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Full text of "The annals of the parishes of St. Olave Hart Street and Allhallows Staining, in the city of London. Ecclesiastically united, A.D. 1870"

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THE ANNALS OF THE PARISHES OF 

ST. OLAVE HART STREET 

AND 

ALLH ALLOWS STAINING, 

IN THE CITY OF LONDON. 




INTEKIOK OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET 1894. 



THE ANNALS OF THE PARISHES OF 



ST. OLAVE HART STREET 



AND 



ALLHALLOWS STAINING, 



IN THE CITY OF LONDON. 



ECCLESIASTICALLY UNITED, A.D. 1870. 



BY THE 



REV. ALFRED PpVAH, D.D., 

Rector of the United Parishes, and Rural Dean of the East City. 



bonbon : 

BLADES, EAST & BLADES, 23, Abchhrch Lane, E.G. 

SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, HAMILTON, KENT & Co., Ld., 4, Stationers' Haix Court, E.C. 

1894. 

A 



London : 

blades, East &■ Ulades, 

Trinters, 

2^, Abchiirch Lane, E.C. 



TQ THE PARISHIONERS OF 

ST. olAve's hart street 

AND 
ALLHALLOWS' STAINING 

THIS VOLUME 

IS DEDICATED, 

IN GRATEFUL ACKNOWLEDGMENT 

OF MANY YEARS OF PERSONAL KINDNESS, 

BY 
THEIR FAITHFUL FRIEND AND RECTOR, 

ALFRED POVAH. 



THE PREFACE 




URING my long connection with the Parishes of St. Olave 
Hart Street and Allhallows Staining, with the former 
Parish since the close of i860, with the latter since 
April, 1870, when the two were ecclesiastically united by 
an Order of Her Majesty in Council, it has been my 
desire to give to the world a history of these City Parishes. This desire 
is at length accomplished, and in the following pages will be found that 
which I have entitled " The Annals of the Parishes of St. Olave Hart 
Street and Allhallows Staining." 

To avoid the difficulty arising from two contiguous Parishes having 
many points of resemblance, and of the second part of the work becoming 
a mere repetition mutatis mutandis of the first, not only is greater 
prominence given to the Parish of St. Olave, but under the head of 
Allhallows Staining those particulars are enlarged upon in which this 
Parish presents features of special interest. These mainly consist in the 
peculiar history of the Benefice, which underwent every possible change, 
except that of becoming a Vicarage, and in the Churchwardens' Books, 
which date from 1491, and with the exception of a few years, form a 
Parish Chronicle of four centuries. In the archives of St. Olave's will 
be found no documents of equal value ; the earliest Poor Rate Book 



xii THE PREFACE. 

bears date 1647 ; the Minutes of the Vestry and the Churchwardens' 
Accounts are not earlier than the beginning of the last century, 1706-7. 
On the other hand, the Registers of St. Olave Hart Street date from 1563; 
while those of Allhallows Staining have no entry prior to 1642, and at 
times are very defective. That St. Olave's Hart Street may well claim 
the fuller treatment will, I think, be admitted on several grounds, e.g., the 
survival of its Parish Church, one of the eight remaining London Churches 
that escaped the Great Fire ; the historic site of the monastery of the 
Crutched Friars, afterwards the site of the Navy Office ; the Trinity 
House on Tower Hill, the general Lighthouse authority for England and 
Wales ; and the great interest which attaches to the Parish in which Pepys 
resided during almost the whole time comprised in his Diary, and " to our 
owne church," with which in life and in death he was intimately associated. 

The authorities consulted in the preparation of this work, in addition 
to the Parish Records, are too numerous to be here mentioned in detail. 
Stow's " Survey of London " holds the first place. The first edition was 
published in 1598, the second in 1603, in the author's lifetime; various 
editions followed, among which special mention must be made of the edition 
of the Survey, in two folio volumes, by John Strype, published in 1720, 
and re-edited in 1754 and 1755. In 1842, William J. Thoms, F.S.A., 
produced an edition of the text of Stow, which, as being fairly accessible, 
is commonly referred to in this work, except where fuller details 
recommended Strype's edition. To Newcourt's Repertorium, published 
in 1708, I am much indebted. Newcourt was Registrar of the Bishop of 
London's Registry from 1669 to 1696, and his work, founded on official 
documents preserved in the Registry, is of very great value to anyone 
writing the history of a London parish. 

The Diary by Samuel Pepys is largely quoted, and in particular, 
his account of the Plague, contained in numerous passages, from his first 
allusion to it 30th April, 1665, till ist March, 1666, is presented in chap, xii, 



THE PREFACE. xiii 

I think for the first time, as a connected whole. Among modern writers, 
I am under special obligation to Mr. T. H. Riley, whose "Memorials" 
from the City Records are invaluable ; to Dr. Sharpe (a grandson, I 
may observe, of the Rev. Lancelot Sharpe, during 50 years Rector of 
Allhallows Staining), whose " Calendar of Wills proved and enrolled in the 
Court of Husting, London, from 1258 to 1688," is a rich mine for the explorer 
of London life during those four centuries ; to the Rev.W. J. Loftie, F.S. A., 
who has described for us London in its successive stages of growth ; and 
to Mr. Henry B. Wheatley, whose work, founded upon Cunningham's 
" London Past and Present," won for him a reputation, which his new 
edition of Pepys's Diary will still further establish. 

I should wish to record my obligations to all who have helped 
me in the compilation of this work. Among those who have passed away 
from us, I desire to mention my old friend, the Rev. Thomas Hugo, F.S. A., 
one of the ablest antiquaries and archaeologists of his day, and a kindred 
spirit, Mr. George Corner, F.S. A. ; and also a gentleman with whom I 
spent many hours in the perusal of our Parish Registers, Colonel Joseph 
L. Chester, editor of "The Registers and MSS. of Westminster Abbey." 

To all who in recent years have lightened my labours, I must 
tender my warmest acknowledgments, especially to the Rev. W. Sparrow 
Simpson, D.D., F.S.A., Sub-Dean of St. Paul's; the Rev. W^ H. Milman, 
Minor Canon of St. Paul's, and Librarian of Sion College ; Mr. Charles 
Welch, F.S. A., Librarian to the Corporation of the City of London ; 
Mr. J. Watney, Clerk to the Mercers' Company, formerly Vestry Clerk 
of Allhallows Staining, who kindly offered me his copious extracts from 
the records of this Parish ; Mr. J. Challenor Smith, of the Probate 
Registry, who generously placed at my disposal his notes, illustrative of 
Newcourt's Repertorium ; Sir J. Parker Deane, Vicar-General of the 
Province of Canterbury, and Mr. J. Gaspard Fanshawe, of Parslowes, 
both descendants of " notable names " connected with St. Olave's ; 

A* 



xiv THE PREFACE. 

Mr. Edwin Freshfield, junior, F.S.A., for the illustration of our com- 
munion plate ; Mr. J. G. Bradford, in reference to heraldry and the 
Pedigree sketches ; and, lastly, the Rev. H. C. White, formerly chaplain 
at Paris, and more recently my fellow-labourer, for valuable suggestions 
and assistance in preparing this work for the press. 

A. P. 

St. Olave's Hart Street, 
London, E.G., 

2ist November, 18^4. 




TABLE OF CONTENTS, 



CHAPTER I.— THE PARISH. 

Earliest recorded allusion to the Parish, 128^. Sioiv's description of the Parish bounds, !SgS. Hart Street, 
Mark Lane, jnentioned in 1277. Seething Lane. Crutched Friars' Monastery, izgS. Detailed statement of 
present area of Parish of St. Olave, p. 6. City Wards: — St. Olave's in the Tower and Aldgate Wards, 
Allhallows' Staining in Aldgate and Langbourn. Population of St. Olave's : the resident, 2j6 ; the business, 
3,384^ Antiquities discovered since iSjg. pp. 1-12. 

CHAPTER II.— THE PARISH CHURCH. 

Dimensions of the Church. St. Olave's and seven other surviving London churches that escaped the Fire in 1666. 
Difficulty of tracing the history of old London Parishes further back than the 13th century. Domesday 
Survey, 1086. No London Church specified in it. The Court of Husting, London ; Calendar of Wills from 
J2j8. Mediceval Chroniclers and Monastic writers. The Fires of 1087 and 1136. Mention of the Parish 
Church in 1303, 1313 and 1328. A church at York dedicated to St. Olaf in or before lo^^. London 
Churclus dedicated to St. Olave (Olaf). Sketch of life of Olaf (ggs- 1030). The present Parish Church 
was btiilt mainly by Richard and Robert Cely, ^'principal builders," about 14S0. Description of the 
architecture. Condition of the Church in 1632. Account of repairs and restorations from 1661 to tSgi. 

pp. 13-38. 



CHAPTER III.— THE CHURCH FURNITURE. 

The Com?nunion Table. The Reredos in 1708. Present Reredos. Recent gifts to the Church : Font, Screen, 
Pulpit, Organs abolished in 1644. Pepys's intention in 1667 to present an Organ to St, Olave's. Present 
Organ built by Samuel Green, 1783. The Communion Plate. The Bells. The Clock. Sword Stands, 
detailed description of four in St. Olave's Church. The Churchyards and the principal Gateway. 

PP- 39-S2- 

CHAPTER IV.— THE PRE-REFORMATION PERIOD. 

Interior of St. Olave's Church pi-ior to the Reformation. Altars or Chapels mentioned in Wills. Trade 
Fraternities or Guilds, predecessors of the City Companies. Fifteenth century gifts to the Church ; donors, 
Fermer, Bosard, and Corston. Chantries. Sir Richard Haddon's Chantry Bequest, IJ^S- Chantiy 
Certificates in the Recoid Office. Detailed list of Church goods ; Parish of St. Olave's, as certified by the 
Churchwardens of St. Olave's at the Guildhall in ISS^- Ritual of a Funeral at St. Olave's in 1337, " A 
paire of Organes " alluded to in 1308 and 1332. pp. 33-62. 

A* 2 



xvi CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER v.— THE BRASSES. 

Short account, principally from "Stow," of ancient Monuments no longer existing in the Church, Memorials 
still existing. The Brasses:-!. Sir Richard Haildon, about 1324- H- Jo'"'- ""^ ^'^y"^ Orgone, 1JS4. 
III. George Schrader, 1605. IV. Sir Andrew Kiccard, 1672. V. Thomas Morley, ij66. PP- 63-74. 

CHAPTER VI.— MARBLE MONUMENTS. 

Monuments :-i. Sir James Deane. 2. Susan Lynn. 3. William Turner, M.D. , Dean of Wells. 4- P'tir Turtur, 
M.D. J. Sir John Mennes [Minns]. 6. Lady Anne Radcliffe. 7. Alderman fefferie Kerby. 8. Jane 
Humberstone. 9. John James. 10. Ludolph de Werder. 11. Elizabeth Pepys. 12. Andrew and Paul 
Bayning. 13. William Mills. 14. Peter Cappone. ij. Sir John Radcliffe. 16. Thomas Debuke. 
17. Tobias Wall. iS. Christopher James Elsenhaimer. ig. Sir Andretu Riccard. pp. 75-99- 

CHAPTER VII.— MARBLE MONUMENTS. 

I. Samuel Pepys. Unveiling of Pepys's Monument on i8th March, 1884. Address by the Hotwurable J. 
Russell Lowell. 2. The Heraldic Wittdow in North Aisle. 3. Rev. David Laing. 4. David Robertson. 
S. Peter Pari Trovers. 6. Rev. John Manley Wood. 7. Richard Jackson. 8. Robert a,id Jane Tulloch. 
9. Rev. Joseph Hutchinson Barber, jo. John Highlord. 11. Edward Henry Jones. 12. Edward Kendall 
Jones. 13. John Relph, M.D. 14. Rev. John Letts. /J-. Sir William Ogborne. 16. John Grenside. 
17. Mary Travers. 18. Admiral Hardy man. ig. Stevens Dinelv Totton. 20. Elizabeth Gore. 21. Rev. 
H. Butts Owen, D.D. 22. Ralph Bradley. 23. John Watts, President of the Council of New York. 
24. John Letts. PP- 100-120. 

CHAPTER VIII.— LEDGER STONES, Etc. MONUMENTS FROM 
ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

/. The Ledger stones in the Church, names thereon: — Henry Butts Owen, Daniel Mills, John Beare, Ann 
Russell, John Sansom, Ann Chitty, J. H. B., John Neiuton, Henry Davy, Elizabeth Willis, 
a. Inscriptions in the Churchyard. 3. Fifteen Momtments removed from Allhallows' Staining to St. Olave's 
in 1869-70, viz. , 1 . Emma Charlton. 2. William Frithe. 3. Alice Farewell. 4. Mary Bnuley. J. Rev. 
John Tancred. 6. Rev. William Hollaiui. 7. Rev. Daniel Fogg, D.D. 8. Thomas Potter. 9. Walter 
Ray. 10. Hugh Ingram. 11. Monkhouse Davison. 12. John Thistlewood. 13. Alexander Smyth. 
14. Jane Mary Sharpe. 1$. Rev. Lancelot Sharpe. Wooden tablet recording benefaction of Mary Benam 
[Baynham], 1377. pp. 121-137. 

CHAPTER IX.— THE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. 

Parish Registers, sketch showing their origin. Bishop KennetCs advice regarding Registers to the clergy of 
Peterboro' Diocese. The Registers of St. Olave^s from 136^ ; 13 volumes. Summary of Entries, T363-1893. 
The Baptismal Register. Some of the principal names mentioned in it : Sir Paul Bayning, Sir Philip 
Sidney, Devereiix Earl of Essex, Sir Henry Bo%iyer, Sir Henry Baker, Sir Thomas Savage, Sir Robert 
Knollys, William Fanshawe, Ann Harrison, aftcitoards Lady Fanshawe, Sir John Wolstcnholme, 
Sir Andrew Riccard, Sir Denny Ashburnham , Sir Anthony Deane, Sir William Buck, Sir John Narborough, 
Sir Thomas Pope Blunt, Sir William Booth, Jeffery Amherst, Sir ]Villiam Gore, Admiral Sir Cloudesley 
Shovell, Dr. Richard Meade, Sir John Heathcotc, and Sir William St. Quintin. pp. 13S-161. 



CONTENTS. xvii 

CHAPTER X.— THE MARRIAGE REGISTER. 

The Marriage Register. Some of the principal names in it. The Ven. John Parker, Archdeacon of Ely. 
Sir Harry Weston, Edward Buckeivoode, George Fleetiuood, Sir Richard Bingham, Edmund Verney, 
Sir John Poynt, Sir Thomas Hunt, Sir Henry Boiuyer, Sir Stephen Thornhurst, Sir Arthur Harris, 
William Fansha'tve, Sir John Suckling, Sir Robert Knollys, John Ayliffe, Edward Dacres, John 
Heath, Thomas Pope Blunt, Sir Charles Peers. pp. i62-iji. 

CHAPTER XI.— THE BURIAL REGISTER. 

The Burial Register. Some of the principal names : Thomas Morley, Dr. Turner, Dean of Wells, Sir John 
Radcliffe, Mary Benam \_Baynham\ Elizabeth Bayning, Lady Sidney, Dr. Hector, Dr. Barron, Augustine 
Bassano, Sir James Deane, Lord Ltimley, Andrew Bayning, Sir William Ryder, Peter Turner, Christopher 
James Elsenhaimer, Paul Bayning, Sir Thomas Glover, Alice Hull, Viscount Stidbury, Jefferie Kerby, 
Rev. John Simpson, Viscount Savage, Sir John Wolstenholme, Alderman John Highlord, Rev. Abraham 
Hane \^Hayne\, Dr. Gibbons, RezK John Frost, George Penn, Mary Ramsey, Sir William Batten, Elizabeth 
Pepys, Sir John Mennes \_Minns'\, Sir Andrew Riccard, John Pepys, Lady Ann Deane, Rev. Datiiel Mills, 
Sir Robert Knightley, Samuel Peyps [Pepys'} and Elizabeth Boulter. pp. iy2-igj. 

CHAPTER XII.— THE PLAGUE. 

The three great Plagues of 1349, ^361, and ijdg, specified in the Landsdowne MSS. The Plagues of i^oj 
and 1S17. Prior to i66j, the Burial Register of St. Olave's supplies evidence of five visitations of the 
Plague, viz., in 1^63, 1J78, IS93-, ^603 and 1623. The Plague of j66j-6. The first fatal case in 
St. Olave's parish, July 24th, Mary Ramsey. Pepys'' s Account of the Plague, passages from his Diary, 
April 30th, i66j to March ist, 1666. pp. 194.-21 S. 

CHAPTER XIII.— THE ACCOUNT AND MINUTE BOOKS. 

Collections for various objects made in St. Olave^s Church, 1642-1707. Collections by ** Orders of Warrante.'" 
Royal Briefs. A Brief for rebuilding St. Patifs Cathedral, 4th April, 1680. The Vestry Minute Books, 
1707-1819: Orders relating to Pews; the Churchyards ; the Poor aiui Parish Workhouse ; the Afternoon 
Lecttireship ; office of Churchwarden, Fines on refusing to serve ; the custody of the keys of chests containing 
Communion Plate or Parish Deeds ; Levies of men for the Navy ; Poor Rate ; Miscellaneous. Poor Rate 
Books 1647-1699. Deeds of Parish Estates ; Disposition of Lord Bayning's property, 1629; also, that 
of his Son in 1638. pp. 216-238. 

CHAPTER XIV.— THE ADVOWSON. CITY TITHES. 

The advowson of the benefice of St. Olave's. Names of former owners. Lady de Nevyll, Richard Cely, Lord 
Windsor, Sir Andrew Riccard. Sir Andrew's gift of the advoivson to the parish. — The advowson is now 
vested in Nine Trustees elected by the Vestry. Erection and endowment of St. Olave's, Alile End New 
Town, in /87J. Explanation regarding the error " the Rectory of St. Olave Hart Street with St. Nicholas 
ad Macellas." City Tithes: in 1228 a charge of 3s. 4d. in the £1 on the rental of houses, shops, etc.: 
in 1S46, 37 Henry VLII, Cap. 12, a chaige of 2s. gd. in the £1, Till 1794, the tithes of St. Olave's were 
tinder £300 a year. At the beginning of the present century. Dr. Butts Owen applied more strictly the 
provisions of 37 Henry VIII, Cap. 12. This matter definitely settled by the London (City) Tithes Act, 1864. 

pp. 239-248. 



xviii CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER XV.— RECTORS OF ST. OLAVE'S, HART STREET. 

List of Rectors of St. Olave's since the year i^ig. Further details concerning some of these, and length of 
their tenure, viz.: i. John Bosard, ijgS-14.04 ; 2. Richard Rawson, ISIO-IS'S ; 3. John Johnson, 
iS30-^JJ7 ; 4- John Simpson, 1S90-1633 ; 5. John Frost, i6jj-i6jy ; 6. Daniel Mills, i6$y-i68g; 
7. Henry Otven, iy6o-i7<p4 ; 8. H. Butts Omen, I'jg4-i8jl ; g. John Letts, 1838-1857 ; 10. David Laing, 
1857-1860. pp- 249-261. 

CHAPTER XVI.— NOTABLE NAMES CONNECTED WITH THE PARISH. 

Memoirs of: — /. William Turner, M.D. ( isio?-is68) ; Dean of Wells in Edward the Sixths reign; displaced 
in reign of Queen Mary ; replaced on the accession of Queen Elizabeth ; Theologian and Botanist ; the 
" Nexo HerbalV the earliest scientific work on Botany by an English writer. 2. Sir James Deane 
( 1J4J -1608) successful merchant ; his bequests aiul benefactions. 3. Sir John Mennes {Minns'] Vice-Admiral 
f" Hypothalassiarcha," see Monument, p. 81) ; Chief Comptroller of the Navy ; Master of the Trinity House 
Corporation ; Poet. 4. Samuel -Pepys (i6jj-iyoj) Clerk of the Acts, 1660 ; became a parishioner of 
St. Olave's, lyth fitly, 1660; Secretary to the Admiralty, i6yj ; Master of the Trinity House 1676 and 1683 ; 
Master of the Clothworkers' Company, i6tj ; President of the Royal Society, 1684; Diarist; some details 
concerning Pepys and his Diary ; the period comprised in the Diary ; the history of the shorthaiui MS. ; 
diverse pronunciations of the name Pepys. pp. 262-276. 

CHAPTER XVII.— THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS, PARISH OF ST. OLAVE, 

HART STREET. 

The principal buildings and the historic sites : — /. The Trinity House ; Guild or Corporation of Mariners formed 
at Deptford in IS'4 1 formerly connected with the Royal Navy ; now, the general Lighthouse authority for 
England and Wales ; present century legislation (1836 and iSjj) affecting the Trinity Corporation; the 
important functions the Trinity Corporation discharges, some details of its practical work in present day. 
Trinity Monday at St. Olave's. The present Trinity House on Tower Hill ; Pepys aiul Evelyn and the 
Trinity House. Names of the 24 Elder Brethren, 1894. 2. Sir Richard Whittington's Palace, Hart Street. 
J. The Monastery of the Crutched Friars " Fratres Sanctic Crucis " ; attempted secession in 135c), the Kin^s 
aid invoked ; Rules of two Fraternities that were connected with the Monastery Church. 4. The Milbourne 
Almshouses. 5. The Navy Office, i6s6-j-j86, on the site where the Crossed Friars Monastery had before stood. 
6. The Old Navy Office in Mark Lane. 7. Crutched Friars. 8. Mark Lane; the Corn Exchanges, 
g. The London ami Blaclnvall Railway. 10. London and Tilbury Railway Station in John Street, Crutched 
Priars. pp, 2^8-298. 

CHAPTER XVIIL — THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS, PARISH OF 
ALLHALLOWS STAINING. 

The Clothworkers' Hall. The present Hall in Mincing Lane inaugurated by the Prince Consort in 1S60. King 
James I made a member of the Clothworkers' Company in 1607. Guild of Telarii, 1436. The Guild of 
Fullers incorporated, 14S0. The Guild of Shcermen incorporn/cd, /30S. Fusion of the Guilds of Fullers and 
Sheermen in the Corporation of Clothworkers, iSth January, 1328. Liberal aid to Technical Education given 
during the last 23 years by the Clothworkers' Company to—i. The Yorkshire College of Science ; 2. The 
City and Guilds of London Institute. Mincing Lane, origin of the name. Fenchurch Street, supposed 
origin of 'he name. King Henry the Eighth's Head Tavern. Visit of the Pnncess Elisabeth in 1334. 7 he 
Ironmongers' Hall, Fenchurch Street ; the Company of Ironmongers incorporated in 1464. The Liber 
Horn MS., 1301. The Book of Orders for the Companie, J4g8. " Loans ami Benevolences " in 1323. Tlu 



CONTENTS. xix 

present Hall in Penchurch Street, built in 174S. The Company s revenue. £6joo per annum from the 
Betton Trust in aid of Church of England Schools. Annual subsidy to the City and Guilds of London 
Institute. The Elephant Tavern, Fenchurch Street, tradition concerning paintings formerly on its 
walls, said to hax'e been by Hogarth. Billiter Street and Billitcr Square. pp. 2gg-jT4. 



CHAPTER XIX.— ALLHALLOWS STAINING. THE PARISH, PARISH 
CHURCH AND THE ADVOWSON. 

T/te dedication Allhallo^os equivalent in meaning to All Saitits, Suggested explanation why neighbouring London 
parishes have the same dedication. The adptnct ''■ Staining" thought to signify that Allhalloius ivas one 
of the earliest City churches built of stone. Parish of AllhalloT.vs Staining mentioned in a Will proved 
in 1281. Conjecture as to the age of the parish. Collapse of the church fabric, except the Tower, in i6ji. 
Rebuilt in 1674. The church of Allhallows was taken down in iSyo. Advowson of the benefice. The 
Advawson belonged to the De Waltham family in 133S ; the benefice was given to a Monastery in Ij6'/ ; 
devolved to the Crown in Jjsg ; became a " perpetual curacy" ; was made a donative by James I in 160'/. 
Hugh Barcroft, owner, 1620-1662, his idea of a donative. Ultimately the patronage belonged to the Company 
of Grocers. Endo'wment of Allhallo^us' Staining under I^ondon (City) Tithes Act, 1864, £1,600 per anmcm. 
Particulars of three churches built and endowed by the Grocers' Company out of finds accruing from 
Allhallows' Staining. pp. 31J-324. 

CHAPTER XX.— ANCIENT MONUMENTS. THE CHURCHYARD. 

THE CRYPT. 

Ancient jnonuments formerly in the church of Allhallows Stai7iing ; particulars given by Stow hi 1603, Munday 
in i6jj, and Strype iti i'j20. The Churchyard in Star Alley, Mark Lane. Three Gravestones left 
in position in iSyj ; inscriptions : i. Joseph Barker, 17 g6 ; 2. Maty Ann Clabon, i82g ; 3. Jane Mary 
Sharpe, 1823, and Rev. Lancelot Sharpe, Rector of Allhallows, iSji. Crypt to the south of the Tower 
of Allhallo7vs' church formed of materials transferred from Lambe's Chapel, Monkwell Street. Two Brasses : 
Weldott, i^gS ; Bestney, i6og, removed fro7n Lambe's Chapel to Crypt, Allhallows' Staining in 1872 ; 
transferred to St. Olave's Church in iSg^. pp. 82^-332. 



CHAPTER XXI.— THE REGISTER. 

An account of the Register of the parish of Allhallows Staining. The Rev. John Rose completed, in I7g4, his 
postittg of entries of Baptisms, i7io-J7g4. His explanatory notes. The Statute of i6g^ granting to the 
Crown for five years certain rates and duties on marriages, births, and burials. A few details of the 
rates umier this Act, List of the 14. volumes of the Register of Atlhalloivs Staining. Extracts from 
the Register of Baptisms : — A. Jacob, E. Trench, J. Ash, T. Russell, J. Button, S. Smith, H. Frith, 
H. Goode, A. Lethieullier, E. Wolstenholme, C. Bradley, M. Harvey, H. Bristow. The Register of 
Marriages : — i'. More, F. Hawford, TV. Ashton, J. Lyboune, Earl of Londonderry, Sir Cloudesley Shovell, 
J. England, J. Chaplin, Sir John Shaw, Lord Arundell, Rev. T. Eyre, Sir Berkley Lucy, T. Lutwyche, 
Rev. D. Fogg, Sir John Cordell^ H. Farmer, Dr. G. Wharton, W. Lo^vfeild, Sir Thomas Lee. The 
Register of Burials : — E, Ashe, M. Harrison, Rev. T. Fitch, Rev. T. Lake, A. Winne, Sir Thomas Adams, 
T. Bewly, Dr. E. Trench, M. Chute, Rev. William Holland, Captain G. Talbutt, T. Gill, S. Morgan, 
Dr. Rolph, Rev, Daniel Fogg, D,D. pp, 333-347- 



XX CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER XXII.— THE BENEFICE AND INCUMBENTS OF ALLHALLOWS, 

1329 to 1866. 

The Parish of AUhallmvs Staining had Rectors till i^d-j^from 136^ to ij^g the benefice belonged by 
" appropriation " 10 the Cistercian Abbey of Grace on Little Toiver Hill. Statutes passed in i^gi and 
1402 touching the appropriation of benefices to Monasteries. During ^J years, 1361-1402, and possibly 
for longer, the cure was served by Monks of the Abbey of Grace in priests orders. The neighbouring Church 
of St. Botolph, Aldgate, was served by Canons of the Holy Trinity Monastery till 1^31. After the 
Reformation, the benefice of Allhallows Staining became a •'■perpetual curacy." Made a Donative by 
Royal grant, 4 James I (j6oy). List of Incumbents of Allhallows from IS2<) to 1866, Value of the benefice 
in IS22, (i.e. as a perpetual curacy, deducting the rectorial tithe) £10, given in Bishop TunstalCs valuation ; 
full value in 1548, £22 14s. lod., specified in a Chantry Certificate. The rectorial tithe paid to the Abbey of 
Grace till iJS9i '"'"^ estimated at £8 yearly (Dugdale, Court of Aug. ) pp. S48-JJ6. 

CHAPTER XXIIL— THE CHURCHWARDENS' BOOKS. 

The Churchwardens' Books from yth year of Henry VI [. The six oldest Books. Five altars in the Church 
of Allhallows (iS'S)- Changes and counter-changes in ritual during the reigns of A'ing Edward the 
Sixth and Queen Mary. Extracts from Churchwardens' Books, I4gi to 1^97- Payments made in 14^2-3. 
Silver Cross for the high altar. Tabernacles made for 3 altars. Superaltars (3). Two Fraternities were 
associated with this church ; one of Our Lady, the other of St. Katherine and St. George. Expenses in 
connection with " Corpus Christi " day. The prices of Bibles, Books of Common Prayer, Homilies, the 
Paraphrase of Erasmus, in the i6th century. Hock Monday. St. Nicholas' Day 6th December. The 
ritual changes tnade in the first year of Queen Mary's reign ( ISS3'''SS4) '> the re-building of the high 
altar in Allhallaius' Church. Summary description of four of the Churchwardens' Books, viz., the three 
narrow folios and the folio called the thick book. These books should be of value to the student of past 
thases of London life. pp, 3JJ-372. 

Appendix 375-418. For "Contents of Appendix," see p. 374. 




LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



HER MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY THE 
QUEEN, per R. Holmes, Esq., F.S.A., 
The Royal Library, Windsor Castle. 

The Lord Bishop of London (Dr. Temple). 

The Corporation of London, per Charles 
Welch, Esq., P\S.A., Guildhall Library. 

The Corporation of Trinity House. 

The Worshipful Companyof Clothworkers. 

The Worshipful Company of Fishmongers. 
(Large paper.) 

The Worshipful Company of Grocers, per 
R. V. Somers-Smith, Esq., Grocers' Hall. 

The Worshipful Company of Ironmongers. 

(Large paper.)- 
The Worshipful Company of Merchant 

Taylors. 
Science and Art Department, South 

Kensington. 

E. G.Abrahams, Esq., 5, Northumberland Alley, 

Fenchurch Street. 
John Aste, Esq., Rosslea, South Norwood 

Hill, S.E. 
Thos. F. Aukland, Esq., Lloyd's. 

George Baker, Esq., 66, Mark Lane. (Large 

paper.) 
Mrs. Banning, 34, Penywern Road, Earl's Court. 
Mrs. Barber, s.Westlands Rd., Balham (2 cops.). 
E. Jackson Barron, Esq., F.S.A., 55, Lincoln's 

Inn Fields. 



B Bates, Esq., Clothworkers' Hall. (Large 
paper.) 

Battersea Public Library, per Lawrence 
Inkster, Esq., Librarian. 

Rev. W. Benham, B.D., F.S.A., Rector of St. 
Edmund the King, and Hon. Canon of 
Canterbury (2 copies). 

J. N. Bishop, Esq., 13, Coopers'. Row, Tower 
Hill. (Large paper.) 

R. H. Blades, Esq., F.R.G.S., The Firs, Wor- 
cester Road, Sutton, Surrey. 

Sir A. W. Blomfield, A.RA., 28, Montagu 
Square, W. 

Rev. J. M. S. Brooke, F.R.G.S., Rector of 
St. Mary Woolnoth. 

George Burt, Esq., 37, Grosvenor Road, 
Westminster. 

Rev. A. J. Carver, D.D., Hon. Canon of 
Rochester, Lynnhurst, Streatham Common. 

Edward Chapman, Esq., 57, Fore Street, 

Cripplegate. 
Jno. W. Chipchase, Esq., 49, Approach Road, 

Victoria Park. 

Robert Clark, Esq., "Church View," 10, 
Palmerston Road, Walthamstow. 

Henry V. Clements, Esq., Churchwarden of 
AUhallows Staining, 7, Mark Lane. (Large 
paper.) 

Bryan Corcoran, Esq., 31, Mark Lane, E.C. 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



Stephen Darby, Esq., Cookham Dean, 

Maidenhead. (Large paper.) 
G. S. Dare, Esq., S, Creed Lane, Ludgate Hill. 

Messrs. Davison, Newman & Co, 57, Fen- 
church Street. 

J. C. Dawson, Esq., Churchwarden of All- 
hallows' Staining, 19, Mark Lane. 

Sir J. Parker Deane, Q.C, D.C.L , The Vicar 
General, 16, Westbourne Terrace, Hyde 
Park. (Large paper.) 

Dr. Walter Dickson, R.N., 32, Belvedere 
Road, Upper Norwood. 

Sir Joseph C. Dimsdale, Alderman of Cornhill 
Ward, 50, Cornhill. 

Mrs. T. W. Elliott, 26, Tavistock Square. 
(Large paper.) 

W. O. Forrester, Esq., 43, Hans Place, 
Chelsea. (Large paper.) 

Sir Reginald Hanson, Bart., M.P., LL.D., 
F.S.A., Alderman of Billingsgate Ward. 

C. E. H. Chadwvck-Healey, Esq., Q.C., 
119, Harley Street. (Large paper.) 

F. R. H. Heawood, Esq., 11, Savage Gardens, 
Tower Hill. (2 copies.) 

Messrs. R. & J. Hewetson, i, Catherine Court, 
Tower Hill. 

W. Neave Hill, Esq., 89, Queen's Gate, S.W. 

Robert Honey, Esq., 5, Trinity Square, Tower 
Hill. 

Robert Hovenden, Esq., F.S.A., Heathcote, 
Park Hill Road, Croydon. (Large paper.) 

W. C. H. Hunt, Esq., Churchwarden of 
St. Olave's, Hart Street, Brewers' Quay. 

Rev. A. J. Ingram, Rector of St. Margaret, 
Lothbury, and Prebendary of Lincoln. 

James Innes, Esq., J.P., Roffey Park, Horsham. 

Messrs. Irvine, Hodges & Borrowman, The 
Rectory, 8, Hart Street, Mark Lane. 

Francis James, Esq., F.S.A., 190, Cromwell 
Road, S.W. 



Richard Jehu, Esq., 33, Mark Lane. (Large 
paper.) 

W. J. Johnston, Esq., C.C, 10, Hart Street, 
Mark Lane. 

C. C. Jones, Esq., 89, Chancery Lane. 

James S. Kingdon, Esq., 34, Bedford Row. 
(Large paper.) 

Sir Stuart Knill, Bart., LL.D., Alderman of 
the Ward of Bridge Within, Lord Mayor 
1892-3. (Large paper.) 

R. A. Laing, Esq., 14, Mincing Lane, E.C. 

Lieut.-Col. George Lambert, F.S.A., 10, 
Coventry Street, W. 

Charles Fell Lancaster, Esq., Silverdale, 
Vale of Health, Hampstead. (Large paper.) 

I. H. Lloyd, Esq., 6, Lime Street, E.C. 

Samuel Lupton, Esq., 10, Savage Gardens, 
Tower Hill. 

Geo. W. Marshall, Esq., LL.D., F.S.x^., 
Rouge Croix, Heralds' College. 

Charles T. Marzetti, Esq., 9, John Street, 
Minories. 

Rev. A. J. Mason, D.D., Vicar of Allhallows, 
Barking, and Hon. Canon of Canterbury. 

Rev. A. R. Maddison, M.A., F.S.A., Vicar's 
Court, Lincoln. 

Rev. W. H. MiLMAN, Rector of St. Augustine's, 
Minor Canon of St. Paul's, and Librarian 
of Sion College. 

Edward Nash, Esq, M.A., LL.B., F.S.A., 
Merchant Taylors' Hall. 

H, J. Newman, Esq., M.A., Churchwarden of 
St. Olave's Hart Street, 27, Crutched 
Friars. (Large paper.) 

John Norhukv, Esq., 5, Throgmorton Street. 

E, Norman, Esq., 68, Lombard Street. 

Philip Norman, Esq., F.SA., Evelyn Gardens, 
South Kensington, S.W. 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



Rev. John Noyes, M.A., Rector of Allhallows, 
Bromley-by-Bow, E. 

Wyatt Papworth, Esq., Curator of Sir John 
Soane's Museum. 

Major J. Roper Parkington, F.R.G.S., 24, 
Crutched Friars. 

R. W. Parker, Esq., Vestry Clerk of St. Olave's, 
Hart Street, 3, New London Street. 

Henry Pfungst, Esq., F.S.A., 23, Crutched 

Friars. 
Messrs. J. L. Pfungst & Co., 23, Crutched Friars. 
Sir Henry Peek, Eastcheap. 

Theophilus Pitt, Esq., A.K.C., F.G.S., 
143, Minories. 

John Pound, Esq., J.P., Alderman of Aldgate 

Ward. 
Edwin H. Povah, Esq., Detroit, Michigan, 

U.S.A. (Large paper.) 

Frederick G. A. Povah, Esq., 15, Gilston 
Road, South Kensington. (Large paper.) 

John Povah, Esq., 30, Castellain Road, Maida 
Vale. (Large paper.) 

Sir Walter S. Prideaux, Goldsmiths' Hall, 
Foster Lane. 

A. Purssell, Esq., g, Belsize Grove, N.W. 

H. Scott Ritchie, Esq., 25, Crutched Friars. 

J. T. Ritchie, Esq., Alderman of Tower Ward, 
6, Lime Street. 

Charles Robert Rivington, Esq., F.S.A., 
I, Fenchurch Buildings. 

Sir Owen Roberts, D.C.L., F.S.A., Cloth- 
workers' Hall, Mincing Lane. (Large paper.) 

S. Wilson B. Row, Esq., 21, Highbury Hill. 

Sir Joseph Savory, Bart., M.P., Alderman of 
Langbourn Ward. 

J. E. Shearman, Esq., M.A., 10, Idol Lane 
(2 copies). 

J. T. Smith, Esq., F.S.L, The Dale, Tatton 
Park, Knutsford. (2 copies, large paper). 

H. H. W. Sparham, Esq., M.A., 27, Crutched 
Friars. (Large paper.) 



Rev. W. Sparrow Simpson, D.D.,F.S. A., Rector 
of St. Vedast and Sub.-Dean of St. Paul's. 

Chas. E. Smith, Esq., C.C, 11, Jewry Street. 
(2 copies ) 

J. Challenor Smith, Esq., Chief Probate 
Registry, Somerset House. 

E. Russell Thompson, Esq., Trinity Bonded 
Warehouses, Coopers' Row, Tower Hill. 

John A. Tilleard, Esq., Vestry Clerk of 
Allhallows Staining, 4, Lombard Court. 

Jno. W. Trist, Esq., F.S.A., F.S.L, 62, Old 
Broad Street. 

Sir George R. Tyler, Bart., Alderman of 
Queenhithe, Lord Mayor 1893-4. 

George Unwin, Esq., 27, Pilgrim Street, Lud- 
gate Hill. (Large paper.) 

William J. Verry, Esq., 41, Seething Lane. 
(Large paper.) 

Dr. C. Rotheram Walker, Gainsboro' House, 
Leytonstone. 

John Watney, Esq., F.S.A., Mercers' Hall, 
Cheapside. (Large paper.) 

Percy H. Watts, Esq., i, Oakley Villas, 
Howard Street, Bedford. 

H. R. Williams, Esq., J. P., 6, Lime Street. 

M. F. Woodley, Esq., 31, Cambridge Square, 
Hyde Park. 

Sir Albert Woods, Garter, K.C.M.G., C.B., 
F.S.A., Heralds' College. 

Mrs. Woolcott, The Trinity House, Tower Hill. 

Leonard Wrightson, Esq., Trinity Ware- 
houses, Coopers' Row, Tower Hill. 

Howard Young, Esq., LL.B., 29, Mark Lane. 

Percy Young, Esq., 60, Mark Lane. 

Sidney Young, Esq., F.S.A. , 15, Alwyne Road, 
Canonbury. (Large paper.) 

T. Pallisfer Young, Esq., B.A., LL.B., 29, 
Mark Lane. (2 copies, one large). 

Thos. Young, Esq., 29, Mark Lane. 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



THE PARISH 




CHAPTER 1. 

Earliest recorded allusion to the Parish, 1284. Stow's description of the Parish bounds, 1598. 
Hart Street. Mark Lane, mentioned in I2y/. Seething Lane. Crutched Friars' Afonastery, 
I2g8. Detailed statement of present area of Parish of St. Olave, p. 6. City Wards .- — 
St. Olave's in the Tower and Aldgate Wards, Allhallows' Staining in Aldgate and 
Langbourn. Population of St. Olave's : the resident, 236 ; the business, 3,384. Antiquities 
discovered since l8^g. 

HE Parish of St. Olave Hart Street, is designated in our 
earliest Registers, a.d. 1563, as St. Olave in Hartestreete. 
In common with the parishes of Allhallows Barking and St. 
Dunstan in the East, it was in older records known as "iux 
turrim," or "juxta turrim," i.e., "next or towards the Tower" of London. 
It is so described, and this is the earliest document in which I have found 
the Parish mentioned, in the will of Henry Le Botiner,' proved in the Court 
of Husting, A.D. 1283-4, i" which he leaves to Agnes, his sister, for life, four 
houses towards Woderovelane,^ in the Parish of St. Olave towards the 
Tower, with remainder to Geoffrey, her son, his heirs and assigns. 

After the founding of the monastery of the Crutched Friars, about 
1298, the Parish was usually styled "iux domu fratru ordinis see cruc," 

' "Calendar of Wills Proved and Enrolled in the Court of Husting, London, edited by R. R. Sharpe, 
D.C.L., 1889 and 1891. Part i, 1258-1358; part ii, 1358-1688." This work is referred to when wills in 
that Court are mentioned. It should be noted that P. C. C.=Prerogative Court of Canterbury ; Hust.=the 
Court of Husting ; Comm. Ct.=the Commissary Court ; test, refers to a person's will, and the date marks the 
year in which it was proved. 

''See also p. 16, the Will of Theobald le Hurer, no date, but proved 1303. Hust. 

B 



2 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

"beside the house of the Brethren of the Holy Cross," as in the will of 
Henry Wymond, woolmonger, proved 19th May, 1349,' directing tene- 
ments in the Parish to be sold for pious and charitable uses. In the will, 
however, of Robert Motun,' year 1320, St. Olave's is described as being 
near Martelane ; while in that of William Wyngefeld,' year 1418, the 
phrase is in Martelane. 

"Olave," it may be observed, was usually written Olaf, but "Olouf," 
occurs in Elyas Le Toundor's will, 1316-17;= and, Thomas Miller, fuller, 
1507-8,' bequeaths the reversion of a quit rent issuing from a tenement in 
Martlane in the parish of St. Oloffes for pious uses in the parish church. 

The following is Stow's description of the parish bounds in the year 
1598. " Now for the limits and bounds of the Parish, they go on from the 
Church West, and turning downe on the East side of Mart-lane crosse the 
way over to Sir Henry Bakers house, and so go up on the West side, till 
turning into Hart-street they goe on into Sydon-lane so farre as their 
marke standeth, on the house of Sir Nicholas Salter, joyning to theirs of 
Barking Parish. Then they goe over on the west side, and so passe downe 
Crochet Friers to Tower hill, to the further part of the Lady Lumleys 
garden wall, and the backe gate of the foresaid Sir Nicholas, where 
turning backe to Porters house, and going on northward they goe into 
an Alley, which guideth them to the north end of Master Covels garden, 
and there they fix their marke by theirs of Barking, on London Wall. 

"So returning againe, they goe up towards Aldgate on the East side, 
so far as directly against the signe of the Cocke, returning backe on the 
West side, to the pumpe in Crochet Friers and then to the place where 
they began." 3 

Those who know the parish will appreciate the accuracy with which 
this brief survey of it is made. Stow naturally starts from the Church in 
Hart Street, and, perhaps it may be thought that this should have been the 
starting point of our work, and that, in order of precedence, the subjects 
of chapters i and ii should have changed places. There is no doubt 

' P.C.C, 43. March. M-Iust. 

"The " Survey of London," begun by Slow, 1598, enl.irgeil by A.M. [Anthony Miinday], 1618, finished by 
A.M., H.D. [Henry Dyson], &c., this present year, 1633, p. 137a. Stow's Survey, 1598, edited by W. J. Thorns, 
1842, is the edition referred to throughout this book, except where otherwise specially stated. 



THE PARISH. 3 

something to be said for this view, but the terrain existed before the 
Parish Church, and also the street upon which on its eastern side the 
church abuts, viz., Seething Lane, for it was through following the line 
of the street, that this church, and, for a similar reason, others in 
the City, came to be built askew. We have evidence, too, of a period 
prior to the erection of a Christian temple in the discovery, some thirty 
years ago, in the immediate neighbourhood, of relics known as the Deze 
Matronae, indicating probably the site of a Roman shrine, sacellum, upon 
which more will be said in the latter part of this chapter. For these 
reasons, then, I give, rather reluctantly, the Parish the precedence. 

Hart Street now consists of a very few houses ; originally, however, 
it extended eastward as far as a well' in the middle of the highway at the 
west or lower end of Jewry Street. The earliest references to Hart Street 
that I have found are in Atte Welle's will,^ 1352, where it is spelt 
Herthstrete, and in Tromy's,^ 1463, Hertstrete also called Smythen-strete, 
but I have not met with another instance of this latter name. There 
is an old tradition in the parish, that Hart Street stands for Heart Street. 
This popular opinion is by some thought to be sup- 
ported by the existence of four old pewter alms-basons 
engraved with S.O.S. and a heart in the centre. 




A few yards to the west of the Church is 
Mark Lane, a corruption of Mart Lane, so called 
from having originally enjoyed the privilege of holding 
a market there, and, though this privilege has long 
since been abolished, Mark Lane is still the centre of the corn trade. Very 
early mention of this street occurs in a Coroner's Roll of the fourth year of 
Edward \, 1276-7, when inquisition was made as to one Richard de Parys, 
chaloner,-* lying dead in the house of Roger le Chaloner, in Marte lane, and, 
no doubt in the parish of St. Olave ; for the death occurred in the Ward= of 
William de Hadestok, i.e., Tower, and " good men of that Ward " and of 
Langbourn and Aldgate Wards were summoned to the inquest. Had it 

'This well is referred in Bur. Reg., August 9th, 1564, see chapter xi. ^Hust. ^P.C.C. 

'Maker of chalons (whence "shalloons"), used for blankets. 

*Tower Ward, each Ward being then usually called after its Alderman. 

P 3 



4 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

happened in Barking or St. Dunstan's — a part of Mark Lane is in either 
of these parishes — then "good men" of other wards, Billingsgate, &c., 
would have been on the jury. See Riley's ''Memorials of London, from 
the Early Archives of the City of London, I2'j6-i^ig" page 9. 

The next reference to Martelane and to a parishioner with the name 
of his house, is in 131 1, when Peter de Blakeney directs his tenement called 
Blakelofte, on the west side of Martelane' towards the Tower, and another 
on the east side of the same street to be devoted to the maintenance of a 
chantry in Berkyngcherch.^ An extract, too, is given by Mr. Riley from the 
will of one Robert Jober, 1369, who left his two sons a rental of 25^-. lo^d. 
from a certain tenement in Martelane. 

As the principal buildings in the Parish are described in chapter 
xvii, we need not now tarry longer in Mark Lane, but shall retrace our 
steps with Stow, and "goe on into Sydon Lane" as he calls it. It is 
doubtful whether that was the name from which Seething Lane, as he 
conjectures, was derived, but it appears for the first time in the City records, 
1 28 1, under the name Sieuthenestrate or Suiethenstrate. 

Ten years afterwards, i.e., in 1291, " Le Gode"^ (Gunnilda called) 
left to Alice, her daughter, and John, her son, her tenement in the parish 
of St. Olave, in a street called Sivendestret. Also, 2 Edw. II, 1309, 
John de Lue, a knight, departing for the Holy Land appears before the 
Chamberlain, making disposition of a rent of forty shillings per annum from 
houses and a tenement in Syuethenelane, with power of attorney to 
Elizabeth, his dear partner.'* 

Passing over seventy-one years from the last reference, we have an 
interesting entry, with another variety of the name, viz., Syuendenlane. 
It is a grant of leave, 5 Richard II, 1381, to one Sir Robert Knolles 
and Constance his wife, to build a hautpas^ 14 feet high, from their 
house on the west side of the lane, to another belonging to them on the 
east side, beyond the land of Syuendenlane, in the parish of All Hallows 
Berkyngchirche, they rendering yearly to the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, 

■ Historical Com : g"'- Rep. p. 46a "la BlaUcIofte " and " Martel Lane." 

'Allhallows, Barking. 'Hygt. 'compa^te. 

'Oi half ace, a room or floor raised on pillars underneath, and extending into the street, 



THE PARISH. S 

on behalf of the commonalty, one red rose at the Feast of St. John the 
Baptist (24th June), called the Nativity.' This must have been an ancestor 
of the Sir Robert KnoUys who was a witness to the baptism of the Earl 
of Essex, afterwards the Parliamentary General; and from the references in 
our registers to several members of the Knollys family, I infer that some 
part of the residence of Sir Robert KnoUes was in our parish. Sir Francis 
Walsingham, the Earl of Essex, and " Sir John Allen, sometime mayor 
of London, and of council unto King Henry VIII," also resided in this 
lane, and Samuel Pepys in the Navy Office, during most of the period, 
1 660- 1 669, comprised in the Diary. In 1720 "it was a place of no great 
account,"^ and now, although "Mark Lane Station" (really Seething 
Lane) causes it to be much frequented, its name, I believe, is very little 
known. It rejoices, however, in two churches of historical interest— All 
Hallows Barking, and St. Olave. 

We return, then, to " Crochet Friars," as Stow terms it, so called after 
the building of the great monastery, but previously known as Hart Street. 
We learn of this change of name from a will proved at the beginning of 
the fourteenth century, when tenements were described as in the parish 
of St. Olave and near the Brethren of the Holy Cross by the Tower, e.g.: 
1315,3 Cecilia de la More, test., and again in the next century, 1410-11,^ 
Mendeham, test. A tenement in Crutched Friars is minutely described 
in 1386, as a brewery kept by John at Cok on the Hop,"* adjoining the 
monastery of the Brethren of the Holy Cross. Of this we should 
probably never have known, had not one Thomas Stokes been charged 
with marking, when he had no right, there and at other houses, barrels 
full of ale, with a mark called " arewede," ^ saying that they were for the 
royal household, and with falsely receiving sums of money. Poor Stokes 
pleaded guilty, and was put upon the pillory for one hour of the day. It 
is an amusing piece of police news of five hundred years ago. 

Stow takes us, in his rapid survey next to Tower Hill, i.e., along 
what is now Crutched Friars, as far as Coopers' Row, formerly called 

' Riley's " Memorials," p. 453. ^Strype. ^Hust. 

* "At Cock on the Hoop," the sign of the house. Riley's " Memorials," p. 89. 

* Arrow-head, the government mark still. 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



Woodroffe Lane (already referred to as Woderovelane, in a.d. 1283-4), 
then the only entrance to "Great Tower Hill." The boundaries of the 
parish to the West being noted, " Lady Lumley's garden-wall, etc., and 
eastward our mark on London Wall"; "returning againe they goe up 
towards Aldgate," along what is now the north-east end of Crutched 
Friars, and a part of Jewry Street, but what was "in the olden time" 
Poor Jewry Lane, with scarcely any houses on the side next the City 
wall, but with a few cottages on the west side inhabited by poor Jews. 

In Stow's Itinerary, the furthest point eastward, towards Aldgate, 
was "directly against the sign of the Cocke," at the corner of George 
Street and Jewry Street, and not far from the " Cok on the Hop." 

In 1286,' Robert de Coryngham left to his daughters, shops, etc., 
in the parish of St. Olave towards Alegate, near Cristemerelond, and else- 
where, and to the conduit of Berkynke 2s. annual quitrent of shops in the 
said parish. I am unable, however, to throw much light upon the locale 

referred to, except that it must have been 
in or near Poor Jewry Lane. 

At the present time, within the 
limits of the Parish, are Hart Street, New 
London Street, a part of the London 
and Blackwall Railway Station and rail- 
way, the whole of Crutched Friars (with 
French Horn Yard and French Ordinary 
Court), part of the East and West India 
Dock Company's warehouses in Crutched 
Friars and Seething Lane, part of what 
was the site of the Company's ware- 
houses = on the north side of Crutched 
Friars as far as the west side of North- 
umberland Alley; Jewry Street to the 
corner of George Street ; John Street, N-- 1-9, on the north side, and 
on the south from the Fenchurch Street Railway Station (so called) to 
the back of America Square ; Coopers' Row ; the Trinity H 

Hust. = The land is now waste. 




11 RI, IKINITY SQUARE. 



ouse; Savage 



&0 






^ 

? 



^ 



"^ 



s 
a 



&? 






!% 
^ 




?flirig 



THE PARISH. 



Gardens; N°- 5, Trinity Square; and N°- i, Muscovy Court. In Mark 
Lane, on the east side, the Parish comprises part of the Corn Exchange 
(Old and New), with the houses to the north as far as Hart Street ; 
and on the west side, it extends northward from N°- 34 to the Commercial 
Sale Rooms. 

It is considerably larger than most of the parishes in the City, being 
eleven acres in extent, and the irregular form of the parish is indicated by 
the number of boundary marks, ninety-six in all, the two earliest of which 
are dated 1708. The perambulation takes place at Ascensiontide, every 
third year, as is customary in the City. 

As we are describing the boundaries of the Parish, it may be 
well to speak of its municipal limits, and, to prevent repetition under 
this head, to here 
include the parish of 
Allhallows Staining, 
which was united, for 
ecclesiastical purposes 
with St. Olave's in 
1870. 

The greater 
part of the parish of 
St. Olave is in the 
Ward of Aldgate, but 
the Church is situ- 
ated in the Ward of 
Tower, while Allhal- 
lows' Staining forms 
a part of Langbourn and Aldgate. The reason for this overlapping 
is that the division of the City into wards, somewhat resembling that 
of the county into hundreds, runs back as far as Anglo-Saxon times, 
and preceded the division into parishes. With one exception, therefore, 
that of Bassishaw (originally Bassieshawe, the ward of the Bassies), 
where the Parish of St. Michael is coterminous with the ward, the 
parochial are quite independent of the municipal boundaries. So it is 




JOHN STREET, MINORIES. 



8 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFE'S HART STREET. 

with our two united Parishes. St. Olave's is included in Tower Ward, and 
Aldgate, and Allhallows' Staining in Langbourn and Aldgate. Of these 
three Wards, Tower Ward, the first of the wards mentioned by Stow, takes 
its name, of course, from the Royal fortress, the Tower of London ; 
though it was always a matter of great debate whether the fortress 
itself was within the City, till the 13 James I, when it became necessary 
to decide upon the place where the murderers of Sir Thomas Overbury 
should be tried, and it was then finally adjudged what portion of the 
Tower was within the City of London, and what was without the City 
of London. Tower Ward is of considerable extent, being bounded on the 
north by Fenchurch Street, on the south by the Thames, on the east 
by Tower Hill, and on the west by Billingsgate. It returns eight 
Members of the Court of Common Council. The Alderman is James 
Thompson Ritchie, Esq., elected in 1891, upon the death of Henry Gray, 
Esq., who had succeeded Alderman Finnis. 

The Ward of Aldgate, the second ward described by Stow, is also 
one of the larger wards, and returns eight Members of the Court of 
Common Council. John Pound, Esq., Citizen and Leatherseller, was 
unanimously elected Alderman in 1892, in succession to Sir Andrew Lusk, 
Bart., an octogenarian, yet vigorous, then chosen Alderman of Bridge 
Without. 

Aldgate is commonly supposed to be identical with Old Gate, but 
Mr. Loftie states, that in a document at St. Paul's Cathedral, which must 
have been written before 11 15, the name is spelt Alegate.' The "d" was 
inserted from a mistaken notion, first by Stow, and after him by Stukeley, 
and the word was written Ealdgate. If this had ever been its name it 
would now be Oldgate, not Aldgate, just as Old Street, St. Luke's, was 
anciently Eald Street, the name which is still borne by a prebendal stall 
in St. Paul's.^ 

The general boundaries of the ward are Bevis Marks, and Duke's 
Place, Crutched Friars, the Minories, St. Mary Axe, and Lime Street. 

Langbourn Ward derives its name from "Langborne, so called of 
the long bourne of sweet water, which of old time breaking out into 

' Alegate=Allgate, i.e., gate for all, free of toll. 
'^See Loftie's " Historic Towns," London, p. 8i. 



THE PARISH. 9 

Fenchurch Street, ran clown the same street and Lombard Street to the 
west end of the Church of St. Mary Woohioth, where, turning south, and 
breaking into small shares, rills, or streams, it left the name of Share borne 
lane,' or Southborne Lane, as I have read, because it ran south to the river 
of Thames." Stow, p. 75. 

This Ward runs east and west from Lombard Street to Mark Lane. 
It returns nine members of the Court of Common Council, presided over 
by Sir Joseph Savory, Bart., M.P., Citizen and Goldsmith, elected Alder- 
man, 1883; Sheriff, 1882; Lord Mayor, 1890. His predecessor was Sir 
Sidney-Hedley Waterlow, Bart., Sheriff, 1866; Lord Mayor, 1872. 

The resident population in St. Olave's parish, according to the 
census of 1891, numbered 236. It consists for the most part of caretakers 
and their families, and has considerably decreased since the year 1801 ; 
but the parish has never, I think, had a large resident population, 
considering that it is eleven acres in extent. 

During the Plantagenet period, a fourth part of the City is said 
to have been occupied by ecclesiastical houses, and in St. Olave's, 
the great monastery of Crutched Friars must have covered a large part 
of the parish. Occasionally, too, we find gardens as well as messuages 
in our parish bequeathed in the wills of that time, e.g., St. Saviour, 
"courreour,"'' 1331,' left to his wife two messuages and a garden, 
in the parish of St. Olave, towards the Tower ; and Tromy, already 
quoted, directed that the fee simple of two tenements with a garden in 
Marclane should be conveyed to his sister Elizabeth. During the Tudor 
period we have clear proof that gardens were attached to the houses of 
the nobility, e.g., of the Earl of Northumberland, first in Crutched 
Friars, then in Fenchurch Street, at this end of the City ; and of their 
successors, the merchant princes. Lady Lumley's and Master Covel's 
gardens have been mentioned. The Decree 37 Henry VIII, touching 

' Now Sherborne Lane. "^VzV^-burne {scir, a share; scrir-anio divide) is the more likely etymology." 
H. B. Whealley. Bourne, borne, are forms of burn. "The primitive and prevailing sense of the Teutonic 
word is spring, fountain." Murray's New Diet. Sherborne Lane is described as Schittebourne lane, William 
Palmere, tapicer, test., 1348-9, Ilust. 

''See Ducange Glossary, vii, p. Il6b. Fr. Courreour, Corroyeur, and ii, p. S^Ja, Conreatores^qui pelles 
parant:=curriers. 

' Hust. 

C 



10 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFE'S HART STREET. 

the payment of Tithes, ss. xlv and xv, with its special regulations as to 
the gardens in the City, held for pleasure or for profit, containing half 
an acre or more, etc., shows how common they were and what ground 
they covered. Even as late as 1865 there was one house standing in 
Mark Lane,' with its courtyard and fountain in the centre; at the 
beginning of the century there were not a few similarly situated. All this 
implies that there was not a large population in proportion to the area. 

The earliest indication of a "census" of St. Olave's is to be found in 
the Chantry Certificate, No. 34, quoted on p. 58, chapter iv, in which it 
is stated that " ther is of Howselying' people w'in the seid pische the 
nomber of iiij*^xxxv."3 This was in the year 1552. A summary of the 
census returns of Allhallows Staining and St. Olave's, both of the number 
of houses and of the resident population, from 1801 to 1891 inclusive, is 
given in the Appendix. 

BUSINESS POPULATION OF ST. OLAVE'S. 

From a return published by the Parochial Trustees of St. Olave's 
Hart Street, for the purpose of pressing upon the Charity Commissioners 
(City of London Parochial Charities Act, 1883), the claims of the parish 
for consideration in respect of persons employed, though not resident 
therein (which, however, were unsuccessfully urged), it appears that there 
were 659 principals, 1,222 clerks, 1,503 servants or other employes — total 
3,384 persons. 

ANTIQUITIES DISCOVERED SINCE 1859. 

THE DE^ MATRON/E. — This curious piece of sculpture, to which 
reference has been made in this chapter, is a fragment of a group of 
three draped figures with baskets of fruit, and was discovered in 1859, 

' Occupied by the late George Voiing, Esq., also at that time of Apsley Towers, Isle of Wight. 
M-Iowselying=comniunicants. See Dr. Lee's Glossary. Also c/. " iin/iauseM, disappointed, unaneld." — 
" Hamlet," Act i, sc. 5. 

" So the Stately Queen abode 

For many a week, unknown among the nuns ; 

Nor with them mix'd, nor told her name, nor sought. 

Wrapt in her grief, for housel, or for shrift." 

Tennyson, Guinivcre. 
' In Allhallows' Staining the Chantry Cert, gives iiij^^xxiiij " Howselying people. 



ANTIQUITIES DISCOVERED SINCE 1859. u 

during excavations for a sewer in Hart Street among the debris of 
Roman buildings. These are usually taken to be figures of the Des 
Matres, or Matronse, part of a votive altar/ but an able paper was read 
before the London and Middlesex Archjeological Society, on March 12th, 
1866, in which it was suggested that they were impersonations of provinces, 
the baskets containing treasures — the tribute money of Roman times. 

Amongst other discoveries of relics in this parish, the most interesting 
is the portion of the ancient wall of London, which was brought to light in 
1864, in preparing for the erection of a warehouse in Coopers' Row for the 
firm of Messrs. Barber and Co., of Brewer's Quay. The length of this piece 
of wall is io6-ft. 6-in., the lower part, consisting of rubble, chalk and flints, is 
Roman, the upper part is mediaeval. A full account of this ancient wall is 
given in the Transactions of London and Middlesex Archaeological Society, 
vol. iii, p. 52. Mention should here be made of the discovery, while the 
same works were in progress, of large quantities of human bones, inter- 
mixed with clay pipes. These plague pipes, as they are called, were, it 
is supposed, used by persons burying such as died of the pestilence, and 
were thrown into a pit promiscuously. A few coins were found at the 
same time. 

A year or two before the last mentioned relics were discovered, the 
Trinity Bonded Tea Warehouses in Coopers' Row were erected on part of 
the site of the Crutched Friars' Monastery. It is not, therefore, surprising 
that antiquities of some interest were found in laying the foundations. 
From memoranda furnished by Mr. Wrightson, one of the firm for which 
the warehouses were built, it appears that at the back of the Trinity 
House the workmen came upon some Pilgrims' Bottles, engrained with 
the salts of the earth, beautiful in colour, green, blue, purple, etc. 

In 1 87 1, Roman and mediaeval antiquities were found in Mark 
Lane, consisting of figured Samian pottery and fragments of ancient 
glass. In 1882, during excavations at 20, Mark Lane, a number of 
fragments of alabaster sculptures, it is supposed of the fourteenth century, 
were unearthed, for the most part, representations of sacred subjects, and 
originally part of a shrine or a reredos. There are one or two figures 

' London and Middlesex Archseological Society, vol. i, p. 353. 

C 2 



12 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



in armour, and traces of colouring appear in some of the fragments. The 
most interesting are — I. A group of seven heads, representing Saints or 
Apostles; II. Burial group of mother and infant (illustrated); III. Seated 
figure of a man writing on a scroll ; IV. Figure of Our Lord (.'') holding a 
chalice in the left hand, the right being raised in an attitude of benediction ; 
V. Mailed figure of a knight in profile, upper portion only ; VI. The Virgin 
with aureole, supported by an angel, with representation of the first or 
second Person of the Blessed Trinity above. Traces of colouring appear 
on the hair of the Virgin. The collection belongs to Mr. T. Pallister 
Young, upper churchwarden of St. Olave's from 1888 to 1892. 




THE PARISH CHURCH. 



CHAPTER II. 

Dimensions of the Church. St. Olave's and Seven other surviving City Churches that escaped the 
Fire in 1666. Difficulty of tracing the history of old London parishes further back than the 
thirteenth century. Domesday Survey 1086. No London church specified in it. The Court 
of Hicsting, London ; Calendar of Wills from 12^8. Mediceval Chroniclers and Monastic 
writers. The Fires of io8y and 1136. Mention of the Parish Church in 130J, 131S, cmd 
1328. London Churches dedicated to St. Olave (Olaf). Sketch of life of Olaf gg^-1030. 
Present Parish Church built probably by Richard and Robert Cely, about 1430. Description 
of the architecture. Condition of the Church iti 1632. Account of repairs and restorations 
from 166 1 to i8gi. 

«^ 

HE Parish Church is one of the smallest in the City, being 

only fifty-four feet in length and the same in width ; 

the height is thirty-one feet : the height of the steeple 

is about one hundred and thirty-five feet. 

It is one of the few churches that escaped the Great Fire in 
1666, which destroyed no less than eighty-seven. The other survivals, 
now only seven in number, are i, Allhallows Barking; 2, St. Andrew 
Undershaft ; 3, St. Helen, and 4, St. Ethelburga, Bishopsgate ; 5, St. Giles, 
Cripplegate ; 6, St. Bartholomew-the-Great, Smithfield, and 7, the Dutch 
Church, formerly the nave of the church of the Austin Friars. 

It is extremely difficult to discover the exact time when old City 
parishes were formed, or when churches that afterwards became parish 
churches were built. The Domesday Survey of 1086 does not throw light 
on this matter. No London church is mentioned in Domesday Book. The 




14 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

object of the Domesday enquiry was to ascertain what property belonged to 
the Crown, and also to know the state and ownership of property throughout 
England, and the military resources of the nation. Apparently, the 
Commissioners had not explicit directions regarding churches, as this 
subject received different treatment in different counties. The record of 
churches for some counties is pretty full, for others meagre, and in the case 
of three counties it is nil. In all, a few more than 1,700 churches are 
mentioned in Domesday Book. Of these, three counties are credited with 
829, nearly one-half of the total number given; Lincolnshire had 222 
churches, Norfolk 243, Suffolk 364, whereas the return for Cambridgeshire 
mentions but one, while the Lancashire, Cornwall, and Middlesex returns do 
not specify a single church in any of these three counties. This variety of 
usage adopted by different Commissioners renders the Domesday Survey, 
in some counties, a defective guide in ecclesiastical matters. Sir H. Ellis 
writes : " The whole number of churches recorded in the Survey falls 
considerably under what there are grounds for concluding they must have 
amounted to, about or soon after the time of the Conquest." "In short, the 
Domesday Book cannot be decisively appealed to for the non-existence of 
parish churches in the age in which it was compiled." ' A great Monastic 
foundation was sure to find a chronicler who would record the rise of the 
House, and in the archives of the monastery itself, its privileges, pedigree 
and standing would receive abundant notice, but parish churches were in 
the beginning but humble wooden structures, and the erection of one of 
these, probably, attracted no greater attention than the building of a " chapel 
of ease " did in modern times, and, even if we imagine that in connection 
with the advowson of the living there was some written document from 
which the age of the parish could be determined, advowsons changed 
hands frequendy, owing to the fall of some families and the rise of others, 
and early documents fell a victim to some of the manifold accidents of 
time. Newcourt, who was Registrar of the London Registry in 1700, in 
his account of London churches, their rectors and patrons, is rarely able to 
discover any particulars of an earlier date than the thirteenth century. A 
Calendar of Wills, proved and enrolled in the Court of Husting, London 

' The Domesday Book, printed 1816, under the editorship of Sir H. Ellis, vol. iii, pp. xci-ii. 



THE PARISH CHURCH. 15 

has been recently published in two volumes, under the editorship of 
Dr. Reginald R. Sharpe, but the probate date of the earliest of these 
wills is 1258, and while Dr. Sharpe's valuable and useful volumes, by their 
allusions to City parishes, in many cases supply a date for a parish forty or 
fifty years earlier than that found in Newcourt's Repertorium, yet one cannot 
feel tolerably sure that a series beginning from 1258 supplies the date of 
an old City parish to within a century of its formation. " The enrollment 
of deeds in the Husting," writes Dr. Sharpe, "commences in 1252."' and 
this appears to be the earliest date at which any help can be obtained 
from the records contained in the City Archives. Were we in possession 
of a series of Wills dating from 1058 instead of 1258, the gap in the 
Domesday Survey of Middlesex regarding London churches could be 
bridged across by materials from this source. The Fires of 1087 and 
1 136 were doubtless the destroyers of many documents and records 
of old London. The first of these " swept over the whole City of 
London," and was estimated by Dean Milman to have been "almost 
as destructive as the last, in 1666."'' The Fire of 1136 broke out and 
burned from London Bridge to the Church of St. Clement Danes, 
" qui accensus fuit ad pontem. \Londoniaruin\ et perrexit ad ecclesiam 
Danorum." ^ If any peculiar accident or very strange occurrence happened 
in connection with a church, a writer of chronicles would perhaps hear 
of it, give it a passing notice, and thus supply a date ; or if the advowson 
of a church belonged to a monastery, a monastic chronicler would register 
this among the property of the monastery. For example, we learn from 
William of Malmesbury, that there was in 1091 a church on the site of 
St. Mary-le-Bow, Cheapside. A storm, on 17th October, 109 1, blew off 
the roof of St. Mary-le-Bow Church, and two men were killed by the falling 
pieces, tectum ecclesicB Sanctcs Marice qucs ''ad Arcus" dicitur pariter 
sublevavit, et duos homines ibi obruit.'^ 

Again, Walsingham, of St. Alban's Monastery, writing of the 
property of the monastery in the time of Paul, the fourteenth Abbot (1077 
to 1093), says that Abbot Paul exchanged with the Abbot of Westminster 

' Calendar of Wills, p. xxiv. ^Annals of St. Paul's Cathedral, p. 21. 

'Floras Historiarum, vol. ii, p. 58, edited by H. R. Luard, B.D. 

* Chronicles of William oJ Malmesbury, edited by William Stubbs, D.D., lib. iv, § 324. 



i6 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

the advowson of St. Alban's [Wood Street] London, for the advowson of 
another church, and that on the site of St. Alban's Church had formerly 
stood the Chapel of King Offa (757-795) founded by him and adjoining the 
Royal Palace,' If this evidence is accepted as decisive, St. Alban's, Wood 
Street, occupies one of the oldest church sites in London, King Ofifa having 
died in 795. 

If, then, a London church be not mentioned in the pages of a 
mediaeval chronicler, or in those of a writer of monastic records, I do not 
know of there being any available record, at present, which will carry the 
history of the parish further back than the thirteenth century. 

As far as I know, the advowson of St. Olave's Church never 
was monastic property. That of Allhallows' Staining was such at a 
comparatively late period, having been given in 1367 by Sudbury, Bishop 
to London, to the Cistercian Abbey of Grace, near the Tower. 

The earliest record that specifically mentions a Parish Church of 
St. Olave near the Tower, referring, of course, to an earlier structure than 
the present church, is in 1302-3, in which year Theobald Le Hurer" 
"leaves a tenement to Gunnilda, his wife, remainder to Cristina, his daughter, 
charged with maintaining a wax taper before the altar of St. Mary in the 
said parish church ; remainder in default of heirs to pious uses." 

In 1 315, Cecilia, late wife of Ralph de la More, or, atte More,^ 
leaves "tenements and rents in the parishes of St. Dunstan Est and 
St. Olave near the Brethren of the Holy Cross by the Tower, to be 
sold," for the same purpose ; and in 1328, Roger de Frouwyk,^ or Frowyk, 
goldsmith, leaves to Richard de Rammeseye all his houses opposite to the 
Church of St. Olave near the Tower,'' in tail. 

' Et plures ecclesise in Londoniis, quarum unius donationem, scilicet, Sancti Albani pro patronatu alterius, 
nescitur qua consideratione, Abbati Westmonasteriensi concessit. Fuit autem Capella Regis Offc, fundatoris ; 
cui fuit continuum suum regale palatium.— C«i/a Abbatwn Monasterii Satuti Albani a T/ioma Wahiitgham, 
ed. H. T. Riley, vol. i, p. 55. 

' Hust. Dr. Sharpe (in loco) refers to p. 97, " hurcr— a maker of ' hures ' or rough hairy caps." 
' Hust. The testament proclaimed and not reclaimed. 
' Hust. He appears to have made another will in the same year, leaving money for maintaining the fabric 
of the Church of St. Olave, and other churches, etc. See Historical Commission, 9th Report, p. 46b. 



THE PARISH CHURCH. 



17 



The earliest dates then relating to this parish or parish church 
that I have found, are, in a will proved in 1284 alluding to the parish of 
St. Olave, and in one of 1303, alluding to the church, but the position of this 
parish, its being near the Tower, on the western side of it, and lying between 
the Tower and the Royal Exchange, suggests an earlier date for its forma- 
tion as a parish, or, at least, for the erection of a church or chapel there, 




VIEW OF ST. OLAVE's, 1837, FROM SEETHING LANE. 

ecclesia aut capella, than the end of the thirteenth century. From the reign 
of William I London began to extend westward from the Tower, and with 
the increase of buildings and a thicker population dwelling in a small 
area, churches would be multiplied. There was a Scandinavian element in 
the England of the eleventh century, and reverence for King Olaf, the 
martyr and saint of a.d. 1030, quickly spread. Mr. Freeman states that 
Earl Siward erected at York, in or before 1055, a church in honour of 
St. Olaf, and Siward's body was buried there in 1055. "St. Olaf the 
martyred King of the Northmen had by this time become a favourite 

D 



1 8 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

object of reverence, especially among men of Scandinavian descent. In 
his honour Earl Siward had reared a church in a suburb of his capital 
called Galmanho, a church which, after the Norman Conquest, developed 
into that great Abbey of Saint Mary whose ruins form the most truly 
beautiful ornament of the northern metropolis." ' That a church was 
dedicated in London to St. Olaf, by men of Scandinavian descent, 
before the end of the eleventh century is very probable, and, associating 
together, as evidence in favour of an eleventh century origin, the circum- 
stances of the increase of the City westwards from the Tower, the locale of 
the parish, the growing reverence for St. Olaf, and the mixture of races 
existing in the City, I think it is not an untenable conjecture that at the 
time of the Domesday Survey in 1086, a rude, primitive church of wood 
dedicated to St. Olaf stood on the site in Hart Street. 

There were two other churches in the City of London dedicated to 
King Olaf the Martyr ; one in Silver Street, not re-built after the Great 
Fire, the other in Old Jewry, recently removed ;'' and, outside the City 
boundaries, St. Olave's church, in Tooley Street, Southwark, just below 
London Bridge. Among all the saints in the Norwegian calendar there 
was none so renowned as Olaf, and a short account of him, therefore, 
will not be without interest. Born in the year 995, of the race of 
Harald Fairhair, son of Harald Groenske, he was brought up in the 
family of his stepfather, Sigurd, a petty king in the south of Norway. 
At the age of three years he was baptized ; Olaf Tryggvason, King of 
Norway, standing as sponsor. On the fall of Olaf Tryggvason at the 
battle of Svolder, Sweyn, King of Denmark, became King of Norway, 
and Olaf Haraldson took to the sea. His biographer represents him 
as of middle height, of a robust frame, very skilful in all bodily exercises, 
in handling the bow, and throwing the spear, and, as starting on his 
first Viking cruise at the early age of twelve. In after years he espoused 
the cause of King Ethelred against the usurping Danes, and one of his most 
famous exploits must be here recorded, because it is said to account for the 
dedication of certain churches to his memory. The Danes held the bridge 

' History of the Norman Conquest in England, by E. A. Freeman, vol. ii, p. 375. 
■^The Tower is preserved, and now forms part of the Rectory House of the United Parishes of St. 
Margaret, Lothbury, etc. 



THE PARISH CHURCH. 19 

in London connecting the castle on the north side of the Thames (probably 
the site of the Tower of London) with the stronghold on the south side, 
South wark (Sudivirki). Here the Danes had raised a great work, and 
built a bulwark of stone, timber, and turf, which was manned by a large 
force. King Ethelred's forces made an ineffectual assault, but Olaf came at 
a critical moment to the rescue. The chronicler records that there was a 
bridge over the Thames so broad that two waggons could pass each other, 
and that Olaf and his men, having constructed pent-houses of planks over 
the ships' decks to withstand the missiles of the defenders of the bridge, 
rowed up till quite under the bridge, then fastened cables round the piles 
which supported it, and rowed their hardest down stream. The result was 
that the piles were loosened, gave way, and down fell the bridge, — very 
many of the Danish defenders upon it were precipitated into the river, the 
rest fled. Southwark was stormed and taken, London saved, and Ethelred 
restored to the throne. 

For three years Olaf remained in England, till, on the death of 
Ethelred, and the arrival of Canute the Great, he left the country, laden 
with booty. After a time he returned, but, being bidden in a dream to 
claim his Scandinavian kingdom, he coasted along till he reached Northum- 
berland, and then started with a well-armed band, in two merchant ships, 
on his adventurous voyage. In the end he accomplished his purpose, and 
obtained the crown of Norway, 1015. His mind was bent on uprooting 
heathenism and all old customs which he thought inconsistent with 
Christianity, and by promises, threats, and violence, he effected the nominal 
conversion of the country. In his mode of dealing with his people he fol- 
lowed the example of Olaf Tryggvason, of whom Thjodrik Munk says, "he 
imitated his Master, who poured wine as well as oil into the wounds of 
the traveller, and obeyed the evangelic precept: "Compelle intrare ut 
impleatur domus mea." 

Olaf's arbitrary conduct, however, produced its natural result ; 
the nobles were only too ready to transfer their allegiance to King 
Canute, upon his offering them large sums of money, and Olaf, in the 
very prime of manhood, fell on the field of battle at Stiklestad, on 29th 
July, 1030. " Saint Olave's body was honourably buried at Drontheim, 

P 2 




IS 

a 

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H 

en 
W 

o 
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o 
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W 
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:?; 



THE PARISH CHURCH. 21 

and the year following Bishop Grimkele commanded him to be 
honoured in that Church among the Saints with the title of martyr. 
His son Magnus was called home from Russia in 1035, and restored 
to the throne. Magnus exceedingly promoted the devotion of the 
people to the memory of his father, the martyr, who was chosen titular 
Saint of the Cathedral of Drontheim. This Church was rebuilt with 
such splendour and magnificence as to have been the glory and pride 
of all the North." — Alban Butler's " Lives of the Saints," July 29. 
All Olaf's faults were soon forgotten, and SnorrI records that "many 
believed that Olaf must be a saint, even among those who had persecuted 
him with the greatest animosity." His cult' spread rapidly, not only in 
his own country, where his martial qualities were a recommendation of his 
saintliness,^ but in the north of Europe ; churches were erected everywhere 
in his honour, and when the Norse ecclesiastics had made their friends 
in this country acquainted with the merits of their patron saint, churches 
were dedicated to him here, e.g., St. Ollow's, in Orkney ; St. Olave's, 
at Poughill, in Cornwall ; also at Creeting in Suffolk, at Exeter, 
Chichester, York, and Chester. 

With reference to the London churches dedicated to St. Olave, 
there is an interesting anecdote related by Snorri, a.d. 1230. " In Valland, 
in the North-West of France, there was a cripple so infirm that he 
went upon knees and knuckles. One day he fell asleep by the way side, 
when he dreamt that a man of worshipful mien came to him and asked him 
whither he was going. He mentioned a certain abode. The worshipful 
man said to him, ' Go to Olaf's Church in London, and there you will be 

'The cult of the Saint was observed here in London as late as the middle of the sixteenth century. " In 
'557- The same day (the xxix day of July) being Saint Olave's day, was the church holiday in Silver street ; and 
at eight of the clock at night began a stage play of a goodly matter, that continued until xij at, mydnyght ; and 
then they mad an end with a good songe." H. Machyn's Diary, p. 145 (Camden Soc). 

^ " .Some leaders trust in God — some not ; 
Even so their men ; but well I wot 
God-fearing Olaf fought and won 
Twenty pitched battles, one by one. 
And always placed upon his right 
His Christian men in a hard fight. 
May God be merciful, I pray 
To him— for he ne'er shunned the fray.'' 
"The Heimskringla or the Sagas of the Norse Kings." From "The Icelandic of Snorre Sturlason," by 
Samuel Laing and Rasmus B. Anderson, vol, iii, 



2 2 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

cured.' On awaking, he set off in quest of Olaf s Church. At length he 
came to London Bridge, and asked the citizens if they could tell him where 
Olaf's Church was. And they answered and said there were many more 
churches than that they could tell to whom they were dedicated. A little 
later, a man came to him, and asked where he was going. He answered 
to him and said that he would fare to Olaf's Church. The other said, ' We 
will both fare together to Olaf's Church, for I know the way thither.' After 
this they fared over the bridge, and along that street that led towards 
Olaf's Church in Tooley Street, in the Borough. When they came to the 
churchyard gate, the other strode over the threshold, but the cripple 
rolled himself over it, and at once rose up whole, and when he looked 
round, his companion had vanished."' 

The most probable answer to the questions when was the 
present church in Hart Street built, and who were the builders, is 
supplied by the following evidence. Stow, in recording certain monu- 
ments which existed in his day, 1598, begins the list with " Richard Cely 
and Robert Cely, fellmongers, principal builders and benefactors " ; and 
the next names are "Dame Johan, wife to Sir John Zouch, 1439; John, 
Clarenciaulx King of Arms, 1427." Stow does not give the date of 
the Cely monument, but it is probably referred to in the will of Richard 
Cely, 1493." "I wish my body," he says, "to be buried in the chapell 
of Seint Stephyn in the pish of Seint Olave in hertstrete where I am a 
piffhefi that is to sey in the tomb there as Richard Cely and Agnes 
his wyfe my fader and moder lyen buried." Newcourt, in his " Reper- 
torium," mentions " Richard Cely, civis Lond.," as the patron who 
presented Robert Gower to the Rectory in 1457, and Thomas Benet in 
i486. It may be fairly assumed, therefore, from their names being 
recorded as the principal builders and from the patronage of the living 
being in the Cely family in 1457, that the father and the uncle of the 
testator, i.e., Richard and Robert Cely, were the builders of St. Olave's 
church, and from the character of the architecture, that the present church 
dates from about the middle of the fifteenth century. 

n^ ■ '^'^ n"^''"'!^ /' ,'^'''^?''^ ^^'^'i 0'^^'>" ^'li'«l f"-" ^ twelfth century MS in the Library of Corpus 
Christi College, Oxford, with an introduction and notes by F. Metcalfe, M.A., Fellow of Lincoln College 
Oxford. Oxford, 1881, ° ' 

"P.C.C. 25 Doggett. 



THE PARISH CHURCH. 23 

What has been said, however, of the age of the present church is 
appHcable only to the oldest portion. Some of the windows, for instance, 
though they are very probably imitations of the original, appear to be of a 
much later date, and may not be earlier than the first quarter of the seven- 
teenth century. Laud was Bishop of London from 1628 to 1634, and strictly 
enjoined upon parishes the duty of maintaining the fabrics of their churches. 
St. Olave's possibly may have complied with such an injunction, for Strype 
records that " This church in the many decayed places of it, which indeed 
were many and great, was repaired richly, and very worthily supplied with 
whatsoever it wanted, and furnished with whatsoever might further deck 
and adorn it at the proper cost and charge of the parishioners in the years 
of our Lord God 1632 and 1633," and notes in particular that "the stone 
work of all the windows, greatly defaced and perished, was new wrought." 

Until the recent restoration, almost the whole of the church and 
steeple was covered with cement, and rendered thereby as unattractive 
as possible. Now the sacred edifice at once attracts attention from its age 
and character, and a stranger, on entering the church, finds the interior 
not only historically interesting, but well worthy of a visit for its own sake. 

Like most parish churches it consists of a nave and two aisles, the 
north being wider and loftier than the south. The nave is longer than 
either aisle, for the north aisle is limited by the rectory house, and the 
south by the tower of the church. The arcades, which divide the church 
lengthwise into three portions, contain six arches, three on either side, the 
middle arches resting upon two clustered columns. The two, west of the 
centre, rest also upon two half columns, which are in their original condition ; 
the two towards the east were probably supported in the same way till the 
erection of the Bayning and Minnes's monuments involved the removal 
on the north side of part, and on the south side of the whole of the columns. 
The tower, now used as a Baptistery, has two arches communicating with 
the nave and south aisle, and at the south-west corner there is a smaller 
tower with a stone staircase leading to the belfry. Formerly there was a 
doorway on the inside of the church some few feet from the floor, but 
this was done away with some twenty-five years ago when the Baptistery 



24 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

was formed. At the west end of the nave, on the north side, there is an 
old entrance, a priest's door, leading into the rectory. 

In the nave of the church there are three windows : a large window 
at the east, another at the west, and a third, a smaller one with three lights, 
recently introduced below the west window, to give light and ventilation 
to the new choir vestry. There are four windows in the north aisle, and 
four in the south, viz., one over each door, one at the east end of either 
aisle, and two others in the north and south walls respectively. In the 
Clerestory there are six windows ; three on the north, and three on 
the south side. 

The character of the window openings should be noticed. Four of 
them have pointed arches, and architecturally are of an earlier date than the 
rest, viz., two windows at the east and west ends of the nave, one at the 
east end of the north aisle, and one in the tower. As to the tracery, the 
large window at the east end had simply upright mullions until 1823 {see 
Vestry Minutes) ; it is in style neither perpendicular, nor geometrical, but a 
fanciful combination of the two ; the window at the west end of the nave 
has merely plain ribs springing from the old mullions ; the window at the 
east end of the north aisle, is now a copy of the window in the tower, 
but until 1863, it had merely two upright mullions, as shown in the engrav- 
ing published by West and Toms, 1736. The west window in the tower 
has three divisions or lights with cinque-foil heads, and small uprightmwllions 
with corresponding arched work. It is, in fact, a perpendicular window. 

All the other windows are of three lights, having two mullions running 
in perpendicular lines, with cinque-foiled heads, all formed under a very 
flatly pointed arch. Externally, the windows of the church, except those 
in the tower and the old window at the west end of the nave, are finished 
with drip stones and square returns. It should be noticed that the masonry 
of the windows is not bonded. 

I have omitted all allusion to the other openings in the tower, for 
it is now difficult to determine what they were ori"ginally. 

The doorways, one on the north side of the church in Hart Street, 
and two on the south side, i.e., at the west end of the aisle opening into the 




W 
< 

o 

H 
O 



-< 

H 
O 



26 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

church yard, and at the east end into the vestry, are all of the same 
character, Perpendicular English, distinguished by the square head over 
the arch with ornamental spandrels, and the two outer doorways have drip 
stones with square returns. The arch over the south entrance of the 
church is of the depressed kind turned from four centres ; the arches of 
the other doorways are of a boldly pointed character. The doors, as old 
as the present church, are of oak, studded with nails of Sussex iron. 

At the north entrance in Hart Street, there was formerly a porch, 
built in 1674, but it was removed before 1823. 

At the south entrance there was a porch, quite incongruous, removed 
1862-3, 3-"d to the east of the porch a very unsightly staircase, covered in 
with glass, leading to the south gallery. Both are shewn in a pen and ink 
drawing of the church, preserved in the vestry. 

The walls and foundations of the church are composed of "chalk and 
flint," technically known as " rubble," opposed to ashlar work, or regular 
masonry. The arcades or columns and arches are rather perplexing ; they 
were regarded by Sir G. Gilbert Scott, as Purbeck, though of an inferior 
quality, and some thirty years ago they were accordingly repaired with the 
same material, but eminent architects are now agreed upon their not being 
Purbeck, but differ as to what they are. 

The east wall of the sacrarium is said to be of perpeyn, i.e., a large 
stone reaching through a wall so as to appear on both sides of it. 

The windows are, I believe, generally of Kentish rag, but in the 
tracery of the central east window, added about the year 1823, as more 
suitable to the reception of stained glass, and in the tracery of the window 
in the north choir, Bath stone was used. 

Gothic architecture is often regardless of severe uniformity, and our 
church is no exception to this rule. The west window, for instance, is 
not centered with the east window, but is built in a recess ; the bases 
and the shafts of the pillars on the north and south sides are of unequal 
length, and the window over the south door does not centre with it. 





THE PARISH CHURCH. 27 

The ceiling of the Church over the nave and both aisles is 
composed of arched tie-beams with intermediate moulded ribs, and oak 
panellings, all of them ornamented at one end with a floweret. The 
beams rest upon stone corbels, with shields attached to them. In the aisles 
some of the stone shields are gone and have been restored in wood, but the 
stone shields remain entire in the nave. On the 
north side of the nave five corbels have angels 
bearing shields ; one of the shields towards the 
east end of the south aisle is supported by a 
male figure clad in a loose garment ; on three 
of the shields are sculptured two lions passant 
gardant, not unlike the bearings of the kings of England at an early 
date. By far the greater part of the shields are quite plain, but several 
have bearings in relief corresponding with the first of the illustrations 
shown, and two of them resemble the second. 

J. B. G., Gent. Mag., vol. 93, pt. i, pp. 207-8 says: — "On these 
bearings 1 will merely notice as follows : — The patronage of this Church 
appears to have been of old in the family of the N evils ; and upon 
reference to Edmondson's " Heraldry," I find, under the name of Nevil, the 
saltire mentioned in numerous instances as a principal feature of their 
arms. It belonged at a later date to different parties ; among them appears 
the family of Windsor ; and in the latter work, under the three examples of 
this name, I find the saltire mentioned likewise." 

The junctions of the moulded ribs of the ceilings are generally 
ornamented with shields, but sometimes a rose is substituted, and 
sometimes foliage. These shields are for the most part plain, but a few 
are sculptured like the first of the two illustrations. One shield in the 
sacrarium, S.E. angle, seems, at first sight, intended for the Arms of 
the City, but the dagger is in the second quartering formed by the cross 
instead of the first, as usual, and in one shield the cross is introduced, 
and the dagger omitted. 

It is worthy of being noticed that the ceiling of both the aisles is 
thickly studded with small leaden stars. This may indicate an older date 

E 2 



28 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFE'S HART STREET. 

for the aisles than the nave, as regards the ceiling. These stars were 
formerly painted in a different colour from the beams to which they are 
affixed. 

In 1632 and 1633 "the Church was repaired richly, the roof 
in the middle aisle, decayed to the danger of falling, was with new 
timber re-biiilt, new leaded, and the inside very worthily garnished." — 
Strype's Stoiu, book ii, p. 38. 

The ceiling of the aisles may have been constructed by 
Richard and Robert Cely, " principal builders," of whom mention is 
made on p. 22.' 



THE VESTRY. 

At the east end of the south front of the Church is the Vestry, 
rebuilt 166 1-2, and, therefore, two centuries later than the door by which 
one enters it from the Church. 

Here the ceiling at once attracts attention, finished as it is 
with panelling and ornaments in plaster ; the chief figure being 
that of an angel in relief, bearing in one hand the gospel, in the other 
a palm branch. 

Over the mantel-piece is a painting in chiaro oscuro, representing 
a wood-carving of " Faith, Hope and Charity." Till 1891, it was 
difficult to discern the subject, but in the hands of a picture-restorer, 
after removing coats of common varnish of the thickness of a coin, 
the painting was declared to be the work of one of the De Witts ; 
probably painted for the position which it occupies, when the Vestry 
was built. 

' In lliis chapter I have used very freely the letter signed J. li. G. in the Genlleman's Magazine, 
March, 1823. It was from the pen of Mr. John Bull Gardiner, for many years Surveyor to the Twish of 
St. Clave, and Clerk to the Trustees of the Charities, 



THE VESTRY. 



29 



The wainscoted wall is covered with parish maps and plans, and 
engravings. There is a pretty pen-and-ink drawing of the south 
front of the Church, with 
part of the churchyard, 
showing the entrance to 
the south gallery, already 
noticed. 

In the recent re- 
storation the architect prac- 
tically added six inches to 
the height of the room by 
lowering the floor, thus 
avoiding the inconvenience 
of a step at the entrance, 
and, an incongruous modern 
mantel-shelf and stove were 
removed ; the block floor 
is another improvement. 

It will be interesting 
to collect from the Parish 
Records from 1661 to i860 
a few notices of the alter- 
ations and repairs before 
my time as Rector, some contemplated and others carried into effect. 
And here the earliest is to be found in a very interesting document 

entitled : — 

"An asseifmcnt made this 5"' of 

"August 1661 By the Rector, Churchward'' 

" (and others) of the parish of S' Olaves in 

" Hartstreete Lond : whose names are hearonder 

"subscribed; fifor and towar'^'^ the rebuildinge 

" of the vestrye of the said Church (being readye to 

" fall downe) The ffunte [font] y' was formerlye in the 

" Late RebeUion pulled Downe, as allsoe for y= repaires 

" of sundrye fflowers in the steeple that are very 

" much decayed, And the inlargeinge certaine pewes 




THE VESTRY CEILING. 



30 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

" in the Galleries, with some other thinges necessarye 
" to be repayrcd in and about the said church, church 
" yarde wall and Streets. 

Dan: Milles Rect: t r)|.„j„ -j 

J°:, ,:^'^"^f , ., , Churchwarden^ 

William Garfeild ) ^ 

\V'" Thornbury 
Andr Riccard John Tirrill Jr 

John Hilles 

The Parish records are then silent on Church Repairs for 49 years. 

In 1 7 10, March 22 [Turton, Rector], we find the Vestry resolving to 

petition Parliament to re-build the Church and steeple. We may be 

thankful that the wishes of the parishioners were not gratified, for the result 

would probably have been a structure resembling the neighbouring church 

of St. Katherine Coleman, built in the year 1740, or that of Allhallows 

Staining, which, with the exception of the tower, fell down, and was re-built 

1674. We are not acquainted with the reason, but by 1713, the parishioners 

had become more conservative as regards their parish church, for in that year, 

August 19th, it was resolved, neinine contradicente : " That y' Parish church 

shall be forthwith cleansed & whitewashed and the Painting everywhere be 

refreshed and amended or be be iySic) new done as shall be found needfull ; 

and the windows altered and y" ironwork taken down, and new glass & iron 

bars put in their place, such as shall be more lightsum and convenient, and 

the pavement where it is sunk amended and laid level, and that the five 

following Gentlemen be desired to assist the Rector and Churchwardens in 

and towards the better accomplishment of the ^?i\A good work, viz. : Deputy 

Carbonel, Major Lechmere, Mr. Henchman, Mr. Rich'^Smith and Mr. Hester." 

The bars, for which something more "lightsum" was to be substi- 
tuted, were probably of old Sussex iron, but the more lightsum bars seemed 
to us too heavy, and were removed in 1862-3. 

In " 1713, Nov. 16, a five quarters' rate was made for defraying 
expenses of beautifying and repairing the church and chanfsell," upon 
which, it may be observed, that, according to custom in the City of London, 
the parishioners repair the chancel, whereas elsewhere this charge 
commonly falls upon the Rector. 

In 1727, April 11 [Arrowsmith, Rector], the voluntary principle is 
appealed to, for we read of " a subscription lately made for erecting a new 
pulpit and gallery. The Rector and others to assist the Churchwarden." 



THE VESTRY. 31 

This Vestry Minute refers to one gallery, but there is an entry, 
1727, March 21, which shows there was a second; "Mrs. Eliza Bass to 
attend the Two new Gallerys on every Sabbath Day and to cleane the 
same, and to have benevolence of the Parishioners setting there for her 
own benefitt." 

The letter of J. B. G., to which I have referred, shows us the 
disastrous effect upon the church and its monuments of erecting these 
galleries. After referring to " the removal of the Riccard monument, 
consequent on the construction some years ago of the North Gallery, 
which interfered with it, to the West Gallery, where it remains {i.e., 
in 1823) central, it is true, but from its obscurity badly calculated to display 
the merits of the artist;" he continues: "four of the monuments have 
been lamentably interfered with also, and partially obscured by the Erection 
of the South Gallery ; namely, a very fine old monument on the South 
Wall belonging to the Deane family ; a respectable one to the memory of 
Peter Turner ; also the tablet inscribed to his father. Dr. Turner ; and the 
monument of Sir John Mennes, Knt. In the North Gallery the artificers 
were more sparing by not continuing the Gallery quite so far as the Eastern 
Wall, but even here a portion of the handsome monument to the Bayning 
family has not escaped injury from these spoliators." 

The repairs in 1713 seem to have extended only to the body of 
the Church, for in 1731, November 19, the Vestry resolved "to obtain 
an estimate of the expense of repairing the Church Steeple, which was 
in danger of falling." This was accordingly obtained, and on December i 
a report was presented to the Vestry, by Mr. Townsend, surveyor (Sir Wm. 
Ogborne, Knt., had also surveyed the Steeple), and here is the estimate : — 

Items of Report : — 

Masons charge for re-building 

/ 

24 ft. of Steeple in Portland ^255, Bath ^230 255 

carpenters 65 

plumbers 3° 

timber work of cupolo and lanthorn computed 50 

smiths' work for iron 15 

plaisterers' work supposed- 50 

^465 



32 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVEKS HART STREET. 

The Vestry at first thought of applying to "the Commissioners for 
building fifty new churches," but decided afterwards in the negative, and — 
1 73 1, Feb. 9. Agreed to re-build Church Steeple and to raise 

a Church rate for the purpose, and 
March 10, it is noted that Mr. John Widdows' plan was 

approved. 
March 22. Mr. Hill and Mr. Ansell undertake the repairs 
making an abatement of ten pounds. 

Mrs. Ann Shortland, smith, was to perform the smith's work, be it 
great or be it small. The bill was, as afterwards appears, ^57 i8j. od., 
but it was to be examined, and she was to be paid her due. The estimate 
had been but ^15. 

The next minute relating to the Repairs of the Church will be found 
1 75 1, June 4, "Ordered that the Pews and Pavement of the Church be 
repaired and placed square [so they remained till 1870}, and to make vaults 
in the Church, if the Committee think proper." The mode of defraying cost 
of repairs is indicated the same day by a note in the margin : — " There 
now remains in the hands of Rev. Mr. Edwd Arrowsmith ^125 for Church- 
wardens' Fines, [?.^., for refusing to serve the ofiice,] which is ordered to 
be laid out towards the repairs of the Church." 

1763, April 29. The Church ordered to be repaired at an 
outlay of ^^265 \2s. lo^?'. 

1777, March 31. "Resolved the best way of repairing the 
Tower is to point it down," which we find April 18 
involved an outlay of ^188. 

During these repairs the battlements, which are shown in West and 
Tom's engraving of the church as it was in 1736, but not in Robertson's 
drawing of St. Olave's Church in 1781, were taken down and not restored. 

Our forefathers of the last century were sometimes more particular in 
making the church comfortable and free from draughts than we are, and cared 
far less about interfering with the beauty of the architecture. An instance is 
before us in a Minute of Vestry, 1784, January 29, " Ordered that a screen of 



THE VESTRY. 



33 



glass doors be placed to the north and south doors of the Church under di- 
rection of the Churchwarden (Quarles Harris)." This massive structure was 
removed, 1862, at the cost perhaps of some comfort to the worshippers, but 

greatly improving the ap- 
pearance of the building. 

The church under- 
went considerable alter- 
ation and improvement 
during the incumbency of 
Rev. John Letts, and 
principally, as I have 
been informed, at his 
suggestion, two cumbrous 
galleries in the north and 
south aisles were removed 
(1853-4). 

During the last 
thirty-three years, since 
i860, towards the end of 
which year I was insti- 
tuted Rector, the church 
has been closed three 
times for restoration and 
repairs. The first occa- 
sion was from August 18, 
1862, to March i, 1863, 
when Messrs. F. H. Smith 
and Henry Gill were 
Churchwardens. The ex- 
terior of the church was 
thoroughly repaired. In the interior, the walls, which presented a very 
uneven surface, were faced with Parian cement, and an attempt, not very 
satisfactory, was made at polishing the pillars and arches then supposed 
to be of Purbeck. Wherever they were defective, and they were so 

F 




INTERIOR OF ST. OLAVE's, 1837, 



34 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



notably in those parts of the arches which supported the galleries, 
and had been filled up in 1853 with wood instead of stone, pieces of 
Purbeck were inserted, and hot-stopping rather plentifully used. Certainly 
the general effect of all this was pleasing, and a great improvement 
upon whitewash. In some parts, however, especially in the arches, the 
polisher came upon what did not admit of polishing ; the surface of the 
stone was gone, and it 
is a question whether 
the work of polishing 
should have been at- 
tempted. 

At the west 
end of the Church a 
considerable improve- 
ment was effected ; 
two ugly lobbies near 
the north and south 
doors, reaching to the 
organ gallery, were 
removed. The lower 
part of the tower, 
which had been used 
as a coal cellar, with 
a room of about eight 
feet above it for the 
ringers, was cleared 
away ; the partition 
between the tower 
and the Church taken 
down, and the whole 
converted into the Baptistery as you now see it. The above work, the 
total cost of which was ^900, raised by Church rate, was carried' out 
successfully under the direction of Mr. Frederic Lett, Surveyor to the 
Parish, and Clerk and Receiver to the Trustees of St. Olave's Charities. 




THE BAPTISTERY. 



THE VESTRY. 



35 



The second occasion of closing the Church was on the union of 
Allhallows' Staining with St. Olave's, in pursuance of Lady Slaney's (Trust) 
Estate Act, 1869, by an order of Her Majesty in Council of 31st March, 
1870, published in the London Gazette, ist April. The sum of ^800, 
received under the Scheme for the Union, was expended upon St. Olave's 
as the Parish Church of the United Parishes, and a further sum of ;^2,ooo 
invested, the interest of which is available for the repair of the fabric, 
and the maintenance of divine service. The parochial authorities 
appointed Mr. (now Sir Arthur W.) Blomfield as their architect, and in his 
hands the Church may be said to have been restored to its original beauty. 
Great praise was accorded to him for his admirable design. Messrs. 
Dove Brothers, builders, also gave complete satisfaction in carrying out the 
architect's plans. 

In accordance with the architect's design, the whole of the interior 
of the Church was re-arranged, the eastern end of the Church being raised 
so as to form a kind of chancel ; the pews, with their three-sided narrow 
seats, which had been formed out of still older pews, and, for uniformity, with 
the exception of the ends, were covered with blue serge, were removed, 
and open oak benches substituted, the old altar rails converted into choir 
desks for the boys, and the rest of the carved wood work used in decorating 
the new benches. 

The bench-ends in the nave have carved shields with the armorial 
bearings of the See of London, the Corporation, the Trinity House, three 
City companies, viz. : the Grocers',' the Ironmongers', and the Cloth- 
workers' ; and two distinguished parishioners. Sir Andrew Riccard, and 
Samuel Pepys. The services were suspended on this occasion from January 
2nd, 1 87 1, to the Ascension Day, May i8th, when the Bishop of London 
(Dr. Jackson) preached at the re-opening service. 

The Church was closed for the third time for extensive repairs from 
August 10, 1 89 1, to Friday, October 30, when it was re-opened by the 
Bishop of Bedford, Suffragan for East London, Dr. Billing, in the presence 
of the Lady Mayoress (Lady Savory), and many of the parishioners." Under 

' The Grocers' Company, formerly patrons of Allhallows, are now patrons of three benefices endowed with 
the tithes of that parish. See chapter xix. The Ironmongers' Hall is wholly, the Clothworkers' partly, in the 
parish of Allhallows. 

^ At the last moment, the Lord Mayor, Sir Joseph Savory, Bart., was prevented from attending. 

F 2 



36 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLA VE'S LLART STREET. 

the City Parochial Charities Act, 1883 (the Central Scheme), a grant of 
/i,2oo was provided by the Charity Commissioners " for the maintenance 
of the fabric and monuments of St. Olave's as a Church of architectural 
and historical interest," and now the Church of the United Parishes. 

The Rector%nd the four Churchwardens, viz. : Messrs. T. Pallister 
Young, B.A., LL.B., and R. Honey (St. Olave's), and Messrs. A. Bowring, 
C.C, Deputy- Alderman, and H. V. Clements (Allhallows'), being the 
authorities recognised by the Scheme, appointed, as their architect, 
Mr. Ewan Christian, the Architect of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners ; 
a desirable arrangement, as the grant of the Commissioners would be 
made upon his report. Other works, all of them important, and some 
gready conducive to the comfort and convenience of the congregation, 
for which, however, the grant was not available, it seemed expedient to 
undertake at the same time. Without going too much into details, the 
arrangements for heating the Church were defective, the organ was sadly 
out of repair, a choir vestry much needed, bell timbers and ropes 
required renewal, and the metal work re-lacquering. It was resolved, 
therefore, to appeal to the parishioners and other friends for subscriptions, 
and about ^600 were raised, very largely due to the exertions of the 
Upper Churchwarden of St. Olave's, Mr. T. Pallister Young, who devoted 
much time, thought, and ability, to the work of restoring and repairing the 
Church, and whose efforts were cheerfully seconded by his colleagues. 

It had been intended simply to repair the cement with which the 
whole body of the Church, and the greater part of the Tower, had been 
for many years covered, but the stone and brickwork underneath proved 
to be sufficiently sound to warrant the architect in leaving the whole 
uncovered, repairing where necessary. 

On removing the cement upon the south side of the Church an 
interesting discovery was made, the doorway through which the south 
gallery, and, in particular, the Navy Office pew was entered. It will be 
remembered by readers of the Diary that Pepys was very proud of the 
privilege of occupying this pew, and it is a noteworthy circumstance that 
the monument erected in 1883 to his memory is on the other side of this 



THE VESTRY. 



37 



doorway/ On the north side the removal of the cement brought into 
view some square feet of brickwork, situate to the east of the door in Hart 
Street. A square headed window at this spot is shown in the engraving ot 
"The North East Prospect of the Church," 1736. 

On removing the cement on the north side of the tower, a portion of 
an arch and of a capital was disclosed. This suggests that the nave of the 
church formerly extended further west than it does at present. 

In the interior the chief alterations noticeable are the new windows, 
stronger lead lights, with cathedral glass, and with stanchions in the lower 

windows ; and the change which the arcades 
have undergone, simply by removing what the 
polisher had introduced to produce a uniform 
colour. One can now see what they originally 
were, and after the lapse of four or five centuries, 
they can give a good account of themselves. 

The choir Vestry under the organ is a new 
feature, at all times a great convenience, but was 
especially so at the Confirmation by the Bishop 
of London, May 6th, 1892, the first, of which 
we have any record, held in this Church. The 
three-light window in the west wall and block 
flooring were introduced by Mr. Christian ; but 
the oak screen is from a design of Sir Arthur 
Blomfield, A.R.A., to whom the Rector had 
applied for advice in the matter some time pre- 
viously to the recent restoration. 

PORTION OF AN ARCH. J 

North side of the tower. 

The monuments throughout the Church have been repaired where 
necessary, and the whole of them re-lettered. In short, both the exterior 
and the interior of the Church, have now been substantially repaired, 
and we have accomplished all that was proposed. 

' The discovery is indicated by the insertion of Portland Stone, inscribed : — " Entrance to tlie South Gallery, 
and the Nazy Office Pew, often mentioned in the Diary of Samuel Pepys. " 




38 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



I cannot conclude this portion of my work without acknowledging 
how greatly we are indebted to Mr. Christian, the architect, for his sound 
judgment and his personal attention to details ; and to the builders, 
Messrs. Dove Brothers, for the conscientious care and skill with which 
they have carried out the work. 




THE CHURCH FURNITURE. 




CHAPTER III. 

The Communion Table. The Reredos in iyo8. Present Reredos. Recent gifts to the Church, 
Font, Screen, Pulpit. Organs abolished in 1644. Pepys's intention in 1667 to present an 
Organ to St. Olave's. Present Organ built by Samuel Green, 178J. The Communion 
Plate. The Bells. The Clock. Sword Stands, detailed description of four in St. Olave's 
Church. The Churchyards and the Principal Gateway. 

HE plain, neat Communion Table," which the Church- 
wardens were ordered to provide by a Resolution of the 
Vestry, 1742-3, March 16, was found to be too small 
when the present Reredos was erected.' The cost of the 
present plain oak Altar-table was defrayed out of a bequest left at the 
disposal of the Rector by the late Miss Mary Ann Wood, daughter 
of a former Lecturer of the Parish, Rev. John Manley Wood, whose 
monument is in the north aisle. 

The Credence Table is an adaptation of the carved work in front 
of the Parish Clerk's desk, and formed part of an arrangement known 
as a " three-decker," which it took some time to alter without giving 
offence. 

Until 1853 the Reredos was very similar to those found in Sir 
Christopher Wren's Churches. "A New View of London'' thus describes 
it: — "The altar piece is adorned (1708) with two fluted pilasters, their 

'The old Communion Table has stood since 1862 in the south choir. 



40 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

entablature and compass-pediment, a vase, etc. The inter-columns are 
filled with the Commandments, between the Pater Noster and Creed ; the 
former done in gold on black, the latter in black letters on gold. Within 
an arched space, under the pediment, is the effigy of an old man (I think, 
very improperly placed here in the room of a glory), between two 
cherubims, all of which is enclosed with rail and banister." In 1853, when 
the galleries were removed, the Rev. John Letts, Rector of the Parish, 
provided, at his own cost, a new Reredos of slate tablets painted and 
decorated, having the Creed, the Lord's Prayer, and the Ten Command- 
ments inscribed in gilt characters. 

The Reredos of Caen stone with tablets of alabaster ornamentally 
treated, with a marble cross in the centre, and the Commandments in 
gold on the two outer compartments, which I presented in 1862, was 
designed by the late Sir G. Gilbert Scott, R.A., and executed by 
Mr. Philip, a sculptor of great promise, who died at an early age. It 
was heavily enriched with gilding by Clayton and Bell in 1891 ; the 
alabaster not easily lending itself to decoration is left without adornment. 

The Caen stone octagonal Font, also designed by Sir G. Gilbert 
Scott, R.A., was the gift, in 1862, of the late Mr. Thomas Bond, a generous 
inhabitant of the parish, and took the place of a plain marble font with 
wooden pedestal and base and cover, which in 1853 stood beneath the 
western gallery, and previously in the north choir. The font cover, a recent 
addition to the church, is the work of Messrs. Hart, Son and Peard, 
the cost being chiefly defrayed by the St. Olave's Restoration Fund. 

The pavement in the Baptistery, by Maw & Co., was the gift, in 
1862, of a few ladies, parishioners, or worshippers in the church. 

In the same year the screen in the Baptistery was given by the 
late Mr. Henry Johnson,' of 39, Crutched Friars, one of very many 
proofs of the interest which he felt in the church of his baptism, and in the 
parish and neighbourhood. He was indeed "a father to the poor," until 
his last illness, and removal to Worthing, where he died, Michaelmas-day, 
1877. Of Miss Elizabeth Johnson, who resided with her brother till 

' Upper Churchwarden 1856-1859 ; Trustee of the Advowson. 



THE CHURCH FURNITURE. 



41 



her death, 1866, March 24th, it may be said with truth that she was 
"full of good works and almsdeeds." Their deep interest in me, shown 
in many acts of kindness, before and after I became Rector of this Parish, 
is, to me, a sacred memory. 

The present Pulpit with its exquisite carving, reputed to be the 
work of Grinling Gibbons, formerly stood in the Church of St. Benei, 
Gracechurch, "decon- 
secrated" 1867, Feb. 
8th. Not being re- 
quired for the new 
church of St. Benet, 
Stepney, the Ecclesi- 
astical Commissioners 
sold it to me, and I was 
most kindly recouped 
the total cost, i.e. £^0, 
of repairing it and 
placing it on a stone 
pedestal, by the Elder 
Brethren of the Trinity 
House as a mark, they 
were pleased to say, of 
their esteem and regard. 

We shall see in 
the next chapter, that 
St. Olave's had before 
the Reformation "a 
pair of organes," but 
what became of that 
instrument is unknown. 
An Ordinance was pas- 
sed May 9th, 1644, that 
all organs in churches should be taken away and utterly defaced, and 
the immediate effect of this regulation was most disastrous to English 

G 




THE PULPIT. 



42 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

organ builders. During the sixteen years between its issue and May 
29th, 1660, the date of the Restoration, there was no demand for organs 
or reparations, and most of the builders were obliged to work as carpen- 
ters and joiners ; but it is remarkable how soon the use of organs in 
churches revived. 

On June 17th (Lord's Day), 1660, Pepys notes — 

This day the organs did begin to play at White Hall before the King, 
and in the next month, July 8th (Lord's Day) — 

To White Hall Chapel, where I heard very good musique, the first time that ever I 
remember to have heard the organs and singing men in surplices in my life. 

Some seven years afterwards Pepys shows even greater liking for organ 
playing. April 5, 1667 — 

To Hackney, where I am told, that at their church they have a fair pair of Organs, 
which play while the people sing, which I am mighty glad of, wishing the like 
in London, and would give £,^0 towards it. 

In the next entry, Pepys, with delightful candour, records his impressions. 

April 20th, 1667 — 

To Hackney Church, where very full, and found much difficulty to get pews. That 
which I went chiefly to see was the young ladies of the schools, whereof there 
is great store, very pretty ; and also the organ which is handsome, and tunes 
the psalms and plays with the people ; which is mighty pretty, and makes me 
mighty ernest to have a pair at our church ; I having almost a mind to 
give them a pair at our church ; I having a mind to give them a pair if they 
would settle a maintenance on them for it. 

There is no record as to whether Pepys's intention was carried into effect. 

Of the Organ which is now in the Church we have a full account 
in the Vestry Minutes, beginning with 1781, May 30, and ending with 
1783, January 9, from which we learn that it was built by public subscrip- 
tion, and the amount collected was ^363 \2s. 6d. The Organ cost ^360. 

The builder was Samuel Green,' born in 1740; he was greatly 
patronised by King George III, and on this account was engaged in 

' Green was appointed Tuner, at a salary of seven guineas. James Lloyd was the first Blower, at a salary of 
£Z. Miss Mary Hudson, daughter of Dr. Hudson, Master of the Singing Eoys of St. Paul's, was elected the first 
Organist, 1781, December 20, "by 131 votes out of 131," Salary 25 guineas. 



THE CHURCH FURNITURE. 43 

all parts of the kingdom. There are twelve Cathedral and Collegiate 
Organs' constructed or restored by him, and five in City Churches.^ He 
died at Isleworth, September 14, 1796, at the age of 56. 

Our own organ, a G organ with three manuals, possesses the 
characteristics of sweetness and delicacy of tone for which Green's organs 
were remarkable. It has been enlarged and improved by the late Mr. 
Costello, and Messrs. Walker Bros. It is somewhat out of date, and, I am 
told, will before long require a considerable outlay, but the tone of the 
diapason (the double diapason and dulciana stops established Green's fame) 
is still very rich and mellow. The following is a description of the 
organ's several " departments," and the internal mechanism => : — 



CHOIR ORGAN (5 stops). 








GREAT ORGAN (10 stop 


I. Stopped Diapason. 








I. Stopped Diapason. 


2. Dulciana. 








2. Open Diapason (small). 


3. Principal. 








3. Open Diapason (large). 


4. Fifteenth. 








4. Clarabella. 


5. Cremona. 








5. Principal. 

6. Twelfth. 


SWELL ORGAN (Tenor C, 6 stops). 






7. Fifteenth. 


I. Stopped Diapason. 








8. Sesquialtera. 


2. Open Diapason. 








9. Mixture. 


3. Principal. 








10. Trumpet. 


4. Oboe. 










5. Cornet (3 ranks). 








PEDAL ORGAN. 


6. Trumpet. 








Open Diapason (16 feet.) 




COUPLERS. 






Choir 


to 


Pedals. 






Great 


to 


Pedals. 






Swell 


to 


Great. 





The two Benefaction Tables, on either side of the Organ, record the 
charities of the parish in 1763, with the names of the Churchwardens of 
that year, Richard Carter, and John Croshold. 

' Canterbury ; St. George's, Windsor ; Salisbury ; Winchester College, etc. 
•^ St. Botolph Aldersgate Street ; St. Mary-at-Hill ; St. Michael Cornhill ; St. Peter-le-Poor ; and St. Clave 

Hart Street. 
^See Dr. Rimbault's " History of the Organ," introductory to " The Organ," by E. J. Hopkins, Organist of the 

Temple Church. 

G 2 



44 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

THE COMMUNION PLATE. 

The Communion Plate is very handsome, but none of it belongs to 
the Pre-Reformation period. With the exception of one alms dish from 
AUhallows', it belongs to the Parish of St. Olave, and consists of nine 
pieces silver-gilt, and five alms dishes, viz., one of metal electro-gilt, and 
four of pewter. 

The following is a complete list, showing the material, the dimensions, 
the weight, and the hall mark, if any, indicating the dates : — 

I. Chalice, silver gilt. Height, 8}^ inches; diameter, bowl A}i inches, foot zYz inches; 
weight, 16-3 ounces. "St. Olave Hart Street" under the foot; no hall mark visible. 
The bowl has been re-fixed. 
n. Chalice, silver gilt. Height, 8 J^ inches; diameter, bowl 4^ inches, foot 4 inches; vi^eight, 
15-8 ounces. "St. Olave Hart Street" under the foot; hall mark almost effaced, 
probably not earlier than 1737. The stems of both chalices are probably of the same 
date as the older flagon. Made by T. F., maker of Patens Nos. IV and V. 

in. Paten, on foot, silver gilt, hexagonal. Diameter, top 6 inches, foot 4)^ inches; weight, 
15-1 ounces. "St. Olave Hart Street" under the foot; hall mark, Lombardic cap P, 
indicating 161 2-13. Maker, T. F. in monogram in plain shield. 

IV. Paten, and foot, small round silver gilt. Diameter, top 5 ]4 inches, foot 2 % inches ; 
weight, 6'35 ounces. Engraved " St. Olave Hart Street" under the foot ; hall mark, 
Roman small b, indicating 1737-8. Maker T. F., two mullets in a heart shield. 

