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BOUGHT WITH THE INCOME OF THE 

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OF STUDIES IN 

HUMAN CIVILIZATION 

1918 



Cornell University Library 
F 127 .L8R82 
V.3 

History of Long Island 




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A HISTORY 



OK 



LONG ISLAND 



From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time 



BY 



^W^ILLIAM S. PELLETREAU, A. M. 



VOL. Ill 



the lewis publishing company 

New York and Chicago 
1905 



INDEX 



A 

Abbott, George B 94 

Abrams, James F 427 

Abrams & Stockton 427 

Ackerson, T. Benton 398 

Allan, John T 338 

Assip, John 388 

B 

Ballard, Gayton 68 

Barnes, Charles C 280 

Barton, Charles T 107 

Bass, Charles H 38 

Battey, William J 5 

Bauer, August 363 

Bauer, Henry C 378 

Baylis, Abraham B., Jr 124 

Baylis, Abraham B., Sr 123 

Bell, James A. W 51' 

Bergen, DeWitt 234 

Bierschenk, Philip igg 

Birdsall, George N S6 

Blackford, Eugene G 196 

Boardman, Elbridge H 162 

Boardman, George M log 

Boerum, Folkert R 299 

Boerum, Henry 296 

Bonert, Louis 442 

Bonnlander, Nicholas 346 

Bowen, William T . . . 3So 

Brandlein, Christian 344 

Brewer, John H 200 

Brown, Henry J 371 

Brown, James N 182 

Brown, John W 31 

Buehl, Charles 406 

Bungart, Peter J 231 

Burkhardt, Stephen 358 

Burr, Wilfred 390 

Burrell, F. A. M , 242 

Burroughs, H. F 80 

Burtis, John H 238 

Burtis, Samuel W 28 

Burwell, M. J 434 

Byrnes, Thomas F 274 



c 

Cabbie, Elijah 89 

Cadman, Samuel P 205 

Calder, Alexander G 340 

Calder, William M 335 

Carleton, Thomas J 108 

Carlin, Patrick J 352 

Chandler, Albert B 211 

Chrichton, Alexander F 129 

Church & Gough 356 

Claasen, Arthur ' 13 

Clarke, Frederick D 122 

Cochrane, William 24 

Comey, George P 39 

Cook, Elisha W 244 

Corbin, John R 445 

Corrigan, Thomas 292 

Cert, William K 268 

Cosgrove, James F 188 

Cozine, Chauncey G 382 

Cummings, James J 455 

Cutter, Ralph L 210 

D 

Dale, James 266 

Davol, William H 288 

Dawe, James 337 

Dean, James E 21s 

Denison, Charles H 366 

DeSilver, Carll H 131 

Dobbins, John 389 

Dole, William H 34 

Downing, Richard F 292 

Dreher, John 369 

Duryea, Sanford B 27 

Dutcher, Charles H 275 

E 

Eason, John W 134 

Egbert, George W 396 

Eisenbach, George 405 

Elderkin, John, Sr 313 

Eppig, Leonhard 203 

Evans, Norris ig 



IV 



INDEX. 



F 

Ferguson; Thomas 136 

Findeisen, Ernst 422 

Fique, Carl 88 

Firth, Christopher C 3So 

Fish, Ferdinand 318 

Fitzhugh, Edward J ISS 

Flanagan, WilHam 360 

Fletcher, George 359 

Fraser, John 429 

Eraser, Thomas H 430 

Friedmann, Christian 238 

Froeb, Charles 64 

Fuller, Junius A 102 

G 

Garrison, William '^F 285 

Gascoine, Jamfes 92 

Gardes, Herman 33' 

Gildersleeve, James 73 

Gilligan, Jerre J 331 

Gleason, Robert W 310 

Gload, Adolphus 438 

Grattan, Harry 364 

Gray, Allen 282 

Greenman, W. B 4IS 

Gregg, David 186 

Gurney, Richard So 

H 

Hall, William A So 

Hamilton, Alfred 384 

Hamilton, Charles 387 

Hansen, Harry 436 

Harman, John W 243 

Haskell, Charles S 33 

Haskell, Samuel S 74 

Hassan, William S 420 

Haw ley, Henry R 49 

Hazzard, William H 376 

Healy, A. A 94 

Heath, Henry R 206 

Heisenbuttel, Henry D 79 

Hendrix, Joseph C 217 

Herod, William 383 

Herring, William J 225 

Hesterberg, Henry 185 

Hicks, Edgar S 242 

Hilis, John 60 

Hobbs, Edward H 169 

Hoffman, J. Paul 394 

Hommel, Charles D 4S2 

Hooker, Edward 138 

Howell, James 47 

Hoyt, Charles A 221 



Huggins, Joseph D 157 

Hull, Johnson C I94 

J 

James, Darwin R I49 

Johnson, Leonard 436 

Johnson, Nels 435 

Johnson, William H 397 

K 

Kaiser, Frederick W 408 

Kaufmann, Edward 119 

Kay, William E 357 

Keim, George F 329 

Kerrigan, Thomas A 290 

Koehler, Charles 364 

L 

Lam.b, Albert J 4l8 

Lamb, William 14 

Larsen, Peter 10 

Lauer, Daniel 390 

Leary, James D 1 17 

Lethbridge, Robert P 58 

Longworth, David 145 

Loretz, John M 158 

Loughran, John _ 52 

Lusher, Walter R - 410 

.Lyon, William H 142 

M 

Mack, Andrew T 446 

Macomber, Walter H 233 

Magilligan, John J 407 

Mahegin, Jere D 34S 

Marchant, Thomas 308 

Martin, Charles C 100 

Martin, Thomas F 437 

Martin, William B 408 

Maske, William 346 

Mason, John W ; 237 

Matheis, Gustave X 444 

Matthews, Azel D 64 

McCarroll, William ■ 87 

McCooey, John H 257 

McGerald, Arthur 59 

Mclndoe, Samuel 40 

Mclntyre, Hugh D ' 230 

McKelway, St. Clair i 

McNulty, Peter H 302 

McTiernan, Patrick 416 

McWilliams, Daniel W ' 34 

Mechanics' and Traders' Exchange 323 

Metz, Adam 370 

Metz, Herman A no 

Miller, Charles R 9 



INDEX. 



Modern Brooklyn ' 328 

Moody, Leonard 79 

Morgan, Henry P 115 

Morrison, George N 419 

Morse, Lyman D 75 

Mulvihill, Michael 176 

Mundell, William A 381 

N 

Napier, A. Milton 422 

Nesmith, Henry E 276 

Newton, Albro J. . . 279 

Nichols, George 229 

Nichols, Othniel F 379 

Noonan, William T 295 

Norris, Fred B 449 

Nostrand, Louis P 251 

o 

O'Keeffe, Arthur J : . 289 

Olsen, Andrew 339 

O'Rourke, John H 120 

P 

Palmer, Henry U 76 

Patterson, Calvin 191 

Pearsall, Alva 73 

Peters, John , 375 

Pettersen, Gustave 34S 

Phelps, Ellsworth C 177 

Pipe, George W 387 

Planet, The Mills 129 

Planten, H. Rolff 146 

Polhemus, Henry D 41 

Pool, Joseph C 141 

Powell, David B 272 

Powell, Leander T 273 

Pratt, Henry L 258 

Putnam, Harrington 90 

Q 

Quimby, David S 245 

R 

Randall, Stephen M 37o 

Raymond, Benjamin C 33° 

Rexer, William 414 

Roberts, George H 224 

Rosenthal, Charles 450 

Rutz, Louis 6 

S 

Salmon, Hamilton H 104 

Sbrignadello, Anton 107 

Schmidt, Henry 422 

Schmidt & Findeisen 421 

Schultheiss, John 103 



Schwarzmann, Adolph 192 

Scoville, F. H 171 

Sillcocks, Warren S '. 307 

Silver, WilHam H 254 

Singer, Otto 433 

Smith, Edmund T 205 

Southard, George H 301 

Spencer, Albert 19 

Stack, Thomas 231 

Steel, Charles F 232 

Stevens, Gerard M 85 

Stiner, Munroe 372 

Stockton, James K 428 

Swanstrom, J. E 252 

T 

Tate, Samuel 414 

Taylor, James A 42 

Taylor, William 45 

Thallon, Robert 127 

Thompson, Joseph 451 

Tillson, George W 417 

Treboss, Henry V 4SS 

Troetschel, Hugo 12 

Tuthill, Charles E 18 

Twitchell, Herbert K 181 

Twyeffort, Louis P 3 

U 
Ulrich, Louis 426 

V 

VanDerwerken, F. Stanley 175 

VanDerwerken, Yates 172 

Venth, Carl 96 

W 

Wallace, William C 26 

Walther, August 82 

Warren, Horace M 114 

Wechsler, Joseph 262 

Wells, Albert P 25 

Westernacher, Gottfried 244 

Wheeler, J. D 137 

Wheelock, A. D 11 

White, George W 20 

White, Robert 249 

White, William E 226 

Whitney, Abijah 167 

Williams, William H ii6 

Wilson, George 175 

Wilson & Morgan 381 

Wing, Halsey F 351 

Wise, William 140 

Wood, Boyd H 413 

Woodman, R. H 163 




TWs plate furnished by courtesy of the editor and publisher. 



ST. CLAIR McKBLWAY, EDITOR BROOKLYH EAGLE. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



ST. CLAIR McKELWAY. 

St. Clair McKelway, editor-in-chief of the 
"Brooklyn Eagle," was born in Columbia, Mis- 
souri, March 15, 1845. He is descended from 
a blended Scotch and Irish ancestry, and in 
him are united the robust physical vigor arid 
strong mental traits of both races. His par- 
ents were Alexander J. and Mary A. (Ryan) 
McKelway, bom respectively in Glasgow, 
Scotland, December 6, 1812, and in Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, October i, 1812. His pa- 
ternal grandparents were John and Isabella 
Buchanan (McGregor) McKelway, both na- 
tives of Scotland ; the former named was edu- 
cated in the classics and in medicine at the uni- 
versity in Edinburg, his birthplace, and died 
at Trenton, New Jersey, in 1877, aged ninety- 
one years, his wife having died about three 
years before. The m.aternal grandparents of 
our subject were Patrick A. and Mary Ryan, 
born in Dublin, Ireland, and baptized into the 
Church of England ; both died in Philadelphia, 
the former named by drowning, in 1853, and 
the latter named from old age, many years 
later. 

Alexander J. McKelway, father of St. Clair 
McKelway, came with his father to the United 
States in 1817. He was graduated in the 
classics at Princeton about 1830, and after- 
ward in medicine at Jefterson Medical College, 
Philadelphia. He married Mary A. Ryan, in 



Philadelphia, in 1834. For some years he prac- 
ticed medicine in New Jersey, and then moved 
to Missouri, where four of his seven children 
were born. He returned to New Jersey in 
1853, and at the beginning of the Civil war 
was commissioned surgeon of the Eighth Reg- 
iment of New Jersey Volunteers. He served 
until the end of the war and was honorably 
discharged in 1866. He resumed the practice 
of his profession in New Jersey, and died of 
complications resultant from his war 'service, 
in Williamstown, Camden county, in Novem- 
ber, 1885, in his seventy-fourth year. His 
widow died of extreme age in Philadelphia in 
1898, in her eighty-sixth year. Both were 
Presbyterians. 

St. Clair McKelway attended a classical 
academy in Blackwood, New Jersey, the acad- 
emy in Trenton, and the State Normal School 
in that city. In 1863 he was prepared for ad- 
mission to Princeton College, which he did not 
enter, preferring newspaper work, which then 
opened to him. In Trenton he, combined news- 
paper work with the study of law under the 
late Augustus C. Richey, and continued jour- 
nalism in New York city on the "World" news- 
paper of that day, completing his law studies 
in the office of Blatchford, Seward & Gris- 
wold, and being admitted to the bar in May, 
1866. He did not enter upon law practice, 
h<pv/ever, but continued in journalism, serving 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



in 1868-69 ^s the correspondent at Washing- 
ton of the "World," and of the "Brooklyn 
Eagle." January i, 1870, he became an edi- 
torial writer on the latter named paper, and 
continued as its leader writer until August 15, 
1878. He then became editor-in-chief of the 
"Albany Argus" until December 8, 1884, when 
he returned to the "Eagle," became its editor- 
in-chief, and has continuously occupied that 
position to the present time. With thorough 
training, true journalistic instinct, broad 
knowledge of aflfairs and intimate acquaint- 
ance with leaders in all departments of the 
world's progress, he reflects honor upon his 
pi^ofession, and in his conduct of the "Eagle" 
he has made it the exponent of the highest 
interests of the community, of the state and 
of the nation. 

Aside from his newspaper work, Mr. Mc- 
Kelway has performed considerable literary 
labor of great merit, but is the author of no 
books except such as have been formed from 
his addresses upon educational, scientific and 
ethical subjects, such as "Colleges and Men," 
"Wealth and Learning," "The Lawyer and 
the Times," "The Doctor and the Times," "A 
Plea for Old-Fashioned Preaching," "Medical 
Experts and Other Experts," "Makers of 
Modern America," and a large number of dis- 
courses delivered before universities, colleges, 
academies, scientific societies and the like. On 
occasion he has been an effective speaker be- 
fore assemblages of national importance. He 
was chosen as orator for Brooklyn Day at the 
Chicago Exposition, at the Atlanta Exposi- 
tion, and at the Nashville Exposition, and also 
as orator for the State of New York at the 
Pan-American Exposition. At the request of 
President McKinley he spoke for New York 



on National Day at the Omaha Exposition. 
He has spoken before educational and social 
assemblages in Great Britain as well as in va- 
rious portions of the United States. 

Mr. McKelway has never sought political 
preferment, but he has received appreciated 
recognition from and in connection with va- 
rious educational institutions. In 1883 he' was 
elected a member of the board of regents of 
the State of New York to succeed Robert S. 
Hale, deceased, this being a life office. In 1890 
he was elected an honorary member of Clio 
Hall, Princeton University. In 1891 he re- 
ceived from Colgate University the degree of 
Master of Arts, and in 1893 from Syracuse 
University the degree of Doctor of Laws. In 
1898 he received from Union University the 
degree of Doctor of Literature (D. C. L.), and 
from St. Lawrence University the degree of 
Doctor of Humane Letters (L. H. D.). He 
is a member of the Medico-Legal Society of 
New York ; of the New York Commandery of 
the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, in de- 
scent from his father ; an honorary member 
of the Long Island Historical Society and of 
the Suffqlk County Historical Society ; a char- 
ter member and director of the American So- 
cial Science Association, and a member of the 
American Institute of Arts and Letters. 

Mr. McKelway is a member of the foUow- 
mg clubs in Brooklyn: The Montauk, the 
Hamilton, the Twentieth Century and the 
Brooklyn ; and in Manhattan (old New York), 
of the Metropolitan, the National Arts, the Re- 
form and the Barnard. 

Mr. McKelway is six feet high, of robust 
and erect carriage, has blue eyes, brown hair, 
and weighs a little over two hundred pounds. 
His travels have comprised a considerable por- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



tion of the United States in their range, and 
several European trips, in which he has stud- 
ied England, Scotland, prance, Belgium and 
Italy, not merely as a tourist, but as a student 
of their political and social conditions. 

He was married December 19, 1866, to 
Eleanor Hutchison, the sister of the late Dr. 
Joseph Chrisman Hutchison, of Brooklyn, his 
wife being a native of Booneville, in Missouri, 
near Columbia, where her father, Dr. Nathan- 
iel Hutchison, had practiced medicine often in 
consultation with the father of St. Clair Mc- 
Kelway. Two sons, Lee McKelway, born in 
T872, and Nathaniel C. McKelway, born in 
1874, resulted from this marriage. The 
younger son died in the flower of his youth, 
July 29, 1896. The elder son is now con- 
nected with the Bureau of the " Brooklyn 
Eagle," in Paris, France. Mr. McKelway's 
first wife died in Albany, February 28, 1884. 
January 25, 1888, he married Virginia^ Brooks 
Thompson, daughter of Samuel W. Thomp- 
son, disbursing officer of the New York cus- 
tom-house. 



LOUIS PHILLIPE TWYEFFORT. 

Louis P. Twyeffort, for many years prom- 
inently identified with large mercantile inter- 
ests in New York city, was a man whose no- 
bility of character challenged the admiration 
and commanded the affection of all with whom 
he was brought into association. Foreign by 
birth, he was intense in his devotion to his 
adopted country, and made a brilliant military 
record during the period of the Civil war. 

He was born in Brussels, Belgium, Feb- 
ruary 21, 1843, a son of Antoine Frederick 
and Ann Catherine (Van der Perren) 



Twyeffort. His father was a printer by trade, 
and of an inventive turn of mind, enjoying the 
distinction of being the first in Belgium to- in- 
stall and operate a power printing press. The 
mother was of Flemish extraction, and her 
family was long connected with furniture- 
making enterprises. The senior Twyefifort 
brought his family to America in 1858, but re- 
turned a few years later, leaving behind them 
the son Louis Phillipe, who had beco^me too 
much enamored of the countiy and its insti- 
tutions to think of casting his destiny else- 
where. 

Louis Phillipe Twyefifort was ten years of 
age when he came to the United States. He 
was already well grounded in the essentials 
of an education, and, with energy and enthu- 
siasm, he set himself to learning the language 
of the people to whose midst he came, and 
their business methods. His genteel instincts 
led him to attendance at Plymouth Church, 
Brooklyn, then under the pastorate of the 
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, and he also be- 
came an earnest and active member of the 
Young Men's Christian Association. These 
facts afford an indication of his moral fibre 
in his very boyhood, and he preserved an im- 
maculate personal life and geniality and equa- 
bility of disposition throughout his life. Soon 
after coming to the country he obtained em- 
ployment in a mercantile establishment in 
Nev/ York city, and here laid the foundations 
for a career which was destined to be as suc- 
cessful as it was honorable. About the time 
of the opening of the Civil war, attracted by 
the rapid development of what was then "the 
west," he went to Chicago, where he entered 
the employ of Kinsey & Co., one of the largest ' 
dry goods firms of the city at that time. Irj 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



1862, being then eighteen years old, he aided 
in forming a military company which was al- 
most altogether made up of members of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, with 
which body he had connected himself on locat- 
ing there. This company was mustered into 
the service of the United States as Company 
D, Seventy-second Regiment Illinois Volun- 
teers, Colonel (afterward Brigadier-General) 
Fred A. Starring, commanding. This com- 
mand made a most creditable record from the 
time it took the field until the end of the war. 
It was at once assigned to the Army of the 
Tennessee, under Major-General Ulysses S. 
Grant, and its first service was under him in 
the operations which led up to the investment 
of Vicksburg, including the engagements on 
the Yazoo river and at Champion Hills. Dur- 
ing the long protracted siege of Vicksburg 
which followed, continuing for nearly two 
months, the regiment was almost constantly 
under fire,' at the same time being continually 
engaged in throwing up earthworks as the be- 
sieging force advanced, sometimes by day, 
sometimes by night. The writer of this nar- 
rative was serving in a companion regiment, 
and has full knowledge of these events, and is 
able to testify to the dreadful conditions 
which prevailed, owing to the troops being 
confined to narrow limits, in near proximity 
to the wagon trains, the only water supply be- 
ing from shallow streams contaminated with 
the ofifal of the camps and corrals. The ex- 
posure and unsanitary surroundings brought 
down thousands of men, and among them 
young Twyeffort, who contracted a fever 
which his strong moral courage and vigorous 
constitution enabled him to overcome, while 
scores of his comrades faded away and found 



graves under the trees which shaded their 
tents from the fierce suhimer sun. The regi- 
ment subsequently took part in the operations 
against Mobile, including the assault upon 
Spanish Fort, and then traversed the interior 
of Alabama and Georgia, taking part in the 
engagements at Franklin and Montgomery. 
During these stirring campaigns young 
Twyei?ort acquitted himself like the model 
soldier he was, at all times enjoying the ap- 
probation of his superiors and the esteem of 
his comrades. He was advanced from grade to 
grade until October 25, 1864, when he was 
commissioned second lieutenant, a few months 
after he had attained his majority. As a 
commissioned officer he served on the staff of 
General A. J. Smith, and for a time occupied 
the responsible and onerous position of pro- 
vost marshal at Montgomery, Alabama. 

The war over, and honorably discharged 
from the army, Mr. Twyeffort established 
himself in New York city, where he entered 
the employ of Butler, Bloom & Qapp. He 
subsequently was placed in charge of the no- 
tion department of Dunham, Buckley & Co., 
with whom . he remained until he became a 
member of the firm of George Borgfeldt & 
Co., with which he was associated for the fol- 
lowing twelve yeiars and until his death. The 
resident partner of the firm, he acted as its 
principal purchasing agent, dividing his time 
about aqually between New York and Paris, 
in order to keep closely in touch with all the 
requirem.ents of the extensive business. As 
an incident of his career it is to be noted that 
he was really the first (in the middle seven- 
ties) to organize a' department for the distri- 
bution of small goods — an innovation which 
afforded a foundation for the five and ten- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



cent departments afterward opened by other 
houses. 

Mr. Twyeffort had apparently not yet 
•reached the meridian of his powers when he 
incurred an illness which resulted in his death. 
On the advice of his physician he left Paris 
for home, where he arrived May 13, 1902. 
He had but recently purchased property at 
Bridgehampton, Long Island, and had in 
course of erection a home which he expect- 
antly regarded as the place where he would 
pass the remainder of his days in pleasant 
semi-retirement. His desires were not to be 
gratified, however, for he continued to grad- 
ually decline, and passed away on May 28, 
little more than a fortnight after his coming. 
The sad event came as a personal affliction to 
all the many with whom he had been in any 
way associated, and to whom he was endeared 
as the embodiment of all that was becoming 
to the ideal Christian gentleman. Of pleasing 
address and great cordiality of manner, he 
was the delight of whatever social gathering 
he graced. In the busy walks of mercantile 
life he was the soul of honor and integrity. 
As a citizen he held to the loftiest conception? 
of principle and behavior. His love of and 
devotion to his adopted country never wav- 
ered. He was no less public-spirited, enthu- 
astic and useful as a citizen than he had been 
patriotic and brave as a soldier. He took a 
keen interest in all pertaining to the social, 
religious and political welfare of the commu- 
nity, although his want of personal ambition 
foibade him to aspire to any public position. 
He was a consistent member of the Classon 
Avenue Presbyterian Church, in which he for 
some years was an elder. His interest in the 
work of the Young Men's Christian Associa- 



tion was unabated from the days of his boy- 
hood to his very last year. He aided in estab- 
lishing the Association in Paris, France, in the 
Rue de Trevise, and served it as a director, 
and he was also treasurer of the American 
Chapel in the Rue de Berri, in the same city. 
He was one of the six founders of the Union 
League Club of Brooklyn, and he was an early 
member of the New York Commandery of the 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion, an asso- 
ciation of ex-officers of the army arid navy 
during the Civil war. 

A son of Mr. Twyeffort, Louis, was assist- 
ant to his father in Paris, and during the 
Spanish-American war served in Troop C, of 
Brooklyn. A daughter, Lucille, became the 
wife of William K. Wardner, connected with 
the mercantile house of Mills & Gibb. 



WILLIAM J. BATTEY. 

William J. Battey, of W. J. Battey & Co., 
66-72 Leonard street. New York, and presi- 
dent of the Pawcatnck Woolen Mills, West- 
erly, Rhode Island, is a descendant of Samp- 
son Battey, who was born in the south of 
Scotland, took up his residence in England 
for a period of time, and in 1680 came to 
America, settling at Jamestown, Rhode Island. 
His descendants removed to Massachusetts, 
and later to Vermont. 

Jonathan Battey, father of William J. Bat- 
tey, was a noted nurseryman of northern New 
York. Pie was prominently identified with 
the Society of Orthodox Friends. In 1848 he 
was united in marriage to Anna Greene 
Keese, a daughter of William Keese, a 
descendant of an honored revolution- 
ary stock, and a lineal connection of General 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Nathaniel Greene, and Fitz* Greene Halleck. 
Seven children were horn to Mr. and Mrs. 
Battey, six of whom are now living (1905), 
Mr. Battey died in 1875, and his wife eighteen 
years later in 1893. 

William J. Battey, son of Jonathan and 
Anna G. (Keese) Battey, was born in Keese- 
ville, New York, (which was named in honor 
of his maternal great-grandfather) May 13, 
i860. He attended the public schools of 
Brooklyn, and Friends' Academy, Union 
Springs, New York, obtaining a common 
school education. In 1875 he commenced his 
business career by entering the employ of 
Hardt & Co., commission merchants in for- 
eign and domestic woolens. In 1883 he went 
into business for himself as a commission mer- 
chant in domestic woolens, and by earnest 
effort won success, being now a part owner of 
several mills and agent for the product of 
others. Recently Mr. Battey organized a cor- 
poration known as the Pawcatuck Woolen 
Mills, of Westerly, Rhode Island, and is now 
president of the same. He was also instru- 
mental in organizing and building up the 
Dunn Worsted Mills of Woonsocket, Rhode 
Island, of which mills he has been seUing 
agent since their organization. In 1878 Mr. 
Battey joined the Twenty-third Regiment 
New York Militia, and was elected corporal, 
then sergeant, and finally first lieutenant of 
Company I ; he resigned his commission in 
1885. He is a member of the Wool Club of 
New York, the Marine and Field Club, and 
the Parkway Golf Club of Brooklyn. 

On October 10, 1885, Mr. Battey married 
Miss Florence Vail Walbridge, daughter of 
Augustus Walbridge, of Brooklyn; their chil- 
dren are William Earle and Donald Ellerby 



Battey. The ancestors of Mrs. Battey on both 
the paternal and m»aternal sides were active 
participants during the revolutionary period, 
one of the paternal ancestors being General 
Ebenezer Walbridge, of Vermont. Mr. Bat- 
tey and the members of his family are mem- 
bers of St. James Protestant Episcopal 
Church, of Brooklyn, Mr. Battey being one of 
its vestrymen. Mrs. Battey is interested in 
the work and progress of several women's 
clubs. Since 1899 the family have resided at 
No. 599 St. Mark's Avenue, Brooklyn ; their 
summer home is at Watch Hill, Rhode Island. 



LOUIS RUTZ. 

Louis Rutz, a representative of the younger 
element of business men in the borough of 
Brooklyn, New York, who is actively identi- 
fied with various enterprises of great magni- 
tude and importance, was born at Carlstadt, 
Bergen county, New Jersey, April 26, 1873, a 
son of Carl Rutz, whose family consisted of 
seven children, five sons and two daughters. 
Carl Rutz (father) was born in Germany, was 
reared, educated and married in his native 
land, and in 1871, attracted by the possibilities 
of the new world, emigrated thither and at 
once took up his residence in Carlstadt, New 
Jersey, where for several years he served in 
the capacity of superintendent of the Forten- 
bach Watch Case Company. Subsequently he 
located in Brooklyn, New York, and estab- 
lished a plumbing and gas fitting business at 
No. 1467 Myrtle avenue, which is now being 
conducted by his son. Carl Rutz is an expert 
mechanic and inventor, the author of numer- 
ous valuable patents, the most important being 




The Lewis PuliUshyn^ Co. 




HISTORY OP LONG ISLAND. 



an edge cutter and binder used in the tailor- 
ing trade, and at tlie present time (1905) is 
actively interested in experimental and inven- 
tive work. 

Louis Rutz obtained his early educational 
advantages* in the common schools of Carl- 
stadt, and after his removal to Brooklyn with 
his parents, at the age of seventeen years, 
graduated from the public schools of that bor- 
ough, supplementing this knowledge by atten- 
dance at night school. He then served an 
apprenticeship with his father at the trade of 
machinist, which he followed two years there- 
after, and in 1894 became connected with the 
firm of C. Rutz & Co., at No. 1467 Myrtle 
avenue, near Bleeker street, one of the oldest 
plumbing establishments in that section of the 
city. They have a large trade in sanitary 
plumbing, gas fitting, steam, hot water and 
green house heating, the fitting of boilers, en- 
gines and pumps, and jobbing work of all 
kinds. This requires the services of from 
thirty to forty men, and the enterprise is not 
only of benefit to the proprietors but also aids 
very materially many others. In addition to 
this Mr. Rutz is a member of the firm of 
Koehler & Rutz, speculative builders, many 
houses in the Ridgewood district standing as 
monuments to their skill and ability, and he is 
also interested in the produce business at 
Vineland, New Jersey. His transactions are 
conducted in an honorable and conscientious 
manner, and he therefore merits the success 
which has attended his eflforts. As a citizen 
and business man he has the confidence and 
respect of all with whom he comes in contact, 
and in social life he has made a host of warm 
personal friends. He is a member of the Ma- 
sonic order, and of the Schwabischer Saen- 



gcrbund. He is a Republican in politics. 

Mr. Rutz married Miss Martha Rudel, a 
native of New Jersey, and they are the par- 
ents of one child. 



CHARLES RUSSELL MILLER. 

In the death of Charles R. Miller, which oc- 
curred at his residence on Highland boulevard, 
near Barbey street. East New York, on Sun- 
day, September 20, 1903, the borough of 
Brooklyn was called tO' mourn the loss of one 
of the very few of the men now remaining 
who were actively and prominently identified 
with the aiifairs of the.old town of New Lots, 
a half century ago, and subsequently with the 
Twenty-sixth Ward of Brooklyn, as the dis- 
trict has long been known. Mr. Miller was a 
man of rare intellectual attainments, vigorous 
and progressive in business affairs, enthusias- 
tic and public spirited in municipal concerns 
and in behalf of the general welfare, and in 
all the relations of life, whether public or pri- 
vate, he displayed the characteristics of a 
model citizen and a true Christian gentleman. 

He was born October 26, 1818, in Middle- 
town, Connecticut, where he resided until he 
attained his majority, serving for a number 
of years in the capacity of assistant postmas- 
ter. He removed to Cuyahoga Falls, Summit 
county, Ohio, and accepted a position as agent 
of Judge Joshua Stone, of Middletown, Con- 
necticut, who was the owner of extensive 
lands in the Western Reserve. In conjunc- 
tion with his brother-in-law, the late Horace 
A. Miller, also in later years one of the in- 
fluential residents of East New York, now 
the Twenty-sixth Ward, Mr. Miller aided ma- 
terially in the development of Cuyahoga 



10 



llISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Falls, and built an extensive paper mill and 
flour mill, which were for many years im- 
portant industries of the town. In 1845 Mr. 
Miller located in Toledo, Ohio, where he de- 
voted his attention to, the banking business. 
He also founded a newspaper, the "Toledo 
Commercial," in the columns of which he 
warmly championed the cause of one of his , 
closest friends, Hon. Salmon P. Chase, in vari- 
ous great political contests in Ohio, and was a 
prominent factor in political affairs. 

In 185 1 Mr. Miller came to Brooklyn. It 
was at the time when an active interest began 
to be manifested in the outlying districts of 
Brooklyn, and the steam railroad made access 
to the city possible within a limited space of 
time. Mr. Miller foresaw the great possibili- 
ties of certain sections, and in association with 
Horace A. Miller and James Butler he pur- 
chased about one hundred acres of farm land 
from the Wyckoff and Van Siclen families, 
two of the oldest and most prominent families 
■ of Brooklyn. These lands were laid out into 
lots, hundreds of dwellings were erected 
thereon, and thus was begun the phenomenal 
development of what was formerly known as 
"East New York." The panic of 1857, fol- 
lowed somewhat later by the Civil War, caused 
considerable delay and. difficulty in the accom- 
plishment of this work, but the remarkable 
perseverance and optimistic spirit of Mr. 
Miller' sustained his associates during this 
period of financial crisis and trial. He was one 
of the first advocates of the consolidation of 
Brooklyn and New Lots, which proved to be 
an advantageous alliance, and aided largely in 
encouraging the Hebrew immigration into that 
portion of the Twenty-sixth ward known as 
Brownsville. He did not, however, confine his 



operations to the property which he was m- 
strumental in laying out, but sold lots and 
erected houses in all portions of the ward and 
throughout Queens county. In 1867 he sold 
for Mr. J. I. Sackman five hundred lots on 
Fulton street, west of Rockaway avenue, and 
erected many of the handsome residences of 
the Arlington section. 

Mr. Miller was a staunch advocate of the 
principles of Republicanism, and at one time 
was the leader of that party in the section in 
which he resided. He was a member of Trin- 
ity Protestant Episcopal Church, in which he 
served as vestryman for many years. 

Mr. Miller, in his eighty-fifth year, died 
from advanced age and a complication of ail- 
ments following an illness extending over one 
year. The interment was in Cypress Hills 
Cemetery. 

Mr. Miller leaves surviving him his wife. 
Harriet Ann Miller, whom he married in Mid- 
dletown, Connecticut, in 1841 ; a widowed 
daughter, Mrs. Mary Eliza Cook; another 
daughter, Mrs. Ellen A., wife of David J. 
Molloy; and a son, William Morris Miller. 



PETER LARSEN. 

Peter Larsen, a representative citizen of the 
borough of Brooklyn, residing at No. 259 
Garfield Place, who since 1889 has been suc- 
cessfully engaged m speculative building, his 
speciahy being the building of Apartment 
Houses, is a native of Denmark, in which 
country he obtained his education and served 
an apprenticeship at the trade of carpenter. 
During his young manhood he traveled ex- 
tensively, visiting among other countries In- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



11 



dia and So^ith America, and the knowledge 
and experience thus gained proved of vahiable 
assistance to him in his business career and 
also made him a most pleasing conversation- 
alist. 

In 1865 Mr. Larsen located in Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he made his home for fif- 
teen years, and from there he came to Brook- 
lyn, New York, where he worked at his trade 
as journeyman and shortly afterward com- 
menced taking contracts on his own account, 
performing considerable work for Mr. James 
Jack, for many years an honored and suc- 
cessful builder of Brooklyn, whose death oc- 
curred recently. In 1889 he engaged in speC' 
ulative building, and during the intervening 
years has erected houses in the various sec- 
tions of Brooklyn. His first operations in this 
line were on First street, between Fifth and 
Sixth avenues ; he then built sixteen apart- 
ment houses of four stories on First street, 
near Sixth avenue; six four-story apartment 
houses on State street, near Third avenue; 
three double apartment houses on Prospect 
Park West, corner of Tenth street and Ninth 
avenue; three double and eight single apart- 
ment houses of four stories on Garfield Place 
and Eighth avenue, all of which are of a high 
class of architecture, modern in all their ap- 
pointments. He also erected four private 
houses on First street, between Fifth and 
Sixth avenues. Mr. Larsen devoted his en- 
tire time and attention to his business, and 
therefore deserves the success which has at- 
tended his well directed efforts. He is a mem- 
ber of ttie Builders' Association of Brooklyn. 

In Boston, Massachusetts, Mr. Larsen was 
united in marriage to a native of Denmark, 
and their family consists of two children. 



A. D. WHEELOCK. 

By the death of A. D. Wheelock Brooklyn 
sustained an irreparable loss and was deprived 
of the presence of one whom it had come to 
look upon as a guardian, benefactor and 
friend. He had fostered many benevolent 
and charitable enterprises, was prominently 
connected with municipal affairs and was the 
promoter of business interests of far-reaching 
eft'ect in the commercial and financial activity 
of the borough. 

A native of Massachusetts, Mr. Wheelock 
was born in the town of Upton, Worcester 
county. May 26, 1823, and a few years later 
his parents moved to Mendon, a village about 
five miles distant, in the public schools of 
which Mr. Wheelock acquired his early educa- 
tion. While stiil a boy hejeft Massachusetts 
and came to New York, where he obtained 
employment in a wholesale shoe house, thus 
entering upon a line of business which chiefly 
claimed his attention until his practical retire- 
ment from mercantile circles. His early busi- 
ness training and experience were received 
when an employe of the shoe firm of Samuel 
Daniels & Company, and he afterward was 
made manager of the shoe department in the 
large mercantile enterprise of H. B. Claflin. 
During the period of the Civil war the firm of 
Bell, Wheelock & Company was formed and 
continued in business until Mr. Wheelock re- 
tired to enter public office in the borough of 
Brooklyn. His mercantile career had been 
characterized by consecutive progress and 
gratifying success. At a later date he figured 
in financial circles of Brooklyn as president of 
the Nassau Trust Company. 

In the meantime Mr. Wheelock had been 



12 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



connected with the management of the finan- 
cial interests of the borough for nineteen 
years. He was an advocate of Repubhcan 
principles, but placed the city's welfare before 
partisanship and the public good before per- 
sonal aggrandizement. He ever strongly op- 
posed misrule in municipal affairs and cham- 
pioned the measures for reform, progress and 
clean government. He was appointed deputy 
city treasurer and his ability and unquestioned 
fidelity in office were evidenced by the fact 
that for nineteen years he served as deputy 
or chief in the treasurer's office, being ap- 
pointed to the higher position by Mayor Low 
and again by Mayor Chapin, thus serving 
until he accepted the presidency of the Nassau 
Trust Company, when he retired permanently 
from public office. 

In early manhood Mr. Wheelock was mar- 
ried to Miss Laura Ann Wood, of Upton, 
Massachusetts, who died in 1888. Their liv- 
ing children are a son and five daughters. 

While Mr. Wheelock was devotedly at- 
tached to his family he yet found time, aside 
from his important business interests and pub- 
lic labors, to exemplify his broad humanita- 
rian principles and benevolent spirit in active 
co-operation in many charitable institutions and 
movements "for the amelioration of life's un- 
favoring conditions. He was the founder of 
the Good Samaritan Society and was prom- 
inently connected with the City Mission. He 
was president of the Brooklyn Association for 
Improving the Conditions of the Poor and 
was treasurer of the Eye and Ear Hospital. 
At the time of his death he was one of the 
oldest members of Plymouth church, attend- 
ing services there from 1847. He achieved 
both character and fortune, and because his 



life was ever dominated by the noble purpose 
of uplifting his felloW men he created a mem- 
ory whose perpetuation does not depend upon 
brick or stone but upon the spontaneous and 
freewill offering of a grateful and enlightened 
people. 



PROF. HUGO TROETSCHEL. 

Professor Hugo Troetschel, organist and 
choir master of the German Evangelical Luth- 
eran Church of Brooklyn, New York, was 
born in Weimar, Germany, June 25, 1859, the 
son of Gottlof and Emma (Gerstenberg) 
Troetschel, the former named, although not 
being a professional musician, was an enthu- 
siast in this line. 

Professor Troetschel obtained a good clas- 
sical education in the schools of his birth- 
place, and, having manifested a great love for 
music in his early childhood, availed himself 
of the best advantages of the noted Musical 
Conservatory in Weimar, and became an ac- 
complished musician at the age of twelve 
years. He studied the piano under the effi- 
cient direction of Professors Gottschalg, Mul- 
ler, and Hartung, and the organ under the 
competent training of Bernhard Sulze. He 
took two trips to Russia, was the sole organist 
for one winter with the Bilse Orchestra, and 
repeatedly played for Professors Liszt, Haupt 
and Scharwenka. In 1887 he came to the 
United States and settled in Brooklyn, New 
York, where he received the appointment of 
organist .and choir master of the German 
Evangelical Lutheran Church, situated on 
Schermerhorn street, near Court street, Brook- 
lyn, a position he has held up to the present 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



13 



time (1903). His organ recitals have been 
numerous, and the importance of the service 
thus rendered for the widespread stimulation 
of musical culture can hardly be overestimated. 
His work to this end has been the more suc- 
cessful and striking owing to the fact that he 
has the peculiar and rare faculty of rendering 
classical pieces so that they will be compre- 
hensive and entertaining tO' the average audi- 
ence. Professor Troetschel conducts a mu- 
sical studio at 384 Bainbridge street, Brook- 
lyn, New York, and he enjoys an enviable rep- 
utation in this department of his professional 
activities. He is also connected with the mu- 
sical department of the Brooklyn Institute of 
Arts and Sciences, serving as a member of 
the advisory board for many years. He is one 
of the leading musicians of the city, and his 
name is inseparably identified with the prog- 
ress of musical culture. 

Professor Troetschel was united in mar- 
riage in 1890, with Miss Clara Folger, also 
a native of Weimar, Germany. 



ARTHUR CLAASSEN. 

Arthur Claassen, widely and favorably 
known both as a composer of music and a 
musical director, was born February 19, 1859, 
in Germany, and is the son of John and Louisa 
(Lentski) Claassen. He was reared at his 
birthplace, and j-eceived excellent educational 
advantages in the Gymnasium of the city of 
Danzig. 

Mr. Claassen early developed an innate love 
for music, and his boyish thoughts and ambi- 
tions naturally took a musical tendency. From 



childhood he had a preference for the violin, 
and without a teacher attained great pro- 
ficiency upon this instrument. He decided to 
make devotion to music his life-calling, and 
pursued his studies in the Weimar Conserva- 
tory of Music. He then served in the army 
one year, and afterward entered on his career 
as a conductor of music in several theatres, 
among them the theatres at Goettingen and 
Magdeburg. Subsequently he traveled with 
the "Feichtingen Opera Company through Bo- 
hemia, and in 1885 came to the United States. 
On his arrival he became, through the influ- 
ence of Dr. Leopold Damrosch, conductor of 
the New York Eichenkranz. At present he 
is director of the German Liederkranz of New 
York, the greatest and best singing society in 
the United States. He is also director of the 
Arion Society, the festival's of which organi- 
zation are always notable events in the mu- 
sical world. As conductor of the United Sing- 
ers of Brooklyn he won two prizes in New 
York and one in Philadelphia, namely, the 
monuments of Mozart and Beethoven in Pros- 
pect Park. 

Mr. Claassen's memorable series of concert 
tours throughout the country attracted uni- 
versal attention and commendation. The im- 
portance of the services thus rendered for the 
widespread stimulation of musical culture can 
hardly be overestimated. His work to this 
end was the more successful and striking from 
the peculiar facility shown by him in his per- 
formances to make classical pieces comprehen- 
sible and entertaining to the average audi- 
ence. As a composer his career began early. 
At the age of sixteen he produced an orches- 
tral composition, and among his other works 



14 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



the " Festival Mass," first given in St. James's 
Cliurch in Philadelphia, attracted the attention 
and commendation of the entire press of the 
city and was performed four times in one 
week. " The Battle," another composition, 
was sung September 27, 1891, in Madison 
Square Garden, under the conductorship of 
Anton Seidl. A great many works for chorus, 
orchestra and Piano-Gomposition and songs 
are published here and in Germany. Mr. 
Claassen is vice-president of the Department 
of Music of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts 
and Sciences, and chairman of the Orchestral 
Committee. He was the founder of the So- 
ciety of the United German Choral Conduct- 
ors, and has succeeded Dr. Paul Klengel- as 
director of the Manhattan Deutscher Lieder- 
kranz. Mr. Claassen has done much toward 
raising the standard of pecuniary compensa- 
tion for musical directors. 

Mr. Claassen married, in 1887, Miss Emma 
Figge, a native of Brooklyn. Their family 
consists of four children, three sons and one 
daughter. 



WILLIAM LAMB. 

The history of mankind is replete with the 
fact that it is only under the pressure of ad- 
versity and the stimulus of opposition and 
competition that the best and strongest in men 
are brought out and developed. Perhaps the 
history of no people so forcibly impresses one 
with this truth as the annals of our own re- 
public. If anything can inspire the youth of 
our country to persistent, honorable and laud- 
able endeavor it should be the life record of 
such men as William Lamb, who, without spe- 



cial family or pecuniary advantages to aid 
him at the outset of his career, battled ear- 
nestly and energetically in the business world 
and achieved both character and fortune. 
There stand as monuments to his life of in- 
dustry maiiy of the finest buildings in Brook- 
lyn and also in Manhattan, for from a humble 
apprenticeship he rose to a leading position in 
his chosen field of labor, that of the building 
industry. 

Mr. Lamb was a native of Glasgow, Scot- 
land, born March 12, 1835. When only about 
a year old he was brought by his parents to 
America, the family home being established in 
lower New York, where they remained for 
about seven years. They then removed to the 
eastern district, and thus it was that William 
Lamb became a -student in the public schools 
of Brooklyn. No college course prepared him 
to meet the responsible duties of a business 
career, for when he had mastered the branches 
taught in the public schools he entered upon 
his business career as an apprentice to Thomas 
Gibbons, under whose direction he learned the 
mason's trade. His close application and en- 
ergy enabled him to thoroughly master the 
work and well equipped him to enter building 
circles on his own account when his term of 
apprenticeship was ended. His success is un- 
doubtedly due in a large measure to the fact 
that he persevered in the Hue of business in 
which as a young tradesman he embarked, and 
did not shift his energies from one field of 
activity to another. The concentration of his 
forces, his thorough understanding of the 
principles of the builder s art, his unflagging 
energy and his reliable business methods, 
formed the foundation upon which he builded 
his prosperity and enviable reputation, while 




r / 



r PuliUiihin^ t 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



17 



his efforts were proving an important factor 
in the upbuilding of his city. After a few 
years in business alone he formed a partner- 
ship with his brother Thomas under the firm 
name of W. & T. Lamb, and they opened an 
office in Brooklyn and another in New York, 
soon securing large contracts in both cities. 
Mr. Lamb was connected with the construc- 
tion of the Manufacturers' Bafik, the Nassau 
Trust Company, and the Municipal and Gar- 
field buildings, in the eastern district, and he 
was awarded and executed the contracts for 
the construction of many large school edifices 
in the boroughs of Brooklyn and Manhattan. 
Thus, as the years advanced, his business grew 
in volume and importance, and to some extent 
he co-operated in other enterprises. He be- 
came a director of the Broadway Bank of 
Brooklyn, was a trustee • and official of the 
Williamsburg Savings Bank, and a trustee of 
the Nassau Trust Company. He was also ap- 
praiser of real estate for the Williamsburg 
Savings Bank, and his opinions in business 
circles were regarded as wise and practical. 

A patriotic interest in the welfare of his 
country was always one of Mr. Lamb's strong 
characteristics, and' was manifest at the period 
of the Civil War, when, putting aside all busi- 
ness and personal interests, he joined the For- 
ty-seventh Regiment of New York Volun- 
teers, with which he did active service for the 
Union. He continued to take a deep interest 
in military affairs after his return to Brook- 
lyn, served eleven years as captain in his regi- 
ment, and was a leading member of the Vet- 
erans' Association. 

Mr. Lamb was married in 1872 to Miss 
Louise Wurster, a sister of Frederick Wurs- 
ter, ex-mayor of Brooklyn, and to them were 



born six children : Janet McKay, the wife of 
Clarence M. Lowes; Louise, the wife of 
Thomas E. Lamb; Gertrude, Kate and Jessie, 
who are with their mother; and William, who 
is a student in Williams College. The family 
attend the Ross Street Presbyterian Church, 
of which Mr. Lamb was an active member, 
and although his business interests made 
heavy demands upon his attention he always 
found opportunity to assist in church work. 
During his earlier manhood he belonged to 
the Throop Avenue Presbyterian Church and 
was a member of its board of trustees when 
he decided to transfer his membership to the 
Ross street church. The board, however, re- 
fused to accept his resignation, and he there- 
fore remained a member. Time and means 
were given in co-operation with the various 
lines of church activity, as he earnestly de- 
sired the growth of the ehurch and the exten- 
sion of its influence. He regarded it the duty 
as well as the privilege of the American citi- 
zen to support the political measures deemed 
best for the promotion of good government, 
and, as his own ideas were in harmony with 
the platform of the Republican party, he gave 
to that organization his earnest allegiance, al- 
though he never sought nor would accept of- 
fice as a reward for party fealty. 

Death came to him' suddenly. He was en- 
gaged in active business duties on the second 
day of October, 1903, and in the night " a 
hand, as from the darkness, touched him, and 
he slept.'' His personal qualities had en- 
deared him to many friends. The full depth 
of his nature and his kindly spirit were known 
to only his immediate family, and yet his 
broad sympathies, his geniality, his deference 
for the opinions of others, made him popular. 



18 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



and his friends found him a most companion- Brooklyn's commercial advancement and for 

able gentleman. He belonged to the Hanover many years he conducted a hardware estab- 

Club, and each Saturday night he met there his lishment on Myrtle avenue near Bedford. 

two lifetime friends, Andrew D. Baird and 

Bernard Gallagher, discussing the questions of 

the day, and often times talking over the trip 

which the three made to Europe together 

seven years before. Outside of this weekly 

meeting at the club, Mr. Lamb devoted all of 

his leisure hours to the church and to his 

family, where his loss is most keenly felt. His 

influence on the material, social and moral 

progress of the city was a strong, desirable 

and beneficial factor. 



NORRIS EVANS. 

Norris Evans, for many years active in the 
business life of- Brooklyn as a hardware mer- 
chant and real estate dealer, was born here 
when, the borough was a small village, his 
birth occurring in the family home, which was 
an old colonial residence that stood at the cor- 
ner of Washington and Johnson streets where 
the postofifice building is now located. His 
natal day was May 17, 1824, and for eighty 
years he was a witness of the development 
and progress of Brooklyn as it emerged from 
the conditions and environments of a small 
town to take its place with the leading cities 
of the nation. 

Reared and educated here, he served as one 
of the two first tax assessors appointed in 
Brooklyn, and ever manifested a deep and 
com.mendable interest in community affairs, 
giving hearty aid and co-operation to many 
measures that tended to promote public prog- 
ress. His business activity was a factor in 



About 1884 he retired from that line and be- 
gan operating in real estate, handling much 
valuable property and negotiating many im- 
portant realty transfers. 

Mr. Evans' .widow survives him, together 
with their two- sons. Dr. George Evans and 
Charles A. Evans. He was a great admirer 
of Henry Ward Beecher and always a con- 
stant attendant at Plymouth church during 
the pastorate of that well known divine. He 
was also one of the oldest members of the 
Society of Old Brooklynites and took great 
interest in its meetings. The circle of his 
friends constantly broadened as the circle of 
his acquaintance was extended, and his death, 
which occurred in 1904, was the occasion of 
deep and widespread regret to many of Brook- 
lyn's citizens who had known him for long 
years. 



CHARLES EDWARD TUTHILL. 

Professor Charles Edward Tuthill, de- 
ceased, one of the best known educators con- 
nected with the public-school system of 
Brooklyn and for twenty-five years principal 
of the Lafayette Avenue school, was born in 
New York and was himself a product of the 
public-school system. He continued his edu- 
cation in Manhattan until he was graduated 
from the high school and immediately after- 
ward began teaching, which profession he fol- 
lowed without intermission throughout his en- 
tire business career. His course was marked 
by steady progress and he advanced in effi- 
ciency until he was known as one of the fore- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



19 



most representatives of his chosen calHng in 
the borough of Brooklyn. 

His first position was in one of the public 
schools of New York, where he remained for 
seven years, and on the expiration of that 
period he removed to Brooklyn, accepting the 
principalship of public school No. 5 on Gold 
street. He was afterward transferred to 
school No. 25 on Walworth street, and when 
the new school building was erected on La- 
fayette avenue Professor Tuthill was ap- 
pointed principal and continued in charge for 
a quarter of a century. He thoroughly or- 
ganized the work there, inspired teachers and 
pupils with much of his own zeal and interest 
in the cause of education, and rendered the 
work done therein a valuable preparation to 
the pupils for life's practical and responsible 
duties. He was continually seeking out new 
methods which would render his labors and 
those of the teachers under him more effective, 
and his school was not only in touch with 
modern ideas of education, but was often- 
times a leader in some new movement of 
educational advancement. He won the high- 
est commendation of the public — and no posi- 
tion is more open to that of universal criticism 
than that of the teacher. 

Professor Tuthill's widow is still living at 
the family residence at No. 388 Vanderbilt 
avenue: They had one son, William H., and 
one daughter, Emma T. Tuthill, who reside 
with the mother. The family hold member- 
ship in the Lafayette Presbyterian church, to 
which Professor Tuthill belonged. He had 
deep interest in the moral as well as the in- 
tellectual development of mankind, was an in- 
terested and earnest worker in the church and 
served as one of its deacons. He gave capable 



assistance to the former honored pastor of the 
church. Rev. Theodore Cuyler, and was 
equally loyal to the church organization when 
under the leadership of Rev. Dr. David 
Gregg, both of whom held him in the highest 
regard. 



CAPTAIN ALBERT SPENCER. 

Captain Albert Spencer, deceased, long oc- 
cupied a representative position among the 
American shipmasters and owners, and was 
at one time president of the New York Marine 
Society. Throughout his entire life he was 
connected with the sea or with shipping in- 
terests. His bh-th occurred in Saybrook, Con- 
necticut, on the 27th of February, 1829, and 
during a school vacation he made his first 
sea voyage with his father. Subsequent to 
this time he took up the study of navigation 
in the Saybrook Academy, and while still but 
a boy he went to- sea in the ship Westminster, 
a London and New York packet vessel. This 
was in 1843, ^i^d during the succeeding four 
years he won successive advancement until he 
had become third officer of the ship Northum- 
berland. He was afterward made second offi- 
cer of the Westminster, and when he had 
sailed on two voyages in that capacity he 
was chosen commander and remained in 
charge for twenty years. Later he was trans- 
ferred to the Hendrick Hudson and subse- 
quently to the Ocean Queen. The latter ves- 
sel was commanded by Robert Griswald, who 
v^as seventy years old and partially blind, and 
in 1854 when Captain Griswald was taken ill 
off the isle of Wight Mr. Spencer, as first 
officer, brought the vessel to New York in 
twenty-six days with, seven hundred steerage 



20 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



passengers and forty cabin passengers on 
board. At the end of that voyage he was 
made captain, being promoted to the position 
when about twenty-five years of age. After 
one year's service on the Ocean Queen he 
was placed in command of the Palestine, a 
vessel belonging to the same line. Captain 
Spencer was noted for his intense carefulness 
and skill, the only disaster which he ever en- 
countered being while in command of the 
Yorktown, of which he took charge for her 
captain in 1868. She was dismasted and 
sprang a leak on her voyage to New York 
from Liverpool and put into Fayal under jury 
rig, where she was condemned. Captain Spen- 
cer afterward purchased a captain's interest 
in the Cornelius Grinnell in 1858, and sailed 
in command of that vessel for eleven years. 
On the expiration of that period he accepted 
the position of assistant surveyor of the port 
of Brooklyn for the bureau Veritas, and after 
serving froin 1870 until 1883 was made chief 
inspector on the retirement of Captain Hard- 
ing. In 1895, on the twenty-fifth anniversary 
of his appointment, Captain Spencer was pre- 
sented with a bronze statue of David slaying 
' Goliath as- a token of esteem from the com- 
pany. 

Many interesting incidents were experi- 
enced by Captain Spencer during the period 
of his connection with seafaring life and ship- 
ping interests. He was a member of the boat's 
crew which rowed President Harrison ashore 
from the United States steamer Dispatch at 
the time of the centennial celebration of the 
inauguration of Washington held in New 
York April 30, 1889. His deep interest in 
everything pertaining to the welfare of sea- 
men was manifest in many practical, helpful 



ways. From 1891 until 1893 he served as vice- 
president of the New York Marine Society and 
in the latter year was chosen its president. Both 
of these offices made him a trustee of the Sail- 
ors' Snug Harbor for a term of six years. His 
continuance in active business covered a per- 
iod up to within six years of his death, when 
he retired, spending his remaining days in the 
enjoyment of a well earned rest. He died 
April 18, 1904, at the advanced age of seven- 
ty-five years. 



GEORGE W. WHITE. 

George Washington White, whose life rec- 
ord covered seventy-two years — years of activ- 
ity, crowned with honor and success — was ac- 
corded a position of leadership in financial 
circles of Brooklyn, where for a half century 
he was known as a representative of the Me- 
chanics' Bank, serving as its president for al- 
most two decades. Without extraordinary 
family or pecuniary advantages to aid him at 
the outset of his career, he achieved through 
energy, indomitable courage and integrity, 
both character and fortune. Imbued in youth 
with a laudable ambition, he steadily advanced 
in those walks of life demanding intellectual- 
ity, business ability and fidelity, and at the 
same time his geniality and good nature found 
expression in his warm-hearted interest in his 
fellow men. 

Mr. White was born in Brooklyn in 1829, 
and was a son of Sylvanus and Mary (Degen- 
dorf) White, the former at one time a super- 
visor of Brooklyn. He benefited by the in- 
struction afforded in the public schools of this 
borough, and entered upon his business career 
as a clerk in the shipping house of Johnson 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



23 



& London, in New York, with whom he re- 
mained continuously until 1852, when he re- 
signed in order to enter upon a more lucra- 
tive position as bookkeeper in the newly or- 
ganized Mechanics' Bank of Brooklyn. He 
was at his place in that institution when it 
first opened its doors for business, and he re- 
mained as one of the foremost factors in its 
successful control until his death, covering 
more than fifty years. It was in the more 
humble positions in the bank that he laid the 
foundation of his future career of a bank 
president, through his unflagging industry and 
scrupulous care in the performance of every 
task assigned him. His worth was soon recog- 
nized in promotion that gave him additional 
opportunity for advancement and for the ac- 
quisition of further knowledge concerning 
financial affairs. After three years' service 
as bookkeeper he was made receiving teller, 
later became paying teller, and not long after- 
ward was appointed assistant cashier. When 
the cashier became ill he acted in his stead, and 
in 1857, just five years after entering the bank, 
a young man of twenty-three years, with no 
experience in banking, he was made cashier. 
That position he filled meritoriously until 
1883, when he was elected president of the 
bank to succeed Daniel Chauncey at his death, 
and was annually re-elected, so that he re- 
mained at the head of the institution until his 
death. No other single individual did as 
much to shape the policy of the bank or con- 
tributed in so large a measure to its stability 
and success. His connection with the institu- 
tion was characterized as that of " long and 
faithful service, of satisfactory performance 
of every official duty, of fidelity to every 
trust.'' He made it the largest and strongest 



bank on Long Island, and one of the elements 
of his success, aside from his excellent man- 
agement and strong executive force, was his 
characteristic good nature manifest in cor- 
diality to the patrons of the institution, and 
his deep and friendly interest to all employes, 
especially young men, in whose advancement 
and prosperity he ever rejoiced. He took a 
very prominent part in the erection of the new 
bank building, one of the finest business struc- 
tures of the city, and manifested a just pride 
in the institution when it was located in its 
new quarters on the site of the old bank build- 
ing. 

Through his industrial energy and integrity 
Mr. White placed himself in the foremost 
rank among financial men, and became identi- 
'fied with a number of prominent projects in 
Brooklyn. He was the vice-president of the 
Brooklyn City Safe Deposit Company, and a 
director and trustee of the State Trust of 
Manhattan until about five years prior to his 
demise. He took a deep though impersonal 
interest in Brooklyn politics and actively co- 
operated in many movements that conserved 
the welfare of the borough, rejoicing, in its 
advancement along all lines of substantial up- 
building. He served on many of the city com- 
mittees at various times, and though he never 
sought to figure prominently before the pub- 
lic he never allowed any personal feeling to 
interfere with the full performance of his 
duty as a citizen. The suggestion for the 
Brooklyn Bridge met with his co-operation, 
and he was actively identified with its prog- 
ress. He also took great interest in the new 
East River Bridge, and watched the rapid 
growth of the structure with great personal 
interest. He belonged to the Society of Old 



24 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Brooklynites, but to no secret or fraternal 
organization. His religious faith was that of 
the Dutch Reformed Church, and his funeral 
services were held at the Marble Collegiate 
Church in Manhattan, after which his remains 
were interred in Kensico cemetery. 

At his death, the bank of which he had so 
long stood at the head, passed the following 
resolution : 

"His connection with thife bank was co- 
existent with its life. He was here when the 
doors were first opened for business in 1852, 
and during fifty years he labored as clerk, 
teller, cashier and president, for the welfare 
of the stockholders. During many financial 
crises he exercised such rare discretion that 
serious financial complications were averted. 
His personality was marked by the posses- 
sion of sound common sense and great good 
humor. He had hosts of friends, and his as- 
sociate directors were nearest and dearest to 
him. His loss is to each of us a personal sor- 
row. He leaves behind him a record of deeds 
well done, and his memory will be cherished 
as a precious recollection and loving incidents 
in his life and ours. 

"Resolved : That this minute be inscribed 
in the records of the bank, and a copy thereof 
be sent to the widow with an expression of 
our deepest and tenderest sympathy." 

Mr. White was survived by his wife, but 
they had no children. He married Miss Jose- 
phine W. Ballard, a daughter of the Rev. 
Joseph Ballard, of New York, and after a 
number of years' residence in Brooklyn they 
removed to New York, residing at the Berke- 
ley Hotel for twenty years. To his wife he 
displayed his most tender and deep devotion, 
and yet the claims of friendship were fully 
acknowledged by him, and he gave to nature 
a full measure of appreciation. In the tur- 
moil of business and amidst the most har- 



assing cares of the financial world he never 
ceased to feel the deepest interest in the works 
of nature, of art and of literature. The forests, 
the fields and the gardens were dear to him, 
as were all things that mirrored the beauty or 
strength of form or color, or uplifting mental 
attitudes. For this, reason he surrounded him- 
self with the works of many a master's brush, 
possessing a very choice and valuable collec- 
tion of paintings. Those who knew him best 
acknowledged his rare personality. Said one 
who knew him well : "The friendship of Mr. 
White was sincere, tender and self-regardless; 
his companionship was always cheerful, merry 
and spontaneous as a child's. His first thought 
was always for the other man, or woman, or 
child, and never of himself. His perfect trust 
and faith that 'all things work together for 
good' could have found root only in his deep 
but unobtrusive religious convictions. He 
possessed a most buoyant temperament, a pure 
and noble spirit, a manly and courageous heart, 
with active intellectual gifts and a strong will, 
which, united, always held the helm true to the 
course dictated by the highest standards of 
morality and humanity." 



WILLIAM COCHRANE. 

William Cochrane, who throughout his en- 
tire life was connected with shipping interests, 
was born in Charlottetown, Nova Scotia, and 
in early boyhood enlisted in the English navy. 
He served through two wars and was awarded 
a gold medal in recognition of bravery dis- 
played at the battle of San Juan de Like, while 
by both Admiral LaPrince and Commander 
Williams he was commended for bravery. He 



traveled extensively in the Holy Land under 
orders from Queen Victoria, and on several 
occasions had the distinction of being chosen 
from among the crew of the queen's gig, of 
which he was coxswain, to carry her majesty 
ashore. His naval service was characterized 
by the utmost loyalty and by an efficiency 
which won him promotion. After receiving 
an honorable discharge he continued upon the 
sea as a member of the famous British Mer- 
chant Marine, but the business possibilities of 
the new world attracted him and he engaged 
in ship rigging on South street. New York. 
To that enterprise he devoted his energies 
throughout his remaining days and became 
one of the best known men in the shipping 
world. He rigged most of the large merchant 
vessels of this country and many of the best 
known yachts, notably the famous Greyling, 
the Mayflower and the Wanderer. A rapidly 
developing business based upon the sure and 
safe foundation of excellent workmanship and 
honorable dealing brought to him constantly 
growing success, and as the years advanced he 
became the possessor of a competence that en- 
abled him to spend his last years in honorable 
retirement from all business cares. 

Mr. Cochrane removed from New York to 
Brooklyn and was for many years actively in- 
terested in the work of the Catholic church, 
with which he united in early life. He gave 
valuable assistance to Bishop Laughlin and 
was most generous in his contributions to the 
church. Mr. Cochrane became the father of 
four children. At the time of his death there 
were also five grandchildren and two great- 
grandchildren. He passed away when he had 
attained the very venerable age of ninety-four 
years. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 25 

ALBERT PEARSON WELLS. 



Albert Pearson Wells, former president of 
the Fifth Avenue Bank of Brooklyn, was for 
eighteen years at the head of that institution 
and therefore a notable figure in financial cir- 
cles of his native borough. He was born on the 
nth of 'August, 1838, a son of Albert Terry 
and Elizabeth R. (Jagger) Wells. His father 
was a builder and resided at Northville, Long 
Island, while his mother, prior to her mar- 
riage, lived at Westhampton. His education 
was acquired in the public schools of Brook- 
lyn, and his business training was that of the 
practical school of experience. Following the 
completion of his course of study in the public 
schools, he accepted a position as bookkeeper 
and later was employed in a similar capacity 
by his uncle Thomas Truesdell, where the op- 
portunity for advancement was open to him as 
he displayed the ability to cope with the prob- 
lems of a cotton brokerage business, in which 
he continually worked his way upward until 
admitted to a partnership in this New York 
enterprise. 

Mr. Wells' successful solution of the finan- 
cial problems presented in connection with the 
cotton brokerage business drew to him the at- 
tention of others active in the world of trade, 
and led to his selection for the presidency of 
the Fifth Avenue Bank of Brooklyn, upon its 
organization in the year- 1885. His intense 
and well directed efforts were also a potent 
factor in the formation of the bank, and he 
was the only man who occupied the chair of 
chief executive of that institution, holding the 
office from 1885 until the absorption of the 
bank by the Mechanics' Bank, in 1903. At 
that date he became a member of the direc- 



26 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



torate of the latter enterprise, and thus served 
up to the time of his death. The elements 
which made his business career one of con- 
secutive progress were close application, a 
thorough mastery of every situation, however 
intricate or difficult, and an unflagging perse- 
verance, and his conservative course com- 
mended itself to all who understand the risks 
attendant upon activity in the financial world. 
Mr. Wells was at one time a member of the 
Brooklyn board of trade, and he also held 
membership for some years with the Atlantic 
Yacht Club, but at the time of his demise was 
connected with only the exclusive Hainilton 
Club of Brooklyn. He preferred home to club 
life and was a man of very domestic tastes, 
his interest centering in his family, for whose 
happiness and welfare his best efforts were 
put forth. He ^yas married April 15, 1861, to 
Miss Tuttle, a daughter of William Tuttle, of 
Eastport, Long Island, who was a seafaring 
man. Mr. and Mrs. Wells had six children, 
of whom three are living : Arthur T., a manu- 
facturer of Manhattan ; Charles L, a produce 
merchant ; and Pearson L., who is engaged in 
the practice of patent law. 



HON. WILLIAM COPELAND 
WALLACE. 

Plon. William Copeland' Wallace, lawyer 
and statesman and a leader in thought and 
action in the public life of Brooklyn through 
almost a quarter of a century, was a represen- 
tative of one of the old and honored families 
of the borough. His father, William H. Wal- 
lace, was an iron and steel merchant of Brook- 
lyn. The son, born May 21, 1856, supple- 
mented his preliminary education by a course 



in Adelphi Academy, where he. prepared for 
college, and then entered the Wesleyan Uni- 
versity at Middletown, Connecticut, as a mem- 
ber of the class of 1876, with which he was 
graduated, winning high honors. 

He had early determined to prepare for a 
professional career, and on the completion of 
his literary course entered upon the study of 
law in Columbia College of New York. Fol- 
lowing his admission to the bar he accepted 
a position as clerk of the United States court, 
and in 1880 acted as assistant district attor- 
ney under General Woodford. On the latter's 
retirement from office Mr. Wallace became his 
partner, and the firm was recognized as one 
of the strongest in the city of New York. Mr. 
Wallace continued in the active practice of law 
for almost a quarter of a century. His mind 
was analytical, logical and inductive, and the 
intricate and complex problems of the law he 
mastered with apparent ease. In his practice 
he largely represented corporate interests, and 
was counsel for the Dime Savings Bank of 
Brooklyn, of which he was also a trustee, 
while of the Hamilton Trust Company he was 
a director. 

His influence in political circles was a 
potent factor, and for a number of years his 
opinions carried great weight in the local 
councils of the Republican party. He was 
largely instrumental in organizing the Brook- 
lyn Young Republican Club, and for some 
time was president of the Twentieth Ward 
Republican Association. In 1888 he received 
his party's nomination for Congress from the 
third district, and, resigning the presidency of 
the Young Republican Club, he entered act- 
ively upon campaign work, winning the elec- 
tion by a majority of three' thousand. In the 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



27 



council chambers of the nation he rendered to 
Brooklyn services of great vahie, and through 
his championship important legislation in- 
dicated his progressive and public-spirited 
citizenship. In 1890 he was again made his 
party's candidate for Congress and was again 
opposed by William J. Coombs, who in the 
second contest was successful, and Mr. Wal- 
lace, retiring from office, resumed the private 
practice of law in New York. 

Mr. Wallace married Miss Kate Douglas, a 
native of Middletown, Connecticut, and they 
became the parents of one daughter. They 
were well known in the social circles of Brook- 
lyn, and Mr. Wallace was connected w'ith 
many of the leading clubs of the city, belong- 
ing to the Hamilton, Barnard, Riding and 
Driving, the University, the Lawyers', the 
Players', the Metropolitan Whist and the 
Dyker Meadow clubs, and of the Oxford Club 
he was the first president. He was also a 
member of the Alumni Association of Wes- 
leyan University, and belonged to the Church 
of the Messiah. With strong intellectual en- 
dowments and laudable ambition that won him 
prominence at the bar he combined the ad- 
mirable traits of character which made him 
personally popular and made his death, in 
1904, the occasion of sincere and lasting re- 
gret to his extended circle of friends in Brook- 
lyn and Manhattan. 



SANFORD B. DURYEA. 

Sanford B. Duryea, for more than sixty 
years a resident of Brooklyn, covering the 
entire period of his business career, was born 
in North Hempstead, Long Island, February 
22, 1833. His ancestral history was one of 



long and close connection with this part of the 
Empire state, the Duryea family having been 
established on Long Island at an early period 
in its colonization, while the Willetts and the 
Hewletts, with which he was also connected, 
were associated for an equally extended per- 
iod with events forming the history of Kings 
and Queens counties. 

In his boyhood days Sanford B. Duryea ac- 
companied his parents on their removal to 
Brooklyn, where he acquired his education. 
His attention throughout his business career 
was devoted to photography, and for about 
a third of a century he conducted a studio at 
No. 253 Fulton street, his proficiency gaining 
him prestige as a representative of that art. 
Upon the foundation of close application, un- 
flagging perseverance and native and acquired 
ability, he builded the superstructure of his 
success'. He continued in business until about 
six years prior to his demise, when failing 
health caused his retirement, and he went to 
Los Angeles, California, to visit his son, Carl- 
ton B. Duryea. Benefited by his sojourn in 
the west he then returned to Brooklyn and 
spent his last days in the home of his daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Ernest Smith, where he died March 
19, 1903. 

Mr. Duryea's widow survives him. They 
were the parents of four sons and two daugh- 
ters : Dr. Hesse T. Duryea and Dr. Chester F. 
Duryea, both of Brooklyn; Hewlett F., of 
Westfiekl, Massachusetts ; Carlton B., of Los 
Angeles, California ; Mrs. Ernest Smith ; and 
Mrs. Herbert Frost. 

Mr. Duryea was a member of Amaranth 
Council No. 161, Royal Arcanum, but he 
never cared to enter actively into the social 
and fraternal interests of the city, preferring 



2t 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



to devote his attention, aside from that 
claimed by his business and given to his home, 
to the upbuilding of the Greene Avenue Pres- 
byterian church, of which he was one of the 
organizers. His deep interest in its work 
never faltered and he was a co-operant factor 
in many of its activities. 



SAMUEL WRIGHT BURTIS. 

Among the families that are conspicuous for 
their long and honorable connection with the 
history of New York city and vicinity, may 
be mentioned the name of Burtis, which has 
appeared in association with public and private 
affairs for more than three centuries. The first 
representatives of the family to settle in 
America were three brothers — Abraham, 
Henry and John, who were owners of a farm 
and tobacco plantation on ground now covered 
by the city of New York. Shortly afterward 
they removed to Foster's Meadows, Long 
Island, became extensive land owners, and 
in that neighborhood many of their descend- 
ants resided and were active and prominent 
in the administration of local aflfairs. The 
family narhe was formerly spelled Alburtis, 
and the original founder of the family owned 
a tobacco plantation which extended from the 
Battery, Manhattan, to Wall and' Broad 
streets. Samuel W. Burtis traced his lineage 
to Henry Burtis, above mentioned, who with 
his brothers came to New York in the year 
1642. 

Abrahaili Burtis, father of Samuel W. 
Burtis, resided at Foster's Meadows, Queens 
county, Long Island, on a farm adjoining the 
famous Mannus estate, from whence he re- 
moved to Brooklyn, New York, locating at 



High and Pearl streets. He then engaged in 
the grocery business, and in conjunction with 
this purchased a large amount of real estate, 
and built and sold houses extensively in what 
was then the Eleventh Ward of Brooklyn, 
many of which are still standing as monu- 
ments to his skill and ability. He removed 
from that section of the city to Bridge street, 
between Willoughby and Fulton streets, resid- 
ing there up to the time of his decease. He 
was an active and prominent member of the 
old Dutch Reformed Church in Henry street, 
Brooklyn, serving in the capacity of deacon 
for many years. He was honorable and con- 
scientious in all his transactions with his fel- 
low-men, and well merited the confidence re- 
posed in him. His wife, Hannah (Wright) 
Burtis, bore him ten children, all of whom at- 
tained years of maturity, and three of whom 
are living at the present time (1904). Their 
children were: Martha, Samuel Wright, 
Mary, Hannah, Phoebe, Clarissa, Nathaniel 
M., Abraham, Rhoda S., and Henry M. Bur- 
tis. The maiden name of the mother of Abra- 
ham Burtis (father) was Elizabeth Foster, 
and it is thought probable that some relation- 
ship existed between her family and that of the 
original settler of Foster's Meadows, Long 
Island. 

Samuel Wright Burtis, eldest son of Abra- 
ham and Hannah (Wright) Burtis, was born 
in Foster's Meadows, Long Island, February 
23, 1816. His educational advantages were 
obtained at the common schools in what is 
now Queens county. He was reared on his 
father's farm on the Merrick road, and as- 
sisted with the labors thereof until between the 
age of seventeen and eighteen years, when he 
left home. He then served an apprenticeship at 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



31 



the trade of wheelwright, at Jamaica, but after 
thoroughly mastering all the details turned his 
attention to the grocery and hardware business 
at the corner of High and Bridge streets, then 
the important section of Brooklyn. He then 
for a quarter of a century was engaged in the 
hardware and house furnishing business at 
Myrtle avenue and Duffield street, Brooklyn. 
In i860 he severed his connection with that 
business, and for a number of years there- 
after was actively interested in real estate in- 
vestments, his operations being both extensive 
and successful. Owing to his honorable and 
unsullied reputation in the business circles of 
Brooklyn, he was chosen to serve in the ca- 
pacity of president of the Nassau Building As- 
sociation, director of the Mechanic's Bank, and 
the Phoenix, Lafayette and Montauk Fire In- 
surance Companies of Brooklyn. 

Mr. Burtis- was of a strong religious turn 
of mind, and during his early manhood be- 
came a member of Plymouth Church, which 
was then under the pastoral care of the Rev. 
Henry Ward Beecher. His membership con- 
tinued for twenty-five years, and during that 
time he served both as deacon and usher. He 
filled the latter named position during the 
civil war period, when Mr. Beecher's bitter 
anti-slavery sermons antagonized the luke- 
warm patriots and southern sympathizers, of 
whom there were quite a number in New York 
at that time, and during that period the office 
of usher required the display of considerable 
courage and executive ability. For the last 
thirty years of his life Mr. Burtis was a mem- 
ber of the Lafayette Avenue Presbyterian 
Church, whose pastor at that time was the 
venerable and distinguished theologian, Dr. 
Theodore L. Cuyler. Mr. Burtis was of an 



extremely quiet disposition, and all who came 
to know him were his friends. 

Mr. Burtis married, September 23, 1840, 
Priscilla A. Ludlam, daughter of Nehemiah 
Ludlam, of Jamaica, Long Island, and of the 
seven children born of this union three are 
living at the present time : Samuel E., Mrs. 
Mortimer G. White, and Mary P. Burtis. 
After a brief illness, Mr. Burtis died, August 
3, 1903, in the Colonial Hotel, Kitchawan, 
New York, aged eighty-seven years. His 
wife, Priscilla A. (Ludlam) Burtis, died in 
April, 1891. The funeral services over the 
remains of Mr. Burtis were conducted at his 
late home, 215 Carlton avenue, Brooklyn, and 
the interment was in Greenwood Cemetery. 
The following is an extract from Dr. Cuyler's 
letter of sympathy to the family upon the 
death of his long-time friend, Mr. Burtis, and 
it was read at the services : 

"For more than thirty-five years your father 
has been my sincerely beloved friend. My 
intimate acquaintance with him has enabled 
me to know him thoroughly. I do not hesi- 
tate to say that he was one of the truest, purest, 
kindest and most consecrated Christians I 
have ever known. His religion shone brightly 
every day of the week and everywhere; for 
him to live, was Jesus Christ, and he con- 
tinued to bring forth spiritual fruit in his ven- 
erable old age. The white lilies I brought him 
on his last birthday were emblems of his purity 
and beautv of character." 



JOHN W. BROWN. 

John W. Brown, prominent in the social, 
art and literary circles of Brooklyn, was also 
widely known outside of this city, in connec- 
tion with the important manufacturing enter- 
prise which constituted his life work and in 



32 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



association with the men who are the foremost 
representatives in the United States of this 
line of productive industry. They conferred 
upon him the distinction of leadership in rela- 
tion to the management of affairs affecting 
all, and thus he became a factor in promoting 
legislation relative to the regulation of the 
brewing business throughout the entire coun- 
try. His preparation for the important duties 
thus devolving upon him brought to him a 
knowledge of legislative manipulation and 
parliamentary law that the layman seldom 
possesses, and the result of his investigation 
was given to the Vv^orld in the compilation of 
a valuable work on parliamentary usages. 

Mr. Brown was a native son of Brooklyn, 
born March 22, 1844, his parents being Ar- 
thur A. and Mary A. (Cartwright) Brown, 
who were also natives of this city. In his 
early boyhood days he became a resident of 
Cooperstown, New York, where his youth was 
passed and where he mastered the branches of 
learning usually taught in the public schools 
of this country. He entered upon his busi- 
ness career in New York, where for a number 
of years he was connected with the export 
trade, dealing in malf and hops and incident- 
ally familiarizing himself with the brewing 
business in the establishment founded by his 
father in 1871. The knowledge thus gained 
proved of practical value to him when a few 
years later he became the head of the concern. 
The business was enlarged and incorporated 
in 1877, at which time John W. Brown was 
chosen vice-president, and two years later he 
succeeded to the presidency, upon the death of 
his father in 1879. Many a man of less reso- 
lute spirit or of more limited business capacity 
would have failed in extending the scope of 



this enterprise in accordance with the rapidly 
develpping and therefore constantly changing 
conditions of the business vvorld, but the meth- 
ods and measures instituted by Mr. Brown 
were in full accord with the progressive spirit 
of the times, and the limited brewery with 
which he became connected in the years of his 
early manhood was transformed under his 
guidance until it became one of the largest in 
Brooklyn, and he became one of the best 
known m.en m his line in the United States. 
He believed that the consumption of whole- 
some malt beverages in America was a dis- 
tinct gain for public health, morals and tem- 
perance, and under the influence of this con- 
viction he carried on his business conscien- 
tiously and with enthusiasm. A conscientious 
pui-pose was ever one of the wellsprings of 
his action, and was as strongly manifest in 
his commercial career as in other walks of 
life. He became a recognized leader among 
those who were engaged in the conduct of 
similar enterprises, and at the time that ill- 
ness necessitated his retirement from the act- 
ive business world he was vice-president of 
the United States Brewers' Association and 
the chairman of its most important commit- 
tee, that on federal relations. He was 
chosen at four consecutive elections to the 
presidency of the Ale Brewers' Association of 
New York, his term of service extending over 
a longer period than that of any other presi- 
dent in the history of the organization. For 
several years he was the vice-president of the 
Lager Beer Brewers' Board of Trade of New 
York. 

Mr. Brown was so frequently presiding 
officer at different gatherings that he gained 
a comprehensive and accurate knowledge of 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



33 



parliamentary law, and in 1890 published a 
book on that subject. His study and research 
extended to many lines touching the general 
interests of society. Along business lines he 
was connected with the New York Produce 
Exchange and the Manufacturers' Associa- 
tion ; fraternally, he was a Mason ; and so- 
cially he was identified with the Athletic Club 
and the Montauk Club of Brooklyn. His in- 
terest was never half-hearted for whatever 
elicited his attention received from him loyal 
support and, if circumstances warranted, his 
active co-operation. His appreciation and love 
of art were manifest in the many beautiful 
paintings and works of statuary which 
adorned his home, making his one oi the most 
valuable private collections in Brooklyn. 

Mr. Brown was married in 1865 to Miss 
Lilla Whitcomb of Brooklyn, who survives 
him, together with their two daughters and 
a son. The duties of business and the de- 
mands of social life were never so great that 
he allowed them to encroach upon the time 
which he devoted to the welfare and happi- 
ness of his family, and their home at No. 137 
is noted for its elegance and comfort as well 
as its art treasures. While he achieved suc- 
cess in business and local prominence in social 
nfe, he was without that personal ambition 
which caused one to seek to figure conspicu- 
ous before the public in office, being content 
to spend his life among those with whom he 
was reared and in the enjoyment of the ties 
of friendship and home, 



public-school system and who at the time of 
his death was district superintendent of 
schools in Brooklyn, was born in Auburn, 
Maine. His early educational privileges were 
supplemented by a course of instruction in 
Bates College in Lewiston, Maine, and he was 
a gi'aduate of that institution. He then en- 
tered upon educational work, for which his 
native talent, acquired ability and taste well 
fitted him, and he won an enviable reputation 
as an educator. For several years he was su- 
perintendent of the schools of Jersey City, and 
resigned that position in order to become dis- 
trict superintendent of schools in Brooklyn. 

Professor Haskell's widow survives him. 
They occupied an enviable position in cultured 
society circles of this borough. They had a 
summer home at Falmouth Foreside. Pro- 
fessor Haskell was laid to rest in the cemetery 
in his native town of Auburn, Maine. 



CHARLES S. HASKELL. 

Charles Sumner Haskell, who throughout 
his business career was connected with the 



HERMAN GERDES. 

Herman Gerdes, deceased, well known be- 
cause of his active connection with the real 
estate business of the borough of Brooklyn 
and ranking high in local fraternal circles, 
was born in Germany, and his death occurred 
when he was in his sixtieth year. For a quar- 
ter of a century he made his home in Brook- 
lyn and throughout that period was engaged 
in the real estate business. He secured a good 
clientage, and the extent and importance of 
his operations resulted in winning for him 
prosperity, while his reliable and progressive 
business methods won for him the confidence 
and trust of the business world. Mr. Gerdes 
was well known in the Odd Fellows and Ma- 
sonic lodges. He served as chaplain of Charles 



34 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



T. Smith Lodge No. 348, I. O. O. R, and 
was grand secretary for the state of New 
York for Peter Cooper Lodge No. 119, O. D. 
H. S. He was also treasurer of the Peter 
Cooper Accumulating Association. He held 
membership in Schiller Lodge No. 304, F. & 
A. M., and in Brooklyn Chapter No. 221, 
O. E. S. 

Mr. Gerdes married Miss Sophia Gorlich, 
and they became the parents of four sons and 
a daughter : Herman, Arthur, John, Henry 
and Gesine. To the welfare and happiness of 
his family he was greatly devoted, and his 
loyalty in friendship was also numbered 
among his salient characteristics. 



WILLIAM HARTLEY DOLE. 

William Hartley Dole, to those who knew 
him through business relations, was a man 
of unquestioned probity, of keen sagacity and 
of unabating energy, while those who came 
within the circle of his intimate friendship 
recognized in him a nobility of character, a 
charm of manner and a cordial, unaffected dis- 
position that awakened their admiration and 
won respect and love. 

Mr. Dole was born in Maine on the 28th 
of October, 1835, and spent his youth and 
the years of his early manhood in New Eng- 
land. Llaving completed his education he en- 
tered upon his business career in Boston, 
Massachusetts, and when in the prime of life 
removed to Brooklyn, conducting a grain busi- 
ness at 44 Pearl street of Manhattan up to 
within a year of his death. His name in 
trade circles was a synonym for business in- 
tegrity and fair dealing, and a high measure 
of success followed his enterprising and in- 



telligently directed efforts. When he retired 
from business he was one of the leading mer- 
chants in his special branch of grain trade in 
the eastern part of this country. 

Mr. Dole married and had two children : 
Frank, who is engaged in business in Buf- 
falo, New York, and Jane. For many years 
the family home was at No. i Varona Place, but 
for about a year prior to his death Mr. Dole 
with his wife and daughter resided at the Hotel 
St. George in Brooklyn. He was very devoted 
to his family, finding his greatest happiness in 
ministering to his wife and children. He was 
for more than two decades numbered among 
the highly esteemed and useful citizens of 
Brooklyn, and was at all times actuated by 
high and honorable motives that made his life 
record worthy of the greatest respect. His 
life was largely the embodiment of the golden 
rule, and while he sought to be good to all 
his kindliness, his charity and benevolences 
were entirely without ostentation, and in fact, 
all display was to him utterly abhorrent. Be- 
cause of this, comparatively few recognized 
the true depth of his generosity and the 
breadth of his helpful nature. The circle of 
his friends was select rather than large, but 
in the minds of those who knew him intimate- 
ly his memory is enshrined because of the 
greatness of his character, the quiet charm of 
his manner and his unfaltering fidelity to duty. 



DANIEL W. McWILLIAMS. 

Daniel W. McWilliams, prominent in rail- 
way affairs, and deeply interested in education 
and kindred causes, residing in Brooklyn, was 
born in Hamptonburgh, Orange county, New 




I^oJLjL y^^^#«^^:^=^^*-.S 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



37 



York, May 29, 1837. His parents were John 
A. McWilliams and Susan A., daughter of 
Daniel Wilkin. 

He was educated in the academies at Mont- 
gomery and Elmira, giving particular atten- 
tion to civil engineering. At the age of eigh- 
teen he became connected with and continued 
for two years with the engineering corps of 
the New York & Erie Railroad, then engaged 
in straightening and double-tracking the lines 
of that company. For five years following he 
wai employed in the Chemung Canal Bank 
at Elmira, New York, controlled by Hon. John 
Arnot. In March, 1861, he was elected secre- 
tary and treasurer of the Toledo, Peoria & 
Western Railroad Company, with office in 
Peoria, Illinois, where he remained five and 
one-half years. After the successful reor- 
ganization of that railroad he returned east, 
having accepted a confidential position in the 
banking house of Henry G. Marquand, after- 
wards becoming a partner. 

When Hon. Thomas Allen and Mr. Henry 
G. Marquand bought the St. Louis & Iron 
Mountain Railroad from the State of Mis- 
souri, they extended that road southward to 
the Mississippi River, and also built three 
other lines, all of which became the consoli- 
dated St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern 
Railroad, and constituting one of the important 
railroad enterprises of our country. During 
this time and for a period of twelve years Mr. 
McWilliams was treasurer of these various 
roads. In November, 1881, he resigned to ac- 
cept the position of secretary and treasurer of 
the Manhattan Railway Company. In 1903 he 
was elected treasurer of the Manhattan Rail- 
way Division of the Interborough Rapid 
Transit Company, and in August, 1905, treas- 



urer of the last named company. He was one 
of the incorporators of the Kings County 
Trust Company in 1889, and has been a di- 
rector and one of the vice-presidents from that 
time to the present. He was an early director 
of the Fulton Bank of Brooklyn, and when 
that institution was coqsolidated with the 
Mechanics' Bank he becajne a member of the 
latter's board of directors. He is also a di- 
rector of the Standard Coupler Company, and 
of the Underwood Typewriter Company. 

He was appointed by Mayor Wurster one 
of the original directors of the Brooklyn Pub- 
lic Library, was elected vice-president, and 
continued in that capacity until the consolida- 
tion with the Brooklyn Library. Andrew 
Carnegie and the city of New York named 
him, in association with Hon. David A. 
Boody, Hon. R. Ross Appleton and John W. 
Devoy, as their representatives in the building 
of the Brooklyn branches of the Carnegie Pub- 
lic Libraries. He is also a trustee and the 
treasurer of the Polytechnic Institute of 
Brooklyn. 

In 1858, having just attained his majority, 
he united with the First Presbyterian Church 
of Elmira, New York. He became superin- 
tendent of its Sunday school, which was held 
in the morning, and he also superintended a 
mission Sunday school held in the afternoon 
in the suburbs. On removing to Peoria he 
united with the Second Presbyterian Church. 
With others, he instituted a Sunday school in 
a passenger car on the Qiicago & Rock Island 
Railroad, in a ward where there was no place 
of worship, and from this little beginning 
grew in time the now flourishing Gracfe Pres- 
byterian Church. 

In 1866 he united with the Lafavette Ave- 



38 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



nue Presbyterian Church, Brooklyn, the Rev. 
Theodore L. Cuyler, D. D., pastor, and for 
several years served as an elder. Soon after 
identifying himself with this church he be- 
came assistant superintendent of the Cumber- 
land Street Chapel Sunday school. In 1874 
he was elected superintendent of the Lafayette 
Aveune Church Sunday school, and served as 
such during a period of twenty-seven years, 
continuing (one year excepted) uninterrupted- 
ly until 1902. He has long been a member of 
the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presby- 
terian Church, and of the advisory committee 
on evangelistic work of the General Assem- 
bly of the Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. McWilliams has always been deeply in- 
terested in the work of the Young Men's 
Christian Association. He was one of the 
founders (in 1858) of the Elmira Association. 
He served for two terms as president of the 
Brooklyn Association, and is a director and 
one of its board of trustees which has control 
of its real estate and endowment fund, and 
secretary and treasurer of the board of trus- 
tees, and is also a member' of the advisory 
board of the Interna:tional Committee of the 
Young Men's Christian Association. He is 
a trustee of the Brooklyn Young Women's 
Christian Association ; an honorary vice-presi- 
dent of the American Sunday School Union ; a 
trustee of the Foreign Sunday School Union ; a 
trustee of the Bible Teachers' Training School, 
New York city; a member of the advisory 
board of the Brooklyn City Mission and Tract 
Society; and a member of the advisory board 
of the Brooklyn Home for Consumptives. 

He was elected a trustee of the Northfield 
Seminary at its organization, and out of his 
share as residuary legatee under the will of 



Frederick Marquand he erected "Marquand 
Hall," which has become so well known in 
connection with the institution. He was also 
trustee and treasurer of the D. L. Moody 
Memorial Endowment Fund of the three 
Moody schools. The latter position was one 
which peculiarly appealed to him from the fact 
that in Chicago, in 1861, he made the acquaint- 
ance of the great evangelist, between whom 
and himself sprang up an intimate friendship 
which was destined to be lifelong. 

Mr. McWilliams married Miss Helen 
Frances Marquand, daughter of Mr. Josiah 
P. Marquand, of New York. 



CHARLES H. BASS. 

Charles H. Bass, who was a leading and in- 
fluential factor in public life in Brooklyn in 
an early epoch of the city's development and 
who throughout his business career was iden- 
tified with mining interests, eventually becom- 
ing a mine owner and operator, for many 
years president of the Florencedale Coal Com- 
pany, was born in New Brunswick, New 
Jersey, m 1826. In his early boyhood he ac- 
companied his parents on their removal to 
Pottsville, Pennsylvania, and, reared in that 
mining district, his early business life was 
naturally one of close connection with what 
was the leading industry of that portion of 
the country, He gradually worked his way 
upward in the business world, and his ca- 
pacity for successful management was shown 
during his long incumbency in the presidency 
of the Florencedale Coal Company. He studied 
closely the possibilities for the expansion of 
the business and placed his dependence upon 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



39 



the sure qualities of energy, honorable dealing 
and progressiveness. His operations were 
therefore crowned with a high measure of 
success, and his property possessions were 
long such as to render him one of the substan- 
tial citizens of Brooklyn. 

Mr. Bass made his home in Brooklyn for 
fifty years, spending that entire period at No. 
300 Union street. He was classed among the 
older residents of that section of Brooklyn and 
was a member of the Society of Old Brook- 
lynites. Public affairs in an early day claimed 
his deep interest and oftentimes his hearty 
co-operation, and as a public-spirited citizen 
he took an active part in everything pertain- 
ing to general progress and improvement. His 
political allegiance was given to the Republi- 
can party. 

Mr. Bass is survived by his two daughters 
and one son, Mrs. William S. Hopkins, Mrs. 
William G. Dean and Albert R. He died 
April 26, 1904, when in his seventy-eighth 
year. His was a kindly, benevolent spirit 
which shone forth from his eyes and made the 
expression of his face such as won confidence, 
respect and honor. 



GEORGE PRENTISS COMEY. 

George Prentiss Comey, whose identifica- 
tion with the business interests of Brooklyn 
as a manufacturer of straw goods covered 
nearly fifteen years and whose progression in 
the commercial world to the head of .a lead- 
ing establishment in his line was the direct 
result of his close application, earnest effort 
and sound, reliable judgment, was born in 
Foxboro, Massachusetts, Miarch 30, 1825. 
The family was of Scotch lineage. 



In his boyhood days Mr. Comey attended 
the public schools of his native state, and 
when twenty-foui- years of age he sought a 
broader field of labor in the business oppor- 
tunities of Brooklyn, where he entered the 
employ of a firm engaged in the manufacture 
of straw goods. There he applied himself so 
diligently to the mastery of the tasks assigned 
him and showed such aptitude in learning the 
business in both principle and detail that he 
won consecutive promotion and eventually be- 
came the senior member of the firm control- 
ling the house which he first entered in a 
humble capacity. The business was conducted 
under the firm style of Rogers, Comey & Com- 
pany at No. 584 Broadway, Brooklyn, and the 
output of the house was increased year after 
year owing to the excellent reputation won by 
the firm by reason of honorable business 
methods and the superior quality of its manu- 
factured goods. Having accumulated a com- 
fprtable fortune Mr. Comey retired from Act- 
ive connection with manufacturing interests 
and spent his last six years in the enjoyment 
of a well merited rest. 

Mr. Comey was married in early manhood, 
and he and his wife became the parents of a 
son and three daughters who are yet living : 
George Prentiss ; Mrs. John J. Bate ; Mrs. El- 
lison, the wife of Rev. Dr. D. J. Ellison, of 
Indianapolis, Indiana; and an unmarried 
daughter. As his financial resources per- 
mitted, Mr. Comey became a generous sup- 
porter of various benevolent, church and mis- 
sionary organizations and contributed liber- 
ally to the educational institutions connected 
with the church. He was long a member 
and zealous worker in the Strong Place Bap- 
tist church, in which he held the office of 



40 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



deacon. Death came to him suddenly on the 
6th of January, 1903, when he was going 
from his home at No. 225 DeGraw street, 
Brooklyn, to Manhattan, Physicians gave the 
cause of his death as heart failure. He passed 
away at the age of seventy-eight years, leav- 
ing behind a record of business activity 
crowned with success and characterized by 
all that is honorable in man's relations with 
his fellow men. 



CAPTAIN SAMUEL McINDOE. 

Captain Samuel Mclndoe, deceased, who 
was a veteran of the naval service of the 
Mexican and Civil wars and a well known 
shipbuilder and navigator, was born in Glas- 
gow, Scotland, in 1829, and from his earliest 
boyhood had a deep attachment for the sea. 
In fact, it had such a fascination for him 
that when ten years of age he ran away from 
home and became a stowaway on board a ves- 
sel sailing for South America. After the ves- 
sel sailed he was made a cabin boy, and his 
deep interest in nautical affairs and the knowl- 
edge which he gained through intelligent in- 
quiry and observation made him within a year 
as familiar with a boat, its construction and 
its operation as an ordinary sailor. He re- 
mained on the sea until he had attained his 
majority, when he became identified with ship- 
building interests, and was soon regarded as 
an expert in that line. He built many clipper 
vessels, including the William Douglas, which 
was considered the most rapid boat of its type 
afloat in the '50s. It was more like a schooner 
yacht than a freight vessel, and made a mar- 
velous run between Baracoa, Cuba, and New 



York that became a matter of sea-faring his- 
tory. 

Captain Mclndoe served as a member of 
both the English and American navies, being 
connected with the latter during the Mexican 
war, and when public sentiment in the United 
States was divided over the slavery question 
and the rights of secession he espoused the 
cause of the north and at the time of the Civil 
war served under Admiral Farragut on the 
flagship Hartford. Although born across the 
water there was nO' more loyal defender of 
the Union or one more faithful to his duties 
as a representative of the naval service. When 
hostiHties had ceased Captain Mclndoe turned 
his attention to the fruit trade, and at different 
times was the commander of a number of sail- 
ing vessels carrying fruit cargoes. When the 
United Fruit Company was organized in Man- 
hattan he became manager of its shipping in- 
terests and was thus identified with the busi- 
ness for many years. At length at the earnest 
solicitation of his children he retired from 
business life when about seventy years of age, 
but maintained his deep interest in all naval 
affairs, and a short time prior tO' his death ex- 
pressed the desire to make one more voyage 
upon the deep sea. During the course of his 
business connection with the West Indies in 
the fruit-shipping trade he learned to speak 
the Spanish language fluently and he made 
many friends on those islands. His residence 
in Brooklyn covered many years, and in this 
borough he gained the warm personal regard 
and esteem of the large majority of those with 
whom he came in contact. His life was at 
all times actuated by honorable and manly 
principles and by a religious faith which was 
manifested in his daily career. He long held 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



41 



membership in the Green Avenue Baptist 
church and was one of its deacons. 

Captain Mclndoe and his wife became the 
parents of two sons and three daughters, who 
arc yet living, namely : Sheridan and Eugene 
Mclndoe, Mrs. George A. When, Mrs. James 
Ralston and Miss Mabel Mclndoe. The death 
of Captain Mclndoe occurred on the' 25th of 
January, 1904. 



HENRY D. POLHEMUS. 

Henry D. Polhemus, who figured promi- 
nently in the business and social life of Brook- 
lyn during the days of its villagehood and also 
during the period of its metropolitan promi- 
nence, was the last in his line of a family that 
has been represented on Long Island for al- 
most two hundred and fifty years. He was 
a descendant of the Rev. Johanas Theodosius 
Polhemus, who came frorn Holland to Amer- 
ica in 1655 "^nd was pastor of the First Dutch 
Reformed church on Long Island. He had 
gone as a missionary from the Netherlands to 
Itamarca, Brazil, whence he sailed for North 
America, and entered upon his ministerial la- 
bor at Flatbush. Successive generations of 
the family resided upon a farm which covered 
a district now bounded on twO' sides by Fifth 
avenue and President street, Brooklyn, and 
the family home which stood near the inter- 
section of those thoroughfares was the birth- 
place of Henry D. Polhemus, who was the 
youngest of the four sons of Theodore Pol- 
hemus. His brothers, Theodore, Jr., and Dit- 
mas Polhemus, are deceased, and the sister, 
Mrs. J. B. King, is living in Europe. 

Henry D. Polhemus was born in 1830, and 



throughout his entire life made Brooklyn his 
home, although in his later years he spent sev- 
eral months of each year in travel and recre- 
ation in other parts of the country. His edu- 
cation was acquired in the public schools, and 
he then entered upon a business career in 
which he made steady advancement, finding 
in each transition stage opportunity for further 
development and greater scope for more ex- 
tensive investments until he eventually be- 
came connected with many of the financial 
and commerial interests and productive in- 
dustries that constitute the basis of Brooklyn's 
business activity and prosperity. His name 
figured in mercantile circles for many years. 
About the time of the Civil war he became an 
active partner in the firms of Fox & Polhemus 
and of Brinkerhoff & Polhemus, connections 
which were maintained for a long period. The 
latter firm, located in Beaver street, Manhat- 
tan, was engaged in the manufacture and sale 
of ducking and was awarded a number of 
large contracts by the government. Mr. Pol- 
hemus became a director of many organiza- 
tions including the Long Island Bank, the 
Brooklyn Gas Light Company, the American 
District Telegraph Company, the Brooklyn 
Heights Railroad Company, the Delaware, 
Lackawanna & Western Railroad Company, 
and the Morris & Essex Railroad Company. 
His sound business judgment and counsel 
were also sought in other fields outside the 
strict path of business activity, and he became 
a trustee of the Eye and Ear Hospital, a di- 
rector of the Brooklyn Academy of Music 
and of the Long Island Historical Society. He 
was especially interested in the last named and 
delighted in the research and investigation 
which preserved the annals of the island and 



42 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



the events constituting the record of its ad- 
vancement and achievements. 

In the early days before Brooklyn took up- 
on itself the metropolitan proportions which 
made necessary the conversion of various pub- 
lic services into paid departments of the city 
government, he belonged to the volunteer fire 
department as a member of Engine Company 
No. 14, located in Pierrepont street. No. 14 
had a hand engine, and the company was the 
pride of the Heights, all of the best families 
of the district being represented among . its 
members. Mr. Polhemus also took great de- 
light in outdoor sports and won considerable 
local fame as a baseball player, belonging to 
Excelsior team, one of the notable amateur 
teams of the borough at that day. It was 
the members of this team who eventually be- 
came the organizers of the Riding and Driv- 
ing Club of Brooklyn. Mr. Polhemus was 
identified with the leading social organizations 
of the borough. He was president of the 
Brooklyn Club at the time of his death, hav- 
ing been elected in March, 1894, to succeed 
ex-secretary of the navy, B. F. Tracy. He 
had been a director of the club for twenty-sev- 
en years and was its vice president for three 
years. He was president of the St. Nicholas 
Society of Brooklyn ; president of the Cutty- 
hunk Fish Club; vice president of the Rob- 
bins Island Club and a member of the Mon- 
tauk, Hamilton and Germania clubs and the 
New York and Larchmont Yacht clubs. He 
was the owner of the yacht Reckless. Each 
year he went to the Chesapeake for duck 
snooting and would entertain a number of his 
friends on the Reckless, which he kept sup- 
plied wi1h every thing that he thought might 
be needed by any, even to extra suits of cloth- 



ing, and it is said that on more than one 
occasion some of his friends of small stature 
would appear in the habiliments of their host, 
—a man of large proportions and fine phy- 
sique. ' Before going to the Chesapeake Mr. 
Polhemus usually spent some time in hunting 
in the Adirondacks and on his sojourn in the 
southern district would spend some time at 
Poland Springs, the remainder of the year 
being passed at his Brooklyn home. 

Mr. Polhemus married Miss Herriman, a 
daughter of W. H. Herriman. She survives 
him, his death having occurred on the 13th 
of February, 1895. They had no children of 
their own, but his nephew, John King, was 
a member of their household for many years 
and came to be regarded in the light of an 
adopted son. Their home was noted for its 
open-hearted and gracious hospitality, which 
Mr. Polhemus also carried with him into his 
club life, and which, combined with the many 
admirable traits of his character — his sterling 
manhood, his progressive ideas, his kindly dis- 
position and genial temperament — rendered 
him very popular with his friends, who were 
numbered by the hundreds. 



JAMES A. TAYLOR. 

James A. Taylor, deceased, whose career of 
intense and well directed activity won him a , 
foremost position in connection with the indus- 
trial interests of Brooklyn, was also a repr ■- 
sentative of that class of our American citizen- 
ship who, while advancing individual prosper- 
ity, also enhance the general welfare through 
the promotion of movements or the establish- 
ment of enterprises having direct bearing upon 




The Le^is Ptihlishw*^ Co 



WTB^ther. tiY. 



J'AMES A, TAYLOR, 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



45 



the commercial activity and consequent up- 
building of their respective communities. Such 
a man was James A. Taylor, and while the de- 
velopment of his extensive business chiefly 
claimed his attention, he was yet a cooperant 
factor in many interests that have contributed 
to Brooklyn's progress. 

Brooklyn was the city of his birth, his natal 
day being March 9, 1834. He was the eldest 
of twelve children born unto William and 
Maria (Stoddart) Taylor. His father was 
born near Manchester, Englatid, in 1812, and 
at an early age he was apprenticed to an iron 
founder. When but six months of his term 
of service had expired, his parents emigrated 
to America, leaving him in the hands of a 
master who was often very harsh in his treat- 
ment of the lad, who, however, worked stead- 
ily on for two years, when, unable longer to 
endure the longing for family ana kindred, he, 
too, crossed the Atlantic. He visited with his 
parents in New Jersey for a brief period, and 
then completed his trade, after which he was 
employed successively as a journeyman in 
Brooklyn, New York and Connecticut. His 
proficiency secured his appointment to the po- 
sition of foreman in Birkbeck's foundry of 
Brooklyn, and he- afterward had charge of a 
foundry in Connecticut, but laudable ambition 
and persistent endeavor took him out of the 
ranks of the employed to the position of the 
employer, and in March, 1844, he established a 
small foundry of his own in the rear of a 
dwelling on Gold street, Brooklyn. His work, 
carefully and thoroughly done, was its own 
recommendation, and his patronage steadily in- 
creased, justifying in the following year the 
purchase of a lot on Adams street ' and the 
erection of a small foundry. His product at 



first was casting pillars and railing, but, with 
the growth of the business and the enlarge- 
ment of the plant from year to year, he began 
the manufacture of all kinds of machinery, 
especially hydraulic presses for the manufac- 
ture of linseed and cotton seed -oil. In the 
meantime the growth of the business had led 
William Taylor to admit his sons to a part- 
nership, and under the name of the Columbia 
Iron Works, and the firm style of William 
Taylor & Sons, the business was conducted 
with ever-increasing success. 

William Taylor extended his eflforts to other 
fields of labor for both his advancement in 
the business world and for the promotion of 
enterprises of marked benefit to the city. He 
was for some years a director in the Lafayette 
Insurance Company, and in June, 1879, was 
appointed a trustee of the Brooklyn Bridge, 
serving op the finance committee during his 
term of office. From a humble beginning he 
rose to a position of power and prominence 
in business circles of Brooklyn, controlling 
an enterprise that brought him wealth, and 
throughout his entire career his integrity and 
fairness stood as unquestioned facts. His po- 
litical support was given the Whig and after- 
ward the Republican party, and he belonged 
to Christ Episcopal church, of which he was 
for many years a vestryman. In April, 1883, he 
and his wife celebrated their golden wedding, 
and it was six years later when Mr. Taylor's 
death occurred. He attained the advanced age 
of seventy-seven years, passing away June 17, 
1889. 

James A. Taylor, having acquired his edu- 
cation in Columbia Institute, at that time a 
leading school of Brooklyn, entered upon his 
business career at the age of sixteen years in 



46 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



the establishment and under the direction of 
his father, whose practical experience, com- 
bined with the son's ready adaptability and 
laudable endeavor, soon made the latter very 
proficient in the business methods whereby its 
financial affairs were controlled. His admis- 
sion to a partnership came in July, 1856, when 
the firm of Taylor, Campbell & Company was 
organized, a relation that was maintained un- 
til July, 1861, when Mr. Campbell withdrew, 
and later Edwin S. and William J. Taylor, 
also sons of William Taylor, Sr., were ad- 
mitted. The business began in 1844 grew to 
mammoth proportions, and in the course of 
years the plant was increased by the erection 
of one building after another until the ground 
covered comprised thirteen full city lots. The 
Columbian Iron Works are the oldest existing 
iron manufacturing plant in Brooklyn, and 
are second to none in the .extent of output. 
One of the specialties of the company's manu- 
facture is hydraulic presses of all sorts for the 
expression of the oil from cotton seed and 
linseed, and another is the building of refrig- 
erating machines. The firm of William Tay- 
lor & Sons furnished employment to several 
hundred workmen and the volume of trade 
constantly increased under the careful guidance 
of James A. Taylor, who at his father's death 
became the head of the enterprise, the scope of 
which he extended in keeping with the ad- 
vancement continually being made in connec- 
tion with the great productive industries of 
the country. 

The Taylor home, at No. 106 Wilson street, 
Brooklyn, became one of the art and musical 
as well as social centers of the city. On the 
8th of December, 1857, James A. Taylor was 
married to Isabel Cross, the second daughter 



of the late Hon. John A. Cross. Two years 
later they took up their abode in the home 
which was. his place of residence until his de- 
mise, and which he erected in 1858. When 
twenty-five years had passed they celebrated 
their silver wedding, December 8, 1882, and it 
has since been remembered as one of the dis- 
tinct social successes of that year. They be- 
came the parents of three daughters and one 
son, but the boy died at the age of fourteen 
years, and one daughter in early childhood, 
so that the living members of the family are 
Mrs. Taylor and her daughters, Mrs. John 
Kelshaw and Miss Jennie Taylor. The death 
of Mr. Taylor occurred August 19, 1903, when 
he was in his seventieth year. 

"If Mr. Taylor possessed a distinguishing 
characteristic," said one who knew him well, 
"it is probity. In business and in all the rela- 
tions of hfe his conduct was dictated by a pro- 
found regard for his own word and the rights 
of his fellowmen, and he was honored and re- 
spected by all with whom he mingled, socially 
and commercially." His interest in matters of 
municipal and national concern was such as 
every true and intelligent citizen must feel in 
the public weal. He voted with the Republi- 
can party because of a firm belief in its prin- 
ciples as a power for good in governmental 
affairs, but he could never be prevailed upon 
to become a candidate for political preferment, 
save that he was once a member of the Ward 
Association of the Nineteenth Ward and acted 
as a member of its finance committee. He be- 
came a charter member of the Windsor Club 
of Brooklyn, which he served as president ; 
was one of the original members of the Han- 
over Club ; and his long connection with the 
Undine Fishing Club gained him the title of 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



47 



Commodore, by which name he was well 
known among his social acquaintances. A 
vestryman of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, his 
efforts for its upbuilding were far-reaching, 
while his interest in its welfare and various 
activities was deep and abiding. 



JAMES HOWELL. 

In the death of James Howell, ex-mayor of 
Srooklyn and late president of the New York 
and Brooklyn Bridge, which occurred at his 
late residence, 8 South Portland avenue, in 
his sixty-eighth year, the borough of Brook- 
lyn, New York, has suffered an almost irrep- 
arable loss. He was a man of splendid in- 
tellectual attainments, nobility of character, 
striking personality and would have attained 
a large degree of success in any walk of life 
he chose to enter. He possessed an indomit- 
able will coupled with untiring energy and in- 
dustry, threw his whole life and soul into any 
plan or enterprise in which he happened to be 
engaged, and almost invariably succeeded in 
overcoming difficulties that would have driven 
to despair a less courageous man. 

