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Cornell University Library 
F 129W35 D59 

Directory of the Village 9,» Way.'SPiS i '^'^ 


3 1924 028 826 738 


The original of tiiis book is in 
tine Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



: OF THE : 



at the beginning of the 
twenth<:tii century, a. d. 


^ ,, WAYLAND, N. Y. 





JANUARY, 1 90 1. 


B — Removals and business changes since the beginning o£ the year are not noted. The 
Wk denotes that the person has died since Jan. i. The dagger denotes that the person re- 
putside of the corporation limits, 

William E. b 16 Sullivan 
Baldwin, Lilly, Mrs. 45 Lincoln 

William, 1 h do 

Barnum, Belle, Mrs. b Steuben House 
Barnum, Cordie, 1 h 7 Pine 
*Margaret E. Mrs. do 
Murray, 1 b 49 N Main 
Newton, Mason b Steuben House 
Barth, Charles F. 1 h 28 S Main 

Susie J. Mrs. do 

Otto & Co. h 8 Water 
Ann E. do 

Arthur, Carpenter b do 
Borden, 1 b do 

Delbert, Ex. Driver b do 
Mae, Mrs. do 

Bartz, Addie M. Mrs. 9 S Main 
Earl, do 

Nellie, do ' 

William, 1 h do 

:ms, Almond J. Rert'd, h 7 Fremont, 
"mma A., Mrs. 15 Hamilton. 
Floyd, Antique Furniture, Buffalo 
.BRAMS, GLEN D. Barber 21 N. Main h 15 
Noble, S. Painter, b 7 Fremont. 
Lcker, Frank, 58 S. Main 
George do 

jjflattie do 

*'feusan L. Mrs. do 
I - William F,l.h. do 
\ckley, Sarah C. Mrs. 34 Lincoln 
^dams, Charles B, Clerk G. S. Davis, b 39 N. 
Ella, Mrs. 20 E. Naples 
Jay W. 1. h. do 
Ames, Agnes M., 43 Lincoln 
Anna M. Mrs. do 

Ward C. Fireman, h do 
A.ris, Anne, Mrs. 36 E. Naples 
John do 

Michael 1 h do 

Michael, Jr. do 

(Armstrong, John 1 b 34 Lincoln 

Thomas, 1 h do 

;Avery, Arch, 1 h 83 E. Naples 
JCelia, Mrs. do 

JC. Stillman, Farmer, roo Lack'a 
WERY, JOHN Livery, Bryant House, h 2 
W. 'Naples 
tLucinda B. Mrs. 100 Lack'a 


3 ibcock. Minnie E. Mrs. wid. b 5 Cass 

Minnie E. Teacher, b do 

Jadeau, Walter, Tel. Operator P. S. & N. b 

Locke's Hotel 
iailey, George E. Farmer, h 125 Lack'a 
:|:Maud E. Mrs. do 

Iprissa, 14 Filmore 
Timothy A. Ret'd h 14 Filmore 
"%R, BERTRAM J. Dentist, Patchin 
___, Block, h 26 W. Naples 
Louisa M. Mrs. do 
irjet L. do 

|RRITT H. Sewing Machines, h 

b 16 E Naples 

ifBeal, Frank, 1 b:i36 Lack'a 

^:David W. 1 b do 

:;Hannah, Mrs. do 

IJohn G. 1 h do 

I Raymond G do 

Becker, Arthur E. 65 E. Naples 

David T. Truck Gardner do 

Esther E. do 

Florence E. do 

Karl E. do 

Lorena M. do 

Mary E. Mrs do 

Beeman, Eva M. Mrs, 39 Lack'a 

Harley R. 1 b 23 Lack'a 

Harvey, H. 39 Lack'a 

Helen F. Teacher, 23 Lack'a 

Iris E. 39 Lack'a 

Isabelle, Mrs. h 23 Lack'a 

Nina C. Stenographer, ;3 Lack'a 

Percy, 1 h 39 Lack'a 

Reitz F. 39 Lack'a 
Belman, Arthur F. 24 Lincoln 

Daisy J. 16 S Wayland 

George A. 1 h do 

Lilly M. Mrs, 24 Lincoln 

Susie E. Mrs. 16 S Wayland 

Thomas, 1 h 24^Lincoln 
Bennett, Albert G. Engineer h 37 S Wayland 

Alida B. Mrs. Dressmaking, 13 E Naples 

Angelina W. wid. h to Filmore 

Bertha B. Mrs. 37 S Wayland 



First National Bank 

or WAYLAND, N. Y. 

Capital, - $50,000 

William W. Clark, President, 

Martin KImmel, Vice President, 

John J. Morris, Cashier. 


J. A. mil, A. L. Morley, Martin Kimmel, 

W. W. Clark, H. V. Pratt, Lola C. Jervis, 

B. C. Patchin, W. W. Capron, Jr. John J. Morris,. 



Frank L. Bookkeeper lo Fillmore 
Guy B. 37 S Way land 

Homer L. 37 S Way land 
James G. Ret'd h 8 Filmore 
BENNfeTT, JOHN A. Mgr. Ferrin Bros, h 

13 E. Naples. 

Lawrence B. Billing elk D. L. & W. b 10 
Bevins, Sophia, Mrs. wid. 14 Filmore 
Bigelow, Helen W, Mrs. wid. b 14 S Main 
Bill, Amelia L. 52 W. Naples 
BILL, CHRISTIAN C. Lawyer 18 E. Naples, 
h 18 E. Naples. 

Clarence, 1 b 20 S Main 

Clyde, 3 Milliman 

Eva L. do 

Flora M. 52 W Naples 

George J. Farmer, h W. Naples 
)g,.r Harriet, Mrs. 3 Milliman 

Henry J. 1 h do 
^ Lena M. 52 W. Naples 
■6 Leonard J. 3 Milliman 

Louisa, Mrs. wid. h 3 Sullivan 
Blymehl, Christian, 1 h 2 S Main 

Katharine, Mrs. do 

Bowers, Grace M. 71 E. Naples 

Harriet R. Mrs. do 

Harry S, Clerk J. I. Sterner b 71 E Naples 

John, 1 h do 

BRANCH & SON, Lumber Yard and Planing 

Mill, Maple St, 
BRANCH, CLARENCE G. Mgr. Branch & 

Son, b 12 Lack'a 
^Braunschweig, Erwin 118 Lack'a 

JGrant do 

IJacob, Jr. Farmer h do 

JNellie. Mrs. do 

|Roy do 

Brockway, Ruth, b 12 Lack'a 
Brown, Charles A. 1 h i Water 

Cora I. Mrs. 27 S Wayland 

Edith L. do 

Ernest M do 

Estella, Mrs. i Water 

James A. 27 S Wayland 

John, Painter, b 15 S Main 

John T. 1 h 27 S Wayland 

LeRoy D i Water 
BRYANT HOUSE, Hotel, 13 N. Main, Otto 

F. Leider, Prop. 
Bryant, Belle, 9 N. Scott 

Lydia Ann, Mrs. wid. h N. Scott 
Bunnell, Idella, 5 Lincoln 
Bush, Jane, Mrs. wid, h 7 S Main 
Button. Bertha, 32 E. Naples 

ifHenry H. 1 h 95 E. Naples 

tVioletta L. Mrs. do 

Campbell, Bernard, 31 E. Naples 
Clara, Mrs. 33 E. Naples 
Collins C. 1 h 31 E. Naples 
Edward J. do 

Ellen do 

Hugh do 

Karl D. Clk Morley, Carpenter and Co. b 

31 E. Naples 
L. Reginald, 33 E. Naples 
Mary, Mrs. 31 E. Naples 
Mary B. do 

Mildred do 

William do 

^rCanfield, Charles B. 1 b 84 Lack'a 

t Henry F. 1 h do 

Canute, George, 1 b 49 S Main 

Olin, 1 b do 

Capron, Charles A. Farmer, h 73 E. Naples 
Dessa L. Mrs. 49 E. Naples 
Emma T. Mrs. 15 W. Naples 
Eva E. Mrs. 73 E. Naples 
Lloyd G. 49 E. Naples 
Louis J. 1 h do 
Sallie W. Mrs. 8 S. Scott 
Sarah D. Mrs. wid. b 73 E. Naples 
Theodore J. 8 S Scott 
Wilbur W. Port Warden, i Broadway, N. 
Y. City, h T5 W. Naples 
CAPRON, WILEY W. Produce 59 N Main h 

8 S. Scott 
Carpenter, Clara W. Mrs. 4 Sullivan 

Edwin A. Agr'l Impt's, h do 
CARPENTER, LUCIEN D. Merchant, Mor- 
ley, Carpenter & Co b 4 Sullivan 
Rosetta E. _ do 

Cay wood, Florence L. 11 S. Main 
James B. do 

Lilla E. B. Mrs. do 

William S. Bookkeeper Inc. Co. h 11 S 
CLARK & PRATT, Attorneys, 6 N Main 

William W. Clark, Henry V. Pratt 
Clark, Edna, 28 S Main 

Hattie M. Mrs. 20 Hamilton 
Margaret, 28 S Main 
William H. Clerk, First Nat'l Bank, b 20 
CLARK, WILLIAM W. Lawyer, Clark & 
Pratt, Dist. Att'y Pres. First Nat'l Bk. 
h 20 Hamilton 
Clayton, Edna H. 42 S Main 
Leo B. do 

Mary A. Mrs. do 
William B, 1 h do 
demons, Clark, 1 h 2 Lack'a 
Cora E. do 

Elizabeth M. Mrs. do 
Cochrane, Belle, Mrs. 5 N Scott 
Chester A. do 

Robert W. do 

William H 1 h do 

Cody, Frank D. Tinsmith, b Bryant House 
COHN & FRIEDMAN, Clothiers 6 N Main 
COHN, DAVID, Clothier Cohn & Friedman 

b Bryant House 
Cole. Florence R. Mrs. 21 Lack'a 

Oscar D. Fancier, h do 
COMMERCIAL HOUSE, Hotel, i E Naples 

N. Schu, Jr. Prop. 
Comstock, Mabel E. Teacher, b 18 S Wayland 
Conrad, Adam, Farmer, h 20 S Wayland 

*Damion J. 27 Fremont 
Conrad, Elizabeth, Mrs. 20 S. Wayland 
Francis V. 27 Fremont 
Kathefine Mrs. do . 


Sisters, 25 N Main, b 11 N Scott 
CONRAD, PHILIP, Sewing Machines h 27 

Fremont „t .. ■ 

CONRAD SISTERS, MiUmery, 25 N Mam 

Katherine Conrad, Yetta Conrad 
CONRAD. YETTA, Millinery, Conrad Sisters 
25 N Main, b 11 N Scott 







IN. LAST, Proprietor. 


♦ l^ 1867 



W. W. CAPRON, Jr. 




Potatoes a Specialty. 

t Warehouse and Head Office, North Main Street. 





Directory of wayland, n. y. 

)osta, Natalie, 1 b Holmes Hotel 
^ostello, Michael, Ret'd, b 34 N Main 
:OXE, CHARLES J. Miller Wilcox & Co. h 
44 E. Naples 

Marie M. Mrs. 44 E. Naples 
:Cutnmings, Merritt, 1 b 95 E. Naples 
;;ure, George A. 1 h 
i^urtis, Albert D. Farmer, h 15 Lincoln 

Charles A. 1 h 29 S Wayland 

Cora M. Mrs. 26 Lack'a 

Frank H. 29 S Wayland 

Gordon M. 26 Lack'a 
:URTIS, GRANT M. Sec. Inc. Co. h 26 Lack 

Harris, Farmer, h 10 E Naples 

Lucien G. 29 S Wayland 

Lulu M. 10 E. Naples 

Mary C. Mrs. 15 Lincoln 

Max J. 29 S. Wayland 

Sarah A. Mrs. do 

Warren C. 26 Lack'a 
A. Cyphers, Frank G. Patchin, Grant 
M. Curtis. 
^CYPHERS, CHARLES A. Pres. Inc. Co. h 
113 Lack'a 

^Mildred 113 Lack'a 

JVinia L. Mrs. do 

Dalton, Betsy, Mrs. 14 Filmore 

Phoebe, do 

William, 1 h do 

Dapper, Alice, Stenographer, b 26 Lack'a 
Davis, Ann, Mrs. wid. h 22 S Wayland 

C. H. 

Delia, Mrs. 67 S Main 

Elwin N. Builder h do 
DAVIS, GRANT S. Grocer, 39 N. Main h 39 
N. Main 

Kate, Mrs. wid. h 23 E. Naples 

Lyle, 67 S Main 

May L. Mrs. 39 N Main 

Muriel, 67 S Main 

Vivian do 
DEAN, BERT, Horse Dealer h 71 S Main 

Bertha M. Mrs. 36 Lincoln 

Bessie, 71 S Main 

Cecil R. 36 Lincoln 

Frank K, 71 S Maiii 

Joseph H. 36 Lincoln 

Julia, Mrs. 71 S Main 
DEAN, STANLEY L, Blacksmith, h 36 Lin- 

Susie, 71 S Main 
DE GRAW & GREEN, Lawyers, 11 N Main 

F. Allen DeGraw, Floyd G. Green 
DE GRAW, F. ALLEN, Lawyer, DeGraw & 
Green h 7 Mill 

Flora Mrs. do 
Deiter, Charles, 1 b 35 Washington 

Cora, b Bryant House 
Deitzel, Cora A. Mrs 16 E Naples 
DEITZEL, JACOB P. Furniture Dealer, 
Rauber & Deitzel, h Springwater 

Julian F. Turner, b 27 Hamilton 

Rhoda A. Mrs wid h do 
DEITZEL, WILLIAM H. Grocer 16 E Naples 
h 16 E Naples 

Willard H. do 
ERN RAILROAD, Lack'a K. Chas. 
Neill, Agent 

Dendlinger, Alezer F 1 h 10 Lack'a 

Ann M. Mrs. do 

Bertha B. do 

Edith A. do 

Maggie B. do 

M. Theresa do 

Denny, Bessie L. Stenographer, b 5 Lack'a 

William C. Exhibitor Inc. Co. b Bryant 
Didas, Helen L. Mrs. 34 Washt'n 

John, 1 h do 

Lizzie, b St. James Hotel 

Peter. 1 b 34 Washington 
Dietsche, Maagaret, 26 Lack'a 
Dodge, Cora, IJressmaker, b 12 Lack'a 

William E. Exp. Messenger, D. L. & W. 
h Locke's Hotel 
Doolittle, Alice L. 39 Lincoln 

Emma, Mrs. do 

Grace M. do 

Gertie O. do 

William S. 1 h do 
Dorr, Anna, Mrs. 3 East ave. 

Dorothy, do 

DORR, JAMES C , M. D., 2 N Main h 3 East 

Doyle, Effie, Mrs. b 36 Rosenkrans 

Frank, 1 b do 

DRAKEFORD, W. E. & CO., Monuments, 
19 N Wayland, A Redsicker, Manager 
Dudley, Albert E. 25 Lincoln 

Bertie do 

Carl, 10 S. Wayland 

Ella M. Mrs. 25 Lincoln 

Grant S. 1 h do 

Luella, Mrs. 10 S Wayland 
DUDLEY, SIEGLE B. Flour and Feed, 42 

N Main h lo S. Wayland 
Dunn, Bessie L. 26 Hamilton 

Harvey M. Painter, h do 

Zina, Mrs. do 

Dunne, Arthur, Clerk, Bryant House 

Ebersold, Gertrude, b 24 E Naples 
Engel, Alva J. 33 N Main 

Alexander, Real Estate, h 10 Lack'a 

Alexander, 33 N Main 

Barbara, Mrs. 31 Hamilton 

Celia A. 33 N Main 

Christina, Mrs. 22 E Naples 

Edward F. 33 N Main 

Elizabeth, Mrs. do 

Elizabeth, Mrs i Mill 

Elizabeth M. i Mill 
ENGEL, FRANK E. Prop. Steuben House 33 
iN Main 

George, i Mill 

Gertie do 

Hattie do 

Jacob, Farmer, h 22 E Naples 

Joseph, Clerk, Cohn & Friedman, b i Mill 

Joseph P 31 Hamillpn 

Julia A. 33 N Main 

Mary, Mrs. 10 Lack'a 

Nicholas, 1, h i Mill 

Peter, Ret'd, 31 Hamilton 

Peter J Bookkeeper, W. W. Capron, Jr. 
b I Mill 

William P. 33 N Main 
ERIE RAILROAD, N Main, Daniel Tierney 



















NA/ A Y L A N D, N. Y. 



biRKCtORV OV WaVLand, N, Y. 

Esser, Gustina, 73 E Naples 

Henry, 1, h 


Henry, Jr. 


Johanna, Mrs. 










Falvey, William, Blacksmith, S. L. Dean b 36 

FERRIN BROS., Produce, 43 N Main John A. 

Bennett, Manager 
FIDLER, ABRAM, Steuben, Cigar Co. b 6 

Finch, Clara, 63 S Main 

Cora do 

Frank 1, h do 

Marvin 1, h 13 Lincoln 

May, Mrs. do 

Minnie M. Mrs. 6j S Main 

Olie 1, b do 

Retta Mrs. 27 Lincoln 

Roy L. 13 Lincoln 

Wallace W. farmer 27 Lincoln 
|Fires, John 1, b 100 Lack'a 
Cor Main and Naples Sts. W. W. 
Clark, Pres. John J. Morris Cashier 
Fisher, Mary J. Mrs, 28 Lack'a 

Sylvester C. 1, h do 

William G. 1, b <do 
Flora, Venora L. Mrs. wid. h 16 Sullivan 
Fogal, Elizabeth S. Mrs. 47 Lincoln 

Frank, bookkeeper, b 19 Mill 

Jacob B. 1, h 47 Lincoln 

Mary, Mrs. wid. h 19 Mill 
Folts, Alonzo, 16 Washington 

Arthur do 

Catharine, Mrs. 8 Mill 

Charles C. clerk, J. I. Sterner, b 6 Mill 

Christian J. builder, h 16 Washington 

Christopher, Ret'd, 6 Mill 

*Clara, 16 Washington 

Elizabeth, Mrs. do 

Frederick do 

George, Eet'd, h 8 Mill 

Herman, 16 Washington 

Louisa, Mrs. 6 Mill 

Mary L. Tailoress. Rauber & Vogt,b6Mill 

Otto, 16 Washington 

Rena do 

Foltz, Lillie, Mrs. 6 Washington 

Mary do 

FOLTZ, WILLIAM H. Steuben Cigar Co. h 6 

Washington ^ 
Ford, John, Tel. Operator, D. L. & W. b 12 

' Lack'a 
Fowler, Amelia A. wid. b 7 S Main 
tFox. Alice M. Mrs. 135 Lack'a ^ 
|FOX, FRANK, Grocer, 133 Lack'a h 13'; 

Frank J 45 S. Main 
FOX, GEORGE, Butcher, 2 S Main h do 
. George J. 38 Rosenkrans 

Gertrude M. 45 S Main 

Herbert J. 38 Rosenkrans 

John E. clerk, George Fox, b 45 S Main 

Katherine, 38 Rosenkrans 

*Margaret, Mrs. do 

Mary E. 15 S Main 

JiMaud B. 1^5 Lack'a 

Otto D. 45 S Main 

Peter, I, h 38 Rosenkrans 
FRENCH, ELLA J. Rev. Mrs. Ass't Pastor 

A. C. Church, 22 W .\aples 
FRENCH, (jEORGE J. Rev. Pastor A. C. 

Church, h 22 W Naples 
Fuller, Jesse W. Engineer, h a Lack'a 

Mary E. Mrs. do 

Gallagher. Charles A. clerk, Bryant House 
Gilman, Anna, Mrs. wid. b 7 Washington 
Bert D. ig 1-2 S Wayland 
Henry J. 1. h do 
John K. 1, h 57 Lincoln 
Mildred M. do 
Nellie G. Mrs. do 
N. Maud, 19 1-2 S Wayland 
Glover, Alfred, 1, h 5 Washington 
Alvin, do 

Andrew, do 

Benjamin, do 

fCallie, Mrs. 103 B Naples 
Charles, 5 Washington 
Earl A. 13 Mill 
Eunice, Mrs. do 
^; Flossie, 103 E Naples 
Frank, 1, h 13 Mill 
ifGeorge, 1, h 103 Naples 
IGustava do 

Harvey, 1, h 41 Hamilton 
Jennie, 5 Washington 
Lewis H. 1, b 41 Hamilton 
Louisa, Mrs, 5 Washington 
Lulu M. 13 Mill 
Lura, 5 Washington 
Mabel do 

Margaret A. Mrs. 41 Hamilton 
Maria, Mrs. wid. 42 S Main 
Menzer, 5 Washington 
!Murray do 
Goebel, Francis, i Cass 
Julia do 

Kate, Mrs. do 
Katherine do 
Leopold, stock buyer h i Cass 
Lillian do 

Louise do 

GOODNO, BERT, Editor and Publisher 
Wayland Register, h 4 N Scott 
iErnest L, printer, b 15 N Scott 
Florence, Mrs. wid. h 15 N. Scott 
Harry H. 4 N Scott 
Jennie J. Mrs. do 
Robert E. do 

GOTTSCHALL, C. & SON, Dry Goods, 7 N 
Main. C. Gottschall, H. Alonzo Gotts- 

Gottschall & Son, b 8 Mill 
JGrangrr, Andrew A. farmer, h Granger 
Jane, Mrs. h Granger Place 
Margaret, Mrs. wid. h 13 N Scott 
GRANGER, MARK L. Architect, b 13 E 

Gray, Celestia, h 4 Fremont 






Let us make the Cigars for the country 

And we care not who shall make the 

Our District Attorney, 

Havana Buds, 

Star of Steuben, Jr. 

Common Sense, 







GREBN & YOUNG, Mfgs. Mop Wringers, 
36 N Main, W. H. Green, James E. 
Carrie Dressmaker, b 1 2 Fremont 
Cora D, Mrs. 10 N Scott 
Elwin W. 33 1-2 E Naples 
GREEN, FLOYD G. Lawyer, De Graw & 
Green, b 10 S Scott 
Hazel M, 33 1-2 E Naples 
Myrtle L. do 

Phoebe S. Mrs. do 
Walter J do 

William H. Wire Fence, h 33 1-2 E Naples 
GREEN. WILLIAM H. Mfgr. Green & 

Young, Supervisor, h 10 N Scott 

Gregg, Kate H. Mrs. 22 Hamilton 

Katherine do 

M. Claude, Ret'd h do 

Mahlon H. do 

Grine, Andrew, Ret'd, h 2 Mill 

Christian, Ret'd, h 38 Fremont 
Grace, Mrs. 2 Mill 
Katherine, Mrs. 28 Fremont 
ifGriswold, Louie W. Painter, h 136 Lacii'a 

|Mae. Mrs. do 

Gross, Albert. 1, b 2 Lincoln 
Anne do 

Elizabeth, Mrs. 26 Lincoln 
F. Ernst.'Ret'd, h 19 W Naples 
Frank, 2 Lincoln 
Isabelle do 
Jacob, 1, h 26 Lincoln 
Katherine. Mrs. 2 Lincoln 
Katherine, do 

Leo. do 

Louisa. Mrs. icj -V Naples 
GRO-)S, NICHOLAS, Wagon Maker, 2 Lin- 
coln, h 2 Lincoln 
Guile, Florence J. 28 W Naples 
Linda, Mis. do 

Lucile H. do 

Orion R. do 

GUILE, WE.SLEY R. Manager Canning Fac- 
tory, h 28 W Naples 


Haas Henry, Tailor, Rauber & Vogt, b Bry- 
ant House 
Hagadone. Ella M 38 Lack "a 

Richard 1, h do 
Haii'ht. George, 1, h 56 S Main 

Wesley, 1. b do 

Hall. Anna M. 29 S Main 

Daniel F. Lartender, Bryant House, b 1 

Edna H. 29 S Main 

Marvin N. do 

Oscar, 1 h do 

Sophie B Mrs. do 
Hampshire, Frank E. 1, h 3 Lack'a 

Lydia D Mrs. do 

Ha'in, Blair J. 21 Hamilton 
HANN. CHARLES F. Carriage Builder N 
Scott, h 21 Hamilton 

Charles f . Jr do 

Leorah C. Mrs. do 
Harrington. George F. 1, b 21 Rosenkrans 

Gettie, Mrs. do 

Harry, do 

Harter, Ertam, blacksmith, h 32 E Naples 
Harold G. do 

Nellie E Mrs. do 

Hartshorn, Sarah J. wid. b i* Filmore 
Hastings, Edwin P clerk. St. James Hotel, b 

St. James Hotel 
Hatch, John H. 2t Lincoln 
Johanna M. Mrs. do 
Stanley P do 

William H 1, h do 
HATCH, OTTO & CO., Produce, Coal and 
Lumber, 55 N Main, Albert Bartholo 
mew, manager 
Hayward, Lunette, Mrs. teacher. 2 Water 
Margaret, Mrs. wid. h 2 Water 
Murray C. b 2 Water 
Held, Eva, Mrs. 3 N Wayland 
George J. 1, h do 
May L. do 

William W. do 

Hemmer, Barbara, 14 N Main 
Bertha, do 

Celia, do 

Edward J. do 

Elizabeth, Mrs 14 N Main 
Elizabeth, do 

Frances, do 

George M. do 

John M. clerk Val. Hemmer, b 14 N Main 
Leo W. do 

Margaret, do 


Main, h 14 N Main 
HENCHEN, CHARLES, barber, 3 S Main b 

Bryant House 

Herman, D. Burton, 9 Ch.irles 

Lizzie, Mrs. do 

Robert, fancier, h do 

Hisson Albert, Tinsmith, b Bryant House 

Edward M. tinsmith, b do 

Hoehle Anna Mrs, 13 S Scott 
Bertha, do 

Christian J. 1, h do 
Herman C. do 

Hoffman, .A. Frederick, clerk, A. L. Morley, 
h 2 East ave. 
Catherine, Mrs. 3 > S Wayland 
Clara T. typesetter. Register b 3 Park 
John 1, h 30 E Naples 
Joseph. Ret'd, h 3 Park 
Mai y, Mrs do 

Philip, Ret'd, h 33 S Wayland 
Retta, Mrs. 30 E Naples 
Sarah N. Mrs. 2 Ea^t ave. 
JHOLMES HO I'EL, 131 Lack'a, Wm. Holmes 
Alfred 8 1, h ^5 Lack'a 
JAnna, Holmes Hotel, 131 Lack'a 
Betsy, Mrs 35 Lack'a 
|Cora L Mrs. Holmes Hotel, 131 Lack'a 
Edward A. 35 Lack'a 
IFannie M Holmes Holel. iji Lack'a 
Kredcrick R. 34 Lack'a 
Gracie D 35 Lack a 
JHarry, Holmes Hotel, 131 Latk'a 
John C. 1, h 34 Lack'a 
lohn C. Jr. 'do 
JKarl, Holmes Hotel, 131 Lacka 
Mahlon W. 34 Lack'a 
M. Dorothy, 35 Lack'a 
Sarah E. Mrs. 34 Lack'a 
S. Margaret, 35 Lack'a 



ING. ^ ^ ^ ^ .5» ^ 
ANTEED. J' J. J. J. 














39 N. Main St., Wayland. 

Harry S. Peters, Prop'r. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Particular attention given 
to Fine Work. Soft Fa- 
brics and Lace Curtains 
a specialty. Family 

Washings at Low Rates. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 




♦ Work Galled for and Delivered. ♦ 
t«« *♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦'»♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦ 















JVictor J. Holmes Hotel, 131 Lack'a 

Hotel 131 Lack'a 
Holzer, Frank, Ret't, h 6 Lack'a 

Jacob, do 

Margaret A. Mrs. do 
HOME LAUNDRY, 34 N Main, Harry S. 

Peters, Prop. 
Honan, Daniel, 1 h 6 Pine 

Mary Mrs. do 

William L. 1, b do 
Hooper, Maud, b 26 W. Naples 

May, b Bryant House 
Hoover, Karl J Laundry, b 45 S Main 
Hoppough, Edith, 70 W Naples 

Emory W. 1, h > do 

Sarah H. Mrs. do 

Hower, George, 1, h 7 E Naples 

Louisa Mrs. do 

Mattie Mrs. do 

William K News Agent, b 7 E Naples 
Hubbard, Emeline K. 27 E. Naples 

Louise B. Mrs. do 

Luverne S 1, h do 

Hubbell, Clayton J. 34 S Main 

Idella, Mrs. do 

John K. 1, h do 

Hunt, Marvin, 1, b 42 S Main 
Hyde. Horace B. optician, i Lack'a 

Rachael A. Mrs. do 


Jacobs, Allie, Mrs. 36 S Wayland 

Alonzo A. 1. h (2 N Main 

Carrie B. Mrs do 

^Catherine R. 142 Lack'a 
JACOBS, EDWARD, Dray and Express, h 36 
S Wayland 

JElmer J. Farmer, h 142 Lack'a 

Emily l'. M. 13 S Main 

lEmily M- Mrs 142 Lack'a 

Flora DeL. M. 13 S Main 

; Howard H. 142 I^ack'a 
oseph P. Shoemaker, Geo. Nold, h 33 S 

Kate A. Mrs. 33 8 Main 

JMargaret D. Mrs. 142 Lack'a 

May E. Mrs 13 S Main 

Robert A. 1, h do 

Ruth M. 42 S Maiti 

JSilas DeL 1, b 142 Lack'a 

Theodore McK. 13 S Main 

Vola I 33 8 Main 
Janes, Addie E. Mrs. 12 Sullivan 

Castella M. do . 

Irving W. do 

J VNES, W. IRVING, REV. Pastor M. E. 

Church, h 12 Sullivan 
JERVIS, CHARLES M Pub. Wayland Di- 
rectory, h i6 W Naplts 

Lola Gray, Mrs. do 

John, Albert, Painter, 11 Hamilton 
John. Antilla A. do . 

Antonetta M. do 

Joseph, do 

Johnson, Alpha C. 65 E Naples 

Bessie, Mrs. 12 Mill 

Harvey E Truck Gardening 65 E Naples 

Henrietta, R. Mrs do 

Ida B. r2 Mill 

Lewis A. Carpenter, h 12 Mill 

L Elmer, do 

William, 1 h ig Wayland. 
Johnston, Augusta Mrs, 38 Rosenkrans 

Carey. 1 h. do 

Newell, Carpenter b do 

Jones, Benjamin F. Tinsmith, 54 S Main 

Benjamin F. Jr. do 

Gladys D. do 

Mary E. Mrs. do 

Robert N. do 

Jordan, Bert L. 1 h 65 S Main 

Jordan, Chauncey, Ret'd b do 

Lena C. Mrs. do 



KAUSCH BROS. Grocers and Undertakers, 
12 N Main, William F. Kausch, Val- 
entine Kausch, Jr. 
Karl D. 23 W Naples 
Lola M. do 

Mary S. Mrs. do 
Undertaker, Kausch Bros, h 23 W.Na- 
KAUSCH. WILLIAM F. Grocer and Under- 
taker, Kausch Bros, b 5 N Wayland 
Kelly, Addie L. Mrs. nS Main 
Jennie, do 

Laura, do 

Morris A. 1 h do 

Kerr, Belle E. Mrs. 12 Hamilton 
KESTER&SHWER, ii W Naples, Frank- 
lin J. Kester, Andrew C. Shaver 
KESTER, FRANKLIN J. Blacksmith, h 18 
W Naples 
Gertrude M, Dressmaker, 17 Mill 
Katharine, Mrs. 18 W Naples 
Phoebe A Mrs 17 Mill 
Ruby C. Dressmaker, 17 Mill 
Tunis, Watchman, h do 
Kiel, B. Elizabeth, 37 Hamilton 
Caroline, Mrs, do 
Caroline M. do 

Edward J. do 

Ida L do 

KIEL, JOHN F. Foundry b 37 Hamilton 
Joseph C. Mill-hand b do 

J. William, Mill-hand b do 

Katheriiie E. do 

Verona do 

KIEL. W. FREDERICK, Sawmill h do 
Kiesel, Sophia, b Brvant House 
Kimball, Doras. 1 h 14 3 Scott 
Elizabeth O. Mrs. do 
Julia, do 

Lettie, do 

Nina, do 

Syd, 1 h 9 S Scott 
KIMMEL, M. & SON, Hardware, q-ii N 
Main, Martin Kimmel, John Kimmel 
tClara, Mrs 78 W Naples 
p lara A. do 

lElizabeth, do 

JHelen, do 

yacob J Clerk M. Kimmel and Son b 78 
W Naples 
KIMMEL, JOHN, Hardware. Kimmel & Son 
Electric Lighting, Shaffer, 
Wolff & Co. 48 W. Naples. 









(incorporated) S^I^ 


Grain and Potatoes 


Waylan'd Office, ©y®?!® J°"^ ^- Bennett, 

Scott Building. /JS'^ig) Manager. 

^^a# ^^^#^^ #^.^^^^^^^^^^^^^.^^ 



1 LOUR m F'ee 






Directory of wavland, n. y. 


IKatherine P. 78 W Naples 

Leo P. 48 W. Naples 

Mary, Mrs. do 
tKIMMEL, MARTIN, Hardware, M. Kimmel 
& Son h 78 W Naples 

Victor M. 48 W Naples 
King, Anna Mrs. 20 Fremont 
KING, JOHN M. Re\^. Pastor Evangelical 
Church, h 20 Fretaont 

Maud M. do 

Minnie M do 

Kingsley, L. Barton, Mrs. wid b 10 S Main 
Kinyon, Lovica, Mrs. wid b 3 Mill 
Kittle, Alice E. Mrs, 5 Lincoln 

Dora, Mrs. b do 

Harry H. Painter do 

Henry C. 1 b do 

Houghan B. 1 h do 

Klein, Caroline, 20 W Naples 
KLEIN, CHRISTIAN, Real Estate h 20 W 

Elizabeth, Mrs. wid h 12 Freemont 

Elizabeth, 20 W Naples 

Gladys, 12 S Scott 

Henry, 1 h do 

Marien, Mrs. 20 W Naples 

Mary, Mrs. 12 S Scott 

Minnie K 20 W Naples 

William J. do 
Kline, John C. 1 b 49 S Main 
Kling, Albert, 1 h 29 S Wayland 
Kling, Adolph. 15 Pars 

Anna. Mrs do 

FranK, 1 h 35 Washington 

Grace, do 

Hattie, Mrs. do 

.(infant do 

Jacob, 1 h 15 Park 

Mabel, 12 Hamilton 

Mary, Mrs 29 S Wayland, 

Matilda, 15 Park 
KNAUEK, ERNEST, Shoemaker 6 S Main h 
23 Rosenkrans 

Mary L. Mrs. do 
Knowles, Harriet E. Teacher, b 18 Sullivan 
Kramer, Edward N. J. 23 Fremont 

George J. Clerk, Snyder & Patchin, b 8 

Jacob, Ret'd, b 23 Fremont 

John A. Agr'l Imp'ts, h do 

Margaret R. Mrs. do 

Kuhn, Frederick S. 1, b 19 Lincoln 

John, 1, b do 

Katherine B. do 

Theckla, Mrs. wid. h do 
Kurtz, Elizabeth, Mrs. 10 Water 

John C. 1, h do 

Kutschke, Charles, Tinsmith, h 51 Washingt'n 

Josephine, Mrs. do 

Walter, do 

Ladendorf, Max H. 1. b 12 Lack'a 
La Fayette, Frances. 18 S Wayland 
Martha A. Mrs. wid. h 18 S Wayland 

Lander, Alexander, Mason, b 20 Lincoln 

Frederick C. builder, h 10 .-> Scott 

Frederick J. Builder, h 20 Lincoln 

George W. carpenter b do 

Helen M. Mrs. 10 S Scott 

Mary, Mrs. 20 Lincoln 

Peter, b do 

Last, Anna, Mrs. St. James Hotel 

John, do 

LAST, NICHOLAS, Prop. St. James Hotel 
26-28 N Main 

Nicholas, Jr. do 
La Terre, Allen A. barber, G D. Abrams,, h 
23 Mill 

Allen P. do 

Harold A. 23 Mill 

Katherine, Mrs. do 

Wilfred J. do 

Leider, Adolph, Bryant House 

Emma, do 

Helen F. Mrs. do 

Julia, do 

Karl, do 

LEIDER, OTTO F. Prop. Bryant House 1-3 

N Main 
LERCH, DOUGLASS Saloon, b 24 Hamilton 
Lewis, A. Lillian, 39 Hamilton 

Charles, 1, b 2 Filmorc 

Delia, Mrs. do 

Elizabeth, 22 Sullivan 

George G. Machmist, h 39 Hamilton 

Mary, Mrs. wid. b 22 Sullivan 

Mida N. Mrs. 39 Hamilton 
LOCKE'S HOTEL, 47 JN. Main, Albert S. 

Locke Prop. 
LOCKE, ALBERT S. Prop Locke's Hotel 
47 N. Main 

Lena L Mrs. do 
Long Lulu, 20 Hamilton 
Loveland, Antice, 29 W Naples 

Florence, do 

Georgia, do 

Hattie, do 

LOVELAND, HENRY J. Carriages and Road 
Machines, h 29 W Naples 

Loren F. 1 h 16 N Scott 

Maud, Mrs. do 

May, 29 W Naples 
LOVELAND, NELLIE E. Mrs. Milliner, 29 

W Naples 
Lowe, Bert D. 1 h 45 Lincoln 

Edith, Mrs. do 

George G. do 


Mack, Beulah. 31 Lack'a 

Erwin A. 1 h do 

Harold, do 

Julia N. Mrs. do 
Magee, Carrie E. Mrs. i'5 Lack'a 
MAGEE, JOHN C, Coal Dealer, 2 W Main 

h 15 Lack'a 
Magoffin, Raphelia H o 24 E Naples 
MANGAN, MATTHEW M. Prop. New Way- 
land House, 49 N Main 

Ethel, Mrs, do 

Winifred, Mrs wid b do 
Marsh, Carrie A. Mrs. i3 Lincoln 

Salem A. Carpenter, h do 

Vera J. do 







The Most Gom- 
plete Line of 
Staple Goods, 



No. 5 N. Main Si. Wayland, N. Y 


btR^CTORV 01^ WAYLANli), N. V. 


Marts, George W. Wells, Fargo Expressman, 
h 4 Pine 
Maud, Mrs. 43 E Naples 
Mattes, Florence, Mrs. ig S Main 
MATTES, GEORGE J. Manager Wayland 

Bottling Works, h 19 S Main 
Matteson, Edna A. 55 W Naples 

Edwin L. Processor Canning Factory, h 

55 W Naples 
Edwin L. Jr. do 
Glendora R. do 
Inez C. Mrs. do 
James B. do 

Mary L. do 

Russel I. do 

Mattice, Aaron. Farm Seeds, h 21 W Naples 

Claud, do 

MATTICE, J. BERT, Harnessmaker, 32 N 
Main, b 21 W Naples 
Maud, Mrs. b do 
Nellie L. do 

Viola, Mrs. do 

McCabe, James C. 1 b 29 S Wayland 
Mclntyre, Belle, Mrs. 44 Rosenkrans 

David, 1 h do 

McKay, Daisy C. Stenographer, b 8 Mill 
McKenzie, Alice, Mrs. wid b 10 Filmore 

Roy B. Clerk, Chas Snyder, b do 
McPHEE, J. F. Dentist, h Dansville 
Mead, Agnes, 10 Sullivan 
■ Alice C. do 

Daniel, Ret'd b do 
Daniel J. do 

Frances, do 

John G. Ret'd h do 
Kate, Mrs. do 

Means, Mary J. Mrs. wid b 12 Lincoln 
Mehlenbacher, Kate, Mrs. Dressmaker, b 12 
jiKatherine B. 113 Lack'a 
MILLEN, T. & SONS, Mfgrs Portland Cem- 
ent, Lack'a, Thomas Millen, Duane 
Millen, Homer C. Millen 
Albert, Chemist, T. Millen & Sons, b 
Bryant House 
JMILLE^, DUANE, Cement, T. Millen & 

Sons, h Syracuse, N. Y. 
iiMILLEN, HOMER C. Cement, T. Millen & 

sons, h Syracuse, N. Y. 
Miller, Amy E. Mrs. 12 Lack'a 

Clarence A. Machinist, b 6 Mill 
E. Byrd, Machinist, h 12 Lack'a 
MiUiman, Julius F. 1 b 43 E Naples 

Lovinia, Mrs. wid h do 

Millington, E, Effie Mrs. 46 Lack'a 

Francis W. Bookkeeper, h do 
IMinor, Charles, 1 h m E Naples 

^Margaret, Mrs. do 

Mitchell, Daniel M. Ret'd, h 25 Hamilton 

Mary A. Mrs. do 

Moon, Frederick, 1 b 12 Lack'a 
Moora, Harry G. 1 b 29 Hamilton 
Henry L. Constable, do 

Mary F. Mrs. Dressmaker do 
tMOOSE, M. FLETCHER, Veterinary, 
Bryant House Stable, h Springwater 
3 W Naples, Ray L. Morley, Lucien 
U. Carpenter, A. L. Morley 
MORLEY, ADDISON L. Merchant, 14 E 
Naples, h 29 E Naples 
Carry L. Mrs. do 

Fannie E, Mrs. 6 Sullivan 

Mae E. 29 E. Naples 
MORLEY, RAY L. Merchant, Morley, Car- 
penter & Co; h 6 Sullivan 
MORRIS, Elizabeth M. Mrs. 24 E Naples 

John A Bookkeeper, b do 

MORRIS, JOHN J. Cashier First National 

Bank, h 2^ E Naples 
MORRIS, JULIAN A. Insurance 5 N Main, 
h 8 Sullivan 

*Maxie E. Mrs. do 
IMorsch, Katherine, 120 Lack'a 
Munding, John, -Ret'd, h 17 W Naples 

Margaret, Mrs. do 

Munn, Bertha, 15 S Main 

Clare W. do 

Frank A. Painter, h do 

Hattie A. Mrs. do 

M. Ethel, do 

Mushrush, Carrie, Mrs. 17 N. Scott 

Frank G. Engineer, h do 

Reginald, do 


Neill, Beulah, i8 Sullivan 

David C. Tel. Operator, h 30 S Main 

D. Stewart, Bookkeeper, 18 Sullivan 

Edith, Teacher, do 

Mary L. Mrs. do 

Phoebe A. Mrs. 30 S Main 
NEILL, R. CHARLES, Ag't D. L. & W. R. 

R. h 18 Sullivan 
Neis, Anna, 15 Hamilton 

Anna K. 21 Rosenkrans 

Frank, Builder, h 30 Rosenkrans 

Jacob A. Builder, h 21 Rosenkrans 

Joseph, Carpenter, b 30 Rosenkrans 

Lizzie, do 

Marie C. 21 Rosenkrans 

Mary, Mrs. 30 Rosenkrans 

Mary, E. Mrs. 21 Rosenkrans 

Theodore J. 30 Rosenkrans 
thew M. Mangan, Prop. 
Newell, Catherine, Mrs. Dressmaking, h 22 E 

Publisher Union Advertiser, h 22 E 

Julia E. do 
Newman, Aldice F. 43 Hamilton 

Frank E. Mason, h do 

Maria C. Mrs. do 

William, Ret'd, b do 

PHONE Co. 2 N Main, Snyder & Pat- 
chin, Agts. 
:|;]SriLES, HARRY J. Editor and Publisher 

Wayland Advance, h Springwater 
Nold, Edward, 1 b 8 E Naples 

Frances E. Mrs. do 
NOLD, GEORGE, Shoe Dealer, 6 E Naples, 
h 8 E Naples 

Ida M. do 

Lena E. do 

Margaret C. do 
Northrup, Alice, Mrs. wid 15 Mill 

Elmer F. 1 b 39 Lack'a 
Nutt, Charles L. 1 b 3 Mill 







Dealer in Engines, Boilers, Machinery, 
Steam Specialties, General Mill Sup- 
plies, Iron, Steel, Shafting, Engine 
and Cylinder Oils and Lubricating 
Grease. ...... 

All kinds of Machinery, Engines, Boilers and Bicycles 
Repaired by the best Skilled Mechanics. 







O'HARA BROTHERS, Coopers, M. J. 
O'Hara, J. P. O'Hara, J. W. O'Hara, 
Lack'a Camillus, N. Y. 
Olney, Benjamin, 22 Sullivan 
OLNEY, LEE B. Machinist, h 22 Sullivan 

Kate, Mrs. do 

Ostrander, Ebert, Farmer, h 13 S Main 

Eliza, Mrs. do 

William E. Carpenter b do 
Ott, Anthony, 1 h 20 Lack'a 

John, 1 h 25 S Main 

Margaret, Mrs. do 

Margaret, Mrs. 20 Lack'a 
Overpeck, Mary A. Mrs. wid h 38 N Main 
Owen, Samuel L. Ret'd, b 21 Hamilton 

Paige, Ella E. Mrs. 5 Lack, a 

E. Joseph, Mail Carrier, h 5 Lack'a 
PARDEE, AMOS J. Jeweller, 24 N Main, h 
5 Cass 
Jane A. Mrs. 5 Cass 
Parsons, Albert E. Mason, h 13 N. Scott 
Anna E. Mrs. do 

Arthur D. 63 S Main 
Carrie E. 13 N Scott 
PARSONS, ERNEST D. Photographer, h 63 
S Main 
Ethel, 63 S Main 
K.iteM. 13 N Scott 
Lorado. Mrs. 63 S Main 
Minnie A. Mrs. 25 N Main 
Olie M. 13 N Scott 
Raymond, 63 S Main 
PARSONS, WILLIAM. Bakery, 25 N Main h 

25 N Main 
JPalchin, Cameron K. 120 Lack'a 

t Elizabeth C. Mrs. do 
JPATCHIN, FRANK G. Treas. Inc. Co. h 

120 Lack'a 
JPatchin, Harriet H. 120 Lack'a 
Peabody, Arthur S. clerk, Steuben Drug Co. 
b 27 N Main 
Ella E. Mrs. 29 Fremont 
Eric G. do 

PEABODY, FRANK J. Steuben Drug Co. b 

27 N Main 
PEABODY, GEORGE M,, M. D. Steuben 
Drug Co. h zg Fremont 
Helen M. do 

Hilda E. do 

Louise H. do 

Mary E. do 

Monica F. do 

Persons, Dorasy A. Mrs. 40 Lack'a 
Elmer E. do 

Hazel L. do 

PETERS, HARRY S. Prop. Home Laundry 
34 N Main 
Nellie E. Mrs. 34 N Main 
Pfaff, Barbara, Mrs. wid. h 8 Washington 

Mary, music teacher, b do 
IPhilips, Alvin, 1, b 95 E Naples 

Edward, Tinsmith, b Bryant House 

Edward B. 29 S Wayland 
Hattie, Mrs. wid. h do 
Hazel M. do 

John E. do 

William, 1, b 34 1-2 S Main 
PIATT, ALVA A., M. D. h 10 S Main 
Eva J. Mrs. do 

Gussie F. do 

Pickell, Charles N. 1 his Lincoln 

Minnie J. Mrs. do 

JPierce, Adin G. Salesman, h 120 Lack'a 
JAmarilla S. Mrs. 122 Lack'a 
JE. Eudora, M. D. do 
JEudora, 120 Lack'a 

jEstella C. Mrs. do 
JPIERCE, HARRISON G. Produce, h 122 
JSeraph L. 120 Lack'a 
RA.ILROAD, Lack'a, R. Charles Neill 
Poor, Bert L. Farmer, 63 W Naples 
Hallie, do 

Minnie, Mrs. do 

Moses A. farmer, h do 

POSTOFFICE, 8 N Main, Peter H. Zimmer- 
man, Postmaster, George H. Stannar- 
ius. Deputy 
Potschke, Joseph, 1, b 36 E Naples 
JPotwora, Caroline. 49 Lack'a 
i Frank, do 

JJohn, 1, h do 

tMichael, 1, b do 
JNellie. Mrs. do 

Pratt, Amelia C. Mrs. 10 Hamilton 
PRATT. HENRY V. Lawyer, Clark & Pratt, 

h 10 Hamilton 
Pursel, Frank D. night watchman, h 14 Pine 

Grover W do 

jPURbEL, JAMES M. Jeweller. 10 N Main, h 
Mary, Mrs. 14 Pine 
Putnam, Elmer E. 1 h 18 E Naples 
F Pearl, Mrs. do 

Ralph C. do 

Rauber, Anna M. Mrs. 22 Lincoln 

*Larrie, 11 Hamilton 
RAUBER & DEITZEL, Furniture, 23 E 
Naples, Jacob N. Rauber, Jacob F. 
RAUBER & VOGT, Clothiers. 29 N Main, 

Chas J Rauber, George Vogt 
RAUBER, CHARLES J. Clothier, Rauber & 
Vogt, h 22 Lincoln 
Crescentia, Mrs. 11 Hamilton 
Elizabeth, Mrs. 15 E Naples 
Frank D. Clerk, C Gottschall & Son, b 11 
RAUBER, JACOB N. Hotel, Rauber & Deit- 
zel, Furniture, h 15 E Naples 
Lester J. Dancing Master, b 11 Hamilton 
Mary E. do 

Matthias, Ret'd, b Commercial House 
RAUBER, NICHOLAS Restaurant Section 
Foreman Erie R. R. h 1 1 Hamilton 
Ruth M. 22 Lincoln 
Walter, do 







This Store has acquired a High 
. Reputation as Dispenser of . 


Pure Drugs, Patent Medicines, Stationery, || 
Scliool Supplies, Wail Paper, 
Paints, Oils, &c. 





Raufenbarth, Frank J. Butcher, h 8 Lack'a 
Julia, do 

Leo C. do 

Mary J. B do 

Matilda, Mrs. do 

Regina N. do 

Redmond, Charles L. 1 b 23 Lincoln 

James C. mason h do 

Rose Ida, Mrs. do 

Roy J. 1 b do 

Drakeford & Co. h 11 Lincoln 

Matilda M. Mrs. do 

Nettie C. do 

Reed, Carrie A Mrs. 15 S Main 

Elizabeth M. do 

REED, J. WELLS, M. A. Prin. Union School 

h 15 S Main 
Reynolds, Lydia J. Mrs wid b 3 St. John 
Richards, Amy C 53 Lincoln 

Charles H. Builder, h do 

Don P. do 

Emma A. do 

George F. do 

Homer C. do 

Mary E. Mrs. do 

Myrtle V. do 

Ritz, Clara A. 7 Lincoln 

Egbert G do 

Frank J. do 

John J 1 h do 

Julia K. do 

Lawrence G. do 

Lizzie, Mrs. do 

Minnie R. do 

Raymond O. do 
Rix, Edwin, Fireman, b 34 Hamilton 
Roberts, Fern B. 20 Sullivan 

Jessie M. Mrs. do 

Melvin L. do 

Robinson, Carrie, 65 S Main 

Claude A. 25 S Wayland 

Clyde W. do 

Cora B. Mrs. 65 S Main 

Frank N. Builder, h do 

Harold N. 41 S Wayland 

Jennie B. Mrs. do 

Lee H. do 

Leo, 25 S Wayland 

Mary S. Mrs. do 

Nellie do 

Stephen E. Builder, h 41 S Wayland 

Wayland, h 25 S Wayland 
Rose, Harry B. Clerk, M. Wolf, b Locke's 

Rosenkrans, Helen M. Mrs wid h 36 W Naples 

Helen M 33 W Naples 

Hugh N. do 

John A. Auctioneer, h 12 S Main 
the Peace, b 36 W Naples 

Maynard H. Painter, h 33 W Naples 

Merton J. Tel. Operator, b 36 W Naples 

Paul L. 33 W Naples 

Rose, Mrs. do 
Rowe, Beatrice E. 52 S Main 

Bessie V. Mrs. do 

Beulah A. do 

Frank B. Fireman, h do 

Harry H. do 

Rowell, Elizabeth, Mrs. 5 N Scott 
Shepard W. Ret'd, h do 

Rowley, Elmer E. Tel Operator b 13 Hamilton 
Grace A. Mrs. do 

William A. Miller, Wilcox & Co- h do 

Rumsey, Ida N. Mrs. b 36 E Naples 

Ryder, Ida, Mrs. 7 Washington 

RYDER, JOHN M. Carriage Builder, 11 
Washington, h 7 Washington 

Salter, Austin H. h 2 Cass 

SALTER, ELLA. MRS. Milliner, 2 Cass 

Sams, Clare, 16 Hamilton 

Delia, Mrs. do 

George W. 1 h do 

George W, Jr. do 
Sands, Cora M. Mrs. 12 S Main 

George W. Tel. Operator, D. L. & W. R. 
R. h 12 S Main 
SAUERBIER, ALBERT, Resturant, 3 E 
Naples, h ig N Scott 

Anna B. Mrs. 8 N Scott 

Julia A. 19 N. Scott 

Mary Mrs. do 

M. Helene, do 

William A. Clerk, M. Kimmel & Son, h 8 
N Scott 
Schmidt, Amanda, b Bryant House 
SCHMIDT, FREDERICK, Tailor 3 i N Main 
b 34 Hamilt .n 

Hattie, b do 

Joseph, 1 b Holmes Hotel 
Schmidtz, Frank J. 1 h 27 Fremont 

Frederick, 1 b St. James Hotel 

Joseph, lb do 

*Kittie, Mrs. 27 Fremont 

Raymond, do 

Schneider, Amelia W. Mrs. 41 Lack'a 

Amma A, do 

Frederick, do 

Louis F. 1 h do 

Matilda, do 

William, do 

*Schu, Avis Mrs. 49 Washington 

Edward J, g Lincoln 

Elizabeth, i N Wayland 

Eliza6eth J. do 

Essie, 49 Washington 

Frank J. 1 b 23 Lincoln 

Frederick G. g Lincoln 

Harold F. do 

John N. Mason, 4g Washington 

Lena, Mrs. 9 Lincoln 

Lester, do 

Margaret, Mrs. Commercial House 

Margaret, i N Wayland 

Nicholas, 1 h do 

SCHU, NICHOLAS. JR. Prop. Commercial 
House, I E Naples 

Peter H. 1 h 9 Lincoln 
Schubmehl, Marie L. 29 Lincoln 
Schumacher, Anna, 34 Hamilton 

Benjamin, Ret'd, b 3 Washington 

Gertie, 34 Hamilton 

Henry H. 1 h do 

Jacob F, 1 b 36 W Naples 

Lena, Mrs. 34 Hamilton 

Mary,, do 





• WAYLAND, N. Y. • 

• W. W. Glarii, District Attorney • 

• n. V. Pratt J 

J James G. Dorr, M.D. j 

* Office Patchin Building * 
2 Residence 2 Bast Ave. J 

?T IS MY BUSINESS to sup- 
ply you with the Choicest 
Dry Goods and the Best 
Groceries at the lowest prices. And 
no one can enter my store and not 
be convinced that I have learned my 
le.sson, and pa.'^sed my examination 
in the school of experience. You 
can have the benefit. I am prepared 
to meet all your wants at the fairest 




B. J. BAKER, D. D. S. • 

Dental Parlors? 

=^ t 


F. Allen DeGraw 

I Attorney at Law 

Patchin Building. 

Wayland, N. Y. 

a Kimmel Building Wayland, N. Y 



Schwan, Elizabeth G. Mrs. 12 Filmore 
Ella M do 

Frederick M. do 

Florence E 1 7 W Naples 
Herman F. 12 Filmore 
Jamts, do 

John J. do 

SCHWAN, LEWIS A. Tailor, h 12 Filmon; 

Margaret K do 

Schwingle, Annis S. 13 La'ck'a 
Emma C. 76 E Naples 
Emma M. 13 Lack'a 
Frederick, 1 h 12 Lack'a 
George J. 1 h 13 Lack'a 
Ida, 15 E Naples 
James C. 13 Lack'a 
John A. Farmer, 76 E. Naples 
Mary, Mrs. do 

Minnie, Mrs. 12 Lack'a 
SCOTT, BQRTON J. Blacksmith, h 12 Pine 
Grover C. do 

Lewie R. do 

Viola J. Mrs. do 

Shafer, Catharine, Mrs. wid h 21 Lincoln 
: Charles M, 94 E Naples 
:: Delia, do 

::Elsie I Mrs. do 
George E. 1 h 8 Cass 
IGrace E. 94 E Naples 
IHerbert E. Farmer h 94 E Naples 
Isabella, Mrs. 8 Cass 
IJames G. Farmer, h 94 E Naples 
*John, 1 b Commercial House 
f. Martha, Mrs. wid h 94 E Naples 
SHAFFER & WOLFF. Lumber Yard and 
Planning-Mill, Clark St. J^cob Shaf- 
fer, Anthon Wolff 
Anna L. Mrs. 17 N. Scott 
Barbara, Mrs. 35 W Naples 
Frank J. Electrician, 17 N Scott 
Herman J. Barber, Chas. Henchen, b 19 
SHAFFER, JACOB, Lumber, Shaffer & 
Wolff, Electric Lighting, S. W. & 
Co. h 19 Hamilton 
John, Ret'd, h 35 W Naples 
Maryan, Mrs. 19 Hamilton 
Raymond H 17 N Scott 
William G. Musician, b 19 Hamilton 
SHAVER, ANDREW C. Blacksmith, Kes- 
ter & Shaver, h 18 Fremont 
Cora H. Mrs. b 28 E Naples 
Dale, I b do 

Daniel E. iB Fremont 
Fannie C. Mrs. do 
Mildred E. do 

Shaun, Alma F. Mrs. b 41 Lacic'a 

Frederick M. 1 b do 
Shelly. D. Benjamin, 1 h 11 Lack'a 
Delia, Mrs. do 

Harliman H. do 

Joseph B. do 

William R. do 

ISherman, Anna 99 E Napies 
|Edgar B. Farmer, h do 
{Eva, Mrs. do 

^Frederick do 

jljennie, do 

Shoemaker, James K, 1 h 3 Washington 
Laura L. do 

Louis, Mrs. do 

Showalter, Horace, Cigarmaker, Steuben Cig- 
ar Co , b 6 Washington 
Showers, Delia,. Mrs. 67 E Naples 

Eunice, Mrs. do 

Frank E, Newsdealer, b do 

Frederick W. Tel, Operator, h 97 E Naples 

James E. Insurance, h do 

tShults, Alonzo J. Farmer, h 83 E Naples 

Gertrude, Mrs Dressmaking, b 7 S Main 
Sick, Katherine C. Mrs wid b 3 Sullivan 
Silbereisen, Leo, 1 b 2 Mill 
Simmons, .Melissa J. h 5 Water 

William H. 1 b do 
Simon, Caspar, Engineer, h 8 Filmore 

Eugene, do 

Katherine. do 

Mary A. Mrs. do 

Sisters of St. Joseph, 25 Fremont 




SKINNER, GEORGE M. M. D. b New Way- 
land House 

Hallie. 5 N Wayland 

Hattie, Mrs. do 
Smalt, Addie, Mrs 5 N Wayland 

Barbara, 17 Rosenkrans 

Bert A. Clerk, F. K. Smith, b 21 Lincoln 

Edward, 17 Rosenkrans 

Frank L. 1, h 5 N Wayland 

George, 1, h 17 Rosenkrans 

George J, " 

Herman, " 


May, 30 Lincoln 

Vera, 5 N vVayland 
Smelzer, Adelaide, 20 Lack'a 

Josephine, Mrs. do 

Quinton R, do 

William A. 1, h do 

William E. do 

Smith, Carrie H. Mrs. 4 Fremont 

Christian C. 1, h do 

Elmer T. 1, h 28 S Wayland 
SMITH, FRANK K., Grocer, 5 N Main, h 17 
W Naples 

George E Ret'd, b 25 Hamilton 

Hattie, Mrs. 28 S Wayland 

Hazel A. do 

Ira H. do 

|Katie, 100 Lack'a 

Margaret, Mrs. 17 W Naples 
Snader, Clara, Mrs. 6 Washington 

Margaret, do 

SNADER, NEWTON, Steuben Cigar Co., h 

6 Washington 
SNYDER & PATCHIN, Druggists, 2 N Main 
Martin W, Snyder, Bert C. Palchin 

Adice V. Mrs. ti Pine 

Anna M. 42 S Main 
SNYDER, CHARLES, Hardware, 10 N Main 
h II Pine 

Etta M. Mrs. 4 Lack'a 

Frank, I, b 42 S Maiu 

George, Tinsmith, b 2 Filmore 

Jane, Mrs. 42 S Main 

Lewis B. 1, h do 
SNYDER, MARTIN W. Druggist, Snyder Si 
Patchin h 4 Lack'a 

Reva M. 11 Pine 













Jorge, Gladys N. 41 S Main STURM, FREDERICK J. News and Cigar 

Harold J. do dealer, h 15 Rosenkrans 

Katherine M. Mrs. do Lewis C. do 

Walter A. ^° r^ ^t ,^ u c SWARTHOUT, CHARLES M. Harnessmaker 

William F. shoemaker, Geo. Nold, h 41 b j^ Main 

, . J^^''' „, ■ . , George E. do 
Dpain, Frances, 32 Washington 

John, 1, h do 

Julia, Mrs. do 

Spencer, Peter S. 1, b 10 Washington 

Squires, Charles, 1, h 3 Charles X 

Hervie, Mrs. do ,„ , _.,,^ t^ , , , „ »t , 

Lg^fj (Jq Teed, Gilbert, Ret d, h 30 E Naples 

Staley, a! Josephine, teacher, II S Scott |TEED, HARVEV J blacksmith, h Spring- 
Charles, 1, b do water 

Isaac W. policeman h do Tenbrooke, Aaron K. machinist, h 31 S Way- 
Lillian M. teacher do land 
Rebecca, Mrs do Hattie A. 31 S Wayland 

Stannarius, Anna M. 20 Hamilton J. LeRoy do 

Emma Mrs. wid. b 8 Mill Mary C. Mrs. do 

George H. Deputy Postmaster, b 32 S Thornton, Charles L. igth U. S. Inf., Co. B. 

Wayland b 15 Lack'a 

Ida L. 32 S Wayland *Tibbals, M. Elizabeth, Mrs. h 4 Pine 

John, 1, h do TIERNEY, DANIEL, Agt. Erie R. R. h 3 

Louisa. Mrs. do Filmore 

Staub, Walter, 1 b Granger Place Irene 3 Filmore 

Stein. Doretta, 23 E Naples Katharine, Mrs. do 

George J. 1, h do Kittie a. do 

Ma°gartt K. Mrs. do TINKER, CHARLES C. Undertaker, h 9 

Steinhardt, Mayola, W. Mrs. 13 W Naples „^^^^,^ , , , 

Urban H. operator and ticket agt, Erie R. J- Carroll 9 Lack a 

R h 13 W Naples busan S. Mrs do 

Stemler, Anna? 26 Fremont tTotten, Edith F. 91 E Naples 

Elvina, Mrs. 49 S Main 

STEMLER, JOHN B. Rev. Pastor Catholic Frederick, 1, h do 

Church, h 26 Fremont Grace C. i Sullivan 

Sterner, Arlo J. 8 Hamilton JJames H. farmer, 91 E Naples 

Hattie, Mrs. do Lena A. Mrs. 1 Sullivan 

STERNER, JOHN I. Merchant 4 N Main h do ?J^™'!; "^g,^ ^^% xt 1 

Lester C do Mary E. Mrs. gi E Naples 

IStewart, Charles H. 95 E Naples Murray M. painter, h i Sullivan 

^ tCoraB. Mrs. do tSyrena B. teacher, 91 E Naples 

!williamH.l,h do ^Ht^r M^ ^Sullivan '° 
STEUBEN CIGAR CO. 8 N Main, William Tourtlotte, Joseph, 1, h 20 Sullivan 
H. Foltz, Newton Snader, Abram Tyler, Clarence, 2 Filmore 

Fidler Floyd, do 

STEUBEN HOUSE, Hotel, 33 N Main, Frank William. 1, h do 

, Engel, Prop. 
ST. JAMES HOTEL, 26-28 N. Main, Nicholas 

Last, Prop. 
St. John, Albina, h 14 Lincoln 

C. A. Mrs. wid. b 2 Cass U 

Elizabeth, Mrs. wid. b 35 W Naples 
Stock, Dorr, 69 S Main 

Elizabeth, Mrs. do 

Mabel, do 

William H. 1, h do 

Stocking, George E. 1, h 34 Lack'a Nellie C. , ,^°. ^ a x 

Gertrude L Mrs. do Nettie A. Central telephone, Snyder & 

Struble, Edwin G. 11 Lack'a Patchin b 56 E Naples 

E. Mildred, do William H. clerk, b do 

F. Gilbert, 1, h do UNION ADVERTISER, Printing office, 15 S 

G. Claire, do Wavland, H. Boyington Newell, Prop 
Ida M Mrs do j .< = 

Sturm, Anna D. 15 Rosenkrans UNITED STATES EXPRESS CO., La^'a 

Elizabeth, Mrs. do Charles NeiU, Ag't. Uptown office 

f Franklin G. do Weinhart Bros. 18-20 N. Main 

Underham, Harry M. h 

56 E Naples 



Jennie C. 


Jennie H. 



Nellie C. 


Nettie A. 


telephone, £ 



G. D. A B R A M S 


''BIG 4'' 





Flour and Feed. 

Exchange and Custom Grinding. 


''Big Four" and ''Fancy Patent. 




VACUUM OIL CO , Milliman St., John L. 

Weinhart, Distributing Ag't. 
Van Liew, Bird L. n Sullivan 

Henry P. lecturer h do 

Martha E. Mrs. do 

Percy E. do 

VOGT, GEORGE, Clothier, Rauber & Vogt, 
b Springwater 
Nellie, b Bryant House 
JTheckla, Mrs. wid. b 78 Naples 


Walker, AUie R. Mrs. wid h 28 E Naples 

John C. farmer, hi? Sullivan 

Mildred M. 28 E Naples 

Sarah V. Mrs. 17 Sullivan 
Wallace, George, 1, b 12 Lack'a 
Walling, George, 1, b 37 S Main 

G. Harmon, Ret'd, b do* 

Nina, Index clerk, b do 
Watkins, Lorenzo C. Ret'd, h 3 Mill 

Mary E. Mrs. do 

WAYLAND ADVANCE, Village office 6 S 
Main, Harry J Niles Prop. 


George Mattes, Manager 

krans, Wesley R. Guile, Manager 

CIATION, 9 N- Main, George Nold, 
Pres. P. H. Zimmerman, Sec. 


Kiehl, Prop. 
WAYLAND MILLS. Inc. Clark St. Walter 

D. Wilcox, Charles J. Coxe 
WAYLAND REGISTER, Printing office, 12 

W Naples, Bert Goodrio, Prop. 
Weiermiller, Anna M. Mrs. 47 Washington 
Christian J. builder, h do 

Katheiine, do 

Ruth, do 

Weinhart, Agnes E. 3 Water 

Barbara, Mrs. do 
WEINHART BROS, Grocers and Livery, 
18 20 N Main, Joseph F. Weinhart, 
Conrad H. Weinhart. 
Charles C. Clerk, Weinhart Bros, b 6 N 
WEINHART, CONR \D H. Grocer, Wein- 
hart Bros, h 16 S Main 
Frank A. clerk, Weinhart Bros., b 5 N 

Franklin A. 3 Water 
Helen O. Mrs. 16 S Main 
Ida B 6 N Scott 

John L Vacuum oil delivery, h 3 Water 
John U. Ret'd, h 14 S Main 
WEINHART, JOSEPH F. Grocer, Weinhart 
Bros, h 6 N Scott 
Lottie, 16 S Main 
Mary E. Mrs 6 N Scott 
William, 16 S Main 

Weld, Mary B. Mrs. 37 Lincoln 
Seeley A. 1, h do 

Wendel W. do 


Daniel Tierney Agt. 
Wenner, Anna, 12 Lincoln 
Charles, builder h do 


Erie R R. Station, N Main, Urban 

H. Steinhart, Manager 
White, Alexander L. Photographer, h 5 St. 

Estella, Mrs. do 
Whiteman, Esther A. 22 Fremont 

WHITEMAN, GEORGE E. President of Vil- 
lage, farmer, h do 

Ruth R. do 

Ursula A. Mrs. do 

■ Wicks, Anna J. 31 Lincoln 

Delia C. Mrs. 33 Washington 

Ethel, do 

George, cooper, h 31 Lincoln 

Henry, cooper b do 

John, cooper h 33 Washington 

Catherine B. Mrs. 31 Lincoln 

Leona M. 33 Washington 

Oliver R. do 

*Wilber, Ira, Ret'd, 18 Filmore 

Lovica, Mrs. b 3 N Wayland 

Martha A. Mr.=. 18 Filmore 
Wilcox, Glen A. 2 Cass 

Minnie L. Mrs. do 

William H. do 
"'Willcox, De Forrest, Ret'd, b Rosencrans 

Mildred S. do 

Nellie A. Mrs. do 

Sylvia T. Mrs. b do 

WILLCOX, WALTER D. miller, W. D. Will- 
cox & Co. h do 
Wilson, Clifford, 7 Sullivan 

Ella E. do 

Emma, Mrs. do 

William F. 1, h do 

WOLF, MORRIS, clothier, 15 N Main, b 
Bryant House 
Ray, Mrs. b do 
Wolff, Anne, 33 Hamilton 

WOLFF, ANTHOV, lumber, Shaffer and 
Wolff, Electric Lighting, S. W. & Co. 
h 33 Hamilton 

Caroline, Mrs. do 

Frank F. 1, h 34 1-2 S Main 

Frederick W. bookkeeper, b 33 Hamilton 

Helen F. do 

John A engineer, b do 

Joseph, mill hand, b 33 Hamilton 

Mary A. Mrs. 34 1-2 S Main 

William, mill hand, b 33 Hamilton 
Wood, E. Josephine, b 22 S Wayland 

Lowman, C. b do- 

Woodard. Emma, 45 Washington 

J. Dora, mfg. extracts, h do 

May Mrs do 

Wright, Chauncey S. farmer h 37 S Main 

Ella K. Mrs . 3 Maple 

Leland H. J. do 

Mary S. Mrs. 37 S Main 

S. Grant, 1, h 3 Maple 








N. nain St., Wayiand. 




Bank Building. 

Commercial House. 

All Modern Improvements. 
. . Unsurpassed Cafe. . . 

/V, Schu^ Jr, 


♦ ♦ 

i M. F. noosE, t 






♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

I X 









Y Viola M. 2\ Hamilton 
ifoGhem. Jacob, clerk, F. K. Smith, b 17 W YOUNG WALTER E. music store,, h 20 E 

Naples Naples 
fYohann, Clara, Springwater Highway 
tKatherine, do 
; :Margaret, Mrs. do 
::Martin, do 

::Peter, farmer do 2 

: Peter H. do . o w • 

;:Sorilla, do Zeilbeer, Caroline, Mrs, wid. h 8 S Mam 

Young, Arthur F. 20 E Naples ZEILBEER. CHARLES F. Shoe dealer b do 

Catherine, Mrs. do Ella, teacher b do 

Emma Mrs do Zimmerman, Amelia, Mrs. ir N Scott 

Fay, bartender, D. Lerch, b 18. N Main Beatrice H. do 

George, Ret'd, h 24 Hamilton C. Edgar, 28 S Main 

George C 1, h 5 Sullivan Emanual N; 1 1 N Scott 

Gertrude B. Mrs. 24 W Naples Florence E. 23 Rosenkrans 

Helen A Mrs. 5 Sullivan Harold J. 11 N Scott 

YOUNG, JAMES E. mfgr, Green & Young h Madge M. do 

18 N Main ZIMMERMAN, PETER H. Postmaster 11 N 

La Fayette. Ret'd h 24 W Naples Scott 

Lemuel. 1, h 20 E Naples Peter H. Jr. 11 N Scott 

Orrie. Mrs. 18 N Main Victor B. do 

S. Bronson, fireman, h 24 W Naples Wilhelmina H. do 




i The Old Reliable Shoe House 




The Greatest 
Shoe for 
Women on 
the American 
Market to-day 
is the 

Queen Quality 




For Gents. 

and the 
W. L. Douglass 

I Makes. 


Exaci Reprodiicticn o,' iliis Style Shoe. 

O MATTER what may be your taste in a shoe 
our variety is so large that we are sure to 
please you. Our line is complete, from the 
smallest child's to the largest woman's or man's, and 
at prices astonishingly low. 

My custom shop is equipped with the latest im- 
proved machinery, and only one in Rochester is equal 
to mine. No more nails in ladies' shoes. Sewed 
shoes, when tapped are sewed again while you wait. 







President: — George E. Whiteman, 22 Fremont street. 
Trustees: — John J. Morris, 24 E Naples 

Ernest Kiiauer, 23 Rosenkrans 

George IVI. Peabody, 29 Fremont 

Frederick C. Lander, 10 S Scott 
Clerk: Nicholas Schu, Jr., i E Naples 


President, Christopher S. Folts, 6 Mill ; Secretary, Philip N. Conrad, 27 Fremont ; 
Registration Clerk, Jacob N. Rauber, 15 E Naples, 
Health Officer, Dr. George M. Skinner, 10 N Main 


Campbell, Collins C. ; Capron, Louis J. ; Glover, Harvey; Moora, Henry L. ; 

Pursel, Frank D.; Rosenkrans, Maynard H. ; Staley, IsTac ; 

Underham, Harry M. ; Wright, Chauncey. 


President, William W. Clark, 20 Hamilton 
Clerk, Peter H. Zimmerman, 1 1 N Scott 
Trustees, R. Charles Neill, 18 Sullivan; Mrs. Gertrude Shults, 7 S Main ; 
Wesley R. Guile, 28 W Naples. 



Embraces every Good Point in Shoe Construction : 


Prices have always been consistent with quality. 

Cheapness of material has always been avoided. 

Satisfaction has always been guaranteed. 

Once a customer always a customer. 

Careful consideration of our patrons' needs, together with a per- 
sistent effort to please the shoewearing public is the combination that 
unlocks our successful career. 




VOL. II, NO. VII._ WAYLAND, N. Y., THURSDAY, JUNE 27, I901. ^i. pgR yEAR. 




First National Bank of Wayland, corner Main and W Naples, capital ^50,000. 
Organized 1899. William W. Clark, President ; Martin Kimmel, Vice- 
president ; John J. Morris, cashier. 

Directors : — William W. Clark, John Hill, Martin Kimmel, John J. Morris, Mrs. 
L. G. J-rvis, Henry V. Pratt, Bert C. Patchin, Addison L. Morley, Wiley 
W. Capron. 

Wayland Dime Saving and Loan Association, 9 N Main. Organized 1887. Assets 
^66,183. Members 200. George Nold President, A. L. Morley Vice- 
President, C. S. Folts, treasurer, Peter H. Zimmerman, secretary. 

Directors : — George Nold, C. S. Folts, John Walker, Sylvester Dodge, A. L. 
Morley, P. H. Zimmerman, John Kimmel, Peter Gessner. 


Wayland Advance — Office 6 S Main, H. J. Niles, Editor and Publisher, weekly, 
Thursday. Subscription ^i. Established 1900. 

Wayland Register — Office 12 W Naples, Bert Goodno, Editor and Publisher, 
weekly, Wednesday. Subscription^!. Established 1888. 

Union Advertiser — Office 15 S Wayland. H. Boyington Newell, Editor and Pub- 
lisher. Weekly, Saturday. Subscription $\. Established 1877. 


Erie Railroad. Station N Main, Daniel Tierney, Agent. Trains depart : east, 

7:45 a. m., ii:ii a. m, 6:53 p. m. West, 5:38 a, m, 9:00 a. m, 3:56 

p. m., 7:3s p. m. 
Delaware, Lackawanna & Western railroad. Station Lack' a ave. R. Charles 

Neill, agent. Trains depart : east, 10:43 a. m., 6:45 p. m. West 4:40 

a. m., 6:43 a. m., 3:23 p. m. 
Pittsburg, Shawmut & Northern Railroad. Station Lack'a ave. R. Charles Neill, 

agent. Trains depart : 6:45 a. m., 10:45 a. m., 3:30 p. m. Trains 

arrive : 10:10 a. m., 2:15 p. m., 6:40 p. m. 


Wells, Fargo Express Company — Office Erie Railroad Station, N Main. Daniel 

Tierney, Agent, George W. Marts messenger. 
United States Express Company — Office D. L. & W. R. R. Station, Lack'a ave. 

Uptown office, Weinhart Bros., 18-20 N. Main, R. Charles Neill, agent. 

Weinhart Bros., messengers. 


Western Union Telegraph Co. — Office Erie R. R. Station, N Main, Urban H. 
Steinhardt, manager. 


New York and Pennsylvania Telephone and Telegraph Co. Local and Long 
Distance. — Central pay office, Snyder & Patchin's 2 N Main 

Bell Telephone Co. of Buffalo, Long Distance. — Central pav office, Snyder & Pat- 
chin's 2 N Main. 












All the leading periodicals, daily, 
weekly and monthly. 

At Sturm's. 









A fine line of Fruits and Confec- 
tionery, always fresh. 

At Sturm's. 

The largest stock of Cigars and 
Tobbaccos. At Sturm's. 

An immense assortment of Pipes 
and Smokers' Sundries. 

At Sturm's. 





My repair shop is equipped 
with machinery and tools that 
enable me to execute first-class 
work neatly, promptly _ and 

I also do Gun Repairing of 
all descriptions, including re- 
bcring, re stocking and choke 
boring for Nitro powder, on 
up-to-date principles. 









Agricultural Implements. 

Carpenter Edwin A. , \ Sullivan 

Kimmel, M. & Son, g-ii N Main 

Kramer, John A. 23 Fremont. 

Loveland, Henry J,, 7 W. Naples 

Rauber, Jacob N., 15 E Naples 

Snyder, Charles, 10 N Main 

Weinhart Bros 18-20 N Main 

Granger, Mark L., 4 N Main 

Magee, John C, 2 N Main 

Rosenkrans, John A., 12 S Main 

Weiermiller, Christian J., 47 Washington 


Parsons, William, 23-25 N Main 


Abrams, Glen D , 21 N Main 
Henchen, Charles, 3 S Main 
LaTerre, Allen A. 21 N Main 
Merrill, Elbert, 2t N Main 
Shaffer, Herman J,, 3 S Main 


Abrams, Glen D. 21 N Main 


Curtis, Harris, 11 E Naples 

Dean, Stanley L., 36 N Main 

Falvey, William, 36 N Main 

Harter, Ertam 

Kester & Shaver, 11 W Naples, F. J. Kes- 

ter, A. C. Shaver 
Scott, Burton J., 42 N Main 
Teed, Harvey J., 24 S Main 


Bennett, Frank L., Elmira, N. Y. 
Bennett, Lawrence B., D. L. & W. Station 
Cay wood, William S., Incubator Co. 
Engel, Peter J., W. W. Capron, Jr. 
Fogal, Frank 

Guile, Lucile H., Canning Factory 
Millington, Fred'k. W., T. Millen&Sons 
Morris, John A., First National Bank 
Neill. .-^tewart D., Columbus, O. 
Wolff, Frederick W. 

Boots and Shoes. 

Davis Grant S., (S) 39 N Main 
Jacobs, Joseph P. (R) 6 E Naples 
Knauer, Ernest, (R) 6 S Main 
Morley, A. L., (S) 14 E Naples 
Nold, George, (R S) 6 E Naples 
Sorge. William F. (R) 6 E Naples 
Zeilbeer, Charles F. (S) 6 S Main 
(R — Repairing, S — Stock) 

Bottling Works. 

Mattes, George J. Mgr., N Scott 

Carpenters and Builders. 

Bartholomew, Arthur, 8 Water 
Folts, Christian J., 16 Washington 
Johnson, Lewis A., 12 Mill 
Johnston. Newell, 38 Rosenkrans 
Lander, Frederick C, 10 B Scott 
Lander, Frederick J., 20 Lincoln 
Lander, George W., do 

Neis, Frank, 30 Rosenkrans 
Neis, Jacob, 2 Rosenkrans 
Neis, Joseph, 30 Rosenkrans 
O^itrander, William E , 13 S Main 
Richards, Charles H., 53 Lincoln 
Robinson. Frank N.. 65 S Main 
Robinson. Stephen E , 41 S Wayland 

Weiermiller, Christian J., 47 Washington 
Wenner, Charles, 12 Lincoln 
Cigar and Newsdealer. 

Sturm, Frederick |., 31 N Main 

French, Rev. Mrs Ella J. 22 W Naples 
French, Rev. George J. do 

Janes, Rev. W. Irving, 12 Sullivan 
King, Rev. John M . 20 Fremont 
Stemler, Rev. John B.. 26 Fremont 

Adams, Charles B., G. S. Davis, 39 N 

Bowers, Harry S , J. I. Sterner, 4 N Main 
Campbell, Karl D., Morley, Carpenter & 

Co., 3 W Naples 
Clark, William H., First Nat'l Bank, cor 

Main and W Naples 
Dunne, Arthur, Bryant House 
Engel, Joseph, Cohn & Friedman, 6 N 

Folts, Charles C, J. I. Sterner, 4 N Main 
Fox, John E., George Fox 4 S Main 
Gallagher, Charles A , Bryant House 
Hall, Daniel F. Bryant House 
Hastings, Edwin P , St. James -Hotel 
Hemmer John, Val. Hemmer, 16 N Main 
Hoffman, A. Frederick, A. L. Morley, 14 

E Naples 
Kimmel, Jacob J., M. Kimmel & Son, 9-11 

N Main 
Kramer, George J., Snyder & Patchin, 2 

N Main 
McKenzie, Roy B., Chas. Snyder, 10 N 

Peabody, Arthur S., Steuben Drug Co., 

27 N Main 
Rauber, Frank D., Gottschall & Son, 7 N 

Rose Harry B., M. Wolf. 15 N Main 
Sauerbier, Wm. A., M. Kimmel & Son, 

9 II N Main 
Smalt, Bert A., F. K. Smith, 5 N Main 
Stannarius. George H., Post Office, 8 N 

Underham, Nettie A , Central Telephone, 

2 N Main 
Walling, Nina, Incubator Co., Lack'a ave 
Weinhart, Charles C, Weinhart Bros, 18- 

20 N Main 
Weinhart, Frank A., Weinhart Bros, 18- 

20 N Main 
Weinhart, John L., Vacuum Oil Co., Miil- 

Yochem. Jacob, F K. Smith. 5 N Main 
Young, Fay, D Lerch, g W Naples 
Zimmerman, Victor B , Post Office, 8 N 

Cohn & Friedman 6 N Main, David 

Cohn, . Friedman 

Rauber & Vogt, 29 N Main, Charles J 

Rauber, George Vogt 
Wolf, Morris, 15 N Main 


Hatch, Otto & Co., 55 N Main.Albert Bar- 
tholomew, Mgr. 
Magee, John C., 2 N Main 


Wicks, George, Cement Works, Lack'a ava 
Wicks, Henry, do do 

Wicks, John, do do 




T H E POPULAR ^^o'*^ 

Largest Stock 

Fairest Prices 

R,& V. 

Best Quality 

Squarest Dealing 

Ready-to-wear Clothing 

Merchant Tailoring 

Hats and Caps 



Charles J. Rauber 
George Vogt 

WAYLAND, l\. Y. 




Baker, Bertram J., D. D. S., 2 N'Main 

McPhee, J. F., D. D. S., 3 S Main 

Jacobs, Edward, 36 S Way land 

Bennett, Mrs Alida B., 13 E Naples 

Dodge, Cora 12 Lack, a 

Green, Carrie, la Fremont 

Kester, The Hisses, 7 Mill, Ruby Kester, 
Gertrude Kestei^ 

Mehlenbacher, Mrs. Kate, 12 Freiiio'nt 

Moora, Mrs. Mary F., 2g Hamilton 

Newell, Mrs. Catherine, 22 E Naples 

Shults, Mrs Gertrude, 7 S Main 

Snyder & Patchin, 2 N Main, Martin W. 
Snyder, Bert C. Patchin 

Steuben Drug Co., 27 N Main, Dr. George 
M, Peabody, Frank J. Peabody 

Dr¥ Goods. 

Gottschall, C. h Son, 7 N Main, Christian 

GottsChall, H. Alonaio Qotischall 
Morley, Carpenter & Co., 3 W Naples, 

Ray L Morley, Lucien D, Carpenter, 

A. L. Morley 
Sterner, John I., 4 N Main 
Electric Lighting. 

Shaffer, Wolff & Co., Milliman, Jacob, 

Shaffer, Anth'-n Wolff, John Kimmel 

Feed, Hay, Etc. 

Dudley, S, B ., 42 N Main 
Weinhart Bros, 18 20 N Main 


Kiel, John F., Maple 


Rauber & Deitzel, 23 E Naples, Jacob N. 
Rauber, Jacob F. Deitzel 


Davis. Grant S , 39 N Main 

Deitzel, William H., 16 E Naples 

Fox, Frank, 133 Lack 'a 

Kausch Bros., 12 N Main, William F. 

Kausch, Valentine Kausch, Jr. 
Morley, A. L., 14 E Naples 
Rauber, Nicholas, 11 Hamilton 
Smiih, Frank K., 5 N Main 
Sterner, John [„ 4 N Main 
Weinhart Bros , 18-20 N Main 

Halls, . „ , ,, 

Music Hall, 35-37 N Mam, H. L. Moora, 

Weinhart Opera House, 7 W Naples, 
Weinhart Bros., 18-20 N Main 

Kimmel, M. & Son, g-u N Main 

Snyder, Charles, 10 N Main 

Mattice, J Bert, 32 N Main 


Engel Frank, 33 N Main, Steuben House 
H.jimes, William, 13I Lack'a, Holmes 

' Last, Nicholas, 26-28 N Main, St. James 

Lieder. Otto F., 1-3 N Main. Bryant House 
Lerch, Douglas, 9 W Naples 
Locke, Albert S., 47 N M^i.n Jyocjke ^ IJpfel 

Mangan, Matthew .M., 49 N Main, New 
Wayland House 

Rauber, Jacob N., 15 E Naples, Rauber's 

Sauerbier, Albert, 3 E Naples 

Schud. Nicholas, Jr , i E Naples, Commer- 
cial House 

Tyler, Mrs. Rose C, 2 Filnfii;i¥e! 

Jervis. Charles M , 16 W Naples" 

Morris, Julian A., 5 N Main 

Schwan, Louis A., 5 E Naples 

Showers, James E., 67 E Naples 

Zimmerman, Peter H., 9 N Main 

Pardee, Amos J , 24 N Main 

Pursel, James M., 10 N Main 

Peters, Harry S., 39 N Main. Home Steam 


Bill, Christian C, 18 E Naples 

Clark & Pratt, 6 N Main, William W. 

Clark, Henry V. Pratt, William W. 

Clark, District Attorney 
DeGraw & Green, 11 N Main, F. Allen 

DeGraw, Floyd G. Green 


Avery, John, 2 W Naples 
Robinson, W. Addison, tg S Wayland 
Weinhart Bros., 18-20 N Main, Joseph F. 
Weinhart, Conrad H. Weinhart 


Branch & Son, Maple, George H. Branch, 

Clarence G. Branch 
Hatch, Otto & Co , 55 N Main, Albert 

Bartholomew, Mgr. 
Shaffer & Wolff, Clark, Jacob Shaffer, 
Anthon Wolff 

Kiel, John F., Maple 
Olney, Lee B., 26 Sullivan 

Branch & Son, Maple, Building Material, 
George H. Branch, Clarence G. Branch 
Cyphers Incubator Co., Lack'a ave. Incu- 
bators, Charles A. Cyphers, Grant M. 
Curtis, Frank G. Patchin 
Green & Young, 36 N Main, Mop Wringers 

William H. Green, James E Young. 
Kiel, John F., Maple, Casting and Foun- 
dry , 
Kiel, W. Fred, Hamilton, Shingles and 

Sawing , , _ 

Millen, T. & Sons, Lack'a, Portland Ce- 
ment, Thomas Millen, Duane Millen, 
Homer C. Millen 
O'Hara Brothers, Lack'a, Barrels and 
Cooperage, M, J O'Hara, J, P. O Hara, 
J. W. O'Hara. 
Rosenkrans, Lee Verne, 5 Hamilton, Cider 
and Vinegar ,, , • , 

Shaffer & Wolff, Clark, Building Material, 

Jacob Shaffer, Anthon Wolff 
Snyder & Patchin, 2 N Main, Proprietary 
Medicines, Martin W. Snyder, Bert 
C. Patchin 
Steuben Cigar Co , 8 N Mam, Cigars, 
William H Foltz, Newton Snader, 
Abram Fidler 




Your attention is invited to my 
line of Staple and Fancy 


Your confidence is the first 
requisite in my business. It 
is to be gained only by giving 
you the best goods for your 
money. That's why I am so 
careful to excel in quality. 

It is flattering to have people 
pleased with my large line of 


as they are personal selections 
— no "job lots," for my trade. 


and an extensive assortment 
of NOVELTIES completes a 
stock well worth a thrifty buy- 
er's notice. 






Aetna Ins. Co., 

Of Hartford, Conn. 

Hartford Fire /us. Co., 

Of Hartford, Conn, 

Phoenix ins. Co., 

Of Hartford, Conn. 

Home ins. Co., 

Of New York City. 

Continental ins. Co., 

Of New York City. 

German Alliance ins. Co., 

Of New York City. 

Glens Falls ins. Co., 

Of Glens Falls, /V. Y. 

Fidelity & Casualty 

Accident ins. Co., 

Of Sew York City. 

United States Life ins. Co. 

Of New York City. 

Office 5 North Main Street, 




Wayland Canning Factory, Rosenkrans, 
Canned Goods, Wesley R. Guile, Mgr. 
Edwin L. Matteson, Processor 

Willcox, W. D. & Co., Clark, Flour, Wal- 
ter D. Willcox, Charles J. Coxe 

Woodard, J. Dora, 45 Washington, Flavor- 
ing Extracts 

Meat Markets. 

Fox, George, 4 S Main 
Hemmer, Valentine, 16 N Main 

Merchant Tailors. 

Haas, Henry, 29 N Main, with Rauber & 

Karagan, Michael G., 3 W Naples 
Schmidt, FredericK, 32 W Main 
Schwan, Louis A., 5 E Naples 


Lafayette, Josephine, 18 S Wayland 
Conrad Sisters, 25 N Main, Katherine 

Conrad, Yetta Conrad 
Loveland, Mrs. Nellie E , 29 W Naples 
Salter, Mrs. Ella, 2 Cass 

Drakeford, W. E. & Co., 19 S Wayland, 
Andrew Redsicker-, Mgr. 


Young, Walter E., 20 E Naples 


Vacuum Oil Co., Milliman 


Hyde, Prof. Horace B., i Lack'a 


Abrams, Noble S., 7 Fremont 
Barnum, Cordie, 7 Pine 
Brown, John, 15, S Main 
Dunn. Harvey W. 26 Hamilton 
Griswold, Loui^' W-. 136 Lack'a 
John, Albert, u' Hamilton 
Kittle, Harry H., 5 Lincoln 
Munn, Frank A., 15 S Main 
Rosenkrans, Maynard H., 33 W Naples 
Schu, Frank J., 23 E Naples 
Totten, Murray M., i Sullivan 
Young, James E., 18 N Main 


Parsons, Ernest D., 10 W Naples 
White, Alexander L., 5 St. John 


Dorr, Dr. James M , 2 N Main 

Peabody, Dr. George M., 27 N Main 

Piatt, Dr. Alva A,, 10 S Main 

Skinner, Dr. George M., 10 N Main 

Capron, Wiley W., 59 N Main 

Ferrin Bros., 42 N Main, John A. Bennett 

Hatch, Otto & Co , 55 N Main, A. Bar- 
tholomew, Mgr. 

Pierce, Harrison G., 138 Lack'a 

Scott, Burton J., 42 N Main 
Sewing Machines. 

Baker, Merrit H., 12 S Wayland 

Conrad, Philip N., 27 Fremont 

Young, Walter E,, 20 E Naples 

Beeman, Nina C, Incubator Co. 

Dapper, Alice, do 

Denny, Bessie L. do 

McKay, Daisy C. do 

Telegraph Opbhators. 

Badeau. Walter, P. S. & N. R. R. 

Ford, John, D. L. & W. 

Marr, Patrick, Erie 

Rosenkrans, Merton J., Corning, N. Y. 

Rowley, Elmer E. 

Sands, George W., D L. & W. 

Showers, Frederick W. 

Steinhardt, Urban H., Erie 

Kausch Bros., 12 N Main, William F. 
Kausch, Valentine Kausch, Jr. 

Tinker, Charles C, 9 Lack'a 


Moose, Dr. M. Fletcher, 2 W Naples 

Wagon Makkrs 

Gross, Nicholas, 2 Lincoln 
Hann, Charles F., 20 N Scott 
Ryder, John M., 11 Washington 




.%*•*.*.*.*••*"•*•'* '•*»*»*»**s*»'»*»*»*»*. '•*•'•*•*•*•*•*•*•*•*•*< '•"•*•*•*•*•'.'•*•'•'•■ 


I85J. 1901. 


'1*1 \'I'*"' 




Noted for its 



High Standard of Excellence. 






°^^0 F. LIEDERS, P^O^'^' 


-*—*-**-'*'**'^'i^'*'V'**V****T''*-'''-***'*'*«*«*«*****- *»'«'«***«%*«*.* ■*.*.'*'.*.*.*.*.* 











Indian Occupation. Phelps and Gorham Purchase. Pulteney Title. 

Erection of Steuben County. Colonel Williamson, tlfforts at Settlement. 

First Settlements in Wayland. 

Patchinsville. Early Families at Village. "Old Tilden." 

Organization of the Town. Building of the Railroad. Founding of the Village. 

Village before 1 860. Town Fair. 

Wayland in the Civil War. 

i860 to 1870. 

Business Growth and Succe.ssion from 1870 to 1900 

Business Growth and Succession from 1870 to 1900 Continued. 

Events from 1870 to 1900. 

Churches and Societies. 


A.— Population of the Town and Village. B —Financial Statistics of th-e Village. 

C. Spanish War Veterans. D. — Town Ofificeis. E.— Village 

Officers, F.— Poll List of 186 1. 


?»0 COLLECT and preserve the 
annals of our village ; to record 
the facts and anecdotes in the 
lives of our predecessors, in whose strug- 
gle for existence and advancement is 
written a history not only of interest to 
ourselves, but of equal importance to 
the student of mankind with the devel- 
opment of any people of any age, is, 
the writer believes, an object that fe- 
quires no apology. 

To supplement this work with a "Di- 
rectory of the names of people resident 
in the village at the beginning of the 
century, and with pictures of the leading 
men and principal buildings, thereby 
photographing ourselves for the future, 
will, it is hoped, be an added value. 

What at the out-set seemed an easy 
task soon became one of many perplex- 
ities, as statements hitherto accepted as 
facts have in most instances been found 
unreliable, and a great deal of unex- 
pected research has been required to 
verify or correct former accounts. It 
may be said that where ever, in the 
following pages, occurs a positive state- 
ment of fact or date the reader may 
understand that the writer has secured 
evidence sufficient to warrant his asser- 
tion, — a claim made necessary by the 
carelessness of former authors. 

Contemporaneous subjects are always 
difficult of just treatment, and the writer 

has endeavored to be impartial in all 
instances, and not intrude the pleasant 
criticisms that he has often been tempted 
to make. 

That the method he has pursued in 
treating the subject will be open to 
criticism is not merely expected, but is 
cordialy invited, and suggestions of 
errors of omission and commission are 
particularly requested, to the end that, 
in time, the story of the builders of 
Wayland may be perfected for the ben- 
efit of posterity. 

The reader should keep in mind that 
our story closes with the nineteenth 
century, and business and other changes 
since January first have not been con- 

A name by name acknowledgement 
of the indebtedness that the writer feels 
is due for assistance and encourage- 
ment in the preparation of the work 
would be almost a repetition of the vil- 
lage directory, and he is, therefor, re- 
luctantly obliged to restrict personal 
mention to those who have contributed 
the articles on the several churches and 
organizations embraced in the final 
chapter, and to Mr. Henry V. Pratt and 
Mr. George H. Stannarius for their 
valued and painstaking assistance in 

Wayland, N. Y., 27th June, 1901. | 




Little more than a century ago the 
territory now included in Steuben county 
was exclusively Indian domain, and no 
white man had ventured within its 
bounds. The rivers, larger than now, 
flowed through channels clogged with 
the driftwood of years, and the hills 
and. valleys were covered with heavy 
forests inhabited by a dense population 
of wild beasts and snakes. It was not 
a place with flats and glades for native 
villages, but with hills and glens, leaf- 
darkened avenues and primeval stillness, 
it was rather the ideal hunting ground 
for the stealthy red man. Now, red 
man and deer have vanished, forest and 
stream have shrunken, darkness and 
silence have yielded their sway before 
a civilization that with relentless tread 
is leading the onward march, and a cen- 
tury hence the record of this early time 
will read as fable. 

The Indians who occupied this part 
of the country at the time of its discov- 
ery were a remarkable people. They 
were brave, haughty and eloquent, — 
traits, which partially viewed, have 
acquired for them a title of nobleness, 
but they were also cunning, treacherous 
and cruel, and despite philanthropic 
sympathy, were thoroughly savage. 

The Mohawk, Onondaga, Oneida, 
Cayuga and Seneca tribes were bound 

together in a confederacy, or warfare 
league, and were called by themselves 
"Mingoes," or united people. The En- 
glish named them "Five Nations," and 
the French, "Iroquois." In 171 2 the 
Tuscaroras were admitted, making six 
nations. Their home was New York 
state, and from the Hudson to Lake 
Erie they called Ho-de-no-sau-nee, or 
the Long House, and no stranger was 
allowed to enter this territory without 

The grand council house was on the 
banks of Onondaga lake, and the Onon- 
dagas were entrusted with its care and 
with attention to the sacred council fires, 
and were also entitled to the presiding 
officer. Each tribe had one representa- 
tive in the council, except the Senecas, 
who, from numerical preponderance, had 
two. The council had no power beyond 
the weight of its opinion, which must be 
unanimous, and which was really abso- 

The Mohawks furnished the comman- 
der-in-chief of the warriors, of which 
there were about 2,500, aside from th^ 
levies made on subject tribes. The 
tribes of the confederacy were entirely 
independent, and could vote, or refuse 
to join in war without offense to their 

When first visited by traders the glory 
of their rule was evidently on the wane, 
though they then held dominion over 
most of the tribes east of the Mississip- 
pi, and the fate of expatriation they had 



so mercilessly dealt to their predecessors 
was in store for themselves. 

The "west door" to the Long House 
was guarded by the Senecas, who were 
thus the first known landlords of the 
village of Wayland. Concerning their 
origin and the people which they (dis- 
possessed the following tradition is pre- 
served in Seaver's Life of Mary Jemison; 

"The tradition of the Seneca Indians 
in regard to their origin is that they 
broke out of the earth from a large 
mountain at the head of Canandaigua 
lake and that mountain they still ven- 
erate as the place of their birth. Thence 
they derive their name "Ge nun-de- 
wah," or "great hill," and are called the 
great hill people, which is the true defi- 
nition of the word Seneca. The great 
hill at the head of Canandaigua lake, 
from whence they sprung, is called Ge- 
nun-de-wah, and has for a long time 
past been the place where the Indians 
of this tribe met in council to hold great 
talks ' and to offer up prayers to the 
Great Syiirit, on account of its having 
been their birthplace ; and also in con- 
sequence of the destruction of a Ser- 
pent at that place, in ancient time, in a 
most miraculous manner, which threat- 
ened the destruction of the whole of 
the Senecas, and barelv spared enouch 
to commence replenishing the earth 
The Indians say that the fort on the big 
hill, or Ge-nun-de-wah near the head 
of Canandaigua lake, was surrounded 
by a monstrous serpent, u hfjse head and 
tail came together at the gate A long 
time it lay there, confounding the peo- 
ple with its breath. At length they at- 
tempted to make their escape, — some 
with their homony blocks, and others 
with different implements of household 
furniture, and in marching out of the 
fort walked down the throat of the ser- 
pent. Two orphan children who' had es 
caped this general destruction, being left 
on this side of the fort, were informed 
by an oracle of the means by which they 
could get rid of their formidable enemy, 

— which was to take a small bow, and a 
poisoned arrow made of a kind of willow, 
and with that shoot the serpent under 
the scales. This they did, and the arrow 
proved effectual ; for, on its penetrating 
the skin, the serpent became sick, and, 
extending itself, rolled down the hill, 
breaking down all the timber that was 
in its way, and disgorging itself as it 
went. At every motion a human head 
was discharged and rolled down the 
hill into the lake, where they lie to this 
day m a petrified state, having the hard- 
ness and appearance of stones ; and the 
pagan Indians of the Senecas behevel 
that all the little snakes were made 
from the blood of the great serpent; 
after it rolled into the lake. To this 
day the Indians visit that sacred place 
to mourn the loss of their friends, and 
celebrate some rites that are peculiar to 
themselves. To the knowledge of the 
white people there has been no timber 
on the great hill since it was first dis- 
covered by them, though it lay appar- 
ently in a state of nature for a great 
number of years without cultivation. 
Stones the shape of Indians heads may 
be seen l>ing in the lake in great plenty, 
which are said to be the same that were 
deposited there at the death of the ser- 

The Senecas have a tradition that 
previous to, and for some time after 
their oiigin at Ge-nun-de-wah the coun- 
try, especially about the lakes, was 
thickly inhabited by a race of civil, en- 
terprising and industrious people, who 
were totally destroyed by the great ser- 
pent, that afterward surrounded the 
great hill fort, and that they (the Sene-; 
cas) went into the possession of the im- 
provements that were left by this race. 
In thise days the Indians throughout 
the whole country — as the Senecas say 
— spoke one language ; but having be- 
come considerably numerous, the before 
mentioned great sei pent, by an unknown 
influence, confounded their language so 
that they could not understand each 
other, which was the cause of their di- 
vision into nations, as the Mohawks, 



Dneidas etc. At that time, however, 
the Senecas retained the original lang- 
uage and continued to occupy their 
mother hill on which they . fortified 
themselves against their enemies and 
lived peacably, until, having offended 
the serpent, they were cut off as here- 
tofore remarked." 

At the close of the Revolution the 
tide of settlement which the war had 
temporarially checked again set in, and 
for the protection of the settlers, the 
governments of the United States and 
the state of New York took steps to 
treat with the natives for their lands. A 
company of speculators endeavored to 
forestall these efforts by securing in ad- 
vance leases of territory from the In- 
dians, and succeeded in obtaining from 
the Six Nations a lease for nine hundred 
and ninety-nine years to all their lands 
in New York state for twenty thousand 
dollars, and an annual rental of two 
thousand dollars, the Indians reserving 
fishing and hunting privileges. In face 
of strong oppostion represented by an 
active lobby, Gov. George Clinton was 
able to counteract this proceeding, and 
prevent the consumation of a scheme 
which it is said to have veiled, to annex 
the western end of this state to Canada 
and recover it to English rule. 

The charter granted to the Massa- 
chusetts Bay company by the English 
crown in 1691 included all lands be- 
tween Long Island Sound and the mouth 
of the Penobscot river, and from the At- 
lantic Ocean to to the Pacific, while the 
grant by Charles I to his son, Duke of 
York, in 1663 entended indefinitely 
westward from a line running north from 
the Atlantic Ocean to the Canada bor- 
der, and twenty miles east of the Hudson 
river. These conflicting boundaries 
:aused considerable friction between the 

colonies, and at one time almost resulted 
in a clash at arms. In 1 786 representa- 
tives of these two states met at Hart- 
ford, Conn., and made a compromise 
whereby Massachusetts relinquished to 
New York her claim to the "right and 
title of government, sovereignty and 
jurisdiction" to lands in this state, and 
New York ceded to her the pre-emp- 
tion right to all lands west of a line to 
be run due north from the eighty-second 
mile stone in the north boundary of 
Pennsylvania, excepting a narrow strip 
along the Niagara river. This pre-emp- 
tion line began at the south-east corner 
of Steuben county and ran to Sodus 
Bay, and the compromise placed the 
site of Wayland at the disposal of Mass- 

Soon after this cession the Phelps and 
Gorham company purchased of Massa- 
chusetts all the lands thus acquired in 
Western New York, amounting to about 
six million acres, for which they were to 
pay three hundred thousand dollars in 
Massachusetts script, then worth about 
fifty cents on the dollar, and extinguish 
the Indian title. Oliver Phelps, one of 
the company, visited the Senecas, and 
after several days' parley with the chiefs 
at Buffalo Creek, succeeded in purchas- 
ing about two million six hundred thou- 
sand acres, the purchase price being 
five thousand dollars, and five hundred 
dollars annually thereafter forever. The 
described boundaries as taken from the 
old deed in the Land Office at Bath are: 

"Beginning on the boundary line of 
the state of Pennsylvania, in parallel 42° 
at a point 82 miles west from the north- 
east corner of Pennsylvania on the Del- 
aware river, as said line has been run 
and marked by the commissioners of 
the states of New York and Pennsyl- 
vania, and from said point, or place of 



beginning, running west upon said line 
to a meridian which will pass through 
that corner or point of land made by 
the confluence of the Kanahasgueaicon 
(Canaseraga) creek with the waters of 
the Genisee river ; thence north along 
said meridian to the corner or point last 
mentioned ; thence northwardly along 
the waters of the said Genisee to a 
point two miles north of Kanawageras 
village, as called ; thence running in a 
direction due west, twelve miles ; thence 
in a direction northwardly, so as to be 
twelve miles distant from the most west- 
wardly bounds of said Genisee river, 
to the shore of the Ontario lake ; thence 
eastwardly along the shores of the said 
lake to a meridian which will pass 
through the first point, or place of be- 
ginning, aforementioned ; thence south 
along said meridian to the first point, or 
place of beginning aforementioned." 

This deed is signed by fifty-nine 
chiefs and warriors viz ; Mohawks 3 ; 
Oneidas 3 ; Onondagas 8 ; Cayugas 23 ; 
Senecas 22, and by seven squaws, or 
"governesses," for the Indians respected 
a dcv/er right of their wives in their 

real-estate, and it is attested by the bold 
signature of John Hancock, then gover- 
nor of Massachusetts. By the terms of 
this deed Wayland became the property! 
of the Phelps and Gorham company. 
Being unable to deal farther with the 
Indians the company surrendered the 
balance of the territory back to the; 
state of Massachusetts, which relievedl 
them of two-thirds of the contract price, 
and what they actually became possessed 
of cost them, aside from the annuity, 
about four cents per acre, which is 
doubtless all it was then worth. 

On Nov. 17, 1790, Phelps and Gor- 
ham sold their purchase, excepting 
tracts previously taken up by settlers, 
to Robert Morris, the former Secretary of 
the Continental Treasury, for thirty thou- 
sand pounds New York state currency. 
He in turn sold to Sir William Pulteney, 
of England, and others the following 
year. It is to the Pulteney estate that 
we trace the deeds of our homes. 



Western New York was simultaneous- 
ly invaded by the army of migration 
from two directions, New England's 
contingent coming by way of the Mo- 
hawk, and that from Pennsylvania by 
the Susquehanna and Chemung, and 
the first Indian traders, those heralds 
of advancing civilization, appeared the 
same year, 1786, at Onondaga and at 
Painted Post. 

The Hudson river country and Long 
Island had early been divided into coun- 
ties by the English, but at this time the 
territory west of Rome was almost terra 
incognita, and was called "Indian coun- 
try," and was included in the one town 
of Whitestown. To accommodate the 
scattered settlers elections were opened 
at Cayuga Ferry, adjourned to Onon- 
daga and then to Whitestown. At an 
early town meeting James Wadsworth, 
of Geneseo, the grandsire of Congress- 
man Wadsworth, was elected one of the 
pathmasters of this wilderness town ex- 
tending over half the state. 

In 1789 all that part of the state 
west of the old pre-emption line was 
organized as Ontario county, and seven 
years later, 1796, Steuben county was 
created, being the twenty-fourth county 
in the state in order of erection. At that 
time it had about one thousand inhabi- 
tants, and was divided into six towns : 
Bath, Dansville, Canisteo, Painted Post, 
Middletown and Fredericktown — the 
names of but three of which have 


N. Y. 49 

dured. The town of Dansville con- 
tained the present towns of Dansville, 
Fremont, Wayland and parts of Cohoc- 
ton and Howard. 

A glance at the early maps — maps 
imperfectly drawn, and of a period 
when natural waterways were the only 
commercial avenues — shows that, ex- 
cepting the St. Lawrence and Great 
Lake system, the Susquehanna with the 
Chemung, the Canisteo and Conhocton 
rivers, navigable for hundreds of miles 
inland and penetrating to the very door 
of the Genesee country, famed for its 
fertility, and to the confines of the un- 
known west, with its boundless possibil- 
ities, was the route that would become 
the great continental highway, and a 
city built at its headwaters would grow 
opulent from tolls on limitless products 
seeking the world's markets. The dream 
of Colonel Williamson and his principals 
that the village of Bath was destined 
to become the entrepot of the great 
west, visionary as it seems to people 
familiar with railroads, was not without 
reason in their time. The effort and 
ability spent in launching the "boom" 
and hastening its development exhibited 
a genius unsurpassed in more recent 
times by the builders of our western 

Sir William Pulteney and his company 
having purchased the Phelps and Gor- 
ham tract deeded it to Colonel Charles 
Williamson, who had become a natural- 
ized citizen of the United States (i) and 
held the estate in trust for the company 
until the laws permitted aliens to own 
real estate. 

Of Colonel. Williamson, Judge Mc- 
Master says in his History : 

(i) Colonel Williamson's oath with his naturalization papers was as follows: "I, Charles 
Williamson, gentleman, being duly sworn on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God, do say 
that I will support the Constitution of the United States. Charlks Williamson." 

"Done in open Court at Philadelphia, June 9, 1792. J. Yeates, Justice Supreme Court." ' 



"He was a man of spirit, energy and 
ability. Prepossessing in person, free 
and frank in manner, generous and 
friendly in disposition, he is remembered 
to this day as a "fine fellow" by the 
farmers who were once young pioneers, 
and opened his roads and hewed his 
forests. A keen follower of sports, a 
lover of the horse, the rifle and the 
hound, he was accounted a man by the 
rudest foresters. High-bred, intelHgent, 
of engaging address, and readily adapt- 
ing himself to the circumstances of all 
men, he was equally welcome to the 
cabin of the woodsman or the table of 
the Peer ; and whether discussing a 
horse race with Canisteo, a school pro- 
ject with Prattsburg, or the philosophy 
of over-shot wheels with Bartle's Hoi- 
low, he was entirely at home, and pro- 
nounced opinions which were listened 
to with respeqt. His hale, prompt, 
manly greeting won for him the good 
will of the settler, and gave him influ- 
ence at the occasional assembhes of the 

"He had a gallant and impetuous way 
of doing what was to be done. Where 
he was everything was kept stirring. 
The ordinary routine of a land agent's 
life had no charms for him. To sit in 
a drowsy office the live-long day, among 
quills and maps and ledgers, hearing 
complaints of failing crops, sickness and 
hard times, pestered with petitions for 
making new roads and mending bridges 
was unendurable. He must ride through 
the woods, talk with the settlers, awaken 
the aliens, show his lands to strangers, 
entertain gentlemen from abroad. 

"He was dark of feature, tall, slender, 
and erect of figure. His habits were 
active, and he pleased the foresters by 
vaulting lightly to his saddle and scour- 
ing the roads at full gallop." 

Colonel Williamson arrived at Balti- 
more in 1 79 1, and after some time de- 
voted to interesting soiithern settlers in 
his scheme of development, set out the 

following winter for his new domain, 
travehng by way of the Hudson and 
Mohawk, thence by Indian trails to the 
Genesee country, and then back to 
Northumberland on. the Susquehanna 
at the mouth of the West Branch, where 
he made his first headquarters for colo- 
nization and improvements. The fol- 
lowing summer he built a wagon 
road over the rnountains — a seemingly 
impossible undertaking — co n n e c t i n g 
Northumberland with Dansville. This 
road, known in this locality as the "old 
Bath road," came up the Conhocton 
valley to North Cohocton, thence 
through the south-east corner of the 
town of Springwater, down the east hill, 
across the upper end of the valley and 
up west hill near where the cemetery is 
now. The exact date of the construc- 
tion of the road from North Cohocton, 
through Wayland, to Dansville cannot 
be determined. It was, however, of 
early date, and a "Wiiliamson" road, 
and was mainly for winter travel, being 
too wet in the summer. In 1802 John 
Frazer's maternal grandfather came over 
it with his family. He drove a wagon 
drawn by a yoke of oxen with a horse 
as leader. Passing Bivins's where he 
was unable to procure feed, he tried 
to make Dansville, but was stalled at 
"four mile tree," — near the Yochem 
place. One of the party rode the horse 
to Dansville, and the next day brought 
assistance to the family who had camped 
there over night. 

Bath was selected by the management 
as the site of the "Babylon of the West,'' 
and every effort was made to attract 
settlers and artisans. Saw mills were 
started, houses built, roads opened, the 
rivers cleared of drift-Wood — the Con- 
hocton being declared navigable to 


twenty-two mile inn, or what is now 
North Cohocton — a race track was laid 
out where famous horses from the east 
and the south were entered, and a thea- 
ter opened with a company of actors 
from Philadelphia. 

But ten years of stupendous effort, 
aided by a prodigal use of money, 
could not make the stubborn glebe of 
Steuben compete with the fertile fields 
of the Genesee, and settlers were not 
attracted. The commerce with the 
west did not develop in a measure com- 
mensurate with the company's expecta- 
tions or expenses. Colonel Williamson 
was recalled and the dream of Bath's 
glory faded away. 

In a speech made in 185 i, William 
H. Seward, then United States Senator, 
referred to this air-castle as follows : 

"There is a town in the interior of 
the state, far away in what was lately 
known as the secluded part of it 
by name. * 
wih to speak 

N. Y. 



Of this town I 
is a beautiful but 
ley and on the banks of the Conhoccon, 
a tributaiy of the Susquehanna. But 
those who know it well have remarked 

quiet one, situated in the delightful 

that it has a broad and magnificent plan 
imperfectly filled out. There are houses 
on corners, designating streets and 
avenues, without inhabitants. In short 
it was laid out for a great city, but has 
long since renounced all arhbitious pre- 
tentions. You do not know how this 
happened. Well, the state librarian 
can give you a, small duodecimo volume, 
published in the year 1800, containing 
an account of a journey performed by 
an English gentleman in the short space 
of six weeks, from the city of New York 
all the way to Niagara Falls. That 
traveler visited Bath, then in the day- 
spring of its growth, and he recorded of 
it that it was destined to be the greatest 
commercial metropolis of New York. 
The Hudson was only a short arm of 
the sea. It did not penetrate far enough 
to take a hold of the trade of the coun- 
try. Bath was to receive all of it that 
could be diverted from the channel of 
the St. Lawrence and the market of 
Quebec, and send it down through the 
Conhocton and Susquehanna to Chesa- 
peake Bay. Had that calculation been 
realized, Bath would have been a city 
like Albany, and New York would have 
been a city over which the President 
could have had but little ambition to 




When Robert Morris made the sale 
of the Phelps and Gorham tract to the 
Pulteney company he was required to 
file a survey of the lands deeded. 
Though Mr. Phelps had made an effort 
in this direction the results were unsat- 
isfactory, and Mr. Morris, therefore, se- 
cured the services of Joseph and Benja- 
min EUicott, brothers, who had recently 

cipally on great lot number 92, which 
extends from the junction of Filmore| 
and Sullivan streets, near the cemetery, 
on the north, to the center of Mill street 
on the south, and from Granger Place 
east to the intersection of St. John and 
Naples streets on the west. 

The earliest record of settlement 
within the present limits of the town of 
Wayland is the sale of this entire lot. 
No. 92, to Christopher Zimmerman on 
March 27, 1807. Many histories have 
confused these early facts, some claiming 


completed the survey for the prospec- 
tive city of Washington. On this work 
they used a transit for the first time in 
this country, the instrument having just 
been invented in Germany, and they 
also developed the method, which has 
since been employed throughout the 
western states, of dividing the territory 
into ranges and townships, each town- 
ship to be, where ever possible, six miles 
square. By this system Wayland village 
is in Range V, Township VI, and prin- 


prior settlements in other sections of 
the town, and all of them crediting this 
first purchase to Adam Zimmerman who 
subsequently acquired lands south of 
this tract. It is, therefore, worthy of 
special notice that the first land withiri' 
the town to attract settlement was the 
present site of the village, and that the 
first man in Wayland's chronology was 
Christopher and not Adam. 

Mr. Zimmerman had emigrated hithef 
from Pennsylvania, and was of the pro- 



/erbially thrifty Dutch stock of that 
state, his wife being a most valuable 
partner in business matters as well as 
home economies. He built his house 
about where the Bryant Hotel now 
stands, and set out the apple orchard 
which was removed to make room for 
the Bryant and Kimmel stores in 1883. 
Some years later he sold his land con- 
tract and moved to a farm near Carney 

Circumstances suggest that at the 
time of his settlement here, though he 
may have been the monarch of all he 
surveyed and possessed of a large de- 
gree of the liberty for which the land 
had become famous, the social functions 
were restricted and life was devoid of 
the zest it has obtained since residents 
have been surrounded by faulty neigh- 
bors. Of neighbors, faulty or other- 
wise, there were Seth Knowles and his 
brother-in law^ who built a house near 
the head of Hemlock lake in 1807, and 
were the, first settlers in Springwater 
valley. At twenty-two mile inn (North 
Cohocton) was Bivin's Tavern. At Co- 
hocton, McMaster's History says : "In 
1806 Levi Chamberlain, of Herkimer 
county, settled on the Davis farm, near 
Liberty Corners; His household con- 
sisted 'of a cow and a dog. All his 
property, besides his axe, was contained 
in a small pack. For his cow the ac- 
comodations were rather rude. When 
milking time arrived the settler resorted 
to the strange expedient of driving 
the beast "a straddle of a log" and 
milking into a notch cut with his axe. 
Into this he crumbled his bread and ate 
therefrom with a wooden spoon." Far- 
ther away toward the south were other 
settlers, and the town of Dansville — in- 
cluding almost one-sixth of the county 

— had polled as high as twenty-four votes 
at general election. That the settlers 
did not regard distances in the light in 
which they are viewed by a generation 
dependant upon trolley cars is illustrated 
by the statement that Mrs. Zimmerman 
frequently, after "doing up her work," 
walked to Bath by way of North Co- 
hocton (there was then no road to Co- 
hocton) for a day's visit and walked 
back in the evening. 

Daniel P. Faulkner was the first sup- 
ervisor of the town, elected in I799- 
He was familiarly known as "Captain 
Dan," and it is from him that Dansville 
takes its name. One of the first deeds 
recorded conveys to him the undivided 
three-fourths part of the norLh-west 
corner of Township VI, Range V, con- 
taining about six thousand acres, less 
seven hundred previously deeded to 
other persons. It is amusing to note 
that this deed is from Charles William- 
son, "gentleman," to Daniel Faulkner, 
"farmer," and that deeds following are 
from Daniel Faulkner, "gentleman," to 
the grantee as "farmer." 

The Bowles and Miller families came 
to the eastern part of the town, from 
what is now the town of Howard, about 

1 808, though they had previously pros- 
pected their lands, and had reported 
discovering "thousands of acres of level 
land." They were permitted by the 
land office to stake out their purchases 
as they chose, which explains why the 
lines of their farms do not coincide with 
the lines of the survey. Mr. Bowen 
settled in 1 808 on the farm north of the 
village, now owned by Peter Yohan, 
and Mr. Hume came the same year. 

Thomas Begole took out the contract 
to his land west of the village in ' May 

1809. He had come into this country 



as a clerk for the Faulkners, which po- 
sition he held for several years. His 
house, which he conducted as a tavern, 
stood where Edward Kausch now lives. 
He had a post office established at his 
house, which was known locally as "Be- 
gole's," and his influence with the land 
agents secured the building of the cor- 
duroy road, portions of which may yet 
be seen, through the swamp now owned 
by Messrs. Millen, connecting his office 
with the postoffice at Patchin's Mills, 
from which the mail was also delivered 

man's house. The original Hicks house 
was of logs, the present building having 
replaced it. The wood-shed additioni 
to. the present structure was the third 
school building in the village, and was 
moved from the south-east corner of 
Naples and Lincoln streets to make 
place for the building now on that site, 
which was the fourth and last school 
house before the one now in use. The 
western half of the Zimmerman pur- 
chase passed to Constant Cook, then a 
resident of Cohocton, and who subse-P 







by post-horses to the offices at Bowles' 
Corners, Shannon's-in Springwater-and 
Loon Lake. Mr. Begole died in 1854, 
and is buried beside his wife in the vil- 
lage cemetery. One son lived on the 
farm for a number of years, and another 
son, James H., settled in the village and 
became identified with its business. 

The year 18 10 brought Stephen 
Hicks, who purchased the east half of 
the Zimmerman tract, and lived on East 
Naples street opposite Mrs. A. Milli- 

qucntly, with the Hon. John Magee,K^ 
projected the Buffalo, Corning and New 
York railroad from Corning to Buffalo 
by way of Avon and Attica, which now 
forms the Rochester and Buffalo divis-' 
ions of the Erie. Mr. Cook came to 
Steuben from Warren, Herkimer county 
— the same town that had sent the Hess 
family hither — and he became one of 
the wealthiest men that this county has 
produced. This year, 18 10, was also 
the date of David Frazer's settlement ' 


on the farm now occupied by his son, the late Dr 
John Frazer. About this time George 
Karacher bought the north half of great 
lot number 73, his land extending from 
Mill street to O. D. Cole's residence, 
and from Main street to the eastern side 
of the Little Lake. His daughter, Sal- 
lie, died in 18 16, and was interred in 
the old cemeteiy on Naples street at 
the corner of St. John street. Mr. 
Karacher died in 1822. One son, Solo- 
mon Karacher, was an early proprietor 
of the farm now owned by Andrew 
Granger, another son, Martin, lived on the 
farm now owned by Peter Yohan, his 
house being about opposite the home 
of A. B. Adams, and a third son, George, 
was a resident for many years. Prior 
to 1 8 1 6 the grandparents of George Marts 
were living in a house that stood on the 
farm afterward owned by Levi Rosen- 
krans, and near the location of the home 
of W. W. Clark. Daniel Marts was born 
there in that year, and "rocked in a 
sap trough while his mother cradled 

In 1 8 1 1 the first school was organized. 
The building was of logs and stood near 
the county line road. Thomas Wilbur 
was the teacher, and the entire absence 
of birch in that neighborhood is testi- 
mony to the efficiency of his instruc- 
tion. Pupils came from Springwater 
valley and from a distance of miles in 
other directions. Captain Bowles being 
a student after he had married his wife, 
the exigencies of pioneer life having 
deprived him of an opportunity to be- 
come acquainted with the three "R's" 
in younger days. This first building 
was burned, and in 1824 the second 
school building stood on the present 
site of the cemetery and was presided 
over by Mary Ann Blake, a sister of 

N. Y. SS 

Blake of Dansville. John 
■ Frazer is perhaps- the oldest living alurri- 
nus of this second school. Carver Har- 
rington, late of Springwater, was a 
teacher of this school during the later 

The following extracts from the origi- 
nal records of the town have a curious 
appearance in a book that later tells of 
men sent to war to suppress such traffic : 

"Know all men by these presents, I, 
Nathaniel Rochester, of the town of 
Dansville in the county of Steuben, and 
state of New York, have, and by these 
presents do, manumit and make frie 
from slavery, my negro slave named 
Benjamin, about sixteen years old, and 
my negro slave named Casandra, about 
fouiieen years old. In testimony where- 
of I have hereunto set my hand and 
seal this twenty-ninth day of January, 

"N. Rochester." (seal) 

The amount of the financial sacrifice 
in this humanitarian act of Mr. Roches- 
ter may be estimated from the following : 

"Know all men by these presents, 
that I, Ann Faulkner, of the town of 
Bath, in the county of Steuben, and 
state of New York, for and in consider- 
ation of the sum of twenty dollars, to 
me in hand paid by James Faulkner 
Junior of the same place, the receipt of 
which is hereby confessed and acknowl- 
edged, do transfer and set over all my 
right, title and interest and claim and 
demand of a little negro girl named 
Julia, born of my slave named Ann, in 
the month of September, one thousand 
eight hundred and eight, in the town of 
Geneseo, county of Ontario, and state 
as aforesaid, to the said James Faulkner, 
his heirs and assigns, to have and to 
hold for his own proper use, benefit and 
behoof the said James Faulkner to 
comply with the laws of the state of 
New York concerning children born of 



slaves subsequent to the year of our 

Lord 1790. 

as witness my hand and seal. 

"Dated at Bath Nov. the ninth, one 
thousand eight hundred and eleven. 

' "Anne x Faulkner." 


June 18, 1812, the town of Cohocton 
was formed from the town of Dansville, 
the division being the line that bounds 
the corporation on the west and crosses 
the highway between the lands of Moses 
Poor and Martin Kimmel, and Wayland- 
ers transferred their allegiance to the 
new town. 

At the first town-meeting, held ir 
April 18 1 3 at the house of Joseph Shat 
tuck, Jr., Samuel' Wells was chosen sup- 
ervisor, and it was voted that a bounty 
of five dollars be paid for each well 
scalp, and ten dollars for that of each 
panther. The price of wolves' scalps 
was afterwards raised to twenty dollars. 
In these early days wolves were a great 
pest, though the settlers entertained no 
fears of personal attacks from them. 

At the general election the following 
year sixty-four votes were cast, which 
in a measure indicates the size of the 

Cor. E. Naples and Wayland Streets. 





During the next few years the immi- 
gration to the territory within the pres- 
ent town increased, and included many 
of the families who, with their descend- 
ants have become important factors in 
the building and development of Way- 

In 1813 the Brownsons settled at 
Loon Lake, and the Patchin and Hess 
families came to Patchinsville in 18 14 
and the years immediately following, 
The advent of these last two famiHes 
gave to that section of the town the 
vast preponderance of vigor and enter- 
prise, and for many succeeding years it 
was, and seemed destined to remain the 
business center. 

Waiter Patchin was born in Norwalk, 
Conn., July 24, 1764.' When a child 
his father moved to Balston, Sararoga 
county, and here, while a mere boy, he 
joined the Continental army and took 
part in the defense of the town • against 
the British and Indians. The town was 
burned and young Patchin was wounded 
by an Indian, but saved his life by 
swimming the river. He was afterwards 
pensioned by the government for the 
injury he received. Later he settled in 
Marcellus, Onondaga county, and in 
1 8 14 moved to Patchinsville where he 
took up a large tract of land, on which 
he built a log house that stood nearly 
on the site of the house now occupied 
by the Hon. Gordon M. Patchin. He 
was twice, married, his first wife being 
the mother of two children, Loraine, 
and Dr. Warren Patchin, and Myron M. 
Patchin was the ninth of eleven children 
by the second marriage, and was born 


in 1806. With these alone ■ this story 
is concerned. Walter Patchin died in 
1854 at 90 years of age, and is buried 
in the East Wayland cemetery. 

When Walter Patchin moved to town 
he transported his goods with an ox 
team, and in coming down the East 
Patchin hill, over which the old road 
led, one of the oxen fell and broke his 
neck, — a most serious loss for a pioneer 
farmer. On enquiry of Benjamin Per- 
kins he learned of a settler near Dans- 
ville of whom an ox could be ha^, but 
Mr. Patchin was not prepared to pay 
just then, and being a stranger, was in a 
predicament from which Mr. Perkins 
relieved him by picking up a chip on 
which he scratched his initials, "B. P," 
and gave it to Mr. Patchin to hand to 
the setder, which he did and returned 
home with his bovine. This is the first 
recorded bank-check in the town. 

Dr. Warren Patchin, who was born 
at Balston in 1784, had graduated from 
Fairfield Seminary and had seen service 
in the war of 18 12- 14. He followed 
his father from Marcellus to the "far 
west," as this country was then known, 
and in 1816 settled on what is now the 
Marlette farm. He was the most noted 
practitioner of his period in this locality, 
his clientele extending over fifty miles of 
territory, and at a time when bridle-paths 
were the principal highways it was not 
an uncommon occurence for him to be 
obliged, if overtaken by night, to fasten 
his horse to a tree, and make himself as 
comfortable as possible until daylight 
permitted him to continue his journey. 
He was an active member of the Steu- 
ben Medical Society from its organiza- 
tion in 1 8 18, and was its first president, 
and held the same office in 1824 and in 
1843 and 1844. He, however, found 


HiStORV OF Way!. AND, N. V. 

time and energy aside from his profes- 
sional calls to devote to business mat- 
ters, and in 1820 built the Patchinsville 
saw- mill, which burned the following 
year, and in 1822 he erected the grist 

The long-time famous Patchin's Mills 
hotel was built by him in 1824. It was 
his intention to make it of brick, which 
he endeavored to manufacture at 
home, but the 
clay was defi- 
cient and the 
bricks proved 
worthless, s o 
the wooden 
structure was 
erected I t 
stood where 
now is the 
house of John 
P Morsch, and 
was a typical 
country tavern. 
A long build- 
ing with small 
windows and 
large doors, 
scarcely two 
full storie> high 
and painted 
the universal 
red. The ground floor was devoted 
to public rooms and the loft to sleeping 
apartments and a large ball-room where 
the rustic youth brought their "sweet- 
hearts" to the "swell" dances of the 
time. It was the meeting place for 
business transactions and the resort of 
idlers. The first store of the town, 
opened by James Monier about 1826, 
was on the corner toward Perkinsville, 
and with the mills, the postoffice and 
the blacksmith shop there was a general 

"behold -how-great-is-Babylon" air to 
the neighborhood. 

There are those now living who recall 
the bustle when the stage-coach that 
connected Newtown (now Elmira) with 
Dansville and the west arrived. The 
post horses were changed ; the mails 
shifted ; the bugje sounded ; the whip 
cracked over the leaders, and off it rum- 
bled, the leathern springs creaking 

under its load 
of passengers, 
wearing wide- 
brimmed bea- 
ver hats and 
poke bonnets, 
and the "boot" 
filled with 
leather - cover- 
e d trunks, 
studded with 
brass nails, and 
with "band- 
boxes and bun- 
dles." It was 
the "sight" of 
the time, and 
folks brought; 
their children 
from miles 
around to see 
the rapid tran- 
sit of the era. Across the flats was 
the corduroy road built by Dr. Patchin, 
where logs three feet in diameter seemed 
afloat, and water splashed from between 
them under the burden of a heavy load. 
Dr. Patchin was the father of six 
children: Warren, 1 804-1879; Jabez, 
1 806-1 825 ; Harriet, (Mrs. Warring) 
1 808-1 86-; Ira, 1 81 2-1898 ; Cameron, 
1 820-1 896; Minerva, (Mrs. John 
Young) 1 826-1900. He died in 1872. 
The tax-list of the town of Cohocton 



for the year 1829 shows Warren Patchm 
assessed on 409 acres of land valued at 
twelve dollars an acre, his taxes amount- 
ing to ;^i 5.65. This seems to be the 
highest farm valuation in the town for 
that year. At the time of his death he 
owned about 700 acres, which was pur- 
chased of the remaining heirs by his 
sons Warren and Dr. Cameron. 

There were four of the Hess brothers 
who settled on farms in the neighbor- 
hood of Patchinsville about 1818. All 
of them were the progenitors of large 
families. Demis (or Dennis) Hess re- 
moved here from Warren, Herkimer 
county in the year mentioned, and it is 
with two of his sons, John and Dr. 
Henry H. Hess, that the history of 
Wayland village is concerned. 

James Totten was another early set- 
tler at Patchinsville, coming there about 
the same time as the Hess families. He 
settled on the farm now occupied by 
Mr. Joseph Staub, and which was the 
home for many years of his son, James 
Totten, who died in 1900 at Seneca 

A story that deserves to be recorded 
of this early time is the "act of nullifi- 
cation" by the Patcnin's Mills postmaster. 
The rates of postage had remained un- 
changed from the organization of that 
office, and the postmaster had faithfully 
charged for a single letter — which was a 
letter on a single sh'iet of paper — six 
cents when it was to be sent not over 
thirty miles ; ten cents for less than 
eighty miles ; eighteen cents for less 
than 150 miles, and over 400 miles 
twenty-five cents, and double rates for 
double letters, and he had as faithfully 
decided that most places were over 400 
miles from his office, if the mail went by 
the safest route, which of course it 

N. Y. 


should, and which the proverb says is 
the longest. Then after writing "Paid 
25" in the corner of the letter, he placed 
five cents to the credit of the govern- 
ment — if he chanced to have the change 
— and put twenty cents in his pocket, 
his patriotic desire being that people 
would write more letters so that he 
could work harder for his country, and 
incidentally, put more five-cent pieces 
to the credit of the government. 

March 3, 184S, Congress passed an 
act reducing the rates of postage to five 
cents for each half-ounce under 300 
miles, and ten cents for over that dis- 
tance. The postmaster at Patchin's 
Mills had not been consulted in the 
matter, and no public hearing had been 
granted on the bill. He felt not merely 
injured by the wanton disrespect exhib- 
ited in not seeking his advice on so rad- 
ical a measure, but he insisted that it 
was a brutal infringement of his per- 
sonal rights, in that it reduced the 
emoluments of his office without the 
consent of the governed. Being a man 
of decision he slammed the door of his 
office and bolted it against the public in 
general, and the Congress of the United 
States in particular. After a few days 
of deliberation, however, he re-opened 
the office, having decided that it is 
better to suffer the ills we have than to 
permit the other candidate to do the 

Benjamin Perkins established his fam- 
ous saw-mill at Perkinsville about 1 8 1 2. 
The year 1 8 1 5 is given by every prev- 
ious history as the date of Mr. Perkins' 
settlement, but it is undoubtedly erron- 
eous. In the village cemetery is the 
headstone of "Bridget, daughter of 
Benjamin and Lydia Perkins, died July 
14, 1 81 2, aged 3 mos. and 8 days." 


Perkins may have been original settlers were able to pay for the 

Though Mr. 
here even earlier than this, the writer has 
taken the death of this infant daughter 
as evidence that he was a resident at 
that time, and thus antedates the settle- 
ments in the central and southern por- 
tions of the town. . At the time of Mrs. 
Perkins' death the family resided on the 
Dansville highway near the home of 
Mrs. Hemmer at the Perkinsville corner. 
The year following the building of the 
saw-mill, Abijah Fowler and Dugal 

homes that cost them such arduous 

Moses Poor, Sr., purchased the farm 
now occupied by his grandson, Moses 
A. Poor, in 1817, receiving the first 
deed for land actually paid for in the 
town. He had emigrated from Ver- 
mont to Canada, and at the outbreak of 
the war of 181 2 he was compelled to 
leave that countiy, the Canadians being] 
much less tolerant toward the Yankees 

Cameron erected the Perkinsville flour 
ing mill. 

. In an attempt to trace the early occu- 
pants of the lands in the vicinity of 
Wayland village a difficulty is presented 
in the fact that most of the early settlers 
purchased their, homes on land con- 
tract3, which contracts were not record- 
ed as in the case of deeds, and they 
were frequently sold and re-sold, the 
land passing through several proprietors 
before there is a record of sale. It is a 
sad fact that proportionately few of the 

No. 46 Liickawaniiii Avenue. 

than the people of the mother country. 
Leaving all his property that could not 
be carried in a hasty flight, he came to 
Dansville, where he lived for several 
years before moving to Wayland. His 
son Moses, second, — there have 'been 
three by that name, — succeeded him in 
the proprietorship of the farm. Here 
he lived during three-fourths of the last . 
century, 181 7-1892, and was always 
esteemed by his neighbors as a man of 
the strictest integrity. His house and-' 
barns were of logs until thrift and pros- 


perity enabled him to replace them with 
more pretentious structures of sawed 
lumber. The eastern end of the barn 
now standing on Naples street is prob- 
ably the oldest building in the village, 
and the blacksmith shop across the way 
is of about the same date. This pioneer 
who had maintained a perennial assault 
on Nature's stronghold through so many 
years, driving the wilderness farther and 
farther in retreat, died in 1892 at the 
advanced age of 90 years. 

Samuel Taggart opened the first 
tavern in the village in 1824, the same 
year that the Patchinsville hotel was 
built. It stood on the north-east corner 
of Naples and Wayland streets. He 
embelished his revenues as "mine host" 
by doing cobbling work, but seems even 
then to have had difficulty in making 
both ends meet, and on one occasion he 
was obliged to lock himself in his shop 
for a number of days, receiving his 
meals through the window until he had 
earned money at his bench to .pay a 
judgment. Those were days of impris- 
onment for debt, but a man's house was 
his castle and, though the constable 
happened to be Mr. Taggert's son, he 
could not arrest him while he kept him^ 
self locked in his house. The proprie- 
torship of this tavern passed to John 
Coe, under whose regime it burned — 
about 1 842 — but was immediately re- 
placed by the building now standing. 
Mr. Coe was succeeded by a Frenchman 
named Franot ; he, by Benjamin Bur- 
rows, who sold to Henry H. Hess, 
whence it passed to Mrs. C. M. Jervis 
and its present owner, John J. Morris. 
William Rosenkrans came to Waj-land 

, from the town of Wheeler in 1833, and 
settled on the farm immediately north 

, of the corporation. He was a cousin of 

Levi Rosenkrans — father of Hamilton 
S. who came to the village three years 
later. Though "Uncle William" lived 
in Wayland until his death in 1886, none 
of his twelve children remained here or 
became identified with the village. The 
change in the Springwater highway, 
which had been about twenty rods west 
of its present location, was accomplished 
by Mr. Rosenkrans soon after his settle- 
ment. Levi DeWitt Rosenkrans, a 
brother of William, settled on the farm 
now occupied by Mrs. David Shafer 
about 1833. He was a school teacher 
as well as farmer. Another brother, 
James Rosenkrans, settled about the 
same time west of the village, living on 
the farm now owned by Mrs. Jervis, and 
near the home of Martin Kimmel. 

The date of Walter Wood's settle- 
ment is not certain. He was here in 
1833, and had married Eliza, daughter 
of Mr. Taggart, the tavern keeper. He 
resided where Mrs. Isabelle Beeman 
lives, and owned that farm for many 
years ; it descended to his son-in-law, 
Henry L. Cooley. Main street origi- 
ginally extended across his farm about 
as at present, and he closed it because 
he did not approve of a neighbor's 
selection of a wife. It was re-opened a 
few years ago. 

Adin Parmenter was one of the ear- 
liest pioneers of northern Steuben. He 
came to Cohocton from Onondaga 
county in 1813, and to Wayland in 
1833, building his log where is 
now the house owned by H. G. Pierce 
on the south side of the Lackawanna 
railroad. He was the father of fourteen 
children, but two of whom, Mrs. Myron 
M. Patchin and Mrs. H. G'. Pierce, now 
reside in Wayland. He died in 1877. 

In 1833 the village .consisted of the 



homes of Walter Wood, Mrs. Beeman's 
house ; Thomas Hicks, opposite Mrs. 
Milliman's ; Elijah Hall, J. A. Schwin- 
gle's place ; Mrs. Rebecca Austin, 
about where the Methodist church 
stands ; the Underwood house, near the 
home of W. W. Clark ; Moses Poor in 
the old Poor house, where Emory W. 
Hoppaugh resides, and the Taggart 
tavern. In addition to the farmer's 
mentioned, were Alvin Pennel at the 
Ira Patchin place ; John Brown, S. E. 

The land adjoining the Poor farm on 
the west was taken up in the early days, , 
and passed by contract through several 
owners, coming into the possession of 
James Moore in the late '30's. Mr. 
Moore's house stood opposite the west- 
ern half of the grove, and an old resi- 
dent says that from Mrs. Moore's garden 
came the first pie-plant raised in this 
locality which "made better pies than 
we get now-a-days." He had migrated 
from New Hamp.shire, and had served 

No. 7 S. Main Street. 

Patchin's ; Mr. Boothe, H. G. Pierce's ; 
Ephraim Hall, George Bailey's ; Will- 
iam Hitchcock, opposite C. S. Avery's. 
Prior to 1 840 several families subse- 
quently prominent were added to the 
neighborhood. In 1836 Levi Rosen- 
krans settled on the farm since occupied 
by his son, Hamilton S. Rosenkrans, 
coming from Hammondsport. The 
Rosenkranses are scions of ancient stock, 
their ancestry dating from the earliest 
days of the colony. 

in the quota of that colony in the Rev- 
olutionary army, and was a pensioner. 
He died in 1841, and his was the first 
interment in the present village ceme- 
tery. His son, Chauncy Moore, .suc- 
ceeded to the estate, and by farther 
purchases increased his farm to almost 
four hundred acres. These purchases 
were paid by levying tribute on Nature 
at every turn, and it was not uncommon, 
after the day's work in the field, to slir 
the fire during most of the night in boil- 

History of Wayland, n. y. 

ing potash, which was hauled to Pittsford threat was made to call 

for sale. This it may be said was a 
quite common industry with the farmers 
of that time. He built a new house on 
the site where Martin Kimmel, Jr.'s, 
house now stands, and his home was a 
welcome stopping place for the itinerary 
clergy who came through the town, the 
latch-string being always out to men of 
the cloth regardless of creed. He died 
in 1 86 1, leaving one daughter, Mrs. 
Josiah Gray. 

Chauncey Bennett moved to the farm 
now owned by his son, John A. Bennett, 
at the Lackawanna crossing in 1839, 
coming from Patchinsville. He was a 
blacksmith by trade and erected a log 
shop near his house where he did a 
thriving business for many years. Hon. 
James G. and John A. Bennett are his 
only surviving children who live in Way- 
land. He died in 1881. 

In this portion of the town resided 
"Old Tilden," a character who was the 
bogy of the community. He lived 
alone in a hut, on what is now called 
Buffalo street, about where Joseph Hoff- 
man's house now stands. His occupa- 
tion was the manufacture of lamp-black. 
He was of a highly convivial nature, 
and frequently indulged to excess. At 
such times, which generally occurred on 
specially owlish nights, the exuberance 
of his spirit became uncontrollable, and 
he would build a terrific fire in the woods, 
lighting up the sky with lurid flames, 
and then intersperse wild songs with 
blood-curdhng shrieks and hair-raising 
yells that filled all the timid women with 
fear and made the children put their 
heads farther under the bed clothes. 
His sooty appearance and strange her- 
mit life gave the uncanny air necessary 
to make a child very cautious when the 


Old Tilden." 
One day, however, a dapper young 
man, dressed in "boughten" clothes, and 
wearing a high silk hat — probably the 
first ever seen in Wayland — came and 
said that he was "Old Tilden's" nephew, 
and took him away with him. The old 
man never came back to scare the chil- 
dren. The young man afterward 
became Governor of the state, and 
almost President of the United States, 
and was Samuel J. Tilden. 

The life of the settlers in these early 
days that we have been viewing will be 
well-nigh incomprehen.sible to the peo- 
ple of the twenty-first century. We, of 
today, are near enough to the forests to 
be able to appreciate the pioneer sur- 
roundings of every age. We can re- 
thatch the old log house, fill again the 
crevices with mortar, scatter sand on the 
floor, start the fire in the great fire-place, 
and before its dream-inspiring blaze see 
again the crane and kettle, the turn-spit, 
the deal table, the cushioned settle and 
fool-pans, the flax and spinning wheels, 
and the drying herbs, bright peppers 
and golden corn festooned from the 
rcugh-hewn rafters. The tallow dip 
that lighted the way to a canopied and 
curtained bed, its downy heighth cov- 
ered with spreads in geometric patch- 
work is still in memory. To us the 
quiet housewife, with apron and cap, 
following in endless rounds from fire to 
dishes, and dishes to wheel, and wheel 
to needle ; the husband with his sun-to- 
sun routine of axe and plow and cradle 
and flail, are live beings, thrilled with 
like sorrows and joys, discouragements 
and hopes with ourselves. 

But after another hundred years of 
equal pace the spinning-wheel and 
flail, even now mute as Tara's harp, will 



be as the vessels and flints of the mound 
builders, and the pioneer and wife as 
the mummies of Egypt. The Western 
man, who through centuries has led the 
Way for civilization, always the same, in 
bold, restraintless might, whether Kelt 
or Greek, Slav or Roman, Saxon or 
Yankee, has circled the globe and his 
course is finished. Future scientists 

may discuss but not apprehend hinli'; 
future students may examine but not 
understand him, future peoples, may 
picture but not reproduce him. , He 
will live for them with axe transformed? 
to caduceus and covered wagon changed 
for talaria, his genius given to the con- 
quest of the world of commerce. 







i860. TOWN FAIR. 

Most of the early settlers had come 
to Wayland by the Susquehanna route 
from the south and east, but the build- 
ing of the Genesee valley canal, with 
Dansville as a convenient port of entiy 
to northern Steuben, afforded a more 


eign countries. Until the building of 
the railroad the canal also absorbed the 
greater part of the freight, though occa- 
sional loads of grain, were still drawn to 
Hammondsport for shipment. 

The extended boundaries of the town; 
the fact that in the earlier division, by 
some MnioYseen faux pas, the lines had 
been so drawn that the voters from 
above Patchinsville must go to Dans- 
ville, passing those from the northern 
end of the town on their way to the 

direct route to the 
older settled section of the east, and 
emigration began to come from that 
direction, the town attaining its greatest 
growth during this period. Outside of 
the corporation, Wayland has never 
equalled the population it attained at 
the end of the first decade after its erec- 
tion as a town. Sandy Hill and the 
southern portion of the town were par- 
ticularly b'enefited by this influx of 
settlers, many of whom came from for- 

No. 63 W. Naples Street. 

seaboard and the polls at Cohocton, and the rapid growth 

of this section in population induced 
the movement for a new town. 

Myron M. Patchin and John Hess 
may fairly be considered the "fathers" 
of Wayland, and it was mainly due to 
their efforts that a petition was signed 
and forwarded to Hon. William M. 
Hawley, at Albany, who was then state 
senator from this (26th) district, and 
who presented the necessary resolution 
to that body. 



The name selected for the new town 
was "Millville," but there were already 
so many places in the state with names 
compounded of the word mill that it 
was not deemed advisable by the com- 
mittee to increase the list. A request 
was sent Mr. Hess to make another 
selection. The session of the legisla- 
ture was nearing its close, and delay 
would compel the measure to wait 
another year. Mr. Hess hastened to 


Mr. Patchin, on whom he threw the 
onus of choosing a name, when he 
modestly rejected the one proposed by 
Mr. Hess. In casting about for a sub- 
stitute, Mr. Patchin chanced to hum a 
favorite tune called "Wayland," which 
gave him the suggestion, and the town 
was so named, and not in honor of 
Dr. Francis Wayland of Moral Philos- 
ophy fame as has so often been stated. 

The resolution erecting the town was 
adopted on the last day of the legisla«| 
tive session, April 12, 1848. By its' 
provisions officers in either town, Dans-; 
ville or Cohocton, from which the new 
town was taken, and who resided in the 
territory thus set off, were to hold their 
respective offices until the expiration of 
the terms for which they had been 
chosen ; the civil list was to be com- 
pleted by a special election called at 
Warren Patchin's tavern on 
May 2, following, and there- 
after town-meetings were to 
be held on the same days 
with the other towns of the 

By these terms John Hess, 
who was then serving his 
fifth term as supervisor of 
Cohocton, became the first 
supervisor of Wayland, to 
which office he was elected 
at intervals six tirpes there- 
after. Myron M. Patchin, 
was serving his third term 
as justice of the peace, and 
held over in the new town, 
being re-elected until he 
had served twenty-one con- 
secutive years, — the longest 
continuous service that has 
been rendered the town. 
Amos Knowlton also held 
over as justice elected in Dansville. The 
first town meeting selected the follow- 
ing officers to complete the list : Chaun- 
cey Moore and Gardiner Pierce, justice^ 
Samuel W. Epiey, town clerk ; R. M. 
Patchin, David Poor and David Brown- 
son, assessors ; H. H. Hess, superinten- 
dent of schools ; Stephen C. Philips, 
Wesley Doughty and F E, Day, com- 
missioners of highways ; George Kara- 

cher, Gideon Moon and Joseph Fronk, 
constables ; John Hiiinhn, sealer of 
weights and measures. Wayland was 
thus started on its independent career 
with full power to breed statesmen and 
levy taxes on real-estate and dogs. • 

The development of steam, which 
was the most potent factor in the prog- 
ress of the "wonderful century" just 
closed, was to work an important trans- 
formation in Wayland and change its 
business center. The veiy year that 
had seen the opening of the Erie canal, 
the building of which produced results 
of such limitless material value to the 
state, gave birth to the germ that was 
eventually to relegate mule and tow-line 
to antiquity. In the year 1825 steam 
had been applied successfully to loco- 
motion in England. On July 4, 1828 
the construction of the Baltimore and 
Ohio railroad in this country was begun. 
Charles Carrol of Carrolton, the only 
surviving signer of the Declaration 
of Independence, performed the cere- 
mony of breaking ground, at which 
time he said with prophetic sight, "I 
consider this among the most important 
acts of my life, second only to signing 
the Declaration of Independence, if 
even second to that." In 1831 the first 
steam railroad was operated in New 
York state, and twenty-one years later, 
April 1852, the Buffalo, Corning and 
New York railroad was opened from 
Corning to Wayland, and on July 4 a 
large excursion was brought here from 
Bath. The magnitude of the results 
attained from this application of steam 
is suggested if it is considered that when 
Colonel Williamson came to this coun- 
try, a little over one hundred years ago, 
London was the commercial center of 
the world, and a traveler from Wayland 


might ordinarially have reached there 

after a three month's trip, but this com- 
pressed energy of steam has annihilated 
distances, and by its aid Yankee enter- 
prise has moved the capital of com- 
merce across the sea to New York, so 
that together they have brought the 
grandson of that Wayland traveler 
within ten hours of the business center 
of gravity. 

The grading and construction of the 
railroad had been in progress during 
the seasons of 1850 and 185 1, and had 
filled the village with a large force of 
laborers, mainly "poor exiles of Erin." 
The school was at that time in charge of 
David Waite of Cohocton, and was 
filled with their children. The con- 
tractor was a man named Sullivan, who 
resided in a house that stood on the 
street named for him, and about where 
Ray Morley's home is at present. Mr. 
Sullivan became involved in financial 
difficulties before his contract was com- 
pleted, and the -work was finished by 
John and Dr. H. H. He«s. It was 
largely through their influence that the 
railroad station was placed on its pres- 
ent site, instead of near the Buffalo 
street crossing, as at one time proposed. 
It is also said that the original intention 
was to run the road from Wayland to 
DansviUe and thence to Avon, instead 
of by the present route, but the Dans- 
viUe people, believing that the road 
would certainly come to their town, 
then the most important place in this 
section, refused to contribute, and the 
management avoided them. 

For some months before the comple- 
tion of the tracks northward, Wayland 
remained the terminus of the road. 
The turn-table was built, and there was 
a water-tank at the station with a pump 



house on the Granger hill. An enor- 
mous wood yard east of the station sup- 
plied the old style locomotives with fuel. 
Henry L. Moora's first business in town 
was the loading and shipment of 35,000 
cords of wood from this station. 

With their native business perception 
the Hess brothers foresaw that the vil- 
lage was destined to be the business 
centtr of the town. The original Zim- 
merman tract, great lot 92, though por- 
tions had been sold at different periods 

future city by Calvin E. Clark, a survey-) 
or whose inaccuracies in measurments 
and readings have bequeathed a vast 
amount of trouble to the present gen^ 
eration. Streets were laid out, and 
aside from the main thoroughfares, were 
so arranged that at the end of each a 
building was placed to prevent the ex- 
tention of the street and keep the vil- 
lage from running off the Hess domain. 
Right-angles at street corners seem to 
have been studiously avoided. The 

No. 8 SuUlvaii Stretrt. 

had been brought together and, 
with the exception of a few small par- 
cels, was owned by Truman Tuttle. 
The Messrs. purchased of him the 
"Tuttle farm" in March 1852. The 
deed was made to John Hess singly, to 
facilitate future transfers, though the 
purchase was a partnership affair. In 
1853 H. H. Hess purchased the adjoin- 
ing half of lot 73, formerly owned by 
George Karacher. 

In 1852 the ti-act was plotted for the 

nomenclature of the streets was derived 
from several sources. There was a 
Main street, of course, as at that time 
every respectable community must des- 
ignate on which avenue the business 
was transacted. The choice of the 
name Naples for a street that does not 
lead to our sister town of that name 
except by turning a corner, and cannot 
refer to the European city, in that no 
Italians have ever resided there, and 
neither does it overlook the sea, unless 


the Little Lake possesses a suggestion 
of the Mediterranean, was an honor 
bestowed in gratuity. Wayland has a 
patriotic sound, but the patriotism is 
contracted by naming one end of the 
street Sullivan, after an Irish contractor, 
and at the other end the aboriginal 
Lackawanna suggests a street lined with 
"firewater" wigwams. Scott street pre- 
serves the name of an early Erie station 
agent, and Clark street is in memory of 
the Clark who bought hay. Water is 

N. Y. 


The partners divided the Main street 
corners. Dr. Henry H. Hess taking the 
north side of Naples street, and John 
Hess the south side. Dr. Hess built 
the square, two-story, hip roof building 
that adorned the lot now covered by 
the Patchin block, and the old hotel 
with its double porch, supported by 
square posts, that ran across the front 
and down the Naples street side. This 
hotel was first conducted by Thomas 
Grover, since of Springwater. Isaac 

Cor. Main and 

the name of a street especially dry. 
Pine is the .title of an avenue devoid of 
cones and needles. When meaningless 
names were exhausted the progenitors 
of the town rewarded statesmen whom 
the people had refused to honor. Fil- 
more was an accidental president, and 
was later an unsuccessful candidate for 
that office, and Cass and Fremont were 
also defeated presidential aspirants, but 
their names will endure while Wayland 

Naples Streets. 

Bennett, who had worked on the con- 
struction of both of these buildings, was 
employed by Mr. Grover for the open- 
ing dance, which was a phenomenal 
success and largely attended. Michael 
Penston, Short and Ryder, and Caleb 
Willis and John Wheeler followed as 
proprietors, and in 1858 were succeeded 
by Davis and Josiah Gray, who pur- 
chased the house. 

The first store to be kept in the vil- 
lage was opened by Robert S. Faulkner 


of Dansville, in 1846, and was situated 
near where Mrs. Wm. Walker's house 
is now. It proved an unsuccessful ven- 
ture, and was closed the following year. 
The increase of the population due to 
the building of the railroad led John 
Hess to open a store on the south-east 
corner of Naples and Wayland streets 
about the year 1852. This building 
and stock were afterward moved to the 
corner now occupied by the Commer- 
cial hotel. About this time John Hess 
also built the stoie that formerly stood 
on the lot now owned by George Nold. 
With the opening of the railroad 
Wayland became the most convenient 
station for the Dansville travel 
and traffic. It has been sugges- 
ted that the contrast between 
the modes of travel offered by the 
one town to the other is typical of 
the progressiveness of the two com- 
munities. Dan.sville" afforded canal boats 
with a speed of three miles an hour for 
Waylanders, who reciprocated with 
steam cars with a thirty-mile gait. It 
was a trafiRc in which there %vas more of 
show than of profit for the village. The 
first thought to the travelmg public 
when the train stopped and a goodly 
crowd of well-dressed people — Dansville 
people generally wore their good clothes 
when going away from home — entered 
the car was that Wayland was an im- 
portant place, but in some way they 
always let it be known that they were 
not from Wayland before the train ar- 
rived at the next station, and the adver- 
tising that the village might have had 
from this source was lost. On their 
return they would hastily enter Captain 
Henry's famous coach and start down 
the hill without leaving so much as a 
half-dime in the till of any of our deal- 


ers. Therefore, when it is asserted by 
our valley neighbors that "Dansville 
made Wayland," it means that she made 
us work harder for the same returns 
than any other neighbor would. 

John Hess and John Hyland of Dans- 
ville were the principal movers in build- 
ing the plank road from Wayland to 
Dansville in 1852, at a cost "not to ex- 
ceed ^1,000 per mile." The road was 
leased for a term of thirty years, and 
paid eight per cent, on the stock. The 
toll-gate was just below the junction of 
the Perkinsville and Wayland highways. 
A list of bills, which is still extant, and 
which were sent for collection against 
farmers who were in default of toll due 
the gate keeper, Adolph Werdein, sug- 
gests that pennies were scarce in the 
olden time. 

"Uncle" Daniel Marts attended to 
the Dansville freight, which kept him 
busy hauling. After the visit of the 
traveling representative of one of the 
jobbing house? that had several custo- 
mers in Dan.sville, the station platform 
would be packed full of boxes and bar- 
rels that must be delivered to the con- 
signees and "Uncle Dan" never delayed. 
Until the business was discontinued after 
the building of the railroad into Dans- 
ville he gave the most faithful service to 
his patrons, earning their unlimited con- 
fidence and a modest competence for 
his old age. His son, George W. MartFj 
the only survivor of a large family, was 
his assistant before he joined the regular 
army in 1859. He is now engaged as 
mail and express messenger in the 

David Herrick built the house now 
owned by Mrs. Jane Bush, which for 
many years was the handsome house of 
the village, and he engaged in a general 



in a store that 
site of the First 

merchandise business 
stood on the present 
National Bank. 

There were six houses below Mr. 
Herrick's, on the same side of Main 
street, in one of which lived B. B. Hess, 
a lawyer, and postmaster 1861-63. 
On the other side of the street were 
four dwellings and John Hess's general 
store on the Commercial house corner, 
to the eastward, on Naples street, were 
J. S. Secor, Flour and Feed ; Harris 

owned by Daniel and Jas. G. Bennett,the 
Hess tavern, a small house close to the 
track, the Hicks house, and that owned 
by J. A. Schwingel. West of Main street 
was a small building where the Wein- 
hart Opera House stands, U. H. Stein- 
hart's house then occupied by B. W. 
Short, and the Rosenkrans and Poor 
homesteads. S. F. Hess who was in 
partnership with his father, John Hess, 
lived in the former postoffice building, 
recently removed to make room for the 

Curtis, Blacksmith shop ; and I. 
Chase, shoemaker, whose house was 
near the present residence of J. A. 
Bennett. The school house was the 
old building on the corner of Naples 
and Lincoln street, which with one 
house nearer the railroad tracks and 
Mrs. Milliman's house beyond completed 
that side of Naples street. On the 
north side was the building owned by 
John Hess on the Nold lot ; Harris 
Curtis' house ; the house now owned by 
W. H. Deitzel, and the blacksmith shop 

Cor. SnlUvan Street and East Avenue, 

W. new Kimmel building, the Dr. Bigelow 

place, the Davis Gray house that stood 
on the lot, now vacant, just above the 
Firemen's building ; the two Bennett 
houses above the tracks. On the east 
side from the Hess block on the corner 
there were three commercial buildings 
to the old warehouse, the Redmond 
house and that of the late Isaac W. 
Secor, then occupied. by James H. Be- 
gole, and the Olney house where Daniel 
Marts lived. These with the hotel, the 
Cooley house, now owned by W. A. 



Robinson, and the Walter Wood - now 
Mrs. Isabelle Beeman — place comprised 
the forty-nine buildings of Wayland 
■\fillage, with its population of about two 
hundred in the year 1857. 

Among the changes, in the neighbor- 
ing farm residents during this period 
may be mentioned, to the north of the 
village, Sylvester Granger, who bought 
the Solomon Karacher place in 1840. 
His son, Andrew A. Granger, succeeded 
him in later years, and has been repeat- 

dust road corner, for many years. The 
Karacher farm south of Mill street, after 
passing through the possession of Mrs. 
Franot and Caroline Duncason, became 
the property of Dr. Hess.' On the 
west, David Poor, son of Moses, second, 
built a house about where Martin Kim- 
mel's now stands, and brought to it one 
of Adin Parmenter's daughters as his 

Of those who became citizens of the 
village at this period, there are yet liv- 


No. 68 W. Naples Street. 

edly chosen assessor, and served as sup- 
ervisor in 1888. Wakeman Hull, who 
in partnership with a Mr. Chapman, pur- 
chased the Bennett Brothers' blacksmith 
shop, and afterward moved it to near 

ing as residents. Almond J. Abrams, 
who came from Patchinsville in 1851. 
He was the eldest son of Thomas 
Abrams, Sr., his mother being a daugh- 
ter of Demas Hess. He married Jane 

his residence at the corner of the county Snyder in 1853, Mrs. Abrams dying 

line road. On the east, Peter Shults 
came to the farm now occupied by his 
son, Conrad, in 1849, and John Schrae- 
der bought the adjoining farm in 1855. 
Uriah Dildine occupied the farm now 
owned by F. E. Gross, east of the saw- 

1899. They had one son, Noble S. 

James G. Bennett was born in 1825. 
Learning the blacksmith trade in his 
father's — Chauncey Bennett's - shop he 
settled with his wife in Haskinsville, 

History ot^ WaVland, N. v. 


where he began in business. In 1852 
he moved to Wayland, and in partner- 
ship with his brother Dan, opened the 
first blacksmith shop in the village. It 
\yas on the corner of Naples and Way- 
land streets, where Mrs. Newell' s house 
now stands. The following year he was 
instrumental in the establishment of the 
postoffice and in 1853 was appointed 
postmaster. No citizen of the early 

Sullivan St. 

time maintained such a hold on the 
voters of the town as did Mr. Bennett. 
He was postmaster, 1853-59 ; justice of 
the peace, 1851-58 ; supervisor, 1858- 
64, and in 1866 and 1875-76, serving 
nine terms; member of assembly, 1870- 
71, and village trustee, 1883-84. He 
became station agent for the Erie in 

i860, which position he held for a num- 
ber of years, and was the first agent at 
the Lackawanna. For the past few years 
he has been living in retirement at his 
home in the village. 

Harris Curtis moved to Wayland in 
1852 and opened his blacksmith shop 
that year. He worked at his trade for 
many years. Through an early specula- 
tion he became possessed of a portion 
of the Cooley farm — the for- 
mer Walter Wood place — and 
during the past score of years 
has devoted his time more to 
farm work than to the forge. 

William Newman, one of 
Wayland's most aged citizens, 
was born in 1821, and came 
to this village from Cohocton 
in 1855. A mason by trade, 
he has labored on most of the 
earlier buildings in the town. 
For several years he has been 
in invalid health. His daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Melissa Simmons, and 
his son Frank Newman reside 
in Wayland, "another daughter 
living in Canada. 

John U. Weinhart chose 
Wayland for his home in 1845, 
and has worked his way to an 
honorable retirement without 
ostentation. Coming to Amer- 
ica in youth he maintained a 
struggle against obstacles inci- 
dent to the time, and that are little 
appreciated by the young of the pres- 
ent. He succeeded in caring for a large 
family, and has the satisfaction of seeing 
the surviving members established in 
prosperous vocations. 

The name of Melvin D. Strickland is 
familiar to those who have examined 




deeds of this period! He was elected 
Justice in 1852 and served for a decade, 
most legal papers during those years 
being acknowledged before him. Dex- 

N. Y. 

ter S. Jolly was postmaster, succeeding 
J. G. Bennett. 

The Town Fair held on the Rosen- 
krans farm in i860 was an event of im- 
portance, and though the troublous 
years that followed interfered with its 
repetition, it illustrated a spirit of enter- 
prise that might profitably be imitated 
by the present generation. Its list of 
premiums affords a peepl into the homes 
of the period, and shows in what ways 
the households were employed, — live 
stock and grain and fruit for the men, 
and bread and butter, weaving and 
knitting, needlework and flowers for the 
women. And its committees of award 
recall many faces that now are wrinkled 
or are gone, but then were in the full 
flush of life and action. Following is a 
copy of the hand-bill : 

Cor. w, Naples and Scott Sts. 





To be held at Wayland, Sept. 14, 1860. 



Class i. 
Best Bull, three years old $i.oo 

2(1 " '• 50 

Best Cow LOG 

2d ■' 50 

Best Heifer, two years old 50 

Best one year old 50 

Best Calf 50 

Awarding Committee. James Redman, Ira 
Patchin, Edward Whiteman. 

Cl-ASS i,. 

Best yoke working cattle, over 4 years i 00 

2d " " " 50 

Best yoke of fat cattle over 5 years i.oo 

2d " " 50 

Best y»ke of three years old 50 

" two years old 50 

yearling steers ,?o 

Aw Com. — Wm. Norlhrup, A.K. Parraeter, 
C inrad Schwingle. 

— o — 


Class i. 
Best fine wool Buck % .50 

2d " ■' 25 

Best pen three fine wool Ewes 50 

2d " ■' " 25 

Best pen three fine wool Lambs 50 

2d " . '■ " 25 

Aw. Com.— Chauncey Moore, John Hess, 
Jdmes P. Clark. 

Class 2. 
Best coarse wool Buck $ .50 

2d " " 25 

Best pen three coarse wool Ewes 50 

2d " " " 25 

Best pen three coarse wool Lambs 50 

Aw. Com— John R. Hicks, George Bill, Wm. 

— o — 


Class i. 

Best Stallion, 4 years old or over Si. 00 

2d " . " " 50 


jiest Winter Apples, Best Quinces, 

" Fall Apples " Variety Grapes, 

" Plums, " " Peaches, 

Best Melon. 
Aw. Com. — James G. Bennett, Harrison 
Pierce, Robert Patchin. 
— o — 


Greatest variety and quantity of Flowers. 
Best Floral Design. 
Best Hand Boquet. 
Best Moss Basket. 

Aw. Com —Mrs. S. F. Hess, Mrs. P. H. Sal- 
linger, Mibs Carrie S. Ellis. 


Best bbl. Flour, Best Oats, 

" Spring Wheat " Rye, 

" Winter Wheat, " Corn, 

" Barley, " Potatoes. 

Discretionary Premiums will be awarded 

for non-enumerated articles in tnis department. 
Aw. Com. — Mr. Warren Patchin, Wm. Ros- 

enkrans, Joshua G. Doughty. 


Best 10 lbs. butter, Best loaf wheat bread, 
" 20 lbs. cheese, " loaf rye bread, 

Best 10 lbs. honey. 
Aw. Com — Mr. and Mrs. Ira Patchin. Mr. 

and Mrs. Davis Gray, Mr. and Mrs. David 



Best 5 yards white flannel, 

" 5 yards col'd flannel, 

" 10 yards rag carpet, 

" pair woolen blankets, 

" " " stockings or socks, 

" " yarn mittens. 

Discretionary premiums will be awarded for 
articles not enumerated. 

Aw. Com. — Mrs. Chauncey Moore, Mrs. 
James G. Bennett, Mrs. James Ryder. 



Best stallion 3 years old '. loo 

2(1 " '■ ^'50 

Aw. Com.— Wesley Doughty, F. E. Day, 
Frederick Westerman. 

Class 2. 

Best Brood Mare with foal at her foot $i.oo 

2d " " " 50 

Best 3 year old Mare or Gelding 5° 

2d " " '■ 25 

Best 2 year old Mare or Gelding 50 

2d " " " 25 

Best yearling colt ,. 5o 

2d " " 25 

Aw. Com.— John Young, Harris Curtis, 
Christian Gottschall. 

Class 3. 

Best pair matched Hors' s $[.00 

2d '■ " 50 

Best pair work Horses 1.00 

2d " " 50 

Aw. Com.— William McDowell A B. Adams 
Conrad Bill. 

Class 4. 
Fastest trotting horse in single harness... $.00 
2d ■■ " " ■•■ --SO 

Fastest trotting 3 year old i.oo 

2d '• " 50 

Sweepstakes open to all horses, best two 

in three (Entrance 50c. ) 500 

Aw. Com — O. H. Hess, U. S. Jolly, William 

— o — 

Class i. 

Best Boar $0.50 

2d " 25 

Best Sow and Pigs 50 

2d " " 25 

Aw. Com. — James Ryder, H. H. Murley, H. 
C. Cooley. 


Best coop of five Hens and Cock S0.25 

Best pair of Ducks 25 

Best pair of Turkeys 25 

Best pair of Bremen Geese 25 

Aw. Com —B. B. Hess, Ri<haid Mou.ten, 
David Herrick. 


Best embroidered bed quilt, 
specimen worked muslin, 
worsted work, 
" fancy embroidery, 
oil painting, 
wax fruit. 
Oriental painting, 
specimen leather work. 
Aw. C'im. — Miss Mina Rosenkrans, Miss 
Mary R. Moore, Dr. O H. Hess. 

Discretionary Committee.— S. F. Hess, Gil- 
bert Totten, Josiah Gray. 


AH articles and animals must be entered 
before 10 o'clock a. m The committees will 
receive their lists and proceed to discharge 
their duties at 12 o'clock. 

Fee for membership, 50 cents; exhibitors 
must in all cases be members of society. 

A diploma or booK will be given as premium 
for ariicles from other towns, and in all cases 
where not otherwise specified. 

All persons leaving their premiums in the 
treasury for the benefit of the society will be 
entitled to a diploma. 

All articles and animals from other towns 
will be examined by the Discretionary Com- 

Persons not members of the society may 
drive on the grounds at the following rates :— 

Two horses ^"'^ 

One horse ^°'^ 

All tickets to be obtained at the secretary's 


M. D. Strickland, Sec'y. 

If communities pass through the same 
stages of mind-growth as individuals, 
this period in Wayland's history might 
be called its romance age, as distin- 
guished from the bogey and good fairy 
time of "Old Tilden." A young man 
of first family and most honorable lin- 
eage was suspected of being a counter- 
feiter, which, while not the heinous 
crime in days when state banks were 
authorized to swindle the public with 

too often worthless money, that it is 
in the present time, was sufficiently 
under the ban of law to make it a most 
secret and, at times, a most exciting 

A series of engraved plates were cer- 
tainly discovered, for the writer has 
talked with people who claim to have 
seen them. This fact embellished, as 
it has been, by the dark hints and ob- 
scure surmises of those without the 

History of wayland, n. y. 


secret circle, has developed a tale fit to 
be bound in covers of the most aureate 
hue. The mysterious light from the 
attic window ; the midnight trips ; the 
cordon of confederate houses each 
painted in the same peculiar way ; the 
faithful girl wife who traveled in man's 
attire, and made the daring rescue from 
a famous prison ; the recapture ; the 

life in "durance vile ;" the plan of es- 
cape by feigning death ; the secret bur- 
ial, and then, years later, the meeting of 
friends in a distant land is much fiction 
founded upon little fact, but it gives to 
this part of our history the touch of 
romance that spices the early literature 
of most peoples. 





The people of Wayland may well 
take pride in the patriotism displayed 
by their fathers during the years of the 
Civil war. The town, though politically 
opposed to President Lincoln, supported 
him most loyally in his efforts to pre- 
serve the Union, and though street-cor- 

, N. Y. 

listing and credited to the town under 
the President's call for 500,000 men. 
The same question was voted on at a 
meeting held April 2, 1864, and carried 

"At a special town meeting held in the 
town clerk's office on the 30th day of 
April, 1864, it was unanimously agreed 
that the supervisor of this town see that 
the family of every volunteer soldier 
accredited to the town, and in the service 

ner discussion might have been bitter at of the United States, which should be 

No. 37S. 

times, when the hour for voting arrived 
support was usually unanimous. Some 
extracts from the old records are inter- 

At a special town meeting held Dec. 
29, 1863, it was voted — 208 for; 17 
against — to pay a bounty of $300 to 
each volunteer enlisting under the Pres- 
ident's call for 300,000 men. 

A special town meeting on March 5, 
1864, voted unanimously to pay a 
bounty of ^300 to each volunteer en- 

Waylaud St. 

proven to be in indigent circumstances, 
should be relieved to the amount of ^15 
at a time, by virtue of Chapter 8 of the 
laws of New York, entitled, "An act to 
authorize the levying of a tax upon the 
taxable property of the different counties 
and towns of the state." etc., passed 
February 9, 1 864. 

"James P. Clark, Supervisor. 

"Nicholas Zimmerman, J. P. 

"James E. Adams, J. P." 
On the 20th of September, 1864, the 



town board voted unanimously to pay 
all volunteers accredited to the town, 
either personally or by substitute, prev- 
ious to the draft the sum of ^600, and 
that the supervisor be empowered to 
raise the bounty to any amount less than 
^1,000 to save the town from the draft. 
Wayland's quota under the call of 
July 18, 1864, was 55 men, and was 
filled without resorting to a draft. 

N.J. Somers, 1859-62, James H. Begole, 
1860-64, James E. Adams, 186I-71, 
Nicholas Zimmerman, 1858^76, H. S. 
Rosenkrans, 1862-66. 

The following list of those who 
entered the army from Wayland, and 
those enlisting elsewhere who were ac- 
credited to the town, is believed to be 
as accurate as is possible. There were, 
however, many from this town who en- 


In addition to the liberal bounties 
offered by the town, Dn Warren Patchin 
personally promised a cow to each vol- 
unteer, and cows were valuable property 
at that time. 

The Town Board during the war per- 
iod consisted of. Supervisors, James G. 
Bennett, 1858-63, James P. Clark, 
1864-5 ; Town Clerks, Dexter S. Jolly, 
1861, Nicholas Zimmerman, 1862-65 ; 
Justices, John H. Carpenter, 1859-62, 

listed from other places whose names 
are not obtainable. 

Avery, Chauncey Stillman, Corp., i88th N. Y. 

Inf., CO. H; enl. Sept. 9, 1864, one year; 

disch. July i, 1865. 
Beck, George John, private, 107th N. Y. Inf., 

Co. I; enl. July 30, 1862; disch. April 30, 

Bill, Henry, private, 28th N. Y. Art. Co. B; 

enl. July 30, i86z, three years; disch. July 

30, 1865. 
Bill, John Nicholas, private, 179th N. Y. Inf., 

Co. C; enl. March 31, 1864; disch July 30, 

Bill John Nicholas, private, 28th N. Y. Art. ; 

enl. Aug. 30, 1862; disch. Aug. 1865. 


Booth, John, private, i88th N. Y. Inf; enl. 

Sept. 8, 1864, one year; disch. July i, 1865. 
Brown, Benjamin, private, i88th N. Y. Inf ; 

enl. Sept. 9, 1864, one year; disch. May 9, 

Brown, David, private, i88th N. Y. Inf., Co. 

H; enl. Sept. 9, 1864, one year; disch. 

July II, 1865. 
Brown, Waldo, private, i88th N. Y. Inf., Co. 

H; enl. Sept. g, 1864, one year. 
Brownell, George Edmond, private, 35th N. 

Y. Inf., Co. F: enl. June 1861, two years; 

disch. June 5, 1863. 
Clayson, Robert Halsted, private, 28th N. Y. 

Art., Co. B; enl. Aug. 23, 1864; disch. 

July 31, 1865. 
Cole, Heman, ist Dryer Cav., Co. G; enl. Aug, 

4, 1862, three years; disch. Dec. 28, 1863, 

Conrad, Christian, died April 1865, typhoid 

Conrad, George, private. i8Bth N. Y., Inf., 

Co. D: enl. Sept. 3, 1864, one year; disch. 

July I. 1865. 
Conrad, John, private, 104th N. Y. Inf., Co. D; 

enl. June 15th, 1862, three years; died 

Salisbury, N. C. prison Jan. 14, 1865. 
Conrad, Philip, private, 13th N. Y. Inf., Co. 

B. enl April 17, 1861, two yeats; disch. 

May 14, 1863. 
Curtis, Albert DeWitt, serg't,i6ist N. Y., Inf. 

Co. I; enl. Aug. 22, 1862, three years; 

disch. July i, 1865. 
Didas, Peter, private, 188th N. Y., Inf,, Co. G; 

enl one year. 
Didas, Peter, Jr. private, i88th N. Y. Inf., Co. 

E; enl. Sept. 12, 1864, one year; disch. 

June 12, 1865. 
Dildine, Eugene, private, i88th N. Y., Inf., 

Co. E; enl. Aug. 30, 1864, one year; disch. 

July 9, 1865. 
Doughty, John, private, 28th N. Y. Art; enl. 

Aug. 28, 1862, three years; disch. July 31, 

Dunton, Levi, private, 13th N. Y. Inf., Co. G; 

enl. Oct. 10, 1 861, three years; disch. May 

20, 1863. 
Dye, Ira, private, i88th N. Y Inf., Co. D; enl. 

Aug. 1864, one year; disch. July i, 1865. 
Earl, George Elisha, private 141st N. Y. Inf., 

Co. C; Enl. Aug. 28 1864, one year; disch. 

June 8, 1865. 
Earls, William, private, 76th N. Y. Inf., Co. 

F; drafted July 14, 1863, three years; 

disch. July 24, 1865. 
Endler, Jacob, private, 104th N. Y. