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Full text of "A Scot's dialect dictionary, comprising the words in use from the latter part of the seventeenth century to the present day"

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Scot's dialect dictions 





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DIALECT MAP OF SCOTLAND 

(Adapted from Ellis, Early English Pronunciation, Vol. V.) 




S.E.B. Scottish and English Border. 
(1) S.L. South Lowland. 

(2a) E.M.L. Eastern Mid Lowland. 
(2ft) w.M.L. Western Mid Lowland. 
(2c) s.M.L. Southern Mid Lowland. 
(2d) N.M.L. Northern Mid Lowland. 



(3?\ s.N.L. Southern North Lowland. 
(3A.) M.N.L. Mid North Lowland 
>a C \ "-N-L. Northern North Lowland. 
ml S - r \" Southern Insular Lowland. 
1 ' N ' h h Nort >><™ Insular Lowland, 
C.B. Celtic Border, 



A SCOTS DIALECT 
DICTIONARY a,-™*™ 

THE WORDS IN USE FROM THE LATTER 
PART OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY 
TO THE PRESENT DAY 

COMPILED BY 

ALEXANDER WARRACK, M.A. 

MINISTER EMERITUS OF THE UNITED FREE 
CHURCH OF SCOTLAND AT LESWALT 

WITH AN INTRODUCTION AND A DIALECT MAP BY 

WILLIAM GRANT, M.A. 

LECTURER IN PHONETICS TO THE ABERDEEN PROVINCIAL COMMITTEE 

FOR THE TRAINING OF TEACHERS, AND CONVENER OF THE 

SCOTTISH BRANCH OF THE ENGLISH ASSOCIATION 




LONDON : 38 Soho Square, W. 

W. & R. CHAMBERS, LIMITED 

EDINBURGH : 339 High Street 
1911 

fs 




'V*w.„ 



Edinburgh : 
Printed by W. & R. Chambers, Limited. 



TO 

WILLIAM ALEXANDER CRAIGIE, 

M.A., LL.D., 

ONE OF THE EDITORS OF THE OXFORD 

ENGLISH DICTIONARY, AND LECTURER 

ON SCANDINAVIAN IN THE UNIVERSITY 

OF OXFORD, THIS SCOTS DICTIONARY, 

WHICH OWES VERY MUCH TO HIS 

EXPERIENCE AND COUNSEL, IS 

THANKFULLY DEDICATED 

BY HIS FRIEND, 

THE EDITOR 



CHAMBERS'S 
NEW LARGE TYPE 

ENGLISH DICTIONARY 

EDITED BY 

Rev. THOMAS DAVIDSON. 

Pronouncing, Explanatory, Etymological. 
1264 pages Imp. 8vo, cloth, 12/6; hf.-mor., 18/- 

" The best one volume dictionary in existence." 

" A miracle of scholarship and cheapness combined." 

CHAMBEES'S 

TWENTIETH CENTURY DICTIONARY 

OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. 

Edited by the Rev. THOMAS DAVIDSON. 

1220 Pages, Demy 8vo. Price 3/6. 

W. & R. Chambers, Limited, London and Edinburgh. 



PREFACE. 



This Scottish Dictionary is intended to deal with what should interest all 
Scotsmen at home and abroad, as well as foreign students of later Scottish 
literature. It is designed to serve as a Dictionary or a Vocabulary, not of Early 
or of Middle Scottish, but of Modern Scottish alone, with a few exceptions. The 
period covered by it stretches from the latter part of the Seventeenth Century to 
the beginning of the Twentieth. The exceptions are such words as have survived 
the transition period between Middle and Modern Scottish, and are found in the 
latter in their original, or in a modified form. It contains also English literary 
words which have had, or which now have, a dialect meaning in Scottish. It 
includes also some phrases necessary for bringing out the meaning of certain 
dialect words. Those who wish to learn how rich the Scottish dialect is in terse, 
pithy, comprehensive phrases, should consult Professor Wright's English Dialect 
Dictionary, where they are given in abundance. 

In the present work the words are drawn from a great variety of sources. 
There have been read and ransacked very many volumes of various characters 
and dates, such as Dictionaries and Glossaries; 'Kailyard' Novels; Poetry, 
specially of the minor bards ; Humorous Readings ; Dialect Stories in Newspapers 
and Magazines ; books on Coinage, Agriculture, Social and Domestic Life, 
Manners and Customs, Memoirs, Games, Travels, as well as of Scots Law, 
History, and old Theology. Correspondence also has contributed a large quota. 

The words are drawn from every county of Scotland, from some counties more 
largely than others, according to the local sources available. As regards Orkney 
and Shetland, however, it has been thought right to exclude, with several excep- 
tions, such words in use there as are of purely Scandinavian origin, these not being 
properly Scottish dialect. 

There are certain things which this Dictionary does not profess to do, and which 
it is well to state distinctly. 

No attempt has been made to indicate the locality or geographical limits within 
which dialect words are used. The record of these words, printed or spoken, is 
at present far too incomplete for such an attempt to be successful in point of 
accuracy. A word, also, which one knows as purely local, or confined to one 
part of the country, may turn out to be used in a different or distant district 
unknown to him. Besides, a writer or speaker of what may be called his peculiar 



vi PREFACE. 

or county dialect, who does not always find, perhaps, a local word to express his 
meaning exactly, will fall back on the common dialect of Scotland for a suitable 
word. In such a case it would be a mistake to regard this selected word, and 
mark it in a Dictionary, as a peculiarly local word, because it occurs in a particular 
dialect book. 

Nor does this Dictionary give Etymologies. Some may miss these, and regret 
their absence. They are purposely left out. Dialect Etymology is a dangerous 
and treacherous territory, to be entered on even by an expert philologer with 
fear and trembling. No one can venture on it without being often challenged for 
the correctness of his derivations, and exposed to adverse criticism from those who 
may not have competent knowledge. Besides, Etymologies would be of little 
or no value to ordinary users of a popular Dictionary like this, and might only 
perplex and confuse them. All that is done here is to mark with a 'dagger' [f] 
some words that seem to be, not of immediate Scottish parentage, but imported 
from abroad. The words thus marked may perhaps serve to test the ingenuity 
and linguistic knowledge of such persons as are desirous of Etymologies. 

With regard to cross-references, an effort has been made to save the trouble 
of turning to words so referred to in another part of the Dictionary, by giving 
one or more, and, in some cases, most of the meanings under the word that is 
referred. The cross-references are generally made to the principal form of the 
word, sometimes also to a synonym. They are rather numerous, because it is 
sought to record all the known different forms, as far as possible, in which a word 
occurs. This is done in order to give approximately a guide to its pronunciation 
or spelling in the different districts in which it was or is used. It should, how- 
ever, be borne in mind that in many printed books in which dialect is used there 
is no authoritative standard of pronunciation or spelling, but each writer is a law 
unto himself, and prints a word as he thinks it should be printed to express as 
nearly as may be his own pronunciation of it. 

I cannot but say that I am under very great and special obligation to Professor 
Wright's English Dialect Dictionary, to which, during the ten years occupied in 
its production, I contributed over two hundred thousand quotations of Scottish 
dialect words with their readings, besides reading the proofs. I owe also much 
to the modern words in Dr Jamieson's Scottish Dictionary. These two great 
works, especially the former, are indispensable to any one who would compile a 
small and concise Dictionary of Scottish dialect for popular use. 

To Dr W. A. Craigie, one of the Editors of the Oxford English Dictionary, I 
am very greatly indebted for the first suggestion which led to the compilation of 
the present work. Some years ago he pointed out to me that a concise Dictionary 
of what may be called standard literary Scottish would be a useful book of refer- 
ence not only for native, but also for foreign students of later Scottish literature. 



PREFACE. vii 

On acting on his suggestion that I should undertake the preparation of such a 
book, and on setting to work, I found that it would be possible, within reasonable 
limits, to include the whole Vocabulary of the modern language so far as this has 
been recorded. In this way the difficulties of arbitrary selection have been 
avoided, with the gain of greater comprehensiveness, and, I trust, consequent 
usefulness. I have also profited very much by many and various suggestions from 
Dr Craigie in the subsequent course of the work, which thus owes a very great 
deal to him both for its inception and for its completion. When in any uncer- 
tainty or difficulty it was a great matter to know that I had him, with all his 
knowledge and experience, to fall back upon. I thank him most warmly for all 
the help he has given me from first to last in compiling this Dictionary, which 
I gratefully dedicate to him. 

The Introduction and the Dialect Map by Mr Grant I owe to the zeal for the 
Scottish vernacular shown by him as Convener of the Scottish branch of the 
English Association. His professional knowledge and experience as Lecturer in 
Phonetics to the Aberdeen Provincial Committee for the Training of Teachers 
render him exceptionally fitted to deal with the subjects handled in the Introduc- 
tion and to draw the map showing the distribution of the dialects. These subjects 
are in brief as follows : (i) A short history of Scottish, showing its original identity 
with Northern English ; its use as a literary language down to about 1600 ; its 
decline during the seventeenth century ; and the revival of a vernacular literature 
about 1700. (2) The separation into dialects ; the distribution of these so far as 
at present known ; their leading characteristics ; and the extent to which they 
have been used in literature. (3) The pronunciation of Scottish, with special 
reference to the literary forms and the usual spelling. (4) The present state of 
studies in Scottish ; and the efforts to record the existing dialects. 

I have also received from Mr Grant two large lists of words, which have been 
incorporated in the Appendix as far as was needful. 

The readiness with which Mr Grant undertook to comply with my request that 
he should write the Introduction on these lines, and his accomplishment of his 
voluntary contribution to the usefulness of this book, lay me and — may I say? — all 
who use this book, under very great obligation. I trust that its publication may 
help to further the purpose to which he is devoting so much energy — the purpose of 
ultimately gathering all available material over Scotland for a thoroughly scientific 
Dictionary comprehending all Scottish, Early, Middle, and Modern, so far as this 
is possible. Further contributions of words not found in this or any other Dialect 
Dictionary will be gratefully welcomed if sent to Mr Grant or to myself. All such 
words should be vouched for by the senders, with the exact meaning, the locality 
in which they are used, and an indication of the pronunciation. 

It gives me very special pleasure to acknowledge the ready and valuable help 



viii PREFACE. 

ungrudgingly given to me by Mr James Alexander, postman, Ythanwells, Aberdeen- 
shire. A large number of words in this book are taken from his 'Rural Talk' and 
other articles of his printed for many years back in the Aberdeen Weekly Free 
Press. I have got from him also not a few words by correspondence ; and he 
has most generously put into my hands a MS. collection of local words which he 
has made in recent years. Mr Alexander is deeply interested in the dialect of 
his native district, and knows it as few do, having peculiar facilities in his daily 
rounds for hearing and recording the vernacular. 

To Mr D. B. Nicholson, M.A., of Perth Academy, I am indebted for a large 
number of Caithness words. 

The Rev. George Williams, of the United Free Church, Thornhill, Perthshire, 
has rendered me invaluable help, furnishing me with many words and their 
meanings, and giving me the benefit of his wide knowledge of Scottish dialect, 
particularly of the central and north-eastern counties. To him, and to others who 
have corresponded with me, I owe my thanks. 

I may not forget in my thanksgiving the Curators of the Bodleian, and also the 
Curators of the Taylor Institution, for the ready access granted me by them to such 
books in their respective libraries as I required to consult. To the Publishers of 
this Dictionary, and to Dr David Patrick, editor of their Encyclopaedia, I tender 
my thanks for the great interest they have shown in its publication, the pains they 
have taken in its printing, and the form in which they have sent it forth. 

In order to have the book as complete as possible and up to date, there has 
been added an Appendix of those words which came to hand too late for insertion 
in the final proofs. 

May the book, even with its inevitable imperfections, as it has been begun and 
finished for 'puir auld Scotland's sake,' help to revive and stimulate a genuine 
patriotic interest in her vernacular, and to arrest within her borders the decay of 
the knowledge, use, and love of that vernacular. 

ALEXANDER WARRACK. 

Oxford, January 191 1. 



INTRODUCTION. 



The Angles were one of the Teutonic tribes that invaded Britain in the fifth 
and sixth centuries of our era. They settled along the eastern seaboard, and for 

a time were able to establish something like a political unity between the 
Angles Humber and the Forth. Such was the prestige of the Anglian name 
and that the terms 'England 1 and 'English' came to signify in politics and 

Anglian, literature the ideal unity of the Teutonic people in South Britain. In the 

eighth century Anglian learning and culture were famed throughout 
Europe, and Caedmon, the poet, and Bede, the historian, are names that still 
recall to the modern Englishman the ancient glory of the race. Internal dissension 
and the fierce onslaught of the Danes overthrew this early English state in the 
end of the eighth century, and swept away nearly every trace of its literature. 
The West Saxon kingdom succeeded to its political influence, and West Saxon 
writers in a long series of literary works give us a perfect picture of their own 
language. But the old Anglian speech is known directly to us only by the runic 
inscriptions of the Bewcastle and Ruthwell crosses, the death-bed verses of Bede, 
and a fragment of Casdmon. Until the thirteenth century we get only some scanty 
glimpses of the language in a few glosses of Latin ecclesiastical works, in some 
charters, and in the laws of the four boroughs, Berewic, Rokisburg, Edinburg, and 
Strevelin. About the year 1275 appeared a work called Cursor Mundi, whose 
author lived near Durham. Early in the fourteenth century Richard Hampole 
wrote The Pricke of Conscience, near Doncaster in Yorkshire ; and towards 1375 
John Barbour, Archdeacon of St Machar, Aberdeen, produced his great epic of 
The Brus. In these three works the language is identical, and it is the same 
dialect into which the Latin laws of the early Scottish kings were translated in 
the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. It is quite different from the language used 
in contemporary literature in the middle and south of England ; and even with 
the scanty relics that we have of an older period, we can say that the tongue of 
Barbour and of Hampole, of Aberdeen and York, is the lineal descendant of the 
speech of Bede and Caedmon. 

Up till the beginning of the sixteenth century, the Scots called their language 
Inglis, which is the northern form of the primitive 'Angelisc' Con- 
' temporary literature makes this quite clear. Barbour {Brus iv., 252), in 
translating a Latin sentence, says : 

Rex met in bello, tumulique carebit honore. 
This wes the spek he maid perfay 
And is in Inglis for to say : 



x INTRODUCTION. 

The King sail fall in the fichting 
And sail fale honor of erding. * 

Gawin Douglas (c. 1475-1522) is the first writer of importance to use 'Scottis' 
as a term for his ' tongue materne.' Yet Lyndsay in his panegyric on Douglas 
writes : 

Allace for one quhilk lamp wes of this land 

Of eloquence the flowand balmy strand 

And in our Inglis Rethorik the rose. * 

A glance at history will explain this curious mixture of names. The original 
Scots belonged to the Goidelic branch of the Celts. From their home in the north 
of Ireland, they crossed over to the west coast of what is now called Scot- 
Scots land, and gradually gained an ascendancy in the country north of the 
and Firths of Forth and Clyde. In 843 a.d. their king, Kenneth Macalpin, 

Scottis. was recognized as ruler over all this district, the original inhabitants, 
commonly known as Picts, henceforth constituting with the invaders a single 
nation. Whatever the language of the Picts may have been, that of the Scottish 
kingdom was Gaelic. But the Scottish kings were not content with their northern 
d6main, and soon the British kingdom of Strathclyde, speaking Welsh, another 
Celtic language, came under their protection. Then Edinburgh, the great Anglian 
citadel, looking out on the Scottish sea, was ceded to the northern conquerors. 
Shortly after 970 A.D., Kenneth III., King of the Scots, came into possession of 
the Lothians, and one of the conditions of his occupation was that he should 
permit the province the use of its own laws and customs and Anglian speech. 
Henceforth we have a Scottish dynasty ruling over an English-speaking folk, 
and adopting the language and customs of its new subjects. We can easily believe 
that many Scots would object to the anglicizing of their kings ; but the fall of 
Macbeth marked the triumph of the new order of things, and henceforward the 
kings are Scottish only in name. According to Bede, colonies of Angles had tried 
to settle in the land of the Picts before 685, but the defeat of Ecgfrith in that year, 
in the battle of Nechtansmere, probably led to their expulsion. At any rate, in 
1074, when Margaret, queen of Malcolm Canmore, in her zeal for Church reform, 
called a meeting of the clergy, she found that they understood nothing but Gaelic. 
Before the death of Alexander III., in 1286, the Anglian speech had crept north- 
ward along the coast to the Moray Firth, and apparently also was paramount in 
that part of the west which lies to the south of the Firth of Clyde, except in 
Galloway and South Ayrshire. The War of Independence separated definitely the 
two divisions of Anglia, and the Cheviots became a national boundary ; but the 
language of the Scottish court was still called Inglis, and John of Fordoun, writing 
about 1400 A.D., tells us that the people occupying the coast and the Lowlands 
speak a Teutonic tongue, and the people of the Highlands and Islands use 
the Scottish language. Later on, Gaelic was contemptuously styled Yrisch or 
Ersch, and as national pride demanded a separate name for the national lan- 
guage, the old Inglis tongue of the Lowlands began to arrogate to itself the title 
of Scottish. 

* Quoted by Sir James Murray in The Scottish Dialect of the Southern Counties. 



INTRODUCTION. xt 

The Scottish language in the modern sense thus has its root in the Anglian of 
ancient Northumbria. Its subsequent history has been described as covering three 
periods — viz. Early, Middle, and Late Scots. Our national literature may 
Early properly be said to begin with Barbour's Brus [c. 1375). In the early 
Scots, period we might place also Wyntoun's Cronykil and Blind Harry's Wallace, 
the second of which takes us to the middle of the fifteenth century. We 
must not, however, forget that, so far as the language is concerned, Early Scots 
is more a convenient than an absolutely correct term, as it properly indicates a 
regional division of late Anglian. 

Political conditions after the War of Independence began to effect a cleavage in 
the language spoken on the two sides of the Cheviots. The speech of London and 
Oxford, the centres of political authority and of learning, gradually sup- 
Middle planted the old dialect of the north-eastern counties of England as a 
Scots. literary medium. While the Anglian of Northumberland was being 
degraded to a humble patois, that of the Scottish area was flourishing 
round the court at Edinburgh and the University of St Andrews with all the 
dignity of national life. This second or middle period, dating from about 1450 a.d. 
to 1603 A.D., was adorned by a galaxy of brilliant writers, of whom the most 
distinguished were Douglas, Dunbar, Henryson, Lyndsay, Scott, and Montgomerie. 
The spelling of the writers of this period points to a great change in pronunciation, 
which was most probably the result of the natural tendencies of development in 
the language itself. We notice a great influx of Latin and French words; and 
the study of Chaucer and his followers has also a certain influence on the 
vocabulary and grammar. 

Political and social events combined to increase the influence of the South upon 
the northern speech. The Reformers in Scotland looked for sympathy to their 
co-religionists in England. A large section of the people turned their 
Causes of eyes from 'la belle France' to regard more favourably their ' auld 
decadence enemy of England.' In their communications with Englishmen they 
of Scots. tried to efface the differences between the two forms of speech, and 
this was done mostly by giving up what was distinctively Scottish. 
The Catholic party actually taunted their opponents for their anglicizing tendencies, 
and the language of the later works of Knox seems to justify their reproach. But 
at least three things rendered the fall of Scots inevitable as the complete expres- 
sion of national life. The first was the failure of the Reformers to give the people a 
vernacular translation of the Bible, and the consequent adoption of a version that 
was couched in the language of Chaucer, Wycliffe, and Tyndale. The second 
cause was the Union of the Crowns in 1603 ; and the third was the giant growth 
of Elizabethan literature. The great mass of the people were trained through 
their religious exercises to regard the speech of the south as the most dignified 
vehicle for serious discussion, and poets and scholars writing in English thereby 
secured a wider audience and a greater name. After the Union, James VI. wrote 
his Counterblast to Tobacco (1604) in the language of his new subjects ; and 
his fellow-countrymen and contemporaries, Drummond of Hawthornden, Ayton, 
Stirling, all are distinguished as English and not as Scottish authors. The nobles 
and gentry who went to the court at London began to send their sons to be 



xii INTRODUCTION. 

educated at the great English schools, and thus an indelible brand of gentility was 
given to the softer language of the south. In Sir John Sinclair's Statistical Account 
of Scotland, vol. ii., published in the end of the eighteenth century, is a report by 
the Rev. Mr Auld upon the parish of Mauchline. ' In this parish, 1 he says, ' the 
Scots dialect is the language spoken, but is gradually improving! The single word 
'improving' suggests at once the attitude of the superior person towards the 
vernacular and the causes that were at work in destroying the purity of the dialect. 
For two hundred years the nation went to school in English, and Scots was disused 
as the medium for communicating the higher thought of the race. The language 
has thus been excluded from the general trend of our modern European culture, 
and can never regain what it has lost. 

We give the name of Late Scots to the period dating from 1603 till the present 
time. During the seventeenth century we see the language gradually discarded for 
all forms of literature except the lyrical. Even in this department the relics 
late are few, which fact may be due to the absorption of the people in political 
Scots, and religious questions and the stern discipline of the clergy, who frowned on 
such manifestations of the natural man as the profane ballad and the jovial 
song. The mighty river is reduced to a trickling rill, on which float such leaves of 
poetry as ' The Life and Death of Habbie Simson ' (by Sempill), ' Maggie Lauder,' 
' Hardyknute' (by Lady Wardlaw), ' Werena my Heart Licht, I wad Dee' (by Lady 
Grizel Baillie). These and a few more compositions kept up the tradition of lyrical 
verse until the revival of interest in Scottish literature which is associated with the 
names of Ramsay, Fergusson, Burns, and Scott. The last named introduced the 
vernacular with great effect into the dialogue of his novels, and he has had a host of 
imitators down to the present, such as Gait, Macdonald, Stevenson, Barrie, Crockett. 
If we compare their language with Middle Scots, we find that a large number of old 
words have been lost, or replaced by English forms, though the reprinting of old 
ballads and songs by Ramsay and others led to the revival of a few. Even in the 
lyrical sphere, where we should expect something different, the proportion of purely 
Scottish words is surprisingly small. In four of Burns's poems, ' A Man 's a Man 
for a' that,' ' Duncan Gray,' 'Auld Lang Syne,' ' The Death of Poor Mailie ' — contain- 
ing in all 873 words — Murray counts 152 only as altogether un-English — i.e., 17.88 
per cent. When writers in Scottish dialect attempt a serious subject in prose or 
verse, they have recourse to English, sometimes concealing the fact from them- 
selves and their readers by using characteristic Scottish spellings, such as the 
dropping of d, g, or // at the end of words. 

Late Scottish writers differ from their predecessors in having no spoken standard 
on which to model themselves. For some time they continued to follow the old 
spelling, which represented, in a rough way, the speech of the court in 
Dialect In the sixteenth century; but they were not uninfluenced by southern 
Late Scots, models. There was not much inconvenience for writers who used 
Central Scots, because their dialect was so closely akin to the old 
standard speech. But those hailing from the north-east of Scotland were very soon 
compelled to seek a spelling that would convey better to their readers their manner 
of speech. The peculiarities of the ' Broad Buchan ' had been parodied as early as 
1692 in Pitcairne's Satire of the Assembly or Scottish Reformation. Laird Littlewit 



INTRODUCTION. xiii 

is made to use such Aberdeen pronunciations as ' keerates,' ' deen,' ' seen,' ' seeth,' 
'jeedge,' 'fat,' 'fan,' for 'curates,' 'done,' 'soon,' 'sooth, 'judge,' 'what,' 'when.' 
In the eighteenth century, dialect crops out in words, rhymes, and occasional 
spellings in such works as Ajax, his Speech to the Grecian Knabbs, by 
Robert Forbes, and Ross's Helenorej but the best attempt in more modern 
times to represent dialect in literature is the famous northern classic of Johnny 
Gibb a' Gttshetneuk. 

Although dialects do not begin to appear in Scots literature till after the Union of 
the Crowns, they must have existed in the mouth of the people from remote times. 

The dialect of the southern counties (Roxburgh, Selkirk, East and 
Origin Central Dumfries) is probably the most direct descendant of the old 
of Anglian speech. Its phonetic system would seem to indicate this, as 

Dialects, well as the fact that the Teutonic colonists there made a more thorough 

clearance of the British than in the east and north. The Lothians, on 
the other hand, were for long the debatable land of Angle, Briton, and Scot, and 
had finally to accept a royal dynasty and train of nobles of Scottish blood and 
speech. Although the Angles imposed their language on the new-comers, it is very 
probable that the common speech was affected by the Celtic dialects (Welsh and 
Gaelic) with which it came into contact. Here, perhaps, we have the beginning of 
dialectal differences that were ultimately to distinguish Scots from northern 
English. In any case, this Lothian dialect spoken at the court of the Scottish 
kings spread, with the extension of their power, along the east coast to Caithness, 
and to the west country south of the Firth of Clyde, as far as the Solway. It would 
supplant Welsh in Strathclyde ; Gaelic in Galloway and South Ayrshire ; Gaelic 
and Pictish (?) north of the Forth and Tay ; Scandinavian in some parts, and 
Flemish in others. In each district it would be modified in pronunciation, vocabu- 
lary, and intonation by the language to which it succeeded. Wherever, in Modern 
Scots, we have marked dialectal characteristics we may be fairly certain that we 
are dealing with racial conditions different from other parts of Scotland. 

The old standard Scots was founded, then, on a regional dialect — viz. the Lothian, 
as spoken at the court and the university. As the standard form of speech, it 
would be slow to record the changes going on in the popular 
Standard Soots dialects, and very sensitive to such literary influences as Latin, 

contains very little French, and southern English. It would thus contain many 
trace of dialect. elements that would appear but sparsely in the local dialects. 
In the artificial Scots of the literature of the middle period 
we may look in vain for the dialectal differences that undoubtedly existed in 
provincial speech. It is just possible that a close scrutiny of old charters, 
burgh records, and session minutes might be more fruitful in results. Place- 
names, and names for local customs and things peculiar to a district, might give 
some hint of the pronunciation, because the compilers, not having these names in 
their literary models, might attempt to spell them phonetically. Very often also a 
spelling, representing a local pronunciation, slips into the record unknown to the 
writer. In the Town Council Registers of Aberdeen, I find under the date 18th April 
1539, 'phingar,' written for 'quhynggar' — modern 'whinger.' In the manuscript 
the digraph/^ for/is very distinct. Under the date of 12th March 1539 occurs an 



xiv INTRODUCTION. 

account of a quarrel between two women. One had said to the other, ' I sell leicT 
the to the place for the freir swewit the quhar you tynt the pendace of thi belt in 
the hie publict gett.' 'For' here stands instead of 'quhar'— i.e. 'where.' The 
writer unconsciously wrote the word as he would have naturally pronounced it, or 
he was anxious to give the exact words of the woman. These two examples would 
prove the existence of f=wh in the first half of the sixteenth century, and this is. 
one of the most marked characteristics of northern Scottish speech. Investigators,, 
however, should not confine themselves to the printed records, but go direct to- 
the manuscripts, as some of the best material, from the dialect point of view,, 
will probably never be printed. 

It is certain that we can form no true conception of the language as it exists- 
at the present unless we study it in its dialectal forms. Moreover, direct and 
accurate knowledge of these modern varieties is of immense importance 
Modern to all students of philology in their attempts to reconstruct the language 
Accounts of the past and recount the successive stages of its history. The first 
of the systematic attempt to give an account of the Scottish language is- 

Scottish contained in Jamieson's famous Scottish Dictionary, published in 1808. 
Language. Its vocabulary represented Central Scottish very well, but failed to- 
incorporate with sufficient fullness the dialectal differences of the other 
provinces. After frequent editions, it is still imperfect from the points of view 
of vocabulary, pronunciation, and etymology. Dr Wright, in the Scottish part 
of his English Dialect Dictionary, has added many new words and meanings to 
Jamieson's collection, and in many cases has indicated the results of recent 
philological investigation. In his work on the Dialect of the Southern Counties, 
Sir James Murray gave a very minute account of the grammar and pro- 
nunciation of this form of Scots, and added a general description of the other 
dialects. 

In 1909 appeared an elaborate and painstaking study of the Phonology of the 
North-Eastern Scotch Dialect — see Map No. 3 {b) — from the pen of Dr Mutschmann 
of Bonn University. The author, however, was not able to indicate with any 
degree of precision the sub-dialects that undoubtedly exist in this important 
district. One would fain hope that this task will yet be undertaken by some scholar 
to whom this form of Scots is his mother-speech. In his Gleanings from the 
Vernacular, Dr Colville added largely to our knowledge of local vocabulary, and 
proved conclusively that our Scottish dictionaries had not yet given a complete 
account of our national speech. 

The region where Scottish dialect is spoken at the present time is known as 
the Lowland Division of Teutonic speech in Great Britain. In his treatise on 
the Dialects of the Southern Counties of Scotland (published 1873),. 
The Lowland Sir James Murray traced very carefully the boundary line between 
Aiea. Scottish and Celtic. The line passes along the east coast of Arran,. 

cuts off the north of Bute, passes behind Dunoon to Loch Long,, 
enters Dumbarton at Gorton, hence through Glen Douglas to Loch Lomond ;. 
it enters Stirling north of Rowardennan, crosses to Aberfoyle and to Callander,, 
passes through Glenartney to Comrie, crosses Glenalmond south of Amulree, 
follows Strath Braan through Birnam Wood to Dunkeld. It enters Aberdeen- 



INTRODUCTION. xv 

shire by Mount Blair, passes to a point four miles east of Braemar, and hence on 
to two miles east of Crathie and Balmoral. It then proceeds north-north-west 

to go to Strathdon, where it turns north-west and enters Banff six 
The Celtic miles north-east of Tomintoul. It skirts the Livat on the west to 
Boundary, the boundary of Elgin. It crosses the Spey two miles south of Inver- 

avon, traverses the Knock of Brae Moray, and hence north-west to 
Nairn, crossing the Findhorn at right angles and going on to Ardclach, and hence 
to the Moray Firth, three miles west of Nairn. It crosses the Firth to Cromarty, 
•dips again into the sea, to emerge at Blyth Ness, Caithness. It proceeds overland 
to Harpsdale, through Halkirk to the river Forss, which it follows to the sea, five 
miles west of Thurso. The Celtic border has receded considerably since 1873. 
North Bute, for instance, in 1901 had only 134 Gaelic speakers out of a population 
•of 1 7 18. Crathie had 34 out of 606. The new census returns of 191 1 will show 
-definitely how far the line will have to be altered. There are many communities 
along this Celtic border that are passing from the Gaelic to the English stage. 
An exact examination of the language of the older generation — because less 
influenced by School-board English — might throw some light on the changes that 
took place in the distant past when the Anglian tongue was adopted by the 
'Celtic speakers. The subject might well be taken up by some of our research 
scholars at the universities, who are thoroughly conversant with English and 
■ Gaelic in their present forms and with their development from the past. 

According to Dr Ellis, the Southern Boundary for Scottish speech coincides with 
the political division from the south-east corner of Berwickshire to Cheviot Hill. 

After that it keeps outside the counties of Roxburgh and Dumfries 
The until it reaches Gretna on the west. Sir James Murray places Liddes- 

Southern dale and Canobie outside the Scottish area. 
Boundary. When Dr Ellis started his monumental work on Early English 

Pronunciation (which he finished in 1889, after more than forty years' 
labour), he found that his purpose could not be satisfactorily carried out without 
an investigation of modern English dialects. His touchstone for dialect was 

pronunciation. As the parent language of all forms of existing English 
Dialect has not come down to us, he took the oldest dialect that has been 
Divisions, preserved most completely in literature — viz. West Saxon — for the 

purpose of comparison. This dialect has also the advantage of being 
written with a remarkable degree of phonetic consistency, so that we get in it a 
better view of the language than at any subsequent period. Dr Ellis selected 
from modern English a list of words in common use in most of the dialects. The 
great majority had their counterpart in West Saxon and Scandinavian. A small 
number of Romance words were added, and also a few words of unknown 
. origin. He classified all but the last group according to the accented vowel in 
West Saxon, Norse, or French, and then grouped the dialects according to the 
development of the different vowels down to modern times. In this way Scot- 
land was separated as a distinct dialect area from northern England, and was 
again divided into four smaller dialect divisions, called respectively South, Mid, 
North, and Insular Lowland. The counties were distributed over these divisions 
.as follows : 



xvi INTRODUCTION. 

i— The South Lowland— Selkirk, Roxburgh, East and Central Dumfries. 

2 (a)— Eastern Mid-Lowland — Peebles, Berwick, Haddington, Edinburgh, 
Linlithgow, Mid and East Stirling, Clackmannan, Kinross ; all Fife, except 
North-west. 

2 (b)— Western Mid- Lowland — Lanark, North Ayr, Renfrew, Dumbarton, 
Argyle (near Dunoon), most of Bute. 

2 (c)— Southern Mid- Lowland— South Ayr, Wigtown, Kirkcudbright, West 
Dumfries. 

2 (d)— Northern Mid- Lowland— East Perth, North-west Fife, and West 
Forfar. 

3 (a)— Southern North Lowland— East Forfar, Kincardine (except the extreme 
northern portion). 

3 (6)— Mid-North Lowland — Aberdeen, most of Banff, Elgin, and Nairn, East 
Cromarty. 

3 (c)— Northern North Lowland — North-east of Caithness. 

4 (a) — Southern Insular — Orkney. 

4 (b)— Northern Insular — Shetland. 

The four main divisions are fairly well defined, but a good deal of research will 
be necessary before we can speak with certainty of the sub-sections. We propose 
now to deal with the characteristics of Scottish pronunciation as 
Characteristics distinguished from English standard speech, noting also the most 
of Scottish outstanding dialect differences in the various districts, so far as 

Pronunciation, that is possible in the limits of such an article as this and without 
the help of a phonetic notation. It is necessary, first of all, to 
point out that the Scots habit of speech is more tense than the English. Hence 
an educated Scot, speaking English, keeps his long vowels purer than an English- 
man. In such words as 'heed,' 'food,' 'road,' 'raid,' the genuine Southron really 
uses a diphthong. These same vowels are used as shorts by the Scotsman without 
changing their quality. When he hears these vowels as shorts in English or 
Scots, an Englishman can hardly recognize them. To a Scot speaking English, 
there is no difference in quality between the vowel in 'pool' and that in 'pull.' At 
the most he recognizes only a shortening in the second, which to an English ear 
Is quite a distinct sound. To an Englishman, the short vowel in 'breeks' and 
'reeky' sounds like his z in 'fit.' It may be noted that Scots has retained this 
sharp ee sound when it has been lost in Standard English, as in ' peety,' ' eemage,' 
'poseetion,' 'leeberal.' Again the a sound heard in English 'father,' 'card,' 'vast,' 
is almost never employed as a short in English, the short vowel in 'hat,' 'cat,' 
'mat' being altogether different in quality. These two classes of words have the 
same vowel in Scottish dialect, only it is short in the second set. 

I. After these general observations we proceed now to a more detailed account 

of the outstanding vowel and consonant distinctions between Scots 

WLti tl and Standard En & lisn . taking Old English as our basis of comparison 

Distinc onB for the vowels _ 01d English a (as in father) has now in Scots an eh 

sound, and in English an oh sound. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Old Eng 
A. (I) 



Old English. 


Scots. 


Modern English. 


lad 


lade 


load 


ham 


hame 


home 


ta 


tae 


toe 



Old English * becomes a generally in Modern Scots ; but in the central 
dialects a sound like the vowel in Modern English ' hall ' is developed. 

A. (2) raw ra row 

sawan sa sow 

An ai and ay spelling occurs very often in words in class A (1). Its explanation 
is curious. Ay, ey, ai, ei were used at first to indicate diphthongs, which subse- 
quently became single long sounds. Then the i or y began to be used as a mark 
of length, and was joined to most of the vowels. Hence, when we do not know the 
origin of a word, it may be difficult to determine whether we have originally a 
simple vowel or diphthong. Examples of such spellings are : 

Scots. Modern English. 

dede, deid dead 

chese, cheys choose 

flude, fluid flood 

gude, guid good 

mast, maist most 

B. Old English long u (pronounced as in English 'food') remains in Scots, 
but is diphthongized in Modern English. 

Old English. Scots. Modern English. 

mus moose mouse 

hus hoose house 

cu coo cow 

scur shoor \ shower 

showre \ 

schour J 

The only exception to this is in the southern counties, where final k is diph- 
thongized, ou and ow were very often written for this sound to distinguish it from 
the French value of n (e.g. in 'cure'), and here again it is often difficult to decide 
from the spelling whether we are dealing with an original vowel or diphthong. 

Old English long o becomes 00 in Modern English, but has a peculiar develop- 
ment in Scots, where the sound is brought to the front of the mouth, and in some 
districts the lip-rounding is lost. In its rounded form the sound resembles some- 
times the French eu in 'peu' and sometimes « in 'lune.' Romance words like 
' cure, ' sure,' ' suit ' fall into this class. The theory that this sound was introduced 
into Scotland through our close connection with France is phonetically absurd. 

Old English. Scots. Modern English. 

C. (1) mona muin moon 

stol stuil stool 

god guid good 



xviii INTRODUCTION. 

When a back or guttural consonant follows this sound, an i or y often develops 
before the vowel, which may be, according to the district, oo, ui, or u~ e.g. : 

Old English. Scots. Modern English. 

C. (2) boc beuk (buik) book 

hoc heuk hook 

D. Old English short o in closed syllables becomes a regularly in Modern Scots 
when preceded or followed by a lip consonant, like p, b, /, w. ' Crop,' ' drop,' 
' world,' ' top,' croft,' ' loft,' become ' crap,' ' drap,' ' warl,' &c. 

The Old English short u vowel (as in Standard English 'foot') is changed in 
Scots into the vowel we hear in 'but' In this respect our language agrees with 
Standard English, and differs from most of the English dialects, where ' soom ' and 
' coom ' stand for ' some ' and ' come.' In Scots there are a considerable number 
of words where this Old English z?, generally before a nasal consonant, becomes 
some variety of the i vowel in ' hit' 

Old English. Scots. Modern English. 

E. sumor simmer summer 



sunne 


sin 


sun 


sunu 


sin 


son 


wundor 


winner 


wonder 


dunn 


din 


dun 


knutu 


nit 


nut 



F. The Old English i sound (as in Modern English 'hit') has suffered some 
modification in the Scots dialects. It assumes one or more of three variants 
similar to the vowels in the Standard English words 'fell,' 'h«t,' 'arise.' This 
vowel was often written in Middle Scots with a / symbol, as in ' hym,' ' bytten,' 
'nevyr' 'never;. After w it has very generally the sound in 'hut' — e.g. 'will,' 
' win,' ' whin,' becomes ' wull,' ' wun,' ' whun.' Apparent exceptions to the general 
tendencies of development given above are accounted for as analytical formations, 
shortenings, importations from allied dialects (or changes due to the influence of 
contiguous sounds;. 

II. The following are the most marked of the consonantal peculiarities of Scots : 
(i) r is always a strong tongue trill, except in Celtic areas 'as in 
Consonantal Caithness), where the point of the tongue is often retracted in the 
Distinctions, production of the sound. 

(2) I is generally the same as in English, though the guttural 
variety is often heard in conjunction with back consonants, as in ' muckle 
gowk,' ' clock.' The so-called liquid /, formed with the middle of the tongue, is 
believed to have existed in Middle Scots, and was indicated by the spelling 1$. 
This symbol 3 was confused with z and y, and hence we have such spellings as 
'spubie,' 'spulzie,' 'spulyie,' 'spuillie.' Sir James Murray believes that the old 
liquid sound survives in some words in the southern counties. In proper names 
the book-spelling ' Dalzell ' has led to a new pronunciation. /, preceded by a back 
vowel, developed in early times into a vowel sound, especially when followed by a 
consonant in the same syllable. In the case of ol, a diphthong is the result in 
Modern Scots, but the old cd and ul axe now mostly represented by a single voweL 



INTRODUCTION. 



Scots. 




Modern English. 


(3) smout 




smolt 


cout 




colt 


ha' 




hall 


sma' 




small 


sta' 




stall 


skouk 




skulk 


fu' 




full 


pu' 




pull 


(4) Liquid n was written /;;, 


and has a 


similar history to that of liquid /. 



Its 
modern descendant is ng (as in 'sing'), as in 'Bluidy Mackingie,' ' Menzies,' and 
'spaingie' (Indian cane), or 'nyie,' as in ' Cockenzie,' although in proper names 
the polite pronunciation takes the sound of a. 

(5) n S ' n th e middle of a word is a simple sound — no g sound follows it; 
hence we say — ' sing-1,' ' lang-er,' ' hunsr-ry,' just as in Standard English we pro- 
nounce ' sing-er.' Before th and in the ending trig, rig is replaced by «, as ' lenth,' 
' strenth,' ' runnin,' &c. 

(6) The Scots dialects all retain the old guttural sound ch, gh, which has been 
lost in Modern English, as in 'loch,' 'lach' (laugh), 'saugh' a willow). The 
digraph ch is used also for the double sound in the beginning of 'chin.' This 
sound at the end of a word is sometimes very conveniently written tch. 

(7) The wh sound in 'why' is never replaced by «•, as in southern English. 
' While ' and ' wile,' ' where ' and ' wear,' ' whin ' and ' win ' are still distinct words to 
the ear of an educated Scot. The old spelling of ivh was quh and qwh, as in 
' quhilk,' ' quha,' for ' which ' and ' who.' qu stands for h-c, as in ' quene ' (queen) 
and 'quair.' 

(8) Until very recently 10 was heard pronounced before r, as in 'wricht' 
(wheelwright), 'wrang,' 'wratch' (wretch), w is replaced by a vowel in 'ouk,' 
'00,' 'soom,' 'soop,' 'sook,' for 'week,' 'wool,' 'swim,' 'sweep,' 'swick' ^deceive). 

(9) The sound of/" is kept in the plural in words like ' wives,' 'lives,' &c. Final v 
and th are often absorbed by a preceding vowel, as in 'loo,' 'pree,' 'lea,' 'mou.' 
' unco ' (very and strange), for ' luve,' ' prove,' ' leave,' ' mouth,' ' uncouth.' Final //* 
in ordinals becomes /, as ' fift,' ' tent,' for ' fifth ' and ' tenth.' 

(10) sh is frequently used for s, as in 'vessel,' 'officer,' 'notice,' 'mince,' 'sew' 
(shoo). The reverse process is seen in 'wuss' (wish), 'buss' (bush), 'ase' (ash), 
'sail' (shall). In words like 'measure' and 'pleasure' the sound is 2 instead 
of sh. 

(11) The second consonant is dropped regularly in mb,pt,kf, as in 'tumble,' 
' fumble,' ' except,' ' respect,' which become ' tum-1,' ' fum-1,' ' excep,' and ' respec' 
In many districts also final d disappears in nd and Id, as 'lan(d),' 'han(d),' 'aul(d)' 
(old), 'baul(d)' (bold), 'taul(d)' (told). 

(12) k used to be heard everywhere in 'knee,' 'knife,' 'knock' (the clock\ &c. 
Hard c and g are retained in such words as 'brig,' 'seg,' 'kirk,' 'birk,' 'sclate,' 
'scleyce,' 'skelf,' 'skimles,' for 'bridge,' 'sedge,' 'church,' 'birk,' 'slate,' 'slice,' 
'shelf," shambles.' 



xx INTRODUCTION. 

(13) The termination ed (past part, and adjectival) is very generally changed into 
'it,' as 'waggit,' 'raggit,' ' crabbit,' 'jaggit,' &c. 

(14) Very often a Scots word shows a curious transposition of consonants as 
compared with the English. 

Scots. English. 

croods, cruds curds 

corse (place-names) cross 

fiedle field 

wardle world 

roobrub rhubarb 

wrat wart 

kerses cresses 

In addition to these characteristics of Scots pronunciation, the central dialects 
have a vowel resembling the vowel in Standard English 'law,' in such words as 
'half,' 'land,' 'wall,' 'salt,' 'walk.' The exact distribution of this 
Mid-Lowland sound is not known, but it does not occur in the South Lowland, nor 
Dialect. is it heard in the northern area. In the west, especially in South 

Ayrshire, there seems to be a tendency to unround the ui vowel, and 
one hears a sound like the z in 'hit' or the eh in 'fate.' A peculiarity of central 
speech is a curious catch in the voice before certain consonants — e.g. t,fi, hard c, 
and often n. It is very strong in the Glasgow district, and frequently takes the 
place of the following consonant in careless speech. 'Down the water' becomes 
' Doon the wa'er.' 

In the South Lowland, which has been minutely described by Sir James Murray, 
there is a great variety of diphthongs. Old English zZ (see class B) when final 

becomes a diphthong very nearly the same as that in Standard English. 
The South Sir James Murray spells it uw, as ' cuw ' (cow). Words like ' sea,' ' me,' 
Lowland. ' we,' ' he,' ' dee ' (die) are all diphthongized into ' sey,' ' mey, ' wey,' &c. 

South Lowland ' Yuw an' mey '11 gang owre the deyke an' puy a pey ' 
becomes in Central Scottish 'Yoo an mee '11 gyang uwr the duyke an' poo a pee' 
(Murray's spelling). Words like ' bore,' ' fore,' ' sole,' ' foal,' which have an o sound 
in other parts of Scotland, have a diphthong written uo in this dialect — viz. 
' buore,' ' fuore,' &c. Where there is an eh sound in the rest of Scotland, we have 
here a diphthong which sounds like the i of ' it,' followed by an uh. Sir James 
Murray writes it ea, as 'neame,' ' deale,' 'teale'(from Old English open a), for 
'name,' 'dale,' 'tale' ; and 'leade,' ' measte,' 'cleathe' (for Old English a, see class 
A), for ' load,' ' most,' ' cloth.' When the diphthongs uo and ea occur in the begin- 
ning of a word or preceded by h, the first develops into wu and the second into^v. 



South Lowland. 


Modern English. 


South Lowland. 


Modern English. 


wurtshet 


orchard 


yek 


oak 


hwull 


hole 


yet 


oat 


hwup 


hope 


yecker 


acre 


wuppen 


open 


hyel 


whole 






hyem 


home 



Other Scots dialects have examples of a similar development, but in none 



INTRODUCTION. xxi 

has it been carried out so consistently as in the south. The South Lowland is, 
lastly, distinguished from the Central Scots by its broad pronunciation of the vowel 
in 'men,' so that it sounds like the South English a in 'man.' Hence Pen-chrise- 
pen (a hill in Teviotdale) seems in Border speech to be pronounced as ' Pan- 
chrise-pan,' and a ' penny ' becomes a ' panny.' 

In Forfarshire and Kincardine we are in the borderland between north and 
south, /begins to take the place of initial wh, but only in the pronominal words 
' who,' ' when,' ' where,' ' what,' ' whose,' ' which,' ' whether.' In its 
Between the vowel system, this debatable land retains the southern ui in words 
North ana like ' guid,' but rejects the aw vowel in ' ha' ' (hall), &c. The boundary 
Mid-Lowland, between the north and south for the ui vowel is said to run between 
Mount Battock and Skateraw on the coast of Kincardine. Dr 
Craigie has noted that a line drawn due north from Buddon Ness marks a division 
between those who say ' red heds ' (west) and those who say " reed heeds ' (east). 

North of the ui line all the words of the C (i) class have the sound of ee (or 
wee after a back consonant), as ' meen,' ' steel,' ' gweed,' for ' moon,' ' stool,' ' good.' 
An unexpected diphthong occurs in many words, as ' weyme,' ' weyte,' 
Mid-North 'speyk,' 'weyve,' 'greyt,' 'queyle,' 'queyte,' 'jeyl,' for 'womb,' 'wot,' 
Lowland. ' speak,' ' weave,' ' great,' ' weak,' ' coal,' ' coat,' ' gaol.' In Aberdeen- 
shire and on the Banffshire coast words like 'bone,' 'stone,' 'one' 
(Old English «+»), become ' been,' ' steen,' ' een.' 

In this Mid-North Lowland, initial wh becomes/in all words. 'Fa fuppit the 
fulpie?' means 'Who whipped the whelp?' wr becomes vr, as 'Ye vratch, yee've 
vrutten that a' vrang,' ' You wretch, you 've written that all wrong.' In some words 
a v is heard instead of an older w, as ' schav,' ' snav,' ' lavyer,' ' yav ' — i.e. ' sow,' 
'snow,' 'lawyer,' 'owe.' In the eastern parts of this district d replaces Standard 
English th before the termination er, as ' fader,' ' midder,' ' breeder,' ' the tane and 
the tidder' — i.e. 'father,' 'mother,' 'brother,' 'the one and the other.' Ay sound 
is frequently developed, especially before a vowel which precedes a back consonant, 
as ' kyaks,' ' byak,' ' nyakit,' ' tyangs,' ' gyang,' for ' cakes,' ' bake,' ' naked,' ' tongs,' 
' go.' Some have found in this an evidence of Scandinavian influence. 

The Northern North Lowland (Caithness) closely resembles the last named. 

The ui vowel, however, after g or k, never becomes wee as in 3 (6). Hence ' geed,' 

' keet,' ' skeels,' stand for ' gweed ' (good), ' kweet ' (ankle), ' skweels ' 

The Northern (disease of the mouth in horses). Before r this same vowel ui has 

North Lowland, the value of yoo, as ' myoor,' ' pyoor,' for ' moor,' ' poor.' This 

pronunciation is also prevalent in the western part of 3 (b). The 

00 vowel in 'hoose' seems also to be pronounced farther forward in the mouth. 

Initial th is dropped in the pronominal words 'the,' 'this,' 'that,' 'they,' 'them,' 

' there,' ' then ' ; r is pronounced without a trill and with a retraction of the tongue. 

In some consonants — e.g. t, d — the tongue is thrust forward on to the teeth. This 

dialect still retains the distinction between the present participle and the 

gerundive — e.g. : „ , _ , , . , 

He 's fond o gutterzn aboot. 

He 's aye gutteran aboot. 
Initial ch becomes sh, as ' shair,' ' shylder,' for ' chair,' ' children.' The ending et 



xxii INTRODUCTION. 

becomes ad, and ock becomes ag, as ' lempad,' ' wifag,' ' bairnag,' for ' limpet,' 
' wifock,' ' bairnie.' Standard English ed does not change to it as elsewhere — hence 
' crabbed,' not ' crabbit.' Norwegian and Gaelic have contributed very largely to 
the vocabulary of this dialect. The part played by each language in forming the 
present variety of Lowland speech is still a matter for scholarly investigation. 

The dialect of the fishing-villages in the Black Isle (Avoch, Rosemarkie, and 
Cromarty) seems to resemble that of Caithness. I have noticed the following 
features in Avoch: (i) <wh is dropped in 'who,' 'whose,' 'what,' 
A Dialect ' where ' — e.g. ' A sa me deet ? ' — ' Who saw me do it ? ' ' At a bots 

Intermediate that ? ' or, ' Az is that bot ? ' = ' Whose boat is it ? ' ' At ein wuz it ? ' = 
between 'Which one was it?' (2) 'Thoo' and 'thee' are still used in con- 

3 (i) and 3 (c). versation for ' ye ' and ' you.' ' Arthoo gaein, byoch ?'=' Where are 
you going, boy ? ' (3) The aspirate is dropped or prefixed contrary 
to standard use. ' An,' ' botuk,' ' heilus,' ' Enderetta,' ' ad,' ' esp,' for ' hand,' ' boat- 
hook,' 'alehouse,' ' Henrietta,' ' hold,' 'hasp;' and 'hegg,' 'Hannie,' 'happle,' for 
' egg,' ' Annie,' and ' apple.' This peculiarity was noted by Dr Gregor in the Banff- 
shire fishing-villages, and has been reported also for Futty, Aberdeen. (4) A 
diphthong is heard in words like' (1) 'pear,' 'swear,' 'tear,' 'wear,' and (2) 'ale,' 
' shame,' ' home,' ' bone,' ' stone,' which are pronounced ' sweyr,' ' teyr,' &c. 

The distinguishing mark of the Insular Division is the use of d or t for th, as 
in 'dat,' 'de,' 'dem,' 'dis,' 'strent,' 'tink,' 'tree,' for 'that,' 'the,' 'them,' 'this,' 
' strength,' ' think,' ' three.' According to Ellis, initial ch becomes sh in 
The Shetland only. We note the same peculiarity in Caithness, the Black 

Insular Isle, and Chirnside in Berwick, wh does not appear as f in this 
Lowland, division, nor is the ui vowel (e.g. ' guid, ' ' mune ') unrounded as in 3 {b) 
and 3 (c). In this respect the Insular Dialects fall into line with the 
Central. Lowland Scots has been acquired only in recent times by the islanders, 
and has incorporated thousands of Norse words. The thorough examination of 
these dialects, in which Dr Jakobsen of Copenhagen University has been engaged 
for fifteen years, may enable us to identify and estimate the influence of Norse in 
other districts. The problem is often complicated by the fact that some Scandi- 
navian communities (e.g. in Caithness) have passed through the Gaelic stage before 
acquiring Anglian. If we add that there are at least two forms of Scandinavian 
and various sub-dialects, it will be seen that the complete investigation of the 
patois of a fishing- village may afford ample scope for the highest scholarship. 

The description of the Scottish Dialects given here summarizes the results of 
the investigations of Ellis, Murray, and Wright. One only of the dialects — viz. the 
South Lowland — has been examined with scientific thorough- 
What still remains ness ; but Scottish scholarship should not rest satisfied until 
to be done for the similar work has been done for them all. A complete account 
Scottish Dialects. of a dialect includes vocabulary, idiom, grammar, pronunciation, 
and intonation ; and in the ultimate resort the ordinary speaker 
is the authority to whom our experts must go. It is certain that there are still 
many words floating about among the people that our dictionaries have not yet 
recorded. Persons of ordinary intelligence, with no expert training, can help to 
complete the record of a dialect by making lists of words which they think have 



INTRODUCTION. xxiii 

not yet been noted in the dictionaries. Our old language is undoubtedly passing 
away before modern education and means of communication.* If we are to secure 
the ungarnered harvest, we must set to work at once, and it is well that all 
interested in what remains of ' Scottis ' should know that there is an organization 
for this express purpose. The Scottish Branch of the English Association has 
lately appointed a committee for the collecting of materials in the Scottish 
Dialects. 

The Committee have resolved to confine their efforts to an investigation of the 
present condition of the Scottish Dialects. They would seek to make the record 
of our language as complete as possible (i) by gathering in words, 
Aims of the meanings, and usages which have not been recorded in any dictionary ; 
Dialects (2) by an exact description of the pronunciation of existing Scottish 

Committee, words ; (3) by dividing the country into dialect areas corresponding to 
differences of pronunciation. Their desire is to formulate a scheme 
which will keep individual investigators in touch with each other, and accomplish 
by a united effort what would be impossible for individuals unless they had both 
ample leisure and money to devote to the work. The Committee would appeal 
for co-operation, not only to experts in philology and phonetics, but to all those 
who are interested in Scottish speech, and familiar, at least, with one form of it. 
They are compiling (1) lists containing all the words in use within recent times 
that are supposed to have the same vowel sound in the accented syllable; (2) lists 
containing consonantal peculiarities that will help to distinguish the different 
dialects. Printed slips are also provided for correspondents to record new words 
and meanings. 

A small committee of experts in phonetics will deal with the pronunciation, but 
the non-phonetic correspondent will be able to give the approximate pronunciation 
by following the general directions issued by the committee. It is hoped that the 
material collected will enable scholars to deal more surely with the history of our 
own speech, and contribute something towards the solution of the general prob- 
lems of language The English Association and the Carnegie Trust have given 
financial aid to the scheme, and what is now required is the personal assistance of 
all who are interested in our native language.! 

The present volume will be of great value to those who cannot easily get access 
to larger works ; and as a concise record of Scottish words in use since c. 1650, it 
will be a handy book of reference to all engaged in Scottish Dialect study. 

* Ward List I., published by the Dialect Committee of the Scottish Branch of the Eng l ish Association, 
contains 346 words used in recent times in the Scots dialects of the mainland. One contributor, an old roan, 
knew x66 of these, but a correspondent of a younger generation recognized only 90 as being in use in his form 
of Scots. 

t Word Lists and full details of scheme may be obtained by communicating with the Convener of the 
Dialect Committee, Ashfield, Cults, Aberdeen. 



LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS DICTIONARY. 



adj. . 


. adjective. 


pi.. . 


plural. 


adv. . 


. adverb. 


pass. 


possessive. 


aux. . 


. auxiliary. 


ppl. 


participle. 


Cf. . . 


. compare. 


ppl. adj. . 


participial adjective. 


comb. 


. combination. 


pre/. 


prefix. 


conj. . 


. conjunction. 


prep. 


preposition. 


excl. . 


. exclamation. 


pret. 


preterite, perfect tense. 


int. . 


. interjection. 


pron. 


pronoun. 


n. 


. noun. 


reft. pron. 


. reflexive pronoun. 


neg. . 


. negative. 


tuff. 


suffix. 


phr. , phrs. 


phrase, phrases. 


v. . 


verb. 



The t prefixed in the text indicates words apparently not of Scottish parentage, 
but imported from abroad. 



SCOTS DIALECT DICTIONARY 



A, prep, in comp. on. 

A, v. have. 

A, pron. I. Cf. Aw. 

A, int. ah ! eh ! 

A', adj. all ; every. Cf. Aw. 

A, Aa, h. an island. Cf. Ey. 

Aa, ppl. owning ; possessed of. 

Aa, v. to owe. 

Aad, v. pret. owed. 

Aal, adj. old. Cf. Auld. 

Aan, Aand, ppl. owing. 

Aar, n. the alder. Cf. Am. 

Aar, n. a scar. Cf. Arr. 

Aaron's beard, n. St John's wort ; the Lina- 

ria cymbalaria ; the Orchis mascula. 
Aaron's rod, n. mullein. 
Aava, int. an excl. of banter or contradiction. 

Cf. Awa. 
Aave, n. a spoon-net, or 'scummer,' used in 

herring-fishing. Cf Haave. 
Aback, adv. aloof; away; of time: ago. — 

v. to keep or hold back. 
Abaid, v. pret. abode. 
+Abaisin, Abasin, n. ill-treatment by word or 

deed. 
tAbaisit, ppl. abashed ; confounded ; ill- 
treated. 
Abaw, v. to suffer for. Cf. Aby. 
Abb, n. the weft. 

Abbey-laird, n. a bankrupt who fled for sanc- 
tuary to Holyrood precincts. 
Abee, adv. phr. ' let-abee,' to let alone ; not to 

mention. — n. forbearance. 
Abeech, adv. at a distance ; aloof. Cf. Abeigh. 
Abeen, adv. and prep, above. Cf. Aboon. 
Abefoir, adv. formerly. 
Abeigh, adv. aloof ; at a distance. 
Abeis, prep, in comparison with. 
Aben, adv. in the parlour; in the 'ben.' Cf. 

Ben. 
Aberdeen-awa, adv. in or near Aberdeen. — 

adj. native of, or hailing from, Aberdeen. 
Abidden, ppl. of abide ; dwelt. 
A-biel, adv. in shelter. 
Abies, prep, in comparison with. Cf. Abeis. 

1 



Abune 

tAbigent, n. forcible driving away in theft. 

Ability, «. wealth. 

Abin, adv. and prep, above. Cf. Aboon. 

Abit, conj. phr. yes ! but . 

Ablach, Ablack, n. a dwarf; an insignificant, 
worthless person ; a particle, fragment. — 
adj. incapable. 

Able, adj. substantial ; well-to-do ; fit ; liable. 

Able, Abies, adv. perhaps ; possibly. Cf. 
Ablins. 

Ableeze, adv. ablaze. 

Able-sea, adv. it may be so. 

Ablich, «. a dwarf. Cf. Ablach. 

Ablins, adv. possibly; perhaps. 

Ablow, prep, below. 

A'body, n. everybody. 

Aboil, adv. in or to a boiling state. 

Abok, n. a talkative, forward child. Cf. 
Yabbock. 

Aboon, adv. above; overhead. — prep, beyond; 
superior to ; more than. 

Aboot, adv. into the bargain ; to boot. 

hhoot, prep, about. — adv. alternately; about ; 
out of the way. 

Aboot with, phr. upsides with. 

Aboulziement, n. dress. Cf. Abuliement. 

Above, prep, in addition to ; after. 

Abraid, adv. abroad. 

Abraidit, ppl. adj. used of a carpenter's whet- 
stone too smooth to sharpen tools. 

Abrede, Abreed, Abreid, v. to publish ; to 
spread abroad. — adv. in breadth ; in pieces ; 
asunder ; to the winds ; abroad. 

Abroad, adv. out of doors ; away from home. 

Absent, n. an absentee. 

Abstinence, n. a truce ; cessation of hostili- 
ties ; a .fast ; a time of fasting. 

tAbstract, adj. apart ; withdrawn from. — v. 
to withdraw a person ; to withdraw from 
considering ; to withhold. 

Abstractness, n. aloofness. 

Abstraklous, adj. cross-grained ; bad - tem- 
pered ; obstreperous. 

Abuliement, «. dress ; cloth ; habiliment. 

Abune, adv. and prep, above. Cf. Aboon. 



Aby 

Aby, v. to pay smartly for ; to suffer for ; to 

expiate ; to atone. 
Abye, adv. ago ; past. 
Acamie, Acamy, adj. small, diminutive. — «. 

anything diminutive. 
Aoause, conj. because. 
fAecable, v. to overthrow. 
tAoeedent, n. an accession ; a casual payment. 
Accept, v. to welcome. 
Access, re. accession ; being accessory to. 
tAccidence, re. an accident ; a slip, as of 

memory. 
Accidently, adv. accidentally. 
Acclame, v. to claim, put in a claim. 
Accomie, Accumie, n. latten ; a mixed metal ; 

a trumpet made of ' accomie. ' 
Accomie-pen, re. a metallic pencil for writing 

on a tablet. 
Accomie-spoons, re. spoons made of ' accomie.' 
Accompt, re. and v. account. 
Accost, v. to court, pay addresses. 
Ace, n. ashes. Cf. Ase. 
Ace, n. the smallest division of a thing ; a 

particle. 
Achan, n. a special kind of pear. Cf. Auchan. 
Ache, v. to cause to ache. 
Achen, re. a marine bivalve used for bait. 
Acher, re. an ear of corn. Cf. Icker. 
Acherspire, v. to germinate. — re. the sprouting 

of malt. 
Ack, re. an act. — v. to act ; to enact. 
Ackadent, «. whisky ; an ardent spirit re- 
sembling rum. 
Ackavity, n. whisky. Cf. Aqua. 
Acker, Ackre, n. an acre. — v. to pay at a fixed 

rate per acre ; to pay at this rate harvest 

labourers. 
Acker-dale, adj. divided into single acres or 

small portions. 
Ackran, Ackrin, re. the harvesting of grain- 
crops at so much per acre. 
Ackrer, re. one who harvests crops at so much 

per acre. 
Ackward, adj. backward ; back-handed. 
A-clatter, adv. on to talking or gossiping. 
Aclite, Aclyte, adv. awry ; to one side ; out 

of joint. 
Acquaintance n. acquaintance. 
tAcquant, Acquaint, ppl. adj. acquainted. 
Acqueesh, prep, between. Cf. Atweesh. 
fAequent, ppl. adj. acquainted. Cf. Acquant. 
Acquit, ppl. adj. acquitted. 
Acre, v. to reap at a fixed rate per acre. Cf. 

Acker. 
Acre-braid, re. an acre. 
Acrer, re. a very small proprietor. 
Acrerer, re. an ' acrer. ' 
Act, v. with one's self, to come under legal 

obligation to do or not do certain things ; to 

enter in a court-book. 



Ae ae 

Action-sermon, re. the sermon preceding the 

celebration of the Lord's Supper, intended 

to stir up thanksgiving. 
Actual, adj. of a minister : in full orders. 
Adaes, re. difficulties. Cf. Ado. 
tAddebted, ppl. indebted. 
tAddebtor, re. a debtor. 
Adder-bead, re. a stone supposed to be formed 

by adders. 
Adder-bell, re. the dragon-fly. 
Adder-cap, re. the dragon-fly. 
Adder-stane, re. an ' adder-bead.' 
Addikit, ppl. addicted. 
Addiscinse, re. attention ; audience. Cf. 

Audiscence. 
Addle, re. foul and putrid water ; the urine 

of cattle. — adj. rotten ; putrid ; foul. — v. to 

water plants with liquid manure from a byre. 
Addle-dub, re. a pool of putrid water. 
Adee, re. ado ; a difficulty. Cf. Ado. 
Adew, adj. gone ; departed. 
Adhibit, v. used of faith : to place it in one. 
Adidst, prep, on this side of. Cf. Adist. 
Adience, re. room ; space ; scope. 
Adiest, prep, on this side of. Cf. Adist. 
Adill, re. putrid water. Cf. Addle. 
Adist, prep, on this side of. 
Adjournal, «. the record of sentences passed 

in a law-court. 
Adminicle, re. a writing, &c, tending to estab- 
lish the existence or terms of a lost deed ; 

collateral proof. 
Adminiculate, v. to support by 'adminicle.' 
Admirality, re. Admiralty. 
Admiration, re. a wonder, marvel. 
Admire, v. to wonder, marvel. 
Ado, v. to do. — n. stir; excitement; in //. 

difficulties ; a pretence. 
Adone, int. cease ; leave off. 
Adow, adj. worth. Cf. Dow. 
Adrad, ppl. adj. afraid ; in dread. 
Adreich, adv. behind ; at a distance. 
Adulterate, ppl. adj. used of money : forged, 

false. 
Advent, re. interest or other money payable 

in advance. 
Advertish, v. to advertise ; to warn. 
Advise, v.- to deliberate judicially with a view 

to judgment ; to seek advice ; to purpose, 

be of a mind to. 
Advisement, n. advice ; counsel. 
Advocate, v. to order or allow an appeal from 

an inferior to a superior court. 
Advocation, re. the granting of such an appeal. 
Adwang, adj. tiresome ; oppressive. Cf. 

Dwang. 
Adzoons, int. an excl. of surprise, &c. 
Ae, a'e, adj. one ; only ; used intensively with 

superlatives. 
Ae ae, adj. phr. one only. 



Ae-beast-tree 



Afterhin' 



Ae-beast-tree, n. a swingle-tree for a single 
horse ploughing. 

Aefald, Aefauld, n. a single fold. — adj. guile- 
less ; honest ; simple ; sincere. 

Aefaldness, n. singleness of heart ; upright- 
ness ; sincerity. 

Ae-fur, adj. having all the soil turned one 
way by the plough. 

Ae-fur-land, n. steep land ploughed only in 
one direction. 

Ae-haun't, adj. single-handed ; with one hand. 

Aem, «. vapour ; hot air ; warm glow from a 
fire. Cf. Oam. 

Aen, adj. one. Cf. Ane. 

Ae-pointit-girse, n. sedge grass. 

Aesome, adj. single ; solitary ; lonely ; used 
of husband and wife : in harmony, at one. 

Aesomeness, «. loneliness. 

Afald, adj. honest ; sincere. Cf. Aefald. 

Afeared, adj. afraid. 

Aff, adv. off; past; beyond.— prep, out of; 
from ; from the direction of. — adj. deranged 
mentally. — v. to go or run off. 

Aff-book, adv. extempore ; without notes or 
book. 

Aff-braek, n. a break-off ; any part disrupted 
from the whole. 

Aff-cast, n. a castaway ; anything cast off. 

Aff-come, n. issue ; escape ; an evasion ; an 
apology ; excuse. 

Affect, v. used of lands : to burden them. 

tAffeiring, ppl. appertaining to ; proportionate. 
Cf. Effeir. 

Aff-fa'in', n. a scrap ; a dropping ; a per- 
quisite ; a decline ; a falling off ; a person 
or thing that falls off or away from ; off- 
scouring. 

Aff-fall, «. a scrap ; a piece fallen off. 

Aff-fend, v. to ward off. 

Aff-gain', «. outset. Cf. Aff-going. 

Aff-gang, n. outlet ; an ' off-go.' 

Aff-ganging, adj. used of a tenant : leaving 
his farm. — n. the proportion of crop due to 
such a tenant by his successor. 

Aff-gate, «. an outlet or market for goods. 

Aff-go, n. a start ; beginning. 

Aff-going, n. outset ; departure ; death. 

Aff-han', adv. instantly ; on the spur of the 
moment; extempore. — adj. plain-spoken; 
blunt ; plain. 

Aff-handit, adj. written or done on the spur 
of the moment. 

tAffidat, ppl. adj. affianced. 

Affin-hand, adj. and adv. 'aff-han'.' 

Aff-Iat, n. an outlet ; any outlet for water at 
a roadside ; a great show-off ; a temporary 
respite from work ; a short holiday. 

Aff-loof, -lufe, adv. off-hand; extempore; 
without premeditation ; from memory ; 
without book or notes. 



Affordell, adj. alive ; yet remaining. Cf. Fordel. 

Aff-put, Aff-pit, n. delay ; an evasion ; pre- 
tence for delay ; a makeshift ; one who 
delays. 

Aff-putting, ppl. adj. loitering ; trifling ; 
procrastinating. 

Affront, v. to disgrace, put to shame. — n. 
disgrace ; shame. 

Affrontedly, adv. with a bold, shameless front; 
shamelessly. 

Affrontless, adj. shameless ; past feeling. 

Aff-set, n. dismission ; dismissal ; an excuse ; 
pretence ; what ' sets - off ' or becomes a 
person or thing; an ornament; recommen- 
dation ; outset ; delay ; hindrance ; illness. 

Aff-side, n. the farther side ; the off-side. 

Aff-tak, re. a piece of waggery ; ' chaff' ; a wag ; 
mimic ; one who turns another to ridicule. 

Aff-takin', ppl. adj. poking fun ; taking-off in 
ridicule. 

Affward, adv. away ; off. 

Ariel', adv. abroad ; in the fields ; from home. 

Afire, adv. on fire. 

Afit, adv. afoot. 

Aflat, adv. flat. 

Aflaught, adv. lying flat. 

Afley, v. to dismay; discomfit ; to frighten. 

Aflooht, Aflought, ppl. agitated ; fluttered ; 
flustered. 

Afoord, v. to afford. 

Afore, adv. in front. — prep, before. — conj. ere. 

Afore-fit, adv. indiscriminately ; without any 
exception. 

Afore-hand, adv. beforehand. 

Afore-lang, adv. shortly, erelong 

Afore-syne, adv. formerly ; previously. 

Afore-the-stern, re. a large sleeping-bunk in 
a fishing-boat. 

Afouth, adv. enough ; in plenty ; in numbers. 
Cf. Fouth. 

Afrist, adv. on credit ; in a state of delay. 
Cf. Frist. 

Aft, adv. oft ; often. 

Aft-crap, re. stubble-grass ; aftermath. 

Aft-crap, v. to take two successive similar 
crops from the same field. 

Aften, adv. often. 

After, prep, courting ; in pursuit of ; past. — 
adv. afterwards; left over; with ppl. denotes 
an action just about to take place, or one 
that has just taken place. 

After ane, adj. alike ; uniform. — adv. similarly. 

Afteroast, re. consequence ; result. 

Afterclap, re. disastrous result ; evil issue. 

Aftercome, re. consequence. 

Aftergait, adj. proper ; seemly ; moderate ; 
tolerable. 

Aftergang, v. to follow ; to go after. 

Afterheid, re. grass in the stubble after harvest. 

Afterhin', Afterhend, adv. afterwards ; behind. 



Afterings 

Afterings, n. the remainder ; surplus ; the 
last milk drawn from a cow ; consequences. 

After ither, adj. resembling each other. — v. 
to follow each other in succession. 

Afternoon, n. afternoon refreshment. 

Aftershot, n. the last whisky that comes from 
the still. 

Afterstang, n. the pain that follows certain 
pleasures. 

Aftersupper, n. the time between supper 
and bedtime. 

Afterwald, ». the ' outfield ' part of a farm. 

Aftwhiles, adv. often ; ofttimes. 

Afward, adv. off; away from. Cf. Affward. 

Again, prep, against ; averse or opposed to ; 
before ; in time for. — adv. at another in- 
definite time. — conj. by the time that ; until. 

Again-call, v. to recall ; gainsay. 

Again-calling, n. revocation. 

Again-give, v. to restore. 

Again-say, v. to recall. 

Against, conj. in readiness for ; before. 

Agait, adv. astir ; afoot ; on the road ; away ; 
at a distance ; astray ; at a loss. 

Agaitward, adv. on the way ; on the road ; 
on the way towards. 

Agate, n. a glass marble of variegated colour. 

Agate, adv. astir ; afoot. Cf. Agait. 

A' gates, adv. everywhere ; in all directions ; 
all ways. 

Agatting, ppl. gathering together. 

Agee, adj. awry ; crooked ; ajar ; off one's 
balance. — adv. aside. 

Agent, n. one's lawyer, solicitor, &c. — v. to 
act as such ; to manage. 

Agenter, n. an agent ; solicitor. 

+Aggrege, Aggrage, v. to aggravate ; to en- 
hance ; to increase. 

Agitate, v. to discuss thoroughly. 

Agitation, n. a heated discussion ; a debate. 

Aglee, Agley, Aglie, Agly, adv. off the 
straight ; obliquely ; amiss ; in an immoral 
direction ; unsuccessfully after all scheming. 

Agog, adv. adrift ; loose, ' to the winds. ' 

Agone, adv. ago. 

Agonizing, ppl. suffering the death-throes. 

Agree, v. agree with ; agree to ; with with, 
to like an article of food, to partake of it 
without subsequent discomfort ; to settle 
business ; to reconcile. Cf. Gree. 

Agreeable, adj. willing ; compliant ; kind ; 
obliging ; with to, in accordance with. 

Agreeanee, n. agreement ; harmony. Cf. 
Greeance. 

Agroof, Agrouf, Agrufe, adv. on one's belly ; 
prone ; grovelling. Cf. Grouf. 

Agrue, adv. in a shudder. Cf. Grue. 

Agyaun, ppl. agoing. 

Ahame, adv. at home ; within doors. 

Aha.n, n. a horse ; a cow a year old. 



Ail 

Ahechie, int. an excl. of ludicrous contempt. 

Cf. Hech. 
Ahin, Ahint, Ahent, prep, behind ; after ; at 

the back of. — adv. late ; behind in time ; 

behindhand ; backward ; in error ; in debt ; 

in arrear. 
A-hishi-baw, n. a lullaby. Cf. Hushie-ba. 
Ahomel, adv. bottom upwards ; upside-down. 

Cf. Awhummel. 
Ah-wa, int. an excl. of surprise, contempt, &c. 
Aiblach, h. a dwarf; a worthless person. Cf. 

Ablach. 
Aiblins, adv. perhaps ; possibly. Cf. Ablins. 
Aich, n. an echo. — v. to echo. 
Aichan, «. a small marine bivalve used for 

bait. Cf. Achen. 
Aicher, n. an ear of barley ; a head of oats 

or barley. Cf. Icker. 
Aicherd, ppl. adj. used of grain : eared. 
Aicht, ppl. possessed of. Cf. Aucht. 
Aichus, n. a heavy fall causing strong respira- 
tion. Cf. Haiches. 
Aidle, n. the urine of cattle. Cf. Addle. 
Aidle-hole, n. a hole to receive 'aidle.' 
Aifer, n. ground exhalations on a warm day. 
Aifrins, n. the last milk drawn from a. cow ; 

' afterings. ' 
Aiftland, n. the ' infield ' part of a farm, made 

to bear oats after barley without fresh 

manure. Cf. Aith. 
Aig, v. to work persistently and eagerly. 
Aigar, Aiger, «. grain dried very much in a 

pot before being ground in a hand-mill. 
Aigar-brose, n. ' brose ' made with ' aigar - 

meal. ' 
Aigar-meal, n. the meal of ' aigar ' ; a mixture 

of oatmeal and peasemeal. 
Aigh, v. to owe. 

Aighins, n. debt ; correction for faults. 
Aight, v. to own ; to owe. Cf. Aucht. 
+ Aiglet, ti. a tagged bootlace ; a jewel in a cap. 
+Aigre, adj. sour. 
Aik, n. an oak. 
Aiken, adj. oaken. 
Aiken, n. a small marine bivalve, used for 

bait. Cf. Aichan. 
Aiken Drum, n. the name of an unprepossess- 
ing but beneficent ' brownie.' 
Aiker, n. an acre. Cf. Acker. 
Aiker, n. the break or movement made in the 

water by a fish swimming rapidly. 
Aiker-braid, n. the breadth of an acre. 
Aikerit.ppl. adj. of grain : eared. Cf. Aicherd. 
Aikie guineas, n. children's name for small 

flat pieces of shells bleached by the sea. 
Aikle, 11. a molar tooth. 
Aikraw, n. the pitted, warty lichen. 
Aik-snag, n. the broken bough of an oak. 
Ail, v. to affect with pain ; to be unwell or 

suffering in body; to have something amiss; 



Aile 



Aixies 



with at, to be dissatisfied with ; to hinder, 
prevent. — n. an illness, ailment. 

+Aile, n. an aisle. Cf. Aisle. 

Ailickey, n. the bridegroom's man and mes- 
senger at a wedding. Cf. Allekay. 

Ailing, n. sickness ; ailment. 

Ailis, Ailiss, n. a large glowing fire. 

Ailsa-cock, -parrot, n. the puffin. 

Aim, n. a blast of hot air ; vapour. Cf. Oam. 

Ain, adj. own. 

Ain, v. to own ; to acknowledge. 

Aince, Aincin, adv. once. 

Ainlie, adj. familiar ; friendly. 

Ains, Ainse, adv. once. 

Ainsel', n. own self. 

Air, n. a small quantity of anything ; a pinch 
of snuff; a whiff; a taste. — v. to taste. 

Air, n. a sandbank ; a beach. 

Air, «. an oar. 

Air, adj. early. — adv. long since. Cf. Ear, Ere. 

Air, v. to fan ; to take off the chill, &c. 

Air, Aire, n. an itinerant court of justice. 

Airch, n. an arch ; an aim. — v. to aim ; to 
let fly a missile. 

Airch, adj. timorous ; hesitating ; undecided ; 
scanty ; insufficient. — adv. scantily ; in- 
sufficiently; scarcely. Cf. Argh. 

Aircher, «. a marksman. 

Air-cock, n. a weathercock. 

Airel, n. a pipe made from a reed ; a wind 
instrument ; mpl. musical tones of any kind. 

Airgh, adj. hollow, needing to be made up to 
level. Cf. Argh. 

Airgh, v. to hesitate ; to be reluctant. Cf. Argh. 

Air-goat, n. the snipe. 

Airie, n. hill pasture ; an opening in the hills ; 
a summer residence for a herdsman ; a 
' sheilin.' 

Airish, adj. chilly. 

Airle, Airl-penny, n. earnest - money ; an 
earnest. Cf. Aries-penny. 

Airles, n. earnest-money. Cf. Aries. 

Aim, 11. iron; mfil. fetters. — v. to iron. 

Airness, n. earliness. 

Airny, adj. hard or strong as iron. 

Air-oe, n. a great-grandchild. Cf. Ier-oe. 

Air-up, adj. early up. 

Airt, re. the quarter of the heavens ; point of 
compass ; the direction of the wind ; a 
direction ; way. — v. used of the wind : to 
blow from a certain quarter ; to urge 
onward ; to incite to mischief; to irritate ; 
to point out the way to a place ; to direct ; 
to turn in a certain direction ; to tend 
towards ; to aim at ; to find out, discover. 

Airt, n. art. 

Airtan, re. direction ; the placing towards a 
point of the compass. 

Airt-an'-pairt, adj. accessory to ; aiding and 
abetting. 



Airter, n. an inciter. 

Airth, 11. point of the compass. Cf. Airt. 

Airtie, adj. artful ; dexterous ; ingenious. 

Airtily, adv. artfully. 

Airtiness, n. artfulness. 

Airy, adj. showy ; pretentious ; conceited. 

Air-yesterday, n. the day before yesterday. 
Cf. Ere-yesterday. 

Air-yestreen, n. the night before last. Cf. 
Ere-yestreen. 

Aise, re. ashes. Cf. Ase. 

Aise-backet, n. a wooden box for holding or 
carrying ashes. 

Aishan, «. stock ; brood ; family ; a term of 
contempt. 

Aishin, Aisin, n. the eaves of a house. Cf. 
Easing. 

Aislar, «. ashlar. 

Aislar-bank, n. *. reddish bank, with project- 
ing rocks in a perpendicular form, resembling 
ashlar-work. 

tAisle, ». a passage between pews ; a projec- 
tion from the body of a church ; a wing of 
a transept ; an enclosed and covered burial- 
place adjoining a church, but not part of 
it ; a mausoleum. 

Aisle, v. to dry in the sun ; to dry on the 
surface. — re. drying by the sun ; the first 
process of drying linen. Cf. Haisle. 

Aisle-tooth, n. a molar tooth. 

Ait, re. a custom ; a bad habit. Cf. Ett. 

Ait, n. an eating ; a feed ; a feast. 

Aiten, adj. oaten. 

Aiten, n. a partridge. 

Aiten, re. a giant ; a hobgoblin. Cf. Ettin. 

Aiten, re. the juniper. 

Ait-farle, n. the quarter of a circular oatcake. 

Aith, n. an oath. 

Aith, n. the ' infield ' part of a farm, made to 
bear oats after barley without fresh manure. 

Aith, adj. easy. Cf. Eith. 

Aither, v. to weave straw or coir ropes on the 
thatch of a stack or roof. Cf. Ether. 

Aither, re. an adder. Cf. Ether, Edder. 

Aither, adj. pron. and conj. either. 

Aitherens, adv. and conj. either. Cf. Eitherins. 

Aitherins, re. ropes woven crosswise on 
thatch. Cf. Etherins. 

Aitherns, conj. either ; rather. Cf. Eitherens. 

Aitliff-crap, n. the crop after barley. 

Aitnach, re. the juniper ; in pi. juniper berries. 

Aitseed, n. oat-sowing and its season. 

Aiver, n. a gelded he-goat. Cf. Aver. 

Aiver, n. an old horse. Cf. Aver. 

tAiverie, adj. very hungry. 

Aiverin, ». the cloudberry. Cf. Averin. 

Aivering, ppl. adj. eager for, hungering. 

Aivrin, n. the larboard. 

Aixies, n. the access of an ague ; hysterics. 
Cf. Exies. 



Aix-tree 



Always 



Aix-tree, n. an axle-tree. 

Aize, n. a large glowing fire. Cf. Auze. 

Aizle, n. a hot ember ; a live coal. Cf. 
Eyzle. 

Aisle-tooth, n. a molar tooth. Cf. Aisle- 
tooth. 

Ajee, adj. awry. Cf. Agee. 

Alabast-beer, n. a superior kind of beer. 

Alacampine, «. elecampane ; a coarse candy. 

Alagust, n. suspicion. Cf. Allagust. 

Alaigh, adv. below, as to situation relative to 
another place. 

Alakanee, int. alas ! 

Alake, Alacke, int. alas ! 

tAlamod, n. a fashionable kind of cloth. 

Alane, adj. alone. 

Alanerlie, adv. only ; solely. — adj. only ; 
sole. Cf. Allanerly. 

Alang, adv. and prep, along. 

tAlavolee, adv. at random. Cf. Allavolie. 

Albuist, conj. though ; albeit. 

Aid, adj. old. Cf. Auld. 

Ale-brewin, n. in pkr. 'a sma' ale-brewin,' 
courting with a view to marriage. 

Alee, adv. to the leeward. 

Aleen, adj. alone. 

Alenth, adv. in the direction of the length. 

Ale-saps, n. wheaten bread boiled in beer. 

Aless, conj. unless. 

Algates, adv. in every way ; by all means ; 
however ; at all events. 

Alicht, v. to alight. 

Alicreesh, n. liquorice; 'black sugar.' 

Aliftin, adj. unable to rise from weakness. 

Alikay, n. the bridegroom's man. Cf. Allekay. 

Aliment, n. parochial relief to paupers ; sum 
given by law for support of a wife or child 
in cases of separation, &c, or of an ille- 
gitimate child in cases of affiliation. — v. to 
pay such aliment ; to maintain, support. 

Alis, int. a sudden cry of pain. 

Alist, adv. hi phr. to 'come alist,' to recover 
from faintness or decay ; to revive ; to 
recover from a swoon. — adj. alive. 

Alkin', adj. of every kind. 

Allagrugous, adj. grim; ghastly ; discontented - 
looking. 

tAUagust, n. suspicion. 

Allakey, n. the bridegroom's man. Cf. 
Allekay. 

Allanerly, adj. sole ; alone. — adv. solely ; 
exclusively ; quite alone. 

Allanhawk, n. the great northern diver ; 
Richardson's skua. 

Allar, n. the alder. 

Allars, n. garden walks ; alleys like garden 
walks. 

tAllavolie, Alle-volie, adj. giddy ; volatile. — 
adv. at random. 

Allege, v. to confirm. 



Allegiance, a. allegation. 

tAHekay, n. the bridegroom's man and mes- 
senger at a wedding. 

tAUemand, v. to conduct or escort in a 
formal manner. 

Aller, k. the alder. 

AHerish, adj. weird ; uncanny ; surly ; of 
weather : chilly ; of a sore or wound : 
painful ; fretted. Cf. Eldritch. 

Alleviation, n. palliation of an offence. 

All-heal, n. the mistletoe. 

Allicomgreenyie, n. a girls' game, like 'drop- 
handkerchief.' 

Allister, adj. sane ; compos mentis ; all astir. 

Alio, adv. and prep, below. Cf. Alow. 

Allocate, v. to apportion the sums due by 
each landholder in a parish in an augmenta- 
tion of a parish minister's stipend ; to assign 
seats in a parish church. 

All one's lane, phr. quite alone. 

Alloo, v. to allow ; to order. 

All out, adv. in a great degree ; beyond com- 
parison. 

All out, adj. rhistaken ; disappointed. — adv. 
too late. 

All over, prep, over and above. 

t Allow, v. to order ; to approve of ; to oblige. 
— n. the way in which trees were made to 
fall when cut down. 

tAUowance, n. approbation. 

Allure, ». a lure ; an attraction ; an induce- 
ment. 

Allutterly, Alluterlie, adv. wholly ; com- 
pletely. 

Allycriesh, «. liquorice. Cf. Alicreesh. 

Aim, n. alum. Cf. Aum. 

tAlmanie-whistle, n. a small flageolet used 
by children. 

Almery, n. a cupboard. Cf. Aumrie. 

Almous, n. alms ; a dole ; a meritorious act. 

Almous-dish, n. a beggar's dish for alms. 

Alona, n. a term of endearment. 

Alonely, adv. only ; solely. 

Alow, adv. and prep, below. 

Alow, Alowe, adv. on fire ; ablaze. 

Alpuist, conj. although. Cf. Albuist. 

Alrich, Alrisch, adj. weird ; unearthly. Cf. 
Eldritch. 

Airy, adj. weird; unearthly. Cf. Eldritch. 

Alse, adv. else. 

Alshin, Alson, n. a shoemaker's awl. Cf. 
Elsin. 

Alshinder, n. the horse-parsley. 

Alter, n. a change ; a change of weather. 

Alterchange, v. to exchange. 

Alunt, adv. ablaze, aflame. 

Alutterly, adv. wholly. Cf. Allutterly. 

tAlvertly, adv. utterly. 

Always, adv. still. 

Always, conj. notwithstanding. 



Amains o' 

Amains o', in phr. 'teen amains o',' taken in 

hand ; apprehended and dealt with. 
Amaiat, adv. almost. 
Am and, n. a penalty. 

Amang, prep, among ; in; into; together with. 
Amang hands, phr. ' in the meantime ' ; ' at 

hand'; 'in process'; 'among other things.' 
Amaton, n. a thin, bony person ; an oppro- 
brious term. 
Ambry, n. a chest ; a cupboard ; a pantry. 

Cf. Aumrie. 
tAmel, n. enamel. 
Amerciate, v. to amerce. 
Amers, n. embers. 
Amind, adj. of a mind. 
fAmission, n. loss ; forfeiture. 
tAmit, v. to lose ; a legal term, to forfeit. 
Ami tan, n. a weak, foolish person ; one given 

to excess of anger. 
Ammel, n. a swingle-tree. 
Ammer-goose, n. the great northern diver or 

ember-goose. 
Amo', prep, among. 
Amond, Amon't, phr. ' among it.' 
tAmove, Amow, v. to vex ; to move to anger ; 

to rouse. 
Amplefeyst, n. a fit of the sulks or spleen ; 

needless talk. 
Amplush, v. to nonplus in argument. 
tAmry, n. a cupboard ; a plate-rack placed 

on the top of a kitchen-dresser. Cf. 

Aumrie. 
Amshach, n. an accident ; a misfortune. 
Amshack, n. a noose ; a fastening. 
Amuve, v. to vex ; to rouse. Cf. Amove. 
An, adj. equal ; the same. 
An, prep, before ; ere ; by the time of. 
An', conj. and. 
An, conj. if; although. 
'An, conj. than. 
An' a', phr. ' et cetera ' ; and everything else ; 

also. 
Ana, Anay, n. a river-island, a. holm ; an 

'ey ' or 'ae.' 
Analie, v. to alienate property. 
Analier, n. one who alienates property. 
Anam, n. a spectre ; a ghost. 
Anan, int. an interrogative excl. : ' What did 

you say ? ' 
Anatomy, n. a skeleton ; a. thin, bony person ; 

a term of contempt for a man. 
Ance, adv. once. 
Anchor-stock, n. a large, long rye-loaf. Cf. 

Anker-stock. 
Ancient, adi. used of children, staid ; de- 
mure ; precocious. 
Ancientry, n. antiquity; precociousness in 

children. 
Anciety, n. antiquity. 
Ancleth, n. an ankle. 



Annat 

And, conj. if. Cf. An. 

Andirmess, Andirmaa, «. St Andrew's Day, 
Nov. 30. 

tAndlet, n. a very small ring ; a mail. 

Andrea Ferrara, n. a basket-hilted Highland 
broadsword. 

Ane, adj. one. — n. a single person or thing. 

Aneath, prep, and adv. beneath ; under. 

Anee, int. an excl. of sorrow. 

Anent, Anenst, prep, opposite to ; in front 
of ; over against ; side by side with ; about ; 
concerning ; in competition with. 

Anerly, adv. alone ; singly. — adj. single ; soli- 
tary ; given to solitude. 

Anemias, n. St Andrew's Day. Cf. Andir- 
mess. 

Anery, n. a children's term in a counting-out 
game. Cf. Onerie. 

Anes, adv. once. 

Ane's errand, n. an exclusive errand ; express 
purpose. Cf. End's errand. 

Aneth, prep, and adv. beneath ; under. Cf. 
Aneath. 

Aneuch, Aneugh, adj. enough, used of 
quantity. — adv. sufficiently. 

Anewal, adj. lying on the back. Cf. Neval. 

Anew, adj. enough, used of numbers. 

Anew, prep, and adv. below ; beneath. 

Anger, v. to become angry ; to grieve. — n. 
grief. 

Angersome, adj. annoying ; provoking ; vexa- 
tious. 

Angleberry, n. an excrescence on the feet of 
sheep and cattle. 

Angry, adj. used of a sore : inflamed. 

Angry teeth, n. the fragment of a rainbow 
appearing on the horizon, and when seen on 
the north or east indicating bad weather. 

Anie, u. a little one. 

Aniest, prep, near ; next to. 

Aniest, prep, on this side of. 

Animose, adj. hearty ; spontaneous. 

Animositie, n. hardihood; firmness; courage. 

Anist, prep, near to. Cf. Aniest. 

Anist, prep, on this side of. Cf. Aniest. 

Anither, adj. and pron. another. 

fAnker, n. a. liquid measure of about four 
gallons used by smugglers for convenience 
of carriage on horseback ; a dry measure, 
like the ' firlot,' for measuring potatoes. 

Ankerly, adv. unwillingly. 

Ankerstock, «. a large, oblong rye loaf; 
sometimes one of wheat. 

Ann, «. a half-year's stipend legally due to a 

■ deceased parish minister's heirs, over and 
above what was due to him at the date of 
his death in his incumbency. 

Annal, n. yearly income, produce, or ground- 
rent. 

Annat, n. half-year's stipend due as ' ann. ' 



Anno 

Anno, v. to keep a boat's head to the wind 

while fishing with rod or line. 
Annosman, n. the man who ' annos ' a boat. 
tAnnoy, n. annoyance. 
Annual, n. annual feu-duty ; annual income 

or interest. 
Annual-rent, n. yearly interest. 
Annuity, n. yearly house-rent. 
Anonder, Anoner, prep, under. — adv. beneath. 

Cf. Arumder. 
Anower, prep, in or into and over. — adv. 

within ; under. Cf. Inower. 
Arise, conj. else ; otherwise. Cf. Ense. 
Answer, v. to supply with sufficient funds 

from a distance ; of a colour : to suit, 

become. 
Anter, v. to venture ; to chance ; to wander ; 

to saunter. 
Antercast, n. a misfortune ; an accident ; 

mischance. 
Anterin, ppl. adj. wandering ; occasional ; 

meeting occasionally. — n. an occasional 

meeting or thing, &c. 
Anthony-over, n . the game of throwing a ball 

over a house from the one party to the other. 
Antic, n. an oddity ; an eccentric person ; ' a 

spectacle ' ; in pi. odd ways, dress, tricks. 
Anti-lifters, n. a name given to those who 

objected to the minister at the Communion 

lifting the bread before the thanksgiving. 

Cf. Lifter. 
Antle, v. to keep harping on a grievance ; 

to go on fault-finding, complaining, or 

grumbling. 
Antonmas, n. St Anthony's Day, Jan. 17 

N.S., Jan. 29 o.s. 
Antrin, ppl. adj. occasional. Cf. Anterin. 
Anunder, adv. beneath. — prep, underneath. 
Anwell, n. annual feu-duty, income, or in- 
terest. Cf. Annual. 
A'oot, adj. mistaken. — adv. too late. Cf. All 

out. 
A'owre, prep, over and above. Cf. All over. 
Apen, v. to open. — adj. open. 
Apen-furth, n. the free air ; an open exposure. 
Apenin, n. a gap ; opening. 
Apenly, adv. openly. 
tApert, adj. open ; manifest ; avowed. 
Apery, n. scandalous imitation of what is 

sacred. 
Apiece, Apiest, conj. although. Cf. Alpuist. 
Aplace, adv. in this place ; here. 
Aploch, n. a dwarf ; carrion ; a remnant ; 

in pi. corners of corn-fields or of meadows 

left unmowed for the supposed benefit of the 

warlocks, to keep their favour. Cf. Ablach. 
Apo', Apon, prep. upon. 
Apotheck, n. a lot ; collection ; concern. Cf. 

Hypothec. 
Appeal, v. to challenge to a duel. 



Argument 

Appell, v. to cease to rain. Cf. Uppal. 

Appety, n. appetite. 

Apple-glory, n. apple-blossom. 

Apple-ringie, «. southernwood. 

Apple-rose, n. Rosa villosa. 

tApport, v. to bring ; to conduce. 

Approve, v. to bring proof. 

Approven, ppl. adj. approved. 

Appryse, v. to value for distraint. 

Apprysing, n. the act of valuing for distraint ; 
such valuation. 

April-gowk, n. April fool. 

Apron, n. the abdomen of a crab. 

Apurpose, adv. intentionally ; expressly. 

+Aqua, Aquavitse, n. whisky ; spirits. 

Aqueesh, prep, between. Cf. Atweesh. 

Ar, adj. early. Cf. Air. 

Arage, n. servitude due by tenants in men 
and horses to their landlords. Cf. Average. 

tArbres, ». an arrangement of trees marking 
distances in the game of the mall. 

tArch, v. to aim. — n. an aim. Cf. Airch. 

Arch, adj. timorous; hesitating; scanty. — v. 
to hesitate. Cf. Argh. 

Archer, n. one who throws. 

Archilagh, Archilowe, n. the return which 
a guest who has been treated makes to 
the tavern company who were hosts. 

Archness, n. shyness ; timidity ; reluctance. 
Cf. Arghness. 

Ardent, n. whisky. 

Are, adj. early. Cf. Air. 

fAred, v. to erase, remove. 

Arend, v. used of a horse : to rear. 

Argh, adj. timorous ; apprehensive ; hesitat- 
ing ; reluctant ; scanty ; insufficient.— adv. 
scarcely ; insufficiently. — v. to be timid ; to 
hesitate. 

Arghness, 11. shyness ; timidity ; awe ; re- 
luctance. 

Argie, v. to argue ; to wrangle. — n. an asser- 
tion in a dispute. 

Argie-bargie, n. a contention ; a quarrel. — 
v. to contend. 

Argie-bargiement, n. wrangling ; contention. 

Argie-, Argey-reerie, n. a wrangle ; a scolding. 

Argle-bargle, v. to bandy words, cavil, dis- 
pute. 

Argle-bargler, n. a. caviller, a contentious 
person. 

Argle-bargling, -barging, n. cavilling, conten- 
tion. 

Argol-bargol, v. to 'argle-bargle.' 

Argol-bargolous, adj. quarrelsome ; conten- 
tious about trifles. 

Argoseen, n. the lamprey. 

Argufy, v. to argue ; to signify, matter. 

Argument, n. the subject of a Latin version 
or piece of English dictated at school to be 
turned into Latin. 



Arguy-barguy 

Arguy-barguy, v. to ' argie-bargie. ' 

Arguy-barguying, n. contention. 

Aricht, adv. rightly ; aright. 

Ark, n. a large wooden chest for holding 
meal, flour, &c. 

Ark, n. the masonry in which the water-wheel 
of a mill moves. 

Ark, n. a formation of clouds supposed to 
resemble Noah's ark. 

Ark-bane, n. the bone called the os pubis. 

Arle, v. to give an earnest of any kind ; to 
pay money to confirm a bargain ; to engage 
for service by payment of a coin as earnest 
of wages ; to beat severely. 

Aries, n. money paid as an earnest ; money 
given to a servant on engagement ; one's 
deserts ; a thrashing. 

Aries-penny, Arle-penny, n. an earnest ; the 
pledge-token ; a coin given on engaging 
a servant. 

Arlich, Arlitsh, adj. sore ; fretted ; painful. 

Arling, n. the giving of arles. 

Arm, v. to give one's arm to ; to walk arm- 
in-arm. 

Armless, adj. unarmed. 

Arn, «. the alder. 

Arn, 11. the awn of wheat or barley. 

Araet, Arnit, Arnot, it. a shrimp. 

Arnot, Arnut, n. the pig-nut or earth-nut. — 
phi: ' lea arnot,' a stone lying in a field. 

A-road, adv. here and there ; in disorder. 

Aron, n. the Arum maculatum or wake- 
robin, cuckoo's pint. 

Arr, 11. a scar left by a wound or sore ; the 
mark of smallpox ; a grudge ; ill-feeling. 

Arrage, it. service of tenants to landlords in 
men, horses, &c. Cf. Average. 

Arran-ake, n. the red-throated diver. 

tArras, Aires, it. the angular edge of any- 
thing, of a stone ; the tips of the little 
ridges laid by the plough. 

Arrayed, ppl. adj. used of a mare in season. 

Arred, ppl. adj. marked by smallpox ; scarred. 

Arrisat, n. an ancient dress of Hebridean 
women. 

Arrow, adj. shy; timid; reluctant. Cf. Argh. 

Arse, n. the fundament of a person ; the rump 
of an animal ; the bottom or hinder part of 
anything. — v. to move backwards ; push 
back ; to balk, defeat ; to back out of a 
promise, engagement, &c. ; to shuffle. 

Arse-bare, adj. with bare buttocks. 

Arse-burd, n. the backboard of a cart ; a 
tailboard. 

Arse-coekle, n. a hot pimple on any part of 
the body. Cf. Esscock. 

Arselins, adv. backwards. 

Arselins-coup, n. the act of falling backwards 
on the hams. 

Arset, Arset-back, adv. backwards. 



Ars^-verse, n. a spell on the side of a house 
to ward off fire. 

Arsin, n. shuffling. 

Art and part, plir. * aiding and abetting. ' 

Artful, adj. skilled in one's art or craft ; expert. 

Artificial, n. artificial manure in contrast to 
farm-dung. 

Artval-, Arvil-supper, n. the supper given 
after a funeral. 

Arty, adj. artful ; dexterous ; ingenious. 

As, adv. how. 

As, conj. than ; as if ; used to express the 
superlative degree, when occurring between 
an adj. and its immediate repetition. 

Asclent, adv. obliquely. Cf. Asklent. 

Ascrive, v. to ascribe. 

Ase, n. ashes. 

Ase-backet, n. a wooden box for removing 
ashes. 

Ase-hole, n. a hole beneath or in front of the 
grate or out-of-doors to receive ashes. 

Ase-midden, n. an ash-heap. 

Ase-packad, n. a box to contain ashes. 

Ase-pit, n. an ash-pit. 

Ase-puckle, n. a spark from the fire. 

Ashad, n. an 'ashet.' 

Ashen, adj. belonging to, or consisting of, 
ash-trees. 

tAshet, n. a large, flat, oval dish on which a 
joint is placed on the table. 

Ash-gray, adj. gray as ashes. 

Ashie-pattle, n. a neglected child ; a. dirty 
child or animal that lies about the hearth. 

Ashie-pet, n. an ' ashie - pattle ' ; an idle 
slattern ; a kitchen drudge. 

Ashiler, n. ashlar. 

ABh-, Ashen-keys, n. the seed-vessels of the ash . 

Aside, prep, beside ; near to ; compared with. 

Asil, n. a molar tooth. Cf. Aisle-tooth. 

Ask, n. a newt. 

Ask, n. a chain for fastening cattle in the stall ; 
the stake to which they are fastened. 

Ask, v. to publish the banns of marriage ; 
with out, used of a child : to ask permission 
to leave school for a few minutes. 

Asking, n. a petition, request ; the price asked. 

Asklent, adv. aslant ; obliquely ; dishonour- 
ably.—/;'^, across. 

Askoy, adv. asquint ; askew. 

Asled, adv. aslant. 

A-slew, adv. aslant. 

Aslin-tooth, n. a molar tooth. Cf. Aisle-tooth. 

Asloap, adv. aslant ; on the slope. 

A-slype, adv. aslant. 

Asol, v. to dry in the sun. Cf. Aisle. 

Asoond, adv. in a swoon. Cf. Aswoon. 

Aspait, adv. in flood ; in a ' spate. ' 

tAspar, adv. wide apart ; in a state of opposi- 
tion. 

Ass, n. ashes. Cf. Ase. 



Assal-tooth 

Assal-, Assle-tooth, ». a molar tooth. Cf. 
Aisle-tooth. 

iAssassinat, Assassinite, n. an assassin. 

Asseer, v. to assure. 

Assie, adj. abounding in ashes. 

Assie-pet, n. an idle slattern. Cf. Ashie-pet. 

Assignay, n. an assignee. 

Assilag, n. the storm-petrel. 

Assil-tree, n. an axle-tree. 

Assize, v. to try by jury. — n. a jury ; a tax ; 
a measure of fourteen gallons. 

Assize-fish, n. so many fish from each boat 
for liberty of anchorage, &c. 

Assize-herring, n. herring-duty ; a royalty on 
herring-fishing. 

Assizer, n. a juryman. 

tAssoilyie, Assoilzie, v. to acquit, absolve. 

Assort, v. to dress up ; to overdress. 

+Assuess, v. to accustom. 

Assy-pet, Assy-pod, n. a dirty little creature ; 
a slatternly woman. Cf. Ashie-pet. 

Assyth, v. to make compensation ; to satisfy 
for injury. 

Assythement, n. legal compensation ; atone- 
ment. 

Asteep, adv. in steep ; in a soaking condition. 

Asteer, adv. astir ; in confusion or bustle out 
of doors. 

Asterne, adj. austere in looks. Cf. Austern. 

Astid, adv. instead of. 

+Astit, Astid, adv. as soon ; rather ; as well as. 

Astraying, ppl. adj. straying ; wandering. 

Astren, adj. austere in looks ; ghastly in ap- 
pearance. Cf. Austern. 

Aatriok, v. to astrict. 

tAstrologian, n. an astronomer. 

tAstruct, v. to prove or confirm by investiga- 
tion. 

Aswaip, adv. aslant. 

Aswim, adv. afloat ; covered with water ; in 
a swim. 

Aswoon, adv. in a swoon. 

Asyle, n. an asylum ; a sanctuary. 

At, prep, used of feeling towards a person ; 
with ; towards ; with himself, in full pos- 
session of one's mind, &c. 

At, pron. who ; whom ; which ; that ; with a 
poss. pron. whose. 

'At, conj. that. 

At a will, phr. 'to one's utmost wish.' 

Atchison, n. a copper coin washed with silver, 
worth eight pennies Scots, or two-thirds of 
an English penny. 

Ate-meat, n. an idler who lives upon others. 

Ather, adj. and conj. either. 

Ather, n. an adder. 

Ather-bill, n. the dragon-fly. Cf. Adder-bell. 

tAther-cap, n. the dragon-fly. Cf. Adder-cap. 

Athil, n. a noble ; a prince. 

Athin, prep, and adv. within. 



10 



Auchtigen 



A' thing, phr. used in playing marbles : a 

claim for every advantage. 
Athis'd, adv. on this side. 
Athol-brose, n. a mixture of whisky and honey. 
Athoot, prep, without. — adv. outside. — conj. 

unless. 
Athort, adv. across ; far and wide ; abroad. — 

prep, across ; over ; through ; athwart ; 

along. 
Athraw, adv. awry ; off the straight ; acrosswise. 
A-tift, adv. on the alert. 
Ation, n. family ; stock ; brood ; used con- 
temptuously. Cf. Etion. 
Atomie, Atomy, n. a skeleton ; a term of 

contempt. Cf. Anatomy. 
Atour, At-ower, prep, across ; over ; ' out- 
over ' ; in spite of. — adv. over and above ; 

besides ; moreover ; at a distance away. 

Cf. Outower. 
Atry, adj. purulent ; fretful ; virulent. Cf. 

Attery. 
Attact, v. to attack. 
Attamie, «. a skeleton. Cf. Anatomy. 
Atter, n. poison ; purulent matter ; proud 

flesh ; ill-nature. 
Attercap, n. a spider ; an irascible person. 

Cf. Ettercap. 
Attery, adj. purulent ; fretful ; irascible ; grim ; 

virulent ; quarrelsome ; irritable. 
Attle, v. to intend ; to aim at. — n. an aim ; 

an attempt. Cf. Ettle. 
Attour, adv. out of the way; over and above. 

— v. to get out of the way. Cf. Atour. 
Attrie, adj. purulent ; irascible. Cf. Atteiy. 
Atwa, adv. in two. 

Atweel, adv. indeed ; truly ; of course. 
Atween, prep, between. 
Atweesh, Atweesht, p-ep. between. 
Atwixt, prep, between ; betwixt. 
Auch, adj. timorous. Cf. Argh. 
Auchan, n. a species of pear. 
Auchimuty, adj. mean ; paltry. 
Auchindoras, n. a large thorn-tree at the end 

of a house. 
Auchlet, n. a measure of meal, the eighth- 
part of a boll. 
Aucht, num. adj. eight. 
Aucht, v. ought. 
Aucht, Aught, v. to own ; to possess ; to 

owe ; to be indebted to. 
Aucht, Aught, ppl. possessed of. 
Aucht, Aught, n. property ; possession ; 

applied often contemptuously to persons ; 

opinion ; judgment ; 'eyes.' 
Aucht, n. duty ; place ; office. 
Aucht, pron. anything. — «. importance ; 

moment. 
Aucht-day, n. a common daily occurrence. 
Auchtigen, Auchtikin, n. the eighth-part of a 

barrel or half a ' firkin.' 



Auchtlins 

Auchtlins, Aughtlins, adv. in any or the least 

degree. 
Auchtsome, adj. consisting of eight persons, &c. 
Audie, n. a careless or stupid fellow ; a 

simpleton. 
Audiscence, n. audience ; hearing ; attention. 
Augh, int. an excl. of disgust or impatience. 
Aughimuty, adj. mean ; paltry. Cf. Auchimuty. 
Auld, Aul', adj. old ; eldest ; stale ; in 

arrears ; usual ; unreasonable ; great ; fine ; 

used jocularly of the devil with the 

following names : A' 111 Thing ; Ane ; 

Bobby ; Bogie ; Bo-ho ; Boy ; Carle ; Chap ; 

Chiel ; Clootie ; Donald ; Fellow ; Hangie ; 

Harry ; Hornie ; Mahoun ; Man ; Neil ; 

Nick ; Nickey ; .Nickie Ben ; Roughy ; 

Sandy ; Saunders ; Smith ; Sooty ; Thief ; 

Waghorn ; Whaup-neb. 
Auld-aunty, «. a grand-aunt. 
Auld-boy, n. an old man with youthful 

propensities, &c. 
Auld-day, n. an idle day after feasting or 

hard drinking. 
Auld-fangle, adj. old-fashioned. 
Auld-farrant, adj. old-fashioned ; precocious. 

— ». an old head on young shoulders. 
Auld-fashiontness, n. childish precocity. 
Auld-father, n. a grandfather. 
Auld fowk, adj. elderly people ; the parents 

of bride and bridegroom. 
Auld Gibbie, n. the common cod. 
Auld-headed, adj. sagacious ; shrewd. 
Auld Kirk, n. the Established Church of 

Scotland ; whisky. 
Auld Langsyne, n. old days of long ago ; old 

friendship. 
Auld Licht, adj. conservative in theology and 

church practices. — n. a. member of the 

' Secession ' Church. 
Auldlike, adj. old-looking. 
Auld-man'a-beard, u. the wild clematis. 
Auld-man's-bell, n. the blue-bell. 
Auld-man's-fauld, n. a portion of ground set 

apart for the devil. 
Auld-man's-milk, n. a potation of milk and 

whisky or rum. 
Auld-mither, n. a grandmother. 
Auld-mou'd, adj. sagacious in speech. 
Auldness, n. oldness ; age. 
Auldrife, Auldruff, adj. of the old style. 
Auld shanks, -shanky, «. death. 
Auld son, n. the eldest son. 
Auld sough, n. an habitual cant or whine. 
Auld threep, n. a legend ; tradition ; an old 

superstition. 
Auld-uncle, n. a granduncle. 
Auld-warld, -wardle, adj. ancient; old- 
fashioned. 
Auld wecht, n. more than one's fair share 

of brains. 



t Avail 

Auld wife, n. an old woman ; a great talker ; 

a chimney-cowl. 
Auld wife's necessary, n. a tinder-box. 
Auld woman, n. a chimney-cowl. 
Auld word, n. a proverb, saw. 
Auld-young, adj. middle-aged. 
Auld- Yule, n. Christmas o.s. 
Aum, n. alum. — v. to dress leather or paper 

with alum ; to thrash or beat soundly. 
Auman, n. a sound thrashing. 
Aumer, «. an ember. 
Aumeril, ». a stupid, unmethodical person ; a 

mongrel dog. 
Aumitant, «. an opprobrious term. Cf. 

Amaton. 
Aum-leather, n. white leather. 
Aumous, n. alms ; a kind deed. Cf. Alinous. 
Aum-paper, n. paper soaked in a solution of 

alum and water, and used as tinder. 
tAumrie, n. a cupboard ; a pantry ; a stupid 

person. 
Aumus, n. alms. Cf. Almous. 
Aun, n. &w&.—ppl. adj. owing. 
Aunch, adj. empty. 
Auncient, adj. ancient ; precocious. Cf. 

Ancient. 
Auner, n. an owner. 
Aunter, v. to venture ; to saunter, stroll. Cf. 

Anter. 
Aunterens, adv. occasionally ; perhaps. 
Auntern, adj. occasional. Cf. Anterin. 
Aunterous, adj. adventurous. 
Aunty, n. an aunt ; a loose woman ; a 

female brothel - keeper ; the ' bottle ' ; a 

debauch. 
Aur, n. a scar. Cf. Arr. 
Aurea, n. area. 
Aurgle-bargle, v. to wrangle. Cf. Argle- 

bargle. 
Aurnit, «. a pig-nut. Cf. Arnot. 
Aurrie, n. a passage in a church ; the un- 
seated ' area in a church before the intro- 
duction of fixed pews. 
Ause, n. ashes. Cf. Ase. 
Austern, adj. austere in looks ; frightful or 

ghastly in appearance. 
Austrous, adj. frightful ; ghastly. 
Author, n. ancestor ; predecessor ; one who 

transfers property to another ; an informant ; 

authority for a statement. 
Auwis-bore, n. a knot-hole in a board. Cf. 

Navus-bore. 
Aux, v. to ask. Cf. Ax. 
Aux-bit, n. a V-shaped nick, cut out of the 

hinder part of a sheep's ear. 
Auze, n. a blazing, glowing fire. 
Ava, adv. at all ; of all. 
Ava, int. an excl. of banter, ridicule, &c. 

Cf. Awa. 
Avail, 11. value ; worth ; property ; means. 



Aval i 

Aval, n. helplessness ; a helpless utnbxivm : 

prostration. — adj. helpless; prostrate; lying 

on the back and unable to move. — adi . 

helplessly; in a helpless condition. Cf. 

Awald. 
Aval, n. the second of two crops of corn, in 

the rotation of crops. Cf. A wild. 
Aval-broth, n. second day's broth. 
Aval-land, n. land laid down to be cropped. 
Aral-moon, k. the moon lying on its back. 
Aval-thrawn, adj. overthrown ; cast prostrate. 
tAvant curriers, «. the advanced guard of an 

army. 
Ave, «. the bucket of a mill-wheel. Cf. Awes. 
Avel, adj. of a sheep : lying on its had: ar.d 

unable to move. Cf. Awald. 
Aver, n. a beast of burden ; a cart-horse ; an 

old, outworn, worthless animal ; a stupid 

person. 
Aver, n. a gelded goat- 
Average, n. service of tenants to landlor is 

in men, horses, and carts. 
tAverile, ». ApriL 
Averin, Averan, ». the cloradherry. 
Avil, n. the second of two crops of com. 

Cf. Awald. 
iAvise, rc. advice ; counsel. — ' - to inform, 

mahe aware; to deliberate ju'.iciaiiy with a 

view to giving a decision. 
Avizandum, w. judicial consideration before 

giving Udgcoent. 
+Avoke, t . to call away ; to keep oft 
Avow, /'«/. an excL of sorrow ; alas I 
Avowe, 7Z. a declarat.cn ; a discovery : an 

avowal. 
Aw, ««/. aiL 
hM,prr/n. L 

Lw,ppl. adj. owning; owing. 
Awa, ztz/. excL of banter or contradiction. 
Awa', oafe. away ; along ; forward ; off; in 

the state of death ; ' departed ' ; in a reduce - : 

state of health ; in a decline ; lr. a swoon. 
Awa-galn, -gaun, atf/. outgoing ; departing. 

— k. dei/art 'ire ; death. 
Awald, Awa], ». the second of two crops of 

com ; a field lying the second year without 

being .Topped ; lea of the second year that 

has not been sown with artificial grasses. — 

oay. belonging to the second crop after lea ; 

of land laid down to be cropped. 
Awald, Await, atf/l used of a sheep or other 

animal : lying on its back and unable to rise. 
Awald-, Awal-aite, n. the second crop of oats 

after grass. 
Awald-, Awal-crap, n. the second crop after 

grass. 
Awald-, Awal-infield, n. the second crop after 

bear. 
Awald-, Awal -land. n. groond under a second 

crop. 



> Awnie 

Award, Awart, «a). of an animal : lying on 
its back ar.d uk o.-: to rise. Cf. Awald. 

Award-crap, ». a crop of com after several 
other-, in succestion. 

Awastle, a*, to the westward of ; at a dis- 
tance. 

Awat, <z«V. indeed ; truly. 

Awat, ». the second of two crops after corn ; 
ground ploughed after the first crop from 
gra--,. Cf. Av.-ald. 

Awat-crap, ». tne crop prodvoe-1 from grotnd 
So p. o»g ■'•-'- • 

Away-taking, ». aViuction. 

Aw-bond, Awbun', aa/. under restraint ; sub- 
missive to authority ; reverer.tiaL 

Awe, zc to own ; to owe. 

Awe-band, ». a band or rope for fastening 
cattle to the staite ; a person who in.pire- 
reverer.ee ; a oheoV. ; re-, train t. — z. to hir.o 
with an 'awe-band." 

Aweeh *'»A. ah v, ei. : well then ! well, well ! 

Aweers, <r*. . on the point of ; about to ; within 
a little ot 

Awelt, Awelled, ««>'. lying on the back ana 
una ..; to rise. Cfl Avald. 

Awerin, w. harvesting at so much per acre. 

Awes, n. used of a windmill : the sails or 
.l-.a:'-..; ofarnlji'.l-.eei: the bucket -. or floats. 

Awesome, <z#y. awful; awe-intsp-lrir.g ; appal- 
li ;.g. — «<fo. very; extremely. 

Awfaih ««/. simple ; sincere : honest. Ci 



AwfulBome, <k^£ awful ; dreadful. 

A'where, a«V. everywhere. 

A-whilt, aaj'. in a state of perturbation. 

A-whmrimel, «<&>. upside- eov. r. : bottom up- 
wards. 

A-wid, <r«J. eager : anxious ; longing for. 

A-will, «* . of one's own accord ; of ttsea. 
j Awin, a<^'. own ; proper. 

Awin, /^ /. owing. 

A wis, oA. certainly. 

A witters. os%c un vrlfingly. 

Awkart, /«/• athwart. 
j Awkir, ». a bit ; piece ; fragment. 

Awkward-crap, «. a crop of com after several 
others in succession CC Award -crap. 
j Awl, «. in/Ar. 'to pack one's awl*,' ' 10 stick 
I one's awls in the wail ' ; to give anything cp 
as a bad business. 

Arm, n. altun. Cf- A"rt.. 

Awmous, «. alms. <_ r . Almous. 

Awmrie, «. a cupboard, pantry : «. fooU CC 
Anmrie. 

Awn, /Jftr'. o» ing. 

Awn, v. to own, acknowUdge. 

Awn, aa/1 own. Cf. Ain. 

Awner, «. owner. 

Awnie, a«y. used ' f vs-ley or wheat : having 
awns or beards. 



Awowe 

Awowe, int. an excl. of sorrow. Cf. Avow. 

Awp, n. the curlew, ' whaup. ' 

Awrige, n. the angular points, above the level 

of a ploughed field, into which the seed 

falls ; the edge of a stone, beam ; the edge 

of anything. Cf. Arras. 
Aws. n. the buckets of a mill-wheel driven by 

water ; the sails of a windmill. Cf. Awes. 
Awsk, n. a newt. Cf. Ask. 
Awsum, adj. frightful. 
Awte, ii. the direction in which a stone or piece 

of wood splits ; the grain ; a flaw in a stone. 
Awtus, «. a dwarf ; anything diminutive. 
Awytens, adv. unwittingly. Cf. Awittens. 
At 7: to ask. 

Axes, n. business with ; a right to meddle with. 
Axes, n. an ague-fit ; aches ; pains ; hysterics. 

Cf. Exies. 



13 Back 

Axle-tooth, 11. a molar tooth. Cf. Aisle- 
tooth. 

Ax-tree, 11. an axle- tree ; an axle. 

Ay, int. an excl. of surprise or wonder. 

Ay-de-mi, int. an excl. of regret, pity, 
sorrow, &c. 

Aye, adv. always ; continually ; still. 

Aye, adv. yea ; yes. 

Ayen, n. a beast of the herd of one year old ; 
a year-old child. 

Aye sure, adv. surely. 

Aynd, n. breath. — v. to whisper. Cf. Eind. 

Ayoke. adz: in the yoke for ploughing, 
carting, &c. 

Ayou, prep, beyond. 

A' yonner, p/ir. 'quite sane,' 'compos mentis.' 

Ayont, prep, beyond ; in excess of ; after ; 
later than. — adv. farther, beyond. 



Ba\ 11. a ball. 

Baa, v. to cry like a calf; to bleat like a 

sheep. — 11. a calf's cry; a sheep's bleat. 

Cf. Bae. 
Baa, v. to lull asleep. Cf. Baw. 
Baach, adj. disagreeable to the taste ; shy ; 

tired. Cf. Bauch. 
Baachle, n. an old shoe ; a clumsy person. — 

v. to shamble. Cf. Bauchle. 
Baak, 11. the first two furrows in ploughing a 

field, laid facing each other. Cf. Balk. 
Baak-ropes, n. the ropes on the upper edge 

of a drift-net. 
Baal, adj. bold. 
Baal-fire, «. any large fire ; a bonfire. Cf. 

Bale-fire. 
Baass, adj. used of potatoes : hollow in the 

heart. Cf. Boss. 
Bab, n. a nosegay ; a tassel ; a knot of rib- 
bons; a bunch of grass, corn, &c, growing 

above the rest. — v. to grow in luxuriant 

patches. 
Bab, n. a slight blow ; a taunt ; gibe. 
Bab, 11. the smartest and sprightliest lad or 

lass in a company. 
Bab, v. to bob ; to dance ; to pop in and 

out; to curtsey; to move quickly. — «. a 

dance ; a quick motion ; a curtsey ; a bow. 
Bab, v. to close, shut. 
Bab, r. to fish for- eels with worsted. 
Ba'-baises, 11. a particular game at ball ; 

? base-ball. Cf. Ball-baises. 
Bab-at-the-bowster, 11. an old Scottish dance, 

winding up festive gatherings ; a children's 

singing -game, played with a cushion or 

handkerchief. 
Babbanqua, 11. a quaking bog. 
Babber, 11. a fishing-float ; a poacher catching 

salmon with the illegal bob-net ; the hook 



used in fly-fishing, as distinguished from the 

' trailer.' Cf. Bobber. 
Babbis, z: to scoff, gibe. 
Babbity-bowster, 11. an old Scottish dance. 

Cf. Bab-at-the-bowster. 
Babble, adj. half-witted. — n. in pi. foolish 

nonsense ; nonsense that may be truth in 

reality. 
Babbs, «. particles of loose skin on the face 

when the beard has not been shaved for 

two or three days. 
Babby, n. a baby. 
Babie, n. a halfpenny. 
Babie-clouts, n. baby's napkins or clothes. 
Babie-pickle, «. the small grain lying in the 

bosom of a lower one, at the top of a stalk 

of oats. 
Babret, «. a kneading-trough. Cf. Back- 
bread. 
Bacchus' oil, «. spirituous liquor. 
Bach, int. an excl. of disgust. 
Bachelor-coal, «. dead coal which does not 

burn, but only turns white. 
Bachie, 11. a bachelor. Cf. Batchie. 
Bachille. Bachelle, n. a. pendicle or small 

piece of arable land. 
Bachie, n. an old, worn, or twisted shoe ; a 

person or thing of no account ; a bungle ; 

a butt ; a clumsy person. — <•. to distort ; to 

shamble ; to wear shoes out of shape : to 

walk loosely or in slippers. Cf. Bauchle. 
Bachram, Bachrim, «. an adhesive spot of 

dirt ; cow-dung, used as fuel or left to dry 

where it fell. 
Back, «. a wooden vessel for carrying peat, 

coal, &c. ; a brewer's large cooling-vat ; a 

vessel or board for kneading dough. 
Back, «. an instrument for toasting bread. 
Back, ». back premises or yard ; the outer- 



Back 

most board from a sawn tree ; a body of 
supporters ; a backing ; used of one who 
has changed his occupation or mode of 
living, or has seen better days ; also of any- 
thing worn out ; a refusal ; repulse. 

Back, v. to mount a horse ; to carry on one's 
back ; to address a letter ; to endorse a. 
bill ; to place at the back of. 

Back, adj. of crops : late ; backward. — adv. 
behindhand ; late. 

Back-aboot, adj. lonely ; out - of- the - way ; 
remote. 

Eack-an'-faee, adv. completely. 

Back-an'-fore, -forrit, adv. backwards and 
forwards. 

Baek-at-the-wa',/^?'. unfortunate ; in trouble ; 
at extremity. 

Back-band, n. the chain or strap passing over 
the cart or carriage saddle, and holding up 
the shafts. 

Back-band, n. a bond that nullifies or modifies 
a former one entered into for a special and 
temporary purpose. 

Back-bid, v. to bid at a sale simply to raise 
the price. 

Back-bind, n. the ' back-band ' of a cart- 
saddle, &c. 

Back-birn, n. a load on the back. 

Back-bit, n. a nick on the back part of a 
sheep's ear. 

Back-bond, n. a bond modifying one entered 
into temporarily. Cf. Back-band. 

Back-bone-links, n. the vertebrae ; the spine. 

Back-bread, n. a baking or kneading trough. 

Back-breed, -breeth, n. the breadth of the 
back ; a fall or throw on the back. 

Back-bur d, n. the larboard of a boat. 

Back-burd, n. the hind-board of a cart. 

Back-burden, n. a burden on the back. — v. 
to burden the back, weigh down. 

Back-ca', n. a recall ; a relapse ; a driving 
back ; a misfortune. 

Back-cast, n. a retrospect ; a review ; a re- 
lapse ; a misfortune. — adj. retrospective. 

Back-chap, «. a back-stroke. 

Back-come, n. a return. — v. to return ; used 
of food : to repeat in eructation. 

Back-coming, n. return. 

Back-creel, n. a fishwife's ' creel.' 

Back-door, n. the movable hinder-board of a 
cart, &c. 

Back-door-trot, n. diarrhoea. 

Back-draught, n. the convulsive gasp of a 
child with whooping-cough. 

Back-drawer, «. an apostate ; one who recedes 
from his former profession or course. 

Backend, n. the close of a season or of the 
year, autumn, winter ; the outlying part of 
a parish or district ; the place where mine 
rubbish io cast. 



14 



Back-jaw 



tBacket, n. a box or trough of wood to carry 
fuel, ashes, &c. ; a small wooden box with 
a perforated sloping lid, kept near the 
kitchen fireplace, for holding salt. 

Backet-stane, n. a stone on which the ' saut- 
backet ' rested. 

Back-fa', n. the side-sluice of a mill-lade or 
pond where the water runs off when a mill 
is not going ; a fall backwards ; a relapse. 

Back-faulds, «. fields at the back of, or at a 
distance from, a farmhouse. 

Back-fear, n. an object of fear from behind. 

Back-feast, n. the groomsman's return-feast 
for the wedding-feast given by the bride's 
friends. 

Back-friend, n. one who seconds or abets 
another ; a secret enemy ; a place of 
strength behind an army. 

Backfu', n. as much as can be carried on the 
back. 

Back-gain, n. a relapse ; decline ; consump- 
tion.^*//, adj. receding ; not healthy or 
prosperous. 

Backgane, ppl. adj. ill-grown; not thriven in 
health or business. 

Back-gangin', ///. adj. back - going ; not 
thriving. 

Back-gate, n. a back-road ; cunning ; immoral 
conduct. 

Back-half, n. the worse or latter half of an 
article. 

Backhander, n. a blow with the back of the 
hand ; a sarcastic retort ; an indirect snub. 

Back-hap, v. to draw back from an agreement. 

Back-hash, n. ill-natured, abusive talk. — v. to 
scold vigorously. 

Back-hicht, n. high excitement, great anger. 
— adv. as high as the ceiling. Cf. Balk- 
height. 

Backie, n. a lift or hoist on the back. 

Backie, n. the bat. 

Backie, n. a square wooden vessel for holding 
food for cattle, fuel, ashes, &c. 

Backie, n. the stake of a tether. Cf. Baikie. 

Backie-bird, n. the bat. 

Backin, n. the day after a wedding. 

Backin', n. a body of followers ; support. 

Backin', n. the direction on a letter. 

Backins, n. the refuse of flax, wool, kc, used 
for coarser stuffs. Cf. Backs. 

Backin'-turf, n. the turf laid on a low cottage- 
fire at bedtime, to keep it alive till morn- 
ing ; one placed against the back of the 
fireplace, in putting on a new turf-fire, to 
support the side-turfs. 

Backit-dyke, n. a stone fence backed up with 
earth on the inner side. 

Back-jar, n. a sly, ill-natured objection or 
opposition ; an artful evasion ; a reverse. 

Back-jaw, n. mutual bad language ; alter- 



Back-land 

cation. — v. to retort abusive language; to 

altercate. 
Back-land, n. a house or building lying back 

from the street. 
Back-letter, n. a letter which virtually qualifies 

one previously given that was written to 

serve a purpose. 
Back-lick, n. a back-blow. 
Backlins, ads. backwards ; back. 
Back-load, -loaden, z: to overload a cart or a 

horse ; to burden heavily. 
Back-look, «. a retrospect, review ; the act 

of reviewing ; a record of the past. 
Back-lying, adj. in arrear. — ». in pi. arrears 

of rent, &c 
Backman, n. a follower in war ; a henchman. 
Back-out-owre, adz: backwards : back to a 

place in order to return thence ; back ; away 

from. 
Back-owre, adz: behind; far back.— -prep. 

from the back of. 
Back-rans, adz: backwards. 
Back-rape, n. the band over the horse's back 

in the plough, supporting the traces. 
Back-rent, it. a mode of fixing the rent of a 

farm, by which the tenant was always three 

terms in arrears. 
Back-ronp, i . to bid at an auction simply to 

raise prices. 
Backs, n. the refuse of flax, wool, &c. Cf. 

Backins. 
Back-seam, n. a seam up the back. 
Backset, n. a check, a reverse, a relapse ; a 

sub-lease: compensation; a 'set-off.' 
Backset, z . to weary, to disgust. 
Back-sey, n. the sirloin. Cf. Sey. 
Backside, ». the rear ; the side of an object 

which is farthest from the speaker ; back pre- 
mises of house, &C. ; the posteriors, buttocks. 
Backspang, n. an unsettling, underhand 

trick ; a retreat from a bargain ; a reverse, 

a recoil ; a back-current ; a retort on a person 

after a contested affair has seemed settled. 
Back-spare, -spaiver, «. the back cleft or 

opening of breeches. 
Back-span], -spauld, n. the back of the 

shoulder ; the hindleg. 
Back-speir, -speer, -spear, z: to trace back 

a report to its source, if possible; to 

cross-examine, cross-question. 
Back-speirer, -spearer, «. a cross-examiner. 
Back-spoken, adj. contradictory, gainsaying. 
Back-sprent, ». the backbone ; a spring or 

catch. 
Back-stane, n. a stone at the back of a 

fireplace. 
Back-stool, n. a stool with a back ; a rough 

chair made of rungs. 
Back-talk, ». contradiction ; saucy replies to 
a superior. 



Bagaty 

Back-trace, z: to investigate past events. 

Back- tread, «. retrogression. 

Back-trees, n. the joists in a cothonse. &c 
Cf. Balk. 

Back-turn, n. a relapse. 

Backwardlies, adv. backwards. 
' Back-water, «. too much water in a mill-lade, 
hindering the revolution of the mill-wheel ; 
tears. 

Back-widdie, -woodie, n. the band or chain 
over a cart-saddle, supporting the shafts. 

Backwuth, adv. backwards. 

Back-yett, n. a back-gate. 

Bacon-ham, n. the ham of a pig. as dis- 
tinguished from a ' mutton '-ham. 

Bad, adj. ill : sick. 

Bad, v. prtt. bade : did bid. 

Bad bread, n. in phr. to ' be in bad bread ' ; to 
be in danger or poverty ; to be at enmity 
with. 

Badder, v. to bother. — n. trouble. Cf. Bather. 

Badderlocks, n. an edible seaweed resemblir.g 
the harts-tongue fern. 

Badders, Baddords, n. low raillery. 

Baddock, «. the fry of the coal-fish. 

Bade, :•. pr-:. did bide. 

Badge, ». a large, ill-shaped bundle. 

Badger, z: to beat. 

Badgeran, n. a beating. 

Badger-reeshiL n. a severe blow. 

Badling, n. a worthless person. 

Badlins, adj. out of health ; poorly. 

Badly, adj. sick : unwell. 

BadmaUj //. a child's name for the devil. 

Badminnie, Bad money, n. the baldmonev ; 
gentian. 

Badock, n. the common skua ; the Arctic gull. 

Bad place, ». a child's name for hell. 

Badrons, Badrans, n. a cat. Cf. Baudrons. 

Bad use, z: to use badly, abuse. 

Bae, z: to bleat like a sheep ; to cry like a 
calf. — n. a sheep's bleat ; a calf s cry. 

Bae-wae, aij. out of sorts ; not very well. 

BaS, ». a blow, a buffet : a shot ; a thud : a 
jog with the elbow. — r. to beat ; to buffet : 
to strike the ground with the sole of the 
club-head in playing golf. 

Baffin, ». a soft, stupid person. Cf. Beflan. 

Baffle, n. a trifle : a thing of no value ; non- 
sense : a sheet of scroll-paper on which 
schoolboys sketched mathematical diagrams 
or mensuration plans ; a portfolio. 

Baffy, adj. chubby. Cf. Buffie. 

Bafle, n. a check : a snub. 

Bag, ». a sack ; the stomach : a playful or 
reproachful designation of a child. — v. to 
swell, bulge ; to cram the stomach : to 
dismiss from employment : to jilt in love. 

Bagaty, n. the female of the lump or sea- 



Bagenin 



16 



Bagenin, u. rough, and sometimes indecent, 

horseplay at harvest-time. 
+Baggage, n. rubbish. 
tBaggage, re. a strumpet ; an opprobrious 

epithet applied to women and children. 
Bagged, ppl. adj. having a big belly ; preg- 
nant ; corpulent. 
Baggie, n. the belly ; a corpulent person. 
Baggie, n. the purple-top Swedish turnip. 

Cf. Baigie. 
Baggie, re. a large minnow. 
Baggie-mennon, //. a large minnow. Cf. 

Bag-mennon. 
Bagging-time, re. baiting-time. 
Baggit, re. a contemptuous name for a child ; 

an insignificant little person ; a feeble sheep. 
Baggit, ppl. adj. corpulent. Cf. Bagged. 
Baggity, adj. greedy. 
Baggy, adj. blistered. 
Baghash, re. abuse with the tongue. — v. to 

scold vigorously ; to vituperate. Cf. Back- 
hash. 
Baglin, n. - misgrown child ; a puny child 

with a big belly ; a term of abuse. 
Bag-mennon, re. a large minnow. 
Bagnet, Bagonet, n. a bayonet. 
Bag-rape, re. a straw rope used in fastening 

the thatch of a roof or stack. 
Bagrel, n. a. minnow ; a person or animal 

corpulent and misgrown otherwise ; a 

child ; ». silly person. — adj. puny and 

plump. 
Bagrie, re. trash. 
Bags, re. the entrails. 
Bagwame, n. a silly, gluttonous fellow. 
Bai, n. the cry of a calf. — v. to cry as a calf. 

Cf. Bae. 
Baible, v. to tipple ; to drink carelessly so as 

to spill ; to drink as a child. 
Baich, Baichie, n. a. child, used with some 

contempt. 
Baichie, v. to cough. Cf. Beigh. 
Baid, v. pret. did bide. 
Baigie, re. the purple-top Swedish turnip. 
Baigie, re. an odd figure; a 'sight'; a 'fright.' 
Baigie, v. to run or walk with short steps, as 

a child ; to walk slowly, as if weary. 
Baiglet, re. an under-waistcoat. Cf. Baiklet. 
Baignet, Baiginet, re. a bayonet. Cf. Bagnet. 
Baik, re. a biscuit. Cf. Bake. 
Baik-bred, -brod, re. a kneading-trough. Cf. 

Back-bread. 
Baiken, re. a burden (of skins) ; a sort of flap. 
Baikie, re. the stake to which cattle are bound 

in the stall ; a piece of wood with rope 

attached, to tie up cattle to the stake ; the 

stake or peg of a tether. 
Baikie, n. a square wooden vessel used for 

carrying fuel, ashes, &c, feeding cattle, 

and washing dishes. Cf. Backie. 



Bairn's-fee 

Baikiefu', re. the fill of a 'baikie.' 

Baikins, re. a beating ; drubbing. 

Baiklet, re. an under waistcoat or flannel 
shirt worn next the skin ; a ' semmit ' ; a 
' binder ' ; a piece of dress, linen or woollen, 
formerly worn above a young child's shirt. 

Bail, v. with up, to tie up. — re. a call to cows 
to stand still. 

Bail, v. to guarantee, warrant. 

Bailch, re. a fat person breathless from corpu- 
lence ; used contemptuously of a child ; a 
'brat.' Cf. Bilch. 

tBailie, Baillie, re. a farm-steward ; a man or 
boy in charge of the cows on a farm ; a city 
magistrate. 

Bailierie, Bailliary, re. the office of a bailiff 
of a lord of regality ; the extent of his 
jurisdiction in a barony. 

Ba'in', ». a football match. 

Bain, re. a bone. 

Baingle, re. an abusive term applied to a 
woman. 

Bainie, adj. bony. 

Baird, v. to caparison. 

Baird, n. a beard. — v. to rub with the beard. 

Bairdie, re. the loach. 

Bairdie, n. the whitethroat. 

Bairdie, re. the three-spined stickleback. 

Bairdie, re. a large jar ; a ' graybeard ' for 
holding spirits, &c. 

Bairdie-loach, -lowrie, n. the loach. 

Bairge, re. the voice loudly used ; one who 
uses his voice loudly. — v. to raise the voice 
loudly ; to scold, abuse, bully. 

Bairge, re. an affected, bobbing walk. — v. to 
walk with a jerking spring upwards ; to 
strut. 

Bairge-board, n. a barge-board ; a board at 
the gable of a building, hiding the timbers 
of the roof. 

Bairn, ». a child ; a weak-minded or childish 
person, irrespective of age. 

Bairn-clouts, n. dolls' clothes. 

Bairned, ///. adj. in a state of dotage. 

Bairn-folk, n. children. 

Bairnie, n. a little child. — adj. childish ; silly. 

Bairnie o' the e'e, 71. phr. the pupil of the eye. 

Bairnish, adj. childish ; silly. 

Bairnless, adj. childless. 

Bairnlike, adj. like a child ; childish ; weak- 
minded. 

Bairnliness, n. childishness. 

Bairnly, adj. childish. 

Bairnly-like, adj. childish. 

Bairn's bairn, n. a grandchild. 

Bairn's bargain, //. a bargain that may be 
easily broken ; a mutual agreement to over- 
look anything unpleasant in the past be- 
tween two persons or parties. 

Bairn's-fee, n. a nursemaid's wages. 



Bairn's pan 



17 



Bairn's pan, n. a small pan for preparing a 

child's food. 
Bairns'-part o' gear, n. phr. that part of a 

man's personal estate to which his children 

succeed. 
Bairn'B-piece, «. biscuit, cake, cheese, &c, 

given in connection with the birth or bap- 
tism of an infant. 
Bairns'-play, n. children's sports ; a matter 

easily performed. 
Bairn-stooth, -stowth, «. the stealing of 

children by fairies. 
Bairn's-woman, n. a dry-nurse. 
Bairn-time, -teme, n. the time during which 

a woman bears children ; a woman's whole 

birth of children ; childhood. 
Baise, n. haste ; expedition. — v. to move or 

walk with energy. 
Baise, v. to persuade, to coax. 
Baise, v. to sew slightly. Cf. Baiss. 
Baise, Baiss, adj. ashamed ; sad ; sorrowful. 
Baisler, a. a bachelor of arts. 
Baiss, v. to beat, drub ; to baste. 
Baiss, v. to sew slightly ; to sew with long 

stitches, or in a loose, careless manner ; to 

baste in sewing. 
Baissie, n. a basin for holding meal, &c. Cf. 

Bassie. 
Baissing, n. a drubbing. 
Baissing, n. a slight sewing. 
Baissing-thread, n. basting-thread. 
Baist, adj. great. 

Baist, ppl. adj. apprehensive ; afraid. 
Baist, v. to beat, strike ; to baste ; to defeat, 

overcome. — n. one who is struck by others, 

especially in children's play ; one who is 

defeated. 
Baistin, n. a drubbing. 

Bait, n. the grain or cleavage of wood or stone. 
Bait, n. the lye in which skins are steeped. — 

v. to steep and soften skins in a lye of hens' 

or pigeons' dung, in order to clean them 

before tanning. 
Bait, v. pret. bit ; did bite. 
Baitchil, v. to beat soundly. 
Baiten, ppl. bitten ; eaten. 
Baith, adj. and prt»i. both. 
Baitie-bummil, n. a petty fumbler ; an action- 
less fellow. Cf. Batie-bum. 
Bait-pick, n. a spud for removing limpets for 

bait. 
Bait-pot, n. a large pot for cooking food for 

horses, &c. 
Baittle, adj. of pasture : short, close, and 

rich. Cf. Battle. 
Bait-troch, n. a trough in a stall for feeding 

horses. 
Bait-yaud, n. a woman who gathers bait for 

fishermen. 
Baivee, ». a large fire. Cf. Bevie. 



Balkie 

Baivee, «. a kind of whiting. 

Baivenjar, n. a ragamuffin ; tatterdemalion. 

Baiver, v. to gad about ; to run after shows, 

&c. 
Baiver, v. to quiver ; to tremble. Cf. Bever. 
Baivie, n. a bevy ; a large collection ; a large 

family ; a covey of partridges. 
Baivie, n. a large fire. Cf. Baivee. 
tBajan, n. a first year's student at Aberdeen 

University. Cf. Bejan. 
Bake, n. a small biscuit. — v. to knead dough 

or paste. 
Bake-brod, n. a kneading-board. 
Bakement, «. bakemeat. 
Baken, ppl. baked. 
Baker-legs, n. knock-knees. 
Bakie, n. a kind of peat, kneaded or baked 

from the wet ' dross * or dust of peats. 
Bakie, n. a stake. Cf. Baikie. 
Bakie-bird, ». the bat. Cf. Backie. 
Baking-case, 11. a kneading-trough. 
Bakin-lotch, n. a species of bread. 
Bakster, ». the one of two bakers who kneads 

dough. Cf. Baxter. 
Balaloo, n. a lullaby ; sleep. 
Bala-pat, n. a pot in a farmhouse for the 

family, but not for the reapers, in harvest, 
Balax, n. a hatchet. 
Bald, adj. bold ; pungent to taste or smell ; 

keen; biting; used of a fire: big, great; of 

the moon : bright. Cf. Bauld. 
Balderry, Baldeirie, Baldberry, n. the female 

handed orchid, 0. maculata; the 0. latifolia, 

formerly used in love-potions. 
Baldie-worrie, n. an artichoke. Cf. Worry- 

baldie. 
Bale, n. a blaze ; a bonfire. 
tBaleen, Balene, n. whalebone. 
Bale-fire, n. any large fire ; a bonfire. 
Balillalee, n. a lullaby. Cf. Balaloo. 
Balk, n. a ridge in ploughing ; a pathway 

through a corn-field ; the first two furrows in 

ploughing a field, laid facing each other ; 

a strip of ground unfilled, serving as a 

boundary ; a beam or rafter ; the beam of 

a pair of scales; a henroost; in pi. the 

gallery of a church. 
Balk, v. to miss accidentally a strip of ground 

in ploughing, sowing, or reaping ; to secure 

a cow's head during milking ; to shy at an 

obstacle ; to be restive. 
Balk and burral, n. a ridge raised very high 

by the plough and a barren space of nearly 

the same extent alternately. 
Balk-height, adv. as high as the 'balk' or 

ceiling. 
Balkie, n. a narrow strip of land separating 

two farms. 
Balkie, n. a head-stake to fasten a cow at 

milking-time. Cf. Baikie. 



Balksomo ] 

Balksome, adj. used of a horse : restive ; given 
to shying. 

Ball, n. the calf of the leg ; the palm of the 
hand ; a globular sweetmeat. 

Ball, 11. a bustle ; disturbance ; uproar. — v. to 
behave in a disorderly way. 

Ball, n. a ' spree.' 

Ball, n. a parcel ; bundle ; bale. 

Ball, v. to pelt, throw at. 

Ball, v. to play at football. 

Ball, v. used of snow : to gather in lumps ; to 
stick to the feet. 

Ballan, Ballant, n. a ballad ; a song. 

Ballant-bodiee, it. a leather bodice formerly 
worn by ladies. 

Ball-baises, n. a game of ball. 

Ball-clay, n. very adhesive clay ; ' pell-clay. ' 
Cf. Pell-clay. 

Ballerny, n. exaggeration in narrative ; ' draw- 
ing the long-bow.' 

Ball-fire, n. a bonfire ; signal-fire. Cf. Bale- 
fire. 

Ballfuff, it. in phi: 'back o' Ballfuff,' an un- 
known distance. 

Ballillilly, -loo, -low, it. a lullaby. Cf. 
Balaloo. 

Balling, «. pelting. 

Balling, ™. frequenting balls. 

Ballion, n. a knapsack ; a tinker's tool-box ; 
any box that can be borne on the back. 

Ballion, n. a supernumerary reaper who assists 
any that fall behind on their 'rig.' 

Ballish, n. ballast. 

Balloch, adj. slow; unwilling; strong; plump. 
— 11. a short, plump person. 

Balloch, n. a narrow mountain-pass. 

Ballop, Ballup, n. the old-fashioned flap in 
the forepart of trousers. 

Bally, n. a milk-pail. 

Bally-cog, n. a milk-pail with a handle. 

Balm, v. to soothe, ease, assuage. 

fBalne, n. a bath. 

Balow, Baloo, int. a nursery excl. hush ! — 
n. a lullaby. 

Baiter, n. a sudden bolt or start upwards. 

Bam, n. a joke ; trick ; a hoax. — v. to hoax, 
play a trick. 

Bambaze, v. to confuse, puzzle ; to bamboozle. 
Cf. Bumbaze. 

Bambling, ppl. adj. awkwardly made ; clumsy. 

Bamboozle, v, to handle roughly ; to affront. 

Bamf, v. to stump ; to toss or stumble about. 

Bamling, Bammeling, ppl. adj. awkward ; 
' bambling. ' 

Ba'-money, n. money demanded from a wed- 
ding party to buy a football. 

Bamullo, n. in phr. to 'gar ane lauch, sing,' 
or 'dance Bamullo,' to make one change 
one's mirth into sorrow. 

Ban', n. a band. Cf. Band, 



Banff-baillies 

Ban, v. to curse, swear ; to abuse, scold ; to 
use the devil's name as an intensive or 
expletive. 

Band, n. twine ; a rope or chain for tying 
cattle ; a straw or hay rope for tying thatch ; 
twisted straw for tying sheaves ; a hinge ; 
a narrow, flat strip of iron with a. loop at 
the end, fixed in a door, to receive an iron 
hook fixed on the door-post ; the hair-band 
once worn by women ; a choir ; a bond ; 
covenant ; agreement ; a binding-stone in- 
serted in a wall ; a brace or couple of 
things ; a number of things fixed on a 
string ; the bond of marriage. 

Band, n. the ridge of a small hill. 

Band, v. pret. bound. 

tBandalier, n. a bandoleer. 

Bander, it. one who enters into a bond or 
covenant. 

Bandie, it. the stickleback. 

Bandless, adj. without bonds ; altogether 
abandoned to evil. 

Bandlessly, adv. regardlessly. 

Bandlessness, n. abandonment to evil. 

Bandrums, n. a cat. Cf. Baudrons. 

Bandsman, n. a binder of sheaves. 

Bandstane, n. a large binding-stone in a wall, 
used for stability. 

Bandster, n. a binder of sheaves. 

Band-string, n. a string across the breast for 
ornamental tying ; a kind of long-shaped 
confection. 

Bandwin, n. a band of six or eight reapers 
served by one ' bandster.' 

Bandwin-rig, n. a ridge wide enough to con- 
tain a ' bandwin.' 

Bandy, adj. impudent ; obstinate. 

Bane, n. in phr. ' King of Bane,' or ' King of 
the Bean,' a character in the Christmas 
gambols, the person who got that part of a 
divided cake which contained a bean. 

Bane, n. bone ; in pi. the substantial portion 
of anything ; the mechanism ; » skeleton. 
— adj. made of bone. 

Bane, adj. ready ; prepared. 

Bane, n. poison ; envy ; malice. 

Baned, ppl. adj. evil-disposed ; envious. 

Bane-dry, adj. thoroughly dry. 

Bane-dyke, n. mphi: 'gane to the bane-dyke,' 
reduced to skin and bone ; fit only for the 
' dyke ' where the bones of dead horses lie. 

Banefire, it. a bonfire. 

Bane-idle, adj. thoroughly idle ; ' bone-lazy.' 

Baneless, adj. insipid ; without pith. 

Bane-mill, it. a mill for crushing or grinding 
bones. 

Bane-prickle, n. the stickleback. 

Banes-breaking, it. a bloody quarrel. 

Banff-baillies, it. white, snowy-looking clouds 
on the horizon, betokening foul weather, 



Bang 

Bang, re. a blow ; onslaught ; an act of haste ; 

impetuosity ; a fit of temper ; a ' huff.' 
Bang, re. a crowd ; a large number. 
Bang, v. to change places with impetus ; to 

beat, knock ; to throw or thrust violently ; 

to overcome ; to excel, outdo, surpass ; to 

push off with salmon-fishing boats without 

having seen fish in the river. 
Bang, adj. vehement ; agile ; strong. — adv. 

quite ; suddenly. 
Bang-beggar, -the-beggar, re. a constable ; a 

cudgel. 
Bang-dollop, n. the whole number. 
Banged, fipl. adj. under the influence of drink. 
Bangie, re. a policeman. 
Bangie, adj. huffy ; irritable. 
Banging, re. a beating ; a defeat. 
Bangister-swipe, v. to cozen artfully. Cf. 

Bangster. 
Bangistry, re. violence. Cf. Bangstrie. 
Bangnue, re. much ado about nothing. 
Bang-rape, n. a. rope with noose, used by 

thieves to carry off corn or hay. 
Bangrel, Bangree, re. an ill-natured, un- 
governable woman. 
Bangsome, adj. quarrelsome. 
Bangster, re. a bully ; a braggart ; a victor ; 

a loose woman. — adj. rough ; violent. 
Bangstership, re. force ; violence. 
Bangstrie, a. violence to person or property. 
Bangyal, re. a bundle ; a slovenly fellow ; a 

crowd of people. — v. to crowd ; to move 

in a confused crowd. Cf. Banyel. 
Bangyalin', re. the act of crowding. 
Banjie, re. a great number ; a disorderly mob. 
Bank, re. the place in a peat-moss whence 

peats are cut ; the part of a mine above 

ground. 
Bank, re. a public proclamation. 
Bank, v. to save and put by money. 
Bank-dollar, re. a species of dollar, ten of 

which equalled ten ordinary dollars plus 

£i Scots. 
Banker, re. the bench or table on which a 

mason rests the stone he is working. — v. to 

place a stone in position on the ' banker.' 
Banker, re. a bench-cloth or carpet. 
Banker, re. one who buys corn sold by auction. 
Bankerup, adj. bankrupt. 
Banking-crop, re. corn bought or sold by 

auction. 
Bank-rape, v. to become bankrupt. 
+Bankrout, re. a bankrupt. 
Banks, re. precipitous rocks or crags near the 

sea ; the seashore. 
Bankset, adj. full of little eminences. 
Bankster, re. a bully. Cf. Bangster. 
Bankstership, re. force ; violence. 
Bannag, re. a white trout ; a sea-trout. 
Banna-rack, re. the frame before which 



19 Bard 

bannocks are put to be toasted when taken 
off the ' girdle.' 

Bannet, re. a bonnet ; a man's cap. 

