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Full text of "A History of the town of Freetown, Massachusetts : with an account of the Old Home Festival, July 30th, 1902"

CORNELL 

UNIVERSITY 

LIBRARY 



FROM 




1^2 



Cornell University 
Library 



The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924028820468 



{\ \\\SJO^Y 



J0U/9 o|^ preetou/i}, 



fT\as8aef7asetts. 



u;itl7 39 aeeoupt of 



JY)e Old J^ome pestiual, 



July 30tl7, 1902. 



FALL RIVER, MASS.: 

Pkkss ok J. H. Franklin & Cumpanv, 

78 Bedford Strekt. 

1902. 






UWiVl:!;:. ( 1 Y 
"1 l>. IxAUY 



CW EC us now praise famous men, 

^^ anO our fathers that begat us. 

ttbe XorO batb wrought great glorg bg tbcm, 

tibrougb bis great power from tbe beginning. 

?rbere be of tbem tbat bave left a name bebinO tbem, 
?rbat tbeir praises migbt be reporteO. 

anO some tbere be wbicb bave no memorial, 

Mbo are pcrisbeO as tbougb tbeg baD never been, 

anO are become as tbougb tbeg baO never been born, 

anD tbeir cbilJtren after tbem; 

JBut these were merciful men, 

lUbose righteousness batb not been forgotten. 

Juclesias/icus, xliv. /, 2, S-io. 



Ye Freemen's Purchase. 

1659-1683. 



BY PALO ALTO PIERCE. 




SOUTH MAIN STREET. 



'HE purchase of the four 
mile tract known as "Ye 
Freemen's Purchase" was 
transacted in 1659. The land 
was transferred by deed from 
Wamsitti and his squaw 
Tattapanum to twenty - six 
persons known hereafter as 
" original purchasers" in con- 
sideration of "twenty coats, 
two rugs, two iron pots, two 
kettles and one little kettle, 
eight pair of shoes, six pair 
of stockings, one dozen of hoes, one dozen of hatchets, 
two yards of broadcloth, and a debt satisfied to John 
Barnes, due from Wamsitti to the said Barnes," which in 
in all probability was for fire water. These proprietors 
were a colonial body and all transactions till 168;5, when 
the town was incorporated, were chronicled in what is 
known as "The Proprietors' Records," which unfortunately 
cannot be found. 

In 1747 a portion of Tiverton was annexed, and in 
1803 Fall River was set off. 

A brief history of the original purchasers is as fol- 
lows (Authority — Davis' Landmarks of Plymouth) : 

Of Timothy Foster, the owner of the first lot, very 
little can be learned. Ralph Earl, however, was an early 

3 



settler upon this lot, and he was a son of William Earl 
of Portsmouth, R. I. A sister of Ralph became the wife 
of John Borden, who owned the northerly half of this lot 
as early as 1710. 

Humphrey Turner, owner of the second lot, (now in- 
cluded in the City of Fall River), was of Scituate, where he 
was constable from I606 to lt);-!9. He was a representative 
to Colonial Court from 1<)40 to 1650. His son Joseph was 
the next owner. He sold in 1671 to Israel Hubbard who 
in turn sold to Capt. Benjamin Church, who settled thereon 
in 17(t(). 

Christopher Wadsworth, owner of the third lot, to 
whom early records refer as "Xtofer Wadsworth," settled 
first in Duxbury. He was constable of that town in 1633, 
a selectman in 1666, serving six years, and a representative 
to Colonial Court in 1640, serving four years. He died in 
1677. 

Edmund Chandler, owner of the fourth lot, where the 
City Farm of Fall River now is, retained it through life. 
His son Joseph was the next owner. He sold in Jul)'"1673 to 
Henry Brightman of Portsmouth, R. I. Edmund Chandler 
was constable of Duxbury in 1 637 and representative to Col- 
onial Court in 1 631» Matthew Boomer was the first settler on 
this lot in 1675. He is referred to by colonial record as 
"residing in the Government without order, not attending 
Public Worship of God, living lonely and in a heathenish 
manner." 

Samuel House, owner of the fifth lot, was a resident 
of Scituate, dying there in 1661. His sons, Samuel and 
Joseph, sold, March 2n, 167s, to Henry Brightman and 
Thomas Cornell of Portsmouth, R. I. The next year 
Cornell sold his half to George Lawton, Jr., of Portsmouth. 
Brightman and Lawton were the first settlers. 

Henry Howland of Duxbury, owner of the sixth lot, 
did not occupy, but his sons, John and Samuel, became 
actual settlers. John died in lt'>s~ . Samuel died in 1716. 
Henry, the original purchaser, died in KmO. 

4 



George Watson, owner of the seventh lot, retained the 
same through life, it descending to children and grandchild- 
ren, as his grandson John Watson sold his right, July '20, 
III It;, to Henry Brightman. 

Ralph Partridge of Duxbury, owner of the eighth lot, 
died before the deed was given, and at the division in It'iCo 
his heirs received the lot which his grandsons Ralph and 
Peter Thatcher on Oct. 21t, Kiit-l-, conveyed to John Reed, 
who became an actual settler and lived thereon till his 
death, Jan. 3, 1723. Ralph Partridge emigrated to America 
in lt'i3tj, and died in 1658. 

Timothy Hatherty of Scituate, owner of the ninth lot, 
sold his right to Capt. James Cudworth, who in 1681 sold 
out to Simon Lynde of Boston from whom it descended to his 
son Samuel Lynde, also of Boston, who gave it to his 
grandchildren, Thomas and Elizabeth Valentine. Timothy 
Hatherty was Governor's Assistant for many years, and 
Colonial Treasurer from 1640 to 1642. 

Love Brewster, owner of the tenth lot, was born in 
England, came to America in 1626, and settled in Dux- 
bury, where he died. This lot passed to his son Wrestling 
Brewster, who sold the southerly half to John Boyers, who 
in turn sold it to Edward Thurston, Sr. of Portsmouth, R. L , 
Oct. 3, 17i)2. His son Thomas settled thereon. Thomas 
died March 22,173(i. 

Richard Morse of Duxbury, was owner of the eleventh 
lot, but very little can be learned of him. He appears as 
owner of a certain tract of land in Duxbury called "Eagles 
Nest." Thomas Gage was the first settler upon this lot. 

Walter Hatch of Scituate, owner of the twelfth lot, was 
the son of William Hatch, ruling elder of the Second 
Church of Scituate. His son Joseph was the next owner, 
who on June s, 17<).") sold the same to Jonathan Dodson, 
a settler. 

Thomas Southworth, of Plymouth, owner of the 
thirteenth lot, came to America in 162s. He was a 
brother of Constant Southworth. Thomas was a lieutenant 
of militia, commi.ssioned March 7, l(;4s, and promoted to 

5 



the rank of captain in August, l(io!>. He was representa- 
tive from Plymouth three years to the Colonial Court and 
Governor's Assistant fifteen years. He died Dec. 11, 16fi9. 
William Paybodie, owner of the fourteenth lot, ex- 
changed the same for land elsewhere. This lot was soon 
after owned by Capt. Benjamin Church. William Pay- 
bodie was Town Clerk of Duxbury from ItitKl to Ki.s-l. 
He was representative to the Colonial Court twenty-three 
years. He was born Nov. iil, Kill), and died in 1707. 




OLD BARNABY HOMESTEAD. 

Josiah Winslow, Sr., owner of the fifteenth lot, was the 
youngest son of Gov. Edward Winslow. Josiah emigrated 
to America in 1621», settled at Marshfield, was Town Clerk 
of Marshfield in UjIC, and so remained till his death in 167-1. 
He was born in 16n.5. He sold this lot April «, 16(;i, to 
William Makepeace of Boston, who occupied it till his 
death. William Makepeace was drowned August, itl.sl. 
It was upon this lot and a portion of the sixteenth lot that 
the reservation to Tabatacusen was made. 

6 



John Waterman, owner of the sixteenth lot, was a son 
of Robert Waterman and his wife Elizabeth, who was a 
daughter of Thomas Bourne. This lot was next owned by 
Lieutenant Job Winslow of Swansea, a son of Kenelm. 
He became a settler. He died July 14, 17-2i). 

Samuel Jackson of Plymouth, (afterward Scituate), 
owner of the seventeenth lot, sold his right to William 
Randall, who sold to Nicholas Cotterell of Newport, R. I., 
and in U183 and IBUO the most of this lot became the prop- 
erty of Lieutenant Thomas Terry, whose sons settled 
thereon. 

Nathaniel Morton, owner of the eighteenth lot, sold in 
March, KlTl, to John Hathaway, Sr., of Taunton (now 
Berkley), whose son, John Jr., settled thereon. Nathaniel 
Alorton was the son of George, who came to Plymouth in 
ltJ23. Nathaniel was Colonial Secretary from 1647 to 10.S5. 

Constant Southworth, owner of the nineteenth lot, 
came to America with his mother, then a widow, in 162S. 
He settled in Duxbury and represented that town in the 
Colonial Court for twenty-two years. He was Colonial 
Treasurer from 1(15;^ to 1679, Governor's Assistant for sev- 
eral years, and Commissary General in King Philip's war. 
He died March 10, KlT'.i. The lot passed to his children 
who sold in 16S2 to John Bailey and Ralph Payne, both of 
whom settled thereon, and the inlet of Assonet Bay, known 
as Payne's Cove, derives its name from the latter. 

Thomas Bourne of Marshfield, owner of the twentieth 
lot, represented his town in the Colonial Court in 164(1-41 
and 1644. He died May 11, 1664, aged 85 years. The lot 
next was owned by his son John, who gave it March 4, 1687, 
to his daughter Anna, wife of John Bailey, and Martha, wife 
of Valentine Decro. 

Samuel Nash was owner of the twenty-first lot, it 
being that on which the southerly portion of Assonet* 
is situated. He was a lieutenant, and led a force against 

*Assonet is an Indian name signifying a song of praise according to the 
Rev. Orin Fowler in an Historical Sketch of Fall River written in 1841. 



the Indians in August, KU.i. He was Colonial :\Iarshal 
for many years. 

John Barnes of Plymouth was owner of the twenty- 
second lot, which included much of the land on which 
Assonet A'illage has been built. The south line of this 
lot corresponded with the south line of the burying ground 
opposite the Christian Church. The north line was prob- 
ably near the north line of land owned b}- the Pickens 
estate and Mrs. W. H. Hathaway, a little south of Elm 
street. From west to east it extended from the bay four 
miles into the woods. In August, liiiiil, John Barnes sold 
this lot to Hugh Cole of vSwansea, and in l(is.5 it passed 
into the hands of Benjamin Chase, who was the first tu 
settle on it. It is of interest to know that b^• the deed 
of ltis."> all the meadows along the river bchnv the path are 
excepted from sale, showing that there was a path along 
the river corresponding to what is now Water Street, 
though not on the same lines, ever since the settlement 
of the town. This is the John Barnes to whom Wamsitti 
became indebted for sundry articles taken up at his shop, 
and the transaction is mentioned in the deed of "Ye Free- 
men's Purchase." 

John Tisdale of Marshfield, (afterward of Taunton), 
was owner of the twenty-third lot. It is upon this lot 
that a portion of Assonet Village is located. He was a 
selectman of Taunton in 1672, and served till his death 
in June, lf)7.5. He was a Representative to the Colonial 
Court in l<'i74. He was killed by the Indians, his dwelling 
burned, and his gun carried away by them, to be recov- 
ered at Rehoboth, Aug. 1, K175. His son Joshua settled 
upon this lot and died thereon about 1714. The high rock 
east of Assonet station was upon this lot and hence has 
been known as Joshua's Mountain. The north half of this 
lot was at one time owned by George Winslow, throuo-h 
his wife Elizabeth, who was the daughter of Joshua Tis- 
dale. He deeded the same May \-l. 1741, to Barnabas 
Tisdale. (See Register 31 -f.oi. 




OLD MAN OF JOSHUA'S MOUNTAIN, 
ASSONET, MASS. 



Ken elm Win slow, 
owner of the twenty- 
fourth lot, was a brother 
of Gov. Edward Winslow 
and came to America in 
l<i-2ri. He was a son of 
Edward Winslow and 
wife Magdaline Ollyver 
of Droitwich, England, 
and was born April 2U, 
159'..*. He removed to 
Marshfield about Kl-tl, 
thence to Freetown about 
1(;.59. He died at Salem 
Sept. 13, 1(172, aged 73 
years. This lot was set- 
tled by Nathaniel, son of 
Kenelm, and Josiah, a 
grandson. Nathaniel did not long remain, but Josiah 
continued to reside thereon till his death, April 3, 1761. 
He was born Nov. 7, 1()H9. 

James Cudworth, owner of the twenty-fifth lot, was 
born about 1612. He was a son of Rev. Ralph Cudworth, 
and brother of Rev. Ralph Cudworth, D. D., author of 
" The Intellectual System of the Universe." He came to 
Plymouth in 1<)34, but removed to Scituate, where he held 
office, both civil and military. He was Governor's Assist- 
ant for several years, and in KiKl was Deputy Governor 
of Plymouth Colony. He was at one time Commander- 
in-Chief of the combined forces of Massachusetts and 
Plymouth Colonies. He was sent to England to transact 
business for Plymouth Colony, and while there died of small 
pox, aged 7ii years. His grandson James settled upon his 
purchase. He was born April 3, 1(1(1."), and died about 172!». 
John Damon ni Scituate was owner of the twenty- 
sixth lot. He represented his town in the Colonial Court 
in 1(175 and 1(17H. He died June, 1677. This lot passed 

9 



to his heirs, who in 1713 and 1714 sold to Timothy Lindall 
of Boston, who caused it to be settled upon. It remained 
in the Lindall family till the War of the Revolution. 



In Ids:; Freetown ceased to be proprietary and became 
a town corporate. The earliest record occurs in it'iS.J, the 
two missing years probably being entered in the old Pro- 
prietors' .Records, which are lost. 



10 



Freetown, Mass. 

1683-1780. 



BY GILBERT M. NICHOLS. 



nOT much of community affairs or of dealings between 
town and town would appear in the early history of New 
England settlements, and the story of the first hundred 
years must tell of the people and their privations, and of 
the individual battle for existence. With the wild beast 
and unsleeping savage prowling about their dwellings or 
waylaying them in the daily path of duty, even in the 
fields where they compelled the resisting soil to yield up 
to them its scanty store, the pioneers of our independence 
and pride early learned the price of lite itself. Little of 
historic importance seemed to be happening among these 
bleak and barren hills where the settlers were grimly 
struggling for a foothold ; yet through faith that kept them 
brave, and strife that made them strong, by unremitting 
vigilance and toil and well-earned victories, they were 
laying deep the foundations of New England character, 
whereon their posterity might safely build the beautiful 
and the enduring in that " self-reverence, self-knowledge, 
self-control," which alone could lead them to the 
" sovereign power" that was their destiny. 

The ambition of our forefathers was not the winning 
of great possessions nor the nice observance of proprieties. 
Their problem was how and where best with axe and gun 
to subjugate a wilderness, make a home and rear the 

11 



family of ten or a dozen children, sound in wind and limb, 
resourceful, resolute and strong to stand alone. The 
conditions of those times would not tolerate a leisure class 
nor admit of eight-hour agitations. The labor days were 
long and the holidays were few, when every household 
had to supply its own requirements. Neighbors would 
unite their strength to raise the frame of barn or dwelling, 
which was built near some perennial spring not too far 
from the " trail," and out of native timber the furnishings 
were hewn, plain, substantial, like themselves, made for 
use and warranted to last for generations. In winter the 
men were employed in cutting awav the woods and 
clearing the land for planting, or they were threshing out 
the wheat and rye with flails on frosty mornings. Huge 
stacks of wood were thrown up near the house to feed the 
great open fire that was kept blazing on the ample hearth, 
whereto every morning the green oak back-log was rolled, 
and the shining andirons set before. When not too 
blustering and cold, they used to haul loose-lying 
boulders from field or woodland, and enclose the clearings 
with those same walls which, now in ruins, are become the 
boundary lines of pathless woods once more, or only serve 
to mark the industry of the settlers in those days when 
sheep and cattle roamed at large through all the woods, and 
their divers " (y)earmarks " became matter of record more 
voluminous than all else, excepting only the data of town 
meetings. In late autumn and early spring, the neighbor- 
ing teams of oxen were yoked to the long-beamed, iron- 
shod wooden plow, and the land that had been cleared of 
timber and underbrush by axe and fire and made fertile by 
the a.shes, was broken up and roughly prepared for 
potatoes or corn, which was soon to be seen zigzagging 
among the blackened stumps, yet thriving as if in a 
garden, quite free from weeds and insect enemies. Much 
of the winter forage for stock was gathered from natural 
meadows and marsh lands, and here in summer time the 
swishing scythes were glancing in the early morning, and 

12 



the " whinney-whet " of the mower's rifle mingled pleas- 
antly with the plover's mellow note, while even the lonely 
bittern listened unalarmed. 

What the women did in those days was of no less 
importance, and as each family kept sheep upon the hill- 
side, so each housewife spun the yarn, wove the cloth and 
fashioned garments for her household. Some sunny day 
in spring, after the May storm had blown over, the sheep 
were washed and sheared, and the wool picked apart — this 
last task very often given to the small boys and girls. 
The next procedure was carding the wool into rolls, and 
for this two hand cards were employed. With the wool 
placed on one of them, the Colonial dame carded it with 
the other till it was entirely transferred from the first to 
the second. This process was repeated as many times as 
in her judgment was necessary, when she made the wool 
into rolls about a foot long, and then it was ready for the 
spinning wheel. A pretty picture was that of the Puritan 
maiden 

' ' Seated beside her wheel, and the carded wool like a snow-drift, 
Piled at her knee, her white hands feeding the ravenous spindle. 
While with her foot on the treadle she guided the wheel in its motion. " 

But we are told by one who remembers her grand- 
mother's method that she always stood, and walked back and 
forth at her spinning. As she walked away from her wheel 
the thread spun out and was twisted ; as .she retvtrned, the 
yarn was wound on the spindle, and so she continued 
walking backward and forward till the spinning was done. 
The hand loom was next brought into use, and the yarn was 
Avoven into cloth. If intended for blankets or underwear, 
the wool was left its natural color ; but if designed for outer 
garments for clothing the family, then it was dyed a 
beautiful or desirable hue with the bark of various trees, 
the leaves of the peach or mosses gathered from the rocks. 
Peach leaves made a pleasing shade of yellow, while the 
stain derived from moss was a bright brown. 

13 



Eaiiv in the eighteenth century the town, recognizing 
its community interests, hired a minister of the gospel, 
and also opened a school for the children, albeit their free- 
born spirits ill might brook the formalities and limitations 
which church usage of the times would force upon them. 
But before church or school had been established, even 
from the time of the town's incorporation, the citizens had 
assembled at convenient places for the choice of such 
officers as should serve them, and for sober consideration 
of questions of common interest. They had gathered 
about the great heirloom of their Anglo-Saxon ancestry, 
worth more to them than school or ritual, and in recogni- 
tion of the rights of the people, in veneration of order and 
law, they had held their toivit inectings. In most communi- 
ties the meeting-house of the church was made the moot- 
house of the town, but it was the " middle schoolhouse " 
(near the bleachery of to-day) that sheltered the legal 
voters of Freetown through the stormy town-meeting- 
times of old. There, where they had learned to read, they 
were called upon to reason, and there these "children of 
a larger growth " were " warned " again to gather where 
they might give and take post-graduate courses in matters 
pertaining to the public weal, and learn decision, assertion, 
and withal, submission to the will of a majority — until the 
next spring meeting. Every question of common interest 
was submitted to this most absolute of bodies, and 
thoroughly discussed, with many adjournments it may be, 
until sooner or later, for better or for worse, it was settled 
by the will of the majority. Every record in the old 
books might tell its story of a battlefield of wit and 
tongue, where, as likely as not (and is not human nature 
still the same?' J, the victors in the contest over election of 
selectmen celebrated their victory by making the defeated 
candidate their hog-ree.ve, and he had to .serve. 

But the citizens of Freetown early learned to look 
outside the limits of their own little community, and we 
find them in Itinu giving serious consideration to the well- 

14 



being of the colonies as a whole. No doubt they were 
much indebted to the Great and General Court for the 
suggestion, but we find them raising the banner of 
patriotism and joining in the sentiment of the English 
right to rule, during the campaign against the Canadian 
French in that year. 

Not many men were required of them at first, nor any 
great amount of munitions of war, but there appears 
among other charges against the town in that year : To 



HOME OF COL. THOMAS GILBERT. 



1 MP 








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sfT'' -..v'/v ." ''"-".' ■;..',,■',■ ^fes5r,v'-jl^,i. 


■■* 








■*^^»^l22ii 







one pair pumps for Tarbo Cary, ;! shillings (i pence; to 
clock for Tarbo Gary's snapsack, ."> shillings; to cash paid 
for Thomas Traintor's mu.sket, 1 pound shillings, and 
another charge of " ^ shillings for mending the country's 
gunn," which one of the two recruits was to carry through 
the privations and dangers of King William's war. From 
this time on, as occasion required, Freetown failed not to 
furnish her quota of soldiers and supplies. 



15 



Through the French and Indian War the honor of this 
section was well sustained by Thomas Gilbert. In 174"), 
as captain of a company, presumably from his own neigh- 
borhood, he shared in the glory of the Louisburg cam- 
paign, where the small force under Sir William Pepperell 
besieged and captured the notorious fortress which had 
sheltered the enemies of our fishing industry in northern 
waters for so many years. 

In 17.">.5 the same soldier, serving as lieutenant- 
colonel, is known to have been with the victorious forces 
at Crown Point, and later, in the battle of Lake George, 
when his senior officer was killed, he took command of the 
regiment. Gilbert afterward became prominent as the 
leader of the Loyalists in southern New England. 

The war cloud of the Revolution was now gathering 
on the horizon, and the far-sighted of the colonists were 
preparing for the storm, a history of which comes down 
to us largely by old tradition and grandmother's tales of 
"Whig and Tory times." From all sources it appears 
that the people were wide-awake to the great subject of 
government, though bitterly divided on the question at 
issue. In that part of our town annexed to us from 
Tiverton in 1747, and still known as New Freetown, a 
company of minutemen were training, under Captain 
Levi Rounseville, and making ready for the call that 
would soon be sounded in the " Lexington Alarm." 
Southward the dozen households located along the plung- 
ing Quequechan were watchful and brave, liberty men all, 
who, later in the conflict, proved themselves competent to 
defend their own against the marines of England. But 
while the southern and eastern portions of the town were 
preparing to contest the rule of the mother country, the 
village of Assonet, under the master spirit of old Colonel 
Gilbert, held loyal to the crown, as appears from the adop- 
tion of the following resolutions relative to the destruction 
of tea in Boston harbor : 



16 



Province of ye Massachusetts Bay, 

January, 1T?4. 
Bristol, ss. 

At a Legal Town meeting at Freetown, in sd. County, on 
Monday, ye 17th day of Instant, A. D,, 1774, on purpose to 
know ye minds of sd. inhabitants of sd. Town Respecting a 
Body of People Assembling together at Boston on ye Sixteenth 
Day of December last past, and then Destroying 343 Chests of 
Tea, Capt. George Chase, Moderator of sd. Meeting, after 
sum Debates and Duely Considering ye bad Consequences 
which probably may arise from ye proceeding of sd. Body, the 
Question was put wether ye Town would act on ye affare, and 
it passed in ye Affirmative, then ye Town made Choice of 
Thomas Gilbert, Abiel Terry, James Winslow, Esqrs. , Capt. 
Jael Hathaway and Doc'r Bullock a Committee to Draw up 
sum Votes and Resolves Respecting ye Destroying sd. Tea, 
and lay ye same before this meeting on Wednesday, ye 2Gth 
Day of this month, at Eleven of ye Clock in ye forenoon, then 
ye meeting was Ajornd, and ye Committee Resold ye following 
Resolves, viz; 

1st — That it is ye Duty of this Town at this time to Express 
our Sentiments in Matters which so nearly Concern us more 
spedely, as there seams to be Reason to fear there is a Spirit of 
Anarchy, Disorder and Confusion prevailing in sum parts of 
this Province. 

3nd — Resolvd, That ye Body of People at Boston on ye 
16th Day of December last, taking upon themselves the Stile 
and Appelation of a Body of People who did not Indeavor to 
prevent a number of people (in Indian Dress or Disguise) from 
acting there Savage Nature in ye Destruction of ye Tea 
aforesd, as we Apprehend, was not doeing there Duety, but was 
Contrary to Law, and we fear will bring upon us the 
Vengeance of an Affronted Majesty, and also plunge us in Debt 
and Misery when ye Injured owners of sd. Tea shall make 
there Demand for ye Vallue of ye Same. 

3rd — Resolvd, That this Town do hereby Declare that we 
Abhor, Detest and for Ever bare our Testimony against the 
proceedings of ye Body and Indians aforesd, or any others who 



have or shall act in any Riotous manner, it being so very Con- 
terary to ye Spirit of our Laws and ye Liberty of ye People. 

ith—Rfsoh'd. That Thomas Gilbert, Esqr., our present 
Representative Doe, and he is hereby instructed to use his 
utmost Indeavor as a Member of ye Hon. House of Rep- 
resentatives, that sum EflEectual means, if possible, be Taken to 
prevent for ye futer all such Riotous and Mobish proceedings, 
and if Demand shall be made by ye owners of sd. Tea for ye 
Damage done them by ye Body or Indians aforesd, that he 
appear, use his Indeavor, and Vote against any part thereof 
being paid by us who are so Innocent of ye Destroying ye same . 

oth — Fo(ed, That these Votes and Resolves be farely 
Recorded in ye Town Book, and a Copy thereof be Trans- 
mitted to ye Press, that ye World may know our minds 
Respecting our libertys and Good Government, and ye Resolu- 
tions we have to obey ye good Laws of our land, which under 
God for so long this Province have been happy in ye Injoy- 
ment of." 

Thomas Gilbert, 
Abiel Terry, 
James Winslow, 
Jail Hathaway, 
Jesse Bullock.. 

This is a True Record by me. 

Zebedee Terry, 

Town Clerk. 

Evidently the village of Assonet was a Tory strong- 
hold. Here early in 1775, by direction of General Gage 
at Boston, Colonel Gilbert had stored considerable quanti- 
ties of war material, and marshalled three hundred men of ' 
Bristol County for the purpose of quelling the insurrection 
in this section. But the Whig towns of the county mus- 
tered their forces, and marched them two thousand strong 
upon the " detested " village, dispersed the Tory battalion 
and compelled its leaders to seek safety in flight. This 
demonstration occurred a week or more before the battles 
of Lexington and Concord. The " Essex Gazette," a 

IS 



newspaper published in Salem, in its issue of April Isth, 
1775, contained the following communication: 

"Boston, Monday, April 17th. 
A letter from Taunton, dated last Friday, men- 
tioned that on the Monday before parties of minutemen 
from every town in that county, with arms and ammuni- 
tion, met at Freetown early that morning, in order to take 
Colonel Gilbert, but he had fled on board the man-of-war 
at Newport. They then divided into parties, and took 




WINSLOW HOUSE, BUILT IN 1706 

twenty-nine Tories who had signed enlistments and 
received arms in the colonel's company to join the King's 
troops. The\' also took thirty-fi\'e muskets, two case 
bottles of powder and a basket of bullets, which they 
brought to Taunton. There were upwards of two thou- 
sand men embodied there last Monday." 

In one of their incursions into Freetown the Whigs 
seized upon Colonel Gilbert's son-in-law, Ephraim Wins- 

19 



Imv, Esq., who, so far from being a violent partisan in the 
quarrel, was more interested in settling disputes and main- 
taining peace in the community. However, by virtue of 
his connection with the old Torv chieftain, he was identi- 
fied with the Loyalists, and was clearly a subject for the 
visitation of Whig wrath. 

Thrusting their bayonets into every nook and corner 
of his dwelling (which still stands, the oldest house in 
town) the Whigs discovered Esq. Ephraim hidden away 
in the large, old-fashioned brick oven, in the ashes of 
humiliation. After subjecting the non-resisting man to 
many indignities, they set him on a horse, " hind side 
before," and started with him for Taunton jail. Col. 
Gilbert, returning from Newport, and learning of the 
affair, set out after them at full gallop, with black 
Pompey, his slave and faithful attendant, following with 
extra pistols "under his arms." To show the great 
respect and awe which the whole country hereabout felt for 
the old soldier, it was reported on this occasion that when 
Col. Gilbert came up with the marauders, he rode directly 
among them, laid his hand on Winslow's shoulder and 
said: " Ephraim, what are you doing here ? Start your- 
self home." And home he went, leaving the astonished 
Whigs gazing after him. 

Alost of the older, more wealthy and influential of the 
inhabitants of Assonet were conservative in the agitation 
for independence, being unwilling to risk their property 
and social position, or, in their old age, incapable of shift- 
ing their allegiance from a recognized authority, under 
which they had prospered, to untried laws and the chances 
of revolution. As they were true to their convictions, 
history will not reproach them, and their townsmen of 
to-day should not suffer their names to be dishonored ; 
neither let them lightly censure him, of all Tories most 
notorious, whose faithfulness to trust was held to consti- 
tt:te a crime. For his allegiance, that seemed withheld 
from his country, yet was not given to a. King. 

20 



The order of established law was his divinity, and 
before no other throne did his manly spirit bow. That 
law which, in no small measure, he had helped to frame, 
should he not conform to it ? and " that same good law by 
which, under God, [he] had been blessed and happy," 
tinder which he had served so faithfully and conspic- 
uously for so many years — should he renounce it now? 
Because, in some evil hour, the law had been unwisely 
directed, or in foolishness enforced — would he now turn 
traitor to that law? No! rather would he shake the dust 
from off his feet, leave his kindred behind him, and the 
country that he had loved more than they all, and, flying 
unto regions far remote, and strange, and wild, dwell 
there, 'tis said, "in peace for twenty years," — dwell there, 
indeed, but never li%'e again. 

After the eviction of the Tory leaders, the Whigs 
came into power, and the town sustained its part in the 
prosecution of the war. 

On February 2(tth, 1776, a meeting was called in His 
^Majesty's name, which met March 4th, and chose a Com- 
mittee of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety, and voted 
to build boats ' ' to cross the water in if our enemies 
should attack our friends on the other shore" — of Taunton 
River. The committee chosen were : 

Stephkx Borden, Benjamin Reed, 

Jonathan Rkkd, Philip Hathewav, 

Samuel BAKNAin", Major Norton, 

Abxer WiNsi.ow, Naiiianiel ]\1orton, 

Cai't. Le\i Rolnskx'illk. 

The following Declaration of Independence in this 
sam-e vear shows how much the spirit of the town had 
changed in the short time since the days of the " Boston 
Tea Party:" 
Bristol, ss. 

These, are, in ye Name of ye governor and people of ye 
Colony of ye Massachusetts, to notify and warn ye freeholders 



and other inhabitants of Freetown to assemble and meet 
together at our publick meeting-house ye loth of this instant 
July, at 3 o'clock P. M., then and there to chuse a moderator, 
also to act what ye Town Shall then think proper in respect to 
Giving our Deputy instructions to act in the general Court in 
regard to these Colonyes being Decld Independent. 

Dated at Freetown, July ye -^nd, 177c,. 

Stephen Borden, ] 

Jo.xN. Read, ( Selectmen of 

Sam'l Barnabv, ( Freetown. 
Abner Winslow, 

Persuant to ye above warrent met and made Choyce of 
Mr. Stephen Borden moderator. Then Chose a Comite, mager 
Joshua Hatheway, Col. James Winslow, John Hatheway, to 
Draw up instructions for our Deputy. They accordingly Drew 
up and brought in ye following ones; 

Whereas, George, the Third, King of Greate Britain, in 
Violation of ye Principles of British Constitution and of the 
Laws of Justice and humanity. Hath, by an accumulation of 
oppressions unpariled in history, excluded ye Inhabitants of 
this as well as ye other neighboring Collones from his Protec- 
tion ; and whereas, he hath paid no regarde to any of our Remon- 
strances and Dutefull petitions for redress of our Complicated 
Grevinces, but hath purchased foreign Troops to asist in 
Enslaving us and Enciteed ye Savages of this Countery to 
Carry on a war against us, as also ye Negroes, to imbru their 
hands in ye Blood of their masters in a manner unpractised by 
Civilized Nations, and moreover hath Lately insulted our 
Calematyes by Declaring that he will have no mercey on us 
till he hath Subdued us; and, whereas, the obligations of 
alegence being reciprocal between ye King and his subjects, 
are now dissolved on ye side of ye CoUonies by ye Dispotism 
and Declaration of ye King, insomuch that Loyalty to him is 
Treason against the good people of this Countery ; and, whereas, 
not only ye parliment, But there is Great reason to beleave Too 
many of ye people of Great Britain have concured in ye aforesd 
arbitrary and unjust proceedings Against us; and, whereas, the 



Publick Virtue of this Collony, so esential to its Liberty and 
happiness must be indangered by a futer political union with, 
or Dependence on, a Crown and nation so lost to patriotism and 
magnanimity; We, the Inhabitants of Freetown, in publick 
Town meeting assemble, for giving instructions to our repre- 
sentetive by Direction from ye general Court, Do in publick 
Town meeting Vote and declare, and Direct our representetive 
to Declare in ye general Court that we are ready with our 
Lives and fortunes To Support the General Congress in Declar- 
ing the united american Colonies free and independent of 
Create Britain, and also Direct our said representetive to move 
in the General Court for ye Delegates for this Colony to be 
Directed to move for, and give votes for, said Independence, 
provided, that the internal police of this Government Be 
allwaise left to the people of the said Colony, and we declare to 
all ye world that we do not make this Declaration out of pride 
or Envy, but By the Dictates of the Laws of Nature, and 
appeal to ye Supreme Governor of the world for our Sincerity 
in the Declaration. 

The above instructions was Voted, and the meeting was 
Dissolved. 

But the town is not rid of all its Tories yet, as seen by 
the list of names voted for trial on May 31st, 1777: 
George Brightman, William Winslow, Luther Winslow, John 
Winslow, Jael Hatheway, Solomon Terry, Abiel Terry, Abiel 
Terry, Jr., William Hatheway, Silas Hatheway, 2nd, Silas 
Terry, Ebenezer Terry, Benjamin Thompkins, Ralph Pain, 2nd, 
George Chace, George Chace, Jr., Bradford Gilbert, Ephraim 
Winslow, Ammi Chace, Horah Durfee, Jonathan Dodson, Job 
Terry, Silas Sherman and Benjamin Cleveland, Abraham 
Ashley and John Briggs. Major Joshua Hatheway chosen 
agent, in behalf of town. 

At a meeting of the town May ■22nd, 1780, to consider and 
to take action in regard to form of government sent out from 
the conventions of this State, the following were chosen a com- 
mittee: John Hatheway, 2nd, William Winslow, Amos Snell, 
George Winslow, Philip Hatheway, Jr., Benjamin Reed, Joseph 
Norton, Peter Crapo and David Durfee. Reported (and 
adopted) as follows: 



We, the committee, being chosen by the town of Free- 
town, in the County of Bristol, at a public town meeting held 
on Ma)' 22nd inst., to' inspect into the form of government that 
was laid before us, have met together this 27th of May inst,, 
and do conclude and make over report to the town meeting that 
stands adjourned from May 22nd to this day, as follows: 

That, taking ye form of government into consideration, 
we do find articles appear inconsistent to that liberty that we 
have been contending for, namely: The third Article in the 
declaration of Rights for one the power of the Governor, for 
2nd the power invested in the House of Representatives, for 
3rd the manner of laying excises or duties on Manufactories; 
lastly, and we do finally give it as our opinion that it is better 
for us to be under the same form of government as we have 
held to ever since the commencement of this war until this 
unhappy contest is decided. 

Thirty votes for and sixteen \'otes against above report. 



•-.'4 



Slave Trade in Freetown. 



'11 T the beginning of Freetown's history the slave trade 
J A between Xew England and the AVest Indies had 
become thoroughly established, increasing yearly in its 
activities, with Newport as the chief market place. 

" This trade was conducted in sloops, brigantines and 
schooners, usually of forty or fifty tons. They carried 
small crews — the captain, two mates and six men, often 
including a cooper who set up barrels and casks. Taimton 
staves and Narragansett hoops were in much demand for 
this work. White oak staves went into rum casks, and 
red oak into sugar hogsheads. The average price of 
slaves was from thirty to thirty-five pounds per head." 

After the Indian wars were ended, and opportunity 
was afforded for cultivating the arts of peace, the inhabi- 
tants of Freetown became largely interested in shipping 
industries, opening thereby commercial relations with 
various ports and markets, and in a few years the sign of 
" \V. I. Goods" was displayed on the village stores, which 
were mure numerous in former times than at present. 

At that period sla\'ery was countenanced by all 
classes in church and state, and "negro boys and girls" 
were purchased on the same basis of utilit\' as sugar and 
molasses and merchandise in general. The early Free- 
town families invested in them presumabh' to the extent 
of their means, using them for farm labor and house 
service, as the\- had little adaptability for other pursuits. 
This traffic continued without interruption till the begin- 
nino" of the Revolution, when it was soon brought t(j a 



close, as it was scarcely possible for the small American 
vessels to escape being captured by the British cruisers 
lying in wait for them along the Atlantic coast. 

In ITS,'! it was abolished in Massachusetts by the deci- 
sion of the Supreme Court, but for a quarter of a century 
following, a considerable number of negro slaves survived 
in the communities to which they had been transplanted, 
and then, under the influences of an uncongenial climate, 
they rapidly passed away. History has little to tell of 
them. As individuals they were hardly known, except as 
some special incident brought them into notice, or their 
names were mentioned among other goods and chattels in 
their masters' wills. Jacob Hatheway, in his will written 
in 1754, gives to his children, three " negro boys," Hector, 
Benoni and Perow, and fotir "negro girls," Hagar, Dina, 
Jenne and Sealler. 

The graves of these children of service may still be 
identified in some of the ancient family burial grounds, 
huddled by themselves in the most obscure corners, at a 
respectful distance from the white man's resting place. 

The churches built during the colonial period were 
always furnished with " negro pews," which were situated 
in the remotest parts of the spacious galleries, and so 
firmly fixed was this custom that such pews were con- 
tinued in the old churches long after slavery had ceased to 
exist in any portion of New England. 



26 



An Indenture. 



THIS Indenture witnesseth that we, the stibscribers, 
Abnei" Winsh)w, Samuel Barnaby, Stephen Borden 
and Jonathan Read, selectmen of ye town of Freetown in 
ye county of Bristol, in ye state of ye Massachvisetts Bay in 
New England, yeomen, have bound Josias Hall, Indian 
man, to serve as a servant to labor for ye term of one 
year from ye date of this Indenture unto Philip Hathway, 
yeoman of said Freetown, during all which term ye said 
Josias Hall, his said master faithfully shall serve, his law- 
ful commands he shall gladly and cheerfully obey ; his 
secrets keep ; hurt to his said master he shall not do, nor 
wilfully suffer to be done by others, neither shall he 
absent himself from his said master's service either by dav 
or by night, without his master's leave or consent, but 
shall at all times behave himself as a faithful servant 
ought to do during the whole of said term ; and ye said 
master shall willingly furnish boarding and lodging suit- 
able for such a servant's term, and allow him such wages 
for his service as shall be thought or judged by impartial 
men that he shall earn by his labor for his master in said 
term. In witness whereof we have hereunto set our 
hands and seals this twenty-second day of April, in ye 
year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and 
seventy-nine, and in ye third year oi American Indepen- 
den 



ce. 



[Note] — Copied from an old diary. 



AlJXER WlXSI.OW, 

Sam UK I, I5AKN.\in', 
vSrEi'UF.x Borden, 
J()N.\THAX Read. 



Harriet Livermore. 



HARRIET Lh-ermore, the eccentric female preacher, 
visited Assonet several times in the early part of the 
last century, for the purpose of assisting at the "protracted 
meetings," Avhich at that period were convened occasion- 
ally in the Christian Church. Her personal appearance 
and her peculiarities of mind and manner are very 
minutely described in Whittier's "Snow Bound." 

The deacon's wife, who entertained her at such sea- 
sons, often found it a most difficult task to satisfy the 
requirements of so capricious a guest, and the minister's 
son, who was constrained to act as page in conveying her 
foot-stove to and from the church, gave ample testimony 
to the severities of his experience. 

On one occasion, in her character of "Vixen and 
Devotee," she enacted a violent scene in the pulpit on 
being referred to by one of the speakers as ' ' The sister 
who thinks she has had a call to preach." 

At her final leavertaking, with an evident desire to 
make amends for past misconduct, she presented a set of 
silver tea spoons to the deacon's Avife, who had served her 
so faithfullv. 



Church History. 



BY REV. LEONARD WOOLSEY BACON, D. D. 




]{ 



T the time when 
the broad terri- 
tory of • ' The Free- 
men's Purchase " be- 
gan to be slowly 
( iccupied by white set- 
tlers, the heroic age 
of the Old Colony was 
already past. The 
signs of that decad- 
ence had begun to 
show t h e m s e 1 \' e s , 
which illustrates the 
thesis maintained by 
Dr. Bushnell, that mi- 
gration is followed by 
a tendency to barba- 
rism. The heroic age 
was f oll< > wed by an age 
of land speculation. Not unnaturalh' nor t:nrcas( )nably the 
large immigration from i)\-cr sea and the natural increase 
at home directed the minds of the colonists to the prob- 
able future value of the unoccupied lands about them. 
The rules by which entrance into these lands was 
restricted were honorable to the wisdom and the righteous- 
ness of the colonial government. There was to be no 
scrambling, and no straggling of unorganized squatters 

29 



REV. L W BACON, D. D 



into the wilderness; and (whatever might be the assump- 
tions of right on the part of the British crown) the Indian 
title to ownership and jurisdiction was to be respected 
until superseded by fair treaty and purchase. The lands, 
having been righteously acquired, were to be entered 
upon by organized companies sufficient in numbers and 
resources for town government and defense, and for main- 
taining the school and the church. 

It was merely in the spirit of investment that, nearly 
forty years after the landing at Plymouth, a company of 
twentv-six of the second generation from the Pilgrims 
made "The Freemen's Purchase." Not one of the 
twentv-six became a settler on the newly-acquired domain, 
and the returns by sale were slow and uncertain. The 
desolations wrought through all this region by King 
Philip's War (l(ui)-i'>). were not promotive of settlement, 
and there are indications in the record that some of the 
earliest adventurers into the forest were no ornament to 
the Christian name. But, little by little, men worthier of 
the Pilgrim stock, heirs or assigns of the original pur- 
chasers, occupied the lots into which the Purchase was 
divided, and although no record appears of formal organi- 
zation for worship, we may confidently assume that before 
the end of the seventeenth century there was worship 
here in the cabins of the settlers, and gatherings, from 
time to time, in the name of Christ. The earliest public 
action towards the organization of the church is the vote 
of a town meeting June 10, l(i9'.j, proposing to build a 
house of worship at some point convenient to " our neigh- 
bors in Taunton" (meaning, doubtless, that part of 
Taunton which is now Berkley), in case these Taunton 
neighbors shotdd be willing to unite in the expense. The 
negotiation had no result, and nearly three years later 
(February, l~n-2] the town wisely resolved that the 
spiritual house should take precedence of the material 
one, and that no building should be undertaken at the 
town's expense until they had obtained the services of a 

bO 



minister, who should also be a teacher of the children. 
Not till two years later was one found to accept the double 
duty — William Way, who (doubtless with a well-grounded 
distrust of his own qualifications) professed his willing- 
ness to be content to receive for his labors in the gospel 
no more than should be freely offered him by the good 
will of the people. But, in the opinion of the Colonial 
government, the employment of William Way was not a 
sufficient compliance with the requirement that each town 
should maintain "a learned and orthodox minister," and 
after two years of his service the town found itself made 
the subject of a formal complaint from the Grand Jury for 
its delinquency in the matter. The town appointed Lieu- 
tenant Job Winslow, selectman, its agent, with a double 
commission ; first, to answer for the town before the 
County Court, and secondly to consult with the pastor of 
Taunton about having the schoolmaster duly ' ' appro- 
bated" as a minister. The double mission was a double 
failure. In January, 17n7, the schoolmaster-minister was 
dismissed, and a peremptory writ issued from the Court of 
General Sessions requiring the town to provide itself with 
a minister. This was the unhappy end of the town's first 
experiment in church work. 

The village statesmen were quite equal to the 
exigency. They met the demand of the Colonial Govern- 
ment with a counter stroke worthy of veteran diplomatists. 
At a town meeting March ^Ist, 17<»7, it was decided by a 
two-thirds vote to apply to the bishop of London for a 
Church-of-England minister. It is easy to conjecture the 
motives that led to this action. One was the wish to save 
themselves the expense of a minister's salary. Another 
was the working of Quaker principles of protest against a 
paid ministry, and of the Rhode Island principles (now 
the principles of all America) against the interference of 
the civil State with religious concerns. And I cannot but 
suspect that withal there was some soreness in the hearts 
of these Old Colony citizens at the then recent extinction 

81 



of their noble little independent republic, bringing them 
under the more theocratic and not always gentle jurisdic- 
tion of "the Bay." Unless we deny the leaders of the 
Old Colony all sense of humor, there must have been 
some gentle chuckling in that town meeting, in which 
•■more than two-thirds of those present and voting" 
answered the mandamus of the court by proposing to refer 
the matter to the bishop of London, and ask him to send 
a clergyman. It was a proposal offensive in the highest 
degree to the authorities at Boston, at which, neverthe- 
less, it was most unsafe for them to take offense. Prob- 
ably the Freetown people would have relished an English 
clergyman as little as the Boston Puritans, but the oppor- 
tunitv of turning thus at bay upon their new masters was 
too delightful to be missed. The implied threat so dex- 
terouslv conveyed had visible effect. Three years later 
(ITKm, when the town was preparing to build its first, 
meeting house, ;'>(i feet by i!(l, and Is feet between joints 
a lot of land for meeting-house, school-house, training 
field and burying ground was given by a Boston citizen, 
and a subsidy of twenty-five pounds was granted by the 
General Court, and bestowed by vote of the town on the 
Rev. Joseph Avery, whose brief ministry seems to have 
been acceptable and peaceful. But after his departure (he 
afterward became the first pastor of Norton) a sharp con- 
tention arose over the appointment of his successor, and 
when it had been voted by the town to call Recompense 
Wadsworth, at a salary of twenty pounds a year, John 
Read, Jr., protested against the "rash and heady" vote, 
on the three grounds that the town had no sufficient 
knowledge of the candidate's fitness ; that the appropria- 
tion of twenty pounds was contrary to the gospel; and 
finally, that the town had already voted to be supplied bv 
the bishop of London. The candidate (prudent man !) 
solved the contention by declining the call. He afterward 
became master of one of the Boston Free Grammar 

SchcM.ls. 




REV FREDERIC PLUMMER AND HIS WIFE, RACHAEL HATHAWAY PLUMMER. 





REV, JAMES TAYLOR. 



REV. BENJAMIN S, BATCHELOR. 



The records that follow indicate that a spirit of faction 
had taken possession of the little community. August 8, 
1712, "in order for the encouragement of the preaching 
of the word of God in the town," an appropriation of 
twenty-five pounds was voted for the year, but the candi- 
date who was introduced failed of general approval. A 
little later a vote to raise ten pounds to repair the meeting- 
house — then only three years old — was passed , against the 
recorded protest of five citizens, and it was more than a 
year before the completed house of worship was delivered 
to the selectmen for the use of the town. Meanwhile 
(June 2, 1713) the town had appointed one of its own 
citizens, "Jonathan Dodson, to be minister of the gospel 
for this town, until there is a supply from England, accord- 
ing to a former vote of this town." Mr. Dodson's pasto- 
rate seems to have continued more than two years — an 
unusual length of tenure in the Freetown of that period. 
At the end of his ministry some of the leading citizens 
offered their personal pledge of support to the Rev. 
Thomas Craighead, whose work proved so acceptable that 
after a few months a town meeting was convened (Sept. 
9, 1717) to decide whether Mr. Craighead should be 
invited to remain as the minister of the town ; and not- 
withstanding the recorded protest of five citizens alleging 
the insufficiency of the warrant and the ancient appeal to 
the bishop of London, a vote of 2.> to 3 committed the 
town to its responsibility for Mr. Craighead's salary. But 
so short-lived was his popularity that presently he had to 
sue the town for unpaid arrearages of salary, which were 
not paid until several of the citizens had been locked up 
in the debtors' jail. These energetic proceedings seem to 
have turned men's hearts once more toward the bishop of 
London, as appears from a vote of July ID, 1721, tender- 
ing the u.se of the meeting-house to the Rev. James 
McSparren ' ' to carry on the worship of God according to 
the true intention of his order." which was the order of the 
Church of England. ]\lr. McSparren was minister of 

34 



" The Narragansett Church," in Kingston, Rhode Island, 
the foremost representative in this region of that Society 
for the Propagation of tire Gospel in Foreign Parts, which 
was spending money profusely in the attempt to secure a 
foothold for "his order" in New England. This frank 
bid for a subsidy, with the offer of a church building, 
seems, strangely enough, to have met with no response. 

The reader will have been impressed throughout this 
dreary history with the fact that the church business was 
carried, on in town meetings, and recorded in the town 
records. This was the natural consequence of the vicious 
principle of the Massachusetts government, as distin- 
guished from the more liberal constitution of Plymouth 
and of Connecticut. By providing that the electoral fran- 
chise was to be conferred only on communicant members 
of the church, it had doubtless honestly intended to ennoble 
and spiritualize the civil state. The actual result, as in 
this instance, was rather to secularize the church. When 
the voters of the town and the members of the church were 
presumably the same persons, it would have been a mere 
scruple of formalism to insist that the town meeting should 
adjourn, and then come to order again as a church meet- 
ing. But the merger of the two meetings into one had the 
inevitable effect to make the church business a department 
of town politics. 

It is not in the least strange, neither is it discredit- 
able to the fathers of the town that these forty years of 
faction and unrest should have led their minds, by reac- 
tion, not only to the principle of which the Baptists were 
the strenuous champions, of the non-interference of the 
State in spiritual affairs, but also to the Quaker protest 
against a paid ministry. The affair with Mr. Craighead 
was practically the end, for a quarter-century thereafter, 
of efforts to settle a pastor of the town. 

But it would be a mistake to infer that there was here 
a break of continuity in the church history of the town. 
When official ministrations ceased in the town meeting- 



house, the meetings of Friends began to be frequented, 
and within ten years after the stormy close of the Craig- 
head pastorate, a Quaker meeting-house was built (1725 ?) 
and seems to have become the real religious centre and 
parish church of the town. " For at least half a century," 
it is alleged, "the Friends, or Quakers, were numerically 
the largest worshiping congregation in town, embracing 
the men of first minds, most money and best manners."* 
The meeting-house was built, a few miles north of the old 
town church near Mother's Brook, "near what is still 
called Quaker Hill, not far distant from the bleachery, and 
just across the street from what is known as the South 
School House." But the work of the Quaker meeting, 
interesting and valuable as it was, had no seed in itself 
after its kind. After a generation or two, the deserted 
chapel was removed to the northern edge of the town, 
where a more recent building now occupies the place of it, 
and is still used for worship by a congregation having few 
or no Quaker characteristics. 

At last, in the year 1717, it seemed as if a better day 
was dawning for the Freetown church. September 30th 
of that year took place the first distinct and formal organi- 
zation of a church, according to the order which the New 
England fathers had drawn from their studies of the New 
Testament, and two months later — December 2nd — was 
ordained to the office of pastor a man whose name deserves 
to be held in loving remembrance by later generations, 
Silas Brett. He was at this time about thirty years old. 
He was born in Bridge water, had studied at Yale College, 
had been a student of theology with the pastor of his 
native town, and before coming to Freetown had preached 
for a time at Easton. Many a foreign missionary has gone 
to his field with less evidence of the martyr spirit than 
was shown by Silas Brett when he came to re-open for 

*E. W. Peirce in '■ History of Bristol County," p 297. 

m 




■K-T. »».. 


'life. 


--?■ % 


'/I 


f'm 




■i- ^^ 




\ ■■m^« 






|^> 







DEACON BENJAMIN BURT. 



SINIA W. KING. 




RESIDENCE OF DEACON BENJAMIN BURT. 



Christian worship the deserted and ruinous church by 
]\Iother's Brook. Three days before his ordination as 
pastor, he subscribed and caused to be engrossed upon the 
town records a formal covenant, in which he bound him- 
self, thus: " That from the day of my solemn separation 
to the pastoral office in said church, and for and during 
the full term of time of my continuance in that office in 
said church, I will neither directly nor indirectly take 
advantage by the laws of this province to get a salary set- 
tled on me in the town of Freetown, but look for and 
expect my support by the free-will offering of the people." 
It is easy to refer this new quickening of church life, and 
this act of faith on the part of the new pastor, to that high 
tide of spiritual earnestness that began at Northampton 
about the year 1741 1, and is known as " The Great 
Awakening." One of the early fruits of Mr. Brett's min- 
istry was the gift by three of the townsmen, under date of 
April 13, 174s, of a farm of fifty-three acres, near the 
church, " for the use of the ministry, and for the benefit 
of the people in that part of the town forever." But there 
are small proofs that this example of liberality had any 
considerable following. The town was persistent in refus- 
ing all aid to the church, even so much as keeping in 
repair the meeting-house, which was its own property. 
Seven years after Mr. Brett's settlement it was voted 
(March 18, 1754) "that those that are disposed to repair 
the town's meeting-house so as to render it fit to meet in 
for worship, that they may have the liberty to repair the 
said house on their own cost and charge, and not at the 
charge of the town." Patient Mr. Brett pursued his course 
from year to year, supported by the glebe farm and a little 
stipend from the most ancient of Protestant missionary 
societies — that which was organized under the patronage 
of Cromwell in aid of the labors of Eliot and his fellow- 
workers, and which, being reorganized after the Restora- 
tion, was able to make a small appropriation for Mr. 



:!s 



Brett's preaching- and pastoral work among the dwindling 
families of Pocasset Indians near the Wattippa Pond. 
But it is evident that the high hopes of prosperity for the 
Freetown Church, which had been expressed in glowing 
language in the ordination sermon by Mr. Porter of 
Bridgewater, were never fulfilled. The volume of records 
so diligently kept by the pastor gives proof of his fidelity 
and devotion. But at the close of nearly thirty years, his 
letter of resignation, dated February 2-ith, 1776, recounted 
with unaffected pathos the hopes with which he had 
entered on his work, and his " waiting with long patience 
for those fruits which would have been more precious to 
him than the fruits of the earth are to the husbandman," 
and how, when doubts had arisen whether it was his duty 
to continue his labors in so barren a field, with much study 
and prayer to learn the way of duty, he ' ' could not see 
his way clear to leave his people, and therefore resolved 
to go on with his work, and endure hardness as a good 
soldier of Jesus Christ. And though since that, some 
small appearances of success in my work have repeatedly 
revived my former hopes and encouraged me to renew my 
labors and the exercises of patience, yet repeated disap- 
pointments, the want of support, the prevailing of secta- 
rian principles, and especially the public disputes of the 
country, in which Freetown has had an unhappy share, 
have brought me to think it my duty to ask a dismission 
from my pastoral office among you." 

The stormy church meeting which brought matters to 
this crisis had been held some fourteen months before 
(Lord's Day, December 11th, 1771), when 
" After the last prayer, a resolve of the Provincial Congress at 
Cambridge, recommending that Thursday, the fifteenth of 
December, be observed as a day of Thanksgiving, to render 
thanks to Almighty God for all the blessings we enjoy, and at 
the same time to humble themselves before God on account of 
their sins, &c., was publicly read. This done, Col. Gilbert 
rose and objected against observing that day. I told him I pro- 

39 



posed to take the minds of the assembly as soon as I was ready. 
I then told the brethren of the church that if it was their minds 
to receive the advice of the Congress, and observe the day 
recommended for those purposes, I desired they would signify 
it by holding up their hands. Esqr. Brightman interrupted us 
by alleging that I told them I proposed to take the minds of 
the assembly, bnt I now called upon my brethren only. I 
replied I thought it proper to take the mind of the church first, 
and then renewed my call to the brethren, and they unani- 
mously held up their hands. Then I told the assembly I 
desired all such from sixteen years old and upwards who were 
willing to join with the church in keeping the day recommended 
for the foresaid purposes, to signify it by holding up their 
hands, and a minor number did so. Upon this some cried out 
it was not a clear vote, and Abiel Henry told me he hoped I 
would call for a contrary vote. I replied nothing as I remem- 
ber. Col. Gilbert moved that the next Thursday seven nights 
might be the day. I replied: If any of them had a mind to 
keep that day too, I had nothing to object, but the church 
voted to keep the day recommended by the Congress. Col. 
Gilbert alleged that the Congress was an unlawful assembly, 
and that if we received their advice and observed the day 
recommended, we adopted all their resolves. I replied I did 
not think it a proper time and place to debate those matters, 
and the assembly being in a great commotion. Col. Gilbert 
moved that it should be put to vote whether they would keep 
Thursday se'nnight as a day of thanksgiving. Accordingly I 
proposed to those that remained in the meeting-house that such 
as were disposed to keep Thursday se'nnight as a day of public 
thanksgiving and humiliation should signify it by holding up 
their hands, and a number of those that didn't hold up their 
hands for keeping next Thursday, held up their hands, but 
whether a major or minor I couldn't tell. This done, they were 
in motion to go out of the meeting-house, till I told them I 
hoped they would not run away without the blessing, upon 
which they stopped, and the blessing was given. 

In such a storm as this it is no wonder that the frail 
little organization, which, in the fairest weather, had 
much ado to keep afloat, made shipwreck. Good Silas 

40 




CHRISTIAN CHURCH AND PARSONAGE. 




CONGREGATIONAL PARSONAGE. 
41 



Brett carried his gray hairs and his children with him to 
Easton, where he died in 1791, at the age of 75. Col. 
Gilbert, his antagonist, took refuge in the British 
provinces, and his property at the center of the village 
was confiscated. In the distractions of the War of Inde- 
pendence and the agitated period which followed, the flock 
was scattered as sheep having no shepherd. But these 
vicissitudes only serve to illustrate the inextinguishable 
vitality of the church. The meetings for worship had not 
long ceased in the old meeting-house by Mother's Brook, 
when other congregations began to organize themselves to 
provide for the needs of the people. Peace had not yet 
been restored to the country, when (February, 1781) was 
established a church in the southern part of the town, 
which is now the First Baptist Church of Fall River. At 
a still earlier date, apparently, a church was gathered at 
the southern edge of Assonet village, and one at East 
Freetown. It need surprise no one, in view of the past 
history, that all three of the congregations which suc- 
ceeded to the old parish church were identified with that 
denomination which is distinguished in all American his- 
tory as the foremost champion of the principle of the 
mutual independence of church and State — the Baptists. 
The congregation at Assonet built its house of worship 
(in the years 17'.t3-<)) on a sightly hill-top, where the line 
of its foundations may still be traced. And here seems to 
have been the principal center of the town's religious life, 
within the rigid lines of doctrine and discipline that then 
characterized all Baptist churches. But about the year 
IsnT a remarkable change took place, which may be 
referred to a combination of influences. The whole coun- 
try was feeling the "more abundant life" that pulsated 
through all the churches in that great revival at the open- 
ing of the nineteenth century, which has been called 
"The Second Awakening;" the reaction from the stren- 
uous and narrow dogmatism of the dynasty of the 
Edwardeah' theologians was rising to its high tide in the 

42 



Unitarianism of Boston, and making itself felt even at this 
distance from that centre, and with these remoter influ- 
ences was joined the influence of a powerful personality — 
that of the beloved and revered pastor of the church, 
Philip Hathaway. Under his leading nearly the entire 
church came to rentnince their adhesion to the tenets of an 
exaggerated Calvinism, and to the exclusiveness of the 
Baptist fellowship, and to range themselves with " The 
Christian Connection," which was just then beginning to 
crystallize about different nuclei in different parts of the 




CHRISTIAN CHURCH, EAST FREETOWN, 

country. The churches of this Connection in New Eng- 
land differed from the Congregational churches about 
them, in their protest against doctrinal tests as conditions 
of church fellowship, and against the requirement of a col- 
lege education in all candidates for the ministry. From 
the Congregationalists of the present day they differ in no 
definable particular, except that of being organized into a 
distinct sect. The current setting toward the new " Con- 
nection " was so strong as to take with it both the Baptist 
Churches in East Freetown. 

43 



At Assonet there were visible and material signs of 
spiritual vitality. The Baptist meeting-house, which for 
a dozen years had been occupied in an unfinished state, 
was now completed with lath and plaster, and simulta- 
neously those who cherished the memory or the tradition 
of the old parish church and of the godly ministry of Silas 




CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, BUILT 1809 

Brett began to bestir themselves. Many things had taken 
place in the thirty years since Silas Brett had withdrawn 
in sorrow from the scene of his disappointed hopes. 
Peace had settled down upon the once distracted town, and 
with peace had come prosperity. In Iso;^, the thriving vil- 

44 



lage of Fall River had been set off as a separate town, and 
the reason which had fixed the meeting-house at Mother's 
Brook as central to the town had ceased to exist. There 
could have been little left but a ruin of the poor shell of a 
building which for nearly a century had passed through 
such vicissitudes of use and neglect ; consequently, when 
the revival of the church led to the erection of a new house 
of worship in the year 1809, there could be no hesitation 
in placing it at the natural centre of the newly delimited 
town — the "Four Corners" of Assonet. As there must 
have been small remains of the old meeting-house, so 
there could have been but few survivors of the little com- 
pany of twenty-one persons who constituted the church at 
the time of Mr. Brett's dismis.sion. The church and 
society which undertook the work of building, was practi- 
cally a new organization, and we cannot but admire the 
zeal and self-denial that disposed their scanty number to 
undertake a church building, which, in point of costliness 
and of architectural pretension, was so far in advance of 
anything previously attempted in the town. 

The Christian community of the town of Freetown 
was thus organized for Christian work, worship and fel- 
lowship, substantially in the form which cDatinusj to this 
day. The two hamlets of East Freetown were provided 
with chapels, and the village of Assonet was doubly pro- 
vided. Some of the more notable facts in the external 
history of the church since this time may be thus bri,efly 
stated. 

About the year l.s;-i2 the old Baptist meeting-house 
that had stood for thirty-four years, and for twenty-five of 
them had been occupied by the " Christian " congregation, 
was superseded by the neat and commodious structure that 
still stands close alongside the foundations of its prede- 
cessor. 

In the year IStis, on the occasion of the presentation 
to the North Church by Dr. Nathan Durfee, of Fall River, 
of an organ of thirty-eight stops, an addition of twenty 



feet was made to the length of the church, providing thus 
an orofan-room and choir loft, and in the basement a con- 
ference room; the galleries were lowered, and other im- 
provements were effected. 

In IsK.'i the South Church underwent extensive im- 
provement and embellishment, and a parsonage was built. 

In isDCi the old Friends' j\Ieeting-House, which many 
years before had been moved from " Quaker Hill " almost 
to the northern boundary of the town, was torn down, and 
the present building erected. 

In r.M»l the quaint mansion known as the Captain 
Rufus Bacon place, Avas bought for a parsonage to the 
North Church, and largely repaired. 

The following is an incomplete list of those who have 
serA'cd the town in one connection or another, in the min- 
istry of the gospel: 

n\' THE roiry church. 

1704-17f»<',. William W.w. 

1710-1711. JOSEI'H AVLRV. 
171:1-1715. JOXATI-IAX DoDSDN. 

171(1- . Thomas Craighead. 

17-17-1 77<1. Sm.as Bkett. 

rx THE ASSOXET BAPTIST CHURCH. 

(Incorporated by Act of General Court, June -IW, 171*7, but 

Earlier Organized. ) 

. David Simmons. 

ls()7. Philip Hathaway. 

IN THE ASSONET ''CHRISTIAN" CHURCH. 

(Organized Alay, lso7.) 
Is(i7_is21. Philip Hatilwvaa'. 
lsi'-l_is;!2. James Taylor. 
ls:-i;!-is:!4. William Coe. 
ls;U-ls:i7. AiiXER Jones. 

ls:is . Gardner Dean. 

l,s;',s-is:',!). D.VNA Bkadkord. 
ls-|-()-is4-l-. Ja.mls Taylor. 

46 




ls-l-4 
is 49 

is:, -2 
ls:,4 

IS.-.Ci 
ISCl 

isc,,-) 
isc.T 

IS(il) 

IsTo 
IsTi' 
is 74 
is 74 
IS 7.-. 

lSi»l' 
1S!».-) 
ISilR 



-1S47 


-is.-il. 


-1S.>! 


-IsnCi. 


-ls.-,s 


-ISCi.-) 


-Isc, 7 


-1 still. 


-ls7ii. 


-1s7l>. 


-1S74. 


-is 7:.. 


-1S1I2. 


-isii.-. 


-ISiiii 

.... 



REV, P. A. CANADA. 

James S. M.k.wvell. 
vSamiel S. White. 
Frederick I-lummer. 
Albert G. C()mix(;s. 
(tEorce W. Kelt(in. 
N. vS. Chaiiwick. 
Abraha.m Jackson. 
A. A. Williams. 
John Burbaxk. 
R. B. Eldridce. 

O. J. H.VNCOCK. 

W. Ct. Wade. 
W. (). Sweet. 
Benja.mln S. Batchel(.)R. 
Abraham L. Bean. 

G. A. Cl INI BEAR. 

P. A. Canada. 

47 




:;^^2^W ; 




^H^^B^I^^BhS 






Mh 


^ 







REV, A G DUNCAN. 



REV. FRANCIS H. BOYNTON. 



/.V 77//: NORTH CHURCH, ASSONET. 
(Constituted by Council, April 26, 1807). 



1 SI )7- 




Curtis Coe. 






1 S(ll)- 




Luther Leland. 






IsKi- 


-isil 


Calvin Park. 


1 s 1 •>- 




George S. White. 




1 s 1 .V 




Philip Colby. 




1 s 1 \)- 


-ls-i(i 


Charles Nichols. 


1 s-io- 




Otis Lane. 


I.S22- 




James Gurnev. 






1sl'7- 





Joseph P. Tyler. 


1 s-j.\)- 


-\s?a; 


Stetson Raymond. 


ls::!7^ 


-1S4.-, 


E. W. Robinson. 


1S4.5- 


-ls4ti 


Charles Chamberlain. 


1S4S- 


-1853 


Samuel Woodbury. 


1S53- 


-1855 


John E. Cory. 


ISoti- 


-i8t;7 


Abel G. Duncan. 

48 



I,s(;7-l.s71 
]s71-is7-i 
Is7'2-l.s74 
]s7.")-ls7(; 
1S77-1.S7S 
l,s7!)-l ssu 

l,S,S()-lSMt 
lS<>iUlS91 
lSlt,S-l!Mll 
liiul 



Francis H. B(n'XT()x. 
GKOKdK W. Hathaway. 
William H. Cuti,er. 
W. A. Tkxxkv. 
Will C. Wood. 
F. F. Williams. 
(iKoKc.L F. Walker. 

J. J. Si'ENCER. 
WlLLL\M F. W.VRREX. 

Lkon,\ki) Wooi.sev Bacon. 




RESIDENCE OF MRS SAMUEL S. BARNABY. 



4'.> 




CLAMBAKE GROVE. 



The A.SSONET Clambake. 



TT HISTORY of Freetown would hardly be complete with- 
yA out some account of the Assonet clambake, given for 
so many years under the auspices of the Christian Church 
Society as almost to be reckoned in among its institutions. 
The idea of a bake as a means of raising money for the 
church originated with Swansea, and Assonet was the first 
to follow her lead. The first bake here was held in isdti, 
and the thirty-fourth and last in Is'.*!). ^Vhen the bake 
was proposed, there were many elderlv conservatives to 
prophesy failure, but gradually patience and youthful zeal 
won the day. Willing helpers cleared Thresher's Grove, 
dug the clams, and supplied the vegetables from their own 
gardens. About three hundred dinner tickets were sold 
this first year, and the sale steadily increased until one 
year as many as eighteen hundred seats were taken. The 
average number sold was one thousand, the supplies 
necessary for this number being estimated at sixty bushels 
of clams, four barrels of sweet potatoes, three hundred 
pounds of fish, one thousand ears of corn, and two hun- 



dred pounds of dressing. The dimensions of the bake 
were twenty-five feet by eight feet. Three cords of wood 
heated the stones, which were then covered with rock- 
weed and canvas. 

There were otlier means for raising money on the 
grounds : a fancy table furnished by the Sewing Society, 
an ice cream booth, and cake, candy, iiower, sandwich and 
coffee tables. These were common features of every 
bake. A variation appeared one year — iscs, in the shape 




B F. AIKEN. 

of The Assonet Messenger, a four-page sheet, one-fourth of 
it reading matter, dealing with c\-er\-thing from praise of 
the clambake to the description of a Chinese wedding, the 
remaining space taken up l)y advertisements of Taunton, 
Fall Ri\'cr and Providence firms, friends of the bake pro- 
moters. An unexpected diversion was furnished in Istiii 
by the September gale. .Man_\- of the guests found their 
way home again in spite of falling trees and toppling chim- 
nevs. The ]Vhat Cheer, however, could not return to 

51 



Providence until the next day, but lay all night tossing off 
Cudworth's Wharf, while her passengers found impromptu 
lodging and entertainment in the homes of the villagers. 
Although in most respects the Assonet clambake was 
like any similar institution, it was unique in this, that it 
came to be the day of the year for meeting old friends and 
renewing old associations. For many years it was 
Assonet's Old Home Festival, looked forward to with 




THOMAS LEEBURN. 



eagerness, and remembered with pleasure. In time there 
grew to be a lessening of interest and a falling off in 
attendance, and finally the bake was discontinued alto- 
gether. The reasons for its decline are not far to seek. 
Many of its old patrons had either died or moved away 
from this section of the country, and .secondly, competition 
had entered in to make it impossible that any but the 
fittest clambake should survive. The ubiquitous trolley- 
car and the frequent park and shore resorts, with their 
daily menu of baked clains, have come off conquerors. 



School History. 



BY MRS. PAUL M. BURNS. 



y\URING the colonial and the provincial periods, the 
-L' power to select teachers and to regulate the schools 
was vested in the town as a corporation, and not in any 
particular officer of it. From the year 1683 — the date of 
the incorporation of Freetown as a town — until 170;.', we 
find no records of school affairs, but in the latter year 
Robert Durfee, at a town meeting, was chosen town's 
agent, to obtain a man " to dispense the gospel and teach 
the children readin and ritin." Two years later William 
\Yay accepted the trust, serving as minister and school- 
master until ITuT, when, by vote of the town, he was dis- 
missed. Subsequent ministers inust have served as 
schoolmasters, though no mention is made of the fact in 
the town records. 

May 1.5, Ills, the next mentioned date, the town 
" mayde choyce of Jacob Hatheway to seek for a school- 
master." In October of the same year " Thomas 
roberts " was allowed thirty-six pounds for one year's ser- 
vice " at three several places: Walter Chase's, at or near 
John Rowland's, public meeting-house." Roberts and 
the town did not agree, and at a meeting held February 
14, 17:^1, it was voted " to seek a new schoolmaster." The 
next few years it would seem that the matter of education 
was neglected, as there were repeated actions taken at 
various town meetings, but nothing definite done. In 
17:ii' the town voted "to erect two schoolhonses at the 
middle of each half of the town from meeting-house or 

53 



center." School was to be three times removed during 
the year : "First, at meeting-house, second, lower part 
of town, third, upper part of town." In IT^T these two 
buildings were sold at public auction, one for two dollars, 
the other for five dollars. We next learn that in 17-2^i 
William Gaige was employed to teach school for one year 
for thirty-two pounds, he to provide his own board. 
During the three following years his successor, William 
Caswell, taught, with an increase in salary of six pounds. 
July 10, 172!), it was voted to build tAvo schoolhouses. No 
record can be found of their locations. When we take 
into consideration the fact that at this time — l7;-5(t — there 
were fewer than eighty families in all the wide extent 
from Quequechan Falls to Stacey's Brook, and then, fur- 
ther, think of this territory as a vast wilderness infested 
with wild animals, we shall not be surprised that children 
were not sent to school, or that the town was repeatedly 
indicted for not ' ' having a schoolmaster as the law 
directs." 

Ephraim Tisdale, in ITi."), sold to the town "land 
with house thereon, situated between said Tisdale's home 
and vSonet Ould Bridge for loo pounds old tenor." Tis- 
dale was to furnish convenient seats and tables, and it was 
agreed that it should be finished to the "turning of ye 
key." The location of this building was in the village, a 
little south of the fountain, and on the opposite side of the 
street. It stood for twenty-seven years, and was then 
destroyed by fire. Shadrach Hathaway was in all prob- 
ability the first teacher of this school. Tradition says he 
was a college graduate. He died December 3, 1749, at the 
age of thirty three, and lies buried on land owned by the 
late Daniel Macomber. He was one of the original mem- 
bers of Silas Brett's church. In May, 1748, it was voted 
to build " a schoolhouse twenty-four feet long and twenty 
feet wide, upon land in centre of town, near or upon spot 
on which ould schoolhouse stands." A building com- 
mittee was chosen, but on January -27, 175ri, this commit- 

54 



tee was dismissed, and " choyce mayde " of Nathan .Sim- 
mons to finish said house. Thus we see that this build- 
ing was in process of construction for seven years. 

In 1747 what is known as New or East Freetown was 
added to Freetown, and in 17.j»i and 1757 the people of 
that section were allowed a proportion of the school 
money. Their first schoolhouse was erected in 1762, by 
Captain Elisha Parker, at a cost of twenty-one pounds six 
shillings. It was to be shingled "ruff and sides," and 
fvirnished with seats, and a " gude " brick chimney. It 
was located near Mason's Corner. 

In 177(1 the town allowed sixty dollars to the people 
over the " Great Ponde " to reimburse them for building a 
schoolhouse. In August of the same year the town voted 
to " Jas. Tisdale twenty-four pounds eleven shillings to 
keep school in New Freetown twelve weeks, in old part of 
town fourteen weeks, and at Assonet sixteen weeks." 

The following is the enrollment of pupils in the town 
February -JX, \77-2, Elijah Briggs, teacher: 

Caleb Briggs. 
Rhody Briggs. 
Ruth Negus. 
Edward Braley. 
Isaac Borden. 
Benjamin Brayton. 
Peleg Brayton. 
Ruth Borden. 
Charles Durfee. 
Mary Borden. 
James Borden, Jr. 
Parker Borden. 
Abner Borden. 
Abe Butler. 
Sam. Sherman. 
Aaron Borden. 
John Chace. 
Isaac Hatheway. 
Peres Sherman. 



1. 


Nathan Borden, 


20, 


•> 


Patience Borden. 


31, 


3. 


Hannah Borden. 


22. 


4, 


Lucy Durfee. 


23, 


5. 


Nathan Durfee. 


24 


0. 


Simeon Borden. 


25. 


7. 


Judith Borden. 


26, 


8. 


Phoebe Hatheway. 


27, 


11. 


Robert Hatheway. 


28, 


10. 


Prudence Hatheway. 


29. 


11. 


Perry Borden. 


30 


12. 


Stephen Borden. 


31, 


13. 


Lemuel Chace. 


32, 


14. 


Betty Borden. 


33, 


lo. 


William Durfee. 


34 


IG. 


Jami:s Gifford. 


35 


ir. 


Sjkphen Gifford. 


30. 


IS. 


Elihu Gifford. 


37, 


i:). 


Fri;elove Borden. 


38, 



:5'.i. Ruth Negus. -tO, Ezra Borden. 

40. Isaac Butts. 5(). Alder.man Negus. 

■41. Rebecca Durfee. 51. Jane Hatheway. 

42. Israel Perry. 52. Joshua Hatheway. 

43. George Read. 53. Susanna Bowen. 

44. Eliza Borden. 54. Thomas Durfee. 

45. Henry Hatheway. 55. Susanna Borden. 
40. Abijah Durfee. 50. Thomas Turner. 
47. Abel Borden. 57. Mary Gifford. 
4,S. Richard Borden. 58. Aaron Turner. 

50. Ezra Luther. 

One hundred j^ears later, March 1, lsT2, the enroll- 
ment was two hundred and sixty. Elijah Briggs was 
succeeded in 1772 by Shadrach Winslow, who was em- 
ployed to teach two months in each section for twenty 
shillings per week with an additional allowance of six 
shillings per week for board. Winslow was the son of 
James, and the grandson of Captain Josiah Winslow and 
was born December 17, 175(i. He entered Yale College 
in 170S, was graduated in J 772, and began teaching in 
that year. In l7s:i he married Elizabeth Robbins and 
settled in Foxboro', where he practiced medicine. May 17, 
177;!, the town ^•oted to build a schoolhouse at Assonet, 
" on spot of one purchased from Ephraiin Tisdale in 1745, 
completed in 1740," that one having been destroyed by 
fire. This house was for many years the place where the 
town meetings were held. Joshua Howard Brett, son of 
^linistcr Brett, taught in this building. He afterward 
remo\'ed to Delaware Co., New York, where he practiced 
medicine. From 177M to 17Itl there are no records 'of 
interest in education. In 17'.il the number of school dis- 
tricts was seven : 

Xo. I, the south part of the town, now Fall River, 
consisting of forty-seven families; 

Xo. II, from Valentine's Brook* to what is known as 
the Barnaby place, fifty-two families ; 

'•■This was a favorite resort of Abigail (Durfee) Valentine and after her 
death, it was referred to by her children as "Mother's Brook," by which 
name it is now known. 

.-)6 



No. Ill, from the Barnaby place to the foot of Ridge 
Hill, including Bryant's Neck, fifty families ; 

No. IV, Assonet, fifty-eight families ; 

No. V, Slab Bridge and "Backside,"* forty families; 

No. VI, the di.strict east of Bolton's cedar swamp, 
forty families ; 

No. VII, the district westward from "Ye Greate 
Watuppa Ponde," seventeen families. 

In iT'.ts the state required supervision of its schools. 
The ministers of the gospel and the selectmen, or a com- 
mittee specially chosen for the purpose, were required to 
visit and inspect the schools once in every six months. 
This visitation was a formal and solemn affair. The dig- 
nitaries heard the classes read, examined the writing and 
ciphering books, and departed, leaving on the records 
their testimony to the good behavior and proficiency of 
the scholars. The chief text book in those days was the 
New England Primer, printed between 1786 and 1790. 
It contributed, perhaps, more than any other book, except 
the Bible, to the strengthening of those sturdy qualities 
that insured to America her liberty and her free institu- 
tions. The print was small, irregular and hard to read. 
The eyes that pored over it by fire-light op-by candle-light 
must have ached. It contained some curious cuts of 
animals and odd looking trees, but the children whi) read 
its pages never heard of Nature study. The onlv histor\- 
studied was that found in the Bible. Xot very much was 
known about the size and .shape of the world in those 
early days, and indeed such knowledge did not seem 
important to the people. The world was a place to fight 
in and to die in. The writing books had copies set bv 
the teacher. While she mended pens (goose quills), the 
children brought up their exercises for inspection. Se\'ere 
was the punishment for a blot, and happy the child who 

*" Backside" was the term used by the people living on the east side 
of Bolton's cedar swamp to designate the district lying to the west of said 
swamp. 

r>-7 



could write write well, for graceful penmanship was con- 
sidered a great accomplishment. "Doing sums" was no 
trifling matter, although it made no demand on the rea- 
soning powers of the child. The work was done by rules 
easily learned and applied. Examples in multiplication 
having as many as fifteen figures in each factor were but 
ordinary feats of skill. George H. Martin says, "In its 
tax upon the mental power of children the arithmetic work 
of a hundred years ago was play compared with modern 
requirements." 

It was not until 179.j that Freetown, in compliance 
with the state law mentioned above, saw fit to choose her 
school committee. It consisted of Nathaniel Morton, Ben- 
jamin Durfee, and Benjamin Weaver. They had special 
instructions to divide district No. V, and in September, 
1796, rendered the following report : "that the Chipway 
road, so called, be the dividing line in said district ; that 
the school house be erected a few rods northwesterly from 
the house of Capt. Peregrine M^'hite, this district to be 
known as No. VIII, the other part to be still known as 
No. V." New buildings were erected by George Taber in 
each district, and were ready for use in 1798, the cost to 
the town for the erection being £^>5, id. each. This same 
year, 179S, " Assonet district was subdivided to be known 
as No. IX and No. X. The children north of Capt. William 
Read's place, on Taunton road, to attend No. IX, and 
those north of the Tisdale lot. No. X." The school build- 
ings were erected, the one near the residence of the late 
Philip J. Tripp, the other at the top of the hill, a little 
west of the home of Col. Richmond. 

The latter schoolhouse was built by Siineon Webster, 
for the su.m of one hundred and forty dollars. It was 
twenty-five feet wide by thirty feet long, with eight-foot 
posts. The walls inside were covered with matched pine 
boards, and it was plastered overhead. There were two 
windows on the front or east side, one on the south, two 
on the west, and none on the north. The door was in the 

58 



northeast front corner, and opened into a six by six foot 
entry, partitioned from the main room by unmatched 
boards. A door with a wooden latch and a leather string 
opened into the main room. There were no shades to the 
windows, no maps nor pictures. In the north end was a 
large fireplace, in which four-foot wood was burned. At 
the right was the desk, which was simply a frame of planed 
pine boards three by six feet, standing four and a half feet 
high. The desks for the older pupils were pine planks 
two feet wide, arranged in a continuous line around three 
sides of the room. These planks were fastened to the 
walls by cleats, and were inclined toward the centre of the 
room. The seats were a continuous line of planks on 
uprights, at the height of a chair, and without backs. 
Seated in this way the back of each child was toward the 
centre. The younger children sat on benches made by 
boring holes in planks, into which short legs were placed. 
These, too, had no backs. There was no receptacle for 
books and slates, except now and then a small individual 
drawer hung underneath the plank desks. The building 
committee would not accept this house after completion 
" unless said Webster would relinqiiish $8, which he did." 
In 1835 seventy scholars attended this school. 

The Assonet district now had seventy-eight families, 
and maintained two schools. "The north subdivision 
included children from the Ould Bridge to Capt. Wm. 
Read's ;''• from the west end of Water street to the home of 
Nat Hatheway " + The south subdivision extended from 
" the foot of Ridge Hill to the Ould Bridge, including all 
families on Terry Road." The schoolhouse was first 
located near the site of the present Christian Church, but 
was afterward removed to the site opposite the Pound. 
Not long ago the hearthstone of the old schoolhouse was 
discovered lying beneath the walk in front of the Christian 
Church. 



*The site of the bouse now owned by Jliss Sarah Porter. 
+The site of the house now occupied by Mrs. Mary Fletcher. 

.59 



It would seem at this time that the districts were 
growing more responsible for the support of the schools 
and that the executive duties were being vested in the 
district committees. In ls03 was established the custom 
of the selectmen of calling a meeting of citizens in each 
school district, and of choosing a committee of three to 
" superintend the business of said district." Each district 
was to have the care of the schoolhouses, and keep them 
in repair, " on its own account." This same year — 1803 — 
the south part of the town was set off, and known as Troy. 
This necessitated a change in district lines, and in 1805 
Benjamin Weaver, Charles Strange and Job Morton were 
chosen ' ' to revise districts and adjust arrears of schooling 
from 1801 to l.sO."!." By reference to the preceding pages 
it will be seen that districts I and VII now belong to Troy. 
Districts formerly II and III were united as South District 
No. I ; Assonet West, No. II : Assonet East, No. Ill, late 
No. IX (Tripp's), now No. IV; late No. X (Forge), now 
No. V; late No. V (Slab Bridge), now No. VI; late No. 
VIII (Peregrine White's), now No. VII ; late No. VI (East 
of Bolton's cedar swamp), now No. VIII. 

"Amount due each district according to recorded 
report of committee : 

South District. No. ] $ls7 91 

Assonet West, No, 9. o2 :!8 

Assonet East, No. :] 41 §9 

No. 4 74 17 

No. r, 59 15 

No. (i 24 60 

No. 7 49 30 

No. S 54 50 

Benjamin Weaver, ) 

Charles Strange, Committee. "■ 

Job Morton, \ 

About the year lbi)4 a new schoolhouse seemed neces- 
sary in East Freetown, and Col. Benjamin Weaver, Wil- 
liam Rounseville and AVashington Hathaway were chosen 

60 



a committee to inspect all the town schools, and report. 
They reported the need of a school in the neighborhood of 
" Backside," and recommended that it be built on land 
belonging to Shubel Rowland, located a short distance 
north of the residence of Alden Lucas. In the same year 
the town voted to purchase " a lot of land that belongs to 
Wm. Leiniard, for a schoolhouse for the northerly part of 
A.ssonet district, if it can be purchased forSlO(»." A build- 




THE OLD TOWN HOUSE 

ing of two rooms was desired, which should be known as 
the Town House, and should be " for the reception of the 
poor, and to keep school in forever." The old house near 
Assonet Bridge was to be sold at public auction. The 
committee appointed reported at a subsequent meeting 
that, in their opinion, this building could be erected for 
eight hundred dollars. In lS((i» Dean Read was allotted 
the contract to build it, for eight hundred and fifteen dol- 

(51 



lars. The old school building was sold at auction for three 
hundred and ninety dollars, and finally became the 
property of Captain Edmund Hathaway. 

The first election of a general school committee was 
made in lsl3. This committee consisted of Joseph 
Weaver, Earl Sampson and Hercules Cushman for the old 
part of the town, and William Rounseville, Job Morton 
and Malachi White for the new part. But the people were 
so dissatisfied with this plan that the following year they 
voted to " return to plan of 1803." April 19, lsl4, it was 
voted that " Capt. J. Strange, Major Jos. Weaver, Capt. 
Benj. Lawton, Edmund Pierce and Capt. Lynde Hathaway 
for the old part of the town, and Job Morton, Esq., Deacon 
Abram Ashley and Mr. Josiah De Moranville for the new- 
part, be a committee to divide, subdivide and revise the 
school districts, as shall be found indispensable." August 
lo, lsl4, they rendered the following report; "Begin- 
ning at the dividing line between Freetown and Troy, 
with the house and family of Stephen Barnaby and 
Ebenezer Miller, from thence on post road northward and 
eastward to Ephraim Hathaway's and to Wm. Borden's 
north line, 21 families making District No. I ; hence, along 
post road, including house of Pearce Phillips,* and all fam- 
ilies on Bryant's Neck, to John Dene's, foot of Ridge Hill, 
2t> families making District No. II; from guide post near 
the old Quaker meeting-house, and from post road south- 
easterly on Bedford road to Cedar Post, or the house of 
Jacob Hatheway, all families within reach. District No. III." 
A school building situated between the house of Silas 
Terry and that of Samuel Bragg was probably the one 
used for this district. District No. IV extended from 
"the foot of Ridge Hill to Four Corners, including the 
widow Sarah Chase, containing thirty families; District 
No. V from Four Corners on both sides down Water 
street, westly from the house of Elder Philip Hath- 
away, to the house of James Marbel comprising twentv- 

"Now the residence of Frank F. Terrv. 

63 



nine families." The school building was located a little 
west of the gunshop. "Beginning with Washington 
Hathaway's family on the north side of Water street to 
Four Corners, up both sides of Taunton road to home of 
Captain Bliffins ; on Plymouth road to house of Nat 
Hathaway ; from guide post at Mill Bridge, on Slab Bridge 
road to home of Dan Hathaway )-31 families, known as 
District No. VI. Forge district to continue and remain 
in statu quo, 30 families, District No. VII ; lastly all families 
on Taunton Road, from Captain Bliffins' -to T. F. tree,* 
13 families. District No. VIII." 

In 1^15 the town chose a general school committee, 
while the residents in each district chose a "prudential 
committee," frequently referred to as school agents. "The 
school committee were to judge the qualifications of school- 
masters ; the school agents were to notify the proper 
inhabitants of districts in which they respectively resided 
to attend school meetings whenever required to do so by 
the people thereof." The committee for the new part of 
the town reported the necessity of a division of the dis- 
trict known as "Backside" and recommended the erection 
of a schoolhouse nearer the Furnace. This building was 
completed in Isls on land of Cornelius Chace at the east- 
ern extremity of the Chace road, and was used for school 
purposes until the year Ls<ll or 1S(;'2 when a new school- 
house was built several rods west of it, and the old one 
sold to Reuel Washburn. In isK; the two districts south 
of Ridge Hill were united, but in 18ii(i the records show 
that their school building was burned. When rebuilt it 
was located on land of Captain Job Terry, near the present 
site of C. P. Hathaway's harness shop. It remained here 
many years, but finally, in consequence of the increased 
population on Bryant's Neck, it seemed desirable to 
change the district line and move the building farther 
north. Captain Terry strongly objected and forbade the 

*Taunton-Fieetown tree. 

63 



removal. The following is the action of the town relative 
to this matter: A'oted that "the whole difference as to 
division lines between districts be referred to a committee 
to consist of three persons, and said committee be and are 
hereby authorized to establish such lines conditionally or 
absolutely as school committee shall think expedient;" 
and voted that "the school committee be a committee to 
settle difference in districts I and II agreeable to vote on 
E. P.- Hatheway's motion." The committee evidently 




OLD SOUTH SCHOOL HOUSE 

[From Paintlug by M. £. N. Matiieway.) 

sided with the majority, for the building was moved in 

spite of Captain Terry's protestations, and the next year, 

IsJrL', the town voted to pay him $5.44 which he had 

expended in instructipn of school in district No. I." 

The old building near the dwelling of Thomas Lucas, 

was in l.s-23 removed to the , Braley district and situated 

where the "Chipway road and Proprietors' way cross." 

The town voted "$.")0 to defray the expense of removal 

and putting in repairs." The five districts in New or 

64 



East Freetown are now known as Quanapoag No. IX ; 
Slab Bridge No. X; Braley No. XI; Mason's No. XII; 
and Furnace No. XIII. 

In 1S43 was published the first report of a school 
committee to the citizens of the town. The election of 
school committee for a period of three years was first made 
in ls.")S. Thomas G. Nichols was elected for three years, 
Philip J. Tripp for two years, and George Tyler for one 
year. 

In isod the Forge district was divided and a school 
maintained near Seth Rowland's home on the Rowland 
Road. How long this continued is uncertain, but prob- 
ably several years. The "Old Forge" held its last session 
during the winter of ls:,(\ and '.'m , with Rev. A. G. Com- 
ings as teacher. The present Forge School building was 
erected in isiiri. In the meantime some of the children 
were sent to the village school, and some to an improvised 
school opened in the "corn crib" which stands in the yard 
of the late Daniel Macomber. In iSoO Districts No. VI 
(\"illage), and No. X (Slab Bridge) were united, and in 
the following year Districts No. A" (Water Street) and No. 
\'III (Tripp's) were added thereto. 

The next important question to be decided was the 
abolition of the school district system. A great majority 
clung to this system with unyielding tenacity, but the 
good sense of the people finally prevailed, and, after the 
question had been submitted to them for five successive 
years, it was carried in Isil!) by a vote of forty-three to 
forty. The threatened loss of sevent}'-five dollars of the 
State School Fund undoubtedly helped the citizens to vote 
on the right side. Massachusetts in Ls.s'i made the aboli- 
tion of the school district system compulsory, thus ending 
one of the longest and most stubbornly contested contro- 
\'ersies in the school history of the state. 

In the early part of Isrtii a new house was built in the 
south district, the scholars attending, during its erection, 
the neighboring school most couA-enient for them. After 

65 



the completion of this house the Pound school was dis- 
continued and the scholars in that district were added to 
the South and Village districts, which gave the oppor- 
tunity, so long desired, of grading the village school. 
In this same year, isCii), the old buildings known as the 
Pound, Forge, and Tripp were sold and subsequently 
converted into dwelling houses. 

Although improvements have been made in school 
accommodations and management from year to year since 
1S6!:>, few of them are noteworthy. The school-rooms 
today are well lighted and well ventilated and as efficiently 
equipped as the average country school. The teaching 
force is good. The text -books since 188^ give equal 
opportunities to all. When we hear people sigh for the 
good old days, "when I was a boy," we should know 
that education fifty years ago consisted of memory tasks, 
mostly meaningless, to which children were driven by 
fear of the rod. Of the numerous teachers who were 
employed here during some part of the century just 
closed, few believed in sparing the rod. But memory 
dwells rather upon the patience and tact of those instruc- 
tors, and calls up many names ever to be honored and 
cherished. Among them may be mentioned Stephen 
Crary, Harriet Briggs, Philip J. Tripp, Walter D. Nich- 
ols, Elizabeth G. Hathaway, Susan Phillips, Nancy Gray, 
Jennie Harper, Minnie Chace and Melora Whitcomb. No' 
doubt there are others, but the writer's attention has been 
directed to these as deserving of special mention. 

From among those who have contributed to the cause 
of education, the name of Florence Hathaway, now Mrs. 
Crowell, should not be omitted. To her belongs the 
honor of being the first woman in this town to exercise 
her privilege of voting on school affairs. She was also 
the first woman here to serve in the capacity of school 
committee, to which office she was elected in March, 
1891. Though no longer a resident, her influence is still 
felt, and will continue to be felt by rising generations. 

66 



In March, ls9U, Freetown v(jtecl to unite with any 
other town or towns in the employment of a district 
superintendent of schools ; but it was not until ten years 
later, April, IIMki, that a union with Swansea and Seekonk 
was effected and a superintendent employed. This may 
be considered the last important change in the educa- 
tional system of this town. May its citizens constantly 
strive to cultivate a progressive spirit in the conduct of 
its schools, with open mind to recognize the best and will 
to appropriate it, for in public education lies social safety. 

An article of this kind would hardly be complete 
without some mention of the private schools which existed 
in such numbers in the past century, and of which Freetown 
had her share. In ITIMI the town voted "to give the use 
of the schoolhouses within the town, when not in use by 
the town," for private schools. It would be impossible 
to mention all who taught private schools, but a great 
injustice would be done should the name of Pulcheria 
Cordelia Olivia Bump fall into oblivion. Mrs. Bump 
was an Olney, and it is said, was connected with the 
family of ex-Secretary of State Olney. ' Her home was 
at Providence, and it was while a student at Brown 
University that Dr. Bump became acquainted with her. 
They were subsequently married, and located here about 
Isls. The Paddock house became their permanent home. 
Here Mrs. Bump opened a private school and taught 
music, painting, embroidery and French to the young 
people of the town. Dr. Bump gave instruction in Latin. 
Mrs. Bump was a woman who awoke the admiration of 
all with whom she came in contact for her pleasing man- 
ners and easy conversational power. Her influence in 
arousing their ambition and in forming their taste was 
an appreciable factor in the lives of all her pupils. To 
her may be given the credit of much of the culture and 
refinement here today. 

In the upper part of the gambrel-roofed house on the 
north side of the "A,ssonet Great Bridge" was a hall in 

G7 



which Benjamin Crane kept a private school of much 
note. He was the father of Edward Crane, wlio at one 
time edited an American paper in Paris, and who ren- 
dered assistance to the Empress Eugenie in her flight 
from France. 

^lany other men of recognized educational ability 
have gone forth from this little town and held honored 
places. It is not the purpose of this chapter to summar- 




RESIDENCE OF WILLIAM DEAN. 

ize all the various individuals who have been teachers 
or been graduated from the higher institutions of learn- 
ing. Yet it is a noteworthy fact that on the records of 
Berlin University, of Holyoke, Brown, Yale, Harvard, 
Union, Smith, Radcliffe, Cornell, and Wellesley Colleges 
of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, of the Wor- 
cester Polytechnic and Pratt Institutes, may be found 
enrolled the names of the sons and daughters of "Yc 
Ancient Town of Freetown." 

68 




■ a 



GUILFORD H, HATHAWAY LIBRARY. 



The Guilford H. Hathaway 
Library. 



'HE GUILFORD H. HATHAWAY LIBRARY is a 
pretty little building occupying a central position in 
AsHonet Village. It was built in lSl.t5, and given to the 
town by Miss E. Florence Hathawa)', now Mrs. J. F. 
Crowell, as a memorial of her father. The gift was 
especially appreciated by the people, because they had 
grown to realize that the town-office, which had served 
them as library for three years, was quite inadequate to 
their growing needs, besides causing much inconvenience 
to the town officers. This makeshift library was, however, 
an important step in the right direction, and one for which 
we have again to thank Miss Hathaway. It was she who 
by her own personal efforts so interested the town in the 
question, that finally at the Town Meeting held in March, 
1S92, it was voted to organize a library. Mr. George B. 
Cudworth, Mr. Gilbert AI. Nichols and Mi.ss Hathaway 




'were appnintecl as trus- 
tees, and the appropri- 
ation of twenl)'-ii\'e 
■ dollars made, neeessary 
to establish a eUuni on 
the one hnndred dol- 
lars otTered by the 
State. The State sent 
promptly its mone)- 
equi\-alent in books, 
and the library was 
begnn. Books were 
distributed and re- 
eeived twiee a week, 
]\Iiss Hathaway giving 
her serviees as libra- 
rian every Thursday 
afternoon, and Mr. Cud- 
, worth and Mr. Niehols 
alternating on Saturday 
nights. To meet the 
growing demands of its patrons, Miss Hathaway solieited 
money, and received encouraging returns from Mrs. 
Rachel Plummer, of Assonet, Mr. Bailey Evans, of Provi- 
dence, and Mrs. Mary M. Gager of Brooklyn, N. Y. 
When the library began to outgrow its limits, and there 
was talk of moving to another part of the Town Hall, Miss 
Hatha\va\- came forward with her generous proposition, 
and the present library was the ultimate result. Mr. John 
D. Wilson ga\-e the lot, the charge of building was under- 
taken b\' Mr. Cudworth and Mr. Nichols, and the work 
was promptly and satisfactorily carried through. The 
library was ready for the public in the fall of 1895, and at 
once found eager and appreciative patrons. Its main room 
is amply lighted day and evening, and is furnished with a 
reading-table well-stocked with current magazines and 
weeklies. These are a gift from the ladies of the Tuesdav 



GUILFORD H, HATHAWAY 




MRS J F CROWELL 
(FormcTly E. Florence II vihauav ) 

free in consideration 
of her services as libra- 
rian. Miss Charlotte 
Nichols has kindly t^'iv- 
en much of her time 
on Saturday evenings. 
The town has ne\'er 
ceased to be grateful 
for JNIiss Hathaway's 
gift, and appropriates 
annually an increasing 
amount for its mainte- 
nance. This and the 
income derived from a 
bequest of $.">(»(» made 
by Mrs. Gager in iSDii 
insure to the t<_)wn a 
steady and satisfactorv 
growth in one of its 
most useful institu- 
tions. 



Club, an organization 
also owing its origin to 
Miss Hathaway. The 
volumes now number 
about twelve hundred 
and fifty. They are 
selected by the trus- 
tees, ilr. Cudworth, 
Mr. Nichols, and Mrs. 
H. M. Irons, the la.st 
elected to take Miss 
Hathaway's place 
when she gave up her 
residence herein 1895. 
The building has no 
regular attendant, but 
is placed in charge of 
the postmi,stress who 
has her office here rent- 




71 



JOHN D WILSON 



Military History. 



BY COL. SILAS P. RICHMOND. 



'HE WRITER fully realizes that this brief chapter 
will not do justice to the subject in hand; but he 
will make it as broad and comprehensive as his ability 
will permit, and vouches for its truthfulness as far as his 
knowledge extends. 

During the struggle of Plymouth Colony with the 
Indians, that portion of the country which later became 
the Freemen's Purchase was mostly occupied by the red 
men. Hence we find but few white men from that local- 
ity mentioned in the Indian wars. Samuel Nash, the 
owner of the twenty-first lot, where Assonet now stands, 
commanded a force against the Indians in 1645. And 
there were some men from this section who served with 
that great Indian fighter, Colonel Church. Colonel 
Thomas Gilbert commanded a company in the forces sent 
to Cape Breton in lTJ-;">. Later he was lieutenant colonel 
of Second Regiment, Bristol County Militia, under Colonel 
Ezra Richmond, and fought in the French and Indian 
War. He was a Tory and commanded a battalion in the 
King's forces in the Revolutionary War, and General 
Gage sent him an "espontoon." 

For a long time Colonel Gilbert was a man of wealth 
and a leader in As.sonet ; and many men who were secretly 
Whigs dared not declare their principles for fear of him. 
But later the Whigs obtained control and Colonel Gilbert 
was driven out and his property confiscated. Captain 
Ambrose Barnaby was one of the most wealthy men in 



Freetown in 17r,n, and at that time lie was a Tory, but 
later he became a Whig and exerted great influence in the 
Patriots' cause. 

Captain Levi Rounsvill was a Tors' in ITds, but later 
became a Whig, and was captain of the Minute Alen of 
Freetown who responded to the first call, known as the 
"Lexington Alarm," April lit, 177.V The roster of the 
company was as follows; — Captain, Levi Rounsvill; 
Lieutenants, Samuel Taber and Natt_Morton ; vSergeants, 
John White and Consider Crapo ; Corporals, Joshua Law- 
rence and Seth Hilman. Privates, Pliilip Taber, Uriel 
Peirce, Benj. Lawrence, Abiel Cole, Consider AVhite, Jesse 
Keen, Jacob Benson, John Clark, John Braley, Percival 
Ashley, Ichabod Johnson, Michael Ashley, Seth Morton, 
Jeff Sachems, Israel Haskell, Louis DeMoranville, Abram 
Ashley, Charles DeMoranville, Aaron Seekel, Abner 
Haskins, Benjamin Runnells, Thomas Rounsvill, Peter 
Crapo and Joseph Hacket. 

The first company of militia was formed in Freetown 
in l(i.s3, and was commanded by Thomas Terry. This com- 
pany retained its organization for more than one hundred 
years, and had two terms of service in the War of the 
Revolution, and was commanded in that war by Captain 
Benjamin Read. The roll of the company in ITsd, was 
as follows : — 

Captain, Benjamin Read ; Lieut., Philip Hathaway Jr. 
Ensign, Benjainin Evans; Sergts., Guilford Evans, Sam- 
uel Hathaway and .Silas Hathaway ; Corps., David Doug- 
lass and John Payne; Musicians, James Winslow and 
George Winslow ; Privates, Ephraim Briggs, John Briggs, 
Abner Briggs, Daniel Braman, Isaac Burbank, (rreenfield 
Chace, Jesse Cudworth, Gilbert Chacc, George Chace Jr., 
Richard Clark, Fairfax Chace, Thomas Evans, John Evans 
Jr., Guilford Grinnell, Daniel Grinnell, Benjamin Grin- 
nell, Jonathan Hathaway Jr., Seth Hathaway, Joseph 
Hathaway, Robert Hathaway, James Hathaway Jr., Silas 
Hathaway, Eben Hathaway, Peter Jucket, Job Keen, 



AValter Nichols, Solomon Payne, Warden Payne, Job 
Pavne, Benjamin Porter, Samuel Richmond, Ruftis Ray- 
mond, William Read, Isaac Record, Charles Strange, 
James Strange, Lot Strange, Job Terry, Solomon Terry, 
Abiel Terry Jr., Benjamin Weaver, David Winslow, 
Oliver Winslow, William Winslow, Richard Winslow, 
Ezra Winslow and Thomas Winslow. 

The second company of Freetown, Capt. Henry 
Brightman, and the third company of Freetown, Capt 
James Norton also participated in this campaign. These 
companies served in a regiment of which John Hathaway 
was Colonel; Sylvester Richmond Lieut. -Col. ; Manasseh 
Kempton and Joseph Durfee Majors. Capt. Benjamin 
Weaver commanded a company in the Patriot Army and 
was promoted to Lieut. -Col. July lo, ITss. 

Col. Joseph Durfee commanded the forces which 
repelled the British attack on Freetown at Fall River, May 
2"), 177n. Capt. James Richmond and Jonathan Rich- 
mond were in the marine service of the Patriots, 177>S-8(i. 

Jail Hathaway and George Chace were captains in 
Col. Thomas Gilbert's battallion of Tories. 

David Valentine of Fall River, in Freetown, was the 
general of the Bristol County men in the Shays Rebellion. 
He fled to England after the defeat of the rebels, but 
afterwards returned and was pardoned. No other promi- 
nent men in Freetown were with the rebels at that time. 

Capt. Benjamin Weaver, who commanded the first 
Company of Militia in Freetown at that time, by the vigi- 
lance of himself and his men, saved the government sup- 
plies from falling into the hands of the rebels. 

Freetown furnished two companies in the War of 
lsl'2. The ro.ster of the first company was as follows: 

Captain, Lynde Hathaway; Lieut., Thomas Burbank ; 
Scrgts., Joseph Evans, Preserved Cotton and Joseph 
Evans 2d ; Musicians, Calvin Payne and William Winslow ; 
Privates, Zephaniah Andros, Thomas Booth, William 
Burr, Luther Briggs, Isaac Burbank, Josephus Briggs, 

74 



John Briggs, Stephen Burden, Holder Chace, Edmund 
Chace, Simeon Chace, Samuel Chace, Gilbert Chace, James 
Chace, John D. Cudworth, Michael Chace, Daniel Doug- 
lass Jr., Paul Davis, John Dean, John Dean 2d, Ebenezer 
Dean, King Dean, Benj. Dean Jr., Joshua Downing, Wil- 
liam Evans, Lemuel Edminster, Ephraim Hathaway, Dan- 
iel Hathaway, Lot Hathaway, Michael Hatha^^•ay, Joseph 
Hathaway 2d, Ennis Hathaway, Jason Hathaway, Henry 
P. Hathaway, Noah Hathaway, Bradford Hathaway, John 
Haskins, Malachi Howland, Seth Howland, Enoch Hath- 
away, Silas Hathaway, Philip Hathaway, Malbone Hath- 
away, Joseph Marble, Ebenezer Miller, Mason Martin, 
Charles Marble, William Nichols, John Nichols, Henry 
Payne, Baalis Phillips, Peirce Phillips, Solomon Payne, 
Abram Payne, George Pickens, Adino Paddock, Henry 
Porter, John V. Pratt, John Read, Dean H. Read, Joseph 
Read, Thomas Randall, Benjamin Raymond, Abram 
Richmond, Isaac Richmond, Samuel Richmond, Gilbert 
Staples, John Strange, Joshua Seekel, Joseph Terry, 
Thomas Terry, Silas Terry, John Wilkinson, James Web- 
,ster, Darius Wilbur, Barnaby Winslow, Ephraim Wins- 
low Jr., Gilbert Winslow, Kenelm Winslow, William 
Winslow. 

The roll of the second Company was as follows : 
Capt., Simeon Ashley; Ensign, Samuel Macomber; 
Sergts., Bishop Ashley, John Rounsvill, Gilbert Rounsvill, 
Philip Taber, John Allen, Benjamin Ellis, Josiah 
DeMoranville, and Clark Haskins; Musicians, Ephraim 
Gurney and Thomas Rounsvill Jr. ; Privates, Abram Ash- 
ley 2d, Abram Ashley ;id, Taber Ashley, Thomas Ashley, 
Leonard Ashley, Jonathan I-raley, Job Hraley, Abiel 
Briggs, John Bent, Asa Clark Jr., Joseph Clark, George 
Cummings, J. Cummings, William Case, Frederick Down 
ing, James Gorham, David S. Hathaway, Philip Hath- 
away, Natt. Hathaway, Natt. Jucket, David Lawrence, 
Spencer Lawrence, Asel Lucas, Hezekiah Mason, Xoah 
Perkins, Ira Pittsley, Abram Pittsley, x\lexander Pittsley, 



James Pittsley, ^like Reynolds Jr., Wilbur Reynolds, Luther 
Rogers, Silas Rounsville, John Tobey, James White, John 
White, :Malachi White, Samuel White, Jr.,Wm. Westgate. 

Company "G" of Assonet in Freetown was chartered 
on petition of Robert P. Strobridge and fifty-two others. 
The petition was granted in General Order No. 1:^, Boston, 
Alass., June 7, ls.")(i, "providing that within six months at 
least forty-eight men shall be enlisted." Silas P. Rich- 
mond, John W. Marble, Ebenezer W. Peirce and George 
D. Williams signed the enlistment paper on June 8, ls5n, 
and forty-seven others signed within the next two days. 
On June 14, Is-'iO an election of officers was ordered in 
General Order No. 14, directed to Robert P. Strobridge. 
June -2'.), ls,")() officers were elected asfollows: Capt., Eben- 
ezer W. Peirce; 1st Lieut., Augustus C. Barrows; 2nd 
Lieut., Giles L. Leach; :!d Lieut., John W. Marble; 4th 
Lieut., Daniel H. Cudworth. By General Order No. 78, 
July 't, is.-iO the Company was lettered "G," and attached 
to the ;!d Regiment, '2d Brigade, 1st Division, M. V. M. 
Julv 1", l'^'''> Robert P. Strobridge was appointed first 
sergeant and clerk. 

The first duty of the company was in the escort at the 
funeral of President Taylor in Boston, August l."), isTiU. 
During the following ten years the company was com- 
manded by Captains Augustus C. Barrows, John W. Mar- 
ble, Silas P. Richmond, James i\l. Mathewson, and John 
^V. Marble a second term. Company G was the school 
of the officers and fortv-two of the soldiers of Freetown 
who fought in the war to preseirve the Union. 

In the Civil War of 1MI1-."|, Freetown responded nobly. 
At that time there were two hundred and forty men in 
town between the ages of eighteen and forty-five who were 
able to do military duty. Of these, one hundred and 
fifty-five men enlisted and served the United States, 
many of them serving two and three terms each; and 
of these, eiglitecn ivcre coinuiissiojicd ojficcrs, including one 
General, two Colonels and a Major. A large number of them 

70 



laid down their lives, on the field of battle, in the hospi- 
tals and in the rebel prisons, for the Union they lo\-ed. 

The " ]\linnte Men" from Freetown avIio went to 
the front April IT), Lsiil, were: — I'l'iR- fTcnei^al Ebenezer 
W. Peirce ; Capt. and A. D. C. Silas P. Richmond; Capt. 
John W. Marble; 1st. Lieut. Humphrey A. Francis; iid 
Lieut. John j\l. Deane ; Seri^ts. James H. Hathawav and 
(jcorge D. Williams; Corps. Frederic Thayer and Chester 
W. Briggs; Privates James C. Clark, James H. Haskell, 
Russel Haskins, Ephraim H. Haskins, Charles R. Has- 
kins, George H. Haskins, Urial M. Haskins, David B. 
Hill, Russel H. HathaAvay, John Malcom, Cokmibus 
Peirce, Luther Pickens, (reorge F. Putnam, Edward E. 
Read, AVelcome H. Richmond, James H. Whittaker and 
Benedict A. AVinslow. 

The Freetown men Avho went into the field with the 
;-!d Regt. jMass. Vols, in iSfli', were: — 

Col. Silas P. Richmond; Capt. John W. Marble; 
Sergts. James H. HathaAvay, Stephen Hathaway and 
Frederic Thayer; Corps. Urial M. Haskins, Ephraim H. 
Haskins and David B. Hill ; Privates Albert B. Ashley, 
Francis G. Briggs, Franklin J. Chace, vStimner J. Chip- 
man, George Duffee, Andrew T. Hambly, George H. 
Haskins, James H. Haskell, Otis Haskell, Aaron D. 
Hathaway, Andrew J. Hathaway, Lynde Hathaway, 
Andrew J. Horr, vShubael G. Howland, Thomas W. :\lur- 
taugh, George A. Paine, Edwin H. Rennis, Edwin S. Rouns- 
ville, Simon D. Rounsville, Asa Sjjooner Jr., Benedict A. 
Winslow, George F. Wilcox and ^larcenah B. Wilcox. 

The men from Freetown enlisting in the I'iHh Regt. 
Mass. Vols., were: — Col. P2benezer W. Peirce; Major 
John M. Deane; Capt. George D. Williams; Lieut. Charles 
G. Bosworth; Corp. ^Martin \'an B. Haskell; Musician 
James Booth; Privates John Bo(_)th, Abram Haskell, Eph- 
raim Haskell, William Haskell, Henry L. Hill, Michael 
Malony, Albert R. Pittsley, James Pittsley, William 
Pittsley, Culbert Reynolds, Cornelius Westgate, Elisha 



Westgate, Elisha B. Westgate, John Westgate, Joseph 
Westgate, Joseph L. Westgate, Preserved "Westgate and 
Edward Wilbur. 

The Freetown men who joined the .">sth Regt., Mass. 
Vols., were: — Col. Silas P. Richmond; Lieut. Ephraim 
H. Haskins; Sergts. Aaron D. Hathaway and Abram 
T. Haskell ; Corps. jMarcenah B. Wilcox and Peter A, 
]\Iaker ; Privates Francis G. Briggs, Thomas Brown, Enos 
B. Payne, Philip A. Wilcox, Alson G. Ashley, Abiel 
Hathaway, David B. Hill. William E. Pratt, William S. 
Winslow, Jonathan Hervey, Richard A. Macomber, George 
E. Patterson, Charles H. Read, Octavius A". Robinson and 
Benedict A. Winslow. 

The men from Freetown who served in the -I'ld Unat- 
tached Co., Mass, A'ols., were: — Capt. John W. Marble; 
Lieuts. Urial M. Haskins and Chester W. Briggs; Sergts. 
Fred. A. Thayer, Sumner J. Chipman and Andrew J. 
Hathaway; Corps. AVelcome H. Richmond, George H. 
Haskins, Franklin J . Chace, Edwin T. Rounsville, Edwin 
R. Philips, Wm. R. Dean, Andrew J. Thresher and Eugene 
Flathaway ; Privates Alexander E. Bragg, Ebenezer Briggs, 
Svlvester R. Briggs, Azel Chace, George B. Cudworth, 
Reuel W. Davis, ( rcorge H. Dean, Albert A. Evans, 
Andrew T. Hambly, Abram H. Haskell, James H. Has- 
kell, William Haskell, Job. T. Hathaway, Lynde Hatha- 
way, Samuel C. Hathaway, George O. Houghton, John 
H. Kennison, Simeon C. Leach, Job F. Lucas, Peter A. 
]\lakcr. John H. Nichols, Charles C. Payne, Henry Fj. 
Payne, Lewis P. Phillips, William Pratt, William H. Pratt. 
John B. Re ISC, Philander Rounsville, Hiram H. Simmons, 
William Thorpe, Joseph B. Weaver, Thomas Westgate, 
Ambrose B. Winslow, Joseph W. AVinslmv, Kenelm 
Winslow, William H. WinsloAA- and Ellery Wyatt. 

The Freetown men in the L". .S. Navy were: — Engi- 
neers, Elbridge Lawton and Andrew Lawton ; Ensign, 
H. Elbridge Tinkham ; Pilots, James W. Burr and William 
Read; Seaman, R. A. ^Macomber and John H. Peirce. 



The following FrectoAvn men served the I'nited 
vStates in ls(;i-i;."i in other organizations than those before 
mentioned: — Capt. Albert B. Ashley, 4th Mass. Cav. and 
U. S. C. T. ; Capt. Darius A. Cudworth, Isth Mo. Vols. ; 
Capt. James R. ^lathewson, Tth^Mass. \"c)ls. ; Lieut. (leorge 
Durfee, 4th Cav. and U. S. C. T. ; Lieut. ( leorge H. 
Winslow, 2<>th Mass. Vols. ; Henry H. vSproat, AL D., 
Asst. Surg., U. S. C. T. ; Capt. Hiram B. Wetherell, (J. M., 
U. .S. A, ; Horace G. Ashley, Francis Allen, John H. 
Alton, Alson G. Ashley, Alonzo H. Braley, Philo L. 
Braley, Cornelius E. Bliss, Robert Brand, George W. 
Burnham, Thomas E. Bliffins, Franklin G. Chace, Fisher 
A. Cleveland, William A. Case, Azel Chace, Joshua Els- 
bree, George W. Ellis, William H. Fisher, (Mexican 
War ), Charles Gallinger, Herbert L. Hathaway, Calvin 
Horr, James Hervey, William H. Henderson, Robert S. 
Jenkins, George McCully, Samuel A. Macomber, Richard 
A. Macomber, John H. Peirce, Eber A. Ray, John Sulli- 
van, Calvin Thomas, Jr., James F. Vinal, Francis H. Vinal, 
Lemuel A. Washburn. 

As a majority of the people in Freetown had relatives 
or especial friends in old Company (t, Mrd Regt., M. V. M., 
I have deemed it proper to add a few fiirther items in its 
historv. It has already been told that its first tour of duty 
was in the escort at the Taylor funeral in Boston. Its 
next tour of duty, out of town, was at the annual brigade 
muster in East Bridgewater in vSeptember, Is.'.o, less than 
three months after its organization. And at that muster 
Co. G bore off the honors at the prize drill of all the com- 
panies in the brigade. Company G was also in the escort 
at the reception of the Prince of Wales in Boston in IMW). 
Its service in the war was as follows: — April ir>, Isd], at 
ten o'clock P. M., Brig. Major George Clark, Jr., arrived 
from New Bedford on horseback with orders for the com- 
pany to report in Boston the next day. At 4 p. m., April 
IC), we took the cars for Boston, — in the hurry some of the 
members of the company were not warned, — and on ar- 



c 



rival was quartered in Old Colony Depot hall for tlaat 
night. At (! P. i\I., April 17th, we marched to the Stat 
House to receive equipments. Overcoats, flannel shirts, 
knapsacks, haversacks, tin cups, knives and forks and can- 
teens were issued. Thence we marched to Central Wharf 
and on board the steamer vS. R. Spaulding. Citizens cheered 
as we marched through the streets, and a salute of cannon 
and small arms was fired from Central Wharf as the 
steamer dropped into the stream. On the, morning of the 
Isth we sailed under sealed orders. Nine miles at sea our 
sealed orders were opened and we found our destination to 
be Fortress Monroe, Va. On April litth, the anniversary 
of the battle of Lexington, the National and State colors 
were hoisted and saluted and the day duly commemorated. 
April L'Oth we arrived at Fortress Monroe; landed and 
stacked arms on the Parade Ground, and slept a few hours 
in the sun. At -i P. j\I., on the saine dav, after a light 
ration, we were ordered on board the U. S. Gunboat 
Pawnee. Ammunition was issued, and we sailed at .').;'>o 
P. M. for X(3rfolk Xavy Yard, passing, without molesta- 
tion, obstructions in the channel, a seven gun battery at 
Sewell's Point and Forts " Norfolk" and " Nelson," all in 
p'ossession of the rebels. We arrived at the Navy Yard 
at '.• p. m., 7'crr narrowly escaping being fired upon by the 
entire broadsides of the. Men-of-War vShips "Pennsylva- 
nia " and " Cumberland," having been, by them., mistaken 
for enemies. On discovering who we were a cheer arose 
from the Cumberland, which we answered, and the bands 
on the other ships played National airs. We found the 
U. S. ships ilerrimac, Germantown and Plymouth already 
scuttled and sinking. All hands were ordered ashore to 
assist in burning and destroying the Navy Yard. We 
took the Cumberland in tow and arrived back at Fortress 
}\lonroe at d A. ]M,, Sunday, April -21, very tired and 
hungry, having been without food for eighteen hours. 

During the following three weeks we had short 
rations, hard fare and hard work. May (1 there was a 

80 



terrible tempest and gale ; no shelter for the men of 
the reserve guard, and it was so dark that the sentries 
could not walk their beat. May lil we exchanged our 
ragged clothing for a light flannel uniform furnished b\' 
jMassachusetts. June :i4 the company Avas detailed to gar- 
rison Fort Calhoun — on the Rip-Raps — in Hampton 
Roads. Under the direction of General Butler we fired the 
"Sawyer Gun" at the rebel battery at Sewell's Point. 
This gun carried a shot seven miles ; it afterwards burst 
at Newport News, Va., killing and wounding several 
Union soldiers on the day of the Monitor and Merrimac 
fight. July 1() the company was ordered to Fortress Mon- 
roe and sailed for Boston on the Steamer Cambridge. July 
19th, we arrived in Boston Harbor and encamped on Long 
Island; July -22. was mustered out. July jf;!, we landed in 
Boston and received a grand welcome from the citizens of 
Boston, and after the parade,we were dismissed on the Com- 
mon. We arrived at our Armory at Ti p. m. the same 
day. The citizens all turned out to meet us. The Armory 
was decorated in fine style. The young folks of the vil- 
lage gave the company a complimentary Ball in the 
evening. August 14, U. S. Paymaster Usher paid the 
companv off at the Armory in gold — Captain, $4-lM .-!(i ; 1st 
Lieut., §;!."i."'i,.s'.» ; 2d Lieut., $;!;!9..VS; 1st Sergeant, $T.s.4i' ; 
•2d vSergeant, S<',s.(;i; Corporal, $."i."'i.,"),"^i ; Private, $+'.». di'. 

The many millions of people in this great "Land of 
the Free and Home of the Brave" are always glad to re- 
member and honor our soldiers who fought and suffered 
to maintain the Union we all love. At the same time they 
do not forget the widowed inothcrs who ga\-c their sons, 
and the brave wives who ga^•e their husbands to the ser- 
vice of their country. In the heat of battle there comes 
to the soldier a spirit of daring and he becomes almost 
reckless in his advance; and even when bayonet is locked 
with bayonet, and the result is uncertain, the desperation 
of his efforts diverts his mind from the grim issue, and he 
conquers or falls, almost unconscious of the danger. Not 

SI 



so with the dear ont-s at lionic — they were always ^•iewi^g■ 
the ehanees ; now with Ijoilin;^' anxiety, and anon with 
freezini;- horror. Let ns revere the j^'reat army of brave 
hearts who suffered at home. Some of them are still with 
ns, many have passed to the beyond, and wc can only 
honor them in memory. Amon;^- the last, I wish to name 
Irene Isabel Payne Peiree. who, after the repulse at Big- 
hJethel, held up the hands of her faltering husband, and 
Avith the aid of two of his former Staff Oflieers, did far 
more than the publie ever knew to reinstate that husband, 
and to complete the recruiting of the liDth Mass. Vols., 
which later performed such gallant service in the field. 
Such mothers, Ax'idows and Avi\-es deserve monuments as 
grand and lasting as an\' erected in memor)' of the most 
gallant soldier whn fell in battle. 

Ai.iJKKT P).\kTi,KTT AsIll.l•:^■, son of Elbridge G. and 
Henrietta AI. ( Booth ) Ashley, was born in Lakeville, 
September s, ls:',s, and was educated in Lakeville and 

Wareham schools. A 
sailor and mate of a 
merchant ship before 
the rebellion, he en- 
li.sted in the LT. S. 
Navy in May, Lsdl, 
and ser\'ed on the 
frigate Mississippi, of 
which Admiral Dewey 
was then Lieut. -Com- 
mander. He was dis- 
charged in June, 1 St;2, 
at expiration of term 
of enlistment. He 
enlisted in Company 
A, :;d Mass. Vols., 
in August, isci:^, was 
ace red i te d to t h e 
(luota of Freetown. 




CAPT. ALBERT B, ASHLEY. 



83 




LIEUT. CHARLES G 



and sei-ved thronyh the 
campaign in North Car- 
olina. He enlisted in 
4th Mass. Ca\'., Decem- 
ber 21, ls(;:;, and served 
in Sonth Carolina and 
Florida, takino- part in 
the battles of Gainsboro, 
Honey Hill and Poeotal- 
igo. He was promoted 
March \-2, Isc,.",, to I'd 
Lieut., iMst Regt., U. S. 
C T., was on garrison 
duty in Fort Johnson, 
Jones Island, Fort Wag- 
ner, Morris Island, and 
commanded the com- 
pany on picket duty 
in the rear of Charleston, 
tain in ]\Iarch, bsCiCi. He was on detached service as 
quartermaster of marine transportation at Hilton Head 
from July, Isiiri until April, JscCi, then mustered out and 
honorably discharged. Appointed Light Keeper at Ba_\' 
Point, Port Royal Harbor, in ^Ia\-, iMiCi, he served until 
April, IsCiT. He was on the Police force in Taunton, 
]\Iass., during the remainder of isiiT, and until December, 
iMi'.i. Appointed by a LSoston comp;uiv as general mana- 
ger of coal mines in Indiana and Illinois, m December, 
LSiiO, he served until his resignation in bs'.»L' : then he be- 
came consulting manager of same mines until the present 
time. For seventeen \'ears he has liecn connected with 
the lecture board of the Crand Masonic Lodge of Masons 
in Illinois, and is now Crand Lecturer. lie was married 
at Hilton Head, S. C, Oct. ;!(i, ISd.-, t,, Janette W. Miller 
of Declham, Mass. Children; — Jennie W . , born Septem- 
ber .5, bsCC; Albert M., May l», IM:!. 

CiiARLKS (t. Buswori'ii, s(jn of William S and ALu-a 
W. Bosworth, was b<.)rn in Reholjoth, i\Iass., Scptemljer 



He was promoted to Cap- 



lit, l,s:-l(i; educated in Rehoboth schools and learned the 
carpenter's trade. Me came to Freetown in 1S50 and 
worked at his trade in the " Furnace " district. He was a 
member of the East Freetown Light Infantry, lS;V2-5(i, 
and enlisted as a private in Company F, '2'.lth Regt., Mass. 
\"t)ls., November IC, Isdl. He was appointed a corporal 
in yannar\-, istli, and promoted to sergeant the same year ; 
he was commissioned 2d lieutenant March '2'2, lS(j,S, and 
1st lieutenant, March l'.», isci. Lieut. Bosworth was 
with the 21ith Regt. in all its campaigns and battles. He 
was shot through the body at the battle of " The Crater" 
July oH, isci, and was reported "mortally wounded," 
but pulled thr(_iugh, mainh' by force of will, yet 
was unable to perform further duty. He was mus- 
tered 'out as disabled 
June ('), l,st;r). Since 
the war he has done 
light work as a car- 
penter. He is a mem- 
be r of Post 1 (), 
G. A. R., of Mass. 
Lieut. Bosworth mar- 
ried Rachel Ashley 
July 2;-., Lsr.2. Their 
children ; — Emily W. , 
born August 7, JS;.?); 
Elizabeth A., Nov. 27, 
Is.Vi; Elijah A., Nov- 
ember ~>, Is.!."); Frank 
A., Dec. :;] , lsr)7, and 
Rachel D., November 
24, ls7r.. 

LIEUT. CHESTER W BRIGGS 

CuiisTiiR Wnoi, Hki,,,;s, son of Capt. Franklin and 
Sally I ILathaway ) Briggs, was born in' Freetf)wn, May, 
1>'41. He received his education in the town schools and 
at ^lyricks and Peirce Academies. He taught school sev- 

s4 




eral years. He enlisted in Company *t, :id Regt., }i[. V. 
AI., in 18()(); was appointed corporal in I Mil. He went 
forward with the " Minute Men " April i:., Isc. 1, and 
served three months as corporal at Fortress Mnnme and 
vicinit_v, taking part in the destruction of the Norfolk 
Navy Yard. Mustered out on Long Island, Boston Harbor, 
July L'2, lsp,l, he helped 
to raise the -22d Unat- 
tached Co., Mass. A'ols., 
and was commissioned '2d 
Lieutenant (jf the com- 
pany. Mustered in Aug- 
ust Is, Ls(;4, be served 
one hundred days. 

Lieut. Briggs taught 
school again after the war 
and served in town office. 
In 1.S74 he went to Bos- 
ton and engaged in the 
hide and leather busi- 
ness, carrying it on suc- 
cessfully until 1 MM), 
when he returned to 
Assonet in po("jr health. 
He died July HL l^Ul. capt. j-mes w burr 

James W.vshinc/iox Burr, son of Captain James and 
Chartley ( Chace ) Burr, was born at x\ssonet Village, 
Freetown, Mass., January 27, l-SKi. He became a mar- 
iner and was for several years engaged in the coasting 
trade. Later he engaged in the freighting of mugh rice, 
cotton and other goods between the piirts of Sa\'annah, 
Uarien, or Brunswick, (ki., and Charleston, S. C. Fin- 
this purpose he usually sailed from Assonet, in liallast. in 
vSeptember, and returned in May. During the summer 
months he would overhaul, paint and put his schooner in 
proper condition for the next season's w(.)rk in the south; 
and if conditions were favorable, make a few coaling trips 




between Philadelphia or Baltimore and s()me New Eng- 
land port. 

He was in Charleston harbor with his vessel during 
the bombardment of Fort Sumter in April, Isiil. During 
the Ci\-il AVar he became a pilot in the U. S. Navy, and 
served on se\-eral U. S. \'essels in S(.nithern waters. After 
the surrender of Charleston, S. C he piloted Admiral 
Dahlgren to Fort Sumter and assisted in replacing the 
" Stars and Stripes " over that fort. 

The Sotithcrn carrying trade iov Assonet ^'essels, in 
which se\X'ral were engaged at the time, ended with the 
commencement of the Civil War. After the war Captain 
Burr remox'cd to Fall I-iiver, Mass., where he engaged in the 
meat and produce business. He married Phebe Rathburn 
Phillips, daughter of James and Phebe (Porter) Phillips, 

who died at F a 1 1 
River, Mass., June i*s, 
isijl, aged ~'2 years. 
They had twt) sons, 
Job Pierce Burr, who 
died October 2(>, l.s44, 
aged one year and 
seven months; and 
1" r a n k Wa s h i n g t o n 
liurr, who is a resi- 
dent <jf Fall River, 
Ma.ss., at the present 
t i m c . 

Captain JJurr died 
at his residence on 
Oak street. Fall River, 
Mass., August ;ird, 

CAPT. DARIUS A CUD WORTH 

I).\Ril\s A. Cl'iiwoRTH, son of Luther and Betse_\- 

( Phillips I Cudworth, was born in Freetown, April 1, \s;it\, 

and was educated in the public schools in the town. In 

s(i 




1>^5^ he went to Missouri to engage in railroading. At 
that time Missouri was a slave State, and society not con- 
genial to Yankees. Yet there was an element of union- 
ism even there, and in l.sci the nucleus of a Union regi- 
iment was formed in Linn Count)-, where Cudworth re- 
sided, and which he joined. Recruiting was slow there, 
for all the native born men went into the southern army, 
but the regiment was finally filled, and became the 18th 
Mo. Vol. Inf., in March, ls('>-j, and Mr. Cudworth was mus- 
tered in as 1st lieutenant and regimental quartermaster. 
The regiment went South at once to Island No. li», in the 
Mississippi, and thence up the Tennessee River, and was 
engaged in the battles of Pittsburg Landing and Shiloh, 
April 6 and 7, 1862, losing 000 men and officers in killed, 
wounded and missing. Also it participated in the cam- 
paign and capture of Corinth, ]\Iiss. At the battle of 
Corinth, Oct. 3 and 4, 1862, Lieut. Cudworth was at- 
tached to the Staff of Gen. John Mc Arthur as Division 
Quarter Master and Aide-de-Camp. In the winter of 
ls(;3-(U they took part in the occupation of middle Ten- 
nessee and helped to rebuild the railroad from Nashville 
to Decatur, Ala. ; and in the spring of LSdl joined Sher- 
man's Army, south of Chattanooga, and took part in the 
battles of Reseca, Dalton, Kenesaw Mountain and siege 
of Atlanta. On July 22, Isfii, before Atlanta, Gen. 
Veach's division, to which Lieut. Cudworth was attached, 
with Gen. vSweeny's division, under Gen. Granville M. 
Dodge, held in check the great flanking force of the rebel, 
Gen. Hood, which prevented a serious disaster to the 
L'nion forces ; it was in the flanking movement that routed 
the Rebels out of Atlanta, and in the engagement at 
Jonesborough, Ga., where Hood's army was again de- 
feated. He went with Gen. Sherman on the ^larch to the 
vSea and through the Carolinas. They met and defeated 
Hardee's army, near Beaufort, N. C, the last of ;\larch, 
lst',."i. This was the last battle in which the isth Mo. 

Vols, were engaged, and here Lieut. Cudworth received a 

87 



commissicin as Captain of Company K, which had been 
issued some months l)efore. His term of service ha\'iny 
expired, he was was lionoral)l\' mustered out March L'T, 
ist;."], and after a brief \-rsit to his parents at the old liome 
he returned to the AA'est where he has lived e\'er since. 
l"or man\- \-ears he has been successfullv engaged in the 
real estate business in St. Paul, ^linn. Capt. Cudworth 
married Cordelia A. ^lills, of Brookfield, jMc, September 
'27, isii'.t. Their children; — Donna ]\Iills, born October 
20, IMit; Frank Barrows, July 4, 1S72; Adda Blo.ssom, 
Dec. .-., ]s-:\; Luther Phdlips. July 11, isTC; James Wal- 
ter, .MaA- 27,ls7s; Roger Logan, Dec, 27, ISSC. 

Jiiiix ^Iii.roN I)i;.\xi;, son of John and Lydia 
( Andros i L)eane, was born at Assonet \"illage, Freetown, 
}\lass., January s, ls4(i. His grandfather, Thomas Andros, 
was a soldier of the American Re\'olution. Llis education 
was ol)laincd from the AVater Street District vSchool, the 

Assonet Academy, the 
Aiyricksville Academy, 
and the Foxboro English 
and Classical vSchool. At 
the age of 111, he began 
teaching school at Berk- 
ley Common, and later 
taught for several terms 
at the South T")istrict of 
Assonet Village, being- 
engaged there at the 
lireaking out of the war 
of the rebellion. 

He had enli.sted in 
the Assonet Light Infan- 
try, Co. (t, ;!d Regt., 
3.1ass. Vol. }ililitia, in 
September, Isfis, was 
appointed Sergeant and 

Companv Clerk in Au"-- 
ss 




LIEUT, JOHN M DEANE, 
At Pans, Ky , 1863 




list, IsCjd, and was 
eleclL'd Tliird Lieut- 
enant in September, 
iM'.f), at tlie annual 
muster of tlie regi- 
ment at Wareliam, 
Mass. 

Leaving his school 
he responded to Pres- 
ident Lincoln's call for 
troops April L5, LstU, 
a n d served three 
months at Fortress 
Monroe, Va., as vSee- 
ond Lieutenant of his 
company. Lie took 
part in the destruction 
MAJOR JOHN M DEANE. "^ ^hc Norfolk Navy 

Major 29th Regiment, Mass. Veteran Volunteer Infantry, 1865. Yard OH tllC ulgllt of 
DepartmentComman(Jer,i8q7,Dept of Mass, G. A R. a -i ,, ,, 1^/. 1 1 

April ^n, Ls(iL and 
was for a few weeks in command of the guard kept at Fort 
Calhoun — the Rip Raps — in Hampton Roads. He was 
mustered out with his regiment at Boston, Mass., Julv 2-2, 
1801, and again took up teaching at the .South school. 

He was appointed by (jovernor John A. Andrew a 
Second Lieutenant in the ^Hth Regt., Mass. A'ols. June 1, 
1 8(12 ; was promoted to First Lieutenant December :.".•, 1 si;-2 ; 
U) Adjutant of the regiment No\'ember L isCi.'i ; to Captain 
June s, 1S<14 and to Major May i:>, KS<'i."). 

He served as Acting Assistant Adjutant (icneral at the 
Military Post of Paris, Ky., from April to Scptend)cr, 
iSd;',, and was on detached scr\-icc at the 1 )raft Rendez- 
vous, Boston Harbor, from September, bsii:'. until May. 
18li-l-. In Janiiary I8C1-I-, he took a large detachment of re- 
cruits to the .-)4th and ;"'ir)th Mass. Regiments — colored — 
then encamped on Morris Island, South Carolina. 



«9 



He served on the staff of Alajor (General O. B. Wil- 
cox from April tintil his muster out in August, lS(;;i, 
being appointed Prevost Marshal of the First Division, 
9th Armv Corps April ■2:>, Isd."), Prevost Marshal of 
Georgetown, D. C, Mav ■20, lS(;:i and Prevost Marshal and 
Pass Officer, District of Washington, July 11. l.^t;:). 

In accordance with the following communication he 
was commissioned Major of U. S. Volunteers, by brevet, 
to date ]\larch 2."i, l^^r,:.. 

War Department, Washington, i 
June 15, 1865. \ 

Sir: — You are hereby informed that the President of the 
United States has appointed you for gallant and meritorious 
service in the attack on Fort vSteadman, Va., a Major of Vol- 
unteers, by brevet, in the service of the United States, to rank 
as such from the twenty-fifth day of March, one thousand, 
eight hundred and sixty-five. Should the Senate at their next 
session, advise and consent thereto, you will be commissioned 
accordingly. Immediately on receipt hereof please communi- 
cate to this department, through the Adjutant General of the 
Army, your acceptance or non-acceptance, and with your letter 
of acceptance, return the oath, herewith enclosed, properly 
filled up, subscribed and attested, and report your age, birth- 
place and the State of which you were a permanent resident. 

Edwin M. Stanton, 
Brevet Major John M. Deane, Secretary of War. 

U. S. Volunteers. 
Captain Deane's gallantry in action at Fort Steadman, 
A"a., was reported to ;\Iajor General John G. Parke, com- 
manding the 9th Army Corps, by the Inspectors' Depart- 
ment of 1st Division of that Corps. General Parke in a com- 
munication to the War Department, dated May 29, ISO."), 
recommended that Capt. Deane be made a Major of U. .S. 
Vohinteers, by brevet, for gallantry in action. The rec- 
ommendation of General Parke was approved and for- 
warded to the War Department by )ilaj(jr General George 
G. ^leade, commanding the Army of the Potomac, June 
1, isfio, whence the appointment was made June 15, 1>S(;5. 

90 



In accordance with the following communication he 
was awarded the Conjjressional Medal of Honor: — 

Record and Pension Office, War Department, , 
Washington Cit)', March ,sth, 1895. f 

Major John M. Deane, 

Late 3yth Massachusetts Volunteers, 
Fall River, Massachusetts. 

Sir: — I have the honor to inform you that by direction 
of the President, and in accordance with the Act of Congress 
approved March 3, ISH:!, providing for the presentation of 
Medals of Honor to such officers, non-commissioned officers and 
privates as have most distinguished themselves in action, the 
Assistant Secretary of War has awarded you a Medal of Honor 
"For most distinguished gallantry in action at Fort Steadman, 
Virginia, March 25, 1805, in serving with other volunteers, a 
previously silenced and abandoned gun, mounted en barbette, 
at Fort Haskell, being exposed to a galling fire from the 
enemy's sharpshooters." The medal has been forwarded to 
you today by registered mail. Upon receipt of it please advise 
this office thereof. 

Very respectfully, 

W. F. Ainsworth, Col. U. S. Army, 
Chief Record and Pension Office. 

Adjutant General AVilliam Schouler of Alassachusetts, 
in his report for the year iMlfi, pages 404- and ^o:,, con- 
cerning the battle of Fort Steadman, Va., says: "Among 
the other officers honorably mentioned for good conduct 
on this occasion were Captains Clarke, Browne, Dcane, 
Pizer and Lieutenants Joslyn, AlcOuillan and Scully." 
"Captain Deane, in the latter part of the fight, showed 
great gallantry at Fort Flaskell." 

Colonel Gilbert P. Robinson, :3rd Maryland Infantry, 
commanding ;!rd Brigade, 1st Division, !)th Army Corps, 
in his report of the battle of Fort Steadman, Va., to 
Division Headquarters — Serial No. '.K>, War of the Rebel- 
lion Official Records of the Union and Confederate 

91 



Armies, pages ;'>34 and :!35 — says: "I have the honor to 
mention the following officers and enlisted men for praise, 
for deeds set against their names, and to reiterate the eulo- 
giums of their regimental commanders. 

Twenty-Ninth Massachusetts A'eteran Volunteers: — 
Captain John ^1. Deane, commanding the regiment 
after the capture of Major Richardson, and Lieutenant 
Henry C. Joslyn captured while on picket and escaped 
through the ranks of the enemy in an audacious dash, ex- 
posed to every danger; worked a gun in Fort Haskell 
during the latter part of the engagement, only leaving it 
to charge back to Battery No. 11; Sergeant William H. 
Howe, Company K. and Private Levi B. Gaylord, Com- 
pany A. for working barbette guns in Fort Haskell side 
by side with Captain Deane and Lieutenant Joslyn, after 
all but two of the artillery detachment had been killed or 
wounded." 

In the battle of Fort Steadman, Va., before daylight. 
Captain Deane captured and disarmed a captain of the ith 
North Carolina regiment ; and later in the day, in the 
charge back from Fort Haskell to Battery No. 11, he cap- 
tured and disarmed the major of the 4th Georgia regiment. 
The latter also had in his possession and delivered to Cap- 
tain Deane a carpet bag, containing clothing and other 
articles belonging to Captain George D. Williams of the 
■I'Mh Mass. regiment, which he had taken from Captain 
Williams' quarters. 

Alajor Deane has the revolvers and belts of both the 
above mentioned Confederate officers in his possession at 
the present time. Neither of them carried a sword. 

His military service, covering nearly forty-two months, 
was both variable and honorable. It consisted of life in 
garrison, camp and field, and on the transport ; of duty on 
the campaign and in the seige ; of service as a line, staff 
and field officer. He commanded his regiment in the field 
from IMarch until June, l-sf,,5. 



His service took him into thirteen different States, and 
required thousands of miles of tra\-eh He serx-ed and 
fought in tire Second, Fiftli and Xinth Armv Corps; with 
the Armv of the P<")tomae and with tire Army of the (Jhio. 
He ser\'ed under (jrant, McClellan, Kurnside, Ho<")ker and 
^Nleade as Commanding (ienerals; and under Sumner, 
Hancock, Burnside, Sedgwick, Wnr. F. Smith, Warren, 
Wilcox and Parke as Corps Commanders. 




RESIDENCE OF JOHN M DEANE, WATER ST. 
Erected I896.7. Front View 

His discharge paper gi\-es him the credit of having 
been engaged in twenty battles. l^'or more than nine 
months in the seige of Pctersliurg he was ci.mstantly un- 
der the fire of the enem\-'s artillery, and most of the time 
within range of their mortar batteries and musketr_\-. 

I'rom November, 1S(;4 until the e\-aeuation of Peters- 
burg by the enemy in April, lsCi:>, he was in the trenches 
near Fort Steadman, the nearest point to, and within easy 



speaking,;" distance nf the enemy's main line of works, 
where artiller\- duels and mortar practice were daily and 
nig'hth' indulged in, and where sharpshooting'^and picket 
firing was a pastime. 

lie was nc\-cr oliliged to cpiit the field on acccjunt of 
sickness, and was ne\-er wounded, although twice hit by 
fragments nf shells and twice by bullets. 

After h.is muster out and final discharge from the 
arm\- in August, ]."^|■l."), he restimed teaching in the south 
district. In ^la\', isr.i;, in cimnect'iin with i\Ir. Alonzo 



RESIDENCE OF JOHN M. OEANE. EAST VIEW. 

Hathaway I )f t'reetown, he engaged in a general merchan- 
dise business m Fall ]-ii\-cr, under the firm name of Hatha- 
way & Deane. ^Ir. Hathaway retired from the firm in ^March 
l^ii', since which time the business has been conducted 
by ^Ir. I)cane. He has always divided his time between 
Fall River and his native village of Assonet, to which he 
is very much attached. 

November :.'ii, iMiO, he was married to ^lary (Jray 

I^earce, a grand-daughter of Freetown, born at Norwich 

U4 



Connecticut, November -JCi, Is-K;, and at the time a resi- 
dent of Assonet Village. Their ehildren are Milton Irv- 
ing-, born April 8(i, Iscs — served as (runners' Mate with a 
detachment of Company F, Alassachusetts Xaval Brigade, 
of Fall River, on the U. S. Monitor Lehigh during the 
Spanish-American War; Richard Bovnton, Julv li', ls(;!i; 
Charles Learned, August 2:>, isTl ; Anna Louise Andros, 
July L's, IMT; and Wallis Pearce, :\Iav i', IssL 

He joined Richard Borden Post Xo. -iii, Department 
of Massachusetts, (i-rand Armv of the Republic, of Fall 




RESIDENCE OF JOHN M DEANE. WEST VIEW 

River, ]\Lass., in l.ss,"i, and has scr\-ed his Post five x'cars 
as its Commander. He was a National Aide dc Camp in 
LSDO; A.ssistant National Inspector in ISD-I; Department 
Aid de Camp in Iss.'^, l.s'.i-l- and litnu; member of the I )e- 
partment Council of Administration in is.s'.i; Chief Mus- 
tering Officer of the Department in Isiio; Assistant (Juar- 
termaster (yeneral of the Department in Is'.H'; Junior \'ice 
Department Commander in isii.^, ; Senior Vice Department 

Commander in isiid, and Department Commanrk-r in Is'.'T, 

ii.j 




^Iaio (tRav Deaxe, daughter of Abner Tompkins and 
Sarah Read iHriL;-;^-s) Pcarcc, was born at Norwich, Conn., 

November I'l',, iSlC. 

In is.")?), she re- 
mo^•ed to Providence, 
R. I., and in \s(\:, to 
Assonet Village", Free- 
town, Mass. , where she 
was married to Major 
jolm ^I. Deane, N(_)v- 
cmber 2(1, I Slid. 

She was educated 
at the city schools of 
Providence, R. I., and 
at the Ipswich Female 
vSeminary , I p s w i c h , 
Mass. 

After her marriage 
she removed with her 
hu.sband to Fall River, 
Mass., where she be- 
came interested in church and benevolent work. 

She is a charter member of Richard Borden Woman's 
Relief C<irps N<>. lud, of p'all River, organized in Ma}' 
bsss, and scr\'ed that Corps the first four years of its 
existence as its President, since which time she has been 
its Treasurer. In bs'.iii she served as National and Depart- 
ment Aule ; in iMtl as Department Inspector; and in ls92 
as President nf the Department of ^lassachusetts Woman's 
Relief Corps. In \s'j:', she served as Department Coun- 
sellor; in ]s'.»-f as Special Department Aide; in isitf; as 
Assistant National Inspector; in Is'.tT as Chairman of the 
National Executive Board, W. R. C. ; in is'.is as Depart- 
ment Patriotic Instructor; in is'.H.i as National Inspectcjr, 
and in I'.hh' she is again serving a.s Special Department 
Aide. Slie is a member of Ouequechan Chapter, Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution. 

'.10 



MARY GRAY DEANE. 
President of Dept of Mass , Woman's Relief Corps, 



in November, 
makers' trade 



HuMl'llRKV A. Fkaxcis was burn m I'all River, ^lass., 
August (I, 1^34, and educated in the ptd^lie schools 
of that eit^'. He went to Assonct 
lN."il, and there learned the edge too 
of John Crane at the 
" ( )ld Forge." Decem- 
ber, lsr)4, he enlisted in 
Company (i, I5d Regt., 
'id Brig., l.st Div., M. 
Y.^l. He was appointed 
Corporal in ls,")5; I^'ir-st 
Sergeant and Company 
Clerk Feljruarv 4, Fs."i(; ; 
Second Lieutenant, Sep- 
tember :>, b^tiii. He en- 
tered the U. S. service as 
First Lieutenant, April 
I'l, \st\\, ser\'ed at For- 
tress Alunroe, Va., and 
w a s h o n o r a b 1 a' d i s - 
charged at the end of 
his term of service, July 

v>v), LSCll. LIUET HUMPHREY A FRANCIS 

He was emplo\-ed at the rifle factors- in Ass(jnet, 
Ls<i2-77, and remo\-ed to Taunton June in, bs77, where 
he was cmplo\'ecl at the A. Field & Sons' Tack Works for 
ii.") A'ears. At present he is employed by the Atlas Tack 
Work.s, Fairha\-cn, Mass., as foreman of the blacksmith 
department. Pie held the office of Town Clerk for sexxral 
years in Freetown, also otlicr prominent positions. 

He is a member of Lost I!, Ct. A. R. of Taunton, Alass., 
and is a Royal Arch Mason. 

He married Sybil A. Thresher of Assonct, ()ctol)er i' I , 
\sr,V<. Their children: — Ralph H., born April I'.i, b^.Vs ; 
\Vayland L., February In, IsCii. 

Ciiy\Ri.Ks Rl'ssi;i,i, II.\skins. son of Russell and ^Ierc_\- 
( tiathawav ) Haskins was born in I'h-cctown Jul}- l'"i, b'^4.'!. 




He had few advantages in early life, except the good pub- 
lic schools of Freetown. He became a railroad employe 
soon after his school days were over. In February, 1.S57, 
he joined Company G, 3d Regt., M. V. M. On April 15, 
1.S61, he responded to the "Minute Men's" call, going 
with his company to Fortress Munroe and taking part in 
the destruction of the Norfolk Navy Yard, April 20, 1861. 
May 2',], 1861, General Butler, commanding at Fortress 
Monroe, sent a body of Union troops across Black River, 
and occupied Hampton, Va. Several of Company G men, 
with others, were detailed for guard duty at the Hampton 
end of the bridge, one of them being Charles R. Haskins. 
During the night he heard a noise in some shrubbery near 
his post, and saw an object crawling towards him. He 
challenged, but received no reply. He challenged again 
and cocked his musket. At the click of the lock three ne- 
groes sprang up and separated, and one cried out, "Good 
God! Massa, he cock 'em! Don't shoot, don't shoot!" 
Haskins ordered them to halt, and told them if they moved 
an inch he would let daylight through them, and then 
called the Corporal of the Guard, David B. Hill, of Com- 
pany G, and he in turn called the Lieutenant of the 
Guard, Cephas Washburn, Jr., of Company A, and both 
were soon at Haskins' post and found the three trembling 
slaves, who stood uncovered and offered profuse apologies 
for the manner of their approach and begged piteously to 
be taken inside the Yankee lines, "for old massa" would 
send them to New Orleans if he got them again. On 
being asked why they separated when they sprang from 
the ground, they replied : "So that massa hit but one if he 
shoot." Evidently they had carefully planned to escape 
from slavery and were quite well posted in regard to the 
trouble between the North and Stmth. They were taken 
to the guard house and kept until morning when Haskins 
escorted them to General Butler's headquarters. Butler 
complimented Haskins and presented him with a photo- 
graph of himself, after putting his autograph on it. Soon 

98 



after the owner nf the three sla\-es appeared at headf|iiar_ 
ters and with threat assnranee demanded the immediate 
return of liis propertw \Vhile the \'ir«-inia slaxxdrnlder 
with i^reat dignity, was ta]kinL( about his eDnstitutional 
rij^lits, (iencral Butler was adroitly askinjr questions. 
" Haye these slayes helped to di;^- the entrenehments o\'er 
in Hampton ?" asked (jeneral I-Sutler. "They ha\'e, 
rei)lied the A'irgdnian. "Then I deelare them to he eon- 
traband of war and I deeline to .t^i^'e them up." They 
were at onee set to work Iniildinj^ an o\'en inside the fort- 
ress. Thus originated the name of " eontraband," as ap- 
plied to slayes. Later Charles R. Haskins seryed with 
distinetion as a Seri;-eant in Company H, -inth Re^'t., 
Mass. \'ols. until the elose of the war. 

After the war he had a lon(.( eareer as a prominent 
railroad oftieial. He was a member of the G. A. R. and 
a Kni.i^ht Templar. He died in IH(H) and was buried with 
Military and Masonie honors in Assonet cemetery. 




LIEUT URIAL M HASKINS. 



Uriai. M. H.\ski\s, 
son of Cyrus and Susan 
Haskins, was born in 
Pennsyh'ania, April I'.i, 
isA'i. While a child 
his parents mo\'ed l)aek 
to Berkley, Mass., his 
father's nati\-e town, 
and later thcN- mo\-ed 
to Freetown, \\'here 
Urial learned the tack 
maker's trade at the 
"Old Forij:e." He en- 
listed in Com])an\' I i, 
:;rd Re-t., M. \'. M. m 
I s.'iS. He was a])poinl- 
ed Corporal in ImIh. 
He responded to Lin- 




ELBRIDGE LAWTON 

Chief Engineer, U S N 



eiiln's call April 1.'), 

IsCil, and g-a\-c up his 

Ciirpural's warrant t(.) 

have a comrade go 

who would not do so 

as a pri\-ate. He par- 
ticipated in all the 

events with his coni- 

panv at Fortress M(jn- 

roe, during its three 

month's service. He 

enlisted in Company 

A, .'ird Mass, \'ols., 

September l';1, ls(;-„>, 

and served as a Cor- 
poral in that com- 

p a n V t h r i_) u g h the 

campaign in North 

C;u"olina. He assist- 
ed in recrviiting the I'l'd Compan\-, I'nat. Mass A'ols. Aug- 
ust, lsCi4, and A\-as commissioned First Lieutenant of that 
c(impan\'. I)ctailcd Acting Assistant Adjutant Ccneral 
at Readville for a few weeks, he afterwards was appointed 
Adjutant of the Battallion stationed tlierc and served as 
such during the remainder of his serx'ice. After the war 
Lieut, llaskins again took u]) tack making, working in \'ir- 
ginia and other States, Ijut for the last twenty-Pivc years 
has li\-ed and worked at his trade in 'i\iunlon, Mass. He 
has been in the Citv Crox-ernment as Coucilman, and is a 
member of Post :i, (t. .V. R. He married Lthalana F. 
Briggs in Ls7L Their children : — Susie K., born Janu- 
ary 1, LsTi' : Eva M.. August :;, ls74; Gertie L., July L 
Ls77: Ada A., January l'4, ls7'.). 

Ei.ukiiK,!-; Lawtox, son of Job (L and Polly (Strange) 
Lawton, was born in Freetown in August, Fsl'C. fie had 
the distinction of being in the United States service longer 
than anv other Freetown man. He entered the U. .S. 

uw 



Xavy as ;->d Assl. Engineer, in March, Is+S; serA-ed on 
the coast of Alexico in the " Water witch ;" was made I'd 
Asst. Engineer in September, 1S4-9; promoted tn 1st Asst. 
Engineer in February, Is.'il, and became Chief Engineer 
in ls.">ti. He was on duty at different times on Coast 
Sur\'ey Steamers Bibb, vSaranac and John Hancock ; Behr- 
ing Straits Surveying Expedition. 

In ls<;2-t;:;, on the "Roanoke," "Colorado," "Minne- 
sota" and "Alississippi" he was Fleet Engineer of Admi- 
ral Farragut's Squadron, and at the capture of New Or- 
leans. He had charge of the building of the machinery 
of the "Madawaska," isGiVCiti, and was on special duty at 
Bridgewater, ]\Iass,, Is67-ri9. Chief Engineer at Boston 
Navy Yard isnii-Tl ; Chief Engineer at Mare Island Navy 
Yard, isT 1-7(1 ; Chief Engineer at New York Navy Yard, 
I,s77-Si). He was ordered to Anapolis as one of the Board 
of Visitors in issu, but was too feeble to go. In the 
Spring of Isyl he was retired for disability incurred in 
line of duty. He married Matilda Durham, Baltimore, 
^Id., in ls."i:i. Died in Boston, July, Is-S!*, leaving a wid- 
ow, daughter and son. He was fearless and uncomprom- 
ising in the discharge of his duty ; loved and respected by 
his fellow officers and those under his authority. His 
memory is a legacy and inspiration. 

AxDRiiW La\v'I'(j.\, son of Job G. and Polly (Strange) 
Lawt(jn, was born in Freetown, April <i, Is::!.",. He en- 
tered the U. S. Xavy as ;-id Assistant Engineer, June l' + , 
\s:,{). Was on duty in the Coast Survey is.Mi-")!, and on 
the vSteamer "Waterwitch" in the Home Squadron. He 
was promoted t(j -!d Asst. Engineer Feb. -^i). l^.M. In 
1,s.")l'-."i;! he was attached to the Frigate " Saranac." On 
^lav -!1, IS.").",, he was promoted to 1st Asst. Engineer. In 
l>."i4-."i.") he was on the Frigate "San Jacinto," engaged in 
Coast SurA'ey. During Is.'iCi-.'kS he was in the East Indian 
Squadron, and was on special duty in Boston in Is.'i'.t-Co. 

His commission as Chief Engineer was dated April 
•J.'!, is,')l», In ls(:')()-(U he was attached to Steamship "Hart- 

101 



fiird." in the West (rulf Squadron. He was on speeial 
dtit\- at Taunton, ]\Iass., in iSCrJ, aitd in 1 s(!:!-('i."> was on 
speeial dut\- at Boston Na\-v Yard, and at Wilmingtoit, 
I lelaware. 

Chief Enj^ineer of the " Hartford, " the Flag'sliip of 
the Asiatie Squadron in isCiCi-fi.S : in ISti'.i, he was ordered, 
as Chief Ent^'ineer, to the Philadelphia Na\'v Yard, and 
died wliile (Ut dnt\' tltere, Alareh 17, ls71. 

yoiix W. }\1aki;le, son of John H. and ^larv(Teal) 
^larble, was born in Somerset, i\lass., ]\lareh 1, ls-2(i. He 
was edueated in Somerset sehools, and learned a ship ear- 
penter's and joiner's trade. He came to Freetown in is-l-T 
to work as a ship carpenter and settled here permanentlv, 
takin*;- up a contractor and builder's btisiness. He joined 
Company Cr, :;rd Regt. ^I. A'. ]\I. at its inception, and was 
elected ;'.d Lieut. June i".t, is.Vi; 1st Lieut. June 14-, ls.-,l ; 
Captain April ■_!'.•, bs."i4. He resigned in April is,"),"); 

re-cnlisted as pri\-ate 
May N, is.-),"), and was 
appointed 1st Sergt. 
He resigned May -in. 
Is,"")", and took his 
place in the ranks; 
was appointed 1st 
Sergt, Jan. 24, ls.-,:i ; 
elected 2d Lieut. Jul}- 
2, Is,"")',! and Captain 
Jul)- 21, isco. He 
c(jntmanded the com- 
pan\- in the "Minute 
INIen's" service at 
Fortress Monroe iri 
1 s(; I , ijeing mtrstcrcd 
out July 22, Isr, 1 , at 
L(mg Island, Boston 
Harbor, He w; s 




CAPr JOHN W MARBLE 



lirj 




GEN, EBENEZER W PIERCE. 



elected captain of 
Company A, 3d Mass. 
Vols, and mustered in 
Sept. 23, Isc,:.'. He 
served throughout the 
North Carolina cam- 
paiw-n, being a part of 
the time commander 
of detached troops at 
<Taines ]\Iill and at 
Deep (rulh'. He was 
mustered out June 2 (i 
Isfiy, at Camp "Joe 
Hooker" in Lakeville, 
Mass. Captain Mar- 
ble was the leader in 
raising the 22nd Unat- 
tached C o m p a n }' , 
Mass. Vols., and was 
commissioned Captain and mustered in Aug. In, lstj4. He 
ser\'ed with that Company in the lUO days' campaign. 
After the war he again took up the business of carpenter 
and builder. He built Anthony & Swift's Abattoir and 
ice houses at the Forge in I'reetown in ls71, and for more 
than twenty years was superintendent of that business. 
Captain Marble was always prominent in all public mat- 
ters in town, being a power in politics, and in issi was 
elected a member of the ^Massachusetts Legislature from 
the (ith District of Bristol County. He married Hannah 
J. DelMoranville July 4, bs4s. Their children — Betsey P., 
born Aug. 23, isr.-t-; ,Mary T., Oct. 27, \s:,:,; John W., 
March 3, Is.VS; Henry W., l-'eb. in, l.sCii. Capt. Marble 
died June Is, l!»fMi. 

Iiiu-;.\KZKK W. PiKi-;('i;, son of Ebenezer and |<janna 
(Weayer) Pierce, was born April In, 1,S22, and was edu- 
cated in Freetown schools and Andover Academy. He 
inherited a fine property, largely real estate, and engaged 

lo;j 



in sheep raisini^-. He enlisted in the -1th Artillerx', M. \'- 
j\I. in ls4.".. He was eleeted ^lajor of the same Auo". ;;i, 
]s44-, and Lieut. -Colonel Sept. .■■), IS-tC. He enlisted in 
Company (i, P.d Regt. :M. V. AI. June s, ls:,(), He 
became Captain of same June l".i, ls.")(); Major of ;!d Regt. 
Aug. :'), 1-^'>1 ; Lieut. -Col. April '2, LS52. He was commis- 
sioned Brig.-CTeneral I'd Brigade, Lst Div. M. V. M. Nov. 
T. L^."i."i. He responded to Lincoln's call April \~>, ImM 
and served three mt/mths. He commanded the L'''nion 















RESIDENCE OF GEN EBENEZER W PEIRCE. 

troops at the battle of Big Bethel Va, — the first battle of 
the war — June in, LmU. He was commissioned Colonel 
of the :.".ith Rcgt. Mass. y<>]s. Dec. 13, isCLand stationed 
at Newport News, Ya. In ^lav l^f'ii' Col. Pierce with his 
regiment took part in the expedition to Norfolk and vSuf- 
f<^)lk. \'a. He joined tlie Army <.)f the Potomac in June, 
isfii' at W'liite House Landing and was attached to 
]\Ieaglier's Irish Brigade, Richards(m's Div., Sumner's 

104 



Corps. June 30, IsCi:^, in the seven days retreat across the 
Peninsular, while resting at Nelson's Farm near White 
Oak Swamp, the enemy suddenly opened upon the Divis- 
ion with artillery. Several hundred mules that had been 
unhitched from the supply train, to water, stampeded and 
threw the troops into confusion. Before order was restored 
several of the :^9th Regiment were killed and wounded, 
including Col. Pierce, who lost his right arm at the shoul- 
der. He went to Massachusetts to recover, and again 
joined his regiment at Harper's Ferry, Va., Oct. 8, ISdL'. 
On Nov. 19, istl'i, he was detailed for recruiting service in 
Massachusetts. He rejoined the regiment March 21, 1863, 
at Newport News, Va. , and accompanied it to Paris, Ky. 
He was on detached duty — commanding post at Paris — and 
on recruiting service in Massachusetts from April 26 to 
August 29, 1863, when he again joined the regiment, going 
with it to East Tennessee, where he remained until March 
1864. Then the regiment re-enlisted for three years and 
all were granted a thirty days' furlough. On May 16, 
1861, Col. Pierce with his regiment left Boston, Mass., and 
joined the Army of the Potomac at Cold Harbor, Va., May 
29, 1864. On July 23, 1864, he obtained leave of absence 
and returned to Massachusetts, where he remained on sick 
leave until Oct. 24, 1864, when he rejoined his regiment 
at Petersburg, Va. He resigned his commission as colonel 
Nov. 8, 1864, and returned home. 

After the war he was appointed Revenue Collector 
but not confirmed. He also travelled West and South 
speculating in real estate unsuccessfully. Returning to 
Assonet he passed the remainder of his days in no especial 
business. He served one term on the board of selectmen 
of Freetown. Col. Pierce married Irene I. Payne of Free- 
town, and they had one son, Palo Alto Pierce, born Jan. 
22, 18o3. On May 1, 187;"), Mrs. Pierce obtained a divorce 
from Col. Pierce. On April 5, 1892, he married Ida E. 
Gardner. He died Aug. 14, 1902. 

105 



AViLLlAM Read, son of John and Rosamond (Hath- 
away) Read, was born in Freetown, March 13, 1S09, and 
was educated in the public scliools of Freetown. He com- 
menced to go to sea earh' in life, and became a master 

mariner before he was 
30 years of age. When 
the Southerners seceded 
he commanded a mer- 
chant vessel in the south- 
ern trade, and was at 
Darien, Ga., the last of 
April, ISGI. While he 
was loading a cargo of 
lumber, one evening he 
overheard a part of a 
plan to take his vessel ; 
so in the night he 
slipped quietl}' out of 
the river and put to sea 
and came home. He 
had with him at that 
time his son, Charles H., 
who afterwards served 
in the .VSth Mass. \^ols. When he reached home he found 
that his son Edward E. had gone South with Company G, 
3d M. V. M. On the ^I'd of Nov., 1804, Capt. Read was 
appointed Acting Ensign and Pilot and attached to the 
Ironclad Passaic of the .South Atlantic Blockading Squad- 
ron. He served until June 13, l.S(ir>, when his services 
were no longer required. After the war he again engaged 
in maritime business until his death. He was drowned in 
Assonet Bay July ''^, l.^To. Capt. Read married Eliza vSta- 
ples April :is, lsy,s. Their children — Rosamond A., born 
Jan. 13, \s:i:), William H. H., May 1l>, 1841, Edward E. 
and Ellen E. (twins) Feb. 7, ls43, Charles H., Jan. 2S, 
184:>, Helen M., Feb. 15, ls48, Irving W., March 2it, 

I8:.(i, Ella y., Feb. 17, ls,-,3. 

loe 




CAPT. WILLIAM READ 



Silas Peirce Richmond, son of Isaac and Lucinda 
(Peirce) Richmond, was born in Freetown June !'.», Is31, 
on the Richmond Homestead, which has been owned in 
the family continuously since 177.-). Educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Free- 
town and at Peirce 
Academy, Middle- 
boro, he engaged in 
farming and lumber 
business in early life. 
He enlisted in Com- 
pany (t, y,d Regt. ]M. 
V. M. in ]\lay, ISon. 
He was appointed cor- 
poral in April Is,")! ; 
commissioned 4th 
Lieut, of same corn- 
pan)- in August, 1851 ; 
;-!d I^ieut. in August, 
1S53; 1st Lieut, in 
May, l.S;J4; Captain in 
May, 1S55; Major and 
Brigade Inspector 2d 
Brig. M. V. M. July 
2\>, ISHd. He was in Kansas in ls.-)7-S, and scr\'cd with 
John Brown in repelling the Border Ruffians. He returned 
to Massachusetts and was appointed Aid-de-Camp, 'Jd Bri- 
gade, M. V. M., vSept, IT), lsr.8, and in that capacity 
responded to the call for the "Minute Men" April l."i, isci, 
serving at Fortress Monroe and Hampton, \'a., taking- 
part in the battle of Big Bethel June Id, isCil. At tlie 
end of that campaign he returned tn Massachusetts and 
was honorably discharged. On the sth of 2\Iav, Isc-J, he 
was commissioned Lieut. -Colonel, ;!d Regt. M. V. M.,and 
as such responded to the call to reinforce the Army of the 
Potomac at the time of General Banks' retreat in the 
.Shenandoah Valley. In July, ISCrJ, he was ordered by 

107 




COL SILAS P RICHMOND 



lri)\-, Andrew to re(iri>-;inizc and recrnit the -'id Re"!. J\I. \". 
AI, tK the maximum for service in the field. He completed 
that work and the rci^iment was mustered into the U. S. 
ser\-ice, Iniii stron^^', Sept. l.">, isiiL'. He was commis- 
sioned as Colonel of the .'id Regt. Oct. 7, isoi', and on 
Oct. 23, lsCi2, he proceeded with the regiment b}' steamer 
to Newbern, N. C. During that campaign, he participated 
in the Battles of Kingston, White-hall, (Toldsboro, Deep 
(rully, Blounts Creek and in repelling the bombardment 
of Newbern, X. C, he commanded a brigade a part of the 
time. At the end of this term of ser\'ice he returned to 




RESIDENCE OF SAMUEL RICHMOND 1775, IS4AC RICHMOND 1825 
COL SILAS P, RICHMOND 1865 



Mas.sachusetts On the 2.sth of vSeptember, l.Sti:-!, he was 
commi.ssioned Colonel of the .5sth Ma.ss. Vols., and pro- 
ceeded to recruit that regiment. Nov. 21, istiS, he was 
appointed superintendent of recruiting in Bristol, Plym- 
outh, Barnstable, Nantucket and Dukes Counties, and as 
such continued the recruiting of the .".sth Regt. until it 
was ordered to join the Army of the Potomac April 2S, 
ls<',4. July]'.), 1S(;4. he was detailed Asst. Provost Mar- 
shal Oeneral of the Department of the South, and served 
as such at Hilton Head, Savannah, C,a., and Charleston, 
S. C. He was on the first .steamer that reached Savannah 

lOs 



when it was taken, and cm the first U. S. steamer that 
went tn Charleston, when that eitv was eaptured. He Avas 
honorably mustered out of the serx'iee in Sept. l^f,,"). He 
engag'ed in lumber and i^rain business in Indiana and 
Miehij^-an in IsiiT-'.i. Col. Riehmond has been a Justieeof 
the ]\'acefi)r more than f(irt\- \-ears, and is also a Xotary 
Pulilie. He was for ten \-ears ehairman of the Board of 
Seleetmen of Freetown. AsAtiditorin IS.'j+ he prepared 
the first printed report e\-er made of the finanees of I'ree- 




RICHMOND LANDING, FORGE POND, 



town. He has also served as Assessor, Town Clerk and 
Sehool Committee. He .served eighteen years as ^Moderator 
at annual town meetings. He was a Representative in the 
Legislature from the tith Bristol Distriet in bs'.ti'. He was 
a delegate to the National Republiean Convention in IS'.l^ ; 
a turnkey in the Mass. .State Prison IS? !-'.»; deputy keeper 
in the Bristol County House of Correetion l.s7i»-^2; (jen. 
Trav. Agt. C. C. (x. Co. ls,S:i-lj; president Bristol Countv 

109 



Agricultural Society 1S89-91 ; member of Post 1, Mass. G. 
A R. He is a Mason and Knight Templar since ISti;-). 
Jan. 1, lSlt6, he was appointed deputy sheriiT and court 
crier of the Supreme and Superior Courts in Bristol County, 
and now holds that position. 

]\Iarried Elizabeth J. Haskins June 16, 1850. Chil- 
dren: Emma A., born March 10, 1851; Cynthia E., 
March i:., is:,:',; Sarah E. E., July 1, 1854; Walter S., 
Feb. i'-I, 1857; Flora J., May 7, 185!J; Lillian F., Aug. 8, 
is CI. 

]\larried Zadie Scott Jan. 17 
E., born Aug. :i'.i, 1871 ; Roy S. 
:\Iay 11, lss:i; Furrest S., Aug 
7, issil; :\lark H.,Oct. .",, 1881). 



1861J. Children: Annie 
Aug. 3, 1873; Ruth E., 
1, iSSo; Isaac F., Jan. 



H. E[,iiKn)(;ii TinMvIIAm, son of Harvey and Jane 
(Cornish 1 Tiiikham, was born in Middleboro, May 7, 18o2, 
and was educated m the public schools in that town. He 
learned the complete trade of a shoemaker. In 1854 he 

married Betsey D. 
Weaver of Assonet and 
settled down in Free- 
town and carried on 
shoemaking. 

In 1801 he entered 
the U. S. Navy as a 
Master's Mate, and was 
promoted to Ensign in 
1803. He was attached 
at different times to sev- 
eral steamers in the 
Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron. He also par- 
ticipated in .several im- 
portant naval battles, 
among which were the 

ENSIGN H. ELBRiDGE TiNKHAM battlcs of Port Royal, 

110 




New Orleans, Fort 
Fisher and Mobile Bay. 
In the last named battle 
he Avas on the flagship of 
Admiral Farragut and 
received sixteen severe 
splinter^ wounds from 
which he never fidly re- 
covered. He remained 
in the Navy tmtil iMiT, 
when he was honorabh- 
discharged. Afterward he 
was for several years 
Railroad vStation iVgent 
at Assonet. He died 
February 12. Is'.i4, and 
his widow died June H, 

lsim;. 





■j< jiJMfc* 




■^fFM^ 


jMjpags--Ti" <y ^ '^'^THI 


1 %■'' 'v ^ 




a H'^ 




m 




Hi?! 




Ir^ 


' '"i'j.''"j'' — L„-iL''MBiL!y 1 


1 1 




■.'iiM 



CAPT GEORGE D. WILLIAMS 



GEORt.K D. Williams, son of Dr. Seth P. and .Sinai 
( Dean i Williams was born in Freetown, Jan. It, [S'24:. 
He was educated in FreetoAvn schools and the Normal 
School at Bridgewater. After graduation, he taught 
schools in Massachusetts, Illinois and Minnesota. He 
enlisted in Company G, :^>rd Regt., M. V. M., in June, 
1850, and was discharged in June, 1.^5-1-. He re-enlisted 
in the same company in l.s.V,-*; responded to Lincoln's call 
April JTi, ism, and served three months at Fortress 
Monroe, as a .Sergeant : taking part in the destruction of 
the Norfolk Navy Yard, April 2(», l.sci. He enlisted in 
Company F, 29th Mass. Vols., in December, lS(il, and 
was appointed Sergeant. He was detailed as Regimen- 
tal Ordnance .Sergeant during several months. He was 
promoted to 2d Lieut., Jan. 27, Lsi;:!; 1st Lieut., May 21. 
186-1-, Captain, June s, bs<i4, and mustered out Aug. 11, 
1865. For several months he was in garrison at Newport 
News, Va.. In May, 18ti2, he took part in the expedition 
to Norfolk and Suffolk, Va. In June, Ls02, he joined 

111 



the Army of the Potomac, serving in it until ]March, ls(i;!, 
then he went with his regiment to Kentucky, and in 
April joined the army of Gen. Grant in the siege of Vicks- 
burg. After the surrender of Vicksburg he advanced to 
Jackson, Miss. In August, IstiS, he returned to Ken- 
tucky and marched through Cumberland Gap into East 
Tennessee with Gen. Burnside, and was at the siege of 
Knoxville. In April, lsi!4, he came home on veteran 
furlough. In May, Isci, he again joined the Army of the 
Potomac and remained with it until he was mustered out. 
He served during the siege of Petersburg. He displayed 
great gallantry at the Battle of Malvern Hill, where he 
volunteered to take a message to another regiment which 
required him to cross an open field in full view of the 
enemy and exposed to a murderous fire. He walked 
across and back again in the coolest manner, winning 
much praise from his commander and the plaudits of his 
comrades. At the battle of Fort Steadman, Va., before 
daylight, his company was nearly all captured before it 
had time to man the works. While trying to rally his men 
in the darkness, a rebel officer seized him by the throat, 
threw him on the ground and took his sword. In turn 
he knocked the rebel down, recovered his sword, and 
took that of his antagonist and led the rebel, a prisoner, 
to regimental headquarters ; on the way he notified Capt. 
John M. Deane of the next company of the serious state 
of affairs in" the camp, thereby saving that officer from 
capture or perhaps death. The captured sword, which he 
brought home, was marked "Charleston I77(i." Capt. 
Williams was always to be found on the firing line when 
duty called. He was wounded in the left arm at the 
battle of Poplar Grove Church, Va., Aug. 1!>, ls(;4. 

Capt. Williams married Eliza Young Miller of Fall 
River, April iiU, ls(14. After his discharge from the army 
he returned to the homestead farm at Assonet, where he 
died March '.♦, I'.tni. 



112 



LiKL'T. Georce Dukiee, of Freetown, ser\-ed as a 
private in Company A, 8rd Regt., Mass. Vols., as a vSer- 
geant of Company B, 4th Mass. CaA-alry, and as lM Lieut, 
in 21st Regt., U. S. C. T. 

Cai'T. J.\mes R. Matiiewsox came to Freetown in 
185+, and worked in tlie Davis & Thresher (km Factory 
six years. He enlisted in CompanyCr, :-Srd Regt., M.V.M., 
in Aug., lS,"j-l-. He Avas elected 1st Lieut, (from private). 
May S, IS;");-); elected Captain March 4, \sr>7\ resigned 
July, l.s»;o. He joined the 7th Regt., Mass. Vols., and 
was commissioned 2nd Lietit., June i'>, ISCI ; 1st Lieut., 
Nov. lo, 18(il; Captain, Oct. 2.-), iscy. Mustered out 
June 27, 1SH4. He died in Taunton. 

LiEU'i'. Ei'HRAiM H. H.vsKiNS, Son of Russell and 
Mercy Haskins, was born in Freetown. He was a mem- 
ber of Company G, ^rd Regt., M. V. M., and served with 
the companv in the Fortress Munroe campaign in IStil. 
He joined the .Vsth Regt.. Mass. Vols., in ls(;4, served as 
1st Sergt., and was commissioned 2nd I^ieut., Aug. 8, 
1S(;4. He was killed in 
the battle near the Wel- 
don Railroad, Va., Sept. 
HO, lS(i4. 

L I E U T. J I) H .\ A. 
Sa\'I.es, of .Somerset, 
Mass., enlisted in Com- 
pany G, Mrd Regt.,M.\''. 
M.,in June, isr)."); dis- 
charged July, Is.^Ci. Lie 
was a 1st Lieut, in the 
2i)th Regt., :\Liss. Vols., 
Dec. i;'., l.stil, and served 
with that regiment until 
Sept. 12, ]S(;2, when he 
resigned. 

I>i eut. G eo kc e H. 
Wixsi.ow, son of Abner 




LIEUT, GEORGE H WINSLOW. 



n;j 



Winslow, was born in Freetown. He enlisted in Com- 
pany G, ;^ird Regt., 'SL. V. ^[.. in Is.")."); was discharged 
Jan. Ml, Is.")!', and mustered into Company G (Fall River), 
'-'fith Regt., jMass. Vols., Sept. -l-i-, IsiM. He served as 
Private, Corporal, Sergeant, and was commissioned I'd 
Lieut., Mav >'>!, isi;:!. He was mustered out Nov. T, ISd-l:. 

Capt. Hir.vm B. Wetiierei.l was appointed by Pres- 
ident Lincoln a Captain and Quarter-Master in the Reg- 
ular Armv and served during the Rebellion. After the 
war he came to Freetown and lived on the homestead of 
Capt. Elisha Pratt, the father of his wife. For 25 years 
he was prominent in town affairs, serving on the school 
committee several terms. 

The following men enlisted in the Spanish-American 
War, Inks, viz. : — 

]\liLTON Irvinc; Deane, Gunner's Mate, U. S. Moni- 
tor, Lehigh. 

Pembroke Peirce, Company F, 1st Regt., M. V. M. 

Frank Russell Winc, Company I, Lst Regt., R. L 
A'olunteers. 



Soldiers buried in Freetown, whose graves are dec 
orated each Memorial Day : 

Ass()m;i CEME■^ER^■. , 

, irnr of Rebellion. 

John Q. Adams, Russkll Haskins, 

Chester W. Brkjgs, Ch.nrles R. Haskins, 

Clement C. Cannon, Sam. C. Hathaway, 

James C. Clark, Lvndk, Hathaway, 

(.teorge H. Dean, Andrew T. Hamhly, 

William R. Dean, RoiiERi- Jenkins, 

Joseph W. Dunham, John VV. Marble, 

WiLLiA.M H. Fisher, John H. Nichols, 

Joseph W. Goff, Luihi.r Pickens, 

James H. Haskell, William Pratt, 

Abram Haskell, Enos B. Payne, 

Abra.m H. Haskell, Eiienezer W. Pierce, 

lU 



James M. Peirce, H. E. Tinkham, 

William Read, Joseph B. Weaver, 

Edward E. Read, Thomas Westgate, 

William Rose, _ William S. Winslow, 

Andrew J. Thresher, Joseph W. Winslow, 

James Thompson, Elery B. Wyatt, 
George D, Williams. 

Bkalev CKMKI'KRY. 
War of Rebellion. 
Philo L. Braley, Martin Haskell, 

George McCully. Williaji Haskell, 

Ephraim Haskell, Phineas Reynolds, 

Brai.evviij.k Ci'.metery. 

War of Rebellion. 
John Westgate, Preserved Westgate. 

War of I Si 2. 
Roger Haskell, Thomas Westgate. 

Noah Reynolds, 

Chack Ci;-\ieterv. 

War of Rebellion. 
Azel Chace, James F. Vinal. 

]]'ar of 1812. 
Asa Spooner, 

Morton Cemetery. 

War of Rebellion. \ 

Andrew J. Fuller, Edmund Williams. 

Charles T. Peirce. 

War of Revolution. 
Joseph Cole, Isaac Peirce. 

Nathaniel Morton, 

RlCii-.MoMi Cemetern . 
]\'ar of iSi 2 . 
John Rich.mo.vd, Isaac Rich.mond, 

Samuel Rich.mond. Jr. Abra.m Richmond. 

War of Revolution. 

SajMUEL Richjiond, Jonathan Richmond. 

James Richmond, 

lir, 



R( ) U X S \- 1 L LE C K > 1 ET E R\' . 

JJ'ar of Rebellion. 
Albert E. Chace, James M. Hervev, 

Seth H. Chace, Simon D. Rounsville, 

Fisher A. Cleveland, Calvin Thomas. 

War of 1S12. 
Gilbert Rounsville, Thomas Rounsville. 

Silas Rounsville, 

War of Revolution. 
Levi Rounsville. 

White CKMETER^■. 

War of Rebellion. 
Ephraim Boomer, Oliver Washburn. 

S. A. Macomber, 

]Var of 1 81 2. 
Elijah Parker 

Philip E\axs Burial Ground. 

War of Rebellion. 
William Thorpe. 

Michael Hatiia\va\' Burial Ground. 

]Var of Rebellion. 

Russell H Hathaway. 

War of jS/2. 
Michael Hai'hawav. 

Ouaker Burial Gkounl. 

War of Rebellion. 
John Bovcf. Samuel Peirce. 

Plummer Burial Ground. 

JJ'ar of Rebellion. 
Andrew Lawton. 

Payxe Burl\l Ground. 

War of Rebellion. 
George. O. Houohton, Henry B. Payne. 

Charles C. Payne, 

U 'ar of 1 81 2. 
Henry Payne, George Payne. 

116 



The Lawyers. 



BY BENJAMIN BUFFINTON. 



William A. Leonard, of Raynham, was gradtiated 
from Brown University in 179H. He was among the first 
of the profession to practice law at Assonet Village in 
Freetown. He boarded in the family of Col. Benjamin 
Weaver, and used the west front chamber of the colonel's 
house for his office until he finished a building constructed 
of lumber sent from Raynham. This building stood a 
short distance south of the Congregational meeting-house, 
and was used for a school house in later years. Mr. 
Leonard remained at Freetown only a short time and 
then returned to Raynham. 

Washixcton Hathaway, a native of Freetown, was 
the son of Joseph and Eunice ( Winslow ) Hathaway. He 
was born September 4, 1777, and was graduated from 
Brown University in 17'.»s. His law office stood on the 
north side of Water Street. He commenced the practice 
of law in or about isoii. He died February lit, Isls. 

Georcl Bonum Nne Holmes, a native of Roches- 
ter, was the son of Abraham and Bethiah (Nye) Holmes. 
He was admitted to Plymouth County bar, April, isoii. 
He located in Freetown about islo, in a building on the 
north-west corner of Main and Water Streets, and prac- 
ticed law in Freetown and Fall River. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Abigail Payne, of 
Freetown, January s, lsl:-5. Mr. Holmes was a brother 
of Charles J. Holmes, Esq., a lawyer of great ability and 

117 



a leading citizen of Fall River for many years. In the 
war of 1sl2, Air. George B. N. Holmes served in the 
United States na\'y. 

Hercules Cl'shmax was born in jNIiddleboro. He 
there studied law, and soon after his admittance to the 
bar he was appointed clerk of the Plymouth County Court 
and was elected as representative to the State Legislature. 
In IsJ.") he settled in Freetown, whence he was sent as 
Representative to the General Court for eight sessions. 
He served one year, IsiiH, in the Governor's Council. He 
was also a Collector of Customs. He served in the militia 
of Bristol County and was elected Colonel of the Fifth 
Regiment. He returned to Aliddleboro in isi's, and was 
again sent to the State Legislature. He died in 1X-V2. 
He Avas a man highly honored by his fellow-citizens and 
eminently successful in his profession. 

Hezeki.aii Battelle wasborn in Dover, Mass., May i', 
1 7.SS. He was a graduate of Brown Uni\'crsity in the class 
of lsl<), and afterwards studied law in the office of Hercules 
Cushman, the honored attorney of Freetown. Upon his 
admission to the bar he became partner of Mr. Cushman, 
but onl)- for a few years, when he removed to Swansea 
and there practiced law until Isl'T. Then he settled per- 
manently in Fall Ri\'er, and for many years was one of 
the foreiiKjst men of the bar in this vicinity. He was 
actively interested in all matters relating to the welfare of 
his adopted home, filling manv offices of trust and respon- 
sibility. He was a member of the Massachusetts House 
of Representatives ls:!S-.'!l», and l>i-l-'S-4'.). He died Jan- 
uary 2-2, IsT:^. 

RuFUs Bacon was a native of Rochester, and came 
to Freetown in 1^14. Fie occupied the same office that 
was used by Air. Holmes. He was interested in the mili- 
tia of the State and was commissioned Captain of the 
Assonet Light Infantry Company, June IH, IMS, which 
he held for six years. He was a member of General 

lis 



Court for the year IsiiT, and chairman of the County 
Commissiiniurs for 'ix-^x. He removed to the State of 
New York during the latter year. The house now owned 
and used for a parsonage by the Congregational Society 
was built and occupied by ;\Ir. Bacon. 

Ezra Wilkinson was born in Wrentham, ]\Iass., Feb- 
ruary 14, isnl, and died in Dedham, Mass., February •'., 
Issi!. He was graduated from Brown University in the 
class of ls:i4, and Avas admitted to the bar in ls:is. He 
came to Freetown in ]\larch, Is^i), and opened a law office 
in the same building that was used by ]\Ir. Holmes and 
^Ir. Bacon. He soon moved to Seekonk, Mass., and in 
1 s:;."i he moved to Dedham, Mass., where he remained 
iintil his death. He was a member of ^lassachusetts 
House of Representatives three sessions; a member of 
the ^lassachusetts Constitutional Convention in Is.'i:!, and 
Associate Justice of Massachusetts vSuperior Court from 
\s:,\t to iss:.'. 

William H. Eudv, a native of ]\liddleboro, was grad- 
uated from Brown University in iSol, and settled in 
Freetown in ls,s.5; but because of poor health he soon 
returned to Middleboro, where he died in IsMs. 

JosLi'ii H.\THAWAV was born in Freetown, ]\Iarch 9, 
IT'.i'.L He was the son of John and Betsey AVinslowi 
HathawaA'. He was a graduate of Brown Universitv in 
ls-2(). He located and practiced law in Fall River in 
Isl'.-, to ls:;7. The first newspaper printed in Fall River 
was "The Monitor," which was first published January t>, 
isi'.'i. by Nathan Hall. Mr. Hathaway was its first editor. 
He was considered one of the most brilliant law vers of his 
dav. He was elected a member of the < reneral Court in 
1 si>7. He came to Assonct in ls;;7, where he opened a 
law office. He went back to Fall River in 1si4, but 
soon returned to Assonet, where he died April It, Isi;."). 
He was during his life distinguished as a temperance 
lecturer. 

119 



Ei.NAriiAN p. Ha iHi:\\ A^ was born November 11'. 
IT'.tT, in Freetown, Mass. He was the son of Dr. Nicholas 
and Anna Peirce Hatheway. Elnathan fitted for collet^'e at 

Pei r ce A e a d e m y i n 
Middleboro, and was 
graduated from Brown 
University in the ckiss 
of isls. He stndied 
law and located for 
practice in Assonet 
Villao-e. He was en- 
eayfed for many years 
in most of the impor- 
tant cases that came 
before the courts of 
Bristol County. Pie 
held man^• offices in 
the town, ^•iz. : ^Vsses- 
so r for fi \' e \' e a rs. 
Treasurer for one year. 
Senator for one year, 
ELNATHAN p HATHEWAY R cprcscntatiyc to the 

(icncral Court for li\-e ^•ears. member of the Massachu- 
setts Constitutional Con\-cntion in \s:,:',. He married 
Salome Cushman. He died January 2:-!, Is.Vs. 

Xi. ii(ii As Haiiii:\\a\, son of Elnathan P. and Salome 
(Cushman i Halhewa\-, was born in Freetown, Septem- 
ber :;. iM'-f. He attended the public schools of his native 
town, and Philli]:)s Aeadem\'. Fie fitted fin- colleu'c at 
Pierce AcadeniN" at Middleboro, and A\'as gradfiated from 
Brown Uni\-ersit\- in the class of Is-f7. He studicfl law 
in his father's <")ftice. prc])arator\- to beint.;' admitted to 
the bnr a^ a law\-cr in his nati\-e town. In ls."it; he was 
elected to the State Senate; in Is.'jT he was appointed 
weigher and ganger in the Custom House at Boston, and 
held the office until IsCil. He remo\-ed to Fall River in 
JMlT, where he resumed the practice of law, and for vcars 

VM 




was an active member of the bar of Bristol County, being 
the successful attorney for the defendant in many crim- 
inal cases. ]\lr. Hatlieway was elected alderman in JsT-t; 
a member of the General Court in l-sT.^, and was Post- 
master at Fall River under the adniinistration of President 
Cleveland. He was elected Citv Solicitor for the vear 
is'.tn. j\lr. Hatheway is well and favorably known as a 
political speaker, having alwa\'s been a worker in the 
ranks of the Democratic party. His son, Nicholas Hathe- 
way, yr,, was graduated at Brown University, class of 
Iss;!. He studied in the law oi£ce of Braley & Swift, 
preparatory to being admitted to the bar in Isss, He is 
now a practicing lawvcr in Fall River. 

JuDcE Hknkv K. Braley was born in Rochester, 
Mass., the son of .Samuel T. and Mary King Braley. His 
grandfather Abner Bralev married Polly Hinds of Free- 
town, and lived for a short time in East Freetown, 
moving from there to Fairhaven, where their son Sam- 
uel T. was born. They then moved to that part of North 
Rochester known as Braley Hill. Bradford Braley, the 
brother of Abner Braley, was elected Selectman of Free- 
town in l.s.'iH, and twice went as Representative to the 
Legislature, Judge Braley was educated in the common 
school of his native town, Rochester Academy and Peircc 
Academy at Middleboro. He studied law with Hon. 
Hosea Kingman at Bridgewater, and was admitted to the 
bar in Plymouth County, October, lsT:>. He began to 
practice law in Fall River, December, Is?:!. He served 
the citv as Citv Solicitor in ls74, and as Alayor in Issi' 
and lss,3. He was appointed a judge of the Superior 
Corjrt in IMH. He married Caroline W., daughter of 
Philander and vSarah L. Leach. 

When acting officially he is one of the few men who 
come at once to the point and who say nothing unless they 
have something relevant to say. The recent testimony of 
a Boston newspaper may fittingly be quoted in character- 
ization of the judge: "No ^lassachusetts judge seems to 

121 



fit better in his place than does jndge Bralev in the 
equity session. Prompt in the despatch of business, quick 
to see the points at issue, able instantly to disentangle the 
web of sophistry, or clear away the clouds of misstate- 
ment, misunderstanding, or doubt, he pierces to the very 
marrow of the question, and decides ablv, fairlv and 
courageously." 

Note. — December 17, 1903, Governor \V. Murray Crane worthily 
advanced Judge Braley to a seat on the bench of the Supreme Judicial 
Court, vice Judge Marcus P. Knowlton elevated to Chief Justice. 

The Hon. James M. Morton was born on Septem- 
ber ."ith, 1S87. His parents, James M. and Sarah (Tobey) 
Morton, were both nati\-es of the eastern part of the town 
of Freetown. 

Judge Morton was educated in the Fall River High 
School, Brown University, and the Harvard Law School. 
He began the practice of law in the office of the late 
Judge Lapham. 

In isii-t he formed a partnership with Hon. John S. 
Brayton and later Hon. Andrew J. Jennings was taken 
into the firm, which continued until Judge Morton's 
appointment to the vSupreme Judicial Court of this State 
by(i()\'ernor Brackett, in .September, ISDo. 

The \'acancy on the Bench which Judge Morton was 
called to fill was made bv the promotion of Associate 
Justice Walkridge A. Field to the place of Chief Justice, 
a position which, up to that time, had been held for many 
years by the Hon. Marcus Mcjrton, who was also a descend- 
ant of the East Freetown familv. 



122 



The Physicians. 



BY PALO ALTO PIERCE. 



EARLY in the beginning of the seventeenth century we 
hear of an old midwife called Granny Brightman, 
whose circuit of practice was very extensive. She lived 
in the southern part of Freetown, near Slade's Ferry. 
On one occasion we find her in Beech Woods in Lakeville, 
pressing onward in a severe snow-storm to the assistance 
of a suffering sister. Her horse gave out and .she called 
upon Isaac Peirce (who had squatted there), for a fresh 
one, but he refused her and allowed her to pursue her 
journey as best she could. This was not the end of it, 
however, for when Isaac Peirce, — who was a Quaker, and 
had left the ^lassachusetts Bay Colon)' on account of the 
bitter feeling which still continued there toward those 
professing that faith, — next went to the Friends' Quarterly 
]kleeting at Swansea, whom should he find there but Granny 
Brightman? She had come to enter complaint against him 
for refusing her assistance in her time of need, and after 
a patient hearing it was determined as the sense of the 
meeting, that he should make to her a formal and humble 
acknowledgement of his fault, which he accordingly did. 
In 17:!4, Alarch twent)--sixth, the town x-oted to 
Thomas Brownell the sum of six pounds to doctor Hannah 
Xegus one month, and again the said Brownell was paid 
the next vear for similar serxiccs li\'e pounds, ten shil- 
lings, and was to find meat for himself and furnish his 

own horse. 

\2n 



Dr. John Turner, a native of Freetown, living at 
what was then called Bowenville, within the present limits 
of Fall River, had a practice which extended as far as 
Newport on the south, where his services were constantly 
in demand during the Revolution. In inanner he was 
verv brusque. The story is told of his having been called 
to losiah Winslow, one of the settlers, who had while 
attempting to mend his chimney by standing on the 
trammel, sustained a fall and injury to his head. Dr. 
Turner arriving, and asking the usual "How d'ye do," 
his patient answered in a faint voice, "Oh doctor, I'm 
afraid I've knocked my brains out! " " Pshaw, Mr. Wins- 
low, no such thing, you never had any brains," was the 
doctor's reply. Dr. Turner was of large frame and well 
proportioned, and lived to a good old age highly esteemed 
among his brethren. He had two sons who were physi- 
cians. John, the younger, born March 2'J, 174S, com- 
menced practice in Freetown and had the care of a hos- 
pital for inoculation of small-pox in 1777. He was also 
employed by the Government in the Navy. 

Dr. JiossE BiLLOCK came into Freetown over one 
hundred \'ears ago, from Rehoboth. He married Mehit- 
able AVinslow in ntiTi. In 177-1- he was chosen one of a 
committee to draft resolutions expressive of the sense of 
the town in regard to the destruction of the tea in Boston 
Harbor. In 1777 Dr. Bullock was recommended to have 
the care of a hospital for the inoculation of small pox. 
In 177'.' he was chosen chairman of a committee to draw 
up instructions for a delegate to the Constitutional Con- 
vention of 17s<i. In 17n.'! he was elected Representative 
to General Court. He was also appointed a Justice of the 
Peace. He had an extensive practice, at least territorially, 
and was a man of wide reading and general intelligence, 
and was considered an authoritv in his profession. 

Dr. William Cari-knter was born in Rehoboth in 
1771, pursued his medical studies with his uncle. Dr. Jesse 
Bullock, and finally took a large share of the practice. 

124 



V'ith medical literature and many of those branches 
usually pursued in medical schools, he was probably not 
intimately acquainted ; his knowledge was obtained rather 
at the bedside of the sick than from books. He possessed 
a delicacy of discrimination which the mere book-worm 
might envy. His method of treatment was heroic, and 
he was very successful. His native good sense, mechan- 
ical turn of mind and a lack of anything like timidity in 
seasons of danger, eminently fitted him for his profession. 
He was famed for his success in treatment of intermittent 
fever bv active emetics and cathartics. He was naturallv 
irascible and combative, and had it not been for his relig- 
ious principle he might have been quarrelsome, for he 
frequently acknowledged that the control of his temper 
had cost him many a severe effort. Dr. Carpenter's influ- 
ence in public and private was thrown decidedly on the 
side of order and good morals. He died December (i. 
ls4it, aged 7s years. 

Dr. NiciKii.As H.\ THEWAV was contemporar}' with Dr. 
Carpenter. Born in North Dighton, December 4, ITTM, 
he was the son of Stephen and Hope (Peirce) Hatheway. 
He graduated from Brown University in June, 17'.t4, and 
commenced the practice of medicine in Freetown the same 
year. He married Anna Peirce, December :!, ITU."!. In 
ITiMl he had what was called a pest-hou.se, and one thou- 
sand persons went thither to be inoculated, there to 
remain six weeks. Dr. Hatheway attended for this period 
and recei\'ed from each patient two dollars for his ser- 
vices. He practiced in Freetown twenty-three years, and 
was very generally beloved. Dr. Hatheway and Mr. 
David Leonard (grandfather of Secretary John Hay) mar- 
ried sisters, and in IMT both men with their families 
moved to Ohio, to the great regret of their townspeople. 
Mr. Guilford H. Hathaway used to tell how he remem- 
bered, as a small boy, sitting down by the roadside and 
crying when he saw Dr. Hatheway's hou.sehold goods 
being carried awav. His wife Anna died Sept. 2x, is-j'i, 

125 



and April l"i, 1^24, Dr. Hatheway married ]Mrs. I'^lizabcth 
Morton, widow of 1 )avid ?.I<>rton. A daughter Anna, born 
in Isl'7, afterward ]\Ir.s. Gillespie, was the only child b)- 
this marriau'e. He died August 24, ls4S. Dr. Hathewav 
went west with the intention of quitting the practice of 
medicine, but the localit\- where he settled was malarial, 
and his medical services were in such demand that he 
acquired a A-cr\- extensive practice. All his traveling was 
done on horseback ; once even he rode t(.) Massachirsetts 
and returned upon his horse. He was at one time Asso- 
ciate fustice for Uniijn County and a Representative to the 
Ohio State Legislature in 1^22, lSo4-3r). He was a man of 
great abilit\-, in politics a strong Jacksonian Detnocrat. 
He Avas porth', of a commanding presence, and was affable, 
generous, and enjo\"ed fully the confidence of everyone 
who knew him. 

Dk. TiioM.vs liiMi' succeeded Dr. Hathewav. He 
was born in ]\Iiddlcboro, Jul_\- s, IT'.Mi, and died ( )eto- 

ber ;-), ISTT, aged sT 
years. He fitted for 
college at Pierce i\cad- 
emy in j\Iiddleboro, 
being a student there 
at the (jpening in Isns, 
and \\-as graduated 
from Bro\\ui Univer- 
sity in 1 sl4. in choice 
oi a profession his 
mind was first direct- 
ed toward the minis- 
try, Init he finalK- de- 
cided upon the prac- 
tice of medicine, stud\'- 
ing with Dr. Arad 
Thompson of Aliddlc- 
boro till prepared to 

practice, and then en- 
i-JG 




THOMAS BUMP, M D 



tering the extensive field of Dr. Nicliolas Hatlieway in 
Freetown, wliicli the latter had concluded to abandon, 
and continuing in it for nearly sixty years. Unlike most 
physicians he kept his prices down to the old standard, 
extracting a tooth for "ninepence" and charging from a 
quarter of a dollar to thirty-seven and a half cents for 
a visit, and if the patient was poor rarely calling for pay- 
ment of these small sums. The war prices caused by the 
Rebellion compelled him to increase his charges, which 
even then he did not allow to exceed fifty cents a visit. 
Dr. Bump was repeatedly elected to the school board, 
where he served twelve years. He was Town Clerk in 
the years lS'24,-'25,-'3'2,-'33,-'34:, and was a Selectman in 
Is-js. He was a Representative to the General Court in 
1S2S--29, was commissioned Justice of the Peace Febru- 
ary 25, 1S30, and Surgeon of the 5th Regiment of local 
militia in ISls. In politics he was a Democrat, not simply 
by profession, but by heart. In fact he was too honest a 
man to be anything by profession that he was not in real- 
ity. He married, jiist before he came to Freetown, Aliss 
Pulcheria Olney of Providence. 

There were some other physicians in town in the 
century covered by Dr. Hatheway and Dr. Bump. Dr. 
Joshua H. Brett, son of the first minister ordained in 
Freetown, born June 2'.i, 1751, was a physician of some 
note, and was also chosen a school-master for the year 
1783. A Dr. James Ashley, who lived in the easterly 
part of the town, had a medical bill allowed by the town 
in 1804. Dr. Cornelius Tobey, who appears as a vSclect- 
man in 1.s<m;, was son of Dr. Tobey of Dartmouth, a man 
quite distinguished in his time, being the preceptor of 
Dr. William Baylies of Dighton and Dr. Ebenezer 
Winslow of Swansea. Dr. Oliver Cushing had an 
account allowed in 18U;. He was a graduate of the 
medical department of Brown University and he re- 
mained but a year in Freetown. Dr. Scth E. Pratt, 
son of Dr. Seth Pratt of Easton, commenced prac- 

137 



lice in Taunton near 
^Ivricksville in is:',-_'and 
rcni(i\'ccl til Freet(.>wn 
in ls."i."i. He remained 
(inh" about tliree vears, 
when he returned to 
Easton. where lie died 
shortly after. Dr. B. 
W. Hathaway, a nati\'e 
<if Freetown, stttdied 
with Dr. Pratt and Dr. 
Swan. After praetising 
here with more eredit 
to himself than proiit, 
he remoN'ed to Fall 
Ri\'er, and later went 
to California. 




THOMAS G NICHOLS, M U 



[ohn 
and 



Dk. TudM.vs G. Nichols, a son of Cajitain 
Niehols, was born in Freetown, NoN'ember '.•, \x\\ 
reeeived his literary edueation at Union College, where 
he was graduated in 1 s-l-:-! with high standing in his class. 
In the Fall of ls-l-4 he began studying with Dr. Willard 
Parker in New York City, and attended the course of 
lectures at the College of Physicians and Stirgeons in 
that city the succeeding winter. He next studied at the 
Jefferson ^ledical College in Philadelphia, and returned 
to Freetown to begin the practice of medicine there in 
1S47. In ls.">L' he was married to ]\Iiss Irene Lazell, 
daughter of Barzillai Crane of Berkele\'. In IsCi^ Dr. 
Nichols became a partner and the financial manager in 
the firm of N. R. I)a\"is & Co., continuing this connection 
until his death, February Itl, l.S.s:',. He was for o\-er 
thirtx' A'cars an actiye and influential member of the Con- 
gregational Church in Assonet, a man who took a deep 
interest in public affairs and was foremost in all that 
pertained to the best interests of the town. 

128 



Dr. Edmuxu Valextixe Hathaway was born in 
Freetown, January is, IsSs, the son of Capt. Edmund 
Hathaway. He was graduated from Brown University in 
1S4(), studied medicine and located in Providence, R. I., 
where he practised until the gold mines of California 
were discovered in 1S4H, when he went to San Francisco 
and later entered the commission and warehouse business 
with his brother, Charles W. Hathaway. As a member 
of the Vigilance Committee of IS.Vi, he became a promi- 
nent figure in the stirring affairs of that time. The 
brothers were generous supporters of vStarr King's church. 
Dr. Hathaway was married in ls(>-2 to Miss Katherine 
A. Buffum of Providence, R. I. He was a resident of 
■ Berkeley, Cal., at the time of his death, December in, 
lsit'.». Although he never practised medicine in Free- 
town, mention of him among our physicians seems most 
appropriate, as he never lost interest in his native town, 
the bell of the Christian Church being a gift from him. 

Dr. Joseph C. Hatheway, .son of Hon. Elnathan P. 
Hatheway, was born in Freetown in IsSli. He studied 
medicine with Dr. Bitmp for one year, then entered the 
Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, where he grad- 
uated in 1 «.")(■), and at once established an office in Ottawa, 
Illinois. He was one of the oldest members of the La 
Salle County Medical Society, and has acted as president 
of the same. He was also connected with the State Med- 
ical vSociety. At one time he held the position of County 
Physician and Surgeon, and was an efficient member of 
the United States Board of Pension Examiners. In is.'iT 
the doctor married Miss Annie Crane of, Ass(mct. She 
died March ].-|, Isc,."), and he married Miss Mary J. Chrirch 
in June, Isiil, and again February !), Is'.iT, he married 
]\Irs. C. S. Phelps. 

Dr. Bradi'ord Braley was the youngest son of 

Ezekiel and Mary (Tripp) Braley. Born July 1::!, IT'.*-"!, 

he commenced his life of usefulness by going am<ing the 

sick as a nurse, and on the death of Dr. SpiJ(.)ner of Long 

129 



Pkiin. purchased his books and qualified himself for his 
subsequent h^ni^' and successful practice. He held \-ari- 
ous toAvn offices, was a Justice of the Peace for many 
years and twice represented his town in the LeL;'islature. 
He married Patience Parker, bv whom he had nine 'sons 
and three daughters. Three sons, Alphonso C, Alonzo 
H., Philo L., and his two sons-in-law, Lemuel Washburn 
and (reorge ^IcCullv, were in the Union Army, and two 
died of disease contracted in the service. Dr. Braley died 
February 7, ls7i'. He was an uncle of his Honor, H. K. 
Braley of Fall River. 

Dr. Sktii p. Wii.i.i.\.ms, father of the late Capt. (jeorge 
Dean Williams practiced in Freetown for quite a term of 
years, and it is regretted that it is impossible for the ■ 
writer to give a detailed acc<jtuit of his life. 

Contemporary for a short time with l)v. Bump and 
finally absorbing the entire practice, was Dk. H|':xk\' H,\m- 
iLidX Si'Rd.vr, son of Earl and liethania vSproat, and 

a grandson of Judge 
AVeston of Plymouth 
County. He was born 
in ]\Iiddleboro on April 
1", IS4--2. He spent his 
early life at the old 
.Sproat homestead in 
Aluttock, a house not- 
able for the fact that 
Lafayette once S])ent 
the night there, while 
B e n j a m i n F r a n k 1 i n 
held receptions in it. 
LI e a 1 1 c n d e d P e i r c e 
A c a d e m }• a n d r e a d 
medicine with Dr. 
Comstock, later attend- 
ing the Harvard Aled- 

ical School, where he 
1 :-!f) 




HENRY H SPROAT, M D 




CHARLES A BRIGGS, M, 0. 



was g-raduatcd Avilh 
honor in Isiiri, He 
A\-as then chosen for 
immediate ser\'iee in 
the army, bein<4- ap- 
pointed Acting;- Assist- 
ant Suro'eon of tlie 
i^'ith Army Corps, and 
alter Lee's surrender 
was sent to Texas, 
where he was dis- 
eharg-ed on account of 
illness in September, 
1m;.-,. Next he estab- 
lished a practice in 
East Taunton, but 
after a short time he 
went to California, 
extending; the tour to China and japan. Upon returning; 
to San Francisco he accepted the post of surgeon on one 
of the Pacific ]\Iail Steamers running between San Fran- 
cisco and Panama. When these trips were discontinued 
he came east and located in Assonet in IsCiH. In Se]3tcm- 
ber, 1.s7l', he married Katherine, daughter of John and 
Kllen Thorpe. He resided in Assonet until his death, 
]\Iarch 1-I-, ls'.t:i. He was a member of the ^MassachuseUs 
Society of the Cincinnati, inheriting membership from 
his uncle. Col. Ebenezer Sproat of Re\'olutionar\' fame, 
wdio was (me of the charter members. He was also a 
member of the ^Massachusetts Medical Sociclx'. lie \\'as 
considered an authoritv as a ph\'sician, and was a genial 
man of generous nature, a stranger to sophistr\-. 

Dr. CiI-M^I.KS A. Kkh.cs, the present idn'sician, ^va^ 
born in Charlesto\vn, iMass., I)cceml)er l'.^i, Imi:'.. He 
attended the public schools in I-Jrockton. was graduated 
from Brown Uni^"ersitv in bss.^j, and studied at the Long 
Island College Hospital from Ism; to Iss'.i. He was 



appointed interne at the hospital after L^raduation and 
remained there one year. In 1. •>'.•] he Avent to Swansea, 
but in is'.i'J came to Assonet, in Freetown. The esteem 
in which he is lield speaks for itself and needs no 
comment. 




RESIDENCE OF CHARLES A BRIGGS, M 



Vii 




TOWN HALL— BUILT 



Town Officers. 



LIST OF CLERKS. TREASURERS. SELECTMEN. ASSESSORS, 
SCHOOL COMMITTEES. POSTMASTERS. STATE REP- 
RESENTATIVES. SENATORS. GOVERNORS 
COUNCILORS. AND GOVERNOR. 



1M:! 




JOSEPH S TAYLOR. 



PALO ALTO PEIRCE. 




RESIDENCE OF JOSEPH S TAYLOR 

134 



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CHARLES BRALEY 



GEORGE B. CUDWORTH. 





JOHN H, EVANS 



GILBERT M NICHOLS 



143 



ASSESSORS OF FREETOWN. 



169U 

1691 

1692-96 

1697 

1698-99 

1700 

1701 

1702-' 03 

1704 

1705 

1706 

1707 

1708-'09 

1710 

1711 

1713 

1718 

1714 

1715-111 

1717 

171H 

1719 

1720 

1721 

1722 

1723 

1724 

1725-29 

1780 

1781 

1733 

1788 

1734 

1735 

1736-44 

1745 

1746 

1747-4'.) 

17.50 

1751 

1752 

1753 

17.54 



John Reed, Samuel Gardiner. 

John Reed, Job Winslow, Samuel Gardiner, Benjamin 

No record. [Chase, Robert Durfee. 

Joshua Tisdale, Samuel Rowland, John Simmons. 

No record. 

Job "Winslow, John Hathaway, William Makepeace. 

Job Winslow, Josiah Winslow, Robert Durfee. 

Job Winslow, Joshua Tisdale, Thomas Terry. 

Josiah Winslow, Joshua Tisdale, Nicholas Morey. 

Job Winslow, John Hathaway, John Terry. 

Josiah Winslow, Thomas Thurston, John Terry. 

John Hathaway, Thomas Thurston, John Terry. 

Josiah Winslow, Ralph Earl, William Winslow. 

Job Winslow, Ralph Earl, Joseph Reed. 

Jonathan Dodson, Thomas Terry, Joseph Reed. 

Josiah Winslow, Thomas Terry, William Winslow. 

Jonathan Dodson, Joseph Borden, George Winslow. 

No record. 

Capt. Constant Church, Wm. Winslow, Jos. Brightman. 

Robert Durfee, Thomas Thurston, Joseph Brightman. 

Thomas Terry, Joseph Reed, Samuel Tisdale. 

George Winslow, Nicholas Morey, Thomas Gage. 

Walter Chase, John Hathaway, Isaac Hathaway. 

Capt. Josiah Winslow, Capt. Chas. Church, Thos. Thurston. 

Ebenezer Hathaway, Capt. Chas. Church, Jona. Dodson. 

Samuel Valentine, Capt. Chas. Church, David Cudworth. 

Thomas Terry, Esq., Jacob Hathaway, Samuel Forman. 

Walter Chase, Jacob Hathaway, Geo. Winslow, Benj, Chase, 

No record. 

Thomas Terry, Jacob Hathaway, Samuel Forman. 

No record. 

Thomas Terry, Jacob Hathaway, Samuel Forman. 
Thomas Terry, Jacob Hathaway, Samuel Forman. 
Barnabas Tisdale, Ambrose Barnaby, Steven Chase. 
Barnabas Tisdale, John Winslow, Abiel Terry. 
Samuel Tisdale, James Chase, Steven Chase. 
John Winslow, James Chase, Steven Chase. 
John AVinslow, Samuel Valentine, Abiel Terry. 
Steven Chase, George Chase, Abiel Terry. 

, George Chase, Abiel Terry. 

Ambrose Barnaby, Joshua Boomer, Abiel Terry. 
144 



AMT. 
RAISED. 



$100.00 



66.67 



383.83 



333.83 
456.50 



2(;f; 67 



AvSSESSCmS OF frp:etc)wx. 



1755 

175(i 

1757 

1758 

1759 

1760 

1701 

17i;3 

1763 

17(i4 

1765 

1766 

1707 

1768 

170'.l 

1770 

1771 

1773 

1773 

1774 

1775 

1770 

1777 

1778 

177H 

17WI) 

17S1 

1782 

1783 

1784 

1785- 

1787 

1 788 

1789 

1790 

1791 

1792 

1793 

1794 

1795 

1796 

1797 



AMT. 
RAISKII. 



86 



Ambrose Barnaby, Joshua Boomer, Abiel Terry. 
Ambrose Barnaby, Capt. Geo. Brightman, Abiel Terry. 
Thomas Durfte 3nd, Abraham Burden, James Chase. 
No record. 

Thomas Durfee 2nd, Nathan Simmons, Philip Hathaway. 
Thomas Durfee 2nd, Nathan Simmons, Philip Hathaway. 
Thomas Liurfee 2nd, Nathan Simmons, Abiel Terry. 
Thomas Uurfee 2nd, James Winslow, Abiel Terry. 
Thomas Durfee 2nd, Nathan Simmons, Philip Hathaway. 
Thomas Durfee 2nd, Nathan Simmons, Philip Hathaway. 
Thomas Durfee 2nd, Nathan Simmons, Philip Hathaway. 
Thomas Durfee 2nd, Nathan Simmons, Philip Hathaway. 
Thomas Durfee 2nd, Nathan Simmons, Philip Hathaway. 
Thomas Durfee 2nd, Abraham Burden, Thos. Gilbert, Esq. 
Thomas Durfee 2nd, Jael Hathaway, Thos. Gilbert, Esq. 
Thomas Durfee 2nd, Jael Hathaway, Thos. Gilbert, Esq. 
Thomas Durfee 2nd, Jael Hathaway, George Chase. 
Stephen Burden, George Winslow, Samuel Barnaby. 
Stephen Burden, George Chase, Simuel Barnaby. 
Eli,sha Parker, George Chase, Samuel Barnaby. 
Joshua Hathaway, Thomas White, Samuel Barnaby. 
George Winslow, Thoinas White. 

Nathaniel Morton 3rd, George Winslow, Samuel Barnaby. 
Nathaniel Morton 3rd, George Winslow, Samuel Barnaby. 
Nathaniel Morton 3rd, Benjamin Evans, Samuel Barnaby. 
Peter Crapo, Benjamin Mason, Philip Hathaway, Jr. 
Nathaniel Morton 3rd, Philip Hathaway, Samuel Barnaby. 
Nathaniel Morton 3rd, Philip Hathaway, Samuel Barnaby. 
Nathaniel Morton 3id, Benjamin Evans, Samuel Durfee. 
Nathaniel MoVton 3rd, Benjamin Evans, Benjamin Durfee. 
Nathaniel Morton 3rd, Joshua Brett, Benjamin Durfee. 
Nathaniel Morton 3rd, Benjamin Weaver, Benj. Durfee. 
Nathaniel Morton 3rd, Ephraim Winslow, Benj. Durfee. 
Nathaniel Morton 3rd, Ephraim Winslow, Benj. Durfee. 
Nathaniel Morton 3rd, Ephraim Winslow, Benj. Durfee. 
Philip Rounseville, Ephraim Winslow, Benj. Durfee. 
Nathaniel Morton, Ephraim Winslow,' Benj. Durfee. 
Nathaniel Morton, Ephraim Winslow, Pardon DavoU. 
Nathaniel Morton, Ephraim Winslow, Jonathan Reed. 

Nathaniel Morton, Jr., Benjamin Reed, Benjamin Durfee, 

Nath'l Morton, Jr , Ephraim Winslow, Luther Winslow. 
145 



Sll''^ 00 


100. IJI) 


166.67 


183 33 


133.33 


166.07 


250.00 


2Gl).00 


366 67 


333 33 


200,00 


250 00 


300 00 


333.33 


400.00 


333.83 


333.33 



060.67 

1231.12 
5(10,00 

10(10 00 

5(10. 01 1 
500.00 
500.00 

500 00 

000.0 7 

1200 00 

-"■1200.01) 

f250O.O0 



ASSESSORS OF FREETOWN. 



17U8 
1799 
isoi) 
1801 
1803 
1803 
1804 
1S05 
)K0(i 
1807 
ISOS 
181)9 
ISIO 
1811 
1812 
181;! 
1SI4 
1815 
18Ui 
1817 
1818 
1819 
1S',>II 

1S21 
1S22 
1S2S 
1S24 
182."") 
1827 
182S 
1S2<J 
18:^0 
isai 
1832 
1833 
1S34 
183o 
1S36 
1S37 
is:!s 
1S39 
1S4I1 
1841 



Nath'l Morton, Jr. 
Nath'l Morton, Jr. 
Nath'l Morton, Jr. 
Nath'l Morton, Jr. 
Nath'l Morton, Jr. 
Nath'l Morton, Jr. 
Nath'l Morton, Jr. 



-26 



Eph. AVinslow, Esq., 
Eph. AVinslow, Esq. 
, Eph. Winslow, Esq. 
Eph. "Winslow, Esq., 
Eph. Winslow, Esq , 



Thomas Borden. 
Benj. Durfee. 
Benj, Durfee. 
Charles Durfee. 
Thomas Borden. 



Col. Benj. Weaver, Jael Hathaway 2nd. 
Daniel Douglas. Job Terry. 
Job Morton, Charles Strange, Job Terry. 
Job Morton, Charles Strange, John Terry. 
Job Morton, Col. Benjamin AVeaver, Benjamin Doggett. 
Job Jlorton, Joseph E. Reed, Kempton Burbank. 
Job Morton, Gardner Weaver, Charles Strange. 
Job Morton, John Terry, Charles Strange. 

Ambrose Barnaby, Charles Strange. 
Esq., Edmund Hathaway, Charles Strange. 
Edmund Hathaway, Charles Strange. 
John Terry, Charles Strange. 
Col. Benj. AVeaver, Hercules Cushman. 
, Robert Porter. 



AMT. 
RAISED. 



Esq , 
Esq., 
Esq., 
Esq., 



Job Morton, 
Job Morton, 
Job Morton, 
Job Morton, 
Job ilorton. 
Job Morton, 
Job Morton, Esq., 
Job Morton, Esq , 
Job Morton, Esq., 
Job Morton, Esq., 
Job Morton, Esq., 
Job Morton, Esq., 
Job Morton, Esq., 
Job Morton, Esq., 
Job Morton, Esq., 
Job Morton, Esq., 



Silas Terry, Robert Porter. 

Silas Terr}', Col. Benj. Weaver. 

Alden Hatheway, Robert Porter. 

Alden Hatheway, Robert Porter. 

Robert Porter, Ephraim ^lerrick. 

Robert Porter, Stephen Barnaby. 

John H. Peirce, Stephen Barnaby. 

Ephraim Merrick, Stephen Barnaby. 

Arariah Shove, Stephen Barnaby. 

George Pickens, Stephen Barnaby. 
Abram Ashley, John Hathaway, Lot Strange. 
Job Morton, Esq., John Hathaway, Lot Strange. 
Job Morton, Esq., Malachi Rowland, Philip P. Hathawav 
Job Morton, Esq., Aialachi Rowland, Philip P. Hathaway 
Job Jlorton, Esq , Alalachi Rowland, Stephen Barnaby. 
Calvin Thomas, Malachi Rowland, John Hathaway. 
Job Morton, George Cummings, Allen Chase. 
Calvin Thomas, Lynde "Valentine, Joseph B. Weaver. 
Charles A. Morton, George Cummings, Job Peirce. 
Charles A. Morton, George Cummings, S. S. Payne. 
Charles A. Morton, Joseph Cudworth, S. S. Payne. 
Charles A. Morton, Joseph Cudworth, John Winslow, Jr. 
Charles A. Morton, Joseph Cudworth, John Winslow, Jr. 
Charles A. Morton, Joseph Cudworth, John AVinslow, Jr. 
146 



183733.33 


3538.33 


3533 33 


3533.33 


3533.33 


2350.00 


1800.00 


3100.00 


1300.00 


1500.00 


2200 00 


1900.00 


14.58.00 


1158.00 


1200.00 


1500.00 



1300.00 

2600 00 
1000.00 
1500.00 
3000.00 
3000.00 
2000.00 



2000.00 
3200.00 
3600 00 
3.500.00 
38(10.00 
3500.00 
1000.00 
3000.00 
2000.00 
1500.00 
3700.00 
3300.00 
3100.00 
31.50.00 



ASSEvSSORS OF FREETOWN. 



1M42 
1843 
1844 
1845 
1846 
1847 
184.S 
1849 
1850 
1851 
18o3 
1858 
1854 
1855 
1856 
1857 
1858 
1859 
1860 
1861 
1863 
1863 
isi;4 

]S(io 

i80(; 

1867 
1868 
1869 
1870 
1871 
1873 
1873 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1S83 
1883 
1884 



Chas. A. Morton, Jos. Cudworth, Elnathan P. Hatheway. 
Chas. A. Morton, Jos, Cudworth, Elnathan P. Hatheway. 
Philip P. Hathaway, Jos. Cudworth, Elnat'n P. Hatheway. 
L. R. Mason, Jos. Cudworth, Elnathan P. Hatheway. 
Abishai Chase, Joseph Cudworth, Elnathan P. Hatheway. 
Reuel Washburn, Lynde Valentine, Lot Strange. 
Reuel Washburn, Lynde Valentiue, Lot Strange. 
Reuel Washburn, Lynde Valentine, Lot Strange. 
Reuel \\'ashburn, Philip J. Tripp, Lot Strange. 
Reuel Washburn, Philip J. Tripp, Alden Hatheway. 
Reuel ^\'ashburn, Philip J. Tripp, Alden Hatheway. 
Reuel Washburn, Philip J. Tripp, Alden Hatheway. 
Thomas S Hathaway, Philip H. Evans, Paul Lawrence. 
Lynde Valentine, Silas P. Richmond, Reuel Washburn. 
Amb. W. Hathaway, Silas P. Richmond, Cornelius Chace. 
Amb. W. Hathaway, Thos. G. Nichols, Reuel Washburn. 
Philip J. Tripp, Thos. G. Nichols, James Ashley. 
Silas P. Richmond, Sylvester Briggs, James H. Snow. 
Silas P. Richmond, Sylvester Briggs, James H. Snow. 
George W. Hall, Sylvester Briggs, Harrison L. Allen. 
George W. Hall, Sylvester Briggs, Harrison L. Allen. 
George W. Hall, Ambrose AV. Hathaway, James H. Snow- 
George W. Hall, Thomas Leeburn, Reuel Washburn. 
George W. Hall, Sylvester Briggs, Reuel Washburn. 
S. P. Richmond, Manasseh H. Terry, James H. Snow. 
S. P. Richmond, Manasseh H. Terry, James H. Snow. 
Chester W. Briggs, Manasseh S. Terry, James H. Snow. 
Chester W. Briggs, Manasseh S. Terry, James H. Snow. 
Chester W. Briggs, M. S. Terry, Orsmond F. Braley. 
Chester W. Briggs, M. S. Terry, Joseph White. 
George W. Hall, M. S. Terry, Joseph White. 
George W. Hall, M. S. Terry, Cornelius Chace. 
George W. Hall, M. S. Terry, Jonathan R. Gurney. 
(reorge W. Hall, M. S. Terry, Jonathan R. Gurney. 
George W. Hall, J. Henry Peirce, Hudson Winslow. 
George W. Hall, J. Henry Peirce, J. R. Gurney. 
George W. Hall, J. Henry Peirce, J. R. Gurney. 
George W. Hall, J. Henry Peirce, Orsmond F. Braley. 
William M. Carnoe, E. W. Peirce, Charles Braley. 
George W. Hall, J. Henry Peirce, Marcus M. Rounseville. 
George W, Hall, Henry B. Payne, Marcus M. Rounseville. 
George W. Hall, J. Henry Peirce, Charles E. Chace. 
Philip H. Evans, J Henry Peirce, Job F. Lucas. 
147 



,\MT. 


RAISED. 


s:!OO().00 


3500.011 


2S0O.00 


3500.(10 


3300.00 


3600.00 


20.50.00 


3000.00 


3500.00 


3500.(111 


3500.(10 


3500.00 


4000,00 


4300.00 


4300.00 


5100.00 


4300.00 


4300.00 


5300.00 


4700 00 


4700 00 


7000.00 


7000,00 


6000,00 


6000,00 


7500,00 


65(10.0(1 


7(100,00 


6000 00 


8000,00 


4.")( 10,00 


6000.00 


6000,00 


4000 00 


3000,00 


3000.(10 


3000.00 


3000.00 


3000.00 


3000 00 


3500 00 


3500.00 


3500.00 



AvSSESSORS OF FRP:ET()WN. 



1S85 

1SS7 
1S8S 
is,si) 
1H90 
1891 
1S93 
1S93 
1894 
1^9") 
1896 
1897 
1S9S 
1 S99 
19110 
1901 
1902 



George AV. Hall, Joseph AV. Winslow, Job F. Lucas. 
George W. Hall, Joseph AV. Winslow, J. R. Gurnev- 
George W. Hall, Joseph AV. AA'inslow, Charles Bra'ey. 
Palo A. Peirce, Joseph AA'. AA^inslow, Frank H. Ashley. 
Palo A. Peirce, Joseph AV. AA'inslow, Alden B Lucas. 
Palo A. Peirce, Joseph AA'. AA'inslow, Alclen B. Lucas. 
Palo A. Peirce, Joseph AA^. Winslow, Alclen B. Lucas. 
Palo A, Peirce, Joseph W. Winslow, Alden B. Lucas. 
Palo A. Peirce, Joseph W. Winslow, Alden B. Lucas. 
Palo A. Peirce, Joseph W. Winslow, Alden B. Lucas. 
Gilbert JL Nichols, Joseph W. Winslow, Alden B Lucas. 
Gilbert M. Nichols, Henry Carnoe, George A Braley. 
Gilbert M. Nichols, Anthony D Hathaway, Geo. A. Braley. 
Gilbert M. Nichols, Anthony D. Hathaway, Geo. A Braley. 
Gilbert M. Nichols, Anthony D. Hathaway, Job F. Lucas. 
Gilbert M. Nichols, Anthony D. Hathaway, (3eo. H. Gibbs. 
Gilbert M. Nichols, Anthony D. Hathaway, Chas. Braley. 
Gilbert M. Nichols, Anthonj^ D, Hathaway, Chas. Braley. 



AMI'. 


K.\ISF.l). 


$4800.00 


5000.00 


6000.00 


6000.00 


6000.00 


6000.00 


6000 00 


5000.00 


6000.00 


6000.00 


7000.00 


7000.00 


6000.00 


7500.00 


8500.00 


9500.00 


9000 00 


9000.00 



■Money, f Highway Tax 1: Amount raised including Highway Tax. 




PHILIP H. EVANS. 

148 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE OF FREETOWN. 



17!lo 

1SII4 

1K14 

1837 
1828 
1829 

1 88(:i 

1831 

18:^2 

is:',:;! 

18:« 

1 H?,n 

18:^6 

is:i;-':^,s 

188!) 

1840 

1841 

1842 

1S4:^ 

1844 

1845 

1846 

1S4T 

1848 

lS4!J-'50 

18.")1 

1852-'5S 

is."i4 

18,-,5 
18.J6 



CO M M ITT KE. 



Job Morton, Col. Benjamin Weaver, John Turner, M. D. 

Washington Hathawa}-, Col. Benj. Weaver, Wm. Rounseville. 

Maj. Joseph B. Weaver, H. Cushman, R. Strobridge, Wm. Rounse- 
ville, Job Morton. 

Thomas Bump, H. Cushman, Rufus Bacon, Azariah Shove, 
Job Morton. 

E. P. Hatheway, Thomas Bump, Lot Strange, J. B. Weaver, 
J. Taylor, John T. Lawton, Job Morton. 

J. Gurney, Thomas Bump, Lot Strange, P. Hatheway, J. Taylor, 
Wm. Strobridge, Job Morton. 

J. Gurney, Thos. Bump, Stetson Raymond, J. Taylor, Job Morton. 

J. Gurney, Thomas Bump, S. Raymond, E. P. Hatheway, J. Tay- 
lor, Ezra Wilkinson, Job Morton. 

P. Hathaway, Thomas Bump, S. Raymond, Elkanah Doggett, 
J. Taylor, Job Morton. 

P. Hathaway, Thomas Bump, S. Raymond, E. P. Hatheway, 
J. Gurney, Wm. Coe, Job Morton. 

, Thomas Bump, S. Raymond, , J. Gurney, Ebenezer 

Babbitt, Job Morton. 

Lot Strange, Thomas Bump, S. Raymond, E. P. Hatheway. 
, A. Jones, . 

Thomas Bump, S. Raymond, E. P. Hatheway, J. Gurney, A. Jones. 

Benj. Crane, G. H. Hathaway, Chas. A. Morton. 

Benj. Crane, James Gurney, E. W. Robinson, A. Hjtheway, Jr., 
Chas. A. Morton. 

E. P. Hatheway, E. W. Robinson, Chas. A. Morton. 

E. P. Hatheway, Thomas Bump, Chas. A. Morton. 

J. Taylor, J. B. Weaver, Chas. A. Morton. 

Benj. Crane, E. W. Robinson, Chas. A. Morton. 

Guilford H. Hathaway, Asa Clark, David Clark. 

Guilford H. Hathaway, Chas A. Morton, Jos. B. Weaver. 

John S. Maxwell, Chas. A. Morton, Jos. B. Weaver. 

John S. Maxwell, P. J. Tripp, Jos. B. Weaver. 

Lot Strange, P. J. Tripp, J. B. Weaver. 

Lot Strange, Philip J. Tripp, Alden Hatheway, Jr. 

Nicholas Hatheway, Wm. B. Staples, Robt. P. Strobridge. 

Thomas G. Nichols, Philip J. Tripp, Reuel Washburn. 

Thomas G. Nichols, Thomas Bump, Philip J. Tripp, Thomas S. 
Hathaway, Chas. A. Morton. 

Thomas G. Nichols, S. P. Richmond, Reuel Washburn. 

A. G. Comings, E. W. Peirce, Reuel Washburn. 



14'J 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE OF FREETOWN. 



YEAR. 


1857 




1858 




1859 




1860- 


61 


I8ry2 




18(13- 


'64 


1865 




1866 




IsfiT- 


•73 


1873 




1H74 




1875 




1876 




18T7- 


'78 


187'J 




1880 




18S1 




18S2 




1883 




1884- 


'85 


1886 




1887- 


'88 


1889- 


'90 


1891- 


'93 


1804- 


■95 


1896- 


■<J7 


1898 




1899 




1900- 


'02 



COMMITTEE. 



Thomas G. Nichols, E. W. Peirce, Reuel Washburn. 

Thos. G. Nichols (3 yrs.), Philip J. Tripp (3 yrs.), Geo. Tyler (1 yr.). 

Thomas G. Nichols, Reuel Washburn. Nathan T. Strange. 

Abel G. Duncan, Reuel Washburn, E. W. Peirce. 

Abel G. Duncan, Granville S. Allen, John il. Deane. 

Abel G. Duncan, Granville S. Allen, Sylvester Briggs. 

Abel G. Duncan. Reuel Washburn, Sylvester Briggs. 

Thomas G. Nichols, Reuel Washburn, Abel G. Duncan. 

Thomas G. Nichols, Reuel Washburn, Sylvester R. Briggs. 

Thomas G. Nichols, Reuel AVashburn, Noah Halheway. 

Thomas G. Nichols, H. E. Tinkham, Hudson Wintlow. 

John W. Pickens, H. E. Tinkham, Hudson Winslovv. 

John W. Pickens, Hiram B. Wetherell, Hudson Winslow. 

George B. Cudworth, Hiram B. AA'etherell, J. R. Gurney. 

George B. Cudworth, Noah Hatheway, J. R. Gurney. 

George B. Cudworth, Noah Hathewaj', Harrison L. Allen. 

John W. Pickens, Noah Hatheway, Harrison L. Allen. 

John W. Pickens, Gilbert M. Nichols, Harrison L. Allen. 

John W, Pickens, Gilbert M. Nichols, Charles S. Chace. 

George B. Walker, Gilbert M. Nichols, Charles S. Chace. 

George B. Walker, Gilbert M. Nichols, James G. Ashley. 

George B. Cudworth, Frank A. Barrows, James G. Ashley. 

George B. Cudworth, Frank A. Barrows, Albert F. White. 

E. Florence Hathaway, Frank A. Barrows, Albert F. White. 

Wmslow Nichols, Frank A. Barrows, Albert F. White. 

Winslow Nichols, Palo A. Peirce, Albert F. White. 

Winslow Nichols, Earl F. Pearce, Elijah D. Chace. 

Winslow Nichols, Viola N. Burns, Elijah D. Chace. 

Winslow Nichols, Viola N. Burns, Elijah D. Chace. 



150 




* 


X 


i 






w 



REUEL WASHBURN, 



GEORGE W. HALL. 





CAPT. GRANVILLE S. ALLEN. 



AL DEN HATHEWAY, JR 



ISl 



LIST OF POSTMASTERvS. 



There are two post offices in Freetown, one at Assonet 
Village, and one at East Freetown. 

The names of Postmasters at the office in Assonet and 
terms of service are as follows : 

Stephen B. Pickens 1811-17 

Robert Strobridge 1817-22 

George Pickens 1822-41 

Guilford H. Hathaway 1841-45 

Joshua Shove 1845-72 

Daniel L. Johnson 1872-82 

Elbert E. Winslow 1882-86 

Elnathan P. Hatheway 1886-89 

C. Isabel Hatheway 1889-97 

M. Florence Dean 1897- 

The official name of this post office was changed from 
Freetown to Assonet April 1, 1901. 

Rural Delivery was established at this office April 1 , 
1902. Stephen A. Hatheway, Carrier. 

The names of Postmasters at East Freetown and terms 
of service are as follows : 

Amos Braley 1811-16 

Abraham Braley 1816-22 

The office was discontinued in or about 1 S22 and reestab- 
lished in ls:,-2. 

Reuel Washburn ] 852-86 

David Lawrence 1H86-S7 

Rachel E. Lawrence 1887- 

Rural Delivery for East Freetown was established from 
Clifford post office within the limits of New Bedford in lit 113. 
James AVebb, Carrier. 

^loney orders are issued at both Assonet and East Free- 
town post offices. 



REPRESENTATIVES TO GENERAL COURT. 



YEAR. 


NAMES. 


YEAR. 


NAMES. 


1683 




1775 


Thomas Durfee, 


16«4 


Joseph Bailey. 




Joshua Hathaway. 


1685 


Joseph Baile)'. 


1776-; 7 


Thomas Durfee 2nd. 


1686 


Job Winslow. 


1778 


Thomas Durfee 2nd. 


Ki.sii 


Lt. Thos. Terry. 




Nathaniel Morton. 


1690 


Samuel Gardiner. 


1779 


Nathaniel Morton. 


169'J 


Job Winslow, S. Gardiner. | 


17H0-'81 


John Hathaway. 


1693 


Jahleel Brenton. 


1782 


Joshua Howard Brett. 


1702-'05 


Voted not to send. 


1783 


Dr. Jesse Bullock. 


1706-09 


None. 


1784 


Capt. Levi Rounseville. 


1713 


Nicholas Morey. 


1785 


Nathaniel Morton 3rd. 


1714-15 


1 


17S0 


Lt. Nathan Dean. 


1716 


Robert Durfee. 


1787-'88 


Ambrose Barnaby. 


1717 






Capt. Jael Hathaway. 


1718 


None. 


1789 


None. 


17]9-'2(1 


Samuel Forman. 


1790 


Hon. Thos. Durfee, Esq. 


17ill 


Nicholas Morey. 


1791-'93 


Ephraim Winslow. 


1722 


Thomas Gage. 


1794 


None. 


il2:',-24 


John Reed. 


;795-'97 


Ephraim Winslow. 


1725 


Thomas Terry. 


1798-'99 


Nathaniel Morton Jr., Esq. 


172IJ-'27 


Thomas Gage. 


1800 


Nathaniel Morton Jr., Esq. 


1728 


Samuel Valentine. 


1801 


Simeon Borden. 


172!)-':!0 


Lt. Joseph Reed. 


1802-'03 


Nathaniel Morton, Esq f 


1731-33 


None. 


1804-'(I7 


William Rounseville. 


1734-'35 


Henry Tisdale.* 


1808 


William Rounseville. 


i7;!(; 


Thomas Gage. 




Ebenezer Peirce, Esq. 


1737-43 


Henry Tisdale. 


1809 


William Rounseville. 


174 4-' 45 


None. 




Nathaniel Morton. Esq. 


1746-49 


John Winslow. 


1810-11 


William Rounseville. 


17."i() 


Samuel Valentme. 




Stephen B. Pickens. 


17.Jl-ri3 




1812-13 


William Rounseville. 


1754 


John Winslow. 




Robert Strobridge. 


1755-56 




1814 


Robert Strobridge. 


1757 


None. 




Job Morton. 


175.S 




181."i 


Robert Strobridge. 


1 75!) 


None. 




Job Morton, Esq 


17H0-'(i4 


Col. Thos. (Gilbert, Esq. 


1816-'19 


Job Morton. 


1765-'70 


Thomas Durlee 2nd. 




Hercules Cushman, Esq. 


1771-';3 


Col. Thos. Gilbeit, Esq. 


1820 


Nathaniel Morion. 


1774 


Col. Thos Gilbert, Esq. May. 


1S21 


Hercules Cvishman. 




Thos Durfee 2nd. Sept. 26. 


1822 


Col. Hercules Cushman. 



*State allowed six shillings per day and town voted two shillings, 
f Twenty-five hundred inhabitants. 

153 



REPRESENTATIVES TO GENERAL COURT. 



YEAR. 


NAMES. 


YEAR. 


NAMES. 


1823 


Job Morton. 


1843 


Joseph B. Weaver, Esq. 




Hercules Cushman. 


1848 


Dr. Bradford Braley. 


IS'24 


Job Morton, Esq. 


1844 


John Winslow, Jr. 




Ebenezer Peirce, Esq. 


184.5 


Benjamin Dean. 


1825 


Job Morton, Esq. 


1846 


Edmund D. Hathaway. 




Elnathan P. Hatheway. 


1847 


William B, Staples. 




Job Morton, Esq. 


1848 


Joseph Staples. 


1H3<! 


Azariah Shove. 


1849 


John Dean. 




Hercules Cushman. 


1850 


William Hall. 


1827 


Job Morton, Esq. 


1851 


Dr. Bradford Braley. 




Gilbert Rounseville. 


1852 


None. 


1828 


Thomas Bump. 


1853 


Benjamin Evans. 




Elnathan P. Hatheway. 


1854 


Capt. Job Terry. 


ls3<) 


Thomas Bump. 


1855 


Merchant White. 




John T. Lawton. 


lS5(i 


Ambrose W. Hathaway. 


1830 


Josiah Durfee, Jr. J 


1857 


Dr. Thomas G. Nichols. 




Ephraim Atwood. 


1859 


Capt. Marcus M. Rounseville. 


1S31 


Ephraim Atwood. 


1861 


John D. Wilson. 




George Pickens. 


1866 


Dr. Thomas G. Nichols. 


ls:!2-'34 


Elnathan P. Hatheway. 


1873 


William Dean 


183.", 


George Pickens. 


1875 


Washington Read. 


Capt. Malachi Howland 


1876 


Granville S. Allen. 


1836 


Capt. Calvin Thomas. 


188(1 


John W Marble. 


Guilford H. Hathaway. 


1S84 


Henry H. Winslow. 




Charles A. Morton. 


1887 


Arthur G. Rounseville. 


1^37 


Alden Hatheway, Jr. 


1891 


Col. Silas P. Richmond. 


1838 


Alden Hatheway, Jr. 


1895 


Nathan R Davis. 


1S3<( 


None. 


1901 


Handel E. Washburn. 


1840 


Capt. Malachi Howland. 


1902 


Gilbert M. Nichols. 


1841 


Thomas Evans. 







X Nineteen hundred inhabitants. 



154 



SENATORS FROM FREET(.)WX. 



Thomas Durfee 1 7 — 

Nathaniel Morton, Esq ls()4-]si)s 

Elnathan P. Hatheway 1S4:-1 

Philip J. Tripp 187."! 



MEMBERS OF GOVERNOR'S COUNCIL. 



Hon. Thomas Durfee, Esq 179- 

Hon, Hercules Cushman 1826 

Capt. RuEus Bacon 1827 



GOVERNOR. 



Marcus Morton 1840, 184:! 



1 5.1 





.f i^% 


i^j^jt 


f^^^ 


1 


,,,." " 




GOV, MARCUS MORTON 



REV, ALBERT G, MORTON. 




RTHPLACE OF GOV MARCUS MORTON 



1 r,r, 



The H(jNORABLK }\Iak(;l:s ]\Iiirt<jn, LL. D., third 
in descent from "^Nlajor" Nathaniel Morton, Jr., of East 
Freetown, and son of Nathaniel ^^lorton 3rd., and his wife, 
Mary Carey, of Bridgewater, was born February H*. 17.^4 
at East Freetown, in a house probably built by his pater- 
nal grandfather. He was graduated from Brown Univer- 
sity i-n Iso-l-, studied law at Litchfield," Connecticut, and 
was admitted to the bar in Taunton in ISuT. For four 
years he represented his district in Congress during the 
presidency of Monroe, and took part in the discussion on 
the Missouri Compromise. He held numerous offices of 
trust in the State: — Clerk of the State Senate, member of 
the State Executive Council, Lieutenant-Governor, and, on 
the death of Governor Eustis in 1^2.5, Acting-Governor. 
This last office he soon resigned on being appointed Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court, a position which he held for 
fifteen 5-cars, resigning in is:;'.) to serve as Governor of 
Massachusetts. He was elected by a single vote over 
Edward Everett — one ballot superscribed "Maccus Mat- 
t ion" being counted for him. He held this position twice 
again during his lifetime. In his campaigns he had the 
support of many of the anti-slavery leaders. In ls:;i),' 
\Vhittier, writing of Everett and [Morton, said: "Of the 
two, I prefer ^lorton." He received the degree of LL. D. 
from Brown in 1^20, and from Harvard in 1^40. He died 
in IsCi 4 and lies buried in Alount Pleasant Cemetery, Taunton. 
His residence is now the Morton Hospital of Taunton. 

A daughter, Frances Wood, married Mr. George 
Henry French of Andover, and their daughter Alice is 
the well known author whose pen-name is Octave Thanet. 

Ai.HKRT G. AlnR'i-(ix, second son of Job ^lorton, born 
in lso4, was a widely known Elder of the Christian 
denomination, holding pastorates at Xorth Dartmouth, 
Mansfield, New Bedford, Providence, and Amesbury. His 
ministrv extended over a period of sixtv-four years, dur- 
ing whicli he attended five hundred funerals, and per- 
formed the marriage service three hundred times. He 
died in Isii!) and is buried in Lubec, Maine. 

1.07 



The Industries. 




VHEN the early pio- 
neer started out 
into the wilderness to 
seek a place for his 
home, the great desid- 
eratum to his mind was 
a never - failing' spring- 
near which to locate. If 
in addition to this he 
EAST BRIDGE i,yj^y fortiuiate enough to 

find a stream of water included within his land which 
could be utilized to furnish mill power, his prosperity and 
influence was increased far beyond his less fortunate 
neighb(_)rs. Although Freetown had only small streams 
flowintr throuo^h its territor\-, vet from the great differ- 
ence in altitude of the source and motith a great many 
dams could be built along their courses. On Assijnet 
River above the \-illage are remaining ten dams within a 
distance of about six miles, in all stages of preservation. 
On Mill Brook and Terry Br(_)ok are three dams; while on 
Fall Brook in East Freetown remain six dams to sIkjw 
the large amount of business carried on within the dis- 
tance of two and one-half miles. The greatest number of 
dams were constructed for the use of saw-mills, but several 
furnished power to grist mills and iron works. The dates 
of the construction of nearly all of these dams have been 
lost and can only l)e appro.Kimated. 

The first dam across Ass(jnet River was probabl}' the 
one near Locust Street, where now remain only its rtiins. 

15N 



It was built in or about the year H'>[H>. At first the power 
was used for a saw mill, but a fulling-mill was subsequently 
added, a grist-mill and machinery for carding w(jol. This 
mill also had a bolting machine, and here was put in the 
first machine for grinding corn and cob together, about ilii 
years ago. On the west side of the dam there was a saw- 
mill owned by Gilbert, Barnaby, and Kenelm Winslow, 
which has not been used for nearly sixty years. They were 
built by the Winslow family and remained in the owner- 
ship of that family until 1898. 

The second, which is now known as Forge dam, was 
built in 1702. It was carried away by a freshet and re- 
built in 170;^.. On the west side of the dam a grist mill 
was built, and was run by members of the Hatheway fam- 
ily until about 182(1, when it was sold to Josiah Winslow. 
About 1S4-.J ^Ir. Winslow gave up the grist mill, and in 
company with Henry Porter put in machinery for making 
cut nails. David M. Anthony and Capt. John W. Marble 
bought the mill privilege in 1885, and in this building 
Capt. ]\Iarble set up a shingle mill which was run four or 
five years. In 1892 J. Henry Peirce began sawing all 
kinds of lumber here, and at the present time is doing an 
extensive business. 

June 14, 17(t4, articles of agreement were signed by 
James Tisdale, Sr., John Paul, Edward Bobbet, Abraham 
Hathaway, Edward Paul, Malachi HoUoway, James Tis- 
dale, Jr., John Spur, John Burt, Joseph Dean, Nathaniel 
HoUoway, Timothy Holloway, Albert Burt, John Wilbur, 
and William Phillips, all of Taunton, and by Josiah \Vins- 
low, Benjamin Chase, and John Hathaway, of Freetown, 
to build some iron works on the land of Nathaniel \Vins- 
low of Freetown. The iron was to be obtained upon land 
in Taunton called the " Red weed land" which was owned 
by Abel Burt. The company was to pay Abel Burt but 
two shillings per ton for the iron as it lay on the ground, 
until they had paid eighteen pounds ; then Burt was to 
receive three shillings per ton, even if others who owned 

lo9 



iron miiics engaged to sell their iron at a lower price. 
The fori^-e was built, i:in the east side of the dam. and 
remained in the hands of the eonipany until is-jo, when 
Thomas Strobridye boug'ht it and manufactured scythes, 
axes, and carpenters' tools. Then John Crane, Sampson 
cK: Nichols, Weaver & Osborne, succeeded one another 
there in the mantifacture of edged tools and nails. For a 
time Thomas and John Thorpe used the mill for washinj^' 
waste. Then Crocker & Bassett manufactured nails. It 
was burned about ls74. 




SAW MILL AT TISDALE'S DAM. 

The third dam was that at Assonet Village, built about 
the year 171n. A grist mill was so(jn set up on one side 
of the dam, to l:)e followed later b\- a saw-mill on the oppo- 
site side. "Indian corn has probably been ground here 
e\'erv rear for nearly two hundred years and lumber sawed 
for more than a century." The grist-mill was run for 
about fort\' years by Da\-id Babbitt, who was stricken down 
while at his dail\- labor on March Is, \'.'^>-2, aged .s."i years. 

IGO 



Still highur up the stream than the forye dam and a 
little below what is known as the Howland saw-mill, tradi- 
tion saith that Philip Rounsevill put up a dam, some traees 
of whieh still remain. He probably ereeted and for a time 
(jperated a saw mill thereon. The fifth dam was probably 
that one where David Terr\- now has a bleacherv. A 
grist mill was built on the north side of the dam years 
before the knowledge c)f any person now living and was 
taken down in IST-J by Capt. Henry II. Winslow, who 
then built the mill for cleaning waste. On the south side 




GRIST MILL AT TISDALE'S DAM 
Built 1710 

of the dam were a trip-hammer shop, a blacksmith shop, 
and one for making cotton batting. It was owned bv 
Benjamin Porter and son Henr_\-. The dam was carrictl 
away by a freshet Februarv i^-s, is.'iT, and again in March, 
is8(i. In IS-K'i the mill was burned and after Ijemg relniilt 
was used for cleaning waste. 

The remains of a dam can be seen at the present tini'-' 
at Slab Bridge. The old Howland saw-mill, the date of 

Kil 



construction of which cannot be found, has been operated 
until very recent years with the old up-and-down saw. 
The dam near the residence of the late Joseph R. Dunham 
is probably of more modern construction, and the mill has 
been used of late years by Paul Burns, for sawing box 
boards. 

The dam near Maple Tree Bridge was begun in is^.") 
by William Haskins, and finished in ISl'T. A grist-mill 
was erected beside it the next year, which was run until 
istlfi. At this time A. W. Peirce and Charles S. White 
put in machinery for sawing lumber, and took out the 
grist-mill. In July, lST:i, Julius C. Haskins bought the- 
property. Since 18^7, John T. Haskins has owned and 
run the mill. 

A small stream known as Mill Brook, that empties 
into Assonet River through Payne's Cove, came into early- 
use as a motive power. Near the head of Payne's Cove 
was erected a dam many years ago on which was operated 
a saw mill, a grist mill, and afterwards a small foundr3\ 
Here Edmund B. Lewis had a bleachery and dye house. 
The Crystal Spring Bleachery, built in lsS2, now stands 
on this site. 

On Terry Brook many years ago was erected a dam, 
and here was probably operated a saw-mill. After a long 
period of disuse, in 1^:^',) a cupola furnace was erected 
thereon and was run by Elkanah Doggett until about 1S8-1-. 
Then Gideon P. Hathaway for five or six years made 
threshing machines there. The building was then used 
for a spooling mill, and afterwards John Thorpe carried 
on the waste-cleaning business. ^Ir. Thorpe was the first 
one to conduct this business in Freetown. Finally the 
mill was burned, and the dam was removed to give place 
to a reservoir for the Crj'stal Spring Bleachery. 

At East Freetown, Fall Brook has furnished power 
since the early settlement. Of the dam at the village, 
where a saw-mill owned by the late Capt. G. S. Allen 
stands, no dates connected with its first r)wners can be 



found, and there is a similar lack of data concernino" the 

o 

dam near the depot now utilized by ice companies from 
New Bedford. At the dam, between the above two, where 
Lincoln E. Chase now has a saw-mill, there "was erected 
in or near the year ITsi a blast furnace where iron ore was 
not only smelted but also manufactured into what then 
' went under the name of hollow-ware. The original pro- 
jectors of this enterprise were Capt. Levi Rounsevill and 
Capt. Abraham Morton of East Freetown ; Capt. Job 
Peirce and Joseph Leonard (2d) of Middleborough, and 
Seth Keith of Bridgewater. Capt. Levi Rounsevill, Capt. 
Job Peirce and Seth Keith owned a quarter interest each, 
and Philip Rounsevill, Capt. Abraham Morton and Joseph 
Leonard ( :.^d) owned the other quarter or one-twelfth part 
each. Fuel in East Freetown was then abundant and 
readily and cheaply obtained, and much: of the iron ore 
was taken from Assawamsett Pond, in Middleborough. The 
small village that as a consequence thus grew up near by 
came naturally to be called the ''Furnace l^illagc," or ''Fur- 
nace Xcighborlwod," which names still serve to designate 
the locality and are in familiar use, although the furnace 
either as a blast or cupola, has long since ceased to be oper- 
ated. A few years after its erection this furnace came to 
be owned almost exclusivel)^ by members of the Rounse- 
vill family and hence came to be called the "Rounsevill 
Furnace." In Lsll, James Alger of Bridgewater, Gen. 
Cromwell Washburn of Taunton, and Col. »Salmon Fobes 
of Bridgewater, purchased three-fourths of this furnace, 
and in 1814 James Alger bought the remaining quarter, 
(j-en. Washburn at the same time disposing of his tu 
Alger . & Fobes. Nahum Alger of Bridgewater, and 
afterwards of Freetown, became agent and manager, and 
the firm of Alger & Fobes, besides carrying on the fur- 
nace, also ran two saw-mills, a grist-mill, a blacksmith 
shop, and a country store, thus furnishing emplo\'ment 
for some fifty men. In l^ls the property changed owners, 
being principally, if not whollv, purchased by Samuel 

ih:-3 



Slater, David Wilkinson and Charles Dver of Providence, 
and Benjamin Dyer of Cranston, R. I. These parties took 
upon themselves the name of " Providence Fottndry Com- 
pany-," employing Capt. Calvin Thomas, of Pembroke, as 
superintendent, who also became part owner. The old 
blast furnace was then, or soon after, demolished, and its 
place supplied by a cupola furnace. Here they no longer 
smelted iron ore, taken from Assawamset Pond and other 
places adjacent, but instead used "pigs" brought from 
Xew jersey to Assonet per water carriage, and from thence 
transported by ox-teams to East Freetown. Succeeding 
the furnace business at this water privilege was a sash- 
door - and - blind -factory, that has not been in operation 
for several years.'"- The iron railing in the Arcade at 
Providence was made in Freetown. 

Farther up the river is another dam owned by 
Jonathan R. Gurney, where there is a saw-mill; and 
above this is one owned by the heirs of Paul Burns. 
The last mentioned dam was erected in isds by Paul 

„__... ^ M. Burns of Freetown, 

~\^ and George W. Dean of 

\ Taunton. A saw -mill 

was erected thereon and 
for many years an ex- 
tensive business was car- 
ried on under the man- 
agement of Mr. Burns, 
whose death occured in 
issi;. In isss the Geo. 
Dean heirs sold their 
interest in the property 
to Paul Burns, Jr., who 
conducted the business 
for several years. Re- 
cently, it has been oper- 
ated by a votmger brf)th- 
er, William B. Burns. 




PAUL M BURNS 



'Quoted with sliglit ch mges from the His/orv of Uri^tul Coiiiilv. 

1(:14 ' ' 



Another of the town industries i.if less importance 
eomniereially, but quite as necessary to the comfort of the 
people, was the shoe-makintr business. In early times, 
the shoemaker went from house to house and made up 
shoes for the whole family once a \-ear. There were three 
tan-yards in the town: one situated between the house 
and barn of Frank F. Terry, owned by Pierce Phillips, 
who had his shoemaker's shop near l)v; while another 
shoemaker, Joseph Read, had his shop in the next \-ard ; 




N R, DAViS S: SONS' GUN MANUFACTORY 

one on the small stream which flows through the mead- 
ows north of the Martin House, owned b\- James Phillips 
until about ls41 ; and the third was near the east brid^i^'c. 
owned bv Svlvcster R. and Chester P>rii4'i^'s. 

X. R. li.WIS cV: SONS, MKKS. SPORTIXi; I'IKK ARMS. 

N.\.'ni.\N R. D.WIS, the senior member of this firm, 
and the founder of the gun business in Assonet, was born 
in Somerset, ^lass., August IS, isi's. At the age of nine- 




N R DAVIS. 



teen he entered the 
works of the " 1 )ean 
Cotton and ]\Iaehine 
Co., in Taunton, 
^lass., and learned the 
machinist's trade, re- 
maining with them 
three years. His first 
work as a master me- 
e h a n i e av a s w i t h 
(xeoro'e P. Foster & 
Co., of Taunton, mak- 
ing rifles by liand. 
Two years later he 
transferred his tool 
ehest to the shops of 
Colt's Pistol Co.. at 
Hartford, Conn., 
A\- here he 1 e a r n e d 
much of the gun business. Declining an oft'er to aid in 
establishing a branch of their business in London, ling- 
land, Mr. Dayis found employment with J. R. Brown, of 
Proyidence, R. I., where, by invitation of Mr. Brown, he 
might haye made the firm "Brown & Dayis," instead of 
" Brown & Sharpe," as the well known company is called 
today. On lulv 1st, is,",;',, he came to Assonet, and form- 
ing a partnership Avith Dayid C. Thresher, of that yillage, 
under name of X. R. Dayis & Co., they began the manu- 
facture ijf muzzle-loading rifles at the "Forge," so called. 
Here, with an engine-lathe, run by water power, ior 
machiner\-, and fiye employees, ihey manufactured ( more 
literally than today) abinit one hundred and fifty rifles, 
which were sold in small lots to hardware iobbers of Xew 
York. In the Autumn of Ps."',4 they remo\-ed from the 
"Forge" to the old Thresher building near the foot of 
Water street, whei^e in ks,",s they introduced the manu- 
facture of the muzzle loading shot-gun, the business slowly 

Kill 



developinL;' until the ud- 
\'untiif war in Isfil closed 
the sho]) fi>r a season. 
Later in that \-ear, how- 
e\'er, under sub-contract 
with the <4X'neral o'o\-ern- 
ment, they beijan the 
manufacture of parts of 
the Sprints-field rilled mus- 
kets, the arm in i^eneral 
use throtii^diout the War 
of the Rebellion. In 
l.sCiii, beeattse of failint^ 
health, J\lr. Thresher re- 
tired from the business, 
and Thomas (t. Nichols, 
M. r.)., became an equal 
partner in the firm. War 





N W DAVIS 



W. A. DAVIS. 

times were favorable 
to the gun business, 
and the plant was en- 
larged accordingh', em- 
ploving one hundred 
men, and running both 
night and da^•. 

The gun-shop was 
burned to the ground 
May I'.i, l^f.4, fired it 
is belicN'ccl b\- some 
endssar\- of the South- 
c r n Co n fed e r a e \- . 
Tlicrc being no insur- 
ance it was a total loss, 
gox'crnment ci mtract 
and all. IJut from that 
wreck of half a ccn- 
tur\- since N. R. I)a\-is 



& Co. sa\'ccl more 
than they lost; they 
saved that Avhich has 
made possible the bus- 
iness of todav ; faith 
in themselves and in 
the future of the coun- 
tr^^ their eredit in the 
business world and 
the eouraj^e to try 
at;'ain. 

New machinery 
was purchased at war 
prices and set u]) in 
the old Nichols & 
Sampson store, where 
soon thev were at 
work ao-ain making 
musket parts as be- 
fore. Bv the close of 
the war thev had linishcd among other parts (KMi.ooo 
rear leaf sights. 

The rim-tire lireech-loading ch)uble guns were first 
made in jsnii. This stvle was soon superseded b\- the 
more pojmlar center-fire top-action gun which, with im- 
provements from time to time, is the lirearm now placed 
upon the market. In the winter of Js7;-',-4 the business 
was remo\-ed to the building formerly occupied by the 
Assonet Alaehine Co., which has been much enlarged 
within a few \-ears and refitted lu suit the requirements. 
Bv the death of Dr. Nichols in bss;;, the old partnership 
was broken, and in FebruarA- of the year following Mr. 
Da\'is, hax'ing acquired the whole propertv, admitted as 
partners in the business his sons, W. A. and N. W. Da\'is, 
under the firm name of N. R. Davis & Sons. 




RALPH H FRANCIS 
Foreman wdh N, R D.ivis & Sons 



16S 




FOUR CORNERS LOOKING NORTH. 




FOUR CORNERS LOOKING SOUTH. 
IC.i) 



The Shipping Industry. 



BY JOHN M. DEANE. 



SHIP BUILDING. 

SHIP BUILDING was one of the earliest and most 
important industries of Freetown. Not only were 
vessels built for its own citizens, who were largely 
interested and engaged in the coastwise and foreign 
trades, but many were built for those living in other 
towns. A study of the long list of vessels hailing from 
Freetown, which follows, most of them having been built 
bv its own citizens, must impress one with the fact that 
our ancestors were wide awake, persevering, and fully 
alive to the possibilities of transportation and commerce 
in their day and generation. 

The first vessels of which we have any record were 
built in ITs-J, and the last one in iS-l-s. At first only the 
smaller vessels were constructed, but after about ten years 
those of one hundred tons burden, or more, were built. 
This industry was perhaps at its height about the year 
1S84, when seven vessels were in process of construction in 
the town at the same time. One of them, a sloop, was 
built in the door yard of the first house south of the 
bridge on South Main street. In launching, this sloop 
had to slide across the street, across an open lot, and into 
the river, at a point where it was no wider than the length 
of the sloop itself, but the ways were so constructed that 
she took to the water lengthwise (if the river. Another 
was built in front of the present residence of Charles H. 

170 



Read, on West Water street; the schooner President at 
the ship yard on Water street ; one on Welcome's shore ; 
one near Cudworth's wharf; the schooner Florida at the 
ship yard at the head of Payne's Cove ; and the sloop Mary 
Elizabeth at David Robinson's shore. 

Kempton Burbank, as boss carpenter, constructed many 
of the Assonet vessels, which, for strength and seaworth- 
iness, had a wide reputation. Job Payne also built several 
vessels. He was the boss carpenter on the schooner Flor- 
ida in ls3i, the last vessel built on Payne's Cove, and also 
on the schooner Carrier in 1848, the last vessel built at the 
ship yard on Water street, or in the town. The stub of 
one of the dog shores, that was cut away when this vessel 
was launched, is still in the ground and in a good state of 
preservation. The other was taken out by the ice in the 
winter of 1901. The writer was launched in the Carrier, 
and remembers the breaking of the bottle of wine on her 
prow as she slid into the water. Another custom of the 
times was to place a coin, for good luck, under the masts 
of vessels when they were stepped. At one time, from 
forty to fifty hands were employed in ship building in the 
town. Under what disadvantages those men had to work, 
as compared with the methods employed in modern ship 
building ! Then everyone had to be a thorough mechanic, 
and must have served his full time as an apprentice. He 
must be able to swing the heavy broadaxe, and to hew to 
the line. By hand, and with few tools and appliances, he 
must work out and set up the vessel's ribs, and, by the aid 
of ring-bolts and hand-spikes, be able to twist the stout 
planking into place and fasten it with hand made tree- 
nails. From the heavy gnarled oak and apple tree, trunk 
and branch, he must plan and form the knees or braces, 
that are to fit angles, right, acute, or obtuse, and bolt them 
to place with his riveting hammer. The deck, after being 
fastened with hand made spikes, was caulked, and the 
seams filled , with hot tar poured from periwinkle shells. 
The oakum for caulking did not come in ready made 

171 



strands, but in solid bales, and liad to be whipped, and 
picked, and worked into strands, by hand rolling, on the 
knee. 

Iron rods and bars had to be cut by hand with a cold 
chisel, a birch withe wound round its head serving as a 
handle to hold it in place, as the sledge hammer, wielded 
bv human power, descended upon it with force. When 
the time came for setting up the standing rigging, a hot 
day must be selected in which to first stretch the large 
ropes, and make the bight that is put over the mast-head. 
The noble old acorn tree, that stood in Nichols' pasture, 
under which the children of the village have spent so 
many happy hours, served well in this operation. One end 
of the rope to be stretched was fastened to it, while the 
tackle was fastened to a large juniper tree across the lot. 
A powerful team of oxen, with the aid of the tackle, did the 
stretching, the large tarred rope being kept off the ground 
by cro-ssed sticks lashed together, placed under it at short 
intervals. It is a pity that the old acorn tree, a wide 
spreading white oak, should have been destroyed by boys, 
who are now men, who thoughtlessly built fires in a cavity 
that appeared near its base. 

A saw-pit and a steam-box were about the only 
adjuncts of an ancient ship yard. The former, being a 
long frame about six feet high, was built over a trench two 
feet deep. The timber to be sawed was placed on the 
frame, and the splitting saw was worked by two men, one 
on the frame, the other in the trench. The steam-box was a 
long box with a large covered kettle under the center, and 
connected with it by a spout for conducting the steam into 
it. After the timber to be steamed had been placed in the 
box, the ends were stuffed with seaweed to prevent the 
escape of the steam. 

A small rude shed in which to store the carpenters' 
tool chests, and such material as must be kept under 
cover, was often the only building on the plant. These 
ancient ship carpenters had no whistle, bell, or clock in 

172 



the tower to call them to, or dismiss them from, their daily 
labors. The rising- sun found them at the vard. and its 
setting in the west told them when it was time tij "knock 
off." <.Trog was served at 11. on A. M.. and 4. no p. M. In 
modern ship building, a novice mav touch the button and 
machinery will do the rest. It has been said of Captain 
Welcome Hathaway, who, in hisdav, waslargeh' interested 
in shipping and ship building, that he could model a ves- 
sel, build her, rig her, make her sails, and sail her. 




CAPT. WELCOME HATHAWAY, 

The first records of \-esscls hailing from the town 
were kept at the office of the old Dighton Customs Uistrict. 
These were later transferred to the Custom House in l'\all 
Ri\"er, where tln.ise for the _\'cars prcx'ious to ITs'.i were 
burned in the great fire that \-isitcd that place Sunday 
|ulv 2. 1S4I!. Bv act of Congress, the office of Collector of 
Customs at Dighton was discontinued, April 1, l.^:;."., and 
by the same act. Fall Ri\-cr was made a ]3ort of entr\' and 
(]eli\'er\'. 



The following list of vessels hailing from Freetown 
since the year 1782, and once owned wholly, or in part, by 
citizens of the town, was taken from the records of the 
Custom House at Fall River, and kindly furnished by Cap- 
tain Edward T. Marvel, Deputy Collector of Customs, to 
whom the thanks of the writer, and also of the Committee 
on History, are heartily extended for his interesting and 
valuable contribution. 

The list includes 158 sloops, 72 schooners, 20 brigs, 
1 brigantine, 2 barques, and 1 ship, a total of 254 vessels. 

The number of tons burden, and the year of construc- 
tion are given in each case, when stated in the records. 

The names of the Master and owners are from the 
last marine paper issued to each vessel. In a few cases, 
however, names have been taken from former marine 
papers, or supplied from memory. 

In a few instances, incidental notes have been added 
to the list by the writer. 

Vessels that were built for owners not living in Free- 
town do not appear in the list. 

LIST OF VESSELS LL\ILING FROM FREETOWX, 
FROM 17S2 TO 1902. 

Sloop Languedoc. iSO tons. Built 1782. Ephraim Briggs, Master. 

Ephraim Briggs and Philip Hathaway, owners. Sold 1801. 
Sloop Hard Times. 33 tons. Built 1783. Edmund Briggs, Master. 

Edmund Briggs, John Briggs and James Richmond, owners. Sold 1790. 
Sloop Dolphin. 33 tons. Built 1783. Augustus Chase, Master. 

Augustus Chase, John Briggs and Edward Chase, owners. 

Also Zephaniah T. Briggs, Master. 

Stephen Barnaby and Malbone Hathaway, owners. Broken up 1838. 
Schooner Peace and Plenty. 30 tons. Built 1783. Jonathan Read, Jr., 

^Master. 

Jonathan Read, Jr., Jonathajl Read, George Read, Joseph Borden 2nd 

Isaac \\'inslow, owners. Broken up 1803. 
Sloop Resolution. 60 tons. Built 1784. Charles Chase, Master. 

Simeon Borden and Perry Borden, owners. 

Also Henry Gardner, Master. 

Varnura Thurston, Abraham Gardner and William Gardner, owners. 

174 



Sloop Dolphin, 4.S tons. Built 17.S4. Elisha Gregory, Master. 

Elisha Gregory, Ebenezer Crane, Jr., and Joseph Dean, owners. 
Sloop Friendship. .51 tons. Built 1784. 

Jonathan Barnaby, Master and owner. 
Sloop Industry. 33 tons. Built 17M4. John Briggs, Master. 

Benjamin Winslow, Avery Winslow and Ebenezer Crane, owners 

Sloop Elizabeth. 47 tons. Built 17S4. Joseph Brightman, Master. 
Joseph Brightman, Jonathan and Nathan Brightman, owners. 

Sloop Betsey. ■")! tons. Built 17H4. Abiel Hathaway, Master. 

Abiel Hathaway, Isaac Alerritt and Peirce Phillips, owners. 
Sloop Briton. 46 tons. Built 17S4. Aaron Borden, Master and owner. 
Sloop Rose. 30 tons. Built 17So. Valentine Blethen, Master. 

Valentine Blelhen and Ambrose Barnaby, owners. Sold 1801. 
Sloop New York Packet. 57 tons. Built 1785. 

Thomas Tripp, Master and owner. 
Sloop Defiance. 35 tons. Built 178.~). 

William Read, Master and owner. 
Sloop Swallow. 47 tons. Built 17H6. Walter Chaloner, Master. 

Walter Chaloner, Joseph Durfee and Benjamin Durfee, owners. 

Also Walter Chaloner, sole owner. 

Sold New Bedford 179W. 
Sloop Kingfisher. 30 tons. Built 1786. Ephraim Briggs, Master. 

Ephraim Briggs, Benjamin Peirce and Abiel Briggs, owners. 

John Payne, Jr. and William Read Jr. , once part owners. Sold New 

port 1705. 
Sloop George. 65 tons. Built 1786. Obed Freeman, Master. 

Henry Brightman, owner. 
Schooner Rebecca. 48 tons. Built 17Hfi, Zephaniah Terry, Master. 

Zephaniah Terry, Isaac Merritt, Job Terry, Solomon Terry, and Ben 

jamin Dagget, owners. 

Abiel Hathaway, Zebedee Terry and Henry Bragg also commanded 
this vessel, and with Samuel Swany and David Perkins were part owners. 

Sloop Quick Time. 50 tons. Built 17S6. Godfrey Briggs, Master. 

Godfrey, Joseph and Malbone Briggs, owners. 
Sloop Lark. 27 tons. Built . Registered 1793. Richard Borden, 

Master. 

Richard and Thomas Borden, owners. 

Also Nathan (Gardner, Master. Peter Gardner, owner. 

Also Job Simmons, Master. Peleg Gardner, owner. 
Sloop Sallie. 61 tons. Built 17H.S. Thomas Payne, Master. 

Thomas Payne and Simon Potter, owners. 
Schooner Phebe, 31 tons. Built 1788. Henry Carter, Jr., :Master. 

Henry Carter, Jr., and Thomas Borden, 3rd, owners. Sold Newport, 

1805. 

175 



Sloop Sally. :i- tons. Built 17SS. Nathan Briggs, ilaster. 
James Nichols and Job Chase, owners. 

Sloop Two Brothers. 41 tons. Built ITSS. Samuel Borden, Master. 

Simeon Borden and Perry Borden, owners. 
Sloop Eliza. 44 tons. Built 1789. Samuel Dixson, Master. 

Samuel Dixson and David Kennedy, owners. 

Also Joseph Crandelle, Jlaster. 
Sloop Carlton. 46 tons. Built 1789. 

Parker Borden, Master and owner. 

Also John Davis, Master and owner. 

Sloop Rainbow. 2.j tons. Built 1789. 

Job Simmons, JIaster and owner. Sold 179."i. 

Sloop Polly. ;i4 tons. Built before 1789. Philip Hathaway, JIaster. 
Philip, Lot and Joseph Hathaway, owners. Sold 1790. 

Schooner Hay Flower. 24 tons. Built before 17s!l. 

Job Allen, Master and Owner. 
Sloop Monmouth. .SO tons. Joseph Church, Master. 

Nathaniel Bowen, owner. Sold 179'2. 
Sloop Lively. 34 tons. Built before 17l-(9. Nathaniel Lewis, Master. 

Zebulon White and Ambrose Barnaby, owners. Sold Philadelphia, 

1792. 
Sloop Hannah. 37 tons. Built before 1789. Edward Woodman, Master. 

Isaac Brightman, owner. Sold 1790. 
Schooner Diadema. 88 tons. Built 1791. Philip Hathaway, Jr. , Master. 

Philip Hathawaj-, owner 
Sloop Randolph. :!2 tons. Built 1791. Jonathan Cleveland, Master. 

Jael Hathaway, owner. Sold 1801. 
Brig Diadema. llKi tons. Built 1791. Benjamin Tew, Master. 

Philip, Joseph and Guilford Hathaway, owners. 

Sloop Hibernia. 41 tons. Registered 1792. John Shaw, Master. 
John Shaw and John Dennis, owners. 

Sloop Four Cousins. .50 tons. Built 1792. Sheffel Weaver, Master. 
Thomas Davis, Benjamin Davis and George Read, owners. 

Sloop Esther. Ii2 tons. Built 1792. Joseph Andrews, Master. 

James Dean, James Dean, Jr., David Dean and Samuel Dean, owners. 

Also James Dean, Jr., Master. 
Sloop JIary. C2 tons. Built 1792. Jonathan Bowen, Master. 

Jonathan Bowen, George Shove, Darius Chase, and Richard Clark, 

owners. 

Also Sheffel Weaver, Master, and with Samuel Tobey and Ichabod 

Read, part owners. Sold Newbern, 1793. 
Schooner Arethusa. 8.5 tons. Built 179o. Edmund Valentine, Master. 

Edmund and William Valentine, owners. Sold Providence, 1794. 

17(J 



Sloop Chartley Ann. 47 tons. Built 1793. Philip Hathaway, Master and 
owner. Sold at Camden, N. C, 1795. 

Schooner Assonet Packet. 41 tons. Built 1793. Ebenezer Payne, Master. 
Ebenezer Payne, Kempton Burbank, Philip Hathaway, 2d, and Calvin 
Hathaway, owners. Sold Sag Harbor, 1798. 

Sloop Mary Ann. 49 tons. Built 1793. Jonathan Bowen, Master. 

Jonathan Bowen, George, Asa, Stephen and Samuel Shove, owners. 

Sold Providence, 1794. 
Sloop Dolphin. 63 tons. Built 1793. Josiah Wardwell, Master. 

Benjamin and Peleg Brightman, owners. 

Also William Richmond, Master. 

Sloop Friendship. 59 tons. Built 1794. Dudley Chace, Master. 

Dudley Chace, Thomas Davis, David Cleveland, and Thomas Durfee, 

2d, owners. 

Also Simeon Jones, Master. 

James Morrison and Samuel Weaver, owners. 

Also Nathan Weaver, Master. 
Schooner Liberty. 47 tons. Built 1794. Philip Chase, Master. 

Philip, Isaiah and Isaac Chase, owners. 

Also Simeon Jones, Master and owner. 

Brig Maria. 98 tons. Built 1794. Sheffel Weaver, Master. 

Jonathan Bowen, Joseph Hathaway, Darius Chase, Stephen Shove, 

Edmund Hathaway, George Shove, David Bowen and Gamael Dean, 

owners 
Sloop Harriote. 61 tons. Built 1794. Abraham Simmons, Master. 

David Barnaby, Anson and Valentine Blethen, owners. 

Brigantine Clarissa. 160 tons. Built 1794. William Richmond, Master. 
John Davis, owner. 

Sloop Polly. 50 tons. Built 1794 Joseph Andrews, Master. 

Jaharick Shaw, Samuel Leonard and Samuel Fales, owners. 

Also James Brigg, Master. 

Daniel Cartwright, Master. John Hathaway, owner. 

Philip Chase, Master. 

Philip, Isaac and Isaiah Chase, owners. 

Jonathan Luce, Master. 

Jonathan and Warren Luce, owners. 
Sloop Polly. 36 tons. Built 1794. John Crane 2d, Master. 

John Briggs, 2d, Philip Hathaway, Joseph Hathaway and Calvin 

Hathaway, owners. Sold Newport, 1795. 

Sloop Discovery. 49 tons. Built 1794. Noble Perry, Master. 
Noble and Joseph Perry, owners. 

Sloop Betsey. 34 tons. Built 1794. Simeon Burr, Master. 

Dudley Hathaway, Joseph Hathaway and William Read, Jr. , owners. 
Sold 1795. 



Sloop Humbird. 38 tons. Built 1794. Joseph Church, Master. 
Nathan Bowen, owner. Sold Bristol, 1801. 

Sloop Discovery. 49 tons. Built 1794. Beth Chase, Master. 
Darius Chase, owner. Sold 1795. 

Sloop Union. 44 tons. Built 1795. Josiah Paddock, Master. 

Josiah Paddock, Richmond Paddock, Job Peirce and Clothier Hath- 
away, owners. 
Also Clothier Hathaway, Master. Sold 1797. 

Schooner Rambler. 69 tons. Built 1795. Nathan Weaver, Master. 

Nathan Weaver, Sheffel Weaver, Jonathan Read, Jr., and heirs of 

Ichabod Read, owners. 

Also Sheffel Weaver, Master, and George and Daniel Read, part owners. 

LaiSt at Georgetown, S. C, 1798. 
Sloop Two Peters. 38 tons. Built 1795. Seth Chace, Master. 

Gilbert Chace and Peter Nichols (Blacksmith) owners. Sold Perth 

Amboy, 1798. 
Sloop Welcome. 44 tons. Built 1795, and at once sold to Solomon Thorn- 
ton Jr. and Chri.'^topher Thornton. 

Brig Charlotte. 101 tons. Built 1795. 

Wanton Steere, Master and owner. 
Schooner Apollo. 94 tons. Built 1795. Philip Chace, Master. 

Augustus Chace, Josiah Paddock, Job Peirce, and John Terry, owners. 

Brig Orange. 135 tons. Built 1795. Stephen Chace, Master. 
Edmund Valentine, owner. 

Sloop Betser. 55 tons. Built 1795. Henry Pettis, Master. 
Ebenezer Crane, Jr., ApoUos and Levi Dean, Owners. 

Sloop Brandawine. ~2 tons. Built 1795. Abel Borden, Master. 
Abel, Abner and Joseph BorJen, owners. 

Brig William. 129 tons. Built 1796. Luther Winslow, Jr., Master. 

Luther Winslow, David Valentine, Luther Winslow, Jr. and Edson 

Valentine, owners. 

Also Edward Gardner and Edson Valentine, Masters. 

Brig Polly and Nancy. 105 tons. Built 1796. Benjamin W. Brown, Master. 
Also William Read, Jr. , Master. 

Benjamin W. Brown, Robert Porter, Samuel Pickens, and Edmund 
Hathaway, owners. Sold 1797. 

Sloop Dolphin. 61 tons. Built 1796. 
Edson Valentine, Master and owner. 
Also Nathan Weaver, Master. 

Thomas Davis, Thomas Freelove, Jr., Joseph and Oliver Read, own- 
ers. Sold 1799. 

Sloop Lucy. 49 tons. Built 1796. Philip Hathaway, Master. 

Philip Hathaway and Edmund Hathaway, owners. Sold 1801. 

178 



Sloop Fair Rosamond. 51 tons. Built 1796. William Read, Jr., Master. 
William Read, Jr., Dudley Hathaway, John Hathaway, 2d, and 
Edmund Hathaway, owners. Sold 1797. 
Sloop Law Book. 30 tons. Built 1796. Daniel Barnaby, Master. 

Daniel Barnaby, Ambrose Barnaby, Valentine Blethen, and Jonathan 
Davis, owners. Sold New Bedford, 1797. 
Sloop Endeavor. 38 tons. Built 1796. Valentine Blethen, Master. 

Valentine Blethen, William Valentine, David Cleveland and Robert 

Miller, owners. Sold 1798. 
Sloop Regulator. 83 tons. Built 1796. Valentine Blethen, Master. 

Valentine Blethen, William Valentine and Thomas Davis, owners. 

Sold 1803. 
Sloop Sea Flower. 73 tons. Built 1797. William Read, Jr., Master. 

William Valentine, owner. Sold Bristol, 1801. 
Sloop Rover. 37 tons. Built 1797. Peter Nichols, Master. 

Peter, James and Joseph Nichols, owners. Sold New Bedford, 1801. 
Sloop Warden. 34 tons. Built 1797. Edmund Hathaway, Master. 

Edmund Hathaway, Benjamin W. Brown and Samuel Pickens, own 

ers. Sold Newport, 1799. 
Sloop Eagle. 35 tons. Built 1797. Isaac Burbank, Jr., Master. 

Kempton Burbank, owner. Sold 1800. 
Sloop Defiance. 34 tons. Built 1797. John Terry, Master. 

John and Zephaniah Terry, owners. Sold Providence, 1800. 
Sloop Quick Times. 34 tons. Built 1797. Ephraim Briggs, Master. 

Peter Nichols and Isaac Burbank, owners. Sold 1813. 
Sloop Ranger. 24 tons. Built 1797. Benjamin Porter, Jr., Master. 

Benjamin Porter, Jr., ai d Jonathan Bowen, owners. Sold 1799. 
Sloop Mary Dean. 50 tons. Built 1797. David Padelford, Master. 

David Padelford, Ebenezer and Enos Dean, owners. 
Brig Celia. 118 tons. Built 1798. Joseph S. Martin, Master. 

John Davis, owner. 
Sloop Betsey. 37 tons. Built 1798. Ebenezer Payne, 2d, Master. 

Ebenezer Payne, 2d, Luther Briggs and Philip Chase, owners. Sold 

1803. 
Sloop Wealthy. 35 tons. Built 1798. John Payne, Jr., Master. 

John Payne, Jr. and Augustus Chase, owners. Ashore and broken up 

1803. 
Schooner Hiram. 78 tons. Built 1798. Philip Chase, Master. 

Philip, Gilbert, Augustus and Darius Chase and Luther Briggs, own- 
ers. Sold Charleston, 1799. 
Schooner Diana. 89 tons. Built 1799. Edmund Hathaway, Master. 

Edmund and Philip Hathaway, owners. Sold 1801. 
Sloop Eliza. 87 tons. Built 1799. John Boyce, Master. 

Edward Shove, Joseph Shove, Josiah Paddock, Guilford Hathaway 

and Oliver Grinnell, owners. Stranded at Snow Hill and sold 1804. 

179 



Schooner Marian. 78 tons. Built 1799. Guilford Hathaway, Master. 

Guilford Hathaway, Jonathan and Benjamin W. Bowen, owners. Sold 
at Newport, 1800. 
Schooner George. 85 tons. Built 1799. Sheffel Weaver, Master. 
Isaiah, Thomas and George Borden, Jr., owners. 
Also George Borden, Jr., Master. Sold. 
Sloop Adams. 37 tons. Built 1799. 

Gilbert Staples, Master and owner. Sold 1816. 
Sloop Justina. 69 tons. Built 1799, for Newport parties. 
Schooner Friendship. 101 tons. Built 1800. John Read, Master. 

John Read, Joseph Shove, Edward Shove, Kempton Burbank, David 

Cudworth and Gilbert Tisdale, owners. Registered at Wilmington, 

1802. 
Schooner Persis. 93 tons. Built 1800. John Strange, Master. 

John Strange, Alden Hathaway, Noah Hathaway and Benjamin 

Chace, 2d, owners. Last at Georgetown, S. C, 1801. 
Brig Spanish Lady, 127 tons. Built 1800. Philip Chase, Master. 

Philip Chace, Augustus Chace and Luther Briggs, owners. Surren- 
dered at St. Mary's, 1803. 
Brig Neptune. 41 tons. Built 1800. Anson Bliffins, Master, 

John Bowers, owner. 
Schooner GrandTurk. 123 tons. Built 1800. Henry Pettis, Master. 

Edson Valentine, owner. 

Also Edson Valentine, Master, and Jonathan Bowen, part owner. 
Schooner Hiram. 113 tons. Built 1800. Nathan Weaver, Master. 

Sheffel Weaver, Enos Cleveland, Jonathan Read and Jonathan Read, 

Jr., owners. 
Schooner Republican. 99 tons. Built 1800. Elisha Gregory, Master. 

Eiisha Gregory, Ebenezer Crane, Augustus Chase, Eleazor and Peter 

Nichols, owners. 
Schooner Hecate. 93 tons. Built 1801. Azel Howard, Master. 

Francis Howard, George Baylus and John Angior, owners. 
Schooner Fair Play. 95 tons. Built 1801. John Brown, Master. 

John and Samuel Brown, owners. 
Brig Industry. 141 tons. Built 1801. Benjamin Davis Jr. , Master. 

Benjamin Davis Jr., and Collins Chase, owners. 
Schooner Betsey. 84 tons. Built 1801. John Strange, Master. 

John Straoge, Josiah Paddock, Paddock Richmond and Sylvester 

Briggs, owners. 
Schooner Atalanta. 127 tons. Built 1801. Edmund Hathaway, Master. 

Edmund and Noah Hathaway; owners. 

Also Benjamin P. Chase, Master. Edmund Hathaway, sole owner. 

Also Philip Tew, Master. Stranded and lost on Cape Henry 1810. 
Schooner Polly Merrick. 67 tons. Built 1801. David Miller, Master. 

Also Joseph Childs, Master. 

Isaac Merrick and David Miller, owners. Sold New Bedford, 1803. 

180 



Schooner Harriet. 106 tons. Built 1801. Philip Chase, Master. 

Philip, Gilbert and Augustus Chase, John Strange, Luther and Gilbert 

Briggs, owners. Registered 1809. 
Sloop Argus. 44 tons. Built 1801. Job G. Lawton, Master. 

Daniel Douglas, Ebenezer Peirce and Job Peirce, owners. Sold 1804- 
Schooner American Lady. 60 tons. Built IMOl. Ebenezer Payne, 2d, 

Master. 

Ebenezer Payne, 2d, Ebenezer Payne and John Cudworth, owners. 

Registered at Camden, 1804. 
Brig Defiance. 115 tons. Built 1801. Guilford Hathaway, Master. 

Guilford and Philip Hathaway, owners. Registered at Savannah, 1801. 

Sloop Sally. 38 tons. Built 1801. John Briggs, Master. 

John Briggs 2d and Kempton Burbank, owners. Last at Bristol, 1806. 

Schooner Republican. 46 tons. Built 1802. George C. Briggs, Master. 

George C. Briggs, Luther Briggs, John Terry, Kempton Burbank, and 

Malbone Hathaway, owners. Sold IS 11. 
Schooner Abigail. 106 tons. Built 1803. James L. Valentine. Master. 

Thomas Valentine, Augustus Chase, Anson BlifBns and James L. 

Valentine, owners. 
Sloop VoUy. 21 tons. Built 1802. William Hall, Master, 

Ebenezer Peirce, Joseph and Stephen Barnaby, owners. Sold 1814. 
Sloop Lily. 40 tons. Built 1802. Job Terry, Master. 

Job Terry, Wanton Hathaway, and Job Payne, owners. 

Brig Jefferson. 112 tons. Built 1802. Aaron Dean, Master. Aaron Dean, 
Samuel Dean, Bailey Winslow, Nicholas Hathaway, Job Peirce, Eben- 
ezer Peirce and David A, Leonard, owners. 

David A. Leonard, at one time a resident of Assonet Village, was the * 

grandfather of the Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State, the most noted 

and influential diplomat of the present age, whose mother, Helen 

(Leonard) Hay, was born at Assonet. 
Brig Hiram. 116 tons. Built 1802. John Strange, Master. 

John Strange, Gilbert Chace, Richard Clark, Oliver Grinnell, Silas 

Payne, Josiah Paddock, Kempton Burbank Joseph, Edward and 

George Shove, owners. 
Sloop Swift. 51 tons. Built 1802. John Bourn, Master. 

Samuel Bourn, William, Philip and John Winslow 3d, owners. 
Schooner Prudence. 46 tons. Built 1802. Henry Munroe, Master. 

Henry Munroe and Samuel Townsend, owners. 
Brig President. 155 tons. Built 1802. Simmons Hathaway, Master. 

Simmons and Philip Hathaway, owners. 

Also Benjamin W. Brown, Master. 
Sloop Antelope. 86 tons. Built 1802. Sheffel Wea\-er, Master. 

Sheffel Weaver, Jonathan Read and Jonathan Read, Jr., owners. 

Also Nathan Weaver, Master. Changed to schooner and sold 1808. 

181 



Sloop Fair Play. 46 tons. Built 1802. Henry Carter, Jr., Master. 

Henry Carter, Jr. and Thomas Borden, 3rd, owners. Sold Providence, 

1803. 
Sloop Two Brothers. 47 tons. Built 1802. Theophilus Chase, Master. 

Josiah Paddock, Joseph Shove, Edward Shove and Jason Hathaway, 

owners. 
Schooner Pegasus. Ill tons. Built 1803. John C. Richmond, Master. 

John Bowers and Benjamin Davis, owners. 

Also Audley Clarke, Master. 

Audley Clarke, Peleg "Wood, Jr., and Christopher Fowler, owners. 

Sloop Ranger. 28 tons. Built 1808. David Hathaway, Master. 

Henry Hathaway, owner. Broken up 1831. 
Schooner Angenora. 89 tons. Built 1803. Nathan Simmons, Master. 

Edson Valentine, owner. Sold Bristol, 1804. 

Sloop Triton. 49 tons. Built 1803. Henry Tew, Jr., Master. 

Ebenezer Peirce, Job Peirce, John Terry and Silas Terry, owners. 

Sold Bristol, 1806. 
Sloop Sinia. 39 tons. Built 1803. 

Augustus Chace, Master and owner. Broken up 1811. 

Schooner Caroline. 113 tons. Built 1804. John Pierce, Master. 

ApoUos Dean, Peter Nichols, Levi Dean, Heirs of Eleazer Nichols, 
widow Hopey Terry and Zephaniah Terry, owners. Sold 1813. 

Schooner Dover. 107 tons. Built 1804. Daniel Chase, Master. 

Peter Nichols, Anson BlifBns, Z. Terry, Jr., Gilbert Chase, John 
Terry, Luther Briggs and Eleazer Nichols, owners. Registered 1809. 

Schooner Hiram. 110 tons. Built 1804. Anson BlifBns, Master. 

Anson Bliffins and James L. Valentine, owners. Last at Charles- 
ton, 1810. 
Sloop Amy. 37 tons. Built 1804. James Burr, Master. 

James Burr, Daniel Douglass and Daniel Douglass, Jr., owners. Last 

at Bristol, 1811. 
Brig Mount Vernon. 187 tons. Built 1805. Joseph Peirce, Master. 

Joseph Peirce, Josiah Paddock, Richard Clark, Joseph, Edward and 

George Shove, owners. 
Ship Perseverence. 200 tons. Built 1805. Simmons Hathaway, Master. 

Simmons and Edmund Hathaway, owners. 
Brig Fair America. 138 tons. Built 1805. John Strange, Master. 

John Strange, John Hathaway, Samuel and Samuel Hathaway, Jr., 

owners. 
Schooner Traveller. 73 tons. Built 1805. Frederick Hathaway, Master. 

Alden Hathaway, owner. Registered 1809. 
Schooner Little Ann. 74 tons. Built 1805. George C. Briggs, Master. 

Robert Porter, Paddock Richmond, Joseph E. Read and Henry Porter 

owners. Last at Washington, North Carolina, 1806. 

182 



Sloop Fame. 34 tons. Built 1805. Jason Hathaway, Master. 

Jason Hathaway and John Cudworth, owners. Sold Sag Harbor, 1811. 
Sloop Eunice. 48 tons. Built 1806. James Chase, Master. 

Edmund Hathaway and Guilford Dudley Hathaway, owners. Sold 

1811. 
Sloop Unicorn. 69 tons. Built 1807. George C. Briggs, Master. 

George C. Briggs, Benjamin Weaver and Ebenezer Peirce, owners. 

Sold Bristol, 18U9. 
Schooner Betsey. S6 tons. Built 1807. Nathaniel Briggs, Master. 

Nathaniel Briggs, Josephas Briggs and Gilbert Staples, owners. For 

eign from Georgetown, 1817. 
Sloop Jane. 64 tons. Built 1807. Allen Chase, Master. 

Allen Chace and Gilbert Chace, owners. Sold New Bedford, 1810. 
Sloop Roema. 46 tons. Built 1808. John Read, Master. 

Robert Porter and Henry Porter, owners. Sold New Bedford, 1809. 
Sloop Ann Matilda. 68 tons. 

Gilbert Chace, Master and owner. Sold 1809. 
Sloop William. 51 tons. Built 1809. John Read, Master. 

Ephraim Merrick, John Read and Isaac Merrick, owners. Foreign 

trade 1811. 
Schooner Mary. 68 tons. Built 1809. George Dean, Master. 

Benjamin Dean of Freetown and William Nichols of Troy, owners. 

Sold Providence, 1823. 
Sloop Angenora. 48 tons. Built 1809. Philip Tew, Master. 

Ambrose Barnaby, Hathaway, Silas Hathaway and Isaac N. 

Hathaway, owners. Last at Newburn, 1811. 
Sloop Eagle. 48 tons. Built 1809. 

Job Payne, Master and owner. 
Sloop Eudora. 49 tons. Built 1810. Benjamin Chace. Master. 

Philip Hathaway, owner. Sold 1815. 
Sloop Cohannet. 83 tons. Built 1810. 

Augustus Chace, Master and owner. Broken up 1829. 
Schooner Cincinnatus. 82 tons. Built 1810. 

James L. Valentine, Master and owner. Sailed from Newport, Decem- 
ber 2."), 1810 and lost at sea. 
Sloop Henry. 62 tons. Built 1810. 

John Read, Master and owner. Last at Savannah, 1818. 
Sloop Polly. 23 tons. Built . George Chace, Master. 

George Chace, Augustus Chace and Job Peirce, owners. Broken up 

1838. 
Schooner Merino. 73 tons. Built 1810. Benjamin H. Lawton, Master. 

Benjamin H. Lawton, John Terry, Silas Terry, Earl Sampson and 

heirs of John Hinds, owners. Sold Newport, 1818. 
Sloop Mercaton. 49 tons. Built 1811. George C. Briggs, Master. 

Ebenezer Peirce and Joseph Weaver, owners. Sold 1851. 

183 



Schooner Meleta. 148 tons. Built 1811. John Eddy, Master. 

Isaac Merrick, David Terry, Samuel Hathaway and Thorhas Randall, 
owners. Last at Philadelphia, 1815. 
Schooner Aurora. 129 tons. Built 1811. Anson Bliffins, Master. 

Anson Bliffins, Robert Strobridge and Stephen B. Pickens, owners. 

Foreign from New York, 1817. 
Sloop Mary Ann. 39 tons. Built 1812. John Briggs, Jr. , Master. 

Allen Chace, part owner. Last at Newport, 1817. 
Sloop Lily. 37 tons. Built 1812. Benjamin H. Lawton, Master. 

Benjamin H. Lawton, Joshua and Seth Rowland, owners. Sold 1815. 
Sloop Swallow. 44 tons. Built 1812. Ebenezer Payne, 2d, Master. 

John and Silas Terry, owners. Last at Newport, 1815. 
Sloop Ann Eliza. 3.1 tons. Built 1813. William Sekell, Master. 

John Cudworth, part owner. Sold 1823. 
Sloop Massachusetts. 41 tons. Built 1813. Robert Strobridge, Master. 

Robert Strobridge and Thomas Burbank, part owners. Sold 1831. 
Sloop Liberty. 85 tons. Built 1813. William Sekell, Master. 

William Sekell and Ebenezer Payne, owners. Sold at Newport 1817. 
Schooner Friendship. 27 tons. Built 1814. 

Cornelius C. Hamlin, Master and owner. Lost near Martha's Vine- 
yard, Aug. 18, 1830. 
Sloop Victory. 30 tons. Built 1814. Philip Chace, Master. 

Artemas Willard, owner. Broken up 1838. 
Sloop Fame. 47 tons. Built 1815. John Phillips, Master. 

Edmund Hathaway, Augustus Chase and John Phillips, owners. Lost 

in 1816. 
Sloop Rosette. 47 tons. Built 1815. Clothier Hathaway, Master. 

Samuel Hathaway, John Hathaway and Isaac Merrick, owners. Sold 

at Bristol, 1815. 
Schooner Cerena. Built 1815. Adino Paddock, Master. 

Adino Paddock, Earl Sampson, John Nichols and Benjamin Babbitt, 

owners. Foreign from Wilmington, 1819. 
Schooner Atalanta. 184 tons. Built 1815. James Chace, Master. 

Edmund Hathaway, owner. 
Sloop General Jackson. 36 tons. Built 1816. Thomas J. Evans, Master. 

Guilford H. Hathaway, James W. Hathaway and Guilford Hathaway, 

owners. Broken up 1841. 
Schooner Liberty. 66 tons. Built 1816. William Hall, Master. 

William Hall, David Dean, Ezra Dean, Olive Hathaway, Heirs of 

Joseph Nichols and Charles Strange, owners. 

Sloop Roseta. 46 tons. Built 1816. Jason Hathaway, Master. 

Jason Hathaway, Peter Nichols and Allen Chace, owners. Sold 1824. 
Sloop John and Philip. 67 tons. Built 1816. Henry Slade, Master. 

John H. Pierce and Philip P. Hathaway, owners. Sold in New York, 

1817. 

184 



Sloop Sarah Ann. 40 tons. Built 1^16. Daniel Burt, Master. 

William Carpenter, owner. Left New York, December, Isis, and 

lost at sea. 
Sloop Planter. 55 tons. Built 1816. Philip Lee, Master. 

Stephen Barnaby, Philip, Isaac N. and John Hathaway, ."ith, owners. 

Sold at Savannah, 1S23. 
Brig Atalanta. 134 tons. Built 1816. 

Edmund Hathaway, Master and owner. Foreign from Wilmington, 

1819. 
Brig Polander. 90 tons. Milton Andros. Master. 

Condemned and sold as prize at Savannah, 1818. John Read, owner. 

Again sold at Brunswick, Ga. , 1818. 
Sloop Sviccess. 33 tons. Built 1816. George C. Briggs, Master. 

John and Silas Terry, owners. Foreign from Newburn, 18'20. 
Sloop Eliza. 39 tons. Built 1816. Augustus C. Barrows. 

A. C Barrows and Seth P. Williams, owners. Broken up, 1841. 
Sloop Martha Jane. 30 tons. Ephraim Tisdale, Master. 

Sylvanus S. Payne, Allen Chace, Washington Read, Luther Pickens 

and Job Pajme, owners. 
Sloop Ruth. 47 tons. Built 1817. Seth Winslow, Master. 

George Pickens and Pierce, owners. Lost on passage Charles- 
ton to Providence, 1819. 
Sloop Union. 49 tons. Baiit 1817. John Clark, Master. 

John Cudworth and Daniel Douglass, owners. Sold New Bedford, 

1819. 
Schooner Millenium. 108 tons. Built 1817. John Clark, Master. 

John and Richard Clark, owners. Foreign from Newburn, 1830. 
Sloop Wellington. 37 tons. 

John Brown, Master and owner. Broken up at Assonet, 1843. 
Schooner Susan. 118 tons. Built 1817. Nathaniel Briggs, Master. 

Edmund Hathaway and Josephas Briggs, owners. Went foreign from 

Alexandria, 1833. 
Sloop Jane. 33 tons. Benjamin H. Lawton, Jr., Master. 

John Cudworth and Benjamin H. Lawton, Jr., owners. Sold 1^2(!. 
Schooner Washington. 63 tons. Built 1817. Adino Paddock, Master. 

Adino Paddock, William Winslow and Benjamin Burt, owners. For- 
eign from Newport, 1824. 
Brig Enterprise. Timothy Lewis, Master. 

Guilford H. Hathaway, ex. of estate of Edmund Hathaway, sole 

owner. Sold at Bristol, R. I , 1835. 
Schooner Susan. 118 tons. Built 1817. Anson Bliffins, Master. 

Nathaniel Briggs of Freetown and Joseph Badge of Boston, owners. 

Sold at Newbern, 1827. 
Schooner Betsey. 173 tons. Anson Blifiins, ilaster. 

Edmund Hathaway, owner. Lost 1838. 

185 



Schooner Ephraim. 73 tons. 

Josephas Briggs, Master and part owner. Foreign from Newport, 1822 
Sloop Phebe Ann. 33 tons. Edmund Briggs, Master. 

Joseph Briggs, owner. Sold 1823. 
Sloop Hen. Built 1818. Benjamin Porter, Jr., Master. 

John Nichols and Earl Sampson, owners. Sold 1833. 
Schooner Rose in Bloom. 66 tons. Built 1818. Jacob Brightman, Master. 

Robert Strobridge and Ephraim Merrick, owners. Sold 1833. 
Brig Betsey. 142 tons. Built 1819. Elisha L. Pratt, Master. 

Edmund Hathaway, owner. Foreign Irom Wilmington, 1830. 

Schooner John and Mary. 56 tons. Built 1819. Henry Cleveland, Master. 

Henry Cleveland, of Troy; Abraham Ashley, Jr., Charles Crapo and 

Job Terry, owners. Sold 1823. 
Sloop Sea Flower. 38 tons. Built 1821. Welcome Hathaway, Master. 

Welcome Hathaway, Jason Hathaway and Thomas J. Lee, owners. 

Sold 1823. 
Sloop Infant. 31 tons. Built 1821. George Chaoe, Master. 

Augustus Chace, owner. Broken up, 1843. 
Sloop Rising Sun. Built 1821. 

Artemas Willard, Master and owner. Sold 1833. 
Sloop Elenor. 49 tons. Built 1822. William Sekell, Master. 

William Sekell. S. S. Payne, Noah P. Hathaway and Job Pierce, own- 
ers. Sold at New Bedford, 1835. 
Schooner Good Return. 105 tons. Built 1823. Richard Clark, Jr., Master. 

John, Jesse, Richard and Richard Clark, Jr., owners. Foreign 1833. 

Also Job Terry, Master. 
Sloop Morning Star. 46 tons. Built 1823. Ephraim Tisdale, Master. 

Ebenezer Payne and Sylvanus S. Payne, owners. 
Sloop Trader. 86 tons. George Dean, Master. 

George Dean and Gershom Burr, owners. Sold 1835. 
Sloop Fair Play. 36 tons. Built 1833. Edmund D. Hathaway, Master. 

Edmund D. . Guilford and James Hathaway, owners. Sold 1833. 

Sloop Fairhaven. 44 tons. Built 1824. Guilford H. Evans, Master. 

Edmund Hathaway, Guilford H. Evans and David Evans, owners. 

Sold at Providence 1828. 
Sloop Providence. 38 tons. Built 1834. James M. Hathaway, Master. 

James M. Hathiway, Peter Nichols, Dean Durfee, George Dean and 

Sumner Briggs, owners. Sold at Providence, 1836. 
Sloop Three Brothers. 65 tons. Built 1825. George Dean, Master. 

George Dean, Benjamin Dean, Joseph Durfee, Laban Smith and Job 

Pierce, owners. Named for the three brothers, John, George and 

Benjamin Deane. Sold 1831. 
Sloop Hannah. 35 tons. Benjamin I. Brown, Master. 

Broken up, 1829. 

1K(J 



Sloop Boliver. 45 tons. Built 1826. Allen Payne, Master. 

Allen Payne, George Dean and William Sekell, owners. Sold at St. 
Mary's, 1839. 

Sloop Argo. 44 tons. Built 1828. Benjamin H. Lawton, Master. 
Benj. Terry and William Strobridge, owners. Sold 1833. 

Sloop Sapello. 71 tons. Built 1828. Welcome Hathaway, Master. 

Benjamin Dean, Jr., George Dean, Welcome Hathaway and Joseph 
Dvirfee, Jr., owners. Sold Aug. 16, 1839. 

Sloop Marshall. 70 tons. Allen Chace, Master. 

Allen Chace and George Dean, owners. Sold 1834. 

Sloop Merchant. 62 tons. Built 1829. Franklin Briggs, Master. 

Franklin Briggs, Job Pierce, Guilford H. Hathaway, Ambrose W. 
Hathaway and Samuel R. Bragg, owners. 

Sloop Ann Maria. Ho tons. Built 1829. Nathaniel Briggs, Master. 

Nathaniel Briggs, Benjamin Dean, George Dean, and Adino Pad- 
dock, owners. Lost at sea. All hands lost. When last seen Captain 
Briggs was scudding before a gale of wind off Cape Hatteras. 

Sloop Macon. 67 tons. Built 1830. William Hall, Master. 

William Hall, Job Pierce and Joseph Durfee, Jr., owners. Sold 1835. 

Schooner John Henry. 110 tons. Built 1832. George Henry, Master. 
John G. Burns and New York owners. Sold at New York, 1838. 

Sloop Franklin. 32 tons. Built 1832. Allen Payne, Master and o\vner. 
Sold 1853. 

Schooner Caroline. 60 tons. Joseph F. BlifBns, Master. 
Philip H. Evans, owner. Sold at Provincetown, 1847. 

Schooner Cantoi). 110 tons. Built 1832. George W. Gibbs, Master. 

Sloop Wave. 40 tons. Built 1833. Stephen B. Barnaby, Master. 
Stephen B. Barnaby and Stephen Barnaby, owners. Sold 1841. 

Sloop Science. Built 1833. James Burr, Master. 

James Burr, Job Pierce and Joseph Durfee, Jr., owners. Sold Savan- 
nah, 1836. 

Schooner Cashier. 74 tons. Built 1834. Allen Payne, Master. 

Allen Payne, Joseph Durfee, Job Pierce, and S. S. Payne, owners. 
Went ashore at Kill Devil Hill near Cape Hatteras, 1.S37. Sold Eliza- 
beth City, 1837. 

Sloop William Wray. 60 tons. Madison Durfee, Master. 
Madison Durfee and John Brown, owners. Sold 1M41. 

Sloop Actor. 25 tons. Franklin Briggs, Master. 

Franklin Briggs and Job Pierce, owners. Sold at New York, 1H4M. 

Sloop Hamilton. 33 tons. Augustus C. Barrows, Master. 

Augustus C. Barrows, George Dean and James W. Hathaway, owners. 

Sloop Independence. 35 tons. James Dean, Master. 

Benjamin Dean, owner. Bought at Taunton, Mass. Last at New- 
port, 1851. Sold. 

1S7 



Schooner President. 83 tons. Built 1834. Simeon Coombs, Jr., Master. 
Luther Cudworth, John Dean, Benjamin Dean, Welcome Hathaway 
and Guilford H. Hathaway, owners. Sold. 
Built for Captain Luther Cudworth. 
Schooner Florida. 83 tons. Built 1834, Samuel Pridham, Master. 

Samuel Pridham, George Dean and Franklin Briggs, owners. Sold 
Brunswick, Ga., 1858. Built for Captain Franklin Briggs. 
Sloop Mary Elizabeth. Built 1834. Henry il. Chace, Master. 
Tisdale Briggs. sole owner. Sold at Newport, 1864. 
Built by David Robinson at Robinson's Shore. 
Also, Allen Payne, Master. 
Schooner Virginia. 133 tons. Built 1836. Thomas Andros, Master. 

Job Pierce, George AV. Hall, William Hali, Allen Chase, Welcome 
Hathaway, and Allen Payne, part owners. Last at Bristol in 1848. 
Sold. 

Built for Captain William Hall. 
Schooner Alexander M. 143 tons. Built 18:^7. William Pratt, 2d, Mas- 
ter. 

William Pratt, 2d, George Dean, John Dean, 3d, Benjamin Dean and 
Franklin Briggs, owners. Last at New Bedford, 1843. Sold. 
Sloop Osterville. 31 tons. Augustus C. Barrows, Master. 

A. C. Barrows, Joseph Durfee, Jr., Job Payne, Jr. and Job Pierce, 
owners. Broken up at Assonet. 
Sloop Company. 63 tons. Built 1838. James W. Burr, Master. 

James W. Burr, Job Pierce and James Burr, part owners. Sloop Com- 
pany rig changed to schooner 1841. Last at Savannah, 1851. Sold. 
1st Paper. Sloop Bristol. 31 tons. Built 1838. Edmund D. Hathaway, 
Master. 

Also Henry M. Chace, Master. E. D Hathaway, Guilford H. Hath- 
away, Thomas Evans, Luther Cudworth and James W. Hathaway, 
owners. Driven ashore by ice during the winter of 1899 at Gardner's 
Neck, Swansea, and broken up. 
Sloop Pinion. 39 tons. Henry M. Chace, Master. 

Philip H. Evans, owner. Lost at Watch Hill, 1857. 
Sloop Glide. 34 tons. 

Philip H. Evans, Master and owner. 
Also Henry M. Chace, Master. Broken up at Assonet. 
Barque Harriet. 147 tons. Built 1808. James Madison Durfee, Master. 
John D. Wilson, Alden Hatheway, Job Terry, James M. Durfee, Job 
Peirce, George Dean, Charles Hathaway, Ambrose W. Hathaway, 
Barnaby Hathaway, Welcome Hathawa}', Robert Porter, John Mac- 
omber, John Crane and Benjamin Dean of Freetown, Isaiah Winslow, 
Robert P. Strobridge, Joseph P. Haskins and Frederick Seekel of 
Middleboro, Philip Durfee and Benjamin Almy of Providence, owners. 
The Harriet was fitted out at Winslow's Rocks, near the mouth of the 
Assonet river for a whaling voyage. The investment proved to be an 
unlucky one for her owners. She was condemned at Pernambuco, 
Brazil, in 1848. 

188 



Barque Elizabeth. ;i49 tons. Built at Waldoboro, Me., \K'-',>i. Elisha 
Gifford, Master. 

Elnathan P. Hatheway, Franklin Briggs, Job Peirce, John D. Wilson, 
Benjamin Dean, John Dean, George Dean, Welcome Hathaway, Gideon 
P. Hathaway, Davis J. Barrows, James Burr, James W. Hathaway, 
Edmund D. Hathaway and Guilford Hathaway of Freetown, Alonzo 
Davenport of New Bedford, Clothier Allen, John Allen Jr., John C. 
Haskins and Joseph Haskins of Middleboro, owners. 

This was one of the two whale ships fitted out at Freetown, the 
venture in both cases proving disastrous, and very disheartening to 
their owners. The Elizabeth was twice fitted out at Hathaway's wharf 
in the Narrows. She first sailed in 1.S41. On this voyage an entire 
boat's crew of six, including the captain, were lost. When last seen 
from the ship they were fast to a whale. A fog came up and shut them 
out of view; in. the morning their boat was found bottom up. The 
names of the unfortunate sailors were Bradford W. Winslow, captain, 
son of John Winslow; Benjamin Hall, son of William Hall; George S. 
Evans, son of Thomas Evans; and William H. Thresher, son of Henry 
Thresher, ;ill of Assonet, and David Hathaway, boatsteerer, son of 
Russell Hathaway and Daniel Reed, son of George Reed, both of Steep 
Brook. The date of this sad event was June 17, IS^:^. 

She sailed on her second and last voyage July 4, 1S44. Elisha 
Gifford, JIaster. She was burned at the Fiji Islands in 1846. Two of 
the young men of the village that were numbered with her crew, 
Charles, son of Hampton Pierce, and Thomas W. Pierce Jr., never 
returned home. The latter died of sunstroke near Sacramento, Cal. 

Sloop Nation. 27 tons. Built 1840. Bayliss Hathaway, Master. 
Welcome and Jason liuthaway, owners. 
Last at Providence in 18r)2. 

Schooner John P. Collins, i^!) tons. James W. Burr, Master. 
James W. Burr and James Burr, part owners. 

Sloop Alabama. '■)'> tons. Built 1840. Edwin Harris, Master. 

Edwin Harris, Stephen B. Barnaby, James W. Hathaway, Guilford 
Hathawa)', F. S. Hathaway, Thomas T. Hathaway, Thomas Evans, 
Edward D. Hathaway, John Winslow and Guilford H. Hathaway, 
owners. Last at New York in 1.S4:1 

Sloop Eagle. '23 tons. John Brown, Master and owner. 
Pjroken up at Assonet in 1856. 

Sloop America. 56 tons. Daniel C. Brown, Master and owner. 
Disappeared from the records in 1843 

Schooner Imperial. 156 tons. Built 1841. Joseph H. Read, Master. 

Joseph H. Read, John Dean 2d, Benjamin Dean, Guilford H. Hath- 
away, Edward O. Hathaway, John D. Wilson and Charles W. Hath- 
away, owners. Disappeared in 1847. Sold. 

Sloop Chief. 28 tons. James L. Robinson, Master. 

James L. Robinson and Job Terry, owners. Sold in 1848 

189 



Sloop J. Pierce. 4S tons. Built 1S43. George Dean, Master. 

George Dean, John D. Wilson and Job Peirce, owners. Sold in Rock- 
land in 18."i6. 
Abner Winslow was the boss carpenter in building this sloop. 

Sloop Narragansett, 35 tons. Peleg Barker, Master. 

Thomas L. Robinson of Boston, owner. Broken up in 1864. 

Schooner John K. Randall. 144 tons. Built 1S4T. William Williams, 
Master. 

George Dean, Benjamin Dean, Job Peirce and John D. Wilson, owners. 
Last at New Bedford in 18.j1. Sold. 
Built for Captain George Dean, at the ship yard on Water Street. 

Schooner Carrier. 143 tons. Built 1848. Elisha Gibbs, Master. 

Elisha Gibbs, John D. Wilson, Luther Cudworth, Job Peirce, Wel- 
come Hathaway, Guilford H. Hathaway, Benjamin Dean and John 
Dean, owners. 

Built for Captain Luther Cudworth at the ship yard on Water street. 
The last vessel built in Freetown. Altered into a Brigantine in 1851. 
Sunk in a collision off the New Jersey coast in 1852. Loaded with 
sugar for New York. A total loss. The crew escaped in the vawl 
boat, which was sent to Assonet. The last vessel hailing from Free- 
town that engaged in foreign trade. 

Schooner Mary A. Rowland. 109 tons. James W. Burr, Master. 

James W. Burr, James Burr and William Read, part owners Sold 
at Providence in 1862. 

Captain Burrwas engaged in the Southern carrying trade at the break- 
ing out of the War of the Rebellion. 

Schooner Charles W. Bentle}^. 119 tons. William Read, Master. 

William Read, Luther Cudworth, George W. Hall and James Burr, 
owners. Sold in 1862. 

Captain Read was in Charleston, S. C just before the firing upon Fort 
Sumter. One evening he overheard a whispered conversation on the 
dock about the seizing of his vessel the next day. He cut loose that 
night and escaped. 

Schooner Challenge. 104 tons. George N. Bailey, Master. 

George N. Bailey, Joshua A. Smith, Jabez Smith, Joseph W. Smith, 
Benjamin G. Rogers, Reuel Strickland, Joshua Crandell, Edward Ash- 
ley, Franklin Potter, Josiah Wyman of New London, Luther Pickens, 
Luther Cudworth. George W, Pickens of Freetown, and Washington 
Read of Providence, owners. Sold. 

This schooner, Benjamin F. Pickens, Master, escaped from Charleston 
harbor just before the firing upon Fort Sumter, in April, 1861. She 
was fired upon by the rebel batteries on shore as she passed out of the 
harbor. 

Schooner J. Truman. 117 tons. Samuel Pridham, Master. 

Samuel Pridham, George Dean, Franklin Briggs, Thomas Leeburn, 
Luther Pickens, George W. Pickens, Luther Cudworth and William 
Read, owners. Sold at New Bedford in 1862. 

190 



Just before the firing upon Fort Sumter Captain Pridliam was at Savan- 
nali Ga., loaded with rough rice for Charleston, S. C. He was quite 
undecided for a time whether to go to Charleston and deliver the nee 
or come North with it. He finally went to Charleston, unloaded, and 
then came hr)me. In passing out of Charleston harbor two shots were 
tired at him from the rebel batteries on shore. One cannon ball passed 
between the masts, the wind of it l<nocking the cook down. 
Sloop Rosetree. 'Hi tons. Augustus C. Barrows, Master and owner. 
Brrjken up at Assonet in isfjf!. 

Sloop A. K. Watkins. '26 tons. Benjamin F. Luther, blaster. 

Benjamin F. Luther and Welcome H. Richmond, owners. Sold at 
Newport in 1SS4. 

Sloop Zebra. 87 tons. Robert Porter, Master and owner. Sold. 

On the night of July fS, INTO, this vessel was anchored near the mouth 
of Joshua's Channel. A high wind coming up Captain Porter, Captain 
William Read and Robert Jenkins (colored), who were on JDoard. started 
to put out an extra anchor. They lashed it to the stern of a skiff boat. 
As soon as they pushed off from the vessel the boat was swamped and 
cariied to the bottom by the anchor. Captain Porter, as he drifted by 
the vessel, caught hold of the bobstay and hauled himself on board. 
In the darkness he could not see his companions, but he heard Captain 
Read say, as the current swept him past the vessel, "throw me a line." 
Captain Read and Robert Jenkins were drowmed. Their bodies were 
recovered. 

Schooner Addle Randall. 41) tons. Alfred B. Davis, blaster and owner. 
Broken up at Assonet in 1903. 
The last vessel to hail from Freetown. 




WELCOME HATHAWAY HOMESTEAD 
fill 



SHIPPING AM) COMMKRCE. 

Before the advent of railroads freighting was largely 
done by water. The vessels took their cargoes as far 
inland as possible, after which the merchandise was sent 
to its destination by teams, mostly ox teams. For this 
reason the head of navigation on a river easy of approach 
and ascent was quite likel}- to become an important and 
busy trading point. Such was Assonet Village seventy 
and more years ago when it was no unusual thing to see 
more than a score of vessels tied to the wharves or 
anchored in the bay ; and long strings of teams coming 
in from Fall River, Taunton, Middleboro, and other 
places with manufactured articles, wood and farm produce, 
for shipment to Providence, Newport, New York, or for- 
eign ports ; and going out with sugar, molasses, salt, 
flour, rum, and other domestic and foreign goods for 
inland traders or home consumption. The iron railing 
used in building the Arcade at Providence, R. I., is said 
to have been made at the East Freetown furnace, and 
sent to its destination via Assonet. At times the lower 
wharves and also Lawton's wharf would be well covered 
with hogsheads of molasses, and other merchandise await- 
ing sale and transportation inland. Occasionally the river 
would be dotted with pine apples, oranges, limes and 
other decaying tropical fruits that had been thrown over- 
board from vessels engaged in the West India trade. 
Heavily laden vessels would have a part of their cargo 
lightered at Joshua's channel after which they would pro- 
ceed to the wharves. Captain Edmund Hathaway, an 
owner in several of the Freetown vessels, was at one time 
largely engaged in the West India trade. He was assisted 
by his son, Guilford H. Hathaway, one of whose duties 
was to ride over to Dighton on horseback and pa}' the 
customs or duties on the imported goods. He has often 
told that he paid more duties at the Dighton Custom 
House in one 3'ear, than was paid bj' any other three 

towns in the Dighton Customs District. While many of 

192 



the smaller craft engaged in freighting wood, lumber and 
other commodities to Providence and Newport, or mer- 
chandise between New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore 
and near-by ports, there was quite a fleet of the larger 
vessels that engaged in winter in the southern carrying 
trade, that is, the carrying of rough rice, cotton, cotton 
seed and other goods between Darien, Brunswick, and 
Savannah, Ga., and Charleston, S. C. This fleet had been 
reduced to four schooners when the war of the rebellion 
broke out in 1S61, and put an end to it, probably forever. 

Darien, Ga., was the rendezvous for the Assonet peo- 
ple engaged in this freighting, as well as for several trad- 
ers who with their supplies took passage south on these 
vessels and opened places of business there ; returning on 
them in the spring. The season lasted from September 
to May. 

The trading at Darien was largely with the Georgia 
"Crackers," a class of poor whites that in the fall of the 
year drifted slowly down the long rivers from the interior 
of the state on home-made rafts of lumber which they 
managed with long poles and sweeps. This lumber and 
such farm produce as they could bring with them on their 
rafts, would be converted into money on their arrival at 
the seaboard. Thej^ would remain in the coast cities until 
spring, or until the low state of their finances compelled 
them to depart for home. The journey back often had to 
be made on foot. 

The plank used in making the floor of the large barn 
on Water street, now owned by Mrs. Ambrose Dean, was 
taken from one of these rafts, the numerous augur holes 
in it, showing where the planks were pinned together. 

Welcome H. Richmond and Charles H. Read are 
probably the only persons at present living in Assonet 
Village, and Nathaniel Braley, George Braley, Jason Pitts- 
ley and Warren Pittsley at East Freetown, who had any 
part in this southern business. 

193 



During the war of 1812, our ports being blockaded, 
Captain James Burr, who was at that time master of one 
of the vessels engaged in the southern trade, drove a six 
horse team, loaded with shoes, from Boston to Charles- 
ton, S. C. On his way he passed through Washington, 
D. C, leaving that city but a few days before the public 
buildings were burned by British soldiers. On his return 
he brought a load of cotton. By trading horses often he 
kept his team in good condition, and did not have one of 
his original horses on his arrival home. During the sum- 
mer months the vessels of this southern fleet were refitted 
at Assonet, giving employment to many of its citizens. 
Sometimes they would make one or two coaling trips to 
Philadelphia or Baltimore before returning south. If no 
cargo could be obtained to take south, they would go out 
in ballast. The winter's supply of corn, flour and other 
goods for the village and its immediate vicinity was stored 
every fall, before the closing up of the river by ice, in the 
building now standing on the lower wharf and known as 
the corn store. The firm of Peirce and Wilson was the 
last one to use this building for this purpose. There was 
also a corn store at the Fall River road bridge. Aboul 
sixty years ago the two lower floors of this building were 
utilized as a dwelling, and the upper floor as a dance hall. 
Then and for many years thereafter Mr. Nathaniel Porter 
of East Bridgewater was the favorite dancing master for 
the village, and the well remembered phrase "All ready. 
Air. Porter," originated in this hall, and was repeated at 
Deane's hall on Water street for many years by the floor 
directors of the annual dancing school. These annuals 
were always terminated with a grand ball and turkey sup- 
per, in which Mr. Porter was assisted by his nephew, Mr. 
Fuller, as second violin, and a Mr. Pratl as cornetist. No 
better, more respected or more beloved musicians ever 
played in the village than this trio. Porter, Fuller and 
Pratt. The turkey suppers were sometimes served at 
Benjamin Deane's, and sometimes at John Deane's. Ben- 

]!)4 



jamin owned the hall and enjoyed dancing; John was 
always a spectator except when called npon to dance "the 
broom stick," a dance that no other man could ever exe- 
cute without making a misstep or tripping over the crossed 
brooms. 

This upper corn store and a cottage next south of it 
were burned in ISSfi. The roof of the South church was 
ignited by the flying sparks. Fortunately this was discov- 
ered in time to save the building. Deane's Hall was built 
in 1847. It was sold and altered into a machine shop in 
istjy, and became the gun shop in 1873. All this com- 
mercial activit)^ has departed from along the river front, 
and not a single vessel is owned in the town at the pres- 
ent time. Several of the wharves are very much out of 
repair, and are no longer used as such. It is many years 
since a vessel has tied to the upper or Winslow's wharf, 
the longest wharf on the river. Its caplog has now disap- 
peared, and its wall is fast slipping out into the river. 
Lawton's wharf is in good repair, and a load of wood is 
occasionally taken from it by an out of town craft. Rod- 
man's wharf is in fair repair, but is not used as such, hav- 
ing been fenced in. Welcome's wharf is fast going to 
destruction. Time, tides and ice have destroyed the two 
easterly sections of the lower wharves, but the westerly 
section, or Nichols' wharf is in good repair, and wood and 
box boards are occasionally shipped from it. Cudworth's 
wharf, now used as a coal and lumber yard by Cudworth 
& Davis, is at present being rebuilt. Hathaway's wharf at 
the Narrows, where the whale ship Elizabeth was twice 
fitted out is now nothing more than a stone heap. Two 
or three parties are still engaged in the wood business 
at Assonet Village, most of their wood however is now sent 
to Fall River and Newport by rail. The East Freetown 
wood dealers ship by rail to New Bedford and other places, 
and also send considerable both to New Bedford and to 
Fall River by teams. Within a few years large quantities 
of white pine has been cut and converted into lumber at 

195 



portable saw mills, especially at East Freetown. William 
Richardson came from the South to Assonet when a young 
man, and settled at Slab Bridge. He commenced buying 
wood land and dealing in wood. Before his death he could 
cut and sell a cord of wood every day, and yet never own 
any less cords of wood, the growth on his many acres being 
at least one cord per day. William D. Jenkins, a wealthy 
planter, that lived near Brunswick, Ga., used to spend his 
summers at Assonet, sometimes coming and going with 
Capt. James W. Burr, on his vessel. 

THK MARIXKRS. 

Freetown having been largely interested in ship 
building and commerce, it followed as a natural conse- 
quence that many of its citizens, especially the younger 
men, would become mariners. It is worthy of note that 
most of those who chose a sea-faring life soon became 
masters of vessels, and many of them became noted, both 
at home and abroad, as highly successful navigators of 
vessels engaged in the coastwise, and also in the foreign 
trade. The Rev. Thomas Andros, of Berkley, who lived 
on a farm bordering on the Freetown line, taught naviga- 
tion at his home. Undoubtedly some of the Assonet 
youths availed themselves of the opportunity to study 
with him. Five of his sons became masters of vessels 
in the merchant service. Two of them, Thomas Jr. and 
Benedict, became residents of Assonet Village, marrying 
Sarah and Eunice, daughters of Peter Nichols, black- 
smith. Thomas was for a time engaged in the coastwise 
trade, and later sailed between New York and Mediter- 
ranean ports. Benedict for several years sailed between 
New Orleans and Liverpool. 

Capt. James Chace was an exceedingly fortunate and 
successful navigator. He sailed for Captain Edmund 
Hathaway. It was the pride of Captain Chace that "he 
sailed the seas for forty years, made thirty-three trips to 

196 



Bermuda, and never lost a man or a spar." He married 
Phebe A., daughter of Augustus Chace. 

As master of a whale ship, Captain Henry H. Wins- 
low inade two voyages from New York, and two from 
Providence, R. I. His last voyage was from Providence, 
in the ship Cassander. While in the South Atlantic he 
had taken from another ship two native Africans who had 
been decoyed on board. The crew, in jest, told these 
natives that the captain would sell them when he got into 
port. Believing this, they set fire to the ship and jumped 
overboard. One was rescued, the other plunged a sheath 
knife into his side as he went overboard and was not seen 
again. The crew were obliged to take to the boats, and 
after ten days of suffering and hardship, they landed on 
the east coast of South America, in latitude od degrees. 
When five days out in the open boats they fell in with a 
Spanish vessel, but the captain being afraid of them, re- 
fused to take them on board, to take th'em in tow, or to 
assist them in any manner. During a gale of wind. Cap- 
tain Winslow's boat was capsized and its occupants were 
obliged to get into the other boats. One of the crew died 
while m the boats, and the third mate was drowned in 
making the landing. Captain Winslow, with an interpre- 
ter, made his way forty miles on the beach, and ninety 
miles farther in a small vessel, to a port where he secured 
a vessel to go to the assistance of his crew. At this time 
he was but twenty-eight years of age. He went to Cali- 
fornia soon after the discovery of gold in that state. He 
returned to Assonet several years ago, and today is the 
only survivor of all the many Freetown captains that once 
s(i proudly and nobly trod the quarter deck of a sea- 
going vessel. He married ]Mary Ann, daughter of Henry 
Porter. 

Captain Job G. Lawton, cm one of his many voyages 
across the ocean, lost his rudder at sea. With commend- 
able ingenuity he made a temporar}^ one from old ropes, 
hung and managed it by chains passed over the stern, 

nt? 



and either side of the ship, and bv his cddI determination 
and never tiring perseveranee brought his ship safely into 
port. For this remarkable feat he received high public 
commendation, and a substantial recognition from the 
insurance companies interested in his vessel and her 
cargo. Several models of this rudder are now in exist- 
ence, one being on exhibition at the National Museum 
in Washington. Another was shown at the Loan Exhibi- 
tion, Old Home week. He married Polly, daughter of 
Captain Charles vStrange. 




CAPT. WASHINGTON READ. 

Captain Washington Read followed the sea fifty-two 
years, commencing as cabin boy for his father when nine 
years of age. At the age of thirteen he commanded a 
sloop which plied between Fall River, Providence and 
Newport, and in all sailed as master of sixteen different 
vessels. In the ship Caroline Read, named for his wife, 
(Caroline, daughter of Allen Chace), he circumnavigated 
the globe. Starting from New York in ]s.50, being then 

198 




RESIDENCE OF RALPH H FRANCIS. 
3uilt by Rev, David A Leonard, Grandfather of Hon John Hay, Secretary of State 




BUILT BY ELDER PHILIP HATHAWAY, 
Remodeled by Capt, Washington Read, 

199 



thirty-seven years of age, he doubled Cape Horn to San 
Francisco ; thence to Singapore, thence to Calcutta, thence 
around the Cape of Good Hope to London, and from there 
home to New York. The trip occupied seventeen months. 
When he arrived off San Francisco circumstances com- 
pelled him to pass through the Golden Gate, a strait 
five miles long and one mile wide, with bold and rocky 
shores, in the night time, against a strong head wind. 
While on the quarter deck, directing the movements of 
his ship, his stout heart gave way, and he shed tears. 
His usual good fortune did not forsake him, however, 
and the morning found him safely at anchor in San Fran- 
cisco bay. Captain Read crossed the Atlantic about 
seventy times, his wife accompanying him thirty-eight 
times. He never grounded or lost a vessel. He rescued 
many survivors from numerous wrecks, taking fifty-two 
from one wreck in mid-ocean, encountering great peril in 
so doing. For this he received high commendation from 
the Lord Mayor of London, the rescued being British 
subjects. 

Captains Edmund Hathaway, Job Terry, George C. 
Briggs, George W. Pickens, George W. Hall, Elnathan 
P. Hathaway, Allen Read, and many others whose names 
are unknown to the writer, in connection with this partic- 
ular service, sailed to foreign ports, the four last named in 
vessels not hailing from Freetown. Captain Elnathan P. 
Hatheway sailed one of the largest ships out of New York, 
and made the quickest trip to Rio Janeiro on record at the 
time. Amcjng those known to the writer who were mas- 
ters of vessels, engaged in the Southern carrying trade, 
were Franklin Briggs, Nathaniel Briggs, James Burr, 
James W. Burr, Luther Cudworth, George Dean, William 
Hall, Welcome Hathaway, Adino Paddock, Benjamin F. 
Pickens, Samuel Pridham, Joseph H. Read and William 
Read. During the War of lsl2 Captain Franklin Briggs 
was captured by the British and confined in Dartmoor 
prison, where he suffered many hardships. 



In the following list of masters of vessels there are 
many who are well deserving of especial mention, but 
unfortunately there is no record of their sea service to 
refer to and the writer knows of no living person that he 
can appeal to for information concerning them. In the 
list of vessels hailing from the town the names of manv 
of them appear as masters of several different vessels when 
their final papers were taken out at the Custom House. In 



B^^\'if 1/ 1 


t' 




^Kwi''' 


/-• i : !. )■■ 




m 




-,.'.1 


lam 


m 




P^^-- ^^Li^fflilK^^^^ 


Iw 




T^m^^^^ *^y --' ^^'^ 


m 






Ij 


■-■) 




-^ 



CAPT EDMUND HATHAWAY HOMESTEAD, 
Now Owned by His Grandson, E, G Lawlon, 



many instances they commanded other vessels mentioned 
in the list, but before tlie issuing (jf their last papers, and 
also, in some cases, they commanded vessels hailing from 
some other port. It should be borne in mind that unless 
in command of a Freetown vessel when her final papers 
were issued, a master's name does not appear in this 
chapter, unless supplied from memory. 



301 



MASTERS OF VESSELS. 

Augustus C. Barrows, Stephen B.' Barnaby, Jonathan 
Barnaby, Anson Bliffins, Valentine Blethen, Aaron Bor- 
den, Joseph Brightman, Josephus Briggs, Ephraim Briggs, 
Edmund Briggs, John Briggs, John Brown, Jonathan 
Bowen, Philip Chace, Augustus Chace, Allen Chace, Seth 
Chace, Henry M. Chace, Joseph Church, John Clark, Ben- 
jamin Davis Jr., Aaron Dean, Elisha Gregory, Edmund 
Harris, Philip Hathaway, Jason Hathaway, Baylies Hath- 
away, Abiel Hathaway, Edmund D. Hathaway, Benjamin 
H. Lawton, Ebenezer Payne, Allen Payne, Sylvanus S. 
Payne, Thomas Payne, George Pickens, John V. Pratt, 
Elisha L. Pratt, William Pratt, Benjamin Porter Jr., John 
Read, Jonathan Read Jr., William Read Jr., John Strange, 
Charles Strange, William Sekell, Philip Tew, Benjamin 
Tew, Hathaway Tew, John Terry, Zephaniah Terry, Ed- 
mund Valentine, James L. Valentine, Nathan Weaver and 
Sheffel Weaver. 

Captain Albert Briggs, now a resident of Buffalo, N. Y. , 
became interested and noted in lake navigation, and for- 
merly commanded the large iron steamer Merchant, 7'20 
tons, on the Buffalo, Milwaukee and Chicago line. 

The following named were largely interested in ship- 
ping as owners in vessels, but did not themselves follow 
the sea : Ambrose Barnaby, Isaac Burbank, Kempton Bur- 
bank, Thomas Burbank, Luther Briggs, Benjamin W. 
Brown, Darius Chace, Gilbert Chace, Isaiah Chace, Rich- 
ard Clark, John Cudworth, Ebenezer Crane Jr., Thomas 
Davis, Benjamin Dean, John Dean, Joseph Durfee, Joseph 
Durfee, Jr., Alden Hathaway, Noah Hathaway, Guilford 
Hathaway, Guilford H. Hathaway, Ambrose W. Hathaway, 
James W. Hathaway, Joseph Hathaway, Isaac Merrick, John 
Nichols, Peter Nichols, Job Peirce, EleryPeirce, Job Payne, 
Luther Pickens, Samuel Pickens, Josiah Paddock, Earl Samp- 
son, George Shove, Asa Shove, Stephen Shove, Samuel 

20-' 



Shove, Joseph Shove, Ephraim Tisdale, Silas Terry, Edson 

Valentine, William Valentine and John D. Wilson. 

Among the traders that went to Darien, Ga. , winters, 

as referred to in this chapter, may be mentioned Benjamin 

F. Briggs, Benjamin Dean, John Dean, Thomas Leebnrn, 

and John D. Wilson. 

Erratum. — The last vessel built at the shipyard on Payne's Cove was 
the Sloop Alabama, Thomas Evans, boss carpenter, not the Florida, as 
stated on page 171. 



KEY TO MAP OF ASSONET 
RIVER AND VICINITY. 



1. 


Winslow's Point. 


3. 


Robinson's Shore. 


3. 


Bar Rocks. 


4. 


Winslow's Rocks. 


5. 


Silas Hathaway's Creek. 


6. 


Gull Rock. 


7. 


Merrick's Shore. 


8. 


The Conspiracy. 


9. 


Darius Phillips'. 


10. 


The Narrows. 


11. 


Simon's Rock. 


12. 


Babbitt's. 


13. 


Hathaway's Wharf. 


14. 


Davis' Landing. 


1."). 


Tew's Landing. 


16. 


Perch Rocks. 


17. 


Shepard's Cove. 


18. 


Pine Island. 


19. 


Westcott's Island (South) 


20. 


Cedar Tree. 


21. 


The Turn. 


oo 


The Cleft. 


oy, 


Fowle's Meadow. 


24. 


Fowle's Meadow Point. 


2.-|. 


Boyce's Creek. 


2(i. 


Stacy's Creek. 


27. 


Tripp's Creek. 


38. 


Clam Point. 


39. 


Nab's Creek. 


m. 


Town Farm Brook. 


31. 


Porter's Shore. 


32. 


Smith's Point. 


33. 


John Terry's Landing. 


34. 


Ovster Point. 




_ fALL River Lnc^ 

Drawn by Gilbkkt M. Niriiui^. 



204 




35. 


Evans' Wharf. 


36. 


Ship Yard Site. 


37. 


Bleachery Pond. 


38. 


Hopping Paul Brook. 


39. 


Amos' Pond. 


40. 


Terry's Brook. 


41. 


Bleachery Reservoir. 


43. 


Spur Track to Davis Place 




Ledge. 


43. 


King's Point. 


44. 


Smooth Shore. 


45. 


Bass Rock. 


46. 


Bass Rock Point. 


47. 


Cudworth's Wharf. 


48. 


The Lower Wharves. 


49. 


Welcome's Rock. 


50. 


Welcome's Point. 


51. 


The Gulleys. 


52. 


Channel Rock. 


53. 


Pierce's Point. 


54. 


Welcome's Wharf and 




Shore. 


55. 


Rodman's Wharf. 


56. 


The Ship Yard, or Build- 




ing Lot. 


57. 


Lawton's Wharf. 


58. 


South Water Street. 


59 


Billy's Marsh. 


60. 


Winslow's Wharf. 


61. 


Assonet Four Corners. 


63. 


Old Tide Mill Site. 


63. 


Old Tan Yard Site. 


64 


Tisdale's Dam and Pond. 


65. 


Porter's Dam and Pond. 


66. 


Winslow's Dam and Pond. 


67. 


Forge Dam and Pond. 


68. 


Forge Road. 


69. 


Joshua's Mountain. 



205 



The Assonet River. 



BY JOHN M. DEANE. 



THE Assonet River is about twelve miles long. It has 
its source in Cranberry Swamp, a large swamp lying 
south east of Assonet Village, on the farther side of the 
high ridge that skirts the village on the east known as 
Break Neck Hill ; and between the two roads leading from 
Assonet to New Bedford. From the swamp the stream 
takes a northerly course, crossing the northerly New Bed- 
ford road at vSlab Bridge ; so named because the bridge 
that crosses the stream at this point was once made of 
slabs. Here are the ruins of an old dam, and a mill of 
•some kind was undoubtedly once located at this point. 
It next crosses the Howland road, and here we find the 
ruins of the Howland saw mill. At the Water Rock road 
we find the Dunham saw mill, the roadway itself being 
the dam. 

At its crossing of the new County road is located the 
Charles Davis Saw mill. About half a mile beyond this 
mill the stream, having reached the level lands of Myricks, 
turns to the west, crosses the Beech-woods road, and also 
the Fall River rail road, at a point about one mile south 
ol the ^lyricks station. After passing the railroad it turns 
south, ^nd at ^Nlaple Tree bridge on the Myricks road is 
located the Haskins saw mill. On the edge of the stream 
south of the railroad bridge, and near the Myricks road 
there once stood a maple tree that was the corner bounds 
of Bristol and Plymouth counties, and the towns of Middle- 
borough, Freetown, Dighton and Taunton. In 17:^)5 Berk- 

20(; 



ley was incorporated and took the place of Dighton at the 
maple tree. Later a stone monument was erected, and in 
I'^Tio Lakeville was incorporated and took the place of 
Middleborough at the stone monument. Often have we 
lain across the top of this monument and informed our 
schoolmates of the Myricksville Academy that we were 
living in one state, two counties, and four towns, all at 
the same time. This is no longer possible. The state 
and two counties are still there, but that part of Taunton 
was annexed to Berkley in IslK. Just below the Maple 
Tree bridge the stream enters the Forge pond. Its course 
after leaving the pond at the Forge dam is shown on the 
map. At high tide salt water flows up to Tisdale's dam. 
At full tides the rise and fall is about seven feet. The 
source of the river is nearly in a direct line east of its 
mouth, and but two or three miles from it. The junction 
of its main channel with that of Taunton river is opposite 
storehouse point, Somerset, a short distance above the rail 
road bridge. Island Bed, just below the junction of the 
channels, and across which the rail road is built, is partly 
in Freetown and partly in Fall River. 

The favorite fishing grounds of our old time residents 
were at the mouth of Payne's Cove, up Joshua's and 
Shove's Channels, off Cedar Tree, at the Perch Rocks, 
in The Narrows, and off Winslow's Rocks ; while they 
found good clamming at John Terry's Landing, at The 
Cleft, in The Narrows, at ]\Ierrick's and Robinson's shores, 
and at The Conspiracy. They could rake oysters all along 
the Main Channel below Payne's Cove, or pick them up 
on the mud flats at low water. Large quantities of striped 
bass used to be taken from the channel in the bay, in the 
winter time, by inserting a large round net, attached to a 
long pole, through a hole cut in the ice, and sweeping it 
round and round. The fish, somewhat chilled by the cold 
water and drifting with the current, became an easy prey. 
Up Joshua's or Shove's Channels, at certain stages of the 
tide, with a pole and double hooked line it was not an 



unusual thing for one to catch white perch two at a time, 
getting from one to two hundred on board before the fish 
struck out into the main channel. This was before' the 
waters of our beautiful river were contaminated by the 
refuse of the Copper Works on Taunton river, and the 
Bleacheries and saw mills on its own banks. This refuse 
not only keeps most of the fish out of the river, but has 
materially injured the oyster beds, killed off the tall sea- 
weed that formerly grew on the mud flats, and destroyed 
all the thatch that formerly grew above Bass Rock Point. 
Thatch was provided by nature to protect the soft muddy 
sod of the marshes from the action of the waves. The 
three marshes above Bass Rock Point having been deprived 
of this protection are being slowly but surely cut into and 
washed away. Great windrows of seaweed used to be 
thrown up on the shores of the bay in the fall of the 
year, by the action of the wind and tide, a large portion 
of it coming from the High Flat bounded by Joshua's, 
Shove's and the main channel. This was carted off and 
used as a fertilizer. vS(jme of our citizens made a business 
of gathering seaweed from the mud flats in boats, first 
twisting it around a hmg pole, then taking it on board 
and cutting it off the pole. From a deep hole below the 
mouth of the river boatloads of decayed seaweed constantly 
being swept into it by the current, were taken out with 
oyster rakes and sold for fertilizing purposes. An ordinary 
boatload of seaweed sold for one dollar and twenty -five 
cents. 

The favorite bathing places on the river are Lawton's 
wharf, Welcome's shore, Cudworth's wharf, the Gulleys, 
Smooth shore, Porter's shore, the Cleft, in the Narrows, 
and at Merrick's shore. 

At The Narrows, Babbitt's was formerly a popular 
summer resort, being largely patronized by people from 
Taunton and vicinity. Clambakes, a dance pavilion, a 
bowling alley, and sail and row boats Avere provided for 
visitors. Clambakes were also provided for parties at 

208 



Darius Phillips' and at Thomas Jefferson Tew's. There 
was good fishing and bathing at either place. 

In the great gale of September 23, ]sl5, the large 
rock on the east shore at the Narrows, known as Simon's 
Rock, is said to have turned over. At high tide that day 
the water was seven feet deep in Water street at the ship 
yard. In the gale of September 8, 1861), the water was 
three feet deep at the same place. It was in this latter 
gale that the steeple of the South Church was blown off. 

Any vessel that can pass through Mount Hope Bay 
can without difficulty reach the mouth of Joshua's Channel. 
Vessels drawing eight feet of water can reach the lower 
wharves at full tide, and those drawing seven feet the 
upper wharves. Captain Washington Read once sailed 
his full rigged ship up to the lower wharves, where he 
turned around, and sailed out again. 

Amos' Pond is said to have taken its name from a 
man named Amos, who rode into it to water his horse, 
and disappeared, horse and all, in a quagmire. 

At John Terry's Landing the main channel runs close 
to the shore-, which at that point is so bold that vessels are 
easily laid alongside the bank and loaded with wood. 
John Terry, for whom the landing was named, lived alone 
on Bryant's Neck, which at every high tide becomes an 
island. He lived in a log hut having neither windows or 
door, but loopholes through which he could shoot if 
attacked by Indians. Entrance or exit could be had only 
through its large stone chimney. He was buried on Bry- 
ant's Neck, but the location of his grave is not known. 
His cabin was located at the Junction of the two cart- 
paths, just across the low marsh that separates the neck 
from the main land ; and near the head of Shepard's Cove. 

Channel Rock was lifted from the channel near The 
Gulleys in l.s44 by the incoming tide; it had been 
chained at low water to a strong stick of timber laid across 
the two large derrick scows that had been used in the 

209 



rebuilding of Rodman's Wharf, and was floated to its 
present location on the shore. 

Welcome's Shore was used as a " dry dock" by vessel 
owners. A vessel having been put on at high tide would 
be heeled off shore. As soon as the tide receded work 
would commence on the upper side of the vessel's bottom. 
When finished the vessel would be turned around at high 
water and the other side of the bottom exposed and re- 
paired in like manner. To hurry the drying of paint, 
and prevent its being washed off by the incoming tide, 
straw was burned under the vessels bottom. The writer 
well remembers how the music of the caulking hammers 
of John and Hampton Pierce rang through the village as 
they drove home the oakum on vessels undergoing repairs. 

Rodman's Wharf was formerly known as Chase's Land- 
ing. Water street was then a driftway, and a gate or bars 
was maintained at the four corners. Here the river used 
to be forded, and stepping stones to Pierce's Point were 
used at low water. John Deane was the last man to ford 
the river at this point with a team. His horse got stuck 
in the mud, and this deterred others from making further 
attempts to ford the river at this place. 

It is an old saying that "it always rains when Billy's 
Marsh is mowed." It is a fact that the hay does almost 
always get wet before it is made and housed. 

The heavy stone wall along the south bank of the 
river, east of Lawton's Wharf, was built by Joseph D. 
Hathaway and Leander Andros of Berkley, in 18iY, for 
Captain Job G. Lawton. A part of the filling was taken 
from the sand bank near what is now the town cemetery, 
and a part from the sand bank on South Water street. 

The two-arched stone bridge that spanned the river 
on the Fall River road was carried away by the freshet of 
February 13, ISsd, the immediate cause being a large log 
that came down over Tisdale's dam. This struck the 
south abutment Avith great force, and remaining in an 

310 



eddy, continued to pound the abutment, at last loosening 
the stones, and allowing the swift current to reach the 
gravel behind them. The bridge was rebuilt with a single 
arch the following summer. In the meantime a roadway 
through the Allen Chace land to Elm street was utilized. 
The railroad bridge and embankment at Hopping Paul 
Brook was carried away at the same time. A train of 
empty coal cars soon came along and plunged into the 
brook, killing the fireman, Edgar Francis Russell, of Som- 
erset, Mass. 

A tide mill was once maintained just east of the Fall 
River road bridge. The ruins of the dam are still visible. 
The grist mill that was built here by Joseph Winslow was 
raised June 2.5, 1784. When the mill was taken down 
much of the heavy timber of its frame was used in build- 
ing the stable that now stands near the bridge. 

The old shoe makers' shop, bark mill, curry shop and 
tan-vats that were located on the river bank near the Elm 
street bridge, and known as the tan yard, have given way 
to a modern dwelling and grass plot. 

The winter of l779-'80 was the coldest of the eigh- 
teenth century. The ice on the rivers and bays was so 
thick that loaded teams passed over it from Assonet to 
Newport. 



211 



Record and Tradition. 



BY JOHN M. DEANE. 



DEED OF THE FREEMEN S PURCHASE. 

ON THE third day of July 1C5(;, the General Court of 
Plymouth, granted unto sundry of the ancient freemen 
of that jurisdiction, viz : Capt. James Cudworth and others, 
the lands conveyed by the following deed dated April 2, 
Ki.V.t ; 

Know all men by these presents, that we, Ossamequin, 
Wamsitta, Tattapanum, Natives, inhabiting and Hving within the 
government of New Plymouth, in New England in America, 
have bargained, sold, enfeoffed and confirmed unto Captain 
James Cudworth, Josiah Winslow Sr., Constant Southworth, 
John Barns, John Tesdale, Humphrey Turner, Walter Hatch, 
Samuel House, Samuel Jackson, John Daman, Mr. Timothy 
Hatherly, Timothy Foster, Thomas Southworth, George Wat- 
son, Nathaniel Morton, Richard Moore, Edmund Chandler, 
Samuel Nash, Henry Howland, Mr. Ralph Partridge, Love 
Brewster, William Paybody, Christopher Wadsworth, Kenelme 
Winslow, Thomas Bourne and John Waterman, the son of Robert 
Waterman and do by these presents bargain, sell, enfeoff and 
confirm from us our heirs, unto James Cudworth, Josiah Winslow 
Senior, Constant Southworth, John Tesdale &c., and they and 
their heirs, all the tract of upland and meadow lying on the east- 
erly side of Taunton river, beginning or bounded toward the 
south with the river called the Falls or Quequechand, and so 

212 



extending itself northerly until it comes to a little brook, called 
by the English by the name of Stacey's Creek; which brook 
issues out of the woods, into the marsh or bay of Assonate close 
by the narrowing of Assonate Neck, and from a marked tree, 
near the said brook at the head of the marsh, to extend itself into 
the woods on a north easterly point four miles, and from the 
head of said four miles on a straight line southerly until it meet 
with the head of the four mile line at Quequechand, or the Falls 
aforesaid, including all meadow, necks or islands lying and being 
between Assonate Neck and the Falls aforesaid, (except the land 
that Tabatacason hath in present use) and the meadow upon 
Assonate Neck, on the south side of the said neck, and all the 
meadow on the westerly side of Taunton River from Taunton 
bounds round until it come to the head of Weypoyset river, in 
all creeks, coves, rivers, and inland meadow not lying above four 
miles from the flowing of the tide in, and for the consideration 
of twenty coats, two rugs, two iron pots, two kettles and one 
little kettle, eight pair of shoes, six pair of stockings, one dozen 
hoes, one dozen of hatchets, two yards of broadcloth and a debt 
satisfied to John Barnes which was due from Wamsitta, unto 
John Barnes before the 24th of December 1657, all being unto 
us in hand paid, wherewith we, the said Ossamequin, Wamsitta 
Tattapanum, are fully satisfied, contented and paid, and do by 
these presents exonerate, acquit, and discharge, ( Here all the 
grantees are again named) they and either of them and each of 
the heirs and executors of them forever. Warranting the here- 
of from all persons from, by or under us, as laying any claim 
unto the premises from, by or under us, claiming any right or 
title thereunto, or unto any part or parcel thereof, the said 
( grantees ) to have and to hold to them and their heirs forever, 
all the above upland and meadow as is before expressed, with 
all the appurtenances thereunto belonging from us, Ossamequin, 
Wamsitta and Tattapanum, and every of us, our heirs, and every 
of them forever, unto them, they, their heirs, executors, ad- 
ministrators and assigns forever, according to the tenure of East 
Greenwich, in free soccage and not in Cnpite nor by knights' 
service. Also the said Ossamequin, Wamsitta and Tattapanum 
do covenant and grant that it may be lawful for the said 
(grantees) to enter the said deed in the court of Plymouth, or 
in any other court of record provided for in such case, in and for 

213 



the true performance whereof Ossamequin, Wamsitta and Tatta- 
panum have hereunto set our hands and seals this 2nd day of 
April 1659. 



- SEAL 



Wamsitta his x mark, j seal I 

Tattapanum her x mark. < seal J- 

Signed sealed and delivered in presence of 

Thomas Cooke. 
Jonathan Brigd. 
John Sassamon. 

Ossamequin ( Massasoit ) never signed tlie deed. He died about 
16()3. 

It was acknowledged June 9, 1659, by Wamsitta (Wamsutta or Alexan- 
der) and the squaw Tattapanum (Nanumpum or Weetamoe) before Josiah 
Winslow and William Bi-adford, assistants. 

Wamsutta died in 1663, and Weetamoe -his wife was drowned in 
Taunton river in August, 1676. 

Captain James Cudworth, Constant Southworth Josiah Winslow Sr. 
and John Tesdall were chosen a committee to view and divide the land into 
twenty-six parts, according to their judgement of quantity and quality, and 
to dispose of the same by lot, each owner binding himself to rest contented 
with the portion falling to .him. It was also agreed that the owner of the 
lot in which should fall the land Tabadascon has in present use for the 
Indians that keep the Ferry, and which has been reserved by the grantors, 
should allow it until further agreement-was made with the Indians ; and as 
an Indian called Pianto had asked to have three or four acres on some plain 
to plant during his lifetime, the owner shall agree and the land shall return 
to him after Piantos decease. Each lot was to run from the river to the ex- 
treme eastern bounds, and any one cut off from any portion of his lot by 
neck water or marsh was to be allowed free passage over the land of 
another. 

In July 1683 the Court ordered that the inhabitants of the Freeman's 
land at the Fall River shall be a township having a constable and Grand 
Jury Man and henceforth be called Freetown. 

A part of Tiverton, East Freetown, was annexed in 1747. 

Fall River was set off February 26, 1808. 

A part was annexed to Fairhaven June 15, 1815. 

214 



COLONEL THOMAS GILBERT'S LETTER TO GENERAL RUGGLES. 

Freetown, April ye 5, 1775, 
Honorable Sir: 

I received your favor of the 31st of March. 
Nothing could animate the spirits of the friends to government 
to a greater height, than to have the approbation of the General. 
My son took a long boat and went to the man of war, and 
brought back a letter from Captain Wallis to the Admiral, which 
I send to your care by a poor man, which is the safest way that 
can be thought on at this critical time. I hear from Captain 
Wallis that he fears to venture up the river with his ship fearing 
there is not sufficient depth of water. A vessel of less force 
might answer the purpose. Except there be support by land or 
water there is reason to fear the friends of government will give 
out, for they are daily threatened with all kinds of punishments 
even with death itself. Last Monday the rebels mustered from 
Middleborough and Berkley and Swansea and Dighton and 
made up a hundred and forty in arms; marched by my house 
where was twenty five with the Kings' arms well loaded. I went 
out before my door told them they were a poor set of deluded 
rebels so they marched off without tearing down my house or 
killing me as the day before they swore they would do. I had 
the pleasure to see the Generals' letter to the Justices. I expect 
but little assistance from those out of town but if the General 
sends troops here they shall have houses of my own sufficient for 
them. We are in high expectation of seeing the day of their 
arrival, when we may hope to sleep without fear. There has 
been no act of violence since my last, except the three men were 
at Boston last week on their return were pursued at or near 
Raynham bridge, by a number of men, some on horseback but 
they took the bush and made their escape. My son and others 
say I have a thousand curses every day, but don't say the Lord 
hath part, but thank God I neither 'love nor fear them. Pray 
give my compliments to all true friends. I am your obliged 

obedient and humble servant. 

Thomas Gilbert. 

THE FIRST ACTUAL WAR MOVEMENT OF THE -REVOLUTION. 

On the 9th of April, 1775, ten days before the battle 
of Le.xington, an expedition of minute men from the 

315 



other towns in the county, principally from Attleboro, 
was formed to march to Assonet Village, to seize arms 
and munitions collected there by Col. Thomas Gilbert, 
and capture him and three hundred other Royalists said 
to be harboring there. Col. John Daggett of Attleboro 
commanded the expedition, which numbered upwards of 
two thousand men. Capt. Charles Strange, who then 
lived on the present town farm, saw the troops as they 
passed his house in the night. Col. Gilbert on learn- 
ing of the approach of the expedition took what he could 
of the munitions and with some of his followers went on 
board one of the English men-of-war at Newport. 

Col. Daggett, after seizing the arms and ammunition 
left behind by the fleeing Tories, sent out scouting parties 
and without bloodshed, twenty-nine men who had signed 
enlistments in the colonel's company to join the King's 
troops were taken prisoners. "At Taunton in the after- 
noon the prisoners were separately examined, eighteen of 
whom made such humble acknowledgements' of their past 
bad conduct, and solemn promises to behave' better for the 
future, they were dismissed ; but the other eleven, being 
obstinate and insulting, a party were ordered to carry 
them to Simsbury Mines, but they were sufficiently hum- 
bled before they had got fourteen miles on their way 
thither, upon which they were brought back the next day, 
and after signing proper articles to behave better for the 
future, were escorted to Freetown." 

The foregoing quotation is from a Boston letter that was published in 
the Essex Gazette of Salem, April 18, 1775. 

THE BATTLE OF FREETOWN. 

The Battle of Freetown was fought near the southern 
boundry of the town on Sunday, May 25, 177s. About 
one hundred and fifty English soldiers, under the com- 
mand of Maj. Ayers, came up Mount Hope Bay in boats 
in the night and landed near where the Quequechan river 
empties into it. The English soldiers occupying the south 

216 



part of Rhode Island, and the English sailors from the 
ships hovering off our coast were constantly committing 
depredations and harassing the people living on the main 
land, destroying their property and often making prisoners 
of them. Col. Joseph Durfee, a brave and patriot citizen, 
who had already served as an officer in the American Army, 
and who had taken an active part in the battle of White 
Plains, had returned home. Finding his fellow citizens in 
dire distress and exposed to the depredations of the enemy, 
he obtained from Gen. Sullivan at Providence permission 
to raise a guard for their protection. He established a 
guard house on the shore near what is now the foot of 
Central St., Fall River. Before daylight on the date above 
mentioned, Samuel Reed, the sentinel, discovered a boat 
stealthily approaching the shore. His challenge not being 
answered, he fired his musket. The guard thus alarmed 
formed behind a stone wall and gave battle. The enemy, 
having a cannon opened with grape shot. Col. Durfee 
with his men retired slowly up the hill until they reached 
a bridge that crossed the stream near where the city hall 
■of Fall River now stands. Here he made a determined 
.stand, and so valiantly was he supported by the loyal 
volunteers of old Freetown and Tiverton, who had rallied 
around him, that the enemy soon sounded the retreat. 
They took away their wounded but left one dead and one 
dying soldier on the field. When the enemy landed they 
burned a new house, a saw-mill and a grist-mill that be- 
longed to Thomas Borden. On their retreat they set fire 
to the house and other buildings of Richard Borden, an 
aged man, and took him away prisoner. Col. Durfee fol- 
lowed closely with his men, who kept up an annoying 
musketry fire upon the retreating troops. He also saved 
the latter burning buildings from destruction. One Eng- 
lish soldier was killed after they had taken to their boats. 
Hoping to stop the firing by our men they ordered Mr. 
Borden to stand up in the boat, where he could be recog- 
nized. This he refused to do, and threw himself flat on 

217 



the bottom of the boat. When questioned he positively 
refused to give any information to the enemy. After a 
few days they released him on parole. The two English 
soldiers that were killed were buried at mid-day near 
where they fell. Our brave band of patriots suffered no 
loss. Twenty-five years later that part of Freetown where 
the battle was fought was incorporated as the town of Fall 
River. Col. Joseph Durfee at one time owned and lived 
in the house on Water street, Assonet Village, now occu- 
pied by ]\Irs. Daniel Johnson. He was the grandfather 
of our late honored fellow citizen, John Durfee Wilson. 

BRISTOL COUNTY. 

Bristol County, established in 1685 when Plymouth 
Colony was divided into three counties, now contains about 
six hundred square miles of territory. Originally it also 
embraced the towns of Tiverton, Little Compton, Bristol, 
Warren, Barrington and Cumberland, R. I. Bristol was 
made the county town much to the displeasure of Taunton. 
It was in 174(') that the above mentioned towns were made 
a part of the state of Rhode Island. The county kept its 
original name and Taunton was made the county or shire 
town. In ls2s, after much controversy over the matter. 
New Bedford was made a half-shire town. At one stage 
of this controversy there was a fair prospect that Freetown 
might be made the shire town as a compromise. In 1877 
the justices of the superior court were authorized by statute 
to adjourn any of the terms of that court to Fall River, 
where a court house and jail have since been built, and a 
Registry of Deeds established. There are now three cities 
and seventeen towns in the county, only five of which, 
Taunton, Rehoboth, Dartmouth, Swansea and Freetown 
were in existence when the county was formed. Norton, 
Mansfield, Dighton, Berkley, Raynham and Easton were 
formerly a part of Taunton ; Attleboro, North Attleboro 
and Seekonk a part of Rehoboth ; New Bedford, Acushnet, 
Fairhaven and Westport a part of Dartmouth. Somerset 

218 



was set off from Swansea, and Fall River from Freetown. 
The population of the county by the census of I'.tno was 
252,029, a gain of 33,<»(»U since the census of 1895. 

The first settlement in the county was within the limits 
of Taunton. Bog iron ore is found in several localities 
notably in Freetown, where it was once extensively dug 
and worked. . 

The territory embraced in the county was formerly 
largely occupied by the Wampanoag, Pocasset and Nemas- 
ket Indians, who were ruled over by Massasoit who died in 
H'.Hl, leaving two sons, Alexander or Wamsutta who died 
in 1662, and Philip or Metacomet who died in 167(i. 

POPULATION OF FREETOWN. 

The population of Freetown in the year lT*i5 was 
1192; in 1776, 19(ll ; in 179(», 2202; in Isoi), 2535 ; in 1S1<», 
1.S78 ; — Fall River was set off from Freetown in 1803 — in 
1820, 1863 ; — A part of Freetown was annexed to Fairhaven 
in 1815— in l,s30, 1909; in Ls4(), 1772: in 1850, 1615; in 
1860, 1521; in 187(», 1372; in 1880, 1329; in 1890, 1117; 
and in 1900, 1394. 

It will be noted that there was a steady increase in 
population in the territory now called Freetown up to and 
including the census of 1830. Undoubtedly the decline in 
population in the town commenced with the advent of 
railroads in the county, or about the year 1835, as they at 
once diverted the freight traffic from the smaller rivers, 
and the towns located on them, to such places as had con- 
veniences for reshipping by rail. 

VALUATION OF l-REETO\VN, 1S31. 

Polls 363, dwellings 220, barns I5S, shops 3o, tan 
houses 1, warehouses 2, saw mills 9, gristmills s, carding 
mills 1, fulling mills 1, other mills 1, iron works and fur- 
naces 5, other buildings 19, tonnage s.M, superficial feet 
of wharf land 26,720, acres of tillage land 601, mowing 
land 971, fresh meadow 2,07, salt marsh 90, pasturage 23o3, 

219 



woodland unenclosed ITOO, unimproved land S.'iio, unim- 
provable land T.'ii, land in roads 270, land under water si 
acres. 

Horses H-i, mules 5, oxen 214, cows 315, steers and 
heifers oo.'S, sheep 9S5, swine 24:2. 

Bushels of corn raised .^oiT, rye 88"), oats '218, barley 50, 
tons English hay cut 5S'.i, fresh hay ]o5, salt hay s7}4- 

Stock in trade SlJ:,Tn5. :\loney at interest $20,199. 
Money on hand and on draft §2842. 

Bank stock §21,300. Total valuation $302,675. 

VALU.\TION OF FREETOWN, 1801. 

Polls 372, dwellings 2s7, barns 213, shops it, tan 
houses 1, warehouses Ki, saw mills 3, gristmills 4, other 
mills 4, cotton factories 1, spindles 150, woolen factories 1, 
cards 2, bleacheries 1, tool factories 2, small arms fac- 
tories 1, nail and tool machines 2", other works and 
buildings 142, tonnage 464. Acres of tillage land 560, 
orchards 2t)5, mowing land 1<»'.>2, woodland 12,276, land 
under water 124. Tons of hay cut 848, cords of wood 
cut 1014. 

Number of horses 147, oxen 20, cows 314, steers and 
heifers 170, sheep 355, swine 202. 

Stock in trade §11, 350. Money at interest $69,384. 
Money on hand and on draft $21,214. 

Bank, railroad and insurance stocks $85,141. 

Value of real estate $473,049. Value of personal 
estate $351,102. Total valuation $S24,151. 

Amount raised, including highway tax, $6o66.19. 
Rate of tax $0.50 on $lo0o. 

Tax on polls, highway 58 cents and in money $1.50. 

Total number of acres of land taxed 20,482. Acres of 
land in the town, by special survey, 24,975. 

VALUATION OF FREETOWN, 1902. 

Polls 305, dwellings 3-S5, grist mills 1, bleacheries 1, 

small arms manufactories 1, other buildings , tonnage 

none. Acres of land taxed 21,571. Horses 275, cows 228, 

220 



oxen 2(», steers and heifers (in, sheep "2'>, swine (Wl, fowl 
2-2.',r,. Real estate ^O'.Cojud, personal estate SllJ-,.">;:!."), total 
valuation SSi>s/205, amount raised Sln,l)Tn, rate of tax 
$1'j!.7(» on §ln()(), poll tax §ii. Miles of highway m tlietown 
<>T, dogs licensed liT), births 33, marriages s, deaths l'.». 

FROM THE TOWN RECdRDS. 

Job Winslow's yeare marks for his cretures is a hole 
in the right yeare and a slot in the left yeare. 

At a legal town meeting at the public meeting house 
July the 7, 1777, the town of Freetown voted to set up a 
salt works at or near Boomer's Cedars. Stephen Borden, 
Jonathan Read and Benjamin Davis being appointed a 
committee to carry on the said works. 

July 2-2, 17s(i. Salt works sold at auction for one year 

to Joseph Winslow for 10 Bu. salt to be paid in the fall. 

Note. — Boomer's Cedars were near the present location of the 
Mechanics Mills, Fall River. 

EAST FREETOWN. 

East or New Freetown, formerly a part of Tiverton, 
was annexed to West or old Freetown in 1747. The 
easterly line of the freemen's purchase was the line that 
divided old Freetown on the east from that part of Tiver- 
ton. For a time two tax books were kept by the assessors. 
One for "New Freetown not including the District of Slab 
Bridge," and one for " Old Freetown including the District 
of Slab Bridge." 

East Freetown on account of its balmy atmosphere, 
shady drives and beautiful ponds, which afford excellent 
boating, bathing and fishing, is fast becoming a popular 
summer resort. The visitors come from New Bedford, 
Taunton, Boston, Providence, New York and other places. 
The local settlements are Pleasantville, Beach Blitff, Round 
Hill, Cleveland Park and jNIorton Park. 

EARLY TRANSPORTATION. 

The state house at Boston and the Congregational 
Church at Assonet, are both on the same meridian, Boston 

221 




FAC-SIMIL 
THE HA 



LE OF AN ENTRY IN THE FREETOWN RECORDS 
ND-WRITING OF JOHN READ, JR , TOWN CLERK. 



being -!■(» miles due north of the villiage by post road, and 
45 miles by railroad. Before the advent of railroads a four 
horse passenger and mail coach passed through the village 
having connections at Fall River and Taunton for other 
important points. Baggage wagons also ran between New- 
port and Boston once or twice a week. Rufus B. Kinsley, 
the founder of Kinsley's express, was the proprietor of both 
lines, and drove one of the coaches. There was also a 
stage coach line from New Bedford to Boston that passed 
through East Freetown. The stage left New Bedford 
every Tuesday morning, arriving at Taunton in the even- 
ing. The passenger fare was three pence (six cents) per 
mile. 

LATER TR.WSPORTATIOX. 

The owners of the Fall River railroad, which was 
opened to Alyricks in June 1.S45, and extended to South 
Braintree in 184:6, desired to run along the east shore of the 
bay, and cross the river on a draw bridge near Bass Rock 
Point. The survey then ran up what is now Pleasant 
vStreet to Porters' pasture, thence out by the Tripp farm. 
This being objected to by the shipping interests, they pro- 
posed to strike the river near Lawtons' wharf run along its 
east bank, and cross Elm Street near Phillips' barn. A 
third survey crossed High Street near the pound, and Elm 
vStreet near the residence of George Clark. These locations 
also being strongly objected to, they declared they would 
get as far away from the village as possible. They did so, 
they went well up on the side of Break Neck Hill. The 
grade at the curve just south of the Assonet Station is said 
to be seventy feet higher 1han at the wharf station in Fall 
River, and to be the highest point above tide water 
between Fall River and Boston. 
* The opening of this railroad to ^lyricks gave Assonet 

Village a route to Boston and Providence via the New 
Bedford and Taunton railroad running through East Free- 
town, which was opened in is-Ki, the Taunton Branch rail- 



road running- from Taunton to Mansfield opened in ISofi, 
and ttie Boston and Providence railroad opened in 1836. 
The extension of the Fall River railroad to South Braintree 
gave the village a second route to Boston, via Middleboro 
and Brockton, and the building of the road from Somerset 
Junction to South Braintree a third route, via Taunton and 
Randolph. There is little choice in these routes as regards 
distance. The railroad stations in the town are East Free- 
town, and Braleys on the New Bedford road, and Assonet 
and Crystal Spring on the Fall River road. The morning 
train to, and the evening train from Boston will stop at 
Terry's on signal. An electric railway from New Bedford 
to Middleboro, passing through East Freetown was built in 
1899. A franchise has been granted for an electric road 
from Fall River to Taunton, via Assonet and Berkley. 

RAILROAD ACCIDENTS. 

Soon after the opening of the Fall River railroad a 
freight train ran off the north end of the turn out at the 
Assonet station, ditching the locomotive and several freight 
cars. No one was injured. 

On account of a washout at the time of the freshet in 
18S(; a train of empty coal cars plunged into Hopping Paiil 
Brook, killing the fireman. 

Before daylight October 26, 18H(», the two rear passen- 
ger cars of the steamboat train from Fall River to Boston, 
which was running very fast at the time, left the rails at 
the Forge crossing and were dragged over the sleepers 
some distance, when the rear car struck a wood pile and 
was thrown on its side. In this position it was dragged 
about thirty rods further. This car contained thirty-five 
passengers. None of the passengers were killed, but sev- 
eral were severely injured, including a seven years' old 
child and a Mrs. Drinkwater, who had her left arm 
wrenched off at the shoulder, and her right arm dislo- 
cated. The late Gov. John A. Andrew was a passenger 
on the train, he having been to Fall River to speak at a 

2:.'4 



political meeting the night before. The cause of the acci- 
dent was the breaking of a rail that spanned a small cul- 
vert at the Forge crossing. 

There was a smash-up of freight trains on the New 
Bedford railroad between East Freetown and Braleys 
stations, about the year 1SS<;. No one was injured. 

GOOD ROADS. 

At the annual town meeting in March, 190'2, an appro- 
priation was made and a committee chosen to purchase a 
stone crusher, with a view of improving the condition of 
the roads in the town. 

The State Highway Commission allotted five thousand 
dollars of the state's appropriation, for the building of a 
state road in East Freetown, from the New Bedford to 
the Lakeville lines, on the county road, a distance of three 
and one-third miles. The stone crusher after its purchase 
was located there, and during the season about one mile 
of the road was built. For the season of 1903, the State 
Highway Commission has allotted iStiOOo for the continua- 
tion of this work. 

At the annual town meeting in March, 19n;-i, $1000 of 
the town's appropriation of $i!500 for highways, was allotted 
for the building of a macadam road from the East Freetown 
road station towards the county road provided, however, 
that the citizens of East Freetown raise $oO() by subscrip- 
tion for the same purpose. 

THE OLD CORNER STORE. 

It was in 1810 that two young men from Middleboro, 
having travelled through south-eastern Massachusetts, 
with a view of finding a promising location for business, 
decided that Assonet Village seemed to have far better 
prospects than any other place in Bristol County ; so Earl 
Sampson and John Hinds opened a store on the south- 
west corner of JNlain and Water sireets. This firm was 
dissolved the next year by the death of Mr. Hinds. 



Capt. John Nichols was then taken into partnership bv 
^Ir. Sampson, and the firm of Sampson & Nichols became 
a noted one, and did a lucrative business for many years ; 
people coming to it from all the surrounding towns for 
their supplies. About Isi^n the old store building was 
removed and the present one erected. This firm was 
succeeded by Capt. Sylvanus S. Payne, who in turn was 
succeeded by his son-in-law, John W. Peabody. In 1869 
Mr. Peabody moved into a new building he had erected 
on the opposite side of Main street, and the old store was 
converted into a tack factory by the Star Tack Co. After 
a few years it was re-opened as a grocery store by E. E. & 
J. H. Winslow. This firm was succeeded by James H. 
Winslow, who at the present time has a meat market in 
connection with his grocery and grain departments. The 
office of Dr. Thomas G. Nichols and also the town library 
were once located in a room over the grocery store, entrance 
to the same being by an outside flight of stairs on the 
north end of the building. This room had previously been 
used as a law office. William Strobridge was a part owner 
of the building and he occupied the south end of it at one 
time as a store. Since his occupancy this end of the build- 
ing has been used for various purposes, at one time as a 
harness shop, at another time as a barber's shop. For 
several years it was used as a school room for the Water 
street district school. Town meetings were at one time 
held in it. The firm of N. R. Davis & Co. at one time 
used it in connection with the upper floor of the building 
as a gun manufactory. The basement at the south end of 
the building was for many years used as a tenement. 

PASTIMES. 

On Fast and Thanksgiving days "in ye olden time" 
many of the young people of the village repaired to the 
top of Joshua's ^Mountain. Here they could gaze on the 
blue hills of ^lilton, and chisel their names in granite. Old 
style base ball was also played on these holidays in Nichols' 
pasture. 



221) 



Cherry parties to Steep Ijrofjk, buth b\' land and water, 
were mueh in vogue fifty and more years ago. Tlie very 
sweet blaek elierry, of medium size tliat tliey sought did 
not thrive nortli of the Stephen Barnabv farm, or soutlr of 
Bowenville. Tliey eitl:er picked the clierries on a half lay, 
or paid a few cents per quart for what they picked. This 
species of cherr\' is now almost extinct. 

Berry parlies to the Narrows afforded botli pleasure and 
profit. Capt. Welcome Hathaway with the fine sail boats 




NATHANIEL PORTER (See Pa;,'e IIM.) 

Born at Plymouth, Mass., June 3, 1805 Died at East Bridgewater, Mass , April 26, 1880 

that he built himself, and later his son Don Carlos Hawes 
Hathaway were ever ready t(j accommodate these parties. 
Black huckleberries grew in large Cjuantities on both sides 
of the river at the Narrows. The pickers always returned 
with well filled baskets unless they had spent too much 
time along the shore, or at Babbitt's bowling alley. Some 
sold their surplus berries to James M. Phillips, wlio sent 
them to the Boston market, others dried them for winter use. 



THE MUSTER (;ROUND. 

What is now the town Cemetery was formerly known 
as the Muster Ground. Here seventy or more years ago 
all the military companies in this vicinity had to assemble 
annually for election of officers, drill and such other duties 
as might be required of them. Delinquents were often 
brought into camp under guard, and reqiiired to perform 
military duty. The popular ration was muster cake and 
cider. The muster cake was a kind of gingerbread baked 
in loaves about six by eight inches in dimensions and scored 
across the top three or four times both ways. Many relics 
of the Assonet Light Infantry that formerly mustered here 
are in existence today, notably the sword of Capt. Nathan 
T. Strange, the last commanding officer of the company. 
Tradition says that there were "hot times in the old town" 
muster days. 

THE P'IRE DEPART.MKNT. 

The Water Witch Engine Company, Elbridge M. 
Martin, Foreman, flourished in the middle of the last 
century, resplendent at times in red shirts, black panta- 
loons and shiny hats and belts. When out for practice 
the boys backed their "tub" into the stream at the Elm 
Street bridge and filled her from leather fire buckets of 
which two or three hung from the machine. After fasten- 
ing on the two covers they would drag her up to the Con- 
gregational Church yard, the self-acting bell in the mean 
time tinkling merrily, much to the delight of the village 
urchins. If she was half full on arrival at the church 
yard, they would "shake her up" in an attempt to put 
water over the church spire, the Foreman all the while 
shouting " ^leet the brakes!", "]\Ieet 'em good, boys!", 
and doing his best to inspire the men with his unbounded 
enthusiasm. They could throw water over the spire all 
right if the circumstances were favorable. 

On one occasion, the machine being loaded, Mr. Apollos 
Pierce came along driving an ox team. He stopped his 

228 



team, smoothed his braided leather whip lash down beside 
its oaken handle, assumed a position of calm expectancy, 
and in the vernacular of his kind drawled out, " Now I 
want to see that air thing work." The Foreman trum- 
peted the command " Play away !" The Hoseman clapped 
his hand over the nozzle, held back the sputtering, spatter- 
ing water just a second, and then turned the hose squarely 
upon Mr. Pierce and drenched him from head to foot. 

The machine itself was a veritable freak. The pump 
was worked by two horizontal brake bars, pivoted to the 
top of the box, and having a handled outrigger attached 
to each of the four ends. It took twelve persons to man 
the brakes, one on the ends of each bar, and two on each 
outrigger. In action she was a sort of push and pull affair. 
It is a matter of regret that the machine was sent to the 
Town Farm for storage, where it was allowed to decay. 
As a curiosity at World's Fairs it would easily have divided 
the honors with the original locomotive engine. 

But the Water Witch has something to her credit. 
She extinguished a fire that had made considerable head- 
way in the upper story of Ephraim Atwood's grocery store 
that stood about six feet northeast of the dwelling house 
now owned by Ralph H. Francis, and that was flanked on 
the other side by a barn. Undoubtedly she saved these 
three buildings from destruction. 

Atwood's store was for years the Democratic head- 
quarters for the town. Here crackers and cheese were 
dispensed town meeting days to the faithful who had jour- 
neyed from the far east. Town meetings were then held 
in a store room in the house that stands near the Flm 
Street Bridge. Later they were held in a room in the 
south end of the building now occupied by James H. Wins- 
low as a grocery store.. Still later the town meetings were 
held in the building on the south side of Water Street that 
had formerly been the store of Capt. Allen Payne. The 
move from this building was into the present Town Hall, 
built in iss.s, Chai'les C. Marble of Fall River architect and 

329 



builder. The building formerly occupied by Mr. Atwood 
was moved to the east side of Pleasant Street, converted 
into a dwelling house, and is now owned by George B. 
Cudworth. 

The AVater Witch engine and the never to be forgotten, 
if vou ever saw it once, town hearse, that was for many 
years in charge of Joshua Shove, as undertaker, and which 
for unique build was a fit companion for the engine, were 
stored in a small building that stood just south of the 
present location of the public library, and known as the 
hearse house. 

As a result of the fire of October 5, 1886, that destroyed 
the houses occupied by Joseph H. Clark and Henry M. 
Chace, and damaged the South Church; and the burning 
of the barn of John D. Wilson that was struck by lightning 
some rnbnths later, the following article was inserted in the 
warrant calling a special town meeting August -20, l.ssT : 
Article VII. — " To hear a report of the selectmen in regard 
to the cost of Fire Extinguishing Apparatus and to take 
such action in regard to the purchase of the same as the 
town may deem advisable." 

The action taken on the above article was to accept 
the report of the selectmen in regard to the fire apparatus, 
to appropriate the sum of eight hundred dollars for said 
apparatus, and to appoint a committee of three to procure 
the fire apparatus and to have charge of the same. The 
committee appointed Benjamin F. Aiken, George B. Cud- 
worth and James A. Manchester, purchased the engine 
Xarragansett of the town of Warren, R. I. The engine 
was built by L. Button & Co., Waterford, N. Y., and at 
the present time is in good condition. A hook and ladder 
truck was purchased of the town of Franklin, Mass. A 
hose reel and eight hundred feet of hose were also pur- 
chased. Ample provision was made for storing the ap- 
paratus in the town hall when it was built. The present 
fire department (19U8) consists of a board of engineers or- 

230 



ganized under the state law: Ralph H. Francis, Chief 
Engineer, Levi M. Hathaway, Andrew B. Pierce and 
Eugene A. Herbert, Assistant Engineers. 

Early on the morning of August 13, IS'.Hi, fire was dis- 
covered at the gun shop on Water Street, Assonet Village. 
It had started on the outside of the ell, near the ground. 
By hard work on the part of a few individuals it was held 
in check until the arrival of the fire engine, and although 
it had by that time reached the roof of the building it was 
quickly extinguished after the engine was brought into 
action. 

Among rhe buildings that have been burned at Assonet 
Village and vicinity within about sixty years are the dwel- 
lings owned or once occupied by Tisdale Briggs, John S. 
Thomas, James Hyland, Bradford Clark, Ambrose W. 
Hathaway, John H. Campfield, with barn, James Winslow, 
James W. E. Clark, William Richardson, Solomon Cum- 
mings, Bailey Brightman, Hiram Brightman, Joseph H. 
Clark, Henry M. Chace, Philip T. Evans, with barn, Seth 
Howland, ApoUos Pierce, with two barns, Arthur Demor- 
anville, George Sisson and Ebenezer Briggs ; the barns of 
Williams Winslow, Elnathan Hathaway, George Cum- 
mings, William Copeland, Philip E. Tripp and John D. 
Wilson ; Henry Porter's nail factory, John Crane's two 
nail factories, William Thorp's waste mill, the old furnace 
building, the freight house at Assonet Station, Crystal 
Spring Station, an unoccupied building of Ambrose Dean, 
and the gun shop of N. R. Davis & Co., in 18(14. 

THE ASSONET FAIRS. 

In 1S67 Dr. Nathan Durfee, of Fall River, presented 
to the Congregational Society of Freetown the beautiful 
pipe organ that was at that time standing in the old Music 
Hall, Fall River. To make room for the organ, and also 
for the choir which formerly had been located in the 
gallery at the east end of the church, the building was ex- 

231 



tended westward twenty feet. A much needed vestry and a 
kitchen were at the same time provided for in the basement. 

The Hon. Amos A. Barstow, of Providence, R. I., 
kindly presented the society with a furnace for heating the 
building. The monster turtle back stove, with a big 
crack in its side, and its scores of feet of stove pipe, sus- 
pended with long wires, which ran over the center aisle 
and up through the high ceiling, was removed from the 
double pew, near the door, it had so long occupied, and in 
which the Sabbath school boys so delighted to sit cold 
winter days, often to the annoyance of Deacon Benjamin 
Burt, who, for many years, took the care of the old stove. 

During the year an association was organized whose 
object was to raise funds for the erection of a parsonage, 
and to assist in paying the expenses of the society. At a 
meeting of this sssociation Dr. Thomas G. Nichols of 
Assonet, John jNI. Deane and George T. Hathaway of Fall 
River were chosen a committee with full power ^in the 
matter. Friends of the society subscribed $3^75, and the 
above committee inaugurated a series of entertainments 
that proved both enjoyable and profitable. There being 
no public hall in the village a temporary floor was laid 
over the pews of the church and on March 3, 4 and 5, isns, 
a fair and entertainment was given.' At this fair the organ 
was played for the first time in public at its new location. 
Professor Whiting of Boston presided at the organ the first 
evening. The Fall River Chorus Societ)-, -JO voices, Ly- 
man W. Deane, director and organist, entertained the com- 
pany the second evening. On the third evening Professor 
Gleazen of Providence, R. I., presided at the organ, and 
there was vocal music by local artists. There was a special 
train from Fall River the second evening. The net pro- 
ceeds of this fair were one thousand dollars. 

The Oratorio of Esther that had been given with 
pleasing success in Fall River under the direction of 
Charles H. Robbins, was repeated in the Congregational 



Church at Assonet, April 2, 1868. The net proceeds of 
this entertainment were one hundred dollars. 

August 20, 1868, the society gave a clambake at Tis- 
paquin grove. A special train brought a large number of 
friends from Fall River. The Mechanics Band of Fall 
River furnished music for the occasion. A heavy down- 
pour of rain commenced while those at the second tables 
were eating. The gross receipts were $599.68 and the net 
proceeds of the bake were $335.77. 

February 22, 23 and 21-, 1870 a floor was again laid 
over the pews and a fair held in the church. The choir 
assisted by friends gave a concert the first evening, Benja- 
min A. Eddy, organist. The Fall River Glee Club, Ly- 
man W. Deane, director and organist entertained the 
company the second evening, and L. Soule of Taunton 
director and organist, assisted by George Bridgham, of 
Taunton, and others furnished the entertainment the third 
evening. A special train was run from Fall River the 
second evening. Much enthusiasm and merriment was 
produced by the voting, at ten cents per vote, of different 
articles to persons in the audience. In these friendly con- 
tests an afghan brought $66.50, a bed quilt $23.90, and a 
clothes wringer $26. The total receipts from the voting 
contests were $271. The door receipts were $177, the 
gross receipts $1095.50, and the net proceeds of the fair 
$611.31. 

The fair of ls71 was held in the church February 28, 
and March 1, 2 and 3. Lyman W. Deane and friends of 
Fall River furnished the vocal and instrumental mvisic. 
There was a special train from Fall River two evenings. 
In the votingcontests two breakfast jackets brought $7'S. 40, 
a sofa pillow $4-1.2(1. A cradle, that was disposed of four 
times before it went to a young man that decided to keep 
it $51.23. A saw and saw horse $40.34 and a blacking 
brush $27.35. The receipts from the voting were $25(.t.on. 
The door receipts were $2 is, the gross receipts §1243.76 

and the net receipts $629.33. 

233 



The next fair was held in the church February ^0, '21, 
22 and 2.3, ls72. The programme for the first evening 
was vocal music by Mr. Warren, George Crane and Miss 
Munroe of Taunton, and i\liss Deane, of Somerset, Miss 
Ida Burt, of Taunton, pianist. Their selections were of 
a high order and were well rendered. The band from the 
Perkins Institution for the Blind, of Boston, furnished the 
music for the second evening. There was a concert the 
third evening under the direction of Lyman W. Deane, of 
Fall River. The solos of Charles H. Ryder, John W. 
Pritchard and Velona W. Haughwout, of Fall River, and 
George Bridgham, of Taunton called forth rounds of ap- 
plause. 

The voting was decidedly interesting and amusing. 
A sofa pillow was voted to Mrs. Lyman W. Deane, of Fall 
River. A fancy chair the embroidering of which was the 
work of Mrs. John AI. Deane went for $156. JrO netting the 
society $105. Tu. Mrs. Col. Frank Allen, of Providence, 
R. I., received loso out of 156-1 votes cast and was declared 
the winner. The laziest man in the audience, being called 
for to exercise with the buck-saw on a good sized hickory 
log, several candidates were brought out. After a spirited 
contest in which 630 votes were cast, a well known and 
jovial young man from Fall River was declared "it." 
This young man had attended the whole series of Assonet 
Fairs, and he quickly sized up the crowd that unsolicited 
by him, was running his campaign, while he was spend- 
ing his money and doing his best to elect some other 
fellow. He had decided in his own mind not to put him- 
self, for that evening at least, in the hands of his friends. 
With no malice and aforethought he placed himself be- 
tween "the gang" and the outer door. After the polls 
were closed scouting parties sent in diiferent directions 
failed to find him. The doorkeeper averred that "he did 
not speak as he passed by," and that he disdainfully refused 
a return check proffered him. 

2?A 



It cost the same enthusiastic company $51. (iO to place 
a bottle of soothing syrup where they thought it would do 
the most good, or at least, where it would make the most 
sport for them. 

Special trains were run from Fall River the first and 
third evenings of the fair. About Ijoo were present the 
third evening, 400 of them coming from Fall River. The 
crush at the church was so great that many of the village 
people retired in order to make room for the visitors from 
abroad. The door receipts were $i}25, showing that there 
were 2:i.^0 paid admissions. The receipts from the voting 
amounted to $370.30. The gross receipts were |1-H9.09 
and the net receipts $777.61. 

The last fair inaugurated by this committee was held 
in the church IMarch 4, o, <; and 7, ls73. An Old Folks 
Concert, Lyman W. Deane, Director and Organist, was 
given the second evening of the fair, and George Bridg- 
ham of Taunton also entertained the audience with his 
inimitable character songs. The entertainment the third 
evening was by W. H. Hunt of Boston, humorist, and T. 
P. Ryder, pianist. Over six hundred round trip tickets 
were sold on the special trains that were run from Fall 
River the second and third evenings of the fair. There 
were over seven hundred present the second evening, five 
car loads coming on the special train, and many in the 
eighty teams that were counted in the village that even- 
ing. The door receipts were $234, showing a sale of 234() 
admission tickets. The receipts from voting were $111, 
the gross receipts $1121.32 and the net receipts $4;-)4. 51. A 
turkey supper was served in the vestry at all these fairs, 
using on the average 300 pounds of turkey. 

The other principal features of these fairs were the 
confectionery, ice cream, cake, lemonade, flower and fancy 
tables, coat room, art gallery, supper room and the auction 
the last evenings of the fairs, when no especial entertain- 
ment was provided. 

33.5 



At the fair of 1S72 the AVashington Read and the 
Daniel ^McGowan tables each netted fifty dollars. There 
was also a Read table at the fair of Is 73. A four page 
paper was also published in connection with the clambake 
and two or three of the fairs. The paper published in con- 
nection with fair of 18<;S netted $20(>, and that of 18T(» 
$1.")7. Bv this series of entertainments the society was 
benefitted to the amount of §:!!:M),s..5o. 

Just previous to 1S6S the society had found it difficult 
to raise $oi)0 per year to pay the minister, but for several 
ensuing years found no difficulty in paying $1300, annual 
expenses. In the work required of this committee Dr. 
Nichols attended more especially to the village end of 
affairs, ^Ir. Hathaway paid particular attention to Fall 
River, and Mv. Deane conducted affairs during the enter- 
tainments taking especial charge of the voting. 

At the close of the fair of ls73 this committee that 
during the five years of its existence had worked in perfect 
harmony within itself; that had planned and carried out 
so successfully this series of entertainments, and that had 
worked the enthusiasm of the friends of the society up to 
such a pleasing and liberal pitch, declined to serve any 
longer, and the society has not held a real fair since that 
time. 

The last report of the treasurer of the Association, be- 
fore mentioned was made in October ls7-f. There was 
then no cash balance left on hand and presumably the or- 
ganization went out of business at that time. 

The parsonage had not materialized. Some years 
later there was talk of building a chapel, but there being 
a difference of opinion as to whether it should be a chapel 
or parsonage that should be built, the matter was dropped. 

In August 1^91 the church extended a call to the Rev. 
Leonard Woolsey Bacon, D. D., of Norwich, Conn. The 
call was accepted by Dr. Bacon who is a hard worker not 
only in the spiritual but also in the temporal field. Since 
that time the church building, that Avas so badly out of re- 

236 



pair, that it was pronounced dangerous to ring the bell in 
the steeple, has been very thoroughly repaired and painted ; 
the organ that had been somewhat neglected put in proper 
condition, and the heating apparatus improved. All this 
at an outlay of about $1600. 

The heirs of Mrs. Hannah G. Payson, of Boston, who 
in her life time was a staunch and liberal friend of the so- 
ciety, owned the Earl Sampson place on North Main Street, 
which had been rented several years as a parsonage. They 
offered to sell it to the society at a very favorable price. 
The offer was accepted, and the society has since its pur- 
chase repaired and improved the house at an expense of 
about $.")U0. 

It is safe to say that as regards temporal matters the 
society never before was in as good condition as it finds 
itself today. 

THE GOLD FEVER. 

Soon after the discovery of gold in California in 1S4'.> 
nearly seventy of our citizens, mostly young men, went 
there in search of the precious metal. Not all found and 
retained it in liberal quantities. This rapid emigration to 
California was a striking feature of the times, ns ships, 
37 barks, 41 brigs and 15 schooners, or 151 vessels in all 
cleared from the port of Boston, for California in one year 
following the discovery of gold in that state. Thousands 
who left their homes with high expectations of sudden 
wealth soon learned that "all is not gold that glitters," 
and that "most that is good is not gold." The town has 
never fully recovered from the disheartening effect of this 
sudden and severe drain upon its young manhood. The 
following is Freetown's list of '-t'Jers : 

Tracey Allen, Ephraim Anthony, Edmund Anthony, 
Levi N. Baker, Stephen B. Barnaby, Daniel Bennett, 
vSamuel R. Bragg, Lorenzo D. Braley, Albert Briggs, 
Benjamin Burt, Jr., Peter Carnoe, George Chace, Thomas 
Evans, Thomas Evans, Jr., James Gardner, Benjamin M. 
Grinnell, John Grinnell, Edwin Harris, Barnaby W. Hath- 



away, Benjamin Hathaway, Charles W. Hathaway, Ed- 
mund D. Hathaway, Edmund Y. Hathaway, Elias Hath- 
away, Gideon P. Hatheway, Guilford Hathaway, John 
Hathaway, Valentine Hathaway, Ebenezer Jones, Lorenzo 
D. Lawton, Paul Lawrence, Arad T. Leach, Charles Mes- 
sears, Eleazer Nichols, John Nichols, George Pa3me, Rev. 
John Perry, Luther Pickens, Galen Pierce, Philip Pierce, 
Thomas W. Pierce, Edward Pratt, Elisha L. Pratt, John 
Y. Pratt, Benjamin Porter, Bradford G. Porter, Frederic 
Porter, Henry Porter, Robert Porter, Joseph Robinson, 
Samuel Robinson, William Robinson, Joseph Rounseville, 
AYalter vS. Rounseville, Nathan Spooner, Gilbert Staples, 
William B. Staples, James Taber, John Tew, ^Villiam 
Williams, Albert AVinslow, Henry AVinslow, Benjamin 
T. Winslow. 

THE TEMPERANCE SOCIETIES. 

The writer has been asked to give an account of the 
temperance movement in Freetown. He acknowledges at 
once his inability to give more than an outline of the 
different temperance societies that have from time to time 
existed in the town for the support and furtherance of this 
most worthy cause. 

In its early days Freetown was no exception to the 
general rule, and New England rum with other spirituous 
liquors were staple articles of commerce with all its mer- 
chants. 

The great temperance wave that was started in Bal- 
timore, by six reformed drunkards, came sweeping over 
the northern section of the country, and Bristol county, 
Freetown included, became deeply interested in the move- 
ment. Soon after the temperance agitation commenced in 
Assonet three of its traders resolved among themselves 
that they would no longer keep intoxicants for sale. They 
spilled what stock they had on hand into the gutter, and 
ever after faithfully kept the pledge they had made with 
each other. Williams Winslow, who kept the Assonet 
Hotel, was one of the pioneer temperance men of the 

288 



county. As early as lS',u> he stopped selling ardent spirits 
at his hotel. For this he was more or less persecuted. 
One night several augur holes were bored into his sign 
post. In the first week of October, 183."), at a meeting held 
in the Congregational church, Assonet Village, the 
Assonet Temperance Society was organized, a constitution 
and by-laws adopted and the following officers elected : 
W. H. Eddy, President; A. B. Crane, Secretary and 
Joseph Staples, Treasurer. 

The records of the society show that up to and includ- 
ing the meeting of June 7, 1S41, about one hundred and 
fifty persons, male and female, had signed the pledge and 
become members of the organization. There is nothing 
to show just when this society was disbanded, but there is 
no doubt that it was in existence some years after the 
above date. There is convincing proof in the records that 
there were several earnest, consistent and fearless advo- 
cates of the temperance cause connected with this society. 
The caustic resolutions, that they from time to time in- 
troduced and advocated, tended at least to make some of 
the meetings of the society quite exciting, and to demon- 
strate just how far some temperance advocates were will- 
ing to go in furtherance of the temperance cause when it 
came to choosing between it and personal or political 
interests. From the start reported violations of their 
pledge by members of the society gave numerous special 
investigating committees much work to do, and caused 
more or less friction in the society. Often these reports 
were started by enemies of the temperance movement, 
and were not only proved to be false but also quite mali- 
cious. Some members however humbly acknowledged 
their delinquenc}', expressed their regret and asked to be 
retained as members of the society, promising to do better 
in the future. Others unblushingly pleaded guilty and 
a,sked to have their names blotted from the pledge and 
from the roll of membership. It may be said that some 
of the latter continued the immoderate use of intoxicants 

239 



as long as they lived. In the winter of 1840 the society 
appointed several committees whose duty it was to hold 
temperance meeting in the different districts of the town 
including Ashley's, Bralej^'s, Mason's and the Furnace 
districts. These meetings were continued during the 
winter of is-tl and perhaps later. In 1841 a special com- 
mittee reported that there were at least six grog shops in 
the town. Three of the offenders who were located in the 
eastern part of the town were prosecuted by a committee 
appointed by the society for that purpose. Two convic- 
tions were obtained. The other offenders promised to 
stop selling liquor if not prosecuted for their past misdeeds. 

In the winter of 1840 a Youths' Temperance Society 
was formed at Assonet with Lorenzo D. Lawton, President, 
and Simeon Burt, Secretary. This society was very active 
during the winter and spring, holding weekly meetings 
which were largely attended by both young and old. The 
two societies joined in celebrating the 4th of July, 1S41, 
which proved to be a red-letter day for the temperance 
people of Assonet. Nathaniel Collier of Boston, a re- 
formed inebriate, was the principal speaker. The first 
gathering was held in the North church which was filled 
from floor to galleries. At the close of this meeting the 
audience formed in procession and marched to music with 
temperance motto banners flying to a grove where more 
than three hundred persons partook of a bountiful collation 
provided by the ladies of the village. Henry L. Deane, a 
distinguished vocalist of Taunton, also took part in the 
exercises of the day. 

Among the active members of the Assonet Temper- 
ance Society other than those already named may be men- 
tioned : Thomas Andros, Jr., Augustus C. Barrows, John 
Burbank, Benjamin Burt, Benjamin Crane, Jr., AVilliam 
Carpenter, Allen Chace, Joseph Durfee, Jr., Elkanah Dog- 
gett, Alden Hathaway, Jr., Guilford H. Hathaway, Am- 
brose W. Hathaway, John T. Lawton, John Nichols, Cur- 
tis C. Nichols, Thomas (}. Nichols, Peter Nichols, James 

2+1 



Phillips, Sylvanus S. Payne, John B. Pariss, Stetson Ray- 
mond, E. W. Robinson, James Taylor and Ephraim 
Winslow. 

The East Freetown Washingtonian Temperance vSoci- 
ety was organized at a meeting held at the Mason Meet- 
ing House, April 5, 1S4(>. The following officers were 
elected: Charles Bierstadt, President ; Tracey Allen, Vice 
President and Reuel Washburn, Secretary and Treasurer, 
The first work engaged in by this society was the prosecu- 
tion of one of the parties that had previously been pros- 
ecuted for rum selling by a committee of the Assonet 
Temperance Society. He was finally forced out of the 
neighborhood. Pledge breakers and politics gave this 
society some trouble and by the records it seems to have 
expired December (i, 1847 on account of a lack of interest 
among its members. The following named members of 
this society are mentioned in its records; Tracey Allen, 
James Ashley, Charles Bierstadt, Horatio A. Braley, Fisher 
A. Cleveland, B. Cushman, Abisha H. Chace, Sylvanus 
Cole, John Duffie, Samuel F. Greene, Arad T. Leach, 
Andrew J. Morton, William A. Morton, Hezekiah Mason, 
Marcus M. Rounseville, John Spare, George L. Smith, 
John Townsend, Benjamin G. White, Reuel Washburn 
and Thomas Whitcomb. 

The Assonet Division, No. 184, Sons of Temperance, 
was organized at Assonet Village May 24, 186(i, with 
George D. Williams as Worthy Patriarch and Don C. H. 
Hathaway as Recording Scribe. This society had a mem- 
bership of about forty and was in excellent condition at 
the time of the breaking out of the War of the Rebellion. 
Its meetings were often enlivened by visitors from diiasions 
located in neighboring towns. Sixteen of its members 
enlisted in the army. This society also had its troubles 
with delinquents. It surrendered its charter January ItJ, 
1864. 

Star Lodge No. 77, Independent Order of Good Temp- 
lars was instituted at Assonet Village Septemper 11, isiis, 

241 



with fifteen members. Thomas G. Nichols was the first 
Chief Templar, Hattie L. Briggs, Vice Templar and S. R. 
Briggs, Secretary. This lodge was removed to East Free- 
town about the year ISTT, where its membership in- 
creased to ninety-five. It surrendered its charter May 10, 
18S(>. Reuel Washburn was the last Chief Templar, 
Emma Keen, Vice Templar and Genie Braley, Secretary. 

Pearl Division, No. 93, Sons of Temperance was or- 
ganized at East Freetown July 5, ISS'.t, with William A. 
Gurney, Worthy Patriarch and Granville S. Allen, Re- 
cording Scribe. Its charter was surrendered in November, 

Bethel Division, No. 116, Sons of Temperance was 
organized at Assonet Village, February 8, Isyi with Rev. 
A. L. Bean Worthy Patriarch and Isabel R. Burrell, Re- 
cording Scribe. There were about forty signatures to the 
charter list, and at one time the society had about seventy- 
five members. This division surrendered its charter in 
December, 1897. 

Each of these temperance societies contributed its 
share of good to the cause which it espoused. If they did 
not entirely stop the use of intoxicants as a beverage in the 
town, if they did not redeem every drunkard that lived 
within their jurisdiction, they surely helped to restrict 
such use of the former, and saved some of the latter from 
a drunkard's grave. 

The temperance sentiment of the town today is far in 
advance of that of fifty years ago. Then drunken men 
were almost daily seen upon the streets, often disturbing 
the peace and quiet of the commonwealth by their loud 
and profane language, some of them at times endangering 
the life and limbs of our citizens by their cruel and reck- 
less driving in our streets. These disturbances were some- 
times intensified and prolonged by young men, who for 
sport harassed these unfortunate men in various ways, 
goading them at times almost to desperation. Such con- 

242 



duct on the part of either party would not be tolerated 
today. Let us be thankful for this great improvement in 
our citizenship and rejoice that the school children of the 
present day are not obliged to be witnesses of such drunk- 
en depravity in public places. Decidedly the world is 
growing better. Decidedly Freetown is better. 

C.EXERAL NOTES. 

The present Christian Church at Assonet was built in 
1833. It originally had two front doors, each reached by 
a short flight of steps. There was a large window be- 
tween them. A swell front pulpit was located between 
the two inner doors at the east end of the audience room, 
the pews faced it, to the east. The windows of ordinary 
sash and glass were of the full height and width of the 
present window frames, were furnished with outside 
blinds, and each including the large window in front had 
a fan shaped blind over its top. The blinds were painted 
green. The south side of the basement was left open and 
was used for storing wagons, farming implements, &c. 
until 1.^42, when it was closed in and fitted as a vestry, the 
only entrance being by a door on the south side. The 
speaker's desk was on the south side of the room. The 
floor was built on an incline. It had stationary board seats 
facing the desk. The political meetings of the earlier po- 
litical campaigns were usually held in this vestry. In 
1S6T the floor of the audience room was raised several 
inches, the pews turned, and the pulpit removed to the 
west end. The windows were altered to their present form, 
a front door was made in the center, nearly level with 
the ground, and substituted for the two originallj- built, 
and an inside entrance cut from the vestibule into the 
vestry. Later the original pulpit was removed, a plat- 
form built across the west end of the auditorium and a 
portable pulpit substituted. In 1^75 the vestry was re- 
fitted, the floor being made level, the desk placed on the 

348 



west side of the room, settees substituted for the station- 
ary seats, and the outside entrance closed. 



Furnace heat was substituted for that of stoves about 
isCiO. The bell which weighs GOO pounds was presented 
to the society by Dr. Edmund V. Hathaway of San Fran- 
cisco, California, a native of Assonet, in ISGo. The hole 
that was burned through the roof of the church by the fire 
of lSs6, and which caused considerable damage to the 
ceiling, was over the rafter that replaced the one broken 
by the fall of the steeple in the gale of ISdiS. At that time 
pieces of the steeple penetrated the ceiling and fell to the 
floor of the audience room, the main portion of the steeple 
however rolled off the roof and fell to the ground. 

The societ}' was not incorporated until iStiS. 



The Rk\'kri-;ni) ]n\\s Buris.vnk was the son of Isaac 



and Marv Tisdale Kurl)ank. 




REV. JOHN BURBANK 



All his life limg he was 
identified with the 
Christian Church in 
Assonet, which he 
joined during one of 
the revivals of re- 
ligion that took place 
in the early ministry 
of Elder James Tay- 
lor. He soon after 
decided to become a 
minister, but unfort- 
unately his health had 
never been robust, 
and he found himself 
unable to follow any 
regular course of 
study. Finallv or- 
dained as a Christian 
minister, he preached 



•244 



occasionally throughout his life, supplying the pulpit from 
time to time in Assonet, East Freetown and Smith Mills ; 
ill-health, however, always prevented him from accepting 
a pastorate. He was a zealous advocate of justice and 
morality, and warmly upheld the cause of temperance and 
that of anti-slavery. He was noble-minded and sincere, 
genial in conversation, often eloquent and impressive in 
the pulpit, a man who won general respect through his 
faithfulness to high ideals. He died in l.ss8 at the age of 
eighty-one years, and lies buried in the grave-yard op- 
posite the Christian Church. 



The Congregational Church at Assonet was built in 
1808-9. Ebenezer Pierce of Middleboro, now Lakeville, 
was the master builder. A portion of the timber and 
boards were brought from Maine in the Sloop Unicorn, 
Ebenezer Pierce of Assonet, owner, James L. Valentine, 
master, and George C. Briggs, John Brown and Jack Shep- 
ard, crew. Benjamin Dean, Sr. , carted the lumber from 
the wharf at Assonet to the building site. Circular seats 
with circular book racks in front of them were constructed 
for the choir at the east end of the gallery. Pews built 
crosswise of the gallery and modelled like those in the 
body of the house, with seats on each side, were construct- 
ed on the north and south sides of the gallery. A pew of 
the same model was also made over the top of each of the 
two stairways that lead from the vestibule to the gallery. 
These two pews were called the slave pews. They were 
removed when the gallery was remodelled in I8(i7. There 
was once a sounding board in the church. The original 
pulpit made on a raised platform, had a paneled front. It 
was removed when the alterations to the church were 
made in 1807. The clock in the steeple of the church was 
placed there in 1882. It was purchased from Amherst 
College, the money being raised by subscription. The Rev. 
George F.Walker who was mainly instrumental in securing 

245 



the clock, set it up, — making the three dials himself - 
and cared for it during his pastorate. 



' ' The records of the Congregational Church of Christ 
gathered in Freetown, in the County of Bristol, and 
Province of the Massachusetts-Bay in New England, 
September ye 30th A. D. 1747," is the way it is written on 
the title page of the record book kept by the Rev. Silas 
Brett. Before the Province of Massachusetts Bay was 
divided into counties in 1(U3, it had such divisions, but 
they were designated regiments, which at and before that 
date denoted an equal number of general and territorial 
divisions in the colon v. 



Freetown was the fifth town organized in Bristol 
County. 

The bounds between Freetown and Tiverton were 
established June 17, 17(M». 



The easterly line of the Freemen's purchase was the 
line that divided old Freetown on the east from Tiverton 
previous to 1747, when that part of Tiverton was annexed 
to Freetown and has since been known as New or East 
Freetown. 



The three telegraph offices in the town are at the As- 
sonet, Braleys and East Freetown railroad stations. The 
telephone pay station at Assonet is located in the public 
library building. East Freetown has private telephones 
but none for public use. The express offices are at the 
four railroad stations. 



The enrolment of Freetown in isdo was ^n.^. When 
recruiting for the war of the rebellion was stopped Free- 
town had filled her quota and had a surplus of four men to 
her credit. Twenty of her citizens were commissioned in 



the army or navy, ten of them- serving in tAvo or more or- 
ganizations. Eight of them first served as enlisted men. 
In rank there was one brigadier-general, one colonel, one 
major, five captains and seven lieutenants in the army and 
two chief engineers with the rank of captain, one ensign 
and two acting ensigns in the navy. 



Captain Levi Rounseville who marched from Free- 
town with his company of minnte men April l'.>, 177.5, was 
the father of the Rev. William Rounseville who repre- 
sented the town of Freetown for ten successive years in 
the General Court at Boston, and great-grandfather of the 
Rev. William R. Alger, a noted author and divine. Lieu- 
tenant Nathaniel Morton of the same company was grand- 
father of Hon. Marcus ]\Iorton, formerly Governor of 
Massachusetts ; and Private Peter Crapo was grandfather 
of Colonel Henry H. Crapo, formerly Governor of Mich- 
igan. 

Hon. Alarcus Alorton was Collector of Customs at the 
port of Boston for four years. Hercules Cushman was 
Collector of Customs for the district of Dighton lS2'3--25. 
James ]\I. ^lorton was postmaster at Fall River 1S53-.57. 
Nicholas Hathaway was postmaster at Fall River lS85-Si<. 



The barn built by Benjamin Dean, Sr. and later owned 
by John Dean, that stood on Water street until istjo, was 
for many years the abattoir for Assonet and its vicinity 
with Thomas W. Pierce in charge. It also served well as 
a meeting place for more than half a hundred boys that 
were born on that street. 



Of the three wharves, commonly called the lower 
wharves the middle one was built by Ebenezer Pierce and 
by him sold to Elder Philip Hathaway. Its location was 
known as the coal landing. 

247 



(tKorge W. Pickens, son of George and Ruth (Read) 
Pickens was born at Assonet, March IT, 1820. He chose 

the life of a mariner 
wliich occupation he 
followed until a short 
time before his death 
At first engaged in 
the coastwise trade 
he later became mas- 
ter of a vessel in the 
foreign trade. The 
last thirtjM'earsof his 
sea-faring life he 
spent as an officer on 
the Fall River Line 
of steamboats to New 
York. He was strict- 
ly upright and honor- 
able in all his dealings 
with his fellow men. 
GEORGE w PICKENS Hc ncvcr failed to 

express his opinion of such shams and frauds as came to 
his notice, in his own inimitable way. His flow of lan- 
guage was rapid and his word painting unique. He was a 
member of the Congregational Church at Assonet. He 
married Elizabeth C, daughter of Benjamin fJean. Their 
children were John AVilson, born June It, ls46, Isidore 
Frances, born February lU, 1848, Clara Washington, born 
September 1!», 1851, Benjamin Dean, born July ITi, 18,-)!>, 
Benjamin Dean, born November 1, FsfWi and Elizabeth 
Allen, born January it, ist;;',. The last three died when 
vouno-. He died Februarv -1, l8'.i'.t. 





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348 



An Account 



i \)(^ Old Hon^e r e^bival^ 



FREETOWN, MASS. 
1902. 



Old Home Festival. 



THE first suggestion of tiie Old Home Festival for Free- 
town — -an occasion memorable in the annals of the 
town — -was made in a meeting of the Assonet Village Im- 
provement Society, and warmly approved. Pursuant to 
instructions from the Society, a Circular was sent out into 
all parts of the town, calling a meeting of citizens to be 
held at the Town Hall, Monday evening, March 3d, 190^, 
at which "the sentiment of our people, whether favorable 
or unfavorable, might be distinctly ascertained, and that 
our invitation, if one is to be sent forth, may represent a 
cordial welcome from the whole community." It was 
added that : 

"The old town has abundant reason to be proud of 
her citizens, adorning stations of eminent usefulness in the 
neighboring cities and the State and Nation ; as they in 
their turn may well delight in the fair village and the 
pleasant homesteads from which they sprang. If it shall 
be decided that our community shall send out the invita- 
tions that are to call 'her sons from far and her daughters 
from the ends of the earth,' the result cannot but be de- 
lightful and memorable." 

The meeting thus called was large, unanimous and 
enthusiastic, and resulted in the organization of The 
Festival Association with the following officers : 

President ; 
Major John M. Deane, of Freetown and Fall River. 

Vice-Presidents: 
His Honor, George Grime, Mayor of Fall River. 
Charles A. Morton, Esq., East Freetown. 
Judge James M. Morton, Fall River. 
Judge Henry K. Braley, Fall River. 
Andrew J. Jennings, Esq., Fall River. 
Elbridge G. Paul, Esq., Fair Haven. 
250 



Corresponding Secretary — Rev. Leonard W. Bacon, Assonet. 
Recording Secretary — Mrs. Edward H. Kidder, Assonet. 
Treasurer — N. W. Davis, Assonet. 

Chairmen of Committees: 

On Program, Music and Speakers — Rev. P. A. Canada. 

On Invitation, Reception and Hospitality — Rev. Leonard 
W. Bacon. 

On History — Dr. C. A Briggs. 

On Decoration — B. F. Aiken. 

On Banquet — Ralph H. Francis. 

On Transportation — Gilbert M. Nichols. 

On Ways and Means — N. W. Davis. 

The Officers with the Chairmen of Committees, together 
constituted the General Executive Committee. 

Committee on Invitation, Reception 

AND Hospitality: 

Rev. Leonard W. Bacon, Mrs. Earl F. Pearce, 

Col. Silas P. Richmond, Handel E. Washburn, 

Geo. B. Cudworth, Mrs. Edward H. Kidder, 

Miss C. C. Nichols, Milton I. Deane, 

Miss Lucy Evans, Richard B. Deane. 

Committee on Program, Music 
and Speakers: 
Rev. P. A. Canada, Rev. L. W. Bacon, 

John M. Deane. 

On History: 
Dr. Charles A. Briggs, John H. Evans, 

Palo Alto Peirce, Mrs. Helen M. Irons, 

Charles A. Morton, Mrs. Paul M. Burns. 

On Decorations: 
B. F. Aiken, Miss S, B. Porter, 

Palo Alto Peirce, Mrs. L. W. Bacon, 

Earl F. Pearce, Miss L M. Hathaway. 

On Banquet: 
Ralph H. Francis, Mrs. Albert H. Thurston, 

Mrs. C. A. Briggs, Dr. C. A. Briggs, 

Mrs. N. W. Davis, N. W. Davis. 

251 



On Transportation: 

Gilbert M. Nichols, Joseph S. Taylor, 

Francis E. Baker, Harold G. Irons, 

Andrew M. Hathaway. 

On Ways and Means: 

N. W. Davis, Earl F. Pearce, 

J. M. Deane, Harris E. Chace, 

J. D. Hathaway, G. M. Nichols, 

N. R. Davis, Dr. C. A. Briggs. 

On Fireworks: 
Milton I. Deane, Charles L. Deane. 

On Recording Visitors: 
Mrs. Charles W. Payne, Miss Georgia B. Cudworth. 

The following ladies were volunteers in collecting and ar- 
ranging a most successful antiquarium : 

Miss Caroline M. Evans, Miss Mercy M. Hatheway, 

Mrs. N. W. Davis, Miss Helen G. Pickens, 

Mrs. Octavia Pickens, Mrs. David Terry, Jr., 

Mrs. John M. Deane. 

Chorus: 

Director — Rev. L. W. Bacon. 

Organists — Mr. Alton B. Paull, Miss Mabel G. Bacon. 

Violinist — Miss Florence F. Purrington. 

Pianist — Miss Louise Carnoe. 

Sopranos — Miss Elizabeth R. Bacon, Mrs. Charles W. Payne, 
Miss Helen H. Irons, Mrs. Sarah A. Balcom, Miss Lucy Walker, 
Mrs. Frank McCreery, Miss Georgia B. Cudworth, Miss Flor- 
ence B. Evans and Mrs. E. H. Kidder. 

Altos — Mrs. Ralph H. Francis, Miss Sarah B. Porter, Mrs. 
P. A. Canada, Mrs. Frank W. Dean and Miss S. E. Rose. 

Tenors — Earl F. Pearce, Charles W. Payne, Gilbert M. 
Nichols, Eugene E. Ray and Arthur E. Newhall. 

Basses — Ralph H. Francis, Joseph S. Taylor, Abram T. 
Haskell and Alfred M. Davis. 

252 



It is no more than justice to the Committees named, 
to say that from that time forward they devoted them- 
selves with persistent energy, often to the sacrifice of per- 
sonal convenience and interest, to securing the success of 
their patriotic enterprise. 

Under date of April Tth, a Preliminary Announce- 
ment was sent out by the General Executive Committee, 
giving a rough sketch of the Festival plans, and inviting 
suggestions from all quarters. Among the items of this 
Announcement was the following foreshadowing of the 
present publication : 

The hours of a single day are not enough to include 
an ample Historical Discourse, treating in full of the pe- 
culiarly interesting annals of the town. Accordingly our 
Historical Committee are preparing for the press an Illus- 
trated History of Freetown — its events and conflicts, its 
notable citizens and families, its industries and schools and 
churches. Such a volume cherished in the old homesteads 
of the town, and taken to their widely scattered homes by 
our returning guests, will be valued as a souvenir of the 
Old Home and of the present celebration. 



Among the preparations that deserve to be commem- 
orated are the organization and training of The Festival 
Chorus, of about thirty voices, all of them volunteers 
from the two choirs of Assonet. The Chorus was en- 
couraged by the generous assistance of the accomplished 
quartet of the First Church in Fall River, directed by 
Gilbert H. Belcher, Esq., to give a Concert at the Old 
North Church on the 13th of June, the proceeds of which 
were devoted to the expenses of the Old Home Festival. 
The program of this concert, in which the Chorus had 
the further assistance of Mr. Hawkins of Fall River, 
'cellist, and of Miss Purrington of Mattapoisett, violinist, 
is entitled to a place here as part of the res ^estw of the 
Old Home Festival. 

353 



CONCEIO' 



OF SACRED AND SECULAR MUSIC 



TRe 7l55oiieI Fe5liYexI CKoru5, 



WITH THE GENEROUS ASSISTANCE OF THE 



FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH CHOIR, 



OB^ I^J^IiL E,I-VEE,. 



MRS. J. H. FRANKLIN, MISS F. H. LEARNED, 

Soprano. Contralto. 

MR. ELLIS L. ROWLAND, MR. R. M. HAWKINS, 

Tenor. Basso. 

MR. GILBERT H. BELCHER, 
Organist and Director. 

MISS F. F. PURRINGTON, MR. C. S. HAWKINS, 

Violinist, 'Cellist. 

AT TUB 

OLD NORTH CHURCH, ASSONET, 

Friday Evening, June 13tli,1902, 

AT HALF-PAST SEVEN (7.30) O'CLOCK. 



TIOKIETS, - 25 OEHSTTS E^GHI. 

FOR SALE AT THE STORES. 



The proceeds of the Concert are for the benefit of the 
" Old Home Festival" FLind. 



j^— ' Particular attention is requested to the early hour required for the conven- 
ience o£ our friends from out of town. 

2.^4 



PART I. 

Chorus — "Hail to Thee Liberty," (from Semiramide) Rossini 

Hail to thee, Liberty ! hail to thee, Freedom, 

On this great day. 
Let sounds of melody, let notes of pleasure. 
Resound triumphantly this festal day. 
Rejoice in freedom this sacred day. 

Yeoman from valley, hunter from mountain, 
Crowd from gay capital, hermit from fountain ; 
Arouse thee, great nation, this happy day. 
Sacred to freedom, this holy day. 



Quartette — ''My Faith looks up to Thee," . Schnecker 

With Violin Obligato. 

Glee — "Swiftly from the Mountain's Brow," . S.Webbe 

Swiftly from the mountain's brow 

Shadows nursed by night's retire, 
And the peeping sunbeams now 

Paint with gold the village spire. 

Sweet, oh sweet the warbling throng 
On the white emblossomed spray ! 

Nature's universal song 
Echoes to the rising day. 

Quartette — "Stars of the Summer Night," . Hatton 

Contralto Solo — "Springtide," . . . Berwick 

With 'cello Obligato. 



The Tramp Chorus, 



Sir Henry R. Bishop 



DUETT- 



Chokus — Now tramp, now tramp, o'er moss and fell 
The battered ground returns the sound, 
While breathing chanters proudly swell: 
Clan Alpine's cry is "Win or die!" 

Solo — Guardian spirits of the brave. 
Victory o'er my hero wave. 

"Tarry with me," 

Soprano and Tenor. 
2.'j5 



Nicolli 



PART II. 

The Soldier's Chorus, (from Faust) . . Gounod 

Glory and love to the men of old ! 
Their sons may copy their virtues bold — 
Courage in heart and a sword in hand. 
Ready to fight or ready to die for fatherland ! 
Who needs bidding to dare by a trumpet blown? 
Who lacks pity to spare, when the field is won? 
Who would fly from a foe, if alone or last, 
And boast he was true, as cowards might do, 

When peril is past? 

Now home again we come, 
The long and fiery strife of battle over. 

Rest is pleasant after toil 
As hard as ours beneath a stranger sun. 
Many a maiden fair is waiting here 
To greet her truant lover ; 

And many a heart will fail and brow grow pale, 
To hear the tale of cruel peril he has run. 

We are at home ! 

"For All Eternity" . . . Maschcroni 

Tenor Solo and Obligato. 

Violin Solo — Selected .... 



QuARTEi'TE — "The Day is Ended," 

With Obligato. 



/. C. Bartlctt 



Glee — "Hark, Apollo strikes the Lyre," Sir Henry R. Bishop 

, Hark, Apollo strikes the lyre, 

And loudly sounds the golden wire. 
To bid of heaven the tuneful choir 
Their art divine employ. 

Whose song harmonious shall rebound 
In echoes from the vast profound, 
And earth shall catch the charming sound 
With wide diflfusing joy. 

To "The Order of the Day" as placed in the hands of 
the guests of the town on Wednesday, July 30, 1902, em- 
bellished with a photogravure of "The Profile on Joshua's 
Mountain," were prefixed the following: 

256 



GENERAL NOTICES. 

RENDEZVOUS for Visitors at the Village School-House. 

A Committee of Reception will be in attendance during 

the day. 
A Register will be provided for Recording Names and 

Addresses. 
Subscriptions will be received for the Memorial Volume. 

BAND CONCERTS bythe Swansea Brass Band at 10.00, 13.30 
and 4.00. 

EXERCISES IN THE CHURCH at 10.30, 2 30 and 7.30. 

BANQUET at 1.00. 

FIREWORKS at 8.30. 

ANTIQUARIUM at the Vestry of the South Church, Tuesday 
evening, Wednesday and Thursday. Admission Ten Cents. 

The Program of Exercises for the three parts of the 
day was this : 

FORENOON. 



Reception and Responses. 

At half past ten, at the Church. 



FESTIVAL OVERTURE on the Organ, by Mr. Alton B. 
Paull, a Grandson of Freetown. Processional in D, 

Giiilinant 

INVOCATION AND THANKSGIVING, in which the devo- 
tions of the assembly will be lead by the Rev. Benjamin 
S. Batchelor, for seventeen years a Minister of the Gospel 
in the Town. 

ADDRESS OF WELCOME in behalf of the Residents of the 
Town, by Major John M. Deane, President of the Day. 

RESPONSE in behalf of the Daughter City, by His Honor, 
George Grime, Mayor of Fall River. 

CHORUS, "Swiftly from the Mountain' Brow," .S". Webbe 

Sung by the Assonet Festival Chorus. 



LETTERS AND SPEECHES from sons and grandsons of the 

old town, and other visitors and guests. 
THE SOLDIERS' CHORUS from "Faust," Gounod 

ORGAN VOLUNTARY. Marche Militaire, Gounod 

Mr. Paull. 

AFT ERNO ON. 

Banquet. 

In the Town Hall, at one o'clock, during which there will be 
music in the open air, by the Swansea Brass Band. 

The After Dinner Speaking 

At the Church, at 2.30. 
Admittance to the church is reserved until 2.20 exclusively 
for holders of tickets to the Banquet. 

ORGAN VOLUNTARY, Offertoire in A, Bathte 

Mr. Paull. 
ORATION by Mr. Curtis Guild, Jr., of Boston. 
CHORUS, "Hail to thee. Liberty, " from "Semiramide," Rossini 

Sung by the Assonet Festival Chorus. 
DUO ; Violin and Organ. Largo, Handel 

Miss Florence P. Purrington and Miss Mabel G. Bacon. 
POEM, "The Old Home — a Freetown Ballad," 

By Miss M. E. N. Hathaway. 
SONG, "Home, Sweet Home," Bishop 

Miss Elizabeth R. Bacon. 
ODE for the Old Home Festival, by Herbert E. Hathaway. 
Air — Die IVacht am Rhein. 
How shall we best the work complete 

Begun of old by them that sleep; 
Who bore the burden and the heat 

And planted that their sons might reap ; 
Who wrought with faith and strength and zeal, 

Nor life nor fortune did withhold, 
To found secure the Commonweal 
For us, in peace, to have and hold ? 

Toil did not daunt nor hardship stay; 

They drew not back, though dear the cost, 
Looked forward to a better day, 

And lost not hope, whate'er they lost. 
While steadfast to the truth they saw, 

In duty's narrow path they trod, 
The Word of God their highest law. 

Their only fear, the fear of God. 
358 



In conscious right they dared withstand, 

The weight of England's armaments, 
When Liberty, throughout the land, 

Aroused her sons to her defense. 
They knew defeat and sharp distress. 

Yet persevered until the hour 
That brought at last well-won success. 

And gave the world a freeborn power. 

When discord kindled into strife. 

And kinsmen's hands prepared the blow. 
The Union, hard beset for life. 

Called to her aid the men we know. 
They answered — not with idle breath — 

They died for her on land and sea, 
Preserved her from a living death. 

And kept her one, united, free. 

O honored fathers of the town, 

Who joyed and sorrowed in your day. 
To us your children handing down 

The light that led you on your wa^- — 
The constant will to do the right. 

The courage not to do the wrong, 
And unbound justice, to requite 

With equal hand the weak and strong — 

The heritage that we partake 

AVas won by you with toil and pain; 
Sons of your sons, shall we forsake 

Your ways, and make your labor vain? 
Be ours the task, with wider view 

The ancient promise to fulfill ; 
With richer gifts to build anew. 

And leave your fame unsullied still. 

RECESSIONAL, Romance in D, Leinare 

Mr. Paull. 



EVENING. 



Music 

At the Church, at half past seven o'clock. 



ORGAN VOLUNTARY, 

Miss Bacon. 

GLEE, "Hark, Apollo strikes the Lyre," Bishop 

Sung bv The Festival Chorus. 

SONG, "The Old Oaken Bucket," 

Mr. Ellis L. Howland. 

VIOLIN SOLO. Adagio, Mcrkd 

Miss Purrington. 

259 



SONG, "The Rosary," Nevin 

Miss Elizabeth R. Bacon. 

SONG, with Violin Obligate, Bishop 

Mr. Ellis L. Rowland and Miss Purrington. 

THE TRAMP CHORUS, Bishop 

>row tramp, now tramp, o'er moss and fell 
The battered ground returns the sound. 

Sung by The Festival Chorus 

Soprano Solo by Miss Elizabeth R. Bacon. 

THE PILGRIM HYMN. The people are invited to stand and 
join in singing this hymn (No. 40i; in the Church Book) to 
the Old Hundredth Psalm Tune. 

() God, beneath thy guiding hand 

Our exiled fathers crossed the sea ; 
And when they trod the wintry strand, 

With prayer and psalm they worshipt Thee. 

Thou heard'st well pleased the song, the prayer; 

Thy blessing came ; and still its power 
Shall onward through all ages bear 

The meaiory of that holy hour. 

Laws, freedom, truth, and faith in God 

Came with those exiles o'er the waves; 
And where their pilgrim feet have trod. 

The God they trusted guards their graves. . 

And here thy name, O God of love. 

Their children's children shall adore. 
Till these eternal hills remove. 

And spring adorns the earth no more. Amen. 

ORGAN RECESSIONAL 

Miss Bacon. 

Fireworks about 8:30. 



The weather of the auspicious 30th of July was just 
what Freetown and its guests would'have desired. Under 
a sky slightly overcast so as to mitigate the summer heat, 
from all qtiarters and by all conveyances the people gath- 
ered at the Four Corners, where all public buildings and 
many private ones were gay with bunting. The intervals 
of preliminary business were enlivened by the stirring 
music of the Swansea Band ; and the interest of the variou.s 

260 



parties that strolled throiigh the village streets was c]uick- 
ened by the inseriptions posted at points of historic in- 
terest. 

AVith military punctuality (such as marked all the 
proceedings of the clay, to a degree unusual on like occa- 
sions; the President of the Day, Major John M. Deane, 
took the chair at the appointed hour, and after a Ijrilliant 
organ overture and a prayer of luA'ocation and Thanks- 
giving, welcomed the guests of the town in these terms : 

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS OF WELCOME. 



TTS PRESIDENT of the Old Home Festival organization of 
J J. the ancient town of Freetown, I extend the most cordial 
greeting of the town to all of you and through you to all the 
absent members of your families, wherever they may be to-day. 
Freetown makes this a very cordial and whole-souled greeting 

and hopes that it will 
kindle in all your hearts 
as warm a place for her 
as she cherishes in her 
heart for all of her be- 
loved children, wher- 
ever fate has placed 
them. She is joyous at 
your return today and 
she will do all in her 
power to make your 
visit a memorable one. 
Her latch strings are 
out. The town is yours. 
Ransack the old dom- 
icile to your hearts' con- 
tent; frolic in the old 
qarn, the crib and work- 
shop; wade in brook and 
river, and romp through 
PRESIDENTJOHN M DEANE. meadow, field and forcst, 

as you did of yore. She will respond to your merry laugh, as 
in the now seldom visited and dusty attic you unearth some of 

261 





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the treasures of your childhood, or useful articles of bygone 
days; notably the old rag doll that grandmother herself made 
you and upon which your auntie painted mouth and nose and 
eyebrows, the home-made rocking-horse on which you rode to 
Banbury Cross, the carts and sleds that always ran into the 
gutter or fence when you tried to coast, the warming pan, the 
foot-stove, the bellows, the candle-mould, the candle stick and 
snuffers, old lanterns and old chests with all their old-time 
associations and tender recollections. Looms and spinning 
frames not made by the Masons' or the Drapers', costumes not 
tailor-made, bonnets not from a man-milliner of Paris, and not 
the least of all, the old red cradle in which mother and grand- 
mother rocked you to sleep while the}^ sang luUabys; and the 
trundle-bed in which you and brother or sister had pillow iights 
until frightened into silence by grandmother's solemn and awful 
story of Elisha and the two she-bears. Let the absent ones, 
whether children, grand-children, great or greater grand- 
children whom fate keeps from us today, even though they have 
journeyed to the uttermost parts of the earth, be assured that 
Freetown takes this special season to think of them and to pray 
for them. Write to them ; send them souvenirs of this occasion ; 
say to them that our prayer is that God's richest blessings may 
be showered upon them, that health, prosperity and happiness 
may attend them always. We all have reason to be proud Of 
our ancestral home. From it have gone forth many eminent 
men and women, eminent in all the varied walks of life, from 
the humble tiller of the soil to governor of our honored com- 
monwealth ; statesmen, lawyers, doctors and divines, merchants, 
miners, manufacturers and mechanics, agriculturists, inventors, 
authors and teachers, captains of industry, mariners and noted 
captains in the merchant marine both on land and on lake. We 
had hoped to greet on this occasion that grandson of our town 
and village whose influence in the world to-day is second to that 
of no living man — the Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State. 
(Loud applause.) Her- children have always performed their 
part well, no less in war than in peace. In all the wars in 
which our country has been involved her sons and daughters 
have done their full duty. In that greatest of all wars, the 
War of the Rebellion, she more than filled her quota. An 
Irishman telling of his services in that war said that he was in 

362 



it from Alpha to Omega; that he took part in all the great 
battles fought by the army of the Potomac; that he was always 
the last to take the field and the first to leave it. Not so with 
the youth of Freetown. They were among the first to take the 
field and the last to leave it. On their banner they can inscribe 
at the top, April 15th, 1861, and follow with Bull Run, An- 
tietam, Fredericksburg, Vicksburg, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, 
Cold Harbor, Petersburg and every other prominent battle of 
the war and write at the bottom "Appomatox." We are not 
envious because our daughter — City of Fall River, has so far 
outstripped us in the battle of life; we rejoice at her phenomenal 
increase in population and in her great industrial prosperity. 
Many of our children are living within her borders toiay, have 
shared in her increase and have had a part in her upbuilding. 
She has bestowed upon them a goodly share of her riches and 
her honors. But it is not my province to go into historical 
matters: that is left for others; otherwise I might have looked 
up our kinship in the territory taken frbni this town in 1815 
and annexed to Fairhaven. In closing let me emphasize anew 
the fact that Freetown extends to all her visitors to-day a most 
cordial welcome. (Applause.) 

The Mayor of Fall River, the Honorable George 
Grime, being called upon by the Chair, responded as fol- 

MAYOR GRIME'S RESPONSE. 



Mr. President, Sons and Daughters of Freetown: It af- 
fords me great pleasure, as the chief executive of the City of 
Fall River, to be present and participate with you in the joys 
of this occasion. As has been very fittingly said by your pres- 
ident. Fall River is the daughter-city of Freetown; not merely 
in territory, through the setting off of a certain portion of your 
town in 18l»3, but because of the men and women you have 
given to us making possible whatever Fall River has achieved. 
I am very sure that every thoughtful citizen when he looks 
back, either in reading or by thinking, must take pride that 
Fall River has sprung, from such a noble town as Freetown. 
We look back with pride that Plymouth Rock was the place 
where the people from Europe, from England and the high- 
lands of vScotland came and settled; not because it was any- 

•2m 



thing compared to what has been done since, but because it 
showed the indomitable spirit of equality and freedom, which 
(we should thank God for it) exists in all true Americans. 
There is no place on the American continent that exibits that 
spirit more than this ancient town of Freetown. In the very 
name of the town was that idea incorporated which lies at the 
basis of American liberty. The free men who made their pur- 
chases of this territory were the incorporators of Freetown; and 
we citizens of Fall River, knowing these facts, look with pride 
to the old town and say, "From this people we sprung." Per- 
haps we might say that we have an advantage over the town of 
Freetown. From whence sprung you ? Who is your mother 
and father? We have a mother whom we can point to with 
pride but where is yours ? So we take pleasure in participating 
with you in the honors of this occasion. 

I want to say a few words of Fall River. We have a city 
which is fast assuming proportions which place her in the front 
rank among the cities of the world. We were only born in 
1803. When we get to your age, we hope to have as much to 
be proud of as you have. When we celebrate our 100th anni- 
versary next year, we want you to share with us in our joys. 
We have been working hard, as you know, in Fall River. When 
it was started from you, it was not rich nor powerful; but by 
zeal, industry and toil we have achieved what we have achieved. 
Notwithstanding people may sometimes say we have no history, 
we are makers of history: and we will make a histor}^ for which 
no son or daughter of Freetown will ever blush. Mills are be- 
ing erected to-day costing nearly one million of dollars; and 
we have achieved this prosperity during the years when some 
people said that Fall River was not prospering. To-day there 
is not a working man in the City of Fall River, but can find a 
place. Never in the history of the City of Fall River has it 
been more prosperous than today. I say this not to glorify 
Fall River, but to show you that the daughter-city of Freetown 
is true to the traditions you have given us, and that we are try- 
ing to prove ourselves the worthy daughter of this ancient 
town. 

In conclusion, let me say, as the chief executive of the 
City of Fall River, that I thank you, and thank those from 
whom you sprung, for the noble men and women you have 

264 



given us, and who, as 3'our president has said, are part and 
parcel of the life of our city. 

The Honorable Henry K. Braley of Fall River was 
felicitously introduced by the Chairman's reading, from a 
recent paper, of a high appreciation of Judge Braley's 
public services in his judicial office. He spoke as follows: 

JUDGE BRALEY'S ADDRESS. 



Mr. President and Ladies and Gentlemen — It was not my 
good fortune to first see the light of day within the limits of 
this ancient and historic town; but my ancestors h-ive been from 
early times connected with its history and my surname is in its 
records and its every-day life. I notice in your program that 
you have said that the speakers propose to indulge in a fund of 
anecdote. Unfortunately by my limitations I cannot be remi- 
niscential and I recognize that my stock of anecdotes is ex- 
tremely limited. But as I look about from this platform I see 
those who will undoubtedly supply what is necessary in this 
line. It is a very great pleasure and privilege to come here and 
join with you in recognizing the quiet, forceful lives of those 
who preceded us. We are here to enjoy the present and to 
look forward with hopeful anticipation to the future. It is part 
of the sociological capital of the community and it is felt among 
all the people of the world. None realize that more, and strive 
to live it, than those who founded this town and those who 
founded this nation. The significance of this week would be 
lost if it were not for the associations of environment in every 
New England town. We have not lost the racial quality and it 
must be included in right living and thinking as well as in the 
suggestions that must arise because of the facts that have made 
today possible. Some men may be distinguished above their 
fellows. There are a few people in every generation who walk 
upon the stage of national affairs and connect their names with 
legislation or diplomacy which will give them immortality; but 
the world's work has got to be done by the average man. 
Whatever may be said of the few who rise, it is true that the 
plain people go on forever. It is they who govern things. They 
make possible what we are pleased to term the progress of hu- 

365 



manity. It is they who established this township and in the 
succession of generations we enter into their labors, you and I 
and every one of us. Lately a different line of thought has 
been advanced, that by infusion of new blood the political ma- 
chine is repaired as it wears out. I confess that I am not wise 
enough to solve that problem but looking in here upon this 
gathering is it not a just comment to say that the youth of this 
town has not passed? It is to-day distinctively an Old Colony 
town. Go to the Eastern Four Corners and call the name of 
the Rounsevilles and there would be a response from a living 
man of like name. While this is true, it is equally true that the 
future must bring great changes here as elsewhere. The com- 
posite American will be made up of the blood of all the nations 
of the earth; but will be none the less distinctively American. 
He will be a son of self-government, as is this the free man's 
land and the free man's purchase. 

The men who founded this town and this nation always 
associated the practical with a high ideal, and always with the 
hard life on this soil they had the dream of days to come. Toil- 
ing away, fearful on the one hand of the forays of King Philip, 
and upon the other getting but a bare subsistence, still they 
followed that ancient dream of freedom, freedom for their 
morning star. We judge of the future by the past; and if we 
and those who succeed us are true to the principles laid down 
and practiced by the fathers, then future generations shall come 
here again to an Old Home Week and not only enjoy the work 
of those who have preceded us, but what we ourselves have 
done in securing the great blessings which they enjoy under 
this form of government. 

The Honorable Andrew J. Jennings, being called up- 
on by the Chair, responded in a speech full of pleasant 
anecdote and reminiscence. 

HON. A. J. JENNINGS' ADDRESS. 



Mr. President : I hope Judge Braley has given you a war- 
rant for this call, for I always submit when the court speaks. 

Friends of Freetown, I had not expected to address you but 
I am pleased to do so. I always had an affection for this town. 

266 



My grand-parents on my mother's side were both born here, I 
believe, or at any rate lived here. Their bodies now lie buried 
in your soil. My mother was born here and I was just think- 
ing whether I was born here or not. I was born in the old 
town of Freetown which went to the Quequechan River. I 
was born on the north side of the river and I have lived on the 
north side ever since. So I take a pride in claiming to be a son 
of Freetown. 

I have been looking about, as I sat here, to see the people 
I knew when I was a boy. Some of the pleasantest associa- 
tions of my life are associated with this town. I think it is the 
first place I ever emigrated to from Fall River. They gave me 
an old fashioned carpet-bag, (it was made of carpet) and I 
started out for my grand-mother's in Assonet. It seemed to 
me as if it was a thousand miles from the station to where she 
lived. I think by the time I was fifteen )-ears old I knew every 
huckle-berry bush around here from Jael's Bank north. They 
tell me that my grand-father (who was a sailor and went to sea 
as captain for Edmund Hathaway, the great business man of your 
town) sailed for many years and twenty-eight or twenty-nine voy- 
ages to the West Indies and never lost a sail or a spar. I came up 
here once in a sail-boat and went clamming. There was a big 
thunder storm when we came back and the result was that the boat 
capsized and we went into the river. It tore the sail and split the 
jib in two places and I was sitting astride the rudder of a boat 
full of water. Some disagreeable men told my uncle about it 
and made comparisons between me and my grand-father, the 
old captain who made twenty-nine voyages to the West Indies 
and the grandson who could not go clamming in Assonet River 
without getting shipwrecked. 

I rejoice with you in this cheerful reunion. I think it is a 
good thing to have people come back here and get acquainted 
with one another again. They are men who have gone forth 
and made their names and done their part in the building up of 
this great country and in the development of the national lite, 
and they come back to this soil from which they sprang to give 
you something of the impulse animating them, that impulse 
which is always the best and tenderest of the home associations 
which are connected with the soil from which these men sprung. 

367 



They remind me of the story of Antaeus the giant that was slain 
by Hercules. The story runs that the earth was his mother. 
Of the men who wrestled with Antseus some threw but he 
would not stay thrown ; and the secret of his strength by which 
he overcame all who came was this: Whenever he was thrown 
to the earth, this mother of his infused new courage into him 
and he arose with twice the strength he had when he fell. 
Then Hercules came along — the embodiment of physical 
power, labor and courage. Nothing could withstand him. He 
threw the giant repeatedly, who every time sprang up stronger 
and stronger; till finally Hercules raised him in his arms off the 
earth and strangled him in the air. There is a great secret 
in that story. The man comes back to mother earth and re- 
ceives new strength and life from her. Occasions like this 
bring back men from the bustle of life, causing them to think 
of what their fathers here were, and what they did. Free men 
came here and bought this wilderness when it was untravelled 
save by the Indians. They came here into the howling wilder- 
ness, cut down the trees, and tore the rocks from the soil, and 
built these stone fences. What incredible labor those fences 
represent. I had a friend here from California and no matter 
how much I directed his attention to the scenery along the 
Taunton River I could not divert his attention from the stone 
walls. It was to him the most astonishing thing. That men 
should tear rocks from the soil so that it should be cultivated 
and build those walls seemed to him unspeakable. That is 
what those men did. They listened to the yell of the savage as 
they built this village, and they developed its industries until 
in 1803 or 1804 you tore it off a few miles north of the Queque- 
chan River and it became a part of Fall River with a population 
of 108,000 people. Now in place of the war-whoop of the 
savage we have the whistle of the locomotive and what is almost 
as bad, the noise of the automobile. Now we give you the hum 
of thousands of millions of spindles. Some one dared to ac- 
complish that. Now the appeal is to the sons and descendants: 
"What are you doing up here?" Are you doing anything? My 
ancestors came here and did something to make the place better 
than they found it. My word to you is, let every man, woman 
and child try to emulate those ancestors and do something for 
the spot where we stand whether Assonet or Freetown. 

268 



The Reverend John Nichols of Seattle, Washingon, re- 
turned on a brief furlough from his Home Missionary work 
on the Pacific coast, answered the call of the Chairman. 

Mr. President: We have heard a good deal of the lawyers 
who have come from Freetown, but not much of the divines. 
They are not very numerous; just how many I do not know. 
We remember that in early times the sons of Freetown have 
not always manifested a kindly disposition toward the clerical 
profession. Looking up the records, I find not so much of 
opposition to Christianity and the church, as of impatience of 
the interference of the Bay Colony with Freetown affairs. The 
principles of our ancestors have not been forgotten. 

I did not come to speak as a minister. I want to lay off 
my black coat and white tie and be a boy again. I am more 
than pleased, I am honored, to meet again these grandsons and 
more distant descendants of the town. We are all honored. It 
is a real home festival to us to see the faces which we have so 
often seen in the past. This old soil is all familiar to us. I 
believe I could find my way around even now with my eyes 
blindfolded. Here we learned to use the oar and here we sailed 
the pond. In this old school-yard we learned to play ball and 
threw snow-balls; and we cut our names on the desks in that 
lower room. Here we heard the blue-bird sing. We used to 
have a blue-bird in a basket which we let out occasionally and 
we heard it sing. All these associations make this place dear, 
and especially, Mr. President, this opportunity of seeing old 
faces and grasping the hands we have grasped in the years 
past. In behalf of these loyal sons and daughters of Freetown 
who have come back, we want, Mr. President, to thank you for 
the welcome you have given us and for this opportunity of look- 
ing around and seeing again these familiar places and the old 
folks sitting here and the wanderers who have come back again. 
It has been no small labor, and in behalf of the returning sons 
we wish to thank you for what you have done. I do not know 
what more I can say. The New England disposition is very 
reticent. 

We love this old place because it is our own. It is the 
place where we belong; and I love it because it has not gone 
backward and has not forgotten the past. As I have come back 

269 



here in years past I have seen the improvement in this place, I 
have seen the old Four Corners changed and I have seen the 
sidewalk put in front of the door; I have seen the old houses 
painted and a public spirit that was not here when I was a boy. 
I love this town because of the men who stayed here and lived 
here and have given life to this town as boys and girls who have 
grown up here. Mr. Grime told us that Fall River was in- 
debted to us not only for the land but for the men we have sent 
to it. In this age we say that the city is the center of all things 
and is the holder of the key to the future; but the town some- 
times holds the destiny of the cities. What has made Fall River, 
Boston and New York ? What has made the professors, preach- 
ers and lawyers ? It is the country boy. We have had men 
and women who have gone forth and become powers in the 
cities of the world. We wish to express our affection for this 
old town and hope as we come from time to time we shall see 
the influence of this Old Home Week, producing still more 
power than we have seen produced in the past. 

Before the concluding music, the following letter from 
the Honorable John Hay, Secretary of State, was listened 
to by the assembly with mingled feelings of pride in the 
town's illustrious grandson, and regret at his absence. 

Department of State, 
Dear Sir: — Washington, April 1(1, 1903. 

I have received your letter of the 14th of April, enclosing 
a programme of the Old Home Festival of Freetown, and am 
greatly touched and flattered by your kind invitation. 

It would be a great pleasure to me to be with you during 
the coming summer, *but, as I have already explained to Senator 
Hoar, who kindly reinforced your invitation with his own 
authoritative and influential words, it is entirely beyond my 
power to make any such engagements. My time is fully oc- 
cupied, and what little strength I have is subject to greater 
drafts than I can honor. I can, therefore, only thank you most 
sincerely for your kindness, and express my profound regret 
that I cannot this year make the pious pilgrimage to which you 
invited me. 

I am, with very many thanks. 

Sincerely yours. 
Rev. Leonard W. Bacon, (Signed) JOHN HAY. 

Assonet, Mass. 

370 



Promptly after the conclusion of the Mancinet in the 
Town Hall, served by Caterer X'ictor (jelb of Providence, 
R. I., and partaken of by 4ihi people, the Chair Avas a<rain 
taken in the North Church by the President of tlie day. 
In a few apt words he introduced the ( )rator, Curtis (Tuild, 
Junior, of Boston, who was _L;'rceted with an cntliusiastic 
welcome bv the thron'''ed assembly. 



THE ORATION BY CURTIS GUILD, JR,, OF BOSTON. 

The Puritan's Contribution to American Citizenship. 

Like most strong nations, the United States is of mixed 
stock. Latin and Kelt and Teuton built up the Roman Em- 
pire; Ph(enician and Roman and Gaul and Frank mingle in the 
Frenchman; Briton and Dane and Saxon bred the Englishman. 

To which of these can it 
be said that the Amer- 
ican owes nothing ? 

Washington, Adams, 

Lafayette, Carroll, 

Schuyler, Pulaski, \"on 

Steuben, Paul Jones; 

it needs but to name the 

men of the Revolution 

to remind us that the 

blood not of Iilngland, 

Scotland, and Ireland 

on]}', but of well-nigh 

every nation of Europe, 

flowed from the first 

in the veins of the young 

republic. The roots of 

the tree spread far 

asunder, the trunk is 

CURTIS GUILD, JR Upright and one. 

Romance has gilded the settlement of Florida and Canada. 

The glittering conqucstaiior with 'morion and arquebus, the 

brave coitrciir dc bois in blanket and buskin, are romantic 

371 




figures beside whom the settler of New England, the serious 
Puritan in sombre brown and gray, cuts an inconspicuous and 
perhaps unpleasing figure. Polite literature has been none too 
kind to him. 

Shakespeare caricatured the Puritans in Malvolio; old 
Burton in his Anatomy of Melancholy could find no better terms 
for them than "rude, illiterate, capricious, base fellows." The 
one quotation by which Lord Macauley is best known is the 
smart sentence in which he declares that the Puritans "did not 
believe in bear-baiting; not because it gave pain to the bear but 
because it gave pleasure to the spectators." Even Charles 
Dickens speaks of them as "an uncomfortable people, who 
thought it highly meritorious to dress in a hideous manner." 

Though the Puritans and the memory of them thus for 
generations afforded material for those who pander to the 
thoughtless with caricature, lampoon and idle jest, yet their 
work and their fame is safe, secured in that consciousness of 
right that the Latin proverb-maker declared to be a brazen wall 
against the shafts of slander. Song and play and ballad may 
chant the praises of the Cavalier, but history belongs to his 
conqueror. 

The cavaliers who rode so bravely behind Prince Rupert 
and King Charles have left us a world of romance, but it was 
the stern faced followers of John Knox and John Hampden, the 
Scottish Covenanter and the English Puritan, who overthrew 
the tyranny of kings and left us no legacy, indeed, in the realm 
of fancy but sound, hard facts in the shape of the rights of the 
people, the very foundation of the structure of this Republic. 

The gentlemen who sought a Western Golconda at James- 
town called themselves Adventurers. The plain people who 
first sought the shores of bleak New England we know as Pil- 
grims. The Adventurers came to the New World to seek their 
fortune ; the Pilgrims and Puritans to earn it. No weak-hearted 
wail went up from bleak New England at her early sufferings. 
Hunger, cold and savages could not turn these brave hearts 
from their purpose. When the biting New England Winter 
found them without further supply of food, they gathered the 
acorns from the woods, the clams and mussels from the beaches, 
and glorified God, to use the old words, "who had given them 

272 



to suck of the abundance of the seas and of treasure hid in the 
sands." 

To understand the Puritan it is necessary to understand 
the times that gave him birth. He was not merely the follower 
of a religious creed that differed from the one originally accepted 
in Europe. Indeed, though the first few shiploads of New 
England settlers were agreed, the English Puritans as a body 
differed widely among themselves, both as to creed and church 
government. Some were Independents, or Congregationalists, 
some were Presbyterians, and John Milton was a Socinian or 
what would now be called a Unitarian. The bond that held 
these Englishmen most firmly together, indeed, was union in 
a rebellion, not so much against the religious creed of the Es- 
tablished Church of England as against the social and moral 
conditions of the day. The Hundred Years' War and the Wars 
of the Roses had utterly demoralized the English people. The 
rise of Parliament and popular government, which had grown 
to such a height under Richard II., had been not only checked 
but cut down. England was less free in the sixteenth century 
than she had been in the fourteenth. The Tudors were despots 
almost as truly as the Romanoffs. France had become a mere 
field for plunder and murder by Englishmen and their allies. 
When Shakespeare, even in his day, speaks of "infants quar- 
tered by the hands of war," he is not using his imagination. 
He is describing what ordinarily occurred at the sack of a city. 
The France that Joan of Arc freed from Eiiglish rule was in- 
finitely more wretched than Cuba under Spanish rule. 

Queen Elizabeth was personally a patron of bull-baiting 
and bear-baiting. So, in her day, were most people. The 
Maypole, a relic of the most depraved worship of all paganism, 
was no mere excuse for an innocent dance, but the centre of the 
vilest debauchery. The Merry Mount and its Maypole at Wol- 
laston was as vile as the so-called Merry Monarch who ruled 
England under the name of Charles II., and the world was 
the better when both were removed. 

The Puritans turned to the Bible, not only because they 
loved its teachings, but because under Henry VIII., it was 
almost the only book a decent man could read. The foulest 
tales of debauchery, universally circulated, formed the only 

373 



popular literature, and aided to debase popular morality. The 
Lord's Day was invaded not by sports alone, but by the wildest 
license. The laborer, moreover, could not legally enjoy even 
that day of rest unless his master chose. Public office went by 
favor; an ex-highwayman was made chief justice, and kings 
and queens fitted out the ships of pirates and shared their booty. 

This was the social structure which the Puritan faced and 
to which he struck the first shattering blow. His faults were 
patent. He was intolerant in an intolerant age. He was, 
however, something more than a bigoted sectary who hanged 
witches and persecuted Quakers. He was a citizen, to whom 
the duty of citizenship was a second religion. The citizen who 
came late to the early New England town meetings, the citizen 
who neglected to attend, was regarded not only morally but 
legally as a criminal and was fined as such. The Puritan ac- 
cepted the privilege of liberty only as a responsibility, appre- 
ciating, as his descendants too often fail to appreciate, how 
hardly those privileges were won. 

His was the cause of the plain man against the tyrant, the 
honest man against the rogue, the virtuous man against the 
rake, the patriot against the plunderer. Faults he had in com- 
mon with poor humanity of all ages, but it may at least be said 
that he was simple in an age of extravagance, austere in the 
midst of debauchery, honest though ruled by corruption, and 
sincere though subject to a succession of sovereigns constant 
in nothing but the pursuit of their own selfish desires. 

Such were the makers of New England; such the men to 
whom we of New England owe more than our country. The 
greatest heritage they have left us is not the territory they took 
from the Indians, as the Indians had taken it from the Skrael- 
ings. They left us their greatest gifts, the New England town 
meeting and the New England conscience; popular government 
and the control of self that makes it possible. 



The following is the Festival Poem, read, at the 
author's request, by the Secretary : 



274 



OUR OLD HOME. 



A FREETOWN BALLAD. 



When this new world was wild and strange 

Beyond our skill in showing, 
To Puritan and Pilgrim bands 

It furnished room for growing. 
Their proper sphere they found amid 

Its rude, ungoverned places, 
With freedom's air on ever)- side 

And earth in ample spaces. 
One trait in common they displayed — 

These sensible crusaders ; 
Soldiers and scholars, scribes, divines, 

All, were a race of traders. 
A continent at market price 

Was here about them lying, 
And well their talents they employed 

In bartering and buymg. 
A few of them were hither sent, 

To make reports to others 
Concerning certain lands this way 

Possessed by Indian brothers. 
The)' came and made their errand known. 

Debating long upon it 
With Weetamoe, a native queen. 

And sachems 'round Assonet. 
At length the parties came to terms; 

And then our bargain-makers 
Gave "broadcloth, kettles, rugs and hoes" 

And took exchange in acres. 
And thus "ye ancient freemen's lots" 

Were duly bought and granted, 
And soon the settlers of the soil 

Their fields had cleared and planted. 
And while beneath the sun and showers 

Their crops of grain were growing, 
They caught and trained the running brooks 

To set their mill-wheels going. 
Their homes they scattered up and down 

These hills and winding waters, 
Where they abode with thrifty wives 

And troops of sons and daughters. 
27.5 



They venerated gospel rule, 

And young and old together 
Attended church each Sunday through 

In every phase o£ weather. 
The lavsfS they held in high esteem, 

And kept the statutes truly, 
With stocks and whipping-post at hand 

To punish the unruly. 
The schools were taught by men of zeal 

Their business well discerning, 
Who freely scourged the pupils up 

The rugged heights of learning. 
And so the early people wrought — 

The men of common station 
Who helped to launch this ship of state 

And found a mighty nation. 
And from our stalwart pioneers 

The hardy sons descending 
Through passing centuries here have dwelt. 

Their qniet fortunes tending. 
And if at morn they followed forth 

Ambition's eager calling, 
They longed to turn their footsteps back, 

As evening's shades were falling. 
And thus the village grew, and kept 

Its homes of love and duty. 
Where Nature with a liberal hand 

Dispensed her gifts of beauty. 
As fair a spot it seems, to those 

With all its charms acquainted, 
As that "sweet Auburn," known to fame, 

That English Goldsmith painted. 
And, touched by years, its gentle scenes 

Are grown historic places. 
Where children of the age have come 

To seek the fathers' traces. 
Then let the modern stage withdraw 

To hold its court hereafter, 
While old-time memories blend with all 

Our speech and song and laughter. 
And one in spirit, faith and works 

With those who went before us, 
A kindred clan, we hail the day, 

And join in heartfelt chorus. 



276 



After the spirited singing of the Ode written by Mr. 
Herbert E. Hathaway, a grandson of Freetown, a brief 
time remained before the appointed hour of adjournment, 
which, it was felt by all, could not be better occupied than 
in listening to our representatives in the national Congress 
and in the Senate of Massachusetts. The first to be called 
on by the Chairman was the Honorable W. S. Greene, 
M. C, of Fall River. 

ADDRESS OF HON. W. S. GREENE. 



Ladies and Gentlemen : I cannot come to you as a citizen 
belonging to Freetown but I have lived so long with a daughter 
of Freetown that I must be acclimated. A few months ago I was 
called upon to speak at a meeting of the Loyal Legion held in 
Washington, and was called as a son of Rhode Island. I was 
a descendant of General Nathaniel Greene and was consequently 
at home with many members of the Loyal Legion. I could 
respond here as well as there but not as a son of Rhode Island. 
My father was a native of Rhode Island, my mother a native 
of Ohio. They were married in Minnesota, and I was born in 
Illinois. But I have lived in Fall River since 1844 and I claim 
to be very near to the citizens of Fall River and this common- 
wealth. 

Consider this country as it was at the time of my earliest 
recollections. I remember the first train of steam cars that 
went out of Fall River in 1845, the visit of James K. Polk on 
July 5th, 1S4:7, and the men who went from this section in 184'.) 
to California. I was calling upon a daughter of Freetown a few 
days ago, and she showed me a photograph of some of the men 
who went to California in 1849. I recognized three of them 
men — whom I knew very well, William C. Strobridge, James 
M. Strobridge and Dr. Hathaway. That old photograph 
brought back some very pleasant recollections. All my early 
associations were those who came from Freetown. I thought 
to myself as I rode through this beautiful town a few days 
ago what beautiful things surrounded it and how quiet it all 
was. I strolled by the shore and I found there the hum of in- 
dustry. I had never been interested in the gun-shop before, 
but it showed that you had the idea which has permeated all 

277 



this section,— the creating o£ industr)- and the providing of em- 
ployment for the people. So I found this gun-shop where they 
make the implements not of warfare, but of peaceful sport. 

In General Guild's remarks he told us of cases of heroism 
and my attention was called recently to such a case. You all 
recall the 17th of March when the great disaster occurred on 
Cape Cod, when the men of the Monomoy life-saving crew 
started to rescue men from the wreck of a vessel. Eight of 
them went out to rescue five, and took their lives in their hands. 
These duties come to men every day and they came to those 
eight men who went out to save five others. One daring in- 
trepid man saw another clinging to the boat in those treach- 
erous waters. He found a dory and threw it into the water but 
it had no oars. He improvised oars and found that there were 
no oar-locks. He improvised oar-locks and started out into the 
waters. Someone said to him, "Don't put that boat into the 
water; don't get into that boat. If you get in you will lose 
your life. It is dangerous for you to go; you will never come 
back." The answer came back, "I can go;" and go he did, and 
rescued the sole survivor of that terrible disaster. So heroes 
live today, even while we move about in our usual vocations. 
Heroes come and heroes take up the battle of life and when 
these duties come to them they do not hesitate. We speak 
sometimes, as our friend did of the work of the Pilgrims. We 
today are following out the lines which they followed. They 
came to this shore that they might find freedom; and when 
they found it they were not contented; they wanted someone 
else to enjoy what they possessed. Today we welcome to our 
shores people from all the world. We establish* oiir public 
schools and we provide for their education. We teach them 
that they can come from other shores and enjoy the blessings 
of liberty under the laws and constitution of the United States. 
So our duty is to-day to hold up higher the privileges and op- 
portunities of an American citizen. We find today men in all 
walks of life who might make great successes in any line of 
business; many of whom sacrifice time, abilities and give up 
great incomes which they might enjoy, that they may serve you 
and me and all their fellow citizens. Look at the vast number 
in public life and in the cabinet of our country. And all around 
us we find those who have made the sacrifice and deprived 

378 



themselves of enjoyment with their families that they may build 
np this great country and nation and strengthen the institutions 
for which the great sacrifice was made one hundred years ago. 
The sacrifices of that time are not the sacrifices of to-day. But 
the sacrifices of those who gave up their health, their strength 
and perhaps their lives, mean for tis great blessings, great priv- 
ileges and great enjoyment. (Applause.) 

The few minutes remaining before the appointed hour 
of closing were gladly conceded to the Honorable Rufus 
A. vSoule, of New Bedford, President of the Massachusetts 
Senate. 

ADDRESS OF HON. RUFUS A. SOULE. 



Mr. President: I heard you say a few minutes ago that 
you wanted to close at 4 o'clock. I feel somewhat as an orator 
on a certain occasion might have felt. When he arose to speak 
he asked, "What shall I speak about ?" "About two minutes," 
came the answer from the audience. 

I am glad to be here today. It has been an enjoyable day 
because I have met many friends and have learned (what I knew 
before) that Freetown is one of the grandest towns in this com- 
monwealth of ours. I knew that it was a beautiful village and 
had done wonderful things, but I never realized that the neigh- 
boring city owed its entire being to its being built up by the 
good people of Freetown. Every one here today is proud of 
this grand old town. We are told sometimes that when dis- 
tinguished men visit our cities the mayor or the chairman of 
the day rises and says, "We extend to you the freedom of the 
city." In this case the very name of the town extends it 
without any mayor or board of selectmen. It is a grand good 
name. For the last seven years men have come down from 
this town to my city, men sent by the party to which I have the 
honor to belong and have voted for me as a candidate for 
senator. If this is such a grand town, how proud the men 
should be whom the citizens have selected to represent them in 
the general court. I am proud of the fact that men of this town 
went into the voting places and voted for me without regard to 
their political affiliations. In my army days I followed the 
colonel of the regiment who rode a black horse, but I went on 

279 



foot aad carried a musket. I remember good men in that 
regiment from Freetown. I remember Captain Marble and his 
stirring words, and I am glad to remember him and to come to 
his town and join with you in this celebration. 

My friends, my time is up. I am going to stop. But I 
will tell you what my text would be if I were to talk longer. 
It would be the first four lines of the ode which has been sung 
and which commences 'How shall we be'st the work complete?' 
To you much has been given and of you much shall be required. 
See to it that the generations which are to come have the same 
reason to look back and point with pride to their ancestors as 
we have to ours. 

At the brief Concert in the evening, the old churcli 
was, if possible, even more densely thronged than during 
the day. Sustained by the organ, the Festival Chorus was 
in excellent voice and heart in the two choruses from 
Bishop. And it is safe to say that few who heard Mr. 
Rowland's charming sympathetic singing of that "old- 
home" song. The Old Oaken Bucket, and the brilliant 
violin playing of Miss Purrington, will easily forget the 
performance, or will remember it otherwise than with 
delight. The generous assistance of these accomplished 
musicians filled up the debt of obligation which they had 
already laid upon our town by their former kindness. 

At the close of this hour of music, the sky was already 
dark enough for the display of fireworks. The hill-top in 
the rear of the church was an excellent point of vantage 
from which they could be seen in almost every part of the 
village ; and for an hour, in rapid succession, without in- 
terruption or accident or delay, a brilliant suite of pieces 
was fired. 

Altogether, a more completely successful popular 
celebration than this it is difficult to imagine. And in no 
part of it had the town better reason to be proud, than in 
the perfect orderliness and dignity of the great concourse 
in attendance through the entire day. Not a single in- 
cident occurred in the whole of it, to he remembered with 

380 



regret. Not long after nine o'clock in the evening, the 
last rocket had burst in the sky, and the last Catherine- 
wheel had fizzed and sputtered and exploded ; and except 
for the happy gatherings in many a home, the village had 
settled down into its customary quiet. 



At a meeting of the Freetown Old Home Festival 
Executive Committee, held at Assonet Village, Tuesday 
evening August 12, 1902, the following preamble and 
resolutions were unanimously adopted : 

Whereas, The Freetown Old Home Festival held at As- 
sonet Village July 30, 1902 proved to be an enjoyable occasion; 
and one that will be long and very pleasantly remembered by 
all who attended the same; and 

Whereas, Much of the pleasure of the day centered in the 
afternoon exercises at the Old North Church where Mr. Curtis 
Guild, Jr. of Boston delivered the oration ; and 

Whereas, His ready flow of instructive and highly enter- 
taining language contributed so largely to the happiness of the 
occasion; therefore be it 

Resolved, That the Committee for itself, for the Town of 
Freetown, and in behalf of all in attendance most heartily 
thanks Mr. Guild for his valued assistance. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to Mr. 
Guild, and that they be published in the Historical Souvenir 
Volume. 

JOHN M. DEANE, 

Chairman. 
Leonard W. Bacon, 

Secretary. 

Also at this meeting, it was unanimously voted that 
the thanks of the Committee be extended to each person 
who rendered valuable services in connection with the Old 
Home Day, July 30, 1902. 



381 



INDEX. 



Address— Maj. John M. Deane 
Hon. George Grime 
Hon. Henry K. Braley 
Hon. A. J. Jennings 
Rev. John Nichols 
Hon. W. S. Greene 
Hon. Rufus A. Soule 

Ashley, Capt. Albert B. 

Assessors, List of 

ASSONET RIVER 

Assonet River, Map of . 

Bacon, Rufus 

Battelle, Hezekiah 

Battle of Freetown 

Bosworth, Lieut. Charles G. 

Braley, Dr. Bradford 

Braley, Judge Henry K. 

Briggs, Dr. Charles A. 

Briggs, Capt. Chester W. 

Bristol County 

Bullock, Dr. Jesse 

Bump, Dr. Thomas 

Burbauk, Rev. John 

Burr, Capt. Jame^ W. 

Carpenter, Dr. William 

CHURCH HISTORY 

Church, Christian 

Congregational 

CLAMBAKE, THE ASSONET 

Clerks, List of Town 

Cudworth, Capt. Darius A. 

Cushman, Hercules 

Deane, Major John M. 

Deane, Mary Gray 

Deed of Freemen's Purchase 

Duffee, Lieut. George 

East Freetown 



PAGE 

261 
263 
365 
266 
269 
377 
379 

82 
144 
306 
204 
118 
118 
316 

83 
129 
131 
131 

84 
318 
124 
136 
344 

85 
124 

39 
343 
345 

50 
135 

86 
118 

88 

96 
213 
113 
231 



283 



Eddy, William H. . 119 

Fairs, Assonet ... 031 

Fire Department . . 288 

Francis, Lieut. Humphrey A. .97 

FREEMEN'S PURCHASE Ye ,3 

Freemen's Purchase, Deed of . 213 

Freetown, Battle of . , . ojg 

Freetown, Population 219 

Valuation, 1831 . 319 

1861 2211 

1903 . , , 230 

FREETOWN, MASS., 1083-1780 11 

General Notes , . . . 243 

Gilbert's Letter, Col. Thomas 215 

Gold Fever .... 237 

Governor .... 1,5,") 

Governor's Council, List of Members 1,5,5 

Gun Manufactory .... lfi."i 

Haskins, Sergeant Charles R. ,97 

Haskins, Lieut. Urial M. . .99 

Haskins, Lieut. Ephraim H. 113 

Hathaway, Washington . .117 

Hathaway, Joseph . 119 

Hatheway, Elnathan P. ... 120 

Hatheway, Nicholas . 120 

Hatheway, Dr. Nicholas .125 

Hatheway, Dr. Edmund V. . 129 

Hathtway, Dr. Joseph C. . . . 129 

Holmes George B. N. . 117 

INDENTURE, AN . .27 

INDUSTRIES . 1.58 

Lawton, Chief Engineer Elbridge . . ,100 

Lawton, Chief Engineer Andrew , 101 

LAWYERS . .117 

Leonard, William A. . 117 

LIBRARY, GUILFORD H. HATHAWAY . 69 

Liverraore, Harriet ... 28 

Map of Assonet River 204 

Marble, Capt. John W. . 103 

Mariners . . , . 196 

Masters of Vessels . 202 

Mathewson, Capt. James R. .113 

MILITARY HISTORY . 72 
Ministers, List of 

Town Church . . .46 

Assocet Baptist Church 46 

Assonet Christian Church 46 

Assonet North Church 48 
283 



Jlorton, Judge James M. 
Jlorton, Governor ilarcus 
Morton, Rev. Albert G. 
Muster Ground 

Ode, by Herbert E. Hathaway 
OLD HOME FESTIVAL 
Oration, — Curtis Guild, Jr. 
Pastimes 

Pickens, George W. 
Pierce, Gen. Ebenezer W. 
Poem, — "Our Old Home" 
PHYSICIANS 
Postmasters, List of 
Railroad Accidents 
Read, Capt. William 
Representatives, List of 
Resolutions of the Executive Committee 
Richmond, Col. Silas P. 
RECORD AND TRADITION 
Roads, Good 
Sayles, Lieut. John A. 
SCHOOL HISTORY 
School Committee, List of 
Selectmen, List of 
Senators, List of 
SHIPPING INDUSTRY 
Shipping and Commerce 
SLAVE TRADE IN FREETOWN 
Soldiers' Graves, List of 
Sproat, Dr. Henry H 
Store, Old Corner 
Temperance Societies 
Tinkham, Ensign H. Elbridge 
Town Records, From the 
Transportation, Early 
Later 
Treasurers, List of 
Turner, Dr. John 

Vessels Hailing from Freetown, List of 
War Movement of Revolution, First 
Wetherell, Capt. Hiram B. 
Wilkinson, Ezra 
Williams, Capt George D. 
Wmslow, Lieut. George H. 





122 




157 




157 




328 




258 




250 




271 




226 




248 




103 




275 




133 




152 




224 




106 




153 




281 




107 




212 




225 




118 




53 




149 




135 




155 




170 




192 




25 




114 




130 




225 




238 




110 




221 




221 




223 




135 




134 




174 




215 




114 




119 




111 




113 



384 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Barnaby Homestead 

Barnaby, Residence of Mrs. Samuel S. 

Briggs, Residence of Dr. C. A. 

Burt, Residence of Dea. Benj. 

Christian Church, E. Freetown 

Christian Church and Parsonage 

Clambake Grove 

Congregational Church 

Congregational Parsonage 

Dean, Residence of William 

Deane, Residence of Maj. John M. 

East Bridge 

Four Corners, Looking North 

Four Corners, Looking South 

Francis, Residence of Ralph H. 

Freetown Records, Facsimile 

Gilbert, Home of Col. Thomas 

Grist Mill at Tisdale's Dam 

Gun Manufactory 

Hathaway, Homestead of Capt. Welcome 

Library 

Morton, Birthplace of Governor 

Old Man of Joshua's Mountain 

Pierce, Residence of Gen. E. W. 

PORTRAITS — 

Aiken, B. F. . 

Allen, Capt. Granville S. 

Ashley, Capt. Albert B. 

Bacon, Rev. L. W. 

Balchelor, Rev. Benjamin 

Bosworth, Lieut. Chas. G. 

Boynton, Rev. Francis H. 

Braley, Charles 

Briggs, Dr. Charles A. 

Briggs. Lieut. Chester W. 

Bump, Dr. Thomas 

Burns, Paul M. 

Burr, Capt. James W. 

Burt, Dea. Benjamin 

Burbank, Rev. John 

285 



(i 

4!) 

i:!3 

37 

43 

41 

50 

44 

41 

68 

93, 94, 95 

l.js 

169 

169 

199 

222 

15 

161 

165 

191 

69 

156 

9 

104 

51 

151 

83 

29 

83 

S3 

48 

143 

131 

84 

126 

164 

85 

37 

244 



PORTRAITS — Continued 
Canada, Rev. P. A. 
Crowell, Mrs. J. F. 
Cudworth, Capt. Darius A. 
Cudworth, George B. 
Davis, N. R. 
Davis, N. W. 
Davis, AV. A . 

Deane, John JI. 
Deane, Lieut. John M. 
Deane, ilajor John M. 
Deane, Mary Gray 
Duncan, Rev. A. G. 
Evans, John H. . 
Evans, Philip H. 
Francis, I^ieut. Humphrey A. 
Francis, Ralph H, 
Guild, Curtis, Jr. . 
Hall, George W. 
Haskins, Lieut. Urial JL 
Hathaway, Capt. Welcome 
Hathaway, Alden, Jr. 
Hathaway, Guilford H. 
King, Sinia AV. 

Lauton, Chief Engineer Elbridge 
Leeburn, Thomas 
Marble, Capt. John AV. 
Morton, Rev. Albert G. 
Morton, Gov. Marcus 
Nichols, Dr. Thomas G . 
Nichols, Gilbert M. 
Pickens, George AA' . 
Pierce, Gen. Ebenezer AA'. 
Pierce, Palo Alto 
Plummer, Rev. Frederic 
Plummer, Rachael H. 
Porter, Nathaniel, 
Read, Capt. AA'ashington, 
Read, Capt. William 
Richmond, Col. Silas P. 
Sproat, Dr. Henry H. 
Taylor Rev. James 
Taylor, Joseph S. 
Tinkham, Ensign H. Elbridge, 
AVashburn, Reuel, 
Wilson, John D. 
Williams, Capt. George D. 
AA'inslow, Lieut, (ieorge H. 

2S(i 



47 

71 

86 

143 

leo 

1(17 
167 
261 

HH 
,S!) 

48 
14;', 
14S 

!)7 
168 
271 
l.")! 

!IU 
17;^ 
151 

70 

o7 
100 

53 
103 
] r,(i 

156 
12S 
14:-! 
24S 
103 
134 

33 

33 
227 
19,S 
106 
107 
130 

33 
134 
110 
151 

71 
111 
113 



Read, Residence of Capt. Washington . . 199 

Richmond Residence . . 108 

Richmond Landing . . . 109 

Saw Mill at Tisdale's Dam . . . 160 

South Main Street ... 3 

South School 'House, Old . . 64 

Taylor, Residence of J. S. . . . 134 

Town House, Old . . .61 

Town Hall .... 133 

Winslow House . . .19 



28j 






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