V. Paten, and foot, small round silver gilt. Diameter, top 5j^ inches, foot 2j^ inches ; 
weight, 6'35 ounces. Engraved under foot, hall mark, and maker same as the last. 

VI. Flagon, with cover, silver gilt. Height, 13}^ inches; diameter, base 6 J^ inches ; weight, 
S2"65 ounces. Engraved under foot : "The gift of Mr. to St. Olaves Church 

in Hart Streat, London, 1608." The lid is hall marked, Lombardic k, indicating 1607. 
Maker I. A. 

VII. Flagon, with cover, silver gilt. Height, 13}^ inches; diameter, base 6^ inches; weight, 
55-65 ounces. Engraved on the face ; " Given by S' Rich'^ Beach Comifh' of y' Navy 
to y^ Parish of S' Olave in Hart Street." And under foot: "Delivered by his Executors 
T. Copping, T. Coleby, and W. Prescott, in Dec*'- 25, 1692." The lid is hall marked, 
black letter, small p, old English. Maker R. T., four pellets, two cinque foils, 

circular stamp. 

o 

VIII. Spoon, rat tail, silver gilt, half the bowl parcel ; weight, 2-1 ounces. Engraved S H ; hall 
mark nearly effaced, small b, indicating 1639-40 ; or small r, indicating 1654-5. 



n 
o 

S 

s 

G 

2 

O 

2 



> 
t=5 



S 



o 

H 



< 



H 

K 
H 




THE BELLS. 45 

IX. Alms Dish, silver gilt. Diameter, loyi inches; weight, i7'2 ounces. Engraved "Given 
by M' James Hadley to y= Parish of St. Olave, Hart Street, whereof he was Clarke for 
many years, Nov. 20, 1694." Hall mark, black letter, small o, indicating 1691. 
Maker H. S., in monogram. 

X. Alms Dish, metal, electro gilt, enamel medallion, in centre Royal Arms, surmounted with 
C. R. Diameter, 13}^ inches ; formerly belonged to Allhallows' Staining. 

XI-XIV. Four alms dishes, pewter, engraved with S. O. S., and a heart in the centre. Maker 
Henry Sewdley, his arms a double eagle. 

Numbers I, II, III, VI, VII, and X are shown in the illustration. 



THE BELLS. 

In the Tower of the church is a peal of six bells, remarkable for 
their sweetness of tone. 

All of them bear inscriptions and on four of them there is a rude 
representation of a shield, chiselled apparently out of the solid metal left in 
the founding for that purpose. The ornamental work is almost defaced, but 
the words are legible. 

The largest bell is 3-ft. 4-in. in diameter at the base, and is thus 
inscribed: — 

WILLIAM • GARFIELD ■ WILLIAM • ARNOLL 

CHURCH WARDENS 

ANTHONY • BARTLET • MADE ■ ME 

16 62. 

Four bells have the following inscription : — 

ANTHONY • BARTLET • MADE • MEE 
1662. 

Rose, Thistle and Shamrock. 

On the second of these four there is scarcely a trace of the shield. 
The sixth bell is inscribed : — 

ROBERT FULLER RICHARD TILDEN 

CHURCH WARDENS 

THO. COPPING RECTOR 

JACOBUS BARTLET ME FECIT 1694. 



46 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



There is a small bell in the Cupola on which the old clock used to 
strike the hour. From the Vestry Minutes of 1785, March 28, we learn the 
date. Ordered " a new bell in the steeple for the clock, the other broke." 

The following extract from the Bell News and Ringers Record, 
Saturday, May 7, 1892, may be of interest :— 

London.— On Monday, April asth, at St. Olave's Church, Hart Street, City, 
Penning's 720 of Bob Minor (twenty-eight bobs and eighteen singles) 
W. F. Meads, i ;' H. N. Davis, i\ A. J. Perkins (conductor), 3 ; A. S. 
Barren, 4 ; E. T. Edridge, 5 ; H. Stubbs, 6. 

THE CLOCK. 

The Clock, the face of which has been seen projecting from the 
Steeple since 1891, is a relic of another St. Olave's. It belonged to St. 
Olave Jewry, until the removal of that Church. I consider myself happy 
in having been able to obtain it from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, and 
present it to my parish. In former days, as the engraving (West and 
Toms) shows, a church clock projected over the principal door in Hart 
Street. The present clock is not as well seen as the one over the 
door was, but, owing to the drum being much nearer the clock-works, it 
keeps better time. The works were adapted to their present purpose, 
and a striking movement added by Messrs. Smith & Son, of Clerkenwell 
Green. The old clock over the doorway had to be wound up every day, 
and for many years was out of repair. 

SWORD STANDS. 

These picturesque pieces of church furniture, — we have no evidence of 
the existence of such earlier than Queen Elizabeth's reign, — are often admired 
by visitors who have, perhaps, no precise notion of the purpose which they 
served. It was, till very recently, the custom for the Lord Mayor, accom- 
panied by the Sheriffs, to attend divine service at a City church on Sunday 
morning, and, by their presence and their retinue, a larger congregation was 
drawn to the support of various charities. On these occasions the Lord 

' First 720 Bob Minor. 



SWOI^n STANDS. 



47 



Mayor was escorted by the Bearer of the Mace, and the Bearer of the State 
Sword, and our forefathers often did honour to a parishioner elected to be 
Lord Mayor, by causing a sword stand, sword rest or " branch," sometimes 
called a "Trophy of Arms," to be placed upon his pew. 

It is easy to see how burdensome it became, when the officers of the 
Corporation no longer resided in the City, to give their attendance on 






ALLHALLOWS' I (p. 49). 



ST. OLAVE's I (p. 48). 



ST. OLAVE's II (p. 48). 



Sundays, and it was urged that a good deal of needless work was thrown 
upon the servants. The discontinuance of the custom, however, will render 
the sword stand an unmeaning piece of ecclesiastical furniture. 

Our parish church has four of these sword stands : two have always 
belonged to St. Olave's, two formerly belonged to Allhallows' Staining. 



48 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLA VES HART STREET. 



ST. OLAVE'S :— I. In honour of Sir Charles Peers, Knight, and 
now placed on the south side of the chancel, is one of the prettiest in 
the City. Sir Charles, the son of Edmond Peers, Citizen and Grocer, was a 
Salter, Alderman of the Tower Ward, and Lord Mayor 17 15. This sword 
stand is referred to in the Minutes of Vestry held Nov. 2nd, 1715 : 

" Ordered : That a Branch be put up on the pew 
of the Right Hon. S"" Charles Peers, Knight, Lord 
Maior of this City, for the Sword, at the charge 
of the Parish." "Also Nov. 9th. That the 
Branch agreed on in y" last Vestry for the Lord 
Major to fix the Sword on, be made after the 
Pattern of that in St. Katherine Cree Church 
which was made for S' Samuel Stanier." The 
arms on this sword stand are : — I. Quarterly of 
four. I. England impaling Scotland. 2. France. 
3. Ireland. 4. Hanover. II. City of London. 
III. The Sal ters' Company. IV. Sable, a chevron 
between three escallops argent, a chief or. This 
last bearing belongs to Linacre. The arms 
should actually be, sable a chevron between three 
lions' heads erased argent, a chief or. [Peers.] 
A fifth shield bears the date 17 15. 

II. In honour of Daniel Lambert, Esq., 
and is placed at the end of a bench in the 
south aisle. 

Daniel Lambert, Vintner, Alderman "of the 
Tower Ward, and Lord Mayor, 1741, was a cadet 
of the family of Lambert, of Lambert's Oaks and 
i^ Perrott's Manor, in the county of Surrey, and 
ALLHALLows' .1 (p. 49)- marricd at Banstead, Mary, daughter of John 
Wilmot, Citizen and Haberdasher, of London. The print of the North 
East Prospect of St. Olave's Church, published by West and Thoms, was 
dedicated to him. He was afterwards knighted, and was M.P. for the City 
of London, He died May 13, 1750, aged 65, of prison fever, to which 




SWOI?D STANDS. 49 

the Lord Chief Justice of that day also succumbed. See Vestry Minute, 
March 30th, 1741 : — "Ordered that Rt. Hon'''= Dan' Lambert Esq the 
present Lord Mayor have Pew fifitted up suitable for his Lordship." 

The armorial bearings are: — \, II, as before. III. The Vintners' 
Company. IV. Gules, three narcissus flowers argent and a canton or, a 
mullet of the last for difference, impaling, argent a fesse gules between 
three eagles' heads erased sable. [Wilmot] [Monumental Inscription at 
Banstead, Surrey.] 

ALLH ALLOWS'.— I. At the end of the bench in the north aisle is a 
sword stand of Sir John Thompson, Knight, Vintner, Alderman of 
Langbourn Ward, Lord Mayor, 1736-7, died February 18, 1750, aged 79 
years, and buried in the Church of St. Michael, Crooked Lane. 

The armorial bearings are: — I, II, as before. III. The Vintners' 
Company. IV. Gules, three bends argent, on a canton of the last a lion 
passant sable, over all on an escutcheon of pretence, or, a fret sable. [Eaton]. 

II. At the north side of the choir is the Sword Stand of Sir 
William Plomer, Knight, Bricklayer and Tiler, Alderman of Langbourn 
Ward, Lord Mayor, ]78i. 

The armorial bearings are : — I, II, as before. III. The Bricklayers' 
and Tilers' Company. IV. Per chevron flory counterflory, argent and 
gules, three martlets counterchanged. 

In 1870, when Allhallows' was united with St. Olave's, it appears, 
though the writer was not then aware of it, that there were four sword 
stands belonging to Allhallows'. Two were secured for St. Olave's, but two 
were recently found in an ironmonger's shop, and they both belonged to 
Allhallows' Staining, and were purchased by the writer of an interesting 
article upon " Sword Stands in the City Churches," the third of a series, 
in the City Press, August i6th, 1893.' " Properly speaking [I quote from 
the article], they should have gone to the church of St. Olave, Hart Street, 
but as there are already four sword stands they were presented — the one to 

' The first paper upon the subject appeared in the City Press, Wednesday, April 5 ; the second on 

Wednesday, June 21. 

H 



so THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFE'S HART STFEET. 

the neighbouring Church of St. Andrew Undershaft, and the other to 
Allhallows in London Wall." Although these sword stands are not to be 
found in the church of the United Parish, it will be fitting that a record of 
them should be preserved in its annals. 

I. The sword stand presented to the Church of St. Andrew 
Undershaft, was placed in Allhallows Staining in honour of Sir William 
Stewart, Citizen and Barber-surgeon, Alderman of Cripplegate Ward, 
Lord Mayor, 1721. 

The armorial bearings are: — L i and 4. England; 2. Scotland; 
3. Ireland; over all, Hanover, as pretence. IL City of London. IIL Or, a 
fesse chequy of the field and azure, over all a bend engrailed of the 
last debruised by a bendlet gules. 

IL The sword stand presented to the Church of Allhallows, 
London Wall, which was previously without such a piece of church furni- 
ture, was originally set up in Allhallows Staining, in honour of Thomas 
Rawlinson, Citizen and Grocer, Alderman of Broad Street Ward, Lord 
Mayor, 1753. 

The armorial bearings are: — I. City of London. II. Gules, four 
barrulets between three escallops argent [Rawlinson] impaling, argent, 
a chevron gules, between nine cloves sable, six and three. [Grocers' 
Company]. 

This seems the proper place for mentioning two good specimens of 
ironwork, viz. : the hat stands in the organ gallery, which formerly 
belonged to Allhallows'. The stand on the south side is very prettily 
ornamented with two large sunflowers. 

THE CHURCHYARDS AND THE PRINCIPAL GATEWAY. 

The entrance to the churchyard adjoining the Church is an object of 
interest, with its emblems of mortality, skulls and cross bones wrought 
in stone. It attracted the attention of Dickens, and in his " Uncommercial 
Traveller," chapter xxi, entitled the " City of the Absent," he gives an 



THE CHURCHYARDS AND THE PRINCIPAL GATEWAY. 



SI 



accurate description of it. " One of my best beloved churchyards I call 
the Churchyard of Saint Ghastly Grim. . . It is a small, small 
churchyard, with a ferocious strong spiked iron gate like a jail." His 
visit to it " by the light of the lightning," is worth reading. 




THE CHURCHYARD GATE IN SEETHING LANE. 



There is an inscription immediately above the entrance, the date of 
which is illegible, but the words from Philippians i, v. 21, may still 



be seen : — 



Mihi vivere Chrislus 
Et mori lucrum. 



H 3 



S3 THE ANNALS OF ST. LAVES HART STREET. 

There is a smaller burial ground on the other side of Seething 
Lane, and J. B. G., in Gent. Mag., referred to, speaks of the entrance 
as though he were describing the Gateway just mentioned. " One of 
those examples which, although not very rare, yet possess a superfluity 
of carving in which deaths' heads, etc., are bountifully introduced, they are 
nevertheless objects of curiosity." Possibly this suggestive imagery 
expressed the vivid idea of death which the great Plague had stamped on 
men's imaginations. 

Newcourt, 1708, has this reference to the smaller burial ground : — 
"On March 25, 1680 [about fourteen years after the Plague], there was a 
piece of ground on the east-side of Sything Lane, over against the east- 
end of this Church [i.e.., St. Olave's], walled in, containing in length 
36 foot, and in breadth 22 foot, consecrated for this Parish by the present 
Bishop of London " [Bishop Compton]. 




THE PRE-REFORMATION PERIOD. 




CHAPTER IV. 

Interior of St. Olave's Church prior to the Reformation. Altars or Chapels mentioned in Wills. 
Trade Fraternities or Guilds, predecessors of the City Companies. Fifteenth Century Gifts 
to the Church; donors, Fermer, Bosard and Corston. Chantries. Sir Richard Ifaddon's 
Chantry Bequest, 1525. Chantry Certificates in the Record Office. Detailed List of Church 
Goods as certified by the Churchwardens of St. Olave's at the Guildhall in 1552. Ritual 
of a Funeral at St. Olave's in 1557. ^'Apaire of Organes" alluded to in 1^08 and 1332. 

,S the Church of St. Olave existed many years before the 
Reformation — the present structure having probably been 
built about the middle of the fifteenth century, as mentioned 
in chapter ii — we naturally endeavour to form a notion as 
to what were the internal arrangements of the building, and what 
church furniture, vestments, and ecclesiastical usages were in vogue 
at that period. In the adjoining parish of Allhallows Staining, the 
Churchwardens' Accounts, from the year 1491, have been preserved, and 
throw much light on ecclesiastical matters in the sixteenth century,' but 
our Parish records are not old enough to help us here. Still, there is 
another source of information open to us, which will gratify our curiosity 
to some extent — I mean .pre- Reformation Wills. As we read these, we 
can picture to ourselves the Church of St. Olave and the sanctuary ; 
the beam across the entrance to the chancel, with the rood or crucifix 
attached to it, and a light hanging from the rood beam, the beam-light, 

' See chapter xxiii. 



54 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVKS HART STREET. 

as it was called, kindled, and always burning before the high altar. In 
the north choir there was doubtless the Lady Chapel containing the 
altar of the Blessed Virgin Mary, in splendour second only to the high 
altar ; in the south choir, perhaps, the chapel of our Lady and Saint 
George ; in the north aisle, it may be, " y' image of Saynte Olave" ; and 
in the south aisle, the chapel of Saint Stephen. This imaginative 
reconstruction of the interior of St. Olave's Church as it was before the 
Reformation, is supported by statements in the following Wills of persons 
giving directions as to their place of burial in St. Olave's, viz. : — 

" Before the altar of St. Mary," Hurer, 1303, Hust. 

" In the chapell of our lady and St. George," William Robyns, the 

younger, 1529, P.C.C. 13, Jankyn. 
" Before ye ymage of Saynte Olave," Salle, 1496, P.C.C. [A 

filed will.] 
" In the chapell of Seint Stephyn," Cely. See chapter ii, p. 22. 
" Before the Sacrament {i.e., reserved) over the High Aulter in the 

Quer " ; mention is also made of " an aulter of Saynct George." 

John Robyns, mercer and merchant of the staple at Calais, 

1512-13, P.C.C. 2 and 15, Fetiplace. 
"In the chancel," John atte Welle, hurer {cap maker), 1380, Comt 

Ct. I, Courtney, fo. 9. 
" On the north side of the chancel," John Lakford, also hurer, 1409, 

and his widow Alice, 1410, Com. Ct. 2, Brown, fos. 8 and 6. 
"On the south side," John Bosard, rector, 1404, P.C.C. 54, Brown. 
" For the maintaining of the beam-light," Bosard, supra. 

The beam-light, however, was but one of many lights or candles that 
were burning in St. Olave's. Before every altar one would see wax tapers 
or lights, especially before the altar of St. Mary; and on the Great Festivals 
no contrast could be greater than was presented as the worshipper entered 
the parish church from the little, narrow, dimly lighted street in which it 
stood. Again and again we read of bequests for maintaining wax in St. 
Olave's, and divers lights, and it was quite customary for the testator to 
leave for this purpose "conscience money" for tithes forgotten or wilfully 



THE PRE-REFORMATION PERIOD. 55 

withheld, e.g., " Before the altar of St. Mary." — Hurer, 1303, ffzisL " For 
maintaining wax in St. Olave's." — De la More, Cecilia (late wife of Ralph), 
1315, HusL "Divers lights." — Glaston, 1374, HusL "For tithes for- 
gotten, etc." — Tromy, 1463, P.C.C. 2, Godyn, already quoted. 

In the fourteenth century people of the same trade in one parish, or 
in several parishes, formed themselves into a Brotherhood or Fraternity, 
and placed themselves under the protection of a particular Saint whose 
Festival they made a point of observing. They had masses said or sung for 
the souls of the members of the Brotherhood ; and they had wax tapers 
maintained at their own cost ; ex ztno disce omnes, in the Will of one 
Hynelond, clerk, proved 1372, Htist., there are bequests inter alia for 
maintenance of the light of St. Mary, and of the light of " Wolwyrchers in 
St. Olave's near the Tower." Quite likely there were also other 
Fraternities for whom masses were said, and lights kept burning.' These 
Fraternities must not be confounded with the City Companies, which 
latter indeed, as a rule, grew out of them. 

We have but a meagre record of the vestments, etc., which were in 
use in St. Olave's prior to the Reformation, but here are a few notices 
of such bequests : — 

Fermer (Lambert), 1402, Hust., left a vestment of black satein, with 
apparel, to serve at the altar of St. Mary, in St. Olave's. 

Bosard (Rector), 1404, also referred to above, "bequeathed for the 
use of his church his book called the new Tropery." This was an office 
book, formerly used in the Western Church, containing the tropes, i.e., the 
phrases or verses occasionally interpolated in the " Introit," " Kyrie," 
" Gloria in Excelsis," " Sanctus," and "Agnus Dei." Tropes have not 
been used, it is said, since the sixteenth century, and the book became 
merged generally in the Gradual. 

And another Rector, Richard Corston, leaves to the Church of St. 
Olave, "vnu quat^'nu^ in quo cont s^luiciu'' Festiuitatf Corpis xj3i. . . . 

' In chapter xvii some details are given of two Fraternities in connection with the church of the Crutched Friars. 

^Quaternum. Ducange says ; " Chartae compactie," that is, in eflfect, a quarto volume. 

'Servicium. A service book for the festivals of Corpus Christi and St. Anne. 



S6 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

aliu quatlnu in quo cont s^luiciu festiuitatf see Anne vnu 

vestimentu de Worstede blod" colons Cum duob3 towell' ad vsum 
sepeliend' in eadm ecctia . . . vna Capam de serico et auro 
voc Ragamass.3 Itm lego eidm ecctie duo pcessionalt." 't Prob. 1459-60, 
Com. Ct. 5 Sharp, fo. 209. 

CHANTRIES. 

One or more of the chapels in St. Olave's which have been 
mentioned— and there were probably others of which we have no record — 
were Chantry Chapels, i.e., little shrines or side altars at which the priest 
daily celebrated mass for the good of a single family, as well for the repose 
of the souls of deceased members, as for the prosperity of the living. To 
make provision for a number of masses to be said for the benefit of the 
testator's soul, was a much commoner and less expensive usage than to 
endow a chantry and chantry priest. Testators often prescribed a 
"trental,"5 i.e., thirty masses, and left bequests to certain Orders of Friars 
to provide for their celebration. The chantry priest^ was quite independent 
of the Rector of the Church. The following are a few examples referring 
to St. Olave's parish : — 

John de Sudbury's will, 1346,' contains bequests to various religious 
orders for celebrating a trental for the good of his soul, and the souls of 
Cristiana, his wife, and others ; also, the moiety of the value of a tenement 

^Sc. blocUi. Med. Lat., i.e., the colour of blood. ^To be used in the burial office. 

"A cope of silk and gold, called Ragamass. Racamas, a kind of precious cloth, from the Spanish 
"recamar," and the Hebrew "racam," to embroider. Ducange, Gloss. Cf. Judges v, 30, cm "racam,"= 
"needlework," etc. 

•' Processionalia. Two service books regulating processions. 
* Three masses were to be said on each of the ten chief festivals. 
°A chaplain to say mass: Hewete, Rector, 1427. Com. Ct. 3 More, fo. 3. 
And ran to Londone, unto seynte Poules, 
To seeken him a chaunterie for soules. 

Chaucer. The Prologue, I. jog. 
Of chantries in .St. Paul's Cathedral, Dugdale writes: "Of these the most ancient that I have met 
with was founded, as I guess, about the beginning of King Henry II's reign, consisting of one priest to celebrate 
Divine Service for the soul of Master John de London, and for the souls of all the faithful deceased, Alardus 
being then dean of this church," p. 27. And on page 44 he writes : " All which chantries so continuing till their 
Dissolution, I Edward VI [1547], were then no more but 25 (the several unions before specified having reduced 
them to that number), linto which did then belong fifty-four priests who celebrated daily for the souls of 
their founders."—" History of St. Paul's Cathedral," by Sir William Dugdale. Second Edition, 1716. 

' Hust. 



THE PRE-REFORMATION PERIOD. 57 

in Marte-lane in reversion, for maintaining a chantry in the church of 
Saint Olave. 

Richard Swyneforde, woolmonger, 1353," directed that his body be 
buried at the entrance to the church of Saint Olave near the Tower, and 
left divers sums- for torches and wax tapers to be used at his funeral; also 
bequests to the four orders of Friars within the City, and provision to be 
made for chantries in the church of St. Olave and the church of St. Mary 
de Kyngesswynforde [Worcestershire]. The testator's dispositions in one 
clause of this will, suggest a curious comparative estimate between his 
daughter Margery's right to marry and the good of her father's soul. — "To 
Margery his daughter a tenement in Chickenlane . . . and divers 
household chattels ; but, in the event of her marriage the whole of what is so 
left to her is to be devoted to the benefit of the testator's soul." 

Thomas Miller, 1507-8' (will dated 1472), left the reversion of a 
quit rent issuing from a tenement in Martlane to Robert Gower, parson of 
St. Oloffes, and Churchwardens, for the souls of Robert Trot, talough 
chaundeler, Margery and Anneys, wives of the same, and others. 

Special mention should be made of the chantry referred to in the 
Certificate, Edward VI, in which it is recorded that Sir Richard Haddon, 
1524-5,' alderman and mercer, left to Katherine his wife, a messuage, 
garden and three tenements in Syvedon \Seething\ Lane for life, charged 
with the maintenance of a chantry in the church of St. Olave next the 
Tower, and the observance of an obit, i.e., of the anniversary of his death, 
sometimes called " year's mind." The reversion he bequeathed to the 
Mercers' Company, with the same obligations, and, in default, to the 
Grocers' Company, under like conditions. 

Chantry chapels, however, were associated with the doctrine of 
purgatory, and with pardons, or indulgences which were connected with 
that doctrine, and chantries were suppressed or dissolved at the 
Reformation, in the reign of Edward VI. It is to the Chantry Certificates 
and the Inventory of Church Goods, "a return to the Kyngs Majestes 
Commission made in 1552," that we are chiefly indebted for our knowledge 

■ Hust. 

I 



58 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



of the ecclesiastical furniture and vestments, etc., in St. Olave's on the eve 
of the Reformation and at its commencement' 

The original documents are at the Public Record Office, and the 
following is a copy of those that refer to this Parish : — 



Extracts 
N"- 8i, 82. 



The poche 

of 
St. Olaues in 
Towrestret. 



liij= iiij'' 



wherof 



xiiij= viij'' 



No. 34. 

I To the Kyngg 

1 mayestey yerely 

for ij quitrentg 

in thole 

And then 1 
remaynethe Ixxxviij^ viij'' 



clere 



AUG. OFF.' CHANTRY CERT, 

Robrt lawrence and 

Thomas Faux gave vnto 

the JPson and Churchewardens 
scig for the yerely kepyng of ij 

obites or annyu'lsaryes w' in 

the seid Churche two Tentg 

of the yerely value of 

Ther is of Howselying people w'in the seid pische 
the nomber of 

Sir John Johnson is gson of the seid Churche and his psonage is 
vvorthe by yere xxj'' who s'luethe the Cure hym selff w'oute any helpe. 

Memoranct one Thomas Fyke by Thappoyntement of Sir John Alleyn 
Knyght Deceassed Receved into his Custody Ix'' to thentente 
that 1'' pcell thereof shulde be geven amounge the pore in the 
seid pische after x^ the weke. And x'' resydew to be geven to pore 
maydenes mareges of the whiche of Ix" the seid Pyke haithe not 
bestowed above x'' 



iiij'^ XXXV. 



\ 



AUG: OFF 



St. Olaues 

merke lane. 



The doners 
of the Lande. 

Richard 
Haddons 
Chauntry. 



The value 
of the same. 



CHANTRY CERT. 

The names 

of the 
Incumbents. 



Ther 

yerly 

Stipends. 



No. 88. 

^Yhat 

other 

Promocons. 



S' Thomas 
( y'^ land ( Tide 
(unknowen ( Chauntry 
prest 




The names 

of the 
Conductes. 



none. 



13 JULY, 1552. 



CHURCH GOODS. 



ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



The Sertyfycat or awnswer of Edwarde Halys and Thomas Smythe Churche 
wardeyns of the pishe Churche of Saynt Olave in Harte Strete in the Citie 
of London to certeyne Articles vnto theim exhibited at the Guyld Hall in 
London vpon the xiij'^ day of July in the syxtc yere of the Reinge of oure 
Soverayne Lorde Kynge Edwarde the Syxte' by sir Richarde Dobes Knight 
' The Office for the Augmentation of the Revenues of the Crown. 
^Th3 Second Book of Comtmn Prayer of Edward VI came into use in this year. 



THE PRE-REFORMATION PERIOD. 59 

Lorde Mayre of the same Citie and other oure Soverayne Lorde the Kyng^ 
Comyssyoners assigned to take the [sur]vey and knoledge of the Curche 
goodes and Ornamentj= w'Mn the same Citie. 
Inprimis to the firste article we Certifie that Henry Browne and John Cutbarte were 

Churchewardeyns of our said gishe in the fyrst yere of the reigne of oure Soverayne 

lorde the Kynge that nowe ys. 
Item to the Seconde article we Certifie that we now have belongyng and Appertainyng to our 

saide Churche and in our handg and custody the goodes plate Juells Copes belles 

and other Ornamentg herafter followyng that ys to say 
Inprimis A Comunyon Cup w' a square patten 
Itm A Cope of white Damaske. 
Itm A Cope of blew Damaske 
Itm ij other olde Copes of sylke w' byrdes 
Itm A Herse Clothe of Clothe of golde 
Itm A Herse Clothe of blake and red velvet 
Itm xviij albes of Lynnen Clothe. 
Itm vj alter Clothes of Dyaper. 
Itm V surplesses. 

Itm a byble of the Largest volume. 
Itm iij paraphrases' of the Exposicion of the gospell. 
Itm ij Comunyon bokes. 
Itm v Salters and iij prykesonge° bokes. 
Itm A greate Chest w' iij lokes. 
Itm ij other Chestg and A presse for Copes. 
Itm A Carpet for the Comunyon table of brydges ^ satten. 
Itm ther remanyth in the Stiple iiij greate beles and A Saunce bell.* 
Itm in the quyere A paire ' of Organes. 
Itm A table w' the Tressellg 
Item to the third article we Delyver at this p^lsence here vnder wrytten the true Copy of the 

Inventory certified to the Late bysshop of London. 
Inprimis in DecemBr A° 1548 solde to John Langley goldsmith as myche plate parcell gylt 

after iiij' 'f the Ownce as Amontyd to Ivj ' xiiij^ j*" oB q' as by the particulers ready to by 

shewed may Appere. 

' By Erasmus ; ordered, 1547, to be translated and a copy to be in every parish church. 

^ Music pricked or noted down, full of flourish and variety, {v. Halliwell). ' Bruges. 

'A saunce or sacring bell is either the small bell rung in the church at times during mass, or a bell for the same 

purpose hung in a turret outside the church. Sacring=:consecration of the mass. 

"At the sacring of the mass, I saw 

The holy elements alone." 

Tennyson, "Holy Grail.'''' 
* A pair of organs " meant simply an organ luith ino>-e pipes than one." Cf."^ pair of stairs. " Dr. Rimbault's 

'• History of the Organ," p. 41. 

I 2 



6o THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

Itm solde at that tyme to hym iiij"" iij ownces of plate all gylt after iiij' iiij* the Ownce 

Amontynge to xvij" x' xj**. 
Itm sold syns that tyme of the Comyng out of the Kyngg maiesties iniunccyons certeine brase 
metall belongyng to the said Churche and also certeine peauter amountyng all together 
to the sume of xliiij' 

Of whiche said money Ix'' therof is occupying to iij honest yong men or 

the same pishe thei gyvyng yerly for the occupyng therof after the Rate of the Kyng^ 
Acte And whiche money so yerly comyng is imployed and bestowed parte vpon the 
Reparacions of the Curche and the overplus Distributed to and A mongste the poore of 
the same pish and the Residews is Remanyng in the [handg] of the Curche Wardeyns 
and hath ben and is to be bestowed vpon the reparacyons of the same Churche as 
Apperith by the churche boke. 
Itm to the forth Article we certifie that [John burnell] and Symonde More Churche Wardeyns 
the third yere of the reigne of our saide Soveraigne lorde the Kyng that now ys of our 
saide pish dyd sell to Harry Browne thes pcell^; of plate herafter foUowyng that is to say 
cxxvij owncg di q5' at vj^ the owncg 
Inprimis a Crosse w'owt yron poig' - xlix owncg di 

Itm a Chalys w' A paten all gylt poi? xxjx owncg di 

Itm a Chalys w' A paten pcell gylte poiji xvij ouncg 

Itm a Chalys w' A paten pcell gylt poig x owncf di q3' 

Itm a Crysmytory" pcell gylt poi? xv oncg q5' 

Itm a paxe^ w' Crystall poi? xviij oncg iij q3 

Itm a Mawdelyn* boxe poi3 - vij oncf qs' 

Itm a Lytell Caster poij iij qa' 

Sm" xxxix" xij* viij*^ 

Wherof Symon More paid for the Mawdelyn boxe xxx^ 

Itm sold by the saide John Burnell and Symon More Copes vestment^ and Lynin Amontyng 
to the sume of xxiiii'' ix= xj"* 

the pticulers we cannot by eny meanes bryng forth. 
Layd owt. 
Inprimis Laid owt by the said John burnell and Symon More Churche Wardeynes for the 
castyng of all the lede of the Southe yle of the Churche for Nayles and [soldar ?] and 
for the Cariadge of the Leade to and fro vj'' xij^ 

Itm for Rafters quarters borde Nayles and Workmanship - y" viij^ 

'poi3=weight; di=^ ; q3'=i ; o^=\d. 
' A vessel containing the chrism or holy oil. See Office of Baptism in First Prayer Book of Edward VI. 
'Orosculatory, u small tablet kissed during certain masses. Substituted in the thirteenth century for the 
customary kiss of [seace. 

- A box with a cover, the name coming from the covered box with which St. Mary Magdalene is represented 
in art, See Notes and Queries, x, 474, second series. 



THE PRE-REFORMATION PERIOD. 6i 

Itm to Dyveres Laborers - - xij' viij"^ 

Itm the said Symon More boght ij Cupes and A Cover for the Mynystracyon of the 

Comunyon- xxv" xij^ 

Itm the seid John Burnell sold one of the said cupes weying xxvij oncg iij qz' di at vj^ x'' the 
once to John Renolds Goldsmith Amontyng to [ix'' x'* ij'' ol5 qz']. 

All whiche plate sold and the money bestowed as [is afore] said was Done by the Churche 
Wardeynes and be the .... of the pishe And the Resydew remanyth in the 
handg of [the] vnder wrytten that ys to say 

Inprimis remanyth in the handg of John Wylford - xxxvij'" 

Itm remanyth in the handg of Symon More xx'' 

Itm remanyth in handg of Thomas May Wolman xx'' 

Sm'' Ixxvij'' 
all Whiche money ys belongyng to our said pish at thys p'Isente. 

And as tochyng any more or furder Certaintye then is before declared we cannot by any meanes 

or Wayes shew or declare. 

J3 me Edwardu Halys 

jj me [Thomas Smithe]. 

[Endorsed] 

The Inventory of Saynt Olave 

in Harte Strete. 

On looking through the Inventory, we are struck with the quantity 
of silver-gilt plate that had been disposed of, and how very little remained 
to the use of the Church, indeed no more than " a Comunyon Cup w' a 
square patten," or paten, see p. 59. The rest, about 520 oz. of silver, was 
sold, of the total value of about ^^125. 

With the accession of Queen Mary, however, the old ritual was 
revived, and some ornaments and vestments were restored to churches,' but 
as far as St. Olave's is concerned the only information I have found is 
contained in certain directions in the will of John Johnson, Rector of St. 
Olave's from 1530 to 1557. Here is a brief extract — -"I desire to be 
buried before the High Alter of Saincte Olyves. I will that on the dale 
of my buriall I have six preists and four clearkes to synge Dirige and 
masse, and the same preists to sale masse of the Trynytie, of the holie 

' See chapter xxiii, extracts from the Churchwardens' Books of Allhallows Staining, for the first year of Queen 

Mary's reign, 1553-4. 



62 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLA VE'S HART STREET. 

Ghoste, of the Assumpcon of our Ladie, and of the feaste Corporis Christi, 
and to have foure tapers burnt and sixe staf torches." 1557, Sept. 30, 
P.C.C. 35, Wrastley. 

It will be noticed that the Churchwardens certified, July 13, 1552, 
that "we have now belongyng to our saide churche a paire of organes." 
It is, probably, the same organ that is mentioned in the will of Thomas 
Miller, 1507-8, see p. 57, in which he leaves to Robert Gower, parson of the 
Church of St. Oloffes and churchwardens of the same the reversion of a 
quit rent of thirteen shillings for pious uses in the said parish church. 
" The Clerk of the said Church," he enjoins, " is to have for his labour 
fourteen pence and so that he find oon [one] persone to kepe the Quere 
at same our lady masse while he plaith at organs or elles that he kepe 
the quere whiles that the same personne pleyes at organs." In case of 
default remainders over. 





THE MONUMENTS. 




CHAPTER V. 

Short account^ principally from " Stow" of ancient Monuments no longer existing in the 
church. Memorials still existing. The Brasses — /. Sir Richard Iladdon, about 
1524. II. John and Ellyne Org07te, 1584. III. George Schrader, 160S. IV. Sir 
Andrew Riccard^ idjz. V. Thomas Alorley, 1566. 

I. ANCIENT MONUMENTS, NOT NOW EXISTING. 

ITH the aid of Stow, edit. Strype, 1720, and Maitland, 
1756, we are able to give the following list, arranged 
chronologically, with a few brief notes. 

I. Sir Hamond Vaughan, Knight. Stow gives no 
date, but in 1394, Hamo Vaughan, Kt. (Comm. Ct. i Courtney) directs his 
body to be buried in the Church of St. Olave next the Tower of London. 

2. John, Clarenciaulx King of Arms, 1427. Here is Maitland's 
account, which is much fuller than Strype's. " There was in the middle 
isle, a flat stone inlaid with brass, the figure of a King of Arms in his 
Coat and Crown, and underneath was, formerly, this inscription, of which 
the date of the year was lately remaining in the old black letter : — Orate 
pro anima Johannis Clarencevx Regis Armorvm qvi obijt vjto die Mensis 
Febrvarii, An. Dom. mccccxxvii. 

It is not mentioned by Stow what was the Sirname of this 
Clarenceux ; but it is supposed to have been Arundell ; for there is this 



64 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

entry in the office of the Chamberlain of London, i6 Henry VI, viz. 
Richardus Arundell, "Filius Johannis Clarenceux Regis Armorum, venit 
hie coram Camerario et cognovit se esse Apprenticium Roberti Ashely 
civis et Aurifabri, etc. 

3. Robert Byrche, woolpacker, 1433. Inscription, " Orate pro 
anima Roberti Byrche, Woolpacker : Qui obiit Vicesimo Septimo die 
Julii Anno Dom. 1433, Cujus Anims propitietur Deus. 

4. Dame Johane, wife to Sir John Zouch, 1439. 

5. Richard Cely and Robert Cely, " principall builders and bene- 
factors of this Church." No date is given by Stow, but the will of 
Richard, son of the above-mentioned Richard Cely, was proved in 1493. 
See p. 22. 

6. Thomas Sawle. No date, but he is probably the same as 
Tho. Salle, generosus, who in his will 1496, see p. 54, directs his body to 
be buried in this Church, " before y^ image of Saynte Olave." 

In the Harleian Society's Publications, vol. xiii, p. 43, " Brigita 
filia Thome Sale de Callis et de London, gener. She was the first wife 
of Sigismundus Coton de Panfield in co. Essex Armiger a°- 25 Henry VIII. 
Coton (Cotton) held the manor of Panfield (or Pantfield Hall). See 
Morant's " Essex," II, p. 406b, where this marriage is noted. 

7. " Thomas Penthoit, Citizen and Upholder, of London, and Joane, 
his wife. He deceased the 7th day of April, An. Dom. 1521." 

8. Thomas Burnell, mercer, described in his will, 1548 (P.C.C. 
25 Populwell) as "of the pishe of Saynt Olaves in the Tower Warde 
in London and marchant of the Staple at Callys" directs his body " to be 
buried where y' pleaseth almightie god at the discression of my executors." 
He bequeaths " to xxx honest po' houfeholders of this pyshe of S' O. 
eache of them ii' & vi''- Itm more to xxx po' ffolks of the said pyshe 
eche of them xvi''- Itm to xxx po"^ houfeholders of West Drayton, etc. 

9. Philip Van Wyllender, Esquire, Musician and one of the Privie 
Chamber to King Henry the Eighth of most famous memory, and to King 
Edward the Sixth ; who dyed the 24th day of February, An. Dom. 1553, 



THE MONUMENTS. 65 

and had issue by Frances, his wife, foure sonnes and two daughters. 
He desires to be buried in St, Olave's ; he has property at Cerne Abbey, 
Dorset, and Leighton, Essex. See his will, 1552-3, P.C.C. i Tashe. 

10. A marble monument, near the Schrader brass, with an 
inscription : D. O. M. Matthaeo Babalio, Nobili Ragusino, pietate ac pro- 
bitate insigni, immaturaq ; morte vita defuncto. Anno ^tatis suee 27, 
Domino vero, 1576, Mens. Junio. \See Bur. Reg., 1567. June 5.] 

11. Thomas Beckingham, Esquire, Merchant of the Staple, at Calais, 
and Anne, his wife. He deceased the 4th day of December, An. Dom. 
1576. And she the 22nd of May, 1565. 

12. George Stoddard, Merchant. 

1 3. There was a fair stone in the middle He, with these words about it : 

Here lyeth the body of ALICE HULL, the 
Wife of WALTER HULL,' of London, Gentleman, 
Who was buried the 16 day of November, 
Anno. Dom. 1627. 

In the middle of the stone, with their Armes over it, these words : — 
Though we are dead, yet our lives are hid in Christ with God, 
Christ is to me, both in life and death, advantage. 
Though my flesh faileth, and my heart also, yet God 
is the strength of my heart and my portion for ever. 

n.— MONUMENTS STILL EXISTING. 

Although St. Olave's church has not memorial brasses and marble 
monuments equal to those possessed by St. Helen's, Bishopsgate, and 
Allhallows' Barking, still, the memorials in St. Olave's are in themselves 
of much interest, and have a peculiar charm from their colour and grouping. 
During 1869 and 1870, they received a large addition by the transfer to 
this church of the monuments of Allhallows' Staining, upon the union of 
the two parishes. 

It is proposed to describe in the first place, the monuments with 
their inscriptions and armorial bearings in St. Olave's church and church- 
yard ; and secondly, the monuments from Allhallows' Church, leaving the 
three that are still in the churchyard of Allhallows' Staining to be recorded 
in a later part of this work, i.e., in chapter xx. 

' See Appendix. Benefactions. 

K 



66 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

THE BRASSES. 
All the monumental brasses will be found in the south choir with the 
exception of the Morley brass, which is in the north choir. 



I. — SIR RICHARD HADDON, 

Lord Mayor 1506 and for part of 15 12. 
Near the vestry door is the earliest monument now existing in St. 
Olave's, a Purbeck marble stone, inlaid with brass. Its original position 
was on the north side of the sanctuary, where it was hidden under oak 
panelling for many years, and this may account for no reference being 
made to it in Maitland's London, 1756. In the Journal of the British 
Archceological Association, vol. i, p. 58, in the year 1846, there is a 
reference to its recent discovery, on the removal of a panel. It remained 
in the sanctuary till 1870, when the construction of a chancel and raising 
the floor level, necessitated its being placed elsewhere. 

The Munday edition of Stow, 1633, thus describes it: — "In the 
chancell. In the wall on the north side, is an ancient monument, but very 
much defaced, appearing to belong to Sir Richard Haddon, Mercer, and 
Lord Maior of London, with some show of two wives, two sonnes, and three 
daughters, but the plates of memory are gone." George R. Corner, F.S.A., 
a distinguished antiquary in his day, wrote to me, about 30 years ago, to 
this effect : "No doubt this monument is H addon's, as his arms were or, a 
leg couped at the; thigh, and the monument has also a leg with the foot 
upwards for a crest. The arms of the Mercers' Company also corroborate 
this, and the other shields containing the arms of his wife's family, and 
possibly also his family quarterings, but I have not made out to what 
families they belong." 

The armorial bearings are : — I. A single hose.' Crest : (over an 
esquire's helmet) A man's leg couped below the thigh, in armour, the foot 
upwards, the toe pointing to the dexter, spur on heel. (The shield is 

' This is a canting or punning coat and denotes that Haddon must have been a Mercer by trade as well as a 
member of the Mercers' Company. His actual coat was a leg couped at the thigh ; the one in question is the 
covering of the period for the foot and leg, the open square at the top shows where the garment was secured by 
points or laces to the under part of the doublet. His hereditary coat doubtless suggested to Haddon the canting 
but perfectly correct sign, which suspended over the door of his shop would indicate the particular kind of trade 
that he followed. 



i 




'■'- vv">W' 



MiSmffil>««q||yil»aHa«|||j|f||^.r.^ .. T." ■'■''""-."WMiJag^,,^^,,, j».,.«Sfc>(< 



MONUMENT OK SIR RICHARD HADDON. 



K 2 



68 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

coucWe.) II. Barry nebulae of six, on a chief, a lion passant. [Merchants 
of the Staple.] III. Shield of the Mercers' Company. IV. On a chevron 
between three lions rampant, the two in chief respecting each other, as 
many roundles. [Norland or Northland.] V. Quarterly of four: — 
I. Five roundles in saltire and a chief [Byfield.] 2. A chevron between 
three eagles' legs erect and erased a la cuisse, ermine. [.''Wortham and 
Byfield pedigree sketches.] 3. Bendy of six. 4. A chief dancettee. See 
Haddon and Wyndeut pedigree sketches (A, B, C) in the Appendix. 

Over the matrix, which once contained the plate in memory of 
Richard Haddon himself, is a scroll with the following inscription in Old 
English characters : — " Te deum pr^em ingenitum a quo 01a confitemur." 

Above the wife, to the right of Sir Richard, is a matrix ; but the 
brass is gone. It is more than probable that it was an invocation or a 
confession of the Second Person in the Trinity : " Te filium unigenitum 
per quem 01a confitemur." 

Above the wife to the left of Sir Richard is a scroll inscribed : " Te 
spiritu peraclitu in quo 01a confitemur." 

Over the first wife's three children, Brigitta, Anna, Brigitta, is 
the following: " Libera nos salva nos iustifica nos o beata trinitas"; and 
over the second wife's two children, Willm and John, are the words "Te 
unum in su[bstantia trinitatem] in personis confitem'." 

The large matrix under the principal shield probably once contained 
an emblem of the Trinity. 

In the foregoing scrolls the words are for the most part taken from 
the Antiphons for Trinity Sunday in the Sarum Breviary, but in the 
invocation addressed to the Trinity "libera nos, salva nos, iustifica nos," 
"iustifica" has been substituted for "vivifica." It is believed that the use of 
"iustifica," as applied to the third Person in the Blessed Trinity, is exceptional. 
Yet, curiously enough, this word occurs, and in the same connexion, in the 
Rawson brass, 15 18, in Allhallows' Barking. This brass is in memory of 
Christopher Rawson, whose brother, Richard Rawson, junior, was Rector of 
St. Olave's from 15 10 to 1518, when he resigned. The Rawson and Haddon 
brasses are therefore about the same date. The families were probably 
well acquainted with each other, and it is quite possible that the inscriptions, 
which are exactly alike, were from the same hand. 



THE MONUMENTS. 



69 



II.— JOHN AND ELLYNE ORGONE. 

The entry in the Register is : — 
1580, June 7. Ellin the wife of M' John Organ aged 54 years of a swelling in the head. 
There is no entry of John's burial. 

At the east end of the south aisle is a tablet, inlaid with brass, to the 
memory of John Orgone and Ellyne his wife, with two small figures in the 
usual costume of the sixteenth century. There are two scrolls over the 
figures with the words: " Learne to dye " — " ys ye waye to life." Between 
them is the representation of a wool pack, upon which is a trade mark with 

the initials on either 
side of it : "I O." 
Below the merchant's 
mark are the words : " In 
God is my whole trust," 
and the initials are re- 





i6])oletrnft 



ao3 fliQ, sou %Mt<m^^ 

z^m 55 niifr il urn raHf ^^ 
tat3lfffifffit^Iai!n^4 




peated with a date, 
which, although the 
characters have been 
partially defaced, may 
be accepted as 1584. 
Then follows the in- 
scription : " As I was, 
so be ye," etc. 

There are several 
points of interest con- 
nected with this little 
monument, though we 
gather from it nothing 
beyond the trade of the deceased, and the date of his death. It has 
been suggested that there may have been another plate with a fuller 
account, no longer existing, for it was very unusual at that period 
to be so brief. Our registers contain no reference to John Orgone's 
burial, and possibly he was not buried at St. Olave's ; his wife's is 
recorded 1580, June 7. In the edition of Stow's Survey, 1633, the date 



70 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

is given as 1591, and the inscription incorrectly copied, and the errors 
are repeated in subsequent editions. Stow (1603) does not mention the 
monument, nor does Strype's sixth edition, 1754. 

Maitland, in the margin, Mund. ed. Stow Sun, gives the inscription 

and the date incorrectly. 

" As I was, so be ye ; as I am, you shall be. 
What I gave, that I have ; what I spent, that I had : 
Thus I count all my Cost ; what I left, that I lost." 

John Organ, obiit. An. Dom. 1591. 

The two scrolls over the figures contain a formula of common 
occurrence. In the Church of Allhallows' Barking, there is a variation 
of the words "learne to dye," for which " Lyve to dye" is substituted. 
See brass plate commemorating " William Harmer, Governor of the Pages 
of Honour to Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary and Elizabeth, who died 
in 1560." \_See also the Morley brass, and compare the inscriptions.] 

The merchant's mark with initials is not at all unusual, but is found 
on brasses from the earliest times. The early device somewhat resembled 
a cross with two short legs and a streamer attached to the shaft, and it 
was subsequently modified with some variety. Haines observes that 
" this sort of mark is common on the brasses of woolmen, and was perhaps 
adopted by them from the cross and banner' borne by the Agnus Dei. 
In his " Manual of Monumental Brasses," part i, p. cxxxi, there are 
two wood cuts resembling the Orgone brass, viz., Merchant's Mark of 
John Pergett, Chipping Norton, Oxon, 1484 ; and Merchant's Mark of 
Thomas Pownder, St. Mary's Quay, Ipswich, 1525. 

The six lines beginning with "As I was, so be ye," will not, perhaps, 
be found word for word elsewhere. Hackett, in his "Collection of Epitaphs," 
vol. i, p. 37-38, Lond., 1757, refers to a somewhat similar inscription, e.g.^ 
at Doncaster, in Yorkshire: — 

" Howe ! Howe ! who is heare? 

I Robin of Doncastere, 

And Margaret my Feare^ 

That I spent, that I had. 

That I gave, that I have. 

That I left, that I lost. 

A.D. 1579. Quoth Robertus Byrkes who in this world did reigne 

' Compare the Crest—" a holy Lamb in glory proper "—of the Merchant Taylors' Company. '^ Wife, 



THE MONUMENTS. 71 

three score years and seven, yet liv'd not one. This man gave Rossingoon- 

wood to the public." " I have found," Hackett continues, "two or three 

inscriptions like this; one in the cloisters of Westminster Abbey; another 

in St. Olave, Hart Street, church in Southwark [Southwark, in error for 

London] ; and a third in the Church of St. Faith, as part of the epitaph of 

one William Lambe'; but the oldest, and from which the others may have 

been taken, is in the Choir of St. Peter's Church, at St. Alban's. There 

was to be seen in Scotland some years ago, upon a very old stone, the same 

thought thus expressed : — 

' It that I gife, I haif, 
It that I len, I craif, 
It that I spend, is myne, 
It that I leif, I tyne.' " 

Referring to Lambe's monument, Strype gives simply the lines : — 
" I pray you all that receive bread and pence 
To say the Lord's Prayer before you go hence." 
Maitland, however, gives a long epitaph with some pretty allusion 

to his name, praying : — - 

" That at the day when Lambes & Goats shall sever, 
Of Thy choice Lambes, Lambe may be one for ever." 
and, after quoting the couplet reminding the poor of their duty, adds : — 
" On the upper part of the tomb, were the following lines : — 
' As I was, so are ye ; as I am, you shall be : 
That I had, that I gave ; that I gave, that I have : 
Thus I end all my Cost ; that I left, that I lost.' " 

The thought which underlies these somewhat enigmatical verses has 
often found expression in epitaphs. At Broxbourne, Herts, for instance, is 
the following, on a monument in memory of a priest, circa 1460 : — 
" Si quis eris qui transieris, sta, perlege, plora, 
Sum quod eris, fueramque quod es ; pro me, precor, ora." 
This will illustrate the first two lines of the Orgone inscription. 
The last four lines are illustrated by a note in " Jeremy Taylor's Whole 
Works," New Edition, by C. P. Eden, 1861, vol. iii, p. 302 : — 

" Quod expend! habui. 
Quod donavi habeo; 
Quod negavi punior. 
Quod servavi perdidi." 
It will be found in "The Rule and Exercises of Holy Dying," chap- 
ter ii, section 3, entitled, " Of Exercising Charity During Our Whole Life." 

' For account of Lambe's chapel, St. James in the Wall, Monkwell Street, see chapter xx. 



72 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



III.— GEORGE SCHRADER, 

Died October 3RD, 1605. 
Two brasses on the floor, near the Vestry door, thus inscribed : — 

ORTV PR/ECLARVS, CVRIENS ILLVSTRIOR ARTE 

EFFICIER, PATRIAM DESERIT ISTE SVAM 

DISCENDI STVDIO VARIAS TRANSIVERAT ORAS 

HEV TANDEM FEBRIENS ANGLIA FINIT ITER 

NOBILITAS, VIRTVS, PIETAS, DOCTRINA BEARVNT 

SCHRADERVM SI VIS PERGERE PLVRA SCIES. 



GEORGIVS SCHRADERVS BRVNSVVIGAE ANO 1580 MENSE 
FEBRVA : EX NOBILI FAMILIA PATRE AVTORE SCHRADERO A CO- 
SILIIS SECRETISSIMIS ILLVSTRISSIMORVM DVCVM BRUNSW : ET 
LVNEB : MATRE CATHARINA A VECHTELT NATVS, IN VERA DEI 
NOTITIA EDVCATVS POSTQVAM MAXIM AM GERMANIC PARTEM 
TOTAM GALLIAM BRABANT FLAND. VIDISSET IN ANGLIAM 
SE RECEPIT, INDE DOMVM VT REDIRET FEBRI VERO CORREPTUS 
PLACIDE IN DOMINO OBDORMIVIT 3 OCTOB : ANNO SALVTIS 
1605, ^TATIS SV/E 24 ET HOC IN TVMVLO REQUIESIT.' 



^,|0RTV PRAECLAnVS.C\"RIENS n.LVSTRIOR ARTE 
'^1 ErnCIER, PATRIAM DeSERIT ISTE S\AM 
?||DISCEND1 STVDIO VARIAS TRANSIVERAT OllAS 
psf HEV 'IANDEM FtORIENS ANGLLA EFNIT ITER 
^ NOBIUTAS. VIRTVS. PETAS.DOCTWNA BLARVNT 
JK^'i SChfRADERVN SI VIS PERGERE Pi\T?A SCIES 





\VWvv« v^^<vtfg%>^ti>-«^r 



CcOnOT'S 5CHKADERVS Bm>,swi(;/^ ASn ICBo™iu<r 
SCLIIS StCfiCTISSlWrS IILVSTBISSWOHVM DVCVM t 
JLVNEOiMATSECATHAMMA.AVECIimTNATVSlNVl 
r™„ °™" POSTQVW MA\I.W, CttifMNH I 



a S5 RECEPIT. M][ DOMVM V 



■ REDIRET EEllRI V[RO CORREPTV 



i''i5."?_"i°°""'° OODOBMIVIT, OCTOB: "° 
r IN TVMVLO BEQV 



> >.>a*>^wi.w>v>vy» {tSSwgSS 



' In error for requiescit. 



The entry in the Register is : — 

1605, October 5. George Shraddier 
stranger out of Mr. Howell's 
howse buried in the Chancell. 

The armorials bearing are : — 

1. A hon's head erased,^ crowned. 
Crest : A lion's head erased, crowned. 
[Schrader.] 

2. [Von Wechtelt.] 

The following blazon (with- 
out the tinctures) probably applies 
to this shield : — Vechelde, Bruns- 
wick. D'argent a la bande de sable 
charge de trois roses d'or, bout de 
gules. C. : Un dventail pal6 d'argent 
et de sinople, les deux barreaux 
extt^rieurs de sable, chaque angle 
somm6 de trois plumes de coq 
de sable. [Rietstap's " Armorial 
G6n^ral," ii.J 

- Erased, in heraldry = having a jagged or torn edge. 



THE MONUMENTS. 

VI.— ANDREAS RICCARD. 
A brass plate next the chancel step. 

Hie jacct Andreas Riccard Eques Auratiis 

Vis Ampliiis Lector^ 

Vade in Septcntrionalcm hujus Sacrce ^dis partem 

Et Aiigustnm illud Momimentum 

Ad illitis Perpetuam Memoriam erecttim tuearis. 



73 




The entry in the Register is : — 

1672, Sept. 17. S' Andrew Riccard obij' vj p'nt" & buryed in y= chauncell 
17 Sept' 1672. 
This brass was, until 1871, in front of the chancel rails, at the 
entrance to the vault in which he was buried. 

' " present "=instant. 

L 



74 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



The armorial bearings are : — I. A chevron, in the dexter chief 
quarter a cinquefoil. II. (On the dexter side). Dexter as I, impaHng a 
saltire, in chief are traces of three (?) ermine spots. III. (On the sinister 
side). Dexter as I, impaHng three crescents, each surmounted by an estoile. 
[Bateman.J Crest : A man's head couped at the shoulder, on the head a 
turban. See Riccard pedigree sketch in the Appendix. 



v.— THOMAS MORLEY, 

Died July 2oth, 1566. 
At the east end of the north aisle under the window to the left 
is a brass plate, set in Purbeck marble. 
The entry in the Register is : — 

1566, 24 Julij was buried M' Thomas morly one of the Officers of the Queenes 

ma''" Navie. 

This is one example, out of many, of inscriptions with curious 

conceits and classical allusions so frequent at that time. They often contain 

expressions or words, now obsolete, that throw light upon the state of 

the English language in the sixteenth century. 



lljll[|ljli|l:H!lil:i!^||lll!:|[j|li:|[jlf||l||ll|i;|l|1i'|;i||:'';i||;||[||iit^^ 




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5 lumfiitb lafu* in flf a^p li)> aiBji'Sf 
I fflan Dt! lU'i-piiifli' ni iiw nWxW \sv lUsTjtf 
I iirtthnii til ftp 11111)0 i" nialirlliitlioll* Diinti' 
aui) Ok I'prutBfagmiu-ti'iiui rpltpamtfipcin'' 
BrtiilimtlnflmTrrtiiiiirfli(i(iif,tniiilitimfrlp 
R ilipti ati'opoci ihliun-rtjlunlip' mullbiilid ton'' 
tlmtP to ttirartirr ttirtt)rt- to liralmiUi''albtr nirnmlf' 
f oiV armiiifi' »i.\ t)i;e; jjrarp fu \\t n-aCnp to iialH- 
I g tl)i' llDllut vi Oratlip Untli Inm ni fnintoto folair 

I '^11,^^1'' w' ''8Vpo'Vw^^ attna-ftiW- fm\m Btmi 
^ai'msi" .nni[p ))rt-, iinlLii' aiuV nuiiPtortip iW 
\Kn W Mclliii; inihiUauil tt tlip nivlnl Vrli am> IVoc 
I aiiiHo tiip rlirtr. Iiralirii,,* to tlip irDi-nliair mhrno . 
1)1 /3 \)oum innrlr)! amtolluwii ,t JIaiV rf ii' quwif 
IHfflrfeftfltovfhoHHraf i^irftpiiAt'tir iif rftuan rfp' 
nmiif« ill j-ialipr i^i'ppalii iv n' ; o (laju-of jub U(W- 



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MARBLE MONUMENTS. 



CHAPTER VI. 

Monuments. I. Sir James Deane. 2. Susan Lynn. j. William Turner., M.D., Dean 
of Wells. 4. Peter Turner., M.D. 5. Sir John Mennes \Minns\ 6. Lady Anne 
Radcliffe. J. Alderman Jefferie Kerby. 8. Jane Humhcrstone. g. John James. 
10. Ludolph de Werder. 11. Elizabeth Pepys. 12. Aldermen Andrew and Paul 
Bayning. IJ. William Mills. 14. Peter Cappone. IS. Sir John Radcliffe. 
16. Thomas Debuke. I'j. Tobias Wall. 18. Christopher James Elsenhaimer. 
ig. Sir Andrew Riccard. 

HESE Monuments, with one exception in chapter vii, are 
described according to their position in the church. The 
visitor is supposed to begin at the vestry door, taking the 
Monuments in the following order from right to left : 

(a) in the choir and the aisles (chapter vi and part of chapter vii) ; 

(b) in the nave (remainder of chapter vii) ; (c) on the floor, the ledger 
stones ; (d) the inscriptions in the adjoining churchyard ; (e) Monuments 
transferred from the church of Allhallows Staining in 1869-70 (chapter viii). 




SIR JAMES DEANE, KNT. 

Died May isth, 1608. 

DEO. TRIN. VNI. OPT. MAX. GLORIA. 
HIC JVXTA IN CHORO SITVS EST lACOBVS DEANE EQVES AVRATVS 
VIR BONVS ET IN OPERIBVS CHARITATIS LONGE PRiESTANS QVI PRIMO 
SVSANNAM FILIAM CHROFRI BVMSTED GEN VXOREM HABVIT EX QVA 
VNICVM SVSCEPIT FILIOLVM POSTEA ELIZAB FILIAM HVGON OFLEY 
ARMIGERI ALDERM LONDON DEINDE ELIZAB FILIAM RICHARDI THORN- 
HILL ARMIGERI ET VIDVAM CHROFRI WEBBE ARMIGERI DVXIT CONJV- 

GEM EX QVA DVAS GENVIT FILIOLAS NVLLAM TAMEN RELINQVENS 

PROLEM SE MORIENTE SVPERSTITEM ANNO ^TATIS LXIII XV DIE 

MAII 1608 IN DOMINO OBDORMIVIT. 

L 2 



76 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAF£'S HART STREET. 



The entries in the Register are :— 

1608, June the 2. S' James Deane Knight deceased on the le"" of Maie at his 
howse in hackneye being brought to London, was on the 2 of June 
ffollowing buried in the chancell. 

1600-1, March 16. A Cresom woman child of S' James Deane's. 

This "very 
fair tomb erected 
in the South wall 
of the choir," over 
the vestry door, is 
a good specimen of 
a Jacobean monu- 
^-J ment. It is adorned 
with four Corinth- 
ian columns and 
entablature, and re- 
presents the knight 
in armour, with his 
three wives, kneel- 
ing, the two who 
predeceased him 
holding skulls; and 
three children re- 
cumbent, one below 
the figure of the 
first wife and two 
below the figure 
of the third. The 
monument is sur- 
mounted by a large 

coat of arms, and under his wives are their several coats of arms, 

impaled with his own. 




MARBLE MONUMENTS. 77 

The armorial bearings over the monument are :— Gules, a lion 
couchant guardant or, on a chief argent, three crescents of the field. 
Crest : A demi Hon rampant or, holding in the dexter paw a crescent gules. 
At the foot of the monument : — i. Gules, a lion couchant guardant or, on a 
chief argent, three crescents of the field, impaling argent three mullets of 
the field in bend, pierced {sic\ between two crosses formee fitch^e gules. 
[Bumsted.J 2. Dexter as No. i, impaling gules, four barrulets argent, on a 
chief of the last, a tower of the first, over all a bendlet sable. [Thornhill.J 
3. Dexter as No. i, impaling argent a cross flory gules, between four 
Cornish choughs. [Ofley.] 

The infants are represented as swathed in their chrysomes, i.e., with 
the white vesture which the minister placed upon them immediately after 
baptism, and before they were anointed with the " chrism," or baptismal 
oil. \See the Rubric in the Office of " the Administracion of Publyke 
Baptisme," in the First Prayer Book of Edward VI, in 1549.] 

Originally, such "chrysome-clothe" was devoted to Church purposes. 
The Constitutions of Archbp. Edmund, a.d. 1236, quoted in Bp. Gibson's 
Codex, Lond. 1713, p. 443, order: — 

panni (Eljrismales noit nisi in U5um oniamcntorum (fcclcsicc coiicertantur. 

On which Lyndwood's' gloss is 

(Eljrismales, i.e., quibus inbuitur baptisatus post Cljrisinationem in r>ertice; et 
est nestis canbiba, &c. 

A child, baptised and dying before it was a month old, was called a 
"chrysom," " crisome," or "cresom," and its " chrysome-cloth " served as 
its shroud. There are many entries in our Registers of such children. 

The effigies of chrlsome children upon monuments, and on the 
brasses of parents, are not at all uncommon, especially in the 15th and 
i6th centuries. In the Parish Church of Heston, Middlesex, a monumental 
brass represents Constance, the wife of Mordecal Bownell, vicar, 1570-81, 
In bed, her hands in the attitude of prayer, and, placed on the ornamental 
coverlet above her, is a chrlsome child. An Illustration Is given In Lond. 
and Mid. Arch. Soc, vol. II, p. 210. Haines's "Manual of Monumental 

' Provinciale, Oxon, 1679, p. 33. 



78 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVES HART STREET. 

Brasses," part i, p. ccxix, gives an illustration from Chesham Bois, Bucks, 
with the inscription : — 

Q)f Hog. £ce gcntelma Ijerc \\ii\\ ttje son Benedict £ce crvsom' tnljo" soufe ilju pbo. 

For biographical sketch of Sir James Deane, see chapter xvi. 

Deane's monument was repaired and embellished in 1886 at the 
cost of the representative of one branch of the family, Sir James Parker 
Deane, ll.d., q.c, Vicar-General of the Province of Canterbury. 



SUSAN LYNN, 

Died September i6th, 1834. 
A white marble monument, with the following inscription :— 

SACRED 

TO THE MEMORY OF 

SUSAN, THE BELOVED WIFE OF THOMAS LYNN, 

AND DAUGHTER OF THOMAS SIMPSON ESQ-^-^ 

OF UFFORD, IN THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, 

WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE SEPT" \(>™ 1834, 

IN THE 57™ YEAR OF HER AGE. 

UNDER THE CARE OF AN EXCELLENT MOTHER, 

SHE WAS EARLY GROUNDED IN THE FAITH AND INSTRUCTED 

IN THE PRECEPTS OF HER BLESSED REDEEMER, 

WHICH, WITH UNOSTENTATIOUS FERVOUR, MEEKNESS AND 

EXALTED PIETY, SHE EXHIBITED IN THE SEVERAL DUTIES OF 

CHILD, WIFE, PARENT, AND FRIEND ; THEREBY LAYING UP FOR 

HERSELF A CROWN OF EVERLASTING GLORY, 

THROUGH THE MERITS AND INTERCESSION OF OUR 

LORD AND SAVIOUR, JESUS CHRIST. AMEN. 

HER REMAINS ARE DEPOSITED IN THE VAULT UNDER THE 

SOUTH AISLE OF THIS CHURCH. 

Bur. Reg. 1834, Sept. 24. Susan Lynn. Abode, Trinity Square. 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 79 

WILLIAM TURNER, M.D., Dean of Wells. 

Died July 7TH, 1568. 

On the south-east wall of the choir is a white marble slab with 
black marble frame, with the following inscription : — 

CLARISSIMO . DOCTISSIMO . FORTISSIMOQVR . VIRO 
GVLIELMO . TVRNERO . MEDICO . AC . THEOLOGO . PERITISSI- 
MO . DECANO . WELLENSI . PER . ANNOS . TRIGINTA . IN . VTRAQVE 
SCIENTIA EXERCITATISSIMVS . ECCLESI^ . ET . REIPVBLIC^ 
PROFVIT . ET . CONTRA . UTRIVSQVE . PERNITIOSISSIMOS . HOS- 
TES . MAXIME . VERO . ROMANVM . ANTICHRISTVM . FORTISSIMYS 
JESV . CHRISTI . MILES . ACERIME . DIMICAVIT . AC . TANDEM COR- 
PUS . SENIO . ET LABORIBVS . CONFECTVM . IN . SPEM . BEATISSIM : 
RESVRRECTIONIS . HIC . DEPOSVIT . ANIMAM . IMMORTALEM 
CHARISSIMO . EJVSQVE . SANCTISSIMO . DEO . REDDIDIT . ET . DEVICTIS 
CHRISTI . VIRTVTE . MVNDI . CARNISQ : VIRIBVS . TRIVMPHAT . IN . .ETERNVM 

MAGNVS . APOLLINEA . QVONDAM . TURNERVS . IN . ARTE. 

MAGNVS . ET . IN . VERA . RELIGIONE . FVIT. 

MORS . TAMEN . OBREPENS . MAJOREM . REDDIDIT . ILLVM. 

CIVIS . ENIM . CCELI . REGNA . SVPERNA . TENET. 

OBIIT . 7 . DIE . IVLII . AN . DOM . 1568. 

The entry in the Register is : — 
1568, 9 July was buried Mr. Dcor Turner. 

For biographical notice of Dean Turner, see chapter xvi. 



PETER TURNER, M.D. 

Died May 27TH, 1614. 

Stow, ed. Mund., 1633, describes this as "a fair monument erected 
behind the tomb of Sir John Radcliffe, but somewhat higher, with half the 
lively figure of the party it concerneth." The inscription is as follows : — 



8o 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET 



MEMORL^ SACRVM 

TETRO TVRNERO GVLIELMI TVRNERI PATRIS INCLY" 

INCLYTO FILIO PROBITATIS AC ERVDITIONIS FAMA 

ILLVSTRIVSQVE MEDICINE DOCTORI PERITISSIMO 

QVEM CANTABRIGIA ALVIT HEIDELBERGIA DOCTORIS 

INSIGNIBVS HONORAVIT OXONIVM COHONESTA 

VIT PASCHA TURNERA CONJVX M/ESTISSIMA 

iETERNV PIETATIS AMORIS AC DOLORIS SVI 

MONVMENTVM L.M.P. 

HENRICVS PARREVS EPISCOPVS WIGORNIENSIS 

PASCHA TVRNERI. FRATER M^RORIS CONSORS PUS 

DEFVNCTI MANIBVS HOC EPICEDIVM PARENTAVIT. 

OBIIT MAII XXVII AN. DO: 1614 AN ^TA SV^ 72. 




The entry in the Regis- 
ter is : — 

1 6 14, Maie 28. Peter 
Turner Doct' of 
phisic bur. from 
St. Ellens in the 
South He of y' 
church closs by 
his Father. 

Dr. Peter Turner was 
the son of William Turner, 
Dean of Wells. This mon- 
ument was erected by his 
widow, and the Latin in- 
scription was from the pen 
of his brother-in-law, Dr. 
Parr, Bishop of Worcester. 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 8i 

SIR JOHN MENNES, 

Died February i8th, 167 i. 

On the south side of the sanctuary, fronting westward, is a large 
black and white marble monument of the Corinthian order, with an 
inscription in gilt letters. 

HEIC SITVS EST 

Ds lOHANNES MENNESIVS EQ AVR 

SANDOVICI CANTIANVS 

ANDREW, MENNESII AR (MATTH^I FUJI) FILIVS 

EX lANA lOHiS BLECHENDEN AR FILIA 

VIR PROBVS FORTIS BENIGNVS PIVS 

REI MEDICO CHYMIC^ POETICS GNARVS 

OMNIVM QUIBVS NOTVS DELICMi 

VIX ADVLTVS ORBIS OMNES FERE ORAS APPVLIT 

SITVS REGIMINIS COMERCII MORVM EXPLORATOR 

TERRA MARIQVE IN HOSTES ET PERDVELLES 

lACOBO CAROLO PRIMO ET SECUNDO REGIBVS 

HYPARCHVS STRATEGVS HYPOTHALASSIARCHA 

REI CLASSIARI^ INSPECTOR SVMMVS 

VARUS ET ARDVIS CONFECTVS 

CLAR^ PROSAPI/E DECVS NOMINIS VLTIMVS 

NATVS MARTII 1598 

l8»'o FEBR 1670 DENATVS. 

The dates on this monument were reckoned according to the old 
style, when 25th March was New Year's day. If the present method of 
computing a year from ist January to 31st December be applied to the 
above inscription, Sir John Mennes was born ist March, 1599, and died 
1 8th February, 1671, which are the dates given in biographical notice, 
chapter xvi. 

The entry in the Register is : — 

1670-1, ffeb 27. S' John Menns Comiss' & Comptroler of his Ma'"'' Navy Royall 
buryed in y' chauncell. 

"A New View of London, 1708," describes the arms as gules, a 
chevron Verrey or, and azure between three leopards' faces of the second. 
There are no armorial bearings now existing. For biographical notice of 
Sir John Mennes, see chapter xvi. 

M 



82 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVES HART STREET. 



LADY ANNE RADCLIFFE, 
Died December ioth, 1585. 

In a rude niche on the south side of the altar is the figure in 
alabaster marble of a woman kneeling at a desk or faldstool, which has 
been at some time inverted, the flame represented, therefore, as descending. 

Under the monument is the following inscription :— 

HERE EIETH BURIED DAME ANNE THE WIFE OF SIR 

JOHN RADCLIF KNIGHT WHO DIED THE TENTH 

DAIE OF DECEMBER ANNO DOM 1585. 

The entry in the Regis- 
ter is : — 

1585 December 18 day. The 
Lady Ann Radcliffe late the 
wife of m'- ffuller Judge of 
one of y' Shreifes Courtes 
in guildehall broughte from 
St. Brides. 

On the wall of the 
niche, behind the figure, are 
the following arms in a 
lozenge, surrounded by a 
lover's knot : — A chevron 
ensfrailed between three 
roundles, on a chief, a lion 
passant between two crosses 
pattde fitch^e. These are 
the arms of Benolt,' granted 
temp. Henry VIII. Vide 
E.D.N., Herald's College, 

'Some further light is thrown upon these arms in Harl. MS. 1187, page 14. Visitation of Northampton, 
A.D. 1618, Anne, wife of Sir John Ratcliffe [RadcHffe] [»«'/«, is stated to be daughter of Thomas Benolt, alias 
Clarenceux King of Arms, Rex Armorum, who died in 1534. Benolt had married Maria, daughter of Laurence 
Farmer, of Minster Lovell, Oxon. Benolt was buried in St. Helen's, Bishopsgate. See "Worthies" in 
Dr. Cox's Annals of St. Helen's, p. 243. 




mm. UKTH BVRITin n.V.VU.AN.M: iUE VITFE OF SIR 
i ,Mi\ BAUrtU" IvMOHT \VHt» lUi;|) THE TENTH 
RVU: OK HECEMHKR A.N<N O 1>0M IS85. 



'-rf.iirm.^-V' 



. .g,i»iaKMaaai 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 83 

vol. 56, p. 38. I am indebted to Mr. H. F. Burke, Somerset Herald, for 
this information. 

J. B. G., in a letter to Gent. Mag., April, 1823, vol. 93, part i, p. 316, 
writes as follows : — " In a rude niche on the south side of the nave, and 
also near the altar, is a kneeling female figure, but without inscription. It 
is not of more than half the magnitude of that of Sir John Radcliffe ; nor 
do I find any of the bearings which are sculptured on a lozenge fixed at 
the back of a niche, in the coat which is attached to Sir John's inscription ; 
or I should have supposed it to be the effigies of his lady above referred 
to. The said bearings are . . . between three roundles, a chevron 
engrailed . . . on a chief . . . between two croslets fitchy . . . 
a lion passant." 

There is a tradition that this monument is to the memory of 
Lady Sidney. Bur. Reg., 1612, Augu.st 24th, records "burial of Richard 
y'= Sonne of Si' Henrie Baker in y" chancel one y'= southe side under y= 
fayer stone next to y"= tombe of y"= Ladie Sidnie." The burial of two 
other sons of Sir Henrie Baker is recorded, in 1614 ; one "by his other 
soonn in the chancel" — the other, July 23, "in y^ chancel between the 
Tombe and common pew." 

Yet it should be noticed that Strype, referring to the monument of 
Peter Turner, M.D., calls it " a fair monument, erected behind the tomb of 
Sir John Radcliffe, but somewhat higher." Stow, also, p. 50, records that 
there were monuments in the parish church of St. Olave to Sir John 
Radcliffe, Knight, 1568 ; and Dame Anne, his wife, 1585. 



JEFFERIE KERBY, 

Died December 26th, 1632. 

An alabaster monument surmounted by three shields : in the centre 
arms and crest, at the sides only the arms. 

M 2 



84 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 




MEMORI^ 

SACRVM 

Here lyes interred the body of lefferie Kerby Esq'^ 

Somtyme Alderman of this Citty who was the 

Sonne of lefferie Kerby of Ipswich in y= Covnlie 

of Siiff : Marchant by Olive one of y'= davghters 

of lohn Kinge of y"= said Covnty Gent ; He tooke 

to wife Margaret one of y" davghters of William 

Bay of London Grocer, by whom he had issve one 

Sonne and 4 davghters of whom 3 of his davghters 

only svrvived him viz. Olive, Svsan and Margaret ; 

Olive beinge in his life time maried vnto Henry 

Derham second Sonne of S' Thomas Derham of 

West Derham in the Covntie of Norff: Knight. 

He was a man whom y'^ Tvrkie & East India Company 

for his knowledge and indvstrie had in great 
esteeme : the Grocers Company [of whom he was 

a member] for his charitable minde held fvll 

of pietie : His wife and children for his discreet 

care of them fovnd most affectionate : and all 

good men for his sincere dealinge valewed trvly 

worthy. He lived to the age of 67 yeares & 

died the 26"' of Decemb' 1632 In svre confidence 

of a joyfvU resvrrection. 

Beneath this tablet is the following : — 

In the same interrment lyeth bvried 

Svsan second davghter of the sayd 

lefferie Kerby who lived to y' age 

of 20 yeares very hopefvU & died 

most happie the 26"' of October 1634. 



The entries in the Register are : — 

1632-3, Januar 10, Mr. Jefferye Kirbye was buryed in y^ chancell. 

1634, October 27. Suzanna: Daughter of Jeffery and Katharine Kirbye buryed 

chancell. 



The armorial bearings are : — Over the tablet: I. On a fesse three 
crosses patt^e. II, as i. Crest: Out of a mural crown, an elephant's 
head. III. Dexter, as before, impaling quarterly of four; i and 4. Paly 
of six, and a chief 2 and 3. A bend. Under the tablet : IV. Quarterly 
of four : — I. Sable, a stag's head cabossed or. [Derham.] 2. Argent, on a 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 85 

cross gules, an annulet or. [De Vere of Denver.] 3. Gules, an eagle 
displayed or. [Goddard.J 4. Gules, three gauntlets pendent or, a canton 

chequy of the last, and [Denver.] Impaling quarterly of four ; i 

and 4. On a fesse three crosses patt6e ; 2. Paly of six, on a chief three 
escallops [Bay.] 3. A bend cotised, indented. [Power.] V. Dexter, blank, 
impaling quarterly of four; i. On a fesse three crosses patt^e ; 2. Paly 
of six, on a chief three escallops ; 3 and 4 covered by capital of 
adjoining tablet. 

Under inscription to Susan Kerby : Quarterly of four ; i and 4. 
On a fesse three crosses pattee ; 2. Paly of six, on a chief three escallops ; 
3. A bend cotised, indented. (Femme shield.) (Save where noted, all 
the tinctures have vanished.) Add MS. (Brit. Mus.) 5,524, p. 229. 
Jeffery Kerby, of London, Merchant — argent, on a fesse vert, three crosses, 
pattee or — married a daughter of Baye, of Southampton — paly of six, or and 
gules, on a chief of the last, three escallops of the first. 



o 



JANE HVMBERSTONE, 
Died July 17TH, 1694. 

A large white marble monument, surmounted by two beautifully 
sculptured cherubs, with the shield borne between them. 

IN CHRISTIAN HOPE 
OF A BLESSED IMMORTALITY 
NEAR THIS PLACE LYETH INTER'D 
THE BODY OF JANE, LATE WIFE 
OF MATTHEW HVMBERSTONE 
OF LONDON ESQ'' THE SECOND DAUGHTER 
OF lAMES HOSTE OF SANDRINGAM IN NOR- 
FOLK ESQ"* WHO BEING A PERSON OF SINGULAR 
ACCOMPLISHMTs AND MANY EXCELLENT VERTUES 
HER ENDEARED HUSBAND THINKS THIS MONUM^ 
A MOST lUST DEBT TO HER FRAGRANT MEMORY. 
SHE DY'D lULY Y 17™ 1694 
IN HER 33'<° YEAR. 



86 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



Her Noble Soul and lovely body joyned 

Were Once the joy and wonder of man- 
kind. 

They who have known her thus, with sighs 
confess 

They wish they'd known her still or 
known her less. 

Her Race was fhort, the longer is her 

Reft. 
God Onely wife difposes all things beft. 

HER HUSBAND 

MATTHEW HVMBERSTONE 

ALSO DEPARTED THIS LIFE Y^ 

28 DAY OF AUGUST 1709 

AGED 60 YEARS. 

NIL NON MORTALE TENEMUS. 

The only entry in the 

Register is : — 

1694, July 20. M" Jane 
Humerston Buried in 
y= South Chansell. 

The armorial bearings 
are : — Sable, two bars ar- 
gent, on a chief of the last, 

three ogresses, impaling 

a bull's head affront^e, couped 
at the neck argent, attired or, 
between two wings of the 
last. [Hoste.] 

Sandringham Hall is now the residence of H.R.H. The Prince 
of Wales. 




A white marble slab on black marble. 



TO THE MEMORY OF 

JOHN JAMES ESQi^i^ 

HE DEPARTED THIS LIFE 

DECEMBER n'" 1838 

IN THE 78T" YEAR OF HIS AGE 

UNIVERSALLY BELOVED. 



See Burial Register, 1838, Dec. 18. John James. Abode, 21 Crutched Friars. 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 



87 



LVDOLPH DE WERDER, 

Died December 26th, 1628. 
Alabaster monument of the Corinthian order surmounted with 
shield, crest, and supporters. 

CAVE SIS GRADVM 
PERGAS VIATOR 
PRIVSQVAM HyEC 
PERLEGERIS 
In certam beatse resvrrectionis spem terrse seqvestratv 
hie est exanime corpvs prfeelariE qvondam mentis hospitiv 
viri jvvenis domini Lvdolphi deWerderAnhaltini prsenobili 
ac antiqva Werdorvm familia orticvjus svmmamin Devm 
pietatem inclyti generis seriem amplas ervditi pectoris 
dotes cvjn tam angvsto marmoris non comprehendantvr 
sacro silentio merito obsignamvs. Generosvs hie vir maxim 
partem primvm Germanise Ivstravit in qva famigerabilivm 
aliqvot academiarvm pvta Lipsien Genev Gissen non 
degenerem incolani div egit magnis literarvm nominibvs 
mirvm qvantvm carvs deinde in Belgiam concessit vbi veram 
nobilitatem decentibvs slvdiis qvadrien Leidte combvssit 

tandem 
in Angliam perveniens hie Londini sesqviannvm phthisi 
solito vehementivs laboravit cvjvs maligna obstinatione 
etiam factvm est vt die 26 Decemb anno 1628 natvs 
annos 29 rebvs hvmanis valere svis vero plangere dixerit 
anima sva Creatori svo vnde tam nobile depositvm 
acceperat magna in Christvm fide redonata 
monvmentvm hocce agnati qvibvs acerbvm 
svi desiderivm reliqvit pio dvcti affectv erigi cvrarvnt. 
LECTORI 
QVISQVIS ADHVC VITAM VIVIS SIC vi- 
VITO VITAM LINQVERE EAM QVOVIS 
TEMPORE RITE 
QVEAS. 

The entry in the Register is : — 

1628, Dec' 30. Ludolf Lander Werder fro" tower hill. 

Ludolph de Werder, of Anhalt, a student in the famous Universities of 
Leipsic, Jena, Giessen and Leyden, died of phthisis, in London, agedag years. 

The armorial bearings are: — Quarterly of four: — i and 4. A horse 
saliant, bridled and saddled. 2 and 3. A cross quarterly pierced. Crest. — 
A horse saliant, bridled and saddled, before a column surmounted by a 
plume of peacock's feathers. 




88 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

Mrs. ELIZABETH PEPYS, Wife of the Diarist, 
Died November ioth, 1669. 

A conspicuous monument of white marble on a background of 
Kilkenny marble, with a bust of the lady looking in the direction of 
the Navy Commissioners' Pew in the south aisle. The elegant Latin 




inscription briefly records her history and perpetuates the memory of her 
virtues and beauty. 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 89 



H. S. E. 
cui „ 

Cunas ded, ctob' 23 1640. 

SOMERSETIA 



(under a projecting slab). 



Patrem e prseclara Familia Matrem e nobili stirpe 

De S« MICHEL CLIFFORDORVM 

ANDEGAVIA CVMBRIA 

ELISABETHA PEPYS 

SAMVELIS PEPYS, Classi Regije ab Actis, Vxor 

Quae in Csenobio primu, Aula dein educata Gallica, 

Vtriusq una claruit virlutibus ; 

Forma, Artibus, Linguis cultissima ; 

Prolem enixa, quia parem non potuit, nulla ; 

Huic demum placidi cum valedixerat 

Confecto p amaeniora ferfe Europse itinere 

Potiore redux abiit lustratura mundu. 

(at the foot). 

obiit 
x° Novembris 
(^tatis 29" 
ANNO jConjugii xv" 

'DOMINI 1669" 

The entry in the Register is : — 

1669, Nov. 13. Elizabeth wife of Samuell Pepys Esq' one of his Ma''"Coinishon's 
of y' Navy obit novemb. & buryed in y^ Chaunsell xiii Instant. 

The armorial bearings are : — On a bend between two nags' heads 
erased, three fleurs-de-lis, impaling ermine, three roses. 



THE BAYNING MONUMENT. 

Partly on the adjoining column and partly on the north wall of the 
sanctuary, is a fine alabaster monument, perhaps the most picturesque in the 
church, with two kneeling figures in the dress of aldermen. 

The figure in front is that of Andrew Bayning ; that of his brother 
Paul is at the side, 



90 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 
The inscription over the figure in front is :— 

ANDREW BAYNINGE, ESQVIOR, SOMETYMES ALDERMAN 

OF LONDON LIVED TO THE AGE OF 67 YEARES cSc DYED 

THE 21S' OF DECEMBER ANNO DOM. 1610. 




The inscription over his brother is : — 

PAVL BAYNINGE ESQVIOR SOMETYMES SHERRIFFE & 

ALDERMAN OF LONDON LIVED TO THE AGE OF 77 YEARES & 

DYED THE 30™ OF SEPTEMBER ANN DOM. 1616. 

CONSECRATED TO THE MEMORY OF PAVL AND ANDREWE BAYNINGE ESQVIOR, 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 91 

Under the figure of Paul Bayninge, are the following doggerel lines : 

If all create CITTYES rROSPEUOVSLY CONFESSE 

That hee by whome their traffiqve doth increase 

DESERVES WELL OF THEM THEN TH' ADVENTVRES WORTH 
OF THEIS two who were BROTHERS BOTH BY BIRTH, 
AND OFFICE, PROVE THAT THEY HAVE THANCKFVLL BYN 
FOR THE HONOVRS WHICH THIS CITTY PLAC'd THEM IN, 
AND DYING OLD, THEY BY A BLEST CONSENT 
THIS LEGACY BEQVEATh'd THEIR MONVMENT 

The happy svmme & end of their affaires 

PROVIDED well BOTH FOR THEIR SOVLES & HEIRES. 

The entries in the Register are-: — - 

16 10, December the 23''' Daie. M' Andrew Bayninge buried in the up end of the 

chancell in the valt where S' James Deane was Buried, the ground is clere. 
1616, Octob. I. M' Paull Bayning somtime Alderman buried in y^ chancel in y= 

vault by his Bro : 

The armorial bearings are: — Quarterly of four: — i and 4. Or, two 
bars sable, each charged with as many escallops of the field. 2 and 3. 
Or, a raven perched on a torteau, in sinister chief, a mullet gules. [Raven.] 

Over the tomb of Paul Bayning, Esq., hung the ensigns of honour as 
his coat and streamers ; and the like of the Lord Bayning, Viscount 
Sudbury, his son, there buried in the monument of his father. [Strype, 
vol. i, p. 378.J 



Between the monuments to Mrs. Pepys and Paul Bayninge, on the 
north wall of the sanctuary, is a small but pretty marble monument, with 
draped urn surmounting it, with the following inscription : — 

Sacred to the Memory of 

WILLIAM MILLS 

of Clapham in the County of Surry, Esq' 

who departed this Life June 15 th 1790, 

^t : 73. 

ALSO OF ELIZABETH MILLS 

Wife of the above 

who departed this Life May 19th 1772, 

^t: 45- 

The entries in the Register are : — 

1790, July 2. William Mills, Esq' in the New Vault under the Vestry. 
1772, May 26. Elizabeth Mills in Vault under the Vestry. 

N 2 



92 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



In what was probably the Lady Chapel, on the south wall, is the 
handsome monument of Peter Cappone, a Florentine gendeman, who 

died in 1582; the principal object is an 
alabaster figure, life-size, kneeling, beauti- 
fully sculptured, beneath a canopy. 



The tablet bears this inscription : — 

D . o . M. 

HIC SITVS EST PETRVS CAPPONIVS FLORENTINVS 

AVITA NOBILITATE, CLARVS MORVM INTEGRITATE, 

SVMMIS PRINCIPIBVS GRATISSIMVS EXILIVM QVOD 

INIQVIORE FATO VSVS SVBIERAT, CONST ANTER TVLIT 

OBIIT AN. ^.T. XXXII SAL. M.D.LXXXII 

VI. KAL. NOVEMBRIS. 

MORTVVM BRITANNIA, QVEM VIVVM IN SINV 

T\ LERAT, IN SINV NECDVM DISCINCTO CONSERVAT. 

PETRVS LANDVS EX PARENTIBVS FLORENTINIS 

APVD LVGDVNVM GALLI/E NATVS, HOC 

AMORIS ET MCERORIS MONVMENTVJvI 

P. 

The entry in the Register is : — 

1582, October 27 daye M' Peter Capony 
gent, of the pla. [plague]. 

The armorial bearings are : — Per bend sable and argent. 

Bur. Reg. 161 1, June 24, "Mr. Innocent Lucatella in the 
northe He of the Side quyer under the new pew Close to Capone's 
tombe," shews that Capone lies near his monument. See "Ledger 
Stone," chapter viii, p. 122. 




MARBLE MONUMENTS. 



93 



Sir JOHN RADCLIFFE [RATCLIFFE], 

Died November qth, 1568. 

On the wall to the right of window, in a niche, a figure, truncated at 
the knees, of a knight in armour, with hands clasped in prayer, formerly 
recumbent, now in an erect posture. 

Under the window to the right, in alabaster, are armorial bearings, 
shield, crest and supports, with the following inscription : — 

HIC JACET JOHANNES RADELYFFE [«V] MILES FILIUS RO- 

BERTI COMITIS SUSSEXIE, QVI OBIIT (NVLLIS SVSCEP- 

TIS LIBERIS), NONO DIE NOVEMBRIS ANNO DNI 1568. 

The entry in the Register 




IS : — 

1568, 19 novembr, was buried 
S' John Ratcliffe Knighte. 

The armorial bearings are : — 
Quarterly of eight : — i. A bend 
engrailed. 2. A fesse between 
two chevrons. [Fitzwalter.J 3. A 
lion rampant crowned, within a 
bordure. [Burnel.J 4. A saltire 
engrailed. [Botetourt.] 5. Three 
lucies hauriant. [Lucy.] 6. Three 
bars. [Multon or Moulton of 
Egremonde.] 7. Semee of fleurs- 
de-lis. [Mortimer of Atleburghe.J 
8. A bird preyant on a child. 
[? Kulcheth.] Over all, a mullet 
for difference. 

" In respect to the fair marble tomb mentioned by Stow to have been constructed 
to the memory of Sir John Radchffe (son of Robert, Earl of Sussex), and Anne his wife, no 
part of it is remaining : and if the aforementioned monument of Peter Turner, which is stated 
in the aforesaid edition to be behind this tomb, be a just criterion as to its locality, it was situate 
at the East end of the South aile : but the inscription relative to Sir John (who died in 1568), 
and the sculpture of his armorial bearings appear now in the East Wall of the North aile ; also 



94 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

near to them and within a rudely excavated niche, is an erect figure in armour, of full size 
(and from the position of the helmet behind the neck it has evidently once been recumbent), 
well carved in marble or alabaster. I take this to be the representation of the said Knight, 
which it seems was once lying along the tomb; but of the figure of his wife, who is described 
to have been represented in a kneeling posture beside him, and of the inscription to her 
memory I have at present been able to trace no remnant." — J. B. G., Gentkman^s Magazine 
April, 1823. 

Sir John was the son of Robert, first Earl of Sussex, K.G., by his 
third wife Mary, daughter of Sir John Arundell ; Mary, by a second 
marriage, became Countess of Arundel. See Doyle's " Official Baronage 
of England," vol. iii, p. 480. 



To the left of the window is a white marble monument with the 
following inscription : — 

In the North Vault 

near this place lieth the Body of 

THOMAS DEBUKK Esq^- 

Commnnder of a Ship in the 

lIon'''° East India Company's Service. 

lie departed this life the 6th day 

of March 1770. Aged 55 yeais. 

Also M"- JANE WILKINS 

late wife of the above ' 

THOMAS DEBUKE Esq'- 

who died August 13"' 1803 

aged 83 years. 

Also M"- MARGARET BINGLEY 

who died January 2"^ 1828 

aged 76 years. 

niece of the above 

M«- JANE WILKINS. 

The entries in the Register are : — 

1770, March 15. Thomas Debuke Esq' in N. Vault Chancel part. 

1803, Aug. 19. Jane Wilkins in North Vault Chancel part. 

1828, January 11. Margaret Bingley, abode Waterloo Road, Parish of S' John 

y'' Evangelist. 

The armorial bearings are :— A chevron between three swords, the 
points in chief, impaling on a chief three roundles. 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 
TOBIAS WALL. 

On the north wall of what was 
probably the Lady Chapel, is a large 
monument of the period, with a broken 
pediment, and two busts of white marble 
on a black marble ground. The inscrip- 
tion is as follows : — 



95 




To the Memory of TOBIAS WALL Esq'- 

who Died y= 5^'' of July 1 744 Aged 58. 

and of MARY his wife who Died 

j.e 25t'> of March 1729 

Aged 30. 



The entries in the Register are : — 

1744, July 17. Tobias Wall in the 
chancel vault. 

1728-9,' January 29. Mrs. Mary Wall 
in y= Vault in y'' Chancell. _ 



4* 



"""^^ 




.■. Ill -, , ■ . i-:' !i, ■)i;'i,v „; jim-l 






*i j^- ' ^ '1.1, 




*^>^.<?s^ 



A little to the east of Sir Andrew Riccard's is a monument in 
memory of 

CHRISTOPHER JAMES ELSENHAIMER, 

Died August 6th, i6i8. 

The monument is of black and white marble, adorned with 
Corinthian columns, entablament and enrichments of cherubims. The 

'1728-9. There is a discrepancy between the inscription and the Bur. Reg., but as the monument was not, 
erected till 1744, the error must be in the inscription 25th of March in place of 2.<,\h Jamiary . 



96 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

shield which formerly surmounted it is gone. It bears the following 
inscription : — 

D.O. M.S. 
Viator commorare RIMA 
RE MIRARE 
Christophorus Jacobus Elfsenhaimer ab Elfsenhaim 
in Preprunn Junior Welsensis Austrius Generis splendore 
vera in DEUM religione pietate in Parentes observantia 
in fuperiores charitate et comitate in quosvis vere 
Nobilifsimus Juvenis nobile Famili^e Columen Juventutis 
exemplar artium et linguarum cognitionem in- 
signem pro divinis ingenii sui dotibus in Ratisbonen- 
sium Gymnasio Poetico Altorfiana Argentinensi Basi- 
liensi Leidensi Academiis acquisitam peregrinatio- 
nibus adaucturus hie in Anglia ad Angelorum sanc- 
torum coetum avocatus animam suam Christo 
Redemptori reddidit corpus vero huic solo comisit 
desiderium sui tristissimum omnibus bonis relinquens 
inprimis Parentibus Christophoro lacobo Elsenhaimero 
ab Elsenhaim in Preprunn Seniori et Dorothese ex 
Nobili Ilendeliorum familia prosatEe 
qui P'ilio Unice unisoli senectutis portui extremum hoc 
quod sibi ab illo desideravere animitus amoris monu- 
mentum inter candidissimas lacrymas statuerunt. 
OBIIT ANNO ^TATIS XXI MEN IX DIE XXVIII 
ANNO CHRISTI MDCXVIII DIE VI AVG. 
Nemo nostrum sibi vivit et nemo sibi moritur 
sive enim vivimus Domino vivimus sive morimur 
Domino morimur sive ergo vivimus sive morimur 
Domini sumus. Paul ad Rom. c. 14. v. 17. 
Fili. ad Parent. 
Vivo fruor tandem veris, ne flete Parentes, 
Deliciis, coelo, posteritate, DEO. 

The entry in the Register is : — 

1 61 6, Aug. 8. Christopher Jacob Elsmhaymer. A Gentelman of Germanic bur. 
in y= chancel closs by y= vault by S' Jea. Deane. 

Elsenhaimer was a native of Wels, in Upper Austria, a student at 
the Universities of Ratisbon, Altorf, Basle, and Leiden, and died while on 
a visit to this country, '■' in Anglia, ad angeloru^n sanctorum ccettnn avocatus" 
in the 21st year, 9th month, and 28th day of his age. There is a play 
upon the words Anglia angelorum which reminds one of Bede's widely- 
known anecdote of Angli et Angeli. Gregory the Great, when a deacon, 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 97 

noticed the fair complexion and hair of some youths who stood bound in 
the market-place of Rome, and, when told that they were called " Angli," 
— and truly, quoth he, "for they have Angel-like faces." 

" Responsum est, quod Angli vocarentur. At ille ' Bene ' inquit 
nam et angelicam habent faciem, et tales angelorum in coelis decet esse 
coheredes." Beda, Book ii, chapter i, G. H. Moberly. 

Strype, vol. i, 379, says : — " Near unto him {i.e., Ludolphus de 
Werder), lieth Christophorus Jacobus Elsenhaimer, ab Elsenhaim in 
Preprunn, Junior, Wellensis, Austrius, 1598." The date on the monument 
is MDCXVIII, which Strype seems to have taken as MDXCVIII. In 
the Burial Register it is 1616. Maitland gives 16 18 as the date. 



Sir ANDREW RICCARD, 

Died September 6th, 1672. 
We have next an imposing statue of white marble in the dress of 
a Roman senator, having in his right hand a scroll, not, as Newcourt says, 
"a hammer or mallet, as President of the Turkey Company" : — 

Sacred be the Statue here raised by Gratitude & Respect 

to eternize the Memory of Sir ANDREW RICCARD Kn't. 

A Citizen &. opulent- Merchant of London Whose active Piety, inflexible 

Integrity & extensive Abilities alike distinguished and exalted Him in the Opinion 

of the Wise and Good. Adverse to his Wish, He was frequently chosen Chairman 

of the Honorable East India Company, and filled with equal Credit, for 

eighteen successive Years, the same eminent Station in the Turky Company. 

Among many Instances of his Love to GOD and liberal Spirit towards Man one as it 

demands peculiar Praise deserves to be distinctly recorded. He nobly left the 

PERPETUAL ADVOWSON of this Parish, in Trust iofive of its senior Inhabitants. 

He died the 6* of Sep' In the Year of our LORD 1672 of his Age 68. 

Manet post Funera Virtus. 

An inscription in Latin on a tablet underneath : — 

En ANDREAM RICCARDVM Eq. Aur. 

Civem Londinensem & Mercatorem Splendidissimum 

Virum Pietal^s in Deum Insignis, 

Probitatis Erga Homines Eximioe, 

Existimationis apud omnes Summos ; 

In negotiis maxim^ Publicis Agendis sedulitatis Indefessse ; 

In Muneribus quibusvis obeundis prudentijE simul & Integritatis MaximES ; 

Societatis IndicEe Prsesidem, ssepius Invitum ; 

Societatis vero (uli vulgo dicitur) Turcicse Per octodecim Annos Dictatorem Perpetuum 

Ad illius itaq. Memoriam Societati illi prjEsertim Pergratam 

Monumentum Hoc Ei Honorifice Extruendum 

Impensis guis IHa ipsa Curavit Societas, 



98 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



The following inscription is on the base of the monument 








Corpus ejus Superioti sedis parte 

intra Cancellos 

Ab Australi Latere Menste Sacrae 

Inscripto sub Marmore Depositum est 

Vbi monumentum hoc 

Propter loci Angustias statui non possit. 

Obiit 6'° Septembris 

I Salutis 1672 
Anno ', ^ . ,„ 
I ^tatis 68 

For the entry in the 
Register, see ip. 191. 

There is also a brass 
in memory of him in the 
passage from the Chancel to 
the Vestry. The Riccard 
monument was placed ori- 
ginally in the north aisle ; 
it was removed and placed 
under the organ gallery and 
ultimately restored to the 
north aisle. 

Sir Andrew Ric- 
card, sheriff in 1651, 
knighted July 10, 
1662, was an eminent 
Turkey and East In- 
dia Merchant, and, as 
the inscription re- 
cords, " nobly left 
the Advowson of St. 
Olave's, which he had 
purchased, in trust to 



five of its principal inhabitants." His daughter and heiress, Christian 
Riccard, was married to Sir John Berkeley, created Lord Berkeley, of 
Stratton, who died in 1678, 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 



99 



Pepys makes frequent mention of Sir Andrew Riccard " as one of 
the ablest merchants." The Turkey Company, of which he was eighteen 
successive years chosen chairman, was founded in 1586, and dissolved in 
1825. The East India Company was the greatest and most powerful of 
any trading company ever formed. 




o 2 



MARBLE MO^^UMEmS-contmued. 



CHAPTER VII. 

Samuel Pepys. Unveiling of Pepys's Monument on i8th Maj'ch, 1884. Address by the 
Honourable J. Russell Lowell. 2. The Heraldic Window in North Aisle. 3. Rev. 
David Laing. 4. David Robertson. 5. Peter Pare Tr avers. 6. Rev. John Manley 
Wood. 7. Richard Jackson. 8. Robert and Jane Tulloch. g. Rev. Joseph Hutchinson 
Barber. lO. John Highlord. 11. Edward Henry Jones. 12. Edward Kendall Jones. 
13. John Relph^ M.D. 14. Rev. John Letts. 15. Sir William Ogborne. 16. John 
Grenside. 17. Mary Travers. 18. Admiral Hardyman. ig. Stevens Dineley Totton. 
20. Elizabeth Gore. 21. Rev. H. Butts Owen, D.D. 22. Ralph Bradley. 2J. John 
Watts, President of the Council of New York. 24. John Letts. 



SAMUEL PEPYS, 

Clerk of the Acts and Secretary to the Admiralty, 

AND 

Author of the Diary, 



Died May 26th, 



1703. 



An elegant monument of alabaster with a bust of the Diarist in Caen 
stone, after the Portrait by Hales, 1666, now in the National Portrait 
Gallery. It was designed by Mr. (now Sir) Arthur Blomfield, A.R.A. 

Inscription in gilt letters below the bust: — 



SAMUEL PEPYS 
born Feb-'y 25>i' 1632, 
died May 26"' 1703. 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 



loi 



A shield with arms between three cherubs. 
Inscription gilt : — 



Small tablet below. 




ERECTED . BY . PUBLIC 
SUBSCRIPTION . 1883. 



m 



the 



The entry- 
Register is : — 

1703, June 4. Samuel Peyps 
buried in a vault by y= 
comunion table. 

The armorial bearings 
are : — Sable, on a bend or 
between two nags' heads 
erased argent, three fleurs- 
de-lis of the field, impaling 
ermine, three roses gules, 
barbed vert, seeded or. 

UNVEILING OF PEPYS'S 
MONUMENT. 

As far back as the 
year 1864, on the occasion 
of a visit of the Members of 
the London and Middlesex 
Archeeological Society, I 
proposed that a Memorial 
of Samuel Pepys should be 
placed in the Church of 
St. Olave, Hart Street, and 
promises of support were 
received from the Cloth- 
workers' Company, the 
Trinity House, Magdalene 
College, Cambridge, and 
others. It was not, how- 
ever, till the Members of 



102 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

the Middlesex ArchjEologlcal Society paid a second visit to the Church 
in 1882, that the want of such a Memorial was again publicly noticed. 
Mr. Henry B. Wheatley, who read a paper on that occasion, conferred 
with Mr. (now Sir) Owen Roberts, the Clerk to the Clothworkers' Company, 
and myself. At a Meeting held July 5th, 1882, a committee, mainly 
representative of the great institutions with which Pepys had been 
connected, was appointed, including the Master of the Trinity House, Rear- 
Admiral H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh; the Deputy- Master, Admiral 
Sir Richard Collinson, K.C.B., the Master of Magdalene College, 
Cambridge, the Hon. and Rev. Latimer Neville, M.A. ; the President 
of the Royal Society, William Spottiswoode, Esq., M.A., LL.D. ; the 
Secretary to the Admiralty, H. Campbell-Bannerman, Esq., M.P. ; Charles 
James Orton, Esq., the Master of the Clothworkers' Company. When 
it became known that a Memorial was about to be erected, several 
architects and sculptors kindly offered to design a monument as their 
part in the Memorial. The committee, while gratefully acknowledging 
their liberality, accepted the offer of the architect of the church, Mr. 
(now Sir) Arthur Blomfield, whose design has given universal satisfaction, 
entering, as it does, into the spirit of the subject, and being thoroughly 
in accord with the style of the period. 

The appeal of the Committee for subscriptions met with a liberal 
response, and the monument having been erected, arrangements were made 
for its public unveiling. The Right Hon. the Earl Northbrook, First Lord 
of the Admiralty, consented to unveil the monument, but at the last moment 
was prevented by official business from fulfilling this engagement, and His 
Excellency the Hon. J. Russell Lowell, the United States Minister, had 
promised to assist his lordship on the occasion. The date was fixed for 
Tuesday, March i8th, 1884, at three p.m. On the appointed day the church 
was crowded with visitors, several of the Institutions with which the diarist 
was associated being represented, e.g., the Trinity House by the Deputy- 
Master, and Elder Brethren, the Clothworkers' Company by the Master, 
Wardens, and Members of the Court of Assistants, etc. A short service 
was held and a special hymn sung. After which the Rector of the church, in 
a brief introductory address, said he was there that day to answer a question 



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I04 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFE'S HART STREET. 

which had been addressed to various custodians of this church during the 
last 1 80 years, and to himself personally for the last three and twenty, 
"Where is Pepys's Memorial?" The congregation could see the memorial 
of Mrs. Pepys, wife of the diarist, above the altar, but until now no 
memorial had been raised to Samuel Pepys. Yet Samuel Pepys during the 
years he was writing the Diary lived in this parish, and his mortal remains 
rest here below the altar, but beyond the fact of his name being in the 
Register, there is no other record of his burial in this church. Having 
alluded to the wide notoriety that the name of Pepys has acquired since 
1825, the year of the publication of the Diary, the Rector drew attention to 
the fact that the memorial about to be unveiled is placed at a most fitting 
spot, close to where the Navy pew door formerly was, by which, 200 years 
ago, Pepys used to enter the church from the Seething Lane side. 

Mr. Russell Lowell, the United States Minister, then advanced to 
the foot of the choir steps and delivered an appreciative address on 
Pepys as a Diarist. 

"It was proper," his Excellency said, "that he should read a note 
he had received from Lord Northbrook. This was dated that day from the 
Admiralty, and was as follows : — 
' My dear Mr. Lowell, 

' I am very much annoyed that I am prevented from assisting at 
the ceremony to-day. It would be very good if you would say that nothing 
but very urgent business would have kept me away. I was anxious to give 
my testimony to the merits of Pepys as an Admiralty official, leaving his 
literary merits to you. He was concerned with the administration of the 
Navy from the Restoration to the Revolution, and from 1673 as Secretary. 
I believe his merits to be fairly stated in a contemporary account, which 
I send. 

' Yours very truly, 

' Northbrook.' 

The contemporary account, which Lord Northbrook was good enough to 
send him, said : — - 

' Pepys was, without exception, the greatest and most useful 
Minister that ever filled the same situations in England, the acts 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 105 

and registers of the Admiralty proving this beyond contradiction. The 
principal rules and establishments in present use in these offices are 
well known to have been of his introducing, and most of the officers 
serving therein since the Restoration, of his bringing up. He was a most 
studious promoter and strenuous asserter of order and discipline. Sobriety, 
diligence, capacity, loyalty, and subjection to command were essentials 
required in all whom he advanced. Where any of these were found wanting, 
no interest or authority was capable of moving him in favour of the highest 
pretender. Discharging his duty to his Prince and country with a religious 
application and perfect integrity, he feared on one, courted no one, and 
neglected his own fortune.' 

" That was a character, said Mr. Lowell, drawn, it was true, by a 
friendly hand, but to those who were familiar with the life of Pepys the 
praise hardly seemed exaggerated. As regarded his official life, it was 
unnecessary to dilate upon his peculiar merits, for they all knew how 
faithful he was in his duties, and they all knew, too, how many faithful 
officials there were working on in obscurity, who were not only never 
honoured with a monument, but who never expected one. The few words 
which he was expected to say upon this occasion, therefore, referred rather 
to what he believed was the true motive which had brought this assembly 
together, and that was by no means the character of Pepys either as Clerk 
of the Acts or as Secretary to the Admiralty. This was not the place in 
which one could go into a very close examination of the character of Pepys 
as a private man. He would begin by admitting that Pepys was a type, 
perhaps, of what is now called a ' Philistine.' We have no word in 
England which is equivalent to the French adjective Bourgeois ; but, at 
all events, Samuel Pepys was the most perfect type that ever existed of the 
class of people whom this word describes. He had all its merits as well as 
many of its defects. With all these defects, however — perhaps in con- 
sequence of them — Pepys had written one of the most delightful books that 
it was man's privilege to read in the English language, or in any other. 
Whether Pepys intended this Diary to be afterwards read by the general 
public or not— and this was a doubtful question when it was considered that 
he had left, possibly by inadvertence, a key to his cypher behind him — 



io6 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

it was certain that he had left with us a most delightful picture, or rather, 
he had left the power in our hands of drawing for ourselves some of the 
most delightful pictures of the time in which he lived. There was hardly 
any book which was analogous to it. If one were asked what were the 
reasons for liking Pepys, it would be found that they were as numerous as 
the days upon which he made an entry in his Diary, and surely that was 
sufficient argunient in his favour. There was no book, Mr. Lowell said, 
that he knew of, or that occurred to his memory, with which Pepys's Diary 
could fairly be compared, except the journal of L'Estoile, who had the 
same anxious curiosity and the same commonness, not to say vulgarity 
of interest, and the book was certainly unique in one respect, and that was 
the absolute sincerity of the author with himself. Montaigne is conscious 
that we are looking over his shoulder, and Rousseau secretive in 
comparison with him. The very fact of that sincerity of the author with 
himself argued a certain greatness of character. Dr. Hicks, who attended 
Pepys at his death-bed, spoke of him as 'this great man,' and said he knew 
no one who died so greatly. And yet there was something almost of the 
ridiculous in the statement when the ' greatness ' was compared with the 
garrulous frankness which Pepys showed towards himself. There was no 
parallel to the character of Pepys, he believed, in respect of naiveU, unless 
it were found in that of Falstaff, and Pepys showed himself, too, like 
Falstaff, on terms of unbuttoned familiarity with himself. Falstaff had just 
the same naivetd, but in Falstaff it was the nawetd of conscious humour. 
In Pepys it was quite different, for Pepys's naiveid was the inoffensive 
vanity of a man who loved to see himself in the glass. Falstaff had a sense, 
too, of inadvertent humour, but it was questionable whether Pepys could 
have had any sense of humour at all, and yet permitted himself to be so 
delightful. There was probably, however, more involuntary humour in 
Pepys's Diary than there was in any other book extant. When he told his 
readers of the landing of Charles II at Dover, for instance, it would be 
remembered how Pepys chronicled the fact that the Mayor of Dover 
presented the Prince with a Bible, for which he returned his thanks, and 
said it was the 'most precious book to him in the world.' Then, again, it 
would be remembered how, when he received a letter addressed ' Samuel 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 107 

Pepys, Esq.^ he confesses in the Diary that this pleased him mightily. 
When, too, he kicked his cook maid, he admits that he was not sorry for 
it, but was sorry that the footboy of a worthy knight with whom he was 
acquainted saw him do it. And the last instance he woukl mention of poor 
Pepys's na'ivetd was when he said in the Diary that he could not help 
having a certain pleasant and satisfied feeling when Barlow died. Barlow, 
it must be remembered, received during his life the yearly sum from Pepys 
of ;^ 1 00. The value of Pepys's book was simply priceless, and while there 
was nothing in it approaching that single page in St. Simon where he 
described that thunder of courtierly red heels passing from one wing of the 
Palace to another as the Prince was lying on his death-bed, and favour was 
to flow from another source, still Pepys's Diary was unequalled in its 
peculiar quality of amusement. The lightest part of the Diary was of value, 
historically, for it enabled one to see the London of 200 years ago, and, 
what was more, to see it with the eager eyes of Pepys. It was not Pepys 
the official who had brought that large gathering together that day in 
honour of his memory : it was Pepys the Diarist. As to all the charges 
which had been brought against Pepys, Mr. Lowell said if they could not 
altogether acquit him, they could find plenty of extenuating circumstances. 
He had great pleasure in calling upon the Deputy-Master of the Trinity 
House to uncover the Memorial." 

Captain Webb, Deputy-Master of the Trinity House, then withdrew 
the covering and briefly addressed the congregation. 

Mr. Charles James Orton, Master of the Clothworkers' Company, 
proposed a vote of thanks to Mr. Lowell, which was seconded by 

The Hon. and Rev. Latimer Neville, Master of Magdalene 
College, Cambridge, who expressed the pleasure it had given him to aid in 
the memorial to a former alumnus of his college, who was always earnest, 
diligent, and assiduous in his work, as might be seen from the Diary. 
There were also private reasons which made him feel a special interest in 
the proceedings of that day, and these reasons might be found in the fact of 
his near relationship to the first discoverer of the cypher, Lord Grenville, 
and the first editor of the Diary, Lord Braybrooke. 

p 2 



io8 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

The notices of the Memorial in the press were numerous, and 
showed how wide is the public interest felt in Samuel Pepys. Upon the 
formation of the committee for the purpose of obtaining subscriptions, a 
humorous article appeared in Punch, " Monument to Mr. Pepys (excerpt from 
the Diary of S. P.'s shade) " — and in connection with the public unveiling, a 
leading article in the Times, of March 19th, 1884, and an interesting notice 
of the approaching ceremony by Mr. Sala in his " Echoes of the Week," 
Illustrated London News, of Saturday, March 15th. 

THE HERALDIC WINDOW. 

In the Nofth Aisle, the heraldic window should be noticed, 
commemorating nine of the principal inhabitants of the parish who lived 
in the first half of the present century. See " List of Churchwardens," 
in the Appendix. 

The armorial bearings are as follows : — i. Argent, a griffin segreant 
sable, impaling argent, on a bend azure, three fleurs-de-lis or. Crest : A 
stag's head couped or. — Thomas Morgan Esq. 2. Azure, a chevron 
ermine between three urchins or, impaling azure, a cross moline argent 
between four hearts gules. Crest : A cubit arm erect, habited azure, cuff 
argent, holding in the hand an arrow, point to the dexter, barbed argent, 
shafted and feathered or. — Quarles Harris Esq. 3. Argent, a flower 
(Pfritillaria) gules, seeded or, stalked and leaved proper, impaling gules, on 
a chevron between three lions passant guardant argent, as many lozenges of 
the field. Crest : A demi lion rampant, holding between the paws a battle 
axe argent, the staff or. — Joseph Turnley Esq. 4. Argent, two chevrons 
gules between three stags' heads cabossed sable, over all an escutcheon of 
pretence — gyronny of six, or and azure, a fesse ermine, on a canton sable, a 
castle double-towered argent, an annulet for difference. Crest : A stag's 
head, cabossed sable. — R. Corfield Bucknall Esq. 5. Sable, a chevron 
between three chaplets argent, impaling azure, a fesse counter-compony, 
argent and gules. Crest : Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi ounce rampant 
proper. — William Buckle Esq. 6. Gules, from behind bushes vert, a stag 
courant argent, on a chief azure, three castles of the third, one and two. 
Crest: A stag's head couped argent. — John James Esq. 7. Paly of six 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 109 

argent and gules, a lion passant or, on a chief wavy or engrailed azure, an 
anchor between two martlets of the first, impaling argent, a bat displayed 
sable. Crest : A stag lodged at the foot of a tree, all proper. — Major 
Usborne Esq. 8. Chequy sable and or, on a fesse gules, three leopards' 
heads jessant-de-lis of the second, impaling sable, a cross formee fitchee or. 
Crest : A dragon's head erased argent, langued gules, ducally gorged or. ■ — ■ 
E. Henry Jones Esq. 9. Sable, a chevron between three owls argent. 
Crest : An owl argent. — John Woodley Esq. 



The Rev. DAVID LAING, M.A., F.R.S., 
Died August 6th, i860. 
To the left of the heraldic window is a marble monument to the 
memory of my predecessor. In the upper part is the following inscription: — 

THIS TABLET IS ERECTED 

BY PARISHIONERS AND FRIENDS 

IN GRATEFUL ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF THE CHRISTIAN 

CHARITY, COURTESY AND KINDNESS 

BY WHICH HE ENDEARED HIMSELF TO THEM 

DURING THE BRIEF PERIOD OF THREE YEARS AND 

OF THE SPIRITUAL BENEFITS CONFERRED ON THEM 

BY HIS PRIVATE AND PUBLIC MINISTRATIONS 

AND THE FOUNDATION OF 

A SUNDAY SCHOOL AND BIBLE CLASS. 

In the lower part of the monument is the following : — 

TO THE MEMORY 

OF THE 

REVEREND DAVID LAING, 

M.A., F.R.S., 

RECTOR OF THIS PARISH. 

HE DIED AUGUST THE 6^" i860 

AND HIS REMAINS LIE IN HIGHGATE CEMETERY 

WHITHER HE WAS FOLLOWED 

BY NEARLY 7,000 PERSONS WHO HAD LEARNED 

TO LOVE AND HONOUR HIM. 

I HEARD A VOICE FROM HEAVEN SAYING 

UNTO ME, Write, blessed are the dead 
which die in the lord from henceforth: 
Yea, saith the spirit, that they may rest 

FROM their labours ; AND THEIR WORKS 
DO FOLLOW THEM. — REV. XIV— 13 VER. 

The armorial bearings are: Argent, three piles meeting in point 
sable, impaling argent, a fesse dancett^e sable. [West.] (Tinctures cut.) 
For sketch of Rev. D. Laing's career, see chapter xv. 



no THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

To the right of the last mentioned monument, an inscription on a 
white marble slab : — 

SACRED 
TO THE MEMORY OF 

M". DAVID ROBERTSON 

OF THIS PARISH, 

DIED NOVEMBER 22"*° I782 

AGED 59 YEARS. 