Bannet-fire, re. a punishment inflicted by boys 
on a companion with their caps, similar 
to running the gauntlet. 

Bannet-fruke, re. the turbot. Cf. Bannock- 
fluke. 

Banniel, re. a bundle. Cf. Banyel. 

Bannock, re. a thick, round, flat cake, generally 
of oatmeal, baked on a ' girdle ' ; a small 
quantity of oatmeal, as a perquisite, due to 
the servants of a mill, owing to 'thirlage.' 

Bannock-chower, re. a bannock-eater. 

Bannock-even, re. Shrove-Tuesday. 

Bannock-fed, adj. fed chiefly on bannocks. 

Bannock-fluke, re. the turbot. 

Bannock-hive, re. corpulence owing to plenti- 
ful eating ; a corpulent person. 

Bannock-stick, re. a rolling-pin for bannocks. 

-fBanquier, re. a banker. 

Bansel, re. what is given for good luck ; 
'hansel.' 

Banstickle, re. the stickleback or minnow. 

Banters, re. rebukes ; admonitions. 

Bantin, Banton, re. a bantam. 

Banty, re. a bantam. 

Banty, re. a stickleback or minnow. Cf. 
Bandie. 

Banyel, v. to bandy to and fro ; to crowd ; to 
move in a confused crowd. — re. a bundle ; 
a slovenly, idle fellow ; a crowd. Cf. 



Bap, «. a small, flat, diamond -shaped break- 
fast roll ; a thick cake of bread baked in an 
oven. 

Bapper, re. a baker. 

Bapp-nose, re. ? a nose threatening to meet 
the chin. 

Bapteeze, v. to baptize. 

Bapteezement, re. baptism. 

Bar, re. a flail ; the ' swing ' of a flail ; a toll- 
bar ; an obstacle. 

Bar, re. an infant's flannel waistcoat. Cf. Barrie. 

Bar, re. a joke ; a game ; a matter of joking. 

Bar, re. four-rowed barley. Cf. Bear. 

Bar, v. to swing a flail ; to thresh. Cf. Barry. 

Bar, v. to exclude, shut out ; to except. 

Bar-bannock, re. a barley-meal bannock. 

tBarbar, re. a barbarian. 

Barbarize, Barbaze, v. to act as a barber. 

Barber, re. what is best or excellent of its kind. 

Barber-eel, re. the viviparous blenny. 

Barbet, re. an arrow. 

Barbour, Barbourize, v. to act as a barber. 

Bar-bread, re. barley-bread. 

+Barbulyie, Barbulzie, re. perplexity ; quan- 
dary. — v. to perplex. 

Barchan's Day, re. June 21. 

Bard, re. a scold ; a bold, noisy woman. 



Bard 2 

Bard, v. to caparison. 
Bardach, Bardoch, adj. bold ; fearless. 
Bardie, n. a gelded cat. 
Bardie, n. a minor poet ; a humble bard. 
Bardily, adv. boldly ; fearlessly ; pertly. 
Bardiness, n. forwardness; pertness in conver- 
sation. 
Bardish, adj. rude ; insolent. 
Bardizan, n. a bartisan. 

Bard's croft, u. the piece of land on the pro- 
perty of a chief hereditarily appropriated 

to the family bard. 
Bardy, adj. bold ; fierce ; turbulent ; pert ; 

shameless; insolent. — v. to vituperate; to 

bandy words with. 
Bare, adj. plain ; unadorned ; mere ; meagre ; 

'hard up'; poor. — v. to remove surface soil 

for what lies beneath. 
Bare-back, n. a species of fluke. 
Barefit, adj. barefooted. 
Barefit-broth, -kail, n. broth made with butter 

and vegetables without meat. 
Barelies, adv. barely ; scarcely ; hardly. 
Bareman, «. a bankrupt who has given all up 

to his creditors. 
Bare-powed, adj. bareheaded. 
Barescrape, n. very poor land yielding little 

return for labour. 
Bar-for-bar, n. a rhyming game. 
Bargane, Bargain, n. contention ; controversy. 

■ — v. to contend, fight. 
Bargain-grid, //. a kind of pear. 
Bargain-tacker, 11. a foreman undertaking 

work in a section of a lead-mine. 
Bargle, n. a squabble. — v. to wrangle; to 

bandy words. 
Bark, n. the skin ; cuticle. — v. to excoriate ; 

to strip a tree of bark ; to tan leather, nets, 

&c. ; to clot ; to besmear ; to encrust on 

the skin. 
Bark, v. to give a hard, rapid cough. 
Barken, v. to become clotted, encrusted, or 

hardened on the skin, &c. ; to tan ; to stiffen 

anything, as with blood, mire, &c. 
Barker, n. a tanner. 
Barking and fleeing, phr. said of property 

prodigally wasted, so as to lead to bank- 
ruptcy. 
Barla-fummil, n. a cry for truce by one who 

has fallen in fighting or wrestling. 
Barley, int. a cry for truce in a children's 

game. 
Barley-bing, n. a heap of barley. 
Barley-box, «. a small cylindrical box formerly 

used by farmers to carry samples of grain ; 

a toy for children. 
Barley-breaks, Barla-bracks, n. a stackyard 

game of ' tig. ' 
Barley-bree, -brie, -broo, n. malt liquor ; 

whisky. 



Barras 

Barley-corn, «. a species of grain. Cf. John 

Barleycorn. 
Barley-doons, n. the place for playing at 

' barley-breaks. ' 
Barley-fetterer, n. an implement for removing 

the awns of barley. 
Barley-fever, n. illness owing to hard drinking. 
Barley-hood, n. a fit of drunken , angry passion. 
Barley-joice, n. malt liquor ; whisky. 
Barley-kail, n. barley-broth. 
Barley-, Barlaw-men, n. a court of neighbours 

for settling local affairs, disputes, &c. Cf. 

Burlaw. 
Barley-oats, ». early white oats with short 

grains. 
Barley-pickle, n. a grain of barley ; the top- 
most grain on an ear of barley. 
Barley-sick, adj. sick from excessive drinking. 
Barley-unction, n. malt liquor ; whisky. 
Barlic-, Barlik-hood, n. a fit of drunken anger. 

Cf. Barley-hood. 
Barm, n. a peculiar kind of dance. 
Barm, n. yeast ; froth ; nonsense ; foolish talk. 

— v. used of the mind : to work ; to fret ; to 

mix wort with barley to cause fermentation; 

used of money : to grow with interest. 
Barman, n. a thresher ; a user of a flail. 
Banning, n. interest accruing. 
tBarmkin, n. a barbican ; the outermost forti- 
fication of a wall. 
Barmskin, n. a leathern apron worn by tanners 

and curriers. 
Barmy, adj. volatile ; flighty ; passionate ; 

irascible. 
Barmy-brained, adj. foolish ; giddy. 
Barmy-faced, adj. wearing a silly expression. 
Barmy scones, 11. ' scones ' levigated with 

'barm.' 
Barnacles, n. spectacles ; eyeglasses. 
tBarnage, n. a military company ; army 

followers. 
Barn-bole, n. an aperture in a barn-wall. 
Barne, n. a child. Cf. Bairn. 
Barn-fan, n. a winnowing-fan. 
Barnheid, n. childhood. 
Barnman, n. one who labours in the barn ; a 

thresher with a flail. 
Barnman's jig, n. a thresher's dance. 
Barn's-breaking, n. a mischievous action ; an 

idle frolic. 
Barnyard, n. a stackyard adjoining the barn. 
Barnyard-beauty, n. a buxom rustic beauty. 
Baron-bailie, n. the deputy of the baron in a 

burgh of barony. 
Barr, ». a kind of fishing-fly. 
Barr, n. a ridge of a hill ; a large hill. 
Barrace, Barras, n. tournament-lists. 
Barragon, n. a cloth used for cloaks ; a rich 

cloth imported from Ttaly. Cf. Paragon. 
Barras, 11. a wire fireguard. 



Barras-door 



Batherlocks 



Barras-door, n. a door made of equidistant 

bars of wood. 
Bar-reet, n. a crop of oats after bear. Cf. 

Bear-reet. 
+Barreis, n. tournament-lists ; a cockpit. Cf. 

Barrace. 
Barrel, n. the belly of a horse ; the barrel- 
shaped part of a loom. 
Barrel-briestit, adj. corpulent. 
Barrel-fevers, n. disorders of the body through 

excessive drinking. 
Barrel-gird, n. the hoop of a barrel ; the 

name given to a thin horse with projecting 

ribs. 
Barrelled,///, adj. of a cow : having its belly 

filled with grass, and like a barrel. 
Barrie, n. an infant's flannel swaddling-cloth ; 

a woman's petticoat. 
Barrier, n. a thresher. 
Barrow, v. to carry in a wheelbarrow or in a 

sedan-chair. 
Barrow, z>. to borrow. 

Barrowman, n. a mason's labourer who car- 
ries stone, mortar, &c. on a hand-barrow ; 

a lame beggar, formerly carried from farm 

to farm in a barrow. 
Barrow-steel, n. equal co-operation ; drawing 

well together. 
Barrow-tram, n. the shaft of a wheelbarrow ; 

a raw-boned, awkward-looking person ; a 

muscular arm or leg. 
Barry, Barrie, v. to thresh corn. Cf. Bar. 
Barry, n. a barrow. 
Bars, n. a grate. 

Bars, n. a schoolboys' game ; prisoner's base. 
Bar-seed, n. the time of sowing bear. Cf. 

Bear-seed. 
Barsk, adj. harsh ; husky. Cf. Bask. 
Barst, v. pret. burst. 
Bar-stane, n. one of the upright stones in a 

fireplace, to which the bars of a grate are 

fixed. 
Bartice, n. a brattice. 

Bartle Day, n. St Bartholomew's Day, Aug. 24. 
Bartle-fair, n. a fair held on St. Bartholomew's 

Day. 
Bash, n. a heavy blow; a dint. — v. to beat; 

to crush, smash ; to bruise, dint ; with up, 

to bend the point of an iron instrument 

inwards. 
Bash, v. to abash. 
Bash, n. a term of contempt. 
Bash-hat, n. a soft hat. 
Bashle, v. to shamble. Cf. Bauchle. 
Bashle-bands, n. bands to keep up shoe-heels. 
Ba'-siller, n. pence given to children at a 

wedding. Cf. Ba'-money. 
Bask, adj. dry ; withering ; bitter ; harsh to 

the taste. 
Basket-hinger, n. the gold-crested wren. 



Basle, v. to talk ignorantly or at random. — 
n. idle talking. Cf. Besle. 

+Basnet, n. a helmet. 

Ba' speil, n. a game of football. 

Bass, n. a door-mat ; the soft fibres composing 
a bird's nest ; a workman's tool-basket ; a 
straw horse-collar ; a table-mat to protect 
a table from hot dishes ; the bast or inner 
bark of a tree. 

BaBS-bottomed, adj. used of chairs : having 
the seat made of rushes or of ' bass.' 

Bass-cock, n. the puffin. 

tBassen'd, Bassaud, Bassent, adj. white- 
faced. Cf. Bausand. 

Basser-, Bass-goose, n. the gannet. 

Bassie, n. an old horse. Cf. Bawsie. 

Bassie, n. a large wooden basin or bowl, 
frequently used for carrying and mixing 
oatmeal in baking. 

Bassin, «. a church offertory-plate ; a ' kirk- 
basin.' 

Bassie, v. to struggle ; to wallow. 

Bastardrie, «. illegitimacy. 

Bastardy, n. the property of a bastard. 

Basties, Bastish, adj. coarse, hard, bound, as 
applied to soil ; obstinate of temper. 

tBastile, Bastle, n. a fortress, principally used 
for prisoners. 

-rBastiment, n. a building ; pile ; structure. 

Bastle-house, «. a fortified house. 

tBastoun, n. a cudgel. Cf. Batton. 

Bastous, adj. coarse ; hard. Cf. Basties. 

Bat, conj. but. 

Bat, n. a staple or loop of iron. 

Bat, n. a smart blow ; a stroke of work ; 
condition ; state of health. 

Bat, n. a bundle of straw or rushes. 

Bat, n. a holm ; a river-island ; low - lying 
land overflowed at spring-tides and floods. 

Bat, v. to hit ; to press or beat down with a 
spade ; to thresh by striking sheaves against 
a stone, &c. ; used of mistletoe, ivy, &c. : 
to cling to a tree, grow on a tree. 

Batch, n. a bachelor. 

Batch, n. a crew ; a gang ; a set number ; a 
baking ; a clump. 

Batch-bread, n. bread made of common flour. 

Batch-day, n. baking-day. 

Batchie, n. a bachelor. 

Batchie, n. a card-game ; the male loser in 
the game. 

Batch-loaf, n. a loaf of 'batch-bread.' 

Bate, v. to cease ; to reduce the price. 

Bate, v. pret. did beat. 

Bate, v. pret. did bite. 

Bath, v. to give or take a bath. 

Bather, v. to bother, pester. — n. a bother; 
a troublesome person. 

Batherlocks, n. a seaweed like the hart's- 
tongue fern. Cf. Badderlocks. 



Batherment 



Bautie 



Batherment, n. bother ; trouble. 

Bathie, n. a booth ; hovel ; a ' bothie. ' Cf. 
Bothie. 

IBatie, n. a large dog of any species ; a hare ; 
a term of contempt for a man. Cf. Bawty. 

Batie, adj. round ; plump. 

Batie-bum, -bummil, n. a simpleton ; a fool. 

Bating, prep, excepting ; except. 

Baton, n. an instrument for beating mortar. 

Batridge, n. the lace or band for tying up the 
fold of a cocked hat. 

Batrons, n. a cat. Cf. Baudrons. 

Bats, Batts, n. botts, a disease in horses or 
dogs caused by small worms or the bot-fly ; 
the colic. 

Batt, n. in phr. to ' keep one at the batt,' 
to keep one steady. 

Batted,///, adj. hardened. 

Batter, n. paste ; weaver's and shoemaker's 
paste. — v. to fasten with or apply adhesive 
paste ; with up, to clout, patch shoes, &c. 

Batter, n. a heavy blow. — v. to give repeated 
blows. 

Batter, ». the slope or inclination of a wall, 
embankment, &c. ; a spree or drinking- 
bout. — v. to build a sloping wall, &c. 

Batter, n. the cover of a book. 

Battered, ppl. adj. of a book : provided with 
'batters,' covers, or boards. 

Battered, ppl. adj. pasted and posted on a 
board or wall. 

Batter-horn, n. a horn for holding shoe- 
maker's paste. 

Battle, adj. fat ; thickset ; used of soil : rich, 
fertile. Cf. Baittle. 

Battle, n. a bundle or bottle of straw. — v. to 
put straw into bottles. 

Battock, n. a tuft of grass ; a spot of gravel 
or ground of any kind surrounded by water ; 
flat ground by a river-side. 

Batton, v. to cudgel. 

Battoon, ;/. a general's baton. 

Baub, n. beat of drum. 

Baubee, n. a halfpenny. Cf. Bawbee. 

Bauch, adj. disagreeable to the taste, &c. ; 
not good ; insufficient ; incapable ; in- 
different ; timid; sheepish; shy; tired - out ; 
of ice: partially thawing. — v. to make one 
look sheepish. 

Bauch, v. to speak loudly and noisily. 

Bauchle, v. to shamble ; to wear shoes out of 
shape ; to distort ; to treat contemptuously ; 
to make of little or no account ; to jilt. — 
n. an old shoe ; a slipper down-at-heels ; a 
person or thing of nought ; a laughing- 
stock ; a clumsy person. 

Bauchle, n. the upright front of a peat- 
barrow ; one of two pieces of wood fixed 
on the sides of a cart to extend the surface. 

Bauchling, n. scorning ; rallying ; taunting. 



Bauchly, adv. sorrily ; indifferently. 
Bauchness, n. slowness from timidity ; want ; 

defect of every kind. 
Bauckie, n. the bat. Cf. Backie. 
Baud, «. a mass of furze, broom, &c. growing 

thickly together. 
Baudminnie, n. a plant with the medicinal 

virtue of savin. 
Baudrons, n. a kindly designation of a cat ; 

puss. 
Bauf, v. to make a clattering noise with shoes 

or clogs in walking. 
Baugh, v. to look or be confused, sheepish, 

put out. 
Baugh, adj. unpleasant to the taste ; sheepish. 

Cf. Bauch. 
Baughed, ///. adj. confounded ; made to look 

sheepish. 
Baughle, v. to wear shoes out of shape. — n. 

an old shoe. Cf. Bauchle. 
Baughling, n. taunting. Cf. Bauchling. 
Bauk, n. a strip of unfilled land. — v. to miss 

furrows, &c. , in sowing ; to balk ; to dis- 
appoint. Cf. Balk. 
Bauk, Baulk, «. the cross-beam of a house ; 

the beam of a pair of scales. Cf. Balk. 
Bauken, n. the bat. 
Bauk-heicht, adv. as high as the rafters or 

ceiling. Cf. Balk-height. 
Baukie, n. a tether-stake. Cf. Baikie. 
Baukie, n. the razor-bill or auk ; the black 

guillemot. 
Baukie, n. the bat. 
Baukie, Baukie-up, n. a hoist up on one's 

back. — v. to raise a person on one's 

shoulders. Cf. Backie. 
Baukin, n. a hobgoblin ; a supernatural 

appearance. 
Bauld, adj. bold ; keen ; pungent ; fiery- 
tempered ; harsh ; stormy ; used of a fire : 

great, strong. — v. to kindle or blow up a 

fire. Cf. Bald. 
Bauld, adj. bald. 

Bauld-daur, adj. bold and daring. 
Baulkie, n. a narrow strip of land separating 

two farms. Cf. Baikie. 
Baumy, adj. balmy. 
Baun, a. a band. Cf. Band. 
Baur, n. a joke. Cf. Bar. 
Baurdy, adj. bold ; shameless. Cf. Bardy. 
+Bausand, Bausent, Bauson, Bausond, adj. 

used of animals : having a white spot or 

streak on the face. 
Bausand-faoed, adj. streaked with white on 

the face. 
Bausy, adj. large ; corpulent ; coarse.— n. a 

big, fat person or animal. 
Bauthrin, ppl. bustling; fluttering. 
Bauthrin, /?. a cat. Cf. Baudrons. 
Bautie, adj. guileful. 



Bauty 

Bauty, 11. a name given to a dog. Cf. Batie. 

Bayard, adj. worn-out ; bankrupt. 

Bavarie, Bavarra, n. a greatcoat ; a disguise. 

Baver, v. to shake ; to tremble. Cf. Bever. 

Baw, ii. a ball ; the ball of the leg. 

Baw, v. to lull asleep. — n. in phi: ' beddie 
baw,' a child's cradle or bed. 

Bawaw, n. a scornful side-glance. 

Bawaw, 11. a ludicrous term for a child. 

Bawbee, n. a halfpenny ; in pi. money ; a 
dowry. 

Bawbee-dragon, n. a boy's cheap kite. 

Bawbee-elder, n. an elder who merely takes 
up church collections. 

Bawbee-jo, n. a lover hired to walk with a 
girl for a shilling or so. 

Bawbee-kirk, «. the Free Church of Scotland. 

Bawbee-row, n. a halfpenny roll. 

Bawbee-whistle, n. a halfpenny whistle. 

Bawb-net, n. a ' bob-net,'now illegal in salmon- 
fishing. 

Bawbreck, n. a kneading-trough ; a baking- 
board. Cf. Back-bread. 

Bawbrie, ». a broil ; great noise. 

Bawburd, n. a baking-board. Cf. Bake-brod. 

Bawd, ri. a hare. 

Bawd-bree, n. hare-soup. 

Bawk, a. a strip of unfilled land. — v. to miss 

in ploughing, &c. Cf. Balk. 
Bawk, n. a cross-beam ; a henroost. Cf. Balk. 
Bawsie, n. a horse with white on its face ; an 

old horse. 
tBawsint, adj. streaked white on the face. 

Cf. Bausand. 
Bawsy-broon, «. a ' brownie ' ; a hobgoblin. 
tBawty, n. a dog ; a hare. Cf. Batie, Bawd. 
Baxter, n. a baker. 

Baxter-chap, n. a baker's man or boy. 
Bay, v. to weep loudly ; to raise the voice 

loudly. — n. the voice raised loudly. 
Bay, n. an unseemly mass. 
Bay, «. the sound of birds' notes. 
Bayed, ///. bent or giving way in the middle. 
Baze, Baize, «. a state of bewilderment. — 

v. to bewilder ; to daze. 
Bazed, ppl. stung by insects ; stupefied ; 

stupid. 
tBazil, n. a drunkard ; a sot. 
Bazzle, v. to rush about ; to bustle. 
Be, v. pay for ; be at the cost of. 
Be, prep, by ; in comparison with ; towards. 

— conj. than. Cf. By. 
Bead, n. a ring of people hastily formed on 

any pressing business. — v. to form such a 

ring of people. 
Bead, «. a glass of spirits. 
Bead-house, n. an almshouse. 
Bead-lambs, n. part of the mounting of a 

silk-loom. 
Beagle, «. a sheriff's officer. 



23 



Bear-lave 



Beagle, n. an oddly dressed figure ; a person 

bespattered with mud. 
Beagle, n. a duck. 
Beak, z>. to cry loudly ; to roar, bellow like 

a bull. 
Beak, n. the nose; the face. — v. to kiss; to 

bill ; to attack with the bill. 
Beak, v. to warm. Cf. Beek. 
Beal, v. to fester, suppurate ; to swell with 

pain or remorse. Cf. Beil. 
Beal, 11. a narrow mountain-pass. 
Bealing, 11. a festering sore ; a boil.— #)/. adj. 

festering, suppurating. 
Beam, v. to warm a teapot before use. 
Beam, v. to soak the staves of a leaking tub, 

barrel, &c. in order to stop leakage. 
Beam, ;;. the chief support of a plough. 
Beamfill, v. to fill up spaces in the walls of n 
house after the beams are placed ; to fill up 
completely. 
Beamfilling, «. chips of brick and stone used 

to ' beamfill ' the walls of .1 house. 
Beamfilt, adj. indulged. 
Beamfull, adj. full to overflowing. 
Beam-shin'd, adj. having the shinbone rising 

with a curve. 
Beam-traddle, n. the treadle of a weaver's 

beam. 
Bean, adj. snug ; well-to-do. Cf. Bein. 
Bean, 11. advantage. 
Bean-hool, n. a bean-pod. 
Bean-shaup, //. an empty bean-pod. 
Bean-swaup, 11. a bean-pod ; a thing or person 

of no value or strength. 
Bear, n. four- rowed barley, big. 
Bear, v. to go to a length. 
Bear-barrel, n. whisky ; a festival celebrating 

the ' stooking ' of the bear. 
Bear-buntling, n. a bird like a thrush, haunting 

especially growing bear. 
Bear-curn, 11. a hand-mill or ' quern ' for 

husking bear. 
Beard, v. to rub with the beard. Cf. Baird. 
Bearder, 11. one who rubs with the beard. 
Beardie, 11. rubbing a man's beard on a child's 

face in sport. 
Beardie, n. a large ' graybeard ' jar. Cf. 

Bairdie. 
Beardie, n. the three-spined stickleback ; the 

loach. 
Beardie, n. the whitethroat. 
Beardie-lotch. -lowrie, 11. the loach. 
Beardly, adj. stalwart. Cf. Buirdly. 
Beardoc, n. the loach. 
Bear-feys, n. land set apart for barley. 
Bearge, v. to persist in clamorous repetition. 

Cf. Bairge. 
Bear-land, n. land set apart for barley. 
Bear-lave, //. ground the first year after a 
crop of barley. 



Bear-meal-raik 

Bear-meal-raik, n. a fruitless errand. 
Bear-meal-wife, «. a woman who cannot pay 

her debts. 
Bear-mell, re. an implement for beating the 

husks off barley. 
Bear-pundlar, re. an instrument for weighing 

barley. 
Bear-reet, re. land that has borne a crop of 

barley in the previous year ; the first crop 

after bear. 
Bear's-ears, re. the auricula. 
Bear-Beed, re. barley ; the time of sowing 

barley or of preparing the ground for it. 
Bear-seed-bird, a. the yellow wagtail. 
Bear-stane, re. a hollow stone anciently used 

for husking bear or barley. 
Beast, v. to vanquish. — n. a puzzle ; what 

beats one to discover. Cf. Baist. 
Beast, re. a horse, cow, ox, or sheep ; a louse ; 

the devil ; any animal but man. 
Beastie, re. diminutive of beast : used to ex- 
press sympathy or affection. 
Beastie-milk, re. the milk of a newly calved 

cow. Cf. Beest-milk. 
Beastie-milk-eheese, re. a cheese made of 

'beastie-milk.' 
Beat, re. a stroke, blow, contusion ; what beats 

or puzzles one. 
Beat, re. a small bundle of flax or hemp. — 

v. to tie up flax in bundles. Cf. Beet. 
Beat, v. to bruise the feet in walking. — re. a 

bruise. 
Beat-the-badger, re. an old game used in Fife. 
Beat-to-chucks, phr. to surpass utterly. 
Beattocks, re. mashed potatoes. 
Beautiful, adj. delicious. 
Beaver, re. a top-hat. 
Beb, v. to drink immoderately ; to swill. Cf. 

Bib. 
Bebbing-full, adj. used of the tide: high, full. 
Bebble, v. to sip ; to tipple ; to drink carelessly. 
Bebbs, re. small bits of skin on a chin un- 

shaved for some days. Cf. Babbs. 
Beblacken, Beblaiken, re. to calumniate boldly. 
Becam, v. pret. became. 
Because, re. a cause. 
Bechance, v. to happen by chance. 
Bechle, re. a settled cough. — v. to cough. 
Becht, re. a bight ; a loop on cord or rope. — 

v. to put a loop on a rope. Cf. Bicht. 
Becht, ppl. tied. 
Beck, re. a brook. 
Beck, re. the call of the grouse. 
Beck, n. a curtsey ; obeisance. — v. to curtsey ; 

to cringe; to do obeisance; used of a horse : 

to jerk the head. 
Becklet, re. an under-waistcoat ; a flannel 

shirt. Cf. Baiklet. 
Bed, re. a woman's confinement; litter for 

animals. — v. to go or put to bed ; to give 



24 



Bee-bike 



litter to animals ; to lay a stone evenly ; to 
plant in flower-beds. 

Bed-board, re. the board in front of a ' box- 
bed.' 

Bed-bound, adj. bedridden. 

Bed-cronie, n. a bedfellow. 

Beddal, re. a bedridden person. 

Beddall, Beddell, re. a licensed beggar. 

Beddie, re. a small bed. 

Beddie-ba', n. a child's cradle or cot. 

Bedding, «. litter for horses or cattle ; an old 
wedding-custom of putting bride and bride- 
groom to bed. 

Beddit, ppl. gone to bed ; put to bed. 

Beddie, re. a bedridden person. 

Beddie, re. a beadle. 

Beddy, adj. greedy ; covetous of trifles ; con- 
ceited ; self-sufficient. 

Bedeen, Bedien, adv. immediately ; forth- 
with ; often used as an expletive or as a 
rhyme-word to eke out a line. 

Bede-house, re. an almshouse. 

Bedeman, re. a resident in an almshouse ; a 
pauper who formerly received the king's 
annual bounty, with a blue coat and badge. 

Bederal, re. a church beadle. Cf. Bedral. 

Bed-evil, re. sickness confining one to bed. 

Bedfast, adj. bedridden. 

Bedfellow, re. a spouse. 

Bedgown, re. a woman's short, cotton, working 
jacket. 

Bedink, v. to dress out smartly ; to bedizen. 

Bedirtin, ppl. adj. soiled with excrement. 

Bedler, re. a beadle. 

Bedoitrify, v. to stupefy. 

Bedown, prep. down. — adj. downwards. 

Bed-plaid, re. a blanket. 

Bedraigle, v. to bedraggle. 

Bedral, Bedrel, re. a church beadle, bellman, 
and sexton in one. 

Bedrel, Bedral, re. a bedridden person ; a 
helpless cripple. — adj. bedridden. 

Bedrite, v. to soil with excrement ; to bedirt. 

Bedritten, ppl. adj. soiled with excrement. 
Cf. Bedirtin. 

Beds, re. the game of hop-scotch. 

Bedshank, re. buttermilk. 

Bedstock, re. the front bar of wood in a bed. 

Bed-Btone, re. the nether millstone ; the 
piece of stone or slate used in the game 
of 'beds.' 

Bedunder, v. to stupefy ; confound. 

Bee, n. a metal ring ; a ferrule for implements, 
axles, &c. 

Bee, re. the hollow between the ribs and hip- 
bone of a horse. 

Bee-ale, re. mead made from refuse honey. 

Be-east, adv. eastwards. 

Bee-baw-babbety, re. a game. 

Bee-bike, re. a wild bees' nest. 



Bee-bread 



25 



Bee-bread, n. a mixture of pollen and honey, 
the food of the bees' larra. 

Beed, n. delay. 

Beed, v. pret. must ; had to, used of moral or 
logical necessity. Cf. Bood. 

Beef-boat, n. a pickling tub or barrel. 

Beef-brewis, n. beef-broth. 

Beef-brose, n. ' brose ' made with the skim- 
mings of beef-broth. 

Beefer, n. an ox or cow fed for the butcher. 

Beefy, adj. fat ; pursy ; short and stout ; used 
of oxen : yielding good and abundant beef. 
— n. a nickname for a short and stout person. 

Beegle, n. a beagle ; a sheriff's officer. Cf. 
Beagle. 

Bee-headit, adj. harebrained ; flighty ; eccen- 
tric ; excitable. 

Bee-in-the-bonnet, n. an eccentric ; a flighty 
person. 

Beek, v. to warm before the fire ; to make 
warm ; to bask in the sun or warmth of a 
fire ; of the sun : to shine brightly ; to add 
fuel to fire. — «. what warms ; basking in 
the sun or warmth of a fire. 

Beek, v. to bathe, foment. 

Beel, v. used of cattle : to collect them at 
night to a spot suitable for their spending 
the night in the open. — n. a place where 
they are so collected. 

Beel, n. a shelter. Cf. Bield. 

Beel, v. to fester ; to swell with pain or 
remorse. Cf. Beal. 

Beeld, n. an image. 

Beeld, v. to shelter. Cf. Bield. 

Beeldy, adj. giving shelter. Cf. Bieldy. 

Beem, v. to steep tubs, &c. , in order to make 
them watertight. Cf. Beam. 

Been, «. a bone. Cf. Bane. 

Beene, v. to steep a tub when its staves have 
shrunk. 

Beenge, v. to bow ; to cringe, fawn. 

Beenmost, adj. uppermost. Cf. Bunemost. 

Beeny, adj. bony ; full of bones. 

Beer, n. a drinking-bout. 

Beerach, n. a cord fastening a cow's tail to 
her leg during milking. Cf. Bourach. 

Beeran, n. a small trout. 

Beerlin, n. a half-decked galley. Cf. Berlin. 

Beer-mell, n. a ' mell ' for pounding barley. 

Bees, k. a state of confusion ; muddle ; light- 
headedness ; fuddle. 

Bee-scap, -skep, n. a beehive. 

Beesnin, n. the milk drawn from a cow newly 
calved. 

Beest, v. had to ; was compelled to. Cf. 
Beed, Bood, Beet. 

Beest, 11. the milk of a cow newly calved. 

Beest-, Beesting-cheese, n. cheese made of 
coagulated 'beest.' 

Beest-milk, it. the milk of a cow newly calved. 



Beggar 

Bee-stone, n. the stone on which a hive rests. 

Bee's-wisp, n. a wild bee's nest on the surface 
of the ground. 

Beet, v. to tie up flax in sheaves or bundles. — 
n. a sheaf or bundle of flax prepared for the 
mill. 

Beet, v. to kindle or mend a fire ; to rouse or 
kindle a passion ; to repair ; to praise ; to 
blazon ; to supply ; to prevent waste by 
addition ; to soothe, mitigate. — n. an addi- 
tion ; a supply ; in//, needful things. 

Beet, u. a boot. 

Beet, v. had to ; was compelled. Cf. Beest, 
Bood. 

Beetikin, n. a hobnailed boot. 

Beetin-band, n. the strap which binds a 
bundle of flax. 

Beetle, v. to beat with a beetle ; to pound ; 
to mash. — «. a flat piece of wood used by 
dyers and washerwomen. 

Beetle, v. to project ; to grow long and sharp. 

Beetle, v. to amend ; used of crops : to re- 
cover. Cf. Bietle. 

Beetle-bee, n. a flying beetle ; a humming 
beetle. 

Beetle-hicht, n. the height of a beetle. 

Beetling-stone, n. the stone on which clothes 
are 'beetled.' 

Beetl't-taties, -praties, n. mashed potatoes. 

Beet-master, -mister, n. a person or thing 
helpful in emergency. 

Beeton, n. in phi: ' burdie-beeton,' » fondling 
term for a little child. 

+Beetraw, n. beetroot. 

Beff, n. a stupid person. 

Beff, v. to strike ; to beat. — n. a stroke. Cf. 
Baff. 

Beffan, Bemn, n. a soft, stupid person. 

Beflum, v. to befool by cajolery. — n. idle, 
nonsensical, wheedling talk. 

Befong, ii. a kind of handkerchief, and its 
material. 

Before, adv. of a watch or clock : fast. — conj. 
rather than. 

Beft, v. to beat ; to strike. 

Befyle, v. to soil, defile. 

Begairied, pp!. adj. bespattered ; bedaubed : 
variegated. 

Begairies, n. ornamental stripes of cloth on 
garments. 

tBegarie, Begarrie, v. to variegate ; to be- 
spatter, besmear. 

Begarred, ppl. adj. variegated ; covered with 
filth ; bespattered with mud. 

Begeck, Begeik, v. to deceive ; to jilt ; to 
disappoint. — n. a trick ; disappointment. 
i, adv. by chance ; at random. 

Begg, n. barley ; bigg. 

Beggar, v. used as a quasi-imprecation. — n. a 
term of reproach or familiar address. 



Beggar-bolts s 

Beggar-bolts, «. darts ; missiles of stone. 

Beggar'a-bed, n. a bed allotted to beggars in 
the barn. 

Beggar's-brown, n. light-brown snuff made 
from tobacco-stems. 

Beggar's-plaits, ;;. wrinkles or creases in 
garments as if slept in. 

Begin, v. to say grace before a meal. 

Begink, v. to cheat ; to jilt. — n. a cheat ; a 
jilting. Cf. Begunk. 

Beglammer, v. to bewitch ; to deceive ; to 
hoodwink. 

Beglaum, i: to bewitch. 

Begnet, n. a bayonet. Cf. Bagnet. 

Bego, int. used as an expletive or oath. 

Begoud, Begouth, v. pret. began. 

Begowk, Begouk, v. to trick, befool ; to jilt. 
— n. a trick ; jilting. 

Begowker, ». a deceiver. 

Begoyt, adj. foolish. 

Begrat, Begratten, Begritten, ppl. adj. tear- 
stained ; disfigured with weeping. 

Begrudge, v. to regret ; to ill-wish. — n. sus- 
picion. 

Begrutten, />//. adj. tear-stained. Cf. Begrat. 

Begiiid, v. pret. began. Cf. Begoud. 

Beguile, v. to deprive by a trick ; to lead into 
error; to disappoint. — n. a trick; disap- 
pointment. 

Begullion, n. a glamour deceiving the eyes. 

Begunk, n. a trick ; misfortune ; unlooked- 
for disappointment; jilting. — v. to cheat; 
to jilt ; to play a trick ; to disappoint. 

Behad, v. to stop, wait ; to hold, maintain, 
hold as certain. Cf. Behald. 

Behadden, Behadin, ppl. held or kept back ; 
indebted ; obliged. 

Behald, Behaud, v. to behold ; to wait ; to 
delay ; to permit ; to connive at ; to watch ; 
to scrutinize ; to view with jealousy or 
suspicion; to recognize. — u. recognition; 
notice. 

Behand, adv. mphr. 'to come weel behand,' 
to manage well. 

Behauden, ppl. under obligation ; indebted. 
Cf. Behadden. 

Behinds, n. the posteriors. 

Behint, Benin', adv. late ; too late ; in arrears 
of work, payment, or fulfilment ; used of 
a clock or watch : slow. — prep, behind. 

Beho, n. a laughing-stock. Cf. Boho. 

Behold, v. to scrutinize ; to take no notice of, 
connive at ; to hold back. Cf. Behald. 

Beholden, ppl. indebted. 

Behoove, Behove, v. to be obliged. — n. behoof. 

Beigh, v. to cough. 

Beik, n. trifles ; a nest of wild bees ; a gather- 
ing. Cf. Bike. 

Beik, v. to warm ; to bask in the sun. Cf. 
Beek. 



Belirt 

Beik, n. a cant word for a person ; a man's 
mouth, face, &c. Cf. Beak. 

Beikat, n. a male salmon. Cf. Bykat, Bukat. 

Beil, Beill, v. to fester ; to give pain or trouble 
to. Cf. Beal. 

Beild, ». an image. Cf. Beeld. 

Beild, n. a shelter. Cf. Bield. 

Beildless, adj. unsheltered. 

Beiling, n. suppuration. 

Bein, n. a bone. Cf. Bane, Been. 

Bein, adj. well-to-do ; comfortable ; eager ; 
used of a house or cask : thoroughly dry, 
watertight. — adv. comfortably. Cf. Bien. 

Beine, v. to ' beam ' or warm a teapot before 
using it. Cf. Beene. 

Being, n. livelihood ; means of subsistence. 

Being, n. the beach of the seashore. 

Beinge, v. to bow ; to cringe. Cf. Beenge. 

Beinless, adj. comfortless. 

Bein-like, adj. in apparent comfort and well- 
being. 

Beinly, adv. comfortably ; happily ; prosper- 
ously. 

Beinness, n. comfort ; prosperity ; moderate 
wealth. 

Beir-tree, n. the bier on which a corpse is 
carried to the grave. 

Beis, prep, in comparison with ; in addition 
to. 

Beis, v. 3rd per. sing. pres. subj. cf be. 

Beisand, adj. quite at a loss ; stupefied ; be- 
numbed. 

Beist-, Beistie-milk, n. the first milk of a cow 
after calving. Cf. Beest. 

Beit, v. to kindle ; to add fuel ; to supply. 
Cf. Beet. 

Beiting-band, n. the bandage of a sheaf of 
flax or lint. Cf. Beetin-band. 

Beizless, adj. extreme. — adv. extremely. 

fBejan, 11. a first year's student at a Scottish 
university. — v. to initiate a new shearer in 
the harvest-field by bumping his posteriors 
on a stone. 

Beke, v. to warm ; to bask. Cf. Beek. 

Belaired, ppl. adj. stuck fast in mud, &c. 

Belaubir, v. to belabour. 

Belay, v. to overcome. 

Belbevar, v. to puzzle ; to perplex ; to be 
unable to decide. 

Belch, n. a very fat person or animal ; a brat 
of a child. Cf. Bilch. 

Beld, adj. bald. — v. to make bald ; to become 
bald. 

Boldness, u. baldness. 

Belicket, n. in plir. ' deil-belicket,' ' fient- 
belicket,' absolutely nothing. 

Belike, adj. probable ; likely. — adv. probably. 

Belie, adv. speedily ; soon. Cf. Belyve. 

Belirt, v. to jilt ; to beguile, deceive. Cf. 
Lirt. 



Belive 

Belive, adv. speedily ; immediately ; soon. 

Cf. Belyve. 
Belks, n. the stems of seaweed, formerly used 

in making kelp. 
Bell, n. the top of a hill ; the highest part of 

a slope ; a bellman ; a town-crier with a 

bell. — v. to advertise by means of a bellman. 
Bell, n. a bubble.— v. to bubble ; to swell out. 
Bell, n. a blaze or white mark on a horse's 

face. 
Bell, n. the blossom of a plant. 
Bell, adj. bald. Cf. Beld. 
Bella, n. a bonfire. Cf. Bale. 
Bellam, n-. a stroke. Cf. Bellum. 
Bellandine, n. a broil, squabble. 
Beller, v. to bubble up. 
Bell-heather, n. the cross-leaved heather. 
Bell-house, n. a church-tower, belfry. 
Belli-bucht, n. a hollow in a hill transverse 

to the slope. 
Bellicou, n. a blusterer. 
Bellie-mantie, n. blindman's buff. 
Belli-hooin', n. riotousness. 
I Bellisand, adj. elegant ; of imposing appear- 
ance. 
Bell-kite, n. the bald coot. 
Bell-money, n. money demanded by children 

at a house in which there is a wedding. 

Cf. Ba'-money. 
Belloch, v. to bellow ; to cry loudly, roar. — 

n. a roar, bellow. 
Belloch, n. a narrow mountain -pass. Cf. 

Balloch. 
Bellonie, n. a brawling, noisy woman. 
Bell-penny, ». money laid past to provide for 

one's funeral. 
Bell-pow, ». a bald head. 
Bellraive, v. to rove about ; to be unsteady ; 

to act on impulse. 
Bell-ringer, ». the long-tailed titmouse. 
Bell't, adj. bald. Cf. Beld. 
Bell'tness, n. baldness. 
Bellum, n. force ; impetus ; a stroke ; a blow ; 

a blast. 
Bellums, n. a boys' game. 
Bellware, n. seaweed, of which kelp was 

made. 
Bellwaver, u. to straggle ; to stroll ; used of 

the mind : to fluctuate, be inconstant ; to 

tell a story incoherently. 
Bellwavering, n. fluttering ; rambling. 
Bell-weed, n. ' bellware." 
Belly, v. to eat or drink voraciously ; to stuff 

the belly. 
Belly, v. to bellow ; to weep loudly. 
Belly-blind, adj. quite blind. — ». blindman's 

buff. 
Belly-flaught, adv. headlong ; hastily ; face- 
down ; flat-forward ; overhead in skinning 
an animal. 



'■7 



Bend 



Belly-flaughtered, ppl. adj. thrown flat on 

the ground. 
Belly-god, n. a glutton. 
Belly-gourdon, -gut, -hudroun, n. a glutton. 
Belly-rack, n. gormandizing. 
Belly-rive, n. a great feast ; a social gathering. 
Belly-thraw, n. a colic. 
Belly-timber, n. food ; provisions. 
Below, v. to demean. 
Belsh, «. a very fat person. Cf. Belch. 
Belshach, n. a contemptuous designation of a 

child ; a brat. Cf. Belch. 
Belshie, adj. short and fat. Cf. Belch. 
Belstracht, adv. headlong, prostrate. 
Belt, n. the bolt of a door. 
Belt, k. a narrow plantation. 
Belt, v. to flog ; to scourge. 
Belt, v. to come forward with a sudden spring. 
Belt, v. to gird as an honorary distinction. 
Beltane, n. the 1st of May o.s. and N.s. ; 

sometimes the 3rd of May, and Whitsunday ; 

a festival formerly kept by herds and young 

people on May I and June 21. 
Belted plaid, n. a Highlander's full military 

dress plaid. 
Belter, n. a heavy blow, a succession of 

blows ; bickering. 
Beltie, «. a small, narrow plantation. 
Beltie, n. a water-hen. 
Belting, n. ' Beltane. ' 
Bely, v. to besiege. 
Belyve, adj. immediately ; by-and-by. 
Bemang, v. to hurt, injure ; to maul. 
Bemean, v. to degrade, to lower one's self. 
Bement, v. to render demented. 
Bemmle, n. an ill-made man ; an ungainly 

walker. 
Ben, n. a hill, mountain. 
Ben, n. the supply of empty coal-tubs. 
Ben, 11. a small species of salmon. 
Ben, adv. in, inside, within ; in or into the 

parlour ; in toward the speaker. — prep, in, 

within. — n. an inner room, a parlour. 
Ben-a-hoose, adj. belonging to the parlour or 

the best room. — adv. in the parlour. 
Ben-a-hoose-breakfast, n. phr. breakfast for 

the farmer's family in the parlour. 
Ben-a-hoose-breid, n. phr. an oatcake of finer 

quality for use in a farmer's parlour. 
Ben-a-hoose-woman, -umman, n. phr. a 

parlour-maid. 
Bench, n. a plate-rack. 
Bend, n. strong, thick leather for the soles of 

boots or shoes. 
Bend, n. a piece of bent iron-plate going over 

the back of the last horse at plough ; in 

pi. the complete furniture of a peat-horse. 

— v. to adjust on a horse the harness for 

panniers. 
Bend, n. a foolish, foppish fellow ; a ' booser ; ' 



Bend 



Besle 



a draught of liquor. — v. to drink hard or 
greedily ; to ' boose. ' 

Bend, n. a bound, spring, leap. — v. to 
bound, spring. 

Bend, n. a muffler ; a kerchief ; a cowl. 

Bend, v. to cock a gun. 

Bend, v. with up, to embolden. 

Bend, adj. bold. — adv. bravely. 

Bender, n. a silly fellow ; a hard drinker. 
Cf. Bend. 

Bendit, ppl. adj. crouching, ready to spring. 

Bend-leather, n. thick leather for soling boots 
and shoes. 

Bene, adj. well-to-do. Cf. Bein. 

Benefit, n. farm servants' wages so far as paid 
in kind. 

Benefit-man, n. a farm-servant paid partly in 
kind. 

Ben-end, «. the better room in a two-roomed 
house ; the best part of anything. 

Benew, adv. beneath. 

Bengie, n. a penalty exacted by harvesters 
from a visitor to the field, either in money or 
in the infliction of 'bumping ' on the stubble. 
— v. to inflict the penalty of ' bumping.' 

Bengiel, n. a heap ; u. large quantity. Cf. 
Bangyal. 

Ben-hoose, n. the inner or principal room. 

Ben-inno, adv. to within ; towards the speaker 
in a room. 

fBenjamine, n. benzoin. 

Benjel, n. a heap. Cf. Bangyal. 

Benk, n. a bench ; a plate-rack. Cf. Bink. 

Benlin, n. a long, light stone, slung in the 
loops of straw-ropes on a thatched or turfed 
roof. 

Benlins, adv. towards the interior of a house. 

Benmost, adj. inmost, farthest 'ben.' 

Benn, n. a sash ; a kerchief. Cf. Bend. 

Bennel, n. long, reedy grass, growing in stag- 
nant waters; va.pl. mats made of 'bennel,' 
and used as cottage partitions and ceilings ; 
dry, withered weeds gathered for burning. 

Bennels, n. the seed of flax. 

Banner, adj. inner. 

Benner gowan, n. the mountain daisy ; the 
garden fever-few. 

Bennermost, adj. innermost. 

Benorth, adv. to the northward of. 

Bense, n. a violent movement ; a blow, 
spring, strong push; vigour, energy.— z\ 
to walk or move violently ; to bounce. — 
adv. violently. 

Benshee, n. a ' banshee. ' 

Bensie, v. to strike vigorously. 

Bensil, Bensell, v. to beat; to bang.— n. a 
heavy blow ; a violent or sudden move- 
ment ; violence of storm, &c. ; a severe 
rebuke ; a place exposed to the violence of 
the storm. 



Bensing, «. the showing of great vigour in 

walking, working, &c. — ppl. adj. bouncing, 

vigorous ; used of a bow : full bent. 
Bensome, adj. quarrelsome. 
Bent, n. coarse grass growing near the sea or 

on moorland ; common hair-grass ; the open 

field ; a sandy knoll covered with ' bent ' ; 

the slope or hollow of a hill. 
Bent-dues, n. a levy formerly exacted from 

scholars for playing on the links on half- 
holidays. 
Een-the-hoose, adv. in the parlour. — ». the 

best or inner part of a house. Cf. Ben-a- 

hoose. 
Bentiness, n. the state of being covered with 

'bent.' 
Bent-moss, n. soil composed of hard moss 

covered thickly with 'bent.' 
Bent-silver, n. ? 'blessed money,' claimed on 

a saint's day. 
Benty, adj. covered with bent-grass. 
Benty bows, n. ? bandy-legs. 
Benward, adv. inward, forward. 
Benweed, Benwood, n. the common ragwort. 
Benwuth, adv. 'benward.' 
Benzel, n. a heap. Cf. Benjel. 
Beowld, ppl. adj. distorted. Cf. Beuld. 
Berge, v. to scold ; to storm. Cf. Bairge. 
Berlin, n. a sort of galley, a half-decked 

rowing-boat. 
Bern-windlin, n. a kiss given in the corner of 

a barn. 
Berry, n. the grain of corn ; a gooseberry. 
Berry, n. in phr. 'no' the berry,' a bad 

character, 'not the thing.' 
Berry, v. to beat, to cudgel ; to thresh corn. 

Cf. Barry. 
Berry-barn, n. the third finger. 
Berry-heather, «. the crowberry. 
Berthinsek, n. a law by which no man was to 

be capitally punished for stealing a calf or 

sheep, or so much meat as he could carry 

on his back in a sack. 
Bervie, Bervie-haddock, n. a haddock split 

and smoke-dried. 
Besaunt, v. to canonise ; to repute as very holy. 
Beseek, Beseik, v. to beseech. 
Beseene, ppl. adj. conversant with ; skilled 

in ; provided, furnished with. 
Beset, v. to ' set,' become. 
Besetment, n. a besetting weakness, trouble, 

or sin. 
Beshachil, a. to crook ; to deviate from the 

straight. 
Beshaeht, ppl. not straight ; tattered, dirty. 
Besides, prep, in comparison with. 
Beslabber, v. to eat slovenly ; to besmear in 

eating or drinking. 
Besle, v. to talk much at random and ignor- 

antly.— n. idle talk. 



Besmarten 

Besmarten, v. to make smart, neat. 

Besmiacher, v. to besmear. 

Besmotter, v. to smear or daub witli mud, 

&c. ; to bespatter, foul. 
Besna, v. neg. be not. 
Besnang, v. to crush, batter, beat in. 
Besom, re. a loose or slovenly woman ; a ' gipsy,' 

a term of contempt applied to a woman. 
Besom-clean, adj. clean only on the surface ; 

clean by sweeping though not by washing. 
Besom-shank, re. the handle of a besom. 
Besouth, adv. to the southward of. 
Bess, v. to sew slackly ; to baste. Cf. Baiss. 
Bessy, re. an ill-mannered, romping, or bad- 
tempered woman or girl ; a light-headed girl. 
Bessy-lorch, re. the loach. 
Best, v. to excel, to get the better of one. 

Cf. Beast, Baist. 
Best, adj. better. 
Best, re. a beast. 
Best-aueht, re. the best thing of a kind that 

one possesses. 
Best-cheip, -cheap, adj. the best for the money. 
tBestial, «. the live-stock on a farm. 
Best like, adj. best-looking. 
Best maid, re. a bridesmaid. 
Best man, re. a bridegroom's supporter. 
Best respects, re. intimate friends. 
Besturted, ppl. startled, alarmed. 
Besweik, Beswik, v. to allure ; to cheat, 

deceive. Cf. Swick. 
Bet, v. to beat ; to defeat. — v. pret. did beat. 
Bet, v. to assuage, mitigate. Cf. Beet. 
Betake, Betack, v. to inflict ; to hand over ; 

to resort ; to recover ; to take over. 
Betaucht, v. pret. and ppl. committed, de- 
livered up. Cf. Beteach. 
Betchell, v. to beat. 
Betchellin', re. a drubbing. 
Beteach, v. to deliver up ; to entrust ; to 

recommend to. 
Beteach us, phr. have a care of us ; give us 

understanding. 
Bethank, re. thanks ; indebtedness. 
Bethankit, int. God be thanked ! — re. grace 

after meat. 
Betheikit, ppl. thatched. 
Betheral, Bethral, re. beadle and sexton. 

Cf. Bedral. 
Bethout, pret. and adv. without. 
Betid, Beted, v. pret. befell. 
Betimes, adv. occasionally, at times ; by- 

and-by. 
Bet-lick, re. the conquering blow. 
Betoggit, ppl. adj. covered ; burdened. 
Betooch, Betootch, v. to commit, entrust. 

Cf. Beteach. 
Betooch -us -to, int. alas ! commend us to 

(God) ! have a care of us ! 
Better, v. to improve in health. — re. the best. 



29, Bewave 

—adj. greater, more, higher in price ; re- 
covered from illness. — adv. repeatedly ; 

with renewed efforts. 
Better-cheap, adv. cheaper, at a less price. 
Better-gates, adv. in a better way or manner. 
Better-like, adj. better - looking ; looking 

better (in health, &c). 
Betterlins, adv. better. 
Betterness, re. improvement in health. 
Betters, re. in phr. 'ten betters,' ten times 

better. 
Better side, n. what is more or older than. 
Better sort, re. the upper classes. 
Bettle, n. a blow, a stroke. 
Between-hands, adv. at intervals. 
Between-the-lights, phr. twilight. 
Between two minds, phr. undecided. 
Betweesh, prep, between. Cf. Atweesh. 
Betwixt and between, phr. neither one thing 

nor another ; intermediate. 
Beuch, re. the bow of a boat or ship ; a person, 

an individual person. 
Beuchel, v. to shamble ; to walk feebly with 

short steps. — re. a. little, weak, crooked 

creature. 
Beugle-backit, adj. crook-backed. 
Beuk, re. a. book ; a Bible. — v. to register for 

proclamation of banns of marriage. 
Beuk, v. pret. baked. 
Beuk, v. used of cattle : to grow fat, take on 

flesh. Cf. Bouk. 
Beukin'-nicht, re. the evening when names 

are ' beukit ' for marriage-banns. 
Beuk-lare, -lear, re. knowledge gained from 

books ; schooling. 
Beuk-lared, -lear'd, adj. learned ; educated. 
Beuk-worm, re. a bookworm. 
Beuld, adj. bow-legged. 
Beust, re. grass two years old ; grass withered 

from standing through the winter. 
Beusty, adj. dry; half- withered, used of grass. 
Beuter, re. the bittern. Cf. Bewter. 
Bevel, re. a strong thrust ; a heavy blow. 
Bever, v. to shake, quiver ; to tremble from 

age, infirmity, fright, or cold. 
Beverage, Beveridge, re. a fine in money, 

kisses, or drink, demanded of any one on 

the first wearing of new clothes ; the first 

kiss given to a newly-married bride by the 

bridegroom; a 'hansel.' — v. to 'hansel.' 
Bevie, n. a large fire. 
Bevie, re. a jog, push. Cf. Bevel. 
Bevil, v. to manage, arrange. 
Bevil-edge, re. the edge of a sharp tool, sloping 

towards the point. 
Bevir-horse, re. a lean horse, one worn-out 

with age or hard work. 
Bewer, v. to quiver. Cf. Bever. 
Bewave, v. to lay wait for ; to overcome by 

mean stratagem. 



Bewest 

Bewest, adv. to the west of. 

Bewiddied, ppl. adj. bewildered. 

Bewill, v. to cause to go astray. 

Bewith, n. a temporary substitute or makeshift. 

Bewk, v. pret. baked. 

Bewter, n. the bittern. 

Bey, n. a room of a cottage or house. 

Beyont, adv. yonder, beyond ; beyond all 
things ; over and above. — prep, beyond. — 
n. a place or district supposed to be beyond 
ken. 

Beyon'- the -beyont, phr. quite incredible; 
quite out of the way. 

Beysand. adj. quite at a loss ; benumbed ; 
stupefied. Cf. Beisand. 

Beyzless, adj. extreme. — adv. extremely. Cf. 
Beizless. 

Bezle, v. to talk ignorantly or at random. Cf. 
Besle. 

Biach, n. a familiar term of address, often 
used to children. 

Bias, adv. very. Cf. Byous. 

Bib, n. the stomach. 

Bib, Bibble, v. to tipple. 

Bibble, v. to snivel. Cf. Bubble. 

Bibble, n. nonsense. 

Bibbles, n. nasal mucus. 

Bibblie, adj. snotty ; blubbering. Cf. Bubbly. 

Bibblie-gauger, n. the nose. 

Bible, n. a book of any kind ; a large quarto or 
folio volume. 

tBibliothecar, n. a librarian. 

tBibliotheck, n. a library. 

Bicht, n. anything folded or doubled, the 
loop in a rope ; a measure of the length of 
a coil of fishing-line ; a bay, creek. Cf. 
Becht. 

Bick, u. in phr. ' bick and birr, ' to cry as 
grouse. 

Bick, n. bitch ; a sluttish woman. 

Bicker, v. to pelt with stones ; to strike re- 
peatedly ; to move quickly and noisily ; to 
ripple ; to indulge in rough or indelicate 
horseplay. — n. a scrimmage ; a stone -fight ; 
a rapid and noisy movement ; a rough, 
stupid, and noisy person. 

Bicker, n. a wooden beaker or drinking-cup ; 
a porridge-dish ; a bowl ; a small wooden 
vessel, with one of the staves prolonged as 
a handle. 

Bicker-cut, n. hair- cutting by means of a 
bowl placed on the head. 

Bickerfu', n. a bowlful. 

Bickerin', n. indelicate toying ; quarrelling. 

Bicker-raid, n. a harvest frolic in which a 
young man threw down a girl, and the 
other harvesters covered them with their 
'bickers.' 

Bid, v. to desire, wish ; to invite to a wed- 
ding or funeral. 



3° 



Big-ox-eye 



Biddableness, n. docility, compliance. 
Biddably, adv. obediently, meekly. 
Biddenable, adj. obedient, docile. 
Bidding, n. an invitation. 
Bide, v. used of persons : to wait, remain, 

tarry ; dwell, live ; of things : to remain, 

continue ; to await ; to tolerate ; to be 

the better of, receive, require. — n. pain, 

suffering. 
Bide by, v. to adhere to, maintain. 
Biding, n. endurance, enduring ; in pi. suffer- 
ings. 
Biel', Bield, re. image, figure, form. Cf. Beeld. 
Bield, Biel, v. to shelter, protect ; to take 

shelter. — n. a shelter, refuge, a home, house ; 

anything that shelters or shades. 
Bielding, n. shelter ; protection. 
Bieldy, Biely, adj. furnishing shelter ; snug. 
Bien, adj. thriving ; prosperous ; comfortable. 

Cf. Bein. 
Bier, v. to roar as a bull. — n. a shout ; a 

complaint. 
Bier, n. twenty threads in the breadth of a 

web. 
Bierling, n. a galley. Cf. Berlin. 
Bierly, adj. big, burly, 'buirdly.' 
Biets, n. the milk of a newly-calved cow. 

Cf. Beest. 
Bietle, v. to amend, recover health ; used of 

a crop : to improve. 
Biffy, ii. a nickname for a short, pursy fellow. 

Cf. Beefy. 
Big, adj. pregnant, gravid ; haughty, conse- 
quential. 
Big, Bigg, v. to build ; to build a nest. 
Big coat, ii. a greatcoat. 
Big end, n. the greater part. 
tBigent, n. a first year's student at St 

Andrews University. Cf. Bejan. 
Bigger, ». a builder. 
Biggie, Biggin, re. a linen cap or coif. 
Biggin, //. a building ; a house ; a cottage ; 

the act of building. 
Biggit, ppl. adj. built ; grown ; wealthy. 
Biggit-land, n. land built on. 
Biggit-wa's, n. buildings ; houses. 
Biggie, v. to separate grain from the straw by 

shaking it. 
Biggonet, n. a linen cap or coif. 
Bighornie, re. the devil, the ' muckle deil.' 
Bightsom, adj. having an air of ease combined 

with activity. 
Bigly, adj. pleasant ; commodious. 
Big mavis, re. the missel-thrush. 
Big miss, n. a great loss by death, or by the 

departure of a friend. 
Bigness, re. size, bulk. 
Bignet, n. a bayonet. Cf. Bagnet. 
Big on, -upon, v. to fall upon, attack. 
Big-ox-eye, it. the great titmouse. 



Bigsie 

Bigsie, adj. rather large ; proud, conceited ; 

used contemptuously. 
Big up, c. to confirm in an opinion ; to devote 
one's self to an opinion, idea, purpose, or 
person. 
Bike, ti. a nest of wild bees ; a swarm : a 
habitation ; an assembly of people ; a wind- 
fall, unexpected luck ; an erection shaped 
like a bee-hive for preserving grain. — v. to 
swarm like bees : to assemble, crowd. 
Bike, n. the hook of the crook from which 

pots hang over a fire in cooking. 
Biking, n. a hive, a swarm. 
Bikker, ». a smuggling-vessel. Cf. Bukker. 
Bilbie, ii . a residence : shelter. 
Bilch, «. a fat, short person or animal : a 
monster; a 'brat' ; a little, crooked, insig- 
nificant person. 
Bilch, r. to limp, halt. 
Bilcher, «. one who limps. 
Bilder, «. a scab. 
Bile, n. a boil; mphr. a 'bile in the stomach," 

a bilious attack. 
Bile, it. the heating of corn-stacks. — z: to 

boil. 
Bilf , //. a contemptuous designation of a pursy 

person ; a monster. 
Bilf, n. a blunt stroke. 
Bilgate, n. a ' bout,' a 'go.' 
Bilget, ii. a projection to support a shelf, &c 

— adj. bulging, iutting out. 
Bill, n. a letter, a missive. 
Bill, z . to register ; to indict. 
Bill, ii. a bull. 
Billatory, n. a restless bull. 
Bill-blo, ». a bull. 
Billibue, «. a hullabaloo. 
Billie, ii. a brother ; a comrade. Cf. Billy. 
Bill-jock, ii. a bull. 
Billseag, //. an old, castrated bull. 
Bill-sweater, n. a money-lender. 
Billy, a. a young fellow ; a comrade ; a 

brother ; a lover ; a boy. 
Billy, ii. the golden warbler. 
Billy, v. to bellow ; to low. Cf. Belly. 
Billy-bentie, n. a smart, roguish boy. 
Billy-blin, n. a benevolent sprite, a 'brownie.' 
Billy-blind, n. blindman's buff: the person 

blindfolded in the game. 
Billy-blinder, «. the person who hoodwinks 
another in the game of blindman's buff ; an 
imposture, a 'blind.' 
Billy-fairplay, n. a game of chance, common 

at village fairs. 
Billy-hood, n. brotherhood. 
Billy -play -fair tummlin' tarns, n. fir: 

riddles for riddling coals. 
Billy-whitethroat, «. the golden warbler. 
Bilsh, ii. a short, plump person : a thriving, 
stout person or animal, Cf, Belch, 



i Binked shoes 

Bilshie, adj. short and stout ; plump and 

thriving. 
Bilt, n. a short, thickset person. 
Bilt, ii. a blow. 
Bilt, n. a limp. — zi. to limp; to walk with 

crutches. 
Bilter, it. a child. 

Biltie, adj. thickset ; clubbish ; clumsy. 
BUtieness, n. clumsiness. 
Bilting, ///. moving like a short, thickset 

person. 
Bim, n. to hum, to buzz. — n. the act of 

humming or buzzing. 
Bimmer, n. anything that hums or buzzes. 
Bin, a. a hill ; a mountain. Cf. Ben. 
Bin, 11. key, mood, humour, 'pin. : 
Bin, Binn, z: to bind. 
Bin, :■. to move or run swiftly. 
Bin, v. to curse : imferath'c used as an im- 
precation. 
Bind, n. capacity, ability, sense. 
Bind, z: to tie sheaves in harvesting ; to restrain. 
Binder, n. one who ties sheaves at harvest ; a 
strip of cloth put round cheese when taken 
from the ' chessel ' ; the bandage wound 
round a new-born child ; the bandage wound 
round a woman after parturition ; a large 
stone built in a wall to give solidity. 
Binding-bonse, n. a treat at the signing bv 
master and man of the engagement for 
sen-ice. 
Bindle, n. a cord or rope of hemp or straw, 

for tying or binding. 
Bind-pock, it. a niggard. 
Bindweed, ». the ragwort. 
Bindwood, n. ivy. 
Bine, 11. a tub. Cf. Boyne. 
Bing, n. a crowd; aheap, pile. — v. to pile; to 

accumulate. 
Bing, v. to go. 

Bing, ». a bin or l>ox for corn, wine, &c 
Bing, ». the sea-beach. Cf. Being. 
Binge, v. to sneak, cringe, fawn ; to bow. 

Cf. Beenge. 
Bingly, adv. comfortably. 
Binjel, it. a bundle of hay, &c. Cf. Bunjel, 

Banyel. 
Bink, ii. a large shelf; a plate-rack : a bench ; 
a bank ; a ledge in a cliff; a peat-bank ; a 
wasps' or wild bees' nest ; a small heap of 
clay, mortar, &c. 
Bink, n. a crease, a fold. 
Bink, v. to bend down ; to lean forward awk- 
wardly ; to curtsy ; to press down ; to 
destroy the shape of shoes. — n. a bending 
movement. 
Binkart, n. a pile of stones, dirt, &c. Cf. 

Binker. 
Binked shoes, //. shoes full of creases and 
bends ; shoes down at the heels. 



Binker 



32 



Binker, v. to pile up in a heap. — n. a heap of 
stones, dirt, &c. 

BinMe, adj. gaudy, trimly dressed. 

Bulk-side, n. the side of a long seat near the 
fire in a country -house. 

Bum, «. strength ; excellence. Cf. Bind. 

Binn, n. the reapers in a harvest-field. Cf. 
Boon. 

Binna, v. be not. 

Binna, Binnae, prep, except, save. 

Binne, n. a temporary enclosure for preserving 
grain. 

Binner, adj. more comfortable. Cf. Bein. 

Binner, v. to move swiftly ; to rush ; to work 
with a dash ; to cause a whirring or hum- 
ming sound, to buzz. — n. a quick move- 
ment, noisy dash ; a sounding blow ; a 
quantity of work done ; the boiling-point. 
— adv. noisily and forcibly. 

Binnins, n. the chains, ic, by which cattle 
are tied up in the ' byre.' 

Binater, ». one who ties sheaves in harvesting ; 
a ' bandster.' 

Bir, ». force, impetus. Cf. Birr. 

Birbeck, n. the call of the moorcock or grouse. 

Bird, n. a young bird ; a damsel ; offspring 
of quadrupeds, in particular of the fox ; a 
grouse ; a partridge ; also applied to man 
or woman in ironic familiarity. 

Bird-and-joe, adv. cheek-by-jowl, like Darby 
and Joan. 

Bird-mouthed, -mou'd, adj. unwilling to speak 
out ; mealy-mouthed ; tender in finding fault. 

Bird's-nest, «. the wild carrot. 

Birk, n. a piece of round timber laid horizon- 
tally in roof-making, over which the rafters 
were laid loose. 

Birk, n. the birch-tree. 

Birk, n. a smart youth. Cf. Birkie. 

Birk, - . to give a tart answer ; to converse in 
a lively or cutting way ; with up, to brisk 
up, cheer up. 

Birken, adj. abounding in birches ; made of 
birch. — n. a birch-tree. 

Birkenshaw, n. a small wood of birch-trees, 
&c. 

Birkie, adj. abounding in birches. 

Birkie, ». a lively, smart youth ; a designation 
of a person of any age. — adj. lively, smart ; 
spirited in speech and action. 

Birkie, n. the card-game 'beggar-my-neigli- 
bour.' 

Birk-kuowe, n. a knoll covered with birches 

Birl, v. to revolve with a whirring sound ; to 
twirl round : to si >'n ; to cause to sound ; 
to move quickly, hurry along ; to spend 
money freely in drink or gaming ; to pour 
out liquor ; to ply with drink ; to drink 
hard; to carouse. — n. a brisk dance; a 
whirring sound. 



Birst 

Birley-oats, «. a species of oats. Cf. Barley- 
oats. 

Birlie, Birlin, ». a loaf of bread ; a small 
cake of barley or oatmeal. 

Birlie-, Birlaw-conrt, ». a court of country 
neighbours to settle local concerns, &c. Cf. 
Burlaw. 

Birlie-man, n. a member of the ' birlie-court." 
Cf. Barley-men. 

Birlin, «. a half-decked galley or rowing- 
boat. Cf. Berlin. 

Birling, ». a feast, a carousal ; a drinking- 
match, in which the drink is clubbed for ; 
a whirring noise ; a noisy, rapid revolution 
of a wheeL 

Birn, «. a burden ; a load carried on the back. 

Birn, n. the labia pudenda of a cow. 

Birn, n. a burnt mark ; a burnt mark on a 
sheep's nose for identification ; a scorched 
stem of burnt heather. — v. to burn. — phr. 
'skin and birn,' the whole of anything or 
any number. 

Birn, n. dry, heathery pasture for summering 
of lambs after weaning. — v. to put lambs 
on a poor, dry pasture. 

Birney, adj. ? sturdy, rough, muscular, 
brawny. 

Birnman, n. the man who earned grain to a 
mill and carried back the meal. 

Birny, adj. covered with charred stems of 
heather ; having rough or stunted stems ; 
? of the temper : crusty, sour, irascible. 

Birr, ». force ; impetus, energy ; violence ; 
passion ; a rapid, whirling motion ; a 
whirring noise. — v. to move rapidly, bustle : 
to act with energy ; to whir ; to be in a 
turmoil or confusion. 

Birrel, n. a ring for a staff. Cf. VirL 

Birringly, adv. with vigour, energetically. 

Birrit, Birritie, n. the hedge-sparrow ; the 
willow-warbler. 

Birr up, z . to prick up the ears. 

Birs, n. the gadfly. 

Birse, ». a bristle ; hair ; a plume of hair or 
bristles ; a bristle attached to the end of 
shoemakers' or saddlers' waxed thread ; 
temper, anger. — v. to bristle, to get sud- 
denly angry. 

Birse, «. a bruise, contusion : pressure, 
a squeeze. — r. to bruise, crush, squeeze, 
force, press. 

Birsie, adj. pushing, forward ; bristly : hot- 
tempered, passionate; keen, sharp. — n. a 
pert, forward child. Cf. Birsy. 

Birsk, n. gristle, cartilage. 

Birsie, v. to scorch, too^t, parch : to crackle 
with heat. — n. a thorough warming. 

Birslin', ppl. adj. drying, scorching. — ». a 
scorching. 

Birst, n. a small, impudent person. 



Missing Page 



Black-blutter 



34 



Black-blutter, n. a blackberry, a bramble. 
Black-bonnet, n. an elder of the Church ; the 

black-headed bunting. 
Black-boo, «. a nursery bogy. 
Blackboyd, n. a blackberry. 
Black-burning, adj. causing intense blushing 

or shame. 
Black-cap, n. the cole-tit. 
Black-clock, ». a cockroach ; a black-beetle. 
Black-coaly-head, «. the reed-bunting. 
Blackcoat, n. a minister of religion. 
Blackcock, n. in phr. ' to make a blackcock 

of one,' to shoot one. 
Black-cork, n. porter. 
Black COW, n. a misfortune. Cf. Black ox. 
Black-crap, n. a crop of beans or peas ; a 

crop which is always green. 
Black-doctor, ». a leech. 
Black-doggie, n. a variety of the game, ' drop 

the handkerchief. ' 
Black-dooker, n. the cormorant. 
Blackening, ». the black that affects iron- 
moulders injuriously. 
Black-fasting, adj. practising severe fasting. 
Black-fish, n. newly-spawned fish ; a salmon 

after spawning. 
Black-fisher, n. a night-poacher of fish ; a 

fisher of ' black-fish.' 
Black-fishing, n. fishing illegally for salmon 

at night, or for ' black- fish.' 
Blackfit, n. a lovers' go-between. 
Black frost, n. hard frost without rime or 

snow. 
Black-fyse, adj. of swarthy complexion. Cf. 

Black-aviced. 
Blackgang, adj. blackguardly. 
Blackguard, n. 'black-rappee' snuff, 'Irish 

blackguard.' 
Blackhead, n. the laughing gull. 
Black-headed tomtit, ». the great tit. 
Black hole, n. prison ; police cell. 
Black hudie, n. the black-headed bunting ; 

the cole-head or reed-bunting. 
Blackie, n. a blackbird. 
Blackie, ». a bee ; a kind of wild bee. 
Black-jack, n. a dark-coloured sweetmeat 

made of sugar or treacle and spice. 
Black-keel, ». plumbago. 
Blackleg, ». a workman who works for a 

master whose men are on strike. 
Blackleg, «. a disease of cattle. 
Blackleg, n. a match -maker, a lovers' go- 
between. Cf. Blackfit. 
Blacklie, adj. ill - coloured ; dirty; badly 

washed ; dark with threatening clouds. 
Blackman, n. a nursery bogy ; liquorice or 

'black-sugar.' 
Black martin, n. the swift. 
Blackmill, ». a water-mill witli one wheel. 
Black money, u. forged copper coinage. 



Bladderdash 

Blackneb, «. a person disaffected toward 
Government ; a carrion crow ; a 'blackleg' 
workman. 
Black-nebbit, adj. having a black bill ; dis- 
affected toward Government. 
Blacknebbit crow, «. the carrion crow. 
Black oil, n. oil made from the haddock and 

other fish. 
Black o' the e'e, n. phr. the apple of the eye. 
Black ox, n. a misfortune ; a bereavement ; a 

great calamity. 
Black ox-eye, n. the cole titmouse. 
Black Peter, ». a portmanteau ; a lamp in 
which the pith of rushes served as the wick. 
Black pishminnie, n. a black ant. 
Black quarter, n. a disease of cattle. 
Black rappee, ». a kind of snuff. 
Blacks, ». black clothes ; mourning garments. 
Black saxpence, «. the devil's sixpence, 
supposed to be received as pledge of 
engagement to be his, soul and body, and 
reputed, if kept constantly in the pocket, 
to have always another sixpence along with 
it, however much be spent. 
Black-sole, n. a lovers' go-between. Cf. 

Blackfit, Blackleg. 
Black spats, n. irons on the legs. 
Black-spaul, -spauld, n. pleurisy in cattle, 

and especially calves. 
Black starling, n. the starling. 
Black-stool, n. the ' stool of repentance ' for 
offenders doing public penance. Cf. Stool. 
Black-strap, n. weak treacle-beer ; a con- 
temptuous name for porter. 
Black swift, «. the swift. 
Black-tang, «. the ore-weed, seaweed. 
Black-toed gull, n. Richardson's skua. 
Black victual, n. peas and beans. 
Black ward, «. servitude to a servant. 
Black weather, n. rainy weather. 
Black wet, «. rain as distinguished from snow. 
Black wine, «. dark-coloured, in contrast to 

white wine. 
Black winter, n. the last cartload of grain 

brought from the harvest-field. 
Blad, v. to take long steps, treading heavily. 
— n. a long and heavy step in walking ; a 
person walking with long and heavy step. 
Blad, «. a large portion of anything ; a leaf ; 
a specimen ; a fragment ; a portfolio ; a 
blotting-pad. 
Blad, h. a person of weak, soft constitution, 

from rapid overgrowth. 
Blad, n. a slap, blow ; a squall ; a heavy fall 
of rain ; a dirty spot ; a discoloration. — v. 
to slap, strike, thrust violently ; used of 
wind and rain : to beat against, to drive 
in gusts ; to spoil, to injure ; to soil ; to 
abuse, defame. 
Bladderdash, «. nonsense. 



Bladderskate 



35 



Blash 



Bladderskate, n. a foolish, noisy talker. Cf. 
Blatherskite. 

Bladdin, ppl. adj. breezy, gusty. — re. a spoil- 
ing, destruction. 

Bladdo, Bladdoch, re. buttermilk. Cf. Bled- 
doch. 

Bladdy, adj. gusty, unsettled. 

Blade, v. to slap ; to spoil. Cf. Blad. 

Blade, re. a cabbage or 'kail' leaf. — v. to 
take the outer leaves off cabbages. 

Blad haet, re. absolutely nothing. 

Bladie, adj. full of large, broad leaves growing 
from the stem. 

Bladrock, re. a talkative, silly fellow. 

Bladry, re. trumpery ; foolishness, deception. 
Cf. Blaidry. 

Blads and dawds, re. phr. large leaves of 
greens boiled whole in broth. 

Blae, adj. bluish ; livid ; lead-coloured ; dis- 
appointed ; blank as with disappointment ; 
bleak, cold. — v. to numb. 

Blae, v. to bleat as a Iamb ; to cry as a 
child. — re. a loud bleat. 

Blae, re. a. hard blue clay ; in pi. laminae of 
this clay. Cf. Blaze. 

Blae, n. va.pl. the rough parts of wood left in 
consequence of boring or sawing. 

Blaeberry, re. the bilberry. 

Blae-bows, re. the flower of the flax. 

Blaenummery, re. nonsense, vain imagina- 
tions. Cf. Bleflummery. 

Blaelike, adj. livid, pale. 

Blaeness, re. lividness. 

Blaese, re. the bilberry. 

Blaewort, re. the blue corn-flower; the round- 
leaved bell-flower. 

Blaff, re. a blow. — v. to 'bang.' 

Blaffart, re. a blow. 

Blaffen, re. loose flakes or laminse of a stone. 

Blaflum, re. nonsense, idle talk, a hoax ; a 
pompous, empty-headed person. — v. to coax, 
cajole, deceive, play upon. 

Blaick, re. a scoundrel. Cf. Black. 

Blaick, Blaik, v. to puzzle, mystify, baffle. — 
re. a puzzle. Cf. Bleck. 

Blaidry, re. nonsense, foolish talk, 'blethers'; 
phlegm coughed up ; empty parade ; un- 
merited applause. 

Blaids, re. a disease attended with pustular 
eruptions. 

Blain, re. a fault ; a blemish ; a scar ; dis- 
coloration of skin after a sore. Cf. Blane. 

Blain, «. a bare place in a field where grain 
has not sprung; a blank, a. vacancy. — v. 
used of a field : to be covered with blank 
spaces ; of grain : to have no kernel. 

Blainag, «. a small pustule, a pimple. 

Blainch, v. to cleanse. 

Blaink, re. a 'blink,' a passing gleam. Cf. 
Blink. 



Blains, re. empty grain. 

Blair, v. to dry by exposure to drought. — re. 

that part of flax which is used in manu- 
facture, after being steeped and laid out 

to dry. 
Blair, v. to make a noise ; to cry aloud ; to 

bleat as a sheep. — n. a loud sound, a. cry ; 

the bleat of a sheep. Cf. Blare. 
Blair, v. to blear. Cf. Blear. 
Blairin, re. the ground on which flax is dried, 

or where peats are spread to dry. 
Blais'd, ///. adj. soured ; used of milk : 

spoiled. Cf. Bleeze, Biased. 
Blaise, re. the particles of wood scooped out 

by a wimble in boring. Cf. Blae. 
Blaister, v. to blow with violence. 
Blait, adj. naked, bare. 
Blait, adj. shy, sheepish ; modest, retiring ; 

stupid, easily imposed on ; dull, not brisk ; 

backward in growth. Cf. Blate. 
Blaith, adj. blithe, glad. 
Blaitie-bum, re. a lazy fellow, a simpleton, 

a sheepish fellow. 
Blaitly, adv. bashfully. 
Blait-mouit, adj. bashful, sheepish ; shy in 

speaking. 
Blaize, re. a blow. 
Blakwak, re. the bittern. 
Blamefull, adj. blameworthy. 
Blan, v. pret. ceased, caused to cease. Cf. 

Blin. 
Blanch, re. a flash or sudden blaze. 
Blanded-bear, re. barley and common bear 

sown together. Cf. Blendit-bear. 
Blander, v. to scatter sparingly ; to sow 

thinly ; to babble, spread a report or 

calumny ; to exaggerate or misstate. 
Bland-hoe, re. the rabbit-fish. Cf. Blind-hoe. 
Blandish, re. the grain left uncut by careless 

reapers in the furrows during a ' kemp,' or 

struggle to be first done. 
Blandish, re. flattery. 
Blandrin, re. a scanty diffusion, a withholding 

of sufficient seed. 
Blane, re. the mark left by a wound. Cf. 

Blain. 
Blanket, re. a form of the game ' hie-spy.' 
Blanket-bay, re. bed. 
Blanket-heezie, re. one who tosses another in 

a blanket. Cf. Heezy. 
Blardit, ppl. adj. short - winded ; broken- 
winded. 
Blare, v. to bleat ; to cry out. — re. the bleat 

of a sheep or goat ; a cry ; noisy scolding. 
Blart, v. to fall flat in the mud. — re. the sound 

of such a fall. 
Biased, ppl. adj. used of milk : turned sour. 

Cf. Bleezed. 
Blash, re. a splash or dash of liquid, mud, &c. ; 

a heavy shower of rain ; too much water 



Blashy 



36 



for the purpose of diluting ; a deluge. — v. to 
drench, soak, deluge ; to splash liquid or 
mud about, by spilling it or treading in it ; 
to rain heavily and noisily ; to drink to 
excess. 

Blashy, adj. rainy, wet, gusty ; weak, watery. 

Blaanit, adj. ? hairless. 

Blast, n. a whiff of the pipe ; a sudden illness ; 
a. chill ; a stroke ; a brag, boast. — v. to 
pant ; to smoke tobacco ; to play the bag- 
pipe ; to brag ; to use big words or strong 
language ; to have a stroke of paralysis. 

Blaster, n. a boaster ; one who exaggerates ; 
one who blasts stones. 

Blastie, n. a shrivelled, dwarfish person ; an 
ill-tempered or unmanageable child ; a term 
of contempt. 

Blastie, adj. gusty, blustering ; puffing, pant- 
ing. 

Blasting, n. the 'cow-quake,' or inflated 
stomach of cows ; the cold easterly wind 
that causes the disease. 

Blatant, ppl. adj. bellowing like a calf. 

Blate, adj. shy ; sheepish ; bashful ; timid ; 
simple ; dull, unpromising ; of crops : 
backward. 

Blately, adj. used of rain : soft, gentle. — adv. 
bashfully. 

Blateness, n. shyness. 

Blather, «. a bladder ; the bladder. — v. to 
talk nonsense. Cf. Blether. 

Blatherskite, n. a babbler ; a foolish talker ; 
nonsense. 

Blatherumskite, «. a ' blatherskite. ' 

Blathrie, adj. nonsensical, foolish. 

Blatter, v. to rattle ; to make a rattling sound ; 
to beat on with force and noise like hail ; 
to dash noisily ; to make a disturbance ; to 
talk loudly and noisily. — n. a rattling sound ; 
a hailstorm ; a noisy dash or blast ; loud, 
forcible, noisy talk. 

Blatter, v. of breath or life : to flutter, flicker. 

Blaud, v. to slap ; to blow in gusts ; to injure. 
Cf. Blad. 

Blaud, n. a large piece or fragment ; a large 
leaf of cabbage or ' kail ' ; a portfolio. Cf. 
Blad. 

Blaudie, adj. full of large, broad leaves. Cf. 
Bladie. 

Blaugh, adj. bluish or sickly in colour, ' blae.' 

Blaver, n. the harebell ; the corn bluebottle. 
Cf. Blawort. 

Blaw, n. a blow, a stroke. 

Blaw, v. to blow ; to breathe ; to publish ; to 
brag ; to exaggerate from ostentation ; to 
whisper in the ear, flatter, coax, wheedle ; 
to puff-up; to 'huff in the game of 
draughts ; to scold ; to pull at a drinking- 
vessel ; to smoke a pipe ; to play the bag- 
pipe, &c. — n. a blast, gust ; the direction of 



Blebber 

the wind ; a tune on any wind-instrument ; 

a boast ; a lie from ostentation ; a smoke ; 

a whiff of a pipe ; a pull at a drinking- 

vessel, a jorum of liquor. 
Blaw, n. a blossom, a bloom. — v. to blossom, 

to flower. 
Blawart, ». the harebell ; the corn bluebottle. 

Cf. Blawort. 
Blawerts, n. a blacksmith's bellows. 
Blawnum, n. a pompous, empty person ; a 

flattering delusion ; a gewgaw ; a mere 

deception. Cf. Blaflum. 
Blaw-i'-my-lug, a. phr. flattery ; a flatterer. 
Blawing-girss, n. the blue mountain-grass. 
Blawn-cod, n. a split cod, half-dried. 
Blawn-drink, n. the remainder of drink in a 

glass of which one or more have partaken, 

and which has frequently been breathed on. 
Blawort, Blawirt, n. the harebell ; the corn 

bluebottle. 
Blaw-out, n. a good meal ; a drinking-bout ; 

a great display or feast. 
Blawp, v. to belch, heave up water. — n. 

watery matter gathered under the skin. 
Blawstick, n. a tube used as a bellows. 
Blawthir, n. wet weather. 
Blawthirie, adj. very wet. 
Blay, n. in//, the rough parts of wood left in 

consequence of boring or sawing. Cf. Blae. 
Blaze, v. to vilify, calumniate ; to spread 

reports ; to bluster ; to brag. Cf. Bleeze. 
Blaze, n. alum ore ; a substance lying above 

coal. Cf. Blae. 
Blaze, n. the torch used in salmon-spearing ; 

a sudden blast of dry wind. Cf. Bleeze. 
Blazed, ///. adj. in a state in which liquor 

begins to tell. Cf. Bleezed. 
Blazing-fou', adj. uproariously drunk. 
Blaznicks, n. large and showy ornaments. 
Bleach, v. to strike ; to fall flat. — n. a blow ; 

a fall. — adv. violently ; with a heavy blow. 
Bleacher, n. a severe blow. 
Bleaching, n. a beating ; a beating about. 
Bleak-bleak, n. the cry of the hare. 
Blear, n. anything dimming the sight ; in //. 

tears or their traces. — v. to dim the vision ; 

to deceive by flattery. 
Bleared, ///. adj. of milk, &c. : thin and 

bluish in colour ; skimmed. 
Blearie, adj. dim of sight ; watery-eyed. 
Bleart, ///. adj. 'blearie.' 
Bleat, adj. shy, timid. Cf. Blate. 
Bleater, n. the cocksnipe. Cf. Blitter. 
Bleatly, adv. timidly. 
Bleb, n. a bubble ; a small blister or pustule ; 

a drop; m pi. a children's skin eruption. — 

v. to spot ; to slobber ; to sip ; to tipple. 

Cf. Blab. 
Blebber, //. a tippler. — v, to drink hard and 

often. Cf. Blabber. 



Blebbit 



37 



Blicham 



Blebbit, ppl. adj. blurred ; besmeared. 

Bleck, re. a challenge to a feat ; a baffle at any 
feat ; a nonplus in an argument or examina- 
tion ; as a school term, thus : ' if A be 
below B in the class, and during B's absence 
gets farther up in the class than B, B is said 
to have a ' ' bleck " upon A, and takes place 
of him when he gets next to him.' — v. to 
baffle ; to surpass ; to nonplus or overcome 
in an argument ; to puzzle. 

Bleck, adj. black. — re. blacking; smut. — v. to 
blacken ; to apply blacking ; to defame. 
Cf. Black. 

Bledd, re. a blade ; a leaf. Cf. Blade. 

Bledder, re. a bladder. 

Bledder, v. to talk idly or foolishly. Cf. 
Blether. 

Bleddoch, n. buttermilk. 

Blee, re. complexion. 

Bleech, v. to strike ; to fall flat. — n. a blow ; 
a fall. Cf. Bleach. 

Bleech, v. to blanch ; to bleach. 

Bleed, re. blood. — v. to shed blood ; used of 
corn : to yield well when threshed. 

Bleeder, re. corn yielding well when threshed. 

Bleed-raing, v. to become bloodshot. 

Bleedy, adj. bloody. 

Bleem, re. the potato-plant ; its stalk. 

Bleer, v. to blear ; to make the eyes water ; 
to bedim the eyes with rheum or tears. — re. 
what dims the sight ; a trace of weeping. 
Cf. Blear. 

Bleerit, ppl. adj. dim-sighted. 

Bleery, adj. dim-sighted ; watery-eyed. 

Bleery, adj. used of liquor : weak, thin. — re. 
thin, poor gruel, soup, &c. ; boiled oat- 
meal and buttermilk, with the addition of a 
piece of butter. 

Bleet, v. to bellow. 

Bleetly, adv. modestly. Cf. Blately. 

Bleevit, re. a blow. 

Bleeze, re. the rough parts of wood left after 
boring or sawing. Cf. Blae, Blaise. 

Bleeze, re. a smart blow with the fist. 

Bleeze, v. to turn slightly sour. 

Bleeze, Bleese, v. to blaze ; to flare up ; to 
get angry ; to spread news or scandal ; to 
defame ; to boast ; to bluster. — re. a rage, 
passion ; a rapid growth ; a fire of furze, 
straw, &c. ; a sudden blast of dry wind. 

Bleezed, ppl. adj. fuddled ; at the state of 
intoxication when the face reddens or is 
flushed ; ruffled ; fretted. 

Bleeze-money, re. a gratuity formerly given by 
scholars to their master at Candlemas, when 
the one who gave most was proclaimed 
King or Queen, and had to entertain the 
whole school. 

Bleezie, re. a small blaze. 

Bleffart, re. a squall, storm, hurricane ; a I 



sudden and violent snowstorm ; the blow 
of a calamity ; a stroke. — v. to bluster, as 
the wind. 

Bleflum, re. a sham, an illusion, what has no 
reality in it. Cf. Blaflum. 

Bleflummery, re. vain imaginations. 

Bleib, re. a pustule, blister ; in pi. a pustular 
eruption in children. Cf. Bleb. 

Bleid, re. blood. 

Bleir, v. to asperse, calumniate. 

Bleirie, re. a lie, a fabrication. 

Bleirie, re. oatmeal and buttermilk boiled 
thicker than gruel, and enriched with butter; 
water -gruel. — adj. of liquor: thin, weak. 
Cf. Bleery. 

Bleis, re. the river - fish bleak, Lmciscus 
albumus. 

Bleize, v. to blaze. Cf. Bleeze. 

Blellum, re. an idle, talking fellow. 

Blenched, ppl. adj. used of milk : a little sour. 

\ Blench-lippit, ppl. adj. having a white mouth. 

Blendit-bear, re. bear or big mixed with barley. 

Blenk, v. to shine; to glimmer; to wink. — 
re. a glance. Cf. Blink. 

IBlenshaw, re. a drink composed of meal, 
milk, water, &c. 

Blent, v. used of the sun : to shine after the 
sky has been overcast ; of fire : to flash. 

Blenter, re. a boisterous, intermittent wind ; 
a gust ; a flat stroke, a strong, sharp blow. 
— v. to rush, make haste ; to strike with a 
strong, sharp blow. Cf. Blinter. 

Blentering, ///. adj. near-sighted ; blunder- 
ing. Cf. Blintering. 

Blephum, re. a sham. Cf. Blaflum. 

Blet, n. a large fragment. Cf. Blad. 

Blether, v. to speak indistinctly ; to stammer ; 
to talk nonsense ; to prattle, chatter. — re. 
nonsense, foolish talk ; a 'wind-bag.' 

Blether, re. a bladder. . 

Bletheration, re. foolish talk. 

Bletherbag, re. a fluent, foolish talker. 

Bletherer, re. a foolish talker. 

Blether-headed, adj. foolish ; noisy. 

Bletherie, re. foolishness ; deception; 'blethers.' 

Bletherin, re. loud, foolish talking ; stammer- 
ing. 

Blett, v. pret. bleated. 

Bleuchan, re. a small salt-water fish of some 
kind. Cf. Bluchan. 

Blevit, re. a blow. Cf. Bleevit. 

Blewder, re. a hurricane. Cf. Blouter. 

Blewdery, adj. tempestuous. 

Blib, re. used of tea, &c. : a weak, watery portion. 

Blibbans, n. strips of soft, slimy matter, sea- 
weed on rocks at ebb-tide ; large shreds of 
greens or cabbage put into broth. 

Blibe, re. a stroke ; the mark of a blow. 

Blicham, «. a contemptuous designation of a 
person. 



Blichan 



3° 



Blithesome 



Blichan, Blichen, n. a small person ; a lean, 
worn-out animal ; a lively, showy youth ; a 
harum-scarum fellow ; a worthless person ; 
a term of contempt. 

Blicher, «. a spare portion. 

Blicht, v. to blight.— n. a blight. 

Blichtnin', ppl. adj. blighting. 

Blide, adj. blithe, glad. 

Bliers, «. the eyelashes. 

Bliffart, Bliffert, ». a squall, a gust ; a short 
and sudden fall of snow ; a stroke, a buffet. 
— v. to bluster, as the wind. Cf. Bleffart. 

Blighan, k. a small person ; a term of, con- 
tempt. Cf. Blichan. 

Blighten, w. to blight Cf. Blichtnin'. 

Blin, Blind, v. to cease, desist ; to stop, 
cause to stop. — n. delay, hindrance ; deceit. 

Blin', o^'. blind. — v. to blind ; to close the 
eyes in sleep. — «. a little sleep. 

Blind-barnie, «. blindman's buff. 

Blind-bell, n. a game in which all the players 
were blindfolded except one who bore a 
bell, which he rang while endeavouring to i Blint, 
escape being caught by the others. 

Blind-bitch, n. a bag formerly used by millers. 
Cf. Black-bitch. 

Blind-brose, n. ' brose * without butter. 

Blind-champ, n. a cruel pastime of boys, who, 
when blindfolded, turn round and try to 
crush eggs from a harried bird's-nest laid \ 
on the ground. 

Blind coal, ». a kind of coal that gives no 
flame. 

Blind dorbie, n. the purple sandpiper. 

Blind-, Blin'-drift, ». heavily driving snow ; 
a blinding, drifting snow. 

Blind-, Blin'-drnnk, adj. unable to see properly 
from drink. 

Blind-lair, adj. ? like an albino. 

Blind-fish, n. the lesser spotted dogfish. 

Blind-, Blin'-fou, adj. unable to see pro:*rly 
from drink. 

Blind Harry, n. blindman's buff. 

Blind-hoe, n. the rabbit-fish. 

Blindlins, adv. blindly, blindfolded. 

Blind lump, n. a boil that does not come to 
a head. 

Blindman's-ball, -bellows, -e'en, n. the com- 
mon puff-ball or devil's snuff-box. 

Blind-palmie, -pawmie, n. blindman's buff. 

Blinds, n. the pogge or miller's thumb. 

Blind-staff, -stam, n. the boys' game of blind- 
champ.' 

Blindstam, n. a method of sewing a patch on 
a boot-upper ; used figuratively for blind, 
captious, or arbitrary criticism. 

Blind-tam, n. a bundle of rags made up as a 
child, carried by beggars. 

Blind-window, n. an imitation window in a 
wall. 



Blink, n. a gleam, a ray ; the least glimmer ; 
a glance, a glimpse, a wink ; a moment ; 
sunshine between two showers ; a jilting, 
' the slip.' 

Blink, v. to shine, gleam ; to twinkle, glim- 
mer, flicker ; to take a hasty glance ; to 
wink, cause to wink ; to look with pleasure 
or fondness ; to ignore, evade ; to jilt, 
deceive; to bewitch, 'overlook,' exercise 
an evil influence ; to turn anything sour ; 
to spoiL 

Blinker, n. a smart, attractive girl ; used also 
contemptuously; a star; a poser, 'settler'; 
the eye ; a blear-eyed person ; a person 
blind of one eye; a near-sighted person; 
in//, eyelids. 

Blinkit, ppl. adj. bewitched; soured, spoiled; 
half-drunk. 

Blinkit milk, n. sour milk. 

B linling , adv. blindly. (J. Blindlins. 

Blinner, v. to move the eyelids like one with 
weak sight. 

to shed a feeble or glimmering light. 

Blinter, v. to shine with a feeble, unsteady 
light; to flicker; to 'blink'; to look at 
with weak eyes ; to see obscurely.— «. a 
feeble light ; a person with weak eyes. 

Blinter, v. to rush, hasten ; to strike a sharp, 
stout blow. — «. a gust of wind ; a strong, 
sharp blow. 

Blinteran, n. a beating. 

Blinteran, n. the act of looking with the eye- 
lids nearly closed. 

Blinterer, n. a person with weak eyes. 

Blinterin', ppl. adj. having weak eyes ; near- 
sighted ; blundering. 

Blipe, n. a stroke, a blow. 
: Blipe, n. a shred of skin when it peek off. 
t Blirt, v. to bunt into tears, to weep ; to rain 
or snow. — ». a burst of weeping ; a storm 
of wind and rain ; a cold drift of snow. — adj. 
bleared ; pale with fear ; on the verge of 
tears. 

Blirted, ppl. adj. tear-stained ; swollen with 
weeping. 

Blirtie, adj. of weather : changeable, squally; 
cheerless. 

Blirty-eild, n. extreme old age, in which tears 
trickle as if one were weeping. 

Bliry, n. the exterior of a mare's uterus. 

Blissing, n. increase of property. 

Blithe, adj. cheerful, merry, glad. — ado. 
cheerfully, merrily. 

Blithely, adv. cheerfully ; gladly. 

Blithemeat, n. fat A, bread and cheese, par- 
taken of by visitors at the birth of a child. 

Blithen, v. to gladden. 

Blithenesa, n. gladness, gaiety/cheerfulness. 

Blithesome, adj. merry, cheerful, happy, 
jolly. 



Blitter 



39 



Blitter, re. the snipe. Cf. Bleater. 
Blitter-blatter, u. a rattling, irregular noise. 
Blizzen, c. to parch, dry-up and wither. 
Blob, re. a bubble ; a blister ; a drop or splash 

of liquid ; a small patch of colour ; a blur ; 

the honey-bag of a bee ; a large gooseberry. 

— v. to gather in drops ; to weep ; to bubble ; 

to blister ; to rob a bee of its honey-bag ; 

to plunder ; to blot ; to blur. Cf. Blab. 
Blobby, adj. containing or causing bubbles ; 

very rainy. 
Blocher, v. to make a rough noise in coughing 

from phlegm. 
Block, v. to bargain ; to exchange ; to plan, 

to devise. — «. a scheme ; a bargain ; an 

exchange ; an agreement ; a honorarium. 
Blockan, re. the young coal-fish. 
Block, hammer, and nails, n. phr. a boys' 

rough game of ' bumping.' 
Blockie, re. a small cod. 
Blockin'-ale, re. drink taken at the conclusion 

of a bargain. 
Bloichum, n. a person troubled by a cough. 
Bloik, re. mischief. 
Bloisent, ppl. adj. bloated ; used of the face : 

red, swollen, whether by weather or in- 
temperance. 
Bloit, n. diarrhcea. 

Blood, v. to bleed ; to let blood. — n. blood- 
shed ; effusion of blood. Cf. Bleed. 
Blood-friend, re. a blood-relation. 
Blood-grass, re. a disease of cattle, bloody 

urine. 
Blood-run, adj. bloodshot. Cf. Bleed-raing. 
Blood-tongue, re. the goose-grass. 
Blood-wit, -wyte, re. a fine formerly paid for 

the violent effusion of blood. 
Bloody-bells, -fingers, re. the foxglove. 
Bloody-j audie, n. a ' bloody-pudding. ' 
Bloody-pudding, re. a ' black-pudding ' of 

blood, suet, onions, and pepper in part of 

a sheep or ox gut. 
Bloody-scones, re. scones made with the blood 

which formerly was drawn from farm cattle. 
Bloom, re. the efflorescent crystallisation on the 

outside of thoroughly dried fishes. 
Bloomer, «. a schoolgirl's head - dress or 

bonnet. 
Bloom-fell, «. yellow clover, the bird's trefoil. 

Cf. Fell-bloom. 
Blort, v. used of a horse : to snort. 
Bloss, re. a term of endearment applied to a 

buxom young woman. 
Blost, v. to blow up ; to pant ; to boast. — 

re. an explosion ; a whiff of a pipe ; a brag, 

a boast. 
Blot, v. to nonplus, to puzzle. 
Blots, n. water for washing clothes ; soapsuds, 

dirty water. 
Blot-sheet, «. blotting-paper. 



Blue-bell 

Blotty 0, re. a schoolboy's slate-game. 

Bloust, re. a brag, a boasting narration ; an 
ostentatious person. — v. to brag, boast; to 
bluster. Cf. Blost. 

Blout, n. the bursting of a storm ; a sudden 
fall of rain, snow, or hail, with wind ; a 
sudden and noisy eruption of liquid matter ; 
foul water thrown from washing-tubs. — v. 
used of liquids : to belch or rush out with 
force. 

Blouter, re. a blast of wind. Cf. Blewder. 

Bloutering, ppl. boasting, bragging. 

Blow, v. to divulge ; to rate ; to boast. — re. 
one's fling. Cf. Blaw. 

Blower, re. a boaster, exaggerator. 

Blowing, re. flattery ; boasting. 

Blown, ppl. adj. used of fish : dried by wind 
without salt. 

Blown-cod, n. a split cod half-dried. 

Blown-fish, /;. fish wind-dried without salt. 

Blown-skate, re. skate dried without salt by 
pressure and exposure to the wind. 

Blow-out, re. a great display ; a festive oc- 
casion ; a drinking-bout. 

Blowt, v. to belch forth. — n. in phr. ' windy 
blowts,' flatus. Cf. Blout. 

Blowthir, z>. used of a large body : to plunge 
with great force ; to blunder. — re. the plunge 
of a heavy body ; a blow ; a big, stupid 
person ; a sudden gust of wind ; exposure to 
a storm. 

Blowthirin, re. the act of plunging.—///, adj. 
blundering, stupid ; gusty, stormy. 

Blow-up, v. to mislead, delude ; used of a cow : 
to swell with flatus. 

Blowy, adj. gusty, blustering, windy. 

Blub, v. to cry, weep. Cf. Blob. 

Blubbert, Blubbit, ppl. adj. tear-stained, dis- 
figured by weeping. 

Bluchan, re. some kind of small salt-water fish. 

Bluchtan, Bluchton, re. a piece of the hollow 
stem of the mugwort, used as a pop-gun. 

Bludder, v. to make a noise in the mouth 
or throat in swallowing any liquid. 

Bludder, v. to blot or disfigure any writing ; 
to disfigure the face in anyway ; to besmear 
with blood, mud, tears ; to disfigure in a 
moral sense ; to exhibit in an unfair point 
of view. — re. mud ; any dirty or disgusting 
liquid or semi-liquid substance ; wet weather ; 
a spell of foul weather. 

Blude, n. blood. Cf. Bleed, Blood. 

Bludker cake, re. a cake mixed with hog's 
blood, eaten on Easter Sunday, called also 
a redemption or ransom cake. 

Blue, re. whisky. 

Blue, adj. used of the weather : chill, frosty. — 
adv. used as an intensive. 

Blue-bannet, re. the blue titmouse. 

Blue-bell, re. the harebell. 



Blue blanket 



40 



Blutter 



Blue blanket, «. the banner of the Edinburgh 
craftsmen. 

Blue-blaver, n. the bell-flower or wild blue 
campanula. 

Blue-bonnet, n. the devil's bit, the flower of 
Scabiosa succisa ; the mountain centaury. 

Blue-bonnet, n. a man's blue cap ; a Scots- 
man. 

Blue bore, n. a rift or opening in the clouds. 

Blue-cap, n. the blue titmouse. 

Blue-day, ». a day which is bleak and frosty ; 
a day of uproar or disturbance. 

Blue-fly, n. a bluebottle ; a flesh-fly. 

Blue-gled, n. the hen-harrier. 

Blue-gown, n. a king's pensioner, who wore a 
blue gown with a badge on it, and was 
licensed to beg. 

Blue-grass, n. the name given to various 
sedges, especially the carnation grass. 

Blue-hap, n. the blue titmouse. 

Blue-hawk, n. the sparrow-hawk ; the hen- 
harrier. 

Blue-jay, n. the jay. 

Blue-kite, n. the hen-harrier. 

Blue-lit, n. blue dye. 

Blue-maa, n. the common gull. 

Blue-merlin, n. the sparrow-hawk. 

Blue mogganer, n. a jocular designation of a 
native of Peterhead, from the wearing of 
coarse blue stockings over boots. 

Blue-mooled, adj. used of cheese: blue-mouldy. 

Blue nappy, n. whisky. 

Blue ox-eye, n. the blue titmouse. 

Blues, n. delirium tremens, 'blue devils.' 

Blue seggin, n. the blue flower-de-luce ; the 
stinking iris. 

Blue sickness, n. a kind of rot in sheep. 

Blue sleeves, n. the hen-harrier. 

Blue spald, n. a disease of cattle. Cf. Black - 
spaul. 

Blue sparrow, n. the hedge-sparrow. 

Bluester, n. a blusterer ; one who uses bully- 
ing speech. 

Bluestone, n. sulphate of copper. 

Blue thread, a. whisky. 

Blue torn, n. the hedge-sparrow. 

Blue yaup, n. the fieldfare. 

Bluff, n. a credulous person ; a trick, cheat. 

Bluffert, v. to bluster, as the wind.— n. the 
blast sustained in meeting a rough wind or 
squall ; a blow, a buffet. Cf. Bleffart. 

Bluffet, k. a blow, a buffet. 

Bluffle-headed, adj. having a large head ; 
stupid -looking. 

Bluid, n. blood.— v. to bleed. Cf. Bleed, 
Blood. 

Bluid-run, adj. bloodshot. 

Bluid-wyte, n. a fine paid for effusion of blood. 

Bluidy, adj. bloody. 

Bluidy -fingers, n. the foxglove. 



Bluist, v. to boast. Cf. Bloust. 

Bluiter, 11. a coarse, clumsy, inconsiderate, 
blundering fellow ; a rumbling noise. — v. to 
blurt ; to make a rumbling noise ; to obli- 
terate ; to work clumsily ; to spoil work in 
the doing of it ; to overdilute with water ; 
to splutter. 

Bluiter, n. mud ; any dirty stuff. — v. to be- 
smear with mud, &c. Cf. Bludder. 

Bluiter, v. to talk foolishly. — n. a great talker. 
Cf. Blether. 

Bluiterin, ppl. adj. clumsy. 

Blume, v. to blossom. 

Blumf, n. a dull, stupid fellow. 

Blunk, n. coarse cotton or linen for printing. 

Blunk, n. a small block of wood or stone ; a 
dull, lifeless person. 

Blunk, v. to bungle ; to spoil a thing ; to mis- 
manage ; to injure mischievously. 

Blunkart, 11. a small block of wood or stone ; 
a thickset person ; a stupid person. 

Blunker, n. one who prints cloth. 

Blunker, n. a bungler. 

Blunkit, ppl. adj. pale. 

Blunner, v. to blunder. Cf. Blunther. 

Blunnerboar, n. a blundering fool. 

Blunt, n. a stupid fellow. 

Blunther, v. to blunder ; to move clumsily 
and noisily ; to stumble ; to make a noise. 
— n. a loud noise, as of stumbling. 

Bluntie, «. a stupid fellow ; a sniveller. 

Blunyierd, n. an old gun ; any old rusty 
weapon. 

Blup, n. a misfortune or mistake owing to 
want of foresight ; one who makes an awk- 
ward appearance. 

Blupt, ppl. adj. suffering misfortune from 
want of foresight. 

Blush, v. to chafe the skin so as to cause a 
tumour or blister, to blister. — n. a blister; 
a boil. 

Blushin, Blushion, Blushon, n. a blister or 
boil on hands or feet ; a pustule full of 
matter. 

Bluster, v. to disfigure in writing. 

Blusterous, adj. used of the weather : boister- 
ous, blustering. 

Blute, n. a bad or foolish action. 

Blute, «. a sudden burst of sound. 

Bluther, v. to blot ; to disfigure ; to soil. 
Cf. Bludder. 

Bluther, v. to make a noise in swallowing ; to 
make an inarticulate sound ; to raise wind- 
bells in water. Cf. Bludder. 

Bluthrie, adj. wet, stormy. 

Bluthrie, n. phlegm ; frothy, incoherent, flatu- 
lent discourse. 

Bluthrie, n. thin porridge ; water-gruel. 

Blutter, v. to make a noise in swallowing. 
Cf. Bludder. 



Blutter 

Blutter, n, a dirty, clumsy, slovenly person. 

Cf. Bluiter. 
Blutter, v. to talk foolishly. Cf. Bluiter. 
Blutter, n. a term of reproach ; one who has 

not the power of retention. 
Blyave, Blyaave, v. to blow, pant ; to fire a 

gun ; to boast. Cf. Blaw. 
Blybe, v. to drink much and often. — n. a 

large quantity of liquor ; a drunkard. Cf. 

Bleb. 
Blybe, n. a stroke, a blow. Cf. Blibe. 
Blyber, v. to drink hard. Cf. Blebber. 
Blyberin, n. hard drinking. 
Blybin, n. the act of drinking spirits. 
Blype, n. a stroke, a blow. Cf. Blipe. 
Blype, n. a shred of skin when it peels off; a 

lump. Cf. Blipe. 
Blyte, n. a flying shower. 
Blyter, v. to besmear. Cf. Bluiter. 
Blythe, adj. glad ; merry. Cf. Blithe. 
Bo, n. a louse. 
Bo, n. a submerged rock. 
Bo, n. a hobgoblin. 

Bo, int. an excl. meant to frighten or sur- 
prise. 
Bo, v. to talk noisily ; used of cattle : to low. 

Cf. Boo. 
Boag, v. used of a shoemaker : to go out to 

work in the house of his customers. 
Boak, v. to retch ; to vomit. Cf. Boke. 
Boakie, n. a hobgoblin ; a scarecrow ; an 

oddly-dressed person ; dried nasal mucus. 
Boal, n. a small square aperture in a wall for 

light or air ; a similar recess in a wall for 

holding small articles ; a small doorless 

cupboard. Cf. Bole. 
Board, n. a table ; a tailor's table ; a parochial 

board ; parish relief. 
Board, v. to become intimate with. 
Board-cloth, «. a tablecloth. 
Board-end, n. the table-end. 
Board-bead, n. the head of the table. 
Board-trees, n. the plank on which a corpse 

is stretched. 
Board-wages, n. the money paid by a person 

for his board. 
Boar's-ears, n. the auricula. 
Boas, adj. hollow. Cf. Boss. 
Boast, v. to threaten. — n. a threat, a scolding. 
Boat, v. to take boat ; to carry in a boat. — 
n. a barrel or tub to hold meal or meat ; 
-- pickling-tub ; a small vessel for serving 
melted butter ; a wooden skimming-dish. 
Boatie, n. a yawl, small boat ; a ferryman. 
Boat's-draw, n. the furrow made by a boat's 

keel when launched or drawn ashore. 
Boat-stick, n. the pole of a boat ; the mast of 

a small sailing-boat. 
Boatswain, n. a sailor's name for the skua 
and other birds with pointed tails. 



4i Bodden 

Bob, Bobb, n. a bunch ; a nosegay ; a tuft of 
grass growing above the rest ; a tassel ; a 
knot of ribbons ; an ornamental knob. — v. 
to grow luxuriantly in patches. Cf. Bab. 

Bob, n. a gust, blast. Cf. Bub. 

Bob, n. a slight blow, slap ; a mark, butt ; a 
taunt, gibe ; a scolding ; a curtain-lecture. 

Bob, v. to move up and down quickly; to 
dance ; to curtsy, bow low.— n. a dance ; 
a curtsy, obeisance, nod. Cf. Bab. 

Bob, n. the best-dressed or best-looking lad 
or lass in a company. Cf. Bab. 

Bob, n. a fishing-float. 

Bobantilter, n. any dangling piece of dress ; 
a pendant ; an icicle. 

Bobber, n. the hook used in fly-fishing as 
distinguished from the 'trailer,' a fishing- 
float ; a poacher who catches salmon with 
the illegal bob-net. 

Bobbin, n. a weaver's quill. 

Bobbin, n. the seed-pod of birch. 

Bobbinjohn, n. a tin cylinder perforated at 
one end, for sowing by hand turnip-seed 
where it has failed in the drills. 

Bobbinqua, n. a quaking bog. Cf. Babbanqua. 

Bobbins, n. the wild arum ; the water-lily, 
Nymphcea alba ; the bunch of edible liga- 
ments attached to the stalk of the badder- 
locks seaweed. 

Bobbin-wheel, n. a. wheel used in filling 
' bobbins ' ; the wheel of time with its re- 
volutions and changes. 

Bobbit, ppl. adj. ornamented with tassels ; un- 
even of surface. 

Bobble, n. a slovenly fellow. 

Bobby, n. a grandfather ; a policeman. 

Bobby, 11. the robin ; the devil. Cf. Auld. 

Bob-net, n. an illegal fixed fishing-net. Cf. 
Bawb-net. 

Bob-robin, n. the robin. 

Boch, /;. a child's plaything ; an untidy or 
disagreeable woman. 

Bochars and stars, n. the prickly-headed 
carex. 

Bocht, v. pret. and ppl. bought. 

Bock, v. to retch ; to vomit. Cf. Boke. 

Bockie, «. a bugbear. 

Bo-cow, n. a scarecrow ; a bugbear. Cf. 
Boakie. 

Bod, n. a dwarf; a person of small size, a 
' creature,' n ' body.' 

Bod, n. a personal invitation ; a price bidden 
or asked. Cf. Bode. 

Bod, n. in phr. 'new bod, new shod,' afresh, 
with renewed effort. 

Bodach, n. an old man ; a spectre, hobgoblin ; 
a diminutive person, a ' body ' ; a name of 
the devil. 

Bodach, n. the small-ringed seal. 

Bodden, ppl. adj. forced on one. Cf. Bode. 



Boddle 



42 



Boddle, n. a copper coin, value one-sixth of 
an English penny, or of two pennies Scots ; 
anything of trifling value. 

Boddle-pieces, n. small coins. 

Boddle-, Bodle-pin, n. a large pin for fastening 
clothes together. 

Boddom, n. bottom ; the seat of the human 
body, buttocks ; the sole of a shoe. Cf. 
Bottom. 

Boddom-lyer, n. a large trout that keeps to 
the bottom of a pool. 

Boddom-Toom, n. a sitting for one person in 
a church pew. 

Boddum, n. a tub. Cf. Bodom. 

Bode, n. a portent. — v. to foretell, portend; to 
expect, look for ; to desire ; to betoken, 
signify. 

Bode, n. a bid, a price asked or offered at a 
sale ; an invitation. — v. to bid at a sale ; to 
offer a price ; to offer with insistence ; to 
promise, proffer. 

Bodeable, adj. marketable. 

Boden, Bodden, adj. arrayed, prepared, fur- 
nished with. 

Bodeword, n. a portent, an ominous prediction 
regarding a person or family. 

Bodgel, n. a little man. 

Bodie, Boddie, n. a person. Cf. Body. 

Bodily, adv. entirely, completely. 

Bodin, adj. prepared, equipped. Cf. Boden. 

Boding, ppl. adj. desiring ; striving. 

Bodle, n. a small copper coin. Cf. Boddle. 

Bodom, n. a tub ; a barrel ; a ship. 

Bodsie, n. a nickname given to a short, thick- 
set person. Cf. Bod. 

Bodword, n. a. 'bodeword.' 

Body, n. a person, any one ; an inferior ; a 
puny person ; a term of contempt. 

Body-claes, n. wearing apparel. 

Body-like, adv. with the whole bodily faculties 
complete. 

Bofft, ppl. adj. of standing grain : suffering 
from ravages of birds and from a long and 
wet harvest. 

Bog, v. to stick in the mire or bog ; to confuse, 
befog, ' dumfounder ' ; to entangle one's self 
inextricably in an argument or dispute. 

Bog, n. a bug. 

Bog, v. to go out working at so much a day. 
Cf. Boag. 

Bogan, n. a boil. Cf. Boggan, Bolgan. 

Bog-bean, n. the common trefoil. Cf. Buck- 
bean. 

Bog-blitter, -Mutter, -bumper, -drum, «. the 
bittern. 

Boggan, Boggen, n. a boil ; a tumour ; a large 
pimple filled with white matter, chiefly 
appearing between the fingers of children 
in spring. 

Boggart, «. a bugbear. 



Boiler 

Boggie, n. a designation of a displaced priest 

who married people contrary to canon laws, 

though not to nature's laws. — adj. plotting 

in secret. 
Boggle, v. to perplex, baffle ; to quake as a 

bog ; to take fright, shy.— n. a fright, fear, 

scruple ; a ' bogle. ' 
Bog-gled, n. the moor-buzzard ; the marsh- 
harrier. 
Bogglie, adj. quaking like a bog. 
Bog-hay, n. hay grown on marshy, uncultivated 

ground. 
Bog-hyacinth, n. the orchis ' Adam and Eve. ' 
Bogie, n. a ' bogle ' ; a craze, infatuation ; a 

hobby ; a name for the devil. Cf. Auld. 
Bogie-keek, n. bo-peep. 
Bogle, n. an apparition ; a scarecrow ; a 

game of 'hide-and-seek.' 
Bogle, 11. a supper-cake eaten in Shetland on 

Bogle Day, 29th March. 
Bogle, v. to bewitch, ' bamboozle ' ; to terrify. 
Bogle-, Bogill-about-the-bush, n. phr. the 

game of 'hide-and-seek'; circumvention. 
Bogle-aboutnthe-stacks, n. phr. the game of 

' hide-and-seek ' played in a full stackyard. 
Bogle-bo, n. a hobgoblin ; a pettish humour ; 

any object of terror. 
Bogle-catch-the-fairy, n. phr. the game of 

' hide-and-seek. ' 
Bogle-day, n. the 29th of March. 
Bogle-rad, adj. afraid of ghosts. 
Bogleaome, adj. shy, skittish. 
Bogle wark, n. the matter of ghostly action. 
Boglie, adj. haunted by hobgoblins or ' bogies.' 
Bog-nut, n. the marsh trefoil. 
Bog-reed, n. a reed-pipe. 
Bog-sclent, v. to avoid fighting, to abscond 

on the day of battle. — n. a coward. 
Bog-spavin, n. wind-gall, a soft swelling on a 

horse's leg. 
Bog-stalker, ;<. an idle, lounging, stupid 

fellow. 
Boguish, adj. of land : soft, spongy. 
Bog-war, n. tangles and other seaweeds with 

balls or bladders on the fronds. 
Boho, n. a laughing-stock. Cf. Beho. 
Boho, n. a name for the devil. Cf. Auld. 
Boich, v. to cough with difficulty. — it. a short, 

difficult cough. Cf. Beigh. 
Boicher, n. one having a short, difficult cough. 
Boichin, 11. a continuance of coughing with 

difficulty. 
Boid, n. a blackberry. 

Boikin, n. the piece of beef called the brisket. 
Boikin, n. a bodkin. 
Boil, n. the bole or trunk of a tree. 
Boil, n. meat for boiling in contrast to meat 

for roasting ; the boiling-point. — v. to well 

up ; with out, to waste in boiling. 
Boiler, «. a large cast-iron kettle. 



Boil-house 



43 



Bonny 



Boil-house, n. an outhouse where food for 

cattle is steamed or boiled. 
Boiling,^*//, in a towering passion. — n. enough 

for boiling at a time ; the whole quantity, 

party, &c. 
Bottled, ppl. adj. profusely decked. 
Boin, n. a washing-tub ; a flat, broad-bottomed 

wooden milk-vessel. Cf. Boyne. 
Boir, n. an aperture. Cf. Bore. 
Boisert, n. a louse. 

tBoist, n. a box or chest ; a coffin. Cf. Buist. 
Boist, v. to threaten. — n. a threat. Cf. Boast. 
Boistart, adj. boisterous. 
Boit, n. a cask or tub for pickling beef, &c. ; 

a butt. 
Boke, v. to retch, vomit, belch ; to object 

to. — n. a belch, vomiting ; a drinking to 

the extent of vomiting. 
Bokie, n. a bogie, hobgoblin, bugbear. Cf. 

Boakie. 
Bokie-blindie, n. blindman's buff. 
Bold, adj. of a fire : great, big ; of wind : 

tempestuous. Cf. Bauld. 
Eolden, v. to take courage, put on a bold face ; 

to swell with pride, wrath, &c. Cf. Bowden. 
Boldie, n. the chaffinch. 
Boldin, ppl. adj. swelled. Cf. Bowden. 
Bole, n. a small opening in a wall for air or 

light, or as a press or cupboard for holding 

odds and ends in daily use. Cf. Boal. 
Bole-bole, n. a small opening in the wall of 

a barn, stable, or cowhouse for light and 

ventilation, &c. 
Bolgan, n, a swelling that becomes a boil or 

pimple. Cf. Boggan. 
Bolgan-leaves, n. the nipple- wort. 
Boll, n. an old Scotch dry measure, not ex- 
ceeding six bushels. Cf. Bow. 
Boll, n. a flash of lightning. 
Bolster, n. the part of a mill in which the 

axle-tree moves. 
Bomacie, n. a thunderstorm. 
Bomariskie, n. an herb the roots of which 

taste exactly like liquorice ; ? rest-harrow. 
Bombard, n. a cannon. 
Bombard-shot, n. cannon-shot. 
Bombass, Bombaze, v. to confound. Cf. 

Bumbaze. 
Bombell, v. to read in a low, indistinct voice ; 

to weep. Cf. Bumble. 
Bombell, v. to bungle. Cf. Bumble, Bummil. 
Bomf, n. a bump, shake. 
Bomill, n. a cooper's tool. 
Bommle, v. to work confusedly. Cf. Bumble. 
Bomulloch, n. in phr. ' to gar ane lauch 

bomulloch,' to make one's mirth turn to 

sorrow. Cf. Bamullo. 
Bon, adj. gratuitous ; begged, borrowed. 
tEon-accord, n. amity, agreement ; the city 

of Aberdeen ; that city's motto. 



Bonage, n. ' bondage.' Cf. Bondage. 

f Bonally, Bonaillie, n. farewell ; good-speed ; 

a farewell feast. 
*f*Bona magna, n. a kind of plum. 
tBon-criteon, n. the pear called ban Chretien. 
Bond, v. to mortgage. — n. a mortgage. — adj. 

conjoined in a bond or written obligation. 
Bondage, n. the services due by a tenant to a 

proprietor, or by a cottager to a farmer, on 

whose farm he dwells. 
Bondage-hook, n. a tenant bound to reap for 

his landlord in harvest. 
Bondage-peats, n. peats which a tenant is 

bound to supply to his landlord. 
Bondager, n. a female worker provided by a 

cottager when he undertakes to work for a 

farmer. 
Bone-dry, adj. very dry, as dry as a bone. 
Bonefire, n. a bonfire. 

Bone-lazy, «. thoroughly lazy. Cf. Bane-idle. 
Boneless, adj. without pith or substance ; 

insipid. 
Bones-breaking, n. a fight, scrimmage ; a 

bloody quarrel. 
Bone-shanks, n. Death represented as a 

skeleton with a scythe. 
Bone-, Bon-wark, -wrak, n. rheumatic pains ; 

aching of the bones. 
tBongrace, n. a woman's large linen or cotton 

bonnet ; a large straw bonnet. 
Eonnage, n. 'bondage.' Cf. Bondage. 
Bonnar, n. a bond ; a mortgagee. 
Bonnet, ». a man's cap. Cf. Bannet. 
Bonnet, n. a person who bids for his own 

goods at a sale ; one who is employed by 

the owner to bid for him. 
Bonnet-ba', n. a boys' game played with 

their caps and a ball. 
Bonnet-fecht, «. a boys' fight with their caps 

as weapons. 
Bonnet-fire, «. a penalty inflicted by boys on 

one who breaks the rules of the game. 
Bonnetie, n. the game of 'bonnet-ba.' 
Bonnetie, n. the little grebe. 
Bonnet-laird, n. a. yeoman, one who farms 

his own land ; one who farmed land as 

tenant, in its natural state and at a nominal 

rent, for a long lease, sometimes of 99 years. 
Bonnet-lug, n. the ear which is more visible 

when the cap is worn on one side of the 

head. 
Bonnet-man, n. a ploughman. 
Bonnet-piece, n. a gold coin of James V., 

who is represented on it wearing a ' bonnet. ' 
Bonnilie, adv. beautifully. 
Bonmvochil, n. the great northern diver. 
Bonnock, n. a sort of cake ; a ' bannock. ' 
Bonny, n. a small quantity of anything. 
Bonny, Bonnie, adj. beautiful, pretty ; hand- 
some, fine, attractive ; goodly ; of a wound : 



Bonny die 



44 



Boosan 



healthy; also used ironically. — adv. prettily, 

finely, well. 
Bonny die, a. a trinket, a toy. 
Bonny-fyd, adj. bona-fide. 
Bonnylike, adj. good to look at, fine to 

appearance. 
Bonnyness, n. beauty. 
Bonny penny, n. a goodly sum of money. 
Bonny sair, n. a healthy sore. 
Bonny-wallies, -wawlies, n. gewgaws, trinkets. 
Bonny wee, n. a good while. 
Bonoch, n. a binding for a cow's hindleg 

during milking. 
Bonour, n. a bond. Cf. Bonnar. 
Bonspeil, Bonspiel, n. a contest or match, at 

curling especially ; a match at any game on 

a large scale. 
Bonxie, n. the common skua. 
Boo, n. a manor-house; farmhouse; a village. 

Cf. Bow. 
Boo, n. an object of terror ; a bugbear. Cf. 

Bo. 
Boo, a. a bull. 
Boo, v. to bow, to bend. — n. a bow, &c. Cf. 

Bow. 
Boo, v. to cry ; to roar ; to low. — n. a crying. 
Booby, n. the lowest in a class of children at 

school. 
Bood, v. pret. had to, behoved. Cf. Beed. 
Bood be, n. a necessary obligation. 
Boodie, n. dried nasal mucus. 
Boodie, n. a ghost, hobgoblin ; a small and 

unattractive person, a dwarf. Cf. Bod. 
Boodie-bo, n. a bugbear ; an object of 

dread. 
Boofif, v. to strike with the hand, causing a 

hollow sound. — n. the sound thus produced ; 

such a stroke. 
Boogers, n. rafters or cross-spars of a roof. 

Cf. Bougars. 
Boo-hoo, int. an excl. of derision with out- 
shot lips. — n. a cry of derision ; an outburst 

of weeping. — v. to show contempt in cries 

of derision ; to weep noisily. 
Booin', n. disorderly shouting ' Boo ! ' 
Boom', n. bowing ; cringing. 
Booit, n. a hand-lantern. Cf. Bouet. 
Book, n. the Bible. — v. to record names of a 

couple for proclamation of banns of marriage. 

Cf. Beuk. 
Booking, n. the act of recording names for 

proclamation of banns ; the feast formerly 

held on that occasion. 
Booking, n. a peculiar tenure of lands in 

Paisley ; a holding under this tenure. 
Booking-night, n. the night on which parties 

were ' booked ' for proclamation of banns 

of marriage. 
Bookit, ppl. ' booked ' for proclamation of 

marriage banns. 



Book-lare, -lear, n. education ; knowledge 

gained from books. 
Book-lared, adj. educated ; learned. 
Book-leernt, adj. educated ; learned. 
Bool, n. a boy's marble ; a. large round stone ; 

a bowler's bowl. 
Bool, n. the curved handle of a bucket, kettle, 

cup, jug ; the bow of a key, scissors, shears; 

anything curved or circular ; a pot-hook ; 

an iron movable handle for lifting a pot by 

the ' ears ' on and off the fire ; in pi. the 

rims of spectacles. 
Bool, n. a term of contempt for an old man ; 

a thickset man or boy. 
Bool, v. to weep in childish fashion ; to drawl 

in singing. 
Boo-lady, n. a cow. 

Bool-backit, adj. round - shouldered ; hump- 
backed. 
Bool-bag, n. a boy's bag for carrying his 

marbles. 
Booler, n. a large marble for throwing. 
Bool-fit, n. a crooked, deformed foot. Cf. 

Bowl. 
Bool-horned, adj. perverse ; headstrong. 
Boolie, adj. crooked, deformed ; used of the 

legs : ' bandy.' Cf. Bowlie. 
Boolie-back, n. a bent back ; a humpback. 
Boolie-backit, adj. 'bool-backit.' 
Boolyie, n. a loud, threatening noise, like a 

bull's bellow. 
Boom, v. used of a flying beetle : to make a 

booming sound. 
Boo-man, n. the cattleman on a large farm. 

Cf. Bowman. 
Boon, n. the core and worthless part of a 

stalk of flax. 
Boon, n. a band of reapers or turf-cutters. 

Cf. Binn. 
Boon, adv. and prep, above. 
Boon-dinner, n. the dinner given in the harvest- 
field to the reapers. 
Booner, adj. upper. 
Boonennost, adj. uppermost. 
Boon-hook, n. the harvest-work which a 

tenant was bound to give to his landlord. 

Cf. Bondage-hook. 
Boonmoat, adj. uppermost. 
Boorach, «. a band on a cow's legs at milking. 
Boord, v. to board, to stay with. — n. a board. 
Boord, v. to split a stratified stone. 
Boordly, adj. stalwart, sturdy, strong, manly. 

Cf. Buirdly. 
Boorichy, n. a small cluster, heap, or crowd. 

Cf. Bourach. 
Boorick, n. a shepherd's hut ; a dwelling ; a 

heap. Cf. Bourach. 
Boor-tree, n. the elder-tree. Cf. Bour-tree. 
Boosam, adj. busy, bustling. 
Boosan, ;;. moving about, bustling. 



Booscht 



45 



Booscht, ,i. a little, talkative person. 

Boose, n. a cow's stall ; a crib. — v. to enclose 

in a stall. 
IBoose, «. force, energy ; a bounce. — v. to 

push, to bounce, to bustle about ; to be 

violently active. 
Booshty, n. a bed ; a small bed. Cf. Buisty. 
Boosiu, ppl. adj. active, bouncing. 
Boost, v. pret. must, ought ; used of moral or 

logical necessity. Cf. Bood. 
Boost, v. to ' shoo ' off ; to guide in a particular 

direction. 
tBoost, n. a box. Cf. Buist. 
Boost, n. the tar-mark on a sheep. Cf. Buist. 
Boot, n. an instrument of torture for the leg, 

formerly used in Scotland. Cf. Beet. 
Boot, n. a flour-sieve. Cf. Bout. 
Boot, v. must ; ought. Cf. Bood, Beet. 
Boot, n. what is given into the bargain or to 

equalize an exchange. 
Boo't, ppl. adj. bent. 
Boot-catcher, n. a servant who removed a 

person's boots for cleaning. 
Boot-dighter, n. the boot-cleaner. 
Eoo-teind, n. a tithe of the produce or value 

of cows. 
Booth-meal, -mail, n. shop-rent. 
Bootikin, n. a small boot ; in pi. the ' boot ' as 

an instrument of torture. Cf. Beetikin. 
Booting, n. booty, prize. 
Bootsna, v. neg. matters not. 
Booty, n. a disease of growing wheat in spring. 
Bootyer, n. a glutton. Cf. Boutger, Byoutour. 
Booze, n. intoxicating liquor ; a carouse. 
Boozer, n. a fuddler, a sot. 
Boozy, adj. bulky ; plump ; stout. 
Boozy, adj. tipsy, fond of drink. 
Boozy, adj. bushy ; hairy. 
Bor, n. a hole. Cf. Bore. 
Borag, n. a bradawl ; a pointed iron heated 

for boring. 
Boral, Borale, n. a wimble ; a borer, an end 

of which is placed on the breast. 
Boral-hole, n. a hole made by a wimble. 
Boral-tree, n. the handle of a wimble. 
Bord, n. a broad hem or welt ; a ruffle, frill ; 

used of a woman's cap : the border or the 

band in front. — v. to provide an edge or 

border. 
+Bordel, Bordel-house, n. a brothel. 
Bore, n. a crevice, chink, hole ; a break in the 

clouds; a teat; a 'new leaf in conduct; 

in curling : a passage between two guarding 

stones ; in cricket : the passage of the ball 

between two fielders. — v. to sew. 
Bore-awl, n. a shoemaker's awl. 
Bore-iron, n. an instrument for boring holes. 
Borel, Borell, n. a. ' boral.' 
Boreman, n. a smith who wields the sledge- 
hammer. 



Boss 

Bore's-ears, n. the auricula. Cf. Boar's ears. 
Bore-staff, n. part of a loom which deals with 

the tension of the web. 
Bore-staff-cord, ». a smooth cord regulating 

by pulley and lever the tension of the 

web. 
Bore-tree, «. the elder-tree. Cf. Bour-tree. 
Borie, n. a clear opening of the sky in wet 

weather. Cf. Bore. 
Born-days, n. lifetime. 
Born-deevil, n. a downright blackguard. 
Borne-doon, ppl. adj. depressed in mind, 

health, or outward circumstances. 
Born-head, n. a. young precocious fellow ; a 

very foolish person. 
Born-head, adv. straightforward, impetuously ; 

headlong. — adj. furious, impetuous. 
Born-mad, n. furious. 
Boroughmonger, n. a rabbit. 
Borough-, Borough's-town, n. a burgh. 
Borra, Borrach, n. a heap of stones covering 

cells; a 'cairn.' Cf. Bourach. 
Borrach, n. a band round a cow's legs, pre- 
venting her from kicking during milking. 

Cf. Bourach. 
Borral, n. the elder-tree. 
Borrel, adj. rough, rude, clownish. 
Borrel, n. a borer, an instrument for piercing. 

Cf. Boral. 
Borrow, n. a burgh or town. 
Borrow, n. a pledge, a surety ; anything 

borrowed. — v. to be surety for ; to ransom ; 

to give security to ; to urge one to drink, 

to pledge one in liquor. Cf. Burrows. 
Borrow-flag, n. the burgh-standard with the 

town's arms. 
Borrowing-days, n. the last three days of 

March, o.s. 
Borrow land, n. a ' land ' or tenement in a 

burgh. 
Borrow-mail, n. annual tribute formerly paid 

to the king by a burgh, in return for certain 

privileges. 
Borrowstoun, n. a royal burgh ; a ' borough 

town.' 
Bose, adj. hollow. Cf. Boss. 
Bosie, n. the bosom. 
Boskill, n. an -opening in the middle of a 

stack of corn, made by pieces of wood 

fastened on the top, a ' boss kiln. ' 
Bosky, adj. the worse for drink ; wild, unfre- 
quented. 
Bosness, n. of stone : friableness, tendency to 

moulder. 
Boss, n. a frame of wood on a staddle. 
Boss, n. anything hollow ; a despicable, 

worthless person. — adj. hollow, empty ; 

weak, ignorant ; emaciated ; poor, despic- 
able, worthless ; pretentious ; applied to a 

recess or bay-window. 



Boss 4 6 

Boss, H. a small cask. 

Bobs, n. a bunch or tuft of grass ; a round 
projecting mass ; the front of the body from 
chest to loins. 

Bossie, n. a large wooden basin, used for 
oatmeal in baking. Cf. Bassie. 

Bossie, n. a metal button used in the game of 
'buttons,' got from naval or military uni- 
forms or livery-servants' coats. 

Bossin, n. a ventilating opening in a. corn- 
stack. 

BossneBS, n. hollowness ; emptiness from lack 
of food. 

Bost, v. to scold, speak roughly ; to threaten. 
Cf. Boast. 

Bote, n. help ; advantage ; compensation. 

Botheration, int. used as an expletive. 

Botherment, n. trouble, perplexity. 

Bothersome, adj. troublesome. 

Bothie, Bothy, n. a. cottage in common for 
farm-servants. 

Bothie-man, n. a farm-servant living in a 
' bothie.' 

Bothier, n. a 'bothie-man.' 

Bothom, n. bottom. Cf. Boddom. 

Botion, n. botching. 

Botkin, n. a bodkin. 

Bottle, n. a bottle of medicine ; the contents 
of a bottle. 

Bottle, v. to bundle-up hay or straw for 
fodder. 

Bottle-crony, n. a boon-companion. 

Bottle-nose, n. the ' ca'ing ' whale. 

Bottle-screw, n. a corkscrew. 

Bottling, n. a festivity ; a gathering of friends 
invited to a wedding. 

Bottom, n. the breech. Cf. Boddom. 

Bottomer, n. one who attends to the bottom 
of a pit-shaft. 

Bottom-room, n. a seat for one in a church- 
pew ; as much room as a person requires in 
sitting. 

Bottom-runner, n. the boards between the 
stern-boards of a boat. 

Bottrel, adj. thickset, dwarfish. — n. a thickset, 
dwarfish person. 

Bou, v. to bow, bend. 

Boubie, n. the lowest in a class at school. 
Cf. Booby. 

Bouch, n. a coward, a sneak. 

Boucht, n. a curvature, bend ; the hollow of 
the elbow or knee ; a coil of fishing-line, 
a fishing-line of 50 to 55 fathoms ; a bay, 
bight. — v. to fold down ; to enclose in a 
loop. 

Boucht, n. a fold for sheep or cattle ; a milking- 
pen for ewes ; a house for folding sheep at 
night ; a large, square church-pew. — v. to 
fold or pen cattle, &c. ; to fence in, enclose 
for shelter. 



Bouksome 



Boucht-curd, n. sheep-droppings that fall 

into the milk-pail. 
Bouchting-blanket, n. * small blanket laid 

across a feather-bed, with the ends tucked 

in on both sides. 
Bouchting-time, n. the time for milking ewes. 
Boucht-knot, ». a running knot ; one made 

with doubled cord. 
Boucht-seat, n. a large, square church-pew ; 

a pew with a table. 
Boud, v. pret. had to. Cf. Bood. 
Bouden, ppl. adj. swollen, inflated. Cf. 

Bowden. 
tBouet, n. a hand-lantern. Cf. Bowet. 
Bouff, v. to strike, buffet. Cf. Booff. 
Bouff, v. to bark like a large dog ; to cough 

noisily. — n. a loud bark ; a noisy cough ; a 

dog. Cf. Buff. 
Bouff, n. a stupid, blundering fellow. 
Bouffie, «. a dog's short bark. 
Bouffin, «. continued coughing. — ppl. adj. 

given to barking. 
Bouffin, n. a big, stout person ; used rather 

contemptuously. 
Boug, n. a child's name for the stomach or 

belly. 
Bougars, n. the rafters or cross-spars of the 

roof of a house, on which wattlings were 

placed. Cf. Bugar. 
Bougar-stakes, n. the lower part of the 

rafters, in old houses, resting on the ground. 
Bougar-sticks, n. strong pieces of wood fixed 

to the rafters by wooden pins. 
Bouger, n. the puffin. 
Bought, n. a curve. Cf. Boucht. 
Bought, n. a sheepfold. Cf. Boucht. 
Boughtie, n. a twig. 
Bougie, n. a sheepskin bag. 
Bougil, n. cockcrow ; the crow of a cock. 
tBouguie, n. a posy, nosegay, bouquet. 
Bouk, n. the whole body ; size, quantity, bulk. 

— v. to make bulk ; to pack in (small) 

compass. 
Bouk, n. a lye made of cow-dung and stale 

urine or soapy water, in which foul linen 

was steeped in order to its being cleansed 

or whitened. — v. to steep foul linen in such 

a lye. 
Bouk, v. to retch, vomit. — «. a retching, 

vomiting. Cf. Boke. 
Boukie, adj. bulky. Cf. Bouky. 
Bouking, n. the quantity of clothes steeped 

for washing at a time. 
Bouking-, Boukit- washing, u. the great 

annual washing of family linen by means of 

the ' bouk ' or lye of cow-dung, &c. 
Boukit, ppl. adj. large, bulky ; swollen ; cor- 
pulent ; pregnant. 
Bouksome, adj. bulky, of large size ; preg- 
nant ; morally great. 



Bouky 

Bouky, adj. bulky ; obese ; well-attended ; 
numerous. 

Boul, n. a contemptuous expression applied to 
a person. 

Boul, n. anything curved. Cf. Bool. 

Boulden, ppl. adj. swelled ; inflated. Cf. 
Bowden. 

Boulder, n. a strong blast of wind. Cf. 
Bowder. 

Boulder-stane, n. a paving-stone. 

Boule, n. a gap, break ; an opening in the 
clouds betokening fine weather. Cf. Bole. 

Boul -horned, adj. headstrong. Cf. Bool- 
horned. 

Boullin'-maill, n. a charge for playing bowls 
on a green. 

Boult-claith, ». a. bolting-cloth for sifting 
flour. 

Bouman, n. a tenant who takes stock from his 
landlord and shares with him the profit. 

Boun, v. to make ready, prepare ; to dress ; 
to betake one's self to a place ; to go. 

Boun, ppl. adj. ready, prepared ; bound for. 

Bouncer, n. a lively person. 

Bouncing, ppl. adj. lively ; vigorous. 

Bouncy, adj. 'bouncing.' 

Bound, n. a district ; a boundary ; limit or 
size of the body. 

Bound, ppl. sure, certain. 

Bounder, v. to limit, set boundaries to. 

Bound out, v. to swell out, to enlarge. 

Bound-road, n. a fenced road ; a boundary- 
road ; a frontier. 

Bountie-shoes, n. shoes given as part of a 
servant's wages. 

Bountith, Bounteth, n. something given in 
reward for service, over and above wages ; a 
bounty, a bonus. 

Boun-tree, Bountry, n. the elder-tree. Cf. 
Bour-tree. 

Boun-tree-berries, n. elder-berries. 

Boun-tree-gun, n. an elder-wood pop-gun. 

Bourach, n. a mound ; a heap of stones ; a 
small ' cairn ' ; a confused heap ; a cluster, 
ring, or crowd of people and things ; a hut 
of loose stones ; a shepherd's hut ; a house 
that children build in play ; a knoll ; an 
enclosure. — v. to enclose, encircle ; to crowd 
together in a mass or ring, or confusedly. 

Bourach, n. a band put round a cow's hind- 
legs at milking-time. Cf. Burroch. 

Bourbee, n. the spotted whistle-fish. 

tBourd, -v. to jest ; to dally. — n. a jest, joke ; 
a scoff. 

Bourd, n. an encounter, fight. Cf. Bowrad. 

Bourding, n. jesting. 

Bourie, n. a rabbit's burrow ; a fox's den. 

Bduroch, Bourock, n. a house, home. Cf. 
Bourach. 

tBourriau, Bourrier, u. an executioner. 



47 



Bow 



Bour-tree, n. the elder-tree. 

Bouse, n. intoxicating drink. Cf. Booze. 

Bouser, n. a sot. 

BouBhty, n. a bed. Cf. Buisty. 

Boust, v. must. Cf. Buist. 

Bousteous, adj. boisterous ; fierce. Cf. Bus- 
teous. 

Bouater, n. a bolster. Cf. Bowster. 

Bousterous, adj. boisterous. 

Bousum, adj. merry. 

Bousy, adj. tipsy ; fond of liquor. Cf. Boozy. 

Bousy, adj. covered with bushes ; hairy. Cf. 
Boozy. 

Bousy, adj. large, bulky, plump. Cf. Boozy. 

Bousy-like, adj. apparently distended or big. 

Bout, prep, without. Cf. But. 

Bout, n. every two turns with the plough ; the 
extent of land mown by a labourer mov- 
ing straightforward ; the amount of thread 
wound on a clew while held in the same 
position ; the corn and hay cut by a scythe 
and lying in rows ; a. swath of grass ; an 
attack of illness. 

Bout, v. to bolt, spring, leap ; to rise 
quickly from beneath a surface. — n. a bolt 
into or out of a room, &c. ; the act of coming 
upon by surprise. 

Bout, n. a roll of cloth, &c. , of 28 ells. 

Bout, v. to sift flour through a fine sieve or 
cloth. — n. a sieve. 

Boutch, v. to botch, bungle. 

Bout-claith, n. cloth of a thin texture. 

tBoutefeu, n. an incendiary ; one who ' adds 
fuel to fire. ' 

Bout-gang, n. the space gone over, or the 
work done, with one sharpening of a scythe, 
in harvesting. 

Bout-gate, n. a 'bout-gang'; a. roundabout 
way ; an underhand means ; a deceitful 
course. 

Boutger, n. a glutton. Cf. Bootyer, Byoutour. 

Bouting, n. a ' bout-gang.' 

tBouvTage, n. drink, beverage. 

Bouzy, adj. bushy, wooded ; bushy in appear- 
ance ; umbrageous. Cf. Bousy. 

Bouzy, adj. big, swelling, distended ; fat, over- 
grown ; of a jolly and good-humoured ap- 
pearance. Cf. Boozy. 

Bow, 11. a 'boll,' an old Scottish dry measure 
of not more than six bushels. 

Bow, «. the boll containing flax-seed. 

Bow, n. the arch of a bridge ; the curve of a 
street ; the wooden yoke for attaching oxen 
to the plough ; a fiddler ; the semicircular 
handle of a pail, pot, &c. ; in pi. sugar-tongs. 
— v. to curve, bend. 

Bow, n. a field for cows ; a cattle-fold ; a house ; 
the principal farmhouse on an estate. Cf. 
Boo. 

Bow, n. a fisherman's buoy ; the iron which 



Bow 



48 



passes through the lead-stone from which 

the hooks hang. — v. to buoy up ; to affix 

buoys to fishing-lines. 
Bow, v. in phr. ' bow an e'e,' to close an eye, 

to sleep. 
Bowater, n. a night-poacher of salmon, who 

uses a torch or lantern. 
Bow-brig, 11. a one-arched bridge. 
Bowd, 11. a breaker, a billow. 
Bow'd, ppl. adj. crooked. 
Bowden, v. to fill ; to burden ; to create 

flatulent distention ; used of cattle : to swell 

from overeating ; to swell with wrath or 

courage. 
Bowden,///. adj. swollen, heavy; burdened, 

provided. 
Bowder, 11. a great squall, blast, a heavy 

storm of wind and rain. Cf. Boulder. 
Bowdie-leggit, adj. having ' bow-legs. ' 
Bowding, n. swelling. 
Bowel-hive, n. an inflammation of the bowels 

in children. 
Bowel-hive grass, n. the field ladies' mantle, 

supposed to be effective in children's 

' bowel-hive.' 
Bowen, «. a broad, shallow dish made of 

staves, for holding milk, &c. ; a washing-tub. 

Cf. Boin. 
Bower, n. an inner room, a parlour, a 'boudoir.' 
Bower, n. a bow-maker. 

Bower, n. the manager of a dairy on a dairy- 
farm. 
Bowerique, n. a small bower or parlour. 
Bower-woman, n. a lady's-maid. 
Bowet, n. a. hand-lantern ; the moon. Cf. 

Bouet. 
Bowet-licht, u. lantern-light. 
Bowfarts, n. in phr. 'in the bowfarts,' on the 

back and unable to rise. 
Bowff, v. to bark like a dog. Cf. Bouff. 
Bowff, v. to strike with the hand so as to cause a 

hollow sound. — n. a stroke causing a hollow 

sound. 
Bowfit-steel, n. a buffet-stool. 
Bowg, n. a child's belly. 
Bowger, n. the puffin. 
Bow-nan', 11. a fiddler ; style of fiddling ; a 

fiddler's right hand. 
Bow-houghed, adj. bow-legged ; with ' bow- 
thighs. ' 
Bow-houghs, n. crooked legs or thighs. 
Bowie, n. a small barrel or cask open at one 

end ; a tub ; a milk-pail ; a water-bucket or 

pail with a 'bow-handle'; a wooden vessel 

with staves and hoops, for holding milk, 

porridge, ' brose,' broth, &c. 
Bowiefu', n. the fill of a ' bowie. ' 
Bowing, n. a holding or lease of a grass-farm 

and its live-stock ; the management of a 

dairy on a dairy-farm. 



Bow't 

Bowing-chaffs, n. distortion of the face by 
grimaces. 

Bowk, v. to retch, vomit. — n. a vomiting. Cf. 
Boke. 

Bowk, «. body ; bulk. Cf. Bouk. 

Bow-kail, -oaill, n. cabbage. 

Bow-keg, n. a small keg used as a buoy for 
fishing-lines. 

Bowl, v. to boil. 

Bowl, v. to crook. Cf. Bool. 

Bowled-like, adj. crooked-like ; with the ap- 
pearance of being bowed. 

Bow-leggit, adj. having bandy legs. 

Bowler, n. a kettle, a boiler. 

Bowlie, adj. crooked, bent. — n. a contemptuous 
name for a bow-legged person. Cf. Boolie. 

Bowlie-backit, adj. round-shouldered ; hump- 
backed. 

Bowl-man, n. a male hawker of crockery. 

Bowlochs, it. the ragweed ; the mugwort. 

Bowltest, adj. the most bent or crooked. 

Bowl-wife, n. a female hawker of crockery. 

Bowman, n. a cottager, a ploughman, a cattle- 
man, on a farm. 

Bown, v. to make ready. Cf. Bonn. 

Bow-pot, n. a nosegay, bouquet. 

Bowrach, n. a fetter for a cow at milking-time. 
Cf. Bourach. 

Bowrack, Bowriok, Bowrock, n. a heap of 
stones ; a cluster. Cf. Bourach. 

Bowrad, n. a fatal encounter. 

Bow-ribbed, ppl. adj. bent in the ribs or spars. 

Bowrow, n. the row of a boat from one buoy 
to another when a line breaks, and the 
fisherman seeks to haul it from the other end. 

Bows, n. a severe punishment ; inphr. 'through 
the bows,' said of one who misbehaves and 
suffers punishment. 

Bowsan, adj. very big, 'thumping.' 

Bow-saw, n. a flexible, narrow-bladed saw 
fixed in a bow-shaped frame, for cutting. 

Bowse, n. a ' bowsie ' for frightening children. 
Cf. Bowsie. 

Bowse, v. to rush like the wind. 

Bowse, v. to bouse, pull hard in tacking. 

Bowset, n. in phr. ' bowset and down the 
middle,' a country dance. 

Bowsey, n. nasal excrement. 

Bowsie, adj. bushy, hairy. Cf. Bousy. 

Bowsie, adj. curved like a bow. — n. a con- 
temptuous name for a crooked person. 

Bowsie, adj. large. Cf. Bousy. 

Bowsie, n. a huge, misshapen, hairy monster, 
used to frighten children. 

Bowsprit, «. the nose. 

Bowster, 11. a bolster. 

Bow-stook, n. a cabbage. 

Bowt, n. a bolt ; a thunderbolt ; an iron rod. 

Bowt, v. to spring up or away ; to bolt. 

Bow't, ppl. adj. bowed, bent ; crooked. 



Bowt 

Bowt, n. as much worsted as is wound upon 

a clew while it is held in one position. Cf. 

Bout. 
Bowt, ». a roll of cloth. 
Bowting-claith, n. cloth of fine texture. Cf. 

Boult-claith. 
Bowt o' nittin, n. phr. a roll of tape. 
Bow-tow, n. a buoy-rope. 
Bow-wow, v. to scare ; to frighten by bark- 
ing ; to bully, cheat. — n. a threat. — adj. 

captious, snarling. 
Bowze, v. to drink hard. Cf. Booze. 
Bowzelly, adj. bushy, unkempt. Cf. Bousy. 
Box, n. the poor's fund in each parish, as 

formerly supplied by church collections, 

fines, &c. ; the fund of a guild, benefit or 

friendly society ; a precentor's desk. 
Box, v. to panel walls with wood, to wainscot, 

to wall in with wood. 
Box, v. used of cattle : to strike, gore, or 

push with the head. 
Box and dice, n.phr. the sum total, everything; 

the whole collection. 
Box-barrow, n. a wheelbarrow with wooden 

sides. 
Box-bed, n. a bed with wooden sides and top, 

and two sliding or hinged panels for door ; 

a folding-bed in the form of a chest of 

drawers. 
Box-drain, n. a drain laid carefully with stones. 
Boxed, ppl. adj. sheltered, walled in. 
Box-feeding, n. the method of feeding sheep 

in sheds, &c. 
Boxie-vrack, n. the seaweed Fucus pixidatus. 
Boxing, n. wainscotting. 
Boxings, n. the coarse offal of grain after the 

bran is taken off. 
Box-ladder, n. a ladder-shaped staircase, in 

which each step forms part of a sloping box, 

as it were. 
Box-master, ». the treasurer of a town's fund, 

or of any guild, benefit society, &c. 
Box-seat, n. a square pew in church. 
Boy, n. a male person of any age and con-. 

dition, if unmarried and residing in the 

parental home ; a smart, clever, capable 

fellow ; used in derision as well as praise. 
Boyd, n. a blackberry. Cf. Boid. 
Boyne, Boyen, «. a broad, flat dish for holding 

milk ; a tub ; a washing-tub. Cf. Boin. 
Boynfu', n. the fill of a ' boyne. ' 
Boytach, «. a bunch, a bundle ; a small, dumpy 

animal. 
Boytoch, adj. bad at walking from stoutness. 
Bra', adj. fine. Cf. Braw. 
Bra, «. a hill. Cf. Brae. 
Braad, n. a sharp pull to hook a fish. — v. to 

give such a pull. 
Braal, n. a fragment. 
Brabblach, n. refuse. 
4 



49 



Bragwort 



Brace, n. a chimney-piece ; a chimney of straw 

and clay ; the projection of the wall into 

a room, in which the chimney is placed ; 

a bit of wall in the middle of a Caithness 

kitchen-floor against which the fire was 

placed. 
Bracel, v. to advance hastily and noisily. Cf. 