James Howell was born in Bradford, Wilt- 
shire, England, October i6, 1829, and when 
six years of age came to the United States 
with his parents, who settled in New Lisbon, 
Ohio, which was then known as the far west. 
His early education was received in the frontier 
schools of that state during the short winter 
months, and during the summer he cleared 
the forests with his axe and worked on his 
father's farm. Frequently during the closing 
years of his life he referred to those days 
spent in Ohio as the happiest he had ever 



known. He came to Brooklyn at the age of 
sixteen years, and his first business experience 
was gained in a grocery store, where he 
served as general chore-boy for a short period 
of time. This business not proving congenial 
to his tastes and inclinations, he abandoned it 
and became an apprentice in an iron foundry, 
where after serving his time he continued to 
work and finally was promoted tO' the posi- 
tion of foreman. After serving in this ca- 
pacity until 1855, he determined to engage in 
business on his own account, and with a capi- 
tal of two hundred and twenty-five dollars 
which he saved by the strictest economy he 
established an iron foundry in his own name. 
Out of this small investment has grown the 
extensive trade conducted for many years un- 
der the name of Howell & Saxton, employ- 
ing several hands. For several years past this 
foundry has been closed, but although the busi- 
ness is still conducted at the Adams street 
offices Mr. Howell, for a number of years 
prior to his death, was not actively identified 
with it. 

For many years Mr. Howell was a resi- 
dent of the Eleventh ward of Brooklyn, and 
in 1864 his public life began with his election 
as supervisor of the ward. He was re-elected 
for the following term and also served in 
the board of aldermen. In 1877 the Demo- 
crats considered him the most available candi- 
date to reclaim the city from Republican rule, 
and he received the nomination as mayor, his 
opponent having been John F. Henry, and the 
election resulted in the defeat of the Repub- 
lican candidate by three thousand majority. 
Mayor Howell became an official head of the 
municipal government at the time when the 
city had not recovered from the financial crisis 



48 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



of 1873, ^""i was yet feeling the effects of the 
depleted treasury. Retrenchment was made the 
watchword of the administration and his re- 
ward came in 1879, when he was renominated 
and defeated Franklin Woodruff by a major- 
ity of twelve thousand. Among the notable 
events of Mayor Howell's administration was 
the adoption by seventeen of the aldermen 
of a resolution granting the elevated 
railroad franchise over his veto and in 
defiance of an injunction of the supreme 
court, for which they, were sentenced to im- 
prisonment in the jail. Still another notable 
event was the establishment of the office of 
the executive of the municipal government at 
a private residence ; this happened at a time 
when Mayor Howell was sick and the pres- 
ident of the board of aldermen, who was act- 
ing mayor, attempted to make appointments. 
In opposition to the sentiments of many of 
his friends, Mayor Howell accepted the nom- 
ination for a third term in 1881. The Inde- 
pendent Democrats nominated General Slocum 
and the Republicans made Seth Low their 
candidate ; the campaign was one of the most 
exciting in the history of this city, and 
through strenuous effort on the part of the 
Republicans and the division of the Demo- 
cratic forces Seth Low was elected by a ma- 
jority of nearly three thousand. 

Upon the death of Henry C. Murphy, Mr. 
Howell was appointed a bridge trustee in 
1883, and when in 1885 James S. T. Strana- 
han failed to receive reappointment, he was 
made president at a salary of $5,000. He was 
deposed from the office of president of the 
bridge trustees for one term owing to changes 
in the politics of the board, but regained the 
office at the next election and held it until the 



day of his death. His services as the execu- 
tive head of bridge affairs were of great value 
to the cities, as ever since the day he assumed 
control he was most energetic and industrious 
in introducing every possible modern im- 
provement on that structure and took an act- 
ive and leading part in planning the recent 
improvements in the shape of new terminals 
and electric motor cars. 

Mr. Howell was a member and regular at- 
tendant of the Hanson Place Methodist Epis- 
copal church, and contributed liberally to the 
funds and charities of that organization. He 
was also prominent in Masonic circles, and 
almost since his first residence here was a 
member of three Masonic divisions of this 
city. The same zeal and energy that char- 
acterized his efforts in every enterprise with 
which he was connected were exhibited in 
his Masonic career, and io i860 he was made 
a master Mason in Joppa Lodge No. 201. In 
1863 he was made junior warden, the fol- 
lowing year was appointed senior warden, 
and from 1865 to 1868 served as master. He 
joined Stella Lodge in 1875, but his other 
duties prevented him from taking a very act- 
ive part in the work. He was exalted a Royal 
Arch Mason in Brooklyn Chapter and was cre- 
ated and dubbed sir knight in Clinton Com- 
mandery No. 14. 

For six months prior to his death Mr. 
Howell suffered from a complication of dis- 
eases, and during the last few weeks of his 
life his demise was expected from hour to 
hour. For a few days he lay in a semi- 
conscious condition, and his death came while 
asleep and was entirely free from pain. The 
end was anticipated by the attending physi- 
cian, Dr. Calvin F. Barber, and the members 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



49 



of the family, which inchtded Mrs. Howell, 
two daughters and one son, were at his bed- 
side when he passed away. The funeral ser- 
vices were held in the Hanson Place Meth- 
odist Episcopal church of Brooklyn. By 
Mayor Wurster's direction fiags were dis- 
played at half mast on all the municipal build- 
ings as soon as the news of his death reached 
the City Hall. At the bridge the news came 
as a great shock in spite of the fact that it 
was expected ; by order of the bridge trustees 
a forty foot flag was displayed at half mast 
on top of each of the bridge towers. A por- 
trait of the deceased president which hangs in 
the offices of the trustees was twined around 
with a wreath of smilax, ferns and lilies, 
and the chair of the president in which Mr. 
Howell sat daily for the many years he was 
connected with bridge afifairs was carefully 
turned around and left unoccupied during the 
day. A special meeting of the bridge trustees 
was held in order to take immediate action 
upon the death of Mr. Howell, and also to 
pass resolutions of sympathy to be extended 
to the bereaved family. A special meeting of 
the Mechanics' and Traders' Exchange was 
held, resolutions of condolence were adopted 
and a representative committee appointed to 
attend the funeral; Mr. Howell was for many 
years a member of the exchange and its pres- 
ident for a number of terms. The successor 
of Mr. Howell as bridge trustee was appointed 
by Mayor Wurster. Mr. Howell was dis- 
tmctly a self-made man ; he came to this city 
with hardly a dollar to his name and by 
energy and industry became the head of the 
municipal government besides acquiring a 
fortune estimated by his business associates 
as over one million dollars. 



HENRY R. HAWLEY. 

For more than fifty years Henry R. Haw- 
ley was a resident of Brooklyn and through 
a long period was connected with the Brpok- 
lyn City Railroad Company as master me- 
chanic. He was born in New York city No- 
vember 1 6, 1834, and in early life learned the 
machinist trade, in which great department of 
industrial activity he won consecutive ad- 
vancement through close application and un- 
tiring labor. For many years he filled the 
position of master mechanic with the Central 
Railroad of New Jersey and during sixteen 
years of this time made his home at Hampton 
Junction, New Jersey. It was subsequent to 
that period that he became master mechanic 
to the Brooklyn City Railroad Company, a 
position which he continued to fill with 
marked capability and to the entire satisfac- 
tion of the company for a number of years. 
He was a member of the Brotherhood of 
Locomotive Engineers and was deeply inter- 
ested in the questions affecting labor and the 
welfare of the workingman. 

In his political views Mr. Hawley was a 
stalwart Republican who kept well informed 
on the questions and issues of the day and 
exerted considerable influence in local political 
circles, being prominent in the first assembly 
district organization. 

Mr. Hav/ley"s wife survives him. They had 
three daughters and two sons, Mrs. Blakely 
Marlot, a resident of Warren county. New 
Jersey ; Mrs. Eugene Wakeman, who is liv- 
ing in Larchmont, New York ; Mrs. Daniel F. 
Hill, of Brooklyn; John M. and B. I., who 
are connected with the First National Bank 
of Manhattan. Henry R. Hawley passed away 



so 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



in Brooklyn, in the city wliere lie had so long 
made his home and where his sterling traits 
of character had endeared him to many with 
whom he came in contact; his death was 
deeply regretted by many friends. 



RICHARD GURNEY. 

Richard Gurney, well known in fraternal, 
social and church circles in Brooklyn as an 
influential citizen well worthy the respect and 
esteem so uniformly given him throughout his 
extensive circle of acquaintances, was for 
forty years a resident of this borough and his 
death was the occasion of deep and wide- 
spread regret. A native of England, Richard 
Gurney was born in the city oi London. Dur- 
ing the greater part of his active business ca- 
reer he was connected with the lumber trade, 
becoming a member of the firm of C. S. Lang- 
don & Company, wholesale lumber merchants 
at No. 68 Broad street, Manhattan. He won 
advancement in mercantile circles through 
strong purpose, unfaltering diligence and a 
ready recognition of opportunity combined with 
a close study of trade conditions and his busi- 
ness capacity and executive force were impor- 
tant factors in the successful conduct of the in- 
terests of the house of which he was so long 
a representative. He was also a member of 
the Produce and Maritime exchanges, and in 
the later served as a director, as vice-pres- 
ident and president. 

While controlling important business in- 
terests Mr. Gurney yet found time for social 
enjoyment, and he and his family were promi- 
nent in the social circles of Brooklyn. For a 
quarter of a century they lived on Park Slope 



and were among the most influential people of 
that portion of the borough. Mr. Gurney 
was one of the earliest members of the Mon- 
tauk Club and was a prominent Mason of 
Brooklyn, having comprehensive knowledge of 
the teachings and tenets of the craft and ex- 
emplifying in his life its beneficent spirit. He 
filled all of the positions in Montauk Lodge 
No. 286, F. & A. M., of which he became a 
past master and was a representative to the 
grand lodge of Virginia and the grand lodge 
of New York. The higher and holier duties 
of life as represented by the church also 
claimed his attention and he was an active 
member and liberal supporter of the Memorial 
Presbyterian church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gurney became the parents 
of three daughters and three sons. He was 
devoted to the welfare of his wife and chil- 
dren and he held friendship inviolable. His 
genial manner, kindly spirit and deference for 
the opinions of others won him warm personal 
regard, and the ties of friendship were 
strengthened as the years passed. 



WILLIAM AUGUSTUS HALL. 

William Augustus Hall, long known to rep- 
resentatives of shipping interests as a dealer 
in ships' supplies in lower Manhattan, was 
equally prominent in the borough of Brook- 
lyn by reason of his active and helpful con- 
nection with public afifairs. He recognized the 
possibilities of the city, labored for general 
progress and improvement and was a factor 
in the material, social and moral welfare of 
his borough. 

Mr. Hall, a native son of Manhattan, was a 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



51 



son of Isaac Hall, who was for many years 
a director of the Union Ferry Company, of 
Brooklyn and was the founder of the business 
afterward carried on by William A. Hall. In 
1837 he opened a ship chandlery and supplies 
establishment on South street in New York 
and subsequently removed to Bxoad street. 
There he developed a large commercial en- 
terprise, having an extensive and profitable 
patronage. In 1858 he established the Bat- 
tery Baths, which were successfully conducted 
by his son and grandson and which still bear 
the family name. 

William Augustus Hall became his father's 
successor in the ship chandlery and supply 
business, also as proprietor of the Battery 
Baths and as a director of the Union Ferry 
Company. In the first named he had had 
thorough instruction under his father's train- 
ing and at the time of his father's death con- 
tinued the business under the name of Isaac 
Hall's Son. His business interests were al- 
ways conducted in accordance with the de- 
veloping modern ideas of trade and he had 
strict regard for the ethics of commercial life. 

His religious faith was perhaps one of the 
strong elements in molding his successful and 
honorable career. He was prominent in the 
Brooklyn Tabernacle when Dr. Talmage was 
the pastor and held the position of clerk of 
the session for many years. He was also 
the superintendent of the Sunday school of 
that church, was chairman of its music com- 
mittee and a teacher of the Young Women's 
Bible Class. Later he became a member of 
the First Reformed church, in which he was 
an elder and a member of the consistory, act- 
ing in the latter position until his demise. Mr. 
Hall had also long been a member of the New 
York Maritime and Produce exchanges. His 



public-spirited interest in the welfare and 
progress of Brooklyn was frequently manifest 
by active personal work in their behalf. He 
was- a member of the old Atlantic hose com- 
pany. No. I, of the Brooklyn volunteer fire 
department, acting in that capacity before the 
growth of the city made necessary a paid fire 
department. During the draft riots in New 
York in 1863 he was called upon to act as fire- 
man and as a preserver of the peace as well. 
He was one of the earliest members of the 
Montauk Club and won some valuable prizes 
for bowling. 

Mr. Hall became a resident of Brooklyn 
in his childhood. He married Miss Abigail T. 
Underbill and they were the parents of two 
soins, Edward D. and D. Gilbert, who are 
his successors in business ; and a daughter, 
Florence U. For a long period he was one 
of the early settlers of that section of the 
borough known as the Park Slope, his being 
one of the first residences on Seventh avenue 
near Carroll street. His last home was, one 
of the first and finest residences built in its 
neighborhood. He was a man who endeared 
himself to all who knew him by his kindly 
judgment, his upright character and his good 
will toward those with whom he came in con- 
tact. In the business house of which he was 
long the head he gained the entire confidence 
and good will of those whom he employed, 
and in all life's relations was known as a man 
whose career was one of signal usefulness and 
honor. 



JAMES A. W. BELL. 

James A. W. Bell, deceased, scholar and 
benefactor known in Brooklyn and the east as 



S2 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



a book collector for forty years, made his home 
on Sand street in Brooklyn. When he took up 
his abode there it was in the center of a fash- 
ionable district of the city, but in later years- the 
wealthier population of Brooklyn removed to 
other districts. Mr. Bell, however, refused 
steadfastly to leave the old home where all 
his active life had been passed, and continued 
there in the midst of his library, retaining 
a most valuable collection of classics and fine 
works of art. He found his greatest pleasure- 
among his books and possessed at one time 
one of the finest private libraries of the coun- 
try. This he gave to the Brooklyn Library — 
a gift of ten thousand volumes. He then 
began the collection of another library and 
had gathered together two thousand classical 
works, representing the world's best literature. 
He had devoted much of his time for forty 
years to the compilation of the index to the 
library presented by him to Brooklyn. 

Mr. Bell's wife died thirty years prior to 
his demise, and all of his children also de- 
parted this life ere his death, which occurred 
when he was eighty-five years of age. He 
was survived by four grandchildren. 



JOHN LOUGHRAN. 

The sailent features in the life record of 
John Loughran combined to form a character 
in which were embodied lofty patriotism, un- 
blemished business integrity and broad human- 
itarian principles. Honored and respected by 
all, there was no man who occupied a more 
enviable position in financial circles in Brook- 
lyn than Mr. Loughran, not alone because of 
the brilliant success he achieved' — although 
this would entitle him to distinction — ^but also 



because of the straightforward business policy 
he ever followed. Outside of business circles 
his kindly purpose, his many benefactions, his 
public-spirited interest in the welfare of his 
city and his deference for the opinions of oth- 
ers, won him the respect of all and the friend- 
ship of many with whom he came in contact. 
The influence of such a man upon his age and 
community is like the "echo which rolls from 
soul to soul and grows forever and forever." 

Mr. Loughran was a native of Ireland, born 
August 12, 1 82 1, and in his boyhood days 
came to America. From that time until his 
death he was connected with the business life 
of Williamsburg and of New York city. Ow- 
ing to the necessity to provide his own live- 
lihood, his educational privileges were quite 
limited, but the mind of the man developed 
with the passing years, and he gained from the 
school of experience the lessons which many 
college-bred men do not master. He was first 
employed in a grocery store owned by John 
Tenny, of Williamsburg, who showed appre- 
ciation for the elemental traits of his character 
— close application, diligence and honesty. 
Gradually he was advanced in the business 
world, his wages being increased according 
to his added responsibilities, and eventually 
his own earnings enabled him to become the 
proprietor of a grocery store at the corner of 
Bedford avenue and Broadway. 

In early manhood Mr. Loughran married 
Miss Ellen O'Brien, and while he was con- 
ducting his store during the period of the Civil 
war his wife, at the time of the draft riots in 
New York city, carried provisions in Mr. 
Loughran's delivery wagon to negro refugees 
who were encamped in East New York. 

For a short period following the war, Mr. 





(S^£f~i^ta^'Z^ciy%^t^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



55 



Loughran was engaged in no business, and 
then became a partner in the firm of Frazer, 
Bell & Loughran, conducting a tin manufac- 
turing business at 51 Cliff street, Manhattan. 
He represented the house as traveling sales- 
man for a time, and then assumed the man- 
agement of its affairs from the city office. 
His identification with banking interests dates 
from 1878, at which time he was elected a 
director of the Manufacturers' National Bank, 
as a preliminary step toward making him the 
managing head of the institution. The affairs 
of the bank were at that time in a condition 
of doubtful stability, and John M. Furman, 
then the president, sought the assistance of a 
business man of experience and capacity to 
place the bank again upon a sound basis. His 
choice fell upon Mr. Loughran, who after a 
few months was elected vice-president and be- 
came the real manager. In 1884 he became in 
name as he had been irt fact before the presi- 
dent of the bank, and was retained in that posi- 
tion until his death. The institution is a 
monument to his business enterprise and fore- 
sight, for he succeeded in placing it in a posi- 
tion second to none in the city in point of 
stability, and surpassed by few in the extent 
of business annually transacted over its coun- 
ters. An officer of the bank, speaking of Mr. 
Loughran's connection with it, said that "one 
of the most important elements in his success 
was his ability to judge men. He also had 
tact and the faculty of selecting for his assis- 
tants men who could be relied upon to work 
always in harmony for the interests of the in- 
stitution." Mr. Loughran was also a trustee 
of the Nassau Trust Company, a trustee of 
the Kings County Savings Institution, of 
which he was one of the incorporators, and a 
trustee of the Manhattan Brass Company. 



Mr. Loughran was always a man of benevo- 
lent spirit, and as he prospered his benefac- 
tions grew. No worthy applicant ever ap- 
pealed to him in vain for aid, and his hand was 
ever down-reaching to assist those who were 
endeavoring to rise. He gave freely of his 
means to charitable and benevolent institu- 
tions, of orphan aslyums and hospitals, and 
yet there was no man who gave more un- 
ostenatiously nor shunned notoriety in connec- 
tion with his benefactiorjs to a greater degree 
than Mr. Loughran. He was deeply inter- 
ested in the political condition of the country, 
both national and local, and, while he sup- 
ported the Democratic party where issues were 
involved, at local elections he voted indepen- 
dently. His views concerning the money stand- 
ard of the country, however, caused him to 
support McKinley in the presidential elections 
of 1896 and 1900. 

To those who read between the lines and 
judge of his broad nature and kindly spirit, it 
is unnecessary to say that his home life was 
largely ideal. His wife died seventeen years 
before his demise, and his daughter Mary then 
assumed the management of the household af- 
fairs. There were five children who have 
passed away, one having been a priest of the 
Roman Catholic church. The surviving chil- 
dren are : Daniel J. Loughran, who is the 
president of the Kings County Iron Foundry ; 
Mary E. Loughran and Mrs. John E. Walsh. 
Because of the place which she took in the 
household after her mother's death, and be- 
cause of a congeniality of tastes and tempera- 
ment, the tie between Mr. Loughran and his. 
daughter Mary became a most close and ten- 
der one. Three years before his demise he 
had a fall which injured his shoulder and left 



56 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



him in a partially invalid condition, and 
through this period and his last illness she was 
ever his constant companion, comfort and sol- 
ace. 

He passed away October 6, 1903. He 
seemed to realize that the end was near, and 
bade good-bye to his family servants as well 
as to his children, and then departed this life 
as quietly "as one who wraps the drapery of 
his couch about him and lies down to pleasant 
dreams." His life span covered eighty-two 
years, and was characterized by integrity in 
business, loyalty in citizenship, fidelity in 
friendship, and faithfulness to every duty. 



GEORGE N. BIRDSALL. 

George N. Birdsall, deceased, who regarded 
a public office as a pubHc trust and proved 
most capable and efficient in the discharge of 
various public duties, to which he was called, 
was also equally well known and prominent 
in official circles, being at the time of his death 
the treasurer of the Union Dime Savings In- 
stitution of Manhattan. 

He was born in Brooklyn, Ohio, November 
17, 1836, and being left an orphan at an early 
age was thus thrown upon his own resources, 
winning advancement through persistent labor 
and honorable efifort. His ready recognition 
of opportunity enabled him to progress when 
others faltered. In his youth he removed to 
Orange county. New York, and having quali- 
fied for educational work engaged in teaching 
in the district schools of that locality. A short 
time prior to the inauguration of the Civil war 
he becam.e a commercial traveler for a house 
doing business in the south. When the inter- 



nal revenue act was passed, and John Will- 
iams was appointed assessor, he selected Mr. 
Birdsall as chief clerk and the latter diligently 
applied himself to perfecting a systematic ar- 
rangement of the business of the office. His 
efficiency and reliability were at once recog- 
nized and led tq further official advancement. 
In 1868, when the supervisors of the internal 
revenue ''were appointed, Mr. Birdsall was 
chosen to fill a position as chief clerk, in which 
capacity he served until the office of supervisor 
was abolished. His unremitting attention to 
his duties won him the highest commenda- 
tion and his integrity in office was above ques- 
tion. In 1887 he was solicited to accept a 
position in the office of the United States ap- 
praiser of customs and became an examiner 
in that department, while subsequent promo- 
tion made him chief clerk and assistant ap- 
praiser. In all his positions he acquitted him- 
self with honor, performing his duties with 
the same promptness, care and fidelity that 
he ever gave to private business interests. He 
became known in financial circles as a trustee 
of the Union Dime Savings Institution of 
Manhattan and acted in that capacity until 
1892. In that year, upon the death of Pres- 
ident Chapin, Colonel Charles Sprague was 
elected to fill the vacancy and Mr. Birdsall was 
chosen as the successor of Mr. Sprague in the 
othce of treasurer. He acted in that capacity 
up to the time of his death and proved a most 
courteous and reliable official, his previous 
training in government positions having well 
qualified him for the duties that devolved upon 
him in connection with the bank. He was a 
man of keen business discernment and formed 
his plans readily and was determined in their 
execution, and at all . times his business life 



History of long island. 



57 



was actuated by high and honorable principles 
and by close conformity to the highest ethics 
of the business world. 

Mr. Birdsall married Miss Emily D. Baker, 
who with their four children survives him, 
1 ticy had three daughters and one son : Ara- 
bella R., Henry Baker, Caroline Romer and 
Sarah Josephine. 

In community affairs Mr. Birdsall took a 
deep and active interest, and his patriotism 
and public spirit stood as salient characteris- 
tics of his career. He belonged to the Lin- ' 
coin and Union League clubs of Brooklyn, and 
was the champion of many meaures which 
promoted local progress and substantial im- 
provement. The true spirit of Christianity 
dominated his life and guided his actions in 
the business and social world. In his family 
he was a devoted husband and father, and 
he held friendship inviolable. Perhaps no bet- 
ter estimate of his character can be given than 
in the words of Silas B. Dutcher, under whom 
he served for many years as a government 
employe and in a confidential capacity. Mr. 
Dutcher said of him : "Every public service 
to which he has been called has been to him 
a business employment and he has discharged 
the duties to the satisfaction of all interested. 
His life exhibits a union of public and pri- 
vate service, which is the exemplification of 
creditable citizenship." 



ROBERT WHITE. 

Robert White, for many years one of the 
oldest and best known engineers of the port 
of New York, and the founder of the Robert 
White Engineering Works of Brooklyn, New 



York, died at his late residence, 609 Sixth 
street, Brooklyn, August 18, 1902, after a lin- 
gering illness of over three months' duration. 
He was held in high estimation in commercial 
and social circles as a progressive citizen, and 
also for his fine personal qualities which en- 
deared him to all with whom he was brought 
in close contact. 

Robert White was born in Glasgow, Scot- 
land, May 6, 1843. After completing his liter- 
ary education in the schools of Glasgow and 
Edinburg he studied mechanical engineering 
and draughting in the latter named city, re- 
ceiving his diploma in the year 1862. Subse- 
quently he emigrated to the United States 
and located in Jersey City, New Jersey, was 
employed m a machine works for three years, 
and at the expiration of this period of time 
removed to Brooklyn, New York. He at once 
established an engineering business at the foot 
of Smith street, in 1874, and at the time of his 
death had just begun the erection of the hand- 
some plant now occupied by the firm at the 
corner of Columbia, Hicks and Sigourney 
streets, Brooklyn, New York. He formerly 
manufactured pumps, but later fitted up a 
steamship yard, where they manufactured the 
Robert White Patent Boilers and built steam- 
ships complete; just before his death he sold 
one of his completely fitted ships with his 
boilers to the Hamburg-American Line, and 
it is now in commission. He was also the 
builder of the following named steam tugs : 
Robert White, Agnes White, White & Price 
and Kate Buckley. The business was one of 
the most extensive and successful enterprises 
in the borough, ■ and is now conducted by his 
sons under the same honorable and straight- 
forward management as heretofore. Mr. 



58 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



White was one of the old members of the 
Amalgamated Society of Engineers, of which 
his father was one of the founders, an active 
and honorary member of several trade and 
benevolent societies, a member of the Mari- 
time Association of the Port of New York, 
a member of the Masonic fraternity, a mem- 
ber of several boat clubs, and at one time 
rowed stroke in the old Harlem Boat Club 
crew. He was a consistent member of the 
Presbyterian church, and being of a domestic 
disposition was extremely devoted to his home 
and family. 

January 7, 1862, Mr. White married Agnes 
Haddow, daughter of Thomas Haddow, an 
engineer of Glasgow all his life, founder of 
the Amalgamated Society of Engineers and 
the secretary of the same for forty-nine years. 
Mrs. White was one of seven children, two 
of her brothers having followed the same oc- 
cupation as their father, that of engineering. 
William was educated and received his de- 
grees in Edinburg, and later became a cele- 
brated engineer in London, England; Archi- 
bald, a noted engineer, located in Alexandria, 
Africa. The following named children were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. White : i. Robert W., 
deceased. 2. Thomas H., who is the active 
head and general manager of the extensive 
business established by his father; he mar- 
ried Emily Anderson, and they are the parents 
of three children. 3. John H., who married 
Miss Donovan. 4. Lilly H. K., who resides 
at home. 5. Archibald H. K., a student. 
The death of Mr. White occurred in the fifty- 
ninth year of his age, and he was survived by 
his wife, daughter and three sons. The fun- 
eral services were conducted at his late resi- 
dence in Brooklyn, New York, August 21, 
1902. 



ROBERT P. LETHBRIDGE. 

Robert P. Lethbridge, for more than a third 
of a century past prominently connected with 
fire and marine insurance interests in New 
York and Brooklyn, and active in various 
community affairs, is a native of England, 
born in London, September 26, 1845. 

He is thoroughly American in all save the 
accident of birth, having been brought to the 
United States by his parents at the tender age 
of four years. He was educated in the public 
schools of Brooklyn, and at the age of fifteen 
entered the hardware house of Marsh 
Brothers & Company, in the capacity of clerk. 
He had barely passed a year in this employ- 
ment when the Civil war broke out, and he 
entered the service of his country as an orig- 
inal member of Colonel (afterward General) 
J. V. Meserole's Forty-seventh Regiment, 
New York Volunteers, at its organization, in 
March, 1862. With this command, Mr. Leth- 
bridge performed the full measure of soldierly 
duty, serving in various important campaigns 
and expeditions. Within two months after its 
muster into service, the regiment was called 
to the defense of the. national capital, and man- 
ned the fortifications and held the picket lines 
at Alexandria, Fairfax Court House, and 
other points in front of- Washington. The 
regiment bore a useful part in the suppression 
of the draft riots in New York city, after- 
ward garrisoned Fort McHenry, in Balti- 
more harbor, and held itself under arms to 
proceed to Pennsylvania at the time of the 
invasion by General Lee, but was not called 
out. Mr. Lethbridge has always cherished a 
laudable pride in his old regiment, and a real 
affection for its members, and he was one 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



59 



of the most active in the formation of its Vet- 
eran Association, of which he was president 
in 1891. 

After leaving the army Mr. Lethbridge was 
for some time in the employ of A. T. Stewart 
& Company, in New York. In 1867 he en- 
gaged in the fire and marine insurance busi- 
ness in the same city, also maintaining a 
branch office in Brooklyn. In 1885 he be- 
came associated with W. H. Davidge, in the 
insurance firm of Lethbridge & Davidge, 
which has enjoyed a prosperous career to the 
present time. Mr. Lethl;)ridge has also given 
attention to other commercial and financial en- 
terprises, and has been a member of the New 
York Produce Exchange during almost the 
entire period of his business life. He is a di- 
rector of the Nassau Trust Company, and 
of the Kings County Building and Loan Asso- 
ciation, and a trustee and treasurer of the 
Brooklyn Throat Hospital. He is a past mas- 
ter of Hyatt Lodge, F. and A. M., a mem- 
ber of Abel Smith Post, Grand Army of the 
Republic ; and was one of the organizers of 
the Hanover Club. He is a Congregationalist 
in religion, a member and trustee of the Lee 
Avenue church. In politics he is a staunch 
Republican, a member of the Ninteenth Ward 
Association. 

Mr. Lethbridge was married, December 11, 
1878, to Miss Mae J. Levering, of Exeter, 
New Hampshire, and to them were -born three 
children — a son, who is deceased, and two 
daughters, who are living. The family resi- 
dence is at 157 Keap street. 



ARTHUR McGERALD. 

Arthur McGerald, who had a wide and fa- 
vorable acquaintance in Catholic circles in 



Brooklyn because of his activity in and gen- 
erous support of the work of the church and 
who at the time of his death was the oldest 
carriage manufacturer of Manhattan, was 
borp in Ireland in 183 1 and died in Brooklyn 
on the 2ist of December, 1903, when seventy- 
two years of age. He was editcated in his 
native land, where he spent the first twenty 
years of his life, after which he sought a home 
in the new world. He desired to enter the 
business circles of this country with its more 
progressive methods, livelier competition and 
advancement more quickly secured, and he 
found the opportunity he sought in the free- 
dom and appreciation of the western world. 
Upon his arrival here he was apprenticed to 
the carriage manufacturing firm of Minor & 
Shiphaus, of Manhattan, and when thorough 
preliminary training and experience had made 
him c|ualified in his line he began business on 
his own account as the junior member of the 
firm of Frey & McGerald at No. 297 East 
Broadway. Following the death of his part- 
ner Mr. McGerald . removed his business to 
No'. 216 West Fiftieth street, Manhattan, 
where for many years he was engaged in the 
building of ambulances for New York hos- 
pitals. His long connection with carriage 
manufacturing" made him the veteran repre- 
sentative of that industry in New York, and 
his expanding business brought him the pros- 
perity which is the goal of all efifort in indus- 
trial, commercial and professional circles. 

In early manhood Arthur McGerald was 
married and entered upon a most congenial 
home relationship, which was terminated by 
the death of the wife about 1898. Her loss 
vvfas a shock to Mr. McGerald, from which he 
never recovered. His daughter, Mrs. Annie 



60 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Scott, afterward managed the household for 
him, and the other children of the family are 
Mrs. Tillie Rowland, of Manhattan, and two 
sons, James and Arthur McGerald. For more 
than thirty years the family home was main- 
tained at No. 336 Berry street, in the eastern 
district of Brooklyn, in which section of the 
city Mr. McGerald became very widely 
known. He was one of the pioneer members 
of the Roman Catholic church of SS. Peter and 
Paul on Wythe avenue, and for more than 
twenty years served as treasurer of the Em- 
erald Association. He was also president of 
the Holy Name Society of his church and was 
identified with other Catholic organizations, 
including the Veterans' Association of Brook- 
lyn and Washington Council, Knights of Co ■ 
lumbus. 



JOHN HILLS. 

John Hills, deceased, was for many years a 
leader in commercial ' affairs in New York. 
He was a man admired by his business asso- 
ciates, and held in warm affection by a large 
circle of friends, both for his personal char- 
acter and his broad philanthropy. 

His ancestry has been traced to the county 
of Essex, England, the founder of the Amer- 
ican branch of the family having come tO' this 
country about 1638. From him was descend- 
ed John Hills' father, Samuel Hills, who was 
born in Surry, New Hampshire, and married 
(first) Miss Clarissa Dunn, one of the Amos 
Lawrence family of Boston, Massachusetts, 
and afterward Miss Elizabeth Hyde, of 
Brookline, Massachusetts. 

A few years before his death, which oc- 
curred when he was at the venerable age of 



ninety-two, Samuel Hills and his wife, who 
had always been active members of the Bap- 
tist Church, built a chapel in Framinghara, 
Massachusetts, where they had resided for 
many years. 

John Hills, the youngest of a family of 
eight children, son of Samuel and Qarissa 
(Dunn) Hills, was born January 8, 1846, in 
Brookline, Massachusetts. He prepared for 
Harvard University, but at the age of eigh- 
teen, having decided in favor of a mercantile 
life, came to New York, where he was first 
employed by the New York Belting Company, 
and later as bookkeeper by Maxwell & Com- 
pany, fruit dealers. 

After a few years he entered upon a career 
of his own, in which he was destined to achieve 
a gratifying success. In 1871, at the age of 
twenty-five, Mr. Hills and his brother Will- 
iam formed the firm of Hills Brothers and be- 
gan a foreign fruit and nut bvisiness. Out of 
this grew the extensive and important house 
of the Hills Brothers Company, incorporated, 
in its line of trade the largest in the United 
States, if not in the world. The brothers en- 
tered upon their undertaking entirely depen- 
dent upon their own resources, and the com- 
pany with which Mr. Hills' name is indis- 
solubly connected is to be regarded in a large 
measure as a monument to his unusual ability, 
industry and integrity. 

His father, although in prosperous circum- 
stances, held to the belief that young men 
should early learn the lesson of self-reliance, 
and withheld from his sons financial aid un- 
til they had attained a position of indepen- 
dence ; a crucial test of character which stimu- 
lated Mr. Hills" powers to their utmost. Pro- 
gressive and determined, his innovations in 




.i:;^^^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



63 



business methods and in all fields of activity 
kept him ever in the forefront. He extended 
his operations constantly, discerning oppor- 
tunity with a foresight which seemed intuitive, 
deeming no undertaking too stupendous, nor 
any obstacle beyond his ability to surmount. 
He was noted, too, for the philosophical way 
in which he neither mourned his losses, nor 
boasted of his triumphs. In his business re- 
lations in a field where so many enmities are 
made, Mr. Hills won through his absolute in- 
tegrity the utmost confidence of those with 
whom he had dealings, not only among men 
whose interests were the same as his own, but 
among his competitors as well, in spite of the 
fact that his competition was masterful and 
aggressive. Despising poor work, and abhor- 
ring slipshod methods, he was nevertheless of 
generous spirit,, and even his rebuke bore with 
it an encouragement to better things. A man 
of marked individuaHty, he was ever pre- 
pared to assert himself and to urge his views 
with a peculiar forcefulness which attested his 
sincerity. Yet he was tolerant of the opinions 
of others, and willing to concede much where 
no principle of conduct was involved. His 
prescience was extraordinary, and he was 
remarkable for the accuracy of his plans, and 
his ability for organization and direction. So 
well balanced was he in character and tem- 
perament, that his personal and business life 
cannot be disassociated. He was in one what 
he was in the other — natural and truly manly. 
He was warm in his sympathy for his fellows, 
and his assistance, in council and means, went 
ungrudgingly to many who experienced mis- 
fortune. Upon such his benefactions were be- 
stowed freely and so devoid of ostentation was 
he that his gifts went unheralded save by the 
objects of his bounty. 



With the exception of one year, Mr. Hills 
was trustee in the Marcy Avenue Baptist 
Church from the time of its organization, al- 
though steadfastly advocating rotation in 
office, not from a desire to shirk responsibility, 
but with the conviction that new instruments 
from time to time would prove helpful. He 
believed, too, in a church where all seats 
should be absolutely free and expenses paid 
by voluntary contributions. To this end he 
took special interest in the erection of the pres- 
ent church edifice. Mr. Hills found his relief 
from business cares almost entirely in the hap- 
piness of his home life. He was a great 
reader, especially of history, and many of his 
happiest evenings were spent in his library. 

He was married March 21, 1872, to Miss 
Anna L., daughter of William and Ann E. 
(Phipps) Hastings, of Framingham, Massa- 
chusetts, whose ancestry has been traced back 
to the time of William the Conc|ueror on the 
one side, and to the brother of Sir William 
Phipps on the other. Four children were 
born to them : Eva Louise, John Stuart, Ger- 
trude, and Helen Margaret. All but Ger- 
trude are still living. 

Close attention to business for successive 
years brought im|5aired health and made nec- 
essary extensive travel for recuperation. His 
death occurred January 12, 1902. 
"Servant of God, well done. 

They serve Him well who serve His creatures. 
For good is not a shapely mass of stone. 
Hewn by man's hand and worked by him alone ; 
It is a seeti, God suffers one to sow, 
Others to reap, and when the harvests grow. 
He giveth increase through all coming years, 
And lets men reap in joy seed that was sown in 
tears.'' 



64 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



CHARLES FROEB. 

Charles Froeb, of Brooklyn, a fine type of 
the German- American, who, by intelligent and 
well directed effort has come to a prominent 
place in commercial and financial affairs and 
widely influential in community affairs, was 
born at Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany, No- 
vember 27, 1857. 

He came to the United States with his par- 
ents at the early age of eleven years, and, 
while he was well grounded in eiementary 
education through his attendance upon school 
in his native city, yet his rearing was essen- 
tially American, and particularly along the 
lines which led to a business career. For 
three years after his coming he was a student 
in the public and night schools of Brooklyn. 
At the age of fourteen, he became a wage 
earner, and he so husbanded his resources 
that in 1883, at the age of twenty-six, he was 
in possession of sufficient means and had ac- 
quired sufficient knowledge of business affairs 
to justify him in engaging in an enterprise 
of his own. He began in a modest way in a 
small frame structure at the corner of Hop- 
kins street and Tompkins avenue, as a whole- 
sale wine and liquor merchant. He pros- 
pered from the beginning, and in time built 
upon the site a large brick edifice, the main 
building being fifty by one hundred feet, four 
stories high, with a three-story addition 
twenty-five by sixty-five feet, in which he has 
conducted a constantly expanding business to 
the present time. During these years he has 
also acquired other valuable property, the re- 
sults of judicious investments made from time 
to time as he could spare means from the large 
commercial enterprise which he had built up. 
Recognized as a master mind in business af- 



fairs, he stands high not alone in point of 
ability but of sterling integrity. He is one of 
the principal owners and a trustee of the 
German Savings Bank of Brooklyn, one of the 
soundest and most successful banking estab- 
lishments in the city, transacting a business of 
a half million dollars annually, and he is also 
a director in the Manufacturers' National 
Bank. 

Mr. Froeb is a leader in various leading 
social organizations, the most prominent be- 
ing the Arion Society, of which he was presi- 
dent for three years, and in which he is a 
trustee at the present time. In politics he is a 
Democrat. 

Mr. Froeb m_arried Miss Alena Kirchnevel, 
and to them were born four sons — August, 
Charles, Frank and Herman. All were liberal- 
ly educated at the excellent Polytechnic Insti- 
tute. The eldest son, August, is now associ- 
ated in business with his father. The family 
reside in a beautiful home at 671 Lafay- 
ette Avenue, built by Mr. Froeb, who also 
maintains an elegant country place at Sheeps- 
head Bay. All the members of the family are 
highly regarded by a large circle of friends, 
and their home is one of delightful hospital- 
ity. 



AZEL DENNIS MATTHEWS. 

In the death of Mr. Azel Dennis Matthews, 
who passed away at the venerable age of nine- 
ty-one years, Brooklyn witnessed the depar- 
ture of one who stood alone in phenomenal 
length of active life in its mercantile and mu- 
nicipal concerns. He had been identified with 
the city for the long period of sixty-one years, 
and his career was of remarkable usefulness 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



65 



. and interest, covering, as jt did, the entire 
modern history of the place. He was here 
before its real development had a beginning, 
and he bore an active part in many of the 
movements which contributed to the welfare 
of the old city, or, rather, village. To the last 
his retentive mind kept fresh his knowledge of 
the former days, and he never wearied in rem- 
iniscences of them — in dwelling upon the 
character of the men in commercial, church 
and social life, who aided in building up a 
community to the immense population of near- 
ly a million and a quarter souls. Yet this 
was what he lived to see, and he was ever 
proud to assert that the growth of the city had 
only kept pace with his behef in its great fu- 
ture. His modesty would not, however, per- 
mit him to claim, what was true, that as mer- 
chant, friend of education, and humanitarian, 
no one had borne a nobler part in the work, 
nor that he had long stood practically alone 
to represent the earnest workers of bygone 
years. The magnitude of the development 
may be discerned in a few suggestive facts. 
At his coming, a youth of nineteen and a 
wage-earner, the census had just been taken, 
and showed the population to be 24,529. This 
was of Brooklyn proper, exclusive of Will- 
iamsburg, and other country towns which 
were not united to Brooklyn until later. Much 
of the city, as it then was, was sparsely settled, 
and considerable of the territory lay in field 
and meadow. Such residential streets as 
Montague, Pierrepont, and others, on the 
Heights, were marked with many vacant lots. 
Such was Brooklyn when Mr. Matthews 
came. Born in Hinsdale, Massachusetts, 
April 29, 1809, he entered upon life with mea- 
ger educational preparation. His father was^^ 



an invalid who, fearing that the boy might 
soon be left parentless and dependent upon his 
own effort, took him at the age of fourteen to 
find for him a kind employer and a home. 
The pair traveled by horseback across the 
mountains to Conway, Massachusetts, where 
the lad, then fourteen years old, was placed 
with a farmer with whom he remained for 
five years. His days were passed in farm 
labor, and he gave his evenings to study. Not 
stinting his effort, he was, however, laudably 
ambitious, and possessed an ambition which 
pointed him to a larger place in life. At the 
age of nineteen, with an excellent, letter of 
recommendation from the farmer, he embraced 
an opportunity to find a new field for his ef- 
fort. This was to assist a lame drover to drive 
a flock of sheep to Boston. Not finding per-' 
manent employment in that city, young Mat- 
thews concluded to go on to Brooklyn, where 
lived a half-sister, and took passage on a 
schooner. Arrived at his destination, he 
sought a home with his relatives, the Bird- 
sails, who then lived in Poplar street, and 
with whom he remained until he married. 
For a time he was unsuccessful in his search 
for employm<^nt, and was well-nigh discour- 
aged when hg obtained a situation with Van 
Nostrand & Tolford, who conducted a large 
tannery. He remained in their employ for 
nine years, when the firm failed during a time 
of financial panic. He had been economical 
and saving, and was now owner of about five 
hundred dollars, and with this sum he went 
to Sullivan county and undertook the building 
of a tannery, but the enterprise was not car- 
ried to completion. Returning to Brooklyn 
(in 1837), he established at No. 93 Main 
street the business with which his name was 



66 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



first connected in Brooklyn, the precursor of 
the present mammoth mercantile establish- 
ment. After a time, however, ill health 
obliged him tO' relinquish his undertaking, and 
he returned to Conway, Massachusetts. His 
recuperation was speedy, and he again re- 
paired to Brooklyn and resumed business at 
what was then No. no Myrtle street. As his 
business grew he came to have three or four 
clerks in his employ, but probably did not 
dream of a day when this number would be 
increased to about one thousand. 

In the early days of his mercantile career 
the dry-goods center of the city was in Main 
street, below Prospect street, and Fulton 
street, as a shopping district, was of secondary 
iriiportance. Somewhat later, as population 
increased, business expanded, and the dry- 
goods merchants determined tO' move farther 
up town, selecting what was known as Fulton 
Street Square, the block between Sands and 
Prospect streets, where nearly all the leading 
dry-goods men of the day located. From the 
Square the trade took itself to the two blocks 
on Fulton street between Concord and John- 
son streets, and thence the up-town movement 
continued to Fulton street, , above the city hall. 
Mr. Matthews was the pioneer in this move- 
ment to upper Fulton street. Recognizing the 
fact that Brooklyn must certainly grow, and 
that the dry-goods business must needs soon 
find a more central location, in the year 1862 
he rented a store on the eastern corner of 
Fulton street, the rooms overhead hiing then 
occupied by the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
' elation, then in its infancy. Shortly afterward 
Mr. Matthews found that the rapid develop- 
ment of the city necessitated another change, 
and he removed to the site of the present A. 



D. Matthews & Company establishment. Ad- 
ditions were made to the building from time 
to time, until it extended to the corner of 
Gallatin Place and through to Livingston 
street, and subsequently the adjoining prop- 
erty toward Smith street was secured, the 
building in the rear was torn down, and was 
replaced with a substantially constructed five- 
story edifice. Mr. Matthews arranged the 
fifth floor with special regard for the comfort 
of his employees (nearly one thousand in 
number), whom he was pleased to regard as a 
business family of his own, and he also fitted 
up the annex with apartments where they 
might lunch and pass their spare hours. 

When Mr. Matthews entered upon his mer- 
cantile career, a department store yuch as 
now known was not in existence, the mer- 
chants dealing in what were termed "straight 
line goods." With characteristic foresight, 
and appreciating the opportunity if not the 
early necessity for variety in stock, he ex- 
tended his operations to include many classes 
of goods which he believed would merit the 
attention of his customers, and the various 
fields which he opened were broadened and 
multiplied to their present great dimensions. 
He never lost sight of what he conceived to 
be a fact — that Brooklyn could be made the 
real shopping district for residents of Brook- 
lyn, thus taking issue with the greater part 
of the business conmiunity, which did not be- 
lieve that their custom could be diverted from 
the emporiums of Manhattan. It was not 
long before his prescience found abundant 
vindication, and he came to be regarded as 
the creator of a distinctly new mercantile pol- 
icy which had become a fully established 
system. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



67. 



From the time of his coming to Brooklyn, 
Mr. Matthews took a deep interest in the re- 
ligious concerns of the commtmity. For the 
first five years he was connected with the 
Presbyterian church on Cranberry street. 
Having formed a close friendship with the 
Rev. Dr. Mcllvaine, afterward Protestant 
Episcopal bishop of Ohio, he identified himself 
with St. Ann's church, of which that eminent 
clergyman was then rector, and served suc- 
cessively as music conductor and Sunday- 
school superintendent, and also as vestryman. 
Following the upward march of the street, in 
1872 he transferred his membership to St. 
Peter's church, and at a later day to the 
Church of the Messiah. When his children 
had grown up and were rearing families of 
their own, they connected themselves with the 
Lafayette Avenue Presbyterian church, and on 
that account, and because of the nearness of 
the church to his residence, he chose that as 
his place of worship, also participating in 
some of the more important church .meetings, 
a privilege he was quick to avail himself of, 
out of zealous interest in the work itself, and 
an affectionate regar'd for the ministers, the 
Rev. Dr. Theodore L. Cuyler, and his suc- 
cessor, the Rev. Dr. David Gregg. 

One of the. characteristically beautiful traits 
of Mr. Matthew's character was his deep in- 
terest .in Sunday-school work. He early be- 
came identified with the Brooklyn Sunday 
School Union, with which he maintained his 
connection throughout his life. Fie was its 
manager at its organization and for some 
years thereafter, was long its vice president, 
and its great and useful work was accom- 
plished in large degree through his adminis- 
tration of its affairs. In this connection it is 



pleasant to refer to a touching incident which 
marked the closing days of Mr. Matthews' 
life — the tribute paid to him on Anniversary 
day, Friday, May 26, 1901, when the children 
of the Baptist Temple Sunday School passed 
his home in South Portland avenue. The 
nouogenarian merchant and Sunday-school 
worker sat at his window and watched the 
children with evident delight, and as they 
hailed him by doffing their caps or waving 
their handkerchiefs, he answered by tossing 
flowers to them. 

Another phase of Christian work which en- 
listed his deep interest during- his later years 
was the Italian Mission which was formed 
at 29 Fulton street. He was an active co-la- 
borer with Mr. Moore, Miss Halliday, Mi,ss 
Matthews and other local philanthropists. He 
was also actively identified with the Ameri- 
can Tract Society and the Brooklyn City Mis- 
sion Tract Society. 

Mr. Matthews had seven children : Mrs. 
Frank Bond, Mrs. James Lane, Mrs. Ruth 
Forman, James Matthews, Gardiner D. Mat- 
thews, Mrs. J. W. Smith, and Miss Lizzie C. 
Matthews. The two sons received their busi- 
ness training in the establishment founded 
by their father, and in 1879 they were taken 
into partnership in the firm of A. D. Matthews 
& Sons, and they are now the managers of 
the business. 

The last years of his life found Mr. Mat- 
thews, notwithstanding his remarkable age, in 
full possession of his faculties, and he kept 
himself well informed on current events and 
with the progress of the times. He took a 
keen delight in meeting children, for whom 
he always held the warmest affection. In 
the family circle he looked forward with in- 



68 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



tense pleasure from year to year to the an- 
nual reunions, in which for some years four 
generations participated. On the occasion of 
his ninetieth birthday, April 29, 1899, there 
were present thirty-nine members of the fam- 
ily — father, sons and daughters, grandchil- 
dren and great-grandchildren. There were 
two empty chairs, those of the wife of Mr. 
Matthews and of a son-in-law, and over these 
were portraits of the loved and lost. The 
following year, on the occasion of the ninety- 
first birthday anniversary of Mr. Matthews, 
the employees of A. D. Matthews & Sons dis- 
played his portrait in a conspicuous place in 
the store, decorated it with flowers, and af- 
fixed to it the following : 

. "The employees of A. D. Matthews & Sons 
take this opportunity to^ express their sincere 
regai-d and esteem by decorating this portrait 
of the senior member of the firm, on the nine- 
ty-first anniversary of his birth, and all join 
in wishing him many happy returns of the 
day." 

In June following, Mr. Matthews set out 
for his birthplace, Hinsdale, Massachusetts, 
where he was to pass the summer. He was 
accompanied by his daughter. Miss Lizzie C. 
Matthews. Before their going a pleasant 
family reunion had been held at the residence 
of Mr. Matthews in Brooklyn. The vener- 
able gentleman was in excellent health and 
spirits, and his family and friends congratu- 
lated him upon his complete recovery from 
an illness of a year before. On their journey 
Mr. and Miss Matthews stopped at Pittsfield, 
Massachusetts, to await the making ready of 
his old home for his occupancy. Ten days 
later, on June i8th, the aged man was stricken 
with apoplexy. The family at Brooklyn were 



immediately apprised, but before an answer 
could be returned Mr. Matthews had passed 
away, quietly and peacefully, "as if just go- 
ing to sleep," as the mourning daughter ex- 
pressed it in her message home. 

The funeral services were held in the Lafay- 
ette Avenue Presbyterian church, Brooklyn, 
the Rev. Dr. Cuyler and the Rev. Dr. Gregg 
ofliciating, in the presence of a large and deep- 
ly affected concourse of relatives and friends. 
The tributes to the worth of the lamented 
dead were eloquent in their truthfulness. The 
life of RTr. Matthews had been one of remark- 
able activity, usefulness and beauty. In all 
his effort he had held himself near to his fel- 
lows, and particularly so to those who were 
in his employ, using his talents and means 
as though they were committed to him for 
the sake and benefit of others. In all the 
fierce competition of trade he kept his name 
unsullied, nor was ever an act ascribed to 
him which was not becoming to the Christian 
gentleman. In his family circle his presence 
was ineffably sweet : 

■'Age sat with decent grace upon his visage. 
And worthily became his silver locks ; 
He bore the marks of many years well spent, 
Of virtuous truth well tried, and wise ex- 
perience. 



GAYTON BALLARD. 

Gayton Ballard, whose salient characteristics 
of unwearied industry and keen intellectual 
discernment made him a strong factor in manu- 
facturing circles, into which channel he di- 
rected his activities, was also notable for his 
efiforts along lines which though less tangible 
are none the less effective as moving forces in 




C/, (^ £.cJ.^,,.^^u-^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



71 



the world. He was a student of the great eco- 
nomic and sociological problems of the age, 
and through the avenue of busniess, as well 
as through his individual efforts, was con- 
stantly striving to introduce conditions which 
would render occupation pleasant and profit- 
able to employe and employer alike. The 
higher interests, those which touch the moral 
nature of man, elicited his co-operation. By 
his usefulness and general benevolence he 
created a memory whose perpetuation does not 
depend upon brick or stone, but upon the 
spontaneous and free-will offering of a grateful 
and enlightened people. 

A resident of Brooklyn during the last twen- 
ty-five years of his life, Gayton Ballard was 
born in Andover, Massachusetts, July 8, 1821. 
He passed his youth amid the scenes and sur- 
roundings of his ancestral home, where the 
family had been represented from the earliest 
settlement of the locality. Through genera- 
tions -his family displayed a rare aptitude for 
organization and direction of large affairs 
which found full scope in the field of manu- 
facturing enterprise. They were among the 
first "captains of industry" of New England, 
and in the path they marked out followed the 
trend which led to the marvelous concerns that 
now supply to America so much of her manu- 
factured product. Gayton Ballard cast his 
lines of life in harmony with the family record. 
In early life he attended the public schools, 
and when still but a young man went to Hook- 
sett, New Hampshire, where he entered upon 
his manufacturing career as an employe in the 
Amoskeag mills, where his brother, Stephen, 
was a superintendent. He located there in 
1846, and after four years removed to South- 
bridge, Massachusetts, in 1850 to serve under 



his brother Joshua, who was agent for the 
Hamilton Woolen Company. His practical 
knowledge and the value of his services were 
at once recognized, and he was prevailed upon 
to remain and superintend the carding. After 
five years in that position he formed a part- 
nership with Adolphus Merriam, and began 
the manufacture of cloth at Westville, thus 
establishing an enterprise which proved a prof- 
itable venture. In 1865 he returned to Globe 
Village, and two years later succeeded his 
brother Joshua as agent for the Hamilton 
Woolen Company, his brother having been 
elected treasurer of the company, with offices 
in Boston. Mr. Ballard at first would not con- 
sider the offer of the agency, but finally was 
prevailed upon to take charge until such time 
as the company could get another man. The 
company, however, did- not make haste to 
choose his successor, realizing full well the 
value of his service, and he continued in the 
position for thirteen years, when his health 
failed him and'he insisted on relinquishing the 
exacting duties that devolved upon him. The 
regret of the company at the loss of so faith- 
ful an agent was attested by its refusal for a 
year to accept his resignation, and by a gift 
of several thousand dollars when his health 
compelled him to insist upon giving up his 
place. A contemporary biographer, in speak- 
ing of his life and work at Southbridge, said : 
"He was a man who could put himself in the 
other man'sa-jjlace. Arbiter in a sense of the 
fortunes of the great number of people em- 
ployed by the corporation, they all felt that 
while he was bound to promote (as he always 
did promote) the company's interests, he was 
equally bound to look out for the welfare of 
every man, woman and child connected with 



72 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



his little industrial world. * * * He was 
closely associated with the communal life and 
higher interests of the town. The Evangelical 
Free Church, which he had assisted in found- 
ing in 1854 upon its broadly inclusive basis, 
always felt his inspiring and helpful touch. 
He was largely instrumental in influencing the 
Hamilton Woolen Company to build for the 
church its beautiful house of worship and to 
contribute generously to its support through 
all the ensuing years." He also induced the 
company in other ways to promote the welfare 
and improvement of the town, and he himself 
was a cooperant factor in every movement 
which he believed would contribute to the gen- 
eral welfare. 

Mr. Ballard's health greatly improved dur- 
ing the period of rest which he enjoyed fol- 
lowing the severance of his connection with the 
Hamilton Woolen Company, and soon after 
leaving Southbridge, Massachusetts, he came 
to Brooklyn, New York, where his brother, 
Stephen Ballard, was engaged in the manufac- 
ture of mouldings, cabinets, etc., under the firm 
name of the White, Potter & Paige Company. 
Indolence and idleness being utterly foreign 
,to the nature of Mr. Ballard, he decided to 
join his brother in business, and was soon chos- 
en to the presidency of the company. His 
influence, his modern business ideas and prac- 
tical methods were soon felt. Bringing to the 
concern his strong business acumen and en- 
ergy, he soon made it one of the largest and 
most successful enterprises of the kind in the 
country. One of the evidences of his sagac- 
ity was seen in his ability to judge of men 
and see in them capacities which he would 
draw out and, direct into productive channels. 
He sought some of his helpers among those 



whom he had known in a business way in 
Southbridge, and the present treasurer and su- 
perintendent of the company are men who en- 
tered his employ in humble capacities. 

Mr. Ballard was always interested in ja3ung 
men, and took great delight in extending to 
them a helping hand when they had proven 
that they were willing to help themselves. His 
sympathies were always with those who de- 
sired improvement and advancement, and it is 
said that many young people owe their educa- 
tion to his thoughtful generosity. He was al- 
ways most unostentatious in his manner of 
rendering assistance, and desired that his good 
works (and they were many) should not be 
seen and praised of men. Oftentimes the re- 
cipients of his bounty and his kindness were 
unaware to whom they were indebted, and 
a frequently employed method of assisting 
others was the institution of improved condi- 
tions in the factories with which he was con- 
nected. He always retained his membership in 
the Evangelical Free Church of Southbridge, 
Massachusetts, but after removing to Brook- 
lyn attended services at Plymouth Church, un- 
der the successive pastorates of Henry Ward 
Beecher, Lyman Abbott and Newell Dwight 
HilHs. 

Mr. Ballard was married September 28, 
1846, to Miss Sybil Brown Abbott, of Bethel, 
Maine, who died in 1886. He afterward 
married Miss Sarah Louise Fiske, a daugh- 
ter of Henry Fiske, of Southbridge, Massa- 
chusetts. He lost his only son, Arthur, 
who at the time of his death, which resulted 
from an accident, was a student in Phillips 
Academy, at Andover, Massachusetts. His 
daughter is Mrs. John A. Ellis, whose husband 
was associated with her father in his manufac- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



73 



turing interests in Brooklyn. Devoted to his 
family, his life was always one of continuous 
giving. He bestowed a wealth of affection up- 
on his family, of friendship upon his social 
acquaintances, of sympathy upon the distressed 
or the needy; while to his church and many 
benefactions he gave most generously, and ac- 
cordingly as he prospered in the business 
world did he assist others. 

He died at his home in Brooklyn, January 
28, 1904, in the eighty-third year of his age, 
and his remains were laid to rest where sleep 
his ancestors in the Andover cemetery. 



JAMES GILDERSLEEVE. 

James Gildersleeve, who at the time of his 
death was one of the oldest representatives 
of the postal service in Brooklyn and who 
in his younger years was closely identified 
with various movements for the development 
and progress of the borough, was born in 
Brooklyn, November 19, 1826. He was one 
of two letter carriers appointed in 1845 
and was thus a veteran in the service, con- 
tinuing in active connection with the post- 
office department; of Brooklyn up to the time 
of his death. In his younger years he was a 
member of the Franklin Engine Company, 
No. 3, of the Brooklyn volunteer fire depart- 
ment, and he was a member of the Veteran 
Volunteer Firemen's Association. He also be- 
longed to the Society of Old Brooklynites, an 
organization composed of pioneer residents 
who through long years had been witnesses 
of the city's growth. 

Mr. Gildersleeve's wife passed away in 
1890. His death occurred at the family home 



at No. 159 Sixth avenue and he is survived 
by a son and daughter. His entire life had 
been passed in the first ward, and few citizens 
of that section of the borough were better 
known. 



ALVA PEARSALL. 

Alva Pearsall, numbered among the busi- 
ness men who have attained leadership as 
representatives of their respective vocations 
in Brooklyn, was for many years a leading 
photographer of the borough, and his busi- 
ness career was one of steady and consecutive 
advancement from the days when the process 
of taking pictures was that of daguerreotypes 
to the period of modern photographic art 
when the skill manifest through means of the 
camera rivals that of the painter with his 
brush and canvas. In social as well as busi- 
ness circles Mr. Pearsall was also well known 
and was identified with many of the leading 
clubs of the city. 

The Pearsall family has long been repre- 
sented 'on Long Island, but the immediate 
branch to which Alva Pearsall belonged came 
from Dutchess county, of which locality his 
father John Alva Pearsall, was a native. In 
the early part of the nineteenth century he 
removed to New Yorjc, where occurred the 
birth of Alva Pearsall, and that of his two 
brothers, Frank and Charles, all of whom 
won more than local fame as photographers. 
In their boyhood days Townsend Duryea, a 
maternal uncle, was conducting a studio in 
Williamsburg, taking pictures after the proc- 
ess given to the world by Daguerre, and 
it was under his direction that Alva Pear- 



74 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



sail familiarized himself with the new art, 
in 1856. Not long afterward Mr. Duryea 
went tO' Australia, leaving his gallery in the 
care of his nephew. About that time daguerre- 
otype work was supplanted by the begin- 
nings of the modern processes of photography, 
and, keeping abreast with the progress of the 
times, Mr. Pearsall mastered the new meth- 
ods and along those lines continued his efforts 
until a short time prior to the Civil war, when 
he went to the West Indies, being one of the 
earliest visitors to carry a camera to those isl- 
ands. He made several trips to the islands 
and brought back many pictures of historical 
and geographical interest. 

Soon after the Civil war Mr. Pearsall en- 
tered into partnership with Mr. Brady, the 
New York photographer, and in 1872 he 
opened a studio at the corner of Fulton street 
and Flatbush avenue, Brooklyn, where he re- 
mained until that building was demolished, 
when he located at No. 597 Fulton street, con- 
tinuing there up to the time of his demise. 
His patronage came from the leading people 
of Brooklyn, and his work was much more 
than the transference of a likeness to the 
camera plate, for he possessed the artistic 
sense which appreciated the value of light and 
shadow, of harmony of tone and color and 
pose, and moreover, his understanding of hu- 
man nature led to his selection of the proper 
moment to secure a photograph which would 
give the most natural expression of his sub- 
ject. Modern processes of photography were 
employed by him, as his business career was 
one of continuous advancement, and he also 
gave to the profession a number of important 
improvements, including one which he pat- 
ented and which has come into general use 



in Brooklyn under the name of the "alva- 
graph." 

While his business interests won for Mr. 
Pearsall a wide general acquaintance, he also 
gained many warm personal friends and was 
well known in the social life of the city. He 
belonged to the Oxford, the Union League, 
the ^Montauk and the Union clubs, all of 
Brooklyn, and among his associates therein 
expressions of deep regret were everywhere 
heard when was received the news of his 
death. He is survived by "his widow and their 
only daughteh 



SAMUEL SPRING HASKELL. 

Samuel Spring Haskell, who was widely 
known in connection with the leather trade 
and who in Brooklyn was noted for his activ- 
ity in church work, reached the very vener- 
able age of ninety-five years. He was born 
in Newburyport, Massachusetts, and in early 
youth entered business life in Boston, but after 
a few years removed to New York and be- 
came connected with the leather trade in that 
part of Manhattan known as "the swamp." 
He became prominent among the merchants 
there, and for long years was a representative 
of that line of commercial activity. During 
that period of the Civil war he exercised his 
efforts in another field of labor, engaging in 
fiJling government contracts for the supply 
of sacks to contain grain. In this way he 
amassed a large sum of money, and in fact all 
of his business operations were so carefully, 
systematically and judiciously managed that 
they were crowned with success. 

Throughout his active business career, how- 
ever, Mr. Haskell found time and opportunity 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



75 



to devote to church work, and while in Bos- 
ton he was one of a committee which pre- 
vailed on Dr. Lyman Beecher to become pas- 
tor of the Stone Congregational church there, 
a church which under the ministrations of 
that prominent divine became famous through- 
out the country. When Mr. Haskell came to 
Brooklyn he united with Plymouth church 
and was one of the committee that called 
Henry Ward Beecher, the distinguished son 
of Dr. Lyman Beecher, to the pastorate of 
the latter church. He was always prominent 
in the affairs of Plymouth church, and for fif- 
ty years had occupied one pew. He took a 
helpful interest in the various church activi- 
ties, contributed generously to the financial 
support of the church and did everything in 
his power to promote its growth and extend 
its influences. 

Mr. Haskell and his wife Jived to celebrate 
their seventy-fifth wedding anniversary, Mrs. 
Haskell dying the following month. They 
had one son, who is still living, Benjamin 
Haskell. Samuel Spring Haskell attained the 
very ven'erable age of ninety-five years and 
passed away after a residence of more than 
a half century in Brooklyn. 



LYMAN DANIELS MORSE. 

The Morse family, of which Lyman Daniels 
Morse was a representative, was founded in 
America in 1635 by Samuel Morse, who set- 
tled in New England. Many of his descend- 
ants have become successful business men and 
some have attained fame, notably Professor 
Samuel Finley Breese Morse, the inventor of 
the telegraphic system. 



Lyman D. Morse was born in Paris, Maine, 
and after mastering the elementary branches 
of learning entered the Normal Institute of 
his native city, from which he was graduated. 
His entrance into business life was as an em- 
ploye of Joseph Burnett, a chemist of Boston, 
in whose service he remained for fourteen 
years, during which proijiotion followed pro- 
motion until he, was. made general manager. 

In 1872 Mr. Morse married Clara Meacham, 
daughter of a well known merchant of Man- 
hattan, and with his bride went abroad, re- 
maining in Europe three years, during which 
time he interested himself in the introduc- 
tion of American manufactures. After his 
return he was identified with the advertising 
business of Manhattan, being connected with 
the house of J. H. Bates, which had had a 
co'ntinuous existence from 1849. He was soon 
admitted to a partnership, and this relation 
was maintained until a short time prior to 
the death of Mr. Morse, when he purchased 
Mr. Bates' interest and became the senior 
member of the firm, admitting H. Henry 
Douglass to an interest in the business. He 
was well known to newspaper publishers 
throughout the country, and had gained a 
clientage which represented a vast amount of 
advertising business, which was carefully sys- 
tematized and conducted with the regularity 
and precision of a well managed institution. 
Mr. Morse's popularity and prominence in 
social circles in Manhattan and Brooklyn were 
attested by the many expressions of deep re- 
gret that were heard in the clubs to which 
he belonged when the news of his death was 
received. He belonged to the Union League 
and the Lincoln Clubs; to the New England 
Society of Brooklyn; and to the Press Club 



76 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



and the Hardware Club of Manhattan. He 
was also a member of the Morse Society which 
preserves the history and traditions of the 
family, and was identified with the Twilight 
Club, at whose summer home in the Catskills 
he was a regular visitor. 

Mr. Morse died at the age of sixty years, 
leaving a widow and daughter, the latter 
the wife of Gerald S. Curtis of Manhat- 
tan. He had resided for many years with his 
family in Brooklyn, and he was liberally en- 
dowed with those qualities which prompt and 
continue friendships, so that he had become 
widely known in the borough. 



HENRY U. PALMER. 

Henry U. Palmer, who maintains a hand- 
some residence at 216 Clinton avenue, Brook- 
lyn, New York, occupies a prominent place 
among the enterprising men of the city who 
have contributed largely to its industrial and 
commercial' interests. Mr. Palmer was born 
in Chester, Ohio, February 26, 1849, "^"^^ '^^ 
a descendant of a family who came to this 
country in the ship that followed the "May- 
flower," and settled in Stonington, Connecti- 
cut, where in all the relations of life they were 
found true to every trust reposed in them. 

Chester Palmer, father of Henry U. Pal- 
mer, was born in New York state, but later 
removed to Chester, Ohio. Having a natural 
as well as an acquired aptitude for agriculture 
he devoted his attention to that occupation, 
also to mercantile pursuits. It was largely 
through his instrumentality that the wool- 
growing industry developed so rapidly in the 
state of Ohio, and he also took an active in- 



terest in improving the condition of the stock. 
Mr. Palmer always exercised his right of 
franchise in support of the men and measures 
of the Whig and Republican parties, and tak- 
ing an active interest in town affairs. He was 
united in marriage to Achsa Melvin, daughter 
of Alonzo Melvin, whose ancestors took a 
prominent part in the Colonial wars. Six 
children were born to them, three of whom are 
now living, namely: Charles E., a resident of 
Ohio; Lowell M. and Henry U. Palmer. The 
family were active and consistent members of 
the Presbyterian church of Chester, Ohio. Mr. 
Palmer died in 1898. 

Henry U. Palmer attended the local schools 
of Chester, Ohio, where he acquired an excel- 
lent literary education. He resided on his 
father's farm until he attained the age of 
twenty years, when he came to Brooklyn, New 
York, and entered into the cooperage business 
with his brother, Lowell M. Palmer. They 
have been associated for twenty-five years, and 
during that time the business has grown in 
volume and importance, owing to the fact that 
the brothers possess those attributes of char- 
acter which insure success — perseverance, in- 
dustry and capable management — which have 
been strengthened by wise use through the 
years of an honorable and active business 
career. They have a very extensive plant and 
give employment to a large number of people 
during the entire year. Mr. Palmer is a mem- 
ber of the Eastern Parkway Golf Club, and 
the Transportation Club of New York. For 
the past thirty years he has been connected 
with the Lafayette Avenue Church, of which 
he is a trustee, and he also acts in the capacity 
of trustee of Adelphi College of Brooklyn. 

In 1879, Mr. Palmer married Sarah E. Dex- 




Thu Lewis Puhh's'hin^.i 



W.TSa.iks^.NY 




HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



79 



ter, daughter of George Dexter, whose fore- 
fathers participated in the Colonial wars. 
Their children are Austin P. and Chester U. 
Palmer. 



HENRY D. HEISENBUTTEL. 

Henry D. Heisenbuttel, deceased, well 
known in commercial circles in Brooklyn, was 
born in this borough December 23, 1863, was 
prepared for business life by a liberal educa- 
tion in the public schools, and through con- 
secutive endeavor and careful management 
attained a leading place among the coal mer- 
chants of his native city. In early manhood 
he became identified with, the coal trade, and 
in his later years was a member of the 
well known firm of Mouquin, Ofiferman & 
Heisenbuttel. He was also ' president of the 
New York & New Jersey Dry Dock & Trans- 
portation Company, and thus became an act- 
ive factor in business life in his native bor- 
ough. 

Socially Mr. Heisenbuttel was connected 
with the Montauk and Bushwick clubs. In 
early life he held membership in St. Mat- 
thews' Lutheran church and afterward be- 
came a member of the First Reformed church. 
He married Miss Meta Otten, who with three 
children survives him. He died in the midst 
of a very active, successful and honorable busi- 
ness career. 



LEONARD MOODY. 

Leonard Moody, a financier and one of the 
most extensive real estate operators of Brook- 
lyn, was born September 28, 1839, in the vil- 
lage of East Pittston among the mountains of 



Maine, where his father conducted a farm. 
The son remained thereon until twelve years 
of age, after which he spent four years at 
sea. On the expiration of that period he re- 
turned to East Pittston, and with the capital 
saved from his earnings purchased a farm, 
of which he is still the owner. Two years 
latef in 1857 he went to Virginia, where he 
engaged in dealing in whiteoak timber for 
use in ship-building. Two years were de- 
voted to that business, after which he again 
returned to Maine, locating on the Penobscot 
river near the Canadian line. There he resid- 
ed until the Confederate forces attacked Fort 
Sumter, when, in response to the first call 
for volunteers to defend the Union, he hurried 
southward to Fortress Monroe, Virginia. La- 
ter, subsequent to the time of McClellan's re- 
treat, Mr. Moody aided in raising the Twenty- 
first Regiment of Maine Volunteers, and with 
that command proceeded to New York and 
thence to the front. He became seriously ill 
with fever contracted in the Virginia swamps 
in 1863, and by reason of this, being thus in- 
capacitated for active duty, was honorably dis- 
charged. 

Mr. Moody then located in New York, 
where he was married in 1864 tO' Miss Mar- 
ianna Henrietta Quantin, who was of French 
lineage, a daughter of Henri Quantin, an im- 
porter of French comm.odities. On their wed- 
ding journey they visited his native state, and 
Mr. Moody determined to locate upon his 
farm there. He afterward devoted his atten- 
tion to agricultural pursuits until January, 
1869, at which time he returned to New York, 
and, recognizing the possibilities of Brook- 
lyn as a field for real estate operation, he 
opened an office in Flatbush avenue in this 



80 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



borough. His unwearied industry and close 
attention to his business enabled him to se- 
cure a very extensive patronage, and to-day 
he is classed among the foremost representa- 
tives of real estate operations in the city. He 
leases houses to over one thousand of the citi- 
zens of Brooklyn, and under his supervision 
was built the largest apartment house in the 
city, called the Fougera, which returns an 
annual rental of over sixty thousand dollars. 
He negotiated the sale of the site now oc- 
cupied by the Federal Building of Brooklyn 
and has instituted many important real estate 
transfers, which have contributed to the de- 
velopment of the city. He was the principal 
factor in the re-organization and building of 
the Brooklyn Real Estate Exchange and was 
chosen its first vice president. In financial 
circles his name and influence are also well 
known. He was one. of the organizers of the 
Kings County Bank, and for many years has 
served on its directorate. He is likewise a 
director of the Co-Operative Building Bank 
and of the Hamilton Trust Company, and of 
the City's Savings Bank is a trustee. 

Deeply interested in community affairs, Mr. 
Moody has given helpful support to various 
enterprises wMch have contributed to ma- 
terial, aesthetic, intellectual and social develop- 
ment in Brooklyn. He is a member of the 
Amaranth Dramatic Society, the Crescent 
Athletic Club, the Brooklyn Riding and Driv- 
ing" Club and the Union League Club. In 
Masonry he has attained the' thirty-second 
degree of the Scottish Rite, the Royal Arch 
degree in the York Rite and is a member 
of Kismet Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He 
also belongs to the U. S. Grant Post, G. A. R., 
and he was one of the incorporators and is 



now a trustee in the Museum of Arts and 
Sciences, "while of the Montauk Club he was 
one of the founders and is still one of the 
directors. His influence in Republican coun- 
cils is a potent element, and yet he has con- 
tinually declined to accept political prefer- 
ment, desiring to advance the interests of his 
party and borough through the avenue of pri- 
vate citizenship. 



H. F. BURROUGHS. 

H. F. Burroughs, who under the pressure 
of necessity and the stimulus of opposition 
rose to prominence in trade circles of Brook- 
lyn, exemplified that fact that no country of- 
fers the advantages tO' its citizens as great 
as those furnished by America. Unhampered 
by caste or class the people of this land may 
rise through the inherent force of character 
and the exercise of indomitable industry to 
positions of power and influence, and thus it 
was that Mr. Burroughs became one of the 
leading representatives of commercial inter- 
ests in his native city and won the proud 
American title of "a self-made man." 

He was born in Brooklyn, September 26. 
1828, and his life span covered almost sev- 
e^nty-three years. His father, Thomas Bur- 
roughs, was born in Newtown, Long Island, 
but when H. F. Burroughs was only four 
years old he lost both of his parents. He is 
survived by an only sister, Miss Susan Bur- 
roughs, who still resides in Brooklyn. "When 
he was six years of age the scene of his resi- 
dence shifted from Brooklyn to a farm in 
Ouogue, Long Island, and while performing 
various duties incident to farm life he also 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



81 



had the privilege of attending the country 
schools until he was sixteen years of age. 
Then life began for him in earnest, and from 
that time forward he was dependent entirely 
Upon his own resources for a livelihood. Liv- 
ing adjacent to the sound, he had spent much 
time upon the water and when he put aside 
his text-books he decided upon a seafaring 
life, sailing on the whaling vessel Roanoke 
upon a cruise that lasted for a year. The 
vessel left Greenport, Long Island, in 1844. 
Dangers and privations are always incidents 
of such a voyage, but the brave and reso- 
lute spirit with which he met these called 
forth the elemental strength of his character 
and developed his latent powers. During this 
cruise he visited the Azores, Cape de Verde 
islands, the Falkand islands, off the coast of 
Patagonia and thfe island of St. Helena. In 
1845 ^r. Burroughs started upon a second 
whaling expedition on the Roanoke and vis- 
ited many points of interest, including the 
Sandwich islands and various southern Pa- 
cific ports. After a two years' cruise, which 
proved one of interest and instruction, im- 
parting to him knowledge and experience of 
great practical value, he returned to New York 
and for a year thereafter was connected with 
the coastwise trade, sailing between New York 
and Charlestown, South Carolina, New York 
and Philadelphia and New York and Boston. 
Mr. Burroughs then left the sea to engage 
in land pursuits and apprenticed himself to 
the carpenter's trade, his term of indenture 
covering four years, spent in Brooklyn and 
Newtown, Long Island. His outlook upon 
the business world and his keen discrimina- 
tion concerning trade conditions led him to 
the belief that he might find a profitable field 



of labor as a dealer in business materials, and 
in 1852 he established an enterprise of this 
character, which, as the years passed, grew 
to very extensive proportions. For fifty years 
he continued in this line. He at first estab- 
lished his yard at Kent avenue and Morton 
street, Brooklyn, and with the growth of the 
city his business developed. For many years 
Horace F. Burroughs, H. S. Christian and 
John Morton were the most prominent deal- 
ers in building materials in Brooklyn, and 
for some years he was the last representative 
of the trio in the trade. As his business grew 
he removed his plant to Nos. 2 to 14 Taylor 
street, where he had the advantages of the 
extensive waterfront of the Wallabout Basin. 
Later he opened yards at Kent avenue and 
Hewes street, at the head of the Wallabout 
Basin, and on Johnson avenue on Newtown 
creek. In more recent years the business was 
conducted under the firm style of Burroughs 
& Company, the junior partner being Mar- 
vin Cross, who is also the senior member 
of the firm of Cross, Austin, Ireland Com- 
pany. The enterprise conducted by Mr. Bur- 
roughs for half a century grew to such exten- 
sive proportions that he became widely known 
to the trade in the east, and in business circles 
his name came to be a synoym for honorable, 
straightforward dealing. He was a director of 
the Building Materials Exchange of Man- 
hattan, and at the time of his death was the 
oldest director and stockholder in the Manu- 
facturers' National Bank. 

In 1852 Mr. Burroughs was united in mar- 
liage to Miss Ann Maria Van Nostrand, who 
died about four years prior to> his demise, and 
from the shock of her death Mr. Burroughs 
never completely rallied, for there had grown 



82 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



up in their married relation an ideal com- 
panionship which made the separation one of 
intense sorrow to him. Of their four children 
two are living, William Van Nostrand and 
Adele Burroughs. 

In the Masonic fraternity, of which he 
was long a member, Mr. Burroughs attained 
the Royal Arch degree. He belonged to the 
Hanover Club, the Amphion Musical Society 
and the Society of Old Brooklynites. He nev- 
er took an active part in politics, believing 
this incompatible with a successful business 
career, and it was along the line of commer- 
cial activity that he wrought his greatest suc- 
cess, leaving behind him a record that may 
well prove a source of inspiration. 



AUGUST WALTHER. 

Born in Brooklyn, a son of August and 
Elise (Gambs) Walther, August Walther there 
received his elementary education, and pur- 
sued advanced studies, as well as those pertain- 
ing to the profession which he was destined 
to adorn, in the art centres of Germany. From 
early childhood he gave evidence of versatility, 
displaying an innate taste for both science 
and art. The Greek classics had for him a 
great fascination. His strongest bent,, how- 
ever, was toward, music, to which he finally 
decided to devote himself almost entirely. He 
pursued his musical studies in the most cele- 
brated conservatories and under the most ac- 
complished teachers in Stuttgart and Frank- 
fort-on-the-Main, and after completing his 
course with high credit, returned to his native 
city and established himself as a teacher of 
piano and harmony, and soon came to the lead- ' 



ing rank of instructors. While teaching oth- 
ers, he was at the same time an assiduous 
student, and devoted himself unsparingly to 
perfecting himself in all pertaining to his par- 
ticular departments in the profession. He 
has long been recognized as possessing in 
rare degree the faculty not only of giving ex- 
act expression ito what he sought to communi- 
cate, but of producing in the minds of his 
pupils the clearest possible perception, and, 
withal, something of his own genuine enthu- 
siasm. As a result, throughout the land are 
scores of those who have been his pupils, who 
are now -themselves pursuing successful ca- 
reers as teachers and artists. Mr. Walther is 
also widely known as a composer, and various 
of his compositions are well known and ad- 
mired, and have elicited fervent praise from 
musical critics of the highest ability and most 
careful discrimination. Chief among his pro- 
ductions, perhaps, may be named "The Love 
Song" and "Wedding March" in his orches- 
tral suite, "Hiawatha's Wooing and Wed- 
ding." He is an authority upon the history 
of music and musicians, and has gathered a 
superb musical" library, one of the finest pri- 
vate collections in the United States. 

Mr. Walther became a most useful patron 
of music as well as public benefactor when he 
effected the organization of the Music Depart- 
ment of the Brooklyn- Institute of Arts and 
Sciences of Brooklyn. By his suggestion and 
proposal the institution became a fixed fact. 
He delivered the first lecture, one of a series, 
which were characterized by profound knowl- 
edge of his topic, and a degree of enthusiasm 
which was contagious, and which were re- 
ceived-with so great favor that they were long 




/^.^^/^ ^^.^!^^^ , 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



85 



continued. His lectures covered "The Early 
Dawn o^ Music, from the First to the Fif- 
teenth Century," and "The Music of Ancient 
Greece." As the result of intelligent and 
indefatigable effort Mr. Walther succeeded in 
placing the new department upon an aus- 
picious basis, and was actively and enthusi- 
astically identified with it until he realized 
that it did not meet with his expectations, and 
he withdrew. 

Of Mr. Walther as an artist scarcely too 
much praise could be awarded him. The lec- 
ture with which he introduced the Department 
of Music before mentioned, was illustrated 
by him at the piano, and was pronounced "a 
m.usical discourse," receiving great applause. 
His abihty as a pianist may be rightly judged 
by a few of the many criticisms he has re- 
ceived. On the occasion of a piano recital 
given at the Long Island Historical Society 
Hall, a leading local newspaper, through the 
utterance of a prominent critic, said : 

"Mr. Walther is one of the many excellent 
pianists who have taken up their residence in 
this city and established for themselves a rep- 
utation as artists by their persistent and ear- 
nest work. His programme alone furnished 
a clew to his character and musical education. 
The player who selects four composers — Liszt, 
Chopin, Schubert and Beethoven — for an even- 
ing's entertainment, must have an abiding 
faith in the cultivated taste of the public, also 
in his own ability to present such critical 
works in an acceptable manner. A special 
feature of Mr. Walther's playing is his more 
than ordinary firmness of the left hand, so es- 
sential to success in all the great masters' 
works." 



The "Brooklyn Citizen" said of his rendition 
of the last number, the "Gondoliera and Ta- 
rantella," by Liszt : 

"The graceful tempo of the first, with its 
easy, regular, gliding movement, replete .with 
complica,ted scales and passages, demanded 
an enormous technical skill in the use of the 
fingers, wrists and arms, and was a meritori- 
ous exhibition of piano scholarship and me- 
chanical execution, and the audience was not 
slow in awarding hearty tribute to the merits 
of the very clever executant, who rendered 
these numbers with a power and versatility 
that it would be difficult to excel. The con- 
cert from beginning was a decided success, and 
exceeded the expectations of the auditors." 

The same journal, in referring to a per- 
formance of Mr. Walther's orchestral suite, 
"Hiawatha's Wooing and Wedding," at a 
Seidl Society Concert, says of the "Love Song" 
and "Wedding March" : "Both compositions 
bear distinct evidence of the highest musical 
genius." 

In the career so auspiciously begun, Mr. 
Walther has not only fulfilled every expecta- 
tion which was entertained of him, but has 
steadily grown in ability, and his later pro- 
ductions — Orchestral and Chambermusic 
works — have been hailed with enthusiastic ap- 
proval wherever they have been heard. 



GERARD M. STEVENS. 

Gerard Marschalk Stevens, for almost a half 
century one of the most familiar figures in 
the courts of Brooklyn, served during the 
greater part of that time either as assistant 
or chief clerk of the supreme court of Kings 



86 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



county and enjoyed the highest respect of 
judge and lawyers. He was born in the fourth 
ward of the borough in 1828. His father, 
Joseph Stevens, was the son of an EngHsh 
arm}^ officer, who on coming to the United 
States located in Flatbush, Long Island, where 
his son Joseph was born and spent his entire 
life, the father's death occurring on the 4th 
of April, 1839. The family numbered four- 
teen children. 

Gerard M. Stevens was also a direct de- 
scendant of Major General Gerard Steadiford, 
who was an officer of the Continental army in 
the war of the Revolution and ^ died in his 
sixty-eighth year, and his funeral services 
were attended by many of the officers of the 
army and navy of the United States, the of- 
ficers of the militia and the members of the 
Cincinnati. Several official announcements of 
his death were made including one by the Or- 
der of the Cincinnati "held at the City Tav- 
ern, No. 14 Wall street tO' make ar- 
rangements for the funeral of Major General 
Steadiford, a worthy Revolutionary officer," 
while another was issued by Brigadier General 
Van Buren, requesting the officers of the bri- 
gade to attend the funeral services "and wear 
the usual badges of mourning." Mr. Stevens 
was also connected with several other dis- 
tinguished and prominent families of New 
York. 

The educational advantages which Mr. 
Stevens received were only such as the pub- 
lic schools afforded, but nature endowed him 
with strong mentality and he gained from 
the schools of experience many valuable les- 
sons that many college-bred men do not mas- 
ter. His preference was for a professional 
life, and to this end he took up the study of 



law, being admitted to the bar. Had he con- 
tinued in the courts as a practitioner he un- 
doubtedly . would have won high legal hon- 
ors and marked successes, but he directed his 
labors into the clerical fields of court work 
and his excellent equipment therefor led to 
his retention therein until his life's labors were 
ended. When a young man he filled the 
position of a clerk in the general assembly 
at Albany, and later was for a short period 
assistant district attorney under Alexander 
McCue. He was a candidate for the position 
of chief clerk of the state legislature in 1853 
and although he received the support of many 
influential Democrats in the house he was 
defeated by a combination and received only 
the position of assistant clerk. In 1854 he 
was appointed a general clerk of the su- 
preme court of Kings county, and was re- 
tained in that capacity until promoted to the 
position of chief clerk, in which capacity he 
served through consecutive years up to the 
time of his demise. In his last months, how- 
ever, the duties of the office were largely per- 
formed by others, owing to his incapacitation 
through ill health and advanced age. No 
similar position throughout the entire state 
was filled by a more capable official, court and 
lawyers recognizing his eminent fitness. He 
was appointed to the clerkship by Judge 
Greenwood, when the sessions of the court 
were held in the present borough hall, in 
the room tiow occupied by the corporation 
counsel. The men then prominent in the 
courts as lawyers or judges have long passed 
away, and when his half century of service 
ended there were no active members of the 
court who were his contemporaries at the 
outset of his official career. He was a fa- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



87 



vorite supreme court referee for many years, 
and is reputed to have made as much as twen- 
ty thousand dollars annually in referee fees. 
In this way he became a wealthy man, al- 
though in later years he lost heavily at the 
time of the great financial panic of 1873. He 
was considered an expert on foreclosure pro- 
ceedings and an authority on real estate law, 
and throughout the long term of office he 
continually broadened his knowledge of the 
principles of jurisprudence, especially in the 
department of civil law. 

Mr. Stevens was married to Miss Virginia 
Spaulding, a daughter of Colonel Seth Spauld- 
ing, of an old and distinguished Holland 
Dutch family, of Baltimore, Maryland, of 
which Bishop Spaulding is a member. She 
was also connected with the Winthrop fam- 
ily of Massachusetts, to which Governor Win- 
throp belonged. Mrs. .Stevens died in 1891. 
They had two daughters, Mrs. Morris Hol- 
lins, whose husband belonged to the celebrated 
family of New York bankers of that name, and 
Virginia. Mr. Stevens was devoted to his 
family and also had many pleasant social rela- 
tions, which brought him warm and enduring 
friendships. At the time of his death, which 
occurred December 29, 1903, he was the only 
surviving member of the old Brooklyn City 
Club, which in former years had been a lead- 
ing social organization of the borough. He was 
also the only honorary member of the Brook- 
lyn Club, and belonged to the Society of Old 
Brooklynites, the Royal Arcanum, the Legion 
of Honor and the Courts of Record Aid So- 
ciety. For many years he was a Protestant in 
his religious views, but in his later years be- 
came a convert to the Roman Catholic faith, 
in which he died, but no church or creed lim- 



ited his charity, which was one of the strong 
and characteristic forces of his nature. He 
was a man of great liberality, of broad and 
tender sympathy and of most benevolent spirit, 
and his kindliness and his freewill offerings 
to those in need made his life beautiful and 
causes his memory to be revered and cher- 
ished. 



WILLIAM McCARROLL. 

William McCarroll, leather manufacturer, 
and president of the Manufacturers' Associa- 
tion of New York, was born in Belfast, Ire- 
land, and obtained excellent educational ad- 
vantages in the Brookville Academy and the 
Royal Academical Institution in Ireland. 

He came to New York in 1869, and began 
his business career in this country by engag- 
ing in the leather trade. In 1878 he estab- 
lished a business along the same lines under 
the firm name of William McCarroll & Com- 
pany, which continued until the organiza- 
tion of the American Leather Company. This 
corporation was a consolidation of the firms 
of William McCarroll & Company and J. Park 
Potter and Company, of Wilmington, Dela- 
ware, and of this corporation Mr. McCar- 
roll has served in the capacity of vice 
president and manager since its forma- 
tion. During recent years he organized 
another leather company, of which he 
is president, and this acts in co-operation 
with the American Leather Company. He is 
a director of the Oriental Bank, New York 
city, director of the Dime Savings Bank, 
Brooklyn, director of the New York Board 
of Trade and Transportation, president of 
the Maniifacturers' Association of New York, 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



vice president of the National Association of 
Manufacturers for New York State, vice 
president of the Young Men's Christian As- 
sociation, borough of Brooklyn, member of 
the advisory committee of the Brooklyn Trust 
' Company, member of the chamber of com- 
merce, member of the board of governors of 
the' Driving Club, and a member of the Un- 
ion League Club, of Brooklyn. He resides 
at 758 St. Marks avenue, Brooklyn, New 
York. 

CARL FIQUE. 

Carl Fic^ue, director of the United Singing 
Societies of Brooklyn, is known as an accom- 
plished musician to the great mass of music 
lovers in the United States, as well as to 
thousands in Great Britain and Europe who 
in their travels have visited in New York. 

Mr. Fique is a native of Germany, born 
near Bremen, in April, 1867. Despite his 
foreign origin, he is essentially an American, 
having come ti-v the United States in his ex- 
treme youth, and acquired his education in 
Hoboken (New Jersey) Academy. With the 
taste foT music so characteristic of his race, 
he early gave himself to the divine art, and, 
after studying under prominent American 
teachers, at the age of sixteen visited his 
native land to complete his musical educa- 
tion. After three years of close study in the 
famous Leipsig Conservatory, under the most 
distinguished teachers, he returned to Brook- 
lyn in 1886, at the age of nineteen, and estab- 
lished himself as a pianist, teacher and musi- 
cal director, and, notwithstanding his youth, 
gave immediate display of such artistic abil- 
ity as to secure a foremost place before the 



most critical patrons and audiences. He was 
known as an original and delightful composer 
to a large local circle, and in 1896 he came 
into the appreciative view of the great musical 
public of the country, when he was awarded 
the first prize for a male chorus sung before 
the Philadelphia Saengerfest. This masterly 
composition, " Ach, weisst du es noch?" 
("Ah, do you recall?"), was sung in Phila- 
delphia in June of the following year by a 
chorus of thirty-five hundred voices with 
thrilling effect, and, as is well remembered by 
the writer of this narrative, brought to its 
author a splendid ovation. The composition 
has probably never since been rendered by so 
large a mass of singers, but it is yet held in 
high regard, and has frequently found a place 
upon programmes both in Europe and the 
United States. In September last (1903) Mr. 
Fique was called to the conductorship of the 
great open-air concert given by the Unite,d 
Singing Societies of Brooklyn at Prospect 
Park, and the masterly manner in which he 
directed that excellent performance naturally 
led to his selection as the director of that 
superb organization. All lovers of music will 
unite in the earnest desire that he may long 
continue in that place, not alone for the pleas- 
ure of hearing high-class music well rendered, 
but out of a warm appreciation of the effects 
of these great musical occasions in an edu- 
cational and refining way. 

Mr. Fique also directs the Musical Quar- 
tette Club, an inimitable organization, whose 
smallness of numbers and richness of individ- 
ual voices makes possible the more delicate 
effects which are becoming in the drawing- 
room and small concert chamber. He is also 
an accomplished organist, and serves most ac- 



HISTORY OF 'LONG ISLAND. 



89 



ceptably in that capacity at the fine instrument 
in the Zion Lutheran Church in Henry street. 
He is deeply read in musical literature, and 
on frequent occasions has lectured upon musi- 
cal topics before delighted assemblages of the 
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences. 

Mr. Fique is fortunate in the companion- 
ship of his wife, Mrs. Katherine Noack- 
Fique, who, with artistic tastes and enthu- 
siasm alike to his own, is also an accomplished 
pianist and vocaHst, and has delighted some 
of the most cultured and fashionable audi- 
ences with her ineflfably artistic perform- 
ances. 



ELIJAH GABBLE. 

Elijah Gabble, deceased, was for more than 
a half century numbered ?imong" the most use- 
ful citizens of Brooklyn, a leader in manufac- 
turing circles, a man of inventive genius, and 
one whose influence in the community was 
ever exerted toward its betterment in its so- 
cial and moral life. 

He was a native of England, born in Fro-me, 
Somersetshire, England, near the banks of the 
historic Avon river. He came to America and 
took up his home in the Eastern District of 
Brooklyn when a lad of fifteen. He was 
already well grounded in a practical educa- 
tion, and, while he almost immediately entered 
upon a life of toil, he gave much of his time 
to acquiring that broader knowledge which in 
after years proved his ample equipment for 
the large place he was to take in the world of 
business. 

In 1848 his brother, William Gabble, laid 
the foundations of the business of the William 
Cabbie Excelsior Wire Manufacturing Com- 



pany, at the corner of Elizabeth and Hester 
streets. New York City, whence it was re- 
moved two years later to Center street. In 
1856 a final removal was made to Union ave- 
nue and Ainslie street, Brooklyn, where was 
planted the first building of the factory which 
now covers seven full city lots. 

Elijah Gabble took employment with his 
brother William about the time the business 
was founded, being then a youth of seven- 
teen. Being possessed by inheritance of a 
rugged constitution and an indomitable will, 
and the fine moral stuff of which the captains 
of industry are made, his business rise 
was rapid and substantial. He mastered every 
detail of the manufacturing processes, and 
with a keen discernment saw opportunity for 
various improvements for which he provided 
with valuable inventions of his own, and was 
largely instrumental in making the Cabbie 
works world renowned for their product of 
fourdrinier and other wires, of copper, brass, 
and iron, iron wire cloth, sieves, screens, cages, 
etc. William Cabbie dying in 1870, the Gabble 
Brothers, EHjah, Joseph and Edward, incor- 
porated the William Cabbie Excelsior Wire 
Manufacturing Company, and continued the 
business under the masterly headship of Elijah 
Cabbie. He also survived both his brothers, 
and directed ■ the management of the works 
during the remainder of his life. 

Mr. Cabbie was a member of the Manufac- 
turers' Association of New York from its or- 
ganization, and he was for many years, and 
until a serious physical ailment sapped his 
strength, one of its leading spirits. He was 
also one of the founders of the Dime Savings 
Bank of Williamsburg, and a director in that 
institution. At various times he was con- 



90 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



nectecl with the Union League and Hanover 
' ckibs of Brooklyn. He also belonged to Crusa- 
ders' Lodge, I. O. O. F., and Progressive 
Lodge, F & A. M., and was a member of 
the Central Congregational church. 

During the last few years of his life, Mr. 
Cabbie was a great sufferer from a kidney 
disease. In the early summer of 1903 he was 
taken to his surnmer home at Islip, Long Isl- 
and, but instead of improving as had been 
hoped, his condition grew so serious as to 
cause him to hasten back to the city for con- 
sultation with a specialist. Despite the best 
medical attendance he succumbed tO' the dis- 
ease, dying on July 25, 1903, at his home, 217 
Hancock street, Brooklyn. The funeral serv- 
ices were held on Tuesday evening, Jvdy 28. 
The Cabbie home was unable to hold the 
great number of friends, relatives, business 
associates and employes, who assembled to 
pay their last respects. The floral display was 
a beautiful one ; the numerous and large trib- 
utes sent by the friends of the deceased tow- 
ered over the casket. In his eulogy the Rev. 
Dr. C. C. Creegan, assistant pastor of Cen- 
tral Congregational church, paid a glowing 
tribute to the deceased as a citizen, neighbor 
and friend, testifying to his gentle considera- 
tion for all with whom he was associated, in 
v/hatever manner ; to his large-hearted benevo- 
lence as shown in generous benefactions to the 
needy and suffering, and to his unassailable 
integrity and broad public spirit. 

Mr. Cabbie was married in 1854, to Miss 
Ruth Satchel, and the year following his death 
would have witnessed their golden wedding. 
He was survived by his wife and their four 
children— Elijah Raglan, Ruth Isabel, Lillian 
and Frank W. 



After the death of Mr. Cabbie he was suc- 
ceeded in the presidency by his nephew, Jos- 
eph C. Cabbie, who was formerly the secretary 
of the Cabbie Company. Joseph C. Cabbie is 
an active and able mart of affairs, and promi- 
nent in the life of Brooklyn, where is his resi- 
dence. The two sons of Elijah Cabbie, EHjah 
Raglan and Frank W., are also connected 
with the William Cabbie Excelsior Wire TVTan- 
ufacturing Company. The company offices 
are at 43 Fulton street. New York. 

HARRINGTON PUTNAM. 

Harrington Putnam, a leading New York 
lawyer, was born in Shrewsbury, , Massachu- 
setts. He studied in the high school at Graf- 
ton, Massachusetts, the Fort Edward (New 
.York) Institute, and at the Worcester Acad- 
emy and Colby College in Waterville, Maine, 
and subsequently pursued general studies at 
Heidelberg, Germany. He began reading law 
in the office of Colonel E. B. Stoddard, in 
Worcester, Massachusetts, meantime holding 
a clerkship in the Merchants' and Farmers' 
Insurance Company, of which Colonel Stod- 
dard became secretary. He completed his lavy' 
course in the Law School of Columbia Uni- 
versity, graduated, and was admitted to the 
bar in 1876. 

Mr. Putnam practiced alone in New York 
for a short time, but soon became a member 
of the firm of Wing, Shoudy & Putnam, which 
in 1894 became that of Wing, Putnam & Bur- 
lingham. The firm makes a specialty of mari- 
time and admiralty law, in which departments 
Mr. Putnam is mainly engaged. His labors 
extend to many foreign countries, where he 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



91 



is known as an authority upon the larger ques- 
tions entering into maritime commerce. He 
is a member of the Association for the Re- 
form and Codification of the Law of Nations, 
of London; the International Committee of 
Maritime Law, of Antwerp ; and is one of the 
Executive Committee of Maritime Law Asso- 
ciation of the United States. He has served 
as corresponding editor of the " Revue Inter- 
nationale du Droit Maritime," and the " An- 
nales de Droit Commercial, Francais, Etran- 
ger et Internationale," both published in Paris 
and devoted respectively to the discussion of 
international maritime law and of general 
commercial law. During 1890 and 1891 he 
lectured on " Proceeding-s in Rem " before the 
Law School of Columbia University. 

Notwithstanding the exactions of a large 
and highly important practice, Mr. Putnam 
has given much time and capable service to 
duties of a public character. In 1884 he was 
appointed one of the State civil service ex- 
aminers by the Commission presided over by 
Hon. John Jay, and he served thereon until 
1889. In the next year he was appointed by 
Mayor Chapin to a seat on the board of civil 
service commissioners for Brooklyn, ' and he 
was reappointed by Mayor Boody. He was 
president of the Brooklyn Democratic Club in 
the presidential campaign of 1888, and again 
in 1894 and 1895. In 1892 he was chosen in 
the State Anti-snap Democratic convention as 
a delegate to the national convention held in 
Chicago in 1892. A warm admirer of Mr. 
Cleveland, he labored earnestly in that body 
for his nomination for a second presidential 
term. 

Mr. Putnam is a prominent figure in the lit- 
erary and scientific circles of Brooklyn. He is 



a trustee of the Brooklyn Public Library, and 
the chairman of its book -committee; and is a 
trustee of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and 
Sciences, and chairman d*f its committee on 
libraries, and a member of the Long Island 
Historical Society, the Hamilton Club, and 
the Barnard Club, all of Brooklyn; and of the 
Reform Club and Down-Town Association, of 




Manhattan. His connection with maritime 
law had the result of bringing him into close 
relation with marine affairs generally, and he 
became a charter associate member of the So- 
ciety of Naval Architects and Marine Engi- 
neers, and is one of the council and executive 
committee of that organization. An experi- 
enced traveler, Mr. Putnam has had a particu- 
lar fondness for mountain climbing, and he 



92 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



has ascended anany peaks in America and Eu- 
rope. In such recreation he has made wide 
acquaintance with scientists and travelers, and 
has become connected with various societies 
whose membership is drawn from these classes 
— the American Alpine Club, the Appalachian 
Mountain Club of Boston, and the Sierra Club 
of San Francisco. He has long been con- 
nected with interests in Japan, having acted 
as consul for many Japanese institutions, and 
while visiting that country in 1894 was elected 
a member of the Asiatic Society of Japan. 

In 1904 he was married to Miss Mildred 
Smythe, youngest daughter of William G. 
Smythe, of Providence, Rhode Island. His 
town home is at 404 Washington avenue, 
Brooklyn, with a mountain abode high up in 
the Catskills, known as " Red Lodge," in the 
town of Denning, New York. 



JAMES GASCOINE. 

James Gascoine, deceased, late president of 
the People's Bank, Brooklyn, lived a life of 
great usefulness, standing not only high in 
the' ranks of the financiers of the city, but 
as a pioneer in the development of one of 
its most important residential districts — a por- 
tion of the twenty-sixth ward, in which he 
built more than one thousand homes, sufficient 
for the abodes of the entire population of 
many a city iti the interior. 

He was born July 26, 1844, on the farm of 
his father, John Gascoine, which is now in- 
cluded in the city, and is bounded on two 
sides by what is now Broadway and Cooper 
streets. James Gascoine attended the old 
North Moore street school, in New York, and 
afterwards the public schools in Flatbush. 



When he was about fourteen the illness of 
his father (who died four years later) neces- 
sitated the suspension of his studies and his 
application to labor in behalf of the family. 
He aided in the cultivation of the paternal 
farm, and afterwards took employment in a 
grocery store in Washington Market, New 
York City. Here he developed a genuine 
business ability, and about the time of coming 
of age he opened a grocery establishment of 
his own on Dean street and Carlton avenue, 
in Brooklyn. He subsequently conducted a 
milk business in Glendale, and while so en- 
gaged he came to realize the inevitable growth 
of population and' the 'necessity for provid- 
ing for it, in this exhibition of foresight antici- 
pating many who were regarded as the most 
astute real estate operators in the city. The 
region which appealed to him as most promis- 
ing and advantageous was that now compris- 
ing the twenty-seventh and twenty-eighth 
wards. He accordingly established a business 
partnership with the late John Cozine, 
and the firm of Cozine & Gascoine en- 
tered upon the work of building up 
that district, erecting houses on both sides 
of Weirfield street, both sides of Halsey 
street,' both sides of Hancock street, and both 
sides of Evergreen avenue. Mr. Gascoine was 
so occupied until 1893, with unabated activity, 
and it is a recognized fact that he was im- 
mediately interested in the construction of a 
greater number of houses than any other one 
man in the entire history of Brooklyn. 

Late in 1892 Mr. Gascoine felt that all im- 
mediate necessities had been provided for in 
the way of building, and he looked about for 
a more active field in which to employ his 
boundless energies. Realizing that the en- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



93 



larged population and consequent broadened 
business had made an opportunity, and even 
a necessity for a bank in the new district, he 
gave himself to the work of organizing such 
an institution, and as a result the People's 
Bank was opened for business in May, 1893, 
v/ith Mr. Gascoine as president. For the first 
four years he faithfully and diligently dis- 
charged the duties of the position entirely 
without compensation, using every influence 
at his command to increase the business of 
the bank, and bring to it as customers the 
best elements of the new community, for such 
it was. Latterly he devoted his entire time to 
the interests of the institution, and persistent- 
ly refused all solicitation to accept any office 
or position which would take time or effort 
which would in the least degree militate 
against his usefulness as a bank official. He 
was ever willing, however, to perform any 
labor or assume any burden which was not 
incompatible with the interests which he thus 
placed first, and he took an active part in va- 
rious public enterprises. He as a director in 
the Eastern District Savings Bank and in- 
terested in other corporations. It was his par- 
ticular distinction to be the first to advocate 
the erection of the new East River bridge, and 
recognition came in the conferring upon him 
of the appellation of "Father of the Bridge." 
It is almost needless to say that he was urgent 
and constant in pressing the necessity for the 
structure which he advocated, and he was a 
prime factor in every movement from incip- 
iency to completion. 

Of splendid social qualities and liberally in- 
formed, Mr. Gascoine was a highly regarded 
member of various leading social organizations 
— the Union League, the Bushwick Club, the 



Arion Singing Society, and the Eastern Dis- 
trict Turn Verein. Though not a professed 
church member, he was, indeed, a practical ev- 
eryday Christian, whose life furnished a living 
example for all. Generous in his disposition, he 
was a liberal contributor to all religious and 
charitable institutions, regardless of name or 
creed. His sympathy for the afflicted was 
peculiarly tender, and not only found ex- 
pression in substantial benefactions, but in 
such gifts as flowers. He often remarked that 
his greatest pleasure lay in being able to af- 
ford aid and comfort to some needy deserving 
human less fortunate than himself. Such 
genuine kindliness of heart, broad sympathy 
and charitable acts won for him the friendship 
of all who werfc brought in contact with him, 
and he was also held in high regard by a large 
business acquaintance for the happy manner 
in which he combined his business abilities and 
his large-hearted charitableness. He was par- 
ticularly admired for his services in connec- 
tion with the celebrated Relief Bazaar of 1893 
for the relief of the poor in the eastern dis- 
trict, which made distribution of many thou- 
sands of dollars' worth of food, clothing, fuel, 
medicines, etc., tO' the poor. In this beneficent 
enterprise he took a foremost part in the work 
of organization, and in bringing the work to 
its highly successful consummation. 

Mr. Gascoine was married, January 31, 
1866, to Miss Jennie Furman, a daughter of 
Joseph Furman, of Newtown. Of their mar- 
riage were born three children — a son who 
died in childhood, and two daughters : Mrs. 
Anna Hummell, to whom were born three 
children, James, Frank and Florence; and 
Mrs. Josephine Cole. 

Mr. Gascoine passed away aged sixty years. 



94 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



The funeral services were attended by one of 
the largest assemblages ever witnessed in the 
eastern district upran a funereal occasion, at- 
testing the deep respect and affection in which 
the lamented deceased was held. The inter- 
ment took place in Evergreen Cemetery. 



GEORGE B. ABBOTT. 

George B. Abbott, surrogate of Kings 
county, was born in Brookfield, Vermont, Sep- 
tember 27, 1850. His parents removed to 
Brooklyn in his early youth, and he was pre- 
pared for college at the Polytechnic Institute 
of this city. His academic education was com- 
pleted at Williams College, where he was 
graduated in 1872. He then traveled in Eu- 
rope; on returning to^ New York he began 
the study of law in the office of Abraham R. 
Lawrence, and at the law school of Columbia 
College, from which he was graduated in 
1874. He at once began the active practice 
of his profession, and in 1881, upon the re- 
tirement of the late Henry J. Cullen, Jr., from 
the office of public administrator in Kings 
county, he became his successor, and was re- 
appointed in 1886. On February 9, 1889, he 
was appointed by Governor Hill to the office 
of surrogate 01 Kings county to fill the va- 
cancy caused by the death of Surrogate Abra- 
ham Lott; and at the general election in No- 
vember of the same year he was elected as 
surrogate for a full term of six years, be- 
ginning on January i, 1890. Speaking of 
Judge Abbott's character as a judicial officer, 
the " Surrogate," a monthly journal devoted 
to subjects connected with probate law, has 
said : "Even the Hrnited time which has 
elapsed since Mr. Abbott's promotion to the 



bench has been sufficient to demonstrate his 
exceptional fitness for the high post he occu- 
pies. We have already spoken of his mastery 
of the peculiar practice and procedure of 
courts of probate. This gives him an ease and 
facility in disposing of routine business not 
easily acquired except by years of experience 
on the bench. In the higher qualities of the 
judicial office he has manifested a vigorous 
industry, a degree of painstaking care, a per- 
fect fairness and a knowledge of legal princi- 
ples and how to apply them, which has al- 
ready wen for him the confidence and appro- 
Taation of lawyers, litigants and the public, and 
assure him a career of the most honorable 
distinction among the surrogates of the state." 
Surrogate Abbott owns, in addition to his city 
residence, a fine cottage at Shelter Island, 
where he spends his summer vacation ; and 
he is a prominent figure in the social life of 
Brooklyn, being a member of the Brooklyn, 
Excelsior and Germania clubs. He is also a 
member of the University Club of New York. 



A. AUGUSTUS HEALY. 

A. Augustus Healy, who, as president of 
the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, 
has for many years past taken an active and 
intelligent interest in the advancement of its 
purposes, and has also served with conspicuous 
usefulness in public affairs, was born in Brook- 
lyn, in 1850. 