ALSO HIS SON AND DAUGHTER, 

M"- GEORGE ROBERTSON, 

died september 23"*° 1788, 

Aged 40 years. 

MRS' CATHERINE MERRINGTON, 

died DECEMBER S'f" 1819 

Aged 66 years. 

The entries in the Register are : — 

1782, December i^'. David Robertson in the old yard. 

1788, Oct' 2^. George Robertson in the old yard. 

1819, Dec' is"". Catherine Merrington, No. 128, Stoke Newington, Middlesex. 



To the left is a plain marble slab with the following inscription : — 

SACRED 

TO THE MEMORY OF 

PETER PAR6 TRAVERS, ESQUIRE, 

OF 

FAIRFIELD LODGE IN THE COUNTY OF DEVON, 

FORMERLY OF 

THE HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY'S CIVIL SERVICE 

AT BOMBAY 

WHO DIED 26-^" MAY 1833. 

IN HIS 65™ YEAR. 

Bur. Reg. 1833, Jun. 4. Peter Par^ Travers; abode, Fairfield Lodge, n' Exeter. 

In the centre, above David Laing's, a plain white marble slab 
with black marble surrounding it. 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. in 

SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF 

THE REV° JOHN MANLEY WOOD, A.M. 

WHO DIED 24™ APRIL 1836, AGED 72 

AND SARAH WOOD, relict of the above, 

WHO DIED 22"° DEC" 1844 AGED 80. 
THEIR REMAINS ARE DEPOSITED IN THE RECTOr's VAULT. 

ALSO OF ELIZABETH daughter of 
THE ABOVE JOHN MANLEY WOOD 

(by HIS FIRST WIFE ELIZABETH) 

WHO DIED AT RAMSGATE, ly'^" DeC"* 1844 

AGED 56. 

AND OF HIS SECOND DAUGHTER 

CHARLOTTE WOOD, who died at bath, 

16''" AUG^'' 1862, AGED 70. 
ALSO OF HIS THIRD AND LAST SURVIVING 

DAUGHTER MARY ANNE WOOD 

WHO DIED AT BATH 2lST JAN'*' 187O AGED 76. 

See Bur. Reg. 1836, May 3"'- John Manley Wood; abode, St. John's, Hackney. 
1844, Dec. 3i'"- Sarah Wood; abode, Brixton, Surrey. 

On the right, a monument of white marble surrounded with 
black marble. 

IN MEMORY OF 

RICHARD JACKSON 

FOR MANY YEARS 

A RESPECTED INHABITANT OF COOPER'S ROW 

IN THIS PARISH 

WHO DIED NOVEMBER 28'''" 1834 

AGED 66 YEARS. 

HIS REMAINS ARE INTERRED AT HENDON 

IN MIDDLESEX. 

On the left, a similar monument (arms and crest surmounting). 

IN MEMORY OF 

JANE, WIFE OF ROBERT TULLOCH, Esq^^ 

BORN 9™ MARCH I757, DIED IlT" JANUARY 1798. 

ALSO 

JANE THEIR ELDEST DAUGHTER 

BORN 30'''" DECEMBER I782, DIED 26'^" MAY 180O. 

ALSO 

ROBERT TULLOCH Esqi^e 

BORN II'T" OCTOBER 1742, DIED 8'"' AUGUST 1830. 

There is no entry in our Register of their burials. 



112 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

The armorial bearings are : Or, on a fesse gules between three 
crosses croslet fitch^e, as many estoiles, over all as an escutcheon of 
pretence, argent, on a bend three buckles, the tongues in chief. (Tinctures 
cut.) Crest : Out of an Eastern crown a demi lion rampant, crowned, and 
holding ... in dexter paw. 



THE REV. JOSEPH HUTCHINSON BARBER. 

Died November 28th, 1892, Aged 57. 

The stained glass window over the principal entrance was the gift of 
the Rector, parishioners, members of the congregation, and other friends, in 
loving memory of the Rev. J. H. Barber, the devoted Curate of the parish 
for nearly thirteen years. The window, the subject of which is the Sermon 
on the Mount, was the work of Messrs. Clayton and Bell, and was unveiled 
by Mr. R. Honey, Upper Churchwarden of St. Olave's, at the close of 
the Morning Service, Sunday, February nth, 1894; a short dedicatory 
office being said by the Rector. 



On a marble slab let into the wall at the West end of the Church, 
near the Baptistery, is the following inscription : — 



JOHN HIGHLORD SENIOR AND 
SKYNER OF LONDON IN HIS 
LIFE TYME BEING OF THE AGE 
OF FOURSCORE AND SEVEN YEARS 
DYD GIVE FORTY SHILLINGES 
YEARLIE TO BE BESTOED IN 
NEW CASTELL COLE FOR THE 
RELEIF OF THE POORE OF THIS 
PARISH & DOTH ALOW FOR 
FOURE SARMONES YERLIE 
FOR EVER AS BY HIS WILL 
AT LARGE DOOTH APPEARE. 



The entry in the Register is : — 

1619, Jannu. 4. M' John Highord \sic\ aged 89 buried. 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 113 

HATCHMENT IN THE BAPTISTERY. 

There is a Hatchment in the Tower, now the Baptistery, the 
armorial bearings of which are as follows : — Gules, on a fesse wavy- 
argent between two garbs in chief, and in base, as many anchors in 
saltire or, a lion passant azure [in Grant, passant guardant] between 
two roses of the field barbed vert, seeded or, a crescent of the last 
for difference, impaling barry of ten argent and azure, over all six 
escutcheons sable, three, two and one, each charged with a lion 
rampant of the first, a bordure wavy, or [ ? Cecil]. Crest : on a 
mount vert, a demi lion rampant or [in Grant, erminois] gorged with 
a Collar gemel sable [in Grant, azure] holding in the dexter paw a 
rose as in the Arms, and charged on the shoulder with a crescent 
for difference.' 



EDWARD HENRY JONES. 

Died October i2Th, 1865, Aged 74. 

The window over the door leading into the churchyard is in 
memory of Edward Henry Jones, Esq., of Mark Lane, a greatly respected 
parishioner, who was Upper Churchwarden in 1825-6. 

The subject illustrated is the Burial, the Resurrection, and the 
Ascension of the Saviour. It is one of the early productions of 
Messrs. Clayton and Bell, and has been much admired. The window 
was the gift of members of the family. One of his sons, the Most 
Rev. William West Jones, D.D., is Bishop of Cape Town, and Metro- 
politan of South Africa. See also the Heraldic Window, the 8th name, 
E. Henry Jones. 

' The dexter coat (without the marks of cadency) was granted in 1810, to Robert Taylor of Tohners, in the 
Parish of Bishops Hat6eld, Herts, and of the City of London, and to John Taylor, his elder brother, of Titchfield 
Street, in the Parish of St. Mary-le-Bone. I am indebted to Mr. H. F. Burke, Somerset Herald, for this 
information. 

Q 



114 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

In the south aisle, below the window, and a little to the left of it, is 
a white marble monument, with a border of black marble, thus inscribed : — 

IN MEMORY OK 

EDWARD KENDALL JONES, ESQ""'- 

OF THIS PARISH 
WHO IlIEn AT liUDI.EIGH, SAI.TERTON 14'"' NOVEMBER l8l2, AGED 55. 

ALSO OF 

ANNA JONES 

RELICT OF THE AEOA'E 

WHO niEi) AT nuxTON 20'" octoher 1817. aged 57. 

AND OF 

ELLEN JANE MANBY, 
daughter of the above 

who died in LONDON 27'^" AUGUST 1845. AGED 58. 

There is no entry in our Register of the burials of these. 

The armorial bearings are : — Chequy sable and or, on a fesse gules 
three leopards' heads j'essant-de-lis, impaling argent, a fesse chequy argent 
and sable between three eagles displayed. (Tinctures cut.) Crest: a 
dragon's head erased, ducally gorged. 

Edward Kendall Jones was the father of Edward Henry Jones, 
already mentioned, and married Anne, daughter of Henry Kendall, of 
Austrey, co. Warwick. 



Above, and a little to the left of the last monument, is a plain slab of 
white marble, with this inscription : — 



sacred to the memory 

OF 

JOHN RELI'II M.D. 

OIUIT THE 21^'' MARCH 1804 
ANNO JEW 49. 



The entry in the Register is : — 

1804, March 27. John Relph, M.D. in South Vault. 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 115 

A small but beautiful monument in Caen stone below the monument 
to Pepys. 

SACRED 

TO . THE . MEMORY . OK . THE 

REVD . JOHN . LETTS . M.A. 

RECTOR . OK . THIS . PARISH . 

FOR . NEARLY . 20 . YEARS . 

HE . DIED . SUDDENLY . ON . THE . 

24TH . OF . MARCH . 1857 

IN . THE . S?"!'" . YEAR . OF . HIS . AGE 

WHEN .ON A . VISIT . TO . HIS . SON . AT 

STAUNTON . HAROLD . LEICESTERSHIRE . 

AND . WAS . BURIED 

AT . BREEDON . IN . THAT . COUNTY . 

THIS . TABLET . IS . ERECTED . BY . HIS . SORROWING . WIDOW . TO 
THE . MEMORY . OF . HER . BELOVED . HUSBAND . AND . OF . THEIR . CHILDREN 

CHARLOTTE . AMY . SARIANNE 

VIOLA . AND . EGERTON 

WHO . PRECEDED . THEIR . FATHER . TO . THE . GRAVE. 



MONUMENTS IN THE NAVE. 

On the north wall, between the first and second arch, a white marble 
monument, with the following inscription : — 

Near this 

Place lyeth the Body 

of S'* WILLIAM OGBORNE Knt 

who dyed October 13"' 1734 aged 72. 

He was Master Carpenter to the 

Office of Ordnance 35 years ; 

SherrifiF of this City ; 

Colonel of the Militia ; 

An Elder Brother of the Trinity House, 

And one of his Majesty's Justices &c. ; 

A most tender Husband, loving Parent, 

Sincere & kind Friend, a Man of great 

Piety and Vertue, mix'd with much 

Candor and Humanity ; 

Endued with a Noble and 

Generous Disposition ; 
Always ready to Comfort 

and relieve the Poor, 

and in every Circumstance 

of Life worthy of Imitation. 

Also the LADY JOYCE 

Relict of S>« W" OGBORNK K^ 

who Departed this Life 

Aug 4* 1744. 

Q 2 



ii6 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAT'E'S HART STREET. 

The entries in the Register are :— 

1734, October y'= i 7. S' William Ogbourn Brought from White Chapell, Buried 

in the Vault in the Midill chancell. 
1744, August 10. Dame Joyce Ogburn in the chancel vault. 



On the north wall of the nave, a little to the left of Ogborne's 
monument, a slab of white marble with a margin of black marble. It 
bears the following inscription : — 

IN MEMORY OK 

JOHN GRENSIDE ESQi^^ 

OF MARK LANE, 

WHO DIED aS'^" MAY 182O 

AGED 72 YEARS 

AND OF 

SARAH HIS WIFE 

WHO DIED 26'''" MAY 1828 

AGED 77 YEARS. 

THEIR REMAINS ARE INTERRED 

IN THE rector's VAULT. 

Bur. Reg., 1820. John Grenside from Mark Lane, June 3"* in the chancel vault. 

1828. Sarah Grenside bur. from Mark Lane May 31 in the middle 
isle vault. 



On the north wall of the nave, between the second and third arch, 
there are four monuments, all of white marble with a margin of black 
marble ; the lowest of the four is similar in shape to John Grenside's, and is 
inscribed thus : — 

NEAR THIS SPOT 
LIE THE REMAINS OF 

MRS MARY TRAVERS 

RELICT OF 

PETER TRAVERS ESQ"* M.D. 

LATE PHYSICIAN TO THE 

ROYAL HOSPITAL, LISBON. 

WHO DIF.D l^T OCTOBER iSiS : 

AGED 74. 

Bur. Reg., 1815. From Highgate Ocf 7''' in the chancel vault. 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. 117 

Immediately above the monument to Mrs. Travers is a monument 
with the following inscription : — • 

Near this Place lie the Remains 
of CATHERINE, wife of JOHN TRAVERS 

who died the 18"' of June, 1797, aged 57 ; 
Of CATHERINE BROWNE, their Daughter 

who died the 12"' of August, 1795 ; 

And of the above JOHN TRAVERS, who died 

the 25"' of Sept' 1809, aged 72. 

Bur. Reg., 1797. Catherine Travers bur. June 27''^ in the middle chancel vault. 
1795. Catharine Brown bur. Aug' 17''' in the middle chancel vault. 
1809. John Travers Esq., bur. October 2""* in the chancel vault. 

The armorial bearings are : — Sable, a chevron argent between, in 
chief, two escallops, and in base, a boar's head couped, impaling argent 
three bulls' heads cabossed. (Tinctures cut.) Crest: a wolf's head erased. 



On the north wall of nave, immediately above the last mentioned 
monument, is a plain white marble slab with black border, and the following 
inscription : — 



SACRED TO THE MEMORY 

OF 

REAR ADMIRAL HARDYMAN, 

C.B. 

WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE 

17™ APRIL 1834 

DEEPL Y LAMENTED BY HIS FA MIL Y. 



The entry in the Register describes him as Lucius Ferdinand 
Hardyman, Rear Admiral of the White, C.B., from St. Marylebone, buried 
April 28th, in chancel vault. 

And, immediately adjoining, a similar monument inscribed : — 



THIS TABLET IS ERECTED 
BY THE AFFECTIONATE MOTHER OF 

LiEUT LUCIUS HEYWOOD HARDYMAN, 

THE ONLY AND BELOVED SON OF 

THE LATE REAR ADM'- HARDYMAN C.B. WHO WAS 

KILLED IN COMMAND OF THE REAR GUARD OF 

His REG^ THE S^ " BENGAL CAVALRY IN THE 

RETREAT FROM CAUBUL ON THE 6'" OF JAN'' 1842 

IN THE 26'" YEAR OF HIS AGE, 



ii8 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFE'S HART STREET. 

Lastly, on the north wall of nave, to the left of the third arch, a 
white marble slab with an edging of white marble twisted cable-wise, 
bordered with black marble, and with the following inscription : — 

SACRED 
TO THE CHERISHED KF.MEM DRANCE OF 

STEVENS DINELEV TOTTON ESQ""-: 

WHO DIED JULY 4^^" 1845 

AC.ED 84 YEARS. 

THIS TABLET IS ERECTED 

BY HIS GRATEFUL AND AFFECTIONATE 

NEPHEW AND NIECE 

THOMAS I'ROVIS AND CAROLINE VVENTWORTH WICKHAM. 

Bur. Reg., 1845. Buried from 7 Old Street, Marylebone July loth. 



On the south wall of the nave, between the first and second arches 
eastward, a white marble monument, with the enrichments of the effigies in 
basso-relievo, also fruit leaves and flowers finely carved, with the following 
inscription : — 

UNDERNEATH 

LIES INTERR'D THE BODY OF 

ELIZABETH THE DAUGHTER 

OF S'' WILLIAM GORE 

WHO DYED JULY THE iS"- 1698 

AGED 18 YEARS 

AND II MONTHS. 

The entry in the Register is : — 

1698, July 25. M'" Elizabeth Gore buried in y= Middle Chanfell. 

Her armorial bearings are : A fesse between three crosses croslet 
fitchee. (Tinctures gone.) 

South wall of the nave, a little to the right of centre of the 
second arch, a white marble tablet with black border, with the following 
inscription : — 

IN MEMORY OF 

THE REVD HENRY BUTTS OWEN D.D. 

WHO IN SUCCESSION TO HIS FATHER 

THE REV" HENRY OWEN M.D. 

ALSO RECTOR OF THIS PARISH, 

ADMINISTERED TO IT IN THE OFFICES OF 

CURATE AND RECTOR FOR UPWARDS OF FIFTY YEARS. 

HE DIED I^' DECEMBER 1837. AGED 74 YEARS, 

DEEPLY LAMENTED BY A LARGE FAMILY 

AND CIRCLE OF FRIENDS. 

QUyliRAMUS SUPERNA. COL. III. I, 



MARBLE MONUMENTS. ug 

Bur. Reg., 1837, Dec' 9, buried from Highgate, in the Rector's grave, middle aisle. 
See chapter xv for biographical details. 



Also, between the second and third arches, are two monuments. The 
lower is of white marble with black border, in the form of a shield, thus 
inscribed : — 

NEAR THIS SPOT 

IN THE rector's VAULT 

ARE DEPOSITED THE REMAINS OF 

M" RALPH BRADLEY 

OF CRUTCHED FRIARS 
SON OF 

JOSEPH BRADLEV ESQ'' 

OF ASHBURN, DERBYSHIRE, 

WHO DIED 19'''" MAY 1827, 

AGED 43 YEARS 

GREATLY BELOVED 

AND MOST DEEPLY 

LAMENTED. 

Bur. Reg., 1827, May 26"'- Ralph Bradley; abode. Clutched Friars; bur: in 
chancel vault. 



Immediately above the last is a rather pretty marble, the upper part 
bluish, the lower part white, inscribed : — 

Sacred to the Memory 

of JOHN WATTS Esq. 

formerly President of the Council 

of New York in North America ; 

when that country was subject to 

the British Government: 

He died the 15"' day of August 1789 

in the 75th year 

of his Age. 

The entry in the Register is : — 

1789, Aug. 21" John Watts Esq''- in the Middle Chancel Vault. 

The armorial bearings are : — A tree growing out of a mount 
in base, surmounted by a fesse azure, charged with a crescent between two 
mullets. (Tinctures cut.) Crest : On a mount a cubit arm erect, holding 
in the hand a branch of . Motto — Forti non deficit telum. 



120 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

On the south wall of nave, partly in the clerestory, on the right of 
the third arch, is a white marble slab with an elaborate setting in carved 
wood, with the following inscription : — 

3n 

Znemorv 

of 

JOHN LETTS, EsqRk 

many years of the Royal Exchange, London 

and more recently of Broxbourne, Herts, 

who departed this life 25"' March 185 1 

in the 79"' year of his age 

deeply lamented by all who knew him. 

Also of 

MARY 

his first wife 

who died 6"' October 1815, Aged 42 years 

(interred in S'- Stephen's Coleman S'- ) 

And of 

FRANCES 

his second wife 

who died l^' May, 1848, Aged 60 years. 

At the bottom of the wooden frame is carved : — 

This tablet 
was raised by their surviving children.' 

The burial entries show : — 

John Letts was buried 29th March, 1851, from Broxbourne, Herts, in the vault 
near the foot of the steps from door in Hart Street. 

Frances Letts was buried 6th May, 1848, also from Broxbourne, and in the vault 
near the foot of the steps from door in Hart Street. 

' Of whom the Rev. John Letts, a former Rector, was one. 





LEDGER STONES. INSCRIPTIONS IN CHURCHYARD. 
MONUMENTS FROM ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 



CHAPTER VIII. 

The Ledger Stones in the Churchy names thereon : — Henry Bntts Owen, Daniel Mills, 
John Beare, Ann Russell, John Sansom, Ann Chitty, J. H. B., John Newton, Henry 
Davy, Elizabeth Willis. 2. Inscriptions in the churchyard, j. Fifteen Monuments 
removed from Allhallow^ Staining to St. Olave's in i86g-yo, viz., I. Emma Charlton. 
2. William Frithe. J. Alice Farewell. 4. Mary Bewley. 5. Rev. Jordan Tancred. 
6. Rev. William Holland. 7. Rev. Daniel Fogg, D.D. 8. Thomas Potter, g. Sir 
G. Ray. 10. Hugh Ingram. JI. Monkhouse Davison. 12. John Thistlewood. 
I J. Alexander Smyth. 14. Jane Mary Sharpe. 15. Rev. Lancelot Sharpe. Wooden 
tablet recording benefaction of Mary Benam, IS77- 

^^HE Ledger Stones have the following inscriptions and armorial 
bearings. On the floor in the nave ;- 



BENEATH THIS STONE 

ARE DEPOSITED THE MORTAL REMAINS OF 

THE REV HENRY BUTTS OWEN D.D 

MANY YEARS RECTOR OF THIS PARISH 

HE DIED isr DEC 1837 AGED 74 YEARS. 

THE ABOVE WAS THE SON OF THE 

REV^ HENRY OWEN M.D. 

ALSO RECTOR OF THIS PARISH AND 

VICAR OF EDMONTON MIDDLESEX. 

LIKEWISE IN THE NORTH AISLE 

LIE THE REMAINS OF THE 

REVD DANIEL MILLS, D.D 

RECTOR OF THIS PARISH 

WHO WAS BURIED IN THE YEAR 1683.' 

' 1683 is wrong; probably the error arose from mistaking the burial of Daniell Milles, March 30th, 1683, 
for the burial of the Rector, his father, November 1st, 1689. 




122 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVES HART STREET. 

The entry in the Register is : — 

1689, Nov. I. D' Dan' Milles y" Reverend Incumbent of this parish was buryed 
in y^ chaunsell. 

Under this stone lyeth the Bodies of M' 
JOHN BEARE and M'^ Dousabell Bearf. 
his wife they were married together 34 
years and he lived in this Parish 42 years. 
They were both descended from good 
families in the County of Devonshire He 
was born at Totnes in the said County 
and his wife at Barnstaple with the name of 
Harris. She departed this life the 2'' of June 
1688 in the 78"' year of her age. He followed 
her the 29"' July 1696 in the 78"' year of his 
age they were both examples of piety 
and sanctity of justice and charily of 
temperance and sobriety and now 
they here rest together in expectation 

of Mercy at the great day of 
Restitution. 

The entries in the Register are : — 

1688, June 9. M'' Dulcibella wife of M' John Beare M'^ch' was buryed in y' south 
side Chauncell. 

1696, August 7. M' John Beare buried in y^ South Chanfell. 

The armorial bearings, in the upper part of the stone, are : — Three 
bears' heads erased, impahng three crescents. [Harris.] Crest: A bear's 
head erased. 

In hopes of a blessed Resurrection 

Here lyes U^^ ANN RUSSELL daughter 

of SAM'- & HAN" MAWBY of this Parish 

who Dyed M[ay] y" ii"' 1728 

in y' 31" year of her age. 

Also 3 of her children. 

Also the Body of M^s HANNAH MAWBY Mother of M^^ ANN RUSSELL 

Who Departed this Life Nov' y" 20"' 1732 

in y" 59"' Year of her Age. 

The entries in the Register : — 

1728, May 18'"- Ann Russell in y° old yard. 
1732, Novemb' 24. Hannah Mobbey old yard. 



LEDGER STONES, ETC. 



123 



/« i/ie north choir partly under the pewing, is a ledger stone, with no 
inscription, but with a coat per bend and (?) a bordure. This evidently 
belongs to Capponius, whose monument {see p. 92), is close by. 



hi the north aisle, at the foot of chancel step : 

HERE LYETH ENTER'D THE BODY OF 

M" SANSOM 

WHO DYED Y>^ 20'" OF APRIL 1705. 

Here also lyeth interr'd yi^ body of 

M'^ Anne Sansom 

wife of y<= said M' Sansom who 

dyed October 24"' 17 19. 

The entries in the Register are : — 

1705. Aprill 25. Jn° Sansum Esq' buried in y<= Myddle Chanfell. 
1 7 19, Octo: y^ 30. M" Ann Sansom buried in the Chancell. 

The armorial bearings are :— A cross flory between four escallops, 
all within a bordure. The Crest is covered by pewing. 

In the lower part of the adjoining stone :— 

ANN CHITTY Ohijt y'' j^' May 1729 

^tatis 7 months 27 days 

ANN CHITTY obijt y« 20"' NoV 1730 

.^itatis j month. 

The entries in the Register are : — ■ 

1729, May 6. Ann Chitty a Child in y" North He. 

1730, Novmb"' 21. Anne Chitty in y^ North Chancell. 

The armorial bearings in the upper part of the stone are : — On a 
chevron between three talbots' heads erased in chief, and a mullet in base, 
impaling, a chevron between three spear heads. Crest : A talbot's head, 
erased. 

R 2 



124 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

An inscription scarcely legible : — 

HERE LYETH ENTERED THE 
BODY OF J. H. B. . . . ESQR COMM- 
ON CRIER AND SERJEANT AT ARM- 
ES WITHIN YE CITTY OF LONDON WHO 
HAD TO WIFE ELISABETH VETRYS 

ENTR 

ESSV 

DEPARTED 

IN THE 



At the west end of the nave : — 



Here Lyelh Interd the Body of 
M" JOHN NEWTON Merchant 
of London .... with seven sons 
and Four Daughters. 
He departed this Life 

December y" 2'^ 

In the vear ' °^ """^ ^°"^ '^97 
in tne year ^ ^j. j^j^ j^^ ^^ 

Here alsoe Lyeth the Body of 
MARTHA NEWTON His 

Wife who Died August the 

1 710 in the year of her Age 7 



The entry in the Register is : — 

1697, Dec. 7. M' Jn° Newton Merch' buried in y"= Middle He. 
The coat is illegible. 



Here lyeth the body of 
MR HENRY DAVY of London 

[Merchant] . . . who dyed 
the [6"']' February Anno [1672]' 

Here lyeth the Body of 
WILLIAM DAVY the Father of 
the said HENRY DAVY [i6]50. 



The Bur. Reg., 1672-3, Feb. 11. Henry Davey M't buryed in ye Chaunsell. 

' The dates in brackets [ ] are filled up from Strype's Stow, which mentions the monument of " Henry 
Davy, Merchant, Feb. 6, 1672." The correct date would be 1673, ^^ shown by the Bur. Reg., the date of the 
month being earlier than the 2Sth March, 



LEDGER STONES, ETC. 125 

A black marble slab, inscribed : — 

Underneath lyes interrd the Body of 
M-^s ELIZABETH WILLIS widow 

of Captain FRANCIS WILLIS 

who dyed the 29"' of October 1722 

Aged 84 years. 

The armorial bearings are : — Dexter shield illegible, impaling a lion 
rampant. (Femme shield.) 

At the western end of the south aisle is a fractured black marble 
ledger stone. It had at some time a large plate inserted towards the 
middle; above are three inlaid shields of white marble, but there is no 
trace of armorial bearings upon any of them. Round this slab there 
is an inlaid border, also of white marble.' There is no inscription traceable. 
Probably this was a brass with a marginal inscription. 

In the south choir, near the east wall, is a stone, with armorial 
bearings at the upper end. The coat is illegible, but one can decipher two 
words of a motto, " esse fortes," and part of an inscription, thus: — 

Gove' of his ma 
iesties Garrison of Tanger who 
died 28 July 1677 aged 8 yea^ 
10 days. 

The stone bears another inscription, with some verses, in which 
"perplex" rhymes with "sex," but it is almost effaced. 

The entry in the Register is : — 

1677, July 31. ffraunces ffaireborne Da' of Sir Palmes fifaireborne was buried 
in y= south Isle in y= church from m' John Bowles. 

Strype, 1754, mentions, "among the monuments more modern," that 
of "Frances Fairborn, daughter of Sir Palmes Fairborn, Lieutenant-General 
of His Majesty's City and Garrison of Tangier, July 26th \_sic\ 1677." 



INSCRIPTIONS IN THE CHURCHYARD OF ST. OLAVE. 

Although there are two Churchyards belonging to the Parish, there 
is not even an inscription in what is called the New Churchyard, which is 
on the east side of Seething Lane. 

' The white shield-slabs indicate where the armorial bearings were. 



126 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

In the Old Churchyard we have the following monuments : — 

1. Near the south door of the Church a vault with a brass plate inscribed "Entrance to Mr. 

DAVID EVANS'S Family Vault, 1815." 

2. A tablet affixed to the south wall of the Vestry, in memory of ROBERT WOOD, Farrier, 

1727, £Et. 65; and two children, THOMAS, 1706, one year and one month j 
ROBERT, 1 7 10, one year and five months. 

3. A large brick tomb, "Sacred to the Memory of Mrs. JANE TABER, who departed this 

life the 4th January, 1820, aged 70 years." 

The inscriptions are : — 

1. HENRY BROWN, the . . . of April 17-1, «t. 59, and his daughter ANN BROWN, 

. . . Jan. 1765 (?), Eet. 22. 

2. EDMUND TOGWELL, of Reading, Berks, 13th Feb. 1741-2, Kt. 57. 

3. JOHN KNYGHTE. ... 

4. Rev^i DANIEL MILLS 

8. Mrs. ELIZ. ALINGHAM, wife of W^ ALINGHAM, . . . Dec' 1743, and her two 

brothers, ROB'^ & NATH. SPAGEMAN or STAGEMAN. 

9. MARY ANN, wife of JAMES PAPINEAU, of this parish, h'" June 1824, set. 26; 

CHARLES PAPINEAU, i8th March 1830, st. 13 months; FREDERICK 
PAPINEAU, ist Jany 1839, aet. 8; JAMES PAPINEAU, the Father of the above 
children, isth Janv 1841, ^t. 51; SARAH PAPINEAU, wife of the above JAMES 
PAPINEAU, 7th July 1845, set. 53. 

10. Children of WILLIAM and MARY RIXON, of this parish, CHARLOTTE, isth April 

1804, St. 9 months: EDWARD, i8th Feb. 1813, set. 7 months; HENRY, 31st July 
1837, at. 30; and JOHN SOUTER RIXON, 6th Dec. 1839, at. 39; WILLIAM 
RIXON, the father, 2Sth April, 1851, set. 73, leaving his widow and surviving 
children, &c. 

11. MARY BISHOP, wife of JOHN BISHOP, of this parish, March 4th, 1848, set. 75. 

12. MARY ANN GOODHALL, Nov' 19th, 1838, aet. 42. 

13. Mrs. M. E. GOODHALL, 20th January 1805, set. 32; Mrs. ANN CHANNING, 3rd 

December 1814, set. 76; HENRY HUMPHREY GOODHALL, Esq'-, 3rd Nov. 1835. 

14. HENRIETTA REBECCA, wife of JOHN EDWARD GATOR OSMOND, of Savage 

Gardens, Janv 12th, 1837, set. 27 years. 

15. Mrs. ELIZABETH ALDOUS, ist June 1843, ^t. 43. 

16. ANNE MARGARET dau. of QUARLES & ANNE HARRIS, of Billiter Square, 

30th Dec' 1833, set. 11 years, 9 months. Near this spot QUARLES, their son, 
22 Nov' 182 1, set. 6 months. 

17. The children of EDWIN & ISABELLA BLACKBURN, of Savage Gardens, MARY 

SOPHIA, i2th Sept' 1841, Eet. 3 years and 5 months; WILLIAM BOWLES, 23rd 
Dec' 1850, set, 13 months ; MARGARET, 30th Dec' 1850, st. 3 years and 8 months. 



LEDGER STONES, ETC. 127 

18. WILLIAM BOWLES, 20th April 1852, eet. 64. 

19. Foot Stone, T. J., 1796. F. J., 1820. 

20. MARY ANN BALLARD LAMBERT, of this parish, 23rd Nov. 1831, set. 36, erected 

by her husband, who, with nine children, is left to deplore her loss. 

21. Mr. ROBERT GRAVES, 6th Jan. i8 16, set. 62. 

22. JAMES EDWARDS, of this parish, April 28th, 1822, Eet. 54; three children, viz.: — 

CHARLES EDWARDS, March nth, 1798, £fit. 9 months and 11 days; JAMES 
EDWARDS, August 17th, 1813, aet. 17 months; and GEORGE EDWARDS, Feb^ 
28th, 1815, aet. 9 years; Mrs. SARAH EDWARDS, their mother, Aug. 3rd, 1828, set. 57. 

23. Mr. JOSEPH HUDSON, 3rd June 1805, set. 68. 

24. SARAH, wife of JAMES CROCKER, of this parish, Sept. isth, 1830, set. 31; the 

above JAMES CROCKER, June 19th, 1832, Kt. 30. 

25. JOHN FOTHERGILL, 28th March 1845, ^et. 76. 

26. SARAH ANN ALCHORNE, Oct. 24th, 1804, Kt. i year and 3 months. 

27. JAMES WARING, Esq'=, son of JASPER WARING, Esq., His Majesty's Consul at 

Alicante in Spain, 20th Feb. 1836, set. 21. 



There is a brass tablet facing you on entering the Church from Hart 
Street, with the following inscription : — 

THIS TABLET COMMEMORATES 

THE UNION OF THE BENEFICES OF 

S. OLAVE, HART STREET, AND ALLHALLOWS, STAINING, 

BY AN ORDER OF HER MAJESTY IN COUNCIL, 

MARCH 30, 1870, IN PURSUANCE OF 

THE UNION OF BENEFICES ACT, i860, AND 

OF LADY SLANEY'S TRUST ESTATE ACT, 1869. 
THE PARISH CHURCH OF ALLHALLOWS, WITH THE 
EXCEPTION OF THE TOWER, WAS TAKEN DOWN, 
AND IN THE PLACE OF IT THREE CHURCHES 
ARE TO BE ERECTED AND ENDOWED IN NEW 
DISTRICTS IN THE DIOCESE OF LONDON.' 
ALL THE MONUMENTS WERE REMOVED FROM 
ALLHALLOWS TO S. OLAVE'S. FIFTEEN WERE 
PLACED AT THE WEST END OF THE NORTH AISLE 
AND ONE IN THE BAPTISTERY. 
A.D. 1871. ALFRED POVAH, M.A., Rector of the United Parishes. 



John Mackinlay, 1 Churchwardens ot George Baker, 1 Churchwardens of 

William Verry, ) S. Olave's. Henry Hughes, ) Allhallows. 



' The three churches "erected and endowed" are i. Allhallows, Bromley-by-Bow, 1874. 2. St. Anthony, 
Stepney, 1879, and St. Paul's, Homerton, 1891. See chapter xix. 



128 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

MONUMENTS FORMERLY IN THE CHURCH OF ALL- 
HALLOWS; REMOVED TO ST. OLAVE'S, 1869-1870. 

The following monuments are at the west end of the north aisle. 
Eleven are given in chronological order ; but four, viz., in memory of 
Rev. Lancelot Sharpe, formerly Rector of Allhallows', of his first wife, his 
parents, and of his second wife are placed last. 

BEFORE THIS PLACE LIETH 

THE BODIE OF EMM CHARLTON WIFE OF 

ROBERT CHARLTON CITIZEN AND FISH- 
MONGER OF LONDON BY WHOM SHE HAD ISSUE 
3 SONS & 4 DAUGHTERS AND DIED IN CHILDBED THE 

23"* OF JUNE, 1622, HAVING BEEN MARRIED lO YEARS 

10 MONTHES & 17 DAIES & LIVED 30 ONE YEARS 

FIVE MONTHS & ODD DAIES. SHE WAS YONGEST CHILD OK THOMAS 

HARBY OF ADSTONE IN THE COUNTY OF NORTHAMPTON 

ESQVRE, BY HIS LAST WIFE KATHARINE THROGMORTON 

DAVGHTF.R OF CLEMENT THROGMORTON OF HASELEY IN 

THE COUNTY OF WARWICK ESQVRE AND OF KATHARINE 

NEVYLL SISTER TO THE THEN LORD OF ABVRGAVENIE. 

ET GENUS ET NOMEN NOSTI, NOMENQVE MARITI 

PROGENIEM ATQVE DIES, SIC OBITVM ET TUMVLVM. 
TE LATET IPSE TAMEN, LICET H.T.C EXTERNA TVERIS, 

NOBILIA INTERIVS, NOBILIORA LATENT, 
NOBILITAS VERA EST SANCTIS VIRTVTIBVS ORTA ; 

HANC TENERIS ANNIS HVIC DEDIT OMNISATOR. 
NAM CVM LACTE SIMVL MATERNO RELIGIONEM 

IMBIBIT, ASSIDVE MATRE DOCENTE PIA, 
POSTEAQVE VT VIRES CRESCEBANT, CREVIT IN ILLA 

VERA DEI VERI COGNITIO ATQVE FIDES. 
NEC SINE FRVGE FIDES, FVIT AI.MA, PVDICA, BENIGNA, 

COMPATIENS, HVMILIS, MITIS, AMICA, BONA. 
SIC VERAM VERA CVM JVSTITIA PIETATEM ET 

FACTA BONIS VERBIS JVNXERAT ILLA BONA. 
VT MATER NATAM, MATRIS SIC NATA NEPOTES 

IMBVIT, IMPRIMIS COGNITIONE DEI 
NON SPECIE TANTVM, SED VERE RELIGIOSA 

ET VIRGO, ET CONJVX. ET DOMINA, ET GENETRIX. 
PRINCIPIO FINIS SIMILIS SIC VLTIMA PRIM/E 

LINEA CONFORMIS ; MORTVA VIVA SIMVL. 

EMME CHAKLTON, 

DIED 23"' JUNE, 1622. 

The armorial bearings are: — I. Quarterly of four : — i and 4. A lion 
rampant. 2 and 3. Ten roundles, four, three, two and one. [Zouch.] 
Over all a crescent for difference. H. Dexter as No. i, impaling a fesse 
dancettee ermine, between ten billets, four in chief and six in base. 



LEDGER STONES, ETC. 129 

MEMORI<« SACRVM. 
GVII.IELMI FRITHE SENIORIS SYMBOL^OGRAPHI 
LONDINENSIS, VIRI TAM PIETATE ET MORIB' I'ROBISSIMI 
QVAM ARTE SVA I'ROBATISSIMI, ANNO MT. 74, ET AUCI/E 
CONSORTIS EJVS FIDEUSSIMA), ANNO A'.T. 76, JIATRON^. CIR- 
CA ANNV ^TATIS SEXAGESIMV LITERAR. 4 STVDIA PRIVS 
II.LIBATA NON MINVS FELICITER QVAM INSIGNITER AGGRES- 
SX & VT NVPERIS LVCTVOSISSIMIS PVULICI DISSIDII ET EXCI- 
DII TEMPORIB' CITIVS EMARCESCENTES HAC VITA DECES- 
SERVNT, ILLE 8° MARTIS 1648, ET H^C 6° APRILIS 1649, ET 
CVM DVOB' FILIIS GEORGIO PRIMOGENITO, EDWARDO, ET 
MINIMO NATV PR.IiMORTVIS ET CVM VNICA FILIA ELIZABETHA MIL- 
LER ET DVOB' LIBERIS DICT^ ELIZABETHS SCl' GEORGIO ET ELIZA- 
BETHA MILLER (INTERMORTVIS) HIC CONSEPVLTI JACENT ; TRIBVS ALUS 
FILIIS GVILIELMI ET ALICIA SCILICET GVILIELMO JOHANNE ET 
ALPHONSO FRITHE RELICTIS SVPERSTITIBVS. 

titilla sub axe quies ; varii instar vita cyliiidri est ; 

Attonitisque fiigit inobilis Hora rotis. 
Tessera militice vita est ; huic ferrea fata 

Aiiibiguas peragimt imperiosa vices, 
Sangumeamque cuti insctilpunt operosa ntbricam, 

Dum cai charta, cruor litera, penna Chalybs. 
Syrtibus iiifidis obcingiinur ; aspera nostia 

Sors velitti est rejluis qitassa carina vadis. 
Concutior tectum quasi ab iiiia sede revulsuin 

Candida at astrigei-ajirina stat aula plages. 
Si centrum ccelum sit, et enthea norma dierttm, 

Circinet et cactun hunc fulgida sphesra globum, 
ALternis librata polls fiet ara Salutis 

Non peJe, sacrilega nee temeranda mami. 
Felix cethereum ctijus peril anchora lliuum, 

Cui Nauclera fides et Cynostira Dens. 

The armorial bearings are :— Sable two garbs in saltire or, impaling 
argent, a bend sable, cotised gules, the outer part engrailed, between two 
eagles displayed of the second. 

What was William Frithe's calling? He is described as a 
" Symbolseographus." Strype, referring to the monument, gives, "William 
Frith, painter," which may mean "heraldic painter." Liddell and Scott, 
..;./3oXacorpd0oc, a Writer of contracts, a notary.— Hesych. Cf. " writer to the 
signet. " 



130 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

A small Tablet with the following inscription : — 

S • M • 

Neere THIS place vnder THE Comvnion 

Table lyeth interred ihe body 

of Alice, the beloved wife of 

PHILIPES FAREWELL 

Of London, and Tvrky merchant, 

By whome hee had one onely Sonne 

named JOHN. She was y' davghter 

of JOHN and ALICE WAGER CITIZEN 

and draper of the said CITTY 

who dyed at the age of 26 year^= 

vpon the S"* day of Octb. Ann"- Dni 

1655. RESURGAM 

VIVIT POST 

FUNERA VIRTV= 

The Entry in the Register : — 

165s, Ocf ii"'- Alice Farwell wife of Phillips Farwell marchantt was buryed the 
1 1* of October in the chancell under the comunion table. 
The armorial bearings are :— A chevron between three escallops, 
impaling a lion rampant holding in the dexter paw a sword, the blade to 
the sinister. 

A 
MEMORIAL 

OF 
MISTRIS MARY BEWLEY DAUGHTER OF EDWARD FORD 
MERCHANT AND THE LATE MATCHLESSE WIFE OF THO- 
MAS BEWLEY OF HALL PLACE IN KENT, GENTLEMAN 
AND MERCHANT OF LONDON SHE WALKED WITH 
GOD IN ALL HIS COMMANDMENTS & ORDINANCES : WAS ADOR- 
NED WITH GOOD WORKES AND WAS AN EXAMPLE OF 
WISEDOME MODESTY & LOVE IN HER LAST SICKNESSE 
SHE DESIRED OTHERS TO SETT THEIR AFFECTIONS ON 
THINGS ABOVE AND TO BEWARE OF IMMODERATE LOVE 
AND SORROW SHE SLEPT IN THE LORD THE FIRST DAY 
OF FEBRUARY 1655, BEING THE XXXVFH YEARE OF HER 
AGE AND THE VIITh WEEKE AFTER THE DEATH 

OF 
THAT HOPEFULL YOUNG GENTLEMAN THOMAS BEWLEY 
THEIR ONELY SON A MEMBER OF THE HONBle SOCIETY 
OF GRAVES INNE; HE REMEMBERED HIS CREATOR IN 
THE DAYES OF HIS YOUTH. WAS INGENIOVS & DILIGENT 
A PROFICIENT IN LEARNING & PIETY. HE FINISHED 
HIS SHORT BUT WELL RUN COURSE THE IX^h DAY OF DECEM- 
BER 1658, BEING THE XVIII™ YEARE OF HIS AGE. 



LEDGER STONES, ETC. 131 

THESE (TWO NOW WITH CHRIST) LIVE, DYD & LYE TOGE 
THER IN THE SAME GRAVE NEARE TO THIS PLACE & TO 
BOTH THEIR MEMORIES IS THIS MONUMENT ERECTED 
BY THE LOVING HUSBAND AND FATHER. 

The entry in the Register : — 

1658, Dec' 17th, Thomas Bewley son of Mr. Thomas Bewley marchantt was buryed 
the 17th of Decern' in the chancell. 

See Bur. Reg. S.O.H. 1643 Nov. 14. Mr. Thomas Bewley Marchante 
carried fro: hence into y= Cuntrye. Buryed, chancell. Bur. Reg. A.H.S. 
1658-9 Feb^ 15 Mary Bewley wife of Mr. Thomas Bewley Marchant was 
buryed the 15th Febr in the chancell. 

The armorial bearings are : — Quarterly of four :- — i & 4. Ermine, 
on a canton gules, an orle argent; 2. Argent, a saltire between four mullets 
gules ; 3. Argent three birds close sable, on a chief per fesse, or & gules, 
a pale counterchanged, impaling per fesse or and ermine, a unicorn rampant 
per fesse sable and gules, collared of the first, langued of the last. 



JVear this Place 
In fill afsurance of a joyfid refiirrection 
Rests y^ Body of Jordan Tancred Clerk 
Chaflaine to his Grace y Duke of Leedes 
y Rector of Banvick &" Elmet in y" weft 
Ryding of Yorkshire %oho dyed March 
y 10^'^ in y 81^^ yeare of his Age 
Also y Bodies of William Holland late 
Minister of this parish ( &= Elisabeth his 
wife) in whose time &= cheijly by his 
indefatigable care and paines this Church dr' 
Parsonage hotise were rebuilt And who 
being dead yet speaketh ; hee dyed 
October 6"' [,i6'/'/'\ Aged Sy yeares ; she 
dyed March 5'* i6gg Aged yg yeares. 
To whose Memories Susanna wife of y s^ Jordan &= daughter of y s" Will &= Eli: who dyed 
February <?'■* i^o^. in y 44"^ year of her Age ordered in her life time this Monument to be erected. 

1702-3, March i6th. Jurdon Tankert \sic\ in Chancel. 

1704-5, Feby 13th. Susannah Tankert, in Chancel. 

1677, Octo: 9. Mr. Willam Holland the worthy minister of this psh and a good 

benefactor to the church & parsonage house in whose time they were 

both rebuilt. He lies buried in the Chauncell. 
1 699-1 700, March 5th. Elizabeth Holland Widow of Mr. Holland formerly 

Minister in Chancel. 

S 2 



132 



The annals of st. olave's hart street. 



To tlie Pious 
Memory of the late Rev''- 
and Learned DANIEL FOGG, D.D. 
He died the s"^ day of May 1728, in 
the Seaventy first year of His Age. 
He was Minister of this Parish Fourty 
years. He had the best of Characters, and 
deserved it, His body lies in this Chancel I 
Bnt his name luill be had in Ever 
lasting Remembrance. 

Here are Interred MARY his 
Wife, Three Sons, JONATHAN, 
DANIEL, THOMAS atid ANN his 
daughter, and DANIEL the Son 
of JONATHAN aforesaid. 

The entries in the Bur. Reg. are : — 

Burials. 1728, May y= 12 Daniel Fogg DD Minister. 

1691, Aug. 18. Daniel Fogg a child in Chancel. 

1698, Aug. 30. Ann Fogg in Chancell. 

1698, Dec. 23. Mary Fogg y'= dear Wife of Dan : Fogg minister in Chancel. 

1723, Oct. 31. Jonathan Fogg in Chancel. 

1724-5, Jan. 13. Daniel Fogg a child in Chancel. 



M.S. 

THOMM POTTER civis Londinensis, 

Qui vicino in Ccemeterio septilttts jcuet^ 

Eitm Qui n6r-unt omnes testantur 

Fuisse 

Sedulum, Prudentem, Probuni, 

Amicum fidum &= constantein, 

Maritum boniim, Parentem oftirmim. 

Talis cum efset, 

Animam Summd cum tranquillitate 

Summd resuj-gendi spe reddidit 

Justo et dementi Deo: 

lul: jj, A.D. 1732. 

Natus Banburis in Comitatu Oxon: 

Dec: 30, 1664. 



A beautiful white marble tablet and urn against a variegated 
marble pyramid. 



LEDGER STOJVES, ETC. 133 

GUALTERO RAY ARM 

VIRO 

INGENIO SUAVI 

MORIBUS INTEGERRIMIS 

SINGULARI HUMANITATE 

OMNIBUS DENIQUE VIRTUTIBUS 

<^U.E AUT HOMINEM COMMENDENT 

AUT CHRISTIANUM EXORNENT 

INSTRUCTO 

RICHARD US RAY 

FRATRIS FILIUS 

POSUIT 

OBIIT XVI JULII MDCCXXXVII 

^T. LV. 



The armorial bearings are :— Azure, on a chief or, three mullets gules, 
a crescent of the second for difference, impaling sable a fesse between 
two lions passant reguardant or, a canton of the last. (Tinctures cut.) 



An elegant tablet of statuary marble, enriched with a vase, an 
inverted burning torch, and a relief which represents an infant in an attitude 
of astonishment, lifting the lifeless hand of another who lies outstretched 
upon the ground. 

A MONUMENT OF FRATERNAL AFFECTION, 

ROBERT INGRAM MERCHANT IN LONDON 

TO HIS KIND BROTHER, F'AITHFUL PARTNER AND FRIEND 

HUGH INGRAM ESQ., SON OF J. INGRAM ESQ. BILLITER SQUARE 

GRANDSON OF AR. INGRAM ESQ. PROVOST OF GLASGOW 

HE DIED IN APRIL M.DCCXCVIH AGED XXXVL 

ROBERT INGRAM ESQ" 

DIED X FEBRUARY M.DCCC.XVI AGED LVII YEARS. 

Bur. Reg. 1798, April 13. Hugh Ingram. 

18 1 6, Feb. 15. Rob' Ingram; abode St. Pancras. 

The armorial bearings are: — Ermine, on a fesse gules, three escallops 
or, all within a bordure engrailed sable, charged with eight bees volant of 
the third. 

Crest, a phoenix in flames, all proper. Motto — Ad sidera Vultus 



134 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

The following monument is in the Baptistery : — A tablet " of 
Coade's artificial stone," supporting a sarcophagus, a reclining figure of 
Commerce, and weeping infants. 

Sacred to the Memory 

Of MONKHOUSE DAVISON Esq. 

Who departed this life 19* May 1793 aged 80 years 

And ABRAM NEWMAN Esq. 
Who departed this life S"' March 1799 aged 63 year.s. 
JACOB DAVISON ANNE CASWALL 

Died is"* February 1765 Aged 56. Died 27"' April 1829, Aged 68. 

MARY NEWMAN 
Died 13"' May 1783, Aged 63. 
ANN PARNTHER 
Died 29"' January 1785, Aged 38. 
MARY SUSANNAH THOYTS 
Died l^' June 1789, Aged 6 Weeks. 
CATHERINE THOYTS 
Died 25"" April 1792, Aged 6 Months. 

Bur. Reg. 1793, May 26. Monkhouse Davison. 
1799, March 17. Abram Newman. 
1765, February 22. Jacob Davison. 
1783, May 18. Mary Newman. 
1785, February 2. Ann Parnther. 
1789, June 5. Mary Susannah Thoyts. 
1792, April 28. Cathrine Thoyts. 

All the above were buried in the Parish Vault. 
1829, May 5. Anne Caswall ; St. George's, Hanover Square. 

The armorial bearings are : — I. Argent, a fesse wavy gules, between 
six cinque-foils. [Davison.] (Tinctures cut.) Crest: On an Earl's coronet, 
a dove rising, holding in the beak three ears of wheat. II. Quarterly, in 
the first and fourth quarters, three mullets, in the centre an inescutcheon 
charged with a portcullis, imperially crowned. [Newman.] Impaling 
[Davison.] as above. (Tinctures cut.) Crest: A dove rising. 



SACRED 

TO THE MEMORY OF 

JOHN THISTLEWOOD, Esq"'" 

OF STAINES IN THIS COUNTY, 

AN OLD INHABITANT OF THIS PARISH, 

WHO DIED ON THE 26™ OF MARCH 1823, 

AGED 78 YEARS. 



LEDGER STONES, ETC. 135 

ALSO OF MARGARET, HIS WIDOW, 

WHO DIED ON THE 10™ OF MAY 1823, 

AGED 7J- YEARS. 

THEIR RE.WA/iVS ARE DEPOSITED IN THE VAULT OF THIS CHURCH. 

Bur. Reg., 1823, April 8. John Thistlewood ; Staines, Middlesex. 
1825, May 19. Margaret Thistlewood ; Highgate. 



IN MEMORY OF 

ALEXANDER SMYTH ESQ^ 

AN INHABITANT OF THIS PARISH 66 YEARS, 

WHO DIED NOVEMBER 27TH 1832, AGED 70 YEARS, 

ALSO 

MARY ANN DAUGHTER OF THE ABOVE 

WHO DIED MARCH 4TH 1826. AGED 15 YEARS. 

Bur. Reg. 1832,060.4. Alexander Smyth ; Mark Lane. 

1826, March 11. Mary Ann Thompson Smyth; Mark Lane. 

The armorial bearings are : — Quarterly of four :-— i and 4. Argent, 
a chevron between three crosses potent gules ; 2 and 3. Argent, on a 
chevron between three gambs sable a horse shoe or. Crest — Out of a 
mural crown an ostrich's (?) head or. 



SACRED 

TO THE MEMORY OF 

JANE MARY SHARPE, 

DAVGHTER OF JOHN HARRISON, 

OF EPPING, IN THE COUNTY OF ESSEX, SURGEON, 

AND JANE HIS WIFE : 

A DVTIFUL DAVGHTER ; AN OBEDIENT WIFE : 

A TENDER MOTHER ; A SINCERE CHRISTIAN. 

SHE WAS BORN JANVARY VI . MDCCLXXXIII. 

AND DIED JUNE III . MDCCCXXIII. 

IN THE XLI YEAR OF HER AGE. 

THIS TABLET IS ERECTED BY HER HVSBAND, 

LANCELOT SHARPE, M.A., F.S.A. ; 

MINISTER OF THIS PARISH ; 

GRATEFUL FOR XX YEARS OF HAPPINESS 

ENJOYED IN HER SOCIETY. 

Bur. Reg. 1823, June 8. Jane Mary Sharpe; Lower Edmonton. 



136 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

Sacr-ed to the Memory 
of MR. LANCELOT SHARPE, Citizen, anil Grocer, 
Who died Oct' lo"" 1810, in the 69"' year of his age. 

Mis Life was an Example 
of unremitting Industry and Integrity in his business, 
and of generosity and Icindness to his Children. 
He was ever ready, without ostentation, 
to assist and relieve the distressed ; 
and his unaffected Piety evinced his trust in God 
for every earthly Blessing, 
and his firm reliance 
on the Merits and Intercession of his Redeemer, 
for everlasting happiness in the World to come. 

He reverenced the Sabbath, 

by his constant Attendance on Divine Worship, 

morning and evening, in this his Parish Church, 

and gladly embraced every opportunity 

of receiving the Blessed Sacrament. 

Blessed are the dead, who die in the Lord. 

Rev. 14, ver. 13. 
This Tablet is erected by his affectionate Wife. 

But. Reg., 1810, October 14. Sharpe; Lancelot, 68 years, ch : yard. 



SACRED 

TO THE MEMORY OF 

MRS. SARAH SHARPE, 

OF STOKE NEWINGTON, 

WIDOW OF THE LATE 

MR. LANCELOT SHARPE, 

OF THIS PARISH. 

A FAITHFUL WIFE AND AN 

AFFECTIONATE MOTHER. 

SHE DIED ON THE 22"" OF JANUARY 1830, 

IN THE 85T" YEAR OF HER AGE. 
" THY PRAYERS AND THINE ALMS ARE 
COME UP FOR A MEMORIAL BEFORE GOD." 

Acts 10, verse 4. 

Bur. Reg. 1830, Jan. 31. Sarah Sharpe ; Stoke Newington, 



LEDGER STONES, ETC. 137 

SACRED 

TO THE MEMORY OF 

THE REVD. LANCELOT SHARPE, M.A., F.S.A. 

PREBENDARY OF ST. PAUL'S, 

AND FOR FIFTY YEARS MINISTER OF THIS PARISH : 

HE DIED OCTOBER XXVI. MDCCCLI. 

AGED LXXVII YEARS. 

ALSO OF 

MARY, RELICT OF THE ABOVE: 

SHE DIED JANUARY XXIX. MDCCCLXIX. 

AGED LXXX YEARS. 

Bur. Reg. 1851, Nov. i. Lancelot Sharpe, Rector, Rectory House, Mark Lane. 



Here may be mentioned that there is in the Vestry of St. Olave's an 
old wooden tablet, which was formerly attached to the South Wall of 
Allhallows' Church in memory of Mary Benan [Baynham], widow, whose 
benefaction was shared by the parishes of St. Olave and Allhallows for 
more than three hundred years. It is thus inscribed : — 

praise (5ob for TXiox\ Senam IPibotD 
a goob Benefactor to tfje poore of tf^is 
parrisl; a\\Z> 5t. ©laocs next abjoyning 
\d\\q byeb ttje nintt; "Zia-^ of September 2Ino 
Domini \577, anb left £anb5 for ttje 
releife of tlje poore of t^eis troo parrisfjes 
to tl;e \zax\^z Dalue of ten Pounbs 
fourteen stiillings oiij pence for e»er. 





THE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. 



CHAPTER IX. 



Parish Registers^ their origin. The Registers of St. Olave's from 1563 ; 13 volumes. 
Summary of Entries.^ 1363-1893. The Baptismal Register. Some of the principal 
names mentioned in it: Sir Paul Bayning., Sir Philip Sidney, Devereux, Earl 
of Essex, Sir Henry Bowyer, Sir Henry Baker, Sir Thomas Savage, Sir Robert 
Knollys, William Fanshawe, Ann Harrison, afterwards Lady Fanshawe, Sir John 
Wolstenholme, Sir Andrew Riccard, Sir Denny Ashhurnham, Sir Anthony Deane, 
Sir William Buck, Sir John Narborough, Sir Thomas Fhpe Blunt, Sir William 
Booth, Jeffery Amherst, Sir William Gore, Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell, Dr. 
Richard Meade, Sir John Heathcote, and Sir William St. Quintin. 

^ARISH Registers of Baptisms owe their origin to Cardinal 
Ximenes, Archbishop of Toledo. At a diocesan synod, held at 
Alcala in 1497, over which he presided, the rule was made for 
the diocese of Toledo that a register be kept of the names of those baptised, 
also giving the names of their parents, of the godfathers and godmothers, 
and of some witnesses of the baptism. — Histoire du Ministere du Cardinal 
Ximenes, par M. de Marsolier, 3me edition, 1739, tome i, livre ii, p. 264. 

The object of this regulation was to check suits for annulment of 
marriage on the plea of spiritual affinity within the prohibited degrees.' 
" Divorces of this kind were common in England in the fifteenth century, 
and the records of the Church of Rochester supply many examples. The 

' The passage in De Marsolier's book alcove aUuclcfl to, will be found <|iioted in the Appendix. 




THE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. 139 

marriage between John Trevennock and Joan Peckham was dissolved on 
January 7th, 1465, on the ground that John's former wife Letitia had been 
godmother to one of Joan's children; and William Loveless, of Kingsdown, 
was cited on December 29th, 1472, on a charge of having married his 
spiritual sister, that is, a woman to whom his mother had been godmother. 
Offences of this kind were severely punished by the Diocesan, and John 
Howthon, of Tunbridge, was sentenced in 1463 to be whipped three times 
round the market and church, for marrying Dionysia Thomas, who was 
the god-daughter of his former wife." — Parish Registers in England, by 
R. E, C. Waters, p. 4. 

In Henry the Eighth's reign. Parish Registers, for the registration 
of baptisms, marriages, and burials, were introduced into English parishes. 
Before this time. Monastic Registers, in addition to keeping an account of 
matters of special interest to monastic foundations, preserved the names 
of benefactors and tenants, but outside of these classes there was no 
registration. Of. the vast mass of the people who were baptized, married, 
and buried there was no written memorial, and these unrecorded folk, 
which meant the greater part of the nation, soon passed into the category 
of "the forgotten dead." On 29th September, 1538, a royal injunction was 
published by Cromwell, the Vicar-General, that " the curate of every parish 
shall keep one book or register, which book he shall every Sunday take 
forth and in the presence of the Church Wardens or one of them, write and 
record in the same all the weddings, christ'nings, and burials made the 
whole week before ; and for every time that the same shall be omitted, shall 
forfeit to the said church iijs. iiijd." 

Cromwell had resided in the Netherlands, then under the domination 
of Spain, and knew of the Baptismal Registers there kept by the Spanish 
clergy, following the initiative set by Cardinal Ximenes in the diocese of 
Toledo. Perceiving the advantages of a system of registration, it is 
thought that Cromwell endeavoured to introduce one into English parishes 
immediately after the dissolution of the smaller monasteries. Eight 
registers are in existence having entries of an earlier date than 29th 
September, 1538. These are : — i. the Register of St. James, Garlickhithe. 
The original register is in a small folio book of paper bound in leather. 

T 2 



140 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

There is also a parchment transcript of the registers down to 1681. 
"Anno Dni 1535. Mariages. The 26 of January was Thomas Mauryng 
and Margrett Jordan." W. D. Cooper, in Transactions of London and 
Middlesex Arc/ueological Society, vol. iii, p. 393. 2. The register of 
St. Mary Bothaw, London, 1536. Ibid. p. 392. 3. The register of 
Kirkham, Lancashire, 1529. 4. Listed, Surrey, 30th August, 1538. 
5. Maidford, Northampton, 1530. 6. Wolverton, Buckinghamshire, 1536. 

7. West Clandon, Surrey, 1536. 8. Perlethorpe, Nottinghamshire, 
1528. — The History of Parish Registers in England, by J. S. Burn, 
pp. 8, 9, 12 and 13. 

812 registers have been traced in which the first entry is dated 
1538. London City parishes supply 16 of these, viz., i, AUhallows, Bread 
Street ; 2, AUhallows, Honey Lane ; 3, St. Antholin ; 4, St. Benet Finke ; 
5, Christ Church; 6, St. Lawrence, Jewry ; 7, St. Lawrence, Pountney ; 

8, St. Mary Aldermanbury ; 9, St. Mary le Bow ; 10, St. Mary Woolnoth ; 
II, St. Matthew Friday Street; 12, St. Michael Bassishaw ; 13, St. Mildred 
Poultry; 14, St. Nicholas Cole Abbey; 15, St. Pancras Soper Lane; and 
16, St. Peter Cornhill. The registers of the following four date from 1539: — 
I, St. Clement Eastcheap ; 2, St. Martin Ludgate ; 3, St. Michael Crooked 
Lane; and, 4, St. Nicholas Aeons. — W. D. Cooper, London and Middlesex 
ArchcBological Society, vol. iii, p. 392. 

The injunction of 29th September, 1538, did not specify of what 
material, paper or parchment, the register books were to be composed, and 
it appears that as a rule paper books were at first employed. The purchase 
of a register book is often specified in Churchwardens' Accounts, e.g., St. 
Margaret's, Westminster : — " 1538. Paid for a book to registre in the names 
of buryals, weddings and christ'nings, 2^-" This employment of paper 
registers will to some extent explain the fact of the comparatively small 
number of survivals bearing entries of 1538. The Convocation of Canterbury 
in 1597 laid down stringent regulations on the subject of parish registers, 
and these were embodied in the 70th canon of 1603, which enjoined that 
every parish was to procure a parchment book, and that the entries in the 
old paper books were to be copied into the parchment register, "so far as 



THE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. 141 

the ancient books thereof can be procured, but especially since the begin- 
ning of the reign of the late Queen " [Elizabeth]. 

The parchment registers containing entries from 1538 to 1597 or 
1603 are as a rule transcripts, made at the expense of the parish, from the 
earlier paper books. A transcript is recognised by the title of the book, or, 
by the similarity of the handwriting from the first entry down to those 
of 1597, 1603 or thereabouts, or, by the signature of the Incumbent 
at the bottom of every page transcribed. This last mark is said to 
have formerly deceived some antiquaries, who, seeing pages comprising 
entries extending over a period of sixty years signed by one Incumbent, 
proclaimed their opinion, with proofs, of the extraordinary longevity of 
the clergy of the latter half of the sixteenth century and the beginning 
of the seventeenth. 

The compulsory civil registration of births, deaths, and marriages 
since ist July, 1837, has restricted parish registers since this date to a purely 
ecclesiastical character, whereas parish registers bearing entries during a 
part or the whole of the three centuries from 1538 to 1837 are records of 
value to the student and the antiquary, the variety of events noted in them, 
making them in parochial and local and occasionally in national matters, 
brief abstracts and chronicles of the time. This supplement to the simple 
registering of baptisms, marriages, and burials was distinctly recommended 
to the clergy by Bishop Kennet, in his visitation charge of 17 18: — " It is of 
very great consequence to the good estate of your parishes to keep your 
register books in order and safety, and to make your entries exact in your 
own handwriting. . . To this advice I need add nothing but my desire 
that you would have your register books in parchment, and if any are in 
paper only, to prevail with the Churchwardens to provide new ones in clean 
parchment or velume, to make your entries in good ink and in the plainest 
letters, to keep your distinction of years and months and daies in exact order 
of time, to leave no void spaces for interlining, to attest every leaf or page 
of the book with your own hand at the bottom of it, and at every Easter 
visitation to carry in a transcript of such acts and deeds duly attested, to be 
laid up in the Courts of Eccles: judicature, that upon occasion the authority 
of your parish books may be confirmed by the producing a duplicate of them. 



142 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

When you have a new register book, still carefully to preserve the old, or if 
any other book be in private hands to search for any that in the letter of the 
canon hath been in the parish since the time the law was first made. One 
thing more I would intimate to you, that you are not only obliged to enter 
the day and year of every christning, wedding or burial, but it is left to your 
discretion to enter down any notable incident of times and seasons especially 
relating to your own parish and the neighbourhood of it, such as storms and 
lightning, contagion, mortality, drought, scarcity, plenty, longevity, robbery, 
murders, or the like casualties. If such memorable things were fairly 
entered, your parish registers would become chronicles of many strange 
occurrences that would not otherwise be known, and will be of great use 
and service for Posterity to know." — Lansdowne MSS., vol. xxiii. 

The parchment registers of St. Olave's date from the year 1563. 
The date of the heading of the baptismal register, and also of the first entry 
in it, is 2nd May. The marriage register is headed from 4th October — the 
first entry is for 27th November. The burial register is headed from 24th 
April — the date of the first entry is 26th April. These registers have not 
the usual characteristics of transcripts, but as the entries for 1563 are made 
without corrections, additions or erasures, they were most probably copied 
from a rough note book. A note in Leonard's handwriting states that the 
entries in October were made "per me Thomas Leonard, clarke." Leonard's 
entries are written in old English characters in a very small but very neat 
hand. A few years later, 1565, the entries are in a bold running hand, and 
this writing is found up to July 27th, 1581. From August, 1581, to 
September 9th, 1586, there are four changes of handwriting in the register. 
From September 14th, 1586, to August, 1599, the entries are made in very 
small writing in characters resembling those of 1563. In 1599 a scribe 
succeeds whose style of writing was very different from what was usual in 
that age. His letters are formed more simply, indeed they are so plain that 
they have a very modern look, and are almost as distinct as good print. A 
reaction, however, occurred some years later. Another hand appears, that 
with an excess of energy re-introduced the old characters, with all the 
superabundant flourishes of what was once esteemed ornamental penmanship. 
The numerous changes in handwriting that are found in the entries between 



IHE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. 143 

1563 and 1600 supply a very strong presumption — one may say a decisive 
proof — in favour of the register being the original register for the years 
specified in it. 

Of entries from 1538 to 25th April, 1563, no record has survived, 
nor does any note of explanation concerning these appear in the books 
preserved. Here, in the absence of definite information, we can only offer 
conjectures. That the parish clerks of St. Olave's kept in some fashion, 
either in a paper register or in rough note books, a register from 1538 to 
1563 is very probable,' and these entries were not transcribed into the 
parchment register in 1563, possibly because it was not then considered 
obligatory. The first formal order enjoining that a copy of the entries from 
1538 be made at the expense of the parish appeared in 1597, the second in 
1603. Or, the parish clerks' memoranda of entries may have been in a 
condition so confused and illegible that the task of copying them was aban- 
doned, and the records soon perished. In St. Olave's parish the sixteenth 
century registers were kept by the parish clerks, and this custom appears 
to have been general in London parishes, though the injunction of 1538 
specified the curate of the parish as the person who should post up the 
entries weekly. Doubtless in 1538, and for some years afterwards in various 
parishes, clerks were in office who had not the pen of a ready writer, and a 
correct system of registration had to wait until a parish was provided with 
a competent penman. 

The registers of St. Olave's since 1563 have been, on the whole, very 
well kept, and are at present in a good state of preservation. 

The Parish, as stated in chapter i, was originally described as 
St. Olave's "juxta Turrim," i.e., next or near to the Tower of London, 
" the royal palace for assemblies and treaties," and many of the parishioners 
were people of distinction. The names, therefore, of historical personages 
frequently occur in the registers. But "high and low, rich and poor" 
meet together in these pages " one with another," and these records, 

' " The parish of St. Matthew, Friday Street, has a register (transcript) dating from 1538— a folio on vellum 
made by Dr. Thompson, rector 1666-1715, who has signed every page— also the original paper register, and the 
rough note book in which baptisms, marriages and burials were set down." — Rev. W. Sparrow Simpson, Lond. 
and Middl. Archaol. Society, vol. iii, page 359. 

" The registers of St. Lawrence, Jewry, commence in 1538, and in the church coffer is contained not 
only a very neat transcript on parchment, as directed by the canon of Queen Elizabeth [1603], but also the original 
paper book (rora which it was copied."— J. S. Burn, Hisl. of Parish KegUleis in England, p. 45. 



144 THE ANNALS OF ST. O LAVES HART STREET. 

therefore, are interesting from many points of view. The extracts given 
will be found fair examples, and it is hoped that the notes appended, with 
occasional pedigree sketches, will make them still more worthy of perusal; 

The Parish Register is contained in thirteen volumes, dated as follows, vk. : 

Vol. 1. Baptisms 1563 to 1631 ; Marriages 1563 to 1633 ; Burials 1563 to 1633. 
„ 2. Baptisms 1631 to 1706. 

„ 3. " Marriages 1632, March i, to 1704; ^Burials 1632 [1633], March 10, to 1684. 
„ 4. Baptisms 1706 to 1812, December 30; Marriages 1704 to 1754. 
,, 5. Baptisms 1801, January 23, to 1812, Decemher 30, in duplicate. 
,, 6. Burials 1684, October 4, to 1805, April 18. 
,, 7. ^Baptisms 1813 to date. 

„ 8. Marriages 1754, March 25, to 1776, June 13. 
„ 9. "• Marriages 1776, August 25, to 1808, December 15. 
„ 10. Marriages i8og, January 3, to 1856, February 3. 
,, II. 5 Marriages 1837, July 6, to date."^ 

Note. — Marriages from 1837, July 6, to 1856, Feb. 3, are also entered in the old form in vol. 10. 
,, 12. Burials 1801, January 15, to 1812, December 31. 

„ 13. Burials 1813, February 7, to 1853, March 15. Churchyard closed August 15th.' 
Banns Books. — Vol. i. 1776 to 1815. 

„ 2. 1823 to 1826, and from 1840 to date. 

The following gives a summary of the number of baptisms, marriages, 
and burials that have been solemnized in St. Olave's parish from 1563, the 
year in which the entries in the registers begin, in periods of fifty-one 
years, to the end of 1893 : — 













Baptisms. 


Marriages. 


Burials. 


1563, May 2, 


to 


end 


of 


1613 


1,383 


602 


2,162 


1 6 14, January 


I 






1664 


2,278 


689 


2,806 


1665 








1715 


2,274 


363 


2,871 


1716 ,, 








1766 


... 1,676 


451 


2.193 


1767 








1817 


I,20J 


543 


1.433 


1818 








i858 


778 


382 


68 


1869 








1893 for 


25 years 229 
9,819 


149 
3.179 







".533 



' Entered in duplicate from 1633, April 23 to October 20. 

''Entered in duplicate from 1633, March 10 to June 30. 

'From 1870, June S, the entries are under the heading "Baptism Solemnized in the United Parishes of St. 
Clave, Hart Street, and AUhallows Staining." 

'Marriages from 1801, Jan. 15, to 1805, April 18, are entered also in vol. 6. 

'The marriages in vol. 10, from (No. 236) 1837, July 6, to (No. 364) 1856, February 3, are entered also in 
this vol., in form pursuant to Act 6 & 7, Gul. 4, cap. 86. 

'From 1870, June II, the entries are under the heading: — "Marriage Solemnized at the Parish Church of 
the United Parishes of St. Clave, Hart Street, and AUhallows Staining, in the City of London." 

' H.M, Order in Council, August 8th, London Gazette, August 12th, 1853. 



THE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. 145 

The earliest Baptismal Register is entitled : — 

"The Booke of all such as have bene christened in the pishe church of 
St. Olaves Hart Streete, from the 2 of maye in Ann° 1563 Unto etc." 

1563, May 2. Christening Inprirais Anne Bare the daughter of Mr. Barre gentehnan. 

The first entry exhibits a variety in spelling which is so common 
in old writings, e.g., "Bare," and "Barre"; cf. "daughter," May 20, with 
" dauter," June 16. 

The second entry is — 

May 20. Annas' Bawdvven daughter to Fetter" Bawdwin Brotherer.^ 

June 16. ffriswithe'' Burnell the dauter to willia burnell mearchant of the staple. 

" Staple," from the German " Stapel," to pile up. It formerly meant 
a chief market, with reference to the place where commodities were col- 
lected for sale ; now it denotes a chief commodity. Staple was regulated 
by 27 Edw. Ill, Stat. 2 (1353). The five chief or staple commodities of 
the kingdom were wool, woolfells (sheep-skins), leather, lead, and tin 
(butter, cheese and cloth were sometimes added), which could only be 
sold for exportation by a corporation called Merchants of the Staple, 
and could only be sent from certain towns known as towns of the Staple. 
These towns were Bristol, Caermarthen, Calais, Canterbury, Chichester, 
Cork, Drogheda, Dublin, Exeter, Lincoln, London, Middleburgh, New- 
castle-on-Tyne, Norwich, Waterford and York. By the above statute it 
was felony for any but authorised merchants to deal in Staple goods. The 
staple was the subject of numerous statutes, and the staple towns were 
frequently changed. After the reign of Henry VI, Calais became the 
sole staple town. \_See Skeat's " Etymological Dictionary," and G. H. 
Townsend's " Manual of Dates," p. 933, ed. Lond., 1874.] 
1566, September 9. Eva daughter of Anne frier, Baisborne. 

" Frier," probably from being found in Crutched Friars. One 
cannot fail to notice the great number of foundling children entered in 
the baptismal registers. 

October 10. EUas and Thomasin son and daughter of mr. Hearison To Twenes.= 

Thomasin, Thomasina, and Thomysard occur in the register as 
feminine forms of the name Thomas. 

' Agnes. '' Peter. ■' Embroiderer. ' Frideswide, ' Two children, twins. 



146 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET 

1568, September 8. John mole the sonne of Patter de mole silke wefer. 
In the child's name the " de " is omitted, showing how the trace 
of French descent is obliterated, till in our own day there are found 
comparatively few French names among the descendants of the refugees 
who planted the silk manufacture in the neighbourhood of Spitalfields, on 
the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, 1685. 

1570, July 25. Samwell the sonne of John grene christened at Alhallowes staning. 
Why entered in our register? Possibly it was a receiving of the 
child into the Church. 

1574, May 28. Athabell the sonne of Nicolas Petefer, minister. 
Athabell seems to be another form of Affabell. 

1575, July 10. Peter the sonne of Mr. leboney marchant stranger at the french church. 
The French Protestant Church in London was established by Royal 

Charter in 1550, during the reign of Edward VI, who gave the refugees 
the Church of the Hospital of St. Anthony, in Threadneedle Street. 
Their church was situated in St. Martin's le Grand from 1841 to 1877. 
This site was sold for ^26,000, to enlarge the General Post Office. The 
new church in Soho Square was dedicated by the Bishop of London, 
Lady-day, 1893. 

1577, Dec. 13. Jammary the sonne of Barnardine stranger one of the glas makers. 
There are many entries of children of glass makers. " One 
James Verselyn, a stranger, a Venetian, about the year 1580, or perhaps 
somewhat before, was the first that set up a Glasshouse in London, for 
making Venice Glasses, for which the Queen granted him a privilege under 
her Great Seal. But the glass sellers in London were much aggrieved at 
this and showed the Lords of the Privy Council that it was the overthrow 
of fifty households using the trade of selling of glasses. There was a 
prohibition in the Patent that none should sell such glasses but the said 
Verselyn only." — [Strype, Book v, p. 327.] 

" The first making of Venice Glasses in England began at the 
Crotched Friars in London about the beginning of the raigne of Queene 
Elizabeth by one Jacob Venalime, an Italian." — [Stow, Howe's ed., 1631, 
p. 1,040.] 



THE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. 147 

1578, June 17. Scipion the sonne of mr. John Swego stranger. 

1579-80, Jan. 3, written "Jenawarie." Dorothie the daughter of thomas bragden 

marchanttailor. 
1580, May 8. Hortensia the daughter of bonifatio facio stranger. 

1580, Dec 4. Sara the daughter of mr. Jno. highlord, marchant. 1583, Nov. 7. 
Nathanniell. 1584-5, Feb. i. Zacharias. 1588-9, March 18. Abigail. 

1580-1, Feb. 5, ivritten " Febrewarie." Willm the sonne of John Juel dark to 

mr. blackwell register. 
Jan. 15. Nathaniell the son of mr. hall, minister of Staninges. 

1 58 1, April 30. Katherin the daughter of Mr. John turcke gen'' of the law. 

Sep. 14. Jaques the sonne of Robert hovvell stranger borne In this Parrish and 

baptized at the french [church]. 
Sep. 17. Margerie the daughter of Jaspar blankharde stranger." 
1 58 1-2, March 4. Georg the sonne of Robert pkins sir w"' winters cooke. 

1582, April 17. John the sonne of Pawle Banninge m'^chaunt. 

This seems to be the first entry of " Banninge," cf. " 1588, April 28. 
Pawle the sonne of rn pawle Banninge rachant." 

1582, June 3. Robert the sonne of Inocent coanes, Quenenes musitiner; also 
1582-3, March 10, Margerie the dawter of harry coanes, silkeweaver. 

March 14. Elyzabeth the daughter of Robert bliss y'= L"^ lumlyes man. 

1583, April 18. Mary the dauter of John lane y^ L of honnesdons man. 
July 7. Abigail the daughter of David wood. Preacher. 

Nov. 5. Horatio the sonne of Joseph Luxe, quenes musitiner. 

1583-4, Feb. 20. Cassandra the daughter of francis beardmore L. lumlyes man. 

1585, Nov. 15. Elyzabeth the daughter of Sir Phillip sidney, Knight. 

Sir Philip Sidney, "the jewel of the Court of Queen Elizabeth," 
author of " The Arcadia," which, Hallam says, " stands quite alone among 
English fictions of this century." [" Literature of Europe," ii, p. 218.J He 
is, perhaps, better known for his refusal of a cup of water as he lay dying, 
and bade them give it to a soldier who was stretched on the ground 
beside him ; " Thy necessity," he said " is greater than mine." This was 
at the battle of Zutphen in 1586, where he flung away his life to save 
the English army in Flanders. 

Sir Philip (knighted 1583) was son of Sir Henry Sidney, who, from 
his childhood, was brought up with Edward VI ; his mother was Lady 

' "Jaspar," uncommon : " blankharde," Blanchard. 

U 2 



148 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

• 

Mary Dudley, eldest daughter of John, Earl of Warwick. \See Bur. Reg. 
1586, Aug. 22. J He married Frances, the daughter of Sir Francis 
Walsingham, and this "Elyzabeth" was their daughter. His widow 
married secondly Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, executed 1601, 
February 25, and became the mother of Robert Lord Devereux. \_See 
Bap. Reg. 1 590-1, Jan. 22.] 

" Elyzabeth " was afterwards the wife of Roger, Earl of Rutland. 

1585, Nov. 28. Beniamine the son of mr. thomas hale pson of y= church. 
Cf. 1590, Dec. 19. Timothie the sonne of m? thomas hale late parson. 

Hale was Rector from 1583, December 4, to 1590, when he resigned. 
John Sympson had been admitted Rector, December 9, 1590. 
1588, April 28. Pawle the sonne of mr. paull Banninge m'^chant. 
" Pawle the sonne," afterwards Viscount Sudbury. 

1588, Dec. 21. Martha the dawter of Jaffary nettellton m''chaunt. 

1589, Dec. 21. John and Paull the sonnes of John bergeriss minnister of the 
church and there babtized. 

This entry is out of its proper order in the register. 

The next entry is the most interesting in the whole of the 
Register of Baptisms. 

1590-1, Jan. 22. Robert Dord Deaveraux Vicount hereford, sonne and heyre 
of Robart Earl of Essex, in my lady wallsingham's howse, mother to the 
Countis, sir francis Knolls and the lord rich with the countesse of leicester 
wittnesses. Doctor Andrewes preached and babtized the child. 

" Robert Deaveraux," whose baptism is here recorded, was after- 
wards the famous commander-in-chief of the Parliamentary forces, 1642-6. 
He was the eldest and only surviving son of Robert, second Earl of Essex, 
by Frances, daughter and heiress of Sir Francis Walsingham, and widow 
of Sir Philip Sidney, and was baptized in the house of his grandmother. 
Lady Walsingham. His father's dignities having been restored to him 
in 1603, on the accession of James \, he became third Earl of Essex; 
and married, 1606, January 5, when about fifteen years of age. Lady 
Frances Howard, daughter of Thomas, first Earl of Suffolk, from whom 
he was divorced in 161 3, and secondly, about 1628, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Sir Wm. Paulet, of Eddington, Wilts., from whom he was divorced 
a few years later. He died 1646, September 14,, without surviving issue, 



THE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. 149 

and the title became extinct. His burial in Westminster Abbey is thus 
recorded: — "1646, Oct. 19, Robert Deaveraux, Earl of Essex." [Vide 
foot-note, in loco, by J. L. Chester.] 

" Robart, Earl of Essex" (the father), the favourite of Queen 
Elizabeth, made Lieutenant of Ireland, failed to suppress a revolt and 
was recalled, headed a puerile sedition, and was executed on Tower Hill, 
1601. Other entries refer to children of this Earl of Essex, viz., in our 
Baptismal Register, Walter Deaveraux, 159 1-2, January 21 ; and Henry 
Deaveraux, 1595, April 24. Their burials are recorded in the Register of 
Allhallows Barking. Walter, 1591-2, February 19; and Henry, 1596, 
May 7 ; and 1599, June 27, the burial of a daughter Penelope. 

Walter, first Earl of Essex, created Earl by Queen Elizabeth, 
was the grandfather of the infant Robert Lord Deaveraux. 

Lady Wallsingham, wife of Sir Francis Wallsingham, Secretary 
of State to Queen Elizabeth, "mother to the Countis," viz., Frances, who 
was married first to Sir Philip Sidney, and secondly to Robert, Earl of 
Essex, father of the infant. "My lady wallsingham's howse" was in Seething 
Lane, and is said to have been in the parish of Allhallows Barking. 

Sir Francis Knollys was the only son of Robert Knollys, a 
descendant from the "veritable Demon de Guerre," Sir Robert Knollys, 
who commanded the armies of Edward HI in France, 1350, where 
his exploits obtained the above denomination from his enemies. Sir 
Francis was educated at Magdalen College, Oxon., Gentleman Pensioner, 
34 Henry 8, was Privy Counsellor to Queen Elizabeth, Vice-Chamberlain 
of the Household, Captain of the Guard, Treasurer of the Household, 
K.G., Knight of the Shire for Oxon. He married first, 1568, Lady 
Catharine, sister of Henry Lord Hunsdon, and secondly, 1588, December 26, 
at Allhallows, London Wall, Lettice Barratt. He died 1596. [Dugdale 
and Kimber.] 

His daughter Lettice, now " countesse of leicester," was, by her 
first marriage, wife to Walter, Earl of Essex ; the child baptized was their 
grandson. Secondly, she was married to Robert, Earl of Leicester, Queen 
Elizabeth's " sweet Robin," uncle of Sir Philip Sidney. 



I50 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

See Knollys, Fanshawe and Wolstenholme pedigree sketches in 
the Appendix. 

" The lord rich " — his wife Lady Rich was Penelope Devereux, 
sister of Lord Essex. " Astrophel and Stella," a series of amatory poems, 
by Sir Philip Sidney, recount the loves of Sidney and Lady Rich. 
[Hallam, "Lit. Europe," ii, 127.] 

" Doctor Andrewes." This most learned and saintly divine, 

Lancelot Andrewes, was born in Thames Street, in the parish of 

Allhallows Barking, September 25, 1555, and was educated at Merchant 

Taylors' School, and at Pembroke Hall, Cambridge. He was at this 

time (from 1588 to 1604) Vicar of St. Giles, Cripplegate ; became 

successively (1605) Bishop of Chichester; (1609) Ely; and (1618) 

Winchester. He was the author of Private Devotions, and one of the 

Translators of the Bible in the reign of King James L He died at 

Winchester on the anniversary of his birth in 1626, and was buried at 

St. Saviour's, Southwark. 

1590-1, March 16. farnando the sonne of wiUiam Demodo, baseborne, John 
RiccoU and another bound in 30 li to Mr. hont, threasurer of Bridwell. 

Bridewell, in Bride Lane, Blackfriars, originally a stately and 
beautiful house built by Henry VIII, 1522, for the reception of Charles V 
of Spain, and his suite. The whole Third Act of Shakspeare's Henry VIII 
is laid — and is historically true — in the Palace at Bridewell. Bridewell 
House was presented to the City of London by King Edward VI, after an 
appeal through " Mr. Secretary Cecil," and a serrnon by Bishop Ridley, 
who begged it of the king, as a workhouse for the poor and a house of 
correction, " for the strumpet and idle person, for the rioter that consumeth 
all, and for the vagabond that will abide in no place." Of late years 
Bridewell was used as a house of correction for persons of both sexes, 
sentenced by City magistrates to short terms of imprisonment. The old 
building was sold when the City Prison was erected at Holloway, in 1863 ; 
but the hall, court room, and Governor's house have been retained, as well 
as the gateway, now N°- 14, New Bridge Street, Blackfriars, with the head 
of Edward VI over it, which formed the principal entrance.' 

' " London, Past and Present," by H. B. Wheatley, vol. i, p. 243. 



THE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. 151 

1591, Dec. 26. Josua the sonne of francis gibson, chandler as I here. 

1591-2. Jan. 16. Constantin the sonne of Alexander siniachio, Italion, one 
wittnesse maister Constantin episco populo greeco gave his word to our 
pson to discharge the parish of the child. 

These undertakings to relieve the parish of any obligation are very 
common ; the bond is set forth more fully in an entry of 1594-5, Feb. 9. 

1591-2, Jan. 21." Maister Walter Deaveraux second sonne to the Earle of Essex, 
in my Lady walsinghams howse, Sir thomas Parrat and sir william knolles 
Knightes and my Lady the mother ' weare witnesses, ifi Doctor = preached 
And babtized the child. 

1591-2, Feb. 20, spelt "ffabrawary." Jeames the sonne of ifi Edward beck, minister. 

TS94-S> Feb. 9. Barthollmew the sonne of Robart ffoxley, water bearrer, dwelling 
within the sine of the sunne in hart streete, and y' Jafifary foxley, linning 
weaver, dwelling in saint mary Overs parish and barthollmew foxley, baker, 
who weare godfathers to the afforsayd child hath given there wordes to 
riJ symsone our parson and to ifi Woodcoocke our church warden to 
discharge grish of the child what soeaver shall hapen hereof. 

" Water bearer." Stow has an interesting chapter on Wells and 
Conduits, or Bosses of Fresh Water serving the City. The Conduit 
at Aldgate Without was made about 1535. In the year 1594, the year 
of this entry, a new forcier was made by an English gentleman 
named Bevis Bulmer, near to Broken Wharfe, to convey Thames water 
into men's houses of West Cheape. Peter Moris, Dutchman, in 1582, had 
a forcier made for service of the City on the east part thereof. 

In 1577 the Conduit at Oldborne (Holborn) Cross was new made by 
William Lambe, Citizen and Clothworker, who was " thus beneficeall to 
poore women that are glad to take paine, as to bestow upon them a hundred 
and twentie pales, wherwith to carrie and serue water : an honest shift of 
liuing, though somewhat toilsome." " Some Account of William Lambe," 
by Abraham Fleming, transcribed for C. F. Angell, Esq., F.S.A., 
London, 1875. Myddelton laid his plans for a "New River" before the 
Court of Common Council 1609, March 28. The River was opened 
publicly 1620, Sept. 29. 

' The mother of the child acted as sponsor. ■* Dr. Andrewes probably. 



152 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

The only "sine" left in Hart Street is that of the "Ship"; the 
"sunne" has long since disappeared from view ; the "Globe " is only one 
door to the east of Hart Street. 

"Saint mary Overs." [Stow, p. 151. J " A fair church called St. 
Mary over the Rie, or Overie, that is, over the water, and long before the 
Conquest a house of sisters, founded by a maiden named Mary ; unto the 
which house and sisters she left (as was left to her by her parents) the 
oversight and profits of a cross ferry, or traverse ferry over the Thames, 
there kept before that any bridge was built." 

The Church of the Priory of St. Mary Overy was first erected 
into a parish church by Act of Parliament, 32 Henry VHI, 1540, and 
called by the name of St. Saviour's, South wark. 

1595, April 24. Maister Henry Deaveraux third Sonne to the Earle of Essex, 
in the Lady Walsingham's howse, the Earle of Northumberland' and the 
Lord burrowes and the Lady Rich° weare the sewerties. maister Sharpe he 
preached and babtized the child. 

1598, Nov. 9. Thomas the sonne of Willan'^ Alison grome to the Countis of Essex.^ 

161 2, June 29. William y' sonn of S"' Henrie Bowyer.'' 

Aug. 22. Richard y'= soon of Sir Henrie Baker.^ Also, 1614, July 21, another 
" soon " Thomas. 

Great grandson of Sir John Baker, Chancellor of the Exchequer to 
Queen Mary, and grandson of Sir Richard, a Privy Councillor to Queen 
Elizabeth and second cousin to Sir Richard Baker, the chronicler. Sir 
Henry was knighted 1606, July 15, and created a baronet 161 1, June 29, 
being then styled of Sisingham, Kent. The title soon became extinct. 
[Collin.s's " Baronetage," vol. i, p. 323. J 

1613, April 8. Scicilia* y^ daughter of Mr. Paul Bayning. 

Cecilia Bayning was married to Henry Pierrepoint, Viscount Newark, 
afterwards Earl of Kingstown and Marquis of Dorchester. 

^ See Burial of a servant, 1615-6, February 2, and Note on Northumberland Alley, p. 180. 

''■See Bap., 1590- 1, January 22. 

^See Bap., 1585, November 15, and 1590-1, January 22. 

^ See Mar. Reg., 1609, December 4, p. 164. Sir Henrie Bowyer and Anne Salter, and note. 

'■" Cf. Bap. Reg. of St. Helen's, Bishopsgate ;— 1611, July i, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Henry Baker, Kt., and 

Dame Katharine. — Dr. Cox's Annals of St. Helen's, 

"Cecilia. 



THE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. 153 

1613, April 23. George Hart Street a fondling. 
1615-6, March 4. Paul y= soon of S"- Paul Bayning. 

The child baptized was the second and last Viscount Bayning, 
died 1638. See Bayning pedigree sketch in the Appendix. 

1616, Aug. II. William y= soonn of Will Fello borne in All A= Stayninge pish was 
baptized in our Church by reason ther Church was building. 

I can find no record of the building of the church of Allhallows 
at this time, but about fifty-five years later, in the Register of Allhallows 
Staining, there is the following entry: " 1671, Nov. 25, the church fell down, 
so that Richard Clare and Anne Cosins were married at Barking." 

1619, June 13. William soon of Sir TTio Savadge" and La: Elizabeth his wiff. 

Sir Thomas, created Viscount 1626, had a house on Tower Hill. 
" Savage Gardens," Tower Hill, still commemorates the name. 

1 61 9, July 16. John soon of Zacharie highlord and Francis his wife. 
1619-20, March 10. Jone daughf of Sir Rob. Knolls and Jone his wifif. 

1624, Nov. 15, another daughter "Jone, daughf of S"- Robeart Knowles & Jone 

his Ladie ba." 
1620-1, Feby 27. John y<= soon of John Woolstenholm.= 
1621-2, Feb. 24. Rich soon of Si' Tho Savadge & EHzab. 

Richard was the sixth son, and brother to John Savage, afterwards 
Earl Rivers. 

1622, Nov. 17. Thomas soon of Mr. Will™ and Catharin Fanshew. 

Thomas was son of William Fanshawe, of Parsloes, County Essex, 
and Catherine, daughter of Sir John Wolstenholme. [See p. 166. 
Marriage Register, 161 5, December 12, with note.] 

1625, April 7. Ann Daughf of John and Margett Harrison. 

Ann Harrison, afterwards married (1644) to Sir Richard Fanshawe, 
Bart. In Memoirs of Lady Fanshawe, written by herself [London : Henry 
Colburn, New Burlington Street, 1829], in pp. 25-26, she writes: — "I 
was born in St. Olave's, Hart-street, London, in a house that my father [Sir 
John Harrison Knt. of Balls in the county of Hertford] took of the Lord 
Dingwall, father to the now Duchess of Ormond, in the year 1625, on our 
Lady Day 25th of March. In that house I lived the winter times till I was 

' The name is spelt " Savage," in Bur. Reg,, 1629, April 9. 
^The Wolstenholme Pedigree from 1665 is given in Robinson's Enfield, vol. ii, p. 97. 

X 



154 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

fifteen years old and three months with my ever honored and most dear 
mother. Mr. Hyde, Lady Alston, and Lady Wolstenholme were my god- 
father and god-mothers." 

Sir Richard Fanshawe' was born in 1608, at Ware Park, co. Hert- 
ford ; was educated at Jesus College, Cambridge; and in 1626 became a 
Member of the Inner Temple. On the outbreak of the Civil War, he took 
the king's side, and in 1648 became Treasurer to the Navy under Prince 
Rupert. He was taken prisoner at the battle of Worcester, and, on his 
release, withdrew to Breda, in Holland, where Charles H was holding his 
Court, in exile. After the Restoration he was appointed Ambassador in 
Portugal; next, he was sent to the Court of Madrid, where he died in 1666. 
He was an author of considerable reputation. His most celebrated work, 
now very rare, is a translation of Guarini's Pastor Fido, published in 
1664, and contains other pieces in prose and verse. 

Sir Thomas Fanshawe, K.B., a brother of Sir Richard Fanshawe, 
was the first Viscount, Remembrancer of the Exchequer. He served under 
the Royal Banner at Edge Hill; was created K.B. at the Coronation of 
Charles H. He died in 1665. 

John Harrison was the twelfth son of William Harrison, of Aldcliffe, 
and of Margaret, daughter of Christopher Gardner, and was the grandson 
of Thomas Harrison, of Aldcliffe, co. Lancaster, and Jane, daughter of 
Heisham, of Highfield. He married, first, Margaret, daughter of Robert 
Fanshawe, of Fanshawe Gate, co. Derby ; secondly, Mary, daughter of 
Shotbolt. He was Lord of the Manor of Stoke, Rochford. Ann Harrison, 
mother of Lady Fanshawe, was buried at Hertford, 1640, August 6. 
\See our Burial Register, with note, p. 187.] 

1627, Aug. 6. Margarett Daughf of John Harrison and Margarett wife. 
She became the wife of Sir Edward Turner, Knt. 

1628, June 19. Susanna daughf of S"- Paule Baining Lord Viscounte Sudberrie 

& his Ladie Ann. 

She is not mentioned by Dugdale, and probably died in infancy. 
Her father was the first Viscount Sudbury. 

' See Original Letters of His Excellency Sir Richard Fanshawe during his Embassies in Spain and Portugal. 

Published, London, 1702. 



THE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. 155 

1628-9, Jan. 13. Nathaniell son of S'' Brian Jianson & Mari. 

Jan. 21. Christophere son of mr. John wolstenholm & An. 

The second volume of the Baptismal Register is entitled : — 

" The Booke of all such as have bene Baptized in the ^Dish Churche of 
St. Olaves, Harte Streete, in London, from the sth of November 163 1 and so 
forwarde." 

1632, Aug. I. William sonne of Mr. John wolstenholme and Ann his wife. 

1635, Dec. 15. Elizabeth daughter of S'' John Wolstenholme Junior and Ann 
his wife. 

Elizabeth vi^as afterwards the wife of Richard Hutton, of Golds- 
borough in Yorkshire, Esq. Her father. Sir John Wolstenholme, junior, 
and her grandfather, Sir John Wolstenholme, senior, were both Farmers of 
the Customs and successively baronets. [6"^6; Wotton's "Baronetage," 1741.] 

In a foot-note, Pepys's Diary, 1662, September 5, Lord Braybrooke's 
edition, we find that " Sir J. Wolstenholme, created a Baronet in 1664, was 
an intimate friend of Lord Clarendon's, and collector outward for the Port 
of London, ob. 1679." This must have been Sir J. Wolstenholme, senior, 
who was a benefactor to the poor of St. Olave's, Hart Street ; for, an 
indenture, dated 12 September, 1670, recites that Sir J. Wolstenholme, 
24 November, 1639, appointed ^100 to be expended in purchasing a yearly 
revenue for the poor. See Knollys, Fanshawe, and Wolstenholme pedigree 
sketches in the Appendix. 

1638, Oct. 18. Thomas sonne of Mr. Abraham Hanes, parson, and Martha his wife. 
The parson was admitted 17 December, 1633, and was, for his loyalty 
in the 1642 Rebellion, ejected by sequestration. (Newcourt). See p. 250. 

1638, Nov. 14. Pennellope daughter of y= Right Hon'''= y= Lady Pennellope Baneinge. 

" Pennelope," the posthumous daughter and co-heir of Sir Paul 
Baneinge, second Viscount Bayning (Sudbury), baptized, as here recorded; 
was married at St. Martin-in-the-Fields, 1647, June 18, to the Hon. John 
Herbert, youngest son of Philip, fourth Earl of Pembroke and first Earl of 
Montgomery. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, St. Nicholas Chapel, 
1659, November 23, and died without issue. His wife, the Countess, was 

X 2 



iS6 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

buried in the Abbey. \_See Burial Register.] " 1657, May i. The Lady 
Penelope Herbert." 

" The Lady Pennellope " (the mother), who was daughter and heiress 
of Sir Robert Naunton, Knight, Secretary of State to King James I, was 
married, first to Sir Paul Bayning, who became the second Viscount Bayning 
(Sudbury), and had by him two daughters, Anne and Penelope. Viscount 
Bayning died in 1638, aged 22. "The Lady Pennellope" was married 
secondly, to Philip, fifth Earl of Pembroke, the eldest brother of the 
husband of her daughter Penelope. Anne, the elder daughter of " Lady 
Pennellope " and of the second Viscount Bayning, and elder sister of 
Penelope the infant baptized, was married at not more than ten years of 
age (her father was only twenty-two at his death, 1638), at St. Martin- 
in-the-Fields, 1647, June 18, the day of her sister Penelope's marriage, 
to Aubrey de Vere, twentieth and last Earl of Oxford, who was buried 
1702-3, March 22. She was buried 1659, September 27. \See J. L. 
Chester's " Notes, Wesf Abbey," Bur. Reg.J 

1638-9, Jan. 13. Abraham Thorneburye, an Indian. 

Mar. 19. Ch''istian daughter of Andrewe and Katherine Riccard. 
1647, Dec. 25. Ann daughter of Thomas & Ehzabeth Wolstenholme. 

1 649-1 660. The Baptisms were regularly entered during the 
Commonwealth period. 

1654-5, Jan. 13. John: sonne of John & Elizabeth Carter y^ daughter of David 
Holland Esq'= (his wife) was borne y<= 1° of Jannav Bap' 13''' in M^ Carters 
y^ Minister's house. 

1665, June I. Mary Daughf of Mr. John Buckworth Merchant and Mrs. Hester 
his wife. 

Mary was the third, and youngest daughter of Sir John Buckworth, by 
Dame Hester, his wife (widow of Moses Goodyear, of London, Merchant), 
sister of Sir John Buckworth, first Baronet, of Sheen, county Surrey, and 
was married first, at St. Peter le Poor, London, 1682, August 24, to William 
Hussey, Esq. (younger brother of Sir Thomas Hussey, second Baronet of 
Honington, county Lincoln), Merchant of London, who was appointed 
Ambassador to Turkey, was knighted 1690, April 17, and died while on his 
mission at Adrianople, 1691, September 13. She was married, secondly, at 



THE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. 157 

St. Giles in the Fields, 1694-5, January 7, to John Evans, Esq., also a 
Merchant of London, and partner of her former husband. She appears 
to have had no children. She was buried in the grave of her second 
husband. Her will (made at Chelsea) was proved by her nephews. Sir 
John Buckworth, Bart., and his brother. See Chester's "Notes, West' 
Abbey," Bur. Reg., 1727, April 13, and 1731, June 16. 

1667, Nov. 21. Daniell sonn of Mr. Daniell Milles Reef & Mrs. Mary his Wife 
was Baptized Privatly Sunday y° 17"' Instant & Thursday ffollowing 
Publiquely in y= Church : on w* occasion Mr. Gifford Preached : f God- 
fathers Weare S' John Minns & S' Robert Brookes, ye Godmoth' Madam 
Pepys. 

1679, April 18. fHeetwood sonn of S"' Denny Ashburnham and y^ Lady Ann 
Ashburnham was christend. 

Sir Denny Ashburnham, the first Baronet, was Victualler of the 
Navy, and his second wife was daughter of Sir David Watkins, Knight. 
Their son, Fleetwood, died an infant. Two other children were baptized 
at Putney; a daughter. Honor, 1681 ; a son, Thomas, in 1682. [Lyson's 
"Environs," vol. iv, p. 607, ft.n.] 

1679, May I. Christian da' of Sir Anthony Deane, Knight, & Dame Christian 
Deane. 

Sir Anthony Deane (1638?-! 721) was a shipbuilder. He became a 
Commissioner of the Navy, 1675, Member of Parliament for Harwich, 1679, 
and was the author of several nautical inventions, which are noticed by 
Pepys and Evelyn in their Diaries. — Pepys : 1666, May 19. " Mr. Deane 
and I did discourse about his ship Rupert, built by him, which succeeds 
so well as he hath got great honour by it, and I some by recommending 
him; the King, Duke, and everybody saying it is the best ship that was 
ever built." Also, 1669, April 20, Deane offered Pepys a third of the 
profit that might result from his invention of the gun, "which they do 
call Punchinello," which, Pepys says, " may prove considerable to us." 
Between 1674 and May, 1677, Deane was knighted, "but the date is 
not given in any accessible list, printed or manuscript."' Deane and 
Pepys were firm friends, and both had enemies, as Evelyn shows by the 

' " Dictionary of National Biography,'' vol. xiv, p. 251. 



iS8 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

following entry : 1690, June 10. " Mr. Pepys read to me his Remon- 
strance shewing with what malice and injustice he was suspected with 
Sir Anth. Deane about the timber of which the 30 ships were built 
by a late Act of Parliament." 

1679, Aug. 21. Mary Ua' of Sr. William Buck Knight and Barron'" & Dame 
ffrances his wife. 

" Mary" was afterwards the wife of Charles Hoar, of Rushford, in 

Derbyshire, Esquire. 

1679, Oct. 31. Henry sonn of Thomas Pope Blunt Esq= & Madam Jane Blunt 
his wife. 

Henry was born 1679, October 29, died 1680, March 6, and was 
buried at Ridge, Herts. 

Thomas Pope Blunt married Jane Ca;sar, only daughter of Sir 
Henry Ceesar, Knt., in our Church, 1669, July 22. [See Marriage Register 
and note, p. 169. J 

1681, June 12. EHzabeth Da'' of S"' William Buck Bar'. & Dame ffrances 
his wife. [Another dau. Frances, who died before her father, was baptized, 
1682, Aug. 23.J 

July 25. Charles sonn of Richard Midlton ' Esq"' & Mrs. Elizabeth his wife 

1682, April 25. Essix Da"' of Sir Anthony Deane, Knight, & Dame Christian 

his lady. 

See Baptism of a daughter "Christian," 1679, May i, and notes. 

1682, April 27. Elizabeth Da'' of S'' John Narbrough, Knight, and Dame Elizabeth 
his Lady. 

"Sir John Narborough" was a Commissioner of the Navy, and Author 
of "Voyages." His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Captain John Hill; 
married at Wanstead, 1681, June 20. [Lyson's " Environs," vol. iv, p. 243.J 
1682, July 19. Ann da'' of S'' Thomas Pope Blunt, Kni", and Dame Jane Blunt. 

See Bapt. Reg., 1679, October 31, and Mar. Reg., 1669, July 22. 

1684, May 8. Joseph sonn of Sr. Richard Haddart, Kni', and Dame Elizabeth 

his Lady. 
1685-6, Jan. 21. Robert sonn of Robert Knightley Esq"' by Ann his wife Da'' of 

S'' John Chapman Kn' & Alderman of Lond ; Baptized y' 21 Jan'T 1685 by 

Daniell Milles, D.D. Reef of this pish. 
1686, Dec. 12. Dorothy Da'' of Alderman Thomas Hartopp by Mrs. Elizabeth 

his wife. 

' Afterwards spelt Middleton. 



THE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. 159 

1687, Dec. 20. Elizabeth Susannah Daughter of William Sedgwick Esq-- by Mrs. 

Anna Sedgwick his wife was borne and Baptized. 
The child had two Christian names ; the giving of more than one is 
infrequent till the present century, but now quite the rule. The child 
had an early tide to the covenant of grace, being baptized on the day of 
her birth. 

1688, Sep. II. Dorothy Da' of S' William Booth Knight by Madam Rosamund 
his Lady. 

1688-9, Jan. 13. Robert sonn of Je.Tery Amherst Esq. by Mrs. Elizabeth his wife 
Daughf of Sr Robert Knightley, Knight, of this pish, was borne on y<^ xxxi of 
Janury 1688 and was Baptized y"= same day by Docf^ Daniell Milles Rector 
of this pish, the God ffathers weare S' Rob' Knightley & Mr. John Pouldon, 
the Good mother was Madam Lucy ffauconberge. 
These were stirring times. 1688-9, Feb. 13. Accession of William 
and Mary. 

1689, May 7. Wilham sonn of Robert Knighdey, Esq., by M" Ann his wife Da"- 

of S"- Jno. Chapman Knig' late Alderman of London was borne on 
Munday y= vi instant, & Baptized at y^ house of S"- Robert Knightley in 
Seething Lane, London, by D"- Daniell Milles y"^ Rector on Teusday being 
y* vii day of y= same month of May afforesaid, his Godfathers weare 
S"- Rob' Jefferyes, Knight and Alderman of London & M-^ Tho. ffaulkenbridg 
and y' Godmother Madam Angell Hampton. 

1692-3, Jan. 31. Ann Da"- of y= Worl' Will Gore, Knigh', by Dame Elizabeth 
his wife. 

1696, Nov. 18. Ann y^ Daughter of S-" Clowsley Showell and Elisabeth his Lady 
was christened. 

Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell was married in the church of 
Allhallows Staining, 1690-1, March 10, to the widow of his patron. Sir John 
Narborough. Two daughters were born of this marriage, co-heiresses, the 
elder of whom married Lord Romney, and the younger Sir Narborough 
d'Aeth, Bart. 

1696-7, Feb. 23. Robert y'^ Sonn of Augistin ffitzhugh and Mary his wiffe. 
1 701-2, Feb. 13. Thomas Crosley a foundlin was so baptised. 
Named after Crosley Court, now New London Street. 

1704, April 23. William Sonn of William and Mary LethieuUier. \See Lethieullier 
pedigree sketch in the Appendix.] 
Nov. 16, Brice Seasor a Blackamore about 16 years of Age. 

' Worshipful. 



i6o THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

1705, Dec. 23. Bathsheba daugh of D"' Richard and M"^"" Ruth Meade. 
Dr. Meade was appointed 1703, May 15, Physician to St. Thomas's 
Hospital, and was then hving at Stepney, but, finding the distance too 
great, he took a house in Crutched Friars, where he resided seven years. 
[H. B. Wheatley.J 

1705-6, Jan. 8. Annamariah' daughter of Samuel Raustern and M'''" Sarah 
his Wife. 

1705, Jan. 10. Mary daughter of Comisio'' Thomas Harlow and Sarah his wife. 

1709, Aug. 21. Mary daugh"" Edward and Ann Rust baptised. 

Mary Rust was the second daughter of Edward Rust, of Crutched 
Friars, Wine Cooper, by his wife Anne Buck, married at Allhallows', 
Barking, 1707, October 7. Mary was married at Westminster Abbey, 1732, 
July 27, to Jacobus Whitchurch, junior, of St. Bartholomew by the 
Exchange, London, and is described as "of St. Olave's, Hart Street." 
"Both single." Jacobus Whitchurch was son of James Whitchurch, of 
London, descended from a family of that name of Frome Selwood, County 
Somerset, and became a wealthy merchant. His will, 1782, was proved 
1786, February 22. He left large bequests to various charities. Mary, 
his wife, was living in 1757, but died before the date of her husband's will. 

1710, Nov. 12. Elizabeth Davghter of Edward Rust & by Anne his wife baptised. 
Elizabeth was the third, but second surviving, daughter of the 

aforesaid Edward Rust. She was married (his second wife) 1737, June 30, 
to Richard Hoare, of St. Dunstan's in the West, who was the son of Henry 
Hoare, Goldsmith and Banker, in London, by Jane, daughter of Sir William 
Benson, of Bromley, Middlesex, Knight, and was born 1709, March 2. He 
was Sheriff of London, 1740, Lord Mayor, 1745, knighted October 31st 
in that year. \^See Chester's " Notes on Mar. Reg., Westminster Abbey," 
1737, June 30.] 

1721, Dec. I. Gilbert son of M"" John & M™ Bridget Heathcot was born the sixth 
of November & bap' Ded : y^ first day by the Lord Bishope of Hereford.' 

Cf. 1733, Aug. 19. Henrietta & Maria, Twins, Daughters of S"" John Heathcott 
Baron' & Bridget his Lady. 

' Anna Maria. 
^ Dr. Benjamin Hoadlcy, translated to Salislniry, thence to Winchester; died 1761. 



THE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. i6: 

1724-5, March 19. Wm. St. Quintin, Esq., was baptized the Son of S"' William S' 
Quintin, Barr' and the Lady Rebecca his wife by the Rev. Mr. — Harrison. 

1733, April 10. Hugh son of W" Saintquinton, Kn', & Lady Rebecca. 

1733, Aug. 19. Henrietta & Maria, Twins, Daughters of S"' John Heathcott 
Baron' and Bridget his Lady. 

1733-4, Feb. II. Stawel ' and Margerett, twens, daughters to Mr. Granado and 
M"'^ Ann Pigott. Privat Baptizim. Full Baptized March the twenty sixth. 

1744, Oct. 17. Mary daughter of Thomas and Mary Tryon baptiz'', born y= 8*. 

She was the only child of Thomas Tryon, of St. Dionis 
Backchurch, London, and of Mary Yard, of St. George's, Hanover 
Square, who were married in Westminster Abbey, 1730, January 27. 
Their daughter, Mary Tryon, died unmarried about 1774. Her mother, 
Mary Yard, was daughter of Robert Yard, Esq., one of the Masters in 
Chancery. \See Chester's "Notes, Wesf Abbey," Mar. Reg., 1729-30, 
January 27.J 

' Not as originally written. 




THE MARRIAGE REGISTER. 



CHAPTER X. 

The Marriage Register — Some of the principal names in it. The Ven. John Parker, 
Archdeacon of Ely. Sir Harry Weston. Edward Bnckewoode. George Fleetwood. 
Sir Richard Bingham. Edmund Verney. Sir John Poynt. Sir Thomas Hunt. 
Sir Henry Bowyer. Sir Steven Thornhurst. Sir Arthur Harris. William Fanshawe. 
Sir John Suckling. Sir Robert Knollys. John Ayliffe. Edward Dacres. John Heath. 
Thomas Pope Blunt. Sir Charles Peers. 

The earliest Register is entitled : — 

" The Booke of all suche as have binn maried in the gishe of St. Olaves 
in Hartestreete from the iv of October anno 1 563 tyll — 

The first entry in this book is : — ■ 

1563 Saturday 27 novembr. were married James Briera sexton of this pishe and 

Agnes Rudly widdow w'^'' also was Mr. Woodford's nurse. 

The day of the week is given here and in entries till 1566, May 19, 

inclusive. In the first five entries the five ladies w^ere widows, and out of 

seventeen marriages recorded on the first page, twelve of the brides were 

widows. 

Satturday 1 1 Decembr. Gyles Snickler, minister of Allhallow Staynings, and Johane 
Bosann widdow of this parish. 

1564 Thursdaye 4 Aprill John Lattimer of Bradfeilde in Essex & Anne Cole 

of Barfoldc in Sufifolke w'' wer maried by licence from my lorde of 
canterburge. 

Tewesdaye 25 July. Henry Gylman of the courte, genP, and Jane morly daughter 
of m'' morly e of this pishe gent." 

' See monument to Mr. Thomas Morley, page 74. 



THE MARRIAGE REGISTER. 163 

1567, May 8. Davide woode, clarke and m'' of Artes, of Lynn and Jane 
Woodcocke of this pishe. 

1568, June 8. Richarde Van menes strangr & Katherin Criam of this gishe. 

1568-9, Jan. 6. M"- John Parker, Clarke & Archdecon of Elye, & wenefreide Turnor 

the daughter of m'' Dcor Turner." 
1572, May II. S' Harry weston, Knighte, and Elizabeth Ryppes. 

The following note precedes the first entry of the year 1576 :— 

" Entred by me W™ Baker clarke of S' Olyves in Harte Streete.'' 
Baker was the third Parish Clerk whose name is recorded, and he 
appears to have been the Registrar. 

1576, June 3. W"" Garret & mary Newton, puell : 

1576-71 Feb. 17. M""- Edwarde Buckewoode of Mowsam Hall in Essex and 
Tomazin Lukin widowe of greate Badowe in eadem by a licence. 

1577, June 2. Tussyne de Valloyse strangr & M"- Katharin Morgan stranger in 

Dcbr hectors house by a license. 

[See Bur. Reg. 1577, August 7. "Mrs. Katharine Tussin de 
Valois wife."] 

1578, April 14. John Avies & Maudehn' Tyndale, puell. 

The lady was, perhaps, related to the Reformer. 

1578, Dec'^- 8. John ffisher ni?rchaunte & Anne mouse puell sister to Mrs. 

Banninge g licen. 
1581-2, Jan. 10. Lisle Cave gent & Mary Samson gent puell oute of S"" ffrauncis.^ 

Jan. 23. Mr. John Matterhouse, prcher [preacher : chaplain] & Mrs. Katherin 

Thwayt gent out of S'' ffrauncis.^ 
1583, Aug. 14. Mr. Thomas Hale o"" [our] minister & Barbara Alleine ancilla.'' 

Hale was not admitted rector till 4th December, 1583. See p. 250. 

1585, April 19. Mr. George ffleetwoode gent. & Mrs. Katherine Denny gen ancilla* 
from my lor: Walsinghames g licence cant. 

George Fleetwood, the son of Thomas Fleetwood, of the Vache, 
Chalfont, Bucks, Treasurer of the Mint, M.P. for Chipping Wycombe, 

' Dr. Turner, Dean of Wells. ^ Magdalen. ' Sir Francis Walsingham's. 

* Ancilla. Lat: ancilla, handmaid, dim. of ancula, dim. fem. of early L. ancus, anca, servant. A maid- 
servant, handmaid. New Eng. Die, J. A. H. Murray, part i, Oxford, 1884. Until the time of the Common- 
wealth, upper servants in great houses often were related to the family by blood or marriage. Cf. 1590-1, 
February 15. Mr. Thomas Browne, minister, and ffrances Shuter ancilla the La; Walsinghame's maid. 

y 2 



i64 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

28 Elizabeth, was knighted by James I ; mar. Katherine, daughter of Sir 
Henry Denny, of Cheshunt, and died 1620, December 21. [Burke's 
" Commoners."] 

1587, Oct. 16. Thomas Bromly, Butcher of S' Leonard Eastcheap & Anne 

of this pishe were married at St. Andrewes Hubbard in East 

cheape by Hcence but p"* duities here. 

The lady's surname is omitted. 

1587-8, Jan. II. S"' Richarde Bingham, Knighte, & Mrs. Sara Higham one of my 
lady Sidneys gent j) banes. 
Jan. 31. Thomas middleton & EHzabeth Olmestead, vidua. 
1589, June I. M'' Edmonde Verney esquire & Mrs. Mary Simbarbe, vidua. 
15931 Oct. 14. M' Peter Hylem & Barbara Highlord ancilla p' licence. 
1596, Aug. II. Thomas Day & Thophila Wagge ancilla. 
1598-9, Feb. II. Nicholas Banninge & Adrean Golden vidua. 
1600, June 2. S'' John Poynt & Grisell price vidua. 
1604, Aug. I. John Param & Judeth Heighlord ancilla. 

1609, Nov. 28. Sir Thomas Hunt & the Ladie Elizabethe Cherrie vidua 
J) Licence. 

"Sir Thomas Hunt," knighted 1603, July 23, then of Norfolk. 

" The Ladie Elizabethe Cherrie," nde Elliot was daughter and 
co-heir of Edward Elliot, of Poplar, Middlesex ; was married first, to 
Christopher Holmes, of London ; secondly, to Sir Francis Cherry ; thirdly, 
at St. Olave's, to Sir Thomas Hunt. 

Sir Francis Cherry, "of London," knighted at Chatham, 1640, 
July 4, was purveyor to the Navy, and he and his son received from the 
king the office of merchant for providing cordage and stores to the Navy 
for life. In Queen Elizabeth's reign he was sent to Russia (1588) with 
a letter from the Queen to the Emperor, vindicating her from the 
charge of assisting the Great Turk, and in favour of her merchants 
trading to Russia. He died at the age of 51, and in his will "he 
leaves his wretched body to be buried in the Ch. of A. S. Barking, 
in ye same Vault where margaret my wife lies." He was buried 1605, 
April 14. His will was proved in P. C. C. October, 1605. Maskell 
says : " Cherry's tomb existed when Strype's Stow was published in 



THE MARRIAGE REGISTER. 165 

1720/ a flat stone inscribed thus : — ' This stone beiongeik to Francis Cherry, 
Vintner, and his heirs. Here lyeth Margarett, Wife of Francis Cherry, 
by whom he had issue eleven children. She died of the twelfth child z;« 
1 595- ' The Ladie Elizabeth ' seems to have been his second wife. He 
was a member of the Vintners' Company, lived in Beer [Bear] Lane, 
and was a benefactor to the poor of Barking Parish." [See Maskell's 
" Allhallows Barking, and Collect. Topog. et Geneal," II.] 