Brachle. 
Brace-piece, n. a chimney-piece. 
Brachan, n. water-gruel with butter. Cf. 

Brochan. 
Brachle, v. to advance hastily and noisily. 
Brachton, n. a term of contempt. 
Brack, v. to break. — n. a break, breach ; 

breaking waves ; a large number. Cf. Break. 
Brack, n. a strip of unfilled land lying between 

two plots of land ; a tract of barren ground 

in or near a township. 
Brack, n. a sudden fall of earth or snow on a 

slope ; a flood from a thaw ; a sudden and 

heavy fall of rain. 
Brack, n. very salt liquid or half-liquid food. 
Bracken, Bracben, n. the female fern. 
Bracken-clock, n. the small, gay-coloured 

chafer. 
Brackit, adj. speckled. Cf. Brockit. 
Bracks, n. a disease of sheep, ' braxy.' 
Bracksy, n. of sheep : suffering from ' bracks.' 
Brad, n. an opprobrious epithet applied to an 

old man. 
Braddan, n. a salmon. 
Brade, adj. broad. — «. breadth. Cf. Braid. 
Brade, v. to resemble, like members of a. 

family or stock. Cf. Breed. 
Brae, n. a. declivity, hillside, steep road ; a 

knoll ; a. hill ; the bank of a river ; the 

upper part of a country. 
Brae-face, n. the front or slope of a hill. 
Brae-hag, -hauld, n. the overhanging bank of 

a stream. 
Brae-head, «. the top of a 'brae.' 
Braeie, adj. hilly ; sloping. 
Brae-laird, n. a landowner on the southern 

slope of the Grampians. 
Brae-man, n. a dweller on the southern slope 

of the Grampians. 
Braengel, n. a confused crowd. Cf. Brangle. 
Braeset, adj. full of ' braes. ' 
Brae-shot, n. a quantity of earth fallen from 

a slope ; a large sum of money which one 

unexpectedly inherits. 
Braeside, n. a hillside. 
Brag, v. to challenge to a feat ; to defy ; to 

reproach. — n. a boast. 
Braggand, Braggie, Braggy, adj. boastful; 

bombastic. 
Braggir, n. a coarse seaweed ; the broad leaves 

of marine alga?. 
Bragwort, n. mead ; honey and ale fermented 

together. 



Braichum 

Braichum, n. a horse-collar ; any untidy or 

clumsy piece of dress, especially anything 

wrapped round the neck. 
Braienum up, v. to wrap up untidily for pro- 
tection against the weather. — n. the act of 

doing so. 
Braid, n. the cry of a new-born child. 
Braid, v. to resemble, to take after ; used of 

members of the same stock or family. Cf. 

Breed. 
Braid, adj. broad ; having a strong dialect 

language or accent. — adv. broadly ; without 

reserve. — n. breadth. 
Braid-band, ». corn spread out unbound on 

the 'band.' — adv. with /a', said of a woman 

who does not resist improper toying. 
Braidcast, n. sowing with the hand.—; ppl. adj. 

used of seed : scattered over the whole 

surface, broadcast. 
Braid lining, «. a peculiar kind of soft woollen 

cloth. 
Braidness, ?<. breadth. 

Braidways, adv. broadside, on one's breadth. 
Braig, v. to brag, boast. 
Braiggle, n. an old and dangerously rickety 

article. 
Braik, ». an instrument for separating hemp 

or flax from the core ; a large, heavy harrow 

for breaking clods. Cf. Brake. 
Braik, n. an internal mortification ; a disease 

among sheep, ' braxy. ' 
Braik, v. to retch. Cf. Break. 
Braiken, n. a ' bracken. ' 
Bra,ikit, ppl. adj. speckled. Cf. Brockit. 
Brain, n. spirit, mettle; a severe injury. — 

adj. furious raging. — v. to hurt severely ; 

to stun by an injury to the head. 
Brain-box, n. the skull. 
Braindge, Brainge, v. to plunge rashly for- 
ward ; to dash carelessly towards ; to bustle 

about noisily in a fit of temper ; to use 

violence, to dash in pieces ; to vibrate. — n. 

a forward dash or plunge ; bustling, angry 

haste ; a fit of temper. 
Brainding, ppl. striving to be first on the 

harvest-field, 'kemping.' 
Brainger, n. one who rushes forward ; a 

formidable foe. 
Brainin, n. a severe injury. 
Brainish, adj. hot - headed ; high - spirited ; 

delirious. 
Brain-mad, adj. determined ; keenly bent on ; 

hurried on with the greatest impetuosity ; 

mad. 
Brain-pan, ». the skull. 
Brain-wud, adj. mad ; acting with fury or 

intense impetuosity. 
Brainy, adj. unmanageable, high - mettled ; 

spirited, lively. 
Brainyell, Brainzel, v. to rush headlong ; to 



5° 



Brander-bannock 



break forth violently ; to ' brangle,' to storm, 
to rave. — n. the act of rushing forward or 
doing anything carelessly or violently. 

Braird, n. the first sprouting of young grain, 
turnips, &c. ; a young, growing fellow. — v. 
to germinate, to sprout above ground. 

Brairded-dyke, n. a fence made of thorn, 
furze, &c. 

Brairdie, adj. abounding with 'braird.' 

Brairds, n. the coarsest sort of flax ; the short 
' tow ' drawn out straight in carding it ; the 
best part of flax after a second 'heckling.' 
Cf. Breards. 

Braisant.j*^/. adj. brazened; impudent, bold ; 
hardened, shameless. 

Braise, n. the roach ; a fish of the genus 
Pagrus vulgaris. 

Braissil, v. to work hurriedly. — n. a rush, 
start ; in pi. fits and starts. 

Braist, v. to burst. 

Braithel, n. a wedding. 

Braithel-ale, ». ale drunk at a wedding. 

Braize, «. the ' broose ' raced for at a wedding. 
Cf. Broose. 

Brak, v. to break ; to become bankrupt ; to 
express great sorrow ; with out, to block 
out roughly. — n. the breaking-up ; breach ; 
noise ; uproar. Cf. Break. 

Brak-back, «. the harvest moon as entailing 
heavy labour. 

Brake, ». a toothed instrument for dressing 
flax or hemp; a heavy harrow for clod- 
breaking. — v. to treat land with such a 
harrow. Cf. Braik. 

Brake, n. a considerable number. 

Brake, n. a bracken. 

Brake, v. to puke, to retch. Cf. Braik. 

Brakeseugh, n. a disease of sheep. Cf. Braxy. 

Brakkins, Braks, n. the remains of a feast ; 
broken meats. 

Brallion, «. an unwieldy person or animal. 

Bramlin, Brammel-worm, Brammin, n. a red- 
and-yellow worm found in old dunghills, 
used as bait for fresh- water fish, the ' stripey.' 

Bramskin, n. a tanner's leathern apron. 

Bran, n. the calf of the leg, the ' brawn. ' 

Brancher, n. a young bird unable to fly ; a 
young crow leaving the nest for branches. 

Brand, n. a glowing cinder ; a burning peat ; 
a worthless person. 

Brand, n. the calf of the leg. Cf. Brawn. 

Branded, adj. brindled. 

Branden, ppl. adj. grilled. 

Brander, n. a gridiron ; n trestle, the support 
of a scaffold ; a grating for the mouth of a 
drain or sewer. — v. to broil or bake on a 
' brander'; to be broiled ; to form a founda- 
tion in building, as for a ceiling or a scaffold. 

Brander-bannock, n. a ' bannock ' fired on a 
'brander,' 



Braudered 



Si 



Brandered, ppl. adj. cooked on a ' brander ' ; 
used of ceilings : having a framework as 
well as joists. 

Brandering, n. scaffolding ; framework for 
panelling ; cooking on a ' brander. ' 

Brandie, adj. brindled. — n. a brindled cow. 

Brandied,///. adj. brindled. 

Brandling-worm, n. a striped worm used in 
fishing. Cf. Bramlin. 

Brandraucht, Brandreth, ». a ' brander. ' 

Brandstickle, n. the stickleback. 

Brandy-cellars, n. underground places for 
storing smuggled brandy. 

Brandy-cleek, n. palsy in the leg from hard 
drinking. 

Brandy-holes, n. 'brandy-cellars.' 

Brandy-wine, n. brandy. 

Brang, v. fret, brought. 

Brange, v. to dash forward impetuously. Cf. 
Braindge. 

Branglant, ppl. adj. brandishing. 

tBrangle, v. to brandish ; to vibrate, shake ; 
to entangle, confuse ; to throw into doubt ; 
to cast doubt upon. — n. a tangle ; a con- 
fused crowd. 

Branglement, ». confusion ; perplexity. 

Brangler, n. a quarrelsome, wrangling person. 

Brank, v. to bridle or restrain. — n. a sort of 
bridle or halter for horses or cows when 
at grass or tethered ; in //. a bridle for 
scolds, witches, &c. ; the mumps. 

Brank, v. to hold the head erect in a con- 
strained or affected manner ; to bridle-up ; 
to prance ; to trip ; to toss the head ; to 
deck, dress up. — n. a prance ; a toss of the 
head, a caper. 

Brankie, adj. finely dressed, gaudy, pranked- 
up. 

Brankin, Branken, ppl. adj. lively, gay ; 
showy, ostentatious ; prancing. 

Brankit, ppl. adj. vain, puffed-up. 

Brankless, adj. unrestrained. 

Brank-new, adj. quite new. 

Branks, v. to put on the 'branks'; to halter, 
bridle. 

Branlie, Branlin, n. the samlet or parr. 

Brann, n. a. boar-pig. Cf. Brawn. 

Brannie, n. a brindled cow. Cf. Brandie. 

Brannit, Bran'it, ppl. adj. brindled. Cf. 
Branded. 

Brannock, ». a young salmon. 

Branstickle, n. the three-spined stickleback. 
Cf. Brandstickle. 

Brash, n. a sudden gust, shower, or thunder- 
peal ; a short turn at work ; a short 
but severe attack of illness ; an effort ; 
an attack. — v. to assault, bruise ; to break 
bones ; to belch acrid liquid into the mouth. 

Brash, n. broken bits, fragments, pieces. 

Brash, v. to rush headlong. 



Brave and 

Brash-bread, n. bread made from a mixture 
of oats and rye. 

Brashloch, «. rubbish ; a mixed crop of oats 
and rye, or of barley and rye. 

Brashnooh, n. the wild mustard. 

Brashy, adj. weak ; of delicate constitution ; 
subject to frequent ailments. 

Brashy, adj. noisy ; stormy ; rugged. 

Brass, n. money ; effrontery. 

Brassle, v. to work hurriedly. — ». a rush, 
start. Cf. Braissil. 

Brassy, n. a golf-club shod with brass on the 
sole. 

Brassy, n. the fish wrasse or 'old wife.' 
Cf. Bressie. 

Brast, v. pret. burst. 

Brastle, n. a push ; an encounter ; a wrestle. 

Brat, «. clothing in general ; a child's pina- 
fore ; a coarse kind of apron ; a bib ; a rag ; 
scum, floatings of whey ; the glazed skin of 
porridge or flummery. 

Brat, n. a cloth put on a ewe to prevent 
copulation. — v. to cover the hinder part of 
a ewe. 

Brat, n. a child, used in contempt or dis- 
paragement. 

Bratch, n. z. bitch-hound. 

Bratchel, n. a heap of flax-husks set on fire. 

Bratehet, Bratchart, n. ». pert, mischievous 
child ; a silly person ; a true lover. 

Bratchie, n. india-rubber. 

Brath, v. to plait straw-ropes on the thatch 
of a stack or house. 

Brathins, n. the cross-ropes on the thatch of 
a stack or house. 

Bratt, n. an apron, bib ; scum. Cf. Brat. 

Brattice, Brattish, n. a wooden partition 
between rooms. 

Brattie, n. a small apron ; a shepherd's plaid. 

Brattie-string, n. an apron-string. 

Bratting, ppl. covering a ewe with a cloth to 
prevent copulation. 

Brattle, n. a loud, clattering noise ; the crash 
of thunder or of a storm ; a sudden start ; a 
short race ; a noisy fray. — v. to make a loud 
rattling or crashing sound ; to run quickly, 
to hurry ; used of a stream : to flow tumultu- 
ously and noisily ; to peal as thunder. 

Bratty, adj. ragged. 

Braughtin, «. green cheese parings or wrought- 
curd, kneaded with butter or suet, and 
broiled in the frying-pan. Cf. Brughtin. 

Braul, v. to shake. 

Braun, n. a boar-pig. Cf. Brawn. 

Brauner, n. a gelt pig. 

Brauny, adj. brindled. Cf. Brandie. 

Brave, adj. handsome ; goodly, fine; used also 
ironically ; considerable, great. — adv. capit- 
ally, in first-rate style. Cf. Braw. 

Brave and, adv. phr. very, exceedingly. 



Bravelies 5 2 

Bravelies, adv. very well, finely, prosperously. 
Bravely, adv. very well, satisfactorily, pros- 
perously ; in good health. 
Braverie, n. a bravado ; show, splendour ; 

fine clothes, showy dress ; fine or ornate 

language. 
Bravity, n. courage, bravery ; fine show, dis- 
play, finery. 
tBravoora, n. a mad-like degree of irritation 

or fury in man and beast. 
Braw, adj. fine, gaily dressed ; handsome ; 

pleasant, agreeable ; worthy, excellent ; 

very good, surpassing in any respect ; 

stout, able-bodied. — n. in //. fine clothes; 

wedding-clothes. 
Braw and, adv. phr. very, exceedingly. 
Brawchton, n. anything weighty or unwieldy. 
Brawd, n. a large, clumsy article. 
Brawl, v. to gallop. 
Brawlies, Brawlins, adv. well, finely ; in good 

health, fairly well. 
Brawlins, n. the trailing strawberry-tree, or 

bearberry. 
Brawly, adv. well, finely ; in good health. — 

adj. grand, splendid. 
Brawn, n. the calf of the leg. 
Brawn, n. a boar-pig. 
Brawn-burdened, adj. having sturdy calves 

or legs. 
Brawner, n. a gelt boar. 
Brawnit, adj. brindled. 
Brawny, adj. brindled. — n. a brindled bull, 

cow, or ox ; a name given to such an animal. 

Cf. Brannie. 
Brawsome, adj. rather ' braw ' ; comely. 
Braw-warld, adj. showy, gaudy. 
Braxy, n. an internal inflammation in sheep ; 

a sheep that has died of ' braxy ' or other 

natural death ; the flesh of such sheep ; 

diseased mutton ; food of any kind. 
Bray, v. to press, squeeze ; to shove, push. — 

n. a squeeze. 
Bray, ». a ' brae,' hill. 
Brayie, adj. hilly. Cf. Braeie. 
Braze, n. the roach. Cf. Braise. 
Brazed, ppl. adj. brazened ; hardened to 

effrontery. 
Breach, n. broken water on the seashore. 
Bread, n. a roll ; a loaf ; oatcake. 
Bread, n. breadth ; a breadth of material. 

Cf. Braid. 
Breadberry, n. children's pap. 
Bread-kit, n. a kit in which fishermen carry 

provisions to sea. 
Breadlings, adv. with the flat side of a 

sword, &c. 
Bread-meal, «. the flour of peas and barley. 
Bread-morning, 11. bread which a labourer 

takes with him when going to work in the 

morning; morning ' piece,' 



Break one's day 



Bread-spaad, n. an iron spattle for turning 

bread on the gridiron. 
Breadth, n. a row of potatoes, &c. 
Bread-turner, n. a wooden spattle for turning 
bannocks on the gridiron. 

Break, n. a piece of ground broken up ; a 
division of land on a farm ; a furrow in 
ploughing ; a breach ; the breaking waves 
on the shore ; a heavy fall of rain or snow ; 
a large harrow ; a hollow in a hill ; an 
instrument for taking the rind off flax ; the 
turning-point of a road or hill ; failure, 
bankruptcy. 

Break, n. a large number, a crowd. 

Break, v. to prepare land for cultivation or 
for a particular crop in rotation ; to become 
bankrupt ; to cut up, carve ; to ' burgle ' ; 
to open a full bottle ; to begin spending ; 
to change money ; to set out or run off 
briskly ; to defeat ; to cause a breach of the 
peace ; to begin to use a store of food, &c. ; 
to disappoint, deny, refuse ; to sell by retail; 
to break the skin, abrade ; to spread manure ; 
to lower prices or wages ; used of milk : to 
curdle ; of sheep or cattle : to break fences 
or stray ; to trample down and destroy 
crops. 

Break an egg, phr. to strike one curling-stone 
with another with just force enough to crack 
an egg on contact. 

Break-back, ». the harvest moon, so called 
by harvest labourers because of the additional 
work it entails. 

Break bread, v. to taste food, to breakfast ; 
to deprive one of means of subsistence. 

Break breath, v. to utter a sound. 

Break down, v. of the weather : to become 
wet or stormy. 

Breaker, n. one who carves a fowl or cuts 
up a carcass ; a retailer, one who sells goods 
in small quantities ; a large, hard marble 
for throwing ; a red-clay marble. 

Break-faith, adj. perfidious, treacherous. 

Break-fur, v. to plough roughly so as to lay 
the upturned furrow over the uncut furrow. 
— n. such rough ploughing. 

Break-heart, n. heart-break. 

Breaking bread on the bride's head, phr. 
breaking the 'infar' cake on the bride's 
head as she crosses the threshold of her 
new home. 

Breaking of bread, n. breakfast ; the spoiling 
of one's prospects. 

Breakings, n. the remains of a feast, broken 
meats. 

Break-off, v. a type-casting term ; to discharge 
wind from the stomach.— n. the turning- 
point of a road or hill. 

Break one's day, phr. to take a holiday or 
part of one ; to interrupt one's daily work, 



Break out 



53 



Breekless 



Break out, v. lo bring new ground under 
cultivation ; of the skin : to have a rash, 
sores, &c. 

Break out fine, phr. used of the weather : to 
clear-up. 

Breakshough, n. the dysentery in sheep. Cf. 
Braxy. 

Break-the-barn, n. a child's name for one of 
the fingers. 

Break the ground, phr. to open a grave. 

Break the weather, v. to bring about a change 
in the weather, said of a cat washing its face 
with its paws. 

Break up, v. of the weather : to change ; to 
open an ecclesiastical meeting with a ser- 
mon ; to break into, as a burglar. 

Break upon, v. to change money ; to draw 
on one's savings, &c. 

Break with the full hand, phr. to make a 
fraudulent bankruptcy. 

Breard, v. to sprout. — n. the first appearance 
of germination. Cf. Braird. 

Breards, n. the short flax recovered from the 
first tow by a second heckling. 

Breast, ». the front, the forepart ; the part of 
a peat-moss from which peats are cut ; a 
step or layer in a manure-heap ; in phr. ' in 
a breast,' abreast, side by side. 

Breast, v. to mount a horse, wall, &c. by 
applying one's breast to it ; to get up ; to 
spring up or forward ; to cut peats horizon- 
tally ; to overcome a difficulty ; to swallow 
an affront ; to believe a wonder ; used of a 
bride and bridegroom : to face the minister 
at a marriage. 

Breast-beam, n. a beam in a handloom, 
reaching up to the weaver's breast. 

Breast-bore, n. a wimble. 

Breast-knot, n. a ' knot ' of ribbons worn on 
the breast. 

Breast-peat, n. a peat formed by a horizontal 
push of the spade into the perpendicular 
face of the moss. 

Breast-spade, n. a peat-spade pushed forward 
with the breast. 

Breast-woodie, n. the harness round the breast 
of a horse. 

Breath, n. opinion ; sentiments, tendency of 
thought ; a moment. 

Breath-bellows, n. the lungs. 

Breathe, v. to give a horse time to recover 
breath. 

Breathin', n. an instant of time. 

Brecham, Brechan, Brechom, n. the collar of 
a working horse ; an untidy piece of dress ; 
a wrap for the neck. Cf. Braichum. 

Brechan, «. a Highland plaid. 

Brechin, n. the harness round the hinder-part 
of a horse, the breeching ; in phr. 'to hang 
in the brechin,' to lag behind. Cf. Britchin. 



Breck, n. barren ground in or near a township. 
Breck, v. to break ; to become insolvent. 
Breckan, n. a brake ; a fern. 
Brecks, n. a piece of cloth sewed across the 

tail of a ewe, and extending about six inches 

down the hips on each side. 
Breckshaw, n. the dysentery in sheep, ' braxy.' 
Bred, n. a board, plank ; the lid of a pot or 

pan; the board of a book ; the offertory-plate. 
Breder, n. brethren. 
Bree, n. liquor, whisky, ale, &c. ; moisture of 

any kind; water in which any article of food 

is boiled, broth, soup, gravy, sauce, juice. — 

v. to pour water on articles of food to 

be boiled ; to drain solids that have been 

boiled ; to brew. Cf. Broo. 
Bree, n. a disturbance, fuss, hurry ; bustle ; 

the brunt. 
Bree, n. the brow ; the eyebrow. 
Breears, n. the eyelashes. 
Breech, z/. to flog on the breech ; to tuck the 

skirts above the knee, to ' kilt the coats ' ; to 

put in trousers. Cf. Breek. 
Breed, v. to educate, train, bring up. — n. a 

brood, a litter. 
Breed, n. bread. 

Breed, v. to resemble, take after. Cf. Braid. 
Breed, n. breadth. 
Breeder, n. brethren ; brother. 
Breeding, ». education ; good-breeding. 
Breeds, n. the pancreas. 
Breef, n. an irresistible spell. Cf. Brief. 
Breeghle, v. to waddle and bustle about 

work, like a small person ; to do little 

work with a great fuss. 
Breeghlin, n. motion with much bustle and 

little result. 
Breeid, n. a curch ; a fine linen handkerchief 

worn by married women on their heads 

with a flap hanging down their backs, 

peculiar to the Hebrides. 
Breeirs, n. eyelashes. Cf. Breears. 
Breek, n. the leg of a trouser ; in pi. trousers, 

breeches. — v. to put into breeches; to don 

the trousers ; used of female labourers : to 

tuck up the skirts to facilitate working in 

rainy weather ; to flog. 
Breek-band, v. to lay hold of the band of the 

breeches ; to wrestle. 
Breek-bandit, n. a wrestling-match. 
Breek-brother, n. a rival in love. 
Breekens, n. breeches. 
Breek-folk, n. the male sex. 
Breekies, n. a young boy's breeches. 
Breekies, n. the half-grown roe of the haddock. 
Breek-knees, n. knee-breeches. 
Breeklan, ppl. adj. shabby in appearance, in 

person, or in dress. 
Breekless, adj. without breeches, wearing a 

kilt. 



Breek-pouch 

Breek-pouch, n. trousers-pocket. 

Breekum, n. a person of short stature ; in pi. 

knee-breeches; short 'breeks.' 
Breekumstoich, n. a short, thick child in 

' breeks. ' 
Breekum trullie, it. one whose breeches do 

not fit him ; a very little boy too young to 

wear breeches. 
Breel, v. to move rapidly ; to make a noise ; 

to reel. 
Breelish, n. whisky in its strong ale stage. 
tBreells, n. spectacles ; double-jointed spec- 
tacles ; eyeglasses. 
Breem, n. broom. 

Breem, adj. keen, fierce, violent, bleak. 
Breem, v. of a sow : to desire the boar, to 

copulate. Cf. Brim. 
Breenge.z'. to move impetuously. Cf. Braindge. 
Breenging, n. a severe beating, an assault. 
Breer, Breerd, v. to sprint ; to sprout, to 

spring up, to 'braird.' — n. the first sprouting 

of a crop. Cf. Braird. 
Breer, n. a briar. 
Breerie, adj. full of briars ; sharp, smart, 

clever. Cf. Briary. 
Breers, n. the eyelashes ; in phr. ' to draw the 

breers owre ane's een,' to hoodwink one. 
Brees, n. the ' broose ' raced for at a wedding. 

Cf. Broose. 
Breese, n. sandstone chippings ; crushed 

sandstone, for strewing on the floor. 
+Breese, v. to bruise. — n. a bruise. 
Breese, ». to come on in a hurry. — n. a broil ; 

a blow, stroke. 
Breese, n. brose ; porridge made with various 

ingredients. 
Breeshle, Breesil, v. to come on in a hurry ; 

to rustle. — n. a hurried advance ; an onset ; 

a rapid descent. 
Breest, n. the breast. Cf. Breast. 
Breet, n. a brute, contemptuously applied to 

a person. 
Breeth, n. breadth. 
Breether, n. a brother ; brethren. 
Breether, n. corn in the seed-leaf. — v. to 

germinate. 
Breetner, n. an energetic worker. 
Breeze, n. crushed sandstone. Cf. Breese. 
Breeze, v. to bruise. Cf. Breese. 
Breeze, u. to come on in a hurry. — n. a blow. 

Cf. Breese. 
Breggan, u. an iron collar, for the neck of 

offenders, fastened by a chain to a wall. 
Bregwort, n. honey and ale fermented together. 

Cf. Bragwort. 
Breid, n. bread. Cf. Bread. 
Breid, v. to educate. Cf. Breed. 
Breid, v. to resemble, take after. Cf. Braid. 
Breid, adj. broad. — n. breadtli ; a breadth. 

Cf. Braid. 



54 



Bricker 



Breif, n. a spell, charm. Cf. Brief. 

Brein, v. to roar. Cf. Brien. 

Breinge, v. to move impetuously. Cf. Braindge. 

Breird, v. to sprout. Cf. Braird. 

Breird, n. the surface ; the top. 

Breist, Breistie, n. the breast. 

Breme, n. broom. 

Breme-buss, n. a simpleton. Cf. Broom-buss. 

Brenn, v. to burn. 

Brent, v. pret. and ppl. burned. 

Brent, adj. steep, difficult to ascend ; used of 

the forehead : lofty, unwrinkled ; straight, 

direct. — adv. directly, clearly. 
Brent, v. to dart or spring suddenly and 

violently or fearlessly. — n. a sudden spring 

or bound. — adv. with a spring or bound. 
Brent, n. spring (of the year). — adj. relating 

to the spring. 
Brent, n. a doorpost. 
Brent-brow, n. a smooth, high forehead. 
Brent-browed, adj. forward, impudent. 
Brent-fir, n. fir or pine dug out of bogs. 
Brenth, n. breadth. 

Brent-new, adj. quite new, ' spick and span.' 
Brenty, adj. smooth, unwrinkled. 
Bress, n. brass. 
Bress, n. the chimney-piece ; the back of the 

fireplace. Cf. Brace. 
Bressie, n. the fish wrasse or ' old wife.' 
Brest, v. to burst. Cf. Brast. 
Bretchin, n. a horse's breeching. 
Brether, Brethir, n. brothers, brethren. 
Breuk, n. a kind of boil. Cf. Bruick. 
Breuk, n. the mark on the knees of a broken- 
kneed horse. 
Breukie, n. a cant name for a smith's bellows. 

Cf. Brookie. 
Brevity, n. fine show, display. Cf. Bravity. 
Brew, n. soup, broth. Cf. Bree, Broo. 
Brew, n. a good opinion. Cf. Broo. 
Brew, v. to suspect ; to fear future evil ; to 

meditate mischief. 
Brew-ereesh, -tallon, -tauch, «. a duty paid 

formerly to a landlord for liberty to brew. 
Brewis, n. broth, pottage. 
Brewster-wife, n. a female publican. 
Brey, v. to frighten. 
Briary, adj. prickly, thorny ; sharp, clever, 

bold, restless. 
Brichen, //. breeches. 
Brich'en, v. to brighten. 
Bricht, adj. bright. 
Brichten, v. to brighten. 
Brichtie, Bricht-lintie, ;/. the chaffinch. 
Brick, n. an oblong loaf of bread of various 

sizes. 
Brick, 11. a breach ; a. distinct portion of land. 

Cf. Break. 
Brieker, n. a boy's marble made of brick-clay, 

a large marble. 



Brickit 



55 



Brickit, ppl. adj. used of sheep : parti- 
coloured. Cf. Brockit. 

Brickie, adj. brittle, fragile. Cf. Bruckle, 

Bridder, «. a brother. Cf. Bother. 

Bridal-bread, n. bread broken over a bride's 
head, and scrambled for, after the marriage. 

Bridal-potion, n. a drink formerly given at the 
' bedding ' of the bride and bridegroom. 

Bridal-wife, n. a newly-married wife. 

Bride-bed, n. the bridal-bed. 

Bride-bun, n. a wedding-cake, formerly broken 
over the bride's head. 

Bride-day, n. the wedding-day. 

Bride's-knots, «. ribbons worn at a wedding. 

Bride's-pie, n. a pie of which the contents 
were contributed by neighbours, and which 
served as a bride-cake at penny-weddings. 

Bride-stool, «. the pew in the church reserved 
for those who were to be married. 

Bridie, n. a beef or mutton pie with gravy in it. 

Bridle, n. the head of a plough ; the piece of 
iron fastened to the end of the beam of a 
plough, to which the harness is attached. — 
v. to modify ; to rope a stack, thatch a roof. 

Bridle-renzie, n. a bridle-rein. 

Bridling-ropes, n. ropes that hold down the 
thatch of a stack, &c. 

Brie, n. mphr. 'to spoil the brie,' 'to upset 
the apple-cart.' Cf. Bree. 

Brie, v. to crush, pound. — n. crushed sand- 
stone for floors, &c. 

Brie, n. the eyebrow. Cf. Bree. 

Brief, n. a spell, a charm ; a certificate, as of 
birth. 

Brief, adj. keen, clever, apt ; busy, bustling. 

Brien, v. to roar, bellow. 

Brier, n. an eyelash. 

Brier-blade, n. the sprouting blade. 

Brierd, Brier, v. to sprout. — n. the first or 
sprouting blade. Cf. Braird. 

Briest, u. to breast.— n. abreast. Cf. Breast. 

Brie-stone, n. sandstone or freestone for rub- 
bing on a door-step, &c. Cf. Brie. 

Brig, n. a bridge.— v. to bridge. 

Brigancie, n. robbery, spoliation ; brigandage. 

tBriganer, Brigander, n. a robber, brigand ; a 
rough, rude, boisterous person. 

Briggie-stones, n. a pavement of flagstones. 

Bril, n. the merry-thought of a fowl. 

Brilch, «. a short, thickset, impudent person. 

Briler, n. a particular kind of large marble. 

Brim, v. of swine : to be in heat, to copulate. 
— adj. in heat.— n. a harlot, a trull. Cf. 
Breem. 

Brim, adj. bleak, exposed to the weather. 

Brime, n. brine, pickle ; salt. 

Brimful, adj. full of sorrow or anger. 

Brimming, ppl. adj. used of a sow : in heat. 
Cf. Brumming. 

Brimstane, n. sulphur ; a term of abuse. 



Broakitness 

Brin, Brirm, n. a ray, flash, beam.— z>. to 

burn. Cf. Brenn. 
Brindal, Brindal-brasa, Brindle, n. cash, 

money. 
Bringle-brangle, n. a very confused bustle. 
Brink, n. a river's bank. 
Brinkie, Brinkum, n. a comely and lively 

person. 
Brinkie-brow, n. a nursery term for the 

forehead. 
Brinnage, n. the brunt of a fight. 
Brinth, n. breadth. Cf. Brenth. 
Brise, v. to bruise. Cf. Brize. 
Brisken, v. to refresh, make or become livelier. 
Briskie, Brisk-finch, n. the chaffinch. 
Briss, v. to bruise. Cf. Brize. 
Brissal, adj. brittle. 
Brissel-cock, n. the turkey-cock. 
Brissle, v. to broil, scorch. Cf. Birsle. 
Bristow, n. a white crystal set in a ring ; a 

Bristol diamond. 
Brit, n. a brute. 
Britchin, n. the portion of harness that 

passes round the hinder-part of a horse 

in shafts. 
Brithell, n. a bridal, marriage. Cf. Braithel. 
Brither, n. brother. — v. to match, pair ; to 

initiate into a society or guild ; with down, 

to accompany in being swallowed. Cf. 

Brother. 
Brither-bairn, ». a cousin, an uncle's child. 
Brither - dochter, n. a niece, a brother's 

daughter. 
Brither-sin, n. a nephew, a brother's son. 
Brittle, v. to render friable. — adj. shaky; on 

the verge of bankruptcy ; difficult; ticklish. 
Brittle-brattle, n. hurried motion with clatter- 
ing noise. Cf. Brattle. 
tBrize, Brizz, v. to bruise, crush, squeeze. — 

n. force, pressure. Cf. Birze. 
Brizel'd, ppl. adj. bruised. Cf. Broizle, 
Broach, n. a clasp. 
Broach, n. a flagon or tankard. 
Broach, n. a spit ; the spindle or reel on which 

newly-spun yarn is wound ; yarn so wound ; 

a narrow, pointed iron chisel for hewing 

stones. — v. to rough-hew. 
Broad-meal, n. barley-meal. 
Broadside, n. in phr. 'at a broadside,' sud- 
denly; unawares. 
Broadsome, adj. broad. 
Broak, v. to- soil with soot ; to streak with 

black or white. Cf. Brook. 
Broakie, ». a cow with a black-and-white 

face ; a person whose face is streaked with 

dirt. Cf. Brookie. 
Broakit,^*/. adj. with black and white stripes ; 

variegated ; grimy. Cf. Brookit. 
Broakitness, n. the condition of being 

'broakit.' 



Broath 

Broath, ?>. to be in a stale of perspiration. 

Cf. Broth. 
Broble, n. a sharp-pointed piece of wood to 

keep horses apart in ploughing. 
Broch, n. a narrow piece of wood or metal to 

support a stomacher. 
Broch, n. a prehistoric structure, in shape a 

circular tower, supposed to be Pictish„ 
Broch, n. a halo round the sun or moon ; the 

circle round the ' tee ' in a curling-rink. 

Cf. Brugh. 
Broch, n. a burgh, a town ; the nearest town. 

Cf. Brugh. 
Broch, adj. broken in small pieces. Cf. 

Brock. 
Brochan, n. water-gruel, thin porridge made 

of oatmeal, butter, and honey. 
Broch an' haimil, phr. proof; legal security. 

Cf. Brogh and hammel. 
Broch-dweller, n. a dweller in a 'broch'; a 

Pict. 
tBroche, n. a spit ; a spindle ; a mason's sharp- 
pointed chisel. — v . to indent with a ' broche.' 

Cf. Broach. 
Brochle, adj. lazy, indolent. — n. a lazy fellow. 
Brocht, v. pret. and ppl. brought. 
Brock, n. a badger ; an opprobrious epithet 

applied to a person. 
Brock, n. a scrap of food ; broken meats ; 

rubbish, refuse, remnants ; grass and bits 

of straw shaken out of corn after threshing. 

— v. to cut or crumble anything to shreds 

or small pieces. 
Brock, v. to work unskilfully ; to waste cloth 

in cutting. — n. work ill-done ; an unskilful 

workman. 
Brockage, n. fragments of crockery, biscuits, 

furniture, &c. 
Brockan, n. unskilful working ; the wasting of 

cloth in cutting-out. 
Brockit, ppl. adj. variegated ; with black and 

white stripes or spots. Cf. Brook. 
Brocklie, adj. brittle. Cf. Bruckle. 
Brock-skin, n. a badger's skin. 
Brod, n. a board ; a shutter ; the lid of a pot 

or kettle ; the cover or board of a book ; 

the offertory-' plate ' at the church-door ; a 

piece of wood sprinkled with rough sand, 

used for whetting a scythe. — v. to cover 

with a lid ; to put the lid on a pot, &c. 
Brod, n. a goad ; a short nail, a brad ; a 

thorn, prickle ; a stroke, stab, or push with 

a pointed instrument ; a nudge, poke. — v. 

to goad, prick, pierce ; to jog ; to poke. 
Brod, n. brood, breed. 
Broddit-staff, n. a pike-staff; a staff with a 

sharp point. Cf. Broggit-staff. 
Broddy, adj. used of a sow with a litter of 

pigs. 
tBrodequin, ;/. a half-boot. 



56 



Bron 



Brod-hen, n. a brood-hen, a sitting hen. 
Brodie, n. the fry of the rock-tangle or kettle 

codling. 
Brodmil, n. a brood. 
Brod-mother, n. a brood-hen ; the mother of 

a family. 
Brod's-mother, n. a brood-hen. 
Broe, «. broth. Cf. Bree. 
Brog, «. a coarse shoe, a brogue. 
Brog, n. a brad-awl ; a boring instrument ; 
a thrust with a stick, &c. ; a sprig-bit ; a 
poke with a boring instrument. — v. to prick, 
pierce ; to goad ; to incite. 
Brogan, n. a coarse, light kind of shoe, made 

of horse-leather. 
Broggit-staff, n. a staff with a sharp iron 

point ; a pikestaff. 
Broggle, Brogle, v. to prick. — n. a vain effort 

to strike with a pointed instrument. 
Broggle, Brogle, v. to bungle, 'botch'; to 

cobble shoes, to vamp. — n. a bungler. 
Broggler, n. one who fails to strike with a 

pointed instrument. 
Broggler, n. a bad tradesman ; a bungler. 
Brogh, n. a burgh. Cf. Broch. 
Brogh and hammel, -hammer, phr. proof, 
evidence ; legal security ; proof of legal 
possession. 
Brogue, n. a trick, an 'off- take.' 
Brogue-shod, adj. wearing brogues. 
Brogwort, ». honey and ale fermented together. 

Cf. Bragwort. 
Broigh, Broich, z-. to pant and sweat profusely. 
— n. a state of violent perspiration and 
panting. 
Broil, z-. to be very warm and perspire pro- 
fusely. — n. a state of heat and perspiration. 
Broilerie, Broillerie, n. a state of contention ; 

a struggle, broil. 
Broilyie, v. to parboil, and then roast on a 

gridiron. 
Broizle, v. to press, crush to atoms. 
Brok, n. broken meat, fragments, rubbish, 
refuse. — v. to cut, crumble, or fritter into 
shreds or small pieces. Cf. Brock. 
Broked, ppl. adj. variegated ; streaked with 

black and white. Cf. Brook. 
Broken,///, adj. bankrupt; curdled; churned; 

outlawed ; vagabond. 
Broken bottle, n. a bottle of which the 

contents have been broken upon. 
Broken men, n. outlaws ; robbers ; men sepa- 
rated from their clans through crime, &c. 
Broken-up, ppl. begun upon ; broken upon. 
Broker, n. a male flirt. 
Broil, n. a drinking-pot. 
Brollochan, n. a bivalve used for bait. 
Bron, 11. a brand or peat for burning, used as 
a torch or as a signal ; a glowing cinder. 
Cf. Brenn. 



Bronse 



57 



Brought 



Bronse, Bronze, v. to overheat one's self in a 

strong sun or too near a hot fire. 
Broo, «. broth ; juice ; liquor ; snow-water. 

Cf. Bree. 
Broo, n. inclination, liking ; good opinion. 
Broo, n. the brow ; the part of a moss out of 

which peats are cut. 
Broo-creesh, n. custom paid in tallow or 

kitchen-fee for liberty to brew. Cf. Brew- 

creesh. 
Brood, n. a. young child ; the youngest child 

of a family ; a goose that has hatched 

goslings. 
Broody, adj. prolific ; having a brood ; fruitful, 

fecund. 
Broofle, v. to be in a great hurry ; to toil and 

moil ; to be overheated by exertion. — n. 

impetuous haste. Cf. Bruffle. 
Brook, k. a heap, gathering, or ' drift ' of sea- 
ware, driven ashore. 
Brook, v. to use, possess, enjoy ; to bear a 

name ; to grace, become. Cf. Bruik. 
Brook, v. to soil with soot ; to dirty ; to 

become spotted, streaked. — ». soot adhering 

to pots, kettles, &c. 
Brookable, adj. tolerable, bearable. 
Brookie, adj. smutty, grimy, sooty, dirty. — n. 

a person whose face is smeared with dirt ; 

a blacksmith ; a cow with white hair on 

her face ; a child whose face is streaked 

with dirt. 
Brookie-face, «. a person with a face streaked 

with dirt ; a blacksmith. 
Brookie-faoed, adj. sooty, smutty, having a 

dirty face. 
Brookit, Brookt,^*/. adj. streaked with grime ; 

soiled with tears, &c. ; of cattle, sheep, 

&c. : speckled, streaked with black and 

white on the face, &c. 
Broo-lan', n. steep ground. 
Broom, v. to signal by a broom how many 

whales are taken. 
Broom-buss, n. a broom-bush ; a simpleton. 
Broom-cow, n. a broom or heather bush used 

to ' sweep ' in curling. 
Broom-deevil, -dog, n. an instrument for 

grubbing up broom, furze, &c. 
Broom-thackit, adj. thatched with broom ; 

covered with broom. 
Broon, adj. brown.— n. porter, ale. 
Broonie, n. a benevolent household sprite. 

Cf. Brownie. 
Broonie, n. a kind of wild bee. 
Broo o' maut, n. whisky. 
Broo-talloun, -tauca, n. a tax on brewing. 

Cf. Brew-creesh. 
Broose, n. a race on horseback at a country 

wedding, from the church or the bride's 
house to the bridegroom's house. 
Brooat, n. a violent forward motion ; a spring. 



Broostle, «. a state of great bustle ; an im- 
petuous forward movement. — v. to be in a 
great bustle about little, to be in a great hurry. 

Brooze, v. to browse. 

Broozle, v. to perspire greatly from exertion. 

Broozle, v. to press, squeeze, crush. Cf. 
Broizle. 

Brose, v. to toil arduously. 

Brose, n. oatmeal or peasemeal mixed with 
boiling water, milk, colewort, or the 
skimmed fat of soup, &c. ; porridge ; any 
ordinary article of food ; a meal. 

Brose-caup, n. the wooden cup in which the 
ploughman made his brose ; the ploughman 
himself. 

Brose-meal, n. meal of peas much parched, 
of which brose was made. 

Broae-time, n. supper-time. 

Brosilie, adv. in an inactive manner, sluggishly. 

Brosiness, n. semi-fluidity ; softness and con- 
sequent inactivity. 

Brosy, Brosey, adj. semi-fluid ; soft, inactive ; 
bedaubed with brose ; stoul ; well-fed. — 
n. a very fat person. 

Brosy-airt, adj. fat, inactive, heavy. 

Brosy-faced, adj. having a fat, flaccid face. 

Brosy-heidit, adj. fat, inactive, stupid. 

Brosy-mou'd, adj. fat, stupid, slow of speech. 

Brot, n. a name for the Pleiades. 

Brot, n. a rag. Cf. Brat. 

Brot, n. a tangle, muddle, bungle. — v. to 
entangle ; to quilt over ; to cobble ; to darn 
clumsily. 

Brot, Brotach, n. a quilted cloth or covering 
used to keep the back of a horse from being 
ruffled by the 'shimach,' or straw mat, on 
which the panniers are hung, being fastened 
to a pack-saddle. 

Brotag, n. the caterpillar of the drinker-moth 
or of the tiger-moth. 

Brotch, v. to plait straw-ropes round a corn- 
stack. 

Brotch, n. a clasp. Cf. Broach. 

tBrotekins, n. buskins, half - boots. Cf. 
Brodequin. 

Broth, w. in fhr. ' a broth of a sweat,' a 
violent perspiration. — v. to be in a state of 
perspiration. 

Brother, v. to inure, accustom, often by 
rough usage ; to initiate into a guild or 
citizenship, often by ludicrous means. — n. 
inurement ; rough usage ; exposure to 
rough weather. 

Brotherin, n. rough usage ; initiation, proper 
and formal, or ludicrous. 

Brottlet, n. a small coverlet. 

Brotty, adj. ragged. 

Brough, n. a halo round the sun or moon ; 
the circle round the 'tee' in a curling-rink. 
Cf. Brugh. 



Brough 



58 



Brough, n. a town, a burgh. Cf. Brugh. 
Broughan, «. water-gruel ; thin porridge. 

Cf. Brochan. 
Brouk, v. to soil with soot. Cf. Brook. 
Brow, n. a hill, a steep slope, a peat-breast. 

— v. to force ; to browbeat. Cf. Broo. 
Brow, n. liking ; favourable opinion. Cf. 

Broo. 
Browden, v. to be fond of, warmly attached ; 

to be set upon ; to pet, pamper. — adj. fond 

of, warmly attached ; petted. 
Browdened, Browdent, ppl. adj. pampered ; 

arrayed, decked. 
Browhead, n. the forehead. 
Browlies, adj. well ; in good health. Cf. 

Brawlies. 
Brown, n. ale or porter, ^-adj. used of soup : 

rich with animal juice ; discontented ; in- 
different. Cf. Broon. 
Brown-bill, n. a brown - painted halberd 

formerly borne by foot-soldiers and watch- 
men. 
Brown cow, n. a liquor-jar. 
Brown-oow'B-lick, n. hair on a child's head 

standing almost erect, and resembling the 

marks cattle make on their skins by licking 

them. 
Brown gled, n. the hen-harrier. 
Brownie, n. a benevolent household sprite. 

Cf. Broonie. 
Brownie, n. a kind of wild bee. Cf. Broonie. 
Brownie-bae, n. a benevolent ' brownie.' 
Brownie's-stone, n. an altar dedicated to a 

' brownie.' 
Brown-janet, n. a knapsack ; a musket. 
Brown-learner, n. a nut ripe and ready to fall 

from the husk. Cf. Learner. 
Brown-swallow, n. the swift. 
Brown-yogle, «. the short-eared owl. 
Browst, n. a brewing, what is brewed at a 

time; an opportunity for drinking ; a booze; 

the consequences of one's own acts ; urine. 
Browster, n. a brewer. 
Browater-wife, n. an ale-wife. 
Browten, v. to be fond of. Cf. Browden. 
Broylie, n. a broil. Cf. Bruilyie. 
Broyliement, n. a commotion. 
Brub, v. to check, restrain, oppress. 
Bruch, n. a halo round the sun or moon ; the 

circle round the ' tee ' in a curling-rink. Cf. 

Brugh. 
Bruch, n. a town, burgh. Cf. Brugh. 
Bruch, «. a prehistoric fortified structure 

credited to the Picts. Cf. Broch. 
Brucher, n. a curling-stone lying within the 

circle round the ' tee ' in a curling-rink. Cf. 

Brugher. 
Bruchle, v. with up, to muffle or wrap up a 

person untidily. — n. wrapping up. 
Bruchman, ». a burgher, citizen. 



Bruilyie 

Bruchty, adj. dirty, soot - begrimed. Cf. 
Brook. 

Brack, v. to break in pieces. — n. broken 
meats ; bits of wood ; refuse ; offals of fish, 
&c. Cf. Brock. 

Brack, v. to use, enjoy, possess ; to bear a 
name. Cf. Brook. 

Brack, v. to soil with soot ; to streak. Cf. 
Brook. 

Bruckie, adj. grimy ; speckled. — re. a black- 
smith ; a cow streaked with white. Cf. 
Brookie. 

Bruckit, ppl. adj. striped ; grimy. Cf. 
Brookit, Brockit. 

Bruckie, adj. fragile, brittle, friable ; uncer- 
tain, not to be relied on. — v. to crumble 
away. 

Bruckleness, n. the state of being ' bruckie.' 

Bruckles, re. the prickly-head carex ; the 
bent-grass. 

Bruckly, adj. brittle ; used of the weather : 
uncertain, changeable. — adv. in a brittle 
manner or state. 

Brude, n. a brood. 

Brudy, Bruddy, adj. prolific. Cf. Broody. 

Brue, n. brew ; liquor ; juice. Cf. Bree. 

Bruff, v. to clothe thickly. 

Brume, a. to be in o. great hurry ; to toil 
and moil ; to be overheated by exertion 
or excitement ; to work clumsily. — re. im- 
petuous haste ; a bungler, botcher. Cf. 
Broofie. 

Brugh, n. a halo round the sun or moon ; the 
circle round the 'tee' in a curling-rink. 

Brugh, re. a town, burgh. 

Brugh and hammer, /fo'. proof; legal security. 
Cf. Brogh and hammel. 

Brugher, re. a curling-stone lying within the 
circle round the ' tee. ' 

Brughle, v. to exert one's self violently and be 
overheated. Cf. Bruffle. 

Brughtin, Brughtin-cake, re. green cheese 
parings, . or wrought curd, kneaded with 
butter or suet, broiled in a frying-pan, and 
eaten with bread. 

Brughtins, re. an oatcake or bannock toasted, 
crumbled down, put into a pot over the fire 
with butter, and made into a sort of porridge, 
for shepherds at the Lammas Feast. 

Bruick, re. a boil, a tumour. 

Bruick-boil, re. a s\\ elling of the glands under 
the arm. 

tBruik, v. to stitch, embroider. 

Bruik, Bruick, v. to enjoy, possess. Cf. Brook. 

tBruil, Bruillie, re. a broil ; a quarrel. 

tBruilyie, Bruilzie, v. to fight ; to get engaged 
in a broil. — re. a quarrel ; a disturbance ; 
a broil. 

Bruilyie, v. to broil ; to heat ; to be in a 
ferment. 



Bruind 



59 



Bruind, v. to emit sparks. Cf. Brand. 

Bruise, v. to jam, squeeze. 

Bruistle, Bruizle, v. to bustle about ; to crush 
to atoms. — n. a bustle ; a keen chase. Cf. 
Broostle, Broozle. 

Bruke, v. to soil with soot ; to streak with 
dirt. Cf. Brook. 

Bruk-kneed, adj. broken-kneed. 

Brulie, v. to fight. Cf. Bruilyie. 

Brulyie, Brulye, Brulzie, v. to fight. — n. dis- 
turbance. Cf. Bruilyie. 

Brulyie, v. to broil ; to heat ; to be overcome 
with heat. Cf. Bruilyie. 

Brulyiement, n. a disturbance, a broil ; com- 
motion. 

Bramble, v. to make a hollow, murmuring 
sound, as rushing water. 

Brume, n. the broom. 

Brummel, Brummie, n. the blackberry, 
bramble. 

Brummel, v. to 'bramble.' 

Brummin, ppl. adj. of a sow : in heat. Cf. 
Brim. 

Brumple, «. the viviparous blenny. 

Brumstane, n. brimstone. 

Brumstane-eandle, n. a match made of brim- 
stone and paper to suffocate bees. 

Bran, n. the brow of a hill. 

Brand, n. a vestige, portion. 

Brand, v. to flash ; to emit sparks ; to see 
' stars ' owing to a heavy blow on the head ; 
used of the eye : to sparkle, to glance ; to 
be angry. — n. a brand for burning ; a spark 
of fire. 

Brung, v. pret. and ppl. brought. 

Brungle, n. o. job, trick ; a knavish piece of 
business. 

Branstane, n. brimstone. Cf. Brumstane. 

Brunstickle, n. the stickleback. 

Brunt, v. pret. burned. — ppl. burnt ; used 
of a curling-stone : illegally touched or 
played ; taken-in in a bargain ; cheated ; 
tricked. Cf. Burn. 

Brunt, adj. keen, eager, ardent. 

Brunt-crust, n. a ' played-out ' person. 

Bruntie, n. a blacksmith. 

Bruntlin, n. a burnt moor. — adj. belonging to 
a burnt moor. 

Bruse, ». the race at a wedding. — v. to strive 
in any way. Cf. Broose. 

Bruse, n. a brew-house. 

Brush, n. vigorous exercise of any kind ; 
a determined effort for a short time ; a 
struggle, tussle. 

Brush, v. to beat, thrash. 

Brush, v. with up, to smarten, 'titivate.' 

Brushie, adj. smartly dressed, fond of dress. 

Bruskness, n. brusqueness ; freedom of speech 
or manner. 

Brussen, ppl. burst. 



Buck 

Brussle, v. to rush forward in rude or dis- 
orderly fashion. — n. bustle. Cf. Broostle. 

Brust, v. to burst. Cf. Brast. 

Brusten, ppl. burst. 

Brustle, v. to dry, parch, scorch, to 'birsle.' 
Cf. Brissle. 

Brustle, v. to bustle about ; to crush to atoms. 
— n. a keen chase. Cf. Broostle. 

Brutch, n. the spindle or reel on which newly 
spun yarn is wound. Cf. Broach. 

Brutify, v. to make a beast of one's self. 

Brye, n. powdered sandstone, used for scour- 
ing. Cf. Brie-stone. 

Brylies, n. bearberries. Cf. Brawlins. 

Bryttle, v. to cut up or carve venison. 

Bu, n. a sound made to cause terror ; a bug- 
bear ; a hobgoblin. Cf. Bo. 

Bu, n. a bull. Cf. Boo. 

Bu, v. to talk noisily ; to roar ; used of cattle : 
to low. Cf. Boo. 

Buat, re. a lantern. Cf. Bouet. 

Bub, n. a blast, a gust. 

Bubbies, Bubies, re. the breasts. 

Bubblan, n. tippling, toping. 

Bubble, v. to discharge nasal mucus ; to 
'snivel,' 'blubber,' weep. — in^/.nasal mucus, 
snot. 

Bubbly, adj. dirty, tear-stained ; snotty. 

Bubbly-jock, n. a turkey-cock. 

Bubbly-nosed, adj. having a dirty, snotty nose. 

Buccar, re. a fast-sailing smuggling craft. Cf. 
Bikker. 

Buchan-sergeant, re. a skim-milk cheese. 

Buchan-vittal, re. meal consisting of two- 
thirds oats and one-third of barley ; a person 
on whom no reliance can be placed. 

Bucharet, re. the swift. 

Bucht, re. a curve, a bend, the curve of elbow 
or knee ; a coil of fishing-lines. — v. to fold 
down. Cf. Boucht. 

Bucht, re. a sheep- or cattle-fold ; a sheep-pen ; 
a house for sheep at night ; a square pew in 
a church. — v. to fold or pen sheep. Cf. 
Boucht. 

Buchted, ppl. adj. enclosed ; sheltered. 

Bucht-flake, re. a hurdle at the entrance to a 
sheep-pen. 

Buck, re. the body ; the carcass of an animal. 
Cf. Bouk. 

Buck, re. the beech-tree. 

Buck, v. to butt, push. — adv. vigorously, with 
force. 

Buck, v. of water : to gush out, pour forth ; 
to gurgle when poured from a strait- 
necked bottle. 

Buck, n. lye made from cow-dung, stale urine, 
or wood-ashes, for washing clothes. — v. to 
wash clothes in lye. Cf. Bouk. 

Buck, «. the sound made by a stone falling 
into water. — v. to gulp in swallowing. 



Buck 

Buck, n. walking over the same ground re- 
peatedly ; crowding. — v. to walk on the 
same ground repeatedly ; to crowd ; to walk 
with stately step. 

Buckalee, n. a call to negligent herd-boys, 
who allow the cows to eat the corn : 
' Buckalee, buckalo, buckabonnie, buckabo ; 
a fine bait among the corn — what for no' ? ' 

Buckan, n. the act of walking or crowding. 

Buck and crune, phr. to show extreme solici- 
tude to possess anything. 

Buckartie-boo, v. to coo as a pigeon. 

Buckaw, n. the short game which concludes 
a curling match or 'bonspiel. ' 

Buck-bean, n. the common trefoil. Cf. Bog- 
bean. 

Buck-beard, n. a hard, whitish moss found 
growing on rocks, often in the shape of a 
wine-glass or inverted cone. 

Bucker, v. to rustle ; to wear rich, rustling 
clothes ; to move or work fussily or awk- 
wardly. — n. the rustling of paper, silk, &c. ; 
noisy bustle ; annoyance ; an awkward, 
noisy person. 

Bucker, n. a name given in the west of Scot- 
land to a species of whale. 

Bucker, n. a native of Buckie in Banffshire ; 
a person from the soutli coast of the Moray 
Firth ; a boat of a special build used on the 
Moray Firth coast. 

Buckerin, ». rustling ; fuss.—///, adj. fussy, 
awkward. 

Bucket, n. a cant name for a glass of spirits. 

Bucketie, n. weavers' paste. 

Buckie, n. the sea-snail, or its shell ; any 
spiral shell ; a periwinkle ; a trifle of no 
value. 

Buckie, n. a child's rattle made of rushes. 

Buckie, n. the fruit of the wild-rose. 

Buckie, n. a smart blow or push. — v. to strike 
or push roughly ; to walk hurriedly. — adv. 
violently. 

Buckie, n. a refractory person ; a mischievous 
boy. 

Buckie, n. the hind-quarters of a hare. 

Buckiean, n. the act of striking.—///, adj. 
pushing, bouncing. 

Buckie-berries, n. the fruit of the wild-rose. 

Buckie-brier, n. the wild-rose. 

Buckie-brow, n. a projecting or beetling brow. 

Buckie-faalie, -faulie, n. the primrose. 

Buckie-ingram, n. the crab. 

Buckie-man, n. a seller of periwinkles. 

Buckie-prin, n. a periwinkle. 

Buckie-ruff, n. a wild, giddy boy ; a romping 
girl. 

Buckie-tyauve, n. a struggle ; a good-hum- 
oured struggle or wrestling-match. 

Bucking, n. the sound of water escaping 
through a narrow neck. 



60 Buffets 



Bucking-basket, n. a clothes-basket ; a buck- 
basket. 

Buckise, n. a smart stroke. — v. to beat with 
smart strokes. 

Buckle, u. a tussle, a pretended struggle. — v. 
to wrap in or round ; to bandage ; to secure, 
mend ; to marry ; to join in marriage ; to 
bend, twist, warp ; to quarrel, struggle, 
attack, meddle with ; to apply one's self to 
work. 

fBuckle, n. a curl, curliness. 

Buckle-beggar, Buckle-the-beggars, n. one 
who marries persons clandestinely or in 
irregular fashion ; a hedge-parson ; a Gretna 
Green parson. 

Buckle-horned, adj. perverse, headstrong, 
obstinate. 

Buckle-to, v. to set to work ; to join in 
marriage. 

Buckle with, v. to assail, grapple with ; to 
have the worst in an argument ; to be 
engaged in a business so as to be at a loss 
to finish it. 

Bucksturdie, adj. obstinate. 

Bucky, n. the sluice of a mill-pond. 

Bud, n. a bribe. — v. to bribe. 

Bud, Bude, v. must, had to. Cf. Boost. 

Bud-be, n. a necessary duty devolving on any 
one. 

Budden, ///. bidden, invited. 

Budder, v. to trouble, bother. 

Buddy, 11. a pet designation of a little child ; 
a 'bodie.' 

Budget, n. a workman's wallet. 

Budna, v. must not, could not, might not. 
Cf. Bud. 

Bue, v . to low as a bull. Cf. Boo. 

tBuff, v. to beat, buffet ; to strike with a soft 
substance ; to emit a dull, soporific sound ; 
to thresh corn ; to half-thresh grain ; to lose 
by a bargain. — n. a blow, buffet; a blow 
in challenge to fight ; any dull, soporific 
sound ; the sound of a blow with a soft 
substance, or of anything that falls. Cf. 
Boof. 

Buff, v. to bark gently ; to burst out laughing. 
— n. nonsense.—/?;/, an excl. of contempt 
for what another has said. Cf. Bouff. 

Buff, n. of time : a while. 

Buff, n. the skin. 

Buff, v. used of herrings : to steep salted 
herrings in water and hang them up. 

fBuff, n. a puff or blast of wind ; * fuss, out- 
cry ; an ado. 

Buffer, n. a dolt ; a ' fellow ' ; used half-con- 
temptuously, as ' chap.' 

Buffet, v. in phr. ' buffet the boar,' a boys' 
game. 

fBuffets, n. a swelling in the glands of the 
neck, mumps. 



Buffet-stool 



61 



Bull-beggar 



Buffet-stool, n. a stool with sides, like a square 

table with leaves folded down. 
fBuffie, Buffle, adj. fat, chubby; pureed; 

shaggy, dishevelled. 
Buffle, v. to confuse, perplex ; to baffle. 
tBuffle-headit, adj. large - headed ; dull of 

comprehension. 
Bufflin', ppl. adj. of boys : wandering, un- 
settled ; roving. 
Buff nor sty, phr. nothing whatever ; not the 

smallest part. 
Buft, ppl. adj. of standing corn : having the 
ears eaten by birds, or shaken by wind, or 
wasted by a prolonged harvest ; shorn ; 
half- shorn. 
Bug, v. pret. built. Cf. Big. 
Bug, «. in phr. 'let bug,' to give sign, to 'let 

on.' 
Bugaboo, n. a hobgoblin. 
Bugars, n. the rafters of a house. Cf. Bougars. 
Bugge, n. a bogey, bugbear. 
Buggen, ppl. built. Cf. Big. 
Bugger, Buggar, v. to imprecate in vile lan- 
guage. — 11. a contemptuous term used in 
vile imprecation. 
Buggery, n. in phr. ' to play buggery,' ' to 

play the mischief. ' 
Buggle, n. a bog, morass. 
Bught, n. a curve, bend ; the hollow of the 
elbow or knee ; a coil of fishing-lines ; a 
ribbon-bow. — v. to fold down. Cf. Boucht. 
Bught, n. a sheep- or cattle-fold ; a. sheep- 
pen ; a house for sheep at night ; a. square 
pew with table in a, church ; a small bag 
to hold comfits. — v. to fold or pen sheep ; 
to pen ewes for milking. Cf. Boucht. 
Bughted-glade, n. a winding glade. 
Bugle, v. of bulls : to bellow ; of cocks : to 

crow. — n. a cock's crow. 
Buick, v. pret. curtsied. Cf. Beck. 
Buik, n. the body ; size. Cf. Bouk. 
Buik, v. pret. baked. Cf. Beuk. 
Buik, n. a book ; the Bible. Cf. Beuk. 
Buik-lare, n. learning ; schooling. 
Buik-leared, adj. book-learned, educated. 
Build, v. to pile or stack sheaves or peats. 
tBuilyie, «. a quandary, perplexity. 
Buind, n. a band of reapers or peat-cutters. 

Cf. Boon. 
Buird, n. a board. 
Buirdly, adj. stalwart, goodly, fine-looking, 

well-made. 
Buise, n. a cow's stall ; a crib. Cf. Boose. 
Buise, n. in phr. ' to shoot the buise,' ? to 

'swing,' to be hanged. 
Buist, n. a box, chest ; a coffin ; a large meal- 
chest ; a. receptacle ; the match for a fire- 
lock ; a thick or gross object ; stays ; a 
bodice. — v. to enclose. 
Buist, v. pret. must, had to. Cf, Boost. 



Buist, v. to mark cattle and sheep with tar, 
to brand. — n. a branding-iron, an instru- 
ment for marking sheep ; a tar-mark of 
ownership on sheep or cattle. 
Buisting-iron, n. the instrument used in 

marking sheep, &c. 
Buist-maker, ». a coffin-maker. 
Buisty, ». a bed ; a nest ; an animal's lair. 
Buit, n. a 'buist,' a box; a firelock-match. 

Cf. Buist. 
Buit, n. a boot. 
Buith, n. a booth. 
Buittle, v. to walk ungracefully, taking short, 

bouncing steps. 
Bukat, n. a male salmon. Cf. Bykat. 
Buke, v. pret. baked. 
Buke, «. the body ; bulk. Cf. Bouk. 
Buke, n. a book ; the Bible. 
Bukk, v. to incite, instigate. 
Bukkar, n. a large, heavy-armed lugger used 

in smuggling. Cf. Bikker. 
Bukker, n. vexation, annoyance. 
Bulb, Bulboch, n. a disease of sheep causing 

them to drink until they swell and burst. 
Bulch, «. a stout person or animal. Cf. Bilch. 
Bulder, n. a loud gurgling noise ; a bellowing. 
— v. to make a gurgling sound as of water 
rushing to and fro in the cavity of a rock, 
or passing through a narrow pipe which 
emits an echo ; to gush out ; to bellow. 
Bule, v. to weep. Cf. Bool. 
Bule, n. the curved handle of a pot. Cf. Bool. 
Bulf, Bulfart, ». a fat, pursy person ; a fat 

child. 
Bulfie, adj. dull, stupid. — n. a stout, fat boy; 

used as a nickname for such a boy. 
Bulfin, n. a very stout person. 
Bulgan's Day, n. July 4th, the feast of St 

Martin. Cf. Bullion's Day. 
Bulger, n. a boy's large marble. 
Bulk, v. to play marbles. 
Bulker, n. the puffin. Cf. Bouger. 
Bulkie, n. a game in which marbles are placed 
in a row, and each player has two chances. 
Bulkie, n. a policeman. 
Bulkish, adj. bulky. 
Bull, n. the bar or beam of a harrow. 
Bull, n. mphr. 'the black bull of Norroway,' 
an imaginary monster. — v. to desire the 
bull ; to serve a cow ; with in, to swallow 
hastily. 
Bulla, n. a brother ; a comrade. Cf. Billy. 
Bullace, n. an axe. 
Bullament, n. odds and ends of any kind. 

Cf. Bulyiement. 
Bullax, n. a hatchet. 

Bullax-vright, n. a clumsy, unskilful wright. 
Bull-beef, n. in phr. 'as proud as bull-beef,' 

proud, conceited. 
Bull-beggar, «. a scarecrow. 



Bull-daisy 



62 



Bull-daisy, n. a wild orchis. 

Bailer, v. to make a gurgling or rattling noise ; 
to stutter in speech ; to gush out ; to bellow, 
roar. — n. a loud, gurgling noise ; a bellow- 
ing. Cf. Bulder. 

Bullet, n. a boulder. 

Bullet-stane, ». a round stone, used as a 
bullet for throwing along the highway in 
the game of ' lang bullet.' 

Bull-fit, n. a swift ; a martin. 

Bull-french, n. a bullfinch. 

Bull-head, ». a tadpole. 

Bullie, n. the bullfinch. 

Bullie, v. to speak, call, or weep loudly. — n. 
a loud cry, weeping, roaring. Cf. Bool. 

Bulliean, n. a loud raising of the voice. 

Bulligrubs, n. a colic. 

Bulliheisle, Bulliheizilie, Bulliehislee, n. a 
boys' game, in which it is attempted to 
throw on the ground all the boys standing 
close in a line ; a scramble ; a squabble. 

^Bullion's Day, n. July 4th, the translation of 
St Martin. 

Bullister, n. a sloe-bush ; the wild plum, the 
bullace. 

Bulliwan, n. the stalk of a dock. 

Bull-maill, n. fee for the service of a bull. 

Bull-neck, n. an onion that does not bulb, but 
grows like a leek. 

Bull of the bog, n. the bittern. 

Bull's bags, it. any tuberous orchis supposed 
to be aphrodisiac. 

Bull-seg, n. any tuberous orchis. 

Bull-seg, n. a bulrush ; the great cat-tail. 

Bull-segg, n. a castrated bull. 

Bull's grass, n. the goose-grass. 

Bull's head, ». an ancient signal of execution 
brought in at a feast. 

Bull-stirk, n. a young bull. 

Bullyrag, v. to scold vigorously ; to hector ; 
to haggle ; to wrangle. 

Bullyraggle, u. a noisy, abusive wrangle. 

Bulmie, n. any large edible root. 

Bulrash, ». a bulrush. 

Bult, v. to push violently, jolt ; to butt. 

Bui tin', ppl. adj. used of a cow : apt to butt. 

Bulty, adj. bulky, large. 

Bulwand, n. the bulrush ; the common mug- 
wort. 

Bulwaver, v. to go astray. Cf. Bellwaver. 

tBulyiement, n. clothing, habiliments ; odds 
and ends. Cf. Habiliments. 

tBulyon, n. » crowd, a collection ; 'boiling.' 
Cf. Boiling. 

Bum, n. the bottom. 

Bum, ». a term of contempt for a big, dirty, 
lazy woman. 

Bum, v. to hum like a top ; to buzz like a 
bee, &c. ; to spin a top, to make it hum ; 
to drone, to make a sound like the bagpipe 



Bumming-duff 

or big bass fiddle ; to be glad ; to sing ; to 
read in a droning, indistinct manner ; to 
sing or play badly ; to cry, to weep. — n. 
the hum of bees, tops, &c. ; the hum of 
conversation ; the noise in a busy street ; 
an indistinct or droning reader ; a singer 
or player without taste or skill. 

Bum, v. to strike, knock ; to throw away 
carelessly. 

Bu-man, n. a nursery bogey ; a hobgoblin ; 
the devil. 

Bumbaze, v. to confound, bewilder, stupefy. 

Bumbee, n. a humble- or bumble-bee. 

Bumbee-byke, n. a nest of ' bumbees.' 

Bumbee-looking, adj. looking like a 'bumbee.' 

Bumbeleery-buzz, n. a sound made by chil- 
dren, when they see cows ' startling,' to 
incite them to greater speed. 

Bumble, v. to bungle. Cf. Bummil. 

Bumble-kite, 11. a blackberry. 

Bum-bumming, n. a continuous humming 
sound. 

Bum-clock, n. a humming, flying beetle. 

Bumfle, n. a large pucker. — v. to pucker. 

Bum-fly, n. a stout, pursy person. 

Bum-fodder, ». toilet-paper, ' curl-paper.' 

Bum-leather, n. the skin of the buttocks. 

Bumler, Bummeler, n. a bungler. 

Bumling, n. the humming noise of a bee. 

Bumlock, Bumlack, n. a small, prominent, 
shapeless stone ; anything that endangers 
one's falling or stumbling. 

Bummack, n. the brewing of malt to be drunk 
at once at a merry-making. 

Bumman, Bumming, n. reading or talking in 
a drawling, indistinct manner ; singing or 
playing badly. — ppl. adj. weeping, given 
to weeping ; chicken-hearted. 

Bummer, n. a blundering, drawling reader ; 
a bad singer or player on an instrument ; a 
managing, officious person ; a head-man, 
manager ; one given to weeping. 

Bummer, n. a bumble-bee ; a bluebottle-fly ; 
any buzzing insect ; a great boaster ; an 
empty, foolish talker ; a thin piece of 
serrated wood attached to a string, used by 
children swinging it to give out a booming 
sound ; a boy s peg-top that ' bums ' loudly 
when spinning. 

Bummie, ». a stupid fellow, fool ; a bumble- 
bee. 

Bummie-bee, n. a bumble-bee. 

Bummil, Bummie, v. to bungle ; to read or 
sing indistinctly and badly ; to bustle about, 
work busily ; to weep, ' blubber.' — n. a wild 
bee ; a drone ; an idle fellow ; a bungler ; 
a clumsy, heavy person ; clumsy work ; low, 
blundering reading ; one who reads, sings, 
or plays without skill or taste. 

Bumming-duff, n. a tambourine. 



Bummler 



Btumnler, n. a bungler, blunderer. 

Bump, n. a stroke ; a swelling caused by a 
blow or fall. — v. to initiate into burgess- 
ship, &c, by bumping a person's buttocks 
against a stone or post. Cf. Burgess. 

Bump, v. to boom like a bittern. 

Bumper, v. to fill to the brim ; to drink healths 
in a bumper. 

Bumphle, v. to pucker. Cf. Bumfle. 

Bum-pipe, n. the dandelion. 

Bumplefeist, n. a sulky humour ; a fit of 
spleen. Cf. Amplefeyst. 

Bumpy, n. the buttocks. 

Bumpy-coat, -jacket, n. one reaching only 
to the buttocks. 

Bumshot, adj. said of those whose plot gives 
way with them. 

Bum-speal, n. a ' speal ' of wood, notched on 
both sides, with a string at the end for 
whirling round in the air. Cf. Bummer. 

Bum-whush, «. perdition, ruin ; obscurity ; 
annihilation. 

Bun, n. a cake baked with flour, dried fruits, 
and spices, used about the New Year, and 
known also as 'sweetie loaf.' 

Bun, 11. the core of flax, the dry stalky part of 
flax or hemp. Cf. Boon. 

Bun, n. a rabbit ; the tail of a rabbit ; the 
seat, the posteriors. 

Bun, n. a large cask in which water is carted 
from a distance. 

Bun, Bund, v. pret. and ppl. bound. 

Bun-briest, n. a wooden bed. 

Bunce, n. a schoolboy's claim to the half of 
anything he finds ; a bonus, dividend. 

Bunch, 11. an awkward-looking woman or girl. 

Bunch, v. to hobble, walk clumsily, used of 
squat or corpulent persons. — n. a blow, 
push, punch ; the line from which a start in 
a race is made ; the point from which one 
jumps in ' leap-frog.' 

Bunching, ppl. adj. showy in dress or manner ; 
of an imposing appearance. 

Bunder, n. a bang ; » sudden, heavy fall ; a 
battering sound. 

Bundle, v. to sleep together without undressing 
in the same bed or couch, an old form of 
courting ; to live in concubinage. 

Bundling, n. the practice of sweethearts sleep- 
ing together in their clothes. 

Bund-sack, n. a person engaged, or under 
promise of marriage. 

Bundweed, Bunweed, n. the ragweed. 

Bune, n. the worthless part of a stalk of flax. 
Cf. Boon. 

Bunemost, adj. uppermost. Cf. Boonmost. 

Buner, adj. upper. 

Bunewand, «. the cow-parsnip ; the dock. 

Bung, adj. tipsy, fuddled. — v. to make tipsy. 

Bung, v. to throw with force ; to get in a 



63 Burd 

passion ; to bang ; to walk quickly and 

proudly; to incur displeasure. — n. a blow, 

crash, bang ; bad temper, » pet ; offence. 

Cf. Bang. 
Bung, v. to emit a booming or twanging sound, 

as when a stone is slung. — n. the sound 

thus made ; the act of slinging a stone. 
Bung, n. an old, worn-out horse. 
Bung, n. the instep of a shoe. 
Bung-fu', adj. quite intoxicated. 
Bungie, adj. tipsy. Cf. Bungy. 
Bung-tap, n. a humming-top. 
Bungy, adj. petulant, testy, 'huffy.' 
Bungy, adj. tipsy, fuddled ; full to the bung. 
Bunjel, n. a bundle of hay, straw, &c. Cf. 

Banyel. 
Bunk, n. a chest which serves for a seat. 

Cf. Benk. 
Bunker, Bunkart, n. an earthen seat in the 

fields ; a roadside bank ; a large heap of 

stones, &c. ; the desk of a schoolmaster 

or precentor ; an inequality in the surface of 

ice ; a small sand-pit. 
Bunker, n. a. country dance. 
Bunkle, n. a stranger. 
Bunnel, Bunnle, it. ragwort ; cow-parsnip. 
Bunnerts, n. cow-parsnip. 
Bunnet, n. a boy's cap. 
Bunshie, adj. fat, plump. 
Bunsucken, adj. used of a farm : bound to 

have all the corn grown on it ground at a 

particular mill. 
Bunt, 11. the tail of a horse or rabbit. Cf. 

Bun. 
Bunt, v. to hurry, run away ; to provide for, 

look after, attend ; to forage. ■ 

Buntin, adj. short and thick, plump. — n. a 

short, thickset person. Cf. Buntlin. 
Buntin-crab, n. a crab-apple. 
Bunting-lark, n. the common or corn bunting. 
Buntlin, n. the blackbird ; the corn bunting. 
Buntlin, adj. short and thickset, plump. — «. 

a dwarf. Cf. Buntin. 
Buntling, n. a bantling. 
Buntling-lark, n. the corn-bunting. 
Bunty, n. a cock or hen without a tail. 
Bunwand, n. the cow-parsnip ; the dock. 

Cf. Bunewand. 
Bunweed, n. ragweed. Cf. Bundweed. 
Bunyel, n. a beggar's old bags. Cf. Bunjel. 
Bunyoch, n. diarrhoea. 

Buoy, v. used of smells : to rise up, swell up. 
Bur, n. a fir-cone. 
tBurble, v. to purl ; to bubble or boil up, like 

water from a spring. — n. a ' bell ' or bubble 

on water ; purling, a purl. 
Burble, n. perplexity, trouble, disorder. — v. 

to perplex, trouble. 
Burble-headed, adj. stupid, confused. 
Burd, n. a table. Cf. Board. 



Burd 

Burd, «. a maiden ; a young lady. 

Burd, n. offspring, in a bad sense ; an un- 

weaned seal. Cf. Bird. 
Burd alane, adj. quite alone. — n. the only 

surviving child of a family. 
Burden, n. the drone of a bagpipe. Cf. 

Burdoun. 
Burdenable, adj. burdensome. 
Burden-carrier, n. a carrier of wood. 
Burdenous, adj. burdened. 
Burdie, n. a small bird ; a term of endear- 
ment or of irony, used to a young man or 

woman. 
Burdiehouae, n. in phr. 'gang to Burdie- 

house,' used by old people to those with 

whose conduct or language they are, or 

pretend to be, displeased. 
Burdinseck, n. a law whicli forbade capital 

punishment for theft of a calf or sheep, or 

so much meat as one could carry in a sack 

on his back. Cf. Berthinsek. 
Burdit,^*/. used of stones : split into laminae. 
Burdliness, n. stateliness. 
Burdly, adj. stately, stalwart. Cf. Buirdly. 
Burd-mou'd, adj. unwilling to scold ; gentle 

in fault-finding. 
Burdocken, n. the burdock. 
tBurdoun, n. the drone of a bagpipe. 
Bure, n. a loose woman. 
Bure, v. pret. bore. 

Bouregh, v. to crowd together. Cf. Bourach. 
Burgess, v. in ' riding the marches ' of a 

burgh, to make burgesses by bumping them 

on a stone. Cf. Bump. 
B urges-thread, n. flaxen thread. 
Burg-hall, n. a town-hall. 
Burgher, n. a member of the Secession Church 

who upheld the lawfulness of the burgess 

oath. 
Burg of ice, «. whalefishers' name for an ice- 
field afloat. 
Burgonet, n. a linen cap or coif. Cf. Biggonet. 
Burg-toon, n. a burgh. 
Burial-boding, n. a death-warning. 
Burial-bread, n. cakes, &c, partaken at a 

funeral ' service. ' 
Burian, n. a mound, tumulus ; a kind of 

fortification ; a prehistoric camp. 
Buried,///, adj. obsolete. 
tBurio, Burrio, n. an executioner. Cf. 

Bourrier. 
Burlaw, n. a court of neighbours in a district 

to settle local disputes, &c. Cf. Birlie. 
Burlaw-baillie, n. the officer of the ' burlaw '- 

court. 
Burley-braoks, n. the game of ' hide-and-seek ' 

played in a stackyard. Cf. Barley-breaks. 
Burley-whush, n. an obsolete game of ball. 
Burlins, n. bread burned in the oven in 

baking. 



64 



Burrian 



Burly, n. a crowd, a tumult. 
Burly, adj. thick, rough, strong. 
Burly-baillie, n. the officer of the ' burlaw '- 

court. 
Burly-headit, adj. of rough appearance. 
Burly-man, n. a member of the ' burlaw '• 

court. Cf. Burlaw. 
Burly-twine, n. strong, coarse twine, some- 
what thicker than packthread. 
Burn, n. a brook ; water from a fountain or 

well ; water used in brewing ; the brew 

itself; urine. 
Burn, v. to deceive ; to cheat in a bargain ; 

to suffer in any effort ; to derange the game 

of curling by improper interference. Cf. 

Brunt. 
Burn-airn, n. s. branding-iron. 
Burn-becker, n. the water-ouzel ; the water- 
wagtail. 
Burn-blade, n. a large, broad-leaved plant 

growing on the banks of ' burns.' 
Burnbrae, n. a slope with a ' burn ' at its foot. 
Burnewin, n. a blacksmith. Cf. Burn-the- 

wind. 
Burn-grain, n. a small ' burn ' flowing into a 

larger one. 
Burnie-baker, ». the water-ouzel. Cf. Burn- 
becker. 
Burning beauty, n. a very beautiful person. 
Burning-water, n. marine phosphorescence. 
Buraist, v. pret. andpp/. burnished, polished; 

decorated. 
Burn-sae, n. a water-butt carried by two 

persons on a pole resting on their shoulders. 
Bumside, n. ground at the side, of a 'burn.' 
Burn-the-water, phr. to ' leister ' salmon by 

torchlight. 
Burn-the-wind, 11. a blacksmith. 
Burnt-nebbit, -tae'd, adj. used of 'tawse'- 

having the ends hardened in the fire. 
Burn-wood, n. firewood. 
Burr, n. a stout, strong, thickset person of 

stubborn temper; the sea-urchin. 
Burr, n. the tongue of a shoe ; the edge of the 

upper leather. 
Burr, v. to make a whirring sound in the 

throat in pronouncing the letter ' r.' 
Burrach'd, ///. enclosed, encircled. Cf. 

Bourach. 
Burran, n. the act of sounding the letter 'r' 

in the throat. 
Burran, n. a badger. 
Burrel, n. a barrel. 
Burrel, n. a. hollow piece of wood used in 

twisting ropes. 
Burrel-ley, -rig, n. land of an inferior kind, 

where there wns only a narrow ridge 

ploughed, and a large strip of barren land 

lay between every ridge. 
Burrian, v. the red-throated diver. 



Burrie 65 

Burrie, v. to push roughly ; to crowd confusedly 
and violently ; to overpower in working or 
in striving at work. — n. crowding ; a rough 
push ; a children's game. — adv. roughly. 

Burroch, n. a band put round the hinder-legs 
of a cow when she is being milked to keep 
her from kicking. — v. to fasten such a band 
on a cow. 

Burrochit, ppl. adj. restrained. 

Burrochless, adj. wild ; intractable ; without 
restraint. 

Burrow, n. a burgh. 

Burrows, n. security, ' caution. ' Cf. Borrow. 

-(-Bursar, n. one who holds a scholarship at 
school or college. 

tBursary, n. a scholarship at school or college. 

Bursen, ppl. adj. dainty about food, as if 
already surfeited ; burst ; breathless ; panting 
from overexertion ; overpowered by fatigue. 

Bursen-beleh, «. a person breathless from 
corpulence. 

Bursen-kirn, ». such a laborious harvest that 
all the grain is not cut before sunset. 

Burss-money, n. a 'bursary.' 

Burst, v. to overfeed ; to fill to excess ; to be 
breathless, overheated, and exhausted from 
great exertion. — n. injury from overexer- 
tion ; an outburst of drinking. 

Bursted-churn, n. 3 ' bursen-kirn. ' 

Bursten, ppl. adj. burst ; breathless from 
exertion, overfatigue. 

Burstin, n. grain dried over the fire. 

Burth, n. a counter-current in a bay, caused 
by the tidal current outside. 

Burth, n. birth. 

Burthen, n. <x stone in curling so retarded by 
touching another as to become harmless. 

Bur-thriBtle, «. the spear-thistle. 

Burying, «. a funeral. 

Bus, n. a call to cattle to stand still in the stall. 

Buse, n. a cow's stall, a crib. — v. to enclose 
cattle in a stall. Cf. Buise. 

Buse-airn, n. a marking-iron, for sheep. Cf. 
Boost. 

Bush, v. to sheathe, to enclose in a metal 
case ; to fit a metal lining to a cylindrical 
body, to put on an iron ring or 'bush.' — n. u. 
ring inserted to prevent the effect of friction. 

Bush, v. to place bushes on fields to prevent 
poachers from netting partridges. 

Bush, v. to burst or gush out. 

Bush, v. to move about briskly ; to tidy up. 

Bush, int. expressive of a rushing sound, as 
of water rushing out. 

Bushel, n. a small pond, a dam made in a 
gutter to intercept water. 

Bushel-breeks, n. wide, baggy trousers. 

Busheries, n. clumps of bushes. 

Bush-rope, n. the rope to which the nets of a 
drift are attached. 

5 



Butgif 

Busht, n. a box. Cf. Boist. 

Bushty, n. a small bed. Cf. Buisty. 

Busk, v. to make ready ; to dress, deck, 
adorn ; to dress flies for fishing. — n. dress, 
decoration. 

Busker, n. one who dresses another. 

Buskie, adj. fond of dress, smart. 

Buskie, adj. bushy. 

Buskin, n. dressing. 

Buskry, n. dress, decoration. 

Buss, n. a bush ; straw, &c. , used as litter for 
animals or material for birds' nests ; a sunken 
rock on which at very low tides seaweed is 
visible, like a bush ; a clump or tussock of 
rushes, &c. ; a pouting or sulking mouth. 

Buss, v. to dress, ' busk ' ; to dress hooks. 

Buss, n. cant name for a ' bursary ' or 
scholarship. 

Bussard, n. a class of carnations. 

Bussie, adj. bushy. 

Bussin, n. a linen cap or hood, worn by old 
women. 

Bussing, n. covering. 

Bussie, n. bustle. 

Buss-sparrow, n. the hedge-sparrow. 

Buss-taps, n. in phr. to ' gang o'er the buss- 
taps,' to behave extravagantly. 

Bust, v. to powder, to dust with flour. 

Bust, u. to beat. 

Bust, n. a box, a chest. Cf. Boist. 

Bust, n. a. stall, crib. — v. to enclose cattle in 
a stall. Cf. Boose, Buse. 

Bust, n. the tar-mark on sheep. Cf. Buist. 

Bust, v. had to, must. Cf. Boost. 

Busteous, adj. boisterous, powerful, fierce, 
terrible. 

Bustiam, Bustian, Bustine, Bustin, n. fustian ; 
a cotton fabric used for waistcoats. 

Bustle, v. to toast. Cf. Birsle. 

Bustuous, Bustyious, adj. boisterous, fierce. 
Cf. Busteous. 

But, p-ep. without, outside. — adv. out, outside 
of, in the outer room or kitchen. — n. the 
outer room or kitchen of a two-roomed 
cottage. — adj. outer, outside; pertaining to 
the ' but ' or kitchen of a cottage. 

But, n. an impediment ; an ' if. ' 

But, conj. unless, nothing but ; except, save 
only. — adv. verily, certainly ; used redun- 
dantly for emphasis. 

But, v. must, had to. Cf. Bood. 

But-a-hoose, n. the kitchen-end of a house. 

But and, phr. besides ; as well as ; and also. 

But and a ben, «. a two-roomed cottage. 

But and ben, adv. from the ' but ' to the ' ben,' 
and vice versd ; backwards and forwards. 

Butch, v. to act as butcher, to be a butcher ; 
to kill for the market. 

tButer, n. the bittern. 

But gif, But gin, conj. but if. 



But-hoose 66 

But-hoose, n. the kitchen, the outer room. 

Butt, n. ground set apart for archery ; the 
distance between a player and the goal or 
target in playing marbles, &c. 

Butt, n. a piece of ground which in ploughing 
does not form a proper ridge, but is ex- 
cluded as an angle ; a small piece of land 
disjoined from adjacent lands. 

Butt, n. the bottom of a sheaf or stack. 

Butt, n. the part of tanned hides of horses 
which is under the crupper. 

Butt, v. used in curling : to drive at one or 
more stones lying near the ' tee ' so as to 
remove them. 

Butteu, prep, without. 

Butter, v. to coax, flatter. — n. flattery, ful- 
some praise. 

Butter-and-bear-caff, n. phr. gross flattery. 

Butter-bake, n. a biscuit made with butter. 

Butter-boat, n. a small table-dish for serving 
melted butter. 

Butter-brughtins, n. an oatcake or bannock 
toasted, crumbled down, cooked in a pot 
with butter, and made into a sort of por- 
ridge. Cf. Brughtins. 

Butter-clocks, n. small pieces of butter floating 
on the top of milk. 

Butter-crock, n. a butter-jar. 

Butter-dock, n. the broad-leaved dock. 

Butter-fish, n. a species of the blenny. 

Butter-groat, n. a farmer's wife's perquisite 
of butter-money. 

Butterie, adj. used of the tongue : plausible, 
flattering for selfish ends. 

Butter-luck, n. an expression used as a charm 
in butter-making. 

Buttermilk-gled, n. a bird of the falcon tribe. 

Butter-saps, n. oatcake or wheaten bread 
soaked in melted butter and sugar. 

Butter-wife, n. a woman who sells butter. 

Buttery, n. a butterfly. 

Buttery-fingers, n. a person who lets things 
slip from the fingers. 

Buttery -Willie -Collie, n. a nickname for 
an undergraduate of Aberdeen University, 
especially in his first session, when his scarlet 
gown is new. 

Buttle, n. a sheaf, bundle of corn, &c. Cf. 
Battle. 

Buttlins, n. the battlements of a tower or 
steeple. Cf. Bittlins. 

Buttock, n. the remainder, end ; the bottom. 

Buttock-mail, n. the fine formerly imposed 
by a kirk session in a case of fornication. 

Button, n. in pi. the boys' game played with 
buttons aimed at a 'mote.' 

Button-mouse, «. small field-mouse. 

Buttons and buttonholes, adv. phr. entirely, 
completely. 

Buttony, n. a children's game in which the 



By-hours 



players, with eyes shut and palms open, 
guess who has received a button from another 
player who passes along the line in which 
they stand. 

Butt'rie, n. a butterfly. Cf. Buttery. 

Butts, n. used of children : intimate com- 
panions. 

Butty, n. an intimate companion ; a fellow- 
workman. 

Butwards, adv. towards the ' but ' of a 
cottage or the outer part of a room. 

Bux, v. to hurry, bustle. 

Buy, v. in phr. 'to buy a broom,' to take out 
a warrant. 

Buzzard, n. a bluebottle. 

Buzzard-hawk, n. the buzzard. 

Buzzle, v. used of grain crops : to rustle when 
touched in the 'stook,' indicating readiness 
to be carted home. — n. the rustling sound 
emitted by a sheaf ready for the stack. 

By, prep, beyond ; by the side of; judging 
from ; relating to, in comparison with ; 
from ; against, except ; out of ; besides, 
over and above. 

By, conj. by the time that. 

By, Bye, adj. lonely, out-of-the-way ; in com- 
bination with up, down, in, near, out owre, 
denoting locality not far off ; past ; ' done 
for'; finished off. — adv. aside, out of the 
way. 

Byaak, v. to bake. 

Byach, int. a meaningless excl. 

Byass, n. bias. 

Byauch, n. any small living creature. 

By-bit, n. an extra bit ; a ' snack ' between 
meals. 

By-blow, n. an illegitimate child. 

By-board, n. a side-table, a sideboard. 

By-body, n. one who procrastinates. 

By-comin', n. passing by. 

By-common, adj. extraordinary, out of the 
common. — adv. extraordinarily. 

By-courting, n. courting on the sly. 

By-east, adv. towards the east. 

Bye-attour, conj. moreover. 

Byehand, adv. over, past. 

Byeless, adv. unusually, extraordinarily. 

By-end, n. a sinister end ; a side-issue. 

Byes, prep, compared with. Cf. By's. 

By-gaein, -ganging, -gawn, ». passing by; 
with in, incidentally. 

Bygane, n. the past.— adj. past, gone by. 

By-gate, n. a byway. 

By-hands, adj. casual, accidental ; underhand, 
devious.— adv. finished, settled ; over. Cf. 
Byehand. 

By himself, phr. out of his mind. 

By-hours, n. extra time, odd hours ; time not 
allotted to regular work ; overtime ; leisure 
hours. 



Bykat 

Bykat, n. a male salmon. Cf. Beiket. 

Byke, n. a bees' or wasps' nest. Cf. Bike. 

Byke, n. the nose, 'beak.' 

Byke, n. the hook of the crook by which pots 
are hung over a fire. Cf. Bike. 

Byke, v. to weep, whine, sob. 

Byle, n. a boil. 

Bynall, n. a tall, lame person. 

By-name, n. a nickname, sobriquet ; ' to- 
name. ' 

By-neuk, «. an out-of-the-way corner. 

By-oeht, adj. used of something almost im- 
possible or inconceivable. 

By one's sell, phr. distracted, demented. 

By-ordinar', adj. out of the common. — adv. 
extraordinarily. 

Byous, adj. extraordinary, remarkable. — adv. 
very, in a great degree. 

Byouslie, adv. uncommonly, extraordinarily, 
remarkably; very. 

Byoutour, n. a gormandiser, a glutton. Cf. 
Bootyer. 

Byowtifu', adj. beautiful. 

Byowty, n. beauty. 

By-pit, n. a makeshift ; a slight repast between 
meal-times ; a pretence, an ' off-put ' ; one 
who procrastinates ; a pretender. 

By-pitting, adj. procrastinating ; pretending. 

By random, adv. at random. 



67 Cabbracb. 



Byre, n. a cowhouse. 

Byre-man, n. the man who attends to farm 
cattle. 

Byre-time, n. the time for bringing cows to the 
' byre ' for milking, &c. 

Byre-woman, n. the woman who attends to 
the cows on a farm. 

Byruns, n. arrears. 

Bj^s, Byse, prep, compared with ; besides, in 
addition to. Cf. Beis. 

Bysenful, adj. disgusting. 

Bysenless, adj. worthless, shameless. 

By-set, n. a substitute. 

By-shot, n. one who is set aside for an old 
maid. 

By-spell, Byspale, n. one who has become a 
byword for anything remarkable ; an illegiti- 
mate child. — adv. exceedingly, remarkably. 

Byssum, n. contemptuous term for a woman 
of unworthy character. Cf. Besom. 

By-stand, n. a stand-by. 

By-start, n. a bastard. 

By-staxt-born, adj. illegitimate. 

By-table, n. a side-table, a sideboard. 

By-time, n. extra or leisure time, odd hours. 

By token, phr. an expression introducing a 
confirmatory statement. 

By-whiles, adv. now and then, at times. 

By-word, n. a proverb, a proverbial saying. 



Ca, 11. a mountain-pass, a defile. 

Ca', n. quick, oppressive breathing. Cf. Caw. 

Ca', n. a call ; a summons by voice or instru- 
ment ; a whistle, pipe ; occasion, need, 
obligation ; a passing visit ; the right to 
call on the next performer ; the sound of 
the sea before or after a storm ; the call 
to die ; an invitation to be minister of a 
particular congregation. — v. to call, name ; 
to abuse, scold, call names ; with again, to 
contradict, retort ; yi'ith. for or with, to pay 
a visit. 

Ca', v. to drive cattle, vehicles, tools, machinery, 
&c. ; to hammer, knock ; to overturn ; to 
move rapidly ; to submit to be driven ; with 
about, to spread a report, &c. — n. a knock ; 
of water : the motion of waves as driven by 
the wind ; a walk for cattle, a district in 
which cattle pasture; a drove of sheep; a 
strip of ground left open for cattle going to 
a common pasture. 

Ca\ v. to calve. — n. a calf; a silly, foolish 
person. 

Caa, v. to drive ; to hammer. Cf. Ca'. 

Caa, v. to call ; to name. Cf. Ca'. 

Caaing, n. the driving of whales into shallow 
water ; a drove of whales. 

Caaing- whale, n. the Delphinus deductor. 



Caak, u. to cackle as a hen ; to talk noisily. 
Caar, adj. left, left-handed. Cf. Car. 
Caar-cake, n. a cake baked with eggs for 

Fastern's Eve. Cf. Car-cake. 
Caa-tee, n. a great disturbance, a driving 

together, or to and fro, of people. 
Cab, v. to pilfer ; to snatch by underhand means. 
Cabal, n. a group of drinkers ; a violent dis- 
pute. — v. to dispute ; to quarrel ; to find 

fault with. Cf. Cabbie. 
Cabarr, n. a lighter, a ' gabert. ' 
Cabback, n. a cheese. Cf. Kebbock. 
Cabbage-daisy, n. the globe-flower. 
Cabbage-fauld, n. a place where cabbage is 

grown. 
Cabber, n. an old lean horse. Cf. Cabre. 
Cabbie, n. a box made of laths, which claps 

close to a horse's side, and is narrow at the 

top to prevent the corn in it from being 

spilled. 
Cabbie, n. a violent dispute. — v. to quarrel ; 

to dispute ; to find fault with. 
Cabbrach, adj. rapacious ; lean. — n. lean 

meat ; meat unfit for use ; a disagreeable 

person as to temper and manners ; a big, 

uncouth, greedy person. 
Cabbrach, Cabrach-sweetie, n. a box on the 

ears. 



Cabelow 



68 



tCabelow, n. salted fish. Cf. Kabbelow^, 

Caber, Cabre, n. a large, heavy pole for toss- 
ing at aLhletic contests ; a beam ; a rafter; a 
large stick, a ' rung ' ; in pi. the small wood 
laid on the rafters under the roofing; the 
transverse beams on a kiln, on which grain 
is laid for drying ; the thinnings of young 
plantations. 

Cabre, n. an old, lean, useless animal. 

Cabroch, Cabrach, adj. lean, meagre ; used of 
meat : unfit to use. Cf. Cabbrach. 

Cache, v. to shake, knock about. — n. a shake, 
jog. Cf. Cadge. 

Cack, v. used of children : to void excrement. 
— n. human excrement. 

Cacker, n. the calker of a horseshoe ; the 
iron shod of a clog or shoe. 

Cackie, v. to ' cack. — n. in pi. human excre- 
ment. 

Ca'd, v. pret. and ppl. called. 

Ca'd, v. pret. drove.— ppl. driven. 

Caddel, n. caudle, a warm drink. 

tCaddie, n. a cadet ; an errand-boy ; a street- 
porter ; a young fellow ; a golfer's attendant. 

Caddis, n. shreds ; rags ; cotton-wool ; sur- 
geon's lint ; a pledget. 

Caddie, n. a set of four cherry-stones in the 
game of ' papes ' ; a couple of cherry-stones. 
Cf. Castle, Caugle. 

Caddie, v. to move violently. — n. a disordered, 
broken mass. — adv. in a disordered, broken 
mass. 

Cadge, v. to shake roughly ; to knock about. 
— n. a shake, jog. 

Cadge, v. to carry. 

Cadgell, v. to carry roughly. — n. a wanton 
fellow, a rake. 

Cadger, n. a carrier ; a person of disagreeable 
temper. 

Cadger-like, adj. like a carrier. 

Cadger-pownie, n. a huckster's pony. 

Cadgie, Cadgey, adj. gay, sportive ; wanton ; 
in good spirits ; kind and hospitable. — adv. 
gaily, happily, cheerfully. 

Cadgily, adv. gaily, merrily, happily. 

Cadgin, ppl. adj. having a jolting motion. — n. 
the act of being jolted. 

Cadgy, adj. jolting. 

Cadie, n. a cadet ; an errand-boy ; a street- 
porter. Cf. Caddie. 

Cadie, n. a hat. 

Cadie, n. a tea-caddy. 

Cadis, n. surgeon's lint. — v. to apply lint to a 
wound. Cf. Caddis. 

Caducity, n. a legal term : the falling of a 
' feu ' to a superior in irritancy. 

Caern, n. a very small quantity, a 'cum.' 

Caew, v. to knead dough ; to mix clay, &c. 

Ca'f, n. a calf; a simpleton. Cf. Calf. 

Caff, n. chaff. 



Caiper 

Caff, v. to purchase. Cf. Caft. 

Caff-bed, n. a chaff-bed ; a mattress filled 

with chaff. 
Cafle, n. a lot ; a share ; fate, destiny. Cf. 

Cavel. 
Ca'f s-lick, n. a lock of hair rising up on the 

head. 
Caft, v. pret. and ppl. bought. Cf. Coft. 
Ca'f-ward, n. an enclosure for calves. 
Cag, n. a keg. 

Cag, v. to annoy, vex, offend, grieve. 
Cagey, Cagie, adj. merry, cheerful. Cf. 

Cadgie. 
Cagily, adv. merrily. Cf. Cadgily. 
Cahow, Cahoo, int. the call of those who hide 

themselves to the seeker in the game of 

'hide and seek,' to let him know to begin 

his search. — n. the game of hide and seek.' 

Cf. Kee-how. 
fCahute, n. the cabin of a ship. 
Caib, n. iron used in making a spade or any 

such tool. 
Caich, v. to jolt. Cf. Cadge. 
Caidge, v. to wanton. 
Caidgie, adj. cheerful, merry. Cf. Cadgie. 
Caidgieness, n. wantonness ; gaiety ; sportive- 

ness ; affectionate kindness. 
Caif, adj. tame ; familiar. 
Caige, v. to wax wanton. Cf. Caidge. 
Caigh, n. in phi: 'caigh and care,' every 

kind of anxiety. 
Caik, ». a stitch or sharp pain in the side. 
Caikal, n. a hungry worm supposed to lodge 

in the intestine and produce a voracious 

appetite. 
Caikie, n. a gawky ; a foolish, silly person. 
Caikle, v. to cackle ; to chuckle ; to recover 

one's spirits ; to become eager. — n. a 

chuckle; noisy laughter ; loud chatter; idle, 

foolish talk ; cackle. Cf. Keckle. 
Cail, n. colewort. Cf. Kail. 
Cailleach, Cailliach, n. an old woman. 
Cairn, n. a small peninsula terminating on the 

beach, and connected with the cliffs by » 

narrow, low isthmus. Cf. Cam. 
Cain, n. the cheese made by a farmer during 

the season ; 300 stones of cheese. Cf. Ken. 
Cain, n. part or whole of a rent paid in kind 

by a farmer ; a penalty. Cf. Kain. 
Cain-and-Abel, n. the Orchis latifolia. 
Cain-bairn, n. a child supposed to be paid as 

tribute to the fairies or to the devil. 
Cain-cock, -fowl, -hen, n. a fowl given in 

part-payment of rent. 
Cain-rent, n. the rent or part of it paid in 

kind. 
Caip, n. the highest part of anything. — v. to 

put on a copestone or the covering of a 

roof. Cf. Cape. 
Caiper, v. to caper. — «. a caper, 



Caipercaillie 

Caipereaillie, «. the wood-grouse or mountain 
cock. Cf. Capercailzie. 

Caipstane, n. a copestone. 

Cair, v. to toss to and fro ; to stir about ; to 
mix ; to rake from the bottom the thickest 
of soup, &c. ; to try to catch by raking from 
the bottom ; to handle overmuch ; to search 
for among dust, ashes, &c. — n. the act of 
extracting the thickest of soup, &c, at the 
bottom of a dish ; much handling. 

Cair, adj. left ; left-handed. Cf. Car. 

Cairban, n. the basking shark. 

Cair-cleuok, n. the left hand. Cf. Car- 
cleugh. 

Caird, n. a travelling tinker ; a gipsy, tramp ; 
a sturdy beggar. 

Caird, n. a calling-card ; a photograph of 
card-size ; a playing-card. 

Caird, v. to card wool ; to scold, abuse. — n. 
a comb for dressing wool, made of wires 
set in leather ; a rude, scolding person. 

Cairder, n. a card-player. 

Cairder, n. a wool-carder. 

Cairdin'-mill, n. a carding-mill. 

Cairdy, «. a wool-carder. 

Cair-handit, adj. left-handed. 

Cairie, n. the motion of the clouds in stormy 
weather. Cf. Carry. 

Cairlin, n. an old woman. Cf. Carlin. 

Cairn, n. a loose pile of stones ; a conical 
heap of stones ; a tumulus ; a ruined build- 
ing ; a heap of rubbish ; a high hill. 

Cairn-tangle, n. the fingered fucus, 'sea- 
girdle,' 'hangers.' 

Cairn-tombed, adj. used of a chieftain : buried 
under a ' cairn.' 

Cairny, adj. abounding in cairns. 

Cairt, n. a cart. 

Cairt, Cairte, n. a card. Cf. Caird. 

Cairter, n. a carter. 

Cairter, n. a card-player. 

Cairts, n. a game of cards. 

Cairt-sheuch, n. a cart-track or rut. 

Cait, v. used of cats : to desire the male. Cf. 
Cate. 

Caithie, n. a large - headed fish, Lophius 
piscatorum. 

tCaition, n. security. — v. to guarantee; to give 
security. Cf. Caution. 

Caiver, v. to waver in mind ; to be inco- 
herent. 

Cake, n. a thin, hard cake of oatmeal ; oil- 
cake for feeding cattle. 

Caker, n. a stroke on the palm of the hand 
from the ' tawse.' 

Cakker, n. the hinder-part of a horseshoe 
sharpened and turned downwards to prevent 
slipping ; the iron rim or plate on a wooden 
clog or shoe-heel. 

Calamy, Calomy, re. calomel. 



69 



Call-me-to-you 



Calavin, n. a lead-pencil. Cf. Keelyvine. 
Calaw, n. the pintail-duck ; the long-tailed 

duck. Cf. Caloo. 
Calchen, n. a square wooden frame, like a 

gridiron, in which ' fir-candles ' were dried in 

the chimney. 
Cald, adj. cold ; dry in manner, unkind, 

repellent. — ;/. a cold. 
Caldrife, adj. giving the sensation of cold, 

chilly ; susceptible to cold ; indifferent, cool, 

reserved ; used of a sermon or a preacher : 

not interesting, delivered in a cold fashion, 

not rousing. 
tCalender, n. a mangle. 
Caley, n. gossip, chat. 
tCalf, v. to stop a hole ; to wad a gun ; to 

cram with food. — n. the act of stuffing ; the 

material used for stopping a hole. Cf. Coif. 
Calf, n. a simpleton ; a stupid, silly person ; a 

term of ridicule. 
Calf-country, -ground, n. native place. 
Calf-drukken, adj. as fond as calves of drink- 
ing milk. 
Calfin, n. wadding for a gun ; stuffing for a 

hole. — v. to stuff. Cf. Colfm. 
Calf-lea, n. infield ground, one year under 

natural grass. 
Calf-reed, re. rennet. 
Calf-skins, «. the sea ruffled by the wind in 

occasional spots ; 'cat's-paws.' 
Calf-sod, re. sward bearing fine grass. 
Calf-stick, re. a stick for driving cattle or 

calves. 
Calf-ward, re. a small enclosure for feeding 

calves. 
Calimanco, re. calamanco. 
Calk, re. the iron point on a horseshoe to 

prevent slipping. — v. to turn down the ends 

and toes of horseshoes. Cf. Cauk. 
Calker, re. a maker of iron heel-plates, &c. ;' a 

country blacksmith. 
Call, u. to invite a minister to the charge of a 

congregation. — re. such an invitation. Cf. 

Ca'. 
Callack, re. a young girl. 
Callan, Callant, ». a stripling, a lad, a, term 

of affection ; a girl (rarely). 
Calledin-o'-the-blade, re. phr. a slight shower 

which cools and refreshes grass. 
Caller, Callour, adj. fresh, not stale, newly 

caught or gathered, in proper season ; cool, 

refreshing, bracing. — v. to cool, freshen, 

refresh. 
Callet, n. a prostitute, concubine. 
+Callet, n. a woman's cap, without a border. 

Cf. Callot. 
Callet, re. the head. 

Callevine, re. a lead-pencil. Cf. Keelyvine. 
Callion, n. anything old and ugly. 
Call-me-to-you, ». phr. the heart's-ease. 



Callot 

tCallot, n. a woman's cap, without a border. 
Calloused, ppl. adj. callous, hard-hearted. 
Call-the-guse, n. a kind of game. 
Calm, adj. used of ice : smooth, even. 
Calm, n. a mould ; a bullet-mould ; a frame ; 

a'heddle.' Cf. Caulm. 
Calmes, n. the small cords through which the 

warp is passed in the loom. 
Calm sough, n. silence, quietness, saying 

little. 
Calourie, n. cockweed. 
Calsay, n. the causeway, street. 
Calsay-paiker, n. a street-walker. 
Calse maill, n. road-money ; tolls. 
Calshes, n. a slip-dress buttoned behind, and 

forming jacket and trousers for young boys, 

and vest and trousers for older ones. Cf. 

Kilches. 
Calshie, Calshich, adj. crabbed, ill-humoured, 

rude. Cf. Kelshie. 
Calumnie, v. to calumniate. 
Calver, «. a cow in calf, or that has calved. 
Cam, n. a small peninsula terminating on the 

beach, and connected with the cliff by a 

narrow, low isthmus. 
Cam, v. pret. came. 

Cam, n. ' whitening. ' — v. to whiten a hearth. 
Camack, n. hockey, ' shinty. ' Cf. Cammock. 
Cambie-leaf, n. the white water-lily, Nymphcea 

alba. 
Camble, v. to prate saucily ; to scold, bully. 
Camblet, n. camlet. 
Cambuslang marble, n. a calcareous stratum 

near Rutherglen and Cambuslang. 
Camdootshie, adj. sagacious. 
Camdui, n. a species of trout. 
Came, n. a honeycomb ; a comb. Cf. Kame, 

Kaim. 
Camel's-hair, n. the vertebral ligament, the 

' fick-fack.' 
Cameral, n. a spawned haddock. 
Cameral, Cameril, n. a large, ill-shaped, 

awkward person. 
Camerick, n. cambric. 
Camester, n. a wool-comber. 
Camla-like, adj. sullen, surly. 
Cammag, n. a short staff with a crooked head. 

Cf. Cammock. 
Cammas, n. a coarse cloth. 
Cammel, n. a crooked piece of wood used as 

a hook for hanging things on. 
Cammelt, ppl. adj. crooked. 
Cammeril, n. a butcher's gambrel. Cf. 

Cammel. 
Cammock, Cammok, Cammon, n. a curved 

stick used in playing hockey or 'shinty'; 

the game of ' shinty.' 
Camovine, Camowyne, n. camomile. 
Camp, n. a heap of potatoes, turnips, &c. 

covered with earth through winter. 



70 



Candle-doup 



Camp, adj. brisk, active, spirited. — n. a romp. 
— v. to play the romp ; to contend ; to strive 
to outstrip in the harvest-field. Cf. Kemp. 
tCampagne, Campaine, adj. suited or belong- 
ing to the country. 
Campaine-hat, n. a hat for country wear. 
Campaine-shoes, n. shoes for country wear. 
Campaine-wig, n. a wig for country wear. 
fCampesce, v. to restrain. Cf. Compesce. 
Campruly, adj. quarrelsome. 
Campsho, adj. distorted, crooked. Cf. Cam- 

shach. 
Campy, adj. spirited. — n. a smart young 

fellow. 
Camrel, n. a butcher's gambrel. 
Camshach, adj. crooked, distorted ; cross- 
grained, ill-tempered ; stern-faced ; unlucky. 
Camshachle, Camschacle, Camshacle, v. to 
distort, pull askew ; to upset ; disorder. — 
adj. involved, intricate ; confused. 
Camshack, adj. crooked ; cross-grained ; un- 
lucky. Cf. Camshach. 
Camshak-kair, n. an unlucky concern. 
Camshauchle, Camshaucle, v. to distort ; to 
be angry ; to be difficult to repeat ; to walk 
inactively or lamely. Cf. Camshachle. 
Camsheuch, Camschol, adj. stern - faced ; 

crabbed ; crooked. Cf. Camshach. 
Camstane, ». common compact limestone ; 
indurated white clay ; pipeclay, ' whiten- 
ing' ; coarse fuller's earth. 
Camstairical, adj. ' camstairy.' 
Camstairiness, n. obstinacy, perversity. 
Camstairy, Camstairie, Camstary, Cam- 
steary, Camsteerie, Camsteery, Camsterie, 
Camstrary, adj. wild, unmanageable, ob- 
stinate, riotous. — n. an obstinate, unmanage- 
able person. 
Camstrudgeous, adj. wild, unmanageable, 

' camstairy.' 
Can, n. a cup ; a broken piece of earthenware. 
Can, n. skill, knowledge ; ability ; cleverness. 
Canage, «. payment of ' cain '-duty. 
tCanailyie, Canalyie, n. a rabble, a mob. 
Cancer, n. the red campion. 
Cancer, n. the burying beetle. 
Canch, n. a breadth of digging land. 
Candavaig, n. a foul salmon that has lain in 
fresh water till summer, without going to 
the sea ; a peculiar species of salmon. 
Candel-bend, n. very thick sole-leather used 
for ploughmen's boots, such as was picked 
and tanned at Kendal. 
Candle, Can'le, «. in phr. ' can'le and castock,' 
a turnip-lantern, with a face formed by 
blacking on the outside. 
Candle-coal, n. parrot coal ; a piece of splint 
coal put on a cottage fire to give light to 
spin by. 
Candle-doup, ». a candle-end. 



Candle-fir 

Candle-fir, n. bog-fir or moss-fallen fir, split 
and used for candles. 

Candle-futtle, -gullie, n. a large knife for 
splitting up bog-fir for candles. 

Candlemas, Can'lemas, n. Scottish quarter- 
day, Feb. 2. 

Candlemas-ba', n. a football-match played at 
Candlemas. 

Candlemas -bleeze, n. a gift formerly made 
by pupils to their schoolmaster at Candle- 
mas ; a bonfire on the evening of Feb. 2. 
Cf. Bleeze-money. 

Candlemas-crown, n. a badge of distinction 
formerly given at some schools to the pupil 
giving the highest gratuity to the master 
at Candlemas. 

Candlemas-king, -queen, n. the boy and 
the girl giving the highest gratuity to the 
schoolmaster. 

Candlemas-offering, n. the gift formerly made 
by pupils to their teacher at Candlemas. 

Candlemas-silver, n. the Candlemas offering. 

Candle-shears, n. a pair of snuffers. 

Candle-whittle, n. a 'candle-futtle.' 

Candy-broad-sugar, n. lump-sugar. 

Candy-glue, n. candy made from treacle, &c, 
. well boiled. 

Candy-man, n. a seller or hawker of candy. 

Candy-rock, n. candy in blocks or stalks. 

Cane, «. rent, or a portion of it, paid in kind. 
Cf. Cain. 

Canech, n. the pip in fowls. Cf. Cannagh. 

Cangle, v. to quarrel, wrangle, haggle, bandy 
words ; to cavil. 

Cangler, n. a. jangler, a caviller. 

Cangling, n. altercation, quarrelling. 

Canker, v. to fret, become peevish or ill- 
humoured ; to put into u bad temper ; to 
render cross, to sour ; of plants : to be 
covered with blight ; of the weather : to 
become stormy. — «. bad temper; a cor- 
roding care. 

Canker-nail, «. a painful slip of flesh at the 
base of a finger-nail. 

Cankersome, adj. cross-grained, bad-tempered. 

Cankert, Cankered, ppl. adj. cross, ill- 
humoured, fretful ; used of a sore : inflamed, 
festered ; of the weather : threatening, gusty. 

Cankert-leukin', adj. used of a sore : inflamed, 
painful ; of persons : sour, unkind in ex- 
pression ; of weather : threatening, lowering. 

Cankert-like, adj. cross-looking ; threatening 
in appearance. 

Cankertly, adv. ill-naturedly, crossly. 

Cankery, adj. bad-tempered ; eating like a 
cancer. 

Cankling, ppl. adj. quarrelsome, wrangling. 
Cf. Cangle. 

Cankrif, adj. cantering. 

Cank'rous, adj. sore, painful. 



7 1 Cant 



Cankry, adj. cross-grained, cantankerous. Cf. 
Cankery. 

Canlie, ti. a boys' game, of the nature of 'tig.' 

Cann, n. knowledge ; skill, ability. Cf. Can. 

Canna, Cannae, v. neg. cannot. 

Canna, Cannach, n. the cotton-grass. 

Canna-down, n. the cotton-grass. 

Cannagh, n. the pip in fowls. 

Cannalye, n. the rabble. Cf. Canailyie, 

Cannas, Cannes, n. coarse canvas ; sailcloth, 
the sail of a ship ; a coarse sheet used for 
keeping grain from falling to the ground 
when winnowed in a sieve. 

Cannas-braid, n. the breadth of such a sheet. 

Canneca, n. the wood-worm. 

Cannel, n. the sloping edge of an axe or chisel. 
— v. to bevel the edge of a knife, &c. ; to 
chamfer. 

tCannel, n. cinnamon. 

Cannel, «. a candle. Cf. Candle. 

Cannel-water, n. cinnamon-water. 

Canniburr, Canniber, n. the sea-urchin. 

Cannie-nail, n. the nail that holds the cart- 
body to the axle. 

Cannily, adv. cautiously, craftily, skilfully, 
gently, frugally, quietly, easily. 

Canniness, n. the possession of ' canny ' 
qualities. Cf. Canny. 

Cannon-nail, n. the 'cannie-nail.' 

Canny, Cannie, adj. cautious, prudent, shrewd ; 
artful, crafty, dexterous ; careful, frugal, 
sparing in the use of ; moderate in charges, 
conduct, spirit ; not extortionate, hard, or 
exacting ; gentle, useful, beneficial ; handy, 
expert, skilful in midwifery ; gentle in using 
the hands or the tongue ; soft, easy, slow 
in action or motion ; safe, not dangerous ; 
composed, deliberate, not flustered ; not 
difficult of execution ; snug, comfortable, 
cosy ; fortunate, lucky, of good omen, from 
a superstitious point of view ; favourable : 
endowed with supposed supernatural know 
ledge or magical skill ; good, worthy, ' douce '; 
convenient, well-fitted ; comely, agreeable, 
pleasant ; used as a general term of affec- 
tion, good -will, and approbation. — adv. 
cautiously ; gently. 

Cannyca, n. the wood-worm. Cf. Canneca. 

Canny-moment, n. the moment of birth. 

Canny Nannie, n. a kind of bumble-bee. 

Canny noo, int. take it easy ! 

Canny-wife, u. a midwife, a ' howdie.' 

Canny-wyes, adv. ' cannily. ' 

tCanopy, n. a sofa, couch. 

Canse, v. to speak pertly and conceitedly. 

Canshie, adj. cross, ill-humoured. 

Cansie, adj. pert, speaking from self-conceit. 

Cant, v. to sing ; to speak in recitative ; to 
talk cheerfully, gossip. — «. gossip, tattle ; 
speaking in recitative. 



Cant 

Cant, n. a jerk, a turn to one side. — v. to set 

a stone on edge ; to upset. 
Cant, v. to canter. 
Cant, n. an illusion. 
Cant, n. a trick, a bad habit ; a custom. 
Cant, n. a little rise of rocky ground on a 

highway. 
Cantation, n. talk, conversation. 
Canter, n. a plausible beggar. 
Cantily, adv. cheerfully, merrily. 
Canting, n. a sale by auction. 
Cantle, n. a triangular piece ; a slice ; the 

leg of si lamb or other young animal ; the 

crown of the head. 
Cantle, v. to tilt up, to fall over ; to set aloft, 

to perch up ; with up, to brighten up, to 

recover health or spirits. 
tCantlin, n. a corner ; the chine of a cask or 

adze. 
•(•Canton, n. an angle. — v. to divide, distribute. 
Cantraip, Cantrip, «. a magic spell, incanta- 
tion, charm ; witch's trick ; any trick, frolic, 

piece of mischief. — adj. magical, witch-like. 
Cantraps, n. caltrops. 
Cant-robin, n. the dwarf wild-rose, with white 

flowers. 
Canty, adj. lively, pleasant, cheerful ; small 

and neat; in good health. — adv. contentedly, 

merrily. 
Canty, n. a hole in the game of ' kypes ' played 

with marbles. 
Canty-smatchet, n. a louse. 
Canvas, v. to ponder, think over. 
Canyel, v. to jolt ; to cause a jolt. — n. a jolt ; 

jolting. 
Cap, «. the comb of wild bees ; the top put 

on a beehive in order to get the combs. 
Cap, n. a wooden cup or bowl. 
Cap, v. to outdo, crown, surpass, 'beat'; to 

take off the hat or cap in saluting ; to confer 

a degree at a Scottish university. — n. the 

lifting of the cap in saluting. 
Cap, v. to seize by violence what belongs to 

another ; to act piratically, or as a privateer. 
Cap, v. to bulge, twist, warp. 
Cap-ale, n. a beer between table-beer and ale. 

Cf. Cappie. 
Cap-ambry, n. a cupboard for holding small 

wooden cups. 
Cap and knee, phr. humbly and gratefully. 
Cape, n. the highest part of anything ; coping 

of a wall or house. — v. to put on the cover 

of a roof or wall. 
Cape, v. to privateer. Cf. Cap. 
Caped, ppl. adj. of a ship : taken by a pirate. 
Caper, n. a captor, one who takes a prize ; a 

privateer, a pirate. 
Caper, «. a piece of buttered oatcake with a 

slice of cheese on it. 
Caper, v. to frisk, dance. 



72 Cappilow 

Capercailzie, n. the wood-grouse or mountain 

cock. 
Caperer, «. bread, butter, and cheese toasted 

together. 
Caperilla, Caperoilie, n. the heath-pea. 
Caper-Untie, n. the whitethroat. 
Capernoited, adj. peevish, irritable ; under the 

influence of drink ; imbecile ; whimsical. 
Capernoitet-looking, adj. peevish-looking. 
Capernoitetness, n. perversity, obstinacy. 
Capernoitie, n. the head, the ' noddle.' 
Capernoitie, adj. peevish. 
Capernuted, adj. 'capernoited.' 
Caperonish, adj. used of food : good, excellent, 

first-rate. 
Capes, n. grains of corn to which the chaff 

adheres after threshing ; grain insufficiently 

ground, or where the shell remains with 

part of the grain ; flakes of meal which 

come from the mill when the grain has 

not been properly dried. 
Capestane, «. a copestone ; a remediless 

calamity. 
Capey-dykey, n. a game of marbles. 
Cap-full, n. the fourth of a peck. 
Capidocious, adj. capital, first-rate. 
Capie-dosie, n. a hairy cap. 
Capie-hole, n. the game of marbles, 'kypes.' 
Capilation, n. drugget; a cheap and light 

stuff. 
Capilow, v. to outdo another in reaping. 
Caping, n. privateering. 
fCapitane, n. captain. 

Cap-neb, 11. an iron plate on the toe of a boot. 
Capon, «. in phr. ' a Crail capon,' a dried 

haddock. 
Cap out, v. to drink to the bottom. — n. the 

act of so drinking. 
Capper, n. a cup-bearer ; a turner of wooden 

bowls or 'caups.' 
Capper, n. copper. 
Capper, n. a spider. 
Capper, n. part of a shoemaker's tools for 

toe-caps, &c. 
Capper, v. to seize ships, privateer ; to lay 

hold of forcibly. — n. a privateer. Cf. 

Caper. 
Capperaishious, adj. short-tempered ; per- 
petually fault-finding. 
Cappid, ppl. adj. fickle ; flighty ; whimsical. 
Cappie, n. a beer between ale and table-beer, 

drunk out of ' caups.' 
Cappie, adj. cup-shaped, hollow. 
Cappie, n. a small cap ; a drinking-cup. 
Cappie, adj. given to warping like green 

wood. 
Cappie-out, 11. deep drinking ; drinking to 

the bottom. 
Cappilow, v. to distance ; to outdo another 

in reaping, &c. Cf. Capilow. 



Cappin 

Cappin, n. the leather or wood band through 
which the middle band of a flail passes. 

Cappit, ppl. adj. twisted, bent, warped. 

Cappit, adj. crabbed, ill-humoured, quarrel- 
some ; short-tempered. 

Caprowsy, n. a short cloak with a hood. 

Cap-sheaf, n. a sheaf covering a ' stook ' in 
wet weather ; straw forming the top of a 
thatched rick or roof; the finishing touch. 

Capshon, n. a ' catch,' windfall, prize. Cf 
Caption. 

Capstans, n. copestone. 

Cap-stride, v. to forestall another in drinking 
as the ' cap ' goes round ; to cheat. 

Captain, n. the gray gurnard. 

Caption, n. arrest, apprehension ; in phr. 
'horning and caption,' an order requiring 
a debtor to pay his debt on pain of being 
declared a rebel ; a. lucky, valuable, or 
serviceable acquisition ; a windfall. 

Captivity, n. waste, destruction. 

Car, n. calves. 

Car, n. a sledge ; a cart wanting wheels, 
ledges, sides, and front. 

Car, adj. left, left-handed ; sinister ; fatal. 

Carameile, n. the root of the heath-pea. Cf. 
Carmele. 

Carb, v. to cavil, carp. — n. cavilling, carping, 
dissatisfaction. 

Carb, n. a raw-boned, loquacious woman. 

Carberry, v. to wrangle, to argue perversely. 

Carbin, n. the basking shark. Cf. Cairban. 

Carbin, ppl. adj. fretful, peevish. 

Carble, v. to cavil, carp, show dissatisfaction ; 
to be captious. 

Carbling, n. a wrangling. 

Car-, Care-cake, n. a small cake, baked with 
eggs, eaten on Fastern's E'en. 

tCarcant, n. a garland of flowers for the 
neck. Cf. Carket. 

Carcase, Carcatch, «. the trunk of the human 
body. 

Car-cleugh, n. the left hand. 

Carcudeuch, n. intimate, familiar. — adv. 
fondly. Cf. Curcuddoch. 

Card, n. a photograph: Cf. Cairt. 

Card, v. to scold. Cf. Caird. 

fCardecue, n. a silver coin worth about 
is. 4d. sterling. 

Carder, «. a card-player. 

Carding, n. a scolding. 

Carding, ». card-playing. 

Cardow, v. used of a tailor : to mend, patch ; 
to botch. Cf. Curdow. 

Cardower, n. a mender of old clothes. 

Cardin, n. a rare trout found in Lochleven. 

Care, v. to rake from the bottom. Cf. Cair. 

Care, v. to care for, regard ; with the neg., to 
have no objection ; with the neg. and by, to 
be indifferent, to take no interest in. 



73 Carlin'-heather 

Care, n. in phr. ' care 's my case,' woeful is 

my plight ; phr. ' to take care of,' to refuse. 
Care-bed, «. a bed of suffering. 
Care-bed-lair, n. a bed of suffering ; a dis- 
consolate situation. 
Careerin, adv. swiftly, cheerfully. 
Careful, adj. careworn. 
Care-weeds, n. mourning garb. 
Carf, n. a cut in timber for the insertion of 

another piece of wood ; the incision made 

by an axe or a saw. 
Carfin, n. the basking shark. Cf. Carbin. 
tCarfuddle, v. to discompose ; to rumple. 
tCarfuffle, v. to disarrange ; to disorder ; to 

tumble; to crease. — n. fuss, excitement, 

disorder. Cf. Curfuffle. 
Carfuffle, n. a contemptuous designation of a 

person. 
Carfumish, n. to diffuse a very bad smell ; to 

overpower by a bad smell. Cf. Curfumish. 
tCargliff, n. any shock to the heart. Cf. 

Curglaff. 
Carhail, v. to hail in a bantering manner. 
Car-handed, adj. left-handed. 
Carie, adj. soft, lazy ; pliable. 
Carin', ///. adj. causing care or pain. 
Cark, v. to fret ; to complain peevishly. 
Carket, n. a garland of flowers worn as a 

necklace. 
Carking, ppl. adj. anxious, fretting. 
Carl, Carle, «. a man ; a clown, boor in 

manners, a churl ; an old man. 
Carl, Carle, n. a carol ; a gift to carol-singers 

at Christmas ; a licentious song. 
Carl-again, v. to resist, to return a stroke, to 

retort. — re. a retort ; the return of a stroke ; 

tit for tat. 
Carlage, adj. churlish. Cf. Carlish. 
Carl-and-cavel, phr. honest man and rogue ; 

all without distinction. 
Carl-cat, «. a tom-cat. 
Carl-crab, n. the male of the black-clawed 

crab. 
Carl-doddy, n. a stalk of rib-grass ; the greater 
- plantain ; a term of endearment. Cf. 

Curl-doddy. 
Carle, n. a tall rustic candlestick. 
Carled, ppl. used of a bitch : served by a dog. 
Carl-gropus, n. a stupid person. 
Carl-hemp, n. the largest stalk of hemp ; 

mental vigour, firmness. 
Carlie, n. a little man ; a precocious boy. 
Carlin, Carline, «. an old woman ; a shrew, 

hag ; a witch ; a man, an old man ; the 

last handful of corn cut in a field, when 

it is not shorn before Hallowmas. Cf. 

Kerlin. 
Carling, n. the name of a fish, ? th£ pogge. 
Carlin'-heather, n. fine-leaved heath, bell- 
heather. 



Carlin's 

Carlin's, u. brown peas boiled or broiled, 
eaten on the fifth Sunday in Lent. 

Carlin's E'en, n. the last night of the year. 

Carlin'-spurs, n. needle furze or petty whin. 

Carlin Sunday, n. the fifth Sunday in Lent, 
Passion Sunday. 

Carlin-teuch, adj. sturdy, tough as an old 
wife. 

Carlish, Carlitch, adj. churlish, boorish ; 
rustic, clownish. 

Carl-tangle, n. a large, long tangle, with tree- 
like roots. Cf. Cairn-tangle. 

Carl-wife, n. a man that meddles with house- 
hold matters. 

f Carmalade, adj. sick, diseased. 

Carmele, n. the root of the heath-pea. 

Carmovine, n. camomile. Cf. Camovine. 

Carmud, adj. intimate, comfortable. Cf. 
Curmud. 

Carmudgelt, ppl. adj. made soft by lightning. 

Carmudgeon, n. a curmudgeon ; a forward 
child. 

Carnaptious, adj. irritable, quarrelsome. Cf. 
Curnaptious. 

Carnawin, n. a painful feeling of hunger. Cf. 
Curnawing. 

Carnoek-pear, n. a kind of pear. 

Carn-tangle, «. a large, long tangle, with roots 
like a tree. Cf. Cairn-tangle. 

Carnwath, Carnwath - like, adj. awkward- 
looking, boorish, rustic. — adv. out of line. 

Carol-ewyn, n. the last night of the year, when 
young people go from door to door carol- 
singing. 

Caroline-hat, n. a black hat, fashionable 
towards the end of the 17th century. 

Carp, v. to talk ; to recite as a minstrel, sing. 

Car-pawed, adj. left-handed. 

Carpets, n. carpet slippers or shoes. 

Carrant, n. a running, violent dance ; a scold- 
ing ; a great fuss. Cf. Courant. 

Carreen, v. to lean to one side. 

Carr-gate, n. a road across steep rocks. 

Carribine, n. a carbine. 

Carrick, n. the game of ' shinty ' or hockey ; 
the ball played with. 

Carrickin', n. a gathering of herd-boys to 
play 'shinty' at Lammas, Aug. 1. 

Carrie, n. a two-wheeled barrow. 

Carried, ppl. adj. light-headed, conceited ; 
delirious. 

Carrie-elt, «. a thick, badly baked oat-ban- 
nock. Cf. Carry. 

Carrier, n. in phr. ' to come back with the 
blind carrier,' to return, if ever, after a very 
long time. 

Carrion, n. a term of reproach to a person. 

Carrion-corp, n. a dead body. 

Carris, ». flummery, 'sowens.' 

Carritch, v. to catechize. — n. a catechism ; 



74 



Carvey-seed 



in //. the Shorter Catechism ; reproof; 

scolding. 
Carritch'd, ppl. adj. taught the Shorter Cate- 
chism. 
Carrot-pow, n. a head of red hair. 
Carry, adj. left, as opposed to right. Cf. Car. 
Carry, adj. used of oatmeal : badly baked. 
Carry, v. used of land : to provide food for 

farm-stock. — n. the bulk or weight of a 

burden, what is carried ; the motion of 

wind-driven clouds ; the sky ; the distance 

anything is carried. 
Carry coals, v. phr. to submit to indignity. 
Carrying on, n. unseemly behaviour ; undue 

familiarity. 
Carry-my-lady-to-London, n. a children's 

game. 
Carry on, v. to behave strangely or im- 
properly ; to do or to speak anything at 

a great rate ; to flirt ; to scold continuously. 

— n. proceedings ; flirtation ; unbecoming 

behaviour ; fuss. 
tCarry-warry, n. a ' charivari ' ; a burlesque 

serenade. 
Carry-wattle, n. » general 'scrimmage' or 

wordy conflict. 
Carsackie, n. a workman's coarse apron ; a 

woman's bedgown or loose working-dress. 

Cf. Cursackie. 
Car-saddle, n. the small saddle on the back 

of a carriage-horse, to support the shafts. 
Carse, n. the watercress. Cf. Kerse. 
Carse, Carse-land, n. a stretch of flat, fertile 

land near a river. 
Carseese, v. to examine strictly, catechize ; to 

reprove. — «. a reproof ; a strict examination. 

Cf. Curseese. 
Car-sham-ye, int. an excl. in the game of 

'shinty' when one of the players strikes 

the ball with the club in his left hand. 
Carsons, ». the jlady's mantle. 
Carsons, n. pi. the watercress. 
Carstang, n. the shaft of a cart. 
Cart, n. a map, chart. 
Cart-aver, n. a cart-horse. 
Carte, n. a playing-card. 
Carters'-play, «. a yearly procession of the 

Carters' Society. 
Cart-gate, n. a. cart-road. 
Carthanum, n. the carthamine or safflower. 
Cartie, «. a small cart. 
Cartil, n. a cartload. 
tCartouch, n. a jacket worn by women when 

working ; a little frock for a girl. 
Cartow, n. a great cannon ; a battering-piece. 
Cart-piece, 11. an ancient kind of ordnance. 
Cart-tram, «. the shaft of a cart. 
Carvey, Carvie, ». caraway ; a confection 

containing caraway. 
Carvey-seed, «. caraway-seed. 



Carvey-sweetie 

Carvey-sweetie, «. caraway coated with sugar. 

Ca's, v. pres. calls. 

Ca's, v. pres. drives. 

Case, n. shape, repair, size. — z». to shut up, 
confine. 

Case, n. phr. * case-alike,' all the same ; ' case 
be,' lest, in case. 

Caseable, Casable, adj. natural ; naturally 
belonging to a particular case ; possible. 

Casements, n. carpenters' planes called 
'hollows' and 'rounds.' 

Caserrin, n. a. crook-handled spade, used by 
Highlanders ; a kind of foot-plough. 

Cashhornie, «. a game played with clubs by 
two opposite parties, who each try to drive 
a ball into a hole belonging to their an- 
tagonists. 

Cashie, adj. delicate, easily tired ; soft, flabby, 
spongy ; luxuriant, succulent ; of rapid 
growth. 

Cashie, adj. talkative ; forward. 

Cashie, v. to squabble. — n. a squabble. 

Cashlick, adj. careless, regardless. 

Caspicaws, Caspie-laws, Caspitaws, n. an 
obsolete instrument of torture. 

tCass, v. to annul, make void, repeal ; a legal 
term. 

tCassedone, n. chalcedony. 

Cassen, ppl. cast. Cf. Casten. 

Cast, n. a twist ; opportunity ; a turn, event ; 
lot, fate, chance ; a casual lift, ride, or help 
on a journey ; help, assistance ; the cutting 
of a certain quantity of peats ; a swarm 
of bees ; a handful of herrings, haddocks, 
oysters, &c, four in number; a district, 
tract of country ; the direction in which one 
travels ; appearance, style, slight likeness ; a 
degree ; touch, little ; a throw of a fishing- 
line ; the earth thrown up by moles, &c. ; 
an earthen mound as fence or boundary ; of 
scales : the turn ; some mental power. 

Cast, v. to put on, scatter, sprinkle ; to toss 
the head ; to throw on the back ; to thwart, 
defeat, condemn in an action at law ; used 
of clothes : to throw off, discard ; of hair, 
teeth, &c. : to shed, cast off; of cows : to 
abort ; of soil : to bear crops that do not 
ripen ; of bees : to swarm ; of colour : to 
fade, become pale ; to vomit ; to dig, or 
cut, and cast up with a spade ; to add up, 
compute ; to estimate the quantity of grain 
in a stack by counting the sheaves ; to 
ponder, consider ; to warp, twist ; to coat 
with lime or plaster ; to tie a knot ; used 
of clouds or sky : to clear after rain or at 
dawn, to gather, to threaten rain ; to beat- 
up eggs for puddings, &c, to drop their 
whites into water for divination ; to foretell 
events, divine ; with about, to plan, look 
about for, manage, arrange for ; with at, to 



75 



Cat 



spurn, object to, find fault with ; with by, 
to make one's self ill ; with out, to quarrel ; 
with up, to call to remembrance and up- 
braid for some past fault, misfortune, &c. ; 
to throw up scum ; to discontinue, renounce ; 
to occur, to come accidentally in one's way, 
turn up ; to befall ; to vomit. 

Cast, ppl. adj. prematurely born, aborted ; 
rejected as faulty ; worthless, inadmissible. 

Castas, k. the estimating the quantity of grain 
in a stack. 

Castawa', n. a person or thing neglected or 
rejected as useless. 

Cast-by, n. what is thrown aside as unservice- 
able. 

Casten, ppl. adj. used of meat, &c. : spoilt, 
worthless ; thrown aside. 

Casten-awa', it. anything thrown away as 
worthless. 

Caster, n. a peat-cutter. 

Caster-hat, n. a beaver-hat. 

Cast-ewe, n. a ewe not fit for breeding. 

Casting, ppl. adj. applied to land on which 
crops fail to ripen. 

Casting, n. rough-casting ; the swarming of 
bees ; a quantity of peats ; the cutting of 
peats. 

Casting-out, n. a quarrel. 

Castings, n. cast-off clothes. 

Casting-stone, n. the stone by which a set- 
line is cast, into a river. 

Casting up, n. taunting, recalling the past, 
reminding unpleasantly. 

Castle, n. four cherry-stones in the game of 
' paips. ' Cf. Caddie, Caugle. 

Castle-waird, n. castle-defence. 

Cast-line, n. a fishing-line. 

Castock, n. the stem of colewort or cabbage. 

Cast-of-eorn, n. as many oats as a kiln will 
dry at a time, ? six bushels. 

Cast out, n. a quarrel. 

Cast up, n. a taunt ; an unpleasant reminder ; 
a reproach. 

Cast weeds, n. perennial weeds growing on 
bean-stalks. 

Casual, adj. accidental from mistake or ignor- 
ance. 

Casualty, n. an incidental payment or duty. 

Ca't, v. prel. drove. — -ppl. driven. 

Ca't, v. pret. and ppl. called. 

Cat, «. a ball or piece of wood used in certain 
games ; the stick used to strike the ' cat ' 
in such games ; soft clay mixed with straw, 
used in building mud walls, and thrust 
between the laths and the walls ; a handful 
of straw or reaped grain simply laid on the 
ground ; a small piece of rag rolled up and 
put between the handle of a pot and the 
hook which suspends it over the fire, in 
order to raise the pot a little ; a small lump 



Cat and clay 

of manure. — v. to toss or strike a ball or ' cat ' 
with the hand or a light bat in certain games. 

Cat and clay, n. a method of building mud 
walls, &c. , by thrusting soft clay mixed with 
straw between the laths and the walls, and 
afterwards daubing or plastering it. 

Cat-and-dog, n. a boys' game played by three. 

Cat-and-dog-hole, n. the hole towards which 
the ' cat ' is thrown in the game of ' cat-and- 
dog.' 

Catastrophes, «. fragments, pieces. 

Cat-band, n. an iron bar or band for securing 
a door or gate, hooked into a staple at one 
end, and locked at the other ; a strong hook 
fixed to the wall and inside a door or gate, 
to keep it shut ; a chain across a. street for 
defence in war. 

Cat-bar, n. a bar that fastens that half of a 
door which does not contain the lock. 

Cat-beds, n. a children's game, played with 
pieces of turf. 

Catch, a. an acquisition ; a most eligible 
husband or wife, a good matrimonial match ; 
a. knack, the trick of a thing ; a sudden 
pain or stitch ; the ' sneck ' of a door, &c. ; a 
stumble ; a sudden surprise. 

Catched, v. pret. axAppl. caught. 

Catch-honours, n. a card game. 

Catchie, adj. merry, jocund ; attracting one's 
interest, liking, &c. 

Catchie, n. a mason's small hammer for pinning 
walls. 

Catch-match, n. a match of great advantage 
to one side. 

Catch-rogue, n. goose-grass. 

Catcht, v. pret. and ppl. caught. 

Catch-the-lang-tens, n. a card game. 

Catch-the-plack, «. money-grubbing. 

Catch-the-salmon, n. a boys' game, played 
with a piece of rope. 

Catch-the-ten, n. a card game. 

Catch-the-thief, n. a constable. 

Catchy, adj. disposed to take unfair advantage ; 
quick at taking the catch ; uncertain, un- 
settled ; irritable ; ready to take offence. 

Cate, v. used of cats : to desire the male. 

Catechis, n. a catechism ; the Shorter Cate- 
chism. 

Category, n. a list or class of accused persons. 

Cater, n. money, cash. 

Cater, v. used of cats : to desire the male. 

Cateran, n. a Highland robber or freebooter. 

Cat-fish, n. the sea-wolf, the sea-cat. 

Cat-gull, n. the herring-gull. 

Cat-gut, 11. sea-laces. 

Cath, v. to drive or toss a ball by striking 
it with the hand or a light club or bat. 

Cat-harrow, n. in phr. 'to draw the cat- 
harrow,' used of persons : to quarrel among 
themselves, thwart each other. 



76 



Cats'-tails 



Cathead band, n. a coarse ironstone. 
Cat-heather, n. a species of heather growing 

in separate upright stalks with flowers at 

the top. 
Cathel, n. caudle ; a. hot-pot of ale, sugar, 

and eggs. 
Cathel-nail, «. the nail by which the body of 

a cart is fixed to the axle. 
Ca'-the-shuttle, n. a weaver. 
Cat-hole, n. a loophole or narrow opening in 

the wall of a barn to give cats admission 

and exit ; a niche in the wall in which small 

articles are deposited. 
Ca' through, n. great energy ; an uproar. 
Cat-hud, n. a large stone at the back of the 

fire on a cottage hearth. 
Catill, Cattil, v. to thrust the fingers forcibly 

under the ears, as a cruel punishment. — n. 

the act of inflicting such. 
Cat-in-clover, ». bird's-foot trefoil. Cf. Catten- 

clover. 
Cat-in-the-barrel, n. a barbarous game for- 
merly played at Kelso once a year. 
Cat-in-the-hole, «. a boys' game. 
Cat-kindness, n. cupboard-love. 
Catling, n. catgut, a fiddle-string. 
Catloup, n. a short distance ; a moment of 

time. 
Catmaw, n. a somersault ; in phr. ' tumble 

the catmaw,' to turn topsy-turvy. — adv. 

used of the eyes : turned upward : heels 

over head. 
Catogle, n. the great horned owl. 
Catribat, v. to contend ; to quarrel. 
Catrick, n. a supposed disease of the roots of 

the fingers from too frequent handling of 

cats ; a cataract supposed to affect the eyes 

of the first person that meets a cat which 

has leapt over a dead body. 
Catridge, Catrons, n. a diminutive person 

fond of women. 
Cat's-carriage, n. a seat formed by two persons 

crossing their hands, on which to place a 

third; ' queen 's-cushion.' 
Cat's-cradle, ». a plaything of twine on the 

fingers of one person transferred to those of 

another. 
Cat's hair, «. the down on an unfledged bird ; 

the down on the face of a boy before a 

beard grows ; thin hair growing on the 

bodies of persons in bad health ; the ' cirrus ' 

and ' cirro-stratus ' clouds. 
Catsherd, n. cataract. Cf. Catrick. 
Cat siller, n. mica. 
Cat's-lug, n. Auricula ursi. 
Cat's-stairs, «. a child's toy made of thread, 

&c, and so disposed by the hand as to fall 

down like steps of a stair, or twisted into 

the shape of stairs. 
Cats'-tails, «. hare's-tail rush, cotton-grass.. 



Catstanes 

Catstanes, n. the upright stones which sup- 
port a grate on either side. 

Cat-steps, «. the projections of the stones in 
the slanting part of a gable. 

Cat-strand, n. a very small stream. 

Cat-tails, n. cotton-grass. Cf. Cats'-tails. 

Catten-clover, n. bird's-foot trefoil. 

Catter, «. money, cash. Cf. Cater. 

Catter, n. a disease at the roots of the fingers, 
supposed to arise from the too frequent 
handling of cats. Cf. Catrick. 

Catterbatch, n. a broil, quarrel. 

Catterbatter, v. to wrangle good-humouredly. 

Catter-wier, adj. snappish ; surly ; churlish. 

Catter- wower, v. to caterwaul. — n. a cater- 
waul. 

Cattie-and-doggie, n. the game of ' cat-and- 
dog.' Cf. Cat-and-dog. 

Cattie-bargle, -bargie, n. a noisy, angry 
quarrel among children. 

Cattie-wurrie, v. to dispute noisily and 
violently. — n. a violent dispute; a noisy, 
angry quarrel among children. 

Cattie-wurriein, «. a continuous violent dis- 
puting. — ppl. adj. peevish. 

Cattle, n. lice, fleas, &c. ; used contemptuously 
of persons. 

Cattle-close, n. a farm cattle-yard. 

Cattle-creep, n. a low arch or gangway to 
enable cattle to pass under or over a 
railway. 

Cattleman, n. a servant in charge of the cattle 
on a farm. 

Cattle-raik, n. a common, or extensive pastur- 
age, where cattle feed at large. 

Cat-wa', n. a stone wall dividing a cottage 
into two rooms. 

Cat-whins, n. the needle furze. 

Cat-witted, -wutted, adj. harebrained ; savage 
in temper. 

Catyogle, n. the great horned owl. Cf. 
Catogle. 

+Caudebec-hat, n. a woollen French hat. 

Cauder, n. money. Cf. Cater. 

Caudron, n. a caldron. 

Cauf, n. a calf, a fool. Cf. Calf. 

Cauf, «. chaff. 

Cauf-grun, n. one's native place. 

Caugle, n. four cherry-stones in the game of 
'paips.' Cf. Caddie, Castle. 

Cauk, n. chalk. — v. to draw with chalk ; to 
mark down a debt. 

Cauk, n. cark. 

Cauk, n. the point turned down on a horse- 
shoe. — v. to turn down the ends and toes of 
horseshoes. 

Cauker, n. the hind-part of a horseshoe 
sharpened and turned down ; the iron rim 
or plate on a clog or shoe-heel. 

Cauker, «. a bumper ; a drink of spirits. 



77 



Caup 



Caul, Cauld, n. a damhead ; a weir on a 

river to divert water into a ' mill-lade.' 
Caul, Cauld, u. used of a river-bank : to lay a 

bed of loose stones from the channel of 

the river backwards, as far as necessary, to 

defend the land from the inroads of the 

water. 
Caul, Cauld, n. a cold. — adj. cold. 
Caul cap, n. an old woman's cap, of triangular 

shape. 
Cauld-bark, n. a coffin, grave. 
Cauld-casten-tee, adj. lifeless, dull ; insipid. 
Cauld coal, n. mphr. to 'blaw a cauld coal,' 

to engage in unpromising work, to undergo 

failure or loss. 
Cauld comfort, n. inhospitableness, poor 

entertainment. 
Cauld-kail-het-again, n. phr. broth warmed 

up again ; a sermon preached twice to the 

same audience ; a broken - off love affair 

renewed ; an insipid repetition of anything. 
Cauld-like, adj. used of the weather : likely 

to be cold. 
Cauldness, «. coldness. 
Cauldrid, adj. chilling. 
Cauldrife, adj. cold, chilly ; indifferent ; lack- 
ing animation in preaching ; disaffected. 

Cf. Caldrife. 
Cauld seed, n. late peas. 
Cauld steer, n. sour milk or cold water and 

meal stirred together. 
Cauld straik, n. a ' dram ' of raw spirits. 
Cauld win', n. little encouragement. 
Cauld winter, n. the last load of corn brought 

from the field to the stackyard. 
Cauler, Cauller, adj. cool, fresh. Cf. Caller. 
Cauliflower, n. the head on ale. 
Caulk, n. chalk. Cf. Cauk. 
Caulker, n. a. drink of spirits. 
Caulker, u. a calker. 
Caulm, n. a mould, frame ; a bullet-mould ; in 

pi. course of framing or construction. Cf. 

Calm. 
Caulm, adj. calm ; smooth, even. Cf. Calm. 
Caulms, n. the small cords through which the 

warp is passed in the loom, the ' heddles.' 
Caum, n. slate-pencil. — v. to whiten a hearth 

with camstane.' Cf. Cam. 
Caum, «. a mould, frame. Cf. Cam. 
Caum, adj. calm ; smooth. 
Caumshell, n. a piece of white shell, or bony 

matter, in shape not unlike a lady's slipper, 

frequently found on the seashore. 
Caumstane, n. pipeclay; 'whitening.' Cf. 

Camstane. 
Ca' up, n. a thorough, overhauling search. 
Caup, n. blackmail paid by private men to 

thieves. 
Caup, n. a wooden drinking-vessel. 
Caup, v. to twist, bulge, warp. Cf. Cap. 



Caup 



78 



Caup, re. the shell of a snail. 

Cauped, ppl. adj. bulging, bending in curves. 

Caup-snail, re. the snail inhabiting the black 
shell, common among old gardens and 
castles. 

Caur, Caure, re. calves. Cf. Car. 

Caur, Caurry, adj. left, as opposed to right. 
Cf. Car. 

Caurry-, Caur-handed, adj. left-handed. 

Cause, conj. because. 

Cause, re. sake ; trial in a court ; in phr. 
'hour of cause,' the time of a trial, in 
inferior courts, formerly from 10 A.M. to 
12 noon. 

tCausey, Caussey, re. a causeway, street. — 
v. to pave. 

Causey-clash, re. street gossip. 

Causey-clothes, re. dress in which one may 
appear in public. 

Causey-crown, re. the middle or highest part 
of the road. 

Causey-dancer, re. a gadabout, one who is 
continually on the street. 

Causeyer, re. a pavior, one who makes a 
' causey. ' 

Causey-faced, adj. brazen-faced, unashamed. 

Causey-raker, re. a street-sweeper, a scavenger. 

Causey- stanes, re. cobble-stones, paving- 
stones. 

Causey-tales, re. common news, street news. 

Causey-talk, re. street gossip. 

Causey-webs, re. in phr. ' to make causey- 
webs,' to neglect one's work, and idle in 
the streets. 

tCaution, re. security, guarantee ; a surety. — 
v. to be surety ; to wager ; to guarantee, 
warrant. 

Cautioner, re. a surety for another. 

Cautionry, re. suretyship. 

Cautious, adj. unassuming, kindly, obliging, 
quiet. Cf. Cowshus. 

Cauts, re. the tremulous appearance near the 
surface of the ground in hot sunshine. 

Cave, re. a hen-coop. Cf. Cavie. 

Cave, re. a deficiency in intelligence. 

Cave, v. to push ; to drive backward and 
forward ; to toss ; to toss the head haughtily 
or awkwardly ; to rear and plunge ; to 
topple over ; to climb a steep wall, &c. ; 
to walk awkwardly ; to tread heavily, as in 
mud or from fatigue ; to separate grain from 
broken straw, after threshing ; to separate 
corn from chaff. — re. a stroke, a push ; a toss 
of the head, forelegs, or hands. 

Cavee, n. a state of commotion ; perturbation 
of mind. Cf. Cavy. 

Cavel, re. a low fellow. 

Cavel, v. to quarrel ; to scold. Cf. Cavil. 