His father, Aaron Healy, a native of Maine, 
came to New York in his young manhood, and 
was one of the founders of the leather trade 
in that city. As his sons came to manhood, 
Mr. Healy admitted them to partnership with 
himself, and the firm of A. Healy & Sons con- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



95 



ducted a leading business until 1893, when, 
with other principal houses in "the Swamp," 
It was consolidated with the United States 
Leather Company. Mr. Healy was a man of 
great business ability and progressiveness, and 
in 1890 erected the Healy Building at 90 Gold 
street, New York, which was the first high 
building in the leather district, and among 
the first of its altitude in the city. He had 
a discriminating taste for art, and was the 
first in Brooklyn, where he resided, to gather 
paintings which in number and quality might 
be 'properly classed as a collection. He was 
for many years a trustee of Plymouth church, 
and in politics was an independent Democrat. 
He died in 1896. Of his three sons, Stephen 
has lived in Europe for many years ; A. 
Augustus continues tO' reside in Brooklyn ; and 
Frank is yet connected with the leather trade 
in New York. 

A. Augustus Healy received his advanced 
education in the Brooklyn Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, and on attaining his majority became a 
member of the firm of A. Healy & Sons, and 
continued therewith until the forming of the 
United States Leather Company, in which he 
became a director, and of which for two years 
past he has been vice-president. 

A Democrat in politics, Mr. Healy has ever 
adhered to the primal principles of the party, 
exerting himself to the utmost to uphold high 
standards. Pie was an early and constant ad- 
mirer of Grover Cleveland, and an earnest ad- 
vocate of tariff and civil service reform. He 
was one of the most active members of the 
Young Men's Democratic Club, and at its dis- 
solution lie was among the organizers of the 
Brooklyn Democratic Club, of which he be- 
came president. He was subsequently a mem- 



ber of the Kings county Democratic commit- 
tee, and in 1885 of the Democratic state com- 
mittee. For several years he was a trustee of 
the Reform Club, and is a member of the 
City Club. He has occupied positions in pub- 
lic service, in which he served with fidelity 
and ability. In 1884 Mayor Low appointed 
him a member of the first Brooklyn Civil Ser- 
vice Commission, and he served in that capac- 
ity until the inauguration of Mayor Whitney. 
He was collector of internal revenue for the 
district comprising Brooklyn, Long Island and 
Staten Island under the second administration 
of President Cleveland. In 1892 Mayor Boody 
appointed him upon the board of education. 

Possessed of an inherited and highly culti- 
vated taste for art, Mr. Healy has long been 
among the most active supporters of the 
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, of 
which he has been president since 1895. His 
interest in the institution has been manifested 
by the many gifts of statuary and paintings, 
and articles of vertu, gathered during his re- 
peated visits abroad. His own collection of 
paintings, from an artistic and historical stand- 
point, is among the most interesting in Brook- 
lyn. 

Mr. Healy is a member of the Art Commis- 
sion of New York city, under the municipal 
government, a trustee of the Packer Institute, 
and a member of the Rembrandt Club and the 
Hamilton Club, and a director of the Brook- 
lyn Savings Bank. He is a member of Ply- 
mouth church. He was married in 1875 to 
Miss Elizabeth Bradley, of Washington city. 
Of the four children born of this marriage 
there remains living a son, Henry W. Healy, 
a graduate of Yale College, class of 1901, and 
who is connected with the United States 



96 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Leather Company. Mr. Healy has resided for 
many years on Cblumbia Heights, Brooklyn. 



CARL VENTH. 

As composer, conductor, vioHnist and 
teacher, Carl Venth is widely and favorably 
known in musical circles throughout the East- 
ern States, in the principal cities of the West, 
and in certain sections of Europe, where he. 
has made successful concert tours, winning 
high commendation from the most discrim- 
inating critics. He is. also recognized as a 
master authority upon music and musicians, 
his knowledge covering the full history of the 
divine art. 

He is a native of Germany, born in Cologne. 
His parents were Carl Venth and the Baron- 
ess Fredericka von Turkowitz Venth, both of 
whom were possessed of musical talents which 
were transm.itted to the son. His father was 
a well known violinist, a pupil of David, and 
was also organist at the famous Cologne Ca- 
thedral. 

Mr. Venth completed his college course at 
the early age of sixteen, and at once entered 
the Cologne Conservatory, taking up the study 
of the violin under George Jepha, and of com- 
position under Ferdinand Hiller. After two 
years thus occupied, in order to broaden his 
studies, he went to Brussels, where he became 
a pupil of Henry Wieniawski and August Du- 
pont. In the same year he became concert- 
master at the Flemish Opera in Bruxelles, and 
how well his abilities had developed may be 
discerned in the fact that he was not yet nine- 
teen years of age. In 1879 ^^ made his first 
concert tour, a most successful one, through 
Belgium and Holland, assisted by Patzig, a 



pupil of Moscheles. At the close of these en- 
gagements Mr. Venth went to Paris to act 
as concert-master of the Opera Comique. 

Encouraged by his success, and seeking a 
new field for his efifort, Mr. Venth came to 
the United States in 1880, a year before at- 
taining his majority, and made his public de- 
but in Boston (then the musical centre of the 
country), at the Bay State Concerts, with 
Rive King. He was received with great cor- 
diality, and in the following year toured the 
eastern States and the west as far as St. Louis. 
On his return he became concert-master , at 
Rudolph Rial's concerts in New York, relin- 
quishing this position at a later day to accept 
an invitation to play in the Metropolitan 
Opera House Orchestra under Dr. Leopold 
Damrosch and Anton Seidl. This engage- 
ment continued for four years, and was of 
value to Mr. Venth in affording him oppor- 
tunity for learning the tastes and demands ot 
music-lovers from all portions of the country. 
He perceived that, while grotesque stage situ- 
ations provoked applause, there remained an 
unsatisfied feeling which could only be re- 
lieved by music of a characte-- suited to the 
theme. He also discovered the existence of 
crude talent needful of proper training, and 
these considerations led him in 1888 to take 
up his residence in Brooklyn and open the 
Venth Violin School. This, for many years 
past one of the most notably usetul and suc- 
cessful schools of music in Greater New York, 
is now represented in all portions of the 
United States by performers of marked ability 
who have acquired from their masterly teacher 
something of his own characteristic and mas- 
terly technique, while his influence has indel- 
ibly impiressed upon them deep appreciation 




C^/iu l^-c-i^JA^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



99 



of the highest forms of composition and de- 
veloped in them a genuine style of expression 
all his own. 

While devoting himself industriously and 
conscientiously to his pupils, Mr. Venth abated 
nothing of his interest in public music, but 
proved most enterprising in organizing and 
conducting musical associations. He entered 
upon these tasks with that unbounded enthu- 
siasm which can only spring from a real love 
of art, for sake of itself alone and of its effect 
as an educating and uplifting power, entirely 
disassociated from petty commercial consider- 
ations. In 1889, the year after he had opened 
his Violin School, he became leader of orches- 
tral concerts with the Seidl Orchestra, and 
the following year organized the Brooklyn 
Symphony Orchestra, and these are notable as 
the first attem.pts at Sunday night symphony 
concerts in Brooklyn. In 1891 he formed the 
Venth Quartet, and in 1896 he became leader 
of the Euterpe Orchestral Society, and con- 
ductor of various minor organizations, among 
them being the Poly-Orchestra and Dramatic 
Association, and the Hoadley Orchestra. In 
1897 he was elected conductor of the Brook- 
lyn Mannerchor. For twelve years past he 
has been a member of the Manuscript Society, 
of which he is a director at the present time. 
Mr. Venth has made for himself a splendid 
and widely known name in the field of musical 
authorship. A great many of his compositions 
in smaller form, for violin and piano and voice, 
. numbering more than one hundred and fifty 
titles, have been pubhshed by Mr. Venth's 
publishers : " The American Elite Edition," 
Pond & Company, Church & Company, A. I. 
Schmidt, in Boston; Schuberth, in Leipsig; 
Schott & Freres, in Bruxelles, and the London 



Music Publishing Company, in London. The 
greater number of his larger works are yet in 
manuscript form, but many of them have had 
public performances, among them being an or- 
chestral suite, " Forest Scenes," under Anton 
Seidl ; a violin concerto played at Albany by 
the composer, Frank von der Stucken leading 
the orchestra; the String Quartet, several 
quintets, a sonata for viofin and piano, and 
various other chamber-music compositions ; a 
suite for string orchestra given at the old 
Chickering Hall, and his dramatic cantata, 
" Hiawatha's Wooing," which has been given 
very many times, and which, in whole or part, 
is adiniringly known all dver the United 
States. In more recent years, and subsequent 
to his marriage, he has produced his largest 
and most elaborate works— a three act romantic 
opera, " The Rebel '' ; a one act musical drama, 
" The Fisherman " ; a comic opera, " Ozone " ; 
and a song cycle,' " Myth Voices." 

In the fullprime of a splendid manhood,' 
Mr. Venth has not yet reached the zenith of 
his mental and professional powers, but gives 
evidence of a constant progressive develop- 
ment. Music is his very existence, and his 
inspiration in all which enters into his life. 
With all his enthusiasm, in his art, he pre- 
serves a perfectly balanced temperament and 
is entirely devoid of affectation. His fine phys- 
ical development, his breadth of shoulders and 
almost massive head, might to a stranger sug- 
gest his fondness for athletic sports and a dis- 
inclination for indoor occupation. But his 
voice, musical and well modulated in conver- 
sation, and the almost feminine beauty of his 
hand, with its delicate muscular play, sug- 
gestive of his fondness for his favorite instru- 



100 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



ment, would soon undeceive the observer, and 
reveal to him the true artist. 

Mr. Venth was married, July 13, 1898, to 
Miss Cathinka Finch Myhr, of Christiana, 

Norway. 



CHARLES CYRIL MARTIN. 

Faithfulness to duty and strict adherence 
to a fixed purpose in life will do more to ad- 
vance material interests than wealth or ad- 
vantageous circumstances. The successful 
men of the day are they who have planned 
their own advancement and have accomplished 
it in spite of many obstacles and with a cer- 
tainty that could have been obtained only 
through their own efforts. Of this class was 
Charles C. Martin, whose death by heart fail- 
ure at the summer home of his son. Lieutenant 
Kingsley L. Martin, at Far Rockaway, on the 
morning of July 11, 1903, took from the great 
.thoroughfare of life a truly great character. 
He was born in Springfield, Bradford county, 
Pennsylvania, August 30, 1831, a son of 
James and Lydia (Bullock) Martin, grandson 
of James and Judith (Read) Martin, and a 
descendant of John Martin, who came from 
England about 1666 and settled in Swansea, 
Massachusetts. His ancestor's lineage has 
been traced to Martin de Tours, who came 
into England with William the Conqueror, and 
who was of the same stock as Saint Martin. 

The parents of Charles C. Martin settled 
in Pennsylvania when Bradford county was 
on the very verge of eastern civilization, and 
amid the surroundings of frontier farm life 
he became familiar with the details of farm- 
ing and lumbering and laid the foundation for 
the vigorous health which he subsequently en- 



joyed. He availed himself of every opportunity 
for study and reading, and at the age of seven- 
teen was an acknowledged authority in land 
surveying and had taught a district school. 
At the age of twenty-three years he entered 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute at Troy, New 
York, and by the aid of money earned in teach- 
ing a parochial school and by giving private 
lessons to students of the Institute, he was 
enabled to complete his course of study in 
civil engineering and was graduated with high 
honor in 1856. For a year he remained at the 
Institute as a teacher, and in 1891 was unani- 
mously elected to the office of director of his 
alma mater — an office which is usually called 
presidency in other colleges — but this he de- 
clined as he did also the professorship which 
was tendered to him. From Troy he came 
to Brooklyn, where he secured a position as 
rodman in the engineering department of the 
Brooklyn water works, then in course of con- 
struction, at a salary of $1.50 per day. He 
rose within two years to the position of as- 
sistant engineer under James P. Kirkwood, 
and supermtended the construction of three 
of the reservoirs and eight miles of the great 
conduit. He perfected his knowledge of iron 
work and bridge building in the works of the 
Trenton Locomotive Machine Manufacturing 
Company, and during his service there his 
merits carried him swiftly upward and he was 
soon made superintendent of the works. 

During the war of the rebellion Mr. Mar- 
tin was engaged both in bridge construction 
and the manufacture of arms, from the Spring- 
field musket to the eleven-inch Dahlgren gun, 
often giving employment to as many as three 
hundred mechanics. At the outbreak of hos- 
tilities he was engaged in the construction of 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



101 



an iron bridge across the Savannah river on 
the Savannah & Charlestown Railroad, and 
owing to the interruption of railroad com- 
munication along the seaboard he was obliged 
to make a long detour in order to reach his 
northern home. The iron which was to have 
been used in the construction of the railroad 
bridge was subsequently melted into shot and 
shell for the use of the Confederates. In 1864 
he was employed as an expert by the United 
States government in a series of boiler ex- 
periments at the Brooklyn navy yard, con- 
ducted with a view to ascertaining the re- 
spective merits of the horizontal and vertical 
tubular boilers for the navy. When peace 
was restored he was employed by the city of 
Brooklyn to lay the forty-eight-inch main 
along Atlantic avenue to the Ridgewood reser- 
voir, through which the water has since been 
obtamed. Later he became identified as chief 
engineer with the making of Prospect Park, 
and in this capacity sank the great well, at 
that time the largest in the world, and per- 
fected the system of road building, and sub- 
drainage which has added so much to the per- 
fection of the city's chief pleasure-ground. 
The most important epoch in his professional 
career began when he became first assistant 
engineer under Colonel Washington A. Roeb- 
ling, chief engineer of the New York and 
Brooklyn Bridge. Prior to this he assisted John 
A. Roebling in sinking the huge caissons upon 
which were to rest the foundations of the 
bridge. During his incumbency of the office 
of first assistant engineer he had full charge of 
the execution of the work, the employment of 
men, the purchase of materials and the audit- 
ing of bills, and he has often stated with pride 
that every bill for supplies, aside from those 



furnished through contracts awarded to the 
lowest bidders, bears his signature, attesting 
that the goods were received and that the 
prices were those demanded in the open mar- 
ket. Mr. Martin was one of the most active, 
industrious and competent members of his pro- 
fession, and for nineteen years, until the of- 
fice was abolished by the consolidation of the 
Department of Bridges in January, 1902, he 
held the position of chief engineer and super- 
intendent of the New York and Brooklyn 
Bridge, having been appointed to that respon- 
sible position upon the retirement of Colonel 
W. A. Roebling. January, 1903, completed 
thirty-three years of sfrvice on the Brooklyn 
Bridge, and more than forty years of pro- 
fessional service on public works in Brooklyn. 
His record presents an example of faith un- 
broken, duties satisfactorily performed, and of 
the beneficent effect which can be exerted upon 
associates and subordinates by a personal and 
magnetic influence. He was a member of the 
American Society of Civil Engineers, and an 
honorary member of the Brooklyn Engineers' 

Club. 

In August, i860, Mr. Martin married Mary 
A. Read, daughter of General Jonathan Read, 
of Rensselaer county. New York, a direct de- 
scendant of Governor Bradford and other 
Puritan sires, and a lady of intellectual ability 
and of varied and extensive reading in both' 
English and German. Their children are: 
Mrs. J. J. Hopper of New York; Mrs. 
George Blatchford of Pittsfield, Massachu- 
setts; Charles Boynton Martin, an electrical 
enguieer; and. Lieutenant Kingsley L. Martin, 
resident engineer on the Williamsburg sus- 
pension bridge. 



102 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



JUNIUS A. FULLER. 

Junius A.. Fuller, deceased, was a represen- 
tative of one of the old colonial families of 
Puritan ancestry. At an early epoch in the 
history of the settlement of New England the 
progenitor oi the family in America settled in 
Massachusetts, and the great-grandfather of 
Mr. Fuller was one of the founders of the 
town of Ludlow in the Bay State. Later gen- 
erations removed to Albany, New York, and 
it was in that city that Junius A. Fuller was 
born, on the 24th of December, 1820. He 
was a pupil in the public schools there prior 
to entering upon a course of study in the 
Albany Academy, in which institution he was 
graduated. In the meantime he had served as 
a page in the state senate, by appointment of 
Hugh Hastings, editor of the Coimnercial Ad- 
vertiser. 

Following his graduation Mr. Fuller entered 
upon his business career in the service of the 
People's Line Steamboat Company, whose 
boats, plying between Albany and New York, 
had been longer upon the river than those of 
^ny other established company. His close ap- 
plication and adaptability won him successive 
and rapid promotion, and he eventually became 
one of the owners of the line and a director 
of the company. At the close of the Mexi- 
can war he was in command of the steamer 
North America, which was used as a trans- 
port to convey the returning American troops 
up New York harbor, and for his kindness 
and generosity displayed on this occasion he 
received a note of thanks and appropriation 
from the common council of New York. 

From the time of becoming a resident of 
Brooklyn until his death Mr. Fuller was a 



well known factor in the business life of the 
borough, especially prominent as a represen- 
tative of its productive industrial interests. In 
boyhood a schoolmate and throughout life a 
warm personal friend of WiUiam Howard, 
in 1853 Mr. Fuller united his interests with 
Mr. Howard in a business venture under the 
firm style of Howard & Fuller, manufacturers 
of ale and porter. The enterprise proved suc- 
cessful, and in the course of years theirs be- 
came one of the oldest established breweries 
of the country, as well as one of the most ex- 
tensive, the product being shipped to all parts 
of the United States. Even when he had 
reached an age at which most men, having 
achieved success, would retire from the field 
of business, he continued an active factor in 
the control of the business and in the enlarge- 
ment of its scope. He was always devoted to 
the business, giving it his whole time and 
undivided energies, and the effect of his super- 
vision is shown in a comparison with -the ex- 
tensive brewery of to-day with the small 
establishment from which it sprang and the 
local trade of years ago with the widely ex- 
tended business of the house at the present. 
In the early days of his business career in 
Brooklyn he was the contemporary and per- 
sonal friend of many leaders in New York 
business circles, including Thurlow Weed and 
Commodore Vanderbilt. When the latter be- 
gan the construction of the famous Hudson 
River Railroad, he remarked to Mr. Fuller 
that he had better give up the steamboat busi- 
ness and join him in his railroad undertaking. 
Mr. Fuller did not relinquish active participa- 
tion in business affairs until a few years prior 
to his death, which occurred in 1903, when he 
was in his eiehtv-third vear. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



103 



On coming to Brooklyn he established his 
home in Washington street, then a fashionable 
section of the city, where he remained until 
1865, when he removed to No. 419 Grand 
avenue.- He is survived by his two sons, 
James W. and William F. Fuller, and four 
grandchildren. A charter member of Com- 
monwealth Lodge No. 409, F. & A. M., he 
was for many years active in that organiza- 
tion. The fortune which his enterprise won 
he wisely used for the comfort of his family 
and the happiness of others, giving generous- 
ly but always unostentatiously for the relief 
of the needy and distressed, and yet it was 
characteristic of him that he never mentioned 
his bfnefactions or wished to have them 
known to- the general public. 



JOHN SCHULTHEISS. 

John Schultheiss, a prominent figure in Ger- 
man musical circles of Brooklyn and one 
whose success was attained through the utili- 
zation of opportunities which surround all and 
by the exercise of unflagging industry and un- 
abating energy, made his home in this bor- 
ough for thirty years. A native of Bavaria, 
Germany, he was born in Hammelburg, in 
1844. The days of his boyhood and youth 
were uneventfully passed in a manner simi- 
lar to that of most lads of the middle class, 
and he early learned the value of industry, 
economy and honesty as factors in business 
Hfe. 

Attracted by the possibilities for advance- 
ment and the acquirement of success in the 
new world, he crossed the Atlantic when about 
thirty years of age and established his home 



in Brooklyn, becoming a representative of its 
commercial interests by opening a meat mar- 
ket in Wythe avenue. He was not long in 
securing a good trade among the German- 
Americans of 'that district and afterward he 
admitted Louis Stutz to partnership, the rela- 
tion being maintained for fifteen years. At 
the end of that time they discontinvted the 
business, and Mr. Schultheiss established a 
wholesale hog slaughter house. Through the 
careful investment of his funds, keen discrim- 
ination in conducting trade relations and by 
honorable methods that won him an unassail- 
able reputation and gained for him a good 
trade, he became one of the prosperous resi- 
dents of his section of Brooklyn, and in his 
later years was thus enabled to enjoy all the 
comforts and many of the luxuries of life. He 
had just made arrangements for a trip to 
California with his old friend. Colonel John 
Rueger, when stricken with his last illness. 
As his financial resources increased he made 
judicious investment in real estate and was 
the owner of considerable valuable property, 
including the postal station building on Gra- 
ham avenue. 

Mrs. Schultheiss passed away about ten 
years prior to his death. They are survived 
by three daughters, two of whom are mar- 
ried. The single daughter is a member of 
the Arion Women's Chorus. Mr. Schultheiss 
was for many years prominent and influential 
in musical circles among the German-Ameri- 
can citizens of Brooklyn. He belonged to the 
Zoellner Maennerchor and Arion Societies, 
which sung a last farewell to their departed 
member at the funeral services held on the 
5th of February, 1904. 



104 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



HAMILTON H. SALMON. 

Among the most enterprising and success- 
ful of the great merchants of the metropoHs, 
and noted as a society and cofiUion leader of 
Brooklyn, New York, is Hamilton H. Salmon, 
a member of the firm of H. H. Salmon & Co., 
importers and exporters, conducting business 
at 88 Wall street. New York city. 

Hamilton H. Salmon, father of Hamilton 
H. Salmon, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, 
the son of Captain Salmon, who was in the 
service of the English^ army, belonging to the 
One Hundred and Third Regular Queen's 
Guard, and for valor and bravery was retired 
on full pay, after which he came to Baltimore, 
Maryland, and entered into the shipping busi- 
ness. Mr. Salmon acquired his education in 
the public schools of Baltimore, and upon at- 
taining his majority came to New York city 
and established the present extensive import- 
ing and exporting business now carried on by 
his son. He was very successful in this en- 
terprise, and was soon recognized as an au- 
thority in the trade. He was one of the 
founders of the New York Produce Exchange, 
and before its organization delivered a speech 
.from the top of a flour barrel at the corner 
of Front and Moore streets, New York, in 
favor of the movement. In his political affilia- 
tions he was an adherent of the principles of 
the Republican party, was an eloquent speaker 
and stumped the state for Senator Beach, of 
Orange county. New York. In his religion he 
was an active member of the Washington 
Avenue Baptist Church, and served for many 
years as chairman of tile Long Island Church 
Extension Society. He was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Butler, a daughter of Alice 



(Morris) Butler, the latter named being a 
daughter of Robert Morris, of Colonial 
times. Mr. Salmon had a handsome and com- 
modious country seat at Cornwell, Orange 
county. New York. Flis death occurred in 
1889, he being then sixty-nine years of age; 
he was survived by his widow who is living at 
the present time (1903). 

Hamilton H. Salmon obtained an excellent 
education in the public schools and at the 
Cobb Military Academy at Cornwell-on-the- 
Hudson, and after completing his studies en- 
tered his father's office. Shortly afterward 
he was admitted as a partner in the firm, and 
upon the death of his father he became the 
senior member of the firm, carrying .on the 
business successfully ever since. He is also 
president of the Little Giant Fire Extinguisher 
Company of New York. For many years Mr. 
Salmon was a member of the Lafayette Ave- 
nue Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn, but in 
1893 he joined the membership of the New 
York Avenue Church of the same city. He is 
an honorary member of the Tandem Club of 
New York City, and a member of various 
Brooklyn clubs, the more prominent ones 
being the Crescent Athletic Club, the Riding 
and Driving Club, of which he is a director, 
and the Whip Club, the foremost tandem club 
of America, of which he is president. He is 
the owner of many fine horses, one of whom, 
" Flashlight," has never been beaten ; he has 
one hundred and seventy-eight ribbons which 
were awarded, to him, one hundred and seven 
of which are first, and champions for four-in- 
hand and tandem driving. He was awarded 
a silver cup for the champion high stepping 
horse, and he has also a number of .other cups 
and trophies won at various exhibitions. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



107 



On November 12, 1889, Mr. Salmon mar- 
ried Miss Jessie Sweetland, a daughter of 
Henry D. Sweetland. They have one child, 
Hamilton H. Salmon, Jr. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Salmon are prominent society people, taking 
an active part in all social functions, and en- 
tertaining lavishly at their beautiful and com- 
modious home, 1 1 54 Dean street, Brooklyn, 
New York. 



PROF. ANTON SBRIGNADELLO. 

Anton Sbrignadello, Professor of Music, 
and proprietor of the College of Music, 
founded in 1888, was born in Venice, Italy, 
May I, 1856, the son of Charles and Jennie 
(Bullo) Sbrignadello. 

Professor Sbrignadello was reared in his 
native city, where he acquired his literary ed- 
ucation, and at a very early age he displayed 
a talent for music which he inherited from his 
grandfather, for whom he was named. When 
he reached the age of fourteen years Jie was 
called the youthful Paganini bv the leading 
papers and periodicals, on account of his bril- 
liant executions on the violin. Shortly after- 
ward he went to Milan, Italy, in order to 
thoroughly complete his musical education, 
and was graduated from the conservatories 
there with the degree of Master of Music 
when he attained the age of nineteien years. 
He then traveled through Italy and Russia, 
remaining in the latter country several years, 
where he was successfully engaged in teach- 
ing music in all its various branches and in 
arranging and conducting concerts. Profes- 
sor Sbrignadello then came to the United 
States and acted in the capacity of Prpfessor 
of Singing, Piano and Violin at the Conserva- 

6 



tories of Music in New York city. Resigning 
from this position in 1888, he established a 
College of Music which is situated at 529 
Franklin avenue, near Fulton street, Brook- 
lyn, New York, where a complete course of 
study in voice, piano, violin, guitar, mandolin, 
and all orchestral instruments is given under 
the preceptorship of competent professors. 
The college is expressly adapted to the use 
to which it is devoted, namely : the instruc- 
tion and cultivation of vocal and instrumental 
music in all its branches, affording the director 
unusual facilities for overseeing all depart- 
ments, and permitting many lessons and exer- 
cises to be conducted at the same time with- 
out disturbing each other; it also contains a 
music room for the private college concerts or 
musical receptions given by the professors or 
students to their friends, which are always 
well patronized by the most cultured and se- 
lect class of society, as well as the prominent 
musicians of Brooklyn. He makes a specialty 
of voice culture, teaching by the Italian 
method, and the advance made by his pupils 
can only be attributed to the painstaking and 
patient care given to each one of them by the 
Professor, whose capabilities as a teacher can- 
not be surpassed. 



CHARLES THOMAS BARTON. 

Charles Thomas Barton, who is one of the 
representatives of journalism in Brooklyn dur- 
ing the middle portion of the nineteenth cen- 
tury, becoming widely known to the citizens 
of this borough, and who was afterward well 
known as a paper manufacturer of Williams- 
burg and oi New England, was born on the 
15th of July, 1824, in England, where he 



108 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



spent the first twelve years of his life. He 
then accompanied his father to America, the 
family home being established on South Third 
street, Williamsburg, where the boy was 
reared. After completing his education he 
entered business life as a society reporter on 
Noah's Sunday Times. He had been more or 
less familiar with newspaper work throughout 
the period of his youth, for his father was 
the editor and publisher of the Old Country- 
men, a periodical of Williamsburg. 

After acting for some time as a reporter 
Mr. Barton was employed for a number of 
years as proof-reader on some of the leading 
daily journals of New York, and when the 
careful management of his finances made it 
possible for him to engage in business on his 
own account he joined his father in a print- 
ing enterprise at No. iii Fulton street, New 
York, under the firm style of Barton & Son. 
This business was attended with a fair meas- 
ure of success and about the same time 
Charles T. Barton edited the Typographical 
Union; a weekly publication. It was but a 
step farther into the field of paper manufactur- 
ing, and for a number of years Mr. Barton 
was well known as one of the leading repre- 
sentatives of that line of industrial activity 
in New England, to which portion of the 
country he removed in 1876, going to Wind- 
sor Locks, Connecticut, to become the fore- 
man of the Seymour Paper Company. He was 
identified with several large productive in- 
dustries of that character up to about 1896, 
when he retired from business life. He then 
removed to Springfield, where his remaining 
days were passed, his death there occurring 
on the 29th of March, 1904. 

Charles Thomas Barton is well remembered 



by the older citizens of Brooklyn, especially 
in the Williamsburg district, for during his 
residence there he became prominent in pub- 
lic afifairs and popular in social circles. He 
was a memiber of the Forty-seventh Regiment 
and a sergeant of one of its leading companies. 
He was also identified with a Masonic lodge of 
that locality. In his boyhood days he became 
a communicant of St. Mark's Episcopal church 
and retained his membership therein up to 
the time of his death. 

In April, 1858, Mr. Barton was married in 
Williamsburg to Miss Anne Angula Tappen, 
the wedding ceremony being performed by 
the late Dr. Haskins in the old Protestant 
Episcopal church of St. Marks in Bedford 
avenue. Mrs. Barton was the daughter of 
Colonel Charles Tappen, formerly a well 
known and influential citizen of Williamsburg. 
She is still living, as are four of their sons : 
George Frederick Barton, a well known resi- 
dent of Flatbush; Charles Barclay; Robert 
and Edward. 



THOMAS J. CARLETON. 

Thomas J. Carleton, who was one of the 
well known Democratic leaders of Manhattan 
and for years exercised a strong and potent 
influence in the afifairs of Tammany Hall, 
maintained his residence in the borough of 
Brooklyn for a long period. He was born 
in New York and came of an old Quaker 
family. The period of his boyhood days 
passed as did that of most lads of the time 
who enjoyed the sports of youth and mas- 
tered the branches of education taught in the 
public schools. When still quite young he 
became deeply interested in political questions 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



109 



and ere attaining his majority he took an act- 
ive part in the political work of his ward. 
His ability for leadership was soon recognized, 
and throughout his active career he main- 
tained a close and intimate connection with 
Democratic circles in Brooklyn and New York. 
He had no aspirations for office, but gave a 
determined and earnest support to the prin- 
ciples of his party and labored untiringly 
for its success. 

In the meantime Thomas J. Carleton se- 
cured a position in the navy yard of Brooklyn, 
and while thus employed formed the acquain- 
tance of Hugh McLaughlin, to whom he was 
bound in strong ties of friendship for nearly 
half a century. At length he resigned his 
position in the navy yard in order to engage 
in an independent venture as proprietor of the 
Liberty Pole Inn. This he established about 
1853 at the corner of Columbia and Stanton 
streets in Manhattan, successfully conducting 
it until his retirement from business about 
eight years prior to his death. In front of 
the inn was a liberty pole, which is still stand- 
ing and which gave to the place its name. 
This became a famous resort of leading poli- 
ticians of New York, and for a number of 
years was regarded as headquarters by all 
the prominent leaders of Democrats on the 
lower east side. Many political movements 
were there planned and put into execution, 
and Mr. Carleton himself was an important 
factor in forming the measures and guiding 
the work of the party in the city. He had 
a number of rooms in the inn tastefully and 
beautifully fitted up, and these were always 
at the disposal of the Tammany politicians. 

Mr. Carleton maintained his residence in 
Brooklyn for many years, and it was in his 



honor that the Carleton House on Kent ave- 
nue of the borough of Brooklyn was named, 
being so called by its owner, Frank Seaman, 
who was a warm personal friend of Mr. Carle- 
ton. 

In the early days of Brooklyn before the 
growth of the city demanded a fire depart- 
ment the members of which should give their 
entire time to their duties in this connection, 
Mr. Carleton was a volunteer fireman, be- 
ing one of the original members of Live Oak 
Company No. 44. When this company was 
organized it was considered one of the best 
equipped and trained in all New York. He 
held membership with the Columbia Club and 
also in Putnam Lodge No. 328, F. & A. M., 
and he had the social, genial nature which 
attracted to him warm personal friendships. 
The death of his wife occurred some years 
prior to his demise. He is survived by two 
children: Thomas J. Carleton, Jr., and Mrs. 
Lydia M. DeLacy. He died at the age of 
seventy years, and thus passed away a figure 
well known in both Brooklyn and Manhat- 
tan. 



GEORGE M. BOARDMAN. 

George M. Boardman, a member of the 
firm of Patterson, Boardman & Co., of New 
York city, was born at the corner of Greene 
avenue and Adelphi street, Brooklyn, New 
York, July i, 1864, a grandson of William 
Boardman, a native of Wales, who subse- 
quently became a prominent factor in the in- 
dustrial and social Hfe of the town of 
Nashua, New Hampshire, where his death 
occurred in 1856; he also served as a min- 
ute-man during the war of 1812. Elbridge 



110 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Henry Boardmaii, father' of George M. 
Boardman, was born in Nashua, New 
Hampshire, and his entire business career 
as boy and man has been spent in the em- 
ploy of the Fairbank Scale Company, 
whom he is now serving in the capacity of 
m,anager of the scale departmentj He was 
for many years a well known resident of 
Brooklyn, New York, but two years ago 
took up his residence in Englewood, New 
Jersey. 

George M. Boardman received his educa- 
tion in the public schools of Brooklyn, and 
at an early age entered the importing house 
of Patterson, Downing & Co., with whom 
he remained until 1895, when the firm of 
Patterson, Boardman & Co; was organized. 
They import all sorts/ of raw material and 
dispose of their stock to manufacturers, and 
by their honorable and straightforward 
business dealings soon won an enviable rep- 
utation which they have sustained up to the 
present time. Mr. Boardman is a member 
of the Crescent, Marine and Field Clubs of 
Brooklyn, also of the Downtown Associa- 
tion of New York city. Since his boyhood 
he has been connected with the Lafayette 
Avenue Church, in which he takes a deep 
and active interest, having served for six 
years as deacon of the church and librarian 
of the Sunday school for twelve years. 

On June 9, 1887, Mr. Boardman married 
Catherine Worthington, daughter of George 
Worthington, a member of an old and hon- 
orable Vermont family. They have an at- 
tractive home at 470 Ocean avenue, Brook- 
lyn, New York, where their friends and ac- 
quaintances are always warmly welcomed. 



HERMAN A. METZ. 

Mr. Metz is a native of New York city, 
born October 19, 1867. He came of an ex- 
cellent German family, several of whose mem- 
bers were professors in various German uni- 
versities. His father, Edward Metz, was born 
in the city of Hamburg and came to the United 
States about 1840. He was then a young 
man, excellently well educated, and eventu- 
ally established himself in the wholesale jew- 
elry trade and carried on a large and success- 
ful business for many years. At the same time 
his scholarly tastes remained with him, and 
he was known as a most capable and discrim- 
inating litterateur. His death occurred in 
1885. 

The son, Herman A. Metz, received his ed- 
ucation in the public schools of New York 
city, and Newark, New Jersey, having the ad- 
vantage of one year in the commercial course 
in the Newark High School after he had left 
the grammar school below. He was now four- 
teen years of age, and he came as an office 
boy into the employ of P. Schulze-Berge, im- 
porter of aniline colors and chemicals, of 
whose establishment he. was destined in course 
of time to become head. He gave his every 
effort to mastering the business in which he 
had become engaged, and at the same time 
attended the Cooper Union Night School, 
where he gave special attention to chemistry, 
as necessary to his complete equipment for 
his chosen calling. So satisfactory was his 
progress as a student that he was graduated in 
due course, and for two years afterward and 
until other exactions pressed upon him he was 
employed as an assistant in the laboratory. 
Meantime he was making similar advance- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



113 



ment in the house in which he labored during 
the day hours, and was in turn given a posi- 
tion in its laboratory, made salesman, and 
placed in charge of the Boston branch of the 
business, and this before l^e had attained his 
majority; and, later, of the Chicago branch. 
During all these years, from his first employ- 
ment, he was the support of his mother and 
three younger brothers. 

In 1896 the business, which had some years 
prior become a partnership under the name 
of Schulze-Berge & Koechl, was incorporated 
under the name Victor Koechl & Co., and 
Mr. Metz was made vice-president and treas- 
urer, and he occupied both these positions unjiil 
January i, 1899, when he came to the presi- 
dency. On July I, 1903, he became president 
of the newly organized corporation, H. A. 
Metz & Co., who succeeded to the dye stuff 
department of Victor Koechl & Co. He is 
also president of the Consolidated Color and 
Chemical Company of Newark, New Jersey, 
where their chemical works are located on the 
Passaic River. The business controlled by 
these various corporations is among the most 
extensive of their class in the country, and 
the sole management is vested in him who 
came into the parent establishment as a lad 
about twenty-two years ago, and who is now 
practically sole owner of each of the various 
corporations. 

Mr. Metz is also largely interested in and 
a director of several manufacturing and com- 
mercial corporations. He is a director of the 
Guardian Trust Company, of New York, and 
the Borough Bank of Brooklyn, and president 
of the Guardian Savings Bank of Brooklyn. 

Mr. Metz, through his interest in public 
affairs and his broad knowledge of men and 



affairs, has been drawn into association with 
many of the leading commercial, politico-eco- 
nomic and social clubs of New York and 
Brooklyn. He is a member of the Chamber 
of Commerce, the Merchants' Association, the 
Board of Trade and Transportation, and the 
Manufacturers' Association, all of New York, 
and the National Association of Manufactur- 
ers; the American Chemical Society, the So- 
ciety of Chemical Industry of London, and the 
Verein Deutscher Chemikle of Dresden. He 
is also a member of the Metropolitan Mu- 
seum of Art, American Museum of Nat- 
ural History, the Botanical Society, the 
Brooklyn Institute of Arts, a director of the 
Brooklyn League, a trustee of the Reform 
Club, and Chemists' Club of New York, and 
president of the National Civic Club of Brook- 
lyn, and a member of the following named 
clubs : The Salmagundi and New York Ath- 
letic, of New York ; the Crescent Athletic, the 
Lincoln, the Riding and Driving, and Bush- 
wick and Germania Clubs of Brooklyn. He is 
a Mason, and has attained to the thirty-sec- 
ond degree, Scottish Rite, and is a Knight 
Templar and Shriner. His political affiliations 
are with the Democratic party, and he is prom- 
inent in the poHtical and civic affairs of the 
Greater New York. He is president and was 
the organizer of the Kings County Democratic 
Club, and is also president of the Brooklyn 
Democratic Club, a member of the Democratic 
Club of New York, and of the Democratic 
County General Committee and Finance Com- 
mittees of Kings County. He is deeply inter- 
ested in educational affairs, and was a mem- 
ber of the New York Board of Education and 
of the School Board of Brooklyn. He was 
Brooklyn's candidate for the nomination for 



114 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



president of the board of aldermen in 1903, 
and in 1902 was tendered a congressional nom- 
ination, but declined for business reasons. 

Mr. Metz's principal business office is with 
H. A. Metz & Company, at No. 122 Hudson 
street. New York, with branches in Boston, 
Philadelphia, Providence, Chicago, Qiarlotte, 
N. C. ; Atlanta, Ga. ; San Francisco, Cal. ; 
Montreal and Toronto, Canada, and Ham- 
burg and Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany. 
His residence is in Brooklyn, where he main- 
tains a beautiful home on Clinton avenue. 



HORACE M. WARREN. 

The ancestry of Horace M. Warren, both 
lineal and collateral, was distinctively Ameri- 
can. The family was founded in Massachu- 
setts as early as 1629, John Warren, the first 
representative of the name in the new world, 
coming from the southern coast of England 
and establishing his home in Watertown, Es- 
sex county, of the Massachusetts colony. He 
was accompanied by his brother Richard War- 
ren, who' located at Plymouth, Massachusetts. 
With the early history of New England dif- 
ferent generations of the family were actively 
identified, and aided in shaping the public 
policy of that portion of the country. Various 
representatives of the name served as soldiers 
of the American army in the war of the Revo- 
lution. 

Horace M. Warren, a son of Horace M. 
and Hannah (Laith) Warren, was born in Wa- 
tertown, Massachusetts, April 22, 1816, and 
pursued his education in the public schools. 
The financial circumstances of the family made 
it necessary that he provide for his own sup- 
port at an early age, and when but a mere 



boy he began work in a mill. Later he went 
to Yarmouth, Maine, where he was employed 
in the manufacture of Morocco leather for 
shoes. He continued in that position until 
eighteen years of ^e, when he went to Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, but later returned 
to Yarmouth, and subsequently came to New 
York as a passenger on a sloop. He then 
sought employment in a Morocco leather man- 
ufacturing house, in which he was employed 
for a year, and on the expiration of that pe- 
riod he made a trip to Buffalo, New York, 
going by way of the Erie canal, seven days 
being consum.ed in covering the distance from 
i\lbany to his destination. Mr. Warren con- 
tinued a resident of Buffalo for some time, 
and then returned on what was called an 
express passenger boat, making the trip in 
three days, which was then considered very 
quick time. He was nineteen years of age 
when he again established his home in New 
York, and for some years thereafter he was 
employed by various leather manufacturers, 
including William H. Burbank, with whom 
he was associated as an employe for several 
years, after which he entered into a partner- 
ship. Their factory was located at Laurens 
street, now West Broadway, Brooklyn, in 
what was called "the Swamp." After three 
years the business relation was dissolved and 
Mr. Warren continued alone in business on 
Jacob street. Subsequently he was located on 
Ferry street, and afterward at No. 52 Spence 
street from 1876 until the building was burned 
down. During this period his business had 
undergone many changes, so that it was neces- 
sary to maintain only an office. Mr. Warren 
continued in active connection with the trade 
until 1886, when he retired permanently from 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



115 



the leather business. He had from early boy- 
hood been identified therewith, and had been 
in constant touch with its progress and irp- 
provements. In his youth he mastered every 
detail of the trade, gaining that broad practical 
experience v/hich proved one of the strong 
elements in his success in later years. With- 
out recourse to speculation and along the lines 
of safe and legitimate business activity he won 
very desirable success, becoming a recognized 
factor in financial as well as industrial circles. 
He was one of the founders of the Williams- 
burg Savings Bank, became one of the trus- 
tees of the institution and at the time of his 
death was the oldest member of the board. 
He was also one of the founders of the Cross- 
town Railway Company, and in this enterprise 
was associated with General Slocum, Dennis 
Strong and James Waterbury. He was alert 
and enterprising, recognizing readily the busi- 
ness opportunities and so shaping conditions 
that his labors were attended with a large 
measure of success, that enabled him to pass 
beyond the ranks of the many and stand 
among the successful few. 

In his political views Mr. Warren was an 
earnest Republican, familiar with the questions 
and issues of the day, yet never a seeker for 
political preferment or advancement. He was 
pubHc-spirited, and because of a deep and 
earnest interest in the welfare of his borough 
and his co-operation in many measures for the 
general good gave tangible proof of his cham- 
pionship of whatever tended to promote pub- 
lic progress along lines that have wrought for 
the city's improvement. 

Mr. Warren was united in marriage to Miss 
Caroline A. Heath, of New Hampshire, and 
to them were born three children, of whom 



one daughter died in infancy ; Horace M., 
who was engaged in the real estate business 
in Denver, Colorado, died January 17, 1904. 
Clement is the only surviving child. Mr. 
Warren passed away January 24, 1901, after 
a residence of two-thirds of a century in New 
York and Brooklyn. In an analysis of his 
life work it is found that reliability and pro- 
gressiveness in business, loyalty in citizenship 
and devotion to his family were among his 
strongest and most commendable characteris- 
tics, and won for him deep and unqualified re- 
gard that caused his death to be greatly re- 
gretted, although he had compassed a life span 
of more than fourscore years. 



HENRY P. MORGAN. 

Henry P. Morgan, a leading financier, and 
the late president of the Brooklyn Savings 
Bank and the Nassau Gas Light Company, 
was born in Colchester, Connecticut, July 20, 
182 1, a son of Avery Morgan, a native of 
Connecticut, and a Revolutionary soldier. He 
was closely related to George D. Morgan, the 
Rev. William F. Morgan, first pastor of St. 
Thomas's church of New York, and Edward 
D. Morgan, ex-governor of New York. 

Henry P. Morgan was educated at the fa- 
mous Bacon Academy at Colchester, Connecti- 
cut, came to Brooklyn at thirteen years of 
age, and at once began his business career as 
a clerk in a drygoods store owned and con- 
ducted by his brother, William Morgan. In 
1850 his brother died, and Henry P. Morgan 
conducted the business successfully for many 
years. Subsequently he established a store in 
the St. Ann's building on Fulton street, which 
he conducted until 1867, when he retired from 



116 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



mercantile life and became president of a New 
York life insurance company. It was through 
his instrumentality that the Nassau Gas Light 
Company was organized; he became its first 
president and held the office up to the time 
of his decease. In the fall of 1880, upon the 
resignation of Hosea Webster, Mr. Morgan 
became the president of the Brooklyn Savings 
Bank, having been thirty years a trustee and 
for several years vice-president. He was a 
member of the Brooklyn City Guard, and at 
the commencement of hostilities between the 
north and south he was an active factor in 
the formation of the Twenty-third Regiment. 
He was a director of the Brooklyn Bank, trus- 
tee of the Brooklyn Hospital, trustee and 
secretary of the Packer Collegiate Institute, 
and was in sympathetic relation with many 
organizations of charity and benevolence. He 
was the senior warden of St. Ann's church on 
the Heights, of which he had been a member 
for almost half a century. 

Mr. Morgan married Miss Hicks, daughter 
of George A. Hicks, and she with three daugh- 
ters survives him. His death, from heart 
trouble, was very sudden ; after leaving the 
office of the Nassau Gas Company he was 
taken ill in the street, and expired the same 
evening at his late residence. The following 
article by St. Clair McKelway appeared on 
the editorial page of the Brooklyn Eagle : 

"The death of such a man as Henry P. Mor- 
gan is a calamity. He had reached the ripe 
age of seventy-three, but he enjoyed such a 
vigorous constitution, he was so well poised 
and energetic, that few who met him in his 
business and social connections realized that 
he had passed the biblical limit of three score 
years and ten. He was a representative citi- 



zen in the broadest sense of the term. 'Enter- 
ing mercantile life in Brooklyn in the earlier 
days of the city's life, he amassed a compe- 
tency, and then identified himself with local 
financial institutions, serving with distinction, 
and continuing the successes previously 
achieved in his private business. As president 
of the Brooklyn Savings Bank, the oldest in- 
stitution of the kind in the city, he brought 
to bear the mature business judgment and 
good sense which had been exercised in his 
mercantile career, and which has resulted in 
placing the bank in the front rank among the 
savings institutions of the country. 

■'When the Nassau Gas Company was 
formed Mr. Morgan was asked to accept the 
presidency of the corporation. He knew noth- 
ing of this branch of manufacturing, but he 
at once set himself to work to master the 
subject, and he has made a most excellent 
head for the company during the entire pe- 
riod of its existence. He was not merely the 
president in name, but gave his personal at- 
tention to every matter relating to the busi- 
ness. Success followed his efforts here, as 
in the department of banking. The works of 
the company have been enlarged from time 
to time, and its stock now commands a large 
premium. Whatever he puts his hand to, that 
he performed vigorously and faithfully, and 
success uniformly followed his efforts. 

"On the social side Mr. Morgan's life has 
been especially praiseworthy. For many years 
he has been a trustee of the Brooklyn Hospi- 
tal, a warden of St. Ann's church, and a trus- 
tee of the Packer Institute. In each of these 
several positions of great usefulness he was 
undeviatingly faithful, attending meetings 
regularly and giving his personal attention to 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



117 



all matters of business. He never sought pre- 
ferment of any kind, but when duties were 
thrust upon him he brought to their perform- 
ance a high sense of duty, which would not 
be satisfied with anything short of his best ef- 
forts. These commanding abilities, as a busi- 
ness man and as an actor in the social life 
of Brooklyn, were accompanied by a spirit of 
extreme modesty. Boasting of his successes 
was as far removed from his nature as any- 
thing possibly could be. He was a symmetri- 
cally developed Brooklyn citizen. His career 
furnishes a valuable lesson as to what may 
be accomplished by a patient continuance in 
well-doing with a noble purpose kept constant- 
ly in view." 

Mr. Bryan H. Smith, successor to Mr. Mor- 
gan as president of the Brooklyn Savings 
Bank and for many years intimately associated 
with him in business, financial and other rela- 
tions, when asked for a few characteristics of 
Mr. Morgan, replied tersely but with great 
sincerity: "He was a gentleman." He was 
of unsurpassed ability as a banker, and to 
his able and conservative conduct of the bank 
much of the credit must be given for its high 
standing and excellent credit. He was respon- 
sible for the erection of the new bank build- 
ing, but died before it was occupied in June, 
1894. He was always conservative and care- 
ful in making investments for the bank. Mr. 
Smith was also associated with him as a trus- 
tee of Packer Institute, of which he was sec- 
retary of the board, and in all his relations 
he showed the same good judgment and abil- 
ity. 

The following article is some of the im- 
pressions made by the life of Mr. Morgan on 
his pastor, the Rev. Dr. Alsop of St. Ann's 



church : "Mr. Morgan was tall and handsome 
in personal appearance, of kindly manner and 
gentle bearing. For a long time warden of 
St. Ann's chuch and highly esteemed in every 
activity of his life, he had been many years 
superintendent of the Sunday-school, and was 
always greatly interested in every department 
of church work. He was one. of the first to 
welcome me to Brooklyn when I came to take 
charge of the parish, pledging me his con- 
tinued support and up to his death he fulfilled 
that pledge. He was one of the last links 
in the parish connecting the new St. Ann's 
church with the old, and at last when he was 
called away the parish felt it had sustained 
not only a great but an irreparable loss. Lives 
such as he lived and characters such as he 
possessed are among the most precious posses- 
sions of church and of society." 



JAMES D. LEARY, 

James D. Leary, who in the development 
and control of extensive and important indus- 
trial enterprises, became a well known pro- 
moter of commercial activity in the boroughs 
of Brooklyn and Manhattan, stood as a rep- 
resentative of that class of American citizens 
who find in necessity, competition and intri- 
cate business conditions the spur of ambition 
and the stimulus of effort that lead to large 
successes. He was born in Montreal, Canada, 
in 1837, had but meager educational privileges 
and came to New York a poor boy, but he 
possessed a resolute spirit and unfaltering 
industry, which, combined with scrupulous 
carefulness in the p'erformance of whatever 
duty devolved upon him, led to his promo- 
tion in the business world. He was sixteen 



118 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



years of age when he was given employment 
in his uncle's shipyard, and in the course of 
a few years, in recognition of his faithfulness 
and his mastery of every task assigned him, 
bringing him an intimate, practical and ac- 
curate knowledge of the business, he was ad- 
mitted to a partnership. Some years after- 
ward he became sole proprietor, and it was 
largely through his ship-building industry that 
he accumulated his wealth, which was consid- 
erable. He constructed more than three htm- 
dred vessels in his original yard, and during 
the Civil war was appointed by the govern- 
ment to the position of superintendent of con- 
struction and repairs for the United States 
revenue marine. For the Lloyd's Register 
he held for nine years the post of their sur- 
veyor for the. United States. In 1883 he sold 
his shipyard to Theodore Havemeyer and pur- 
chased Greenpoint property on Newtown 
creek, where he not only conducted a ship- 
building enterprise but also large lumber yards 
and an extensive timber farm. 

As a general contractor Mr. Leary has been 
connected with much work in the harbor, his 
largest contracts being those for the docks at 
Governor's island. Forts Hamilton and Schuy- 
ler and Willets Point, the construction of 
the gun beds for nearly all the United States 
coast fortifications, 'the improvement of the 
Harlem ship canal and the building of a sec- 
tion of the famous Harlem river speedway. 
He also was awarded large contracts by the 
Astor estates for the reclamation of water- 
front property. No single enterprise, how- 
ever, brought him more fame than the so- 
called "Leary rafts." He conceived the idea 
of saving freights by floating heavy timber 
in enormous cigar-shaped rafts clown the coast 



from Nova Scotia to his Brooklyn timber 
yards. The first Leary raft was destroyed at 
sea in 1887, and he thereby lost about thirty- 
five thousand dollars. In 1890 the wisdom 
of his plan was proved when he succeeded in 
bringing safely through a raft much larger 
than the original one, it being seven hundred 
and fifty feet long, and the profits upon this 
undertaking not only indemnified him for his 
former losses but also netted him fifty thou- 
sand dollars. 

From the time when he purchased his 
uncle's interest in the shipyard Mr. Leary was 
never associated with a partner until his son, 
Daniel J. Leary, entered into partnership with 
him as manager of the contracting work. La- 
ter his youngest son, George Leary, was his 
partner in the dredging business, conducted 
under the corporate name of the Morris & 
Cummings Dredging Company, of which con- 
cern Mr. Leary was the principal stockholder. 
His invested interests also extended to other 
enterprises. He was a director of the Long 
Island Railroad Company, the North Side 
Bank of Brooklyn and a director and vice- 
president of the Hofifman House Company. 
He resided for many years in Brooklyn, but 
spent his last twelve years with his family at 
the Hofifman House, Manhattan, where he 
died April 11, 1902. His intense and well 
directed activity m business circles continued 
to the end. From the outset his career was 
one of steady progress. His worth found 
ready recognition and he was promoted from 
time to time, each advancement affording him 
new opportunity for development. To him 
there came the attainment of a distinguished 
position in connection with the great material 
industries of the country, and his efforts were 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



119 



so discerningly directed along well defined 
lines that he seemed to have realized at any 
one point of progress the full measure of his 
possibilities for accomplishment at that point. 
Mr. Leary possessed the distinctive social 
qualities which wins friends. His widow sur- 
vives him. One son, Sylvester N. Leary, who 
was proprietor of the Columbia Iron Foundry 
of Brooklyn, died in 1901. Their living chil- 
dren are Daniel, George and Marie Leary. 



EDWARD KAUFMANN. 

Edward Kaufmann, the present county clerk 
of Kings county, and a lawyer of much ability, 
is recognized as one of the representative citi- 
zens of Brooklyn, and is held in high esteem 
for his valuable services in connection with 
the Brooklyn public library, which, to a large 
extent, through his energy and intelligent ef- 
fort, has been placed in the front rank of in- 
stitutions of its character. 

Mr. Kaufmann was born in |:he City of New 
York, September 17, 1856. He received his 
education in the public schools, and studied 
for his profession, that of law, first in the 
office of Deane & Chamberlain, and later with 
Sherman & Sterling, in New York. He was 
admitted to the bar in 1882, and at once en- 
tered upon a career of constantly increasing 
usefulness and distinction. He was first asso- 
ciated in practice with Judge Arnow, under 
the firm name of Kaufmann & Arnow, which 
partnership was continued until- 1890, since 
which time he has been a jnember of the firm 
of Davis & Kaufmann, with offices in the Emi- 
grants' Savings Bank building, in Chambers 
street, Manhattan borough. The firm enjoys 
an unusually large and lucrative practice in 
real estate law, and is regarded as one of the 



strongest combinations in the city in that par- 
ticular department. Mr. Kaufmann is deeply 
interested in liis profession. 

Mr. Kaufmann became a resident of Brook- 
lyn in 1887, and at once identified himself 
with many of its most important public move- 
ments. His chief activity has been along pro- 
gressive educational lines. He was for a num- 




ber of years chairman of the board of educa- 
tion of the Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum, 
and a member of the Educational Alliance. 
His principal interest, however, has been in 
connection with that great educational institu- 
tion, the Brooklyn public library. He became 
a member of its board of trustees under ap- 
pointment by Mayor Van Wyck, was reap- 
pointed by Mayors Lowe and McClellan ; be- 
came chairman of the law committee, succeed- 



120 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



ing the late Judge Clements; and is now also 
a member if the executive committee. He is 
counsel for the Carnegie Library Committee. 
His relationship to these bodies and his active 
participation in their affairs did not bound his 
activity. He gave his attention to every de- 
partment of library work. His effective work 
has been generously recognized, and he is a 
principal sharer in the credit awarded for rais- 
ing the Brooklyn public library to the high 
place of fourth in importance in the United 
States in respect to material. 

Mr. Kaufmann is prominent and favorably 
known in connection with various leading 
charitable and benevolent institutions. He is 
a director in the Hebrew Orphan Asylum of 
Brooklyn ; a member of the Hebrew Benevo- 
lent Association ; vice-president of the Peo- 
ple's Hebrew Institute of the Eastern Dis- 
trict; a member of the Brooklyn Jewish Hos- 
pital, and of Temple Israel. Fraternally he 
is a member of Ayreth Lodge, Free Sons of 
Israel ; of Empire City Lodge, F. and A. M. ; 
of Austin F. Price Council, Royal Arcanum; 
and of Brooklyn Lodge, No. 22, Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. Socially he is 
a member of Aurora Grata Club, and the 
Unity Club. In ah these various bodies he is 
deservedly popular and influential, recognized 
as standing for the best citizenship of Brook- 
lyn — a man of broad human sympathy and 
charity, progressive, enterprising and public- 
spirited. 

Mr. Kaufmann is a Democrat in politics, 
and is an active participant in party affairs. 
Prior to his removal to Brooklyn he was prom- 
inent in affairs in the Eleventh Ward of the 
old city of New York. He has been for some 
years a member of the Democratic county com- 



mittee. In 1903 he was elected county clerk, 
a position which he has occupied creditably, 
devoting to his duties the same industry and 
scrupulous fidelity which he has given to his 
personal and professional affairs. 



JOHN H. O'ROURKE. 

Few men have been more widely known 
to all classes of Brooklyn citizenship than 
John H. O'Rourke, by reason of the extent 
and importance of his business interests as 
a contractor of public works and as president 
and treasurer of the Hygienic Ice Company, 
his activity and influence in pohtical circles 
and his generous support of church and be- 
nevolent enterprises. Added to all this was 
a personality that won him warm friendships 
and caused his death to be regarded as a per- 
sonal bereavement to the large majority of 
those with whom he had come in contact. 

Mr. O'Rourke spent his entire life in Brook- 
lyn, his birth having occurred in the old tenth 
ward at 39 Dean street in February, 1840. 
He was a son of Patrick and Mary O'Rourke, 
and the family borne at the time of his birth 
was an old farm house which stood near the 
corner of Dean and Court streets until a 
few years ago. The family name has been 
known in modern Brooklyn for half a century 
or more. In 1830, when many Irish emi- 
grants came to this city, Patrick O'Rourke ar- 
rived in the borough and not long afterward 
opened a blacksmith shop on Jay street near 
High street. He 'was then the only black- 
smith in South Brooklyn, having become the 
successor of Peter Green, who had established 
a smithy in 1818. This smithy was destroyed 
in 1832. Later Mr. O'Rourke became a con- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



121 



tractor and as such was for many years fa- 
vorably known in Brooklyn. His death oc- 
curred in 1879. 

John O'Rourke attended the public schools 
until sixteen years of age, when he became an 
apprentice to James Ashfield, a mason and 
builder. After a few months he made a trip 
to the south, but upon his return again en- 
tered the services of Mr. Ashfield, with whom 
he continued for about three years. He was 
in his employ until about the time of the in- 
auguration of the Civil War, when he began 
business on his own account, as a general con- 
tractor and builder. From 1861 until 1864 
he was attached to the Engineer Corps of the 
Department of the Gulf and served in Florida, 
working on government fortifications. Re- 
turning to Brooklyn, he resumed operations in 
his line and in 1866 was appointed superin- 
tendent of masonry work for the park com- 
mission under James S. T. Stranahan, with 
whom he formed a life-long friendship. He 
occupied that position from 1866 until 1871, 
during which he built most of the bridges in 
Prospect park and the great well at the large 
lake. As a contractor he conducted an exten- 
sive business, and in 1872 he built the Thir- 
teenth Regiment Armory, a structure which 
will long remain as a monument to his skill. 
He later erected the Hospital for Incurables at 
Flatbush, the Inebriate's Home at Fort Ham- 
ilton and tnany other public buildings in addi- 
tion to churches and private dwellings. He 
was county contractor for many years, and in 
this capacity erected many of the buildings at 
St. Johnsland. About 1889 he entered into 
partnership with Michael J. Dady under the 
firm style of O'Rourke & Dady, general con- 
tractors. During the continuance of the part- 



nership they began the construction of the 
plant of the Gravesend Hygienic Ice Company 
at Sea Gate. The dissolution of the partner- 
ship resulted in considerable litigation, but 
Mr. O'Rourke won control of the property at 
Coney Island and of the property in Brooklyn 
at the corner of DeGraw, Douglas and Bond 
streets, where was located the business of the 
Brooklyn Hygienic Ice Company, of which 
corporation Mr. O'Rourke became president 
and treasurer. At one time he was president 
and treasurer and joint owner with Mr. Dady 
of the street-car lines operated under the name 
of the East and North River Railroad Com- 
pany and extending from the East tO' the North 
rivers in Manhattan, connecting by horse cars 
the Cortlandt and Barclay streets ferries with 
the Fulton ferry. During the last years of an 
active business career he devoted his energies 
largely to the ice and coal trade and was the 
pioneer in the manufacture of artificial ice 
in Kings county. This enterprise was devel- 
oped to large proportions, and in its con- 
duct Mr. O'Rourke displayed the same execu- , 
tive ability and business sagacity which 
marked his entire career. He was the owner 
of considerable property at Coney Island 
and in addition to his home in Brooklyn he 
owned a beautiful summer residence at Bay- 
ville. Long Island. 

Mr. O'Rourke was married on the 29th of 
September, 1880, to Miss Agnes L. Lennon, 
a sister of James Lennon, at one time a mem- 
ber of the New York assembly from the eighth 
district. Mrs. O'Rourke survives her hus- 
band. Mr. O'Rourke was a most generous 
contributor to the church and benevolent en- 
terprises and was also popular in various so- 
cial organizations of Brooklyn. He was pres- 



122 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



ident of the Seaside Athletic Club of Coney 
Island, a member of the Manufacturers' As- 
sociation, the Society of Old Brooklynites and 
Knights of Columbus. He was a faithful 
member of the church of St. Agnes, St. Ag- 
nes Council, Knights of America, and a direc- 
tor of the Inebriates' Home. His influence 
in local political circles was an acknowledged 
force. He never sought political preferment 
at the hands of the electors, but with firm 
faith in Democratic principles labored untir- 
ingly for the success of his party in his ward 
and county. He was a man whom, to know 
was to esteem and honor, and he had the fac- 
ulty of winning warm friends. His mental 
characteristics were such as to enable him to 
quickly arrive at a decision not only in busi^ 
ness matters, but also in the framing of judg- 
ments of man. He was decidedly a man of 
large affairs, capable of handling extensive 
and important business interests, of determin- 
ing accurately tlie outcome of any movement, 
and he greatly disliked detail work. He had 
a strong love of history and his study along 
that line gave to him an intimate knowledge 
not only of American history, but also of the 
events which have shaped the course of other 
countries. He was extremely generous and 
the deserving poor always found in him a 
warm friend. One who knew him long and 
intimately said : 

"For forty years half the people of the tenth 
ward and many of the people of the sixth and 
first wards knew him intimately. The grown 
people called him John ; the children of the 
tenth ward — and there are many children in 
that ward — called hira Uncle John. 

"Very early in his business caneer Mr. 
O'Rourke gained the confidence and friend- 



ship of J. S. T. Stranahan, William H. Haz- 
zard, D. M. Chauncey, George White and 
many others of the leading men of Brooklyn, 
and that confidence and friendship he retained 
until death. 

"For the honest, unfortunate poor his hand 
was ever open ; but for the shiftless, viciously 
improvident he had a just scorn. He hated 
shams and hypocrisy, and did not hesitate to 
express that detestation in forcible language. 

"To his immediate family and friends the 
loss is an irreparable one; his neighbors, 
whether poor or well-to-do., will miss him in 
many ways. His large experience and good, 
common sense were always at the service of 
ail who knew him, and there are hundreds 
who have been aided by him in what the 
world calls a more substantial way. Those 
who knew him best will echo the prayer of 
those who at his funeral said, 'God bless him.' " 



FREDERICK DWIGHT CLARKE. 

Frederick Dwight Clarke was born at 
Clarke Hill, North Cornwall, Connecticut, in 
July, 1815, and died in Brooklyn, November 
18, 1893. He was a representative of one 
of the old Puritan families established in 
America at an early period in the colonization 
of the new world. His parents, William L. 
and Rebecca (Northrup) Clarke, were na- 
tives of North Cornwall, Connecticut, and be- 
came the parents of thirteen children, two of 
whom are yet living — Mrs. Henry Roger, of 
North Cornwall, and Mrs. Harriet Wheedon, 
of Akron, Ohio, who is now ninety-three y-ears 
of age. 

Professor Clarke spent his early boyhood 
days upon the home farm in New England, 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



123 



and when the work of the fields left him leis- 
ure time it was utilized in the acquirement of 
an education. He was studious and diligent 
and early manifested the strong mental traits 
which made him for many years one of the 
ablest educators connected with the public 
school system of Brooklyn. About 1843 he 
left Connecticut and was thereafter a resi- 
dent of Long Island. Throughout this pe- 
riod, covering six decades, he was almost con- 
tinuously connected with a work which has 
direct bearing upon the welfare of city and 
state. In 1845 he became a teacher in public 
school No. 3, now grammar school No. 3, 
on Hancock street, near Bedford avenue. Sub- 
sequentl)' he was chosen its principal and re- 
mained in active connection with it until 1871. 
He was a member of the Brooklyn board of 
education during the succeeding fifteen years, 
and in the Red Hook Lane office had charge of 
the supplies for the city schools. On the ex- 
piration of that period he retired from active 
life. His interest in the schools, however, 
never abated, and while teacher and principal 
he was continually improving the methods of 
instruction and thus making his service of 
great and practical value in educational cir- 
cles in his city. He was ever a student and 
therefore became a man of scholarly attain- 
ments, supplementing the natural endowment 
of a strong mind by broad reading and mental 
culture. He made a close study of the social 
and economic questions affecting the welfare 
of the country and was particularly interested 
in political and municipal problems. Although 
he put aside the duties of his profession, he 
never lived retired in the sense of withdraw- 
ing from active participation in the progress 
of the thought world, but kept in touch with 



advanced ideas and modern mental develop- 
ment. By nature he was rather quiet, reserved 
and reticent, and like all who walk thi'ough 
life on a higher plane than the majority of 
their fellowmen, the circle of his acquaint- 
ance was select rather than large. 

Professor Clarke was married in 1841 to 
Miss Mary A. Carr, a daughter of John Pear- 
son Carr, of English birth. Her mother, Mrs. 
Susan (Raymond) Carr was Mrs. Cook at the 
time of her marriage to Mr. Carr. Mrs. 
Clarke died in Brooklyn in 1898 and the only 
son of this marriage, Frederick Dwight, Jr., 
passed away in 1901. Three daughters of the 
family are living — Mrs. D. E. Rutherford, 
Mrs. D. M. Swaney and Miss ; Clarke. 



ABRAHAM B. BAYLIS, SR. 

Abraham B. Baylis, Sr., deceased, was for 
many years one of the forceful and honored 
factors in financial circles in Brooklyn, and 
one whose influence was not a minor element 
along the financiers of New York. He be- 
came a capitalist whose career excited the ad- 
miration and respect of his contemporaries to 
a high degree, yet it was not this alone that 
entitled him to rank as one of the foremost 
men of his day in Brooklyn. His connection 
with the public interests of the city was far- 
reaching and beneficial, for he aided in shap- 
ing the municipal policy and in promoting 
the educational, aesthetic and moral develop- 
ment of the borough. His patriotic citizen- 
ship and his interest in community affairs took 
tangible form in his zealous labors for the 
improvements instituted through aldermanic 
measures in the development of the park sys- 
tem and m the unfolding of an educational 



124 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



purpose whose effects are manifest in the high 
standard of the Brooi<lyn schools. 

Abraham B. BayHs spent his entire Hfe on 
Long Island. He was born at Springfield, 
November 5, 181 1, a son of Thomas Baylis of 
that place. When a young man he came to 
Brooklyn and engaged in the hardware trade, 
in which he continued for several years. Dur- 
ing the Civil war he was one of the leading 
members of the New York stock exchange, 
being president of the same in 1862. His of- 
fice was at No. 44 Exchange Place, New York, 
where he was succeeded by his sons under the 
firm style of Abraham B. Baylis & Company. 
He was one of the governors of the New York 
Stock Exchange, and was the first president 
of the Stock Exchange Building Company, 
which owned the block in which the Ex- 
change formerly held its sessions. 

Many business enterprises felt the stimulus 
of the energy and keen discernment which 
were salient features in his life. He was a 
trustee of the Union Ferry Company, the 
Brooklyn City Railway, the Brooklyn Trust 
Company, the Mechanics' Bank, the Brooklyn 
Savings Bank, and the Mechanics' Insurance 
Company. 

Mr. Baylis carried the strong principles of 
his business career into his public service in 
Brooklyn, and in municipal affairs his counsel 
was much sought. He served as a member of 
the board of aldermen in 1851, representing 
the tenth ward of the borough, and for a 
quarter of a century was a member of the 
school board. He was a member of the ori- 
ginal park commission until the board was 
retired by the mayor. His powers of debate 
were effectively employed in behalf of munici- 
pal and school affairs, and his connection with 



the city council covered a period when it was 
composed of some of the ablest men of the 
borough. He was a bi'oad-minded philoso- 
pher who believed that broad intelligence 
would solve the great problems which con- 
front the country, and to this end he ever 
manifested a zealous interest in education. He 
was a trustee of the Packer Collegiate Insti- 
tute and the Brooklyn Library, and a member 
of the Long Island 'Historical Society. For 
many years he was a member of the Second 
Presbyterian church, and a lifelong friend 
of the Rev. Dr. Spencer, long its pastor. Dur- 
ing his last years he attended Dr. Storrs' 
church. He was a man of strong character 
and of untainted purity in his private life. As 
the evening of life came upon him he with- 
drew more and more from active participa- 
tion in public and business affairs, but never 
ceased to feel a deep and earnest interest in 
the welfare of the city. 

His death occurred July 15, 1882, and he 
left a widow, who was Miss McDonald, and 
two sons and two daughters. His son, Abra- 
ham B. Baylis, largely became his successor 
not only in the field of business but in con- 
nection with many activities bearing upon the 
city's progress and upbuilding. 



ABRAHAM^ BURTIS BAYLIS, JR. 

Abraham Burtis Baylis was born in Brook- 
lyn, August 2, 1845, at the family home, at 
the southeast corner of Joralemon and Henry 
streets. He acquired his preliminary educa- 
tion in the Polytechnic Collegiate Institute, 
from which institution he was graduated with 
the class of 1862, and with but brief inter- 
mission he continued his studies in the aca- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



127 



demic department of Princeton College, from 
which he was graduated in 1866. 

His initiation into business came as a mem- 
ber of the stock brokerage firm of which his 
father was the senior member, and for many 
years he was a well known representative of 
the New York Stock Exchange. Upon his 
father's death he became the senior member of 
the firm, his partner being his younger broth- ' 
er, William Baylis. Subsequently Alfred K. 
Kimball became associated with them, and this 
relationship was being maintained at the time 
of the death of Abraham B. Baylis, Jr. In 
1S80 he was elected one of the governors of 
the Exchange. He was also closely identified 
with rriany other leading financial institutions, 
both in Brooklyn and Manhattan. Upon his 
father's death he became his successor as a di- 
rector of the Mechanics Savings Bank of 
Brooklyn, and continued in that position until 
his own demise. He was also a trustee of the 
Brooklyn Savings Bank, and for six years was 
vice-president of the Brooklyn Trust Com- 
pany. He won' for himself a position of dis- 
tinction in banking and financial circles, and 
maintained the honored name which his father 
had iriade as a financier. 

In 1873 Abraham B. Baylis, Jr., was mar- 
ried to Mis^ Agnes Howard Marvin, a daugh- 
ter of the late Charles R. Marvin, who was a 
well known resident of Brooklyn. Three 
children were born to them, of whom two sur- 
vive — a daughter, Florence, and a son, who is 
a representative of the family in the third 
generation to bear the name of Abraham Bur- 
tis Baylis. He is a graduate of Yale College 
class of '98. After his marriage Mr. Baylis 
removed to No. 82 Remsen street, occupying 
the bom? adjoining his father-in-law's resi- 



dence, and there Mrs. Baylis died in 1892. Up 
to that time Mr. Baylis had taken quite an 
active interest in the social and club life of 
the city, and although he never cared to 'fig- 
ure in an official relation in the different or- 
ganizations with which he was connected, he 
held membership in the Crescent, Hamilton i 
and Brooklyn clubs, and also in the Riding 
and Driving club. After the death of his wife', 
however, to whom . he was devotedly at- 
tached, he largely withdrew from club life. 
He nevertheless maintained a dedp interest in 
his church and in the Packer Collegiate In- 
stitute, of which he was for many years the 
treasurer, being the incumbent at the time- of 
his death. For many years he was an at- 
tendant at Christ Episcopal church, but after- 
ward at Grace Episcopal church. His per- 
sonal traits of character endeared him to all 
with whom he was associated, either through 
business or social relations. He felt and mani- 
fested a personal interest in his employes, and- 
at his death many in his service expressed the 
feeling that the news brought to them a grief ■ 
akin to that felt for a father. He possessed 
strongly domestic tastes, and while he accom- 
plished much in the business world and rati- 
fied his friendships by kindly sympathy and 
thoughtful consideration for others, his great-, 
est depth of love was reserved for his family. 



ROBERT THALLON. 

Robert Thallon, pre-eminent as an instructor 
on the piano, who in that special department 
now occupies a recognized position at the 
head of the musical profession in Brooklyn, 
was born in Liverpool, England, March 18, 
1852, son of Robert and Jemima (McCunn) 



128 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Thallon. Both his parents were natives of 
Scotland, where all his ancestors for several 
generations resided. His forefathers in the 
paternal line, however, were originally French 
Huguenots, establishing themselves in Scot- 
land about the end of the seventeenth cen- 
tury, after the revocation of the Edict of 
Nantes. 

Mr. Thallon's father came to this coitntry 
with. his family in 1854, establishing his home 
in Brooklyn. He was a successful produce 
commission merchant. In 1864, having re- 
tired from business with an 'abundant fortune, 
he took his family abroad. After an absence 
of ten years he returned to Brooklyn, where 
he built a fine residence (No. 900 Saint Mark's 
avenue) and passed the remainder of his life. 

Robert Thallon, the subject of this sketch, 
is one of six children. His early boyhood was 
spent in Brooklyn, and from his twelfth to his 
twenty-third year he was with his parents in 
Europe. Having a natural taste and talent 
for music, in which he was encouraged by 
his mother, a lady of fine musical gifts and 
an excellent amateur singer, he began at an 
early age to prepare himself for his chosen 
calling, enjoying the best European advan- 
tages of musical education. " At Leipsic he 
was taught the pianist's art by Wenzel, Coc- 
cius and Jadassohn ; he became an accom-' 
plished organist under the instruction of 
Volckmar, of Hamburg ; he mastered the chief 
of all musical instruments under the tuition of 
such eminent violinists as David, Routgen and 
Hermann of Leipsic, Keller, of Stuttgart, and 
Bauer, of Paris ; harmony and composition he 
pursued at Leipsic, Hamburg and in England, 
under Jadassohn, Volckmar and Hatton; and 
his voice was cultivated at Florence, Leipsic 



and Milan and New York, by Vannuncini, 
Gloggner, Nava, Romani and Henschel." Mr. 
Thallon's professional studies were pursued 
more with a view to a career as an instructor 
than an artist; and though a most accom- 
plished and brilliant performer, his life work 
has been essentially that of a teacher. 

Returning from abroad in 1875, he em- 
barked at once upon the work of his profes- 
sion in Brooklyn. At first and for some years 
he was engaged in general instruction, also 
appearing much before the public, especially 
as an organist in various Brooklyn churches. 
It may be remarked that, though Mr. Thallon 
has for a number of years past declined all 
professional engagements as an organist, he 
has always enjoyed a high reputation as an 
organ performer. At different times he served 
as organist and choirmaster of the Downing 
Street Reformed Episcopal Church, the Tomp- 
kins' Avenue Congregational Church, Dr. 
Scudder's Congregational Church, and Ply- 
mouth Church. 

As a piano teacher he took high rank from 
an early period of his work in Brooklyn. Of 
his actuating principles and characteristics the 
following has been said : " He labors in his 
profession because he loves it, and not be- 
cause of the necessity that so often becomes an 
excuse for imperfection. With his pupils his 
instruction is aimed to inspire the artistic idea ■ 
and musical sense rather than to impart sheer 
technique, preferring the practical to the me- 
chanical understanding. Those who possess 
to an unusual extent inherent taste, repro- 
ductive memory, and powers of imagination 
are given a thorough course of training in 
every branch of the art, and in each case Mr. 
Thallon develops, as far as possible, the indi- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



129 



viduality of his student." As a teacher whose 
especial object and labor is to impart not 
merely a training and an accomplishment to 
his pupils, but a consecutive, finished and ulti- 
mate education, he stands quite alone in his 
profession in Brooklyn, and this is perhaps as 
high praise as can be given to an instructor of 
music. During his career he has educated be- 
tvifeen three and four hundred pupils, many of 
whom are now well known teachers or per- 
formers. He has given some six hundred and 
fifty concerts ; and these events, under his 
name and direction, have long been among the 
most select regular amateur entertainments in 
Brooklyn. For many years his concerts were 
held in his studio in Saint Mark's avenue, but 
since 1901 they have been given (monthly) 
in the Pouch Mansion on Clinton avenue. Mr. 
Thallon's work is distinguished by great re- 
gard for systematic method — and this is one 
of the underlying secrets of his marked suc- 
cess. With him the fundamental considera- 
tion is thoroughness — an orderly progress in 
all things; and hence his wide reputation as 
one of the most solid as well as masterly teach- 
ers of the piano in America. 

His residence is at No. 1223 Dean street, 
Brooklyn. 



THE PLANET MILLS. 

The Planet Mills of Brooklyn enjoy the 
unique distinction of being the largest as they 
are the only mills in the United States compe- 
tent to spin the finest yarns, the line embrac- 
ing every kind of manufacture out of jute and 
other fibres, and their product is favorably 
known in every market reached by American 
commerce. It is also to be noted that this 



was the pioneer house in the United States in 
the lines of its enterprise. 

The inception of what has become one of 
the most important manufacturing industries 
of Brooklyn is to the credit of Buchanan & 
Lyall, who were criginally engaged in the 
manufacture of tobacco, and in which busi- 
ness they continued until 1900, when it passed 
into the hands of the Continental Tobacco 
Company. In 1871 Buchanan & Lyall took 
up the manufacture of jute goods — cordage, 
carpets and other fibre products. This field 
had not been heretofore entered by American 
workmen, and the firm brought from Scotland 
a skilled operative in the person of Alexander 
F. Chrichton. To him was committed, on ac- 
count of his extended experience, the estab- 
lishment of the proposed works, which be- 
came a creation of his own. He planned the 
necessary buildings and specified the machin- 
ery which would be necessary. The first of 
the former was the large factory on Carroll 
street, opposite the tobacco factory, and this 
formed the nucleus of the present mammoth 
factory, occupying the block bounded by Car- 
roll, President and Bond streets. After the 
works had been put into operation, Mr. Crich- 
ton was made superintendent, and he occupied 
the position most capably for a period of two 
years, which witnessed the development of the 
enterprise from the experimental stage to that 
of firm establishment and national reputation. 
Mr. Qirichton left his post in 1877 to estab- 
lish the Chelay Jute Mills, of which he was 
superintendent for four years, then removing 
to Kentucky, where he made his residence 
until 1888, when he returned to Brooklyn and 
resumed the superintendency of the Planet 
Mills, serving therein until his death, in 1898, 



130 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



when he was succeeded by his son and name- 
sake. 

The business of the Planet Mills was con- 
ducted by Buchanan & Lyall until 1891, when 
occurred the death of the last named gentle- 
man. The firm name was preserved, however, 
until 1899, when the Planet Mills Manufactur- . 
ing Company was formed, with a capital of- 
$1,000,000. The officers chosen at the organi- 
zation were the same as those now serving : 
William Buchanan, president ; Charles P. 
Buchanan, vice-president; and Alexander F. 
Chrichton, Jr., treasurer and general manager. 
In its second year the company purchased a 
similar but smaller plant at Wilmington, Dela- 
ware, and since that time has operated both 
factories, giving employment to nine hundred 
operatives in Brooklyn, and four hundred in 
Wilmington. 

The present plant of the Planet Mills, the 
Brooklyn factories, is entirely modern, 
equipped with the most elaborate and costly 
machinery, much of which was specially de- 
signed for it. The lower floors receive the 
crude jute in heavy bales, which are there 
opened out, and the material sprinkled with 
oil and water to give it the needed pliability. 
The jute then passes through a series of roll- 
ers, from which it emerges in proper condi- 
tion to be put in bundles for the carding ma- 
chines. After the second carding the jute 
appears in long fluffy coils, ready for the 
drawing machines, afterwards undergoing 
other processes for lengthening and compact- 
ing the coil. After being spooled the jute is 
sent to the second floor,, where it is passed 
through the spinning frames, with the result 
that the yarn (which it has now become) is 
compressed and twisted into a close tenacity. 



It is now conveyed to another floor where it is 
wound on tubes for use as carpet filling and 
wire insulation, or reeled in skeins for the use 
of the dyers. In the twisting department the 
single yarns are passed through twisting ma- 
chines which combine the strands into two or 
more ply, as may be ordered. The weaving 
mill utilizes the material after it has passed 
through the processes previously described. 
The yarns for the weaving mill first go to the 
dye house on the premises, and after receiving 
their prescribed hues are sent to the weaving 
machines and there wound on cops or put on 
beams for carpet warps, whence they are sent 
direct to the looms, to emerge therefrom -as 
finished floor coverings. 

The entire product of the Planet Mills is 
of worldwide fame, and the finer yarns are 
regarded by the trade as of unsurpassable 
quality, and their colors the brightest and most 
durable of any known. The customers of the 
company embrace all the leading houses in the 
United States and many abroad, who purchase 
yarns, carpets, jute products, etc. One of the 
most constant of its patrons, and the largest 
in point of quantity, is the United States Post- 
office Department, which annually purchases 
one and a half million pounds of twine, which 
are distributed for use in every postoffice and 
railway postal car in the United States and on 
board every ocean-going or inland vessel car- 
rying mails. The product of the spinning mill 
is sold direct from the main office of the Planet 
Mills Manufacturing Company, at 335 Carroll 
street, Brooklyn, and T. J. Keveney & Co., 
898 Broadway, New York, are the selling 
agents for the weaving mill. 

No reference to the Planet" Mills would be 
complete without somewhat full mention of 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



131 



the elder Alexander F. Chrichton, whose prac- 
tical knowledge and unflagging industry made 
possible the inauguration of the works. He 
was a native of Scotland, born near Perth, 
January 3d, 1838, and he was about thirty- 
three years of age when he came to Brooklyn 
to lay the foundations for the great industry 
which is the subject of this narrative. His 
connection with the Planet Mills and other 
manufacturing institutions has been previously 
mentioned. Outside the immediate scope of 
his mechanical and managerial concerns, he 
was a w6ll equipped man of affairs, and was 
held in high esteem for his excellent judgment 
and unassailable integrity. He was a consis- 
tent member of the First Reformed Church 
of Brooklyn. In politics he was a Republican, 
and while residing in Kentucky he took a 
prominent part in the reorganization and 
maintenance of his party in that state, at a 
time when honest and capable local leadership 
was sadly needed. He was an active member 
of the Manufacturers' Association of New 
York, and in that body was regarded as an 
incomparable authority upon those features of 
manufacture to which his attention was par- 
ticularly directed, and an intelligent and ju- 
dicious counsellor in all relating to industrial 
conditions in general. He was a member of 
the Masonic brotherhood, affiliated with Lex- 
ington Lodge, F. and A. M., and De Witt 
Clinton Commandery, K. T. His wife was 
Miss Hallie Steele, of Holden, Maine, who 
survived her husband, and is living at the 
place -of her birth, with her daughter Jatiet. 
The only other child of Mr. and Mrs. Chrich- 
ton was Alexander F. Chrichton. 

Alexander F. Chrichton, Jr., was born in 
New York city, and was educated in the public 



schools there. In early young manhood he 
entered the Planet Mills, and under the watch- 
ful tutelage of his father acquired a thorough 
practical knowledge of the jute industry in 
all its various departments. In 1897 he was 
made assistant manager, and in the following 
year, after the death of his father, he succeeded 
the latter as general manager, which position 
he has occupied to the present time. Since the 
incorporation of the Planet Mills Manufactur- 
ing Company he has also been its treasurer. 
Inheriting the paternal traits in marked de- 
gree, he is regarded as a worthy son of a 
worthy sire. Acquainted with textile proc- 
esses from his very boyhood, he has been 
quick to discern needs for improvement, which 
his inventive ability have enabled him to sup- 
ply, and he is known as the inventor of sev- 
eral important machines and improved meth- 
ods which have revolutionized the industry 
with which he is so conspicuously identified. 
Mr. Chrichton is a member of the Atlantic 
Yacht Club and the Brooklyn Club, and of 
Lexington Lodge, F and A. M. In politics 
he is a Republican, and connected with the 
Twelfth District Club. He is a member of 
the First Reformed Church of Brooklyn. He 
was married to Miss Florence E. Ametrano, 
a native of Brooklyn, and they are the parents 
of one child, named for the mother. 



CARLL H. DE SILVER. 

Carll H. De Silver, who manifests excellent 
executive ability in the control and manage- 
ment of his commercial interests in Wall 
street, New York city, where he has risen to 
eminence among those who have acquired for- 
tunes, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1846. 



l32 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



In 1859 Mr. De Silver removed to Brook- 
lyn, New York, entered the Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, where he completed his education, and 
shortly afterward visited the Orient and spent 
five years in China, where he familiarized him- 
self with the commercial relations existing be- 
tween Hong Kong and other cities of the Ce- 
lestial Empire, and the United States, and be- 
fore attaining his majority he had traveled 
around the globe. Upon his return to his na- 
tive country he entered the field of stock spec- 
ulation in Wall street, where he has since con- 
tinued his operations. He was a member of 
-the New York Stock Exchange from 1871 to 
1900, and at the present time (1903) is a 
member of the New York Chamber of Com- 
merce, having been elected to that body in • 
1896. Mr. De Silver acts in the capacity of 
second vice-president of the board of trustees 
of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, 
president of the Brooklyn Art Association, 
president of the Brooklyn Eye and Ear Hos- 
pital, trustee of the Brooklyn Children's Aid 
Society, director of the Brooklyn Philhar- 
monic Society, director of the Brooklyn Acad- 
emy of Music, director of the South Brooklyn 
Savings Institution, and a director of the Nas- 
sau National Bank. He also takes an active 
interest in politics, having been chairman of 
the city committee which nominated A. C. 
Chapin for the mayoralty in 1889; he also rep- 
resented Kings county as a commissioner on 
the State Board of Charities from 1891 to 
1895. Mr. De Silver is a prominent member 
of the Hamilton, Brooklyn, Crescent Athletic, 
Riding and Driving, Rembrandt, Tuxedo, and 
Nassau County Clubs. 

At his residence, No. 43 Pierrepont street, 
Brooklyn, Mr. De Silver has quite a number of 



excellent pictures which he has gathered to- 
gether during the past twenty-five years, and 
his reputation as an art connoisseur stands de- 
servedly high. His collection seems to show 
a decided taste for landscapes which subtly 
depict the more tender beauties of nature, and 
of the modern French school he has several 
good examples, as well as of leading American 
artists who paint this mood. The walls are by 
no means monotonous either in tone or sub- 
ject, as here and there are impressionable bits 
of gay color and remarkably fine figure pic- 
tures. Conspicuous among the latter is " The 
Mirror of Nature," by Leon Perrault, in which 
the well-drawn and . captivating figures have 
a background of the sweetest charm. " The 
Mirror " is a rock-bound pellucid spring, re- 
flecting two pretty girls in gay Italian cos- 
tume, bending over it, one of whom is gently 
dabbling her foot in the cool water. Another 
sylvan scene of great beauty hanging near it 
is by A. H. Wyant, who has become the pic- 
torial chronicler of the magnificent scenery of 
the Adirondack wilderness. Its value can be 
judged from the fact that it was sent to Paris 
as a representative American landscape, and 
received a medal. 

Daubigny, the master poet of the twilight, is 
seen here in an unusual phase, for among all 
his pictures there are few of the beauty of the 
moonlight. In the treatment of light, air, 
color and feeling this picture is regarded as 
his masterpiece, and there lies in it an addi- 
tional interest in the fact that it was one of 
the last canvases upon which he recorded his 
title to undying fame. The first picture pur- 
chased by Mr. De Silver, and therefore one 
of reminiscent interest, is a pretty love story 
by Professor Amberg, of Berlin, entitled " A 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



133 



Question of the Heart." Of Kowalski there 
is a good representation, a mounted hunter 
and two dogs in a wintry landscape; of Carle- 
ton Wiggins, a small landscape with cattle; 
of Rico, " A Venetian Palace," small but show- 
ing as much of his rare quality as do his larger 
pictures ; of Sanchez-Perrier, a little scene that 
is full of sparkle and brilliancy. 

The Vibert in Mr. De Silver's collection is 
also an admirable example. It is called " Em- 
barras du Choix," and represents a Cardinal 
before a massive bronze vase filled with flow- 
ers. For accuracy, both of drawing and color- 
ing, arid for elegance in their arrangement, 
these flowers cannot be surpassed. The Car- 
dinal's figure is in itself a studv for artists, 
for in the robe there are no less than eight 
shades of red harmoniously blended. Another 
great color picture is " The Children's Toilet,", 
by Vacslav Brozik, a pupil of Munkacsy, and 
son-in-law of Mr. Seidelmeyer, of Paris. Mr. 
De Silver's example of this artist is a domestic 
scene, the nurse washing the baby, and an- 
other baby who has just gone through the 
ordeal, with other interesting details. Tito 
Lessi is a young Italian who undoubtedly will 
have a future if " The Mandolin Player," a 
careful study of color, is to be taken as a 
characteristic example. There are two little 
figure pieces by Bruc La Jos and Leo Her- 
mann, and a small Diaz showing a stormy 
sky and moist landscape; a Russian snow 
scene by Jan Chelminski ; a " Friar of Orders 
Grey," a study with a gleam of humor in it 
by Tamborini ; " Head of an American Girl," 
by Grogeart, and an interesting souvenir of 
William M. Chase. This is a picture of his 
own studio, so well known to art lovers, and 
shows a young girl turning over the leaves 



of a huge volume of his sketches and color 
schemes. ' 

That most charming of early pastoral ro- 
mances, " The Vicar of Wakefield," is recalled 
by a portrait of " Olivia," by George H. 
Broughton ; it is a large picture and represents 
Olivia bashfully drawing a letter from her 
bosom to hide it in the trunk of an adjacent 
tree for her lover. Two water colors, " The 
Wine Taster," by Vibert, and " II m'aime il 
ne m'aime pas," a girl plucking the petals of 
a daisy, by de Curvillon, and they represent 
two of the leading aquarellists of France by 
fine examples of their deft handiwork. A lit- 
tle picture of dogs, by Armfield, an English 
artist, tells its story well ; R. W. VanBoskerck 
is represented in a Dutch scene ; David John- 
son by a landscape of great merit ; Grison, by 
a carefully finished picture entitled " The 
Reader," and J. R. Gotibie, by a work which 
demonstrates his title to fame as the foremost 
Frisnch illustrator of " High-life " equestrian- 
ism. Another Frenchman, Croche-Pierre, has 
here a canvas entitled " Meditation," which is 
a masterly exhibit of close detail in portrait- 
ure; a fruit piece of great richness of color is 
signed in the corner, Marston Ream. There 
is also a beautiful example of Theodore Rous- 
seau, Jules Dupres, Boudin ; two exceptional 
pieces by Harpignes ; a very dignified example 
by George Innes, also a charming R. Swain 
Gifford. 

In the rooms which these pictures fill. with 
an atmosphere of good taste and refinement, 
are also seen specimens of Gobelin tapestry, 
fine Bohemian glass, English cameos, Qiinese 
jade, an interesting cabinet of family minia- 
tures, one by Rembrandt Peale, who painted 
many of General Washington and his family, 



t34 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



and some more recent ones by Gerald Hay- 
ward, an Englishman who is devoting himself 
to this branch of art in America, and whose 
work has done so much in the revival of the 
interest in and the taste for miniature paint- 
ing, which has recently become noteworthy. 



CAPTAIN JOHN W. EASON. 

Captain John Washington Eason, de- 
ceased, durmg a long and phenomenally active 
career, enjoyed the, reputation of being one of 
the most gallant and efficient officers who ever 
graced the police force of Brooklyn. He was 
also a distinguished veteran of the Civil war, 
and received honorable wounds in three of 
the most celebrated battles which marked that 
stupendous struggle. 

He was born in New York city, February 
22, 1844, son of Stewart and Mary Eason, 
who were both natives of Ireland. Wheti he 
was but four years old his parents removed to 
Brooklyn, where he received his education in 
the public schools. At the age of fourteen he 
set out to make his own way in the world, 
working for a time in a dry-goods store. He 
subsequently began learning the trade of a 
brass finisher, but the breaking out of the re- 
bellion turned him aside from the arts of peace. 
April 18, 1861, before the sound of the guns 
at Fort Sumter had died away, and when he 
was only a few weeks more than seventeen 
years old, he enlisted as a private in the 
Fourteenth New York Regiment, known from 
its Zouave uniform as "the Red-legged Dev- 
ils," and with which he served until the res- 
toration of peace. He proved a model sol- 
dier, and was noted for his unflinching cour- 
age and steady behavior, whether in camp or 



on the battlefield. He was three times wound- 
ed — in the first battle of Bull Run, in that at 
Antietam, and on the last of the three days' 
desperate fighting at Gettysburg. One of the 
youngest (if not the very youngest) soldiers 
in his company, in less than three months aft- 
er his enlistment he was made third corporal 
and assigned to duty with the color-guard of 
his regiment. Early in 1862 he was promoted 
to the grade of first corporal, and January i, 
1864, he was advanced to a sergeantcy. 

After his honorable discharge from the 
army, June 6, 1864, and three weeks later he 
became a member of the old metropolitan po- 
lice, and was placed on duty as a patrolman in 
the fifty-first precinct, now the first precinct 
of Brooklyn. He proved as splendid a police- 
man as he had been a soldier. His natural 
disposition and his army experience afforded 
him admirable equipment for his new duties, 
and during his nearly forty years of service 
his conduct was exceptionally meritorious, 
and on many occasions received special com- 
mendation from his superiors and through 
the public press. June i, 1870, he was pro- 
moted to the rank of sergeant, and in 1888 he 
' was advanced tO' a captaincy, under Colonel 
Partridge, after he had for some time held an 
acting appointment in that grade. He had a 
long and creditable record as an officer in the 
Heights district, and many of the oldest resi- 
dents of that part of Brooklyn counted them- 
themselves among his friends, holding him in 
respect for his unswerving adherence to the 
dictates of his conscience and his sense of 
duty, and relying with implicit confidence in 
his courage and self-possession at whatever 
time life or property might be in jeopardy. 
One of the distinguishing acts of Captain 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



135 



Eason was the arrest of a desperate burglar 
who entered the residence of S. S. Hendslow, 
a wealthy gentleman residing on Monroe 
Place. The desperado attacked his victim 
with an ax, inflicting serious injuries. Cap- 
tain Eason was on post in the neighborhood 
at the time, and saw the miscreant escaping 
from the house. He gave chase and followed 
through back lets and over fences, finally over- 
taking the fellow, who, after a struggle, broke 
loose and, continuing his flight, went over 
a fence and sustained a fall resulting in a 
fracture of the skull from which he died short- 
ly afterward. As sergeant, Eason rendered 
heroic service at the' time of the great Brook- 
lyn fire. After his promotion to a captaincy, 
he was sent to the second district, and made 
many friends among the business men of 
lower Fulton street, who appreciated Captain 
Eason's great service in the maintenance of 
order in a region crowded with squalid tene- 
ments and a vicious population, and who made 
him the recipient of a substantial expression 
of their regard when he was transferred to 
the bridge squad. Captain Eason was subse- 
quently placed in command of the Flushing 
avenue precinct, which was his station at the 
time of his death. Shortly before that sad 
event, he was seized with neuralgia of the 
heart, and for a time his life was despaired of, 
However, he rallied, and when he returned 
to duty he was apparently entirely restored. 

The summer before his death, he was taken 
ill on the day of the unveiling of the General 
P'owler monument in Fort Greene. He was a 
member of the committee of arrangements on 
that occasion, and it is evident that his exer- 
tions brought on an attack of heart disease. 
Aftei a time he was obliged to retire to his 



home at 255 Steuben street, whence he was 
removed to Memorial Hospital. There he sub- 
mitted to an operation, but he did not rally, 
and passed away, surrounded by his family. 
His demise occasioned deep grief throughout 
the city, and more particularly in police cir- 
cles, whose sentiments were voiced by Captain 
Sylvester D. Baldwin, of the Classon Avenue 
station, who said : "I have known Captain 
Eason for thirty-five ye^rs. He was my ser- 
geant and captain. He was a good man to 
his own men, and an excellent police officer in 
every respect." 

Captain Eason was a member of the Po- 
licemen's Mutual Aid Society, and of the 
Officers' Endowment Association. He was a 
member of Rankin Post No. 10, G. A. R., in 
1878 served on the staff of State Commander 
Curtis, and in 1887 was a member of the 
Kings County Memorial Committee. He was 
also a member of the Fourteenth Regiment 
War Veterans' Association, and was as popu- 
lar among the heroes of the Civil war period 
as he was in the ranks of the police, in which 
he had served so faithfully for so many years. 
He was affiliated with Commonwealth Lodge 
No. 409, F. & A. M. He was a man of fine 
social qualities, and of refined tastes. He 
possessed considerable artistic ability, and 
many of his sketches in black and white 
adorned his own home and those of his friends. 
Fie also at one time made designs for the 
cards of one of the most prominent photog- 
raphers of Brooklyn. 

Captain Eason was married, February 22, 
1876, (his thirty-second birthday), to Mrs. 
Abbie Louise Statiley, of Brooklyn, who sur- 
vived him, as did also a brother. Sergeant 
Charles Eason, of the Classon Avenue station. 



136 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



THOMAS FERGUSON. 

Thomas Ferguson, deceased, for many years 
a foremost citizen of Brooklyn, known for his 
success in commercial affairs and for his in- 
telligent enterprise in promoting community 
interests, as well as for his lovable personal 
traits of character, was of Scotch ancestry and 




birth, coming from the same sturdy stock 
which contributed so largely to the settlement 
of New York and the contiguous region, and 
which bore so useful a part in the founding 
of religious and educational institutions in the 
new world. 

He was born in Scotland in June, 1845. He 
acquired a broad and liberal education, being 
predisposed to a ministerial life, a calling from 
which he turned aside on account of threat- 



ened ill health which promised to impair his 
usefulness as a clergyman. But the moral 
qualities which had impelled him to look to 
the ministry were deeply planted and governed 
his conduct throughout his entire life, and 
were the inspiration which lay at the bottom 
of his every act, whether in business or social 
life. 

In 1866, having reached the years of man- 
hood, Mr. Ferguson came to Brooklyn, New 
York, and became associated in business with 
his uncle, John F. Phillips, who was exten- 
sively engaged in the whiting business in 
Brooklyn. The firm conducted business with 
marked success, and was known to the mer- 
cantile world as the largest importers of whit- 
ing in the country. 

During these years, Mr. Ferguson was also 
busied with important enterprises which were 
at once profitable to himself and of marked 
advantage to the community. With character- 
istic foresight and excellent business judg- 
ment, he made early and large investments in 
Gravesend real estate, and for some years 
prior to his death he was known as one of the 
m.ost extensive individual property holders in 
that beautiful suburb. He was for many years 
a commissioner of common lands of Coney 
Island. He was a leader in a few of the most 
prominent clubs — the Amaranth Club, of 
which he was president for two years ; the 
Montauk Club, and the Union League Club. 
His connection with these was, however, only 
in lines of usefulness ; for, while a man of 
excellent social traits, his great delight was 
in his home and family. 

Mr. Ferguson was married in 1879 to Miss 
Lizzie C. Gibson, of Philadelphia, Pennsylva- 
nia. She was a well educated lady, of cultured 



tastes, and in hearty accord with her husband 
in all his concerns, aiding him with her counsel 
in his many liberal benefactions to charitable 
institutions and to individuals, and presiding 
over his home with charming grace. The fam- 
ily residence on Ocean Parkway, one of the 
most beautiful in all that region, was ever open 
to their many friends, to whom they dispersed 
a generous hospitality. 

This beautiful association was closed by the 
death of Mr. Ferguson on January 23, 1903. 
He had not yet completed his fifty-eighth year, 
and the end came when he was in the fulness 
of his mental powers, when his usefulness ap- 
peared to be of increasing worth to his fel- 
lows, and when all happiness and -comfort was 
his in his home. The sad event awakened sin- 
cere sorrow throughout the community, a sor- 
row which found expression among all classes. 
The character of Mr. Ferguson was feelingly 
depicted by his pastor, 'who referred to him as 
a man of sterling worth, physically strong, 
mentally alert, and morally sound, a sincere 
Christian gentleman. Those who had been 
associated with him in business affairs spoke 
in terms of unstinted praise of his strict in- 
tegrity, fine sense of honor, and charitable- 
ness of disposition in all his relations, whether 
in business or social life. He was a man 
broadly generous in all cases which appealed 
to him as deserving, but so modest in the be- 
stowment of his beneficences that his good 
works went unknown except as they were her- 
alded by the recipients of his bounty. And so 
he left to her who survived him, and to the 
friends at her side, the fragrance of a mem- 
ory without blemish, the recollections of a 
beautiful life. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 

J. DONOVAN WHEELER. 



137 



J. Donovan Wheeler, one of the youngest 
seminarians of the North American College 
in Rome, Italy, and the first of his years who 
ever defended the Latin thesis, died in 1903, 
at his late residence, 127 St. Marks avenue, 
borough of Brooklyn, New York. He was 
the son of the late Thomas E. and Mary 
(Donovan) Wheeler, the former named hav- 
ing been a cattle contractor, who conducted 
extensi-w; transactions with Cuba during the 
Spanish-American war, in which he was aided 
largely by his son, J. Donovan, who had an 
excellent knowledge of the Spanish language, 
and the latter named is the daughter of the 
late Thomas Donovan, who was a prominent 
contractor and builder, of the ninth ward, and 
one of its earliest settlers. 

J. Donovan Wheeler was naturally a bright 
child, and his early education was obtained 
under the competent supervision of the Sis- 
ters of St. Joseph's Academy, after which he 
entered St. Xavier's College on Sixteenth 
street, Manhattan, from , which institution he 
was graduated with high honors. In addition 
to his collegiate training he pursued a course 
of study in Latin, Greek, Spanish, history and 
mathematics under private tutors in order to 
prepare himself for matriculation in the Co- 
lumbia University, where he intended to study 
medicine, but the death of his father at this 
time changed his plans, and he then agreed 
to study for the priesthood, his mother ac- 
companying him to Rome for that purpose. 
He entered the North American College and 
was advancing rapidly and winning the confi- 
dence and admiration of his instructors, when 
he was attacked with his fatal illness and re- 



138 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



turned with his mother tQ the United States. 
Since then, despite her unwearied nursing and 
the aid of the best medical practitioners of 
New York, Asheville, Hot Springs, Arkansas, 
and Florida, whither he went, his health kept 
constantly failing and finally he was brought 
to his home, which forty years ago was known 
as the Wheeler farm, but which is now one of 
the most select residential sections of the bor- 
ough, where his death occurred, he being in 
the twenty-second year of his age. 

Mr. Wheeler was reared in a reirgious at- 
mosphere, took his first communion at Fred- 
erick, Maryland, on the day his uncle, Francis 
H. Donovan, joined the Jesuit Order, and was 
confirmed at Rome by Cardinal Parrochi, the 
vicar of Rome, and next to the pope in au- 
thority. Many members of both the Wheeler 
and Donovan families hold active positions in 
■the church. He was a man of marked ability 
and talent, a lover of athletic sports and a 
skillful equestrian, and while residing in 
Rome both he and his mother were the center 
of a large social circle. The solemn requiem 
mass was celebrated at St. Joseph's Roman 
Catholic church, and was in charge of the last 
year's class of the students of the North Amer- 
ical College, now resident in this country. 
Archbishop Farley pronounced the benedic- 
tion, and the music of the mass was sung by 
Mile. Catherine Helke, soprano of St. Patrick's 
Cathedral, aided by the 'choir of the church. 
Tlie floral decorations were in the papal colors 
— yellow and gold — and a cross of yellow and 
white flowers, six feet high and ornamented 
with yellow and gold ribbon, was placed in 
front of the altar. Since the death of her son, 
Mrs. Wheeler has I'eceived fully five hundred 
letters and telegrams of sympathy, and several 



cablegrams have been received from cardinals 
of the church of Rome, also a specially sym- 
pathetic one from Mgr. Kennedy, the rector of 
the North American College. 



EDWARD HOOKER, U. S. N. 

In the death of Commander Edward Hook- 
er, who was retired from the service of the 
United States navy on December 25, 1884, 
which occurred at his late home 289 Gates 
avenue, borough of Brooklyn, New York, 
1903, a career of great usefulness was brought 
CO a close. It would be impossible in this 
brief account to render a fitting memorial to 
the life and accomplishments of Commander 
Hooker. He was a conspicuous figure in the 
national navy during the Civil war period, and 
was known to the department and his associ- 
ates as a man of remarkable sagacity and wis- 
dom, indomitable perseverance and strong in- 
dividuality and his entire life work was such 
as would bear the closest investigation and 
scrutiny. 

He was born in Farmington, Connecticut, 
December 25, 1822, a son of Edward, a resi- 
dent of Farmington, Connecticut, and Eliza- 
beth (Daggett) Hooker, whO' was a niece of 
Roger Sherman, one of the signers of the 
Declaration of Independence. He was a 
grandson of Colonel Noadiah Hooker, who 
during the Revolutionary war commanded the 
first enlisted troops to arrive at Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, from Connecticut during the siege 
of that city, and a direct descendant from the 
Rev. Thomas Hooker, founder of the colony 
of Connecticut and of the city of Hartford. 

Edward Hooker's boyhood was spent in his 
native town, and his educational advantages 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



139 



were obtained in tlie comnlon schools adjacent 
to his home. When he attained the age of 
twenty-three years, he commanded a vessel 
out of New York, making two voyages to the 
West Indies, and upon his return to his native 
soil he remained on shore until the outbreak 
of the war of the rebellion, when he volun- 
teered in the United States navy. He was at 
once appointed acting master on board the 
United States steamer Louisiana of the North 
Atlantic Squadron, and on October 5, 1861, 
he was severely wounded, being the first acting 
master to receive injuries in the war. He 
participated in the Burnside expedition to the 
sounds of North Carolina in 1862, and while 
executive officer of the Louisiana, in the unac- 
countable absence of the commanding officer, 
he fought the ship in a creditable manner at 
Washington, North Carolina, September 5, 
1862. His conduct commended him to the 
navy department, and he was promoted to 
acting volunteer lieutenant to date from Sep- 
tember 5, 1862, for "gallantry in action." He 
was promoted to acting volunteer lieutenant- 
commander, January 20, 1865 ; naval store- 
keeper. Navy Yard, New York, 1865-67; was 
appointed to the command of the storeship 
Idaho and steamer Unadilla of the Asiatic 
Squadron, 1867-69. He was commissioned as 
lieutenant-commander in the regular naval ser- 
vice on December 18, 1868, and received sev- 
eral honorable assignments — inspector of the 
Navy Yard, New York, 1870-73 ; senior line 
officer, naval station, League Island, 1873-75 ; 
assistant light-house inspector, third district, 
1875-77; second officer. Naval Home, Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, 1877-84. He was com- 
missioned a commander, on February 8, 1884, 
of the' Navy Yard, and was assigned to the 



command of League Island the same year. 
He was retired from the service on December 
25, 1884, imder the age limit law. 

After his retirement from active service Mr. 
Hooker took up his residence in Brooklyn, 
New York, and engaged in writing a geneal- 
ogy of the Hooker family. This work be- 
came the absorbing occupation of his life, and 
so exclusively did he devote himself tO' it that 
in time his sight became impaired. In Oc- 
tober, 1900, realizing that the trouble was 
serious, he consulted an oculist, who discov- 
ered cataracts forming at the back of the eyes ; 
the sight of the left eye was practically de- 
stroyed, but there was hope that the right eye 
might be of service some years < longer. In 
his anxiety tO' complete the work he had be? 
gun, he redoubled his efforts and thus strained 
the sight of the right eye until that almost gave 
out. During the summer of 1901 he suffered 
from heat prostration, and although he im- 
proved in health the following winter he never 
fully regained his usual health and spirits. 
He was obliged to entirely abandon the work 
on the genealogy, and this disappointment was 
a keen blow to him. Mr. Hooker was affiliated 
with, the following named clubs and associa- 
tions : Brooklyn Masonic Veterans Associa- 
tion ; Aurora Grata Masonic Club ; New Eng- 
land Society; Rankin Post No. 10, Grand Ar- 
my of the Republic ; Long Island Historical 
Society ; New York Masonic Veterans Asso- 
ciation ; Military Order of Loyal Legion ; 
Hundred Year Club ; Connecticut Masonic Vet- 
erans Association ; Connecticut Sons of the 
American Revolution ; Rhode Island Masonic 
Veterans Association; a charter member of 
What Cheer Lodge, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, Providence, Rhode Island ; Calvary Com: 



140 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



mandery, Knights Templars, Providence, 
Rhode Island ; Providence Marine Society ; 
Naval Order of the United States ; and Devon- 
shire Association of England. He was also 
an honorary member of several other lodges 
and societies. 

On March 28, 1847, Mr. Hooker married 
Elizabeth Moore Wardwell, of Warren, Rhode 
Island, and her death occurred in that city on 
February 10, 1849. There were no children 
born of this union. At Providence, Rhode 
Island, May 11, 1851, Mr. Hooker was united 
in marriage to Esther Battey, who died in 
Brooklyn, New York, November 16, 1896. 
Three children of this union, a son and two 
daughters, and also nine grandchildren sur- 
vive him. 



WILLIAM WISE. 

The death of William Wise, for the long 
period of seventy years a leading business man 
in the jewelry line in the borough of Brook- 
lyn, New York, and a member of the Society 
of Old Brooklynites, which occurred on De- 
cember 10, 1903, at his late residence, 182 St. 
John's Place, was the result of diseases inci- 
dent to old age. His birth occurred in Eng- 
land in 1814, and during his early childhood 
he was brought to this country by his father, 
v/ho originally settled in New Brunswick, New 
Jersey, where he was engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. 

In 1833 William Wise located in Brooklyn, 
New York, and immediately entered the em- 
ploy of Samuel Smith, at 79 Fulton street, 
near Henry, then the only jeweler in Brook- 
lyn. In the winter of the following year he 



succeeded Mr. Smith in the proprietorship of 
the establishment, and when the business on 
Fulton street took its first upward tendency 
Mr. Wise erected a building for himself at 
239 Fulton street, two doors below the old 
cemetery of St. Ann's Church, now the east 
end of Liberty street, which for many years 
was considered the finest business house in 
Brooklyn. While conducting business at that 
site Mr. Wise admitted into partnership his 
son, Alfred Wise, and thereafter conducted 
business under the style of William Wise & 
Son, a name which is still continued. Subse- 
quently the city of Brooklyn acquired the store 
for the widening of Liberty street, and Mr. 
Wise displayed both sagacity and keen fore- 
sight by remioving his business to Nevins 
street and Flatbush avenue. This move so far 
uptown was considered hazardous by many 
business men, who predicted an early failure, 
but instead of that he achieved an unprece- 
dented success in his new establishment. He 
conducted a large trade with New York city 
during the earlier years of his business career, 
and his word being as good as his bond was 
always taken by both the wholesalers and the 
purchasers alike. He was a type of the old- 
time merchant, gave his business his personal 
attention, and he held the trade not only of 
his first patrons, but also of their children and 
grandchildren. He was a faithful attendant 
of Plymouth church, and a great admirer of 
its former pastor, the Rev. Henry Ward 
Beecher, who was his personal friend. 

Mr. Wise was survived by his son, Alfred 
Wise, who had been his partner for nearly 
half a century, and succeeds him in business; 
William, who is engaged in business pursuits' 
in Manhattan; and eight grandchildren'. The 






HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



141 



iuneral' services were held in the lecture room 
of Plymouth church, and were conducted by 
the Rev. Dr. Hillis, assisted by the Rev. Wil- 
lard P. Harmon. The following is an extract 
from, the brief but eloquent tribute paid by Dr. 
Hillis to the metnory of Mr. Wise : "We are 
not here tO' confess defeat, but joyfully to 
celebrate a victory. This honest merchant, 
this good father, kind husband and this honest 
Christian gentleman had lived the fullness of 
life. His life had rounded ninety winters and 
ninety summers. He came through this long 
and honorable life untarnished and unsullied. 
We come here in gladness and gratitude 
tinged with grief, it is true, but gratitude at 
this long and noble live given to us. He 
ought to have been a student, rather than a 
merchant, provided we have right ever to say 
that anything should have happened differ- 
ently from what it has happened. If you 
asked him who Sir Charles Grandison was 
or what was the beginning of the legend of 
Sir Lancelot he would not have paused to 
jog his memory. Up to the last week of his 
life he would have given you a ready 
answer. He wandered wide in the fields 
of history and literature and garnered many 
sheaves. He had made especial study of the 
history of politics. He knew his apolitical 
faith and the reason of it. I believe that the 
innermost fiber of Mr. Wise's life was the re- 
ligious fiber. He was not a church member, 
but I believe that Mr. Wise lived with the pur- 
pose of letting the world learri from his life 
itself that his innermost being was permeated 
with the sense of religion. Nothing could 
be more sim.ple, more beautiful than the prayer 
which he uttered at the grave of his wife. His 
very soul trembled on his lips when he said. 



'Heavenly Father, for the true wife, the ten- 
der mother, the faithful friend, we give Thee 
thanks and ask Thy blessing.' " 



JOSEPH CHUMAR POOL. 

Through a long period of time Joseph C. 
Pool, deceased, was prominently identified 
with the business interests of Brooklyn, where 
he was justly numbered among her leading 
and influential citizens. His record was that 
of an honorable and conscientious man, , who 
by his upright life won the confidence of all 
with whom he was brought in contact, either 
in a business or social relation. 

He was born in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, New 
York, January 4, 1842. His entire business 
career was spent in the city of Brooklyn, and 
for many years he was a member of the firm 
of George Pool's Sons, dealers in paints and 
oils at 70 and 72 Fulton street, Brooklyn, 
Their trade was the most extensive and lucra- 
tive in that line of industry in the city, and 
their name in business circles was synonymous 
with integrity and honorable transactions. He 
was a leading factor in the social and religious 
life of the section in which he resided, was 
a member of the South Reformed church at 
Fourth avenue and Fifty-fifth street, and for 
a long period of time served as an elder and 
was active and prominent in all departments 
of work. He was one of the organizers and 
a trustee of the Ridge Club, and a life mem- 
ber of the Long Island' Historical Society, by 
virtue of a contribution made to it some years 
ago. 

Mr. Pool was survived by an only son. Dr. 
George E. Pool, and a brother, George W. 



142 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Pool, with whom he was associated in busi- 
ness. The funeral services were held at his 
late residence, 316 Fifty-second street, Bay 
Ridge, and were conducted by the Rev. Dr. 
Benjamin E. Dickant, pastor of the South Re- 
formed church; the Rev. Dr. A. De Witt 
j\Iason, a former pastor of that congregation, 
and the Rev. Dr. Alfred H. Brush, pastor of 
the New Utrecht Reformed church. The in- 
terment was in the family plot in Greenwood 
Cemeterv. 



WILLIAM HEATH LYON. 

William Heath Lyon, who for more than 
half a century was prominent in the business 
world of New York city, was born .October 
18, 1819, in the town of Holland, Hampden 
county, Massachusetts, and was descended 
from William Lyon, who settled at Roxbury, 
Massachusetts, in 1635. 

Mr. Lyon in his boyhood attended school 
in the winter, arid in summer worked on the 
paternal farm, after the fashion of so many 
farmers' sons of that period. At the age of 
fourteen he went to Hartford, Connecticut, for 
the purpose of attending school, and after 
graduating went to ¥/ayne county. New York, 
where for five years he taught school and was 
principal of the Clyde High School. Profes- 
sor Morse had at that time put a telegraph 
line in operation between Washington and 
Baltimore, and Mr. Lyon became deeply in- 
terested in the invention. He experimentally 
constructed a printing telegraph machine, 
showing that type and ink could be used in 
conveying messages by telegraph .wire. This 
was the basis for the construction of a ma- 



chine which has since been used throughout 
the world. The " Clyde Eagle," in its issue 
of July II, 1844, published a two-column ed- 
itorial on Mr. Lyon's experiments. This was 
copied and commented on by the " New York 
Evening Post," the " Cqmmercial Advertiser," 
the " Boston Traveller," and other papers. Mr. 
Lyon was one of the earliest electricians of the 
United States, and, had he continued to de- 
vote himself to the science, would in time have 
risen to the front rank. Commercial pursuits, 
however, were more to his tast;e, and offered 
a wider field for advancement. 

In 1845 he came to New York, where he 
served for two years as a salesman in the 
wholesale dry goods business. In association 
with his brother, Warren W. Lyon, he organ- 
ized the firm of WiUiam H. Lyon & Co., 
and began business with a limited capital on 
the second floor of 169 Pearl street. New York 
city. As a result of the success which at- 
tended them, the firm moved in i860 to 4 Dey 
street, and after other removals established 
themselves in 1870 in the large store at 483 
and 485 Broadway, where they remained for 
twenty years. During the forty-three years 
of its existence the firm took into partnership 
many of its employes, but the firm name was 
never changed. Mr. Lyon showed his busi- 
ness spirit and sagacity by visiting Europe for 
the purpose Of procuring a better assortment 
of goods than could at that time be obtained 
in New York, the first of these trips being 
made in 1848. The house imported goods not 
from Europe only, but also in large quanti- 
ties from India, China and Japan. They sold 
to every state in the Union, and also to Can- 
ada, Mexico, the West Indies and South Amer- 
ica. When Mr. Lyon reached the age of three 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



145 



score and ten years he decided to close the 
firm and retire. 

He was appointed by General Grant one of 
the first Indian commissioners, all of whom 
were men of noted intelligence and philan- 
thropy, who served without compensation. 
Mr. Lyon was at once assigned to the pur- 
chasing committee, and served as chairman 
under six administrations. The purchase of 
Indian annuity goods and supplies had not 
hitherto been conducted in a satisfactory man- 
ner, but Mr. Lyon arranged a system of bids 
and awards which animated competition and 
resulted in furnishing goods to the Indians at 
low prices. As a member of the board he 
visited the Indians in all parts of the Union. 
In 1878, while away from home, he was nomi- 
nated for congress on the Republican ticket 
from his home district in Brooklyn, which was 
strongly Democratic. The result was that he 
reduced the majority one-half. 

Mr. Lyon was an old member of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce, and vice-president of the 
Hamilton Trust Company, also a director of 
the Bedford Bank. He was a member of the 
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, the 
Long Island Historical Society, the Oxford 
and Union League Clubs of Brooklyn, and 
was one of the directors of the New England 
Society. He was connected with the Brook- 
lyn Life Insurance Company, and was vice- 
president of the Nassau Trust Company. 

Mr. Lyon married in 1853 Ellen M., daugh- 
ter of Marvin J. Gaylord, of Bristol, Connec- 
ticut. They were the parents of four chil- 
dren : Alena F., Adela J., William H., Jr., 
and Marvin T. Mr. Lyon was very quiet in 
his tastes, and lived in one large double man- 
sion in New York avenue for forty years Fie 



and his family were fond of traveling, and 
after his retirement from business he took a 
long trip over Em'ope, Asia and the Holy 
Land. 

The death of Mr. Lyon, which occurred July 
II, 1902, was deeply and sincerely mourned 
by all who had in any way been associated 
with him as a merchant, a citizen and a friend. 
As a merchant his energy and integrity con- 
tributed to the commercial greatness and pros- 
perity of New York, and in his capacity of a 
government official he aided materially in pro- 
moting a good administration. He was a true- 
hearted citizen, interested in everything that 
concerned the welfare of Brooklyn, and lib- 
eral to all good institutions and to all churches. 
A man of genial temperament, strong, calm, 
and sedate, he enjoyed the friendship of a 
large circle. Mrs. Lyon, who was ever the 
sympathetic helper of her husband in his be- 
nevolent labors, has continued since his death 
to be active in good works. She has been for 
years president of the Brooklyn Industrial 
School Association, and is also president of 
the Ladies' Society of the New York Avenue 
Church. 



DAVID LONGWORTH. 

David Longworth was, at the time of his 
death, which occurred April 24, 1893, num- 
bered among the early settlers of Brooklyn, 
having for sixty years been a resident of the 
borough. He was born April 12, 1814, and 
acquired his education in the public schools. 
When about twenty years of age he .came to 
Brooklyn, which was the scene of his labors 
throughout almost his entire business career, 



146 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



He located in tlie Williamburg district, and 
soon afterward engaged in the undertaking 
business, opening an establishment on what 
was then South Seventh street. Up to the 
time of his demise his name figured in con- 
nection with that business, the undertaking 
establishment of Longworth & Vanderweken 
being located at No. 419 Bedford avenue. He 
was known either personally or by reputation 
to perhaps every resident of Williamsburg, 
for in addition to his business interests in the 
line designated he was for sixty years the 
sexton of St. Mark's Episcopal church, one of 
the oldest of Brooklyn. Soon after the Rev. 
Dr. S. M. Haskins was installed as rector of 
that church, he appointed Mr. Longworth as 
its sexton, and the sexton was no less well 
known to the people of the congregation than 
the pastor, for the service of both was con- 
tinuous through more than six decades, and 
each was equally faithful to his post of duty, 
never being absent from his place in the 
church. During sixty years David Long- 
worth was never absent from the church for a 
single Sunday. It was David Longworth who 
made the first interment in Greenwood Cem- 
etery, and during his long residence in Brook- 
lyn he had charge of over twenty thousand 
burials. He was himself never ill a clay in 
his life until a fall brought on erysipelas and 
paralysis, which after a few days terminated 
his career, when he was in his eighty-first 
year. 

David Longworth married Miss Elizabeth 
Brown, and they became the parents of eight 
daughters, who survive him, four of whom are 
married. He was a man of kindly nature, in- 
flexibly just and honorable, and exemplified 
many traits of strong and upright manhood. 



H. ROLFF PLANTEN. 

To whatever market of the world Ameri- 
can products are distributed, the name of 
Planten is known in connection with phar- 
maceutical preparations, and it is particu- 
larly identified with the process placing a 
soluble shell of gelatine around medical 
substances, practically as a bottle contains 
fluids, and enabling the easy swallowing of 
these medical substances. 

The pioneer in this department of manu- 
facture was Hermanns Planten, grandfather 
of H. Rolff Planten, who was a native of 
Holland and a practical druggist. He came 
to New York in 1836, and in the same year 
engaged in the manufacture of pharmaceu- 
tical preparations. Aside from the business 
which he founded he is held in grateful re- 
' membrance as the founder of the first char- 
itable association of Hollanders — the Hol- 
land Emigrant Society, which was organized 
in 1847. 

John R. Planten, son 0/ Hermanns Plan- 
ten, was born in Amsterdam, Holland, No- 
vember 30, 1835, and was less than a year 
old when he was brought to the United 
States. He was educated in the public 
schools in New York city, and at an early 
age entered his father's laboratory and store, 
and became conversant with all the details 
of the business, mechanical as well as man- 
agerial. He eventually succeeded to the 
business, which he brought to far larger pro- 
portions, and it was under his management 
that the establishment made a world-wide 
fame. Since 1873 he has been consul-gen- 
eral for the Netherlands, a position in which 
he has exerted a potent influence in main- 




^^i-^-^^cJX'C-X, 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



149 



tairiing cordial relations between that 
country and the United States. He also 
maintains an active connection with the 
Netherlands Emigrant League, which was 
founded by his father, and which has per- 
formed splendid service in assisting thou- 
sands of worthy emigrants to homes in the 
interior of the United States. Mr. Planten 
married Miss Annie Rolff. 

H. Rolff Planten, son of John R. and 
Annie (Rolff) Planten, was born in the city 
of New York in 1863. He attended the pub- 
lic schools of Brooklyn, and pursued ad- 
vanced studies in Holland, where he re- 
mained for a period of four years. He then 
entered his father's establishment, but sub- 
sequently spent two years in Holland, en- 
gaged in the coffee trade. At a later day he 
re-entered the Planten drug house, and after 
a time succeeded his father in the manage- 
ment and has had it in charge to the pres- 
ent time. 

Mr. Planten has been among its most ac- 
tive and useful members of the Lafayette 
Avenue Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn 
during a period of thirty-five years. For 
five years he was chairman of its entertain- 
ment committee, and was one of the orig- 
inal members of the Men's Club of the 
church, and was deeply interested in the 
Young People's Association, of which he 
was president. He was for five years 
librarian of the Sunday school. 

Mr. Planten was married in 1887 to 
Ida Oilman, daughter of Smith D. Oilman, 
whose family trace back to the Revolution- 
ary' heroes. Of this marriage were born 
three children — Marguerite, John R., Jr., 
and Gertrude. The family maintain a beau- 



tiful home at No. 207 Carlton avenue, 
Brooklyn. 



DARWIN R. JAMES. 

Darwin R. James was born in Williams-, 
burgh, Massachusetts, May 14, 1834. His 
parents were in comfortable circumstances, his 
father being a merchant and manufacturer of 
woolen goods. On both sides of the family 
he came- from Puritan ancestry whose descend- 
ants remained uninterruptedly in New' Eng- 
land for many generations. From the pub- 
lished records of the town of Hingham it is 
learned that Francis and Philip James ar- 
rived from Hingham, England, in 1638; that 
they were men of prominence and possessed 
of some worldly wealth. Among his progeni- 
tors upon his mother's side (Cerintha Wells) 
are several who did good service in Indian 
Wars, in the French and English War, also 
in the War of the Revolution. 

The subject of this sketch was well en- 
dowed physically, and grew up with a vigor- 
ous constitution and an abundance of good na- 
ture which have served him well in the cease- 
less activities of his later life. Though his 
father was reputed to be a man of wealth ( for 
those days), he brought up his son to habits 
of industry and carefulness, and even as a lad 
threw upon him much responsibiHty. At the 
age of ■ thirteen he was sent to a boarding 
school at Amherst, Massachusetts, at which 
time- (1847) the family removed to Williams- 
burgh, now part of Brooklyn, New York. The 
lad remained three years at Amherst, where 
he attained much proficiency in his studies, 
and where he would have been glad to have 
had a full college course, but it was not the 



150 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



wish of his father, who needed him in his af- 
fairs. In January, 1850, as a lad of between 
sixteen and seventeen, he commenced his busi- 
ness career with a wholesale silk and dress 
goods firm upon a salary of fifty dollars for 
the first year. For eight years he served as 
clerk and salesman with three large wholesale 
houses, all of which failed in business, the 
last one going down in the great financial crash 
of 1857. 

Notwithstanding the unfortvmate careers of 
his employers, young James formed a copart- 
nership in February, 1858, with his equally 
young friend, Mitchell N. Packard, under the 
firm name of Packard & James, to deal in 
indigo, spices and East India goods, which 
firni remained unchanged for thirty-four years, 
since which time it has been D. R. James and 
Brother. For forty-five years the original 
firm and its successor has held an honorable 
place in the commercial world, its credit and 
standing being unimpeachable. In the inter- 
est of the firm Mr. James visited the Philip- 
pine Islands and the Eiast Indies in 1868 and 
1869. To reach San Francisco he took the 
overland route, preferring it to the route by 
way of the Isthmus of Panama, as it afforded 
more adventure. It was before the completion 
of the all-rail route, and involved eight hun- 
dred miles of stage travel in Wyoming, Utah 
and Nevada, all of which was intensely inter- 
esting to one of the turn of mind of Mr. 
James. The year 1869 witnessed the com- 
pletion of the all-rail route from the Atlantic 
to the Pacific, the opening of the Suez Canal, 
a portion of which Mr. James inspected be- 
fore the water was turned in, and it was only 
a year of two later that the all-rail route across 
India was also finished. Mr. James crossed 



the latter country from Allahabad to Bom- 
bay by rail so far as possible, and Dak, drawn 
by small horses instead of bullocks, over a 
government road through the Deccan countr.y 
where the railroad was not completed. The 
trip around the world was just prior to impor- 
tant changes in routes and methods of han- 
dling commeixe which have revolutionized 
business in these later years. The tour was a 
profitable one in a business sense to the firm, 
and of inestimable value to Mr. James through 
knowledge acquired, which he has since been 
able to use to advantage to himself and others. 
Being fond of traveling, he has availed him- 
self of opportunities as they have been pre- 
sented, and has been enabled to see much of 
his own and foreign lands. His family have 
lived abroad for several years for educational 
and health reasons which, with business, has 
frequently taken Mr. James across the ocean.' 
His connection with the United States Board 
of Indian Comrnissioners has caused him to 
visit many of the outlying parts of our own 
land when he has made trips of inspection of 
Indian schools or reservations. Upon these 
latter trips Mrs. James is usually his com- 
panion, for she, as president of the Woman's 
Home Missionary Society of the Presbyterian 
Church, is thus enabled to visit schools among 
the Indians or other " exceptional peoples " of 
our land, which are maintained by her board. 
Mr. James began when quite young to take 
an active interest in political matters, deem- 
ing it his duty under our form of government 
to make his influence felt in the body politic. 
His first vote for president was thrown for 
the Fremont and Dayton electoral ticket in 
1856, since which time he' has been more or 
less a force in the ranks of the Republican 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



151 



party. For over forty years he has seldom 
missed casting his vote at a primary election, 
and only once at a general election ; in the 
section of the city of Brooklyn v.-here,he lived 
for a quarter of a century, he was during many 
years a controlling factor in the councils of 
his party. He was ward association president 
for six years, and frequently represented his 
fellow citizens in nominating conventions and 
in the Kings county Republican general com- 
mittee. Though always a Republican, he was 
never attached to that wing of the party which 
was in, politics for the " spoils." He was al- 
ways in the advance in matters of reform and 
he earned a name for unselfish devotion to the 
people's interests. 

Mr. James never cared to hold public office ; 
he refused scores of times to permit the use 
of his name in connection with elective or ap- 
pointive positions. The only offices he has 
ever held are : commissioner of parks in Brook- 
lyn for six years (unsalaried) ; four years in 
the Congress of the United States ; and is 
serving his thirteenth year as a member of 
the United States Board of Indian Commis- 
sioners (also unsalaried), being chairman of 
the same. This appointment was given him 
by President Harrison, who also offered to ap- 
point him upon a special commission (with the 
late Mr. S. Dana Horton) to visit the Euro- 
pean governments in the interest of the re- 
monetization of silver. In the spring and 
summer of 1898 Mr. James, at the request of 
Governor Black, served upon the commission 
(unsalaried) for the investigation of the ex- 
penditure of the nine million dollars voted by 
the people for canal' enlargement. The com- 
mission was non-partisan, and consisted of 
George Clinton, Smith M. Weed, Darwin R. 



James, Franklin Edson, Frank Bi'ainard, Will- 
iam McEchron and A. Foster Fliggins. Each 
commissioner was a well known friend of the 
canals, and four of the number represented 
large commercial organizations. Mr. James 
represented the New York Board of Trade 
and Transportation, of which he was presi- 
dent; ex-Mayor Edson and Mr. Brainard rep- 
resented the Produce Exchange, while Mr. 
Higgins represented the Chamber of Com- 
merce. The commission did good work dur- 
ing its four months of service, and reached 
its conclusions without a dissenting vote. 

Late in the autumn of 1900, at the earnest 
request of Governor Roosevelt, he served 
upon a commission (unsalaried) to consider 
and report a plan for breaking up the Indian 
Reservations within the bounds of the State 
of New^ York. The commission consisted of 
Philip C. Garrett, Darwin R. James and Bishop 
William C. Walker, from the United States 
Board of Indian Commissioners; also Oscar 
S. Straus, late United States minister to Tur- 
key, and Daniel Smylie, of Lake Mohawk. 

Mr. James was elected to the Forty-eighth 
Congress to represent the Third New York 
District in November, 1882, at the election 
which swept Grover Cleveland into the guber- 
natorial chair by a plurality of a hundred and 
ninety-two thousand votes. Mr. James' plur- 
ality was twenty-four hundred, concerning 
which the New York Tribune said some very 
complimentary things, as he was almost the 
only Republican elected to any office in the 
lower end of the State. He was elected to 
the Forty-ninth Congress by a plurality of 
seventy-one hundred and twenty-five. His 
record was that of a faithful, hard worker 
and a diligent student who got to the bottjra 



1S2 



HISTORY OP LONG ISLAND. 



of questions. From his success in handling 
the silver question in the committee on coin- 
age, weights and measures, and on the floor 
of the house, where he led the sound money 
minority to a successful victory, defeating the 
Bland free coinage of silver bill by a hand- 
some majority, he was looked upon as the 
leader upon monetary questions. It was 
largely through his influence that an act was 
finally passed providing for the redemption of 
the " Trade Dollar," a measure which had 
been considered and defeated in the Forty- 
seventh and Forty-eighth Congresses. Mr. 
James was the representative of the great fin- 
ancial and mercantile institutions in New 
York, and during the years of 1885 and 1886 
was the recognized head of a literary bureau 
with headquarters in New York and Wash- 
ington from which was sent a vast amount of 
sound money literature for circulation through 
the West and South, bearing upon the silver 
question. 

Mr. James drafted the bill for the acquisi- 
tion of unused government lands adjoining 
the Navy Yard and Naval Hospital in Brook- 
lyn, for the establishment of a public market. 
The bill was not acted upon during his term 
of service, but was the basis upon which sub- 
sequent acts were framed which became laws, 
under which the city of Brooklyn acquired the 
property. Realizing that the bill could not be 
reached on the calendar during his term, he 
conceived the idea of occupying a portion of 
the unused land, and took the initiatory steps 
whereby a large tract on the east side of 
Washington avenue, north of Flushing ave- 
nue, was leased on a thirty-day notice to with- 
draw. The authorities of Brooklyn adopted 
the suggestion, perfected the artangement. 



laid out the streets and sublet building sites 
for temporary structures which were soon 
built and occupied by market men, and the 
Wallabout Market suddenly developed an im- 
portant business centre. 

Mr. James was one of the organizers of the 
Anti-Monopoly movement which developed so 
much strength in New York in the early 
eighties. It grew out of efforts of the New 
York Board of Trade and Transportation to 
secure legislation at Albany to prevent unjust 
railroad discriminations and other abuses 
which were so injurious to the interests of the 
people. He took an active part in securing 
the passage of the act providing for an investi- 
gation by a committee of the assembly, known 
as the " Hepburn Committee," which sat fot 
six months taking evidence upon these sub- 
jects. The report of the committee was su 
convincing that subsequent legislation was had 
which tended to remove many difficulties, re- 
sulting in a much better feeling on the parL 
of the people towards the great railroad cor- 
porations in this State. 

For twenty-four years Mr. James has been 
connected with the New York Board of Trade 
and Transportation, serving it during eighteen 
years as secretary, and five and a half years 
as president. This organization, with a mem- 
bership of about eight hundred intelligent 
business men or firms, has exerted a potential 
influence in securing proper legislation at Al- 
bany, Washington and in New York, and has 
done much to correct abuses. Mr. James has 
been connected with many successful finan- 
cial -institutions as trustee or director, and at 
this time is a member of the board of trustees 
of a dozen or more organizations, educational, 
religious or financial; he has served for fifteen 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



15:5 



years as secretary and twenty-one years as 
president of the East Brooklyn Savings Banl< ; 
was one of the organizers and trustee of the 
Nassau Trust Company, Franklin Trust Com- 
pany, Franklin Safe Deposit Company, Brook- 
lyn Real Estate Exchange, Brooklyn Edison 
Electric Illuminating Company, Brooklyn Bu- 
reau of Charities (organized charities). Bush- 
wick and East Brooklyn Dispensary ; is trustee 
of a college in Canton (Qiina) ; trustee and 
treasurer of the Lincoln Memorial Institute 
at Cumberland Gap, Tennessee ; and is chair- 
man of the finance committee of the Board 
of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian 
Church in the United States of America. For 
ten years he served as chairman of the Church 
Extension Committee of the Brooklyn Pres- 
bytery, and has had much to do with the or- 
ganization of about twenty successful churches 
of the denomination with which he is associ- 
ated. For over fifty years he has been con- 
nected with a Mission Sunday School and 
most of the time its superintendent and finan- 
cial manager. Three large and flourishing 
churches are the outgrowth of this work. 

Mr. James is a life member of the Long 
Island Historical Society, the Brooklyn Insti- 
tute of Arts and Sciences and the Seventh 
Regiment (New York) Veteran Association; 
an honorary member of the New York Boar^l 
of Trade and Transportation ; and a member 
of the National Geographic Society, and the 
New England Society and the Union League 
Club of Brooklyn. 

Mr. James has been an' indefatigable worker, 
having the faculty of successfully supervising 
many and varied interests; has been favored 
with excellent health and has a fondness for 
work. He is not a man of laree wealth, for 



he has never made its accumulation a matter 
of paramount importance, and has taken pleas- 
ure in using it as he has had occasion and as 
opjx'rtunity has presented. Although gettin^; 
to be an old man, he is still active and in en- 
joyment of good health. 

In January, 1858, Mr. James married Miss 
Mary E. Fairchild, of Stockbridge, Massachu- 
setts, a young lady from a family prominent 
as educators and reformers. Possessed of a 
superior mind, she had the advantage of the 
best educational training which Massachusetts 
afforded to young women at that time. She 
graduated from Maplewood Institute, Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, then under the care of 
Professor Tyler, in 1855, and during the two 
following years was a successful teacher in a 
young ladies' boarding school at Wilmington, 
Delaware. She was of a studious turn of 
mind, and in her early married life took up 
the study of Greek, and also gave much at- 
tention to elocution, which latter served her 
well in later years when she became an accom- 
plished platform speaker, addressing large 
meetings of women who were interested in 
the work of the societies of which she was 
president. Upon her arrival in Brooklyn she 
entered actively into philanthropic and relig- 
ious work, becoming a teacher and visitor in 
her husband's Mission School, a worker in 
a home for aged colored people in New York, 
a manager in the Brooklyn Orphan Asylum, 
from which she subsequently resigned to be- 
come a manager in the Brooklyn Industrial 
School Association in order to start a new 
school (No. 5) in the rooms of her husband's 
Mission School. Mrs. James early became a 
manager in the Women's Union Missionary 
Association, Mrs. Doremus, president, the 



154 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



pioneer women's society in this country, for 
work in foreign lands. She remained in this 
organization until the formation of the 
Women's Board of Home and Foreign Mis- 
sions of the synod of Long Island, of which 
society she was chosen president. Later she 
was elected president of the Women's Presby- 
terial Society of the Presbytery of Brooklyn. 
She was elected to the women's executive 
committee of the Board of Home Missions 
(now the Women's Board of Home Missions 
of the Presbyterian Church), and was made 
vice-president in 1882, four years after its or- 
ganization. In 1886 she was chosen presi- 
dent, to which position she has been re-elected 
year by year to the present time. The income 
of this society for year, as reported in April, 
1902, was nearly $350,000. Its work is edu- 
cational, and they have schools among the ex- 
ceptional population from Alaska to Arizona 
and New Mexico. In Utah are many of these 
schools through which an insiglit has been ob- 
tained into the workings of the " Church of 
Latter Day Saints.'' Mrs. James during many 
years had made a study of the " Mormon ques: 
tion," and did what she could to prevent the 
admission of Utah to statehood, having no 
confidence in the promises of the hierarchy 
that polygamy should cease. She led in the 
great uprising of the women of the land to 
prevent the polygampus Brigharn H. Roberts 
from occupying the seat in the House of Rep- 
resentatives of the Fifty-sixth Congress, to 
which he had been elected. She enlisted Miss 
Helen Gould and other prominent women in 
the cause, raised money for carrying forward 
the campaign, appeared before the judiciary 
committee of the house, had speakers in the 
field, and secured opinions from eminent jur- 



ists as to the line of attack upon the enemy. 
The effort to unseat Roberts being successful, 
she commenced at once an active campaign' in 
favor of a constitutional amendment which, if 
adopted, it is thought by many of our wisest 
statesmen will effect the suppression of polyg- 
amy. 

Mrs. James organized the Interdenomina- 
tional Society of Women for Patriotic and 
Religious Work, to work to this end, which 
society after two years of effort has now 
turned the work over to the Woman's Chris- 
tian Temperance Union, who are carrying 
forward a vigorous campaign. For many 
years Mrs. James was president of the Wom- 
en's National Sabbath Alliance and of the 
Women's Auxiliary of the Brooklyn City Mis- 
sion and Tract Society. She took the presi- 
dency of the latter society at a time when there 
were unfortunate differences in the board of 
management, and the society was losing its 
usefulness ; her acceptance of the office united 
the workers, with the result that the society 
has since made rapid progress, becoming an 
important adjunct to the City Mission and 
Tract Society in its great work of city evan- 
gelization. 

During the four years of her husband's 
service in Congress the family made their 
home in Washington, where they kept open 
house, extending hospitalities to constituents 
and all workers in religious and philanthropic 
causes. Mrs. James was received with great 
cordiality, and she entered at once upon a 
sphere of usefulness. Her superior abiHties 
were recognized, and she was made the leader 
among many women in efforts at reform. For 
instance, there were those who felt that nig'ht 
schools for the colored population should be 



HISTdRY OF LONG ISLAND. 



155 



opened, of- which none had existed. She 
headed the small coterie of women, who accom- 
plished the object, obtaining consent of the 
authorities to the opening of two schools, and 
from the appropriation committee of the house 
the necessary money to sustain them. Hon. 
Sam. Randall, chairman of the committee, en- 
tering heartily into the cause, had the item in- 
serted into the appropriation bill. There were 
those who were greatly interested in an effort 
to help the poor newsboys, the condition of 
many of whom was forlorn and wretched. An 
organization of a few charitably disposed peo- 
ple was perfected, who selected Mrs. James 
for president, when the society commenced 
work, on a small scale at first, but the founda- 
tions were well and carefully laid, with the 
result that the society has had a very success- 
ful career, developing into a useful organiza- 
tion. Mrs. James was invited to be in receiv- 
ing parties at presidential receptions and to a 
state dinner at the White House. Her accom- 
plishments were recognized, and she was in- 
vited to join literary and scientific societies. 
She was also invited to and accepted the invi- 
tation to give a course of weekly talks to 
women upon religious and sociological ques- 
tions. During these four years Mrs. James 
kept up her activities in the New York and 
Brooklyn societies of which she remained 
president. , Mrs. James' life has been an in- 
tensely active one, and she had accomplished 
much for her fellows, but, notwithstanding the 
fact that so much of it has been before the 
public, yet her great work has been ni 
her own home and its immediate surroundings. 
She hds never neglected home for public du- 
ties; sne has reared and cared for a large 



family who are acting their parts well in life's 
great drama. 

The family life of Mr. and Mrs. James has 
been an unusually happy one. Both have been 
active, hard working people, blessed with good 
health, fond of exercise, and of walking and 
climbing mountains, and have been extensive 
travelers. To accompljsh so much, Mrs. 
James has taken long seasons of rest, and at 
intervals of several years her husband has 
packed them all across the ocean to Europe, 
where he has left them for a year or more 
each time, for recreation, study and travel. 

The children born to Mr. and Mrs. James 
were : Mrs. Horatio M. Adams and Mrs. 
George Rossen, of Brooklyn ; Mrs. William C. 
Adams, of New York city ; and the following 
named of Brooklyn : Mrs. Warren E. Derby, 
Mrs. Harold Vernon, Darwin R. and James. 
The grandchildren are fourteen in number. 



EDWARD J. FITZHUGH. 

Edward J. Fitzhugh, one of the oldest and 
most prominent musicians of Brooklyn, was 
born in Nottingham, England, November 21, 
1835, son of John and Harriet (Wyvill) 
Fitzhugh. His father was also a profes- 
sional musician, giving his attention mostly 
to vioHn playing and the teaching of music. 
In early life he became prominent in the 
musical circles of Nottingham, serving as 
director of the Harmonic Society of that 
place. He removed with his family to the 
United States about 1848, living for a time 
in Brooklyn, but returned to England for 
three or four years, his wife and children, 
however, continuing to reside in this coun- 
try, at Springfield, Massachusetts, where he 



156 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



rejoined them. Subsequently the family 
came back to Brooklyn, and in that city he 
died in 1869. His surviving children besides 
Edward J. are WilHam W. and Charles H., 
both of whom are engaged in business in 
New York city, and Mrs. Elizabeth Fitz- 
hugh Atkinson, of Bound Brook, New Jer- 
sey. 

Edward J. Fitzhugh began to study music 
in early boyhood and was a pupil of Will- 
iam Vincent Wallace, pianist and violinist, 
and composer of the opera of "Maritana." 
While in Springfield he was a pupil of Gus- 
tav Satter, of Boston. At the age of seven- 
teen he commenced to play as a piano solo- 
ist, and before attaining his majority he 
was appointed conductor, both in vocal and 
instrumental music, of the Springfield Phil- 
harmonic Society, an amateur organization 
which enjoyed more than local reputation, 
and with which he continued to be identi- 
fied during the remainder of his residence in 
Springfield. 

In 1859 Mr. Fitzhugh went south to take 
charge of the musical department in a young 
ladies' institute at Fort Gibson, Mississippi. 
From there he came in 1862 to Brooklyn, 
where he has since pursued his professional 
work without interruption — a period of 
forty years. Soon after making his home in 
that city he was appointed to the position 
of instructor of music in the public schools, 
a capacity in which he served for some ten 
years. During that time Mr. Fitzhugh 
wrote and compiled a vocal book entitled 
"The Canzonetta," which was adopted by 
the Board of Education, and used very large- 
ly throughout the public schools of the city. 
Many of Mr. Fitzhugh's original composi- 



tions in the book have since by permission 
been used in other vocal school books. 
He finally resigned to give more attention 
to private conducting and teaching. 

Throughout his residence in Brooklyn 
Mr. Fitzhugh has been identified with the 
religious musical interests of the commu- 
nity. His first employment in this connec- 
tion was as organist at Saini Luke's Clin- 
ton Avenue Church, of which the Rev. Dr. 
Diller was at that, time rector. Upon the 
division of the Saint Luke's congregation 
and the organization of the Saint James's 
Protestant Episcopal Church at the corner 
of Lafayette avenue and Saint James's 
place, Mr. Fitzhugh became the organist 
and choirmaster for the latter church, where 
he was in charge of the music for fifteen 
years. Under his direction the Saint James's 
choir gained a very high reputation for the 
excellence of its music, a result largely due 
to the generous financial support of the late 
WilHam S. Woodward. In 1883 Mr. Fitz- 
hugh left the Saint James's Church to ac- 
cept a similar position in the Church of 
the Redeemer (Fourth avenue and Pacific 
street), but at the end of a year resigned and 
went to Saint Mark's Church in New York 
city (Tenth street and Second avenue). 
Here he remained for six years, during the 
same period — excepting an interval of one 
year — serving also as visiting choirmaster, 
with an assistant organist, at the Church of 
the Redeemer. In the latter capacity he 
continued for about eight years, and in ad- 
dition acted for a year as visiting choir- 
master at the Church of the Good Shepherd. 
After leaving Saint Mark's in N«w York, 
he was for two yeafs organist at the Church 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



157 



of the Reformation in Gates avenue, and 
then returned as organist to the Church of 
the Redeemer for one year. 

For much of the time while filling the 
various engagements above enumerated, Mr. 
Fitzhugh devoted a good deal of his atten- 
tion to professional work in Plainfield, New 
Jersey, and to his conscientious and able 
services the musical interests of that place 
are largely indebted for the progress they 
have enjoyed in the last twenty years. He 
played for two years as organist of the First 
Baptist Church of Plainfield, subsequently 
becoming visiting choirmaster, a position in 
which he still continues. For many years 
he has also been at the head of the Plain- 
field Choral Society. Since 1896 Mr. Fitz- 
Jiugh has been the organist of the Simpson 
Methodist Episcopal Church (Clermont and 
Willoughby avenues, Brooklyn). 

He was the principal organizer a quarter 
of a century ago of the Saint Cecilia Vocal 
Society, composed of mixed voices, and con- 
ducted it with marked success. This society 
is remembered in musical circles in Brook- 
lyn as one of peculiar artistic excellence. At 
various times he has been instrumental in 
organizing, and has rendered faithful, val- 
uable and highly appreciated work in con- 
ducting other select amateur societies. As 
a private instructor of music he is known 
for the same thoroughness and accomplished 
ability which have characterized his pro- 
fessional work. He has composed and ar- 
ranged various successful church pieces, Te 
Deums, Jubilates, Benedictus, Evening Serv- 
ice Anthems, also part songs for men's and 
women's voices. 



Mr. Fitzhugh resides at No. 69 Greene 
avenue. 

He married in 1864 Eugenia Armistead, 
of an old Virginia family, who was born in 
the city of New Orleans. In New Orleans 
Mrs. Fitzhugh was a pianoforte pupil of 
Maurice Strackosh, brother-in-law of Ade- 
line Patti, and in New York city a vocal 
pupil of P. A. Rivarde and Madame Ermina 
Rudersdorf. In her youth Mrs. Fitzhugh 
possessed a very fine soprano voice and was 
heard in both church and on the concert 
platform. They have had eight children, 
of whom six now survive, as follows : 
Blanche, widow of John A. Whitaker, of 
Ridgewood, New Jersey. Since her widow- 
hood she has been occupied teaching the 
piano in the city, and has also a large class 
of pupils in Ridgewood, New Jersey, where 
also she conducts very successfully a ladies' 
vocal club; Arthur A., of Ridgewood, New 
Jersey; Harriet, wife of William J. Savoye, 
of Allendale, New Jersey; Herbert W., of 
Brooklyn; Helen, wife of Ralph M. Helmer, 
of Brooklyn; Bessie W., wife of Henry L. 
Merry, of Brooklyn. 



JOSEPH D. HUGGINS. 

Among the .enterprising and successful 
business men of New York city who reside 
in the borough of Brooklyn is Joseph D. 
Huggins, a native of New York city, who is 
now engaged as agent for a number of 
prominent shoe mills. He is a descendant 
of a Scotch-Irish and Huguenot ancestry. 
His father, William W. Huggins, was born 
in Ireland, but in early life migrated to this 
country and engaged in the shoe business. 



158 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



This line of industry proved a profitable 
means of livelihood, and he continued to 
follow it during the many years of his 
active and useful life. William W. Huggins 
and his wife Eliza (Farmer) Huggins, who 
is living at the present time (1903), aged 
seventy-eight years, were active and con- 
sistent members in the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. .Mr. Huggins died in 1873; he was 
an upright, conscientious, man and he be- 
queathed to his family the priceless herit- 
age of an untarnished reputation. During 
the progress of the Civil war, at the Astor 
House, New York city, he witnessed the 
execution of a black man, which was an 
unusual spectacle in this section of the 
United States. 

Joseph D. Huggins attended Public 
School No. 8, of Brooklyn, New York, com- 
pleting his studies in the year 1868, he 
being then sixteen years of age. He se- 
cured employrnent with the firm of D. 
Appleton & Company, book publishers, and 
during his many years connection with the 
firm his "services were in every wise so 
satisfactory that they were unwilling to 
sever the bond when his tastes and inclina- 
tions led him to prefer a different occupa- 
tion. He entered the wholesale shoe 
business, being first employed in the estab- 
lishment of a friend, later conducted the 
shoe business established by his father, and 
at the present time (1903) is selling agent 
for a number of shoe mills, his business 
office being located at 127 Duane street. 
New York city. Mr. Huggins is a practical 
business man, conducts his transactions in 
a prompt and reliable manner, and his name 
in the commercial world is synonymous 



with honesty and integrity. He is a charter 
member and was the first master of Alpha 
Lodge, Free and Accepted JVlasons of 
Brooklyn, and is a charter member of the 
Montauk Club. 

Mr. Huggins married Mary Bowne, 
daughter of James- C. Bowne, a representa- 
tive of an old and honored Brooklyn family, 
and one child has been born to them, Mary 
Huggins. In 1892 Mr. Huggins became 
a member of the New York Avenue Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, Brooklyn, New 
York, and has served as steward of the 
church, also assistant superintendent of the 
Sunday School connected with it. Mrs. 
Huggins is also actively interested in church 
work, is a member of the same church as 
her husband, has been a director of the 
Methodist Home for many years, and super- 
intendent of the female department of the 
Sunday School. The family reside in a 
handsome home at 208 New York avenue, 
Brooklyn, New York. 



DR. JOHN MARIE LORETZ. 

Dr. John Marie Loretz, of Brooklyn, 
musician, was born in Mulhouse, in the De- 
partment of Haut Rhin, Alsace, France 
(now a part of Germany), February 15, 
1846. His parents were John B. and Jo- 
sephine (Lorentz) Loretz, both of whom 
were natives of Alsace and descendants of 
old and notable families. Many of the fore- 
fathers of Dr. Loretz were soldiers, stj^tes- 
men and professional men of distinction. 
His paternal grandfather, John Loretz, was 
an officer under the great Napoleon, from 
whom, in recognition of important services, 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



159 



he had the honor of receiving a snuffbox on 
the field of battle. Oil his mother's side Dr. 
Loretz is a descendant of General Metzger, 
who at one time served as governor of Hol- 
land. 

The father of Dr. Loretz, having a strong 
predilection "and marked talents for music, 
decided to pursue a musical career, and to 
this end enjoyed good educational advant- 
ages in his native country. He was for 
some seventeen years organist of the parish 
church of Mulhouse. A strong Republican 
in his political principles, he was an earnest 
opponent of the usurpation of Louis Na- 
poleon (afterward Napoleon III.), and 
owing to his active part in resisting the 
coup d'etat was obliged to 'emigrate to 
America. This was in the early childhood 
of his son John. Coming with his family 
to New.York city, he was appointed organ- 
ist of Saint Stephen's Roman Catholic 
Church, under the Rev. Dr. Cummings, one 
of the most distinguished preachers of that 
period- in the metropolis. Subsequently, in 
addition fo_ the morning service in New 
York, he played ah afternoon service in the 
Brooklyn Universalist Church, at the cor- 
ner of Clark street and Monroe place, and 
still lat£r he removed to Brooklyn, where 
he continued to reside until his death (1893). 
He was for fifteen years organist at Dr. 
Buddington's Congregational Church (Clin- 
ton and Lafayette avenues). One of the 
most accomplished performers of his time, 
■and also a composer of merit, he is remem- 
bered with respect and affection by the mu- 
sical community of Brooklyn. 

The mother of Dr. Loretz was a lady of 
fine cultivation, especially in music, to which 



she -Was enthusiastically devoted, being an 
excellent singer, although never engaged in 
a professional capacity. Her surviving chil- 
dren are : ■ Charles Albert, who served in 
the War of the Rebellion, subsequently be- 
coming major in the United States army, 
and is now superintendent of a large fac- 




tory; John Marie, the subject of our sketch; 
and Arthur J., a mechanical engineer, who 
has been prominently identified with the 
construction of important works throughout 
the country, including parts of the Brook- 
lyn Water Works, for which he planned a 
great steam pump whose construction wa6 
regarded as one of the mechanical triumphs 
of the times. 



160 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



John Marie Loretz from his earHest child- 
hood manifested great aptitude for music, 
being encouraged in this taste by his pa- 
rents, and especially by his mother, to whom 
he owed most of the instruction that he re- 
ceived until old enough to place himself 
under professional training. At the age of 
ten he played the violin so as to attract at- 
tention, also singing in concerts as a boy 
soloist. About this time, having become 
proficient on the organ, he began occasion- 
ally to play the services for his father at the 
old Saint Stephen's Church in Twenty- 
eighth street. New York. Soon afterward 
he made his debut as a pianist at a concert 
in Brooklyn, playing with success the grand 
concerto by Carl M. Von Weber, and before 
completing his twelfth year he took his first 
regular position as an organist in the Brook- 
lyn Universalist Church (Clark street and 
Monroe place), and also published his first 
composition. 

By the invitation of a French nobleman 
then in America, young Loretz next paid a 
visit to Cuba, where he had the honor of 
playing with the celebrated Gottschalk. Re- 
turning home at the end of a year he contin- 
ued his studies in Brooklyn for a while, and 
then in his fifteenth year went to Paris to 
complete his musical education. In that city 
he became the pupil of Portehaut, maitre 
de chant at the Opera Comique and organist 
at the Notre Dame de Lorette. Upon his 
examination for entrance to the Conserva- 
toire of Paris as one of forty-five applicants 
for seven vacancies, he was admitted third, 
and during his second year in that institu- 
tion he was placed in the highest piano 
class under Laurent and Marmontel. Mean- 



time he continued his studies with Portehaut, 
whose place at the Opera Comique and also 
at church he frequently filled. Owing to 
his youth he was not regarded as eligible 
to admission to the composition class at the 
Conservatoire, but through friendly influ- 
ence he was able to gain entrance to Reber's 
Classe de Composition, where he studied 
under the guidance of that fine old master. 
He was graduated from the Conservatoire 
at the age of eighteen with all honors. After 
spending some time in travel through Ger- 
many, Switzerland, Italy, France and Eng- 
land, playing on many old cathedral organs, 
he returned to the United States. Here he 
resumed his residence in Brooklyn, shortly 
afterward making his formal debut at a con- 
cert of the Brooklyn Philharmonic Society 
with brilliant success. 

Being desirous of writing for a military 
band, he accepted the position of assistant- 
band master in the United States navy. 
This was about the time of the conclusion 
of the Civil War. After leaving the navy 
he embarked upon his regular professional 
career in Brooklyn, where he has continued 
without interruption to the present time. 

His first engagement as an organist was 
at Saint Peter's Roman Catholic Church, 
where he had the distinction of organizing 
the first volunteer choir and the first boy 
choir in the city of Brooklyn. From there 
he went to the North Reformed Church, 
then to Saint Ann's, then to the Sacred 
Heart, then to Saint Agnes's, then to Saint 
Mark's, and finally back to the Sacred 
Heart, where he is still engaged. In point 
of continuous professional service Dr. Lo- 
retz probably is the oldest organist now 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



161 



living in Brooklyn. There is hardly a 
Brooklyn church for whose benefit he has 
not played. 

Besides his career as an organist, Dr. 
Loretz's professional record includes much 
important service as a conductor, and in 
connection with representative Brooklyn 
musical societies. He was the founder of 
the Brooklyn Choral Union, and was at its 
head for some years, and has served as con- 
ductor and instructor of the Brooklyn Opera 
Association, and conductor of the Sapho Mu- 
sical Union, the Saint Peter's Amateur So- 
ciety, the Euterpe Society, and various other 
organizations. He has always enjoyed a 
high reputation as a private teacher of 
music, particularly as a voice trainer, and 
under his instruction many brilliant and suc- 
cessful vocalists have been prepared for pro- 
fessional work both on the stage and in the 
churches. 

As already noticed, he began to compose 
music at the age of ten, and in this depart- 
ment his genius has been most prolific, and 
has been exercised without interruption for 
a period of nearly half a century. There is 
scarcely a class of music to which he has 
not made notable contributions, and many 
pieces from his pen, especially in the more 
serious and dignified branches of CQmposi- 
tion, have gained reputation throughout the 
world. The following is a list of his more 
important works : 

Piano Music. — Twenty-four Songs With- 
out Words, very classical and romantic, for 
artists only ; twenty-four Concert Waltzes ; 
three celebrated TarantelleS (in F, in E 
minor, and in A major) ; several fine Con- 
cert Galops, and numerous other brilliant 
piano pieces. '-■£. 



Church Vocal Music. — Gems of Saint 
Peter's and Gems of Saint Agnes 's, twenty- 
four in each set ; five Masses (Christmas, 
Easter, in C, in B flat, and the Sacred Heart 
Mass) ; Grand Vespers of the Sacred Heart, 
and a great variety of other single pieces for 
choral rendition. 

Orchestral Music. — Operas : The Pearl 
of Bagdad, Ivanhoe, Cupid in Livery, Jacobi, 
and a new work not yet com,plete. The 
"Pearl of Bagdad," when rendered at the 
Academy of Music, was a magnificent suc- 
cess, drawing overflowing houses and being 
received with the greatest enthusiasm by 
the musical public. The opera of "Jacobi" 
was also a splendid success, and is still 
called for by amateur societies. Both these 
works are still in manuscript. Overtures 
for the full orchestra (which have been 
played by Theodore Thomas and other emi- 
nent conductors) : The Black Prophet, the 
Pearl of Bagdad, Deborah, The Grand Mon- 
arch, Anna the Belle of Nassau, Ivanhoe, 
Cupid in Livery, ' and the Festival of the 
Flowers. 

Band Music. — Various pieces written 
while in the navy, which are the property of 
the United States government. . 

Organ Music. — A number of important 
compositions (ofifertoires, sorties, postludes, 
and pastorals), which he has contributed 
to the "Vox Organi," edited by Dudley 
Buck, a work used by the best organists 
both in Europe and America. 

Marches. — The Eagle March, Old Glory, 
Naval Brigade, Old Admiral, Three Kings 
of Orient, the Graduates' March, Uncle 
Sam, Coronation, Dedication, etc. 

Dr. Loretz received his degree of Doctor 



162 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



of Music from the University of the State 
of New York in 1881, the Rev. Dr. Howard 
Crosby being at that time the head of the 
University. The distinction of the decora- 
tion of the Knights of Saint Gregory was 
conferred upon him by Pope Pius IX for the 
best Dedication Mass written for a pontifical 
anniversary. 

Aside from his profession, Dr. Loretz is 
a man of varied accomplishments, and many 
activities have engaged his ceaseless ener- 
gies. He is an organ builder of very high 
reputation, several of the finest organs in 
the Broklyn churches being his handiwork. 
The organs of Saint Agnes's Church and the 
Church of the Sacred Heart were entirely 
planned by him, and the new organs of 
Saint Peter's and the Dutch Reformed 
Church were rebuilt from his plans. The 
beautiful organ presented to Saint Mary's 
Church of Roslyn, Long Island, by Mr. 
Clarence H. Mackay, is the latest specimen 
of the Doctor's work in organ building. 

Much of his leisure time has been devoted 
to painting, purely for his own artistic and 
intellectual enjoyment. His paintings in 
oil comprise some three hundred and fifty 
pictures, many of which are marines marked 
by originality and fine treatment. Although 
the Doctor has never sought to figure as a 
painter, modestly preferring to be regarded 
as an amateur, he has frequently exhibited 
his pictures, especially at the annual exhi- 
bitions of the Brooklyn Art Association, and 
they have been received by critics and con- 
noisseurs with marked praise. 

He has contributed to periodicals and 
other publications numerous articles on mu- 
sic, travel and miscellaneous topics. 



To the energies of Dr. Loretz is due much 
of the credit for the foundation of a noble 
institution — the Soldiers' Home at Bath. 
After the Civil War, many maimed and 
destitute old soldiers, finding no work to 
which to turn their hands, became prac- 
tically a charge upon the charity or gener- 
osity of the public. This was especially no- 
ticeable in Brooklyn, where the poor vet- 
erans, as a means of inviting alms, fre- 
quented the streets in great numbers with 
barrel organs. Dr. Loretz, in an address 
to Rankin Post, No. 10, called attention to 
the sad state of aflfairs, and strongly urged 
the inception of a movement to found a 
soldiers' home. His appeal made a pro- 
found impression, and led to the first organ- 
ized undertaking to this end. The money 
raised as a result formed the nucleus of the 
funds from which the Soldiers' Home at 
Bath was erected. 

Dr. Loretz is a loyal and enthusiastic 
Long Islander. His home is at 308 Cler- 
mont avenue, Brooklyn. He also owns 
property at Mount Sinai Harbor, SuflFolk 
county, where he spends his summers. 



ELBRIDGE HENRY BOARDMAN. 

Elbridge Henry Boardman, actively con- 
nected for the past forty-five years with the 
Fairbank Scale Company, of Elm street. 
New York city, and now acting in the 
capacity of manager of the scale depart- 
ment, was born in Nashua, New Hampshire. 
He is a son of William Boardman, who was 
born in Wales, from whence he came to 
this country and subsequently settled in 
Nashua, New Hampshire, being largely in- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



163 



strumental in the formation and upbuilding 
of the town. He was a millwright by trade, 
and in following this occupation met with 
a large degree of success. He erected many 
mills in Nashua, and was regarded as one 
of its prominent and influential citizens. 
He was an active participant of the War of 
1812, being one of the noted minute-men. 
His death occurred in the year 1856. 

Elbridge H. Boardman acquired his liter- 
ary education in the common schools of 
Nashua, came to New York city in 1855, 
being then a young boy, and entered the 
employ of the Fairbank Scale Company, 
whose place of business at that time was 
situated at 189 Broadway. They then gave 
employment to six men, but during the 
passing years the business has so increased 
that they have now one hundred and twenty - 
five employes on their pay roll. Mr. 
Boardman's exemplary character, business 
ability and fidelity to duty soon won the 
unqualified confidence and good will of his 
employers, and he was promoted from time 
to time until he now fills the responsible 
position of manager of the scale department. 
During his busy and useful career he never 
neglected the higher duties of life, being 
connected for thirty-three years with the 
Lafayette Avenue Church in the capacity 
of deacon for twenty-three years, president 
of the official board for eighteen years, had 
complete charge of the singing of the infant 
department of Sunday school for ten years, 
and an usher for fifteen years. Mr. Board- 
man is now a resident of Englewood, New 
Jerse)^ having moved there two years ago. 

Mr. Boardman was twice married, his first 
wife having been Sarah E, Mead, daughter 

I . 9 



of George B. Mead. Four children were 
born of this union, three of whom are now 
living. For his second wife he chose Flora 
M. Schoolman, a daughter of C. F. School- 
man of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and 
they are the parents of two living children. 



R. HUNTINGTON WOODMAN. ' 

R. Huntington Woodman, organist and 
choirmaster of the First Presbyterian 
Church, Brooklyn, famed throughout the 
country for his masterly abilities as a per- 
former, director and composer, is held in 
peculiar regard by music lovers in that city 
as being native born and as the son of one 
(Jonathan Call Woodman) who, in his own 
day, was alsO' a capable musician in the 
same place. ■. 'l\ii, | 

Mr. Woodman is of English extraction, a 
lineal descendant of Edward Woodman, the 
founder of the family in America, who came 
from Wiltshire, England, and located in 1635 
in Newburyport, Massachusetts. Edward 
Woodman became a man of prominence; he 
was deputy to the general court in 1639-43 ; 
special commissioner for the trial of small 
cases ; and was a leader in the church. From 
him the line of descent through the succes- 
sive generations is through Jonathan, David 
and Samuel to Charles Woodman, grand- 
father of R. Huntington Woodman. Charles 
Woodman was a resident of Boston, and a 
hatter by trade. He married Abigail Stacy 
Call, and they became the parents of nine 
children. 

Of the family last named was Jonathan 
Call Woodman, born in Newburyport, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he received his literary 



164 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



education. He developed a taste for music, 
and studied the art under the great teacher 
Lowell Mason, with whom he became inti- 
mately associated, and whose place as di- 
rector of music in the Boston pubhc schools 
he frequently occupied in the absence of Mr. 
Mason. He was an excellent vocalist, and 
was one of the organizers and original mem- 
bers of the famous Handel and Haydn So- 
ciety of Boston. Mr. Woodman subse- 
quently removed to Brooklyn and taught 
music in the public schools of New York, 
and for eight years was in charge of the 
music in the Packer Institute in Brooklyn. 
For some years he was organist of St. 
George's Church, Flushing, Long Island. 
He married Sarah Copeland, a daughter of 
Charles Copeland, an architect of Boston, 
and of this marriage were born two chil- 
dren, R. Huntington Woodman, and another 
son who died in infancy. Mrs. Woodman 
died March 24, 1892, aged seventy-two years, 
and her husband survived her less than a 
year, dying February 5, 1893, aged eighty 
years. 

R. Huntington Woodman was born in 
Brooklyn, January 18, 1861. After attend- 
ing Trinity School in Brooklyn, the public 
schools in Flushing and graduating from the 
g-rammar' schools of New York, he entered 
the College of the City of New York, but 
left in his junior year to enter upon his 
active musical career in response to an invi- 
tation to become organist at Christ Church, 
Norwich, Connecticut. He entered upon his 
engagement with excellent preparation. He 
had inherited excellent musical taste, and 
his abilities had begun development at an 
early age. When only thirteen he became 



an alto singer in St. George's Church, Flush- 
ing, under his father as organist and di- 
rector, remaining five years. During this 
period he acted as assistant organist, play- 
ing at church services, weddings and re- 
citals, and also for some weeks, during the 
illness of his father, conducting the choir 
rehearsals. He was eighteen when he was 
called to the organ of Christ Church in Nor- 
wich, Cannecticut, and he occupied his' place 
most creditably for one year, when (March 
I, 1880) he accepted a call to the position 
of organist in the First Presbyterian Church 
of Brooklyn, where he has since continu- 
ously remained, making probably the long- 
est continuous term as organist in one 
church than any other Brooklyn organist, 
with the possible exception of Mr. Dudley 
Buck. Lender his direction the music in 
this, one of the most prominent churches 
in the city, has been brought to an excep- 
tionally high excellence, and has attracted 
the admiring attention of thousands of peo- 
ple from all parts of the United States. Mr. 
Woodman's choir consists of a first-class 
quartet of soloists of professional ability, 
supplemented by a carefully selected and 
well trained chorus of twenty-six voices. 
During the incumbency of Mr. Woodman a 
new organ was built, and many of its most 
superior tonal features and mechanical ad- 
vantages were of his devising. Meantime, 
beginning with his first engagement as an 
organist, Mr. Woodman assiduously pur- 
sued advanced musical studies, taking in- 
struction in counterpoint, orchestration and 
composition under the masterly tutorship 
of Dudley Buck, and supplementing this 
with a summer's study under Caesar Frank, 




\f^J\!\yJ^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



167 



professor of the famous Paris (France) 
Conservatory of Music. 

As an organist, Mr. Woodman has long 
held a foremost position in the profession, 
and for fifteen years past has been a favorite 
performer at organ openings and recitals in 
leading cities throughout the country. The 
writer of this narrative first heard Mr. 
Woodman (as he did nearly all performers 
of note who appeared there) perform upon 
the magnificent organ in the great Audi- 
torium in Chicago early in 1893, and again 
upon the instrument in Festival Hall at the 
World's Columbian Exposition, in the same 
city, later the same year, and his ear yet 
recalls the exquisite pleasure of his listen- 
ing to the performer's splendid effort. The 
programmes revealed not only his artistic 
interpretation, masterly registration and 
faultless execution (equally perfect on J3ed- 
als and mannals), but also an all-compre- 
hensive versatility which included, compo- 
sitions of all shades of musical thought — 
sonatas of Mendelssohn, fantasies of Saint- 
Saens, fugues of Bach, and the choicest 
works of Guilmant, Rubenstein, Thiele, 
Wagner and others. During the Buffalo 
Exposition, Mr. Woodman gave two re- 
citals, and was called to a prominent place 
at the Louisiana Purchase National Exposi- 
tion in St. Louis in 1904 at the great organ 
built for that occasion. 

Mr. Woodman is one of the most indus- 
trious in his profession, his activities ex- 
tending into various fields. He is professor 
of music at the Packer Institute, in which 
he organized the present department of mu- 
sic, and to which he has recently added a 
department of theoretics, and he affords 



organ instructions to a considerable number 
of private pupils. He is vice-president of 
the department of music in the Brooklyn 
Institute of Arts and Sciences, having 
served as such for two terms. He was one 
of the founders of the American Guild of 
Organists, in which he is a Fellow; was 
one of the organizers of the Manuscript So- 
ciety of New York, and the first president 
of the Clef Club of New York. He has pub- 
lished many original compositions, chiefly 
sacred music, songs and piano pieces, and 
at the present devotes a considerable por- 
tion of his time to such labors. Not having 
yet attained the zenith of his powers, he 
affords high promise of attaining even' 
greater distinction in the future, and a far- 
ther extended fame. 

Mr. Woodman was married June 14, 1892, 
to Miss Ethel Righter, of Brooklyn, and 
two children have been born of their union. 



ABIJAH WHITNEY. 

Abijah Whitney, whose death occurred on 
September 19, 1903, was one of the widest 
and most favorably known of the old citizens 
of Brooklyn during a residency of sixty years, 
and an active participation in business and 
community affairs during the unusual period 
of more than a half century. 

He was born in Florida, Orange county. 
New York, August 23, 1814, and his life ex- 
tended over eighty-nine years. In his boyhood 
days he labored upon his father's farm, and 
obtained the rudiments of an education in the 
neighborhood schools. His ambition was not 
to be limited by the boundaries of his early 
environment, and he longed for the greater 



168 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



opportunities which the city afforded. Accord- 
ingly, when sixteen years of age, he came to 
New York, where he secured a clerical posi- 
tion in a clothing house. He applied himself 
to his duties with all his abihty, and subse- 
(juently entered upon the same line of business 
on his own account. He was first associated 
with the firm of A. D. Porter & Co., and then 
Whitney & McDonald, and was sO' engaged 
with a high degree of success until just prior 
to the breaking out of the civil war. In 1859 
or i860 he retired from the clothing business 
and engaged in insurance, founding a busi- 
ness which developed into gigantic propor- 
tions. After some years he associated in part- 
nership with himself his son Eugene in the 
firm of A. & W. E. Whitney, occupying 
offices in various of the most favorable busi- 
ness locations in the city — on Wall street, at 
Broadway and Warren streets ; at Broadway 
and Cortland streets ; at Nassau and Liberty 
streets ; at Broadway and Liberty streets ; and 
at Pine and William streets. During these 
years he was recognized as one of the most 
sagacious underwriters in the city, and he 
accumulated a business which was in its day 
unrivalled in volume and importance of inter- 
ests thus taken under his protection. He con- 
tinued in immediate charge of this large busi- 
ness until about ten years- before his decease, 
when, being then approaching his eightieth 
year, he relinquished it to his son, Frank V. 
Whitney. 

The name of Abijah Whitney, familiar as it 
was in the metropolis, was also well known 
throughout the country in connection with the 
Whitney piano. In 1877 he acquired an in- 
terest in a piano manufacturing business which 
he and his son conducted until the former re- 



tired from business affairs, and the latter con- 
tinued in it. The life of Abijah Whitney 
was one of marked activity in which were few 
leisure moments. Aside from his business 
affairs, he became a cooperant factor in relig- 
ious, social and political affairs of the borough 
of Brooklyn. He became a member of Ply- 
mouth Church shortly after Henry Ward 
Beecher became its pastor. He served as an 
usher for many years, regularly attended its 
services until about five years prior to his de- 
cease, when a gradual decline of his vital 
forces obliged him to confine himself to his 
home ; and, at his death was the oldest male 
member of the famous old church. In politics 
he was a Whig, and, when that organization 
lapsed, his opposition to human slavery and 
his deep-seated regard for free institutions led 
him to affiliate with the newly formed Repub- 
lican party as one of its original members, and 
he was during the remainder of his life one 
of the most forceful and aggressive advocates 
of its principles and policies. In 1873 he was 
elected alderman, and he subsequently served 
his district as supervisor for several terms. 
He was a member of the Society of Old Brook- 
lynites, and, so long as he was able, delighted 
in meeting with those who, like himself, had 
witnessed and aided in the development of a 
pastoral village to a city of national and com- 
manding importance. 

November 2, 1838, Mr. Whitney married 
Miss Elizabeth Jane Turner, a daughter of 
William Turner, of New York. Of this mar- 
riage were born four sons — Dr. Edward J. 
Whitney, deceased; Frank V. Whitney; 
Charles Turner Whitney, deceased; and W. 
Eugene Whitney, deceased. Mrs. Whitney 
died in 1902, after a most congenial married 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



169 



life extending over sixty-four years. To the 
man of noblest spirit, judging all things of 
life in their correct relation, the home becomes 
the center of his universe, and so it was with 
Mr. Whitney. Yet, while a devoted husband 
and fond parent, his home did not monopolize 
his attention, but its genial influences rather 
stimulated him to effort outside it, and his in- 
fluence and labors became a potent element 
for good in the material, social, intellectual 
and moral development 'of the city with which 
he was intimately connected through more 
than a half century. Mr. Whitney did not 
long survive the wife to whom he was so ten- 
derly attached, and his death occurred one 
year and six months later, as before noted. 

Frank V. Whitney, only surviving son of 
Abijah and Elizabeth Jane (Turner) Whit- 
ney, was born in New York, September 6, 
1841. He received his education in the public 
schools of Brooklyn. He entered upon his 
business career as a clerk in the office of Mail- 
ler, Lord & Ouereau, engaged in the shipping- 
business between New York and Australia, 
with offices at 108 Wall street. In 1859, at the 
age of eighteen, he entered the National Park 
Bank, in which he was advanced to various 
positions in turn, until 1879. I" that year, 
having attained his majority, he entered upon 
the insurance business in association with his 
father and brother, and eventually succeeded 
to the sole control, in which he remains to the 
present time. He was for several years a 
member of the Thirteenth New York Regi- 
ment, and with that command performed duty 
for three months under the general govern- 
ment at Baltimore, Maryland, and Norfolk, 
Virginia. With the same regiment he also 
served for two months in 1863, when General 



Robert E. Lee led the Confederate army to 
the second invasion of Pennsylvania. 



EDWARD H. HOBBS. 

Edward H. Hobbs, a well known and 
highly esteemed citizen of Brooklyn, was 
born in the town' of Ellenburgh, Clinton 
county, New York, June 5, 1835, son of Ben- 
jamin and Lucy (Beaman) Hobbs, the for- 
mer having been born in Sturbridge, Mas- 
sachusetts, and the latter in Chester, Ver- 
mont. He is a descendant in both his pa- 
ternal and maternal lines of old New Eng- 
land families. His grandmother on his 
father's side came from the same stock as 
Samuel and John Adams, and through his 
mother, whose maiden name was Lucy Bea- 
man, he traces his ancestry to patriotic Rev- 
olutionary forefathers, it being of record 
that nine Beamans fought with the Amer- 
ican forces at the battle of Bunker Hill. 

The paternal grandparents of Mr. Hobbs 
removed from Massachusetts to northern 
New York during the early period of the 
settlement of that portion- of the country, 
and here his father, Benjamin Hobbs, grew 
to manhood and passed the remainder of his 
life. Benjamin Hobbs served on the fron- 
tier as captain of infantry during the War 
of 1812. He removed with his family from 
Clinton county to Malone, Franklin county, 
New York, while his son Edward was in his' 
boyhood. He was a farmer. 

Edward H. Hobbs was prepared for col- 
lege at the Franklin Academy, Malone, New 
York, and entered Middlebury College (Ver- 
mont), where he continued until his enlist- 
ment in the army. This was shortly after 



l70 



HISTORY OF Long island. 



beginning his senior year, but he was duly 
graduated with the class of 1862. He has 
received from his alma mater, successively, 
the degrees of bachelor of arts, master of 
arts, and doctor of laws. 

Joining the army in October, 1861, in a 
regiment of New York State Volunteer In- 
fantry-. Mr. Hobbs served under General 
McClellan in the Army of the Potomac unfil 
the fall of 1862, and subsequently under 
General Hunter in South Carolina and Gen- 
eral Foster in North Carolina, being hon- 
orably discharged in the fall of 1864. Dur- 
ing his service he was promoted to the 
grade of lieutenant, and at the time of his 
discharge he was acting as adjutant of his 
regiment. 

After returning from the war he entered 
the Albany (New York) Law School, where 
he was graduated and admitted to the bar. 
He then came to New York city, and in 
1867 engaged in the practice of his profes- 
sion with F. A. Wilcox. Subsequently he 
became associated with Judge Welcome R. 
Beebe and Mr. Wilcox in the firm of Beebe, 
Wilcox & Hobbs — a partnership which con- 
tinued until the death of Judge Beebe in 
1883. He was then for about two years in 
practice alone, when he formed a copart- 
nership with James M. Gififord under the 
firm name of Hobbs & Gififord. The firm 
in 1901 was changed to Hobbs, Gififord, 
Stearns & Hobbs by the admission of Mr. 
Stearns and Mr. Hobbs's son, Charles B. 
Hobbs. 

A practitioner at the metropolitan bar for 
a period of forty-five years, he has enjoyed 
a high degree of success and reputation, and 
has always been numbered among the rep- 



resentative members of his profession. He 
has always devoted himself to the civil 
branches of the law, and has conducted 
many important litigations in the higher 
courts. 

Mr. Hobbs has been a resident of Brook- 
lyn since 1870, occupying a position of the 
highest personal standing in the community. 
He is known as a public spirited citizen, ex- 
ercising an influence for the best interests 
of the community. His home is at No. 959 
Park Place, one of the most attractive resi- 
dences of that select portion of the city. 

For many years Mr. Hobbs was active 
and prominent in the political circles of 
Brooklyn. His first vote was cast for Gen- 
eral Fremont for the Presidency in 1856, 
and he has ever since been a consistent sup- 
porter of the principles of the Republican 
party. For sixteen consecutive years he 
was a delegate from the Twenty-fourth 
Ward to the Republican general committee, 
and for the same period of time was a mem- 
ber of the executive committee, serving as 
chairman of the latter body for four years. 
In 1884 he held the position of chairman of 
the campaign committee, having been one 
of the delegates to the Republican national 
convention in that year. He was for five 
years a delegate to the Republican State 
Committee, acting as its treasurer one year ; 
and for fifteen consecutive years he was a 
delegate to all the State conventions of his 
party. In 1882 he was nominated for sur- 
rogate of Kings county, and though not 
elected ran 35,000 votes ahead of the State 
ticket. 

He was one of the organizers of the Bed- 
ford Bank of Brooklyn, of which he is a 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



171 



director. He is also a director in Lister's 
Fertilizer Company of Newark, New Jersey, 
and the Mt. Vernon (New York) Suburban 
Land Company. 

He is a member of the University Club, 
Union League Club, New England Society, 
and Institute of Arts and Sciences, all of 
Brooklyn, the Delta Kappa Epsilon of New 
York city, and the New York City, Brook- 
lyn and New York State Bar Associations. 

Mr. Hobbs married Miss Julia Ellen Bux- 
ton, daughter of Benjamin and Eunice Bux- 
ton, of Buffalo, New York. They have one 
son, Charles B. Hobbs, a graduate of Yale, 
who, as already noticed, is associated with 
his father in the practice of the law. 



F.. H. SCOVILLE. 

- Frederick H. Scoville, known in the jew- 
elry trade of New York, and residing at No. 
96 Lafayette avenue, in Brooklyn, is a 
native of Glens Falls, New York. 

His father, John F. Scoville, was born 
at Sandy Hill, New York, on the 9th of 
May, 1812, and after completing his pre- 
liminary education entered Yale College. 
Having completed a course in theology, he 
became a minister of the Presbyterian de- 
nomination. He is entitled to particular 
distinction from the fact that he was the 
first president of Oberlin College, at Ober- 
lin, Ohio, having accompanied the founder 
of that institution thither and accepting the 
position in 1833, when a young man of but 
twenty-one years. Ohio at that time, how- 
ever, was a largely undeveloped and unim- 
proved Slate and unhealthful conditions 
existed such as are usually found on a 



frontier region. Professor Scoville's health 
became undermined, and he was obliged to 
relinquish his college work, deafness which 
increased with the years being superinduced 
by a cold which he contracted during his 
residence in Ohio. In later life, however, 
he was able to understand a speaker by the 
movement of the lips. When he left Oberlin 
College he started on horseback for his old 
home in New York, and on the way he 
traded horses several times. It was his 
boast that when he completed the journey 
he had a better animal than that with which 
he started. Mr. Scoville was subsequently 
engaged in the publishing business, and in 
1849 established his home in Brooklyn, 
where for many years he was identified with 
a publishing house that conducted an exten- 
sive and profitable business. For thirty- 
five years prior to his death, however, he 
lived retired in the enjoyment of the fruits 
of his former toil. He had become well 
known in business circles and his activity 
also extended to many interests and move- 
ments, resulting in benefit to the city. He 
was one of the original members of Plym- 
outh Church, and continued a zealous work- 
er in its behalf until the time when Henry 
Ward Becher, its pastor, went to England 
in behalf of the Union during the period of 
the Civil War. Mr. Scoville then trans- 
ferred his membership to the Lafayette 
Presbyterian Church as more convenient 
to his place of residence, which for twenty- 
seven years was on Lafayette avenue. He 
had formerly resided in the ninth ward, 
establishing his home on Pacific street, near 
Fifth avenue, when there were but two or 
three houses on Flatbush avenue. He 



172 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



watched with interest the growth and de- 
velopment of the city, taking a great pride 
in its material advancement and endorsing 
every movement which tended to promote 
its educational and moral progress. 

John F. Scoville was united in marriage 
to Miss Elizabeth Hasebrook. Mr. Scoville 
passed away in 1900, having for five years 
survived his wife, who died in 1885, and the 
funeral services were conducted by Dr. 
Theodore Cuyler, long pastor of the Lafay- 
ette Avenue Presbyterian Church. 

In 1849 F- H. Scoville, the only son of 
John F. Scoville, accompanied his parents 
on their removal to Brooklj'n, and in the 
public schools of this city acquired a good 
English education. In early life he entered 
the employ of Samuel Hammond & Com- 
pany, jewelers at No. 62 Wall street, New 
York, and for a quarter of a century has 
served that house in the capacity of book- 
keeper and salesman, his long continuance 
in the service of that house standing in 
incontrovertible evidence of his efficiency. 
He has become well known to the trade in 
Manhattan, and is regarded as an indis- 
pensable factor in the management of the 
business, with which he is connected. 

On the I2th of November, 1863, Mr. Sco- 
ville was united in marriage to Miss Sara 
Elizabeth Tremper of Albany, and to them 
have been born four children : John and 
Clara, twins ; Elizabeth, and Centine Sco- 
ville. In 1871 Mr. Scoville became a mem- 
ber of the Lafayette Avenue Presbyterian 
Church, to which his wife also belongs, 
and in its work they have taken a most 
active and helpful part. He has served as 
a leader of singing in the infant department 



of the Sunday school, while Mrs. Scoville is 
an active and zealous member of the Ladies' 
Benevolent Society and the Ladies' Mis- 
sionary Society of that church. 



YATES VAN DERWERKEN. 

Yates Van Derwerken, well known in fra- 
ternal circles in Brooklyn, and a resident of 
this borough from the 'beginning of his busi- 
ness career until it was terminated by death, 
was born in Cohoes, New York, March 2, 1855. 
He pursued his education in the public schools 
of his native town and in the Long Island 
Business College of Brooklyn. In his youth 
he learned the pattern maker's trade, and at 
the age of eighteen became a permanent resi- 
dent of his borough, settling in the eastern 
district. Not long afterward he entered the 
employ of David Longworth, who was en- 
gaged in the undertaking business, and the 
business relation between them was maintained 
until the death of Mr. Longworth in 1893. 
After serving for some time as an employe, 
Mr. Van Derwerken was admitted to a part- 
nership, and was a member of the firm of 
Longworth & Van Derwerken for ten years. 
Following the death of his partner, who was 
also his father-in-law, he continued the busi- 
ness alone until his own demise, March 8, 
1903. 

In his early manhood Mr. Van Derwerken 
was well known in social circles in the eastern 
district, and was a popular member of various 
organizations of a social nature, but in later 
years withdrew from these, but never ceased 
his connection with a number of the fraternal 
societies that command honor and respect 
throughout the country. In Masonry he be- 




^^^^-^^^^^'^y^Ayth.^^c/^^ 



History of long island. 



175 



longed to Corner Stone Lodge, F. and A. M. ; 
Progressive Chapter, R. A. M. ; and De Witt 
Clinton Commandery, No. 27, K. T. He was 
also a member of Kismet Temple, A. A. O. 
N. M. S., and he belonged to Senate Lodge, 
K. H., the Order of Heptasophs, De Long 
Council, R. A., and the Mutual Templar and 
Rose Croix Knights Association. He was a 
member of the St. Nicholas, Eckford and Tri- 
angle Club, and he possessed many of the 
sterling traits of character which prompt 
strong friendships and win high regard. His 
religious faith ' was indicated by his member- 
ship in St. Mark's 'Protestant Episcopal 
church. 

Mr. Van Derwerken was married, on the 
26th of October, 1876, to Miss Frederica 
Longworth, a daughter of David and Eliza- 
beth Longworth. They became the parents 
of two children. The daughter, Margaret 
May, was married on the 26th of February, 
1903, to Otto F. Kuhn, at the bedside of her 
father, whose wish it was that he might see 
his, daughter married before he died. 

The son, F. Stanley, is his father's successor 
in business. He learned the business under his 
father's direction and for some time has had 
practical charge, showing marked capability 
as a competent and enterprising" young man. 
His mother, who had been familiar with the 
business from her girlhood, because of her 
father's connection therewith, has been of 
much assistance to her son. Stanley Van 
Derwerken was married in 1903 to Miss Au- 
gusta Schweitzer. They have one child, 
Evelyn Doris. He is a member of Hyatt 
Lodge, F. and A. M. ; DeLong Council, Royal 
Arcanum; the Improved Order of Hepta- 
sophs; the Undertakers' Association, and the 
Congress Club. 



GEORGE WILSON. 

Major George Wilson, secretary of the 
Chamber of Commerce, New York, is a 
native of the city, born January 7, 1839, 
son of Jotham and Sarah (Drake) Wilson. 
His father was born in New London, Con- 
necticut, and passed. his active career in the 
city of New York. He was there a public 
school principal for forty years, and was so 
popular as an educator that a school edifice 
was erected for his use. He was an active 
churchman of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. He was of excellent New England 
ancestry; his father was a soldier during 
the war with Great Britain in 1812, and his 
grandfather was killed at the historic battle 
of Monmouth, New Jersey, during the Rev- 
olution. His wife was a member of a 
famous old English family which had for 
one of its members Sir Francis Drake, the 
distinguished English admiral in the days 
of Queen Elizabeth. 

George Wilson was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of his native city. His entire 
active civil career has been in association 
with the New York Chamber of Commerce, 
the largest and most influential body of its 
class in the world. His connection with it 
began when he was inineteen years of age. 
He served in his earlier years as assistant 
secretary, and he was elected to the secre- 
taryship in 1867, and has been re-elected 
each succeeding year to the present time. 
During all this phenomenally long period 
he has witnessed many of the most momen- 
tous financial and commercial events known 
in the history of the age, and has borne a 
part in promoting some of the most stu- 



176 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



pendous enterprises of his day, related not 
only to the development of local industries, 
but to the manufactures, commerce and 
finance of the world. At the age of sixty- 
four years Mr. Wilson preserves his phys- 
ical and mental powers unimpaired, and his 
interest in his own labor in the world's 
progress is as keen as though he were but 
at the beginning of a career instead of well 
advanced and secure in the esteem of his 
associates in the marts of trade. 

His connection with the Chamber of Com- 
merce suffered a temporary lapse during the 
Civil War. At the outbreak of the Rebel- 
lion in 1861, he tendered his services to the 
government and received over the signa- 
ture of President Lincoln a commission as 
paymaster in the army, with the rank of 
major, and he served in that capacity with 
ability and strict integrity until impaired 
health demanded that he should resign. It 
was during the period of his military service 
(in 1862) that he took up his residence in 
Brooklyn, which has since been his place 
of abode. He has been a member of Lafay- 
ette Avenue Presbyterian Church since his 
removal to that city. In politics he is a 
Republican. He is a companion of the 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion, a life 
member of the New York Historical Society 
and of the Long Island Historical Society, 
and a member of the Metropolitan Museum 
of Art. 



MICHAEL MULVIHILL. 

In many sections of the city of Brooklyn 
stand monuments to the enterprise and skill 
of Michael Mulvihill, deceased, who ever 



since 1888 was prominently identified with 
building interests there. He was born in 
Ireland, in 1847, and came to New York 
with' his parents when an infant. He ac- 
quired a common school education, after 
which he learned the trade of plumber, and 
when he had attained his majority entered 
the employ of the Pennsylvania Railroad, 
with which corporation he remained for 
twenty-five years. By his industry, per- 
severance and close application to duty he 
son won the confidence of his employers 
and from time to time was promoted until 
he held, at the time of his retirement, the 
responsible position of superintendent of the 
plumbing department of the road from 
Philadelphia to Pittsburg. In 1888 Mr. Mul- 
vihill came to Brooklyn and embarked in 
the buildipg business. He purchased a large 
tract of land and erected a number of build- 
ings which he disposed of in a lucrative 
manner. He was one of the pioneer builders 
of the Twenty-eighth Ward, and the mate- 
rial development of that section of Brooklyn 
is due in a great measure to the business 
experience and clear judgment exercised 
by Mr. Mulvihill. He built many residences 
along Bushwick avenue and the adjacent 
streets, operated extensively throughout the 
Ridgewcod section, and the last few years 
devoted much of his time and attention to 
the development and growth of Flatbush 
and certain localities of Greenpoint. The 
chief characteristics in Mr. Mulvihill's busi- 
ness career have been his honesty of pur- 
pose and his artistic workmanship, and these 
qualities were the means of securing for him 
a liberal and increasing patronage. He 
made good use of his opportunities and pros- 



History of long island. 



177 



pered from year to year ; he conducted all 
business matters carefully and systematic- 
ally, and in all his acts displayed an aptitude 
for successful management. Mr. Mulvihill 
never sought or desired public preferment, 
yet he was deeply interested in whatever 
tended to promote the welfare of his city, 
and gave freely of his time and means to 
all worthy charities. He was a prominent 
member of the Knights of Columbus, the 
Catholic Benevolent League, and the Em- 
pire Democratic Club. He was very well 
known in religious circles, being a devout 
member of the church of Our Lady of Good 
Council. 

In 1867 Mr. Mulvihill was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Anne McLaughlin, daughter 
of Philip McLaughlin, and their children 
are : Nicholas, Alice, Frank, Annie, Jona- 
than, Philip, Gertrude, and Helen Mulvihill. 
Mr. Mulvihill died May 2d, 1902. 



ELLSWORTH C. PHELPS. 

Mr. Phelps is one of the oldest and most 
noteworthy musicians and composers of 
Brooklyn. Although of New England birth 
and rearing he has been a resident of Brook- 
lyn for the past forty-six years, and through- 
out this period has devoted his talents and 
energies exclusively to professional work 
in that city, in which his career has been 
marked by great conscientiousness, artistic 
enthusiasm, the best ideals, and substantial 
achievements. In composition Mr. Phelps, 
with the true poetic temperament, has had 
in view at all times the highest standards, 
and, besides a great variety of minor pieces, 
has produced a number of works in the most 



dignified departments of the musical art, 
which have enjoyed pronounced critical 
favor and have been performed under the 
auspices of the principal musical organiza- 
tions throughout the country and under the 
direction of the most celebrated orchestral 
conductors. As an' instructor, aside from 
much private work, he is known to Brook- 




£1^1 



-^ J^fQ^, 



lyn people for his faithful and valuable serv- 
ices of thirty-five years in the public schools. 
For a large portion of his career — some 
twenty-five )'ears — he filled positions as or- 
ganist and choirmaster in several of the 
leading Brooklyn churches, also enjoying 
a high reputation in this department of his 
professional activities. 

He was born in Rockfall. near Middle- 



178 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



town, Connecticut, August ii, 1827, son of 
Lyman and Eunice (Bartholomew) Phelps, 
both of whom were descended from old New 
England families. His father was a me- 
chanic, of ordinary circumstances in life, 
who, however, was a man of natural abil- 
ities and refined tastes, with an -especial 
bent for music. He was a good tenor 
singer, for many years leader of the choir of 
the principal Methodist church in Middle- 
town, and the village bandmaster. His fam- 
ily consisted of five children, three of whom 
afterward adopted music as a profession. 

At that period, amid the rural surround- 
ings in which Ellsworth's early boyhood 
was passed, music as an art was practically 
unknown, and such a thing as formal study 
for a musical career was almost unheard of. 
He relates that he never heard or saw a 
piano until his twelfth year, and in those 
days even church organs were seldom to be 
found in that portion of the country. But 
with an innate love for music, stimulated by 
the home atmosphere, his boyish thoughts 
and ambitions naturally took a musical ten- 
dency. "From my childhood," said he to 
the writer, "I was accustomed to extempo- 
rize melodies by vOice or whistling, the only 
instruments available. In probably my sixth 
or seventh year a much beloved school 
teacher died. My grief was such that I 
could not be persuaded to attend the funeral, 
but I composed a dirge to one of our funeral 
hymns, singing it with streaming eyes as 
the cortege passed our dwelling. As I have 
no record of it, I cannot say whether it pos- 
sessed merit. Ever since extemporaneous 
music has been the vehicle of my deepest 
emotions. Brought up amid rural scenes, 



and having an organization of much sensi- 
bility, my mind readily received the impres- 
sions of the beautiful and sublime in nature, 
which went far toward supplying what it 
lacked in discipHne. Indeed, I felt at all 
times that all nature was a continual song." 
When he was ten years old the family 
removed to Springfield, Massachusetts. At 
the age of twelve he began to sing as a 
choir boy in one of the churches of New 
London, Connecticut, and, having a fine so- 
prano voice, attracted local attention as a 
lad of fine musical gifts and' unusual prom- 
ise. He was advised by friends to make 
music his profession, but, though that was 
his fondest ambition, all the circumstances 
in which he was placed were unfavorable 
to such a selection. His father, while appre- 
ciating his talents and sympathizing with 
his aspirations, took the hard-headed view 
that as music was yet without standing in 
any business sense it would be jeopordizing 
the boy's future to give him to a career of 
so much uncertainty. He accordingly ap- 
prenticed him to learn the watchmaking 
trade. But for this employment young 
Phelps showed little aptitude, quite lacking 
a mechanical bent. Connected with the es- 
tablishment where he was engaged was a 
music department, sheet music and all kinds 
of instruments being kept in stock. Inci- 
dentally he thus found opportunity to culti- 
vate somewhat his musical taste. After a 
heavy burglary upon one occasion, he was 
ordered to sleep in the store, which enabled 
him to gratify his desire to play upon the 
various instruments. Meanwhile he heard 
from time to time some of the noted artists 
of the country, as Springfield, with the in- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



179 



trodilction of railway communication, had 
become a sort of musical center. 

Even at this early period his ambitions 
were toward a career as a composer rather 
than as a professional artist. Though fa- 
miliarizing himself with such instruments 
as he had access to, he cherished no expecta- 
tion of acquiring distinction as a virtuoso; 
and, though he had made himself a fairly 
good vocal reader, nature had unkindly dis- 
appointed him in his change of voice, which 
debarred the hope of success as a singer. 
On the other hand he prosecuted diligently 
his studies of the theory of music, without, 
however, the advantage of any competent 
teacher. 

After three or four years thus spent, an 
opportunity for definite musical training of 
some sort was presented through the kind- 
ness of a relative in Norwich, Connecticut, 
who offered ' him temporary business em- 
ployment, at tlie same time agreeing to 
place a piano at his disposal, with a teacher, 
giving two or three hours in the evenings 
for practice. Accepting this proposal much 
against the wishes of his employers and his 
father, he abandoned his trade and went to 
Norwich. Here he applied himself seri- 
ously tO' preparation for his chosen calling, 
with the result that after a season of strug- 
gle with poverty and kindred difficulties he 
procured a professional engagement as or- 
ganist and choirmaster of the Episcopal 
Church of New London, Connecticut, also 
becoming fairly started in work as a teacher 
of music. 

From Connecticut Mr. Phelps came to 
Brooklyn in the panic year of 1857, being 
then thirty years of age, and in the spring 



of 1858 he was appointed organist of the 
First Presbyterian Church of that city. This 
was the beginning of an assured position 
in his profession toward which all his pre- 
vious efforts had been but preparatory steps. 
During the same year (1858) the Brooklyn 
Philharmonic Society was organized, open- 
ing with a series of concerts under the direc- 
tion of Theodore Eisfeld with a competent 
orchestra, at the Athenaeum. Here for the 
first time, in his life he had the privilege of 
hearing a classical programme, including the 
immortal Eroica Symphony of Beethoven. 
The impressions produced by this episode 
gave a new direction to his musical ambi- 
tions. He thereupon resolved to compose at 
least one orchestral work which should have 
a public hearing. Mr. Phelps had already 
written a variety of minor compositions for 
the piano and voice, which had been issued 
by some of the leading publishers of New 
York and Boston, and had obtained consid- 
erable favor. He now devoted himself ear- 
nestly to the composition of a concert over- 
ture, and upon its completion sent the score 
to the president of the Philharmonic So- 
ciety, Mr. L. B. Wyman. In due time he 
was referred to the new conductor of the 
society, Mr. Carl Bergman, with the prom- 
ise that if he approved of the work it would 
be placed upon the next programme. Mr. 
Bergman, impressed with the merits of the 
composition, promptly accepted it, and it 
was performed at three public rehearsals 
and at the final concert at the Academy of 
Music. Mr. Phelps was probably the first 
American composer — certainly the first one 
in Brooklyn — to be accorded such an honor. 
His overture was well received by the audi- 



180 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



ence and the press generally. Subsequently 
Mr. Bergman produced "A Winter Melody." 
and other works from his pen, with fairly 
successful results, in Brooklyn as well as 
other places. 

In 1878 the "Hiawatha Symphony" of Mr. 
Phelps, in five movements, was produced 
under his own direction by Thomas's famous 
orchestra. This was an unequivocal suc- 
cess, and was repeated the following year 
by the Philharmonic Society under the di- 
rection of Theodore Thomas with still more 
flattering results, and at a later period in 
part at Chicago, also by Mr. Thomas, with 
marked popular approval. Another elabo- 
rate composition, the "Emancipation Sym- 
phony" in six movements, with orchestra 
and chorus, proved a striking artistic suc- 
cess upon its production, though, notwith- 
standing an immense audience, its financial 
results were unsatisfactory, a circumstance 
which discouraged Mr. Phelps from assum- 
ing other personal ventures. But several of 
his compositions continued to be played at 
intervals in New York, Philadelphia and 
other cities. His sacred operetta "David" 
was brought out with considerable success 
about 1883, and various orchestral excerpts 
were given from time to time under the 
batons of Van der Stiicken, Neuendorf, 
Seidl, Sousa and others. His latest produc- 
tion, publicly performed, which is consid- 
ered one of his best, is an overture dedi- 
cated to the memory of Robert Graham, one 
of the founders of the Brooklyn Institute. 
This was given in 1897 by the Boston Sym- 
phony Orchestra (Mr. Emil Paur being 
conductor), under the auspices of the Brook- 
lyn Institute. 



In one particular Mr. Phelps occupies an 
entirely imique position among American 
composers. While his labors have extended 
to the very highest and most difficult 
branches of the art, including composition, 
for which profound scientific knowledge in 
the departments of orchestration antl instru- 
mentation is presupposed — knowledge usu- 
ally acquired by prolonged study under Eu- 
ropean masters, — he has been wholly self- 
taught, never having enjoyed any of the 
advantages of special and technical training 
that are universally considered indispens- 
able for the finished composer. His works, 
the product of an ardent nature exclusively 
devoted to music as an art, have moreover 
stood the critical tests by which standards 
are established with the acceptation of all. 
His claim as a representative American 
composer is therefore in a peculiar sense an 
exceptional one. 

The compositions of Mr. Phelps are some 
five hundred in number, including about 
thirty orchestral works. He has at vari- 
ous times edited or assisted in the compila- 
tion of comprehensive books of school 
music. Among these may be mentioned 
"The Song Sheaf" and "The Song Crown." 

During his musical career in Brooklyn 
he has served successively as organist of 
the First Presbyterian Church, Dr. Spear's 
Presbyterian Church at the corner of CHn- 
ton and Amity streets. Saint Ann's Episco- 
pal Church, the Lafayette Avenue Presby- 
terian Church, the Elm Place Congrega- 
tional Church, the Strong Place Baptist 
Churcli, the New York Avenue Methodist 
Church, and the Baptist Chapel in Clinton 
avenue. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



181 



In 1862 he was appointed an instructor 
of music in the public schools bf Brooklyn, 
a position in which he continued (except 
for an interval of three years) until 1900, 
when he was retired on a pension. 

He married, in 1851, Annie A., daughter 
of Elder Jabez Swan, of New London, Con- 
necticut, and has two children, Ellsworth 
S. and Laura B., both of whom are engaged 
in musical work, the former in Manhattan 
and the latter in Brooklyn. Mrs. Phelps 
died in 1900. 



HERBERT K. TWITCHELL. ' 

Herbert K. Twitchell, assistant cashier of 
the Chase National Bank of New York city, 
is a man strong of purpose, persevering in 
effort, honorable in all business transactions^ 
who has won and maintained a position of 
prestige among the representative citizens 
of Brooklyn, and at the same time com- 
mands the unqualified regard and confidence 
of those with whom he has been associated. 
He traces his ancestry back to the year 
1630, when members of the family came 
from England and settled first in Massa- 
chusetts and then in Vermont, several of 
them having actively participated in the 
Revolutionary War. His father, Ira J. 
Twitchell, was born in New Haven, Ver- 
mont, where his entire life has been spent 
in agricultural pursuits. He married Sarah 
.E. Samson, who departed this life June 7, 
1883. 

Herbert K. Twitchell was born at Wey- 
bridge, Vermont, November 26th, 1865, and 
his education was acquired in the academy 
at New Haven, Addison county, Vermont. 



After completing -his studies he entered the 
insurance business in Hartford, Connecti- 
cut ; and after remaining so engaged for a 
short period of time, devoted his attention 
to the banking business in the same city. 
In November, 1889, Mr. Twitchell came to 
New York city and entered the employ of 
the Chase National Bank. In January, 1901, 
he was promoted to the office of assistant 
cashier. His enterprise and industry have 
been manifest throughout his business ca- 
reer and have been the rounds of the ladder 
of success whereon he has climbed to his 
present responsible position. He is a mem- 
ber of the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion, the Brooklyn League, the Young Men's 
Republican Club, and is a trustee of the 
Brooklyn Free Kindergarten Society. He 
has been actively connected with the La- 
fayette Avenue Presbyterian Church of 
Brooklyn since 1894, serving for five years 
as elder of the church, and for seven years 
as superintendent of the branch chapel. 

On September 6, 1883, Mr. Twitchell mar- 
ried Mary A. Edwards, daughter of Hamil- 
ton Edwards, of Lisle, New' York. Their 
children are : Pierrepont E., Hanford M., and 
Herbert K. Twitchell, Jr. Mrs. Twitchell 
is a great-great-granddaughter of Jonathan 
Edwards, the celebrated American divine 
and metaphysician, who was chosen presi- 
dent of Princeton College in 1757 ; also of 
General John Mead, who rendered distin- 
guished service in the Revolutionary War. 
Mrs. Twitchell graduated from Wellesley 
College in 1889. She is a member of the 
New York Wellesley Club, the Brooklyn 
Free Kindergarten Society, and. vice-presi- 
dent of the Woman's Missionary Society of 



182 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



the Lafayette Avenue Presbyterian Church. 
The family reside at 153 South Oxford 
street, Brooklyn, New York. 



JAMES N. BROWN. 

James N. Brown, prominent in business 
circles of New York city, belongs to a fam- 
ily which for many generations were leading 
agriculturists in Montgomeryshire, Wales. 

James B. Brown, father of James N. 
Brown, was engaged for thirteen years in 
the work of public education in his native 
country, and in 1850 came to the United 
States and devoted himself to mercantile 
pursuits in New York city. He made his 
home in Brooklyn, in the social circles of 
which he was prominent, especially among 
the families of English origin, notably the 
Summerfields, Ibbotsons and Bainbridges, 
well known residents of Washington ave- 
nue. He married Emma Redding Smith, a 
native of Gloucester, England, where her 
family had resided for three or four genera- 
tions, having come originally from Scotland. 
Mr. Brown, for years before his death, 
which occurred in 1900, was very active in 
the Summerfield, Janes and Bushwick Ave- 
nue Methodist Episcopal churches. His 
wife also died in 1900. 

James N. Brown, son of James B. and 
Emma (Redding) Brown, was born May 21, 
1850, in Carmarthen, Wales, and the same 
year was brought by his parents to the 
United States. He received a thorough edu- 
cation in the public schools and under the 
care of a private tutor, and was carefully 
trained in mathematical branches at an insti- 
tute in New York. At the age of eighteen 



he entered the old banking house of Gilman, 
Son & Gilman, well known at the time in 
New York city. When he left, eighteen 
years later, he held the position of confiden- 
tial clerk. In 1884 he went to Council 
Blufifs, Iowa, where he remained four years, 
holding the position of cashier of the Council 
Blufifs National Bank. He was also a mem- 
ber of the board of trade, and a member of 
the largest loaning firm in the west. During 
his residence in Council Blufifs he estab- 
lished several banks in that section. In 1888 
Mr. Brown returned to Brooklyn to live, 
and founded the banking house of James 
N. Brown & Co., which to-day consists of 
James N. Brown, Edward H. Jewell and 
Leigh M. Pearsall. The firm are members 
of the New York Stock Exchange and the 
New York Cotton Exchange, and are all of 
high standing in the financial world. 

Mr. Brown is a director of the Sprague 
National Bank of Brooklyn, trustee of the 
East Brooklyn Savings Bank, president of 
the Bank of North Hempstead, president of 
the First National Bank of Huntington, 
vice-president of the Bank of Centre Mori- 
ches, director of the Bank of Northport, 
and holds the same ofifice in the Bank of 
Oyster Bay. In addition to these positions 
which he holds in Long Island banks, he 
is president of the Yates & Porterfield Trad- 
ing Company, of New York, and a direc- 
tor of a number of other institutions. While 
in the west he hiade extensive investments 
in lands and banks in that region. These 
interests, which he still maintains, have re- 
sulted in great financial profit. He is ex- 
tremely interested in the subject of finance, 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



185 



and is known both as an author and a 
speaker on the topic. 

Mr. Brown has always been active in reH- 
gious and philanthropic enterprises, being 
connected with the Nostrand Avenue Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, in which he holds 
the office of president of the board of trus- 
tees. He is also superintendent of the Sun- 
day school. He is chairman of the finance 
committee of the Methodist Episcopal Hos- 
pital of Brooklyn, and a member of the 
New York Colonization Society, organized 
for the purpose of sending colored people to 
the west coast of Africa. He is also vice- 
president of the Brooklyn Church Society, 
in which he serves likewise as chairman of 
the finance committee, and holds the office 
of president of the Brooklyn Methodist 
Episcopal Social Union. Over and above 
these many interests and enterprises, Mr. 
Brown is treasurer of the United Under- 
writers' Company, a trustee of the Wesleyan 
University, and also of the Boston Univer- 
sity. He is generally regarded as one of the 
ablest financiers in the country. 

Mr. Brown married, December 3, 1872, 
Catherine A. Weeks, daughter of Gilbert B. 
Weeks, of Dutchess county. New York. 
Three children have been born to them : 
Alice M. B., who is the wife of Professor 
Williamson U. Vreeland, of Princeton Uni- 
versity ; Katharine L., and Edith B. Mrs. 
Brown is very active in church circl'es, being 
the able and sympathetic coadjutor of her 
husband in his benevolent labors. The sum- 
mer home of Mr. Brown, at Lyme, Connecti- 
cut, is said to be one of the finest in the 
country. 

Frank L. Brov/n, brother of James N. 

10 



Brown, is a prominent figure in the field of 
church labor and achievement in Brooklyn. 
He is superintendent of the Sunday school 
of the Bushwick Avenue Methodist Episco- 
pal Church, which numbers 2,400 scholars. 
This is, perhaps, the largest Sunday school 
in Greater New York. In view of the fact 
that Mr. Brown is only forty years of age, 
and yet has accomplished so great results, 
it is very evident that the reputation of the 
family as philanthropic workers will suffer 
no diminution at his hands. 



HENRY HESTERBERG. 

Henry Hesterberg, popular as a citizen, in- 
fluential in political circles, and active and 
successful in the control of important busi- 
ness enterprises, now serving as sherifiE of 
Kings county, as a public official and private 
citizen is equally active and diligent in support 
of every measure or movement which he be- 
lieves will contribute to general progress and 
the material upbuilding of the borough of 
Brooklyn. 

Born at Verden, in the province of Hanover, 
Germany, on the. nth ol October, 1857, he 
came alone to the United States when four- 
teen years of age, and has since resided in 
what is now the Flatbush district of Brooklyn. 
He had attended public and private schools 
of the fatherland, and his first business con- 
, nection in America was that of a clerk in a 
grocery store in Flatbush. After five years' 
service he engaged in the hotel business, in 
which he has since continued. His activity in 
the world of trade has ever been in harmony 
with the most modern business ideas, and keen 
discrimination and unfaltering enterprise have 



186 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



opened up to him the way of success, leading 
him out of humble surroundings to the plane 
of prosperity. He is now the vice-president of 
the Central Brewery of New York, one of the 
largest enterprises of that character in the 
city. Moreover, he has for many years been 
extensively engaged in contracting on public 
works for the city of Brooklyn, and the build- 
ing of sewers and streets and his labors in 
this direction have been an essential factor in 
the improvement of the borough. He has 
made judicious investment in real estate, and 
his property holdings in Brooklyn are now ex- 
tensive. 

Mr. Hesterberg is a man of widely recog- 
nized influence in Democratic circles, his coun- 
sel and opinions being recognized as a guiding 
force in the local policy of his party. In 1879 
he was elected highway commissioner of the 
town of Flatbush, and by re-election served for 
four terms of three years each. In 1891 he 
was chosen town clerk, and his three terms of 
service in the office of supervisor ended in 
1893, when the board was legislated out of 
office. In 1903 he was elected sheriff, and has 
been instrumental in securing the introduction 
of a bill into the legislature providing for six 
additional keepers, five assistant van drivers 
and six additional cleaners for the Raymond 
street jail, an increase of help which has been 
sorely needed for the proper conducting of the 
institution. In all of his official service he has 
displayed excellent executive ability, and this 
quality combined with his public-spirited devo- 
tion to the welfare of the borough and the 
county make him one of the most acceptable 
and capable officers that has ever served as 
sheriff of Kings county. In 1898 the Henry 
Hesterberg Eighteenth District Democratic 



Association was organized with a membership 
of eight hundred, which number has since 
been increased to twenty-six hundred. This is 
one of the strongest political and social or- 
ganizations of Greater New York. Mr. Hes- 
terberg has been a member of the Democratic 
Club of New York city for several years; be- 
longs to the Cortelyou Club ; the Arion Sing- 
ing Society; the Benevolent Protective Otder 
of Elks ; Alamania Lodge, No. 740, F. and A. 
M. ; the Royal Arcanum ; the K. U. V. Society, 
a German organization ; and the Liquor Deal- 
ers' Association He is also a member of the 
Tax Payers', Association of the Twenty-ninth 
Ward, and the Sangerbund Singing Society. 
Mr. Hesterberg was married to Marcella 
Minton, and they have five sons and one 
daughter, the eldest son, Henr}', being clerk 
in the sheriff's office. The sociability, genial- 
ity, unfailing courtesy and deference for the 
opinions of others always ' displayed by Mr. 
Hesterberg have rendered him an extremely 
popular man among his social acquaintances, 
his business associates and his political col- 
leagues, and the course which he has followed 
throughout an active and useful career com- 
mends him to the respect of all who know him. 



DAVID GREGG, LL.D., D.D. 

The Rev. Dr. David Gregg, pastor of the 
Lafayette Avenue Presbyterian Church of 
Brooklyn, New York, was born in Pittsburg, 
Pennsylvania, March 25, 1846, the son of 
David and Mary M. Gregg. 

David Gregg was born in the north of Ire- 
land under the reign of George III, was 
educated in that country, and later was the 
proprietor of a large estate named the 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



187 



" Cremore." He subsequently disposed of 
of this property and came to the United 
States, taking- up his residence in Pittsburg, 
Pennsylvania, where he engaged in the 
wholesale dry goods trade, and in due course 
of time became one of the most successful 
merchants and manufacturers of the city. 
In his religious beliefs he was a Scotch 
Covenanter, and served in the capacity of 
elder of that church up to the time of his 
decease, which occurred in 1892, at the age 
of eighty years. He was united in marriage 
to Mary M. Rafferty, also born in the north 
of Ireland under the reign of George III, 
and a daughter of James Rafiferty. Six 
children were born of this union, one of 
their daughters haying married a clergyman 
and missionary. Mrs. Gregg is living at 
the present time (1903), and although 
eighty-seven years of age still retains all 
her faculties, and her hair has not changed 
from its natural color. 

Dr. Gregg at the age of thirteen years 
entered Alleghany City College, and two 
years later joined the freshman class at 
Washington and Jefferson College, Wash- 
ington, Pennsylvania, from which institution 
he was graduated in 1865. He then com- 
pleted a course at the Iron City Commercial 
College, after which he studied in the Alle- 
ghany Theological Seminary for four years. 
He was also a student in the old Scotch 
Covenanter Seminary near Belfast, Ireland. 
At the age of twenty-three he assumed the 
pastoral charge of the Sc9ttish Church on 
West Twenty-third street, New York, 
where he remained until the spring of 1887, 
having faithfully fulfilled the duties of pas- 
tor for seventeen years. He then accepted 



a call to the Park Street Congregational 
Church of Boston, Massachusetts, and in 
this new sphere of work added greatly to 
his already well established reputation by 
aiding in a considerable degree the cause of 
commercial education in the city of Boston ; 
he was also the first pastor of the church 
to make the pew rentals more than cover 
the running expenses of the church. Dr. 
Gregg retained this pastorate until the year 
1890, when he received a call to the Lafay- 
ette Avenue Presbyterian Church of Brook- 
lyn, upon the retirement of its revered 
pastor, the Rev. Theodore L. Cuyler. Dr. 
Gregg entered upon his work with an en- 
thusiasm born of strong determination, firm 
convictions and noble purpose and the 
church grew with marvelous rapidity, hav- 
ing taken into membership of the church- 
twenty-two hundred people. The Lafayette 
Avenue Presbyterian Church is one of the 
largest, most useful and powerful churches 
of the denomination, has a membership of 
twenty-four hundred, maintains two mission 
chapels, and during Dr. Gregg's pastorate 
has contributed between seven and eight 
hundred thousand dollars for foreign, home 
and city missions, and have just organized 
a new church. Dr. Gregg received his de- 
gree of Doctor of Divinity from the Univer^ 
sity of the City of New York in 1888, 
and that of Doctor of Laws from Wash- 
ington and Jefferson College in 1903. He 
is a constant contributor to current litera- 
ture, and the author of thirteen books, the 
more prominent ones being " From Solomon 
to the Captivity," " Studies in John," and 
" Facts Calling for Faith." Dr. Gregg was 
disinherited by his father for leaving the 



188 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



faith of his childhood, that of the old Scotch 
Covenanter Church. Not long since Dr. 
Gregg had the honor of delivering the cen- 
tennial address at the Washington and Jef- 
ferson College at Washington, Pennsylva- 
nia, where as a boy he won honors as a 
valedictorian. His early associations con- 
firmed him in his allegiance to Republican- 
ism, and his first public address was a 
defence of Lincoln's Emancipation Declara- 
tion. He enlisted as an emergency man 
when Lee's daring invasion threatened 
Pennsylvania, and was one of the company 
that guarded Camp Howe when the garri- 
son of that place had marched upon Gettys- 
burg. 

On March 2, 187 1, Dr. Gregg married 
Kate E. Etheridge, a daughter of Robert 
and Catherine Etheridge, of New York, and 
granddaughter of Colonel Jacob Weber, one 
of the veterans of the war of 1812. Five 
children have been born to them, four of 
whom are living at the present time. 



JAMES F. COSGROVE. 

James F. Cosgrove, a prosperous business 
man of New York city, whose extensive 
cooperage trade is conducted at 280 Front 
streetj was born in Williamsburg, Long 
Island, December 19, 1850, a son of Bar- 
nctt and Ann Cosgrove. 