1609, Dec. 4 Sir Henrie Bowyer & M"'^ Anne Salter ancilla g Licence. 

" Sir Henrie " was grandson of Francis Bowyer, an Alderman 
of London, and father of Sir Wm. Bowyer, of Denham Court, Bucks, 
who was created a baronet in 1660. The baronetcy is still existing. [See 
Wootton.] "Sir Henrie," whose marriage is here recorded, died 1613, 
December 27. His mother was afterwards Countess of Marlborough. 
Iri 1595' Queen Elizabeth demised Denham Court to Wm. Bowyer, Esq., 
afterwards knighted, and the Bowyer family continued to reside there 
till about 1846, when the house and demesne were sold. Dryden visited 
Sir W. Bowyer, at Denham Court, and there translated the first Book of 
the "Georgics," and part of the last Book of the "yEneid" of Virgil. 
{See Sheehan's " History of Bucks," 1862, pp. 858-9, and Wootton's 
" Baronetage."] 

"Mrs. Anne Salter" was the only daughter of Sir Nicholas Salter, 
of Enfield, who was one of the Farmers of the Customs, knighted with 
Sir John Wolstenholme, 161 7, March 11. 

161 1-2, Jan. 20. Si"' Steven Thornhurst and M"'^ Dorothi de Otthen widoo to 
D"' Hippocrates. 

Feb. 18. piere Kean and Sara Ducie maried at French.' 

1614-5, Jari- 31- Sir Arthur Harris & Ladie Ann Bowyer. 

Sir Arthur Harris, of Cricksea Hall, a manor in the county of 
Essex, was the eldest son of John Harris, who had three sons and one 
daughter, Alice, wife of Sir Henry Mildmay, of Graces. Sir Arthur 
married first, Anne, sole daughter and heiress of Robert Cranmer, of 
Charsted, in Kent ; secondly, Anne, sole daughter of Sir Nicolas Salter, 

' It is not mentioned in the 1754 edition. -^The French Church. See Reg. Bap., 1575, July 10. 



1 66 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVES HART STREET. 

of Enfield, in Middlesex, widow of Sir Henry Bowyer, of Denham, Kt, 
at St. Olave's. \See Reg. Mar., 1609, December 4. Morant's "Essex, 

I. P- 363-"] 

1615, June 6. Gillamie Martel and Elizabeth Fowere maried at y* French Church 

from us. 
1615, Dec. 12. William Fanshew and Catharin Woolstenholme. 

"William Fanshew," of Parslowes, Dagenham, county Essex, Auditor 
of the Duchy of Lancaster, died 1634, and was buried at Barking, Essex. 
He married "Catharin," daughter of Sir John Wolstenholme. \Cf, Bap. 
Reg., 1622, November 17, baptism of a son Thomas.] A lineal descendant, 
John Gaspard Fanshawe, Esq., residing at 13, St. George's Road, S.W., 
now owns the manor of Parslowes. 

Thomas, father of William Fanshawe by his second wife, who was 
daughter of G. Smith of Ostenhanger, Kent, was Remembrancer of the 
Exchequer; bought Ware Park, and was buried at Ware. He served 
as Baron of the Cinque Ports for Rye in Parliament, thirteenth year of 
Elizabeth, and was burgess for Arundel in several subsequent parliaments ; 
died in March, 1601. See Knollys, Fanshawe, and Wolstenholme 
pedigree sketches in the Appendix. 

1616-7, March 2. Sir John Suckling & Jane Hawkins. 

161 7, April 28. Sir Robert Knolls and mrs. Jone Woolstenholm. 

162 1, Dec. 30. Teddur Robert and Welthian Linnie. 

1626, Nov. 21. John Miller and Eliphalet Reynolde. 

1634, July I. ffrancis Rivett & Elizabeth Bewley. 

Perhaps related to Thomas Bewley, to whose wife and " their onely 
son," there is a monument from Allhallows Stayning. \See p. 130.] 
1636, April 26. John Aylifife & Katherine ffanshawe mar'' p Lycence. 

Katherine Fanshawe was daughter of William Fanshawe, of Parslowes, 
and of Catherine, daughter of Sir John Wolstenholme. They had two 
sons, Thomas and William. 

Sir Benjamin Ayliffe, Bart, was Master of Clothworkers' Company 
in 1 68 1. \See portrait at their Hall. J 

1639, Sep. 10. Edward Dacres & y= Lady Annabella Atkins p Lycence. \_See 
Dacres and Atkins pedigree sketch in the Appendix.] 



THE MARRIAGE REGISTER. 167 

1640, July 4. John Tomson & Argentyiie Thiddam mar'' p Banes. 
During the Commonwealth, marriage was deprived of its religious 
character, and became by law little, if anything, more than a civil contract. 
By an Act passed 24th August, 1653, the banns were to be published three 
successive Lord's Days at the close of the morning service in the public 
meeting house, commonly called the church or chapel, or, if the parties so 
desired, in the market place, three market days in three successive weeks 
between the hours of eleven and two. In this case the parties were to appear 
before a j'ustice of the peace for the county, or the mayor of a corporate town. 
A register [registrar] was appointed in every parish. The word registrar is 
not found in the older Statutes, or in Johnson's Dictionary. Waters, p. 14. 

The following occurs at the end of the book, and is inserted in this 
place as explanatory of the change in the character of the marriages during 
the Commonwealth : — 

M"* That whereas it appeareth unto me Thomas Andrewes on [one] of the Aldermen 
& on [one] of the Justices of y= peace w'Mn the Cittie of Lon : By a certificate under the 
hands of divers Inhabitants of the pish of Olave, Hart Streete London, That Thomas Slater of 
the pish afores<^ being an able and honest pson was on the one & Twentieth day of September 
1653 by y"= greater parte of the Inhabitants & howseholders of the %^ pish chargeable to y= 
reliefe of the poore, then p''sent made choyse & to be y"= parish Register there in y^ pish afores"^ 

According to a late Acte of parliam' made & Intituled an Act touchinge marriages & 
y= registering thereof & also touchinge Births & Burialls, I the s'' Thomas Andrewes having 
sworne the s"^ Thomas Slater well & truely to execute the office of parish Register w'^'in y= s"* 
pish doe by th^= p'sents approve of y= s"* Thomas Slater to be the Pish Regist of the s"* pish & 
to have the safe keeping of the Booke pvided by the s"^ pish for the registering of all marriages 
& of all Births of Children & Burialls of all sorts of people w''*in the pish afores'' accords to 
the forme of y« Act afs'' w'='' I doe hereby signifie under my hand this Thirtieth day of May 
one Thousand six hundred ffiftie ffowre. ^gigned) Tho : Andrewes. 

There is no break in the Registers, but previous to the entry, 1654, 
May 18, there is the following : — 

These are to certifie that this z^ of January i653-[4] Thomas Slater of St. Olave Hart 
Streete London being chosen by the Inhabitants of y= said pish to be Register of ye same 
place came this day before me & was legally sworne to execute y^ office of Parrish register 
according to y^ tenor of an Act of parliam' touching Mariages. 

In testimony whereof I have hereto sett my hand the day & yeare above said. 

(Signed) Solls : Smith. 



i68 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

The entry immediately succeeding this legal memorandum is : — ■ 

Mayy^ 18''' Nicholas Dare and Ann Bowles were published in Leaden Hall Markett 
upon three severall daies in three sevrall weekes and married by Just' 
Swallowe. 

Nov.. 26. Thomas Griffine, marriner, & ffrancis Karzley were married by Justice 
Smith of Katherines published in the church three Lords daies. 

The next entry states the publication of banns thus : — 

October. Abraham Thorneto & Margarett Bradbridge published on three Lords 
dayes ; married in y' cuntrye. 

The following omits all reference to the publication of banns, in 
church or market place : — 

1653 4, Jan. 16. Archaden Cope & Elizabeth Seabrent were married by 
M' Harris, Schoolemaster. 

In several cases an Alderman " officiated." Here is one : — ■ 

1654, May Charles Harzwell & Sarah Whittaker published in Leaden hall market 
three several daies in 3 several weekes, married by Aid Titchbourne. 

The Act of 1653 was not always respected : and partly from attach- 
ment to old customs, partly owing to religious feeling, marriages were still 
solemnized in the church. Here is an example, interesting as showing regard 
for the law, supplemented by attachment to a religious custom. One of the 
parties was of great note in the parish, viz., the lady, who was the daughter 
of Sir Andrew Riccard. An Alderman, therefore, and a Bishop were 
engaged in tying the nuptial knot. 

1655-6, March 23. John Geare Esq'' and Christian Riccard published in the ch : & 
married y' 22th of Aprill att St. Barthololo ' by Aid"' Ireton & afterwards by 
Bishopp Brumbricke.'' 

In 1657 the law was so far altered as to admit of marriages being 
solemnized in a church with a religious service, if the parties so wished. 

' St. Bartholomew by the Exchange. 

^No doubt meant for Brownrigg, of rembrolic Hall, Cambridge (Bishop Andrewes was of the same 
foundation) ; Preb. of Ely, Archdeacon of Coventry, became Master of Catherine Hall, Cambridge, V.C. of the 
University, Bishop of Exeter; in 1642 was deprived of the revenues of his Bishopric and Mastership by the 
Parliament. Died in 1659. An excellent scholar, an admirable orator, an acute disputant, a pathetic preacher, 
with a great deal of wit as well as of wisdom. The style of his sermons is superior to that of his age. In doctrine 
he was a Calvinist. \^Sec Darling's " Cyclop. Bibl."] 



THE MARRIAGE REGISTER. 169 

In 1659 the Church Marriage Service was re-established. 

Aprill 26. Robert Brooks esq"' and Ann Margarett Mildmay married g Mr. Mills, 
Parson. 

Notice the two christian names — quite exceptional at this date. 
It may be noticed that there are two entries in 1662, and one in 
1663, where no surname is given, and the space is blank, e.g. : — 

1662, Sepf 9. William & Eliz. marry'^ p"' Lice. 
Sepf II. John and Hanna marrye'^ p' Licence. 

1663, June II. Richard & Sarah marrye"* p' Licence. 

1664, April 24. 3ok^ Heath DiTo Carolo Ueg'i Ducatus Lancaster Attornato 
Ginali and M"* Margarett Prettyman of this pish vidua A kinswoman of the 
R" wor" John Minns, Knight, one of his Ma"^ Com' ffor y= navy maryed. 

May 28. M' Thomas Ducke and M'* Mary ffordde was marryed by M' Steeuens, 

S' Richard ffordds Chaplin y= jptyes' both of this gish p. licence. 
1669, July 22. Thomas Pope Blount of Tittenhanger in y'= county of Hartfordshire 
Esq^ And M"" Jane Caesar of Beilington in y'= County of Hartford afforesaid 
p. Licence. 
Jane Caesar was the great grand-daughter of the famous Sir Julius 
Caesar, (his surname Adelmare he almost wholly abandoned). Master of the 
Rolls, born 1557, died 1636, buried April 28 in the chancel of St. Helen's. 
Bishopsgate. 

She was daughter of Sir Henry Caesar Adelmare, Knight, and of 
Elizabeth, sole daughter and heiress of Robert Angell, of London, Merchant. 

\_See "Lodge's Lives of the Caesars," London, 1827, and the "Annals 
of St. Helen's, Bishopsgate," by Dr. Cox; "Worthies connected with the 
Parish"; the "Caesar Family," and "Notes by a Lineal Descendant," Miss 
F. E. Cottrell-Dormer.J 

1679-80, Feb. 25. Godfry Peil of S' Katherine Cree church London & Dorcas 

Shakemaple of Stepney in y^ County of Midx. Lie. 
1683, April 17. John Deleau Met''' of y^ pish of St. Bartholomew Exchange Lon- 
don & Ann Letheillion^ of this pish weare Maryed. 
1696, June 3. Charles Hore bachelor of Chagford in Devonsheir and Mary Buck 

of Hanby Grange in Lincolnsheir was married p Lycence. 
1698, June 5. Jacob Heath of S' Mary Ottery in y= County of Devonsheir widdower 

and Rose Palmes of S' Anns Blackfryers London spinster. 
1698, July 28. John Nelthropp of S' Pulchers London Widdower and Elisabeth 
Arthur of S' Johns Hackny Widdow was Maried p Lycence. 

' parties. ' Merchant. ' LethieuUier. 

z 



170 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFS'S HART STREET. 

Chester gives the following entry of 22nd May, 1716, from "Mar. 
Reg., Westminster Abbey " : — 

1 7 16, May 22. Augustine Woolaston single man and Elizabeth Nelthorpe,' widow. 
1704, May 29. Joseph Mellish Esq"= of y= County of Nottingham and M^"" 
Dorithy Gore, married p Lycence ; the daughter of Sir W" Gore of y^ 
parish of St. Olave Hartstreet London. 

1 72 1, July 14. S' Charles Peers of S' Olave Hart-Street London Widowar & 

Lucie Baighton of S' Andrew Holborn in the County of Midd^ Wido were 

married p Licence. 

Sir Charles was Lord Mayor 17 15. A Branch [sword rest] to be 

put up in his pew by order of Vestry, 17 15, November 2. See chapter iii, 

pp. 47, 48, " Sword Stands." 

It is interesting to notice the different ways of spelling the same word 
during the years 1726 to 1737: — bachelor, batheolder, batchelder, batcheldor, 
batcheolder, batcheler, batcholder, batchelor, batchelour, bathcler, bachler. 

17591 Oct. 30. Michael Fox of the parish of S' George the Martyr in the County 
of Middlesex Widower and Appellinea Lawrence of this Parish Spinster were 
married in this Church by Licence this 30th day of Octo' 1759 by me 
D'' Davies, Curate. 

This marriage was solemnizd between us Michael Fox and applinear 
Fox late Lawrence in the presence of us. 

Sarah Cotterall. Geo ; Newton. 



The year 1783. 
No. 66. Joseph Benwell ...... of the Parish 

of St. Mary Battersea in the county of Surry, Bachelor and Elizabeth Burch 
of this Parish, Spinster . . were Married in this Church by 

Licence ... ... this twenty first Day of 

August in the Year One Thousand seven Hundred and eighty three . . . 
By me Hen. Owen, Rector. 

This marriage was solemnized between us ] FT h fh R vi 

( Mich' Pearson, Samuel Burch. 
in the presence of < Ann Benwell, Rich'' Bromley, Sarah Pearson. 
( Benjamin Collett, Elizabeth Stennett. 
Fanny Sharrer, Sar*" Thorpe. 

An unusual number of witnesses, here, and in the next extract. 

'She was daughter of William Bird, of Hackney, Middlesex, Esq., merchant; was married, first to James 
Arthur . . . and secondly at St. Olave's, Hart Street, 28 July, 1698, to John Nelthorpe . . , 



THE MARRIAGE REGISTER. 



171 



The year 181.1;. 

No. 33. John Anthony Caton Nourrisson of this Parish Bachelor and Herman- 
sina Du Roveray of the same Parish, Spinster ..... 
were Married in this Church by Licence ..... this 

fifteenth Day of March in the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred and 
fifteen. By me H. B. Owen, Rector. 



This Marriage was solemnized between us 



J. A. C. Nourrisson, 
Hermansina du Roveray. 



in the presence of I 
H. Mennet, 



F. L. du Roveray, J. L. Siordet, M. Bain, 

Sophie Mennet, 
John Mennet, F. E. du Rovery, Mary du Mont. 

Hett Amy, Ch. Mennet. 




Z 2 



THE BURIAL REGISTER. 



CHAPTER XI. 



The Burial Register. Some of the principal names : Thomas Morley, Dr. Turner, Dean of 
Wells, Sir John Radcliffe, Mary Benam \_Baynham'\, Elizabeth Bayning, Lady Sidney, 
Dr. Hector, Dr. Barron, Augustine Bassano, Sir James Deane, Lord Lumley, Andrew 
Bayning, Sir William Ryder, Peter Turner, Christopher James Elsenhaimer, Paul 
Bayning, Sir Thomas Glover, Alice Hull, Viscount Bayning, Jefferic Kerby, Rev. John 
Sim.son, Viscount Savage, Sir John Wolstenholme, Alderman John Highlord, Rev. 
Abraham Hane \_Hayne'\, Dr. Gibbons, Rev. John Frost, George Penn, Mary Ramsey, 
Sir William Batten, Elizabeth Pepys, Sir John Alennes \_Minns'\, Sir Andrew Riccard, 
John Pepys, Lady Ann Deane, Rev. Daniel Mills, Sir Robert Knightley, Samuel Peyps 
\J^epys\ and Elizabeth Boulter. 

The earliest Register is entitled : — 

The booke of all such as have been buried in the prish of Saint Olave in hart 
streate from the xxiiij of Aprill In Anno Domini 1563 unto etc. 
1563. April 26. Inprimis was buried Henry seamare." 
Aug. I. John Moraine, Sarvant to the Spanish Ambassador. 
5. Georg Sonne of Georg after clarke of this prish. 
13. WiUani bagnall sarvant to the earle of ArandalL 
Sept. 3. Walter Williamson of the plage ° the 3 daye of September. 
Immediately preceding this entry are the vi^ords "'Bovifers being 
clarke." He is the first Parish Clerk mentioned in the Registers, Thomas 
Leonard is the second, and Wm. Baker the third. {See Mar. Reg., 1576.] 

Oct. 7. Margerett Walles. 

i'er me Thomas Leonard, Clarke [of this parish]. 
Oct. II. Inprimis margerie smith daughter of Thomas smith p.° 



' Afterw.irds Seymour. 



' Plajrue. 



THE BURIAL REGISTER. 173 

After an entry of October 21, is the note, "buried this week 
17 psons." On October 24th we have the first mention in our Register of 
a churchwarden. 

Oct. 24. George the Sonne of m' savaidg' churchwarden. 

The following is no solitary example in the Registers of a Dorcas 
" full of good works and almsdeeds " : — 

Oct. 31. Joane alen a pore woman w'^h was taken into the goodwife sanders 
howse for godsake. 

1564. May 23. Georg Hudson a pewterar dwelling over against the chrochet friars. 

Aug. 9. Maister gallierd Dwelling over against the well not far from the 
crochet friars. \See p. 3.] 

Nov. 9. A chrisom child the father thereof John Lannier a stranger and 
musitiner. 

The first entry of the burial of a "chrisom child." \See p. ']^.\ 

1564-5, Jan. 5. Ovvld father morrell out of his sonnes howse the gaodman morell 
cowper. 

1565, July 24. Now another handwriting appears in the Register. 

1566, July 24. M"" Thomas morly one of the Officers of the Queenes ma''" Navie. 
\See Monuments, p. 74.J 

1567, June 5. M' Mathew de Babaly stranger Ragosyn. 

He was an Italian, of Ragusi, one of many distinguished foreigners 
buried in the church. Strype mentions " Matthceus Babalius nobilis 
Ragusinus." The monument, erected by his friend Nicholas Gozzius, 
" nobili Ragusino aet. 27," has disappeared. 

1567, Sept. 6. James Bugbarde the sonne of M' Bugbarde. 

1568, July 9. M' dcor Turner. 
\_See Monuments, p. 79.J 

1568, Aug. 23. Elizabeth boglarde the daughter of M' Boglarde. 
Nov. 19. Sir John Ratcliffe, Knighte. 

\See Monuments, p. 93. J 

' Afterwards Savage. 



174 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

1569, April 14. mother nicholas the wiffe of ffather nicholas a Stranger. 
April 22. James Winter in the almos house. 
Probably the almshouses founded by Sir John Milbourne, draper, 
mayor, 1522, are referred to in this entry. \_See chapter xvii.] 

1569, Oct' 2. Richarde Bruer the Sonne of Widdowe Rallius slaine w* an 
arrowe in shootinge. 

1 57 1, April 25. A lackey of S' Thomas Myldemaies. 

July 13. Jane Style the daughter of M' Edmonde Style Esquire. 

1572, April 27. Oliver Harte a costare mong" 

1573, May 23. M' Gillam the queenes maties servante. 

1575-6, Jany 16. John Hutchinsonnes, Srvante to M' Doctor Ector of the blody 
fflix.^ 

1576, April 24 James Lawsone a child the sonne of Robte Lawsonne a poore 

man lyenge in the Savoy for reliefe. 

The Savoy. " So called of Peter earl of Savoy and Richmond uncle 
unto Eleanor wife to King Henry III. He first built this house in the 
year 1245. John the French King was lodged there in 1357 after the 
battle of Poictiers. In 1381 the rebels under Wat Tyler burnt this house. 
Of latter time it came to the Kings hands, and was beautifully built for a 
hospital of St. John Baptist by King Henry VII, for the which hospital, 
retaining still the name of Savoy, he purchased lands to be employed upon 
the relieving of 100 poor people." Stow, pp. 165, 166. 

1577, Aug. 7. M'^- Katharine Tussin de Valois wife Strang' of consumptio. 

Sept. 12. M"- marye Beynam wid at Allhallowes Stayninge who dyed in this pishe. 

Founded a Charity in 1572, for the relief of poor people resident in 
Allhallows and St. Olave's, Hart Street. [See p. 137, "wooden tablet"; 
also Benefactions, Appendix.] 

Oct' 26. Margerye Caucke widdow out of the Almese houses of a cowghe. 

Nov. 2. Sara mayet the daughter of Richarde mayet stranger a childe of the 
small poc[kes]. 

1578, Apr. 27. A woman childe of W™ Greenhouse deade borne. 

' " Costermonger, formerly costerd-inonger or costard-monger, a seller of costards or apples." Etym., Monger 
is modern English, a dealer, trader, from A. S. niangian, to traffic. Etym. of costard is doubtful. — Professor 
Skeat, "Etymological Dictionary." ^Flux. 



THE BURIAL REGISTER. 175 

Sept. 20. Cyprian walker the soune of Roberta walker of the pi. 

The same daye was buried ij twynes, a boy and a wenche of his before 
there tyme. 

Nov'- 6. Andrew the sonne of Humfrie Smith of a pining sicknesse. 

At the foot of the page in which this entry occurs is a memorandum : — 

" A new comandemente from the queene and hir Counsel to sertifie the names and 
surnames, the age and disease of every person dyenge within our parishe." 

Until the 15 July, 1580, we have a record of the age of the person 
burled, and of the cause of death — in obedience to the Queen's " new 
commandment." 

1579, April 7. Thomas Andersone srvante to the lo: Cobhame, of the kitchen 
aged 30 of the pi. 

1579, May 16. Agnes Peirsonn svante to M' Paule Banninge aged 30 years, 
bewitched. 

Dec. 21. Elizabeth the wife of Paule Banninge marchante aged 28 yeres of a 
consumption. 

1580, April 21. ffawlkener stranger aged 68 yeres of a swellinge in the heade. 

June 7. EUin the wife of Mr. John Organ aged 54 years of a swelling in the 
heade. 

July 15. Jozina Calluetto the daughter of John Calluetto strangr aged 29 yeres 

of the new disease. 
1580-1, Jan. 2. M"' Elizabeth Dennie gent oute of S' ffrancis walsinghames. 
Jan. 27. Jone willyhames oute of my Lo : Lummeyes.' 

Stow thus alludes to Lord Lumley's house. Tower hill was 
"sometime a large plot of ground, now greatly straitened by incroachments 
(unlawfully made and suffered) for gardens and houses; some on the banks 
of the Tower ditch, whereby the Tower ditch is marred, but more near unto 
the wall of the City from the postern^ north, till over against the 
principal fore-gate of the Lord Lumley's house, etc., but the Tower ward 
goeth no further that way." " On the north side of this [Tower] hill 
is the Lord Lumley's house." 

" Next to the alms houses founded by Sir John Milborne, 
draper, sometime Mayor, 152 1, in Woodroffe lane^ is the Lord Lumley's 

' Lumley's, spelt Lumneys, Bur. Reg., 1594-5, J^"' 29. 
^ Now "Postern Row." 'Now "Coopers' Row,'' 



176 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

house, built in thie time of King Henry VIII, upon one plot of ground 
of late pertaining to the Crossed friars, where part of their house stood," 
pp. 49 and 56. 

Jan. 27. The same day was buried George Cutbert grocer brought hether from 
whittington coUedge. 

" This church (St. Michael called Paternoster church in the Royall) 
was new built and made a college of St. Spirit and St. Mary founded 
by Richard Whitington, mercer, four times mayor, &c., &c. This 
foundation was suppressed by the statute of Edward VI. The alms houses 
with the poor men do remain and are paid by the Mercers." Stow, p. 91. 

The almshouses were removed to Highgate in 1808. College Hill, 
Upper Thames Street, still commemorates the foundation, and the Mercers' 
School stands on the site of the old college, but will shortly be removed 
to Barnard's Inn. 

1581, Oct. 25. Edithe marshe of the p' at the new churchyard. 

One cannot tell to what this refers, for the new churchyard, as it is 
usually called, on the east side of Seething Lane, was consecrated about a 
century afterwards (March 25th, 1680). [See Newcourt] 

From our Register it appears that the plague raged this year (1581) 
and the year following. 

1584-5, Mar. 12. Daniell de Fawe, stranger. 

1585, Nov. 18. Barbara Pettala the wife of M' W"" Peltala, Churchwarden. 

Cf. entry 1587 Dec. 15, Edward Pettala queenes musition. 
Dec' 18. Lady Ann Radchffe. 
\_See Monuments, p. 82. j 

1586, April 19. M' Tho: Oldsworthe gen. from M' Secretaries. 
Jun. 22. M' Pawlo Grimaldi, gent, stranger of Genoa. 

1586, Aug' 22. The oulde Ladye Sydney widdowe named marye was caried from 
hence to be buried at penhurstc' in Kente by S' henry hir husbande, but p"* 
all duityes here both to the pson the pishe and the officers of the Churche. 

Lady Sidney, who survived her husband but three months, was Lady 
Mary Dudley, eldest daughter of John, Earl of Warwick, Viscount De 
I'lsle, afterwards Duke of Northumberland. In the end she became the 

' rcnshiiist, 



THE BURIAL REOISTER. 177 

sole representative of the Dudleys, and united in her person the great houses 
of De I'Isle, Grey, Berkeley, Beauchamp, and Talbot. She was married to 
Sir Henry, only son of Sir William Sidney. Sir William, " the firste of his 
name who was Lorde of the mannor of Penshurst, was from his childhood 
brought up with Edward VI." Sir Henry Sidney took no part in the 
attempt of his father-in-law to place Lady Jane Grey on the throne, 
but prudently retired to Penshurst, where he remained during the stormy 
period which followed. It was a sad time for his young wife, whose father, 
brother, and sister-in-law died on the scaffold, while another brother, John, 
Earl of Warwick, was released from the Tower only to die at Penshurst 
before the year was over. Sir Henry Sidney was for some years Lord 
Deputy of Ireland, and was Lord President of Wales till his death, 
in 1586. 

1586, Sept. 14. Occurs the curious entry- — " Mother Goose." 

1587, Dec' 15. Edwarde Pettala queenes musition. 

Until 1600 the chief music was masses and madrigals, but dramatic 
music was much cultivated from that time. "The ladies, imitating the 
example of the Queen, practised embroidery, wrote beautifully, played 
curious instruments, knew how to sing in parts, etc." London, by Walter 
Besant, pp. 234-5. 

Dec' 22. M' W"" Simbarbe my la : walsinghames brother from Barkinge pishe. 

Cf. Entry Mar. Reg. 1589 June i, Mr. Edmonde verney esquire and Mrs. 

Mary Simbarbe vidua. 
1587-8, Feb. 13. Anthonie Turleye, Baron de Cockley, a stranger. 

„ ,, M' Nathaniell ptricke' who dyed in this pishe was carried to 

the Tower and buried there. 
Feb. 29. M'^ Tussayne de Valloys. \^Cf. Entry 1577, Aug. 7, Mrs. Katharine 

Tussyn de Valois' wife.] 
1587-8, March 20. Thomas Hibbens hosier slayne in his owne house. 

1588, June 29. A man Biackamore laye in the streete. 

1588-9, March 7. M' Thomas Lovell gent of Suffoute of M' Paule Bannings.'' 

1589, June 13. Angell the daughter of omnia ^ bene glasmak' by a broose in hir 

backe. 
1589-90, Jan. 10. mounsier Mawriha Strang'. 

1590, July 23. Grace a nigro out of doct' hectors.'' 

' Patrick. ^AIso spelt Banninge, Bayning. 'Omnia or Omina = Emma? 

'Ector, I57f January l6, p. 172. 

AA 



1 78 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFE'S HART STREET. 

1591, April 15. Elizabeth Wilkinsonne a childe slaine w'h M' Onion I.iquor Carte 

and the coroners queste wente one ' hir. 
Sep' 12. John Blome of morbo gallico. 

Sep' 13. M' dcor hector nooncz carried to Stepney to be buried but paide all 

duities here. 

Hector Nones, M.B., a Spaniard, admitted Fellow of Royal College 

of Surgeons, 1554, was "Censor, 1562, 1563. In the College Annals he 

is generally called Dr. Hector ; and in our Registers also. {See " Roll of 

the College of Surgeons," ed. W. Munk, 1878, vol. i, p. 54.] 

Oct. 31. Anne the wife of W" harisson, waterbearer. 
Guiliam le Chatt stranger p'' doble Duities. 
1591-2, Feb. 14. Denera the wife of M' Richard Tanner. 

1592, Aug' 15. M' John Wantan sercher.' 

1592-3, Feb. 8. John Stevenson seriante of the Admiraltie. 
Feb 23. Richarde Lyones the lo. Lumleyes man. 
,, „ Robert Clarke sercher buried at his pew dore. 

This was often chosen as the place of burial. 

March 22. A chrisome childe of Thomas Ryding. 

1593, Sep. 22. Dorcas Hale pchers^ daughter. 

Probably daughter of the Rector who resigned in 1590. 

1593-4, Feb. 27. Barnabie ffarrell'' grome of hir ma'"" stable. 
1594, April 9 and April 30. We have the first mention of pensioners, 
probably on Sir John Milbourne's foundation. 

April 19. M' dunstan buried under his pew in y"= side quere.' 
Oct' 28. John Tybball clarke of the glasse house. 

Dec' 27. M' Josias Simson precher o' psonnes brother buried in the chauncell on 
the north side of the com"^ table. 

John Sympson was " o' pson " at this time. 

C/. 1598, Oct, 12. Mary o' jisones sister was buried w"' hir Brother. 
iS94-5i Jany 29. Vincinso Jilio one of the glassemakers children. 
Janv 30. John Gosarde a cooke in the Lady Walsinghames house. 
P'ebv 22. mr. wm. Painter, Clarke of his ma''" ordinance diseased' in Katherin 
Colmans j)ishe and buried in this j}ishe in the side quier at the vestrie dore. 

'On. ^ To the Cusloms. 'Preacher's. '" ffarrowe," 1594, August 29. 

"Quire, choir. "Deceased. 



THE BURIAL REGISTER. 179 

1595, Aug' 20. Mrs. Barbara Highlorde the wife of Mr. John Highlorde. 

1596, April 19. Alvaro de Lyma a portugale strangr buried before the vestrie dore 

and brought from the Duke's place oute of Crechurche pishe. 

Duke's Place was so called after Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, 
who was beheaded in 1572. 

St. Katherine Cree or Christ Church. The present Church was 
consecrated by Laud, when Bishop of London, January 16, 1631. 

1596, June 23. Mr. Mathew fflyer m'chante buried in the chauncell before the 

redinge place. Cf. July 10 Mr. Edward fflier by his brother. 
July 17. John Goose one of the poore pentioners. 

John was probably related to Mother Goose. \See Bur. Reg., 1586, 
September 14. J 

Sept. I. Davie Mathewe the Ladye Walsinghames man. 

Oct. 7. Paule Justiano Cusino a m'chant stranger oute of m' Briatts buried in the 
Chauncell at the easte ende of the comunion table by the Redinge place. 

It is difficult to fix the precise place of burial described in this entry. 

Dec. 8. A Chrisome Childe of Mr. Willyame Amies buried below the pewe boxe 
in the middle allye. 

1597, April 9. Richarde Hide out of in' Lawes house cardmaker. 

„ „ Harry pope, Jentleman, buried in the north ally ov" againste the 

longe pewe out of the Lady Walsinghame's house. 
August 16. John hill one of the Bedells of S' Thomas Spittle. 

1598, March 29. M' John Garthorne, buried at his pewe dore in the north side 
quire, householder and one of the Costome house. 

April 19. Christian, the daughter of Giles Banbridge a childe buried in the 
northe alley at hir mother's pew dore. 

1598, Oct. ri. David Strezela de Rocketts, a bohemean, buried in the vaulte in 
the chauncell oute of m'' howells house. 

1598-9, Feb. 19. M'' W" Billingsleye, Jentelman, buried at the vestrie dore before 
his owne pewe. 

1599, April 17. m' Dcor Barron buried in the chauncell under the comunion 

table. 

\See " Crutched Friars," p. 296.J 

Sept' 18. m'Thompson, mynester,theLadieWallsingams chaplenby the vestree doore. 
Nov. 22. John madox the Ladie Rutlandes man buried in the church. 

1600, June 15. Giles Banbrige, Howseholder, buried at his pew doore. 
1600-1, March 16. A cresom woman child of S' James Deanes. 

There are severa,l entries about this time of " cresoms." 

AA 2 



i8o THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFE'S HART STREET. 

1 60 1, May 17. m' Anthonye Bacon buried in the chamb. within the vallt. 
1602-3, March 10. Innocent Comes one of her maiesties musitions buried w"" his 
wife north allie. 

In 1603, from July 5 to November 27, two hundred burials are 
recorded, the greatest number in one day being eight, viz., on i8th August. 

1603, July 25. John Orningtha stranger buried in the chancell at Lower End 

Comunion Table. 
Aug. II. Elsabeth Saunders a child pentioner. 
Sept. 3. ffrancis Ryttzo " out of byshopsgate street buried in the chancell in 

baconstombe. 
Sept. 6. Anne the wife of Wilfrie Spallding and her child new borne 

& unbaptized. 
Sept. 9. John Woodcock, householder, buried in Church before the ffont. 
Sept. 15. Roman Caveher, a French post. 
Sept. 16. Jane Poties the Dutch posteschild. 
Sept. 26. Allavizo a glassman out of Mr. Jacob. 

John de Pavm fostian weaver. 

Oct. 3. Mathias vanderbeck a Dutch post. 

Oct. 4. Cornelia a Dutch woman. 

Nov. 27. Isaac ifawcon, Goldsmith, from the Bullwarke & buried here. 

Between January 30 and April 11, 1604, there are no entries. 

1604, May 6. William the sonne of Christopher North. 

Oct. 8. Richard Blackwaie househollder buried in the chancell coming in att the 
dore close by the reading Pew. 

Oct. 24. Augustine Bassano buried w'hin the chancell Dore close to the Lord's 
Pewe.° 

1605, April 5. John Lampton the Lord Lumlies Steward buried in the chancell 

before the Reading Pew. 
April 8. A still borne childe of S' Tho: Savages. 
April 29. Isaack Morris a Frenchman. 

1606, April 18. Mr. Michell Martin the Lord Lumlies cooke buried in the chancell 

Aug. 7. Rebecca the wife of Mr. Robert Angell buried in the chancell In the 
south side therof betwene the tombe' and the Long Pew. 

Sir Henry Csesar Adelmare, knight, married Elizabeth, sole daughter 
and heiress of Robert Angell, of London, merchant. \Scc " Annals of 
St. Helen's, Bishopsgate," by Dr. Cox, p. 301.] 

' Rizzio. ^Probably Lord Sudbury's. 'Perhaps the Radcliff? tomb. Cf. 1606-7, January 22, 



THE BURIAL REGISTER. i8i 

Oct. 8. Emberie Blackwell widdow buried in the Cliancell on the north side 

before the tomb and the Longe Pew. 
Dec. 5. M' John Bradshawe Died here & was carried to the New Churchyard.' 

1606-7, Jany 22. M' John Humffrie m'chant Died in the <pishe of Kathern 
Collman buried here in the Chancell close to S' John Radcliffes Tombe. 
Cf. 1610, Nov. 4 a burial in the up: end of the chancell a little wide of 
S' John Radcliffes tombe. 

1608, June 2. Sir James Deane. 
\See Monuments, p. 75.] 

July 14. Piere des champes a frenche youthe. 

1608-9, Feb. 19. Alse Hayle an old maid from widow Nobles. 

Feb. 23. M" An Price one of the Ladie Lumlies gentelwomen chancell. 

1609, April II. The Lord Lumlie died here at his howse on the eleventhe of 
Aprill 1609 and on the 12* of the same monthe was carried in to the 
countrie- & there buried, p"^ all dewties. 

1609, Oct. 6. M" .... Thimblethot widow buried in the mydle ally. 
Oct. 13. Acteon Good howsehollder. 

,, ,, the wiffe of Acteon Good, both at one tyme & in one grave. 
Dec"^- 13. M' John Robbinson Cheife Sercher for the Kinges Costom was buried 

in the chancell on the southe side of the Gomunion table. 
May 29. His sister M" Stevenson buried in the south lie. 

1610, Dec' 23. M' Andrew Bayninge. 
\_See Monuments, p. 89.J 

1610-1, Janv 24. Katherin, the wiffe of M' John Wollstenholme in the chancell. 
March 14. The blackamore gerle from M' Pintoes. 

161 1, July 7. Stephen Gartner househollder brought from the Bullwarke and 

buried here. 
1611, Oct' 6. M'= Alee Bradlie. 
It is doubtful what the Christian name was ; it has been written afresh. 

Nov' 19. Sir will™ Rider diing at Leyton had his funeralle solemnized in our 
church the hearss being 'brought from Glothworkers' hall. 

In 1599 Sir WilHam purchased the Manor of Leyton, which 
formerly belonged to the abbot and convent of Stratford Langhorn, and, 
after the dissolution of religious houses, was granted to Thomas, Lord 
Wriothesley, Lord Chancellor of England. He retained it, however, but 
a single day, conveying it the morrow after the date of his grant to 
Sir Ralph Warren. [Lyson's "Environs," iv, 160, 161, 165. J 

' What is known as the New Churchyard was not consecrated till 1680. 
^To Cheam in Surrey. His monument is engraved in Sandford's "Genealogical History of England," edition 1707. 



1 82 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFE'S HART STREET. 

In i6io, he built the east end of the north aisle of the Parish 
Church of Leyton. On the north wall are two arches with roofs of 
mosaic work. Underneath are two coats of arms nearly obliterated, 
but the impalement of one is visible : gules, a chevron ermine between 
three pelicans — the coat of Stone of Norfolk. Sir William Ryder married 
Elizabeth, wife of Richard Stone, Esq. Underneath is the manor vault. 

The City Companies kept a hearse, a grand funeral canopy and 
a state pall, to be used at the obsequies of their principal members. 

1611-12, Jany 31. Elizabeth y« daughter of Si' Nicholas Stodder buried from 
Mottingame' in Kent in y= north He under Sir Francis Heris pew, that 
rome is full, but closse to y' pwes side under y= stone, rome. 

161 2, Aug. 24. Richard y"= sonn of Sir Henrie Baker buried in y' chancel one y' 
south side under y' fayer stone next to ye tombe of y* Ladie Sidnie. 

1612-13, March 23. A soon of Si' Henrie Baker stilborne buried by his other 
soonn in the chancel. 

Cf. 1616, Nov. 7. A daughter in y'= chancel by y'= tomb. 

1613 14, March 24. Isabel y'' wiff of John Highlord y' elder buried in -f- chancel 
entring into it closs by the reading place. 

1614, May 28. Peter Turner. 

\_See Monuments, p. 80.J 

16 14, Nov. 19. Emanuel Francklin bur. in y*^ chancel under y' communion table 
closs up to y^ commandements. 

With the additional note : — " there is roome for sum small bodie." 
There occur frequently such memoranda as "the grounde is clere," "the 
ground is full." 

1615-6, Feb. 2. Edward Trough servant to y" Earl Northii." 

Northumberland House was near the church of St. Katherine 
Coleman. Northumberland Alley still exists. " Then a lane that leadeth 
down [from Fenchurch Street] by Northumberland House towards the 
Crossed (Crutched) Friars. This Northumberland house in the parish of 
Katherine Colman belonged to Henry Percie, Earl of Northumberland, 
in the 33rd of Henry VI, but of late, being left by the earls, the gardens 
thereof were made into bowling alleys, and other parts into dicing houses, 
common to all comers for their money, there to bowle and hazard ; but 

' Mottingham. ''Northumberland. 



THE BURIAL REGISTER. 183 

now of late so many bowling alleys and other houses for unlawful gaming 
hath been raised in other parts of the city and suburbs, that this their 
ancient and only patron of misrule, is left and forsaken of her gamesters, 
and therefore turned into a number of great rents, small cottages, for 
strangers and others." Stow, p. 56. Owing to the demolition of the- 
East and West India Dock Company's warehouses, the lower part of 
Northumberland Alley has been for some time lying waste. 
1616, Aug. 8. Christopher Jacob Elsmhaymer. 

[See Monuments, page 95.] 

Oct I. M' Paull Bayning somtime Alderman buried in y' chancel in y' vault by 
his Br. 

He was Sheriff in 1593. 

1616-7, Jan. 28. Mark Antonie a negro Christian. 
Feb. 4. The Lady Lumnei carried unto Cheime in Surrie to be buried. 
This was Mary, the second wife of John, Lord Lumley, and 
daughter of John, Lord Darcy. 

161 7-8, Jan. 29. The daughter of S' Rob. Knolls being still born was buried in y^ 
chancel in y^ upp' end of Ba.' 

Also, 1619-20, March 11. Jone daughf to Sir Rob. Knolls. 

1618, April 8. Elizabeth daughf of Sir Rich. Baker.' 

Sep. 25. An Ladie Woolstenholme buried in y^ chancel befor Si' Paul Baynings 
pew. 

1619, April 27. Henrie y= soon of S' Paul Bayning. 
May 7. An Hope, wido, caried to litel All halooes. 

Perhaps the founder of the Monthly Lecture. Her will proved 
1 6 19. [See Benefactions. Appendix.] 

" Litel All halooes" Allhallows the Less in Upper Thames St., also, 
Stow says, " called by some Allhallows on the Cellars, for it standeth on 
Vaults." It was not rebuilt after the Great Fire : the Parish was united 
with Allhallows the Great, or " the More." 

1619-20, Jan. 4. M' John High ord^ aged 89. 

' Perhaps Bayning's pew, cf. entry September 25. 
^ Perhaps related to Sir Henrie B.aker, cf. 1612, August 24. 'Highlord. 



1 84 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

1620-1, Mar. 24. William Hall an Innocent. 
1620, April 9. A soone born at Si' Tho. Savage's Gatte. 
Cf. Bap. Reg. 1619, June 13. 

1622, Nov. 19. John Holoway serv. to Si' Nic. Salter. 
1622-3, I^cb. 18. Susan Ladie to Si' Francis Lee. 

1623, July 24. Francis Brand a poor Garbler' fro Fish'.' 
Dec. 8. Paul mark an Italian keeping an ordina.^ 

1624, Aug. 3. Katharine daugh' of Mr. John Wolstenholm. 

The entries are now in a different hand, very legible, but the letters 
are much smaller. The last entry in this hand is in 1627, September 22. 

1625, April 25. Si' Thomas Glover A Knight. 

A year of great mortality. The burials in June were 22 ; July 65 ; 
August 100; and September 42. [See Plague, p. 194. j 

1627, Nov. 16. Alic wife of Walter Hull. 

Walter Hull was one of the greatest benefactors to the parish. 
\_See Benefactions, Appendix.] 

1628, Dec. 30. Ludolf Vanderwader fro"" tower hill. 
[See Monuments, p. 87. J 

1629, May 8. John Goldsberrie buried in the feeld he poysoned himselfe. 
Cf. 1636, August I. Another suicide buried in the highway. 

1629, May 25. Susanna Daught' of the Lord Vicount Banning, chancel burid. 
Oct. I. Sir Paule Baninge Lord Vicounte Sudberrie was buried, he died the 29 of 

Julie before : 

Sixty-four days intervened between his death and burial. 

Paul Bayning, created Baron Bayning, of Horkesley, Essex, 1627-8, 
February 27, and advanced to the rank of Viscount Bayning, of 
Sudbury, county Suffolk, on March 8th of the same year, died at his 
house in Mark Lane. 

1630, June 30. Zacharie son of Zacharie Highlord. 

1632-3, Janv 2. ffrancis Daughter of Vicont Dorchester and the Ladye Ann his wife. 

Dudley Carlton, Principal Secretary to King Charles I, created 
Lord Carleton, Viscount Dorchester, youngest son of Anthony Carlton, of 
Baldwin, Brightwell, county Oxford, Esquire, was buried in Westminster 
Abbey, 1633, February 19. Both titles died with him. 

' CA Garbage, Refuse. -'Fisher's. 'Ordinary. 



THE BURIAL REGISTER. 185 

His first wife was Anne, daughter and co-heiress of George Garrard, 
Esq., second son of Sir WilHam Garrard, of Dorney, county Bucks, knight, 
by Margaret Dacres. 

His second wife was Anne, daughter of Sir Henry Glemham, knight, 
widow of Paul, first Viscount Bayning, buried at Gosfield, Essex, 1639, 
January 31. Frances, their daughter, was baptized at St. Margaret's, 
Westminster, 1632, June 27. \See Chester's "Notes, Westminster Abbey," 
Registers.] 

1632-3, Jan. 10. Jeffereye Kirbye. 

\_See Monuments, p. 84.] 

Feb. 18. A Crisome manchilde of Mr. Bullocks buryed. 
1633, May 18. Mr. Thomas Billingsleye buried in y"= chancel. 

An old inhabitant. His widow was brought from Isleworth and 
buried here 1640, August 22. 

The second volume is entitled : — 

The booke of all such as have 
bene buryed in y^ parishe of St. 
Olaves in Hartestreete in London 
from y'= lo'*' of Marche 1632. 

The last fourteen entries in Book I are repeated in the second 
volume. A new hand is now evident. The Christian names are in old 
English characters till 1639, February 23. 

The first entry of interest is the following : — 

1633, Aug. 29. tEl;e Heucrenbe pastor ZTlr. 3o^n Simson was interred in y« 
earth y= 30* of Auguste — church. 

\See Rectors, chapter xv.J 

1635, Aug. 17. Jackaminko : a dutch woman. 

Nov. 20. The Lord Viscounte Savage his entralles' was buryed in y*^ chancell. 
Dec. 2. Hugh Ellis y'= grave and antient Sexton was " interred in y*^ earth." — 
ch yarde. 

The Rector, and about three months afterwards the Sexton, 
" interred in y= earth" — not buried in a vault. 

' " Norton, Durham. ' March 22, 1756, buried the heart and bowells of the right honorable James, Earl 
of Wemyes. The remains were buried with his ancestors at Wemys Castle in Scotland the 8lh day of April.' 
Where it was desired to remove the body to a great distance for burial, it was necessary to deprive it of its 
internals, which were generally buried where the individual happened to die." Burn, Parish Registers, p. 98. 

BB 



1 86 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

1636, March 29. Rebecca, wife of Ralph Pirre Radford brought from y= Tower 
Hbertye buryed — ch yarde. 
There are few instances in this period of a person having two 

Christian names. 

1636, June 13. Margaret Dobson servant to Pauledecooke : buryed of the 
plague. 

Aug. I. Edward Prime an almsman of the Drapers [Almshouses] hanged 
himselfe, buryed in the highway. 
1636-7, March 14. Pauledecooke a dutch man. 

1637, Aug. 25. A male child stilborne of Christopher and Bethaia' Walls. 

The following entry is in Old English, suggesting that the person 

was of note : — 

1637, Sep. 2 3. Margarett y'' wife of M' George Pike was interred in the earth. — Chancell. 
1637-8, Feb. I. The Lady Ann ffowler wife to S' Edward ffowler dyed in this 

parish and was buryed att Islington. — in y*^ side He. 

The Lady Ann Fowler, nde Bowes, was mar. 1606, Feb^- 10, at 
Islington, to Sir Edmund Fowler [not Edward, as in our Reg. J, son of 
Sir Thomas Fowler, of Barnsbury, Islington, by Jane, only daughter of 
Gregory Charlet, Citizen and Tallow Chandler, of London. Sir Edmund 
Fowler was knighted 1603, and died 1625. \_See "Herald and Genea- 
logist," vii, 559.] 

March 10. M' James Savage sonne to y'^ Lady Savage buryed. — Chancell. 

1638, Oct. 10. William : sonne of S' Jo" Wolstenholme Junior. 



. , , T , . , • r , • , r, , ^ I Chancell there. 

And the Lady Ann his wife buried att Stanmoore 1639, Dec. 10. ) 

1638, Dec. 7. Ann Beadle an almesvvoman stab'' her selfe. Buried att milend. 

No doubt an inmate of the Drapers' Almshouses, buried at Bancroft's 
Hospital. 

1638-9, Feb. 15, John Ravenscroft; 1639, May 14, John Streete ; May 26, Joane 
Tomkins ; in every case " servante to y^ Lady Savage." 

Lady Savage, the widow of the Lord Viscount Savage. Sec Burial 
Reg. 1635, Nov. 20. 

1639-40. The first three entries in this year are of Darbe — ; 
Ellenor — & Joyce — . 

1639, Dec. 10. 5r. 3o[)it Wostenholme buried att Stanmoore — chancell. 
1639-40, Jan. 18. Job sonne of S' Job Harvie buried att S' Dunstanes — chancell. 

March 6. A new registrar. Old English discontinued, 

' liethia, 



THE BURIAL REGISTER. 187 

1639, Mar. 23. Katherine wife of Andrew Riccard Buried — church. 

1640, May 28. Susan y= wife of Mr. John Highlord Buryed — chancell. 

July 22. WilUam Westerne Buryed att Mercers Chappell. 

Aug. 6. M'^ Ann Plarrison y« wife of M' Jo" Harrison buryed att Harford — 
chancell. 

Lady Fanshawe in her Memoirs, p. 26, etc., records the death of her 
" ever honoured and most dear mother, who departed this life on the 20th day 
of July, 1640, and now lies in Hallowes Church in Hertford. Her funeral 
cost my father above a thousand pounds. Dr. Howlsworth preached her 
funeral sermon." Then follows a curious incident which he related 
of her being in a trance and awaking with the words — two kinswomen 
standing by, my Lady Knollys, and my Lady Russell — ' Did not you 
promise me fifteen years, and are you come again?' Dr. Howlsworth 
did affirm, that that day she died made just fifteen years from the time 
of the trance. 

1640, Dec. 30. The Ladye Dun buried in the cuntrye — chancell. 

1641, Oct. 22. Elizabeth Daughter of M' Andrewe Riccarde — church. 
The two following are in a bolder hand : — 

1641-2, Jan. 5. M' Richard Thornburye Buried — church. 
Probably related to William Thornbury, a benefactor to the Parish. 

Jan. 13. M' John Highlord, Aid: Buried — chancelle. 

1643, Nov. 14. M' Thomas Bewleye Marchante carried fro : hence into y' Cuntrye 
Buryed — chancelle. 

Probably related to Thomas Bewley, of Hall Place, in Kent, who 
as " a loving Husband and Father," erected a Monument in Allhallows 
Staining (now in St. Olave's), as a Memorial of " Mistris Mary Bewley and 
that hopefull young Gentleman Thomas Eewley their only son," who died ; 
the son, 1658, December 9 ; and the mother, 1658-9, February i. 

1644-5, J^"- 2^- EHzabeth Huddey : a poore plundered widdowe fro. Bristoll 

Buried — ch: yarde. 
March 17. Mrs. Margaret Kirbye Brought from Allgate parish buryed — chancell. 

This was probably the widow of Jefferie Kerby, who died 1632, 
December 26, and was buried in the chancell. \_See Monuments, p. 84.] 

,BB 2 



1 88 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE^S HART STREET. 

The next is full of pathos. 

1647, Nov. 16. John HoLilmes a porter Buried who died suddenlie under his burden. 
" God grant wee y' survive may take warninge." 

1649-50, Jan. 7. Robert Ranebowe who was slaine by y' fatall not to be forgott 
fatall blowe of gunpowder in tower street. 

Strype's Stow (1754), vol. i, 377, thus relates this terrible accident :^ — ■ 

" Over-against the Wall of Barking Church-yard a sad and lamentable accident hap- 
pened by Gun-powder, in this manner: one of the houses in this place was a 
ship-chandler's who upon the 4th of January, i649-[5o], about seven of the 
Clock at night, being busy in his shop about barrelling up of gun-powder, it 
took fire, blew up not only that, but all the houses thereabouts, to the 
number towards the street and in back alleys of fifty or sixty. The number 
of persons destroyed by this blow could never be known for the next house 
but one was the Hose Tavern, a house never, at that time of night, but full 
of company ; and that day the parish dinner was in that house, and in 3 or 
4 days after digging, they continually found, heads, arms, legs & half bodies 
miserably torn and scorched, besides many whole bodies, not so much as 
their cloaths singed. In the course of this accident I will instance in two, 
one a dead, the other a living monument : In the digging, as I said before, 
they found the mistress of the house of the Hose Tavern, sitting in her bar, 
and one of the drawers standing by the bar's side, with a pot in his hand, 
only stifled with dust and smoke, their bodies being preserved whole, by 
means of great timbers falling cross one upon another ; this is one. Another 
is this, the next morning there was found upon the upper leads of Barking 
Church, a young child lying in a cradle, as newly laid in bed, neither the 
child nor cradle having the least sign of any fire, or other hurt; it was 
never known whose child it was, so that one of the Parish kept it for 
a memorial ; for in the year 1666, I saw the child, grown to be then 
a proper maiden." 

Colonel Chester quotes a case quite as wonderful — See "West- 
minster Abbey," Bur. Reg., 1672-3, Jan. 11. The Lady Hatton and her 
daughter. 

1650, March 29. M' Abraham Hane [Hayne] y^ Reverend Pasto' was interred— 
chancell. 
[See Rectors, chapter xv.J 

1652, April 22. Marie : wife of Mr. John Bewley marchant carried from hence to 
S' Nicholas Lane buried — church. 

Cf. Entry 1643, November 14. 



THE BURIAL REGISTER. 189 

1652, July 9. " Margaret da." 26''' " John so : " and 1653, Oct. 25 " John sonne " 
— of John & Margarett Amhurst, brought fro St. Joanes, and 1659 Aug. 18 
Margarett: wife of M' John Amhurst brought out of ye cuntrye and buried 
— chancell. 

1652, Aug. 26. Docto' Richard Gibbons. 

1654, Nov. 20. M' John : Spigurnell": Buried at his pewe doore under y'' west 
gallerye.' 

Aug: 19. 21 ffemale child stilborne of William and Sarah Caves fro"" 
gr Jqd Wolstenholmes house now the Commissioners for the Navye. 

Dec. I 2. Aldm" Richard Crandley^ — chancell. 

16155-6, Feb. 13. Richard Hinchma^ once scoutmaste' Gen'all — ch. yard. 

1656, Nov. 4. M' John ffrost Batchlor of Divinitye the much Lamented pastor 
and good Shepheard of this Parish was decently interred — chancell. 

\See Rectors, chapter xv.J 

1658, April 18. Richard Simmons att y^ Mumhowse in Mark Lane. 

Oct. 22. Bartholomew Goodman brought fro Katherine Collmans Buried w''' 
a knell ; with y" great bell and Duble Dutye — ch : yard. 

1659, Dec. 14. widdowe Hanes wife of Abraham Hanes, Rector,'' from Savage House. 

1660, May 17. Marie: daughter of M' Richard Holworthye Marchant & Marie 

his wife — chancell. 

1661, Sep. 17. M''' Susane Jordane gent was brought from Westminster & Buried 

att the south side of the Communion Table in the chancell by her deceased 
ffather M' Jo" Robinson cheife searcher for the king's customes. 

Oct. 18. A poore countryma y' dyed suddenly in savage yard (whose name wee 
know not) was buried in the new= church yard. 

1661-2, Jan. 13. The Lady Elizabeth Bodfeilde from M' John Blands — iny^newvalte. 

1663, Sep. II. Liddia y^ wife of John Hawes Chirargio sonne in Law to 
M' Griffine brought fro Reddriffe — Buried vault. 

1664, Aug. 3. M' George Penn was buryed in y* chancell. 

A wealthy merchant at San Lucar, the port of Seville ; was seized 
as a heretic by the Holy Office and twice put to the rack. His property, 
;^ 1 2,000, was confiscated, and he was banished from Spain. Sir W. Penn, 
often mentioned in Pepys's Diary, was his younger brother. Pepys, on 
August 2nd, alludes to the burial of George Penn under the Communion 
table. See note by Mynors Bright. The dates differ. Admiral Sir William 
Penn was the father of the founder of Pennsylvania. 

1664, Sep. 17. An abortive of M' Rowland & M" Ann Ingram. 
1664-5, Jan- 13- M'' Mary Durke y^ wife of M' Thomas Durke was buryed in 
y^ new vault. 
' Probably Churchwarden, 1644. ^This appears to be the earliest mention of this gallery. 

^ Hinckman. ' Late Rector. 5«£ chapter xv. ' Not consecrated till 1680. 



I90 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

1664-5, J^"- IS- Mary daught' of Lawrence ffarr deceased & Mary his wife was 

buryed ffrom M' Smalyes in Horshooe Ally. 
March 7. M'John Key a Scotchman brought ffrom Alhaloways Staynings ^ish 

and buryed in y'= chauncell. 
P; 1665, July 24. Mary daughter of William Ramsey on [one] of the Draps 

[Drapers'] Almesmen and ye first reported to Dye of ye plague in this pish 

since this visitason and was buried in the new ch. yard. 

[See " The Plague," chapter xii. This was the first fatal case of the 
Plague in St. Olave's in 1665. Cf. Pepys's Diary, July 26th, quoted p. 201.] 

Aug. 2. John sonn of George & Jane Warrington servant to S' John Minns. 

Aug. 14. Katherine the wife of Edward South was buryed in y^ church yard 
spotted ffeaver. 

1667, May 10. Basill ffeilding slayne by his Brother buryed in the Churchyard 

May 9"> 1667. 

Pepys's Diary, 1667, May 9. "In our Street at the Three Tuns 

Tavern, I find a great hubbub : and what was it but two brothers had 

fallen out and one killed the other. And who should they be but the 

two Fieldings; one whereof, Bazill, was page to my Lady Sandwich; 

and hath killed the other, himself being very drunk, and so was sent to 

Newgate." "It was Basil who was killed. They were sons of George 

Fielding, Earl of Desmond, and uncles of the father of Henry Fielding 

the novelist." — H. B. Wheatley. 

July 6. M' Samuel Slaughter minister was buryed in vault from y= Wid Slaughter. 

Oct. 12. S': W"": Batten: Buryed at Walthamstowe in y= County of Essex: in y' 
side chauncell. 

A still borne male child from Alderman Davisons in y'= middle isle in y' church. 

Dec' I. Daniell sonn of M' Daniell Milles Recto' of this Parish & M'' Mary his 
wife in y* Chauncell. 

1668, April 14. M" Hamond from S' John Minns In the Navy Office. 

Buryed at Sandwich in Com. Kente. 
May 2. Elizabeth Da' of M' Thomas Worstenholme & M" Eliz : his wife was buried 

at Southgate Chappell in y' County of Middlesex. 
1668-9, Jan'' S- The Lady Mary Maynard Buryed at St Helens in y" Chauncell 

ffrom M' W" Haringtons. 

1669, Nov. 13. Elizabeth wife of Samuell Pepys Esq'., one of his Ma''" Comishon's 

of ye Navy obit Novemb. & buryed in ye Chaunsell xiii Instant. \_See p. 88]. 
1669-70, Jan. 5. Edm<* Trench Doct' of Phisick buryed at Alhall Stainings in y= 
sou'' Isle in y= church. 



THE BURIAL REGISTER. 191 

1670, Aug. 30. The Lady Eliz Caesar buryed at Bedingfield in y= County of Herts. 
She was the daughter and sole heiress of Robert Angell, a Turkey 

merchant, and wife of Sir Henry Caesar, Knt, M.P. for Herts (Sir Henry 
Caesar Adelmare), and mother of Jane, Lady Pope-Blount. \See Mar. 
Reg. 1669, July 2 2. J 

Dec. 2r. The wid Skye from S' Richard ffoords buryed in y'= old vault. 
Sir Richard Ford, Sheriff, 1663; Lord Mayor, 1670; often 
mentioned by Pepys. 

1670-1, Feb. 27. Sir John Menns. 
\See Monuments, p. 81. J 

1671, Aug. 18. M''' Mary Milles y^ wife of M' Dannill Milles y' Rector of this 

^ish was buryed in y' chauncel. 
1671-2, Feb. 16. M' Joseph Smith Judge Advocate of his Ma''" Navey buryed in 
y= old vault. 

1672, Sep. 17. S' Andrew Riccard. 
\See Monuments, p. 97.] 

1673, June 20. Abigail Da' of Josiah Clearke D' of phissick & M''' Abigail his 

wife was buryed in y'= old vault. 

Cf. 1680, Nov. 20. M''' Ann Clearke from Doc' Clearks in Marke Lane. 

1673, Aug. 4. Elizabeth Dearsmore from M' Glovers in y'= new church yard at 
Bun hill.' 

Bunhill Fields Burial Ground, enclosed for the burial of such 

as died of the Plague 1665; since then "the campo santo of the Dissenters." 

See Southey's life of John Bunyan. Cf. entry 1680, Sep. 22, Nathaniell 

sonn of M' Nicholas Moore, D'''' of phiss'' & M" Mary his wife was b. in 

y'= new church yard on Bun Hill. 

Oct. 2. The Lady Ann Smith y^ wife of S' Jeremy Smith was buryed in y'= 
chauncell. 

1676-7, March 15. John Pepys Esq' ffrom St. Donstons in y^ East was buryed in 
y^ chancell. 

Elected Clerk to the Trinity House, 1670, March 30. In the August 
of the same year the Court assembled for the first time at their new house, 
in Water Lane. He retained his appointment till his death. He owed the 

I Bone-hill. 



192 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

Trinity House ^300 at the time of his death, a debt which was paid by his 

brother Samuel. 

March 16. Dame Ann Deane y'= wife of S' Anthony Deane was buryed in y' 
chauncell. 

March 16. Mary Daught' of S' Anthony Deane was buryed in y' same coffin w'*" 
y' Lady Deane. 

1677, March 31. Anthony Deane Esq"= Son of S' Anthony Deane was buried in y' 
chauncell. 

1677, July 31. ffraunces ffaireborne Da' of Sir Palmes ffaireborne was buried in 

y« South Isle in y'= church from Mr. John Bowles. 

See Monuments, p 125. 

1677-8, March 20. Doctor John Lowen was buryed in the new Vault ffrom 
Doct' Comons. 

1678, June 19. Elizabeth Crittall servant to S' Denny Ashburnham. 

June 27. A Chrisome Child of Cap. Richard Goodlad & Mrs. Sarah his wife 
was buryed in y' new vault. 

Aug. 16. Henry Satchwell buryed in y= new vault. 
This is added:, "And the first in this pish since y^ Acte for buring 
in woollen." 

1679-80, Jan. 16. Elizabeth Da' of policarpus & Elizabeth Dawkins in y= 
churchyard. 

1 68 1, May 6. Mrs. Marget Harman y*^ Da of y= Lady "Harman was buryed at 

S' Mary Magdalene Bermondsey in y'= church. 

Dec. 13. Mr. Jno. Butler D'" of phisick was buryed at St. Catherine Coleman. 

1682, Dec' 7. William Sonn of Sir Rob' Knightley & Dame Mary his wife was 

buryed in y' new vault. 

1683, March 30. Danniell Milles was buryed in y'= North Isle in y^ church. 

Another son of the Rector, of the same name, had been buried, 1667, 
December i, in the chancel. 

May 14. Thomas Waite a Servant of S' Jno Leithullieurc was buryed in y= north 
side chaunsell. 

1683-4, Jan. 4. The Lady Mary Knightley wife of S' Robert Knightley Knigh< was 
buryed in y'^ new vault. 

1689, Nov. I. D' Dan' Milles y'-' Reverend Incumbent of this parish was buryed 
in y' chaunsell. 



THE BURIAL REGISTER. 193 

1696, Sep. 27. M*^ Rose Vear Daughter to Comi' Pett Buried in y"= chansell vault. 

1697, Ap' 29. Ann Clarke Daughter of M' Clarke, Minister, Buried att Bunhill. 
Probably a nonconformist. 

1698, July 25. M" Eliz'h Gore buried in y Middle Chansell. 

1698-9, Mar. I. S' Rob' Knightley buried in y= Vault under y^ Vestry. 

1703, June 4. Samuel Peyps Esq. buried in a Vault by y^ comunion table. 

" Yesterday in the evening were performed the obsequies of Samuel Pepys Esq. in 
Crutched Friars Church, whither his corpse was brought in a very honorable 
& solemn manner from Clapham, where he departed this life the 26th day 
of the last month." — Post Boy, June 5, 1703. 

1729-30, Jan. 13. Charles Savage in the Vault in y^ Chancel. 

1745, Oct. 23. Ellen Savage in the Chancel vault. 

1754, March 8. Elizabeth Boulter relict of his Grace D' Hugh Boulter Lord 
Archbishop of Armagh died Feb 28* in the North Cross. 

Eldest daughter of Charles Savage, of St. Olave's, Hart Street, 
London, merchant (buried there 1730, January 13), by Ellen his wife, also 
buried there 23 October, 1745. She was married, at St. Peter-le-Poor, 
London, 12 November, 17 19, to Rev. Hugh Boulter, D.D., then Dean of 
Christ Church, three days later consecrated Bishop of Bristol, and enthroned 
Archbishop of Armagh 18 November, 1724. See his burial 12 November, 
1742, where the foot-note says "he was son of John Boulter, of St. 
Katherine Cree, by Rebecca his wife . . born 4 Jan. 167 1-2 . 
translated from thence (sc. Archbishopric of Armagh) to heaven 27 Sep. 
1742." His will was proved {see his monument) by Charles Savage, Esq., 
his wife's brother. Her monument gives her age as sixty. Her will was 
proved by her brothers Charles and Samuel Savage. She left no issue. 
(See Chester's " Notes, Westminster Abbey," Bur. Reg.) 




cc 



THE PLAGUE 



CHAPTER XII. 

The Three Great Plagues of 1349, 1361 and Ijdg, specified in the Lansdowne MSS. The 
Plagues of 140"/ and 1517. Prior to 166^, the Burial Register of St. Olave's supplies 
evidence of five visitations of the Plague, viz., in 1563, 157^, 1593) ^^03 and 1625. 
The Plague of 1665-6. The first fatal case in St. Olave's parish, July 24th, Mary 
Ramsey. Pepys''s account of the Plague, passages from his Diary, April 30th, 1665, to 
March 1st, 1666. 




LTHOUGH the year 1665 is usually termed the year of the 
plague, London had been frequently subjected to the ravages 
of this terrible visitation. The following dates of the three 
great plagues are given in the "Lansdowne MSS.," No. 863, 
fol. 147 b., as stated to have been found " out of ancient records." 

Pestilencia prima et magna, 23 Edward III, 1349, May 31^' to Sepf 29* 
Pestilencia secunda, 35 & 36 Edward III, 1361, Aug' 15''' to May 3"" 1362. 
Pestilencia tertia, 43 Edward III, 1369, July 2"'' to Sept ag'*" 

In 1407 half the population of London is said to have been 
destroyed, and more than half in 15 17. Our own Registers show that the 
parish of St. Olave Hart Street was seldom wholly free from this scourge 
for the century previous to 1665, and they record five' distinct visitations, 
viz., in 1563, 1578, 1593, 1603, and 1625. The plague of 1665 is reputed 
to have been the twelfth, and, so far, is happily the last which has visited the 
City of London. 

I. The year 1563, the first of the series, was a year of great 
mortality. In our parish forty-nine persons were buried in September, and 

' In 1637, from June 13 to Nov. 23, twenty-three persons died in St. Olave's of the plague. 



THE PLAGUE. 19S 

forty-three in October — ninety-two in two months. Stow relates that in the 
one hundred and eight parishes of London and its liberties, there died of 
the pestilence in this year 20,136, besides 3,000 dying of other diseases. 

In London, a blue cross painted on canvas, was ordered to be 
affixed to the door of every infected house ; every housekeeper was to 
make bonfires, three days a week, in his street ; and no one in whose 
house the plague had been was to go to church for one month after. 
As dogs were supposed to carry infection, in 1563, "the iiij day of August 
was a-nodur proclamassyon [from] my lord mare that ther ys on [one] 
man hyred [to kill] doges as many as he cane fynd in the stretts, and 
has a fee for loke [looking] every day and nyght." This extract is from 
the diary of Henry Machyn, and as his diary breaks off here, it is con- 
jectured that Machyn himself fell a victim to the plague. 

Dr. W. Sparrow Simpson relates, that in the library of St. Paul's 
Cathedral, is preserved a copy of a form of prayer, issued in the July of 
this year, for use during the pestilence. 

2. In 1578 there was another outbreak of the plague. Our 
Registers record the burial of fifteen persons in the month of September, 
twelve of whom died of this malady, and the following entry occurs on the 
5th November: "Was b. [buried] M' John Hodgesonne woolewynder 
late churchwarden of The p' [plague] who died before he had given up 
his accounts." 

1582 was not a plague year, still we have this entry : " Oct. 27. M' 
Peter Capony gent, of the pla." — -a person of some note in his day if we 
may judge by the imposing monument erected to his memory at the east 
end of the north aisle. 

3. The third visitation occurred in 1593. In our Register there is 
the significant entry: "Aug. 19 Charles Hardwicke the sonne of James 
Hardwicke was buried at the new churchyarde p' " in the margin, 
and " William Beardmore ) buried w"" him , „ 

Laurence Richardson ) in one pit " " 

cc 2 



196 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

and the following shows how sadly one household suffered in this visitation 
— a son, a daughter, and three men servants : — 

1593, Dec. 30. Buried Samuel Mitchell, Everslayes man. 
1593-4, Jan. 17. Alice the daughter of W"" Eversley silkewevr. 

„ 19. Willyam Mytchell, W"" Everslayes man p. 

„ „ Richarde Smith, Everslaies man p. 

„ 31. Roberte the Sonne of Willyham Eversleye. 

Stow records that " this yeere also no Bartholomew faire was kept at 
London, for the avoyding of concourse of people, whereby the infection of 
the rest might have increased, which was then verie hot in that citie ; so 
that on the three and twentieth of October deceased Sir William Roe, then 
Lord Maior." 

10,675 are said to have died of the plague in this year. 

4. In 1603-4, the first year of the reign of James L 30,578 persons 
perished in London alone of the plague. In our parishes the mortality was 
fearful among children and young persons. In St. Olave's no less than one 
hundred and seven burials are recorded between March 25, 1603, and 
January 30, 1604 — eight indeed on one day, August i8th. 

In Allhallows' Staining the Churchwardens' Accounts for a year 
1603-4 show that fees were received for one hundred and twenty-six 
burials. 

5. But the next plague year, 1625, was still more fatal. Nearly 
35,000 are said to have perished in London alone ; and of these fifty-four 
of the clergy. Strype says that this was nearly one-half of the total 
number of the London parochial clergy — a proof that fear of infection did 
not, as some have laid to their charge, make them desert their flocks. 
Through fear of infection, the first parliament of Charles I was adjourned 
to Oxford. In Allhallows', Barking, three hundred and ninety-four died, 
i.e., six times the average mortality. In our parish there were twenty-two 
burials in June, sixty-five in July, one hundred in August, and forty-two in 
September — two hundred and twenty-nine in four months — and though the 
cause of death is not recorded, it scarcely admits of doubt that a large 
number fell victims to the plague. 



THE PLAGUE. 197 

6. In 1665, however, was the most memorable outbreak of the 
plague. The number of victims in London is variously reckoned ; some 
say 68,590, and others no less than 100,000. The Rev. Thomas Vincent, 
who witnessed many of the most appalling occurrences of the plague, 
alluding to the month of September, in a tract entitled " God's terrible 
Voice in the City," says : — " Of the one hundred and thirty parishes in and 
about the City, there were but four parishes which were not infected, and 
in those few people remaining that were not gone into the country." In the 
adjoining parishes of "Allhallows, Barking, and St. Dunstan, the mortality 
was fearful. In the former parish three hundred and thirty-three were 
buried, five times the average mortality. In the latter parish, "nine persons 
of one family, of the name of Flud, were buried in one month." 

On St. Olave's the blow fell not less heavily. The letter " p " in 
the margin denotes that the person buried died of the plague, and from 
July 24 to December 24 following, there were one hundred and sixty 
burials with this terribly significant prefix to the entry. How it swept 
away one after another of a family till there were few left, may be inferred 
from the fact that in fifteen days, i.e., September loth to the 25th, six were 
buried from one house. In eleven days the four sons and one daughter of 
Edmund Poole perished, and only four days afterwards, the father, Edmund 
Poole, followed them. 

The following is the first entry in which the sadly suggestive "p" 
occurs : — 

g; 1665, July 24. Mary Daughter of William Ramsey on [one] of the Drap^ 
[Drapers'] Almesmen and y^ first reported to Dye of y'= plague in this gish 
since this visitason and was buried in the new ch. yard 

August, September and October were the most fatal months in 
London. On September 7, 1665, John Evelyn in his Diary wrote: — ■ 
" I went all along the city and suburbs, from Kent Street to St. James's, 
a dismal passage, and dangerous to see so many coffins exposed in the 
streets, now thin of people, the shops shut up, and all in mournful silence, 
as not knowing whose turn it might be next, there perishing nearly 
10,000 poor creatures weekly." He closed his Diary for the year with 



igS THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFE'S HART STREET. 

these befitting words of thankfulness to the Almighty at his own preser- 
vation from such an imminent danger: "December 31st. Now, blessed 
be God for His extraordinary mercies and preservation of me this year, 
when thousands and ten thousands perished, and were swept away on each 
side of me ; there dying in our parish [Deptford] this year 406 of the 
pestilence." On February 6th, 1666, Evelyn writes of "the contagion now 
almost universally ceasing"; but on April 15th, a change for the worse is 
recorded. " Our parish was now more infected with the plague than ever, 
and so was all the country about \i.e., about Sayes Court, Deptford], though 
almost quite ceased at London." 

The fullest account from the pen of an eye-witness we possess of the 
plague of 1665-6, is contained in numerous passages in the Diary of 
Samuel Pepys. His first allusion to the plague is found under the date 
30th April, 1665, and for the succeeding ten months till ist March, 1666, 
the Diary is strewn with many passages in which Pepys recounts what he 
has seen or heard ; his hopes and fears. By the end of 1665 the plague 
in London had greatly abated, but it continued on a very reduced scale 
to linger through the spring and summer of 1666, until the Great Fire' of 
September burnt out the dregs of the plague, and thoroughly freed the City 
from pestilence. 

With regard to the movements of Pepys during the plague period ; 
on 19th August, 1665, letters arrived from the King, ordering the business 
of the Navy office to be transferred to Greenwich. Pepys continued to 
reside in Seething Lane till the 28th August, and then removed to Wool- 
wich, and for the space of a little over three months, that is till 7th January, 
1666, he resided in the neighbourhood of London, sometimes at Woolwich, 
sometimes at Greenwich [see p. 212, 31st December, 1665), visiting London 
frequently, as the Diary tells us. 

As Pepys's account of the plague is interspersed among many other 
matters, and I have never seen this account presented as a connected whole, 
I have attempted to give a complete picture of the plague as drawn by the 
Diarist. The narrative abounds in allusions to the church and parish, the 
rector and some of the principal parishioners, and therefore, though lengthy, 
has a legitimate place in the Annals of St. Olave's Hart Street. 



THE PLAGUE. 199 

PEPYS'S ACCOUNT' OF THE PLAGUE. 

1665. April 30th (Lord's day). Great fears of the sicknesse here in 
the City, it being said that two or three houses are already shut up. God 
preserve us all ! 

May 24th. To the Coffee House, where all the newes is of the Dutch 
being gone out, and of the plague growing upon us in this town ; and of 
remedies against it : some saying one thing, some another. 

June 7th. It being the hottest day that ever I felt in my life, and it is 
confessed so by all other people the hottest they ever knew in England 
in the beginning of June. This day, much against my will, I did in Drury 
Lane see two or three houses marked with a red cross upon the doors, and 
Lord have mercy upon zis writ there ; which was a sad sight to me, being 
the first of the kind that to my remembrance, I ever saw. It put me into an 
ill conception of myself and my smell, so that I was forced to buy some roll- 
tobacco to smell to and chaw, which took away the apprehension. 

June loth. In the evening home to supper ; and there to my great 
trouble hear that the plague is come into the city (though it hath these three 
or four weeks since its beginning been wholly out of the city) but where 
should it begin but in my good friend and neighbour's Dr. Burnett in 
Fanchurch [Fenchurch] Street : which in both points troubles me mightily. 
To bed, being troubled at the sicknesse, and my head filled also with other 
business enough, and particularly how to put my things and estate in order 
in case it should please God to call me away, which God dispose of to 
his glory. 

June I ith (Lord's day). I out of doors a little to show forsooth my 
new suit, and in going I saw poor Dr. Burnett's door shut ; but he hath, I 
hear, gained great goodwill among his neighbours ; for he discovered it 
himself first, and caused himself to be shut up of his own accord : which was 
very handsome. 

June 15th. At the office all day. The towne grows very sickly and 
people to be afeard of it ; there dying this last week of the plague 1 1 2, from 
43 the week before whereof but one in Fanchurch Streete and one in Broad 
Streete by the Treasurer's office. 

' This account is taken from the Rev. Mynors Bright's edition of the Diary, 



200 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

June 17th. It struck me very deep this afternoon going with a 
hackney coach from my Lord Treasurer's down Holborne, the coachman I 
found to drive easily and easily, at last stood still and came down hardly able 
to stand, and told me that he was suddenly struck very sicke, and almost 
blind, he could not see ; so I 'light and went into another coach, with a sad 
heart for the poor man and trouble for myself, lest he should have been 
struck with the plague, being at the end of the towne that I took him up ; 
but God have mercy upon us all ! 

June 20th. This day I informed myself that there died four or five at 
Westminster of the plague in one alley in several houses upon Sunday last, 
Bell Alley, over against the Palace Gate : yet people do think that the 
number will be fewer in the towne than it was the last weeke. 

June 26th. The plague increases mightily, I this day seeing a house, 
at a bitt-maker's over against St. Clement's Church, in the open street, shut 
up ; which is a sad sight. 

June 28th. In my way to Westminster Hall, I observed several 
plague houses in King's Street and near the Palace. I was fearful of going 
to any house but I did to the Swan, and thence to White Hall, giving the 
waterman a shilling, because a young fellow and belonging to the Plymouth. 

June 29th. By water to White Hall where the Court full of waggons 
and people ready to go out of towne. This end of the towne every day 
grows very bad of the plague. The Mortality Bill is come to 267; which is 
about 90 more than the last : and of these but four in the City, which is a 
great blessing to us. 

July ist. To the Duke of Albemarle's [St. James's Park]. Thence 
to Westminster where I hear the sickness encreases greatly. Sad at the 
newes that seven or eight houses in Bazing Hall street [Basinghall] are 
shut up of the plague. 

July 5th. In the afternoon I abroad to St. James's. From thence 
walked round to White Hall, the Parke being quite locked up ; and I 
observed a house shut up this day in the Pell Mell, where heretofore in 
Cromwell's time we young men used to keep our weekly clubs. 



THE PLAGUE. io\ 

July 6th. And to see my Lord Brouncker " who is not well. I could 
not see him nor had much mind, one of the great houses within two doors 
of him being shut up : and Lord ! the number of houses visited, which this 
day I observed through the town quite round in my way by Long Lane and 
London Wall. 

July 1 2th. It being a solemn fast-day for the plague growing 
upon us. 

July 13th. Above 700 died of the plague this week. 

July 1 8th. I was much troubled this day to hear at Westminster 
how the officers do bury the dead in the open Tuttle^ Fields, pretending 
want of room elsewhere ; whereas the new chapell churchyard was walled- 
in at the publick charge in the last plague time, merely for want of room, 
and now none, but such as are able to pay dear for it, can be buried there. 

July 20th. Walked [from Deptford] to Redriffe, where I hear the 
sickness is, and indeed is scattered almost everywhere, there dying 1,089 of 
the plague this week. My Lady Carteret did this day give me a bottle 
of plague-water home with me. Lord ! to see how the plague spreads. 
It being now all over King's Streete, at the Axe, and next door to it, and in 
other places. 

July 2 1st. Late at my chamber setting some papers in order; the 
plague growing very raging, and my apprehensions of it great. 

July 22nd. I met this noon with Dr. Burnett who told me, and 
I find in the news-book this week that he posted upon the 'Change, that 
whoever did spread the report that, instead of dying of the plague, his 
servant was by him killed, it was forgery, and showed me [in proof] the 
acknowledgment of the master of the pest-house. 

July 26th. To Greenwich to the Park . . . and back again with 
[the King] in the barge hearing him and the Duke [of York] talk and 
seeing and observing their manner of discourse. And God forgive me ! 
though I admire them with all the duty possible, yet the more a man 
considers and observes them, the less he finds of difference between them 

' Joint Comptroller of the Navy with Sir W. Pen. See chapter xiii, p. 235. 
^ Tuttle or Tothill, i.e., the Beacon Field. 

DD 



202 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

and other men, though (blessed be God!) they are both princes of great 
nobleness and spirits . . . Thence mighty full of the honour of this 
day took coach and to Joyce's and spoke with Anthony . . . After a 
little other discourse and the sad news of the death of so many in the parish 
of the plague, forty last night, the bell always going, I back to the 
Exchange ... I home to set my Journall for these four days in order, 
they being four days of as great content and honour and pleasure to me as 
ever I hope to wish or desire, or think anybody else can wish. This day 
poor Robin Shaw at Backewell's died, and Backewell himself now in 
Flanders. The King himself asked about Shaw, and being told he was 
dead, said he was very sorry for it. The sickness is got into our parish 
[St. Olave's Hart Street. See Bur. Reg., July 24th, p. 190] this week, 
and is got indeed everywhere ; so that I begin to think of setting things in 
order, which I pray God enable me to put both as to soul and body. 

July 27th. At home, met the weekly Bill, where above 1,000 
encreased in the Bill, and of them in all about 1,700 of the Plague which 
hath made the officers this day resolve of sitting at Deptford, which puts me 
to some consideration what to do. 

July 30th (Lord's Day). Up, and in my night gowne, cap and neck- 
cloth, undressed all day long, lost not a minute, but in my chamber setting 
my Tangier accounts to right. The Lord be praised for it ! Will [Hewer] 
was with me to-day, and is very well again. It was a sad noise to hear our 
bell to toll and ring so often to-day, either for deaths or burials ; I think 
five or six times. 

August 2nd. Up, it being a publique fast, as being the first 
Wednesday of the month, for the plague ; I within doors all day, and upon 
my monthly accounts late, and there to my great joy settled almost all my 
private matters of money in my books clearly, and I did find myself really 
worth ^1,900, for which the great God of Heaven and Earth be praised ! 

August 3rd. To the ferry [Deptford], where I was forced to stay a 
great while before I could get my horse brought over, and then mounted 
and rode very finely to Dagenhams ; all the way people, citizens, walking to 
and again to enquire how the plague is in the City this week by the Bill ; 



THE PLAGUE. 203 

which by chance at Greenwich I had heard was 2,020 of the plague, and 
3,000 and odd of all diseases ; but methought it was a sad question to be so 

often asked me Mr. Marr very kindly staying to lead me the 

way [from Dagenham to Gravesend]. Mr. Marr telling me by the way 
how a mayde servant of Mr. John Wright's (who lives thereabouts) falling 
sick of the plague, she was removed to an outhouse, and a nurse appointed 
to look to her ; who being once absent, the mayde got out of the house at 
the window and ran away. The nurse coming and knocking, and having 
no answer, believed she was dead, and went and told Mr. Wright so ; who 
and his lady were in great strait what to do to get her buried. At last 
resolved to go to Burntwood hard by, being in the parish, and there get 
people to do it. But they would not ; so he went home full of trouble, and 
in the way met the wench walking over the common which frighted him 
worse than before ; and was forced to send people to take her, which he did ; 
and they got one of the pest coaches and put her into it to carry her to a 
pest house. 

August 8th. To my office a little, and then to the Duke of 
Albemarle's [St. James's Park] about some business. The streets mighty 
empty all the way, now even in London, which is a sad sight. And to 
Westminster Hall where talking, hearing very sad stories from Mrs. 
Mumford ; among others of Mr. Michell's son's family. And poor Will 
that used to sell us ale at the Hall-door, his wife and three children died, all, 
I think, in a day. So home through the City again, wishing I may have 
taken no ill in going ; but I will go, I think, no more thither. 

August loth. By and by to the office where we sat all the morning ; 
in great trouble to see the Bill this week rise so high, to above 4,000 in all, 

and of them above 3,000 of the plague Home, to draw over 

anew my will, which I had bound myself by oath to dispatch by to-morrow 
night ; the town growing so unhealthy that a man cannot depend upon 
living two days. 

August 1 2th. The people die so, that now it seems they are fain to 
carry the dead to be buried by day-light, the nights not sufficing to do it in. 
And my Lord Mayor commands people to be within at nine at night, all, as 
they say, that the sick may have liberty to go abroad for ayre. There is one 

DD 2 



204 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFB'S HART STREET. 

also dead out of one of our ships at Deptford, which troubles us mightily ; 
the Providence, fireship, which was just fitted to go to sea. But they tell 
me to-day no more sick on board. And this day W. Bodham tells me that 
one is dead at Woolwich, not far from the Rope-yard. 

August 15th. It was dark before I could get home, and so land at 
Churchyard-stairs; where, to my great trouble I met a dead corpse of the 
plague, in the narrow ally just bringing down a litde pair of stairs. But I 
thank God I was not much disturbed at it. However, I shall beware of 
being late abroad again. 

August 1 6th. To the Exchange, where I have not been a great 
while. But, Lord ! how sad a sight it is to see the streets empty of people, 
and very few upon the 'Change. Jealous of every door that one sees shut 
up, lest it should be the plague ; and about us [Seething Lane and 
neighbourhood] two shops in three, if not more, generally shut up. 

August 19th. Letters from the King and Lord Arlington, for the 
removal of our office to Greenwich. 

August 22nd. I went away and walked to Greenwich in my way 
seeing a coffin with a dead body therein, dead of the plague, lying in an open 
close belonging to Coome Farm, which was carried out last night, and the 
parish have not appointed anybody to bury it ; but only set a watch there 
day and night that nobody should go thither or come thence : this disease 
making us more cruel to one another than if we are doggs.' 

August 25th. This day I am told that Dr. Burnett, my physician is that 
morning dead of the plague ; which is strange, his man dying so long ago, and 
his house this month open again. Now himself dead. Poor unfortunate man ! 

August 26th. Down by water to Greenwich, I found Mr. Andrews 
and Mr. Yeabsly. We parted at my Lord Brouncker's doore where I went 
in, having never been there before, and there he made a noble entertainment 
for Sir J. Minnes, myself, and Captain Cocke. . . Thence I by water 
home, in my way seeing a man taken up dead, out of the hold of a small 
catch^ that lay at Deptford. I doubt it might be the plague, which with the 
thought of Dr. Burnett, did something disturb me. 

' The reading in Lord Br.iybrookc's edition, 1849, 's " 'han we are to dogs.'' 
^VV small vessel, commonly called a ketch, 



THE PLAGUE. 205 

August 28th. To Mr. Colvill, the goldsmith's, having not for some 
days been in the streets ; but now how few people I see, and those looking 
like people that had taken leave of the world. I to the Exchange, and I 
think there were not fifty people upon it, and but few more like to be as they 
told me. Thus I think to take adieu to-day of the London streets. I think 
I have ;i^i,8oo and more in the house, and, blessed be God! no money out 
but what I can very well command, and that but very little, which is much 
the best posture I ever was in in my life, both as to the quantity and the 
certainty I have of the money I am worth ; having most of it in my hand. 
But then this is a trouble to me what to do with it, being myself this day 
going to be wholly at Woolwich; but for the present I am resolved to 
venture it in an iron chest, at least for a while. 

August 30th. Abroad [to London], and met with Hadley, our clerke," 
who upon my asking how the plague goes, told me it encreases much, and 
much in our parish ; for, says he, "there died nine this week, though I have 
returned but six " : which is a very ill practice, and makes me think it is so 
in other places ; and therefore the plague much greater than people take it 
to be. I went forth and walked towards Moorefields to see (God forbid my 
presumption!) whether I could see any dead corpse going to the grave; but, 
as God would have it, did not. But, Lord ! how everybody's looks, and 
discourse in the street is of death and nothing else, and few people going up 
and down, that the towne is like a place distressed and forsaken. 

August 31st. Up; and after putting several things in order to my 
removal, to Woolwich ; the plague having a great encrease this week beyond 
all expectation of almost 2,000, making the general Bill 7,000 odd 100 ; and 
the plague above 6,000. Thus this month ends with great sadness upon 
the publick, through the greatness of the plague everywhere through the 
kingdom almost. Every day sadder and sadder news of its encrease. In 
the City died this week 7,496, and of them 6,102 of the plague. But it is 
feared that the true number of the dead this week is near 10,000 ; partly 
from the poor that cannot be taken notice of through the greatness of the 
number, and partly from the Quakers and others that will not have any bell 

^ See p. 221. In 1680 — "And Mr. James Hadley Parish Clarke of the said Parish [St. Olave's] dolh 
promise to pay Twenty shillings p. annum for 4 yeares also? " to the rebuilding fund for St. Paul's Cathedral. 



2o6 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

ring for them. . . As to myself I am very well, only in fear of the plague, 
and as much of an ague by being forced to go early and late to Woolwich, and 
my family to lie there continually. My late gettings have been very great to 
my great content, and am likely to have yet a few more profitable jobbs in a 
little while ; for which Tangier and Sir W. Warren I am wholly obliged to. 

September 3rd (Lord's Day) [WoolwichJ. Up; and put on my 
coloured silk suit very fine, and my new periwigg bought a good while 
since, but durst not wear, because the plague was in Westminster when I 
bought it ; and it is a wonder what will be the fashion after the plague is 
done, as to periwiggs, for nobody will dare to buy any hair for fear of the 
infection, that it had been cut off the heads of people dead of the 
plague. . . My Lord Brouncker, Sir J. Minns, and I up to the Vestry 
[Greenwich] at the desire of the Justices of the Peace, in order to do some- 
thing for the keeping of the plague from growing ; but Lord ! to consider 
the madness of the people of the town who will (because they are forbid) 
come in crowds along with the dead corpses to see them buried ; but we 
agreed on some orders for the prevention thereof Among other stories, 
one was very passionate, methought, of a complaint brought against a man 
in the towne for taking a child from London from an infected house. 
Alderman Hooker told us it was the child of a very able citizen in Gracious 
Street, a saddler, who had buried all the rest of his children of the plague, 
and himself and wife now being shut up and in despair of escaping, did 
desire only to save the life of this little child ; and so prevailed to have it 
received stark-naked into the arms of a friend, who brought it (having put it 
into new fresh clothes) to Greenwich ; where upon hearing the story, we did 
agree it should be permitted to be received and kept in the towne. 

September 4th, 1665, Woolwich. {Extract from a letter of S. Pepys 
to Lady Carteret^ The absence of the Court and emptiness of the City 
takes away all occasion of news, save only such melancholy stories as would 
rather sadden than find your Ladyship in any divertisement in the hearing ; 
I having stayed in the City till above 7,400 died in one week, and of them 
above 6,000 of the plague, and little noise heard day or night but tolling of 
bells; till I could walk Lumber [Lombard] Street and not meet 20 persons 
from one end to the other, and not 50 upon the Exchange ; till whole 



THE PLAGUE. 207 

families, 10 and 12 together, have been swept away ; till my very physician, 
Dr. Burnet, who undertook to secure me against any infection, having 
survived the month of his own house being shut up, died himself of the 
plague ; till the nights though much lengthened are grown too short to 
conceal the burials of those that died the day before, people being thereby 
constrained to borrow day-light for that service : lastly, till I could find 
neither meat nor drink safe, the butcheries being everywhere visited, my 
brewer's house shut up, and my baker with his whole family, dead of 
the plague. 

September 6th. To London, to pack up more things ; and there I 
saw fires burning in the street, as it is through the whole City, by the Lord 
Mayor's order. Thence by water to the Duke of Albemarle's : all the way 
fires on each side of the Thames, and strange to see in broad day-light two 
or three burials upon the Bankeside, one at the very heels of another : 
doubtless all of the plague ; and yet at least forty or fifty people going along 
with every one of them. 

September 7th. Up by 5 of the clock, mighty full of fear of an ague, 
but was obliged to go, and so by water, wrapping myself up warm, to the 
Tower, and there sent for the Weekly Bill, and find 8,252 dead in all, and 
of them 6,978 of the plague ; which is a most dreadful number, and shows 
reason to fear that the plague hath got that hold that it will yet continue 
among us. 

September 14th. To London . . . And Lord ! to see how I 
did endeavour all I could to talk with as few as I could, there being now no 
observation of shutting up of houses infected, that to be sure we do 
converse and meet with people that have the plague upon them. So home 
[Seething Lane] and put up several things to carry to Woolwich, and upon 
serious thoughts I am advised by W. Griffin to let my money and plate rest 
there, as being as safe as any place, nobody imagining that people would 
leave money in their houses now, when all their families are gone. But 
Lord ! to see the trouble that it puts a man to, to keep safe what with pain 
a man has been getting together, and there is good reason for it. By water 
home late, where [Woolwich] when I came, I spent some thoughts upon 
the occurrences of this day, giving matter for as much content on the one 



2o8 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

hand and melancholy on another, as any day in all my life. For the first ; 
the finding of my money and plate and all safe at London, and speeding in 
my business of money this day. The decrease of 500 and more, which 
is the first decrease we have yet had in the sickness since it begun : 
and great hopes that the next week it will be greater. Then on the other 
side, my finding that though the Bill in general is abated, yet the City 
within the walls is encreased, and likely to continue so, and is close to our 
house there. My meeting dead corpses of the plague, carried to be buried 
close to me at noon-day through the City in Fanchurch-street. To see 
a person sick of the sores, carried close by me by Gracechurch in a hackney- 
coach. My finding the Angel Tavern, at the lower end of Tower-Hill, 
shut up ; and more than that, the alehouse at the Tower-stairs ; and more 
than that, the person was then dying of the plague when I was last there, a 
little while ago, at night, to write a short letter, and I overheard the 
mistresse of the house sadly saying to her husband somebody was very ill, 
but did not think it was of the plague. To hear that poor Payne, my 
waiter, hath buried a child and is dying himself To hear that a labourer 
I sent but the other day to Dagenhams to know how they did there, 
is dead of the plague ; and that one of my own watermen that carried 
me daily, fell sick as soon as he had landed me on Friday morning 
last, when I had been all night upon the water (and I believe he did get his 
infection that day at Brainford) and is now dead of the plague. And, 
lastly, that both my servants W. Hewer and Tom Edwards have lost their 
fathers, both in St. Sepulchre's parish [Snow Hill] of the plague this week, 
do put me into great apprehensions of melancholy, and with good reason. 
But I put off the thoughts of sadness as much as I can, and the rather 
to keep my wife in good heart, and family also. 

September 19th. About 4 or 5 [a.m.] of the clock we came to 
Greenwich, and having first set down my Lord Brouncker, Cocke and 
I went to his house it being light, and there to our great trouble, we being 
sleepy and cold, we met with the ill newes that his boy Jack was gone to 
bed sicke, which put Captain Cocke and me also into much trouble, the boy 
as they told us, complaining of his head most, which is a bad sign it seems. 
So they presently betook themselves to consult whether and how to remove 



THE PLAGUE. 209 

him. However I thought it not fit for me to discover too much fear to go 
away, nor had I any place to go to. So to bed I went, and slept till 
10 of the clock, and then comes Captain Cocke to wake me and tell me 
that his boy was well again. With great joy I heard the newes, so I up 
and to the office where we did a little, and but a little business. 

September 20th. To Lambeth. But, Lord ! what a sad time it is to 
see no boats upon the River ; and grass all up and down White Hall court, 
and nobody but poor wretches in the streets ! And, which is worst of all, the 
Duke [of Albemarle] showed us the number of the plague this week, brought 
in last night from the Lord Mayor; that it is encreased about 600 more than 
the last, which is quite contrary to our hopes and expectations from the 
coldness of the late season. For the whole general number is 8,297, and of 
them the plague 7,165, which is more in the whole by above 50 than the 
•biggest Bill yet : which is very grievous to us all. 

September 24th. By and by to dinner about 3 o'clock, and then I 
in the cabin to writing down my journall for these last seven days to my 
great content, it having pleased God that in this sad time of the plague, 
everything else has conspired to my happiness and pleasure more for these 
last three months than in all my life before in so little time. God preserve 
it and make me thankfull for it. 

September 27th. To the Duke of Albemarle. Here I saw this 
week's Bill of Mortality wherein, blessed be God! there is above 1,800 
decrease, being the first considerable decrease we have had. 

September 30th. I do end this month with the greatest content, and 
may say that these last three months for joy, health, and profit have been 
much the greatest that ever I received in all my life in any twelve months, 
having nothing upon me but the consideration of the sicklinesse of the season 
during this great plague to mortify me. For all which the Lord God be 
praised ! 

October 3rd. This night I hear that of our two watermen that used 
to carry our letters, and were well on Saturday last, one is dead, and the 
other dying, sick of the plague ; the plague though decreasing elsewhere, 
yet being greater about the Tower and thereabouts. 

EE 



2IO THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFB'S HART STREET. 

October i6th. I walked to the Tower [from the Exchange]; but 
Lord ! how empty the streets are and melancholy, so many poor sick people 
in the streets full of sores ; and so many sad stories overheard as I walk, 
everybody talking of this dead, and that man sick, and so many in this place 
and so many in that. And they tell me, that in Westminster there is never 
a physician and but one apothecary left, all being dead : but that there are 
great hopes of a great decrease this week ; God send it ! 

October 29th. I was set down at Woolwich towne end, and walked 
through the towne in the dark. But in the streete did overtake and almost 
run upon two women crying and carrying a man's coffin between them. I 
suppose the husband of one of them, which, methinks, is a sad thing. 

October 31st. To the office [Greenwich] where Sir W. Batten met 
me, and did tell me that Captain Cocke's black was dead of the plague, 
which I had heard of before but took no notice. By and by Captain Cocke 
came to the office, and Sir W. Batten and I did send to him that he would 
either forbear the office, or forbear going to his owne office. However, 
meeting yesterday the Searchers with their rods in their hands coming from 
Captain Cocke's house, I did overhear them say that the fellow did not die 
of the plague . . . After some fears that the plague would have 
increased again this week, I hear for certain that there is about 400 less, the 
whole number of deaths being 1,388, and of them, of the plague 1,031. 
Want of money in the Navy puts everything out of order. Men grow 
mutinous; and nobody here to mind the business of the Navy but myself. 

November ist. But by and by Sir W. Batten and I took coach [from 
Erith], and so going home I saw Captain Cocke 'lighting out of his coach, 
and so he would come along with me to my lodging and there sat and 
supped, and talked with us, but we were angry a little while about our 
message to him the other day about bidding him keep from the office or his 
own office, because of his black dying. I owned it and the reason of it, and 
would have been glad if he had been out of the house, but I could not bid 
him go, and so supped. 

November 9th. The Bill of Mortality, to all our griefs, is encreased 
399 this week, and the encrease generally through the whole City and 
suburbs, which makes us all sad. 



THE PLAGUE. 211 

November 14th. Called up by break of day by Captain Cocke, and 
he and I in his coach to Kent Streete, a sad place through the plague, people 
sitting sick and with plaisters about them in the street begging. 

November 15th. The plague, blessed be God! is decreased 400-; 
making the whole this week but 1,300 and odd ; for which the Lord 
be praised ! 

November 22nd. I heard this day that Mr. Harrington is not dead 
of the plague, as we belived, at which I was very glad, but most of all, to 
hear that the plague is come very low, that is, the whole under 1,000, and 
the plague 600 and odd : and great hopes of a further decrease, because of 
this day's being a very exceeding hard frost, and continues freezing. 

November 27th. I into London [from St. James's Park], it being 
dark night, by a hackney coach ; the first I have durst to go in many a day, 
and with great pain now for fear. But it being unsafe to go by water in the 
dark and frosty cold, and unable, being weary with my morning walke [from 
Greenwich to London] to go on foot, this was my only way. Few people 
yet in the streets, nor shops open, here and there twenty in a place almost ; 
though not above 5 or 6 o'clock at night. 

November 30th. Great joy we have this week in the Weekly Bill, it 
being come to 544 in all, and but 333 of the plague ; so that we are 
encouraged to get to London as soon as we can. And my father writes as 
great news of joy to them, that he saw York's waggon go again this week 
to London, and was full of passengers ; and tells me that my Aunt Bell 
hath been dead of the plague these seven weeks. 

December 2nd. Up and discoursing with my wife, who is resolved 
to go to London for good and all this day. Dined with my wife at noon 
and took leave of her, she being to go to London, as I said, for altogether, 
and I to the office [Greenwich], busy till past one in the morning. 

December 13th. By water to London. So away to the 'Change, 
and there hear the ill news, to my great and all our great trouble, that the 
plague is encreased again this week, notwithstanding there hath been a day 
or two great frosts ; but we hope it is only the effects of the late close warm 
weather, and, if the frosts continue the next week, may fall again ; but the 

EE 2 



2 12 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

town do thicken so much with people, that it is much if the plague do not 
grow again upon us. [With Sir W. Warren to the Duke of Albemarle's, 
the Cockpit, St. James's Park. J So we back again, and calling at my 
house to see my wife, who is well ; though my great trouble is that our 
poor little parish [St. Olave's] is the greatest number this weeke in all the 
city within the walls, having six, from one the last weeke ; and so by water 
to Greenwich. 

December 20th. But two things trouble me ; one the sicknesse is 
increased above 80 this weeke (though in my owne parish not one has died, 
though six the last weeke) ; [the other trouble referred to the " complexed " 
state of his Tangier account]. 

December 22nd. The weather hath been frosty these eight or nine 
days, and so we hope for an abatement of the plague the next weeke, or 
else God have mercy upon us ! for the plague will certainly continue the 
next year if it do not. 

December 31st (Lord's day). Thus ends this year, to my great joy 
m this manner. I have raised my estate from ^1,300 in this year to 
^4,400. I have got myself greater interest, I think, by my diligence, and 
my employments encreased by that of Treasurer for Tangier, and Surveyor 
of the Victualls.' It is true we have gone through great melancholy 
because of the great plague, and I put to great charges by it, by keeping 
my family long at Woolwich, and myself and another part of my family, 
my clerks, at my charge at Greenwich, and a mayde at London ; 
but I hope the King will give us some satisfaction for that. But 
now the plague is abated almost to nothing, and I intending to get to 
London as fast as I can . . . My whole family hath been well all this 
while, and all my friends I know of, saving my aunt Bell who is dead, and 
some children of my cozen Sarah's, of the plague. But many of such as I 
know very well, dead ; yet to our great joy the town fills apace, and shops 
begin to be open again. Pray God continue the plague's decrease ! for that 
keeps the Court away from the place of business, and so all goes to rack as 
to publick matters, they at this distance not thinking of it. 

' The Navy Viclualling Office was on Little Tower Hill, on the site where, till 1539, had stood the 
Abbey of Grace, see pp. 351 and 354, 



THE PLAGUE. 



213 



1665-6, January 3rd. At the Duke's [Albemarle] with great joy I 
received the good news of the decrease of the plague this week to 70, and 
but 253 in all; which is the least Bill hath been known these twenty years 
in the City. Though the want of people in London is it, that must make it 
so low below the ordinary number for Bills. 

January 5th. I with my Lord Brouncker by coach with four horses 
to London, to my Lord's house in Covent-Garden. But Lord! what staring 
to see a nobleman's coach come to town. And porters every where bow to 
us ; and such begging of beggars ! And a delightful thing it is to see the 
towne full of people again ; and shops begin to open, though in many places 
seven or eight together and more, all shut ; but yet the towne is full 
compared to what it used to be. I mean the City end ; for Covent-Garden 
and Westminster are yet very empty of people, no Court nor gentry 
being there. 

January 9th. To the office [Seething Lane; Pepys had removed to 
London on 7th January "with great joy in my heart for my coming once 
again hither"] where we met first since the plague, which God preserve us in ! 

January loth. Thence to the 'Change, and there hear to our grief 
how the plague is increased from 70 to 89. 

January i6th. Mightily troubled at the newes of the plague's being 
encreased, and was much the saddest news that the plague hath brought me 
from the beginning of it, because of the lateness of the year, and the fear, we 
may with reason have, of its continuing with us the next summer. The 
total being now 375, and the plague 158. 

January 23rd. Good newes beyond all expectation of the decrease of 
the plague, being now but 79, and the whole but 272. So home with 
comfort to bed. A most furious storme all night and morning. 

January 30th. I took coach and home [from Mr. Gauden's, Clapham] 
finding the towne keeping the day solemnly, it being the day of the King's 
murther, and they being at church, I presently into the church, and a dull 
sermon of our young Lecturer, too bad. This is the first time I have been 
in this church [St. Olave's] since I left London for the plague, and it 



214 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVES HART STREET. 

frighted me indeed to go through the church more than I thought it could 
have done, to see so many graves He so high upon the churchyards where 
people have been buried of the plague. I was much troubled at it, and do 
not think to go through it again a good while. 

January 31st. He [Mr. Knightly]' is mighty solicitous, as I find 
many about the City that live near the churchyards, to have the church- 
yards covered with lime, and I think it is needfull, and ours I hope will be 
done . . . To White Hall, and to my great joy people begin to bustle 
up and down there, the King holding his resolution to be in towne to-morrow, 
and hath good encouragement, blessed be God ! to do so, the plague being 
decreased this week to 56, and the total to 227. 

February 4th. Lord's day ; and my wife and I the first time together 
at church since the plague, and now only because of Mr. Mills [rector of 
St. Olave's] his coming home to preach his first sermon ; expecting a great 
excuse for his leaving the parish before any body went, and now staying till 
all are come home ; but he made but a very poor and short excuse, and a 
bad sermon. It was a frost, and had snowed last night which covered the 
graves in the churchyard, so as I was the less afeard for going through. 

February i6th. With Moore to the Coffee-House, the first time I 
have been there, where very full, and company it seems hath been there all 
the plague time. 

March ist. Blessed be God ! a good Bill this week we have ; being 
but 237 in all, and 42 of the plague, and of them but six in the City: 
though my Lord Brouncker says that these six are most of them in new 
parishes where they were not the last week.'' 



Having seen the impressions made upon Evelyn and Pepys by the 
terrible visitation of 1665, we may add an interesting account from 
" Edihen" of the way in which the author ^ of that book was affected by 
being perpetually in peril of death. " Cairo and the Plague," chapter xviii. 
" There is some semblance of bravado in my manner of talking about 

' Afterwards Sir Robert Knightly. See p. 223; also Burial Reg., p. 192. 

^ It is said that the only parish in the City of London quite exempt from infection during the plague of 
1665-6 was that of St. John the Evangelist in Watling Street. J. S. Burn, Parish Registers, p. 103. 

» Alexander William Kinglake. Eothen was published in 1844. See Diet, of Nat. Biography, vol. xxxi, p. 171. 



THE PLAGUE. 215 

the Plague. I have been more careful to describe the terrors of other 
people than my own. The truth is that during the whole of my stay at 
Cairo I remained thoroughly impressed with a sense of my danger. I 
may almost say that I lived under perpetual apprehension, for even in 
sleep, as I fancy, there remained with me some faint notion of the peril 
with which I was encompassed. But fear does not necessarily damp the 
spirits ; on the contrary, it will often operate as an excitement giving rise to 
unusual animation, and thus it affected me. If I had not been surrounded 
at this time by new faces, new scenes, and new sounds, the effect produced 
upon my mind by one unceasing cause of alarm might have been very 
different. As it was, the eagerness with which I pursued my rambles among 
the wonders of Egypt was sharpened and increased by the sting of the fear 
of death. Thus my account of the matter plainly conveys an impression 
that I remained at Cairo, without losing my cheerfulness and buoyancy of 
spirits. And this is the truth, as I have freely confessed, that my sense of 
danger during the whole period was lively and continuous." 




THE ACCOUNT AND MINUTE BOOKS. 

— -^^ 

CHAPTER XIII. 

Collections for various objects made in St. Olave's Church, 1642-110^. Collections by 
" Orders of Warrante." Royal Briefs. A brief for re-building St. PatiVs Cathedral, 
4th April, 1680. The Vestry Minute Books, iJOJ-lSig ; orders relating to Pews ; 
The Churchyards ; The Poor and Parish Workhouse ; The Afternoon Lectureship ; 
Office of Churchwarden ; Fines on refusing to serve ; The custody of the Keys of 
Chests containing Communion Plate or Parish Deeds ; Levies of men for the Navy; 
Poor Rate; Miscellaneous. Poor Rate Books, i64'j-i6gg. Deeds of Parish Estates ; 
Disposition of Lord Bayning''s property, i62g ; also, that of his son in 1638. 

COLLECTIONS AT THE PARISH CHURCH, 1642-1707. 

I. — The Book begins with an account of " Moneyes Collected 
in the parish of St. Olaves Hart Street, London, for y'= use of the aforesaid 
Parish." Extracts : — 

(First entry). Aprill 27, 1642. 

li s. 
Collected at y^ monthly fast the somme of five pounds tenn shillings 

whereof disposed to the poore iij 

putt into the poore boxe ij x 



(Second entry). May 25, 1642. 

_ _ li s. d. 

At y'= monthly fast y= some of the some of six pounds five 

shillings & six pence. 

whereof disposed to y= poore of y"= parish iij ix vj 

reste with M' Thornbury ij xvj 

vj'' v^ vj'' 



THE ACCOUNT AND MINUTE BOOKS. 217 

The communion was at this time administered on the first Sunday 
in the month, and there was a Fast on the last Wednesday in the month. 

In 1643 there was Holy Communion, with collection for the Poor, on 
Palm Sunday, March 26, on Good Friday, Easter Day, and Low Sunday. 

In 1641 there is no entry of Holy Communion on Good Friday, but 
there is an entry on " Aprill y'= 28th commonly called Lowe Sunday," ' 
and on the same Sunday in 1645 but not in 1646. 

In 1 646-1 647 there appears to have been no regular Sunday for 
the Holy Communion, sometimes it was the ist, the 2nd, or the 3rd, and 
occasionally no entry occurs. 

From May 4, 1656, to Easter 1659, there are many entries missing. 

1661-2, Feb: " Att the Sacram'," quite exceptional for " Att the 

Communion." 

H s. d. 

1662. December 25. Collected at a communion on Chrifmasday 

together w'h another coft y'= same tyme for y*^ poore w"'' being 
added made in all 04 : 08 6 

w'^'' was ordered per M' Mills to be distributed to the poore per y^ difcrecion 
of the Churchwarden M' Arnoll, M' Garfeild being then absent. 

1663. Aprill ye 19, Esther day ye last of M' Garfeild's tyme for Churchwarden. 
1663-4. January 30. The Aniversary Fasting day for the horrid Murther of his Late 

Ma''% collected towards the releife of the Poore Fowerty One Shillings 
and Fewer pence. 2 : 01 : 04 

There is a similar entry during the next twelve years. 

1665. April 5. A Collection on the ffast ffor y= good success of his Maties Navall 
fforces, the some of ffifty one shillings and 9"^. 

Pepys, April 5th, 1665. "This day was kept publiquely by the 
King's command as a fast day against the Dutch warn" 

1665. The Plague year. There are entries of " communion " when 
the Plague was at its worst. May 7th [June and July omitted], August 20th, 

' "Being ye Last of Mr. Kearsley's tyme for churchwarden." There is usually a note every year, until 

1683, of "the last time for churchwarden," and "ye first," or "ye pro" of Mr. as Churchwarden. 

This has enabled me to make the list of Churchwardens more complete, but the Christian names are not given. 

FF 



2i8 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

September loth, October 8th', November 5th, and December 27th. The 
amount collected was much smaller than usual. 

li s. A. 

1666. Nov. 7. The Publique Day for ffasting collected 08 : 16 : 00 

Nov. 20th a Day of Publique Thanksguiving for ye Abating y= heavy visitacon 

of the Plague. Collected 9 : 1 7 : 00 

1691. Colected y<= xxix Nov' 1691 It being a publick thanksgiving for success in 

Ireland" y<^ Kings retorne the some of thirteene shillings & three pense all 

Distributed. 

1694. Sep : I. Colected at y<= Sacrament 00 : 13 6 

This is the common form of entry from the year 1670, and is 

continued to the end of the book, October 5th, 1707. 

1705. April 8. Colected att y^ Sacrament ye Sume of Eight pound One 

Shilling and four pence halfepeny which was distributed att y^ 

Discretion of y'^ Minister and Church Warden. [The first 

entry of the kind] 8:1:9^ 

May 6. Collected &c. & distributed at y= discretion of the 

Minisf & Ch- Wardens [the second and last in this book] 2:3:8 

In this book nothing more is said as to the distribution, it merely 
states the amount collected. 

II. This book also contains an account of " Moneyes collected by 
virtue of Letters Patente from his Ma''" and by other Orders of Warrante 
upon sundry occasions w* are not for the use of this Parish." 

Many of the following collections were made by order of Kings' 
Briefs, which were royal mandates ordering collections to be made in 
Churches, for all manner of objects and " for all sorts and conditions 
of men." The extreme limit of eccentricity in the object for which a 
Church collection was ordered, seems to be the following : Loughborough, 
Leicestershire. " 1673. Brief for rebuilding the Theatre Royal in London." 
J. S. Burn, Parish Registers, p. 143. The people, not accustomed, as 
they are in these days, to an offertory at every service, must often have 
regarded these frequent collections for extraneous objects as burdensome ; 
and this feeling finds expression in the Diary of Pepys, 1661, June 30th 

' Limerick invested in August, 1690, by the English and Dutch, surrendered on most honourable terms 3rd 
Octolier, 1691. The Treaty of Limerick was annulled by the Irish Parliament, 1695. 



THE ACCOUNT AND MINUTE BOOKS. 219 

(Lord's day). " To Church where we observe the trade of briefs is come 
now to so constant a course every Sunday that we resolve to give no more 
to them." Briefs were abolished in 1828, 9 George IV, c. 28. The following 
extracts, 1642-1690, will suffice to show for what objects these appeals were 
made in St. Olave's Church : — 

1642, April 24. The first entry is " for y'= inhabitants of Barwick upon 

Tweed in the Kingdom of England towards the repaire of their 

Church the some of fifty seaven shillings ij'' : xvij'' : o'' 

This is a very common object for which a collection was made, 
and equally common is the making good of losses incurred by individuals or 
parishes in all parts of the country. 

There are also special objects deserving of notice, for instance — ■ 

Aug. 31. In the same year collections were made for poore Irish Ministers 
and their families by order of the Lords and Comons vij" : xi'' : i"*, and in 1642 
and 1643, on several occasions, " For releife of poore maimed soldiers in y^ 
Earle of Essex his Army by order of Parhament." 

In 1642-3, Feb. 5 and 12. For releife of poore Irish and English 
children to be transported into New England, on each 
occasion was collected iiij" : iij* : o'^ 

1642-3, March 19. " For y^ redemption of Demetrius Christophorus, 

his wife and children out of Captivity " (by the Turks) ii'' : o^ : vi'' 

1643, Dec. 10. For Bartholomew Mikysko and Jasper Hludovicus' 

of ye University of Prague poore distressed Protestants 

banished from there cuntrye : xlvii^ : vi'' 

li s. cl. 
And 1644, June 2. For Doctor Nathaniel Dasserinos Preacher to the 

Greekes in the Citty of Sancta Mauera in the County of 

Peloponesus o 18 o 

Days of Thanksgiving and Days of Humiliation are naturally 
regarded as appropriate for special collections. Here is an historical entry 
immediately after the battle of Marston Moor, July ist, when Cromwell's 
" Ironsides" won a complete success. 

1644, July 18. Upon y^ day of Publique thanksgiveinge ffbr y= great 

victorye Vouchsafed to this Kingdome over Prince Rupert 

' and his Cavillrye 1" : "'? : 

' Hludovicus for Ludovicus, Louis. 

FF 2 



220 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

And, one out of many instances — 

Sept. 12. Itt being a day of humiliation there was collected in 
all two pounds and twelve shillings. Half was ordered by 
Parliament to be disposed of for y" releefe of y' poore 
distressed people of Lancaster ; the other to y" poore of y= 
parish : S^^ : o 

During the Commonwealth, indeed, days of humiliation were very 
frequent, and only occasionally a day of "publick thanksgiving," e.g., 1653, 
March 27, and again April 12th, "for a victorye obtained over the Dutch." 
These entries are of more than ordinary interest, for the occasion was 
the memorable defeat in the February of that year of Van Tromp by 
Admiral Blake, after a running fight of four days. 

The following- have reference to Cromwell's wars in Ireland : — 

li s. d. 
1645, June 30 and July 27. Towards the Transporting of those 

Souldiers into Ireland that were taken by S' Thomas ffairfax 

from the Kinge's Armye Being willing to adventure their 

Lives for the suppressing of y<= rebells there ij : iij : vj 

1649, Nov. I. Publique thanksgiving for a great victorye obtained 

in Ireland by y"= parliaments forces there o : vi : o 

The massacre and capture of Drogheda by Cromwell took place 
September nth. 