Cavel, re. a lot ; a share ; lot, fate, destiny ; a 
division or share by lot ; a ' rig ' of growing 



Censor 

corn on the ' run-rig ' system ; a rod, pole, 

long staff. — v. to divide by lot. 
Cavelling, re. the division by lot. 
Caver, «. a gentle breeze moving the water 

slightly. Cf. Kever. 
Cavie, re. a hen-coop ; the lower part of an 

' aumrie,' or meat-press. 
Cavie, -o. to rear, prance ; to toss the head ; to 

walk with an airy or affected step. 
Cavied, ppl. cooped up. 
Cavie-keek-bo'in', phr. courting near the 

'aumrie-cavie.' 
Cavil, n. a wrangle, quarrel. — v. to argue, 

quarrel ; to scold. Cf. Kevel. 
Cavings, re. the short, broken straw from 

which the grain has been separated after 

threshing. Cf. Kevins. 
Cavy, re. perturbation of mind ; a state of 

commotion. 
Caw, v. to drive, impel ; to hammer. — re. the 

motion of wind-driven water. Cf. Ca'. 
Caw, v. to call ; to call names. Cf. Ca'. 
Caw, re. quick, oppressive breathing. 
Caw-again, v. to contradict. 
CawaVd, ppl. fatigued ; wearied to disgust. 
Cawdah, re. lint. 
tCawdebink-hat, re. a woollen French hat. 

Cf. Caudebec-hat. 
tCawdy, re. a cadet ; 

Caddie. 
Cawer, re. a driver. 
Cawk, re. chalk. Cf. Cutk. 
Cawk, re. the point turned down on a horse- 
shoe. Cf. Culk. 
Cawker, re. the calker of a horseshoe. 
Cawker, re. a morning glass of spirits, a 

' dram.' Cf. Caulker. 
Cawlie, re. a boy ; a disreputable fellow. 

Coulie. 
Cawmer, v. to calm, quiet. 
Cawmril, re. a spawned haddock. 

Cameral. 
Cawnle-licht, re. candle-light. 
Cawper, re. bargain, profit, advantage. 
Cawr, adj. left, as opposed to right. 
Cawsay, Cawsey, re. a causeway, street. 

Causey. 
Cazzie, re. a sack or net made of straw twisted 

and plaited. 
Cazzie-chair, re. an easy-chair made of straw 

twisted and plaited. 
Cea, re. a small tub. Cf. Say. 
Cedent, re. a legal term : one who cedes or 

yields to another, or executes a bond of 

resignation. 
Cell, re. a chain for fastening a cow in a stall. 

Cf. Seal. 
Censor, n. one who calls the roll of students 

at the University and of the scholars of the 

Grammar School at Aberdeen. 



an errand-runner. Cf. 



Cf. 



Cf. 



Cf. 



Censure 

Censure, v. to take toll of. 

Cep, Ceps, Cept, prep, except, but.— conj. 
except, unless, but. 

Cepin, conj. excepting. 

Cert, «. mphr. 'for cert,' beyond a doubt. 

Certainly, adv. accurately, correctly. 

Certaint, adj. certain, sure. 

fCertes, Certis, Certies, Certie, Certy, adv. 
of a truth, certainly. — n. in phi: 'my 
certie,' by my troth, take my word for it. 

Certify, v. to warn of legal consequences of 
disobedience, &c. 

Certiorate, v. to certify ; a legal term. 

Cess, n. a tax, rate ; a local tax ; a pest. 

Cess-money, n. money paid in rates or taxes. 

Chack, n. a slight and hasty refreshment, a 
'snack'; a slight bruise or knock. — v. to 
cut or bruise suddenly ; to prick, 'jag' ; to 
cause moral pain ; to lay hold of anything 
quickly, so as to gash it with the teeth. 

Chack, v. to clack, make a clicking or clink- 
ing noise ; used of the teeth : to chatter with 
cold or fright. 

Chack, it. the wheatear. 

Chack, v. to check, squeeze. — n. a check, 
squeeze. Cf. Check. 

Chack, n. a rut in a road ; a wheel-track. 

Chack, adj. of a check pattern. 

Chack-a-pudding, n. a selfish fellow who 
always seizes what is best at meals. 

Chackart, Chackert, n. the stonechat ; the 
whinchat ; the wheatear ; a term of en- 
dearment or of affectionate reproach. 

Chackie, n. a striped cotton bag for carrying 
a ploughman's clean clothes, &c. 

Chackie, «. the stonechat. 

Chackie, adj. unequal ; full of ruts ; gravelly. 

Chackie, adj. ? dimpled. 

Chackie-mill, n. the death-watch. 

Chackit, ppl. checkered ; of a check-pattern ; 
chequered. 

Chack-lowrie, n. mashed cabbage mixed with 
barley-broth. 

Chack-reel, n. the common reel for winding 
yarn, with a check, or a clicking noise, 
when a ' cut ' of yarn has been wound on it. 

Chad, n. compacted gravel; small stones 
forming a river-bed. 

Chaddy, adj. gravelly. 

Chaet, v. to cheat. — n. a cheat. Cf. Cheat. 

Chaetry, n. cheating. Cf. Cheatery. 

Cha'fause, v. ? to suffer. 

Chaff, v. to chew ; to eat. Cf. Chaft. 

Chaff, v. to chatter, be loquacious. 

Chaff, v. to chafe, rub ; to fret, be angry. -^~ 

n. a. rage ; ill-humour. 
Chaffer, n. the round-lipped whale. 
Chaffer, «. a chafing-dish. 
Chaffie, n. the chaffinch. 
Chaffle, v. to chaffer, higgle. 



79 



Chance 



Chaffrie, n. refuse, rubbish. 

Chaft, n. the jaw, jaw-bone ; in //. chops, 

cheeks. 
Chaft-blades, n. jaws, jaw-bones. 
Chaft-talk, n. prattle, idle talk. 
Chaft-tooth, n. a jaw-tooth, molar. 
Chain-drapper, n. a cheap jeweller who fre- 
quents fairs and professes to give great 
bargains to his own loss and to the advan- 
tage of his customers. 
Chainge, v. to change. Cf. Change. 
tChaip, v. to escape. Cf. Chape. 
Chaip, v. to ask the price of an article on 

sale. — n. purchase, bargain. 
Chaipin, n. inquiry as to price of an article. 
Chair-haffets, n. the upright sides of a high- 
backed easy-chair. 
tChaistain, n. a chestnut. Cf. Chasten. 
ChaiBtifie, v. to chastise. Cf. Chastify. 
Chak, n. a snack. — v. to bite, chew ; to cause 

pain. Cf. Chack. 
Chak, n. a rut ; a wheel-track. Cf. Chack. 
Chalder, n. a measure of grain, nearly eight 

quarters. 
Challenge, v. to rate, scold. — «. a call, 

summons to death. 
Chalmer, n. a room, chamber ; an upper 
room ; a bedroom ; the police-court ; the 
magistrate's room. — v. to closet ; to shut 
up. Cf. Chamber, Chaumer. 
Chalmer-chield, n. a valet or groom of the 

chambers. 
Chalmer-glew, «. secret wantonness, ' cham- 
bering.' 
Chalmerie, n. a small chamber. 
Chalmer o' deis, n. a parlour ; the best bed- 
room. Cf. Chambradeese. 
Cham, v. to chew. 
Chamber, n. any upper room ; a bedroom ; 

the police-court. 
Chamber-bed, n. the bed in the best bedroom. 
Chambered, ppl. adj. closeted ; shut up. 
Chambradeese, n. a parlour; the best bed- 
room. 
Chamer, n. a chamber. 
Chamie, «. the game of ' shinty ' or hockey. 
Chammer, v. to silence, settle, ' shut up. ' 
Champ, «. stamp, quality, kind. 
Champ, n. a mire ; ground trodden and 
mashed by the feet of animals. — v. to chop ; 
to mash ; to crush, bruise. 
tChamp, n. the figure raised on diaper, silk, 

&c. ; tapestry. 
+Champart, n. field-rent ; rent in kind. 
Champers, ChampieB, n. mashed potatoes. 
Champion, adj. first-rate ; very good ; in fine 

health. 
Champit, adj. used of patterns or figures : 

raised on a ground. 
Chance, v. to risk ; to give the chance. 



Chance-bairn 



80 



Chance-bairn, n. an illegitimate child. 

Chancellor, //. the foreman of a jury. 

Chancer, n. a brass button, gilded and lettered. 

Chance-time, n. odd times. 

Chancier, n. a chancellor; foreman of a jury. 

tChancy, adj. lucky, auspicious, presaging 
good fortune ; fortunate, happy ; safe to 
deal or meddle with ; generally with mg. 

tChandler, n. a candlestick. 

Chandler-chafts, n. lantern-jaws ; a meagre 
visage. 

Chandler-pins, n. in phr. ' to be a' on 
chandler-pins,' to be particularly precise or 
nice in speech ; to speak ' fine English.' 

Chang, n. a loud, confused noise, like that of a 
flock of geese. 

Change, n. the custom of one who buys from 
particular persons ; a small inn, a tavern, 
alehouse ; in pi. underlinen. — v. used of 
milk : to turn sour ; of meat, &c. : to de- 
compose ; to exchange ; to substitute, as 
fairies were supposed to do with children ; 
with self, to change one's clothes. 

Change-house, n. an alehouse, tavern. 

Change-keeper, n. a tavern-keeper ; the land- 
lord of a petty inn. 

Change-seata-the-king-is-coming, n. a chil- 
dren's game. 

Change-wife, n. a female tavern-keeper. 

Changy, adj. fickle, given to change. 

Chanler, n. a candlestick. Cf. Chandler. 

Channel, «. gravel from the channel of a 
river. — v. to play at ' curling ' ; to cover 
with gravel, to spread gravel. 

Channelly, adj. gravelly, 'shingly.' 

Channel-stane, n. a curling-stone. 

Channer, Channers, n. gravel. 

Channer, v. to scold fretfully ; to grumble. — 
n. strife ; querulousness. 

Channery, adj. gravelly. 

Channery-, Chanry-kirk, n. a canonry church, 
a church of the canons. 

Chanrock, n. a channel of round stones. 

Chant, v. to speak much pertly, to speak 
with a strange accent, or with an English 
accent. — n. pert language ; a person given 
to pert language. 

Chanter, n. the fingering part of a bagpipe. 

Chanter-horn, n. a shepherd's pipe or reed. 

Chanticleer, n. the fish dragonet. 

Chantie-beak, n. a chatterbox. 

Chanting, ppl. adj. loquacious, pert. 

Chanty, n. a chamber-pot ; a kind of flat- 
topped spinning-top. 

Chap, n. a fellow ; a person ; used humorously 
of a woman ; with auld, the devil. 

Chap, v. to strike a bargain ; to choose, fix 
upon. — n. mphr. ' chap and choice,' a great 
variety to choose from. 

Chap, v. to knock ; to strike ; to hammer ; to 



Chark 

rap ; used of a clock : to strike ; to chop, 
pound, bruise, break in pieces ; to step, 
walk ; with hands, to clasp in betrothing 
or bargaining ; with out, to call a person 
out by tapping at a window ; with yont, to 
get out of the way. — n. a knock, stroke, 
blow with a hammer ; a tap ; used of 
drought : a long period ; the noise of 
breaking waves on a pebbly beach. 

Chap, n. the jaw, the cheek. 

Chap, n. a shop. 

tChape, v. to escape. 

Chapel-folk, n. Episcopalians. 

+Chapin, u. a chopine. Cf. Chappin. 

Chapling, n. of a guild or craft : the loss of 
individual votes of members at an election 
who go with the majority. 

Chapman's-drouth, n. hunger and thirst. 

Chap-mill, n. clappers. 

Chappan, n. tall of stature, clever, lusty, 
' chopping.' 

Chapper, n. a door-knocker. 

Chapper, n. a blacksmith's man who wields 
the sledge-hammer. 

Chapper, n. a ' beetle ' for mashing potatoes, 
&c. 

Chappie, n. a little fellow. 

Chappie, n. a name given to a ghost, from its 
frequent knockings. 

tChappin, n. a chopine ; a dry or liquid 
measure, nearly an English quart. 

Chappin' - hammer, n. a stone - breaker's 
hammer. 

Chappin'-knife, //. a butcher's knife or cleaver. 

Chappin'-stick, n. any instrument or weapon 
used for striking with. 

Chaps me, int. an excl. when one person 
claims a share in anything found by two 
or more persons in company, or when he 
chooses a particular article. 

Chaps ye, int. an excl. used by a person at 
once accepting an offer or bargain. 

Chapterly, adv. used of the meeting of a 
presbytery when all the members are 
present. 

Char'd, n. a leaning-place. 

Chare, n. care, charge ; a ward, one under 
a guardian. Cf. Chiel nor chare. 

•fCharet, n. a chariot. 

Char-filler, ;/. a blast-furnace worker. 

Charge, n. expense, cost. 

Chargeable, adj. costly, expensive. 

Chariot, n. a urinal or chamber-pot, 

Charitcher, u. the Shorter Catechism. 

Chark, v. to make a grating noise, as teeth 
in biting any gritty substance ; to make a 
grinding, grunting noise ; to be continually 
complaining, to be querulous ; of a bird : 
to repeat a melancholy call ; to chirp as a 
cricket. 



(sharker 



81 



Charker, n. a cricket. 

Charlie-mufti, n. the whitethroat. 

Charnle-, Charnal-pins, n. the pins on which 

the hinges of machinery turn; mphr. 'to 

miss one's charnle-pins,' to be unable to 

stand straight through intoxication. 
Chaser, n. a ram with only one testicle. 
Chass-window, n. a sash-window. Cf. Chess. 
tChasten, n. chestnut. Cf. Chaistain. 
Chastify, v. to chastise, castigate. 
Chastise, v. to abridge. 
Chat, n. chatter, talkativeness, pert language. 
Chat, n. a lunch, slight refreshment. 
Chat, 11. an opprobrious epithet addressed to 

a child ; a chit. 
Chat, n. the gallows. 
Chat, v. to bruise slightly ; to chafe, rub. 
Chat, n. a call to swine. 
Chat-dinner, n. a little bit of dinner. 
Chatter, v. to divide a thing by causing many 

fractions ; to shatter ; to break' suddenly 

into small pieces ; to tear, bruise. — n. a 

bruise ; the act of shattering. 
Chatter, v. to rattle. 
Chattering-bit, -piece, n. a piece of oatcake 

eaten on leaving the water after bathing 

in the open air. 
Chattle, v. to nibble, chew, chew feebly ; to 

eat as a lamb or a young child. 
Chatty-puss, n. a call to a cat. Cf. Cheetie. 
tChaudmallet, Chaudmelle\ n. a sudden broil 

or quarrel ; a blow, a beating ; homicide in 

a passion. 
Chauffer, n. a person of bad disposition. 
Chauks, 11. a sluice. 
Chaum, v. to chew voraciously ; to eat up. 

Cf. Cham. 
Chaumer, n. a chamber. Cf. Chalmer, 

Chamber. 
Chaumerie, n. a small chamber. 
Chauner, v. to fret ; to grumble. Cf. Charmer. 
Chaunter, n. the pipe of the bagpipe. Cf. 

Chanter. 
Chaup, v. to strike a bargain. Cf. Chap. 
Chaup, v. to knock, strike, hammer ; to tap. 

Cf. Chap. 
Chaut, v. to chew feebly ; to chew with a 

crackling sound. 
Chauther, n. a 'chalder,' a grain-measure. 

Cf. Chalder. 
Chauttle, v. to nibble. Cf. Chattle. 
Chauve, adj. used of cattle : having white hair 

pretty equally mixed with black ; of a 

swarthy person : pale. 
Chaveling, n, a spokeshave. Cf. Shavelin. 
Chaw, v. to chew ; to fret or cut by attrition ; 

to vex, provoke ; to be sulky, feel annoyed. 

— n. a mouthful ; a quid of tobacco ; a 

bitter and envious disappointment which 

shows itself in face and eyes ; with words, 

6 



Cheep 

to speak indistinctly ; with upon, to brood 
upon, to think over. 

Chawchling, ppl. adj. eating like a swine. 

Cheap, adj. phr. ' cheap o't,' thoroughly de- 
serving of it, ' serves one right.' 

Cheap-good, adj. cheap. — n. a good bargaia 

Chearer, n. a glass of toddy. Cf. Cheerer. 

Cheat, n. a call to cats. Cf. Cheet. 

Cheat, u. to deceive, mistake, used imperson- 
ally or in passive. 

Cheatery, Cheatry, n. cheating, fraud, decep- 
tion. — adj. fraudful, deceitful, false. 

Cheats, n. the sweetbread. 

Cheat-the-wuddy, n. a gallows-knave, one 
who deserves to be hanged. 

Check, n. the wheatear. Cf. Chack. 

Check, v. to bite ; to bruise ; to clack. — «. a. 
slight bruise ; a slight refreshment, a 
'snack.' Cf. Chack. 

Check-reel, n. a reel for winding yarn. Cf. 
Chack-reel. 

Check-spail, n. a box on the ear or on the 
cheek. 

Check-weigher, n. the man who checks the 
weight of coal on the surface. 

Cheek, v. with in with, to flatter, curry favour ; 
with up, to use insolent language ; with up 
till, to court, to make love to. — n. the side 
of a place, post, door, or fire ; a door-post ; 
a gate-post ; the side of a loaf of bread ; 
impertinence. 

Cheek-aside, adv. on the side of the ' cheek ' ; 
beside the ' cheek. ' 

Cheek-blade, n. the cheek-bone. 

Cheek-bone, -rack, n. the bridle of the 
twelve-oxen plough. 

Cheek-for-chow, adv. side by side, close to- 
gether. 

Cheek-hafflt, n. the side of the face or 
head. 

Cheekie, adj. full of cunning ; forward ; im- 
pertinent. 

Cheekie-for-chowie, «. a dainty made of oat- 
meal, butter, and sugar. 

Cheekie-, Cheek-for-chowie, adv. side by side. 

Cheek-spool, n. a box on the ear ; a blow on 
the cheek. Cf. Check-spail. 

Cheel, Cheelie, n. a young fellow. Cf. Chield. 

Cheemist, n. a chemist, druggist. 

Cheen, v. to chain. — n. a chain. 

Cheenge, v. to change. Cf. Change. 

Cheeny, n. china ; a boys' china marble. 

Cheep, n. a chirp, cry of a young bird; a creak, 
faint noise; a soft or light kiss; a word, 
hint, least mention.— v. to chirp, cry like a 
young bird ; to squeak like a mouse or rat, 
to creak like a shoe or door ; to speak 
feebly or quietly ; to make a slight sound ; 
to disclose a secret, tell, only a little ; of 
grain : to begin to sprout in malting. 



Cheepart 



82 



Chin 



Cheepart, «. the meadow-pipit ; a small 

person with a shrill voice. 
Cheeper, n. a half-fledged bird, a young 

grouse or partridge; a silent kiss; the 

cricket ; the bog-iris. 
Cheer, n. a chair. 
Cheese, n. the receptacle of the thistle, Carduus 

lanceolatus ; in phr. ' not to say cheese,' to 

say nothing. 
Cheese-breaker, n. a curd-crusher. 
Cheese-brizer, n. a cheese-press. 
Cheese-drainer, n. a vessel for draining whey 

from the curd. 
Cheese-ford, n. a cheese-press. Cf. Chess- 
ford. 
Cheese-hake, -rack, n. a frame for drying 

cheese. 
Cheese-loft, n. an upper room in a dairy 

reserved for the storing and ' ripening ' of 

cheese newly made. 
Cheese-set, «. a cheese-press. 
Cheese-stane, n. a large, heavy stone, worked 

with a screw, for pressing cheese. 
Cheese-tub, -vat, n. a tub for pressing cheese. 
Cheet, n. a call to cats ; a cat. 
Cheetie, n. a call to cats ; pussy. 
Cheetie-bautherin, n. a cat. Cf. Baudrons. 
Cheetie, v. to chirp, pipe, warble. 
Cheik, n. a brass button. 
Cheim, v. to divide equally ; to cut down the 

backbone of an animal equally. 
Cheip, v. to chirp ; to creak. Cf. Cheep. 
Cheir, v. to cut, wound. 
Cheirs, ». scissors, 'shears.' 
Cheitle, v. to chirp. Cf. Cheetie. 
Chenyie, n. a chain. 
Cherk, v. to emit a grating sound ; to creak. 

Cf. Chirk. 
Cherry, «. a red worsted knob on the top of 

a man's 'bonnet.' 
Chesbow, n. the poppy. 
+CheBS, n. the sash or frame of a window. 
Chess, n. the quarter or smaller division of an 

apple or pear cut regular into pieces ; the 

'lith' of an orange. 
Chessart, Chessirt, n. a tub for pressing 

cheese. 
Chessel, Chessil, n. a 'chessart.' Cf. Ches- 

well. 
Chessford, n. a ' chessart. ' 
Chest, n. a large box for holding meal, bread, 

&c. ; a coffin. — v. to put into a coffin. Cf. 

Kist. 
Chester-barley, -bear, n. a coarse barley with 

four rows on each head. 
Chesting, n. the ceremony of putting a corpse 

into the coffin, the 'coffining.' 
Cheswell, 11. a cheese press or vat. — v. to 

press cheese in a val. 
Chettoun, n. the setting of a precious stone. 



Cheugh-jean, n. a jujube. 

Chevalier, n. a favourite son. 

•KSheveron, n. a kid glove. 

Chew, v. to stew. 

Chew, int. a call to a dog to get out of the 

way, or of reproof. 
Chice, n. choice. 

Chick, int. a call to chickens, &c. 
Chick, n. a tick ; a beat. — v. to tick, make 

a clicking noise. 
Chicken, adv. cowardly, timid. 
Chicken-weed, -wort, ». chickweed. 
Chicker, v. to cluck as a hen. 
Chickmarly, n. a hen gray and black. 
Chickstane, «. the wheatear. 
Chide, n. a chiding, scolding. 
Chief, adj. intimate, friendly, ' thick. ' 
Chield, Chiel, n. a child ; a fellow, a man ; 

a son ; a daughter ; a young man or 

woman, a stripling ; a valet, a servant ; a 

term of fondness or intimacy. 
Chiel nor (or) chare, phr. kith nor (or) kin ; 

belongings, relations. 
Chier, v. to cut, to wound. Cf. Cheir. 
Chiff, v. to spit, making a noise or puff with 

the lips. 
Chiffer-oot, n. one who bears a name tabooed 

among fishermen of the N. E. of Scotland. 
Chilcorn, n. a blackhead on the face. Cf. 

Shillcorn. 
Childer, n. children. 
Chill-cauld, adj. nearly frozen. 
Chilpy, adj. chilly, chilled. 
Chim, v. to take by small portions. 
Chim, n. a friend, a ' chum. ' 
Chimbla, Chimblay, n. ■ a chimney. Cf. 

Chimney. 
Chim-cham, v. to talk in a long-winded, un- 
decided way. 
Chimins, «. 'sowens,' furmenty. 
Chimla, Chimley, n. a chimney. Cf. Chim- 
ney. 
Chirnla-brace, «. the mantelpiece ; the beam 

supporting ' cat and clay ' chimneys in 

cottages. 
Chimla-can, n. a chimney-pot. 
Chimla-cheek, n. the fireside; the side of 

the grate ; an insertion to lessen the size 

of the grate. 
Chimla-end, n. the wall of a room where the 

fireplace is. 
Chimla-heid, ». a chimney-top. 
Chimla-lug, n. tlje fireside. 
Chimla-nook, n. the fireside or a corner near 

it. 
Chimla-ribs, n. the bars of a grate. 
Chimney, n. a grate, fireplace ; the fire. 
Chin, n. a primitive knocker, being a metal 

boss fixed on the door-post, and struck by 

any one wishing admittance. 



China 

China, n. a. boys' painted china marble. Cf. 
Cheeny. 

Chin-cloth, n. a kind of mask for the lower 
part of the face. 

Chine, n. that part of the staves of a barrel 
which projects beyond the head. 

Chingle, «. gravel free from dirt ; sea-gravel, 
shingle. 

Chingly, Chingily, adj. gravelly. 

Chink, «. money, cash. 

Chink, n. the reed-bunting. 

Chinkie, n. the chin. 

Chinlie, adj. gravelly, shingly. Cf. Chingly. 

Chintie-chin, n. a long chin, a projecting 
chin. 

Chip, v. to chop, cut with an axe ; used 
of seeds, buds, &c. : to burst, sprout, ger- 
minate ; of young birds : to begin to crack 
the shell, to prepare for necessary flight ; 
to be in the early stage of pregnancy ; used 
of ale : to begin to ferment in the vat. 

Chip, n. beaver for hats. 

Chip-hat, n. a beaver-hat. 

Chippie-burdie, n. a promise made to pacify 
a child. 

Chippit, ppl. adj. touched with liquor. 

Chirk, v. to emit a grating sound ; to creak, 
squeak ; to grind with the teeth, to gnaw. — 
n. a grating sound, a sound made by the 
teeth when rubbed together, or by one 
hard body rubbing against another. 

Chirking, ppl. adj. shifty, tricky. 

Chirkle, v. to grind the teeth. 

Chirl, v. to chirp, warble merrily ; to whistle 
shrilly ; to emit a low, melancholy sound, as 
birds do in winter or before a. storm ; to 
laugh immoderately. — n. a low, melancholy 
sound ; chirping. 

Chirle, n. a double chin ; the wattles or barbs 
of a cock. 

Chirle, Chirlie, n. a small piece of anything 
edible ; a piece of coal of intermediate size 
between the largest and small coal used in 
smithies. 

Chirlie, adj. well-shaped ; of a handy size ; 
suitable, handy for use. 

Chirm, «. the note or song of a bird ; a low, 
murmuring, mournful conversation. — v. to 
chirp, sing ; to make a low, melancholy 
note, as a bird before a storm ; to warble, 
'croon,' hum ; to murmur, fret, complain. 

Chirm, n. a small or undeveloped thing ; in 
pi. the early shoots of grass. 

Chirnells, n. small hard swellings in the 
neck-gland,s of young people. Cf. Kernel. 

Chirper, n. the cricket. 

Chirple, v. to twitter as a swallow. — n. a 
twittering note. 

Chirr, v. to chirp ; to emit a shrill sound. — 
n. the call of a partridge. Cf. Churr. 



83 Choffer 

Chirt, v. to make a grating noise with the teeth. 

— n. a grating noise. Cf. Chirk. 
Chirt, v. to squirt with the teeth; to press, 

squeeze ; to press out ; to act in a grip- 
ping manner ; to practise extortion. — n. a 

squeeze ; a squirt ; a small quantity. 
Chirt, z>. to press hard at stool. 
Chirt, v. to restrain laughter. 
f Chirorgeon, n. a surgeon. 
+Chirurgerie, n. surgery. 
Chisell, v. to press in a cheese-press. — n. a 

cheese-press. Cf. Cheswell. 
Chiskin, n. the wheatear. Cf. Chickstane. 
Chialet, ppl. adj. engraved. 
Chisp, n. a gap in the woof of cloth. 
Chissat, n. a cheese-press. Cf. Chessart. 
Chit, re. a small bit of bread or of any kind of 

food. 
Chit, re. a call to a cat ; a cat. Cf. Cheet. 
Chits, re. the sweetbread. Cf. Cheats. 
Chitter, v. to tremble ; to shiver from cold ; 

of the teeth : to chatter ; to twitter ; to 

chirp. — re. a fragment ; a piece broken by 

a fall. 
Chitter-chatter, re. foolish talk ; the chatter- 
ing of the teeth from cold. — v. to chatter ; 

to talk foolishly. — adv. in a chattering 

fashion. 
Chitterie-chatterie, re. a piece of bread eaten 

immediately after bathing. 
Chittering, n. talking, chattering. 
Chittering-bit, -chow, -piece, re. a piece of 

bread eaten immediately after bathing in 

the open air. 
Chitterling, re. an old-fashioned shirt-frill. 
Chittery, n. small, backward fruit ; small, 

bad potatoes. 
Chittle, v. to eat corn from the ear, to pull off 

the husks with the teeth. 
Chittle, v. to warble, to chatter, to twitter, 

chirp. 
Chittler, re. a small bird of the titmouse 

species. 
Chitty-faee, re. a thin, pinched, or childish 

face ; one who has a thin face. 
Chiver, v. to shiver. 
Chivery-, Chivering-chow, re. a piece of bread 

eaten just after bathing. 
Chize, v. to choose. Cf. Chice. 
Chizer, re. a chooser. 
Chizors, re. scissors. 
Chizzard, Chizzat, Chizat, n. a cheese-press. 

Cf. Chessart. 
Chizzel, re. a cheese-press. — v. to press cheese. 

Cf. Cheswell. 
Chizzel, ;'. to cheat. 

Choak, v. to stifle ; to check ; to choke. 
Choalt, 11. a foster-brother. 
Chock, n. the croup. 
Choffer, n. a chafing-dish. 



Choice 84 

Choice, Choise, v. to choose. 

Choiced, v. fret, chose. 

Choicen, ppl. chosen. 

Choke-a-block, adv. quite full, chock-full. 

Choke-band, n. a leather band for fastening 

the bridle round the jaws of a horse. 
Choke-rope, n. a rope used to clear the throat 

of a cow that chokes in eating turnips. 
Choi, n. the jowl. 
Choller, Choler, n. a double chin ; the flesh 

covering the jaw of man or beast, when fat 

and hanging ; in pi. the gills of a fish. Cf. 

Chuller. 
Choo, int. a call to silence a dog. Cf. Chew. 
Chookie, n. a chicken, hen, &c. — int. a call 

to fowls. 
Chool, n. the jowl; a whine. — v. to distort 

the face ; to whine. Cf. Chowl. 
Choop, n. the fruit of the wild-briar. 
Choosed, v. pret. chose. 
Choowow, v. to grudge, grumble. 
Choowowing, n. grumbling. 
Chop, n. a shop. 
Chop, v. to go on, proceed. 
Chop, n. a ' chap,' a crack. 
Chops me, int. an expletive. Cf. Chaps me. 
Chore, n. a company, a party. Cf. Core. 
Chork, v. to make a grating noise. Cf. Chirk. 
Chorp, v. used of shoes : to creak or squeak 

when there is water in them. 
Chouk, n. the jaw, cheek, neck ; a gland of 

the throat. 
Choup, n. the fruit of the briar. Cf. Choop. 
Chouskie, n. a knave. 
Chow, v. to chew. — n. a chew; a quid of 

tobacco. Cf. Chaw. 
Chow, n. the wooden ball used in ' shinty ' ; the 

game of ' shinty ' ; a bullet-head. 
Chow, n. the jowl. Cf. Choi. 
Chow'd mouse, n. a worn-out person ; one 

who is ' seedy ' after a night's debauch. 
Chowks, n. the jaws ; the throat ; the neck- 
glands. Cf. Chouk. 
Chowl, v. to distort the face ; to whine ; to 

emit a mournful cry. — n. a mournful cry ; a 

whine. Cf. Showl. 
Chows, n. a small coal used in forges. 
Chowtle, v. to chew feebly, like a child or 

old person. 
Choyse, v. to choose. Cf. Choice. 
Chraisy, n. a cap or bonnet covering the head 

and the back of a woman's neck. Cf. Crazy. 
Christendie, n. Christendom. 
Christening-bit, n. a 'piece' of bread, of 

cheese, and of gingerbread given to the first 

person met, by those carrying the child to 

be baptized. 
Christenmass, n. Christmas. 
Christmas-flower, «. black hellebore. 
Chub, 11. a chubby child. 



Cit 



Chuck, int. a call to fowls. — n. * fowl, 

chicken ; a term of endearment. 
Chuck, n. a pebble ; a boys' marble ; a girls' 

game played with pebbles or shells. 
Chuck, v. to toss or throw anything smartly 

from the hand. 
Chucken, n. a chicken. 
Chucken-heartit, adj. faint-hearted. 
Chucket, n. the blackbird. 
Chuckie, n. a hen, a chicken. — int. a. call to 

fowls. 
ChucMe-stane, n. a small pebble ; a small 

fragment of quartz, &c, as in the crop of 

hens ; in pi. a girls' game with small 

pebbles. 
Chuckle, v. to nurse, look after children. 
Chuckle-head, n. a stupid person, a dolt. 
Chucks, n. the game of ' chuckie-stanes.' 
Chuffie, adj. fat, chubby of cheek. 
Chume-cheekit, adj. fat-faced. 
Chume-cheeks, n. a fat-faced child. 
Chug, v. to tug at an elastic substance ; to 

pull, jerk. 
Chuist, ii. pret. chose. 
Chuller, n. a double chin ; a fat and hanging 

jaw. Cf. Choller. 
Chum, n. food, provisions; 'chump.' 
Chumla, n. a chimney. Cf. Chimla. 
Chump, n. a short, fat person ; a sharp blow ; 

the head. 
Chun, n. the sprout of grain or potatoes. — v. 

of potatoes : to sprout ; to nip off the shoots 

to prevent sprouting. 
Chunner, v. to grumble, mutter, murmur. 

Cf. Channer. 
Chunnering, n. grumbling. 
Church-and-mice, n. a children's game. 
Churl, v. to chirp. Cf. Chirl. 
Churm, v. to tune, sing ; to grumble. — «. a 

low, murmuring conversation. Cf. Chirm. 
Churnels, n. small, hard swellings in the neck- 
glands of children. Cf. Kernel. 
Churn-staff, n. the staff fitted for working in 

the old-fashioned churn. Cf. Kirn-staff. 
Churr, v. to chirp, twitter ; to coo, to murmur; 

to call as a moorcock, partridge, &c. — ». 

the call of a partridge, &c. 
Churr-muffit, n. the whitethroat. 
Churr-owl, n. the night-jar. 
Chuttle, v. to chew feebly. Cf. Chowtle. 
tChymy, «. chemistry. 
Chynge, v. to change. 
tCiel, Cielery, n. ceiling. 
Cinder, «. spirits mixed with water, tea, &c. 
Circumduce, v. a legal term : to declare time 

elapsed for introducing evidence. 
Circumjack, v. to enfold closely ; to correspond 

with, agree to. 
Cirssen, v. to baptize. Cf. Kirsen. 
Cit, n. the civet. 



Civileer 

Civileer, n. an inquisitor formerly appointed 
by the Town Council and the kirk-session 
of Glasgow to apprehend persons taking a 
walk on the Sabbath-day. 

Civils, n. civil matters as distinguished from 
criminal. 

Claaick, n. the state of having all the corn on 
a farm reaped, but not ' led ' to the stack- 
yard ; the harvest-home. 

Claaick-sheaf, n. the last handful of corn cut 
down by the reapers. 

Claaick-supper, «. the feast formerly given 
on the cutting down of the corn, but latterly 
when the crop is stacked. 

Claams, n. a shoemaker's pincers. Cf. Clams. 

Claar, n. a large wooden vessel. 

Clabber, n. soft, sticky mud ; mud on a 
roadway ; mire ; a handful, a dollop. — v. 
to cover with mud or dirt. 

Clabby, adj. sticky. 

Clachan, n. a hamlet, village, containing a 
church ; a village alehouse. 

Clachan-howdie, n. a village midwife. 

Clach-coal, n. candle or parrot coal. 

Clacher, v. to move onwards slowly and with 
difficulty and clumsily. 

Clack, n. the clapper of a mill ; the noise 
made by hens, &c. ; noisy talk ; slander or 
impertinent talk ; gossip ; a female scandal- 
monger, gossip. — v. to cackle like a hen, 
&c. ; to cry incessantly or . clamorously ; to 
clatter, resound, echo ; to chatter, talk 
gossip or scandal. 

Clack, n. a kind of toffee or treacle-candy. 
Cf. Claggie. 

Clacken, n. a wooden hand-bat or racket, 
used by the boys of the Edinburgh Academy 
and High School. 

Clacker, v. to progress slowly and with diffi- 
culty. Cf. Clacher. 

Clacking, n. talking ; gossip. 

Clackrie, n. talk, gossip, chatter. 

Clad, ppl. adj. thickly covered, thronged ; 
accompanied, attended by. 

Cladach, n. talk. Cf. Cleitach. 

Clade, v. to clothe. 

Claes, a. clothes. 

Claes-beetle, n. a mallet for beating clothes 
in washing. 

Claff, n. the cleft or part of a tree where the 
branches separate. 

Claffie, adj. disordered, dishevelled. — ». a 
slattern. 

Clag, v. to clog, cover with mud, glue, &c; 
to dirty, bemire. — n. clay, mud, &c. adher- 
ing to shoes, skirts, &c. ; an encumbrance, 
burden ; fault, imputation of blame ; a mess 
of food. 

Claggie, Claggim, n. a sticky sweetmeat made 
of treacle. 



35 



Claithman 



Claggie, adj. glutinous ; adhesive ; spotted 
with mire ; miry. 

Clagginess, n. adhesiveness in moist, miry 
soils, substances, &c. 

Claggock, n. a draggle-tail ; a dirty wench. 

Claghan, n. a small village. Cf. Clachan. 

Clagher, v. to move slowly, clumsily, and 
with difficulty. Cf. Clacker. 

Claich, v. to besmear ; to work a viscous or 
semi-liquid stuff in a disgusting fashion ; to 
walk in mud or wet soil in a disgusting 
fashion ; to expectorate greatly, to clear 
one's throat. — n. the act of besmearing or 
working viscous stuff in a dirty way. 

Claichie, adj. viscous, sticky, ' messy. ' 

Claiching, ppl. adj. untidy, dirty, unskilful, 
' messy. ' 

Claid, v. pret. and ppl. covered, clothed. 

Claik, n. the teredo or ship-worm. 

Claik, v. to bedaub or dirty with any viscous 
substance. — n. a quantity of dirty or adhesive 
substance. Cf. Claich. 

Claik, v. to cluck, cackle like a hen ; to cry 
clamorously ; to talk much in a trivial way ; 
to tattle, carry tales. — n. the cackle of a 
hen; an idle or false report; f woman 
addicted to talking. Cf. Clack. 

Claik, Claik-goose, n. the barnacle-goose. 

Claik-eaten, adj. bored by the ship-worm. 

Claikie, adj. adhesive, sticky. 

Claiking, ppl. and n. gossiping ; used of 
crows : cawing. 

Claikrie, n. tattling, gossiping. 

Claip, n. the clapper of a mill. 

Clair, v. to search by raking or scratching. — 
adj. distinct, exact, ready, prepared ; con- 
fident, certain. Cf. Clear. 

Clairach, v. to do any kind of domestic work 
in a dirty, awkward manner ; to expecto- 
rate much ; to sit over the fire lazily, as 
if unwell ; to make much ado in nursing a 
person not very ill. — n. a mass of liquid 
or semi-liquid substance ; ill-cooked food. 
Cf. Cloracfi. 

Clairshach, Clairshoe, n. a harp. 

Clairt, v. to besmear ; to be employed in any 
dirty or messy work. — n. any dirty or 
defiling substance ; an habitual slattern ; 
any large, awkward, dirty thing. Cf. 
Clart. 

Claish, n. clothes. Cf. Claes. 

Claister, n. any sticky compound ; a person 
bedaubed with mud or clay. — v. to bedaub, 
plaster. 

Claith, 7i. cloth; phr. 'lang in the claith,' 
long in the dead-clothes, long dead and 
buried. 

Claithing, n. clothes, clothing. 

Claith-like, adj. comfortably clothed. 

Claithman, n. a clothier, a woollen draper. 



Claiver 



86 



Claiver, v. to talk idly or foolishly. — n. idle 
talk, nonsense. Cf. Claver. 

Clake, n. the barnacle-goose. Cf. Claik. 

Clake, v. to cackle ; to gossip. — n. a gossip. 
Cf. Clack. 

Clam, adj. mean, low ; a schoolboys' word. 

Clam, n. a scallop-shell. Cf. Clam-shell. 

Clam, v. pret. climbed. 

Clam, v. to grope at, grasp ineffectually. — 
n. in pi. an instrument for weighing gold, 
like a forceps ; a vice or pincers used 
by saddlers and shoemakers ; nippers used 
by farriers for castration of animals, and by 
shipwrights for drawing strong nails. 

Clam, v. to besmear, daub ; to stop a hole 
with an adhesive substance. — adj. moist, 
clammy, sticky. 

Clamb, v. pret. climbed. 

Clamehewit, Clamiehewit, Clamahouit, n. a 
stroke, blow ; a drubbing ; a misfortune. 

Clamersum, adj. clamorous. 

Clamjamfry, Clamjamphrey, n. a company 
of people ; a mob ; a vulgar crowd ; the 
'riff-raff'; trumpery, odds and ends; non- 
serisical talk. — v. to crowd, to fill with a 
rabble. 

Clammer, v: to clamber, climb. 

Clammersome, Clamoursome, adj. clamorous. 

Clammyhewit, n. a stroke ; a drubbing ; a 
misfortune. Cf. Clamehewit. 

Clamp, n. a small heap of peats. — v. to put 
peats in ' clamps ' ; to heap up potatoes, 
turnips, &c. in a mound. 

Clamp, n. an iron brace to strengthen 
masonry. — v. to hoop or brace with iron. 

Clamp, n. a patch. — v. to patch clothes. 

Clamp, v. to make a noise with the shoes in 
walking ; to walk with a heavy and noisy 
tread ; to crowd things together noisily ; to 
walk on ice with ' clamps ' on the shoes. 
— n. a noisy blow or stroke ; a heavy 
footstep or noisy tread ; a piece of spiked 
iron fastened to the sole of the shoe by a 
strap across the instep, worn by curlers on 
the ice, ' cramp. ' 

Clamper, v. to patch, mend, or make clumsily ; 
to patch up accusations industriously. — n. 
a piece of metal with which a vessel is 
mended ; the vessel thus mended ; argu- 
ments formerly answered ; » patched-iip 
handle for crimination. 

Clamper, v. to make a clattering noise in 
walking ; to crowd things together noisily. 
— n. a slout, heavy shoe. 

Clamper, v. to fight a thing out. 

Clampers, n. claws, pincers used for castrating 
animals. 

Clampet, n. a piece of iron worn on the shoes 
by curlers on the ice ; the guard of a sword- 
handle. Cf. Crampit. 



Clapper-stick 

Clamph, v. to walk heavily, as in too large 
shoes. Cf. Clomph. 

Clampher, v. to litter, strew in confusion. 

Clamp-kill, n. a kiln built of sods, for burning 
lime. 

Clamsh, n. a piece of wood with which a 
thing is clumsily mended. — v. to splice two 
pieces of wood together. 

Clam-shell, n. a scallop-shell ; in pi. wild 
sounds supposed to be made by goblins in 
the air. 

Clan, n. a coterie, group, class, ' set ' of people. 

Clanch, n. an unmannerly person who eats 
like a pig. 

Clanglumshous, adj. sulky. 

Clanjamph, Clanjamfry, Clanjamphries, n. 
low, worthless people. Cf. Clamjamfry. 

Clank, v. to strike with noise ; to thrash ; to 
seat one's self noisily and violently ; to take 
hold of noisily and violently. — n. a hasty 
catch ; a sounding noise ; a severe blow ; 
chatter. 

Clankum-bell, «. a bellman. 

Clankum-jankum, n. the noisy working of a 
pump-handle. 

Clanter, n. the noise made by walking in a 
house with clogs. 

Clap, v. to press down ; to sit or lie down ; 
to crouch ; to lie flat ; to place down or on 
hastily ; to pat, fondle ; to smooth with » 
flat implement ; to slam ; to beat the arms 
for warmth ; to strike with a noise ; 
to adhere ; to halt, tarry ; with down, to 
write down ; with to, to shut ; with up, to 
imprison. — n. a stroke ; the tongue of a 
bell ; the clapper of a mill ; a heavy fall ; 
the sound of a heavy fall ; a watchman's or 
town-crier's rattle ; a night-watchman's pole 
for rousing sleepers in the morning by 
knocking on their windows ; a moment. 

Clapdock breeches, n. breeches tightly made 
round the breech. 

Clap-door, n. the lower half of a door divided 
in the middle ; a trap-door. 

Clapman, n. a public crier. 

Clap-mill, n. 'clappers,' used like castanets. 

Clapper, n. a wooden rattle for scaring birds ; 
a door-knocker; a watchman's rattle; a 
talkative person's tongue ; a talkative person ; 
a sharp, rattling noise ; the contrivance in a 
mill for shaking the hopper so as to move 
the grain down to the millstones. — v. to 
make a rattling noise. 

Clapper, n. a rabbit's hole. 

Clapperclash, n. gossip. 

Clapperclaw, v. to strike a blow, as a spider 
at a fly ; to scratch in fighting. 

Clappers, n. two pieces of wood or bones 
used like castanets. 

Clapper-stick, n. the 'clapper' of a mill. ' 



Clappertie-clink 



Clappertie-clink, re. the sound of a mill- 
' clapper.' 

Clappit,///. adj. used of a horse : shrunk in 
the flesh after great fatigue ; flabby. 

Clappity, adj. talkative. 

Clark, re. a clerk. — v. to act as an amanuensis 
or clerk ; to write. 

Clarried, ppl. adj. besmeared with mud. 

Clart, re. a spot of dirt, mud ; any sticky 
substance ; a dirty, slovenly woman ; a 
worthless article or person. — v. to daub, 
smear with mud or dirt ; to work in a 
sloppy fashion ; to nurse a child to an 
excessive degree With little good effect. 

Clarty, adj. dirty, sticky, filthy ; muddy ; 
miry. — v. to dirty, befoul. 

Clash, re. the sound made by a heavy blow or 
fall, a blow, slap ; a heavy fall ; a quantity 
of moist or soft substance thrown at an 
object ; a heap of any heterogeneous sub- 
stances, a mess ; a large quantity of any- 
thing ; a sudden shock ; a dash ; the 
throwing of a soft body ; something learned 
or repeated by rote ; gossip, tittle-tattle ; 
tale-bearing ; a tale-bearer, a great talker ; 
news.^-z\ to slam, bang, shut violently ; to 
slap with the open hand or something soft ; 
to pelt, throw mud or water, &c. ; to gossip, 
tattle, tell tales ; with up, to cause one 
object to adhere to another, by mortar, &c. 
— adv. with a clashing sound. 

Clash, re. a cavity of considerable extent on 
the acclivity of a hill. 

Clashach, re. a lump of soft stuff. 

Clash-bag, re. a tale-bearer, a great talker ; a 
bundle of scandal, gossip ; a person full of 
low, mean stories. 

dasher, re. a tattler, tale-bearer. 

Clashing, re. gossip, scandal ; a meeting for 
gossip. — ppl. adj. given to tattling. 

Clash-ma-clavers, Clash-ma-claters, n. low, 
idle, scandalous tales ; silly talk. 

Clash-market, re. a tattler, a scandal -monger ; 
one greatly given to gossip. 

Clash-piet, -pyot, re. a tell-tale, scandal- 
monger. 

Claspin, n. a clasp, a bracelet. 

Clasps, re. an inflammation of the termination 
of the sublingual gland, a disease of horses, 
caused by eating bearded forage. 

Clat, re. a clod of earth, turf, &c. ; cow-dung ; 
moist, wet earth ; a mess, a muddle. — v. to 
bedaub, dirty, make a mess. 

Clat, v. to prattle, chatter. 

Clat, re. an instrument for raking together 
dirt, mud, dung ; for clearing the bars of 
a furnace of slag, cinders, ashes ; a hoe ; 
raking together property ; what is scraped 
together by niggardliness ; dirt, mud, dung, 
&c. as gathered in heaps ; a gathering of 



87 Claum 

rags. — v. to rake together, to scrape, scratch 
together ; to accumulate by ' gripping ' or 
extortion ; to clean out a dish, pot, or pan 
with a spoon. 

Clatch, re. a brood of chickens or ducklings. 

Clatch, re. a mess, slop ; mire, dung, &c. 
raked together in heaps ; any soft substance 
thrown in order to daub ; any work done 
carelessly, a clumsily made article ; a fat, 
clumsy woman ; a. slut ; a very loquacious 
woman. — v. to daub with lime ; to close up 
with any adhesive substance ; to finish work 
carelessly and hurriedly. Cf. Clotch. 

Clatch, re. a slap with the palm of the hand ; 
the noise of the collision of soft bodies or 
of a heavy fall. 

Clatch, re. a clutch, a sudden grasp at any 
object. Cf. Clautch. 

Clatchin, re. a brood of chickens or ducklings; 
a ' setting ' of eggs. 

Clate, v. to bedaub ; to dirty. Cf. Clat. 

Clats, re. layers of ' cat and clay,' the materials 
of which a mud-walled cottage is constructed. 

Clatt, v. to dirty; to bedaub. Cf. Clat. 

Clatter, re. noisy talk, chatter, familiar con- 
versation ; gossip ; a chatterer, a gossip ; 
news, idle rumour. — v. to work noisily; to 
chatter, talk fast or familiarly; to gossip. 

Clatterbags, re. a chatterer, a tale-bearer. 

Clatter-bane, re. a bone supposed humorously 
to move when one chatters. 

Clatter-banes, re. bones used as castanets. 

Clatterbus, re. a gossip. 

Clatterer, re. a chatterer, a tale-bearer. 

Clatter-goose, re. the brent-goose. 

Clatter-malloeh, re. meadow trefoil. 

Clattern, re. a tattler, babbler, a gossip. 

Clatter-strap, re. a noisy, chattering person. 

Clatter-traps, re. articles, goods for sale. 

Clatter-vengeance, re. one who talks with a 
'vengeance.' 

Clattie, adj. nasty, dirty, muddy ; obscene. 

Clattilie, adv. nastily, dirtily ; obscenely. 

Clattiness, re. nastiness ; obscenity. 

Clatts, re. cards for teasing wool. Cf. Clauts. 

Clauber, re. soft, sticky mud ; a handful, 
dollop. Cf. Clabber. 

Claucher, v. to use both hands and feet in 
rising to stand or walk ; with up, to snatch 
up ; with to, to move forward to an object 
feebly from old age. Cf. Clacher. 

Claucht, Claught, v. to lay hold of forcibly 
and suddenly, to clutch. — v. pret. clutched, 
caught. — re. a sudden and forcible catch, 
a clutch, a grasp ; a handful ; a blow in 
clutching. 

Clauer, v. to clutch. Cf. Claur. 

Clauick, re. the harvest-home. Cf. Claaick. 

Claum, v. to grope at. — n. a saddlers' vice, 
Cf. Clam. 



Claum 



Cleek 



Claum, v. to besmear, daub. — adj. moist ; of 
ice : beginning to thaw. Cf. Clam. 

Claumy, adj. clammy ; viscous. 

Claur, v. to clutch. 

Claurt, n. a clutch, grasp, scratch. 

Claurt, v. to scrape together. — ». what is so 
scraped. 

Claut. n. a clutch ; a grasping hand ; a hand- 
ful ; a blow ; a scraper with a long handle ; 
a rakeful. — v. to scratch with the nails, 
claw ; to rake or scrape together. Cf. Clat. 

Clautch, n. a clutch, * sudden grasp at any- 
thing. 

Clautie-scone, 11. coarse bread made of oat- 
meal and yeast ; a cake carelessly baked 
and fired. 

Clauts, n. cards for teasing wool. 

Claver, n. clover. 

Claver, v. to talk idly or foolishly ; to chat, 
gossip. — n. one who talks foolishly ; idle 
talk, gossip ; generally in //. 

Claverer, ». a chatterer ; a gossip. 

Clavie, n. a tar-barrel, within which is fixed 
a fir prop, surmounted by the staves of a 
herring-cask, burned at Burghead on New 
Year's Eve to secure a good year's fishing. 

Claw, n. finger, hand ; clutch ; a scratch ; an 
iron spoon for scraping a baking-board. — v. 
to scratch, tear with the claws ; to clutch ; 
to snatch up ; to paw, handle, fondle ; to 
scrape ; to hit ; to do anything smartly ; 
with aff, to eat rapidly and voraciously. 

Claw, n. a clause. 

Clawback, n. a flatterer. 

Claw-hammer coat, n. a swallow-tail coat. 

Clawscrunt, n. an old tree against which 
cattle rub themselves. 

Clay, v. to stop a hole with clay or any viscous 
or adhesive substance ; with up, of the 
eyes: to 'bung up' or blind in boxing. — 
». a boys' clay marble ; the body, the flesh ; 
the grave. 

Clay-biggin, n. a cottage built of clay and 
wood. 

Clay-cauld, adj. quite cold, lifeless. 

Clayer, n. a boys clay marble. 

Clay-hallan, n. a thin partition wall in a 
cottage. 

Clayock, n. the harvest-home. Cf. Claaick. 

Clead, v. to clothe. Cf. Cleed. 

Cleadfu', adj. handsomely dressed. 

Cleading, n. clothing, clothes. Cf. deeding. 

Clean, v. to clear land of weeds, &c. ; to clear, 
remove. 

Clean, «. the after-birth of a cow or sheep. 

Clean, adj. neat, well-made, shapely ; free 
from weeds ; of grain : properly winnowed. 
— adv. altogether, entirely. 

Clean-nttet, adj. having neat feet. 

Clean-fung, adv. cleverly. 



Clean muck, n. nothing but ' muck. ' 

Cleanse, v. to acquit, absolve. Cf. Clenge. 

Clean-shankit, adj. having neat, well-shaped 
legs. 

Cleansing, «. the after-birth of cows, sheep, &c. 

Clean town, ». a farm which all the servants 
leave together at one term. 

Clear, adj. certain, sure, determined ; ready, 
prepared, free from punishment. — adv. cer- 
tainly, confidently. 

Clear, v. to search by raking or scratching ; 
to pay off in full. — n. with def., art. whisky. 

Clearer, u. a water-insect with two rows of 
legs, found in quarry-holes. 

Clear-headed, adj. bald-headed. 

Clearing, n. a scolding ; a beating ; generally 
in//. 

Clear kelty aff, v. phr. to empty one's glass. 

Clear-lowing, adj. brightly burning. 

Clear o' the warld, phr. free of debt, able to 
pay one's way. 

Cleary, adj. ? shrill, sharp. 

Cleave, v. with candles, to make candles of 
bog-fir; with down, to plough to the outside 
and from the middle ridge. 

Cleaving, ». the ' fork ' of the human body. 

Cleck, n. the barnacle-goose. Cf. Claik. 

Cleck, v. to hatch, bring forth ; to invent. 

Cleck, v. to gossip, to be talkative.—;?, idle, 
pert chatter. 

Clecker, n. a sitting hen. 

Cleckie, adj. prolific. 

Cleckin, ppl. adj. gossiping, loquacious. 

Cleckin, n. a brood, litter, family. 

Cleckin-brod, -bred, n. a board for striking 
with at hand-ball, a ' baw-board.' 

Cleckin-hen, n. a sitting hen. 

Cleckin-stane, n. any stone that separates into 
small parts by exposure to the atmosphere. 

Cleckin-time, n. hatching-time; the time of 
birth. 

Cleckit, ppl. adj. hatched, born ; in phr. 
'ill-cleckit,' misbegotten, base-born. 

Cled, ppl. adj. clad, clothed. 

Cled-bow, n. a heaped boll. 

Cled-score, n. twenty-one to the score. 

Cleed, v. to clothe ; to cover over with a pro- 
tection, to shelter, to heap. — n. an article of 
clothing ; dress. 

deeding, n. clothes ; a suit of clothes ; a 
covering of deal-boards ; the outer casing 
of a cylinder-pipe or boiler ; the cover of a 
threshing-mill drum. 

Cleek, v. to seize with the claws, to clutch ; to 
grab, to snatch hastily, roughly, or eagerly ; 
to hook, catch up by a hook, fasten on a 
hook ; to hook arms, walk arm jn arm ; to 
attach one's self to, unite, with, marry ; to 
cheat. — n. a clutch ; the arm ; a hook on 
which to hang pots over the fire ; a shep- 



Cleek 

herd's crook ; a salmon-gaff ; an inclination 

to cheat, a fraudulent disposition. 
Cleek, «. a small catch designed to fall into 

the notch of a wheel ; the latch of a door or 

gate. 
Cleek-anchor, n. a hook-anchor of a boat. 
Cleek-hours, n. the keeping horses in the 

harvest-field yoked for ten hours a day. 
Cleek-in-the-back, n. lumbago ; rheumatism. 
Cleeks, n. cramp in the legs of horses. 
Cleekum, n. a pastoral crook. 
Cleeky, n. a staff or stick with a crooked end. 

• — adj. ready to snatch advantage ; inclined 

to cheat. Cf. Clicky. 
Cleepie, n. a severe blow ; a contusion ; a 

blow on the head. 
Cleer, v. to clear. — adj. bright, shining. Cf. 

Clear. 
Cleesh, n. a large mass of any semi-liquid 

substance. 
Cleesh, v. to repeat any idle story. Cf. Clish. 
Cleeshach, n. the soft part of an animal's 

frame ; the fat or entrails of slaughtered 

animals ; a stout, unhealthy, dirty-looking 

woman. 
Cleester, n. a clyster. 
Cleetit, ppl. adj. emaciated ; lank ; in a state 

of decay. 
Cleevin, n. the ' fork ' of the legs. 
Cleg, n. a gadfly, horsefly ; a prick, sting. 
Cleid, v. to clothe. Cf. Cleed. 
Cleidach, v. to talk. — n. talk. Cf. Cleitach. 
Cleighin, n. something comparatively light. 

Cf. Clichen. 
Cleik, v. to catch. — n. a hook, &c. Cf. 

Cleek. 
Cleik, adj. lively, agile, fleet. 
Cleiro, n. a sharp noise ; a shrill sound. 
Cleish, v. to whip, lash. — n. a whip ; a lash 

from a whip. 
Cleitach, v. to talk in a strange language ; to 

talk inordinately; to chatter as a child. — n. 

talk, discourse. 
deitch, n. a hard, heavy fall. 
Clekan-wittit, adj. childish, feeble-minded. 
Clekin, «. a small wooden bat or racket. Cf. 

Clacken. 
Clem, adj. mean, low ; untrustworthy; curious, 

singular. Cf. Clam. 
Clem, v. to stop a hole by compression, or by 

clay, mortar, &c. Cf. Clam. 
Clench, v. to limp. — n. a limp. Cf. Clinch. 
Clench, v. to clutch with the hands. 
Clenchie-fit, n. a club-foot. 
Clenge, v. to cleanse ; to exculpate, prove 

innocent. 
Clep, v. to call, name. — n. a citation in 

criminal cases. 
Clep, n. an iron hook on which a pot is hung 

over the fire. 



89 Clicky 



Clep, v. to walk or move like a crab. 

Clep, i>. to act as tell-tale or informer ; to 

chatter, prattle, speak pertly. — ;;. tattle, 

loquacity. Cf. Clype. 
Clepie, n. a tattler, chatterbox. — adj. pert, 

talkative. Cf. Clypie. 
Clepped, adj. web-footed ; with the fingers 

webbed. 
Clepping, n. tale-telling. 
Clepshears, n. an earwig. Cf. Clipshears. 
Clerk, n. a scholar. — v. to write, indite, com- 
pose ; to act as an amanuensis. — adj. learned, 

scholarly. Cf. Clark. 
Clerk-curate, n. a priest. 
Clerk-plays, n. theatrical representations of 

scriptural subjects. 
Clert, v. to soil, dirty. Cf. Clart. 
Clet, Clett, n. a rock or cliff in the sea broken 

off from adjoining rocks on the shore. 
Cleuch, adj. clever, dexterous, light-fingered ; 

inclined to take advantage ; niggardly. 
Cleuch, n. a ravine ; a narrow glen ; a deep 

wooded valley ; a coal-pit. 
Cleuch-brae, n. a cliff overhanging a ravine ; 

the slope of a ' cleuch.' 
Cleuchten, n. a fiat-lying ridge. Cf. Scluchten. 
Cleugh, n. a narrow glen. Cf. Cleuch. 
Cleuk, n. a hand ; a claw ; a paw ; a clutch, 

grasp, hold. — v. to seize ; to scratch with 

the claws ; to grip, clutch. 
Cleurach, v. to do domestic work in a 

dirty, awkward manner ; to expectorate 

much ; to sit over the fire, as if in bad 

health ; to fuss while nursing a person not 

very ill. — n. a mass of liquid or semi-liquid 

substance ; ill-cooked food. Cf. Clorach. . 
Clev, v. to reel-up a fishing hand-line after use. 
Clever, v. to climb, to scramble ; to hurry, to 

make haste, look sharp. 
Clever, adj. good, well-behaved ; eloquent, 

fluent of speech, able ; quick, speedy. 
Cleverality, n. ability, cleverness. 
Clew, k. in phr. ' the winding of the clew,' 

a Hallowe'en ceremony to ascertain one's 

future spouse ; wealth amassed. 
Clew, v. pret. clawed. 

Clibber, n. a wooden saddle, a pack-saddle. 
Clichen, n. something comparatively very light. 
Click, n. a moment of time ; a latch of a door 

or gate ; the tick of a clock. — v. to tick as a 

clock, &c. 
Click, v. to seize, catch up hastily, grab, 

steal. 
Click-clack, n. uninterrupted loquacity. 
Clickett-staff, n. a hooked staff. 
Click-for-clack, adv. with ceaseless talk. 
Clicking, n. ticking. 
Clicky, n. a shepherd's crook ; a hooked staff. 

— adj. quick at catching ; ready to take ad- 
vantage of others. Cf. Cleeky. 



Clicky-staff 

Clicky-ataff, n. a hooked staff. 

Clidyoch, n. the gravel-bed of a liver. 

Clien, n. a small heap of stones. 

Cliers, n. a disease affecting the throat of a 
cow ; thick saliva which obstructs the wind- 
pipe. 

Clift, n. a cleft ; the ' fork ' of the legs ; a piece 
of ground separated from the rest. 

Cliftie, adj. clever, fleet, applied to a horse of 
light make and good action ; used of fuel : 
easily kindled and burning brightly. 

Cliftie, adj. rugged, with clefts and fissures in 
ground. 

Cliftiuess, n. the quality of being easily 
kindled and burning brightly. 

Clim, v. to climb. — n. a climb. 

Clime, n. in phr. ' to heeze up to the climes,' 
to extol to the skies. 

dimmer, n. a climber. 

Climp, v. to hook ; to take hold of suddenly ; 
to pilfer. 

Climp, v. to limp, to halt. 

Climpet, n. a sharp-pointed rock. 

Climpie, n. a lame person. 

Climpy, adj. thievish, inclined to purloin. 

Clinch, z>. to limp, to halt ; to feign lameness. 
— n. a halt, a limp. 

Clincher, n. a lame or halt person. 

Cling, v. used of vessels made with staves : to 
shrink with heat, to 'gizzen.' 

Cling, n. the diarrhoea in sheep. 

Cling-and-clang, n. the clinking of glasses, 
&c. 

Clink, «. a sharp metallic sound or ring ; a 
chime ; stroke of a bell ; a smart, resound- 
ing blow ; rhyme, jingling metre ; a woman 
tell-tale ; money, cash, coin ; an instant, 
a moment. — v. to chink, jingle ; to beat, 
thrash ; used of verses : to rhyme, go well 
together, to compose ; to move with a 
clinking sound, walk briskly ; to do any- 
thing smartly or unexpectedly ; to spread 
scandal, to fly as a rumour ; with up, to 
seize forcibly and quickly ; with off, to die. 

Clink, v. to hammer, to weld by hammering, 
to clinch ; to mend, patch clothes ; to hold 
to an agreement ; to jot down in writing. 

Clink, adj. alert. 

Clink-and-clank, n. the clinking of glasses, &c. 

Clinker, n. a tell-tale. 

Clinker, n. anything large or good of its kind. 

Clinkers, n. broken pieces of rock. 

Clinkie, adj. noisy. 

Clinking, ppl. adj. jerking ; used of coin : 
jingling, chinking ; of verses : rhyming, 
jingling. 

Clinking, n. a beating, a thrashing. 

Clinkit, ppl. adj. struck ; mended, clasped ; 
riveted. 

Clink-knock, v. to rhyme easily and readily. 



90 



Clippart 



Clink-nail, n. a nail that is clinched or 
riveted. 

Clinkum, n. a. ringer of a church-bell or of a 
town-bell. 

Clinkum-bell, ». a church- or town-bell ringer. 

Clinkum-clankum, n. a rattling sound in 
which a metallic sound predominates. 

Clinknm-jankum, n. a creaking, rattling 
sound, as when water is drawn from a 
well into a bucket by a pump. 

Clinkum-toll, n. the ringing of a bell. 

Clint, «. a rocky cliff; a projecting rock or 
ledge ; flinty or hard rock ; a hard, tough 
stone used in curling, and first played off. 

Clinted, ppl. adj. used of sheep : caught 
among cliffs by leaping down to a ledge 
from which ascent is impossible by leaping 
back. 

Clinter, n. the player of a ' clint ' in curling. 

Clinty, adj. hard, flinty. 

Clip, n. the foal of a mare ; an unbroken colt. 

Clip, n. a gaff for landing fish ; an instrument 
for lifting a pot from the fire ; one for 
carrying a barrel, &c, between two per- 
sons ; a pincer-shaped wooden implement 
for weeding out thistles ; an instrument like 
tongs, with long wooden handles, formerly 
used to catch dogs intruding into a church. 
— v. to gaff a salmon or other fish ; to catch 
and hold a dog in a ' clip. ' 

Clip, v. to embrace, clasp with the arms ; used 
of a musket-ball : to pass quite close to, 
whiz past almost touching one. 

Clip, v. to cut horses' rough winter coats ; to 
shear sheep ; to cut short, curtail, lessen ; 
to speak indistinctly, to speak fine.- -«. a 
newly shorn sheep ; the yearly sheep-shear- 
ing ; the amount of wool shorn yearly ; a 
smart cuff or blow ; with the, the very thing. 

Clip, n. a wild, romping, pert girl. 

Clip-clouts, n. a sharp-tongued person. — v. 
to argue or speak snappishly ; to talk 
sharply about little or nothing. 

Clipe, v. to scratch with the nails. — «. a 
scratch made by the nails. 

Clipe, v. to fall. Cf. Clype. 

Clipe, v. to drudge. — n. a drudge. Cf. Clype. 

Clipe, v. to chatter ; to tell tales. — n. a tell- 
tale. Cf. Clype. 

Clipfast, «. a pert, impudent girl. 

Clip-house, n. the house formerly set apart 
for defacing or clipping false coin. 

Clipie, adj. talkative ; tattling. — n. a talkative, 
tattling woman. Cf. Clypie. 

Clipmalabor, n. a girl who does as little 
work as possible ; an impudent girl. Cf. 
Slipmalabour. 

Clipock, n. a fall. Cf. Clypock. 

Clippart, n. a shorn sheep. 

Clippart, «. a talkative woman. 



Clipper 

Clipper, n. a sheep-shearer. 

Clipper, n. anything first-rate of its kind. 

Clipper-clapper, n. the sound of a revolving 

mill-wheel or clapper. 
Clipperty-elap, n. 'clipper-clapper.' 
Clippet, ppl. adj. used of language : affected, 

'fine'; indistinct from mincing one's words. 
Clippie, n. a young person wearing too neatly 

cut clothes ; a talkative woman.— adj. sharp 

of speech, snappish, pert. 
Clippie, n. a shorn sheep. 
Clippin', n. sheep-shearing. 
Clippinet, n. an impudent girl, a talkative 

woman. 
Clipping-house, n. the house for clipping 

false coin. 
Clippin'-time, n. the nick of time. 
Clippock, n. a sharp-tongued person. 
Clips, n. shears ; snuffers. 
Clips, n. stories, false tales. 
Clipshears, n. the earwig. 
Clipwit, adj. biting or shrewd of speech. — n. 

a sharp-tongued, quick-witted speaker. 
Clire, n. a gland. Cf. Clyre. 
Clired, ppl. adj. having tumours in the flesh. 
Clish, v. to repeat an idle story. 
dish-clash, n. idle talk ; rumour ; scandal. 
Clish-for-clash, n. ceaseless talking. 
Clish-ma-clash, n. idle talk ; gossip. 
Clish-ma-claver, n. idle talk ; gossip ; false 

or scandalous reports. — v. to indulge in idle 

talk, gossip, &c. 
Clite, v. to fall heavily and noisily. — n. a 

hard, heavy, and sudden fall ; a lump. Cf. 

Clyte. 
Clite, adj. splay-footed. Cf. Clyte. 
Clitie, n. the fall of a child. Cf. Clytie. 
Clitter-clatter, n. a sharp, clattering noise ; 

a succession of rattling sounds ; chatter, 

idle talk, noisy talk. — v. to make a sharp, 

rattling noise ; to walk or run with sharp, 

noisy steps ; to talk a great deal noisily. — 

adv. with a succession of rattling sounds. 
Clitter-clatterin', n. idle talk; the act of 

gossiping. — ppl. adj. given to gossip. 
Clivace, n. a hook for catching the buckets in 

which coals were drawn up from the pit. 
Cliwer, «. clover. 
Cliwie, n. a cleft in the branch of a tree ; an 

artificial cleft in a piece of wood for holding 

a rushlight. 
Cloa, n. coarse woollen cloth, made in the 

Isle of Skye. 
Cloan, n. a large, round mass of dirt. 
Clobber, n. mud, clay, dirt. Cf. Clabber. 
Clobber-hoy, n. a dirty walker, one who be- 
comes muddy in walking. 
Clobbery, adj. dirty, muddy. 
Clocaleddy, n. the ladybird. Cf. Clock-leddie. 
Cloch, v. to cough frequently and feebly. 



91 



Clogger 



Clocharch, «.the wheatear. 
Clocharet, Clochret, «. the stonechat. 
Clocher, v. to cough with much expectoration, 

wheeze. — n. a wheezing in the throat or chest 

with much mucus. 
Clocherin, n. mucous ronchus ; the sound of 

coughing. — ppl. adj. wheezing. 
Clock, v. to cluck ; to hatch, sit on eggs ; to 

call chickens together. — n. the condition of 

a hen when she wishes to ' sit'; a hen's call 

to her chickens. 
Clock, n. a beetle. 
Clock-bee, n. a flying beetle. 
Clocker, n. a sitting hen. 
Clockiedow, n. the river pearl-oyster or 

horse-mussel. 
Clocking, », the act of hatching or desiring 

to sit on eggs ; the disposition or wish to 

marry ; inclination to wantonness. 
Clocking-hen, n. a. brooding or sitting hen ; a 

woman capable of bearing children ; a sum 

of money at interest in a bank. 
Clocking-time, n. the time for hatching ; the 

time of child-bearing ; pregnancy. 
Clock-leddie, n. the ladybird. 
Clocks, n. the refuse of grain. 
Clocksie, Clocksey, adj. vivacious. 
Clod, v. used of crows : to dart up and down 

in flying. 
Clod, n. a clew of yarn, &c. ; a ball of twisted 

straw-rope. 
Clod, ». a small halfpenny loaf or 'bap,' 

made of coarse, brownish flour. 
Clod, n. a single peat or piece of peat. — v. to 

throw as a clod ; to pelt with clods ; to 

fling, dash ; to throw or pile up peats in 

building a stack ; to break clods on land. 
Cloddan, n. flying up and down rapidly. 
Clodder, n. the person who throws up peats 

to the builder of the stack. 
Cloddoch, n. a small heap of stones. 
Cloddy, adj. full of clods. 
Clod-fire, n. a peat-fire. 
Clod-mell, n. a wooden mallet for breaking 

clods. 
Clod-shod, adj. used of a ploughman, &c. : 

having the boots weighted with adhering 

soil. 
Clod-thumper, n. a heavy roller for crushing 

clods on land. 
Cloff, n. a fissure, crevice ; a cleft between 

two hills ; the fork or cleft of a tree where 

a branch joins the trunk. 
Cloffin, n. the act of sitting idly by the fire. 
Clomn, n. the noise made ■ by a loose shoe on 

man or beast. 
Clog, n. a small, short log ; a short cut of a 

tree ; a thick piece of timber. — v. to burden 

an estate. 
Clogger, «. a maker of wooden shoes. 



Cloggie 



92 



Cloggie, n. a wearer of wooden shoes. 

Cloich, n. a place of shelter ; the cavity of a 
rock where one may elude search. 

Cloit, v. to fall heavily down suddenly ; to 
bump down smartly ; to squat down. — n. a 
hard and sudden fall. — adv. suddenly, with 
a bump. Cf. Clyte. 

Cloit, n. a heavy burden ; a clown ; a stupid, 
inactive fellow. 

Cloit, n. an afternoon nap, siesta. 

Cloiter, v. to do dirty work ; to handle liquid 
in a careless or slovenly way. — n. the act of 
working carelessly or dirtily among liquids 
or wet substances. Cf. Clyter. 

Cloitery, adj. dirty ; messy; sticky. — n. dirty, 
messy work ; filth ; offal. Cf. Clytrie. 

Cloitery-maid, n. a female servant whose 
work it was to carry off filth or rubbish. 
Cf. Clytrie-maid. 

Cloitery-market, re. an Edinburgh market 
where the offal of animals was sold. 

Cloitery-wife, n. a woman who cleans and sells 
tripe, &c. 

Clokie-doo, re. the horse-mussel. Cf. Clockie- 
dow. 

Clok-leddy, n. the ladybird. Cf. Clock- 
leddie. 

Clomb, v. pret. climbed. 

Clornph, v. to walk in a dull, heavy manner ; 
to walk in shoes too large or loose. 

Cloo, n. a scraper of heavy sheet-iron, riveted 
on to an ox-hoof, used for scraping scalded 
pigs. 

Clook, n. a claw. — v. to claw, to clutch. Cf. 
Cleuk. 

Cloor, re. a tumour ; a blow ; a dint. — v. to 
strike, indent. Cf. Clour. 

Clooster, re. a cluster ; a group ; a collection 
or bunch of various things ; a miscellaneous 
heap ; a mass of wet or sticky stuff, mud, 
&c. — v. to besmear, to clot. 

Cloot, re. a division of the hoof of cattle, sheep, 
pigs, &c. ; the hoof, foot ; in pi. the devil. 

Cloot, re. a patch; a rag; a garment. — v. to 
patch, mend ; to dress. Cf. Clout. . 

Cloot, v. to beat, cuff. — re. a blow on the head. 
Cf. Clout. 

Clooter, re. the noise made by a badly delivered 
curling-stone. Cf. Clouter. 

Clootie, Clootie-ben, re. the devil. 

Clootie's-craft, re. the devil's croft, the ' good- 
man's field,' a small portion of land set 
apart for the devil, and left untilled. 

Clooty, adj. patched. 

Cloraeh, v. to do domestic work dirtily and 
untidily ; to expectorate greatly ; to sit 
lazily over a fire, as if in bad health ; to 
coddle a sick child or animal by over- 
nursing. — re. a mass of liquid or semi-liquid 
substance ; ill-cooked or ill-served food. 



Cloupie 

Clort, re. any soft, sticky stuff; a thick ban- 
nock ; a lazy, ill -dressed woman. — v. to 
dirty, besmear; to bake ' clorts.' Cf. Clart. 

Clortin, n. a besmearing ; with on, a thick 
besmearing. 

Clorty, adj. dirty, messy. 

Close, re. enclosed land ; a farmyard ; a narrow 
alley ; a blind alley. 

Close, adj. constant ; regular ; reticent ; used 
of weather: oppressive; of evening: dusky; 
foggy ; of 1 fog : thick. — adv. constantly, 
regularly. 

Close, v. to breathe with difficulty from 
cold, &c. 

Close -bed, re. a panelled bedstead with 
wooden hinged or sliding doors, a ' box-bed.' 

Close-cart, re. a farm-cart ; a covered am- 
munition-cart. 

Closeevie, n. a collection, lot, number; mphr. 
'the haill closeevie,' the whole ' hypothec' 

Close-fit, re. the lower or inner end of a 
' close ' or alley. 

Close-head, re. the entrance or mouth of a 
close, opening on a street. 

Close-mouth, re. the principal entrance to a 
' close. ' 

Close-nieved, adj. close-fisted. 

Closer, re. a ' settler ' ; the act of shutting-up. 

Close-siohtit, adj. near-sighted ; short-sighted. 

Close-thonged, adj. tightly laced. 

Closhach, n. a large mass or handful of a 
semi-liquid substance ; a handful ; a gather- 
ing ; money saved ; a person lying in a 
heap ; a dead body. 

Closing, re. a difficulty in breathing from cold, 
asthma, &c. 

Closs, re. a ' close' ; a lane ; a passage through 
a house. 

Clossaeh, re. a ' closhach,' bulk, a body. 

Closter, re. a cloister. 

Clotch, v. to walk heavily, move awkwardly. 
— n. a clumsy, awkward person ; anything 
worn-done ; a person with broken constitu- 
tion ; a bungler. Cf. Clatch. 

Clotch, v. to sit lazily. 

Clotohy, adj. liable to colds. 

Clothes-press, re. a wardrobe. 

Cloth-rund, n. a ' washer ' of cloth on the 
spindle of a roving-box, between the lifter- 
plate and roving. 

Clotter, v. to clot, congeal. 

Cloudberry, re. the ground mulberry. 

Cloudy, adj. threatening, perilous. 

Cloughret, re. the stonechat. Cf. Clocharet. 

Clouk, v. to cluck as a hen. 

Clouks, re. the refuse of grain after sifting in 
a riddle. Cf. Clocks. 

Cloup, re. a curve or bend in a stick. 

Cloupie, re. a walking-stick with the head 
bent in a semicircle. 



Cloupit 

Cloupit, ppl. adj. used of a walking-stick : 
having the head curved. 

Clour, v. to strike, indent, batter, beat.— n. 
a blow ; an indentation ; a lump caused by 
a blow. 

Clouring, n. a beating. 

Clouse, n. a sluice. Cf. Clow. 

Clout, v. to beat, strike with the hands. — n. 
a blow, slap, box on the ear ; a heavy fall. 
— phr. 'to fa' clout,' to fall on the ground 
with force. 

Clout, v. to patch, mend, repair. — n. a patch; 
a rag, a shred of cloth ; a cloth used for 
household purposes ; a sail of a boat ; a 
garment; an infant's napkin ; in//, clothes, 
ragged clothes;/^? - , 'as white's a clout,' 
very pale. 

Clouted, ppl. dressed ; clothed ; patched. 

Clouter, n. the noise made by a badly delivered 
curling-stone. 

Clouty, adj. ragged, patched ; made of cloth- 
clippings. 

Clove, n. an instrument used in preparing flax 
by which those ' shows ' are removed which 
have not been taken off at the ' scutch-mill ' ; 
used of a mill : that which removes the 
bridge-heads ; in pi. an implement of wood, 
closing like a vice, in which carpenters fix 
their saws to sharpen them. — v. to separate 
lint from the stalk. 

Clover-sick, adj. used of land on which 
clover has been grown too often to support 
it further. 

Clow, Clowe, n. a clove ; one of the laminae 
of a head of garlic ; the clove-pink. 

Clow, v. to beat down. 

Clow, v. to eat or sup greedily. 

Clow, n. a sluice. 

Clowg, n. a small bar of wood on a screw pivot, 
fixed to a door to prevent it frombeing opened. 

Clow-July-flower, n. the clove-pink, clove- 
gillyflower. 

Clowk, n. the gurgling in the neck of a bottle 
while its contents are being poured out. — 
v. to gurgle when liquid is poured from a 
full bottle ; to whip up eggs. 

Clowns, k. the butterwort. 

Clowr, v. to strike ; to indent. — n. a stroke, 
indentation. Cf. Clour. 

Clowse, n. a sluice. Cf. Clow. 

Clowtter, v. to work dirtily ; to do dirty 
work. 

Cloyte, n. a hard and heavy sudden fall. — v. 
to fall heavily. Cf. Clyte. 

Club, n. a golf or 'shinty ' club ; a club-shaped 
knot in which men's hair was formerly 
dressed; 'finger and toe' in turnips. — v. 
used of turnips, cabbage, &c. : to be diseased 
with 'finger and toe,' or bulbous malforma- 
tion ; to dress or wear the hair in a ' club.' 



93 



Clunk 



Clubber, n. a wooden saddle ; a pack-saddle. 
Cf. Clibber. 

Clubbish, adj. clumsy, heavy, disproportion- 
ately made. 

Clubbock, re. the spotted blenny. 

Club-fitted, ppl. adj. having the feet turned 
too much inward ; having deformed feet ; 
club-footed. 

Clubsides you, int. phr. used by boys at 'shinty ' 
when a player strikes from the wrong side. 

Club-tae'd, ppl. adj. club-footed. 

Clucking, re. the hatching of eggs already 
laid. Cf. Clocking. 

Clud, re. a cluster, crowd ; a cloud. 

Cluddock, re. a dry, shingly bed at the side of 
a stream. 

Cluddy, adj. cloudy. 

Clud fawer, n. a bastard child, one fallen from 
the clouds. 

Clue, v. pret. clawed, scratched. 

Cluf, re. a hoof ; a claw. 

duff, v. to cuff, slap. — re. a cuff, slap. 

Cluggie, re. a person who wears clogs. Cf. 
Cloggie. 

Clugston, re. an obsolete amusement among 
farmers. 

Cluif, re. a hoof. Cf. Cluf. 

Cluik, v. to grip; to scratch. — re. the hand; 
a claw, paw ; a clutch. Cf. Cleuk. 

Cluish, v. pret. gossiped ; slapped ; slammed. 
Cf. Clash. 

Cluit, re. a hoof. Cf. Cloot. 

Cluke, v. to grasp. — re. a claw, paw. Cf. 
Cleuk. 

Clukny, re. *. hen ; a term of contempt for a 
person. 

Clam, ppl. climbed. 

Clumber, v. to daub, as with clay. 

Clump, re. a heavy, unwieldy person ; the 
noise of a heavy shoe or footfall ; a thud, 
a heavy blow. — v. to walk or tread heavily. 

Clumper, re. in pi. shapeless blocks of stone 
scattered on the ground; thick, heavy shoes 
or clogs. — v. to make a noise in walking, 
as with heavy or loose shoes. 

Clumsey, adj. used of a meat-bone : having 
meat adhering to it. 

Crunch, re. a lump, a mass, a hunch. 

Clung, ppl. adj. shrunken, empty from want 
of food, hungry. 

Clunk, v. to emit a hollow, interrupted sound, 
like liquid issuing from a bottle or narrow 
orifice^ — re. a hollow sound as of a fall ; the 
sound of i cork being drawn, of a liquid 
coming from a bottle or narrow orifice, or 
of a pebble falling perpendicularly from 
a height into smooth and deep water ; a 
draught, what is swallowed at a gulp ; the 
call of a hen to her chickens when she has 
found food for them. 



Clunkart 

Clunkart, n. a very large piece of anything ; 
a large hump or bump on the body; a stout, 
dumpy person or child. 

Clunker, n. a tumour ; a bump ; a good big 
glassful ; in pi. dirt hardened in clots, render- 
ing a road, pavement, or floor uneven ; in- 
equalities in a road, &c. , caused by frost. 

Clunkerd, adj. used of a road or floor : over- 
laid with clots of indurated dirt. 

Clunkertonie, n. a jelly-fish, medusa. 

Cluph, n. an idle, trifling creature. 

Cluphin, ppl. spending time idly and in a 
slovenly way. Cf. Cloffin. 

Clure, v. to dint. Cf. Clour. 

Clushach, it. a handful ; a gathering. Cf. 
Closhach. 

Clushan, n. cow-dung as it drops in a small 
heap. 

Clushet, n. the udder of a cow ; the stomach 
of a sow. 

Clushet, n. one in charge of a cow-house. 

Clute, n. the half of the hoof of a cloven- 
footed animal ; the whole hoof; a single 
beast. Cf. Cloot. 

Clute, «. a rag, &c. Cf. Clout. 

Cluther, u. to conceal, to cover, huddle up. 

Cluther, n. a heap, a crowd. Cf. Clutter. 

Clutie, n. the devil. Cf. Clootie. 

Clutter, n. a disorderly heap ; a piece of bad 
stone building ; noise, commotion, bustle. — 
v. to do anything in an awkward or dirty 
way of working. 

Clyack, n. the last handful of corn cut in the 
harvest-field. Cf. Claaick. 

Clyack-horn, n. a drinking-horn used at the 
harvest-home. 

Clydigh, v. to talk in a strange tongue, especi- 
ally Gaelic ; -to talk inarticulately, chatter as 
a child. — n. talk, discourse. Cf. Cleitach. 

Clydyock, n. the gravel bed of a river. Cf. 
Clidyoch. 

Clyer, n. a gland formed in the fat of beef or 
mutton ; a hard substance formed on the 
liver or lungs of animals ; in //. a disease 
affecting the throat of a cow. Cf. Clyre. 

Clypach, v. to work dirtily and in slovenly 
fashion ; to walk in a dirty and ungraceful 
fashion ; to hang wet, loose, and dishevelled ; 
to gossip, to speak much and loudly. — n. a 
large, wet mass of anything semi-liquid ; a 
hanging wet mass ; work done dirtily among 
semi -liquid substances; walking ungrace- 
fully ; a heavy fall on wet ground ; a dirty, 
uncomely, and disagreeable person ; gossip, 
one who gossips, —adv. flatly, heavily, with 
noise. 

Clype, v. to tell tales, gossip.—?;, a tell-tale ; 
idle tales. 

Clype, v. to walk over wet ground in a 
slovenly fashion ; to act as a drudge. — 



94 



Coal-hood 



k. work done in a dirty manner ; a clot, a 
confused, wet mass ; a drudge ; an ugly, ill- 
shaped fellow. 

Clype, v. to fall. — n. a fall. — adv. flat, heavily, 
with noise. Cf. Sklype. 

Clyper, n. a tell-tale. 

Clypie, n. a tell-tale. — adj. gossiping ; loqua- 
cious ; tattling. 

Clypit, ppl. adj. used of clothes : loose ; ill- 
made ; badly fitting. 

Clypock, n. a fall. Cf. Clypach. 

Clyre, n. a gland in meat ; inpl. diseased glands 
in cattle. Cf. Clyer. 

Clystre, v. to besmear. — «. a mass of semi- 
liquid stuff. Cf. Claister. 

Clytach, v. to walk or work dirtily. — n. a 
mass of semi-liquid stuff. 

Clytach, v. to talk in a strange tongue. — n. talk, 
discourse. Cf. Cleitach. 

Clyte, n. a mass of liquid or semi-liquid stuff. 

Clyte, v. to fall suddenly and heavily. — n. a 
sudden fall. Cf. Cloit. 

Clyter, v. to walk ungracefully ; with over, to 
overnurse ; to gossip ; to speak a strange 
tongue. — n. an ungraceful walk, as over wet 
ground ; gossiping ; speaking and speech in 
a strange tongue. — adv. with ungraceful 
step ; with force. 

Clyter, v. to be engaged in dirty work, Ac- 
re, mess, muddle. Cf. Cloiter. 

Clyteran, n. the hum of many people speak- 
ing ; overnursing. 

Clytie-lass, n. the servant-girl who carries 
out house filth, &c. 

Clytrie, m. tripe ; animal intestines ; house 
filth, &c. Cf. Cloitery. 

Clytrie-maid, n. a female servant who carries 
off filth, rubbish, &c. from a house. Cf. 
Cloitery-maid. 

Clytrie-market, n. a tripe-market. 

Clytrie-wife, n. a woman who cleans and sells 
tripe. 

Co, n. a rock-cave, with a narrow entrance, on 
the seashore. Cf. Cove. 

Co, v. pret. quoth. 

Coach, v. to drive in a coach. 

Coachbell, n. an earwig. 

tCoact, ppl. forced, constrained. 

Coag, v. to shear, and so save, the neck-wool 
of sheep sometime before the regular sheep- 
shearing. 

Coag, n. a wooden vessel for holding porridge, 
milk, &c. Cf. Cog. 

Coal, n. a red-hot cinder. 

Coal-and-candle-light, n. the long-tailed duck. 

Coal-grieve, «. a coal-overseer. 

Coal-gum, n. coal-dust. 

Coal-heugh, n. a coal-pit. 

Coal-hood, -hoodie, -hooden, «. the reed-bunt- 
ing ; the blackcap ; the British cole-titmouse. 



Coalmie 

Coalmie, «. the full-grown coal-fish. 

Coalsay, n. the coal-fish, the saith. 

Coal-Bcoop, k. a coal-scuttle. 

Coal-stalk, «. a vegetable impression found 
on stones in coal-mines. 

Coal-stealer-rake, n. a thief, a vagabond. 

Coalyer, n. a collier. 

Coaly-hood, n. the British cole-titmouse. Cf. 
Coal-hood. 

Coan, v. to cry as a child. Cf. Cown. 

tCoarctat, ppl. coerced, restrained. 

Coarse, adj. used of the weather : rough, 
stormy; rough, brutal. 

Coaster, n. a resident along the coast of Caith- 
ness, south of Wick. 

Coat, n. a petticoat. 

Coat-and-bit, phr. clothes and food. 

Coatie, n. a child's coat ; a child's petticoat. 

Coats, n. refuse of threshed corn, beans, &c. 
given to horses. 

Cob, v. to shear the wool off a ewe's udder. 

Cob, ». the husk of a pea. 

Cob, n. a coin (? gold) worth about 4s. 6d. 

Cob, v. to beat one on the backside. — n. a 
blow. 

Cobble, v. to bungle. — n. a tangle, confusion. 

Cobbler, n. a bungler. 

Coble, n. a short, flat-bottomed boat, used in 
salmon-fishings and in ferries ; a deckless 
fishing-boat, with sharp bow, flat, sloping 
stern, and without a keel, used on N.E. 
coast. 

Coble, n. a place for steeping malt. — v. to 
steep malt for brewing. 

Coble, n. a square pew in a church, or ' table- 
seat.' 

Coble, n. a pond for cattle, &c. , to drink at. 

Coble, v. to rock ; to undulate, be unsteady ; 
to see-saw. — n. a rocking motion ; a see- 
saw ; playing at see-saw. 

Cobleing, n. steeping malt. 

Cobletehow-mutch, n. ? a cap ironed or 
dressed fancifully. 

Coblie, adj. shaky ; liable to rock or undulate. 

Coblie, n. a small pond. 

Cob-seibow, n. a young shoot from onions of 
the second year s growth. 

Cobworm, n. the larva of the cockchafer. 

Cochbell, n. an earwig. Cf. Coachbell. 

Cock, n. a brisk, smart fellow; a familiar term 
of address; a boys' game, ' rexa-boxa-king ' ; 
the ' tee ' of a curling-rink. 

Cock, n. a cap, a head-dress ; an upward turn 
or tilt ; a brickwork projection in steps to 
receive a piece of timber. — v. to swagger, 
show off ; to hold erect, prick up ; to lift 
up threateningly ; to throw up to a high 
or inaccessible place ; to stick a hat or cap 
jauntily on one side of the head ; to mount 
an offender on another's back for a flogging ; 



95 Cockerieness 

to make a false shot, miss ; to go back from a 
bargain ; with up, used contemptuously of 
giving to any one what he does not deserve 
or can use, or to one who is too ambitious ; 
to indulge, pamper needlessly. 

Cock, adj. fuddled. 

Cock-a-bendy, n. a sprightly boy ; an instru- 
ment for twisting ropes, consisting of a 
hollow piece of wood, through which runs 
a pin that, being turned, twists the rope. 

Cock-able, adj. of age ; of the age of 
puberty. 

Cock-a-breekie, n. a person of small stature. 

Cock-a-hoop, adj. 'half-seas over,' intoxi- 
cated. — n. a bumper. 

tCockalane, Cockaland, 11. a comic repre- 
sentation ; a satire ; an imperfect writing ; 
an infamous libel ; a pasquinade. 

Cock-a-leekie, n. soup made of a fowl boiled 
with leeks. 

Cockalorum-like, adj. foolish, absurd. 

Cock-and-key, n. a stopcock. 

Cock-and-pail, n. a spigot and faucet. 

Cockandy, «. the puffin. 

Cock-a-pentie, n. one whose pride makes him 
live above his income. 

Cock-a-ridy, v. used of a child : to ride on 
the shoulders with a leg on each side of the 
person carrying. 

Cock-a-roora-koo, n. the sound of cock- 
crowing. 

Cockats, 11. a scolding. 

Cockawinie, v. to ride on the shoulders of 
another. 

Cock-bead-plane, n. a plane for making a 
moulding which projects above the common 
surface of the timber. 

Cock-bird-height, n. tallness equal to that 
of a male chicken ; infancy ; elevation of 
spirits. 

Cock-bird-high, adj. youthful, very young. 

Cock-brain, n. a weak brain. 

Cock-bree, n. cock-broth, ' cock-a-leekie. ' 

Cock-crow'n-kail, n. broth heated a second 
time. 

Cocked, ppl. containing sperm ; with up, 
conceited ; with up with, overindulged. 

Cockee, n. the circle round the ' tee ' towards 
which curling-stones must be played. 

Cocker, n. the sperm of an egg. 

Cocker, n. a dram of whisky, a ' caulker.' 

Cocker, v. to be tottering, unsteady; to put in 
an insecure place. 

Cocker, v. to fondle, indulge, pamper. 

Cocker-de-cosie, -de-hoy, v. to sit or ride 
astride on the shoulders of a person. 

Cockerie, adj. unsteady in position, likely to 
tumble. 

Cockerieness, n. insecurity of position ; in- 
stability. 



Cockernonie 

Cockernonie, «. the gathering of a woman's 

hair into the ' snood ' or fillet ; anything 

small, neat, and old-fashioned. 
Cockernonied, ppl. having the hair dressed 

in a ' cockernonie. ' 
Cockersum, adj. unsteady, threatening to 

tumble. 
Cockertie-hooie, «. carrying a boy astride the 

neck. 
Cockerty, adj. unstable, shaky. 
Cock-fechtin, n. cock-fighting. 
Cock-fight, n. a boys' game played by two 

hopping on one leg and butting each other 

with their shoulders until one lets down his 

leg. 
Cock-head, n. the herb all-heal or woundwort. 
Cock-headed, adj. vain, conceited, whimsical. 
Cookie, adj. vain; affecting airs of imp&t- 

ance. 
Cockie-bendie, n. the cone of the fir-tree ; the 

large conical bud of the plane-tree. 
Cockie-breekie, adv. in phr. ' to ride cockie- 

breekie,' to sit or ride astride on the 

shoulders of a person. 
Cockie-dandie, n. a bantam cock ; a pert, 

forward youngster. 
Cockie-leekie, n. soup made from a fowl 

boiled with leeks. 
Cockie-leerie, n. a cock, chanticleer ; the 

sound of a cock crowing. 
Cockie-loorie, n. a children's name for any 

showy artificial flower or bright-coloured 

thing with which they play ; a knot of 

ribbon or other bright-coloured thing. 
Cockie-ridie-rousie, -roaie, n. a game of 

children in which one rides on another's 

shoulders; a punishment inflicted by chil- 
dren on each other. 
Cockin', n. a cock-fight. 
Cockin, n. the sperm of an egg. 
Cock-laird, n. a small landholder who culti- 
vates his own estate ; a yeoman. 
Cockle, v. to crow like a cock ; to cackle like 

a hen. 
Cockle, v. to totter, be unstable. 
Cockle, v. to cuckold. 
Cockle, v. to mark the cogs of a mill before 

cutting off the ends of them, so that the 

whole may preserve the circular form. — n. 

the instrument used in marking the cogs of 

a mill. 
Cockle, v. with up, to become better in health 

or spirits. 
Cockle-brained, adj. whimsical, eccentric. 
Cockle-cutit, adj. having bad ankles, so that 

the feet seem twisted away from them, lying 

outwards. 
Cockle-headed, adj. whimsical, ' maggoty,' 

eccentric. 
Cockier, n. one who ' cuckolds ' a husband. 



96 



Codle 



Cock-loft, -laft, n. the space between the 
uppermost ceiling and the roof ; the highest 
gallery in a church. 

Cockman, n. a sentinel. Cf. Gockmin. 

Cock-melder, n. the last ' melder ' or grinding 
of a year's grain. 

Cocknee-stones, n. the echinus or button-stone. 

Cock o' crowdie, n. phr. a term of commenda- 
tion. 

Cock o' pluck, n. phr. a brave fellow. 

Cock 0' the midden, n. phr. the master, 
superior, one who has it all his own way ; 
'cock of the walk.' 

Cock 0' the North, «. a name given to the 
Dukes of Gordon. 

Cock-paddle, n. the lump-fish. 

Cock-picket, adj. pecked or dabbled in by 
poultry. 

Cock-raw, adj. sparingly roasted or boiled. 

Cockrel, n. a cockerel ; a young male raven. 

Cock-rose, n. a wild poppy with a red flower. 

Cock's-caim, n. meadow-pink or cuckoo-flower. 

Cock's-comb, n. adder's-tongue. 

Cock's-eye, n. a halo that appears round the 
moon and indicates stormy weather. 

Cock's-foot, Cock's-foot-grass, n. the dew- 
grass. 

Cocksie, adj. affecting airs of importance. 

Cock's-odin, -hoddin, n. a boys' game of 
'hide and seek.' 

Cock-stool, -stule, n. the cuckstool ; the 
pillory. 

Cockstride, n. a short distance ; used figura- 
tively of the lengthening of days ; a boys' 
game. 

Cock-up, n. a hat or cap turned up in front. 

Cocky, n. a brisk, smart young fellow ; a 
friendly term of address. — adj. pert, saucy; 
conceited ; elated, 

Coclico, adj. red, purple. 

Cod, n. a pillow ; a cushion ; a kind of riding- 
pad. 

Cod, v. with out, used of grain : to separate 
easily from the husk. 

Cod, v. to sham, hoax, humbug. 

Cod, n. the penis. 

Cod, v. in phr. 'to cod pease, ' to pilfer peas ; 
to steal. 

Cod-bait, k. the straw- worm; the caddis- worm. 

Codber, n. a pillow-slip. 

Cod-crune, -croonin', n. a curtain-lecture. 

Coddle, v. to embrace, 'cuddle.' — n. an em- 
brace, a ' cuddle.' 

Coddle, v. to roast apples before the fire. 

Codgebell, n. an earwig. Cf. Cochbell. 

Codger, n. a fellow, a ' character.' 

Codgie, adj. comfortable, cosy ; in fair health. 

Cod-hule, 11. a pillow-slip. 

Codle, v. to make grain fly out of the husk by 
a stroke. 



Codlick 

Codlick, Codlock, n. the spotted gunnel. 

Codlins-and-cream, n. the great hairy willow- 
herb. 

Codroch, adj. rustic, clownish; dirty, slovenly, 
nasty. 

Codrugh, adj. chilly, cold, 'cauldrife.' 

Codslip, Codware, n. a pillow-slip. 

Co'er, v. to cover. 

Cofe, n. a bargain, a barter. 

Coff, v. to buy, barter, to procure, usually in 
fret, and pa. ppl. 

Coffee, Coffe, n. a beating ; a quid pro quo. 

Coffer, n. a legacy of wealth, a fortune. 

Coff-fronted, adj. used of a bed : half-shuttered, 
comparatively open. 

Coffin-clock, n. a grandfather's clock. 

Coffining, n. the ceremony of putting a corpse 
into the coffin. 

Cog, v. to steady anything shaky by wedging 
it; to scotch a wheel. — n. a wedge or sup- 
port for a wheel, &c. 

Cog, ». a wooden vessel for holding milk, ale, 
porridge, broth, &c. ; a pail ; a measure, 
the fourth part of a peck ; liquor. — v. to 
empty into, or fill, a. 'cog.' 

Cog-and-soup, n. some food and drink. 

Cog-boine, n. a small wooden trough, a tub. 

Cog-fu', n. the fill of a ' cog.' 

Cogg, n. a flat surface not lying horizontally. 

Coggie, Coggun, n. a small ' cog.' 

Cogging, ppl. adj. given to drink. 

Coggie, v. to prop, support. 

Coggie, v. to shake, to move unsteadily. 

Cogglety, adj. shaky, insecure, not steady. 

Cogglety-carry, n. the game of ' see-saw. ' 

Cogglin, k. a prop, a support. 

Coggly, adj. unsteady, unstable ; apt to be 
overset. 

Cog-hand, n. the left hand. 

Coghle, v. to wheeze, as from cold or asthma. 

Coghling, ppl. adj. husky, wheezing. 

Cogie, n. a small ' cog. ' 

Cogill, n. the fill of a ' cog ' ; the fourth part 
of a peck. 

Coglan-tree, n. the ' covin-tree ' ; the large 
tree in front of an old Scottish mansion, 
where the laird met his visitors. 

Cogle, v. to move unsteadily. Cf. Coggie. 

tCognosce, v. a legal term : to inquire, investi- 
gate, with a view to judgment ; to scrutinize 
the character of a person, or state of a thing, 
in order to a decision or regulation of pro- 
cedure ; to pronounce a decision as the 
result of investigation ; to pronounce a per- 
son to be an idiot or insane by the ver- 
dict of an inquest; to survey lands in order 
to a division of property. 

CognOBt, v. to sit close together and plan in 
secrecy some harmless mischief. 

CognoBtin, n, sitting in secret conference. 

7 



97 Colleck 

Cogster, «. the person who, in ' swingling ' 

flax, first breaks it with a swing-bat, and 

then throws it to another. 
Cogue, n. a small wooden dish for holding 

porridge, &c. Cf. Cog. 
Cog-wame, n. a protuberant belly. 
Cog-wymed, adj. corpulent, portly. 
Cohow, n. the call used in the game of ' hide 

and seek.' Cf. Cahow. 
Coil, n. an instrument formerly used in boring 

for coal. 
Coil, v. to enfold in a coil ; to ensnare. 
Coil, n. noisy disturbance, fuss, stir. 
Coil, Coile, n. a haycock. — v. to put hay in 

cocks. 
Coil-heuoh, n. a coal-pit. 
Coinyel, v. to agitate, as in churning milk ; to 

injure a liquid by too much shaking. 
Coinyelling, «. a shaking. 
Coist, n. dues payable in kind ; a servant's 

rations as distinct from money as wages. 

Cf. Cost. 
Coit, v. to play at curling. 
tCoject, v. to agree ; to fit. 
Cokaddy, n. a dance performed by children 

in a crouching posture. Cf. Cookuddy. 
Cokeweed, n. cockweed. 
Col-candle-wick, n. the long-tailed duck. 
Cold, adj. used of land : stiff and holding 

moisture. — n. a cold, a chill. Cf. Cauld. 
Colded, ppl. adj. suffering from cold. 
Coldie, n. the long-tailed duck. 
Coldingham-packmen, n. cumulus clouds in 

the north or east on fine summer afternoons. 
Cole, n. a haycock. Cf. Coil. 
Cole, n. money. 
Cole-hood, -hooding, n. the blackcap. Cf. 

Coal-hood. 
Cole-hough, -heugh, n. a coal-pit. 
Colemie, n. the coal-fish. Cf. Coalmie. 
Coif, v. to stuff ; to stop a hole ; to wad a 

gun ; to caulk a ship. — n. wadding for guns ; 

the act of stuffing ; the material used for 

stuffing a hole. Cf. Calf. 
Colnn, v. to stuff, to ' coif. ' — n. wadding for 

guns, 'coif.' Cf. Calfing. 
Colibrand, n. a contemptuous name for a 

blacksmith. 
Colin-blackhead, n. the reed-bunting. 
Colk, n. the eider-duck. 
Coll, n. the ' hog-score ' in a curling-rink. 
Coll, v. to cut ; to clip ; to snuff a candle. 
Coll, n. a haycock. — v. to put hay into cocks. 

Cf. Coil. 
Collady-stone, «. quartz. 
Collation, v. to collate ; to partake of a 

collation. 
Colleague, v. to conspire ; to be in league 

with. Cf. Collogue. 
Colleck, v. to collect ; to recollect, think. 



College 



College, v. to educate at a college. 

College-fee, re. a schoolmaster's fee. 

Collegener, Colliginer, n. a collegian, a 
student at college. 

Colley, Collie, re. a lounger ; one who hunts 
for a dinner ; one who dogs another con- 
stantly ; a great admirer. 

Collie, Colley, v. to abash ; to silence in an 
argument ; to domineer over ; to bewilder, 
entangle ; to wrangle, quarrel ; to attack. 

Collie, Colley, v. to yield in a contest ; to 
' knock under.' 

Colliebuction, re. a noisy quarrel, a wrangle, 
disturbance. 

Collier, re. the black-dolphin, an insect in- 
jurious to growing beans. 

Collieshangie, re. an uproar, squabble ; loud, 
earnest, or gossiping talk ; a ring of plaited 
grass or straw, through which a lappet of a 
woman's dress, or fold of a man's coat, is 
clandestinely thrust, to excite ridicule. — v. 
to wrangle, fight. 

Collinhood, re. wild poppy. 

Collocan-gull, re. the black-headed gull. 

Collogue, v. to conspire, plot together for 
mischief; to talk confidentially. — n. collu- 
sion; a conversation, a confidential chat. 
Cf. Killogue. 

Colloguin', ppl. adj. scheming, plotting. — re. 
a plot, conspiracy. 

Colloguy, v. to conspire ; to plot together for 
mischief. Cf. Collogue. 

Collop, re. a portion. 

Collop-tongs, re. tongs for roasting slices of 
meat. 

Colly, re. the ' hog-score ' in a curling-rink. 
Cf. Coll. 

Colly-tyke, re. a dog of any kind. 

Coloured knittings, re. red tape, tape used 
by lawyers. 

Colpindach, n. a young cow that has never 
calved. 

Colsie, adj. comfortable, cosy, snug. 

Comamie, «. a young coal-fish. 

Comb, re. a coal-fish of the fifth year. 

Comball, v. to meet together for amusement ; 
to plot together, cabal. — re. a company of 
plotters, a cabal. 

Comble-stane, re. the top-stone of a heap. 

Comb's Mass, re. St Columba's Mass, Whit- 
sunday. 

Comburgess, re. a fellow-citizen. 

Combustion, re. a fierce, hot wrangle. 

Come, v. to sprout, spring, germinate ; to 
sprout at the lower end in the process of 
malting grain; with of ox on, to become of, 
happen to. — re. growth ; the act of vegetation. 

Come, n. a crook, bend, curve. 

Come, ppl. adj. born, descended from. 

Come about, -about again, phr. to recover 



98 Comer 

from an illness. — re. a call to a horse in a 
stall to move to one side. 

Come above, phr. to recover, get over. 

Come after, phr. to woo, court. 

Come-again, re. a severe scolding ; a kiss at 
the close of a dance. 

Come-against, adj. repulsive. 

Come-and-be-kissed, re. a garden flower, ? the 
Viola tncolor. 

Come and gang, phr. give and take. 

Come at, phr. come to ; to strike, assault. 

Come-a'thegither, adj. quite sane. 

Come-ather, -ether, re. a call to a horse to 
turn to the left. 

Come athort, phr. to strike across or athwart. 

Come away, phr. used of seed : to germinate ; 
to come along. 

Come back, phr. to regain consciousness. 

Come by, phr. to obtain ; to meet with an 
accident. 

Come crack for crack, phr. to give a sound 
whipping. 

Come doon, phr. to lower a price ; to be- 
come bankrupt ; used of = river : to be in 
flood. 

Come doon upon, phr. to scold, reprove. 

Come doon with, phr. pay down. 

Come gude for, phr. be security for. 

Come name, phr. to be born. 

Come in, phr. to shrink in size or measure- 
ment ; to come to be of use. 

Come inowre, phr. to come in towards the 
speaker. 

Come-keik, re. a novelty. 

Comeling, re. a strange animal that attaches 
itself to a person or place. 

Comely, adj. reverent ; well-behaved. 

Come-of-will, re. an illegitimate child ; any- 
thing that comes or grows accidentally; 
a new-comer. 

Come on, phr. to thrive, grow, succeed ; to 
get on, manage, ' fend ' ; to rain ; to follow 
on. 

Come on ahin, phr. to retaliate ; to interfere 
with another secretly and unfairly in bar- 
gaining ; to become surety for. 

Come one's ways, phr. to come along. 

Come out, phr. to widen, expand. 

Come-out-awa, re. a swindler. 

Come outowre, phr. to strike ; to come out 
of ; to come toward the speaker. 

Come over once, phr. to have little experience. 

Come owre, phr. to cajole, coax successfully; 
to outwit ; to happen ; to overtake ; to re- 
peat what one has been told in confidence; 
to strike, to assault. 

Come owre, re. a call to a horse to move to 
one side of the stall. 

tComer, Comere, re, a gossip, a godmother, 
Cf. Cummer, 



Comerade 

Comerade, v. to meet for social gossip. — n. a 

meeting for social gossip. 
Comeradin, re. the habit of visiting, day after 

day, with little interruption. 
Come round, phr. to recover consciousness ; 

to recover from an illness ; to be reconciled ; 

to cajole ; to regain lost temper. 
Come speed, phr. to thrive, prosper. 
Comestable, adj. eatable ; fit for food. 
Come thrift, phr. to thrive, prosper. 
Come through, phr. to recover from an illness. 
Come time, adv. by-and-by. 
Come to, phr. to recover consciousness ; to be- 
come reconciled, come up to; to happen; 

to recover from bad temper ; to yield or 

agree to a proposal, &c. ; to rise to a state 

of honour. 
Come together, phr. to be married. 
Come to milk, phr. used of cows : to give 

milk after calving. 
Come to one's self, phr. to perish, die, become 

useless. 
Come to one's time, phr. used of a woman : 

to be confined. 
Come-to-pass, n. an event that comes to pass. 
Come to the bile, phr. to begin to boil. 
Come to the door, phr. used of a knock : to 

sound on the door. 
Come to with, phr. to overtake. 
Come up, n. a call to a horse to start or to go 

faster. 
Come upon with, phr. to strike, assault, with. 
Comfarant-like, adj. decent, becoming. 
Comflek, v. to reflect. 
Comfort-, Comfer- knit -bane, n. the plant 

Symphytum tuberosum. 
Comical - tommy, n. a game of chance ; 

' billy-fairplay. ' 
Commie, re. a young coal-fish. Cf. Comamie. 
Commandement, re. a. command, mandate, 

commandment. 
Commanding, ppl. adj. of pain : severe, 

disabling. 
Commands, n. the Decalogue. 
Commend, n. commendation. 
tCommer, re. a godmother. Cf. Cummer. 
Commerce, re. intercourse, communication, 

dealings with. — v. to have to do with. 
Commission, re. the quarterly meeting of the 

General Assemblies for specific business. 
Commodity, re. a measure ; a considerable 

quantity. 
Common, re. an obligation ; indebtedness ; 

what is common or usual. — v. to arrange; 

to agree in bargaining. — adv. commonly. 

Cf. Commune. 
Common corn, re. oats in which each grain 

hangs singly on the stalk. 
Common debtor, n. a legal term : one in 

whose favour a fund is held by trustees. 



99 



Compting 



Common good, n. the funds of a royal burgh ; 
a town or village common. 

Commonty, n. a common ; the right of 
common pasturage ; the commonalty. 

Commune, v. to arrange ; to agree in a 
bargain. 

Communer, re. a party to an agreement. 

Commuve, v. to bring into a state of com- 
motion ; to perturb ; to offend, displease ; 
to move. 

Comorade, n. a comrade. 

Comp, re. company. 

Compack, n. a compact. 

Companion, re. a low fellow. 

Companionry, re. companionship, fellowship. 

Compear, v. to appear before a court in 
answer to a citation. 

Compearance, re. appearance before a court 
in answer to a citation. 

fCompesce, v. to restrain, keep under ; to 
assuage. 

Compleen, v. to complain ; to ail ; to feel 
unwell and express it. 

Compleit, v. to pay arrears in fulk 

Complext, adj. complex. 

Complice, re. an accomplice. 

Compliment, re. a present, gift. — v. to make 
a present of. 

Complimental, adj. complimentary ; expressive 
of courtesy. 

Complouther, Complouter, Comploutre, Com- 
plowther, Compluther, v. to agree ; to mix ; 
to work together ; to comply ; to suit, fit, 
answer an end proposed. — n. a mixture ; 
a mess, confusion ; an entanglement ; a 
mistake. 

Comply, v. to bring about, accomplish. 

Compone, v. to compose ; to settle ; to com- 
pound. 

Composity, re. composure ; self-possession. 

Compost, re. used of a person : a mixed 
character, compound. 

Comprizement, re. the valuation of timber in 
farm-buildings at a change of tenancy ; the 
values ascertained in ' comprizing. ' 

fCompromit, v. to promise jointly; to com- 
promise. — re. a compromise. 

Compryse, Comprize, v. to attach for debt 
legally ; to value the timber in farm- 
buildings at a change of tenancy. 

Compryser, n. the person who attaches the 
estate of another for debt. 

Comprysing, », attachment for debt. 

Compt, re. company. 

tCompt, v. to account for ; to count ; to 
justify. — re. an account, a reckoning. 

tCompt, adj. neat in dress. 

Comptable, adj. accountable for. 

Comthankfow, adj. thankful, grateful. 

Compting, re. counting. 



Con i 

Con, n. a squirrel. 

Con, v. in phr. 'to con thanks,' to return 
thanks. 

Conceit, Concait, n. a fancy ornament ; a. 
knick-knack; neatness; good taste; an 
opinion ; a fancy ; a liking ; an eccentric 
or oddly dressed person. — v. to imagine, 
fancy, think. 

Conceit-net, n. a fixed net enclosing a portion 
of a river or estuary. 

Conceity, adj. conceited, vain ; witty, ap- 
propriate. 

Concerns, n. relations by blood or affinity. 

Conclude, v. to decide ; to prove valid or 
sufficient. 

Concluding,///, adj. conclusive. 

Concos-mancos, adj. of sound mind, compos 
■mentis. 

Concurrans, n. occurrence. 

Concurse, n. concurrence ; co-operation. 

Concussion, n. coercion ; the forcible exac- 
tion of money, extortion. 

Condemn, v. to block up entrance and exit. 

Condescend, v. a legal term : to state 
one's case specifically ; to particularize ; 
to agree. 

Condescendence, n. a detailed statement of 
one's case. 

Condiddle, v. to make away with, filch. 

Condie, n. a conduit, a drain. Cf. Cundy. 

Conding, adj. condign. 

Condingly, adv. agreeably, lovingly. 

^Conduce, v. to hire ; to bargain, deal ; to 
agree, arrange. 

Conducer, n. a hirer. 

Conduction, n. hiring ; the hiring of troops. 

Condumacity, n. contumacy. 

Confab, v. to confabulate. — n. a confabula- 
tion. 

Confabble, n. a confabulation. 

Confeerin, Confeirin, ppl. adj. corresponding 
to, accordant with. — conj. considering. 

Confeese, v. to confuse. 

Confeesed-like, adj. looking confused. 

Conference, n. analogy, agreement. 

Confess, v. used of a bottle : to be drained to 
the last drop by pouring or dripping ; to 
bring up the contents of the stomach. 

Confident, adj. trustworthy. 

Confine, n. confinement ; an enclosure. 

Confirm, v. to fall in with an agreement. 

Confit, n. a comfit. 

Confloption, n. panic, flurry, fluster. 

Confoon', v. to confound. 

tConform, adj. conformable. — adv. conform- 
ably. 

Conformity, n. a concession, consent. 

tConfort, v. to comfort. — n. a comfort. 

tCongee, n. a bow, a flattering obeisance. — 
v. to bow, salute. 



o Contens 

tCongey, n. leave, permission. 

Congou-bree, n. tea. 

Congree, v. to agree. 

Conjee, n. a most polite bow. Cf. Congee. 

Conjugality, n. conjugal union. 

Conjunck, adj. conjunct, conjoined. 

Conjured, ^V. adj. perjured. 

Con-kind, n. all kinds or sorts. Cf. Kin- 
kind. 

Connach, n. a fatal distemper of cows. Cf. 
Connoch. 

Connach, v. to waste, destroy, trample on, 
spoil ; to consume carelessly. — n. an un- 
skilful worker ; a waster of food, &c. ; 
work badly done, spoilt. 

Connachin, n. overcareful nursing, —ppl. adj. 
lazy, clumsy at work, from fondness for good 
living. 

Connagh, n. the pip in fowls. Cf. Cannagh. 

Conneck, v. to connect. 

Connect, ppl. adj. connected, consecutive. 

Connie, n. a rabbit, coney. 

Connoch, n. a fatal distemper of cows. 

Connoch, v. to waste, destroy, spoil. Cf. 
Connach. 

Connoch-worm, «. a caterpillar lurking in 
grass and causing disease to cows. 

Connyshonie, n. a silly, gossiping conversa- 
tion ; a whispered conversation. 

tConquess, Conquest, v. to acquire other- 
wise than by inheritance ; to conquer. — n. 
acquired possessions, personal acquisition, in 
contrast to inheritance. 

Consate, n. knick-knack. — v. to fancy, ima- 
gine. Cf. Conceit. 

Conscienceable, adj. conscionable, according 
to conscience. 

Conscious, adj. privy to. 

Consequentially, adv. consequently. 

Consolement, n. consolation. 

Constable, n. a large drinking-vessel, to be 
drained by one in a company who has 
drunk less than the rest, or otherwise has 
transgressed the rules of the company. 

Constancy, n. in phr. 'for a constancy,' con- 
tinually, always. 

Constant, adj. evident, manifest. 

Constitute, v. to open an ecclesiastical court 
with prayer. 

Consume, v. to nullify, neutralize. 

Consuming,///, adj. wasteful, not economical. 

Consumpt, n. consumption, phthisis. 

Consumption-dyke, n. a temporary wall of 
stones which have been cleared off land. 

Cont, n. estimation. 

Contain, v. to restrain one's self. 

Conteena, v. to continue. 

Contend, v. to contend for. 

Contens, n. used as an oath in phr. ' by my 
contens.' 



Content i 

Content, v. vciphr. 'to content and pay,' to 
satisfy a creditor ; to pay up in full. 

tConter, v. to contradict, thwart, run counter 
to. — n. a reverse of fortune, a cross, trial ; 
in//, a state of opposition. — prep, against. 
— adv. in opposition to. — adj. contrary, 
opposite. 

Contermashious, adj. perverse ; contuma- 
cious. Cf. Contramashous. 

Conter-poison, n. an antidote to poison. 

Conter-tree, n. a cross-bar of wood, or stick 
attached by a rope to a door, and resting 
on the wall at each side, in order to keep 
the door shut from without. 

Conthankfow, adj. grateful. 

Con thanks, phr. to return thanks. Cf. Con. 

Contingency, n. contiguity; close relation- 
ship ; connection. 

Contingent, n. one near in blood. 

Continuation, //. prorogation. 

Continue, v. to delay, postpone, prorogue. 

Contra, n. the country. 

Contrack, v. to contract ; to betroth ; to 
give in the names of a couple for the 
proclamation of their banns. — n. a formal 
betrothal before witnesses ; an application 
to the session-clerk of a parish to register 
the names of a couple for proclamation of 
their banns. 

Contract -night, n. Saturday night, when 
names were generally given in for pro- 
clamation of banns. 

Contradict, v. to object to. 

tContrair, adj. contrary, opposite. — n. the 
contrary, the opposite. — prep, against. — v. 
to oppose. 

Contrairisum, adj. perverse, froward. 

Contrairy, adj. contrary, adverse ; perverse, 
stubborn. — adv. in opposition to. 

Contramashous, Contramacious, Contra- 
mawcious, adj. self-willed ; obstinate ; re- 
bellious. Cf. Contermashious. 

tContrecoup, n. opposition ; a repulse in the 
pursuit of an object. 

Contrepoise, v. to counteract. 

Contrive, v. to design. 

Contumace, Contumasse, v. to act contu- 
maciously ; to pronounce one to be con- 
tumacious. 

tContumax, adj. contumacious. 

tConvell, v. to refute. 

Convene, Conveen, v. to assemble, meet 
together ; to cite to a court. — n. a gather- 
ing ; a convention. 

Convene, Conveane, v. to agree. 

Convene, n. convenience. 

Conveniable, adj. accessible, convenient. 

Conveniency, n. expediency. 

Convenient, adj. near, contiguous. 

Conventicular, n. an attender of conventicles. 



i Coolriff 

Conversation, Conversation-lozenge, n. a 
flat lozenge of various shapes, printed with 
a motto or short sentence. 

Convey, v. to escort, accompany, courteously 
or in kindness ; to confer an office. 

Conveyancy, n. a legal conveyance. 

Convocate, v. to call to arms. 

Convocation, n. an assembly of men to aims. 

tConvoy, v. to escort ; to see a person home ; 
to accompany part of the way ; to convey ; 
to manage, see «. business through. — «. a 
personal escorting ; a marriage company 
going to meet and escort the bride ; mode 
or channel of conveyance ; skilful manage- 
ment ; painstaking action ; successful ac- 
complishment. 

Convoyance, n. management ; finesse. 

Coo, n. a pigeon's call. 

Coo, n. a cow. 

Cooch, n. a dog's kennel. — v. to lie down. 
Cf. Couch. 

Coocher, n. a coward ; in pi. the ' cowardly 
blow,' the blow given to, and submitted to 
tamely by, a coward. Cf. Coucher. 

Cood, adj. harebrained. Cf. Cude. 

Cood, n. the cud. 

Coodie, n. a small tub ; a. wooden nursery 
chamber-pot. Cf. Cootie. 

Cooer, v. to squat down. Cf. Coor. 

Coof, n. a fool, simpleton ; a man who inter- 
feres with domestic work. 

Coofish, adj. bashful, awkward. 

Coog, n. a boys' game, the same as ' cahow ' 
or ' keehow. ' 

Cooie, n. a small cow ; a hornless cow. Cf. 
Cowie. 

Cook, v. to manage, arrange so as to gain 
one's end. 

Cook, v. to appear and disappear by fits ; to 
hide one's self. 

Cook, v. to imitate the call of the cuckoo. 

Cooke, n. a big draught of liquid ; a mouth- 
ful. — v. to take a long draught of liquid. 

Cookie, n. a small plain bun ; a bath-bun. 

Cookie-shine, n. a tea-party. 

Cook-stool, n. a cucking-stool. 

Cookuddy, n. a dance performed by children 
in a crouching posture ; phr. to ' dance 
cookuddy,' to perform antics. Cf. Cucuddy. 

Cool, n. a nightcap ; a close cap worn within 
doors. Cf. Cowl. 

Coolie, n. a raised peak in the centre of the 
foam on home-brewed ale ; a nightcap. 

Coolin, n. a West Highland New-year's Eve 
sport ; the principal actor in the game. 

Cooling-stone, n. a large stone, in or near 
a school, on which a boy who has been 
breeched is set to cool his posteriors. 

Coolriff, adj. cool, cold ; indifferent. Cf. 
Cauldrife. 



Cool-the-loom 



Core 



Cool-the-loom, n. an indifferent worker ; a 

lazy person. 
Cooly, v. to flatter ; to wheedle ; to cheat. 

Cf. Cully. 
Coom, n. the wooden frame used in building a 

bridge ; a coffin-lid. 
Coom, n. coal-dust ; peat-dust ; very small 

coal used in smithies ; the dust of grain ; 

soot ; dirt. — v. to blacken, begrime. 
Coomb, n. the bosom of a hill having a 

semicircular form ; a hollow in a mountain- 
side. 
Coom-ceiled, adj. used of a garret : having 

the ceiling sloping or arched. 
Coo-me-doo, n. a term of endearment. 
Coomy, adj. grimy ; begrimed with ' coom.' 
Coonjer, v. to give a drubbing ; to frighten. — 

n. in pi. a scolding. Cf. Counger. 
Coont, v. to count ; to do sums ; to settle 

accounts. — n. va.pl. sums. Cf. Count. 
Coony, k. coin, money. Cf. Cunzie. 
+Coony, Coonyie, n. a corner ; a coign. 
Coop, v. to catch in traps. 
Coop, «. a cart with closed sides and ends. 

Cf. Coup. 
Coop, n. a small heap. 
Coop, v. to hoop, bind with hoops. 
Cooper, n. a horse imperfectly gelded. 
Cooper, v. to tinker up. 
Cooperman, v. to play into each other's hands 

unjustly. 
Cooper o' Stobo, phr. one who excels another 

in any particular line. 
tCoopin, n. a shred ; clipping. Cf. Cowpon. 
Coor, v. to cower, squat down ; to hide, keep 

still in a place ; to bend, submit ; to lower, 

droop. 
Coor, v. to cover ; to recover. 
Coordie, n. a coward. Cf. Cowardie. 
Coordie, v. to surpass in athletics. Cf. 

Cowardie. 
Coordie-lick, n. a ' coward's blow,' challenging 

to fisticuffs. 
Coordie-smit, n. a ' coward's blow. ' 
Coorie, v. to cower, crouch, stoop down. 
Coorse, adj. coarse. 
Coorae, n. course. 
Coort, v. to court. 
Coorter, n. a courter. 
CooBer, n. a stallion ; a stout, vulgar fellow ; a 

libertine. 
Coo-sharn, n. cows' dung. 
Coosie, n. a challenge to difficult feats, given 

by boys. 
Coost, n. condition of body. 
Coost, v. pret. and ppl. cast. 
Coosten, ppl. cast. 
Coot, n. the guillemot. 
Coot, n. the ankle. 
Cootcher, v. to parcel out. 



Cooted, ppl. adj. having ankles. Cf. Cuited. 

Cooter, v. to set on one's feet ; to handle 
tenderly ; to restore to health. Cf. Cuiter. 

tCooter, v. to sew carelessly. 

Cooth, n. a young coal-fish. 

Cooth, adj. pleasant, affable. Cf. Couth. 

Coothie, adj. pleasant, kind. Cf. Couth ie. 

Cootie, n. a small wooden bowl or basin ; a 
bucket-shaped barrel ; a wooden chamber- 
pot in nursery use. 

Cootie, adj. used of fowls : having the legs 
covered with feathers. 

Cootikins, n. gaiters. Cf. Cuitikins. 

Cootie, v. to handle carefully ; to put to 
rights ; to lay heads together ; to fondle, 
caress, ' cuddle ' ; to wheedle. Cf. Cuitle. 

Cootrie, n. the puffin. 

Cope, n. a coffin. 

Cope, n. the vault of heaven. 

Coper, n. a dealer. Cf. Couper. 

Cophouse, n. a house or room for keeping 
cups. 

Copy, n. a copy-book. 

Coranich, n. a Highland dirge, or a 'coro- 
nach. ' 

Corback, n. the roof of a house. 

Corban, n. a basket. 

Corbandie, re. in phr. 'there comes in 
corbandie,' used of a plausible hypothesis 
which is opposed by some great difficulty 
that occurs. 

Corbie, n. a raven ; a crow. — v. to speak in a 
harsh, guttural manner. 

Corbie-aits, n. a species of black oats. 

Corbie-craw, n. a raven ; the carrion-crow. 

Corbie-messenger, n. a messenger who re- 
turns either not at all or too late. 

Corbie-steps, re. the projections on the slant- 
ing part of a gable resembling steps. Cf. 
Craw-steps. 

Corcolit, re. a purple dye made from a lichen. 
Cf. Corkie-lit. 

Corcuddoch, Corcudoeh, adj. kindly.— v. to 
whisper together. Cf. Curcuddoch. 

Cord, v. to accord, be in accord. 

Cordet, ppl. adj. used of a baking-roller: 
ridged, as if with cords. 

tCordevan, n. sealskin or horseskin, used as 
leather. Cf. Cordowan. 

Cordiner, Cordiwaner, n. a cordwainer; a 
shoemaker. 

tCordisidron, n. lemon- or citron-peel. 

tCordon, n. a band, wreath. 

tCordowan, ». Spanish leather ; sealskin used 
as leather, tanned horseskin. 

Cords, n. a contraction of the muscles of the 
neck, a disease of horses. 

Cordy, n. a familiar designation of a shoe- 
maker. 

Core, n. the heart. 



Core 



103 



Corrieneuchin 



Core, «. a choir, company of singers or 
musicians ; a convivial company ; friendly 
terms. 

Corf-house, h. a house or shed for curing 
salmon, &c, and for keeping nets in the 
close season. 

Corft, ppl. adj. used of salmon and other 
fish : cured, salted ; boiled with salt and 
water. 

Corianders, n. coriander-seeds covered with 
sugar and used as sweets. 

tCorie, v. to curry leather. 

Corier, n. a currier. 

Cork, «. an overseer ; a master tradesman ; 
an employer ; applied by weavers to the 
manufacturers' agents, and by journeymen 
tailors to their masters. 

Cork, v. phr. ' to cork the bottle,' to throw a 
pebble up so as to fall perpendicularly into 
a pond or river with a ' plop. ' 

Cork-coom, n. burnt cork. 

Corker, Corker-pin, n. a very large pin ; a 
corking-pin. 

Corkie, n. a species of lichen used for dyeing. 

Corkie, n. the largest kind of pin ; a bodkin- 
pin ; corking-pin. 

Corkie-lit, Corklit, n. a purple dye made 
from the lichen ' corkie. ' 

Corkin-preen, n. a corking-pin. 

Corkir, n. the lichen ' corkie, ' used for dyeing. 

Cork-swollen, adj. beery. 

Corky, adj. airy, brisk, flighty, frivolous ; 
drunk. 

Corky-headit, adj. light-headed, giddy. 

Corky-noddle, n. a light-headed person. 

Cormeille, n. the bitter vetch. 

tCormes, n. sorb-apples. 

tCormundum, v. to confess a fault ; to sue 
for peace ; to own one's self vanquished. 

Corn, n. oats ; a single grain of anything, such 
as sand, pellets, &c. ; a small quantity of 
anything. — v. to feed with oats; to exhila- 
rate with liquor ; to sprinkle meat with salt, 
to pickle ; used of cereals : to fill out, yield 
much good grain. 

Corn, «. a 'quern,' a circular stone for grind- 
ing malt, &c. 

Corn-ark, n. a stable corn-bin. 

Corn-baby, n. a bunch of oats in the ear, as 
an ornament. 

Corn-cart, n. an open-spoked cart. 

Corn-cauger, n. a corn-carrier. 

Corn-clock, n. a beetle found among corn. 

Corn-craik, -craker, ». the landrail ; a hand- 
rattle ; a child's rattle. 

Corned, ///. adj. fed, provisioned ; slightly 
drunk ; salted, pickled. 

Cornel, «. a colonel. 

Corner, n. in phr. ' to put one to a corner,' 
to take precedence or authority in a house. 



Corner, v. used of grain : to fill out. 
Corners-change-corners, n. a game ; phr. ' to 

play corners -change -corners,' to play fast 

and loose. 
tCornet, n. a scarf anciently worn by doctors 

or professors as part of their academical 

costume. 
Corn-fatt, n. a corn-chest. 
Corn-harp, n. a. wire implement for freeing 

grain from seeds of weeds. 
Corn-head, n. the end-pickle on a stalk of oats. 
Cornief, n. cats' excrement. 
Corning, n. a feed of oats ; food, provision. 
Cornish, n. a cornice. 
Corn-kist, k. a stable corn-bin. 
Corn-knot, n. the knot of the band which ties 

up the sheaf. 
Corn-loft, «. a granary. 
Corn-mou, n. a stack of corn ; the place where 

corn is stacked. 
tCornoy, n. sorrow, trouble. 
Corn-pickle, 11. an ear of ' corn,' a very small 

quantity of ' corn. ' 
Corn-pipe, «. a reed or whistle, with a horn 

affixed by the tip. 
Corn-rig, n. a ' ridge ' of growing corn. 
Corn-scrack, -skraugh, n. the landrail. 
Corn-stook, n. a. shock of corn. 
Corn-waters, n. distilled spirits. 
Corny, adj. fruitful, prolific, abounding in 

grain. 
Cornyard, n. the stackyard. 
Corny-skraugh, n. the landrail. Cf. Corn- 
scrack. 
Corny-wark, n. food made of grain. 
Coronoy, n. sorrow. Cf. Cornoy. 
Corp, 11. a corpse. 

Corp-candle, n. a ' will-o'-the-wisp.' 
Corphed, ppl. adj. of salmon : cured. Cf. 

Corft. 
Corpie, n. a child's corpse. 
Corplar, n. a corporal. 
Corp-lifter, /;. a body-snatcher. 
Corpse, 11. a living body. 
Corpse-chesting, n. the placing of the corpse 

in the coffin. 
Corpse-Bheet, n. a shroud, winding-sheet. 
Corp-snapper, n. a body-snatcher. 
tCorpus, ». the body of a man or animal. 
Corrach, Corrack, n. a pannier, a basket. 
Correck, adj. correct ; upright, steady, of 

good character. 
Correctory, adj. correcting ; explanatory. 
Correnoy, n. a disturbance in the bowels ; a 

rumbling noise in the belly. 
Corrie, v. with on, to hold exclusive intimate 

correspondence in a low sort of way ; to 

gossip together. 
Corrieneuchin, ppl. conversing intimately, 

talking together. 



Corrock 



104 



Coulter-neb 



Corrock, n. a pannier. Cf. Corrach. 
Corruption, n. bad temper, ' bile.' 
Corryaander, n. the coriander plant Cf. 

Corianders. 
Cors, Corse, Coras, n. a cross; a market-place; 
the signal formerly sent round for assem- 
bling the Orcadians ; a piece of silver money 
which bore a cross. — v. to cross, pass over ; 
to thwart. 

Corsicrown, n. a game, with a square figure 
divided by four lines crossing each other 
on the crown or centre, played by two with 
three ' men ' each. 

Corsy-belly, n. a child's first shirt. 

Corter, n. a quarter ; a ' quarter ' of oatcake. 

Cosey, n. a woollen cravat. 

Cosh, adj. neat, snug, comfortable ; quiet, un- 
interrupted; familiar, friendly, loyal; smart; 
brisk ; vivacious ; happy. 

Cosh, adj. with a hollow beneath, over a 
hollow. 

Coshly, adv. neatly, comfortably, briskly. 

Cosie, n. a straw-basket. Cf. Cazzie. 

Coss, v. to exchange, barter. — n. a bargain, 
exchange. 

Coss a doe, phr. to exchange one piece of 
bread for another. 

Cossblade, n. a flower of some kind. 

Cossnent, n. working for wages without 
victuals ; phr. ' to work black cossnent,' 
to work without meat or wages. 

Cost, n. duty paid in kind, as distinguished 
from that paid in money; the board, &c. , 
given to a servant instead of money ; meal 
and malt, a feu-duty paid in meal and malt. 

Costard, n. the head. 

Coster, n. a piece of arable land. 

Cot, v. to cohabit ; to live together in a small 
cottage. 

Cote, n. -a. house or cottage of humble con- 
struction. 

Coteral, «. an elastic piece of thin split iron, 
put through a bolt to prevent it from losing 
hold, as the end opens after passing through 
the orifice. 

Cotham, v. to satisfy with food ; to eat to 
excess. 

Cothaman, n. a surfeit. 

Cothie, adj. warm, snug, comfortable. Cf. 
Couthie. 

Cothiely, adv. snugly. 

Cothroch, v. to work or to cook in a dirty, 
disgusting manner ; to ovemurse ; to handle 
too much. 

Cothrochie, adj. fond of good eating ; making 
much ado about cooking. 

Cothrochin, ppl. adj. dirty and unskilful. 

Cothrugh, adj. rustic, boorish. Cf. Codroch. 

Cotlander, n. a cottager who keeps a horse to 
plough his croft. 



Cotman, n. a farm-cottager. 

Cottar, Cotter, n. the inhabitant of a cot- 
house or cottage. 

Cottar-body, n. a cottager. 

Cottar-folk, n. cottagers. 

Cottar-house, n. a farm-labourer's house. 

Cottar-man, n. a cottager. 

Cottar's-ha', n. a peasant's cottage. 

Cottar-toun, n. a hamlet inhabited by cot- 
tagers dependent for work on the neigh- 
• homing farms. 

Cottar-wark, n. stipulated work done by the 
cottagers for the farmer on whose ground 
they dwell. 

Cotter, v. used of eggs : to fry them with butter, 
stirring them round until they are cooked. 

Cotter, v. to grow potatoes by giving seed, 
manure, and culture for the use of the land. 

Cotter, v. to potter about. — n. unskilful 
working. 

Cotterie, n. a cottar's holding ; his provision 
of a house. 

Cottie, n. a short coat ; a petticoat. Cf. 
Coatie. 

Cotton, v. to take a liking to ; to make one's 
self agreeable to. 

Cottonial, adj. cotton-like. 

Cotton weavry, n. cotton-weaving. 

Cotton-winsey, n. a material made of cotton 
and wool. 

Couch, v. to sleep. — n. a dog's kennel. 

Coucher, v. to bow down, crouch ; to do in 
a trial of strength what another cannot.— 
n. a coward. 

Coucher's-blow, n. the blow given by a mean 
and cowardly fellow before he gives up ; the 
last blow to which a coward submits. Cf. 
Coordie-lick. 

Couda, v. could have. 

Coudie, adj. affable, familiar, loving ; comfort- 
able ; pleasant to the ear ; ominous of evil. 
Cf. Couthie. 

Coudie, v. to float as a feather, alternately 
rising and sinking with the waves. 

Couf, n. a fool. Cf. Coof. 

Coug, n. a small wooden vessel with hoops, a 
'cog.' 

Cougher, v. to continue coughing. Cf. Cocher. 

Couk, v. to retch. Cf. Cook. 

Couk, v. to sort, arrange ; to manage dexter- 
ously. Cf. Cook. 

Couk, v. to appear and disappear by fits. Cf. 
Cook. 

Coukie, n. a small bun. Cf. Cookie. 

Coul, Coulie, n. a nightcap. Cf. Cowl. 

Coulie, n. a boy ; a contemptuous designation 
of a man. 

Coulter, n. a nose ; the appendage to a 
turkey-cock's bill. 

Coulter-neb, n. the puffin. 



Coulter-nebbit 



i°5 



Coutchack 



Coulter-nebbit, adj. long-nosed. 

Coum, >!. dust ; coal-dust. Cf. Coom. 

Coumit-bed, n, a bed formed of deals on all 
sides except the front, which is hung with 
a curtain. 

Coummie-edge, n. an edge of bad, ill-polished 
steel. 

Coun, v. used of children : to cry, weep aloud. 
Cf. Cown. 

Council-house, n. the town-hall. 

Council-post, «. a special messenger, such as 
formerly bore messages from the Lords of 
the Council. 

Counger, Counjer, v. to intimidate ; to give a 
drubbing. Cf. Coonjer. 

Count, v. to practise arithmetic ; to settle 
accounts. — n. calculation ; a sum in arith- 
metic. 

Count-book, n. an account-book ; a text -book 
of arithmetic. 

Counter, n. a person learning arithmetic, an 
arithmetician. 

Counter-check, -check-plane, n. a tool for 
working out the groove which unites the 
two sashes of a window in the middle. 

Counter-coup, &. to overcome, surmount ; 
to repulse ; to overturn ; to destroy. 

Counter-louper, n. a draper's assistant ; a 
shopman. 

Counting, n. arithmetic ; the yearly settle- 
ment between landlord and tenant. 

Counting-dram, re. the dram of spirits given 
after a settlement of accounts. 

Count-kin-with, phr. to compare one's pedi- 
gree with another's ; to claim blood-relation- 
ship with. 

Country, n. a quarter, region ; the people of 
a district. Cf. Kintra. 

Country-keeper, n. one employed in a district 
to apprehend delinquents. 

Coup, n. a 'caup,' cup, or bowl. 

Coup, v. to exchange, barter ; to expose to 
sale ; to deal, traffic. — n. a good bargain ; 
anything bought below its real value. 

Coup, ri. a company of people ; a quantity of 
things. 

Coup, v. to capsize, tilt ; to tumble ; to be- 
come bankrupt ; to empty by overturning ; 
to turn the scale; to drink off; to bend, 
submit. — n. a tip-cart ; a fall, upset ; a 
sudden break in a stratum of coal ; a place 
for emptying cartloads of earth, ashes, rub- 
bish, &c. 

Coup, n. a box-cart, with closed ends and 
sides. Cf. Coop. 

Coup aff, v. to fall off. 

Coupal, n. * disease of sheep, causing lame- 
ness. 

Coup and creel, phr. entirely. 

Coup-cart, «. a box-cart that tilts up. 



Coup carts, phr. to turn heels over head. 
tCoupe-jarret, n. one who hamstrings another. 
Couper, n. a dealer ; a horse- or cattle-dealer. 
Couper-word, n. the first word in demanding 

' boot ' in a bargain. 
tCoupin, n. a piece cut off; a shred, slice ; a 

fragment. Cf. Coupon. 
Coupit, ppl. adj. confined to bed by illness. 
Couple, n. a rafter. — v. to marry ; to mate. 
Couple-baulk, -baak, n. a rafter, beam ; the 

collar-beam of a roof. 
Couple-hicht, adj. in great excitement or 

anger. 
Couple-nail, n. a rafter-nail. 
Couple-yill, n. drink given to carpenters on 

putting up the ' couples ' in a new house. 
tCoupon, n. a piece ; a portion of a body that 

has been quartered. 
Coup over, v. to fall asleep ; to be confined 

in childbed. 
Coup over the creels, phr. to come to grief, 

make a mess of. 
Coup the cart, phr. get the better of, be done 

with. 
Coup the crans, phr. to overthrow, get the 

better of. 
Coup the creels, phr. to fall, turn head over 

heels ; to die ; to bring forth an illegitimate 

child. 
Coup the harrows, phr. to overthrow. 
Coup-the-ladle, n. the game of ' see-saw.' 
Cour, v. to stoop, crouch. Cf. Coor. 
Cour, v. to recover. Cf. Coor. 
Courage-bag, n. the scrotum. 
tCourant, n. a running and violent dance ; a 

great fuss ; a scolding. 
Courch, n. a woman's cap. Cf. Curch. 
tCourchieff, n. a covering for a woman's head. 
Courie, adj. timid. 
Courie, n. a small stool. Cf. Currie. 
Courple, re. a crupper. Cf. Curple. 
Court, re. the lawn or grass-plot about a 

house. 
Court-day, re. rent-day. 
Courtin, ». a farm straw-yard. 
Courtiser, n. one who holds property by right 

of ' courtesy. ' 
Couser, re. a stallion. Cf. Cooser. 
Cousin-red, «. kinship, consanguinity. 
Coust, n. duty paid in kind. Cf. Cost. 
Cout, re. a young horse ; a term of contempt 

applied to a man. 
Cout, re. a hard-twisted handkerchief used in 

the game of ' craw. ' 
Coutch, v. to lay out land in a proper and 

convenient division among joint proprietors. 

— n. a portion of land held in one lot and 

not in ' runrig. ' 
Coutchack, ». a blazing fire ; the clearest part 

of a fire. Cf. Guschach. 



Coutcher 



106 



Cowie 



Coutcher, v. to bow down, crouch. — it. a 

coward. Cf. Coucher. 
Couter, «. a coulter. 
Cout-evil, n. strangles in young horses. 
Couth, v. pret. could. 

Couth, adj. pleasant, kind, affable; comfort- 
able, snug. — it. kindness. 
Couthie, adj. kind, pleasant, agreeable, affable; 

tender, sympathetic ; snug, comfortable ; 

well-to-do. — adv. affectionately. 
Couthily, adv. kindly. 
Couthineas, ;/. friendliness, familiarity. 
Couthleaa, adj. cold, unkind. 
Couthy-like, adj. having the appearance of 

kindness. 
Coutribat, n. a tumult. 
Coutter, «. a sort of decanter for holding 

wine. Cf. Cutter. 
Coutterthirl, n. the vacuity between the 

coulter and the ploughshare. 
Cove, n. a cave, cavern ; a sea-cave with 

narrow entrance. 
Covenant, n. wages without food. 
Covenanter, n. a whisky-jar. 
Cover, n. stock, property, &c. convertible into 

cash. 
Cover, n. a good crop covering the ground. 
Covetiae, n. covetousness. 
Covetta, n. a plane used for moulding framed 

work. 
Covine, n. fraud, artifice. 
Covine, n. a company or division of witches, 

consisting of thirteen. 
Covin-tree, n. a large tree in front of an 

old mansion-house, where the laird met his 

visitors. 
Cow, n. a twig of a shrub ; a bush ; a besom 

of broom ; a birch for whipping ; fuel for a 

temporary fire. 
Cow, k. a goblin, sprite, apparition ; scare- 
crow. 
Cow, v. to rate, upbraid ; to scold an equal or 

superior ; to snub ; to surpass, beat, outdo. 

— n. a fright ; a coward ; a frightful object. 
Cow, v. to cut, crop, clip short, prune ; to 

crop, browse. — ». a clipping, polling; the 

act of pruning. Cf. Coll. 
Cow, n. a rude shed over the mouth of a 

coal-pit. 
Cowan, «. it fishing-boat. 
Cowan, u. a mason who builds ' dry-stone 

dykes ' or walls without mortar ; a term of 

contempt for a mason who has not been 

regularly apprenticed ; one who is not a 

Freemason. 
Cowaner, «. a ' cowan '-mason. 
Cowardie, v. to surpass in athletics. 
Cowardie, «. a coward. 
Cowardie-blow, -lick, n. a blow given as a 

challenge to fight. 



Cowardie-amit, u. a blow given as a challenge 

to fight. 
Cowardly-blow, n. a blow given as a challenge 

to fight. 
Cow-baillie, «. a cattleman on a farm. 
Cow-beaat, n. a cow, an ox. 
Cowble, v. used of ice : to undulate; to'shog.' 

Cf. Coble. 
Cow-byre, ». a cow-house. 
Cow-cakea, u. wild parsnip. 
Cow-earl, re. a bugbear ; one who uses in- 
timidation. 
Cow-clooa, «. the common trefoil. 
Cow-cluahern, «. cow's dung as it drops in a 

heap. 
Cow-couper, n. cow-dealer. 
Cow-craeker, n. the bladder-campion. 
Cow-eraik, n. a mist with an easterly wind, a 

' haar.' 
Cowd, v. to float slowly, moving on slight 

waves ; to swim. — n. a. gentle, rocking 

motion ; a pleasant sail ; a swim. 
Cowda, Cowdach, n. a small cow ; a heifer. 
Cowder, n. a boat that sails pleasantly. 
Cowdie, adj. pleasant, kindly, cheerful. Cf. 

Couthie. 
Cowdie, v. to float, move with the motion of 

the waves. 
Cow-doetor, re. a veterinary surgeon. 
Cowdrum, re. a beating ; a severe scolding. 
Cowdy, n. a little cow ; a hornless cow ; a 

heifer. Cf. Cowda. 
Cowe, n. a broom ; a besom ; a bush. Cf. 

Cow. 
Cowe, v. to frighten ; to snub ; to surpass. — 

re. a fright, a coward. Cf. Cow. 
Cowe, v. to crop ; to clip short ; to prune ; to 

browse. — n. a clipping, polling. Cf. Cow, 

Coll. 
Cowe'en-, Cowen-elders, re. cormorants. 
Cowen, 11. a mason who builds walls without 

mortar. Cf. Cowan. 
Cower, v. to keep still ; to bend, yield to ; to 

lower ; to droop. 
Cower, v. to recover, get well, get over. 
Cowery, v. to crouch. Cf. Coorie. 
Cowey, re. the seal. Cf. Cowie. 
Cow-feeder, ». a dairyman who keeps cows 

and retails milk. 
Cow-fish, n. any large, oval shell-fish. 
Cow-gang, 11. a cow's walk. 
Cow-grass, re. the common purple clover. 
Cow-heave, re. the colt's-foot. 
Cowhow, re. a state of excitement, a hubbub, 

much ado. 
Cow-hubby, re. a cowherd. 
Cowie, u. a hornless cow ; a small cow ; the 

seal. 
Cowie, adj. odd, queer. 
Cowie, adv. very, exceedingly. 



Cow-ill 



107 



Crack-massie 



Cow-ill, re. any disease of cows. 
Cowin', re. a fright ; an alarm ; a snubbing. 
Cowin's, re. what is cut or broken off. 
Cowit, ppl. adj. closely cropped or polled ; 

with short and thin hair. 
Cowk, v. to retch, strain, vomit. — n. a belch, 

a vomit. 
Cowl, re. a nightcap. 
Cowlady-stone, «. a kind of quartz. Cf. 

Collady-stone. 
Cowl-headed, adj. wearing a nightcap. 
Cowlick, re. a lock of hair that will not lie 

flat. Cf. Cow's-lick. 
Cowlie, re. a nightcap. 
Cowlie, re. a man who picks up a girl on the 

street ; a rogue, fellow ; a boy ; a term of 

contempt. Cf. Coulie. 
Cowll, re. a fellow, ' cowlie. ' 
Cow-mack, re. the bladder-campion. 
Cowman, re. a name for the devil. 
Cown, v. used of children : to cry, weep aloud. 
Cowp, re. a basket for catching fish. 
Cowp, re. a number, quantity. Cf. Coup. 
Cowp, v. to barter, deal. Cf. Coup. 
Cowp, v . to fall, overturn. Cf. Coup. 
Cowpendoch, re. a young cow. Cf. Colpin- 

dach. 
Cowper, re. a horse-dealer. 
Cowper-justice, re. trying a man after execu- 
tion ; ' Jeddart justice.' 
Cowpers, re. part of the mounting of a weaver's 

loom. 
Cow-plat, re. cow- dung dropped in the fields. 
"fCowpon, re. a shred, fragment ; mpl. shivers, 

bits. Cf. Coupon. 
Cow-quake, re. a. cattle-disease caused by cold 

weather ; the cold easterly wind in May 

that produces the disease. 
Cowr, v. to crouch. Cf. Cower. 
Cowr, v. to recover. Cf. Cower. 
Cow's-backrin, re. cow-dung dropped in the 

fields. 
CoVs-band, re. the band binding the cow to 

the stake, given in pledge for borrowed 

money. 
Cowschot, Cowshot, re. the ringdove. Cf. 

Cushet. 
Cow-sharn, re. cow-dung. 
Cow-shite, 11. a contemptible person. 
Cowshot, re. a kind of marl, brown and gray. 
Cowshus, Cowshious, adj. cautious. 
Cowslem, re. the evening star. 
Cow's-lick, re. an upstanding lock of hair. 
Cow's-mouth, re. the cowslip. 
CoVs-thumb, re. a small distance ; a hair's- 

breadth. 
Cowstick, re. lunar caustic. 
Cowt, re. a colt ; a rough, clumsy fellow, lout. 
Cowt, v. to colt ; to beat, thrash. — n. a cudgel, 
rung, strong stick. 



Cow-the-cady, -cuddy, phr. to surpass, outdo. 

Cow-the-gowan, phr. 11. a fleet horse.— v. to 
outdo, excel. I 

Cow-tushlach, n. cow-dung. 

Cowzie, adj. boisterous ; terrific. 

Cox, v. to coax ; to persuade. 

Coxy, adj. conceited, coxcombical. 

Coxy, adj. coaxing. 

Coy, re. a heifer. Cf. Quey. 

Coy-duck, re. a decoy. 

Cozin, re. a cousin. 

Crab, h. a sour, disagreeable person ; a crab- 
apple. — v. to put out of temper, fret. 

Crab, re. a kerb. 

Crabbit-like, adj. looking cross-grained. 

Crabbitly, adv. crossly ; peevishly ; morosely. 

Crabbitness, re. crossness ; bad temper. 

Crab-craigs, n. rocks on which crabs are 
caught. 

Crab-fish, re. a crab. 

Crab-grained, adj. cross-grained, ill-tempered. 

Crab-stane, re. a kerb-stone. 

Crack, re. a sudden, loud crash ; a thunder- 
peal ; an instant ; a blow ; a boast, brag ; 
conversation, gossip ; a tale, story ; a lie ; 
a good talker, a gossip. — v. to become 
-bankrupt ; to strike a sharp blow ; to strike 
a match ; to brag, boast ; to chat, gossip ; 
with up, to extol, praise. — adj. crack- 
brained. 

Crack a spunk, phr. to strike a match. 

Cracker, re. a boaster ; a great talker ; a 
gossip; the small cord at the end of a 
whip ; a manifest exaggeration ; an astound- 
ing statement. 

Crackerheads, re. the roots of tangles, the 
vesicles of which crack. 

Crackers, re. castanets ; bones or , pieces of 
wood used as castanets. 

Cracket, re. a small wooden stool. 

Cracket, re. the cricket. 

Crack-hemp, re. a gallows-bird. 

Crackie, Crackie-stool, re. a low, three-legged 
stool with a small hole in the middle of the 
seat for lifting it. 

Crackin-bout, re. a bout of gossip. 

Cracking of the herrings, phr. a loud sound 
like a pistol-crack, after which the herrings 
leave a place. 

Crackings, re. a dish made of the strainings 
of suet or lard, mixed with oatmeal, and 
browned over the fire. 

Crackling, n. tallow-refuse. 

Crackling-biscuit, n. a biscuit made for dogs 
of the refuse of fat used in making margarine. 
Crackling-cheese, n. refuse tallow pressed 
into the form of cheese, for feeding dogs or 
poultry. 
Crackly, adj. brittle. 
Crack-massie, «. a boaster ; boasting. 



Crack-nut 



1 08 



Crance 



Crack-nut, „. a hazel-nut. 

Cracks, n. news. 

Cracksie, adj. talkative, ' newsy.' 

Crack-tryst, «. one who fails to keep an 
engagement to meet. 

Cracky, adj. talkative ; affable. 

Cracky, adj. silly, cracked, of weak mind. 

Cradden, Cradeuch, n. a dwarf ; a diminutive 
person. 

Cradle, n. a frame for carrying glass. — v. to 
lie still in the cradle. 

Cradle-chimlay, n. a large, oblong cottage- 
grate, open on all sides. 

Cradle-end, n. the beginning. 

Cradley-ba, n. a cradle ; a lullaby. 

Craem, n. a merchant's booth. Cf. Crame. 

Craft, «. a craftsman. 

Craft, n. a croft. 

Craft-crammed, adj. stuffed with learning. 

Crafter, n. a crofter. 

Craftily, adv. skilfully, cleverly. 

Craggin, n. a jar, a pitcher. Cf. Crogan. 

Craich, n. a Highland raid. Cf. Creagh. 

Craickle, n. a hoarse, croaking sound. 

Craid, n. yellow clover. 

Craig, v. to creak ; to make a harsh noise. 

Craig, n. a crag, a rocky place. 

Craig, n. the neck, throat. — v. to drink, 
swallow. 

Craig-agee, adj. wry-necked. 

Craig-bane, n. the collar-bone. 

Craig-cloth, n. a neckcloth, cravat. 

Craiged, pfl. adj. pertaining to the neck or 
throat. 

Craig-fluke, n. the rock-flounder. 

Craig-herring, n. the alike shad. 

Craighle, v. to cough huskily or hard. — n. a 
short, dry cough. Cf. Croighle. 

Craigie, n. the throat ; a long-necked bottle. 

Craigie-heron, n. the heron. 

Craig-lug, n. the point of -■ rock ; a sharp- 
pointed rock. 

Craig's close, n. the throat. 

Craig-sitting, n. a seat on the rocks for 
fishing. 

Craigsman, n. one who climbs sea-cliffs for 
sea-fowl or their eggs. 

Craigstane, n. a seat on the rocks for sea- 
fishing. 

Craigy, adj. rocky. 

Craik, n. the landrail ; a child's toy-rattle. 

Craik, v. to croak ; to cry out harshly ; to 
murmur ; to whine for anything. — 11. a 
croaking cry, grumbling ; the cry of a hen 
after laying. 

Craik, 11. a gossip; ill-natured talk; telling 
tales. 

Craik, v. to creak, as a door-hinge. 

Craiker, n. the landrail. 

Crail-capon, „. a dried haddock. 



Craim, n. a merchant's stand or shop, a booth. 
Cf. Crame. 

Crainroch, n. hoar-frost, rime. Cf. Cranreuch. 

Craise, Craize, v. to weaken, shatter ; to be 
ready to fall to pieces ; to creak, groan ; to 
sit on a chair tilted up, and move it back- 
wards and forwards ; to confuse, muddle. — 
n. a crack, a blow ; dotage ; wrong-headed- 
ness ; a foolish fondness. Cf. Craze. 

Crait, ». a crate for holding window-glass. 

Craive, n. a pig-sty. Cf. Cruive. 

Crake, v. to croak. Cf. Craik. 

Cram, v. to gorge. 

tCramasie, Cramasye, CrameBye, «. crimson 
colour ; crimson cloth. Cf. Cramoisie. 

Crambo-clink, -jingle, -jink, n. rhyme, dog- 
gerel verse. 

Crame, n. a merchant's booth ; a stall for sale 
of goods in a street or in a market ; mer- 
chandise. — v. to hawk goods. 

Cramer, n. a pedlar, hawker. 

Crame-ware, n. articles sold at a stall or 
booth. 

Crame-wife, n. a female stall -holder at 
markets or fairs. 

tCramoisie, Cramosie, ». crimson; crimson 
cloth. 

Cramp, n. an iron sheet, indented to grip the 
ice, on which the curler stands to throw 
his stones. — v. to contract. — adj. confined; 
difficult to decipher or understand. 

Cramp-bit, n. a spiked iron strapped to the 
shoe by curlers to prevent slipping. 

Cramp-hand, n. a cramped style of hand- 
writing. — adj. not easily deciphered. 

Crampit, Crampet, n. an iron with small 
spikes, worn on the curler's foot to keep him 
from slipping; a cramping-iron ; the cramp- 
iron of a scabbard ; the guard of a sword- 
handle ; the iron shod of a staff ; an iron 
runner of a sledge ; a spike driven into a 
wall to support something. 

Cramp-speech, n. a set speech in Latin, 
formerly made by an advocate on his entry 
at the Scottish Bar. 

Cramp-word, 11. a word difficult to pronounce 
or understand. 

Cran, n. a measure of herrings taken from 
the net, averaging 750. 

Cran, n. an iron tripod for supporting a pot 
on a hearth-fire ; an iron instrument, laid 
across the fire, reaching from the front to 
the back of the grate, to support a pot or 
kettle ; a bent tap. 

Cran, n. the crane ; the heron ; the swift. 

Cran, n. a carcass, dead body. Cf. Crang. 

Cranberry, «. the cowberry ; the bearberry. 

Crance, n. a crack or chink in a wall, through 
which wind blows. 

Crance, n. a chaplet. 



Cranch 



109 



Craw-dulse 



Cranch, v. to crush, crunch, grind with the 
teeth. — re. a crush, a crunch, grinding with 
the teeth. 

Cran-craig, n. one who has a long neck. 

Cran-craigie, -craigit, adj. long-necked. 

Crancreugh, re. hoar-frost, rime. Cf. Cran- 
reuch. 

Crancrums, re. things hard to be understood. 

Crancum, re. a prank, trick. 

Crandruch, re. hoar-frost, rime. Cf. Cran- 
reuch. 

Crane, re. the tap of a gaslight or of a barrel. 

Craneberry, re. the cranberry. 

Cranes, re. stilts. 

Crane-swallow, re. the swift. 

Crang, re. a carcass, dead body. Cf. Cran. 

Cran-hooks, re. the hooks for lifting barrels by 
their chines. 

Cranie, re. a small person. Cf. Crannie. 

Cranie-wee, adj. very small. 

Crank, re. an iron attached to the feet in curl- 
ing, to prevent the player from slipping on the 
ice ; a difficult point ; an effort to overcome 
a difficulty. — adj. twisted, distorted ; ill- 
balanced ; infirm, sick ; impossible to get 
on with or manage ; hard, difficult, curious, 
not easy to understand. 

Crank, re. a harsh, creaking noise ; the noise 
of an ungreased wheel ; inharmonious verse. 

Crank, v. to shackle a horse. 

Crankous, adj. fretful, captious. 

Cranky, adj. ailing, sickly ; irritable. 

Crannach, re. porridge. 

Crannie, re. the little finger. 

Crannie, re. a square or oblong aperture in the 
wall of a house ; a ' bole,' a ' bore.' 

Crannie-bore, -hole, re. a chink, crevice. 

Crannied, ppl. adj. pent up. 

Crannie-wannie, re. the little finger. 

Cranreuch, Cranreuth, re. hoar-frost, rime. 

Cranrochie, adj. rimy ; abounding with hoar- 
frost. 

Cranshach, Cranshak, Cranshank, re. a 
cripple ; a deformed person. 

Crany, Crany-wany, re. the little finger. Cf. 
Crannie, Crannie-wannie. 

Crap, re. a bird's crop ; the throat ; the 
stomach ; the highest part of anything ; of 
whey : the thick part that rises to the 
surface ; the ' stilts ' of a plough ; the 
horizon ; the cone of a fir-tree. — v. to top ; 
to keep to the top. 

Crap, v. to fill ; to stuff. 
Crap, v. pret. crept. 

Crap, v. to crop ; to lop ; to gather flowers ; 
to yield a crop ; to cut the hair closely. — 
re. a crop, produce of the fields, of lambs, 
of wool, &c. ; a close cutting of the hair. 
Crap, re. the quantity of grain put at one 
time on a kiln to be dried. 



Crap and root, phr. entirely ; from top to 
bottom. 

Crapfu', re. a full crop or maw. 

Crapin, re. a bird's crop. Cf. Crappin. 

Crap-land, re. land under crop. 

Crap 0' the causey, re. the crown or raised 
middle of the causeway. 

Crap o' the wa', re. the highest part of an 
inside wall. 

Crap o' the water, re. the first water taken from 
a well after midnight of Dec. 31, supposed 
to bring good luck for the new year. 

Crappet, ppl. adj. crop-eared. 

Crappie, adj. used of cereals : bearing well, 
having large ears. 

Crappin, re. a bird's crop ; the stomach. 

Crappin, re. carping ; asking troublesome 
questions. 

Crappin-, Crappit-head, re. the head of a cod 
or haddock stuffed with a mixture of oat- 
meal, suet, onions, and pepper. 

Crapple-mapple, re. ale. 

Craps, re. ranches ; the seed-pods of ranches 
or wild mustard. 

Crasie, re. a woman's cotton sun-bonnet. 

Crat, adj. puny, feeble. — re. a weak child ; a 
person of weak stomach. 

Crater, re. the centre ; the vortex. 

Cratur, re. a creature ; whisky. Cf. Creature. 

Craug, re. the neck ; the weasand. Cf. Craig. 

Crauk, v. to fret, complain ; to croak. Cf. 
Craik. 

Craundroch, re. hoar-frost, rime. Cf. Cran- 
reuch. 

Craup, v. pret. crept. 

Crave, v. to demand payment, dun for a debt ; 
to long for food and drink ; to go about 
begging. 

Crave, re. a pig-sty. Cf. Cruive. 

Craver, re. a creditor, a dun ; a note demand- 
ing payment of a debt. 

Craving, re. dunning ; hunger, from want of 
food or from cold. 

Craving-card, re. a begging-letter. 

Craving extracts, phr. asking extracts of 
minutes of an inferior Church court in an 
appeal to a higher. 

Craw, re. the rook ; the carrion crow ; the 
hooded crow ; a strong craving for drink ; a 
children's game. — v. to caw ; to croak. 

Craw, re. the crop of a bird. 

Craw, re. a pen, a pig-sty. Cf. Crue. 

Craw, v. to crow like a cock ; to boast, 
brag. — re. the crow of a cock ; a brag, boast ; 
a shout, noise as of children at play. 
Craw-berry, -croup, re. the crowberry. 
Craw-bogle, -deil, re. a scarecrow. 
Craw-day, re. the morning, dawn. 
Crawdoun, re. a coward. 
Craw-dulse, re. an edible fringed fucus. 



Craw-feet i 

Craw-feet, n. wrinkles round the eyes. Cf. 

Craw-foot. 
Craw-flee, n. a boys' game. 
Craw-flower, n. the wild hyacinth ; the 

ranunculus. Cf. Craw-tae. 
Craw-foot, n. the ranunculus, crow-foot. 
Craw-foot, «. a caltrop. 
Craw-head, n. the chimney-head. 
Crawl, v. used of insects : to swarm, infest, 

abound. 
Craw-maa, n. the kittiwake. 
Craw-mill, n. a large rattle for frightening 

crows. 
Craw-plantin, n. a rookery. 
Craw-pockies, ». the eggs of sharks, skate, 

and dog-fish. 
Craw-prod, n. a pin fixed on the top of a 

gable to which the ropes fastening the roof 

of a cottage are tied. 
Craw-road, u. the direct way, as the crow 

flies. 
Craws, n. in phr. ' wae 's my craws ! ' woe 's 

my heart ! 
Craws'-bridal, -court, -marriage, n. a large 

gathering of crows. 
Craws' nest, n. a robbers' den. 
Craw's-purse, n. the ovarium of a skate. 
Craws'-siller, n. mica. 
Craw-steppit, adj. having 'craw-steps.' 
Craw-steps, n. a set of projecting steps on 

the gables of the roofs of old houses. Cf. 

Corbie-steps. 
Craw-Sunday, n. the first Sunday in March, 

on which crows were supposed to begin to 

build nests. 
Craw-tae, «. the wild hyacinth ; the ranun- 
culus or crowfoot ; a wrinkle about the eye. 
Crawtaes, n. caltrops. 
Crawtt, n. a small, insignificant person. 
Cray, n. a hutch, a coop. 
Craze, v. to weaken, wear out, be ready to 

fall in pieces ; to creak, groan ; to distract, 

to madden. — it. a crack, blow ; a measure 

of wrong-headedness, dotage ; foolish or 

inordinate fondness. 
Craziness, n. physical weakness. 
Crazy, n. a woman's cotton sun-bonnet. Cf. 

Chraisy. 
Crazy, adj. rickety ; dilapidated ; tumble- 
down ; infirm, weak. 
Creagh, n. a Highland raid ; prey, booty. 
Cream, n. a merchant's booth, a market-stall; 

a pack of goods for sale. — v. to hawk goods. 

Cf. Crame. 
Creamer, n. a pedlar ; stall-keeper. 
Creamerie, n. merchandise ; goods sold by a 

pedlar. 
Cream of the well, ». the first water drawn 

from a well on New Year's Day. 
Cream-ware, n. articles sold from a booth. 



o Creepit 

Cream-wife, «. a female stall-keeper at a fair. 

Crear, n. a kind of lighter or barque. 

Creash, n. grease. Cf. Creesh. 

Creast, v. to worry or tear in pieces with the 
mouth. 

Creature, h. whisky ; a term of contempt or 
pity. 

Credit, n. approbation, approval. 

Credulity, n. belief. 

Cree, n. a pen ; sty ; fold. 

Cree, v. to meddle with. 

Creech, n. a declivity encumbered with large 
stones. 

Creed, n. a severe rebuke, 'lecture'; '« bit, 
of one's mind ' ; an adage, saying. 

Creek, n. in phr. ' creek o' day,' daybreak. 

Creekle, v. to tremble, shake in feebleness. 

Creeks, n. in phr. 'creeks and corners,' nooks 
and corners. 

Creeks, n. traps, snares. 

Creel, n. a state of perplexity, stupefaction, or 
madness ; the stomach. — v. with eggs, to 
meddle with. 

Creel, adj. worth preserving ; worth house- 
room. 

Creel-fu', n. a basketful. 

Creelie, n. a small creel. 

Creeling, n. an obsolete marriage custom on 
the second day of the wedding. 

Creen, v. to hum, sing in a low, plaintive 
style, 'croon'; to whine. 

Creenge, v. to cringe. 

Creenie, adj. diminutive. — n. the little finger. 
Cf. Crannie. 

Creenie-cranie, n. the little finger. 

Creep, v. used of a child : to crawl on all- 
fours ; of the flesh : to shudder or shiver 
from cold or fear. — n. a crawl ; a shiver 
from cold or fear. 

Creep-at-even, n. one who courts under 
cloud of night. 

Creeper, n. a grapnel ; in pi. dragging-tackle 
used by smugglers to catch and raise to the 
surface kegs which had been sunk at the 
approach of a revenue-cutter ; the sensation 
of creeping or shivering. 

Creepie, n. a grapnel. — adj. having tt sensa- 
tion of creeping. 

Creepie, n. a bed. 

Creepie, Creepie-stool, n. a low stool; a 
child's stool ; a milking-stool ; any small 
stool ; the ' stool of repentance.' 

Creepie-ohair, n. a low chair ; the ' stool of 
repentance ' for public penitents. 

Creep-in, v. to shorten, to grow short, shrink, 
contract. 

Creeping-bur, n. the club-moss. 

Creeping-seefer, n. the ivy-leaved toad-flax, 

Creeping-wheat-grass, n. couch-grass, 

Creepit, v. pret. and///, crept. 



Creep-out i 

Creep-out, v. to lengthen, grow long. 

Creep-over, v. to swarm with insects, ver- 
min, &c. 

Creep together, v. to marry. 

Creepy, n. the hedge-sparrow. 

tCreese, n. a crisis. 

tCreesh, n. grease, fat, oil ; a blow, thrash- 
ing- — v. to grease, lubricate ; to thrash, 
beat ; with loof, to bribe. 

Creeshie, adj. greasy, oily. — n. a greasing ; 
sometimes used of a big pinch of snuff. 

Creeshiness, n. greasiness. 

Creeshing, n. a beating. 

Creeshless, adj. lean, without fat. 

Creest, v. to raise the head, crest. Cf. Criest. 

Creesty, adj. forward, precocious. 

tCreeze, n. a crisis. Cf. Crise. 

Creighle, v. to cough huskily. — n. a husky 
cough. Cf. Croighle. 

Creil, n. a creel. Cf. Creel. 

Creish, n. grease. Cf. Creesh. 

Creist, n. a diminutive and loquacious 
person. Cf. Cryste. 

Cresie, Cresie-jean, n. a woman's cotton sun- 
bonnet. Cf. Chraisy. 

Crespeis, Creapie, n. a grampus ; a small 
whale. 

Cress, v. to crease ; to rumple. — n. a crease ; 
a rumple. 

Cressy, adj. abounding in cress. 

Crested-doucker, n. the great crested-grebe. 

Creuk, n. a hook on which a gate hangs ; 
a hook and chain for hanging pots, &c. , 
over a fire ; anything crooked ; a scheme, 
device ; the turn of a stream ; a misfor- 
tune, trial, cross ; a limp, halt. — adj. awry, 
crooked. — v. to bend, bow ; to limp. Cf. 
Crook. 

Creuzie, n. an obsolete rushlight oil -lamp. 
Cf. Crusie. 

Creuzie, n. a flat hat worn by women. 

Crevice, Crevise, Crevish, n. the rack above 
the manger in a stable. 

tCrevish, n. the crayfish. 

Cre-waw, n. a jackdaw's cry. 

Crewe, n. a hovel ; a pig-sty. Cf. Croo, Crue. 

tCrewells, n. scrofula. Cf. Cruels. 

Creyst, n. a diminutive and talkative person. 
Cf. Cryste. 

Creyt, n. a species of polypody fern. 

Criauve, v. to crow. 

Crib, «. a bicker of porridge ; food. 

Crib, n. a reel for winding yarn. 

Crib, 11. a coop, a pen. 

Crib, n. a curb ; the kerb-stone. — v. to curb, 
check. 

Cribbie, n. the quantity of yarn reeled on a 
'crib.' 

Crib-biter, n. a horse that gnaws the manger 
and sucks in wind. 



i Crisp 

Crib-stane, n. a kerb-stone. Cf. Crab-stane. 

Crick-crack, n. a. talk, a chat. 

Cricke, n. a species of tick, a louse. Cf. 

Crike. 
Cricket, n. the grasshopper. 
Cricklet, «. the smallest of a litter ; the 

weakest nestling. 
Cried-fair, n. a market or fair, of which 

time and place have been proclaimed some 

time before, and which is therefore well 

attended. 
Criesh, n. grease. Cf. Creesh. 
Criest, v. to rear, raise, erect. Cf. Creest. 
Criftens, Crifty, int. an excl. of surprise. 
Crike, n. a species of tick infesting the 

human body ; a louse. 
Crile, n. a dwarf; a child that does not 

thrive. 
Cril't, ppl. adj. unthriven, stunted. 
Crim, v. to purse up the mouth. 
Criminals, n. criminal matters, in contrast to 

civil. 
Crim-mou't, adj. having the mouth pursed 

up or deeply sunk in the face ; proud, 

conceited. 
Crimp, adj. crisp ; hard, difficult. 
Crimp, adj. short of measure, scarce, 

' scrimp. ' 
Crimp, v. to pucker. 
Crimpet, n. a crumpet. 
Crimping-pin, n. an instrument for puckering 

the border of a lady's cap. 
Clinch, v. to grind with the teeth ; to masti- 
cate hard and brittle substances, as biscuits, 

unboiled vegetables, or unripe fruit. — n. a 

small bit or morsel. 
Crine, v. to shrivel ; to shrink in cooking ; 

to dry up from exposure ; to grow small 

through old age, &c. 
Cringe, v. to tremble for one's safety. 
Crinkams, n. twists and turns. 
Crinkie-winkie, n. a contention. 
Crinkling, ppl. adj. used of a cough : hard, 

dry, rustling. 
Crinky, n. an iron rod with a hook at the 

end. 
Crinsh, v. to crunch. — n. a small piece of 

anything. Cf. Clinch. 
Cripple, v- to walk lame ; to hobble ; to 

struggle lamely. 
Cripple-dick, «. a lame person. 
Cripple-goat, n. the last cut handful of corn, 

sent as a. trophy by a farmer to his neigh- 
bour who is still busy cutting corn. 
Cripple-justice, n. a person lame yet proud 

of personal appearance. 
Cripple men, n. oatcakes toasted before a fire. 
tCrise, n. a crisis. Cf. Creese. 
Crisp, v. to crackle, as ground under the 

feet in a slight frost. 



Cristendie 



112 



Crood 



Cristendie, n. Christendom. 

Cristing, n. a christening. 

Crittle, n. a broken piece, as of fuel. Cf. 

Crottle. 
Crittly, adj. friable, crumbly. 
Criv, Crive, n. a pen ; a pig-sty ; an en- 
closure for hens ; a cabin, hovei. — v, to 

shut up, pen up. Cf. Cruive. 
Cro, n. a cattle-disease affecting the limbs. 
Cro, n. compensation made for the slaughter 

of a man, according to his rank. Cf. 

Croy. 
Croachle, v. to cough huskily. — n. a husky 

cough. Cf. Croighle. 
Croagh, v. to strangle. 
Croak, n. a ewe past breeding. Cf. Crock. 
Croak, v. to crow like a child ; to die. 
Crocanition, n. shivers ; utter destruction ; 

smash. Cf. Crockanition. 
Croch, v. to make a noise in the throat, as if 

from cold or weak lungs. 
Crochet, n. the end of a curb-chain. 
Crochle, n. in pi. a disease in the hindlegs 

of cattle, rendering them lame. — v. to limp, 

be a cripple. 
Crochle-girs, n. the self-heal plant, believed 

to produce the disease of ' crochles. ' 
Crock, n. a large earthenware jar for hold- 
ing butter, sugar, salt, &c. ; a fragment of 

earthenware. 
Crock, Crock-yow, n. an old ewe, one too old 

for breeding. 
Crock, v. to crouch, cower. 
Crock, v. to kill. 
Crock, v. to croak ; used of the bowels : to 

rumble. 
Crockanition, n. shivers, bits ; destruction ; 

smash. 
Crockats, n. ruffles, neck ornaments ; curls, 

tresses. 
Crocker, n. a species of boys' marble. 
Crockie, n. a low stool for children. Cf. 

Crackie. 
Crof, Croft, «. a temporary shed variously 

used during the fishing season. Cf. Corf. 
Croft, n. in phr. 'the goodman's croft,' a 

small piece of land left unfilled, and dedi- 
cated to the devil. 
Croft, n. a crop. 
Crofthead, it. the end of the croft or small 

field adjoining the dwelling-house. 
Croftie, n. a small croft. 
Crofting, ». the state of land constantly in 

crop ; the land thus cropped. 
Croft-land, n. land of superior quality, kept 

constantly manured and under crop. 
Croft-rig, n. a croft ridge or field. 
Crog, it. a milk-bowl. Cf. Crock. 
Crog, n. a paw ; a large hand. 
Crogan, n. paws. 



Crogan, n. a milk-bowl. 
Croichle, v. to limp. Cf. Crochle. 
Croighle, Croichle, v. to cough huskily. — n. a. 

short, dry cough. 
Croighlin, «. dry, hard coughing. 
Croil, n. a frail person or animal ; one broken 

down from age or use ; a dwarf, a stunted 

person or animal. Cf. Crile. 
Crointer, n. the gray gurnard. 
Croise, n. to burn with a mark ; to brand 

with a cross. Cf. Cross. 
Croise, v. to gossip ; to talk much about 

little ; to whine in sympathy ; to use 

flattering talk; to whine. — n. flattery; a 

flatterer. Cf. Crose. 
Croishtarish, n. the fiery-cross as a war-signal. 
Croittoch, n. a lameness in cattle's hoofs. 
Croittoch 'd,///. adj. suffering from 'croittoch.' 
Crok, «. a dwarf. 

Crok, v . to suffer decay from age ; to die. 
Crok, n. a ewe past breeding. Cf. Crock. 
Crok, «. a milk-bowl. Cf. Crog. 
Croke, v. to croak ; to crow like a child ; to 

die. 
Crokets, n. ruffles. Cf. Crockats. 
Crokonition, Crockonition, Crokynition, n. 

shivers ; destruction ; smash. Cf. Crocka- 
nition. 
Croll, n. a pause ; respite ; time for reflection. 
Crom, v. to bend; to double. — n. a bend.— 

adj. bent. 
Cromack, Cromag, n. the hand with the 

finger-tips and thumb brought together. 
Cromag's-fu, n. the quantity lifted with the 

fingers and thumb brought together. 
Crombie's-punch, n. grog, half-water, half- 
whisky. Cf. Crummie's-punch. 
Cromie, n. a cow with crumpled horns. Cf. 

Crummy. 
Cronach, n. a Highland dirge, or a ' coronach.' 
Cronachie, n. a child's name for the little 

finger. 
Cronaching, ppl. gossiping, tattling. 
Crone, v. to use many words in a wheedling 

way ; to sing softly ; to make a monotonous 

sound. Cf. Croon. 
Crony, n. a potato. 
Crony-hill, n. a potato-field. 
Croo, n. satisfaction for accidental death, given 

by the person who occasioned it. Cf. Croy. 
Croo, v. to coo, as a pigeon. 
Croo, n. a hovel ; a sty ; a small yard ; a pen 

for sheep, &c. Cf. Cruive. 
Croo, v. to hide by crouching. 
Croobacks, n. panniers worn by horses in 

mountainous districts for carrying grain, 

peat, &c. 
Crood, tj. to coo, as a pigeon ; to croak, as a 

frog ; to groan, complain. 
Crood, n. curd. 



Crood 



"3 



Cross-mark 



Crood, v. to crowd. — n. a crowd. 
Crooding-doo, n. - wood-pigeon ; a term of 

endearment. 
Croodle, v. to huddle together for warmth or 
protection ; to crouch, cower, stoop down. 
• — n. a heap, a collection. 
Croodle, o. to coo like a dove ; to purr as a 

cat ; to hum a song. 
Croodling-doo, n. a wood-pigeon ; a term of 

endearment. 

Crook, v. to halt in walking. — n. a halt, limp. 

Crook, n. the iron hook on which a gate or 

door is hung ; the iron hook and chain on 

which pots, kettles, &c. are hung over the 

fire; the fireside; anything bent; a device ; 

a bend in a river ; a trial or cross in one's 

lot ; a mark cut out in a sheep's ear. — adj. 

twisted, awry. — v. to bend, to bow, to 

twist. 

Crookal, adj. pertaining to a 'crook,' or 

cooking-vessel. 
Crookal-band, n. the chain by which the 

' crook ' is suspended over the fire. 
Crook-and-the-links, n. pot-hooks or sus- 
penders. 
Crooked, ppl. adj. deformed, crippled ; cross, 

crabbed. 
Crooked-mouth, n. a species of flounder. 
Crooked-whittle, n. a reaping-hook. 
Crookie, ». a sixpence. Cf. Cruckie. 
Crook-liver, u. a disease of calves causing 

inflammation of the intestines. 
Crook-saddle, n. a saddle for bearing panniers 

or creels. 
Crooks and bands, n. the hinges and iron 

braces of a door. 
Crook-shell, n. a hook for suspending a pot, 

&c. , over a fire. 
Crook-studie, -tree, n. a cross-beam or iron 
bar in a chimney from which the crook 
hangs. 
Croon, v. used of cattle : to low ; to roar in 
a menacing tone like an angry bull ; to sing 
softly, hum, murmur; to make a low, 
monotonous sound ; to purr like a cat ; to 
wail, lament ; to mutter a prayer ; to sing 
a tune in a low tone ; to use many words 
in a wheedling way ; to hobnob. — «. the 
lowing of cattle ; a low murmuring sound ; 
the purr of a cat ; a mournful song, wail, 
lament. Cf. Crone. 
Croon, v. to crown ; to top, excel. — n. the 
top of anything ; a crown ; the top balk in 
supporting the roof in a coal-pit ; the head ; 
that part in deciduous vegetables from which 
new shoots spring. 
Crooner, «. the gray gurnard. 
Crooning, n. the bellowing of a bull ; a 

murmuring sound. 
Croon-piece, «. the upper of the two main 



cross-beams which tie the rafters in the 
timbering of a house-roof. 
Croop, v. to croak, speak hoarsely ; to 
whine, wheedle, flatter. — n. a croak ; 
flattery. Cf. Croup. 
Croop, n. a berry. Cf. Croup. 
Croose, adj. bold ; eager ; brisk ; conceited ; 

happy; proud. Cf. Crouse. 
Croot, n. a puny, feeble child ; the smallest 
pig of a litter ; the youngest bird of a brood. 
Croot, v. to make a croaking noise ; used of 

the intestines : to rumble. Cf. Crout. 
Crootles, ». a nickname for a small and ill- 
proportioned person. 
Crootlie, adj. short-legged in proportion to 

the body. 
Crootling, ppl. hunched up, crouching, cower- 
ing over. Cf. Croodle. 
Croove, n. a sort of basket for catching fish. 
Croovie, n. a little snug hut or den. Cf. Cruive. 
Croovie-skool, n. a small or snug cottage 

school-house. 
Croozumit, n. a puny person ; one worn with 

age ; a hermit, one living alone. 
Crop, v. to pick flowers ; to yield a crop. — 

n. the stomach. Cf. Crap. 
Crop, n. a potato-stem. 
Cropen, Croppen, ppl. crept ; contracted, 

shrunken. 
Cropped-head, n. a stuffed cod's head. Cf. 

Crappin-head. 
Cropper, n. that which yields a crop. 
Cropt, «. a crop. 

Crose, v. to whine in sympathy; to speak in 

a. whining, flattering voice ; to gossip ; to 

magnify trifles. — n. flattery, expression of 

sympathy ; a flatterer. 

Croser, n. one given to flattery. 

Crosle, v. to settle down gently, to ' croodle,' 

to nestle. 
Crospunk, n. the Molucca bean, drifted to 

the shores of some of the western islands. 
Cross, n. the obverse side of a coin bearing a 
cross ; a pile of stones on a hill-top. — v. to 
brand with the mark of the cross ; used of 
the hand of a clock : to approach a certain 
point. — adj. contrary, untoward, wrong, in- 
convenient. — adv. crossly ; untowardly. 
tCross-and-pile, n. coin, money. 
Cross-braces, n. leathern supports for the 

body of a carriage. 
Cross-brath'd, adj. braided across. 
Cross-fish, -fit, n. the star-fish. 
Cross-ful, adj. cross-tempered. 
Crossie-croon-shillin',//z>-. a coin, over which 
cows were first milked after calving, to 
protect them from the evil eye and every 
evil cantrip. 
Crosslet, n. a crucifix, small cross. 
Cross-mark, ?<. a person scarred by burning. 



Cross-nook 



114 



Cruddy-butter 



Cross-nook, v. to check, restrain ; to sit close 

into the ' neuks ' ; to make room for another 

person at the fire. 
tCross nor pile, n. no money whatever. 
Cross-roupin', «. a sale by auction at the 

public cross. 
Cross-skeppaek, «. the game of 'cross-tig.' 

Cf. Skeppack. 
Cross-speir, v. to cross-examine. 
Cross-stick-war, n. cudgelling. 
Cross-tig, n. a variety of the game of ' tig.' 
Crotal, Crottle, n. a lichen, 'cudbear,' used 

for dyeing reddish-brown. 
Crotal-eoat, n. a coat of the colour of 

' crotal ' ; a term of contempt. 
Crottle, n. a crumb, fragment of any hard 

body. Cf. Crutllins. 
Crottlie, adj. covered with lichen. 
Crouchie, adj. humped, having a hunch on 

the back. — n. a hunchback. 
Croud, v. to coo ; to croak ; to groan, com- 
plain. Cf. Crood. 
Croude, n. a fiddle. 

Croudle, v. to coo like a dove. Cf. Croodle. 
Crouds, n. curds. Cf. Crud. 
Croun, n. crown ; head. — v. to crown. 
Croun, v. to sing softly ; to make a monoton- 
ous sound ; to bellow like an angry bull. — 

n. a low, monotone. Cf. Croon. 
Croup, v. to croak as a raven, frog, &c. ; to 

speak hoarsely ; of the bowels : to rumble 

from flatulence ; to speak in - whining or 

wheedling way, to flatter. — n. a croak ; 

flattery. 
Croup, n. a berry. 
Croup, v. to stoop, bend, crouch. — n. the 

slope of a hill. 
Croupie, Croupie-craw, ». the raven. 
Croupy, adj. hoarse. 
Crouse, adj. brisk, lively, cheerful ; bold, 

keen ; conceited, elated ; cosy, comfortable. 

— adv. briskly, proudly, conceitedly. 
Crousely, Crously, adv. proudly, confidently, 

boldly ; briskly, merrily, eagerly. 
Crouseness, n. boldness, forwardness, conceit, 

apparent courage. 
Crousie, adv. briskly, merrily, eagerly. 
Crousy, adj. brisk, ' crouse. ' 
Crout, v. to croak, make a hoarse noise ; to 

coo ; used of the bowels : to rumble. 
Crow, v. to boast. Cf. Craw. 
Crowder, n. a constant attendant ; a diligent 

frequenter. 
Crowdie, n. thick gruel. Cf. Crowdy. 
Crowdle, v. to crawl as a crab. 
Crowdie, v. to huddle together ; to stoop 

over, crouch. — n. a heap, a collection. Cf. 

Croodle. 
Crowdie, v. to coo ; to purr ; to hum a song. 

Cf. Croodle. 



Crowdy, «. meal and cold water, forming a 

gruel ; porridge ; a mixture of pure curd 

with butter ; food in general. 
Crowdy-butter, n. a mixture of curds and 

butter. Cf. Cruddy-butter. 
Crowdy - meal, n. milk and meal boiled 

together ; milk -porridge. 
Crowdy-mowdy, n. milk-porridge. 
Crowdy-time, n. meal-time. 
Crowl, n. a dwarf; a stunted, deformed person 

or child. 
Crowl, v. to crawl, creep. 
Crowly, adj. lame ; crawling in walk. 
Crown, n. the head. Cf. Croon. 
Crownary, Crownry, n. the office of crowner.' 
Crowner, n. the gray gurnard. Cf. Crooner. 
Crowner, n. a commander of troops raised in 

a county ; an officer of a 'justice-air.' 
Crownfull, n. a certain quality of herrings. 
Crowp, v. to croak; to flatter. — ». flattery; 

a croak. 
Croy, », compensation made by workmen in 

some factories for the shortcomings of any 

of their number. 
Croy, n. a semicircular pen on a beach, for 

catching fish ; a mound or quay projecting 

into a river to break the force of the stream. 
Croyd, n. yellow clover. 
Croydie, adj. covered with clover. 
Croyl, «. a dwarf. Cf. Crawl. 
Croyn, v. to shrink in ; to shrivel. Cf. Crine. 
Croze, v. to whine in sympathy ; to gossip ; to 

magnify trifles ; to flatter ; used of an infant : 

to crow. — n. flattery ; a flatterer. Cf. Crose. 
Crozie, adj. fawning, wheedling. 
Crub, n. a crib for cattle. — v. to curb, restrain, 

confine. 
Crub, n. the curb of a bridle. 
Cruban, n. a disease of cows produced by 

hard grass, scarcity of pasture, and severe 

sucking of their calves. 
Cruban, n. a term of contempt for a tippler. 
Cruban, «. a wooden pannier for a horse's 

back. 
Crubbin', n. a snub. 
Crubbit, ppl. adj. cribbed, pinched for room, 

confined. 
Crabs, n. the framework within which a mill- 
stone revolves. 
Cruchlin, n. a dry, husky cough. Cf. Croighle. 
Crack, v. to lame. Cf. Crook. 
Cruck, «. a crook ; a hook and chain for 

hanging pots over a fire. Cf. Crook. 
Cruckie, «. a crooked sixpence, a sixpence. 
Crud, n. curd. 
Cruddle, Cradle, v. to coagulate, curdle, 

congeal. 
Cruddy, adj. curdled ; containing curds. 
Cruddy-butter, n. a preparation of butter and 

cheese, of each a half. Cf. Crowdy-butter, 



Crue 



"5 



Cryin' 



Crue, n. a sheep-pen, a small fold ; a. hovel. 

Cf. Croo, Cruive. 
Crue-herring, n. the shad. 
tCruels, n. scrofula; 'king's evil.' 
Cruet, n. a water-bottle ; a small decanter. 
Cruety, adj. vinegarish, sour-tempered. 
Crufe, n. a pen for cattle. Cf. Cruive. 
Cruggles, n. a disease of young cattle, causing 

convulsive movements of the limbs. Cf. 

Crochle. 
Cruick, Cruik, v. to bend. Cf. Crook. 
Cruik-studie, n. an anvil with projecting 

' horn ' for bending horseshoes. 
Cruise, Cruisie, n. an old-fashioned oil-lamp 

used with a rush wick. Cf. Crusie. 
Cruiskeu, n. a measure of whisky. 
Cruit, n. the smallest of a litter. Cf. Croot. 
Cruive, n. a. pen for live-stock ; a pig-sty ; a 

cabin, hovel ; a cottage-garden ; an appa- 
ratus and method of catching salmon in 

a river or sea-beach. — v. to shut up in a 

' cruive' ; to shut up. 
Cruizey, Cruizie, Cruizy, n. an oil-lamp for 

rushlights, with handles for hanging. Cf. 

Crusie. 
Cruke, v. to lame. Cf. Crook. 
Cruke, n. the winding of a river, the space 

enclosed on one side by the windings of a 

river. Cf. Crook. 
Crulge, n. a. confused coalition, conjunction, 

or heap. — v. to contract, draw together, 

crouch. 
Crull, v. to contract, draw one's self together ; 

to stoop, cower. — n. a confused heap. 
Cruizie, v. to crouch, cower. 
Cram, n. a crumb ; a small portion of any- 
thing, as paper. 
Crumby, n. a ' crummie,' a cow with crooked 

horns. 
Crumch, n. a small piece. Cf. Crinch. 
Crumchick, n. a very small piece. 
Crumchickie, n. a very, very small piece. 
Crumle, v. to crumble. — n. a crumb, a broken 

piece ; in pi. broken meats. 
Crumlick, n. a very small piece, a crumb. 
Crumlickie, n. an extremely small piece. 
Crummet, adj. with crooked horns. 
Crummie, n. a cow with crooked horns ; a 

name for a cow. 
Crummie's-punch, n. 'crombie's punch '; grog, 

half-water, half-whisky. 
Crummie-staff, -stick, «. a staff with crooked 

handle, used by boys herding cattle. 
Crummilt, ppl. adj. crooked, crumpled ; bent 

spirally, twisted. 
Crummock, n. a short staff with crooked head; 

a name for a cow. 
Crummock, Crumock, n. the plant skirret. 
Crummy, n. a crumb, a very small portion, a 

particle. 



Crump, v. to smack, knock. — n. a smart blow. 

Crump, adj. crisp, brittle ; crumbling ; friable. 
— v. to crunch with the teeth anything hard 
or brittle ; to emit a crackling sound, like 
ice or snow when trodden on ; to boast 
noisily, brag. 

Crumpie, n. a crisp oatcake. — adj. of bread: 
hard, brittle, crisp. 

Crumping,///, adj. crackling, noisy. 

Crunch, n. a small piece resulting from 
'crunching.' Cf. Crinch. 

Crune, v. to emit a murmuring sound or a 
menacing sound, as an angry bull. — n. a 
low murmuring sound. Cf. Croon. 

Cruner, n. the gray gurnard. Cf. Crooner. 

Crunkle, v. to crease, rumple ; to shrivel, 
contract ; to wrinkle with cold. — n. a crease, 
wrinkle ; a crackle as of crumpling paper. 

Crunkly, adj. shrivelled, shrunken ; rough, as 
with frost or ice ; rough of character. 

Crunt, «. a blow with a cudgel ; a smart 
blow on the head. — v. to strike the head 
with a weapon. 

Cruppen,///. crept. 

Cruppen thegether, phr. used of one bowed 
by age or shrunken with cold. 

Cruppocks, n. crisp oatcakes. 

Cruse, adj. brisk ; lively. Cf. Crouse. 

Crushie, n. a. familiar name for a shepherd's 
dog ; a collie. 

Crusie, Crusy, Cruzy, n. a small, old-fashioned 
open lamp, in which the pith of rushes was 
burned with animal oil ; a triangular iron 
candlestick, with one or more sockets to 
hold candles ; a crucible or hollow piece of 
iron for melting metals. 

Crusie-gabbit, adj. used of a dog : having a 
mouth like a ' crusie,' sharp-pointed. 

Crusil, v. to contract the body in sitting. 

Crut, n. a short person. 

Crutch, n. the pommel of a lady's saddle. 

Crutch-phrase, it. a phrase like ' as it were,' 
or 'so to say,' which gives a speaker time 
to think what comes next. 

Crute, n. a decrepit person. Cf. Croot. 

Crutlachin, ppl. conversing in a silly, tattling 
way. 

Cruttlins, n. the refuse of soft food. 

Cruve, n. a pen for cattle ; a pig-sty ; a hovel. 
Cf. Cruive. 

Cry, 71. a call, summons, shout ; a musical 
sound ; in pi. the proclamation of banns of 
marriage. — v. to call; to summons; to pro- 
claim, publish in the streets ; to publish 
banns of marriage ; used of a woman : to 
cry in travail ; to speak, talk, make a sound. 

Cry doon, phr. to depreciate, decry. 

Cry in, phr. to invite to enter ; to make a 
passing call. 

Cryin', n. proclamation of banns ; a woman's 



Cryin'-bannock 



116 



Cudiegh 



confinement ; a feast given to neighbours 

shortly after a woman's confinement. 
Cryin'-bannock, n. a special cake eaten at the 

feast held on the birth of a child. 
Cryin'-cheese, -kebbuck, ». cheese given to 

neighbours and visitors on the occasion of 

the birth of a child. 
Cryin'-fever, n. a raving, raging fever. 
Cryin'-out, n. an outcry; misfortune, calamity. 
Cryin'-pipes, n. little straw-pipes through 

which children make a noise. 
Cryin'-siller, n. the fee paid for proclamation 

of banns. 
Cryin'-wife, n. a woman in travail. 
Cryle, n. a dwarf; a deformed person. Cf. 

Crile. 
Cryne.w. to shrink in ; to shrivel up. Cf. Crine. 
Cryste, n. a diminutive, talkative person. 
Cubb, n. a droll fellow. 
Cubbag, n. a small hand-basket, made of 

leather, and narrow at the bottom. 
Cubbirt, n. a cupboard. 
Cubby-hole, n. a dog-hutch. 
tCubicular, n. a page of the bedchamber. 
Cuckie, n. a small, plain bun, a bath-bun. 

Cf. Cookie. 
Clicking, n. the sound made by the cuckoo. 
Cuckold, n. mphr. ' cuckold's-cut,' -' slice,' the 

first or uppermost slice of a loaf of bread. 
Cuckold-carlie, n. an old cuckold. 
Cuckoo, v. to harp on a subject, say the same 

thing over and over again. 
Cuckoo's-meat, Cuckoo-sorrel, n. the wood- 
sorrel. 
Cuckoo's -spittens, -spittle, n. a froth dis- 
charged by the young frog-hoppers or frog- 
flies. 
Cuck-stule, n. the cucking-stool ; a pillory. 
Cucuddy, n. a children's game in which they 

sit on their hams and hop round. Cf. Cur- 

cuddie. 
Cud, v. to chew the cud. 
Cud, n. a tub ; a wooden chamber-pot. Cf. 

Queed. 
Cud, n. a cudgel. — v. to cudgel. 
Cud, n. an ass ; an inferior. 
Cud, 11. an untruthful young man. 
Cud, v. pret. could. 

Cuddeigh, n. a bribe ; a present. Cf. Cudeigh. 
Cuddem, v. to tame, subdue. — adj. tame. 

Cf. Cuddum. 
Cudden, ». the young of the coal-fish. Cf. 

Cuddin. 
Cudderie, adj. chilly ; susceptible to cold. 

Cf. Cutherie. 
Cuddie, n. a 'cudden.' 
Cuddie, n. a small basket made of straw. 
Cuddie, ». a street-gutter ; a conduit ; an 

overflow connection between a canal and 

a river ; a ' cundy. ' 



Cuddie, n. a children's game, in which they 
sit on their hams and hop round. Cf. Cur- 
cuddie. 

Cuddin, n. the coal-fish from a year old till 
full-grown. 

Cudding, n. the char. 

Cuddle, v. to nestle for warmth or shelter ; 
to sleep, lie down to sleep ; to crouch, to 
sit over ; to approach a person flatteringly ; 
used of Jovers : to talk in soft tones, fondle ; 
to coax, entice ; of marbles : to get the 
' pitcher ' to lie as near the ' ring ' as 
possible. — n. a very close intimacy; con- 
versation in low or soft tones. 

Cuddle-muddlin, Cuddle-muddle, n. a low, 
muttered conversation. 

Cuddler, n. a bedfellow ; a nestling ; a fondling. 

Cuddlie, n. whispering among a number of 
people. 

Cuddlin, n. close intimacy ; whispered con- 
versation. 

Cuddly, n. a nursery word for bed. 

Cuddoch, Cuddock, n. a young cow, heifer. 
Cf. Cuttoch. 

Cuddom, v. to accustom ; to tame. — n. a 
custom. Cf. Cuddum. 

Cud-doos, n. eider - ducks, ' St Cuthbert's 
pigeons.' 

Cuddum, n. substance ; the largest share. 

Cuddum, v. to tame; to domesticate. — adj. 
tame, broken-in. 

Cuddumin'-siller, n, money given to a shep- 
herd for special attention to a beast newly 
joined to his herd or drove. 

Cuddy, n. a simpleton ; a stupid or half-witted 
person. 

Cuddy-and-the-powks, n. a boys' game. 

Cuddy-block, n. a blockhead. 

Cuddy-cairt, n. a donkey-cart. 

Cuddy-door, n. the opening in the gable of a 
' byre ' for carrying out the dung. 

Cuddy-heel, n. an iron heel on a boot. 

Cuddy-loup, n. a boys' game. 

Cuddy-rung, n. a cudgel. 

Cuddy-wanter, n. one on the outlook for a 
donkey. 

Cude, n. the cud. 

Cude, adj. harebrained ; appearing deranged 
or greatly alarmed. Cf. Keude. 

Cude, n. a small tub. Cf. Cootie. 

Cude, n. a face-cloth for a child at baptism. 

Cudeigh, Cudeich, n. a bribe ; a clandestine 
gift ; a present in addition to wages. Cf. 
Cuddeigh. 

Cudger, Cudgie, //. a blow given by one boy 
to another as a challenge to fight. Cf. 
Coucher's blow. 

Cudie, n. a small tub. Cf. Cootie. 

Cudiegh, n. u bribe, present, bonus. Cf. 
Cudeigh, 



Cudroch-chiel 



117 



Cummerlyke 



Cudroch-chiel, ». a timid, worthless youth. 
Cudum, re. substance ; the largest share. Cf. 

Cuddum. 
Cudyuch, re. an ass ; a sorry animal. 
Cue, v, to fuddle. 
Cue, re. humour, temper. 
Cuer, n. one who intoxicates others. 
Cufe, re. a simpleton. Cf. Coof. 
Cuff, n. the scruff of the neck ; the nape. 
Cuff, n. an old man ; contemptuous term for 

one. 
Cuff, v. to winnow corn, &c, for the first time. 
Cuffet, re. a blow, buffet ; in pi. a boys' game. 
Cuffie, adj. chubby. 
Cuffin-riddle, re. the riddle used in the first 

winnowing of cereals. 
Cuffock, re. a mode of winding up a worsted 

clew. 
Cufie, Cuffie, v. to surpass, outstrip. — re. the 

act by which one is surpassed. 
Cugg, v. to prop up. Cf. Cog. 
Cuggly, adj. unsteady, shaky. 
Cuid, re. a child's face-cloth at baptism. Cf. 

Cude. 
Cuide, adj. harebrained. Cf. Cude. 
Cuif, re. a simpleton, fool. Cf. Coof. 
Cuil, adj. cool. — v. to cool. 
Cuilzie, v. to befool. Cf. Culyie. 
Cuinyie, Cuinzie, re. a coin ; a mint-house. — 

v. to coin. Cf. Cunzie. 
Cuinyie-hoose, re. the mint-house. 
tCuirie, re. a stable, mews. 
+Cuisse-madame, re. the French jargonelle. 

Cf. Queez-maddam. 
Cuisser, re. a stallion. Cf. Cooser. 
Cuist, v. pre/, and ppl. cast. 
Cuist, re. condition. Cf. Coost. 
Cuiaten, ppl. cast. 
Cuit, re. an ankle. Cf. Coot. 
Cuit, v. to play at curling. Cf. Cute. 
Cuitchen, ppl. caught. 
Cuiter, v. to talk in a low and confidential 

tone ; to fondle ; to coax, wheedle ; to 

cocker, fuss over ; to manage one adroitly ; 

to set on one's feet ; to restore to health ; to 

patch, mend, put to rights. 
Cuiterer, re. a coaxer, flatterer. 
Cuitie-boyn, re. a small tub for washing the 

feet, and holding as much water as will 

cover the ' cuits ' or ankles. 
Cuitikins, re. gaiters ; leggings. 
Cuiting, re. a covering, coverlet. 
Cuitle, Cuittle, v. to wheedle, coax, flatter, 

to fuss over ; to tickle ; to flirt ; with in 

with, to gain friendship or affection ; with 

up, to wheedle successfully. — adj. difficult, 

ticklish, ' kittle.' 
Cuitling, re. a flatterer, wheedler. 
Cuittie, re. bowl of liquor ; a measure of beer 

or spirits. 



Cule, v. to cool. — adj. cool. 

Cule-an'-sup, re. a state of poverty. 

+Cules, re. the buttocks. 

Cule-the-lume, re. a person very indolent at 

his work. 
Culf, v. to ram, stuff. Cf. Coif. 
Cull, re. a fool, dupe, stupid fellow. 
Cull, re. a lump of hard food. 
tCullage, re. the distinctive marks of sex. 
Culliebuction, re. a noisy squabble without 

mischief. Cf. Colliebuction. 
Cullion, re. a poltroon ; a base fellow ; a 

person of disagreeable temper and manners. 
Cullionly, adv. rascally. 
Cullionry, re. cowardice, roguery. 
Cullishangy, re. a squabble, quarrel, broil. 

Cf. Collysharigy. 
■tCulls, re. the testicles of the ram. 
Cully, v. to make a fool of ; to cheat ; to entice 

by flattery. — n. a flatterer. Cf. Culyie. 
Cullyeon, re. a poltroon. Cf. Cullion. 
Cully-haikie, re. the lifting and carrying of a 

tired child. Cf. Curry-haikie. 
Culm, re. the slack of anthracite coal used in 

lime - burning ; coal-dust; peat -dust. Cf. 

Coom. 
Culrach, 11. surety, security. 
Culravage, «. a disorderly mob. Cf. Giliavage. 
Culroun, n. a scamp, rascal. 
Culsh, n. a big, disagreeable person. 
Cultie, re. a young colt ; a nimble-footed 

animal ; in pi. the feet. 
Culyeon, n. a poltroon, a base fellow. Cf. 

Cullion. 
Culyie, Culye, Culzie, v. to befool, dupe. — 

n. a flatterer ; flattery. 
Cum, v. to come. 
Cum, n. a crook, bend, curve. 
Cum, Cumb, n. a tub ; a cistern ; a large ladle 

for bailing out a boat. 
Cumallee, «. the king's signal in the game of 

' king of Cantilene. ' 
Cumber, «. encumbrance, inconvenience. Cf. 

Cummer. 
Cumbered, ppl. adj. used of the hands : be- 
numbed, stiff with cold. 
Cumbluff, adj. stupefied, 'bumbazed.' 
Cumlin, n. an animal that comes and attaches 

itself voluntarily to " person or place. Cf. 

Comeling. 
Cummer, v. to cumber. — n. cumbrance ; an 

encumbrance. 
tCummer, n. a gossip, godmother ; a mid- 
wife ; a girl, young woman ; a contemptu- 
ous designation for a woman, old or young ; 

a supposed witch. — v. to meet for a 

gossip. 
Cummer-fialls, n. an entertainment formerly 

given on recovery from childbirth. 
Cummerlyke, adj. like ' cummers ' or gossips. 



Cummer-room 



118 



Curly-plant 



Cummer-room, v. to appear as an intruder. — 

n. an encumbrance. 
Cummer-skolls, n. entertainment given to 

visitors on occasion of a child's birth, 
dimming, n. a vessel for holding wort. Cf. 

Cum. 
Cummock, n. the rest-harrow. 
Cummock, n. a short staff with curved head. 

Cf. Cammock. 
Cummudge, adj. snug, cosy, comfortable. Cf. 

Curmud. 
Cum-out-awa', n. a swindler. 
Cumplouter, v. to agree. — n. mixture. Cf. 

Complouther. 
Cumsiled, ppl. adj. used of small houses : 

ceiled with wood, partly on the rafters and 

collars. Cf. Coom-ceiled. 
Cumstroun, adj. dangerous. 
Cun, v. to learn, to know ; to taste, to test by 

tasting. 
Cun, o. in pkr. 'to cun thanks,' to give 

thanks ; to feel grateful. Cf. Con. 
■f-Cundy, «. a covered drain ; a concealed hole, 

an apartment ; the hole covered by a grating 

for receiving dirty water for the common 

sewer ; a small drain crossing a roadway. 
Cundy-hole, n. a conduit, as one across a road. 
Cungle, n. a rumpus, quarrel. 
Cuningar, n. a rabbit-warren. 
Cunjert, ppl. overawed, subdued to obedience, 

&c. Cf. Counger. 
Cunnach, n. the ' pip ' in fowls. Cf. Cannach. 
dinner, v. to scold. — n. a scolding, reproof. 
Cunniack, n. a chamber-pot. 
Cunning, adj. skilful, expert ; difficult to find. 
Cunster, n. a taster, who tested officially the 

quality of liquor sold in a burgh. 
Cuutack, n. the fish father-lasher. 
tCunyie, Cunzie, n. a corner ; coign. 
Cunyie-mirk, n. a very snug situation. 
tCunzie, Cunyie, n. money, coin. — v. to coin, 

to mint. 
Cup, n. a small thick biscuit, slightly hollow 

in the middle ; a kind of fishing-net or trap. 
Cupar, k. in phr. ' he that will to Cupar maun 

to Cupar,' a wilful man must have his way. 
Cupar-justice, n. judgment after execution ; 

' Jeddart justice.' 
Cuplina, n. the length between the tops of the 

shoulder-blades and the tops of the hip- 
joints. 
Cup-moss, n. a name given to the lichen 

tarlareus. 
Cupper, n. a toper, tippler. 
Cuppil, Cupple, n. a rafter. Cf. Couple. 
Cupplin, n. the lower part of the backbone. 
Curach, n. a skiff. Cf. Currach. 
Curbawdy, n. active courtship. 
Curcb, n. a woman's cap or head-dress ; a 

kerchief. Cf. Curshe. 



Curch, v. to bend, to curtsy. 

Curchie, n. a curtsy. — v. to curtsy. 

Cureuddie, Curcuddock, n. a children's game 
in which they sit on their houghs and hop 
round. 

Curcuddock, Curcuddoch, Curcudyueh, Cur- 
coddoch, adj. sitting close together in a 
friendly manner ; cordial, intimate, kindly, 
fond. — v. to whisper or talk intimately to- 
gether ; to sit closely and cosily together. 

Curdie, «. a small bit of curd. 

Curdoo, Curdow, n. the cooing sound of 
pigeons. — v. to make love. 

Curdow, v. to patch, mend, sew clumsily. 

Curdower, n. one who works at any trade 
within a burgh of which he is not a free- 
man ; a tailor or sempstress who goes from 
house to house to mend old clothes. 

Curdy-butter, n. curds broken up and mixed 
with butter. Cf. Cruddy-butter. 

Cureckity coo, v. to coo ; to make love to. 

•|-Curfuffle, v. to rumple, ruffle, dishevel, dis- 
compose. — n. a ruffling, tremor, fuss, agita- 
tion, dishevelment. Cf. CarfufHe. 

Curfumish, v . to give out a bad smell. Cf. 
Carfumish. 

tCurgellit, ppl. shocked by seeing or hearing 
anything horrible. 

tCurglaff, Curgloff, n. the shock felt in bath- 
ing at the first plunge into cold water. 

tCurgloft, ppl. adj. panic-stricken. 

Curhung, n. a slide on ice on one's ' hunkers. ' 

Curious, adj. careful, particular ; anxious, 
eager ; fond. 

Curiously, adv. carefully. 

Curjute, v. to overwhelm, overthrow ; to 
overcome with strong drink. 

Curkling, n. the sound emitted by the quail. 

Curl-doddy, n. the cone of a pine- or fir- 
tree ; curled cabbage ; natural clover ; rib- 
grass. 

Curled-mill, n. a snuff-box made of the tip of 
a horn. 

Curlie-doddie, n. blue scabious ; the daisy ; a 
kind of sugar-plum. 

Curlie-fuffs, n. false hair worn by women to 
make up deficiencies. 

Curlies, n. curled colewort ; 'curly kale.' 

Curlie-wurlie, n. a fantastic figure or orna- 
ment on stone, &c. 

Curlippie, v. to steal slyly. 

Curluns, n. the earth-nut, pig-nut. 

Curly, n. a curly head ; a curly-headed boy. 

Curly-andrew, n. sugared coriander seed. 

Curly-head-a-craw, adv. topsy-turvy. 

Curly-kale, «. curled colewort, 'curlies.' 

Curly-muxchy, n. the female nymphs, &c. 

Curly-murchy, adj. churlish and ungrateful. 

Curly-murly-nightcap, n. the monkshood. 

Curly-plant, n. ' curled kale.' 



Curmow 



119 



CusMan 



Curmow, n. an accompaniment, a ' convoy ' in 

a walk, escort. 
Curmud, adj. cordial, intimate, neighbourly; 

snug, comfortable. — v. to sit close, to be very 

intimate. 
Curmudge, n. a mean fellow, a curmudgeon. 
Curmudgeous, adj. mean, niggardly. 
Curmudlie, n. close contact, pressure. Cf. 

Curmud. 
Curmur, n. the purring of a cat. 
Curmurrin, n. a low, rumbling sound, a 

murmuring ; a source of grumbling. 
Cum, n. a grain or particle of corn ; a quantity 

of indefinite size or number ; a party, band, 

assembly; a small price. — adv. in small 

pieces. 
Cum, n. a handmill. — v. to grind. Cf. Quern. 
Curnab, v. to pilfer, seize. 
Curnaptious, adj. cross, ready to take offence, 

irritable. Cf. Carnaptious. 
Curnawin', n.j the sensation of hunger. 
Curney, n. a small quantity of anything. Cf. 

Curnie. 
Curnie, adj. full of grains ; knotted, candied. 
Curnie, «. nursery term for the little finger. 
Curnie, n. a small quantity. 
Curnie-wurnie, «. the little finger, a nursery 

term. 
Cumoitted, adj. peevish. 
Curpal, Curple, n. a crupper. 
Curpin, curpan, curpen, curpon, n. a 

crupper ; the back ; the backbone ; the 

buttocks ; the rump of a fowl. 
Curr, v. to coo ; to purr.— n. a whisper ; a 

rumour. 
Curr, v. to cower, crouch ; to squat. 
Curr, v. to move a thing by touching it 

slightly with anything pointed ; with at, 

to attempt such a movement. — n. such a 

touch. 
Currach, Currack, n. a wickerwork pannier ; 

a small cart made of twigs. 
Currach, n. a small boat or skiff. 
Currack, n. a sea-tangle. 
Currack, n. a person of stubborn temper. 
Currag, n. the forefinger. 
Curragh, n. a small boat. Cf. Currach. 
Curran, «. a small quantity. Cf. Cum. 
Curran, n. a currant. 
Curran-petris, n. the wild carrot. 
Currant-bun, n. a. large Christmas bun, con- 
sisting mainly of dried fruits and spices, a 

'sweetie-loaf.' 
Currbawty, n. the art of seeking a quarrel. 
Current, n. every single peck, as multure for 

so many ground at a mill, so that the '17th 

current' is every 17th peck. 
Curriched, adj. made of wickerwork ; covered 

with hides. Cf. Currach. 
Currie, n. a small stool. 



Currie, n. a deep pool or recess in a river, 
where fishes hide. 

Currieboram, n. a crowd of living creatures. 

Curriebuction, Currybuckshon, n. a con- 
fused gathering which is quarrelsome or 
dangerous. 

Curriebushel, n. a confused crowd of people. 

Curriehunkers, n. the hams, the hams in a 
crouching posture. 

Curriemudge, Curriemudgel, v. to beat good- 
naturedly. 

Curriemushel, n. a confused crowd of people. 

Currie-wirrie, -wurrie, ». a violent dispute. 
— adv. violently disputing.— v. to dispute 
violently. 

Currie-wurriein', n. a prolonged violent dis- 
pute. — adv. peevish, fretful. 

Currit, v. used of a vehicle : to run smoothly. 

Currivell, u. to squabble noisily. — «. a noisy 
squabble. 

Curroch, n. a wickerwork pannier. 

Currock, n. a skiff. Cf. Currach. 

Currock-cross't, adj. bound to a ' currach. ' 

Curroo, v. to coo. 

Currough, n. a boat, a skiff. Cf. Currach. 

Currough, n. a cairn, a heap of stones. 

Currove, v. to coo. 

Curry-haikie, n. the lifting and carrying of a 
tired child. 

Curry-shang, n. a broil, an uproar. 

Cursackie, n. a long, coarse smock worn by 
workmen over their clothes. 

Cursaddle, n. the small saddle on a carriage- 
horse. Cf. Carsaddle. 

Curse, n. in phr. ' the curse o' Scotland,' the 
nine of diamonds in a pack of cards. 

Curseese, v. to catechize, scold, reprove. Cf. 
Carseese. 

Curshe, n. a kerchief. Cf. Curch. 

Cursour, n. a stallion. Cf. Cuisser. 

Curst, ppl. adj. ill-tempered. 

Curstness, n. crabbedness, ill-temper. 

Curtle, n. a sluttish girl. 

Curtoush, n. a woman's 'short-gown.' Cf. 
Cartouch. 

Curtsey, n. a woman's cap, ' curch. ' 

Curtshy, v. to curtsy. 

Curunddoch, n. a dance-play among children. 
Cf. Curcuddie. 

Curwurring, «■ a- rumbling, murmuring. Cf. 
Curmurring. 

Cush, int. an excl. of surprise. 

Cushat, Cushet, Cushat-doo, n. the wood- 
pigeon ; the wild pigeon ; the stock-dove. 

Cushie, Cushie-bonnie, int. a milkmaid's call 
to a cow. 

Cushie, Cushey, Cushie-, Cushey-doo, Cushy, 
n. a 'cushat.' 

Cushineel, n. cochineal. 

Cushlan, n. a gentle sliding down. 



Cushle i 

Cushle, v. to slide down gently. — n. a gentle 
sliding down. 

Cushle-inushle, n. a hubbub, confused mutter- 
ing and movement. 

Cussels, n. the viviparous blenny. 

Cusser, n. a stallion. Cf. Cooser. 

Cussit, n. a small chest. 

Custen, ppl. cast. 

Custoc, Custock, n. the stem of a cabbage, &c. 
Cf. Castock. 

Customary-weaver, n. one who weaves for 
private customers. 

Customer, n. the lessee of burgh customs and 
dues. 

Customer-wark, n. weaving or work done for 
private customers. 

Custril, n. a sort of fool or silly fellow. 

Custroune, «. a vagabond, cad. — adj. caddish ; 
low-born. 

Cut, v. to castrate ; to spay ; to thrash with 
a whip. — n. a blow with a whip ; appe- 
tite ; grass, hay, or corn to be reaped ; 
an artificial watercourse ; an excavation 
or cutting ; a piece of cloth of varying 
length, cut from the warp ; a measure 
of yarn, the 12th of a hank ; temper, 
mood. 

Cut, n. a lot. — v. to decide by lot. 

Cut, w. to run quickly, hasten away. 

Cutehaok, n. the clearest part of a fire. Cf. 
Coutchack. 

Cutcher, n. a coward. Cf. Coucher. 

Cutchie, n. kitchen. 

Cutchin, adj. cowardly, knocking under.— n. 
a coward. 

Cute, v. to play at curling. Cf. Cuit. 

Cute, n. the ankle ; the foot. Cf. Coot. 

Cutekins, n. gaiters. Cf. Cuitildns. 

Cuter, v. to cocker ; to fondle, coax ; to 
mend, patch ; to talk confidentially in a 
low tone, whisper. Cf. Cuiter. 

Cuterer, n. a flatterer. 

Cut-fingered, adj. used of gloves : with the 
fingers cut short ; abrupt, curt, giving or 
getting short answers ; leaving a company 
abruptly. 

Cuth, n. a coal-fish not fully grown. 

Cuthbert's (Saint) beads, n. portions of the 
jointed stems of fossil encrinites common in 
the mountain limestone. 

Cutherie, Guthrie, adj. chilly ; susceptible to 
cold. 

Cuthie, adj. affable. Cf. Couthie. 

Cuthil, n. corn carried to another field than 
that on which it grew. Cf. Cutle. 

Cutie-stane, n. a curling-stone. 

Cutikins, n. leggings. Cf. Cuitikins. 

Cutit, ppl. adj. having ankles. 

Cutle, v. to carry corn from one position to 
a more convenient one, from a distant to a 



o Cutty 

nearer field. — n. corn carried and set up in 
another place. Cf. Cuttle. 

Cutle, v. to coax, wheedle ; to manage 
adroitly. Cf. Cuitle. 

Cutting, «. a flatterer ; flattery. 

Cut-luggit, adj. crop - eared ; used con- 
temptuously. 

Cut-lugs, n. a crop-eared horse. 

Cut-pock, -pyock, n. the stomach of a fish or 
of a person. 

Cutt, n. a term of reproach. 

Cuttay, n. a term of reproach for a girl, a 
'cutty.' 

Cutter, n. a mowing-machine ; a reaping- 
machine. 

Cutter, 11. a small whisky - bottle. Cf. 
Coutter. 

Cutthroat, n. a kind of sweetmeat. 

Cut-throat; n. a dark-lantern, a 'bowet'; the 
name formerly given to a piece of ordnance. 

Cuttie, n. a hare. 

Cuttie, v. to eat greedily. 

Cuttie, 11. a horse or mare two years old. 

Cuttie, 11. the black guillemot ; the razor-bill. 

Cuttie, adj. cut short ; short. Cf. Cutty. 

Cuttie-boyn, n. a small tub for washing the 
feet. Cf. Cuitie-boyn. 

Cuttie-brown, n. a horse crop - eared, or, 
perhaps, docked in the tail. 

Cuttie-olap, n. a hare's form. 

Cuttie-free, adj. able to take food. 

Cuttiein, n. the act of eating greedily. 

Cuttie-rung, «. a crupper for a horse wearing 
a pack-saddle. 

Cuttie's fud, n. a hare's tail. 

Cutting-off, n. excommunication. 

Cutting-ofF-piece, n. the feast of harvest home. 

Cuttings, ». encouragement, countenance. 

Cuttit, ppl. adj. abrupt, rude, snappish ; 
offended ; laconic. 

Cuttitly, adv. abruptly ; laconically ; tartly. 

Cuttle, v. to carry reaped corn from low ground 
to higher for winnowing ; to remove corn 
from a distant field to one near the stack- 
yard ; to wait the earliest opportunity of 
securing the crop. Cf. Cutle. 

Cuttle, v. to sharpen. 

Cuttle, v. to smile or laugh in a suppressed 
way. 

Cuttoch, n. a cow between one and two 
years old. Cf. Cuddoch. 

Cuttum-rung, n. that part of the piece of 
wood (which keeps back the ' sunks ' used 
for a saddle) that goes under the horse's tail. 

Cutty, n. the wren. 

Cutty, adj. short, cut short ; diminutive ; short- 
tempered, hasty. — n. a short clay-pipe ; a 
short-handled horn spoon ; a small knife ; a 
short, stumpy girl ; a worthless woman ; 
a rompish child. — v. to sup with a spoon. 



Cutty i 

Cutty, n. a short, three-legged stool. 

Cutty, n. a small, thick cake of oatmeal, 

with a hole in the middle. 
Cutty-basket, n. a basket for holding horn 

spoons. 
Cutty-clay, n. a short clay-pipe. 
Cutty-full, n. a small measure full. 
Cutty-glies, -glier, «. a short, squat flirt. 
Cutty-gun, n. a short tobacco-pipe. 
Cutty-hunker-dance, ». an old burlesque 

dance, performed by mendicants. 
Cutty-knife, n. a small knife. 
Cutty-mun, n. in phr. ' Cutty- mun and 

Tree -ladle,' the supposed name of an 

old tune ; used of one who swings on the 

gallows. 
Cutty-pipe, u. a short tobacco-pipe. 
Cutty-quean, n. a worthless woman. 
Cutty-queen, n. the wren. 
Cutty-sark, n. part of a woman's underlinen 

cut short ; a worthless woman. 
Cutty-spune, n. a short-handled horn spoon. 
Cutty-stool, n. a short three-legged stool ; 



i Dacker 

the ' stool of repentance,' on which offenders 

formerly sat in church. 
Cutty-atoup, n. a small drinking-vessel ; a 

quartern measure. 
Cutty-wren, n. the wren. 
Cutwiddie, Cutwuddie, n. the bar of a plough 

or harrow to which the traces are attached. 
Cutworm, n. a white grub which destroys 

vegetables by cutting through the stem ; a 

person with destructive tendencies. 
Cuz, adj. close. — adv. closely. 
Cwaw, phr. come away ! 
tCyclops, it. a name given to a tawse, from 

its having a large hole or ' eye ' in its head. 
Cyle, n. a. beam, rafter. Cf. Sile. 
tCymar, n. a shroud. Cf. Seymar. 
Cypher-man, n. a diminutive man ; a person 

good for little ; a loafer ; a lazy, drunken 

rascal ; a ' cypher. ' Cf. Seefer. 
Cyprus-cat, n. a cat of three colours, black, 

brown, and white. 
Cythe, v. to make known ; to become known. 

— n. appearance. Cf. Kythe. 



Da, n. a child's name for father. 

Da, Daa, ». a sluggard ; a slovenly woman, 
drab. Cf. Daw. 

Daach, n. a measure of land. Cf. Daugh, 
Davoch. 

Daachter, n. a daughter. 

Daad, v. to strike. Cf. Dad. 

Daak, v. to doze for a short time ; of bad 
weather : to abate for a short time. — n. a 
lull in bad weather. 

Daaken, v. to dawn. Cf. Dawken. 

Daakenin, n. the dawn, the early dawn. 

Daar, adj. dear. 

Daart, v. to raise the price of anything. Cf. 
Dearth. 

Daat, v. to pet, caress, fondle. — n. » darling. 
Cf. Daut. 

Daatie, n. a little darling. Cf. Dautie. 

Dab, v. to give a slight stroke ; to strike with 
a sharp or pointed weapon ; to prick ; to 
peck like a bird ; to press or put smartly 
down ; to dip into. — n. a blow or slap ; a 
thrust, poke, peck ; a small quantity of any- 
thing. — adv. with force, violently, sharply. 

Dab, v. in phr. 'let dab,' to hint, give sign, 
'let on.' 

Dab, v. to daub. 

Dab, n. an expert, an adept. 

Dabach, v. to thrust, prod. — n. a blow, a 
thrust. — adv. sharply, with force. 

Dabach, n. an expert, an adept. 

Dabber, v. to stupefy one with rapid talk ; 
to confound ; to jar ; to wrangle. — n. a 
wrangle. 



Dabberin, n. continued wrangling. — ppl. adj. 
quarrelsome. 

Dabbies, n. in phr. 'holy dabbies,' cakes of 
shortbread, formerly used in Galloway in- 
stead of plain bread at the Lord's Supper ; 
a sort of cake baked with butter, called 
'petticoat- tails.' 

Dabbin, n. the act of pecking, pricking, push- 
ing, or pressing. 

Dabble, v. to trifle. — n. a slight washing. 

Dabble, v. to chew. 

Dabble, v. to wrangle ; to stupefy with talk. 

Dabble-dock, n. the last candle made at a 
dipping ; a person with wet, dripping 
clothes. 

Daberlick, Daberlack, n. a long seaweed, 
' bladderlock ' ; any wet strap of cloth or 
leather ; the hair of the head, hanging in 
long, lank, tangled locks ; a long, lanky 
person ; used contemptuously. 

Dablet, n. an imp, a little devil. 

Dabster, n. a proficient, an expert. 

Daccle, v. to hesitate ; to slacken pace. Cf. 
Dackle. 

Dacent, adj. decent. Cf. Decent. 

Dachan, n. a puny, dwarfish creature. 

Dacker, v. to saunter idly, stroll leisurely, jog ; 
to go- about in feeble health ; continue on, 
continue irresolutely ; to peddle, barter ; to 
dispose in an orderly way, ' lay out ' a dead 
body ; to search, examine ; to inquire after 
stolen or smuggled goods ; to wrangle, 
challenge, engage ; to trifle at work. — n. a 
stroll, a short walk ; a wrangle, struggle. — 



Dackle 



122 



Daible 



adj. used of the weather : uncertain, un- 
settled. 

Dackle, v. to hesitate, to lessen speed. — n. a 
state of suspense, hesitation ; a pause ; the 
abating of heat as a fire fades. 

Dacklie, adj. swarthy ; pale, sickly in appear- 
ance. 

Dacklin, n. a slight shower. 

Dacklin', ppl. adj. in a state of doubt ; slow, 
dilatory. 

Dacre, v. to inflict corporal punishment. 

Dad, n. a pet name for father. 

Dad, «. a large piece, a lump. Cf. Daud. 

Dad, v. to strike, thrash ; to dash, drive 
forcibly ; to bespatter ; to pelt ; to wander 
about ; to knock ; to abuse ; to fall with 
force ; with about, to dash or drive about a 
district ; with aff, to shake off ; with down, 
to fall down, knock down. — n. a dash ; a 
violent blow ; a sudden thrust with violence ; 
the clapping of hands in applause ; a heavy 
fall. 

Dad,///, adj. clashed, knocked about, 'daddit.' 

Dad a bit, phr. not a bit, devil a bit. 

Dadd, n. father. 

Daddin, n. rough usage ; knocking, striking ; 
knocking about, wandering.— ppl. adj. used 
of wind or rain : beating, driving. 

Daddins, n. a beating. 

Daddit, ppl. adj. beaten ; dashed ; knocked 
about. 

Daddle, v. to walk slowly; to work leisurely; 
to dawdle, trifle ; to walk with short, feeble, 
unsteady steps ; to draggle, bemire one's 
clothes ; to fondle a child. Cf. Daidle. 

Daddle, Daddlie, n. a pinafore, a large bib. 
Cf. Daidlie. 

Daddy Cloots, n. the devil. 

Daddy-da, n. a child's name for father. 

Dadge, n. a bannock. 

Dadgeon- weaver, -wabster, n. a linen- 
weaver; one who weaves for private cus- 
tomers. 

Dadjell, v. to stroll, saunter. 

Dadle, v. to work slowly ; to dawdle ; to 
draggle. Cf. Daddle. 

Dae, v. to do. — aux. v. do. 

Daevle, n. devil. 

Daff, v. to be foolish ; to sport ; to jest ; to 
talk nonsense ; to flirt ; to romp ; to toy 
amorously. 

Daffadile, n. a daffodil ; a silly, flashy woman ; 
an effeminate or delicate man. 

Daffer, «. merriment; one who 'daffs.' 

Daffery, n. gaiety ; sportiveness ; folly. 

Damn, n. sport ; folly ; idle waste of time in 
foolish talk ; loose talk ; dallying ; matri- 
monial intercourse. 

Daffing-green, n. a village green, where games 
are played or young people meet to ' daff.' 



Daffins, n. daffodils. 

Damns, «. the small cords by which herring- 
nets are fastened to the rope on their upper 
edge. 

Daffodil, Daffodilly, n. a silly, flashy woman ; 
an effeminate or delicate man. 

Daft, adj. mentally deranged ; delirious ; silly, 
foolish ; giddy, thoughtless ; innocently gay 
or merry ; excessively gay ; playful ; ex- 
tremely fond of and eager to obtain ; doting. 

Daft-days, n. the holidays at Christmas and 
the New Year. 

Daftish, adj. rather ' daft ' ; mentally slow ; 
stupid. 

Daft-like, adj. giddy ; foolish ; thoughtless ; 
dull-witted ; absurd ; reckless ; mad ; eccen- 
tric in appearance. 

Daftly, adv. foolishly ; merrily ; madly. 

Daftness, n. foolishness ; fatuousness ; light- 
headedness. 

Daftrie, n. gaiety, sportiveness ; folly. 

Dafty, n. a half-witted person ; a nickname 
applied to such a person, or to one who is 
' queer. ' 

Dag, n. a drizzling rain ; a heavy shower ; a 
fog, a mist. — v. to drizzle, rain gently ; to 
be foggy. 

Dag, Dagg, v. to shoot, let fly ; to stab.— n. 
a gun, a pistol. 

Dag, v. to confound, used as an imprecation. 

Dag-daw, n. the jackdaw. 

Dag-durk, n. a dirk for stabbing. 

Dage, n. a slut, trollop ; a dirty, mismanaging 
woman. 

Dagg, n. a cut of earth. 

Daggin, v. used as an expletive. Cf. Dagone. 

Daggined, ppl. ' dashed.' — adv. used as a very 
strong intensive. 

Daggle, v. to fall in torrents ; to drizzle, rain 
continuously. 

Daggle, v. to ' knock about,' dangle, trail ; to 
lounge. 

Daggler, n. a lounger ; an idler. 

Daggy, adj. drizzling, misty, rainy. 

Dagh, n. dough. Cf. Daich. 

Dag-head, -man, «. the hammer or the dog- 
head of a gun or pistol. 

Dagone, v. to confound, dash, used as an 
imprecation ; to use freely the expletive 
' dagone. ' 

Dagont, n. an expletive. — adv. used as a very 
strong intensive. Cf. Dag. 

Dahie, adj. used of weather : warm, misty, 
' muggy.' Cf. Daich. 

Dai, n. a dairymaid. Cf. Dey. 

Daible, v. to wash slightly ; to dabble ; to 
drink in a slovenly fashion. — n. a slight 
washing. Cf. Dabble. 

Daible, v. to walk like a child ; to go about 
feebly. 



Daich 



123 



Dall 



Daich, adj. soft, flabby. — n. dough ; food for 

poultry. Cf. Daigh. 
Daichy, adj. soft. Cf. Daighie. 
Daickle, v. to hesitate ; to feel reluctant. Cf. 

Dackle. 
Daiddie, n. father. 

Daidle, n. a pinafore, a bib. Cf. Daddle. 
Daidle, v. to dawdle ; to trifle ; to saunter ; 

to tipple ; to bedaub one's self in eating 

or in walking. — n. a ramble. Cf. Daddle. 
Daidler, n. a trifler. 
Daidley, adj. dawdling. 
Daidlie, n. a pinafore. 
Daidlin, ppl. adj. silly ; mean - spirited ; 

cowardly ; trifling. 
Daigh, n. dough ; anything made of dough ; 

hens' meat. 
Daighie, adj. doughy ; soft, flabby ; spiritless ; 

cowardly ; childish ; ill-dressed ; used of 

rich ground : composed of clay and sand 

properly mixed. 
Daighie, n. a simpleton. 
Daighiness, n. flabbiness ; the state of being 

' daighie. ' 
Daigle, v. to drizzle ; to rain continuously. 

Cf. Daggle. 
Daik, v. to smooth down ; to moisten, soak. 

— n. a smooth down. 
tDaiken, n. a decade. 
Daiker, v. to stroll ; to go about feebly ; to 

hesitate ; to peddle ; to search for stolen or 

smuggled goods ; to wrangle. — n. a stroll; 

a wrangle. Cf. Dacker. 
tDaiker, v. to dress, deck. 
Daikins, int. an excl. of surprise. 
Daikit, ppl. adj. used, put to use. 
Dail, n. a field. 
Dail, Daill, n. a deal, number of persons ; a 

part, portion ; value. 
Dail, n. a deal-board ; a stretching-board for 

a corpse. Cf. Deal. 
Dail, ». a ewe fattened for the butcher. 
Daill, «. interference ; dealing. 
Daily-day, adv. every day, continually. 
Daily-dud, n. a dish-clout. 
Dailygone, n. the twilight. Cf. Dayligaun. 
Daime-and-laive, phr. great plenty ; wasteful 

extravagance. 
Daimen, adj. occasional, rare. — adv. now and 

then. 
Daimen icker, n. an ear of corn met with 

occasionally. 
Daimis, v. to stun. Cf. Dammish. 
Daine, adj. gentle, modest, lowly. 
Dainahoch, adj. nice, dainty, squeamish. 
Dainta, Daintia, int. no matter ! it is of no 

consequence. 
Daintess, n. a dainty, a delicacy, a rarity. 
Daintie, n. affection. Cf. Dent. 
Daintith, Daiuteth, n. a dainty, a delicacy. 



Dainty, adj. used of things : large; of children, 
&c. : plump, thriving ; comely ; pleasant, 
good-natured; worthy, excellent; liberal; 
used ironically for scanty. 

Dair, v. to affect ; to impress. Cf. Dere. 

Dair away, ph?-. used of sheep : to wander, 
roam from their usual pasture. 

Dairg, n. a day's work. Cf. Darg. 

Dairgie, n. a dirge ; a funeral feast. Cf. 
Dirgie. 

tDaia, Daiaa, n. a wooden settle or sofa, con- 
vertible into a table, bed, or seat ; a bench 
of stone or turf at a cottage door ; a bench- 
seat ; a church-pew. 

Daiae, v. to stun, stupefy with drink ; to be- 
numb ; to wither ; to rot. — n. the powder 
or that part of a stone which is bruised by 
the stroke of a chisel or pickaxe ; anything 
that so injures wood, clothes, &c. as to spoil 
or rot them. Cf. Daze. 

Daiaed, ppl. adj. used of wood, plants, &c. : 
spoiled, withered, rotten. 

Daisie, adj. used of the weather : cold, damp, 
raw, sunless, chilling. 

Daiaing, n. a disease of sheep, called also 
' pining ' and ' vanquish. ' 

Daisy, adj. covered with daisies ; remarkable ; 
darling. 

Daiver, v. to stun, confound ; used as an im- 
precation ; to wander aimlessly ; to wander 
in mind ; to tarry ; to be benumbed, be- 
come stiff with cold. — n. a stunning blow. 

Da.iveieA,ppl. adj. fatigued; stupid; confused. 

Daivilie, adv. spiritlessly, listlessly. 

Daize, Daizie, v. to stun ; to stupefy, to go 
about stupidly. Cf. Daise. 

Dajon-wabater, n. one who weaves linen 
or woollen stuffs for country neighbours or 
private customers. Cf. Dadgeon-weaver. 

Daker, v. to search for stolen goods, &c. Cf. 
Dacker, Daiker. 

Daldoo, n. a great noise, a hubbub. 

Daldrum, n. a foolish fancy ; mental con- 
fusion. 

Dale, n. a deal ; a board for measuring a 
corpse. 

Dale, n. part interest, management. Cf. Dail, 
Daill. 

Dale, n; a goal, a. ' dell. ' 

Dale-land, n. the lower and arable ground of 
a district. 

Dale-lander, -man, n. an inhabitant of the 
lower ground or ' dale-land.' 

Dalgan, n. the stick used in binding sheaves. 
Cf. Delgin. 

Dalk, n. varieties of slate clay ; common 
clay ; a coal-miner's term. 

Dall, n. a large cake of sawdust and cow- 
dung, formerly used by the poor as fuel. 

Dall, k. a sloven. 



Dall 



124 



Danton 



Dall, n. a doll ; a dressy, foolish young 

woman. Cf. Doll. 
Dallion, «. a person with large, ill-fitting 

clothes, or with an awkward gait. 
Dallish, adj. slovenly. 
Dalloch, n. a flat piece of rich land. 
Dallop, n. a steep 'shank ' or glen, where two 

haughs are exactly opposite to each other. 
Dallow, v. to dig with a spade, delve. 
Dally, n. the stick sometimes used in binding 

sheaves. 
Dally, n. a girl's doll ; a painted figure or 

image ; a silly, dressy woman. 
Dalt, n. a foster-child. 
Dam, n. the water confined by a dam or 

barrier, a mill-pond ; used of children : 

the quantity of urine discharged at a time ; 

a 'mill-lade.' 
tDam, n. a mother, woman. 
fDam n. a piece or ' man ' in the game of 

draughts. 
Dam, n. the damson plum. 
Damack, Damackie, n. a girl, a young 

woman. 
Damage, n. legal damages ; cost, expense. 
Damas, «. damask. 

Damasee, n. the damson or damask plum. 
Damborded, adj. of a checked pattern, crossed 

like a 'dambrod.' 
Dambrod, n. a draught-board. — adj. checked 

like a ' dambrod. ' 
Dam-dyke, n. the wall of a mill-pond, &c. 
Dame, n. the mistress of a house ; a farmer's 

wife ; a mother ; a young, unmarried 

woman ; a damsel. 
Dam-e'e, n. the outlet of a mill-pond. 
Dam-head, n. the upper embankment of a 

mill-pond. 
tDamishell, n. a damsel. 
Dammer, n. a miner ; one who constructs 

' dams. ' 
Dammer, v. to astonish, confuse, astound. 
Dammertit, ///. adj. stupid. 
Dammin' and lavin', phr. fish-poaching, by 

damming and diverting the course of a 

stream, and then laving out the water. 
Damming and loving, -phr. preferring a sure 

though small gain to the prospect of a 

greater with uncertainty. 
Dammish, v. to stun, stupefy ; to bruise the 

surface of fruit ; to injure, damage ; used 

as an expletive. 
Dammishment, u. damage, injury. 
Dammit,///, stunned. 
Damnage, Dampnage, n. injury, damage. 
Damnation, n. judicial condemnation. 
Damnify, v. to damage, injure by loss. 
Damp, n. coal-pit gas. 
Damp, n. rain. — adj. downcast, damped. — 

v. to throw down, fell. 



tDams, n. the game of draughts. 
Damsel, n. the damson plum. 
Dan, n. a respectful term of address. 
Dance, n. a needless, hurried, or exasperating 

hunt for a person or thing. 
Dance-in-my-lufe, n. a very diminutive 

person. 
Dancing, ppl. in phr. 'to send one dancing,' 

to send one quickly. 
Dancing-mad, adj. in a towering passion. 
Dandalie, adj. celebrated for beauty, spoilt by 

admiration. — n. a woman spoilt by admira- 
tion. Cf. Dandillie. 
Dander, n. temper, anger ; spirit. 
Dander, v. to stroll, saunter; to trifle. — n. a 

stroll. 
Danderer, n. a saunterer ; a habitual saun- 

terer. 
Dandering, ppl. vibrating, resounding ; emit- 
ting an unequal sound. 
Dandering-Kate, n. the stone-bore or stone- 
orpine. 
Danders, n. smithy-fire refuse ; clinkers, slag. 
Dandgell, n. a large, thick topcoat ; a clumsy 

person with large, ill-titting clothes. 
Dandiefechun, n. a stroke, a hollow blow 

on any part of the body. 
Dandies, Dandie-han'-lin', n. a hand-line for 

catching herring or mackerel from a boat 

or ship sailing at a moderate rate. 
Dandillie, Dandily, adj. celebrated for beauty, 

spoilt by admiration. — n. a fondling ; a 

woman who makes too much of herself. 
Dandillie-cham, n. a chain made by children 

of dandelion stems for play or ornament. 
Dandrum, n. a whim, freak. 
Dandy, Dandie, n. an elegant woman ; 

a distinguished or prominent person. — adj. 

fine, gay ; phr. ' the dandy,' the very thing, 

the fashion, 'the ticket.' 
Dane, ppl. done. 

Daner, v. to saunter. Cf. Dander. 
Dang, v. pret. dung, beat, drove. Cf. Ding. 
Dang, v. to throw violently, knock, bang ; to 

drive. 
Dang, v. used as an imprecation for ' damn. ' 
Dangerous, adj. dangerously ill. 
Dangle, v. to swing, vibrate ; to throb, tingle ; 

to quiver with pain. 
Dank-will, n. a will-o'-the-wisp. Cf. Will. 
Dannar'd, ppl. adj. in a state of stupor. Cf. 

Donnert. 
Danner, v. to saunter. Cf. Dander. 
Danners, n. clinkers ; slag from a smithy or 

foundry ; scorite. Cf. Danders. 
Dannie, v. to dangle ; to throb or vibrate 

with pain. Cf. Dangle. 
Dant, v. to daunt ; to be afraid. Cf. Daunt. 
Danton, v. to daunt ; to depress. Cf. 

Daunton. 



Danyel 



I2 5 



Daunting 



Danyel, v. to dangle ; to jolt while driving on 

a rough road. 
Dapperpy, adj. diapered ; used of variegated 

woollen cloth. 
Dapse, v. to choose, fix upon, ' chaps.' 
Dardum, n. uproar, damage; ill -humour; 

a riotous noise ; a scolding ; a stroke, 

blow. Cf. Dirdum. 
Dare, v. to challenge, defy. — n. a challenge. 
Dare, v. to be afraid, shrink in fear; to 

crouch, lie hid ; to terrify, stupefy. — n. a 

feeling of fear or awe. 
Dare-deviltry, n. a dare-devil spirit. 
Dare-the-deil, n. a dare-devil ; one who fears 

nothing and will attempt anything. 
Darg, Dargue, n. a day s work ; work done 

in a day ; work, whether done in a day 

or not; a set task ; a. quantity of land. — 

v. to work by the day ; to toil. 
Darg, n. the noise made by a spade in soft 

earth. 
Darg-days, n. days of work given as part of a 

farmer's or cottager's rent. 
Darger, n. a day-labourer. 
Darging, n. a day-labourer's work ; hard, 

plodding toil. 
Dark, n. a day's work. Cf. Darg. 
Dark, v. to grow dark ; to cloud with evil ; to 

hide, take shelter. 
Darken, v. in phr. to ' darken one's door,' to 

enter one's house. 
Darkening, n. twilight, dusk. 
Darket,///. adj. dull, down-hearted. 
Darkle, v. to darken suddenly in alternation 

with a gleam of light ; to be momentarily 

obscured. 
Darklins, adv. darkly ; in the dark. 
Darksome, adj. melancholy, dismal. 
Darle, n. a bit of bread or of anything ; a 

portion. Cf. Dorle. 
Darloch, n. a bundle ; a valise ; a sheaf of 

arrows. Cf. Dorloch. 
Darlock, n. a large piece of anything solid. 
Darn, v. to hide, conceal ; to hearken 

stealthily ; to loiter at work ; to think, 

muse ; with behind, to fall back. 
Darn, v. used in imprecation for 'damn.' 
Darn, n. a disease of cattle, supposed to be 

caused by eating the wood-anemone. 
Darn, v. to stuff a hole; to zigzag like a 

drunk man on a street. 
Darna, v. neg. dare not. Cf. Daurna. 
Darr, v. used of a blow : to fall, alight. 
Dana, n. a hand-line for catching large fish ; 

the hooks and sinkers attached to the line. 
Darra-shaffc, n. the frame on which the ' darra ' 

is kept ; the ' darra ' itself. 
Darsna, v. durst not. 
Dart,///, dared. 
Dash, i'. to abash, dismay, confuse ; to show off; 



to flourish in writing ; to erase, strike out ; 
used in imprecation. — n. a display ; a flourish 
in writing ; of rain : a sudden fall. 

Dash, n. a hat, a cap. 

Dashelled, ppl. adj. beaten and wasted by 
weather, 'tashed.' 

Dashie, adj. making a great show. 

Dashing, n. a disappointment. 

Dashy-looking, adj. smart, well-dressed. 

Dask, n. a desk ; a precentor's desk. 

Dass, n. the portion of a haystack cut off with 
a hay-knife ; the corn left in a barn after 
part is removed ; a. stratum of stones ; a 
layer in a mass slowly built up ; a small 
landing-place ; a step. 

Datch, v. to jog, shake. 

Datchel-like, adj. having a dangling appear- 
ance. 

Datchie, adj. used of the intellect : penetrat- 
ing ; sly, cunning, ' cute '; hidden, secret. 

Datchie, v. to waddle ; to walk carelessly, 
with ill-fitting clothes. 

Date, n. in phr. ' to gi'e date and gree, ' to 
give the preference. 

Daub, n. a dash, a sudden stroke. Cf. Dab. 

Daub, n. an adept, proficient. Cf. Dab. 

Dauble, v. to thrust, work into, dibble. 

Dauch, n. a soft, black substance, composed 
chiefly of clay, mica, and coal-dust. 

Dauchle, v. to slacken speed. Cf. Dackle. 

Dauchy, adj. a curling term, used of the ice : 
wet, sloppy, ' drug,' rendering play difficult. 

Daud, n. a large piece. Cf. Dad. 

Daud, v. to strike. Cf. Dad. 

Daudnel, adj. shabby in appearance. 

Daug, n. a thick fog. Cf. Dag. 

Daugeon, n. fellow, person. 

Daugh, n. a measure of land, estimated to 
yield 48 bolls. 

Daugh, v. pret. had ability, was able. 

Daugh, n. a very heavy dew or drizzling 
rain. — v. to moisten, bedew. Cf. Dawch. 

Daught, v. pret. was able. Cf. Dow. 

Daught, n. taste ; effluvium. 

Dauk, adj. stupid, doltish. 

Dauk, n. clay used for making fire-bricks. 

Dauk, adj. dark, murky. 

Dauky, adj. moist, damp. 

Dauler, n. a supine, delicate person. 

Dault, n. a foster-child. Cf. Dalt. 

Daumer, v. to stun, stupefy ; to knock about ; 
to bewilder. — n. a stunning blow. 

Daumert, ppl. adj. bewildered, sleepy, silly. 

Daunder, Dauner, v. to stroll, saunter. — n. 
a drunken frolic ; a saunter. Cf. Dander. 

Daunders, n. the scoriae of metals. Cf. 
Danders. 

Daunt, v. to break in. — n. a check, a dis- 
couragement. Cf. Dant. 

Daunting,///, adj. ominous, discouraging. 



Dauntingly 



126 



Dead 



Dauntingly, adv. courageously. 

Daunton, v. to terrify, subdue ; to depress ; 
to awe. Cf. Danton. 

Daupet, ppl. adj. silly, inactive ; stupid, un- 
concerned ; mentally weak. 

Daupit-blind, adj. stupid and blind. 

Daur, v. to challenge. Cf. Dare. 

Daur, v. to fear, stand in awe. — n. a feeling 
of awe. Cf. Dare. 

Dauredna, v. neg. dared not. 

Daurg, Daurk, n. a day's work. Cf. Darg. 

Daurin', ppl. adj. used of beard or whiskers : 
very big, bushy ; bold, venturesome. 

Daurken, v. to grow dark. 

Daurna, v. neg. dare not. 

Daurnin, n. a thrashing, knocking about. 

Daurt, ppl. dared. 

Daur upon, phr. to affect, impress. 

Daut, v. to fondle, dote upon, make much of. 
— n. a caress ; a pat fondly given. 

Dautie, n. a darling ; a dear ; a sweetheart. 

Dauting, n. a caress ; petting ; fondling. 

Dautit, ppl. adj. fondled, petted ; spoiled by 
overpetting. 

Dave, v. used of pain : to cease ; to assuage. 
Cf. Deave. 

Davel, v. to strike with violence ; to knock 
down; to trample. — n. a stunning blow. 
Cf. Devel. 

Davelin, n. the flat planks on the centres, for 
supporting the arch-stones of bridges, while 
building. 

Daver, v. to stun, stupefy ; to benumb ; to go 
out of one's mind. Cf. Daiver. 

Davering, ppl. adj. riding or walking in a 
dazed condition. 

Daver*t, ppl. adj. silly, senseless ; benumbed. 

Davie-drap, n. ? the cuckoo-grass or chimney- 
sweeps. 

Daviely, adv. listlessly. Cf. Daivilie. 

Davoch, n. an ancient measure of land, averag- 
ing 416 acres. 

Davy, n. Sir H. Davy's safety-lamp. 

Daw, n. a lazy, good-for-nothing person ; a 
sluggard ; an untidy woman or housewife ; 
a slattern ; a trull. 

Daw, «. fire-clay found on coal ; a cake of 
cow-dung and coal-dust used as fuel. 

Daw, n. an atom, particle, jot. 

Daw, n. dawn.- — v. to dawn. 

Dawch, v. to moisten with dew ; to damp. — 
n. a heavy dew or drizzling rain. Cf. Dauk. 

Dawd, n. a lump. Cf. Dad. 

Dawd, v. to strike. — n. a blow. Cf. Dad. 

Dawdge, n. a tatterdemalion, ragged fellow. 

Dawdie, adj. slovenly, sluttish, dowdy. 

Dawdle, n. a lazy, indolent person. — v. to be 
indolent ; to mess, bedabble. — adv. in- 
dolently. 

Dawdry, adj. slovenly, untidy. 



Dawds and blawds, n. 'kail-blades' boiled 
whole and eaten with bannocks ; the 
greatest abundance. 

Daw-fish, n. the lesser dog-fish. 

Dawghie, adj. moist, damp. 

Dawing, n. the dawn. 

Dawk, v. to drizzle. — n. a drizzling rain. Cf. 
Dauk. 

Dawken, v. to dawn. 

Dawkenin', n. the dawn. 

Dawkie, adj. moist ; damp. 

Dawless, adj. lazy ; without energy ; feeble. 
Cf. Dowless. 

Dawlie, adj. slow of movement. 

Dawmer, v. to stupefy. Cf. Daumer. 

Dawner, v. to stroll, saunter. Cf. Dander. 

Dawpit, ppl. adj. having lost mental vigour. 

Dawsie, adj. constitutionally stupid or inactive. 

Dawt, v. to caress ; to pet. Cf. Daut. 

Dawtie, n. a darling, pet. 

Day-aboot, n. phr. alternate days ; an equal 
footing ; ' tit for tat. ' 

Day an' daily, phr. every day. 

Day an' way o't, phr. self-support ; daily 
payment of one's way. 

Day-darger, n. a day-labourer. 

Day-daw, -dawin, n. the dawn. 

Day-level, n. a mine bored to some point 
lower than the workings, to which the water 
was carried by gravitation. 

Dayligaun, n. twilight. Cf. Dailygone. 

Day-lily, n. the asphodel. 

Day-nettle, n. the dead-nettle ; a whitlow, a 
gathering on the finger. 

Days, n. a curling term : in phr. ' gi'e him 
days,' do everything right to keep the stone 
running. 

Day-set, n. nightfall. 

Day-sky, n. daylight ; daybreak ; the appear- 
ance of the sky at daybreak or twilight. 

Daze, v. to stupefy with drink, bemuddle ; 
to wither, spoil, or rot. — n. the powder 
of stone when bruised by chisel or pickaxe. 
Cf. Daise. 

Dazed, ppl. adj. stupid, foolish -looking. 

Dazie, adj. used of the weather : cold, raw, 
sunless. Cf. Daisie. 

Dazzle, v. to daze, stupefy. 

Dazzly, adj. dazzling. 

Deacon, n. a head-workman ; a master or 
chairman of a trade-guild ; an adept, expert, 
proficient. 

Deaconry, n. the office of a ' deacon' ; a trade- 
guild under a ' deacon.' 

Dead, v. to strike. Cf. Dad. 

Dead, adj. exact ; stagnant ; flat ; stale, un- 
profitable, yielding no interest ; of bowls, 
quoits, &c. : equidistant from the 'tee.' — n. 
death ; the cause of death, a mortal injury 
or sickness ; in pi. quoits, bowls, &c. equi- 



Deadal 



127 



Deasie 



distant from the ' tee ' ; coarse soil from the 
bottom of a ditch. — adv. quite, exceedingly. 

Deadal, n. death. Cf. Dead-ill. 

Dead and gone, phi: dead and buried. 

Dead-auld, adj. extremely old. 

Dead-bell, n. the passing-bell; the funeral 
bell ; singing in the ears as an omen of death. 

Dead-candle, n. phosphorescent light, will-o'- 
the-wisp, as an omen of death. 

Dead-chack, n. the sound made by a wood- 
worm in houses, regarded as an omen of 
death. 

Dead-chack, n. the dinner formerly prepared 
for the magistrates of a burgh after a public 
execution. 

Dead-chap, n. a sharp stroke heard, as an 
omen of death. 

Dead-chest, «. a coffin. 

Dead-claes, n. shroud, winding-sheet. 

Dead-days, n. the days during which a corpse 
remained unburied, and no ploughing or 
opening of the earth was allowed on a farm. 

Dead-deaf, adj. quite deaf. 

Dead-deal, -dale, «. the board used for 
measuring and lifting a corpse. 

Dead-dole, n. a dole formerly given at a 
funeral. 

Dead-dour, adj. utterly immovable. 

Dead-drap, n. a drop of water falling heavily 
and at intervals on a floor, as an omen of 
death. 

Dead-gown, n. a winding-sheet ; a part of 
the 'dead-clothes.' 

Dead-hole, ». the grave. 

Dead-house, n. a mortuary ; a grave. 

Dead-ill, n. a mortal illness ; a. deadly hurt, <i 
fatal injury. — adj. sick with a mortal illness. 

Deadily, «. a boys' game, when one with 
clasped hands has to run and catch others. 

Dead-kist, n. a coffin. 

Dead-knack, n. a stroke as of a switch upon 
the door or bed, the cause of which is un- 
known, as an omen of death. 

Dead-knell, n. a death-knell. 

Dead-licht, «. a 'corpse-candle'; phosphor- 
escence, supposed to appear in graveyards ; 
the ignis-fatuus. 

Dead-lift, n. help at a pinch ; a difficulty ; a 
dilemma ; a crisis. 

Dead-looks, «. signs on the face of the near- 
ness of death. 

Dead-lown, adj. used of the atmosphere : in 
a dead calm, quite still. 

Deadly, adj. death-like, lifeless. 

Deadman's-bell, n. the passing-bell. 

Deadman's-creesh, n. the water-hemlock. 
Deadman's-paps, n. the star-fish Alcyonium 

digitatum. 
Deadman's-sneeshin, n. the dust of the com- 
mon puff-ball, 



Deadmen's-bells, «. the purple foxglove. 

Dead-nip, n. a blue mark on the body ascribed 
to necromancy, and regarded as ominous ; a 
sudden and effectual check to one. 

Dead-picture, n. an exact likeness. 

Dead-rattle, -ruckle, n. the sound made by a 
dying person. 

Dead-set, n. the fixed expression of the eye 
in death. — adj. quite determined on. 

Dead-sheet, -shroud, n. a death-shroud. 

Dead-spale, n. the grease of a candle which 
falls over the edge in a semicircular form, 
called 'a winding-sheet,' and is regarded as 
a premonition of death. 

Dead-swap, n. a sharp stroke, supposed to be 
ominous of death. 

Dead-sweer, -swear, adj. utterly lazy ; ex- 
tremely unwilling. 

Dead-thraw, «. the death-throes ; phr. ' in 
the deid-thraw,' used of fish : not fresh ; of 
things cooked : neither hot nor cold when 
served. 

Dead-watch, n. the death-watch, or 'dead- 
chack,' a ticking thought to presage death. 

Deaf, adj. used of grain : having lost the 
power to germinate ; of shell and kernelled 
fruit : empty, without a kernel ; of soil : flat. 

Deaf-nit, n. a woman without money. 

Deaister, 11. a hurricane. Cf. Doister. 

Deal, 11. a periodic dole ; the time at which it 
is given. 

Deal, k. a portion of land. Cf. Dail. 

Deal, n. the stretching-board for a dead body. 

Deam, ». a young woman. Cf. Dame, Deem. 

Deamie, n. a girl. 

Dean, n. a deep wooded valley ; a small 
valley ; a hollow where the ground slopes 
on both sides. 

Dear be here, Dear keep 's, Dear kens, Dear 
knows, Dear sake, int. various excls. of 
surprise, sorrow, pity, &c. 

Dearie, n. a sweetheart, a darling. 

Dear-meal-cart, n. a farmer's vehicle which 
came into use when high war-prices were 
got in the early part of the 19th century. 

Dearth, v. to raise the price of anything. 

Dearth-cap, n. a name given in the Carse of 
Gowrie to a fungus resembling a cup, con- 
taining a number of seeds, supposed to 
have got its name from the notion that it 
gave supply in a time of dearth. 

Dearthful, adj. expensive, of high price. 

Dear year, ». a year of great scarcity in the 
beginning of the 19th century. 

tDeas, n. a turf seat on the outside, or in the 
porch of a cottage ; a long wooden settle, 
convertible into a bed, seat, or table ; a pew. 
Cf. Dais. 

Deasie, adj. used of the weather : cold, raw, 
uncomfortable. Cf. Daisie, 



Deasil 



128 



Deedle 



Deasil, Deasoil, n. walk or movement with 
the sun from east to west. 

Death, n. mphr. 'to be going to death with 
a thing,' to be quite positive and sure about 
it. Cf. Dead. 

Death-candle, n. a corpse-candle. 

Death-chap, «. a knocking ominous of death. 

Death-deal, n. a stretching-board for a corpse. 

Death-dwam, «. a death-swoon or faint. 

Death-hamper, «, a long basket made of 
rushes, used for funerals formerly in some 
parts of the Highlands. 

Death-ill, n. a mortal illness. 

Deathin, n. the water-hemlock. 

Death-ruckle, n. the death-rattle. 

Death-sang, n. a banshee's song, supposed to 
portend death. 

Death-shank, n. a thin leg like that of a dead 
person. 

Death-shut, adj. closed in death. 

Death's-mailin, n. a burial-ground. 

Death-sough, n. the last breath of a dying 
person. 

Death-swap, n. a knock betokening the near- 
ness of death. 

Death-trouble, n. a mortal illness. 

Death-weed, n. a shroud. 

Death-yirm, n. the phlegm that causes the 
death-rattle. 

Deave, v. to deafen, stun with noise; to worry, 
bother. 

Deave, v. used of pain : to mitigate, lessen, 
deaden. Cf. Dave. 

Deavesome, adj. deafening. 

Deaving, n. deafening noise. 

Deaw, v. to drizzle. 

Debait, v. to cease eating after having had 
enough ; to cease. 

Debait, Debate, «. a fight, struggle for exist- 
ence, &c. 

Debaitless, adj. without spirit or energy to 
struggle ; ' feckless ' ; helpless. 

Debateable, adj. able to shift for one's self; 
energetic. 

tDebaurd, n. departure from the right way. 
— v. to go beyond proper bounds or to 
excess. 

tDebaush, v. to debauch or seduce a woman. 
Cf. Debosh. 

Debitor, n. debtor. 

fDebord, ». excess. — v. to go beyond bounds 
or to excess. 

Debording, n. excess. 

tDebOBh, n. excessive indulgence ; extrava- 
gance, waste ; a debauch ; one who over- 
indulges himself. — v. to indulge one's self to 
excess. Cf. Debaush. 

Deboshed, ppl. adj. debauched, worthless. 

Deboshing, ///. adj. wasteful ; given over to 
excessive indulgence. 



Deboshrie, n. a debauch, waste, excessive 

indulgence. 
+Debout, v. to thrust from. 
Debritch, n. debris. 
Debt, n. in phr. ' to come in the debt,' to 

break, destroy, make an end of. 
Debtfull, adj. due, indebted. 
Debuck, v. to prevent any design from being 

carried through ; used chiefly in the game 

of ' nine-pins.' 
Debuction, n. the loss of thirteen to a. player 

at ' nine-pins ' if he knocks down more pins 

than make up the number required in the 

game. 
tDeburse, v. to disburse. 
Debursing, n. disbursement. 
fDebush, n. excessive indulgence, debauch. — 

v. to indulge to excess. Cf. Debosh. 
tDebushens, n. dismissal from a situation, &c. 
Decanter, n. a jug. 
Decay, n. consumption, 'a decline.' 
Decedent, n. one who demits an office. 
Deceive, n. a deception. 
Deceiverie, ». a habit or course of deception. 
Decency, n. a respectable way of living. 
Decent, adj. satisfactory for one's position, 

&c, tolerable, good enough. 
Decern, v. to adjudge, decree, determine. 
Decerniture, n. a decree or judgment of court. 
Dech, v. to build with turfs. Cf. Deigh. 
Dechlit, ppl. wearied and wayworn. 
Declarator, n. a legal or authentic declaration ; 

an action with that object. 
Declinable, adj. used of a witness : that may 

be rejected as incompetent. 
Declination, ». a courteous refusal. 
Declinature, n. an act declining the jurisdic- 
tion of a judge or court. 
Decline, n. consumption, phthisis ; the end. 
tDecoir, Decore, v. to decorate, adorn. 
Decorement, Decorament, n. decoration. 
Decourt, v. to dismiss from court. 
Decreet, n. a decree ; final judicial sentence. 
Dede, n. death. — adj. dead. Cf. Dead. 
Dee, v. to die. 

Dee, n. a dairymaid. Cf. Dey. 
Dee, v. to do. 

Deeble, v. to dibble. — n. a dibble. 
Deece, n. a long settle used as a bed, &c. 

Cf. Dais. 
Deed, adj. dead. 
Deed, n. in phr. ' by ' or ' upo' my deed,' surely, 

certainly. — int. an excl. of confirmation or 

interrogation ; indeed I 
Deed-doer, n. the doer of a deed ; perpetrator. 
Deedin, v. to deaden. 
Deeding, n. the act of making a deed or 

contract. 
Deedle, ;/. 'deid-ill'; mortal injury or sick- 
ness. Cf. Dead-ill. 



Deedle 



129 



Deil's bit 



Deedle, v. to dandle, as an infant ; to train 

an infant ; to sing in a low tone, hum an 

air without the words. Cf. Doodle. 
Deedle -doodle, «. a meaningless song ; a 

badly played tune. 
Deedley-dumpliu', re. a term of endearment 

to an infant. 
Deeds, re. coarse soil or gravel taken from the 

bottom of a ditch. Cf Dead. 
Deeds I, -aye, phr. yes, indeed ! 
Deedy, Deedie, adj. given to doing ; gen. in 

phr. ' ill-deedie,' mischievous. 
Dee-er, re. a doer. 
Deef, adj. deaf. 
Deefen, v. to deafen. 
fDeek, v. to spy out, descry. 
Deem, re. a young woman. Cf. Dame. 
Deem, v. to judge ; to estimate. 
Deemer, re. one who forms an estimate of 

another's conduct or intentions. 
Deemes, Deemas, re a great sum. — adj. great. 

— adv. exceedingly. Cf. Dooms. 
Deemie, re. a young girl. Cf. Deamie. 
Deemster, re. a judge; the official of a court 

who used to proclaim formally its sentence 

on the prisoner at the bar. 
Deen, adv. extremely. Cf. Doon. 
Deen, ppl. done. 
Deen out, adj. exhausted. 
Deep, adj. clever, crafty. — re. the deepest part 

of a river, the channel. 
Deep-draucht, re. a crafty circumvention. 
Deep-drauchtit, adj. designing, artful. 
Deepen, v. to take soundings. 
Deepens, re. depth. 
Deepin, re. a fishing-net. Cf. Dipin. 
Deepin-weaver, re. a net-weaver. 
Deeply-sworn, adj. solemnly sworn. 
Deepooperit, ppl. weak, worn-out in body or 

mind ; impoverished, depauperated. 
Deep-sea-buckie, re. the Murex corneus. 
Deep-sea-crab, re. the spider-crab. 
Deer-, Deer's-hair, re. the heath club-moss. 
Deester, re. a 'doer,' agent. 
Dee't, v. pi-et. died. 
Deeve, v. to deafen. Cf. Deave. 
Deeve, v. to deaden pain. Cf. Dave. 
Deevil, re. the devil, a devil. Cf. Deil. 
Deevilick, Deeviluck, re. a little imp or devil. 
Deevilish, adj. extraordinary, wonderful, super- 
natural. — adv. used intensively. 
Deeze, v. to stupefy. Cf. Daise. 
Defaisance, re. defeasance. 
tDefait, Defeat,///, adj. defeated ; exhausted 

by sickness or fatigue. 
fDefalk, v. to resign a claim ; to do without 

payment ; to deduct. 
Defalt, v. to adjudge as culpable. 
Defame, v. to report guilty. 
Defeekulty, re. difficulty. 

9 



Defence, re. confidence in possessing the means 
of defence. 

Defend, v. to ward off, keep off a blow ; to 
forbid, prevent. 

Defendant, adj. in phr. ' degrees defendant,' 
the forbidden degrees. 

Defenn, re. dirt. 

Defett, ppl. adj. defeated ; exhausted. Cf. 
Defait. 

Deficient, adj. failing in duty. 

Deforce, re. deforcement ; violent ejection or 
seizure. 

Deforcer, n. a ravisher, one who commits rape. 

Deform, re. a deformed person. 

Defraud, re. a fraud, the act of defrauding. 

Deft, adj. bold. 

Deftly, adv. fitly, properly ; handsomely. 

Deg, v. to strike smartly with a sharp-pointed 
weapon ; to pierce or indent with a sharp- 
pointed instrument. — re. a sharp blow or 
stroke ; the hole or indentation made by a 
pointed instrument. — adv. 'slap,' 'bang.' 

Deg, re. a pistol. Cf. Dag. 

Degener, v. to degenerate. 

Degger, re. one who 'degs.' 

Degust, re. disgust. 

Dei, re. a dairymaid. Cf. Dey. 

Deid, re. death ; pestilence. — -///. adj. dead. 
Cf. Dead. 

Deid's pairt, re. that portion of his movable 
estate which a person deceased had a right 
to dispose of before his death in whatsoever 
way he pleased. 

Deid-wed, re. a mortgage. 

Deign, v. to build with turfs. 

Deighle, re. a simpleton. 

Deil, re. devil. 

Deil a bit, phr. nothing at all ; not at all. 

Deil a mony, phr. not many. 

Deil-be-lickit, phr. nothing at all. 

Deil-blaw-lickit, pjir. nothing at all. 

Deil &tchit,phr. an emphatic kind of negation. 

Deil gin, phr. would to the devil that. 

Deil haet, phr. nothing at all. 

Deil-in-a-bush, re. the herb paris. 

Deil-in-the-bush, re. love-in-a-mist, Nigella 
damascena. 

Deil-ma-care, adj. utterly careless. — adv. no 
matter. 

Deil -mak- matter, adj. careless. — adv. no 
matter. 

Deil-o'-me, phr. not I ; never for my part. 

Deil-perlicket, phr. nothing at all. 

Deilry, re. devilry. 

Deil's apple-rennie, re. the wild camomile. 

Deil's apple-trees, re. the sun-spurge. 

Deil's barley, re. the crimson stone-crop. 

Deil's beef-tub, n. a roaring linn. 

Deil's bird, re. the magpie. 

Deil's bit, re. the blue scabious. 



Deil's books 



130 



Denk 



Deil's books, n. playing-cards. 

Deil's buckie, n. an imp ; a mischievous youth. 

Deil's butterfly, «. the tortoise-shell butterfly. 

Deil's cup, n. strong drink. 

Deil's darning-needle, n. the dragon-fly ; the 

shepherd's needle. 
Deil's dirt, n. asafcetida. 
Deil's dizzen, 11. thirteen. 
Deil's dog, n. any strange black dog met at 

night. 
Deil's dung, n. asafcetida. 
Deil's elahin, n. the shepherd's needle. 
Deil's-gut, n. the wild convolvulus. 
Deil's guts, 77. various species of Cuscuta. 
Deil's kirnstaff, n. the petty spurge, the sun- 

spuvge. 
Deil's limb, n. an imp ; a tiresome or trouble- 
some youth. 
Deil's mark, n. marks crescent-wise arranged 

on the lower part of a pig's foreleg. 
Deil's metal, n. mercury. 
Deil's milk, n. the white milky sap of the 

dandelion and other plants. 
Deil's milk-plant, n. the dandelion. 
Deil speed one, phr. a form of imprecation. 
Deil's pet, n. an imp ; a mischievous youth. 
Deil's picture-, -painted-books, n. playing- 
cards. 
Deil's pots and pans, n. holes in the bed of a 

stream, caused by stones carried down and 

boiling in flood-time. 
Deil's putting-stones, n. perched boulders. 
Deil's snuff-box, 77,. the common puff-ball. 
Deil's sowen-bowie, n. a children's game. 
Deil's spadefu's, n. natural heaps or hummocks 

of sand or gravel. 
Deil's specs, n. ' cup and ring ' marks. 
Deil's spoons, n. the water - plantain ; the 

broad-leaved bindweed. 
Deil's toddy, n. punch made with hot whisky 

instead of water. 
Deil's wind, n. a winnowing-machine. 
Deil-tak-him, n. the yellow-hammer. 
Deir, v. to be afraid ; to terrify. Cf. Dare. 
Deis, n. a long settle, table, pew, turf seat, &c. 

Cf. Deas. 
Deisheal, adv. with the sun, from east to west. 

Cf. Deasil. 
tDejeune, n. breakfast. 
Delash, v. to discharge, let fly. 
tDelator, n. an informer, accuser. 
Delaverly, adv. freely, continuously. Cf. 

Deliverly. 
Deleer, Deleir, Deler, Delier, v. to intoxicate, 

render delirious. 
Deleerin', ppl. adj. maddening. 
Deleerit, ppl. gone mad, out of one's senses. 
Deleeritness, 11. madness ; delirium. 
Delf, n. a pit, a quarry ; the mark of an 

animal's foot in soft ground ; a sod or cut 



turf ; a large space cut into turfs ; a peat- 
hag. — v. to cut mould, clay, &c. in large 
lumps. 

Delf -house, n. a pottery. 

Delfin, adj. made of earthenware. 

Delf-ware, n. earthenware, crockery. 

Delgin, n. the stick used in binding sheaves. 
Cf. Dally. 

Delicate, n. a delicacy, a luxury, a dainty. 

Delichtsome, adj. delightful. 

+Delict, n. a misdemeanour. 

Deliverly, adv. nimbly; continually. Cf. 
Delaverly. 

Dell, n. the goal in boys' games. 

Dell, v. to dig, labour with a spade, delve. 

Delt, v. to fondle, treat or spoil with great 
kindness ; to delight in ; to toy amorously. 

Delting, ppl. spoiling with kindness. 

'Deliit.ppl. adj. spoiled with kindness ; treated 
with great care ; petted. 

Deltit, ppl. adj. hid from public view ; used 
of the retired habits of one devoted to a 
literary life. 

Delve, v. to hide, insert ; to work hard, drudge. 

Dem, v. to dam water ; to stop the inrush of 
flood-water. 

tDemean, Demaine, Demane, Demayne, v. to 
treat any one in a particular way ; to ill- 
treat ; to punish by cutting off a hand. 

Demeans, n. lands, demesnes. 

tDemelle, n. a rencontre. 

tDemellit, ppl. hurt, injured. 

tDemellitie, n. a hurt ; the effects of a dispute. 

tDemember, v. to deprive of a bodily member. 

Demembration, n. mutilation; the act of 
'demembering.' 

Dementation, n. a state of derangement. 

Dementit, ppl. adj. distracted, crazy ; stupid, 
nonsensical. 

Dem-fow, adj. quite full. Cf. Dem. 

Demit, v. to dismiss, permit to go. 

Demmish, v. to stun by blow or fall. Cf. 
Dammish. 

Demous, adj. great. Cf. Dooms. 

Demple, n. a potato-dibble. 

Dempster, n. a judge ; an officer of court who 
pronounces doom. Cf. Deemster. 

tDemur, n. a plight. 

Den, n. a glen, dell, ravine; the ' home' in boys' 
games ; the forecastle of a decked fishing- 
boat ; the place where the scythe is laid 
into the sned. — v. to hide, lurk in a den ; to 
run to cover. Cf. Dean. 

Den-fire, n. the fire in a decked fishing- 
boat. 

Dengle, v. to quiver with pain ; to throb. Cf. 
Dangle. 

Denk, adj. neat, trim ; precise, nice ; saucy. 
— v. to deck, dress neatly or finely. Cf, 
Dink. ■ ' 



Denner 



131 



Devilick 



Denner, «. dinner ; phr. ' liltle denner,' a 
repast taken before the usual breakfast by 
those who rise earlier in the morning than 
usual. — v. to have or give dinner. 

Denner-piece, n. a workman's lunch, a sub- 
stitute for dinner at home. 

Dennle, v. to quiver with pain. Cf. Dengle. 

Denrick, n. a smoke-board for a chimney. 

Densaix, n. a Danish axe, a Lochaber axe. 

Denshauch, adj. hard to please, nice in regard 
to food. 

Den-stair, n. the stair in a decked fishing- 
boat. 

Dent, Denta, n. affection, regard. Cf. Daintie. 

Dent, n. a tough clay, soft clay-stone. 

Dentelion, n. dandelion. 

Dentice, n. a dainty. Cf. Daintess. 

Dentis, int. just so; very well; no matter; 
an expression of indifference. Cf. Dainta. 

Denty, adj. large ; plump ; comely ; pleasant. 
Cf. Dainty. 

Denty-lion, n. dandelion. 

Denum, v. to confound, used as an impreca- 
tion ; to stupefy by much talking. 

Denumm't, ///. adj. confounded. 

Deny, v. to refuse, decline. 

Depairt, v. to die ; to part, divide. 

Depart, n. departure. 

Departal, n. death ; phr. ' to take one's de- 
partal,' to die. 

Departure, n. death. 

Depauper, v. to impoverish. Cf. Deepooperit. 

Deplorat,///. adj. deplorable. 

Depone, v. to deposit ; to depose, give evidence 
as witness. 

Deponent, n. a witness. 

Depositat, v. to lay aside. 

Depurse, v. to disburse. 

Depursement, n. disbursement. 

Deputation, n. the act or deed of appointing 
a deputy. 

Depute, n. a deputy. — adj. deputed. 

tDeray, n. disorder, uproar ; a festive crowd, 
boisterous mirth. 

Derb, n. common marble. 

Dere, v. to terrify, to fear. Cf. Dare. 

Dere, v. to affect, make an impression. — «. 
injury. 

fDeregles, n. loose habits, irregularities ; de- 
ceptions, fraudulent informations. 

Derf, Derff, adj. bold, vigorous ; unbending, 
sullen, taciturn ; massive, capable of giving 
a severe blow ; hard, cruel. 

Derfly, adv. boldly, fiercely, vigorously. 

Dergy, n. a dirge ; a funeral feast. Cf. Dirgie. 

Derision, n. a practical joke. 

Derk, adj. dark. 

Derkening, n. twilight. 

Deri, n. a broken piece of bread, cake, &c. ; 
a rag. 



Dern, v. to hide ; to listen ; to loiter at work ; 

to muse, to think ; with behind, to fall back. 

— adj. secret, obscure ; dark, dreary, lonely, 

dismal. — n. darkness, secrecy. 
Dern, adj. bold, daring ; fierce, wild. — adv. 

boldly; fiercely. 
Dern, v. to darn. 

Derril, n. a broken piece of bread. .Cf- Deri. 
Derrin, n. a broad, thick cake or loaf of oat- 

or barley-meal, or of the flour of pease and 

barley mixed, baked in an oven or on a 

hearth covered with hot ashes. 
Dert, ppl. adj. frightened, terrified. Cf. Dare. 
Descrive, v. to describe. 
Descriver, «. describer. 
Designed, ppl. adj. disposed, inclined. 
Desk, n. a precentor's desk ; the name for- 
merly given to that part of a church, near 

the pulpit, where baptism was administered. 
Desperate, adj. irreclaimable, very bad; great, 

excessive. — adv. exceedingly, beyond mea- 
sure. 
Desperation, n. in phr. 'like desperation,' as 

if in despair. 
Despite, v. to be filled with indignation. 
Dess, n. a settle ; a turf bench. Cf. Dais. 
Destinate, v. to design. 
Destructionfu', adj. destructive ; wasteful. 
Detfall, adj. due ; obligatory. 
Detort, v. to distort ; to turn aside in retorting. 
Deuch, n. a drink, a draught. 
Deuch-an-dorach, n. a stirrup-cup ; stark love 

and kindness. Cf. Doch-an-dorris. 
Deug, n. a tall, tough man. 
Deugind, adj. wilful, obstinate ; litigious. 
Deugle, n. anything long and tough. 
Deugs, n. rags ; shreds. Cf. Dewgs. 
Deuk, 11. a duck. 
Deuk, n. a cover, shelter. 
Deuk-dub, n. a duck-pond. 
Deuks' faul, n. a dilemma. 
Deule-weeds, n. mourning weeds. Cf. Dool, 

Dule. 
tDevall, Devaill, Devaul, Devawl, Devald, 

Devalve, Devauld, v. to descend, to fall ; 

to halt, cease. — n. a sunk fence; an inclined 

plane for a waterfall ; a pause ; cessation. 
Devalling, Devaluing, n. cessation, stop. 
Devan, «. a large piece of turf or sod. Cf. 

Divan. 
Deve, v. to deafen. Cf. Deave. 
Devel, v. to stun with a blow, maul ; to fall 

heavily. — n. a stunning blow. Cf. Davel. 
Develer, n. a first-rate boxer ; a dexterous 

young fellow. 
Dever, n. a tumble, fall ; a severe blow. — v. 

to stun, stupefy ; to be stupid. Cf. Daiver. 
Devilan, n. an insane person. 
Devilick, Devilock, n. a little devil, an imp. 

Cf. Deevilick. 



Devilish 



132 



Dike-end 



Devilish, adj. extraordinary. Cf. Deevilish. 
Devilment, *. wickedness. 
Devilry, n. communication with the devil. 
Deviltry, n. mischief, devilry, wickedness ; 

communication with the devil, witchcraft. 
Devle, Dewel, v. to stun with a blow. Cf. 

Devel. 
Devol, v. to deviate. 
Dew, n. whisky. — v. to rain slightly. 
Dew-cup, n. the ladies' mantle. 
Dew-droukit, adj. drenched with dew. 
Dewgs, n. rags, shreds, scraps of cloth. 
Dew-piece, n. a little food taken early in the 

morning by a servant or worker before the 

regular breakfast. 
Dew-wat, adj. dewy, wet with dew. 
Dey, n. a dairymaid ; a person in charge of a 

dairy, male or female. 
Dey, n. a child's name for father. 
Deyken, n. a deacon ; an adept. Cf. Deacon. 
Diacle, n. the compass used in a fishing-boat. 
Diagram, n. the scale of working drawn up 

for each driver or fireman by the railway 

companies. 
Dib, n. a small pool of water, a ' dub. ' 
Dibber-dabber, n. an uproar, wrangle. — v. to 

wrangle ; to wriggle in argument. 
Dibber-derry, n. a confused discussion. 
Dibble-dabble, n. uproar, accompanied with 

violence. — v. to wrangle. 
Dibbler, n. a large wooden platter. 
Diblet, n. mphr. 'neither dish nor diblet,' no 

table-dishes whatever. 
Dice, 11. a small square or diamond shape ; 

phr. 'box and dice,' the whole concern. — 

v. to sew a wavy pattern near the border of 

a garment ; to weave in figures resembling 

dice ; to do anything quickly and neatly. 
Dice-board, n. a draught- or chess-board. 
Dichel, Dichal, n. a bad scrape, 'pickle' ; in 

//. a scolding, drubbing. 
Dichens, n. a beating, punishment. 
Dichling, ti. a beating, drubbing. 
Dicht, v. to dress food ; to wipe, to clean ; to 

dry by rubbing ; to sift grain ; to handle a 

subject ; to drub, beat ; to dress one's self ; 

to prepare for use ; to put in order, tidy. — 

n. a wipe, a clean ; a blow, beating. 
Dichter, n. a winnower of grain. 
Dichtings, n. refuse ; the refuse of grain. 
Dichty, adj. dirty, foul. 
Dickie, n. filth, ordure. — adj. dirty. 
tDickies, n. a severe scolding. Cf. Dixie. 
Dicky, n. the hedge-sparrow. 
Dicky, >i. in phr. ' up to dicky,' tip-top, up to 

date. 
Diet, v. to dictate. 
tDictionar, n. a dictionary. 
Diddle, v. to shake, jog ; to move like a 
dwarf ; to keep time with the feet to a tune ; 



to jog up and down ; to dance or walk with 
short, quick steps ; to sway to and fro ; to 
dandle, as one does a child. — n. a shake, a 
jog ; a jingle of music. 

Diddle, n. a swindle, fraud. 

Diddle, v. to sing in a low tone without 
words. — n. a tune in a low key. Cf. 
Deedle. 

Diddle, v. to busy one's self with trifles ; to 
show great energy with little result. — ». 
trifling activity ; a dawdler. 

Diddler, n. a trickster, a cheat. 

Diddler, n. a dawdler. 

Diddler, n. a person who can hum a tune for 
others to dance to. 

Diddling, n. fiddling ; keeping time with the 
feet ; dandling. 

Diddling, ppl. adj. apparently busy ; untrust- 
worthy. 

Die, n. a toy, plaything, gewgaw. 

Died, n. a meal, diet. 

Diel, n. devil. Cf. Deil. 

Dien-done, adj. quite done. 

Diet, n. an excursion, journey ; the meeting 
of an ecclesiastical assembly ; the fixed day 
for holding a market ; the stated time of 
public worship, &c. 

Diet-book, n. a diary. 

Diet-loaf, ». a large sponge-cake. 

Diet-time, n. meal-time. 

Diffame, v. to defame. Cf. Defame. 

Differ, v. to separate, cause difference be- 
tween. — n. difference, a misunderstanding. 

Differ, v. to defer, yield to. 

Difference, v. to differentiate. 

Differr, v. to delay, procrastinate. 

tDifficil, adj. difficult ; reluctant. 

Difficult, v. to perplex ; to render difficult. 

Diffi.de, v. to distrust. 

Digaal, n. a bad scrape ; an awkward fix. 
Cf. Dichel. 

Dig-for-silver, n. a children's singing game. 

Diggot, n. a contemptuous name given to a 
child, implying some dishonourable action. 

Dight, adv. properly, fitly. 

Dight, v. to winnow corn ; to prepare. Cf. 
Dicht. 

Dighter, n. a winnower of grain. Cf. Dichter. 

tDigne, adj. worthy. 

Dignities, n. dignitaries. 

tDignosce, v. to distinguish. 

Dike, n. a wall ; a vein of whinstone travers- 
ing coal-strata ; ,i causeway or track ; a 
fault or fissure in the stratum. — v. to dig, 
to pick with a pick-axe, &c. ; to build 
a 'dike'; to fence in with a 'dike'; phr. 
'dike inhauld,' to enclose within walls or 
ramparts. 

Dike-end, ;/. a ' dike ' built on the ebb-shore, 
running seaward, to cut off access to the 



Dike-hopper 



i33 



Dint 



arable land through the ebb, and thus pre- 
vent cattle from trespassing. 

Dike-hopper, n. the wheatear. 

Dike-king, n. the game of ' rax,' as played by 
boys. 

Dike-louper, n. an animal given to leaping 
fences ; an immoral person, a transgressor. 

Dike-loupin', ppl. adj. fence-breaking, that 
cannot be kept within fences ; loose, 
immoral. 

Dike-queen, n. the game of ' rax ' as played 
by girls. 

Diker, n. a builder of ' dikes.' 

Dike-sheugh, n. a narrow trench or ditch 
alongside a ' dike. ' 

Dike-tip, n. the top of a ' dike.' 

Dikie, n. a low wall, a small ditch ; in phr. 
' to loup the dikie,' to die. 

Dilate, v. to accuse, delate. 

Dilator, n. an informer, accuser. 

Dilature, «. legal postponement, delay. 

Dilder, v. to shake, jerk ; to dribble, ooze, 
trickle, glide ; to trifle, waste time, work 
carelessly. — n. a smart jerk, a jolt. 

Dildermot, n. an obstacle, a great difficulty. 

Diled, ppl. adj. stupid ; crazed. Cf. Doilt. 

Dileer, v. to intoxicate. Cf. Deleer. 

Dileerious, adj. extremely foolish. Cf. De- 
leer. 

tDiligenoe, n. a writ of execution ; a warrant 
to enforce the attendance of witnesses or 
the production of documents. 

Dilip, n. a legacy. 

Dill, v. to conceal ; to calm ; to assuage, re- 
move ; with down, to subside, die down. 

Dill, v. to flap, shake loosely. 

Dillagate, n. a delicacy, a dainty. Cf. 
Delicate. 

Dillow, n. a noisy quarrel. 

Dilly, Dilly-castle, n. a boys' name for a sand- 
castle on the beach, on which they stand 
till it is washed away. 

Dilly-dally, n. an indolent woman. 

Dilly-daw, n. one who is slow and slovenly. 

Dilmont, «. a two-year-old wedder. Cf. Din- 
mont. 

Dilp, n. a trollop, a thriftless housewife ; a 
heavy, lumpish person. — v. to walk with 
long steps ; to stalk. 

Dilse, n. dulse, an edible seaweed. 

Dilser, n. the rock- or field-lark. 

Dim, n. midsummer twilight between sunset 
and sunrise. 

Dimit, v. to pass into ; to terminate. 

Dimment, n. a wedder of the second year, or 
from the first to the second shearing. Cf. 
Dinmont. 

Dimple, v. to indent, make an impression ; 
used of a stream : to ripple, not to flow 
still or sluggishly. 



Din, n. report, fame ; loud talking. 

Din, adj. dun, dingy, sallow. — 11. a dun colour. 

Dine, n. dinner. 

tDing, adj. worthy. 

Ding, v. to smash, beat to powder ; to over- 
come ; to excel ; to discourage, vex ; to 
drive ; to dash down ; to cut bark in short 
pieces for the tanner ; of rain : to fall 
heavily or continuously. — n. a blow. 

Ding, v. used imprecatively. 

Ding-dang, adv. in rapid succession ; ding- 
dong ; pell-mell, helter-skelter. — n. noise, 
clatter, confusion. 

Dinge, v. to indent, bruise. — n. an indenta- 
tion, a bruise. 

Dinging, n. a beating. 

Dinging on, ppl. raining heavily. 

Dingle, v. to jingle. 

Dingle, v. to draw together. — n. the state of 
being drawn together, a group, gathering. 

Dingle, v. to dangle ; to vibrate, resound, 
tremble ; to tingle, thrill. 

Dingle-dangle, adv. swaying to and fro or 
from side to side. 

Dingle-dousie, -douzie, n. a. stick ignited at 
one end, swung about by a child in play ; a 
jack-in-the-box. 

Dingle't, adj. stupid, stupefied. 

Ding-me-yavel, phr. lay me flat, used as an 
expletive. 

Dink, n. a dint, indentation, bruise. — v. to 
sit down with a bang. 

Dink, adj. neat, finely dressed ; dainty, nice, 
squeamish. — v. to deck, adorn, dress up. 

Dinkie, adj. neat, trim. 

Dinkly, adv. neatly. 

Dinle, v. to shake, vibrate, tremble ; to tingle 
with cold or pain ; to cause to shake. — n. 
vibration ; a thrilling blow, a tingling sensa- 
tion ; a slight sprain ; a vague report ; a 
slight noise. 

Dinlin', ppl. adj. rattling. — n. a tingling 
sensation. 

Din-luggit, adj. having dun-coloured ears. 

Dinmont, n. a wedder from the first to the 
second shearing. 

Dinna, Dinnae, v. neg. do not. 

Dinna good, adj. worthless morally. 

Dinna gude, n. a disreputable person past all 
hope of doing good. 

Dinnel, Dinnle, v. to vibrate ; to tingle. Cf. 
Dinle. 

Dinnen-skate, «. the young of the fish Rata 
batis. 

Dinner, v. to dine. Cf. Denner. 

Dinneas, n. sallowness. 

Dinnous, adj. noisy. 

Dint, n. a blow, shock, impression ; a moment- 
ary opportunity. — v. used of fairies: to 
injure cattle, elf-shoot. 



Dint 



i34 



Disformed 



Dint, n. affection. Cf. Dent. 

Dintle, n. a thin species of leather. 

Diocy, 11. a diocese. 

Dip, n. a fluid for dipping sheep to kill ver- 
min. — v. to dip sheep in that fluid ; to sit 
down ; with in, to join at intervals in a 
conversation ; with upon or on, to deal 
with, discuss ; to concern, approximate to. 

Dipin, n. part of a herring-net ; the bag of a 
salmon-net. 

Dippen, «. the stairs at a river-side. 

Dipper, n. a Baptist. 

Dipping, n. a mixture of boiled oil and grease 
used by curriers to soften leather. 

Dipthaery, n. diphtheria. 

Dird, n. a blow, onslaught, an achievement. 
— v. to beat, thump, dump, dash. — adv. 
with violence, heavily. 

Dirder, ». a driver, whipper-in, dog-breaker. 

Dirdoose, v. to hurt, to thump. 

Dirdum, Dirdom, Dirdrim, n. a tumult ; 
damage; passion, ill -humour; a great 
noise, a noisy sport ; severe scolding ; 
blame ; a stroke, blow ; a squabble ; a 
woman that has been jilted ; in pi. ridicule, 
disgustful slanderings, twinges of conscience. 

Dirdum-dardum, n. an expression of con- 
tempt for an action. 

Dirdy-lochrag, n. the lizard. 

Dirdy-wachle, n. the lizard. 

Direck, v. to direct. — adv. directly. 

Direction-book, n. a book of household recipes 
for cooking, &c. 

fDirgie, Dirige, n. a funeral feast ; a dirge. 

Dirk, adj. thickset, strongly made. Cf. Durk. 

Dirk, v. to grope in utter darkness. — adj. 
dark. Cf. Durk. 

Dirl, «. a tremulous stroke ; a sharp stroke ; 
a blow ; a vibration ; a vibrating sound ; 
a thrill ; anxious haste, hurry ; a twinge 
of conscience ; a thrilling pleasure or pain 
of body or mind. — v. to pierce, drill ; to 
tingle, thrill ; to emit a tingling sound ; 
to move with the wind ; to vibrate noisily ; 
to produce loud vibrations ; to rattle ; to 
move briskly. 

Dirler, n. a vibrating stick that strikes the 
large bolter of a mill. 

Dirr, adj. torpid, benumbed ; insensible, des- 
titute of physical or moral feeling. — v. to 
be benumbed ; to deaden pain by narcotics. 

Dirr, «. a loud noise, ' racket. ' 

Dirray, n. disorder. Cf. Deray. 

Dirt, n. a term of contempt, used for worth- 
less persons or things, or troublesome 
children. 

Dirt-bee, n. the yellow fly that haunts dune- 
hills. 

Dirten, ppl. fouled with excrement ; dirtied ; 
miry, mean, contemptible. 



Dirten-allan, «. the Arctic gull, Richardson's 
skua. 

Dirten-gab, n. a foul-mouthed person. 

Dirtenly, adv. in a dirty way. 

Dirt-fear, n. great, excessive fear affecting 
the intestines. 

Dirt-feared, adj. in excessive fear. 

Dirt-flee, «. the yellow fly that haunts dung- 
hills ; a young woman who, after having 
long remained single from pride, at last 
makes a low marriage. 

Dirt-fleyed, adj. in excessive fear. 

Dirt-haste, n. extreme haste, as if the power 
of retention were lost. 

Dirt-house, n. a close-stool ; a privy. 

Dirtrie, n. despicable, good-for-nothing people, 

Dirty, adj. used of weather : wet, stormy ; 
of land : infested with weeds ; mean, con- 
temptible, paltry. 

Dirty-allan, n. Richardson's skua. 

Dirty-coal, n. pure coal mixed with shale, 
stones, &c. 

Dirty-drinker, 11. one who drinks alone and 
for the love of drinking. 

Dis, v. does. 

Disabeeze, Disabuse, v. to misuse, abuse; to 
mar, spoil. — n. a stir, disturbance. 

Disabil, n. dishabille ; untidiness. 

Disagreeance, //. disagreement. 

Disaguise, v. to disguise. 

Disassent, v. to dissent, disapprove. 

Disaster, v. to injure seriously ; to disgust.— 
n. disgust. 

Disbust, n. an uproar, broil. 

Diseerne, v. to decree. Cf. Decerne. 

Dischairge, v. to forbid, prohibit, charge not 
to do. 

Disclamation, n. disclaiming one as the 
superior of lands ; refusing the duty which 
is the condition of tenure ; repudiation. 

Discomfish, v. to discomfit, defeat. 

Discomfist, ppl. overcome. 

Discomfit, v. to put to inconvenience. 

Disconform, Disconformed, ppl. adj. not con- 
formable. 

Discontigue, adj. not contiguous. 

Disconvenience, «. an inconvenience.— ». to 
inconvenience. 

Disconvenient, adj. inconvenient. 

Discoursy, adj. conversable. 

Discover, v. to uncover ; to take off one's hat. 

Discreet, adj. civil, obliging, courteous, polite. 

Discreetness, n. politeness, civility. 

Discretion, n. courtesy,' hospitality. 

Discuss, v. to fight with a man-of-war. 

Disdoing, adj. not thriving. 

Diseirish, v. to disinherit, cast off; to put 
in disorder through officious or improper 
meddling. 

Disformed, adj. deformed. 



Disfriendship 

Disfriendship, n. animosity, disaffection. 

Disgeest, Disgest, n. digestion. — v. to digest. 

Disgeester, «. digestion ; the stomach. 

Disgushle, v. to distort by rheumatism, &c; 
to warp by the action of heat. 

Dish, v. to make the spokes of a wheel lie 
obliquely towards the axle ; used of a horse : 
to splay the forefeet in running; to 'do 
for,' outwit, get the better of; with out, to 
serve a dish. 

Dish, v. to push or thrust with horns, butt. 

Dish, v. to rain heavily. 

Dishabilitate, v. to incapacitate legally. 

Dishabilitation, n. the act of rendering a 
child incapable of succeeding to a father's 
estate, titles, &c. 

Dishalago, n. the tussilago or colt's-foot. Cf. 
Dishilago. 

Dishaloof, n. a game of children and young 
people, played by placing hand above hand 
on a table, and removing in succession the 
lowermost and placing it on the uppermost. 

Dishaunt, v. to cease to frequent, to forsake. 

Dishaunter, n. a non ■ attender ; a non- 
frequenter of church, &c. 

Dish-browed, adj. having a flat or hollow 
brow. 

Dish-cloot, n. a cloth for washing dishes. 

Disheart, v. to dishearten. 

Disheartsum, adj. disheartening, saddening. 

Disherys, Disherish, u. to disinherit. Cf. Dis- 
eirish. 

Dish-faced, adj. having a flat or hollow face. 

Dishilago, n. tussilago, colt's-foot. 

Dishings, n. a beating. 

Dishle, v. to move, run. Cf. Dissle. 

Dish-man, n. a male hawker of crockery. 

Dish-nap, n. a small tub for washing dishes. 

Dishort, «. a deficiency, loss ; a disappoint- 
ment ; an inconvenience ; a disadvantage ; 
mischief. 

Dish o' want, phr. no food at all. 

Dish-wash, n. dish-water ; thin, poor soup. 

Dishy-lagy, n. colt's-foot. Cf. Dishilago. 

Disjasket, ppl. adj. forlorn, dejected ; broken 
down ; exhausted. 

Disjeest, n. digestion. — v. to digest. 

tDisjeune, Disjune, Disjoon, «. breakfast. Cf. 
Dejeune. 

Disk, «. a half-crown ; a piece of money. 

Dislade, v. to unload. 

Disload, Disloaden, v. to unload. 

tDislock, v. to dislocate. 

Disna, v. neg. does not. 

Disobedient, n. a disobedient person. 

Disobligation, n. a disobliging action. 

tDispach, v. to drive out of. 

tDisparage, n. disparity of rank. 

Dispard, Dispart, Dispert, adj. keen ; violent ; 
incensed ; excessive. — adv. excessively. 



i3S 



Div6 



Disparple, v. to scatter ; to be scattered ; to 

divide. 
Displenish, v. to disfurnish ; to sell off goods, 

stock, &c. on leaving a farm. 
Displenishing sale, «. a sale by auction of 

stock, implements, &c. on a farm. 
Displinis, n. a displenishing sale. 
Dispone, v. to convey to another in legal 

form ; to dispose ; to dispose of. 
Disponee, «. the person to whom property is 

legally conveyed. 
Disponer, n. the person who ' dispones ' pro- 
perty. 
Dispose, n. disposal. — v. with upon, to dispose 

of, deal with. 
Disposition, u. a legal conveyance, a formal 

disposal of property ; deposition, forfeiture. 
Dispurse, v. to disburse. 
Dispute, v. to refuse. 
Disremember, v. to forget. 
Disrespeckit, ppl. unnoticed, neglected. 
Dissipate, v. to disperse a gathering. 
Dissle, v. to drizzle. — n. a drizzle ; wetness 

on standing corn, the effect of a slight rain. 
Dissle, «. an attack. — v. to run, move. 
Dist, n. dust ; the husk of grain, 'sids.' 
tDistan, v. to distinguish. 
Distance, n. difference, distinction. 
Distant, adj. distinct. 
Distinct, adj. definite, not discursive. 
Distract, v. to go distracted ; to become mad. 
Distrenzie, Distrinzie, v. to distrain. 
Distressed, ppl. ill, disordered. 
Distriction, n. distraint. 
Distrubil, v. to disturb. 
Disty, adj. dusty. 
Disty-melder, n. the last quantity of meal 

made from a year's crop ; one's last end. 

Cf. Dusty-melder. 
Dit, Ditt, v. to indulge, fondle, make much of. 
Dit, Ditt, v. to close up, shut up ; to shut the 

mouth. 
Ditch, v. to clean out a ditch. 
Dite, v. to indite, compose ; to dictate to an 

amanuensis ; to point out as duty. 
Ditement, n. anything indited or dictated by 

another. 
Diting, n. composition, inditing, writing. 
Dittay, Ditty, n. an indictment, legal accusa- 
tion ; a scolding. 
Ditty, n. a story. 
Div, v. aux. do. 
Divan, n. a large piece of turf or sod ; a big 

'divot.' 
Divan, n. a small wild plum or kind of sloe. 
Divauld, v. to cease. Cf. Devall. 
Dive, n. putrid moisture from the mouth, &c, 

of a person after death. 
Dive, v. to deafen. Cf. Deave. 
Dive, v. to plunge, hurry forward. 



Diven't 



136 



Dode 



Diven't, v. neg. don't, do not ? 
Diver, n. a debtor, a scamp. Cf. Dyvour. 
Diver, n. the pochard ; the golden-eye. 
Divert, n. an amusement, diversion, a divert- 
ing person. — v. to go out of one's way ; to 

separate, live apart ; to depart ; to amuse. 
Divet, n. a sod, a large piece of turf. Cf. 

Divot. 
Divider, n. a soup-ladle. 
Dividual, adj. individual, particular, identical, 

precise. 
Divie-goo, n. the black-backed gull. 
Diving-duck, n. the pochard, the golden-eye. 
Divna, v. neg. do not. 
Divnin', v. neg. do not ? 
tDivor, n. a debtor. Cf. Dyvour. 
Divot, n. a thin, fiat piece of sod, used as 

thatch ; a lump ; a clumsy, irregular mass 

of anything ; a short, thick, stout person ; a 

sod used as fuel ; a broad, flat necktie. — v. 

to cut ' divots, ' to cover with ' divots. ' 
Divot-cast, 11. as much land as one ' divot ' 

can be cut on. 
Divot-dyke, n. a turf ' dike ' or wall. 
Divoted, ppl. adj. made or covered with 

' divots. 
Divot-happit, ppl. adj. thatched or covered 

with 'divots.' 
Divot-house, -hut, u. a turf-covered house or 

hut. 
Divoting, «. cutting ' divots. ' 
Divot-seat, n. a seat made of ' divots. ' 
tDixie, n. a severe scolding. — v. to scold 

severely. Cf. Dickies. 
Dixie-fixie, n. a state of confinement in prison 

or in the stocks. 
Dixiein, n. a severe scolding. 
Dizen'd, ppl. bedizened. 
Dizzen, n. a dozen ; as much yarn as a woman 

might spin in a day, or a dozen ' cuts.' 
Dizzy, adj. bemused, fuddled. 
Do, v. to suffice ; to have the effect of, cause. 

— n. a swindle. 
Doach, Doagh, n. a salmon-weir or cruive. 
Doak, v. to dock. Cf. Dock. 
Doaver, v. to sleep lightly ; to be half-asleep ; 

to doze ; to stun, stupefy. — n. a light 

slumber ; semi-consciousness. Cf. Dover. 
Dob, n. the razor-fish. 
Dob, v. to peck as a bird ; to prick. — n. a 

prick ; a bird's peck. 
Dobbie, Dobie, n. a fool, booby, clown. 
Dobbie, adj. prickly. 
Docas, ». a stupid fellow. Cf. Docus. 
Doce down, v. to pitch down, pay down. Cf. 

Dossy. 
Doch-an-dorris, n. the stirrup-cup, parting 

glass. Cf. Deuch-an-dorach. 
Docher, n. fatigue, strain ; injury ; deduction. 
Dochle, «. a dull, heavy person. 



Dochlin, adj. soft, silly, foolish. 

Docht, v. pret. could ; availed. — n. power, 
ability. Cf. Douch, Dow. 

Dochter, n. a daughter. 

Dochterlie, adj. becoming a daughter. 

Dochtless, adj. weak ; worthless. Cf. Doucht- 
less. 

Dochtna, v. neg. could not. 

Dochty, adj. strong ; assuming ; malapert. 

Dochy, adj. used of ice : thawing, softening, 
' drug.' Cf. Dauchy. 

Dock, v. to deck, to make one's self look at- 
tractive ; to shorten a baby's clothes ; to 
abridge ; to lessen wages or price ; to cut 
the hair ; to flog on the breech ; to walk 
with short steps or in a conceited fashion. 
— n. a cutting of the hair ; the breech ; the 
peg of a top. 

Docken, n. the dock ; anything worthless. 

Docker, v. to toil as in job-work. — n. a 
struggle. Cf. Dacker. 

Docketie, adj. short, round, and jolly. 

Dockie, n. a bad humour. 

Dockit, ppl. adj. used of words : dipt, minced. 

Dockie, v. to flog on the hips ; to punish. 

Dockus, n. anything very short. Cf. Docus. 

Docky, n. a neat little person taking short 
steps. — v. to move with short steps. 

Docky-doon, n. help in descending from a 
vehicle. 

Doctor, n. an assistant-master in a high school. 
— v. to kill ; to do one's business success- 
fully. 

Doctor-student, n. a medical student. 

Doctory, n. doctoring. 

Docus, n. a stupid fellow. 

Docus, n. anything very short. Cf. Dockus. 

Dod, Dodd, n. a slight fit of ill-temper ; in pi. 
the sulks. — v. to sulk. 

Dod, n. euphemism for ' God,' in excl. 

Dod, prop. n. a familiar form of ' George. ' 

Dod, n. a soft, reddish marble. 

Dodd, v. to be, or be made, hornless. 

Dodd, n. a bare, round hill or fell. 

Dodd, v. to jog ; to jolt in trotting. 

Dodder, v. to shake, tremble ; to potter about, 
dawdle. 

Doddered,^)/, adj. decayed. 

Dodderment, n. one's deserts, recompense. 

Doddle, v. to walk feebly, ' toddle ' ; with 
about, to wag, to move from side to side. 

Doddle, v. to dandle a child. Cf. Doodle, 
Deedle. 

Doddy, Doddie, adj. hornless ; bald.— «. a 
hornless cow or ox. 

Doddy, adj. sulky ; surly ; peevish ; pettish. 

Doddy, prop. n. a familiar form of ' George.' 

Doddy-mitten, u. a worsted glove without 
separate divisions for the four fingers. 

Dode, n. a slow person. 



Dodge 



i37 



Doitrified 



Dodge, n. a large cut or slice of food. 

Dodge, v. to jog, trudge along. 

Dodgel, v. to walk infirmly, hobble ; to jog on. 

Dodgel, n. a large piece, a lump ; a lumpish 
person. 

Dodgel-hem, n. the hem made by sewing down 
the edges of two pieces of cloth which have 
been run up in a seam ; a ' splay ' hem. 

Dodger, n, a slow, easy-going person. 

Dodgie, adj. thin-skinned, irritable. 

Dodgill-, Dodjell-reepan, n. the meadow- 
rocket, supposed to produce love. 

Dodle, v. to trouble, bother. 

Dod-lip, n. a pouting lip. 

Dodrum, n. a whim, fancy. 

Dodaake, int. for God's sake. 

Doe, n. the wooden ball used in ' shinty ' or 
hockey. 

Doeler, n. anything large ; a large marble. Cf. 
Dollar. 

Doer, n. a legal agent, steward, factor to a 
landlord. 

Dof art, adj. stupid ; dull ; dismal. — n. a 
stupid, dull fellow. Cf. Dowfart. 

Dog, n. a sawyer's implement to hold timber 
together ; an iron implement, hook-shaped, 
for lifting stones ; the trigger or hammer of 
a pistol ; a blacksmith's lever used in horse- 
shoeing, &c. ; a name given to various 
atmospheric appearances ; a dog-fish ; used 
in excl. and mild oaths. 

Dog, v. with up, to wrangle, threaten to fight. 

Dog-a-bit, n. a mild oath. 

Dog-dirder, n. a caretaker of dogs. 

Dog-dirt, n. ruin, bankruptcy. 

Dog-dollar, n. a coin worth £2, 18s. Scots. 

Dog-drave, -drive, -driving, n. ruin, bank- 
ruptcy. 

Dog-drug, n. ruinous circumstances. 

Dog-foolie, n. a sea-bird. 

Dogger, n. a coarse ironstone. 

Doggerlone, n. wreck, ruin. 

Doggie-hillag, n. a small hillock with long 
grass. 

Doggies, n. a child's feet. 

Doggindales, n. clouds of mist clinging to hill- 
sides, betokening southerly winds. 

Doggie, Dogle, n. a boys' common marble. 

Doghead, n. the hammer of a firelock ; the 
part of the lock that holds the flint. 

Dog-hip, -hippin, n. the fruit of the dog-rose. 

Dog-hole, n. an opening at the foot of a house- 
wall to give the dogs access. 

Dog-hook, n. an instrument of sawyers, &c, 
for holding timber together or moving heavy 
logs. 

Dog-ling, n. a young ling or cod. 

Dog-luggit, adj. dog-eared. 

Dog-nashicks, n. a species of gall-nut on the 
leaves of the trailing willow. 



Dogont, n. a mild oath. Cf. Dagont. 
Dog-rowan, n. the berry of the red elder. 
Dog-rowan-tree, n. the red elder. 
Dog-rung, n. one of the spars connecting the 

' stilts ' of a plough. 
Dog's oamovyne, n. weak-scented feverfew. 
Dog's drift, n. ruin. 

Dog's gowan, n. weak-scented feverfew. 
Dog's helper, n. a person of mean appearance. 
Dog's lug, n. a ' dog's-ear ' in a book. 
Dog's lugs, «. the foxglove. 
Dogs ont, n. a mild oath. Cf. Dagont. 
Dog's paise, n. the lady's fingers. 
Dog's siller, n. the yellow rattle or cock's- 

comb ; its seed-vessels. 
Dog's tansy, n. the silver weed. 
Dog-sure, adj. quite certain. 
Dog's wages, n. food alone as wages for 

service. 
Dog-thick, adj. very intimate. 
Dog-tired, adj. very tired. 
Dog-trot, n. a jog-trot, a steady pace. 
Dog-winkle, n. the shell-fish Ptirpura lapillus. 
Doichle, n. a dull, stupid person. — v. to walk 

in a dreamy, stupid state. Cf. Doychle. 
Doid, n. a fool ; a sot. Cf. Doit. 
Doighlin, n. a drubbing. 
Doil, n. a piece of anything, as bread. 
Doilt, adj. stupid ; crazed, confused. — n. a 

foolish man. 
Doing, ppl. phr. 'to be doing,' to maintain 

the status quo ; to make no change in one's 

procedure ; to be content with ; to bear 

with. 
Doing, n. a friendly party or entertainment. 
Doingless, adj. lazy, inactive. 
Doing-off, -up, n. a scolding ; a clearance of 

scores. 
Doish, Doisht, 11. a heavy blow, thump. 
Doist, n. a sudden and noisy fall ; the noise 

made by it. 
Doister, n. a hurricane ; storm from the sea ; 

a strong, steady breeze. 
Doistert, ppl. adj. confused ; overwhelmed 

with surprise. 
Doit, n. an obsolete copper coin of the value 

of one-twelfth of a penny sterling ; a trifle, 

money ; a small share or piece ; a mite. 
Doit, n. a species of rye-grass. 
Doit, /;. a fool, a numskull. — v. to grow feeble 

in mind ; to walk stupidly, blunder along ; 

to stupefy, puzzle. — adj. stupid, mazed. 
Doited, ppl. adj. foolish, childish ; stupefied ; 

in dotage. 
Doitelt, ppl. adj. enfeebled. 
Doiter, v. to walk as if stupefied or indolent ; 

to walk feebly or totter from old age ; to 

dote ; to become superannuated. 
Doitered, ppl. adj. confused, stupid, imbecile. 
Doitrified,///. adj. dazed, stupefied. 



Doken 



138 



Dooket 



Doken, n. a dock. Cf. Dockeu. 

Dolbert, n. a blockhead, a 'dunderhead.' Cf. 

Dulbart. 
Doldie, n. a big, fat, clumsy person. 
Doldrum, n. low spirits and ill-temper ; any- 
thing very big. 
Dole, n. fraud ; a design to circumvent ; malice. 
Dole, n. misfortune. Cf. Dool. 
Dole, n. a 'doxy.' 

Dole-bread, n. bread given as a dole. 
Doleful, adj. troublesome, vexatious. 
Doler, n. anything large. Cf. Dollar. 
Doleas, adj. idle ; thriftless ; incapable ; help- 
less. Cf. Dowless. 
Dolf, adj. dull, melancholy ; frivolous. Cf. 

Dowf. 
Doll, n. a smartly dressed young woman ; a 

term of affection; the 'harvest-maiden.' 

Cf. Maiden. 
Doll, n. pigeons' dung. 
Doll, 11. a dole ; a large lump of anything. 
Dollar, n. a five-shilling piece ; a small, thick 

biscuit ; a boys' large marble, three or four 

times larger than an ordinary one ; in pi. 

money. 
Dollar-bake, n. a small, thick biscuit of the 

circumference of a crown-piece. 
Doll in, n. phr. a call used by children to enter 

school. 
Dollop, n. a lump, a large piece ; ' the lot. ' 
Doll-wean, n. a doll. 
Dolly, k. a silly, ' dressy ' woman. — adj. silly, 

'dressy.' 
Dolly, n. an old-fashioned iron oil-lamp ; a 

' crusie. ' 
Dolly, adj. dull ; spiritless ; possessing no 

power of excitement ; failing mentally 

through age in poetic composition. Cf. 

Dowie. 
Dolly-oil, n. oil used for burning in a ' dolly ' ; 

oil of any kind. 
Dolp, n. the posteriors ; the end of a thing. 

Cf. Doup. 
Doltard, n. a dolt ; a dull, stupid fellow. 
Dolver, n. anything large ; a large apple ; a 

large marble. 
fDomage, n. damage. 
Dome, n. a dwelling-place of any kind. 
Domeror, «. a madman. 
Domicile, n. household articles, excluding 

clothing. 
Dominie, n. a slightly contemptuous name for 

a minister ; a schoolmaster. 
Don, n. an adept, proficient ; a favourite, a 

leading spirit ; an intimate acquaintance. 
+Don, «. a gift. 
Do-nae-better, «. a substitute, when one can 

find nothing better. 
Do-nae-gude, n. one likely to do no good ; a 

thoroughly worthless fellow. 



Donal'-blue, «. the jelly-fish. 
Donald, u. a glass of spirits. 
Donald, n. the last small stack brought from 

the field to the cornyard. 
Donar, -a. to stupefy. Cf. Donner. 
Donator, n. one who received an escheat. 
Doncie, «. a booby, a clown. Cf. Donsie. 
Done, ppl. and ppl. adj. outwitted ; exhausted, 

tired ; worn-out with fatigue, illness, old 

age, &c. 
Donel, n. a glass of spirits. Cf. Donald. 
Donie, n. a hare. 
Donkey-beast, n. a donkey. 
Donn'd, ppl. adj. fond, greatly attached. 
Donner, Donnar, Donnor, v. to stupefy, stun. 
Donner-bee, n. a bumble-bee, drum-bee. 
Donnering, ppl. adj. walking stupidly. 
Donnert, ppl. adj. in dotage; stupid, dazed.— 

n. a blockhead, fool. 
Donnertneas, «. stupidity. 
Donnery, n. a clothes-moth. 
Donnot, Donnat, Donot, n. a good-for-nothing 

person. 
Donsie, n. a stnpid, lubberly fellow. — adj. 

unlucky ; weak, sickly ; dull, stupid, heavy, 

dunce-like, dreamy ; depressed. 
Donsie, adj. neat, trim ; affectedly neat, self- 
important ; saucy, restive, testy. 
Donsielie, adj. in poor health. 
Dontibour, n. a courtesan. 
Doo, n. a dove ; a term of endearment. 
Doo, n. an infant ; a child's doll. 
Doobie, n. a dull, stupid fellow; a dunce. Cf. 

Dobbie. 
Doobie, adj. double. 
Doocot, n. a dovecot. 
Doocot-hole, n. a pigeon-hole. 
Doodle, v . to dandle ; to lull an infant to sleep. 
Doodle, v. to drone on the bagpipe. 
Doodle, v. to hum over a dance-tune when 

no instrumental music is to be had. Cf. 

Deedle. 
Doodlie, n. a nursery name for the little finger. 
Doof, n. a stupid fellow. — v. to render stupid. 

Cf. Dowff. 
Dooff, n. a blow with a soft body ; a dull, 

heavy blow ; a hollow, sounding fall, like a 

loaded sack coming to the ground. — v. to 

strike forcibly, fall heavily. 
Dooffart, Doofert, n. a dull, soft fellow.— adj. 

stupid, feeble, spiritless ; dull, melancholy. 

Cf. Dowfart. 
Dook, n. a stout peg or wedge driven into a 

plastered wall to hold a nail, &c. ; the bung 

of a cask.— v. to bung a cask; to drive 

home a ' dook.' 
Dook, n. an inclined road or ' dip ' in a mine. 

Cf. Douk. 
Dook, v. to cluck ; to bathe. Cf. Douk. 
Dooket, n. a dovecot. 



Dookie 



i39 



Doon-moo't 



Dookie, 11. a Baptist. Cf. Douk. 

Dookin'-pool, 11. pond for ducking witches, &c. 

Dool, n. a blow with a flat surface. — v. to 
beat, thrash. 

Dool, n. the ' den ' or goal in a game ; a 
boundary mark in an unenclosed field. — 
v. with off, to fix the boundaries. 

Dool, n. a large piece. Cf. Doll. 

Dool, n. an iron spike for keeping the joints 
of boards together in laying a floor. 

fDool, n. sorrow, grief, misfortune ; mourning 
weeds ; sombre hangings. — adj. sorrowful, 
mournful. 

Dool-a-nee, int. alas ! 

Dool-eharged, adj. sorrow-charged. 

Dooless, adj. inactive. Cf. Doless. 

Doolful, adj. sad, sorrowful ; troublesome, 
annoying. 

Dool-hill, n. a hill formerly occupied by a 
castle or place of refuge. 

Doolie, adj. sorrowful, gloomy, solitary. 

Doolie, n. a hobgoblin, spectre ; a scarecrow. 

Doolie-doomster, n. a spectre. 

Doolie-yates, n. ghost-haunted gates. 

Dool-like, adj. having the appearance of 
sorrow. 

Doolloup, n. a steep glen in which two 
' haughs ' are exactly opposite each other. 

Doolsome, adj. sad, sorrowful. 

Dool-string, n. a long string worn on the hat 
as a sign of mourning. 

Dool-tree, n. a gallows ; a tree or post on 
which evil-doers were hanged in the exer- 
cise of the power of ' pit and gallows. ' 

Dool-tree, n. a tree which marks the goal in 
playing ball. 

Dool-weeds, n. mourning garb. 

Doolzie, n. a frolicsome, thoughtless woman. 

Doom-hour, n. the last hour ; the hour of doom. 

Doomie, n. a mischievous sprite. 

Dooming, n. sentence, judgment ; destiny. 

Dooms, adj. great. — adv. extremely, exceed- 
ingly. — n. a great sum. 

Doomster, n. the official who formerly pro- 
nounced the death-sentence in a criminal 
court ; a judge. 

Doon, n. the goal in a game ; the place used 
for playing it. 

Doon, adv. extremely. 

Doon,///. adj. done, worn-out. 

Doon, prep. down. — adj. down ; laid down, 
sown, fixed down ; confined to bed by 
illness ; knocked down ; far gone in drink- 
ing, drunk. — adv. down ; in reduction of 
rent, price ; in payment of cash instead of 
credit. — v. to upset; to overthrow; to 
throw in wrestling ; to fell, knock down ; 
with take, to dilute spirits, &c, by adding 
water, &c. 

Doona, v. neg. do not, ' dinna. ' 



Doon-bearing, n. oppression ; the pain or 
signs of approaching parturition. 

Doon-brae, adv. downwards. 

Doon-broo, n. a frown. 

Doon-bye, adv. clown below, down yonder. 

Doon-casting, adj. grieved, sorrowful, de- 
pressing. — n. depression. 

Doon-come, n. a heavy fall of rain, snow ; a 
descent, fall in the market, means, or social 
position. 

Doon-comin', n. a heavy fall of rain, &c. 

Doon-cryin', n. disparagement, depreciation. — 
adj. disparaging, deprecatory. 

Doon-ding, n. a heavy fall of rain, snow, sleet. 

Doon-drag, n. what keeps a person down in 
the world ; a dead-weight ; a sin or weak- 
ness that acts as a drag ; a person who is a 
grief or disgrace to his family. 

Doon-draucht, n. a gust of wind sending 
smoke down a chimney ; any thing or 
person that is a reproach or a moral dead- 
weight. 

Doon-draw, «. a cause of depression, reproach, 
or disgrace. Cf. Doon-drag. 

Doon-draw, v. to launch a boat. 

Doon-drawin', n. a feast at Beltane on launch- 
ing a fishing-boat for the fishing. 

Doon-drug, n. a 'doon-drag.' 

Doon-efter, adj. following downwards. 

Dooner, adj. lower, nearer the bottom. 

Doonermaist, adj. lowest, farthest down. 

Doonfa', n. a fall of rain, snow ; a slope ; 
descent of food, &c. , in swallowing ; low 
ground at a mountain-foot whither sheep 
retire in winter ; a reverse, misfortune. 

Doon-gang, n. used of a person who has a 
very large appetite. 

Doon-had, n. hindrance, drawback, check ; 
what represses growth, &c. 

Doon-hadden, ppl. adj. repressed, kept in 
check, kept down. 

Doon-haddin', ppl. adj. repressing, oppressive, 
holding down. 

Doon-head, n. a grudge, pique. 

Doon-head-clock, n. the dandelion. 

Doon-hill, n. a castle or refuge on a hill ; a 
'dool-hill.' 

Doon-lay, n. a heavy fall of snow, &c. 

Doon-leuk, n. a frowning face ; disapproval, 
displeasure. 

Doon-leuking, adj. supercilious ; condescend- 
ing ; morose- looking. 

Doon-lie, n. a grave, a resting-place. 

Doonlins, adv. very, in a great degree. 

Doon-looking, adj. unable or unwilling to look 
one in the face. 

Doon-lying, n. a woman's confinement. 

Doonmaist, adj. lowermost. 

Doon-moo't, adj. melnncholy, in low spirits, 
' down in the mouth.' 



Doon-pour 



140 



Dortor 



Doon-pour, u. a heavy fall of rain. 

Doon-proud, adj. very proud. 

Doon-richteous, adj. downright. 

Doons, adv. extremely. Cf. Doon. 

Doon-aeat, //. a settlement as to situation. 

Doon-set, -sit, n. a settlement, provision, 
especially in marriage ; a location, a home 
in marriage. 

Doon-set, n. any work that depresses or over- 
powers ; a 'doon-come'; a scolding that 
silences. 

Doon-sett, n. a downward stroke. 

Doon-setter, n. a ' settler ' ; what settles an 
argument. 

Doon-sinking, «. the sun-setting ; depression, 
melancholy. 

Doonsins, adv. very, exceedingly. Cf. Doon. 

Doon-sitting, n. a sitting down to drink ; a 
drinking-bout ; a sederunt or session of 
a church-court ; a settlement ; a location ; 
a home or settlement in marriage. 

Doon-stroy, v. to destroy. 

Doon-sway, n. a downward impetus or direc- 
tion. 

Doon-tak, n. anything enfeebling the body or 
mind. 

Doon-takin, n. reduction in price. 

Doon-the-brae, phr. towards the grave. 

Doon-through, adv. in the low or flat country. 

Doon-throw, v. to upset, overthrow. 

Doon-toon, n. down the village. 

Doon-weicht, n. overweight. 

Doon with, adv. downwards. — n. a declivity. 
— adj. downward. 

Doon-worth, n. a declivity. 

Doop, n. the end of an egg, candle, or any- 
thing ; the bottom of a person, animal, or 
thing ; a moment ; the end of a day, month, 
year, &c. — v. to bump on the buttocks ; 
to duck down suddenly ; of darkness : to 
descend. Cf. Doup. 

Door-band, n. a door-hinge ; the iron band 
by which a hinge is fixed to the door. 

Door-board, n. the panel of a door. 

Door-cheek, n. a door-post ; a threshold. 

Door-crook, n. a door-hinge. 

Door-deaf, adj. vzrj deaf, deaf as a door-nail. 

Door-drink, n. a stirrup-cup. 

Door-head, n. the lintel of a door. 

Doorie, n. a game of marbles, played against 
a wooden door. 

Door-land, n. a plot of ground near a door. 

Door-nail-deafness, n. stone-deafness. 

Door-neighbour, n. a next-door neighbour. 

Door-sill, n. a threshold. 

Door-sneck, n. a door-latch. 

Door-stane, n. the flagstone at the threshold 
of a door. 

Door-step, n. the landing-place at a door. 

Door-stoop, ». a door-post. 



Doo's cleckin, 11. a family of two. 

Doose, adj. gentle ; hospitable ; sedate, grave ; 

Sober-minded ; virtuous, neat, comfortable. 

— adv. gently ; soberly. Cf. Douce. 
Doosey, n. a punishment among men and boys 

by bumping the posteriors on the ground. 
Doosht, n. a. soft, heavy blow ; a heavy fall or 

throw. — v. to strike with a soft, heavy blow ; 

to bump; to throw in a violent, careless 

manner. 
Doosil, v. to beat, thump. — n. a thump, blow. 
Doot, v. to doubt. 

Dootious, adj. cherishing an unpleasant con- 
viction. 
Dootsome, adj. doubtful, uncertain, apprehen- 
sive. 
Doozil, 11. an uncomely woman ; a lusty child. 
Doozy, adj. uncomely, unpleasant. 
Dorbel, n. anything unseemly in appearance. 
Dorbie, n. a stone-mason, hewer, or builder. 
Dorbie, adj. sickly, weakly ; soft, sleepy, lazy. 
Dorbie, n. the red-backed sandpiper, the dunlin. 
Dorbie-brither, n. a fellow stone-mason. 
Dorbie's knock, n. a peculiar knock, as a 

Freemason's signal. 
Dordermeat, ». a bannock or piece of oatcake 

formerly given to farm-servants after loosing 

the plough, between dinner and supper. 
Dore-oheek, n. a door-post. 
Doreneed, 11. the youngest pig of a litter. 
Dore-stane, n. a threshold-stone. 
Dorlach, Dorloeh, n. a truss, bundle ; a 

valise ; a quiver ; a sheaf of arrows. 
Dorlach, n. a short sword ; a dagger. 
Dorlack, h. a large piece of anything. 
Dorle, n. a piece of anything ; a portion of 

food. 
Dornel, n. a horse-dealers' name for the 

fundament of a horse. 
Dornell, n. darnel. 
Dornick, Dornock, n. linen cloth, formerly 

made at Tournay, for table use ; diaper, 
Doraicle, n. the viviparous blenny. 
Dornoch-law, >i. execution before trial; sum- 
mary justice. 
Dornton, Dorntor, n. a slight repast. Cf. 

Dortor. 
Doroty, ». a. doll, puppet ; a very diminutive 

woman. Cf. Dorrity. 
Dorra, n. a net fixed to a hoop of wood or 

iron, used for catching crabs. 
Dorrity, n. a doll ; a tiny woman ; the name 

Dorothy. 
Dort, n. a pet, sulks. — v. to sulk, to become 

pettish; with at, to overnurse. — adj. sulky, 

pettish. 
Dortilie, adv. saucily, pettishly. 
Dorting, n. sulkiness. 
Dortor, n. a slight repast; food taken between 

meals. Cf. Dordermeat. 



Dortour 



141 



Dough 



fDortour, Dortor, n. a bedchamber, dormi- 
tory; a sleeping-draught taken at bed-time. 
Dorts, n. a slight repast. 
Dorty, adj. spoilt, pettish, proud, haughty, 

conceited ; used of plants : difficult to rear 

except in certain soils. 
Dorty-pouch, n. a saucy person. 
Dose, v. to drug, stupefy. — n. a large quantity. 
Dose, v. to spin a top so rapidly that it seems 

motionless ; to spin rapidly round. Cf. 

Doze. 
Dosen, v. to benumb, stupefy, daze ; used for 

' damn ' in imprecation. Cf. Dozen. 
Doss, n. a tobacco-pouch. 
Doss, v. with down, to throw one's self down ; 

to sit down violently; to pay down smartly. 

Cf. Dossie. 
Doss, v. with about, to go about one's business 

properly ; to do neatly, exactly ; with up, 

off, to trim, adorn. — n. an ornament. — adj. 

neat, spruce. 
Dossach, v. with with, to treat, nurse tenderly ; 

to overnurse ; to gain, win. — n. overtender 

nursing. 
Dossan, n. the forelock. 
Dossick, n. a small truss or bundle. 
Dossie, n. a small heap. 
Dossie, n. a neat, well-dressed person. — adj. 

well-dressed. 
Dossie, v. with down, to pay, or throw down 

money in payment ; to toss down. 
Dossins, n. human ordure. 
Dosslie, adv. with neatness and simplicity 

combined. 
Dossness, n. neatness. 
Dost up, ppl. neatly dressed. 
Dot, n. a diminutive person or thing ; walking 

with short, quick steps ; a short sleep. — v. 

to walk with short, quick steps ; to fall into 

a short sleep. 
Dot and go one, phr. the walk of a lame 

person whose legs are not equal. 
Dotch, v. to dangle. 
Dote, n. a 'doit'; next to nothing. 
Dote, n. a dowry ; an endowment. — v. to 

endow ; to give as a salary. 
Dother, n. daughter. Cf. Dochter. 
Dotrified, ppl. adj. dazed ; stupefied. Cf. 

Doitrified. 
Dotter, v. to stagger, totter, walk unsteadily 

or as if paralysed ; to become stupid with 

age, &c. — n. a totter, a stagger. Cf. Doiter. 
Dottered, ppl. adj. doting in old age. 
Dotterel, n. a silly person, a dotard. 
Dottet, ppl. adj. stupefied. Cf. Doit. 
Dottie, v. to 'dotter.' 
Dottle, Dottal, Dottel, n. a small particle ; a 

plug, a stopper ; the unconsumed tobacco 

remaining in a pipe ; the core of a boil. 
Dottle, n. a fool, dotard.— adj. silly, crazy, in 



dotage ; of weak intellect ; stupid from 

drink. — v. to be in dotage, become crazy; 

to hobble from age and infirmity ; to walk 

with short, quick steps. 
Dottle-trot, n. the quick, short step of an old 

man ; the old man's walk. 
Dotty, adj. imbecile, half-witted ; in dotage. 
Doubie, n. a booby. Cf. Dobbie. 
Double, adj. used of a letter of the alphabet : 

capital. — n. a duplicate, a copy. — v. to make 

a copy ; to repeat ; to clench the fists. 
Double-breasted, adj. used of a word : long, 

not easily understood. 
Double-down-come, n. a mode of measuring 

yarn by a ' reel. ' 
Double-sib, adj. related both by father and 

mother. 
Doublet, n. a sleeved jacket or waistcoat ; in 

pi. clothes in general. 
Doubt, v. to apprehend or expect with a 

measure of certainty ; to suspect ; to have 

an unpleasant conviction. 
Douce, adj. gentle, kind, pleasant ; sedate, 

sober-minded, grave; respectable; prudent; 

modest, virtuous; tidy, neat, soft, soothing; 

not giddy or frivolous. 
Douce, v. to strike. — n. a blow. Cf. Douse. 
Douce-gaun, adj. prudent, circumspect. 
Douce-like, adj. quiet, respectable in appear- 
ance. 
Douce-looking, adj. grave-looking, of quiet, 

sober appearance. 
Doucely, adv. sweetly, gently, kindly ; quietly, 

sedately, soberly. 
Douceness, n. the quality of being 'douce.' 
Doucht, n. a stroke, a blow ; strength, ability, 

power. Cf. Dought. 
Doucht, v. pret. was able, could. Cf. Dow. 
Douchtless, adj. weak, feeble. 
Douchty, adj. doughty ; vigorous of body ; 

used ironically of deeds that promise much 

and perform little. 
Doud, n. a woman's cap with a caul. 
Doudle, n. the root of the common reed-grass. 
Doudle, v. to dandle. Cf. Doodle. 
Doudle, v. to drone on the bagpipe. Cf. 

Doodle. 
Doudler, Doudlar, n. the roots of the bog- 
bean. 
Douf, v. to become dull. — n. a dullard. Cf. 

Dowf. 
Douff, v. to strike forcibly. — n. a dull, heavy 

blow. Cf. Doof. 
Douffert, n. a blow. 

Douffie, adj. shy ; backward. Cf. Dowffie. 
Doufness, n. dullness, melancholy. 
Douf on, v. to continue in a dull, slumbering 

state. 
Dough, n. a dirty, useless, untidy person. 

Cf. Daigh, Duff. 



Dought 



142 



Dowcht 



Dought, n. strength, might, ability, power ; a 
deed. 

Dought, v. pret. could ; was able. 

Doughtless, adj. weak, worthless, pithless. 

Doughty, adj. strong, powerful, stout ; mala- 
pert, saucy. 

Doughy, adj. half-baked; 'soft'; foolish; 
cowardly. Cf. Daighie. 

Douhale, «. an easy-going fellow, one who 
does not object to being regarded as a fool. 

Douk, «. a wooden wedge driven into a wall. 

Douk, v. to duck ; to plunge or dip into 
water; to bathe; to dive. — n. a dive, a 
bathe ; the condition of being drenched with 
rain ; as much ink as a pen takes up. 

Douk, n. duck, sailcloth. 

Douk, v. to bow the head or body hastily in 
obeisance ; to incline the head for any 
purpose in an unseemly way ; to duck so 
as to avoid suddenly ; to ' jouk.' 

Douker, Doucker, n. a diving bird ; the tufted 
duck ; the pochard ; the golden-eye ; the 
didapper ; a bather. 

Douket, n. a dovecot. 

Doukie, n. a Baptist. 

Doukin, n. a ducking, drenching. 

Douking-stool, n. the cucking-stool. 

Doul'd, ppl. adj. fatigued. 

Doulie, n. a. hobgoblin ; a scarecrow. Cf. 
Doolie. 

Doumineer, v. to stupefy, pester with much 
talk ; to weary. 

Doun, adv. down. Cf. Doon. 

Douna, v. neg. cannot ; dare not. 

Doun-draugh, n. overburdening weight, op- 
pression. 

Douner, v. to stupefy ; to muddle. Cf. 
Donner. 

Doling, v. to dash, 'ding.' 

DounniTis, adv. a little way downwards. 

Dounwith, adv. downwards. 

Doup, n. the bottom or end of anything, as 
an egg, candle, day, &c. ; the breech or 
buttocks ; a moment ; a cavity. — v. to 
dump, thump ; to thump or bump the 
posteriors ; to stoop, incline the head or 
body downwards ; used of night : to de- 
scend ; of the weather : to become gloomy. 

Doup-scour, «. a fall on the buttocks. 

Doup-scud, adv. with a heavy fall on the 
buttocks. 

Doup-skelper, n. one who beats the buttocks ; 
a schoolmaster. 

Doup-wark, n. work at the bottom of a 
weaving-machine. 

Dour, Doure, adj. hard, stern, stiff; sullen, 
sulky, stubborn, unyielding ; used of weather, 
&c. : severe, hard ; of soil : barren, stiff to 
work ; of ice : rough ; of a task, &c. : difficult 
to accomplish; slow in learning, backward. 



Dour, v. to slumber lightly ; to be half-asleep. 
Cf. Dover. 

Dourdon, n. appearance. 

Dourie, n. a dowry. 

Dourin, ppl. dozing, slumbering, 'dovering.' 
Cf. Dover. 

Dourlach, n. a bundle, truss. Cf. Dorlach. 

Dourly, adv. pertinaciously, stubbornly. 

Dourness, n. obstinacy, stubbornness ; melan- 
choly, gloom ; severity. 

Dour-seed, n. a species of oats, slow in 
ripening. 

Douse, v. to strike, knock ; to extinguish ; to 
throw down with a bang, to pay down 
money. — n. a blow ; a dull, heavy blow ; 
the sound of such a blow. 

Douse, adj. solid ; gentle ; sober. Cf. Douce. 

tDoush, «. a douche ; a dash of water. — v. to 
duck, plunge ; to dash water. 

Dousht, n. a heavy blow, &c. Cf. Doosht. 

Douss, v. to strike. Cf. Douse. 

Doussle, v. to beat soundly. 

Dout, v. to doubt. 

Dout, «. a penny Scots ; a ' doit.' Cf. Doit. 

Douth, adj. dull, dispirited, melancholy ; 
gloomy, causing melancholy. 

Douth, adj. snug, comfortable, in easy circum- 
stances. 

Douth, n. shelter. 

Doutish, adj. doubtful. 

Doutless, adv. doubtless. 

Doutsum, adj. hesitating, uncertain. Cf. 
Dootsome. 

Douzie, n. a light of any kind, a spark. Cf. 
Dingle-douzie. 

Dove, v. to be half-asleep ; to be in a doting, 
foolish state. 

Dove-dook, «. the tussilago or colt's-foot. 

Dovened, ppl. adj. benumbed with cold ; 
deafened with noise. 

Dover, v. to fall into a light slumber, be half- 
asleep, doze ; to stun, stupefy, ' daver.' — n. 
a light slumber ; semi-consciousness ; a 
faint, swoon. 

Dovering, ppl. adj. occasional, rare. 

Dovie, adj. stupid, apparently weak-minded. 
— n. a stupid person, an imbecile. 

Dow, n. a dove ; a term of endearment. 

Dow, v. to be able to ; with neg. to be 
reluctant to do; to thrive, do well. — 
n. worth, value. 

Dow, v. to betake one's self ; to hasten. 

Dow, v. to wither, decay ; to grow stale or 
putrid ; to doze, fall into a sleepy state, 
' dover ' ; to trifle with, perform carelessly. 
— adj. doleful, gloomy. 

Dowatty, n. a silly, foolish person. 

Dowbart, n. a stupid fellow. Cf. Dulbart. 

Dowbreok, n. a species of fish. 

Dowoht, v. pret. could. Cf. Dow. 



Dow-cot 



i43 



Draff-sack 



Dow-cot, n. a dovecot. 

Dowd, n. a woman's dress-cap with a caul. 
Dow'd, v. prel. could. Cf. Dow. 

Dow'd, ppl. adj. not fresh, pithless ; used of 
water, &c. : flat, dead ; of meat : luke- 
warm, not properly hot. 

Dow'd fish, n. fish that has been drying for a 
day or two. 

Dowdie, adj. fading, withering. 

Dowdies, n. a child's feet. 

Dowdy, n. an old woman. 

Dowf, adj. melancholy, gloomy ; hollow ; 
silly ; inactive ; rotten ; dull to the eye, 
hazy ; unfeeling ; worthless, paltry ; in- 
fertile. — n. a. dull, heavy person, a fool. — 
v. to render stupid ; to become dull. Cf. 
Douf. 

Dowfart, n. a dull, stupid fellow, a ' duffer.' 
— adj. dull, stupid, inefficient, spiritless ; 
dumpish. 

Dowff, v. to strike a dull, heavy blow. — n. a 
dull, heavy blow. 

Dowffie, adj. low-spirited, melancholy ; dull, 
inactive ; stupid ; shy. 

Dowffy-hearted, adj. lacking courage. 

Dowfness, n. melancholy, sadness. 

Dowie, adj. sad, mournful, dismal ; inclined 
to decay ; languid, weak, ailing. — adv. 
sadly, wearily. Cf. Dolly. 

Dowie-like, adj. sad-looking, sorrowful. 

Dowiely, adv. sadly, wearily. 

Dowieness, n. sadness. 

Dowiesome, adj. sad, rather melancholy. 

Dowiewise, adj. sad, sorrowful, rather 'dowie.' 

Dowk, v. to duck ; to dip ; to bathe. Cf. 
Douk. 

Dowl, «. a large piece. Cf. Doll. 

Dowl, v. to weary, to fatigue ; to depress. 

Dowl-eap, v. to cover the head by drawing 
anything over it. 

Dowless, adj. lazy, helpless, unthrifty, without 
energy, unprosperous ; unhealthy. 

Dowlie-horn, n. a horn that hangs down in 
cattle. 

Dowlie-horned, adj. with drooping horns. 

Dowly, adv. dully, sluggishly, feebly ; sadly. 

Down, adj. sown ; laid down. Cf. Doon. 

Downa, v. neg. cannot, want inclination. Cf. 
Dow. 

Downa-do, n. exhaustion of age. 

Downans, n. green hillocks. 

Down-sinking, n. sinking of heart. 

Dowp, n. the buttocks ; the end of anything. 
Cf. Doup. 

Dowre, adj. hard, stern ; stubborn. Cf. 
Dour. 

Dox, n. a sweetheart. 

Doxie, adj. lazy, slow, restive. 

Doxy, n. a sweetheart ; a wench. 

Doyce, Doyse, v. to give a dull, heavy blow. 



— n. a dull, heavy blow ; the flat sound 
caused by the fall of a heavy body. Cf. 
Douse. 

Doychle, n. a dull, stupid person ; a sloven. — 
v. to walk in a dull, dreamy state. 

Doylooh, n. a crazy person. 

Doyst, v. to fall with a heavy sound ; to throw 
down. — n. a sudden fall, the noise made 
by falling. Cf. Doyce. 

Doyte, v. to walk stupidly, blunder along. — 
n. a fool. — adj. stupid. Cf. Doit. 

Doze, v. to spin a top so rapidly that it seems 
motionless ; to spin round rapidly. 

Doze, 11. a dose ; as much as one takes of 
liquor at a time. 

Doze, v. used of straw, hay, wood : to become 
spoiled by fungus growths. 

Doze-brown, adj. snuff-coloured ; fox-col- 
oured. 

Dozed, ppl. adj. used of wood : decayed, un- 
sound. 

Dozen, «. in phr. ' baker's dozen,' thirteen ; 
' fisher's dozen,' twenty. 

Dozen, v. to benumb, stupefy, daze ; to be- 
come torpid ; to be impotent ; to become 
spiritless ; used as an imprecation, to 
' damn.' 

Dozent, ppl. adj. benumbed ; stupid ; im- 
potent ; spiritless. 

Draa, v. to draw. 

Draan, ppl. drawn. 

Draatch, v. to be slow in movement or 
action. 

Drabble, Drable, v. to make wet or dirty ; 
to slobber ; to draggle ; to besmear. — n. a 
slattern ; a person of dirty habits ; in pi. 
food dropped on clothes while eating ; 
spots of dirt. 

Drabble, ». a small quantity of liquid or 
semi-liquid stuff ; inferior food. 

Drabblich, n. inferior food, 'drabble.' 

Drabbly, adj. used of the weather : wet ; of 
soil : muddy ; spotted with ' drabbles. ' — 
«. a child's bib. 

Drabloch, ». refuse, trash, applied to very 
small potatoes and bad butcher-meat. 

Drachle, n. one who is slow in action or 
movement ; a laggard. — v. to straggle, drag 
slowly along ; to splash or soil with mud. 
Cf. Draggle. 

Drachling, adj. lazy, easy-going. 

Drachted, ppl. designing, crafty. Cf. Draucht. 

Drack, v. to soak, drench. Cf. Drawk. 

Draed, v. pret. dreaded. 

Draff-cheap, adj. very low in price. 

Draff-pock, n. a sack for carrying draff or 
grain ; an imperfection, a flaw ; a term of 
reproach. 

Draff-sack, n. a sack for holding grain or 
draff; a lazy glutton. 



Draffy 



144 



Draffy, adj. used of draff; of inferior quality, 

applied to liquor brewed from ' draff.' 
Draft, «. animals selected from a herd, &c. ; 

a picture. — v. to select animals from a herd, 

&c. Cf. Draucht. 
Draft-ewe, n. a ewe withdrawn from the flock 

as one of the best, or as past breeding. Cf. 

Draucht-ewe. 
Draft-gimmer, n. a gimmer put aside as unfit 

for breeding. 
Drag, n. a toil, hindrance, encumbrance. 
Draggle, v. to soak or soil with rain, &c. ; to 

straggle, drag slowly on ; to moisten meal, 

flour, &c. — n. a. wet, muddy condition, a 

soaking with rain or mud ; an untidy 

person ; a feeble, ill-conditioned person. 
Dragon, n. a boys' kite, made generally of 

paper. 
Dragouner, n. a dragoon. 
Drag-tae, n. a ' drag-to ' or rake. 
Draible, v. to draggle ; to besmear ; to drop 

food on one's clothes. — n. a slattern ; a spot 

of dirt ; a drop of food on the clothes. Cf. 

Drabble. 
Draibly, n. a child's bib. — adj. used of clothes : 

spotted with dropped food. Cf. Drabbly. 
Draich, Draick, ». a lazy, lumpish, useless 

person. 
Draicky, adj. slow, spiritless, lazy. 
Draidgie, n. a funeral feast ; a burial service. 

— adj. ominous of death ; pertaining to a 

'draidgie.' Cf. Dirgie. 
Draig, n. a dirty, low-lying place ; an untidy, 

disordered place. 
Draighie, n. a lazy, useless person. Cf. 

Draich. 
Draigie, n. a funeral feast ; a dirge. Cf. 

Dirgie. 
Draigie, v. to draggle ; to trail in the mud. 

Cf. Draggle. 
Draigie, «. a small quantity. 
Draigled, Draiglit, ppl. adj. dirty, splashed 

with mud ; used of ' stooks ' : soaked with 

rain. 
Draiglers, n. the invaders in the game of 

1 het rows and butter-baiks. ' 
Draigle-tail, n. a trailing, mud-bespattered 

skirt. — adj. splashed with mud. 
Draigliu, ». a small quantity. 
Draiglin, n. a soaking with rain or mud ; a 

wet, dirty condition. 
Draigly, adj. dragging the feet wearily. 
Draigon, n. a boys' paper kite. Cf. Dragon. 
Draik, n. an untidy, disordered condition. Cf. 

Draig. 
Draik, Drake, v. to soak, drench. Cf. Drawk. 
Drain, u. a drop ; a small quantity of liquor. 
Dram, n. a glass of whisky. — v. to drink, 

tipple. 
Dram, adj. indifferent, cool ; melancholy. 



Draucht 

raw meal and water. Cf. Dram- 



Dramacb, 

mach. 
Dram-drinking, n. tippling. 
Dram-glass, n. a wine-glass used for whisky, 

&c. 
Dram-hearted, adj. depressed, melancholy. 
Drammach, «. a mixture of raw meal and 

water. Cf. Drammock. 
Dramming, n. tippling. 
Drammlichs, n. small pieces of oatmeal leaven 

adhering to a bowl or kneading-board. 
Drammock, n. a mixture of raw meal and 

water. 
Dram-shop, n. a public-house. 
Drandering, n. the chorus of a song. 
Drangle, v. to dawdle, loiter, linger. 
Drant, v. to drawl ; to drone ; to pass time 

slowly. — n. a slow, drawling tone. 
Drap, n. a drop ; a small quantity of liquid ; 

a sugar-plum ; a small shot ; a weight of 

nearly 10 oz. — v. to drop ; to fall ; to die ; 

to rain slightly ; used of animals : to give 

birth to young. 
Drap, n. a thick woollen cloth used for cloaks, 

coats, &c. 
Drap awa', phr. to die in succession. 
Drap-glasses, phr. to drop the white of an 

egg into a glass of water, and from the 

shape it assumes to predict the future ; a. 

custom on Fastern's Eve. 
Drap 0' dew, n. a little whisky. 
Drappie, ». a little drop or quantity ; with the, 

drink, whisky. 
Drappikie, n. a very small quantity of liquid ; 

the usual modicum of liquor. 
Drappit, ppl. adj. dropped here and there ; 

occasional. 
Drappit-eggs, n. eggs dropped into a pan to 

be cooked or fried. 
Drappit-scones, ??. scones made like pancakes. 
Drap-ripe, adj. dead-ripe ; quite ready. 
Drap's bluid, phr. related by blood. 
tDraptaberrie, n. cloth made at Berry, in 

France. 
Drateh, v. to linger. 
Drate, v. pret. and ppl. voided excrement. Cf. 

Drite. 
Draucht, Draught, n. convulsive breathing ; 

a load to be carried or drawn ; what is 

carted at a time ; a plan, scheme, policy, 

design ; a lineament of the face ; a method 

of producing a fancy design from plain 

healds in weaving ; light grain blown away 

in winnowing ; the entrails of a. wolf or 

sheep. — v. to breathe convulsively. 
Draucht, Draught, n, a money draft ; a sketch ; 

a photograph. — v. to draft from a flock ; to 

draw. 
Draucht,' Draught, n. a ditch as a farm bound- 
ary; the land enclosed within such a ditch. 



Draucht-ewe 



MS 



Dreeping-roast 



Draucht-ewe, n. a ewe picked out for fatten- 
ing or selling if fat. 

Drauchtiness, n. artfulness, craftiness. 

Drauchty, adj. designing; artful; crafty; 
capable of artfulness. 

Drauk, v. to drench. — n. damp, wet weather. 
Cf. Drawk. 

Drauky, adj. used of the weather : damp, wet. 

Draunt, v. to drawl ; to drone. Cf. Drant. 

Drave, n. a drove of sheep or cattle ; a shoal 
of fishes ; a draught of herrings ; a crowd of 
people. 

Drave, v. pret. drove. 

Draw, v. to drag ; to get on together, agree ; 
to withdraw ; to cart ; in curling : to make 
a careful shot ; to select animals from a 
herd or flock ; to let off water from a mill- 
pond, &c. ; to extract the entrails of poultry 
or game ; to draw straw for thatching ; to 
filter through or ooze ; to infer, conclude. — 
«. a tug, wrench ; a carefully played shot 
in curling ; a short smoke of tobacco ; a 
draught of air. 

Draw a leg, phr. to fool or trick. 

Draw aside with,J>Ar. to frequent, consort with. 

Drawback, «. a hindrance, obstruction. 

Drawboy, n. a boy formerly employed by 
weavers to pull the cords of their harness. 

Draw cuts, phr. to cast lots with various 
lengths of paper slips, &c. 

Drawers'-head, n. the top of a chest of 
drawers. 

Drawing, n. dragging or pulling girls about 
in a romp ; making a careful shot in curling. 

Drawing the sweer-tree, n. a ' tug of war ' 
with a swingle-tree. v 

Drawk, v. to drench, soak. — «. damp, wet 
weather. 

Drawky.aa^'. used of the weather: wet, drizzly, 
rainy. 

Drawl, v. to be slow in action. 

Drawlie, adj. slow of movement, slovenly. 

Draw-ling, «. bog-cotton or moss-crop ; the 
tufted club-rush. 

Draw-moss, n. bog-cotton, the sheathed 
cotton-sedge. 

Drawnt, v. to drawl ; to drone. Cf. Drant. 

Draw the table, phr. to clear the table. 

Draw til, -to, v. to come to regard with 
interest or affection ; to incline to ; to give 
signs of approaching rain, &c. ; to take a seat 
at table. 

Draw up, v. to increase a bid or offer ; to 
court ; to come together in marriage. 

Dread, v. to look forward with anxiety; to 
suspect. — ». suspicion. 

Dreader, n. a suspicious person, one given to 
suspicion ; terror. — v. to fear. 

Dreadour, «. fear, dread.— v. to fear, dread. 
Cf. Died dour. 
10 



Dreaming-bread, -cake, «. bride's cake or 
christening-cake, pieces of which are laid 
under the pillow to be dreamt on. 

Drean, n. the branch of a bramble. 

Drear, n. dreariness. 

Drearisome, adj. dreary, wearisome, lonely. 

Drearisomeness, n. loneliness. 

Dreck, n. a dirty, low-lying place ; an untidy 
state. Cf. Draig. 

Dreddour, Dreder, n. dread, fear.— v. to 
fear. 

Dredge, Dredge-box, «. a dredger for sprink- 
ling flour, pepper, &c. 

Dredgie, n. a funeral service ; a funeral feast ; 
a dirge. — adj. ominous of death. Cf. Dirgie. 

Dree, v. to endure, suffer, undergo ; to bear 
pain, burden, &c. ; to last, endure ; to suffer 
from anxiety. — n. suffering ; a protracted, 
tiresome tune or song. 

Dreech, adj. long, slow, tedious, tiresome ; 
tardy, dilatory ; continuous ; slow to pay, 
begin, or move ; dreary, dull. Cf. Dreich. 

Dreed, v. to dread. — ». dread ; what one 
dreads. 

Dreedle, v. to dwindle, fade slowly. Cf. 
Driddle. 

Dreeful, adj. sad, foreboding. 

Dreegh, u. a dwarf, pigmy. Cf. Droich. 

Dreegh, adj. slow. Cf Dreich. 

Dreek, adj. slow ; tedious ; protracted. Cf. 
Dreich. 

Dreel, v. to drill ; to move or run quickly ; 
used of a spinning-wheel, &c. -. to rotate 
quickly, to work quickly and smoothly ; to 
scold, reprove smartly. — n. a swift, violent 
motion ; energy, ' birr,' rapid movement ; 
work speedily got through ; of v/ind : a 
hurricane ; a spell of stormy weather ; a 
scolding ; a drill. 

Dreeling, n. swift and smooth motion ; a 
severe scolding. 

Dreen,pp/. driven. 

Dreep, v. to drip, drop slowly ; to cause to 
drip ; to drain a bottle, &c. ; to drop, 
descend perpendicularly, to let one's self 
down ; to walk slowly ; to do anything 
slowly and dully. — n. a dripping condition ; 
a ditch ; a drip ; dripping from a roast ; the 
eaves, the spot where eave-drops fall. 

Dreep, «. a humiliating disappointment. 

Dreep, n. a term used in the game of marbles ; 
in phr. 'play dreep,' to play for stakes. 

Dreepend, n. dripping of a roast ; perquisites ; 
a fat income or living. 

Dreepie, adj. used of the weather : dripping, 
wet. 

Dreeping, n. a dripping, drop, dreg ; drink, 
liquor. 

Dreeping-roast, n. a constant good income, a 
fat living with perquisites. 



Dreeping-wet 



146 



Dring 



Dreeping-wet, adj. soaked to the skin, very 
wet. 

Dreeple, v. to trickle, fall in drops. — re. a 
small quantity of liquid. 

Dreeplick, Dreeplickie, «. a very small quan- 
tity of liquid. 

Dreet, v. to void excrement. Cf. Drite. 

Dreetie, v. to fall in drops, or in small quan- 
tities. — re. a small quantity of anything. 

Dreetlick, Dreetlickie, re. very small quantity 
of any liquid. 

Dreetling, ppl. adj. slow, without energy. 
Cf. Druttle. 

Dreg, re. a very small quantity of spirits ; the 
refuse of the still from distilleries ; brewers' 
grains. 

Dreg, 11. a drag, brake. — v. to drag. 

Dreg, re. a funeral feast. Cf. Dirgie. 

Dreg-boat, re. a boat or punt carrying a 
dredger, or carrying away dredgings ; a 
track- or canal-boat drawn by a horse. 

Dreggle, v. to draggle. Cf. Draigle. 

Dreggle, re. a small drop of any liquid. 

Dregg-salt, re. refuse salt. 

Dreggy, adj. consisting of 'dreg'; turbid. 

Dregie, Dregy, re. a funeral feast. Cf. Dirgie. 

Dregle, v. to be tardy, to loiter. Cf. Draigle. 

Dreg-pot, re. a tea-pot, a 'track -pot.' 

Dreg-tow, re. the rope attached to a dredging- 
machine. 

Dreich, re. a stunted, dwarfish person, a 
' droich.' 

Dreich, Dreigh, adj. slow; tedious; persistent, 
continuous ; tardy, dilatory ; slow in paying, 
beginning, ending, moving, &c. ; close- 
fisted, hard in bargaining ; dreary ; dull ; 
wearisome ; in phr. ' dreich i' the draw,' 
'dreich o' drawin',' slow to act. 

Dreichlie, adv. slowly. 

Dreichness, re. slowness ; tedium. 

Dreik, re. excrement. 

Dreip, v. to drip. Cf. Dreep. 

Dreipie, re. an inactive female. 

Dremur't, ///. downcast ; dejected, rendered 
demure. Cf. Drummure. 

Dress, v. to iron linen, clothes ; to scold, 
thrash ; to manure land ; to clean, rub 
down a horse ; to winnow grain. 

Dresser-head, re. the rack or shelf of a kitchen- 
dresser ; the top of a kitchen-dresser. 

Dressing, re. weavers' paste ; a scolding, 
drubbing. 

Dret, Z-. pret. voided excrement. 

Dretch, v. to go heavily and unwillingly ; to 
loiter, dawdle. 

Drib, re. a drop, small quantity of liquid ; a 
drizzling rain ; slaver ; in pi. dregs. — v. to 
drip ; to draw the last milk from a cow. 

Drib, v. to beat, scold, punish ; to drub. 

Dribbing, re. a beating, a scolding. 



Dribbings, re. the last milk drawn from a cow. 
Dribbit, n. a small quantity of anything. 
Dribble, v. to drizzle ; to tipple. — n. a drop, 

small quantity of liquid ; drizzling rain ; in 
pi. dregs. 
Dribble-beards, «. long strips of cabbage in 

broth. 
Dribbler, n. a tippler. 
Dribblick, Dribbliokie, re. a very small quantity 

of liquid. 
Dribbling, re. the dropping of liquid ; in pi. 

the dregs or droppings of a liquid ; the last 

milk drawn from a cow. 
Dribbling, ppl. adj. tippling ; drizzling. 
Dribloch, re. a small quantity of anything ; a 

trifle ; a thing of no value. 
Dridder, v. to dread. Cf. Dreddour. 
Driddle, v. to dawdle, to potter about a thing ; 

to let fall in small quantities, to spill care- 
lessly ; to urinate in small quantities. 
Driddler, re. an idler at his work, loiterer. 
Driddles, re. the buttocks ; the intestines of 

an animal slain for food. 
Driddlins, re. meal forming small lumps in 

water, ' knotted ' meal. 
Drider, v. to dread. Cf. Dreddour. 
Drie, v. to endure. Cf. Dree. 
Driech, adj. slow, tedious. Cf. Dreich. 
Drieshach, re. a bright, blazing fire ; the red 

glow of a peat-fire. 
Drieve, v. pret. drove. 
Driffle, re. a drizzling rain ; a short period of 

storm ; a scolding ; a large quantity of work 

done speedily. — v. to drizzle. 
Driffling, re. small rain. 
Drift, re. a drove of cattle, &c. ; a flock of 

birds ; snow, &c. , driven by wind ; a set of 

fishing-nets; delay. — v. to delay, put off; 

to let anything slide gently through the 

fingers ; used of snow : to be driven by the 

wind ; phr. ' to drift time,' to put off time. 
Drifter, re. a steam-trawler. 
Drift-line, re. a rope to which smuggled kegs 

of spirit were attached and sunk a few feet 

below the surface of the sea by sufficient 

weights. 
Drifty, adj. abounding in driving snow. 
Drill, v. to move quickly. — re. swift, violent 

motion. Cf. Dreel. 
Drily, adj. used of the weather : fine, not 

rainy. 
Drimuck, re. cold water mixed with meal. 

Cf. Drammock. 
Dring, v. to roll, drive forward ; to press 

tightly, to suffocate by strangling. — ». a 

close-fisted person, a miser. 
Dring, Dringe, v. to linger, loiter ; to sing 

slowly and lugubriously ; used of a kettle : 

to sound before boiling. — re. the noise of a 

kettle before boiling. — adj. dilatory, slow, 



Dringing 



147 



Drouble 



Dringing, n. suffocation by strangulation. 

Dringing, ^5/. adj. dawdling. 

Dringle, v. to be slow, dilatory. 

Drink, v. with in, to shrink, become shorter, 
used of the shortening day ; with out, to 
drink off ; with one, to drink his health. 

Drink, n. a lanky, overgrown person. 

Drink-siller, n. drink-money ; a perquisite, 
'tip'; used figuratively. 

Drinking-sowens, n. flummery thin for drink- 
ing, generally with treacle or sugar and 
butter as a relish. 

Drins, ». drops of water. 

Dripple, v. to dribble, trickle. Cf. Dreeple. 

Drite, v. to void excrement. — n. excrement. 

Drither, v. to dread. Cf. Dreddour. 

Drive, v. used of time : to delay, prolong ; to 
hurry ; to throw with force ; to pile up in a 
heap ; to float ashore. — 11. a push, shove ; 
a heavy blow. 

Driver, h. a curling-stone forcibly driven. 

Drizzen, v. to low plaintively, as a cow or ox ; 
to grumble, as a sluggard over his work. — ■ 
n. the low, plaintive sound of a cow want- 
ing food. 

Drizzle, Drizel, v. to let fall slowly in small 
quantities ; to walk slowly. — 11. the scanty 
water in a stream that does not seem to run. 

Drizzling, n. slaver. 

Drob, v. to prick with a needle, thorn, &c. — 
n. a thorn, prickle. 

Droch, n. a dwarf, pigmy. Cf. Droich. 

Drochle, v. to walk with short, uneven steps ; 
to stagger ; to dawdle. 

Drochle, ». a puny person. 

Drochlin, ppl. adj. puny ; lazy ; wheezing. — 
n. a staggering. 

Drocht, n. a drought ; thirst ; dryness. Cf. , 
Drouth. 

Drod, «. a short, thick, clubbish person. 

Drod, n. a rude candle-holder used in visiting 
farm-offices at night. 

Droddum, Drodum, n. the breech. 

Droddum-skelpin', n. and adj. whipping on 
the breech. 

Drodge, v. to do servile work, drudge.— ». a 
person always behind with his work. 

Drodlich, n. a useless mass. 

Drods, n. the pet ; ill-humour. Cf. Dort. 

tDrog, n. a drug. — w. to drug ; to take drugs. 

Drog, n. a buoy attached to the end of a 
harpoon-line, when the whale runs it out. 

tDrogat, Drogget, Droggit, Drogit, it. a coarse 
woollen cloth used for women's gowns ; a. 
cloth made of a mixture of flax and wool. 

Drogester, n. a druggist. 

Droggie, Droggist, n. a druggist. 

Droghle, v. to walk with short, uneven steps ; 
to stagger ; to dawdle. 

Droghlin, ppl. adj. puny, lazy ; wheezing. 



tDrogue, n. a drug. — v. to take drugs. Cf. 

Drog. 
Droich, n. a dwarf ; a short, unwieldy person. 
Droichan, n. any small living animal ; a term 

of reproach. 
Droichle, n. a stout, dumpy person or animal. 
Droichy, adj. dwarfish. 
Droke, v. to drench. — n. meal mixed with 

water. Cf. Drouk, Drawk. 
Drokin, n. a drenching. 
Droll, n. a droll person ; humour, oddity, 

eccentricity ; a droll story or saying. — v. 

to joke. — adj. unusual, strange. 
Drollity, n. a curiosity ; a curio ; an unusual 

thing. 
Dronach, n. penalty. 
Drone, «. a dull, drawling speaker ; the 

lowest boy in a class at school ; the low, 

plaintive sound made by a hungry cow ; 

the bass pipe of a bagpipe. — v. to drawl ; 

to sing in a low, monotonous voice ; to play 

the bagpipe ; used of a cow : to moan 

plaintively. 
Drone, n. the breech, backside. 
Drone-brat, n. an apron formerly worn 

behind. 
Droner, n. a player on the bagpipe ; a 

bumble-bee. 
Drony, adj. slow, sluggish. — v. to doze, 

slumber. 
Droochle, v. to drench. 
Droochlet-like, adj. looking as if drenched. 
Droog, v. to tug, drag at. — n. a rough pull. 
Droog, Droogle, v. to do dirty, heavy work. 
Drook, v. to drench. Cf. Drouk. 
Drookit-oxter, n. a good dowry. 
Drool, v. to trill, cry mournfully. 
Droon, v. to drown. 
Droonyie, v. to moan, complain mournfully. 

— n. a droning song ; the moaning of cattle ; 

the wail of a child when ceasing to cry. 
Droopit, ppl. adj. weakly, infirm, drooping. 
Droop-rumplet, adj. used of horses : drooping 

at the crupper. 
Drooth, n. drought ; thirst. Cf. Drouth. 
Dropper, n. a sudden disappointment. 
Dropping, Droppy, adj. used of the weather : 

showery, wet. 
Drop-ripe, adj. dead-ripe ; quite prepared. 
Dross, n. coal- or peat-dust. 
Drossy, adj. of a gross habit, indicating an 

unwholesome temperament or a bad consti- 
tution. 
Drotch, v. to dangle. 
Drotchell, «. an idle wench ; a sluggard. Cf. 

Dratchell. 
Drotes, n. a derisive term for uppish yeomen 

or ' cock-lairds.' 
Dronble, v. to bellow, as the hart for the 

doe. 



Droud 



148 



Drunt 



Droud, n. a cod - fish ; a. heavy, lumpish 

person ; a worthless female ; a wattled sort 

of box for catching herrings. 
Drouk, v. to drench, soak. — n. a drenching, 

soaking, a soaked condition ; oatmeal mixed 

with water. 
Droukitness, n. the state of being drenched. 
Drouky, adj. wet, drenching. 
Droul, n. in phr. ' in dust and droul,' in dust 

and ashes. 
Droup-rumpl't, adj. used of horses : drooping 

at the crupper. Cf. Droop-rumplet. 
Drouth, n. drought ; a period of fine, drying 

weather ; thirst, dryness ; a thirsty person, 

a drunkard, a tippler. 
Drouthielie, adv. thirstily. 
Drouthiesome, adj. given to drink. 
Drouthieaomeness, ». addiction to drink. 
Drouthy, adj. thirsty ; dry, parching ; craving 

for drink. — «. a thirsty person ; a heavy 

drinker. 
Drove, v. to drive cattle and sheep ; to come 

in droves. — n. a road used for driving cattle. 
Drove, n. a broad chisel, the broadest iron 

used by masons in hewing stones. — v. to 

hew stones for building by means of a 

' drove ' ; to drive horizontal lines on the 

face of the stone with a ' drove. ' 
Drove-sail, n. a sail hanging under water to 

hinder the too rapid motion of a ' dogger ' 

when fishing. 
Droving, n. cattle-driving. 
Drow, n. a fit of illness ; a swoon ; a qualm 

of anxiety. 
Drow, n. a cold, damp mist ; a cloud, shower, 

squall, a ' haar. ' — v. with on, to gather in a 

thick, wet mist. 
Drow, n. a melancholy sound ; a wail ; the 

distant noise of breaking waves. 
Drow, n. a very small quantity of fluid, a drop. 
Drowie, adj. moist, misty. 
Drown, v. to dilute with too much water, &c. ; 

to flood ; to be drowned ; used in expletives 

or as a strong appeal. 
Drowper, n. one who gives way to dejection. 
Drowaying, ». sleepiness, drowsiness. 
Drowth, n. drought ; dryness ; thirst ; craving 

for drink ; a drunkard. 
Drub, v. to beat the ground, trudge, tramp. 
Drubbly, adj. muddy, turbid, dark. 
Drucht, n. drought ; a season of drought. 
Druchty, adj. used of the weather : droughty, 

drying. 
Drucken, ppl. adj. drunk, having drunk. 
Drucken, adj. drunken. 
Drucken-bite, n. food of a kind to encourage 

drinking liquor. 
Drucken-groat, n. a fine for drunkenness ; 

money paid for drink at a penny-wedding ; 

a tippler's expenditure for drink. 



Druckensum, adj. drunken ; given to drink. 

Drudging-box, n. a flour-box, dredger. Cf. 
Dredge. 

Druffy, adj. dull, downcast ; dispirited. 

Drug, n. a tug, a violent pull. 

Drug, adj. slow, dull, dragging heavily ; used 
of ice : moist, not keen, making curling- 
stones go heavily. 

Drug-saw, n. a ' cross-cut ' saw. 

Druidle, Druitle, v. to idle away time ; to 
move slowly. Cf. Druttle. 

Druitlin', n. dawdling, wasting time. 

Druken, Drukken, adj. drunken. 

Drule, n. the goal which players strive to reach. 

Drule, n. a sluggard, a lazy person ; a stupid 
person. 

Drulie, adj. muddy, thick ; muddled. 

Drulie-heidit, adj. thick-headed ; muddled in 
the head. 

Drulled, adj. stupid. 

Drum, n. the drum-shaped part of a threshing- 
mill. — v. to repeat monotonously ; to pore 
over wearily. 

Drum, H. a knoll, ridge, hill. 

Drum, adj. melancholy. Cf. Dram. 

Drumble, Drumle, v. to make muddy ; to 
raise disturbance ; to confuse ; to bedim. — 
n. mud, &c. , raised by troubling water, &c. 

Drumble, v. to move sluggishly ; to murmur, 
to 'maunder.' 

Drumbling, ppl. adj. muddy, turbid. 

Drumlie-droits, -drutshocks, n. blackberries. 

Drumlieness, n. muddiness ; confusion ; ob- 
scurity. 

Drumly, adj. thick, turbid, muddy ; gloomy ; 
confused as to mind ; troubled ; sullen. 

Drumly-voiced, adj. rough-, hoarse-voiced. 

Drum-major, n, a virago, a masculine woman. 

Drummel, v. to render water muddy ; to con- 
fuse. Cf. Drumble. 

Drummel'd, ppl. adj. stupefied, muddled. 

Drummock, n. a mixture of raw meal and 
water. Cf. Drammock. 

Drummoolich, adj. melancholy, in low spirits. 

Drummure, adj. demure ; grave, serious, sad. 
Cf. Dremur't. 

Drummy land, n. wet land of gentle curves 
and with a subsoil of ' till.' 

Drums, n. curved wet lands. 

Drumshorlin, adj. sulky, pettish. 

Drumster, n. a drummer. 

Drune, n. the murmuring sound made by cattle ; 
a slow, drawling tune ; the termination of a 
child's crying after a whipping. — v. to low 
in a hollow or depressed tone. Cf. Drone. 

Drunk, n. a drinking-bout ; a drunk person. 

Drunken, ppl. adj. shrunken. 

Drunken-fu', adj. quite drunk. 

Drunkensome, adj. given to drinking. 

Drunt, n. ill-humour, a pet, sulk. — v. to sulk. 



Drunt 



149 



Duddy 



Drunt, v. to drawl ; to pass the time tediously. 

— n. a drawling style of speech or song. 

Cf. Drant. 
Drury, n. a dowry. 

Druschoch, n. any liquid food of a hetero- 
geneous composition and nauseous appear- 
ance ; a compound drink ; a mixture of 

various drugs. 
Drush, n. dross, scum, refuse ; fragments ; 

peat -dust ; peat broken small. — v. to crush, 

crumble ; to spoil, go wrong. 
Drute, n. a lazy, slovenly, unfeeling person. 
Druther, n. a suspicion, fear, doubt. Cf. 

Dreddour. 
Drutle, v. used of a horse or dog : to stop 

frequently on its way to eject a small 

quantity of dung. 
Druttle, v. to be slow in movement ; to dawdle ; 

to waste time. — n. a useless, good-for-nothing 

person. 
Dry, adj. thirsty ; used of a cow : having 

ceased to give milk ; reserved and stiff in 

manner, not affable. — n. a division in a 

stone where it can be parted; a flaw. — v. to 

make cows go 'dry.' 
Dry-braxy, n. inflammation in the bowels of 

sheep. 
Dry-darn, n. costiveness in cattle. 
Dry-dyke, n. a wall built without mortar. 
Dry-dyker, n. a builder of ' dry-dykes. ' 
Dry-farrand, adj. frigid in manner, not affable. 
Dry-gair-flow, n. the place where two hills 

meet and form a bosom. 
Dry-goose, n. a handful of the finest meal 

pressed very close together, dipped in 

water, and then roasted. 
Dry-haired, adj. cold in manner, not affable. 
Dry-handed, adj. without weapons. 
Drylander, n. one who lives on dry land, 

neither aquatic nor amphibious. 
Dry-like, adv. with some reserve ; without 

frankness. 
Dryll, v. to waste time. 
Dry-lodgings, n. lodgings without board. 
Dry-mou'd, adj. not drinking while others 

drink. 
Dry-multures, n. corn paid to a mill whether 

the payer grinds at it or not. 
Dryness, n. reserve in manner ; want of 

affection ; a coolness between friends. 
Dry-nieves, n. bare hands in fisticuffs. 
Dry-seat, n. a close-stool. 
Dry-siller, n. hard cash, ready money; money 

laid past. 
Drysome, adj. tasteless ; insipid ; tedious ; 

uninteresting. 
Drystane-dyke, n. a wall built without 

mortar. 
Dryster, n. one who has charge of drying 

grain in a kiln or cloth at a bleachfield. 



Dry-stool, ». a close-stool. 

Dry talk, n. an agreement made without 

drinking, and therefore not binding. 
Dryte, v. to void excrement. 
Dryward, adj. rather dry ; dull, prosy. 
Duan, n. the division of a poem, a canto ; 

poem, song. 
Dub, n. a small pool of water ; a puddle ; a 

gutter ; in pi. mud. — v. to cover with mud, 

bedaub. 
Dubback, n. a game at marbles in which the 

' pitcher ' is forcibly thrown at the others. 
Dubbin, n. a mixture of tallow and oil for 

softening leather and preventing boots, &c, 

from getting wet. 
Dubbit, ppl. adj. mud-stained. 
Dubble, n. mud, dirt, &c. 
Dubby, adj. abounding in puddles ; muddy, 

wet, dirty. 
Dubie, adj. doubtful. 

Dubish, adj. suspicious, jealous. Cf. Jubish. 
Dub-skelper, n. one who goes his way regard- 
less of mud and puddles; a rambling fellow ; 

used ludicrously of a young bank-clerk 

whose duty it is to run about giving notice 

that bills are due. 
Dub-water, n. muddy water, water from a 

puddle. 
Ducadoon, n. a ducatoon, worth £% 10s. Scots. 
Duchal, n. an act of gormandising. 
Duchas, n. the ancestral seat ; the holding of 

land in one's birthplace or family estate. 
Ducht, Dught, v. pre/, could. Cf. Dowcht. 
Duchtna, v. neg. could not. 
Duchty, adj. powerful. Cf. Dochty. 
Duck, n. a term of endearment. 
Duck, n. a young people's game in which 

they try to knock off a small stone, or the 

' duck,' placed on a larger. 
Duck-dub, n. a duck-pool. 
Ducker, n. the cormorant. 
Duck-your-head, n. a boys' game. 
Dud, n. a hare. 
Dud, n. a rag ; a soft, spiritless person ; in 

pi. clothes ; dirty, shabby clothes. 
Dudder, v. to shake, quiver, as a sail in the 

wind ; of the wind : to be boisterous. 
Dudderon, n. a person in rags ; a slut, sloven, 

lazy person. 
Duddie, n. a dish turned out of solid wood, 

with two 'ears,' and generally of octagonal 

form on the brim. 
Duddies, n. rags ; garments. 
Duddiness, n. raggedness. 
Duddingston-dinner, n. a sheep's head and 

haggis. 
Duddrie, n. a quarrel, wrangle. 
Duddry, adj. disorderly, rough, ill-shaken 

together. 
Duddy, adj. ragged. 



Duddy 



iS° 



Dum-Tam 



Duddy, re. a hornless ox or cow, a ' doddy. ' 

Cf. Doddy. 
Dudgeon, re. a short clay-pipe. 
Due, adj. indebted, owing. — v. to owe money. 
Dufe, Duff, v. to strike with a soft substance. 

— re. a blow with a soft substance ; the 

sound of sucli a blow. Cf. Dooff. 
Dufe, Duff, re. dough ; the soft or spongy part 

of a loaf, cheese, turnip, &c. ; a soft, spongy 

peat ; a soft, silly fellow ; dry, decomposed 

moss used as litter. 
Duffart, Duffer, re. a blunt, stupid fellow ; 

dull-burning coal. Cf. Dowfart. 
Duffie, adj. blunt, round-pointed. 
Duffle, adj. soft, spongy ; foolish ; cowardly. 

Cf. Doughy. 
Duffifie, v. to lay a bottle on its side for a 

time, when its contents have been poured 

out, that it may be drained of what remains. 
Dufimess, re. sponginess. 
Duffing-bout, re. a thumping, beating. 
Duff-mould, re. dry, decomposed peat, used 

as litter. 
Duffs-luck, re. some special good fortune. 
Duffy, adj. powdery, used of coal that crumbles 

when struck by the poker ; soft, spongy ; 

stupid. — re. a soft, silly fellow. 
Dugget, re. cloth thickened and toughened by 

shrinking. 
Dugind, adj. wilful, obstinate, 'thrawn.' 
Dugon, re. contemptuous expression for a 

poor, weak fellow. 
+Duil, re. sorrow. Cf. Dool. 
Duke, re. a duck. 

Duke, v. to dip ; to bathe. Cf. Douk. 
Duke-ma-lordie, re. a nobleman. 
Dukery-packery, re. trickery. Cf. Jookery- 

pawkrie. 
Duke's-meat, re. the lesser duckweed. 
Dulbart, re. a heavy, stupid person ; a block- 
head. 
Dulder, re. anything large. 
Dulderdum, adj. confused by argument ; in a 

stupor. 
Duldie, re. anything large ; a large piece of 

bread, meat, &c. 
tDule, re. sorrow. Cf. Dool. 
Dule, re. the goal in a game; a boundary of 

land. — v . to mark out limits, fix a boundary. 

Cf. Dool. ' 

Duleuee, int. alas ! 
Duless, adj. feeble, inert, incapable, lazy. Cf. 

Dowless. 
Dulget, re. a small bundle or lump. 
Dull, adj. deaf, hard of hearing. — v. witli 

dawn, to pass out of mind or memory. 
Dullion, re. a large piece ; a large, thick 

bannock of oat- or barley-meal. 
Dullyeart, adj. of a dirty, dull colour. 
Dulse, v. to make dim. — adj. dull, heavy. 



Dulse-man, -wife, re. a male or female seller of 
dulse. , 

Dulshet, re. a small bundle. Cf. Dulget. 

Dult, Dults, n. a dolt, dunce. 

Dultish, adj. stupid, doltish. 

Dumb, adj. used of windows : built up and 
painted outside to resemble glazed windows. 

Dumbarton-youth, re. a person over thirty-six 
years of age, generally applied to a woman. 

Dumb-chaser, n. an imperfectly developed 
ram. 

Dumbfounder, Dumfooner, -founer, -funer, 
v. to dumfound, stun, stupefy by a blow or 
an argument ; to amaze. 

Dumbfoundered, ppl. adj. amazed, perplexed. 

Dumbfounderedly, adv. amazedly, in per- 
plexity. 

Dumbfounderment, re. amazement, bewilder- 
ment, confusion. 

Dumbie, re. a dumb person ; a deaf-mute. Cf. 
Dummy. 

Dumb-nut, re. » ' deaf ' nut, a nut with no 
kernel. 

Dumb-swaul, re. a long, noiseless sea-swell in 
calm, windless weather. 

Dumfoutter, v. to bewilder ; to tease, make 
game of, annoy. 

Dummart, re. a blockhead. 

Dummy, re. a dumb person ; one who is speech- 
less ; a deaf-mute. 

Dum-ned, ». a hard, continuous step in walk- 
ing. 

Dump, v. to set down heavily ; to throw 
down violently ; to thump, beat, kick ; to 
walk heavily, stump with short steps ; to 
strike with a marble the knuckles of the 
loser. — re. a game of marbles played with 
holes in the ground, ' kypes ' ; a stroke on 
the knuckles with marbles ; a game in which 
the winner ' dumps ' the loser's knuckles ; a 
place in which rubbish, &c, is shot ; a blow, 
a bump ; a fit of the dumps. 

Dumpage, adj. sad, melancholy, dumpish. 

Dumpeesed, Dumpest, adj. stupid, dull, 
spiritless. 

Dumph, n. a dull, stupid person, a 'sumph.' 
— adj. dull, stupid. 

Dumpiness, re. the state of being short and 
thick ; shortness. 

Dumpish, v. to depress, make despondent. 

Dumple, re. a quantity, bundle ; a lump. 

Dumple, re. a breakage. Cf. Dimple. 

Dumpling, re. a lump of oatmeal and suet 
boiled in broth. 

Dumps, re. mournful tunes. 

Dumpy, re. a short, thickset person. — adj. 
used of cloth : coarse and thick. 

Dumscnra, re. a children's game, like 'beds.' 

Dum-Tam, re. a bunch of clothes on a beggar's 
back under his coat. 



Dun 



I 5 I 



Dusht 



Dun, re. a hill ; a hill-fort. 

Dun, v. to beat, thump ; to stun with noise. 

Dunbar- wedder, re. a salted herring. 

Dun-bird, re. the female pochard. 

Dunch, v. to push, jog, bump, knock about ; 
to butt with the head. — re. a thrust, nudge, 
bump ; a butt, push, a knock-down blow 
by a bull. 

Dunch, re. a bundle or truss of rags, straw, &c. ; 
one who is short and thick. 

Dunchin'-bull, re. a hornless bull that butts 
with its head. 

Dunchy, adj. short, squat. 

Dunckle, Duncle, v. to dint ; to damage. Cf. 
Dunkle. 

Dundee, Dundeerie, re. a great noise of people 
quarrelling in earnest or in fun. 

Dunder, o. to rumble, give a thundering, re- 
verberating sound. — re. a loud noise like 
thunder ; a reverberation. Cf. Dunner. 

Dunder-clunk, re. a big, stupid person. 

Dunderhead, n. a blockhead. 

Dunderheaded, adj. dull, stupid. 

Dundiefeckan, re. a stunning blow. Cf. Dan- 
diefechan. 

Dune, ppl. adj. done ; exhausted. 

Dung, ppl. adj. beaten, defeated ; overcome 
with fatigue ; dejected. Cf. Ding. 

Dung-by, ppl. adj. confined by illness. 

Dunge, v. to nudge ; to push ; to butt. Cf. 
Dunch. 

Dungel, re. a blow, a 'dunt.' 

Dungeon, re. inpkr. 'dungeon of wit,' a pro- 
found intellect. 

Dung-flee, re. a fly that feeds on excrement. 

Duniwassal, re. used contemptuously of the 
lower class of farmers. 

Dunk, adj. damp. — re. a mouldy dampness. 

Dunkle, re. a dint caused by a blow or fall ; a 
dimple. — v. to indent, make a hollow or 
depression, to damage by dinting ; to injure 
one's character. 

Dunner, v. to rumble ; to give a loud, thunder- 
ing noise ; to reverberate. — re. a loud rum- 
bling noise ; a reverberating sound. 

Dunnerhead, re. a blockhead. 

Dunnerheadit, adj. stupid. 

Dunnerin, re. a loud, thundering sound ; a 
reverberating sound. 

Dunnerin-brae, re. a ' brae ' that gives forth a 
rumbling sound when a vehicle drives over it. 

Dunnie, re. a mischievous sprite. Cf. Doomie. 

Dunniewassal, re. a farmer of the lower class. 
Cf. Duniwassal. 

Dunsch, Dunsh, Dunse, z>. to nudge ; to butt. 
Cf. Dunch. 

Dunsch, re. a bundle of rags, &c; a short and 
thick person. Cf. Dunch. 

Dunshach, re. a heavy, soft blow ; a big, un- 
tidy bundle. 



Dunsheugh, re. a nudge. 

Dunshing, re. the act of pushing, nudging, 
butting. 

Dunt, re. a blow, knock ; a blow causing a 
dull sound ; the sound of a hard body fall- 
ing; a heavy fall; a thump; throb, palpita- 
tion of the heart ; a gibe ; a slanderous lie. 
— v. to beat ; to fall heavily ; to throb, 
palpitate ; with out, to drive out with re- 
peated strokes, to settle a question or dispute ; 
to indent by striking ; to shake together the 
contents of a sack, &c, by striking it on 
the ground; phr. 'done and duntit on,' 
quite done for. 

Dunt, re. a large piece of anything. 

Dunt-about, re. a piece of wood driven about 
at ' shinty,' or like games ; anything knocked 
about in common use as of little value ; a 
servant who is roughly treated and is driven 
about from one piece of work to another. 

Dunter, n. a porpoise. 

Dunter, re. a fuller of blankets, cloth, &c. 

Dunter-goose, re. the eider-duck. 

Dunting, re. a continuous beating, causing a 
hollow sound. 

Dunting-case, re. a prostitute. 

Dunty, re. a 'doxy,' paramour. 

Dunyel, v. to jolt with a hollow sound. 

Dunze, adv. extremely. Cf. Doon. 

Duplickin, re. a duplicate. 

Duply, re. a defender's rejoinder to a pursuer's 
reply. — v. to make a rejoinder. 

Durdam, -den, -don, -drum, -dum, re. strife, 
a row ; uproar. Cf. Dirdum. 

Dure, re. a door. 

Dure, adj. stern ; unyielding. Cf. Dour. 

Durg, re. a day's work. Cf. Darg. 

Durgin, Durgon, re. a big, ill-tempered person. 

Durgy, adj. thick, gross ; short, thickset. 

Durk, re. a dagger, dirk. — v. to stab with a 
dagger ; to spoil, ruin. 

Durk, re. a short, thickset person ; anything 
short, thick, and strong.— adj. thickset, 
strongly made. 

Durken on, v. to become discouraged. 

Durkin, n. a short, thickset person ; anything 
short, thick, and strong. 

Durnal, v. used of the cheeks : to move when 
a flabby person runs or walks very fast. 

Durr, v. to deaden pain by narcotics. Cf. 
Dirr. 

Dursie, adj. obdurate ; hard-hearted. 

Dush, v. to move with force and speed ; to 
butt, push forcibly, thrust; to strike.— re. 
a blow, push, stroke. 

Dushill, re. an untidy female worker. — v. to 
disgust with slovenliness. 

Dusht, v. to strike a heavy blow. Cf. 
Doosht. 

Dusht,///. adj. struck dumb, silenced; silent. 



Dusk 



152 



Dytit 



Dusk, v. to dim, shadow, darken. 

Dusk-maill, n. peat-rent. 

Duosie, adj. obedient, docile. 

Dust, n. chaff; husks of oats ; blacksmiths' 
small coal ; a disturbance, uproar ; money. 
— v. to beat, thrash ; to raise a disturbance. 

Duatyfoot, Dustifit, n. a homeless tramp ; 
a pedlar. 

Dusty-melder, -meiller, n. the last meal made 
from the crop of one year ; the end of life ; 
the last child born in a family. Cf. Disty- 
melder. 

Dusty-miller, n. the common auricula. 

Dut, n. a stupid fellow. 

Dutch, n. tobacco from Holland. 

Dutch admiral, n, a kind of garden flower. 

Dutch-plaise, «. the fish Pleuronectes platessa. 

Dutch-pound, ». a weight of 28 oz. 

Dutch-splay, n. a hem-seam one side of which 
alone is sewn. 

Dute, Dutt, v. to doze, slumber. 

Duthe, adj. substantial, efficient ; nourishing. 
Cf. Douth. 

Duty-multure, «. a yearly duty paid to the 
landlord in money or grain whether the 
tenant ground his corn at the mill or not. 

Duxy, adj. slow, lazy. Cf. Doxie. 

Dwab, adj. feeble. 

Dwable, Dwabil, adj. flexible, limber ; weak, 
feeble ; loose, shaky. — n. a weak, over- 
grown person ; anything long, flexible, and 
so weak. — v. to walk feebly or with falter- 
ing steps. 

Dwably, adj. feeble, shaky, infirm. 

Dwadle, v. to dawdle, lounge ; to waste time. 

Dwaffil, adj. weak, pliable ; not stiff or firm. 

Dwaible, adj. limber ; weak. Cf. Dwable. 

Dwaibly, adj. feeble, shaky. Cf. Dwably. 

Dwall, v. to dwell. 

Dwallion, n. a dwelling. 

Dwam, Dwalm, n. a swoon, qualm, fit of 
illness. — v. to faint, fall ill ; to decline in 
health. 

Dwaminess, n. faintness. 

Dwaming, n. the fading of light. 

Dwaming-nt, n. a fainting-fit. 

Dwamish, adj. faint, like to faint. 

Dwamle, Dwamel, v. to faint, to look like 
fainting. — n. a short swoon, a fit of illness. 

Dwamlock, n. a very sickly person. 

Dwamy, adj. like to faint ; languid, sickly. 

Dwamy, 11. to oppress with labour, harass, 
overcome ; to toil ; to bear or draw a load 
unequally. — 11. oppressive toil ; a rough 
shake or throw ; a large iron lever or turn- 
key for raising stones or screwing nuts for 
bolts ; a stout bar of wood used by carters 
for tightening ropes ; in pi. transverse 
pieces of wood between joists to strengthen 
a floor and prevent swinging. 



Dwanuie, adj. weak, sickly. Cf. Dwine. 
Dwaub, n. a feeble person. 
Dwaum, Dwawm, n. a swoon. Cf. Dwam. 
Dwebble, Dweble, adj. limber ; weak. Cf. 

Dwable. 
Dweeble, Dwibel, adj. limber, weak. Cf. 

Dwable. 
Dwibly, adj. feeble ; shaky. Cf. Dwably. 
Dwine, v. to waste away, languish, decline in 

health ; to fade away, decay, gradually dis- 
appear ; to cause to consume or dwindle ; 

used in imprecations. — n. a decline ; the 

waning of the moon. 
Dwingle, v. to loiter, tarry. 
Dwining, n. a wasting illness, consumption ; 

a fading, dwindling ; the waning of the 

moon. 
Dwinnil, z>. to dwindle ; to pine away ; to 

waste gradually ; to degenerate ; with out, 

to cozen, deprive of by cheating, &c. 
Dwiny, adj. puny, sickly ; ill-thriven. 
Dwybal, Dwyble, adj. limber ; weak. Cf. 

Dwable. 
Dwybe, 11. an overtall, slender, feeble person. 

Cf. Dwaub. 
Dwyne, v. to waste away. Cf. Dwine. 
Dyb, ». a puddle, a pool of water. Cf. 

Dib. 
Dyed-i'-the-woo, phr. naturally clever. 
Dyester, 11. a dyer. Cf. Dyster. 
Dyet, «. a meal, diet. 
Dyet, n. the meeting of an ecclesiastical court 

on a fixed day ; the time appointed for 

public worship, pastoral catechising, &c. 

Cf. Diet. 
Dyke, n. a wall of stone or turf. Cf. Dike. 
Dyke-slouch, -sheuch s «. a ditch or open 

drain at the bottom of a 'dyke.' 
Dykey, n. a game of marbles. 
Dyled, Dylt, ppl. adj. stupefied ; silly. Cf. 

Doilt. 
Dymmond, it. a two-year-old wedder. Cf. 

Dinmont. 
Dyn, n. din. 
Dyoch, ». a drink. 
Dyod, int. a euphemism for ' God. ' Cf. 

Dod. 
Dyrll, v. to pierce; to tingle, thrill. Cf. 

Dirl. 
Dyse, int. used as an imprecation for ' damn.' 
Dyst, 11. a dull, heavy blow ; the sound of a 

heavy body falling. Cf. Doist. 
Dyster, «. a hurricane, storm from the sea ; 

a strong, steady breeze. Cf. Doister. 
Dyster, n. a dyer. 
Dyte, v. to walk with short, sharp steps ; to 

walk crazily, to blunder along stupidly. — 

«. a short, quick step ; a person of small 

stature. Cf. Doit. 
Dytit,///. adj. stupid, 'doited.' 



Dytter 



!53 



Eastin 



Dytter, v. to walk in a stupid way or with 
tottering steps. Cf. Doiter. 

Dyuck, n. a duck. 

+Dyvour, Dyver, Dyvor, n. a debtor, bank- 
rupt ; a rascal, ' broken man,' ' ne'er-do- 



weel'; a. restless, troublesome person. — v. 
to impoverish, make bankrupt. 
Dyvour's hose, n. stockings of different 
colours, formerly worn by those guilty of 
fraudulent bankruptcy. 



E',pron. you. 

Ea, adj. one. Cf. Ae. 

Each, n. a horse. 

Each, n. an adze. 

Eag, v. to egg ; to incite to mischief. 

Eak, n. natural grease from wool or hair. 

Cf. Eik. 
Ealie, int. alas ! an excl. of woe. 
Ealins, n. children of the same age. Cf. 

Eeldins. 
Earn, n. a maternal uncle ; an intimate friend. 

Cf. Erne. 
Ean, adj. one. Cf. Ane. 
Ean, n. a one-year-old horse. 
Eanarnich, ». a strong soup; flesh-juice. Cf. 

Imrigh. 
Eance, adv. once. 

Eand, v. to breathe. — n. breath. Cf. Aynd. 
Ear, n. a kidney. Cf. Near. 
Ear, v. to plough or till land. 
Ear, adv. early. Cf. Air. 
Eard, n. earth ; unploughed land ; one 

ploughing or furrow. — v. to bury ; to cover 

with earth for protection against frost, &c. ; 

to knock violently to the ground. Cf. Yird. 
Eard-bark, n. the roots of tormentil, used for 

tanning. 
Eard-din, n. thunder ; thunder in the earth ; 

an earthquake. 
Eard-drift, n. snow or hail driven off from 

the surface of the earth by the force of the 

wind. 
Eard-eldin, n. fuel of peat or earth. 
Eard-fast, adj. deep-rooted in the earth. — n. 

a stone or boulder firmly fixed in the earth. 
Eard-house, n. a subterraneous house of 

' dug ' stones, roofed with large stones. 
Eard-hunger, n. eagerness for land ; the 

eagerness for food sometimes shown by the 

dying. 
Eard-hungry, adj. ravenously hungry. 
Eard-meal, n. churchyard soil. 
Eard-swine, n. a frightful beast supposed to 

haunt graveyards and batten on corpses. 
Eard-titling, n. the meadow-pipit. 
Earest, adv. especially. Cf. Erast. 
Earl, v. to fix a bargain or engagement by 

paying an earnest. Cf. Ark. 
Earl-duck, n. the red-breasted merganser. 
Ear-leather, n. the loin-strap, passing through 
the crupper and over the kidneys of a 
horse. 



Ear-leather-pin, n. an iron pin for fastening 

the chain by which a horse draws a cart. 
Earm, v. to whine, complain fretfully ; to 

chirp as a bird. Cf. Yirm. 
Earn, n. the eagle. 
Earn, v. to coagulate ; to curdle milk with 

rennet, &c. Cf. Yearn. 
Earn-bleater, -bliter, n. the snipe ; the curlew. 
Earnest, n. a game of marbles in which they 

are staked. 
Earning, n. rennet. 

Earnin'-grass, n. the common butterwort. 
Ear-nit, n. the pig-nut. Cf. Arnot. 
Earock, n. a hen of the first year. 
Earth, n. one ploughing of land. — v. to pro- 
tect with earth. Cf. Eard, Yird. 
Earthlins, adv. earthwards ; along the ground. 
Ease, v. to slacken, abate. — n. with up, a 

hoist, a lifting up. 
Easedom, n. relief from pain, comfort. 
Easel, adv. eastward. — adj. easterly. Cf. 

Eassel. 
Easenent, n. a motion of the bowels, an 

evacuation. 
Easening, adj. feeling desire. Cf. Eassin. 
Easer, n. maple-wood. Cf. Ezar. 
Easing, n. the eaves of a house ; the part of 

a stack where it begins to taper. 
Easing-butt, n. a water-butt into which the 

droppings from the ' easing ' are led. 
Easing-drap, n. the projection of a house -roof 

that carries off the drops ; the dropping 

water from a roof after rain. 
Easing-gang, «. a course of sheaves projecting 

a little at the ' easing ' of a stack, to keep 

the rain from getting in. 
Easing-water, n. water draining from the 

' easing ' of a house. 
Easle, n. the eaves of a house. 
Eassel, Eassil, Eassilt, adv. eastwards, in an 

easterly direction. — adj. easterly. 
Easselward, adv. towards the east. 
Eassin, v. used of a cow : to desire the bull ; 

to desire strongly. Cf. Eisin. 
Eassint, ppl. having taken the bull. 
East-bye, adv. eastward. 
Easter, adj. eastern, towards the east. — n. 

the east wind. 
Easter-side, n. the eastern side. 
Eastie-wastie, n. a vacillating person. 
Eastilt, adv. eastward. Cf. Eassel. 
Eastin, v. to desire the bull. Cf. Eisin. 



Eastland 



154 



Eelie-dolly 



Eastland, re. the countries bordering on the 

Baltic. — adj. belonging to the east. 
Eastle, adv. eastward. Cf. Eassel. 
Eastlin, adj. easterly, east. 
Eastlins, adv. eastward. 
Eastning-wort, re. scabious. 
Easy, adj. supple, free from stiffness ; 

moderate in price. — adv. easily. 
Easy-osy, -ozy, adj. easy-going. — re. an easy- 
going person. 
Eat, v. to taste. — re. the act of eating ; a feed, 

a feast ; taste. 
Eatche, re. an adze. Cf. Each. 
Eated, Eatit, v. pret. ate. 
Eaten and spued, phr. used of an unhealthy, 

dyspeptic person. 
Eaten corn, re. growing corn partly eaten by 

trespassing domestic animals. 
Eather, re. heather. 
Eatin, re. the juniper. Cf. Etnach. 
Eattocks, re. dainties, sweets. 
Eave, re. the nave of a cart- or carriage-wheel. 
Eazle, re. the eaves of a house. Cf. Easle. 
Ebb, adj. shallow, not deep, applied to vessels 

and their liquid contents ; near the surface, 

not deep in the ground. — re. the foreshore ; 

the part of the beach between high and low 

tide. 
Ebb-bait, re. shell-fish used by fishermen as 

bait. 
Ebb-fur, re. a shallow furrow ; a method of 

ploughing down rye sown over dung. 
Ebb-land, re. shallow soil. 
Ebb-minded, adj. shallow, frivolous. 
Ebb-mother, re. the last of the ebb-tide. 
Ebbness, re. shallowness. 
Ebb-sleeper, re. the dunlin. 
Ebb-stone, «. a rock exposed at ebb-tide. 
Ecele-grass, re. the butterwort. 
Ech, Echay, int. an excl. of wistfulness or 

longing. Cf. Hech. 
Echie nor ochie, phr. absolutely nothing. 

Cf. Eechie. 
Ech nor och, phr. not the smallest word or 

sound, neither one thing nor another. 
Echo-stone, re. a black, hard stone, full of 

holes, and making them of a sound-returning 

nature. 
Eeht, ///. owning, possessed of. Cf. Aught. 
Eckle-feckle, adj. cheerful, merry; possessing 

a shrewd judgment. 
Edder, re. an adder. 
Edder, conj. either. 
Edder, v. to twist ropes round a stack. Cf. 

Ether. 
Edder, re. an animal's udder ; a woman's 

breast. 
Edderin, re. a short straw-rope ; a cross-rope 

of the thatch on a house or stack. Cf. 

Etherin. 



Edderin, Edderins, Edderon, conj. either; 

rather. 
Eddikat, ppl. adj. educated. 
Edge, re. the ridge of a hill ; the summit of a 

range of hills ; the highest part of a large, 

moorish, and elevated tract of ground which 

may lie between two streams. 
Edgie, v. to be alert or quick in action. — adj. 

eager ; clever ; quick-tempered, easily irri- 
tated. 
Ediwut, re. an idiot, a ' natural' ; a simpleton. 
Ee, pron. you. 
E'e, re. an eye ; an orifice for the passage or 

outflow of water ; an opening into a coal- 
shaft ; a regard, liking ; desire, craving ; a 

darling, chief delight.— v. to eye ; used of 

liquids : to ooze, well-up. 
Eean, re. a one-year-old horse. Cf. Ean. 
E'ebree, E'ebroo, re. the eyebrow. 
Eebrek-crap, re. the third crop after lea. 
Eechie, re. in phr. 'eechie nor ochie,' 'eechie 

or nochy,' not a sound, nothing at all. Cf. 

Echie nor ochie. 
Eeck, re. an addition. — v. to enlarge, add to. 

Cf. Elk. 
Eediwut, re. an idiot ; a simpleton. 
Eedle-deedle, adj. easy-going in business, &c. 

— re. a man of little enterprise or energy. 
E'e-feast, re. a rarity; what excites wonder; a 

satisfying glance that gratifies curiosity. 
Eeghie nor oghie, phr. neither one thing nor 

another. Cf. Eechie. 
Eek, re. an addition. — v. to increase by 

addition. Cf. Eik. 
Eek, re. the natural grease oozing from sheep. 

Cf. Eik. 
Eekfow, Eekfull, adj. blithe, affable ; just, 

equal. — re. a match, an equal. 
Eeksy-peeksy, adj. equal, exactly equal, alike. 
Eel, adj. used of cows : ceasing to give milk. 

Cf. Yeld. 
Eel, re. in phr. ' nine e'ed eel,' the lamprey. 
Eel, re. oil. 

Eel, «. Yule, Christmas. 
Eelans, re. equals in age. Cf. Eeldins. 
Eelat, re. the fish myxine, or glutinous hag. 
Eel-backit, adj. used of a horse : having a 

dark stripe along the back. 
Eel-beds, re. the water crow-foot. 
Eeldins, re. equals in age. 
Eel-dolly, re. an old-fashioned oil-lamp, a 

crusie. 
Eel-drowner, re. one who is not clever or 

capable of performing a difficult task. 
Eel-e'en, re. Christmas Eve. 
Eelie, v. to ail ; with away, to dwindle. Cf. 

Eelie, adj. oily. — re. oil; a glazed earthenware 

marble. 
Eelie-dolly, re. an 'eel-dolly.' 



Eelie-lamp 



155 



Egg-doup 



Eelie-lamp, re. an oil-lamp. 

Eelist, re. a desire to possess something not 

easily obtained. 
E'e-list, re. an eyesore ; defect ; a break in a 
page ; a legal imperfection ; a flaw, offence ; 
cause of regret. 
Eel-pout, n. the viviparous blenny. 
Eel-tows, re. lines laid inshore to catch eels 

for bait. 
Eely, v. to disappear gradually; to vanish one 

by one. Cf. Ely. 
Eem, re. a maternal uncle ; a familiar friend. 

Cf. Erae. 
Eemock, Eemuch, «. the ant. 
Eemor, re. humour. 
Eemost, Eemist, adj. uppermost. 
Een, adj. and re. one. Cf. Ane. 
E'en, re. eyes. 
Een, re. an oven. 
E'en, re. even, evening. 
E'en, adv. even, even so ; nevertheless. 
Eenach, re. the natural grease of wool. 
E'enbright, adj. shining, luminous ; bright to 

the eyes. 
Eence, adv. once. 
E'end, adj. even, straight. 
Eenerie, re. a child's word in counting-out 

rhymes. Cf. Anery. 
E'en-holes, re. eye-sockets. 
Eenil, v. used of a woman : to be jealous of 

her husband's fidelity. Cf. Eyndill. 
Eenkin, n. kith and kin. 
Eenlins, re. equals in age. Cf. Eeldins. 
E'enow, E'ennow, E'enoo, adv. just now ; 

shortly. 
Eens, adv. even as. 
E'enshanks, n. an evening meal. 
Eent, adv. ' even it,' used for emphasis. 
Eer, re. colour, tinge ; an iron stain on linen. 

Cf. Ure. 
Eeram, n. a boat-song ; a rowing-song. 
Eeran, re. an errand. Cf. Errand. 
Eerie, adj. apprehensive, afraid of ghosts, &c. ; 
dismal, dull, gloomy ; weird, uncanny, 
haunted by ghosts, &c. ; awe-inspiring ; 
dreary. Cf. Irie. 
Eerieful, adj. foreboding evil, uncanny. 
Eerielike, adj. appearing like what causes fear. 
Eeriely, adv. dismally, forebodingly. 
Eerieness, re. fear excited by the idea of an 

apparition. 
Eeries and orries, phr. particulars, details ; 

'ins and outs.' 
Eeriesome, adj. dull, sad ; ghostly, weird. 
Eeriesomeness, re. apprehensiveness of ghosts, 

&c. 
E'erly, adv. continually. Cf. Everly. 
Eerock, re. a pullet. Cf. Earock. 
E'erthestreen, re. the night before yester- 
night. 



Eese, re. use. — v. to use. 

E'esicht, re. vision, eyesight. 

Eesk, v. to hiccup ; to heave at the stomach ; 

to cough up. — re. a hiccup. Cf. Yesk. 
E'esome, adj. attractive, gratifying to the eye. 
E'estane, re. a perforated pebble, supposed to 

heal eye-diseases. 
E'estick, re. something that fixes the eye ; a 

rarity, dainty. Cf. Eistack. 
E'e-string, re. an eyelid. 
Eeswall, adj. usual. 
E'e-sweet, adj. beautiful, acceptable. 
Eet, u. a custom, a bad habit. Cf. Ett, Ait. 
Eeth, adj. easy. Cf. Eith. 
Eetim, re. an item ; a puny creature. 
Eetion, re. a living creature. 
Eetnoch, re. a moss-grown, precipitous rock. 
Eettie, re. in phr. ' eettie ottie for a tottie, 

where shall this boy go ? ' &c, a boys' game. 
Eevenoo, adj. very hungry. 
Eever, adj. used of places : upper, higher, 

over. 
Eevery, adj. hungry. Cf. Aiverie. 
E'e-winkers, re. the eyelashes. 
Eezin, re. the eaves of a house. Cf. Easing. 
Efauld, adj. upright, honest, guileless. Cf. 

Aefald. 
Eff-crap, v. to after-crop, to take two succes- 
sive crops of the same kind from a field. 

Cf. Aft-crop. 
Eff-, Eft-crop, re. stubble-grass ; aftermath. 

Cf. Aft-crop. 
Effect, v. used of money : to secure, recover 

payment ; of lands : to make them bear the 

burden of repayment of money with which 

they have been burdened. — re. pi. produce of 

anything sold or of money invested. 
Effeir, re. pomp and circumstance ; what is 

fitting ; bearing ; garb, panoply. 
Effeir, v. to pertain to ; to fall to by right ; 

to proportionate to. 
Effrayit, ppl. adj. afraid. 
Effront, v. to affront, put out of countenance. 
Efter, prep, after. — adv. afterwards. Cf. 

After. 
Efter-hend, -hin', prep, after. — adv. after- 
wards. 
Efterin, prep, after. 
Efterwal, re. leavings, refuse. ; soil rendered 

useless for cultivation. 
Eft-stool, re. a newt- or lizard-stool. 
tEgal, adj. equal. 
Ege, re. the ridge of * hill. — v. to move 

gradually to one side. Cf. Edge. 
Egg, v. to incite. 
Egg-bed, re. the ovarium of a fowl ; used of 

the brain : where thought arises in the • 

mind. 
Egg-doup, re. the lower end of an egg ; a 

woman's cap with oval back. 



Egg-doupit 



iS6 



Elf-bore 



Egg-doupit, adj. shaped like the end of an 

e &S- • , j • j ■ 

Egger, Egges, «. gram very much dried m a 

pot, for grinding in a ' quern. ' Cf. Aigar. 
Eggle, v. to ' egg, to incite to evil. 
Egg taggle, n. wasting time in bad company ; 

immodest conduct. 
Eghin and owin, phr. humming and hawing. 
Eght, ppl. owning, possessed of. Cf. Aucht. 
Egsome, adj. pushing, forward. 
Egypt-, Egyptian-herring, n. the saury pike. 
Egyptian, n. a gypsy, vagabond ; a sturdy 

beggar. 
Egyptian band, n. gypsies. 
Eicen, v. used of a cow : to desire the bull. 

Cf. Eassin. 
Eidence, n. industry ; diligence. 
Eident, adj. industrious ; diligent ; steady, 

continuous ; attentive. 
Eidently, adv. diligently ; attentively. 
Eidi-streen, «. the night before last night. 
Eidi-yesterday, n. the day before yesterday. 
Eightpence drink, n. a very strong ale. 
Eightsome, adj. consisting of eight persons. 

— n. a company or family of eight. 
Eightsome-reel, n. a reel with eight dancers. 
Eik, n. the natural grease of wool ; liniment 

used in greasing sheep. 
Eik, v. to add ; to increase, supplement ; to 

subjoin. — n. an addition ; an addition to a 

glass of whisky, &c. ; an addition to a bee- 
hive. — adv. in addition to, besides, also. 
Eikend, n. the short chain attaching the 

traces to the swingle-trees of a plough. 
Eik -name, n. a ' to-name,' used among fish- 
ing-folk to distinguish those who bear the 

same names ; a nickname. 
Eikrie, n. an addition to support or prolong 

anything. 
Eild, adj. applicable to a cow that has ceased 

to give milk. Cf. Yeld. 
Eild, n. age ; old age ; an old person. — adj. 

aged, old. — v. to grow old. 
Eilden, n. fuel. Cf. Elding. 
Eildins, Eillins, n. equals in age. Cf. 

Eeldins. 
Eildron, adj. unearthly, uncanny, weird, 

'eldritch.' 
Eill, adj. used of cows : not giving milk. Cf. 

Yeld. 
Ein', v. to end, come to a close. 
Ein, Eind, v. to breathe ; to whisper ; to 

devise ; to make an appointment to meet. 

— «. breath. Cf. Aynd. 
Eindill, Eindle, v. used of a woman : to be 

jealous of her husband's fidelity. 
Eindling, ppl. adj. jealous. 
Eindown, adv. thoroughly. — adj. downright ; 

thoroughly honest ; plain, without reserve. 

Cf. Evendown. 



Einel, v. to be jealous. Cf. Eindill. 

Eir, n. fear. 

Eiraek, n. a hen of the first year. Cf. 

Earock. 
Eird, n. earth. Cf. Eard. 
Eirne, n. the eagle. Cf. Em. 
Eiry, adj. uncanny. Cf. Eerie. 
Eisin, v. to desire the male ; to desire 

strongly. Cf. Eassin. 
Eisin, n. the eaves of a house. Cf. Easing. 
Eisning, n. a strong desire or longing; the 

copulation of a cow and a bull. 
Eissel, adv. eastward. — adj. easterly. Cf. 

Eassel. 
Eistack, n. a dainty. Cf. Eestick. 
Eistit, adv. rather. 
Eitch, n. an adze. Cf. Each. 
Eith, adj. easy. — adv. easily. 
Eitheren, n. a straw-rope for fastening the 

thatch of a stack, &c. Cf. Etherin. 
Eitherens, con/, either, rather. Cf Edderins. 
Eith-kent, adj. easily known or recognised. 
Eithly, adv. easily. 

Eiz, n. the eaves of a house. Cf. Easing. 
fEizel, n. an ass, a donkey. 
Eizel, n. a hot ember ; charcoal. 
Eizen, n. the eaves of a house. Cf. Easing. 
Eke, v. to 'egg,' to incite; to incite to 

mischief. 
Eke, v. to add. — n. an addition. Cf. Eik. 
Elboek, Elbuck, n. the elbow. — v. to raise 

one's self on the elbows. 
Elbow-chair, n. an arm-chair. 
Elbow-grease, n. snuff, brown rappee. 
Elbowit-grass, n. the fox-tail grass. 
Elder, n. mphr. 'elders o' Cowend' [Colvend], 

cormorants. Cf. Coween. 
Elderen, Elderin, Eldern, adj. elderly. 
Elder's hours, phr. respectable hours. 
Elding, n. fuel of any kind. 
Elding-docken, n. the water-dock. 
Eldren, Eldrin, adj. elderly. 
Eldrish, Elrish, adj. ' eldritch. ' 
Eldritch, Eldrich, Eldricht, adj. unearthly, 

ghostly, uncanny ; ghastly, frightful ; of 

a sore or wound: painful, fretting; of 

the weather : chill ; surly in temper and 

manners. 
Eleck, v. to elect, choose. 
Eleid, v. to chide ; to quash. Cf. Elide. 
Element, n. the sky. 
Elenge, adj. foreign. 
Elevener, «. a labourer's luncheon about n 

o'clock a.m. 
Eleven-hours, n. a slight refreshment about 

11 o'clock A.M. 
Elf, n. a term of contempt or opprobrium. 
Elf-bore, n. a hole in a piece of wood, out of 

which a knot has been driven or has 

dropped. 



Elf-cups 



i57 



Endlangwyse 



Elf-cups, ». small stones perforated by friction 

of a waterfall, supposed to be the work of 

fairies, often nailed over a stable-door to 

protect horses from being ' elf-shot.' 
Elf-door, n. the opening in an ' elf-ring ' by 

which the fairies were supposed to enter. 
Elfer-stone, n. a chipped flint, believed to 

possess magical properties. 
Elf-girse, n. grass given to cattle supposed to 

have been hurt by fairies. 
Elf-hill, n. a fairy knoll. 
Elfin, n. an euphemism for ' hell.' 
Elf-mill, n. the death-watch, or ' chackie- 

mill.' 
Elf-ring, n. a. fairy circle within which elves 

were supposed to dance, &c, generally in 

old pasture. 
Elf-shoot, v. to bewitch ; to shoot with an 

elf-arrow. 
Elf-shot, 11. a flint arrow-head; a disease or 

injury to persons or cattle, credited to fairy 

malice ; the lady's mantle. — ppl. adj. shot 

or injured by fairies. 
Elf-stone, n. a flint arrow-head. 
Elf-switches, n. elf-locks; tangled locks of 

hair. 
Elgins, n. the water -dock. Cf. Eldin- 

docken. 
Elide, v. legal term : to quash, annul ; to 

evade the force or authority of. 
Ell, adj. not giving milk. Cf. Yeld. 
Ell, n. the 'Scotch '=37-0578 inches; the 

' plaiden ell ' = 38-416 inches. 
Elian, n. a very small island in a river. 
Eller, n. the alder. 

Ellerisch, adj. unearthly. Cf. Eldritch. 
Ellieson, n. a shoemaker's awl. Cf. Elsin. 
Ellinge, adj. foreign. Cf. Elenge. 
Ellion, n. fuel. Cf. Elding. 
Ell-stick, n. an ell-measure ; a measuring-rod. 
Ellwand, n. an ell-measure ; a measuring-rod ; 

a standard. 
Ellwand of stars, n. the three stars in the 

northern constellation of Lyra ; the king's 

or lady's ellwand, the stars of Orion's belt. 
Elne, 11. an ell. 
Elocate,^*/. adj. legal term, used of a woman : 

betrothed or wedded. 
Elore, int. alas ! woe is me ! Cf. More. 
Elrick, Elricht, Elritch, adj. unearthly. Cf. 

Eldritch. 
Else, adv. otherwise ; at another time, already ; 

phr. 'or else no',' an expression of contempt. 
Elsin, Elshin, n. a shoemaker's awl. 
Elsin-blade, n. an awl. 
Elsin-box, n. a box for holding awls. 
Elsin-heft, n. the handle of an awl ; a jar- 
gonelle pear, as Tesembling the ' heft ' of 

an awl. 
Elson, Elsyn, n. an 'elsin.' 



Elt, v. to mix meal and water ; to knead 
dough ; to injure by constant or rough 
handling; to toil or slave at working the 
ground ; to meddle with ; to bemire. — n. 
dough; with carrie, a thick, ill-baked cake ; 
with muckle, a stout, clumsy woman. 

Elvant, Elvint, n. a measuring -rod. Cf. 
Ellwand. 

Ely, v. to disappear, vanish gradually, or one 
by one. 

Elyer, n. an elder. 

tElymosinar, n. an almoner. 

Embase, v. to debase money. 

Ember, n. the great northern diver, or ember- 
goose. 

tEmbezill, v. to injure, to damage. Cf. 
Imbecille. 

■f-Embezilment, n. injury, damage. 

Erne, n. a maternal uncle ; a familiar friend. 

Emerant, n. an emerald. 

Emergent, n. anything that emerges. 

Emerteen, n. an. ant. 

Emm, n. an uncle. Cf. Erne. 

Emrnack, n. an ant. Cf. Eemock. 

Emmers, n. embers, red-hot ashes. 

Emmis, adj. variable ; insecure, unsteady ; 
used of the weather : gloomy. 

Emmle-deug, Emmeldyug, ». butchers' offal, 
scrap or paring of carcass ; a piece of any- 
thing loose and flying ; a tatter fluttering 
from a dress. 

Emmock, Emmot, Emock, n. an ant. Cf. 
Eemock. 

Emmot-pile, n. an ant-heap. 

Empanell, v. to accuse, charge ; to put at the 
bar, a legal term. 

tEmpesch, v. to hinder. 

Enact, v. to bind one's self ; to put one's self 
under legal obligations. 

Enanteen, n. an ant. Cf. Emerteen. 

Enaunter, conj. lest. 

End, v. to breathe ; to whisper. — n. breath. 
Cf. Aynd. 

End, n. a room in a cottage ; a parlour ; 
the end of a room ; a shoemaker's waxed 
thread ; the finishing game of a rink con- 
test in curling ; a use.- — v. to set on end ; to 
kill. 

Endie, adj. attached to one's own interests ; 
selfish ; scheming ; fertile in expedients ; 
shuffling, shifty. 

Ending-stroke, n. a death-blow ; a finishing- 
stroke. 

Endlang, prep, alongside of. — adv. at full 
length, lengthwise, along; from end to 
end; continuously. — v. to harrow a ploughed 
field from end to end. — n. full length. 

Endlangin, n. harrowing a field along the 
furrows. 

EndlangwyBe, adv. lengthwise. 



Endless 



iS8 



Endless, adj. long-winded ; pertinacious. 
End-pickle, n. a head of corn. 
Endrift, n. snow driven by the wind. 
End's errand, re. an exclusive errand, express 

purpose. Cf. Anes errand. 
Endurable, adj. lasting, enduring. 
Endways, adv. forward, onward ; well on ; 

successfully. 
Endwye, n. headway, progress. 
Ene, n. eyes. Cf. Een. 
Enel-sheet, re. a winding-sheet. 
Enemy, re. the devil ; a person of evil dis- 
position ; an ant. 
Eneuch, Eneugh, n. and adj. enough. 
Enew, adj. enough. Cf. Enow. 
Engage, v. to attract. 

tEngine, Engyne, «. genius, intellect, dis- 
position, character. Cf. Ingine. 
English, n. English, in contrast to Gaelic. 
English and Soots, n. a children's game. 
Englisher, re. an Englishman. 
English-weight, re. avoirdupois weight. 
Engrage, v. to irritate ; to ' aggravate ' by 

irony. 
tEngross, v. to swallow up entire ; to render 

a woman pregnant. 
tEnixe, adj. express. 
Enkerloch, adj. having a difficult temper. 
Enlang, prep, alongside of. Cf. Endlang. 
Enlarger, ». an expositor, one who enlarges 

in preaching. 
Enlighten, v. to fill or flood with light. 
Enner, adj. nether ; inferior in place. 
Ennennair, adj. with greater inferiority in 

place. 
Ennermaist, adj. nethermost. 
+Enorme, adj. enormous ; horrid. 
Enow, adj. enough ; sufficient in number. 
Enow, Enoo, adv. just now ; presently, shortly. 

Cf. Eenow. 
Enquire for, v. to inquire after. 
Ens, Ense, conj. else. — adv. otherwise. 
tEnsigneer, n. an ensign (officer). 
Entering, ppl. adj. favourable for beginning or 

entering on. 
Entertain, v. to welcome ; to pay for the 

support of. 
Entitule, v. to entitle, to have as a title. 
Entramells, re. bondage ; prisoners of war. 
Entry, n. an alley or narrow passage between 

two houses ; a house lobby. 
Entry-mouth, «. the entrance of => ' close ' or 

narrow passage. 
Enuch, adj. enough. 
Enveigh, v. to inveigh. 
Envy-fow, -fu', adj. envious ; full of malice. 
Enze, conj. else. Cf. Ens. 
Ephesian, re. a pheasant. 
Epieacco, re. ipecacuanha. 
+Epie, ». a blow with a sword. 



Brt 

an Episco- 



Episcolaupian, Episcopian, 

palian. 
Eppersyand, n. the sign &, et per se, and. 
Equal-aqual, adj. equally balanced ; exactly 

alike or equal ; 'upside with.' — n. exact 

equality. — v. to make all equal ; to balance. 
Equals-aquals, adv. on a strict equality. 
Equiable, adj. equable. 
Equipage, re. utensils of all kinds, as of glass, 

china, earthenware. 
Erack, re. a pullet. Cf. Earock. 
Erch, adj. timorous, shy. — adv. nearly. — v. 

to hesitate. Cf. Arch. 
Erohin, n. a hedgehog, 'hurcheon.' Cf. 

Urchin. 
Erd, re. earth. — v. to bury; to protect with 

earth. Cf. Eard. 
Erd and stane, re. a mode of symbolical in- 
vestiture with land in ownership. 
Ere, adj. early.— -prep, before. — conj. previous 

to ; rather than. Cf. Or. 
Ere-fernyear, re. the year before last. 
Erethestreen, ». the evening before last. 
Erf, adj. shy. — adv. scarcely. — v. to hesitate. 

Cf. Arch, Argh. 
Ergane, ppl. overflowing. 
Ergh, adj. half-boiled; 
Ergh, adj. timorous ; scrupulous ; shy. — adv. 

nearly, scarcely. — v. to hesitate, to be shy. 

Cf. Argh. 
Erie, v. to give an earnest. — re. in pi. an 

earnest or instalment of wages for service. 

Cf. Arle. 
Erlish, adj. unearthly, uncanny ; ghastly. 

Cf. Eldritch. 
Ermit, re. an earwig. 

Era, v. used of the eye : to be wet, to water. 
Ern, n. iron. 
Ern, n. the eagle, erne. 
Ern-bleater, re. the snipe. 
Ern-fern, n. the brake-fern. 
Ernistfull, adj. eager ; ardent. 
Emit, re. the pig-nut. Cf. Arnot. 
Ern tings, re. iron tongs. 
Erock, n. a pullet. Cf. Earock. 
Erp, v. to grumble ; to repine. 
Errack, re. a pullet. Cf. Earock. 
Erran', re. an errand ; a message or parcel, 

&c. , for delivery; in pi. marketings, shop- 
pings, and articles then bought. 
Errand-bairn, re. a child-messenger. 
Errie, adj. uncanny ; superstitiously gloomy. 

Cf. Eerie. 
Erruction, a. ■- ' rumpus,' a violent outbreak, 

n ' ruction. ' 
Erse, «. the fundament. Cf. Arse. 
Ersit, adj. perverse, contrary. 
Erst, adv. in the first place. 
Ert, v. to urge on, incite ; to irritate. Cf. 

Airt. 



Erthlins 

Erthlins, adv. earthward. Cf. Earthlins. 
Ertienig, adj. ingenious ; capable of laying 

plans. 
Erudition, n. civility, respect, courtesy. 
tErumption, n. an outburst, 'rumpus. ' 
Ery, Erie, adj. weird ; ghostly ; timorous. 

Cf. Eerie. 
Escape, n. an omission, an oversight ; an 

offence. 
Esk, n. a newt. Cf. Ask. 
Esk, v. to hiccup ; to cough up. — n. a hiccup. 

Cf. Yesk. 
Eskdale-souple, n. a broadsword, a two- 
handed sword. 
Esplin, n. a stripling, a youth. 
Ebb, Esse, n. an S-shaped hook or link for 

traces, &c. ; the ends of a curb-chain. 
Essael, pron. himself. 
Essart, adj. perverse, crooked. 
Ess-cock, n. the dipper. 
Esscock, «. a hot pimple on any part of the 

body. Cf. Arse-cockle, Nesscock. 
Essel, n. a red-hot cinder, an ember. Cf. 

Aizle. 
Essis, «. ornaments of jewellery in the shape 

of the letter S. 
tEssonyie, Essoinzie, -v. to excuse one's self for 

absence from a law-court. — n. such excuse 

for absence. 
Est, ». a nest. 

Estalment, n. an instalment. 
tEstit, adv. as soon, rather. Cf. Astid. 
Estlar, n. ashlar ; hewn or polished stone. 

Cf. Aislar. 
Estlins, adv. rather, ' as lief. ' 
Eterie, adj. used of the weather : keen, bitter ; 

ill-tempered ; hot-headed ; angry-looking. 

Cf. Attery. 
Eth, adj. easy. Cf. Eith. 
Ether, v. to twist ropes of straw round a 

stack. — n. a twig, switch. Cf. Yether. 
Ether, n. an adder. Cf. Edder. 
Ether, adj. pron. and conj. either. 
Ethercap, it. a spider ; an ill-humoured 

person ; a hot-tempered person. Cf. At- 

tercap. 
Etherins, Etherans, conj. either. — adv. rather. 

Cf. Eitherens. 
Etherins, Etherans, n. the cross-ropes of a 

thatched roof or stack. 
Ether-stane, n. an adder-bead. 
tEthik, adj. delicate. 
Etion, n. kindred ; genealogy ; descent. Cf. 

Ation. 
Etnach, n. juniper. — adj. of juniper; of juni- 
per-wood. Cf. Aitnach. 
Ett, n. a custom, habit ; generally in a bad 

sense. 
Etten, ppl. eaten. 
Etter, v. to fester. 



iS9 



Every 



Ettercap, u. a spider ; an ant ; an irascible, 
captious, malignant person. 

Etterlin, n. a cow which has a calf when only 
two years old. Cf. Otterline. 

Ettin, Etin, n. a giant. 

Ettle, v. to intend, purpose ; to take aim ; 
to direct one's course towards ; to attempt, 
struggle, make an effort ; to make ready ; 
to hanker after, to be eager to do or 
begin ; to suppose, guess, reckon, count 
on. — n. an intent, aim, effort, attempt ; 
chance ; a mark. 

Ettler, u. one who ' ettles. ' 

Ettling, n. effort, endeavour. — ppl. adj. am- 
bitious, pushing. 

Euk, v. to itch. Cf. Yeuk. 

Evacuate, v. to nullify, set aside, neutralize. 

Evanish, v. to vanish, disappear quite. 

Evasion, n. a way or means of escape from 
danger. 

Eveat, v. to avoid, shun ; to escape. Cf. 
Evite. 

Eve-, Evil-eel, n. the conger-eel. 

Eveleit, Evelit, adj. prompt ; ready ; cheer- 
ful. Cf. Evleit. 

Even, v. to compare ; to level down, demean ; 
to suggest as a suitable person to marry ; 
to impute, hint, charge with ; to think 
entitled to. — n. in pi. equals, quits. 

Even and eyn, phr, in good earnest. 

Evendoun, adj. perpendicular ; honest, down- 
right ; direct, without reserve or qualifica- 
tion ; mere, sheer ; habitual, confirmed ; 
of rain : very heavy and straight down. — 
adv. thoroughly, completely. 

Even-hands, adv. on an equality. — n. an equal 
bargain. 

Evenliness, n. equanimity, composure. 

Evenly, adj. of ground, &c. : smooth, level. 

Evenner, n. a weaver's implement for spread- 
ing yarn on the beam. 

Even-noo, Eve'noo, adv. just now ; in * 
minute. Cf. E'enow. 

Even on, adv. continuously. 

Even out, adv. loudly. 

Even-up back, n. in phr. to ' keep an even- 
up back,' to keep straight. 

Ever, v. to nauseate. 

Ever, adj. used of places : upper, over. 

Ever alack, int. alas ! 

Ever and on, adv. continually. 

Everilk, adj. each ; every. 

Everilk-on, -one, phr. each single one, every 
individual one. 

Everlasting, adv. continually. 

Everly, adv. continually ; perpetually. 

Ever now, adv. just now. 

Everochs, n. the cloudberry. Cf. Averin. 

Every, adj. both, each of two. 

Every, adj. hungry. Cf. Aiverie. 



Eve-yesterday 



160 



Ey 



Eve-, Ever-, Ere-yesterday, n, the day before 

yesterday. 
Eve-, Ever-, Ere-yestreen, ». the night before 

yesternight. 
Evict, v. to dispossess legally of property, used 

not of the person but of the property. 
Evident, n. a title-deed ; documentary proof. 
Evil-headit, adj. used of an ox or bull : 

prone to butt. 
Evil-man, n. the devil. 
Evil-money, n. false coin. 
tEvite, v. to avoid, shun ; to evade ; to 

escape. 
Evleit, adj. prompt, active ; ready, willing ; 

sprightly, cheerful ; handsome. Cf. Oleit. 
Evrie, adj. hungry. C£ Every. 
Ewden-drift, n. drifted snow. Cf. Youden- 

drift. 
Ewder, n. a disagreeable smell ; the steam 

of a boiling pot ; the odour of anything 

burning ; dust ; the dust of flax ; a collection 

of small particles. 
Ewder, n. a blaze. 
Ewdroch, Ewdruch, n. *. strong, disagreeable 

smell. Cf. Ewder. 
Ewe, n. a stupid, easy-going person ; the cone 

of a fir, larch, &c. 
Ewe-bucht, -blight, n. a sheep-pen ; a place 

where ewes are milked. 
Ewe-gowan, n. the common daisy. 
Ewe-hogg, n. a ewe at the stage next to a 

lamb's. 
E-wel, int. indeed ! really ! Cf. Aweel. 
Ewe-milker, n. one who milks ewes. 
Ewendrie, n. the refuse of oats after winnow- 
ing ; weak grain. 
Ewer, n. the udder of a cow, sheep, &c. Cf. 

Ure. 
Ewer-locks, n. the wool round a sheep's 

udder, removed near lambing-time. 
Ewest, adj. most contiguous ; nearest. 
E-whow, int. an excl. of grief, surprise, or 

alarm. Cf. Avow. 
Ewie, k. a young ewe ; a small fir-cone. 
Ewindrift, n. snow driven by the wind. Cf. 

Ewden-drift. 
Ewk, v. to itch. Cf. Yeuk. 
Exack, v. to exact. 
Exack, adj. exact. — adv. exactly. 
Exact, adj. expert. — adv. exactly ; straitly. 
Exactable, adj. exigible. 
Examine, n. an examination. 
Excamb, Excambie, v. to exchange lands. 
Excambion, n. an exchange of lands 
Exceppins, prep, except. 
1-Excresce, ». overpayment ; overplus in 

value. 
Excrescence, n. a surplus. 
tExeem, Exeme, v. to exempt. 
Exem, v. to examine. 



Exemmin, n. an examination. — v. to examine. 

Exemp, n. exemption. — adj. exempt. 

Exemplar, adj. exemplary. 

Exemplarly, adv. for example. 

tExerce, v. to exercise. 

Exercise, v. to conduct family worship ; to 
expound Scripture at a meeting of presby- 
tery. — n. family worship ; the presbyterial 
exposition ; a part of a divinity student's 
' trials ' for license to preach ; a name for a. 
presbytery. 

Exercise and additions, n. an exposition, 
paraphrase, and application of a passage, 
in the original, of Scripture, delivered by 
a. student of divinity or by members of a 
presbytery in rotation. 

Exercising, n. public worship. 

tExheredate, v. to disinherit ; to deprive of 
an inheritance, a legal term. 

Exhibition, n. mphr. to 'raise an exhibition,' 
to call for the production of writs. 

Exhort, n. an address, exhortation. 

Exhoust, v. to exhaust.—///, adj. exhausted. 

Exies, n. hysterics ; an access of ague. Cf. 
Aixies. 

Exigent, n. an exigency, an emergency. 

Exle, n. an axle. 

Exoner, v. to relieve from a burden ; to 
exonerate from responsibility, trusteeship, 
&c. , a legal term. 

Exorbitant, adj. extreme ; extravagant. 

Expectancy, n. the state of being an 'ex- 
pectant. ' 

Expectant, n. a divinity student preparing for 
license to preach. 

tExpede, v. to expedite, despatch. 

Experimented, ppl. adj. experienced. 

tExpone, v. to explain, expound ; to expose ; 
to represent, characterize. 

Express, n. a special errand. 

Extenuate, v. used of the body : to become 
thin, slender. 

Exterics, n. hysterics. 

Extinguish, v. used of a debt : to pay off 
gradually. 

Extort, v. to practise extortion on one. 

Extortion, n. an exorbitant price. — v. to 
charge exorbitantly. 

Extranean, adj. coming from a distance. — «. 
a scholar coming to the higher classes of 
Aberdeen Grammar School from another 
school for special drill in classics ; an out- 
sider ; one not of the family. 

Extraordinar, Exterordinar, adj. extraor- 
dinary. — n. in pi. unusual occurrences. — 
adv. extraordinarily. 

tExtravage, v. to wander about ; to wander 
in discourse ; to speak incoherently ; to 
enlarge in speaking. 

Ey, n. an island. 



Ey 

Ey, adv. aye, always. 

Eydent, adj. industrious, diligent. 

Eydi-yesterday, n. the day before yesterday. 

Eydi-yestreen, n. the night before yester- 
night. 

Eye-last, -list, n. an eyesore; a flaw; a fault; 
an offence ; a cause of regret. Cf. Ee-list. 

Eyeu, ». eyes. 

Eye-sweet, adj. pleasing to the eye. 

Eye-winker, n. an eyelid, an eyelash. 

Eyn, n. an end. — v. to end. 

Eynd, v. to breathe; to whisper. — n. a breath. 
Cf. Aynd. 



161 



Faid 



Eyndill, v. used of a woman : to suspect the 
fidelity of her husband ; to be jealous. 

Eyudling, ppl. adj. jealous. — n. jealousy. 

Eyn't, ppl. ended. 

Eyven, adv. even. 

Eyzle, n. a live coal ; a hot ember. Cf. Aizle. 

Eyzly, adj. red, fiery. 

Eyzly-e'e't, adj. fiery-eyed. 

Ezar, n. maple-wood. — adj. of or belonging 
to the maple. 

Ezin, n. an eave of a house. Cf. Easing. 

Ezle, n. a spark of fire ; a hot ember. Cf. 
Aizle. 



Fa, pron. who. 

Fa, v. to become, to suit, used impersonally. 

Fa', n. <t fall ; a fall of rain or snow ; a trap, 
snare ; a lot, fortune ; a share, portion. — v. 
to fall ; used of the sea : to grow calm ; of 
lime : to become powdery ; to befall ; to 
change into ; to become pregnant ; to fall 
to one's duty ; to excel, win ; to fail ; to 
put up ; to take in hand. 

Faad, v. pret. fell. 

Faags, int. faith ! Cf. Fegs. 

Fa' ahint, v. to fall behind, into arrears of 
rent, work, &c. 

Faal, n. a fold.— v. to fold ; to bend. 

Fa'an,///. fallen. 

Faang, n. an unpleasant person. 

Faar'd, ppl. adj. favoured, featured. Cf. 
Faured. 

Fa' awa', v. to waste away. 

Fab, v. to trick, cheat. — n. a trick, cheat. 

Fab, n. a fob ; a small pocket ; a tobacco- 
pouch. 

+Fabala, n. a trimming of a petticoat ; a 
flounce, a furbelow. 

Fabric, n. a person, animal, or thing of big, 
clumsy appearance. 

Fa' by, v. to be sick ; to be in childbed. 

Fac, n. fact ; truth, reality. — int. indeed ! 
Cf. Fack. 

Face, n. the edge of any sharp instrument. 

Faceable, adj. fit to be seen, pretty ; likely to 
be true. 

Face o' clay, phr. any living person. 

Face-plate, n. the face. 

Face-wise, adj. facing. 

tFacherie, n. trouble, worry. Cf. Fasherie. 

Facht, v. to fight ; to struggle. — n. a fight ; a 
struggle. Cf. Fecht. 

Facie, adj. bold, fearless ; insolent, impudent. 

Fack, n. fact, truth, reality. — int. indeed ! 

really ! 
Faction, n. the name formerly given to a 

bench in the Aberdeen Grammar School. 
Factor, n. the manager of a landed property, 

11 



who lets farms, collects rents, and pays 
wages ; a person legally appointed to 
manage sequestrated property. — v. to act 
as factor. 
Factorship, Factory, n. the office of 'factor'; 

agency. 
Faddom, v. to fathom ; to measure; to encom- 
pass with the arms. 
Fade, n. a director in sports, &c. 
Fader, n. father. 

Faderil, n. the loose end of anything ; in pi. 
apparatus. 

Fadge, n. a faggot, bundle of sticks. 

Fadge, n. a fat, clumsy woman ; a short, 
thickset person. 

Fadge, n. a large, flat loaf or 'bannock'; a 
flat wheaten loaf. 

Fadle, v. to walk clumsily, waddle. 

Fadmell, n. a weight of lead, 70 lbs. Cf. 
Fodmell. 

Van, pron. who. 

Fae, n. foe. 

Fae, prep, from, away from. 

Faedom, n. witchcraft. Cf. Feydom. 

Faegit, ppl. adj. fagged. 

Fael, n. turf. Cf. Fail. 

Faem, n. foam, froth. — v. to foam. 

Ta,'ea.,ppl. adj. fallen. 

Faerdy, adj. strong, stout-built. Cf. Feerdy. 

Faert, n. a ford. Cf. Fierd. 

Faert, ppl. adj. afraid. 

Faffer, n. a flapper ; a fan. 

Fag, n. a sheep-louse or tick ; in pi. lousiness 
in sheep. 

Faggald, Fagald, n. a bundle of heath or 
twigs bound with straw-ropes, a faggot. 

Faggie, adj. fatiguing, tiring. 

Fag-ma-fuff, n. a garrulous old woman. 

Fagot, Faggot, n. a slattern. 

Fagsum, adj. wearisome, tiring. 

Fagsumness, n. tiresomeness. 

Faick, v. to lower a price. Cf. Faik. 

Faick, Faicks, int. faith ! Cf. Faix. 

Faid, n. a director of sports. 



Faidle 



162 



Fairley 



Faidle, v. to waddle. Cf. Fadle. 

Faighlochs, n. sorry workers doing little. 

Faigs, int. an excl. of surprise, faith ! 

Faik, n. truth. — int. in truth ! 

Faik, v. to fondle ; to tuck up ; to caress. — 
n. a plaid ; a fold, ply ; the part of a full 
sack drawn together for tying ; a stratum 
of stone in a quarry. 

Faik, v. to lower a price ; to excuse ; to re- 
duce, abate a claim ; to let go unpunished. 

Faik, v. to fail from weariness ; to stop, in- 
termit. — n. a failure. 

Faik, «. the strand of a rope. Cf. Fake. 

Faik, n. the razor-bill. Cf. Faik. 

Faikie, n. a plaid. 

Faikins, Faickens, n. truth, used in mild 
oaths. 

Faikit, ppl. adj. wearied out. 

Faiks, 72. faith. Cf. Faix. 

Fail, Faill, Faile, n. a sward; a flat sod of 
turf; turf. 

Fail, v. to break down in health ; to grow 
weak. — adj. frail, weak. — n. decline. 

Fail-caster, n. one who cuts ' fails. ' 

Fail-delf, «. the place from which ' fails ' 
have been dug. 

Fail-dyke, n. a wall built of 'fails.' 

Fail-houaie, n. a small house built with 
'fails.' 

Fail-roofed, adj. roofed with ' fails. ' 

Fail-wa', n. a house- or hut-wall built of 
turf. 

Failyie, Failzie, v. to fail. — a. failure, default, 
penalty for breach of bargain. 

Faim, n. foam, froth. 

Fa' in, v. to shrink in ; to subside. 

Fain, adj. eager, anxious ; fond, affectionate, 
in love. — adv. fondly. 

Fain, adj. used of grain in the field : not 
thoroughly dry so as to be stacked ; of 
meal : of bad quality, made of grain not 
ripe enough. 

Fainfu', adj. affectionate, kind, loving. 

Fainly, adj. pleasant, gladsome, welcome ; 
amiable, affectionate. — adv. gladly, eagerly, 
excitedly ; fondly, lovingly. 

Fainness, n. gladness ; desire ; liking ; fond- 
ness, love, affection. 

Faint, «. the devil ; nothing, in excls. Cf. 

Fient. 
Faint, v. to enfeeble ; to make faint. 
Faintly, adj. weak, faint. 
Faints, n. low wines ; inferior spirits. 
Fainty-grund, n. ground, in passing over 
which it is deemed necessary to have a bit 
of bread in one's pocket to prevent fainting. 
Faiple, n. anything loose and flaccid hanging 
from the nose ; a turkey's crest or comb 
when elated ; the under-lip of men and 
beasts when it hangs down large and loose. 



Fair, ». a gift from a fair, a fairing. — v. to 

treat at a fair. 
Fair, adj. plausible, pleasant ; clean, tidy, set 
in order ; likely, having a good chance ; 
complete, utter. — adv. quite, completely, 
thoroughly ; exactly. — v. used of the 
weather : to become fine, clear up. 
Fair, v. to travel ; to fare ; to entertain with 

food. Cf. Fare. 
Fair-ba's, n. fairplay. 
Fair-ea'in, n. address, skill, care. — adj. 

plausible, smooth-tongued. 
Faird, n. stir, bustle ; a violent onset, a 

wrangle. — v. to bustle ; to wrangle. 
Faird, v. to paint. Cf. Fard. 
Fairdie, adj. passionate, irascible ; clever, 

handy. 
Fairding, «. painting ; embellishment. 
Fair fa', phr. good-luck to, an expression of 

good wishes. 
Fair-fa', v. to wrestle. — n. a wrestling-match. 
Fair-faced, adj. of plausible or deceitful 

appearance. 
Fair-fa'in, «. a wrestling. 
Fair fa' ma sel', phr. used of one who boasts 

of his success. 
Fair-farand, adj. good to look at but hurtful. 
Fair-fashioned, -fassint, adj. apparently, but 

not really, civil ; fair-seeming, plausible. 
Fair-faughlit, ppl. adj. worn-out, jaded by 

fatigue. Cf. Forfaughlit. 
Fair fa' ye, int. good-luck to you ! 
Fairfle, n. an eruption of the skin. 
Fairflitten, n. a severe scolding. — ppl. adj. 

severely scolded. Cf. Forflitten. 
Fair-flutter, v. to discompose. — n. agitation. 

Cf. Forflutter. 
Fair folk, n. fairies. 

Fair-foor-, -four-, -fuir-days, «. broad day- 
light. 
Fair-furth, Fair-furth-the-gate,^;-. straight- 
forward, honest. 
Fair-ga'en, adj. used of an invalid : likely to 

recover. 
Fair-grass, n. the goose-grass ; the buttercup. 
Fair-gude-day, n. good-morning. 
Fair-gude-e'en, n. good-evening. 
Fair-hair, n. the tendon of the neck of cattle 

or sheep. 
Fair hornie, ». fairplay. 
Fairin', n. a gingerbread fairing ; a present 
bought at a fair; a drubbing, deserts; 
holding a fair. 
Fairin', n. food, fare. Cf v Faring. 
Fairish, adj. tolerably good. — adv. fairly. 
Fairlaithie, v. to loathe ; to disgust. — «. a 

loathing ; a surfeit. Cf. Forlaithie. 
Fairleens, Fairlins, adv. almost, not quite. 
Fairley, n. a wonder. — v. to wonder, think 
strange. Cf. Ferly. 



Fairly 



163 



Famh 



Fairly, adv. quite ; certainly, surely. 

Fairly-fu', adj. full of wonder. Cf. Ferly-full. 

Fairm, n. a farm. — v. to farm. 

Fairmaist, adj. foremost. 

Fairney cloots, n. the small horny substance 

above the hoofs, where the pastern of a 

horse lies, but said to be found only in 

sheep or goats. 
Fairney-, Fairn-tickles, n. freckles. Cf. 

Fern-tickles. 
Fairntosh, n. ' peat-reek ' whisky formerly 

distilled at Ferintosh in Ross-shire. 
Fairn-year, n. the past year. Cf. Fern-year. 
Fairock, n. a mock sun. 
Fair-ower, -owre, adv. in exact exchange. 
Fairscomfisht, ppl. adj. overcome by heat or 

a bad smell. Cf. Forscomfist. 
Fair-strae-death, n. a natural death in bed. 
Fairt, ppl. adj. afraid. 
Fair-trade, n. smuggling. 
Fairy-dart, n. a flint arrow-head. 
Fairy-green, n. a small circle of darker green 

grass in meadows, &c, supposed to be the 

fairies' dancing-ground. 
Fairy-hammer, n. a ' celt ' or stone-hatchet. 
Fairy-hillock, n. a verdant knoll, supposed to 

have been the dwelling- or the dancing- place 

of fairies. 
Fairy-knowe, n. a ' fairy-hillock.' 
Fairy-rade, n. the fairies' expedition to where 

they held their great annual banquet on 

May 1. 
Fairy-ring, n. a ' fairy-green. ' 
Faise, v. to drive ; to disturb ; to put to incon- 
venience. — n. inconvenience. Cf. Fease. 
Faise, v. to screw, twist ; used of cloth : to 

fray out ; of a sharp instrument : to have 

the edge jagged or turned up ; to rub hard ; 

to work briskly. Cf. Feeze. 
Faishochs, n. sorry workers who do little. 

Cf. Faighlochs. 
Faisins, n. stringy parts of cloth, resembling 

lint, applied to a wound. Cf. Feeze. 
Fait, adj. fit; clever; neat, tidy. — n. an 

achievement. Cf. Feat. 
Fait, n. in phr, ' to lose fait of,' to lose one's 

good opinion of. 
Faitchen, ppl. fetched. 
Faith, int. an excl. indeed ! truly ! 
Faitha, int. by my faith ! 
Faith and troth, phr. by my faith and truth ! 
Faither, n. father. 

Faix, «. a mild expletive, faith. — int. faith ! 
Faizart, n. a hermaphrodite of the hen-tribe ; 

a puny young man of feminine appearance ; 

an impudent or shameless person. 
Faize, v. to twist ; used of cloth : to unravel, 

fray out, assume the form of the raw 

material where there is a rent ; to turn 

the edge of a razor. Cf. Feeze. 



Faizing, n. the stringy parts of cloth when the 
woof is rubbed out from the warp. 

Faizle, v. to flatter, coax. 

Fak, «. fact. Cf. Fack. 

Fake, n. a sight, a vision. 

Fake, n. the strand of a rope. 

Fakes, n. an excl. used in mild oaths. Cf. 
Faix. 

tFaleage, n. the right of mowing. 

Fald, n. a sheep-fold. — v. to enclose in a 
sheep-fold. Cf. Fauld. 

Fald, n. a fold. — v. to fold ; to bend ; to 
enfold ; to bow. 

Fald-dyke, n. a turf wall round a sheep-fold. 

Falderal, Faldaral, n. a gewgaw, useless orna- 
ment ; an idle fancy ; a trifling excuse ; a 
pedantic, giddy person ; in pi. odds and 
ends, trifles. — v. to make trifling excuses; 
to behave in a pedantic, giddy way. 

Fale, n. a flat piece of turf. Cf. Fail. 

Falk, n. the razor-bill. 

Falkland-bred, adj. bred at court, courtly, 
polished. 

Fall, n. scrap, offal. 

Fall, n. a trap, a fall-trap. Cf. Fa'. 

Fall, n. a measure of 6 ells square, a perch. 

Fallall, n. a superfluous article of dress or part 
of dress, superficial ornament of women's 
dress ; a gewgaw, trumpery ornament ; a 
' kickshaw,' needless dainty. 

tFallauge, Falawdge, adj. lavish, profuse. Cf. 
Volage. 

Fall-board, n. the hinged wooden shutter of 
an unglazed window. 

Fall-cap, n. a stuff cap worn by a child to pro- 
tect the head in falling. 

Fallen-star, n. the sea-nettle ; in pi. the jelly 
tremella, a gelatinous plant found in pas- 
tures, &c. , after rain. 

Falling nieve, ». a method of cheating at 
marbles. 

Falling-sickness, n. epilepsy. 

Falloch, n. a large lump, heap, piece of eat- 
ables or of anything lumpish or weighty. 

Fallow, n. a fellow ; a match. 

Fallow-break, n. land under grass for two 
years, and then ploughed up. 

Fallow-chat, «. the wheatear. 

Falsary, n. a liar, cheat, a false witness. 

Falser, n. a user of false weights, &c. 

Falset, n. falsehood ; dishonesty. 

False-tastedly, adv. in false or bad taste. 

Falten, n. a fillet. 

tFaltive, adj. faulty. 

Fame, n. common report ; country gossip. 

Fame, n. a film of anything floating on 
another ; a rage, passion. — v. to be in a 
rage. 

Famh, Famhphear, n. a small, noxious beast ; 
a monster ; a cruel, mischievous person. 



Family duty 



164 



Farrand 



Family duty, n. family worship. 

Famous, adj. of good character ; well reported 

of. 
Fan, adv. when. 
Fan, n. fanners for winnowing. 
Fan', Fand, v. pret. and ppl. found. 
Fancy, v. to care for, fall in love with. — n. 

affection, liking. 
Fand, n. a bow, knot. 

Fane, adj. of meal : of bad quality. Cf. Fain. 
Fane, n. an elf, fairy. 
Fanerels, n. anything loose or flapping. 
Fang, v. to clutch, grasp ; to steal ; to fill a 

pump with water to make it work properly. 

— n. a trap, a ' tight place ' ; the act of 

thieving ; spoil, booty, anything stolen ; a 

catch in buying ; a cheap bargain ; a heavy 

burden in the hands or arms ; a claw, hook, 

talon ; a thief, scamp ; a term of contempt ; 

a lout ; the coil of a rope, the thong of a 

whip ; the grip or power of suction in 

a pump ; a large lump or ' whang ' cut from 

something. 
Fank, n. an enclosure ; a sheep-cot, a pen for 

cattle at night. — v. to fold or pen sheep or 

cattle. 
Fank, n. a coil, noose ; a tangle ; a coil of 

ropes. — v. to coil a rope ; to twist ; to 

entangle the feet ; to hinder. 
Fank-day, n. the day on which sheep were 

clipped. 
Fankle, v. to entangle, twist ; to knot ; to 

coil, wind ; to disorder, complicate. — «. an 

entanglement. 
Fa' o', v. to abate. 
Fa' o'er, v. to fall asleep ; used of a woman : 

to be confined. 
Faple, n. the under-lip, especially of a horse. 

Cf. Faiple. 
Far, adv. where ; whither. Cf. Whaur. 
Far, adv. greatly, much. — n. a degree ; the 

greater part. — adj. difficult; mphr. 'far to 

seek,' not easy to find. 
Farack, n. a small mark on the skin. 
Far aff, adj. distantly related. 
Farand, adj. seeming. Cf. Fair-farand. 
Farand-man, n. a stranger, traveller ; a 

merchant-stranger. 
Far-awa, adj. used of relationship : distant ; 

of time or place : remote, distant. — n. 

abroad, ' foreign parts.' 
Far-awa-screed, n. a letter or news from 

abroad. 
Far-ben, adj. in high favour ; in one's good 

graces ; intimate ; advanced. 
Far-by, adv. far past, beyond, —prep, quite 

beyond. 
Farcie, adj. righteous. 

Far-come, adj. foreign, at a distance ; dis- 
tantly related. 



fFarcost, n. a trading-vessel. 

Fard, v. to paint ; to embellish. — n. paint ; 

embellishment. 
Far'd, ppl. adj. favoured ; mannered. 
Fard, n. a. bustle, stir ; a violent onset. Cf. 

Faird. 
Fardel, n. a quantity, a lot. 
Fardel, n. progress. — adj. ready for future use. 

— v. to store up for the future. Cf. Fordal. 
Farden, Fardin, n. a farthing. 
Farder, adj. farther. — adv. further, farther. 

— v. to further. 
Fardest, adj. and adv. furthermost, farthest. 
Farding, n. painting ; embellishment. 
Fare, n. a fair ; a present from a fair. Cf. 

Fair. 
Fare, v. to entertain with food ; to serve with 

food. 
Farer, adj. further, farther. 
Farest, adj. furthermost, farthest. 
Fareway, n. the passage or channel in a river 

or the sea for a ship, &c. 
Fareweel, n. farewell. 
Far-hie-an-atour, phr. at a considerable 

distance. 
Farie, n. a stir, bustle ; phr. ' nery-farie,' a 

great hubbub. 
Faring, n. food, fare. 
Faxkage, n. a confused bundle of things ; a 

mass of cordage entangled beyond un- 
ravelling. 
Far-keeker, n. the eye. 
Far-kent, adj. widely known. 
Farle, n. a quarter segment of oatcake ; a 

cake. 
Far-leukit, adj. far-seeing, prudent, penetrat- 
ing. 
Farley, Farlie, adj. strange, unusual. Cf. 

Ferly. 
Farlin, n. the box or trough out of which the 

' gutters ' take the herrings. 
Farm, n. rent ; part of farm -rent paid in 

grain or meaL 
Farm-meal, n. rent paid in oatmeaL 
Farm-steading, n. a farmstead. 
Farm-town, n. a farmhouse and buildings. 
Farn-year, n. the preceding year, last year. 

Cf. Femyear. 
tFaroucnie, adj. ferocious, savage, cruel. 
Far-out, adj. distantly related. 
Far-ower, adv. too, far too. 
Farra, adj. used of a cow : not with calf. Cf. 

Farrow. 
Farrach, Farrich, Farroeh, n. force, strength, 

ability, pith, energy ; managing faculty. 
Faxrachie, adj. strong, able, energetic. 
Farran, adj. starboard. 
Farrand, Farrant, Farren, adj. fashioned, 

seeming, mannered, sagacious ; well - be - 

haved. 



Farrel 



165 



Faucht 



Farrel, «. a quarter of a circular oatcake. 
Cf. Farle. 

Farrer, adj. further, farther. 

Farres, n. boundaries ; ridges marked out by 
the plough. 

Farrest, adj. furthermost, farthest. 

Farrow, adj. used of a cow : not with calf; 
not yielding milk. 

Farry, v. to farrow ; to bring forth pigs. 

Far-seen, adj. learned ; penetrating ; prudent ; 
well-instructed. 

Farshach, n. the greater black-headed gull. 

Farthel, ». the quarter of a circular oatcake. 
Cf. Farle. 

Farthing-compliment, «. a worthless compli- 
ment. 

Far-through, adj. very weak, near death. 

Far to the fore, phr. much to be preferred to. 

Far-yaud, n. a shepherd's cry to his dog. 

Fas, ». a knot ; bunch ; a truss of straw, &c. 
Cf. Fass. 

Fa-say, n. a sham, pretence. 

Fascal, n. a. straw mat used to screen from 
draughts. 

Fascious, adj. troublesome. Cf. Fashious. 

tFash, v. to trouble, inconvenience, vex, 
worry with importunity ; to weary ; to vex 
one's self, be annoyed. — n. trouble, care, 
annoyance, vexation, labour ; a troublesome 
person ; one who molests, &c — phr. to 
'fash one's beard,' 'head,' 'noddle,' or 
' thumb,' to trouble or vex one's self. 

tFashery, n. trouble, worry, annoyance, 
vexation. 

Fashion, n. in phr. 'for the fashion,' for 
appearance' sake ; ' to make a fashion,' to 
make a show or pretence. 

Fashioned,///, adj. fashionable, in the fashion ; 
conditioned. 

Fashionless, adj. out of fashion. 

tFashious, Fashous, adj. troublesome, vexa- 
tious ; not easily pleased. 

Fashiousness, n. troublesomeness. 

Fashrie, n. trouble, worry. Cf. Fashery. 

Faskidar, n. the northern gull. 

Fass, n. a knot, bunch ; a truss of straw, &c. 

Fassag, n. a straw hassock as a seat for a 
child, or, when broad and thin, for backs 
of horses. Cf. Fass. 

Fassint, ppl. adj. fashioned. 

FasBit,///. adj. knotted. 

tFasson, Fassin, n. fashion. 

Fast, adj. busily engaged with ; trustworthy, 
firm ; very near or intimate ; forward ; 
irascible. 

Fast and snell, phr. straightforward, in a 
straight line, briskly and without devia- 
tion. 

Fasten-, Fasten's-e'en, n. Shrove Tuesday. 

Faster-, Fastern's-eve, n. Shrove Tuesday. 



Fasting-spittle, n. a fasting man's saliva, as 
a supposed cure for ringworm. 

Fastren's-eve, n. Shrove Tuesday- 
Fat, adj. what. 

Fat, adj. thriving, prosperous ; used of soil : 
rich, fertile. 

Fat-a-feek, adj. used of the weather : favour- 
able, seasonable. 

Fatality, n. fate ; a fatal defect. 

Fatch, v. to fetch. 

Fatch, v. to shift horses at the plough. — n. 
exchange. Cf. Fotch. 

Fatch, n. in phr. 'at the fatch,' toiling, 
drudging. 

Fatch-pleugh, n. a plough employed for two 
yokings each day ; a plough used for killing 
weeds in turnip-drills, a 'harrow-plough.' 
Cf. Fotch-plough. 

Father, n. yd. phr. ' father and son,' a boys' game. 

Father-better, adj. surpassing one's father. 

Father-brother, n. a paternal uncle. 

Father-in-law, n. a step-father. 

Father's-fiddle, n. a boys' game. 

Father-sister, n. a paternal aunt. 

Father-waur, adj. worse than one's father. 

Fathom, v. to grasp or hold in one's arms ; to 
measure by the outstretched arms. 

Fathoming a rick, stack, phr. a Hallowe'en 
ceremony of measuring a stack with out- 
stretched arms thrice against the sun, when 
the last ' fathom ' would show the apparition 
of the future husband or wife. 

Fa' throw, v. to bungle ; to cease working 
through sloth or carelessness. 

Fa' till, v. to attack ; to begin to eat. 

Fatna, adj. what sort of a. 

Fat-reck, int. who cares? — conj. notwith- 
standing. Cf. Whatreck. 

Fat-recks, int. an excl. of surprise. Cf. 
Whatrack. 

Fatten, adj. what sort of. 

Fattenin' and battenin', phr. a toast of a 
child's fattening and thriving, given at its 
baptism in private, when the bread, cheese, 
and whisky customary are partaken of. 

Fatter, v. to thresh the awns of barley. 

Fatter, Fattera, adj. what sort of. 

Fattrils, Fattrels, n. folds, puckerings ; rib- 
bon-ends ; ornaments of a woman's dress. 

Fauce, adj. false. Cf. Fause. 

Fauch, ». fallow ground ; land ploughed at 
Martinmas for a green crop the next year. — 
adj. fallow. — v. to fallow ; to beat soundly ; 
to rub vigorously. Cf. Faugh. 

Fauch, adj. pale-red ; dun ; fallow-coloured. 
Cf. Faugh. 

Fauchentulie, n. a contentious argument. — 
v. to contend in argument. 

Faucht, n. a fight, struggle. — v. pret. did 
fight, —ppl. fought. 



Fauchten 



166 



Feart-like 



Fauchten, ^>/. fought. 
Fauconless, adj. without strength. 
Faucumtulies, n. fowls, &c. , paid as 'cain,' 

or part of rent, to a landlord. 
Faud, n. a fold. — v. to fold ; to bow ; vaphr. 

' faud the houchs,' to sit down. 
Faugh, adj. dun ; pale-red. 
Faugh, n. a furrow from lea ; fallow ground ; 

a tearing one's character to pieces. — adj. 

fallow. — v. to fallow ; to rub vigorously ; 

to beat soundly ; with up, to work with 

speed. 
Faugh-blue, adj. bleached blue. 
Faughin, ». a tearing up, ploughing ; a con- 
stant rubbing ; a beating. 
Faugh-riggs, «. fallow ground. 
Faughs, n. a division of land, not manured, 

but prepared for a crop by a slight fallowing. 
Faught, v. pret. did beat. Cf. Faugh. 
Faught, v. pret. and ppl. fought. — n. a. fight, 

struggle. 
Faul, «. a halo round the moon, indicating a 

fall of rain. 
Faul, Fauld, «. a sheep-fold. — v. to fold sheep. 
Faul, Fauld, n. a fold ; a curve. — v. to fold. 
Fauld, n. a section of a farm manured by 

folding sheep or cattle on it. 
Fauld-dyke, n. the wall of a sheep-fold. 
Faulderall, «. a gewgaw. 
Faulding, n. a sheep-fold. 
Faulding-slap, n. the gate or opening of a 

sheep-fold. 
Faulies, n. the ' faulds ' of a farm. 
Faulter, n. hesitation. 
Faun, v. pret. found. 

Faung, n. a big lump, a 'whang.' Cf. Fang. 
Faup, n. the curlew. Cf. Whaup. 
Fa' upon, v. to pilfer ; to tamper with. 
Faur, adv. where ; whither. 
Faur, adj. and adv. far. Cf. Far. 
Faured, Faurd, ppl. adj. favoured, featured. 
Faurer, adv. further, farther. 
Faurest, adj. furthermost, farthest. 
Fauron, adv. whereupon. 
Faur-on, adj. nearly drunk ; near death. 
FauBchious, adj. troublesome. Cf. Fashious. 
Fause, adj. false. — v. to coax, cajole. 
Fause-face, n. a mask ; a deceitful person ; a 

hypocrite. 
Fause-house, n. a vacant space in a stack for 

ventilation. 
Fause-loon, n. a traitor. — adj. traitorous. 
Fause-tail, n. a braid of hair. 
+Faut, Faute, it. a fault ; blame ; injury ; 

defect, want ; negligence. — v. to find fault 

with, blame ; to reprove. 
Faut, n. fortune, lot ; what befalls one. Cf. 

Fa', Faw. 
+Fauter, Fautor, n. an offender ; a guilty 

person. 



Faut-free, adj. blameless ; sound, not de- 
fective. 
Fautifu', adj. fault - finding ; not easy to 

please. 
Fautless, adj. faultless. 
Fauty, adj. faulty ; guilty ; unsound. 
Favour, n. countenance, complexion, appear- 
ance ; in pi. favour. — v. to resemble in 

feature or appearance. 
Favoured, ppl. adj. featured ; fashioned ; 

mannered. Cf. Faured. 
Faw, v. to fall ; to befall ; to obtain a share. 

— n. a fall ; a share ; a lot ; a trap. 
Faw, adj. pale-red, dun. Cf. Fauch. 
Fa' wi\ v. to go to waste or ruin. 
Fawn, n. -■• white spot on moorish or mossy 

ground ; a rough, wet place on a hill. 
Fawn, v. to caress, fondle ; to fawn upon. 
Fawsont, adj. honest, becoming, seemly. 
tFay, n. faith. 

Fay, adj. fated to die, near death. Cf. Fey. 
Faze, v. to inconvenience. Cf. Fease. 
Fead, n. feud, hatred, quarrel ; a cause of 

quarrel ; an enemy. 
Feake, n. that part of a full sack which is 

drawn together at the top by the cord that 

ties the sack. Cf. Faik. 
+Feal, adj. faithful, loyal ; just, fair. 
Feal, n. turf. Cf. Fail. 
Feal, adj. cosy ; clean, neat ; smooth, soft. 

Cf. Feil. 
Feam, v. to foam with rage, be in a violent 

passion. Cf. Fame. 
Fear, adj. strong ; entire. Cf. Fere. 
Fear, n. a fright. — v. to frighten, scare. 
Fearder, adj. more afraid. 
Feared, ppl. adj. afraid ; with for, afraid of. 
Fear-fangit, adj. panic-stricken, seized with 

fear. 
Fearfu', adj. easily frightened ; of very large 

quantity or dimension. — adv. exceedingly, 

extraordinarily. 
Fearle, adj. afraid. 
Fearn, «. prepared gut ; a fiddle-string. Cf. 

Fern. 
Fear-nothing, n. a rough cloth overcoat, a 

dreadnought. 
Fearn-owl, n. the night-jar. 
Fears, n. the prices of grain legally fixed in 

each county for the current year. Cf. 

Fiars. 
Fearsome, adj. terrifying, fearful, awful ; 

timid, frightened. 
Fearsome-like, adj. frightful, fearful. 
Fearsome-looking, adj. frightful-looking, of 

terrifying appearance. 
Fearsomely, adv. frightfully, dreadfully. 
Feart, ppl. adj. afraid ; timorous, cowardly. 

Cf. Feared. 
Feart-like, adj. like one afraid, frightened. 



Fease 

Fease, v. to drive ; to drive out ; to disturb, 
annoy. — re. annoyance, inconvenience. 

Fease, v. to screw, twist ; used of cloth : to 
fray out ; of a sharp instrument : to have 
the edge turned ; to rub hard ; to work 
briskly. Cf. Feeze. 

Feasible, adj. neat, tidy. — adv. neatly. Cf. 
Faceable. 

Feat, adj. fitting, fitted, suitable ; clever, 
smart ; dexterous ; tidy, neat, pretty. — adv. 
dexterously ; prettily. — v. to dress neatly ; 
to qualify, prepare. 

Feather, n. part of a peat-cutting spade at 
right angles with the broadest part. — v. 
used of a bird : to get feathers, to fly ; to 
beat, chastise, fall foul of. 

Feather-cling, re. a disease affecting black 
cattle. 

Feathered, ppl. adj. used of cattle : marked 
with a feather for identification. 

Feather-lock, re. a lock, the end of whose 
spring resembles the hairs of a feather. 

Feather-wheelie, n. the feverfew. 

Featless, adj. feeble. 

Featly, adv. cleverly, smartly ; prettily, 
neatly. 

tFeatour, re. a transgressor, evil-doer. 

Feat-peak, re. a neat top or finish to a stack, 
head-dress, &c. 

Feauk, re. a plaid. Cf. Faik. 

Feaze, v. to screw ; used of cloth : to fray 
out ; to turn the edge of a knife, &c. ; to 
rub hard ; to work briskly. Cf. Feeze. 

Feberwarry, Februar, re. February. 

Fechen, Fechin, ppl. fought. 

Fechie-lechie, adj. insipid, tasteless ; diminu- 
tive in size ; inactive. 

Fecht, v. to fight ; to struggle ; to harass. — 
re. a fight ; a struggle for a living, &c. ; 
hard work. 

Fechter, re. a fighter ; in pi. stalks of the rib- 
grass, which children use in a sort of mimic 
battle as weapons. 

Fechtie, n. a fighter. 

Fechtin'-cock, n. a cock trained to cock- 
fighting. 

Feck, re. value, worth ; the majority, the 
bulk ; abundance, quantity. — adj. strong, 
vigorous. 
Feck, v. to fidget ; to fuss ; to vex. Cf. 

Fike. 
Feck, re. familiar intercourse ; affection, 

esteem. 
Feck, v. to attain by dishonourable means, 

to steal. 
Fecket, re. a waistcoat, under-jacket ; a shirt. 
Feck-fack, re. a finicking job ; needless 
bustle. — v. to trifle away time. Cf. Fike- 
fack. 
Feck-fow, adj. wealthy, of substance. 



[67 



Feeder 



Feck-fow-like, adj. apparently wealthy ; cap- 
able-looking. 

Feckfu', adj. ' feck-fow ' ; capable, full of 
resource ; powerful, able ; stout. 

Feckfully, adv. efficiently, powerfully. 

Feckle, re. trouble, anxiety. 

Feckless, adj. weak, feeble, impotent ; in- 
capable, incompetent, not resourceful ; 
awkward, unhandy ; spiritless, weak in 
mind or resolution ; of little or no value, 
profitless ; trifling, pithless, tasteless ; poor, 
poverty-stricken. — re. the poor, the weak, 
the unhandy. 

Fecklessly, adv. weakly, incompetently, irre- 
sponsibly. 

Fecklessness, «. weakness, incompetence ; 
worthlessness. 

Fecklins, adj. physically weak ; spiritless ; 
irresponsible, worthless. 

Fecklins, adv. mostly, almost, chiefly. 

Feckly, adv. for the most part, mainly. 

Fecks, int. faith ! Cf. Faix. 

Fecky, adj. gaudy. 

Feet, 11. value ; a part, the larger part. — adj. 
strong, vigorous. Cf. Feck. 

Fectfully, adv. effectively, powerfully, effi- 
ciently. Cf. Feckfully. 

Fedam, re. unusual behaviour as presaging 
death. Cf. Feydom. 

Fedder, re. a feather, —v. to fly ; to fall foul of, 
chastise. Cf. Feather. 

Fede, re. a feud, enmity. 

Fed-gang, n. a 'foot-gang,' a low, narrow chest, 
extending along a wooden bed, and serving 
as a step to enter the bed. 

Fedmart, n. an ox fattened for killing at Mar- 
tinmas ; used also figuratively for one whose 
prosperity paves the way for his destruction. 

Fedmel, Fedmal, Fedmill, adj. fattened ; glut- 
tonous ; fat and lazy. 

Fedmit, re. a glutton. — adj. gluttonous. 

Fee, adj. predestined ; on the verge of death ; 
behaving strangely so as to presage death 
under a fatality. Cf. Fey. 

Fee, re. salary ; a servant's wages ; recom- 
pense. — v. to engage for wages, hire one's 
self ; to hire servants. 

Feech, int. an excl. of disgust. 

Feeohie, int. an excl. in games, by which 
one player holds another to the point. Cf. 
Feeshie. 
Feed, v. to supply a mill or machine with 
material. — 11. food, fodder, 'keep' for 
cattle, &c. 
Fee'd, ppl. adj. engaged for service. 
Feeder, n. an ox being fattened for the 
market ; one who supplies a mill or 
machine with material ; one who supplies 
balls, cherry-stones, &c. in various games ; 
one who fattens cattle for the butcher. 



Feeding-storm 



168 



Feeding-storm, n. an increasing fall of snow 

which threatens to continue long. 
Feedin-mairt, n. a bullock fattened for 

winter provision. 
Feedle, n. a field. 
Feedlie, n. a small field. 
Feedom, n. a presentiment or presage of 

death ; a fatality. Cf. Feydom. 
Feedow, n. the store of cherry-stones from 

which children furnish their 'castles of 

pips.' 
Feegarie, n. a gewgaw ; ■- woman s snowy, 

flaunting attire. Cf. Fleegarie. 
Feegh, int. an excl. of disgust. 
Feegur, n. a figure. 
Feeing, n. engaging as servants. 
Feeing-fair, -market, n. a hiring-fair or 

market for farm-servants. 
Feek-fike, n. a small household job ; need- 
less bustle. — v. to trifle away time. Cf. 

Fike-fack. 
Feel, v. to smell ; to taste ; to understand, 

comprehend. 
Feel, n. a fool. — adj. foolish. 
Feel, Feele, adj. smooth, soft. Cf. Feil. 
Feeless, adj. without wages or recognized 

worth. 
Feelimageeries, n. gewgaws, knick-knacks, 

useless trifles. 
Feelin'-hairted, adj. tender- or kind-hearted. 
Feelless, adj. without feeling or sensation ; 

insensible. 
Feem, v. to lie by, in the game of marbles. 
Feeneekin, n. a small person ; a person of a 

tart or finical disposition. 
Feenichin, adj. foppish, fantastical, finical. 
Feent, n. the devil ; nothing, not ; used in 

excls. or oaths. Cf. Fient. 
Feer, v. to draw the first furrow in ploughing ; 

to mark out the 'riggs' before ploughing 

the whole field. 
Feer, n. a standard, a measure ; a tall, lanky 

person. Cf. Fier. 
Feer, n. a companion. Cf. Fere. 
Feer, adj. vigorous, healthy. Cf. Fere. 
Feerach, n. vigour; 'go ; ability; agility. 

Cf. Farrach. 
Feerach, n. a bustle ; a confused, agitated 

state; a passion, rage ; a bustling person. — 

v. to hurry, bustle ; to work in a bustling 

or excited manner. Cf. Foorich. 
Feerachin, ppl. adj. bustling, agitated. — n. a 

bustling, confused state. 
Feerdy, adj. strong, able-bodied ; hale and 

hearty. — n. a person of good constitution. 
Feerdy-limbed, adj. stalwart, having sturdy 

limbs. 
Feer for feer, phr. an equal match. Cf. Fere. 
Feerich, n. strength, ability, energy. Cf. 

Farrach. 



Feet up 

to bustle. Cf. 



Feerich, n. a bustle. - 

Foorich. 
Feerichin, ppl. adj. bustling. 
Feerie, adj. clever ; active ; nimble. 
Feerie, adj. in poor health, looking weakly. 
Feerilie, adv. nimbly, cleverly. 
Feering, n. the furrow drawn out to mark the 

' riggs ' before ploughing the whole field. 
Feering-furrow, n. the ' feering. ' 
Feerious, adj. furious ; exceeding. — adv. ex- 
ceedingly, used intensively. 
Feerly, adj. vigorously. Cf. Ferely. 
Feeroch, n. bustle. — v. to bustle. Cf. 

Foorich. 
Feeroeh, n. strength ; force. Cf. Farrach. 
Feerochrie, n. ability, activity, agility. Cf. 

Farrach. 
Feerochrie, n. a state of great anger or 

passion. Cf. Foorich. 
Feerrich, n. bustle. — v. to bustle. Cf. 

Foorich. 
Feers, n. the prices of grain for each county 

legally settled for the current year. Cf. 

Fiars. 
Feersday, n. Thursday. 
Feery, n. tumult, bustle, confusion ; rage, 

passion. 
Feery-fary, n. a great hubbub ; an angry 

tumult. 
Feery o' the feet, phr. active in moving the 

feet. 
Feese, v. to screw ; to squeak like a screw 

turning ; to turn, twist ; used of cloth : to 

fray out. Cf. Feeze. 
Feese, v. to drive ; to put to inconvenience. 

— n. inconvenience, annoyance. Cf. Fease. 
Feese, v. to saunter about a spot. 
Feesh, v. pret. fetched. 
Feeshie, int. an excl. keeping or bringing an 

opponent to a point, used in boys fights 

and games. 
Feess, v. pret. fetched. 
Feesyhant, n. a pheasant. Cf. Ephesian. 
Feet, n. in curling : an acceleration of a stone 

by sweeping before it. 
Feet-ale, n. drink after a cattle-sale, paid by 

the seller. 
Feet-fa'in', n. the period of childbirth. 
Feeth, Feeth-net, n. a fixed net stretching 

across a river. 
Feeties, n. a child's feet ; small feet. 
Feeting, n. running. 

Feets, n. in phr. ' fit-out-o'-the-feets,' a desig- 
nation given to one who betrays a genuine 

spirit of contradiction ; one who will not 

keep his feet out of the ' theets ' or traces. 
Feetsides, n. ropes used for chains, fixed to 

the 'haims' and to the 'swingle-tree' in 

ploughing. 
Feet up, int. a call to a stumbling horse. 



Feet-washing 



169 



Pelt 



Feet-washing, re. the custom of washing the 

feet of a bride or a bridegroom the night 

before marriage ; the night before marriage. 
Feeze, v. to screw, twist, turn ; used of a 

sharp instrument : to have the edge turned ; 

of cloth : to fray out ; to rub hard ; to work 

briskly. 
Feeze about, -v. to hang off and on, keep 

near a place ; to potter or shuffle about ; to 

turn round. 
Feeze into, v. to ingratiate one's self, to worm 

into confidence. 
Feeze-nail, n. a screw-nail. 
Feeze off, v. to unscrew. 
Feeze on, v. to screw. 
Feeze-pin, n. a screw-pin. 
Feeze up, v. to flatter ; to work up into a 

passion. 
Feezing, n. a continuance of hard rubbing ; 

briskness in working ; in pi. the stringy 

parts of cloth when the woof is rubbed out 

from the warp. 
Feff, re. a stench, bad odour. 
Teit,ppl. adj. put in legal possession; claimed 

by right or long possession. 
Feftment, re. enfeoffment. 
Feg, n. a thing of no value ; a fig. 
Feg, v. to propel a marble with the thumb 

from the middle of the second finger curved ; 

to knock off a marble lying close to another. 
Feghie-lechie, adj. insipid ; diminutive. Cf. 

Fechie-lechie. 
Fegrim, re. a whim ; finery. 
Fega, re. faith. — int. truly ! used in mild oaths 

and excls. of surprise. 
Feich, int. an excl. of disgust. Cf. Feigh. 
Feid, re. feud, enmity ; a cause of quarrel ; an 

enemy. 
Feidom, re. enmity. 
Feigh, int. fie ! an excl. of disgust. 
Feigning, ppl. uttering excls. of disgust. 
Feight, n. a fight, struggle. — v. to fight. Cf. 

Fecht. 
Feignyie, v. to feign, pretend ; to forge. 
Feik, v. to fidget. — n. the fidgets. Cf. Fike. 
Feike, v. to screw ; to force ; to abate a legal 

due under pressure. 
Feik-fak, n. a troublesome job; needless 

bustle. — v. to trifle away time. Cf. Fike- 

fack. 
Feil, adj. comfortable, snug ; soft, smooth ; 

silky to the touch. 
Feil, adj. many. 

Feil, re. a thin piece of turf; a sod. Cf. Fail. 
Feil, adv. very ; exceedingly. Cf. Fell. 
Feil-beg, n. a fillibeg. 
Feim, n. foam ; a great heat over the body, 

with violent perspiration. Cf. Fame, Faim. 
Feint, Feind, n. the devil, used in strong 

negations. Cf. Fient. 



Feinyie, Feinzie, v. to feign ; to forge. 

Feir, v. to draw the first furrow in ploughing. 

Cf. Feer. F * * 

Feir, n. a standard of measurement ; a long, 

lanky person. Cf. Fier. 
Feir, n. a companion. Cf. Fere. 
Feir, n. military equipment. 
Feirdy, adj. strong, sturdy. Cf. Feerdy. 
Feirie, adj. clever. Cf. Feerie. 
Feiroch, adj. clever, strong, active. Cf. 

Farrach. 
Feiroch, n. a bustle ; a bustling person. — v. 

to hurry, bustle. Cf. Foorich. 
Feish, v. pret. fetched. 
Feist, re. a noiseless breaking of wind. 
Feist, v. to exert one's self with difficulty and 

little effect. — n. exertion with little effect ; 

a weak person. 
Feit, adj. clever, dexterous. Cf. Feat. 
Feith, n. a fixed net stretching out into the 

bed of a river. Cf. Feeth. 
Fek, n. plenty. Cf. Feck. 
Fell, n. the cuticle immediately above the 

flesh. 
Fell, re. a fairly level field on the top or side 

of a hill ; until led ground, or ground unfit 

for pasture, lying high. 
Fell, v. to stun ; to kill ; to injure severely or 

fatally ; to surpass, beat ; to cast out a net 

from a boat ; to befall, happen. — n. lot, 

destiny ; a knock-down blow. 
tFell, adj. keen, pungent, tasty; eager, desirous, 

energetic, sharp, intelligent ; severe, cutting ; 

strong, valiant, vigorous ; grave, serious, 

weighty; strange, unusual ; great, very large. 

— adv. exceedingly, used as an intensive. 
Fell, n. a thin piece of turf; a sod. Cf. Fail. 
Fell, n. a large quantity. 
Fell-bloom, n. the birds' trefoil, yellow clover. 

Cf. Bloom-fell. 
Fell-down, n. a fight, struggle. 
Felled, ppl. adj. overcome with surprise ; 

prostrate with illness. 
Felled-, Fell't-sick, adj. extremely sick, so as 

to be unable to stir. 
Fellenly, adv. vigorously ; effectively. 
Fellill, Fellin, re. a disease affecting the skin 

of cattle. 
Fellin, Fellon, adv. pretty ; very ; wonderfully. 
Fellon, Felon, «. a whitlow. 
Fellon-, Fellin-grass, re. the plant Angelica 

sylveslris. 
Fell-rot, n. a disease of sheep, affecting the 

skin. 
Fell well, adv. very well. 
Felt, n. creeping wheat-grass, couch-grass ; a 

thick growth of weeds. — v. to become 

matted or entangled. 
Felt, Feltie, re. the missel-thrush. 
Felt, n. the disease of the stone. 



Felter 

Felter, v. to encumber, cling about ; to weave 
cloth faultily; to filter, fall in drops. — n. a 
fault in weaving, a knot. 
Felt-, Felty-gravel, ». the disease of the sandy 

gravel. 
Feltifare, n. the redshank. 
Feltiflyer, n. the fieldfare. 
Felt-marshal, n. a provost-marshal. 
Femlans, n. the remains of a feast.. 
Femmel, v. to select the best, rejecting the 

remainder as refuse. 
Femmil, adj. well-knit, athletic ; active, agile. 

— n. strength, stamina. 
Fen', v. to defend ; to work hard for a living ; 

to manage to subsist. Cf. Fend. 
Fence, v. to protect from, defend ; to open 
formally an assembly or law-court ; to warn 
off, debar from the Lord's Table unworthy 
communicants. — n. the act of 'fencing' a 
court ; a prohibition ; security. 
Fence-fed, adj. stall-fed, well-nourished. 
Fence-louper, n. an animal that leaps over 
bounds or fences in a field ; an intractable 
person ; one who goes beyond bounds. 
Fencer, n. a pugilist ; any one who fights 

with his fists. 
Fencible, adj. capable of bearing arms to 
defend the country. — n. in pi. militia ; 
persons capable of bearing arms. 
Fencing, n. the warning addressed to intend- 
ing communicants before the administration 
of our Lord's Supper. 
Fencing-prayer, n. prayer in connection with 

the ' fencing of the tables.' 
Fend, v. to defend, shelter, guard ; to ward off, 
turn aside ; to work hard for a livelihood, to 
struggle ; to make shift, provide for ; to fare, 
get on ; to support life, exist ; to manage, 
provide subsistence. — n. a defence, protec- 
tion ; an attempt, endeavour ; a struggle for 
existence ; provision, food ; a makeshift. 
Fend-cauld, n. what wards off the cold. 
Fend-fou, adj. resourceful, good at finding 

expedients. 
Fendie, Fendy, adj. economical ; resourceful ; 

handy ; buoyant ; healthy. 
Fending, n. means of subsistence, livelihood ; 

management, providence. 
Fendless, adj. shiftless; without energy; 

weak, without body or flavour. 
tFeneater, n. a window ; a casement. 
Fenniegreg, n. fenugreek. 
Fennin, n. means of subsistence ; contriving. 

Cf. Fending. 
Fenny, adj. clever ; resourceful ; handy ; 

healthy. Cf. Fendie. 
Fensible, adj. well fenced. 
tFent, n. an opening or slit in a sleeve, shirt, 
coat, or petticoat ; in pi. remnants of cloth 
sewed together. 



170 



Ferny-hirst 



Fent-piece, n. a piece of cloth sewed to the 
upper end of a ' fent ' to prevent its tearing. 
Fenwick-twist, n. a twist given in delivering 
a curling-stone, introduced first, and prac- 
tised more generally, by the curlers of 
Fenwick in Ayrshire. 
Fenzie, v. to feign. Cf. Feignyie. 
tFercost, n. a barque. Cf. Farcost. 
Ferd, n. force. Cf. Faird. 
Ferdilest, adj. strongest, stoutest. 
Ferdin, n. a farthing. Cf. Fardin. 
Ferdy, adj. strong, active. Cf. Feerdy. 
Fere, n. a friend, comrade ; a spouse ; an 

equal, match. 
Fere, n. a company, a troop. 
Fere, n. a puny, dwarfish person. 
Fere, adj. strong, sturdy, entire ; phi: ' hale 
and fere,' thoroughly healthy, whole and 
entire. 
Ferely, adv. vigorously. 
Ferie, adj. vigorous, active. Cf. Feery. 
Ferie-fary, 11. bustle, stir, disorder. 
Feriness, n. adhesiveness, consolidation. 
Ferintosh, n. ' peat-reek ' whisky distilled at 

Ferintosh in Ross-shire. 
Feritie, n. violence. 

Ferkishin, n. a crowd ; a large quantity. 
Ferle, n. a quarter of oatcake. Cf. Farle. 
Ferly, adj. strange, wonderful. — n. a wonder ; 
a novelty ; a ' curio, ' a curiosity ; used 
contemptuously for 1 'sight,' spectacle ; in 
pi. show-things, the 'lions' of a place. — 
v. to wonder, be surprised at. 
Ferly-fnll, adj. astonished ; filled with wonder. 
Ferly-, Ferlie-troke, n. a strange, miscel- 
laneous stock of goods. 
Ferm, n. prepared gut, ' thairm ' ; the string 

of a fiddle, &c. Cf. Fern. 
Ferm, Ferme, n. a farm ; farm-rent. 
Ferme-meal, n. meal paid as rent. 
Fermentated, ppl. adj. used of the stomach : 
distended owing to the fermenting of its 
contents. 
Fern, n. a prepared gut as a fiddle-string. 
Fernent, prep, opposite to. — adv. in front. 

Cf. Forenent. 
Ferner, n. a remote, indefinite period ; a time 
or date that may never arrive. — adv. never. 
Cf. Fern-year. 
Ferniegreg, n. fenugreek. 
Fer-nothing, n. a 'dreadnought' coat. Cf. 

Fear-nothing. 
Fern-storm, n. rain caused by the burning of 

fern or heather. 
Fern-tickled, ppl. adj. freckled. 
Fern-tickles, n. freckles. 
Ferny-buss, «. a clump of ferns. 
Fern-year, -yer, n. the last or past year ; a 

time that may never come. 
Ferny-hirst, n. a fern-clad hill. 



Ferny-ticle 



171 



Fey-crop 



Ferny-, Ferni-ticle, n. a freckle. 

Fern-zeax, -zeer, -zier, re. ' fern-year.' 

Ferra, adj. used of a cow : not having a calf ; 
not yielding milk. — re. a cow not with calf. 
Cf. Farrow. 

Ferrichie, adj. strong, robust. Cf. Feerochrie. 

Ferrick, re. a mock sun. Cf. Fairock. 

Ferrow, adj. and re. ' ferra. ' 

Ferry, v. to bring forth young. — adj. not in 
calf, farrow. 

Ferry-louper, re. a settler from Scotland in 
Orkney ; one not a native of Orkney. 

Fersell, Fershell, adj. bustling, energetic. — v. 
to fuss about ; to rustle, bustle. 

Fersie, re. the farcy. 

Ferss, Fers, adj. fierce. — adv. fiercely. 

Ferter, n. a fairy. 

Ferter, Fertor, Fertour, re. a casket, a coffin. 

Ferter-like, adj. seeming ready for the coffin ; 
death-like. 

Ferture, re. wrack and ruin. 

Ferven', adv. eagerly, readily, fervently. 

Fesart, re. an impudent person. Cf. Faizart. 

Fesh, v. to fetch. 

Fesh, v. to trouble. Cf. Fash. 

Feshen, ppl. fetched. 

Fesil, v. to rustle. Cf. Fissle. 

Fes'n, v. to fasten. 

Fess, v. to fetch. 

Fessen, v. to fasten. 

Tessen., ppl. fetched. 

Fess't, Fest, adj. and adv. fast. 

Fest, re. a feast, festival. 

Festen, v. to fasten, to bind. 

Festeren's-,Festren's-eve, re. Shrove Tuesday. 
Cf. Fasten's-eve. 

Feflty-cook, re. new-ground meal made into a 
ball, and baked among the burning ' seeds ' 
in a kiln or mill. 

Fetch, v. to draw a long breath, gasp ; to pull 
by fits and starts ; to strike a blow ; to 
arrive at ; to catch sight of. — re. a trick, 
stratagem ; a long, deep breath, as of one 
dying ; a tug ; a jerk. 

Fetching, re. a long, deep breath ; a gasping 
for breath. 

Feth, re. faith. — int. faith ! 

Fether, re. father. 

Fetherfewie, re. feverfew. 

Fethir, re. a feather. — v. to chastise ; to fly. 
Cf. Feather. 

Fett, adj. neat, tidy ; clever. Cf. Feat. 

Fettle, «. state, condition ; temper, humour ; 
energy, power ; order, repair ; faculty or 
capacity of speech, movement, &c. — v. to 
repair, put in good order ; to attend 
to animals ; to dress, put on clothes ; to 
trim up; to beat, 'settle'; to set about or 
to work ; to manage. — adj. trim ; well- 
made ; in good condition. 



Fettle, n. » rope or strap by which a creel 
can be carried on the back, leaving the 
arms free ; a handle of straw or rope on 
the side of a large basket or creel. — v. to 
wind a band or rope round anything ; 
to fasten a ' fettle ' to a creel. 

Feu, re. land held in perpetuity, or for 99 years, 
generally, in payment of a yearly rent. — v. to 
let out land in ' feu' ; to take land in ' feu.' 

Feu, v. to promise well, make a good 
beginning. Cf. Few. 

Feuach, re. a very short, light crop of grass or 
grain. 

Feuar, re. one who takes land in ' feu,' 
generally for building. 

Feuch, int. an excl. of disgust. Cf. Feegh. 

Feuch, v. to smoke a pipe. — re. a whiff of a 
pipe, a short smoke. 

Feuch, re. a sounding blow. — v. to work 
hard. Cf. Feugh. 

Feuchin, ppl. fought. Cf. Feughen. 

Feuchin up, re. a sound beating. 

Feuchit, re. a sounding blow. 

Feuchter, n. a slight fall of snow. 

Feu-duty, -ferine, re. the yearly rent of a ' feu. ' 

Feug, re. a sharp and sudden blow. 

Feuggil, n. a small twisted bundle of hay, 
straw, rags, &c. for stopping a hole. 

Feuggle, v. to beat soundly. 

Feugglin', n. a beating. 

Feugh, v. to smoke. — re. a short smoke. Cf. 
Feuch. 

Feugh, re. a sounding blow ; a sharp and 
sudden blow; a rush, a rushing sound. — 
v. to work hard ; with up, to beat soundly. 

Feughen,///. fought. 

Feughin up, re. a sound beating. 

Feught, v. pret. fought. 

Feughter, re. a sudden, slight fall of snow. 
Cf. Feuchter. 

Fever, v. to become excited. 

Fever-foullie, re. the feverfew. 

Fever-largie, -largin, re. laziness, idleness. 

Fever-wheelie, re. the feverfew. Cf. Feather- 
wheelie. 

Few, adj. in phr. a 'few broth,' &c, a small 
quantity of broth, &c. 

Few, v. to show promise or aptitude ; to make 
a good beginning. 

Fewe, adj. fallow. Cf. Faugh. 

Fews, re. the house-leek. Cf. Fouet. 

Fey, re. a small field or croft. 

Fey, adj. doomed to calamity or death ; acting 
unnaturally, as if under doom ; of grain : 
decayed, reduced in substance. — re. the 
warning or predestination, or presage of 
calamity or doom. — v. to be mad ; to act 
unnaturally, and so presage death. 

Fey-crop, n. a crop more than usually good, 
portending the owner's death. 



Feydom 



172 



Fierd 



Feydom, n. a presentiment of calamity or death. 

Feyk, v. to fidget. Cf. Fike. 

Fey-land, n. the portion of a farm formerly 
getting all the farmyard dung, and being 
constantly cropped ; the best land on the 
farm. 

Fey-like, adj. as if ' fey,' or doomed. 

Feyness, n. the state of being ' fey ' ; a 
' wraith,' a spectral likeness. 

Fey-taiken, n. a presentiment betokening or 
presaging death. 

Feyther, n. father. 

Fial, n. one who receives wages. 

Fial, n. one who has the reversion of property ; 
one who holds land in fee. 

Fiars, «. the prices of grain legally fixed for 
the year in each county. Cf. Fier. 

Fiarter, n. a term of disrespect ; an untidy 
person. 

Fibsch, n. a big person of disagreeable 
temper. 

Fieher, v. to work slowly and awkwardly ; to 
fumble, trifle, fidget. — n. slow, awkward 
work ; toying, fumbling ; a fumbler, a per- 
son slow and awkward at work. 

Ficherin', n. trifling, idling, fidgeting. 

Fichil, n. a challenge to a difficult feat, a 
'brag.' 

Fichil-pins, n. a game. Cf. Fickle-pins. 

Fick-fack, n. the ligament running along the 
vertebra; of the back ; the tendon of the 
neck. 

Fick-fack, -fyke, 11. a troublesome job ; need- 
less bustle ; in pi. silly jargon ; trifling 
sayings; whims; peculiarities of temper. — 
v. to trifle away time ; to bustle about need- 
lessly. Cf. Fike-fack. 

Fickle, ». to puzzle, entangle ; to cause to 
fidget ; to do what others cannot do.— adj. 
unsafe ; treacherous ; ticklish. 

Fickle-pins, re. a game in which a number of 
rings are taken off a double wire united at 
both ends. 

Fickly, adj. puzzling. 

Ficks, re. a disease of sheep. 

Fid, v. to move up and down or from side to 
side ; to wag like a rabbit's tail. Cf. Whid. 

Fidder, conj. whether. Cf. Fudder. 

Fidder, u. to move like a hawk when it wishes 
to remain stationary over a place, or like a 
bird in the nest over her young. 

Fidder, re. a large quantity ; a cartload ; a 
certain weight of lead. Cf. Fudder. 

Fiddle, v. to dawdle, trifle. 

Fiddle, re. the proper or correct thing. 

Fiddle-diddle, re. the music of the fiddle ; the 
movements of a fiddler's arm in playing. 

Fiddle-doup, re. a term of contempt. 

Fiddle-faddle, re. nonsense, fancifulness ; 
whim, trifle. — v. to trifle, dawdle. 



Fiddle-fike, n. » troublesome peculiarity 
of conduct ; an overpunctilious person ; a 
trifler. 

Fiddle-ma-fyke, «. a silly, fastidious person. 

Fiddler, n. the common sandpiper. 

Fiddler's news, phr. stale news. 

Fiddltie-fa, n. a trifling excuse ; hesitancy. 
— v. to hesitate ; to make much ado about 
nothing. 

Fidel-didel, h. fiddle-playing. Cf. Fiddle- 
diddle. 

Fidge, v. to fidget, move restlessly, kick with 
the feet ; to be anxious, to worry ; to be 
eager. — re. a fidget, twitch, shrug. 

Fidge-fain, -fu' fain, v. to be eager with rest- 
lessness. 

Fidgie, re. a fugitive ; a coward. Cf. Fugie. 

Fidgin, re. fidgeting ; uneasiness. 

Fidgy, adj. restless, fidgety. 

Fie, adj. fated to die. Cf. Fey. 

Fiedle, n. a field. Cf. Feedle. 

Fief, re. a stench. Cf. Feff. 

Fief-like, adj. malodorous. 

Fie-gae-to, re. a great bustle. 

Fiel, adv. very. Cf. Fell. 

Fiel, v. to feel ; to understand. 

Field, v. to sink a margin round a panel of 
wood. 

Fieldert, adv. towards the fields, abroad. 

Fieldfare, re. the missel-thrush. 

Field-gear, re. gala attire. 

Fielding-plane, re. the plane used in sinking 
a margin round a panel of wood. 

Field-man, n. a peasant. 

Fieldwart, adv. towards the fields, abroad. 

Field-wench, re. a female field-worker. 

Fieldy, u. the hedge-sparrow. 

Fien, re. a fiend. 

Fienden, re. the devil. Cf. Fient. 

Fient, Fiend, re. devil, the fiend ; used in 
negations as an oath or excl. like ' devil a.' 

Fient-a-bit, -flee, -gear, -hair, -hait, phrs. 
nothing at all, not at all. 

Fient-a-fear, phr. no fear ! 

Fient ane, phr. not one. 

Fient ane 0' me, Fient 0' me, phr. not I for 
my part ; by no means I. 

Fient-ma-care, phr. no matter. 

Fient-perlicket, phr. nothing at all. 

Fier, n. a standard of any kind ; a tall, lanky 
person. 

Fier, re. a companion. Cf. Fere. 

Fier, adj. sound, healthy ; active ; strong. Cf. 
Fere. 

Fier, v. to draw the first furrow in ploughing. 
Cf. Feer. 

Fiercelings, Fiercelins, adv. fiercely, with 
violence, in haste. — adj. fierce, violent. 

Fiercie, re. the farcy. 

Fierd, n. a ford. Cf. Faert. 



Fierdy 



i73 



Filsched-up 



Fierdy, adj. strong ; able-bodied. Cf. Feerdy. 
Fieroch, n. bustle ; rage. Cf. Feeroch. 
Fiersday, re. Thursday. 
Fiery, Fierie, «. bustle ; confusion ; rage. 

Cf. Feery. 
Fiery-bron, re. a blazing peat or ' brand,' used 

for signalling, as a torch. 
Fiery-fary, re. a hubbub ; a show ; a pretended 

bustle. Cf. Feery-fary. 
Fiery-flaw, re. the sting-ray. 
Fiery-stick, re. stern reality, dead earnest. 
Fiery-tangs, re. a crab ; a lobster. 
Fiery-water, n. marine phosphorescence. 
Fiery-wud, adj. eager, keen ; quite mad, ' red- 

wud.' 
Fiese-wilk, n. the striated whelk. 
Fifer, re. a boys' marble, soft, and of a dull 

brown colour. 
Fifish, adj. rather eccentric, weak in mind, 

or deranged. 
Fifishness, re. eccentricity ; lack of saneness. 
Fifteen, re. in pkr. 'the Fifteen,' the judges 

of the Court of Session, before the reduc- 
tion of their number ; the Rebellion of 

1715 A.D. 
Fig, re. a metal vest-button, used in the game 

of ' buttons ' ; a thing of little value. 
Fige, v. to fidget. Cf. Fidge. 
Fig-fag, re. the tendon of the neck of cattle or 

sheep. Cf. Fick-fack. 
Figgle, re. a small twisted bundle or bunch. 

Cf. Feuggil. . 
Figgle-faggle, re. silly or trifling conduct ; 

ludicrous or unbecoming conduct. 
Figgle-faggler, re. one who destroys good 

morals. 
Figgleligee, adj. finical, foppish ; ostenta- 
tiously polite. 
Fight, v. to struggle; to harass. — re. effort, 

struggle. Cf. Fecht, Faught. 
Figmalirie, re. a whim, a ' whigmaleerie.' 
Figure, v. to do arithmetic ; to ' count.' 
Figuring, re. arithmetic. 
Fike, v. to fidget, move restlessly ; to fuss 

over trifles ; to vex one's self ; to trouble, 

make uneasy; to flirt, dally with a woman; 

to shrug. — re. a restless motion, a fidget ; 

bustle, fuss ; trouble, care, worry ; dalliance, 

flirtation ; a whim, freak ; a fancy article, a 

gewgaw. 
Fike, re. burnt leather. 
Fike-fack, re. a troublesome, finicking job; 

needless stir ; in //. minute pieces of work, 

causing great trouble ; little troublesome 

peculiarities of temper ; nonsense. — v. to 

trifle away time. 
Fike-ma-facks, re. nonsense ; silly trifling 

sayings. 
Fikery, n. fussiness ; worry about trifles or 

troubles. 



Fiket, ppl. adj. fidgety ; difficult to please, 

fastidious. 
Fikiness, re. agitation. 

Fiking, re. trouble, effort.— ppl. adj. trouble- 
some, bustling. 
Fiking-fain, adj. restlessly eager. 
Fik-ma-fyke, re. a silly, unsettled creature ; 

one busied with nonentities and trifles. 
Fiky, adj. troublesome, fidgety, fastidious, 

worrying over trifles, punctilious ; itchy ; 

restive. 
Filbow, re. a thump, a thwack. 
Filch, re. weeds or grass covering ground, 

especially under crop. Cf. Filsch. 
Filchan, re. a confused, dirty mass ; in pi. rags 

patched or fastened together ; the attire of 

a travelling beggar. 
File, re. class or rank in society. 
File, v. to defile, soil ; to disorder ; to accuse ; 

to condemn. 
File, conj. as long as. — re. a while; in pi. now 

and then, ' whiles.' Cf. Fill. 
Filement, n. obloquy ; moral filth. 
Filie, n. a little while. 
Filik, re. a little while. Cf. Whilock. 
Filing, re. the act of soiling. 
Filjit, re. a disreputable vagabond ; a tramp. 
Filk,/««. which. Cf. Whilk. 
Fill, pron. which. 
Fill, v. to hold a lease of a farm ; to fill 

bobbins with yarn. — re. anything that fills, 

as a fill of tobacco or of a pipe, &c. 
Fill, adv. while. — prep, until. 
Fillad, re. a thigh. 
Fill and fetch mair, phr. riotous prodigality ; 

a continuous bout of drinking. 
Filler, re. a funnel for filling bottles, &c, with 

liquid. 
Fill-fou, re. as much liquor as makes one quite 

drunk. 
Fillibeg, Filabey, Filibeg, Filipeg, Fillabeg, 

re. the short kilt worn by Highlanders. 
Fillies, re. felloes, fellies. 
Fillister, re. the plane used for making the 

outer part of a window-sash fit for receiving 

glass. 
Fillock, re. a filly or young mare. 
Filly-tails, re. fleecy cirrus clouds. 
Filock, re. a little while. Cf. Whilock. 
Filp, re. a person of disagreeable temper. 
Filp, re. a fall off one's feet. 
Filrey, adj. fussy, troublesome about trifles. 
Filsch, Filsh, re. grass or weeds covering a 

field, especially when under crop ; a long, 

lean, lank person or child ; a term of con- 
tempt, generally applied to a man. 
Filsch, re. a thump, a blow. 
Filsch, Filsh, adj. empty, faint, hungry. — v, 

to faint ; to flinch. 
Filsched-up, ppl. adj. 'filschy.' 



Filschy 



174 



Fire-fangitness 



Filschy, adj. used of a sheaf ; swelled up with 

weeds or natural grass. 
Filshens, n. tattered garments. Cf. Filchan. 
Filter, n. a fault in weaving. — v. to weave 

any part of a web faultily. Cf. Felter. 
Firnmer, v. to move the feet quickly in walk- 
ing or in dancing gracefully. 
Fin, adv. when. 
Fin, n. basalt, whinstone. 
Fin', n. humour, vein ; temper ; eagerness ; 

anger. 
Fin', v. to find ; to feel, have a sensation of; 

to feel, grope, search ; to provide, supply. 

— n. feel, sensation, feeling. 
Findhorn-haddock, n. & haddock split, and 

cured by smoking, so called from Findhorn 

in Morayshire. 
Finding, n. searching, feeling, groping. 
Findle, n. anything found ; the act of finding ; 

treasure -trove. 
Findon-haddock, n. a smoked haddock. Cf. 

Finnan-haddie. 
Findrum, n. a smoke-dried haddock. Cf. 

Findhorn-haddock. 
Findrum-speldin', u. a small haddock, split, 

and dried in the sun until hard and tough. 
Findsily, adj. clever or apt to find. 
Findy, adj. full, substantial, supporting, solid. 
Fine, adj. docile, well - behaved, agreeable ; 

very well ; in good health or spirits ; pros- 
perous. — adv. very much ; perfectly; finely ; 

prosperously. — v. to free wool from the 

coarse parts. 
Fine and, phr. very. 
Fineer, v. to veneer. 
Fine-lever, n. a levier of fines. 
Finely, adv. perfectly, quite well ; used of 

convalescence. 
Fineries, n. delicacies, dainties. 
Finever, adv. whenever. 
Fingauls, n. a name formerly given to inhabi- 
tants of the south end of Kirkmaiden parish 

in Wigtownshire. 
Finger, v. in weaving : to work the flowers 

on a web. 
Finger-and-toe, n. a disease of turnips. 
Fingerer, n. the boy or girl who ' fingers ' on 

a web. 
Finger-fed, adj. delicately reared, pampered. 
Finger-full, 11. a pinch, very small quantity. 
Fingering, n. fine worsted, spun from combed 

wool on the small wheel. 
Fingering-breid, n. a better quality of oatcake, 

finely baked and toasted, thin and brittle, 

for a farmer's own table. 
Fingerings, n. a coarse, slight, woollen cloth. 

Cf. Fingroms. 
Finger-neb, n. a finger-tip. 
Finger 0' scorn, phr. a contemptible fellow. 
Fingroms, n. 'fingerings.' 



Fingted, n. a bandaged finger. 

Finnack, Finnook, n. a white trout, in colour 
and shape like a salmon. 

Finnan-haddie, n. a haddock, split, and cured 
with smoke, so called from the village of 
Findon in Kincardineshire. 

Firmer, n. a 'finnack.' 

Finnie, n. a salmon not a year old. 

Finnie, adj. full, solid, substantial. Cf. Findy. 

Finnie, «. sensation, the feeling imparted by 
a thing. 

Finnin, n. the devil. Cf. Fienden. 

Finnisin, Finnison, n. anxious expectation ; 
earnest desire. — adj. eager, very desirous. 

Fin'sily, adj. clever at finding. Cf. Findsily. 

Fint, n. devil, fiend ; used as negation in oaths 
and excls. Cf. Fient. 

Fintock, n. the cloud-berry, the 'averin.' 

Fintram, n. a smoke-dried haddock. Cf. 
Findrum. 

Finzach, n. the knot-grass. 

Fipple, n. the under-lip. Cf. Faiple. 

Fir, n. a pine-torch, ' firwood ' used as a candle. 

Firach, ». a fire ; a fluster ; a fit of fiery 
temper. 

Fir-eandle, 11. a torch ; ' firwood ' used as a 
candle. 

Fir-dale, n. a plank of fir. 

Fire, n. fuel ; a light to a pipe ; a smithy- 
spark, especially when it strikes the eyeball ; 
marine phosphorescence ; carburetted hydro- 
gen in coal - mines ; sheet - lightning ; the 
sultriness preceding a thunderstorm. — v. to 
bake or toast bread ; to discharge any 
missile ; to cauterize ; to inflame or irritate 
the skin ; to warm ; to scorch grass or 
grain by lightning or hot, dry winds ; to 
light up ; to brighten up ; to spoil milk in 
sultry weather. 

Fire and tow, phr. an irascible person. 

Fire-bit, -burn, n. marine phosphorescence. 

Fire-cheek, n. the fireside. 

Fire-cross, n. the fiery cross. 

Fired, ppl. adj. used of the skin : irritated ; 
of milk : tasting ill from sultry weather. 

Fire-dairt, n. lightning. 

Fire-drum, n. a drum beaten as an alarm of 
fire. 

Fire-edge, n. the first eagerness or heat. 

Fire-en', n. the fireplace ; the end of a room 
where the fireplace is. 

Fire-engines, n. cannon, guns, pistols, &c. 

Fire-fang, -fangit, adj. used of cheese : spoiled 
by too much heat before drying ; of 
manure : spoiled by over-fermentation ; of 
food : scorched. 

Fire-fanging, n. the effect of too much heat 
on cheese, dung, &c. 

Fire-fangitness, n. the state of being 'fire- 
fangit.' 



Fire-flaught 



i7S 



Fit 



Fire-flaught, n. a flash of lightning. 

Fire-flaw, n. the sting-ray. 

Fire-house, n. the kitchen of a two-roomed 
cottage ; a house in which there is at 
least one fireplace. 

Fire-hung, adj. hanging over the fire. 

Fire-kettle, n. a pot for holding fire in a 
fishing-boat. 

Fire-kindling, n. a. ' house-warming ' enter- 
tainment. 

Fire-levin, n. lightning. 

Fire-lug, n. the side of the fireplace. 

Fire-penny, n. a charge for use of flint and 
steel, paid in kind. 

Fire-room, n. the sitting-room of a cotter 
family ; a room with a fireplace. 

Fire-shool, n. a fire-shovel. 

Fire-slaught, n. lightning. 

Fire-spang, n. a quick-tempered person. 

Fire-tail, Fire-tail-Bob, n. the redstart. 

Fir-ewe, n. a, fir-cone, used as a child's play- 
thing. 

Fire-wheel, n. a St Catherine's wheel. 

Fire-works, n. firearms. 

Fir-fecket, n. a coffin. 

Fir-futtle, n. a large knife for cutting ' fir- 
candles. ' 

Fir-gown, n. a coffin. 

Firie, «. a tumult, bustle. Cf. Feery. 

Firie-farry, n. confusion ; uproar ; concern, 
bustling anxiety. Cf. Feery-fary. 

Firing-girdle, n. a baking-griddle. 

Fir-jacket, n. a coffin. 

Firk, v. to poke, rummage among ; to pilfer. 

Firl, v. to measure corn. 

Firlot, n. a corn measure of varying capacity ; 
a large quantity ; a quarter of a boll. 

Firmance, n. stability; imprisonment. 

Firaackit, n. a fillip. Cf. Fornackit. 

Firnie, n. a quarrel, broil. 

Firple, v. to whimper. — n. the under-lip. Cf. 
Fipple, Faiple. 

Firrating, n. a kind of tape, galloon ; a shoe- 
lace. 

Firry, n. a tumult, bustle. Cf. Feery. 

Firrystoich, n. a bustle ; a broil ; a fight. 

Firsle, v. to bustle about ; to rustle. Cf. 
Fershell, Fissle. 

First, adj. next, ensuing. 

First, v. to grant credit. Cf. Frist. 

Firsten, adj. first. 

Firstend, n. the first payment of interest, or a 
due. 

First-foot, -fit, n. the first person met on 
certain special occasions ; the first person 
met with on New Year's Day.— v. to act as, 
or be, a 'first-foot.' 

First-footer, n. a 'first-foot.' 

Firstlin', adj. first, earliest. 

Firstlins, adv. first, at first. 



Firth, n. a place on a moor where peats for 

fuel could be cut ; a small wood. Cf. Frith. 
Firtig, v. to fatigue. 
Firtigesom, adj. fatiguing. 
Firwood, n. bog-wood, formerly used for 

candles. 
Fir-yowe, n. a fir-cone. Cf. Fir-ewe. 
Fiscal, 11. the public prosecutor in criminal 

cases, the Procurator-Fiscal. 
Fish, v. to strive, try hard. 
Fish, v. to splice, to fasten a piece of wood 

on a mast, &c, to strengthen it. 
Fish-carle, n. a fisherman. 
Fish-currie, n. any deep hole or recess in a 

river where fishes hide. 
Fisher-land, n. land on the seashore used by 

fishermen to dry fish, spread nets, &c. 
Fish-garth, n. an enclosure of stakes and 

wattles for catching fish in a river. 
Fish-gouries, n. fish-garbage. 
Fish-hake, n. a. weight anchoring a fishing- 
line or -net ; a triangular framework of wood 

for drying fish before cooking. 
Fish-, Fishing-hawk, n. the osprey. 
Fishick, n. the brown whistle-fish. 
Fishing-wand, n. a fishing-rod. 
Fish-rig, n. the backbone of a fish. 
Fish-staff, n. a. large iron hook with wooden 

handle, for striking into the fishes and 

lifting them into the boat. 
tFisk, n. the Exchequer ; the Treasury. 
Fisle, v. to rustle ; to whistle. Cf. Fissle. 
Fison, n. pith; vigour; 'fissen.' 
Fissen, n. pith ; vigour ; substance. Cf. 

Fushion. 
Fissenless, adj. pithless ; tasteless ; without 

' body ' or substance. 
Fissle, Fissil, v. to rustle ; to make a rustling, 

whistling sound, to whistle ; to cause to 

rustle ; to fidget ; to bustle about. — n. a 

whistling sound ; fussy compliments ; a fuss, 

bustle. 
Fissle-fisslin', n. a faint rustling sound. 
FisBling, n. a rustle ; a whistling ; the sound 

of wind in the keyhole. 
Fist, v. to grasp with the hand. 
Fist-foundered, ///. adj. knocked down with 

the fists. 
Fistle, v. to rustle, to whistle. Cf. Fissle. 
Fisty, n. a left-handed person. 
Fit, n. the foot ; speed ; the lower part ; a foot- 
step. — v. to go afoot ; to dance ; to kick ; 

to put a new foot to a stocking ; to add up, 

balance or adjust accounts. 
Fit, adj. able ; capable ; inclined ; matching ; 

on the point of, ready ; in vigorous health. 

—v. to set up a mast ; to become, suit ; to 

provide what is fitting or supply what one 

wnnts. 
Fit, n. a. whit ; a bit ; an action. 



Fit 

Fit, n. a custom, habit. 

Fit-ba', n. a football. 

Fit-band, n. a halter for the feet ; a company 

of infantry. 
Fit-board, -brod, n. a foot-rest, a footstool. 
Fit-braid, -breeth, n. a foot-breadth. 
Fitch, v. to move a thing slightly from its 

place ; to lift and lay down again ; to touch 

frequently ; used of a louse : to crawl ; to 

fidget ; to move at the game of draughts. — 

n. a slight change of place ; a move in the 

game of draughts. 
Fit-dint, u. a footprint. 
Fite, v. to cut, whittle. Cf. White. 
Fite, adj. white. Cf. White. 
Fite-breid, n. loaf-bread. 
Fit-eitoh, n. a foot-adze. 
Fit-fall, n. a grown-up lamb. 
Fit-feal, n. the skin of a lamb between castra- 
tion and weaning. 
Fit-for-fit, phr. very exactly ; step for step. 
Fit-gang, «. as much ground as one can walk 

on ; a long, narrow chest extending along- 
side a wooden bed. 
Fither, adv. conj. pron. whether. 
Fithit, int. an excl. of confirmation of one's 

saying. 
Fitless, adj. feeble on one's feet, apt to 

stumble. 
Fitless-cock, n. a cake of lard and oatmeal 

boiled in broth ; a sodden bannock, usually 

made at Shrovetide. 
Fit-liokin', adj. cringing, fawning. 
Fitlin, n. a loose bar to place the feet against 

in rowing. 
Fit-nowt, n. the hindmost pair of a team of 

oxen. 
Fitocks, n. large peats or sods, used for 

' resting ' a fire through the night. 
Fit-pad, «. a footpath. 
Fit-peat, n. peat cut with the foot pressing on 

the peat-spade. 
Fit-rig, n. the ridge of land at the lower end 

of a field, on which the horses and plough 

turn. 
Fit-road, n. a footpath through enclosed 

lands. 
Fit-rot, n. the foot-rot in sheep. 
Fits, n. yd. phr. ' the fits and the fors o't,' ' the 

whys and the wherefores of it,' all about it. 
Fit-shakin', n. a dance, a ball. 
Fit-side, adj. on an equal footing ; ' upsides 

with,' revenged upon. — adv. step for step. 

— n. in pi. ropes, used for chains, attached 

to the ' haims ' and to the ' swingle-tree ' in 

ploughing. 
Fit-soam, n. an iron chain extending from 

the muzzle of the plough and fixed to the 

yoke of the oxen next the plough. Cf. 

Soam. 



176 



Fizz 



Fit-sole, n. the foot. 

Fit-stap, n. a footstep. 

Fit-sted, -stead, ». a footprint. 

Fit-stool, n. the face of the earth, God's foot- 
stool. 

Fitter, v. to patter or make a noise with the 
feet ; to potter about ; to totter in walking ; 
to injure by frequent treading ; to fumble ; 
to knock unsteadily. 

Fittering, n. fidgeting, fumbling. 

Fit-the-gutter, n. a low, loose slipper. 

Fittie, n. a. term of endearment addressed to 
a shepherd's dog. 

Fittie, adj. having good feet, safe enough to 
walk with. 

Fittie, adj. expeditious, neat, trim. 

Fittie, n. a short stocking ; a person with 
deformed feet ; a. mud-stained foot. 

Fittie, n. an imaginary person of a very 
useless nature. 

Fittie-fies, n. quirks, quibbles ; ' whittie- 
whaws. ' 

Fittie-lan', ». the near horse of the last pair 
in a plough, which walks on the un- 
ploughed land. 

Fitting, n. footing ; the footing of a stocking. 

Fitting, n. training, preparation. 

Fitting-ale, n. a feast given by parents when 
their child begins to walk. 

Fittings, n. peats set on end to dry ; in sing. 
the setting of peats on end to dry. 

Fittininment, n. concern, interest ; a good 
footing with a person. 

Fittooks, n. the feet of stockings cut off and 
worn as shoes. 

Fit-tree, n. the treadle of a spinning-wheel. 

Fit-washing, n. the custom of washing the 
feet of a bride and bridegroom on the 
night before the marriage. Cf. Feet- 
washing. 

Fit-weary, adj. with weary feet. 

Fit-yoke, n. the hindermost pair of a team of 
oxen. 

Fiumart, n. a polecat. Cf. Foumart. 

Five-sax, phr. five or six. 

Fivesome, n. a set of five, five together. 

Fivey, n. a game played with five small 
stones. 

Fiwer, n. a fever. 

Fix-fax, n. the tendon of the neck of cattle 
and sheep ; a pillory confining the neck 
and hands ; the punishment inflicted in such 
a pillory. Cf. Fick-fack, Fig-fag. 

Fixfax, n. hurry ; the middle of a business. 
Cf. Fick-fack. 

Fizenwill, n. part of a gun belonging to the 
doghead. 

Fizz, n. a blaze ; stir, bustle, fuss, com- 
motion. — v. to make a spluttering sound ; 
to fuss, bustle about ; to rage. 



Fizzen 



i77 



Flam 



tFizzen, Fizen, n. food ; pith, substance, 
essence. Cf. Fushion. 

Fizzenless, adj. without substance or flavour, 
insipid, not nutritious ; useless, feeble in body 
or mind ; ineffectual. Cf. Fushionless. 

Fizzer, n. any thing or person first-rate or 
excellent ; a puzzling question, a ' poser. ' 

Flaacht, n. a peat-spade. 

Flab, «. a mushroom. 

Flab, n. a large, showy article. 

Flabby, adj. ostentatious, showy, foppish. 

Flabrigast, v. to ' flabbergast ' ; to boast, brag. 

Flabrigastit, ppl. adj. ' flabbergasted ' ; worn 
out with exertion, extremely fatigued. 

Flach, v. pret. did fly, flew. Cf. Flich. 

Flachan, n. a flake of snow. 

Flacht, n. a flake of snow ; a flash ; a hand- 
ful of wool before it is carded. — v. to pare ; 
to weave. Cf. Flaught. 

Flacht, «. a spreading or flapping of wings ; 
a flight of birds on the wing. — v. to flutter. 
— adv. at full length. Cf. Flaught. 

Flachter, v. to pare turf from the ground. 
Cf. Flaughter. 

Flachter, v. to flutter. Cf. Flaughter. 

Flachter, v. to knock down. Cf. Flaughter. 

Flack, n. a square plaid. 

Flack, v. to hang loosely. 

Flacket, n. a small spirit-flask. 

Flad, n. a piece, portion, slice. 

Fladge, n. a flake, a large piece ; anything 
broad ; a broad-bottomed person. 

Flae, n. a skin ; what is flayed off. — v. to 
pare land. Cf. Flay. 

Flae, n. a flea. 

Flae, v. to frighten. Cf. Fley. 

Flaeie, adj. abounding in fleas. 

Flaesick, n. a. blazing spark from a wood- 
fire. 

Flaff, v. to flutter, fly about, flap, wave ; to 
flap the wings ; used of the wind : to blow 
in gusts ; to fan, blow up ; to go off, as 
gunpowder, to shoot forth. — n. a flutter of 
the wings ; a fop, one who flutters about ; 
a sudden gust of wind , a flash ; an instant ; 
a light blow, fillip ; a buffet. 

Flaffer, v. to flutter ; to move with a rustling, 
awkward motion. — n. a wing; a fluttering 
motion ; a pound note. 

Flaffer, 11. a duckling, fledged over the body 
but as yet without quill-feathers. 

Flafferie, adj. light, easily compressible. 

Flaffin', «. a fluttering of the wings ; a flap- 
ping ; fluttering of the heart, palpitation ; 
any very light body ; a flake of any kind. 
—ppl. adj. puffing, suddenly shooting out. 

Flag, n. a piece of green sward cut or pared 
off; a large sod, placed at the back of a 
fire ; in pi. a side pavement paved with 
. flagstones. 
12 



Flag, n. a flake of snow. — v. to snow in 
flakes. 

Flag, n. a contemptuous name for » woman, 
a slut. 

Flagarie, n. a vagary ; finery ; a gewgaw ; a 
fanciful, fastidious person. Cf. Fleegarie. 

Flagartie, adj. squally, stormy. 

Flagaryin', n. busying one's self about trifles 
of dress. 

Flaght, n. a flapping of wings. Cf. Flaught. 

Flagirt, n. a flapping, flaunting thing; used 
as a term of reproach. 

Flagon-bun, n. a bun baked in a can among 
hot water. 

Flagrum, n. a blow, thump. 

Flag-side, n. in phr. ' the flag-side of a split 
haddock'; the side without the bone. 

Flaich, n. a flea. 

Flaik, n. a square plaid. Cf. Flack. 

Flaik-stand, n. a refrigerator ; the cooling 
vessel through which the pipes pass in 
distilling. 

Flail, n. a tall, ungainly person. — v. to beat, 
thump. 

Flailer, ». a 'settler,' a 'poser'; a thresher 
with the flail. 

Flain, n. an arrow. Cf. Flane. 

Flainen, n. flannel. Cf. Flannen. 

Flaip, n. an unbroken fall ; a flat fall on soft 
ground ; a blow caused by a fall and pro- 
ducing a dull, flat sound ; * flop. — v. to 
strike ; to flop. Cf. Flap. 

Flaiper, n. a heavy fall ; a blow. — v. to flap ; 
to flop. Cf. Flapper. 

Flaiper, n. a person foolish in dress and 
manners. — v. to flaunt in foolish clothes. 

Flair, n. the skate. 

Flair, n. a floor. 

Flair, v. to cajole, flatter. — n. flattery ; 
boasting. Cf. Flare. 

Flairach, n. a giddy person who talks much 
in a shrill voice, and makes a great ado 
about little. — v. to act as a ' flairach.' 

Flairdy, v. to coax, cajole, wheedle; to flatter. 

Flairy, v. to coax. Cf. Flare. 

Flait, Flaite, Flaitte, v. pret. scolded. Cf. 
Flite. 

Flaither, v. to use wheedling or fawning 
language. 

Flake, n. a hurdle for penning sheep on a 
turnip-field, or cattle, &c, at a show; a 
hurdle used as a gate, or to close a gap in 
a fence; a frame above the chimney-piece 
for holding a gun ; in //. temporary sheep- 
pens. 

Flake, n. a ray, a flash. 

Flaket, n. a small flask. Cf. Flacket. 

Flam, n. a humbug, fabrication ; flattery, 
cajolery. — v. to flatter, humbug. 

tFlam, n. pancake. Cf. Flaune. 



Flam 178 

Flam, «. a sudden puff of wind, a gust.- — v. 
to be squally ; to blow in gusts ; to fly out 
and in. Cf. Flan. 
+Flamb, Flam, u. to baste roasting meat ; to 
besmear one's self while eating. 

tFlamboy, re. a flambeau, a torch. 

Flame, re. a fit of hot anger ; a species of 
carnation ; a sweetheart. — v. used of a 
flag : to float gallantly in the wind ; of an 
author : to become famous. 

Flame, Flamm, v. to baste roasting meat. Cf. 
Flamb. 

Flamfoo, re. a gaudy ornament or frippery 
in a woman's dress ; a gaudily-dressed 
woman ; a woman fond of dress. 

Flaming, ppl. adj. shining out, egregious. 

Flamming, ppl. adj. used of oars : dipping 
in and out of the water. Cf. Flam. 

Flamp, adj. inactive ; in a state of lassitude. 

Flan, adj. shallow, flat. 

Flanch, v. to flatter, cajole, wheedle. — ». a 
flatterer. 

Flanderkin, 11. a Fleming, a native of Flanders. 

Flane, re. an arrow. 

Flang, v. pret. flung. 

Flann, Flan, re. a sudden blast of wind off the 
land ; a sudden down-draught in a chim- 
ney. — v. to be squally, gusty. 

Flannen, re. flannel. — adj. made of flannel. 

Flanninette, re. flannelette. — adj. made of 
flannelette. 

Flanny, adj. gusty, squally. 

Flansh, v. to flatter, wheedle. — re. a flatterer; 
a hypocrite. Cf. Flanch. 

Flanter, v. to waver ; to be slightly delirious ; 
to quiver in agitation; to flinch, falter in 
speaking ; to prevaricate, equivocate. 

Flanty, adj. eccentric, capricious ; flighty, un- 
steady. 

Flap, v. to come or strike upon suddenly ; to 
flop, fall suddenly ; to fly, to turn inside 
out. — re. a blow caused by a fall and pro- 
ducing a dull, flat sound ; a fall on to a 
soft substance ; a slice ; a smart blow with 
anything flat. 

Flapdawdron, n. a tall, ill-dressed person. 

Flapper, re. a heavy resounding fall ; a bird 
just able to fly.- — v. to flap, flutter. 

Flapper-bags, re. the burdock. 

Flare, re. a floor. 

Flare, v. to coax. — re. cajolery, flattery. Cf. 
Flair. 

Flash, v. to spend lavishly ; to lash. 

Flash, re. a depository for timber. 

Flashy-fiery, adj. flashing like fire. 

Flasicks, re. atoms, small pieces. 

Flass, re. a flask. 

Flast, v. to boast, brag. 

Flat, re. a saucer ; a cake of cow-dung ; low, 
level ground. — v, to flatten. 



Haunter 

Flatch, v. to flatten ; to lay over, fold down ; 

to knock down ; to walk clumsily. 
Flate, v. pret. scolded. Cf. Flite. 
Flate, re. a straw mat under a horse's saddle 

to prevent chafing ; one used as a draught- 
screen, or as an inner door. 
Flate, re. a hurdle, a 'flake.' 
Flat in the fore, phr. having the stomach 

empty, hungry. 
Flatlins, Flatlines, adv. flat ; with the flat 

side of anything. 
Flatter, v. to float. 
Flatterin' Friday, re. a fine Friday during a 

time of wet, supposed to indicate more wet 

weather. 
Flauf, v. to flutter ; to flap. Cf. Flaff. 
Flaught, Flaucht, Flauch, Flauchten, 

Flaughen, re. a flake of snow; a lock of 

hair ; a handful of wool before it is carded ; 

a roll of wool carded and ready for spinning; 

a hide, skin ; a bunch, a piece cut off from a 

larger portion ; a flash, gleam ; a gust of 

wind ; a cloud of smoke from a chimney at 

either end ; a stream of vapour ; used of 

land : a division, a. croft. — v. to card wool 

into thin flakes; to weave; to pare turf, &c; 

to strip off the skin or hide ; to mix, mingle ; 

to pilfer straw, hay, &c. in handfuls. 
Flaught, Flaucht, re. a spreading or a 

flapping of wings; hurry, bustle, flutter; 

sudden fright ; a number of birds on the 

wing. — v. to flutter ; to palpitate ; to tremble. 

— adv. with wings outspread ; at full length ; 

with great eagerness. 
Flaught-bred, adv. at full length ; with great 

eagerness. 
Flaughter, re. a skinner ; a carder of wool. 
Flaughter, re. a man who cuts peats with a 

' flaughter-spade ' ; a thin turf pared from 

the ground. — v. to pare off turf from the 

ground. 
Flaughter, v. to flutter as a bird ; to flicker, 

waver, move hither and thither aimlessly ; 

to flurry, alarm, frighten. — re. a flutter, 

fluttering motion. 
Flaughter, v. to fell, prostrate. — re. a heavy 

fall ; a knock-down blow. 
Flaughterer, re. one who cuts peats with a 

'flaughter-spade.' 
Flaughter-fail, -feal, re. a long turf or peat. 
Flaughterin', re. a light shining fitfully, a 

flickering ; a fluttering, quivering, palpita- 
tion. 
Flaughter-spade, re. a two-handed spade, for 

cutting turfs, sods, and peats ; a boys' game, 

called also the 'Salmon-loup.' 
Flaughts, Flauchts, re. instruments used in 

carding wool. 
tFlaune, re. a pancake. 
Flaunter, v. to waver ; to flinch. Cf, Flanter. 



Flaunty 



179 



Fleeing-pinner 



Flaunty, adj. eccentric ; flighty. Cf. Flanty. 

Flaur, ». a strong smell or flavour. 

Flaurie, n. a drizzle. 

Flaver, n. the grey-bearded oat. 

Flaw, n. a storm of snow ; rage, passion ; in 

pi. snow-flakes. 
Flaw, n. in phr. 'fire-flaw,' the sting- ray. 

Cf. Fiery-flaw. 
Flaw, n. an extent of land under grass; a 

broad ridge. 
Flaw, n. a lie, a fib. — v. to lie ; with awa, 

to exaggerate in narration ; to cheat, 

defraud. 
Flaw, n. the point of a horse-nail, broken off 

by the smith, after it has passed through 

the hoof. 
Flaw, v. pret. fled ; flew. 
Flaw, n. a thin layer of turf or peat cut for 

fuel ; the place in a moss where peats are 

spread to dry. — v. to cut or pare peat-moss. 
Flaw, n. a failure, blunder; an injury, 

accident. 
Flawkit, ppl. adj. used of cattle : white in 

the flanks. 
Flawmont, n. a narrative, story. 
Flaw-moss, n. a moss on which peats are 

spread to dry. 
tFlawn, n. a pancake. Cf. Flaune. 
Flaw-peat, n. soft, light, spongy peat. 
Flay, v. to pare the turf off grass or moss- 
land. — n. a skin. 
Flay, n. a flea. 
Flay-a-louse, n. a skinflint ; a very mean 

person. 
Flaze, v. used of cloth : to fray out, ravel out ; 

of a sharp instrument : to turn its edge. 
Flea, v. to flay. 
Flea, v. to free from fleas. 
Flea, it. a fly. Cf. Flee. 
Fleach, n. a flea. — v. to free from fleas. Cf. 

Flech. 
Flea'd.j^S/. adj. frightened. Cf. Fley. 
Fleaks, n. fissures between the strata of a 

rock. 
Flea-luggit, adj. hare-brained, unsettled. 
Fleasocks, n. wood-shavings. 
Flea-sticker, n. a tailor. 
Fleat, n. a. thick mat under a saddle to pre- 
vent chafing. 
Fleat, v. pret. scolded. Cf. Flite. 
Flech, n. a flea ; a little, frivolous, light- 
headed person. — v. to free from fleas. 
Flech, v. to beat soundly ; to fall upon ; to 

scold. 
Flechan, Flechin, n. a small quantity or 

sprinkling of anything ; a particle ; a flake 

of snow. 
Flechter, «. a thin turf.— v. to pare off turf 

from the ground. Cf. Flaughter. 
Fleehts, n. the forked parts of a spinning- 



wheel in which the teeth are set ; the part 

of the fanners of a winnowing-machine that 

raises the wind. 
Flechy, adj. swarming with fleas. 
Fleck, n. a flea. Cf. Flech. 
Fleck, n. a flake of snow ; a flake, a variety 

of carnation. — v. to spot, bespatter. 
Fleckert, ppl. adj. flecked, dappled ; torn, 

mangled. 
Fleckie, n. a speckled cow ; - pet name for 

such a cow. 
Fleckit, n. a spirit-flask. Cf. Flacket. 
Fleckit, ppl. adj. used of the sky: dappled 

with clouds. 
Fleckit-fever, n. spotted fever. 
Fled, ppl. adj. fugitive. 
Flee, v. to frighten. Cf. Fley. 
Flee, n. a fly ; a whit, jot ; a fit of passion or 

temper. — v. to fly as a bird ; to fall into a 

passion. 
Flee-about, n. a gadabout ; a flighty person. 
Flee-cap, n. a head-dress formerly worn by 

elderly ladies, formed by two conjoined 

crescents standing out by means of wire 

from a cushion on which the hair was 

dressed. 
Fleech, v. to flatter, fawn ; to coax, cajole ; 

to beseech, importune ; to beguile. — n. 

flattery. 
Fleech, v. used of a carpenter : to shave off 

spills in planing wood. 
Fleecher, v. to flutter. 
Fleeching, n. flattery, cajolery. — ppl. adj. 

used of the weather : falsely assuming a 

favourable appearance ; flattering, deceitful. 
Fleechingly, adv. flatteringly. 
Fleed, n. a head-ridge, on which the plough 

is turned. 
Flee'd, ppl. frightened. 
Fleefu', adj. fearful. Cf. Fley. 
Fleeg, v. to frighten. Cf. Fleg. 
Fleegarie, Fleegerie, ». a vagary, whim ; 

finery, frippery ; a gewgaw ; a fastidious 

person, one fond of trifles, &c. 
Fleegarying, ppl. adj. busying one's self about 

trifling articles of dress. 
Fleegest, 11. a paper fly-catcher. 
Fleegirt, n. a small quantity of anything. 
Flee-haunted, adj. haunted by flies. 
Fleeing, ppl. adj. flying. 
Fleeing, n. fly-fishing. 
Fleeing-adder, n. the dragon-fly. 
Fleeing-buss, n. a whin-bush on fire. 
Fleeing-dragon, n. the dragon-fly ; a paper 

kite. 
Fleeing-merchant, n. a pedlar, travelling 

merchant. 
Fleeing-passion, n. a towering passion. 
Fleeing-pinner, «. a head-dress with the ends 

of the lappets flying loose. Cf. Pinner. 



Fleeing-tailor 



180 



Fleysome 



Fleeing-tailor, n. a travelling tailor. 
Fleeing-washerwoman, «• a travelling washer- 
woman. 
Fleeing-yett, n. an unlatched gate. 
Fleem, n. a veterinary lancet, a fleam. 
Fleem, v. to scare ; to banish. Cf. Flem. 
Fleeock, n. a small fly. 
Fleep, n. a stupid fellow ; a cowardly, hulking 

fellow. 
Fleer, v. to ogle ; to make a wry face ; to 

whimper. — n. a scornful laugh, a mock. 
Fleer, v. to floor. — «. a floor. 
Fleerach, n. a giddy talker in a shrill voice. 

Cf. Flairach. 
Fleeringly, adv. mockingly. 
Fleerish, «. a piece of steel for lighting tinder 

or match-paper on a flint. Cf. Flourish. 
Fleerish, v. to embroider with floral designs, 

&c. 
Fleesh, n. a fleece. 
Fleesh, n. attack, assault, onset. 
Fleesome, Fleesum, adj. frightful. 
Fleesomelie, adv. frightfully. 
Fleesomeness, n. Rightfulness. 
Flee's-wing, n. a particle, atom, the least. 
Fleet, v. to remove, shift. Cf. Flit. 
Fleet, v. to flow ; to float. — n. a number of 

fishing-lines or nets; the overflow of water; 

a flat bog or swamp, out of which water 

flows from the hills. 
Fleetch, v. to flatter. Cf. Fleech. 
Fleet-dyke, re. a ' dyke ' for preventing inun- 
dation. 
Fleeter, «. a utensil for skimming broth, &c. , 

in cooking. 
Fleeter, n. a bumper. 
Fleetfu', adj. fleeting. 

Fleet-water, «. water which overflows ground. 
Flee-up, n. a flighty, irascible person. 
Flee-up-i'-the-aii,^)'. a contemptuous phrase 

for a person of light build or no weight. 
Fleg, n. a stroke, a random blow ; a kick ; a 

fit of temper; an exaggeration; a lie. — 

v. to kick. 
Fleg, Flegg, v. to frighten, frighten away ; to 

take fright. — n. a fright, scare. 
Fleg, v. to flutter, fly from place to place ; to 

walk with a swinging step. 
Flegarie, re. a vagary, whim. Cf. Fleegarie. 
Fleggar, re. an exaggerator ; a liar. — v. to kick. 
Fleggin, n. a lazy, lying fellow, who goes from 

door to door. 
Flegging, ppl. adj. timid. 
Flegh, re. a flea. Cf. Flech. 
FleghingB, re. the dust caused by flax-dressing. 
Flegmagearie, re. a whim, fancy. 
Flegmaleeries, re. needless finery, frippery. 
Fleia, re. a landing-net used by fowlers in Skye. 
Fleighter, v. to flutter; to palpitate. Cf. 

Flaughter. 



Fleighterin, «. a fluttering ; palpitation. 

Fleip, v. to strip, peel. Cf. Flipe. 

Fleir, v. to jeer ; to whimper. Cf. Fleer. 

Fleit, Fleid, ppl. adj. frightened. Cf. Fley. 

Fleit, v. to float. — re. the overflowing of water. 
Cf. Fleet. 

Fleitch, v. to coax, wheedle, &c. — re. cajolery. 
Cf. Fleech. 

Fleitness, re. fear, fright. 

Flem, Fleme, v. to scare ; to banish. 

Flemens-firth, re. an asylum for outlaws. 

Flench, v. to flinch, yield. 

Flench, v. to slice the blubber from a whale's 
body ; to flense. 

Flench-gut, re. blubber laid out in long slices ; 
the part of the hold into which it is thrown 
before being barrelled up. 

Flenders, re. splinters, shivers. Cf. Flinders. 

Flenis, re. fragments. 

Fleock, re. a small fly. Cf. Fleeock. 

Flep, re. a fall. Cf. Flap. 

Flesh, v. to shave off the flesh on the under- 
side of a hide in the process of tanning. — 
re. butcher's meat. 

Flesh-and-blood, re. the blood-root, or tor- 
mentil. 

Flesh-and-fell,/A>-. the whole carcass and skin. 

Flesh-boat, re. a meat-tub. 

Fleshing, re. the business of a butcher. 

Flet, Flett, re. a house ; the inner part of a 
house ; a flat, a story of a house. 

Flet, re. a straw mat under a horse's saddle. 
Cf. Fleat. 

Flet, Flett, re. a saucer ; the saucer of a flower- 
pot. Cf. Flat. 

Flet, v. pret. did scold. Cf. Flyte. 

Flether, v. to flatter, fawn, wheedle. — re. in 
pi. fair words. Cf. Flaither. 

Fleuchan, Flewchan, re. a snow-flake, a 
sprinkling of anything. Cf. Flechan. 

Fleuk, re. a flounder. Cf. Fluke. 

Fleuk, re. a parasite in the liver of sheep. 
Cf. Fluke. 

Fleume, re. phlegm. Cf. Floam. 

Fleunkie, re. a flunkey. 

Fleup, v. to dance without lifting the feet. — 
n. in pi. broad feet. 

Fleurie, n. the ace of spades. Cf. Flowerie. 

Fleuwn, ppl. fled, flown. 

Flew, n. a horn, a trumpet. 

Flewat, Flewet, n. smart blow ; a blow with 
the back of the hand. 

Flews, n. a sluice, used in irrigation. 

Fley, v. to frighten, scare ; to put to flight ; 
to be afraid ; to warm slightly, take the 
chill off.— n. a fright ; fear. Cf. Flee, Fleg. 

Fleyit, Fleyt.ppl. adj. timorous ; shy ; abashed. 

Fleyr, v. to jeer. Cf. Fleer. 

Fleysome, adj. fearful ; terrifying. Cf. Flee- 
some. 



Flich 



181 



Flird 



Flich, v. to fly. 

Flichan, n. a sudden glow of heat ; a sudden 
surprise, a. fright. 

Flichan, n. anything very small ; a snow- 
flake ; a flake of soot. Cf. Flechan. 

Flicher, v. to flutter; to hover, flap the wings ; 
to flirt, giggle, titter ; to coax. — n. a rustle, 
flutter ; a giggle ; a giggler. 

Flicher, n. a sprinkling. 

Flicht, n. a small spot of dirt among food ; a 
snow-flake. 

Flicht, v. to fluctuate, flutter ; to make a great 
show. — n. flight ; the part of a spinning- 
wheel which twists the thread, and, by means 
of a ' tooth,' guides it to the pirn ; the part 
of a winnowing -machine that raises the 
wind. Cf. Flechts, Flichter. 

Flichtened, ppl. adj. flecked, sprinkled with. 

Flichter, v. to flutter ; to flap the wings ; to 
move quiveringly in the air ; to run with 
outspread arms ; to startle, alarm ; to throb, 
palpitate ; to pinion, bind. — n. a flutter ; a 
flicker ; a throb ; a great number of small 
objects flying in the air ; a snow-flake ; the 
'flicht ' of a winnowing-machine. 

Flichteriff, n. unsteadiness. — adj. unsteady, 
fickle, flighty. 

Flichtering, ppl. adj. fluttering, throbbing ; 
unsteady, changing. — ». a fluttering, flicker- 
ing, palpitation. 

Flichtering-fain, adj. throbbing with happi- 
ness. 

Flichter-lichtie, n. a light-headed, unsteady 
person. 

Flichtersome, adj. unsteady, whimsical. 

Flichtery, adj. flighty, fickle. 

Flichtfu', adj. fluttering, flickering. 

Flichtmafleathers, n. articles of adornment, 
finery, frippery, trifles. 

Flichtrife, adj. changeable, unsteady. Cf. 
Flichteriff. 

Flichtriveness, n. fickleness, flightiness. 

Flichty, adj. flighty. 

Flick, n. a small quantity, a modicum, a 
' touch. ' 

Flicker, v. to whirl ; to hover ; to titter ; 
with at, to make light of. — n. a rustle ; a 
giggle. Cf. Flicher. 

Flick-pie, n. a suet-pudding. 

Flied, ppl. adj. frightened. Cf. Fley. 

Fliep, n. a fool. 

Fliet,,«. a flute. 

Flighan, n. a flake ; a sprinkling. Cf. Flechan. 

Flight, v. to scold. Cf. Flite. 

Flighter, v. to pinion, bind. 

Flighter, v. to flutter. — «. a flighty woman. 
Cf. Flichter. 

Flighty, adj. hasty, quick. 

Fligmagary, n. a whim. 

Flim, n. an illusion ; a whim. 



Flim-flae, n. flattering speech ; a compliment. 

Flim-flam, «. nonsense. 

Flimrikin, n. a flimsy article. Cf. Flinderkin. 

Flinch, v. to flense a whale for blubber. Cf. 
Flench. 

Flinch, v. to coax, flatter. 

Flinder, n. a splinter ; a fragment. — v. to 
break in pieces. 

Flinder, v. used of cattle : to break loose and 
scamper about. 

Flinderkin, n. a weak person ; a flimsy article ; 
a thin garment. 

Flindrikin, adj. flirting. 

Flin'er, n. a splinter. 

Fling, v. used of a horse : to kick, strike with 
the hind-feet, to throw its rider ; to throw 
in wrestling ; to jilt, disappoint, cheat ; to 
reject, throw over ; to dance vigorously, 
caper ; to beat, thresh grain ; to go off at 
a tangent in a fit of ill-humour ; to go at 
hastily and forcibly. — n. a dance, the ' High- 
land Fling ' ; the act of flinging ; a sudden 
and hasty movement ; a rebuff, rejection ; 
* stroke, blow ; a disappointment, a disap- 
pointment in love ; a fit of ill-humour ; the 
knack of using a tool or working properly ; 
gait, style of walking ; the act of kicking, 
dancing, &c. 

Fling-bag, n. a bag for the shoulder. 

Flinger, n. a dancer ; a kicking horse. 

Flinging-tree, n. a flail, the lower part of a 
flail ; a piece of timber hung as a partition 
between two horses in a stable ; the pole of 
a carriage ; a swingle-tree. 

Fling-stick, n. a ' rowly-powly ' man who 
frequents fairs. 

Fling-strings, n. in phr. ' to tak' the fling- 
strings,' to lose one's temper, become 
restive. ■ 

Flinner, n. a splinter. Cf. Flinder. 

Flinrickin, Flinriken, n. very thin cloth; a 
mere rag. Cf. Flinderkin. 

Flint-specks, n. flint-glass spectacles. 

Flip, n. the flap of a saddle. 

Flipe, v. to strip, tear off ; to fleece ; to turn 
up or down, fold back ; used of a stocking : 
to turn it partially inside out. — n. the folded- 
back edge of a knitted woollen ' cowl ' or 
night-cap ; a fold, flap ; a thin piece of 
skin ; a contemptuous name for a person, 
a ' fellow.' 

Flipe, v. to fall suddenly, to flop. Cf. Flap. 

Flipin, ppl. looking absurd. 

Flipper, v. to move the hands in walking. 

Flird, n. a thin piece of anything ; anything 
thin, insufficient, or threadbare; vain finery. 

Flird, n. a sneer, a gibe. 

Flird, v. to flaunt, flutter, flounce ; to move 
about from place to place restlessly. — n. a 
foolish, trifling, fickle person. 



Flirdie 



182 



Flochty 



Flirdie, adj. giddy, unsettled. 

Flirdin'-aboot, ppl. adj. unsettled, restless ; 
skittish. 

Flirdoch, n. a flirt ; a foolish trifler. — v. to flirt. 

Flirdome, n. affectation, ostentation, pretence. 

Flirn, v. to twist, distort. 

Flirr, v. to gnash. 

Flirr, v. to fly out in a passion upon one ; to 
interrupt rudely. 

Flirry, n. a blossom. 

Flirt, v. to take short, swift flights. 

Flisk, v. to whisk ; to move quickly hither 
and thither ; to frisk, to be restive under 
the yoke ; to make restless, uneasy ; to 
displease, fret ; to switch. — ». a swift move- 
ment ; a whim ; a caper ; a trifling, skip- 
ping person ; a moment. 

Fliskie, n. a frolicsome girl, « 'romp.' — adj. 
skittish, lively, frisky, restive. 

Fliskmahaigo, n. a ' fliskmahoy. ' 

Fliskmahoy, n. u giddy, ostentatious person ; 
a giddy, gawky girl. 

Flist, n. a flash, a slight explosion, as of 
gunpowder, or of air confined in a bottle 
when the cork is drawn ; an explosion of 
temper ; a flash of wit, &c. ; a keen, smart 
stroke, a fillip ; a flying shower of snow, a 
squall ; a small quantity of gunpowder ex- 
ploded. — v. to make a slight explosion ; to 
'flare up,' explode in passion ; to snap the 
fingers ; to rain and blow at the same time. 

Flist, n. a boast ; a fib ; one who boasts or 
fibs. — v. to boast, to fib. 

Flisterin', ppl. adj. flustering, flighty. 

Flistert, ppl. adj. flustered, flushed. 

Flistin, n. a slight shower. 

Flisty, adj. irascible, passionate ; stormy, 
squally. 

Flit, v. to remove, transport, shift, change ; 
to remove from one house to another ; to 
assist one in moving ; to cause one to 
remove ; to shift a tethered animal from 
one place in a field to another ; to pass 
away, depart, die ; to leave, quit. — n. a 
change of residence. 

Flitch, v. to move or flit. 

Flitcher, v. to flutter like young nestlings 
when their dam approaches. — n. in pi. 
light flying flakes. 

Flitchers, n. the ' men ' used in playing the 
game of ' corsiecrown. ' 

Flite, v. to scold, chide ; to flout, jeer ; to 
quarrel, wrangle ; to reprimand. — n. a 
scolding ; a gibe ; a scolding match, 
wrangle ; a bully. 

Flitepock, n. a double chin. 

Fliter, n. a scold, one given to scolding. 

Flitfold, n. a movable sheepfold. 

Flither, v. to flutter. — n. a stir, bustle, 
fluster. Cf. Flitter. 



Fliting, n. a scolding ; the act of scolding. 

Fliting-bridle, «. the 'branks,'a bridle put 
on scolding women as a punishment. 

Fliting-free, adj. at liberty to scold without 
retort or being scolded. 

Fliting-hot, adj. hot with scolding. 

Fliting-match, n. a scolding match. 

Flitten, ppl. removed. Cf. Flit. 

Flitter, v. to flutter, bustle, shake. — n. a 
flutter, stir, fluster. 

Flittering, n. a shaking. 

Flitters, n. splinters, ' flinders ' ; rags, tatters. 

Flitting, n. a removal to another house ; the 
furniture removed thither ; the decay of 
seed that does not come to maturity. 

Flitting-chack, -shack, n. a vibrating sound. 
Cf. Chack. 

Flitting-day, 11. the removal term-day. 

Flitting-feast, n. an entertainment when the 
mother, after child-bearing, came to the 
fire, and resumed her household duties. 

Flix, n. a flux. 

Floam, n. phlegm. Cf. Flume. 

Floame, Floamie, «. a large or broad piece of 
anything. 

Floan, v. used of women : to show attach- 
ment or court regard indiscreetly ; to go 
about idly ; to hang over the fire. — n. a 
lazy, untidy person, specially a woman. 

Float, n. the act of floating ; the scum of a 
boiling broth-pot ; a fleet ; a timber-raft 
for conveyance down a river. — v. to pilot a 
timber-raft down a river. 

Float, n. the strip of a ploughed field between 
two open furrows, three poles or so in 
breadth. 

Floater, n, one who pilots or ' floats ' a timber- 
raft. 

Floathing, «. a thin layer or stratum. 

Floating,///, adj. vacillating, undecided. 

Float o' feet, a. the fat of boiled legs of 
oxen. 

Float-whey, n. the curdled scum of boiled 
whey. 

Flobby, adj. used of clouds : large and heavy, 
indicating rain. 

Flocht, v. to flutter; to flirt. — n. a bustling 
or gaudy person ; a flirt ; a sudden gust 
of passion; a sudden change of opinion. 
Cf. Flaught, Fluent 

Flochter, v. to flutter; to flicker; to give 
free vent to joy. — n. a flutter. Cf. 
Flaughter. 

Flochterin, n. a fluttering ; palpitation. 

Flochtersome, adj. easily elated or fluttered 
under impulse of joy. 

Flochtrous, adj. flurried ; terrified. 

Flochtry, adj. flurried, confused ; terrified ; 
alarming. 

Flochty, adj. unsteady, whimsical, volatile. 



Flockmele 



183 



Flown 



Flockmele, adv. in flocks. 

Flock-raik, n. a range of pasture for a flock 
of sheep. 

Tlodden, ppl. flooded. 

Flodge, n. a big, fat, awkward person. — v. to 
hobble, walk clumsily. 

Floe, n. a bog, morass. Cf. Flow. 

Flog, n. a flogging. 

Floggan, ppl. walking fast. 

Floichen, n. a large flake of snow or soot. 
Cf. Flechan. 

Floisterin', n. hurry, bustle, confusion. 

Floit, n. a petted person. 

Flonkie, n. a flunkey. 

Flood, n. the sea. 

Floody, adj. flooding, flooded. 

Flooency, n. influenza. 

Flooer, v. to flower. — n. a flower. Cf. 
Flower. 

Flook, n. diarrhoea. 

Flook, n. a flounder. Cf. Fluke. 

Flook, n. a parasite in the liver of a sheep. 
Cf. Fluke. 

Flook-mou'd, adj. having a crooked mouth. 

Floonge, v. to fawn as a dog ; to flatter. 

Floop, adj. awkward. Cf. Flup, Fleep. 

Floor, n. a portable threshing-floor ; the sea- 
bottom ; a house. — v. to bring forward an 
argument ; to table a motion. 

Floor-bands, n. the bands which secure the 
bottom boards of a boat to the keel. 

Floor-head, n. the surface of a floor. 

Floor-stane, n. the hearth-stone. 

Flor, Flore, v. to strut about as if vain of one's 
clothes ; to cut a dash ; to live extrava- 
gantly ; to flourish about. 

Florence, n. Florence wine. 

Florentine, n. a kind of pie. 

Florie, adj. vain, volatile ; conceited ; dash- 
ing, flashy. — v. to cut a dash. 

Florier, n. a dashing, extravagant person. 

Floring, ppl. adj. lavish of time, money, dress, 
foppery. 

Flory, Florrie, v. to cut a dash, flourish about. 
— n. a dressy, showy person ; a vain, empty 
fellow. 

Flory-heckles, n. an empty-headed fop. 

Flosh, n. a swamp ; a body of standing 
water overgrown with reeds, weeds, &c. 

Floshan, n. a shallow puddle of water. 

Flosk, n. the cuttle-fish, sea-sleeve, or anker- 
fish. 

Floss, n. the common rush ; the leaves of the 
red canary grass ; material made from the 
common rush by shaking out the pith. 

Flossie-cap, n. a cap made of rushes. 

Flossy, adj. reedy; covered with reeds or 
rushes. 

Flot, «. part of land ploughed at one turn, 
usually four rigs. Cf. Float. 



Flot, n. the scum of broth when boiling. Cf. 

Float. 
Flotch, n. a big, fat, dirty, tawdry woman. 

— v. to move with ungraceful action and 

awkward dress. Cf. Flodge. 
Flotch, v. to weep, sob. 
Hotter, v. to float ; to wet, to splash. 
Flottins, n. the curdled scum of whey when 

boiled. 
Flot-whey, n. 'flottins.' Cf. Float-whey. 
Flought, v. to flutter. Cf. Flocht, Flaught. 
Floughter, v. to flutter. Cf. Flaughter, 

Flochter. 
Floughterty, adj. flighty. 
Floughtrous, adj. alarmed. Cf. Flochtrous. 
Flounge, n. the act of plunging or floundering 

in water ; the act of flouncing. 
Flour-bread, n. wheaten bread. 
Flour'd, adj. used of sheep : scabby and 

losing their wool. 
Flourish, Flourice, n. a steel for striking fire 

from flint to kindle match-paper. Cf. 

Fleerish. 
Flourish, n. blossom. — v. to cut a dash, make 

a fine display. 
Flourished, ppl. adj. covered with blossom. 
Flouse, v. to turn or blunt the edge of a tool 

or the point of a nail. Cf. Flaze. 
Flouster, z>. to fluster. — n. a fluster. 
Floustering, n. flurry. 
Flow, n. a bog, morass ; quicksand ; the sea, 

a sea-basin. 
Flow, n. a chimney-cowl, open at one side 

and turning with the wind, to prevent 

smoke. 
Flow, Flowe, n. a jot, a particle ; a small 

quantity of meal, &c. 
Flow, v. to exaggerate a story. — n. an exag- 
gerated story. 
Flowan, n. a small portion of meal, flour, 

flax, &c. 
Flow-dyke, n. a drain along the banks of a 

river ; a wall or bank to prevent a river 

from overflowing. 
Flower, n. a nosegay ; an edge-tool used in 

cleaning laths. — v. to embroider floral and 

other designs on muslin, &c. 
Flower-basket, n. an arrangement for grow- 
ing flowers in beds on a lawn. 
Flowered, adj. used of sheep : scabby and 

losing their wool. 
Flowerer, n. one who ' flowers ' muslin, &c. 
Flowerie, n. the ace of spades. 
Flowering, n. floral embroidery; the act of 

flowering muslin. 
Flowff, v. to flutter. Cf. Flaff. 
Flowin'-ee, n. a hole in a drinking-vessel, 

beyond which it could not be filled. 
Flow-moss, n. a very wet, spongy moss. 
Flown, ppl. muddled, overcome with drink. 



Flownie 



184 



Flyre-up 



Flownie, n. a small portion of any light or 
dusty substance, as of meal, thrown on a 
draught of water. — adj. downy; trifling, 
without substance ; frivolous. 

Flowther, v. to confuse ; to flood. — n. a 
hurry. Cf. Fluther. 

Flowy, adj. used of peat : light, spongy. 

Flozen, v. to cause to swell ; to become 
swollen. 

Flozent-up, ///. adj. fat and flabby. 

Fluchan, n. a flake ; a sprinkling. Cf. 
Flechan. 

Fluent, v. to agitate, flutter, frighten ; to 
make a great show ; to flirt. — n. a bustling, 
bouncing, flashy person. Cf. Flocht. 

Fluchter, v. to make a great fuss or talking ; 
to 'flucht.' Cf. Flaughter. 

Fludder, v. to confuse, agitate ; to flood. Cf. 
Fluther. 

Fludder, 0. to fawn, cajole, pretend regard. 

Flude, n. flood. — v. to flood. 

Fluet, n. a slap, a blow. Cf. Flewat. 

Fluff, n. a. flap of the wings ; a slight puff or 
gust ; a slight explosion. — v. to puff, blow 
out ; to flap. — adv. with a puff. 

Fluff, n. a sea anemone. 

Fluff, v. to disappoint. 

Fluffer, -o. to disconcert ; to agitate ; to 
flutter ; to palpitate ; to move excitedly. — 
n. palpitation ; mental agitation ; a quick 
vibration and its sound ; in pi. loose leaves, 
fragments. 

Fluff-gib, n. an explosion of gunpowder. 

Flught, v. to agitate. Cf. Flucht. 

Flughter, v. to fuss in talking. 

Fluir, n. the floor. 

Fluinh, n. a flood. Cf. Flush. 

Fluk, n. a flux. 

Fluke, n. a parasitic insect in the liver of 
sheep. Cf. Flook. 

Fluke, n. diarrhoea. Cf. Flook. 

Fluke, «. a flounder. Cf. Fleuk, Flook. 

Fluke, n. a duck's bill. 

Fluke-mow'd, adj. having a crooked mouth 
like a flounder s. 

Flum, n. flattery. 

Flume, n. phlegm. 

Flumgummery, n. fussy ceremony; senseless 
display in trifles. 

Flummery, n. needless show; useless orna- 
ments ; flattery. 

Flunge, v. to skip ; to caper. 

Flunkey-chap, n. a waiter, servant. 

Flunkey-craft, n. the trade of a man-servant. 

Flunkey-lord, n. a lord in waiting. 

Flup, n. an awkward and foolish person. — 
adj. awkward. Cf. Floop. 

Flup, n. sleet. 

Flure, n. the floor. 

Fluris fever, n. scarlet fever. 



Flurish, n. blossom. Cf. Flourish. 

Flurr, v. used of spray : to be scattered. 

Flurrikin, ppl. adj. speaking in a flurry. 

Flurrish, v. to blossom. — n. a blossom. 

Flush, v. used of water : to run fast and full ; 
to bud, blossom. — n. a sudden rise in a 
stream ; a run of water ; a farm watering- 
place ; a marshy place, a surface-drained 
place after peats have been cut ; snow thaw- 
ing, 'slush'; a superabundance, a surfeit ; a 
rich and rapid growth of grass ; blossoms, 
&c. ; a large flow of milk from cows. 

Fluster, v. to be in a bustle. 

Flutch, «. an inactive person. 

Flutchy, adj. inactive. 

Fluther, v. to pretend great regard. Cf. 
Fludder. 

Fluther, v. to flutter ; to confuse, agitate ; to 
overflow. — n. a hurry, bustle ; an abund- 
ance creating confusion ; a rising of a river ; 
used of snow : a thick driving. 

Fluthers, n. loose flakes of a stone ; laminae 
of a stone. 

Fluthery, adj. flabby, soft ; boggy, marshy. 

Flutteration, n. frivolity, unsettlement. 

Flutter-baw, ». a puff-ball. 

Fluze, -u. to turn the edge or point of an 
instrument. Cf. Flouse. 

Fly, v. to frighten. Cf. Fley. 

Fly, adj. sly; smart. 

Fly, v. with out or up, to take offence quickly. 
Cf. Flee. 

Flyam, n. a large seaweed tangle, growing 
round the shore. 

Flyave, n. a flake ; a thin stratum of rock. — 
v. to take or come off in flakes. 

Fly-oap, n. an elderly lady's head-dress, 
formed like two crescents conjoined and 
wired so as to stand out from the cushion on 
which the hair was dressed. Cf. Flee-cap. 

Fly-cup, n. a secret or surreptitious cup of tea, 
one taken on the sly. 

Flye, v. to frighten. 

Flyer, v. to jeer. Cf. Fleer. 

Flyfe, «. a fit, a turn. 

Flyker, v. to flutter ; to flirt. Cf. Flicher. 

Flyndrig, n. an impudent woman ; a deceiver. 
— v. to deceive, beguile. 

Flype, v. to ruffle the skin ; to turn inside out. 
— n. a piece of skin ; a shred ; a fold, lap, 
flap. Cf. Flipe. 

Flype, n. a lout, stupid fellow. 

Flypeshard, v. to castrate. 

Flypin', ///. looking abashed, shamefaced. 

Flyrd, v. to flaunt, flutter. Cf. Flird. 

Flyre, v. to gibe ; to ogle ; to look surly; to 
go about complaining ; to whine, whimper. 
Cf. Fleer. 

Flyre-up, v. to flare up ; to break into passion. 
— n. a great display. 



Flyte 



185 



Fond-like 



Flyte, v. to scold.— n. a scold. Cf. Flite. 

Flyte-poke, n. a double chin. 

Foal, n. a cake or bannock ; any soft, thick 
bread. 

Foal, v. used jocularly of a horse : to throw 
its rider. 

Foal's-fit, n. the mucus hanging from a child's 
nose. 

Foam, n. a state of great heat and perspira- 
tion ; a great rage. — v. to stream out, 
bubble up ; to be very heated ; to rage. 
Cf. Faem. 

Foaming-drunk, adj. excessively or raging 
drunk. 

Foarrie, adj. used of a cow : not in calf, but 
giving no milk. 

Fob, v. to breathe hard, pant ; to sigh ; to 
catch the breath. 

Fochel, n. a girl from sixteen to twenty. Cf. 
Foichal. 

Fochen, Fochten, ppl. fought ; exhausted, 
distressed. Cf. Fecht. 

Focht, v. pret. and ppl. fought. 

Fochtin-milk, n. buttermilk. 

Fock, k. people. Cf. Fowk. 

Fodder-door, n. a barn- or straw-house door. 

Foddering, n. fodder ; provisions. 

Fode, v. pret. fed. 

Fodge, ». a fat, squat person ; one with 
chubby cheeks. Cf. Fodge. 

Fodgel, adj. fat ; squat, plump. — n. a fat, 
good-humoured person ; a fat, thriving 
person or animal. — v. to prosper, thrive ; 
to waddle, as a fat, clumsy person. 

Fodgie, adj. fat and squat. 

Fodmell, «. a weight of lead, 70 lb. 

Fodyell, adj. fat, squat. Cf. Fodgel. 

Fodyellin, adj. waddling. 

Fog, n. moss. — v. to become moss-covered ; 
to acquire wealth ; to furnish, supply. 

Fog, v. to eat heartily. 

Fog-clad, adj. moss-covered. 

Fogel, adj. fat, squat. Cf. Fodgel. 

Fogget, ppl. moss-covered ; furnished, sup- 
plied. 

Foggie, Fogie, n. an invalid or garrison 
soldier ; an old fellow. 

Foggie, Foggie-bee, n. a small, yellow humble- 
bee. 

Foggie-bummer, -toddler, n. a ' foggie-bee. ' 

Fogging-ewes, n. old ewes past bearing. 

Foggy, adj. mossy, spongy ; sapless. 

Foggy, adj. dull ; lumpish ; mentally in a fog. 

Foggy-peat, n. a fibrous, soft surface-peat. 

Foggy-rose, n. a moss-rose. 

Fog-house, «. a summer-house lined with 
moss. 

Fog-moss, n. tall grass used as fodder. 
Fog-theekit, adj. moss-covered. 
Fog-turf, «. mossy turf. 



Foichal, n. a cant term for a girl from six- 
teen to twenty years of age ; a little, thick- 
set child ; a small, weak person trying to 
grapple with his work, but unable to do it. — 
v. to do anything with difficulty or unskil- 
fully through weakness. 

Foichel, n. a young foal. Cf. Fychell. 

Foichlin', n. unskilful working through weak- 
ness. 

Foigil, n. a bundle of yarn, straw, &c. ; a 
tangle, confused mass. 

Foigilled, adj. tangled, in a lump, ravelled. 

tFoilzie, n. foil, gold-leaf. Cf. Foolzie. 

+Foison, n. pith, ability; nourishing power, 
nourishment, nutritive substance ; inherent 
vigour, power ; power of feeling. Cf. 
Fizzen, Fushion. 

Foisonach, n. waste straw, dried grass, and 
like refuse. 

Foisonless, adj. dry, innutritious ; insipid ; 
without ' body ' or substance ; withered, 
not succulent ; without strength or ' back- 
bone ' ; weak, useless. Cf. Fushionless, 
Fizzenless. 

Foisonlessness, n. the condition of being 
'fushionless.' 

Foistering, Foishtering, Foistring, n. hurry, 
disorder ; slovenly, scamped work. 

Foistest, adj. next of age. 

Foiter, v. to puzzle. — n. a puzzle ; a difficulty ; 
a muddle. 

Fold, w. to bend double. Cf. Fauld. 

Foldings, n. wrappers, used in that part of 
the dress which involves the posteriors. 

Fole, 11. a thick bannock. Cf. Foal. 

Folk, n. men-servants, work-people. Cf. 
Fowk. 

Folia, n. a fellow. Cf. Follow. 

Follieshat, n. the jelly-fish. 

Follifil, adj. very foolish. Cf. Folly-foo. 

Folio, v. to follow. Cf. Follow. 

Follow, n. a fellow. 

Follow, Folloo, v. to court. 

Follow-Dick, n. a servile follower. 

Follower, n. a young animal following its 
mother. 

Following, n. a doctor's regular patients. 

Folly, n. a useless, or foolish, or too costly 
building. 

Folly-foo, adj. very foolish. 

Folm, n. used of the weather : a long spell ; 
of mist, &c. : a volume of rolling cloud. 

Folm, v. to turn upside-down, overturn. — 
n. anything that upsets the stomach. 

Folp, n. a whelp ; a term of contempt. — 
v. to whelp ; to give birth to. 

Fond, adj. glad, happy ; anxious, eager. 

Fondament, n. * foundation ; fundamental 
fact or truth. 

Fond-like, adj. doting. — adv. affectionately. 



Fondness 



186 



Foot-peat 



Fondness, n. gladness. 

Fone, n. foes. 

Fonned, adj. prepared. 

Foo, adv. why. 

Foo, adv. how. 

Foo, adj. full ; tipsy. Cf. Fou. 

Fooanever, adv. however. Cf. Howanever. 

Foochtir, n. confusion ; a fussy, muddling 

style of working ; an unmethodical worker. 

— v. to work awkwardly, fussily, or un- 
methodically. 
Foodge, v. in marble-playing : to take unfair 

advantage by thrusting the hand forward. 

Cf. Fouge. 
Foodjie, «. a fugitive ; a coward. Cf. Fugie. 
Fooever, conj. and adv. however. 
Foof, n. a stench. 

Foof, int. an excl. of impatience, disgust, &c. 
Foogee, Foojie, n. a coward. Cf. Fugie. 
Fool, adj. foolish, silly. — v. to play truant. 
Fool, adj. foul. 
Fool, n. a fowl. 
Foolage, adj. foolish. 
Fool-body, n. an idiot ; a 'natural'; a foolish 

person. 
Fool-folk, n. fools, foolish persons. 
+Foolie, n. a leaf. 
Foolie, n. in phr. ' foolie, foolie,' a children's 

game. 
Foolies, n. a mountebank's tricks. 
Fool-like, adj. foolish. 
Fool's-parsley, n. the lesser hemlock. 
Fool's-stones, n. the male and female orchis, 

Orchis morio. 
Fool-thing, n. a silly, foolish girl or woman. 
Fool-tongit, adj. foolish -speaking. 
+Foolyie, n. gold-leaf, foil. Cf. Foilzie, Fulye. 
Foomart, Foomert, n. the polecat. Cf. 

Foumart. 
Foon, ppl. found. 

Foon, Foond, v. to found. — n. a foundation. 
Foondit, n. with « negative, nothing at all. 

Cf. Foundit. 
Fooner, v. to founder. 
Foongan, Foonyiean, n. the fawning of a 

dog ; flattery. 
Foonge, Foonyie, v. to fawn as a dog ; to 

flatter. 
Foor, v. pret. fared, travelled. 
Foord, v. to ford. 
Foor-days, adv. late in the afternoon. Cf. 

Fure-days. 
Foorioh, Foorigh, Fooroch, n. bustle ; a state 

of agitation ; a rage, a person of bustling 

manners ; ability, energy. — v. to hurry, 

bustle ; to work in a flurried manner. 
Foorichan, n. a state of bustle or confusion. 
Fooriochie, Foorioghie, adj. hasty, passionate. 
Foorochie, adj. bustling. 
Foorsday, n. Thursday. 



Foose, n. the house-leek. 

Foosht, Foost, n. anything useless or needless, 
lying by or stored up ; a dirty fellow, one 
who breaks wind. — v. to be mouldy, to 
decay ; to smell foul ; to break wind be- 
hind ; to store up, hoard. 

Fooshtie, adj. mouldy, musty ; of corn : damp, 
mouldy. 

Fooshtit, ppl. adj. fusty, musty. 

Foost, Foostin, n. a sickness, nausea. 

Foosty, adj. mouldy ; fusty. Cf. Fooshtie. 

Foosum, adj. dirty. 

Foosumness, n. dirtiness. 

Foot, v. to travel or go on foot ; to dance ; to 
knit a new foot to an old stocking ; used of 
a horse : to kick ; to set peats on end to 
dry on the moss. — n. speed, rate of going; 
the lower part of a street, town, &c. ; in 
pi. the acceleration of a curling-stone by 
sweeping in front of it ; progress ; ability 
to walk or run. Cf. Fit. 

Foot-ale, n. a. feast given to her ' gossips ' by 
a woman recovered from child-bearing; 
drink given by the seller to the buyer at a 
cattle-fair. 

Foot-an'-a-half, phr. a boys' game like leap- 
frog. 

Footch, int. hush ! 

tFooter, Footre, n. a term of greatest con- 
tempt. — v. to ridicule; to disapprove; to 
hinder. 

tFooter, v. to bungle ; to work hastily, un- 
skilfully, and in a manner that calls for 
contempt ; to fuss about, fiddle with. — n. 
bungle ; confusion ; a bungler, a silly, 
useless person. 

Footer, n. activity, successful exertion. Cf. 
Foutre. 

Footer-footer, v. to strut like ■- peacock ; to 
walk affectedly. 

Footerin, n. awkward, hasty working, —ppl. 
adj. clumsy, unskilful. 

Footh, n. abundance. Cf. Fouth. 

Footilie, adv. meanly ; obscenely. 

Footiness, n. meanness ; obscenity. 

Footing, n. entrance money, or something 
paid by way of it as a fine ; putting new 
feet to old stockings ; in pi. small heaps of 
peat set on end to dry. 

Footing-ale, n. an entertainment given by 
parents when a child begins to walk. 

Footith, n. a bustle ; a riot ; an awkward 
predicament. Cf. Futith. 

Footlad, n. a foot-boy. 

Footman, n. a. pedestrian ; a foot-passenger ; 
a metal stand for holding a kettle before 
the fire. 

Foot-pad, n. a footpath. 

Foot-peat, n. a peat cut vertically by the cutter 
pressing the spade down with his foot. 



Poot-soam 



187 



Fore-gang 



Foot-aoam, n. an iron chain eight or ten feet 
long, extending from the muzzle of the 
plough and fixed to the yoke of the oxen 
next the plough. 

Footy, adj. base, mean ; paltry ; obscene, 
indecorous. 

Fooze, n. the common house-leek. Cf. Foose. 

Foozle, v. to fuss ; to palaver. 

Fopperies, n. delusions, false miracles, &c. 

For, prep, with vb. ' to be,' to desire, incline 
to, purpose ; with vb. 'to go ' understood, 
expresses motion to a place ; with vbs. of 
asking and fearing, as to, regarding ; in the 
direction of; for want of; on account of; as 
to, so far as regards ; by ; of. — conj. because ; 
lest; until. — n. a 'wherefore.' 

For a, phr. what a ! ; as a. 

For-a-be, conj. notwithstanding. 

Forage, v. to procure, get hold. 

Foraivert, adj. much fatigued. 

Foraneen, n. the time between breakfast and 
midday, forenoon. 

Foranent, prep, over against. Cf. Forenent. 

For-as-meikle-as, conj. forasmuch as. 

Forat, v. to forward. 

For a that, conj. notwithstanding. 

Forbear, Forbeir, Forbeer, n. a forefather, 
ancestor. Cf. Forebear. 

Forbearer, n. an ancestor ; progenitor. 

Forbes' hour,^;-. eleven o'clock, p.m., when 
public-houses, &c, must close under the 
Forbes Mackenzie Act. 

Forbodin, ppl. adj. unlawful ; unhappy. 

Forby, Forbye, Forbyse, prep, besides, in 
addition to ; with the exception of. — adv. 
besides, in addition, over and above ; on 
one side, out of the way ; near by. — adj. 
uncommon, superior. — «. an addition, ap- 
pendix. 

Forcasten, ppl. adj. cast off ; neglected. 

Force, n. a great number ; the greater part ; 
consequence, importance. 

Forced-fire, n. fire from the friction of two 
pieces of dry wood together. 

Forcely, adv. forcibly. 

Forcing, ppl. adj. used of the weather : likely 
to bring crops to maturity. 

Forcy, adj. used of the weather : ' forcing ' ; 
forward with work ; pushing on work. 

Fordal, n. progress, advancement ; in pi. stock 
not exhausted. — adj. in advance, ready for 
future use. — v. to store up for future use. 

Fordal-rent, n. rent paid in advance on entry. 

Fordeddus, n. the violence of a blow. 

Fordel, n. progress. — v. to store up for future 
use. 

Forder, v. to further, promote ; to succeed, 
advance. — adj. further; progressive. — adv. 
moreover, further. 

Forderance, n. advancement. 



Forder-'im-hither, n. a piece of showy dress 

worn by a woman to draw young men to 

court her. 
Fordersome, adj. expeditious. 
Fordling,, n. stock or provision for the future. 

Cf. Fordal. 
For-done, ppl. adj. quite worn out. 
For-drunken, ppl. adj. quite worn out with 

drinking ; quite drunk. 
Fordwart, adv. forward. — v. to forward. 
For-dweblit, ppl. quite feeble. Cf. Dwable. 
Fore, adv. before. — prep, before. — n. priority ; 

the front ; help ; advantage ; anything cast 

ashore; a finish. — phr. 'to the fore,' remain- 
ing. 
Fore-and-after, n. a hat turned up in front 

and behind. 
Fore and back, phr. in front and behind. 
Fore-bait, n. crushed limpets scattered near 

the hooks as bait. 
Fore-bargain, v. to bargain beforehand. 
Forebear, n. an ancestor. Cf. Forbear. 
Forebreast, n. the front of a cart ; the front 

seat in a church-gallery. 
Fore-breathing, n. premonitory symptoms. 
Fore-breed, -breadth, ». the front breadth of 

a dress, petticoat, &c. 
Fore-brees, -broos, n. the forehead. 
Forebroads, n. the milk which is first drawn 

from a cow. 
Foreby, prep, besides. — adv. besides. Cf. 

Forby. 
Fore-byar, n. a forestalled 
Fore-cappy, n. the stone used to sink nets at 

the bow of a boat. 
Fore-cast, n. forethought ; an omen, fore- 
warning ; a premonition of death, &c. 
Fore-crag, -craig, n. the front of the throat. 
Fore-day, n. the day between breakfast and 

noon. 
Fore-days, adv. towards noon ; towards 

evening. 
Fore-day's-dinner-time, n. a late hour for 

dinner. 
Fore-done, ppl. adj. exhausted. Cf. For-done. 
Fore-door, n. the front-door ; the front of a 

common cart. 
Fore-e-fire, n. the kitchen and living-room of 

an old Caithness house ; the part of the 

kitchen where the family sat. 
Fore-end, n. the anterior part ; the begin- 
ning ; a first instalment. 
Forefalted, ppl. subjected to forfeiture. Cf. 

Forfaulted. 
Fore-fowk, n. ancestors. 
Fore-front, n. the forehead. 
Foregain, Foregainst, prep, opposite to. 
Fore-gang, n. a ' wraith,' apparition of a 

person about to die, a light foreboding 

death or disaster. 



Fore-go i 

Fore-go, n. a foreboding, an omen. 

Fore-hammer, n. a sledge-hammer. 

Forehand, n. the start as to time or advan- 
tage ; the fore-quarters of a horse, cow, 
&c. ; the first player in a curling-rink. — 
adj. first in order. — adv. beforehand. 

Forehandit, adj. rash ; foreseeing, far-seeing. 

Forehand-payment, «. payment in advance. 

Forehand-rent, n. a year's rent paid on entry, 
or six months after entry. 

Forehand-stone, n. the stone first played in 
a curling-rink. 

Forehead, «. the bow of a boat ; effrontery, 
boldness. 

Forehorn, n. a projection at the bow of a 
boat. 

Foreign, adv. abroad. 

Foreigneering, adj. foreign, not local. 

Forelan, ». boxes in a fish-curing yard, in 
which herrings, &c, are placed, prepara- 
tory to being cured. 

Foreland, n. a house facing the street. 

Forelang, adv. erelong. 

Foreleet, v. to outstrip, surpass. 

Foreleit, v. to forsake, abandon ; to forget. 
Cf. Forleet. 

Fore-loofe, n. a furlough. 

Foremaist, adj. most excellent, ' first class ' ; 
foremost. 

Fore-mak, n. bustling preparation for an 
event. 

Foreman, n. the ninth person in a deep-sea 
fishing-boat, who cleans the boat, and does 
odd jobs in it. 

Foremither, n. an ancestress. 

Forenail, v. to spend on credit before the 
money is gained ; to anticipate one's wages 
extravagantly. 

Forename, n. the Christian name. 

Foreneen, ». the time between breakfast and 
midday ; the forenoon. 

Forenent, prep, opposite, facing, over against, 
in opposition to ; in exchange for ; towards. 

Forenicht, ». the early part of the night ; 
the interval between twilight and bedtime. 

Forenichter, n. one who spends the evening 
in a neighbour's house. 

Fore-nickit, ppl. adj. prevented by a trick. 

Forenoon, Forenoon bread, n. a luncheon or 
spirits taken between breakfast and dinner. 

Forentres, n. a porch ; a front entrance to a 
house. 

Fore-paid, adj. paid in advance. 

Fore-pairt, «. the front of a person. 

Fore-pocket, n. a front pocket. 

Fore-rent, «. 'forehand-rent.' 

Fore-rider, n. a leader, forerunner. 

Fore-room, n. the compartment of a fishing- 
boat next the bow. 

Fore-run, v. to outrun, outstrip. 



8 Forfluther 

Fores, «. perquisites given by bargain to a 
servant in addition to his wages. 

Fore-seat, «. a front seat. 

Foreseen, ppl. adj. provided, supplied ; ac- 
quainted, thoroughly understood or in- 
structed. 

Fore-sey, n. that side of the backbone of 
beeves which is not the sirloin ; the short 
ribs. Cf. Sey. 

Foreshot, n. the whisky that first comes off 
in distillation ; in pi. the milk first drawn 
from a cow. 

Foreshot, n. the projection of the front of a 
house over part of the street on which it is 
built. 

Foresichted, Foresichtie, adj. foreseeing, 
provident. 

Foreside, n. the front. 

Foresinger, n. a precentor. 

Foreskip, n. precedence of another in a 
journey ; advantage given in a contest, &c. 

Fore-spaul, n. a foreleg. 

Forespeak, o. to injure by immoderate praise, 
according to popular superstition ; to be- 
witch ; to consecrate by charms ; to speak 
of evil beings so as to make them appear. 

Forespeaker, n. an advocate ; one who be- 
witches another, or injures him by im- 
moderate praise. 

Forespeaking, n. immoderate praise supposed 
to injure the person spoken of. • 

Forespoken, ppl. adj. bewitched. 

Forespyke, v. to 'forespeak.' 

Foret, adv. forward. Cf. Forrat. 

Fore-thinking, ppl. prudent. 

Forethouchtie, adj. provident. 

Fore-tram, n. the front part of the shaft of a 
cart. 

Forf aim, ppl. adj. worn out ; forlorn ; abused. 

Forfaughlit, ppl. adj. worn out ; jaded. 

Forfaughten, ppl. adj. worn out. 

Forfaulted, ppl. subjected to forfeiture, at- 
tainted. 

Forfaulture, n. forfeiture. 

Forfeeht, v. to overtask one's self, to be over- 
come with fatigue. 

Forfeit, n. an offence. — v. to subject to 
forfeiture. 

Forfeitry, «. forfeiture. 

Forfend, v. to prevent, forbid ; to defend. 

Forfeuchen, ppl. adj. exhausted. 

Forfight, v. to be overcome with fatigue ; 
to wear one's self out. Cf. Forfeeht. 

Forfleeit, ppl. adj. terrified, stupefied with 
terror. Cf. Fley. 

Forflitten, ppl. severely scolded. — «. a severe 
scolding. Cf. Flite. 

Forfluther, Forflutter, v. to discompose, dis- 
order. — n. confusion, discomposure. Cf. 
Fluther. 



Forfochen 

Forfochen, Forfocht, Forfochten, Forfoochen, 
ppl. adj. worn out. Cf. Forfecht. 

Forforn, ppl. adj. worn out ; forlorn. Cf. 
Forfairn. 

Forfouchen, Forfouchten, Forfought, For- 
foughten, Forfowden, Forfuchan, ppl. adj. 
exhausted, worn out ; out of breath. Cf. 
Forfochen. 

Forgadder, Forgader, v. to meet together. 
Cf. Forgather. 

Forgain, Forgainst, prep, against, opposite 
to. 

Forgather, Forgaither, v. to assemble, to 
meet for a special purpose ; to encounter, 
meet with, meet by chance ; to consort 
with ; to come together in marriage ; with 
up, to become attached to. 

Forgathering, n. an assembly ; a social 
gathering ; an accidental meeting. 

Forge, v. used of children : to copy another's 
work and pass it off as one's own. 

Forgedder, Forgethar, v. to meet together. 
Cf. Forgather. 

Forgeit, v. pret. let fly. 

Forger, n. a child who habitually copies 
another's work. 

Forget, n. a neglect ; an omission ; an over- 
sight. 

Forgettil, Forgettle, adj. forgetful. 

Forgettilness, it. forgetfulness. 

Forgie, v. to forgive. 

Forgrutten, ppl. adj. tear-stained. 

Forhow, Forhoo, Forhooie, Forhui, v. to for- 
sake, abandon. 

Forit, phr. if it be not so. 

Forjaskit, Forjeskit,///. adj. jaded, fatigued. 

Forjidged, ppl. adj. jaded with fatigue. 

Fork, n. diligent search. — v. to 'pitch-fork' 
into ; to pitch hay or corn ; to search for ; 
to look after one's own interest. 

Forker, n. one who ' forks ' at a stack. 

Forker, n. an earwig. 

Forking, n. the division of a river into one 
or more streams ; a branch of a river at its 
parting from the main body ; the parting 
between the thighs ; looking out or search- 
ing for anything. 

Forknokit, ppl. adj. quite knocked up. 

Forky-, Forkit-tail, n. an earwig. 

Forlaithie, a. to loathe ; to disgust. — n. dis- 
gust ; a surfeit. 

Forlane, adj. quite alone, forlorn. 

Forlat, z>. to deal a blow. 

Forlatten, ppl. used of a blow : dealt. 

Forlay, v. to lie in ambush. 

Forle, v. to whirl, turn, twist. — n. a turning, 
a twist ; a small wheel ; * whorle ; a stone 
ring on the end of a spindle, making it 
revolve. 

Forleet, v. pret. dealt a blow. Cf. Forlat. 



189 



Forstand 



Forleet, Forfeit, v. to abandon ; to forget. 

Forleith, v. to loathe. Cf. Forlaithie. 

Forlet, Forlete, v. to abandon; to forget. 
Cf. Forleet. 

Forlethie, v. to loathe. Cf. Forlaithie. 

Forloff, n. a furlough. 

Forlore, adj. forlorn. 

Forlorn, adj. used of time : miserable, 
wretched. 

Forlut, v. pret. dealt a blow.—///, adj. used 
of a blow : dealt. Cf. Forlat. 

Form, v. to point, direct. 

Formalist, n. an expert in legal forms, writs, 
styles, &c. 

Former, n. a kind of chisel. Cf. Furmer. 

Fornackit, n. a fillip ; a sharp blow. 

Fornail, v. to spend money before receiving 
it. Cf. Forenail. 

Fornens, Fornenst, prep, opposite to. Cf. 
Forenent. 

Forniaw, Fornyauw, v. to fatigue, tire. 

Fornyawd, ppl. adj. fatigued. 

Forpit, n. the fourth part of a peck. 

Forra, adj. used of a cow : not giving milk ; 
not in calf. 

Forra, adv. a fishing term : forward ; in phr. 
'in the same forra,' said of two fishing-boats 
which, when casting lines, lie in the same 
stretch east and west. 

Forragate, n. the rowing while fishing-nets 
are being hauled. 

Forrage, n. gun or pistol wadding. 

Forrage-olout, n. wadding for gun or pistol. 

Forrat, Forret, Forrit, adv. forward. 

Forretsome, adj. of a forward disposition. 

Forridden, ppl. worn out with hard riding. 

Forrow, n. as much as is carted or carried at 
one time or turn. 

Forrow-cow, n. a cow not in calf. Cf. Farrow. 

Forsay, v. to deny, gainsay. 

Foracomfisht, ppl. adj. overcome by heat ; 
nearly overcome by bad smells. 

Forsee, v. to overlook ; to neglect ; to over- 
see, superintend. 

Forsel, n. a straw or ' bent ' mat to protect 
the back of a horse carrying a burden. — v. 
to harness. 

Foraens, n. the refuse of wool. 

Forset, v. to overpower with work ; to surfeit ; 
to overload. — n. surfeit. 

Forsey, n. the short ribs of beeves. Cf. Fore- 
sey. 

Foralitting, «. castigation ; * satirical repri- 
mand. 

Forsman, n. a foreman. 

Forapeak, v. to bewitch, charm. Cf. Fore- 
speak. 

Forst, adj. embanked. 

Forsta', v. to understand. 

Forstand, u. to withstand ; to understand. 



Fortaivert 



190 



Foul thief 



Fortaivert,///. much fatigued. Cf. Foraivert. 

Fortak, Fortack, v. to aim or deal a blow. 

Forth, adv. out of doors, abroad. — prep, forth 
from, outside of. — ?i. the open air. 

Forth-coming, n. accounting for money, pro- 
duction of accounts. 

Forther, adv. formerly. 

Forthersum, adj. rash ; of forward manner ; 
of an active disposition. Cf. Fordersome. 

Forthert, adv. forward. 

Forthgeng, n. the entertainment given at the 
departure of a bride from her own or her 
father's house. 

Forthiness, n. frankness, affability. Cf. 
Forthy. 

Forthink, v. to repent, regret. 

Forth-right, adv. forthwith. — adj. straight- 
forward. 

Forth-setter, a. a publisher ; an author ; a 
setter forth. 

Forthshaw, v . to show forth. 

Forthy, adj. early in production ; productive ; 
frank, cheerful. 

Fortifee, v. to pet, indulge ; to encourage, 
abet. 

Fortifier, n. an aider and abettor. 

Fortravail, v. to fatigue greatly. 

Fortune-maker, n. one prosperous in business. 

Forwakit, ///. adj. worn out with watching. 

Forwandered, ppl. adj. lost, strayed. 

Forward, adv. of a clock, &c. : in advance 
of the correct time. — adj. eager, energetic, 
zealous; present, arrived; intoxicated. Cf. 
Forret. 

Forwardness, n. eagerness. 

Forweery't, ppl. adj. worn out with fatigue. 

Forworn, ppl. adj. exhausted with fatigue. 

Foryawd, ppl. adj. fatigued. Cf. Fornyawd. 

Foryet, v. to forget. 

Foryettil, adj. forgetful. 

Foryoudent, ppl. adj. overcome with weari- 
ness ; breathless. 

Forzmin, n. a foreman. Cf. Forsman. 

Fosie, Fobv, adj. spongy, soft. 

Fossa, n. grass growing among stubble. 

Fossee, n. a fosse. 

Fosset, Fossetin, «. a rush-mat for keeping a 
horse's back unchafed. 

Foster, n. a foster-child ; an adopted child ; 
progeny. — v. to suckle. 

Fostern, n. Shrove-Tuesday. Cf. Fastern. 

Fotch, v. to change horses in a plough ; to 
change situations ; to exchange. — n. an ex- 
change of one thing for another. 

Fotch, v. to flinch. 

Fotch-plough, «. a plough that is worked 
with two yokings a day ; a plough used in 
killing weeds ; a plough in which horses 
and oxen are yoked together. Cf. Fatch- 
pleugh. 



Fother, n. fodder. — v. to give fodder. 

Fothering, n. fodder ; provisions. 

Fothersome, adj. rash. Cf. Forthersome. 

Fots, n. footless stockings. 

Fottie, n. one whose stockings, trousers, 
boots, &c. are too wide ; a plump, short- 
legged person or animal ; a female wool- 
gatherer, who went from place to place for 
the purpose of gathering wool. 

Fottit-thief, «. a thief of the lowest descrip- 
tion. 

Fou, adv. how. 

Fou, adv. why. 

Fou, adj. full ; well-fed, filled to repletion ; 
intoxicated, drunk ; well-to-do, rich ; puffed 
up, conceited. — adv. very, much; fully. — n. 
a fill ; tipple ; contents, what fills ; a firlot, 
a bushel of grain. — v. to make full, to fill. 

Fou, n. a pitchfork ; a kicking, tossing ; a 
heap of corn in the sheaves, or of bottles of 
threshed straw. — v. to kick, toss ; to throw 
up sheaves with a pitchfork. Cf. Fow. 

Fouat, n. a cake baked with butter and 
currants. 

Fouat, n. the house-leek. 

Fouchen, ppl. adj. wearied in struggling. 

Foucht, Fouchten, ppl. fought, —ppl- adj. 
troubled. 

Foud, n. the thatch and sods of a house when 
taken from the roof; foggage, long coarse 
grass not eaten down in summer. 

Fouet, n. the house-leek. 

Fou-ever, adv. however. 

Fouge, v. to ' fudge,' or cheat at marbles by 
unfairly advancing the hand before playing 
a marble. — n. the act of playing thus. 

Fouger, n. one who ' fouges ' at marbles. 

Fou-handit, -han't, adj. well-to-do ; losing 
nothing in a bargain. 

Fou-hoose, ». open house ; a hospitable house. 

Fouish, adj. slightly drunk. 

Fouk, n. folk. Cf. Fowk. 

Foul, adj. used of the weather : bad, gloomy. 
— adv. foully. — n. a storm, bad weather ; 
devil ; evil. — v. to soil legally or find 
guilty. 

Foul a-ane, -bit, -drap, phr. devil a-one, -bit, 
-drop. 

Foul and fair, phr. with come, whatever may 
happen. 

Foulbeard, n. a blacksmith's mop for his 
trough. 

Foul-befa', -fa', phr. devil take ! evil befall ! 

Foul-farren, adj. of foul appearance. 

Foulmart, «. a polecat. Cf. Foumart. 

Foul-may-care, «. phr. devil may care. Cf. 
Deil-ma-care. 

Foul-tak-ye, phr. devil take you ! evil take 
you. 

Foul thief, phr. the devil. 



Foul water 



191 



Foxter-leaves 



Foul water, n. part of a Halloween rite, the 
choice of which by a person blindfolded 
portended marriage to a widow or to a 
widower. 

Foulzie, v. to foil, defeat ; to defile.— n. filth, 
street-sweepings, dung. Cf. Fulyie. 

Foulzie-can, n. a pail for holding house 
refuse, ordure, &c. 

Foulzie-man, n. a scavenger. 

Foumart, n. the polecat ; an offensive person ; 
a sharp, quick-witted person. 

Foumart-faced, adj. having a face like a 
polecat. 

Foumartish, adj. having a strong or offensive 
smell. 

Fou-moo't, adj. having all one's teeth sound. 

Found, n. the foundation of a building ; the 
area on which the foundation is laid ; 
foundation, truth, substance. — v. to war- 
rant ; to have good grounds for an action 
at law. 

Founder, v. to collapse, break down ; used of 
a horse : to stumble violently ; to cause to 
stumble ; to fell ; to dismay ; to perish or 
be benumbed with cold ; to astonish. 

Founding, n. laying the foundation-stone. 

Founding-pint, n. drink, &c, given to work- 
men at the laying of the foundation of a 
house. 

Foundit, n. with a negative : nothing at all, 
not the least particle. 

Foundit-hait, phr. absolutely nothing. 

Found-stane, «. a foundation-stone ; origin, 
beginning. 

Foundy, v. to founder. 

Former, v. to collapse. Cf. Founder. 

Four-hours, n. a refreshment taken about 
four o'clock. 

Four-hours-at-een, n. four o'clock in the 
afternoon. 

Fourioghie, adj. hasty, passionate. Cf. 
Fooriochie. 

Four-lozened, adj. having four panes of glass 
in a window-frame. 

Four-luggit, adj. having four handles. 

Four-nookit, adj. four-cornered. 

Four-part-dish, n. an old measure holding 
the fourth of a peck. Cf. Forpit. 

Fours, n. all fours. 

Foursome, Foursum, n. a company of four. — 
adj. performed by four together. 

Four-stoopit-bed, n. a four-post bed. 

Fourthnight, n. a fortnight. 

Four-ways, n. four cross-roads. 

Fouscanhaud, n. a Celtic keeper of a low 
public-house. 

Fouse, n. the house-leek. Cf. Foose. 

tFousion, n. pith, substance. Cf. Foison. 

Fousome, adj. copious ; somewhat too large ; 
satiating; luscious. Cf. Full. 



Fousome, adj. nauseous ; disgusting ; dirty. 

Cf. Foul. 
Fousomeness, n. dirtiness. 
Fousticat, n. ' what-d'ye-call it ? ' How is it 

that you call it ? 
Fousty, adj. fusty ; mouldy, musty ; used of 

corn : mouldy or damp, having a musty 

smell. Cf. Fooshtie. 
tFousun, n. pith, substance. Cf. Foison. 
Fout, n. a spoiled child. 
Fout, n. a fool, a simpleton. 
Fout, 11. a sudden movement. 
Foutch, v. to exchange. — n. an exchange. 

Cf. Fotch. 
fFouter, v. to bungle. — n. a bungle ; a bungler. 

Cf. Footer. 
tFouter, n. a term of deepest contempt. — v. 

to ridicule. Cf. Footer. 
Fouth, n. abundance, fill. 
Fouthily, adv. prosperously, plentifully. 
Fouthless, adj. useless. 
Fouthlie, adv. plentifully. 
Fouthy, adj. prosperous, well-to-do ; hospit- 
able, liberal. 
Fouthy-like, adj. having the appearance of 

prosperity or abundance. 
Foutie, adj. mean ; obscene, smutty ; paltry. 

Cf. Footy. 
Foutilie, adv. meanly, basely ; obscenely. 
Foutiness, n. meanness ; obscenity. 
Foutrack, int. an excl. of surprise. 
Foutre, n. successful exertion. 
Foutsome, adj. forward ; officious, meddling. 
Fouty, adj. obscene. Cf. Foutie. 
Fow, v. to kick, toss ; to throw up sheaves 

with 1 pitchfork. — n. a corn-fork, a pitch- 
fork; a kicking, tossing ; a heap of sheaves 

or of bottles of straw. 
Fow, n. the house-leek. 
Fow, adj. full ; drunk. — n. a firlot ; a bushel. 

Cf. Fou. 
Fow, adj. foul. 
Fower, adj. four. 
Fowie, adj. well-to-do ; a term of disrespect ; 

phr. ' a fowie body,' an old hunks. 
Fowl, n. a bird of any kind. 
Fowlie, n. a chicken. 
Fowlie-bree, n. chicken broth. 
Fowmart, n. a polecat. 
Fowner, v. to founder. Cf Fooner. 
Fows, n. the house-leek. 
Fowsie, n. a fosse. Cf. Fossee. 
Fowsum, adj. somewhat too large ; luscious ; 

too sweet. Cf. Fousome. 
Fowsum, adj. nauseous. Cf. Fousome. 
Fowt, n. a fool. Cf. Fout. 
Fowth, n. plenty. Cf. Fouth. 
Fowty, adj. mean; paltry. Cf. Footy. 
Fox, v. to dissemble. 
Foxter-leaves, n. the foxglove. 



Foy 



192 



Free 



Foy, n. a farewell feast to or by one leaving a 

place, ending an apprenticeship, or finishing 

a job. — v. to be present at such a feast. 
Foy, adj. foolish, silly. 
tFoyard, «. a fugitive. 
Foyll, n. a defeat, foil. 
Foze, v. to wheeze ; to breathe with difficulty; 

to emit saliva. — n. difficulty in breathing. 
Foze, u. to lose flavour, become fusty. 
Foziness, n. sponginess ; obtuseness of mind, 

stupidity. 
Fozle, n. a weasel. 

Fozle, Fozzle, v. to wheeze. — n. a wheeze. 
Fozlin, n. great exertion with want of strength. 

— ppl. adj. weak ; breathing with difficulty. 
Fozy, adj. wet, moist with saliva, dribbling. 
Fozy, Fozzy, adj. light, spongy, soft, porous ; 

fat, bloated ; stupid, dull-witted ; hazy, 

foggy ; obscured by haze or fog. 
Fra,, prep, from. 
Fraat, adv. nevertheless ; ' for all that.' Cf. 

Frithat. 
tFracaw, n. a hubbub ; a brawl. 
Fracht, n. what can be carried or carted 

at one time. 
Flack, adj. ready, eager ; bold, forward ; 

stout, firm, hale, vigorous in old age. Cf. 

Freck. 
Fine, prep. from. — adv. from the time that. 
Fraesta, adv. pray thee ; notwithstanding. 
Fragalent, adj. advantageous, profitable ; 

undermining. 
Fraik, Fraick, v. to cajole, wheedle ; to coax. 

— n. flattering, coaxing ; a flatterer ; a 

wheedling person. 
Fraikas, «. much ado in a flattering sort of way. 
Fraiky, adj. coaxing, wheedling. 
Frail, n. a flail. 
Fraim, adj. strange, foreign, not of kin ; cold, 

reserved, unfriendly ; distant, far off. — n. a 

stranger, one unrelated by blood. Cf. 

Frem. 
Frain, u. to ask. — ». an inquiry. Cf. Frayn. 
Fraise, n. a disturbance, fuss ; bustle, excite- 
ment ; flattery, cajolery, vain talk. — v. to 

flatter, wheedle. 
Fraiae, n. a calf s pluck. 
Fraiaer, 11. a flatterer, wheedler. 
Fraisie, adj. given to flattery or vain talk. 
Fraisilie, adv. in a flattering, ' fraising ' way. 
Fraisinesa, n. addiction to flattery, &c. 
Fraising, n. flattery, cajolery. — ppl. adj. 

flattering. 
Fraisie, v. to flatter, pay court to. 
Fraiat, Fraiz'd, ppl. adj. greatly astonished ; 

having a wild, staring look. 
Frait, n. trouble, fret. 
Fraith, v. to froth, foam. — n. froth, foam. 
Fraize, v. to wheedle, flatter. Cf. Fraise. 
Frake, «. a freak ; a whim. Cf. Freak. 



Frake, v. to wheedle. Cf. Fraik. 

Fraky, adj. coaxing, wheedling. 

Frame, v. to succeed. — n. a skeleton. 

Framed, Framet, Frammit, adj. strange ; 
cold, distant. Cf. Frem. 

Frample, Frammle, v. to gobble up ; to put 
in disorder. — n. a confused mass ; dis- 
ordered clothes or yarn. 

Frampler, n. a disorderly person. 

Frandie, n. a. hay-cock ; a small rick of 
sheaves. 

Frane, v. to ask ; to insist, urge warmly. — 
n. an inquiry. Cf. Frayn. 

Frank, n. the heron. 

Frank, adj. used of a horse : willing, eager, 
not needing whip or spur. 

Frank-tenement, n. a freehold. 

Frap, v. to blight ; to destroy. 

Frappe, adj. insane, sullenly, melancholy. 

Fra't, adv. notwithstanding, 'for all that.' 

Frath, adj. reserved in manner. 

Fraucht, Fraught, n. a freight, load, what 
carts can bring at a time ; two bucketfuls 
of water ; passage money, boat-hire. — v. to 
freight ; to load. 

Frauchtless, adj. insipid ; without weight or 
importance. 

Frauchty, adj. liberal ; hospitable. 

Fraud, v. to defraud. 

Fraudling, n. the act of defrauding, committing 
of fraud. 

Frawart, adj. fro ward. 

Frawfu', adj. bold, impertinent ; sulky, 
scornful. 

Fray, n. terror, panic. — v. to frighten, daunt ; 
to be afraid. 

Frayn, v. to ask ; to insist ; to urge strongly. 
— n. inquiry. 

Freak, n. a strong man ; a fellow ; a fool ; 
a foolish fancy. Cf. Freik. 

Freak, v. to fret. 

Freak, v. to cajole. Cf. Fraik. 

Freat, n. a superstitious fancy. Cf. Freit. 

Freath, v. to froth, foam ; to make soap-suds ; 
to lather ; to wash clothes slightly before 
smoothing them with the iron. — n. soap- 
suds, froth ; a slight washing up of clothes 
before ironing them. 

Freazock, v. to coax, wheedle, cajole. Cf. 
Fraise. 

Frecht, v. to frighten. Cf. Fricht. 

Freek, adj. ready ; stout, hale. Cf. Frack. 

Freck, v. to cajole. Cf. Fraik. 

Freckle, adj. active, hot-spirited. 

Frecky, adj. coaxing. Cf. Fraiky. 

Free, adj. frank, outspoken ; genial, familiar ; 
liberal, ready, willing, under no restraint 
of conscience; unmarried; made free of 
burghal privileges; divested of; friable, 
easily crumbled ; used of cakes : short, 



Free-coup 



i93 



Frichtsomely 



brittle ; of corn : so ripe as to be easily 
shaken. — n. soft sandstone, freestone ; in 
//. Free Church members. 
Free-eoup, n. a place for emptying rubbish. 
Freedom, n. the right of pasturing on a 
common ; permission, leave. 

Free-gaun, adj. frank, affable. 
Freelage, n. an heritable property as dis- 
tinguished from a farm tenanted. — adj. 
heritable. 

Freely, adv. quite, Very ; thoroughly. 

Freeman, n. a neutral party. 

Free-martin, n. a female twin -calf where 
the other is a bull, supposed naturally 
incapable of ever having offspring. 

Freen, Freend, n. a friend ; a relation. 

Freesk, v. to scratch ; to curry ; to rub 
roughly or hastily ; to walk or work 
briskly ; with up, to beat soundly. — n. a 
hasty rub, work done hastily. 

Freet, n. butter, cheese, &c. Cf. Fret. 

Freet, n. a superstitious fancy or saying ; an 
omen, a charm ; a superstitious ceremony 
or rite ; a fancy, whim, trick ; a trifle. 

Freet, n. anything fried ; oatcake, &c, fried 
with dripping, butter, &c. 

Freethe, v. to foam, froth. Cf. Freath. 

Free-trade, n. smuggling. 

Free-trader, n. a smuggler. 

Freevolous, adj. trifling ; small, simple. 

Free-ward, n. freedom. 

Free-willers, n. Arminians, believers in free- 
will alone. 

Freff, adj. shy ; intimate. 

Freicht, v. to frighten. Cf. Fricht. 

Freight, n. two bucketfuls of water. Cf. 
Fraucht. 

Freik, n. a strong man ; a fellow ; a fool ; 
a foolish fancy. Cf. Freak. 

Frein, v. to whine. Cf. Frine. 

Freisk, v. to rub briskly ; to scratch ; to work 
hastily. Cf. Freesk. 

Freit, n. a superstitious fancy or practice ; 
a charm. Cf. Freet. 

Freit, v. to eat ; to eat into. Cf. Fret. 

Freith, «. liberal wages. 

Freith, v. to froth, foam. Cf. Freath. 

Freitten, ppl. adj. pitted, seamed, as with 
smallpox. 

Freity, adj. superstitious ; credulous as to 
omens, &c. 

Freize, v. to freeze. 

Frem, Fremd, Freme, Fremit, Fremmit, adj. 
strange, foreign ; unrelated by blood ; distant, 
reserved ; unfriendly, estranged ; far off. — 
«. a stranger ; one not a blood relation. 

Fremd-folk, ». strangers in contrast with 
relations. 

Fremd-sted, adj. forsaken by friends and cast 
upon strangers. 

13 



Fren, adj. strange, foreign ; ' fremd ' ; acting 

like a stranger. 
Frenauch, n. a crowd. 
French-butterfly, n. the common white 

butterfly. 
French-jackie, n. the boys' game of ' gap. ' 
French-puppy, n. the eastern poppy. 
French-saugh, n. the Persian willow-herb. 
French-wallflower, n. the purple - coloured 

wallflower. 
Frenchy, n. a boys' marble, of greenish- 
yellow colour. 
Frend, «. a relation by blood or marriage. 

Cf. Friend. 
Frenn, v. to rage, to be in a frenzy. 
Frennishin, Frenisin, n. rage, frenzy ; a 

half-asleep, dazed, or mentally - confused 

state. 
Frenyie, Frenzie, n. a fringe. — v. to fringe. 
Frenzy, v. with up, to madden, inflame. 
Frequent, adj. numerous, great in concourse. 

— v. to acquaint, give information ; with 

with, to associate with. 
Frequently, adv. numerously. 
fFrere, n. a brother. 
Fresch, int. an excl. of contempt. 
Fresh, adj. used of land : free from stock ; 

unsalted; novel, new; sober, not drunk; 

excited with drink ; used of the weather : 

thawing, wet, cold, open. — n. a flood in a 

river; a thaw. — v. to thaw. 
Fresh-water-muscle, n. the pearl mussel. 
Fret, v. to eat, devour ; to eat into. — n. a 

quarrel, revolt. 
Fret, Frett, n. a superstitious fancy. Cf. Freet. 
Fret, «. the product of milk ; butter, cheese, 

&c. 
Fretch, n. a flaw. 
Fret-taker, n. a woman supposed to have 

the power of lessening the ' profit ' of her 

neighbours' cows, and of increasing that of 

her own. 
Fretty, adj. fretful, peevish. 
Freuch, Freugh, adj. used of wood : brittle ; 

of corn : dry. 
Frey, n. stir, hurry ; cause of anxiety, &c. 
Frezell, n. a steel for striking fire. Cf. 

Frizzel. 
Friars'-chicken, n. chicken broth with eggs 

dropped into it. 
Friar-skate, n. the sharp-nosed ray. 
Fribble, v. to curl; to frizzle. — n. a trifler, a 

good-for-nothing fellow. 
Fricht, v. to frighten, scare away. — 11. fright. 
Friehtedly, adv. in a fright. 
Frichten, v. to frighten. 

Frichtfu', adj. frightful, terrible; bad, an- 
noying. 
Frichtsome, adj. frightful : causing fear. 
Frichtsomely, adv. fearfully. 



Fricht-the-craw 



194 



Frunsh 



Fricht-the-craw, ». a scarecrow. 
Fricksome, adj. vain ; vaunting. 
Friday's-bairn, n. a child born on Friday. 
Friday's-bawbee, -penny, phr. a weekly half- 
penny or penny given to a child on Friday 

as pocket-money. 
Frie, adj. friable. — «. freestone. Cf. Free. 
Fried-chicken, ». 'friars'-chicken.' 
Friend, Frien', n. a relation by blood or 

marriage. — v. to befriend. 
Friended, ppl. adj. having friends or relations. 
Friend-stead, adj. befriended, having friends. 
Friesk, v. to rub briskly. Cf. Freesk. 
Friet, v. to eat into. Cf. Fret. 
Frig, v. to potter about. 
tFrigassee, n. a fricassee. 
Friggle-fraggles, n. trifles; useless orna- 
ments of dress. 
Frim-fram, n. a trifle ; a whim. 
Frimple-frample, adv. promiscuously ; in a 

tangled fashion. Cf. Frample. 
Frine, v. to whine ; to fret peevishly. 
Frisk, n. a dance ; a caper ; a jig. — v. to 

cause to dance. 
Frisksome, adj. sportive, frisky. 
Frisky, adj. staggering from drink. 
Frist, v. to delay ; to give a debtor time to 

pay ; to give credit, sell on trust. — «. delay, 

respite ; credit, trust. 
Fristing, n. delay, suspension. 
Frith, n. a wood ; a clearing in a wood. 
Frithat, Frithit, adv. nevertheless, 'for a' 

that.' Cf. Fraat. 
Fritter, v. to scatter ; to reduce to fragments. 

— «. a fragment 
Frizz, re. a curl. 
Frizzel, n. the hammer of a gun or pistol ; a 

piece of steel for striking fire from a flint 
Frizzel-spring, n. the spring of a gun or 

pistol. 
Frizzle, n. a hissing, sputtering sound, as of 

frying. 
Frizzle, v. to flatter, coax ; to make a great 

fuss. 
Froad, v. to froth, foam. — n. froth, foam. 
Froath-stick, n. a stick for whipping up 

cream, &c. 
Froch, adj. brittle ; dry. Cf. Freuch. 
Frock, n. a sailor's or fisherman's knitted 

woollen jersey. 
Frock, ». the term used in distinguishing the 

different pairs in a team of oxen, as hind-, 

mid-, fore-frock. Cf. Throck. 
Frock-soam, «. * chain fixed to the yoke 

of the hindmost oxen in a plough, and 

stretched to that of the pair before them. 
Frocky, adj. brittle. Cf. Freuch. 
Froe, re. froth. 
Frog, v. to snow or sleet at intervals. — ». a 

flying shower of snow or sleet. 



Frog, Frogue, re. a young horse between one 

and two years old ; a colt about three years 

old. 
Froicbfu', ad), perspiring. 
Froie, re. froth. Cf. Froe. 
From, prep, in reckoning time by the clock : 

before a certain hour. 
tFrone, re. a sling. 
Front, re. inj>Ar. 'in front of, 'before in point 

of time. 
Front, v. to swell, distend, used of meat in 

boiling. 
Front-briest, «. the front-pew in a church 

gallery. 
Fronter, re. a ewe four years old. 
Frontispiece, «. the front, or front-view of a 

house. 
Fronty, adj. passionate ; high-spirited, free in 

manner ; healthy-looking. 
Frooch, adj. brittle ; dry. Cf. French. 
Frost, re. ice ; a poor hand at ; an ignoramus. 

—v. to become frozen or frost-bitten ; to 

spoil through frost ; to prepare horses' shoes 

for frost ; used of the hair : to turn gray or 

white. 
Frost-rind, re. hoar-frost. 
Frost-, Frosty-win', re. a freezing wind. 
Frost-, Frosty-wise, adj. tending to frost. 
Frosty-bearded, adj. having a gray or white 

beard. 
Frosty-pow, n. a gray head. 
Frothe, v. to wash slightly. — n. a slight 

washing. 
Frothing-stiek, n. a stick or horse-hair whisk 

for whipping cream or milk. C£ Froath- 
stick. 
Frothy, adj. good at early rising ; early at 

work ; energetic. Cf. Forthy. 
Frou, k. froth. Cf. Froe. 
tFrow, n. a big, fat woman. 
Frowdie, n. a big, lusty woman. — adj. used of 

a woman : big, lusty. 
Frowdie, n. a woman's cap ; a ' sowback 

mutch,' with a seam at the back, worn by 

old women. 
Frowngy, adj. frowning, gloomy, lowering. 
Frozening, «. a freezing ; the act of being 

frozen. 
Frnesome, adj. coarse-looking ; frowsy. 
Frugal, adj. frank, kindly, affable. 
Fruize, r . pret. froze. 
Frump,. «. a badly dressed woman. 
Frump, n. an unseemly fold or gathering in 

any part of one's clothes. 
Frample, r. to wrinkle ; to crease ; to crumple. 
Frnmpses, ». ill-humour, sulks. 
Frumpy, adj. peevish. 
France, n. a plait. 
Frunsh, v. to fret, whine ; to frown, gloom ; 

to pucker the face- 



Frunter 



J 95 



Fulsie 



Frunter, «. a ewe in her fourth year. Cf. 
Fronter. 

Frunty, adj. free in manner ; healthy-looking ; 
keen, eager, forward. Cf. Fionly. 

Fruozen, ppl. adj. frozen. 

Frush, «. a collection of fragments. — adj. 
brittle, crumbling : frail, fragile ; tender- 
hearted : frank ; forward. 

FruBhness, «. brittleness. 

Fry, n. a number of children ; a clique, set, 
crew. 

Fry, «. a disturbance, tumult ; stir, bustle. — 
v. to be in a passion ; to be pestered or in 
a state of agitation. 

Frythe, v. to fry ; to feel great indignation. 

Frything-pan, ». a frying-pan. 

Fu, adv. how. Cf. Fou. 

Fu, adv. why. Cf. Foo. 

Fu', adj. full ; tipsy. Cf. Fou. 

Fu", adj. dirty. Cf. Foul. 

Fud, n. the buttocks ; the female pudendum ; 
the brush of a hare or rabbit ; a queue, or 
the hair tied behind. 

Fud, i'. to whisk, scud, like a rabbit or hare: 
to frisk ; to walk with short, quick steps. — 
n. a quick, nimble walk ; a small man who 
walks with short, quick steps. Cf. Whid. 

tFudder, «. a gust of wind : a flurry ; the 
shock occasioned by a gust of wind ; a 
sudden noise ; a stroke, a blow ; a hurry. 
lusty motion. — v. to move hurriedly ; to 
patter with the feet; to run to and fro in 
an excited and aimless manner. 

Fudder, «. a large quantity ; a cartload : 
u certain weight of lead ; a great number ; 
a confederacy. 

Fudder, row/, whether. 

Fudder-flash, n. a flash of lightning. 

Fuddie. ». the ' fud * of a rabbit or hare ; a hare. 

Fuddie-hen, n. a hen without a tail. 

Fuddie-skirt, «. a short coat or vest. 

Fuddik, ». a very short person who walks 
with a quick, nimble step. 

Fuddle, t: with /'//, to sow seed in wet 
weather, or when the soil is in a ' puddle.' 

Fuddle, ». a drinking-bout ; intoxication. 

Fuddum, «. snow drifting at intervals. 

Fuddy, if. a name given to the wind personi- 
fied. 

Fuddy, «. the bottom of a com- kiln. 

Fudgel, ad/, plump, fat, and squat. Cf. 
Fodgel. 

Fudgie, adj. short and fat. 

Fudgie, n. a fugitive ; a coward. Cf. Fngie. 

Fudie-skirt. n. a short coat or vest. 

Fuding, ppl. adj. gamesome : sportive ; frisky. 

Fudle, v. to fuddle. 

Fueling, ». the cutting of peats for fuel. 

Fuff, v. to puff, blow ; to breathe heavily ; 
used of a cat: to spit, make a hissing 



sound : to sniff ; with away, to go off in a 
' huff' or fuming: with off, out, up, to blaze 
up suddenly, to explode. — «. an explosive 
sound ; a splutter ; the hissing sound made 
by a cat ; a puff of wind ; a short smoke of 
tobacco ; a whiff of any odour : a sudden 
outburst of anger. — int. an excl. of dis- 
pleasure or contempt ; pooh ! 

Fuffers, //. a pair of bellows. 

Fuffily, miz: hastily ; scornfully. 

Fuffin, n. puffing. 

Fuffit, n. the British long- tailed titmouse. 

Fuffle, Fuffel, t. to ruffle, rumple; to dishevel. 
— «. fuss ; violent exertion. 

Fuffle-daddie, ». a foster-father. 

Fuffy, adj. light, soft, spongy ; short-tempered. 

Fug, n. moss. Cf. Fog. 

Fuggie, n. a coward. Cf. Fugie. 

Fuggie, ». a small yellow bee. Cf. Foggie. 

Fuggie-bell, ». a truant. 

Fuggie-the-skweel, «. a truant from school. 

Fuggy, adj. mossy. Cf. Foggie. 

Fugie, Fuge, Fugee, «. a fugitive from law ; 
a cock that will not fight ; a coward ; a 
blow given as a challenge to fight. — adj. 
fugitive, running away, retreating. — v. to 
run away, play truant from. 

Fugie-blow, n. a blow challenging to fight ; 
the 'cowardly-lick.' 

Fugie-cock, n. a cock that will not fight. 

Fugie-warrant, /;. a warrant to arrest a 
debtor intending to flee. 

Fugle, v. to signal ; to give an example of. 

Fuhre, r. to go. 

Fuilteachs, «. half of January and half of 
February OS. 

tFuilyie, i'. to foil, get the better of; to soil. 

Fuir-days, phr. late in the afternoon. 

Fuirsday, «. Thursday. 

Fuish, v. pret. fetched. 

Fuishen, ///. fetched. 

Fuist, n. a fusty smell. — r. to acquire a fusty 
smell. Cf. Foosht. 

Fuit, «. the house-leek. Cf. Fount. 

Fule, «. fool. — adj. foolish. 

Fule, n. a fowl. 

Fule-bodie, «. a foolish person. 

Fule-thing, «. a foolish creature ; a silly, 
giddy coquette. 

Fulfil, r. to fill up or to the full. 

Full, adj. puffed up, conceited ; used of 
herrings : in good condition ; fully. — ». 
contents; a firlot, a bushel of grain; a 
herring before it spawns. — ;■. to fill. Cf. 
Fou. 

Full-begotten, adj. lawfully begotten. 

Fulmar, //. a species of petrel. 

Fulp, n. a whelp. — v. to whelp: to give birth 
to. Cf. Fup. 

tFulsie, v. to soil, defile; to foil, defeat-- 



Fulsome 



196 



Fure 



n. filth, dung, street-sweepings. Cf. Foulzie, 

Fuilyie. 
Fulsome, adj. copious, giving abundance ; 

used of a garment : somewhat too large ; 

of food : satiating, ' filling,' surfeiting, 

luscious, rich. Cf. Fousome. 
Fulsomoness, n. lusciousness. 
Fultacks, n. half of January and half of 

February O.S. Cf. F'uilteachs. 
Fulthy, adj. mean, niggardly. 
tFulye, Fulzie, n. a leaf; leaf-gold. 
tFulyie, Fulzie, v. to soil ; to defeat, foil. 

Cf. Foulzie, Fuilyie. 
Fum, 11. a useless, slovenly woman. 
Fumart, n. a polecat. Cf. Foumart. 
Fume, n. scent, fragrance. 
Fummert, ppl. adj. benumbed ; torpid. 
Fummils, n. a whip for a top. 
Fummle, Fummel, v. to upset. Cf. Whummle. 
Fummle, v. to fumble ; to disturb by handling 

or poking ; with out, to extract slowly and 

unwillingly. — n. weakly doing of work; 

needless, foolish, or awkward handling. 
Fummlin', ppl. adj. unhandy at work ; weak. 
Fumper, v. to whimper ; to sob ; to hint, 

mention. — n. - whimper ; ■- whisper. Cf. 

Whimper. 
Fun, ppl. adj. found. 
Fun, n. gorse. Cf. Whin. 
Fun, v. to joke; to indulge in fun. — n. a 

hoax ; a practical joke. 
Funabeis, adv. however. 
Fund, ppl. adj. found. 
Fund, n. a foundation. Cf. Found. 
Fundament, Fundment, n. a foundation ; a 

founding. 
Fundamental, «. the seat of the breeches ; in pi. 

the fundamental doctrines of religion. — adj. 

adhering to the 'fundamentals,' orthodox. 
Funder, v. to founder ; to collapse. Cf. 

Fooner. 
Fundy, v. to founder; to become stiff with 

cold. Cf. Funnie. 
Funeral-letter, n. an invitation to attend a 

funeral. 
Funeralls, n. funeral expenses, escutcheon, 

ceremonies, &c. 
Funeuch, adj. glad, pleased, merry. 
Fung, v. to strike, beat ; to kick ; to throw 

with force ; to anger ; to annoy, offend ; to 

work briskly ; to work in a temper ; to lose 

one's temper ; to give forth a sharp, whizzing 

sound. — n. a blow, thrust, kick ; a ' bang ' 

out, the pet, a fit of bad temper. — adv. 

violently, with a ' whiz. ' 
Fung, n. beer. 
Fung about, v. to drive hither and thither 

at high speed. 
Fungel, n. an uncouth, suspicious -looking 

person or beast. 



Funger, n. a whinger, hanger. 

Fungibles, n. movable goods which may be 
valued by weight or measure, as grain or 
money. 

Fungie, adj. apt to take offence. 

Funk, v. used of a horse : to shy, kick up the 
heels ; with off, to throw the rider ; with 
up, to lift up smartly ; to die. — n. a kick, a 
smart blow ; a rage ; opposition ; in pi. 
humours. 

Funk, v. to faint ; to become afraid ; to shirk, 
fail ; to fight shy of ; to wince ; to cheat 
in marbles by playing without keeping the 
hand on the ground, or by jerking or 
stretching the arm, and so obtaining an 
unfair advantage. — n. a jerk of the arm 
unfairly accelerating a marble ; a fright, 
alarm, perturbation. 

Funker, n. a horse or cow that kicks ; a kicker. 

Funkie, «. one who is afraid to fight. 

Fun-mill, n. a mill for bruising 'whins' or 
furze for food for horses, &c. 

Funnie, Funie, v. to become stiff with cold ; 
to be benumbed ; to founder. Cf. Fundy. 

Funniet, ppl. adj. easily affected by cold. 

Funny, adj. strange, curious, unwonted ; 
eccentric ; merry, producing mirth or 
ridicule. 

Funny, n. a game of marbles, where the 
marbles are set on a line, and the ones 
that are hit are restored to their owners. 

Funny-bone, n. the elbow-joint. 

Funs, n. furze, ' whins. ' 

Funsar, n. an unshapely bundle of clothes. 

Funschoch, Funschick, n. a sudden grasp ; 
energy and activity at work. 

Funseless, adj. without strength ; dry, 
withered ; sapless. Cf. Fusionless. 

Fup, n. a whelp, a pup. — v. to whelp, to pup. 
Cf. Fulp. ' 

Fup, n. a whip ; a cut from a whip ; a blow ; 
a moment, —v. to whip, beat. Cf. Whip. 

Fuppertie-geig, n. a base trick. 

Fur, n. a furrow ; a furrowing, ploughing. 
— v. to furrow ; to rib stockings. 

Furage, n. wadding for gun or pistol. 

Fur-ahin, ;/. the hindmost right-hand horse in 
a plough. 

Fur-beast, n. the horse that walks in the 
furrow in ploughing. 

Furc, n. the gallows. 

Furder, adj. more remote. — adv. further. — v. 
to aid ; to provoke ; to speed ; to succeed. 
— n. luck, success ; progress. 

Furdersome, adj. active ; expeditious ; rash, 
venturesome ; forward ; favourable, for- 
warding. 

Fur-drain, n. a small trench ploughed periodi- 
cally in the land for drainage. 

Fure, adj. firm, fresh ; sound. 



Pure 

Fure, n. a furrow. Cf. Fur. 

Fure, v. to go. — v. pret. went. 

Fure-days, phr. late in the afternoon. 

Fur-felles, n. furred skins. 

Furfluthered, ppl. adj. disordered ; agitated. 

Cf. Forfluther. 
Fur-horse, n. the horse that treads the furrow 

in ploughing. 
Furhow, v. to forsake, abandon. Cf. Forhow. 
Furich, n. bustle. Cf. Foorich. 
Furiositie, n. madness, insanity. 
Furious, adj. insane, mad ; extraordinary ; 

excessive. — adv. uncommonly; excessively. 

Cf. Feerious. 
Furl, v. to whirl, wheel, encircle ; to spin a 

teetotum, &c. — n. a short spell of stormy 

weather ; a sharp attack of illness. 
Furlad, Furlet, n. a firlot. 
Furlie, n. a turner. 

Furlie-fa', n. a trifling excuse ; a showy, use- 
less ornament. — v. to make trifling excuses 

before doing anything. 
Furligig, Furligiggum, n. a 'whirligig'; a 

light-headed girl ; a child's toy of four 

cross-arms with paper sails attached, which 

spin round in the wind on the end of a 

stick. Cf. Whirligig. 
Furloff, n. a furlough. Cf. Fore-Ioofe. 
Furlpool, n. a whirlpool. 
Furly birs, ». the knave of trumps. 
Furm, n. a form, a bench. 
+Furmage, n. cheese. 
Furmer, n. a flat chisel. 
Furnishings, n. furniture ; belongings. 
Furniture, v. to furnish ; to have furniture. 
Furoch, n. bustle. Cf. Foorich. 
Furr, n. a furrow. Cf. Fur. 
Furr, v. to choke up, clog with any substance ; 

to be incrusted, as a kettle. — n. the incrusta- 
tion in a kettle. 
Furrage, n. wadding for gun or pistol. Cf. 

Forrage. 
Furret, adv. forward. 
Furroohie, adj. feeble, infirm from rheumatism 

or old age. 
Furrow, v. to forage. 
Furrow cow, n. a cow not with calf. Cf. 

Farrow. 
Fur-scam, n. the second horse from the right 

hand in a four - abreast team in an old 

Orkney plough. 
Fursday, n. Thursday. 
Fur-side, n. the iron plate in a plough for 

turning over the furrow. 
Fur-sin, n. the cord to which the hook of a 

plough is attached. 
Furth, adv. iox<Ca.—prep. out of. — n. the open 

air. 
Furthie, adj. thrifty, managing ; frank, 

affable ; hospitable. Cf. Forthy. 



197 



Futher 



Furthilie, adv. frankly ; without reserve. 
Furthiness, u. frankness, affability. 
Furthsetter, u. a setter forth ; a publisher ; 

an author. Cf. Forthsetter. 
Furth-the-gait, adv. in phr. ' fair furth-the- 

gait,' honestly.— adj. holding a straightfor- 
ward course. 
Furthy, adj. frank, affable ; unabashed ; 

forward, impudent ; early in production. 

Cf. Forthy. 
I Furtigue, n. fatigue. 
Fury, 11. madness. 
Fuschach, Fushach, n. a fluffy mass ; a rough 

bundle or truss carelessly made up. Cf. 

Fusschach. 
Fush, n. fish. — v. to fish. 
Fush, Fushen, v. pret. and ppl. fetched. 
tFushen, Fushon, n. ' foison ' ; pith, vigour, 

&c. Cf. Fissen, Foison. 
Fushica'd, n. what-do-you-call-it? Cf. Fous- 

ticat. 
Fushica'im, n. what-do-you-call-him ? 
tFushion, n. pith ; substance. Cf. Foison. 
Fushionless, adj. pithless ; tasteless, feeble. 

Cf. Fissenless. 
Fushloch, n. waste straw about a barn-yard ; 

a rough bundle, an untidy mass. 
+Fushon, n. pith ; substance. Cf. Foison. 
Fusht, int. whisht ! hush ! 
tFusion, n. 'foison' ; pith, substance, vigour. 
Fusionless, adj. pithless ; tasteless. 
Fusker, n. a whisker ; beard and whiskers. 
Fusky, n. whisky. 
Fusky-pig, n. a whisky-jar. 
Fusle, v. to whistle ; to rustle. — n. a bustle. 

Cf. Fissle. 
Fuslin, ppl. adj. trifling. 
Fu'some, adj. nauseous, loathsome, disgust- 
ing. Cf. Fousome. 
Fusschach, v. to work hastily and awkwardly. 

— «. an untidy bundle. 
Fusschle, Fusschal, n. a small, untidy bundle 

of hay, straw, rags, &c. 
Fussle, n. a sharp blow. — v. to beat sharply. 
Fussle, n. a whistle. — v. to whistle. 
Fussle, n. fusel-oil. 

Fussock, k. an untidy bundle. Cf. Fusschach. 
Fustit, ppl. adj. musty. Cf. Foosht. 
Fustle, v. to whistle. 

Fustle fair oot, phr. to be straightforward. 
Fute, Fut, n. a foot. Cf. Foot. 
Fute, n. a fool. Cf. Fout. 
tFuter, Futor, n. a term of deepest contempt. 

— v. to ridicule. Cf. Footer. 
Futher, pron. and conj. whether. 
Futher, n. the future. 
Futher, n. a large quantity ; a number ; a 

gathering. 
Futher, n. the whizzing sound of quick 

motion. Cf. Whither. 



Futher 



198 



Gaave 



tFuther, Futhir, v. to bungle. Cf. Footer. 
Futherer, n. in phi: ' peat - futherer,' one 

who supplies peats. 
Futhil, v. to work or walk clumsily, — it. 

hasty, clumsy working or walking ; a 

fussy, clumsy person ; a short and stout 

person. 
Futith, Futoch, n. bustle ; a riot ; a dilemma. 

Cf. Footith. 
Futrat, 11. a weasel. Cf. Futteret. 
+Futter, v. to bungle. — «. a bungle ; a 

bungler. Cf. Footer. 
+Futter, it. a term of the greatest contempt. 

Cf. Footer. 
Futteret, Futterad, n. a weasel ; a term of 

contempt. Cf. Whitteret. 
Futtle, n. a knife, a whittle. — v. to whittle. 
Futtle, v. to work or walk clumsily. Cf. 

Futhil. 
Futtle-the-pin, «. an idler. — v. to be idle ; to 

be too long in doing anything. 
Futtlie-bealin, n. a whitlow. 
Futty, adj. neat, trim ; expeditious. Cf. 

Fittie. 
Futty, Futy, adj. mean, paltry, worthless j 

meaningless. Cf. Footy. 
Fuze, n. strength, pith. 
tFuzen, Fuzhon, Fuzzen, n. pith ; substance, 

vigour. Cf. Foison. 
Fuzzle, n. beverage, 'tipple.' 
Fuzzlet, ;/. a smart blow. Cf. Fussle. 
Fuzzy, adj. buzzing, fizzing, hissing. 
Fuzzy, adj. fluffy, feathery. 
Fy, int. an excl. calling to notice, hurry, or 

a summons. 
Fy, n. whey. 

Fyaach, v. to fidget ; to ' fike ' here and there. 
Fyaehle, v. to loaf about ; to work at any- 
thing softly ; to move about in a silly, 

' feckless ' way ; with dcnvn, to fall softly 

down. 



Fyak, it. a woollen plaid. Cf. Faik. 

Fyantich, adj. in fair health ; hilarious. 

Fyantish, adj. plausible ; fulsome in compli- 
ments or welcome ; used of lovers : show- 
ing or expressing great fondness. 

Fyarter, n. an expression of contempt for 
any bad quality that is not immoral or dis- 
honest. 

Fy-blots, n. the scum formed on boiling 
whey. 

Fy-brose, 11. ' brose ' made with whey. 

Fychel, «. a young foal ; a fondling name for 
a young foal. Cf. Foichal. 

Fye, adj. doomed ; acting as if doomed. Cf. 
Fey. 

Fye-haste, ». a great hurry. 

Fyeuch, v. to smoke a pipe. — n. a short 
smoke. Cf. Feuch. 

Fyeuch, int. an excl: of disgust. Cf. Feuch. 

Fyfteen, adj. fifteen. 

Fy-gae-by, «. a jocular name for diarrhoea. 

Fy-gae-to, n. a fuss, disturbance, bustle. 

Fy-gruns, «. the finely -divided sediment 
formed after whey cools. 

Fyke, n. the fish, Medusa's head. 

Fyke, v. to fidget. Cf. Fike. 

Fyke-fack, n. a troublesome job ; a small 
household job. Cf. F'ike-fack. 

Fykesome, adj. fidgety. 

Fyle, v. to bring in guilty, condemn ; to soil, 
defile. Cf. File. 

Fyooack, n. a very small quantity of any- 
thing. 

Fyoonach, n. used of snow : a sprinkling, as 
much as just whitens the ground. 

Fyow, adj. few. 

Fysigunkus, «. a man devoid of curiosity. 

Fyte, v. to cut wood with a knife. — n. a cut. 
— phr. ' to fyte the pin,' to be too long in 
doing anything. Cf. White. 

Fyte, adj. white. Cf. White. 



Ga', ti. the gall of an animal ; a gall-nut ; a 
disease of the gall affecting cattle and sheep ; 
spite ; a grudge. Cf. Gall. 

Ga', n. an abrasion or sore on the skin ; a trick 
or bad habit ; a crease in cloth ; a layer of 
different soil from the rest, intersecting a 
field ; a furrow, a drain ; a hollow with 
water springing in it. — v. to rub, excoriate ; 
to irritate ; to chafe, fret, become pettish. 

Ga', v. pret. gave. 

Ga, v. to go. Cf. Gae. 

Gaabril, n. a big, uncomely, ill-natured 
person. 

Gaa-bursen, adj. short-winded. 

Gaad, n. a goad. Cf. Gad. 

Gaadie, adj. showy ; tricky. Cf. Gaudy. 



Gaa-grass, n. a plant growing in streams, 

used for disease of the gall. 
Gaan, adj. straight, near. — adv. tolerably. 

Cf. Gain. 
Gaan, ppl. going. 

Gaap, v. to stare. Cf. Gaup, Goup. 
Gaar, n. oozy vegetable stuff in the bed of 

streams and ponds ; hardened rheum from 

the eyes ; a thin poultice of oatmeal and 

cold water. Cf. Garr. 
Gaar, v. to scratch ; to gore. — n. a scratch; 

a seam. Cf. Gaur. 
Gaa-sickness, it. gall -disease in cattle and 

sheep. 
Gaat, n. a gelded pig. 
Gaave, v. to laugh loudly. Cf. Gaff. 



Grab 



t99 



Gae-doon 



Gab, «. impertinent talk ; prating ; entertain- 
ing conversation ; the mouth, the tongue ; 

one who talks incessantly ; the palate, taste ; 

appetite. — v. to speak impertinently ; to 

reply impertinently ; to chatter ; to play 

the tell-tale. 
Gab, n. the hook on which pots are hung at 

the end of the ' crook.' 
Gab, n. in phr. 'the gab o' May,' the last 

days of April; weather anticipating that 

of May. 
tGabbart, Gabbard, n. a lighter ; an inland 

sailing-vessel. 
Gabbart, n. a mouthful, morsel ; a. fragment, 
' bit of anything. 
Gabber, n. a talkative person ; jargon.-— z<. 

to gabble, jabber. 
Gabber, n. a broken piece ; what has come to 

grief. Cf. Gaber. 
Gabber-stroke, n. the gavboard-strake of a 

boat. 
Gabbet, n. a gobbet ; a mouthful ; the palate, 

taste. 
Gabbie-labbie, n. confused talking. 
Gabbing, n. talk, chatter, gabble. 
Gabbing-chat, «. a chatterer ; a tell-tale ; a 

talkative child who tells of all he hears. 
Gabbit, adj. having a mouth or tongue ; 

gossipy ; talkative ; used of milk : passed 

through the mouth. — n. a mouthful; a bit 

of anything. 
Gabble, v. to scold ; to wrangle. 
Gabbock, Gabbot, «. a mouthful; a fragment. 
Gabbock, n. a talkative person. 
Gabby, n. the mouth ; the palate ; the crop 

of a fowl. 
Gabby, adj. talkative ; fluent. — n. a pert 

chatterer. 
Gaber, n. a lean horse. 
Gaber, n. a fragment ; anything broken. Cf. 

Gabber. 
Gaberlunzie, n. a wallet that hangs on the 

loins. 
Gaberlunzie, Gaberlunyie, Gaberloonie, n. a 

licensed beggar ; a mendicant ; the calling 

of a beggar. 
Gaberlunzie-man, n. a beggar who carries a 

wallet. 
Gaberosie, n. a kiss. 
tGabert, n. a lighter. Cf. Gabbart. 
Gaberts, n. a kind of gallows for supporting 

the wheel of a draw-well ; three poles of 

wood, like a ' shears,' forming an angle at 
. the top, for weighing hay. 
Gab-gash, n. petulant chatter ; vituperation. 
Gabiator, n. a gormandizer. 
Gable-end, n. the end wall of a building. 

Cf. Gavel. 
Gable-room, n. a room at the gable of a 
house. 



Gab-nash, n. petulant chatter ; a prattling, 

forward girl. Cf. Snash-gab. 
Gab-shot, n. having the under jaw projecting 

beyond the upper. Cf. Gebshot. 
Gab-stick, n. a spoon ; a large wooden spoon. 
Gack, n. a gap. 
Gad, n. an iron bar; a goad for driving 

horses or cattle ; a fishing-rod ; the gad-fly. 
Gad, it. in phr. 'a gad of ice,' a large mass 

of ice. 
tGad, n. a troop or band. 
Gad-boy, u. the boy who went with the 

ploughman and ' goaded ' his team. 
Gadder, v. to gather ; to assemble ; to amass 

money. Cf. Gaither. 
Gadderin, n. an assembly, meeting ; a fester- 
ing lump. 
Gaddery, n. a collection. 
Gaddie, adj. gaudy ; showy ; tricky. 
Gadding-pole, n. a goad or pointed stick for 

driving horses or cattle. 
Gade, n. a 'gad,' goad. 
Gade, v. pret. went. 
Gade, v. pret. gave. 
Gadge, v. to dictate impertinently ; to talk 

idly with stupid gravity. 
Gadge, n. a standard, a measure ; a search, 

scrutiny, look-out ; a hunt or watch for one's 

own interests. — v. to measure. 
Gadger, n. an exciseman; a ganger; one who 

is on the watch for gifts, &c. 
Gadie, adj. showy ; tricky. 
Gadje, «. a person, used contemptuously. 
Gadman, Gadsman, n. the man or boy in 

charge of a plough-team, for driving the 

team with a ' gad ' ; a ploughman. 
Gadwand, n. a. 'gadding-pole.' 
Gae, it. the jay. 

Gae, «. a sudden break in a stratum of coal. 
Gae, v. to go; used of animals- to graze; to 

die. 
Gae, v. to give. — v. pret. gave. 
Gae aboot, v. used of a disease : to prevail 

. in a locality. 
Gae awa, int. an excl. of contempt, ridicule, 

surprise, &c. — v. to swoon ; to die. 
Gae back, -o. used of cows : to stop or 

lessen the milk they give. 
Gae-between, n. a servant who does part of the 

housemaid's work and part of the cook's. 
Gaebie, n. the mouth ; palate ; the crop of n 

fowl. Cf. Gabby. 
Gae-by, •v. to befall. 
Gae-bye, ;;. a cheat, an evasion. 
Gae by oneself, phr. to go off one's head. 
Gaed, v. pret. went. 
Gaed, v. pret. gave. 
Gae-doon, n. the act of swallowing ; appetite; 

a guzzling or drinking match. — v. to be 

hanged, executed. 



Gae-lattan 2 

Gae-lattan, n. an accouchement ; verge of 

bankruptcy. 
Gaen, ppl. gone. 
Gaen, ///. given. 
Gaen, prep, used of time : before, within. — 

conj. before, until ; if. Cf. Gin. 
Gae-owre, v. to swarm ; to excel, transcend ; 

to cross, as a bridge. 
Gaeppie, n. a large horn spoon, requiring a 

widely-opened mouth. 
Gaet, n. a child ; a brat ; a bastard. Cf. 

Gett. 
Gaet, n. rags, bits. 
Gaet, >i. a way. Cf. Gate. 
Gae the country, phr. to tramp as a beggar 

or itinerant hawker. 
Gae thegither, v. to be married. 
Gae through, n. a great tumult ; much ado 

about nothing. — v. to bungle ; to waste ; to 

come to grief. 
Gae-to, n. a brawl, squabble ; a drubbing. 
Gae to the bent, phr. to abscond from 

creditors or other pursuers. 
Gae wi\ v. to court ; to go to wreck ; to 

coincide. 
Gaff, v. to interchange merry talk, to ' daff ' ; 

to laugh loudly. — n. a loud laugh ; rude, 

loud talk ; impertinence. 
Gaffa, Gaffaw, v. to laugh loudly ; to guffaw. 

— n. a loud laugh, a guffaw. 
Gaffaer, n. a loud laugher. 
Gaffer, n. a loquacious person. 
Gaffer, n. a grandfather ; an elderly man ; a 

term of respect ; an overseer. 
Gaffin, ppl. adj. light-headed, thoughtless, 

giddy. 
Gaffnet, n. a large fishing-net, used in rivers. 
Ga-fur, n. a furrow in a field for letting water 

run off. 
Gag, w. a joke, hoax. — v. to ridicule; to 

hoax, deceive, play on one's credulity. 
Gag, «. a filthy mass of any liquid or semi- 

liquid substance. 
Gag, n. a chap in the hands, a deep cut or 

wound ; a rent or crack in wood, a chink 

arising from dryness. — v. used of the hands : 

to chap, crack ; to break into chinks or 

cracks through dryness. 
Gage, n. wage, salary. 
Gage, n. a standard, measure ; a search. Cf. 

Gadge. 
Gager, «. an exciseman. Cf. Gauger. 
Gaggee, n. one who is hoaxed. 
Gagger, //. one who hoaxes or deceives. 
Gagger, n. a large, ugly mass of any liquid 

or semi-liquid substance ; the under-lip ; a 

large, ragged cloud ; a deep, ragged cut or 

wound; a large, festering sore. — v. to cut or 

wound so as to cause a ragged edge. 
Gagger-lip, „. a large, protruding lip. 



Gair-carlin 

Gaggery, «. a deception, hoax. 
Gagging, n. a hoax ; a hoaxing. 
Gaggle, v. to laugh affectedly or immoder- 
ately ; to giggle ; to chirp mournfully ; used 

of geese : to sound an alarm. 
Gaibloch, «. a morsel ; a fragment. 
Gaiby, n. a gaby ; a stupid person. 
Gaid, v. pret. went. 
Gaig, n. a rent or crack in the hand caused 

by dry weather; a crack in wood. — v. to 

crack from dryness. Cf. Gag. 
Gail, ». a gable. Cf. Gavel. 
Gail, v. to tingle, smart with cold or pain ; to 

crack, split open with heat or frost ; to break 

into chinks ; used of the skin : to chap. — 

k. a crack, fissure ; a chink, split in wood. 

Cf. Gell. 
Gail, v. to pierce, as with a loud, shrill noise. 
Gailies, adv. tolerably, fairly well. Cf. Gayly. 
Gailins, adv. 'gailies.' 
Gaily, adj. in good health and spirits, very 

well.— -adv. tolerably, moderately. 
Gain, adj. used of a road or direction : near, 

straight, direct. — adv. nearly, almost; toler- 
ably, pretty. 
Gain, v. to fit ; to suffice ; to suit, correspond 

to shape or size. 
Gain,///, going. 
Gain, prep, used of time : before. — conj. until ; 

if. Cf. Gaen, Gin. 
Gainage, n. the implements of husbandry ; 

land held by base tenure by sockmen or 

villani. 
Gain-coming, n. return. 
Gainder, v. to look foolish ; to stretch the neck 

like a gander. — n. a gander. Cf. Gainter. 
Gainer, «. a gander. 
Gainer, n. a winner at marbles. 
Gainful, adj. profitable, lucrative. 
Gain-gear, n. the ' going ' or moving machinery 

of a mill, &c. ; persons going to wreck. 
Gaingo, n. human ordure. 
Gainly, adj. proper, becoming, decent. Cf. 

Ganelie. 
Gainstand, v. to withstand, resist, oppose. 
Gainter, v. to use conceited airs and postures. 

Cf. Gainder. 
Gainterer, n. one who puts on conceited airs. 
Gair, «. a strip or patch of green on a hillside ; 

a triangular strip of cloth, used as a 'gore 1 

or gusset ; a strip of cloth ; anything like a 

strip or streak; a crease. — v. to dirty; to 

become streaked ; to crease ; to become 

creased. Cf. Gore. 
Gair, adj. greedy, rapacious, intent on gain ; 

thrifty, provident ; niggard, parsimonious. 

— adv. niggardly ; greedily. — «. covetous- 

ness, greed. 
Gair-carlin, ». the mother-witch ; a witch ; 

a hobgoblin; a scarecrow. Cf. Gyre-carlin. 



Gair'd : 

Gair'd, ///. ad/, used of a cow : brindled, 
streaked ; ' flecked. ' 

Gairdy, «. the arm. (X Gardie. 

Gairfish, n. the porpoise. 

Gair-gathered, adj. ill-got. 

Gair-gaun, adj. rapacious, greedy. 

Gairie, «. a striped or streaked cow ; the 
black and yellow striped wild bee ; the 
name of a streaked cow. Cf. Kaery. 

Gairies, n. vagaries, whims. 

Gairly, adv. greedily. — adj. rapacious. 

Gairn, ». a garden. 

Gairner, «. a gardener. 

Gairner's-gertans, «. the ribbon-grass. 

Gairook, «. the black and yellow striped wild 
bee. 

Gairsy, adj. plump, 'gaucy.' Cf. Gawsy. 

Gairten, n. a garter. Cf. Garten. 

Gairun, n. a sea-trout. Cf. Gerron. 

Gairy, adj. variegated ; streaked with different 
colours. 

Gairy, «. a steep hill or precipice ; moorland ; 
a piece of waste land. 

Gairy-bee, «. a. 'gairock' or 'gairie. ' 

Gairy-faoe, «. a piece of waste land, a ' gairy. ' 

Gaishen, Gaiskou, «. a skeleton, an emaciated 
person ; a hobgoblin ; anything regarded as 
an obstacle in one's way. 

Gaislin, «. a gosling ; a fool : a term of dis- 
paragement to a child. 

Gaist, it. a ghost ; a term of contempt. 

Gaist ooal, «. a coal which, when it is burned, 
becomes white. 

Gait, n. pace, motion ; rate of walking. 

Gait, v. a goat. 

Gait, v. to set up sheaves on end or singly 
to dry. 

Gait, Gaite, n. a way ; a fashion ; a distance. 
— v. to make one's way. Cf. Gate. 

Gait-berry, n. a blackberry. 

Gaited, ppl. adj. paced, walking. 

Gaiten, Gaitin', «. the setting up of sheaves 
to dry ; a single sheaf set up to dry. 

Gaiter-berry, n. a blackberry. 

Gaitet, ///. adj. used of a horse : broken in, 
accustomed to the road. 

Gaither, v. to gather ; to meet together ; 
to grow rich; to save money; in butter - 
making: to collect or form during churning ; 
to collect corn enough in the harvest-field 
to make a sheaf ; to collect money ; to pick 
up anything ; to raise from, the ground ; of 
a ' rig ' : to plough a ridge so as to throw 
the soil towards the middle. 

Gaithered, Gaithert, ///. adj. rich, well-to- 
do, said of one who has saved money. 

Gaithered gear, «. savings, hoard of money 
amassed. 

Gaitherer, it. one who collects corn for bind- 
ing into sheaves ; a gleaner. 



i Gallan-nail 

Gaithering, it. a crowd ; a company ; saving, 

frugality ; in //. amassed wealth, money 

saved. 
Gaithering-bell, n. a tocsin ; a bell summon- 
ing citizens to a town meeting. 
Gaithering-coal, -peat, -turf, n. a large piece 

of coal, peat, or turf put on a fire at night 

to keep it alive till morning. 
Gaithering -peat, «. a fiery peat sent by 

Borderers to alarm a district in time of 

threatening danger. 
Gaitlin, n. a little child, brat ; the young of 

animals ; in //. boys of the first year at 

Edinburgh High School and Edinburgh 

Academy. 
Gaitlins, adv. towards, in the direction of. 
Gaitsman, «. one employed in making pas- 
sages in a coal-mine. 
Gaitwards, adv. in the direction of, towards. 
Gaivel, v. to stare wildly ; used of a horse : 

to toss the head up ami down. 
Gaivle, n. the hind parts, posteriors ; a gable. 

Cf. Gavel. 
Gaivle-end, n. the posteriors. 
Gaizen, adj. used of a wooden tub, barrel, 

&c. : warped, leaking from drought; thirsty. 

■ — v. to warp, leak from drought ; to parch, 

shrivel ; to dry up, fade. Cf. Gizzen. 
Gakie, tt. the shell, Venus mercenaria. 
Galant, v. to play the gallant. Cf. Gallant. 
tGalash, a. to mend a shoe by a band round 

the upper leather. 
Galashoes, «. overshoes. 
Galasses, «. braces. Cf. Gallowses. 
Galatians, ». a boys' Christmas mumming 

play. Cf. Goloshin. 
Galavant, v. to gad about ; to philander. 

Cf. Gallivant. 
Galavanting, n. love-making. 
Galdragon, «. a sorceress, sibyl. 
Galdroch, n. a greedy, long-necked, unshapely 

person. 
Gale, «. an afflatus, an uplifting of the spirit. 
Gale, a. a gable. Cf. Gavel. 
Gale, /;. used of geese : a flock. 
Gale, v. to tingle ; to ache. Cf. Gell. 
Gall, tt. a disease of the gall among sheep and 

cattle ; spite ; a grudge. 
Gall, n. a crease, a wrinkle in cloth ; a layer 

of a different kind of soil from the rest in 

a field ; a wet, spongy, unfertile spot in a 

field. 
Gall, Gall-bush, «. the bog-myrtle. 
Gall, Gall-flower, n. a beautiful growth on 

roses, briars, &c, resembling crimson moss. 
Gallaeher, n. an earwig. Cf. Golach. 
Galla-glass, n. an armour-bearer. 
Galland, «, a young fellow. Cf. Callant. 
Gallan-nail, n. one of the bolts which attach 

a cart to the axle. 



Gallant 2 

Gallant, v. to play the gallant or cavalier by 
escorting a woman in public ; to flirt ; to 
go about idly and lightly in the company 
of men, to 'gallivant.' — n. a woman who 
goes about in the company of men. — adj. 
large ; improperly familiar ; jolly. 

Gallanter, n. a man or woman who goes much 
in the company of the other sex. 

Gallanting, ppl. adj. gay, roving with men or 
women. 

Gallantish, adj. fond of going about with men. 

Gallan-whale, «. a sort of large whale fre- 
quenting the Lewis. 

Gallasches, n. overshoes. Cf. Galashoes. 

Gallayniel, «• a big, gluttonous, ruthless 
man. 

Gallehooing, ». a stupefying, senseless noise. 

Gallet, n. a term of endearment, 'darling.' 

Galley, n. a. leech. 

tGalliard, adj. gay, gallant ; brisk, cheerful, 
lively. — n. a gay, lively youth ; a dissipated 
character ; a quick, lively dance. 

Galliardness, n. gaiety. 

Gallion, n. a lean horse. 

Gallivant, v. to jaunt, go about idly or for 
pleasure, show, &c. ; to philander, act the 
gallant to ; to make love to ; to ' keep 
company ' with. 

Gallivanter, n. an incurable flirt ; a gas- 
conader. 

Gallivaster, n. a tall, gasconading fellow. 

Galloglach, n. an armour ; bearer. 

Gallon, n. a Scots gallon, equalling nearly 
three imperial gallons. 

Gallon-tree, n. a cask holding liquor. 

Galloper, n. field-piece used for rapid motion 
against an enemy in the field. 

Galloway-dyke, n. a wall built firmly at the 
bottom, but no thicker at the top than the 
length of the single stones, loosely piled 
the one above the other. 

Galloway-whin, n. the moor or moss whin, 
Genista anglica. 

Gallowglass, n. an armour-bearer. 

Gallow-ley, n. a field on which the gallows 
was erected. 

Gallows, n. an elevated station for a view ; 
three beams erected in triangular form, for 
weighing ; braces. — adj. depraved, rascally. 

Gallowses, n. braces, suspenders for trousers ; 
leather belts formerly used as springs for 
carriages. 

Gallows-face, u. a rascal. 

Gallows-faced, adj. having the look of a 
blackguard, 'hang-dog.' 

Gallows-foot, n. the space immediately in 
front of the gallows. 

Gallows-tree, n. the gallows. 

Gall-wood, 11. wormwood. 

Gaily-fish, n. the char. Cf. Gallytfough. 



2 Garni 

Gally-gander, n. a fight with knives. Cf. 
Gully-gander. 

Gallyie, v. to roar, brawl, scold. — n. a roar, a 
cry of displeasure. 

Gallytrough, n. the char. 

Gaines, n. compensation for accident at-death, 
paid by the person who occasioned it. 

tGalope, v. to belch. 

fGalopin, re. an inferior servant in a great 
house. 

Galore, n. abundance. — adv. abundantly. 

Galpin, «. a lad, a gamin, 'city-arab.' 

Galravitch, -vidge, -vich, -vish, v. to raise an 
uproar ; to gad about ; to romp ; to live or 
feast riotously ; to lead a wild life. — n. up- 
roar, noise, a romp, riot ; a drinking-bout. 
Cf. Gilravage. 

Galravitching, n. riotous feasting ; noisy, 
romping merry-making. 

Galrevitch, v. to 'galravitch.' 

Galshochs, n. indigestible articles, unsuitable 
foods ; kickshaws. 

Galsoch, adj. fond of good eating. 

Gait, n. a sow when castrated or spayed. 

Galy, n. a quick dance, a 'galliard,' 

tGalyard, Galyeard, adj. gay, brisk. Cf. 
Galliard. 

Galyie, v. to roar, bellow. Cf. Gallyie. 

Gam, re. a tooth ; a gum, lip, mouth. — adj. 
used of teeth : irregular, overlapping, twisted. 
— v. used of teeth : to grow in crooked and 
overlapping. 

Gamaleerie, Gamareerie, adj. foolish ; big- 
boned, lean, long-necked and awkward ; 
grisly in appearance. — n. a foolish, clumsy 
person. 

fGamashes, Gamashins, Gamashons, n. leg- 
gings, gaiters. 

Gamawow, re. a fool. 

Gamb, n. a tooth ; anything overlapping. 
Cf. Gam. 

f Gambade, v, to prance, strut, march jauntily. 

Gambadoes, n. leather leggings for use on 
horseback. 

Game, n. a trick, knack, dodge ; courage, 
pluck. — adj. plucky. 

Game, adj. lame, deformed. 

Game-fee, n. a fine formerly imposed by 
church courts for immorality. Cf. Buttock- 
mail. 

Game-hawk, n. the peregrine falcon. 

Game-leg, n. a deformed leg, a leg with a 
club-foot. 

Gameral, n. a fool, a stupid fellow. Cf. 
Gomeril. 

Gamf, v. to gape ; to gulp, devour, eat 
greedily ; to snatch like a dog. — n. the act 
of 'gamfing.' 

Gamf, v. to be foolishly merry ; to mock, 
mimic. — /;. a buffoon. Cf. Gamp. 



Gamfle 



203 



Gangyls 



Gamfle, v. to trifle, idle, neglect work ; to 
spend time in idle talk or dalliance. 

Gamfrell, Gamfrel, re. a fool; a forward, 
presumptuous person. 

Gamie, re. a familiar term for a gamekeeper. 

tGammawshins, re. leggings. Cf. Gamashes. 

Gammel, v. to gamble. 

Gammereerie, adj. foolish. Cf. Gamaleerie. 

Gammerstel, re. a foolish, gawky girl. 

fGammon, Gammond, Gammont, re. the leg 
or the thigh of a person ; in pi. the feet of 
an animal ; pettitoes. 

Gammul, v. to gobble up. 

Gamon, re. a leg, a thigh. Cf. Gammon. 

Gamp, v. to be foolishly merry ; to laugh 
loudly ; to mimic, mock. — re. an idle, 
meddling person ; a buffoon ; an empty- 
headed, noisy fellow. — adj. sportive, play- 
ful. 

Gamp, Gamph, v. to gape ; to devour 
greedily ; to snatch like a dog. Cf. Gamf. 

Gamphered, ppl. adj. used of embroidery : 
flowery, bespangled. 

Gamphil, v. to sport ; to flirt ; to run after 
girls. Cf. Gamfle. 

Gamphrell, //. a. fool ; a. forward fellow. Cf. 
Gamfrell. 

Gamrel, re. a fool. Cf. Gomeril. 

Gam-teetht, adj. having twisted or overlap- 
ping teeth. 

Gam-tooth, re. an overlapping tooth. 

Gan, re. the mouth, throat ; in pi. the gums, 
toothless jaws. Cf. Ganne. 

Gan, re. the gannet. 

Gan, v. pret. began. 

Ganch, v. to snap with the teeth ; to snarl, 
bite ; to gnash the teeth ; to stammer ; to 
be very ugly. — re. a wide gape ; the snap- 
ping of a dog. 

Gandays, re. the last fortnight of winter and 
the first fortnight of spring. Cf. Gaundays. 

Gander, re. a stupid person, a, 'goose.' Cf. 
Gainder, Gainter. 

Gandiegow, n. a stroke, punishment ; a. non- 
sensical trick, a prank. 

Gandier, re. a braggart. 

Gandy, v. to talk foolishly ; to brag ; to 
chatter pertly. — re. a brag, a vain boast ; 
pert, foolish talk ; a pert talker. 

Gandying, re. foolish, boasting talk ; pertness. 

Gane, ppl. gone. 

Gane, v. to suffice ; to suit, fit. Cf. Gain. 

Gane, conj. if ; before. Cf. Gin, Gaen. 

Gane, adj. near, short ; convenient ; active, 
expert. Cf. Gain. 

Ganelie, adj. proper; seemly ; decent. 

Gang, re. gait, style of walking ; pace ; a 
journey ; a road, path ; a drill, furrow ; 
the channel of a stream ; a cattle-walk for 
grazing ; the right of pasture ; a freight of 



inter- 



to 



water from a well ; as much as can be 
carried or carted at a time ; a family, band, 
retinue ; a company ; a flock ; a row of 
stitches in knitting ; a set of horse-shoes. 

Gang, v. to go ; to walk ; to die. Cf. Gae. 

Gangable, adj. passable, fit for travelling ; 
tolerable ; used of money : current. 

Gang aboot, re. a travelling hawker. 

Gang an 5 , v. to waste. 

Gang agley, v. to go astray. 

Gang-atween, re. a go-between ; an 
cessor. 

Gang awa', v. to faint. 

Gang-by, re. a go-by ; escape, evasion. 

Gange, v. to prate tediously ; with tip, 
chat pertly. 

Ganger, re. a walker, pedestrian ; a shop- 
walker ; a fast-going horse. 

Ganger, re. an overseer or foreman of a gang 
of workers. 

Ganger, v. to become gangrenous. 

Gangeral, Gangerel, Gangeril, re. and adj. 
vagrant. Cf. Gangrel. 

Gangery, re. finery. 

Ganging, re. the furniture of a mill which the 
tenant must uphold. 

Ganging, ppl. adj. going ; active ; stirring. 

Ganging-body, re. a tramp, beggar. 

Ganging-gate, re. a field-path ; a footpath in 
contrast to a roadway for carts, &c. 

Ganging-graith, re. the ' ganging ' of a mill. 

Ganging-gudeB, re. movable goods. 

Ganging-man, re. a male tramp or beggar. 

Ganging-plea, re. a hereditary or permanent 
lawsuit. 

Gangings-on, re. ongoings, behaviour. 

Ganging-water, re. something laid past for 
future needs, a ' nest-egg.' 

Ganglin, adj. straggling ; of awkward tallness. 

Gang on, v. to behave. 

Gang ower, v. to transcend. 

Gangrel, Gangril, re. a vagrant, tramp ; a 
child beginning to walk, an unsteady 
walker ; in pi. furniture, movables. — adj. 
creeping ; walking with short steps ; vaga- 
bond, itinerant, vagrant, strolling ; applied 
to creeping vermin. 
I Gangrill-gype, re. a spoiled child. 
1 Gangs, re. spring-shears for clipping sheep or 
grass borders in gardens. 

Gang-there-out, adj. wandering, vagrant. 

Gang throw, v. to waste ; to bungle. 

Gang together, v. to be married. 

Gangway, re. a field-path, a footpath in con- 
trast to a roadway. 

Gang wi', v. to go to ruin, break down ; to 
waste. 

Gangyls, re. in phr. to 'be a' guts and 
gangyls,' to be fit for nothing but eating 
and walking. 



Ganien 



204 



Garter 



Ganien, n. foolish boasting. Cf. Gandying. 

Gank, n. an unlooked-for trouble. 

Ganna, ppl. going to. 

Ganne, n. the mouth, throat ; in pi. the jaws 
without the teeth. Cf. Gan. 

Gannyie, v. to talk foolishly. Cf. Gandy. 

tGansald, n. a severe rebuke. Cf. Gansel. 

Gansch, v. to snatch with open jaws ; to 
snarl. — n. a gape, a dog's snatch. Cf. 
Ganch. 

tGansel, Gansell, n. a garlic sauce for goose ; 
an insolent retort, something spicy, snap- 
pish, or disagreeable in speech. — v. to 
scold, upbraid ; to bandy testy language ; 
to gabble. 

Gansey, Gauzy, n. a seaman's jersey. 

Gansh, v. to snap at anything, to ' gansch.' — 
n. a snap with the teeth. Cf. Ganch. 

tGanshel, v. to scold ; to bandy words. Cf. 
Gansel. 

Gant, v. to yawn, gape ; to stutter. — n. a 
yawn ; a stutter. 

Gant-at-the-door, «. an indolent lout. 

Gantress, n. a wooden stand for barrels. — v. 
to set barrels on a ' gantress.' 

Gap, v. to gape; to stare with open mouth. 
Cf. Gaup, Gowp. 

Gape, n. a gap. — v. in phr. to 'gape one's 
gab, ' to open wide one s mouth. 

Gape-shot, adj. open-mouthed. 

Gappock, n. a gobbet ; a morsel ; a bit of 
anything. Cf. Gabbock. 

Gapus, n. a fool ; one noisily foolish. — adj. 
noisily foolish ; stupid. Cf. Gaupus. 

Gar, v. to make, cause ; to induce, compel. — 
adj. compulsory, forced. 

Garavitch, v. to live riotously. Cf. Galra- 
vitch. 

Garb, n. a young bird; a young child. Cf. 
Gorb. 

Garbals, n. in phr. 'guts and garbals,' 
entrails. 

Garbel, «. a young unfledged bird. Cf. 
Gorbal. 

tGarbel, Garboil, Garbulle, n. a broil, up- 
roar, brawl. — v. to make a brawling, 
scolding noise. 

fGardeloo, n. a warning cry when household 
slops were thrown from a window to the 
street. Cf. Gardyloo. 

Garden, v. to plant in a garden. 

Gardener's-gartens, -garters, n. the ribbon- 
grass. 

tGarderobe, Gardrop, n. a wardrobe. 

tGardevin, n. a big-bellied bottle ; a square 
bottle ; a bottle holding two quarts ; a 
whisky-jar ; a case or closet for holding 
wine-bottles, decanters, &c. ; a cellaret. 

Gardie, Gardy, n. the arm. 

Gardin, «. a large chamber-pot. Cf. Jordan. 



Gardy-bane, n. the bone of the arm. 

Gardy-ohair, n. an arm-chair. 

tGardyloo, n. a warning cry about dirty 

water thrown from windows on to the 

streets. 
Gardy-moggans, n. long sleeves or 'mog- 

gans ' for covering the arms. 
Gardy-pick, n. an expression of great disgust. 
Gare, adj. keen, eager, ready ; rapacious ; 

parsimonious ; intent on making money ; 

active in managing a household. Cf. 

Gair. 
Gare, n. a triangular strip of cloth used as a 

gusset ; a strip or streak ; a crease.— v. to 

become streaked ; to dirty ; to crease. Cf. 

Gair. 
Gare, Gare-fowl, n. the great auk. 
Gare-gaun, adj. rapacious, greedy. 
Garg, v. to creak. — n. a creaking sound. Cf. 

J ir S- . , . 

Gargrugous, adj. austere in person and in 

manners. 
Garlands, n. straw ropes put round the head 

of a stack. 
Gar-ma-true, n. a hypocrite ; a make-believe. 
Garmunshoch, adj. ill-humoured, crabbed. 
Garnel, n. a granary, corn-chest. Cf. Girnel. 
Garnet, n. the gurnard. Cf. Girnot. 
Garr, n. mud ; rheum. Cf. Gaar. 
Garraivery, n. folly, frolicsome rioting, revel- 
ling ; loud uproar. 
Garrard, 11. a hoop, a ' gird ' ; in phr. ' ca 

the garrard,' keep the talk going. 
Garravadge, v. to make an uproar, &c. Cf. 

Galravitch. 
Garret, n. the head ; the skull. 
Garrochan, n. a kind of oval shellfish, three 

inches long, found in the Firth of Clyde. 
Garron, Garran, n. an inferior kind of horse, 

small, and used for rough work ; an old, stiff 

horse ; a thickset animal ; a stout, thickset 

person. 
Garron, n. a large nail, a spike-nail. 
Garry-bag, n. the abdomen of unfledged 

birds. 
Garse, n. grass. 
Garsummer, n. gossamer. 
Gart, v. pret. and ppl. made, compelled. Cf. 

Gar. 
Garten, Gartan, Gartane, Garton, n. a 

garter. — v. to bind with a garter. 
Garten-berries, //. blackberries, bramble- 
berries. 
Garten-leem, n. a portable loom for weaving 

garters. 
Garten-man, n. one who does the swindling 

trick of 'prick-the-garter.' 
Garten-pricker, n. a 'garten-man.' 
Garter, n. the game of 'prick-the-garter,' a 

form of ' fast-and-loose.' 



Garth 



205 



Gaulf 



Garth, n. a house and the land attached to it ; 
an enclosure for catching salmon ; a shallow 
part or stretch of shingle on a river, which 
may be used as a ford. 

Garvie, Garvock, n. the sprat. 

Garwhoungle, n. the noise of the bittern in 
rising from the bog ; the clash of tongues. 

Gascromh, n. a trenching spade of semicircular 
form, with a crooked handle fixed in the 
middle. 

Gash, k. a chin ; a projection of the under- 
jaw. — adj. used of the chin : projecting. — 
v. to project the under-jaw ; to distort the 
mouth in contempt. 

Gash, ». talk, prattle ; loquacity ; pert lan- 
guage ; insolence. — adj. talkative; affable, 
lively ; wise, sagacious ; shrewd ; witty, 
sharp; trim, neatly dressed; well-prepared; 
used of the weather : bright, pleasant. — v. 
to talk freely ; to converse, chatter. 

Gash, adj. grim, dismal, ghastly. — adv. dis- 
mally. 

Gash-beard, n. a person with a long, protrud- 
ing chin ; one with a long, peaked beard. 

Gash-gabbit, adj. having a long, protruding 
chin ; having a distorted mouth ; loquacious ; 
shrewd in talk. 

Gashin, ppl. adj. having a projecting chin. 

Gashin, ppl. adj. chattering ; insolent in 
speech ; talking. 

Gashle, v. to distort, writhe ; to argue fiercely 
or sharply. 

Gashlin, n. a noisy, bitter argument, —ppl. 
adj. wry. 

Gashly, adv. shrewdly, wittily, smartly. 

Gash-moo't, adj. having a distorted mouth. 

Gashy, adj. wide, gaping, deeply gashed. 

Gashy, adj. talkative, lively ; stately, hand- 
some, well-furnished. 

tGaskin, n. a rough, green gooseberry, origin- 
ally from Gascony. 

Gasoliery, n. a chandelier. 

Gasping,///, adj. feeble, fainting, expiring. 

Gast, n. a fright, a scare. — adj. frightened, 
terrible. 

Gast, 11. a gust of wind. 

Gaste, n. a term of contempt. 

Gastly-thoughted, adj. frightened at, or 
thinking of, ghosts. 

Gastrel, n. the kestrel. 

Gastrous, adj. monstrous. 

Gastrously, adv. monstrously. 

Gat, v. pret. got. 

Gate, n. a way ; route ; distance ; a street, 
thoroughfare ; a journey. 

Gate, n. a method ; fashion ; knack ; habit, 
trick. Cf. Gait. 

Gate, n. a goat. Cf. Gait. 

Gate, n. a sheaf set on end singly to dry. Cf. 
Gait. 



Gate-end, n. a road-end ; quarters, place of 

abode ; a neighbourhood. 
Gate-farren, adj. comely ; of respectable 

appearance. 
Gateless, adj. pathless. 
Gatelins, adv. directly, in the way towards. 
Gate-slap, n. an opening in a wall, hedge, 

&c. , for a gateway. 
Gateward, Gatewards, adv. straight, directly. 
Gather, v. used of butter : to form or collect 

in the churn. Cf. Gaither. 
Gatheraway, n. a travelling rag-and-bone- 
man. 
Gathering, n. a collection of pus under the 

skin. 
Gatten, ppl. 'gotten,' got. 
Gatty, adj. enervated ; gouty. 
Gaubertie- shells, n. a hobgoblin supposed 

to combine loud roaring with barking like 

little dogs, and the sound of shells striking 

against each other. 
Gauciness, n. stateliness. 
Gaucy, adj. plump, jolly ; large ; portly, 

stately ; well - prepared ; comfortable, 

pleasant. 
Gauoy-gay, adj. fine, handsome, gay. 
Gaud, Gaude, n. a prank ; a habit, custom ; 

a toy, plaything ; an ornament ; in pi. 

pomps. — v. to make a showy or gaudy 

appearance. 
Gaud, n. a rod ; a goad ; a rind of board, 

about nine feet long, used on a calm day to 

lay the corn slightly before the man who 

cuts it. Cf. Gad. 
Gaude'-day, n. a festive day. 
Gaudering, n. finery, tawdriness. 
Gaudery, n. 'gaudering.' 
Gaud-flook, n. the saury pike. 
Gaudnie, n. a semi-aquatic bird, ? the water- 
ouzel. 
Gaudsman, n. a ploughman, as using the 

' gaud ' or goad. Cf. Gadman. 
Gaudy, adj. tricky ; mischievous. 
Gauff, v. to laugh loudly. Cf. Gaff. 
Gauflin, adj. light-headed ; foolish, giddy ; 

thoughtless. Cf. Gaff. 
Gaufnook, «. the saury pike. Cf. Gaud-flook. 
Gauge, k. a search, scrutiny. Cf. Gadge. 
Gauger, n. one who is ever looking after his 

own interests. 
Gaugnet, «. the sea-needle or needle-fish. 
Gauk, v. used of young women : to behave 

foolishly or lightly with men. 
Gaukie, n. a foolish, forward, vain woman ; 

a foolish person. — v. to play the fool, to 
'gauk' with men. — adj. giddy, foolish. 
Gaukit, adj. foolish, giddy, awkward. 
Gaul, n. bog-myrtle ; Dutch myrtle. 
Gaulf, n. a horse-laugh. — v. to laugh loudly. 

Cf. Gaff. 



Gaulp 



206 



Gazzard 



Gaulp, v. to gape, yawn ; to stare. Cf. 

Gaup. 
Gaum, v. to acknowledge by curtsy. Cf. 

Goam. 
Gaumeril, Gaumeral, ;;. a stupid fellow ; a 

dunce. Cf. Gomeril. 
Gaump, v. to be foolishly merry. Cf. Gamp. 
Gaump, v. to sup greedily, as if likely to 

swallow the spoon. Cf. Gamf. 
Gaun, v. to go. — ppl. adj. going. — re. lapse. 
Gaun, Gaund, re. the butter-bur. 
Gaun-a-du, re. a resolution never acted on. 
Gaunch, v. to snap as a dog, snarl. Cf. 

Ganch. 
Gaun-days, re. the last fortnight of January 

and the first of February. 
Gauner, v. to bark ; to scold loudly. — re. a 

barking ; a fit of scolding. 
Gaunge, v. to boast, exaggerate ; to fib ; to 

talk pertly, chatter. — re. boasting, brag ; 

pert, silly talk. Cf. Gange. 
Gaunna, Gauna, ppl. going to. 
Gaunt, v. to gape, yawn. — re. a yawn. Cf. 

Gant. 
Gaun-to-dee, n. a state near death. 
Gauntrees, n. a wooden stand for barrels. — v. 

to set on a wooden frame. Cf. Gantress. 
Gaup, v. to gape, yawn ; to open the mouth 

widely ; to gaze vacantly or with open 

mouth ; to swallow greedily, gulp. — «. a 

vacant, staring person ; a stupid, vacant 

stare ; a wide, open mouth ; a large mouth- 
ful ; chatter. Cf. Goup. 
Gaup-a-liftie, re. one who carries his head 

high. 
Gaupish, adj. inclined to yawn. 
Gaupus, re. a vacant, staring person ; a booby, 

blockhead. Cf. Gapus. 
Gaupy, n. * 'gaupus.' — adj. gaping. 
Gaur, v. to make ; to compel. Cf. Gar. 
Gaur, v. to scratch ; to seam or cut into ; to 

'gore.' — re. a seam, scratch, a cut made by 

a sharp point drawn over a smooth surface. 
Gausy, adj. big, jolly. Cf. Gaucie. 
Gaut, re. a boar-pig ; a gelded boar ; a sow. 
Gautseam, Gautsame, re. hog's-lard. 
Gavall, Gavawll, v. to revel, live riotously. 
Gavalling, n. revelling, riotousness ; a feast, 

a merry-making. 
Gavel, re. a gable ; the gable-end of a building. 
Gavelag, Gavelock, re. an earwig ; an insect 

like an earwig but longer. . 
Gavelock, re. an iron crowbar, a lever. 
Gavel-winnock, n. a gable-window. 
Gavil, Gavel, re. a railing, a hand-rail. 
Gaw, re. a channel or furrow for drawing off 

water ; a hollow with water-springs in it. 
Gaw, re. in phr. 'gaw o' the pot,' the first 

runnings of a still. 
Gaw, re. a gall-nut. 



Gaw, re. a habit, a trick. 
Gaw, v. to gall ; to rub ; to irritate ; to chafe ; 
to become pettish. — re. a sore place or 

abrasion of the skin ; a crease or wrinkle 

in cloth ; a layer of different soil from the 

rest in a field. 
Gaw, re. the gall ; a disease of the gall among 

sheep and cattle ; bitterness, malice, spite. 
Gawan, re. a daisy, a ' gowan. ' 
Gawd, «. a goad. Cf. Gad. 
Gawd, re. a toy, plaything ; a trick, habit. 

Cf. Gaud. 
Gawdnie, re. the yellow gurnard. Cf. 

Gaudnie. 
Gawe, v. to go about staring. Cf. Goave. 
Gawf, v. to laugh boisterously. Cf. Gaff. 
Gaw-fur, re. a furrow for draining off water. 
Gaw-haw, v. to talk loudly. 
Gawk, Gawkie, v. used of young women : to 

behave forwardly. — re. a foolish, forward 

woman. Cf. Gauk. 
Gawk, n. a fool ; a lout. 
Gawkie, v. to stroll about. 
Gawkie, n. the horse-cockle shell. 
Gawkiness, re. clownishness. 
Gawkit, adj. stupid ; awkward. 
Gawkitness, n. stupidity, lack of sense. 
Gawky, adj. clownish ; stupid. — re. a lout, 

bumpkin ; a fool, simpleton. 
Gawless, adj. without gall or bitterness ; 

harmless ; innocent. 
Gawlin, re. a fowl less than a duck, regarded 

as a prognosticator of fair weather. 
Gawmfert, ppl. adj. flowery ; bespangled. 

Cf. Gampher'd. 
Gawmp, v. to mock. Cf. Gamp. 
Ga.wn,ppl. going. 

Gawntress, re. a stand for barrels. Cf. Gaun- 
trees. 
Gawp, v. to gape, to yawn ; to swallow up 

greedily. — re. a large mouthful. Cf. Gaup. 
Gawrie, re. the red gurnard. 
Gawries, re. vagaries, whims. Cf. Gairies. 
Gawsie, Gawsy, adj. plump ; portly ; jolly ; 

large. Cf. Gaucy. 
Gay, Gayan, adv. pretty much, middling. 
Gay-carlin, n. the mother-witch. Cf. Gyre- 

carlin. 
Gaye, adj. considerable ; tolerable. — adv. 

very ; rather. Cf. Gey, Gay. 
Gaylies, Gayly, adj. in fair health.— adv. 

pretty well. 
Gaynoch, adj. gluttonous ; avaricious. Cf. 

Geenyoch. 
Gayt, n. a child ; a brat. Cf. Gett. 
Gaze, n. a sight, spectacle. 
Gazen, adj. leaky from shrinkage in drought ; 

thirsty ; dry.— v. to warp ; to leak from 

drought. Cf. Gizzen. 
Gazzard, re, talk, gossip. 



Geal 



207 



Gehr 



tGeal, v. to freeze ; to congeal, as jelly. — n. 
extreme cold, ice ; jelly. 

Geal-caul, adj. cold as ice. 

tGean, n. the wild cherry ; its fruit. 

Gear, ». dress, garb ; accoutrements ; a 
sword, weapon, &c. ; harness ; apparatus 
of all kinds ; household goods ; property, 
money, wealth, cattle ; stuff, material ; fare, 
food ; spirits ; trash, rubbish, doggerel ; 
an affair, matter of business ; ' goings on' ; 
the smallest quantity, atom ; in pi. the 
twisted threads through which the warp 
runs in the loom; a set of 'shear-legs.' — 
v. to harness a horse. 

Gear-carlin, n. a witch, hobgoblin ; an evil 
spirit. Cf. Gyre-carlin. 

Gear-gatherer, n. a money-making man ; 
one prosperous in business. 

Gear-grasping, adj. money-grabbing, avari- 
cious. 

Gearing, n. dress ; fishing-tackle. 

Gearless, adj. moneyless ; without property. 

Gear nor gweed, phr. neither one thing nor 
another. 

Gear-pock, n. purse ; money-bag. 

Geat, n. a way, street. Cf. Gate. 

Geat, n. a. child, a brat. Cf. Gett. 

Geave, v. to stare, gape ; to look in an un- 
steady manner. Cf. Goave. 

Gebbie, n. the crop of a fowl ; the stomach. 
Cf. Gabby, Kaebie. 

Geb-shot, adj. having the lower jaw pro- 
jecting beyond the upper. Cf. Gab-shot. 

Geek, v. to mock, deride, scoff at ; to trifle 
with, deceive ; to toss the head in scorn 
or pertness ; to look derisively ; to look 
shyly ; to exult ; to look fondly ; to be 
playful, sportive. — n. scorn, contempt, de- 
rision ; a passing sarcasm, scoff ; a toss of 
the head, a scornful air ; an act of decep- 
tion, a cheat. — phr. ' to geek one's heels,' to 
dog one's heels, pursue. 

Geckin', ppl. adj. pert ; light-headed ; lively, 
sportive. 

Geck-neck, n. a wry neck. 

Geck-neckit, adj. having a wry neck. 

Ged, Gedd, n. the pike ; a greedy or avaricious 
person ; anything under water fastening a 
hook so that it cannot be pulled out. 

Gedder, v. to gather. Cf. Gaither. 

Gedderer, n. a female gatherer in the harvest- 
field. 

Geddery, n. a miscellaneous collection, a 
heterogeneous mass. 

Geddock, n. a small staff or goad. 

Ged-staff, n. a pointed staff. 

Gedwing, n. an ancient -looking person ; an 
antiquary. 

Gee, int. a call to horses to start or move 
faster ; a call to horses to turn to the left ; 



an excl. of surprise. — v. to stir, move, 
change place ; to move aside ; to turn, 
tilt; to swerve from, shirk. — n. a move, 
motion to one side ; a turn. Cf. Jee. 

Gee, u. a fit of ill-temper, sullenness, stub- 
bornness ; a sudden pique, offence ; a 
whim, fit of doing anything ; a knack, 
facility for anything. Cf. Jee. 

Geeble, ». a small quantity of any liquid, 
used contemptuously. — v. to shake a liquid, 
spill, splash. over; to lose, destroy; to 
cook badly ; with on, to use constantly, as 
an article of food. 

Geebliek, n. a very small quantity of liquid. 

Geebloch, n. a quantity of worthless liquid. 

Geed, adj. good. 

Geeg, n. a joke ; a hoax. Cf. Gag. 

Geeg, v. to laugh in a suppressed way, giggle ; 
to quiz, laugh at. — n. fun, frolic ; a gibe. 
Cf. Gig. 

Geegaw, n. a gewgaw, a trifle. 

Geegs, n. the sounding-boards, pegs, and 
wheels in a mill. Cf. Gig. 

+Geel, v. to freeze ; to congeal. — n. jelly ; ice. 
Cf. Geal. 

Geelim, n. a rabbet-plane. 

tGeen, n. the wild cherry. Cf. Gean. 

Geen, ppl. gone. 

Geen, ppl. given. Cf. Gien. 

Geenyoch, Geenoch, adj. gluttonous, vora- 
cious ; avaricious. — n. a covetous, insatiable 
person. 

Geenyochly, adv. gluttonously ; greedily. 

Geenyochness, n. gluttony, covetousness. 

Geer, n. tools, apparatus ; goods ; wealth ; 
stuff. Cf. Gear. 

Geese, 11, a goose ; a large curling-stone. 

Geet, n. a child. Cf. Gett. 

Geetle, v. to spill over. — n. a small quantity. 

Geetsher, n. a grandfather. Cf. Gutcher. 

Geevelor, a. a gaoler. 

Gee-ways, adv. aslant ; obliquely. 

Geezen, v. to shrink from drought; to become 
leaky. Cf. Gizzen. 

Geg, n. an implement for spearing fish, — v. to 
poach fish by a ' geg. ' 

Geg, n. a joke ; a hoax. Cf. Gag. 

Geg, n. a crack in wood ; a chink caused by 
dryness ; a chap in the hands. — v. to chap ; 
break into clefts and chinks through dry- 
ness. Cf. Gaig. 

Geg, ». the article used in the game of 
' smuggle the geg ' ; the holder of the 
article. 

Gegger, n. the under-lip. Cf. Gagger. 

Geggery, n. a deception. 

Gehl-rope, n. the rope that runs along the 
end of a herring-net. 

Gehr, v. to become streaked ; to crease, Cf. 
Gair. 



Geig 



208 



Gerse-cauld 



Geig, re. a net for catching the razor-fish. 

Geik, v. to toss the head. Cf. Geek. 

+Geill, v. to congeal. — n. jelly. Cf. Geal. 

Geing, n. human ordure, dung. Cf. Gaingo. 

Geing, re. any intoxicating liquor. 

Geir, re. accoutrements, dress ; money. Cf. 
Gear. 

Geisan, Geisen, v. to become leaky through 
drought ; to warp. Cf. Gizzen. 

Geit, re. a child. Cf. Gett. 

Geit, adj. mad ; out of one's senses. — re. a 
madman, a stupid fellow ; an idiot. Cf. 
Gyte. 

Geitter, v. to talk much and foolishly ; to 
work awkwardly and triflingly. — re. non- 
sense ; foolish chatter ; a stupid person ; 
ruin. 

Geitteral, re. a very stupid person. 

Geizen, v. to leak ; to warp. Cf. Gizzen. 

Geiz'ning, ppl, growing parched. 

Gekgo, re. a jackdaw ; a magpie. Cf. Jacko. 

Gelaver, v. to talk foolishly ; to gossip. Cf. 
Glaiver. 

Gell, adj. used of animals : barren ; of cows : 
not giving milk. Cf. Yell. 

Gell, re. a gable. Cf. Gavel. 

Gell, u. to sing loudly ; to bawl in singing ; 
to quarrel noisily. — re. a shout, yell; a 
brawl, wrangle ; sport, a frolic ; glee ; a 
' spree ' ; a drinking-bout ; briskness of 
sale. 

Gell, adj. used of the weather : sharp, keen ; 
of persons : sharp, keen in business ; of a 
market : brisk in the sale of goods. 

Gell, v. to thrill with pain, throb, ache ; to 
tingle ; to crack from heat or frost, to 
chap. — re. a crack in wood, a chap. Cf. 
Gail. 

Gell, re. a leech ; a tadpole. Cf. Gill. 

Gell, v. to cheat, fleece, 'gull.' Cf. Gill. 

Gelleck, re. a. crowbar. Cf. Gavelock. 

Gelleck, re. an earwig ; a small beetle like an 
earwig. Cf. Golach. 

Gellie, v. to roar, brawl, scold. — re. a roar. 
Gallyie. 

Gellie, re. a leech ; a tadpole. Cf. Gill. 

Gelloch, re. a shrill cry ; a yell. 

Gelloch, re. a crowbar. Cf. Gavelock. 

Gelloch, Gellock, re. an earwig. Cf. Gelleck. 

Gelly, adj. merry, pleasant ; upright ; 
worthy ; jolly. Cf. Jelly. 

Gelly-flower, re. the gillyflower. Cf. Gilly- 
flower. 

Gelore, re. plenty. Cf. Galore. 

Gelt, re. money. 

Gelt, ad/, barren. Cf. Gell. 

Gemlick, Gemblet, re. a gimlet. 

Gemrn, re. a game. 

Gemmle, re. a long-legged man. 

Gen, int. a word used as a cry of pain. 



Gen, prep, against. — conj. if. Cf. Gin. 

Gend, adj. playful. — adv. playfully. 

Gener, re. a gender in grammar. 

Geng, v. to go. Cf. Gang. 

Genie, Geni, re. genius. 

Genioue, adj. ingenious ; having genius or 
intelligence. 

Genivin, adj. genuine. 

Gennick, adj. genuine, not spurious. 

Gent, re. a very tall, thin person ; anything 
very tall. 

Gent, v. to spend time idly. 

Gentilities, re. gentlefolk ; gentry. 

Gentiness, re. gentility ; genteel manners ; 
daintiness, elegance. 

Gentle, adj. well-born ; gentlemanly. — re. one 
of gentle birth ; inj>/. gentry.—^?-, 'gentle 
and simple,' high and low. 

Gentle-beggars, re. poor relations. 

Gentlemanie, Gentlemanny, adj. belonging 
to a gentleman ; like a gentleman. 

Gentle-persuasion, re. the Episcopal form of 
religion. 

Gentle-woman, re. the name formerly given 
to the housekeeper in a family of distinction. 

Gentrice, re. good birth ; people of gentle 
birth ; honourable disposition, generosity ; 
gentleness. 

fGenty, Gentie, adj. noble ; courteous ; high- 
born ; having good manners ; neat, dainty, 
trim ; tasteful, elegant ; used of dress : well- 
fitting, becoming, 'genteel.' 

Genyough, adj. ravenous. Cf. Geenyoch. 

Geordie, re. a guinea in gold ; a designation 
of a rustic; ? a coarse, cheap roll or 'bap.' 
— phi: 'by the Geordie,' by St George. 

George, u. in phr. ' George's daughter,' a 
musket ; a ' yellow George,' a guinea in 
gold. 

Ger, v. to compel. Cf. Gar. 

Ger, re. an iron hoop ; a top. Cf. Gird. 

Geravich, v. to make an uproar. Cf. Gal- 
ravitch. 

Gerg, v. to make a creaking noise. Cf. Girg, 

Jirg- 
Gerletroch, re. the char. Cf. Gallytrough. 
Gem, re. a boil, tumour. 
Gernis, re. the state of being soaked. Cf. 

Jerniss. 
Gerr, adj. awkward, clumsy. 
Gerrack, re. a coal-fish of the first year. 
Gerran, re. a sea-trout. 
Gerran, Gerron, re. an inferior kind of horse, 

&c. Cf. Garron. 
Gerrit, Gerrat, re. a little salmon. 
Gerrock, re. a layer in a pile that is gradually 

built up. 
Gerse, Gerss, re. grass. — v. to pasture, graze ; 

to eject, cast out of office. 
Gerse-cauld, re. a slight cold affecting horses. 



Gersie 



209 



Gibbet 



Gersie, adj. grassy ; interspersed with grass. 

Gerslouper, n. a grasshopper. 

Gersome, ». a ' grassum. Cf. Grassum. 

Gerss-fouk, n. cottars. 

Gerss-gawed, adj. cut or galled by grass. 

Gerss-house, n. a house possessed by a tenant, 
with no land attached to it. 

Gerss-ill, n. a disease among sheep. 

Gerss-man, ». the tenant of a house without 
land attached to it. 

Gersa-meal, n. the grass that will keep a cow 
for a season. 

Gerss-nail, n. a long piece of hooked iron, 
with one end attached to the scythe-blade 
and the other to its handle. 

Gerss-park, n. a field in grass. 

Gerss-puckle, n. a blade of grass. 

Gerss-strae, n. hay. 

Gerss-tack, n. the lease which a 'gerss-man' 
has of his house. 

Gert, v. pret. made.— ppl. compelled. Cf. 
Gar. 

Gertan, Gertin, n. a garter. Cf. Garten. 

Geshon, n. a skeleton. Cf. Gaishen. 

Gesning, n. the reception of a guest. Cf. 
Guestning. 

Gess, v. to go away clandestinely. 

Gest, re. a joist. — v. to place joists. 

Gester, v. to walk proudly, to make conceited 
gestures. 

Get, v. to beget ; to earn ; to learn by heart ; 
to take ; to find ; to marry ; to be called ; 
to manage ; to manage to reach a place or 
thing ; to cause cream to turn to butter 
by churning ; to receive a blow ; to be 
deceived. — n. the food brought by birds to 
their young ; a catch of fish ; begetting, 
procreation ; offspring ; a contemptuous 
name for a child ; a bastard ; a ' gett,' 
'brat.' 

Get a' by, phr. to finish off. 

Get ahin, v. to fall into arrears. 

Get awa', v. to die. 

Get hands on, phr. to strike, assault. 

Gether, v. to gather. Cf. Gaither. 

Get in ahin, phr. to prove the wiser, or 
cleverer ; to get the better of. 

Get it, v. to be scolded, chastised ; to 
suffer ; to pay for it. 

Get one's bed, phr. used of a woman : to be 
confined. 

Get owre, v. to get the better in a bargain. 

Get roon, v. to master ; to accomplish. 

Gett, n. a child ; a bastard ; in pi. boys attend- 
ing the lowest class, or junior classes, of an 
academy. Cf. Get. 

Gett, re. a way ; a street ; a habit ; a knack. 
Cf. Gate. 

Gettable, adj. attainable. 

Gett-farrant, adj. comely. Cf. Gate-fanen. 

14 



Get the cauld, phr. to catch cold. 
Get the length of, pkr. to go as far as. 
Gettlin, re. a little child ; a brat ; the young 

of animals. 
Gettward, adv. on the way towards. 
Get upon, v. to be struck on. 
Get with, v. to be struck with a missile, &c. 
Geudam, re. a grandmother. Cf. Gudame. 
Gevil, re. a gable. Cf. Gavel. 
Gevil, re. a railing ; a hand-rail. Cf. Gavil. 
Gewgaw, re. a Jew's-harp. 
Gewlick, re. an earwig. Cf. Gelloch, Golach. 
Gewlick, Gewlock, re. an iron lever. Cf. 

Gavelock. 
Gey, adj. 'fast,' wild, 'pretty'; tolerable; 

' a '"ge, g re3 -t> 'g°od,' considerable. — adv. 

very, considerably, ' pretty ' ; indifferently. 
Gey an, Gey and, adv. somewhat, tolerably ; 

considerably, rather. 
Geyl, re. the gable of a house. Cf. Gavel. 
Geylies, Geyly, adv. rather, much. — adj. in 

fair health. 
Geysan, Geysen, Geyze, Geyzen, v. to warp 

from drought ; to parch, wither ; to leak. 

Cf. Gizzen. 
Gezling, re. a gosling ; a fool. 
Ghaist, re. a ghost ; a piece of coal that burns 

white, retaining its shape. 
Ghaist-coal, re. a piece of coal that burns 

white, retaining its shape. 
Ghaist-craft, re. a place haunted by ghosts. 
Ghaist-cramp, re. an injury supposed to be 

owing to a ghostly visitation. 
GhaiBtlin, re. a ghost, used contemptuously. 
Ghaist-rid, adj. ghost-ridden. 
Ghast, adj. frightened. — re. a fright. Cf. Gast. 
Ghoul, re. a ghastly spectacle, terrible object ; 

an envious, grudging, gloomy person. 
Ghoulie, adj. haunted by horrid spectres. 
Giann, re. a giant. 
Gib, re. a tom-cat ; a castrated cat. 
Gib, re. the beak or hooked upper-lip of a 

male salmon. 
Gib, n. toffy, candy ; a sweetmeat made of 

treacle and spices. 
Gibain, re. an oily substance procured from 

the solan goose, used as a sauce for 

porridge. 
Gibb, 11. in phr. 'Rob Gibb's contract,' a 

toast expressive of mere friendship. 
Gibbag, re. a roll of flax prepared for spinning 

on the distaff. 
Gibber, re. nonsense, foolish talk. 
Gibber-gabber, v. to talk idly and confusedly. 
Gibberish, re. a confused mixture ; idle talk. 
Gibbery, n. gingerbread. 
Gibbery-man, -wife, re. a man or woman who 

sells gingerbread. 
Gibbet, n. a chimney crane for suspending a 

pot over a fire. 



Gibbet-gab 

Gibbet-gab, n. a strong double hook for sus- 
pending pots. 
Gibbet-pan, n. the largest pan used in cooking. 
Gibbie-gabble, n. nonsense. — adj. foolish. — 

v. to babble. 
Gibble, n. a small quantity of liquid, &c. Cf. 

Geeble. 
Gibble, n. a tool of any kind ; in pi. articles, 

wares ; odds and ends. 
Gibbie-gabble, n. idle, confused talk, babble. 

— v. to talk loudly or rapidly. 
Gibblet, Giblet, n. any small iron tool. 
Gibby, n. the bent end of a walking-stick. 
Gibby-gabble, n. nonsense. — adj. foolish. Cf. 

Gibbie- Gabble. 
Gibby-stick, n. a stick with a turned handle ; 

a walking-stick. 
Gib-gash, n. a fluent talker about nothing. 
Giblet-eheck, n. a check in a wall to let a 

door fold back close to it. 
Giblich, ». an unfledged crow. 
Gibloan, n. a muddy ' loan ' or miry path, so 

soft as not to admit of walking on it. 
Gibrie, Gibbrie, ». gingerbread. Cf. Gibbery. 
Gidd, n. a pike, a 'ged.' Cf. Ged. 
Giddack, n. the sand-eel. 
Gidder, v. to gather ; to lift and put on one's 

hat or cap. 
Gie, adv. tolerably ; rather. Cf. Gey. 
Gie, v. to pry. 
Gie, v. to give ; to relax, give way ; to thaw ; 

to give a blow. 
Giean, ppl. adj. given to prying. 
Giean, adv. rather. Cf. Geyan. 
Giean-carlins, n. old women of a prying 

nature, supposed to be troublesome at 

Hallowe'en to any one they found alone. 

Cf. Gyre-carlin. 
Gied, v. pret. gave. 
Gied, v. pret. went. 
Gielainger, Gielanger, n. a bad debtor; a 

cheat, swindler. Cf. Gileynour. 
Gi'en, ppl. adj. gratuitous, given as a gift ; 

plighted, pledged; with to, inclined to, 

having a propensity to. 
Gi'en-horse, n. a gift-horse. 
Gi'en-rig, n. a piece of land set apart for the 

devil, the 'gudeman's croft.' 
Gie 's, v. give us. 
Gies 't, v. give us it. 
Giezie, adj. given to prying into matters 

which do not concern one's self. 
Gif, conj. if; whether. 
Giff-gaff, n. reciprocity, mutual services, 

giving and taking ; mutual conversation. — 

v. to exchange in a friendly way ; to bandy 

words ; to converse promiscuously. 
Giff-gaffy, adj. friendly, talkative. 

Gift, n. a contemptuous term for a person 

v. to give as a present, 



210 



Gill-gatherer 



Gig, n. a giddy girl ; a prostitute ; a silly, 

nighty fellow ; a trifier. 
Gig, v. to make a creaking noise. — «. » 

creaking noise. Cf. Jeeg. 
Gig, n. anything that whirls ; an ingenious 

artifice ; a curiosity ; a charm ; a winnow- 

ing-fan ; a jig ; a state of flurry. 
Gig, v. to laugh in a suppressed manner, giggle. 

— n. fun, frolic ; a gibe ; a prank, trick j a 

whim. 
Gig, n. the article held in the game of 

' smuggle-the-gig.' Cf. Geg. 
Gig, v. to trot, to walk briskly ; to jerk. 
Giggery, n. odds and ends, things of little 

value. 
Giggie, adj. brisk, lively, hearty; full of 

tricks. 
Giggle, v. to jog, shake about. — «. a slight 

jerk, shake. 
Giggleby, n. a silly, giggling girl. . 
Giggle-trot, n. in phr. 'to tak' the giggle- 
trot,' said of a woman who marries when 

she is far advanced in life. 
Giggum, n. a trick. 
Giglet, 71. a girl. 
tGigot, 7i. the hind -haunch of a sheep, a leg 

of mutton. 
Gig-trot, n. habit ; jog-trot. 
Gihoe, 7i. a kind of conveyance. 
Gike, 7i. the stalk of Iovage, hemlock, &c, of 

which children make squirts ; keksy. 
Gil, n. a ravine. Cf. Gill. 
Gilainger, n. a swindler. Cf. Gileynour. 
Gilaver, v. to chatter, talk foolishly. — ». idle 

or gossiping talk. Cf. Glaiver. 
Gilbert, n. an ill-shapen piece of dress. 
Gilbow, n. a legacy. Cf. Jillbow. 
Gild, adj. clever, capable ; full-grown, great ; 

loud, light-hearted. — n. clamour, uproar, 

noise, an outburst. — v. to make a clamour 

about ; to pay court to. 
Gildee, «. the whiting pout. 
Gileynour, n. a cheat, swindler, a bad debtor. 
Gilgal, n. a hubbub, confused noise. 
Gilkie, «. a lively young girl, a ' gilpy.' 
Gill, «. the lower-jaw, the flesh under the 

chin or ears ; the mouth, throat. 
Gill, n. a ravine ; a narrow glen with pre- 
cipitous or rocky sides, or wooded and with 
a stream running at the bottom ; a dingle, 
'den'; a mountain stream. 
Gill, n. a leech ; a tadpole. 
Gill, v. to cheat, 'gull.' 
Gill, v. to tipple, drink, tope. 
Gilll-gapous, n. a booby. Cf. Gilly-gaupus. 
Gillem, n. a rabbet-plane. Cf. Geelim. 
Gillet, ». a giddy young woman, a flirt ; a 

young woman approaching puberty. 
Gill-flirt, n. a thoughtless, giddy girl. 
Gill-gatherer, «. a leech-gatherer. 



Gill-ha' 2 

Gill-ha', n. a house that cannot protect 

dwellers from the weather ; a house where 

workmen live in common during a job, or 

where each prepares his own food ; a lonely 

house in a glen. 
Gillhoo, n. a woman who is not counted 

economical. 
Gillie, n. a gill of whisky, &c. 
Gillie, n. a. giddy young woman. 
Gillie, n. a man-servant ; a male attendant. 
Gillie-birse, n. an ornament or head-dress 

consisting of a hair-cushion or pad, worn 

on a woman's forehead, over which her hair 

was combed. 
Gillie-callum, n. the Highland sword dance, 

and its tune. Cf. Killum-callum. 
Gillie-casfliuch, -casflue, n. the one of a 

chiefs attendants who had to carry him 

over fords. 
Gillie-comstrian, n. one who led his chief's 

horse in difficult places. 
Gillie-gasoon, n. an empty, talkative vapourer. 
Gillie-more, n. a chief's armour-bearer. 
Gillie-trusharnish, n. a chief's baggage-man, 

or knapsack-bearer. 
Gillie-wetfoot, n. a chief's attendant for beat- 
ing the bushes ; a worthless fellow, swindler, 

a debtor who runs off ; a running footman ; 

a bum-bailiff. 
Gillie-wheeBels, -wheesh, n. gipsies, robbers. 
Gillie-whitefoot, n. a beater of the bushes. 
Gilligachus, n. a fool. 
Gilliver, n. the gillyflower. 
Gill-kickerty, n. mphr. 'gang to gill-kickerty,' 

' go to Jericho. ' 
Gill-maw, n. a glutton, a voracious eater. 
Gillock, n. a gill ; a small measure of drink. 
Gillore, Gillour, u. plenty; wealth. Cf. 

Galore. 
Gill-ronie, n. a ravine abounding with brush- 
wood. 
Gill-rung, n. a long stick used by leech - 

gatherers to rouse leeches from deep holes. 
Gill-sipper, n. a tippler. 
Gill-stoup, n. a drinking-vessel holding a gill, 

a pitcher ; the common periwinkle, from its 

resemblance to a pitcher. 
Gill-towal, n. the horse-leech. 
Gill-wheep, ». a cheat ; a jilting. 
Gill-wife, n. an ale-wife, one who sells 

liquors. 
Gilly-cacus, n. a booby. Cf. Gilligachus. 
Gillyflower, n. the clove-pink or carnation ; 

wallflower ; the hoary, shrubby stock ; a 

thoughtless, giddy girl. 
Gilly-gaukie, v. to spend time idly and 

foolishly. 
Gilly-gaupus, -gaupie, «. a fool, booby, 

giglet, half-witted person. — adj. giddy and 

foolish. 



t Grin 

Gilly-vine, n. a black-lead pencil. Cf. Keeli- 
vine. 

Gilp, n. a big, fat person or animal ; a person 
of disagreeable temper. 

Gilp, n. a small quantity of water, &c. ; a 
dash or splash of water ; thin, insipid liquid. 
— v. to jerk, spurt ; to spill, splash, dash 
liquids ; to be jerked. 

Gilpin, u. a very big, fat person ; a child or 
young animal when large and fat. 

Gilpin, n. a smart young fellow ; a 'gilpy.' 

Gilpy, adj. used of eggs : not fresh, stale. 

Gilpy, Gilpey, n. a lively young person ; a 
roguish or mischievous boy ; a soft, stupid 
person ; a brisk, light-hearted girl ; a young, 
growing girl. 

Gilravage, Gilravachy, v. to behave tumul- 
tously ; to live riotously ; to romp ; to 
ravage. — n. a tumult, noisy mirth ; a dis- 
orderly company ; a depredation. Cf. 
Galravitch. 

Gilravager, n. a riotous, forward fellow ; a 
depredator ; a wanton fellow. 

Gilravaging, n. riotous behaviour at a merry 
meeting ; depredation. 

Gilreverie, n. revelry ; riotousness and waste- 
fulness. 

Gilse, n. a young salmon, a grilse. 

Gilt, n. a young sow when castrated. Cf. 
Gylte. 

Gilt, n. money. 

Gilt, n. a. haystack with rectangular base ; a. 
construction made of cleaned straw. 

Gilter, adj. lively, light-hearted. 

Giltit, adj. gilded. 

Gim, adj. neat, spruce. Cf. Jim. 

Gimblet, n. a gimlet. Cf. Gemlick. 

Gimcrack, adj. tawdry, fantastic. 

Gimlet-tool, n. a gimlet. 

Gimmels, n. tools, implements of various 
kinds. 

Gimmer, n. a ewe from one to two years old, 
or that has not yet borne young ; a con- 
temptuous name for a woman. 

Gimmer, v. to court and enjoy. 

Gimmer-hill, -hillock, n. in phr. 'on the 
gimmer - hill ' or ' gimmer - hillock,' un- 
married ; childless. 

Gimmer-pet, n. a two-year-old ewe. 

Gimp, adj. slender ; neat ; scanty, tight ; 
narrow ; deficient in quantity. — adv. 
scarcely. — v. to contract, curtail ; to make 
too narrow ; to give short measure, room, 
or weight, &c. Cf. Jimp. 

Gin, prep, used of time : against ; by ; in 
time for ; within. — conj. by the time that, 
until ; if, whether. 

Gin, n. the bolt or lock of = window or a 
door. 

Gin, adj. greedy of meat. 



(Mnch. 21 

Ginch, n. ginger. Cf. Ginge. 

Ginch, n. a small piece. 

Ginchick, n. a very small piece. 

Ginehock, n. a rather small piece. 

Gin-cough, n. the whooping-cough. 

Gindle, v. to tickle trout. Cf. Ginnle. 

Gineough, adj. gluttonous. Cf. Geenyoch. 

Ging, v. to go. Cf. Gang. 

Ging, n. gait. Cf. Gang. 

Ging-bang, n. a party ; an affair. Cf. Jing- 

bang. 
Ginge, n. ginger. — adj. made with ginger. 
Ginge-brace, -bras, ». gingerbread, spice-cake. 
Ginge-bread, n. gingerbread. — adj. flimsy, 
soft, delicate ; affecting dignity ; gaudy ; 
made of gingerbread. 
Gingebread-man, -wife, n. a man or woman 
who sells gingerbread ; the figure of a man 
or woman in gingerbread ; a flighty, deli- 
cate, affected man or woman. 
Ginger, n. a child's posteriors. 
Ging-go, n. nonsense ; a confused mass. 
Gingich, n. the chief climber or leader in 
rock-climbing for sea-fowl in the Western 
Isles. 
Gingle, v. to jingle. — n. an instant ; noisy 

mirth. Cf. Jingle. 
Gingling, ppl. adj. noisy, chattering. 
Gin-goon, adv. ding-dong. 
Gink, v. to titter ; to laugh in a suppressed 

fashion. — -n. a trick ; a tittering. 
Ginker, n. a dancer. 

Ginkie, adj. light-headed, giddy, tricky, frolic- 
some.— n. a giddy, light-headed girl ; a giglet. 
Ginkum, n. a trick ; an inkling ; a hint. 
Ginnaguid, adj. 'ne'er-do-well,' good-for- 
nothing. 
Ginnel, n. a street-gutter. 
Ginnel, v. to tickle trout. Cf. Ginnle. 
Ginners, n. the gills of a fish. 
Ginnle, v. to tickle trout, catch fish by groping 
under banks and stones with the hands ; to 
' guddle.' 
Ginnle, v. to tremble, shake ; to cause to 
tremble. — n. tremulous motion; the sound 
caused by vibration. 
Ginnles, «. the gills of a fish. 
Ginnling, n. tickling trout. 
Ginnling, re. the noise caused by vibration. 
Gin'st, phr. than it has. 
Gip, n. the point of a fish's jaw. 
Gip, v. to ' gut ' fish for curing. 
Gipe, n. one who is greedy, voracious, or 
avaricious. — adj. keen, ardent, very hungry. 
Cf. Gype. 
Gipe, n. a stupid, awkward, foolish person ; 
a foolish stare. — v. to stare foolishly; to act 
foolishly. Cf. Gype. 
Gipper, n. a woman who ' guts ' or cleans 
fish ; a ' gippie.' 



j Gim 

Gippie, n. a small knife used in 'gutting' 
fish. 

Gipping, 11. gutting fish in the herring season. 

Gipsy, n. a term of contempt for a woman 
or girl, and sometimes of endearment ; a 
woman's cap plaited on the back. 

Gipsy-herring, n. the pilchard. 

Gird, ». a girth ; a hoop for a barrel or tub ; 
a child's hoop. — v. to put on a hoop ; to 
' ring ' a wheel ; to encircle with a belt or 
girth ; to keep fast to a thing. 

Gird, v. to strike, push ; to drive smartly ; to 
erect one's self with energy or violence ; to 
drink hard; to scoff at.— n. a push, thrust ; 
a blow, knock ; a gust of wind ; a very short 
space of time ; a reproach, rebuke. 

Girden, Girdin, n. a ligament which binds a 
thing round ; a saddle-girth. 

Girder, re. a cooper. 

Girderings, n. suckers from an ash-tree, used 
as hoops. 

Girding, adj. belonging to the trade of 
coopers. — re. girthing. 

Girdit, ppl. adj. hooped with wood or iron. 

Girdle, re. a circular iron plate with bow 
handle, for baking oatcake, scones, &c. 

Girdle-braid, adj. of the breadth of a ' girdle.' 

Girdle-cake, ». a cake baked on a 'girdle.' 

Girdle-farl, n. a quarter of the circular oat- 
cake which is cut into four while baked on 
the 'girdle.' 

Girdle-scone, n. a flour or barley- meal scone 
baked on a 'girdle.' 

Girdlesmith, n. a maker of ' girdles.' 

Girdless, adj. without hoops. 

Gird-the-cogie, n. the name of an old Scots 
tune. 

Girg, v. to creak ; to gurgle, as water-logged 
shoes in walking. — re. a creaking sound ; 
the sound of wet boots in walking, or 
of creaking shoes. Cf. Jirg. 

Girkienet, re. a woman's outer jacket. Cf. 
Jirkinet. 

Girl, re. a girdle. 

Girl, Girle, v. to tingle, thrill, dirl ; to 
shudder, shiver ; to set the teeth on edge. 

Girl, v. to feel a sudden sensation of cold. 
Cf. Grill. 

Girn, v. to grin ; to snarl ; to show or gnash 
the teeth in rage or scorn ; to twist the 
features, grimace ; to gape, like a dress so 
tightly fastened as to show the under- 
garment. — n. a snarl, grin; a whimper; 
fretful fault-finding ; a smile ; distortion of 
the face ; a gape in a too tight dress. 

Girn, re. a snare, trap, gin, noose of wire or 
cord to catch birds, rabbits, trout, and other 
small animals ; a seton to keep up an issue, 
an issue. — v. to catch birds, rabbits, &c, 
by means of a 'girn.' Cf. Grin. 



Girn 



213 



Glag 



Girn, re. the last handful of grain shorn in the 
harvest-field. Cf. Kirn. 

Girn-again, re. a peevish, cross-grained person ; 
an habitually fretting child. 

Girnel, Girnal, re. a granary ; a meal-chest. — 
■v. to store up in granaries. 

Girnel-houBe, re. a large granary ; a miller's 
granary. 

Girnel-kist, re. a meal-chest. 

Girnel-man, n. a land-steward in charge of 
the grain and meal paid as part of the rent. 

Girner, re. a garner, a ' girnel. ' 

Girnie, re. a peevish person ; a fretting child. 
— adj. peevish, fretful. 

Girnie-gib, -gibbie, re. a peevish person. 

Girnigo, Girnigae, re. a peevish person. — adj. 
peevish, fretful. 

Girnigo-gash, -gibbie, re. a peevish person. 

Girningly, adv. with a grin ; fretfully. 

Girnot, n. the grey gurnard. Cf. Garnot. 

Girr, re. a hoop. Cf. Gird. 

Girran, Girron, re. a small boil. Cf. Guran. 

Girran, re. an inferior kind of horse. Cf. 
Garron. 

Girrebbage, re. an uproar. Cf. Gilravage. 

Girrel, v. to thrill. Cf. Girl. 

Girs, Girse, Girss, re. grass. Cf. Gerse. 

Girsie, adj. interspersed with grass. Cf. 
Gersy. 

Girskaivie, adj. hare-brained. 

Girsie, re. a gristle ; a quill-pen ; the throat. 
Cf. Grisle. 

Girslie, adj. gristly, full of gristles. Cf. 
Grisly. 

Girslin, n. a slight frost, a thin scurf of frost. 

Girst, ppl. pastured on grass. 

Girst, n. grist ; the quantity of corn sent to a 
mill to be ground ; the fee paid in kind for 
grinding. — v. to grind and dress grain. Cf. 
Grist. 

Girst, re. size, measurement, texture, thick- 
ness ; the form of the surface of linen, 
wood, &c. , as to smoothness. Cf. Grist. 

Girster, re. one who brings grain to be ground 
at a mill. 

Girt, adj. great, large. 

Girt, re. the girth ; a girth. 

Girth, re. a neckcloth ; a hoop of iron or wood. 

Girth, re. a sanctuary, place of refuge ; a circle 
of stones environing the ancient places of 
judgment, popularly supposed to be sanc- 
tuaries. 

Girthgate, re. a safe road, the way to a 
sanctuary. 

Girthing, re. a saddle-girth, harness. Cf. 
Girding. 

Girtholl, re. a sanctuary. 

Girtle, n. a small quantity of any fluid.— v. 
to pour in small quantities ; to work with 
liquids ; with up, to throw up, splash ; with 



out, over, to spill in small quantities ; 

with at, with, to use constantly, as an 

article of food. 
Girt 0' the leg, phr. the calf of the leg. 
Girzy, Girzie, n. a maid-servant. 
Gisn, v. to leak from drought. Cf. Gizzen. 
Gite, adj. mad; enraged. — re. « madman, an 

idiot. 
Gite, re. a child, a brat. Cf. Gett. 
Gitters, re. mud, mire, 'gutters.' 
Gitty, re. a term of endearment to a child, or 

'geit.' 
Give, conj. if. Cf. Gif. 
Give, v. to give way ; used of ice, frost : to 

thaw ; to give a blow ; with dawn, to 

reduce or lower a fine, &c. Cf. Gie. 
Gizen, adj. dry ; thirsty. Cf. Gizzen. 
Gizen, n. the gizzard of a fowl ; a person's 

throat. Cf. Gizzen. 
Gizy, n. a wig. 
Gizy-maker, n. a wig-maker. 
Gizz, re. 2l wig ; the face, countenance. 
tGizzen, n. childbed. Cf. Jizzen. 
tGizzen, re. the gizzard of a fowl ; a person's 

throat. 
Gizzen, adj. used of wooden vessels : leaking 

owing to drought ; dry ; thirsty ; parched. 

— v. used of wooden vessels : to warp, twist, 

or crack, and become leaky from drought ; 

to dry up from heat ; to be parched ; to 

wither, fade, shrivel ; to parch from thirst. 
Gizzen-bed, re. childbed. 
Gizzen-clout, n. an infant's binder. 
Gizzy-maker, ». a wig-maker. 
Glaamer, v. to grope. Cf. Gloomer. 
Glaar, re. mud, ooze, filth ; slippery ice, 

slipperiness. — v. to make muddy, slippery. 

Cf. Glaur. 
Glabber, v. to chatter, gabble ; to speak 

indistinctly. — re. foolish, idle talk. 
Glack, v. in phr. to 'glack one's mitten,' to 

bribe, 'tip.' 
Glack, n. a trick ; deception. — v. to trifle ; 

to flirt ; to deceive. Cf. Glaik. 
Glack, n. a ravine, a defile ; the fork of a 

tree, road, &c. ; the angle between the 

thumb and the forefinger ; an opening in 

a wood where the wind blows briskly ; a 

handful or small portion ; as much grain as 

a reaper holds in his left hand ; a ' snack," 

slight repast. 
Glad, Glade, adj. smooth, easy in motion ; 

slippery ; not to be trusted. 
Glad content, phr. specially content. 
Glaff, re. a glimpse, a ' gliff.' 
Glaff, n. a sudden blast or puff of wind. — 

v. to waft, blow gently. 
Glag, v. to make a choking noise in the 

throat. — re. a choking sound in the throat. 

Cf. Glog, Glock. 



Glagger 



214 



Orlassen 



Glagger, v. to 'glag.'— «. a 'glag.' 

Glagger, v. to search, pursue, or desire eagerly. 
— n. a keen pursuit ; avaricious greed. 

Glaggy, adj. soft, sticky, 'claggy.' 

Glaiber, v. to chatter, gabble. — n. idle talk. 
Cf. Glabber. 

Glaid, adj. glad. Cf. Gled. 

Glaid, adj. smooth. Cf. Glad. 

Glaid, n. the kite. Cf. Gled. 

Glaiger, n. a hard, whitish marble, made of 
earthenware. 

Glaik, re. a trick ; a deception ; an illusion of 
the eye ; a gleam, reflection of light ; a 
glance of the eye ; the bat ; in pi. scoffs, 
gibes ; a jilting ; an idle, good-for-nothing 
person; a puzzle-game ; a child's puzzle. — 
v. to trifle ; to flirt ; to fool ; to wanton ; to 
wander idly ; to spend time playfully ; to 
jeer, make 'game' of; to shine, dazzle; 
to deceive, beguile. 

Glaikery, re. coquetry, trifling, lightheaded- 
ness. 

Glaikie, adj. pleasant. Cf. Glaiky. 

Glaikit, Glaigit, ppl. adj. senseless, silly ; 
giddy, thoughtless ; affected ; petted. 

Glaikitly, adv. lightly, foolishly, affectedly, 
pettishly. 

Glaikitnesa, n. levity, giddiness ; affectation ; 
pettedness. 

Glaiky, adj. giddy, thoughtless ; pleasant, 
charming. — re. a giddy girl. 

Glaim, v. to burn with a bright flame. — n. a 
flame. 

Glaip, v. to gulp food or drink. 

Glair, n. mud, mire. Cf. Glaur. 

Glair-hole, n. a mire. 

Glairie, n. mud. 

Glairie - flairies, «. gaudy trappings. Cf. 
Glare. 

Glairy, adv. showy. 

Glairy-flairy, adj. gaudy, showy. 

Glaise, re. in phr. 'a glaise o' the fire,' 
warming one s self hurriedly at a strong fire. 
Cf. Glaize. 

Glaister, n. a thin covering of snow or ice. 

Glaister, v. to babble, talk indistinctly ; to 
howl, to bark ; to speak foolishly. 

Glaisterie, adj. sleety ; miry. 

Glaiver, n. chatter, gossip. — v. to talk 
foolishly, babble. Cf. Glaver. 

Glaize, v. to smooth over ; to graze in 
passing ; to glaze. 

Glaize, ». a warming at a fire. 

Glaizie, adj. glittering ; glossy ; smooth, 
sleek, shining like glass. 

Glak, re. a trick ; an illusion. Cf. Glaik. 

Glakit, ppl. adj. senseless ; giddy ; thought- 
less. Cf. Glaikit. 

Glam, «. a loud, prolonged cry ; noise, 
clamour. 



Glam, v. to clutch at ; to eat greedily. — n. 

the hand. Cf. Glaum. 
Glamack, n. a snatch ; an eager grasp ; a 

handful ; a mouthful. — v. to snatch at, 

clutch ; to eat greedily. 
Glamer, «. glamour. — v. to bewitch, fascinate; 

to dazzle. 
Glamer, n. noise, clamour. 
Glamer bead, ». an amber bead used in 

enchantment. 
Glamerie, re. witchcraft, magic, fascination. 

Cf. Glamourie. 
Glamerify, v. to bewitch, cast a spell. 
Glamer-micht, re. power of enchantment. 
Glammach, v. to snatch at, clutch ; to grope 

for, search one's pocket ; to eat greedily. — 

n. a clutch, grasp ; a handful ; a morsel. 
Glammer, re. a spell, fascination ; witchery. 

— v. to bewitch, beguile ; to dazzle ; to 

bind with a spell. 
Glammie, n. a mouthful. Cf. Glaum. 
Glamorous, adj. magical, supernatural. 
Glamour-gift, «. the gift of fascinating or 

enchanting. 
Glamourie, re. witchcraft ; fascination ; a 

spell. 
Glamp, v. to grasp, clutch at ; to grope ; to 

gulp, eat greedily ; to sprain. — re. a snatch, 

gulp, grasp ; a groping search in the dark ; 

a sprain. 
Glance, v. to cause to glance ; to brighten the 

eye. 
Glaneing-glass, re. a glass used by children 

to reflect sun-rays on any object ; applied 

to a minister of the gospel who has more 

show or flashiness than solidity. 
Giant, v. pret. shone. 
Glar, Glare, re. mud. Cf. Glaur. 
Glare, re. a fine show, a gaudy appearance. 

Cf. Glairy. 
Glarry, adj. muddy ; smooth and shining, 

like wet mud. Cf. Glaurie. 
Glasgow-magistrate, re. a red herring. 
Glash, re. a hollow on the slope of a hill. Cf. 

Clash. 
Glashan, re. the coal-fish. 
Glashtroch, re. continuous rain causing dirty 

roads. 
Glasin-wricht, re. a glazier. 
Glasp, re. a clasp, grasp. 
Glass, re. in pi. glasses filled with water, and 

having the white of an egg dropped into 

them, used at Fastern's-e'en and Hallowe'en 

as predictions of the future. — v. to glaze, 

furnish windows with glass. 
Glassack, re. a ' glassey. ' 
Glass-breaker, re. a tippler, a hard drinker. 
GlaBS-chack, v. to plane down the outer part 

of a sash, to fit it for receiving the glass. 
Glassen, adj. made of glass. 



Glasser 



215 



Glengarry 



Glasser, Glassier, n. a glazier. 

Glasser, n. a marble or ' taw ' made of glass. 

Glassey, n. a sweatmeat made of treacle ; a 

glass marble. 
Glassin, n. glass-work, panes of glass. 
Glassing, n. a planing, smoothing. 
Glassin- wright, n. a glazier. 
Glassites, n. followers of the Rev. John Glas 

( 1695-1773), otherwise called Sandemanians. 
Glassock, n. the coal-fish. 
Glaster, v. to babble ; to bawl. Cf. Glaister. 
Glasterer, n. a boaster. 
Glastrious, adj. contentious ; boastful. 
Glatton, n. a handful. 
Glaum, v. to clutch ; to grope. — «. a clutch ; 

a mouthful. Cf. Glam. 
Glaum, v. to stare, ' glower. ' 
Glaumer, Glaumour, n. glamour. Cf. 

Glamer. 
Glaump, v. to grasp ineffectually ; to grope r 

to sprain. Cf. Glamp. 
Glaums, n. a horse-gelder's instruments. 
Glaund, Glaun, n. a clamp of iron or wood. 
Glaur, Glawr, «. mud, dirt, ooze ; slippery 

ice, slipperiness. — v. to make muddy, dirty, 

or slippery ; to wade or stick in mud. 
Glaurie, adj. muddy, filthy ; smooth and 

shining like wet mud ; used of the weather : 

wet, causing mud. — n. mire, soft mud. 
Glauroch, n. a soft, muddy hole. 
Glaver, v. to chatter, babble. — n. foolish talk, 

chatter. Cf. Claver. 
Glawnicy, n. an ocular deception caused by 

witchcraft. 
Glazie, adj. glazed ; glassy ; smooth. Cf. 

Glaizie. 
Glead, 11. a spark ; aflame. — v. to burn. Cf. 

Gleed. 
Gleakit, adj. senseless ; giddy ; petted. Cf. 

Glaikit. 
Gleam, n. inphr. 'gang gleam,' to take 'fire. 
Glebber, Glebor, v. to gabble, chatter. Cf. 

Glabber. 
Gled, adj. glad. 
Gled, Glede, n. the kite ; the buzzard ; a 

greedy person. 
Glede's whissle, n. an expression of triumph. 
Glede-wylie, n. a children's game. 
Gledge, v. to glance at, take a side view ; to 

look askance, leer ; to look slyly or archly; 

to spy. — n. a glance, glimpse; an oblique 

look ; a sly or arch glance. 
Gled-like, adj. like a kite. 
Glee, v. to squint ; to look sideways. — n. a 

squint; a mark, track, straight course. — 

adv. awry, 'agley.' 
Glee, adj. merry, gleeful. 
Gleed, n. a spark, a red ember ; a cinder ; a 

fire, flame, a glare, glow. — v. to burn ; to 

smoulder. Cf. Glead. 



Gleed, ppl. adj. squinting ; blind of an eye ; 
crooked, awry, oblique. — adv. crookedly ; 
astray. 

Gleed-eyed, adj. squinting. 

Gleed -looking, adj. appearing to have a 
squint. 

Gleed-necked, adj. wry-necked, crooked. 

Gleeitness, n. obliqueness ; the state of being 
squint-eyed. 

Gleek, v. to gibe ; to trifle ; to flirt. — n. a 
trick ; an illusion. Cf. Glaik. 

Gleemock, 11. a faint or deadened gleam, like 
that of the sun through fog. 

Glee-mou'd, adj. having the mouth awry. 

Gleen, v. to shine, glitter, gleam. — n. a bright 
light, gleam. 

Gleesh, v. to burn with a strong, clear fire. — 
n. a strong, clear fire. 

Gleeshach, n. a strong, clear fire. Cf. 
Grieshach. 

Gleet, v. to shine, glance, glitter. — ;/. a glance, 
a glitter, the act of shining. 

Gleet, ppl. adj. squinting ; blind of an eye ; 
awry, crooked. — adv. crookedly. 

Gleeyed, ppl. adj. squinting. 

Gleg, k. a gadfly, 'cleg.' 

Gleg, n. in phi: ' to be aff the gleg,' to be off 
the track, to miss the mark. Cf. Glee. 

Gleg, adj. clear-sighted, of quick perception ; 
keen, sharp, eager ; brisk, nimble ; quick 
in movement ; bright, smart, gay, vivid, 
sparkling; keen of appetite, hungry ; sharp- 
edged; of ice: keen, slippery; clever; pert 
in manner ; attentive ; avaricious. — adv. 
cleverly. 

Gleg-e'ed, adj. sharp-eyed. 

Gleg-glancing, adj. quick-sighted. 

Gleg-hawk, n. the sparrow-hawk. 

Gleg-lug'd, adj. quick of hearing. 

Glegly, adv. cleverly, keenly, attentively ; 
briskly ; quickly ; brightly, flashingly. 

Glegness, n. keenness ; quick perception. 

Gleg-set, adj. sharp, keen. 

Gleg-sichted, adj. quick-sighted. 

Gleg-sure, adj. certain, ' cocksure. ' 

Gleg-tongued, adj. sharp-tongued. 

Gleg-witted, adj. sharp-witted. 

Gleib, ». a piece, part of anything. Cf. Glibe. 

Gleid, n. a spark, flame. — v. to illuminate. 
Cf. Gleed. 

Gleid, ppl adj. squint-eyed; oblique. Cf. 
Glee. 

Glen, «. a daffodil. 

Glender-gane, adj. in a bad condition, physi- 
cal, moral, or financial. 

Glender-gear, n. ill-gotten substance. 

Glendrie-gaits, n. far-away errands. 

Glendronach, n. a particular brand of whisky. 

Glengarry, n. a man's or boy's oblong woollen 
cap, 



Glengore 2 1 

Glengore, n. venereal disease. 

Glenlivat, n. whisky distilled at Glenlivet. 

Glent, v. to shine, sparkle ; to flash, twinkle ; 

of flowers : to blossom ; to glance, peep ; 

to squint ; to pass suddenly. — n. a gleam, 

sparkle ; an instant ; a sudden blow ; a 

glance, glimpse ; a sly look. 
Glentin-stanes, n. small white stones, used by 

children to strike fire. 
Gleshan, n. the coal-fish. Cf. Glashan. 
Glesa, ». a glass. — v. to drink a glass of 

spirits, &c. 
Glesser, n. a variegated glass marble. Cf. 

Glasser. 
Glessy, n. a sweetmeat made with treacle. 

Cf. Glassey. 
Glet, «. ooze, slime, viscid matter ; phlegm. — 

v. to discharge watery serum. Cf. Glitt. 
Gletty, adj. slimy ; green with slime or 

ooze. 
Gley, v. to squint ; to overlook. — n. a squint. 

Cf. Glee. 
Gleyd, n. an old horse ; an old fellow. Cf. 

Glyde. 
Gley'd, Gleyed, Gleyt, ppl. adj. squinting. 
Gley-eyed, -e'et, adj. cross-eyed. 
Gley-mou'd, adj. having a crooked mouth. 
Gleytness, n. obliqueness ; obliqueness of 

vision. 
Glib, adj. cunning, sharp or slippery in one's 

dealings ; easily swallowed. 
Glib, Glibbe, n. a twisted lock of hair. 
GlibbanB, «. a sharp person. 
Glibber-glabber, v. to talk idly and con- 
fusedly. — n. frivolous and confused talk. 
Glibby, adj. talkative, glib. 
Glibe, n. a piece of anything. Cf. Gleib. 
Glib-gabbit, -mou'd, -tongued, adj. fluent, 

voluble, talkative. 
Glibly, adv. smoothly. — adj. easily swallowed. 
Glibs, n. a sharper. 
Glid, adj. slippery, smooth, polished. Cf. 

Glad. 
Glide, ppl. adj. squinting. Cf. Glee, Gley'd. 
Glide-aver, «. an old horse. 
Glie, v. to squint. Cf. Glee. 
Glieb, n. a field ; a glebe. 
Gliff, «. a glimpse, glance, a brief view ; 

a flash, gleam, anything appearing for a 

moment ; an instant, a moment ; a sudden 

fright or shock ; a glow, an uneasy feeling 

of heat ; a short sleep. — v. to look quickly, 

glance ; to flash, gleam ; to frighten, startle, 

surprise. 
Gliffie, «. a moment, a small moment. 
Glifnn, n. a gleam ; a sudden glow or heat; a 

sudden sensation ; an instant ; a surprise, 

fright ; something very small. 
Glifring, n. a feeble attempt to grasp anything. 
Glim, n. a candle, lantern, a light. 



5 Gloamin'-tide 

Glim, adj. blind. — n. an ineffectual attempt to 
lay hold of an object ; a slip, tumble ; a 
disappointment. 

Glim, 11. venereal disease. 

Glime, v. to look askance or asquint ; to glance 
slyly ; to gaze impertinently with a side- 
look. — n. a sly glance, a sidelong look. 

Glim-glam, -glaum, «. 'blind-man's buff. ' 

Glimmer, v. to blink, as from defective vision ; 
to wink ; with owre, to overlook. — n. mica, 
or ' sheep's siller.' 

Glimmie, n. the person blindfolded in ' blind- 
man's buff. ' 

Glimp, n. a glimpse, glance, cursory look ; 
the least degree. — v . to blink. 

Glinder, v. to peep through half-closed eyes. 

Glink, v. to sparkle, gleam ; to cast a side- 
glance, catch a glimpse of; to give a fleet- 
ing glance ; to jilt. — ». a gleam, flash ; a 
light affection ; a side-look. 

Glinkit, ppl. adj. light-headed ; giddy. 

Glint, v. to twinkle ; used of flowers : to 
blossom ; to catch a glimpse of ; to peer, 
peep, look furtively ; to glance off at an 
angle, —n. a glitter ; an instant ; anything 
sudden ; a glimpse, peep, squint. Cf. 
Glent. 

Glintin, n. a gleam ; early dawn. 

Glintle, v. to sparkle, gleam, flash. 

Glisk, ». a flash, sparkle, gleam of light ; a 
passing glance, a transient view ; an instant, 
moment ; anything transitory or slight, a 
short, brisk movement ; a glance at or 
over. 

Gliakie, n. a rapid glance. 

Gliss, v. to shine, gleam, glisten ; to glance. 

Glist, v. to glisten. 

Glister, n. a clyster. 

Glister, n. a thin covering of snow or ice. 
Cf. Glaister. 

Glitt, n. slime, ooze ; phlegm. Cf. Glet. 

Glittilie, adv. slimily. Cf. Gletty. 

Glittiness, n. ooziness. 

Glitty, adj. oozy, slimy ; having a surface so 
smooth as not to sharpen edge-tools. 

Glive, n. a glove. 

Gloam, n. the gloaming, dusk, evening.— v. 
to become dusk, to grow dark. 

Gloamd, 11. the twilight at evening. 

Gloamin', adj. belonging to evening twilight. 
— v. to darken, become dusk. — n. twilight. 

Gloamin'-fa', n. dusk ; fall of evening. 

Gloamin'-grey, -hour, n. twilight. 

Gloamin'-hushed, adj. still as in twilight. 

Gloamin'-light, n. twilight. 

Gloamin'-shot, «. an interval at twilight which 
workmen within doors take before using 
lights ; a twilight interview ; nightfall. 
Gloamin'-star, -starn, n. the evening star. 
Gloamin'-tide, -time, n. twilight. 



Gloamin'-tryst 



217 



Glozing 



Gloamin'-tryst, n. an evening tryst or appoint- 
ment to meet. 
Gloaxa't, ppl. adj. dusk, in the state of twilight. 
Gloan, n. substance, strength. 
Gloan, Gloanin, n. feverish excitement. 
Glock, v. to gulp ; to gurgle, flow through too 

narrow an opening. — n. a gulp; a gurgle; 

the noise of water, &c. , flowing through too 

narrow an opening. 
Glocken, v. to astound, to start from fright. — 

n. a frightened start ; a sudden shock ; an 

unlooked-for disaster. 
Glockenin', n. a sudden shock from fright, a 

'glocken.' 
Gloff, n. a sudden fright ; a sudden change of 

atmosphere, or of temperature ; a twinge. 

— v. to take fright ; to feel a sudden shock ; 

to shiver or shudder from shock, as of 

plunging into cold water. Cf. Gliff. 
Gloff, v. to have unsound sleep. — n. disturbed 

sleep. 
Gloffel, n. a short sleep. 
Gloffin, n. a short, unquiet sleep. 
Glog, v. to gulp down ; to shake a liquid, 

cause it to gurgle. — n. a hasty draught ; a 

gurgling sound. Cf. Glag, Glock. 
Glog, adj. black, dark ; appearing deep ; 

slow. 
Gloggie, adj. insipid, artificial, unnatural. 
Gloggie, adj. used of the atmosphere : dark, 

hazy, muggy. 
Glog-rinnin, adj. used of a river : running 

slowly, dark and deep. 
Gloidin, ppl. adj. awkward. Cf. Gloit. 
Gloit, v. to work with the hands in any liquid, 

miry, or viscous substance ; to do anything 

dirtily or awkwardly. 
Gloit, «. a blockhead, 'lubber,' lout; a soft, 

delicate person. 
Gloitry, adj. dirty, miry, sloppy, wet and 

slippery. 
Gloken, v. to astound. Cf. Glocken. 
Glomin, n. the gloaming. 
Glonders, n. the sulks, a bad temper, frowns. 
Gloom, n. in pi. the sulks, depression. 
Gloomer, n. one who frowns. 
Gloomer, v. to grope. Cf. Glaamer. 
Glooming, ppl. adj. frowning. 
Gloot, v. to look sullen ; to pout, sulk. — n. a 

pout, a sullen look. Cf. Gloat. 
Gloove, n. a glove. 
Glore, n. glory. — v. to glory. 
Glore, v. to glow, shine. 

Glorg, v. to do dirty work. — n. a nasty com- 
pound of any kind. 
Giorgio, adj. bedaubed, miry, dirty ; used of 

the weather : sultry, warm, suffocating. 
Glorious, adj. excited or hilarious from drink. 
Glory, int. in phr. ' my glory ! ' an excl. of 

surprise. — «. fun, merriment, hilarity. 



Glose, n. a specious show, a delusion. Cf. 

Gloze. 
Glose, n. a blaze ; the act of warming one's self 

at a quick fire. — v. to blaze. 
Gloss, n. a low, clear fire, without smoke or 

flame ; the act of warming one's self at such 

a fire. 
Gloss, v. to adorn, give a bright hue. 
Glossator, n. a glosser ; a commentator. 
Glossins, n. flushings in the face. 
Glotten, v. to thaw gently. — n. a partial thaw. 
Glottenin, re. a partial thaw ; a slight rise in 

a river, with change of colour, and froth 

on the surface. 
Glouf, 11. a sudden blast ; a fright. — v. to 

scare. Cf. Gluff. 
Glouk, re. the sound made by crows or ravens 

over carrion. 
Gloum, v . to gloom, frown. — u. a frown ; the 

gloaming. 
Glouminly, adv. in a frowning manner. 
Glour, u. to stare. — re. a stare. Cf. Glower. 
Glourer, n. an eye ; a starer, a merely curious 

onlooker at a deathbed. 
Glourie, re. one who stares. 
Glouriks, re. the eyes. 
Gloushteroich, re. the dregs of soup. 
Gloushteroich, adj. used of the weather : 

boisterous, gusty. 
Glousterie, Glousteroich, Glousterin, adj. 

used of the weather : gusty, blustering. — 

n. boisterous, changeable weather. Cf. 

Glysterin. 
Glout, v. to pout, sulk. — n. a pout, sullenness. 
Glouten, v. to thaw gently. — re. a partial thaw. 

Cf. Glotten. 
Glow, Glowe, n. a blaze. 
Glower, Glowr, Glowre, v. to stare, gaze ; 

to look threateningly, scowl. — n. an intent 

or angry look ; a stare ; a frown ; a leer ; 

vision. 
Gloweret-like, adj. stormy-looking. 
Glowering, ppl. adj. vacant-looking ; over- 
cast ; scowling ; gleaming, clear. 
Glowm, v. to frown ; to gloom. — n. a frown ; 

the gloaming. 
Gloy, 11. straw ; cleaned straw, straw used for 

thatching, &c. ; a superficial threshing. — v. 

to give grain a hasty threshing. 
Gloyd, n. an old horse ; an old fellow ; a 

disagreeable person. Cf. Glyde. 
Gloy-stane, n. the stone or floor on which 

grain is threshed. 
Gloze, n. a specious show, delusion, mistaken 

idea. 
Gloze, v. to blaze. — n. the clear flame of a fire. 

Cf. Gloss, Glose. 
Glozing, ppl. adj. blazing. 
Glozing, ppl. adj. flattering, fawning, deceitful. 

— «. romancing. 



Gluck 



218 



Gnarlish 



Gluck, n. a gurgling sound. Cf. Glock. 
Gludder, n. the sound of a body falling into 

mud, slush, &c. — v. to do dirty work, or 

work in a dirty manner ; to swallow food 

in a slovenly or disgusting way. 
Gluddery, adj. wet, unctuous, slippery to the 

touch. 
Glue, n. in phi: ' candy-glue,' candy of a 

sticky kind, in stalks or lumps. 
Gluff, n. a sudden blast, gust; a whiff; a 

twinge ; a sudden scare. — v. to scare, startle ; 

to surprise. Cf. Gliff, Gloff. 
Gluff, adj. sullen, gloomy. 
Gluffin, n. a boisterous brawler ; a frightful 

appearance. 
Gluffus, «. an ugly person. 
Glugger, v. to swallow liquids with a noise 

in the throat. 
Gluggery, adj. flaccid, like young and soft 

animal food. 
Gluive, n. a glove. 
Glum, adj. sour, sulky, moody. 
Glumch, v. to look sad or moody. Cf. 

Glumsh. 
Glumf, v. to look sulky. Cf. Glump. 
Glumfie, adj. moody ; 'grumpy.' Cf. Glumpy. 
Glumly, adv. sullenly, moodily. 
Glump, Glumph, v. to look sulky, gloomy, 

discontented. — n. a morose or sulky person ; 

xa.pl. the 'dumps.' 
Glumpish, adj. sulky, surly ; mopish ; morose. 
Glumpy, adj. sour-looking ; ' grumpy ; ' low- 
spirited. 
Glumsh, v. to look sulky, frown ; to whine, 

grumble, be querulous ; to be dogged. — n. a 

frown, pout, sulky look or fit ; in pi. the 

'dumps.' — adj. gloomy, sour-looking. 
Glumsh, v. to swallow food with haste and 

noise. Cf. Glunsh. 
Glumshous, adj. sulky. 
Glunch, v. to frown ; to grumble. — n. a sullen 

look ; a dogged fit. — adj. sour-looking. 
Glunchingly, adv. moodily, fretfully. 
Glunchy, adj. morose, bad-tempered ; dogged. 
Gluuder, v. to look sulky. 
Glundering, ppl. adj. gaudy, glaring, calcu- 
lated to please a vulgar taste. 
Glundie, n. an inert, awkward lout ; a fool ; 

a sullen look; a plough-' redder,' one who 

clears the plough -coulter of earth, &c. — adj. 

sullen, inactive. 
Glune-amie, Glunimie, n. a Highlander ; a 

rough, unpolished, boorish man ; a fondling 

term used of a cow. 
Glunner, n. an ignorant, sour-tempered fellow ; 

in^>/. the sulks. Cf. Glunter. 
Glunny, n. an inert, awkward lout. Cf. 

Glundie. 
Glunsch, Glunsh, v. to look sulky. Cf. 

Glunch. 



Glunsh, v. to swallow food hastily and noisily. 

Glunshoch, 11. one who has a morose look ; 
a sulky person. 

Glunt, v. to emit sparks. Cf. Glent. 

Glunt, u. to look sullen ; to pout, scowl.— 
n. a sour look, a suspicious look over the 
shoulder or sideways ; in pi. the sulks. 

Gluntch, v. to look sullen. Cf. Glunch. 

Glunter, n. one who has a morose look, a 
sour-tempered person ; va.pl. the sulks. Cf. 
Glunt. 

Gluntie, n. a sour look. 

Gluntie, adj. tall, meagre, and haggard.— «. 
an emaciated woman. 

Gluntoch, «. a surly, sullen, stupid person. 

Glunyieman, n. a Highlander. Cf. Glune- 
amie. 

Glup, v. to beguile, wheedle ; to make a 
conquest of. 

Glush, n. anything pulpy ; sleet, slush ; mud. 

Glushie, adj. slushy ; abounding in half-melted 
snow. 

Glut, 11. a drink, gulp. — v. to swallow with 
effort at one gulp. 

Gluther, v. to swallow greedily ; to splutter ; 
to make a gurgling sound in the throat. — n. 
a rising or filling of the throat ; a gurgling 
sound in it caused by emotion and prevent- 
ing distinct articulation ; an ungraceful noise 
made in swallowing. Cf. Gludder. 

Gluthery, adj. used of roads : muddy. Cf. 
Gludder. 

Gluts, u. two wedges used as leverage in 
tempering a plough ; wedges used in tight- 
ening the hooding of a flail. 

Glutter, v. to swallow quickly. Cf. Gluther. 

Glutters, it. wet mud, soft earth, 'gutters.' 
Cf. Gludder. 

Gly, v. to squint. Cf. Glee. 

Glyack, n. the last sheaf cut in harvest, the 
' clyack ' sheaf. 

Glybe, n. glebe land. 

Glyde, n. an old horse ; an old fellow ; a 
person of disagreeable temper. Cf. Gleyd. 

Glyde, n. an opening ; a road ; a glade. 

Glysterie, Glysterin, adj. boisterous, gusty, 
stormy. Cf. Glousterie. 

Gnaff, «. any small or stunted creature ; a 
poor-looking creature. 

Gnap, Gnape, v. to gnaw, bite, nibble ; to 
snap at ; to attempt to mince one's words 
affectedly ; to taunt, censure snappishly. — 
n. a bite, mouthful, morsel of anything eat- 
able ; mincing, affected speech. — adj. hungry. 
Gnapping, Gnaping, ppl. adj. eager, earnest ; 

given to fault-finding and taunting. 
Gnap-the-ween, n. very thin oatcake ; any 

kind of very light bread. 
Gnarl, 11. biting, rough treatment. 
Gnarlish, adj. used of temper : crusty, crabbed. 



Gnarly 



219 



Godsend 



Gnarly, adj. twisted ; cross-grained. 

Gnarr, n. a hard knot in wood. 

Gnarr, &. to find fault in a snarling manner ; 
to quarrel. — n, the growl of an angry dog ; 
peevishness. Cf. Nyirr. 

Gnash, n. pert, insolent talk, bluster. — v. to 
prate, give impudence. Cf. Nash. 

Gnashicks, n. the red bear-berry. 

Gnat, v. to gnaw ; to grind the teeth. — n. a 
bite ; a snap. 

Gnatter, v. to grumble, worry ; to wrangle. 
Cf. Nyatter. 

Gnattery, adj. ill-tempered, peevish, queru- 
lous. 

Gnaw, n. a. slight, partial thaw. 

Gneck, n. a notch. — v. to cut notches. 

Gneep, Gneip, n. a booby, ninny ; a foolish 
fellow. 

Gnegum, n. a tricky disposition ; a fiery, 
pungent flavour in edibles. 

Gneigie, adj. sharp-witted, ' knacky. ' 

Gneisle, v. to gnaw. 

Gneut, Gneutie, n. a stupid person. 

Gneutick, Gneutickie, n. a stupid person. 

Gnew, v. pret. gnawed. 

Gnib, adj. ready, quick, clever in action ; light- 
fingered ; stingy, mean; sharp -tempered, 
curt; sharp in demanding one's own; keen 
of appetite. 

Gnibbich, n. a little person of thin, sharp 
features and curt manners. — adj. mean, 
stingy ; curt in manners. 

Gnidge, v. to press, squeeze ; with off, to rub 
off, to peel off by rubbing. — n. a squeeze. 
Cf. Knidge. 

Gnip, v. to eat, crop ; to taunt, complain 
constantly about. — n. a morsel, mouthful. 
Cf. Nip. 

Gnipick, Gnipickie, ». a morsel of anything 
edible. Cf. Nippock. 

Gnipper, n. the smallest piece of anything 
edible. 

Gnipper for gnapper, or gnopper, phr. the 
sound made by a mill in grinding ; the very 
smallest particle. 

Gnippin, n. continual petty taunting. 

Gnissle, v. to gnaw. Cf. Gneisle. 

Gnorly, adj. twisted, knotty. Cf. Gnarly. 

Go, v. used of animals : to graze ; to die. — ». 
distress, excitement, fuss ; a drunken frolic, 
' spree. ' Cf. Gae. 

Goab, n. the worked-out part of a mine. 

Goab-fire, n. the spontaneous ignition of small 
coal in a worked-out part of a mine, pro- 
ducing white ' damp. ' 

Goad, n. a fishing-rod. Cf. Gad. 
Goadloup, n. the military punishment of run- 
ning the gauntlet. 
Goadaman, n. the driver of a team of oxen. 
Cf. Gadsman. 



Goaf, n. a foolish person, a. simpleton. Cf. 

Goff. 
Goafish, adj. stupid, foolish. 
Goak, int. an excl. of surprise, and of im- 
precation. 
Goal, n. a gaol. 
Goam, v. to pay attention to, heed, care for, 

take notice of; to acknowledge by curtsy. 
Goam, v. to gaze about wildly or idly. 
Goan, v. to lounge. 
Goan, «. a wooden dish for meat. 
Goare, n. a hurt, wound. 
Goarling, n. an unfledged bird ; anything very 

young. Cf. Gorlin. 
Goarling-baird, n. the first downy hairs 

appearing on the chin. 
Goarling-hair, n. the down of unfledged birds. 
Go-ashores, Go-shores, n. better clothes than 

working or sea-going clothes. 
Goat, n. a drain, ditch, gutter ; a narrow 

cavern or inlet into which the sea enters ; 

a slough, deep, miry place. Cf. Gote. 
Goat-chaffer, n. the nightjar. 
Goat's beard, n. vapour in the sky foreboding 

storm. 
Goat-whey-quarters, n. a place of resort for 

the drinking of goat's-milk. 
Goave, v. to stare idly or vacantly ; to look 

with ■". roving eye ; to look steadily with 

uplifted face ; to throw up and toss the 

head from side to side ; to gaze with fear ; 

to flaunt ; to play the flirt. — n. a broad, 

vacant stare. 
Goave-i-th'-wind, phr. a vain, foolish, light- 
headed person. 
Goavie, int. an excl. of surprise. Cf. Govie. 
Goaving, ppl. adj. stupid ; staring ; coquetting ; 

startled ; tossing the head. 
Goaving-wild, adj. staring stupidly ; foolishly 

eager. 
Gob, n. a lump of meat, &c. ; a mouthful. 
Gob, n. the mouth ; a beak ; a grimace. 
Gobich, n. the goby. 
Goblet, Gobblet, n. a cast-iron kettle. 
Goch, int. an excl. of pain. 
Gock, n. a deep wooden dish, a 'cogue.' 
Gock, n. the cuckoo ; a simpleton. Cf. 

Gowk. 
Gockie, n. a stupid person, a 'gawky.' 
Gockie, Gockie-cog, «. a deep wooden dish. 
Gockmin, n. a sentinel, watchman. 
Godderlitch, adj. sluttish ; sanctimonious. 

Cf. Gotherlisch. 
Godin, n. the smallest amount or atom, a 

trace. 
God-left, adj. God -forsaken. 
Godrate, adj. cool, deliberate. 
Godrately, adv. coolly. 
Godsend, n. used in Orkney and Shetland : 

a shipwreck ; flotsam and jetsam coming 



G-od's-penny 2 

ashore ; a drove of ' ca'in whales ; ' => boat- 
fare. 

God's-penny, n. earnest-money, ' arles. ' 

God's truth, n. the very truth. 

Goer-bye, n. a passer-by. 

GoflF, ». a fool, simpleton. 

Goffish, adj. foolish. Cf. Goatish. 

Gog, n. the mark aimed at in playing quoits, &c. 

Gogar, n. whey boiled with a little oatmeal, 
as food. 

Gogar-worm, n. a worm of serrated form used 
as bait in fishing. 

Gogge, v. to blindfold. 

Goggie, adj. elegantly dressed. 

Goggle, n. in pi. the eyes, especially when 
protruding ; spectacles ; blinds applied to 
horses that are apt to be scared. 

Goggle-eyes, «. spectacles ; goggles worn by 
stone-breakers. 

Goglet, Goglet-pot, n. a small pot with a 
long handle. 

Gohams, «. bent pieces of wood on each side 
of a horse to support panniers, ' hames. ' 

Go-harvest, Goe-hairBt, -harst, ». the latter 
end of summer ; the time from the end of 
harvest till the beginning of winter. 

Goit, n. a young unfledged bird. 

Goitling, 11. a ' goit. ' 

Goke-a-day, int. excl. of wonder and satis- 
faction. 

Gokman, n. a sentinel. Cf. Gockmin. 

Golach, n. a beetle ; an earwig ; a centipede. 

Golaichie, Golaigh, n. a low, short-legged 
hen ; a low, short-legged woman. 

Golden-crest, -cuttie, n. the gold-crest. 

Golden-grass, n. the seed of the crested dog's- 
tail grass. 

Golden-maw, ». the glaucous gull. 

Golden-wren, n. the gold-crest. 

Golder, n. a shout. — v. to shout. Cf. Gollar, 
Guller. 

Gold-foolyie, n. leaf-gold. 

Goldie, n. the goldfinch ; the ladybird ; a 
cow of a light -yellow colour ; the yellow 
gurnard. 

Goldie-duck, n. the golden -eye. 

Gold-spink, n. the goldfinch. Cf. Gowd- 
spink. 

Goles, n. the corn-marigold. Cf. Gool. 

Goles, n. disguised form of ' God,' used in 
petty oaths. Cf. Golly. 

Golinger, n. a contemptuous term ; a cheat. 
Cf. Gileynour. 

Golk, n. the cuckoo ; a fool. Cf. Gowk. 

Gollan, n. the marsh- marigold; the common 
daisy. Cf. Gowan. 

Gollar, Goller, v. to emit a gurgling sound ; 
to speak indistinctly and loudly ; to bark 
violently; to growl. — n. a gurgling sound; 
a shout ; a fierce bark. Cf! Gulder. 



o Gontrum-niddles 

Gollering, «. a gurgling sound, as of an animal 

being strangled. 
Gollersome, adj. passionate ; boisterous. 
Golley, v. to bawl. Cf. Golly. 
Gollie, n. bawling. Cf. Golly. 
Gollies, v. to scold. 
Gollimer, n. one who eats greedily. 
Golling, n. a method of trenching moss to 

produce new soil. 
Gollop, v. to gulp ; to swallow hastily. 
Golly, «. a disguised form of ' God,' used in 

petty oaths. Cf. Goles. 
Golly, v. to bawl at the top of the voice, 

make a loud noise ; to burst into loud 

weeping. — n. a barking or bawling noise. 

Cf. Gollie, Gollies. 
Goloch, n. an earwig. 
Golore, n. plenty. Cf. Galore. 
Goloshin, Goloshan, m. a stupid fellow ; a 

ninny ; the name of a character in a 

' Hogmanay ' masque. Cf. Galatians. 
Gomach, n. a fool. Cf. Gommoch. 
Gome, Gom, v. to pay attention to. Cf. 

Goam. 
Gomer, n. coursing term, used of a greyhound 

or a hare. 
Gomeril, n. a gambrel. 
Gomeril, Gomeral, GommeraL ». a fool, 

blockhead. — adj. half-witted, stupid. 
Gomf, n. a fool, or one who wishes to seem 

so. Cf. Gump, Gumphie. 
Gommoch, n. a fool, idiot, simpleton. 
Gomrell, n. a stupid fellow. Cf. Gomeril. 
Gone, ppl. adj. of a woman : pregnant ; thin, 

wasted. — adv. ago, since. — conj. since. 
Gone-away-land, phr. Hades. 
Gone a week, month, &c, phr. a week, 

month, &c.,.ago. 
Gone corbie, n. a dead man. 
Gone man, n. a man who is ' done for.' 
Goner, Gonner, n. «. mouth disease in cattle ; 

a pig's snout. 
Goner, n. a person in bad health and not 

likely to recover. 
Gonial, n. a large, ill-shaped person ; a stupid 

fellow ; flesh of a sheep fit for food, though 

not killed by the knife of a butcher. 
Gonial-blast, n. a great storm in January 1794, 

in the south of Scotland, destroying many 

sheep. 
Gonk, v. to disappoint ; to jilt. — n. a dis- 
appointment, jilt. Cf. Gunk, Begunk. 
Gonsir, n. a big, stupid, clumsy person. Cf. 

Gunsar. 
Gonterniblioks, n. gladness. 
Gonterniehs, int. an excl. 
Gonterns, Gontrans, Gontrins, Gontrum, int. 

an excl. of joyous admiration. 
Gontrum-niddles, int. an exclamation of 

joy, &c. 



Gonyell 



221 



Gorie 



Gonyell, n. a large, ill-shaped person ; a 

stupid fellow. Cf. Gonial. 
Goo, n. the gull ; a fool. — v. to seduce, allure. 

Cf. Gow. 
tGoo, n. taste, relish, liking, gusto ; odour, 

smell. 
Goo, v. used of infants : to coo. 
Good, adj. large; long; of good birth. — n. 

wealth, substance ; in //. cattle, sheep ; 

smuggled articles. — v. to manure. Cf. 

Gude. 
Good cheap, adj. cheap. — adv. cheaply, gratis. 
Good dame, n. a grandmother. 
Good deed, n. a benefaction, a. gift. 
Goodin, n. manure ; manuring. 
Goodly, adj. godly, religious. — adv. well, con- 
veniently. 
Goodly-neighbour, n. a fairy. 
Goodman, n. the head of a house or family ; 

a husband ; a manager, chief, overseer, 

head-gaoler ; a tenant-farmer ; a small pro- 
prietor farming his own land ; a name for 

the devil ; with the, a child's name for God. 

Cf. Gudeman. 
Good neighbour, n. a fairy, a brownie. 
Good-place, n. a child's name for heaven. 
Goodsir, n. a grandfather. 
Goodwife, n. the mistress of a house, a wife ; 

a landlady of an inn ; a female farmer, a 

farmer's wife. Cf. Gudewife. 
Good-willer, n. a well-wisher. 
Good-willie, adj. wishing well. 
Goody, n. an old woman ; a child's name for 

a sweet. 
Goog, n. an unfledged bird ; the young of 

animals ; soft young meat. 
Googg, n. a large, open, festering sore ; a 

heavy cloud. 
Gook, n. the cuckoo ; a simpleton. 
Gool, v. to howl.— «. a howl. Cf. Gowl. 
Gool, Goold, n. the corn-marigold. 
Goold, n. gold. — adj. golden. 
Gooldie, n. the goldfinch. Cf. Goldie. 
Gool-fittit, adj. used of fowls : having yellow 

legs and feet. 
Goolie, n. a large knife. — v. to cut. Cf. Gully. 
Gool-riding, «. an old custom of riding 

through a parish to watch against the 

growth of ' gools. ' 
Goon, n. a gown. 
Goonie, n. a child's night-dress. 
Goor, n. broken ice and half-melted snow in 

a thaw. — v. used of streams : to become 

choked with masses of ice and snow in a 

thaw. 
Goose, v. to iron linen clothes ; to use a 

tailor's goose ; to smooth. — n. a large stone 

used in curling. 
Goose-cleavers, n. the catch -weed or cleavers. 
Goose-corn, n. wild oat or field brome-grass. 



Goose-dub, n. a goose-pond. 

Goose-ee, re. a blind, stupid eye. 

Goose-girse, n. the soft brome-grass ; the 
rough brome-grass. 

Goose-pan, n. a pan for stewing a goose ; the 
largest pot or pan used in cooking. 

Goose-pear, n. a kind of pear. 

Goose-seam, -same, n. goose-grease. 

Goose-wings, re. the peculiar appearance which 
the foresail and mainsail of a schooner- 
rigged vessel assume when it is running 
before the wind, these sails being then 
spread to opposite sides. 

Goosey-weasen, n. a goose's neck ; a person's 
long neck. 

Goosing-iron, n. a tailor's 'goose,' a flat-iron. 

Goosy, n. a call to swine ; a young sow. Cf. 
Gussie. 

Gootar, n. a trench, drain. Cf. Gutter. 

Gope, v. to palpitate ; to pulse. Cf. Goup. 

Gopin, n. a hand with the fingers touching the 
root of the thumb ; a handful. Cf. Gowpen. 

Gor, int. an excl. or oath. Cf. Gore. 

Gorachen, ». hard work. 

Goravich, n. uproar. Cf. Galravitch. 

Gorb, n. an unfledged bird. 

Gorb, adj. greedy, voracious. 

Gorbal, Gorbel, n. an unfledged bird. 

Gorbie, n. a raven. Cf. Corbie. 

Gorbit, Gorbet, n. a newly-hatched bird ; a 
child. 

Gorbie, v. to eat greedily ; to swallow vora- 
ciously. Cf. Gorb. 

Gorblet, n. an unfledged bird ; a child. 

Gorblet-hair, n. the down of unfledged birds. 

Gorblin, ». an unfledged bird ; anything very 
young and bare. 

Gor-, Gore-crow, n. the carrion crow. 

Gord, v. used of running water, &c. : to stop, 
be pent up. Cf. Gourd. 

tGorded, fpl. adj. frosted over ; covered with 
crystallizations ; benumbed. Cf. Gourd. 

Gordlin, n. a nestling, an unfledged bird. 
Cf. Gorblin. 

Gore, re. hardened rheum from the eyes ; the 
eye. Cf. Gaar. 

Gore, int. a disguised form of ' God,' used in 
exclamations and oaths. 

Gore, n. a strip of land at the side of a field ; 
a strip of cloth. — v. to plough the 'gores' 
of a field. Cf. Gair. 

Gore-pate, int. an excl. Cf. Gore, Gorr. 

Gorfy, adj. coarse in appearance. 

Gorge, v. to squeak ; to make a squelching 
sound, as when one walks with shoes full 
of water. Cf. Girg. 
Gorgetches, n. a calf s pluck ; the heart, liver, 

and lights. 
Gorie, int. a disguised form of ' God,' used in 
expletives. 



Gorkie 



Gouk 



Gorkie, adj. nauseous, disgusting. 

Gorl, v. to surround the thatch of a stack with 

straw ropes. Cf. Girl. 
Gorlin, n. a neckcloth. 
Gorlin, Gorlan, adj. bare, unfledged. — n. a 

nestling, unfledged bird. Cf. Goarling. 
Gorlm-hair, n. the down of an unfledged 

bird. Cf. Goarling-hair. 
Gorlins, n. a ram's testicles. 
Gonnaw, n. the cormorant ; a greedy person, 

a glutton. 
Gorr, int. an excl. or oath. Cf. Gore. 
Goiroch, Gorrach, v. to mix and spoil 

porridge ; to imbed in mire ; to spoil, 

bungle. — n. anything dirty and sticky ; a 

sloppy mess, mud ; a bungle, ' hash ' ; a 

bungler ; an untidy, slovenly worker. 
Gorsh, int. an excl. or oath. Cf. Gosh. 
Gorsk, n. strong, rank grass. — v. used of 

grass : to grow in luxuriant patches through 

cattle-droppings. Cf. Gosk. 
Gorsy, adj. furze-clad. 
Gort, n. a gout of blood, &c. 
Gos, «. the goshawk. Cf. Goss. 
Gosh, Goshie, int. a disguised form of 'God,' 

used in expletives. Cf. Gweeshie. 
Goshen, Goshins, int. ' gosh ! ' 
Gosk, n. chickweed. 
Gosk, n. strong, rank grass. — v. used of grass : 

to grow in luxuriant tufts. 
Gosky, adj. rank, coarse ; luxuriant ; used of 

animals : large in size, but feeble. 
Goslin, n, an unfledged bird ; a fool. 
Gospel-greedy, adj. fond of attending church. 
Gospel-hearer, n. a church -attender. 
Gospel-hearted, adj. truly pious. 
Gospel-kail, n. evangelical preaching. 
Gospel-lad, n. a Covenanter. 
Gospel-minister, n. an evangelical minister. 
Goss, ». a silly, good-natured man ; a mean, 

griping person. 
Goss, n. a 'gossip,' an intimate. 
Goss,