Barnett Cosgrove was born in Brandy- 
wine, Delaware, where the first few years 
of his life were spent; subsequently his 
parents removed to Brooklyn, New York, 
he being at that time only four years of 
age. His educational advantages were ob- 
tained in the public schools of that city, 



after which he was bound out to learn the 
trade of cooper. Being diligent and atten- 
tive he soon mastered all the details of the 
business, and was thoroughly equipped to 
establish a business of his own, which he 
accordingly did in New York in 1840, and 
conducted it until 1886, when he retired 
from the active pursuits of life. Self-reli- 
ance, conscientiousness; energy and honesty 
are the traits of character that insure the 
highest emoluments and greatest success, 
and to these may be attributed the prosper- 
ity that crowned the efforts of Mr. Cos- 
grove. Fraternally he was a member of the 
Masonic order, and in religious matters he 
took an active part in the work connected 
with the Bedford Avenue Baptist Church. 
He was united in marriage to Miss Ann 
Donahue, and four children were born to 
them. Mr. Cosgrove's decease occurred 
June 10, 1902, in the seventy-sixth year of 
his age. 

James F. Cosgrove, son of Barnett and 
Ann Cosgrove, attended the local schools of 
Williamsburg, where he acquired an excel- 
lent education, which has since been greatly 
improved by experience, observation and 
reading. Upon completing his studies he 
entered a cooperage shop where he thor- 
oughly learned the trade of cooper, and after 
a few years time he found that through his 
industry and economy he had acquired suf- 
ficient capital to enable him to engage in 
business for himself. In 1879 he estabUshed 
a cooperage shop in New York city, and 
through earnest effort, close application and 
the strictest integrity in his business rela- 
tions his enterprise prospered to such an 
extent that he was soon in a position to 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



191 



open another shop, Avhich he conducted suc- 
cessfully for many years, and his name is 
now high upon the ranks of the substantial 
business men of the city. Mr. Cosgrove is 
prominently identified with the Masonic 
order, and is a member of the Royal 
Arcanum. 

On June 25, 1876, Mr. Cosgrove was 
united in marriage to Miss Linda Sutton, a 
daughter of George Sutton. Three children 
have been born to them, but only one is 
living at the present time, Etta Cosgrove. 



CALVIN PATTERSON. 

Calvin Patterson, educator and author, son 
of Calvin Colton and Julia A. (Matson) Pat- 
terson, was born at Clarendon, Orleans county, 
New York, July 2, 1847. His mother was 
the daughter of David and iJetsey (Cally) 
Matson# and his father was the son of William 
and Experience (Colton) Patterson. Through 
Experience Colton he was descended from 
Deborah Gardner, of Hartford, and General 
George Colton, quartermaster, a native of 
Suttancofield, England, and one of the early 
settlers of Longmeadow, Connecticut. His 
father, Calvin Colton Patterson (1799- 1867), 
was characterized by keenness of foresight 
and strict devotion to duty, traits inherited 
by Calvin Patterson and developed by his 
early training. 

From the farm and the district school he 
went to the Brockport Collegiate Institute; 
later he was graduated at the Albany Normal 
School (1867) and Rochester University 
(1877), and in 1898 the degree of Ph. D. was 
conferred upon him by the State Normal Col- 
lege of Albany. For one year (t868) he was 



principal of Grammar School No. 4, in Roches- 
ter, New York, and fi'om 1869 to 1871 
he taught in the Buffalo Classical School, 
resigning to^ become professor of mathe- 
matics in the State Normal School at 
Buffalo. In this positon he accomplished 
some of the best work of his life, for he 
was particularly gifted in the science of mathe- 
matics. Aside from his lectures, he assisted in 
organizing the normal school and in making 
it an important educational institution. An 
offer from the Brooklyn Board of Education 
tempted him to leave Buffalo, and in 1873 he 
went to Brooklyn, where for nine years he 
served as principal of Grammar School No. 13. 
If the growth of a school is any tribute to the 
ability of its principal, then his work was cer- 
tainly superior, for the records show that the 
attendance was more than doubled under his 
direction. The organization of the first Even- 
ing High School of Brooklyn brought Mr. 
Patterson into yet more prominent notice, and 
so impressed the Board of Education with his 
capability that in 1882 he was elected Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction. Mr. Patter- 
son's chief power was that of an organizer, 
and the following six years he spent in lay- 
ing the foundations of a great educational 
system. He planned new courses of study and 
arranged for the orderly promotion of pupils 
from grade to grade. He established the 
Training School for Teachers, and recom- 
mended new methods of instruction. He in- 
troduced the first system of teachers' certifi- 
cates, and thereby raised to a higher plane the 
qualifications necessary to obtain a license. His 
administration as superintendent resulted in 
the remodeling of the whole scheme of edu- 
cation in Brooklyn, and attracted the attention 



192 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



of prominent educators. In a published arti- 
cle, James M. Greenwood, of Kansas City, 
Missouri, said : " Superintendent Calvin Pat- 
terson had studied the Brooklyn system so 
thoroughly that he knew all the details by 
heart ; and he was, while superintendent, one 
of the best judges of school work in the United 
States." Though urged to remain superin- 
tendent, Mr. Patterson saw the opportunity 
to organize another great enterprise, and in 
1887 he became principal of the Centi-al Gram- 
mar School, afterwards known as the Girls' 
High School. His first effort in this new ca- 
pacity was to secure adequate equipment, and 
largely through his endeavors the present 
Boys' High School on Marcy avenue was 
erected. 'Secondary education now became the 
one thought and aim of his life, and for its 
advancement he labored unceasingly, winning 
in this field as in the superintendency a na- 
tional reputation. President Charles E. Rob- 
ertson of the School Board said : " His work 
as principal of the Brooklyn High School can- 
not be overestimated. Educators familiar with 
that institution declare that there is not an- 
other of like character in the country, where 
the young women are so well prepared for 
the higher duties of life." 

From time to time throughout his profes- 
sional career, Mr. Patterson contributed to 
the literature of education. Among the text- 
books bearing his name and embodying his 
ideas are : " Patterson's Common School 
Speller" (1874); " Speller and Analyzer'' 
(1875); "Elementary Grammar" (1882); 
" Advanced Grammar and Elements of Rhet- 
oric " (1886); "Sheldon's Word Studies" 
(1886); "Sheldon's Complete Arithmetic" 
( 1886) ; " Sheldon's Primary Language Les- 



sons " (1894); and "Sheldon's Advanced 
Language Lessons" (1895). 

As a citizen Mr. Patterson was identified 
with the best interests of Brooklyn. He was 
a charter member of the Hamilton Club ; a 
member of the Oxford Club and the New Eng- 
land Society; and a director of the Hamil- 
ton Trust Company. 

Mr. Patterson was married at Albany, New 
York, December 27, 1870, to Marcia Scudder 
Lewis, daugliter of Edward Lewis of that 
place, and had two children, Mabel Lewis and 
Edward Calvin. 

Mr. Patterson died in Brooklyn borough, 
New York city, January 28, 1902. A me- 
morial window was caused to be placed in the 
Girls' High School building by the teachers 
in the same as a testimonial of their esteem 
and affection for Mr. Patterson. This is the 
first honor of the kind ever bestowed upon a 
Brooklyn teacher in the history of the educa- 
tional department. 



ADOLPH SCHWARZMANN. 

Adolph Schwarzmann was one of the pio- 
neers in a department of journalism in 
America — the publication of a comic paper 
— and developed a business which in extent 
and importance was unsurpassed by any 
who became his followers in this line of 
activity. Amid unfavoring circumstances 
he entered upon his business career in 
America, and his course was marked by a 
consecutive progress that won for him a 
place among the men of affluence in Brook- 
lyn, while the use to which he put his 
wealth gained for him the respect and ad- 
miration of all who knew him, it being em- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



193 



ployed in the promotion of legitimate and 
extensive business undertakings which pro- 
moted the commercial and industrial activ- 
ity of the city, and in the relief of those 
whom misfortune or lack of personal busi- 
ness ' ability had placed in distressing cir- 
cumstances. His charity and his industrial 
enterprise stood as the salient features in 
his career, 'and caused his loss to be greatly 
felt in the borough of Brooklyn, where he 
made his home. 

Mr. Schwarzmann was born in Konigs- 
berg, Germany, in 1838, and in his boyhood 
days came to the United States. When a 
young lad he learned the printer's trade, 
and was employed in various printing estab- 
lishments in New York. He finally entered 
the employ of the Frank Leslie Publishing 
Company, becoming a proofreader in the 
book printing establishment, where his use- 
fulness and capability won recognition and 
secured him promotion. He made it his 
purpose to throughly master each task 
which devolved upon him in connection 
with his added responsibilities, thus acquir- 
ing the practical knowledge and broad ex- 
perience which fitted him for the successful 
conduct of his own enterprise at a later date. 
He eventually became associate editor of 
" Frank Leslie's German Illustrated Week- 
ly," and in 1876 severed his connection with 
the house in which he had so long been em- 
ployed in order to engage in an independ- 
ent business venture. 

While with the Leslie Company, Mr. 
Schwarzmann had formed the acquaintance 
of Joseph Keppler, artist and cartoonist with 
the same company, who had previously pub- 
lished a paper in St. Louis, which he called 



"Puck." This venture, however, had proved 
a failure, but the idea was revived when Mr. 
Schwarzmann and Mr. Keppler entered into 
partnership and gave to the world the first 
edition, of " Puck," which has since main- 
tained a foremost place among the comic 
papers of the country. It was in August, 
1876, that the partnership was formed. 
Earlier in the year Mr. Schwarzmann had 
become the owner of the " New York Musi- 
cal News," and had an office on Park Row, 
where is now the entrance to the Brooklyn 
Bridge. In August Mr^ Keppler gave up 
his position with the Leslie Publishing Com- 
pany, and in connection with Mr. Schwarz- 
mann prepared to issue the first number of 
" Puck," taking charge of the art depart- 
ment of the enterprise, while Mr. Schwarz- 
mann furnished the capital and the business 
experience. Although the latter had come 
to this country empty-handed, he had 
through untiring industry and the careful 
husbanding of his resources accumulated 
ten thousand dollars, which he invested in 
the new venture. There had up to this time 
been no successful comic paper in America, 
although Germany and England had fur- 
nished a profitable field for such enterptlses, 
and Mr. Schwarzmann and Mr. Keppler felt 
that the United States, as well as other 
countries, afforded a good opening for a 
journal devoted to wit and humor. Time 
proved the wisdom of their views, for from 
the beginning the enterprise proved success- 
ful, and its profits eventually made the pro- 
prietors wealthy men. In the year 1888 the 
firm of Keppler & Schwarzmann was estab- 
lished, and later the Puck Publishing Com- 
pany was incorporated. After the death of 



194 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLANO. 



Mr. Keppler in 1894, Mr. Schwarzmann 
became president, and so continued up to 
the time of his death in February, 1904. 
The business is being continued by the sons 
of the original proprietors, Adolph Schwarz- 
mann, Jr., and Joseph Keppler, Jr. The 
paper was at first pubHshed in German, but 
later an English edition was started, which 
gradually became so much more the profit- 
able of the two that the German edition was 
discontinued, while the other found its way 
into almost every city and hamlet of the 
entire country. Mr. Schwarzmann was part 
owner of the Puck Building, and was a 
member of the J. O. Ottmann Lithograph- 
ing Company. Starting out in life with little 
educational and no financial advantage, he 
became imbued with a desire to attain some- 
thing better, and steadily advanced in those 
walks of life demanding intellectuality, busi- 
ness ability and fidelity, and throughout his 
business career he commanded the respect 
and esteem of his contemporaries, his asso- 
ciates and his employes. 

Mr. Schwarzmann took considerable in- 
terest in scientific research, and was also a 
patron of the arts. The former led to his 
connection with the American Geographical 
Society, the latter to his membership in the 
Municipal Art Society and the Metropolitan 
Museum of Arts, of which he was also an 
officer. He also had official connection with 
the New York Botanical Gardens, and his 
social nature found expression in his mem- 
bership in the Germania Club of Brooklyn, 
the Liederkranz, with which he was con- 
nected for over thirty years, the New York 
Yacht Club and the Shelter Island Yacht 
Club. He was an enthusiastic yachtsman, 



spending most of his time in the summer 
season at Shelter Island on his steam yacht 
" Turbese."' 

Mr. Schwarzmann was married to Miss 
Johanna Jaenicke, who survives him, and 
their only son, Adolph Schwarzmann, Jr., is 
his father's successor in business. They also 
had an adopted son, Edward C. Carter. He 
provided for his family a beautiful home at 
No. 691 St. Mark's Place, in Brooklyn, as 
well as a summer residence on Shelter Isl- 
and, and in each he provided the adornments 
that wealth, guided by a cultured taste, 
could secure. To his family he displayed an 
unremitting love and devotion, and he also 
held friendship inviolable, the strength of 
his afifections, hi? kindly nature and ready 
appreciation of the good in others winning 
him the highest esteem and regard of many 
friends. To the poor and needy he was 
more than friend ; he was a benefactor. No 
worthy charity sought his assistance in vain, 
and he was identified with many benevolent 
organizations formed to ameliorate the hard 
conditions of life. Aside from his donations 
to charitable societies he gave freely as an 
individual, and, while he never believed in 
the indiscriminate giving which often fos- 
ters vagrancy, his hand was continually ex- 
tended to those in real need, so that he is 
held in the most grateful remembrance by 
many who were the recipients of his bounty. 

" His life was noble, and the elements 

So mixed in him that Nature might stand up 

And say to all the world, This was a Man." 

JOHNSON, CHASE HULL. 

Johnson Chase Hull was born in Garrick 
street. New York, in 1823, and died in 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



195 



Brooklyn, October 12, 1903. There has 
never been a more faithful representative 
of government service in the latter bor- 
ough than Mr. Hull, who for more than a 
third of a century was connected with the 
postofiSce department, and who previous to 
that time was a soldier in the Civil war. 
Whether in days of peace or of conflict, he 
was always the same reliable, loyal public 
servant, never faltering in his allegiance 
to the trusts reposed in him, and performing 
every task assigned to him with readiness, 
capability and dispatch. He became well 
known to the business men of the borough 
of Brooklyn, and his life ever commanded 
for him the respect and good will of those 
with whom he was associated. 

Mr. Hull was only four years of age at the 
time of his parents' removal to Brooklyn, 
which was then a comparatively small and 
unimportant place, and through two-thirds 
of a century he was a witness of the devel- 
opment and progress here made, taking a 
commendable and public-spirited interest in 
what was accomplished along lines of sub- 
stantial upbuilding and improvement. His 
education was acquired in the public schools, 
and he entered upon his business career in 
the capacity of a truckman. At the time of 
the Civil war, however, he put aside all busi- 
ness and personal considerations that he 
might aid his country in her hour of' peril. 
Aroused by a spirit of patriotism, he joined 
the One Hundred and Thirty-third Regi- 
ment New York Voluteers, went to the front 
with his cohimand and took part in a num- 
ber of important engagements. He never 
faltered in his allegiance to the old flag or 
in the performance of any duty, although it 



often called him into the thickest of the 
fight or stationed him on the lonely picket 
line. At the battle of Port Hudson he was 
shot in the mouth, the bullet knocking out 
nearly all of his teeth and lodging in the 
shoulder and paralyzing his right hand and 
remaining in his body until his death. He 
was afterward honorably discharged, and 
with a creditable military record returned 
to his home. 

Though his military service was then 
ended, Mr. Hull did not cease to be a repre- 
sentative of the government, for in 1864 he 
was appointed to a position in the postofKce 
department at Brooklyn, being the eight- 
eenth man named as a letter carrier in this 
borough. The ofhce at that time was situ- 
ated at the corner of Court and Montague 
streets, and George B. Lincoln was post- 
master. The carriers collected one and two 
cents each for delivering letters, which was 
their personal income. For a long time after 
the service was enlarged Mr. Hull was a 
carrier in the East New York district, but 
about 1890 was given the collection of mail 
on Fulton street, from Borough Hall to 
Bond street, in the heart of the shopping 
district. In all that time, as he drove 
through the thronged business center, he 
never met with an accident and could 
thread the labyrinth of trolley cars and wag- 
ons with perfect ease. Nothing deterred 
him from the prompt and faithful perform- 
ance of his duty, and he was regarded as 
the most reliable collector in all the service 
in Brooklyn. He was also the only "Lone 
Star" man in the postoffice of his borough, 
his long and capable seryice winning him 
the distinction. 



196 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Mr. Hull was united in marriage to Mrs. 
Mary E. Thomas, nee Hubbell, who still sur- 
vives him, as do nineteen grandchildren and 
five great-grandchildren. His children, two 
by his first marriage and three stepdaughters, 
however, have all passed away. During the 
long years of his residence in Brooklyn, Mr. 
Hull saw much of the growth of his borough 
and of Manhattan as a witness of the re- 
markable changes incident to the develop- 
ment of the metropolis of Greater New 
York. He was a genial man and made 
friends among all classes of people. At the 
age of eighty-two years he possessed the 
youth, vigor and animation of a man of 
much younger years, and those who were 
his juniors enjovcd his companionship, as 
well as did those of threescore years and 
ten. Not long before his death four men in 
the postoffice tried to down him in a friendly 
scuffle, but he had no trouble in shaking 
them off. He was also an excellent boxer, 
and his physical strength was undoubtedly 
the foundation of his genial spirit, for a 
healthy mind dwells in a sound body. He 
always had a pleasant word and smile for 
his friends, and all who knew him were glad 
to claim his friendship. He was particularly 
active as a member of Moses F. Odell Post, 
G. A. R., and w;is connected with the Let- 
ter Carriers' Mutual Relief Association. 
With the letter carriers he always marched 
in parade on Memorial Day, thus honoring 
his old comrades who wore the blue. That 
he was popvilar with his associates in the 
postoffice is shown by the fact that a short 
time before his death they had made a pastel 
portrait of himself and presented it to him. 

Death came to Mr. Hull suddenly, but it 



was as he wished. No one would have more 
disliked an evening of inactivity as a close 
of life's day of labor, and Mr. Hull remained 
in active postoffice service until the after- 
noon of his demise. His brother, George H. 
Hull, passed away two days before. Mr. 
Hull did not leave his post of duty until al- 
niost the hour of the funeral, saying that he 
would not know what to do with himself, 
and, as he leaned over his brother's coffin, 
he said : "Good-bye, George. We have 
shared our joys and sorrows through four 
score years, and you were the first to go. 
My summons cannot come too quickly. I 
want to be with you." Hardly had the 
words been spoken ere he sunk lifeless by 
the side of his brother, and the summons 
that he had asked for had come. The oldest 
letter carrier in the Brooklyn postoffice, he 
was also one of the most honored. His life 
was ever upright, his actions manly and sin- 
cere, and his worth was genuine. There was 
about him no pretense or display, but he 
possessed an upright character that in every 
land and clime commands respect, confi-* 
dence and good will. 



EUGENE G. BLACKFORD. 

Eugene G. Blackford, known in financial cir- 
cles in Brooklyn as the president of the Bed- 
ford Bank, and with a wide acquaintance in 
scientific circles because of his researches and 
investigations along the line of ichthyology, 
is a representative of an old American fam- 
ily. His paternal great-grandfather and his 
grandfather were ministers of the Baptist 
church. 

His father, Gilbert L. Blackford, was a car- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



197 



riage-builder of Morristown, New Jersey, and 
about 1840 removed to New York where he 
directed his attention to other fields of busi- 
ness activity. His son, Eugene G. Blackford, 
was then in his infancy, his birth having oc- 
curred at Morristown, New Jersey, August 8, 
1839. Throughout his entire life he has been 
a resident of. Brooklyn, and after acquiring 
his education in the public schools he entered 
upon his business career at the age of four- 
teen years as an employee in the office of Cap- 
tain Asa W. Weldon, who conducted a 
ship-brokerage enterprise on South street. New 
York. Mr. Blackford, however, found scien- 
tific research more interesting than the routine 
work of the office, and, although he remained 
in Mr. Weldon's employ for three years, was 
finally discharged on the complaint of his em- 
ployer that he gave more attention to the study 
of chemistry than to the tasks assigned him in 
connection with the ship-brokerage business. 
About that time Mr. Blackford received in- 
struction in water-color painting, but soon 
afterward accepted a position as freight clerk 
in connection with the Hartford line of steam- 
boats, and subsequently was with the Camden 
& Amboy Railroad Company. He has always 
attributed much of his success in business to 
the thorough training which he received during 
two years' connection with the A. T. Stewart 
store at the corner of Broadway and Cham- 
bers street. His active identification with the 
business which has claimed the greater part of 
his time and energies began as bookkeeper for 
Middleton, Carman & Company, and, on leav- 
ing that employ he opened a stall in the Fulton 
market, beginning with the cash capital of but 
one hundred and ten dollars. Success attend- 
ed the enterprise from the beginning and to- 



day, occupying twenty stands, the Blackford 
Company is conducting a most extensive and 
profitable business. While he has carried on 
business in the market as an independent deal- 
er, he also organized the finn of Blackford & 
Company, wholesale fish dealers and commis- 
sion merchants ; that of Blackford & String- 
ham, wholesale and retail dealers in oysters 




and clams ; and Blackford & Company, repre- 
senting the Chalker Shad Company and the 
Dennison Shad Company of Saybrook, Con- 
necticut, and receiving a large part of the 
catch of the Connecticut river. The Blackford 
Fish Company, of which Mr. Blackford was 
treasurer, lease five miles of the shore of Mon- 
tauk Point, Long Island, and fish were sent 
daily from there to Fulton market, a huge pen 



198 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



having been arranged for keeping live fish 
until they are required in the city. For many 
years the Fulton Market was in a most dilapi- 
dated condition, and largely through the ef- 
forts of Mr. Blackford an appropriation of one 
hundred and eighty thousand dollars was ob- 
tained to rebuild the structure, which covering 
an entire block is two hundred and six feet 
by one hundred and seventy-one feet and one 
hundred and sixty-one feet, and in its remod- 
eled form is an imposing building of brick. 
In one of the towers of the Fulton Market 
Mr. Blackford has a library and laboratory, 
the former one of the finest collections of pub- 
lished works on ichth}'ology to be found in the 
country. This he has placed at the disposal of 
the public, and he has there every facility for 
the student who is interested in the science 
of fishes. At the corner of South and Beek- 
man streets Mr. Blackford has fitted up a 
magnificent series of fish stands and offices at 
the cost of twenty-two thousand dollars. 
While he was fish commissioner of New York 
he was instrumental in establishing the hatch- 
ery at Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, and 
in 1875 he inaugurated a trout exhibit in New 
Ybrk, which has become a popular annual en- 
tertainment. 

Since 1872 Mr. Blackford has given his 
attention largely to the histoTy and propaga- 
tion of fish. In that year he formed the 
acquaintance of Professor Baird, of the Smith- 
sonian Institution at Washington, who in' -the 
previous year had become United States Com- 
missioner of Fish and Fisheries. Mr. Black- 
ford was instrumental in organizing the 
American Fish Culturist Association, of which 
he was chosen treasurer, holding the office for 
a number of years, and ever taking an active 



and helpful part in the work of the society. 
He has read various papers at its annual meet- 
ings, and has delivered many pleasing after- 
dinner speeches at its annual fish dinner.' To 
him is due the credit of bringing to this part 
of the world the highly flavored salmon of 
the Restigouche river, also the now famous 
redsnapper, which was named in his honor 
Lutjanus Blackfordii. He introduced the 
pompano, various species of groupers, the 
Oregon river salmon and also the delicate 
white bait, being the first to prove that this 
fish, considered so choice in Europe, was to be 
found in American waters. From Mexico he 
received the axolotl ; from Asia the fantail, 
gold fish of Japan, the paradise fish and the 
Chinese gouramie ; while from Europe, he re- 
ceived the carp, sole and turbot. He has sent 
to the Smithsonian Institute more than one 
thousand of its choice specimens. He has 
turned his scientific knowledge to practical 
account in his business, and his practical 
knowledge has enabled him to build up a trade 
that has made possible the establishment of 
an office and laboratory in which he has fine 
opportunity to carry on investigations that 
have been of the xitmost value in the scientific 
world. In May, 1879, he was appointed by 
Governor Robinson one of the four fish com- 
missioners for the state of New York and 
served with great zeal and usefulness in that 
office for fourteen years. 

As the result of his interest in commercial 
pursuits Mr. Blackford has become a factor 
in financial interests in Brooklyn, investing 
in many of the strong moneyed institutions 
of the city, and also aiding in their control by 
his wise counsel and keen business foresight. 
He is a trustee and chairman of the executive 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



199 



committee of the People's Trust Company; a 
director of the Hide and Leather Bank ; chair- 
man of the finance committee of the City Sav- 
ings Bank ; vice-president of the New York 
Telemeter Company, and vice-president of the 
Union Typewriter Company. 

Mr. Blackford holds membership with va- 
rious social organizations and societies for 
the promotion of scientific knowledge and re- 
search. He belongs to the Brooklyn Institute 
of Arts and Sciences, of which he is the treas- 
urer ; to the Ichthyophagous Club ; to the Ox- 
ford Rod and Gun Club, at Eastport, Long 
Island; and to the Blooming Grove Associa- 
tion of Pike county, Pennsylvania. He is also 
a member of the Brooklyn, Hamilton, Oxford 
and Union League Clubsof Brooklyn; Fulton 
and Reform Clubs of New York; and of the 
Washington Avenue Baptist Qiurch, of which 
he is a prominent member. He united with the 
Baptist denomination in early life, and during 
1876, 1877, 1878 was president of the Sunday 
School Association of the eastern district of 
Brooklyn. During that time he acted as grand 
marshal of the largest Sunday school parade in 
the world, being composed of twenty-five thou- 
sand children and teachers in solid column. 

At the age of twenty-one years he was mar- 
ried to Miss Frances L. Green, of New York, 
and they have three children. The wedding 
ceremony was performed by Rev. Ira R. Stew- 
ard, who had also baptized Mr. Blackford into 
the church, and their married life has been a 
very happy one. 



PHILIP BIERSCHENK. 

Among the enterprising and prominent 
business men of the East New York section 



of the borough of Brooklyn, Newi York, is 
Philip Bierschenk, a speculative builder, and 
probably one of the best known stair-build- 
ers in Greater New York, whose residence 
at No. 121 Russell street, is one of the most 
modern and beautiful in that select locality. 

He is a native of Rhingam, Germany, a 
son of Philip and Christina (Schmidt) Biers- 
chenk, and grandson of Peter Bierschenk, 
who was an expert mechanic and followed 
the trade of building in his native country, 
Germany. Philip Bierschenk (father) was 
also a skillful mechanic, a cabinet maker 
and special woodworker and an extensive 
builder. His sons, all of whom are very suc- 
cessful in business, are as follows : Peter, a 
stair-builder by trade, who has erected many 
houses, which he now owns ; Charles, a 
builder, whose extensive operations are con- 
ducted in Brooklyn ; Jacob, a stair and house 
builder; William, a stair-builder by trade, 
and a first-class mechanic ; and Philip, men- 
tioned at length in the following paragraph. 

Philip Bierschenk came to the United 
States at the age of twenty-four years, hav- 
ing spent three years in Company No. 41, 
Eleventh Battalion, of the Eleventh Army 
Corps, in the engineer corps, as a corporal, 
and an instructor in that service for six 
weeks. He learned the trade of framer and 
carpenter, and also acquired a thorough 
knowledge of architecture during the period 
of time he spent in a German school of tech- 
nology. Since engaging in business he has 
made all his own designs and drawings, and 
is a very successful woodworker. He fol- 
lowed stair-building for several years, con- 
ducting an extensive and lucrative business 
which required the services of forty-five' 



200 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



men. His trade was largely in the city of 
New York, but he also constructed a number 
of handsome stairways in the borough of 
Brooklyn, which are to be found in several 
of the churches and also in the Bijou Thea- 
tre, but his work is confined chiefly to pri- 
vate residences. He equipped thirteen 
houses for Rupert Wallace, of New York, 
and a similar number for Mr. Wagner, of 
the same city. A large number of the stair- 
ways have been sent as far as Washington, 
and one flight of stairs built by Mr. Bier- 
schenk was disposed of at six hundred dol- 
lars. 

In 1895 he engaged in speculative build- 
ing, erecting his first house in East New 
York in that year, and since that date has 
built extensively throughout Williamsburg 
and the Greenpoint district, the houses aver- 
aging in value from $4,000 to $35,000. He 
has had the construction of the stairways 
for as many as forty-five houses at a time. 
To all of his building operations he gives 
his personal supervision, this being a suffi- 
cient guarantee as to their excellence in 
every detail. He is a man of sagacity and 
business acumen, and occupies a prominent 
position in the business circles of the city. 

Mr. Bierschenk was united in marriage to 
Carrie Zimmerman, the ceremony being per- 
formed in Brooklyn, New York. They are 
the parent of four sons. 



JOHN H. BREWER. 

John Hyatt Brewer, organist and com- 
poser, son of William and Annie E. Brewer 
(Scotch-English), was born in Brooklyn, 
New York, January 18, 1856. 



He began m music at seven years of age 
as boy soprano in choirs of New York and 
Brooklyn, viz : with organist Frank Gilder, 
at St. John's Protestant Episcopal Church, 
Brooklyn ; with Dr. H. E. Cutler, at Zion 
Church, New York; with Dr. W. W. Wal- 
ter, at Trinity Chapel, New York ; returning 
to St. John's, where he remained until his 
fifteenth year. His vocal studies were with 
Dr. Cutler, Dr. Walter and James M. Wil- 
der. He learned piano-forte and harmony of 
Rafael Navarro ; organ of W. A. M. Diller, 
V. W. Caulfield, S. B. Whiteley, and ten 
years of organ, harmony and composition 
under Dudley Buck, from 1877. His first 
organ position was it City Park Chapel, 
1871-3 ; thence to the Church of the Messiah, 
1873-7 ; thence to Clinton Avenue Congre- 
gational Church, 1877-81, and to the Lafay- 
ette Avenue Presbyterian Church in 1881, 
which position he still occupies (1903). He 
was one of the earliest active members of 
the New York State Music Teachers' Asso- 
ciation, and the New York Manuscript So- 
ciety, and is a member of the Brooklyn In- 
stitute of Arts and Sciences (secretary of 
the music department) ; conductor of vari- 
ous glee clubs and societies, notably for 
three years of Hoadley Amateur Orchestra, 
and for nine years of the Cecilia Ladies' Vo- 
cal Society; co-founder and fellow of the 
American Guild of Organists ; charter mem- 
ber and accompanist for twenty-five years 
of the Brooklyn Apollo Club, and elected 
conductor of the same upon the retirement 
of Dudley Buck (1903) ; professor of music 
at Adelphi College since 1899. 

Mr. Brewer is p busy instructor in voice, 
pianoforte, organ and theory. His compo- 




, Lmis FiXUstitng Co 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



203 



sitions include for women's ^'oices cantatas: 
"Hesperus," "Sea and the Moon," "Herald 
of Spring," "Twilight Pictures," etc.; for 
male voices, "Autumn," "Cavalry Song," 
"Birth of Love," "Sing, Sing, Music was 
Given," "Break, Break, Break," etc. ; for 
mixed voices, "Dreamland," "Glad Tidings," 
and a sacred cantata, "Holy Night," and 
more than one hundred other compositions, 
comprising sacred and secular songs, duets, 
quartets, anthems, glees, choruses ; pieces 
for pianoforte, organ and strings ; duos for 
organ and pianoforte ; also a suite manu- 
script for orchestra. Mr. Brewer's music is 
published by the houses of A. P. Schmidt, 
Oliver Ditson Co., Novello Ewer & Co., and 
G. Schirmer. 

Mr. Brewer married Miss Emma A. 
Thayer, June 27, 1888. His residence is at 
88 South Oxford street, Brooklyn. 



LEONHARD EPPIG. 

Leonhard Eppig was of German origin, and 
came from the Fatherland to the United 
States when about fifteen years of age. He 
became known as one of the leading, progres- 
sive and enterprising German-American citi- 
zens of Brooklyn. He was a self-made man in 
the fullest sense in which this term may be ap- 
plied, and by his indefatigable energy and per- 
severance contributed much to the progress 
and material advancement of the community 
in which he resided. 

He was born in the village of Gross-Wal- 
stadt, in the kingdom of Bavaria, Germany, 
on March 2d, 1839, and was a son of John and 
Clara (Stahl) Bppig, his father, John Eppig, 
being a native of the same village," and the 



mother a native of the town of Obernburg, the 
county seat of the same county. The parents 
of Leonhard Eppig were agriculturists by oc- 
cupation, and were known to be consistent 
Christian people. 

Leonhard Eppig received the educational 
advantages accorded to farmers' boys of the 
village. Becoming orphaned through the loss 
of his father at the early -age of twelve years, 
he remained under the parental roof until his 
fifteenth year, when he decided to emigrate to 
America, where he hoped to find a better pros- 
pect for his opportunities in life, bade adieu to 
the Fatherland and sailed from Havre, France, 
and after a long and tedious voyage of nearly 
three months landed in New York city. Upon 
his arrival he lost no time in finding an occu- 
pation, and at once secured employment in the 
brewing establishment of his uncle, Nicholas 
Seitz, in the eastern district of Brooklyn. 
Here the young German applied himself dili- 
gently to learn the various details of the brew- 
ing and malting trade, in which in course of 
due time he made himself a proficient and 
competent master of the trade, vvhich he pur- 
sued for some time as a journeyman. His skill 
became recognized by the leading brewers of 
New York and Brooklyn, and he was later en- 
gaged as a master brewer in several brewing 
establishments in Brooklyn. 

Mr. Eppig, in association Vi^ith Hubert 
Fisher, began business on his own account, 
establishing a brewery on George street, on 
part of the site now occupied by the present 
mammoth establishment. Here the young and 
enterprising brewers continued successfully 
for twelve years, when their interests were dis- 
solved by mutual consent, and Mr. Eppig be- 
came sole owner and proprietor of the busi- 



204 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



ness. The reputation of the old firm had been 
well maintained, and Mr. Eppig by his 
straightforward and honorable methods in the 
conduct of his business carried forward to suc- 
cessful completion the nucleus which has be- 
come one of the largest establishments of its 
kind in Brooklyn. During his entire and suc- 
cessful business career Mr. Eppig was always 
progressive, and was among the first to adopt 
the new and improved methods and appliances 
that have done so much toward modern per- 
fection in the manufacture of lager beer. Not 
only was he always abreast with modern 
progress in his line of enterprises, but he also 
took an active interest in the material and 
moral welfare of the community in which he 
resided. He has done much for the improve- 
ment of the neighborhood, having erected many 
modern dwelling houses and business estab- 
lishments, and in many other ways was in- 
strumental in the advancement and betterment 
of the neighborhood in which he resided. He 
was a liberal contributor to church and charita- 
ble enterprises, regardless of creed or sect. 
At the founding of St. Leonard's Roman 
Catholic Church at the corner of Hamburg 
avenue and Jefiferson street, Mr. Eppig gave 
substantially of his substance and time, with 
the view of having erected one of the most 
modern and imposing church edifices in the 
eastern district of Brooklyn. 

In brief, it can be said that from a poor boy 
of fifteen years of age, with no capital except 
his willingness to work" and his ambition to 
succeed, Mr. Eppig, by his industry, thrift 
and perseverance, coupled with honest purpose 
and determination to succeed, made himself a 
leading and useful citizen. In the social re- 
lations of life he was no less favorably known. 



His friends were legion, with whom the word 
or promise of Leonhard Eppig was always re- 
garded as synonymous with fidelity and honor. 
He was a lover of amusements and society. 
His association and company were eagerly 
sought by many of Brooklyn's most prominent 
men, and his home was often sought for its 
hospitality, and was as well the pilgrimage for 
prominent clergymen of the Roman Catholic 
church from all parts of the country. Mr. 
Eppig was a prominent member of the Glen- 
more Rod and Gun Club of Brooklyn and 
other organizations which had for their object 
the social and moral advancement of the com- 
munity. Politically he was an ardent admirer 
of Samuel J. Tilden, and supported the prin- 
ciples of the Democratic party. He never 
sought public office, but his advice and influ- 
ence was often sought in the councils of his 
party, and he frequently aided others who 
sought political position. He will long be re- 
membered by many who valued his benefac- 
tions and those who were the recipients of his 
kindness and charity. At the time of his death, 
which occurred April 9th, 1893, there were 
many in the neighborhood who greatly missed 
his liberal help and generosity. On the day 
of his funeral there was a vast gathering of 
friends and accjuaintances who came to offer 
their last tribute of honor and love for their 
departed friend and benefactor. Among those 
present at the obsequies at St. Leonard's Ro- 
man Catholic Qiurch were many prominent 
clergymen as well as those of the laity from 
all walks of life. 

Mr. Eppig was married in Brooklyn, on 
January 31st, 1858, to Miss Margaret 
Schwindt, who was a native of New York 
city, and a daughter of John Adam and Eliza- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



205 



beth (Eisele) Schwindt, and to this, union 
were born the following named children : 
Mary A., who married Michael Brauri, of 
Brooklyn ; her children are : Leonhard M. and 
Seraphina Braun. John Adam, the second 
child in order of birth, married Catherine 
Graf, but has no issue. Henry, the second 
son, 'married _Julia Weinig; her children are 
* Margaret L., Regina J., John Adam, and Julia 
Eppig. Leonhard F., the third son and fourth 
child in order of birth, is not married. Bar- 
bara J., the next child, married John Schnaup- 
pauf, and her children are Margaret L., Mary 
A., Barbara T., and Reginald Adam. Theresa 
F., who is the sixth child in order of birth, 
married Michael Schnauppauf ; her children 
are Adam M., Theresa B., and Regina J. 
Margaret G., the seventh child of Leonhard 
and Margaret (Schwindt) Eppig, is a Sister 
of Charity of the Dominican order. The next 
child and youngest of this family is Regina H., 
who resides with her mother. The family are 
communicants of St. Leonard's Roman Cath- 
olic Church. 



EDMUND THOMAS SMITH. 

Edmund Thomas Smith, the subject of 
this sketch, was born November 13, 1824, at 
the old Adam Smith homestead at Sherre- 
wogue. Smith towr.. Long Island. His father, 
Nathaniel Smith, was directly descended 
from the patentee Richard Smythe, the line 
of descent being as followis: Richard 
Smythe, patentee, Richard 2nd, Ebenezer, 
Richard 3rd, Richard 4th, Nathaniel, the 
father of Edmund Thomas Smith. His 
mother was Sarah Floyd, a daughter of John 
Floyd, who was descended from Richard 
11 



Woodhull, Richard Floyd and Richard 
Smythe, the patentee. 

Mr. Smith obtained his early education at 
the Clinton Acpdemy, at East Hampton, 
Long Island, and afterward attended school 
in New York city. On arriving at the age 
of twenty-one years he received from his 
uncle, Edmund Smith, for whom he was 
named, the old original homestead of the 
patentee, Richard Smythe, at Nissequogue 
(near where the patriarchal ancestor of the 
family lies buried), together with a large 
ianded estate connected with the homestead. 
On obtaining possession of this property 
Mr. Smith took up his residence on the old 
ancestral estate and lived there till the time 
of his death. 

In 1845 he married Amanda Mosscrop 
Mills, the daughter of William Wickham 
Mills, of Smithtown, and of this union three 
children were born : Wickham Mills Smith, 
who died in infancy ; Minnie M., who mar- 
ried Dr. Alex B. Mott ; and Du Bois Smith. 

Mr. Smith was one of the most promitient 
and respected men of his town ; kindly and 
genial in his ways, always ready to help for- 
ward anything that was for the public good ; 
broad-minded, liberal, and wfliose influence 
was wide and most potent for good. He 
died November 25, 1895, surviving only two 
years and a half his wife, who died April 13, 
1893. Both are interred at Saint James 
churchyard. 



REV. SAMUEL PARKES CADMAN. 

The Rev. Samuel Parkes Cadman, pastor 
of the Central Congregational Church, of 
Brooklyn, New York, was born in England, 



206 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



December I8, 1864, the son of Samuel Cad- 
man, a clergyman of the Methodist denomin- 
ation, but now living a retired life, having 
attained the age of seventy-four years. 

Dr. Cadman pursued an academic course 
at Richmond College, attached to London 
University, froni which institution he was 
graduated in i8^g. Shortly afterward he 
was ordained deacon by Bishop Foss and 
subsequently ordained elder by, Bishop 
Hurst. His tirst pastoral charge was at 
Millbrook, New "York, from which he wlas 
§ent to the pastorate of a church at Yonk- 
ers, New York, where he remaijied until he 
received the cal' to become pastor of the 
Metropolitan Temple in New York city, 
where his brilliant oratory attracted large 
audiences'j'and his forceful utterances, show- 
ing forth the divme purpose, appealed to the 
understanding of all thinking people. He 
remained the pastor of this church until De- 
cember, 1900, when he accepted the pastor- 
ate of the Central Congregational Church of 
Brooklyn, made vacant by the death of their 
former pastor, the Rev. A. J. F. Behrends. 
It is a strong, active and growing church, 
has a membership of seventeen hundred and 
seventy-six, the largest of any single church 
of its denomination in the city of Brooklyn. 
The first church edifice was erected on Or- 
mond Place in 1853 by Mr. R. L- Crook, and 
was occupied until the expiration of the 
lease when, failing in the effort to raise 
means for the purchase of the building, it 
moved to a mission school house on Van 
Buren street. Eventually the Society, aided 
by Plymouth Church and the Church of the 
Pilgrims, effected the purchase and reopened 
the house on November 16, 1856. Prosper- 



ity attended the «ociety, and from time to 
time it was found necessary to enlarge the 
building, and in 1872 the commodious and 
handsome edifice on Hancock street, near 
Franklin avenue, was erected. Dr. Cadman 
at once attracted large audiences by his 
earnestness, clear reasoning, logical argu- 
ments and brilliant gifts of oratory, and his 
work has been particularly successful 
among all classes. His services are frequent- 
ly in demand at the various colleges for the 
purpose of delivering addresses to the stu- 
dents, for which work he shows a special 
inclination and aptitude. 

Dr; Cadman was united in marriage to 
Miss Esther L. Wooding, a daughter of 
John Wooding, a merchant of England, 
Their children are Fred L., Marie I. and 
Esther L. Cadman. 



HENRY ROSWELL HB:ATH. 

Henry R. Heath, who has been for more 
than a quarter of a century a well known resi- 
dent of Brooklyn, New York, residing at 333 
Washington avenue, that city, which hand- 
some residence he purchased in 1879, is de- 
scended from a family which was founded in 
this country by an ancestor who came from 
Nazing, England, on the ship "Lion" in 1632, 
and settled near Roxbury, Massachusetts. He 
numbered among his descendants many 
worthy citizens of the Bay State common- 
wealth, among whom were Major-General 
William Heath, of Revolutionary fame, and 
Roswell Heath, a prominent agriculturist of 
Sandisfield, Berkshire county, Massachusetts, 
who was the father of a son, Silas Heath, who 
followed the business of farming and cattle 




<^t^ £idhU^^7^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



209 



raising; he was united in marriage to Maria 
Farnham, daughter of Deacon John Farnham, 
of Litchfield, Connecticut. Mrs. Heath was 
active in church and ch.aritable work, and was 
an amiable Christian lady of exemplary char- 
acter. 

Henry Roswell Heath, son of Silas and 
Maria Heath, was born April i, 1845, in 
Tyringham, Berkshire county, Massachusetts, 
and acquired his education in the public 
schools of his native state and Connecticut, at 
the Hudson River Institute, and at Eastman's 
Business College. In August, 1861, he en- 
listed in Company A, Twentieth Regiment 
Massachusetts Volunteers, which was face- 
tiously called the "Massachusetts Literary 
Company,"- because Oliver Wendell Holmes, 
Jr., now a justice of the United States Su- 
preme Court, and Charles A. Whittier, a near 
relative of the great poet of that name, were 
among its officers. The regiment reached 
Washington on September 7, 1861, and was 
assigned tO' the Second Army Corps, under 
the command of General Charles R Stone, of 
the Army of the Potomac. On October 21st 
of the same year, the regiment took an active 
part in the battle of Ball's Bluflf, where Mr. 
Heath was injured and made a prisoner of 
war. He was taken to Richmond, Virginia, 
and confined for nearly four nionths in the 
notorious "Libby" and other Confederate war 
prisons, being dangerously ill during most of 
his sojourn there, owing to the dreadful hard- 
ships and privations which he wa's forced to 
endure, as were also thousands of Union men 
who were confined in Libby and Anderson- 
ville prisons. February 19, 1862, he was ex- 
changed and returned to Washington, but 
owing to his impaired health was sent home on 



a furlough granted by the army surgeon. At 
the expiration of his leave of absence he re- 
ported for duty, but received his discharge 
from the service of the United States Army, 
April 14, 1862, on account of deteriorated 
health. 

In the autumn of 1863 Mr. Heath com- 
menced his business career in New York city, 
where he engaged in the mercantile line for a 
number of years, and was also a member of 
the firms of William Harris & Company and 
of Wheeler & Heath. In 1869 he was one of 
the founders of the Bank of Saint Charles, 
in Minnesota, and for many years served as a 
member of its board of directors. In 1873 
he was one of the founders of the Oneida 
Steam Engine and Foundry Company, now 
known as the Westcott Chuck Company, and 
has since acted as director. In 1876 he entered 
the transportation business, purchased an in- 
terest in the Empire Transportation Company, 
and at once commenced to enlarge the busi- 
ness ; he has held various offices in the com- 
pany, such as president, secretary, and direc- 
tor ever since. In 1885 he was elected presi- 
dent of the People's District Telegraph Com- 
pany, and five years later was elected a di- 
rector in the Brooklyn District Telegraph 
Company. He is also interested in the manu- 
facture of cotton goods, leather and iron. He 
is the owner of a large amount of real estate 
in Cfanford and Lakewood, New Jersey; in 
Brooklyn, New York, and at the Thousand 
Islands. In 1870 he purchased Nobby Island 
(which is still their summer home), one of 
the Thousand Islands, near Alexandria Bay, 
New York, when that section was practically 
unknown except to sportsmen, and in 1871 
erected the first vwdern cottage built on these 



210 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



islands. He also induced and encouraged a 
score or more of prominent families to locate 
their summer homes at this now famous sum- 
mer resort. He has always been deeply inter- 
ested in whatever benefits the Thousand 
Islands, and it w?is largely through his in- 
strumentality that the Thousand Islands se- 
cured the State and International Parks, 
which insures a place for the non-residents 
and strangers to enjoy the privileges of island 
life for all future time. He was one of the 
charter members of the Thousand Island 
Yacht Club, being its first treasurer, and for a 
number of years he has acted as vice-president 
of the Anglers' Association of the Saint Law- 
rence River. In 1886 he was appointed chair- 
man of the committee that erected the monu- 
ment to the memory of Professor Alonzo 
Flack, the founder of Claverack College and 
Hudson River Institute at Claverack, New 
York ; he was also chairman of the Scottish- 
American Monument Committee that erected 
the- great Abraham Lincoln Monument in 
1893 at Edinburgh, Scotland, in honor of the 
Scottish soldiers who served our country dur- 
ing the Civil War, this being the first monu- 
ment of Lincoln erected outside of our coun- 
try. In 1896 he was also instrumental in 
erecting the monument to the memory of Pro- 
fessor William McAfee at Sound Beach, Con- 
necticut. In 1892 he was appointed trustee 
and treasurer of the Maple Grove Cemetery 
Association. Mr. Heath is a member of the 
Claverack Alumni Society of New York, of 
which he was the first president; a member 
of the Ulysses S. Grant Post, No. 327, Grand 
Army of the Republic of the State of New 
York, which post has the, honor 01 the appoint- 
ment for conducting the Memorial Day services 



each year at General Grant's Tomb in River- 
side Park. He is also a member of the Long 
Island Historical Society, the New England 
Society of Brooklyn, the Brooklyn Young Re- 
publican Club, the Congregational Club of 
Brooklyn, the Thousand Island Yacht Club, 
the Anglers' Association of the St. Lawrence 
River, a member of the advisory board of the 
Prospect Park and Maternity Hospital, a trus- 
tee of the Massachusetts Society in New York, 
and he also has. filled a similar position in the 
Froebel Academy of Brooklyn. 

On June 23, 1875, Mr. Heath married Jane 
Maria Williams, eldest daughter of Hon. Aras 
G. Williams, of Brooklyn, New York. The 
wedding occurred at the home of her grand- 
father, Abijah J. WilHams, at Utica, New 
York, with whom she had always resided. 
They have one son, Norman Abijah Heath, 
now a member of the class of 1905, in Prince- 
ton University. For over twenty years the 
family have been members of the Lafayette 
Avenue Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn, 
where for the past ten years he has served in 
the capacity of deacon and elder. 



RALPH LADD CUTTER. 

His- great-great-grandfather, Ammi Ruha- 
mah Cutter, was a graduate of the Harvard 
class of 1725, and afterward entered the min- 
istry, from which he retired and entered the 
army, and was a captain in one of Sir Will- 
iam PeppSrell's regiments in the battle of 
Louisburg in 1745. He was placed in com- 
mand of the fortress after the surrender, and 
died there. His son, Ammi Ruhamah Cut- 
ter, great-grandfather of Mr. Cutter, was 
also a graduate of Harvard, was a surgeon 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



211 



in the famous Rangers commanded by Col- 
onel Robert Rogers in the French and In- 
dian wars, and wias physician-general in the 
Revolutionary war in 1777. Ralph Cross, ot 
Newburyport, Massachusetts, another great- 
grandfather of Mr. Cutter, was a descend- 
ant of that' Captain Cross referred to by 
Motley in "The United Netherlands," in his 
description of the battle between the Eng- 
lish fleet and the Spanish armada. Ralph 
Cross was in command of the Essex Regi- 
ment of Massachusetts at the battle of Be- 
. mis Heights, and the surrender of General 
Burgoyne. 

Ralph Ladd Cutter was born in Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, and in 1853 re- 
moved to Brooklyn, New York, taking up 
his residence in the Sixth ward the follow- 
ing year, where he has since resided. He 
has been connected with the dry goods trade 
during his entire business career. In 1856 
hfe entered the house of Catlin, Leavitt & 
Company, of New Yorjf, who were engaged 
in jobbing dry goods to the Southern States, 
leaving them in 1857 to go with A. and A. 
(Amos and Abbott) Lawrence & Company, 
of Boston, who had established a branch of 
their great dry goods commission house in 
New York. In 1874 he was admitted to an in- 
terest in the business of the successors of 
the Lawrences, becoming a full partner in 
1878, and remaining so in the present firm of 
Smith, Hogg & Co. Mr. Cutter is a director 
in the Citizens' Central National Bank, and 
in the German-American and German Alli- 
ance Insurance Companies. He is a mem- 
ber of the New York Chamber of Com- 
merce, the New England Society of New 
York, the New England Society of Brooklyn, 



the Merchants' Club of New York, the Ham- 
ilton Club of Brooklyn, and Altair Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons. He served as 
treasurer of the First Presbyterian Church 
on Henry street for ten years, and is still a 
member of the board of trustees. 

In 1867 Mr. Cutter married Laura M. 
Eliot, of Guilford, Connecticut. Six children 
were born of this union, of whom three 
survive. He resides at the corner, 219 Clin- 
ton street, in a house originally built about 
seventy years ago by Aaron Degraw, the 
plot covering about one-quarter of an acre. 
The house came into Mr. Cutter's posses- 
sion about fifteen years ago, and has been 
practically rebuilt. His country residence 
is on the Great Soilth Bay at Westhampton 
Beach. 



ALBERT B. CHANDLER. 

Albert Brown Chandler, who is conspicu- 
ously identified w;iLh industrial and financial 
affairs in the national metropolis, is a native 
of Orange county, Vermont, having been 
born near the village of West Randolph, on 
the 20th of August, 1840. 

He is the youngest of the thirteen chil- 
dren of William Brown Chandler, who rep- 
resented distinguished New England ances- 
try, tracing his descent in direct line from 
William Chandler, who emigrated to Amer- 
ica from England in 1637, settling in Rox- 
bury, Massachusetts. Through his three 
sons, William, Thomas and John, came the 
three New England branches of the family, 
in which were found a number of men of 
distinction during the colonial epoch, while 
m later generations the honors of the name 



21^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



have been eminently upheld by me» prom- 
inent in civil, naval, military and public 
service of the country, among the number 
being Brigadier-General John Chandler, 
long representing the state of Maine in the 
United States Senate; Rear Admiral Ralph 
Chandler, of the United States Navy; Seth 
C. Chandler, the distinguished astronomer ; 
William E. Chandler, United States Senator 
from New Hampshire, and Secretary of the 
Navy; and Zachariah Chandler, United 
States Senator from the state of Michigan. 
In a collateral line Mr. Chandler is also a 
descendant of John Winthrop, the first gov- 
ernor of the Massachusetts colony, and the 
relationship continues to the second John 
Winthrop, the founder -of New London, Con- 
necticut, and the first governor of that col- 
ony. William Brown Chandler was descend- 
ed from John, the third son of William 
Chandler, the original American progenitor. 
Of William Brown Chandler another writer 
has spoken as follows : "He was esteemed 
as a man of high principle and Christian 
character, showji in many ways during his 
long life of nearly ninety years." The maid- 
en name of his wife was Electa Owen, who 
''was respected for her rare intellectual en- 
dowments and ioved for her amiable and 
womanly traits of character." These parents 
were natives of Connecticut and New 
Hampshire, respectively, but they passed 
their entire lives alter marriage in their Ver- 
mont home, having reared to maturity eight 
sons and four daughters, of whom two of 
the former and one of the latter are living at 
the present time. 

The youngest of the family, Albert B. 
Chandler, received his preliminary educa- 



tional discipline in t^he common schools and 
academy of his native town, and in his youth 
devoted his attention for a time to the trade 
of printer, working as a compositor in print- 
ing oflfices in Randolph and Montpelier dur- 
ing his school vacations. Finally, howicver, 
his efforts were directed along that line 
which eventually led him to a position of 
high relative distinction in connection with 
affairs of wide scope and importance. He 
began to learn the art of telegraphy in the 
office of the Vermont and Boston Telegraph 
Company at Randolph, this having been one' 
of the first companies organized to make 
practical use of the great invention of Pro- 
fessor Morse. In the summer of 1858 he 
went to Cleveland, Ohio, and from that time 
until the present his career has been. identi- 
fied with' the great telegraph interests of the 
country. In October of the year mentioned 
he was appointed manager of the office of 
the Western Union Telegraph Company at 
Bellaire, Ohio, and in February of the fol- 
lowing year was advanced to a position in 
the office of the superintendent of the Cleve- 
land & Pittsburg Railwlay, in the city of 
Pittsburg. 

On the 1st of June, 1863, Mr. Chandler en- 
tered the United States military telegraph 
service as cipher operator in the war depart- 
ment in the federal capital, and in October 
of that year, while continuing his duties in 
the capacity noted, he was appointed dis- 
bursing clerk for General Thomas T. Eck- 
ert, superintendent of the United States mili- 
tary telegraph, department of the Potomac. 
In these positions it was his good fortune 
to become personally accjuainted with Pres- 
ident Lincoln, Secretary Stanton and many 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



213 



other prominent government officials, both 
civil and military. 

In August, 1866, Mr. Chandler removed 
to New York city to accept the position of 
chief clerk in the office of the general super- 
intendent of the eastern division of the 
Western Union Telegraph Company, and he 
was also placed in charge of the trans-At- 
lantic cable traffic, which had been estab- 
lished only a short time previously. He was 
appointed a district superintendent of the 
Western Union Company in 1869, continu- 
ing until January, 1875, when he was ap- 
pointed assistant general manager of the At- 
lantic & Pacific Telegraph Company, of 
which he later became successively secre- 
tary, treasurer, director, vice-president and 
president. He was thus the chief executive 
of the company during the last three years 
of its existence, and until it wa$ merged in 
the Western Union Company in 1882. He 
was subsequentlv made president of the Ful- 
ler Electrical Company, which was among 
the first to develop the system of arc-light- 
ing. In 1884 he became counsel for the Pos- 
tal Telegraph Company, of which he later 
became receiver. Upon the reorganization 
of the company m 1886 Mr. Chandler was 
elected its president, and he was also ap- 
pointed general manager of the United Lines 
Telegraph Company, whose interests later 
became merged in those of the Postal Com- 
pany. He was president of the Postal Tele- 
graph Cable Company for fifteen years after 
its re-organization, which, under his able 
control and m.anagement, expanded vastly in 
extent and importance, now practically di- 
viding with the Western~TJnion the great 
bulk of the wonderful telegraph business of 



the country. He is a member of the board 
of directors and a vice-president of the Com- 
mercial Cable Company; a member of the 
directorate of the Pacific Postal Telegraph 
Company, the Brooklyn District Telegraph 
Company; the National Surety Company; 
the Federal Safe Deposit Company, and is 
also a director, vice-president and general 
manager of the New York Quotation Com- 
pany, which, chiefly through his efforts, 
came into control of the New York Stock 
Exchange in 1890, and which is employed 
by that institution for the distribution of its 
quotations among its members. It has been 
well said that "to his wisdom and sound 
judgment in conducting negotiations with 
rival, connecting and other companies and 
business establishments, the public largely 
owes the cheapness as well as efficiency of 
the telegraph service in America, which has 
reached a development far more than real- 
izing the most sanguine anticipations of Pro- 
fessor Morse and the pioneers of the tele- 
graph." 

"After forty-four years of continuous active 
service Mr. Chandler felt that a release from 
his heavy responsibilities was reasonable and 
right, and he therefore tendered his resigna- 
tion of the position of president of the Pos- 
tal Telegraph Cable Company, giving as his 
reason his need of rest, and also carrying 
out the view he had long entertained and 
often expressed, that when a man has 
achieved a reasonable, even though moder- 
ate, success, and has reached the age of three 
score years, the comparatively brief remain- 
der of his life should be occupied with other 
pursuits than the constant care of burden- 
some business. And, having cultivated 



2l4 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



other agreeable and useful employments 
during his active business life, he wag quite 
ready and anxious to act upon this view of 
his duty and privilege. But, while accepting 
his resignation as president, he was made 
chairman of the board of directors, which po- 
sition he now holds. While relieved of the- 
burden of all details and much of his pre- 
vious responsibility, he is still the wise coun- 
sellor to whom many matters of importance 
are referred." 

Mr. Chandler was chairman of the com- 
mittee which had in charge the erection of 
the magnificent building of the Pbstal Tele- 
graph Company in Broadway, New York, 
and the site of the structure w;as selected and 
secured by him. la 1897-98-99 he was presi- 
dent of the Sprague Electric Company, ex- 
tensive manufacturers of electrical machin- 
ery, .motors, railway controlling apparatus 
and elevators. I'he elevator branch of this 
company's business was transferred to the 
Otis Elevator Company in 1898, mainly 
through Mr. Chandler's efforts, and he then- 
became and has ever since been a member 
of the board of directors of the Otis Com- 
pany. 

In thus noting in brief the varied and im- 
portant interests which have felt the influ- 
ence and controlling hand of Mr. Chandler, 
it becomes evident that he is a man of great 
business and administrative capacity, and his 
powers of concentration and facility in the 
directing of innumerable details are almost 
phenomenal, since he at all times seems 
equal to meeting all contingencies, and to 
handling an amount of business which would 
be supposed naturally to demand the inter- 
position of three or more able executives. 



He has been most conspicuously identified 
with the history of thie electric telegraph in 
America and in the development of electrical 
industries which have proved of inestimable 
value, and his name will ever have prestige 
in this connection. Another review of his 
career speaks as follows : "Mr. Chandler has 
been particularly fortunate in his personal 
acquaintance with Professors Morse, Varley, 
Lord Kelvin, Edison, Bell, Sprague, and 
many others of the famous inventors of tele- 
graphic and electric appliances, and also 
with nearly all the prominent pioneers, cap- 
italists and business managers who have 
brought these inventions into usefulness. 
He is a man of remarkable" executive ability, 
of high intelligence, and of fine spirit, cour- 
teous, unostentatious, simple in his tastes, 
a lover of literature and music, a thorough 
and distinctive gentleman." 

Mr. Chandler has a fine residence in the 
city of Brooklyn, and his love for his old 
home and birthplace has never abated in the 
midst of the thronging cares and responsi- 
bilities of an exceptionally pctive and exact- 
ing business life, and in Randolph, Vermont, 
he has a most attractive summer home, 
while his public spirit and his interests in 
the town are shown in many beneficent 
ways. In politics he gives his allegiance to 
the Republican party, and that he maintains 
a close identification with his native state is 
shown in the fact that he served as aide-de- 
camp, with the rank of colonel, on the stafifs 
of both Governor Woodbury and Governor 
Grout, of Vermont, and also served as pres- 
ident of the Brooklyn Society of Vermonters 
for two terms, declining further re-election. 



HISTORY OK LONG ISLAND. 



215 



He is now president of the Magnetic Club in 
New York city. 

On the nth of October, 1864, Mr. Chand- 
ler was united in marriage to Miss Marilla 
Eunice Stedman, of Randolph, Vermont, and 
they became the parents of three children, 
namely: Florence, who died in childhood; 
Albert Eckert; and Willis Derwin. The 
sons are established in desirable business re- 
lations in New York, and give promise of 
future usefulness 



JAMES EDWARD DEAN. 

James Edward Dean, well known and popu- 
lar in social and club circles of Brooklyn, and 
of equally wide and favorable acquaintance in 
business circles of Manhattan, was born in 
Lowell, Massachusetts, in 1841. His parents 
were James and Sarah D. (Chase) Dean. 

After acquiring his education in the public 
schools he entered the field of commerce as an 
employe in the house of Reed, Chadwick & 
Dexter, of Boston, and his faithfulness and ca- 
pability led to his retention in that service for 
several years. In 1864 he went to New York 
with Edward E. Poor, when that gentleman 
began business in Manhattan, and, when the 
latter became a member of the firm of Denny, 
Jones & Poor, Mr. Dean went with him to the 
new4iouse and there remained until the forma- 
-tion of the firm of Denny, Poor & Co. after the 
death of Mr. Jones, with Mr. Dean later as a 
partner, and he remained active in the manage- 
ment of the house until his retirement from 
business in 1895. He was also a vice-president 
of the Dime Savings Bank of Brooklyn, and 
a director of the Passaic Print Works, and his 
business ability found expression in the ex- 



pansion of the house with which he was so 
long connected and which owed an era of pros- 
perity in large measure to him. He enlisted 
at twenty-four years of age as a private in the 
Forty-fourth Regiment A^assachusetts Volun- 
teers, in the Civil war, serving about a year, 
latterly on the stafif of General Stackpole. 
In 1867 Mr. Dean was married to Miss Isa- 




bel L. Sanderson, who survives him, together 
with their two daughters, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Porter and Mrs. Mabel D. Kalbfleisch. He 
was very fond of his home and devoted to the 
welfare of his wife and children. Of rather 
retiring disposition, his circle of friends was 
select rather than large, and yet he was a pop- 
ular member oi the Hamilton, Oxford, Brook- 
lyn and Players' Chibs, and the Merchants' 



216 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Club of New York. He greatly enjoyed a 
good story and delighted in telling one, and 
possessed a most kindly and genial disposition 
that won him the good will and friendship of 
many with whom he came in contact — a feeling 
which often developed into the stronger ties 
of friendship. At one time he was somewhat 
active in the political affairs of the borough, 
and he always took a public-spirited interest 
in whatever pertained to general progress and 
substantial improvement. He was a very 
charitable man in a quiet, unostentatious way. 
He was a vestryman in Dr. Baker's Episcopal 
Church, Church of, the Messiah, Brooklyn, N. 
Y., vestryman at one time, and until ill health 
prevented was an active worker in the church. 
His death occurred January 22, 1904. 



WILLIAM HENRY WILLIAMS, M. D. 

In the death of Dr. William H. Williams, 
of Brooklyn, New York, the medical profes- 
sion was deprived of one of its old and most 
distinguished physicians. For more than half 
a century h^njftas an active practitioner of the 
city, and an associate of the leading men of 
his profession throughout the country. He 
was born in Clinton, Middlesex county, Con- 
necticut, January 9, 1822, of an old English 
line, on the homestead which came to the 
family by direct grant in the early history of 
our country. 

During his early life he acquired a thor- 
ough and practical education in the public 
schools of his native town, and subsequently 
pursued a course of study in medicine at the 
Yale Medical School in New Haven, Connecti- 
cut, from which institution he was graduated 
m the class of 1847, ^^ being then in the 



twenty-sixth year of his age. , In March, 1847, 
Dr. Williams established an office for the ac- 
tive practice of his chosen calling in Brook- 
lyn, New York, and his skill and ability as a 
physician, combined with his earnestness and 
devotion to the v/elfare of his patients, soon 
gained for him a large patronage and he be- 
came well known throughout an extended area 
in South Brooklyn, including what were at. 
that time the villages of Gowanus, Bay Ridge 
and New Utrecht, but it was not until after 
the outbreak of yellow fever in the year 1856, 
that his ability was publicly recognized. The 
skill, promptness and courage with which he 
met this terrible crisis won general confidence 
and placed him among the leading members of 
the medical profession in the city. He con- 
tinued throughout his career to be a general 
practitioner of high standing, was a represen- 
tative type of the old school, and by the exer- 
cise of his many noble characteristics inspired 
confidence in not only , his patients, but all 
those who came in contact with him and es- 
pecially his fellow members in the medical 
profession, among whom he had many close 
personal friends, the principal ones having 
been the late Dr. McClellan and the late Dr. 
Squibb of Brooklyn, New York. Dr. Wil- 
liams continued in active practice up to a 
few years prior to his death, but even in those 
latter years there was a small circle of his old 
patients who still had such confidence in his 
judgment that they sought his practical medi- 
cal advice, and thus it may be stated that he 
actually practiced in his profession until his 
final confinement to his room. He was a per- 
manent member of the American Medical As- 
sociation, an original member of the New 
York State Medical Association and one of the 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



217 



founders of the Kings County Medical Asso- 
ciation. 

Dr. Williams possessed a genial disposi- 
tion and polished bearing, accompanied with 
a modest and possibly a too retiring manner; 
his actions always bespoke dignity, and he 
inspired all with whom he came in contact 
with his integrity and sincerity. His devo- 
tion to his profession in all its details was deep 
and lasting, and his high ideal of morality and 
straightforwardness placed him in a prominent 
position in the religiotts circle in which hfi 
moved. He was repeatedly consulted on mor- 
al and ^thical questions, especially in his lat- 
ter years, and his pastor often expressed his 
sincere gratification in having been free to 
consult and advise with him on many ethical 
points. 

Dr. Williams was iinited in marriage, in 
1877, to Susanna T. Foote, daughter of Dr. 
Anson Foote of Guilford, New Haven county, 
Connecticut, who survives him; Dr. Wil- 
liams died at his residence, 207 Seventeenth 
street, Brooklyn, New 'York, January 3, 1902, 
at die age of seventy-nine years. The sin- 
cere regard and warm attachment which his 
friends and patients entertained for him was 
impressively demonstrated at his funeral ser- 
vices, which were held at his late residence on 
Monday evening, January 6, 1902, when a 
large gathering of mourners in all stations of 
life assembled to do honor to and pay their 
last respects to his memory. 



HON. JOSEPH CLIFFORD HENDRIX. 

Hon. Joseph Clifford Hendrix, whose ability 
rendered him a natural leader of men and a 
molder of public thought and action and yet 



whose natural reserve prompted him to live a 
personal seclusion so that not the man but his 
work was known in Brooklyn, nevertheless 
left behind a monument to his active and use- 
ful career in an improved postoffice service 
and an educational system such as Brooklyn 
had not hitherto enjoyed and the effects of 
which are most beneficially felt. 
■• In the veins of his more remote ancestry 
flowed the blood of the Scotch and the Dutch 
races, and at an early epoch in American his- 
tory the family was established in the new 
world, where the name has since figured prom- 
inently in the church and in connection with 
educational progress. His father, Adam Hen- 
drix, was a divine of the' Methodist church 
connected for many years with the ministry 
of Missouri, and alsO' prominent in financial 
circles there, while his brother, Eugene Rus- 
sell Hendrix, is a bishop of the Methodist 
church South of the same state. 

A strong intellectuality and his natural en- 
dowments were quickened by the mental proc- 
esses of superior educational training. He 
was born in Fayette, Missouri, May 25, 1853, 
and received academic instruction in Central 
College, a classical institution of his native 
city, while his early business training was re- 
ceived along banking lines under the direc- 
tion of his father. Desirous of enjoying fur- 
ther educational privileges, however, he en- 
tered Cornell University at Ithaca, New York, 
spending three years as a student in that in- 
stitution and afterward becoming one of its 
life trustees. Following his graduation he 
entered the field of journalism in New York 
city on the reportorial staff of the New York 
Sun. He wielded a facile pen, and his ability 
won him much editorial license and gained 



218 



HISTORY OF. LONG ISLAND. 



him various promotions in connection with 
that paper. He was in charge of these inter- 
ests in Brooklyn when called to public life in 
1882 by appointment as a member of the board 
of education. 

For a number of years Mr. Hendrix con- 
tinued in active connection with the manage- 
ment of the public-school system of Brooklyn 
and his labors were of a most beneficfal anc^ 
practical character. He was both an idealist 
and an opportunist, an idealist in his ends, an 
opportunist in his methods. His ambition was 
to leave the schools better than he found them, 
and while he worked toward the highest and 
best in the system of public instruction he had 
the rare judgment and business discrimination 
that enabled him to use the means at hand to- 
v/ard this end. His efforts stood the practical 
test and to-day there are in the educational 
system of Brooklyn many evidences of his 
efficient labor, mcluding the free book system, 
the plan of isolated classrooms, the training 
of teachers, the development of secondary edu- 
cation, of which he was a most practical ad- 
voc"te, securing more than a half million dol- 
lars' appropriation for its advancement, the 
elevation of the standard of the examinations, 
for' better salaries graduated by years of ex- 
perience, the assignment of experienced teach- 
ers to the lower primary grades and a most ef- 
fective method of getting rid of poor teachers. 
During his incumbency as president of the 
board of education Brooklyn's school system 
enjoyed an era of progressiveness that has 
resvilted in an increase of efficiency. ' He had 
remarkable insight into the tasks of teachers, 
their possibilities and obstacles, and his sym- 
pathy with them took the practical form of 
efficient aid. He lectured twice before the 



Teachers' Association and in public addresses 
on several occasions displayed natural famil- 
iarity with the details of class work as well as 
of administration. 

The year following Mr. Hendrix's appoint- 
ment to a position on the school board he was 
nominated by the Democracy of Brooklyn for 
the position of mayor, and as the opposing 
candidate of Seth Low was defeated by only 
eighteen hundred votes, although the normal 
Republican majority was much greater. For 
a number of years, however, he continued in 
the service of the borough, being appointed a 
trustee of the New York and Brooklyn bridge 
and for a short time acting as secretary of the 
board. In 1886 he was appointed by President 
Cleveland to the position of postmaster of 
Brooklyn, and rendered such signal and ef- 
fective service in revolutionizing methods and 
improving the mail department of the city that 
Postmaster General James, although a repre- 
sentative of the opposing political party, said 
of him, ■■'He is the ideal postmaster of the 
present day." His incumbency covered four 
years. He was again called to active public 
service by election to Congress. His retire- 
ment from public life deprived Brooklyn of 
one of its ablest and most representative men, 
a man of high ideals in citizenship, of lofty 
principles and of unquestioned devotion to the 
general good. 

In financial circles Joseph Hendrix again 
won for himself a position of prominence that 
linked his name with the leaders of many in- 
terests of the American metropolis. He be- 
came a director in several financial institutions 
of Brooklyn, was one of the organizers of a 
trust company of this borough and became 
president of the Kings County Trust Com- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



221 



pany, a flourishing institution with capital and 
surplus amounting to eight hundred thousand 
dollars. He was also president of the Banl< 
of Commerce in Manhattan, and at the time 
of his death figured as one of the leading finan- 
ciers of the country, his elevation to high po- 
sitions coming in direct recognition of his su- 
perior business attainments and ability. 

Moreover, Joseph C. Hendrix was a scholar, 
the studious habits of his college days going 
with him through life and he kept abreast 
with the best thinking men of the age, giving 
earnest consideration tO' the -great financial, 
social and moral problems which affect the 
welfare of mankind and leave their impress 
upon the history of the world. He was a 
ready writer, presenting every subject with a 
clearness and force that was evidenc of an 
honest conviction and thorough mastery of his 
subject. He possessed a mind of natural re- 
finement, great breadth and keen insight, and 
he preferred the pleasures of companionship 
with the master minds of his library rather 
than active participation in the social or public 
life of the borough. • Like most men who 
walked through life on a higher plane his 
companionship was select rather than large, 
and yet he had full recognition of the social 
obligations and duties of citizenship, nor was 
he ever amiss in his discharge thereof. He de- 
served to be ranked with the learned men 
of Brooklyn and enjoyed theil: full respect 
and regard, yet a constitutional reserve was 
manifest in a modesty of thought and de- 
meanor that prevented him from placing 
himself in the class accorded him by others. 
He died November 9, 1904, and it was said 
that " Brooklyn has lost in him a citizen 
of integrity, a scholar of knowledge, dignity. 



research and refinement, a speaker of candor, 
force, sincerity and power. Few men in 
Brooklyn equalled in ability and none ex- 
ceeded him in independence of thought and 
action. Nothing can be said of him with 
truth that does not recognize his power, his in- 
tegrity, his self-respect, his learning and his 
public spirit. Journalists, financiers, scholars 
and statesmen of the various rank recognize 
his high qualities, respect his reserve, were 
aided by his counsel and came to regard him 
not only with confidence but with a warm per- 
sonal regard." 



CHARLES ALBERT HOYT. 

The death of Charles Albert Hoyt, which 
occurred at the residence of his son in Pasa- 
dena, California, April 18, 1903, removed 
from the borough of Brooklyn, New York, 
one of its foremost citizens, a man who lent 
his influence freely to those objects which 
naturally appeal to those who possess the 
advantages conferred by education and for- 
tune. The success he attained in life was 
due entirely to his industry and integrity, 
and his career was a living illustration of 
w'hat ability, energy and force of character 
can accomplish. 

He was born in Burlington, Vermont, 
July 27, 1839, a son of the Rev. William H. 
and Anne (Deming) Hoyt, the former- 
named having beeft rector of the Episcopal 
Church at St. Albans, Vermont, 1838-46, and 
larter a Catholic priest in New York city. 
On the paternal side his descent is traced 
from John Ho3't, one of the earliest settlers 
of Salisbury and Amesbury, Massachusetts 
(1638). Some of his ancestors distinguished 



222 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



themselves in Revolutionary days. A branch 
of the family found a foothold among the 
hills of Nev/ Hampshire, where General 
Daniel Hoyt, an active and prominent mem- 
ber of the Anti-Slavery Society, and an inti- 
mate friend of William Lloyd Garrison, was 
on several occasions the "Free Soil" or "Lib- 
erty'' candidate for governor of that great 
commonwealth. He was elected to the state 
legislature to represent his native town.no 
less than fifteen times, and was elected sev- 
eral times to the state senate and the gov- 
ernor's council. On the maternal side he 
traces his ancestry to John Deming, one of 
the first settlers of Weathersfield, Connecti- 
cut (1635), and one of the patentees of the 
Connecticut charter granted by Charles II. 
in 1662. His great-grandfather. Captain 
Pownal Deming, was an officer in the Con- 
tinental army from April, 1775, to June, 1783. 
John -Fay, who was killed at the battle of 
Bennington, August 16, 1777, was also his 
great-grandfather, and he was a lineal de- 
scendant of Edw;arcl Fuller, a passenger on 
the "Mayflower" I'n 1620. 

Charles A. Hoyt acquired a thorough 
knowledge of the elementary branches of ed- 
ucation at the academies in Burlington and 
St. Albans, Vermont. He entered the Uni- 
versity oi Vermont as a sophomore in Jan- 
uary, 1856, and was graduated therefrom two 
and a half years later. He also attended 
Georgetown (D. C.) College, and from both 
these institutions received the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts. For 
about a year following his graduation he 
read law; with Judge Asa O. Aldis, a gradu- 
ate of the University of Vermont, 1829, and 
later privately in New York city. He as- 



sisted his father in newspaper work in Bur- 
lington, Vermont, and in 1857 came to New 
York. Early in the sixties he engaged in 
the rubber trade as an employee of the firm 
of Poppenhusen & Konig, which controlled 
the Goodyear hard rubber patents. About 
the year 1873 he acquired a partnership in 
the business, and later occupied the posi- 
tions of treasurer of the India Rubber Comb 
Company, and trustee of the American Hard 
Rubber Company of New York. 

Mr. Hoyt became a resident of Brooklyn 
in 1867, locating in the first ward, at 15 
Pierrepont street, where his widow now re- 
sides. He was a man of high character and 
generous impulses, and those intimately ac- 
quainted with him could not fail to recognize 
his scholarly spirit and the fine enthusiasm 
which gave color to his thinking and his 
projects. He presented to the University of 
Vermont the portrait of Ira Allen, which 
adorns the central hall of the Billings Li- 
brary, and other tokens of his unfailing in- 
terest in his. Alma Mater were his gifts of 
rare volumes which he sent from time to 
time. He was a prominent and honored 
member of the Society of Cincinnati, Union 
League Club of New York City, New York 
Chamber of Commerce, New York Press 
Club, of which he was a life member, Hamil- 
ton Club of Brooklyn, Society of Mayflower 
Descendants, Order of Founders and Patri- 
ots, Sons of the American Revolution, Long 
Island Historical Society, and the Mer- 
chants' Club Round Table of New York, 
wiliich is composed of the" leading dry goods 
men of New Yor'-. He was one of the found- 
ers and a director of the Gefrman-American 
Insurance Company and a trustee, in the 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



223 



Brooklyn Homeopathic Hospital, and the 
Brooklyn Savings Bank. His personal qual- 
ities were those which mark ' the cultured 
gentleman, and he enjoyed the confidence 
and esteem of all with whom he wlas asso- 
ciated, whether m social affairs or business 
concerns. 

Mr. Hoyt married, October 14, 1862, Miss 
Julia H. Sherman, of Hanover, New Hamp- 
shire, who, with a son living at Pasadena, 
California, survives him. Mrs. Hoyt traces 
her ancestry to the Pilgrim fathers. 

■Mr. Hoyt was m failing health for several 
years prior to his death, April 18, 1903. He 
spent his winters in California, and his sum- 
mers in Burlington, Vermont, and in New 
Hampshire. The funeral services wtere con- 
ducted in St. Mary's Cathedral, Burlington, 
Vermont. The requiem mass was sung by the , 
Rt. Rev. Mgr. Cloarec, V. G., and those in 
the sanctuary besides the celebrant were the 
Rt. Rev. J. S. Michaud, the Rev. P. J. Bar- 
rett and the Rev. C. C. Delany. The funeral 
oration was pronounced by the Rev. P. J. 
Barrett, who, referring to the death of Laz- 
arus and the sorrow of the Divine Saviour 
on that occasion, took for his text, "Behold 
How He Loved Him." The reverend speak- 
er said, among other things: 

"That the life of the deceased was an im- 
pressive example of how a successful career 
is not incompatible with a thoroughly virtu- 
ous and religious life, a rare flower in the gar- 
den of life, a priceless jewel in the crown of 
humanity, a hidden gem in the restless ocean 
of the business world. He recalled some of 
the instances of the deeds of charity so re- 
markably characteristic of the deceased, who 
loved to have the right hand unaware of that 



which the left hatid gave, and who seeming- 
ly preferred to glittering monuments raised 
by the hands of men as marking his good 
deeds, to have them written on the eternal 
pages of the book of life. He drew a beautiful 
parallel between the relatives and friends of 
the departed, and those who held Lazarus so 
dear to them, among whose mourners there 
was found no less a personage than the 
eternal Son of God, Our Redeemer, who 
wept over his friend's remains. In the pres- 
ent instance, however, our tears of sorrow 
are not unmixed with pearls of consolation, 
for we know!, as all those who were acquaint- 
ed with Charles A. Hoyt were bound to rec- 
ognize that he was a man of sterling charac- 
ter, an upright Christian, and a practical and 
stanch son of the Catholic church, and we 
feel certain that his numberless good deeds 
and his rare virtues have been crow,ined by 
the Heavenly Father with that reward meted 
out to the 'goo'd and faithful servant.' But 
as eveii angels are not found without blem- 
ish in the sight of the infinite purity of the 
Eternal, we shall still remember the soul of 
this departed good man in our prayers and 
supplications to the Most High, and say 
again and again, 'Eternal rest give unto him, 
O Lord, and let perpetual light shine upon 
him.' " 

The floral offerings were beautiful and 
profuse. Interment was ma'de in the family 
plot in St. Joseph's cemetery, J. Warren 
Roberts being in charge of the arraiige- 
ments. When the news of Mr. Hoyt's death 
reached Brooklyn, the flags on several of the 
business blocks were hung at half-mast, also 
on the Long Island Historical building, the 
Hamilton Club and the Brooklyn Savings 
Bank. 



224 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



GEORGE H. ROBERTS. 

George H. Roberts, postmaster of Brooklyn, 
is a native of the state of New York, born 
in Rochester, in 1852. When he was ten 
years of age his parents removed to St. Louis, 
Missouri, where he continued his elementary 
studies, which had been begun in his native 
city. He came to Brooklyn when fourteen 
years old, and entered the Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, and subsequently spent a year in study 
in Dresden, Germany. In 1873, the year in 
which he attained his majority, he returned 
to Brooklyn, and took employment with Rob- 
erts & Collins, flour merchants of New York. 
Some years later he succeeded his namesake 
uncle, George H. Roberts, as a member of the 
firm, and also became a member of the New 
York Produce Exchange. 

A Republican in politics, Mr. Roberts has 
long been active in support of the principles 
and policies of his party, and occupied a posi- 
tion of acknowledged leadership in its coun- 
cils, in both state and nation. He was a dele- 
gate to the Republican national convention in 
St. Louis, giving support with all the earnest- 
ness of his nature to the candidacy of Major 
William McKinley, and he also sat in the 
convention in Philadelphia, where he labored 
for the renomination of the same eminent 
statesman, for whom he had ever cherished 
sentiments of particular respect and confi- 
dence, regarding him as a man of singular 
purity of character and far more than ordinary 
ability in the field of national legislation and 
diplomacy. The value of Mr. Roberts' ser- 
vices in the work of organization and cam- 
paign management found recognition in his 
appointment to the chairmanship of the Re- 
publican city committee of Greater New York, 



a position in which he acquitted himself with 
conspicuous usefulness, and from which he 
gracefully retired by resignation when he en- 
tered upon his duties as postmaster. His ap- 
pointment to the last-named office was under 
circumstances which Mr. Roberts may justly 
view v/ith pride so long as he may live. Not 
only a political supporter of Major McKin- 
ley, but upon close terms of personal friend- 
ship with him, Mr. Roberts was near the per- 
son of the distinguished man on that fateful 
day, September 6, 1901, having gone to Buf- 
falo for the purpose of paying his respects. It 
was upon that occasion, and only a short time 
before he was prostrated by the bullet of the 
assassin, that President McKinley for the last 
time expressed his intention to appoint Mr. 
Roberts to the Brooklyn postmastership, not 
only in recognition of his services to the party 
with which both were prominently connected, 
but out of considerations of genuine personal 
regard. Major McKinley did not live to carry 
his intention into effect, but his distinguished 
successor, President Roosevelt, with loyal re- 
gard to the wish of the deceased president, 
made the appointment of Mr. Roberts one of 
his first executive acts, and the senate prompt- 
ly confirmed the same, in December, 1901. A 
thoroughly equipped man of affairs, and gov- 
erned by a healthy sentimental regard for the 
city with which he has been identified during 
his entire business career, Mr. Roberts has ac- 
quitted himself with unsurpassable ability, and 
has the satisfaction of knowing that he enjoys 
the appreciative regard of the business and 
social community as well as of the postoffice 
department for his accomplishments in the im- 
provement of the local mail service in all its 
various departments. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



225 



Mr. Roberts is a charter member of the old 
FrankHn Literary Society, and is prominently 
identified with the Union League Club and the 
Marme and Field Club, and is a trustee of 
Emanuel Baptist church. He was married in 
1878 and has two children — a son, who is a 
sophomore at Yale College, and a daughter, 
who is a graduate of Vassar College. 



CAPTAIN WILLIAM J. HERRING. 

Captain William J. Herring was a lifelong 
resident of Brooklyn, and at the time of his 
death was the senior officer in the United 
States revenue service. His life history if 
written in detail would be a story in many re- 
spects more wonderful than fiction ; for he had 
some most interesting experiences in his long 
naval career, facing at times great peril as he 
unfalteringly and unflinchingly performed his 
duty as a defender of his country. Patriotic 
and sincere in his love for the stars and stripes, 
he fought for the old flag and the cause it 
represented in the Civil war, and then entered 
the revenue service with which he was 'con- 
nected until his death. Throughout these 
years he maintained his residence in Brooklyn, 
where he left many warm friends to mourn 
his loss. 

Captain Herring was born in Brooklyn, and 
when his education, of a more specifically Ht- 
erary character, had been acquired in the pub- 
lic schools, he entered the Annapolis Naval 
Academy, from which he graduated. Soon 
afterward, attracted by the discovery of gold • 
in California, he went to the mining districts 
on the Pacific coast, and faced the experiences 
Vifhich constitute one of the most interesting 
chapters of our American history — the settle- 



ment di the great west and the acquirement of 
its riches for the uses of civilization. With 
the outbreak of the Civil war, however, Cap- 
tain Herring put aside business cares and per- 
sonal ambitions in order to aid' in the preserva- 
tion of the Union, and enlisted in the navy, 
being assigned to duty with the southern 
blockading squadron. When the war ended 
he entered the government revenue service, 
with which he was connected up to the time 
of his death, and when he passed away was 
the senior oiScer in that governmental de- 
partment. Promotion had come to him 
through successive stages in recognition of 
his fidelity and capability, and he enjoyed the 
unqualified regard of all whO' y^^ere in any 
degree familiar with his record as a govern- 
ment official and as a private citizen. He was 
stationed for many years on the Pacific coast, 
and during 1900, while cruising off Alaska, he 
rescued one hundred and eighty Klondike 
milkers who had taken refuge on an island, 
their vessel having proved unseaworthy. He 
was also one of the Greeley relief party, serv- 
ing as first lieutenant on the Bear. His ex- 
perience as a naval officer were of a varied 
character and brought to him an intimate 
knowledge of the coast sections of America. 
During the last years of his service he was 
stationed at the barge office in New York, 
and was at his post in the revenue department 
on Wednesday preceding his death, which oc- 
curred on the. 13th of October, 1902. There 
was thus no long period of inactivity to fol- 
low a useful and honorable career, his labors 
in behalf of his country, which he had served 
so long and well, being continued almost to 
the very end. 

In early manhood Captain Herring was 



226 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



united in marriage to^ Miss Catherine Rupp, 
and to them were born two daughters, Lillie 
B. and Addie, who with the mother survive. 
The Captain was a valued member of lolanthe 
Council, R. A. ; of the Knights of Honor ; and 
of Grant Post No. 327, G. A. R. Strong in- 
tellectuality, marked individuality, a genial, 
courteous manner and an appreciative under- 
standing of the worth of- others, made him 
popular with a large circle of friends, with 
his comrades in the revenue service and with 
those who were under his direction. He died 
in the Hospital of Johns Hopkins University, 
at Baltimore, whither he had gone for the pur- 
pose of having an operation performed upon 
his eye, which had been injured by an explod- 
ing shell while he was engaged in a sea fight 
off Charleston in the Civil war. His remains 
were brought back to Brooklyn for interment 
and laid to rest with military honors, the casket 
being draped with the flag under which he 
had so long and faithfully served, while at the 
grave the marines fired a last volley. The 
term.s progress, and patriotism might be con- 
sidered the keynotes of his character, for at all 
times he was actuated by fidelity to his coun- 
try and her welfare. He was a representative 
of our best type of American manhood and his 
career was an honor to the city in which he 
was born and which he always made his home. 



WILLIAM EDWARD WHITE. 

William Edward White, for many years a 
highly respected citizen of Brooklyn, New 
York, identified for nearly half a century 
with the commercial, religious and social in- 
terests of that city, was descended from an 
old Massachusetts family which traces its de- 
scent through the following generations : 



Thomas White (i), the founder of the 
American branch of the family, came from 
England early in the seventeenth century and 
founded the town of Weymouth, Massachu- 
setts. He was admitted as a freeman in 

1635- 

Joseph White (2), son of Thomas (i), was 
an ancestor concerning whom no details have 
reached us beyond the fact that he was the 
second in order of descent from the emigrant 
colonizer. 

Joseph White (3), son of Joseph (2), was 
evidently a man of consequence in the com- 
munity, as we are told that he held the office 
of selectman. These three generations of 
colonial ancestors were all brave soldiers as 
well as good citizens, being prominent in the 
Indian and Colonial wars. 

Jesse White (4), son of Joseph (3), was 
active in the Revolutionary period. He was 
one of the minute-men at Lexington, and later 
served in the Continental army under two en- 
listments, with the i-ank of sergeant. He was 
chosen by the town of Northbridge, Massa- 
chusetts, to secure recruits for the Revolu- 
tionary, army, and later sufifered imprison- 
ment at the hands of the British. 

Washington White (5), son of Jesse (4), 
was born in Northbridge, Massachusetts, and 
was a very influential citizen, taking an ac- 
tive part in politics and in all public affairs. 
He filled the office of justice of the peace, and 
was twice elected to the State legislature. He 
married Lydia Murdock Taft, who came of 
noted Rhode Island ancestry. Several of the 
family, including a father and son, both of 
whom bore the name of Orrin, were mayors 
of the city of Providence. 

William Edward White (6), son" of Wash- 




Xcf ^i/T^S- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



229 



ington (5) and Lydia Murdock (Taft) White, 
was born March 9, 1839, in Northbridge, 
Massachusetts, where he received a common 
school education, afterward attending the high 
school. In 1857 he came to New York and 
found employment with the wholesale mil- 
linery firm of Aklrich, Ahrens & Co. With 
this establishment he remained for years, and 
in course of time was admitted into the firm, 
his faithfulness and ability thus receiving 
merited • recognition. He finally rose to the 
position of head of the firm, which was thence- 
forth known as WilHam E. White &,Co. In 
1897 1''^ retired from business. 

In 1888 Mr. White became a member of 
Christ Protestant Episcopal Church, in which 
be served three terms as a vestryman. He 
was a member of the executive committee of 
the Brooklyn Association for Improving the 
Condition of the Poor, and was chairman of 
his ward for fifteen years. He was very lib- 
eral, and always gave much time to charitable 
work, but, after his retirement from business 
and settlement in a permanent place of abode, 
it might be said that he devoted all his leisure 
to benevolent labors. He was d,cmestic in na- 
ture, and the soul of hospitality. 

Mr. White married, June 16, 1863, Julia L., 
daughter of Charles S. Miller, of New York, 
who was a member of an old family of East- 
hampton. Long Island. The will of an an- 
cestor, William Miller, is recorded in the first 
volume of wills in New York city. Mr. and 
Mrs. White were the parents of one daughter, 
who became the wife of Willis Mott Moore, 
vice-president and treasurer of the Lefferts & 
MoTse Company, and a member of the Seventh 
Regiment, New York National Guard, to 
which he has belonged for twelve years, Mrs. 



Moore is a Daughter of the Revolution, and 
has claims which would entitle her to admis- 
sion to the Society of Colonial Dames. Mr. 
White was deeply interested in everything re- 
lating to the past history and present develop- 
ment of the community in which he resided, 
and it was this feeling, joined to literary ap- 
preciation, which led him to become a member 
of the Long Island Historical Society, with 
which he was connected up to the time of his 
death. 

Mr. White's useful and beneficent career 
came to an end June 6, 1902. His loss was 
deeply felt and sincerely mourned by his fam- 
ily, his near friends, the church with which 
he had been connected, and the community 
among whom he had so long lived, setting the 
example of ability, honesty and success in 
business, and of uprightness, benevolence and 
kindliness in all the relations of life. 

Governor Taft, of the Philippines, is a 
cousin of Mr. White, another of whose cousins 
was the Rev. Henrv Ward Beecher. 



GEORGE NICHOLS. 

George Nichols, whose business activity 
was a stimulus in several important industrial 
and financial enterprises of Brooklyn and who 
was one o-f the old and highly respected resi- 
dents of the eastern district, figured for nearly 
fifty years in public affairs in that locality, and 
his efforts in behalf of community interests 
were so far-reaching and beneficial that his 
death was regarded as a public bereavement in 
the old town of Williamsburg. 

Mr! Nichols was born in Hudson, New 
York, on the 8th of February, 18 18, and his 
early privileges were not superior to those 



230 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



that most lads enjoy, but he reaHzed the value 
and force of perseverence, diligence and keen 
discrimination in the business world and by 
the exercise of these qualities he won the dis- 
tinction which a successful self-made man en- 
joys. He was Brooklyn's pioneer manufac- 
turer of gas chandeliers, conducting an estab- 
lishment on Boerum street for more than six 
decades, and at the time of his death he was 
the only surviving member of the once promi- 
nent firm of Fellows, Hoffman & Company. 
As his business success made him well known 
his co-operation was sought in other lines of 
activity, and he became a charter member and 
a director of the Dime Savings Bank of Will- 
iamsburg, serving as one of its trustee from 
its inception in June, 1864. 

Political and fraternal interests claimed his 
attention and co-operation, and for &■ long 
period he was a member of the First Baptist 
church of Williamsburg, taking an active part 
in its work and living a life in consistent har- 
mony with its teachings. His investigation 
concerning political questions of the day led to 
unfaltering allegiance given the Republican 
party, and he became recognized as one of its 
strong workers in local ranks. He also be- 
longs to the Masonic fraternity and to the Odd 
Fellows society. 

Mr. Nichols' wife died about 1894 of apo- 
plexy. There are five living daughters : Mrs. 
H. F. Holden, Mrs. Jennie A. Smith, Mrs. 
William Chaphn, Mrs. Abbie C. Smith and 
Mrs. Otto B. Candidus. He died at his home 
at No. 524 Willoughby avenue at the age of 
eighty-six years, and at a special meeting of 
the board of directors of the Dime Savings 
Bank, of Wdliamsburg, resolutions of regret 
were adopted and, having been engrossed, a 
copy was sent to his daughter, Mrs. Candidus. 



Hugh d. mcIntyre. 

Hugh D. McIntyre, deceased, who for many 
years was one of the most popular and best 
kn0'\yn representatives of track interests in the 
United States, was born at Prescott, Canada, 
June 29, 1844. His father, a native of Scot- 
land, engaged in the practice of medicine in 
Prescott, but in his boyhood days Hugh D. 
McIntyre became a resident of New York city, 
where he learned the printer's trade, which he 
followed for a number of years. His active 
connection with joLirnalistic interests was 
marked by steady progress and advancement, 
and he ultimately became a writer in Wilkes' 
Spirit of the Times. Later he went to Wash- 
ington, D. C, where he entered the printing 
business, but after a brief period he became 
identified with the Bennings race track of 
Washington, where his excellent qualifications 
in connection with the management there 
brought him into prominence in track circles. 
Winning the attention of Philip Dwyer, he ac- 
cepted the position offered by Mr. Dwyer to 
become secretary of the Brooklyii track, and 
for fifteen years he occupied that position, 
continuing iii charge up to the time of his 
death. He was a man of great popularity and 
thoroughly informed himself concerning every 
matter of interest in track circles. He had, 
too, excellent business and executive ability, 
and the success of the Brooklyn running track 
was largely attributable to his efforts through 
the fifteen years of his identification there- 
with. He was also connected with the Aque- 
duct and Saratoga,, tracks. 

Mr. Mclntyre's wife survives him and lives 
in Brooklyn, where their home was established 
in 1886 and where he remained continuously 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



231 



up to the time of his death in 1903. He was 
a member of Port Green Council of the Royal 
Arcanum and Jerusalem Council of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity at Washington. His business 
connection gained him a wide acquaintance, 
and his many excellent traits of character 
gained him the favorable regard of all. 



PETER J. BUNGART. 

Peter J. Bungart, deceased, a varnish man- 
ufacturer widely known to the American 
trade, and for almost a half century a resi- 
dent of Brooklyn, was born in Germany, and 
was a lad of ten years when brought to the 
United States. He lived to the age of sixty- 
one years, and spent the greater part of the 
intervening years in Brooklyn, where, his edu- 
cation having been completed in the public 
schools, he entered business life. 

Learning the trade of manufacturing var- 
nish, his close application to the duties en- 
trusted to him and his ready mastery of his 
tasks won him consecutive promotions until 
he was made superintendent of the large var- 
nish factory of Mayer & Lewenstein, occupy- 
ing that position for many years, or until he 
resigned in order to establish and operate a 
plant of his own. As proprietor of the Green- 
point Varnish Works, at No. 295 Greenpoint 
avenue, he became well known in business 
circles in Brooklyn and to the trade of the 
country, and the product of his house found a 
ready sale on the market because of its excel- 
lence, resulting from practical training' and 
long experience in the business. In his com- 
mercial career he advanced from humble 
surroundings to a position of affluence, through 
the exercise of those qualities of- persever- 
ance, untiring energy and practical common 



sense which form the basis of all business 
progress. 

Mr. Bungart was prominent and honored in 
Masonic circles in Brooklyn, being an exem- 
plary representative of the craft. He was a 
past master of Star of Hope Lodge, No. 232, 
F. and A. M. ; belonged to Altair Chapter, 




No. 237, R. A. M. ; St. Elmo Commandery, 
No. 57, K'. T., of which he was a past emi- 
nent commander ; Kismet Temple of the An- 
cient Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine; Brooklyn Masonic Veterans, and the 
Templar Knights Commanders Association. 



THOMAS STACK. 

For many years a veteran shipbuilder of the 
eastern district of Brooklyn, Thomas Stack 



232 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



devoted his entire life to a business in which 
he rose from a most humble position to one 
of prominence, and as the president of the 
Shipbuilders' Mutual Association, was widely 
known to the representatives of that industry. 
Born in Canada, his interest from earliest 
boyhood centered in the shipbuilding trade, and 
when a mere lad he found his greatest enjoy- 
ment in visiting the large shipbuilding yards 
in the St. Lawrence river. When but twelve 
years of age he became a resident of New 
York, and at that time entered business life 
as an apprentice to the trade for which he had 
manifested a special predilection. He entered 
the employ of the firm of Brown & Bell on 
South street in Manhattan, builders of many 
of the famous clipper ships of the nineteenth 
century, some of which are still in use in the 
waters around New York. The close applica- 
tion of the boy, his deep interest in his work 
and his mechanical ingenuity won the recogni- 
tion of his employers and led to his consecu- 
tive and rapid advancement until he had be- 
come a thorough master of his trade in a 
period much less than is usually required to 
master the shipbuilder's art. Ceasing to be an 
employe he entered business life on his own 
account by the establishment of a yard on the 
shore of the East river at the end of North 
Seventh street in Williamsburg. The place 
was then known as Santord Beach and was a 
favorite summer resort. Mr. Stack was not 
only proficient in the field of his chosen labor, 
but had to compete with such well known ship- 
builders as John English and Samuel Free, of 
Greenpoint. He soon gained a good share of 
the public patronage, however, and built many 
vessels of wooden construction, some of which 
are still in use. Flis nephew, James D. Leary, 



became an apprentice under Mr. Stack, who 
eventually made him foreman and afterward 
superintendent of the business. In the high 
tide of his prosperity Mr. Stack inade judi- 
cious investment of his capital so that in 
his later years he was able to live in retirement 
from business. As population increased in 
Brooklyn and its outlying districts and great 
productive industries of various characters 
were there established, the shipbuilding trade 
was gradually transferred to Maine and Mr. 
Stack then retired from business, but his in- 
terest in that vocation never abated, and on 
many occasions after his withdrawal from ac- 
tive business life he left his home to witness 
the launching of some of the largest vessels 
on the Atlantic coast. 

At one time Mr. Stack was the president of 
the Shipbuilders' Mutual Association. He 
also served as chairman of the Friendly Sons 
of St. Patrick and was connected with other 
fraternal and social organizations, including 
the famous Nassau Club. He possessed a so- 
cial, genial nature that rendered him popular 
among those with whom he thus came in con- 
tact. Mr. Stack is survived by his widow and 
three of their daughters. Mr. Stack died at 
the age of eighty-two years. He had enjoyed 
the warm regard of a very extensive circle of 
acquaintances and had the happy faculty of 
winning friendships that endured as long as 
life remained. 



CHARLES F. STEEL. 

Qiarles F. Steel, deceased, scholar, author 
and successful business man, was born in 
Philadelphia, January 24, 1832, and was a rep- 
resentative of one of the prominent and influ- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



233 



ential families of that city. His father, Robert 
Steel, was a leader in mercantile circles there 
for many years, and his brother, Edward 
Steel, was likewise a factor in commercial 
circles and for seventeen years was actively 
connected with the public schools there as 
president of the board of education. 

Charles F. Steel acquired his education in 
the public schools of Philadelphia, and in his 
youth learned the bookbinder's trade, in which 
his efficiency won ready recognition and con- 
secutive promotion until, before he attained 
his majority, he was made superintendent of a 
large concern of that character in Indianapolis, 
Indiana. Later he returned to his native city 
to accept the superintendency of the book- 
binding establishfnent of Totten & Carpenter, 
which firm then had the contract for printing 
the United States postage stamps, and of this 
branch of the business Mr. Steel had entire 
charge. The contract was subsequently trans- 
ferred to the National Bank Note Company, 
and Mr. Steel entered into business relations 
with that house, continuing in charge of the 
stamp printing imtil 1876, so that the period in 
which he had supervision over this work cov- 
ered a quarter of a century. He invented 
many of the improvements introduced in 
stamp printing, and his system of checking, 
together with various details and methods, in- 
troduced by him, are still in use. 

Mr. Steel became the founder of the Frank- 
lin Bank Note Company, doing an extensive 
business in the printing of bank paper, and he 
also became a partner in the firm of Edward 
T. Steel & Company, of Philadelphia, dealers 
in woolen goods. At the time of his death he 
was connected in business with A. M. and 
W. A. White. He was one of the oldest mem- 



bers of the Produce Exchange of New York, 
and the extent and importance of his business 
interests, connections and investments made 
him well known in commercial and financial 
circles in the east. 

Mr. Steel had two children. He became 
well known in this city, especially in literary 
circles. He was a man of high scholarly 
attainments, was an accomplished linguist 
and found his chief source of recreation in the 
study of literature and economics. Few peo- 
ple outside of educational circles had a more 
comprehensive and accurate knowledge of 
Shakespeare, and during the Donnelly contro- 
versies concerning the authorship of the plays 
Mr. Steel wrote and published a volume en- 
titled "Is There Any Resemblance Between 
Shakespeare and Bacon?" which awakened 
much favorable comm.ent. Like all who move 
through life on a high plane the circle of his 
friends was select rather than large, and the 
graces of his cultured mind, combined with a 
pleasing personality, made his friendship 
greatly valued by those who knew him inti- 
mately. 



WALTER HYDE MACOMBER. 

Walter Hyde Macomber, for thirty years a 
resident of Brooklyn, where his extensive op- 
erations in real estate made him known as 
one of the most prominent and representative 
dealers in that line in the city, was born near 
Windom, New York, on the 30th of June, 
1830, spendmg the days of his youth in that 
locality. Among the friends of his boyhood 
was Bishop Tuttle, senior bishop of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church in the United States. 
About 1874 he removed to Brooklyn, where 



534 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



he opened a real estate office and began deal- 
ing in property, particularly in the Bedford 
section of the borough. He controlled many 
important real estate negotiations and trans- 
actions and the sales which were consummated 
through his agency annually represented a 
very large investment. As his capability, ex- 
ecutive force and keen discernment became 
known in business circles his advice and co- 
operation were sought along other lines, and 
for several years prior to his demise he was 
cashier of the Bankers' Life Insurance Com- 
pany of Manhattan. 

Mr. Macomber married a relative of Rev. 
E. V/oodbridge Cook, a noted divine of Brook- 
lyn. Mr. Macomber is survived by his 
widow and four children, two sons and two 
daughters : Lewis A., Henry W., Mabel E., 
and Anna L. The family are attendants on 
the services of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
of the Incarnation, of which Mr. Macomber 
was communicant for thirty years, his life be- 
ing in consistent harmony with his professions. 
He felt a public-spirited interest in the political 
questions affecting the welfare of state and 
nation, and advocated the principles of na- 
tional Democracy, but had no aspirations for 
office, preferring to devote his energies to a 
business in which he won signal success and 
to the enjoyment of home life and the friend- 
ship that comes through a large social ac- 
quaintance. 



DE WITT BERGEN. 

De Witt Bergen, a director and treasurer of 
the Underwood Typewriter Company, and 
well and favorably known in the business cir- 
cles of New York city, was born in Nauga- 



tuck, Connecticut, in October, 1853, the son 
of Leffert T. Bergen, who was born in Bay 
Ridge, Brooklyn, New York, a member, of an 
old and honored Long Island family, a full 
account of their history appearing elsewhere 
in this work. Mr. Bergen was prominently 
identified with the commercial interests of his 
town, and was an active member of the Dutch 
Reformed Church, doing all in his power for 
the promotion of Christian principles among 
his fellow men. He married Mary Caroline 
Earle, daughter of Sylvester Earle, and a de- 
scendant of John D. Earle, a member of an old 
English family who came here from England 
in 1600. Mr. Bergen was a cousin of ex- 
Surrogate Jacob I. Bergen, of Brooklyn, New 
York. 

De Witt Bergen pursued his education in 
the Dutchess County Academy, and after com- 
pleting his studies remained on the home farm 
for a short period of time. For sixteen years 
he occupied the position of bookkeeper and 
cashier for the Passaic Zinc Company, and 
later became one of the original organizers of 
the Wagner Typewriter Company, acting in 
the capacity of treasurer. This company has 
just been consolidated with the Underwood 
Typewriter Company, and Mr. Bergen has 
been chosen as one of the directors and treas- 
urer of the new corporation. In his business 
career his ability has been constantly mani- 
fested in one phase or another, showing un- 
limited possibilities, nothing too great to grasp 
and master, and the extensive concern with 
which he is now so prominently connected 
Owes not a little to his masterful power. For 
the past eighteen years Mr. Bergen has been 
actively connected with the Lafayette Avenue 
Pr^esbyterian Church, in which he now fills the 




DeWITT BERGEN 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



237 



office of deacon. He is also a prominent mem- 
ber of the Lafayette Avenue Church Chib, the 
Montauk Ckib, and the Nassau Club. 

In 1885 Mr. Bergen was united in marriage 
to Miss Van Benschoten, daughter of Henry 
Benschoten, of Dutchess county, New York. 
She is also actively interested in the various 
societies connected with the Lafayette Avenue 
Presbyterian Church, of which .she is a mem- 
ber. 



JOHN W. MASON. 

The career of John W. Mason, for sixty 
years a prominent and influential resident of 
the Brooklyn Heights district and one of the 
oldest citizens of that borough, which was 
terminated by death from paralysis at his late 
home No. 138 Hicks street on March 3, 1903, 
in the eighty-third year of his age, stands in 
evidence of the fact that he possessed great 
versatility of talent and that exactness and 
thoroughness characterized all his business en- 
terprises. He was born in York, England, 
April 18, 1820, a son of John and Catherine 
(Smart) Mason, active and consistent mem- 
bers of the Society of Friends, the latter named 
being a descendant of Quaker stock of Utica, 
New York. 

John W. Mason attended the schools of his 
native country, where he acquired a prelimi- 
nary education, and at the age of fourteen 
years he came to this covmtry aind completed 
his educational training at the Friends' school 
in Providence, Rhode Island. In 1843 he lo- 
cated in Brooklyn, New York, and from that 
year to the time of his decease, a period of 
sixty years, he resided on the same block. His 
business connections comprised a membership 



in the firm of Samuel Thompson's Nephews, 
coal merchants, who conducted their opera- 
tions in old New York for a period of time 
and later removed to the foot of Columbia 
Heights, near Fulton street, Brooklyn. Sub- 
sequently he became a member of the firm of 
Samuel Thompson's Nephews & Company, 
commission merchants of New York, and he 
was also actively engaged in the cordage busi- 
ness on his own account. He achieved a large 
degree of success in these enterprises, and in 
the commercial circles of New York and 
Brooklyn his name was synonymous with 
strict integrity and honorable business meth- 
ods. His prosperity not only benefited his 
own family, but also- many others profited by 
it, as he was a man of philanthropic and be- 
nevolent ideas and thoroughly believed in the 
scriptural proverb that "it is more blessed to 
give than to receive." He was an extensive 
traveler, visiting all the places of historic note 
and interest in his own and adopted country, 
was an ardent devotee of fishing and shoot- 
ing, having been as familiar with the waters 
of Florida as with the woods of Maine. He 
also thoroughly enjoyed the social side of 
life, and was an honored member of the Ham- 
ilton Club of Brooklyn. He was a member 
of Plymouth church for half a century, and 
during the greater part of this time served as 
an official, and he also took a keen and active 
interest in every movement that pertained to 
its spiritual and material growth and welfare. 
Mr. Mason was united in marriage to Maria 
Peckham, who bore him the following named 
children: William P.; Mary T., wife of Rob- 
ert F. Tilney ; and Alice M., wife of Alfred B. 
Chapman. The death of Mr. Mason was 
peaceful and without pain, as befitted the life 



238 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. ~ 



of an honorable and conscientious Christian. 
He was survived by the children above men- 
tioned. 



CHRISTIAN FRIEDMANN. 

Christian Friedmann, deceased, whose busi- 
ness success demonstrated the opportunities 
which x'Vmerica affords to her enterprising, in- 
dustrious citizens, and who became one of the 
most prominent of the German-American 
residents of Brooklyn, was born in Hesse- 
Darmstadt, Germany, in 1836, and in his boy- 
hood days came to the United States. When 
still in his minority he decided tO' become a 
baker, and his advancement to prosperity is 
largely attributable to the persistency of pur- 
pose which he manifested in adhering to the 
department of labor in which as a young 
tradesman he embarked. He soon mastered 
the business, and his fidelity to the interests 
of his employers, combined with his capability, 
won him promotion and made possible the 
establishment of a business of his own at a 
later date. He founded the O. K. Bakery in 
New York and later was one of the founders 
of what is now the John N. Shults bakery. 
About 1889 he organized the firm of Qiristian 
Friedmann & Sons and continued as the senior 
partner of the new enterprise until his death. 
His previous extended experience enabled him 
to make this a paying business from its incep- 
tion, and succeeding years added to his suc- 
cesses. 

When about twenty-seven years of age 
Christian Friedmann was married, and his 
widow still survives. Their three daughters 
are Annie, wife of E. H. M. Roehr; Marie, 
wife of W. H. Frank ; and Louise, who is liv- 



ing with her mother. The sons, Henry and 
Fred Friedmann, were associated with their 
father in business, the latter entering the firm 
after his return from the Philippine islands. 

Mr. Friedmann died April 11, 1903, at the 
age of sixty-seven years. He had become 
prominent in German-American circles, was a 
member of the Erinnerungs Verein, of New 
York; Arion Society; the Boss Bakers Asso- 
ciation and Copernicus Lodge, F. & A. M., 
and his many friends in these organizations, 
as well as his immediate family, greatly de- 
plored his death. 



JOHN H. BURTIS. 

In the death of John H. Burtis, who was a 
prominent and influential resident of Brook- 
lyn, New York, for many years, and during 
the period of its jnost remarkable growth, was 
ended a life of peculiar activity in the com- 
mercial and social affairs of Kings county, and 
one of bountiful generosity to the poor and 
afflicted of all creeds and nationalities. 

John H. Burtis was born in Hoosack Falls, 
New York, September 5, 1832, the son of 
John and Eliza Lee Burtis. He was a de- 
scendant of an Albertis (the original form of 
the family name), who came to this country 
from Italy. His father was John Burtis, who 
spent the greater part of his life in Hoosack 
Falls, and later in Hunter. New York, where 
he was prominently identified with the work of 
the church in which he was an elder for many 
years. 

John H. Burtis prepared for college at the 
Cambridge Academy, and graduated in 1854 
from Union College of Schenectady. After his 
graduation he was invited to become principal 




JOHN H. BURTIS 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



241 



of the Academy of Cambridge. His eyesight 
failing him, he was forced to rehnquish the 
expectation of pursuing a professional life, 
which had been his ambition since boyhood. 
In 1857 'he came to New York and became as- 
sociated with the work of the American Sun- 
day School Union as secretary, and during his 
connection with this organization was a potent 
factor in its development and growth. 

In 1865 Mr. Burtis established a large iron 
business in New York, which he continued for 
many years. In 1867 he became a resident of 
Brooklyn. In various ways he materially con- 
tributed to the progress and development of 
the city. In addition to his personal business 
he planned and organized the Brooklyn Ele- 
vated Railroad, known then as the Brooklyn 
Silent-Safety Elevated Railroad, and served 
as first president of the 'road. He also organ- 
ized the Flatbush and Coney Island Railroad, 
of which he was the first president, and inter- 
ested himself in the building of the Brighton 
Beach Hotel. For several years previous to 
his death he was prominent in real estate busi- 
ness. 

Mr. Burtis was called to various high posi- 
tions in which his large ability made him an 
important contributor to the advancement of 
the interests of the city and county. In 1875 
he was elected to the State Assembly from the 
Fifth District of Brooklyn, and was again 
elected to that body in 1894. During the ad- 
ministration of Mayor Wurster he served as 
commissioner of charities. During his con- 
nection with this department he instituted 
many reforms, did much toward renovating 
and changing the conditions of the publi: 
buildings, looking to the comfort and health 
of the inmates. In the penitentiary he wrought 



many changes, providing the prisoners with 
many comforts and seeking their moral eleva- 
tion as well as their physical well being. He 
was an eloquent platform orator, and his serv- 
ices were in frequent demand in important 
political campaigns by the Republican party, 
to which he steadfastly adhered and in whose 
councils he was a leading figure. He was a 
delegate in several state conventions, and at 
one time was vice-president of the Union 
League of Brooklyn. He was a prominent 
member of the Masonic fraternity, being af- 
filiated with Montauk Lodge, in which he was 
a past master; served as district deputy grand 
master of the state of New York ; was a mem- 
ber of Kismet Temple, Mystic Shrine, of the 
Masonic Veterans' Association, and of the 
Aurora Grata Qub, of which he was at one 
time president. He was also a past regent of 
Bedford Council, Royal Arcanum, and a mem- 
ber of U. S. Grant Post, No. 327, G. A. R. ; 
one of the original members of the Brooklyn 
Riding and Driving . Club and a member of 
the Twilight Club, Get-Together Ckib, Con- 
gregational Club, Union College Alumni, and 
of the Phi Beta Kappa Society. He had been 
a member of the Central Congregational 
Church of Brooklyn, Rev. S. Parkes Cadman, 
D. D., pastor, for sixteen years at the time of 
his death. 

On October 5, 1864, Mr. Burtis married 
Miss Mary G. Thomson, daughter of James 
B. Thomson, the author of Thomson's Mathe- 
matical Works. Mrs. Burtis is a connection 
of the Coffin and Gardner families of Nan- 
tucket, Massachusetts, who numbered among 
its members Grafton Gardner, who carried the 
first American flag over the ocean on his ship. 
Mrs. Burtis is a member of the Central Con- 



242 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



gregational Church of Brooklyn, of which the 
Rev. S. Parkes Cadman, D. D., is pastor. She 
is deeply interested in the Brooklyn Orphan 
Asylum, and for twelve years acted as presi- 
dent of the Memorial Hospital for Women and 
Children. 

Seven children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Burtis, three of whom are living at the present 
time (1903) : John H., Jr., who is a lawyer; 
Mary Louise, wife of Edgar Powell Hicks, of 
Brooklyn, New York, and Grace L., a gradu- 
ate of Vassar College, class of 1902. 

Large delegations from the various organ- 
izations of which Mr. Burtis was a member at- 
tended the funeral services to pay their last 
mark of respect and esteem to the inemory of 
their beloved brother. Rev. S. Parkes Cadman, 
D. D., pastor, officiated at the church serv- 
ices, and R. W. Brother John Steward com- 
mitted the body to the grave with the beauti- 
ful ceremonies of the Masonic order. The re- 
mains of the lamented deceased were tenderly 
laid to rest in the family plot at Greenwood 
Cemetery. 



F. A. M. BURRELL. 

The life history of F. A. M. Burrell, ex- 
second vice president of the Manufacturers' 
Association of New York, a native of Penn- 
sylvania, born in 1858, a son of the late Rev. 
'J. I. Burrell, who was pastor of St. Matthew's 
English Lutheran church, illustrates what may 
be accomplished by one who is the possessor 
of powers of quick observation, coupled with 
the ability to take advantage of an opportunity 
at the right moment. 

After the completion of his education, at 
the age of thirteen years, he began his busi- 



ness career as a telegraph operator on the 
Pennsylvania Railroad. He took up his resi- 
dence in Brooklyn, New York, in 1875, and 
two years later entered as clerk into the em- 
ploy of Charles A. Schieren & Company, one 
of the leading leather houses in the United 
States, engaged in the manufacture of oak 
leather belting, whose office and factory are 
located at 45 to 51 Ferry street, New York, 
with a factory at the corner of Thirteenth 
street and Third avenue, Brooklyn, New York, 
and tanneries at Bristol, Tennessee. In 1887 
Mr. Burrell was admitted as a partner in the 
firm, which connection has continued to the 
present time ( 1904) . He is a member of the 
Fulton Club of New York, the Marine and 
Field Club, a trustee of the Dime Savings 
Bank of Brooklyn, and a member of the Flat- 
bush Reformed Dutch church. 



EDGAR S. HICKS. 

Edgar Smith Hicks, whose business enter- 
prise and capability led him into direct con- 
nection with a number of the leading corpo- 
rations of Brooklyn and whO' was for a num- 
ber of years a wholesale importer of Manhat- 
tan, possessed, in addition to his executive 
force and powers for successful management, 
a genial nature and true worth that made bim 
popular in social circles and caused his death 
to be regarded as a personal bereavement by 
many of his acquaintances. 

His ancestral history was one of close con- 
nection with the early settlement and subse- 
quent improvement of Long Island. His fath- 
er spending his entire life on Long Island, was 
well known for many years as a business man 
on lower Fulton street. He married a lady 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



243 



whose ancestors were among the original set- 
tlers at Smithtown, Long Island. Born in 
Brooklyn in 1829, Edgar S. Hicks spent his 
entire life in this borough, acquired his edu- 
cation here, and in early manhood became a 
member of the firm of Patton, Stewart & Com- 
pany, wholesale importers of Irish linen in 
Manhattan, building up a business of exten- 
sive proportions which was profitably con- 
ducted until the death of the senior partner, 
when the partnership of the remaining mem- 
bers of the firm was dissolved. Mr. Hicks 
then centered his business interests in Brook- 
lyn, having become connected with several cor- 
porations of this borough, among which was 
the American Stoker Company and the Brook- 
lyn Warehouse & Dry Dock Company. Of 
the latter he was president, and he was also 
a director of the old Academy of Music Asso- 
ciation. His investments had been so judi- 
ciously made,, that the income derived there- 
from relieved him of the necessity of further 
activity in the world of trade and gave him 
leisure for participation in the activities of the 
several social organizations of which he was 
so prominent a member. 

Mr. Hicks was one of the earliest members 
of the Crescent Athletic Club, his name being 
three hundred and twelve on the enrollment 
list. He likewise belonged to the Brooklyn 
Club and in 1885 became a member of the 
Hamilton Oub, and each of these organiza- 
tions, at the time of his death, May 3, 1904, 
placed its house flag at half mast in memory 
of a much loved member. 

Mr. Hicks married Miss Emma C. Robbins, 
a daughter of Daniel A. Robbins, once a well 
known resident of Columbia Heights, Brook- 
lyn, and they had a daughter, Julia A., who 



survives her father, but Mrs. Hicks passed 
away in 1879. In early manhood Mr. Hicks 
had been deeply interested in athletic sports, 
and his splendidly developed powers were not 
preceptibly impaired when he had reached the 
age of seventy, and in his last years he pos- 
sessed the vigor and appearance of a man of 
fifty. In spirit and interest he seemed yet in 
his prime. He was a man of rare geniality, 
and had the faculty of creating friendships 
which continued until they were sundered by 
death. He shed around him much of life's 
sunshine and endeared himself to all with 
whom he came in contact. 



JOHN W. EIARMAN. 

John W. Harman, once prominent in the 
public life of Brooklyn as a merchant and a 
leader in Republican circles of the borough, 
passed the eighty-second milestone on life's 
journey and at his death left the record of 
an honorable, useful and active career. A na- 
tive of Ohio, he became a resident of Brook- 
lyn in 1853, and when the city entered upon 
the era of rapid development and substantial 
upbuilding that has resulted in the evolution 
of the modern metropolitan center of to-day, 
he became a cooperant factor in its business 
life and public interests. For many years he 
was engaged in the wholesale drygoods busi- 
ness as a member of the firm of George Bliss 
& Company, and the trade of the house grew 
until this became one of the famous commer- 
cial enterprises of the borough. He continued 
in active connection therewith, — his keen busi- 
ness discernment, progressive spirit and untir- 
ing industry contributing to its success, — until 
1885, when he retired from business life. 



244 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Mr. Harman's living children are a daugh- 
ter and a son, -the latter being Granville W. 
Harman, once register of Kings county. Mr. 
Harman had long been well known in some 
of the leading social organizations of the city, 
having belonged to the Ohio Society, the Un- 
ion League Club and the Society of Old 
Brooklynites. Interested and active in poli- 
tics, his opinions carried weight in the local 
councils of his party and from the beginning 
of his residence he took an active part in Re- 
publican politics in Brooklyn. Frequently he 
served as a delegate to conventions and he 
labored untiringly for Republican successes 
during the Lincoln and Girant presidential 
campaigns. In 1868 he was elected supervisor 
of the twentieth ward and served for four 
years. He was also interested in the better- 
ment of mankind through the avenue of the 
church, generously supported .religious work 
and was a lifelong friend of Dr. Theodore 
Cuyler, pastor emeritus of the Lafayette Ave- 
nue Presbyterian church. 



as a citizen he is highly esteemed for his lofty 
citizenship. He also represents the best ele- 
ment of the Democratic party, to the principles 



GOTTFRIED WESTERNACHER. 

Gottfried Westernacher, assistant deputy 
commissioner of bridges of New York, and a 
wealthy wine merchant of Brooklyn, is one of 
the foremost citizens of that borough, keenly 
alive to every enterprise which concerns in any 
way its well being and development. 

He is a native of Germany, but since his ar- 
rival in this country he has worked his way 
upward to a high position among the business 
men of Brooklyn, who admire him not only 
for his integrity in business methods, but for 
his moral courage and uprightness. He repre- 
sents the highest type of a business man, and 




of which he has been loyal and true, and to 
the support of which he has contributed will- 
ingly. 



REV. ELISHA WOODBRIDGE COOK. 

Rev. Elisha Woodbridge Cook, theologian 
and author, was born in Manchester, Connecti- 
cut, July 16, 1816, and his life record covered 
almost eighty-seven years — years devoted to 
the betterment of conditions surrounding his 
fellow men. He was descended from Puri- 
tan ancestry and the strong and sterling traits 
of character manifested by those first settlers 
of New England were also evidenced in his 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



245 



dailv life. His father was a minister of the 
Congregational church, and, realizing the value 
of education as a preparation for life's re- 
sponsible duties, gave his son excellent oppoi"- 
tunities in that direction. 

His preliminary studies were supplemented 
by a course in Phillips Academy, and he after- 
ward matriculated in Yale College, where he 
was graduated with the famous class of 1837 
— a class which has given to the country some 
of its most distinguished and influential men, 
including William M. Evarts, , who was a 
United States senator and secretary of state 
under President Hayes; Samuel J. Tilden, 
who was the candidate of the Democratic par- 
ty for president in 1876; Edward Pierrepont, 
President Grant's attorney general and after- 
ward minister to Great Britain ; Morrison R. 
Waite, who was appointed chief justice of the 
supreme court of the United States in 1877; 
Azariah Smith, a famous foreign missionary 
for the Presbyterian church; Charles W. 
Stearns, M. D., a well known Shakespearean 
student and an author of reputation ; Dr. Will- 
iam O. Ayres, of Brooklyn, also a well known 
writer for magazines on the Pacific coast and 
in the east; George Duffield, a Brooklynite, 
who married Miss Willoughby, a descendant 
of Lord Willoughby and was editor of the 
Christian Observer for many years; Qiauncey 
Goodrich, one of the editors of Webster's Dic- 
tionary, and many others of hardly less repu- 
tation than those named. Mr. Cook, at the 
time of his death, was the last but two sur- 
vivors of that class, the others being Thomas 
Mills Day, of Hartford, Connecticut ; and Har- 
vey Hyde, of Cincinnati, who left the college 
in his senior year. 

On the completion of his university. course 



Elisha W. Cook entered upon preparation for 
the ministry as a theological student in An- 
dover Seminary and subsequently attended the 
Yale Theological Seminary. Following his 
ordination he accepted the pastorate of the 
Congregational church at Haddam, Connecti- 
cut, in 1846, and successively filled the pul- 
pits of the churches of his denomination in 
Playdenville, Massachusetts, Townsend, Mas- 
sachusetts, Hopkinston, New Hampshire, and 
Ripon, Wisconsin. Discontinuing his service 
in the regular ministry in 1868 he became a 
missionary, representing the American Mis- 
sionary Society, and along that line labored 
for the moral upbuilding of his fellow men un- 
til about twelve years prior to his death, when 
he also left that field of labor, devoting liis re- 
maining days to magazine work and the au- 
thorship of a didactic character. His most 
notable works have been "A Theory of the 
Moral System," "Law and Penalty Endless in 
an Endless Universe,'' "The Endless Future," 
and "The Origin of Sin," which was his last 
work and was published in 1899. These vol- 
umes are well known to representatives of the 
ministry and deep thinkers who are interested 
in the great moral problems. He was a man 
of broad intelligence, of scholarly attainments 
and genuine public spirit, one whose career as 
an author and theologian added to the fame 
of the Yale class of 1837. His widow is yet 
living, as are their five daughters and a son, 
and the family home is still maintained in 
Brooklyn, where Rev. Elisha W. Cook spent 
the last twelve years of his life. 



DAVID S. QUIMBY. 
From the early days that Brooklyn was but 



246 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



a small town the name of Quimby has figured 
consecutively in its business records, and for 
a half century David S. Quimby was a well 
known and leading merchant in the borough. 
Honored and respected by all, he occupied an 
enviable position in commercial circles not 
only because of the success he achieved but 
also because of the honorable, straightforward 
business methods he ever followed, and while 
he led an active life as a representative of 
trade interests he also' found time and oppor- 
tunity to> sei've his fellow townsmen in pub- 
lic office and to aid in the promotion of varied 
interests that proved of benefit to the city. 

David S. Quimby was born on Vine street 
in the first ward of Brooklyn, July 23, 1838, 
and spent his entire life here. His par- 
ents were David Lands and Sarah (Relay) 
Quimby. His ancestors came from Morrow 
borough, New York, where the family had 
been established at- a very early epoch in the 
development of that section of the state. His 
grandfather opened a grate and stove store 
at the corner of Poplar and Henry streets in 
1816 and the business was continued for sev- 
enty-five years. The firm was originally S. 
Quimby & Son and afterward became D. S. 
Quimby & Son, which name is still retained. 

After acquirmg his education in the public 
schools David S. Quimby became connected 
with the stove and grate business. He mas- 
tered the work in every detail and as the 
years advanced assumed more and more of the 
responsibility of conducting the enterprise. It 
eventually became his property, and later he 
associated his son with him in the ownership 
of the store. For almost half a century he 
was connected with the business, and his re- 
liable methods, unfaltering perseverance and 



progressive ideas were a most potent factor 
in promoting the success of the house. On 
his retirement from mercantile circles he en- 
tered the insurance business and was thus en- 
gaged up to the time of his death. 

In i860 Mr. Quimby was united in mar- 
riage to Miss M. Louise Archer, a daughter 
of George E. Archer, who was closely asso- 
ciated with the early growth of Brooklyn and 
died in this city at a very advanced age, about 
1902. To Mr. and Mrs. Quimby were born 
two children: Ida F., who is the wife of 
Rev. Ernest Victor Collins, rector of Holy 
Trinity Protestant Episcopal church in Cham- 
bersburg, Pennsylvania; and Louis F., who is 
engaged in business in Manhattan. 

Mr. Quimby was widely and popularly 
known in the first, third, twenty-second and 
eleventh wards of the borough of Brooklyn, 
where he had resided at various times, his 
last residence being in the eleventh ward for 
about fifteen years. He made friends, how- 
ever, in all places where he was known be- 
cause of his genial manner, his genuine worth 
and his appreciation of the good in others. He 
was a valued and influential member of several 
fraternal organizations and enjoyed in high de- 
gree the brotherly regard of those who were 
associated with him in these societies. He be- 
came one of the charter members of Stella 
Council No. 400, Anierrcan Legion of Honor, 
in which he was filling the chair of commander 
for the third year at the time of his death. 
He had alsO' been chairman of the grand coun- 
cil finance committee of the order. He like- 
wise belonged to Stella Lodge No. 485, F. & 
A. M. ; DeWitt Clinton Council No. 419, R. 
A. /Brooklyn Council No. 375, National Un- 
ion; and was an associate member of Grant 




Th<^ laioiB P^yMshin^ Co. 



'■/n Biidha-r .'^':l 




HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



249 



Post, G. A. R. He was likewise connected 
with the Society of Old Brooklynites. His 
life was ever actuated by honorable principles 
and methods, and his career was in harmony 
with his professions as a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. In his boyhood days 
he united with Landstreet church of that de- 
nomination and for many years was the secre- 
tary of its Sunday-school. In later life he 
belonged to the Summerfield Methodist Epis- 
copal church. He served as supervisor of 
Kings county from the third ward of Brook- 
lyn in 1876-7. He was also deputy city audi- 
tor during Mayor Webster's administration. 
He passed away after an illness of typhoid 
fever of two weeks' duration, and the funeral 
services were held in the church of which he 
was a member, Rev. James E. Holmes, its 
pastor, officiating. 

His public career and his private life were 
alike above, reproach. He had the faculty of 
not only winning friends but of drawing them 
closer to him as the years passed by. Few 
men were more prominent or more widely 
known in Brooklyn, for he was an important 
factor in business circles and his popularity 
was well deserved, and in him were embraced 
the characteristics of industry that never flags 
together with unbending integrity and unabat- 
ing energy. He was public-spirited and thor- 
oughly interested in whatever tended to pro- 
mote the material, the intellectual and the 
moral welfare of the city, his influence ever 
being on the side of justice, truth, right and 
progress. 



ROBERT WHITE. 
Robert White, deceased, during a long and 
peculiarly useful life was held in high honor 

13 



in the commercial and social circles of Brook- 
lyn as a progressive citizen and masterly man 
of affairs, as well as for his fine personal quali- 
ties which endeared him to all with whom he 
was brought into contact. 

He was a native of Scotland, born in Glas- 
gow, May 6, 18/] 3, son of John and Elizabeth 
(King) White, and inherited the virile quali- 
ties of the race from which he sprang, and also 
the splendid gifts which marked the father. 
The latter, John White, was a celebrated en- 
gineer who came to the United States, sent 
out by a prominert Glasgow firm to take a 
position as consulting engineer. His mental 
powers were at their best, but he was well ad- 
vanced in years, being nearly seventy years 
old, and he succumbed to overheating and ex- 
haustion, the results of non-acclimatization, 
and died within a month after his arrival. 
His remains were interred in the city of New 
York. 

Robert White completed his literary educa- 
tion in the schools of Glasgow and Edin- 
burgh. He was early predisposed to the call- 
ing in which his father had become conspicu- 
ous, and to prepare himself therefor took up 
the study of mechanical engineering and 
draughting in Edinburgh, and received his 
diploma of graduation in 1862, being then only 
nineteen years of age. Shortly afterward he 
came to the United States, locating in Jer- 
sey City, New Jersey, where he took employ- 
ment in a machine works. He was thus en- 
gaged for three years, and at the expiration 
of that time (in 1874) removed to Brooklyn, 
New York, which was thenceforth the scene 
of his effort and his place of residence. Here 
he at once established himself in an engineer- 
ing business at the foot of Smith street. At 



250 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



first he manufactured pumps, but later fitted 
up a steamship yard and shops where he built 
steam vessels complete, as well as the celebrat- 
ed boiler which bears his name as patentee, 
and which met with instant approval by the 
highest authorities and came into general use. 
Scores of small craft were sent out of the 
White shipyards, including many of the most 
powerful steam tugboats plying the New 
York waters, among them the "Robert 
White," "Agnes White," "White & Price," 
and "Kate Buckley." He also built and 
ec|uipped many first-class ocean-going vessels, 
and was busily occupied with the personal 
management of this great and complex busi- 
ness almost to the very hour of his death. 
Just prior to that sad event he sold one of his 
vessels, equipped with the boilers which aided 
in making his name world-famous, to the 
Hamburg-American line, and at the same time 
was engaged in two other important enter- 
prises — the building of -the "Frank Steers," 
which was put into commission on January i, 
1904, and the erection of the handsome and 
commodious establishment now occupied by 
the firm which succeeded to his business, at 
the corner of Columbia, Hicks and Sigourney 
streets. The business thus built up by Mr. 
White was one of the most extensive and suc- 
cessful known to the history of the borough, 
and it has been continued by his sons under 
similar honorable and capable management, 
and with an ever-increasing volume of trans- 
actions. 

Mr. White was highly regarded in the cir- 
cles of his profession, and was one whose judg- 
ment with reference to professional questions 
was habitually sought and confidently deferred 
to. He was a leading member of the Amal- 



gamated Society of Engineers, of which his 
father was among the founders; of the Mari- 
time Association of the Port of New York; 
an active and honorary member of several 
trade and benevolent societies; a member of 
several boat clubs, and at one time rowed 
stroke in the old Harlem Boat Club crew. He 
was affiliated with the Masonic fraternity. He 
was a consistent member of the Presbyterian 
church. He was of domestic disposition and 
tastes, and was peculiarly devoted to his fam- 
ily and home. 

January 7, 1862, and before his coming to 
the United States, Mr. White married Miss 
Agnes Haddow, daughter of Thomas Had- 
dow, who was an engineer of Glasgow, Scot- 
land, and the founder of the Amalgamated 
Society of Engineers, of which body he was 
secretary for forty-nine years. Mrs. White 
was one of seven children, among whom were 
two brothers who embraced the profession of 
their father and became distinguished in it; 
William, who was educated and received his 
scientific degrees in Edinburgh, Scotland, and 
rose to distinction as an engineer in London, 
England ; and Archibald, who was similarly 
reared, became a noted engineer, and located 
in Alexandria, Africa. 

To Robert and Agnes (Haddow) White 
were born five children : i . Robert W., 
whose children are Jessie, Agnes and Robert, 
deceased. 2. Thomas H., who is the active 
head and general manager of the business es- 
tablished by the father, the Robert White En- 
gineering Works ; he married Miss Emily An- 
derson, and they are the parents of three chil- 
dren, Lilly, Archibald and Florence. 3. John 
H. K., who is a qiember of the same firm with 
the brother before named ; he married Char- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



251 



lotte Donovan, a native of Toronto, Canada. 
4. Lillie H. K., who resides at home. 5. 
Archibald H. K., who is a student of engineer- 
ing at the Stevens Institute. 

Mr. White died at his residence, 609 Sixth 
street, Broolvlyn, on August 18, 1902, after a 
Hngering ilhiess of more than three months, 
in the fifty-seventh year of his age. Meas- 
ured by years, he was cut off entirely too soon, 
for his mental powers had not passed if they 
had reached their zenith, and he gave promise 
of even greater accomplishments than had 
been permitted him, vast as they had been. 
His loss was deeply felt by all with whom 
he had be^i in any manner associated, and, 
particularly in the ranks qf his profession, his 
name continues to be treasured as one of its 
brightest ornaments. 



LOUIS PEASE NOSTRAND. 

The death of Louis Pease Nostrand, of 
Brooklyn, removed one of the oldest and best- 
known residents of the Eastern district. He 
was a native of the city, born May 23, 1823, 
and his life was spent there with the excep- 
tion of a portion of his childhood and youth. 
Pie was formerly a manufacturer of Manhat- 
tan, but during the long years of his retire- 
ment he identified himself with religious and 
philanthropic work, which, notwithstanding a 
successful career in business, was the most 
fruitful portion of his life, and to him the 
most satisfying. Plis father, Isaac Nostrand, 
who was a shoe dealer of Fulton street, was 
also greatly interested in church work, and 
served for many years as a member of the 
board of trustees of the Sand Street Method- 
ist Episcopal church, His mother's maiden 



name was Mary A. Pettit, and her family 
lived at Hempstead. 

During his business life he was connected 
with the firm of Truslow and Nostrand, who 
had a factory on Pearl street, Manhattan, for 
the manufacture of cork stoppers. The firm 
did an extensive business, and Mr. Nostrand 
found scope for his fine endowment of execu- 
tive ability and commercial sagacity in direct- 
ing its affairs. But he had no sympathy 
with those who accumulate vast wealth for 
its own sake, or for the excitement of the 
pursuit. He retired early with a competence, 
to devote his energies to other lines of effort. 
He became a member of the Methodist church 
about 1840, uniting with the South Second 
Street church of Brooklyn at the time of its 
dedication. He was active in all church work, 
and for a number of years was librarian of 
the Sunday-school. In 1849 Mr. Nostrand 
and his wife, with their pastor, the Rev. E. 
T. James, and a few others of the South Sec- 
ond street church joined in organizing the Cen- 
tral Methodist Episcopal church of Williams- 
burg, which has lately been sold to the commis- 
sioners of the new East River bridge. In 
1886 he attended a meeting called for the 
purpose of raising funds for founding the St. 
John Methodist Episcopal church on Bedford 
avenue, and was largely instrumental in suc- 
cessfully launching the project. He was 
elected treasurer of the board of trustees of 
the church after its organization, holding the 
position for eighteen years until compelled to 
resign by failing health, although he retained 
his membership on the board at the time of 
his death. In 1858 he was elected a trustee 
of the Eastern District Industrial School, and 
he maintained his interest and active work for 



252 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



that institution all the remainder of his Hfe. 
When he died he was vice-president of- the 
hoard of trustees. 

Mr. Nostrand was seven years old at the 
time of his father's death in 1830, when his 
family removed to Manhattan. About 1840 
they returned to Brooklyn, making their home 
in what was then the village of Williams- 
burg. This time marks the beginning of Mr. 
Nostrand 's business career, and here he spent 
the remainder of his life, being a resident of 
the Eastern district through the great changes 
of half a century, ■ and for forty years an 
occupant of the house in which he died. 
March 29, 1849, he married Sarah Elizabeth 
Ricker of Brooklyn. This couple lived to 
celebrate their golden wedding in the Taylor 
street homev though on account of the fail- 
ing health of Mr. Nostrand the anniversary 
passed c^uietly, only the members of the fam- 
ily and immediate relatives and friends being 
present. Besides his widow, Mr. Nostrand 
is survived by three daughters — Mrs. William 
H. Hoag, of Troy, New York; Mrs. Samuel 
C. Anderson, and Miss S. Nostrand, of Brook- 
lyn. There are three grandchildren also. Dr. 
Louis N. Anderson, Miss Helen Anderson and 
Miss Elizabeth Hoag. The last five years of 
Mr. Nostrand's life was a period of almost 
constant suffering, and during most of that 
time he was obliged to remain indoors ; but 
he bore his heavy trial with the greatest for- 
titude, his constant thought being of the com- 
fort of those who strove to lighten his pain. 
During his illness he was attended by his 
grandson, Dr. Louis N. Anderson, and by Dr. 
James D. Nade. He died in September, 1903, 
of heart failure resulting from a complica- 
tion of diseases, the feeble action of the heart 



confining him to the bed for the last five weeks 
of his life. The funeral services were con- 
ducted at his late home, 149 Taylor street, by 
the Rev. Dr. David G. Dawney, pastor of St. 
John's Methodist Episcopal church, Bedford 



avenue. 



J. EDWARD SWANSTROM. 

J. Edward Swanstrom, former president of 
the borough of Brooklyn, is an excellent rep- 
resentative of a class of men whose depth of 
character and firm adherence to principle and 
duty in public as well as in private life make 
their services to the community invaluable, 
not only in the affairs of the hour during 
which they are occupied with official duties, 
but as an example. 

Mr. Swanstrom is a native of Brooklyn, 
born on Atlantic avenue, July 26, 1853. His 
father was a Swede who came to the United 
States in company with John Ericsson, the 
distinguished scientist and the inventor of the 
"Monitor/' which in the early days of the 
Civil war saved the northern cities from hos- 
tile shot and shell, and revolutionized naval 
warfare, laying the foundation for the pre- 
sent magnificent war fleets of the world. Rev. 
Swanstrom was a Lutheran clergyman whose 
ministerial life in Brooklyn was eminently 
useful. One of his many deeds of kindness 
at one time wrought an unexpected public 
good. At one time his son, then president of 
the borough, was desirous of securing the pas- 
sage of an important measure which lacked 
one favoring vote. At this moment a gentle- 
man approached President Swanstrom and 
said : "I know an alderman who is opposed 
to this bill, and I can get him to vote for it. 



HISTORY OF LONG- ISLAND. 



253 



I want you to know that I will do so because 
of a kindness which your father did nie many 
years ago." Through this aid the bill was 
passed, greatly to the advantage of the bor- 
ough. 

J. Edward Swanstrom attended the public 
schools of Brooklyn, and completed his edu- 
cation in the University of the City of New 
York. He entered upon the study of law un- 
der the preceptorship of Miller, Feet & Op- 
dyke, of New York city, and afterwards took 
a full course in the law department of the 
University of New York, from which he was 
graduated in 1878, with high honors, being 
awarded the highest prize for proficiency, a 
purse of $250. He at once engaged in prac- 
tice, establishing his office at 20 Nassau street. 
New York, where he is yet located. At first 
he shared his office with John E. Miller. He 
subsequently practiced alone until his election 
to the borough presidency, when he formed 
a partnership with Conrad E. Keyes, thus 
forming an association which proved so pleas- 
ant and profitable to both that it has been 
maintained to the present time. Mr. Swan- 
strom has devoted his attention principally to 
corporation law, and he has conducted many 
large litigations in this field. He, is also recog- 
nized as an entirely capable authority upon 
state law, and one of his notable achievements 
was the proving of the legality of the law 
allowing married women to be teachers in the 
public schools. His effort in this direction 
was in keeping with his continued interest in 
educational affairs. He was for several years 
a member of the Brooklyn board of educa- 
tion. He served on the law committee and 
the committee on rules, and was president of 
that body the year prior to the consolidation 



of the cities of New York and Brooklyn, in 
which movement he took an active part, also 
aiding in framing the new charter, and after 
the union he became vice-president of the Cen- 
tral Board of Education, when it was first 
formed. 

Mr. Swanstrom's most conspicuously useful 
public service was rendered while he occupied 
the position of borough president. An inde- 
pendent of pronounced individuality in poli- 
tics, in 1901 he joined the Sheppard move- 
ment, and when the organization dissolved he 
allied himself with the Citizens' Union, and 
was an ardent supporter of Mr. Low. Be- 
ing made a compromise candidate for the 
presidency of the borough, he was elected, 
and served in that high position for two tenns. 
His administration was notable for many 
salutary innovations in the public interest, and 
he gave instant exhibition of his high concep- 
tions of official duty and public needs. He 
placed at the head of the various municipal 
departments men of the highest capability and 
strictest integrity, among them Mr. Redfield, 
as commissioner of pubHc works; William M. 
Golden, superintendent of building; John 
Thatcher, superintendent of sewers ; Frank J. 
Helmle, architect in charge of public build- 
ings and offices; and Otto Kempner, a well 
equipjped lawyer, as commissioner in charge 
of contracts for public works. In two years 
ihe work of street paving was more rapidly 
and thoroughly advanced than for several 
years before. Mr. Low projected a new sys- 
tem of sewerage,, and the work now in prog- 
ress, constituting one of the finest systems 
known, had its mception in his effort. He 
caused the Rapid Transit Company to accept 
the Fourth Avenue terminal, and procured the 



254 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



establishment of the Flatbush Avenue termi- 
nal. With the assistance of the park com- 
missioner he procured the paving of Fourth 
avenue and the curbing and parking of that 
street, making it one of the most attractive 
boulevards in the city. He effected such a 
reduction of cost of paving as to save tO' the 
city one and a quarter million dollars, which 
sum was devoted to further paving work. He 
caused the borough hall to be renovated and 
remodeled,, providing it with a new heating 
plant and ventilating apparatus, at the low 
expenditure of sixty thousand dollars, and he 
began the remodeling of the hall of records, 
a worb which is still in progress. He also 
instituted the pubUc indoor baths at Hicks 
street and at Brownville, and their utility is dis- 
cerned in the fact that at the last-named the 
daily summer attendance is as high as six thou- 
sand, of both sexes. He also caused the build- 
ing of underground comfort stations at various 
places in the city. ' He also procured the pas- 
sage of a tenement law, the New York law 
being too stringent for the necessities of 
Brooklyn. Mr. Swanstrom also procured the 
first appropriation for rebuilding the court 
house, the plans for which are now awaiting 
final action, President Swanstrom retired 
from office at the close of the municipal year 
1903, with a record of public service which is 
without a parallel in the history of the bor- 
ough. He was not, however, to be entirely 
relegated to private life, for his successor, in 
appreciation of his ardent regard for his native 
city, his broad public spirit and his esthetic 
tastes, at once appointed him to membership 
upon- the commission known as "the City 
Beautiful," whose purpose is the improvement 
and beautification of the city. 



Mr. Swanstrom is a member of the Brook- 
lyn Club, the Hamilton Club and the Cres" 
cent Club, of Brooklyn, and the City Club of 
New York. He is an enthusiastic pedestrian, 
a lover of golf, and an angler of the old-time 
type. Broadly informed, an excellent conver- 
sationalist, and with a vein of native humor, 
his companionship is highly prized in all 
circles in which he moves. 

Mr. Swanstrom has two children : Mrs. 
Ada Winters, of Brooklyn; and Arthur, who 
is a student in school. 



WILLIAM H. SILVER. 

William H. Silver, who for more than twen- 
ty years was a resident of the Stuyvesant sec- 
tion of Brooklyn, was throughout that period 
an influential factor in industrial, political and 
church circles of the borough, and his well 
rounded character and practical judgment 
made his services of- value in any movement 
with which he was allied. 

Mr. Silver was born in Milford, Ohio, on 
the i8th of March, 1850, a son of Dr. David 
Hall Silver, who removed from Milford to 
Columbus, Ohio, where he became a distin- 
guished and most successful physician. The 
son, but a boy at the time the family home 
was established in Columbus, was reared in 
that city and attended its public schools. He 
entered business at nineteen years of age, 
choosing the field of manufacture and com- 
merce for the exercise of his business ability, 
and for a number of years was the senior 
member of one of Brooklyn's large and suc- 
cessful productive industries, being engaged in 
the manufacture of household inventions. The 
trade was large and profitable, and the enter- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



257 



prise was conducted along modern business 
lines. Although for three years prior to his 
death Mr. Silver was in ill health, he remained 
in charge of the business as the head of the 
concern, thus displaying the indomitable en- 
ergy and perseverance which were numbered 
among his most dominant traits of character. ■ 
Mr. Silver was married to Miss Evans, 
daughter of Guy Evans, and they had one son, 
Arthur E. He was a lifelong member of the 
Presbyterian church, active in its work and 
a liberal contributor to its support. Socially 
he was identified with General Putnam Coun- 
cil of the Royal Arcanum, and his political 
faith was indicated by his membership in the 
Stuyvesant Heights Republican Club. For 
three years he suffered from nervous pros- 
tration, and .passed away January 22, 1904. 



JOHN H. McCOOEY. 

John H. McCooey, president of the Civil 
Service Board of New York, which is regarded 
as one of the most important in the municipal 
government, has spent sixteen years in the va- 
rious civil service departments, and his prede- 
cessors in the city included such distinguished 
citizens as Alexander E. Oirr, Charles H. 
Knox and Willis L. Ogden. 

John H. McCooey was born June 18, 1,864, 
in Manhattan, but the following year his par- 
ents removed to Williamsburg, eastern district 
of Brooklyn, New York, locating on North 
Seventh street, and in the schools of that local- 
ity he obtained his early education, subse- 
quently graduating from the Chester High 
School, in Pennsylvania, to which state his 
parents had removed. He gained his first 
business experience by entering the employ of 



the celebrated shipbuilders, John Roach & Son, 
of Chester, Pennsylvania, in 1871, whose foun- 
dries, forges and shops, for more than a third 
of a century, turned out iron and steel steam- 
ships which have included among their number 
many of the most noted vessels which have 
flown the American flag. In due course of 
time Mr. McCooey became a mechanical engin- 
eer of considerable ability, and served in that 
capacity until his separation from the service 
of the firm in the year 1886. He then became 
associated with the Worthington Pump Com- 
pany, and came at once to Brooklyn, New 
York, where he has since resided. He left the 
employ of the Worthington Company to accept 
an important position as a skillful mechanical 
engineer at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, and 
while there had charge and performed consid- 
erable work on the ill-fated battleship "Maine" 
that was blown up in Havana Harbor. After 
two years' service he left the Navy Yard to 
accept an appointment as superintendent of 
Postoffice Station S, under Postmaster Joseph 
C. Hendrix ; later was promoted to superinten- 
dent of Station W, and later to assistant 
postmaster under Andrew T. Sullivan, and he 
also served under the administration of his suc- 
cessor, Hon. Francis H. Wilson, until the close 
of 1897, when he resigned to accept the 
office of deputy county treasurer of Kings 
County, and shortly afterward he resigned 
from this to accept the assistant secretaryship 
of the Civil Service Commission in 1898. He 
served in that capacity until appointed presi- 
dent of the board by Mayor McClellan, Janu- 
ary I, 1904. Prior to his appointment on the 
Civil Service Board, Mr. McCooey had served 
several years on the Board of the Federal Civil 
Service Commission, so that he has been ac- 



258 



HISTORY OF Long island. 



tively identified with the civil service commis- 
sion worl< since 1888, a very valuable experi- 
ence that is of great service to him now in the 
performance of his duties. 

Mr. McCooey has been most remarkably 
successful in securing appointments,' all of 
which have been on merit rather than of a po- 
litical character. He has made a very careful 
study of civil service and its requirements and 
its adaptation, and has been instrumental in 
bringing it up to its high state of efficiency. 
He has made a special effort tO' adopt the civil 
service examination as a test for the require- 
ments of the office as near as possible. He is 
probably one of the best informed men on the 
service in the country, and he is extending 'the 
system, making it more practical and raising 
the standard of proficiency. More than fifty 
thousand employees of the city are controlled 
by the civil service, and this fact alone gives 
a fair estimate of the importance of the com- 
mission. Personally Mr. McCooey is a very 
approachable and congenial man, and he en- 
joys the confidence and esteem of a wide cir- 
cle of intimate friends. One of his chief char- 
acteristics in office is his thoroughness and 
industry, which he has brought to bear in the 
discharge of the duties attached to every office 
he has held. He is an inveterate worker, and 
therefore has justly earned his various promo- 
tions. He is also a director in the Nassau 
Trust Company. The present commission is 
as follows: John H. McCooey, president; 
Joseph P. Day, Edwatd Croninshield, Jerome 
Siegel, Hal Bell and Hon. Eugene F. O'Con- 
nor. He is a stanch Democrat in his political 
affiliations, is a member of several political and 
fraternal organiza'tions, and a member of the 



Brooklyn Qub, Hanover Club, and the Friend- 
ly Sons' Society. 

Mr. McCooey married Miss Catherine I. 
Sesnon, of Brooklyn, New York, and they are 
the parents of three children. 



HENRY L. PRATT. 

The life record of Henry L. Pratt is an 
answer to the question, Can a Christian be a 
successful business man? for with him activ- 
ity in business and zeal in the work of the 
church went hand in hand and the same prin- 
ciples guided both. With a reticent nature 
that shrank from any public prominence and 
gave him almost the presence of cold reserve 
to those who did not know him, he neverthe- 
less possessed a warm sympathetic nature and 
a judicial mind, that made his influence a most 
potent element in the lives of those with whom 
he came in contact. He was well known in 
business circles in Manhattan and as a factor 
in the moral development of Brooklyn, and 
these two elements were the strongest forces 
in his career. 

Henry L. Pratt was born at Shutesbury, 
Massachusetts, on the 14th of. July, 1826. His 
advantages w"ere only such as were enjoyed 
by New England lads of the period whose 
people were in only fair financial circum- 
stances. In fact, it became necessary for him 
at an early age to ptit aside his text-books and 
enter the field of business in order to pro- 
vide for his own support. .He inherited, how- 
ever, a strong intellect and as the years ad- 
vanced improved his opportunities for ex- 
panding his knowledge. In early manhood 
he had qualified himself for school teaching, 
which profession he followed for a number 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



259 



of terms. He was still but a young man when 
he went to Cleveland, Ohio, to engage in 
the manufacture of chairs, being thus identi- 
fied with the industrial interests of that city 
for seven years. On the expiration of that 
period he returned 16 his native state, locat- 
ing in Greenfield, Massachusetts, where he 
was connected with the lumber trade. An- 
other seven years passed in that field of la- 
bor and he afterward went to Detroit, Michi- 
gan, where he became proprietor of a man- 
ufacturing enterprise conducted under the 
name of the Detroit Chair Company. In 1868, 
however, he disposed of his interests there, 
and returned to Greenfield, where he con- 
cluded arrangements that resulted in his con- 
nection with a business that has become one 
of the important productive industries of New 
England. The firm of Gunn & Amidon was 
manufacturing bit braces and other tools in 
Greenfield, and Mr. Pratt arranged with them 
to form a stock company with their business 
as a basis. An undeveloped water power at 
Millers Falls was purchased, a new factory 
was there erected and business was begun un- 
der the name of the Millers Falls Company. 
In December of the same year an office and 
salesroom were opened at No. 87 Beekman 
street. New York, and from that time until 
his death Mr. Pratt remained president of 
the company and superintended its executive 
interests. From a small beginning the en- 
terprise was developed to large proportions, 
and every year additions were made to the 
line of tools produced until the product of the 
Millers Falls Company became widely known 
throughout the United States. 

Mr. Pratt believed in maintaining a high 
quality in whatever the company manufac- 



tured, confident that a business built up on 
that principle would be permanent and endur- 
ing. He himself possessed considerable in- 
ventive genius which took tangible form in 
his work at the bench in Manhattan and re- 
sulted in some desirable improvements that 
were embodied in the tools manufactured at 
the factory in Greenfield, Massachusetts. His 
success resulted largely from a watchfulness 
of the market, a thorough study of the de- 
mands of the public and the development of 
his enterprise along modern lines, and his 
business associates and patrons had the same 
confidence in his methods and dealings that 
was shown by his friends of social and church 
circles. The days of his business career were 
not all equally bright, for at times there arose 
clouds m the business horizon that threatened 
disaster, but these seemed to stimulate him 
to more persistent effort. During the period 
of the early years of his business career he 
knew what it meant to bear the struggles that 
result from a limited income, and while he 
desired success, as does every ambitious, ener- 
getic business man, he seemed to regard him- 
self merely as the steward of his accumula- 
tions and never allowed his wealth to in any 
way warp his kindly nature or affect his treat- 
ment to those less fortunate in the business 
world. 

All who knew Henry L. Pratt bore testi- 
mony to his upright life, his high principles 
and his undeviating consistency. At the time 
he established his office in Manhattan he also 
established his home in Brooklyn, and soon 
afterward became identified with Plymouth 
church and through a long period served as 
a member of its board of deacons, and when- 
ever he filled that office he was by common 



260 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



consent chairman of the board. He rarely 
spoke in any church services outside of the 
committee-room, but in the councils of the 
church his opinions were so sound, his judg- 
ment sOi practical, that the course which he 
advocated was almost without exception fol- 
lowed. One who worked for many years with 
him as a member of the board of deacons, in 
speaking of his characteristic calmness and 
wisdom of his judgment, said: "That quality 
manifested itself always, but especially in the' 
meetings of the deacons when they had to 
deal with the cases of members of the church 
who needed help. If there is anything men 
have to do which calls for the exercise of 
loving kindness and cool wisdom combined, 
it is dealmg with cases of that kind; and I 
observed that when Mr. Pratt, as chairman 
of the board, called upon the deaconesses to 
mention the cases of need which had come to 
their knowledge, he always paid the closest 
attention to their reports and when cases were 
presented in respect to which there was doubt 
as to whether it would be wise to render as- 
sistance at all, or as to how much assistance 
should be given, Mr. Pratt always heard pa- 
tiently what others had to say before he ex- 
pressed his own opinion, and I observed that 
his opinion was always characterized by a 
ready recognition of need, a prompt and quick 
sympathy, and, at the same time, a wise judg- 
ment as to what should be done ; and his opin- 
ion was very apt to determine the action of 
the board." 

Henry L. Pratt passed away in December, 
1900, and the prayer-meeting service of Ply- 
mouth church held on the 19th of December, 
took the form of memorial exercises, at which 
many bore testimony to his position in the 



church and of the love and respect which all 
entertained for him. From one of the younger 
members came the following: "Though in 
personal disposition he was one of the most 
quiet and retiring of all the numerous merfi- 
bers of Plymouth church, Mr. -Pratt has 
been, nevertheless, one of the church's 
most influential and widely known mem- 
bers (widely known among its mem- 
bership, I mean. From larger publicity 
he always shrank.) His wide influence came 
from the sheer force of his character, break- 
ing through his great natural diffidence. Mr. 
Pratt was a man clean cut and four-square to 
all the world. A maii who could face any 
crisis, any danger, with perfect calm. Though 
an ocean of tender feeling might surge 
through his soul, he was always in absolute 
self-poise. Controlling himself, he easily con- 
trolled others." "It would be well nigh im- 
possible for me to be absent from such a meet- 
ing as this and by at least my presence, if not 
by my words, to bear testimony to the affec- 
tion and esteem and honor for the one who 
has gone from our bodily presence and whom 
we all honored and loved," said Dr. Abbott, 
his former pastor. "In losing Mr. Pratt from 
the councils of Plymouth church we have lost 
one of its wisest counselors, one of its most 
loyal friends. He v/as a man, in one sense, 
of singular contradictions. He was very cau- 
tious and yet never timid. He was, perhaps, 
the ablest representative of what I may call 
the conservative element of Plymouth church. 
He was never in a hurry to enter upon ex- 
periments, and yet when a course of action 
was decided upon, a change of policy was 
adopted — and there were some radical changes 
of policy during the time that I was connected 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



261 



with the church — he was in the fore-front in 
their administration and their execution. He 
was a man reserved and yet not reticent. He 
was always accustomed to keep his own coun- 
sels, and yet he was always ready to give his 
counsel to any one that asked him. I think 
I am safe in saying that during my connec- 
tion with his church as its pastor, he never 
volunteered advice, he never brought to me a 
criticism, he never requested me to change my 
course of action, and I know that I am right 
in saying that I never went to him on any 
question respecting, administration that he was 
not ready with his advice and glad to express 
his opinion, and I generally found his opinion 
already formed. I do not like to be positive 
in general statements. My impression is, I 
always followed his advice. I am sure if I 
ever didn't, I was sorry for it afterward. 

"He was a man of great sobriety of judg- 
ment, of great seriousness of demeanor, a man 
temperamentally serious-minded, and yet with 
a sense of humor, an appreciation of it an.d 
a creative power which was very remarkable. 
I really do not think that in the mock trial 
which was held in this room there was any 
witness on the stand that was funnier than 
Mr. Pratt. 

"He very rarely spoke in prayer meeting, 
but I think that two of the most notable 
speeches I ever heard in this room were 
speeches from him. For my part I was very 
sorry we didn't oftener hear him in these Fri- 
day evening meetings. I once went to him 
and told him so. I said, 'Mr. Pratt, you have 
power of reaching this church that few men 
have. May I not call on you? May we not 
hear from you often?' He said, 'It costs me 
too much physically every time I make a 



speech ; it is too much of a peril to my life.' 
I never asked him again, for two reasons : 
first, I had entire confidence in his judgment; 
in the second place, I knew if I argued until 
doomsday, it would do no good. 

"And yet with these contradictions, this 
caution and courage, this conservatism and 
this progress, this sobriety and this humor, 
this reticence and this readiness to give coun- 
sel, he was not a man of contradictions. That 
was the curious thing about him. Most men 
of contradictions, you can parcel them off as 
I am trying to do to-night in a crude way ; 
and yet I know it wasn't so. With him all 
these curious contradictions were merged to- 
gether. He wasn't a variety of men. He 
was one man always, a consistent man. He 
was the one man in whom all these various 
temperaments and qualities were merged and 
united in a strong unity, i don't think I ever 
thought of him as a man of contradictions un- 
til, as I caine to the meeting to-night, I said, 
how shall I speak of what I have seen of him ? 
And I said, I have seen this and this and 
this and these are antithetical. I had never 
thought of these things as antitheses before. 
I doubt if any of you had unless you had 
studied his character. 

"When I am asked what is Christianity, I 
reply first, Jesus Christ; and then I reply 
secondly, the followers of Jesus Christ. To 
believe in Christianity is to believe in Jesus 
Christ and then, secondly, it is to believe in 
just such men as Mr. Pratt. Men ask, with 
an almost cynical shrug of the shoulders, is 
it possible to be a consistent Christian and 
a really prosperous man in this business world 
of ours, and I answer Mr. Pratt. He was 
a successful business man and he was a con- 



262 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



sistent Christian. He had a New England 
conscience; nothing could induce him to 
swerve from it. He had not a New England 
conscience; he never tried to- impose his con- 
science upon other people. By what he be- 
lieved to be true and just and pure and right 
he would have stood by whatever it cost him." 
Throughout his entire life Mr. Pratt gave 
evidence of the possession of superior literary 
tastes and of literary ability, remarkable in a 
man of continuous and engrossing business 
activity. He read broadly, was a deep thinker 
and thoroughly enjoyed the companionship of 
the master minds of ancient and modern ages. 
Thus through his business, his church and his 
books he developed a well-rounded character, 
giving due prominence to the trifold nature of 
man as manifested in his physical, mental and 
moral possibilities of growth. It was, per- 
haps, his warm-hearted sympathy that most 
endeared him to his fellow men. He was 
especially interested in young men, and while 
he never volunteered advice or counsel no 
one gave more freely from the rich stores of 
wisdom and experience than did he if his 
opinions and aid were solicited. He could en- 
ter heartily into intellectual pleasures or with 
his keen zest into the joy of others, and his 
heart was ever touched by the story of sor- 
row or distress, and it was, perhaps, this ele- 
ment in his nature which won most strongly 
for him the friendship of those with whom 
he was associated and causes his memory to 
remain as a benediction to those who knew 
him. 



JOSEPH WECHSLER. 

In the sudden death of Joseph Wechsler, 
which occurred on the evening of October 21, 



i8g6, the commercial and financiaj circles of 
Brooklyn were deprived of one of their most 
prominent and useful members, and the com- 
munity of one who was known as a true phil- 
anthropist whose benefactions were generous 
and broadly distributed. His life affords a 
remarkable illustration of what may be accom- 
plished in the United States by the exercise 
of the talents marking his character, and which 
enabled him to rise from a position of obscur- 
.ity to a commanding place among the most 
important classes in the metropoli-s. A strang- 
er in a strange land at his coming from his 
home in Bavaria, with youth, health and ambi- 
tion as his sole possession, he made constant 
advancement in development of character and 
acquisition of means, and closed an active ca- 
reer of nearly forty years as the possessor of 
an ample fortune, and recognized among those 
who during that period had been most con- 
spicuously identified with the growth and im- 
provement of the city. 

Mr. Wechsler was born in 1844, in the vil- 
lage of Poppenhausen, Bavaria. At the age 
of twelve years he came to the United States 
in company with his mother and his brothers, 
Abraham, who was his senior, and Samuel and 
Herman. The little family made their home 
in the city of New York, where for three years 
Joseph Wechsler followed the calling of an ' 
itinerant vendor of dry goods and notions. In 
this humble beginning he displayed the quali- 
ties of the real merchant, and his industry and 
economy found their reward in the accumula- 
tion of a small capital. At the age of fifteen 
(in 1859), with his brothers, he opened his 
first store, at 137 Myrtle avenue, Brooklyn, 
under the firm name of J. W. Wechsler & 
Brothers. This business was profitably con- 




? Lsu-ts Pibblishinq Co, 



^<H!^U ??-tU^ .S^^,.^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



265 



tinued for a period of six years until 1865, 
when the partnership was dissolved, and Jo- 
seph Wechsler became associated with his 
cousin Abraham Abraham in a new firm, that 
of Wechsler & Abraham, whose store on lower 
Fulton street, and above Gallatin Place since 
1884, became the favorite establishment with 
the best class of shoppers in the dry goods dis- 
trict. Wechsler & Abraham were the pioneers 
in the upper Fulton street movement, and be- 
fore they dissolved partnership they had wit- 
nessed that great change of traffic which made 
their establishment the center of business. 

In 1892 Mr. Abraham paid to Mr. Wechsler 
a cash sum of nearly one and a half million 
dollars ($1,488,000) for his interest in the 
business. Tliroughout his mercantile career 
he was recognized as an expert judge of silks 
and dress goods particularly, and he was 
known to the dry goods trade of the country 
as one of the largest and most sagacious buy- 
ers in the American market. Among the hun- 
dreds of people of both sexes and all ages who 
were in his employ during the many years of 
his mercantile life, he was held in the highest 
esteem, and many owed to him the friendly 
counsel and opportune means which enabled 
them to enter upon an independent career and 
become the owners of homes and business. 
After the dissolution of his partnership with 
Mr. Abraham, Mr. Wechsler became actively 
interested in real estate affairs and became the 
owner -of several very valuable buildings. In 
Brooklyn he owned the Bijou Theatre, the 
Crescent Athletic Club House on Clinton 
street, the building at the junction of Fulton 
and Washington streets, several valuable pieces 
of land on Fulton street, and for a long time 
he was owner of the old Abbey property on the 



last named thoroughfare and DeKalb avenue, 
on which the Montauk Theatre now stands. 
In New York city he bought the corner lot 
at Broadway and Thirty-first street which be- 
came well known as "the White Elephant," 
which took its name from the sporting-goods 
house built thereon, and on this site, as soon 
as he acquired title, he erected a large stone 
building. He was also owner of two other 
large buildings in the city, one on Bond and 
the other on Mercer street. He was interested 
in various important corporations, among 
them, the Brooklyn Bank, in which he was a 
director. 

Mr. Wechsler maintained his activity in 
business affairs until the very hour before his 
demise, which was sudden and pathetically re- 
mindful of the passing away of his mother 
about twenty years before. Mf. Wechsler had 
been for years a sufferer from diabetes, which 
was the cause of his death, but his stirring 
activity and ambition would not permit him to 
desist from effort on 'account of ?. mere bodily 
infirmity. 

The funeral of Mr. Wechsler took place on 
Sunday morning following, the services being 
held in Temple Israel, at the corner of Bed- 
ford and Lafayette avenues, in the presence 
of a deeply affected congregation of friends 
who held the lamented deceased in deep affec- 
tion for his personal worth and signal useful- 
ness. He was deeply attached to the faith of 
his fathers, and was among the founders of 
the congregation from whose midst he was ten- 
derly carried to his last resting place, and with 
whom he had constantly worshipped from the 
time of organization, twenty-seven years be- 
fore. Mr. Wechsler was a man of warm- 
.hearted sympathy and unstinting liberality to- 



266 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



ward the sick, poor and distressed, and he was 
an active member in the leading benevolent and 
charitable organizations — the Samuel Lodge 
No. 63, Independent Order of B'Nai B'Rith, 
of Brooklyn ; the Hebrew Orphan Asylum As- 
,sociation, of which he was treasurer for sev- 
eral years ; and the Hebrew Benevolent Soci- 
ety. While he was among the foremost in car- 
rying out the purposes of these excellent 
bodies, his benevolences were not restricted to 
them, but he was a liberal contributor to va- 
rious other charities which appealed to him, 
and his benefactions to individuals were many 
and liberal. In the social circle, his fine per- 
sonal qualities attracted to him a host of 
friends, and he was a highly regarded member 
of the Constitution Club and the Portland 
Club, and he was numbered among the organ- 
izing members, of the last named. His quali- 
ties as husband and parent are scarcely to be 
written of here. His home was his delight 
and pride, and upon it and its inmates he lav- 
ished all that wealth could command or refined 
taste could suggest. His qualities as a man 
have found reflection in his sons, who are men 
of high character and excellent business quali- 
fications. The family reside in the beautiful 
home at 31 Eighth avenue, Brooklyn, which 
was the abode of the deceased parent, and 
where his children were born and reared. 



JAMES DALE. 

There is no one element in man's nature that 
appeals so strongly to the entire human race 
as courage, and no history that is of as wide- 
spread interest as that which records deeds 
of valor in the face of great danger. This 
is looked upon as a utilitarian age, in which 



the spirit of the times seems a search for 
wealth and for rapid gain, and yet there are 
found here and there men who follow a given 
pursuit or vocation not for the money con- 
sideration alone, but for a real love of their 
work and for the good they can do through 
that avenue of activity. Such a man was 
James Dale, who for a number of years was 
chief of the Brooklyn fire department and 
who throughout almost his entire life was 
connected with this department of public serv- 
ice. He made a record for bravery in fight- 
ing fires that is unsurpassed, and by his fear- 
less efforts he did immeasurable good in sav- 
ing life and property. 

James Dale was a native of South Amboy, 
New Jersey, born June 11, 1841, and when 
nine years of age accompanied his parents on 
their removal to New York. His youth was 
fraught with many hardships and privations, 
and he was denied many pleasures and privi- 
leges which other boys enjoy, but he seemed 
to thrive under the rough treatment of the 
world, and grew up on the river, making 
the most of his opportunities and seemingly 
giving little heed to what was unpleasant in 
his environment. When he was old enough he 
went aboard a Hudson river boat, but the 
monotony of the trips up and down the river 
palled on' the spirit of the boy who loved ex- 
citement and was at his best in the face of 
danger. The opportunity came for a change 
of occupation when he was eighteen years of 
age, and he entered upon a life work which 
was entirely congenial and which proved to 
him a field of great usefulness. He joined 
the Hudson Hose Company, No. 21, of Brook- 
lyn, a volunteer organization located on Wash- 
ington street, between Reade and Duane 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



267 



streets. Volunteer firemen were kept verj' busy 
in those clays and therefore Mr. Dale found 
himself in a congenial atmosphere. In fact the 
work of the company was so great that a 
steam engine was purchased for it, and the 
Hudson River Engine Company, No. 58, was 
organized. Mr. Dale's familiarity with en- 
gines gained for him the position of engineer, 
in which capacity he long served. 

At that time there was much rivalry be- 
tween the various volunteer fire companies, 
and usually when two companies went to the 
same fire they would contend for champion- 
ship before the beginning the work of ex- 
tinguishing the conflagration. On more than 
one occasion blood was shed before one com- 
pany would retreat, leaving the other in pos- 
session of the field. Captain Dale had trou- 
blous times to keep his men in order and make 
them do their work in fighting fire, rather 
than fighting the men of the rival company. 
The feeling between his own company and 
that of Company No. 40 became so great that 
both were finally disbanded. 

Captain Dale then joined Engine Company 
No. 38, and about the time of the close of 
the Civil war in 1865 he became a member 
of the Brooklyn Pacific Engine Company, No. 
15, on Pierrepont street, as its engineer, the 
position being secured for him by Frederick 
S. Massey, afterward fire commissioner, then 
foreman of the company. From that time on 
his promotions were continuous and consecu- 
tive until he became chief. When he 
had served as engineer for four years the 
paid department was organized, and Mr. Mas- 
sey, who became commissioner, appointed Mr. 
Dale to the position he had vacated, that of 
foreman of Company No. 14, which became 



Company No. 5. The new foreman made an 
excellent record, and in 1872 was advanced 
to the position of district engineer, which 
corresponds to that of battalion chief at the 
present. In 1893 he succeeded Assistant Chief 
John Smith, who was retired, and after a 
brief interval in that position he became the 
successor of Fore Chief Thomas F. Nevins, 
through appointment of Commissioner Mer- 
ster. He had remained at the head of the 
Brooklyn department for four years, when 
the consolidation of the cities was affected, 
at which time he was made deputy chief of 
the department of Greater New York and was 
placed in command of the entire division of 
Brooklyn and Queens. 

Chief Dale was never absent from any fire 
of importance, while at the head of the fire 
system of this borough, and in his work he 
manifested superior ability in directing the 
labors of his men, the use of the apparatus, 
so that maximum results were accomplished 
with minimum effort.' He never needlessly 
exposed his men to danger, and yet when 
duty called he led them into most perilous 
positions, always taking the greatest risks him- 
self, and doing everything in his power to 
guard against the loss of life and the destruc- 
tion of property. On many "occasions he was 
injured and he bore the scars of many fires. 
Among the notable conflagrations at which 
he was in attendance, in his official capacity, 
were the wholesale grocery store on Flushing 
avenue and the Harbeck store, in 1882. In 
the former his ears were almost burned off 
and were sw6llen to several times their nor- 
mal size for days afterward; in the latter he 
was one of the daring band of nineteen, all 
of whom were injured, while one was killed. 



268 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



in a desperate attempt to save endangered 
property. He it was, at the Brooklyn The- 
ater fire, who first suggested that there might 
be bodies in the ruins. Chief Nevins had 
put out the fire and soal'ced the ruins with 
water and nearly all of the firemen had gone 
home, when Mr. Dale said he believed many 
people had been lost in the theater, notwith- 
standing the assertion of the police that all 
had escaped. His judgment was correct, for 
upon investigation more than three hundred 
bodies were taken out. 

One of the largest fires which Chief Dale 
was called upon to fight was that of Newtown 
Creek. The blaze started in a whiting factory, 
around which were lumber yards covering 
hundreds of acres — a splendid thing for the 
flames to feed upon, and when it was all over 
pile after pile of half burned boards showed 
how strenuously Captain Dale and his men 
had worked to impede the progress of the 
destroying element. In the meantime envy 
and the ambition of others had set on foot 
a plan to get rid of Captain Dale, who had 
reached the age limit of service, and whose 
place was sought by others. Charges were 
made of inefficient service at the Newtown 
Creek fire, but Commissioner Learnell exoner- 
ated him and praised highly his conduct infight- 
ing fires. That eflfort failing, it was then at- 
tempted to secure his removal on the grounds 
of physical disability, but it was not until 
four months before his death that this was 
done. 

It was a great blow to Captain Dale to 
have to give up his chosen life work, and 
when he did not have the stimulus which it 
gave him he failed quite rapidly. Heart trou- 
ble and nervous indigestion undermined his 



once strong constitution, and undoubtedly the 
malady was greatly aggravated by the fact that 
his life occupation was gone, and to a man of 
his active, energetic nature, work was a neces- 
sity. He spent many hours in the fire de- 
partments and in neighborhoods where his 
labors had called him, and ever manifested the 
same genial, jovial spirit, but the end came, 
after a few weeks of illness. The personal 
characteristics of the man endeared him to 
a very large circle of friends. None who 
ever saw him at a fire ever doubted his per- 
sonal bravery and valor. Those who knew 
aught of his methods also recognized his cool- 
ness in times of excitement, the calmness and 
soundness of his judgment, which permitted 
him to use to the best advantages the oppor- 
tunities and the equipments at hand. They 
also saw that study and experience had well 
qualified him for the most responsible work 
which fell to his lot. His co-laborers and 
his friends in social life always found him 
with a ready smile and pleasant word, and 
the true nobility of his nature was manifest 
in countless little acts of his everyday life 
as well as upon momentous occasions when 
he faced peril and death. 



WILLIAM KING CORT. 

William King Cort, whose influence and 
activity were factors in the business and re- 
ligious life of the Eastern District, was born 
on the Bowery in New York, March 3, 1829. 

He was the son of Elizabeth King, of the 
old New England King family, and Nicholas 
Cort, who was the grandson of Michael House- 
worth, one of the pioneer settlers of New 
York city, who was killed during the Revolu- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



271 



tionary War. Nicholas Cort, a genial, happy- 
hearted Methodist, was a stove manufacturer, 
and introduced the use of anthracite coal for 
heating purposes. In 1823 he established a 
business in New York city which had a con- 
tinuous exi,stence for more than eighty years. 
He conducted stores both on the Bowery and 
in Water street, and was succeeded in mer- 
cantile life by his sons. He had five sons and 
three daughters, six of whom survived him, 
and until the demise of William K. Cort, 
there had been no death in his family during 
a quarter of a century. 

William K. Cort was reared in New York 
city, educated in the Mechanic's School, and 
was for more than forty years a resident of the 
city, but for the last thirty years of his life he 
was a resident of the Eastern District of 
Brooklyn.' He was with his father in business 
until the Gold Fever of 1849, when he went 
to California, fully equipped with material for 
establishing a business such as he was familiar 
with in the new west. He even carried with 
him a portable house, which was quite a nov- 
elty in those early days. His long six months' 
trip 'in a sailing vessel to that new country 
was one of great interest, and he never tired 
of telling, nor his family of hearing, of those 
thrilling incidents of his life on shipboard. He 
visited various ports in Mexico and South 
America along the route. The voyage around 
Cape Horn, while a rough one and attended 
with difficulties, was safely made, and the de- 
sired haven reached at last. He stayed in 
California about five years, with more or less 
success in his business venture, when on a 
summons home to see his mother, who had 
what was supposed to be a fatal illness, he 
returned, and yielded to his family's persua- 



sions to remain in the east, though he fully ap- 
preciated the beauty and wonder, to say noth- 
ing of the promise, of that new land of the 
west. After his return to New York his busi- 
ness career was identified with the mercantile 
enterprises of his father, and in this line he 
continued with more or kss activity until his 
death, which occurred on the 27th of February, 
1903. 

He was a zealous member of St. John's 
Methodist Episcopal Church, with which he 
united during the period of its early history. 
His labors in its behalf extended to many 
lines of religious activity, and as an official 
member he was known as trustee and as class 
leader, while he regularly served as usher in 
the church until his wife's feeble health pre- 
vented her from accompanying him, and he 
gradually fell into the habit of spending his 
entire Sabbath at home in her company, as, in 
fact, was all of his leisure time, his love of 
home being intense. 

He was a man of striking appearance, of 
marked vitality, and with a vigorous consti- 
tution, which enabled him to continue an ac- 
tive life, untiringly at the period when vigor 
usually gives way to age. He neither felt nor 
acted old, his favorite reply to an inquiry as 
to his health being, "Pretty well for a young 
fellow." He possessed a most genial, happy 
disposition, which, combined with his high 
Christian character, gained for him the love 
and respect of many. His kindly, sympathetic, 
unselfish nature influenced him in his rela- 
tions to those with whom he came in contact, 
and he took great pleasure in doing a friendly 
turn or granting a favor. 

He was married in 1858 to Charlotte A. 
Conklin, and lived a harmonious and beautiful 



272 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



life with her until his death. She survives 
him with four daughters : Ida Cort Davenport ; 
Lottie A. Cort, M. D., a practicing physician 
in Brooklyn; May Isabel, wife of William C. 
Black; and Marion Willa, wife of George P. 
Needham. Also four grandchildren, daugh- 
ters and son oi William C. and May C. Black : 
Lottie Cort, William Clayton, Jean Van Hol- 
land, and Ruth Havens Black. 



DAVID B. POWELL. 

David B. Powell, a native of Rockville Cen- 
ter, Queens county. Long Island, is a descen- 
dant of an old and eminently respected family. 
His grandfather, Stephen Powell, was among 
the early settlers of Rockville Center, and 
his ancestors were among the colonists who - 
came to Long Island from New England. 
Family tradition states that they were of Eng- 
lish origin. Stephen Powell was a farmer by 
occupation and followed that line of work 
for the greater part of his life in the town of > 
Rockville Center, where his death occurred at 
the age of more than four score and ten years. 
Among his children was a son, Thomas Pow- 
ell, who was reared and educated at Rockville 
Center and spent the majority of his life upon 
the family homestead. He, like his father, was 
a tiller of the soil, and at the time of his death 
had attained nearly four score years of age. 
He was united in marriage to Sarah Cornwell, 
who was of English descent, and a daughter of 
William Cornwell, the mother dying when 
their daughter Sarah was an infant, therefore 
not much is known of her family record. The 
following named children were born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Powell : William, David B., Henry 
S., Stephen, Gideon N., and Thomas Powell, 



all of whom married and attained mature years 
of life with the exception of Henry S., who 
died a bachelor. The mother of these children 
lived to the extreme old age of ninety-six 
years. 

David B. Powell was born September 23, 
1 82 1. He spent his childhood in the parental 
homestead, and received his early educational 
training in the schools of the neighborhood. 
When he was fifteen years of age he decided to 
begin life on his own account, his first employ- 
ment being in a grocery store in Brooklyn, 
where he continued in the same line of work 
for three years. During this time the ambi- 
tious clerk sought to improve every opportun- 
ity for accjuiring more knowledge, and so suc- 
cessful was he in his object that at the 
expiration of his three years of clerkship he 
was cjualified to become a teachef. He then 
returned to Rockville Center, where he taught 
school for about two years, after which he re- 
turned to Brooklyn and established a grocery 
business of his own on Myrtle avenue, he being 
then only twenty years of age. In this under- 
taking he met with a well merited degree of 
success, and in 1865, wishing to engage in a 
line of business which would afford a broader 
field for trade, he engaged in the boot and shoe 
jobbing and wholesale trade at No. 6 Warren 
street, New York city, where by his perse- 
verance and industry he built up the nucleus 
of a successful business. The demands of the 
trade having outgrown his facilities, he re- 
moved his business to No. 130 Duane street, 
where he soon after organized the firm of 
Powell, Broiher & Co., which consisted of 
David B. Powell, as the senior member, his 
brother Gideon N. Powell and Enoch R. Tuth- 
ill. Under the well directed efforts of these 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



273 



three gentlemen the business rapidly increased 
in volume and importance, and the name of 
the firm became everywhere known as synon- 
ymous with straightforward and honorable 
business methods. Mr. Powell continued his 
active participation in the conduct of the busi- 
ness up to 1894, when owing to his numerous 
and varied interests he withdrew from the ac- 
tive managenient of the firm, but retaining his 
interest in the same. His son, Leander T. 
Powell, a member of the firm of Powell & 
Campbell, having died in 1893, Mr. Powell 
assumed the direction of the business, and 
th? following year, upon the demise of Mr. 
Campbell, he purchased his interest and has 
conducted the business up to the present time. 
Thus it will be seen that the name of Powell 
has been uninterruptedly associated with the 
wholesale shoe business in New York city 
' for nearly forty years. Having started from 
a modest beginning, Mr. Powell has by his 
indefatigable perseverance and straightfor- 
ward business methods aided materially in 
building up a business aggreg'ating nearly 
two million dollars annually. In addition to 
his commercial interests Mr. Powell is con- 
•nected with a number of leading financial 
institutions. In 1886 he was elected presi- 
dent of the National City Bank of Brooklyn, 
a position which he filled for nine consecu- 
tive years, after which he resigned, owing to 
the increased demand upon his time by his 
numerous other interests ; he, however, is still 
a member of the directorate of th'e bank. He 
is an active member of the board of direc- 
tors of the Washington Trust Company of 
New York city; the Hamilton Trust Com- 
pany of Brooklyn ; the New York and New 
Jersey Telephone Company ; the Phoenix In- 



surance Company of Brooklyn; and the 
Brooklyn Warehouse and Dry Dock Com- 
pany. While Mr. Powell has never shirked 
his duties as a citizen, he has always 
refused public preferment, choosing rather 
to give his undivided time and attention 
to his varied business interests. In brief, to 
sum up the various characteristics which have 
insured success in his entire business career, 
it can be correctly stated that he is a self- 
made man in the fullest sense in which the 
term is applied. 

Mr. Powell was married at Miiburn, Queens 
county. Long Island, January 3, 1843, to Miss 
Hester A. Treadwell, daughter of William and 
Elizabeth (Cornell) Treadwell, both of whom 
were natives of Long Island. Their son, 
Leander T. Powell, was born June 11, 1845, 
and died March 3, 1893. The faithful wife 
and mother passed away September 17, 1901. 
She was a most estimable lady, possessed of 
many excellencies of character, and was be- 
loved and esteemed by all who came in con- 
tact with her. 



LEANDER T. POWELL. 

Leander T. Powell, son of David B. and 
Hester A. (Treadwell) Powell, was' born at 
the family homestead in the Fourth Ward, 
Brooklyn, June 11, 1845. His educational 
training was obtained under the tuition of 
private tutors. When he was eighteen years 
of age he began his first employment, in a 
clerical capacity, with the Moritauk Insurance 
Company of Brooklyn, where he continued 
for some time. Soon after he had attained 
his majority he decided to begin business on 
his own -account, being possessed of good 



274 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



purpose and a strong determination to suc- 
ceed. He began in the shoe jobbing and 
wholesale trade at number 20 Warren street, 
New York city, in partnership with Aaron 
Smith, under the firm name of Aaron Smith 
& Company. The business was successfully 
continued by this firm until Mr. Smith's 
death. The enterprise had attained consid- 
erable proportions under the well directed 
efforts of these two gentlemen, and Mr. Pow- 
ell soon after associated himself with Robert 
Campbell, and they moved their establish- 
ment to 122 and 124 Duane street, under the 
firm name of Powell and Campbell. Here the 
business was successfully continued under the 
able management and direction of Mr. Powell 
and his associate, and for about a quarter of a 
century the firm name of Powell & Campbell 
enjoyed a foremost place in the wholesale 
shoe trade in the metropolis, and the firm 
name was always regarded as synonymous 
with straightforward business methods. 

Mr. Powell, not unlike his father, was also 
identified with several leading financial insti- 
tutions. He was one of the organizers and 
for a number of years served on the board of 
directors of the Washington Trust Company 
of New York city, and was also a member 
of the directorate of the National City Bank 
of Brooklyn, of which institution his father 
had honorably served as president for a pe- 
riod of nine years. 

Mr. Powell was married in February, 1882, 
to Miss Rebecca B. Frances, daughter of John 
and Isabella Frances, both of Brooklyn, and 
to this union had born to him two children 
viz. : Isabella F., who became the wife of 
Dr. C. S. Elevash, of New York city,- and 
has one son, Baisley Powell Elevash. The sec- 



ond child of the marriage of our subject is 
Ethel H. The father of these children passed 
away March 3, 1893, leaving to his family an 
ample competence ■ and the priceless heritage 
of an honorable name. Mr. Powell was a 
most worthy and good citizen and in all his re- 
lations in life conscientiously performed his 
duties according to his just convictions. He 
was a kind and loving husband, and an in- 
dulgent parent to his children. 



THOMAS F. BYRNES. 

Thomas F. Byrnes, collector of city revenue 
and superintendent of markets, for many years 
a well known contractor on public work in 
Brooklyn, and one of the leaders of the Demo- 
cratic party in the Eleventh Assembly Dis- 
trict, was born May 2, 1859, in Brooklyn, New 
York, of Irish parentage. 

His educational privileges were those af- 
forded by public school No. 3, and after lay- 
ing aside his text books he served an appren- 
ticeship at the trade of blacksmith, which line 
of work he followed for twelve or thirteen 
years. He then devoted his attention to work 
for the city. He also performed macadam 
work in Flushing, Bayside, the Eastern Park- 
way, about $260,000 worth of work on the 
streets of New Utrecht, Glenmore avenue 
from old city line to East New York, to 
Woodhaven, besides other large and import- 
ant contracts in Brooklyn. Prior to his en- 
tering the political arena as a candidate for 
legislative honors he was prominently identi- 
fied with labor matters, having served as dele- 
gate to District Assembly No. 75, Knights of 
Labor, member of the Central Labor Union, 
and for two terms was president of the Na- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. , 



275 



tional Association of Journeymen Horse- 
shoers. 

During the years 1890-91-92-93, four terms, 
he served as a member of assembly, was then 
appointed deputy commissioner of water sup- 
ply, gas and electricity, January i, 1904, and 
later received his present appointment, having 
been removed for political reasons as deputy 



cratic Club, member of Christopher Council, 
K. of C, and a delegate to various conven- 
tions. 




commissioner of water supply, gas and elec- 
tricity. He is a member of the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks, serving as a 
member of the board of trustees of the same; 
member of the Democratic Club of New 
York ; member of and president of the Monroe 
Democratic Club ; member of the Eleventh 
Assembly District Democratic Club; one of 
the incorporators 6f the Kings County Demo- 



CHARLES H. DUTCHER. 

Charles H. Dutcher, deceased, for many 
years an active and influential factor in the 
financial and church circles of Brooklyn, New 
York, was born in Sheffield, Massachusetts, 
and traced his lineage tO' a mixed Puritan 
and Holland Dutch stock. He possessed a 
weight of character, a native sagacity, a keen 
and far-seeing judgment, and a fidelity of pur- 
pose that commanded the respect of all with 
whom he was brought in contact either in a 
business or social relation. 

The public school and the town academy 
of Sheffield, Massachusetts, aflforded Charles 
H. Dutcher a practical English education 
which qualified him for an active and use- 
ful career. In early life he settled in Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, and for a - short period of 
time was employed in a mercantile business. 
During the year 1855 he removed to Brook- 
lyn, New York, and engaged in the commis- 
sion business, which he conducted until the 
outbreak of hostilities between the north and 
south, when he enlisted as a private in Com- 
pany A, Thirteenth Regiment, New York 
State M.ilitia, which was assigned to- duty un- 
der the command of General Benjamin F. 
Butler and stationed first at Annapolis, Mary- 
land. He remained with the regiment until 
his term of service expired and then returned 
to his home in Brooklyn. In 1865 he entered 
the service of the Continental Fire Insurance 
Company, was attached to the Brooklyn 
branch, and served in various capacities un- 



276 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



til he was appointed to the secretaryship, 
which post he held up to within a few months 
prior to his decease. He was one of the or- 
ganizers of the Baptist Home, in Brooklyn, 
served as its secretary from 1875 to 1883, 
when he was appointed president, and from 
that year up to his death he creditably and 
efficiently performed the duties of that office ; 
he was also one of the organizers and the 
treasurer of the Brooklyn Boys' Club. He 
was a- constituent member of the Emanuel 
Baptist church, which is under the pastoral 
care of Dr. Humpstone, was a deacon from 
the time of its organization, and for many 
years served in the capacity of superintendent 
of the Sunday-school. He was an active par- 
ticipant in the better part of politics, and 
fulfilled all the duties and obligations of a 
loyal and public-spirited citizen. He held 
membership in the Veteran Association of the 
Thirteenth Regiment, the Ulysses S. Grant 
Post No. 327, Grand Army of the Republic, 
and the Society of Old Brooklynites. 

In 1859 Mr. Dutcher married Amanda 
Strong, daughter of Captain Henry and Eliza 
Strong, and six children were the issue of 
this union. The illness of Mr. Dutcher, which 
resulted in his death in Octobef, 1903, began 
with an attack of angina pectoris in May, 
1903, and wa.s aggravated by a complication 
of diseases. Although in his sixty-ninth year, 
he was strong and vigorous and his death was 
a severe shock to many of his friends, who 
were unav/are of his illness. The funeral 
servites were conducted in the Emanuel Bap- 
tist church, and from pulpit to door there was 
not a vacant seat. But a crowded church, 
sweet music, and eloquent and fitting ad- 
dress — these do not suffice to characterize this 



unusual occasion. It was due to, and can be 
understood only by the life and record of the 
man, and it signalized the fact that in these 
days when materialism seems to reign tri- 
umphant, spirituality still has its own scep- 
ter, its own power. His service to Brook- 
lyn was a service of goodness. Widows and 
orphans, charitable societies, wordly men to 
whom he brought the vision of the other 
world, the poor and suffering, the white and 
black man, all these rise up and call him 
blessed. The following is an extract from 
the address of Dr. Humpstone : " 'My dear,' 
said the dying Bunsen to his wife, 'in your 
face I see a revelation of the eternal' — in 
Charles H. Butcher's face we saw a revela- 
tion of the divine — God grant him rest !" 



HENRY. EDWIN NESMITH. 

Henry E. Nesmith, prominent in business 
in Brooklyn and New York, is a native of the 
city, born in 1854, son of Henry Edwin and 
Sarah (Macomber) Nesmith, and grandson 
of James Nesmith, who was a native of Bel- 
fast, Maine. James Nesmith 'came to New 
York in 1828, where he was a shipowner and 
merchant, maintaining bis office on South 
street. New York city, where the son and 
grandson were since located. 

Henry Edwin Nesmith (father) was born 
in Adams street, Brooklyn, his parents having 
removed thence from Boston. He was edu- 
cated in public school No. i, and subsequently 
engaged in a .shipping and commission busi- 
ness, at his death being the surviving mem- 
ber of the firm of Nesmith & Sons, founded in 
1828. He erected the house in which he died, 
No. 117 Remsen street, Brooklyn, forty-eight 






■^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



279 



years ago, at that time there being but half a 
dozen houses in the block. He served as a 
director of the Mechanics' National Bank for 
thirty-three years. He died at the age of 
seventy-three years. Of the children born to 
him and his wife, Sarah (Macomber) Ne- 
smith, a member of an old family of Boston, 
Massachusetts, the following named survive 
him: Henry E. Nesmith, Mrs. Benjamin A. 
Jessup, of Brooklyn; Mrs. Henry E. Baxter, 
of Montclair, New Jersey; Howard M- 
Nesmith, of Flushing, Long Island; Mrs. Ed- 
ward H. Shethar, of Great Neck, Long Island ; 
and Charles A. Nesmith, of Flushing, Long 
Island. Twenty-three of his grandchildren 
were living at the time of his death. 

Henry E. Nesmith, son of Henry E. and 
Sarah (Macomber) Nesmith, was educated in 
the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. In 
1875 he entered the shipping and warehouse 
business established by his grandfather, and 
in 1893 his brother, Howard M. Nesmith, be- 
came associated with him in its conduct. Mr. 
Nesmith is the president of the Nesmith & 
Constantine Company, whose business is the 
storing of mahogany, cedar and other hard 
woods. He is also interested in various other 
corporations. He has taken an active and in- 
telligent interest in public affairs, and was 
prominent in the famous "Citizens' Move- 
ment" of some years ago. He is a member 
of the Chamber of Commerce, the Produce and 
Maritime Exchanges, and of the Sons of the 
Revolution ; also of the Lawyers, Hamilton, 
Oxford and Crescent Clubs, and the Citizens' 
League, and with his family is a pewholder in 
Emanuel Baptist Qiurch. 

Mr. Nesmith married in 1878 Miss Sarah 
Mann Macomber, of Boston, Massachusetts, 



and to them were born four children — Sarah 
Helena, Ralph H., Ruth and Ethel C. Nesmith. 
The family reside at No. 265 Washington ave- 
nue, Brooklyn. 



ALBRO J. NEWTON. 

Faithfulness to duty and strict adherence to 
a fixed purpose in life will do more to advance 
a man's interests than wealth or advantageous 
circumstances. The successful men of the day 
are they who have planned their own advance- 
ment and have accomplished- it in spite of many 
obstacles and with a certainty that could have 
been obtained only through their own efforts. 
Of this class is Albro J. Newton a representa- 
tive,, and his extensive business interests now 
bring him an excellent financial return. At 
the same time he belongs to that class of rep- 
resentative Americans whose labors result not 
alone to their individual prosperity, but are 
far-reaching in their valuable influence and 
public aid. 

Mr. Newton is numbered among the native 
sons of the Empire State, his birth having, oc- 
curred in Sherburne, Chenango county, New 
York, in 1832. His father, William Newton, 
was a native of Connecticut, but located in 
New York in the early period of the nine- 
teenth century. He became a farmer and 
contractor, and was not only known as a 
prominent business man but was also one of 
the foremost citizens of his native town, and 
was honored with various public offices. He 
was likewise a member of the Congregational 
church, and did all in his power for the pro- 
motion of Christian principles among his fel- 
low men. His death occurred in 1879, when 
he had reached the age of ninety-three years. 



280 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



and his wife passed away in 1883, when ninety- 
four years of age. The worthy couple traveled 
life's journey together as man and wife for 
sixty-nine years, and were the parents of 
eleven children, nine of whom reached mature 
life, while some attained to prominence in pro- 
fessional circles. 

Albro J. Newton pursued his education in 
Sherburne Academy of his native town, and 
after leaving school remained upon the farm 
until 1854, when he went to Binghamton, 
New York, and entered into partnership in the 
lumber business with Whitman Kenyon. The 
firm carried on operations at that place until 
1861, when they decided to remove their busi- 
ness to Brooklyn, and under the firm name of 
Ken3'on & Newton they soon established an 
extensive business as dealers in lumber and 
manufacturers of doors, sashes and blinds, on 
Wyckoff street. In 1867 the enterprise was 
removed to its present location on Union 
street, they being forced to secure more com- 
modious quarters in order to meet the grow- 
ing demands of a constantly increasing pat- 
ronage. The plant now covers a space of 
seventy city lots, and employment is fur- 
nished to from one hundred and fifty to two 
hundred men. Whitman W. Kenyon, son of 
Mr. Kenyon, was admitted to the firm, and 
on the retirement of the senior partner in 
1893, Mr. Newton and Whitman W. Kenyon 
continued the enterprise. In 1897 the busi- 
ness was incorporated with Mr. Newton as 
president, L. A. Lewis as vice-president, and 
William L. Newton as secretary and treas- 
ury:. 

Mr. Newton is a man of strong business 
force and sound judgment, as well as resource- 
ful ability, and his efforts have been extended 



into many fields of labor. He is a director of 
the Eighth Ward Bank, and of the Kings 
County Bank, also of the Franklin Trust 
Company, and is a trustee for the Brooklyn 
Society for Saving. He is likewise vice-presi- 
dent for the Lumbermen's Association of New 
York and trustee of the South Brooklyn Sav- 
ings Institution. 

In the year i860 Mr. Newton was united in 
marriage with Miss Delia Lewis, a daughter 
of Nathaniel L. Lewis, of Otsego county. New 
York, and by their union were born four 
children : Grace^ now the wife of A. G,. Dana ; 
Harriet, wife of Edwin R. Dimond, of San 
Francisco, California ; William L., who mar- 
ried Florence E., a daughter of Joseph E. 
Crown, of Brooklyn, and has one child ; and 
Adelia L., who completes the family. The 
mother passed away in 1878. 

Mr. Newton is a trustee of Pilgrim Church, 
and has given a hearty co-operation to many 
movements which have contributed in a large 
measure to the improvement and upbuilding 
of the city. Few lives furnish so striking an 
example of the wise application of sound prin- 
ciples and safe conservatism as does that of 
Mr. Newton. The story of his success is short 
and simple, containing no exciting chapters, 
but in it lies one of the most valuable secrets 
of the great prosperity which it records, and 
his private and business life are pregnant with 
interest and incentive, no matter how lacking 
in dramatic action — the record of a noble Hfe, 
consistent with itself and its possibilities in 
every particular. 



CAPTAIN CHARLES C. BARNES. 

Captain Charles C. Barnes, deceased, for 
almost half a centurv a resident of Brook- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



281 



lyn, New York, widely known in political and 
military circles and in religious and benevo- 
lent activities, was born February 25, 1824, 
in the district now known as the east side of 
New York city, which at that time was one 
of the best, but subsequently he became a resi- 
dent of the eastern district of the borough of 
Brooklyn, and his interest in community af- 
fairs was manifest by co-operation in many 
measures for the public good. His father 
died when he was sixteen months old, and his 
mother was left with two sons tO' support. 

Charles C. Barnes was reared on the east 
side of New York city and attended the pub- 
lic schools in the neighborhood of his home. 
During his boyhood he secured employment 
in. a stationery store in New York and after- 
ward as a clerk in the employ of Crocker & 
Warren, East India merchants, whose place 
of business was destroyed by the great fire of 
1845. After five years' service with the house, 
in recognition of his valuable and conscien- 
tious labor, he was given charge of a vessel 
and sent to Calcutta, India, to purchase a 
one hundred thousand dollar cargo of goods, 
he being then only twenty-one years of age. 
About this time he met his future estimable 
wife, who, after her marriage, accompaniril 
him on some of his subsequent five voyages to 
Calcutta, on one of which the ship was 
wrecked and lost off the coast of Africa, but 
Captain Barnes returned, procured another 
vessel and made the trip. As the climate'of 
India was unhealthful to Mrs. Barnes, and 
not wishing to be away from his wife and 
home as long as the trips necessitated, he 
abandoned them entirely and became a weigh- 
er of East India goods, in which he continued 



until seventy-twO' years of age, when he re- 
tired from active pursuits. 

At the time of the Civil war Mr. Barnes 
espoused the cause of the Union and fought 
for its defense on southern battlefields, per- 
forming his full duty as a soldier. He was 
afterward one of the organizers of the Forty- 
seventh Regiment of the New York National 
Guard, and became a captain of Company 
B. Later he was affiliated with the Veteran 
Organization of that regiment, and his deep 
interest in military circles never abated. At 
the time of his death he was one of the old- 
est trustees of the Eastern District Hospital, 
was ever deeply interested in its afifairs, and 
gave effective co-operation in its practical and 
commendable work. He was likewise zealous < 
and untiring in behalf of the growth of the 
Tompkins Avenue Congregational church and 
in the extension of its influence, and for 
fifteen years served as one of its official mem- 
bers. Fraternally he was connected with 
Hyatt Lodge No. 215, Free and Accepted 
Masons. Captain Barnes was very highly 
esteemed by all who^ knew him, and he had 
many warm friendships. He possessed a very 
genial nature and atfectionate disposition, and 
was always extremely solicitous and affec- 
tionate in his devotion to his wife, who had 
been his faithful companion for over fifty 
years. While Captain Barnes never sought 
political preferment of prominence outside of 
the borough of Brooklyn, yet because of his 
close connection with the various activities 
mentioned and because of the sterling traits 
of his character, he so endeared himself to 
his fellowmen as to cause his death to be 
the occasion of deep and uniform regret 
throughout Brooklyn, and when he passed 



282 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



away on May 5, 1903, his remains were in- 
terred with both Masonic and Military honors. 
In June, 1848, Captain Barnes was married, 
and a half century later he and his wife cele- 
brated their golden wedding anniversary. His 
widow, in the eighty-sixth year of her age, 
survives him, as do also five children : Charles 
W., George H., Mrs. Richard Kelley, Mrs. 
Samuel Brown, and Mrs. Paintor Meserole. 



ALLEN GRAY. 

Allen Gray, deceased, was for nearly a half 
century one of the most widely and favorably 
known business men of Brooklyn, and one 
whose graces of personal character endeared 
him to an unusually large number of personal 
friends, particularly in the eastern district of 
the city where was his home and where his 
social life was passed in greater part. 

Mr. Gray was a native of the state of New 
York, born in CHnton, April 8, 1816. With 
such educational preparation as the public 
schools could afford, he eijtered upon an act- 
ive career at the early age of sixteen, engag- 
ing in a clothing business in New York city 
in association with his brother-in-law, James 
Vance. They were reasonably successful, but 
conceived the idea that the south presented a 
more promismg field, and they went to New 
Orleans, Louisiana, where they opened a store 
in the same line of trade. Success attended 
them, and they soon established a branch store 
at Little Rock, Arkansas. They were now 
on the high road to larger enterprises, but 
there were serious obstacles. Mr. Gray was 
unacclimated, and yellow fever had broken out 
in a virulent form, while at the same time 
the mutterings of the approaching Civil war 



were already to be heard. Fearing for his 
health, and also apprehensive of a paralyza- 
tion of business, Mr. Gray closed out his af- 
fairs and took his departure for Brooklyn, 
New York, which was destined to be his home 
and the scene of his activity during the re- 
mainder of his life. 

Associating with himself Mr. Edward 
Smith, in the firm of A. Gray & Company, 
the two opened a clothing store at 51 Fourth 
street, now Bedford avenue, on the site of 
the building of the Nassau Trust Company. 
From the first Mr. Gray devoted all his ener- 
gies to the upbuilding of the business, and 
during his entire connection with it was noted 
for his great industry, sagacity and progres- 
siveness. He was almost restless in his activ- 
ity, and was ever on the alert to find new 
channels of trade, and his effort found its re- 
ward in a continuous expansion which neces- 
sitated various changes in the personnel of 
the firm and in the location of its establish- 
ment. After a time T. S. Cooper was ad- 
niited to partnership, and the firm became 
Smith, Gray, Cooper & Company. Mr. Cooper 
subsequently withdrew and was succeeded by 
John S. McKeon, and the style of the firm 
was changed to Smith, Gray, McKeon & 
Company. The business was removed to a 
larger house at 93 and 97 Broadway, which 
came to be known as the Smith Building. 
The building of an addition soon became nec- 
essary, and not long afterward, another 
removal was made to the present location at 
Broadway and Bedford avenue, and it was 
here that the business passed intO' the hands 
of Smith, Gray & Company. During all these 
years Mr. Gray was the moving spirit, and 
the mainspring of the various movements 




J^^i^ ,y^a.^iyL^(y<l-dh^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



285 



which resulted in an almost phenomenal ex- 
pansion of its field until it came to be nuriiT 
bered among the most progressive and. suc- 
cessful mercantile houses of the city. Mr. 
Gray was particularly sagacious in recogniz- 
ing opportunities, and he established a num- 
ber of branch stores at eligible points. 

During the months of his application to 
business Mr. Gray exerted himself to the ut- 
most, but soon after his firm establishment he 
made it his custom to pass a summer vaca- 
tion each year at Saratoga. Here in the year 
1900 he first realized that he had overtaxed 
his strength. He was attacked with heart fail- 
ure and dropsy, and he at once returned home, 
where he was afforded the best of medical at- 
tendance. On several occasions afterward he 
sought recuperation in the bracing atmos- 
phere of the Blue Ridge, in Virginia, but 
without avail. While practically invalided 
from the first appearance of his ailment until 
his demise, he did not lose his buoyancy of 
spirit, rarely complained, and kept in touch 
with his business affairs, in an advisory and 
directory way, and for these reasons, in spite 
of his greatly advanced age (eighty-seven 
years), many of his friends entertained the 
hope that he would yet be. spared for some 
years. They were doomed, however, to a 
bitter disappointment, and the stricken man 
passed away. The sorrow of the afflicted was 
intensified by the illness of a daughter-in-law 
of Mr. Gray, Mrs. Leslie Gray, who was 
scarcely convalescent after a serious attack of 
typhoid fever. On this account the funeral 
was private. The officiating clergyman was 
the pastor and close personal friend of the 
deceased, the Rev. Dr. Darlington, who pro- 
nounced a fervent tribute in which he said 



of Mr. Gray that "he was a man of kindly 
disposition, liberal to those in need, and de- 
voted to his home and family." The inter- 
ment took place in Greenwood cemetery, by 
the side of the wife of his youth, a woman 
of lovely character who had been his de- 
voted companion for but a few months less 
than fifty years. She was Miss Eliza Smith, 
to whom he was married September 25, 1844, 
and who died June 23, 1894. Surviving the 
parents are two children — Leslie H. Gray and 
Mrs. James E. Wilson. 

Mr. Gray was an attendant at Christ church 
(Protestant Episcopal) Bedford avenue. He 
was a member of Metropolitan Lodge, ,F. & 
A. M., of Ancient Chapter, No. i, R. A. M., 
and of the Hanover Club. He was warmly 
benevolent, and his aid was freely extended 
to deserving objects, through organized chari- 
ties and in personal contact with those who 
were the recipients of his bounty. 



WILLIAM FRAZJER GARRISON. 

William Frazier Garrison was born in 
Brooklyn, within the limits of what consti- 
tuted the old village, on January 3, 1833. He 
died at his country home at Morristown, New 
Jersey, on July 8, 1902. His life record cov- 
ering a period of sixty-nine years is the 
history of unwearied industry, honorable en- 
deavor and successful accomplishment. 

Mr. Garrison was the youngest child of 
Jacob Garrison and Huldah Deming Richard- 
son. His mother was of Etnglish extraction, 
the Richardsons being among the early set- 
tlers of Connecticut. On his father's side he 
was descended from Dutch ancestors who es- 
tablished themselves in New Utrecht, Long 



286 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Island, and in the highlands of the Hudson. 
It was in the former township that his grand- 
father, John Garrison, was born and spent his 
boyhood, removing to the village of Brooklyn 
shortly after reaching manhood. John Garri- 
son was a man of importance and influence in 
the community. He served as justice of the 
peace at a time when the office was a respon- 
sible and respected one, and his massive fig- 
ure stands prominently forth in Guy's picture 
of early Brooklyn which was painted at that 
time and now hangs on the walls of the Long 
Island Historical Society. Other members of 
the family have also figured in the public life 
of the city, including two uncles of Mr. Gar- 
rison. One of these was Samuel Garrison, 
county judge, who is still remembered by 
the older members of the bar, and the other 
was Fletcher Garrison, who served as coun- 
ty treasurer, and was a recognized leader in 
local political circles. 

As a lad Mr. Garrison displayed decided 
mechanical talent, and his inclination in this 
direction was so marked that at a very early 
age he entered the machine-shop of Worth- 
ington & Baker. In those days the life of an 
apprentice was not an easy one; but, notwith- 
standing long hours and hard work, he found 
spare time during the first year of his service 
to construct a small steam engine which he 
put in successful operation. While still in his 
minority he formed a partnership with the 
late William H. Guild, under the name of 
Guild & Garrison, their capital consisting 
largely of hope, skill and industry. The new 
firm began its existence in a small room in 
a building which stood near the foot of South 
Tenth street, where the present factory is situ- 
ated. Here they took up the manufacture of 



a pump designed to be operated by steam 
without the use of a fly-wheel, or what is 
now known as the direct-acting pump. They 
had few tools and appliances, and the ma- 
chines of this type so far designed had been 
imperfect and unreliable and largely experi- 
mental. All difficulties were, however, even- 
tually overcome and a practical machine was 
produced. 

In the history of engineering, the devel- 
opment of the direct-acting steam pump is 
considered by some as being quite as impor- 
tant as that of the Corliss engine. It is a 
question whether it was not of greater value, 
as it had a greater range of application. The 
firm was closely identified with this invention.' 
Afterward other companies took up its manu- 
facture, and the capital now invested runs in- 
to millions of dollars. With the improve- 
ments made in the machine, the demand 
increased, and the business of the firm was 
gradually extended to the whole field of 
hydraulic and pneumatic machinery. Among 
other devices they built one of the first suc- 
cessful steam fire engines. Larger quarters 
were secured, and later a factory was erected 
and equipped. The wants of the sugar refin- 
ing and planting industries, the growth of 
which, were contemporaneous, becoming im- 
portant and calling for the designing of spe- 
cial pumping machinery, the principal part 
of this work was delegated to the firm. About 
i860 Mr. Garrison made an extended visit 
to Cuba, where he was engaged in remodeling 
and refitting some of the large plantation- 
houses. He was v/ell known as an engineer 
of large practical ability in the lines in which 
he was associated, and was the inventor of 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



287 



many valuable devices in connection with 
pumps and air compressors. 

For the last ten or twelve years of his life 
Mr. Garrison did not coniine himself closely 
to his old business. It was during this time 
that he became identified with the Manufac- 
turers' National Bank, of which he was vice- 
president, and with the Nassau Trust Com- 
pany, in which he served as a member of the 
executive committee. The president of the 
latter company in speaking of him said : "He 
was the most thorough-going business man 
with whom I have ever had the pleasure of 
coming in contact ;" and continuing, said : 
"He was one of the kindest of men and his 
disposition was of the sweetest character." 
It was this disposition that led him to become 
interested in many charitable and benevolent 
enterprises, and his private charities were 
numerous, but unobtrusively bestowed. 

Mr. Garrison was married to Ellen C. Guild, 
a daughter of his partner, and to her and to 
his daughter, their only child, he was de- 
votedly attached. His kindly spirit extended 
to all with whom he had business or social 
relations. 



JAMES EDWARD DEAN. 

James Edward Dean, well known and pop- 
ular in social and club circles of Brooklyn 
and of equally wide and favorable acquaint- 
ance in business circles of Manhattan, was 
born in Lowell, Massachusetts, in 1841, his 
parents being James and Sarah D. (Chase) 
Dean, of Clitheroe, England. After acquir- 
ing his education in the public schools he 
entered the field of commerce as an employe 
in the house of Reed, Chadwick & Dexter, of 



Boston, and his faithfulness and capability led 
to his retention in that service for several 
years. In 1864 he went to New York with 
Edward E. Poor, when that gentleman began 
business in Manhattan, and when the latter 
became a member of the firm of Gardner, Dex- 
ter & Company, Mr. Dean went with him to 
the new house and there i-emained until the 
formation of the firm of Denny, Jones & Poor. 
After the death of Mr. Jones the company 
was re-organized under the firm style of Den- 
ny, Poor & Company, with Mr. Dean as a 
partner, and he remained active in the man- 
agement of the house until his retirement from 
business in 1895. He was also the vice-presi- 
dent of the Dime Savings Bank of Brook- 
lyn and a director of the Passaic Print Works, 
and his business ability found expression in 
the expansion of the house with which he 
was so long connected and which owed an era 
of prosperity in large measure to his untir- 
ing eflforts and keen discrimination. 

In 1867 Mr. Dean was married to Miss Isa- 
bel C. Sanderson, who survives him, together 
with their two daughters— Mrs. Alfred H. 
Porter and Mrs. Mabel D. Kalbfleisch. He 
was very fond of his home and devoted to 
the v/elfare of his wife and children. Of 
rather retiring disposition, his circle of friends 
was select rather than large, and yet he was 
a popular member of the Hamilton, Oxford, 
Brooklyn and Players clubs and the Mer- 
chants Club of New York. He greatly en- 
joyed a good story and delighted in telling one, 
and he possessed a most kindly and genial dis- 
position that won him the good will and 
friendship of many with whom he came in 
contact — a feeling which often developed into 
the stronger ties of friendship. At one time 



288 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



he was somewhat active in political affairs of 
the borough, and he always took a public- 
spirited interest in whatever pertained to gen- 
eral progress and substantial improvement. 
He was a vestryman in Dr. Baker's Episcopal 
church of Brooklyn and until ill health pre- 
vented was an active worker in the church. 
His death occurred January 22, 1894. 



WILLIAM H. DAVOL. 

William H. Davol, deceased, was for a full 
half century a resident of Brooklyn, and dur- 
ing the greater part of this period he was 
prominently identified with its industrial and 
social life. He came from a sturdy race, and 
was a fine type of that New England char- 
acter, now all but extinct, and was a potent 
factor not only in the material upbuilding of 
Brooklyn, but in the development of its social 
order and the creation of those institutions 
which conduce to ideal citizenship. 

His father, John Davol, was one of the 
early stockholders of the Walcottville Brass 
Company, of Wolcottville, Connecticut, and 
was associated with John Hungerford in the 
ownership and conduct of that enterprise. Mr. 
Davol subsequently severed his connection 
with that business, and came to Brooklyn, 
bringing with him several experienced em- 
ployes who had been associated with him in 
the Wolcottville establishment. Here he or- 
ganized the Brooklyn Brass and Copper Com- 
pany, and became well known as a strong 
representative of the brass and copper indus- 
try of the country. 

William H. Davol was nine years of age 
when his father- took up his residence in 
Brooklyn. He was afforded excellent educa- 



tional advantages in the public schools of 
Brooklyn, and under the private tutorship of 
the Rev. Samuel T. Seelye, of Wolcottsville, 
Connecticut, of whose household he was a 
member while he was pursuing his advanced 
studies. Meantime, he had also been qualify- 
ing himself for an active career by dihgent 
application to business affairs. He made his 
beginning in the well' known hardware house 
of Clark, Bliven & Mead, where he earned 
the commendation of his employers, and laid 
the foundations of his mercantile character. 
He subsequently entered the works of the 
Brooklyn Brass & Copper Company, under 
the management of his father, and applied 
himself with such diligence to the mastering 
of whatever work was committed to him as 
to secure regular advancement until he was 
entirely familiar with every department of the 
business, mechanical and directorial. He be- 
came a prmcipal stockholder active in the 
management of the business, and for many 
years prior to his death was the president of 
the corporation. It is not too much to say 
that through his wise conduct in the direction 
of its affairs, the business was expanded to 
phenomenal proportions, and this, too, during 
a period of remarkable industrial activity and 
keenest competition. While holding an as- 
sured position in the ranks of manufacturers, 
Mr. Davol also maintained a firm place in the 
estimation of his employes, for whose welfare 
he ever displayed a thoughtful consideration, 
treating them as friends as well as servants. 
His successful conduct of the affairs of the 
Brooklyn Brass and Copper Company neces- 
sarily brought Mr. Davol into intimate asso- 
ciation with various financial and industrial 
circles, and he became actively interested in 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



289 



numerous corporations, including the Hamil- 
ton Trust Company of Brooklyn, and the 
Metal - Exchange, the Mitchell- Vance Com- 
pany and the Riley-Klotz Manufacturing 
Company of Newark, New Jersey, in each of 
which he was a member of the board of 
trustees. Jn all these varied relations, as well 
as in his personal intercourse with men, he 
displayed the admirable traits of the really 
self-made man, and was held in honor for his 
spotless integrity as well as his masterful 
ability. His religion was of that broadly 
Christian type which manifests itself in an en- 
lightened humanitarianism. He was for sev- 
eral years a trustee of Emanuel Baptist church, 
and an efficient aid in its maintenance and in 
furthering its works of benevolence. He was 
a Highly regarded member of the Montauk 
Club and the Fulton Club. His principal in- 
terest, however, centered in his home and in 
his family, whom he surrounded with all that 
a refined taste could suggest. 

Mr. Davol was married in Wolcottville, 
Connecticut, to Miss Jennie Brooker, a daugh- 
ter of Samuel Brooker, of that city. Of that 
marriage were born three children — William 
H. ; Laura, who became the wife of Harry 
Seelye, of Waterbury, Connecticut ; and Mar- 
ian. Mrs. Davol died in 1898, and her hus- 
band survived until December 15, 1903, when 
he passed away, leaving to his children, all 
of whom survive, the priceless legacy of an 
honored name. 



ARTHUR J. O'KEEFFE. 

Among those whO' have attained to positions 
of distinctive preferment in the political cir- 
cles of the borough of Brooklyn, New Ybrk, 



is Arthur J. O'Keefife, commissioner of sew- 
erage, who was born in the Sixth Ward of 
Brooklyn, August 28, 1866, a son of William 
C. O'Keeffe, who has been a prominent factor 
in business circles for forty years, is a mem- 
ber of the Master Plumbers' Association, hav- 
ing served as its president three terms, and a 




staunch supporter, of the principles of De- 
mocracy. 

Arthur J. O'Keeffe received his education in 
public schools Nos. 10 and 40, and public even- 
ing high school, from which he was gradu- 
ated at the age of sixteen. After serving an 
apprenticeship at the trade of plumber he 
entered his father's employ and worked as a 
journeyman for twelve years, and at the expi- 
ration of this period of time he was admitted 



290 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



to partnership under the firm name of Wilf- 
iam C. O'Keeffe & Son. They conducted an 
extensive and lucrative business along the 
lines of general sanitary plumbing, giving 
employment to about fifty men, and their 
places of business were located on Third and 
Fifth avenues, Brooklyn. Mr. O'Keeffe was 
appointed tO' his present office, that of com- 
missioner of sewerage, because of his recog- 
nized ability as a practical plumber, being 
considered an expert in that line of work, and 
not for political reasons. He is also a practi- 
cal sanitary engineer, being at the head of a 
competent and skillful staff, and his depart- 
ment, the work of which is carried out in a 
highly gratifying and satisfactory manner, is 
looked upon as one of the most improved 
under the municipal government in the bor- 
ough. He has charge of an ofiice force of 
three hundred people, including the engineer- 
ing and repairing departments, and at the 
present time (1904) they have in process of 
construction work to the amount of five mil- 
lion dollars, which equals five times as much 
as that of the Bronx and Manhattan. The 
appropriation for mamtenance was two hun- 
dred thousand dollars less than for Manhat- 
tan, but Mr. O'Keeffe has succeeded in hav- 
ing the annual appropriation favorably re- 
ported by the board of aldermen of one hun- 
dred thousand dollars more. The department 
has under contract and construction contracts 
to the amount of seven million dollars for the 
year 1904, but this large amount is not ade- 
quate for cost of the work contemplated. All 
the work of the department is under the per- 
sonal supervision' of Mr. O'Keeffe, and the 
wonderful development of sewers in the bor- 
ough, also the excellency of the work accom- 



plished as well as that in course of construc- 
tion give ample evidence of his ability and 
efficiency. Under his direction the department 
of sewers laid in 1904 more miles of sewer in 
Brooklyn than were ever before built in a 
single year, and fifty per cent more than in 
1903 — thirty miles in 1904, and twenty miles 
in 1903. His service was so satisfactory that 
in 1905 he was the administration candidate 
for borough president, to succeed Martin W. 
Littleton, who declined a renomination. 

Mr. O'Keeflfe is a member of the following 
organizations : Brooklyn Club, Catholic Club 
of New York, Benevolent and Protective Or- 
der of Elks, Knights of Columbus and the 
Catholic Benevolent Legion, and is chairman 
of the house committee of the Brooklyn Dem- 
ocratic Club. His political affiliations are with 
the Democratic party. 



COLONEL THOMAS A. KERRIGAN. 

In his summer residence at Northport, Long 
Island, Septem.ber 27, 1903, Colonel Thomas 
A. Kerrigan, the owner of the famous Wil- 
ioughby Street Auction Rooms, the pictur- 
esque and historical Democratic headquarters 
of Kings county, died from a complication of 
diseases after an illness of six weeks. He was 
born in the old fifth ward of Brooklyn in the 
year 1833, and his boyhood and early man- 
hood were spent in that vicinity. At an early 
age he entered politics, and later removed to 
the Seventh ward, where he continued his 
political life and became the Democratic leader 
of the ward. In this office he displayed rare 
ability as an organizer and early became an 
ally and a valuable lieutenant of Hugh Mc- 
Laughlin, the Democratic leader of the county. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



291 



Colonel Kerrigan served as sheriff's auc- 
tioneer nnder both Democratic and Republican 
sheriffs for a period of twenty years prior to 
the election of Sheriff Guden. His first auc- 
tion rooms were located at 35 Willoughby 
street, from there he moved to No. 13, and 
about' ten years ago he finally settled in the 
present auction rooms at No. 9 Willoughby 
street, near the city hall, where for a score of 
years Hugh AIcLaughlin, the venerable Dem- 
ocratic leader, has held his court, refusing to 
transact any business elsewhere. This meet- 
ing place has become historical in county, 
state and national politics, and the " Wil- 
loughby Street Organization " — " Willoughby 
Street '' — " Auction Rooms " are terms known 
in all parts of the country as symbolical for 
the wonderful organization built up and so 
ably . maintained by Hugh McLaughlin. In 
spite of his wonderful magnetic personality, 
Colonel Kerrigan has always been known and 
probably always will be known as Mr. Mc- 
Laughlin's friend and the owner of the Wil- 
loughby Auction Rooms. He was a member 
of the old Brooklyn volunteer fire department, 
and the news of his death caused the same 
sorrowful discussion in the basement of bor- 
ough hall as it did in Willoughby street. 
Judge Courtney, who was busy distributing 
pensions, interrupted his work long enough to 
say : " Torn Kerrigan was a good true man ; 
his death is a personal loss to all who knew 
him.'' A few years ago Colonel Kerrigan took 
up his residence at 155 Prospect Place, which 
was his Brooklyn home up to the time of his 
death. For the past eight years he had been 
a summer resident of Northport, Long Island, 
owning one of the handsome residences on 
Bay View avenue. He was one of the best 



known figures about the village, and held the 
respect and esteem of all who knew him. He 
was greatly interested in St. Philips church, 
and was one of the largest contributors to the 
maintenance of all church and philanthropic 
work. 

Throughout his entire life of nearly seventy 
years, Mr. Kerrigan was a man of exemplary 
habits and never in any way undermined the 
strong constitution which he inherited • from 
sturdy ancestors. He passed away quietly and 
peacefully, surrounded by his immediate fam- 
ily, which consisted of his sons, Joseph and 
George, and his daughters, Annie, Sarah, Julia 
and May Kerrigan. The last rite was admin- 
istered to him by the Rev. F. A. McCartney, 
pastor of St. Philips Roman Catholic church, 
and during the last hours he spoke cheerfully 
to the individual members of the family tell- 
ing them not to grieve as his life had been a 
happy one. His remains were brought to his 
late home at 155 Prospect Place, Brooklyn, 
vi^here the funeral services were held. His 
wife, to whom Mr. Kerrigan was greatly at- 
tached, had died about fifteen years before. 
One of his sons is the clerk of the court of 
special sessions in Brooklyn. 

Among the notable politicians who received 
the news of the death of Mr. Kerrigan at the 
Willottghby Auction Rooms from John Smith, 
the manager of the rooms in Mr. Kerrigan's 
absence, were : Frank Kerrigan, a brother of 
Thomas A. Kerrigan, who was completely 
overcome at the sad news ; Bird S. Coler, who 
offered his sympathy to the bereaved brother ; 
and Hugh McLaughlin, who said, " Tom Ker- 
rigan and I have been friends all our lives. 
He was a good solid man and a loyal friend. 
I feel a deep personal loss, but I don't feel like 



292 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



talking about it." A'^ery few of the old-time 
Brooklyn Democrats, life-long friends of Col- 
onel Kerrigan, had not heard of his death until 
they reached headquarters, but the announce- 
ment was not altogether a surprise, as it was 
generally known that he had been very ill and 
would probably not recover, but they all ex- 
pressed their sympathy for the bereaved fam- 
ily and spoke in glowing terms of the life and 
work of their departed friend. 



THOMAS CORRIGAN. 

Thomas Corrigan, one of the oldest build- 
ers in point of service in the borough of 
Brooklyn, his operations extending over a pe- 
riod of thirty-three years, also well known as 
a contractor and speculative builder, being 
one of the most familiar figures on the Park 
Slope or Twenty-second Ward, where his 
speculative work has been mostly on the Litch- 
field estate, was born in county Fermanagh, 
Ireland, November 22, 1843. 

At the age of ten years he came to the 
United States, locating in the then city of 
Brooklyn, New York, and for a number of 
years he attended the public school on War- 
ren street, which was then under the principal- 
ship of Professor Sims. Fie learned the trade 
of carpenter in New Jersey, and after thor- 
oughly mastering all the details was employed 
as a journeyman in the city of Brooklyn by 
Frank Norris, a well known builder. In 1872 
he went into business for himself, and being 
a man of sound judgment, keen discrimination, 
and rare business ability succeeded beyond his 
most sanguine expectations. His first opera- 
tions were on Fifth street, where he erected six 
two-story and basement houses on the estate 



of E. C. Litchfield; ten three-story houses on 
Seventh avenue ; on Fifth avenue, between Un- 
ion and President streets, he built seven busi- 
ness houses ; fourteen two-story and basement 
houses on Union and President streets, be- 
tween Fifth and Sixth avenues; twenty-three 
three-story dwelling houses on Eleventh 
street; eight houses on Eighth street, between 
Sixth and Seventh avenues ; five on the corner 
of Sixth avenue and Eighth street ; two five- 
story houses on Gold street; one house on 
Pearl street, near Sand street ; four houses on 
Quincy street, near Reid avenue; and ten 
houses on Park Place, near Albany avenue, 
making in all about eighty-five houses. The 
majority of these buildings were erected in 
company with his brother, William Corrigan, 
of Brooklyn, who was engaged with him in 
business pursuits for twenty years. In addi- 
tion to these Mr. Corrigan erected a number 
of fine residences for prominent citizens, all of 
which were thoroughly first class in all their 
appointments, and met with the approval of 
their respective owners. Mr. Corrigan is a 
Republican in politics, a member of the Free 
and Accepted Masons, affiliating with Min- 
erva Lodge No. 792, and a member of the 
Veteran Masonic Order. 

In Brooklyn, New York, Mr. Corrigan mar- 
ried Jane Johensen, who bore him nine chil- 
dren, four of whom are living : Harriet J., 
Grace, Walter I. and Ruth. The family resi- 
dence is at 456 Seventh street, Brooklyn. 



RICHARD F. DOWNING. 

Richard F. Downing, deceased, for many 
years the head of the firm of R. F. Downing 
& Company, customhouse brokers and for- 




^^^l^-^-z-^^e-^-^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



295 



warders of New York city, and also an influ- 
ential and potent factor in the business and 
social circles of Westchester county, Brooklyn 
and New York, was born in the city of New 
York, May 5, 1849, a son of Thomas K. Down- 
ing, a native and old-time resident of New 
York, a prominent contractor of his day, and 
who for many years held the then important 
office of city inspector. 

During the early boyhood of Richard F. 
Downing the family removed to Rye, ' West- 
chester county. New York, where, they occu- 
pied the Downing homestead, which has been 
in the possession of members of the family 
for more than a century. Upon attaining man- 
hood Mr. Downing established a custom bro- 
kerage and shipping business under the firm 
name of R. F. Downing & Company, with 
branch offices throughout Europe and this 
country^ and this enterprise steadily grew both 
in volume and importance until it became one 
of the leading industries of its kind in the 
city. He was considered an expert on tariff 
matters, and on each change of the tariff law 
issued the volume known as " Downing's Cus- 
toms Tariff," and the government and treas- 
ury officials for many years consulted him as 
a great authority on tariff subjects. He took 
a keen and active interest in the Democratic 
politics of Westchester county, but repeatedly 
declined nominations to high national and state 
offices which' were tendered him. He was a 
devout member of St. Augustine's Roman 
Catholic church of Brooklyn for many years, 
and he also held membership in the following 
named clubs : The Indian Harbor Yacht Qub, 
the American Yacht Club, the Larchmont 
Yacht Club, the Fish and Game Club of Can- 
ada, the Prospect Gun Club of Long Island, 



the Montauk Club of Brooklyn, of which he 
was a director, the Columbian Club of Brook- 
lyn, of which he had been president, the Man- 
hattan Qub of New Y~ork, the Lawyers' Club, 
the Down Town Club, the Catholic Club of 
New York, the Xavier Alumni Sodality of 
New York, and the Amaranth Dramatic Club 
of Brooklyn, of which he was president for 
several years. He was an enthusiastic sports- 
man and yachtsman, and was the owner of 
several handsome yachts. 

jMr. Downing was united in marriage to 
Miss Julia A. Lyons, of Oswego, New York. 
Mr. Downing died at his late residence, 93 
Eighth avenue, Brooklyn, in 1903, survived 
by his widow, Julia A. (Lyons) Downing, 
three sons and two daughters. 



WILLIAM T. NOONAN. 

William T. Noonan, commissioner of char- 
ities of the borough of Brooklyn, is a man of 
keen discrimination and sound judgment. As 
a citizen he has ever been alert, earnest and 
conscientious, keenly alive to everything which 
concerns in any way the well being of the 
borough and county, and the number of posi- 
tions of trust and honor to which he has 
been called afford ample evidence of the high 
estimate placed upon his abilities and char- 
acter by his fellow-citizens. 

He was born in the Sixth Ward of Brook- 
lyn, New York, December 26, 1864, and has 
resided there all his life. He attended Public 
School No. 13, and after his graduation en- 
tered the employ of Joseph Navarro, of New 
York. Later he was employed by the Sixth 
Avenue Elevated Railroad, and in 1883 he 
engaged in the coal business on his own ac- 



296 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



count. In 1892 he was appointed personal 
property clerk in the assessor's office, then 
served one year in the office of the commission- 
er of records, later was appointed to a posi- 
tion in the county court, which he held until 
1904, when he was appointed to his present 
position, commissioner of charities. He is 
now regarded as one of the ablest lieutenants 
of James Kane. Since 1892 he has been an 
executive member of the third assembly dis- 
trict and Democratic general committees, and 
he has been a delegate to several state con- 
ventions. He is a member of the following 
named clubs and societies : Royal Arcanum, 
Catholic Benevolent Legion, Knights of Co- 
lumbus, Ancient Order of Foresters, Improved 
Order of Red Men, and Knights of Macca- 
bees. 



HENRY BOERUM. 

Among the old Long Island names is that 
of Boerum — a name which the citizens of 
Brooklyn have perpetuated in Boerum street, 
and Boerum Place. The emigrant of the fam- 
ily was a Hollander, and his descendants, 
for many generations, have been landed pro- 
prietors on the Island. 

His father, Jacob Boerum, married Adri- 
anna Remsen, a daughter of William Remsen, 
at the Wallabout. They had eight children, 
Henry being next to the youngest, born April 
8, 1793. He passed the days of his boyhood 
on his father's farm, and during' the winter 
months availed himself of the limited educa- 
tional advantages afforded by the common 
schools of his time and locality. After he 
grew to man's estate he man-aged the farm, 
which at that time meant hard work, as all the 



market truck had to be carried to the Walla- 
bout in a wagon, then put in a rowboat, pulled 
across to the New York market, and sold 
out by measure. On November 21, 1827, he 
married Susan Rapelje, a daughter of Folkert 
Rapelje, at Cripplebush, of the well known 
family of that name, which has been promi- 
nently identified with Long Island almost 
from the date of its first settlement. May i, 
1828, he purchased from the executors of the 
estate of Folkert Rapelje sixty-two acres of 
land, being'a part of the old Rapelje farm at 
Cripplebush, for the sum of $7,000, on account 
of which he paid $2,700 — money which he re- 
ceived as a part of his wife's dowry — and 
gave a mortgage for the balance, $4,300. He 
was a hard worker and good manager, and in 
October, 1834, he had paid off his indebted- 
ness, the executors having given him the priv- 
ilege of paying on account of the principal 
when he paid his yearly interest. In 1835, 
during the great land speculation, the home- 
stead farm was sold, by which he secured 
as his part several thousand dollars, which 
together with his earnings amounted in 1842 
to some $20,000. About this time the bubble 
burst, taking away from him the greater part 
of his income. He also sold in 1835 three 
and one-half acres of the Cripplebush farm 
for $3,500, with which he built the house now 
occupied by his son, F. Rapelje Boerum. In 
1853 DeKalb avenue was opened, graded and 
paved through the farm, and Mr. Boerum 
began selling lots and making loans on the 
property to purchasers, enabling them to erect 
dwellings thereon. His policy toward pur- 
chasers was a liberal one, and resulted in the 
rapid development of that part of the city em- 
braced within the limits of the Cripplebush 




The Lewis Pu.hlishm^.Cp- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



299 



farm, and indirectly to considerable contiguous 
property. Within the borders of the farm 
now stand some five or six hundred houses. 

Mr. Boerum pursued a similar policy with 
respect to his part of the old' Boerum home- 
stead, at Bushwick, and it was mainly throiigh 
his instrumentality that the section commonly 
called Dutchtown was built up and populated. 
In all matters of public interest he always 
took an intelligent and helpful part; and, al- 
though he was not in the active sense a poli- 
tician, his judgment was often sought by 
those in authority, and he was many times 
asked to become a candidate for public hon- 
ors, but almost invariably declined, though he 
served two terms as assessor, and two as al- 
derman of the old Ninth ward. He was from 
time to time connected with numerous well- 
known institutions, having been an organizer 
and director in the old Brooklyn Gas Com- 
pany, the Mechanics' and City Banks, the Me- 
chanics', Montauk and Atlantic Insurance 
Companies, and as stockholder in the Brook- 
lyn Academy of Music and the Brooklyn 
Athenaeum. 

Mr. Boerum had seven children, of whom a 
son and daughter died in infancy. F. Rap- 
elje Boerum was born October 26, 1829, and 
now occupies the old homestead. He mar- 
ried Diana Remsen, May 26, 1868, and has 
three children living. Charles died in boy- 
hood. Susan was born February 22, 1835, 
and married Charles Vanderveer, deceased, 
and has three children. Adrianna, born No- 
vember 27, 1836, married Charles Bush. 
Agnes, born September 27, 1839, died October 
24, 1875. 

Mr. Boerum was a man of plain, unosten- 
tatious manners and unquestioned integrity. 



His life was a busy one from boyhood, and 
terminated May 8, 1868. In a quiet way he 
did much good, was instrumental in develop- 
ing a now important part of the city, and left 
the impress of his business capacity and high 
commercial honor on the times in which he 
lived. He was a friend and companion of the 
leading Brooklynites of the period during his 
manhood, and his name is inseparably linked 
with that part of the city within the borders 
of which he lived and died. When he passed 
away his death was sincerely regretted by a 
large circle of friends and acquaintances, and 
such honor was paid to his memory as was 
due to one who had long been an influential 
resident of the city. His wife died May 18, 
1859, aged fifty-seven years. 



FOLKERT RAPELJE BOERUM. 

In the recent decease of Folkert Rapelje 
Boerum was lost to Brooklyn one of the most 
honored of its old and native citizens, who 
during an active career of nearly a half-cen- 
tury was one of the foremost in promoting 
the public welfare and in contributing to the 
usefulness of its humanitarian and charitable 
institutions. 

Folkert Rapelje Boerum, eldest child of 
Henry and Susan (Rapelje) Boerum, was 
born October 26, 1829, in the family home- 
stead jn Bushwick, which was built during 
the reign of William and Mary, and where 
his father also was born. This was one of the 
notable edifices of its day, and was a counter- 
part of the old Wyckofif homestead on Flush- 
ing avenue. In 1835 the elder Boerum built 
upon the site of the old home a modern resi- 
dence which became the home of Folkert Rap- 



300 



History ok long island. 



elje Boerum, who there reared his family and 
there died. It was characteristic of him that 
he should cling to this old abode, with its hal- 
lowed memories, even though the greater num- 
ber of those about him sought other sections 
as population increased, and he preserved the^ 
natural condition of the grounds, his house 
standing far back from the sidewalk and upon 
the hill which he would not suffer to be grad- 
ed down. 

From the time of his attaining his majority 
until a few years before his death, Folkert 
Rapelje Boerum was one of the best known 
and most highly regarded of Brooklyn's citi- 
zens. Plain and unostentatious of manner, 
he was at the same time earnestly progressive 
and public-spirited, and he contributed in 
large degree to the development of what came 
to be an important section of the city. He 
was a trusted and cherished friend of the 
leading men of his time, who were his allies 
in various political and civic movements in 
which he was recognized as a leader. With- 
out personal ambition, he never shrank from 
engaging with all his virile powers in what 
he regarded as the duty of a citizen, and he 
made his influence deeply felt in local public 
affairs. He was largely instrumental in in- 
ducing his intimate friend and companion, 
Darwin R. James, to become a candidate for 
congress, and was active and useful in the 
canvass which resulted in the election of that 
gentleman. There was much in common be- 
tween the two. They were both citizens of 
the best type, holding to lofty ideals of public 
service, as well as practical philanthropists 
who had labored side by side in various organ- 
izations formed for the promotion of salutary 
public objects, siich as the improvement and 



dev£lopment of the city and the honest and 
economical administration of its public affairs, 
and in behalf of various humanitarian insti- 
tutions, such as the Bushwick and East Brook- 
lyn Dispensary, the Brooklyn Bureau of 
Charities, the Association for Improving the 
Condition of the Poor, the Good Samaritan 
Society and others. Mr. Boerum was for 
many years prominently identified with numer- 
ous such charitable organizations and, when 
the encroachments of age made it necessary 
for him to abate something of his personal 
activity, he kept closely in touch with their 
managers, whom throughout the remainder of 
his life he continued to aid in an advisory 
way and with his liberal contributions. It 
has justly been said of him that he never 
failed to afford his influence and means to 
any worthy movement, whether in the inter-, 
ests of the general public or of a deserving 
object, and his benevolences were unstintingly 
extended alike to the charitable societies of 
Jew and Gentile, Catholic and Protestant, be- 
liever and unbeliever. Of his personal bene- 
factions it is to be said that they were fre- 
quent and generous, but not to be computed 
because of the modesty with which they were 
bestowed, leaving no orator to proclaim them 
except the recipient himself. He was one of 
the charter members of the famous Union 
League Club, a body which has accomplished 
so much in the interests of good government, 
and his name stands second upon its original 
membership roll. He was also a member of 
the Society of Old Brooklynites and of the 
Long Island Historical Society. 

In his personal life Mr. Boerum was of mod- 
est and retiring disposition, shvmning notori- 
ety of whatever description. He found his 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



301 



greatest delight in the circle of his own fam- 
ily, to which he was devotedly attached. His 
death occurred November 13, 1903, at his 
home, 155 Nostrand avenue, after an illness 
of about two years. The funeral took place 
on the evening of the 15th, and the services 
were conducted by the Rev. Dr. William Bel- 
linger, pastor of Grace church, Utica, New 
York, who was formerly pastor of St. Mary's 
church, Classon and Willoughby avenues, 
Brooklyn, and were attended by a large num- 
ber of the most representative citizens, who 
had been associated with the lamented de- 
ceased in various relations, and who held him 
in affection and reverence. The remains of 
deceased were interred in Greenwood ceme- 
tery. 

Surviving Mr. Boerum are his widow, two 
sons, Henry and Abram Remsen, and a grand- 
child, Gretchen, only child of Mr. and Mrs. 
Abram Remsen Boerum. Mrs. Folkert Rap- 
el je Boerum was in maidenhood Miss Diana 
Remsen, a daughter of Abram Remsen, of 
Wallabout, Brooklyn, in the original Remsen 
homestead. 



GEORGE HENRY SOUTHARD. 

George H. Southard, president of the 
Franklin Trust Company, located at the south- 
west corner of Clinton and Montague streets, 
Brookh-n, New York, and one of the promi- 
nent and influential men in the business, phil- 
anthropic, religious and social circles of the 
borough of Brooklyn, was born in Boston, 
Massachusetts, February 23, 1841. He is" de- 
scended from a pure Pilgrim ancestry, being 
in the direct lineal line from Constant South- 
ard, who, accompanied by his mother, Alice 



Southard, who later became the wife of Will- 
iam Bradford, governor of the colony, arrived 
at F'lymouth, Massachusetts, on the ship Ann 
in 1623. 

George H. Southard spent his boyhood and 
early manhood in Boston, and was graduated 
in 1856 from the English high school of that 
city. Entering at once upon a business life, 
he received his early and excellent training in 
his father's office, the latter being a member 
of the firm of Southard, Herbert & Company, 
oil manufacturers of Boston. In 1861, about 
the commencement of the Civil war, when 
twenty years of age, he entered into the lum- 
ber business in his native city with James 
Pope, who held the contract for supplying the 
navy department with lumber for shipbuilding 
during the war. Subsequently he removed to 
Newburgh, New York^ continuing in the same 
business there as a member of the firm of 
J. Bigler & Company. In 1874 he removed to 
Brooklyn, New York, and established the lum- 
ber firm O'f Southard & Company, in New 
York city. After having maintained for over 
twenty years a high and successful position in 
mercantile affairs, in 1887 he took the impor- 
tant step which identified him with financial 
interests by participating in the organization 
of the National Bank of Deposit, of which he 
became cashier, and, in 1888, in the organiza- 
tion of the Franklin Trust Company of Brook- 
lyn, of which he became the first secretary, 
the following year was appointed second vice 
president, and January i, 1892, was appointed 
president, which important office he continues 
to occupy at the present time (1904), and dur- 
ing these years he has been enabled to witness 
the substantial growth and prosperity of the 
institution. When the Fifth Avenue Bank of 



302 



History of loNg island. 



Brooklyn was organized, he was one of the 
mcorporators, and later was a member of its 
board of directors. He was also a director of 
the Broadway Insurance Company, and the 
New York Fire Insurance Company, and in 
1880 he became a director of the Maritime 
Exchange and a member of its finance com- 
mittee. 

His political affiliations have been with the 
Republican party, while his influence has made 
itself strongly felt on the side of good govern- 
ment. In philanthropic and ecclesiasticar af- 
fairs he has rendered unostentatious and sub- 
stantial service as a trustee of the Brooklyn 
Hospital, a member of the board of home 
missions of the Presbyterian church, a mem- 
ber and officer of the First Presbyterian 
church of Brooklyn, a trustee of the Brooklyn 
Presbytery, and a director of the Union Theo- 
logical Seminary of New York. He was one 
of the organizers of the New England Society 
of Newburgh, New York, was its first secre- 
tary, and later served in the capacity of a 
director; he is a member of the Hamilton 
Club, New England Society of Brooklyn, 
Union League Club, Down Town Association, 
the New England Society of New York, and 
the Chamber of Commerce of New York. 



MAJOR PETER H. McNULTY. 

Major Peter FI. McNulty, deceased, during 
a life of intense and well directed activity, was 
one of the most forceful factors in commun- 
ity affairs in New York and Brooklyn. He 
entered upon the active duties of life unaided 
by influential friends or adventitious circum- 
stances. He was the sole architect of his own 
fortune, molding his own character and shap- 



ing his own destiny. He came to be a mer- 
chant and man of afiFairs of commanding 
ability, and at the same time extended his 
effort to various fields in which, as an ac- 
knowledged leader, he championed the highest 
interests of the municipality and of the people 
at large. His character and services were 
such that he was held in honor while he lived, 
and his untimely death was , regarded with a 
sorrow which was general and sincere. 

A native of Brooklyn, Major McNulty was 
born in Middagh street. May 4, 1859. He 
began his studies in Public School No. 8, and 
subsequently attended St. John's College. He 
would seem to have been inadequately 
equipped for other than a humble career. 
However, he was ambitious and resolute, and 
so trained himself that he not only proved his 
capability in whatever station he was called 
to, but inspired such confidence that his field 
of effort constantly broadened before him. 

On leaving school he took a boy's place in 
the wholesale dry goods house of Peake, Op- 
dyke & Company, in New York city, and it 
was here that he laid the foundation for his 
future. His industry was untiring, and he 
was scrupulously careful in the performance 
of every task; while at the same time he de- 
voted his spare hours to self-instruction 
through judicious reading. His worth found 
early recognition, and was rewarded with 
frequent promotions, each advancement afford- 
ing him new opportunity for development and 
the acquisition of new knowledge of commer- 
cial affairs. In time he became a traveling 
representative of the dry goods firm of Wech- 
sler & Abraham, of Brooklyn, and inspired 
confidence to such a degree that he was called 
home to take the position of manager. In 



HISTORY OP LONG ISLAND. 



305 



this capacity he conducted the affairs of the 
firm with signal success, largely increasing its 
volume of business. After a period of nine 
years the firm was dissolved, and Major Mc- 
Nulty became a member of the firm of Wech- 
sler & McNulty, and established a large dry 
goods house at the corner of Bedford avenue 
and Fulton street, Brooklyn. In 1895 Major 
McNulty withdrew from the firm to give closer 
attention to his real estate interests, and from 
that time until his death was known as one 
of the largest and most sagacious operators 
in the city. He was'primarily the founder of 
Kensington Heights, in South Brooklyn, 
which became one of the most beautiful resi- 
dential districts of the borough, and laid out' 
a spacious boulevard and wide streets, selling 
building lots on such terms and under such 
restrictions as to attract a large and particu- 
larly desirable class of residents who built 
homes which are noted for elegance and com- 
fort. One of the principal adornments of the 
Heights is his own villa, one of the first to 
be erected, at the corner of the Boulevard and 
Avenue D. 

In his public Hfe Major McNulty displayed 
all the combined qualities of the large-minded 
citizen and the sagacious official and legisla- 
tor. He was appointed by Mayor Whitney to 
membership on the board of education, and in 
this position his service was of signal value. 
He vvas the first member of the board to sug- 
gest the advisability of adding to the system 
of public instruction that of manual training, 
now one of the most approved features of the 
public school instruction. At the outset his 
proposal failed to awaken any interest what- 
ever, and when, after much persistence, he 
succeeded in bringing it to a vote, he was 



the sole supporter of his beneficent measure. 
Year after year he renewed his efforts, and 
he ■ spent much time and considerable means 
in the endeavor to convince his fellow board- 
members, on several occasions conveying them 
to Philadelphia to visit the Drexel Industrial 
school. He was ultimately successful in pro- 
curing an appropriation for the experimental 
institution of a manual training department> 
and he was appointed chairman of the sub- 
committee of the board to which the matter 
was committed. Major McNulty urged his 
plans with such ability and persistency that 
he secured their approval, and lived to see 
them fully perfected, and as a result the Man- 
ual Training School of Brooklyn is recog- 
nized as a model for imitation throughout the 
country. He was as urgent in caring for the 
proper instruction of girls as of boys, and 
in their behalf he aided in estabhshing, de- 
spite the most strenuous opposition, a system 
of instruction in sewing, which has been fol- 
lowed by cookery, type-writing and stenog- 
raphy, thus placing the sexes upon an equal- 
ity for preparation for self-support. It is 
pleasing to note in thjs connection that Major 
McNulty's effort in behalf of these schools is 
now so deeply appreciated that a popular 
movement is on foot for the erection of a 
memorial bust and tablet in his honor, and as 
a recognition of what he deemed his best 
life work. 

In 1896 Major McNulty was elected to the 
state senate from Kings county. In that body 
he was placed upon some of the most impor- 
tant committees, including those on banks and 
banking, military affairs, education and revi- 
sion of laws. His strong personality and inti- 
mate acquaintance with public affairs gave 



306 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



him at once a commanding influence. He in- 
troduced various salutary measures which he 
brought to enactment, among them those for 
an appropriation for the Twenty-third Regi- 
ment Armory; for the government of the 
National Guard when called into service, con- 
cerning the compensation of public school 
teachers, and relating to Sunday amusements. 
He was a member of the senate when the crea- 
tion of the Greater New York by consolidation 
became a vital question. In that movement he 
was the firm ally of his personal friend, the 
revered Andrew H. Green, who was father 
of the project, and was the only Brooklyn 
senator who, in the face of bitter opposition, 
had sufficient self-assertion to openly support 
and vote for it. And this, too, like the Manual 
Training School movement, he lived to see 
amply vindicated. 

Major McNulty was particularly active in 
championing the interests of the city poor. 
While in the senate he procured the appoint- 
ment of a senatorial committee to investigate 
the failure of the department of docks to set 
aside certain piers and sheds as recreation 
spots for the tenement dwellers, with the re- 
sult that the recreation piers came to be estab- 
lished as was contemplated. He also procured 
an appropriation of $25,000 for the beautify- 
ing of Prospect Park, with artistic and 
picturesc|ue entrances at Ninth and Fifteenth 
streets. He was equally active before and 
subsequent to his senatorial service. He re- 
peatedly led delegations from Brooklyn to 
Albany to importune the legislature for the 
enactment of needed legislation, and he con- 
tributed in large degree to the improvement 
of the transit system of Brooklyn, being a 
leader in the movements which resulted in the 



existing transfer system on street-car lines. 
He was also largely instrumental in securing 
the depression of the Long Island Railroad 
tracks on Atlantic avenue, and the extension 
of Flatbush avenue. To sum up, no man 
of his day exerted a more potent and salutar.y 
influence than did Major McNulty in promot- 
ing the public interests of the city and the per- 
sonal comfort of its inhabitants, and it is 
said of him that his name was not once con- 
nected with a failure. At the same time, amid 
all the conflicts and antagonisms incident to 
Major McNulty's pleas and efforts in behalf 
of the various public legislative measures 
which he championed, his ability and sincerity 
were so apparent that he enjoyed the respect 
of his opponents to such a degree as to ever 
preserve their personal friendship. 

Major McNulty became interested in mili- 
tary affairs in early life, and was a valued 
member of the National Guard of New York 
for a period of fourteen years. He enlisted 
as a private in the Third Catling Battery, and 
in six months his soldierly qualities had won 
him the commission of second lieutenant. He 
was subsequently assigned to duty pn the staff 
of General Ward, as aide-de-camp with the 
rank of captain, and at a later day was made 
quartermaster with the rank of major on the 
staff of General McLeer, commanding the 
third brigade. He was a true soldier, and 
his military record was one worthy of the 
highest commendation. 

Major McNulty was a life member of the 
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences; of 
the Montauk Club, which he aided in found- 
ing ; the Columbian Club, the Brooklyn Club, 
the Emerald Association, the Order of Elks, 
and the Royal Arcanum. He was also among 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



307 



the most prominent members of the Parkway 
Driving Club, and was the promoter of the 
memorable coaching carnival held in Prospect 
Park. This was one of the most notable social 
events iii Brooklyn history, and it was to his 
great disappointment that his efforts to make 
it a permanent annual observance were un- 
successful. 

The death of Major McNulty occurred on 
September 5, 1902. It came unexpectedly, 
when he was apparently in the full vigor of 
life; and when his mental powers had not 
yet reached their zenith. The press of the 
city and various bodies of which he was a 
member bore fervent testimony to his personal 
worth and value of his services to the com- 
munity. 

Major McNulty married Miss Margaret 
Walsh, a lady whose tastes were in harmony 
with his own, and who was ever an efficient 
ally in all that engaged his effort. Their 
children were six in number — five sons and 
one daughter. 



WARREN SCOTT SILLCOCKS. 

By the death of Warren S. Sillcocks, which 
occurred at his late home, 23 South Portland 
avenue, in 1903, Brooklyn lost one of her old- 
est and most esteemed citizens. Mr. Sillcocks 
was born in New Brunswick, New Jei-sey, Sep- 
tember 23, 1833, a representative of a family 
who participated actively in the Revolutionary 
war. His father, Henry Sillcocks, was well 
known in New Brunswick, New Jersey, as 
Squire Sillcocks, and was a son of Gabriel Sill- 
cocks, who was a member of the New Jersey 
troops and displayed his heroism and courage 
during the troublous period of the Revolu- 



tionary era. His mother, Isabella (Hull) Sill- 
cocks, whose death occurred in the ninety- 
fifth year of her age, in 1891, at her home in 
Brooklyn, New York, was a relative of Com- 
modore Hull, of Revolutionary fame, and a 
granddaughter of Isaac Emmons, who was 
captured by the British at Perth Amboy, New 
Jersey, and confined in the old Sugar House 
in New York until his death; his remains lie 
with the Sugar House and Prison Ship mar- 
tyrs in Fort Green, Brooklyn.- 

Warren S. Sillcocks took up his residence in 
New York city in the seventeenth year of his 
age, and began his business career in the jew- 
elry trade. In 1862 he entered into partner- 
ship with Joshua S. Cooley, and they estab- 
lished the well known firm of Sillcocks & 
Cooley, which continued in existence until 
1874, when the product " celluloid," then in 
its infancy, was brought to his attention. His 
keen judgment and foresight at once grasped 
the future possibilities of this material, which 
to-day is known throughout the entire world, 
and he persuaded his partner to abandon their 
prosperous jewelry business and embark in 
this new venture. The large degree of suc- 
cess which attended their well directed efforts 
was in a measure due to his enterprise, per- 
severance and, pluck. Mr. Sillcocks was ap- 
pointed president of the Celluloid Novelty 
Company, and after the death of Mr. Cooley, 
his partner, was for a time president also of 
the Celluloid Brush Company. Subsequently 
when all the separate companies were consol- 
idated as the Celluloid Company under the 
competent and efficient leadership of Marshall 
C. Lefferts, he continued his connection with 
the company in the capacity of manager of the 
novelty department, and also served as a mem- 



308 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



ber of the board of directors. While not act- 
ive in politics, Mr. Sillcocks had always given 
a strong support to the candidates and meas- 
ures advocated by the Republican party, and 
had served as a member of a number of city 
conventions. He was a member of the Ox- 
ford Club, the Society of the Sons of the Rev- 
olution, and for some years of the chamber 
of commerce. 

In 1859 Mr. Sillcocks was united in mar- 
riage to Mary Wyckoff, a representative of 
an old and. honored New Jersey family, and 
thereupon settled in Brooklyn, where he con- 
tinuously resided up to the time of his decease. 
Prior to his removal to Brooklyn, he was a 
member of Dr. Cuyler's Market Street church, 
later joined the membership of the Brooklyn 
Tabernacle under the teaching of the late Dr. 
Talmage, m which he served as trustee, and 
subsequently he transferred his letter to the 
Lafayette Avenue Presbyterian church, then 
under the pastorate of his old pastor, Dr. Cuy- 
!er, where he served for a number of years 
as trustee. Mr. Sillcocks is survived by his 
widow and two sons, Warren S. Sillcocks, Jr., 
v/ho is also connected with the Celluloid Com- 
pany, and Henry Sillcocks, a leading member 
of the legal profession. Theodore N. Sill- 
cocks, the eldest son, who died in 1899, was 
for many years adjutant of the Twenty-third 
Regiment. 



THOMAS MARCHANT. 

Thomas Marchant, who was one of the 
most highly respected citizens of Brooklyn and 
whose personal qualities and charm of an un- 
affected manner, kindly disposition and sterl- 
ing worth made him greatly beloved by his 



many friends, was for many years well known 
as the superintendent of Greenwood cemetery, 
and his death was the occasion of sincere and 
widespread regret among those- who had 
known him. His genial disposition and his 
sincere interest in the welfare and happiness, 
of others won the affections of all whom he 
met. 

Mr. Marchant was born in England on the 
3d of April, 183S, was educated in the public 
schools of that country and on attaining his 
majority came to America, locating in Brook- 
lyn. Almost immediately after his arrival here 
he secured a position as gatekeeper at Green- 
wood cemetery and was gradually advanced in 
recognition of his faithfulness and capability 
until he had been made assistant superintend- 
ent, and in 1885, upon the death of William 
Scrimgeour, the former incumbent, he was 
promoted tO' the position of superintendent. 
He had practically, however, been superintend- 
ent for a number of years prior to this time, 
owing to the ill health of Mr. Scrimgeour. 
Thus Mr. Marchant's service in connection 
with the cemetery covered forty-seven years, 
and as superintendent extended over a period 
of a quarter of a century. For thirty-seven 
years he made his home in Greenwood at the 
Sixth avenue entrance. A man of striking 
appearance, his was a familiar figure at Green- 
\vood to twO' generations. He possessed much 
administrative and executive ability, and the 
surpassing beauty of the cemetery from an en- 
gineering as well as an artistic standpoint 
makes it one of the most famous burying 
grounds of the country, and this is, indeed, a 
monument to the zealous, conscientious and 
devoted life work of Mr. Marchant. Aside 
from his activity in Masonic circles, Green- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



309 



wood cemetery was his whole existence. Em- 
ploying a large force of caretakers and labor- 
ers, Mr. Marchant in their control displayed 
excellent executive forge and keen discrimina- 
tion, obtaining the best possible results and at 
the same time maintaining the most cordial re- 
lations with his subordinates. It was his con- 
stant study to enhance the beauty of the city 
of the dead, and Greenwood in its park-like 
appearance, with its fine trees and beautiful 
flowers, is perhaps unequaled throughout the 
length and breadth of the land. 

Mr. Marchant was prominent in local Ma- 
sonic circles and enjoyed the warm personal 
friendship of Right Worshipful Theodore A. 
Taylor, grand treasurer of the order, and be- 
tween them there existed a genuine affection 
that plainly illustrated the brotherly spirit 
which forms the basic element of the craft. 
Mr. Marchant was initiated into the mysteries 
of Masonry in Greenwood Lodge No. 569, F. 
& A. M., in v/hich he filled various positions, 
including that of master. He was a Scottish 
Rite Mason, attaining the thirty-second degree' 
in the Consistory and elected grand represent- 
ative of the state of Louisiana to the grand 
lodge by Minerva Lodge, on which occasion 
he was presented with a handsome apron, the 
insignia of master's rank, and also with a val- 
uable jewel. He subsequently organized Min- 
erva Lodge, was its first master, was twice 
re-elected to that office and served continu- 
ously as one of its trustees from its inception. 
He was likewise an honorary member of Com- 
monwealth Lodge and of the French Lodge 
of Manhattan, and was a member of the 
Brooklyn Masonic Veterans' Association. 
During the entire period of his connection 
with the fraternity he never failed to- attend 



one of the regular lodge meetings, and was a 
frequent visitor at various Masonic meetings 
throughout Brooklyn, so that he became one 
of the best known Masons in the city and one 
of the most zealous workers in behalf of the 
fraternity. His younger Masonic brethren re- 
garded him with tlje affections bestowed by a 
son iipon a father, and he was always looked 
upon as counselor in connection with every 
important movement of his home organization. 
In his life he exemplified the true spirit of 
the craft, was very familiar with its tenets 
and teachings, and to his fellow men displayed 
the kindly, helpful and charitable spirit which 
has made the institution a prominent one and 
a power for good through many ages. 

Mr. Marchant was twice married, his sec- 
ond wife being Caroline E. Tanner, a sister 
of John F. Tanner. The marriage was cele- 
brated in the early '60s, and Mrs. Marchant 
still survives her husband, as does their 
daughter, Lillie A. He displayed great affec- 
tion for his family and considered no personal 
sacrifice on his part too great that would en- 
hance the welfare or promote the happiness 
of his wife and daughter. Mr. Marchant was 
a man of striking personal appearance, of fine 
physique, and wore a long flowing beard. The 
expression of his face indicated his kindly, 
genial nature, and also the force of his char- 
acter. He always enjoyed robust health, was 
never confined to his home save during the 
period of the illness which terminated his life. 
Few men have occupied a more enviable po- 
sition in the regard of their friends than did 
Mr. Marchant. He never sought prominence 
in political or public life, but in his business 
and social relations displayed the qualities 
which command respect and admiration and 



310 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



win warm personal regard. He held friend- 
ship inviolable and was genuinely glad of an 
opportunity to do a service for a friend. He 
was firm in his convictions, the soul of honor 
and integrity, yet possessed a most kindly, 
sympathetic and charitable spirit, and his 
memory is now enshrined in the hearts of all 
who knew him. 



ROBERT W. GLEASON. 

Robert W. Gleason was born in Saugerties, 
New York, November 4, 1833. His father 
was George Gleason, and his mother Julia 
Ann Miller. He attended the common schools 
of his time for a short period, and during 
his spare time assisted his father, acting the 
part of clerk in his father's general store in 
Saugerties. He later on entered the town of 
Hudson, New York, and became a clerk in 
one of Hudson's largest general merchandise 
stores. Through his efforts and in recogni- 
tion of his ability and devotion to his employ- 
er's interests he was made manager of the 
establishment. After - serving his employer 
faithfully for a few years, he being ambitious 
and deeply impressed with his possible oppor- 
tunities, came to Brooklyn and engaged in 
the retail butter business, and opened a small 
store in Grand street. This business pros- 
pered, and in a short space of time he num- 
bered among his customers many of the large 
bakeries throughout the city, supplying them 
with butter and in connection with his retail 
business he was doing a large wholesale busi- 
ness. 

About the year 1864 he engaged in the 
manufacture of tin cans in the city which had 
in the past served him so well. Through 



his combined eflforts this latter business grew 
to some magnitude, and he formed a part- 
nership with Mr. William Vogel; the firm 
became Gleason & Vogel, their factory being 
located at the foot of South Ninth street, 
Brooklyn. For some years he was thus en- 
gaged and the development of this industry 
has been remarkable. 

In the course of events Mr. Gleason's at- 
tention was drawn to that of machinery, and 
after disposing of his interests in the firm of 
Gleason & Vogel he entered into the business 
of manufacturing boilers and engines and con- 
structing parts of machinery, and established 
himself at Water street and Rutger Slip, 
Manhattan. This business had many fascin- 
ations for him, and by close application it like- 
wise proved successful, and he became justly 
credited with being well informed in matters 
pertaining to the construction of machinery. 

In the year 1885 Mr. Gleason disposed of his 
latter business and retired from active com- 
mercial pursuit;;, and became interested in the 
- future of Brooklyn's real estate. By his broad 
conception of values and opportunities of 
Brooklyn property his success was marked, 
and his judgment and counsel was much 
sought after in the general market. Few men 
were better informed concerning realty loca- 
tions and their values than Mr. Gleason. He 
was a member of the Brooklyn Real Estate 
Exchange, and a charter member of the Un- 
ion League Club. 

Mr. Gleason's home life was one; of great 
devotion ; he was always concerned about those 
near to him, and ever manifested a desire to 
make happy and to prolong a contented life, 
and ready at all times to sacrifice his per- 
sonal welfare for those by whom he was sur- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



313 



i-ounded. In his business relations he was up- 
right, indulgent to those needing assistance, 
with strong inclinations to assist for the better- 
ment of their condition. His methods were 
conservative and cautious, rather than radical 
or innovating. 

His many years of Christian life' were 
marked by great consistency, being a mem- 
ber of the Central Baptist church, serving as 
deacon and trustee, and for many years treas- 
urer of the Sunday school. He was a liberal 
contributor to the church for its maintenance 
and support. In his politics, he was a Re- 
publican. At no time did he aspire to any 
office, however, but was always a very close 
observer of the affairs of the city in which he 
lived. 

In 1861 Mr. Gleason married Eliza A., 
daughter of George Slater, of Brooklyn, New- 
York, by whom he had five children, three 
sons and two daughters. There survived him 
at the time of his death, which occurred on 
April 10, 1904, his widow and two daughters, 
Mrs. E. Nevada Smith and Mrs. C. Milton 
Burgess. 



JOHN ELDERKIN, Sr. 

Litterateur and art connoisseur, is a lineal 
descendant of that John Elderkin who was 
born in England between 1612 and 1616, and 
came to New England, there to become one 
of the founders of the Connecticut colony. 
He is first heard of in 1637 at Lynn, Massa- 
chusetts, which was the third plantation of the 
Massachusetts colony, and was settled in 1629. 
In 1638 twenty acres of land were allotted to 
him. He was a carpenter and millwright, and 
his occupation led to frequent removals of 



residence. He appears in Dedham in 1641, 
in Reading in 1646, in Providence in 1648, in 
New London in 1651, and in Norwich in 1664, 
where he lived until his death, June 23, 1687. 
His services as builder were in great demand, 
and he was in particular repute in church 
building. In 1648, while he was in Provi- 
dence, Governor Winthrop besought him to 
come to Connecticut, and "engaged Roger 
WilHams to mediate in his favor," and appar- 
ently with success, for in 1651 he was church 
building in New London. While there he 
built the first merchant vessel ever built or 
owned there, the "New London Tryall" 
(Trial), in 1661, at a cost of more than two 
hundred pounds, and which was regarded as 
a great undertaking. His name is of fre- 
quent reference in the Winthrop papers in the 
Massachusetts Historical Collection. He was 
licensed to keep the town inn, November 6, 
1654, and this appointment was subsequently 
confirmed, as appears from the following 
quaint entry : 

Generall Court of Election, 
Hartford, this 17th of May, 1655. 

John Elderkin of Pequett (the original 
name of the settlement — Ed.) being p'sented 
to this Court as chosen by ye Towne of 
Pequett to keepe an ordinary, according to 
order of Courte, wch he hath accepted of 
to attend after 29 Sept : next. The Court con- 
firms him in that place. 

John Elderkin went to Norwich about 1661 
in a company from New London. Their com- 
ing was the year after the site of that settle- 
ment had been designated, and relating to this 
is a deposition given in court by Elderkin, 
whose signature appears in facsimile in the 
"History of Norwich." Two lots were allotted 



314 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



to him in remuneration for services which are 
not stated. The first lot was probably given 
to him in 1667, but, being too far removed 
from his business, the town consented to his 
conveying it to Samuel Lothrop, August 24, 
1668, and he received in its stead another lot 
at the old landing below the Falls, where he 
built a grist mill. This had been a favorite 
Indian resort, and its spring was famous far 
3nd wide. Forty acres on the south side of the 
Little Plain side hills, upon the cove, were 
given to the mill, "to lye to it with the landing 
place, for the use of the town," and to be im- 
proved by John Elderkin, the miller. This 
grant covered the Indian burying place, and 
to the Indians was reserved free access and 
continued right of burial. This grant ex- 
tended over the greater part of what is now 
Washington street, Norwich. In 1668 John 
Elderkin is named among the twenty-five 
freemen of the colony. That he was a man of 
wise judgment is evident from the fact that 
by town vote in 1669 there was "granted to 
Mr. Brewster and John Glover two bits of 
land on the east side of Showtucket River, 
near their own land, they two, with the help of 
Goodman Elderkin, to agree peaceably about 
the division of it between them, and in case 
they can't well agree about the division, then 
it falls to the town again." In 1673 he was 
commissioned to build a new meeting house, 
and his petition in reference thereto is well 
worthy of reproduction : 

Christian Friends and Neighbors : Your 
humble petitioner pleadeth yOur charitie for 
the reasons hereafter expressed. Gentle men, 
it is well known that I have been undertaker 
for building of the meeting house and it being 
a work very difficult to understand the whole 



worth and value of, yet notwithstanding I 
have presumed to doe the work for a sertain 
sum of money (to wit) 428 pound, not have- 
ing any designe thereby to make myself rich, 
but that the towne might have there meeting 
house dun for a reasonable consideration. But 
upon my experience, I doe find by my bill 
of cost, I have dun said work very much to 
my damage, as I shall now make appear. 
Gentlemen, I shall not say much unto you, but 
onely if you may be made sencible'of my loss 
in said undertaking, I pray for your generous 
and charitable conclusion toward me whether 
it be much or little, I hope will be well except- 
ed from your poor and humble petitioner. 
JOHN ELDERKIN. 
A gallery was built in the meeting house, 
and as compensation the town granted to Eld- 
erkin a tract of land "at Pocketannuck's cove's 
mouth." In March; 1698, a "lean-to" was 
added to the house, and "Goodman Elderkin, 
carpenter," was engaged to arrange the pews 
into eight classes, according to their dignity, 
viz. : "The square pue to be considered first 
in dignity, the new seats and the fore seats 
in the broad alley next, and alike in dignity," 
and so on through the eight classes, following 
a custom prevailing in all the settlements. A 
"paper vote" was taken whenever a meeting 
house was finished, and a committee elected to 
"dignify the seats." The rules for seating, or 
"dignifying," were based upon age, rank, of- 
fice, estate, and aid furnished in the erection 
of the building, and frequent disputes and bit- 
ter feuds often resulted. 

John Elderkin was twice married. His first 
wife was Abigail, whose family name is un- 
known, as are also the dates of their marriage 
and her death. March i, 1660, he married 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



315 



Elizabeth (Drake) Gaylord, daughter of John 
Drake, and widow of William Gaylord, of 
Windham. She died at Norwich, June 8, 
1 716, aged ninety-five years. She was a lineal 
descendant of Henry de Bohun, first Earl of 
Hereford, and in her family the line runs 
direct to three of the seven earls who were 
elected guardians of Magna Charta. 

In succeeding generations the Elderkins in- 
termarried with the descendants of Elder Will- 
iam Brewster. Judge Elias Brewster, of 
Oswego county, New York, married Harriet 
Clark, and she was the connecting link between 
the White, Elderkin and Brewster families; 
her mother, Mary Anne Elderkin, was the 
daughter of Vine Elderkin and Lydia White, 
daughter of Rev. Stephen White, of Wind- 
ham. Vine Elderkin was a son of Colonel 
Jedediah Elderkin. The Elderkins also inter- 
married with the Jackson family, and Dr, 
James H. Jackson, the friend and colaborer of 
Hon. Gerrit Smith, traced his descent from 
Colonel Jedediah Elderkin, Colonel Giles Jack- 
son, Rev. Stephen White and Judge Elias 
Brewster. Hon. Noble S. Elderkin, of Pots- 
dam, St.^ Lawrence county. New York, was a 
descendant of Bela Elderkin, second son of 
Colonel Jedediah Elderkin. Major William 
Anthony Elderkin, U. S. A., is one of his sons. 
These are only a few of the more notable mem- 
bers of this sturdy New England family. 

John Elderkin (2) eldest son of John El- 
derkin (i) by his second wife, Elizabeth 
Drake, was an early settler upon the west bank 
of the Shetucket river, near Lord's (then El- 
derkin's) bridge, and his dwelling was located 
upon the precise spot now occupied by 
Sprague's boarding-house, in the village of 
Baltic. He was proprietor of the nearby saw 



and grist mills. He often acted officially, and 
was particularly designated to direct the lay- 
ing out of highways from the outskirts of the 
settlement to the church. On an early map 
of Norwich (West Farms) 1663 to 1725, El- 
derkin's house, mills and bridge are all laid 
down. In December, 1713, he completed a 
new meeting house on the site of the one 
originally built by his father. He, too, lost 
by the transaction, and having prayed the 
town to "make some retaliation," was re- 
lieved by a grant of fifty acres of land. He 
had much to do with the wharfing, building 
and general beginnings of the "Landing," 
or present city of Norwich. He married Abi- 
gail Fowler, daughter of William Fowler, of 
Milford; she was born in Norwich, May 7, 
1694. 

John Elderkin (3) was the eldest son of 
John Elderkin (2). Little is known of him 
beyond the fact that he married Susannah 
Baker, August 26, 1714, and that he was the 
father of three sons who became remarkable 
men. The eldest. Colonel Jedediah Elderkin, 
was a prominent lawyer of Windham, a mem- 
ber of the general assembly of Connecticut for 
seventeen years, and for more than thirty 
years a justice of the peace. He was ah ar- 
dent patriot, and during the revolution was a 
member of the governor's council of safety. 
In March, 1775, he was commissioned colonel 
of the Fifth Regiment of Connecticut militia. 
Throughout the entire war he was continued 
in important positions of trust, and was among 
the principal agents for provisioning and 
equipping the army, particularly with muni- 
tions of war. His last public service of mo- 
ment was as a member of the state convention 
which ratified the Constitution of the United 



16 



316 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



States. He was among the first, if not the 
first, to introduce the silkworm into Connecti- 
cut, and for twenty years ptior to his death 
in 1793 he was engaged in silk manufacture. 
Dr. Joshua Elderkin, youngest son of John 
Elderkin (3), was a graduate of Yale College, 
a man of high ability and great energy, and is 
celebrated in the annals of Connecticut as an 
ardent patriot. A daughter of John Elder- 
kin (3), Susannah, born in Norwich, August 
12, 1722, married Jabez Bigelow, of Hebron, 
Connecticut, and from her descended a num- 
ber of distinguished men, among them Pro- 
fessor Melville M. Bigelow, of Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, an eminent lawyer and author 
of several authoritative legal text-books. 

John Elderkin (4), second son of John El- 
' derkin (3), was born February 3, 1719. He 
was commissioned quartermaster in the mili- 
tia July 6, 1775 ; quartermaster in Colonel 
Qiarles Webb's (Nineteenth Continental) 
regiment, in 1777; and quartermaster in Sec- 
ond Regiment, Connecticut Line, in which 
Nathan Hale was a captain. He was prob- 
ably a farmer and builder, and a large land- 
holder. In 1742 he married Rebecca Allen, 
of Norwich. 

John Elderkin (5), eldest child of John El- 
derkin (4), was born January 16, 1743. He 
was educated at Yale College, probably lived in 
Groton, and died at a comparatively early 
age. 

Joshua Elderkin (5), second son of John 
Elderkin (4), was born in 1750. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Newton, of 
Groton. 

John Elderkin (6), who was the ancestor 
of the Long Island branch of the family, was 
the son of Joshua Elderkin (5). He studied 



medicine with Dr. John O. Minor, at Groton, 
1800 to 1804, then removing to Setauket, on 
the north side of Long Island, near the Sound. 
He married Martha Smith, daughter of one 
of the early proprietors, who inherited a large 
tract of land in the middle of the island, and 
which is yet in possession of her descendants. 
Dr. Elderkin inherited the ancestral taste for 
building. He erected most of the houses in 
the old village of Setauket, those about the 
mill pond. He was the friend and family 
physician of the best people for thirty miles 
about, and his reputation as a physician is a 
tradition among the older residents in all 
that portion of the country. He belonged to 
the Masonic fraternity. His children were 
John, and two daughters. Mary became the 
wife of Thomas Gwynne, a cotton merchant of 
New York, and their children were John A., 
the well known banker; and William, who 
served in the federal army during the rebel- 
lion. Dr. Elderkin's youngest daughter, Au- 
gusta Frederica, became the wife of Charles 
Orme, of Clifton, England, a man of good 
family, who held a judicial position in Bris- 
tol, England, for many years. Their son 
Robert studied medicine in Guys Hospital, 
London, and became a physician ; another son, 
Frederic, vvas an officer in the British army, 
and died in India. 

John Elderkin (7), son of Dr. John El- 
derkin (6), studied medicine but did not enter, 
the profession. He was the third graduate 
from the New York College of Pharmacy, and 
engaged in the drug business in Pearl street, 
New York, not far from the corner of Vande- 
water street. After the death of his father in 
1836 he left New York and took up his resi- 
dence in the family mansion in Setauket. At 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



317 



this place he engaged in business as a drug- 
gist and general merchant until his death in 
1885, also serving as postmaster. He mar- 
ried Renelcha Hallock, a daughter of Captain 
Charles D. Hallock, of Stony Brook, a large 
shipowner and shipbuilder. She was a wom- 
an of refinement, ambition and energy, untir- 
ing in her effort to afford her children the 
advantages of education, social culture and 
sound moral principles. She excelled in ev- 
ery womanly quality, and her home was noted 
for comfort, intelligence and good cheer. Four 
sons and two daughters survived her. One 
of the sons, George Hallock Elderkin, resides 
in the old town of Setauket, and is a trustee 
of the Emma S. Clark Memorial Library re- 
cently founded there by the late Thomas G. 
Hodgkins. A daughter, Renelcha (or Nellie) 
became the wife of Sinclair Tousey, late presi- 
dent of the American News Company. 

John Elderkin (8), eldest son of John El- 
derkin (7), is the eighth in lineal descent to 
bear the full patronymic as it has come down 
from the emigrant ancestor of the American 
branch of the family. In 1856 he came tO' New 
York on the invitation of Robert Bonner, pro- 
prietor of the Nezi' York Ledger, and has 
borne intimate relation to that journal to the 
present time. As journalist, editor and author, 
he has for many years held an acknowledged 
position of prominence. In 1870, a few weeks 
after the Lotus Club was projected, he be- 
came identified with it, and participated in 
the first meeting of the club at No. 2 Irving 
Place. In 1873 he became a member of the 
board of directors, and was frequently re- 
elected. He is as well and favorably known 
as an art critic as an author, and has made 
valuable collections of paintings. As a member 



of the art committee of the Lotus Club he made 
the remarkable exhibition of paintings of the 
Barbizan school in 1897. He also served upon 
the art committee of the Union League Qub, 
and as chairman of the art committee of the 
Colonial. Qub. He has a fine collection of 
paintings in his home in West Eighty-third 
street, chiefly works of American artists. He 
has also collected a fine library, loving choice 
literature for its own sake, and his leisure 
time is divided between his books and the 
diversions of pictorial art. He has long been 
a leading promoter of art in America, but 
has always stoutly opposed a tariff on for- 
eign art, save such as would ensure the im- 
portation of works of merit only. Among 
the fruits of his pen, in literary and art cir- 
cles, those most highly regarded are "Lotus 
Leaves," 1874, which he edited in collabora- 
tion with John Brougham; and his own 
charming "History of the Lotus Club," 1895. 
In 1865, William L. Weaver published in 
the Willimantic Jownml a sketch of the El- 
derkin family as far as he has been able to 
trace it from 1637 to 1865. At the close of 
his article he says : "We- have been much 
interested in tracing this family. It was of 
good stock, and, unlike some of our early 
families, has not deteriorated. Descendants 
in both the male and female line are high- 
ly respectable, and many talented men art 
found among them. Some of the characteris- 
tics of the family are patriotism, ambition, a 
love of military life, frankness, liberality and 
public spirit." Tlie author of the Elderkin 
genealogy says : "To the alDove might be 
added with propriety that as a race of people 
they are strictly honest, and with few excep- 
tions thev have all embraced the Christian 



318 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



religion. So far as the writer has been able 
to learn, not one of the Elderkin name has 
been convicted of a crime in the ten genera- 
tions, as recorded in his work. This family, 
taken in connection with the families of like 
grade and qualities of mind, make up the great 
central power of this nation of free men. 
They are America's strength in war and her 
resources in time of peace." 



FERDINAND FISH. 

Ferdinand Fish, for many years an impor- 
tant factor in building operations in and near 
lower Broadway, in the city of New York, and 
also in the development of various residential 
settlements near the metropoHs, is a native of 
Brooklyn, born March 24, 1851, in Bedford 
avenue, Williamsburgh, where is now the ap- 
proach to the new bridge. His parents were 
Paul J. and Eliza (Howland) Fish. His father 
came from Vermont, a representative of one of 
the old pioneer families of that state, and was 
associated with Horace Greeley of the " New 
York Tribune," in early days, and his brother 
published the first newspaper printed in 
Brooklyn, in the late thirties or early forties. 
Paul J. Fish was a counsellor at law, for 
many years located at the foot of Broadway, 
Williamsburgh, and was for several years cor- 
poration attorney of the city of Brooklyn. His 
wife came from Cape Cod, Massachusetts, and 
was a direct descendant of John Howland, 
of Governor Carver's family, who came over 
in the "Mayflower." 

Ferdinand Fish was educated in part at 
public school No. 16, in Clymer street, and 
finished at the military academy at Tarry- 
town, New York, in 1870. For three years 



he studied law with his father as his preceptor, 
and for three years following was engaged 
in engineering and architecture. He early de- 
veloped a taste for construction work, and 
when twenty-one years old planned and built 
a $10,000 house, working personally in every 
line of the work. In 1872 he engaged in the 
real estate and building business in Plain- 
field, New Jersey, at the same time publishing 
a newspaper. He opened a branch office in 
Broadway, New York, in 1873, and the fol- 
lowing year discontinued business in Plain- 
field to enter into a partnership with the late 
James M. Taylor, then one of the leading real 
estate agents in New York, at ij Pine street, 
and this association was maintained until the 
death of Mr. Taylor in 1881, when Mr. Fish 
succeeded to the business. In 1882 he re- 
moved to the large first floor front offices on 
the northwest corner of Broadway and Lib- 
erty street, where he remained until 1895, 
when he sold the property, together with two 
adjoining buildings, to the Singer Sewing 
Machine Company for a site for their present 
building. During the thirteen years that Mr. 
Fish occupied these offices at No. 149 Broad- 
way he built up a business of great magni- 
tude for those times, his income from com- 
missions frequently reaching over $35,000 a 
year, and one year more than $50,000. He 
made a specialty for a number of years of the 
alteration of old buildings to adapt them to 
the new demands of tenants, putting in ele- 
vators, steam heat, etc., until the advent of 
the modern sky-scrapers, when business 
ceased to justify further continuance, and 
since which few attempts have been made to 
alter old structures. A noticeable relic of 
those days, and of his construction, was the 




^(h'ZlviA.^^i^^d^ 9"<7>Ww 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



321 



present office building opposite City Hall Park, 
No. 265 Broadway, which was then one of the 
ornaments of that part of Broadway. He also 
transacted a large office renting business, and 
for a number of years his " To Let " bills 
were a conspicuous feature of the office rent- 
ing district. During all these years he was 
an important factor in the sales market, and 
many of the more inportant transactions of 
the day were consummated in his offices. 
Among the most important of these with 
which he was identified were the sales of 104- 
106 Broadway, corner of Pine street; 149-151- 
153 Broadway, corner Liberty street; 177-179 
Broadway and 10 Cortland street; 13-15-17 
Dey street, 14 Cortland street in connection ; 
53-55-57-59 West Forty-second street; 65-67 
William street; 62-64 William street, corner 
Liberty and Washington streets, and many 
other smaller parcels all over the city. For 
over ten years Mr. Fish was the expert for 
the Manhattan Elevated Railroad, and has 
been employed by the United States govern- 
ment, the city of New York, the New Jersey 
Central Railroad and the Long Island Rail- 
road and other large corporations, estates and 
concerns. He has always made more or less 
a specialty of court cases, and his qualifica- 
tions as an expert both in real estate and 
building matters have never been denied by 
any of the many judges before whom he has 
appeared. 

A business of this magnitude would seem to 
be sufficient to keep one man employed, but 
Mr. Fish's temperament seems always to have 
driven him to further effort. During these 
years of his greatest activity he further inter- 
ested himself in many other enterprises. He 
organized the Highland Beach Improvement 



Company, enlisting the aid of some of the fore- 
most men in the financial world, and built up 
an excursion resort on the New Jersey coast, 
known as Highland Beach, which for the nine 
years during which he conducted it as presi- 
dent of the company, was very popular. Ai 
the same time he organized a New York cor- 
poration known as the New York Real Estate 
and Building Improvement Company, which 
for years operated in leasehold properties. 
During most of the period the leases were in 
force the business was successful, but finally 
became less remunerative for the reason that 
all the possibilities of the company were de- 
pendent upon " net income " rather than in- 
crease in fee values. An anomalous condition 
was revealed in the operations of this com- 
pany. Notwithstanding all of the valuable 
downtown properties held under lease by this 
company have been sold and are largely nov^^ 
owned and built upon by great c&rporations 
which paid from two to four times the price 
the leases were based upon, the " net rents " 
went on going down year after year until the 
cost for ground rents and the increased de- 
mands of tenants for modern service made 
many of the undertakings losing propositions. 
During two years of this activity Mr. FFsh 
also edited and managed a real estate publi- 
cation called " The Bulletin," which in the 
last year of its career consisted of sixteen 
pages and was earning money, but at this 
critical point the strain of overwork so told 
on Mr. Fish that he was obliged to drop every- 
thing and make a voyage to Europe for a rest. 
There was no one to take his place, and the 
paper ceased to exist. He was always, in 
the earlier years of the Real Estate Exchange, 
actively interested in some of the important 



322 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



phases of its work, and " The Bulletin " was 
really instituted in this interest. He wrote a 
great deal for many of the New York papers 
on topics relating to this business and the Ex- 
change, and he has always been more or less 
engaged in some kind of literary work. 

In 1896 Mr. Fish undertook what he al- 
ways regarded as his crowning and finishing 
work. He organized the Water Witch Club 
in the Highlands of Navesink, New Jersey, 
The Water Witch Clubhouse is situated al- 
most at the summit ,of the famous Highlands, 
and overlooks Sandy Hook, the Navesink and 
Shrewsbury rivers and the Atlantic ocean. It 
derives its name from James Fenimore Coop- 
er's novel, " The Water Witch," and the lo- 
cality is most interestingly reminiscent to the 
student of Colonial and Revolutionary his- 
tory. The reader of Cooper's delightful ro- 
mance will recall the strangely-named villa, 
" Lust in Rust,'' built by the smuggling Dutch 
alderman, Van Beverout, and the adventures 
of the " Water Witch," guided by the mysteri- 
ous sea-green lady, which glided in and out of 
a secret inlet that existed near the Hook. 
The inlet is visible from the veranda of the 
club house. Around the building, winding in 
and out among the trees, are pretty walks 
and drives whose names are remindful of the 
novel — Coquette Lane, Fenimore Terrace, 
Cupid Path, Witch's Lane, Gypsy Pass, and 
Water Witch Drive. The club was conceived 
on unique lines, intended for people of mod- 
erate means as a summer home. The price 
of membership, which included a building 
site, was started at $250. The type of house 
encouraged at the beginning was such as cotild 
be erected for $1,250, and prizes were given 



for artistic designs. In less than five years 
the enterprise entirely outgrew its first habili- 
ments. Nearly all of the original lots were 
sold, values increasing to as high as $2,000, 
and most of the choicest sites have been im- 
proved with residences costing upward of 
$10,000, and as much as $30,000. Adjoining 
lands have been bought and improved, and 
the Water Witch Club is now a full-fledged 
social success, and financial as well. It has 
a complete water and sewerage system and 
macadamized roads, and is now planning to 
replace the original club house with a struc- 
ture to cost nearly $40,000. Among the labors 
of Mr. Fish in the establishment of this de- 
lightful resort, was the editing and pubHsh- 
ing of " The Oracle," an illustrated journal 
which he maintained until the undertaking 
was firmly estabhshed and its success no 
longer problematical. 

Mr. Fish is now devoting himself particu- 
larly to real estate, building and contracting, 
at 1099 Flatbush avenvte, Brooklyn, still main- 
taining his office for expert work at No. 150 
Broadway, Manhattan, besides several inter- 
ests in connection with clients for whom he 
has done business during his entire career of 
more than thirty years. His more recent work 
in Brooklyn has been in connection with 
" The Thrift " and the Morris Building, both 
at 207 Ryerson street. He laid out and de- 
veloped for the latter company Kensington 
Park, Flatbush, comprising extensive work in 
street opening and finishing, house construc- 
tion, etc., etc. He has also erected a consid- 
erable number of houses in the Flatbush sec- 
tion for individuals, making a specialty of 
superior construction. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



323 



MECHANICS' AND TRADERS' EX- 
CHANGE. 

On February 7, 1905, the annual banquet of 
the Mechanics' and Traders' Elxchange marked 
the fiftieth anniversary of the establishment of 
that organization. The event is of peculiar in- 
terest in this connection because of the fact 
that this body is by many years the oldest or- 
ganization of the building trade and its allied 
interests in Brooklyn. Besides, all similar or- 
ganizations here have in a way grown out of 
it, and practically all the men who have been 
largely concerned in the upbuilding of the 
present Brooklyn have been of its membership, 
as are some of them to the present day. 
Whether of the past or the present, the mem- 
bership of the Exchange has included, as. it 
now includes, a large number of the most en- 
terprising and successful contractors and 
builders of the day in which they flourished. 

The records of the Mechanics' and Traders' 
Exchange are too meager to enable us to ex- 
actly ascertain when the body had its begin- 
ning. Certain it is, however, that about 1855 
the builders began to congregate in the even- 
ings on the sidewalk in front of the old Phoe- 
nix Building, on Court street, where now 
stands the modern edifice which bears the 
name of its prototype. At these informal gath- 
erings deals for realty, material and work were 
made, and discussions with reference to ques- 
tions aflfecting building interests were carried 
on after the fashion still prevailing in strictly 
rural neighborhoods. 

It would appear that weather inclemencies 
were principally responsible for the present 
effective organization. Rain and snow con- 
spired to drive the pioneer builders indoors. 



and, once in a room, business began to be trans- 
acted more me'thodically. It was not, however, 
until 1870 that a formal organization was ef- 
fected, and it was two years later (in 1872) 
that the body was incorporated, and under the 
name which it has borne tO' the present time. 
The constitution then adopted recited the pur- 
poses to be as follows : 

"To provide and regulate suitable rooms for 
the daily meetings of the Exchange in the city 
of Brooklyn. To establish a more general and 
good understanding, just and equitable prin- 
ciples in all business transactions with each 
other; to acquire, preserve and disseminate 
valuable business information ; and, in all cases 
of misunderstanding arising between members 
of the Exchange, they shall be adjusted as 
may be provided in the by-laws." 

This organization was effected at a time 
when such was most needed. The Exchange 
became at the outset, as it has continued to be, 
a helpful stimulus to its individual members, 
and a power in the upbuilding of the city. At 
first only a gathering of individuals interested 
in a common pursuit, its influence broadened 
until it became an agency for good in all per- 
taining to the material interests of the entire 
community. 

The first president after the incorporation of 
the Exchange was Henry Harteau. He was 
succeeded by James Howell, who was elected, 
after an exciting canvass, over William H. 
Hazzard, one of the most prominent and 
wealthy builders of that day. Mr. Howell 
served for about ten years, and declined fur- 
ther service. He was peculiarly energetic, 
and his administration is remembered as being 
particularly useful. His successors in the pres- 
idential office were : James H. Stephenson, 
James Sharkey, F. J. Ashfield, Elbert Snede- 



324 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



ker, Thomas B. Rutan, Ellis H. Baillie, Fran- 
cis Conklin, Arthur G. Stone, and WiUiam 
Kennedy. The last-named, who was elected 
in 1904, was re-elected in 1905. 

The first secretary was Benjamin Lewis, who 
first served under President Harteau, and then 
during a part of President Howell's adminis- 
tration. He was succeeded by F. J. Ashfield, 
who held the office several years. The suc- 
ceeding secretaries w.ere Firank Bernard, 
George C. Cranford, F. J. Kelly, Jr. ; Charles 
Caccavajio, and William C. Williams, who is 
now serving in his second term. 

An early treasurer was Benjamin C. Miller, 
who occupied the position for a number of 
years. The present incumbent of the office is 
Isaac P. Sutherland, who in February, 1905, 
was re-elected, and is now serving his twenty- 
first term. To him is due in largest degree, 
according to the consensus of opinion of the 
membership, the maintenance of the prestige 
enjoyed by the Exchange, and the enlargement 
of its usefulness. 

The Exchange has made several changes of 
location. Leaving its first quarters in ti.e 
Phoenix Building, it occupied second-story 
rooms at the corner of Myrtle avenue and 
Fulton street. For a number of years after- 
ward it was domiciled on Montague street, 
near Clinton street, where the Peoples' Trust 
Company building is now in course of con- 
struction. Here its rooms were fitted up elab- 
orately; elegant and expensive walnut boo-- 
cases were made, and a valuable library was 
accumulated — largely technical works on 
building and architecture, with an assortment 
of general literature. These rooms were, how- 
ever, away from the thoroughfare, and, as a 
result, membership largely diminished, and 



the investment (about ten thousand dollar^sj 
disappeared almost altogether. The library 
was abandoned, and the books were sent to 
the Kings County Penitentiary, where they 
have remained to the present time. Abandon- 
ing the Montague street location, the Ex- 
change returned to its old quarters at Myrtle 
avenue and Fulton street, where it remained 
until its removal to its present rooms at 359 
Fulton street. During the crucial epoch of 
which narration has been made, and owing to 
the disappearance of the accumulated fund 
spoken of, the acquisition of a permanent home 
for the Exchange and the establishment of a. 
technical school (both of which objects had 
been contemplated and provided for in the ar- 
ticles of incorporation) were lost sight of, and 
these purposes were never carried out. 

The present membership of the Mechanics" 
and Traders' Exchange is about twO' hundred, 
and comprises representative contractors and 
firms dealing in lumber and building supplies 
of every description, as well as individuals and 
firms representing allied trades. The Exchange 
maintains open rooms daily ( Sundays and holi- 
idays excepted) from nine o'clock a. m. to 4 :30 
o'clock p. m. The annual meeting occurs 
on the third Tuesday in February, and quar- 
terly meetings are also held. In addition to 
the officers before named is a vice-president, 
C. E. Anselm, re-elected. The board of man- 
agers is : Arthur G. Stone, F. C. Candee, Jr., 
Henry Grassman, D. J. Creem, Charles H. 
May, J. Morton Halstead and Thomas B. Min- 
iter. While the Exchange takes no part what- 
ever in politics, the body is keenly alive to the 
interests of the city and has exerted a potent 
influence in placing in position, particularly in 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



325 



the municipal building bureau, men of ac- 
knowledged capability and integrity. 

For some years past the annual banquet oi 
the Exchange has been numbered among the 
important social events of the city. February 
9, 1904, the dinner was given in honor of Ar- 
thur G. Stone, the retiring president, as a fit- 
ting testimonial of the esteem in which he was 
held as an officer and a man. On February 
7, 1905, the banquet was particularly notice- 
able as commemorating the fiftieth anniversar\ 
of the institution of the organization. 

The Exchange will not permit the publica- 
tion of its membership roll. 

builders' association. 
It is curious to note, in view of the magni- 
tude of speculative building operations for 
so many years, that the formation of an asso- 
ciation by those interested therein should have 
been so long deferred. The subject was fre- 
quently discussed in an informal way by promi- 
nent builders, but it was not until the year 1903 
that the desired result was accomplished. 

The inception of the enterprise is to be cred- 
ited to Thomas F. Martin, who broached the 
subject to Charles Hagedorn and Charles G. 
Reynolds, and these three gentlemen united in 
a call inviting a number of prominent specula- 
tive builders to a meeting to consider the feasi- 
bility of such an organization as they had in 
mind. The following named builders signified 
their acquiescence by their presence in the 
Johnson building. No. 8 Nevins street, on May 
22, 1903 : Thomas F. Martin, Charles Hage- 
dorn, Thomas Eraser, Otto Singer, Eli H. 
Bishop, Qiarles G. Reynolds, John J. Magilli- 
gan, William FI. Reynolds, Lewis Bonnert, 
Peter Collins, WiUiam Flanagan, Louis Beer, 
John O'Neil, William B. Greenman, Albert 



Johnson and Edward J. Maguire. A temporary 
organization was effected by the unanimous 
selection of William H. Reynolds as chairman, 
and Edward J. Maguire as secretary, and the 
following "plan and scope committee" was ap- 
pointed, with instructions to report at a subse- 
quent meeting: Charles G. Reynolds, Edward 
J. Maguire, Charles Hagedorn and Louis Bon- 
nert. 

May 29th a further meeting was held, open 
to all speculative builders of Brooklyn, when 
a permanent organization was effected with the 
following officers : William H. Reynolds, 
president; William Flanagan, vice-president; 
Thomas F. Martin, treasurer. It was provided 
that the secretary should be appointed, and 
John J. Magilligan was named for the position. 
At the same time committees were appointed 
as follows : Executive, Membership, and Ar- 
bitration. At a subsequent meeting a Legisla- 
tive committee was added. 

The constitution as adopted gave the title 
of -the body to be the Builders' Association of 
the Borough of Brooklyn, New York city, and 
recited its purposes to be las follows : 

First. To elevate the standing of the 
Builders, to foster, protect and promote their 
welfare, and, in conjunction with other or- 
ganizations now existing (or to be formed), 
to promote the interests of the building trade 
in general. 

Second. To adopt such measures for the 
better protection of employers and employees 
as shall lead to the promotion of harmony be- 
tween all parties engaged with us in business ; 
to arbitrate all differences, and so' avoid the 
great evil of strikes, which unsettle our busi- 
ness and drive capital into other channels of 
investment. 

Third. To demonstrate to our employees 
that our interests are identical, and that, ,con- 



326 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



sequently, all laws affecting the building inter- 
ests must be considered jointly, if they are to 
operate for the benefit of all. 

July 2, 1903, rooms for the use of the Asso- 
ciation were secured in the Johnson Building 
before mentioned, and which have been its 
quarters up to the present time. 

December 17, 1903, provision was made for 
a first and second vice-president, and at the 
meeting of January 21, 1904, the following of- 
ficers were elected : William M. Calder, pres- 
ident; Frederick W. Rowe, first vice-presi- 
dent ; Frank L. Singer, second vice-president ; 
Thomas F. Martin, treasurer. John J. Magil- 
ligan was appointed secretary. On February 
16 following, the first annual banquet was 
held at the Montauk Club. Hon. William M. 
Calder, president of the Association, presided, 
and one hundred and fifty-six members were 
present. The addresses were informal. 

The Association was incorporated under its 
first and present title on March 31, 1904, the 
articles of incorporation being drawn up by 
Edward M. Perry, commissioner of deeds, and 
approved by G. J. Garrettson, justice of the 
supreme court. 

At the meeting of January 19, 1905, the fol- 
lowing officers were elected : Hon. William 
M. Calder, president (re-elected) ; Frederick 
W. Rowe, first vice-president (re-elected) ; 
Henry B. Hill, second vice-president ; Thomas 
F. Martin, treasurer (re-elected). John J. Ma- 
gilligan was re-appointed secretary. The sec- 
ond annual banquet took place at the Montauk 
Club, February 20 following. President Cal- 
der presided, and one hundred and seventy-one 
members were present. 

The Builders' Association has exerted itself 
usefully in the promotion of public interests 



as well as of those which it is its principal 
purpose to safeguard. It procured from the 
gas companies an important concession in the 
abrogation of the street opening house charge 
(ten to twenty dollars a building) against 
buildings located on asphalt streets or gran- 
ite pavements. It also procured the abolition 
of the roof and water tax on new buildings at 
the beginning of their construction, and the 
substitution of a provision that such t^x shall 
not be levied until four months after enclosure, 
thus relieving the property until it shall have 
become productive. It endorsed an important 
measure which has not yet been carried into 
effect — Borough President Littleton's plan 
for building a loop connecting the two bridges 
over East River, in order to admit of trains 
running both ways ; and it also strongly urged 
the construction of salt water mains for fire 
purposes. During the less than three years of 
its existence the Association has made strenu- 
ous effort for the abolition of the tax on build- 
ings in course of construction, and for defer- 
ring the levy until completion. It also ap- 
pointed an efficient committee (Frederick W. 
Rowe, Monroe Stiner, Otto Singer, Thomas 
F. Martin and Alfred Hamilton) to cooperate 
with other botlies in behalf of the Brooklyn 
subways. 

One o^ the most important efforts on the 
part of the Association was the active and effi- 
cient part it took, in connection with other or- 
ganization (in 1904) in effecting the forma- 
tion of the Employers' League of Brooklvn — 
an association now in full working order, and 
comprising in its membership nearly all the 
trades connected with the building industries. 

The following is the membership roll of the 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



327 



Builders' Association of the Borough of 
Brooklyn : 

William M. Calder, President. 

John J. Magilligan, Secretary^ 56 Berkeley 
Place. 

Abrams & Stockton, 462 Forty-fifth street. 

J. T. Allen, 567 Seventh street. 

Balleisen & Wexler, 11 Graham avenue. 

L. Beer, 808 Broadway. 

E. H. Bishop, 647 Putnam avenue. 

L. Bonert, 487 Fourth street. 

N. C. Bonnlander, 876 Hart street. 

C. Buehl, 527 Humboldt street. 

Burkardt, Schmidt & Findeisen, 1169 
Myrtle avenue. 

W. Burr, 410 Hancock street. 

A. G. Calder, 420 Eighth street. 

W. M. Calder, 551 First street. 

J. A. Canfield, 469 Marion street. 

A. J. Cieslinskie, Avenue E and East Fifth 
street. 

W. F. Clayton, 1745 Pitkin avenue. 

P. J. Collins, 67 Clearmont avenue. 

C. G. Cozine, 364 Macon street. 

J. Dawe, 1047 Forty-first street. 

P. F. Delaney, 115 Underbill avenue. 

■C. H. Dennison, 1124 Prospect place. 

J. H. Dougherty & Bro., 286 Flatbush ave- 
nue. 

G. Eisenbach, 720 Broadway. 

W. Flanagan, 69 Seventh avenue. 

J. Eraser, 44 Rochester avenue. 

J. M. Eraser, 185 Prospect Park West. 

T. H. Eraser, 1042 Bergen street. 

J. J. Gilligan, 741 Carroll street. 

A. Gload, 558 McDonough street- 
Green & Co., 4807 Sixth avenue. 

J. Graham, 1788 Brooklyn avenue. 

W. B. Greenman, 350 Fulton street. 



A. Hamilton, 448 Fifty-fifth street 
W. S. Hassan, 468 Fifty-sixth street. 
J. A. Heinlein, 549 Forty-eighth street. 
W. Herod, 121 1 Sterling Place. 
H. B. Hill, 329 Decatur street. 

E. Johnson, Forty-ninth street and New 
Utrecht avenue. 

W. H. Johnson, 478 Seventh street. 
G. F. Keim, 734 Macon street. 
A. J. Lamb, 75 Cornelia street. 
P. Larsen, 464 Second street. 

F. Lee, 415 Fifty-sixth street. 

R. Leininger, 183 Kingston avenue. 
H. H. Lucke, 5413 Fifth avenue. 
A. T. Mack, 406 Ninth street. 
J. J. Magilligan, 56 Berkeley Place. 

E. Ji Maguire, 1304 Pacific street. 
T. F. Martin, 753 Nostrand avenue. 
P. McTiernan, 127 Russell street. 
C. Menig, 278 St. Nicholas avenue. 

F. B. Norris, 208 Lincoln road. 
O. Olafson, 5108 Sixth avenue. 

A. Olsen, 1523 Fifty-ninth street. 

C. L. Prudden, 468 Fifty-ninth street. 

B. C. Raymond, 1431 Dean street. 

E. Reineking, 753 Qeveland street. 

W. J. Reineking, 336 Hawthorne street. 
■ Richtberg & Tataksky, 47 Sumner avenue. 

C. G. Reynolds, 999 Sterling Place. 
W. Rexter, 4809 Sixth avenue. 

F. W. Rowe, Eastern Parkway & Brooklyn 
avenue. 

F. L. Singer, 1181 Bushwick avenue. 

O. Singer, 671 Macon street. 

F. A. Slocum, Twenty-second avenue and 
Eighty-sixth street. 

Spaeth & Senger, 1480 DeKalb avenue. 

M. Stiner, 467 Fifty-sixth street. 

S. Tate, 528 Fifty-fifth street. 
' C. Tritschler, 808 Broadway. 

L. Ulrich, 6001 Fifth avenue. 

B. Wood, 427 Forty-third street. 

Wilson & Morgan, 456 Fourteenth street. 



328 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



MODERN BROOKLYN. 

ITS UPBUILDING AND ITS BUILDERS. 

The Story of the growth of Brooklyn, its 
development from an inconsequential village 
to a residential city of incomparable import- 
ance, has been told in a previous volume. The 
purpose of the present narrative is to trace 
some of the agencies through which this 
mighty change has been accomplished. 

Among those who contributed in largest 
degree to the upbuilding of Brooklyn was a 
class known as "speculative builders," com- 
prising many of its most capable builders and 
progressive citizens. The term by which they 
were designated served to distinguish them 
from that class of builders who devoted them- 
selves entirely to contract work. The method 
of the speculative builder was to purchase 
such unimproved realty as he conceived to be 
capable of early and profitable improvement, 
and the erection thereon of such buildings as 
in his judgment would meet the wants of an 
already waiting populace, or could be brought 
to the attention of homeseekers, and find 
among them a ready market. These operations 
were of greater or less magnitude as the oper- 
ators were more or less sanguine, and were 
extended to the bounds of their means. Some 
would purchase one or two lots ; others, suffi- 
cient land to lay off in a city block and fre- 
quently on tracts where were no streets, 
and even on farm lands in the outskirts of the 
borough, or beyond. When the building was 
completed the builder would find a purchaser, 
and with the proceeds repeat his venture, 
sometimes in the same locality, and again in 
an entirely different section. These undertak- 
ings met with varied degrees of failure or 



success. In some instances it proved disas- 
trous, and sent the optimistic operator into in- 
solvency; in others, he reaped a rich reward, 
and found himself on the highway to wealth 
and independence. No matter, however, how 
the speculative builder fared personally, the 
community was largely the gainer, for the city 
was greatly expanded and beautified, and the 
wants of an ever-increasing population were 
adequately provided for by thousands of fam- 
ily residences, tenements and apartment 
houses, adapted to the requirements of every 
class of home buyer or tenant, from the small 
wage earner to the man of large affairs who 
demanded a luxurious habitation and the rich- 
est appointments. 

Thus was the builder a public benefactor. 
Many of the class were also men of broad con- 
ceptions and stirring enterprise, outside the 
line of their calling, and bore a large part in 
municipal affairs, efficiently aiding in the de- 
velopment and improvement of the city along 
all material and moral lines. Many have been 
called from time to time to high official posi- 
tions, particularly in connection with the Bu- 
reau of Buildings, where their expert knowl- 
edge made their service particularly valuable. 
Their infltience has also been potent in legis- 
lation, and through their influence many salu- 
tary laws relating to the construction and se- 
curity of buildings have been enacted and cod- 
ified. The greater number of the early build- 
ers have passed away, and in various instances 
their places are now occupied by their sons, 
whom they reared to their own calling. Of 
the pioneer builders who yet remain are three 
conspicuous examples : John Magilligan, who 
began work in Brooklyn in 1850"; William 
Flanagan, whose work dates from about 1859 > 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



329 



and A. Bush — all septuagenarians. Of a some- 
what later date there are two prominent repre- 
sentatives — Alexander G. Cakler, lately re- 
tired, and whose son, Hon. William M. Calder, 
served as building commissioner, is the present 
president of the Builders' Association, and 
was elected to congress in 1904 ; and A. Bush. 
The era of speculative building began on a 
small scale shortly before the outbreak of the 
Civil war, when the population of Brooklyn did 
not greatly exceed twenty thousand, and wheti 
the residences of the people were mostly with- 
in the distance of three-quarters of a mile from 
the Fulton Ferry. Beyond this limit there 
were no streets of any consequence, and the 
ground was chiefly occupied for agricultural 
.purposes. The subsequent tremendous expan- 
sion of residential territory resulted from an 
imperative necessity for providing for a large 
part of the commercial and industrial popula- 
tion of the city of New York, and was accom- 
plished through the foresight and enterprise 
of the description of men to whom reference 
has been made. The residential districts thus 
created include the Park Slope region, which 
was opened up about i860 by Clinton Daniels; 
the Bedford section, which was opened up 
about 1870, and which was until then mere 
farming lands ; Prospect Park South, which 
less than ten years ago was a cornfield; and 
others, of which these may serve as examples. 
The ends accomplished through the labors of 
those who developed these large tracts are dis- 
cernible in thousands of comfortable family 
homes and apartment houses, while in some re- 
gions the buildings are wholly detached from 
others, affording lawns and garden spots, while 
all are fully provided with all that is called for 
by high sanitary standards — ample and clean 



water supply and effective sewerage, electric 
lighting, telephone service and elevators. 



GEORGE F. KEIM. 

George F. Keim, an enterprising and promi- 
nent business man of Brooklyn, New York, 
who first engaged in the mercantile line and 
later as a speculative builder, was born in 
New York city, March 14, 1856, a son of 
William • Christian Keim, an extensive real es- 
tate owner of that city. 

He attended the public schools of his na- 
tive city, graduating from the same at the age 
of fourteen years, after which for one year he 
pursued a business course in the College of 
the City of New York. He then secured em- 
ployment in a wholesale house, and three years 
later went on the road for the firm, making 
western trips and achieving a large degree of 
success. After dissolving his connection with 
this firm he entered into partnership with his 
brother, Henry G. Keim, under the style of 
Keim Brothers, their place of business being 
on Prince street. New York, and there they 
manufactured flowers and feathers. In 1882 
the partnership was dissolved and George F. 
Keim went on the road for the firm of De 
Pinna & Son. He continued as a traveling 
salesman up to 1884, when he engaged in the 
millinery business on Broadway, Brooklyn, 
which increased rapidly, enlarging from time 
to time until there was no more available 
room. In 1892 erected an extensive building 
on Broadway, corner of Ditmars street, one 
block above Myrtle avenue, in which he con- 
ducted business up to 1900, a period of eight 
years, when he disposed of the same and de- 
voted his entire time to speculative building, 



330 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



for which line of work he evinced a decided 
taste and aptitude since the erection of his own 
building. 

Mr. Keini erected a four-story apartment 
house at No. 328 Madison street, between 
Marcy and Tompkins avenues. He then built 
and sold twenty-two two-family houses on Jef- 
ferson avenue, between Hamburg and Knick- 
erbocker avenues, these being two^ story and 
basement, and the first to be erected in that 
section of the borough, which was then noth- 
ing but fields. He built eleven first-class two- 
family houses on Hancock street, between 
Hamburg and Knickerbocker avenues, and 
during this time he also purchased and sold 
a large amount of real estate. October 15, 
1904, Mr. Keim began operations on Halsey 
street, betweeli Throop and Tompkins ave- 
nues, where he has erected five double four- 
story apartment houses of a superior class, 
which give accommodations to forty families. 
They are built after the latest style, all mod- 
ern improvements, and up-to-date in every- 
thing known- to the building trade, such as 
fire-proof partitions, steel girders, the latest 
plumbing, steam heat, hot water, gas range, 
tile bath room, automatic dumb waiters, etc., 
all of the very best material. Mr. Keim has 
been largely instrumental in the development 
of the section of the city in which his opera- 
tions were conducted, and has made a success 
of every enterprise in which he has engaged. 
He is recognized as a careful and expert 
builder. Mr. Keim is a veteran of the Sev- 
enty-first Regiment, New York State Na- 
tional Guard, and a member of the Brooklyn 
Masonic Veterans, Clinton Lodge No. 453, 
Free and Accepted Masons, the Union League 
Club, the Kings County Republican Club, and 



the Builders' Association of the Borough of 
Brooklyn. 

BENJAMIN C. RAYMOND. 

Benjamin C. Raymond, who for the past 
twelve years has been a factor in building op- 
erations in Brooklyn, both as a contractor and 
speculator, was born in Yarmouth, Nova Sco- 
tia, July 26, 1865. His father, Joseph I. Ray- 
mond, was a ship builder who came with his 
family to Brooklyn in 1880 and followed his 
trade in this city until his retirement from 
business life. He is still a resident of this 
borough. 

Coming to Brooklyn when a youth of fifteen 
years, Benjamin C. Raymond learned his trade 
with Stephen Hassard and John Y. McKayne, 
and the efficiency which he attained at car- 
pentering and building enabled him to fill a 
responsible position as foreman in early man- 
hood. When twenty-four years of age he be- 
gan business on his own account as a general 
contractor, and soon demonstrating his ability, 
was awarded the contracts for the erection of 
various houses and flats. He had a shop on 
Baltic street, near Fourth avenue, and his suc- 
cess enabled him to enter the field of specu- 
lative building in 1893, since which time his 
labors have contributed to the improvement 
and progress of the city along architectural 
lines, and at the same time have promoted his 
individual prosperity. His first undertaking 
of this character was the erection of ten houses 
on Ralph and Macon streets — brown stone 
structures, two stories in height with base- 
ment, also four-story corner flats. Successful 
in this venture into a new field of business 
activity, Mr. Raymond has since continued 
therein. He erected on Macon street, near 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



331 



Howard, five private houses, each with ac- 
commodations for two families, and afterward 
four more of the same character on the same 
street. Four houses near Howard street are 
also monuments to his business enterprise,- and 
he further continued his building operation by 
the erection, on Fifty-seventh street, South 
Brooklyn, below Third avenue, oi a large 
frame building. Erecting five houses on Six- 
tieth street, and two rows of five each on Six- 
ty-first street, he has thus been actively iden- 
tified with the improvement of that section of 
the city, and it is now a populous residence 
district owing to the provision made, largely 
through the efforts of Mr. Raymond, of pro- 
viding comfortable homes in that locality. 
Transferring the field of his activity to Park 
Place, near Kingston avenue, he erected five 
and later four houses. About the same time 
he built five two family brownstone houses, 
two story and basement, on Dean street near 
Kingston avenue, and in 1892 began building 
on the boulevard, erecting five each on Park 
Ridge, seven on New York avenue and East- 
ern Parkway and others. In his building 
operations he has made a specialty of two 
family houses, two story and basement, of the 
better class, selling from nine thousand dol- 
lars upward. He has always labored for im- 
provement in all of his building operations 
and in his career has kept abreast with the 
spirit of progress so characteristic of the age. 
Giving careful study to the points of archi- 
tectural beauty, he has also given much 
thought to practical convenience and to in- 
terior adornment, and attractive modern 
houses have resulted, adding to the desirabil- 
ity of the sections where he has operated as 
places of residence, and also being a direct 



factor in the general advancement of property 
valuations there. He is now, in the spring 
of 1905, erecting six large houses on the north 
side of Eastern Parkway, between Nostrand 
and New York avenues, which when com- 
pleted will be, on account of construction and 
location, as handsome and desirable as any 
residences in Brooklyn. 

Mr. Raymond was married to Miss Anna E. 
Wichmann, a native of Brooklyn, and they 
have five children : Rosalie, Etta, May, Rus- 
sell and Fred. Their home is at No. 607 East- 
ern Parkway and they are members of 
the Embury Memorial (Methodist Episcopal) 
church, of Brooklyn. Mr. Raymond is a mem- 
ber of the Royal Arcanum, and has been a 
Mason since 1897, belonging to Long Island 
Lodge No. 382. He is an advocate of Re- 
publican principles and keeps well informed 
on the questions of the day, but is not an 
aspirant for office. He belongs to the Master 
Builders' Association, and while feeling an in- 
terest in comnumity afi^^airs and in questions 
affecting the general welfare, his attention fo- 
cuses upon business conditions. Every step 
in his career has been thoughtfully made, and 
although celerity of mental action has resulted 
in business despatch, his judgment is rarely 
at fault in determining upon a building pro- 
ject and has thus led to wise and profitable in- 
vestment. 



JERRE J. GILLIGAN. 

Jerre J. Gilligan, whose practical knowledge 
of and broad experience in connection with 
the builder's art makes him particularly well 
qualified for speculative building, has through- 
out his entire business career been connected 



332 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



either with active building operations or with 
the construction of houses as a means of in- 
vestment. 

He was born in New York, February 20, 
1856, began his education in the eighth ward 
pubHc school, afterward attended school No. 
15, on Third avenue and State streets, and 
subsequently the Brooklyn Institute. Soon af- 
ter leaving the s.choolroom he became asso- 
ciated in business with an uncle, now de- 
ceased, who was one of the best known build- 
ers in Brooklyn in his day. Mr. Gilligan is 
a carpenter by trade, served a regular appren- 
ticeship under his uncle, and advanced in his 
employ as his knowledge of construction and 
practical skill gave reason for business pro- 
motion. He eventually became superintendent 
and draftsman, acting in these capacities for 
his uncle for a number of years. He also 
became familiar with speculative building in 
connection with his uncle, and they carried on 
extensive important operations on the slope and 
South Brooklyn and west of Atlantic avenue. 
The uncle erected as many buildings as any 
man in the city in his day, including a large 
number of private residences and some corner 
apartment buildings. He built many on Ber- 
gen street and between Wood and Hoyt 
streets, on Fourth and Fifth avenues. He also 
erected twenty-five on Park Place, between 
Fifth and Seventh avenues, and among his 
more recent work was the erection of four 
on First avenue, west of Eighth avenue. He 
had the old Prospect Hotel removed, it be- 
ing moved by Mr. Miller, the grandfather of 
the well known Mr. Miller, who is now en- 
gaged in such work in Brooklyn. He died 
in the year, 1892, after a residence in Brook- 
lyn covering forty years. He was in the city 



when the water-works system was installed, 
and was active in community interests, con- 
tributing in large measure to advancement and 
upbuilding along lines that were of marked 
benefit to the general public. 

Jerre J. Gilligan, entering his uncle's em- 
ploy, continued with him until 1889, since 
which time he has been closely identified with 
the improvement of the city through contract- 
ing and building, including speculative build- 
ing. He has erected apartments and residences 
on Eighth avenue. First and Garfield, and he 
built on Garfield Place, on Eighth avenue. Sec- 
ond street and Park Place. He built a four- 
story double apartment house on Carroll 
street, and on Vandeveer avenue, between 
Park and Prospect, he built a two-story build- 
ing and store. This is his last work. He also 
built on Park Place between Carlton and Van- 
derbilt, the fine apartment building and on 
Adelphi and State streets apartments and 
houses. Some of the buildings which he has 
erected are numbered among the fine resi- 
dences on the hill. On Fifth street, west of 
Eighth avenue, he is erecting five houses, thir- 
ty-six by eighty-three feet, which will be 
among the best in the city. Altogether his 
building operations have resulted in the erec- 
tion of two hundred and twenty residences in 
Brooklyn, including substantial buildings of 
'the middle class and many of the best struct- 
ures of the borough. 

Mr. Gilligan belongs to the Builders' Asso- 
ciation, and is constantly on the alert to note 
the indications pointing to success in the field 
of his chosen endeavor. He is thoroughly con- 
versant with business' conditions having direct 
or indirect bearing upon building operations ; 
has had the prescience to discern what the fu- 





^t/^^. 




^(X^ipCtf^n^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



335 



ture held in store for certain districts of tlie 
city ; and through his keen foresight has made 
investments that have proved of marked value 
in promoting his individual prosperity. His 
political views accord with the principles of 
Democracy, and he is a membef of the As- 
sembly District Association. He belongs to 
the Bachelors and Benedicts' Club, of which 
he v/as one of the organizers. Hunting, bowl- 
ing and fishing and various outdoor sports af- 
ford him his chief source of recreation and 
pleasure, and his skill with the rod and gun 
have frequently been demonstrated. 

Mr. Giliigan is married, and has seven chil- 
dren : Harry C, Elizabeth M., Agnes E., 
Genevieve, Mildred, Paul and Catherine. The 
family hom.e is at No. 741 Carroll street. 



WILLIAM M. CALDER. 

William Musgrave Calder, president of the 
Building Association of Brooklyn, enjoys pe- 
culiar distinction as a prime factor in the mam- 
moth operations of the past twenty years, a 
period marked by an entire revolution, princi- 
pal features of which are the modern apart- 
ment house, which is at once a real utility 
and ornament to the borough ; and the neces- 
sary methods to regulations for its proper san- 
itation. He entered upon his varied duties 
with admirable equipment. He was a practical 
carpenter and builder to begin with, and his 
abilities found high recognition in his appoint- 
ment by Borough President Swanstrom to the 
position of building commissioner. His office 
clothed him with power sufficient to command 
important building reforms, while at the same 
time it is said of him that under his rule the 
building industries of the borough made 

17 



greater progress, in extent and character, than 
during any other similar period in its history. 

Mr. Calder was "to the manner born," go- 
ing to his trade in extreme youth, and under 
the capable mastership of his father, Alexan- 
der Grant Calder. The father was born in New 
York city, July 8, 1841, and came to Brook- 
lyn with his parents when he was four years 
old. He learned the trade of carpenter with 
Donald McDonald, at that time one of the 
leading builders m the city of New York. He 
became a contractor and builder, and followed 
the twofold occupation for many years. Yet 
later he engaged in speculative building, car- 
rying out his projects with such industry that 
he is credited with the erection of nearly a 
thousand buildings. In 1898 he declined 
further efforts, and since that time has lived 
in a pleasant semi-retirement, at 420 Eighth 
street, Brooklyn, concerning himself only in 
the care of his invested interests. 

William Musgrave Calder was born in 
Brooklyn, on March 3, 1869. Pie attended the 
public schools, and when fifteen years old be- 
gan his apprenticeship under his father, with 
whom he became partner after the expiration 
of his term and his coming of age. The two, 
father and son, were thus associated in a spec- 
ulative building business, their operations ex- 
lending throughout the eighth, ninth and 
twenty-second wards, and largely on the Park 
Slope. The partnership terminated with the 
retirement of the senior Calder, and William 
M. Calder thenceforv/ard continued the busi- 
ness upon his own account. Among the many 
apartment and flat-houses of his building are 
included the block on Thirteenth street be- 
tween Eighth and Ninth avenues ; the block of 
flats on Eighth avenue, between Twelfth and 



336 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Thirteenth streets ; the southeast corner of 
Seventh street and Seventh avenue ; the south- 
east corner of Ninth avenue and Seventh 
street ; and the southwest corner of Fifth 
street and Seventh avenue. He also built 
a block of ten .new-law tenement houses 
on Lincoln and Berkeley Place, east of Fifth 
avenue, and a new apartment house at Four- 
teenth street near Ninth avenue. These and 
many others are among the principal orna- 
ments in their respective neighborhoods, pleas- 
ing to the eye, and constructed with consci- 
entious regard for real utility and comfort and 
health of their inmates. In all these large con- 
cerns Mr. Calder has not only been a large 
contributor to the wealth of the borough 
through the erection of much valuable proper- 
ty, but he has brought great benefits to the 
community in providing homes for a multi- 
tude of worthy families of the best middle 
classes, and in furnishing employment to hun- 
dreds of workmen. 

Aside from his personal concerns, Mr. Cal- 
der has afforded public service far reaching 
and of enduring value. As has been stated, 
his ability as a builder and his high regard for 
the public health and convenience, as evi- 
denced in his construction work, led to his ap- 
pointment in 1 90 1 by Borough President 
Swanstrom as building commissioner. At the 
time of his installation in that position condi- 
tions in Brooklyn with reference to house 
construction were unsatisfactory and detri- 
mental to every interest, public and private. 
A largely increased population was to be pro- 
vided for and immediately. But there was a 
serious obstacle in the new tenement house 
law which was enacted with a view to condi- 
tions in Manhattan, and which in its opera- 



tions was seriously repressive as to the bor- 
ough of Brooklyn, making an almost absolute 
stoppage of tenement and apartment house 
building, and denying admission to thousands 
of people of the most desirable classes who 
were homeseekers at its gates. Such was the 
condition of affairs which Mr. Calder was 
called to encounter. He applied himself with 
intelligence and vigor to the remedying of the 
evil, and succeeded in procuring an amend- 
atory enactment permitting the erection of the 
four-story flat, a type of building popular in 
Brooklyn, and better answering the desired 
purpose than any other form. The effect was 
most salutary. The borough at once began to 
build up, and it is estimated that in the time 
which has elapsed between then and the pres- 
ent, more than four times the number of build- 
ings have been erected than in any like period. 
The advantages grov/ing out of Mr. Calder's 
well-considered action were many and far- 
reaching. Real estate in all parts of the bor- 
ough rapidly advanced in value, unsightly 
vacancies were occupied by attractive edifices, 
and an increase in population of a hundred 
thousand has been provided for. While build- 
ing commissioner, Mr. Calder also procured 
legislation providing for improved sanitary 
conditions — the installation of effective plumb- 
ing, by means of an adequate valve-system, 
and a stringent inspection of all pipes in dwell- 
ings, sewer and gas, and their fixtures. All 
these beneficial innovations, the result of Mr. 
Calder's effort, have been retained and are 
now in force. 

The work accomplished by Mr. Calder met 
with cordial and general appreciation. It was 
generously comm.ended in the public press, 
and at the time of his retirement from office 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



337 



the builders and real estate dealers of the bor- 
ough presented to him engrossed resolutions 
expressive of their sense of the value of the 
services. In December, 1903, he was elected 
to the presidency of the Building Association 
of Brooklyn. The Vv^orth of such a tribute is 
to be discerned in the fact that the Associa- 
tion membership comprises about one hun- 
dred of the leading speculative builders, whose 
annual building business aggregates the im- 
mense sums of fifteen million dollars. 

Mr. Calder is also a director in the Fifth 
Avenue Co-operative Builders' Association; 
a member of the Manufacturers' Association 
of New York; and a director in the South 
Brooklyn Board of Trade. 

Mr. Calder is a staunch Republican, and 
wields a potent influence in the councils of his 
party. He is a trustee of the Twelfth Assem- 
bly District Republican Club; for seven years 
past has been a member of the Republican 
county central committee ; and is president of 
the famous Logan Club. In 1904 he received 
from his party the congressional nomination 
for the sixth congressional district and was 
elected by a majority of 2,700 over Robert 
Baker, the incumbent representative. The 
district is nominally Democratic, and has 
never before given such a Republican victory. 

Mr. Calder's personal popularity is dis- 
cernible in the fact that he holds membership 
in as many as twenty-four different organi- 
zations, including the Montauk Club and the 
Crescent Club. In Masonry he is affiliated 
with Greenwood Lodge, in which he is a past 
master, and he has attained to the commandery 
degrees. He is also a member of the Royal 
Arcanum and the order of Heptasophs. He is 
a trustee in the Twelfth Street Reformed 



Church and a director of the Prospect branch 
of the Y. M. C. A. 

Mr. Calder married' Miss Catherine Har- 
loe, a daughter of William Harloe, former 
mayor of Poughkeepsie, New' York. Two 
children have been born of this marriage : 
Elsie Frances, aged nine years, and William 
M., aged four years. The family occupy a 
handsome lioine at 551 First street, Brooklyn. 



JAMES DAWE. 

James Dawe, a successful speculative build- 
er and contractor, also an extensive real estate 
dealer, whose office is located on New Utrecht 
avenue, is a self-made and self-educated man, 
and his business career has been one of marked 
enterprise, wherein his reliable methods have 
contributed in large measure to his prosperity. 
His operations are conducted principally in 
Borough Park and Blythbourne, two of the 
finest residential suburbs of the city, the 
growth of which within the past few years has 
indeed been marvelous, and being an architect 
of note he also draws the plans for his own 
buildings and many others. 

James Dawe is a native of England. He 
was reared, educated and learned his trade of 
carpenter in that country, worked for a num- 
ber of years as a journeyman in the city of 
Plymouth, and in 1887 emigrated to the 
United States, locating in Brooklyn, New 
York, where he has since resided. He se- 
cured employment at his trade in Brooklyn, 
New York city, and on government work, and 
during this time attended Pratt Institute, 
where he studied architectural drawing, thus 
becoming competent tO' make the plans for his 
building operations. He also attended night 



338 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



school, thereby becommg proficient m other 
branches of study, and this assisted him great- 
ly in his future career. His first building- 
operations were in the Bay Ridge section of 
the borough of Brooklyn — three houses on 
Seventy-seventh street, between Third and 
Fourth avenues. Later he erected houses on 
Seventy-third street, between Second and 
Third avenues, and then in partnership with 
two builders and contractors completed twelve 
two-story and basement houses on Fifty-sev- 
enth street, between First and Second ave- 
nues, suitable for two families each. He 
erected by contract two houses on Fifty-fifth 
street, between Thirteenth and Fourteenth ave- 
nues, a private house on Eighteenth street, be- 
tween Avenues C and D, Flatbush, and houses 
on Throop avenue and Halsey street, Brook- 
lyn, besides several others. He erected a first- 
class private frame residence — on One Hun- 
dredth street and Fort Hamilton avenue, also 
one on the Boulevard and Avenue T, and six 
or seven houses on Jersey Heights. He then 
built on speculation, and later sold houses on 
Fifty-fifth street and Fourteenth avenue, pri- 
vate residences, four on Fifty-seventh street 
and Twelfth avenue, private residences ; three 
on Forty-fifth street, near Twelfth avenue; 
four on Forty-fourth street, near Twelfth 
avenue ; one on Forty-second street, between 
Twelfth and Fort Hamilton avenues; three 
on Twelfth avenue, between Forty-third and 
Forty-fifth streets ; and on Forty-seventh 
street, near Twelfth avenue. At the present 
time (1905) he is erecting a two-family house 
on Forty-second street, near Twelfth avenue. 
Mr. Dawe personally superintends all the 
details of his building and contracting opera- 
tions, which are among the most extensive in 



his section of the borough, and in addition to 
this he devotes considerable time and atten- 
tion to real estate transactions, from which he 
derives a goodly incoriie, not only buying and 
selling on his own account but also for a large 
number of customers, who rely implicitly on 
his judgment in these matters. The houses 
he has erected are noted for their architectural 
beauty, and add greatly to the attractiveness 
of the locality. Mr. Dawe is a member of 
the Builders' Association of Brooklyn, and is 
a charter member of the Royal Arcanum. 

Mr. Dawe married Miss Alice L. Isaacs, a 
native of Brooklyn, New York, and their chil- 
dren are Lyle and Evelyn Dawe. Mr. Dawe 
and his family are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church of Borough Park. Their 
residence is located on Forty-first street, nea'^ 
New Utrecht avenue. Borough Park. 



JOHN T. ALLAN. 

John T. Allan, a speculative builder, resid- 
ing at No. 23 Fort Green Place, Brooklyn, 
who for the past fifteen years, or since 1890, 
has been actively and prominently identified 
with the building interests of the borough, is 
a native of Brantford, Canada. 

After completing a common school educa- 
tion in his native land he learned the trade 
of carpenter and the profession of an architect, 
which he followed with a fair degree of suc- 
cess for a number of years in his native city. 
He then located in Boston, Massachusetts, 
and three years later, in, 1884, came to New 
York city and was appointed superintendent 
of a mill there. He then came to Brooklyn, 
New York, and filled a similar position in the 
International Tile and Trimming Company's 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



339 



plant, remaining three years. At the expira- 
tion of this period of time he engaged in busi- 
ness for himself, choosing the line of work- 
followed by his father, that of carpentering 
and building. He began his operations in East 
New York, en Arlington avenue, between El- 
ton and Linwood streets, where he built two 
private houses. He then built five three-story 
flats on Fifth street, between Fourth and Fifth 
avenues, of brick and stone; fifteen private 
houses of a good class on Fourth street, be- 
tween Seventh and Eighth avenues ; three pri- 
vate houses on Third street, between Eighth 
and Ninth avenues; four private houses on 
Carroll street, between Eighth and Ninth av- 
enues; nine flats, suitable for three families 
each, on Bedford avenue and Hughes street ; 
four flats, suitable for six families each, on 
Lee avenue, near Hooper street; seven double 
flats on Classon avenue, near Bergen street; 
several houses on Dean street, near Kings- 
ton avenue; the flat house on the corner of 
Orange and Hicks streets; six private houses 
on Fourth street, near Eighth avenue; nine- 
teen houses on Seventh street, near Eighth 
avenue ; the HefHey School, on Ryerson street 
and De Kalb avenue. He also remodeled a 
large number of the old houses on Montague 
street, and erected a great number not herein 
mentioned. In the borough of Manhattan he 
erected a large stable on Ninety-sixth street, 
west of Columbus avenue; a large private 
house near Eighth avenue; an office building 
on Duane street, near Broadway; and a hotel 
on Forty-seventh street, between Sixth avenue 
and Broadway. He is a member of the Build- 
ers' Association of Brooklyn, and of St. John's 
Lodge, Knights of Malta. 

Prior to leaving his native land Mr. Al- 



lan was married. He has one son, Jackson, 
who is now employed in the Borough Bank. 



ANDREW OLSEN. 

Andrew Olsen, whose building operations 
have been conducted principally in the suburb- 
an sections of the borough of Brooklyn,namely : 
Borough Park, Bensonhurst, Vanderveer Park, 
Jamaica and Richmond Hill, and who em- 
ploys on an average about thirty-five hands, 
all experienced and expert mechanics, is a 
native of Norway, in which country he re- 
sided until 1880, attending the schools there- 
of, when the attractions of the new world 
induced him to emigrate thither. He located 
in Brooklyn, New York, where he completed 
his education in the public schools, and in 
1887 moved to Borough Park, where he has 
since resided, having been one of the early 
settlers of that section. 

He served an apprenticeship at the trade ' 
of carpenter in New York city and Brooklyn, 
was employed for about ten years as a journey- 
man, and began operations on his own account 
by erecting a residence for himself and fam- 
ily on Fifty-seventh street, near Sixteenth ave- 
nue, which he later disposed of. He then built 
a house for Mr. Frank Slocum in Benson- 
hurst, and during the following three years 
built twenty houses, six the first year, eight 
the second, and six the third. He built four 
houses on Dyker Heights, one of which is 
the home of Captain Bedell, and also built all 
the houses in Borough Park on the north side 
of Fifty-fifth street, between Fifteenth and 
Sixteenth avenues. He built two houses on 
Fifty-fourth street, between Fourteenth and 
Fifteenth avenues, the Borough Park Presby- 



340 



HISTORY OP LONG ISLAND. 



terian church, and is now building the Third 
Church of Christ on the corner of East Fif- 
teenth street and Dorchester road. He built 
cottages on the corner of Eightieth street and 
Twenty-third avenue; on Eightieth street, 
near Eighteenth avenue; on Avenue R and 
East Thirteenth street ; and on Neptune ave- 
nue, between East Fifth and Sixth streets. 
He built a house on East Twenty-ninth street, 
near Avenue F, Vanderveer Park; four be- 
tween Poplar street and the Boulevard ; one 
on East B street, between Avenues E and D ; 
five in Jamaica in the winter of 1893 for the 
Franklyn Society; a store and flat house, suit- 
able for three families, on the corner of Fifty- 
fifth street 'and Sixteenth avenue; two on 
Fifty-seventh street, between Fifteenth and 
Sixteenth avenues, and is now building three 
in Richmond Hill on Wine street, near Cen- 
tral avenue. He has also performed con- 
siderable work on Ridgeview avenue. White 
Plains. The workmanship on his houses is 
of the best, and their neat and attractive ap- 
pearance greatly enhances the value of the 
property thereabouts. Mr. Olsen is independ- 
ent in politics, casting his vote for the man 
who in his opinion is best qualified for office. 



ALEXANDER GRANT CALDER. . 

Alexander Grant Calder, one of the oldest 
contractors and builders in Brooklyn, is num- 
bered among the most enterprising and largest 
operators in the development of the modern 
city, his busy activities having extended over 
the long period of nearly forty years, during 
which time he has been the principal builder in 
various of the most desi'rable and now beautiful 
residential districts. Capable in every depart- 



ment of his work, and scrupulously conscien- 
tious, the monuments to his skill and foresight 
are discernible in hundreds of sightly struc- 
tures. Indeed, it is said on excellent authority 
that he has built as many as a thousand homes. 
He was a pioneer in the development of the 
now splendid Park Slope neighborhood, be- 
ginning in a day when what is now a thickly 
built up avenue was a country road, the slope 
lying in fields under cultivation, dotted with a 
few old-fashioned farm houses. 

Mr. Calder was born in the city of New 
York, July 8, 1841. His father, Isaac Calder, 
was a native of Scotland, who came to New 
York in 1833. The father was a builder, and 
erected many structures under contract in both 
New York and Brooklyn. These included 
houses on Seventeenth street near Eighth ave- 
nue, and on Thirty-ninth street between Ninth 
and Tenth, avenues, most of which have since 
been replaced by modern edifices. He died 
about 1853, leaving an excellent reputation for 
ability and integrity, but no means to his fam- 
ily, on account of business reverses. 

Alexander G. Calder was a lad of eleven 
years when his father died. He had acquired 
the foundations of an English education, but 
at the age of twelve years, being the eldest of 
five children, was obliged to leave school and 
aid in the support of the family. For three 
years he was employed in the shipyards of 
Captain Tucker, at Red Hook Point, and dur- 
ing this time learned the trade of ship carpen- 
ter, meanwhile and for several months all 
alone, serving as watchman on board a vessel 
lying in the basin, in order to protect the in- 
surance thereon — a weighty responsibility for 
a boy not yet in his teens. Discerning the fact 
that advancement in the calling of a ship car- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



343 



penter would be but slow, he apprenticed him- 
self to Donald McDonald, a most capable 
house carpenter, and then one of the leading 
builders in New York city. His mother and 
her children were then living in Sixteenth 
street, Brooklyn, and this necessitated his 
boarding in New York, but he habitually spent 
his Sundays at home. His means were ex- 
tremely limited and he was obliged to practice 
the closest economy. When he left the ship- 
yard he was getting five dollars a week, but 
his apprentice wage was only three dollars. 
He managed, however, as his earnings became 
a little more, to save a small sum, with which 
he rented a shop in Brooklyn, in Fourteenth 
street, near Fifth avenue, and engaged in 
work on his own account. Industry and 
economy were rewarded with a constantly in- 
creasing trade, and after some years he built 
a shop of his own on Thirteenth street, be- 
tween Fifth and Sixth avenues, which he oc- 
cupied from 1867 to 1897. During this time 
he brought up as many as twenty-five appren- 
tices, some of whom or their sons are yet in 
his employ, while others have long ago en- 
gaged in business for themselves. 

In 1867 Mr. Calder, while still carrying on 
general contract building, purchased a num- 
ber of lots and engaged in speculative build- 
ing. In that year he erected twelve houses 
on Thirteenth street, between Sixth and 
Seventh avenues — some of brick, two stories, 
with basement, and some frame, three stories 
and basement, all one family houses. In 1868 
he built six two-story brick buildings, with 
basement, on Thirteenth street, between 
Fourth and Fifth avenues ; six on Twelfth 
street, between Sixth and Seventh avenues ; 
six three-story flats on Fourteenth street, be- 



tween Fourth and Fifth avenues. He subse- 
quently began the erection of a more preten- 
tious class of buildings — on Fifth avenue and 
St. John Place, five four-story store buildings 
and flats, brick and brown stone fronts ; on 
Seventh street, between Seventh and Eighth 
avenues, ten three-story flats, brown stone 
fronts ; on Seventh avenue, between Seventh 
and Eighth streets, five four-story stores and 
flats; on Tenth street and Fourth avenue, 
eight three-story flats and one corner store 
building; on Ninth street and Seventh avenue, 
four four-story stores and flats; on Seven- 
teenth street and Fourth avenue, five three- 
story flats, and on the corner a four-story 
building, the lower floor for store purposes ; 
on Twelfth street, between Fourth and Fifth 
avenues, thirteen three-story brick flats; on 
Eleventh street and Fourth avenue, six three- 
story flats, with one large corner store; on 
Seventh avenue, between Twelfth and Thir- 
teenth streets, four four-story brick stores and 
flats ; at Fifth avenue and Twenty-third street, 
five four-story flats. On Thirteenth street, 
between Eighth and Ninth avenues, he built 
forty-five houses with brown stone fronts, 
taking in both sides of the street. Other locali- 
ties which he builded upon were, in part, as 
follows : On Ninth street, between Fourth 
arid Fifth avenues, four four-story flats ; on 
Eighth street, between Fourth and Fifth ave- 
nues, three four-story flats, and on Twelfth 
street, between Eighth and Ninth avenues, 
nine four-story apartment houses. One of his 
largest undertakings at one time was the 
building on Eighth street, between Seventh 
and Eighth avenues, of ten brown stone three- 
story residence buildings, of thorough and 
beautiful construction, and one of which is 



344 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



his residence. On Third avenue, between 
Forty-eighth and Fifty-sixth streets, he built 
twenty-one store buildings and apartment 
houses, and many others in different localities 
in the city. In the later years of his career, as 
a speculative builder, he had the assistance of 
his sons, Hon. William M. Cakler and Alex- 
ander G. Calder, Jr., both of whom are sub- 
jects of mention elsewhere in this work. 

In i902-'Mr. Calder retired from the build- 
ing trade, after having made a most useful 
and honorable record, and with wide recogni- 
tion of the great part he had accomplished in 
the upbuilding of the modern city of Brook- 
lyn. Retirement, however, was unattended by 
idleness, which were entirely foreign to his 
energetic spirit and industrious life, and he 
has since given his attention to the various 
large interests with which he had become 
identified while pursuing the calling which 
had been his principal object. For ten years 
past he has been a director in the Fifth Ave- 
nue Bank. He has been the vice-president of 
the Greater New York Savings Bank for some 
years. He aided in the organization of the 
South Brooklyn Board of Trade, of which he 
was the first president, and he has long been 
a member of the Master Builders' Association 
of Brooklyn. He is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity, affiliated with Greenwood Lodge 
since 1867, and in which he is a past master. 
He was originally a Republican in politics, and 
served as a member of the Republican county 
central committee. He associated himself with 
the Democratic party in 1876, but in recent 
years has not held himself as committed to 
any particular party, and has cast his ballot 
and exerted his influence independently. He 
and his family attend the Twelfth Street Re- 



formed church. Throughout his life he has 
maintained an unsullied reputation, and is 
held in well deserved regard by all with whom 
he has at any time been associated, whether 
in business or in social relations. 



CHRISTIAN BRANDLEIN. 

Qiristian Brandlein, a speculative builder, 
whose business career has been one of marked 
enterprise, wherein his reliable methods have 
contributed in a large measure to his prosper- 
ity, is a man of keen discrimination, sound 
judgment and executive ability. He was born 
in Germany, and acquired an excellent edu- 
cation in the schools of his native land, after 
which he served an apprenticeship at the trade 
of carpenter, becoming a thorough and ex- 
pert mechanic in wood work and able tO' build 
anything made of wood. The first few years 
of his active career were spent in the man- 
ufactory of Mr. Howlet, the well known maker 
of musical instruments. Later he took up 
the carpenter trade, engaging shortly after- 
ward in contracting, building over fifty houses 
by contract, but since 1,903 has engaged al- 
most entirely in speculative building, erecting 
many houses which average in price about 
$5,500. His place of business is located at 
No. 241 Onderdonk avenue, Brooklyn, where 
he receives orders for contracting, carpenter- 
ing, building and all kinds of repairing. His 
work is performed in a thoroughly reliable 
manner, only the best of materials are used 
in the construction of houses, and therefore 
his high reputation as a builder is well merited. 
He is a member of the Concordia Club, of 
which he was president many years, and the 
founder of the Williamsburg Saengerbund. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



M5 



Prior to his coming to the United States, he 
served in the German army. 

Mr. Brandlein is married and has a family 
of five children, four sons and one daughter. 



GUSTAVE PETTERSEN. 

Gustave Pettersen, a practical man of busi- 
ness and a thorough and expert mechanic, 
who had followed contracting for a number 
of years, and whose operations in a specula- 
tive way have extended over a period of three 
years from 1902 to 1905, was born in Sweden, 
August 2, 1867. He was reared and educated 
there, and at the early age of ten years turned 
his attention to a seafaring life, which he fol- 
lowed for a period of ten years, during which 
time he visited many foreign countries. He 
finally settled in Brooklyn, New York, in 
1885, which he thought was an excellent city 
in which to gain a footing in the world. 

He worked at his trade of carpenter in 
Brooklyn until 1889, in which year he began 
contracting on his own account, building in 
Sheepshead Bay, and performing a large 
amount of alteration work in the city proper. 
His first operation in a speculative way was a 
cottage of the Queen Anne style on East Thir- 
teenth street and Avenue D, and since then 
he has erected seven simila.r cottages, the in- 
terior finish and improvements being of the 
very best, which average about $8,200, and are 
among the finest in that section of the city. 
He is building, on contract a house for Mr. 
Hodges at the corner of East Nineteenth street 
and Ditmas avenue ; a tennis court on East 
Nineteenth street for Mr. Frank H. Quimby, 
an architect; two on East Fifteenth street, 
near Avenue D, one for Ella A. Warner and 



one for Mr. Bond, and one on East Thirteenth 
street and Avenue C for Mr. Ottens. He has 
also built fourteen of the best houses in the 
Flatbush and Ditmas Park section of the bor- 
ough. Mr. Pettersen is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, a trustee of the 
same, and takes an active interest in all re- 
ligious work. He is a Republican in politics. 
Mr. Pettersen married Miss Theodora Ton- 
nesen, who bore him four children. The fam- 
ily residence is at No. 312 Union street, Brook- 
lyn. 



JERE D. MAHEGIN. 

Jere D. Mahegin, builder and jobber, whose 
place of business is located at 336 Broadway, 
Brooklyn, New York, is a representative of 
the class of men who win and retain an en- 
viable reputation among builders and their nu- 
merous patrons, as well as the public in gener- 
al, by conscientious and painstaking labor and 
reliable and conscientious transactions. He is 
a son of James and Mary (Burke) Mahegin, 
who were residents of Brooklyn for the long 
period of thirty-two years. 

After completing a common school educa- 
tion, Jere D. Mahegin secured employment 
with James E. Baker, with whom he remained 
in the capacity of overseer for several years, , 
after which he entered into partnership with 
him, this connection continuing for two years. 
He then purchased his partner's interest, this 
being in the year 1900, and since then has 
conducted a successful business at the old 
place, where the same line of work has been 
carried on for many years. He has a force 
of from ten to twenty men, whom he employs 
according to the work on hand, and being a 



346 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



practical carpenter himself is fully qualified 
to superintend the work. During his twenty 
years connection with this business, he has 
amassed a handsome coriipetence as the re- 
sult of well directed effort. 



WILLIAM MASKE. 

William Maske, who has been identified 
with the building interests of Brooklyn for a 
quarter of a century, and who has been large- 
ly instrumental in the development of various 
sections of the borough of Brooklyn, particu- 
larly in the Eastern District, was born in Prus- 
sia, Germany, January 27, 1837. 

He acquired a practical education in the 
schools of his native land, and as was the cus- 
tom in his country he made a master piece 
which passed examination, and this entitled 
him to enter the Building Academy of Berlin, 
where he took up his studies and became a 
highly proficient architect and builder. Dur- 
ing young manhood he came to the United 
States, locating in Brooklyn, New York, and 
for several years thereafter worked at his pro- 
fession both in Brooklyn and New York city. 
In due course of time he engaged in a build- 
ing and contracting business on his own ac- 
count, and since then his career has been most 
successful, his large patronage bearing wit- 
ness to his ability and skill in his particular 
kind of work. He began his operations in 
the Williamsburg district and built extensively 
on Broadway and Flushing avenue, erecting 
business houses as well as private residences. 
He erected two two-family brick houses with 
stores on Hamburg avenue and Grattan street ; 
thirty-two family houses on St. Nicholas ave- 
nue, with stores and flats above them on the 



corners; and in 1904 nine houses with stores 
and flats above on Nostrand avenue and St. 
John's Place. The houses are of brick, mod- 
ern in all their appointments, the materials used 
in their construction being the best procur- 
able, and in every respect they compare fa- 
vorably with houses of first-class workman- 
ship. Mr. Maske has also built several 
churches, among them being All Saints', on 
Seventh street and Seventh avenue, and a 
number of factories. Mr. Maske gives con- 
stant employment to a large force of men on 
contract work, all of which receives his per- 
sonal supervision. He is reliable and con- 
scientious in his business transactions, and 
thus well merits the success he has attained. 
He is a member of the Master Masons' Asso- 
ciation of New York. His political views co- 
incide with those of the Republican party, and 
he is an active and potent factor in local poli- 
tics. 

Prior to his emigration to the United States, 
Mr. Maske was married to Gisella Koronz, 
and they are the parents of the following 
named children : Margaretta, wife of Otto 
Singer ; Theodore, a mason builder of Brook- 
lyn; Albert, who was a graduate of the Poly- 
technic in jgo2, and is engaged in business 
with his father; Grace C, and Adeline G. 
Maske. The family reside at No. 16 Palmetto 
street, Brooklyn. 

NICHOLAS BONNLANDER. 

Nicholas Bonnlander, a speculative builder, 
with office at 898 Broadway, Brooklyn, is a 
man of excellent ability, keen discrimination 
and sound judgment, and therefore well quali- 
fied to enter upon active and responsible busi- 







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HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



349 



ness duties. He was born in Bavaria, Ger- 
many, November 4, 1856, and was diere edu- 
cated and learned the trade of mason. In 1879. 
attracted by the possibiHties ofifered to young 
men in the business world of America, he 
crossed the Atlantic ocean and at once took 
up his residence in Brooklyn, New York. His 
first employment was in a sugar refinery, 
' where he remained for two and a half years. 
He afterward learned the trade of a clothing 
cutter, which he followed for a number of 
years. 

In 1895 he began to operate in the real 
estate business, and from that entered the 
field as a speculative builder, operating in the 
section east of Broadway, Brooklyn, and has 
been a potent factor in the growth and de- 
velopment of that locality. In 1900 he built 
on the north side of DeKalb avenue, between 
Knickerbocker and Irving avenues, three dou- 
ble apartments constructed of brick with stone 
trimmings. The following year he erected four 
of the same class on the south side of Madi- 
son street, between Central and Hamburg ave- 
nues, and the same year erected two houses 
on the south side of Hart street, between Irv- 
ing and Wyckofl avenues. In 1902 he built 
on the north side of Pulaski street a steam- 
heated three-story flat, brick; in 1903 on the 
west side of Knickerbocker avenue, near Starr 
street, one three-story single flat, brick, suit- 
able for two families and storage; in 1904 on 
the west side of Onderdonk avenue, near Lin- 
den street, known as Ridgewood Heights, in 
Queens county, tv/o two-story frame houses 
suitable for four families. At the same time, 
in the same section he built on the southeast 
corner of Onderdonk and Greene avenues two 
two-story frame houses, one suitable for four 



families and one for three families and store ; 
also on the south side of Greene avenue, eigh- 
ty feet east of Onderdonk avenue, one three- 
story frame house suitable for two families 
and storage. In the same year he built on the 
west side of Onderdonk avenue, corner of 
Ralph street, three three-story apartments con- 
structed of brick, with stone trimmings ; and 
on the north side of DeKalb avenue, corner 
of Irving avenue, eight four-story apartment 
houses, in one the lower part for business pur- 
poses. He will also erect two four-family 
houses on Madison street, near Covert ave- 
nue, and two three- story single flats on Wood- 
bine street, near Covert avenue, frame houses ; 
also three four-story brick houses on the south 
side of Hart street, corner of, Irving avenue. 
Mr. Bonnlander belongs to the Builders' As- 
sociation of Brooklyn, of which organization 
he was a charter member. Although he ad- 
heres tO' the prmciples of Democracy, he has 
frequently cast his vote for the candidates of 
the Republican party whom he thought best 
suited for office. 

In Brooklsn, New York, July 27, 1884, Mr. 
Bonnlander was married to Ernistene B. 
Rohde. Their children are : Vincent C, who 
graduated from Public School No. 74, in 1904 
from the Manual Training High School, and 
in September of that year entered upon a four 
years' course of study in civil engineering at 
the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, 
Newi York. Juliet T., who graduated from 
Public School No. 74, and in the spring of 
1904 from Hefifley College, having taken the 
course in bookkeeping and typewriting. The 
family reside at No. 876 Hart street, Brook- 
lyn. 



350 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



WILLIAM THOMAS BOWEN. 

Among the men who have attained promi- 
nence and gained financial prosperity along 
the line of their chosen calling may be men- 
tioned the name of William T. Bowen, a build- 
er, who was born in Bristol, Rhode Island, 
October 9, 1858, a son of George W. and Julia 
Bowen, natives of Bristol, Rhode Island, but 
for many years residents of Newport, same 
state, where George W. Bowen (father) fol- 
lowed the occupation of builder. They reared 
a family of four children: George S., Will- 
iam Thomas, mentioned hereinafter ; Belle, 
who became the wife of Walter Bahnam, and 
they reside in Yonkers, New York ; Sarah, 
who is acting as housekeeper for her father, 
who is now (1904) a resident of Brooklyn. 

William T. Bowen was reared and educated 
in his native city, learned the trade of car- 
penter, becoming proficient in all of its various 
branches, and in 1882 came to Brooklyn, New 
York, where he engaged in the building busi- 
ness. The following are some of the handi- 
works of Mr. Bowen, who during his busi- 
ness career has gained for himself an en- 
viable reputation among his business asso- 
ciates and the public in general : Twenty 
two-story and cellar frame houses on Ashford 
street; thirty houses on Ridgewood avenue, 
near Crescent, some of which are two-story 
and basement and some two-story and cellar; 
fifteen two-story and cellar houses on Lin- 
coln avenue, between Glenmore and Liberty 
avenues ; and ten two-story and basement 
frame houses on Crescent avenue. 

In 1882 Mr. Bowen married Miss Catherine 
Hefifert, who was born in Brooklyn, New 
York, November 6, 1859. The first two years 



of their married life were spent in Newport, 
Rhode Island, after which they moved to 
Brooklyn, where they now reside. Their chil- 
dren are: Charles, born October 23, 1883, 
now employed in the Eagle Lead Pencil 
Works of Brooklyn; Julia, born May 27, 1886; 
James-, born December 11, 1898; Amanda, 
born February 2, 1896. 



CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS FIRTH. 

Christopher C. Firth, for more than a quar- 
ter of a century actively and prominently iden- 
tified with speculative building operations in 
Brooklyn, New York, is a native of that bor- 
ough. His birth occurred at the residence of 
his parents, Jacob and Martha (Naylor) 
Firth, on Jackson street, now Hudson' avenue, 
Brooklyn, on January i, 1837, the day after 
the arrival of the second voyage across the 
Atlantic of his mother in this country from 
Yorkshire, England, where both she and her 
husband were born, reared and married. Jacob 
Firth (father) emigrated to the United States 
previous to his wife; he settled in Brooklyn, 
New York, and resided there up to the time 
of his decease. Pie was a farmer and dealer 
in cattle. Four of their children are living at 
the present time (1904). 

Christopher C. Firth obtained a common 
school education in Public School No. 10, con- 
ducted in the basement of what was formerly 
known as the North Dutch Reformed Church 
on Third avenue, between Twentieth and 
Twenty-first streets, under Peter Rouget, 
principle, who was still principle when his six 
children graduated from the same school. 
Leaving school he served an apprenticeship of 
five years and four months at the masonry 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



351 



trade with John Van Nostrand, the best build- 
er in the city at that time, and becoming an 
expert mechanic he was able to secure a good 
position as journejanan, continuing^ as such 
for several years. He then became engaged 
in contracting and building, following the 
same for twenty years, and for over twenty- 
five years has been engaged in speculative 
building. He erected a number of houses in 
Bay Ridge and Prospect Heights, and is one 
of the oldest speculative builders in the Park 
Slope section, having built houses on the fol- 
lowing streets : Four on Thirteenth ; eleven 
on Fourteenth ; eleven on Fifteenth ; six on 
Sixteenth ; seven on Forty-first ; six on For- 
ty-second; four on Forty-third; ten on Fifty- 
second ; five on Fifty-fifth ; and three on Fifty- 
seventh. A number of his houses are brown- 
stone and brick with brownstone trimmings, 
and he has disposed of them as soon as they 
were completed. He also erected the first 
house on the celebrated Tliomas Hunt estate. 
In business life success depends so entirely 
upon individual merit that when one has at- 
tained a position of prominence as has Mr. 
Firth, it is an unmistakable evidence of ability, 
natural and acquired. He personally superin- 
tends all the details of his building operations, 
and his reliable and conscientious methods 
have contributed in large measure to his pros- 
perity. 

Mr. Firth is a zealous and consistent mem- 
ber of the Eighteenth Street Methodist Epis- 
copal church, in which he has held the office 
of trustee for a number of years, and liberally 
contributes to the support of the various so- 
cieties connected therewith. He was former- 
ly a member of Company D, Fourteenth Regi- 
ment, National Guard of New York, prior to 



the Civil war, when Colonel Alfred Wood was 
m command. Owing to a combined plea frorp 
his aged mother and the captain of his com- 
pany, he did not go to the front, which was 
very grievous to Mr. Firth. Mr. Firth has 
performed all the varied duties of life in a 
faithful and conscientious manner, and well 
merits the confidence and respect reposed in 
him by all who have the honor of his acquaint- 
ance, either in business or social Hfe. 

On March 24, 1864, Mr. Firth married An- 
na R. Fielding, and the issue of this marriage 
was seven children, as follows : Robert W., 
Walter F., Isabella N., Albert, Oscar W., El- 
mer W., and Carrie, who died in the fifth year 
of her age. Mr. and Mrs. Firth have eight 
grandchildren. 



HALSEY F. WING. 

Halsey F. Wing, a builder, and one of the 
foremost citizens Oif the borough of Brook- 
lyn, New York, is a man well endowed with 
rare business ability, keen discrimination and 
sound judgment, and by strict application to 
business and honorable, reliable methods 
achieved large financial gain.. He is a native 
of Newburg, New York, a son of Benjamin 
L. Wing, who was a brick maker by trade, 
conducting his operations at Newburg, in 
which city his death occurred in the year 1856, 
having been lost in a snowstorm, he being then 
eighty-two years of age. The mother died at 
the age of eighty-four years. Louis Wing, 
grandfather of Halsey F. Wing, served in the 
war of 1812, also his uncle, John Hannon; his 
grandfather died at the age of ninety years. 
Louis Wing, great-grandfather of Halsey F. 
Wing, served in the Revolutionary war, where- 



352 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



in he displayed his patriotism and courage. 

Halsey F. Wing is indebted to the common 
schools of Newburg, Orange county, New 
York, for his educational advantages. Upon 
attaining young manhood he came to Brook- 
lyn, New York, and for the long period of for- 
ty-seven years ■ resided in the Seventh Ward. 
For thirty years he served in the capacity of 
superintendent for the well known firm of 
Long & Barnes, famous builders, during which 
time he had complete charge of the constrtic- 
tion of many important structures, both pub- 
lic and private. He has recently engaged in 
business on his own account, purchasing the • 
interest of his employers, including a well 
equipped shop for making building materials. 
In addition to the extensive and rapidly in- 
creasing patronage afforded him in his line 
of work, he is building a number of houses 
on speculation. 

Mr. Wing married Miss Harriet Scott, 
great-granddaughter of General Winfield S. 
Scott, born at Petersburg, Virginia, of Scot- 
tish ancestr)', 1786. In 1852 General Scott 
was the candidate of the Whig party for the 
presidency, but was defeated ; he died in 1866. 
Four children \iere the issue of this union. 
The family reside in a beautiful and commo- 
dious home at No. 358^ Lafayette avenue, 
Brooklyn, which is equipped with all modern 
improvements for the comfort and .well being 
of its inmates. 



PATRICK J. CARLIN. 

Patrick J. Carlin, who enjoys the distinc- 
tion of having builded or aided in the building 
of a larger number of public and other large 
edifices than any other contracting builder of 



his day in Greater New York, comes of a 
family which for several generations belonged 
to the same useful calling with himself. 

His father, Patrick Carlin, was one of the 
most expert stonecutters and masons who ever 
came to the metropolis. He was born in 
county Derry, Ireland, and learned his trade 
under his father, who was an expert work- 
man. Patrick Carlin filled out his period of 
apprenticeship faithfully, and came to the 
United States in young manhood. His skill 
and thoroughness were soon recognized by his 
employers, and he was called to the position 
of foreman for Thomas Sullivan, who subse- 
quently became president of the Brooklyn City 
Railroad. Mr. Carlin was too progressive and 
enterprising to long act a subordinate part. 
In the course of a few years he engaged in a 
contracting and building business on his own 
account, in which he successfully continued 
throughout the remainder of his active life, re- 
tiring in 1898. Many prominent edifices in 
Brooklyn testify to his ability and conscien- 
tiousness as a builder, among them a number 
of public schools, St. Charles' church, the 
large Planet Mills buildings, the Buchanan & 
Lyle tobacco works, on Carroll street ; the car 
barns for the Brooklyn City Railroad at Third 
avenue and Fifty-eighth street, covering a full 
block of ground, and a large number of ele- 
gant private residences. At whatever stage of 
his career, he was a leader among his work- 
men, and his example spurred them to their 
best effort. He was a thorough mechanic, and 
had the ambidextrous- faculty of using one 
hand as readily as the other. Fie was a man 
of genuine public spirit, taking an active part 
in the advancement of all community interests, 
and was held in respect and confidence in 




^^^-^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



355 



whatever circles he moved. He was a Cath- 
olic in religion, and a member and liberal sup- 
porter of the Catholic Orphans' Asylum So- 
ciety. In politics he was a Democrat, and he 
was an active and trusted ally of General Slo- 
cum in the formation of the Independent 
party. He died in 1902, at the age of seventy- 
six years, having survived his wife, whose 
maiden name was Catherine McDermitt, to 
whom he was wedded in Ireland, and who 
died about 1891. They were the parents of six 
children : Susan, Catherine, Patrick J., John 
C, F. W., and Thomas J. Carlin. 

Patrick J. Carlin was the second child and 
eldest son in the family above named. He was 
born in county Donegal, Ireland, and came to 
this country a babe in his mother's arriis. He 
had little opportunity for education, for he left 
school at the age of eleven to learn the trade of 
bricklayer under his father. His ambition, 
however, would not permit him to content 
himself with the knowledge he had thus far 
obtained, and, after the labor of the day, he 
attended a night school under the instruction 
of Mr. William J. Dainty, who was a most 
capable ^eacher and took a warm personal in- 
terest in him. His apprenticeship lasted the 
old-country period of seven years, and at the 
end of that time he was so thorough a me- 
chanic that he became his father's foreman, 
and, at the age of twenty-one, his partner, and 
this association was maintained until 1876. 
As an incident of these days, Mr. Carlin re- 
calls the fact that his father once (in 1865) 
contracted to build a house on Atlantic ave- 
nue and Grand avenue, a point then so far out- 
sid6 the city that he was obliged to pay extra 
wages to the workmen to induce them to go 
such a distance. 



After the partnership with his father had 
•been dissolved, Mr. Carlin entered into a con- 
tracting business for himself, and during the 
succeeding years was busily employed with 
many of the most important building contracts 
in Brooklyn, among them the Hall of Records, 
the Brooklyn Savings Bank, the Brooklyn Fire 
Headquarters, the New York and New Jer- 
sey Telephone Building, the West Shore Rail- 
road shops, the Boys' High School building, 
and a score more of public school edifices in 
Brooklyn; the church at St. John's place and 
Seventh avenue, and several other churches, 
besides a large number of private residences 
of the best class, such as Guido Pliesner's and 
Charles M. Pratt's, on Clinton avenue. 

In 1894 Mr. Carlin associated with himself 
his brother, J. W. Carlin, and his- cousin, John 
J. Carlin, in the firm of P. J. Carlin & Com- 
pany. The new organization has fully main- 
tained the high reputation which was estab- 
lished by its founders, and is recognized as the 
first of its class in New York. It has built, 
among other large edifices, the Eagle Ware- 
house, and all the telephone stations (in value 
amounting to about a half million dollars), in 
Brooklyn ; the city prison, in New York ; St. 
John's Hospital, in Long Island City; the 
Fahey Watch Case Factory in Sag Harbor; 
the Naval Academy building and sea-wall at 
Annapolis, Maryland ; and is now building the 
new Harlem Hospital, and the Giockner build- 
ing at Fulton and Greenwich streets, and the 
power station for the Rapid Transit Subway, 
in New York ; and the extension to the Will- 
iamsburg Savings Bank and A. I. Namm's 
store, in Brooklyn. 

Besides giving his attention to the manage- 
ment of his large business interests before 



356 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



stated, Mr. Carlin is prominently identified 
with numerous commercial and political bodies, 
to whose purposes he. devotes intelligent in- 
terest. He is a member of the Manufacturers' 
Association ; of the arbitration board of the 
Master Masons' Association of the city of New 
York ; and president of the Employers' League 
of Brooklyn. He is a Catholic in religion, 
and a liberal supporter .of various benevolences 
conducted under the patronage of the church ; 
he is secretary of the board of trustees of St. 
Mary's Hospital ; a member of the Roman 
Catholic Orphans' Society, of the Catholic 
Benevolent Legion, and of the Catholic 
Knights of America. He is also a member of 
the Order of Elks, the Hanover Club, and the 
Juniata Club. A Democrat in politics, he ad- 
heres to the cardinal tenets of his party, and 
opposed the candidacy of Bryan for the presi- 
dency, in the national convention of 1896, in 
which he was a delegate. He was a member 
of the Democratic general committee when 
Andrew D. Baird was a candidate for mayor, 
and gave a hearty support to that gentleman. 
Mr. Carlin was married in Brooklyn, in 
1873, to Miss Catherine Lennon, and of this 
marriage were born seven children : J. P., 
Catherine A., Mary, Harry V., Frederick T., 
Francis J., and Genevieve. Mrs. Carlin died 
in 1892, and Mr. Carlin was married to Miss 
Lillian F. Raynolds, and of this union were 
born five children : Raymond, P. J., Leo, 
Lillian and Charles. The family residence is 
on Clinton avenue, and Mr. Carlin's offices are 
in the Garfield building, Brooklyn. 



CHURCH & GOUGH. 

The name of Church & Gough, speculative 
builders, at 1344 and 1346 Jefferson avenue. 



Brooklyn, whose operations have been con- 
fined to the Twenty-eighth ward of the bor- 
ough of Brooklyn, New York, is synonymous 
with integrity and probity, and by energy, 
perseverance and business tact they have made 
a mark for themselves in trade circles. In 
1885 they erected their first house, double 
fiats, on Wyckoff avenue, near De Kalb ave- 
nue, valued at $6,500. They then built one 
house on Hart street, value $6,500; two 
houses, double fiats, one on Stockholm street 
and one on Center avenue, value $15,000; two 
at Morris Park, value $6,000 each; two on 
Myrtle avenue, value $7,000; one on Ralph 
street and one on Grove street, value $7,000; 
one on Putnam avenue, value $8,000; four on 
Cornelia street, value $36,000, and thirteen 
houses on Ralph street, value $75,000. From 
1902 to 1903 they built four on Central ave-, 
nue, value $45,000; and from 1903 to 1904 
built ten houses on Jefferson avenue, value 
$65,000; and eighteen double tenement houses 
on Putnam avenue, value $168,000. All of 
these houses are of brick, and the greater num- 
ber have been built on speculation. 

Mr. Church was born in Berkshire, Eng- 
land, February 19, 1857. He was reared, edu- 
cated and learned the trade of mason in his 
native land, and at the age of twenty-six years 
emigrated to the United States. He has been 
a resident of Brooklyn for eighteen years, and 
during that period has gained a wide circle of 
business associates and personal friends who 
hold him in high esteem. He is a son of Joseph 
Church, a native and resident of England, 
who followed the occupations of contractor 
and excavator. 

Mr. Church was united in mairiage to 
Hannah Smith, of Berkshire, England, and 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



357 



they are the parents of three children, namely : 
Fred Church, Joseph Church, and Lillian 
Church. 

Mr. Cough was born in Berkshire, England, 
a son of William Cough, a native of Eng- 
land, who followed the occupation of mason. 
After completing a common school education 
he served an apprenticeship at the trade of 
mason, becoming an expert mechanic. At the 
age of twenty-four years he left his native 
land for the new world, and upon his arrival 
here went west, where he remained for some 
time. Returning east, he located in Brooklyn, 
New York, in 1884, and has resided there ever 
since. He is an active and public-spirited citi- 
zen, and well merits the confidence reposed in 
him by those best acquainted with him. He 
is a Republican in politics. 

Mr. Cough married Jane Cotterell, a native 
of Berkshire, England, and their family con- 
sists of three children, namely : Edith, Henry, 
and Alice. 



WILLIAM E. KAY. 

The career of William E. Kay, one of the 
best known builders in the borough of Brook- 
lyn, has been one of marked enterprise, where- 
in his reliable methods have contributed in 
large measure to his prosperity. He is a thor- 
oughly selfmade man, having started without 
any capital whatever, but by perseverance, hon- 
esty and fair dealings he has obtained an inde- 
pendent position in the business world and has 
gained a handsome competence with which to 
retire. He is a native of Brooklyn, New York, 
a son of Peter S. Kay, who served in the 
United States navy four years during the Civil 
war, thus displaying his bravery and patriot- 
ism. 



His educational privileges were limited to 
those afforded in old No. 2 school on Forty- 
seventh street. After completing his studies 
he worked for fifteen years at carving on mar- 
ble, and at the expiration of this period of time 
concluded to take up carpenter work. His first 
venture was the erection of four houses on 
Nineteenth street, for which he drew all the 
plans and designs and performed all the arch- 
itectural work, and he has also made the plans 
for some of the finest buildings in the city. 
He drew up the deeds for the same and per- 
formed all other business pertaining to the 
building trade. His building operations have 
been mostly in the "Eighth ward, from Twenty- 
ninth to Thirtieth streets, within which he has 
built eighty houses, and between Forty-fourth 
and Sixtieth streets, east of Sixth avenue, he 
built one hundred and thirty houses. He has 
built over four hundred dwellings throughout 
the district comprising Borough Park and Van 
Pelt Manor, which is more than that performed 
by any other builder in that section. His style 
of building is commonly known as Queen 
Anne detached houses, the majority of which, 
however, are built for two families. 

He offers a system of selling whereby the 
purchaser is enabled to pay for a house with a 
reasonable rental, and by this plan he has been 
able to dispose of his houses as fast as erected, 
and sometimes sooner, as he has now (1904) 
on hand twenty-nine houses under process of 
construction, the entire lot having been sold 
before completed. He has been offering this 
plan of payment for eighteen years, and dur- 
ing this long period has been able to prove that 
ninety-five percent of all those who purchased 
on that plan have paid for their property. He 
offers three important inducements to pur- 



358 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



chasers — first, the best house for the money; 
second, the best location ; third, the best terms. 
He does not allow an arrearage of two or three 
months' payments to inviolate the ' terms of 
purchase. He sells houses valued at five thou- 
sand dollars on that plan. Mr. Kay operates on 
a large scale, purchasing large tracts of build- 
ing property at a time, and his lumber in the 
woods. He manufactures his own material, 
having a large storage shed where he keeps 
constantly on hand over two hundred thousand 
feet of lumber, which is prepared for use as re- 
c]uired. He sells on an average three or four 
houses a month, and his reliable plan of pur- 
chase has made him a benefactor to many a 
poor man seeking a home. During his eight- 
een years of business life he has won and re- 
tained the confidence of the public at large, 
particularly his large number of patrons, there 
being about two huiidred and fifty families oc- 
cupying his houses, and he is adjudged one of 
the most successful builders and operators* in 
the city. He has held membership in the Royal 
Arcanum since its organization in Brooklyn, 
this being one of the oldest associations of the 
borough. 

Mr. Kay married July lo, 1898, and two 
sons and one daughter have been the issue of 
this union. One son is associated in business 
with his father. 



STEPHEN BURKHARDT. 

The greatly increased population of the 
Bushwick section of the borough of Brooklyn 
has been provided for in great degree through 
the prescience and detennination of a class of 
men known as speculative builders. These, dis- 
cerning the necessity for affording living ac- 



commodations for a continuously increasing 
mass of people, fixed upon eligible locations 
and erected suitable homes and dwelling houses 
of all dimensions, adapted to the means of all 
classes, from the man of affairs in opulent cir- 
cumstances to the m.echanic who is dependent 
upon his weekly wage. In this work the spec- 
ulative builder performed the part of a genuine 
public benefactor and enterprising citizen. 

Among those of first prominence in the work 
of speculative buildings is to be recognized 
Stephen Burkhardt, who has been an indus- 
trious laborer in this field for twenty-two years. 
A native of Bavaria, Germany, he came to the 
United States in 1872, when twenty-six years 
of age. He was an accomplished mechanic 
when he came. He had learned the trade of 
mason after the thorough fashion prevailing 
in the fatherland, had passed his "wander- 
year," and been received into the craft as a 
finished master workman. He had also learned 
millwrighting, which he successfully followed 
in Newark, New Jersey, during his first years 
in the country. He located in Brooklyn and 
engaged in building, an occupation which has 
engrossed his attention continuously from that 
day to the present time. He was a pioneer in 
the development and modernization of the 
Bushwick section of Brooklyn, and was the 
builder of the first brick house in that locality. 
He ever kept in advance of the necessities of 
the day, and, while providing for immediate 
necessities, erecting under contract business 
houses and residences, he grew into that line 
with which his name is most prominently as- 
sociated — that of building apartment houses. 
The edifices of his erection have always been 
known as among the best of their class in the 
entire city, aflfording every comfort and con- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



359 



venience known to modern life, and a constant- 
ly increasing degree of architectural beauty. 
His reputation for conscientious fulfillment of 
every obligation was established from the first, 
and in no instance was his work glossed over 
or skimped for the sake of a trifling saving. 
He yet continues in the calling which has 
claimed his best powers during tHe ripest por- 
tion of his life, and scores of structures stand 
as monuments to, his skill as a workman and 
his public spirit as a citizen, while he has also 
gained a satisfying pecuniary reward, to which 
he is justly entitled. 

Mr. Burkhardt married Miss Eva Wagen- 
brenner, and of this union were born six chil- 
dren, the elder of whom have entered upon 
most promising careers in life. George began 
his education in the public schools of Brook- 
lyn, and pursued professional studies in the 
universities in Wurzburg and Munich, Ger- 
many, graduating from, the last-named with 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine. Louis grad- 
uated from the Royal Gymnasium in Wurz- 
burg, receiving the degree of Doctor of Philos- 
ophy, served as co-assistant in German hos- 
pitals, and is now in business as a druggist at 
1649 Bushwick avenue, Brooklyn; he married 
Hermina Kohn, and they have one child. Will- 
iam was educated at St. Lawrence (Wiscon- 
sin) College, where he pursued a classical and 
business course, graduating in 1900; he is 
now a student in the Brooklyn College of 
Pharmacy, class of 1905- Otto apd Stephen 
are engaged in their preparatory studies. The 
mother of these children died October 29, 1893. 

Mr. Burkhardt married Miss Thekla E. A. 
Butsch, and of this marriage was born 
a daughter, Qara. The family occupy a 
handsome residence at 743 Bushwick avenue, 



one of Mr. Burkhardt's own planning and 
building. 



GEORGE FLETCHER. 

George Fletcher, of Brooklyn, New York, 
who has gained a high reputation as a build- 
er, and for many years has enjoyed the confi- 
dence of his numerous patrons and the public 
in general, was born in Leeds, Yorkshire, 
England, in 1833. 

At the age of nineteen years, having pre- 
viously decided to test the busiftess opportuni- 
ties of the new world, he came to the United 
States alone, and after a tedious journey of 
six weeks on a sailing vessel landed in New 
York city. During the early years of his life 
he served an apprenticeship at the trade of 
millwright, which occupation he followed for 
several years in this country, and later turned 
his attention to shipbuilding. In conjunction 
with the above-named trade he mastered six 
other distinct lines of work, and thus was fully 
equipped for an active business career. More 
than a C[uarter of a century ago Mr. Fletcher 
took up his residence in Brooklyn, New York, 
and for over twenty years has resided in his 
present home. He has built a great number 
of houses throughout this borough, which 
stand as monuments to his skill and ability, 
and which, if placed all together would con- 
stitute a fair-sized village. During one sum- 
mer alone he erected houses for the accom- 
modation of one hundred and forty-eight fam- 
ilies. His houses range in value from $5,500 
to $12,000, and by drawing his own plans and 
purchasing the building materials by the car 
load is enabled to give his patrons the best 
constructed houses for the money. When ac- 



360 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



lively engaged as a contractor he gives em- 
ployment to as many as eighty men, all skilled 
in their particular line of work, and his pay 
roll averages from $i,ooo a week to more than 
$11,000 a month, and thus it will be seen that 
not he alone benefits from his extensive trans- 
actions. He gives his personal supervision 
to the work, is .particular in all details,- and 
these facts account for the success which has 
attended his efforts. He is the owner of con- 
siderable property, which is valued at $80,000; 
he purchased one block for $72,000, paying 
for the same in three years. His residence on 
Palmetto street is one of the modern and beau- 
tiful houses which abound in that select resi- 
dential section of the city, and is equipped with 
every appliance for the convenience and com- 
fort of its inmates. Mr. Fletcher is a Repub- 
lican in politics. 

Mr. Fletch.er married Rebecca Kidd, who 
bore him eight children, three of whom are de- 
ceased. The surviving members of the family 
are : John William, who is, associated with 
his father in business; he married Elizabeth 
King. Joseph P., who married Florence Cox. 
George W., a graduate of Columbia College, 
Department of the School of Mines. David 
Winfield, who married Emma Wesley. Mary 
Victoria, wife of August Prall. 



WILLIAM FLANAGAN. 

William Flanagan, one of the oldest and 
also one of the best known speculative build- 
ers in the borough of Brooklyn, New York, is 
a representative of that class of men, who, 
with great directness of purpose, and with a 
zealous and hopeful temperament, toil assidu- 
ously and unceasingly to gain success in what- 



ever enterprise they embark in, and whose well 
directed efforts are universally recognized and 
appreciated. He is a native of Ireland, born 
in Queens county, February 14, 1837. 

He obtained his education in the schools 
of his native land, and when a lad of fourteen 
years emigrated to the United States, landing 
in New York city. He located in Niagara 
county, New York, remaining two years, and 
then he came to Brooklyn, New York, and 
became an apprentice to Joseph H. Townsend 
to learn the carpenter trade. After becom- 
ing thoroughly proficient in the various 
branches of that line of work, he secured em- 
ployment as carpenter in Brooklyn, and dur- 
ing the years 1858-59 he followed the same 
occupation in the city of Chicago, Illinois., In 
the latter named year, having decided that the 
east furnished better opportunities for ad- 
vancement in business pursuits, he returned 
to Brooklyn and at once began a contracting 
business on. a small scale, performing the 
greater part of the work himself, and there- 
fore employing only a limited number of men. 
He was an excellent mechanic, full of en,ergy, 
and could accomplish as much work in one 
day as two ordinary men. He operated in 
this way for several years, achieving a large 
degree of financial success, and in 1864 became 
a speculative builder, purchasing lots and 
erecting houses on them, then holding the 
property for sale, and this business he has con- 
tinued up to the present time, a period of forty 
years, during which time he has built and sold 
more than four hundred private houses in 
Brooklyn, and has handled considerable real 
estate. For a number of years his operations 
were mostly in the twentieth ward — on Port- 
land, Clinton, De Kalb and Carlton avenues. 




^ 



',JU^ 



i 



'^, 



^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



363 



About the year 1867 he began his operations 
in the, district called the Park Slope, on which 
there were no houses, and he has erected at 
least one-fourth of the handsome and modern 
dwellings in that section. He built what could 
be called the first apartment house in Brook- 
lyn, but his principal work has been the erec- 
tion of high-class private residences, some of 
which are among the finest in the borough, and 
his operations have been on a larger scale and 
exceeded those of any three men. Mr. Flana- 
gan is one of the oldest and most respected 
men in the city, and he distinctly recollects 
when there was but one house on Fulton 
street, where the shopping district is now lo- 
cated, the old road to Coney Island, which 
was through Prospect Park, when Fifth ave- 
nue was a residential section, and when 
Gowanus Canal ran up as far as Flatbush and 
Fifth avenues, that section being nothing but 
a swamp. Mr. Flanagan is an independent 
Democrat in politics, and has taken an active 
part in local affairs, serving as delegate to many 
of the conventions. He was a stanch adher- 
ent to the principles advocated by Mr. Shep- 
pard, and is strongly opposed to corruption 
and vice. He is a member of the Speculative 
Builders' Association of Brooklyn, and served 
as vice-president up to 1904, when he decided 
to abdicate his position in favor of a younger 
man. 

In 1863 Mr. Flanagan married Miss Mar- 
garet O'Brien, a native of Brooklyn, New 
York, and ten children were born to them, 
four of whom are now living : Penelope, de- 
ceased ; Sarah, deceased ; Mary D. ; Tillie, de- 
ceased; Maggie, deceased; Nellie, deceased; 
Lulu, the wife of Hugh Mackey, of Brooklyn ; 
William, deceased; William, who is an archi- 



tect under the municipal government ; and Ar- 
thur, who is pursuing a course of study in 
architecture. Mrs. Flanagan, mother of these 
children, died in 1888. In 1891 Mr. Flanagan 
was united in marriage to Miss Lena O'Brien, 
daughter of the late James O'Brien, who was 
a well-known Wall street cotton broker. The 
family residence is at No. 69 Seventh avenue, 
Brooklyn, where they have resided since 1880. 



AUGUST BAUER. 

August Bauer, of Brooklyn, New York, a 
native of Baden, Germany, his birth having 
occurred there in the year i860, ranks- among 
the most expert and successful speculative 
builders in that borough. Administrative abil- 
ity of the highest order is requisite for the 
management of this business, and this Mr. 
Bauer possesses in a rare degree, as well as 
capacity for ■ details, thoroughness, prompt- 
ness and financial ability. His success has 
fully justified his judgment in selecting this 
line of work, and great pecuniary gain has 
been the result. 

Upon the completion of his studies in his 
native land, he served an apprenticeship at the 
trades of cabinet-making and carpentering, and 
at the age of twenty years came to the United 
States, thinking thereby to increase the scope 
of his business possibilities. For the past 
twelve years his attention and time have been 
devoted to the building of houses on specula- 
tion, erecting the first house on St. Nicholas 
avenue. He has recently completed seventeen 
houses, and at the present time (1904) has 
extensive operations on hand which will 
amount to about $175,000. He is regarded 
as one of the best builders in the city of two 



364 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



and three family houses. He has a very val- 
uable assistant in his wife, who is a very prac- 
tical and businesslike woman, enthusiastic and 
industrious in assisting her husband in his 
building operations, and very frequently she 
is seen exercising a watchful eye on the prog- 
ress of the various houses erected. 

Neither Mr. or Mrs. Bauer care for the or- 
dinary frivolities of life, their chief pleasure 
being the management of their extensive busi- 
ness. They enjoy the pleasures to be derived 
from a wide circle of friends, with whom they 
are popular and highly esteemed. 



CHARLES KOEHLER. 

Charles Koehler, a representative specula- 
tive builder of the Twenty-eighth ward, bor- 
ough- of Brooklyn, New York, and one of the 
most successful operators in that section, pos- 
sesses in a large degree the characteristics so 
essential to an active business career — enter- 
prise, energy and perseverance — and these, 
combined with rare executive ability and far- 
sightedness, have gained for him an enviable 
reputation among the followers of his voca- 
tion. 

Charles Koehler was born in the First ward 
of the city of New York, and his educational 
advantages were obtained in the public schools 
of Brooklyn, whither his parents removed dur- 
ing his early childhood. Leaving school at the 
early age of twelve years he secured employ- 
ment in a printing office, and there gained his 
first practical experience. Later he learned 
the trade of plasterer with his father, with 
whom he remained as employee for a number 
of years, subsequently being admitted to part- 
nership in the business, which was most ex- 



tensive and lucrative, this connection contin- 
uing up to the time of his marriage, a period 
of several years. Since then he has been en- 
gaged in the management of a hotel and in 
the building business, the latter-named occu- 
pation being the most successful. He draws 
the designs and plans for his houses, which 
are of the best style 6i architecture, construct- 
ed from the best materials and put together 
by competent mechanics, and range in value 
from $4,000 to $20,000. 

In 1896 Mr. Koehler married Elizabeth 
Kuecherer, daughter of Charles Kuecherer, 
for many yea,rs a well known resident of 
Greenpoint, but of late years his home has 
been in the Twenty-eighth ward of Brook- 
lyn. Mr. and Mrs. Koehler reside in a hand- 
some and commodious home at No. 178 Irv- 
ing avenue, and occupy a prominent place in 
the social life of that section. 



HARRY GRATTAN. 

That surpassingly beautiful residential por- 
tion of the borough of Brooklyn known by the 
distinctive name of Ditmas Park West is in 
large degree the creation of Mr. Harry Grat- 
tan, and is at once evidence of his public 
spirit, sagacity and artistic taste, the last- 
named attribute, displayed by him in perfec- 
tion, being one foreign to many who are 
known as builders. It is curiously interesting 
to note that the work in which he has proven 
so successful and which has brought to him 
so much well-deserved commendation is 
wholly outside the lines to which he devoted 
himself at the beginning of his career, and 
that his capabilities as an architect and build- 
er were entirely self-developed. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



365 



A -native of Minnesota, born in the vicinity 
of Preston, August i, 1869, he was reared to 
rural pursuits. His father, M. T. Grattan, is 
a well known horseman and a breeder of fancy 
carriage and trotting horses. Young Grattan 
found amid his surroundings such enjoyment 
as a lad should, but at the same time was am- 
bitious to enter upon a distinctively business 
career. After obtaining a liberal English ed- 
ucation in the public schools he obtained a 
situation as clerk in the local bank, and re- 
mained therein for a period of four years. 
In 1889, at the age of twenty, he came to 
Brooklyn, Ndw YorK, where he found employ- 
ment as private secretary to Major General 
Daniel Butterfield, a Civil war hero, who was 
as much a captain in business affairs as he 
had been in the fields of a memorable strife. " 
While serving with General Butterfield he 
was also employed by the Brooklyn Bank. Mr. 
Grattan proved more than equal to every task 
Vi'hich came to him, and at the same time 
gained the personaj friendship of his superiors 
to such a degree that he was called into inti- 
mate association with them in larger enter- 
prises. Among these was the establishment 
of the Greater New York Savings Bank of 
Brooklyn, of which he was among the original 
incorporators, and in which he served as sec- 
retary. In this position he acquitted himself 
most usefully and creditably, and at the end 
of a year and a half resigned in order to de- 
vote his energies to speculative building — a 
new departure in which he was destined to 
prove eminently successful. 

While yet engaged in his duties in connec- 
tion with the bank which he aided to found, 
he erected on East Thirteenth street a build- 
ing designed for his own residence. He drew 



the plans, selected the material and superin- 
tended the work of construction from the 
ground breaking to the decoration of the com- 
pleted structure. It found great favor with 
the residents of the region in which it was lo- 
cated, and it was not long until he was ap- 
proached by a purchaser who was so pleased 
with it that he made offer of a sum which 
afforded to Mr. Grattan a handsome profit 
upon his investment. The proffer was ac- 
cepted and the incident proved the turning 
point in his career, ' suggesting to him, as it 
did, the building of family residences and 
apartment houses for the market. He accord- 
ingly purchased a quantity of adjacent open 
property upon which he built, disposing of each 
building as soon as it was ready for occupancy 
and frequently in advance of its completion. 
Extending his operations, he reached out into 
all the Ditmas Park West region — on East 
Eleventh, Twelfth, Thirteenth, Fourteenth 
and Fifteenth streets — adding building after 
building, until the number has grown to more 
than fifty, and are among the most original 
and artistic edifices to be found in any portion 
of the great city. In all this long continued ef- 
fort Mr. Grattan has steadily adhered to his 
own ideas, and has utterly refused to be tram- 
meled by the rules of any particular school, 
or to fall into dreary monotony by following 
after the fad of the hour. He has designed 
each edifice, availing himself of every known 
architectural standard, modifying here and 
elaborating there, as his own taste would sug- 
gest, and again producing what was in ef- 
fect an entirely new creation. As a result the 
district which he has thus built up is adorned 
with a variety of designs which is pleasing 
by reason of its variety, yet not contrasting so 



366 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



strongly as to shock the sense of harmony. 
His principal ornaments are of the Queen 
Anne style, relieved here and there, and in no 
two edifices just alike, as his judgment might 
dictate at the moment. The actual cost of 
these properties ranges from $4,500 to $10,- 
500 each, and the aggregate cost to Mr. Grat- 
tan is estimated at not less than $400,000. The 
actual value may he discerned when it is noted 
that, as a result of his effort, values in the 
neighborhood have so appreciated that in sev- 
eral instances houses have been sold at an ad- 
vance of fully seventy-five per cent. Among the 
patrons of Mr. Grattan may be named such 
men of means and cultivated taste as Robert 
G. Smyth, John W. Goodrich, S. H. Moore 
and John Thompson. With such magnificent 
results as have herein been to some degree 
indicated, Mr. Grattan abates nothing of his 
industry or enthusiasm, but is as diligently 
prosecuting his work as when it was a new 
task, and at each step introduces some pleas- 
ing innovation which serves to further beauti- 
fy the Ditmas Park region and bring to him 
additional credit as a public benefactor, under 
the good old adage that such is he who makes 
two blades of grass to grow where thefe was 
but one before. 

His family consists of his wife, who was 
Miss Amy E. Freeman, a native of Brooklyn, 
and their son, Harry Grattan, Jr. 



CHARLES H. DENISON. 

Charles H. Denison, who has advanced from 
the initial step of apprenticeship through the 
successive stages of journeyman and contrac- 
tor to that of speculative builder, has been 
associated with the improvement of the bor- 



ough since 1882 in the construction of fifty- 
eight houses here. A native of Pennsylvania, 
he was born in Susquehanna county on the 
15th of May, 1853, his parents being George 
M. and Sally (Crocker) Denison, the latter a 
resident of Pennsylvania. The son attended 
school at Montrose, Pennsylvania, and also at 
Factoryville, after which he engaged in teach- 
ing school in Wyoming county, Pennsylvania. 
His early manhood was then devoted to educa- 
tional labors, and in 1877 he went to the oil 
fields at Bradford, Pennsylvania. He has had 
wide experience in the buildirlg line, being 
thoroughly familiar with every department of 
the trade both as a practical workman and 
contractor. He served a regular apprentice- 
ship as a carpenter. When thoroughly quali- 
fied in the builder's art he worked by the day 
as a journeyman, being thus employed in 
many places, including Scranton and Brad- 
ford, Pennsylvania, and Atlanta, Georgia, and 
in 1882 he came to Brooklyn, where his capa- 
bility soon won him recognition in responsi- 
ble positions in connection with the building 
industry. 

He was the superintendent of construction 
of the Regent Hotel for the Brooklyn Hotel 
Company, and, having in the meantime gained 
an insight into building conditions and possi- 
bilities of Brooklyn, on the completion of the 
hotel he began speculative work by the erec- 
tion of five three-story flat buildings on Sixth 
street, between Fourth and Fifth avenues. 
This investment proved a remunerative one 
and was followed by the erection of five three- 
story flat buildings on Fifth street between 
Fourth and Fifth avenues, and five on Second 
street, between Fourth and Fifth avenues. He 
then erected a four-story double apartment 





rt^CL^-^^>c-'C-<z^f^^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



369 



house on Eighth street, between Fifth and 
Sixth avenues, and successively five private 
houses on Fifth street between Seventh and 
Eighth avenues, four on Prospect place be- 
tween Kingston and Albany avenues, six on 
Park place near Kingston, these being two- 
family houses, and two five-story apartment 
houses on Gold street, near Willoughby, each 
furnishing accommodation for fifteen fam- 
ilies. On Ditmas avenue between East Sec- 
ond and East Third streets he erected six cot- 
tages and then built five on Sixteenth street, 
near Ninth avenue, these being two-family 
houses. He also erected similar structures on 
Windsor place, near Ninth avenue, and then 
began his building operations on Sixth street, 
between Seventh and Eighth avenues, includ- 
ing nine structures there, which are a better 
class of two-family houses. Altogether his 
building operations have included the con- 
struction of fifty-eight houses, which have 
mostly been of the kind of residences de- 
manded by the middle class, thus proving com- 
fortable and substantial homes. Most of the 
carpenter work on these was done by the day 
and the other work was let to contractors. Mr. 
Denison's practical knowledge of the builder's 
art has made him well qualified for the field of 
activity that he has chosen, enabling him to 
understand whether he is getting value re- 
ceived on the purchase and use of materials. 

Mr. Denison resides at No. 515 Sixth street. 
He was married in Brooklyn to Miss Mary 
Reynolds Carpenter, and they have two chil- 
dren, Madaline and Jessie. His political al- 
legiance is given to the Democracy, and he is 
a member of the Speculative Builders' Asso- 
ciation of Brooklyn and the South Brooklyn 
Board of Trade. His , identification with the 



borough covers eleven years, during which 
time he has demonstrated his right to be 
' classed among its prominent and progressive 
citizens. His effort leaving a stiong impress 
upon the industrial activity and consequent 
growth and development of the borough, his 
connection with any undertaking insures a 
prosperous outcome for the same, for it is in 
his nature to carry forward to successful com- 
pletion any enterprise with which he becomes 
connected. He has earned for himself an en- 
viable reputation as a careful man of business 
and in his dealings is known for his prompt 
and honorable methods, which have won him 
the deserved and unbounded confidence of his 
fellow men. 



JOHN DREHER. 

In business life success depends so entirely 
upon individual merit that when one has at- 
tained a position of prominence it is an un- 
mistakable evidence of ability, natural and ac- 
quired. It is so in the case of John Dreher, a 
speculative builder of the borough of Brook- 
lyn, New York, who was born in Germany, 
January 28, 1854. 

He obtained a good education in the schools 
of his native land, which qualified him for the 
duties and activities of life. He then began 
the study of architecture, and, being an apt 
and diligent student, was thoroughly prepared 
to fill the responsible position of superintend- 
ent of construction of buildings at the early 
age of nineteen years. Having decided that 
the business opportunities were greater in the 
new world than in the old, he emigrated to the 
United States at the age of twenty-seven years. 
In 1882 he located in Brooklyn, New York, 



370 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



and served an apprenticeship at the trades of 
stone cutter and bricklayer. He then became 
a sub-contractor, but later took contracts on 
his own account, building his first house in 
what was then Adams street, now Evergreen 
avenue, in 1888. He has erected houses on the 
following streets and avenues in the borough 
of Brooklyn : Crawford, Palmetto, Bleeker, 
Hamburg, Himrod, Gates, Irving, Greene, 
Wyckoff, Woodbine, St. Nicholas and Cy- 
press. In 1902 he built sixty houses, and he 
enjoys the distinction of being the pioneer 
builder of that section of the city in which the 
above-named streets and avenues are located, 
having erected the first six houses. He per- 
sonally superintends all the details of his 
building operations, which are among the 
most extensive in the borough. He is reliable 
and conscientious in all his business transac- 
tions, and thus well merits the success he has 
achieved. 

Mr. Dreher was united in marriage to Miss 
Caroline Ackerman, and four children have 
been born to them, two sons and two daugh- 
ters. 



ADAM METZ. 

Adam Metz, one of the oldest, as well as 
one of the most extensive and successful build- 
ers of the eastern district of Brooklyn, New 
York, is a representative of that class of men, 
native-born sons of Germany, who are faithful 
and loyal in their support of American princi- 
ples, and who are numbered among the most 
public-spirited citizens of this great and glo- 
rious Republic. His birth occurred in Ger- 
many, October 11, 1863. His parents were 
Jacob and Cathrina Metz, 



He was reared, educated and learned the 
building trade in his native land, followed 
journey work for eight years, and during five 
years of that time served in the capacity of 
foreman. At the age of twenty-five years he 
came to the United States and at once engaged 
in the same line of work. During his seven- 
teen years of business enterprise on his own 
account he has erected over three hundred and 
fifty houses. Last year (1903) he built five 
houses on Gates avenue, one on Ralph street, 
one on Greene avenue, and at the present time 
(1904) has seventeen houses under process 
of construction on Greene avenue, both sides 
of the street, between Stanhope and Knicker- 
bocker avenues. For several years he has been 
the most extensive builder in that part of the 
borough, and is the oldest builder in the 
Twenty-eighth ward. His place of business is 
located at Nos. 1776- 1778 Greene avenue, be- 
tween Fairview and Grandview avenues, and 
he has in his employ a regular force of fifty 
men, all expert mechanics, which often at times 
is augmented to sixty-five. Mr. Metz is a prac- 
tical man in every department of the building 
business, buys nothing but the best material, 
and personally superintends all the work. His 
transactions are conducted in a conscientious 
manner, and by exercising the utmost dili- 
gence and perseverance his business has in- 
creased and prospered wonderfully. , 



STEPHEN M. RANDALL. 

One of the influential and reliable business 
men of Brooklyn, New York, is Stephen M. 
Randall, who is a descendant of one of the old- 
est families on Long Island. He was born in 
Brookhaven, Suffolk county. Long Island, in 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



371 



February, 1843, '^^ were also his father and 
grandfather. His great-grandfather, Stephen 
Randall, .was a native of Rhode Island, but his 
father, some time in the seventeenth century, 
came to this country, settling in Rhode Island. 
About the year 1750 he removed to Long Isl- 
and, and was an active participant during the 
Revolutionary war. 

Jehial W. Randall, father of Stephen M. 
Randall, was a son of William Randall, of 
Brookhaven, Long Island, where his educa- 
tion was acquired in the common schools. 
Throughout his business career he engaged in 
agricultural pursuits with marked success, be- 
ing the owner of a farm, most of which was 
under a high state of cultivation and well im- 
proved. He married Marietta Moorehouse, of 
Fairfield, Connecticut, who, like her husband, 
was a descendant of the Burr family, of which 
Aaron Burr, the famous American statesman, 
was a descendant,, who was born in 1756, died 
in 1836; was a lieutenant-colonel' in the Revo- 
lutionary war, attorney general of New York, 
United States senator and vice-president of 
the United States. Both Mr. and Mrs. Ran- 
dall were active and consistent members of the 
Presbyterian church of Brookhaven, Long 
Island. Mr. Randall died in 1879, survived 
by his widow, who passed away in 1902, at 
the age of eighty-nine years. 

Upon the homestead farm Stephen M. Ran- 
dall was reared to manhood, acquiring such 
an education as was then afforded by the town 
school. He then turned his attention to farm- 
ing, at which he spent a number of years, and 
also learned the trade of a carpenter. In 1864 
he came to Brooklyn, where he worked at his 
trade for three years, and at the expiration of 
this period of time he entered into partnership 



with his brother, John J. Randall, now a lead- 
ing business man of Freeport, Long Island, 
in the contracting and building line. They 
continued in business for seven years, and dur- 
ing this time erected many noted structures, 
both public and private. Mr. Randall then 
purchased his brother's interest in the busi- 
ness, which he has since continued to conduct 
alone, and the success he has attained is the 
result of perseverance, steadfast purpose and 
indefatigable industry, combined with sound 
business principles. He also acts in the ca- 
pacity of trustee of the East Brooklyn Sav- 
ings Bank, director of the Seventeenth Ward 
Bank, and a member of the Manufacturers' 
Association. Mr. Randall takes an active in- 
terest in the New York Avenue Methodist 
Episcopal Church, of Brooklyn, being a trustee 
and member of the official board; he is also 
trustee of the Greenpoint Tabernacle, trustee 
of the Greenpoint branch of the Young Men's 
Christian Association, and a member of the 
executive committee of the Brooklyn Church 
Society. 

In 1868 Mr. Randall married Catherine Da- 
vis, daughter of Thomas Davis, and they now 
reside at 669 St. Mark's avenue, one of the 
most aristocratic sections of Brooklyn, New 
York. Tliree children have been born to them, 
two of whom are living at the present time 
(1903) : George W. and Stelle J. Randall. 



HENRY J. BROWN. 

Henry J. Brown, senior member of the firm 
of Henry J. Brown & Son, builders and con- 
tractors, of Brooklyn, New York, was born 
in Southold, Long Island, July 2, 1837, a son 
of Samuel and Bethiah (Overton) Brown. 



372 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



He received a common school education, 
continuing his studies until seventeen years 
of age, when he served an apprenticeship at 
the trade of carpenter. In the early sixties 
he took up his residence in Brooklyn, New 
York; was employed as journeyman at his 
trade for six years, and then engaged in busi- 
ness for himself in the Twenty-third ward of 
Brooklyn. Later he admitted his son, Abram 
H. Brown, into partnership under the style of 
Henry J. Brown & Son, and their operations 
have been crowned with success. Among the 
structures that stand as monuments to their 
skill and ability are the following : St. Luke's 
Protestant Episcopal Church, Brooklyn ; Cen- 
tral Presbyterian Church, Marcy avenue, 
Brooklyn; Greene Avenue Presbyterian 
Church, Greene avenue, Brooklyn; St. George's 
Protestant Episcopal Church, Marcy avenue, 
Brooklyn ; St. James Protestant Episcopal 
Chp<rch, Lafayette avenue, Brooklyn; St. An- 
dri v's Methodist Episcopal Church, Rich- 
mo id street, Brooklyn ; St. Matthew's Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Church, Sixth avenue, Brook- 
lyn; The Second Church of Christ (Scientist), 
Park Place, Brooklyn; Government Hospital, 
Fort Hamilton, New York ; the Kings County 
Medical Library, Bedford avenue, Brooklyn; 
Public School, Floral ^ark, Long Island ; Pub- 
lic School No. TJ, First street, Brooklyn ; Club 
house, Long Island Wheelmen Club, Bedford 
avenue, Brooklyn ; Maternity Hospital, Wash- 
ington avenue, Brooklyn ; John Stephenson 
Car Factories, New Jersey; Fowler Car Com- 
pany Works, Elizabeth, New Jersey ; the Boat 
House and Crescent Athletic Club, Brooklyn, 
New York. 

In 1866 Mr. Brown was united in marriage 
to Mrs. Susie J. Horton, and the issue of this 



union was one son, Abram H., born Novem- 
ber 3, 1868, in Brooklyn, New York. He at- 
tended the old No. 11 school and later the 
high school in Livingston street, graduating 
from the latter institution. He was then ad- 
mitted to partnership with his father, and a 
large measure of the success which has at- 
tended their efforts is the direct result of his 
business ability and capable management. He 
is a Republican in politics, as is-also his father. 
In 1891 he married Qare A. Fitch, of Oneida, 
New York, who bore him two children : Edith 
G., born May 27, 1895 ; Ethel M., born Sep- 
tember 22, 1900. Abram H. Brown and fam- 
ily reside in Richmond Hill, Long Island. 



MUNROE STINER. 

Munroe Stiner, who has practical knowl- 
edge of the builder's art and since 1898 has 
engaged in speculative building, was born in 
New York city on the 29th of April, 1876. 
His father, Simon Stiner, is a wholesale 
dealer in Washington Market. The son ac- 
quired his early education in the public 
schools, afterward attended the Brooklyn 
Polytechnic school and subsequently continued 
his studies in Hudson River Military Acad- 
emy of New York. His early schooling as an 
artisan was largely acquired under the direc- 
tion of John H. French & Brother, with whom 
he learned the carpenter's trade, and through- 
out much of his life he has been identified with 
building operations, either in practical con- 
struction or as a speculator. He was, how- 
ever, engaged in the exporting, business for 
two and a half years, and then, putting aside 
business cares, he responded to the country's 
call for troops for service in the Spanish- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



375 



American war. He went out with the Thir- 
teenth Regiment and afterward was trans- 
ferred to the Twenty-second Regiment. 

Following his return he did some building 
as a contractor, and in 1899 he began the erec- 
tion of five two-family frame houses on Forty- 
ninth street, below Sixth avenue. Subse- 
quently he erected six of the same class ad- 
joining his first buildings in the spring of 
1900, and his next constructive work resulted 
in the building of a two-family brick and 
stone house on Forty-ninth street, below Sixth 
avenue, followed by six of the same kind on 
Fifty-second street, below Sixth avenue. In 
the year 1902 he began and completed eleven 
two-family houses of stone and brick, each 
two stories and basement. Each year has wit- 
nessed the growth of his business, and in the 
spring of 1904 he began the erection of ten 
houses, eight of these being two-story and 
basement, while the others were tenement 
houses, three stories in height, with accommo- 
dation for three families. He built in the fall 
of 1904 and spring of 1905, a lull block, ten 
houses, of two-family stone houses, on Sixth 
avenue, between 47th and 48th streets. He 
has also to some extent engaged in contracting, 
and his practical knowledge along mechanical 
lines has been of marked value to him in his 
building operations, enabling him to judge ac- 
curately of the worth of building materials 
and also of the labor which is put into the con- 
struction. Constantly enlarging the scope of 
his effort as his financial resources have in- 
creased, he is now the owner of valuable prop- 
erty, and from his previous sales has realized 
a handsome financial return from his invest- 
ment. 

Mr. Stiner is a member of the Builders' 



Association and also of the West End Board 
of Trade, and he has an office at 4901 Fourth 
avenue in Brooklyn, while his home is at 553 
Fifty-ninth street. He holds membership in 
the Seventh Assembly District Republican 
Club. 



JOHN PETERS. 

John Peters, a carpenter and builder, whose 
office and shop is located at No. 160 Seventh 
avenue, Brooklyn, New York, is one of the 
representative business men of that borough, 
who has achieved a large degree of financial 
gain, which is the direct result of energy, per- 
severance, skill and integrity. He is a native 
of Scotland, born in the Clyde district on No- 
vember 28, 1859. 

During his boyhood days he attended the 
schools in the neighborhood of his birthplace, 
thus acquiring a practical education which 
thoroughly qualified him for a life of useful- 
ness and activity. After serving an appren- 
ticeship at the trade of carpenter, he was em- 
ployed as journeyman in his native country 
for a number of years. In 1881, at the age of 
twenty-two, he emigrated to the United States, 
locating in Brooklyn, New York, where he fol- 
lowed his trade. He also was employed as a 
journeyman in various large cities, including 
Philadelphia, but finally settled in Brooklyn, 
where he engaged in business on his own ac- 
count in 1891. Since that date to the present 
time (1904) his trade has steadily increased 
in volume and importance, and he is recog- 
nized in business circles and among his nu- 
merous customers and patrons as a skillful and 
reliable man of business. He performs all 
kinds of jobbing work, such as remodeling 



376 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



residences and stores and putting in new 
fronts, and his trade extends not only through- 
out the borough of Brooklyn, but also into 
Manhattan. He has in his employ about eight 
men, skilled mechanics, whom he personally 
superintends, and in this way he has gained 
an enviable reputation., All measures to ad- 
vance the welfare of the people receive his co- 
operation, and he may be justly ranked among 
the progressive citizens who are laboring for 
the development of the best interests of the 
city. In politics he is independent, casting 
his vote for the candidate best qualified for of- 
fice, irrespective of party affiliation. 

Mr. Peters was united in marriage to Miss 
Anna Miller, of Brooklyn, New York. Their 
children are : Norman, John, Ellen, Mar- 
garet, Dorothy and Catharine. The family re- 
side in a comfortable home in Brooklyn. 

WILLIAM H. HAZZARD. 

William Henry Hazzard, contractor and 
builder, the president of the Brooklyn Street 
Railway Company and the president of the 
Fulton Bank, spent his early years amicT un- 
favoring circumstances upon a Delaware farm, 
where limited financial circumstances deprived 
him of many of the opportunities and advan- 
tages which the average youth enjoys, but the 
inherent force of his character, his unwearied 
industry, unfaltering perseverance, and his 
laudable ambition triumphed over difficulties 
and his latent powers were developed through 
the opportunities of the business world, where 
he iTiade for himself a name and place of 
prominence as one of the foremost iiien of 
Brooklyn. 

His birthplace was the parental farm six 



miles from the village of Lewis, in Sussex 
county, Delaware, and the death of his father, 
Stephen Hazzard, in 1831, left him orphaned 
at the age of eight years — he was born April 
8, 1823. The family was large, the income 
very meager, but the mother did the best she 
could for her children, and while she gave 
them no luxuries and little beyond the bare 
necessities of life, she instilled into their minds 
principles of industry, economy, integrity and 
morality, which formed the foundation upon 
which William H. Hazzard builded his worldly 
successes' and his upright character. 

As opportunity offered he attended the dis- 
trict school and with the other boys of the 
household worked on the home farm until 
thirteen years of age, when, in 1836, he went 
to Philadelphia and was apprenticed to learn 
the carpenter's and joiner's trade. He applied 
himself with diligence to the mastery of the 
tasks assigned to him and became a skillful, 
thorough and reliable workman. On attain- 
ing his majority he sought a broader field of 
labor in New York, and in February, 1847, 
became a resident of Brooklyn. For many 
years he was identified with its building opera- 
tions, and there stand as monuments to his 
handiwork many of the largest and most sub- 
stantial structures of the city. He had to 
prove his worth, skill and honesty, however, 
ere the patronage was accorded. One of the 
prominent residents of the city, whose invest- 
ments caused him to have many buildings 
erected, found that he was not receiving full 
value for his money from some of the older 
contractors of Brooklyn, and he resolved to 
test Mr. -Hazzard. He gave him the contract 
for putting up a small building and carefully 
watched him, not only as to workmanship, but 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



377 



also as to the amount of materials used. He felt 
that his confidence was fully justified in the re- 
sult that followed his investigation, and from 
that time forward his contracts for large 
buildings were awarded to Mr. Hazzard. 
Others followed the example of this leading 
business man, and Mr. Hazzard's patronage 
grew to extensive proportions, and with the 
expansion of the city and the development of 
commerce and industry, local business enter- 
prises multiplied and Mr. Hazzard's business 
grew proportionately in magnitude. Leaders 
in the business life of the city began the im- 
provement of the water-front property, and to 
Mr. Hazzard was awarded the contract for the 
erection of the Fulton store, Watson's and 
Harbecks' stores, and the vast emporiums con- 
ducted by the New York Warehousing Com- 
pany and the German-American Company. 
When Do'w's stores were projected in i88g 
the work of construction was entrusted to the 
man who had made such a splendid record on 
less pretentious buildings. The Dow build- 
ings, the largest of the kind in the world at 
that time, had a frontage of one hundred feet, 
a depth of twelve hundred feet and a "height of 
eighty-five feet, and above this rose three high 
towers. Many intricate problems of construc- 
tion had to be considered and mastered, his 
builder's skill, however, working these out sat- 
isfactorily. Some of the finest residences of 
the city were also built by him, and in 1878 
he did a notable piece of work- — the erection 
of the Brighton Beach Hotel in eighty-eight 
days, while later he built the annex in sixty- 
six days. His business grew to such propor- 
tions that he needed the assistance of his son, 
whom he admitted to a partnership under the 
firm name of William Hazzard & Son. His 



last work in connection with the trade which 
he had learned in his boyhood and had fol- 
lowed so successfully through many years of 
his manhood, was the supervision of the laying 
of the foundation of the New York Produce 
Exchange. 

Mr. Hazzard discontinued his building oper- 
ations in 1882, and on the ist of July of that 
year was elected to the presidency of the 
Brooklyn City Railroad Company, adminis- 
tering the affairs of that corporation most 
creditably and acceptably for four years, dur- 
ing which time he traveled quite extensively 
while making investigations with the view of 
changing the motive power from horses to 
electricity. He resigned that position to accept 
the presidency of the Fulton Bank and re- 
mained at the head of that institution from 
1887 until it was merged into the Mechanics' 
Bank, after which he had no active business 
connection, enjoying throughout his remain- 
mg years the retirement from labor which he 
had so justly earned and so richly merited. At 
different times, however, he was called upon 
to act as executor of a number of large estates, 
for which his business skill and integrity well 
qualified him. 

While deeply interested in community af- 
fairs, Mr. Hazzard always preferred to do his 
public duties as a private citizen rather than 
as an official, and while his aid and co-opera- 
tion proved a helpful factor in the promotion 
of many measures for the benefit of the 
borough, he always avoided office, save that 
in the earlier years of his residence here 
he served twice as supervisor and was after- 
ward chosen a n^tmber of the board of 
public works. The nomination came to him 
entirely without his solicitation or knowledge. 



378 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



but the board thereby gained a -well qualified, 
efficient and trustworthy officer. Not long 
afterward, however, the board was legislated 
out of existence, with pay for the unexpired 
term, but with a scrupulous sense of personal 
honor he voluntarily relinquished his right to 
the money and turned it over to the commis- 
sioners of the sinking fund. 

Two years after his arrival in Brooklyn — in 
1848 — Mr. Hazzard married Miss Rhoda T. 
Ward, a daughter of John L. Ward, then a 
well known resident of the borough. Six of 
their children, together with the mother, lie 
buried in Greenwood. In i8gi Mr. Hazzard 
married Miss Elizabeth Rockefeller, and they 
had one son. Mrs. Hazzard still survives her 
husbandj who passed away at his home, 211 
Schermerhorn street, January 24, 1904, in the 
eighty-first year of his age. He had been a 
life-long member of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, and was for twenty-five years 
an active member of the Hanson Place Meth- 
odist church. He always attributed his suc- 
cess in life to his mother, and deHghted in 
thus paying tribute to her devotion and love, 
and yet it required the activity of his manhood 
to ripen and bring to fruition the seeds of in- 
dustry and integrity which she sowed in his 
youthful mind and which made him one of the 
strongest of Brooklyn's citizens — strong to 
plan and to perform, strong in his honor and 
his good name. 



HENRY C. BAUER. 

Henry C. Bauer, who was one of the pioneer 
builders of Brooklyn, and later one of the ex- 
tensive real estate operators and who was 
equally well known and prominent in Demo- 



cratic circles of the city, was born in New 
York, February 28, 1844. His residence in 
Brooklyn covered five years. His early edu- 
cation was acquired in the public schools, and 
when but a boy he learned the carpenter's 
trade, becoming an efficient and skilled work- 
man. In early life he was employed in the 
construction of various buildings in this city, 
and afterward began contracting and building 
on his own account, forming a partnership 
with his brother, Emil C. Bauer, which con- 
nection was continued until 1870. He erected 
many of the homes in the Bushwick section 
of Brooklyn, and became an extensive real es- 
tate owner. Recognizing the advantages that 
might accrue from the development of upper 
Broadway, he built hundreds of houses there, 
and was still the owner of many of these at 
the time of his death. Purchasing property 
from time to time in that locality, he would 
build thereon, and thus he contributed in large 
measure to the improvement of the city. About 
fifteen years prior to his death he retired from 
active connection with building interests in or- 
der to devote his attention to the supervision 
of the property which he had previously pur- 
chased, and he continued his real estate opera- 
tions up to the time of his demise. 

Mr. Bauer married Miss Augusta Stich, a 
representative of one of the old families of 
Brooklyn, and her death occurred about 1892. 
The seven surviving members of the family — 
four sons and three daughters — are Henry C., 
Charles F., Frank G., Alfred, Mrs. M&rgaret 
Lane and Matilda and Augusta Bauer. Dur- 
ing the greater part of his residence in Brook- 
lyn Mr. Bauer made his hom'e in the Williams- 
burg district, and his influence there extended 
to church, social and political activities. In 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



379 



early life he belonged to the Bushwick Ave- 
nue Baptist Church. He was a life member 
of Ridgewood Lodge No. 710, F. & A. M., 
and funeral services were conducted by the 
Masonic fraternity. His interest in politics 
was active, zealous and helpful. He was a 
charter member and one of the organizers of 
the Bushwick Democratic Club and was also 
a m.ember of the Twentieth Assembly District 
Democratic Club, and he put forth every effort 
in his power to advance the cause of the party. 



OTHNIEL FOSTER NICHOLS. 

Othniel Foster Nichols, chief engineer of 
the Department of Bridges for the city of New 
York, whose name has been for many years 
prominently identified with great engineering 
enterprises, stands in the forefront of his pro- 
fession in this country. As assistant engineer 
in charge, the recent completion of the great 
Williamsburg bridge couples his name with 
one of the greatest feats of engineering of the 
age. 

He was born at Newport, Rhode Island, July 
29, 1845, of Welsh descent, and New England 
ancestry of Pilgrim origin. The American 
progenitor of the family was Sergeant Thomas 
Nichols, who emigrated from Wales by the 
way of the island of Barbadoes, where he tar- 
ried a short time, subsequently coming to 
Newport, Rhode Island, in 1660. The name 
became prominent in the early settlement and 
colonial history of New England, two of his 
descendants having served as deputy govern- 
ors of the Rhode Island colony. His father 
was Thomas Pitman Nichols, and his mother 
was Lydia Foster, who was a descendant of 
John Foster, of Salem, Massachusetts, who 



had settled in Rhode Island early in the seven- 
teenth century. 

Mr. Nichols has resided in Brooklyn since 
childhood, and attended the public schools 
there. He left school to learn the trade of ma- 
chinist, but, realizing the advantage of a 
broader foundation for the successful pursuit 




of mechanics, he entered the Rennselaer Poly- 
technic Institute, graduating therefrom in 
1868 with the degree of civil engineer. His 
rise in the profession was rapid from the start. 
He at once became employed on the construc- 
tion of Prospect Park, Brooklyn, and later, as 
assistant engineer in the offices of Cooper & 
Hewitt, Manhattan, and had charge, in 1869 
and 1870, of the construction of the first ele- 
vated railroad in Manhattan. During the 



380 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



same time he taught mathematics in the night 
schools at Cooper Union. He went to South 
America in 1871, and for the ensuing four 
years had charge of the location and construc- 
tion of tunnel divisions of the Oroya and the 
Chimbote Railroads in Peru. He returned to 
the United States in 1876, and as assistant en- 
gineer and superintendent had charge of the 
construction of a section of the Metropolitan 
Railroad in New York city. He was subse- 
quently employed by the Park Department as 
engineer in charge of construction of sewer- 
age systems in the annexed districts of New 
York city. In 1878 he went to Brazil as resi- 
dent engineer and attorney for the Madeira 
& Mamore Railroad, which was controlled by 
an English syndicate, representing large inter- 
ests, where he remained imtil 1879, when he 
returned and became connected as engineer 
with the New Jersey Steel and Iron Company, 
at Trenton, New Jersey, and later with the 
Peter Cooper Glue Factory as assistant super- 
intendent, in Brooklyn. He was appointed 
resident engineer of the Henderson bridge 
over the Ohio River in 1882, and chief engi- 
neer of the Westerly Water Works, Rhode 
Island, in 1886; this position he resigned to 
become principal assistant engineer of the Su- 
burban Rapid Transit Company of New York 
city. He remained in that position up to 1888, 
when he was appointed chief engineer of the 
Brooklyn Elevated Railroad, to which duties 
were added those of general manager in 1892. 
In 1896 he was selected by Mr. L. L. Buck 
and confirmed by the bridge commission for 
the position of first assistant engineer in the 
construction of the new East River bridge. 
This magnificent structure, from its inception, 
commanded the attention of the engineering 



world, and, surpassing, from an engineering 
standpoint, the great Brooklyn bridge, repre- 
sents without a doubt the greatest feat of sus- 
pension bridge construction in the history of 
the engineering world. A just recognition of 
his services on that great work was his ap- 
pointment to his present high position. His 
fidehty to his own ideals was shown in his 
courageous presentment to the board of alder- 
men of the city of New York, setting forth the 
folly of what he characterized as a "colossal 
experiment" on the part of his superior, Mr. 
Lindenthal, in his effort to substitute eye-bar 
chains for wire cables on the Manhattan bridge. 
As nothing of the kind had ever before been 
attempted, he held that such an innovation, 
entailing upon the city an additional expense 
of over three million dollars, was too' costly 
an experiment, and attacked the plan vigor- 
ously, to the evident displeasure . of his su- 
perior. After the subject had been thoroughly 
aired in the press and the clouds had cleared 
away, when the administration of 1904 was 
inaugurated, all interest was centered in Mr. 
Nichols as the only logical and most capable 
man for the important position of chief engi- 
neer of the Department of Bridges -for the city 
of New York, and his appointment to his pres- 
ent office is a splendid endorsement of all Mr. 
Nichols's contentions. 

Mr. Nichols has been a frequent contrib- 
utor to various scientific journals on engineer- 
ing subjects, keeping thoroughly abreast with 
the wonderful strides in his profession, and, 
though not given to rash innovations, is a man 
of advanced thought and a thorough student 
of the science of engineering. He is a prom- 
inent member of the American Society of 
Civil Engineers ; the American Society of Me- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



381 



chanical Engineers; the Institution of Civil 
Engineers; a fellow of the American Geog- 
raphical Society; and a member of the Engi- 
neers' Club of New York city, of which he is 
a trustee, and he is also president of the Brook- 
lyn Engineers' Club. 

Mr. Nichols was married November 21, 
1876, to Miss Jennie Swasey, a daughter of 
Hon. Samuel Sterne, judge of the court of 
probate of Newport, Rhode Island. 



WILLIAM A. MUNDELL. 

William' A. Mundell, the monument of 
whose life work is found in many of the finest 
buiktings of Brooklyn, of which he was the 
architect, was born in this borough ifi 1844, 
a son of Jeremiah Mundell, and acquired his 
early education in public school No. i. In his 
youth he became interested in architecture and 
determined to devote his life to that as a pro- 
fession. He completed his preparatory train- 
ing in private institutions and in the office of 
Kennan Teckritz, with whom he entered into 
partnership in 1866. From the beginning of 
his business career his interest has centered 
in public buildings and works of that charac- 
ter', and with many of these in Brooklyn his 
name is associated as the designer and archi- 
tect. Among the leading structures erected 
from plans which he made are the Hall of 
Records, the Twenty-third, Fourteenth and 
Thirty-second Regiment armories, the How- 
ard Orphan Asylum, the Alms House at Flat- 
bush, the Popenhusen Institute, the Raymond 
Street Jail, the Pouch Mansion and many other 
prominent Brooklyn landmarks. 

Mr. Mundell's widow is still living. They 
had a son and three daughters. The fam- 



ily home is located in the section of the 
city known as the Hill, and has long been a 
favorite resort with the many friends of the 
family. Mr. Mundell was always popular 
socially, having the genial kindly nature which 
easily wins friendships, while his genuine 
worth enabled him to retain the high regard 
and good will oi those with whom he came in 
contact. Reared in the faith of the Methodist 
church, he was closely associated with the 
Washington Street Methodist Church, contrib- 
uting generously to its support and laboring 
zealously for its upbuilding and the extention 
of its influence. 



WILSON & MORGAN. 

The building firm of Wilson & Morgan is 
justly famed for its great accomplishments in 
the development and upbuilding of Park Slope, 
the most beautiful residential section of the 
boroitgh of Brooklyn, and their mfechanical 
skill and btisiness sagacity is affirmed by the 
presence there of many of its most valuable 
and ornamental homes. 

The firm comprises John Wilson and Rob- 
ert Morgan, both natives of Scotland, and 
marked with the sterling traits of character 
which belong to their race. They came into 
association with each other in the building 
trade in 1897, 3^"^ the relationship has been 
pleasantly and profitably maintained to the 
present time. They began operations in the 
twenty-fourth ward, and on the Lefferts es- 
tate in Flatbush, where they erected about a 
score of private residences and apartment 
houses, adding greatly to the value and desira- 
bility of that section of the borough. They 
subsequently bought and built upon property 



382 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



on Park Slope, at the corner of Sixth avenue 
and Seventh street, where they erected three 
houses and, shortly afterward, two on Twelfth 
street and Ninth avenue. In 1893-94 they 
built up the block on Eighth avenue, from 
Ninth to Eighth streets, with residences of a 
better class, consisting of four stories with 
basement, and one of the most commodious, 
best appointed and attractive apartment houses 
in the borough. The members of the firm are 
practical mechanics as well as experienced 
overseeing builders, and have given their per- 
sonal direction and oversight to the work of 
construction at its every stage. They both 
learned house carpentering in Scotland, after 
the thorough manner of that country, serving 
long-term apprenticeships, and their work nat- 
urally made them almost as familiar with stone 
and brick work as with their own trades. 

Mr. Wilson was born in Aberdeen, Scot- 
land, in i860, and came to the United States 
the year after attaining his majority. He 
worked at his trade in New York city until 
1897, when he located in Brooklyn, and en- 
tered upon his career as a builder, in associa- 
tion with Mr. Morgan, as before stated. He 
is a man of family, and makes his home at 546 
Fourteenth street. 

Mr. Morgan, who is unmarried, came from 
Scotland, also with his trade well learned, 
about the same time as did Mr. Wilson. Both 
are members of the Builders' Association of 
Brooklyn. 



CHAUNCEY G. COZINE. 

Among the active and prominent builders 
of Brooklyn, New York, whose operations have 
been conducted principally in the East New 



York section of the borough, is Chauncey G. 
Cozine, who was born January 18, 1874, in 
the borough in which he now resides, a son of 
John G. and Emma E. (Garrett) Cozine. John 
G. Cozine (father) was also a native of Brook- 
lyn, the date of his birth being January 12, 
1850, and that of his death April 12, 1891. 
He was a builder by occupation, cofiducting 
operations in partnership with James Gas- 
coine for fifteen years, and during this period 
of time erected over one thousand houses, 
which stand as monuments to their practical 
skill and ability. John G. Cozine and his wife 
resided in Williamsburg, and were the parents 
of one son, Chauncey G. Cozine. 

Chauncey G. Cozine is indebted to the pub- 
lic school system of Brooklyn for th6" educa- 
tional advantages he enjoyed, and after lay- 
ing aside his school books he devoted his at- 
tention to the same line of work as followed 
by his father, building, and since then has 
taken his place among those who have gained 
a reputation for good workmanship and honor- 
able business transactions. His first enter- 
prise was the erection of twelve four-story 
dwellings — with corner stores — on Euclid 
avenue, between Ridgewood and Etna streets, 
and later he erected four four-story brick 
houses, suitable for twenty-eight families. 
He is actively interested in all that concerns 
the welfare of his city, and is in every way a 
public-spirited citizen. 

In 1896 he was united in marriage to EHiza- 
beth Hadley, and the issue of this union was 
two children : Beatrice, born August 21, 1898,. 
and Chauncey G., Jr., born January 24, 1902. 
The family reside in a comfortable home at 
No. 364 Macon street, Brooklyn. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



383 



WILLIAM HEROD. 

William Herod, well known as an enterpris- 
ing and successful speculative builder, was a 
contractor and builder for a number of years 
before engaging in the larger affairs which 
have of late occupied his attention. During 
the past twenty years he has been a leader in 
the development of that section of the city of 
Brooklyn in which he lives. His remarkable 
industry is evidenced in the large number of 
buildings to his credit, some two hundred. His 
operations have largely been on Sterling 
Place, Park Place, Prospect Place, Atlantic 
avenue, St. Mark's, Albany, Ti-oy and New 
York avenues — a section which is rapidly be- 
coming one of the most attractive and desira- 
ble in the city for residential purposes. 

Mr. Herod was born May 27, 1847, i"^ the 
village of East Bridgeford, Nottinghamshire, 
England, where he obtained his education. 
In 1870, at the age of twenty-three, he came 
to the United States. A practical mechanic, 
he worked at his trade for a time, husbanding 
his means, and fitting himself for a career 
which was destined to be advantageous to the 
community as well as to himself. About 1880 
he engaged in building on his own account, his 
first large venture being the erection, on Pros- 
pect Place, near Albany avenue, of six houses, 
two of brick and four of frame, two stories in 
height, and with basement. He next built on 
St. Mark's avenue and Rogers avenue four 
residences, three stories and basement, these 
with brownstone fronts, in elegance of ap- 
pearance and .solidity of construction, mark- 
ing, a mitch advanced step in residential prop- 
erty in that part of the city. He then built 
on Atlantic avenue, near Albany avenue, four 



one-family dwellings, these being of two 
stories and basement. On Prospect Place, be- 
tween Troy and Schenectady avenues, he built 
ten one-family houses, of three stories and 
basement, and of a better class than those be- 
fore mentioned. He then erected on Sterling 
Place, between Albany and Troy avenues, on 
both sides of the street, blocks of dwellings 
of two stories and basement, and nineteen of 
the same description on Park Place, between 
Albany and Troy avenues. In the present 
year (1904) he has built on the corner of Troy 
avenue and St. John's Place, six two-family 
dwellings, of brick and stone, two stories with 
basement. In East New York he has recently 
erected, on Barby street, seventeen two-story 
dwellings suitable for two families. 

This by no means exhausts the list of Mr. 
Herod's accomplishments, but serves to show 
his activity and the highly useful part he has 
taken in the building up of the city, certifying 
to his recognized position among those whose 
labors are of enduring value, and wholly ad- 
vantageous, however indirectly, to the entire 
comjnunity. 

Mr. Herod's position in his profession is at- 
tested by his high standing in the Builders' 
Association of Brooklyn. He was one of the 
charter members of that body, and is a mem- 
ber of its arbitration committee. His politi- 
cal affiliations are with the Republican party, 
but he has never been desirous of public dis- 
tinction, a'nd he has never been a candidate for 
office. Of domestic tastes, his highest enjoy- 
ment is found in his home. 

Mr. Herod was married in Brooklyn to Miss 
Josephine Stephens. The children born of 
this marriage are Amelia, Mary Jane and Will- 
iam. 



384 



HISTORY OI? LONG ISLAND. 



ALFRED HAMILTON. 

Alfred Hamilton, president of the South 
Brooklyn Company, whose investment in un- 
improved property and construction of mod- 
ern residences and apartments has led to the 
substantial development and material progress 
of the city, has thus been identified with build- 
ing operations for thirteen years. He was 
for some time associated in this line of busi- 
ness activity with his brother, Charles Hamil- 
ton, and prior to that time they were partners 
in the steamboat and barge business on the 
river and bay. They prospered in that under- 
taking, in which they continued until 1891, 
when, feeling that they would have a broader 
scope for their expanding business powers and 
for the profitable investment of capital, they 
sold their steamboat business and began specu- 
lative building. 

In 1892, having purchased a lot on Fifty- 
second street, between Fourth and Fifth ave- 
nues, they built a frame house thereon. Their 
second step in this direction was the construc- 
tion O'f five brownstone houses on Fifty-fourth 
street, between Fourth and Fifth avenues, 
these being two and three stories in height. 
On these occasions they garnered the just 
recompense of their labor, and encouraged by 
their success were led to further investment 
in lots and the further improvement of prop- 
erty. Their building operations have also 
grown in volume and importance. They built 
seven houses on Fifty-second street, between 
Second and Third avenues, these being frame 
structures, and since that time they have con- 
fined their attention to brick and stone con- 
struction, building twenty brick houses on 
Forty-fifth street, between Second and Third 



avenues, these being two-family buildings; on 
Forty-sixth street a row of seven two-family 
houses, two stories and basement ; on Fifty- 
fifth street, between Fourth and Fifth ave- 
nues, twenty-one two-story brick houses ; on 
Forty-first street, between Fourth and Fifth 
avenues, ten brick houses, two story and base- 
ment ; a row on Fifth avenue, between Forty- 
ninth and Fiftieth streets, of ten buildings, 
containing stores and fiats ; on Fiftieth street, 
between Fourth and Fifth avenue, forty 
brownstone houses ; on Fifty-second street, be- 
tween Fifth and Sixth avenue, ten brick build- 
ings, with accommodations for two families ; 
on Fifty-ninth street, between Fourth and 
Sixth avenues, twenty-eight two-family build- 
ings, two-story and basement ; and many 
others. Mr. Hamilton was associated with 
his brother from the time that he entered 
building circles until the latter's death, in July, 
1903. Later the South Brooklyn Company 
was organized, with Mr. Hamilton as presi- 
dent, and has since continued in successful op- 
eration in building lines for tlie purpose of 
speculation. The operations of the firm of 
Hamilton Brothers and of the South Brooklyn 
Company have been largely confined to the 
district between Forty-first and Fifty-ninth 
streets and Second and Sixth avenues, and 
Mr. Hamilton and his business associates have 
been the leading speculative builders of that 
section of the borougli. He built, in the fall 
oi 1904 and spring of 1905, seventeen two- 
family brick houses on Forty-fifth, between 
Second and Third avenues. 

The South Brooklyn Realty Company, or- 
ganized in 1904, is now building on Fifty- 
fourth street, between Fifth and Sixth ave- 
nues, ten two-family houses, each two-story 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



387 



and basement. The materials used in con- 
struction are brick and stone. The company 
also has purchased a number of other excel- 
lent building sites, including lots on Sixth 
avenue and Bay Ridge, and on these they will 
soon build. The partners are Alfred Hamil- 
ton, D. T. Hislep and E. T. Salisbury. 

Charles Hamilton was married and had the 
following children — Lumma. Bond, Ella, 
Charles E., Alfred, Frank and Hazel. He 
was a man of even temperament and quiet 
disposition and enjoyed to the full the con- 
fidence of the business community. He was 
a Democrat in politics and belonged to Day 
Star Lodge, A. F. & A. M., the Royal Arca- 
num and the Order of Druids. 

Alfred Hamilton is also married, having 
wedded Anna Davis, of Brooklyn, and they 
have two children: Mabel and Elizabeth. 
Their home is at No. 448 Fifty-fifth street. He 
gives his political support to the Democracy, 
and is a prominent member of the Royal Ar- 
canum, serving for twO' years as the chief 
officer in Adirondack Council, while for the 
past two years he has been district deputy 
grand regent. As a Mason he is connected 
with Orion Lodge No. 717, A. F. & A. M., 
of Brooklyn ; Caldene Chapter, R. A. M. ; and 
Damascus Commandery, K. T. Along busi- 
ness lines his membership associations are 
with the West End Board of Trade and the 
Speculative Builders' Association. He gives 
close and unremitting attention to his busi- 
ness, both in principle and detail, and his suc- 
cess, from the beginning of his connection with 
building operations in Brooklyn, has been uni- 
form and rapid. Although the years have 
brought changes in property valuations, his in- 
vestments have been so carefully and wisely 



made that his sales have always yielded profit, 
and to-day he- iS enjoying the fruit of unre- 
mitting diligence and capable management, 
while his position in business circles is indeed 
enviable. 



GEORGE W. PIPE. 

In business life suctess depends so entirely 
upon individual merit that when one has at- 
tained a position of prominence, as has George 
W. Pipe, builder, of Brooklyn, New York, it 
is an unmistakable evidence of ability, natural 
and acquired. He was born in Brooklyn, No- 
vember 19, 1849, 3- son of William, a native 
of England, whence he came to the United 
States, locating in Brooklyn, New York, at a 
very early day, and Sarah (Ringgold) Pipe, 
a native of Brooklyn, in which borough she has 
always resided. 

George W. Pipe acquired a practical educa- 
tion which prepared him for the activities Of 
life in the public schools adjacent to his home, 
and at the early age of twelve years was em- 
ployed in a Bible house in New York city. 
Later he decided to test the business oppor- 
tunities of the western section of the country 
and accordingly went to Indiana, locating in 
the city of Bedford, where he resided for five 
years. At the expiration of this period of time 
he returned to Brooklyn, his native city, a,nd 
served an apprenticeship at .the trade of car- 
penter with the firm of Morris & Selover, of 
Brooklyn, with whom he later served as jour- 
neyman for four years. For several years 
following this he was employed in different 
shops, and finally, in 1884, engaged in busi- 
ness for himself at No. 15 10 Fulton street, 
Brooklyn, where he has continued ever since. 



388 



HiStofeY oP Long island. 



He has a force of from fifteen to twenty men, 
who are constantly employed in attending to 
the demands of a large and constantly increas- 
ing trade. His wOrk consists principally in 
putting in new fronts to houses, repairing of 
all kinds, and, in fact, everything pertaining 
to a first-class jobbing trade. Mr. Pipe enjoys 
the confidence of all who have had business 
deahngs with him, and is meeting with suc- 
cess in his chosen vocation. 

Mr. Pipe was united in marriage to Alice 
L. Cunningham, who- was born in Brooklyn, 
New York, November i6, i860, and their 
family consists of four children, namely: 
Alice D., born December 22, 1878; Laura F., 
born in 1879; Anna M., born February 6, 
1881 ; and Lois A. Pipe, born March 19, 1895. 



JOHN ASSIP. 

John Assip, whose success in speculative 
building is the logical sequence of his entire 
business career, in his young manhood began 
learning the mason's trade and later followed 
contracting and building, entering upon his 
present field of labor about 1882. He had the 
prescience to discern what the future had in 
store for this growing borough, and by careful 
investment and later building operations, was 
enabled to meet the demands of the time for 
residence property. He learned the mason's 
trade in Brooklyn in early life, gaining thor- 
ough knowledge of the work, and after serv- 
ing for some time in the employ of others he 
began contracting on his own accoimt in 1876. 
He then continued in the active construction 
of buildings in Brooklyn until he began build- 
ing as a means of speculation, and during that 
time he erected a number of important struc- 



tures in the city. One of the best plans which 
he executed after determining to engage in 
the jDurchase, improvement and sale of prop- 
erty was the erection of three houses on Hoyt 
street near Sackett. These were tenement 
houses which were capable of accommodating 
eight families. His success in this venture 
prompted him to further activity as a specu- 
lative builder, and he erected five such build- 
ings on Ninth street and five on Tenth street, 
between Fourth and Fifth avenues. The Ninth 
street apartment house was three stories in 
height with a corner store, and the tenth 
street building contained four private houses 
and one corner store, the building material 
being brick. He afterward erected on Sixth 
avenue, between President and Carroll streets, 
five houses of brownstone, and at the time of 
construction they were among the best on the 
hill. They were built in 1885, being private 
homes, three stories and basement. Mr. As- 
sip later built, on Fifth avenue, between Pres- 
ident and Carroll streets, a block containing 
stores and flats, and then for a number of 
years continued his building operations large- 
ly on Fifth avenue, between Bergen and Third 
streets, probably erecting fifty houses, stone 
structures containing good apartments. 

He then changed the scenes of his labors to 
President and Henry streets, where he built 
seven apartment houses. He also built one 
on Carroll and another on President, and 
this work was followed by the construction 
of five private houses three stories and base- 
ment, built of brownstone, on Tenth street, 
between Eighth and Ninth avenues. He also 
built on Fifteenth street and Ninth avenue 
and on Prospect Park West. The charac- 
ter of his building operations has continually 



History of long island. 



38$ 



improved until he has erected some very 
fine structures, including the Park Circle 
Hotel on Sixteenth street, between Ninth 
and Tenth avenues; eleven three-story flat 
houses of brick and stone, and behind them, 
on Windsor Place, eleven two-story houses 
with accommodations for ten families each. 
On Third avenue and Fifty-sixth street he 
built four houses, being four-story double 
apartments ; on Seventy-fifth street, between 
Third and Fourth avenues, five two-story 
houses ; on Eighth avenue, between Garfield 
and First street, four three-story apartments, 
all high class, together with other buildings. 

The history of the building operations in 
Brooklyn is an index to the growth, prosper- 
ity and material improvement of the city, and 
because of his chosen field of labor Mr. Assip 
has contributed to the general welfare as well 
as to individual prosperity. He was at one 
time a partner of T. J. Buckley, the relation be- 
ing maintained until about five or six years 
ago. Mr. Assip is a practical builder, having 
a wide knowledge of this industrial art, and 
few men of the city are better informed con- 
cerning the location and value of