1650, July 14. For the releafe of George Reonolds who suffered by 

y'= Rebells in Ireland 5s. 7d. 

And yet our neighbours' needs receive consideration as well as the 
claims of strangers, e.g. : — 

li s. 

1646-7, March 10. "Publique ffast one moitye for y^ poore inhabitants 

of Totnes in Devon and y' other moitye devided betwixt y' 
poore of allhallowes Stayninges and this (parish) distributed 
the same day " 2:8:0 

And 1660, April 8, there is a collection "for the repaire and reedifying 

of y'= pish steeple of y^ Church of Barkeing" - 2 : 13 : o 

Poor ministers or parsons of other "denominations" are remem- 
bered, e.g. : — 

1VT ^ li s. d. 

1653, March 27. For one Armastatms Comnonus Minister to the 

Greeke church . jq 

And 1658, May 9. Distressed Protestants in Poland and other parts 9 : 6 : j 



02 : lo : 2 



THE ACCOUNT AND MINUTE BOOKS. 221 

Of cases of individual sufferers, the following is but one out of 
many examples:^ 

1644-5, Feb. 2. Towards the releife of John Adams plasterer hurt 

by a fall from a ladder To ffetch Buckitts to helpe in y^ Late 

ffyre in y= said parish xxvj'' o^ 

li s. d. 
1654, May 23, IS a day of publick thanksgiveing for y^ union betweene 

y' two nations as also for raine in tyme of drought. The 

Collection was for the poor 00 : 08 : 00 

And the last extract from the Commonwealth period that shall be given, refers 
to the illness of the Rector, Dr. Mills, and his people's prayers for him :— 

1658, Nov. 9. For y' poore of the Parish itt being a day sett a parte 
to seeke god in the behalfe of M' Mills parson then in a 
weeke condicon 

In connection with the Restoration : — 

1660, May 30. A day was sett aparte for publique thanksgiveing by author- 
itye of j)arliament for y= great deliverance God hath wrought 
for this nation. For maimed souldiers widdowes & orphans 
June 28. For restoring King Charles the Second his maiestie 
to his rightfull possession. (Collection given to the poore 
y= same tyme) 02 : 02 : o 

1660-61, January 30.' It being appointed a day of Solemne Humiliaco 
by his Ma"'^ King Charles the Second and so to be kept in 
memoriall for future tyme for the Barberous and inhumane 
Murder of his ffather Kinge Charles the fflrst of ever 
blessed memory Iv^ : a^ 

Similar entries occur in succeeding years. 

1661-62, January 15. Itt being appointed a day of Publique Humiliaco 
by his Maiesty for the removall of a present iudgem' and 
prevenco of a future iiij : xi : o 

February, 23. There was collected towards y'^ releefe of the 
poore by an order ifro y^ Lord Mayor & Alderm^ (his Maiestie 
& Councell assenting thereunto) in considerac of deadnefse 
of tradeing and dearenes of corne : Iv* : ix'' 

' The Form of Prayer for the Thirtieth of January, prepared by Convocation and enjoined by Proclamation 
of May 2nd, 1662, with alterations on the accession of James II, made by royal authority alone, was ordered to 
be discontinued, upon addresses lo the Queen from both Houses of Parliament, by the issue of H.M. Warrant, 
January 17th, 1859. 



lllj 



222 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

1680. During October and November "there was collected ffor & 

towards y= Redemption of Captives in Algeirin " the large sum of Ixvij'' : ij* : vij'' 

1681-2. Towards y'= Distressed Protestant Churches in y'^ lesser Poland- vj : j : o 

The largest collection for any object was made in 1686. 
1686, April 25. Towards y'= Releife of French Protestants 205 : 10 : 09 

The revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, and the migration of 
French Huguenots to England probably account for this large collection. 

1688, In y'= month of Dec' by virtue of y= Kings Ma''^= Order to y' 

Lord BiP & y« Lord Major of London for y'= Releife of y' 

poore of London and the suburbs thereof xliij : x : o 

1689, June 2. For y= Releif of Irish Protestants Ixxxvj : xiv : x 

Compare with these the following "for neighbours." 

1690, September 21. Towards y* Loss of Severall Inhabitants of 

East Smythfeild in ye parish of S' Botolph w"" Aldgate : xxv : iij 



CONTRIBUTIONS TO A BRIEF FOR RE-BUILDING 
ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL. 

Read in St. Olave's Church, 4th April, 1680. 

An account book in paper covers is labelled : — 

n s. d. 
A Booke of the Names & Sums Contributed to a Breife for the 

Building of the Cathedral Church of Saint Paul London wcti 

was read in this pish Ch : of S' O. Hartstr' London on the 

4"' day of April 1680 Collected from Houfe to Houfe by the 

Rector & Ch ; Wardens of ye s^i pish Amounting to the sume of 62 : 9 : i 

At the head of folio i is the following : — 

" The Contents of the names of those Inhabitants of the parish of S' Olaves Hart 
Street London, who have contributed their Charitable ayd [and] the sumes 
by them contributed, &c., &c." 



THE ACCOUNT AND MINUTE BOOKS. 223 

A few of the contributors were : — 

S' Robert Knightly 
The Lady Riccard 

(The first names in the list). 
M' Sallallarene - 
M' Thornbury 
S' John Lethulier 
M' John his sone 
S' Anthony Dean 
Esquire Middleton 
Sarah, a maid servant 
Docter Cleark 
D' Mills, D' D : Rector [the last name] 

The Total suine Collected amounts unto the suine of fixty two pounds nyne shilfi 
and one penny. And besides y' D' Mills Rector of the parish of S' Olave 
Hartstreet aforesd. doth promise to pay Power pounds j)' annum for 
Fower yeares. And m' James Hadley Parish Clarke of the said Parish doth 
promise to pay Twenty shilR ^ annum for 4 yeares alsoe. 



li 


s. 


d. 


OS 


; OG 


; 


3 


: 00 


: 


GO 


: G2 


: 6 


00 


: OS 


: 


OS 


: oG 


: 


01 


: 03 


: 


OS 


: 00 


: G 


01 


: Gi 


: 6 


GO 


: 01 


: 


01 


: 00 


: 


04 


: GO 


: 



The 1 2th day of July, 1680. 

Received of Daniell Mills D.D. & Rector of the parish of S' 
Olaves Hartstreet .London by the order & appointment of 
the Lord Bp of London the suiiie of Sixty two pounds 
nine shillings & one penny & is for so much which 
amounteth unto the collection in the said parish for the 
Breife towards y= Building of the Cathedral Church of 
St. Paul London according to y= book of y<^ Collection 
thereof, subscribed by y" said Rector & Churchwardens, 
w"" I have allso received specifying the particulers thereof; 
I say rec'' by the hands of John Mervin Churchwarden of 
the said parish. 

By me John Tillison. 

Witness 

Law : Spencer. 



li s. d. 
62 : 09 : I 



224 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

THE MINUTE BOOKS OF THE VESTRY— EXTRACTS. 

The first volume begins with the Minutes of the Vestry, held 

20th day of March, 1706-7, where were present Mr. John Turton, Rector, 

and seven others. 

Ordered : That R'' Elton's daughter be put to Prentice to M" Marjoram a 
child's Cote maker. Liveing in Dorsett Street in Spittle ffields. 

The Parish was governed by a Select Vestry, that filled up 
vacancies, e.g., "May 28th, 1708, it was resolved that five Gentlemen 
be chosen into y° Vestry (Sir Charles Peers, Knt. and Alderman, William 
Gore, Esq., &c., &c.)," and April loth, 1713, out of four in nomination 
for Gentlemen of the Vestry, two were chosen. 

The extracts are arranged under different heads, with the view of 
giving them additional interest. First, as to the pews, and the seating of 
congregation : — 

1709, May 9. Ordered y' no Churchwardens for the futer shall not either difpose of 

any whole Pew or alter any Pew in this Church w^out Consent of the Vestry. 

1 7 10, Nov. 16. That y'= Church Warden Alter y' front Pew at y'= Lower End of y" 

South Side adjoined to y'' Commifsioners Gallery into two Pews to be 
carryed backwards. 

17 1 1, Dec. 28. That M' Carbonnel have leave to fit up the Pew that M' Bigly 

Willson lately had for his own use & at his owne charge. 

1 7 1 3, Nov. 1 3. Agreed that Coll" James Porten and M' Fran : Porten his Brother 
has the South East Corner Pew of the North Isle for them and their 
familys Reparing it at their one (sic) charge, Provided that if either of their 
familys Remove out of the Parish another family shall be Placed in their 
Roome with the likeing and Aprobation of either Brother who shall Remaine 
In ye Parish. 

1713, Nov. 30. That the footmen be removed out of the two Eastermost pews in 
the North Isle into such part of Gallerys as Churchwardens find most 
convenient and the maid servants be placed in the said pews. 

1744, March 26. Ordered none be admitted into the ancients Gallery or Pew but 
such as have past the Parish offices or ffined. [This refers to the Western or 
Organ Gallery. 

1760, July 15. The Seniors [Ancients] \>c\\' in the front gallery to be new lined 
and cushions repaired at the expense of the Parish. 



THE ACCOUNT AND MINUTE BOOKS. 225 

1756, Sept. 15. M' Patterson applied for a seat — The Churchwarden gave him a 
key accordingly. 

1808, March 15. The Vestry called — The Rector having alone seated an Inhabitant 
in a Pew in the church to which another family had been previously 
appointed by the Churchwarden. After considerable debate, a motion was 
made that it was the opinion of this Vestry when a vacancy occurs in the 
Seats or pews in any part of the Church, the right of disposing of the same 
is in the Churchwarden for the time being. This was carried by a con- 
siderable majority. The Rector, D' Owen, in the chair, Thomas Dennis, 
Churchwarden, & 14 others were present. 

1 81 7, March 13. Recommende that the Servants of this Parish be seated in the 
Galleries — the male servants in the North, female in the South. 



THE CHURCHYARDS— OLD AND NEW. 

1729, July 31. That the said Mr. John Woods cause a Pair of New Folding Dores 
to be erected and sett up leading out of the Great Churchyard into Seething 
Lane and such other repairs as to the entrance therein and out as he 
shall think convenient. 

ij66, March 31. That the Churchyard wall next Seething Lane be repaired and 
raised with pallisadoes of wood. 

1 8 14, December 8. The Churchwardens also stated that it appeared necessary . . . 
to encrease the height of the present railing on the Wall next Seething Lane 
by erecting a new railing of 7 ft. 6 in. high of cast iron with a wrought top 
rail, and cheval de frise of the same materials, the estimated expense 
about ;^45. Ordered to be carried into execution. 

„ The Churchwarden reported that since the last Vestry it had been expedient 
to make a door into the turrett leading from the churchyard to the 
steeple to prevent the impropriety of ringers, workmen, &c., going through 
the body of the Church at all hours, and also the Sexton for the purpose 
of daily winding up the clock, &c. The estimated expense would be about 
;^30. The Vestry confirmed the act of the Churchwarden. 

1715, April I. Thomas Henshawe allowed to make light into the churchyard 
from the Globe Alehouse paying four shillings a year by twelvepence 
per quarter during pleasure of the Vestry. 

GG 



226 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

1724, March 27. Mr. Gore have hberty to remove engine house in the new 
churchyard, Provided he erect & build another of the same dimensions 
at his own proper costs and charges to the satisfaction of the churchwardens. 
He to pay 5^-. a year for h'ghts to be secured by Iron Bars. 

1737, July 8. John Gore Esq. applies for permission to build a Vault under the 
Church Steeple of this Parish for Burial of the dead and a conveniency for 
Laying the usual quantity of coals for the service of the Parish. 

Order. That the Churchwardens permit him at his own expense so that it do 
not on opening annoy the Parishioners. 

Feb. 22. Agreed to accept Ten (Guineas from John Gore, Esq., for the service 
of the Parish, in consideration that no dead shall be buryed in the Poor 
Churchyard for 14 years from this time. 

1745, September 26. The application of Henry March Esq. to be allowed to erect 
a building over and in the south-west corner of the churchyard in addition 
to his brewhouse — he giving 3 gallons of small beer on Ascension Day — 
while he or his family shall inhabit, but on going thence may have liberty to 
pull down the erection or to leave the erection as the Parish shall think filt. 

The erection was left until the year 1863, when the houses, Nos. 60 
and 61, were rebuilt, and a fair arrangement made between the Parish 
and the owners as to the boundary on the west side of the Churchyard. 
See Vestry Minutes, 1863, January 29th and April 9th. 

1 78 1, May 9. The new Churchyard to be closed. Tower Vault for the Poor instead. 



THE POOR AND THE PARISH WORKHOUSE. 

1 7 18, June 5. Order<i that the Church Warden do provide Badges for y*^ Poor 
of y<= Parish & y' no Pensioner be allowed any Alms or Pension that doth 
not constantly wear y"^ said Badge. 

'737-8, February 15. Much discussion pro tt con as to a Resolut" passed in the 
negative, about making a Worke House or Repository for the poor to live 
in to ease and lessen the charge which hath come upon the Parish and 
still continues to grow. The question was put up whether there should 
be a Worke House or not & it passed in the affirmative. A committee of 20 
was appointed for the making Lord Vise' Sudbury's Hosp' more convenient 
for receiving such poor. 



THE ACCOUNT AND MTNUTE BOOKS. 227 

THE PARISH CHURCH. THE CLOCK AND BELLS. 

1 7 10, February 15. Agreed with M' George Clarke to make a Clock for y^ Church 
with Rodds to come to y'= Uyall at forty five pounds or if without Rodds 
at Thirty pounds according to y'= Agreement of y"^ Dimentions etc of 
this day date. 

1749, March 27. Ordered the Saints Bell [i.e. Sanctus Bell], 

1785, March 28. A new Bell in the Steeple for the Clock in the room of the one 
that is broke. 



THE PARISH CHURCH. SUNDRY REPAIRS. 

1727, August II. ;^io5 to be raised for Repairing & Seating the Pews. 

1777, March 31. Resolved the best way of repairing the Tower to point it down. 

April 18. Expense of repairing Tower, £i?>?>. 

1802, April 2. Repairs of the Church cost about ^1029. 

1815, February 23. Estimate of Works perform'^ about the Church, Church Yard, 
Steeple, &c. £<)o^ exclusive of the Painters. 

1819, June I. William Woodley chosen Overseer and Collector of the Poor Rate. 

Report. — Repairs of Roof and Gutters of the Church by the covering with 
new Lead & repairing the Boardings & Bearers thereof, &c., &c., ^600 
or thereabouts. — Ordered. 



THE AFTERNOON LECTURESHIP. 

1754, January 27. Agreed the Candidates to preach in Turns on Sunday aft" as 
was ballotted for in Vestry — Nine Candidates — Rev. M' Dodd as appears 
Vestry Minutes Ap : 15, was elected vice Watkinson. The Elect" was 
April 3rd. 
April 15. ^25 per annum be paid out of the Collect" Money to be gathered 
for the Reverend M'W"> Dodd" the present Lecturer towards the support of 
M' Watkinson the late Lecturer. The Ch : Wardens and their successors do 
pay the same to M' Watkinson at their discretion. 
'The Rev. William Dodd was hanged June 27th, 1777, at Tyburn, for forging the signature of Lord 
Chesterfield to a bond for ^4,200. 

GG 2 



228 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

As showing Dr. Dodd's popularity, the next entry is of interest — 

1757, November 10. M' Collier should inform the Parishioners Sunday Morning 
next that the Churchwardens will give their attendance at the Church Door 
in Seething Lane on Sunday Afternoon between }^ past 2 and 3 to prevent 
the inhabitants being incommoded in getting to their Pews. 

1 8 14, September 6. Ordered that a New Gown of princes stuff be provided for the 
use of the Sunday Afternoon Lecturer & that the same be kept for his 
exclusive use, in some proper & secure place. 



THE OFFICE OF CHURCHWARDEN. FINES. 
PLEADING TO BE EXEMPT. 

1 7 16, April 17. Charles Sargison and Denis Lydell Esq"' having been chosen church 
Wardens in the last vestry for the year ensuing, appeared and desired to be 
excused from serving on account of their being Commiss'^ of His Mai""' Navy. 
The question was put whether they sh'' be excused &c., and it is passed in 
the negative. 

April 21. The Vestry did not confirm the orders of the last Vestry but excus"^ 
on their plea that it was impossible for them to serve in both capacities. 
1721, October 5. Agreed that noe Person an Inhabitant of this Parish for the future 
(although he shall serve under Churchwarden) shall be excused serving of 
• Upper Churchwarden under a Fine of Twenty Pounds. 
1772, April 20. John Bell \ 

& ! Chosen — 

Captain Christ' Burrows' 

Agreed that proper steps be taken to oblige Capt" Christ' Burrows to serve 
the office of Ch : Warden or to fine for the Same. The Captain pleaded 
exemption as a Younger Brother of the Trinity House. 

May 3. Entered on the minutes " the Case " and the two legal opinions 
thereon — D' Harris & D' Wynne thinks he is exempted. 

Adjourned Vestry from March 27 : — 
1780, March 29. Philip Malett scruples to take the oath requir'' by Law to be taken 
in respect of such office or to appoint a deputy. He is sent for & his 
answer was he could not come. Agreed to proceed against him according 
to Law, 



THE ACCOUNT AND MINUTE BOOKS. 229 

It is clear that Mr. Malett withdrew his objection, for in 

1780, July, he presides being Churchwarden. 

1801, April 2. The fine to be excused serving offices for this Parish be raised 
from ^30 to £so. 

1805, April 18. James Court, Secretary of Trinity House, chosen Overseer; at first 
pleaded exempt, but being pressed fined (^50) 1805 September 17. 



THE CUSTODY OF THE KEYS OF THE COMMUNION 

PLATE CHEST AND OF THE CHEST CONTAINING 

THE PARISH DEEDS. 

1814, March i. The Chest over the Plate Chest on the side of the Fire Place for the 
safe Custody of the Registers, Ordered it be referred to the Church Wardens 
to have a proper Iron Chest of sufficient size. 

The following was the opinion given by Counsel : — 

In General the Care & Custody of the Communion plate & other property of 
like the kind belonging to the Parish lied upon the Churchwardens, but as it is 
stated to be an Immemorial Custom in this Parish for the Rector to have a 
kind of joint custody of it by having a key of the place or places in which 
it is kept .... It seems very proper that the Rector should have a 
Joint Custody of the Parish Writings and the Sole Custody of the Register 
is given to him by the late Act on that subject, viz. : 52 Geo. 3"" 146 S 5 

Signed J. M. Arnold, D' Commons. 

March 8* 18 14 

April 14. It was Ordered that the Rector have the Keys he has been 
accustomed to possess of the Plate Chest and other enclosures in the 
Church and Vestry Room containing any of the parish property, agreeably to 
the above opinion. 

The following minute of Vestry seems to have been forgotten : — 

181 1, January 27. It appearing to be the duty of the Upper Churchwarden to keep 
the Key of the Church Plate constantly in his own possession it is 
recommended by the Vestry to him so to do in future, and only to deliver 
it to the Beadle at such times as may be required for the Administration 
of the Sacrament. 



230 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFE'S HART STREET. 

AS TO THE RIGHT OF THE RECTOR OR THE PARISH 
TO BLACK CLOTH USED IN THE CHURCH. 

1818, December i. That the Church be hung with black cloth of the best 

superfine — on the occasion of the death of Her Most Gracious Majesty 
the Queen — And further that it be retained for the use of the Parish. 
It was previously moved — but not seconded — that it be presented by the 
Ch w : as a gift to the Rector. 

1 8 19, April I. Ordered that certain Cases and opinions taken in the year 18 18 by 

the then Ch : Warden Mr. Woollet relative to the right of the Rector to the 

Black Cloth being in the Church on a Public Mourning, &c. be entered in 

the Vestry Bk of this Parish. 

These are entered fols. 267 to 271 inclusive, all adverse to the 

Rector's claims. Where private individuals hang up black cloth in the 

Parish Church the Rector may have, according to custom, a right to it, 

but this point is not certain. 



LEVIES OF MEN FOR THE NAVY. 

In pursuance of an Act 35 George III (5th March, 1795) a certain 
number of men were raised in the several counties in England for the 
service of His Majesty's Navy. For the City and County of the City of 
London, 198 men were to be levied, and the following will show our 
contribution : — 

179s, April 28. Mem-" At a Vestry held at the Parish Church of St. Andrew 
Undershaft, the 28* day of April 1795. Together with the Officers of the 
Parishes of St. Catharine Coleman and St. Olave Hart Street, concerning 
raising Eight Men for his Majesty's Navy, agreeable to Act of Parliament 
for that purpose. After some consultation the Gentlemen agreed to give 
Twenty-five Guineas Bounty, and the proportion of each Parish — as follows : 
St. Andrew Undershaft 3 men & 3/5 j[^()^ 10 o 

St. Catherine Coleman i man & 1/5 31 10 o 

St. Olave Hart Street 3 men & 1/5 84 o o 

^210 o o 



Mr. Robert Taylor, Church Warden (of St. Olave's) kindly undertook to 
provide the said men, for which he received the Thanks of the Gentlemen 
then present. 



THE ACCOUNT AND MINUTE BOOKS. 231 

Then follows an account of Mr. Robert Taylor's disbursements for 
procuring eight men, their names, and the amounts they were to receive. 

1796, December 31. This Vestry was called for the raising of four men in 
pursuance of the same Act. It was agreed to offer a Bounty of Twenty 
Six Guineas each . . . . To be advertised in the " Daily Advertiser, 
" Publicans' Advertiser," & " County Chronicle." 



VESTRY MINUTES. 

WIDENING OF HART STREET AT NORTH WEST CORNER. 

181 1, Jan. 27. Resolved that the Vestry do agree with the Committee in the Report, 
& refer it to them to take such further steps as may be necessary for carrying 
the same into execution. 

April 17. Resolv'i That it be referred to the Committee for the intended 
improvement in Hart Street, to consider whether it be practicable to widen 
the North end of Seething Lane by setting back the Burial Ground and the 
public house in line with the East India Warehouses, & to report their 
opinion thereon. 



POOR RATE. 

1 7 16, June 14. Resolved to raise Eight Quarters for this year from 25 March 
1 7 16 to 25 March 1717. Also in 1726, June 30, and 1728, June 26, the 
same mode of procedure was adopted. 

1724, September 22. Poor's Rate — Six quarters for the present year. 

1736-7) March 15. East India Warehouse to be rated at ^150 computed at one- 
third of the whole new built warehouse situate in this Parish and St. 
Catherine Coleman. 

The whole of this warehouse was pulled down a.d. 1890-91. 

1789, March 11. Rates agreed to by the Parish & East India Company. 

New warehou.se 1080 

Rest of AVarehouse- 884 

^1964 



232 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

1709, December 9. Ordered that therebe a New Benefactors Table made, y^ old 

one being full and y" Henry Long Clarke do provid it. 

1 7 10, May 24. A new Benefactors Table made and erected in som convenient 

place of the Church at the direction of the Minister and Church Wardens. 

1 7 13, April 6. .\greed that Coll. James Porten be chosen one of y' Gen' of y= 
Vestry. Agreed that John Eyles Esqr be chosen one of y^ Gen' of y= Vestry. 
Three bearers (written Barer) were chosen forth, fifth, sixth. 

November 16. A five Q" Rate made for defraying expenses of beautifying & 
repairing the Church & Chanfsell. 

In the City of London according to custom, Parishioners repair 
the Chancel. 

1 7 16, April 21. Henry Wood chosen Beadle — his Salary ;^6 a year and a Great 
Coate once in two years, and halfe a crown instead of a cap. 

1727, April II. A new pulpit & gallery to be erected by subscription. The Vestry 
gives leave and desires the Rector and Mr. Samuel Curson to assist 
Mr. Churchman .... as to collecting the moneys subscribe' and 
to be subscribed and in the applicat" thereof. 

Here is a curious entry illustrative of a definition of gratitude : — 

1745, June 26. Thanks to Mr. John Northcote for his good offices to the Parish 
in his Churchwardenship and for his future good offices he may do 
the Parish hereafter. 

1761, January 15. Resolved that ^800 be asked of the City for all our estates 

at the end of and in the Gunpowder Alley, Crutched Friars. 
March 23. The City no right to purchase nor the Parish to sell. 
1774. Two warming Machines (Buzaglo's stoves) placed in two Pews, expense 

;!^65 . 4 . o. Voluntary Subscription. 
1794, May 6. That the Monument of Sir Andrew Riccard Donor of the Living of 

this Parish be removed to a more conspicuous place in the church, and 

immediately put into execution. 

1800, May I. Another removal of the statue ordered. 

18 1 3, February 18. Resolved to petition H. of Lords and Commons against the 
claims of Roman Catholics to unlimited admission not only to Offices of 
High Trust & Power but even unto the Legislature itself 



THE ACCOUNT AND MINUTE BOOKS. 233 

1814, March i. M' Goodhall (Ch. Warden) reported that the Rector had agreed to 
accept ;^io for reads the Prayers at the Thursday Lectures.— It was ordered 
that the s'* sum be p''. 

1816, October 31. During the 6 winter months the Lecture ordered (the Rector 
consenting) to be at 6 o'clock instead of 3. There were 29 for the change 
and 3 against. It was from the i^' Sunday in Nov. till the last Sunday in 
April next ensuing. 



POOR RATE BOOKS (IN PAPER COVERS), BEGINNING WITH THE YEAR 1647. 

There is an interesting collection of Poor Rate Books, many of 
them in duplicate, the first dated 1647, the last 1700. They are missing, 
however, for the following years: — 1648, 1649, 1650, 1654, 1655, 1657, 
1659, 1660, and 1661 ; the five years, 1665 to 1669 inclusive; three years, 
1672 to 1674 inclusive; and 1678, 1690, 1692, 1695, ^nd 1698. 

The first is from the feast of Ester (sic) 1647 to y' said feast 1648. 
Several are not rated, as being "poore" or "very poore" ; others, "house 
voyd"; and one "a house fallen down to y° grounde." Lady Savage's house 
is not assessed, being converted into an " almeshouse or rather a stable." 
There were sixty-two " asseisments " at }4d. per week; only one at i2d. ; 
Andrew Riccard, and four or five others at 6d. The whole "asseisment" 
amounts to £16 2s. lyid. quarterly; yearly £6/^ 'is. 6d. The "disburse- 
ments" amount to £1^ 2s. 6d. quarterly; yearly ^56 lOi'. o^. "Likewise 
paid to y" poore of y" parish of Buttolph's without bishopsgate yssueinge 
out of y" s"* asseisement yearely — £6 55. od." 

At the end of this book, the assessment is said to be " by virtue of a 
Warrante beareing date June y" ffifteenth 1647 under the hands of y^ right 
Honor'''' Sir Jo. Geare' knight L'' Maior & Alderman of Allgate= 
Ward & Thomas Andrewes alderman of Tower Ward." Then follow 
Edward Goodinough and Thomas Teverill, churchwardens, and four others. 

' Sir John Gayer left by will 1648, ;£'200, that on October i6th in every year a Sermon (the Lion Sermon) 
might be preached in St. Katharine Cree "in memory of his deliverance from the paws of a Lion in Arabia." 

^In 167s, described as Aldgate and Aldegate. 

mi 



^34 "THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

In 1651. The yearlie assessment is £,()2 . 06 . 6; To the poore of Buttolph's ;Q\o . 00 . 00. 

1652. There are payments to 5 children "left in y^ pishe" three of whom are named 

Olave Hart, Eliz. Harte, and Marke Lane, respectively. 

Sir Jo" Wolstenholme's (house voyd) assessment 13^'. per quarter. 
M' Andrewe Riccard, Sheriffe, iij-. 7^. per quarter. 

1653. Andrewe Riccard is Aide' [Alderman] : William Garfeild (whose name appears 

with W"" Arnold's on the largest Bell) assessed li-. 5^. per quarter. 

Lord Savage's house " voyd." 

Roberta Hart added to the list of foundlings ; the cost varies from 
;^i . 12 . 6 quarterly for Mark Lane, to ^1.6.0 for Eliz. Harte. 

1656. A foundling in y"= pish not yett named. j£,\ ,12.6 

ffryer Chayne (mortuus). ^i .10.4 

1656. The Commissioners for the Navye [mentioned for the first time in the 
assessment] p'' quarter ^\ \os. od. 

1662. Sir John Harrison [the father of Lady Fanshawe] per quarter o . 10 . o. 



THE NAMES OF CHILDEREN MAYNTAYNED BY THE PARISH. 



1658. Widd : Thornton in bedlame 

Mary marke clothes and all 

Amy Rilley with widow gouldings 

Elizabeth Navy with Day Clothes, &c. 

Richard Navy with goody 

henry Jux with goody bently 
Aded Edmon Rogers with Wido : grose 

Olive harte Clothes & all 

Sarah fryer Clothes & all 

John harte Clothes & all 
Aded Seisly Seethinge Clothes & all 

To be p"* quarterly somm 

Elizabeth Navye and Richard Navye occur among the names of 
children left in the parish. 

In 1663 Richard Navye w"' Goodde Osborn at £,\ %s. 6d. per quarter, and Marke 
Lane w' Gooddy Corner at jQi 10s. od. 



£ 


s. 


d. 


— 


19 


06 


I 


IS 


— 


— 


19 


06 


-I 


IS 


— 


-I 


IS 


— 


-I 


OS 


06 


— 


13 


— 


-I 


17 


— 


-I 


15 


— 


-I 


IS 


— 


-I 


15 


— 


-16 


04 


06 



THE ACCOUNT AND MINUTE BOOKS. 235 

1670. Costom house assessed at 10s., and Alex' Milbourne [in 1682 an overseer; 
he was of the same family as the founder of the Almshouses in Coopers' 
Row, see p. 292], at is. c)d. 

1675. The Lady Riccard (in the room of Sir Andrew) 13^. per quarter. [Appears 
for the last time in 1683. In 1683 at gj-.] 

Near the end of the book is a memorandum as to the appointment 
by " Sir John Robinson Knight & Barr" & S' Thomas Allen Knight & 
Barr" " of Rich*^ Midleton and William Beake to be overseers and collectors 
for the poor of St. Olave Hart Street. Signed and sealed 12th June, 1675. 
Lord Brouncker's name appears, "Assessment los. per quarter." William, 
Lord Viscount Brouncker, the first president of the Royal Society after the 
granting of the Charter, joint Comptroller of the Navy with Sir W. Pen, 
is often mentioned in Pepys's Diary. In this year payments to nurses 
(Dickinson and thirteen others) fill several pages, and an item "paid the 
penshonrs." Total payments to nurses £i2)2> i.S-f- O'^- 

1677. In this year's account the residences of the nurses are given, viz., at Enfeild, 
West Ham, Hodgsden (? Hoxton), Edmonton, the Strand, and Southwarke. 

1679. An assessment is made with ye consent of the two aldermen "By Sir Rob' 
Knightley, Sir John Leithulier [and others] being subsidy men and substantial 
housekeep'' in y= pish of" S. O. H. together with the churchwardens. 

1 68 1. The Great Backhouse is assessed at ?,s. per quarter. 

Aldermen Beckford and Chapman appoint the collectors. 

1682. Dan" Milles 6d. per quarter, but James Hadley the parish clerk is exempt. 

1684. Mad'"^ Bland for that which was the Navye Office [in Mark Lane, see chapter 
xvii, p. 295] iT,s. 4d. 

1688. The Navy Office [in Crutched Friars and Seething Lane, see chapter xvii, 

p. 293], is assessed at £5 per quarter. 

There is a memorandum : — 

1689. An Asessm' made. . . By us whose names are hereunto subscribed Dated the 

xxij June 1689, "In respect of great Arreares and Extraordinary Charges 
upon y= parish Its found nessessary that y^ poore booke be rated at six q"= 
paiments to be paide in foure qrtely paym'=- 

HH ? 



236 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

There are no names subscribed to this memorandum. 

Mr. Allen is assessed at 3^-. per quarter, Mr. Allen the coffie man 3;-. 9^. 
In 1 69 1 there is a slight reduction, Mr. Allen 2S. 6d., Mr. Allen coffe 
house 3^. 6d. Mr. Hogflesh in the same year n^. 

1696. The Navy Office is assessed at ^5 per quarter. 

1697. At the end of the book eight receipts are signed by nurses with their mark: one 

receipt is for nursing and schoohng for one child per quarter £1 i^s. od. ; 
another for two children, nursing £2 12s. od. ; scooling & clothes 14.?.; 
total ;^3 6s. od. A great reduction on taking the charge of two children ; 
the schooling was probably as good as the nurses could give. 

1699. The names of persons assessed and the amounts are given, but not the 
disbursements. Sir Clowsly Shovell appears in this list, and Sir Wm. 
Gore, each assessed at 12s. 6d., a much higher amount than the rest of 
the parishioners. 

A REGISTER OF DEEDS RELATING TO THE PARISH ESTATES. 

The Parish does not possess any very ancient documents relating 
to parish estates, but there are copies of early records preserved in a Register 
Book, begun in 1739, for entering the deeds and writings of the estates left 
to St. Olave's. The earliest, 34 Henry VI, 1456, is a Deed of Gift, in Latin 
and in English, of two messuages at Sydenham, "to be holden of the Cheife 
Lord or Lords of the fee, for the rents and services therefore, of right due 
and accustomed." The next relates to Walter Hull's benefaction, and is 
followed by several Indentures, from October 4th, 1560, with just the 
heading in Latin, but set forth at length in English. The Parish was, it 
seems, in danger of losing Hull's bequest, for his will was disputed by one 
Thomas Goddard, who produced a later will, as he alleged, and there is a 
long petition, the last document under the head of Hull's charities, from 
the Rector (Dr. Mills) and Churchwardens, no date, to Edward, Earl of 
Clarendon, Lord High Chancellor, to confirm the charitable bequests to 
the parish. The testamentary provisions were declared valid. In a lease, 
1755, September 22nd, the messuage at Perry Slough (now Perry Vale) 
is stated to have been formerly called "by the name or signe of Jack 
at Robins." 



THE ACCOUNT AND MINUTE BOOKS. 237 

Many of the Parish Deeds relate to the less important charities, 
such as those of Margaret Dean, Benjamin Smith, Richard Evans, etc., and 
there are many fohos filled with indentures and copies of wills in reference 
to William Thornbury's conveyance of five shops on the north side of 
St. Olave's Church, built immediately after the Great Fire. His will was 
proved 16 17-18. — P.C.C. 

Under an indenture, March 21st, 1666, one moiety of the rents 
was to apprentice poor children, one moiety to buy coals for the poor 
in winter, and there was a proviso for the estate vesting in the testator's 
heirs, etc., if the trusts were not carried out. I am unable to trace the 
further history of this trust ; as a matter of fact, Thornbury's name does 
not appear in the List of Benefactors to the Parish. 

Next after Thornbury, at the top of page 57, is " Seithing Lane," 
and there are copies of many indentures, the earliest, April ist, 1544, 
36 Henry VHI, referring to two messuages in that lane, and forming 
part of the Baynham Charity. In a lease of one of these messuages, 
August 7th, 1616, 14 James I, occurs an interesting inventory carefully 
describing the glass (glass windows), from which I give the following 
extract : — 

"In the upper chamber next the street. Item, one fair glass window 
whole and unbroken containing ffour panes and a half of glass in the 
upper story, and so many below, one door serving to the said chamber." 
And so on, through the house, e.g., "in the upper chamber next the yard ; 
in the lower chamber next the street ; in the lower chamber next the 
yard." In the kitchen there is a minute description of the windows and 
the number of long panes, and little panes, etc. 

It should also be noticed that there are copies of an Indenture 
Tripartite, June i6th, 1572, 14 Queen Elizabeth, in which Mary Baynham 
conveys in trust five messuages to four inhabitants of Allhallows' Staining 
and St. Olave's Hart Street to pay the rents and profits to her in her 
lifetime, and afterwards with some specific bequests one moiety to the poor 
of each parish. 



238 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFB'S HART STREET. 



There are several Deeds and Writings relating to the Hospital 
in this parish, founded by Viscount Sudbury (Lord Bayning), The follow- 
ing extract from this register is interesting : — 



Lord Bayning (the ffather) 
£, [died 29 July 1629.] 
2000 ffunerall. 


Lord Bayning 
[died in i 
ffuneral charges 


fthe 
638.] 


Son 


1 

£ 
2000 


3500 


Alms. 


his Wife 






30000 


100 
5° 


Christ. 
Barthol. 


his Daughter - 

his Mother 






20000 
50G0 


50 


St. Thomas. 


4 Sisters 






8000 


30 
20 


Bridewell. 
Bethlem. 


his Bro. Newarks Debt 
his Bro. Dottors Debt 




1 


1000 


100 


Prisoners. 


Almshouse 






3500 


20 


Bently. 


his Grandmo'' Glemham - 






300 


10 


Manningtree. 


Sir Tho= Glemham 






2000 


5 


Dedham. 


Doctor Glemham 






200 


S 

1000 
15000 


Stoke. 

Hart Street. 

his wife with her Plate and Jewells. 

I 


M" Cressy 
Jno Stone 

Phill. Russell 




■1 


200 

20 

400 

200 


12000 
7500 1 


> Daughters Portions. 


Jane Gose - 
Ro. Haiward- 






100 

5° 


7500 
300 
100 


Wastells Children. 

To his ffriends and Servants. 


Geor. Pike 
Ric'' Simonds 




-1 


5° 
60 
40 




A ^ of his Lands to his Executors 
untill his Son should come at age 
with Money Stock and Goods 
with the Rents and Revenues of 


other Servants 
2 Sisters 
St Paul's 
Oxford - 






130 

4000 

200 

300 


300 


his Lands and Tenements &c. 
fifour Books to be kept. Purchase 
of the Wardship. 


Christs Hospital 
Bartholomews Hospital 
Thomas Hospital 
Bridewell 






100 
5° 
5° 
5° 


1000 




Bethlehem 






20 


100 


To his fifriends and Servants. 


Prisoners 

To Several Parishes 






150 
60 



50690 



7833° 




THE ADVOWSON. CITY TITHES. 



CHAPTER XIV. 

The advowson of the benefice of St. Olave^s. Names of former owners: Lady de Nevyll, 
Richard Cely, Lord Windsor, Sir Andrew Rtccard. Sir Andrew's gift of the 
advowson to the parish — now in the hands of Nine Trustees elected by the Vestry. 
Erection and endowment of St. Olave's, Mile End New Town., in iSjS. Explanation 
regarding the error "the Rectory of Si. Olave Hart Street with St. Nicholas ad 
Macellas." City Tithes : in 1228, a charge of Js. 4d. in the £1 on the rental of houses, 
shops, etc. ; in 1546, jy Henry VIII, a charge of 2s. gd. in the £l. Till 1794, the 
tithes of St. Olave'' s were under £300 a year. At the beginning of the present century. 
Dr. Butts Owen applied more strictly the provisions of j'/ Henry VIII. This matter 
definitely settled by the London ( City) Tithes Act, 1864. 

,LTHOUGH we have a notice of a Parish Church in 1303, 
the earliest patron of whom we have any knowledge is Dame 
Margaret de Nevyll, who made three presentations to St. 
Olave's, in 1321, 1326, and 1332 respectively, and the 
patronage continued for a time in the same family. Alice de Nevyll, 
who presented Claypole in 1389, and Somerhill in 1391, appears to have 
been the wife of John de Nevill, who, according to Burke's " Extinct 
Peerage," was summoned to Parliament as Baron Neville [Nevyll] of Essex, 
from 22nd January, 1336, to loth March, 1349. At the time of his death, 
in 1358, he was owner of two parts of the Manors of Great and Little 
Wakering, Essex, and also, jointly with his wife Alice, of several other 
Manors. We learn, from Morant, of her death in 1394, which more than 
covers the date of her connection with the advowson of the benefice of St. 
Olave. Afterwards the Advowson belonged "to others," whom, Newcourt 
says, " I have not found, and many years after them to be in Richard Cely, 




240 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

whom I take to be one of the builders of the church, and in his heirs 
female for near four-score years ; and after that, in the noble family of 
Windsor for near four-score years more." In 1633' Lord Windsor presented 
Abraham Hayne, who was admitted Rector, December 7th, in that year. 
Newcourt mentions Daniel Mills as the next Rector, admitted 1657, April 
17th, in "the late times of usurpation by Commissioners for approving 
Publick Preachers," but at whose presentation Newcourt could not say. 
Before the date of Mills's admission, the Advowson had been purchased by 
Sir Andrew Riccard, and as appears by an Indenture made 1655, June 20 
(Close Roll, 10 Geo. I, 1723, part iii b, Riccard et Tivell), Sir Andrew 
gave it in Trust to five inhabitant householders of the parish. 

The first Trustees were the said Andrew Riccard, Moses Goodyeare, 
Richard Ford, William Thornbury, and William Harrington. The rights of 
patronage were left untouched by Cromwell's Board of Tryers, and Daniel 
Mills was presented by the above mentioned Trustees. Lambeth MS., 
gg8, fol. 10. 

Newcourt gives the names of the three Trustees, who presented, in 
1689, Thos. Copping, Mills's successor, viz., R. Knightly, miles, Tho. Gray, 
and Joh. Bear, Gen. plen. jtir. 

The Trustees have exercised their privileges as patrons ever since, with 
one exception, viz., in 1857, when they were unable to agree in nominating 
the same clergyman, and the presentation for that turn lapsed to the Bishop 
of London, Dr. Tait, who, passing over the three nominations severally made 
by the three Trustees, collated David Laing. On the living again becoming 
vacant in i860, the patrons were the same as in 1857, and on this occasion 
they agreed to present one of the former nominees, and on their 
presentation I was accordingly admitted by the Bishop of London on 27th 
December, i860. 

In 1870, in accordance with the provisions of Lady Slaney's Trust 
Estate Act, 1869, a scheme was framed for the union of Allhallows' Staining 
with St. Olave's, and confirmed by an order of Her Majesty in Council, 

'In this year Lord Windsor sold to Edward, Earl of Dorset, K.G., two parts out of three parts of the 
Advowson for ;^200. [See copy Indenture, 14th December, 1633, 9 Charles I, in "The Register Booke for the 
entring of all the Deeds," etc., fol. 68.) 



THE ADVOWSON. 241 

dated March 31st, 1870. From this date the Trustees of the Advowson 
of St. Olave Hart Street became the patrons of the United Rectory of 
St. Olave Hart Street and Allhallows Staining. 

Under another scheme, in accordance with the London (City) Tithes 
Act, 1864, and by an Order of Her Majesty in Council, April 22nd, 1872, 
provision was made for the erection and endowment (^600 per annum) 
of a church in the Parish of All Saints, Mile End New Town. 

The new Church called St. Olave,' after what may be termed the 
parent Church, was consecrated April 23rd, 1875, by the Bishop of London, 
Dr. John Jackson, who preached from St. John vi, ^']. The Rector, 
who was the first patron, nominated the curate of St. Olave Hart Street, 
the Rev. Richard Eling Green, as the first incumbent.^ 

The Trust as created by Sir Andrew Riccard, continued in force 
until I St April, 1879, when, under a scheme of the Charity Commis- 
sioners, it was ordered that the Trustees should be nine in number, and 
instead of being self-elected, vacancies should be filled up at a General 
Vestry ; residence in the parish of St. Olave Hart Street no longer to be a 
necessary condition of trusteeship, and future presentations to be made by a 
majority instead of all being obliged to concur. ^ 

At this point it may be well to explain why no allusion has been 
made to "St. Nicholas ad Macellas." The benefice was for many years 
described as the Rectory of St. Olave Hart Street with St. Nicholas ad 
Macellas, and to the benefice, so described, I was myself admitted, Decem- 
ber 27th, i860. Indeed, on my adm^ission. Queen Anne's Bounty Office 
made a claim, in respect of St. Nicholas, for First-fruits (;^23 ']s. 6d.) and 
Tenths {£2 6s. gd.), the amounts in the "Valor Ecclesiasticus." An 
objection, however, was raised, and the claim was not pressed. 

I do not believe that the two parishes were ever united, and for 
this reason : — 

Stow tells us : " Then was there [in Farringdon Ward Within] a 
proper parish church of St. Nicholas, whereof the flesh market took the 

' Mr. (now .^ir) Arthur Blomfield was Ihe architect and Adamson, of Putney, the builders. 
^ The present Vicar is the Rev. Walter Bourchier, by exchange, instituted April 29th, 1886. 
' London (City) Tithes Act, 1864, and Schemes relating to the Advowson are given in the Appendix. 

I I 



242 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVES HART STREET. 

name, and was called St. Nicholas Shambles. This church, with the tenements 
and ornaments, was by Henry VIII given to the Mayor and Commonalty 
of the City, towards the maintenance of the new Parish Church then to 
be erected in the late dissolved Church of the Grey Friars ; so was the 
Church dissolved and pulled down." — [Stow, p. ii8.] 

It is difficult to understand how a benefice, which was in Farringdon' 
Ward Within, could have been united with the parish of St. Olave Hart 
Street, in the Ward of Tower, which is in quite another part of the City. 
That the two parishes were so represented is certain ; but owing, I believe, 
to a clerical error, which is easily traceable. In the Liber Valorum, Ecton, 
1754, we have the first intimation of their union, not, it will be noticed, 
under the form St. Olave Hart Street cum St. Nicholas ad Macellas, but as 
St. Nicholas ad Macellas cum St. Olave Hart Street. In an earlier edition, 
however, of the Liber Valorum, Ecton, 1723, the two parishes are given 
separately, in their alphabetical order, St. Nicholas first, then St. Olave. 
The error, therefore, seems to have arisen from the unauthorised insertion of 
"cum" in the later edition of Liber Valorum, 1754, and to have been 
repeated in the Liber Regis, Bacon, 1786, and subsequently. It was not, 
however, till 1837 that the error appeared in the Letters of Institution 
of the Rev. John Letts admitting him to the Rectory of St. Olave Hart 
Street with the Rectory of St. Nicholas ad Macellas, to which supposed 
united Rectories the two succeeding rectors have also been admitted. All 
rectors prior to Mr. Letts were instituted to the Rectory of the parish 
of St. Olave solely. The London Diocese Book, till 1893, perpetuated the 
error of inserting " St. Nicholas ad Macellas"; in that year's issue it omitted 
the name St. Nicholas, and gave the correct designation of the benefice, as 
the United Rectory of St. Olave Hart Street and Allhallows Staining. 

CITY TITHES. 

In connection with the Advowson, it is fitting that something be 
said of the endowments of the benefice. The principal source of the 
endowments is what are called tithes, variable till 1864, but fixed then 
by Act of Parliament. 



CfTY TITHES. 243 

The payment called "tithes," has in London and in many towns 
long been a charge upon houses, etc., for the benefit, and the support 
of the clergy, and originally seems to have been regulated with reference 
to the Sundays and Holy Days ; the amount varied, and there were 
from time to time complaints on the part of the citizens with reference 
to the number of Holy Days that were to be regarded as "days of 
obligation." In 1228 [Henry HI], Roger le Noir [Roger Niger], Bishop 
of London, made an order that " the citizens should pay of every 
pound's rent by the year, of all houses, shops, &c., the sum of 3^'. /^d., 
as time out of mind had been paid."' How long this order was in 
force is not known, but the statutable right of the City Rectors, where the 
parish church was not destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666, to their tithes, 
dates from the thirty-seventh year of Henry VI H (1546). The substance 
of the preamble of the Act 2>7 Henry VIII, is that "of late time contention, 
strife, and variance hath risen and grown within the City of London and the 
Liberties of the same, between the Parsons, Vicars, and Curates of the said 
City, and the citizens and inhabitants of the same for and concerning the 
payment of Tithes, Oblations and other Duties; For appeasing whereof, a 
certain Order and Decree had been made by Thomas [Cranmer], Archbishop 
of Canterbury" and others, and this Decree received Parliamentary sanction 
in the twenty-seventh year of Henry VIII (a.d. 1536), as and from Easter, 
A.D. 1535, and the payments ordered were to remain in force till any 
other Order should be made by the King's Highness, and the thirty-two 
Persons to be named by the Archbishop. It further appears from the 
preamble, that since the aforesaid Act of 1536, "divers variances, contentions 
and strifes are newly risen" between the clergy and the citizens, and that both 
parties agree to be bound by any Order and Decree which should be made 
by Archbishop Cranmer and certain Lords and Knights, whose names are 
set forth. And then follows the enactment that such Order and Direction as 
shall be made before ist day of March ensuing, by the forenamed Arch- 
bishop, Lords and Knights, or any six of them, and enrolled in the King's 
High Court of Chancery of Record, should be binding upon all citizens, 
etc., for the time being, and the parsons and their successors for ever. 

' Vide Hook's "Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury," vol. vi, new series, pp. 257-8, referred to in 
Dr. Cox's "Annals of St. Helen's, Bishopsgate," p. 46. 

I I 2 



244 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET, 

By the Decree of 24th February, 1546, made law by 37 Henry VIII, 
cap. 12, the payment of 2s. gd. in the pound was enjoined. "And of 
every xx'- rent by the year of all and every such house and houses, shops, 
warehouses, cellars and stables, and every of them within the said City 
and Liberties — ij"- and ix"^"' It must be here observed that there are 
divers exceptions, all with a view of lightening the burden upon citizens. 

There are some words in the preamble which strangely contrast with 
what is known of the way in which the Decree worked in after times. It 
was to be enrolled, and to be as an Act of Parliament "to the intent to have 
a full Peace and perfect End between the said parties." 

In the Decree, the ugly phrase frequently occurs "without Fraud 
or Covin," and there are evident attempts at preventing evasions by means 
of fines, and reduction or remission of rent. The Act, however, preceded by 
a few years the Poor Laws of Queen Elizabeth's reign; it made the Parson 
the assessor, and the only remedy it provided was committal to prison of the 
defaulting tithe-payer, by command of the Lord Mayor, or in his default or 
negligence, by the Lord Chancellor of England. Still there was less friction 
in former than in later years. 

Solvitur amhilando was probably the principle upon which the parties 
proceeded. The clergy and their parishioners must contrive to live in 
tolerable harmony, and claims had to be abated, where to press them would 
have provoked alienation of friendship, and even to be foregone altogether 
in the case of the very poor householder. Moreover the exemption of "the 
houses of great men or noble men or noble women, and halls, or crafts, or 
companies, kept in their own hands and unletten," and the abatement of the 
third penny on dyehouses and brewhouses, etc., demised, and on every 
"principal house with key [quay] or wharf having any crane," and the 
legal validity of modus, would tend to reduce the parson's income. At 
any rate, in St. Olave's, we have evidence that, until about the close 
of the last century, the amount raised from tithes was less than ^^300 
per annum. In an "Account of Tithes," in the handwriting of H. Butts 
Owen, D.D., Rector, which he bequeathed to his successors, there is this 

' " The Statutes at Large," vol. v, p. 229. 



CITY TITHES. 245 

memorandum on the first page : — " I was admitted to the Rectory on the 
25th of April, 1794. I had been Curate of the Parish from Midsummer, 
1786 : my Father was then Rector and had possessed the Hving from the 
22nd of April, 1760: during his Incumbency the Rectory only produced 
from ^270 to ^290 per annum." 

Still, the Incumbent possessed the power of raising the value of the 
Living, under 2)7 Henry VIII, and Owen, the son, was not disposed to be 
content with the sum which his father had received. At first his claim 
was for a moderate increase, and it was frequently conceded ; when it 
was resisted, and the law was appealed to, upon judgment being given 
in the rector's favour, his claim to an increased tithe, but much below 
2^. gd. upon the rental, was generally accepted, and, by degrees, St. Olave's 
became one of the most valuable livings in the diocese of London. The 
gain, however, was not without serious mischief, for the tithe question 
became a constant source of irritation between the rector and his 
parishioners. In this dispute it would be unbecoming in me to blame 
either of the parties ; the rector might fairly consider himself entitled to 
some increase in the tithe, having regard to the largely increased value of 
City property, and it was a fair case for compromise and settlement. The 
legislature in 1804, i.e., ten years after the admission of H. B. Owen to 
the rectory of St. Olave Hart Street, re-arranged the tithe payable to incum- 
bents which had been fixed by Act 22 and 23 Charles II, in those City 
parishes where the church had been damaged or destroyed by the Great 
Fire ; "- largely increasing, in some cases doubling, the amount of tithe 
to be levied. It left the incumbents and parishioners of the other 
City parishes to settle the tithe question as best they could under 37 Henry 
VIII. The Vestry minutes of St. Olave's during a number of years 
offer sad proof of the strained relations, to use a modern phrase, 
between the Rector and his parishioners. 

Vestry minutes illustrate the attempts made by the Common Council 

' On the 1st September, 1666, there were 97 churches within the walls of London. 84 were burnt down 
in the Great Fire ; 13 were unburnt. Two of the 16 churches without the walls of London were burnt. — Strype, 
book V, chapter i, p. 15. Of the London churches that escaped the fire, eight are still standing, as mentioned in 
chapter ii, p. 13. After the Great Fire, 35 of the burnt parish churches were not rebuilt. The number of City 
churches is now (1894) 56. 



246 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

and by the parishes to obtain a repeal of the Act, t^'] Henry VIII. A 
few extracts will here be given : — 

1816, Dec. 3. The Vestry was called in pursuance of a Requisition to consider 
the propriety of signing a petition to H. of Commons against the present 
Tythe Laws as passed in the reign of Henry 8th. 
Rector in the Chair. Present, the Churchwarden & 8 others. 
For the Motion 4 

Against it 3 

Majority I 

1822, Nov. 21. A Special Committee of the Court of Common Council had been 
appointed to obtain the co-operation of the Parishes liable to Tythes 
at 2S. gd. in endeavouring to obtain a repeal of Statute 37 Henry 8* and an 
improvement in the mode of assessing Tythes in London. The Committee 
request the Churchwardens of St. Olave's to meet them at Guildhall Wed^ 
Nov : 27, 1822. Resolif^ that the Churchwardens be requested to meet 
the Special Com"^' and to report to a future Vestry. 

1822, Dec. 5. The Church Wardens bring up their report of the meeting at 

Guildhall. The Chairman at that meeting said the Committee disavowed 
any hostility to the Clergy ; it was desired that the Clergy should concur 
in the application to Parliament. The final result of the conference was 
an adjournment till the i2''> inst : when the Parties were requested to obtain 
the more positive determination of the Parishioners they represented as to 
a joint application to Parliament, [t was moved that no further proceedings 
be had at present. But an amendment was moved & carried (by 13 to 4) 
that the Churchwardens express the readiness of this Parish to co-operate 
with the Common Council in an application to Parliament. 

1823, Ap' 2. Church Wardens reported that a General Meeting of the Parishes 

subject to 37 Henry VHI had been holden at the Mansion House & it had 
been resolved to present a Petition to the Legislature, but no further 
proceedings had taken place. 

1824, Dec. 2"d A letter was read from the Town Clerk, enclosing a printed 

statement of the reasons which had been laid before the Special (Tithes) 
Committee of the Corporation, as a ground for the union of the several 
Parishes, in a joint application to Parliament for the Repeal or alteration 
of the Statute. Several Resolutions were passed with thanks to the 
Corporation for their liberal support and for the invitation to attend at 
Guildhall, Dec' ro"' next. A Committee is appointed to attend this 
Committee, and to confer with the Rector and the Trustees of the 
Advowson, with a view to an Act to be passed repealing all former Acts 
& effecting an arrangement, liberal to the Rector & mutually advantageous 



CITY TITHES. 247 

1825, Jan. 4. The Vestry approves the Report of the Tithe Committee, & orders 
it to be printed & circulated in the Parish, & gives it ample powers to carry 
the substance of the Report into effect. It recommends a general 
application by the parishes affected. 

Ap. 25. To consider a communication from the Tythe Committee of Con- 
ferences had with the Bishop of London, & M' Secretary Peel regarding the 
Bill now before Parliament for regulating the Tythes of this Parish. 

1825. The Tythe Com: report — The Bill has been read a first time. 

1S25, June 16. The Second reading was agreed to (55 to 36) on an understanding 
that the full amount of Tithe now received by the present Incumbent sh'^ 
be secured to him. The Stipend for future Rectors to be arranged by the 
Committee upon the Bill. The Bill however proceeded no further. 

1826, Jan. 26. The Committee recommended delaying to go to Parliament till all 

the consents are got, but to petition year by year against the present system. 

It is pleasant, however, to find, after much controversy upon the 
tithe question, an amicable feeling existing between the parishioners and 
their Rector, as shown in the following minute of a Vestry held, 
January 24th, 1828 : — 

" Resolved in consequence of the conciliatory conduct of D' Owen, the able and 
efficient manner in which he discharges the clerical duties, together with 
his advanced age, the petitions to Parliament be not presented." 

For thirty-six years the commutation was postponed, and it was 
reserved for a parishioner of St. Olave's, James Innes, Esq. (High Sheriff 
in 1893 of the County of Sussex), in the year 1863, to initiate, and in 1864 
to see accomplished, a scheme which received legal sanction for settling the 
tithe question in St. Olave's and five other parishes, and for enabling, with 
certain consents, the parish of Allhallows Staining and four other parishes 
to make similar arrangements. 

There were several circumstances which contributed to facilitate a 
compromise. On the one hand, the tithe-payer knew that the re-assessment 
of the City, which was imminent, would show an enormous increase in the 
rateable value of property, and might very likely lead to further demands 
from the tithe-owner. On the other hand, the Incumbent felt that if he 
yielded to the not unnatural temptation to raise the value of his benefice, it 
would be at the cost of good feeling, and of moral and spiritual influence. 



248 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

Not the least important element in bringing about a settlement was the 
strong view entertained by the Bishop of London, Dr. Tait, as to the 
wisdom of removing a difficulty which was fatal to all harmony between a 
clergyman and his parishioners. It was apparent, too, that the conversion 
of residential into office property, tending to diminish the work of the 
clergyman, while it increased' his emoluments, and the fact that already 
poorer benefices in other parts of the diocese were being augmented at the 
expense of certain City parishes, constituted a claim on the part of such 
parishes to have the extent of their obligations ascertained once for all. 
And further, it was perceived that, notwithstanding the growing value of 
City property, if the amount of tithe were fixed, the tithe-payer would be 
liable to no additional charge. 

One fact may be mentioned in confirmation of what has been stated 
as to the prospective rise in the assessment. At the Easter Vestry, 1864, 
the rateable value of St. Olave's, Hart Street, was stated to be ^18,665 105-., 
less empties, &c., ^^538 — net value ^18,127 \os. od. At a Vestry held 
November 29th, 1866, the Poor Rate was made at \d. in the pound on 
the new assessment, net .1^52,554. 

The advantage, however, from a financial point of view, was not 
wholly on the side of the Parish. The Incumbent's income was secured to 
him independently of any reduction in the rental value of the Parish ; and 
free of all deductions except, of course. Property Tax. 

In the City Tithe Act, 1864, it will be noticed that the General Tithe 
Commutation Act, 1836, is followed, so far as the principle goes of making 
wheat, barley and oats the standard of value. This was introduced into 
the Act at the express wish of the Bishop of London, but there are 
important modifications which were adopted at the desire of the clergy. 
A copy of the Act is printed in the Appendix, and it may be allowable to 
state here, that this Act of 1 864 has worked so smoothly for thirty years as 
to reflect credit upon all who had a part in framing it. 




1 






d 



RECTORS OF ST. OLAVE'S, HART STREET. 



CHAPTER XV. 

List of the Rectors of St, 0/ave's since the year Ijig. Further details concerning some 
of these, and length of their tenure, viz : — I. John Bosard, I3g8-I404 f ; 2. Richard 
Rawson, 1510-1518 ; J. John Johnson, 1530-155^; 4. John Simpson, iSQO-idjj ; 
S. John Frost, 1655-165'j ; 6. Daniel Mills, i6sT-i68g ; J. Henry Owen, i'/6o-i'/g4 ; 
8. H. Butts Owen, 1794-183'/; g. John Letts, 1838-185/; 10. David Laing, i8s7-i86o. 



THE LIST OF NAMES TILL 1700 IS TAKEN, WITH BUT FOUR EXCEPTIONS,' FROM 

NEWCOURT'S REPERTORIUM. 





Names. 


Presented 
or Admitted. 


Cause of Vacancy. 


Patrons. 


I. 


Will, de Samford - 


was Rector in the 






II. 


Rob. de Tour 


year 1319 
5 Id. Ap., 1321 




) 


III. 


Edw. de Castleton 


iSKal. Dec, 1326 


per mort Tour 


j- Dom. Marg de Nevyll. 


IV. 


Joh. de Stratton 


4Kal. Dec, 1332 




V. 

VI. 

VII. 


Will, de Gildesburgh 
Hugo Claypole 
Will. Somerhill ' 


30 Mar., 1389 
12 Dec, 1391 - 


per mort Gildesburgh 
per resig. Claypole 


1 D. Alice de Nevyll nu- 
\ per tix. D. I de Nevyll 
( de Essex. 


vin. 

IX. 


Jo. Aston 
Joh. Bosard' 


18 Mali, 1398 - 
20 Nov., 1398- 


„ ,, Somerhill- 
,, ,, Aston 


(Joh. Luffwick, Walt 
] Rauf et alii. 


X. 


Ric. Chetyngdon '' 


was Rector in 1409 - 







' The four exceptions are Chetyngdon, Hewet, Fenton and Frost. 

'' William de Samford's name as Rector of St. Olave's appears in an agreement which he made with the 
Prior of the Brethren of the Holy Cross (Crutched Friars) in 1319, see p. 252. 

'Will. Somerhill, Vicar of Canwedon, Essex, 6th October, 1389, Rector of St. Olave's Hart Street, 12th 
December, 1391, by exchange with Claypole. 

*Joh. Bosard, Rector of Downham, Essex, became Rector of St. Olave's by exchange with Joh. 
Aston, 20th November, 1398. He had previously been Master or Warden of St. Giles's Hospital in Maldon, 
pr. 5th October, 1373. Bosard's will was proved in 1404. See pp. 54, 55. 

= Richard Chetyngdon is mentioned as Rector in 1409, Dno Rico Chetyngdon, one of the witnesses to the 
will of Jo. Stokes, 1409, December 31st. [Commissary Court, 2 Brown, fol. 17.] 

KK 



2S0 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVB'S HART STREET. 





Names. 


Presented 
or Admitted. 


Cause of Vacancy. 


Patrons. 


XI. 


Laurence Hntiet or Hemet ' 


was Rector in 1418 - 






XII. 


Joh. Deye - 


„ „ 1428 






XIII. 


Edni. Haukin 


8 Jan., 1428 


per resig. Deye 


/ Tho. Fauconer civis et 


XIV. 


Rob. Potter 


20 Junii, 1432 - 


,, ,, Haukin 


1 Aldermanus Lond. 


XV. 


Joh. Saclington 


9 Junii, 1438 


„ „ Potter 


\ Isabella, Rel. Rob. 


XVI. 


Clem. Denston, D.B, 


22 Jan., 1442 


,, ,, Sadington 


( Arnold civis Lond. 


XVII. 


Ric. Corston " - 


30 Oct., 1444 


,, ,, Denston 


XVIII. 


Rob. Gower 


II Maii, 1457 


per mort Corston 


[ Ric Cely, civis Lond. 


XIX. 


Tho. Benet, A.M. 


28 Aug., i486 - 


,, ,, Gower 


XX. 


Ric. Rawson, D.D.- 


9 Oct., 1510 


,, ,, Benet 


( Walt. Frost, arm. jure 


XXI. 


George Wilffet, A.M. 


16 Junii, 1518 - 


per resig. Rawson 


\ Anna ux. sua. 


XXII. 


Will. Chamberlain, A.M. 


24 Apr., 1528 - 


„ „ Wilffet 


1 Joh. Ketylby.j)?/ An7ice 

f filiaethcer. Ric Cely. 

Anton Coke et Elizab. 

ejus itxor, secundafilia 

et una haredum, Ric. 


XXIII. 


Joh. Johnson 


8 Aug., 1530 


,, ,, Chamberlain 










Cely defuncti. 










Will. D. Windsor, «/zn 


XXIV. 


Thos. Walpole- 


2 Dec, 1557 - 


per mort. Johnson 


- secund Turno stw pro 
hac vice. 
Id. D. Windsor, ut in 


XXV. 


Rad. Bentley 


25 Nov., 1558- 


,, ,, Walpole 


■ secundo Turno suopro 
hac ultima vice. 


XXVI. 


Tho. Hale, A.M. ' 


4 Dec, 1583 


„ ,, Bentley 


j Ric. Baker, miles, pro 
\ hac vice. 
Andreas Windsor,a/-/«. 
ratione concessionis 


XXVII. 


Joh. Sympson, A.M. 


9 Dec, 1590 


per resig. Hale 


< advocationis per Hen- 
ricum Dom Windsor, 
pro hac vice tantum. 


XXVIII. 


Abraham Hayne, A.M. ' - 


7 Dec, 1633 


per mort. Sympson 


Tho. Dom. Windsor. 


XXIX. 


Thos. Fenton 


I June, 1655 




f Andrew Riccard, Esq. 
i LambethMS.<)o^,fo.\aTi 



' Laurence Howet is mentioned as Rector in 1418, in the will of Willmus Wyngefeld, armiger, of County 
Suffolk, who appoints Laurence Howet Rector of the church of St. Slave in Mart Lane one of his executors. 
Laurence Hewet is named as Rector in the will of Elizabetha Keryall comorans in paroch. S. Olavi iux turrim in 

civ. Lond. She gives for tithes forgotten, &c., vj= viij"' and appoints as executors Sir John master 

of the College of Cobham, and Sir Laurence Hewet. Both wills, P.C.C, 43, March. See also the will of 
Laurence Hewete, rector, dated 19th August, prob. 4 Id. September, 1427. "He directs his body to be 
buried here" [in St. Olave's church] ex dextra pte altaris ubi quidm miles jacet humatus. " Quidm miles" 
probably refers to Sir Hamond Vaughan, Knight, see p. 63. 

^ Joh. Deye resigned Broxbourne, and was admitted to rectory of Sheering, Essex, in 1396 ; was rector of St. 
Bartholomew by the Exchange, 1399-1410; Chesterford Magna, 1426-1438; St. Olave Hart Street, I427?-I428. 

' Richard Corston to be buried in this Church. See will dated 5th April, 1457. 

■■Tho. Hale, rector of Beaumont, Essex, 14th August, 1591, per mort. Harrison, resigned 1599; vicar of 
Tolleshunt d'Arcy, loth January, 1633, per mort. Honnake, and still vicar when the Terrier was given in 1637. 

"Abraham Hayne was, for his loyalty in the late Rebellion of 1642, ejected by sequestration. Merc. Rust. 
256. Newcourt refers to Mercurius Rusticus, issued anonymously in 1685. Bruno Ryves, D.D., was the author. 
The Register indicates that Hayne was buried in the chancel of St. Olave's :--" 1650, March 29. Mr. Abraham 
Hane, y» Reverend Pastor was interred— chancell." See p. 188. On Hayne's deprivation John Carter may have 
been put in possession, as the following entry implies that a Mr. Carler was minister of St. Olave's prior to Fenton's 
appointment on 1st June, 1655:—" 1654-5, Jan. 13. John: sonne of John & Elizabeth Carter ye daughter of David 
Holland Esq-^ {his wife), was borne ye 1° of Januav, Bapt 13"' in M'- Carter's ye Minister's house." See p. 156. 



RECTORS OF ST. OLAVE'S, HART STREET. 



251 



Names. 



Presented 
or Admitted. 



Cause of Vacancy. 



Patrons. 



XXX. 



XXXI. 



XXXII. 



XXXIII. 



John Frost, B.D. 



Dan. Mills, D.D. ' 



Tho. Copping, A.M. - 



Joh. Turton " 



XXXIV. Edwd. Arrowsmith^ 



XXXV. 
XXXVI. 

XXXVII. 

XXXVIII. 
XXXIX. 



Henry Owen, M.D. 
Hy. Butts Owen, D.D. 

John Letts, B.A. 

David Laing, M.A.- 
Alfred Povah, M.A.= 



21 Sept., 1655 - 

17 April, 1657- 

I Nov., 1689 
n Oct., 1704 - 

20 Aug. , 1 720 - 

26 April, 1760- 
25 April, 1794- 

5 Jan., 1838 

20 Oct., 1857 

27 Dec, i860 - 



per mort. Frost 

,, ,, Mills 
,, „ Copping 

,, ,, Turton 

,, ,, Arrowsmith 
per resig. H. Owen ■ 

per mort. 11. B. Owen 

,, ,, Letts 
,, ,, Laing 



Andrew Riccard, Kic. 
Ford, Wm. Harring- 
ton, and Wm. Thorn- 
bury,merchants. Lam- 
beth MS. g<)6,/oI.244. 

Andrew Riccard, Moses 
Goodyeare, Rich. 
Fford, Wm. Thome- 
bury, and Wm. Har- 
rington. Lambeth 
MS. <)<)%, fol. 10. 

R. Knightly, miles, et 
Tho. Gray, et, Joli. 
Bear, gen. plen.jur. 

William Gore, miles, 
Richard Haddock, 
John Sansom, armi- 
geri, Tho. Fryer, gen. 

Thomas Fryer, John 

Hanbury, Samuel du 

Bois, Richard Boul- 

) ton, John Ludlow, 

( armigeri. 

!Thos. Dineley, Ed- 
mund Godfrey, Thos. 
Langton, George 

Wombwell, Thos. 
Flowerdewe. 
[ Quarles Harris, Joseph 
j Shrimpton, John Tra- 
I vers, Samuel Flower 
( Freeman, esquires. 
( John Wm. Burkes, 
I Henry Robinson, 
Nicholas Dennys, 
John Woodley, 

Thomas Morgan. 
The Bishop for this turn 
by lapse "collated and 
instituted." 
Joseph Turnley, Henry 
Johnson, Richard 
Williams. 



' " Was admitted to this Church in the late times of usurpation, by the Commissioners for approving of 
Public Preachers, but at whose presentation I know not." Newcourt, vol. i, p. 512. 

2 Tho. Copping is the last name in Newcourt's List. The present Registrar, Mr. Lee, has kindly enabled 
me to complete the list. 

'John Turton. Administration of goods of John Turton, S.T.P., late rector, a widower, granted i8th 
July, 1720, to his daughters, Catharine, wife of Edward Williamson, now beyond seas, and Anne Turton, spinster. 

* Edward Arrowsmith was Curate of Streatham for the Bishop of Bangor. The newspapers of the day 
assert that, upon being appointed to the Rectory of St. Olave's, he was refused admittance by the churchwardens, 
who entered a caveat against his election at Doctors' Commons ; he is, however, said by the Parish Clerks to 
have been Incumbent in 1732. The Vestry Minutes give the explanation. In 1720, July 21st, the Churchwardens 
were to supervise and inspect into the Presentation, and August 4th they made their report, and the Vestry was 
satisfied as to Rev. Mr. Edward Arrowsmith having been duly elected by the Trustees. The Churchwarden 
was directed to withdraw the caveat. Arrowsmith published Sermons preached, 1724, May 29th, from Psalm 
cxxvi, 3; 1735, the day of H. M. Accession, from Romans, xiii, I, upon "The Reasonableness and Origin of 
Governm'ent ; " 1737, January 30th, from Romans, xiv, 19; 1744, the Fast for the Spanish and French War, 
from 2nd Samuel, x, 12 ; and 1745, the Fast-day from Isaiah, xxvi, 9. See Malcolm's Lond. Rediv., vol. iv, p. 551. 

= Proceeded B.D. and D.D. by accumulation May 23rd, 1890. 

KK 2 



252 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

The first Rector of whom we have any knowledge is William de 
Samford, whose name is preserved in a document in the London Registry, 
which Is entitled " Baudake or de Baldock," the name of the Bishop of 
London in 1 306. See Newcourt, Preface, p. iv. 

"By an ancient composition made in 1319 between Will de Samford the Rector 
of this parish, and the Prior and Brethren of the Holy Cross; whose Priory was then building 
in this parish, the said Prior and Brethren were to bury any of the parishioners of this parish 
in their monastery, that desired there to be buried, and to pay Two marks and a half per 
annum to the said Rector and his successors for ever, in compensation of the damage 
that might accrue to them upon the Building of the said Priory in their Parish." Newcourt's 
Repertorium, p. 511. 

In this chapter I am obliged to restrict attention to a few names 
that seem to deserve special notice, but the reader will look in vain for 
the promotion of any of my predecessors to a bishopric. 

Of John Bosard, who was admitted in 1398, mention has been Bosard. 
already made, p. 55, and some extracts given from his will illustrative of the 
Church and its arrangements at that early period ; but it is not until the 
beginning of the sixteenth century that we meet with any rector of excep- 
tional interest. In Richard Rawson, D.D., admitted October 9th, 15 10, Rawson. 
we have a man distinguished as a theologian and canonist. Descended 
from an ancient family, seated at Water Frystone, in Yorkshire, he was the 
fourth son of Richard Rawson, merchant, of Allhallows', Barking, elected 
Alderman of Farrlngdon Without in 1475 ; Sheriff, 1476 ; Senior Warden 
of the Mercers' Company, 1483 ; and buried in St. Mary Magdalene, Milk 
Street. Richard Rawson, junior, took the degree of Bachelor of Canon 
Law in the University of Cambridge, 1490, and afterwards studied at 
Bologna, where he proceeded, it would seem. Doctor in that faculty. Cooper 
makes him, March 24th, 1504-5, Prebendary of Langford Ecclesia 
(Lincoln), and in 1509 Prebendary of Coringham in the same cathedral, and 
of Durnford (Sarum). Le Neve states, however, that John, alias Richard 
Rawston (distinguished in the index from Rd. Rawson), was collated to 
Langford Ecclesia; and Richard Rawston, LL.D., to Coringham. In 
1 5 10, October 9th, Rawson was admitted to the Rectory of St. Olave Hart 
Street, on the presentation of Walter Frost, armiger, in right of Anna his 



RECTORS OF ST. OLAFE'S, HART STREET. 253 

wife. He held this benefice till 15 18, and then resigned it. Shortly 

afterwards we find him in favour at Court, and he had the honour of 

attending Henry VIII as His Majesty's Chaplain at the Field of the 

Cloth of Gold, Calais, June, 1520. Further promotion soon followed, for, 

by patent, 1523, January 28th, he was constituted one of the Canons of 

Windsor, and, in the Parliament of 1523, by the title of Sir Richard 

Rawson, he was appointed a Receiver of Petitions for Gascony, and other 

parts beyond the seas. Some six years afterwards Rawson was one of 

the learned canonists and jurists who, in the Convocation of 1529, gave 

their opinion as to the King's divorce from Catherine of Arragon. In 

1 53 1 he held the office of Clerk of the Chancery. He was in Ireland in 

1534 with his eldest brother, Sir John Rawson, Prior of Kilmainham 

and Lord High Treasurer of Ireland, and was despatched by him in that 

year, to convey to the King tidings of the murder of Allen, Archbishop 

of Dublin. We also find him in Convocation, 1540, concurring in the 

judgment against the validity of the King's marriage with Anne of Cleves 

The exact date of his death is not ascertained, but it occurred before 

October 29th, 1543.' See Cooper's Athense Cantabrigienses, vol. i, p. 82. 

Of John Johnson I know little, except that he was admitted to Johnson. 
St. Olave's in 1530, and to the Rectory of Itchingfield, in Sussex, in 1546; 
that he held both benefices from 1546 to 1557, and remembered both his 
churches in his will, 1557, September 30th. ^ Here is a brief extract: — 
" I desire to be buried before the Highe Alter of Saincte Olyves. I will 
that on the dale of my buriall I have sixe preists and four clearkes to synge 
Dirige and masse, and the same preists to sale masse of the Trynytie, of 
the holie Ghoste, of the Assumpcon of our Ladie, and of the feaste Corporis 
Christi, and to have foure tapers burnt and sixe staf torches. Itm I give 
to the pishe Churche of Saint Olives iij' iiij'' ... Itm to the pishe Churche 
of Ichyngfeld," etc., etc. 

Passing over the next three Rectors, the name of John Simpson, Simpson. 
M.A.^ (or Sympson) occurs as deserving of mention. He was admitted on 
December 9th, 1590; and became a Prebendary of St. Paul's Cathedral 

' "On this day Mowle was collated to the archdeaconry, void by Rawson's death." See Le Neve's " Fasti." 
^ P.C.C. 35 Wrastley. ' He afterwards proceeded B.D. 



254 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVKS HART STREET. 

(Hoxton), February 22nd, 1605. I regret that so little of his life is 
known ; but, as long as Sion College exists, he will be remembered as the 
founder of the library which is coeval with it.' He was one of the executors 
of the founder of the College, Dr. Thomas White, and by its charter John 
Simpson was appointed one of the first two Deans. At his own charge, 
Simpson built a room one hundred and twenty-one feet in length, and 
twenty-five feet in breadth, over the lodgings of the almsfolk, lined it with 
wainscot, and fitted it with stalls, desks and seats ; and added for its main- 
tenance an endowment in land. Not content with providing a library for 
students, he attracted students to the library by building sets of chambers 
along the south side of the College garden. These unhappily were 
destroyed in the Great Fire, 1666. They were rebuilt, but the College 
was too poor to carry out the original intention, as in granting building 
leases, to insert clauses restricting tenants to a particular class, would 
have lowered the rental. Still, during the brief existence of those chambers 
for students, it is interesting to notice that one set was occupied by 
Thomas Fuller,^ (in the judgment of Coleridge) " incomparably the most 
sensible, and the least prejudiced great man of an age that boasted a 
galaxy of great men." 

During the Commonwealth, patrons exercised their rights of presen- 
tation, subject only to the presentee being approved by a Board of 
Tryers. Newcourt omits two incumbents of this period. One of these is 
deserving of special notice: — John Frost, B.D., late Fellow of St. John's Frost. 
College, Cambridge. A number of select sermons, preached by him upon 
special occasions, was published by his widow in 1658, with two very 
creditable exercises in Latin : " De tota Christi justltia credentibus impu- 
tata," and " Fides justificat sub ratione instrumenti," read before the Regius 
Professor of Divinity. I may mention that on the title pages of the Sermons 
Frost is not described as Rector of St. Olave's, but sometimes as pastor, 
sometimes as preacher, in Olave's, Hart Street. How greatly he was 

' Sion College and its valuable Library were removetl from London \\'all to tlie Victoria Embankment in 
1886, and I shall be pardoned for here recording that I had the i>rivilege, as Tresident, of laying the Memorial 
Stone in 1885, in the presence of Dr. Temple, the newly appointed Bishop of London, \'isitor of the College, and 
a large number of the Fellows. 

^At (he end of his " Preface to the Reader,'' in Fuller's Church History of Britain, 1655, below the 
signature " Thomas Fuller," is the address—" From my Chamber in Sion College." 



RECTORS OF ST. OLAVE'S, HART STREET. 255 

beloved by his people is shown by the entry in the Bur. Reg. : — " 1656, 
Nov. 4. M'' John ffrost, Batchlor of Divinitye, the much Lamented pastor 
and good Shepheard of this Parish, was decently interred — chancell." 

I do not know that Daniel Mills, admitted April 17th, 1657, was Mills. 
remarkable in any way, but from being frequendy mentioned in Pepys's 
Diary, though not always with commendation, his name has become 
widely known. His patrons were, as appears from Lambeth MS., 998, 
fol. 10, Andrew Riccard, Esq. (not yet knighted), and four others, merchants, 
and he was admitted rector 1657, April 17th. In 1667, June 26th, he 
became Rector of Wanstead, in Essex (patron. Sir Robert Brooks), 
which living he held, as well as that of St. Olave's, until his death 
in 1689. A few extracts from the Diary will be interesting. Pepys's 
first impressions were very favourable, for, 1660, August 19th (Lord's 
day), "This morning Sir W. Batten, Pen, and myself, went to church 
to the churchwardens, to demand a pew, which at present could not be 
given us ; but we are resolved to have one built. So we staid and heard 
Mr. Mills, a very good minister." 1661-62, January 19th (Lord's day), 
Pepys records his opinion of a sermon, with Calvinistic views, as we should 
term them. "To church in the morning, when Mr. Mills preached upon 
Christ's being offered up for our sins, and he did make such a sermon that I 
could have wished he had let it alone." 1662, July 9th : " Then came Mr. 
Mills to see me." Pepys is offended, because he had often been to see Sir 
W. Batten and others. " However," he says, " I used him civilley, though 
I love him as I do the rest of his coat." 1667, June 2nd. Pepys has been 
with Mr. Mills to Sir W. Coventry, to obtain for Mills a form of qualification 
for the Duke of York (whose chaplain he was) to sign, to enable him to 
have two livings; "which was a service I did against my will, for a lazy, 
fat priest." 

There are so many references by Pepys to this rector's sermons, and 
the notices in 1660 are so much more appreciative than those of later years, 
that we may be excused for thinking that the judgment of the Diarist was 
warped by his feelings. 1666, April 29th (Lord's day). " Up and to church 
where Mr. Mills, a lazy, simple sermon upon the Devil's having no right 



!=;6 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



to anything in this world." He is fond of applying the epithet "lazy" to his 
rector's sermons; but 1666, October loth (Lord's day), "Mr. Mills made 
an unnecessary sermon on original sin, neither understood by himself nor 
the people." 

The following may possibly account for some of the unfavourable 
criticism of the Diarist. "1667, Sept. 15 (Lord's Day): Mr. Mills 
preached, and after sermon, by invitation he and his wife came to dine 
with me, which is the first time they have been in my house, I think, 
these five years," adding, " I thinking it not amiss, because of their 
acquaintance in our county, to show them some respect, Mr. Turner 
and his wife and their son dined with me, and I had a very good 
dinner for them and very merry, and after dinner, Mr. Mills was forced 
to go, though it rained, to Stepney, to preach." 

I now come to the name of Owen, which was associated with the Owen, 
rectory of St. Olave, Hart Street for seventy-eight years. The father, Henry 
Owen, M.D., F.R.S., was instituted April 22nd, 1760. Here is a brief 
sketch of his career : — He was " the 
son of a gentleman, of genteel estate," 
whose house was situate at the foot 
of Mount Cader-Idris, near Dolgelly, 
where his son Henry was born 17 16. 
He was educated at Ruthin Grammar 
School, in Denbighshire, and was ad- 
mitted of Jesus College, Oxford, where 
he proceeded M.A., 1743 ; M.B,, 
1746; M.D., 1753. He practised as a 
physician for three years, when, as 
neither his feelings nor his health would 
suffer him to continue in that pro- 
fession, he entered into holy orders. 
He was chaplain to Sir Matthew 
Featherstonehaugh, and was presented 

by him to the vicarage of Terling, in Essex. Shortly after his presentation 
in 1760 to the rectory of St. Olave, Hart Street, he became chaplain to the 




HENRY OWEN, M.D. 



RECTORS OF ST. OLAFE'S, HART STREET. 257 

Bishop of Llandaff, who had been canon residentiary of St. Paul's, and 
ultimately was Bishop of Durham. In 1769, 1770, and 1771, he was Boyle 
Lecturer. The Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's presented him in 1775 
to the vicarage of Edmonton. On September 3rd, 1760, he married 
Miss Mary Butts, daughter of the Bishop of Ely (previously Bishop of 
Norwich), by whom he had one son, Henry Butts Owen, his successor at 
St. Olave's on his resignation, April, 1794, and several daughters, all of 
whom survived him. A posthumous volume of Dr. Owen's sermons was 
published for their benefit, 1797, and so liberally patronised by the friends 
of the deceased and the general public, as to produce about ^1,000. 

From Robinson's "Edmonton" we learn that Henry Owen, M.D., 
F.R.S., was instituted as vicar, 15th January, 1776, post, mort., William 
Pickney, and died in 1795. His tomb in Edmonton churchyard bears the 
following inscription : — 

"On the 15 October 1795, in the 80th year of his age, ceased to be mortal, Dr. 
Henry Owen. Many years vicar of this parish. ' Manet post funera virtus.' " 

The following is a list comprising all, or the most important, of 
Owen's works. {See Darling's " Cyclop. Bibl."] 

1. "A Treatise on Trigonometry" 1748 

2. "The Intent and Propriety of the Scripture-Miracles Considered 

and Explained." In two parts. Part the first treats of the 
Miracles recorded in the Old Testament, part the second treats 
of those contained in the New 8vo. Lond. 1755 

3. " The Intent and Propriety of the Scripture-Miracles Considered 

and Explained in a Series of Sermons, preached 1769, 1770, 
1771, for the Lecture founded by the Hon. Robert Boyle." 

2 vols. 8vo. Lond. 1773 

4. " Observations on the Four Gospels," tending chiefly to illustrate 

the times of their publication, and to illustrate the form and 
manner of their composition 8vo. Lond. 1764 

5. " An Enquiry into the Present State of the Septuagint Version of 

the Old Testament" 8vo. Lond. 1769 

6. " The Modes of Quotation used by Evangelical Writers Explained 

and Vindicated" 4to. Lond. 1789 

LL 



258 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 



. " Directions for Young Students in Divinity, with Regard to those 
Attainments Necessary to Qualify Them for Holy Orders." 
Fourth edition 12 mo. Lond. 

." Sixteen Sermons on Various Subjects " 8vo. Lond, 

Other works are : — 



1790 
1797 



"Critica Sacra; or, a Short Introduction to Hebrew Criticism." 

8vo. 1744. Supplement 1775 

" Critical Disquisitions on Origen's Hexapla, &c.'' 8vo. Lond» 1784 

His son and successor, Henry Butts Owen, D.D., appointed rector Owen, h. b. 
upon his father's resignation in 1794, was educated at Merchant Taylors' 
School ; elected Fellow of St. John's College, Oxford, and proceeded D.D. 
1805. In 1 79 1 he was Lecturer at Allhallows' Barking, at which church 
he married, 1794, May 6th, Mary Twedale, of Greeting, All Saints, 
Suffolk. He was at one time Rector of Throcking, Herts. His death 

occurred 1837, December ist, aged 74, 
" having administered to the Parish in the 
offices of Curate and Rector for upwards of 
fifty years." 

The name of John Letts has been Letts, 
already referred to in connection with the 
restoration of St. Olave's Church, in which 
he may be said to have taken the initiative 
in 1853, by the removal of the two side 
galleries. 

And last of all, and not the least Laing. 
worthy to be noticed, is my immediate 
predecessor, David Laing, M.A., F.R.S. I 
have no information as to his early life, 
except that he was the son of a Jamaica planter, whose fortune 
suffered in consequence of the emancipation of the slaves. He became, 
however, one of the best known and most highly esteemed clergymen in 
the diocese of London. For many years he was chaplain to St. Ann's 
Asylum, and for the use of the children he wrote catechetical lessons 




JOHN LETTS, B.A. 



RECTORS OF ST. OLAVE'S, HART STREET. 



259 



on the Prayer Book, and another little work treating of " the One Mind 
throughout the Bible." He was also for some time chaplain of the Middlesex 
Hospital. Two of the great works of his life, from a philanthropic point of 
view, were the Governesses' Benevolent Institution, and the North London 
Collegiate School for Girls. From an article 
in the "St. James's Magazine," July, 1862, 
it appears that the former Institution had 
been started in the year 1841, but for a time 
made very little progress. In March, 1843, 
Mr. Laing consented to become Honorary 
Secretary. For one year his own house 
was the only office, and his wife his only 
assistant, and such was his capacity for or- 
ganization, that the whole framework of the 
Society was arranged, and, while some por- 
tions of it sprang at once into activity, the 
others were never lost sight of' The entire 
scheme embraced : — i. Assistance to ladies 
in temporary distress. 2. Annuities for 
those past work. 3. A Provident Fund for self-provided Annuities, 
including also a Savings' Bank. 4. A Home for the disengaged. 
5. A system of registration, free of all expense. 6. An Asylum for the 
aged. 7. A College, to give a good and inexpensive education, and to 
grant certificates to those properly qualified. 

The other work to which we have referred, viz., the North London 
Collegiate School for Girls, — perhaps suggested by the establishment of 
a similar school for boys founded by Rev. Wm. C. Williams, D.D., — 
was greatly indebted to Mr. Laing for his advocacy of its claims. Owing 
to the action of the Brewers' Company in developing the North London 
Collegiate School, in preference to founding one of their own, this school 
for Girls has since become a high grade school. A second school was in 

' The Institution during the last thirty years has been growing, till the annual receipts, as shown by the 
Report for 1893, reached the sum of £m,']Z2 is. lld.; exclusive of the Provident Balance and Receipts, 
;rf 11,929 IS. od. Mrs. Laing undertook the Secretaryship after her husband's death, and carried on the work 
with ability to the end of her life. 

LL 2 




DAVID LAING, M.A., F.R.S. 



26o THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

time instituted, the Camden School for Girls, subsidised to the extent 
of ^3,000, and by an annual payment for Scholarships by the Clothworkers' 
Company, as well as by the Brewers' Company. 

Mr. Laing's great work as a London clergyman was begun in 
June, 1847, when he undertook the charge of a district in the parish 
of St. Pancras. " I was not aware," he writes in a pastoral letter, 
ist February, 1850, "that I knew a single individual of all the 9,000 
amongst whom I came to work. ... I undertook the charge wholly 
unhelped." He began by securing a disused office of the London and 
North Western Railway, and this he fitted up for holding services and 
a Sunday school. In due course the Church of Holy Trinity was built, 
and three young men of the congregation made themselves responsible 
for a sum of ^3,000. Mr. Laing felt, however, that the burden was 
greater than they ought to bear, and generously took it upon himself, 
insuring his life for the amount. His former curate' writes, that he believes 
Mr. Laing expended in the services and various works of the Church 
and parish the whole of the income of the benefice, which was derived 
from pew rents, and to maintain himself trenched very largely on his 
capital. Mrs. Laing also, to the full extent of her private means, 
contributed liberally. 

In 1857, however, the strain had become almost too severe, and it 
must have been a great relief when the Bishop of London (Dr. Tait), 
becoming patron for that turn by lapse, promoted Mr. Laing to the 
Rectory of St. Olave Hart Street, the income, however, being lessened 
by an appropriation during his incumbency of ^500 per annum to 
the parish of St. Botolph, Aldgate. In the brief period of his City 
incumbency, he devoted himself, often in much pain of body, to 
whatever his hand found to do. The population had not then decreased 
as it has since, and many of the houses now used as office property 
contained poor families. Mr. Laing's love of children led him at once 
to establish a Sunday school for their benefit. He preached a series 

' For this sketch of Mr. Laing's career I am indebted to Rev. Alfred J. Buss, now vicar of St. James's, 
Curtain Road, who was, during Mr. Laing's tenure of the parishes of Holy Trinity and St. Olave, his faithful and 
devoted colleague, and for upwards of forty years has Ijccn connected with the North London Collegiate School. 



RECTORS OF ST. OLAVE'S, HART STREET. 261 

of sermons on the Prayer Book, at the Thursday Lecture founded by 
Walter Hull, in St. Olave's, which were published in the " Ptdpit," and 
there are also occasional sermons of his which were printed. In August, 
i860, however, the call to an eternal rest came, and after an operation 
for stone, his rallying power failed, and on the 9th of that month he fell 
asleep in Jesus. He was buried in Highgate Cemetery, where his funeral, 
as the monument in St. Olave's records, was attended by " nearly 7,000 
persons, who had learned to love and honour him." 




SOME NOTABLE NAMES CONNECTED WITH THE 
PARISH OF ST. OLAVE. 



CHAPTER XVI. 

Memoirs of : — I. William Turner, M.D. {1510 ?-i568); Dean of Wells in Edward SixtKs 
reign; displaced in reign of Queen Mary; replaced on the accession of Queen Elizabeth; 
Theologian and Botanist ; The " New Herball^'' the earliest scientific work on Botany 
by an English writer. 2. Sir James Deane [1545-1608), successful merchant ; his 
bequests and benefactions. 3. Sir John Mennes [_Minns^ (I5pp-l6yi) ; Vice-Admiral 
\_Hypothalassiarcha, see Monument, p. 81']; Chief Comptroller of the Navy ; Master 
of the Trinity House Corporation; Poet. 4. Samuel Pepys [idjj-iyoj); Clerk of the 
Acts, 1660 ; became a parishioner of St. Olave''s, I'jth July, 1660 ; Secretary to the 
Admiralty, l6yj ; Master of the Trinity House, i6y6 and 1685 ; Master of the 
Clothworkers' Company, idyj ; President of the Royal Societv, 1684 ; Diarist; some 
details concerning Pepys and his Diary. 

WILLIAM TURNER, M.D. (i5io?-i568). 

fT is impossible, within the limits of this work, to do more 
than give a biographical sketch of a few names of note 
connected with the Parish. The first name upon which I 
propose to write a short memoir is distinguished in science 
and theology. William Turner was a native of Morpeth, in Northumberland, 
and was educated at Cambridge under the tuition of Bishop Latimer, and 
became one of the early Puritans. Strype says, " he was an antient 
Gospeller, contemporary, fellow-collegian, and friend to Bishop Ridley, the 
martyr. He was Physician to Protector Somerset." His epitaph records 




S02JE NOTABLE NAMES CONNECTED WITH THE PARISH. 263 

his having been Dean of Wells, not uninterruptedly however. He was 
appointed Dean about 1550 in the reign of Edward VI, John Goodman 
having been deprived. Soon after Queen Mary's accession he lost his 
Deanery, and Goodman regained it, but on the accession of Queen 
Elizabeth "the powers that be" smiled on him again and he was 
re-instated. He bears an honoured name in the literature of Europe, 
and attained distinction in several branches of knowledge. In an age 
when there was an absolute dearth of books relating to zoology, it 
is no slight merit that Hallam ascribes to him, when he records that 
"no work of the least importance, even for that time — 1520 to 1550 — 
can perhaps be traced in Europe on any part of that subject, before 
the 'Avium praecipuarum historia' of our countryman Turner, published at 
Cologne in 1548, though this is confined to species described by the ancients. 
Gesner, in his 'Pandects,' which bear date in the same year, several times 
refers to it with commendation. Gesner may be said to make great use of 
it; a high compliment from so illustrious a naturalist." — Hallam's "Literature 
of Europe," vol. i, p. 466. 

Turner, however, achieved far higher distinction in the science of 
botany than in that of zoology. In enumerating several names " still 
respected and several books that have not lost their utility," the first 
mentioned by Hallam is that of "our countryman Dr. Turner, who 
published the first part of a new Herbal in 1551 ; the second and third 
did not appear till 1562 and 1568." "The arrangement," says Pulteney, 
" is alphabetical according to the Latin names, and after the description 
he frequently specifies the places and growth. He is ample in his 
discrimination of the species, as his great object was to ascertain the 
Materia Medica of the ancients and of Dioscorides in particular 
throughout the vegetable kingdom. He first gives names to many 
English plants ; and allowing for the time when specifical distinctions 
were not established, when almost all the small plants were disregarded, 
and the Cryptogamia almost wholly overlooked, the number he was 
acquainted with is much beyond what could easily have been imagined 
in an original writer on his subject." — -Hallam's " Literature of Europe," 
vol. ii, p. 239. "The true era of Botany in England must commence with 



264 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFE'S HART STREET. 

Dr. William Turner, who was unquestionably the earliest writer among us 
that discovered learning and critical judgment in the knowledge of plants ; 
and whose ' Bo'ok of Herbs,' as Dr. Bulleyn observes, will always grow 
green, and never wither as long as Dioscorides is held in mind by mortal 
wights."' To Turner's " New Herball " the distinguished position is ac- 
corded of having been the first scientific work on Botany published by 
an English writer. As a divine, the inscription in St. Olave's church 
correcdy says of him, "He fought against the enemies of the Church 
and the Commonwealth, chiefly the Roman Antichrist." The titles of 
some of his works confirm this, e.g. — " The Huntyng and Fyndyng out 
of the Romish Fox : which more than seven yeares hath bene hyd 
among the Bysshoppes of England, after that the Kynges Hyghnes 
Henry VHI had commanded hym to be dryven out of hys Realme." 
Basle, 8vo., 1543. Published under the assumed name of Wm. Wraughton. 
Dedicated to Henry VIII. Amended and curtailed, with a short account 
of the author prefixed, by Robt. Potts, M.A., Camb. 8vo., 1851. "The 
Huntyng of the Romishe Wolfe," etc., London, 8™., 1561. "The Hunting 
of the Fox and Wolfe, because they did make havoc of the Sheep of 
Jesus Christ," etc., 8vo. 

These sufficiently prove that his controversy was chiefly with 
the Church of Rome. He found time, however, to break a lance 
with the Anabaptists, a sect that arose about a.d. 1525, in a pamphlet 
entitled "A Preservative or Triacle against the Poyson of Pelagius lately 
reneued and stirred up agayn by the furious sect of the Annabaptistes." 
London, 12 mo, 1551. 

Turner wrote also upon the virtues of the bath of Baeth in England, 
with divers other in Almayne (Germany) and England, and in the last 
year of his life published a new " Boke of the natures and properties of 
all wines that are commonly used here in England, with a confutation 
of an errour of some men that holde that Rhennish and other small white 
wines ought not to be drunken of them, that either have, or are in daunger 

' " Historical and Biographical sketches of the Progress of Botany in England," by Richard Pulteney, F.R.S., 

1790, vol. i, p. 58. 



SOME NOTABLE NAMES CONNECTED WITH THE PARISH 265 

of the stone, the reume, and divers other diseases." London, 8vo., 1568. 
Crutched Friars, where Dr. Turner resided at the time of his death, and 
had fhere a botanical garden, has undergone great changes since his day. 
It is now the centre of the wine trade, and it may be said of his Htde 
book upon wines, as has been remarked of his work upon botany, that 
it has not lost its utility. This notice of his life, fragmentary though it 
is, will, I trust, serve to perpetuate the memory of one of St. Olave's 
most distinguished parishioners. 



SIR JAMES DEANE (1545-1608). 

The subject of our first sketch was a student and divine : it will 
not be inappropriate that it should be succeeded by that of an 
enterprising merchant, one of those who, when trade was comparatively 
in its infancy, largely contributed to lay the foundation of England's 
commercial greatness, and was distinguished also, in his generation, for 
piety and charity. 

Sir James Deane, who was knighted at Whitehall, July 8th, 1604, 
was descended from the Deanes of Hants, " Dene of Denelands," dis- 
tinguished by their armorial bearings as the " Lion Deanes " from the 
" Griffin Deanes," of Wallingford, Berks. The two families were in no 
way related until the year 1769, when John Deane, Receiver for the county 
of Berks, married Sarah Ann Deane, only child and heir of John Deane, of 
the Forbury House, Reading, and Hartley Court, Berks. 

Sir James amassed a large fortune as " Merchant Adventurer " to 
India, China and the Spice Islands. Sir James was free of the Drapers' 
Company, but refused to be made an alderman, preferring to pay the 
customary fine. He was impropriator of the Rectory of Deane, and 
bequeathed the Advowson to his brother-in-law, Holdip, the rector. He 
was Lord of the Manor of Basingstoke, and a liberal benefactor to the town. 
At the close of his life he built almshouses for eight poor and aged men or 
women, still so occupied, and forming a picturesque object on the road 

' A detailed list of William Turner's writings is given in Athena: Oxon., Ed. Bliss, vol. i, pp. 362-363. 

MM 



266 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

leading towards London. The almshouses are wholly supported by estates 
which he bequeathed to trustees for this purpose. 

A bequest of Sir James, together with some other benefactors, 
enabled the aldermen and wardens, in 1609, to declare the school, 
known as the Fraternity or Guild of the Holy Ghost, a free school. The 
ruins of the Chapel of the Holy Ghost, standing in the ancient cemetery, 
or " Liten," on the north side of the town, are near enough to the 
railway station to attract the traveller's notice. The chaplain was the 
schoolmaster, and it is a curious survival, that it is as chaplain of the 
Chapel of the Holy Ghost, that the master of the Free School of 
Basingstoke is still cited to visitations. 

Sir James also left an endowment for a lectureship, afterwards 
augmented by bequests from his cousin. Sir James Lancaster, in 1618, 
and from Richard Aid worth in 1646. He had called to mind "that 
many times theretofore, the town of Basingstoke had been and then was 
destitute of a good and godly preacher," and this moved him "to make 
provision for the maintenance of a good and learned preacher, who 
was to be a graduate in divinity of one of the two universities of 
Cambridge and Oxford. 

It ought to be recorded, that he remembered the poor in every 
parish in which he had lived, or owned land, e.g. : — Guildford, Godalming 
and Farnham, county Surrey ; and Alton, Odiham, Kingsele, Havant and 
Overton, county Hants. To each of these parishes he bequeathed sums 
of ^10, and to St. Olave's Hart Street an annual charge of ^5 4^. od. 
upon Ash Farm, near Basingstoke, to be given to the poor, in bread, 
every Sunday. 

Sir James was three times married. His first wife was Susan, 
daughter of Christopher Bumsted ; his second wife was Elizabeth, daughter 
of Hugo Ofley, alderman of London ; his third wife was Elizabeth, 
daughter of Richard Thornhill and widow of Christopher Webbe, armiger 
The following extract from funeral certificate. Heralds' Office, I, 16, fol. 303, 
gives some account of her :— " Eliz"- dau. of Richard Thornhill of Bromley 



SOME NOTABLE NAMES CONNECTED WITH THE PARISH. 267 

in Kent, was thrice maried, first to Xpher (Christopher) Webbe eldest 
Sonne of S"^ W"" Webbe, Knt., Lord Maior of the City of London 
in 1 59 1, by whom shee had issue S' W" Webbe, Knight, w""" maried 
the eldest dau. of Sir Roland Litton of Co. Hertford, Knt. This 
Eliz"* after the death of Xpher Webbe was secondly maried to 
S'' James Deane, Knight, & Alderman of London after whose death 
shee was thirdly and lastly maried to' M"" John Brewster of London 
Esquier, & secondary of the Fine office by which last twoo shee had 
no issue. Shee died on Tuesday the 23 of October 1609 whose funeralls 
were solemnized at St. Sepulchers Church in London on Thursday the 
2"'^ November next following. 

"Signed John Brewster. 
Thos. Brewster." 

Sir James died without leaving any issue, and in his will, which 
was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, June 13th, 1608 (52 
Windebancke) he directed that .1^500 should be expended upon his funeral, 
not, probably, a larger amount than was usual in those days, and left the 
bulk of his property in charities, by far the larger share falling to the town 
of Basingstoke. In his will mention is made of " my cousin, Sir John 
Deane, Knt", and of " Richard and James Deane sons of my cousin John 
Deane of ffroyell " [Froyle, near Alton, Hants], and he refers to his house 
in London, and his house in Hackney. 

In the Manor Rolls (Grumbold's), Hackney, Sir James Deane is 
styled as of Homerton. The funeral certificate. Heralds' Office, I, 16, fol. 
277, records "Sir James Deane of London Knt w^'out issue [died] ... of 
Maye buried 4 June." [Date 1608 omitted apparently in mistake]. See 
Tyssen Library Collection, Hackney, "Hackney Pedigrees" I, 197-9; 
"History of Basingstoke," by Baigent and Millard, 1889; and MS. 
" Memoranda relating to the families of Deane, of Hants and Berk- 
shire, etc.," compiled by Rev. John Bathurst Deane, late Rector of 
St. Helen's Bishopsgate, and St. Martin Outwich, London. 

'John Brooster, of Middle Temple, Armiger & the Ladye Deane Widdowe marr. 29 Sep. 1608, Lie. 

MM 2 



268 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFE'S HART STREET. 

SIR JOHN MENNES (1599-1671)- 

The subject of our next memoir is Sir John Mennes. Sir John's 
surname is spelt with an embarrassing variety of form, viz., Mennes, Mennis, 
Minnes, Mynce and Minns. The first of these, Mennes, has been found in 
Sir John's signature, while the last, Minns, appears to represent the 
pronunciation of the name most popularly known. To take another case. 
The surname Pepys is spelt in St. Olave's register, Peyps ; in St. Margaret's, 
Westminster, Peps ; and Mr. Walter Courtenay Pepys, in his Genealogy 
of the Pepys Family, exhibits on pp. 12 and 13, seventeen variations found 
in the spelling of the family name. Prior to the eighteenth century the 
method of spelling a surname was far from rigid — apparently every speller 
exercised his private judgment as to how a given sound should be 
orthographically represented. The employment of reading and writing by 
a large portion of a community, and the compilation of dictionaries pre- 
cede, and ultimately lead to, uniformity in spelling. 

Sir John was the third son of Andrew Mennes, Esq., of Sandwich, 
in Kent, by Jane his second wife, daughter of John Blechendon, Esq. 
Born at Sandwich, March ist, 1599, he was educated at the grammar 
school there, and became, in his seventeenth year, a commoner of Corpus 
Christi College, Oxford, where he distinguished himself in "humanity," 
poetry and history. His epitaph in St. Olave's describes him as having 
been a great traveller, and gives an epitome of his life. He was Sub- 
chief of the Ordnance, Vice- Admiral," Chief Comptroller of the Navy, and 
in 1662 Master of the Trinity House. He served under three sovereigns, 
James I, Charles I, who knighted him in 1642, and Charles H. A firm 
adherent of the royal cause during the Commonwealth, he was for a time 
displaced from his services at sea ; but, after the Restoration, fortune smiled 
on him, and he was rewarded for his constancy by being made Governor of 
Dover Castle and Chief Comptroller of the Navy, an office which he held 

' "Hypothalassiarcha." See his Monument, p. 8i. 



SOME NOTABLE NAMES CONNECTED WITH THE PARISH. 269 

till his death. "He is said," in Cunningham's London, "to have written 

the famous couplet : 

" For he that fights and runs away 
May Uve to fight another day." 

Pepys often mentions him, and generally with approval. April loth, 
1 66 1. "So to the Salutacion Tavern [at Rochester] where Mr. Alcock 
and many of the town came and entertained us with wine and oysters 
and other things, and hither come Sir John Minnes to us who is come 
to-day to see 'the Henry' in which he intends to ride as Vice- Admiral 
in the narrow seas all this summer." June 14th, 1663. " By and by in 
comes Sir J. Minnes and Sir Wm. Batten, and so we sat talking. Among 
other things Sir J. Minnes brought many fine expressions of Chaucer, 
which he doats on mightily, and without doubt he is a very fine poet." 
On September 28th Pepys commends Sir John as a judge of pictures " in 
which he hath some judgment"; but finds his business qualities as 
Comptroller of the Navy left something to be desired, and so, on August 
20th, 1666, when it was reported that Sir John was dying, Pepys writes : 
"which troubles me mightily, for he is a very good, harmless, honest 
gentleman, though not fit for business." 

Wood' says that he was the author of a poem entitled "Epsom 
Wells" and several poems scattered in other men's works. What can 
with most certainty be attributed to him are contained in a volume entitled 
" Musarum Delicise or the Muses' Recreation," by Sir J. M. and Ja. S., 
second edition, 1656, i2mo. The poems in this volume are the composition 
of Sir John Mennes and Dr. James Smith. Mennes wrote the celebrated 
scoffing ballad on Sir John Suckling : — 

" Sir John he got him an ambling nag,'' etc. 

referring to the defeat of Sir John's cavalry by the Scots in an engagement 
on the border in 1639. Sir John Suckling is said to have spent ;^i 2,000 
upon his troops. A portrait of Sir J. Mennes by Vandyck is in Lord 
Clarendon's collection at The Grove, Watford. It is engraved in the 1874 
edition of the Musarum DelicicC.' 

' Athense Oxonienses, by Anthony A. Wood. New edition by Philip Bliss, vol. iii, p. 925. 
^Dict. Nat. Biog., vol. xxxvii, p. 255. 



270 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

SAMUEL PEPYS (1633-1703). 

It is impossible, in any account of the notable names connected 
with St. Olave's, to leave unnoticed the name of Samuel Pepys, but the 
limits of this work prevent my giving more than the prominent features 
of his career. He was the second son of John' and Margaret Pepys, and 
was born February 23rd, 1633, but his place of birth is not known. The 
note in his Diary, February loth, 1661-2 : "I believe our family were 
never considerable," combined with the fact that his father followed the 
business of a tailor, has been regarded as a proof of his humble origin, 
but an antiquary' in the family shews in a work, which he published in 
1887, that the Cottenham branch, from which Pepys descended, held a 
respectable rank. 

Pepys was educated at St. Paul's School, London, and went, as he 
tells us, to reside in Magdalene College, Cambridge, and did put on his 
gown first March 5th, 1650-51.'' The Diary gives the date when Pepys 
became a pensioner of Magdalene College, but Mynors Bright prints 
extracts from the College register books, which prove him to have been 
admitted Sizar of Trinity Hall, June 21st, 1650; Sizar of Magdalene 
College, October ist, 1650; Pensioner, March 4th, 1651 ; and that he 
was elected Spenluff Scholar, April 3rd, 1651 ; Scholar on Dr. John 
Smith's foundation, October 4th, 1653. 

Two years after leaving the University he married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Alexander Marchant, Sieur de St. Michel, a portionless girl 
of fifteen, descended on her father's side from a family of distinction in 
Andegavia (Anjou), and on her mother's from the Cliffords of Cumbria. 
Alexander Marchant, Sieur de St. Michel, suffered greatly owing to his 
having become a Huguenot, was disinherited by his father, and, on coming 
to England in the retinue of Henrietta Maria, was dismissed, when it was 
discovered that he was a Protestant. 

The Marriage Register of St. Margaret's, Westminster, gives December 
I St, 1655, as the day of Samuel Pepys's marriage ; but he and his wife kept 

• Genealogy of the Pepys Family, a.d. 1273— 1887, by the Hon. Walter Courtnay Pepys. 
^ Diary, December 31st, 1664. 



SOME NOTABLE NAMES CONNECTED WITH THE PARISH. 271 

October loth as the anniversary of their wedding.' The consequences of 
this imprudent marriage might have been serious but for the kindness of 
his kinsman, Sir Edward Montagu, afterwards Earl of Sandwich, who 
helped the young couple, and gave them a home in his family. This 
patron, to whom Pepys always expresses his gratitude, engaged him to 
accompany him in his expedition to the Sound in March, 1659, and it was 
through his influence that on his return he was appointed a Clerk in the 
Army Pay Office of the Exchequer, at an annual salary of ^50.^ " I 
taking my £\2 \os. due to me for my last quarter's salary." 

This, however, was but a stepping stone to higher appointments. 
On March 6th, 1660, Montagu asked Pepys to consider if he would go 
to sea with him, in the capacity of secretary, and on April 2nd Pepys 
embarked on the Nazeby. Pepys was serving in the Nazeby when, on 
May 23rd, Prince Charles and the Duke of York were received on board 
for conveyance to Dover. The ship's name was changed to that of 
Charles, commemorated by Dryden in the lines : — 

" The Naseby, now no longer England's shame, 
But better to be lost in Charles, his name. 
Receives her Lord." — Astraa Redux, 230. 

May 25th: "I spoke with the Duke of York about business, who called 
me Pepys by name, and upon my desire did promise me his future favour." 
On June 2nd, immediately after the restoration, Montagu gave him this 
piece of encouragement: "He told me he hoped to do me a more lasting 
kindness if all things stand as they are now between him and the King, 

'This is mentioned three times in the Diary, on October loth, in the years 1661, 1664 and 1666. Copy of 
the entry in Register : — " Samuell Peps of this parish, Gent., and Elizabeth De S"' Michell of Martins in the 
ffeilds. Spinster. Published October 19th, 22nd, 29th, and were married by Richard Sherwyn, Esqr, one of the 
Justices of the Peace of the Cittie and Lyberties of Westmr, December 1st. [Signed] Ri Sherwyn." That 
both Pepys and his wife were mistaken as regards the month and the day of the montli of their wedding day is very 
improbable, and in face of this improbability, the most likely way of accounting for the dates in the Register is by 
the conjecture that the Register was posted or filled up atter a considerable interval since the day of the wedding. 
In the banns' dates the usual interval of a week was not observed if the first publication took place on 19th and 
the second on October 22nd, and the fact of a similar peculiarity being found in one or two other entries in the 
Register suggests a doubt as to the accuracy of the Registrar's dates. By the Act of August 24th, 1653, cap. 6 
(to come into force from September 29th following), it was enacted that a Register [Registrar] be appointed, and a 
book of good vellum or parchment be provided ; that twenty-one days' notice, at least, of a marriage be given to 
the Registrar, that the publication of the banns be made on " three several Lords-Days then next following," " or 
if the parties so to be married shall desire it, in the Market-place next to the said Church or Chappel on three 
Market-days in three several weeks next following." 

''Diary, January 30th, 1659-60. 



272 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

but, says he, we must have a little patience and we will rise together ; in 
the meantime I will do you all the good jobs I can." He proved as good as 
his word, for on the 29th June Pepys records: " Up and to White Hall 
where I got my warrant from the Duke to be Gierke of the Acts." Sir 
Edward Montagu had considerable difficulty in obtaining this appoint- 
ment for Pepys, as General Monk wanted it for a proUgd of his, but the 
King and the Duke of York having known Pepys on board the Naseby 
in her memorable voyage, this was the turning point of Pepys's fortune. 
This post of Glerk of the Acts placed him on an equality with the other 
Gommissioners of the Navy Board, and gave him a large increase of 
income. His stipend was .1^350 per annum, reduced to ^250 through his 
having to allow his predecessor, Thomas Barlow, ;i^ioo, but from this annual 
charge the death of Barlow, in 1665, relieved him. Pepys allows the reader 
to know his feelings upon the occasion, February 9th, 1664-5: "For 
which, God knows my heart, I could be as sorry as is possible for one to 
be for a stranger by whose death he gets .i^ioo per annum, he being a 
worthy honest man ; but when I come to consider the providence of God, 
by this means unexpectedly to give me .;^ioo a year more in my estate, 
I have cause to bless God, and do it from the bottom of my heart." 

It was through his appointment to this clerkship that Pepys came 
on July 17th, 1660, to live at or next door to the Navy Office, the 
principal entrance to which was in Crutched Friars. Pepys's house was on 
the Seething Lane side of the Navy Office, and, on the i8th July, he 
describes it as "my house in Seething Lane," and it was at this period 
when the Diary, begun January ist, 1660, was about six months old, that 
his connection with the parish of St. Olave commenced. The intelligence 
and industry which Pepys shewed as an official, soon brought him into 
notice. He was appointed in 1665 Surveyor-General of the Victualling 
Office. In 1673 he was advanced to the position of Secretary to the 
Admiralty, and in this capacity proved himself one of the most distinguished 
officials in naval affairs that England has ever possessed, and in 1678 he 
was called upon to defend the Navy Board against an attack made upon 
it in the House of Commons, and made so able a defence that nothing 
further was heard of the charges. That he was a man of some courage 



SOME NOTABLE NAMES CONNECTED WITH THE PARISH 273 

is proved by his remaining at his post at such a crisis as the Plague Year of 
1665, and the Great Fire of 1666. In the former year he wrote to Sir 
William Coventry': "The sickness in general thickens round us, and 
particularly upon our neighbourhood. You, sir, took your turn of the 
sword; I must not, therefore, grudge to take mine of the pestilence." 

In the latter year he did good service by employing workmen from 
the Woolwich and Deptford dockyards to pull down the houses all around 
the Navy Office, by which means the fire was prevented from spreading, 
and the Navy Office was saved, as well as an adjoining district in which 
were the three churches of St. Olave Hart Street, Allhallows Staining, and 
Allhallows Barking. September 4th, 1666 [extract from letter of Pepys 
to Sir W. Coventry]: "The fire is now very neere us as well on Tower 
Streete as Fanchurch Street side, and we have little hope of our escape but 
by that remedy to y^ want whereof we do certainly owe y" loss of y° City, 
namely, y'' pulling down of houses in y"= way of y" fire. This way Sir W. 
Pen and myself have so far concluded upon y" practising, that he is gone to 
Woolwich and Deptford to supply himself with men and necessarys in order 
to the doing thereof" September 5th, 1666: "About 2 in the morning 
my wife calls me up and tells me of new cryes of fire, it being come to Barking 

Church, which is the bottom of our lane [Seething Lane] But 

going to the fire, I find by the blowing up of houses and the great help 
given by the workmen out of the King's yard sent up by Sir W. Pen, there 
is a good stop given to it, as well as at Marke-lane end as ours, it having only 
burned the dyall of Barking Church and part of the porch, and was there 
quenched." The district thus preserved from the Fire may be roughly 
described as bounded by Seething Lane on the east, and Mark Lane on 
the west side. 

All through these eventful years the care of the navy of England, 
in great measure, rested upon Pepys. 

At the Revolution in 1688 his official career terminated; but as 
long as he lived he was looked upon as a great authority in naval 
matters, and at the Admiralty his memory is still held in honour. 

' Secretary to the Duke of York. 

NN 



274 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

Pepys however had, before 1688, found time for holding a variety of 
offices ; he was twice Master of the Corporation of Trinity House, in 1676 
and again in 1685 ; Master of the Clothworkers' Company in 1677 ; and Pre- 
sident of the Royal Society in 1684 and 1686. He was also M.P. for Harwich 
in the short Parliament that sat from March to July, 1679. His life, from 
the time he became Clerk of the Acts in 1660, was generally prosperous, 
but was not without some serious troubles. On the occasion of the sus- 
pected Popish plot, in May, 1679, he lost his place at the Admiralty for a 
time, and he and his colleague. Sir Anthony Deane, also M.P. for Harwich, 
were imprisoned in the Tower, and not released till February 12th, 1680, 
when the accuser. Colonel Scott, who had laid the information, refused 
to acknowledge to the truth of it. His closing years, too, were attended 
with much bodily suffering, owing to the return of a malady from which 
he had suffered as early as 1658, but had experienced no inconvenience 
through all the intervening years. On the 26th May, 1703, he died at 
Clapham, at the house of Mr. Hewer, his partner, formerly his clerk ; 
and on June 5th he was buried at St. Olave's at nine o'clock at night, 
"in a vault by y^ Comunion-table," his friend. Dr. Hickes, the non-juring 
Dean of Worcester, saying the Burial Office. 

The Diary was begun when Pepys was living in Axe Yard, 
Westminster, on January ist, 1660. He was then in the 27th year of 
his age, and he ended the Diary in the fourth month of his 37th year. The 
Diary, therefore, is the work of a man young in years, and it relates 
vividly, with many characteristic touches, his progress from straitened to 
prosperous circumstances. He closed the Diary on May 31st, 1669, with 
these words: "And thus ends all that I doubt I shall ever be able to 
do with my own eyes in the keeping of my Journal, I being not able to 
do it any longer, having done now as long as to undo my eyes almost every 
time I take a pen in my hand, and therefore, whatever comes of it, I must 
forbear ; and therefore resolve, from this time forward, to have it kept by 
my people in longhand, and must be contented to set down no more than is 
fit for them and all the world to know. . . And so I betake myself 
to that course, which is almost as much as to see myself <g:) into my grave, 
for which, and all the discomforts that will accompany my being blind, the 
good God prepare me !— S. P. May 31, 1669." 



SOME NOTABLE NAMES CONNECTED WITH THE PARISH. 275 

These gloomy anticipations of blindness were happily unfulfilled. 
Pepys recovered his ordinary eyesight, and though he may not have written 
much shorthand after May, 1669, we know of his employing it on one 
occasiori. In October, 1680, he attended King Charles II at Newmarket, 
by command, and wrote down in shorthand, to the king's dictation, the 
narrative of his escape after the battle of Worcester in 165 1. This account 
Pepys afterwards wrote out in longhand, and the two MSS. are among the 
papers preserved in Magdalene College, Cambridge ; thus, inadvertently or 
purposely, Pepys left in these two MSS. a key for deciphering the Diary. 

Pepys bequeathed the MS. of his Diary, in six volumes, written in 
cipher in a small hand, together with his library of 3,000 volumes and sundry 
MSS., the whole now forming the "Bibliotheca Pepysiana,"to his old College 
of Magdalene, Cambridge. The College obtained possession of these in 
1724. In 1818 the Hon. and Rev. George Neville (afterwards Master of 
Magdalene College) drew Lord Grenville's attention to the MS. of the 
Diary. Lord Grenville deciphered a little of it, and recommended that 
some one should be engaged to undertake the decipherment of the whole. 
An undergraduate of St. John's, John Smith (rector of Baldock, Herts, 1831 ; 
died in 1870), accomplished this task in three years (i 819-1822), and in 1825 
a first edition of Pepys's Diary, in an abridged form, appeared under Lord 
Braybrooke's editorship ; a second edition in 1828 ; a third in 1849, and a 
fourth in 1854. When the copyright of these editions expired, numerous 
publishers issued reprints of them, and Pepys's Diary has become one of 
the popularly known books in English literature. The Rev. Mynors 
Bright deciphered afresh the MS., and published an edition of the Diary in 
six volumes, 8vo., 1875-79, containing new matter amounting to one-third 
of the whole. This valuable edition is no longer on sale, but a new 
edition, in its entirety as far as possible, four volumes of which have 
appeared, is in preparation by Mr. Henry B. Wheatley, F.S.A. 

Pepys and his Diary have formed the subject of much criticism. The 
address delivered by Mr. Lowell, the eminent literary critic, in St. Olave's 
church, has been given in chapter vii, p. 104. Instructive criticisms may also 
be read in " Samuel Pepys and the world he lived in," by Henry B. 
Wheatley, F.S.A., and in the "Edinburgh Review," July 1880, vol. 152. 

NN 2 



276 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

The latter says of Pepys : " The fact is that Pepys was, as men go, a very 
fair sample of good ability and pleasant manner, certainly industrious though 
fond of ease and pleasure, with a large share of vanity, and of no very 
exalted sense of honour, though in his way conscientious, living in a corrupt 
age without trying to put it to shame, although keeping clear of its worst 
excesses. The Diary, carelessly skimmed, would perhaps give a different 
impression, for it lays bare, as no other book ever did, the thousand 
littlenesses of human nature" Of the Diary: "As a study of Pepys's 
nature, it is amusing ; as a study of human nature, it is interesting ; as a 
record of manners and customs passed away, it is important ; but it is as a 
comment on some historical problems of the time that it is perhaps most 
valuable." 

The spelling of the name Pepys is now fixed, but the pronunciation 
still exhibits some variety. At Magdalene College, Cambridge, "Peeps" 
is the traditional pronunciation preserved. In London, Peps or Peppis 
is more frequently heard. In the Marriage Register of St. Margaret's, 
Westminster, the name is spelt " Peps." A member of the Pepys family 
writes: "There have been numerous ways of pronouncing the name, as 
Peps, Peeps and Peppis. The Diarist undoubtedly pronounced it Peeps,' 
and the lineal descendants of his sister Paulina, the family of Pepys 
Cockerell, pronounce it so to this day. The other branches of the family 
all pronounce it as Peppis, and I am led to be satisfied that the latter 
pronunciation is correct by the two facts, that in the earliest known writing 
it is spelt Pepis and that the French form of the name is Pepy." — "Genealogy 
of the Pepys Family," by W. C. Pepys, p. 13. 

' The name is written " Peyps " in St. Olave's Bur. Reg. If Ihe " ey " in Peyps were pronounced as in 
"obey," then the pronunciation was Papes (one syllable). For a further discussion of this point, see "Life of 
Samuel Pepys," p. 60, prefixed to vol. i of the " Diary," Edited by Henry B. Wheatley, F.S.A. 




to 






H 

O 
K 

> 



H 
W 

K 

H 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 

ST. OLAVE'S, HART STREET. 



CHAPTER XVII. 

The principal Buildings and the historic sites in the united Parishes of St. Olave and 
Allhallows Staining: I. The Trinity House; Guild or Corporation of Mariners 
formed at Deptford in 1514; formerly connected with the Royal Navy ; now specially 
the general Lighthouse authority for England and Wales ■ present century legislation 
(1836 and i8s3) affecting the Trinity Corporation ; the important functions Trinity 
House discharges^ some details of its practical work in present day ; Trinity Mon- 
day at St. Olave^s ; the present building on Tower Hill ; Pepys and Evelyn and the 
Trinity House ; Names of the Twenty-four Elder Brethren, i8g4. 2. Sir Richard 
Whittington^ s Palace^ Hart Street. 3. The Monastery of the Crutched Friars, '■'■ Fratres 
Sanctce CrucisP 4. The Milbourne Almshouses. 5. The Navy Office, 1656-1^86. 
6. The Old Navy Office, Mark Lane. 7. Crutched Friars. 8. Mark Lane; the Corn 
Exchanges. Q. The London and Blackwall Railway Terminus. 

NOW propose asking the reader to accompany me in a 
walk through the united parishes of St. Olave and Allhallows 
Staining, recalling the memorials of an earlier time, and also 
taking note of the principal buildings. Among these latter, 

the Trinity House and the Halls of the Clothworkers and Ironmongers will 

claim our attention. 

THE TRINITY HOUSE. 
The most imposing building in the Parish of St. Olave is the 
Trinity House, situated on the upper side of Tower Hill, and forming 
the south-east boundary of the Parish. The foundation stone of this 
edifice was laid by William Pitt in 1793, and the structure was completed in 
1795. The architect was Samuel Wyatt. " The principal front consists of a 




THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 279 

main body and wings of the Ionic Order on a rusticated basement. Over 
the windows are medallions with portraits in low relief of George III and 
Queen Charlotte, representations of light-houses, and emblematic devices." 

The house belongs to an ancient Corporation of Mariners, founded 
in King Henry the Eighth's time at Deptford, for the regulation of seamen 
and the security and convenience of ships and mariners on our coasts. The 
first Master was Sir Thomas Spert, Knight, Comptroller of the Navy, and 
commander of the biggest ship that the sea then bore, namely, Harry, Grace 
de Dieu. Sir Thomas Spert died in 1541, and was buried in the Chancel 
of Stepney Church. 

The Society was incorporated March 20th, 15 14, by the name of 
" The Guild or Fraternity of the most Glorious and Undividable Trinity, 
and of St. Clement in the parish of Deptford Strond," which title was 
extended by a Charter, bearing date 1685, to "The Master, Wardens and 
Assistants of the Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, of the most Glorious 
and Undividable Trinity, and of St. Clement, in the Parish of Deptford 
Strond, in the County of Kent." 

The Corporation now consists of a Master, Deputy Master, four 
Wardens, and eight Assistants (Elder Brethren). There are in all twenty- 
four Members, of whom thirteen are acting Elder Brethren and eleven 
are Honorary ; and an undefined number of inferior members, entitled 
Younger Brethren. One of the Elder Brethren is styled Deputy Master, 
i.e., Deputy for the Master. 

It is the general Lighthouse Authority for England and Wales, and 
as such has a certain control over the other general Lighthouse Authorities 
and the Local Light Authorities on the coast. It deals with lights, buoys, 
beacons, fog signals, removal of wrecks dangerous to navigation, etc., and 
it is the chief Pilotage Authority of the United Kingdom. The Trinity 
House receives the Lighthouse Tolls and pays them into the Mercantile 
Marine Fund of the Board of Trade, out of which fund the lighthouses 
are maintained, and other expenses connected with the Mercantile Marine 
defrayed. The Elder Brethren also assist the House of Lords and the Judge 
of the Admiralty Court in trying marine causes. Until 1869, when the last 
examination of this kind was held by the Trinity House, a Trinity Board 



28o THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

used to examine sub-lieutenants in the Royal Navy for the post of 
navigating lieutenant. 

Two Acts of Parliament of this century have specially affected the 
Corporation of the Trinity House. That of 1836 empowered the Trinity 
House to purchase either from private owners or from the Crown, their 
interests in the rights and dues of coast lights in England ; also, by tolls, to 
raise money for the support of the service connected with lighthouses, 
lightships, buoys, etc. The tolls are calculated according to the tonnage of 
vessels. In the Royal Grants made in previous centuries to the Trinity 
House, it was stipulated that the Corporation should, out of its surplus 
funds, relieve old or disabled seamen and their families, and by means of its 
Almshouses and pensions the Corporation was a munificent distributor of 
relief to persons connected with the maritime service. In the year 1853 
the allowance to out-pensioners exceeded ^20,000, and about ;^i 0,000 a 
year derived from Trust property was spent upon the Almshouses at 
Deptford and Mile End, 152 in number, and in other charitable uses. By the 
Act of 1853, the control of the Tolls for the support of the lighthouse and 
kindred services was transferred to the Board of Trade, and the charitable 
relief fund of the Corporation restricted to the revenue derived from its 
Trust property.' A few figures will serve to show the important functions 
which the Trinity House discharges. The Corporation owns 84 lighthouses 
in the United Kingdom, and one at Gibraltar built by the Crown, has 51 
lightships in position, and 9 in reserve to meet contingencies. There are 
547 buoys of various sizes and descriptions In position, and 64 beacons 
round the coast. It employs 203 lighthouse keepers, 553 persons form the 
crews of lightships, 176, those of steam or sailing vessels; in all, the Trinity 
Corporation has a working staff of about 1,000 persons in connection with 
the service of lights, buoys, and beacons. The number of pilotage stations 
under its jurisdiction is 48, and about 800 pilots act under licence from the 
Trinity House.'' 

' Memoir of the Corporation of Trinity House of Deptford Strond, printed for private distribution, by Sir 
Frederick Arrow, Deputy Master, 1868. 

n am indebted to the kindness of Mr. Charles A. Kent, the Secretary of the Trinity House Corporation, 
for the above figures. On comparing Mr. Kent's figures with those given by Sir Frederick Arrow in 1868, the 
increase in 25 years is shown by the following figures: 8 lighthouses, 17 lightships, 95 buoys, 4 beacons, and in 
the working staff zoo persons. The lighthouse at Heligoland belonged to the Trinity Corporation until the 
cession of Heligoland to Germany a few years ago. 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 281 

During my incumbency the Masters of Trinity House have been: — 
The Prince Consort ; Lord Palmerston ; Admiral of the Fleet The Duke 
of Edinburgh, and the Duke of York, elected in 1894 ; and the Deputy- 
Masters: — Admiral Gordon, Captain Pigott, Captain Sir Frederick Arrow, 
Sir Richard CoUinson, K.C.B., Captain Sir Sydney Webb, K.C.M.G. 
The office of Secretary has been filled by : — Messrs. P. H. Berthon, 
Robin Allen, John Inglis, and Charles A. Kent. Mr. Jacob Herbert 
preceded Mr. Berthon, and was fifty-three years in the service of the 
Corporation. The late Engineer-in-Chief was Sir Jas. N. Douglass, F.R.S., 
who built, besides other light-houses, the present Eddystone. The present 
Engineer is Mr. Thomas Matthews, M.Inst.C.E. 

The election of Master, of Deputy-Master, etc., takes place on Trinity 
Monday in every year, and the Corporation, with the Pensioners, attend 
with some ceremony the Parish Church, where shortened Evening Prayer 
is said by the Rector, and a sermon preached by a clergyman specially 
nominated by the Master. When the Duke of Wellington was Master, he 
made a point of attending the service then held in the Parish Church of 
St. Nicholas Deptford, and chose as preacher for many successive years 
the late Canon Melvill — indeed, until the preacher at length asked that he 
might be excused, by length of service. It then became customary to 
nominate a different preacher each year. 

The following well-known clergymen have preached in St. Olave's 
church before the Corporation of Trinity House: — 1866, Rev. Charles 
Kingsley; 1867, Rev. H. M. Birch; 1868, Rev. C. F. Tarver ; 1871, Rev. 
R. Duckworth, D.D., Canon of Westminster Abbey; 1872, Dean Stanley; 
1873, Dr. Vaughan, Master of the Temple, now Dean of Llandaff; 1864 
and 1876, Rev. T. Rowsell, Canon of Westminster Abbey. 

Of late years the Master has usually chosen a Chaplain R.N., 
sometimes the Chaplain of a ship of which he had held command, e.g., in 
1885, Rev. C. J. Corfe, then Chaplain of Royal Marines at Chatham, but 
previously Chaplain of H.M.S. Minotaur, the Duke of Edinburgh's ship. 
In 1889, Rev. C. J. Corfe, was consecrated Bishop of Corea. The Rev. J. 
C. Cox Edwards, Chaplain of the Fleet, preached on Trinity Monday in 

00 



282 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

1 89 1. The Bishop of Rochester (Dr. Davidson) was the preacher in 1892, 
and the Bishop of Ripon (Dr. Boyd Carpenter) in 1894.' 

The Corporation has had several habitations. Their first house 
in London appears to have been at Ratcliffe, and in 1618 a petition to 
James I from the "Merchant Adventurers of Newcastle, for leave to freight 
in strangers' bottoms," was sent to the Master, Wardens, etc., for report, 
and their reply to the Council is dated " Trinity House, Ratcliffe, June 3."' 

Their second London house, which was in Water Lane, between 
Tower Street and Lower Thames Street, and the site and name of which 
(Old Trinity House) are still preserved, was destroyed in the Great Fire. 
This occurred on 4th September, 1666, and Pepys thus refers to it: — "This 
night Mrs. Turner . . and her husband supped with my wife and me at 
night in the ofifice upon a shoulder of mutton from the cooks without 
any napkin or anything, in a sad manner, but were merry. Only now and 
then walking into the garden and saw how horribly the sky looks, all on a 
fire in the night, was enough to put us out of our wits ; and indeed it was 
extremely dreadful, for it looks just as if it was at us, and the whole heaven on 
fire. I, after supper, walked in the dark down to Tower Street, and there saw 
it all on fire at the Trinity House on that side, and the Dolphin Tavern on 
this side, which was very near us ; and the fire with extraordinary vehemence. 
Now begins the practice of blowing up the houses in Tower Street, those 
next the Tower, which at first did frighten people more than anything ; 
but it stopped the fire where it was done. . . The fire is got so far that 
way \i.e., Pye-corner], and to the Old Bayly, and was running down to 
Fleet-street ; and Pauls [St. Paul's Cathedral] is burned, and all Cheapside. 
I wrote to my father this night, but the post-house being burned, the letter 
could not go." 

Hatton describes the Trinity House erected in 1671, in Water 
Lane, after the Great Fire, as a stately building of brick and stone, adorned 
with ten bustos.^ 

Strype says that the house on this site belonged to the Corporation 
of Trinity House before the Great Fire, and " hath been lately burnt down 

' The newly elected Master, H.R.H. the Duke of York, was present, with the Corporation of the Trinity House, 

in St. Olave's Church on this occasion. 
'Cal. State Pap., 1611-1618, p. 543. = Hatton (1708), p. 573. 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 283 

again [1714J ; but is now by the said Brotherhood built up fairly a second 

time In their hall there is an old flag hanging up, which 

they say was taken from the Spaniards by Sir Francis Drake, whose 
picture hangeth up there." 

In the entrance hall of the present house on Tower Hill are models 
of buoys and lightships. The staircase, leading from the hall to the court 
room and the banqueting hall, is semi-circular, and in front of you on 
entering is a large painting by Gainsborough Dupont, representing the 
Elder Brethren in 1794. 

In the court room, are some fine pictures ; the latest being portraits 
of the late Royal Master, the Duke of Edinburgh, and of the Prince of 
Wales by Frank Holl. 

In the banqueting hall, formerly the model room with its glass dome 
well fitted for this purpose, are busts of Nelson, Howe, St. Vincent, and 
Duncan; and portraits of James I, and James II, Sir Francis Drake, the 
Earl of Sandwich, William Pitt, etc. 

The coat of arms of the Trinity House is: — Between a cross gules, 
four ships under sail ; the crest : — A demy lion crowned, or, with a sword 
in his right paw; and the motto: — " Trinitas in Unitate." 

The following words are inscribed on the memorial stone which 
was deposited in the foundation on 12th September, 1793, by the Prime 
Minister of that day, William Pitt, Master of the Trinity House 
Corporation : — 

In usum Societatis Sacrosanctse et Indlviduse Trinitatis optimis 
(licatK auspiciis ; ut neque navigantibus deesset incolumitas, 
nee lumen inter tenebras errantibus, nee emeritis in senectute 
perfugium, nee viduis in paupertate solatium, has sedes 
excitari voluit, Fratribus uno ore consentientibus, 
Gulielmus Pitt, Preeses, vir omni praeconio major, 
hujusce Sodalitii rebus acriter invigilans, et Imperii 
Britannici gubernaculum valida manu tenens, 
Patriae suae, rebus in prosperis dulce decus, in arduis 
Columen ac prsesidium : Die Septembris XII, Anno Georgii III 
Regis XXXIII, /Erse Christians 1793. 

GO 2 



284 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

Pepys was frequently a guest at the Trinity House feasts, and 
refers to them with evident pleasure, as the following extracts from 
his diary will show : — 

1660-61, January 2. This day I left Sir W. Batten and Captn. Rider my chine 
of beefe for to serve to morrow at Trinity-house, the Duke of Albemarle being 
to be there and all the rest of the Brethren, it being a great day for the reading 
over of their New Charter which the King hath newly given them. 

1661-62, February 15. With the two Sir Williams to the Trinity House . . . 
After dinner I was sworn a Younger Brother. Sir W. Rider being Deputy-Master 
for my Lord of Sandwich; and after I was sworn, all the Elder Brothers shake 
me by the hand ; it is their custom, it seems. 

1662, May 26. [This was Trinity Monday.] To the Trinity House where the 
Brethren have been at Deptford choosing a new Master ; which is Sir J. 
Minnes, notwithstanding Sir W. Batten did contend highly for it ; at which 
I am not a little pleased because of his proud lady. 

1662, June 14'''. Over against the scaffold made on purpose this day saw Sir 
Henry Vane brought [to execution] ; the scaffold was so crowded that we 
did not see it done. — So to the office a little and so to the Trinity House 
all of us to dinner. 

September 4''^. At noon we all to the Trinity House where we treated, very 
dearly, I believe, the officers of the Ordnance. ... We had much and 
good musique. ... Sir W"' Compton I heard talk with great pleasure of the 
difference between the fleet now and in Queene Elizabeth's days ; where in '88 
she had but 36 sail great and small in the world ; and ten rounds of powder 
was their allowance at that time against the Spaniard. 

1663, June 15""- To the Trinity House where among others, I found my Lord 
Sandwich, and Craven & my cousin Roger Pepys, and Sir W" Wheeler. . . . 
Both at & after dinner we had great discourses of the nature & power of spirits 
& whether they can animate dead bodies; in all which, as of the general 
appearance of spirits, my Lord Sandwich is very scepticall. 

1663-4, March 23"'. To the Trinity House and there dined very well ; and good 
discourse among the old men. Among other things, they observed that there 
are but two seamen in Parliament, viz.. Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Pen, and 
not above twenty or thirty merchants ; which is a strange thing in an island. 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 285 

1664, June 6'*'. By barge with Sir W. Batten to the Trinity House. Here were at 
dinner my Lord Sandwich, Mr. Coventry, my Lord Craven, and others. A great 
dinner & good company. Mr. Prin also who would not drink any health, no, 
not the King's, but sat down with his hat on all the while; but nobody took 
notice of it to him at all. 

John Evelyn, sworn a younger Brother on 26th March, 1673, 
has several references in his Diary to the Trinity House. Amongst 
others : — ■ 

1666, June II. Trinity Monday, after a sermon, applied to the re-meeting of the 
Corporation of the Trinity House after the late raging and wasting pestilence : 
I dined with them at their new room in Deptford, the first time since it was 
rebuilt. 

The next is — : 

167 1, May 25. I dined at a feast made for me and my wife by the Trinity 
Company, for our passing a fine of the land which Sir R. Browne [Master in 
1673], my wife's father freely gave to found and build their College or Alms- 
houses on at Deptford, it being my wife's, after her father's decease. It was a 
good and charitable worke and gift, but would have been better bestow'd on 
ye poore of that parish, than on the seamen's widows, the Trinity Company 
being very rich, and the rest of the poore of the parish exceedingly indigent. 

The last entry occurs : — 

1685, July 20. The Trinity Company met this day, which should have been on the 
Monday after Trinity, but was put off by reason of the Royal Charter being 
so large, that it could not be ready before. Some immunities were superadded. 
Mr. Pepys, Secretary to the Admiralty, was a second time chosen Master. 
There were present the Duke of Grafton, Lord Dartmouth, Master of the 
Ordnance, the Commissioners of the Navy, and Brethren of the Corporation. 
We went to church [Deptford] according to costome, and then took barge 
to the Trinity House [Water Lane] in London, where we had a great dinner, 
above eighty at one table. 

The number of the Corporation is regulated by a Supplemental 
Charter bearing date 17th November, 1870, 34th Victoria. There are thirteen 
acting Brethren, and eleven honorary Brethren. It will be seen from the 
following list that the latter are princes, statesmen, or officers of high rank 
in the Navy, while the former have been, with but a few exceptions, 
captains in the Merchant Service. 



286 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVKS HART STREET. 

THE ELDER BRETHREN OF THE TRINITY HOUSE, 1894. 

Captain H.R.H. The Duke of York, K.G., etc.. Master. 
Captain Sir John Sydney Webb, K.C.M.G., Deputy-Master. 

H.R.H. The Prince of Wales, K.G., etc. 

H.R.H. The Duke of Cambridge, K.G., etc. 

Captain T. Narramore Were. 

Captain John Fenwick, Warden. 

Captain Edward Parry Nisbet, Warden. 

The Right Hon. William Ewart Gladstone, M.P. 

The Duke of Argyll, K.G., K.T. 

Captain Charles Granger Weller, Warden. 

Admiral Sir Alexander Milne, Bart, G.C.B. 

The Duke of Richmond and Gordon, K.G. 

Captain James Bucknell Atkins, Warden. 

Captain William Ladds. 

Captain George Charles Burne. 

The Earl of Northbrook, G. C.S.I. 

Captain George Rawlinson Vyvyan. 

Admiral Sir F. Leopold M'Clintock, K.C.B., F.R.S. 

Captain Henry Yorke Slader. 

Captain Arthur Edward Barlow. 

The Marquis of Salisbury, K.G. 

Lord George Francis Hamilton, M.P. 

Captain Hector Brabazon Stewart, R N. 

The Earl of Rosebery, K.G. 



Immediately under the shadow of the tower of the church in g;, j^^j^^j 
Hart Street, four houses from Mark Lane, up a gateway, stood for Whittington's 
many generations what was reputed to be the palace of the famous 
Sir Richard Whittington. This is its designation in the old leases, and its 
appearance, especially as to the exterior, seemed to lend probability to the 
tradition. As late as July, 1796, there appeared a letter in the "Gentleman's 
Magazine," giving an account of this "remnant of antiquity," as it then 
existed, with a picturesque engraving of it, which is here reproduced. 

The writer states that the palace, at that time in the occupation of a 
carpenter and a basket maker, " forms three parts of a square, but from 
time and ill usage its original shape is much altered. Under the windows 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 



287 



of the first story are carved in basso-relievo the arms of the twelve com- 
panies of London, except one, which is destroyed to make way for a cistern. 
The wings are supported by rude carved figures, expressing satyrs ; and, 
from its situation near the church, it is probable it was a manor house. The 
principal room has the remains of grandeur; it is about 25 feet long, 15 feet 
broad, and 10 feet high ; the cieling is elegantly carved in fancied compart- 
ments ; the wainscot 
is about 6 feet high, 
and carved, over which 
is a continuation of 
Saxon arches, in bas- 
so-relievo ; between 
each arch is a human 
figure. The ante- 
room has nothing 
worth notice but the 
mantel-piece, which, 
however, is much 
more modern than the 
outside ; as is the ad- 
joining room, which 
belongs to a basket 
maker; it is not quite 
as large as the prin- 
cipal room, but the 
cieling is as superbly 
decorated with carv- 
ing.; on a tablet is 
the date 1609, and on another are the initials M^k. ; this room appears to 
have been fitted up long since the building of the house. In medallions 
on the above cieling are several heads of the Cssars, and two coats 
of arms; a chevron between nine pallets, but no colours are expressed. 
As this plan must have been in perfection at the time of S tow's writing his 
history of London, it is wonderful he has not mentioned it ; and equally so 




whitttington's palace. 



288 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVES HART STREET. 

in Maitland, who has not noticed it; nor did he Walbrook House, which I 
gave a description of some time since in your magazine. I am happy in 
having it in my power to rescue the above beautiful place from oblivion, 
as before long, in all probability, there will not a vestige remain."' The 
writer's prediction as to its disappearance has long been fulfilled. 

A few yards to the east of Whittington's palace, in the olden Monastery of 
time, was the great Monastery of the Crossed, or Crouched g'^j^^^cts'^"^^^ 
(Crutched) Friars. This religious order appears to have been Cruds." 
instituted, or at least re-formed, by Gerard, Prior of St. Mary of 
Morella, at Bologna, and confirmed a.d. 1169 by Pope Alexander the 
Third, who brought the members under St. Austin's rule, and added some 
other constitutions for their government. This Order was introduced 
into England in the year 1244, and had their first House at Colchester. 
Originally, they carried in their hands a cross, affixed to a staff, hence 
the designation — "fratres cruciferi " (cross-bearers) — but afterwards they 
wore a cross of red cloth upon their backs or breasts. Their habit was 
appointed by Pope Pius the Second to be of blue colour. There were not 
more than seven Houses of these Friars in the whole of England, and 
the Order never attained to any great importance.^ 

The founders of the Monastery in this Parish were Ralph Hosier 
and William Sabernes, about the year 1298. Stephen, the tenth Prior of 
the Monastery of the Holy Trinity (founded by Queen Matilda a.d. 1108), 
granted three tenements for the yearly rent of 13.?. M., unto Ralph Hosier 
and William Sabernes who afterwards became Friars of the Holy Cross, 
" Fj'atres Sanctis Cruets." These Friars founded their House in the place 
of certain tenements purchased from Richard Wimbush, or de Wimbish, the 
twelfth Prior of the Holy Trinity Monastery, in the year 13 19, which was 
confirmed by Edward HI in the 17th year of his reign. One Adam was 
elected the first Prior of the Monastery of the Holy Cross near the Tower.^ 

In the year 1359, 2,Z Edward HI, the peace of the House in 
Crutched Friars was seriously disturbed by three of its members, who 

' " Gent. Mag.," vol. Ixvi, pt. ii, p. 545. 

'Dugdale's " Monasticon Anglicanum," vol. vi, pt. 3, p. 1586. Tanner's Notitia Monastica. 
Pref. p. xiv, and viii Middlesex 54. 

' Stow, Strype's edition, book ii, p. 74. Newcourt, vol. i, p. 328. 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 289 

were accused of having carried off by force of arms from the mansion 
of the Prior and Brethren, vestments, books, linen, also the Common 
Seal of the House, and the Bulls Apostolic touching the Order of the 
Holy Cross. The King's aid was invoked by the Prior and Brethren, 
and on October 3rd a Royal Mandate was issued at Westminster ordering 
the Mayor and Sheriffs of London to hold an enquiry. This inquisition 
was made on Saturday, October i8th, before John Lovekyn, Mayor of 
the City of London, John de Chichestre and Simon de Benyngtone, 
Sheriffs. Upon the oath of John Bretoun and of eleven others, who say 
upon their oath, that Brother Robert de Stannowe, Brother John de 
Dunmowe, and Brother Richard de Evesham, belonging to the Order 
of the Holy Cross Monastery near the Tower of London, are three 
malefactors and disturbers of the peace of our Lord the King. They 
allege that between the Feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist 
[June 24th] and the end of the Feast of St. Michael [September 29th] 
by force of arms the three Friars aforesaid took, and against the peace of 
our Lord the King, carried off one Chalice, two sets of Vestments, four 
Portifories [Breviaries], two Psalters, one book called " Legend of the 
Saints," one Epistolar, one set of Institutes [of the Emperor Justinian], 
the Common Seal of the House, fifteen Bulls Apostolic touching the 
Order of the Holy Cross ; also, linen and woollen cloths to the value of 
£%'] 135-. /^d. In witness whereof the jurors aforesaid have hereto set 
their seals. Given at London, October i8th, 1359.' 

The carrying off of the Common Seal and of Papal Bulls of 
privileges conferred on the Order of the Holy Cross, lends a colour to 
the supposition, that this revolt of the three accused Friars was an 
attempted secession with the intention of founding a House of the Order 
elsewhere. What punishment, if any, was inflicted upon the offenders 
is not recorded. 

The Monastery in Crutched Friars must have been in high favour 
with the City at the beginning of the reign of Henry VIII, for a grant 
was then made at the Common Council, held August ist, 15 16, 8 
Henry VIII (to the intent that they should pray for the common estate 

' Memorials from the early archives of Ihe City of London. Translated and edited by Henry Tliomas 
Riley, M.A., p. 303. 

rp 



290 THE ANNALS OB ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

of the City) of some common ground of the said City for the enlargement 
of their Church from the main wall thereof, on the north part into the 
High Street there, and also an enlargement at the west end of the Church. 
Afterwards, at a Common Council holden on Tuesday, September 25th, 
1520, 12 Henry VHI, the said Prior and Convent petitioned for succour 
towards the edifying and maintenance of their new Church, and to take 
upon them and the whole City to be their second founders. Whereupon 
it was agreed that several exhortations should be made in writing to 
every Fellowship in London to see what they would do of their devotions 
towards the same, and such sums to be certified to the Mayor and 
Aldermen to the intent it may be known to what it will amount.' 

But little is known of the inner history of this Monastery. Its 
Church was the burial place of many persons of distinction, whose names 
are recorded by Stow. 

Two Guilds^ of Dutch people were connected with the Monastery 
of the Holy Cross in the fifteenth century. Strype gives particulars of the 
constitution and regulations of these " two fraternities of Dutch men (which 
Nation seemed chiefly to inhabit hereabouts)." I. circa 141 5. " Brotherhed 
of the Fraternite of St. Katheryn founded and ordenyd by Duychmenne 
fourscore years passed in the Crosse Fryers in the Cite of London," cited 
from a deed of reconstitution made October 25th, 1495. H. 1459. The 
Fraternity of the most Holy Blood of Jesus Christ, " Fratrum et Sororum 
Fraternitatis Sanctissimi Sanguinis Jhu Christi in Ecclesia Fratrum ordinis 
Crucis." Dominus Johannes Johnson, Capellanus [Chaplain in 1459]. 

The admission rule of the Guild of St. Katherine quaintly reads, 
" that he or they so admitted and receyvid pay at the Entre two pounds of 
wex [wax] to the encresse of the Light of the said Fraternity." The penalty 
for slander or malicious words, was ten pounds of wax, "or elis give for every 
pound, vi"^ of Money." Refusal to obey the Master, penalty, five pounds of 
wax. For causing a brawl or quarrel "at the Assembles and Drinking 
togidders of the said Brethren and specially upon St. Katheryns day," for 
first offence, five pounds of wax ; for second, ten ; for third, fifteen ; for 
fourth, twenty pounds of wax. The Guild of the Holy Blood combined 

' Mund. Edition of Slow, 1633, " The Remaines or Remnants," etc., p. 934. "Strype, book ii, pp. 74-77. 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 291 

more of the features of a " Benefit Club.'' The entrance fee was xx'' ; 
no fine was higher than two pounds of wax ; a tnember ivas entitled to 
XX'' a week while on the sick list. No one was to leave the Fraternity 
without the permission of all the members, and for this licence the retiring 
member was to pay iii^ iiij'' to the funds of the Fraternity. The Fraternity 
provided four wax torches for deceased member's funeral ; attendance 
at mass for the dead and the offering of i'' per head were obligatory 
on all members within the City of London ; penalty for non-attendance 
one pound of wax. 

In Aggas's Map, year 1560, no appearance of the building is 
indicated beyond a tower occupying the south-east angle of the garden wall, 
and a large house standing in the garden. There is just a small portion of the 
foundation of the Monastery to be seen in the cellars underneath No. 25, 
Crutched Friars, as I am informed by Mr. C. T. Ritchie, a member of the 
firm of Messrs. Domecq & Co., who occupy these premises. 

This Monastery was dissolved November 12th, 1538,' 30 Henry VIII, 
at which time its endowment was ^52 13^-. \d. per annum. The King, in 
1540, granted the site of the Monastery and its gardens to Sir Thomas 
Wyatt, who there erected a mansion " In place of this Church," Stow stated 
in 1598, "is now a carpenter's yard, a tennis court, and such like. The Friers 
hall was made a glass-house or house wherein was made glass of divers 
sorts to drink in, which house in the year 1575, on the 4th of September, 
burst out into a terrible fire . . . and having in it about 40,000 billets 
of wood, was all consumed to the stone walls." Long before Maitland's 
time, 1756, all outward signs of this religious house had disappeared, "but 
in the place thereof now stands the Navy Office, a noble structure ; and 
within the compass of it many other fine buildings."^ 

The site of the Monastery is now covered by a great pile of ware- 
houses, originally the Up-Town depot of the East India Company, and 
subsequently sold to the East India Dock Company which, in 1838, was 
united with the West India Dock Company. In 1888 the Joint Company 

' The deed of surrender signed by Raphael Tornar and five others, was enrolled the same day in the Court 
of Chancery. Letters and papers of the reign of Henry VIII, Ed. J. Gairdner, vol. xiii, pt. 2, p. 320. 
2 " History of London," by W. Maitland, vol. ii, p. 782. 

PP 2 



292 



THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET 



was by Act of Parliament united with the London and St. Katherine 
Docks' Company. 

Adjoining the south part of the choir, or chancel, of the Church The 
of the Friars, in Coopers' Row, formerly called Woodroff Lane, Sir Almshouses. 
John Milbourne, draper. Mayor of London in 1521, founded thirteen alms- 
houses, and bequeathed them, in 
trust, to the Drapers' Company. 

Over the gate, towards 
the street, there was an ancient 
inscription on a four-square 
stone, still remaining in 1775,' 
also, representation of the As- 
sumption of our Blessed Lady 
supported by six angels in a 
cloud of glory. The inscription 
was "Ad laudem Dei & gloriose 
Virginis MARIE, hoc Opus 
erexit Dominus JOHANNES 
MILBOURNE, Miles & Alder- 
man hujus Civitatis, a.d. 1535. 

Sir John Milbourne was 
a benefactor to the Monastery, 
and set up a tomb in the Church 
of the Friars in his life time, 
and appointed an obit to be 
kept there. He was buried in 
the Monastery Church, but his 
body was afterwards removed to the Church of St. Edmund the King. 

The almshouses were still standing, with their pretty gardens at the 
back of them, when I came to the Parish in 1861, but they were not to 
remain much longer. The Drapers' Company had purchased an estate at 
Tottenham, and erected thereon in 1862, at a cost exceeding ^20,000, a 
school-house for fifty boys, with suitable accommodation for the masters, 

' Maitland, vol. ii, p. 786, edition published in 1775. 




THE MILBOURNE ALMSHOUSES GATE\VA\. 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 293 

etc., and twenty-four almshouses. To these houses, in the same year, were 
transferred the almsfolk from Coopers' Row (and from the Company's 
Almshouses, in Beech Lane, Barbican), and extensive warehouses soon 
covered the site in Coopers' Row. The ancient piece of sculpture which was 
over the gateway, is still preserved in the new buildings at Tottenham, but 
the inscription has long since disappeared. 

The next building that claims attention is the Navy Office, where j,^g -^ 
all affairs belonging to the Royal Navy were managed by seven Q.^j'^^g", 
Commissioners, under the Lord High Admiral or Commissioners of the F™rs and 

o beelhing 

Admiralty. It formerly stood in Seething Lane, partly on the site of the ^™^- 
Monastery of Crutched Friars, partly on the site of the Chantry or Royal 
Free Chapel of St. Mary de Berking, a distinct building from the church 
of Allhallows Barking, according to Maskell, though he states that he 
once thought it attached to the main building. 

" This chapel and college were suppressed and pulled down in the year 
1548, the 2nd of King Edward VI. The ground was employed as a garden 
plot during the reigns of King Edward, Queen Mary, and part of that of 
Queen Elizabeth, till at length a large strong frame of timber and brick was 
set thereon, and employed as a storehouse of merchants' goods brought from 
the sea, by Sir William Winter." — Stow, p. 50. Sir William Winter was 
Surveyor of the Queen's ships. 

The Navy Office was in two wards. Nearly the whole of the first 
court with the side buildings, and some part of the office itself, were in 
Aldgate Ward; and the rest of the building, which formed the back part, 
was in Tower Ward. The arrangements of the buildings were somewhat 
like those at the Royal Mint; the office where the Commissioners met being 
placed in the midst of a large court, apart from the residences of the 
Commissioner and principal officers, for the greater security of the books, 
&c., from fire. There were three entrances, the chief gate was in Crutched 
Friars, the others in Seething Lane, and Muscovy Court, but the last was 
merely a back passage with a door into the Navy Office. Reference has 
been made on p. 272, to Pepys as Clerk of the Acts, occupying a residence 
in Seething Lane which adjoined and belonged to the Navy Office. 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 295 

Mr. Wheatley mentions some facts of interest in connection with the 
Navy Office. " Nelson's uncle, Captain Maurice Suckling, was Comptroller 
of the Navy, and resided in this building. The hero was living with him 
when he passed his examination for his lieutenancy, or, as he called it, ' my 
Master of Arts degree.' Another uncle, William Suckling, and his own 
eldest brother, Maurice Nelson, were also employed in the office. The 
earliest letter of Nelson's, which has been preserved, is dated Navy Office, 
April 14, 1777."' 

The building in Seething Lane was sold, and the business of the 
Navy removed in 1786 to Somerset House, the present building, which 
had then been recently erected on the site of the palace of the Protector 
Somerset. In 1869 the business of the Admiralty was transferred from 
Somerset House to Spring Gardens, Charing Cross. 

There was a house in Mark Lane described in 1684 as " that ^heoid Navy 

Ortice m 

which was the Navy Office." Strype wrote in 1720, "Mark Lane, or Mark Lane. 
Mart Lane being so called from a mart there formerly kept. A place now 
well inhabited with divers large houses for merchants, but for the generality 
all old timber houses. The greatest part of this Lane is in Tower Ward, 
to wit from Tower Street unto that part where the Post and Chain is 
placed thwart the street which is above the west end of Hart Street. And 
in this part of the Lane are these places, viz.. Sugar Loaf Alley which 
is but indifferent, over against which is the old Navy Office." 

In the St. Olave's Poor Rate Books the rating of the Navy Office, 
Crutched Friars, first appears in 1656. See p. 234. In 1684 there is 
this entry " Mad".^ Bland for that which was the Navy Office [in Mark 
Lane] 13^-. a^d." See p. 235. 

From this evidence it appears that the building in Mark Lane 
was used as a Navy Office prior to 1656, and that afterwards, probably in 
1660, its business was transferred to the then new Navy Office in Crutched 
Friars and Seething Lane, which latter Office, according to the Rate 
Books, was connected with St. Olave's parish from 1656 to 1786. 

' London Past and Present, edited by H. B. Wheatley, vol. ii, p. 577. 



296 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAFE'S HART STREET. 

Strype's Map indicates the position of the old Navy Office. In 
passing from Hart Street to Mark Lane turn to the left, i.e., in the 
direction of Tower Street, then about 20 yards from Hart Street on the 
left-hand side was Sugar Loaf Alley, and directly facing this, on right- 
hand side of Mark Lane, stood the old Navy Office. 

In Crutched Friars several persons of distinction formerly cmtched 
resided. Dr. William Turner's botanical garden in London, probably *"*'■^■ 
on part of the Monastery grounds, has been referred to, p. 265. Turner 
dedicated to Queen Elizabeth his New Herball, 1568, from "my house at 
London in the crossed Fryers." 

Dr. Baro, or Baron, ordained by Calvin himself, on vacating the 
Lady Margaret Professorship at Cambridge, in consequence of a sermon on 
the Lambeth Articles of 1595, preached, 12th January, 1596, at St. Mary's, 
which gave great offence to the Vice-Chancellor and Heads of Colleges, 
came to reside in Dyer's Yard, Crutched Friars Street, over against 
St. Olave's Church. He died there in 1599, and was carried to his grave 
by six Doctors of Divinity ; Mr. Simpson, the Rector, preaching the 
funeral sermon. "The feature which invests Baro's career with its chief 
importance, is the fact that he was almost the first divine in England, 
holding an authoritative position, who ventured to combat the endeavour 
to impart to the creed of the Church of England a definitely ultra- 
Calvinistic character, and he thus takes rank as the leader in the counter 
movement, which, under Bancroft, Andrewes, Laud, and other divines, 
gained such ascendency in the Church of England in the first half of the 
following century." About 1620, it being asked at Court what the 
Arminians held, the reply was made that they held all the best bishoprics 
and deaneries in England.' 

Dr. White Kennett was also a resident about a century afterwards. 
He was Minister of St. Botolph, Aldgate, 1699; Dean of Peterborough, 
1707; Bishop of Peterborough, 1718; died, 1728. See p. 141, Kennett's 
Visitation charge. Dr. Kennett dated a letter from Crutchet Fryers, 
Decemb. 8th, 171 1, censuring Thomas Hearne, for having represented 

'J. Bass Mullinger in Diet, of National Biography, vol. iii, p. 266. Also see Cooper's " Athence Cantab," 
vol. ii, p. 274. 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 297 

him as casting- a d6ubt on the legitimacy of WilHam of Wickham, and 
Thomas Hearne's reply, December 12th, is superscribed, "For the Reverend 
Dr. White Kennett, Dean of Peterborough, at his House in Crutchet 
Fryers, London."' 

Before we pass from Crutched Friars, attention should be called 
to a solitary example in the parish of an antique London house, 
with projecting stories, N°- 6 in this street. It is very probable that 
before long, a modern building will take the place of this remnant 
of the past. 

Returning through Crutched Friars and Hart Street to the Mark Lane. 
western side of the parish, and the street which in this direction almost 
forms the boundary, viz., Mark Lane; it has been already observed that 
other contiguous parishes share Mark Lane with us, and this is true of the 
principal buildings in it. The Old and the New Corn Exchanges, for 
instance, are partly situated in the parish of Allhallows Barking, and 
partly in that of St. Olave Hart Street. 

The Old Corn Exchange was first opened in 1747; was enlarged 
and partly rebuilt in 1827-28, and completely rebuilt from the designs 
of Mr. Edward LAnson, in 1881. The market days are Mondays, Wed- 
nesdays, and Fridays, but Monday is the principal day, and the hours of 
business are from eleven till three. By an Act passed in 1872, abolishing 
compulsory metage, a fixed duty of T^d. per cwt. was granted for thirty 
years to the city, and is called the City of London Grain Duty. This 
duty is levied on all grain imported into the Port of London for sale, and 
the amount is applied for the preservation of open spaces. 

The New Corn Exchange was built in 1827, under the direction of 
the architect, Mr. George Smith. It adjoins and communicates with the 
Old Corn Exchange. 

The Commercial Sale Rooms are situated on the western side 
of Mark Lane, and have recently been rebuilt. They extend from 
Mark Lane to Mincing Lane, 

' The Itinerary of John Leland, vol. vii, first part, pp. xvii and xx, 2nd ed., Oxford, 1744. 

QQ 



298 THE ANNALS OF ST. OLAVE'S HART STREET. 

The London and Blackwall Railway Terminus, Fenchurch l & b. r. 
Street, must not be passed unnoticed. Part of the station is in the "^^^'""5. 
parish of St. Katherine Coleman, the remainder is in the united parishes 
of St. Olave Hart Street and Allhallows Staining. This railway, which 
was opened in 1841, greatly changed the appearance of the parish of 
St. Olave ; passing as it did through the centre of it and crossing 
Crutched Friars, it at once completely severed Gould Square, and, through 
a somewhat recent widening of the railway, destroyed it altogether. The 
railway is five miles seventeen chains in length, built upon arches, and 
was worked originally by two pairs of stationary engines, one of 400 
horse-power at the Minories station, the other of 200 horse-power, at 
Blackwall. Ropes made first of hemp, afterwards changed for wire (of 
four strands, each composed of forty-two wires), were attached to the 
carriages and extended along the whole length of the railway, guided by 
grooved pulleys, and coiled alternately at each extremity on drums. The 
ordinary railway engines were substituted early in 1849. The portion of 
the line from Fenchurch Street to the Minories was very costly ; it is only 
450 yards in length, and is said to have involved an outlay of ^'250,000. 

The Great Eastern Railway Company erected in 1882 a Station 
at the South-west corner of John Street, Crutched Friars. It is called 
the Fenchurch Street Station (John Street entrance) and is the Terminus 
of the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway. 




THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 

ALLHALLOWS, STAINING. 



CHAPTER XVIII. 

The Cloth-workers' Hall. The present Hall in Mincing Lane inaugurated by the Prince 
Consort, i860. King James I made a Member of the Clothworkers^ Company in ido^. 
Guild of Telarii, 1456. Guild of Fullers, incorporated 1480. Guild of Sheermen, 
incorporated ijo8. Fusion of Guilds of Fullers and Sheermen in the Corporation of 
Clothworkers^ i8th January, 1328. Liberal aids to Technical Education given during 
the last 2j years by the Clothworkers' Company to — i. The Yorkshire College of Science ; 
2. The City and Guilds of London Institute of Technical Education. Mincing Lane, 
origin of the name. Fenchurch Sti-eet, supposed origin of the name; Kifig Henry the 
Eighth's Head Tavern. The Ironmonger^ Hall ; the Company incorporated 1464. The 
Liber Horn MS., ijoi. The Book of Orders for the Companie, I4g8. "Loans and 
Benevolences" in 1323. The present Hall in Fenchurch Street, built in 174S. The 
Company's revenue. J^6,joo per annum from the Betton Trust in aid of Church of 
England Schools. Annual subsidy to the City and Guilds of London Lnstitute at South 
Kensington. The Elephant Tavern, Fenchurch Street ; tradition concerning the paintings 
on the walls, said to have been by Hogarth. Billiter Street and Billiter Square. 

THE CLOTHWORKERS' HALL. 

^^^^^^HE Hall is situated in Mincing Lane, and is bounded on 
the eastern side by the Churchyard of Allhallows Staining, 
but only a small part of the building is in this parish, by 
far the larger part being in the parish of St. Dunstan-in- 
the-East. Since the union of the parish of Allhallows with St. Olave's, 
the Clothworkers' Company have regarded the Church of St. Olave 
Hart Street as their Parish Church, and on Election days the Master, 
Wardens, and Court of Assistants, and their Pensioners have there 
attended Divine Service. 

QQ 2 





TIIK CLOTUWORKERS' HALL. 

Opened by the rriine Consoit in I860. 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 



301 



The original Hall, much damaged but not wholly destroyed in the 
Great Fire, was a small building, principally of red brick. Pepys writes, 
September 7, 1666 : — " But strange it is to see Clothworkers' Hall on fire, 
these three days and nights in one body of flame, it being the cellar full of 
oyle." This building was repaired, and for nearly two hundred years 
afterwards it was the scene of the charities and hospitalities of the 
Company. 

In 1856 and following years the present noble edifice, was 
erected from the design of Mr. Samuel Angell, Architect, and opened by 
the Prince Consort, March 27th, i860. The front is of Portland stone in 
the style of the Renaissance period, with Corinthian pilasters, and boldly 
carved enrichments. The court room and court dining room are on the 
ground floor, and a grand staircase, lighted by a cupola, leads to the 
banqueting hall, a splendid room, eighty feet long, forty 
feet in width and in height. It is divided into five 
bays at the sides, and three bays at the ends, by Corin- 
thian columns of Aberdeen granite, resting on granite 
pedestals. It has a coffered ceiling carried by a cove, 
which is pierced with semi-circular windows, filled with 
the arms of the twelve great City Companies. Five 
large windows on the east side of the Hall are filled 
with stained glass, in which are emblazoned the arms 
of the Company and of past masters and benefactors ; 
the most conspicuous being those of William Lambe,' 
Master in 1569, one of the gentlemen of the King's 
Chapel ; of Samuel Pepys, Master in 1677, and of 
his constant companion, William Hewer, "Will, my 
boy;" Master of the Clothworkers' Company in 1682, 
and a Commissioner of the Navy. Pepys presented to the Company, in 
1678, a richly chased silver cup, said to be the work of Benvenuto 
Cellini. 

At the upper end of the Hall are two gilt statues, of life size, of 

' Lambe purchased from King Henry VIII the hermitage — afterwards called Lambe's Chapel, Monkwell 
Street, Cripplegate — and gave it to the Clothworkers' Company, !ee p. 331. 




302 THE ANNALS OF ALLH ALLOWS' STAINING. 

James I and Charles I, replicas in 1678 of similar statues that were 
destroyed in the Fire of London. 

King James I was admitted a member of the Clothworkers' 
Company in 1607. The circumstances attending his admission are thus 
described : " King James I, June 12, 1607, dined with the Lord Mayor, Sir 
John Watts, Clothworker ; and after went into the Clothworkers' Hall. 
And there was made free of that Company. . . . The Lord Mayor at 
this dinner presented the King with a Purse of Gold. And when he was 
ready to depart the said Mayor besought him out of the great favour which 
he had professed to the Clothworkers Society in particular, that his Majesty 
would vouchsafe to be free of the Clothworkers. Which the King readily 
accepted. And descending from the Dining Room went into the Hall, the 
Mayor bearing the sword before him. And there he was received by the 
Master, Wardens and Assistants. Unto whom the King spake kindly and 
with respect. And asking who was Master of the Company, the Lord 
Mayor answered, Sir William Stone. To whom the King then said. Wilt 
thou make me free of the Clothworkers ? Yea, said the Master, and do 
think myself a happy man that I live to see this day. Then said the King, 
Stone, give me thy hand. And now I am a Clothworker. And after that 
he walked into the garden, and then into the great Parlour, the Lord Mayor 
bearing the sword before him. And while he sat there the Earls of 
Shrewsbury and Cumberland being both free of that Company, presented 
his Majesty with Bread and Wine. Then rising up, he said. Now I drink 
unto all my good Brethren the Clothworkers. And I pray God to bless 
them all, and all good Clothworkers. And for proof of our special favour 
to the Fraternity, I do here give unto this Company two brace of bucks 
yearly for ever, against the Time of the Election of the Master and 
Wardens. Then the Master, the Wardens and Assistants humbly thanked 
his Majesty; and having kissed his hand, the King departed." Strype, 
book V, p. 198, ed. 1720. 

A few words as to the origin of the Clothworkers' Company may 
be of interest. It was formed by the union of two guilds, the Fullers and 
the Sheermen. The craft of Fullers and the fraternity of Sheermen arose 
out of an association of persons subsidiary to the ancient Guild of Telarii, 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 303 

or woollen weavers. By a Deed, dated 15th July, 1456 (36 Henry VI), 
John Badby did remise, etc., unto John Hungerford and others, citizens 
and sheermen of London, a tenement and mansion house, shops, cellars, 
and other the appurtenances lying in Minchin Lane (now Clothworkers' 
Hall) to the use of themselves and their heirs for ever. 

The FuHers were incorporated the 28th April, 1480(20 Edward IV). 

The Fullers resided in the neighbourhood of Whitechapel Church, 
which was originally called St. Mary Matfellon, from " the fullers' teasel " 
(Matfellon) which grew in the neighbouring fields. 

The Sheermen (cloth shearers) were incorporated 24th January, 
1508 (23 Henry VII). 

The two Companies were united i8th January, 1528 (19 Henry 
VIII), under the name and style of "The Master, Wardens, and Com- 
monalty of Freemen of the Art or Mystery of Clothworkers of the City 
of London." 

It is the twelfth on the list of the twelve great companies, from one 
of which, for very many years, the Lord Mayor was always elected. 

There is a prevalent impression that the members of a city guild 
must in all cases have followed the trade after which the guild is called. 

City Companies grew out of religious Fraternities which were 
associated with definite handicrafts ; it is evident, therefore, that the 
practice of the same trade was the original bond of union in a City guild, 
but as guilds developed this rule was relaxed under the constitutional law 
of the transmission of the freedom by patrimony to males and females. 

In the charter of Queen Elizabeth, 8th July, 2 Elizabeth, 1560, of 
the five persons named as Master and Wardens, all but one were of other 
trades, and not master or artisan clothworkers. 

This Company, however, in common with others, has not by any 
means forgotten the industries with which it was at first specially associated. 
Some years ago, the Court invited to a conference at their hall, the leading 
manufacturers of Yorkshire and of the West of England, and it was resolved, 
as the best method of achieving the object they had in view, to create at 



304 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

Leeds, in connection with the Yorkshire College of Science, then in course 
of being established there, a department of textile industries. As a result 
the Clothworkers' wing of the Yorkshire College, comprising the Textile 
industries, Dyeing, and Art Departments, has been built, 1877, and equipped 
by the Company at an expense of ^34,000, and is maintained by them at 
an annual cost of ^2,300. It is said to be the best Institution in Europe 
for the technical training of youths in the Textile, Dyeing and allied 
industries. 

The Company's next work was in connection with the City and 
Guilds of London Institute for the Advancement of Technical Education, 
the inception of which was very materially due to the Clothworkers' Com- 
pany. The total of the Company's subscriptions to the building and 
maintenance of this Institute up to the present time amounts to ^65,000. 

Subventions, too, of a considerable amount have been made to the 
following Technical Schools in Yorkshire : Bradford, Huddersfield, Halifax, 
Dewsbury, Keighley, Shipley, Bingley, Battley, Ossett, Wakefield. Also 
to University College, Bristol (Chair of Chemistry) ; Trowbridge and 
Westbury, Wilts ; Stroud (Gloucester) ; and to Glasgow ; likewise to the 
Polytechnics which are springing up in and near London, especially to the 
Northern Polytechnic at Islington, which would never have come into 
existence but for the liberal aid of the Clothworkers' Company.' 

These examples will be sufficient to show that in days when every 
old institution is expected to justify its existence, the Clothworkers' 
Company is able to prove that it still does good and useful work. 

Mincing Lane runs from Fenchurch Street to Great Tower Minting 
Street, and forms the centre of the market for tea, sugar, spices, and ^"^• 
colonial produce generally. Only one house at the north-east corner of 
Mincing Lane is in the parish of Allhallows. Stow gives the derivation 
of the name thus : — "Mincheon-lane, so called of tenements there, some- 
time pertaining to the Minchuns or Nuns of St. Helen's, in Bishopsgate 
Street. . . In this lane, of old time dwelt divers strangers, born of 
Genoa, and those parts; these were commonly called Galley-men, as men 

'Sir Owen Roberts, J. P., D.C.L., Clerk to the Clothworkers' Company, kindly supplied the above 
particulars of the Company's subventions. 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 305 

that came up in the galleys, brought up wines and other merchandises, 
which they landed in Thames Street at a place called Galley-Key. 
They had a certain coin of Silver amongst themselves, which were half- 
pence of Genoa, and were called Galley-half-pence. These half-pence were 
forbidden in the 13"" year of King Henry the Fourth; and again, by 
Parliament in the 4"" of Henry the Fifth. . . . Notwithstanding, in 
my youth I have seen them pass current, but with some difficulty, for 
that the English half-pence were then, though not so broad, somewhat 
thicker and stronger." Stow, p. 50. 

Alderman Beckford, the father of the author of Vathek [see 
Ironmongers' Hall, p. 309], had his counting house in Dunster's Court, 
Mincing Lane. 

At the corner of Mincing Lane and Fenchurch Street, in one of the 
prettiest scenes in any of his later works, Dickens makes Bella Wilfer sit 
waiting in the canary-coloured chariot, while her father asks leave to dine 
with her at Greenwich.' 

Fenchurch Street, only a small part of which, however, is in penchurch 
the parish of AUhallows Staining, is first mentioned in the City Books Street. 
in 1276, as Fancherche. Stow states, 1598, that it "took that name of a 
fenny, or moorish ground, so made by means of this borne [Langborne] 
which passed through it ; and therefore, until this day, in the Guildhall of 
this City that Ward is called by the name of Langborne, and Fennie-about, 
and not otherwise; yet others be of opinion that it took that name 
of Foenum, that is, hay sold there, as Grasse Street [Gracechurch Street] 
took the name of grass or herbs there sold. It is recorded that William 
Wallace was lodged as a prisoner on his first arrival in London in the 
house of William de Leyre, a citizen in the Parish of AUhallows Staining, 
at the end of Fenchurch Street. Local tradition reported that, in Queen 
Mary's reign, the Princess Elizabeth on her release (in May, 1554) from 
the Tower, where she had been imprisioned, attended Divine Service 
at the Church of AUhallows Staining, and returned thanks to God 
for her liberation. After Service she dined off pork and peas at 

' " Our Mutual Friend," p. 202. 

RR 



3o6 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

" Henry the Eighth's Head Tavern," where a metal dish and cover, said to 
have been used by the Princess, are still shown." 

This historic tavern at the north-west corner of Mark Lane and 
Fenchurch Street, afterwards called the " King's Head," has been recently 
rebuilt, and is now known as the " London Tavern," a regrettable change 
of name from an antiquarian point of view. 



THE IRONMONGERS' HALL. 

On the north side of Fenchurch Street, a litde to the west of Billiter 
Street, is Ironmongers' Hall. The Company was incorporated in the third 
year of Edward IV (1463- 1464) by the name of the Master, Wardens, and 
Commonalty of the Mystery or Craft of Ironmongers of London. Their 
arms, first granted by Lancaster King of Arms, 1455, were ratified and 
confirmed 22 Henry VIII, 2 Elizabeth (1559-1560), and again in 1634, 
10 Charles I. The Ironmongers of London are mentioned for the first 
time in the Liber Horn, an old manuscript still preserved in the City 
records. The writer, who was the Chamberlain of the City, records a 
complaint by the Ferones, i.e., such as dealt in iron, made to Elia 
Russel, the Mayor, against the smiths of the wealds, and other 
merchants. They were charged with bringing down irons of wheels 
for carts to the City of London, much shorter than was anciently 
accustomed. Whereupon an inquisition was taken of lawful and honest 
men, who presented three iron rods of the anciently used length, sealed 
with the seals of the Chamber of Guildhall, whereof one was retained in 
the said Chamber, another was delivered to John Dode and Robert de 

' Mailland's account of the Princess Elizabeth's visit to AUhallows' Church is : — "On Trinity Sunday, the 
19th May, An. 1554, the Princess Elizabeth being by order of Queen Mary, her sister, removed from her long and 
severe imprisonment in the Tower of London to the Castle of Woodstoclc, on her journey thither was permitted 
to perform her devotions in this church ; where after sermon, she gave a handsome gratuity to the parish clerk, 
who, overjoyed at the honour, took divers of his friends home with him to dine on a leg of pork which he had for 
dinner. And in grateful commemoration of the Princess's bounty, annually on that day invited divers neighbours 
to dine with him on the same [kind of] dish ; which anniversary he carefully kept up during his life. And after 
his death, some gentlemen of the parish being willing to perpetuate an anniversary, on that occasion changed the 
time to the 17th of November, the day of Elizabeth's accession to the Crown; on which day, by an amicable 
contribution, they have an annual dinner (under the management of one chosen by the name of General), the 
principal dishes whercoFare boiled legs of pork." Hist, of London, 1756, vol. ii, p. 1058. 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 



307 



Padington, Ironmongers of the Market, and the third to John de 
Wymondeham, Ironmonger of the Bridge. Irons not of the length and 
breadth of such standard irons were in future to be forfeited. This was in 
29th Edward I (i 300-1 301), much earlier than the first charter granted to 
the Company. 

The earliest book in the Company's possession is entitled a 
"Book of Orders for the Companie," begun 1498, 13 Henry VII. The 
following entry will shew the extent to which the Company suffered 




IRONMONGERS HALL, FENCHURCH STREET. 
From aprint, published iSii, belonging to the Ironmongers' Company. 

by the exactions of Henry VIII, termed loans and benevolences: — 
"1523. King Harry the VIII in the xiiij year of his reign borrowed, 
of the City of London 23,000/. of the which sum of money he com- 
manded to have all the money and plate that was belonging to any 
Hall or Craft in London, to the intent that the money might be lent with 
the more ease, at the which commandment he had all our money belonging 

RR 2 



3o8 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

to our Hall, that was the sum of 25/. \^d. ; and also we sold at that time 
this parcel of plate." A list of plate is given, and of the members of 
the Company who at that time lent money to the King. 

The Wardens' accounts date from 1541, 2>2) Henry VIII, and 
illustrate the manners and customs of the citizens of London. Their 
favourite amusements were the pageant, and afterwards the play, and 
reception pageants, when the sovereign condescended to visit the City, were 
as popular as they are in our time, muiatis mutandis. There was great 
expense, and sometimes great ostentation, at funerals ; see p. 238, funeral 
charges, Bayning, 1629, ^2,000 ; and p. 267, Deane, ^500. The principal 
Companies kept State palls, many of which, especially those belonging 
to the Ironmongers', were of great beauty. 

The inferiority of iron in these days to that which was in use some 
three hundred years ago is well known, and is due to the employment of 
coal in place of wood in the smelting. One of the early events connected 
with the Company in the reign of Elizabeth, is an Act for the preservation 
of timber, by limiting its use for smelting iron. All trees growing within 
fourteen miles of the sea or of the principal rivers, that were more than a 
foot square at the lower end, were ordered to be reserved for this purpose. 

The Old Hall of the Ironmongers, an Elizabethan building on the 
site of the present hall, escaped the Great Fire of London, though it was in 
great danger. 

In 1673, the parishioners of Allhallows Staining, their church having 
fallen down, made application to the Ironmongers' Company for the use of 
their hall for divine service, a request which was readily granted. 

The present hall was erected in 1748, from the designs of Thomas 
Holden. The front is of Portland stone, with pilasters of the Ionic Order ; 
and a central pediment contains the Company's arms. The hall, approached 
by a noble staircase, faces the street, and has an air of comfort, as well 
as of elegance. It was decorated in the Elizabethan style in 1847. The 
wainscotting displays the arms of past masters, and other important 
members, the earliest shield being that of Richard de Eure, 135 1. 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 309 

Among the portraits, the most conspicuous are those of Izaak 
Walton, who was admitted to the Freedom in November, 161 8, and 
served as Warden of the Yeomanry 1637-1639; Sir Robert Geffery, Lord 
Mayor, 1685; Thomas Betton, benefactor; Viscount Hood, by Gains- 
borough ; and Lord Exmouth, by Sir W. Beechey. A figure of St. 
Lawrence, martyr, a.d., 258, the patron Saint of the Company, is over 
the doorway. 

In the court room also there are portraits of interest, e.g., Rowland 
Heylin, Master in 1614; Nicholas Leat, Master in 1616, 1626 and 1627 ; 
Thomas Hanby, Master in 1775; John Nicholl, Historian of the Company,' 
and Master, in 1859 ; and S. Adams Beck, Clerk of the Company, 1834- 
1883; whose son, Mr. R. C. Adams Beck, has succeeded him. 

On the landing of the great staircase is the marble statue, formerly 
at Fonthill, of Alderman William Beckford, Master of the Company, 1753, 
presented by his son, the author of " Vaikek." 

This Company, although one of the twelve, is not one of the 
wealthiest. It is reputed to have an income of about ;^2 2,000, but of this 
amount about ^12,000 is derived from Trust property. The Company has 
recently disposed of its Irish estates ; and as its income has been de- 
creasing the Corporation has been compelled to restrict expenditure in 
charity and hospitality. 

Of the charities committed to the care of the Ironmongers' Company — 
the principal is that of Thomas Betton. By his will, dated 15th February, 
1723, he provided for: — (i), the redemption of British slaves in Turkey 
and Barbary ; (2), Church of England schools in the City and suburbs of 
London ; (3), a payment of ^10 annually to the chaplain of Sir Robert 
Geffery's almshouses ; (4), the repair of Geffery's tomb, also of Betton's ; 
(5), the relief of poor freemen of the Company, and their widows and 
children. After the capture of Algiers by Lord Exmouth in 18 16, there 
were no British slaves to be redeemed, and, consequently, in 1830 a scheme 
was settled by the Court of Chancery, under which, after setting aside 
£'j,ooo for the possible redemption of slaves, the remainder of the fund 

' Some Account of the Worshipful Company of Ironmongers, by John Nicholl, 2nd edition, 4to, 1866. 



3IO THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

now producing about ^6,500 per annum, is devoted to the promotion 
of education according to the principles of the Church of England, by- 
annual grants of from ^5 to ;^20 to about 1,100 schools. 

Lack of space prevents my referring in detail to the other charities 
administered by the Company, but mention should be made of the fact 
that out of their corporate funds liberal contributions have been made in 
support of technical education. The City and Guilds of London Institute, 
at South Kensington, for example, from its beginning has received an 
annual donation varying from 250 to 500 guineas." 

The following extracts from the diaries of Pepys and Evelyn 

are of interest : 

1662, Nov. 28th. Up and to Ironmongers' Hall by ten o'clock to the funeral of 
Sir Richard Stayner. Here we were, all the officers of the Navy, and my 
Lord Sandwich. . . Here we had good rings, and by and by were to 
take coach ; and I, being got in with Mr. Creed, into a four-horse coach, 
which they come and told us were only for the mourners, I went out, and 
so took this occasion to go home. — Pepys. 

167 1, Sept. 2 1 St. I dined in the City, at the fraternity feast in Yronmongers' Hall 
where the four stewards chose their successors for the next year, with a 
solemn procession, garlands about their heads, and music playing before 
them ; so, coming up to the upper tables where the gentlemen sate, they 
drank to the new stewards ; and so we parted. — Evelyn. 

This custom is still in use on Election day at several of the 
Companies : for example, the Grocers', the Clothworkers', etc. ; but the 
Ironmongers' Company has ceased to observe it. 



An interesting discovery was made in i860, beneath the courtyard 
of Ironmonger Hall, Fenchurch Street, of a stone coffin, measuring only 
2 ft. 2 in. in length, its width at the head being 7^ inches, and at the base 
5 inches; the chamfer i inch wide and 2^ deep; the length of the cross 
I ft. 7^ ins., and the stone 4 inches in thickness. The coffin, therefore, is 
one of the smallest ever found. A representation of it, is given in the 

' I am indebted for the above details to tlie Idndness of Mr. R. C. Adams Beck, Clerk to the Ironmongers' Company. 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 311 

Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society, at the 
end of vol. ii, a.d. 1864, but no suggestion was offered, it would seem, as 
to the date of the coffin, though the discovery led to some discussion. 

N°- 1 19, Fenchurch Street, a few doors west of the Ironmongers' The 

ij ,. . Elephant 

Hall, is a tavern known now as " The Elephant," and standmg on Tavem. 
the site of a house of historic fame. At the time of the Great Fire, 1666, 
the " Elephant and Castle " tavern, as it was then called, being built 
of stone, resisted the flames, and afforded shelter to many who had 
escaped from the neighbouring houses that were in ruins. William 
Hogarth (originally spelt Hogart) lodged here for some time after his 
father's death, supporting himself by the sale of engravings on copper. 
In 1727, while living here, he received a commission to make a tapestry 
design for Joshua Morris, the upholsterer and tapestry worker. The subject 
was to be " The Element of Earth," and the price £^^0 ; but Morris 
having been told that the designer was an engraver and not a painter, 
repented of his bargain before the work was finished, and then refused to 
pay for it. Hogarth sued Morris, and the case was argued in May, 1728, 
before Chief Justice Eyre. What the result was, is not very certain, for 
Nichols says that Morris was defeated, while Allan Cunningham implies the 
contrary. Austin Dobson agrees with Nichols, and in a note endeavours to 
account for the discrepancy; but Hare, in his "Walks in London," sides 
with Cunningham, and states that Hogarth vainly sued for payment in the 
Courts. " It is believed," he continues, " that this loss induced him to run 
so far into debt with his landlord that he consented to wipe off the score 
with his brush by caricaturing on the wall of the ' Elephant ' tap room the 
parochial authorities who had insulted his landlord by removing the scene 
of their annual orgie to a tavern ' Henry the Eighth's Head ' opposite, and 
insulted Hogarth himself by omitting to send his accustomed invitation." 
The famous picture, "A Midnight Modern Conversation,"' was the result, 
in which every phase of riotry and intoxication was represented, and which 
delighted the landlord by attracting half London to his house. The host of 
the " Elephant " was only too glad to obliterate a second score for the 

^ See Dobson's " William Hogarth,'' p. 253, which gives 1733 as the date of this picture; but makes no 

mention of the others. 



312 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

picture of the " Hudson's Bay Company Porters going to Dinner," in which 
Fenchurch Street, as it then was, was represented ; and to these greater 
pictures the paintings of Harlequin and Pierrot, and of Harlow Bush Fair, 
were afterwards added, so that the " Elephant " became a little gallery of 
the best works of Hogarth. This pretty tradition, however, has been 
called in question. The walls of the " Elephant " were adorned with 
paintings which acquired some celebrity, but there is some doubt as to 
whether these should be attributed to William Hogarth. When the 
" Elephant" was about to be taken down in 1826, great numbers of people 
went to see these " paintings by Hogarth." They were purchased by a 
picture dealer, successfully removed from the walls, and exhibited in a 
gallery in Pall Mall, without, it is said, convincing the experts that they 
were works of Hogarth. 

Billiter Street, which is partly in the Parish of Allhallows Biiiiter street. 
Staining, is on the northern side of Fenchurch Street, opposite Mark 
Lane. It is mentioned as " Belyetereslane " in the will of Roger Crede, 
draper, 1385, Husi., and as " Belleyeterslane " in Jordon's, 1470 flust. 

According to Stow, " Belzettar's Lane was so called from the first 
builder and owner thereof; now corruptly called Billitar Lane." "A place 
consisting formerly of poor and ordinary houses, where it seems needy 
and beggarly people used to inhabit ; whence the proverb, used in 
antient times, 'A bawdy beggar of Billiter-lane,' which Sir Thomas More 
somewhere used in his book which he wrote against Tindal." Strype, 
book ii, chap, iv, p. 54. 

But Professor Skeat, in his " Introductory Lecture on Anglo-Saxon," 
states that "Billiter Lane is Bell-zeter's Lane, the lane where the bell- 
founders lived." And this is the more probable from the frequency with 
which City thoroughfares were named from the trades carried on in 
them, e.g., Ironmongers' Lane, Bucklersbury, Leather Lane, Sopers' 
Lane, Milk Street, Bread Street, but, we have no record of bellfounders 
in Billiter Lane. 



THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS. 313 

Maitland/ in 1756, described BiUiter Lane, thus: "The Buildings in 
Billiter Lane are mostly very old ruinous Timber houses, and may serve to 
give us the best idea of the manner in which this City was generally built 
before the Fire. But the inhabitants are chiefly petty shop-keepers. On 
the East Side, the East India Company have built large warehouses, and 
there are several good modern buildings. . . At the South-east corner of 
Billiter Lane in Fenchurch Street was a house or an estate belonging to 
Cardinal Wolsey, now made two houses, almost facing London Street." 

Billiter Square is on the west side of Billiter Street. Biiuter Square. 

Maitland thus refers to it: "About the middle of [Billiter Street] 
on the west side, is Billiter Square, an handsome, open, and airy place 
graced with good new brick buildings, well inhabited ; and out of this 
square to the south-west, is a handsome Free-stone Passage, called Smith's 
Rents, which leadeth down Fishmongers'-Alley to Fenchurch Street." 

" In a large paved court, dose by Billiter Square, 
Stands a mansion old but in thorough repair." 

Ingoldsby Legends (The Bagman's Dog). 

Voltaire, when in England (1726 to 1729), asked a correspondent 
John Brinsden, wine merchant, to send him tidings of Lady Bolingbroke's 
health, and " direct y"' letter by the penny post at Mr. Cavalier, Bellitery 
Square, by the Royal Exchange." ° 

Nathan Basevi, grandfather of the Earl of Beaconsfield, lived in 
Billiter Square; and on January loth, 1802, Isaac D'Israeli, Esq., of the 
Adelphi, married Miss Basevi, of Billiter Square. 

Mr. William Manning, M.P., a Director of the Bank of England, 
and father of the late Cardinal Manning, was living here when he married 
the niece of Lord Carrington.^ 

' " History of London,'' vol. ii, p. 778. 

2 "Notes and Queries," March 28th, 1868, 4th series., vol. i, p. 293. 

^For aid in this chapter, relating to Fenchurch Street, Billiter Street, and Billiter Square, I am indebted to 
Mr. H. B. Wheatley's valuable work, "London, Past and Present." 

SS 



314 



THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 



During the last few years all the houses on the north side of 
the square, and nearly all on the south side, have been rebuilt, and an 
avenue of offices has been opened westward to Lime Street Square. 

Having in this chapter described the principal buildings in the 
Parish of Allhallows Staining, I purpose giving in the following five 
chapters (xix-xxiii), a short account of its ecclesiastical history, treating 
of its church, monuments (except such as have been mentioned in 
chapter viii), register, advowson, incumbents, and lastly, of the valuable 
and remarkable parochial records of four centuries contained in the 
churchwardens' books. 



PARISH BOUNDARY STONE IN LONDON STREET. 




CON'l'INUATION MARK, 

REMOVED FROM A SITUATION 

TWKNTY-FIVE KEET NOKTMWARl), 

IN OCTOBER, 1853. 



A SHORT ACCOUNT OF 

ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 



THE PARISH, PARISH CHURCH, AND ADVOWSON. 



CHAPTER XIX. 

The dedication Allhallows equivalent in meaning to All Saints. Suggested explanation why 
neighbouring parishes have the same dedication. The adjunct " Staining" thought to 
signify that Allhallows was one of the earliest City churches built of stone. Parish of 
Allhallows Staining mentioned in a will proved in 1281. Conjecture as to the age of 
the Parish. Collapse of the Church fabric, except the Tower, in idji. Re-built 1674. 
The Church of Allhallows taken down in i8jO. The Advowson belonged to the De 
Waltham family in 133S ; the Benefice was given to a Monastery in 1367; after 
1539 became a ^'perpetual curacy;" was made a donative in 1607. Hugh Barcroft, 
owner 1620-1662 ; his idea of a donative. Ultimately the patronage belonged to the 
Company of Grocers. Endowment of Allhallows Staining under London (City) 
Tithes Act 1864, £1,600. Particulars of three Churches built and endowed by the 
Grocers' Company out of funds accruing from Allhallows Staining. 

HE dedication, Allhallows, was in Pre- Reformation times a 
favourite one for churches. In later years a dedication of 
similar meaning, i.e., All Saints, has been preferred, and the 
term Allhallows is now usually restricted to All Hallows' Eve, 
October 31st. It can scarcely escape notice that the churches of many City 
Parishes have the same dedication, though the parishes are near one 
another, sometimes even contiguous. Thus in the heart of the City no 
less than eleven churches were placed under the protection of St. Mary the 
Virgin, viz., the mother church of St. Mary Aldermary ; and the daughter 

ss 2 




3i6 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

churches distinguished by the adjuncts of Le Bow, Abchurch, Bothaw, 
Somerset, Mounthaw, Woolnoth and Woolchurch (united after the Great 
Fire), Colechurch, Staining, and furthest from the centre, Aldermanbury. 
In the eastern division of the City no one dedication prevailed so widely, 
but the parish of St. Katherine Cree adjoins that of St. Katherine Coleman, 
AUhallows Staining almost touches the parish of Allhallows Barking, 
while the churches of Allhallows Lombard Street, and Allhallows London 
Wall, are at no great distance apart. There were eight churches in the 
City dedicated to Allhallows, but only three of these now remain. 

The probable reason why neighbouring parishes have the same 
dedication is, that many of these parishes were formed through the sub- 
division of the original parish. When new churches were erected in a 
parish and districts assigned to them, the daughter churches retained the 
same dedication as the original parish, but added to this some local 
distinctive title. 

The Parish of Allhallows is commonly supposed to have received its 
distinctive adjunct Staining, or " Stane-Church, from a difference from other 
churches of that name in this Citie, which (of old time) were builded of 
timber, and since were builded of stone." Stow, p. ']'].'' It may, however, 
have derived its name, as Mr. Loftie suggests, "from a certain holding in 
the City, which is mentioned in Domesday Book, and, apparently, still earlier 
in a charter of Edward the Confessor addressed to ' William, bishop ; 
Harold, earl ; and Esgar, staller,' as belonging to the manor of Staines."^ 

The earliest document in which I have found special mention made 
of this parish is dated 1281, the will of "Ralph de la More,^ 9 Edward I, 
who must have possessed considerable property in the City, for there are 
bequests of houses and rents in All Hallows de Staningecherch, and five 
other parishes, and of his capital mansion in Marte lane, in All Hallows 
de Berkinge cherch." 

Another early mention of the parish is in 131 1, 4 Edw. II, when 
"Walter de Gloucestre,^ leaves to Dyonisia his wife his tenement in the 
parish of All Hallows de Stanyngcherche for life." 

'This derivation of Staining is found in the second edition (1603) of Stow's Survey. 
- Loftie's " Historic Towns," London, p. 164. » Dr. Sharpe's Calendar of Wills. 



THE PARISH AND THE PARISH CHURCH. 



317 



Both the parish church and the parish are named in the will of 
Richard le Merk,' tapicer, 20 Edw. Ill, 1347, who directs that his body be 
buried in the church of All Hallows de Stanyngchirche, and that his brewery 
and shops in the said parish be sold to maintain chantries in the said 
church. Merk was a maker of tapices or tapestry, probably some kind of 
carpet, and evidently a leading man in the craft, as he was one of six 
" chosen of the trade " to show unto the Lord Mayor and Aldermen the 
Ordinances of the Tapicers, which were approved in the Court of Husting, 
4 Edw. Ill, 1331.'' 

In the former half of the fourteenth century one meets with various 
modes of spelling the name of the church, e.g., Stanenecherche in Hugh de 
Waltham's will, 1335;' Stannychurche in Gilbert Atte Leye's "junctuarius" 
(joiner), 1349;' and Stanenchirche near Blaunchapelton in the will of 
Thomas de Maryns, 1349.' Blaunchapelton, it may be here observed, was 
the name of a manor situated at the north-east corner of Mark Lane, and 
belonged in the time of Richard II to Sir Thomas Roos of Hamelake. 

With regard to the question when a church was first erected on the 
site of Allhallows Staining, if the tradition be correct which regarded this 
church as one of the earliest of stone churches erected in London, possibly 
the Fires of 1087 and 1136 had brought home to men's minds a conviction 
of the desirability of building churches with stone instead of wood, and 
about 1 140 may be suggested as the conjectural date of the stone church. 

THE CHURCH. 

The church of Allhallows Staining, which was taken down in 1870, 
had been re-built in 1674, but the tower, which was left standing when the 
rest of the church was removed, is over four hundred years old, and is a 
good example of the Perpendicular style of architecture. It has two pointed 
arches on the south and east sides, and in the west wall are a pointed 
window with one mullion and a quatrefoil, and a small window with a 
cinquefoil in the arch. The height of the tower is about seventy feet, and it 
formerly contained six bells, besides the " Sanctus." One of them bore the 
date 1458, but the inscriptions on the others had become illegible. 

' Dr. Sharpe's Calendar of Wills. ^ Riley's " Memorials," p. 179. 



3i8 



THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 



According to Malcolm/ there was a tradition in the parish that those 
bells were rung with so much zeal when the Princess Elizabeth was released 
from the Tower of London, previous to ascending the throne, that she 
afterwards presented the ringers with a set of silken ropes. See footnote 
on p. 304. 




ALLHALLOWS STAINING, THE CHURCH AND PARSONAGE IN 181O. 



"This Church," Strype says, "escaped the Great Fire, but some 
years after fell all down, yet giving some warning of its fall to the sexton, 
that was then digging a grave near the foundation of the wall, who conveyed 
himself hastily away, and saved his life." To this catastrophe there is an 

' " Londinium Redivivimi," vol. ii, p. 23. 




CO 






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320 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

allusion in the marriage register, where the following entry occurs : " 167 1, 
November 25th. The Church fell down, so that (30th) Richard Clare and 
Ann Cosins were married at Barking." Malcolm suggests with great 
probability what it was that caused the fall of the church walls : " The 
Tower, and that part of the west end of the old church immediately attached 
to it, did not fall ; from which circumstance, and the firm appearance of it 
at present [1803J, I am persuaded the foundation was undermined and 
weakened by the pernicious practice of making graves within and close 
to places of worship." A vigorous effort was made by the Rev. William 
Holland to obtain funds for raising again the tabernacle that had fallen 
down. It is recorded, 1674, March nth, "that the Minister and Church- 
wardens went from house to house soliciting subscriptions to re-build the 
church, the estimate for which amounted to ;^ 1,300. Mr. Holland, the 
incumbent, promised the Vestry ^300 from non-parishioners, if they could 
obtain ^1,000 from the inhabitants of the parish, and several parishioners 
contributed ^50 each." In the Baptismal Register there is the following 
note : " 1674, June 25. The ffoundation of the Church was layd hord prima 
post merid. Mr. Wilh Holland, Minister, layd the first." In re-building 
the church the principal workmen were Edward and James Goodman, 
carpenter and bricklayer, who may possibly have been the architects also. 
It was lighted by two large arched windows on the north, and two on the 
south, and there was a fifth in a recess at the back of a small gallery. The 
reredos was of the Corinthian order, with two pillars, and two pilasters, sup- 
porting a cornice and pediment. The Lord's Table was of rich mahogany, 
and the pavement within the railing of black and white marble. The 
pulpit, over which there was at one time a sounding board, and the prayer- 
desk were in the centre of the south wall ; the former enriched with carving 
of fruit and flowers. The font, simply a marble basin on a pedestal, stood 
at the west end of the church. 

As to the patronage of the church, Newcourt states that it was The 
of old a rectory, in the family of the de Walthams. As far back as 8 Advowson. 
Edward III, 1335, we find Hugh de Waltham, Clerk of London (in the 
margin styled Common Clerk of London, i.e., Town Clerk), leaving to 
Stephen de Waltham, his son, inter alia, the advowson of the Church of 



THE ADVOWSON. 321 

All Hallows de Stanenecherche, for life, with remainder to Margery his 
daughter. The Town Clerk, as appears from his will, was a rich man, 
and had married Juliana, the daughter of Alderman Nicholas Picot, who 
bequeathed to her and her husband his capital mansion in St. Peter de 
Cornhill 131 2.' 

In 1366 the patron was William Hynelond, priest (will, 1372, 
Hust.). Reference to him will be found in connection with St. Olave's, 
in which parish he had certain tenements, which were left, in trust, for 
keeping his obif" in the church where he might happen to be buried. 
In 1367, however, 14 Kal. March {i.e., February i6th), Simon de Sudbury, 
Bishop of London, gave the rectory and the parish church to the Abbot and 
Convent of the Cistercian Abbey of Grace, ^ near the Tower of London, then 
newly founded, and the only abbey of this order in London. For the See 
of London an annual charge of 65. id., and for the Dean and Chapter 
of St. Paul's of 2)^. 4flf., were reserved, and the Abbey, after supplying the 
cure with a monk or a secular priest, was entitled to the residue of the 
profits. On the dissolution of the Abbey of Grace, in 1539, the ownership 
of the benefice devolved to the Crown. In 1607 King James I granted 
the patronage of this benefice with the privileges of a donative {see p, 349) 
to George Bingley and William Blake, reserving a fee farm rent of ^8, 
payable to the King and his successors. This sum represents what the 
rectorial value of the appropriated benefice was to the Abbey of Grace in 
1539 {see p. 354). Bingley and Blake in 1608 disposed of their rights to 
Humfrey Barcroft, clerk. After the death of Humfrey Barcroft, his widow 
granted on February 25th, 161 1, a lease of the benefice for 93^ years, at 
the yearly rent of ^68, to Francis Halliday, who became Incumbent of 
AUhallows in 161 1. In 1620 Hugh, son of Humfrey Barcroft, leased it for 
3^ years to the parishioners, at the yearly rent of ^70 \os. In 1623, on 

'Dr. Sharpe's "Calendar of Wills. " 

^ There are directions for the supply of torches and wax tapers, with hems (cum braunchis) and 
mortars, &c., at his funeral and obit; the former word meaning iron frames for fixing tapers, so called from 
resembling a harrow ; the latter, low basins at the choir door for burning tapers in, used at matins and 
funerals, whence probably the name. Dr. Sharpe's " Calendar of Wills." 

'Also styled Easlminster. This Abbey was situated on Little Tower Hill to the north of the place 
where the Mint now stands. See chapter xxii. 

TT 



322 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

payment of a fine of ^24, Hugh Barcroft renewed this lease for 5 years, 
i.e., from Michaelmas, 1623, to Michaelmas, 1628, and this system of 
leasing the benefice to the parishioners, leaving it to them, out of the small 
balance of the tithes remaining, to provide for the cure of souls, prevailed 
for the next 30 years. The tithes of the parish were valued in 1636' at 
^86 6s. The parishioners therefore had, presumably, a balance of about 
£16 a. year, the parsonage, and the surplice fees with which to provide the 
parish with an Incumbent. In 1655 the Attorney-General (Prideaux) 
intervened ' on behalf of the Crown's reserved fee farm rent of ^8, and 
on behalf of the parishioners. The Attorney-General in his indictment set 
forth that the defendant (Hugh Barcroft) had not for years paid the fee 
farm rent of ^8, and, secondly, had not provided a minister to officiate in 
the Church of Allhallows Staining, in violation of the terms of the grant, 
4 James I, to Bingley and Blake. The defendant answered, that in the 
leases granted, the parishioners covenanted to make choice of, and provision 
for, a minister, and, that he had for some years past paid the fee farm rent of 
^8. The Court decreed, that Barcroft should in future provide for the 
cure and discharge all other claims under the grant of the Crown 4 James I. 
About seven years after this action, the ownership of the benefice passed to 
the Grocers' Company. Lady Slaney by her will, dated October 20th, 1607, 
bequeathed the sum of ^2,000 to the Company of Grocers for the purpose 
of purchasing " impropriate " ^ benefices. The Grocers' Company with 
Lady Slaney's bequest purchased about the year 1663* the advowson of 
Allhallows Staining, with all rights and privileges attached to it. For some 
time the Company, in accordance with the terms of the Slaney bequest, 
applied a part of the tithes to the purchase of another advowson, but this 
course was afterwards abandoned, and no part of the revenue of the living- 
retained by the Grocers' Company. Newcourt wrote in 1700 : "This church 
is now a donative or curacy in the gift of the Company of Grocers," and in 

'An abstract of the Yearly Values of the Parsonages and Vicarridges in London and the Liberties thereof; 
given in to the King and Council, 1636. 

2 The Attorney-General v. Hugh Barcroft, Clerk. Court of Exchequer, July 4th, 1655. 

'" Impropriate" means that a part of the tithes (usually that portion called the great tithes) is paid to a 
layman. •' Approjiriated tithes " in former days signified they were paid to a Monastery— in the present day, where 
such tithes exist, the payment is to a Cathedral. In the case of a Monastery or a Cathedral these tithes were 
" appropriated " to the support of religion. 

'The City of London Livery Companies' Commission. The Grocers' Company, p. 18. 



THE ADVOWSON. 323 

their gift it remained till the union of the benefice with that of St. Olave 
Hart Street in 1870. In 1865 {see "London Gazette" of March 21st, 
1865) the tithes of the parish of Allhallows Staining were commuted, under 
the London (City) Tithes Act, 1864, at ^1,600 per annum. 

With regard to the Advowson of Allhallows Staining, which had 
belonged to the Grocers' Company since 1663, in lieu of this Advowson 
the Company has the patronage of the following three churches, built and 
endowed in accordance with the provisions of Lady Slaney's (Trust) 
Estate Act, 1869 : — 

/. Allhallows, Bromley-by-Bow ; Devon Road, E. Consecrated 
1 8th August, iSy^. Endowment £500 per annum, and a 
residence, adjoining the Chztrch, built at the Company s expense. 
Rev. John Percy Noyes, rector. 

This was the first church (cost £\o,oo6) erected out of the sale 
proceeds of the sites of the church and parsonage of Allhallows Staining, 
Mark Lane. 

The Grocers' Company, at its own cost, has built a Parish Room 
adjoining the church, and contributes ;^I50 per annum to the Curate's 
Stipend, provided that he be duly licensed by the Bishop. 

//. St. Anthony, Stepney : Globe Road, Mile End Road. Consecrated 
joth July, i8yg. Endowment £Soo per anmim. A grant of 
£100 per annum for a residence. Rev. J. W. Gedge, rector. 

This was the second church (cost ^9,000) erected under Lady 
Slaney's (Trust) Estate Act, 1869, and is dedicated to the Patron Saint 
of the Grocers' Company. 

A Parish Room, a Gymnasium, and Class Rooms adjoining the 
church, have been erected at the cost of the Grocers' Company. The 
endowment, and the grant towards the Curate's Stipend, are the same as 
those of Allhallows Bromley-by-Bow, E. 

TT 2 



324 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

III. St. P mil's. Homer ion; Glyn Road, High Street, Homerton. Con- 
secrated 23rd July, i8gi. Endowment £500 per annum. A 
grant of £100 per annum for a residence. Rev. W. Ernest 

Andrews, rector. 

This is the third church (cost ;^ 11,800) erected under Lady Slaney's 
(Trust) Estate Act, 1869, and is built on land given for the purpose 
by Mr. Glyn. 

The outlay of the Grocers' Company, from its own corporate funds, 
in connection with the parishes of Allhallows Bromley, and St. Anthony 
Stepney, has exceeded ^7,000, besides annual allowances. In the case of 
St. Paul's Homerton, the Parish Room has not yet been built.' 





Population. 


Endowment. 


Church 
Accommodation. 


Allhallows Bromley-by-Bow 


11,429 


500 


800 


St. Anthony, Stepney 


S.S34 


500 


800 


St. Paul, Homerton 


2,245 


500 


800 



The Company of Clothworkers purchased from the Ecclesiastical 
Commissioners for about ^13,000, the sites of the Church and Parsonage of 
Allhallows Staining, subject to certain conditions, among others, not to pull 
down, but to keep in repair the tower of the church, and not to build upon 
the sites of the church, churchyard, and parsonage, other than a certain 
defined portion fronting Mark Lane. The freehold of the churchyard is 
vested in the rector of the united parishes. See Appendix. Order in 
Council, 31st March, 1870. 

' For the above particulars I am indebted to Mr. R. V. Somers-Smith, Clerk to the Grocers' Company. 



THE MONUMENTS. 



CHAPTER XX. 

Ancient Monuments formerly m the Church of Allhallows, Staining; particulars given by 
Stow in l6oj, Munday in l6jj, and Strype in 1'J20. The Churchyard in Star Alley, 
Mark Lane. Three Gravestones left in position in iS'jj ; inscriptions : I. John 
Barker, 170 ; 2. Mary Ann Clabon, i82g; j. Jane Mary Sharpe, 182 J, and 
Rev. Lancelot Sharpe, rector of Allhallows, 1851. Crypt, to the south of Allhallows'' 
Church Tower, formed of materials transferred from Lambe's Chapel, Monkwell 
Street. Two Brasses — Weldon, IS95 J Bestney, i6og — removed from Lambe's Chapel 
to Crypt in 1872 ; transferred to St. Olaves Church in i8g3. 

ANCIENT MONUMENTS FORMERLY IN THE CHURCH. 

N this Church," says Stow, "have beene 'divers faire monu- 
ments of the dead ; namely, — of John Costin, girdler, a 
great benefactor ; he deceased 1244. [Stow, in writing this 
date, seems by a slip of the pen or of memory, to have mis- 
placed the figures, and written 1244 instead of 144 2. J His name remaineth 
[1603] painted in the church roofe ; if it had beene set in Brasse, it would 
have beene fetched downe." 

Sir Robert Test, Knight of the holy Sepulchre, and Dame Joan his 
wife, about i486. 

Robert Stone. 

Sir John Steward and Dame Alice his wife. [In his will, 1449, he 
directs his body to be buried " in tumulo pro me ibidem ordinato prope 
summum altare."] 

John Bostocke, esquire. 




326 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

Christopher Holt. Strype adds, in 1720: — " A fair marble tomb in 
the south wall of the quire," and gives the following inscription : — 

Our Holt, alas ! hath stint his hold, 

By Death call'd hence in haste, 
Whose Christen name, being Christopher, 

With Christ is better plac't. 
In Sawton born of gentle sace. 

In London spent his days, 
A clerke that serv'd in customehouse 

In credit many wayes. 
So that altho' we feele the lofse 

Of this so deare a friend. 
His life spent well, while he was here. 

Hath gain'd a better end." 

Sir Richard Tate, knight, Ambassador to King Henrie the eight, 
buried there, 1554. His monument remaineth yet [1603] ; the rest being 
all pulled downe, and swept out of the church, the Churchwardens were 
forced to make a large account, twelve shillings, that yeare for Broomes, 
besides the carriage away of stone and brasse, of their owne charge. 

The above are mentioned by Stow. 

A small monument in the east wall in memory of John Mun, 
citizen and mercer of London, who deceased the third day of June, 1615 ; 
he gave towards the repairing of this church ;!f 100. 

Beneath in the lower part of the church a fair plated stone with this 
inscription: — "Mary Benam lying here buried, gave ^10 \s. for ever 
yearly to this Parish, and the Parish of St. Olave's in Hartstreete," &c. 

The following are given by Strype under the head of " monuments 
of later times."' A table by the pulpit. Praise God for John Costine, 
girdler, a good benefactor to the poor of this parish, who dyed anno 1442, 
and left lands out of which the poor have ever since had, and are to have 
distributed among them one hundred quarters of charcoal yearly for ever. 

John Costyn, girdler, by his will dated ist August, 1442, proved in 
the Court of Husting in 1447, "bequeathed to Johanna, his wife, the 
reversion of certain shops, land, etc., in the alley called ' le Peynted Aley,' 
and in Martlane in the parish of All Hallows de Stanyngchirch charged 

' Strype 's Stotv, 1720, Book II, p. 159. 



THE MONUMENTS. 327 

with observing his obit, with silent mass of one of the five joys" of the 
glorious mother of God, and with other religious and charitable uses, and 
further with the distribution between the Vigil of All Saints and Easter 
Eve, so long as his wife shall live, of 100 quarters of coal among the poor 
of the parish, if there shall be so many poor dwelling therein, or else to the 
poor in the next parish within the Tower Ward, a single man or woman 
receiving weekly one bushel of good measure " full be heped." After the 
death of his wife the lands and tenements to go to Alice, his daughter, wife 
of Thomas Pecke, in tail, subject to similar restrictions ; remainder to 
the Mayor and Commonalty of the City of London, subject to the same 
obligations, for the maintenance of the water conduits of the City. In 
default the property to go over to the Vicar of St. Laurence Jewry, and 
the Wardens of the Girdlers' Company in trust for sale, the proceeds to be 
applied for the repair of bridges and highways, for marriage portions and 
other pious and charitable uses." Sharpe's "Calendar of Wills,'' vol. ii, p. 513. 

Until the Scheme under London City Charities Act, 1883, came 
into operation, the names of persons chosen by the Rector and Church- 
wardens were sent, annually, to the Keeper at Guildhall, and fifteen 
or sixteen received two or thee bushels of coal, forty bushels a week 
in the whole, for twenty successive weeks from 31st October. 

Anne Farrington, 1641, late wife of Caldwal Farrington, citizen 
and merchant of London. 

Ralph Handson, citizen and ironmonger, of London, a benefactor 
to this Parish, 1653. And his wife. 

Seven children of Edmund Trench, Doctor in Physic, and Mary 
his wife. He deceased 1669 and she 1690. Also Sarah, daughter of 
the said Edmund and wife of Sam. Barton, D.D., 1708 (Prebendary of 
Westminster). 

Ralph Macro, sprung of Italian parents, 1672. 

In north aisle — Captain Richard Turvile and Edith his first wife. 
He departed 1693. 

Turvile Norton, his grandson, 1694. 

' Also called the joyful mysteries, viz., (l) The Annunciation, (2) The Visitation, (3) The Birth of Christ, 
(4) His being carried as an infant into the Temple, {5) The finding Him there among the Doctors. 



328 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

Other persons who probably were buried here before the record of 
the parish Register begins : — 

Diis Galfridus Helpeston directed that his body be buried in the 
churchyard, 1379. {See Will, Comm. Ct., 1379.) 

Dnu Thoma firmariu 01m scorn Stanyng, 1393. {See Will of Jo: 
Bateman, Commt. Ct. 1393.) 

William Baddeby, citizen and grocer, to be buried in the church of 
Allhallows de Stanyngchirche " in capella bte Marie Virginis ifem coram 
crucifixo . . in puteo ubi Jotina nup uxor mea jacet sepulta." 1398-9 
Hust. He bequeathed a certain rent charge for the maintenance of a 
chantry in the church of Allhallows. 

John Pyken, citizen and brewer, directs that his body be buried in 
the church near Robert his son, 1433. — He was a native of St. Gorran, 
Cornwall. {See Will, Comm. Ct. 1432-3.) 

Olyver Claymond, citizen and clothworker, in his will directs that 
his body be buried in the church of Allhallows Staining, 1540. {See 
Will, P.C.C., 1539-40, 4 Alenger). 

Olyver Claymond, who was churchwarden of Allhallows Staining 
in 1535, in the first codicil to his will, bearing date the last day of February, 
the 31st year of Henry VI H (a.d. 1539-40), proved in 1540 in the Court of 
Husting, bequeathed unto the Cloth workers' Company certain messuages in 
the parishes of St. Christopher "next the Stokkes of London," St. Olave 
near the Tower, and St. Nicholas Aeon, after the decease of his wife Ann, 
they paying unto Thomasine, one of his daughters, £\ sterling per annum, 
and also " yearly providing the Paschal light and Sepulchre light at Easter 
within the Church of Allhallows Stayning, and also finding yearly 4 staff 
torches and the garnishing of 24 other torches, within the said church upon 
Corpus Christi day to accompany reverently the Sacrament." 

The Parish regularly received 20^-. per annum from the Clothworkers' 
Company till 1874 when, under an Order of the Charity Commissioners, 
the sum of ^50 was invested in the name of the Official Trustees of 
Charitable Funds. 

The fifteen monuments removed from the church of Allhallows 
Staining to St. Olave's, on the union of the two parishes (1870), have 
been described in chapter viii. 



THE MONUMENTS. 329 

THE CRYPT. 

In 1873, when the Churchyard, situated in Star Alley,' Mark Lane, 
was laid out as a garden, the old gravestones, with three exceptions, were 
covered with earth, but previously an accurate plan had been made, under 
the direction of Mr. Frederick William Porter, Architect and Surveyor to the 
Clothworkers' Company, indicating the gravestones in their several positions, 
and a copy of all the legible inscriptions was annexed to the plan. A copy 
of the plan, with the inscriptions, is preserved among the parish records of 
Allhallows Staining, in the Vestry of St. Olave's Church, Hart Street. The 
three gravestones still standing with the inscriptions are as follows :— 

1. In memory of John Barker, who died October \G^' 1796, Aged 
58 years ; also Margaret Barker, wife of the above, who died April 2"^' 
1 81 3, Aged 81 years ; also Robert Barker, son of the above, who died 
April lo"'' 1 8 19, Aged 43 years. On flat body stone: — ^Sacred to the 
memory of M""- Joseph Barker, formerly of this parish, late of St. Leonard 
Shoreditch, who departed this life December I4"'' 1835, Aged 66 years. 
The above Joseph Barker Bequeathed the sum of .^150 to be invested in 
the three per cent. Consols for the benefit of William Winter's children 
belonging to this parish, the interest only thereof to be laid out in purchasing 
their freedom, after serving their apprenticeship to a freeman of the City of 
London ; on the condition that the Churchwardens and trustees of this 
parish preserve his grave and flat stone thereon for ever. 

2. Sacred to the memory of Mary Ann, the beloved wife of John 
Clabon, who departed this life the 6"' of April, 1829, Aged 46 ; also Mary 
Ann, daughter of the above, who departed this life the 28"^ Ocf- 1823, Aged 
4 years; also of the above named John Clabon, Vestry Clerk of All Hallows 
Staining for 48 years, who departed this life the 29"" June 1868, Aged 79, 
and was buried at the Gravesend Cemetery. 

3. Sacred to the memory of Jane Mary Sharpe, wife of the Rev'' L. 
Sharpe, rector of this parish, she died June 3''^' 1823, Aged 41 years ; also 
of their children, Mary, who died May 30"'' 18 14, Aged 2 years ; Philip, 

' Former name, Church Alley. " By this Church sometime passed a lane called Cradock's lane, from Mart 
lane, winding by the north side of the said church into Fenchurch Street, the which lane being straitened by 
incroachments, is now called Church Alley." Stow, p. 77. The east end of the Church of Allhallows Staining 
was in Mark Lane. 

UU 







:;^*!;-:.";a»i«ia 



Ar.LHAI.LOWS, STAINING. 
From a Photograph taken in tS'jo ; — the Crypt is on the South side of Toiver. 



THE MONUMENTS. 331 

who died in the East Indies, February, 1824, Aged 15 years ; James, who 
died February, 1843, Aged 28 years; Alexander, who died April 22"'^' 1843, 
Aged 30 years ; also of the above, Rev. Lancelot Sharpe, M.A , F.S.A., for 
fifty years rector of this parish, he died October 26'''' 185 1, in the 78"' year 
of his age ; also of Clarence Henry, son of the above Rev*^' Lancelot Sharpe 
and of Mary his wife, he died January 22"'*' 1832, Aged 2 years; also of 
Mary, relict of the above, she died January 29'*"' 1869, Aged 80 years. 

In 1873 a Crypt was formed on the South side of the Tower 
of Allhallows' Church to receive the remains found in the Crypt under 
Lambe's Chapel of St. James-in-the- Wall, Monkwell Street, when that building 
with the almshouses adjacent were taken down, under an Act of Parliament 
obtained by the Clothworkers' Company, and the site built over. The Church 
of St. James the Apostle, and Almshouses, were erected by the Company in 
Essex Road, Islington. The old Chapel was part of the Hermitage of 
St. James in the Wall, founded by Robert de Bossu, and dedicated to the 
Virgin Mary, and was a cell belonging to the Cistercian Abbey of Garendon in 
Leicestershire. At the dissolution of monasteries in England it was 
granted {see Patent Roll 34 Henry VIII, pt. 12, m i) for the sum of 
^632 I'js. id. to WiUiam Lambe, Citizen and Clothworker, who endowed and 
bequeathed it to the Clothworkers' Company, of which he was a member 

The present Crypt was constructed, as far as possible, from the 
materials of the old Crypt in Monkwell Street, which was a remarkably 
pure specimen of the Norman style of architecture. The vaulted roof was 
originally supported by nine short columns, with very ornate capitals, but 
only six remain, and the intersecting ribs of the groining have zig-zag 
mouldings and a spiral ornament. The carved work is of Caen stone.' 

In the Crypt, lying on the floor, were two brass plates in their 
matrices, part of the Memorials of Lambe's Chapel, removed in 1893 by 
permission of the Clothworkers' Company, to St. Olave's Church, where 
they will be found under the centre of the east window in the north choir, 
with a brass beneath them recording their removal. 

^ See Transactions of the London and Middlesex ArchEEological Society, vol. i, p. 34, for an interesting 
account of the Crypt, the only part of the original Chapel that remained, by Mr. E. Woodthorpe, F.S.A. 

UU 2 



332 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

I. The upper brass is thus inscribed in old English : — " Henry 
Weldon, second sonne of Raphe Weldon of Swanscombe in Kent, Esquire, & 
Elizabeth his wiffe, aged vij yeares was buried y' xxv'*" of March Anno 
1595 Eliz. 37." The addition of the year of the Sovereign to the year of 
our Lord is, I am informed, unusual in brasses. 

II. The lower brass has this inscription in Roman characters: — 
" Katherine thirde davght of Nicholas Bestn[ey] of Grayes Inn Esqvier. 
Deceased y= xxx"' daye of Avgvst An° 1609 Beinge of the age of xx" yeres 
and one moneth and lyeth here by her sister Ellenor." Over the inscription 
is a small brass plate in lozenge per pale a lion rampant guardant, crowned. 
See Harl. MSS. (B.M.) 1546, 14, 58. 

Maitland ' gives the following extracts from the Register-Book 
of the Parish Church or Chapel of St. James-in-the-Wall. " Marriages. 
August 18, 1586 (being the first Register), Nicholas Bestney, of Gray's 
Inn, in Holborn, in the County of Middlesex, Esq. ; and Bridget 
Mitchel, sole daughter and heir of John Mitchel, of Warham, in the County 
of Sussex. The 28th July, 1608, Henry Hudson, of the Inner Temple, 
London, Gent., and Sibyll Bestney, etc. Thus far these Marriages were 
taken out of several Paper Registers by me, Arthur Jackson " (Minister of 
Lambe's Chapel in 1625). Burials entered in the same Register. 1592, 
Eleanor Bestney; 1604, May 29, Catharine Bestney; and August 29, Ursula 
Bestney — three daughters of Nicholas and Bridget Bestney; and 1632, 
March 22, of Bridget Bestney, widow, late wife of Nicholas Bestney. 
The Register and the Brass differ as to the date of the decease of 
Katherine Bestney. 

'"The History of London," vol. ii, p. 909. 




THH REGISTERS. 



CHAPTER XXI. 

An account of the Register of the parish of Allhallows Staining. The Rev. Joim Rose completed 
in I7g4, his posting of entries of Baptisms, iyio-i'jg4. His exphmatory notes. The 
Statute of i6gj, granting to the Crown for five years certain rates and duties on marriages, 
births and burials. A feiv details of the rates under this Act. List of the fourteen volumes 
of the Register of Allhallows Staining. Extracts from Register of Baptisms, A. Jacob, 
E. Trench, J. Ash, T. Russell, J. Button, S. Smith H. Frith, H. Goode, A. 
Lethieullier, E. Wolstenholme, C. Bradley, M. Harvey, H. Bristow. Register of Marriages : 
S. More, F. Hawford, W. Ashton, J. Lyboune, Earl of Londonderry, Sir Cloudesley Shovell, 
J. England, J. Chaplin, Sir John Shaw, Lord Arundel, Rev. T. Eyre, Sir Berkley Lucy, T. 
Lutwyche, Rev. D. Fogg, Sir John Cordell, H. Farmer, Dr. G. Wharton, W. Lowfeild, Sir 
Thomas Lee. Register of Burials : E. Ashe, M. Harrison, Rev. T. Fitch, Rev. T. Lake, 
A. Winne, Sir Thomas Adams, T. Bewly, Dr. E. Trench, M. Chute, Rev. Wm. Holland, 
Captain G. Talbutt, T. Gill, S. Morgan, Dr. Ralph, Daniel Fogg, D.D. 

HE Register and the Churchwardens' Account and Minute 
Books of the Parish of Allhallows Staining present a marked 
contrast, the incompleteness of the one series contrasted with 
the fulness of the other for the long period of four centuries. 
The Register of Baptisms, Marriages and Burials for the latter part of the 
sixteenth century and the first forty-one years of the seventeenth is 
missing ; probably it was lost or destroyed during the disturbances incident 
to the Civil War of 1642. The earliest Register the parish now possesses, 
has as its first date 24th June, 1642, and the compiling of this Register was 
mainly the work of Rev. William Holland, incumbent from 1662 to 1677. 
When Rev. John Rose became curate of the parish in 1778, he found the 




334 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

Baptismal Register, 17 10-1743, imperfectly posted, no record of Baptisms 
from 1743 to 1746, and particulars of those from 1746 to 1766 only entered 
in the journal of Deane, the parish clerk, which book Deane's family retained 
as private property till 26th March, 1788. See Rose's notes, quoted on p. 335. 
Mr. Rose made a patient effort to remedy this state of things. He diligently 
collected items from parish clerks' paper books, and other sources, and on 
2 1 St April, 1794, ended the posting of such entries as he could trace for the 
period 17 10 to 1794. 

The heading of the earliest surviving Register, 24th June, 1642, is 
" Christnings continued from the former parchement booke w"'' ended 
with . . ." That there was a former parchment Register is proved by 
the following entry amongst Inventory of Goods belonging to Allhallows' 
parish in churchwardens' book, " 17'*' October 1585,' One Booke wherin is 
written all weddings, christnings & burings, and another smale Jornalle to 
write in again, and a gretter booke comonly cauled a lidger of pchment." 
This entry of 1585 shows an ample equipment of books for the purposes of 
registration, viz., a waste book for rough entries, a journal into which to 
post the rough entries under their proper heading of Baptisms, Marriages or 
Burials (these two were paper books), and, finally, the parchment Register. 
The need for three books was more apparent in days when writing on 
parchment was generally done by a skilled writer or professional scrivener, 
so as to avoid damaging or wasting expensive parchment. A list of the 
fourteen volumes that constitute the Register of Allhallows Staining will 
be found in this chapter. In the extracts from the Baptismal and Marriage 
Registers some notes written by the Rev. William Holland are quoted. 

In the Baptismal Register, 1794, appears the following note, made 
by Mr. Rose : — "The preceeding Copy of the parish Register carefully 
taken and faithfully; together with the observations, arrangements, etc., is 
affectionately dedicated to the inhabitants of Allhallows Staining by John 
Rose, A.M., fifteen years Curate of their Parish. Compleated April 21^' 
1794." This refers to the Register of Baptisms, 17 10 to 1794. Mr. Rose's 
attention appears to have been specially drawn to this subject by certain 

' In Churchwardens' Book, year 1566, there is this entry :— " Item, ffor a boke of wrytteng papar to make 
the Regestar for the Crestenynges and wedenges and beryalles for the parreshe. iii.s." 



THE REGISTERS. 335 

proceedings that had taken place in the Court of King's Bench, where proof 
of date of birth was required, and the legal Register being unposted, the 
journal of Deane, the parish clerk, was accepted as supplying proof Mr. 
Rose's tracing and posting of entries was done with great care, diligence and 
conscientiousness, notes of explanation concerning entries, or the absence of 
entries, cross references, and other marks, abound ; there is not a trace of 
carelessness or sign of haste showing he was growing tired of his self- 
imposed task, so that while examining his work the impression suggested 
itself to my mind that to great conscientiousness Mr. Rose added the love 
of a born registrar. 

After the date i6th July, 1743, Mr. Rose, in the following copious 
notes details some of the difficulties he encountered: "Here Mr. Bristowe 
[Incumbent 1728-1754] entirely discontinues his imperfect Register, and 
from this Period to 1 745-6 there is a chasm wh : cannot now be fill'd up. 
At that time it was taken up by John Deane, the then parish clerk, for his 
private satisfaction, and continued by him to November, 1766." 

"It is here necessary to state the said Register of Deane's was kept 
in the family as private property, and that Extracts and Certificates were by 
that family granted out of it, till the parish obtained it from Anne Bailey, 
wife of Thomas Bailey, and daughter of the said John Deane, on the 26th 
March, 1788." [Deane's Journal is amongst the Allhallows' books; it is 
quite legible, and with the exception that the margins of a few pages have 
been nibbled by mice — is otherwise in a good state of preservation.] 

" The validity of this Register \i.e., Deane's Journal] seems to be 
established by Lord Mansfield as Lord Chief Justice, who on it being 
objected to when exhibited in the Court of King's Bench to indentify 
[identify] some claimant said ' That where Registers were lost or im- 
perfect, the Family Bible being the best possible evidence written at a 
time when no probable interest coud be foreseen, shou'd be consider'd as 
bond fide valid, much more should this Register be consider'd as valid, for it 
was the best possible evidence written at a Time when no probable interest 
coud be foreseen by a man totally uninterested, and in an official character 
in the Parish, tho' not the actual person whose particular duty it was to keep 



336 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

it' [Lord Mansfield's last statement is based upon the clause of the Royal 
injunction of 1538, which enjoins the weekly posting of entries by the 
clergyman of the parish.] 

"Through the ignorance of J. Deane, many of the Xtian names are 
mispelt, which will be rectified in the copy, as Penelope for Pernellepey, 
with a variety of others, but the Surnames will be copied exactly." Then 
follow in the Register the entries which Mr. Rose took from Deane's journal. 

In 1783, Mr. Rose came in contact with the difficulty that if dissent 
from an Established Church be allowed, an Ecclesiastical Register will not 
be complete for the whole population. 

This difficulty was arranged for in the legislation of 1837, which 
introduced civil compulsory registration of births and deaths, and left the 
question in its religious aspect to the conscience of individuals. 

29th August, 1783. " Here follows a list of Names marked between 
Hooks [brackets] which seem to have no possible connection as they have 
date of birth only and not of baptism ; the late Mr. Throughgood (the 
Clerk), a few days before his death, gave me the following account : ' At the 
time an Act of Parliament was passed for laying a tax upon each Register 
of 3 pence value ; the Lewis family who are Anabaptists came and insisted 
upon my registering some of the children's births, which they insisted 
upon was according to the Act, and threatned me with a Prosecution for 
defrauding the Revenue in case of denial, finding therefore a leaf which by 
accident was unfilld, I registered several, and from time to time inserted 
the rest.' They appear all on the same Leaf, but however they may have 
crept in, it would not be justifiable to leave them out." A list consisting of 
ten names is then given ; six of the name of Lewis, the first, March i8th, 
1766, the sixth, February 9th, 1783. 

The Act of Parliament alluded to by the Lewis family probably 
was 4-5 Anne, cap. 12, section x (1706).' This was but a few years after 
the notable statute of 6-7 William \\\, which was in force for five 
years from ist May, 1695. It is entitled, "An Act for granting to his 
Majesty certain rates and duties upon marriages, births, and burials, and 
upon bachelors and widowers, for the term of five years, for carrying on the 

' " The Statutes at Large," vol xi, p. 143. 



THE REGISTERS. 337 

war against France with vigour."' The graduated rates of taxation of this 
five years' statute were high.'' 

The Parish Register is contained in fourteen volumes, viz. : — 

Vol. I. "Baptisms, 24 June, 1642, to 27 Feb., 1709-10. 

Marriages, 29 Sept., 1653, to 14 Feb., 1709-10. 

Burials, 29 Sept., 1653, to 14 Feb., 1709-10. 
,, 2. Baptisms, 1710, April 10, to 16 July, 1743. 

Marriages, 17 10, April 11, to 6 Dec, 1740. 
••Burials, 1710, April 6, to 31 May, 1737. 
,, 3. 5 Baptisms, 1746 to 1766. 

Burials, 1746 to 1762. 
,, 4. Baptisms, 1757 to 1794. 
,, 5. ^Baptisms, 1710 to 1812. 
,, 6. Baptisms, 1794 to 1815. 
,, 7. 'Baptisms, 1813 to May 8, 1870. 
,, 8. Marriages, 1754 to 1780. 
,, 9. Marriages, 1780 to 1812. 
,, 10. Marriages, 1813 to 1837. 
.,, II. ''Marriages, 1837 to 1869, Sept. 12. 
„ 12. Burials, 1757 to 1801. 
,, 13. Burials, 1794 to 1812. 
,, 14. 'Burials, 1813 to 1853. 

' "The Statutes at Large,'' vol. ix, p. 348. 

-These are laid down with great minuteness for all ranks of society in the terms of an Act extending over 
62 pages of black letter type. Upon the marriage of every jjerson, except such as receive alms, 2.S. 6d. A Duke 
to pay £^0 25. 6d. ; a Marquis, £^0 2s. 6d. ; an Earl, ^^30 2s. 6d. For the birth of every child, except the 
children of such as receive alms, 2s. For the eldest son of a Duke, £'^0 2s. For a younger son, or for a daughter, 
£2$ 2s. For the burial of every person, 4^-. ; of a Duke or of an Archbishop, ^^^50 4s. ; of a Baron or of a Bishop, 
£20 4r. ; of a Sergeant-at-law, £1^ 4?. ; of an Esquire, " or so reputed, or owning, or writing himself such," 
£$ 4s. "And for and upon the burial of every gentleman or reputed gentleman, or owning or writing himself 
such," £1 4s. For the burial of every person having real estate of £$0 per annum, or a personal estate of 
;£'6oo, 24s. The yearly tax payable by a Bachelor or Widower, over twenty-five years of age, except such as 
receive alms, was is. If a Duke or an Archbishop, ;^I2 los. per annum. An unmarried Marquis, over twenty- 
five years of age, ;^io ; a Bishop, ;^5 ; a Canon, 12s. 6d. ; and a Doctor of Divinity, £i ^s. 

' The heading is ' ' Christnings continued from the former parchement booke which ended with . . . . " 

*No entry from 1728 to 1736. 

*This book was the journal of John Deane, parish clerk, see p. 335. Five entries of Marriages in the 
years 1748, 1749 and 1750, are made in various parts of this book ; two, apparently, record the same marriage, 
but with different dates. These two entries are in different handwritings. 

"1710 to 1794. "A copy of the Parish Register, compleated Ap. 21, 1794. [Signed] John Rose, fifteen 
years curate." The entries from 1794 to 1812 are in divers hands. 

'The Baptisms are from 1870 entered as of the United Parishes in the Register belonging to St. Olave's, 
Hart Street. 

'The Marriages are from 1870 entered, as of the United Parishes, in the Register belonging to St. Olave's. 

"The churchyard was closed August 15th, 1853. 

XX 



338 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

Banns' Books. 

Vol. I. 1754 to 1798. 
„ 2. 1780 to 1823. 

In the old Churchwardens" Books there are numerous entries of 
the names of persons married or buried, which make them practically a 
parochial register. 

THE BAPTISMAL REGISTER. 

Vol. i is labelled 1653-17 10, but the Baptisms begin in 1642. An 
explanation of this latter statement can be seen in Rev. Wm. Holland's 
note of March 1 5th, 1668, in which he states that he posted up the Baptismal 
Register, beginning with entries of 1642. For the year 1643 thirty 
baptisms are recorded. 

On fly-leaf (paper) at the beginning is this note : — 

" This Register Booke cost 22 shillings of M' Rea (?) in Cornehill." 
Henry King, Parish Register, chossen: 1653 Sept: the 20*. 

Baptisms are entered after the Marriages, with the following 
heading : — 

" 1642, Christnings Continued from The former Parchment booke, w*^*" ended 



with. 



1642, Aug. 3. Alice Stainings, a foundlinge. [Given the name of the parish.] 
Oct. 2. Elizabeth dau. of Oliver Lee, Chirurgeon, and of Elizab"' his wife. 

1642-3, Jan. II. Anne Jacob, daughter of Sir John Jacob, Knt. 

1643, O^t. 6. Marke Stainings, a foundlinge. 

Oct. 17. Edmond Trench, son of Edmond Trench, Docter, & Mary his wife. 
1643-4, Mar. 19. Elizabeth Atterbury daught' of Thomas Atterbury, Cooper. 

1644, Apr. 14. W™ son of Walter Bridges, Clerk. 

1644-5, J^n- S- Mary ffierbrasse daught' of Benjamin ffierbrasse and Mary his wife. 

1645, July lo- Anne NichoUs, daughter of Paul Nicholls, geiit. and of Anne his wife. 
Oct. 2. Jonathan Ash, son of M' John Ash, Burgesse of Parliam' and of 

Elizabeth his wife. 
1647, Aug. 15. Samuell Atterbury son of Thomas & of Margaret his wife at 
Cath : Colemans. The min*" absent. 
Dec. 2. W" Ash, son of Mr. Edward Ash, Parliam' man, and of Elizabeth 
his wife, was borne Nov. 17 and baptised Decemb: 2'' 1647. 
' Now missing. 



THE REGISTERS. 339 

1647, Dec. 2. John Morgan, son of Mr. David Morgan, gentlem, and of Dorathy his 
wife, was borne Nov. 29. 

1648-9, Feb. 21. Abraha and Sarah Reinolds, son & daugh' of Rob' Reinolds, 
Sarieant, & of Mary his wife. 

1649, Aug. 5. John son of John Loader, Cooke, and of Anne his wife, at 
ffen-church, absente minis"" 

165 1, Aug. 28. EHzabeth Ash, dau. of Edward Ash, Burgesse of Parliam' and 

of Elizab* his wife. 

1651-2, Mar. 24. John Knight, son of John Knight, Officer to my Lord Maior, and 
ofif Mary his wife. 

1652. May 10. Thomas Russell, son of Thomas Russell ffree of the March' 

Taylors, and of Dorathy his wife. 

Dec. 7. Anne Ash, daughter of Mr. Edward Ash, Parliam' man, and of 
Elizab"' his wife. 

At the end of the entries of 1652 is the following note : — 

Since June [i6]42 King the Gierke h. Regis' had omitted all the c'"nings to 
secure them in a parchm' booke, havinge onely writt them in a Paper 
booke, now old and decayinge, w'h I iindinge upon the occasion of a 
search for Mr. Willm Ash, son of Mr. Edward Ash, I iudged it fitt to 
transcribe them out of the paper book into this, w^" I tooke pains to 
doe with my owne hand, and finished it March 15, 1668. 

W" Holland, Minister. 

The heading is now Births ett Baptizeings, beginning in Aprill, 1653. 

1653, Dec. 28. Anne Nottingham, daughter of William Nottingham, surgeon, and 

of Sarah his wife. 

1654, April 14. Edward Ashe, son of Mr. Edward Ashe, Esquier and of 

Elizabeth his wife. 

Oct. 6. Dorathy Fox, daughter of William Fox, gentleman, and of Anne his 
wife, was borne the 27th of Sept. and baptized the 6th of October in 
William Blofield's House, Marke L,ane. 

1654-5, Feb. 7. Arther Capell son of John Capell, marchantt, and of Mary his wife 
was borne y^ 7''' of February in the house of Mr. George Toriano, 
marchantt, and was baptized the it''' of February in the french 
church — witnesses 'Laurence Martell et Mr. George Toriano ett Mis 
Nevell 1654.' 

XX 2 



340 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STATNTNG. 

1654-5, Feb. 22. Jonathan Button, son of Radolphus Button, orator of the 
Universitty of Oxford ett Prebend of Christ Church, and of Hester 
his wife, was borne the 5'*' of February ett was baptized the 22* of the 
same by M' Clidd Blackwell, minester of Andrew Undershaft. 

Ralph Button, M.A., Fellow of Merton, and Proctor of the Univer- 
sity, was put in as Public Orator by the Parliament-visitors, August 4th, 
1648, but was forced to quit both it and the canonry of the second stall of 
Christ Church, soon after the Restoration. The office of Public Orator was 
first permanently settled in the year 1564. "Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae," 
compiled by John Le Neve, corrected and continued to the present time 
by T. Duffus Hardy, III, p. 535. Oxford : at the University Press, 1854. 

1655, Apr. 8. Samuell Smith son of Samuell Smith, minester and of Elizabeth his 

wife. \_See list of Incumbents of Allhallows Staining, p. 355.J 
Aug. 24. Alee Bullocke, daughter of Christopher Bullock, chirurgeon, and of 

Anne his wife. 
1655-6, Feb. 27. William Frith son of M' John Frith, Gentleman, and of Mary 

his wife. 
1657, July 10. Hamey Burwell son of Thomas Burwell, Docter of Phissique, and 

of Elizabeth his wife, was borne the 6th of July. 
1660, Mar. 25. John Hancock son of Henry Hancock, free of the armorers, and 
of Joan his wife, was borne ett Baptizd. 

2Q I Hephzibah Goode, daughter of M' John Goode, minester, and of Mary 

his wife, was borne y^ 15'" of Aprill 1660 and baptized the 29"' of the same 
in y<= Church. [See list of Incumbents of Allhallows Staining, p. 355.J 

' ett 18. ) ^^"■"y Worsenholme son of M' Thomas Worsenholme, esquier, and 

of Elizabeth his wife, was borne the of August, and was Baptized 

the i8"> of the same. 

oTt. 14 ( ^""^ Lethueller, daughter of M' John Lethueller, mrchantt, and of 
Anne his wife, was Borne the 29"" of Septemb, and was Baptized the 
i4"> of October 1662, By me Georg Gifford, minester of St. Dunstons in 
the East, Wittnesses, Capt. James Berkin, marchant, and mis Judith Hearne 
and mis mary Boone, godfather and godmothers. 

See infra, 1711, October 25, William, son of William and Mary LethieuUier. 

See St. Olave's Marriage Register, 1683, April 17, and the 
LethieuUier Pedigree sketch in the Appendix. 



THE REGISTERS. 341 

1663, Mar. 29. Anne Soltonstall, daughter of Phillipp Soltonstall, Esquier, and of 
Alice his wife, was borne the 28"' of March and Baptised the 29"' of the 
same in Thomas Hinds house att Mark lane end. 

Apr. 2'^. Alice minn daughter of Mr. John minn, gentleman, and of margery 
his wife, was borne the 22 of March 1662 [old style] and was Baptized the 
2^ of April! 1663. 

1664, Oct. 25. Edward wolstenholme son of Mr. Thomas wolstenholme, Esquier, 
and of Elizabeth his wife. 

Dec. 19. Sussana daughter of Tridoary Godlye, scoolemaister, and of mary 
his wife. 

1669, June 29. Mary Charles daughter of John Charles, Doctor of Physick. 
Aug. 25. Marke Stainings found in Mr. Loes entry. 

1670-71, Feb. 15. William Wolstenholme son of S' Thomas Wolstenholme, Baronett, 
and of Elizab'" his wife, baptisd ffeb. 15"', borne Feb. 8*. 

1672, July 31. Charls Bradley son of Thomas Bradley, Minister, and Son-in-law 
to Mr. Holland, and of Elizabeth his wife. 

Sept. 22. Peter Wood son of John Wood, Translator, and of Mary his wife. 

1673, Mar. 25. Mary Harvey, dau. of Sir Eliab Harvey, and his wife. 

July 20. Longuet, at the Fr. [French] Church, called Nicholas John. 

The re-building of the Parish Church is referred to in the following 

1674, June 25. The ffoundation of the Church was layd hard prima post merid. 
Mr. Will™ Holland, Minister, layd the first. 

Mr. Will: Stranger, sen. Churchwarden. 
Mr. Will'" Longford, iunior. 

The Rev. William Holland died in October, 1677 ; the name of 
his successor at Allhallows Staining, who became Bishop of Oxford in 
1688, is recorded in the following note: — 

1677, Dec. 28. Timothy Hall, minister. 
Samuel Yong, 



entry 



, Churchwardens. 
Thomas Stockbridge, ) 

1678, April 25. George the son of Felix Don Lewis and Catharine his wife. 

From November, 1679, down to the year 1688, the Register of 
Baptisms was much neglected, and there is a memorandum on this subject 
(partly illegible) at the foot of the page, in 1688. 



342 THE AAWALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

1688-9 (Daniel Fogg, minister), Mar: 16. Will-" son of S' J"° Fleet & Eliza his wife. 
1692, Oct. 14. Mary, D. of Col. William Pilkington & Abigal his wife. 
1700, Nov. 14. Heniretta Maria, D. of Henry & Mary Wostonholme. 

The following are in vol. ii of the Register :— 
17 1 1, Oct. 25. William S. of William and Mary Lethieullier. 

The following statement in Mr. Bristowe's handwriting is written at 
the foot of a page in the Baptismal Register. 

1728. Buncombe Bristowe, A.M. chosen Minister of this Parish June 24''', 1728. 

[See list of Incumbents of Allhallows Staining, p. 355 and footnote.] 
1734, Nov. 26. William son of the Rev. Will™ Hay & Elizabeth his wife. 

Nov. 30. Katherine daughter of John Bristow, Esquire, and Ann his wife. 

1738-9, Jan. 19. Mrs. Ditty Langford, an adult. 



THE MARRIAGE REGISTER. 

The following are taken from vol. i, 1653-17 10. 

1654. Samuell Smith, minester and Elizabeth Laurence wear maryed att Ipswich 

23 April. \^See list of Incumbents of Allhallows Staining, p. 355.] 

Samuell More, gentleman, and Ann Capell, daughter of Mr. Henry Capell of 
Ingatestone, in the County of Essex, gentleman, the 29"" of June. 

1655, March 5. William Chamberlaine and mary foulks wittness to the marriag of 

thomas meeks and Anne Say : maryed before Richard Loton, esquier. 

1657. Francis Hawford and Elizabeth Peeters wear maryed before mee, John Ireton, 
one of the aldermen and Justices of the Peace within the Citty of London 
in the parish of 'Bassenshaw att the guildhall, the 7'*' of July, 1657 
[subscribed] " John Ireton." 

"The Register, 1657, contains the signature of John Ireton, who 
was then alderman and justice of the peace. Francis Hawbord and 
Elizabeth Peter were married by him at Guildhall on the 7th of July, 
according to the detestable Act of Parliament which transferred the 
publishing of banns from the church to a public market and converted 

' St. Michael Bassishaw. 



THE REGISTERS. 343 

a sacred compact into a civil bargain." J. P. Malcolm. " Londinium 
Redivivum," vol. ii., p. 28. 

1668. Memorandum that since Salter kept this Register some faults he made, 

I have mended as well as I could. I shall now, God willinge, see to 

it my selfe. W"" Holland, minister. 
1671, Nov. 25. The Church fell down, so y' Richard Clare and Anne Cosins 

were mar"' at Barking. Lycensd. 
1671-2, Feb. 18. Jonathan Norman and Sarah Web maried in o' [other] Church. 
1673, Sep. 18. William Ryland of St. Leonard's fibster Lane, and Rebecca Hylliard 

off All S'' Staings, in All Hallows Barking, my Ch: being downe. 

W™ Holland. 
1675, May 27. William Ashton, Minister of Chipping Barnett, & Mary Charlton 

of St. Stephen Coleman Street : mafr : the first in the new Church. 
June 17. Felix Don Lewis of Greenwich and Catharine Allon of this pishe 

married by Vertue of a Metrop Lycense. The 2^ in the N : church. 
1679, Sept. 7. James Lyboune of Grayes Inne, esq', and Elizabeth Hough of 

Clerkenwell p lie : metrop. 
1686, Sept. 30. Rob', Earl of London Derry and Lucy Jophson." 

Dec. 23. John Hoby, Esq', and Elizabeth Hoby. 
1 690-1, March 10. Sir Clowdesley Shovell, of London, K', & Lady Elizabeth 

Narborough, of Knowlton in Kent, j) Licent. 

In St. Olave's Bap. Reg., 1696, November 18, is entered the 
baptism of Ann, their daughter. 

The unfortunate end of this brave seaman is thus noticed in the 
"Life and Reign of Queen Anne," 1738, 8vo., p. 364. "Sir Cloudesley, 
Rear-Admiral of Great Britain, and Admiral and Commander-in-Chief of 
the Fleet, with most part of the grand fleet, sailing from the Levant, 
after the attempt on Toulon had miscarried, arrived near the rocks of 
Scilly, at the Land's End, about noon the 22nd of October (1707), when, 
the weather proving hazy and thick, he thought it prudent to bring to 
and lay by till it should clear up ; and how he came to alter his opinion 
afterwards, is uncertain ; but about six in the evening (when there was 
still more reason to be cautious), as the night was drawing on, he made 
the signal for sailing, and steered East and by North. About eight at 

' Robert Ridgeway, fourth Earl of Londonderry, married Lucy, daughter of Sir Wm. Jopson, Bart. 
(Burke's " Extinct Peerage.") 



344 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

night the Admiral's ship, the Association, struck upon the rocks called 
the Bishop and his Clerks, and was lost, with all her company, not much 
less than i,ooo men, among whom were several Spaniards of distinction." 
Sir Cloudesley's body drifted ashore, and was buried, with others, in the 
sands, but was soon after removed to Westminster Abbey, having been laid 
in state at his residence in Soho Square. See Chester's Notes, Westminster 
Abbey Register. 

i69i,June2. John England, Esq., of St. Margaret's, Westminster, and Mary 

ffaunderoy, of Isleworth in Middlesex. 
i6gi-2, Fet. 3. John Chaplin, Esq'" of Tathwell in Lincolnshire, and Lady 

Frances Rouse, of Rouse-Linch in Worcestershire. 
1692-3, Feb. 7. S' John Shaw, K' & Bar', of Eltham in Kent, & Sarah Paggen, of 
St. Mary Athill [At Hill], I,ondon. 

Sir John was the second baronet and Sarah Paggen his second wife. 

They had three sons and six daughters. His first wife was Margaret 

Peake, daughter and heiress of Sir John Peake, Knt., Lord Mayor 1687. 

By her he had his successor in the baronetcy, Sir John ; also a second 

son and two daughters. 

1692-3, Feb. 14. John, Lord Arundell, Baron of Trerise, & Lady Barbara Maleverer, 
of St. Martin in the Fields. 

Lady Barbara was daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby, of Scriven, in 

county of York, and widow of Sir Richard Maleverer, of Allerton 

Maleverton, in the same county. 

1697, March 31. John Lordell of St. Margaret New Fish St. & Ann Bridges of 

Coleman-street. 
i6g8, Oct. 6. Livinus de Dorpere, of St. Stephan, Coleman-street, & Anna Maria 

Vandenbroeck of the same. 
Oct. 8. Thomas Eyre, Vicar of Stanes in Middlesex & Elizabeth Allen, of 

Bromeley, in the same county. 
1699, Aug. 4. S' Berkley Lucy, Baronet, of Notley in Southamptonshire, & Catherine 

Cotton of Leusam in Kent. 

1701, May 29. Thomas Lutwyche, Esq. of the inner Temple, & Elizabeth Bagnall 
of St. Andrews Holborn. 

Oct. 2. Daniel Fogg, the Minister of this Parish, and Elizabeth Allen, w. 
[widow], of Brumley, in Middlesex. 

Dec. 24. John Cordell, Baronet, of Mellford in Suffolk & Eleanora Haskin 
Styles of this pari.sh. 
1701-2, Feb. 3. Henry Farmer, Esq., of St. Margarets, Westminster, & Lady 
Elizabeth Read, of St. James, Westminster. 



THE REGISTERS. 345 

The following are taken from vol. ii, 17 10- 1740. 

1715-6, Jan. 19. John Blagrave, of St. John Baptist's college, in Oxon, & Ann 

Hussey of St. Giles in y^ fields. 
1 7 16, Sept. 6. George Wharton, D' in Physick, of St Clement Danes, and Anna 

Maria Petty, of this Parish. 
1718-9, Jan. 27. Thomas Fogg, ffellow of St. Jn°'« Oxon, & Susanna Burton of 

Edmunton, in Middlesex. 

1 7 19, Apr. 25. William Lowfeild of Chelsea in Middlesex, & Lady Henrietta 

Wyndham of the same, marr'd by Dr. King, Rector of Chelsea. 

1720, Sep. 13. S' Thomas Lee, Baronet, of Keartwell in the County of Bucks, 

& Elizabeth Sandes, of the parish of St. Nicolas Aeon. 

Sir Thomas Lee was brother to Sir William Lee, Knt., Lord Chief 
Justice, who died 1754. Sir Thomas had two sons and one daughter. 
The second son, William, succeeded to the title. 



THE BURIAL REGISTER. 

The following will be found in vol. i, 1653-1710. 

The earliest entry is September 29, 1653. Thirteen burials were 
registered from 29th September to 31st December, 1663. 

1656, July 29. Edward Ashe, Esquier, was Buryed the 29* of July in the Chancel, 

free of y^ Drapers. 

1657, July 3. rais mary Harryson, widow, a good Benefactor to y'= poore, was 

buryed the third of July 1657 in y= Chancell. See Benefactions. Appendix. 

1658, Nov. 3. Thomas Fitch, minister, buried in the church. 
1658-9, Mar. 23. Thomas Lake, minester, was Buryed in the church. 

1 660-1, Mar. I. Signior Francisco Jorge Salgado, a Spaniard, borne in tenerifle, 
was Buryed the first of March 1660, under the pewes att y^ west end of y^ 
church, midle He. 

1 66 1, Dec. 5. The Lady Worsenholm was caryed outt of towne to be buryed. 

See Bur. Reg., 1670, July 15. Also St. Olave's Burial Register, 
1639, December 10. "Sir John Wostenholme buried att Stanmoore Chancell." 

1662, Apr. 28. Clementt noone, a lecester sheer man that dyed suddenly att Henry 

Hancock's house, who cam in drunk the 26''' of Aprill. 

YY 



346 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

1663, May 22. Anne Winne, widdow of Tobyah Winne, of London, haberdasher, 
daughter of John Wheeler, Esquier, and sister to Sir William Wheeler, knight 
and Baronett, was Buryed the 22'" of May 1663, under the pewes one [on] the 
south side of the church ouer against the fontt pew under the south window. 

156^ — The Plague Year — there are 165 entries of burials. 

1667-8, Jan. 28. Mildred, y'^ daughter of M' Thomas WoUstenholme, & Elizabeth 
his wife. 
Feb. 24. S' Thomas Adams, died of y" stone. 
1668, Nov. 6. Thomas Bewly, Esq., in the Chancell under y>= Blew stone. 

[See Monument, p. 131.] 

1670, July 15. S' John Wolstenholme & my Lady Corbelt both in one grave, at 
Stanmoor in Midlesex, by me W:H [IVm. HoUand\. 

The family of Wolstenholme is of great antiquity, and of Saxon 
origin ; their residence was at Wolstenholme, near Rochdale, in Lancashire. 
Sir John, the first baronet of the family, and eldest son of the younger 
branch, warmly espoused the cause of Charles I, and during the Civil War 
suffered losses to the amount of ^10,000, his estates having been sold 
for payment of fines laid upon him and his late father's partner in the 
Customs. He had received from Charles I, in 1633, the honour of knight- 
hood; and after the Restoration was created a baronet by Charles II, 1665.' 
He farmed the customs with others ; purchased Nostel in Yorkshire, and 
lands at Stanmore ; and was restored to the office which his father had 
held under Charles I. He was a great friend of Lord Clarendon. 

" Lady Lsetitia Corbett, daughter of Robert Knowles, Knt, and 
Lady Wolstenholme, sister of Sir John Wolstenholme ; was married to 
Sir John Corbett, and, being on a visit to her uncle during his illness, fell 
sick herself, and died." Malcolm, Londiniuvi Redivivum, vol. ii, p. 26. 
1669-70, Jan. 5. Dr. Edmond Trench. 
1670, June 9. Margr' Chute, wife of George Chute, esq. 

1677, Oct. 9. Mr. William Holland the worthy minister of this psti, and a good 
benefactor to the church & parsonage house, in whose time they were both 
rebuilt. Hee lies buried in the Chancell. 

' Kimber's " Baronetage," vol. ii, 305. 



THE REGISTERS. 347 

No entries from May 5th, 1678, to Dec. 18, 1688. 

1691-2, Jan. 13. Capt" Georg Talbutt, in Chancel. 

1695, June 14. Thomas Gill, Merch' in the Church, buryed in Linnen, and y= mulct 

p"^ to y= Chwarden for y' Poor. 
1 700-1, Jan. 8. Stephen Morgan, Clark of the Parish. 

Feb. 27. Henrietta Maria Wolstenholme, a Child, in Chancel. 

The following occur in Vol. ii, 1 710-1737. 

1 7 12-3, Jan. 17. D' Thomas Rolph, in Ch. 
1728, May 12. Daniel Fogg, D.D., Minister. 

After the year 1728 there is no entry in the Register till 1736. 




YY 2 



THE INCUMBENTS 



CHAPTER XXII. 

The Parish of Allhallows Staining had Rectors till isdj^from 136"/ to i53g the benefice 
belonged, by " appropriation^^ to the Cistercian Abbey of Grace on Little Tower Hill. 
Statutes passed in ijgi and 1 402 touching the appropriation of benefices. During thirty- 
five years, 1367-1402.1 and possibly for longer, the cure was served by Monks of the 
Abbey of Grace in priesfs orders. The neighbouring Church of St. Botolph Aldgate, 
served by Canons of the Holy Trinity Monastery till I 531. After the Reformation, the 
benefice of Allhallows became a '■'■perpetual curacy" Made a donative by Royal grant, 
4 James I. List of Incumbents of Allhallows, i32g to 1866. 




LIST of eight rectors of Allhallows Staining, from the year 
1329 to 1366, is given by Newcourt. By a deed executed 
in 1367, this benefice became Monastic property. "On 14 
Kal. of March, 1367, this rectory and parish church was by 
Simon Sudbury, Bishop of London, at the petition of the Abbot and 
Convent of this Abby of Graces near the Tower of London, then newly 
founded, for several reasons therein expressed, appropriated to them and 
their successors for ever, with power for them to convert the profits of this 
church to their own use, and to supply the cure either with a professed 
Monk or Secular Priest, removable at their pleasure."' When the 
dissolution of monasteries in England took place in Henry the Eighth's 
reign, the advowsons of monastic livings devolved to the Crown,'' and a 

' Newcourt, Repertorium, vol. i, p. 255. '^ " Slatutcs at Large," vol. 4, pp. 403 and 455. 



THE INCUMBENTS. 349 

great number of these were by the Crown granted to laymen. If the lay 
patron retained the tithe on certain produce, called the great tithe, the 
living usually was a vicarage, and the lay impropriator was bound to keep 
the chancel of the church in repair, while the vicar, i.e., the lay rector's 
ecclesiastical deputy, retained the tithe called the small tithe. In the City 
of London the custom has long been for the parishioners to keep the 
chancel in repair, and the probable reason of this change was, that when 
tithe came to be based on the rental of houses instead of on produce of 
the ground, the distinction between great and small tithes in a City parish 
lost its original meaning. 

After the Reformation the living of Allhallows Staining was 
ecclesiastically neither a rectory nor a vicarage, but a perpetual curacy. In 
4th James I, 1607, the Crown made it a donative, and granted the 
parsonage and parish church to George Bingley and William Blake. A 
donative implied special privileges, commonly said to be conferred on a 
living, but it is much more accurate to say that the privileges were 
conferred on the patron and not on the living. In the ordinary course, 
if a lay patron nominates a clergyman, he presents him to the Bishop of 
the Diocese, who then institutes him to the living. If the Bishop be 
himself the patron of the living, he is said to collate his nominee to it. 
If a living became a donative, all supervision and control with regard to the 
voidance or filling of the benefice were placed in the discretion of the 
patron ; neither "institution" in the usual sense, nor Episcopal sanction of 
appointments or of resignations, was obligatory. The disadvantages of this 
are seen in the case of Allhallows Staining as related on pages 321 and 322 ; 
the " donative " patron could make his own terms with the parish or with 
his own nominee, ignore the Bishop of the Diocese, and farm the living. 
The singular privileges of donatives grew out of the separation of the 
ownership of the rectorial tithes, from the ownership of the advowson of a 
benefice that had been appropriated to a monastery. 

The incumbents of Allhallows Staining in this century were 
practically rectors, as by the arrangement of the Grocers' Company 
with them they were placed in possession of all the profits of the benefice. 



3S0 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINTNG. 

Newcourt, in Addenda, vol. i, p. 915, gives the names of ten of the 
"perpetual curates" of Allhallows, and in the list of Incumbents given in 
this chapter, the change of title and other singularities observable, arose 
from the peculiar ecclesiastical history of the parish of Allhallows Staining. 



INCUMBENTS OF ALLHALLOWS STAINING. 

The List, as far as Taye's name (1366), is taken, with but one 
exception, from Newcourt's Repertorium ; most of the other names have 
been found in the Churchwardens' Books of Allhallows Staining. 

Edward Camel, rector in 1329. 

Robert de Slapton presented Non. Nov. [sth November], 1329, per mort. 
Camel. [Newcourt writes de Stopton.J Patron, Hugh de Waltham. 

Thomas de Holcote, pr. 2 Kal. April [31st March], 1331. Patron, Hugh 
de Waltham. 

"Maister Edmonde, parsone of the churche of Alhallowen Stanying," in 1349, 
appears in copy of the will of William Palmer in Churchwardens' book, " the 
thick book," see p. 358. 

Edmund de Hengham, rector in 1362. 

Dionysius de Lopham, 13 Kal. Decemb. [19th November], 1362, per resig. 
Hengham. Patron, King Edward HI. 

Dionysius de Lopham, clerk, in his Will, proved in the Commissary 
Court in 1414, directs that his body be buried in Pardon Churchyard, St. 
Paul's, in the tomb in which his first wife Sybil and his children lie. His 
second wife, Alice, survived him. Lopham was an executor of William 
Dorkin, Rector of Purleigh, Essex, whose will was proved 23rd May, 1386. 

Walter de Sperseholte, pr. 4 Kal. Febr. i362-[3] [29th January, 1363]. Patron, 
Hamo de Waltham. 

William Wade, rector in 1366. 

John Taye, Id. August [13th August], 1366, per mort. Wade. Patron, Wm. 
Hynelond, Presbyter. 

Newcourt's List of Rectors ends with Taye's name in 1366, and I 
can find no record of the presentation of a clerk as rector, vicar, or 



THE INCUMBENTS. 



3SI 



curate of Allhallows Staining during the next hundred and twelve years. 
Some explanation of this silence is found in the fact that the patronage of 
the benefice passed, in 1367, to a monastery, with the powers of appoint- 
ment and removal described on page 348. The history of this change, 
and the two Acts of Parliament specially relating to the appropriation of 
benefices to monasteries, will probably be of interest to the reader. 

In 1367 the Rectory of Allhallows Staining became the property 
of the Abbey of Grace, Little Tower Hill, and remained such till the 
dissolution of the Abbey in 1539. This Abbey, "Abbatia beatse 
Marise de Graciis juxta Turrim Londini," was founded by King 
Edward III, in 1349, in fulfilment of a vow made on board ship 
during a storm, that if God would grant him to come safe to land he 
would build a monastery to the honour of God and of Our Lady of 
Graces. The Abbey was also styled Eastminster, and this title, 
Eastminster Abbey, suggests that it probably was intended to be to 
the East of London what Westminster Abbey was to the West of London. 
The Abbey of Grace was situated on Little Tower Hill, near East Smith- 
field.' The King's Charter conferred upon it the privileges of a Royal 
Free Chapel, "Liberam Capellam Regiam beatse Mariae de Graciis volumus 
appellari." ° This Abbey became a wealthy foundation, and, in 1535, Valor 
Ecclesiasticus, 26 Henry VIII, its rent-roll amounted to ^602 1 1^-. \od. It 
owned advowsons of churches in Middlesex, Hertfordshire, Kent, etc. Four 
of these churches were in the diocese of London, and Newcourt, who was 
Registrar of the Bishop of London's Registry (1669 to 1696), found records 
of the presentations made by the Abbey of Grace to three of these churches, 
and has given details in his Repertoriuni, vol. i, pp. 290-1, 837-8, and 847, 
but has not given a list of presentations to the parish of Allhallows Staining 
for the period from 1367 to 1539 ; apparently, none were registered at the 
Bishop's Registry during this period. Much more, however, than the 
rights of an advowson were given to the Abbey of Grace by the deed of 

' The site of this Abbey was afterwards occupied by the Navy Victualling Office. On the building 
adjoining on north-west side, the entrance to the Mint, is the name "Navy Victualling Square." Pepys was 
appointed Surveyor-General of the Victualling Office in 1665 (p. 272). On the subject of the dissolution of 
the Abbey of Grace, see footnote, p. 354. 

^Dugdale's " Monasticon Anglicanum,'' vol. v, p. 718. 



352 THE ANNALS OF ALLffALLOWS' STAINING. 

1367. The rectory and parish church were, as we have seen, appropriated 
to the Abbot and Brethren with power for them to convert the profits of 
this church to their own use, and to supply the cure either with a professed 
Monk or secular Priest, removable at their pleasure. 

There were two Acts of Parliament, 1391 and 1402, on the subject 
of the appropriation of benefices. The statute,' 15 Richard II, cap. vi, 
year 1391, enacted that in all appropriations henceforth to be made, the 
Diocesan should allot a proportion of the fruits of the benefice for the 
relief of poor parishioners, and also, take care that the vicar be well and 
sufficiently endowed, " & qe le viker soit auxint bien & covenablement 
dowez." The statute^ 4 Henry IV, cap. xii, 1402, begins by confirming 
15 Richard II, cap. vi, and orders reforms in cases where this statute has 
not been observed, but in sections 3 and 5 specially exempts the church of 
Hadenham in favour of the Archdeacon of Ely. Section 4 declares all 
appropriations of vicarages made since the first year of Richard II " utterly 
void, revoked, repealed, adnulled and disappropried for ever." Section 5, 
and that from henceforth in every church so appropried, or to be 
appropried, a secular person be ordained vicar perpettial, canonically 
institute and induct in the same, and covenably endowed by the discretion 
of the ordinary, to do divine service, to inform the people and to keep 
hospitality there. Section 6 and last, " and that no religious \i.e., monk] 
be in any wise made vicar in any church so appropried, or to be appropried 
by any means in time to come." 

For thirty-five years, i.e., from 1367 to 1402, the church of 
AUhallows Staining, which was not far from, the Abbey of Grace on Little 
Tower Hill, was served by priests who were also monks of the Abbey, and 
the authority of the Abbot sufficed for making these appointments. For 
the period from 1402 to 1479, there is a defect in the evidence available, 
which renders it difficult to affirm whether the statute of 1402 immediately 
affected the ecclesiastical arrangement in the parish of AUhallows, or 
whether many years elapsed before a "secular" priest was appointed. In 
the neighbouring church of St. Botolph Aldgate, Canons of the Monastery 
of the Holy Trinity served the cure until the surrender and dissolution of 

' " The Statutes at Large,'' vol. ii, p. 344. - Ibid, vol. ii, p. 433. 



THE INCUMBENTS. 353 

this Monastery in 1531. In this case possibly a Papal Rescript {see 
Newcourt's Reper., i, p. 308) or rights acquired under some special privilege, 
prevailed over the statute of 1402 ; and in times when there were two 
sources of authority and two series of laws, canon and civil, a conflict was 
very apt to arise which hindered, at any rate for a time, proposed reforms. 

The first name after the passing of the above-mentioned statute of 
1402, that I have found of a "parson " {i.e., persona ecclesiae) of Allhallows 
Staining is that of Netylton in 1479 — ■ 

1479. Maister John Netylton, person of Alhalowen Stanyng. In Ancient Book 
of Orders belonging to the Company of Ironmongers." 

1508. Sir [Dominus] Richard Loddelow, parson of Alhalowen Stayninge. 
Mentioned in the Will of Thomas Smith of the Stapull of Calais, proved, 
1508. 

1522.' Sir Richard Loft, parish priest. In churchwardens' book. Richard Loft 
served the cure from 1522 to 1548. 

In Bishop Tunstall's abstract of the values of benefices in the 
diocese of London, 14 Henry VIII (1522-3) is entered : — 

Ecclesia Omnium Sanctorum, Staynynge. Myster Ricardus Lofte, Curate, 
benefice x'. goods viij'. mutuum " L^ [i.e., compulsory loan to the King 
Harl. MS. 133. f. 8^ (B.M.). 

At the end of a Chantry Certificate relating to Allhallows Staining, 
I Edward VI (9th January, 1548), is written : — 

The King's Mayestey is pson of the seid Churche, and the psonage is 
worth xxij'. xiiij^ x''. And that the Curat and the chauntrey prist servethe 
the cure. 

If Netylton, Loddelow and Loft were instituted and inducted as 
Vicars of Allhallows Staining we should expect to find these appointments 
recorded at the Bishop's Registry, and further, the benefice to be styled 
a vicarage, but at the dissolution of the Abbey of Grace in 1539 the 
advowson devolved to the Crown, and the living is described as a curacy. 
In 1607 the Crown made it a donative, and from that period till 1870 it was 
a perpetual curacy and donative. From the foregoing evidence I infer, that 

' " Some account of the Worshipful Company of Ironmongers," by John Nicholl, F.S.A., 1866, p. 35. 
^Malcolm translates this word as "fined," but no censure is implied in mutuum. See Du Cange, 
Glossarium, vol. iv, 

ZZ 



3S4 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

priests of the Abbey of Grace served the cure from 1367 until 1402, and 
perhaps, for many years longer, and ultimately, secular priests were 
appointed, not canonically as vicars, but as curates. In the opening years 
of the sixteenth century the Fraternity of SS. George and Katherine 
was associated with this church, and in the churchwardens' book annual 
payments of 405. by this Fraternity are frequently entered, a sum so con- 
siderable in those days that it denotes a wealthy or numerous brotherhood. 
In the will of Blaymayr, 1507, Sir William Marshall and Sir Thomas Smyth 
are mentioned in connection with the Fraternities of Our Lady and of 
SS. George and Kateryn, as priests at the Church of Allhallows Staining. 
In Edward the Third's reign Will de Greensted endowed a chantry, and 
John Clifford, Capellanus (chantry priest), who in his will, proved in 1446, 
directed that his body be buried in the Church of Allhallows Staining, had 
probably been the priest of the Greensted chantry. 

Dugdale, citing from Roll in Augmentation office, J2 Henry VIII 
(1541) a summary of the late property of the Abbatia de Gratiis' infra 
Turrim Londini, gives the rectorial value of the living of Allhallows at £^. 
" Firma rector' Omnium Sanctorum Staynyngs . . ;!^8 .0.0." 

1549." Sir Steven, pryst. [In a Chantry Certificate, Sir Stephen Fountayn, prist.] 

1550.' Sir Cells [Gyles?], Cowrat. 

1552." Sir John Portar, Cowrate. 

1 56 1.* Humphrey Fletcher, Courate or mynester. 

1563-* Egidius Seyntcler, minister. [Gyles St. Clere, St. Claire, or Sinclair. In 
the St. Olave's Register of Marriages this name appears as "Gyles 
Snickler minister of AUhallow Staynings." See p. 162.] 

1581.* Richard Hill, mynister. [In the St. Olave's Baptismal Register the name 
is written as " Hall." See p. 147.J 

1587.* Richard Lyghtfoote, mynister. 

1 59 1.' Gervis Walker, mynister. 

1598.' Melchisedeck Frauncis, mynister. 
^ ^ "Of the manner of the surrender [of the Abbey of Grace] we find no account, which gives occasion to guess 
that it was done by such as were in no authority, and therefore it was thought fit to conceal the knowledge thereof. 
Since which time the said Monastery, being by King Henry VIII, in the 34th year of his reign, granted to Sir 
Arthur Darcy, knight, was clean pulled down. And of late time in place thereof, is built a large storehouse for 
Victual, and convenient Ovens are built there for baking of bisquets to serve Her Majesties Ships, and it is the 
Victualling Office for the Royal Navy to this day [1700]. The grounds adjoining and belonging formerly to the 
said Abby, are occupied by small Tenements built thereon. "—Newcourt Reperlorium, vol. i, p. 466. Cf. 
Stow, p. 48. 

*This prefix denotes that the name is in the churchwardens' books, and the year specified signifies the first 
year in which the name is found there. 



THE INCUMBENTS. 



355 



1607.' Thomas Lawson, mynister. [Afterwards Vicar of Harmondsworth 

Middlesex. Letters of Administration, 22nd February, 1627-8.] 

1609.' HumfreyBarcroft, parson. [Patron of the benefice.] 

1 611.' Francis Halliday, mynister. 

1615.* Thomas Myriell, mynister, 

1617.* Zacharie Evans, mynister. 

1627. Phil. Nye, A.M., licentiat, 9th October, 1627. [Newcourt, Addenda.} 

1629. Adoniram Byfield, A.B., licentiat, 9th January, 1629. \):itvicomt,Addenda.] 

1644.* Jo. Pitts, minister. 

1648.' John Aster, minister. 

1654.* Samuel Smith, minister. \_See pp. 340 and 342, the Baptismal and 

Marriage Registers.] 
1656.* John Goode, minister. [&« p. 340, the entry of April 15th, 1660.] 
1662. William Holland, licentiat i6th January, 1662. [Newcourt, Addenda.] 
1677. Timothy Hall, A.M., licentiat, 20th December, 1677. \yie^-comi, Addenda.'] 

Hall, according to Newcourt, was born in St. Catherine's, near the 
Tower of London, and became a student at Pembroke College, Oxford, 
about 1654, and minister of this church December 20th, 1677, on the death 
of Will. Holland. He caused the 'Declaration of King James H, for liberty 
of conscience to be read [27th April, 1688] in his church (which had been 
refused by most of the ministers in London), on which service the King 
gave him the Bishopric of Oxon., void by the death of Dr. Parker, and he 
was consecrated at Lambeth by the Archbishop of Canterbury (Dr. Sancroft) 
and the Bishops of Chichester and Chester on October 7th, 1688. He 
died at Hackney, April loth, 1690. Le Neve adds : He was buried at the 
Church of Hackney. 

Daniel Fogg, A.M., licentiat, 24th December, 1688. [Newcourt. The last name 
in Addenda.^ 

Duncombe Bristowe,'' A.M., "chosen Minister of this Parish, 24th June, 1728," in 
his own handwriting in the Baptismal Reg., also "chosen Minister, etc.," in 
the Register of Marriages. 

* This prefix denotes that the name is in the churchwardens' books, and the year specified signifies the 
first year in which the name is found there. The names Nye, Byfield, Holland and Hall, given by Newcourt 
from the Bishop of London's register, also appear in the churchwardens' books. 

' The Declaration of Indulgence, annulling the penal laws against Nonconformists and Roman Catholics 
alike, and abrogating every Act which imposed an ecclesiastical test as a qualification for office. The seven 
Bishops who protested were prosecuted for libel, and, refusing to give bail, were committed to the Tower. 

' Not entered in the register of the Bishop of London (London Registry). In presentations to " donative " 
benefices, the usual diocesan registration was not obligatory, as mentioned on p. 349. 

ZZ 2 



3S6 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

William Ellis, A.M., licensed before 1755, died in 1801. During this incumbency 

the Rev. John Rose {see chap, xxi) appears to have had charge of the Parish 

for about sixteen years. 
Lancelot Sharpe, A.M., licensed 30th January, 1802, per mort. Ellis. Collated 

Prebendary of St. Paul's (Ealdstreet preb.), loth March, and installed 18th 

March, 1843. 
Frederick J. Stainforth, M.A., licensed 5th December, 1851, per mort. Sharpe 

Died 3rd September, 1866, 

Edward Valentine Williams, M.A., was curate in charge from the time of 
Mr. Stainforth's decease till the union of the parish with St. Olave's in 1870. 

The last service in the church of Allhallows Staining was held on 
Tuesday, May loth, 1870, and a letter from the Bishop of London {Dr. 
Jackson) was read by the Rev. Thomas F. Stooks, one of his chaplains, 
stating the reasons for the removal of the parish church. This letter was, 
by the desire of the Bishop, entered upon the Vestry Minutes of the United 
Parishes. I had been instituted to the United Rectory on April 27th, and 
had "read myself in " at St. Olave's on Sunday, May ist. My first duty in 
the church of Allhallows was, through the sudden illness of Mr. Williams, 
to say prayers and preach on the morning of Sunday, May 8th, and my 
second and last duty therein was to say prayers on the closing of the 
church, Tuesday, May loth, 1870. 




THE CHURCHWARDENS' BOOKS. 



CHAPTER XXIII. 

The Churchwardens' Books from Jth year of Henry VII. The six oldest Books. Five 
altars in the Church of AUhallows (1515). Extracts^ I4gi to isgj. Payments made in 
I4g2-j. Silver Cross fur the high altar. Tabernacles made for three altars. Super- 
altars (three). Tioo Fraternities ; one of our Lady, the other of St. Katherine and St. 
George. Expenses in connection with ^^ Corpus Christi" Day. The prices of Bibles, 
Books of Common Prayer, Homilies, The Paraphrase of Erasmus, &c., in the i6th 
century. Hock Monday. St. Nicholas Day, 6th December. The ritual changes made in 
the first year of Queen Mary^s reign ( I 553-1554); the re-building of the high altar in 
AUhallows^ Church. Summary description of four of the churchwardens^ books, viz., 
the three narrow folios and the thick book. 

EXTRACTS, 1491 to 1597. 

HE Churchwardens' Account and Minute Books of the parish 
of AUhallows Staining begin in the year 1491, the seventh 
year of the reign of Henry VII, and from that date to the 
present, with the exception of eighteen years from May, 

1628, to April, 1646, the series is complete. These books are, considering 

their age, in a very good state of preservation. 

As far back as 1585, churchwarden Humfrie Walcar, on his retire- 
ment, in the inventory of church goods delivered to " John Moullins, now 
the elder Churche Warden remayninge," specifies " Item, one hanging table 
of wainscott, wherein is written a memory or note for the churche wardens to 
saye [see] what they have to doe." Evidently this standard of duty was 
not displayed in vain. The churchwardens' oldest books consist of six 
volumes : — the earliest, is one of two quartos (re-bound in 1 844), in which 




3s8 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

the writing is very good and the ink still a credit to its manufacturer; 
the other quarto is a book of Vestry minutes. There are three narrow 
folios; and, one large folio, which, for distinction, may be called the thick 
book. These four volumes are described more fully on pages 368-371. 

From the Inventories of Church Goods belonging to this parish, 
it is apparent that Allhallows Staining, in the character of its ecclesiastical 
arrangements, must have far surpassed the standard of an average parish, 
and from the number and richness of its vestments and the value of 
its plate, one would infer that either the Cistercian Abbey of Grace near the 
Tower, to which the parish belonged for 172 years, contributed liberally, or 
the parish itself contained many prosperous parishioners, who defrayed the 
expenses of a costly ritual. Statements of gifts to the church are interspersed, 
not infrequently, among the sixteenth century entries. 

There were five altars in the Church of Allhallows Staining during 
the first half of the sixteenth century : — i. The High Altar, dedicated to 
Alhalowen (All Saints). 2. The Altar of Our Lady (B. V. Mary). 3. An 
altar dedicated to the Holy Name of Jesus. 4. Altar of St. Clement. 
5. Altar of St. Luke. 

The Inventory of Church Goods, in 1535, shows that the church 
then possessed a rich collection of silk and satin altar cloths, canopies, 
curtains, banners, vestments, copes, etc. In King Edward the Sixth's reign 
the altars were removed, and the ritual changed to the Puritan type. The 
churchwardens sold five copes, two vestments, two altar cloths, etc., for 
^10 35. A,d.; a cross of silver for ^22 4^-. ; three chalices for ;^ii 2s. \ 
but on the accession of Queen Mary a re-action took place, and we find the 
churchwardens re-purchased some of the articles that had been sold a few 
years before, and supplied the place of others by new ones. The high 
altar was re-built, and in 1557, 40J. were paid to a carver for an image of 
Allhallows ; there is also in the same year the item : — " makyng a new 
awter clothe & ij new curtens for y'= hy awt [altar] vi'- viij''.'' Details 
relating to the changes made in the first year of Queen Mary's reign 
( 1 553-1 554) are given on pages 367-8. The changes in the beginning of 
Queen Elizabeth's reign were made with extreme caution, and throughout 



THE CHURCHWARDENS' BOOKS. 359 

her reign changes were introduced far more temperately than had been 
the case in the days of Edward and of Mary. 

The earliest book (1491). At the beginning of this book three folios 
are missing. Folio iiij is as follows : — 

[a.d. 1491-1492.] In the ij'' yere of this Accompte : — 

Re the iij"* day of Juyn in money gade^ct [gathered] of 

Shotyng ov' [over] all charges - ij'' j^ 

[a.d. 1492-1493.] In the viij yere of Kyng henrye the vij''': — 

Itifl R^ the iij*^ day of octobre of Thomas michell x'^ o 

M'' that Symon Byrchynghm, Carpenter, And Thomas 
Smert, Carpenter, Arbitrors betwix the |)isshe And the 
said Thomas Allowed to the same Thomas for alman'' 
things by hym made w'ynne the hynde at his |)pre cost 
and lefte there by jugement of the seid Arbitrours, that is 
to sey, ffirst in the halle A Countyng house w' a counter 
therynne And a dore w' lok and key in the Chambre, the 
hoole some allowed therfore is vij^ viij''- 
Itin R'i on Sonday the vij day of octobre for beme light 

due at v^ xj'^ 

Itih R'' the xxiij day of octobre of Willin Peel towards iiij 

nevve torches bought by the seid Accomptauntg iiij^ o 

Sin pag xxij^ 

The following are " Payments And necessarie expens by the tyme 
of this Accompte. 8 Henry VII." (1492-1493.) 

ffirst paide for An obligacion bitwene the Chirchwardeyns 

and John hennynghih pissh Clerke viij"^ 

Itrn p"^ for drynke at maners at receyving of the Clerk ]^ 
Itm p"^ for brede at drynkyng whan the wife had gadered 

money xij"^ 

Itrn p"i for ffleshe and chese at the same drynkyng ij' o 

Itin pti to the harper at the same tyme iiij'' 
Itin p'^ to an olde preest for a Rewarde to hym in the 

Chirch at div'se tymes - x^ 

Itin p'^ to the Organ maker in pty of payment xj^ o 

Itin to a man to Assey and ,pve [prove] the organs ij'^ 

Itin p'^ to a Carpenf in pte of payment v= o 

Itin p'' for mendyng & wasshing of Albbis and Surplicf vij'* 



36o THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

1491-1492. 7 Henry VII Sir Ric Hodges " the morowe masse preest " 

i.e. the priest who celebrated the earliest mass, was paid 

per quarter - xiij= iiij^ 

Also on Seint Innocents' viij* iiij'' : January 2, x^^ ; 

Feb. 23, iij'* iiij'' ; March 1 1, iij" ix'^, and May 1 2, iiij'* viij''. 

1493-1494. 9 Henry VII, Paid to a preest for morow masse on Lady 

Day iiij^ 

Paid to the chanon " that sang masse in the Chirch the 

Cristmas weke xij"* 

The Parish Clerk's wages : — 

ig Henry VII [1504] John Daners receevid per quarter xvj^ viij'' 

23 .,, [1508] William I.ewes the same sum. 

H ere the yearly wage was £ \ 6s. 8d. 

Cross of silver for the high altar. This cross weighed 81 ounces, 
and had at the base small statues of St. Mary and St. John. 

1514-1515. To Thomas Knott in ptie of payment [part payment] for 

the new Crosse xiij'' o o 

To Thomas Knott for a fful payment for the Cross iiij'' xviii^ x'' 
R [Received] of the bretherhed of Seynt George & Seynt 

Kalyn owte of there boxe towards the new Crosse vi'' o o 

For a new Coffyr [cover] for the new Crosse xx"* 

In the same account appear charges for tabernacles for three altars, 
viz., Alhalowen, Jesus, and St. Clement: — 

Paid to John Sakker, carvar, for makyng of the Tabarnacle 

of AUhallow in the quere xx" o 

Paid to Thoms Knott for the gyldyng of the new tabar- 
nacle in the quere - xxvi* viij"^ 
Paid to y= goodman gymbold, Carvar, dwelling in Aldman- 
berre for ij tabarnakulls, oone for Jtiu & y= tor [the 
other] for St. Clement xl^ 
1516-1517- a covlet [coverlet] to lay ffore the hygh awt [Alhalowen] xi^ 

Superaltars. 
1519-1520- Paid for ij new Supaltaris v" viij'' & for casyng of an old 

Supaltare viij'', sii of bothe - vi^ 

For the halowyng of y'= above sayd iij su|)altaris vi* 

' Probably a Canon of the Abbey of Grace. 



THE CHURCHWARDENS' BOOKS. 361 

Two Fraternities were connected with the Church of Allhallows 
Staining, and were remembered in the following bequest : — 

1534-1535- Rec. of mother Dolyons bequeste i old murrey gown 
whyche we sold for the sum of xvii'j^ whereof we payd 
to the twoo bretherheds in o' chyrche, f ys to wete to 
o' lady bretherhed, and to Seyn George & Seynt Katyn, 
to eche of them iij^ iiijd, sum vi^ viij'^, so restyth to the 
chyrche but xi^ iiii'' 

Vestments, etc. : — 

1492. Itm pt* to John Browne vestment maker for emparayling ■ 
of iiij awbes, that is to say ij of red velvet and ij of 
Impiall cloth of gold w' stoles and fanons xxj^ vj'' 

1507^1508. Itin rec of Master Pers Joye for the laystowe = of his wyffe 

a awter clothe [altar cloth] of whyte sylk w' garters. 
iS°9-i5io- I Henry VIII. Itin paid for iij pakkynge schets for to 

make a new vayle ^ afore the hy awter [high altar] iij^ iiijd 

1514-1516. for a sewte of whight vestraets [white vestments] for o' lady 

to Wynbusdus wyffe iij'' vij" viij'' 

Edmond Cooke, churchwarden, gave ''ij stayned clothes 
w' ij curteyns of dameske werke whyght & red for o' 
ladyawter in y"= chappell.' John Bregyns gave "an 
image of o' lady " of white ivory. 
1534-1535- paid for xlviii ells of new ffrench clothe for to make xiiij 

surplices, &c. xxxvii= 

itm, paid for the makyng of the same surplicis and vi 

Rochetts for Chyldren iiij= viij"* 

1492. Itin pd for XV lb. of candills * xv** 

Itiii p<^ for a lyne to the Sanctg bell - 'f 

1498-1499. Payd Barth. Spotte for SyV pax and the Crosse of Sylv' 

that he had to plege xxv=^ o 

1503-1504- Itin pd for A locke & A key to the Sowthe end of the 

Awter in owre lady chapell iiij"^ 

1506. Itiii to the Juner [joiner] in Eyrnest to make an Image 

of all hallowen iiij"* 

' " Emparayling." " Apparel " was a small piece of embroidery sewn on albs, chasubles, etc. " Fanons " 
also called fannel, favon and phanon, another term for maniple, a symbolical ornament attached to the left arm, 
originally a handkerchief worn in the girdle of the celebrant. See Shipley's " Eccles. Glossary." 

'^ " Laystowe " burial. Cf. leirstowe, sepulchre. 

' Veiling the altar was a custom in England during Lent, when a veil was hung between the altar and the 
choir, which was not drawn up at mass till after the consecration. Shipley's " Eccles. Glossary." 

' These were tallow candles. 

AAA 



xl= 





xxxiij'' 


iiij'' 




j"^ 




xij'^ 




ijd 




viij'' 



362 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

1508-1509. Itiii Ress^i of the bretherhed of Seynt Kateryn & Seynt 

George in money 
1514-1516. Rec'' of o' lady bretherhed that John Hewet paide 

1514. Itm paide for wat'' for the ffounte [font] vppon whytson 
evyn 
Itm paide for garlonds vppon Assencyon evyn & Whyt- 
sonday and Corp" xpi day 
1526-7. Paide for the cloth Abowt the sakrament - 

Payde for the hire of A pst to here y'= sacinent & a clerke 
paide to S' Wyllia the Frenche pit fro Alhallowtide to 

candeliiis . x^ o 

1537. Itm payd to chesse the brovderer, for a new clothe to be 
borne on the sacrement, w' all the apparell thereto, a 
lynyng & sylk ffrenge & all y'= brovderyng & y^ brygg 
[Bruges] sateyn, y' shall go ther vnto all iiij' vj" viij'^ 

1549. P^* ffor a Cannaby [canopy] Clothe that was borne owar 

the sacramett xl^ o 

1556. Itm for iiij tornde stawys [turned staves] for y'= Cannabe xviij"^ 

The festival of Corpus Christi, instituted by Pope Urban IV in 
1264, in honour of the Eucharist, was observed with great solemnity on the 
first Thursday after Trinity Sunday. There are numerous entries in the 
churchwardens' accounts having reference to this festival. 

A.D., 1491. Itfn p'i on Corpus Xpi day for garlands and flaggs w' 

pakthrede . viij"* 

1500. Itih payd ffor Corpp Cristy torch more than was gatherred 

emongst the gishe . xx^ 

Itm payd for Rose garlonds ffor the processcon . viij"^ 

1505. Itim paid for Roossis to make garlondds ffor them that bare 

toorches . iij'' 

Itm paid for the hyre of a Monstrans at corpus xpetyde . viij'^ 

This was a figure of John the Baptist going before the Host and 
pointing to it. 

Then doth ensue the solemne feast of Corpus Chrisli clay, 
Who then can shew their wicked use and fonde and foolish play ? 
The hallowed bread with worship great in silver Fix they beare 
About the Church, or in the Cilie, jDassing here and theare ; 
His armes that beares the same, two of the welthiest men do hold. 
And over him a Canopey of silke and clothe of golde. 
* * * 

Saint John before the bread doth go and poynting towards him 
Doth shew the same to be the Lambe that takes away our sinne. 
The Popish Kingdom or reigne of Anti-christ written in Latin verse by Thomas Naogeorgius & englyshd by 
Barnabe Googe, Anno 1570. See Kirchmeyer (Thomas) in Brit. Mas. Catalogue. 



THE CHURCHWARDENS' BOOKS. 363 

The monstrance is now in the form of a star, the centre of which is a 
circle of crystal enclosing the host, and permitting it to be seen by the 
people. Before the thirteenth century the host was reserved in a pyx, but 
after the institution of the Feast of Corpus Christi, exposition in a visible 
form was introduced. 

1509. Itm paid for small bells for the sacrament vppon corp^ 

xpi day . xvj'' 

Itm p'' to a mynstrell for ij corp^ xpi dayes ' . viij'' 

1 5 14. Itm paide to Dennes smythe for the platynge of iiij Judas 

for torchis ayenst corp xpi daye ij= . o 
1526 7. For the doth Abowt the sakrament & a clerke - . viij'' 

The price of Bibles and other religious books in the sixteenth 
century : — 

1540. Paid for a byble xj' . viij'^ 

For byndding ther of and a chayne iij'^ . j"* 
For a lok and ij keyse for the avmbre [closet] under 

the byble, and ij henge . xvj"^ 

The Bible, called Archbishop Cranmer's Great Bible, printed in 
1539, was fastened to a desk by a chain which was secured in a closet 
(aumbre) below. There is an entry of a similar kind with reference to 
Bishop Jewell's works in 1616. " Paid for a Chayne and a staple to fasten 
Dr. Jewells booke where it is placed. \s. Sd." 

This practice of chaining books to desks was general during the 
Middle Ages in public and collegiate libraries, as well as in cathedrals and 
parish churches, and, at Oxford the removal of chains did not begin till the 
middle of the last century. In the Account of Wadham College, by Mr. 
T. G. Jackson, A.R.A., there is an interesting reference to this mode of 
" settling " books, i.e., chaining them to settles, and an extract from the 
building accounts, in 161 3, showing that in the year 161 3, eighteen dozen 
of chains were purchased, as well as bars and staples for the library. 

1550. For a boke of the omylys [Homilies] in englysse - . xvi'^ 

1553. For ij bokes of the Common prayear vij" . iiij<i 

1559. A boke of the Comone prayer - iij= . iiij^ 

' A similar entry often occurs. 

AAA 2 



3^4 



Vjs 



viij'' 
xvj'' 
iiij" 



iiij'' 



j' . xvr 



viij"* 



xif 



iij° 



THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

1560. A boke of the paffrases of erosemas of Rotherdame' 

apone the pestells 

1 56 1. For a paper of the x Coinaundements 
For 'setteng it In wayne skott, to a yonnar (joiner) 

1566. For vi bokes of the Comone prayar last sett forte 

1572. A boke of thankesgeveng for vectory of [over] y^ towrke° 

1573. For ij cheynes and eyes and staples for the ij paraffrasis of 

Erasmus 
1575. A newe Bible for the Churche coste 
A booke of the lives of the Saintes - 
ReC^ for the owld bible wh I tak for my selfe [W. Yvesey]- 

1581. An howre glasse [sc, for the preacher] 
A deske to sett the hower glasse on the pulpytt, and 

another Deske to stand behind the Clarke 

1582. An Almanack and a sand boxe for the Churche 
The Almanack cost j"* 

Price of labour and building materials, etc., in 1493 (8 Henry VII) :— 

ij masons for a day, ij'* ; ij labourers ech of them for ij 
daies xx** ; a tiler and his labourer for a hoole day to 
amend a hoole in the steple xiij'', & a carpenter ij daies 
at vij'' a day, xiiij<^ ; a werkman ij daies at viij'' a day ; a 
labourer the same ij daies, x'' 

ij lodes and iiij sakks of lyme ij^ viij'' ; ij sakks of lyme 
iiij'^ ; a lode of brik ij^ iiij<^ ; a lode di? [half] of sand ix"^ ; 
iij'^ [300] tile at vij"* a C = xxi^ • xiiij lb. of candells, 
xiiij'^ ; C of iiij peny naylis iiij"^ 

new rope for the clok weighing xviij lb. at j'' the lb, xviij''- 

The following are of a miscellaneous character: — • 

1 503-4. Rec'' for a kyltherkyn of good Ale weche was drunkyn in 

the yrymongars hall, all charges born[e] xij' . ij** 

1 5 10. Ress*^ of hokkmonday in gadering money of y^ wyfTes in y' 

hy strete [the High Street = Fenchurch Street] xvj"* 

' i.e., the Paraphrase of Erasmus upon the Epistles. A Latin Paraphrase of the New Testament made by 
Erasmus. It was ordered in 1547, that an English translation be made and a copy be deposited in every 
parish church. 

''Sc, at the battle of Lepanto when the Turks were defeated by the combined fleets of Spain, Venice and 
Pope Pius V. 



THE CHURCHWARDENS' BOOKS. 365 

Brand, in " Popular Antiquities," revised by Sir Henry Ellis, states 

that various etymologies of the word " Hock" are given. The Monday and 

the Tuesday following the second Sunday after Easter were kept with great 

merriment, Monday was for the men ; Tuesday, the principal day, for the 

women. On both days "they intercepted the public roads with ropes and 

pulled passengers to them, from whom they exacted money to be laid out in 

pious uses," one of which which was the reparation of parish churches. 

The observance of Hoketyde declined soon after the Reformation. Vol. i, 

p. 1 07- 1 14, edition 1841. 

1509. Ress"* for y^ ryngyne of oure bells at y= yremongers masse - 

1511. Ress"* of the bretherhed of Seynt Kateryn & Seynt George 
in money 

1520. Paid for a pay' of newe organs & mendyng the olde organs 

1521. Paid for a Image of y'= resurreccion 

1525. Paid to Thomas Crown, Shomaker, for mendyng of owre 
organnes 

1535. For the hyryng of A payer of wyngs, A here [wig], And 
A crest for an angell on palme Sonday 

1535. Paid vnto the goodman Chese, broyderer, for makyngof A 
new Myter for the bysshop on Saint Nicholas nyght 

This refers to the annual custom on St. Nicholas' Day (December 6th) 
of electing a boy-bishop from the choristers of the cathedral or from the 
grammar school, and allowing him to wear episcopal vestments and perform 
episcopal functions, except the celebration of mass, until the eve of Innocents' 
Day (December 28th). In England this ridiculous observance was abolished 
by Henry VIII, restored by Queen Mary, and ceased in Queen Elizabeth's 
reign. Bland, vol. i, p. 227. 

In 1535 an Inventory of Church Goods was made by the church- 
wardens : — " This is the inventorye made by us the chirchewardens of 
the pisshe of Alhalowen Stanyng of London, then being Olyver Claymond, 
Clothworker of London, and John de Cane, frenchma, the xxj day of 
Apill in the yere of o' lorde god m'v'xxxv, of all the goods, Juelles and 
orneamentes belongyng unto the said churche." Considerations of space 
prevent my here printing the long and interesting list supplied by 
Churchwardens Claymond and De Cane, which gives a detailed description 





, yxf 


xl^ 





iiij' . vi** , 


. viij'' 


ix= 


■ ij^ 


xxvij^ . 


, viij'' 




. viij'' 


ij= 


. viij'' 



366 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

of the books, vestments, church furniture, and plate that belonged to the 
parish of Allhallows Staining in 1535. 

1563. Paid for gennepore ffor the cherch . ij^ 

This was used as a preservative against infection in the time of 

the plague. 

1563. For iij yardes of browede [? broad or embroidered] grene 

clothe and a haffe, for the Comunyon table xxx^ . vj<^ 

1568. For psenteng (presenting) them that ded not pay ther dew 

to y= cherch ij^ . vj^ 

1573. For ij potts danske fashoun to ffet (fetch) in Wyne ffor the 

Comnyon [Communion] vij^ o 

1574. Paid y"= somner (summoner) consing (concerning) whether 

the surples [surplice] be worne or not iij'' 

1578. For vij ballyts [ballads] consarneng y' Rebells to be soung vij'^ 

The Catholic rising in the north, headed by the Earls of 
Northumberland and Westmoreland, was the subject of these ballads. 

1580. Paid the viij of may for wyne for a great Comunyone, to 

say iiij quarts and a pint of muscadle, the somma of 00 03 00 

1581. Paide November 17 [the Anniversary of Queen Eliza- 

beth's Accession] ffor ij leggs of motton and breadd & 
drinke ffor the Ringars their Dynner the Somma of 00 02 00 

The xxvj"" of October sent to Mr. Jesson the preacher 

where he dyned a quart of wyne v<* 

1582. Payed for a matt to lay vnder the boyes feete when the[y] 

say the cathachisme in the churche viijd 

1585. Paide for a pynte of Secke [sack] 03 

Given to a poore preacher that preached with us 00 05 00 

In this year there is " a note of the gifte or benevolence 
given by the pishioners . . . towards the repairing 
and new tryming of our Churche " ; the making of 
dyvres new pewes in the qweere for menne, as also in 
trannslating, augmenting, making and mending of other 
pewes for weomen; with making a qwadrente [=four 
benches] for young menne . . . also a faire new 
table of the tenne comaundements in a qwardent [=a 
quadrant or four tablets] of Joyners and paynters woorke 
well donne. And the names of the Contributors here- 
after ^ticulerly w"' their Vallews apeers. 



THE CHURCHWARDENS' BOOKS. 367 

1587. P'' to the Ringers for Joye the traytors weare taken' - 00 00 06 
P'' to the ringers when the Queene of Scotts was pro- 

claymed traytor 00 00 08 

pd to y"= ringers the 9 of February for Joye of y'= execution 

of y*^ Queene of Scotts 00 01 00 

1588. P<* for new articles because the myse had eaten vp the 

other in the cubberd in the vestrye 00 00 04 

1592. Paide for a booke of orders concning the plague 00 00 04 

[Eighty-four burials are recorded from ■ Michaelmas 1592 to Michaelmas 1593, together with 
the fees received for the same.] 

Paide for Thre new bearing Coffyns one bigger than y'= 

other 00 12 00 

1597. Paid for the stokkes [stocks] before the Church 00 16 10 



In Queen Mary's reign an effort was made to restore, as far as 
possible, the ecclesiastical ritual and ceremonies that had prevailed up to 
1534. The following extracts relating to the first year of Queen Mary's 
reign are of special interest from this point of view : — 

1553-1554. the year ending at the ffeste of sen John the Baptyste in the ffryste yer of 
quene mary the ffryste, an° dni m. ¥"= liiij. 

In the margin is written : — " The Awltar mayde nowe agayne," 
and there are ten separate items having reference to this re-building 

of the altar, viz. : — 

Payments. 

1553-1554. For ij brykelayars to make the Awltar at xij'' a day 

ffor ij daysse a pesse 
for ij laborars for ij daysse a pesse at viij'^ a day 
for a doble lood of sande 
for lyme About the Awltar 
for new bryks to the Awltar 

for a plank for y" Awltar bowght of Richard Smart 
for ij bowrdes for to make the stepesse for y= Awltar - 
for ij carpentars for to make the steppes 
for a laborar more Abowt the Awltar 
to worke men and laborars taking owp a grett stone 

in the bodye of y^ Cherche to lay on y'' Aultar, and 

for lyme and sand 

' This is in reference to Babington's conspiracy. 



lUJ^ 




ij^ 


viij<^ 




xiiij'i 


ij^ 


viij<^ 


iiij^ 




iij^ 


viij'' 


iij^ 


iiij'' 




xxij"* 




viij"^ 


vjs 


viij'^ 



368 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

Recepts. 
R for the sepoulkar lyght, as it apperyth by y= gatheryng 

boke 
R for the paskall by haffpense of the pressenars 

[parishioners] 
R for the knell of Sir Richard Pratt 
R for the herse clothe for hem 
R for the brekeng of the grounde Affore hes pewe 
R for the Clarkes wage the yer, As it apperyth in the boke vij'' xij 

The next entries are : — 

Payments. 

for brede and wyne in the teym of y^ Communion 

If" for a challysse of syllvar w' a patten 
„ for a staffe for the crosse and paynteng it red 
„ for a cryssematory of tenne [tin] 
,, for a pyxe of tenne ffor the sacrament 
,, for a senser of latten - 

„ for makeng of a vestement and som stoff to it 
„ for a per [pair] of latten candellstykes for y' Awltar 
„ for a cannaby clothe of sylke for the sacrament 
,, for stoofe and makeng a fframe for the sepoulkar 

lyght, and a pesse for to sett the paskall on 
„ for a holy wattar sprynkell 

It™ for a crosse of latten w' mary and John, and for a 
holly watter stoke of latten 
„ for a here clothe to laye on the Aultar 
,, for holly and Ive and for boxe palme and ew 

for a owlde |)sesnar and a deske for y* maseboke 

for nowe bendyng [binding] of this boke viij'', a nowe 
[new] ^^essynor ij^ 

for A masse boke and a corprise w' a pax 



VUJ" 





Vjs 


viij'' 




xij<^ 




xviij'' 



\Y 




iij" xv^ 




ij^ 


vjd 


ij= 




ij^ 


VJd 


viij* 




yS 




iij^ 


\\\f 


vjs 




iij^ 


\\\f 




iid 


xiij^ 


iiij'' 


ij^ 


\\\f 




y\f 




V\\f 


ij^ 


viij'' 


xiiij^ 





Summary description of the three narrow folios and the large folio 
called the thick book, mentioned on p. 358. 

Narrow folio No. i. On the inside of the vellum cover is written: — 

CHERCHE WARDENS BOKE. AN° DNI 1539. 

The boke wasse gevyn by John Bewike to be the galthering boke for the Clarkes 
waghes so lonng as it woll last. And to be kepte for a Presedent, wrytton be me Hary Gowr, 
Marchant Taylor, London. 



THE CHURCHWARDENS' BOOKS. 369 

The names of those from whom the money was collected and the 
amounts, are given in detail, the parish being thus subdivided, e.g., the 
Heyestret, Byllytar Lane, Marke Lane, Blanechapylletone w'in the gatt., &c. 

Here is a specimen, Michaelmas 1543 to Michaelmas 1544 : — 



Clarkes Wages. Be Qiiaitr. 






For the Prest. 


The Heystret 








0. 0. 0. 0. Thomas Crokar a q' 


vid 




pr ii'' 


0. 0. 0. 0. Gellam Trasons a q' 


vii'' 




pr \\^ 


On p. 18 is the following summary : — 








Clarkys wagys 




xx^ 




The Preste 




xxi^ 


viii'' 


Playare of the orgayns 




iii= 


iiii"! 


Orgayne maker for feye 






xxd 


Wassynge of the churche clothys 






xx'i 


Iche Cawenger 






ii" 


Allaye wather sprenkyll - 






iiij<i 


Tene broome 


- 




id ob fiV-' 



Interspersed throughout the book are accounts of offerings for 
the several lights, e.g., " Sepolekar Lyght," "Corpus Christi Lyght,', 
" Beme Lyght." 

Under 1556 are details of fees received "of Sir John Portar' 
Cowrat, for the beruenges and weddenges sen mychellmas " the names of 
the persons married or buried being given. The wedding fee was 81^. 
Item y^ xi day of Octob' was maryd John Mychell and allys penell — 8^:'. 
The burial charges varied from lod. to i2,s. 

Itin y"= xvii"" day of dessembr beryd John Harys . . x<^ Itih y^ xxiii* day of 
dessembr beryd Fransys wylle and for y"= Clothe . . . xix^ ItiS the 
ix"* day of Octobr for y^ knyll of ye grett bell for Jemes grenken and for 
pelle . . . vii* 
ItiTi y^ XV day of Jennywar beryd Thomas Crokar in ye cherch for pytt, & knyll & 
pelles — xiii^ 
In 1566 is recorded a gift of 13^-. ^d. to the poor of the parish by 
the Ironmongers' Company, and particulars of its distribution. 

In 1 57 1, churchwardens Laurence Unwon and Robert Carr kept a 
list of the preachers in the church of AUhallows Staining. " Mr. Clarke 
pson of great allhallowes," who is credited with twelve sermons during 

BBB 



370 THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

the year, was their favourite preacher ; none of the other names appear 
more than once. 

1 57 1. A note of the sermons y' have bene made in this parishe in the tyme of 
Laurans Unvvon and Ro Carr, churche wardens. 

prino. fifirst the sonday aftar Mychellmas day M' ffox preached of a sodayne. 

Under the year 1555, the second year of Queen Mary's reign, an 

inventory of church goods, ornaments, etc., is given. Among the items is 

the following : — 

In the quere a grett per of organs and x settes of wayneskott, and ii deskes to 
lay the bokes on. 

In 1558, among " Fawtes fownde by ye Auditors," are noted : — 
Item, we thynke that the torchis are to nmche wasted at every buryall and so little 

Received for them & the clothe, as at sondry tymes as by the accompt dothe 

apere, w"'' is but xiid a tyme. 
Item, we thynke it no reson to alow xiid for the lynke w'^'' gowith a vysytacyon. 

Narrow folio No. 2. This is principally an Assessment book, on the 
first page of which is scribbled "the man is blest that hath a chest and 
money to putt therein," and the doggrel lines : — 

pluit in anno j vides tu quoth the pedler 

nescio quando j to his schollere 

fregi tot j numeres tu g"" [quoth] ye schollere 

nescio quot j to the pedler 

The book begins with the Assessment for the year 1 574-1 575 : — 
William Yvesey The Heye Street Thomas Eery 

I. 2. 3. 4. John Meeges for the iiij houses xii'' 

W. Yvesey and T. Bery were the churchwardens for the year. In 
the Heye Street, called the Street in 1581, afterwards known as Fenchurch 
Street, there were 32 assessments. In Bylletter layne, 11. Colver alye, 4. 
Marke Layne, 38, Paul Bayning's name occurs here. Blyne chapelton 
w'in, 25 assessments. 

In 1593 "Seasement for the soulders made the xvi of Decembr." 
Ninety-five names are given, the payments varying from \d. to 4«f. 
"Bonifacio facio," whose name also appears in the St. Olave's Register, 



THE CHURCHWARDENS' BOOKS. 371 

year 1580, p. 147, was assessed at the higher sum. Towards the close of 
this book there are three " suppHcations " on behalf of children to the 
Governors of Christ's Hospital. 

Narrow folio, No. 3. This volume is entided "a repertory or 
regester of things ordinarye and extraordinarye that may be sett downe and 
written in this booke conserning dyvers occasions of our busines of this 
o'^ prish-church of All S' Stayninges Anno 1585." On the inside of the 
vellum cover, reversing the book, is the loyal expression "Long live queene 
Elizabeth, 12 Decembris 1596 Thos. Lucas," and then the following lines 
added by another hand : — ■ 

I am not as I seeme ; I seeme and am the same 
Yet not as divers deeme : nor yet as manie name 
I am not as I should : I should be as I saye 
In wanting y' I would, I must be as I maye. 

The first entry refers to a legacy by Robert Sanford, labourer, 
deceased, 6th October, 1585, to be distributed in bread to the poor of the 
parish. The first distribution was made by the churchwardens on Sunday, 
7th November, 1585. Collections in the parish church for the poor are 
■first mentioned in 1598. Collections "after Breifs" for extra parochial 
objects abound during the first half of the seventeenth century, but these are 
similar to the examples given in chapter xiii from the books of St. Olave's 
parish. The amount of wine fetched for Holy Communion is amongst the 
" things ordinarye and extraordinarye sett downe and written in this booke," 
1609, April 1 6th, x quartes were fetched, and on the following Sunday, 
April 23rd, viii quartes ; eighteen quarts of wine for two Sundays seem 
an extravagant allowance. 

The large folio, called the thick book, is in height 14^^ inches, 
in width 10 inches, and in thickness 3 inches. In addition to the Church- 
wardens' Accounts, from 26th September, 1534, to 29th September, 1628, 
copies of wills relating to parish property are in this book ; also inventories 
of church goods, plate, ornaments, books, etc., made in 1535, 1585. ^^^ 
1609. Burial fees are entered from the year 1589, fees for churchings, 
from 161 7, and for marriages, from 162 1. 

BBB 2 



372 



THE ANNALS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 



From the extracts now given some idea may be formed of the 
Churchwardens' Books of the parish of AUhallows Staining, though I am 
conscious of not having been able in the Hmited space of a chapter, 
to do them justice. 

For the student of the past four centuries these records of a 
City parish contain a store-house of information, whether the object 
of inquiry be purely ecclesiastical, or social and economic questions 
relating to the varying values of money represented by the prices of 
commodities or of labour. Very few parishes, I believe, possess parochial 
books dating from 1491, and I think that the books of AUhallows Staining 
would merit printing in full, so that they might be readily accessible to the 
student or searcher in past phases of London life. 




APPENDIX. 



CONTENTS OF APPENDIX. 



I. The Census Returns, St. Olave, Hart Street, and Allhallows Staining, 

1801 to 1891 .... 

II. Origin of Written Parish Registers ok Baptisms— Extract from M. de 
Marsolier's "Ministere du Cardinal XiMENts" 

III. Pedigree Sketches 

IV. Benefactions. Details— St. Olave, Hart Street 

,, ,, Allhallows Staining 

City of London Parochial Charities Act, 1883 

V. Act for Commutation of London (City) Tithes (1864) 

Union of the Benefices of St. Olave, Hart Street, and Allhallows Staining. 
Order of H.M. in Council, 1870 ■ ... 

Scheme for Church Endowment, St. Olave, Mile End New Town, 1872- 

Trust of the Advowsons of the United Parishes, and St. Olave, Mile End 
Newt Town. Scheme of Charity Commissioners, 1879 

VI. List of Churchwardens 

List of Lecturers, St. Olave, Hart Street 

List of Vestry Clerks - - - - . . . 

VII. A Voluntary Contribution in 1798. Vestry Minute respecting Churchyard 
Boundary, 1892- - . . . . 

VIII. Clergy, Churchwardens, etc., of the United Parishes of St. Olave, Hart 
Street and Allhallows Staining 

IX. Hours of Divine Service in St. Olave's Church, and other Parochial 
Arrangements ... 



Page. 

375 

376 
377-382 
383-386 
386-390 
390-392 
393-400 

400-407 
407-409 

409-412 

413-414 

41S 

41S 

416 



417 



418 




APPENDIX. 
I. 



THE CENSUS RETURNS, 1801 to 1891 inclusive (mentioned on p. 10.) 

HOUSES. 



ST. OLAVE HART STREET. 


ALLHALLOWS STAINING. 


Year. 


Inhabited. 


Uninhabited. 


Building. 


Year. 


Inhabited. 


Uninhabited. 


Building. 


I80I . 






190 


7 


— 


180I .. 






114 





_ 


I8II . 






180 


5 


— 


1811 . 






105 


9 


— 


I82I . 






ISO 


24 


— 


1821 .. 






193 


15 


2 


I83I . 






171 


12 


— 


183I .. 




. 


lOI 


14 


— 


I84I . 






150 


24 


— 


184I .. 






103 


15 


2 


1851 . 






150 


24 


— 


185. .. 






99 


9 


— 


I86I . 






129 


36 


— 


i86t .. 






89 


10 


3 


I87I . 






72 


— 


— 


1871 .. 






63 


26 


— 


1881 . 






60 


Not given. 


— 


1881 .. 






41 


— 


— 


I89I . 






54 


47 


— 


1891 .. 




• 


33 


22 


— 


POPULATION. 


Ye 


ar. 


Persons. 


Males. 


Females. 


Year. 


Person.s. 


Males. 


Females. 


1 801 . 




1,216 


SCO 


716 


180I .. 




, 


714 


332 


382 


181I . 




1,030 


431 


599 


iSii .. 




• 


623 


295 


328 


182I . 




1,012 


430 


582 


I82I .. 






577 


271 


306 


183I . 




1,041 


459 


582 


I83I .. 






577 


240 


337 


184I . 




816 


331 


485 


I84I .. 






502 


216 


286 


185 1 . 




893 


38s 


508 


1851 .. 






512 


210 


302 


1861 . 




757 


319 


438 


I86I .. 






358 


159 


199 


1871' . 




• i 363 


161 


202 


I87I' .. 






243 


90 


153 


1 881 . 




2SS 


Not given. 


Not given. 


1881 .. 






175 


Not given. 


Not given. 


1891 . 




• i 236 


106 


130 


I89I .. 






128 


56 


72 



'The parishes were ecclesiastically united a.d. 1870, 



376 APPENDIX. 



II. 



ORIGIN OF WRITTEN PARISH REGISTERS OF BAPTISM. 

Synod held at Alcala, Spam, in 1497. Cf. p. 137. 

II s'^toit glisse en ce tems-la un desordre en Espagne qui ^toit suiv^ da quantite d'abus. 
Les divorces y dtoient fort frequens, & ce qui les rendoit si communs etoit, qu'aussitot que deux 
personnes mariees, pour quelque raison que ce pftt etre, avoient envie de se sdparer, ils n'avoient 
qu'a supposer qu'ils avoient tenu ensemble un enfant sur les Fonts de Bapteme, ils ne 
manquoient jamais de tdmoins vrais ou supposes pour I'attester, et sur cela les parties se 
separoient. Cette licence avoit introduit en Espagne une infinite de mariages illicites. 
L'Archeveque se crut oblige de r^medier a ce desordre ; et pour en venir a bout et empecher 
qu'on ne supposat faux sur un sujet si important, il fut le premier qui ordonna qu'il y auroit dans 
toutes les Paroisses un Registre oii Ton &riroit exactement les noms de ceux qui seroient 
baptises, de leurs peres, meres, parains, maraines, et des temoins qui avoient assistes au 
Bapteme, avec I'annee, le mois, et le jour de cette c^remonie. 

Histoire du Ministere du Cardinal Ximenes, par M. de Marsolier. A. Paris. Troisifeme 
Edition, 1739, tome i, livre ii, pp. 263-264. 



APPENDIX. 



377 



III. 



Morant's " Essex," I, 446. 



BAYNING PEDIGREE. 



Richard Bayning, of Dedham. 

. I 

Richard T Anne, daughter and 
co-heir of Robert 
Raven, of Creting 
St. Mary, Sufifolk. 



Richard of Dedham. t- Anne. 



. =F Paul, 
dau. of Mowse, of ob. 
Needham, or Cret- 1616. 
ing, SufiFolk, 



Susan, dau. and heir 
of Richard Norden, 
of Mistley. She re- 
married Sir Francis 
Leigh, Knt. & Bart. 



Andrew, 

ob. 1610. 



Sir Paul, =F Anne, dau. of Sir Henry Glemham, Knt. 
only son and heir, 
cr. Visct. Bayning 
of Sudbury, 1627-8, 
ob. at his house in 
Mark Lane,2Q July, 
1629, possessed of 
very large real es- 
tate and a personal 
estate of j6i53,ooo, 
&c. 



Paul, 

2nd and last Viscount 
Bayning, bap. at St. 
Olave's, 4 March, 
1615-16. 



Cecilia— Henry Pierpont, 
bap. at St. Olave's, Visct. Newark. 
8 April, 1613. 



CCC 



378 



APPENDIX. 



DACRES AND ATKINS PEDIGREE. 



lo. 9, 1639. Edward Dacres and Lady Annabella Atkins, marr. 



" Extinct Baronetage '' and Harl. Soc. Publ"^ xv, 30. 



Henry Atkins, ^ 
physician to James I 
and Charles 1 [ob. 
1635, M.I. at Ches- 
hunt]. 



Sir Henry, = 
knighted by Jas. I, 
[of Clapham, Surrey, 
ob. 1638, and buried 
there]. 



Coat of Hawkins, quarterly of four 
I and 4. Hawkins. 

2. Paly of 6, or & gules, on a chief argent, 

3 escallops sable [Bay]. 

3, Azure, a bend cotised, indented or 

[Power]. (Cf. Kerby impaling Bay 
under M. I.) 



Annabella, = 
dau. and sole heir 
of John Hawkins 
of Chiddingston, 
Kent, by Anne, 
dau. and co-heir 
of Wm. Bay of 
London, gent., 
by Annabella his 
wife, dau. and 
heirof Mr. Power 
in CO. Hants [ob. 
1673, M.I. Ches- 
hunt]. 



Sir Thomas Dacres,or 

Cheshuntjknighted 

at Theobalds, 1604. 

Sheriff of Hert.s. 

I 

I ' 

I 
Edward [of Bed 
well Park, Essen^ 
den, Herts, ob, 
1659, M.I. Ches- 
hunt]. Marr. St. 
Olave's, 10. 9, 
1639. 



APPENDIX. 



379 



HADDON PEDIGREE. (A.) 



Miscellaneous Pedigrees, circa Henry 8, Harl. MS. (Brit. Mus.) 1074, p. 40. 



Robert Bifeld -rjohanna, doughter of 





de London, Alder- 


Wortham. 










to Nornil orNoruil 




man. 






Argent, on a chev- 








Gules, a chevron 




ron between three 


Gules, a fret argent, 




Sable, five be- 


between three 




lions rampant sable, 


over all a bend 




zants in saltire, 


gambs erased 




the two in chief re- 


vair^j or and gules. 




a chief or. 


and erect, er- 
mine. 




specting each other, 
as many bezants. 






1 1 

Anna=FRycb 


ard Haddon, Will 


ill Hil=Leticiam, =Simond Thomas Wyndowt ^Katerina ^pRychard 


;a 


Robert! Bifeld. 


Miles. I 

Or, a man's leg 
couped at the 
thigh azure, im- 
paling Bifeld. 


dowghter Rice 
to Thomas 2 
Northland 


"Marcr" & Aldn. 
of London. 

1 & 4, Gules, a fesse 
dancettf^e and a la- 
bel of five points or 

2 & 3. Per fesse gules 
and or, a lion ram- 
pant per fesse ar- 
gent & azure, 
goutt^e— , between 
three escallops 
counterchanged ; 
Impaling North- 
land as ante. 


filiaThomae 
Northland. 


Haddon 

Or, a man's 
leg couped 
at the thigh 
azure, im- 
paling 
Northland 
as ante. 








1 










WiUiJi Haddo 


n=i=Tohanna Wyndowt. 




Bartholomew =F Anna Hull. 


WiUm 










Wyndowt, 


Haddon 


I 


Haddon. 








Per pale argent obijt. 


2 


Wyndowt, quar- 






I & 2. As above. 


and sable, a chev- 




terly of four. 






3. Northland. 


ron between three 


3 


Northland. 






4. Nornil. 


dolphins, hauri- 


4 


Bifeld. 








ant, counter- 
changed. 

^ 1 




Thomas Anna^ Philip Yorke. 


Leticiam Katerina^ 


1 1 

-Rauf Caldwall, ^ Johanna Katerina 




Haddon. Haddon. 




Haddon. Haddon. 

Quarterly of 
4 as above. 


son of John S^ Haddon. Wyndowt. 
Caldwall de 
Alston, in the 
Counte of 




Katerina 








Staford. 




Yorke. 




Leticiam 
















Caldwall. 


I & 4. Argent, on a fess 


e 









dancett^e azure,between 
three lozenges fessways 
gules, as many fishes' 
[? pikes'] heads erased 
and erect, or 
2 & 5. Azure, semee of es- 
toiles, a cross form^e 
fitch^e or. 



CCC 2 



38o 



APPENDIX. 



HADDON PEDIGREE. (C.) 

Heraldic Collections of Wm. Penson, Lancaster Herald. 
Harl. MS. (Brit. Mus.) 1052, p. 5b. 



Robert Byfeld,=Fjane, d. of 
of London, I Wortham. 
Alderman. 



Thomas, 
2 son. 



Ann, =i=Sir Richard Haddon, 
d. & heir. Knt. 



Ann, wife to 
Philip Yorke. 



Lettice. 



Willlam~Jane, daughter to 
I son. Thomas Wyndout. 



Katherine, 

wife to 
Rd. Caldwell. 



Jone. 



HADDON AND WYNDEUT PEDIGREE. (B.) 

Book of Pedigrees of the Gentry of Suffolk and other Counties. 
Add. MS. (Brit. Mus.) 5524, p. 26b. 



Sr. Bartholomew Wyndeut^the dr. of Sr. Robert Wyndeut, of 



of Buntingford. 

Per fesse gules & or, a lion 
rampant per fesse counter- 
changed, goutt^e of the field, 
between three escallops coiin- 
terchangedi 



N orthumberland 
Yorkshir 



{sic\ and his heir. 



Gules, a fesse dancettie or, a label of five 
points argent. 



John WyndeutTdaughter of Brabant. 



Sir John Norton'^daughterof the Lord 
of Battell, in Sussex. Gray of Ruthyn. 



Gules, a fret argent, 
over all a bend vair6, 
or & gules. 



Thomas Wyndeut- 
of Buntingford. 



Rasill, daughter of 
Basingborne. 

Gyronny of lo or & 
sable. 



Thomas Norland 



Joane, =F William Walker, 

dau. of 'fs 

John Norton 
of Sussex. 



Thomas Wyndeut= 

1 & 4. \Vyndeut of 

Buntingford. 

2 & 3. Wyndeut of 

Northumberland. 



Katherine = 
d. to Thomas 
Norland. 

1 & 4. Argent, 
on a chevron 
between three 
lions rampant 
sable, as many 
bezants. 

2 & 3. Gules, a 
fretargentjOver 
allabend vair6, 
or & gules. 



Richard Haddon 

Or a man's leg 
couped at the 
thigh azure. 



William HiU=F Lettice =^Symon Rice. 



ist husband. 



Norland 



Robart HiU=FAlice, dau. of 



of Howndhill, in 
CO. Staff. 

Argent,a chevron 
between three 
water bougets 
sable. 



Alblaster. 

Argent, a cross- 
bow in pale 
gules. 



William Haddon -r Joane. 






Bartholomew ^ Ann . 
Wyndeut. 






Thorn. xs 
Haddon. 


Anne 




Bartholomew. 


Richard 

Wyndeut, 

s.p. 


Katherin. 


Katherin 


Katherine. 


Clement. 


Anne 




Lettice. 





C/) 

W 
W 

O 

Q 
W 

W 

o 
n: 
^; 
w 

H 
O 



Q 
IS 
< 

< 

X 

O 
!4 



.£S!? 








1rt &„■" 




K -S-u 








1 .WOK 


















|3'^:a 


u-aj 


Fans 
awe 
erby 
er o 
r to 


j§<-> 


«E2.; 


John 
Fansh 
unty E 
embranc 
xcheque 
b. 1578, 
rass to h 
Dronfie 
erbyshir 


oSEHOm.SQ 



*^ Si's 0*rQ C 

a d c u <u c3 

-ESS -^Pc 
H 






Hz^.. 



r6 






c . 

d to 

U 

Ih 

■5^3 O ^ C 



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lSg-2-1^^6- 
o 

Ih : 



v'u 

H|h 



"II 

iili 






■C iJ) 0) 3 2 rt-*- ._]q ^ ( 

■3 gw-SO 8S awum.i 



.a S 
II- 












ifiE 




«r 




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11 






















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E p ri [? 



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■i3j- u d (U 

■^S-o2M 
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i^^l-L-s § sl^ s 



1 I- Q j-^ I 
j^.J O 0*3 O 



ri f> - 



b6>s.2i3x-£(2d^ 









3J3 E 






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CO. Id 



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ro 


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hH* 


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2 




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75 


C3 




r! 


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(ij 







nil 




0) 


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,a 


t? 


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XI 


a> 




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1-1 


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382 



APPENDIX. 



LETHIEULLIER PEDIGREE. 



Berry's "Kent Pedigrees" and Drake's "Hasted," I, 253. 



Sir John LethieulHer^pAnne, 



Knt., of Lewisham, 
Kent, Sheriff of 
London, 1674, ob. 
1718, bur. Green- 
wich. 



eldest daughter of 
Sir Win. Hooker, 
Shtriff of London, 
1665, Lord Mayor, 
1673- 



1 12 1 
John, ob. Mary,=FWilliam— Mary Sarkield, Ann -John Deleau, of 
1737, daughter of I of Beck- of Cumberland. Whaddon.Sur- 
EEt. 78. Nicholas enham& rey, first bus- 
Manning. I Sutton. band, 

J ' 

William— Rachel Farmer, 
of London, citi- 
zen and grocer. 

ALLHALLOWS' STAINING REGISTER. 
Bapt. 14 Oct. 1662. Anne, d. of John Lethueller, Merchant, & Anne, born 29 Sep. 
Bapt. 25 Oct. 1711. William, son of Wm. & Mary Lethieullier. 

ST. OLAVE'S REGISTER. 
Bapt. 23 April, 1704. Wm., son of Wm. & Mary Lethieullier. 

DIARY AND CORRESPONDENCE OF SAMUEL PEPYS, &c. MYNORS BRIGHT'S EDITION, 1876, 

VOL. Ill, p. 331-2. 

1665, Dec. 13. " On the 'Change invited by Sheriff Hooker, who keeps the poorest, mean, dirty table in a dirty house that 
ever I did see any Sheriff of London ; and a plain, ordinary, silly man I think he is, but rich ; only his son, 
Mr. Lethulier, I like, for a pretty civil, understanding merchant ; and the more by much, because he happens to be 
husband to our noble, fat, brave lady in our parish, that I and my wife admire so." 

Sir John Lethieullier was one of the principal parishioners of St. Olave's. He is one of three who gave five pounds towards 
the building of St. Paul's after the Great Fire. See Book of Names and Sums contributed to a Brief, read 1680, 
April 4, quoted p. 223. Sir Robert Knightley and Sir Anthony Deane gave a like sum. 

The same book, folio 5b, opposite Lethieullier's name, has a pencil note with no signature or date. "This I think 
must have been in Hylords Court. If I remember right Sir Jno. Lethulier preceded Lascelles & Daking merchts, 
the founders of the noble House of Harewood." 



RICCARD PEDIGREE. 

Harl. MS. (Brit. Mus.) 5523, p. 265. 



Walter Riccard^ 
[of Dorset, Harl. I 
MS. 1476, p. 127.] I 



Andrew— daughter of Robert Bateman, 
Living 1634. of London, Chamberlain. 

Argent, a chevron [Or, three crescerts 

sable, in dexter chief gules, each surmount- 

quarter, a cinquefoil ed by an estoile of 

giiles. the last. Harl. Soc, 

XV, 55.] 



APPENDIX. 383 



IV. 



BENEFACTIONS. PARISH OF ST. OLAVE, HART STREET. 

I. — Lord Sudbury's Charity. 

Paul Bayning, Viscount Sudbury, by his will dated 12th July, 1629, bequeathed to his 
executors ;^i,22o for buying land, and building and keeping in repair a hospital in St. Olave's 
Hart Street, for ten aged poor men and women, who had been householders, and had fallen into 
poverty; and a further sum of ;^2,28o for the purchase of lands for the maintenance of the 
inmates of the hospital. His executors to have the first nomination till his heir came of age. 

This charity was administered under a scheme of the Master of the Rolls, dated t,^^ 
June, 1854, which provided that the Trustees, viz., the Rector for the time being and six others 
should apply the net proceeds in equal portions for the benefit of not more than ten, nor less 
than six, poor persons of the class described in the testator's will. 

2. — Hull's Charity. 

Walter Hull, by his will, made about the year 1640, devised unto the parson, church- 
wardens, and parishioners, their successors and assigns, two messuages, with gardens and 
orchard, in St. Mary's, Matfelon (Whitechapel) ; certain messuages and land in the parish of 
Lewisham ; and one messuage and an acre of land, in the parish of East Ham, for the following 
purposes, to found a Thursday lectureship, of the value of ;^2o per annum, to provide bread for 
the poor inhabiting the parish (two shillings' worth every Lord's day), annual payments, to the 
churchwardens and collectors for the poor, to the clerk and the sexton, and to two poor members 
of the Merchant Taylors' Company ; the surplus to be distributed among the poor inhabitants 
of St. Olave's Hart Street. 

3. — Wolstenholme's Charity. 

By indenture, dated 12th September, 1670, reciting that on 24th November, 1639, Sir 
John Wolstenholme appointed ;£ioo to be expended in purchasing a yearly revenue for the 
poor. Sylvester Dennis conveyed to the rector and churchwardens, for this purpose, a piece of 
ground in the parish of St. Ethelburga, Bishopsgate. 

4. — Lowen's Charity. 

John Lowen, by will, 19th September, 1669, charged property at Rainham, in Essex, 
called Gerpens or Jaspin's Farm, with two payments, each of £,2 \is. od. yearly, to provide 
seven two-penny loaves every Sunday, to be brought into the church and given to seven of the 
poorest, aged, and most infirm in the parishes of Rainham and St. Olave Hart Street. 



384 APPENDIX. 

5. — Bayneham's Charity. 

Founded in 1572 by Mrs. Mary Bayneham. ^^5 i,s. od , called "the groat gift," used 
to be given away in six fourpenny pieces weekly, and was a specific charge upon the property, 
and the moiety of the residue. See Allhallows' Staining Benefactions. 

6. — Sir James Ueane's Gift. 

The only record respecting this charity is one of the Benefaction Tables, dated 1763, 
by which it appears that ;,^s 41. od. per annum, the donation of Sir James Deane, issuing out 
of Ash Farm, near Basingstoke, was to be given in bread, 25. worth weekly. 

7. — John Hylord's Gift. 

The Benefaction Table states that this was a gift of ;!^2 per annum, a rent charge upon 
two houses in Hylord's Court, Crutched Friars, and a tablet on the wall at S.E. end of the nave 
states also that the benefactor " doth alow for foure Sarmones yerlie for ever as by his will at 
large doth appeare." The payment for the poor has been regularly received from the India 
office, and previously was received from the East India Company. The payment ;£2 it,s. ^d. 
per annum in respect of the sermons was in abeyance during the incumbencies of Letts and 
Laing, and for several years after I became rector. A Memorandum Book, however, bequeathed 
to his successors by Dr. H. B. Owen, showing the tithes and other payments received by the 
rector, came at length into my possession, and enabled me to recover from the India Office the 
arrears due from the date of my appointment, the claim not being barred by the general Statutes 
of Limitations, but valid under 3 and 4, William IV, c. 27, § 29. Under this statute the claims 
of bishops, rectors, &c., are not barred until after two incumbencies and six years, if they make 
up sixty years ; or, with as many added years as will make up sixty years. The ecclesiastical 
part of the charity does not appear in Hare's Report, i860. 

8. — Richard Cheyney's Gift. 
This charity, which dates from 1625, consists of a charge of 40J. per annum, to be paid 
to four poor men or women of St. Olave's. The Churchwardens of St. Mary Woolnoth pay the 
amount. The estate, out of which it issued, was sold in 1853, under the provisions of the 
Victoria London Dock Act, and the purchase money was invested in Consols. 

9. — Andrew Windsor's Gift. 
Andrew Windsor by will dated isth May, 1625, gave £,6 13^. ^d. per annum by a 
charge upon a house in Crutched Friars, to the Rector and Churchwardens to distribute among 
poor inhabitants. The house was taken by the London and Blackwall Railway Company, 
subject to this payment. 

10. — Margaret Dane's Gift. 

By her will, i6th May, 1579, Margaret Dane, bequeathed a considerable sum to the 
Ironmongers' Company, inter alia, that they should purchase annually at best times bundles of 
faggots to be distributed for the benefit of the poor among the Wards in the City of London. 
Instead of this, for many years past, small sums of money have been given. 



APPENDIX. 385 

II. — Benjamin Smith's Gift. 
By will dated 3rd September, 17 19, Benjamin Smith gave ^100, the interest of which 
was to be applied to the relief of five poor old men, and five poor old women, who should be 
inhabitants of St. Olave's Hart Street, every New Year's Day, immediately after morning prayer, 
at the Parish Church. 

12.— Evans's Gift. 

By will 12 April, 1740, Richard Evans bequeathed ^20 to the Rector and Church- 
wardens of St. Olave's Hart Street, the interest of which was from St. Thomas's Day in every 
year after divine service, to be equally divided among poor widows to be chosen by the Rector 
and Churchwardens. 

13. — Lambert's Gift. 

Sir Daniel Lambert (who died in 1 742), according to the Benefaction Table gave £(io, 
the interest of which was to be paid to poor men and poor women of the parish every New 
Year's Day. 

14. — Williamson's Gift. 

By will, dated 29th May, 1780, John Williamson gave to St. Olave's Hart Street, ^do, 
the interest to be divided among three poor people not taking other alms. 

15. — William Tunnard's Gift. 

By his will, dated the 13th February, 1829, after desiring to be interred in the parish 

where he should die, in a substantial brick grave, with a strong plain stone over the same, gave 

to the Minister and Churchwardens of such parish ;^5oo Three per Cent, reduced Annuities, 

free of legacy duty, upon trust, to apply so much of the Dividends as should be annually 

wanted to keep in repair his said gravestone, and after payment thereof, to pay the sexton of 

the parish £,\ per annum for his care and trouble in respect of his said grave, and the 

residue for the poor inhabitants. 

16. — iBarton's Gift. 

Rebecca Barton, by her will dated 183 1, and proved in February, 1834, gave ;^ioo 
Three per Cent. Consols for the poor. This charity is not affected by the Scheme of the 
City of London Parochial Charities Act, 1883. See p. 391. 

17. — Parish Estate. 
One Hundred Pounds New Three per Cents., supposed to have arisen from fines paid 
by persons declining to serve as Churchwardens. Cf. pp. 228, 229 and 32. 

Lady Anne Hope's Lectureship. 
By will dated 16 19, Lady Anne Hope charged her property at Erith in Kent, with the 
payment of ^12 per annum in respect of a lecture to be delivered the first Thursday in every 
month in the parish church of St. Olave Hart Street, failing which, in the parish church of 
St. Botolph Aldgate ; if St. Botolph neglect, then the bequest to go to St. James's, Duke's 
Place. The property upon which the payment was charged was sold by Lieut. -Col. Wheatley 

DDD 



386 APPENDIX. 

about the year 1874, and the lot 144, the Erhh Ballast Wharf, was sold to Mr. Parish, of 
Erith, subject to this charge. Lady Anne Hope's will, however, made " all and singular her 
lands, messuages, &c, chargeable." This ecclesiastical charity does not appear in Hare's 
Report, i860. 

St. Olave's Hart Street and Allhallows' Staining Joint Charity. 

Church and Church Services Maintenance Fund. 

On the union of the two Parishes for ecclesiastical purposes the sum of ^^'2,000 was, 
under the provisions of the Scheme, paid to the Churchwardens of the United benefice. The 
amount was invested in the purchase of J[,i,()Zo /^. od. East India Four per Cent. Stock, in 
the names of the Churchwardens of the two Parishes, producing an income of ^^79 ^s. id. 

This charity is not affected by the City of London Parochial Charities Act, the 
endowment being less than fifty years old. 



BENEFACTIONS. PARISH OF ALLHALLOWS STAINING. 

I. — Costyn's Gift. 

John Costyn, girdler, to whom reference has been made (pp. 326, 327) by his will dated 
ist August, 1442, proved in the Court of Husting in 1447, "bequeathed to Johanna his wife, 
the reversion of certain shops, land, etc., in the alley called ' le Peynted Aley,' and in Martlane 
in the parish of All Hallows de Stanyngchirch charged with observing his obit, with silent 
mass of one of the five joys of the glorious mother of God, and other religious and charitable 
uses, and further with the distribution between the Vigil of All Saints and Easter Eve, so long 
as his wife shall live of 100 quarters of coals among the poor of the parish, if there shall be 
so many poor dwelling therein, or else to the poor in the next parish within the Tower Ward, 
a single man or woman receiving weekly one bushel of good measure ' full be heped.' After 
the death of his wife the lands and tenements to go to Alice, his daughter, wife of Thomas 
Pecke, in tail, subject to similar provisions ; remainder to the Mayor and Commonalty of the 
City of London, subject to the same obligations, for the maintenance of the water conduits of 
the City. In default the property to go over to the Vicar of St. Laurence Jewry, and the 
Wardens of the Girdlers' Company in trust for sale, the proceeds to be applied to the repair of 
bridges and highways, the bestowal of marriage portions, and other pious and charitable uses." 
See " Sharpe's Calendar." 

Before the Scheme under London City Charities Act, 1883, came into operation, the 
names of persons chosen by the Rector and Churchwardens were sent, annually, to the Keeper 
at Guildhall, and fifteen or sixteen persons received two or three bushels of coals weekly; forty 
bushels a week were thus distributed for twenty successive weeks from 31st October. 



APPENDIX. 387 

2. — Claymond's Gift. 

Olyver Claymond, Citizen and Clothworker, in the first codicil to his will bearing date 
the last day of February, in the 31st year of Henry VIII (a.d. 1539-40), proved in 1540 in the 
Court of Husting, bequeathed unto the Clothworkers' Company certain messuages in the 
parishes of St. Christopher " next the Stokkes of London," St. Olave near the Tower, and 
St. Nicholas Aeon, after the decease of his wife Ann, they paying unto Thoniasine, one of his 
daughters, ^^4 sterling per annum, and also " yearly providing the Paschal light and Sepulchre 
light at Easter within the Church of All Hallows Staining, and also finding yearly 4 staff 
torches and the garnishing of 24 other torches, within the said church upon Corpus Christi 
day to accompany reverently the Sacrament." Cf. pp. 328, 365 and 389, "Parish Estate." 

The Parish regularly received zos. per annum from the Clothworkers' Company till 1874 
when, under an Order of the Charity Commissioners, the sum of;^so was invested in the names 
of the OflRcial Trustees of Charitable Funds. 

3. — Mrs. Mary Bayneham's Charity. 

Founded in 1572, and endowed with six messuages or tenements for the perpetual 
relief of poor people resident and dwelling in Allhallows Staining and St. Olave Hart Street 
next adjoining, to the best of the skill and understanding of her trustees. 

^ In each parish the sum of £,<, i^s. a year, or 2s. a week was to be given to the poor 
every Sunday, and a moiety of the balance was to be paid to the Churchwardens of each 
parish. In St. Olave's the amount was always distributed among the poor; in Allhallows 
Staining it was applied at one time in aid of the Poor Rate {see Hare's Report in i860, in 
which it is further stated that there were then no special trustees of the estate]. By an 
Order of the Charity Commissioners, 21st July, 1876, the Rector and Churchwardens of the 
two parishes, and three persons from each of them, were appointed trustees, and by another 
Order, 6th March, 1877, a scheme was framed for filling up vacancies in the Trust. The gross 
income of the Charity was _;^i,i4o per annum, in 1891. 

4. — Parrot's Gift. 

John Parrot, of the City of London, gentleman, by will dated 31st October, 1572, 
proved 1572-3 (Hust), left a messuage in St. James at Garlick Hithe, to the Rector and 
Churchwardens of the parish, in trust to divide the rents among the poorest of the said parish, 
and the parish of All Hallows Stayning, " parte and parte lyke either parisshe." 

The Churchwardens' books of the parish of Allhallows Stayning, show that the sum 
of 40J. has been received every year from the Churchwardens of St. James, Garlick Hithe, 
but no such rent charge is mentioned in the testator's will as enrolled (Report of the City 
Parochial Charities Commission, 1880, Vol. Ill, pp. 18 and 197). 

DDD 2 



388 APPENDIX. 

5. — Margaret Dane's Gift. 
The Ironmongers' Company under the will of Mrs. Margaret Dane, i6th May, 1579, 
paid annually amounts varying from ds. to 75. 

6. — The Gifts of William and Mary Harrison. 

William Harrison, by his will 4th March, 1619, left £\^o for bread and clothing 
to thirteen poor aged and impotent persons. 

Mary Harrison, by her will 15th October, 1656, bequeathed £,\$o for coals to twelve 
poor aged women. The Haberdashers' Company are the trustees of these charities. 

7. — Handson's Gift. 

Raphe (Ralph) Handson, Ironmonger, by his will proved 1653-4 (Hust), bequeathed 
to the Ironmongers' Company certain messuages in St. Olave's Hart Street, out of which, 
inter alia., payments were to be made of 20s. per annum for bread to the poor, 2s. 6d. each to 
the clerk and sexton, ^£2 los. for a dinner for the parishioners, and 20s. for a sermon to 
be preached in the church of All Hallows Stayning, on St. Mark's Day. 

" Yesterday an anniversary sermon was preach'd at S. AUhallows Staining in Mark- 
lane, according to the will of Mr. Ralph Handson citizen and ironmonger, commemorating 
as on that day his deliverance from ship wreck, &c., a large allowance of bread was distributed 
to the poor, &c." See "The Grub Street Journal," Thursday, May ist, 1735, number 279, 
under the heading " Domestic News," 

8. — Bewley's Gift. 
Founded by Thomas Bewley in 1667, who, by his will dated 31st July, 1667, 
bequeathed ^£300 for purchasing lands or tenements in London ; one moiety for the main- 
tenance and encouragement of an able and godly preaching minister, who shall be parson 
of the said Parish (AUhallows Staining) and the other moiety for the poor. 

The sum of ^330 14.?., New Three per Cent. Annuities belonging to this Charity 
now stands to the credit of the Official Trustees of Charitable Funds under an Order of the 
Board of 15th January, 1869. 

This charity is specially excepted from the Scheme of the City of London Parochial 
Charities Act, 1883. &e p. 391. 

9. — Winter's School Charity. 
William Winter, in 1669, gave a legacy of ^1,000 (of which only ;^soo was paid) to 
be employed for the best advantage of six poor boys in this Parish for their instruction. In 
1 68 1 a Scheme was settled by the Commissioners of Charitable Uses appointed under the 
Act 43 Queen Elizabeth. The fund, by adding to capital, interest saved, amounted to 
;^2,2So Consols, and the income was applied to the education, clothing and apprenticeship 
of six poor boys. 



APPENDIX. 389 

10. — Ladv Holford's Gift. 

Lady Elizabeth Holford, by her will dated 19th November, 17 17, directed her 
executors to purchase or settle out of her estate ;[^\o per annum for the use of a minister 
reading prayers twice a day in the church of Allhallows Staining, ^d for the clerk, and ;^4 for 
the sexton, and the residue of her estate in augmentation of the aforesaid charitable purposes, 
or such other charitable uses as the executors should think fit. 

The property of this charity was sold to the Trinity House, and the sale was 
confirmed by an Act 37 George III, c. 83 (local and personal) which made the Trinity House 
subject to a yearly rent-charge of ;^7o, viz., ^46 \t,s. 4d., payable to the rector, j^j to the 
clerk, ;^4 13J. 4^. to the sexton, and ;!^ii 13^. 4^. to be distributed among the poor. 

By an order of Her Majesty in Council, 1870, the sum of ;£46 13^. 4^. is appro- 
priated to the rector of the united parishes, together with one moiety of Bewley's Gift. 

This charity is specially excepted from the Scheme of the City of London Parochial 

Charities Act, 1883. See p. 391. 

II. — Dorrien's Gift. 

John Dorrien, in 1785, bequeathed to the Rector and Churchwardens ^100, for poor 
inhabitants not receiving other alms. ^175 Consols representing this charity stands to the 
credit of the official Trustees of Charitable Funds. 

12. — H.-iYES Gift. 
James Hayes, of Great Surrey Street, Blackfriars, who died March 4th, 182 1, gave 
;^ioo to the poor of this Parish. The amount was invested in the purchase of ;^97 8s. ^d. 
New Four per Cents., now New Three per Cents. 

13. — The Parish Estate. 

This consists of N° 7, Mark Lane, which adjoined the Parish Church, and was 
between the Church and Star Alley. 

A lease for ninety-nine years was granted in 1534 to the then Churchwardens, Oliver 
Claymond and John de Cane, by the Abbot and Convent of our Lady of Graces, near the 
Tower of London, at the rent of 2s., and renewable for another ninety-nine years at the same 
rent on a fine of -^s. 4d. 

The house was let at that time for 205. per annum. John de Cane survived Oliver 
Claymond, and died possessed of the lease. John Saunders, one of the Churchwardens in 
1589, took out administration to the estate of De Cane, and by Deed Poll, dated 8th March, 
1589, granted to Peter Austin, the other Churchwarden, and eleven other parishioners, the 
said lease and his estate in the house for the residue of the term of ninety-nine years, " to the 
use and behoof of the whole Parish of Allhallows Staining to the extent that they with the 
rents, &c., should pay the said yearly rent of 2s. . . . And well and sufficiently repair, 
sustain and amend the Parish Church, and relieve and help the poor of the same parish, and do 
such other deeds of charity as to them the Churchwardens should seem good." 



390 APPENDIX. 

On the dissolution of the Monastery of our Lady of Graces in 1539, the said house, 
subject to the lease, became vested in the Crown, and in 1602 was granted by letters patent of 
September 22nd, in the forty-fourth year of Queen Elizabeth's reign, by the Crown to John 
Porter, whose executor or devisee granted the premises to the Churchwardens and fourteen 
parishioners. On 22nd October, 1650, new Trustees, nominated by the Vestry, were appointed 
by Indenture of Bargain and Sale. The Churchwardens were to take the rents, to be applied 
by the Vestry to the same purposes as heretofore. 

At Michaelmas, i860, a building lease was granted for eighty years at £,\A° per 
annum. The above information regarding No. 7, Mark Lane, is based upon the statement 
drawn up by Mr. John Watney, then Vestry Clerk, and presented to the Charity Com- 
missioners at their inquiry in 1880. 

14. — Barker's Gift. 

Joseph Barker, of Leadenhall Street, brazier, born in this parish, at N° 13, Billiter 
Lane, and brought up in Winter's School, by his will, proved 21st May, 1836 (P.C.C), 
bequeathed ^^150 for the use and benefit of "William Winter's Children," the interest to be 
laid out in purchasing their freedom (after having served their apprenticeship to a freeman of 
the City) upon these conditions, that his grave and flat-stone be kept in order, and that the 
statement of the above donation be inscribed on the said stone. With accumulations the 
amount of Stock became ;£^4i7 9^'. 8^. Consols. By an Order of the Charity Commissioners, 
19th May, 1874, the Rector and Churchwardens for the time being were appointed trustees, 
and the net income, so far as it was not required for the special purposes named by the testator, 
was to be applied in augmenting the premiums heretofore paid under Winter's Charity for 
apprenticing boys, or otherwise, towards the advancement in life or other benefit of such boys. 

This Charity, being an endowment less than fifty years old at the commencement 
of "The City of London Parochial Charities Act, 1883," was excepted from the Scheme, 
but Winter's Charity came under its operation, and as there are now no " Winter's Children " 
to be apprenticed, the trustees are applying to the Charity Commissioners for permission to 
employ the net income for the apprenticing, or other advantage, of poor boys in the parish. 
This Charity is not affected by the Scheme of the City of London Parochial Charities Act, 1883. 



CITY OF LONDON PAROCHIAL CHARITIES ACT, 1883. 

It will he convenient here to refer to this important measure, and to shew how the 
Charities of the two parishes were affected by it, and by the Scheme framed subsequently. 
The City parishes were enumerated in two Schedules. The first Schedule comprised 
St. Andrew, Holborn ; St. Botolph, Aldgate ; St. Botolph, Bishopsgate; St. Bride, Fleet 
Street; and St. Giles, Cripplegate; and the second Schedule embraced the rest The 



APPENDIX. 



391 



Charities belonging to the parishes of St. Olave Hart Street, and All Hallows Staining (with 
but a few exceptions, as shown below), came under the operation of a Scheme which was 
confirmed by an Order of Her Majesty in Council, 23rd February, 1891. 

The property was divided by the Commissioners into Ecclesiastical and General 
Charity Property, and the following is a summary of a Statement VI, 43, dated ist October, 
1887. The income was according to the finding of the Commissioners :- 

Ecclesiastical Charities : — 
St. Olave Hart Street, Income 
Allhallows Staining, „ 

General Charities : — 

St. Olave Hart Street, Income 
Bayneham (moiety of) „ 



Allhallows Staining, Income 
Bayneham (moiety of) „ 



£ 


s. 


d. 


37 • 


3 


■ 4 


116 . 


14 


. 2 


774 . 


15 


• 9 


564 • 


16 


. 


238 . 


I 


• 3 


564 ■ 


16 


. 



1.339 



II 



Total 



802 . 17 . 3 
^2,142 . 9.0 



Charities not affected by the Scheme : — 
(a) Founded since 20"" Aug., 1833. 

St. Olave. Barton (Rebecca) the poor 
Allhallows. Barker (Joseph) 
United Parishes. Church fund, maintenance 
and repair of the fabric and the Services 
(6) Specially excepted from the Scheme (Schedule I) 
St. Olave Hart Street. The Advowson. 
Allhallows Staining. Bewley (Thomas). 



3 

12 

79 



o 
10 



Holford (Lady Elizabeth). 



Ecclesiastical 
General 

Ecclesiastical 
General 



4 
4 

58 



19 . 
19 . 
6 . 8 
II . 13 . 4 

The following payments were to be made or provided in respect of persons claiming 
to have a vested interest or an equitable claim to continue to receive any emoluments enjoyed 
before the passing of the Act, 1883 : — 



Out of the Central Fund (Schedule IV) : — 
Vested Interests, Pensioners, &c., St. Olave 

Allhallows 
Equitable claims. St. Olave 

Allhallows 
Out of the City Church Fund (Schedule VI) : — ■ 
Vested Interest. The Rector 



187 
nil. 
595 
15° 

;£39 •13-4 



40 o 



392 APPENDIX. 

In any Scheme relating to parishes enumerated in the Second Schedule, the 
Commissioners were to apply ecclesiastical charity property, or any part of the income 
thereof, to ecclesiastical purposes in each parish possessed of such property, and further 
to the maintenance of the fabric and monuments of any churches within the City of London 
of architectural or historical interest, which did not already possess sufficient funds available for 
this purpose. 

Accordingly, out of the City Church Fund Capital Account (under Schedule III of 
Scheme), the sum of ;^i,2oo was to be paid for the repair and restoration of the Parish 
Church of St. Olave Hart Street, and out of the City Church Fund (Schedule VII), the 
following annual payments were to be made to the Minister and Churchwardens of the United 
Parishes of St. Olave Hart Street, and AUhallows Staining : — 

For the maintenance and occasional cleaning and repairs of 

the fabric of the Church, one-third at least to be (so far f x^ ^■ 

as practicable) accumulated for the purpose of extra- 
ordinary repairs - 

For the ordinary cleaning and repairs of the church and ^ During the incumbencyof 

the ornaments thereof, and for the maintenance of / ^^^ ^^''' ^' ^°"'^^- 

I / 74. o o 

Public Worship > "^'^ 

HI A T,r • r , . I After the expiration of 

Mary Ann Wyatt to receive out of this sum 17J. 6^. per \ ^u^h incumbency. 

annum as long as she continues Sexton ) ;^io2 o o 

From this summary it will be seen, that so far as the Ecclesiastical Charities are 
concerned, the united parishes are in a better position than they were before the passing of the 
Act, 1883, having received the sum of ;^i,2oo for the repair and restoration of the Parish 
Church, and being entitled to an annual payment of £,^0 for the maintenance of the fabric and 
monuments. The effect, however, of the Act upon the general charities of the two parishes is 
that the parishes have jointly been deprived of ^2,142 gj-, the gross income, subject to 
pensions, amounting to ;^832, or, to take the case of AUhallows by itself, this parish has lost 
charity property of the gross income of ^1,139 \\s. 9^., subject to pensions amounting 
to -^15°- The number of pensioners, poor, aged, and many of them infirm, is already greatly 
reduced, and within a few years the property will be free of these charges. The trustees of 
the charities were persuaded that the time had come for re-adjusting them, and for reducing, 
and that very largely, the amount at their disposal, but it will be a lasting regret that the 
appeal for a small portion of this property, to be retained and dispensed by the parochial 
authorities, was disregarded. 



APPENDIX. 393 



V. 



THE LONDON (CITY) TITHES ACT. 

An Act for the Commutation of Tithes in certain Parishes in the Citv of 
London ; and for other purposes. 

[Referred to on pp. 24^-8.^ 



[Royal Assent, 2jth/ufy, 1864.} 

Whereas the Incumbents of the parishes in the City of London, and the liberties 
thereof, which are named in the Schedules to this Act, are entitled to certain tithes or sums of 
money in lieu of tithes arising or growing due therein, under the provisions of an Act passed 
in the thirty-seventh year of the reign of King Henry the Eighth, intituled, "An Act for 
Tithes in London,' and of the decree made in pursuance thereof, which is printed in the 
statutes at large ; 

And whereas in some of those parishes, namely the parishes mentioned in the first 
Schedule to this Act, the parishioners in vestry assembled, and the Incumbents, with the 
approval of the Bishop of the diocese, and the consent of the patrons of the benefices, have 
agreed for the commutation of the tithes or sums aforesaid, now variable with the rental, into. 
annual fixed tithes or sums of money in lieu of tithes, to be raised and paid by rates to 
be assessed in the parishes ; 

And whereas the amounts of the annual fixed tithes, agreed on in the said last- 
mentioned parishes, appear in the first Schedule to this Act ; 

And whereas it is expedient that, with respect to the same parishes, the commutation 
aforesaid be made binding and be carried into effect ; 

And whereas it is expedient that, with respect to the parishes mentioned in the second 
Schedule to this Act, and the Parishes of Allhallows Staining, Mark Lane, and Christchurch, 
Newgate Street, power should be given to the parishioners in vestry assembled, and with such 
consents and approval as are in this Act expressed, to agree for the commutation of the tithe, 
or sums of money in lieu of tithes arising or growing due in the same parishes respectively, 
under the said Act and decree, for fixed annual tithes or sums of money in lieu of tithes ; 

eee 



394 APPENDIX. 

And whereas the objects aforesaid cannot be effected without the authority of 
Parliament ; 

May it therefore please Your Majesty, 

That it may be enacted, and Be it enacted by the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty, by 
and with the consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons in this present 
Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows : 

1. This Act may be cited as "The London (City) Tithes Act. 1864. 

2. In this Act the term " Churchwardens " means and includes the churchwardens of 
any parish, the overseers of the poor thereof, or other the persons (if any) for the time being 
authorized to make and levy, or cause to be made and levied, the rates for the relief of the 
poor of the parish, and the term " Poor Rates" means the last mentioned rates. 

3. On the passing of this Act, all tithes, and payments instead of tithes, arising or 
growing due to the Incumbents for the time being of the several parishes mentioned in the first 
Schedule to this Act, under the said Act of King Henry the Eighth, and the decree made in 

■pursuance thereof, shall, as from the twenty-fourth day of June last, cease and be extinguished, 
and the said several Incumbents shall as from that day receive the respective annual fixed 
tithes in the first Schedule specified in lieu of and by way of commutation for all such tithes 
and payments as aforesaid ; and the said parishes respectively shall pay the same, and such 
annual fixed tithes shall be raised as hereinafter mentioned, and the terms and stipulations 
in the first Schedule shall be as binding as if the same were expressly enacted in the 
body of this Act. 

4. And whereas it is expedient that the annual fixed tithes payable under this Act 
should be subject to revision, at the times and in the manner next hereinafter mentioned ; and 
whereas, for the purposes of this Act, the average prices for twenty-eight years now last past of 
an imperial bushel of British wheat, barley and oats respectively have been computed at the 
respective sums following, that is to say : wheat, six shillings and tenpence farthing ; barley, 
four shillings and one penny farthing ; oats, two shillings and ninepence halfpenny ; Therefore, 
with respect to each of the parishes mentioned in the first schedule to this Act, the following 
provisions shall take effect, namely : 

1. On the first avoidance of the benefice that happens after the expiration of a 

period of twenty-eight years from the passing of this Act, the said annual 
fixed tithes shall be revised ; 

2. On such revision the amount of the said annual fixed tithes to be paid during 

the period that will elapse until the second revision under the present 
enactment shall be ascertained as follows : namely, the total amount 
thereof shall for the purposes of computation be deemed to be divided into 
three equal parts, representing the respective values of wheat, barley, 
and oats, and those three equal parts respectively shall be increased or 
decreased according as the average prices of an imperial bushel of British 



APPENDIX. 395 

wheat, barley and oats respectively for the then immediately preceding 
period of twenty-eight years are respectively greater or less than the 
respective average prices hereinbefore specified, and proportionately to the 
difference between the average prices at such two periods respectively ; 

3. On every subsequent avoidance of the benefice, if a period of twenty-eight 

years or upwards, from the date of the then last preceding revision has then 
elapsed, but not otherwise, the said annual fixed tithes shall be again 
revised ; 

4. On every such revision as last aforesaid, the amount of the said annual fixed 

tithes to be paid during the period that will elapse until the then next 
subsequent revision, shall be ascertained as follows, namely : the total 
amount thereof shall, for the purposes of computation, be deemed to be 
divided into three equal parts, representing the respective values of wheat, 
barley and oats, and those three equal parts respectively shall be increased 
or decreased according as the average prices of an imperial bushel of 
British wheat, barley and oats respectively, for the then immediately 
preceding period of twenty-eight years, are respectively greater or less than 
the average prices of such imperial bushels respectively were at the then last 
preceding revision, and proportionately to the difference between the average 
prices at such two periods respectively ; 

5. For the purpose of every such revision as aforesaid, the requisite average prices 

of an imperial bushel of British wheat, barley and oats respectively, shall be 
ascertained by calculation from the advertisements inserted in the "London 
Gazette," in pursuance of section fifty-six of the Act of the session of the 
sixth and seventh years of King William the Fourth, " for the Commutation 
of Tithes in England and Wales." 

5. In the said several parishes mentioned in the first Schedule to this Act, the 
churchwardens shall, from time to time, by virtue of and under the authority of this Act, and 
without any resolution or other authority of or from the ratepayers or parishioners in vestry 
assembled or otherwise, and notwithstanding any resolution or direction to the contrary, make 
and levy equal and sufficient pound rates to be called tithe rates, and shall thereout pay the 
respective annual fixed tithes to the Incumbents respectively ; and other the sums requisite to 
be raised for the purposes of this Act. 

6. Those rates shall in each case be levied on the persons and in respect of the 
property by law rateable to poor rates in the parish, (except as hereinafter mentioned) and 
also on the occupiers and in respect of any other property in the parish now subject to tithe, 
and as to property rateable to poor rates, shall be assessed on the net annual value of the 
property as ascertained by the valuation or assessment for the poor rates, and as to property 
subject to tithe but not rateable to poor rates, according to its net annual value. 

EEE 2 



396 APPENDIX. 

7. Every occupier of property in any of the said parishes, which, although subject to 
the payment of poor rates, is exempt from tithes or liable only to a modus or other prescriptive 
or custonioiry payment, shall continue to be exempt or liable only to such modus or prescriptive 
or customary payment in the same manner as if this Act had not been passed, and such modus 
or the amount of such prescriptive or customary payment shall be paid to the churchwardens as 
part of the annual fixed tithes in the parish. 

8. The churchwardens in levying the tithes shall proceed in the same manner, and 
shall have the same powers, remedies and privileges, as if those rates were poor rates. 

9. The churchwardens for the respective parishes mentioned in the first schedule to 
this Act, may from time to time appoint a clerk and also a collector or collectors of the tithe 
rates to be made, as by this Act provided, taking from him or them such securities for the due 
performance of his or their duties as they, the churchwardens, shall think fit ; and the 
churchwardens shall from time to time pay such salaries and make such reasonable allowances 
to such officer or officers as the case may require ; and the churchwardens may from time to 
time remove or displace such clerk and collector or collectors whenever they shall see occasion, 
and appoint another or others in his or their stead; and the churchwardens for such 
respective parishes shall from time to time, within ten days after such rates shall have been 
made, deliver a copy thereof to the collector or collectors to be appointed under or by 
virtue of this Act. 

10. The churchwardens for such respective parishes shall cause their accounts to be 
balanced up to the thirty-first day of December in every year, and shall produce the same, with 
a full statement of all rates levied and monies received and expended by them in such year, at 
the next Easter vestry, and every such account shall be entered in the parish ledger, and may be 
inspected at all reasonable times, without payment, by every ratepayer in the parish, and a copy 
of every such account shall be delivered to every ratepayer who shall require the same, upon 
payment of one shilling for each copy. 

1 1 . The tithe rates shall be subject to the same provisions and rules of law as poor rates 
with respect to appeal against any assessment made on property «iot rateable to poor rates : 
Provided, That it shall not be necessary to obtain an allowance of the tithe rates by any 
Justice or Justices of the Peace. 

12. The excess (if any) levied by the tithe rates in any year beyond the amount requisite 
for the purposes of this Act for that year, shall be dealt with as if the same were part of the 
next succeeding tithe rate. 

13. The annual fixed tithes payable to any Incumbent under this Act shall be free and 
clear from all deductions, and exempt from all taxes, rates and assessments whatsoever, 
parliamentary, parochial, or otherwise, except property and income tax : Provided nevertheless, 
That the amount of the said annual fixed tithes, payable as aforesaid, shall, for the purpose only 
of the computation hereinafter mentioned, be included by the overseer or overseers, or by the 
assessment committee, in the valuation list of the parish in which such tithes are payable, and 



APPENDIX. 397 

shall be added to the annual rateable value of the property in such parish, in computing the 
amount of contribution to the common fund for the several parishes in the union in which such 
parish is comprised. 

14. The annual fixed tithes specified in the first Schedule to this Act shall be paid to the 
several Incumbents clear of all deductions on account of any tax, rate or assessment as 
aforesaid, by equal quarterly payments on the four usual quarterly days for payment of rents 
in every year, the first of such payments to be made on the twenty-ninth day of September, one 
thousand eight hundred and sixty-four. 

15. An outgoing Incumbent or the representatives of a deceased Incumbent shall receive 
from the succeeding Incumbent a proportionate payment for any incomplete quarter in which 
the avoidance of the living may occur, to be paid out of the first quarterly payment falling due 
after such avoidance.' 

16. In every case in which any quarterly payment of the annual fixed tithes specified in 
the first Schedule to this Act shall be in arrear in any of the parishes named in that Schedule 
for twenty-one days after such quarterly day of payment, it shall be lawful for any Justice of the 
Peace for the City of London, on application under the hand of the Incumbent of the parish, to 
summon the churchwardens to show cause before himself or any other Justice of the said City, 
why such quarterly payment has not been made ; and after hearing the matter, it shall be lawful 
for the Justice, by warrant under his hand and seal, to cause the quarterly payment in arrear, 
together with the costs occasioned by such arrear, to be levied and recovered from the church- 
wardens, or any of them, in like manner as monies assessed for the relief of the poor may be 
assessed and recovered, and the amount recovered shall be paid to the Incumbent : Provided, 
That until each quarterly payment of any of the said annual fixed tithes shall have been actually 
paid to the Incumbent of the parish, by and out of monies raised by means of such tithe rates 
as aforesaid, the tithe-payers therein shall remain liable to pay and to be assessed in such tithe 
rates as aforesaid, in order to the raising of funds for the purpose, and that whether or no the 
Incumbent shall have made application to a Justice for such warrant as aforesaid. 

17. With respect to the several parishes mentioned in the second Schedule to this Act, 
it shall be lawful for the parishioners of any of the same parishes assembled in vestry, of which 
vestry and of the special object thereof notice shall have been given in the accustomed manner, 
to agree with the Incumbent for the commutation of the tithes, or sums of money instead of 
tithes, arising or growing due therein, under the provisions of the said Act of King Henry the 
Eighth, and decree, into an annual fixed tithe or sum to be paid by the parishes respectively, 
and to be raised by tithe rates to be assessed therein ; and if the Bishop of London and the 
patrons of the benefice respectively shall approve of any such agreement, and notice shall be 
given of such agreement and approval in the "London Gazette," such agreement shall thereupon 
be binding on the Incumbent and parishioners of the parish and on the patrons of the benefice, 
and the tithes and sums of money in lieu of tithes in the parish shall cease and be extinguished 
on and from the quarter day preceding the date of such advertisement, and the Incumbent shall 
receive the annual fixed tithe mentioned in the agreement, in lieu of and in commutation for 



398 APPENDIX. 

tithes or sums payable in lieu of tithes ; and the first payment thereof shall be made on the 
quarter day next succeeding the advertisement, and the provisions of this Act shall apply thereto 
in such and the same manner as if the parish had been comprised in the first Schedule 
to this Act. 

1 8. With respect to the parish of Allhallows Staining, Mark Lane, it shall be lawful for 
the parishioners of the said parish assembled in vestry, of which and of the special object 
thereof notice shall have been given in the accustomed manner, to agree with the Incumbent for 
the commutation of the tithes, or sums of money instead of tithes, arising or growing due 
therein under the provisions of the said Act of King Henry the Eighth, and decree, into an 
annual fixed tithe or sum to be paid by the said parish, and to be raised by tithe rates to be 
assessed therein ; and if the Wardens and Commonalty of the Mystery of Grocers of the City 
of London (the lay impropriators and patrons of the benefice) shall approve of such agreement, 
and notice of such agreement and approval shall be given in the " London Gazette,'' such 
agreement shall thereupon be binding on the patrons, Incumbent and parishioners of the said 
parish, and the tithes, and sums of money in lieu of tithes, in the said parish shall cease and be 
extinguished on and from the quarterly day of payment next preceding the date of such 
advertisement, and the said patrons, or their nominee, shall receive the annual fixed tithe 
mentioned in the agreement in lieu of and in commutation for the tithes, or sums payable in 
lieu of tithes, and the first payment thereof shall be made on the quarter day next succeeding 
the advertisement, and the provisions of this Act shall apply thereto in such and the same 
manner as if the said parish had been comprised in the first Schedule to this Act. 

19. With respect to the parish of Christ Church, Newgate Street, it shall be lawful for 
the parishioners of the said parish assembled in vestry, of which and of the special object 
thereof notice shall have been given in the accustomed manner, to agree with the lay 
impropriators of the tithes of the said parish for the commutation of the said tithes, or sums of 
money instead of tithes, arising or growing due therein, under the provisions of the said Act 
and decree, into an annual fixed tithe or sum to be paid by the said parish, and to be raised by 
tithe rates to be assessed therein ; and if notice of such agreement shall be given in the 
" London Gazette," such agreement shall thereupon be binding on the said lay impropriators 
and parishioners of the said parish, and the tithes and sums of money in lieu of tithes in the 
said parish shall cease and be extinguished on and from the quarterly day of payment next 
preceding the date of such advertisement, and the said impropriators shall receive the annual 
fixed tithe mentioned in the agreement, in lieu of and in commutation for the tithes or sums 
payable in lieu of tithes, and the first payment thereof shall be made on the quarter day next 
succeeding the advertisement, and the provisions of this Act shall apply thereto in such and the 
same manner as if the said parish had been comprised in the first Schedule to this Act. 

20. Nothing in this Act contained shall prejudice or affect the right of any Incumbent 
of any parish in the first Schedule hereto to any tithe or sum in lieu thereof, under the said 
Act and decree, which shall have become due before or on the said twenty-fourth day of June 
last, or as to the Incumbent of Allhallows Staining, Mark Lane, and the said Wardens and 



APPENDIX. 399 

Commonalty of the Mystery of Grocers, or as to the lay impropriators of the tithes of the 
parish of Christchurch, Newgate Street, and the parishes in the second Schedule hereto, before 
or on the quarterly day of payment next preceding the advertising of any such agreement and 
approval as aforesaid. 

21. Nothing herein contained shall repeal or alter any of the Acts relating to the London 
and Blackwall Railway Company, or affect their liability to the payment for or in respect of 
tithes under the provisions of those Acts ; and all monies from time to time payable by that 
Company for or in respect of tithes in any or either of the parishes mentioned in the first 
Schedule to this Act, shall be paid to and received by the churchwardens or their collector, and 
shall be applied in part payment of the fixed tithes or sums of money in lieu of tithes hereby 
provided to be raised in such parish or parishes. 

22. The amount of the costs, charges and expenses of, and incidental to, the applying 
for and passing of this Act, shall be ascertained, in the event of difference, by the Taxing 
Officer of the House of Commons, and the same (together with the amount of the costs, 
charges and expenses attending such ascertainment) shall be and is hereby charged on the 
several parishes mentioned in the first Schedule to this Act in equal shares, and shall be paid by 
the churchwardens out of the money levied therein respectively by tithe rates, made after the 
passing of this Act, and the churchwardens shall levy the money requisite for that purpose by 
tithe rates accordingly : Provided always. That if in any parish mentioned in the second 
Schedule to this Act, or in the parishes of Allhallows Staining, Mark Lane, or Christ Church, 
Newgate Street, respectively, an agreement shall be made and advertised under the provisions 
hereinbefore contained, the churchwardens of such parish shall forthwith pay to the church- 
wardens of the parishes mentioned in the first Schedule to this Act, to be divided between them 
and dealt with as if the same were tithe rates, one-eleventh part of the costs so to be ascertained 
out of the money to be levied by tithe rates, made after the advertisement of any such 
agreement, and approval as aforesaid, and the churchwardens of such parish shall levy the 
money required for that purpose by tithe rates accordingly. 

THE FIRST SCHEDULE. 
I. — Saint Andrew Undershaft. 
There shall be paid to the present Rector and to his successors Rectors for the time 
being respectively, the fixed tithe of two thousand five hundred pounds a-year. 

II. — Saint Katherine, Coleman. 

1. There shall be paid to the present Rector, and to his successors Rectors for the 
time being respectively, the fixed tithe of one thousand five hundred and fifty pounds a-year. 

2. For the first period of ten years during which the said fixed tithe is payable, the 
sum of eight hundred pounds a-year, part thereof shall be payable by and shall be assessed 
and levied on the East and West India Dock Company or their assigns exclusively, in respect 
of the property now occupied by the Company in the parish, and the residue thereof shall be 



400 APPENDIX. 

payable by and assessed and levied on the persons or bodies other than that Company for the 

time being liable to the payment of the said sum of one thousand five hundred and fifty 

pounds a-year ; but after the expiration of the said period of ten years, the said Company or 

their assigns shall be chargeable only with their proportion of an equal pound rate with other 

parishioners. 

III. — Saint Olave, Hart Street. 

There shall be paid to the present Rector, and to his successors Rectors for the time 
being respectively, the fixed tithe of two thousand six hundred pounds a-year, of which the 
sum of six hundred pounds a-year is to be applied for church endowment, when a scheme shall 
have been agreed on by the trustees of the advowson and the Incumbent, with the approval of 
the Bishop, and confirmed by an order of Her Majesty in Council. 

IV. — Allhallows, London Wall. 

There shall be paid to the present Rector and to his successors Rectors for the time 
being respectively, the fixed tithe of one thousand seven hundred pounds a-year. 

V. — Allhallows Barking. 

There shall be paid to the present Vicar and to his successors Vicars for the time being 
respectively, the fixed tithe of two thousand pounds a-year. 

VI. — Saint Ethelburga. 

There shall be paid to the present Rector and to his successors Rectors for the time 
being respectively, the fixed tithe of nine hundred and fifty pounds a-year. 

THE SECOND SCHEDULE. 

1. Saint Alphage, I>ondon Wall. 

2. Saint Martin Outwich, Threadneedle Street. 

3. Saint Peter-le-Poor, Broad Street. 



THE UNION OF THE BENEFICES OF ALLHALLOWS STAINING AND 
ST. OLAVE HART STREET. 

\See pp. 240-1. '[ 

At the Court at Windsor, the 31st day of March, 1870. Present : The Queen's Most E.xcellent 
Majesty in Council. 

Whereas the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England, have, in pursuance of the Act 
of the twenty-third and twenty-fourth years of Her Majesty, chapter one hundred and forty-two, 
and of an Act of the thirty-second and thirty-third years of Her Majesty, being the " Lady 
Slaney's (Trust) Estate Act, 1869," duly prepared and certified to and laid before Her Majesty 



APPENDIX. 401 

in Council a scheme, bearing date the seventeenth day of March, in the year one thousand 
eight hundred and seventy, in the words and figures following ; that is to say : 

"We, the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England, acting in pursuance of the Act of 
the twenty-third and twenty-fourth years of your Majesty, chapter one hundred and forty-two, 
and of an Act of the thirty-second and thirty-third years of your Majesty, being the ' Lady 
Slaney's (Trust) Estate Act, 1869,' have prepared and now humbly lay before your Majesty in 
Council, the following scheme for uniting the following contiguous benefices in the city and 
diocese of London, namely, the benefice (being a perpetual curacy) of Allhallows Staining, 
otherwise Allhallows Steyning, and the benefice (being a rectory) of Saint Olave Hart Street, 
that is to say : 

" Scheme for effecting the union of the following contiguous benefices in the city and 
diocese of London, namely, the perpetual curacy of Allhallows Staining and the rectory of 
Saint Olave Hart Street. 

" In this scheme the expression ' the Bishop ' means the Lord Bishop of London for the 
time being ; the expression ' the Commissioners ' means the Ecclesiastical Commissioners 
for England ; the expression ' the Grocers Company ' means the Wardens and Commonalty of 
the Mystery of Grocers of the city of London ; the expression ' the tithes of Allhallows ' means 
the annual fixed tithes or sums of money in lieu of tithes (subject to periodical revision). The 
tithes of the parish of Allhallows Staining have been commuted under ' The London (City) 
Tithes Act, 1864.' 

"Statement concerning the Population, Endowment, Church Accommodation and 
Patronage, and as to the Incumbents of the said Benefices. 

Population. 
Allhallows Staining 358 

Saint Olave Hart Street 757 

1,115 
Endowments. 
" The tithes of Allhallows Staining have been commuted under the provisions of ' The 
London (City) Tithes Act, 1864,' at ;^i,6oo a year (subject to periodical revision), and belong 
to the Grocers Company (as impropriators) under the trust of Lady Slaney's will ; and under 
the conditions of the said trust the incumbent of the benefice would be entitled to them in the 
event of the Company making an appointment to the vacant living. 

"The incumbent of Allhallows is entitled to receive from the Trinity House under 
the provisions of an Act of Parliament 39 ' George III, 1797, the following sums : — 
Lady Holford's Gift ;^46 13 4 a-year. 

'Bewley's Gift - 4 19 2 „ 

p^5i 12 6 



'An error for 37 George III, which however refers cap. 83 excUisively to Lady Holford's Gift. 
"Bewley's Gift was an earlier benefaction, and is described, p. 388. 

FFF 



402 APPENDIX. 

Under the provisions of the same Act the parish clerk of Allhallows is paid £,1 a-year, and the 
sexton of Allhallows ;^4 \'^s. 4^. a-year. 

" The tithes of Saint Olave Hart Street have been commuted at ^2,600 a-year, subject 
to periodical revision, under the provisions of 'The London (City) Tithes Act, 1864,' subject 
to the sum of ';^6oo ayear being applied for church endowment when a scheme shall have 
been agreed on by the trustees of the advowson and by the incumbent, with the approval of 
the bishop, and confirmed by an Order of Her Majesty in Council.' 

" There is a Thursday evening lectureship endowed with £20 a-year, which the rector of 
Saint Olave has the option of holding. 

Parish Churches. 

" There is a church belonging to the parish of Allhallows Staining, capable of 
accommodating 300 persons. 

"There is a church belonging to the parish of Saint Olave Hart Street, capable of 
accommodating the like number. By an alteration in the seats of Saint Olave's church a larger 
number could be accommodated. 

" There is a parish clerk of Saint Olave (appointed by the rector), who has no salary, but 
receives a gratuity voted by the vestry of about jQi<^ a-year. 

" There is a sexton of Saint Olave's appointed annually by the vestry at a salary of 
£l\ a-year. 

Patronage. 
" The patrons of Allhallows Staining are the Grocers Company, as trustees of the will of 
Dame Margaret Slaney, deceased. 

" The patrons of Saint Olave Hart Street are the trustees of the advowson. The names 
and addresses of the present trustees are : — 

Joseph Turnley, 12, Cooper's-row, 
Henry Johnson, 39, Crutched-friars, 
Richard Williams, 8, Laura-place, Clapton, 
Thomas Williamson, 1 2, Savage-gardens, 
George Young, 17, Trinity-square, Tower-hill. 

Incumbents. 

" The benefice of Allhallows Staining is now vacant by the death of the Reverend 
Francis John Stainforth, the last incumbent thereof. He used to reside on his benefice. 

" The rector of Saint Olave Hart Street is the Reverend Alfred Povah, who resides on 
his benefice in the rectory house, which is adjacent to Saint Olave's Church. 

Terms of proposed Union. 
"That the said betiefices of Allhallows Staining and Saint Olave Hart Street, be 
united into one benefice, under the style of the United Rectory of Saint Olave Hart Street 
and Allhallows Staining. 



APPENDIX. 403 

" That inasmuch as the Reverend Alfred Povah, who is the present incumbent of the 
benefice of Saint Olave Hart Street, has signified his willingness to become the incumbent of 
the united benefice, the union shall take effect immediately after the scheme shall be confirmed 
by an Order in Council, provided the said Alfred Povah be at that time incumbent of the 
benefice of Saint Olave Hart Street, and the benefice of Allhallows. Staining shall be vacant, in 
which case he shall be the first incumbent of the united benefice ; but if any other person shall 
be at that time incumbent of the benefice of Saint Olave Hart Street, then, if the benefice of 
Allhallows Staining shall be still vacant, the union shall take effect upon the next vacancy of the 
benefice of Saint Olave Hart Street, unless the incumbent of such benefice shall consent to 
become the incumbent of the united benefice, in which case the union shall forthwith take 
effect, and he shall be the first incumbent of the united benefice ; but if at the time when the 
scheme shall be so confirmed both of the said present benefices shall be full, then the union 
shall take effect upon the next vacancy of either of them, if the incumbent for the time being of 
the other of the said present benefices shall consent to become the incumbent of the united 
benefice, and he shall be the first incumbent of the united benefice, but if he shall not so 
consent then the union shall take effect immediately upon the next vacancy of his benefice, and 
the then incumbent of the other of the said present benefices shall be the first incumbent of the 
united benefice ; and in any case it shall be lawful for the bishop to admit to the united 
benefice such first incumbent (if an incumbent for the time being of either of the existing 
benefices) without any form or fee of presentation, and he shall thereupon become the 
incumbent of the united benefice. Until the time of the union taking effect the existing 
incumbencies shall remain separate, and the rights and liabilities in respect thereof shall 
remain unaffected. 

As respects the Church of the United Benefice : 

"That upon the union taking effect, the church of Saint Olave Hart Street shall become 
and thereafter continue to be the parish church of the united benefice, and that the inhabitants 
of the two parishes shall have the joint use of it, with the vestry-room, plate and furniture thereof. 

" That upon the union taking effect, the font, communion table, and sacramental plate, 
and the stained glass windows, organ, bells, clock, and pulpit respectively belonging to the 
church of Allhallows Staining, shall be appropriated for the use of all or any of the new churches, 
the patronage of which may be vested in the Grocers Company, in substitution for the patronage 
of the benefice of Allhallows Staining, as the bishop shall select, and may be transferred to 
such new churches or church accordingly. 

" That upon the union taking effect, if the tables of fees used in the two churches be 
alike in all particulars the table of fees used in the church which will become the church of the 
united benefice shall (until revised or altered by proper authority) be the table of fees for the 
united benefice ; but if such tables of fees be not alike in all particulars, the same shall be of no 
authority, and a new table of fees shall be made by the proper authority for the use of the united 
parishes as if the same were one parish. 

FFF 2 



404 APPENDIX. 

" That upon the union taking effect, the persons who at that time shall hold the offices of 
parish clerk of the parish of AUhallows Staining and parish clerk of the parish of Saint Olave 
Hart Street shall, without any further appointment, become the joint parish clerks of the united 
benefice ; and the persons who, at the time of the union taking effect, shall hold the offices of 
sexton of the parish of AUhallows Staining and sexton of the parish of Saint Olave Hart Street 
shall without any further appointment become the joint sextons of the united benefice ; and 
upon the death, retirement or removal of either of the joint parish clerks, the other of them shall 
become the parish clerk of the united benefice ; and upon the death, retirement or removal of 
either of the joint sextons, the other of them shall become the sexton of the united benefice ; 
and the parish clerk of the united benefice shall afterwards upon any vacancy in that office be 
appointed by the incumbent of the united benefice, and any future vacancy in the office of 
sexton shall be filled up by the joint vestry of the two united parishes. 

" That upon the union taking effect the persons who at that time shall respectively hold 
the offices of clerk and sexton of the parishes of AUhallows Staining and Saint Olave Hart 
Street, and who shall become such joint clerks and sextons of the united benefice shall 
respectively cease to hold the office of clerk and sexton respectively of such last-mentioned 
parishes ; and the clerks shall so long as they shall be such joint clerks of the united benefice 
receive their present emoluments and from the same sources, and in like manner the sextons so 
long as they shall be such joint sextons of the united benefices shall receive their present 
emoluments and from the same sources, subject to the performance by such clerk and sexton 
respectively of such duties appertaining to the offices of clerk and sexton respectively in the 
parish church of the united benefices, or otherwise connected with such parish, and the 
performance of the services therein, as the rector and churchwardens may from time to time 
require ; but no parish clerk or sexton of the united benefice shall have any larger estate or 
interest in his office than he shall have possessed in his original office before the union ; the 
salaries of the clerk and sexton of the united benefice shall be paid as between the two parishes 
in proportion to the rateable annual value of the property as assessed for the time being for the 
purpose of the consolidated or police rate. 

As respects the Residence of the Incumbent : 

" That the rectory house of Saint Olave Hart Street be the residence of the incumbent 
of the united benefice. 

As respects the Endowments : 

" That upon the union taking effect, all the properties constituting the endowments of 
the respective benefices of AUhallows Staining and Saint Olave Hart Street (except the tithes of 
AUhallows) be transferred and annexed to the united benefice as the endowment thereof. 

As to the Patronage of the United Benefice ; 

"That the sole patronage of the united benefice be vested in the trustees of the 
advowson of Saint Olave Hart Street by way of substitution for the advowson of Saint Olave 
Hart Street, and shall be so vested in them upon the same trusts and subject to the same 
provisions as affect the advowson of Saint Olave Hart Street. 



APPENDIX. 405 

As respects the disused Church and the Curate's Residence and the Patronage to be 
vested in the Grocers Company in substitution for the Patronage of the Benefice 
of Allhallows Staining, and as regards the Tithes of Allhallows : 
" That upon the union taking effect the site of the existing church of Allhallows Staining 
and of the curate's residence, be sold by the Commissioners to the Master, Wardens and 
Commonalty of Freemen of the Art or Mystery of Clothworkers in the City of London (herein 
called the Clothworkers Company) for a sum to be previously agreed upon and specified in the 
scheme, or for a sum to be afterwards determined by the surveyor for the time being 
of the Commissioners, the surveyor for the time being of the Grocers Company, and the 
surveyor for the time being of the Clothworkers Company (or in case such surveyors shall 
be unable to agree upon a sum, then for such a sum as shall be determined by an umpire to be 
appointed by them) ; The site of the church of Allhallows Staining and the site of the curate's 
residence adjoining the same and the yard and ground belonging to such residence, including 
the passage or entrance thereto from Mark Lane, and including the curate's house and the 
materials thereof, be sold by the Commissioners, and that the Commissioners shall convey to 
the Clothworkers Company in fee simple (but subject as hereinafter is mentioned) the heredita- 
ments to be so sold, and that in making such valuation regard shall be had to the obligations, 
subject to which the sale is hereinafter proposed to be made. 

" That the sale to be so made shall not include the materials of the Church of 
Allhallows Staining, or the font, communion table, plate, stained glass windows, organ, bells, 
clock, pulpit, or other fittings or furniture of the church, and that the Commissioners shall have 
power to sell the same (except the font, communion table, plate, stained glass windows, organ, 
bells, clock, and pulpit) and to cause the property sold to be pulled down and removed by the 
purchasers, or to remove without selling the same all or any of the property not included in the 
sale to the Clothworkers Company and capable of being removed, and that the sale to the 
Clothworkers Company be made subject to the following obligations on the part of the 
Clothworkers Company, their successors and assigns, viz. : — 

" First. An obligation to throw open and dedicate to the public use a sufficient 
portion of the site of the church under or adjacent to the east wall of the 
church to widen the foot pavement of Mark-lane, so that the line to form 
the west side of such foot pavement (to the extent of the frontage of the site 
of the church thereon) shall be a straight line drawn from the point at which 
the wall forming the north side of the church now meets the foot pavement 
of Mark-lane (at the extreme north-east point of such wall) to the point now 
forming the extreme north-east corner of the passage leading from Mark-lane 
to the curate's residence. 
" Secondly. An obligation not to pull down or remove the tower of the Church of 
Allhallows Staining, but at the expense of the Clothworkers Company, their 
successors or assigns, to maintain and keep such tower at all times in repair, 
as a memorial of the original dedication and use of the site of the church. 



4o6 APPENDIX. 

" Thirdly. An obligation not to build or to allow any building to be erected on 
any part of the land forming the site of the Church of Allhallows Staining 
(other than the tower which is to be so maintained and kept in repair), except 
upon the portion fronting upon Mark-lane, which will lie between Mark-lane 
and a straight line connecting the two following points, namely, a point in 
the north side or boundary of the site distant twenty-nine feet from the 
northernmost point of the piece of land which is to be thrown into the foot 
pavement of Mark-lane as aforesaid, and a point in the south side or 
boundary of the site distant thirty-one feet from the southernmost point of 
the last-mentioned piece of land. 

" Fourthly. An obligation to fence in the churchyard of Allhallows Staining at the 
cost of the Clothworkers Company, their successors or assigns, with a 
substantial ornamental iron railing, and at the like cost to plant in an 
ornamental manner and preserve at all times in good order so planted the 
churchyard and the portion which is to remain unbuilt upon, as before is 
mentioned, of the site of the body of the church as an open space. 

" Fifthly. An obligation to pay to the Commissioners the costs and expenses of 
removing the bodies interred in the vault of the church of Allhallows 
Staining known as the rector's vault to a vault to be formed under some 
portion of such last mentioned intended open space, which bodies shall be 
so removed accordingly. And an obligation to provide, form, and build 
such vault at the cost of the Clothworkers Company, their successors or 
assigns, and that after such removal the vaults under the last-mentioned 
intended open space shall be finally closed, and shall not afterwards be 
disturbed. 

"Before the sale of the site of the church if it shall be known that any bodies are 
interred under such site the remains shall be decently removed and interred in the churchyard 
of Allhallows Staining or under some portion of the site (which is not to be built upon as 
aforesaid) of the church of AlUiallows Staining, such removal and interment to be made by the 
Commissioners at the cost of the Clothworkers Company. 

"That the proceeds of such sale or sales and the tithes of Allhallows be respectively 
applied and dealt with in such manner and- subject to such provisions as shall be respectively 
indicated and contained in an Act of Parliament, a Bill for which has been introduced into 
Parliament and is now in progress, called or intended to be called 'Lady Slaney's (Trust) 
Estate Act, 1869,' (if that Act shall be passed), and that the several provisions to be contained 
in such Act be considered as part of the scheme. 

"We, the said Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England, certify to your Majesty in 
Council that the proposals for this scheme have been consented to by the Bishop, the Grocers 
Company, the Trustees of St. Olave Hart Street, and the Vestries of the parishes of Allhallows 



APPENDIX. 407 

Staining, and St. Olave Hart Street, and that the same scheme is in pursuance of ' Lady 
Slaney's (Trust) Estate Act, 1869,' and does not contain any alteration in or variation from the 
proposals set forth in the schedule to the said Act." 

And whereas the said scheme has been approved by Her Majesty in Council, now, 
therefore, Her Majesty, by and with the advice of Her said Council, is pleased hereby to ratify 
the said scheme, and to order and direct that the union thereby contemplated shall take effect 
in the manner thereby provided. 

Arthur Helps. 



THE LONDON (CITY) TITHES ACT, 1864. SCHEDULE I. SAINT OLAVE, 
HART STREET. SCHEME FOR CHURCH ENDOWMENT. 

{_See p. 241.) 

At the Court at Windsor, the 22nd day of April, 1872. Present: The Queen's Most Excellent 
Majesty in Council. 

Where.as by an Act of the twenty-seventh and twenty-eighth years of Her Majesty, 

chapter two hundred and sixty-eight, intituled " The London City Tithes Act, 1864," it is 

(amongst other things) provided that on the passing of the said Act, all tithes and payments 

instead of tithes arising or growing due to the Incumbents for the time being of the several 

parishes mentioned in the first schedule to that Act, under the Act of King Henry the Eighth 

and the Decree made in pursuance thereof, in the Act now in recital referred to, should, as from 

the twenty-fourth day of June then last, cease and be extinguished, and the said several 

Incumbents should, as from that day receive the respective annual fixed tithes in the first 

schedule specified, in lieu of, and by way of commutation for, all such tithes and payments as 

aforesaid, and the said parishes respectively should pay the same, and such annual fixed tithes 

should be raised as theremafter mentioned, and the terms and stipulations in the first schedule 

should be as binding as if the same were expressly enacted in the body of the Act now in 

recital ; and whereas the first schedule to the Act now in recital contains, among others, the 

following clause : 

III. Saint Olave, Hart Street. 

" There shall be paid to the present rector and to his successors, rectors for the time 
being respectively, the fixed tithe of two thousand six hundred pounds a year, of which the sum 
of six hundred pounds a year is to be applied for Church Endowment, when a scheme shall have 
been agreed on by the Trustees of the Advowson and the Incumbent, with the approval of the 
Bishop, and confirmed by an Order of Her Majesty in Council." 

" And whereas, by an Order of Her Majesty in Council, bearing date the thirty-first day 
of March, one thousand eight hundred and seventy, made under the authority of an Act of the 
twenty-third and twenty-fourth years of Her Majesty, chapter one hundred and forty-two, and of 
an Act of the thirty-second and thirty-third years of Her Majesty, being ' The Lady Slaney's 
(Trust) Estate Act, 1869,' the perpetual curacy of All Hallows Staining, in the City of London, 



4o8 APPENDIX. 

and the said rectory of St. Olave, Hart Street, were united into one benefice under the style of 
the United Rectory of Saint Olave, Hart Street, and All Hallows Staining, and by virtue of the 
same Order in Council, the Reverend Alfred Povah, who was then the incumbent of the said 
benefice of Saint Olave, Hart Street, became incumbent of such united benefice, and the sole 
patronage of such united benefice became vested in the trustees of the advowson of St. Olave, 
Hart Street, and such patronage was declared to be vested in them upon the same trusts, and 
subject to the same provisions as affected the advowson of Saint Olave, Hart Street : And 
whereas, by a scheme, bearing date the twentieth day of March, one thousand eight hundred 
and seventy-two, under the hands of Thomas Williamson, William Hughes, John Wright, William 
James Johnson, and Samuel Henry Rawley, trustees of the advowson of the said united rectory 
of Saint Olave Hart Street, and All Hallows Staining, and the said Alfred Povah, the rector of 
the said united rectory, and the Lord Bishop of London, after reciting that in contemplation of 
the scheme thereinafter mentioned or referred to, it had been agreed between the said Thomas 
Williamson, William Hughes, John Wright, William James Johnson, and Samuel Henry Rawley, 
the trustees of the advowson of the said united rectory of Saint Olave, Hart Street, and All 
Hallows Staining, and the said Alfred Povah, the rector of the said united rectory, with the 
approval and consent of the said Bishop of London, as follows, that was to say : 

1. The Reverend Alfred Povah, rector of the united rectory of Saint Olave, Hart Street, 
and All Hallows Staining, should from his own resources or by means of moneys under his own 
control, erect upon a site which had been provided for the purpose by the Bishop of London's 
Fund, situate and being in the parish of All Saints, Mile End New Town, in the County of 
Middlesex and diocese of London, and which site was intended to be conveyed at the expense 
of the fund to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, a church capable of accommodating not less 
than five hundred persons. 

2. The said church should be erected according to designs and elevations to be approved 
of by the Bishop of London for the time being. 

3. On the consecration of the said church, a district should be assigned thereto, 
comprising a population of not less than five thousand persons, nor exceeding six thousand 
persons. 

4. The right of presentation to the said church for the first turn after the consecration 
thereof, should belong to the said Alfred Povah, his executors, administrators, and assigns, and 
the right of presentation to the same on every vacancy which should occur within ten years next 
after such consecration, should belong to the said Alfred Povah, provided he should so long 
continue to be rector of the said united rectory, and subject to the rights of patronage so secured 
to the said Alfred Povah, the patronage of the same church should be vested in and belong to 
the trustees for the time being of the advowson of the said united rectory of Saint Olave, Hart 
Street, and All Hallows Staining, for ever. 

5. The patronage should be declared accordingly by means of an agreement to be entered 
into by the Bishop of London, as ordinary and patron, and the Reverend William Clements, 
as incumbent of the new vicarage of All Saints, Mile End New Town aforesaid, but which 



APPENDIX. 409 

name of William Clements was written by mistake for Alfred Povah. It is certified by the said 
Thomas Williamson, William Hughes, John Wright, William James Johnson, and Samuel Henry 
Rawley, trustees as aforesaid, and the said Alfred Povah, rector as aforesaid, that, in pursuance 
of the provision in that behalf of the said Act of the twenty-seventh and twenty-eighth years of 
Her Majesty, they had agreed on, and it is certified by the said Lord Bishop of London that he 
approved of, the following scheme for the application of the annual sum of six hundred pounds, 
which, by "The London (City) Tithes Act, 1864," was to be applied for church endowment, 
Such scheme was as follows ; that is to say : — 

Such intended new church shall, upon the consecration thereof, be and become ipso 
facto endowed with the annual sum of six hundred pounds, part of the fixed tithe of two 
thousand six hundred pounds a-year, secured by "The London (City) Tithes Act, 1864," to 
the Rector of Saint Olave, Hart Street, and the same annual sum of six hundred pounds shall 
be a charge upon the said annual tithe of two thousand six hundred pounds, and shall be paid 
by the rector for the time being of the said rectory of Saint Olave, Hart Street, and All Hallows 
Staining, to the incumbent for the time being of the church which shall be so endowed with the 
same, by equal quarterly payments, on the four usual quarterly days for payment of rents in 
every year, the first of such quarterly payments to be made on the quarter day next following 
the consecration of the said church. 

And whereas the said scheme has been approved by Her Majesty in Council, now, 
therefore, Her Majesty, by and with the advice of Her said Council, is pleased to confirm 
the said scheme. Arthur Helps. 



SCHEME OF THE CHARITY COMMISSIONERS REGULATING THE TRUST 

OF THE ADVOWSONS, 1879. 

County : Middlesex, City of London. 

Charities. — The Advowson, or Right of Presentation to the 

United Rectory of St. Olave Hart Street and Allhallows 

Staining, and to the Church of St. Olave, Mile End New 

Town, in the County of Middlesex. {^See p. 240-1]. 

CHARITY COMMISSION. 
In the matter of the Charities called or known respectively as " The Advowson, or 
Right of Presentation to the United Rectory of St. Olave Hart Street and 
Allhallows Staining, in the City of London," and of the Advowson, or 
Right of Presentation to the Church of St. Olave, Mile End New Town, in 
the County of Middlesex, and 
In the matter of "The Charitable Trusts Acts, 1853 to 1869." 
Whereas an application in writing was made to The Board of Charity Commissioners 
for England and Wales on the 14th day of January, 1878, in the matter of the above mentioned 
Charities, by Messrs. John Wright, of No. 50, Crutched Friars, in the City of London, 

GGG 



410 APPENDIX. 

Licensed Victualler; Samuel Henry Rawley, of No. 2, Hart Street, in the said City of 
London, Tailor; William James Johnston, of No. 10, Hart Street aforesaid. Confectioner; 
and Wiliam Hughes, of Enfield, in the above-mentioned County of Middlesex, Gentleman 
who were then the Trustees of the said Charities. 

And whereas it is desirable that a Scheme should be established for the future 
regulation of the said Charities in manner hereinafter mentioned. 

And whereas notice of the intention of the said Board to make an Order for the 
foregoing object has been published by the affixing of the same according to the direction of 
the said Board, to or near principal outer doors of the Parish Churches of St. Olave Hart 
Street and St. Olave, Mile End New Town respectively, on the 20th day of February, 1879, 
and by advertisement in the "Times," newspaper, on the 22nd day of February, 1879, being 
in each case more than one calendar month previously to the date hereof. 

Now the said Board do hereby Order, that the Scheme set forth in the schedule hereto 
be approved and established as the Scheme for the future regulation of the said Charities. 

SCHEDULE. 
Scheme for the Management and Regulation of the above-mentioned Charities : — ■ 

1. The Charities shall be administered and managed by the Trustees hereafter 
mentioned, subject to and in conformity with the provisions of this Scheme. 

2. The Trustees of the Charities shall consist of nine competent persons, of full age, 
able and wiUing to discharge the duties of the Trust, being male resident inhabitants, or 
owners, or occupiers of property in the parish of St. Olave Hart Street, assessed to the 
parochial rates, and actually paying the rates at which they shall be assessed, and who, if 
personally entitled to a right of presentation to an ecclesiastical benefice, would be legally 
capable of exercising such right. 

3. As soon as conveniently may be after the establishment of this Scheme, five 
competent persons, qualified as aforesaid, shall be elected as Trustees of the Charities in 
addition to Messrs. John Wright, of 50, Crutched Friars, in the City of London, Licensed 
Victualler ; Samuel Henry Rawley, of 2, Hart Street, in the said City of London, Tailor ; 
William James Johnston, of 10, Hart Street aforesaid. Confectioner; and William Hughes, of 
Enfield, in the County of Middlesex, Gentleman, the four present surviving and continuing 
Trustees of the said Charities. Such elections shall be made in the same manner as is 
prescribed in the next clause of this Scheme, with reference to the election from time to time 
of new Trustees of the Charities. 

4. Any Trustee of the Charities who shall become bankrupt, or incapacitated to act, 
or shall compound with or make an assignment of his estate and effects for the benefit of his 
creditors, or shall cease to be a resident, inhabitant, or owner or occupier of property in the 
aforesaid parish of St. Olave Hart Street, or such a ratepayer as aforesaid, or who, if personally 
entitled to a right of presentation to an ecclesiastical benefice shall become legally incapable of 



APPENDIX. 411 

exercising such right, shall immediately cease to be a Trustee, and the Trustees shall cause a 
record of the fact to be entered in their books, and thereupon, or upon the death or resignation 
of any Trustee a new Trustee, qualiiied as aforesaid, shall be elected as soon as conveniently 
may be, at a Vestry Meeting of the aforesaid parish of Saint Olave Hart Street, to be summoned 
and the proceedings and votes thereat to be conducted and taken in conformity with the 
ordinary rules of law applicable to vestry meetings of the same parish. 

Provided nevertheless, that until any vacancy or vacancies amongst the Trustees shall 
be filled up, the surviving and continuing Trustees for the time being shall have full power to 
acf for all purposes in the administration of the Charities. 

5. The Trustees shall hold meetings in some convenient place within the aforesaid 
Parish of St. Olave Hart Street as often as may be found necessary for the management of the 
Charities, at times to be appointed by themselves. 

6. At every meeting the senior Trustee present, according to the date or order of his 
appointment, shall be Chairman of the Trustees, and shall preside at such meeting. 

7. Seven Trustees shall form a quorum at any meeting. 

8. Any two Trustees rnay summon a special meeting, giving ten days' previous notice 
in writing to the other Trustees and specifying in such notice the object of such meeting. 

9. All matters and questions shall be determined by the majority of the Trustees 
present at any meeting, and in case of equality of votes the Chairman shall have a second or 
casting vote. 

10. In case of the non-attendance of a sufficient number of Trustees to form a 
quorum at any meeting, or of the business at any meeting not being fully completed, the 
Trustees present may adjourn the meeting to a subsequent day, of which a notice in writing 
shall be given to each of the other Trustees. 

II. A minute book shall be provided by the Trustees, and kept in some convenient and 
secure place of deposit to be provided or appointed by them for that purpose, and minutes 
of the entry into office, or the election of every new Trustee, and of all proceedings of the 
Trustees, shall be entered in such minute book, and signed by the Chairman of the meeting 
at which the proceedings shall have taken place, either at the conclusion of the meeting or at a 
future meeting. 

12. A copy of this Scheme shall be kept with the books and other documents 
belonging to the Charities, and every parishioner and other person interested in the Charities 
shall be at liberty to take copies of the Scheme, or any part thereof, upon making application 
for that purpose to the Trustees, at such reasonable times, and subject to such reasonable 
conditions as may be fixed and prescribed by them. 

13. The Trustees may cause this Scheme to be printed at the expense of the Charities, 
and copies may be sold at such reasonable prices as the Trustees may put upon them. 

GGG 2 



412 APPENDIX. 

14. If any doubt or question shall arise amongst the Trustees, or any of them, as to 
the construction, or proper application of any of the provisions of this Scheme, or the manage- 
ment of the Charities, application may be made by them to the Charity Commissioners for 
England and Wales for their opinion and advice, which, when given, shall be conclusive upon 
all persons affected thereby. 

15. This Scheme shall not in any respect prejudice or affect any rights of patronage 
or any privileges with respect to the aforesaid Charity, so called or known as " The Advowson 
or Right of Presentation to the Church of St. Olave, Mile End New Town, in the County of 
Middlesex " as aforesaid, which, under or by virtue of a certain Indenture dated the 6th day of 
April, 1875, and expressed to be made between the Right Honourable and Right Reverend 
John, then and now Lord Bishop of London, of the first part, the Reverend Wilham Clements 
of the second part, the Reverend Alfred Povah, then and now the Rector of the United 
Rectory of St. Olave Hart Street and Allhallows Staining in the aforesaid City of London, of 
the third part, and Thomas Williamson, William Hughes, John Wright, William James Johnston 
and Samuel Henry Rawley of the fourth part, are thereby secured to the said Alfred Povah. 

Sealed by Order of the Board this ist day of April, 1879. 

HENRY M. VANE, 

Secretary. 



APPENDIX. 
VI. 



41: 



CHURCHWARDENS OF ST. OLAVE'S, 1850 to 1894. 



1850-51. Charles James Heath and Robert Farrand. 
1851-52. Edward White and William Ryland. 
1852-53. William Ryland and Richard Corfield 
Bucknall, C.C. 

1853-54. Richard Corfield Bucknall and Edmund 

Mills. 
1854-55. Edmund Mills and Thomas Morgan, junior. 
1855-56. Thomas Morgan, junior, and Joseph 

Rutland. 
1856-57. Henry Johnson and Charles Barandon. 
1857-58. Henry Johnson andHenry Augustus Bevan. 
1858-59. Henry Johnson and Henry Augustus Bevan. 
1859-60. Henry Augustus Bevan and Benjamin 

Nicholson. 
1860-61. Fenwick Woodroof and Frederick Harris 

Smith. 
1861-62. Frederick Harris Smith and Henry Gill. 
1862-63. Henry Gill and John Leehead Bucknall. 
1863-64. John Leehead Bucknall and Edward 

Chapman. 
1864-65. Edward Chapman and William Hogg. 
1865-66. Edward Chapman and William Hogg. 
1866-67. Alexander Young and Robert Gardner. 
1867-68. Robert Gardner and John Mackinlay. 
1868-69. John Mackinlay and William Verry. 
1869-70. John Mackinlay and William Verry. 
1870-71. John Mackinlay and William Verry. 
1871-72. Samuel Henry Rawley and Matthew Fuller 

Woodley. 
1872-73. Matthew Fuller Woodley and William Ellis. 
1873-74. William Verry and William Ellis. 



1874-75. William Ellis and John Wright. 

1875-76. John Wright and Charles Hay Stewart, C.C. 

1876-77. Charles Hay Stewart and William Garment. 

1877-78. William Garment and Leonard Wrightson. 

1878-79. Leonard Wrightson and Henry Statham. 

1879-80. Henry Statham and Plumer Alexander 

Buller. 
1880-81. Plumer Alexander Buller and Charles 

Edward Smith, C.C. 
1881-82. Charles Edward Smith and Charles Thomas 

Marzetti. 
1882-83. Charles Thomas Marzetti and William 

James Johnston. 
1883-84. William James Johnston and William 

Pound. 
1884-85. William James Johnston and Charles 

Thomas Marzetti. 
1885-86. Charles Thomas Marzetti and William 

John Verry.' 
1886-87. William John Verry and Thomas Pallister 

Young, B.A., L.L.B. 

1887-88. William John Verry and Thomas Pallister 

Young. 

1888-89. Thomas Pallister Young and Robert Honey 

1889-90. Thomas Pallister Young and Robert Honey. 

1890-91. Thomas Pallister Young and Robert Honey. 

1891-92. Thomas Pallister Young and Robert Honey. 

1892-93. Robert Honey and Howard Young, L.L.B. 

1893-94. Robert Honey and Harry J. Newman, M..\. 

1894-95. Harry J. Newman and W. C. H. Hunt. 



' Son of Wm. Verry, upper churchwarden, 1873-74. 



414 



APPEhWIX. 
CHURCHWARDENS OF ALLHALLOWS' STAINING, 1868 to 1894. 



1868-69." F. R. H. Heawood and George Baker. 

1869-70.' George Baker and Henry Hughes. 

1870-71." George Baker and Henry Hughes. 

1871-72. Henry Hughes and Thomas WiUiam 
Elliott. 

1872-73. Henry Hughes and Thomas William 
Elliott. 

1873-74. Thomas William Elliott and Thomas 
Kyffin Freeman. 

1874-75. Thomas William Elliott and Thomas 
Kyffin Freeman. 

1875-76. Thomas William Elliott and Thomas 
Kyffin Freeman. 

1876-77. Thomas Kyffin Freeman and George 
Baker, junior. 

1877-78. George Baker, junior, and Horatio David 
Davies. 

1878-79. George Baker, junior, and Horatio David 
Davies. 

1879-80.- Horatio David Davies and Thomas 
William Elliott. 

1880-81. Horatio David Davies and Thomas 
William Elliott. 



1882-83. Thomas William Elliott and William 
George Horncastle. 

1883-84. Thomas William Elliott and William 
George Horncastle. 

1884-85. Thomas William Elliott and Robert 
Frederick Sandon. 

1885-86. Robert Frederick Sandon and Andrew 
Bowring. 

1886-87. Robert Frederick Sandon and Andrew 
Bowring. 

1887-88. Robert Frederick Sandon and Andrew 
Bowring. 

1888-89. Robert Frederick Sandon and Andrew 
Bowring. 

1889-90. Robert Frederick Sandon and Andrew 
Bowring. 

1890-91. Robert Frederick Sandon and Andrew 
Bowring. 

1891-92.3 Andrew Bowring and Henry V. Clements. 

1892-93. Andrew Bowring and Henry V. Clements- 

1893-94. Henry V. Clements and Joseph Charles 
Dawson. 



1881-82. Horatio David Davies and Thomas 1894-95. Henry V. Clements and Joseph Charles 



William Elliott. 



Dawson. 



' In these years the Vestry appointed both the Churchwardens, the last Incumbent of the benefice having died in 1866. 

^ Now Alderman of Bishopsgate Ward. 

' Now Deputy-Alderman of Langbourn Ward. 



APPENDIX. 



41; 



LECTURERS OF ST. OLAVE'S. 

1 721. Mr. Wood was Lecturer; died in that year. 
1754. Mr. Watkinson resigned. 

1754, April 3. William Dodd elected per resig. Watkinson. 
1767, Oct. 29. Bladen Downing elected. 
1 77 1, March 27. Matthew Thomas per resig. Downing. 
1794, June 12. Henry Lord per resig. Thomas. 
1802, May 13. Thomas Mills per resig. Lord. 
1806, March 26. Manley Wood per resig. Mills. 
1836, April 21. Thomas Boyles Murray per resig. AVood. 

1838, April 19. Thomas Boyles Murray resigned ; promoted to the Rectory 
of St. Dunstan-in-the-East. 



VESTRY CLERKS. 



1722, March 26. 
1750, Nov. 15. 

1754, July 3- 
1756, Nov. 10. 
1772, April 20. 

1775. July 5- 
1798, March 8. 

1804, April 5. 
1846, Dec. 24. 
1887, July 28. 



ST. OLAVE'S. 

Thomas Huett. Vestry Clerk till 1750. 
Stane Huett elected. 
Caesar Lord ,, 



John Morgan 
George Beardsell 
William Edwards 
W". Baker , 

W™. Baker 
W™. Heath 
Rob'. W". Parker 



vice Lord deceased. 

„ Morgan „ 

„ Beardsell ,, 

,, Edwards ,, 
probably son of the preceding. 

„ Baker deceased. 

,, Heath ,, 



1820, May 25. 
1868, July 30. 
1880, April I. 



ALLHALLOWS' STAINING. 

John Clabon elected vice Watkins resigned. 
'John Watney „ „ Clabon deceased. 

John Alexander Tilleard „ Watney resigned. 
' Clerk lo the Mercers' Company. 



4i6 APPENDIX. 

VII. 



On the walls of the Vestry, will be found some records of interest, inter alia : — 

I. Voluntary Contributions for the Defence of the Country. 

A 
'N°. 1308. 

This is to certify that the Inhabitants of St. Olave's, Hart Street, by the Hands of 
John Brazier, Esq^, has (sic.) this day paid into the Bank of England the sum of six 
hundred and fifteen pounds, one shilling and — pence, which is placed to the Credit of 
the Commissioners of the Treasury, on account of the supplies granted by Parliament for 
the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety eight, pursuant to an Act of Parliament 
of the thirty eighth year of His present Majesty's Reign [George III]. Witness my hand 
this 13 Day of March 1798. 

^615 IS. od. Signed, W. DUNN. 

II. AGREEMENT AS TO CHURCHYARD BOUNDARY. 
St. Olave, Hart Street. Churchyard Boundaries, &c. 

The Minutes of the Meetings of this Vestry on 29th January, and 9th April, 1863, 
shew that the wall on the Western side of the Churchyard with the iron railing thereon 
forms part of the Churchyard, and that the adjoining freeholders have no rights over the 
same. To avoid any question, at the suggestion of Mr. T. Pallister Young, B.A., L.L.B., 
Churchwarden 1886-92, Treasurer of the Church Restoration Fund, a stone has been inserted 
in the said wall with the following inscription : — 

(Ellis tDall tnitlj tljc railing tljereon stands tcitljin tijc bounbary of tlje (ri)urcl)var& 
o[ Saint ©lace, ^art Street. 

The Minutes also shew that the adjoining Owners are under obligations not to erect any 
building above the basement story extending further Eastward than the line set forth in 
the said Minutes. 

It also thereby appears that the ground floor windows of the buildings on the South 
side of the Churchyard shall always be so fixed as not to be opened, and fluted or ground 
glass is required in certain windows therein specified. 

Signed, A. POVAH, D.D., Rector. 

ROBERT HONEY, 1 

Michaelmas, 1892. HOWARD YOUNG, L.L.B. j Churchwardens. 



APPENDIX. 417 

VIII. 



CLERGY, CHURCHWARDENS, &c., OF THE UNITED PARISHES OF ST. OLAVE, 
HART STREET AND ALLH ALLOWS STAINING. A.D. 1894. 

Rev. Alfred Povah, D.D., Rector, and Rural Dean of the East City. 
Rev. Henry Marshall Barron, B.A., Curate. 

Mr. Harry J. Newman, M.A., Churchwarden ) 

Mr. W. C. H. Hunt „ [ ^'- ^'^^^^' '^^'^ ^"^2^^- 

Mr. H. V. Clements „ ) 

Mr. Joseph C. Dawson „ } ^Hhallows Staining. 

Overseers : Mr. W. J. Johnston, C.C. and Mr. J. N. Bishop. St. Olave, Hart Street. 

Mr. Henry Hopking and Mr. Wall. Allhallows Staining. 

Synodsmen: Mr. E. R. Thompson and Mr. H. H. W. Sparham, M.A. St. Olave, Hart 
Street. 

Guardians : Mr. W. J. Johnston, C.C, St. Olave, Hart Street, and Mr. H. V. Clements, 
Allhallows Staining. 

Vestry Clerks: Mr. R. W. Parker, St. Olave, Hart Street, and Mr. J. A. Tilleard, Allhallows 
Staining. 

Parish Clerk of the united parishes : Mr. E. G. Abrahams. 

Organist „ „ „ Mr. T. Collier Grounds. 

Sextoness „ „ „ Mrs. Wyatt. 

Beadles : (St. Olave) Mr. A. Crutchley. (Allhallows) Mr. J. Abrahams. 



TRUSTEES OF THE ADVOWSON OF THE UNITED PARISHES OF 

ST. OLAVE, HART STREET, ALLHALLOWS STAINING, AND OF 

THE ADVOWSON OF ST. OLAVE, MILE END NEW TOWN, E. 

Messrs. William James Johnston, C.C, Matthew Fuller Woodley, Leonard Wrightson, 
William John Verry, Charles Edward Smith, C.C, Charles Thomas Marzetti, 
James Innes, J.P., Thomas Pallister Young, B.A., L.L.B., and Robert Honey. 

With the exception of Mr. James Innes, all the above-mentioned Trustees served 
the ofiSce of churchwarden in St. Olave's parish. 

HHH 



41 8 APPENDIX. 



IX. 



HOURS OF DIVINE SERVICE IN ST. OLAVE'S CHURCH, HART STREET. 

Sundays, ii a.m. and 6.30 p.m. Also on the 2nd and 4th Sundays in the month, at 8.0 a.m. 

Thursdays, i p.m., Lecture. 

Saints' Days, i p.m.. Prayers. 

On the first Sunday in every month. Children's Service and an Address at 3.15 p.m. 

Special Services in Advent and I>ent, and on other occasions, of which notice is given. 

The Holy Communion is celebrated on the First, Third and Fifth Sundays of the month, and 
on Great Festivals, at noon ; and on the Second and Fourth Sundays at 8 a.m. 

The Sacrament of Baptism is administered on Sundays ; on other days, if necessary. 

In 1893 there were fifteen Baptisms; in the same year twenty candidates were presented for 
Confirmation. 

The Service for the Churching of Women is on Sundays and Thursdays. 

The Burial Office. — The first part of the Office may be said in the Parish Church if the 
friends of a deceased parishioner so desire. The Cemetery for the City of London 
is at Ilford. 

All the seats in the Parish Church are free. 

Sunday School at 3 p.m. Superintendent, Mr. Quinby, Master of the Aldgate Ward Boys' School. 

A Bible Class for Young Men is held in the Vestry on Sundays at 3.15 p.m., during the winter. 

There is a meeting of the Communicants' Union in the Vestry on the last Wednesday in every 
month, at 8 p.m. 




INDEX, 



The number indicates page in book. 

St. O.H.S.=St. Olave's Hart Street. Mar. Reg.=Marriage Register. 

A.H.S.=AIlhalIows' Staining. Bur. Reg.=Burial Register. 

Bap. Reg.=Baptismal Register. App.=Appendix. ft. note=foot note. 



A 

Abbey of Grace, The. 

Abbatia Beata; Marite de Gratiis, also styled 
Eastminster Abbey, sketch of its history, 351 ; 
benefice of A.H.S. appropriated to, in 1367, 
348; rectorial value of A.H.S. to, in 1539, 
354. Abbey surrendered, 1539; pulled down, 
Navy Victualling Office erected on the site, 
ft. note, p. 354. 

Adams, Sir Thomas. Bur. Reg. A.H.S., 346. 

Advowson of 

St. O.H.S., history of, 239-241 ; A.H.S., history 
of, 320-323; the united parishes, and of the 
church of St. Olave, Mile End, New Town, 
App., 409. 

Alban's (St.), Wood Street, 15-16. 

Aldgate Ward, 

Its boundaries, meaning of Aldgate, Alegate, 8. 

AUhallows, Barking. 

Collection at St. O.H.S. for repairing the steeple 
of, 220. 

Allhallows, Bromley -by- Bow, E., 

building fund supplied by A.H.S., 323. 

Allhallows-the-Less, Upper Thames Street, 183. 

Allhallows Staining (A.H.S.). 

Alhalowen, 358. All Saints, 315. The three 
remaining City churches dedicated to All- 
hallows — A. H. Barking, A. H. Lombard Street, 
and A.H. London Wall, 316; meaning of 
Staining, 316 ; A.H.S. mentioned in a Will of 
1281, 316 ; church rebuilt in 1674, 317 and 
320; the church walls had fallen in 167 1, 
318-320 ; sites of the church and parsonage 
sold to the Clothworkers' Company, 324 and 
App., 405; ancient monuments, no longer 
existing, formerly in the church of A.H.S., 
325-327; benefice of A.H.S. "appropriated" 
in 1367 to the Abbey of Grace, Little Tower 
Hill, 348 ; rectors of A.H.S., 350; parsons 
o*> 353 ; perpetual curates of, 354 ; value of 
the benefice in 1522 (less rectorial tithe paid 
to Abbey of Grace, p. 354), 353 ; total value 
in 1548, 353 ; value in 1865, 323 ; the last 
service held in the church of A.H.S., 356. 



Altars 

in St. O.H.S. before the Reformation, 54; in 
A.H.S. (1515), 358; high altar rebuilt (1553-4) 
I Mary, 367. 

Amherst, Robert. Bap. Reg., 159. 
Amhurst, John. 

Bur. Reg. Margaret, John, John, three children 
of, and Margaret, wife of, 189. 

Ancilla, meaning of, ft. note, p. 163. 

Andrewes, Lancelot, 

Bishop of Winchester "Dr. Andrewes," 150. 

Angell, Rebecca. Bur. Reg., 180. 

Anthony, St. (Stepney), 

Church of, building fund supplied by A. H. S. , 323. 

Antiquities 

Discovered in pari.sh of St. O.H.S., since 1859, 
10-12; stone coffin found in Ironmongers' 
courtyard (i860) A.H.S., 310. 

"Appropriation," The, 

Of benefices to monasteries ; two Acts of Parlia- 
ment on this subject, 352, cf. ft. note 3, p. 322. 

Arrow, Sir Frederick. Ft. note, p. 280,. .281. 

Arrowsmith, Edward, 

Rector St. O.H.S., 1720-1760, 32, 251. 

Arundell, Lord John, 

Baron of Trerise, Mar. Reg. A.H.S., 344. 

Ash, William. Bap. Reg. A.H.S., 338. 

Ashburnham, Sir Denny, 

■ Victualler of the Navy, 157. 

Atkins, Lady Annabella. 

Mar. Reg. 166, Pedigree sketch, App. 378. 

Assessment. 

St. O.H.S. in 1647, 233; rateable value of property 
in 1864 and in 1866, 248; A.H.S. in 1575, 370. 

Ayliffe, John. Mar. Reg., 166. 
B 

Babalius, Matthffius, 

formerly monument to, St. O.H.S., 65; Bur. 
Reg. 173- 
Bachelor, eleven varieties in spelling, 170. 

HHH 2 



420 



INDEX. 



Bacon, Anthony. Bur. Reg., 1 80. 

B. (J. H. B.), 

common crier and sergeant-at-arms. Ledger 
stone, 124. 

Baker, Sir Henry. 

Bur. Reg. 182. Bap. of son, Richard, 152. 

Banninge, Nicholas. Mar. Reg. 164. 

Baptismal Registers, 

their origin in Spain in 1497, 138. App. 376. 
Bap. Reg. St. O.H.S. (1563), 142-3. Bap. 
Reg. A.H.S., 1710-1794, posted by Rev. John 
Rose, his notes, &c., 334-336. A tax on bap- 
tisms, 336, cf. ft. note 2 on p. 337. 

Baptistery Screen, 

given by Mr. Henry Johnson in 1862, 40. 

Barber, Rev. Joseph Hutchinson, 

stained glass window, St. O.H.S. to the memory 
of, 112. 

Barcroft, Humfrey, 

patron and parson, A.H.S., 355; purchased 
donative advowson from Bingley and Blake,32l. 

Barcroft, Hugh, 

patron A.H.S. (1620-1662), his idea of a donative, 
321, 322. 

Barker, Joseph, 

inscrip. in churchyard A.H.S., 329. Benefac- 
tion, App., 390. 

Baro, Baron, or Barron, Dr. 

Lady Margaret Professor at Cambridge (1596). 
Bur. Reg. 179. One of the leaders of the 
Arminian school of divines in the Church of 
England, 296. 

Bartholomew Fair, 

not held in 1593 on account of the plague, 196. 

Barton, Rebecca. Benefaction. App., 385. 

Batten, Sir William, Navy Commissioner, 190, 210. 

Bassano, Augustine. Bur. Reg. 180. 

Battlements of St. Olave's church removed, 32. 

Bayning, 

Paul and Andrew, monument to, St. O.H.S., 90. 
Bur. Reg. Andrew, 181. Paul, 183. Bap. 
Reg. John, 147. Paul, afterwards Viscount 
Sudbury, 148. Cecilia, 152. Paul, 153. 
Susanna, 154. Penelope, 155. Bur. Reg. 
Elizabeth, 175. Henry, 183. Sir Paul Bayning 
(Viscount Sudbury), 184. .Susanna, 184. 
Extracts from the Wills of the 1st and 2nd 
Viscounts Sudbury, 238. Bayning Pedigree 
sketch, App. 377. Benefaction (Sudbury), 
App. 383. 

Beach, Sir Richard, 

of the Navy Office, presented in 1692 a flagon to 
St. O.H.S., 44. 

Beare, John, ledger stone, 122. 

Beck, R. C. Adams, 

clerk to the Ironmongers' Company, ft. note, 
p. 310. 

Beckingham, Thomas, 

formerly monument (St. O.H.S.) to, 65. 



Bells, 

a peal of six, St. O.H.S., 45. 202 (July 30). 
Vestry orders relating to, 227. 

Benam (Baynham), Mary, 

benefaction tablet, 137; Bur. Reg., 174; the 
Baynham charity, 237 ; App. 384 and 387. 

Bestney, Katherine, 

a brass to, in St. O.H.S., was formerly in 
Lambe's Chapel, 332. 
" Bewitched," specified as cause of death, 175. 
Bewley, Mary, monument to, from A.H.S., 130,.. 187. 

Bewley, Thomas. 

Bur. Reg. A.H.S., 346. Benefaction, App., 388. 

Bibles, Books of Common Prayer, 

prices of, in l6th century, 363, 364. 

Billingsleye, Bur. Reg. William, 179 ; Thomas, 185. 

Billiter Square, notable former residents of, 313. 

Billiter Street 

(formerly called Billiter Lane) conjectural 
derivation of name, 312. Maitland's descrip- 
tion of Billiter Lane in 1756, 313. 

Bingham, Sir Richard, Mar. Reg., 164. 

Bingley and Blake. 

Grant of donative, A.H.S., by James I to, 
321 and 349. 

Black Cloth, 

if church be hung with, who becomes owner of 
the black cloth ? 230. 

Blaunchapelton, 

at N.E. corner of Mark I,ane, 317, 369, 370. 

Blunt, Sir Thomas Pope. 

Mar. Reg., 169. Bap. of children of, viz., 
Henry and Ann, 158. 

Bodfield, Lady Elizabeth. Bur. Reg. 189. 

Bonifatio facio, 

apparently was an Italian resident in A.H.S. , 
147 and 370. 

Booth, Dorothy. Bap. Reg., 159. 

Bosard, John, 

rector St. O.H.S., 1398-1404, 249,252. Bequests 
to the church 54, 55. 

Boulter, Elizabeth, 

widow of Archbishop Boulter. Bur. Reg., 193. 

Bowyer, Sir Henry. 

Mar. Reg. 165; bap. of son, William, 152. 

Bradley, Ralph, monument to, 119. 

Brasses, 

in St. O.H.S. to. Sir R. Iladdon, 66. John and 
Ellyne Orgone, 69. George Schrader, 72. 
Sir Andrew Riccard, 73. Thomas Morley, 74. 
Henry Weldon, 332. Katherine Bestney, 332. 

Brass Tablet, 

commemorating union of the parishes of St. 
O.H.S. and A.H.S., 127. 

Bridewell, 

originally a palace, later a house of correction, 
short account of, 150. 



INDEX. 



421 



Briefs (Royal), 

ordering church collections for various objects. 
Brief for re-buikling the Theatre Royal, 
London, 218. Pepys thought " Brief" collec- 
tions too frequently made, 219. Brief in 1680 
for re-building St. Paul's Cathedral, 222-3. 
Briefs at A.H.S., 371 

Brookes (Brooks), Sir Robert. 

Mar. Reg. 169. Sponsor at bap. of D. Mills, 
157. Presented Mills, rector, St. O.H.S., to 
Wanstead rectory, 255. 

Brouncker, Ixird, 

joint Comptroller of the Navy with Sir W. Penn. 
Pepys and Lord Brouncker, 201, 206, 208, 
213, 214. First President of the Royal Society, 
235- 
Bristowe, Rev. Buncombe, 

Incumbent A. H.S. 1728- 1754, 342. ..355. 

Buck, Sir William, 

bap. of three of his children, viz., Mary, Eliza- 
beth and Frances, 158. 

Buckewoode, Edward. Mar. Reg. 163. 

Buckworth, Mary. Bap. Reg. 156. 

Bunhill Fields, burial ground, 191. 

Burnell, Thomas, 

formerly monument to (St. O.H.S.), 64. 

Burnett, Dr., 

of Fenchurch Street, Pepys's physician, 199, 201. 
204, 207. 

Buss, Rev. Alfred J. , 

curate of St. O.H.S. 1857-60, ft. note p. 260. 
Button, Jonathan, 

son of Ralph Button, Public Orator, Oxford, 
1648-1660. Bap. Reg. A.H.S., 340. 

Byrche, Robert, 

formerly monument to (St. O.H.S.), 64. 



Caesar, Lady Elizabeth, 191, cf., 169. 

Calais, 

the sole Staple town after Henry VI's reign, 145. 

Cappone, Peter, monument to, St. O.H.S., 92. 

Captives, The redemption of. 

In 1680 a collection, £(>^ zs. id., made for, 222. 

Carteret, Lady, 

gave Pepys "a bottle of plague water," 201; 
letter from Pepys, 4th Sept., 1666, to Lady 
Carteret describing state of London, 206. 

Carlton, Frances. Bur. Reg., 184. 

Carter, John. Bap. Reg., 156, ft. note 5, p. 250. 

Caswall, Anne, monument to, St. O.H.S., 134. 

Cave, Lisle. Mar. Reg., 163. 

Cely, Richard, 

formerly monument to, St. O.H.S., 64; patron 
St. O.H.S., 239, 240. 

Cely, Richard (Junr.), will of, 22. 



Census, 

of St. O.H.S. and A.H.S. in 1552, 10; 1801 to 
1891, tabular statement of, App.,375; business 
population of St. Olave's parish, 1891, 10. 
Chantries, 

formerly in St. O.H.S., 56, 57; in St. Paul's 
Cathedral, (1547), ft. note 6, p. 56 ; copies of 
Chantry certificates, St. O.H.S., 58; Chantry 
certificate relating to A.H.S. (1548), 353. 
Chaplin, John, 

of Tathwell, Lincolnshire. Mar. Reg. A.H.S., 
344- 
Charlton, Emme, monument to, from A.H.S., 128. 
Cheney, Richard. Benefaction, App. 384. 
Cherry, Sir Francis, 164, 165. 
Chitty, Ann, ledger stone, 123. 
Chrysom, (Cresom). 

A "chrysom child," 77; first entry of a burial 
of a, 173. 

Church Collections, St. O.H.S., 216. 

Church Goods, 

belonging to St. O.H.S., in 1552, 59-61. For 
A.H.S., See Chapter XXIII. 

Churchwardens' Books, 

of A.H.S., the six oldest described, 357-358, 
368-371. 

Churchwarden, 

the first named in St, O.H.S. Register, 173; 
pleading to be exempt from serving as, fines 
for refusing to serve, 228, 229. Fines amount- 
ing to ;£^I25, used in 1751 for church repairs, 
32. cf. "Parish Estate," App., 385. List of 
churchwardens St. O.H.S., 413, A.H.S., 414. 

Churchyard Gate, The, 

in Seething Lane, alluded to by Dickens, 50, 51. 

Churchyard, The New, 

consecrated in 1680, 52, no inscriptions in, 125. 

Churchyard, The Old (St. O.H.S.). 

Pepys's allusions to (Jan. 30), 213, ..214. Vestry 
regulations regarding, 225, 226, App. 416 ; 
churchyard of A.H.S., 329. 

Churchyard Inscriptions. 

St. O.H.S., 126, 127. A.H.S., 329-331. 

Chute, Margaret. Bur. Reg. A.H.S., 346. 

City and Guilds of London Institute, The, 

subsidies to, by Clothworkers' Company, 304 ; by 
Ironmongers', 310. 

City of London, The. 

Parochial Charities Act, 1883. How this affected 
St. O.H.S and A.H.S., App. 390-392. Tithes 
Act, 1864, 393-400. 

Clabon, Mary Ann and John, 

inscrip. A.H.S. churchyard, 329. 

Clarenceux King of Arras (John), 

formerly monument to, St. O. H. S. , 63. 



Clock, The. 

St. O.H.S., from St. Olave's Jewry, 18 
Vestry order, 227. 



)i, 46. 



422 



INDEX. 



Claymond, Olyver, 

Churchwarden A.H.S. (1535) his bequests, 328. 
Inventory of church goods (153S), 365. Bene- 
faction, App., 387. 

Clothworkers' Company, The, 

their Hall in Mincing Lane, 299-301. King 
James I made a member of the Company, 302. 
Origin of the Clothworkers' Corporation, 302, 
303. Subsidies to Yorkshire College and other 
Institutions, 304 ; purchase of sites of church 
and parsonage of A.H.S. by the Company, 
324; conditions of sale, App., 405, 406. 

Communion Plate, The, of St. O.H.S. described, 44, 45. 

Cordell, Sir John. Mar. Reg. A.H.S., 344. 

Corn Exchanges, The, in Mark Lane, 297. 

"Corpus Christi," 

a service book for festival of, given St. O.H.S. 

(1459). 55, 56; the festival of, at A.H.S., 

362, 363- 
Costermonger, derivation of, ft. note, p. 174. 

Costyn (Costin), John, 

formerly monument to, in A.H.S., 325 ; his will, 
327 ; Benefaction, App. , 386. 

Crutched Friars' Monastery, The, 

founding of, in St. O.H.S., 288; agreement 
made in 1319, between Prior of, and Rector 
St. O.H.S., 252 ; attempted secession by some 
Friars of, in 1359, the King's aid invoked, 
288, 289 ; the monastery in high favour at 
beginning of l6th century, 289, 290 ; the 
guilds of St. Katherine and of the Most Holy 
Blood, 290, 291 ; the monastery surrendered in 
'53^1 291 ; Stow's description of the site in 
1598, 291. 

Crutched Friars, 

why this street is so named, 5 ; former dis- 
tinguished residents of, 296, 297 ; an antique 
London house in, 297. 

Crypt, The, near the tower in A.H.S. ch. yard, 331. 



D 

Dacres, Edward. 

Mar. Reg., 166. Pedigree sketch, App., 378. 

Dane, Margaret. Benefaction, App., 384, 388. 

Davison, Monkhouse and Jacob, 

monument to, from A.H.S., 134. 

Davy, Henry, ledger stone, 124. 

Deane, Sir Anthony. 

Short account of, 157; Bap. of children of. 
Christian, 157; Essix, 158; Bur. of Lady Ann 
Deane, wife of, 192 ; of Mary and Anthony, 
children of, 192 ; Sir Anthony's contribution 
towards the rebuilding of St. Paul's Cathedral, 
223. 

Deane, Sir James, 

monument to, 75 ; Bur. of a " cresom " child of, 
179; Bur. Reg., 181 ; biographical sketch of, 
265-267 ; Benefaction, App., 384. 



Deane, Sir James Parker, 

Vicar-General of the Province of Canterbury, 78. 

Deaveraux (Devereux). 

Bap. Reg., Robert (afterwards 2nd Earl of 
Essex) 148; Walter, 151 ; Henry, 152. 

Debuke, Thomas, monument to, 94. 

De, 

omitted from names of French origin, entry 
1568, Sept. 8 ; p. 146. 
Deleau, John. Mar. Reg., 169. 

Dodd, Rev. William, 

Afternoon Lecturer at St. O.H.S., 1754; his 
popularity, 227, 228. 

Domesday Survey (1086), The, 

description of its purport ; no Ix)ndon church 
mentioned in, 13, 14. 

" Donative " Benefice, A. 

A.H.S. made a donative, 321; donative priv- 
ileges, 349 ; Hugh Barcoft's application of 
these to A.H.S., 321, 322. 

Dorrien, John. Benefaction, App., 389. 

Ducke, Thomas. Mar. Reg., 169. 

Duke's Place, origin of name, 179. 



E 

Eastminster Abbey, 

also known as the Abbey of Grace, 351. 

Elsenhaimer, Christopher James, 

monument to, 95 ; Bur. Reg., 183 ; 

Elizabeth, The Princess, 

afterwards Queen Elizabeth, attended divine 
service at A.H.S. in May 1554, 305, and 
ft. note p. 306. 

Essex, Earl of, see Bap. Reg. 148, Robert Devereux. 

" Eothen," 

extract from, ' Cairo and the Plague,' 214, 215. 

Evans, David, churchyard inscrip., 126. 

Evans, Richard. Benefaction, App., 385. 

Evelyn, John, 

extracts from Diary of, plague in London, 197 ; 
in Deptford, 198; his criticism of his father- 
in-laws "good and charitable gift" to the 
Trinity H. Corporation (May 25), 285 ; din- 
ner at Ironmongers' Hall, mode of electing 
Stewards, 310. 



Fairborn, Frances, 

ledger stone, 125; Bur. Reg., 192. 

Fanshawe. 

Bap. Reg. Thomas, 153. Memoirs of Lady 
Fanshawe, 153-4. Sir Richard Fanshawe, 
Viscount Fanshawe, 154. Mar. Reg. William, 
Katherine, 166. Pedigree sketch, App., 381. 

Farewell, Alice, monument to, from A.H.S., 130. 



INDEX. 



423 



Fenchurch Street, 

origin of name, 305. Henry Vlllth's Head 
Tavern in, 306; visit of Princess Elizabeth 
('554). 306- The Elephant Tavern in, 
Hogarth's paintings, 311, 312. Called the 
Heye Street (1575), 370- 

Fielding, Basil. Bur. Reg., 190. 

Fines 

for refusing to serve as churchwarden, 32, 228, 
229, App., 385; for burying in linen (1695, 
June 14th), 347. 

Fires of London, 

in 1087 and 1136, 15; in September, 1666, the 
number of churches burnt, ft. note, p. 245. 
Seething Lane district, 273. Trinity House, 
Water Lane, 282. Clothworkers' Hall, 301. 

Fitzhugh, Robert. Bap. Reg., 159. 

Fleetwood, George. Mar. Reg., 163. 

Fleet, William. Bap. Reg. A.H.S., 342. 

Fraternity or Guild, 

of (i) St. Katherine, (2) the Most Holy 
Blood, connected with the church of Crutched 
Friars' Monastery, 290, 291 ; of " Wolwyrchers " 
St. O.H.S., 55 ; of S.S. Katherine and George 
A.H.S., 354, 361, 362, 365; of Our Lady 
(B.V.M.), 354, 361, 362. 

Fogg, Dr. Daniel, 

Incumbent A.H.S. (1688-1728), 355; monu- 
ment to, from A.H.S. , 132. Mar. Reg. 
A.H.S., 344. Bur. Reg., 347. 
Font, The, 

St. O.ILS., presented in 1862 by Mr. T. Bond, 40. 
Ford, Sir Richard, Lord Mayor 1670, 191. 

Foundlings 

and children chargeable to the parish, 234. 
pledges given to parish at baptisms, 151. 

Fowler, Lady Ann, 186. 

Fox, Dorothy. Bap. Reg. A.H.S., 339. 

French Protestant Church, A, 

established in London (Edw. VI), 146. 

French Protestants, 

in i685 collection at St. O.H.S. ;^205 \os. <)d. 
made for, 222. 

Frithe, William, monument to, from A.H.S., 129. 

Frith, William. Bap Reg. A.H.S., 340. 

Frost, Rev. John, 

Rector St. O.H.S., 1655-1657, 251. Bur. Reg., 
189. Sermons by, 254. 

Fuller, Thomas, 

Historian, residence in Sion College, ft. note 
p. 254. 
Funeral charges, examples of, 187, 238, 267, 308. 



Gayer, Sir John. "The lion sermon," ft. note, p. 233, 
Geare, John. Mar. Reg., 1 68. 
Gibbons, Dr. Richard. Bur. Reg., 189. 



Glass-making 

set up in London (Crutched Friars) by Italians, 
about 1560, 146. 

Glover, Sir Thomas. Bur, Reg., 184. 

Goode, Hephzibah. Bap. Reg. A.H.S., 340. 

Goode, Rev. John, 

Incumbent, A.H.S., 1656-1662, 355. 
Gore, 

Elizabeth, monument to, 118. Bur. Reg., 193. 
Ann Gore, Bap. Reg., 159. Dorithy Gore, 
Mar. Reg., 170. William Gore elected (1708) 
member of Vestry St. O.H.S., 224. 

Grenside, John, monument to, 116. 

Grocers' Company, The, 

purchased advowson of A.H.S., 322. Three 
churches built and endowed by A.H.S. funds, 
and placed in the patronage of the Company, 
323, 324 ; outlay of the Company from its 
corporate funds for these churches, 324. 

Gylman, Henry. Mar. Reg., 162. 



H 



Haddart, Joseph. Bap. Reg., 158. 

Haddon, Sir Richard, 

the Haddon Chantry St. O.H.S., 57. Brass to, 
66-68; pedigree sketch, App., 379, 380. 

Hadley, James, 

Parish Clerk St. O.H.S.; gift of alms dish to 
parish in 1694, 45; conversation with S. 
Pepys, 205 ; contribution to rebuilding fund 
of St. Paul's Cathedral (1680), 223. 

Hale, Rev. Thomas, 

Rector St. O.H.S., 1583-1590, 250. Mar. Reg., 
163, cf. Bur. Reg., 1593, Sept. 22, 178. 

Hall, Nathaniel. Bap. Reg., 147. 

Hall, Rev. Timothy. 

Incumbent A.H.S., 1677-1688. Bishop of 
Oxford, 1688-1690, 341 ; caused the declaration 
of K. James II (1688) to be read in A. H. S., 355. 

Handson, Ralph. Benefaction, App., 388. 

Hardyman, Lucius F., 

Rear-Admiral , monument to, 117; also mon. to 
Lieut. Lucius Hardyman, 117. 

Harlow, Mary. Bap. Reg., 160. 

Harris, Sir Arthur. Mar. Reg., 165. 

Harrison. 

Bap. Reg., Ann, 153; Margaret, 154. Bur. Reg., 
Ann, 187. 

Harrison, Mary. 

Bur. Reg. A.H.S., 345. Benefaction App., 388. 

Hart Street, 

alluded to in 1352, 3; widening of, in 1811, 231. 

Hartopp, Dorothy. Bap. Reg., 158. 

Hayes, James. Benefaction, App. 389. 



424 



INDEX. 



Hayne, Rev. Abraham, 

Rector St. O.H.S. (1633), 250; presented by Lord 
Windsor, 240; ejected from benefice during 
the Civil War, ft. note, p. 250 ; buried 
(1650) St. O.H.S., i88. Cf. entries, "1638, 
Oct. 18," 15s ; " 1659, Dec. 14," 189. 

Hatchment in Baptistery. St. O.H.S., described, 113. 

Heath, John. Mar. Reg., 169. 

Heath, Jacob. Mar. Reg., 169. 

Heathcote. 

Bap.Reg., Gilbert, 160; Henrietta and Maria, 161. 

Heimskringla, The, 

or the Sagas of the Norse Kings. Olaf 's twenty 
battles, ft. note 2, p. 21. 

Heraldic Window in St. O.H.S., description of, 108. 

Hewer, William, 

Servant to S. Pepys, 202, 208 ; later, partner ; 
Pepys died in the house of, 274. Master of the 
Clothworkers' Company in 1682, 301. 

Highlord, 

John, inscrip. on marble slab, 112. Bur. Reg., 
183. Benefaction, App., 384. Bap. Reg., 
Sara, Nathaniel, Zacharias, and Abigail, 147. 
Mar. Reg., Barbara, Judeth, 164. Bur. Reg., 
Barbara, 179; Isabel, 182; Zacharie, 184; 
Susan and John, 187. 

Hock Monday, meaning of, 364, 365. 

Hogarth, William, 

paintings formerly on the walls of the Elephant 

Tavern, Fenchurch Street, attributed to, 

3ii> 312. 
Holford, Lady Elizabeth. Benefaction, App., 389. 

Holland, Rev. William, 

Incumbent A. H.S., 1662-1677, 355; monument 
to, from A.H.S., 131 ; energy of, in re- 
building A.H.S. church, 1674, 320; posting 
Bap. Reg., 1642-1652, from P. Clerk's 
journal, 339. Memo, in Mar. Reg. by, 343. 
Bur. Reg. A.H.S., 346. 

Hope, Lady Anne. Benefaction, App., 385. 

Hore, Charles. Mar. Reg., 169. 

Hull, Alice, 

formerly monument to, 65. Bur. Reg., 184. 

Walter Hull's benefaction, 236, 261, App., 

383- 
Humberstone, Jane, monument to, 85. 
Hunt, Sir Thomas. Mar. Reg., 164. 

Hynelond, William, 

Priest. Bequest for lights in St. O.H.S. (1372), 
55; patron of A.H.S. (1366), 321. 



Ingram, Hugh, monument to, from A.H.S., 133. 

Inventories of Church goods. 

St. O.H.S. (1552), 58-61. A.H.S. (153s), 
358, 36s; (iS55)> 370; (1585). 357; (1609), 
371- 



Ireton, Alderman John, 

officiating at Weddings (Commonwealth period), 
168, 342. 
Irish Protestants. 

Collection in 1689(^86 14J. io^.)at St. O.H.S., 
made for, 222. 

Ironmongers' Company, The. 

Origin of, 306. Liber Horn MS., 306. "Book 
of Orders for the Corapanie," 307. Hall 
of, in Fenchurch Street, 308. Portraits of 
notable former members of, 309. Income 
and Trust property of the Company, 309, 310 ; 
subsidies for promoting technical education, 
310 ; use of Ironmongers' Hall for divine 
service to parishioners of A.H.S. in 1673, 308. 
The Ironmongers' Mass (1509), 365; gift of, 
to the poor of A.H.S (1566), 369. 

J 

Jackson, Richard, monument to, iii. 
Jacob, Anne. Bap. Reg. A.H.S., 338. 
January 30th, 

ordered in 1661 that Jan. 30 be in future observed 

as a day of solemn humiliation, 221, see ft. 

note same page. 

Jianson, Nathaniel. Bap. Reg, 155, 
Johnson, John, 

Rector St. O.H.S., 1530-1557, extract from his 
will, 253. 
Jones, Edward Henry, 

Upper churchwarden St. O.H.S., 1826, Window 
to the memory of, 113. 

Jones, Edward Kendall, monument to, 114. 
K 

Kennett, Dr. White. 

Bp. of Peterboro'; Instructions to the Clergy of 
Peterboro' diocese concerning Parish Registers, 
by, 141 ; resident in Crutched Friars (171 1), 
296. 
Kent, Charles A., 

Secretary to the Trin. House Corporation, ft. 
note p. 280,. .281. 

Kerby, Jefferie, 

monument to, 84; Bur. Reg., 185; Margaret 
Kerby, 187, was probably widow of Jefferie 
Kerby, see mon., p. 84. 

Keys, The, 

of the chests containing parish plate or deeds, 
should the rector or the churchwarden have 
these keys ? 229. 

Knightley, Sir Robert, 

Trustee of advowson St. O.H.S., 240; subsidy 
man (1679) 235 ; conversation with S. Pepys, 
214 ; contribution to rebuilding fund of St. 
Paul's Cathedral, 223; Bur. Reg., 193; Son 
of, Bur. Reg. William, 192; Wife of, Lady 
Mary, 192. 

Knightley, Robert and William. 

Bap. Reg. Robert, 158, William, 159; pre- 
sumably, grandsons of Sir Robert Knightley. 



INDEX. 



42 s 



Knolls [KnoUys], Sir Robert. 

Mar. Reg., 166. Jone, daughter of, Bap. Reg., 
153. Bur. Reg., 183. 
KnoUys, Sir Francis, 

(died in 1596), witness at baptism of Robert 
Devereux, 148,. .149; pedigree sketch, App., 
381. 

L 

Labour and Building materials, 

prices of, in 1493, 364. 
Laing, Rev. David, 

Rector St. O.H.S., 1857-1860, 251 ; monument 
to, 109 ; outlines of his career, 258-261. 
Lambe, William. 

Lambe's Conduit, Holborn, 1577,151. Lambe's 
Chapel, Monkwell Street, ft. note, p. 301,. .331. 
Master of the Clothworkers' Company, 1569, 
301. Crypt, A.H.S. formed of materials from 
Lambe's Chapel, 331. 
Lambert, Sir Daniel. Benefaction, App., 385. 
Langbourn Ward, 

derivation of name, 8; description of Ward, 9. 

Lecturers. St. O.H.S. list of, App., 415, cf. 227-8. 

Lee, H. W., 

Registrar of Bp. of London's Registry, ft. note 2, 

p. 251. 
Lee, Sir Thomas. Mar. Reg. A. H. S. , 345. 
LethieuUier, 

Sir John, 223; Anne, 340; William, 159; Ann, 

169; William, 342; Pedigree sketch, App., 

382. 
Letts, Rev. John, 

Rector St. O.H.S. 1838-1857, 251 ; monument 

to, 115; began the restoration of St. Olave's 

Church (1853) 258, cf. 33. 
Letts, John, monument to, 120. 
Levies of men for the Navy in 1795, 1796, 230-231. 
Londonderry, Earl of. Mar. Reg. A.H.S., 343. 

London & Blackwall Railway, The, 

has greatly changed the appearance of St. Olave's 
parish, 298. 
London (City) Churches, 

the number of, on 1st September, 1666 ; how 
many in 1894, ft. note p. 245. 
Lowell, The Hon. J. Russell, 

address by, in St. Olave's Church, on Pepys and 
his Diary, 105-107. 
Lovell, Thomas. Bur. Reg, 177. 

Lowen, Dr. John. 

Bur. Reg., 192, Benefaction, App., 383. 
Lucy, Sir Berkley. Mar. Reg. A.H.S., 344. 

Lumley, Lord, his house on Tower Hill, 175,.. 181 ; 

Lady Lumley, 183... 2. 6. 9. 
Lynn, Susan, monument to, 78. 

M 
Machyn, Henry, 

extracts from Diary of, St. Olave's Day in London 
(1557), ft. note p. 21 ; Dogs supposed to 
spread pi. infection, 195. 



Mark Lane, 

mentioned in 1277, 3; in 1311, 4; described in 
1720, by Strype, 295 ; No. 7, Mark Lane, 
"Parish Estate " A. U.S., App., 389. 

Mansfield, Lord Chief Justice. 

Deane's journal as evidence, opinion of, 335. 
Marriages. 

Act of Parliament, 1653. Registrars of, 167. 
Statute of 1695, taxing marriages, 336. 

Mary (St.) le Bow, church mentioned in 1091, 15. 
Marston Moor, battle of, 

thanksgiving collection (;^50 3^-. ) St. O.H.S., 219. 
Matterhouse, John. Mar. Reg., 163. 
Maynard, Lady Mary, 190. 
Meade, Bathsheba. Bap. Reg., 160. 
Mellish, Joseph. Mar. Reg., 170. 

Mennes [Minns], Sir John, 

monument to, 81. "1667, Nov. 21," 157. 
"1664, April 24th,'' 169. Bur. Reg., 191 ; 
biogr. sketch of, 268- 9. Poet ; his admiration 
of Chaucer, 269. Master of the Trinity House, 
1662, Pepys's comment on this election, 
(May 26th), 284. 

Middleton. Bap. Reg., Charles, 158. Mar. Reg., 
Thomas, 164. 

Milbourne, Sir John, almshouses founded by, 292. 

Mills, Rev. Daniel, 

Rector St. O.H.S., 1657-1689, 251, 255 ; ledger 
stone, 121 ; ch. yard inscrip., 126. Bur. 
Reg., 192. Mills's first sermon after the 
plague, 214 ; day of special prayer for Mr. 
Mills's recovery from illness, 221 ; contribution 
towards rebuilding fund of St. Paul's Cath., 
223; (1682), 235. S. Pepys and Mills, 255, 
256. Sons of, Daniel, Bap. Reg., 157. Bur. 
Reg., Daniel, 190. Daniel, 192. Wife of, 
Mary, 191. 

Mills, William, monument to, 91. 

Mincing Lane, origin of name, 304. 

Monasteries. 

The Crossed Friars, Crutched Friars, 2, 252, 
288-292, 293. The Abbey of Grace (East- 
minster Abbey) Little Tower Hill, 321, 348, 
351, 354, 358. The Holy Trinity, Leadenhall 
Street, 288, 3=;2. 

Montague, Sir Edward. 

(afterwards Earl of Sandwich.) Pepys's kins- 
man and patron, 271, 272. Lord Sandwich's 
opinion of ghosts (June 15th), 284,. .310. 

Morley, Thomas, brass to, 74,.. 162. Bur. Reg., 173. 

" Mutuum," meaning of, 353. 

N 

Narborough, Sir John, 158. 

Navy Commissioners' House (The) in 1654, 189. 

Navy Office, The, 

in Crutched Friars and Seething Lane, 234, 235 ; 
description of, 293-295. 

Ill 



426 



INDEX. 



Navy Office, The, 

in Mark Lane, " Old Navy Office," 235, 295- 
296. 

Navy Pew, The, 

in south gallery, St. Olave's, 36, ft. note p. 37, 
103, 104. 

Nelson, Lord, 295. 

Nelthropp, John. Mar. Reg., 169. 

Neville, lion. & Rev. Latimer, 107. 

Newman, Abram, monument to (from A.H.S.), 134. 

Newton, John, ledger stone, 124. 

New River, The, 151. 

Nicholas (St.) ad Macellas (Shambles), 

benefice of, supposed to have been united to 
St. O.H.S., 241, explanation of this error, 242. 

Nicholas' (St.) Day, 365. 

Northbrook, Earl of, letter from, 104. 

Nones, Dr. Hector, 178. 

Northumberland House, 182, 183. 

Nurses 

for children kept by the parish, 235 ; fees to, 
" for schooling," 236. 

o 

Ogborne, Sir William, monument to, 115. 

Olaf (Olave) St., sketch of his life, 18-21. Healing 
of a cripple at Southwark, 21, 22. Churches in 
England dedicated to, 3 in City of London, i in 
Southwark, 18; church at York in 1055, 17. 

Olave (St.), Hart Street, The Church, 

its dimensions ; list of the 8 surviving London 
churches that escaped the Great Fire, 13 ; 
conjecture as to when a church was first 
erected in Hart Street, 18 ; present church, 
when built, 22 ; description of the architecture 
of, 23-28. Reparations of, 1633, 23; 1661, 
29; 1713, 30; 1731, 1751, 1763, and 1777, 
32. The Vestry of, 1662, 28 ; N. & S. galleries 
removed, 1854,33. Reparations of, 1861-1891, 
33~37- Entrance to Navy Pew, on south side 
of the church, 36, ft. note, p. 37. Vestry order 
for repairs of the church, 227. Church and 
church services maintenance fund, App., 391-2. 
Hours of divine service in, App., 418. 

Olave, St., the parish of, 

first mentioned, how described, 1,2; boundaries 
of, in 1598, 2; present area, 6, 7. Municipal 
situation of, 7, 8. Resident population of, 9. 
Business pop., 10. Census (1552), 10; 1801 
to 1891, App., 375. Tithes of, in i8th century, 
245. Settlement, Act 1864, 247, 248. First 
rector of, whose name is recorded, 252. Union 
of St. O. U.S. and A. U.S., App., 400-407. 
Clergy, churchwardens, &c., of united parishes, 
1894, App., 417. 

Olave (St.), Mile End New Town, E., 

church of, built 1875, and endowed by funds 
from St. O.H.S., 241. II.M. Order in Council, 
App., 407-409- 



Organs, 

St. O.H.S., 1508 and 1552, 62. Organs de- 
molished, 1644, 41. Re-introduced, Chapel 
Royal, Whitehall, 1660, 42. Pepys's intention 
in 1667 to jDresent organ to St. O.H.S., 42; 
present organ built, 1783, by Samuel Green, 
description of, 42, 43. 

Orgone, John and EUyne, 

brass to, 69. Bur. Reg., 175. 

Owen, Rev. H. Butts, D.D., 

Rector St. O.H.S., 1794-1837; monument to, 
118; ledger stone, 121; statement by, of 
value of tithes, 1794, 244 ; sketch of career of, 
258. 

Owen, Rev. Henry, M.D., 

Rector St. O.H.S., 1760-1794; sketch of career 
of, list of published works, 256-258. 



Parish Clerks, 

the first three mentioned in St. O.H.S Register, 
172. Gift of Alms dish by James Hadley, 
P.C. , 45. Hadley's contribut. to rebuilding 
fund St. Paul's Cath. , 223. Princess Elizabeth's 
bounty to P.C. of A.H.S., ft. note, p. 306. 
J. Deane's journal, 1745-1766, 334. Lord 
Mansfield's opinion of journal, 335. Wages 
of P.C. of A.H.S., 360, 368, 369. 

Parochial Charities Act (London), 1883. 

Effect of this, on the united parishes St. O.H.S. 
and A.H.S., App., 390-392. 

Parish Estates, 

St. O.H.S., deeds relating to, 236. App., 385. 
A.H.S., App., 389. 

Parish Registers. 

Ordered in 1538 that a Reg. be kept in every 
parish in England, 1 39-141 ; origin of written 
P.Regs, of Baptisms, App., 376. St. O.H.S. 
Reg. dates from 1563, 142. A.H.S. Reg. 
from 1642, 334 ; system of taxation, 336, ft. 
note, p. 337. 

Parker, Ven. John. Mar. Reg., 163. 

Parliament, The, 

in 1664 the number of seamen and merchants in, 
284 (March 23rd). 

Parrot, John. Benefaction, App., 387. 
Paul's. (St.) Cathedral. 

Brief for rebuilding, collection St. O.H.S., 

£(i2 9.f. !(/., 222-3. Chantries in (1547), 

ft. note 6, p. 56. 

Paul's (St.) Homerton, 

building fund supplied by A. H.S., 324. 
Peers, Sir. Charles. 

Mar. Reg., 170. Sword Stand St. O.H.S., 48; 
elected a member of the Vestry, 224. 
I'eil, Godfry. Mar. Reg., 169. 
Penn, George, 

his treatment by the Spanish Inquisition, 189. 
Bur Reg., 189. 



INDEX. 



427 



Penthoit, Thomas, formerly monument to, 64. 
Pettala, Barbara. Bur. Reg., 176. 

Pepys, Elizabeth, 

monument to, 88 ; sponsor at bap. of D. Mills, 
157 ; returns to Seething Lane from Woolwich, 
2nd December, 1665, 2U Bur. Reg., igo. 

Pepys, John. Bur. Reg., 191. 

Pepys, Samuel (1633-1703), 

biographical sketch of, 270-276 ; became a Parish- 
ioner St. O.H.S. 17th July, 1660, 272. His 
movements during the plague period, 198. 
Pepys's account of the plague, 199-214 ; the 
plague's entrance into St. O.H.S. recorded by, 
July 26th, 202. His opinion of Hadley's 
method of registration, 205 ; of Mills's first 
sermon afler the plague; 214. Pepys's first 
visit to St. Olave's after the plague (30th Jan.) 
213. Pepys objects to the frequency of " Brief 
Collections," 218-9. His criticisms of the 
sermons of Mills (rector) 255-6. The Diary 
and the Mar. Reg. of St. Margaret's, West- 
minster, 271. His voyage in the Naseby, 
1660, 271-2. The Great Fire, the Navy Office 
and an adjoining district escaped, 273. Presi- 
dent of the Royal Society, M'.P. for Harwich, 
274 ; period comprised in Pepys's Diary, 274 ; 
history of the MS., 275 ; criticisms on Pepys 
and his diary by J. Russell Lowell, 104-107; 
by "Edinburgh Review," 276 ; pronunciations 
of the Name Pepys, 276 ; the burning of the 
Trin. House, Water Lane, 282 ; allusions by, 
to the Trin. House feasts, 284-5. Master of 
the Trinity House, 285 ; of the Clothworkers' 
Company, 301. Pepys at Sir Richard Stayner's 
funeral, 310. Intention in 1667 to present an 
Organ to St. O.H.S, 42. Pepys's monument, 
100. The entry in Bur. Reg., 193. 

Pews. Vestry regulations relating to, 224 ; repair 

of, 227. 
Pitt, William, 

laid (1793) foundation stone of the present Trinity 
House, 283. 
Pilkington, Mary. Bap. Reg. A.H.S., 342. 

Plague. 

Five visitations of plague indicated in St. O.H.S. 
Reg. before 1665, 194-196. Strype's testimony 
concerning London Clergy, 196 (5). Reasons 
for printing Pepys's account of plague of 1665, 
198. Pepys's account, 199-214. Thanks- 
giving collection at St. O. H. S. after deliverance 
from the plague, 218. 

Poor of London, The, 

in 1688, special collection St. O.H.S., ;^43 10^., 
made for, 222. 

Poor, The, and Parish Workhouse, 226. 

Pope, Harry. Bur. Reg., 179. 

Potter, Thomas, monument to, from A. H.S., 132. 

Poynt, Sir John. Mar. Reg. , 1 64. 

Preachers, 

on Trinity Mondays at St. O.H.S. before the 
Corporation of Trinity House, 281-2. In 
A.H.S., 1571, list of, 369-70. 



Pulpit, made by Gimley Gibbons, 

formerly in St. Benet's, (Jracechurch, removed 
to St. O.PI.S. in 1867, 41. 

R 

Radcliffe, 

Lady Anne, monument to, 82. Bur. Reg, 176. 
S.r John, monument to, 93. Bur. Reg., 173. 
Ramsey, Mary. 

The first fatal case of the PI., 1665, in St. O.H.S., 
190. 

Rates of taxation 

on births, deaths, marriages, and on bachelors 
and widowers, 336 ; ft. note, p. 337. 

Rawson, Richard, D.D. , 

Rector St. O.H.S., 1510-1518. Theologian and 
Canonist, 252-3. 

Ray, Waller, monument to, from A. H.S. , 133. 

Relph, John, M.D. , monument to, 114. 

Rectors, 

St. O.H.S., list of, 249-251. A.H.S., 350. 

Reredos, St. O.H.S., 39, 40. 
Restoration, The (1660), 

thanksgiving collection ^^53 3.?. St. O.H.S., 221. 

Ritual, of a funeral St. O.H.S. (1557), 61. 

At A. H.S. change of, in Edw. VI reign, 
358 ; counter change in Q. Mary's, 367-8. 

Riccard, Sir Andrew, 

brass to, 73; monument to, 97. Bur. Reg., 191. 
Rate book entries, 233, 234 ; patron St. 
O.H.S., 240; gave the Advowson to parish, 
240-41. Pedigreesketch, App. ,382. Daughters 
of, Christian, 156, 168. Elizabeth, 187. Wife 
of, Katherine, 187. Widow of, 223. 

Roberts, Sir Owen, 

Clerk to the Clothworkers' Company, ft. note, 
p. 304. 

Robertson, David, monument to, no. 

Rose, Rev. John. 

A. H.S. posted the Bap. Reg., 1710-1794; his 
notes and observations, 334-336 ... 356. 

Rose Tavern, The, 

fatal gunpowder explosion, 4th Jan. 1650, 188. 

Russell, Ann ; ledger stone, 122. 

Rust, Mary and Elizabeth. Bap. Reg., 160. 

Ryder, Sir William. Bur. Reg., 181. 



Sanson, John ; ledger stone, 123. 

Sawle, Thomas ; formerly monument to, 64. 

Savage. 

Bap. Reg. William and Richard, 153. Viscount 
Savage, Bur. Reg., 185. James, 186, cf. 173. 
Charles and Ellen, 193. 
" Savage Gardens ;" how the name was derived, 153. 
Savoy, The ; why so called, 174. 

II I 2 



428 



INDEX. 



Schrader, George ; brass to, 72. 

Sedgwick, Elizabeth S. Bap. Reg., 159. 

Seething Lane ; 

in 1281, Sieuthenestrate, 4 ; former notable 
residents of, 5- 

Sharpe, Rev. Lancelot, 

Incumbent A.H.S., 356; monument to, from 
A.H.S., 137; churchyard inscrip., 331 ; wife 
of, Jane Mary, monument to, 135 ; churchyard 
inscrip., 329. 

Sharpe, Lancelot, 

monument to, from A.H.S., 136. Widow of, 
Sarah, 136. 
Shaw, Sir John. Mar. Reg. A.H.S., 344. 

Shovell, Admiral Sir Cloudesley. 

Mar. Reg. A.H.S., 343; bap. of daughter of, 
Ann, 159 ; rate book entry, 236. 

Sidney, Sir Philip. 

147-148 ; bap. of daughter of, Elizabeth, 147. 

Sidney, Lady Mary, 176, I77- 
Sign of the Sun, The, 

in Hart St., 151 (Feb. 9th), 152. 

Simbarbe, William. Bur. Reg., 177. 

Simpson, Rev. John, 

Rector, St. O.H.S., 1590-1633. Founder of the 
library of Sion College, 254. Bur. Reg., 185. 
Josias Simpson, Mary Simpson, 178. 

Sion College, 

London, 254 ; present site of Sion College, 
Victoria Embankment, ft. note, p. 254. 

Smith, Lady Ann. Bur. Reg., 191. 

Smith, Benjamin. Benefaction, App., 385. 

Smith, Joseph. 

"Judge Advocate H.M. Navy." Bur. Reg., 191. 

Smith, Rev. Samuel, 

Incumbent A.H.S., 355. Mar. Reg., 342. Bap. 
of Samuel, Son of, 340. 

Smyth, Alexr., monument to, from A.H.S., 135. 

"Snickler," Rev. Gyles. 

Mar. Reg., 162. Cf. Seyntcler, 1563*, 354. 

Somers-Smith, R.V. 

Clerk to the Grocers' Co., ft. note, p. 324. 

Spert, Sir, Thomas. First Master of Trin. House, 279. 

Spelling, 

examples of variety in spelling family names, 
145, 268. 

Staining, suggested meaning of, 316. 

Staple, former meaning, present meaning of, 145. 

Stoddard, G., formerly monument to, 65. 

Stodder, Elizabeth. Bur. Reg., 182. 

St. Quintin, William. Bap. Reg., 161. 

Suckling, Sir John. Mar. Reg., 166. 

Sudbury, Viscount. 

154,238. Benefaction, App., 383. 53« Bayning 
Pedigree sketch, 377. 



Superaltars, in A.H.S., 1520, 360. 

Sword Stands, 

meaning of, 46, ; four in St. O.H.S., 47, 48 j 
two given to other churches, 50. 



Tancred, Rev. Jordan, 

monument to, from A.H.S., 131. 
Thistlewood, John, monument to, from A. M.S., 134. 
Thornbury, Richard. Bur. Reg., 187. 
Thornhurst, Sir Steven. Mar. Reg., 165. 

Tithes, City of London, 

charge upon houses, in 1228, 3/. 4^/. in the 
£i, 243; in 1546, 2J. 9(/., 244; 22 & 23 
Charles II. applied to parishes where the 
church was burnt in the Great Fire (1666), 
245 ; other parishes arranged under Act of 
1864, 247-8. App., 393-400. 

Totton, S.D., monument to, 118. 

Travers, 

Peter P., monument to, no; Mary, 116; 
Catherine, 117. 

Trench, Dr. Edmond, 

formerly monument to, A.H.S., 327. Bur. Reg. 
St. O.H.S., 190; A.H.S.,346. Bap. of Son 
of, 338- 

Trinity House, The, 

on Tower Hill, 278. Corporation founded at 
Deptford, 1514, 279. Statutes of 1836 and 
1853, details of present work of the Corpora- 
tion, 280. Former London houses, Ratcliffe ; 
Water lane, 282. House on Tower Hill, des- 
cription of, 283. Pepys a guest at Trin. 
House feasts, 284. Evelyn, 285 ; list of 
Elder Brethren (1894) of, 286. 

Tropery, The New, 

a book given St. O.H.S. by Bosard (1404) 55. 

Tryon, Mary. Bap. Reg., 161. 

TuUoch, Robert, monument to, ill. 

Tunnard, Wm. Benefaction, App., 385. 

Turner, Peter, monument to, 80. Bur. Reg., 182. 

Turner, William, Dean of Wells, 

monument to, 79. Bur. Reg., 173; biographical 
sketch of, 262-265 ; *e " New Herball " of, 
263-4 ; book on wines, 264-5 ; resident of 
Crutched Friars, 296. 

Tunstall, Cuthbert, Bp. of London, 

benefice of A.H.S., 1522, in the valuation of, 
353- 

V 
Valois, Tussyn de. Bur. Reg., 174, 177. 
Vaughan, Sir Hamond, formerly monument to, 63. 
Verney, Edmonde. Mar. Reg., 164. 
Vestments, 55, 59, 358, 361. 
Vestry Clerks, list of, App., 415. 
Vestry Minute Books, 224-236., App., 416. 



INDEX. 



429 



Voluntary Contribution in 1798, 

for the defence of the Country, 'App., 416. 

Vincent, Rev. Thomas (1665), 197. 

W 

Wall, Tobias, monument to, 95. 

Watts, John, monument to, 119. 

Weldon, H., brass to, orig. in Lambe's Chapel, 332. 

Werder, L. de, monument to, 87. Bur. Reg., 184. 

Weston, Sir Harry. Mar. Reg., 163. 

Whittington, Sir Richard, 

reputed palace of, in Hart Street, 286-288. 

Whittington's College, 176. 

Williamson, John. Benefaction, App., 385. 

Windsor, Andrew. Benefaction, App., 384. 

Willis, Elizabeth, ledger stone, 125. 

Winter, William. Benefaction, App., 388. 

Wolstenholme, 

Sir John, 155, 186. Bap. Reg., John, 153. 
William, 155. Ann, 156. Mar. Reg. 
Catherine; Jone, 166. Bur. Reg., Katherme, 



181. Lady Ann, 183. Katherine, 184. 
Elizabeth, 190. Bap. Reg. A.H.S., Henry, 
340. Edward; William, 341. Bur. Reg., 
Mildred, 346. Pedigree sketch, App., 381. 
Benefaction, 383. 

Woode, Rev. David. Mar. Reg., 163. 

Wood, Rev. J. M., monument to, ill. 

Wrightson, L. , 

Antiquities found in Coopers' Row belonging 
to, II. 

Wyllender, P. Van, formerly monument to, 64. 



York, The Duke of, 

Master of the Trinity House, 1894, 281, 282, 286. 

Young, T. Pallister, LL.B. 

Antiquities found in Mark Lane belonging to, 
II, 12. 



Zouch, Dame Johane, formerly monument to, 64.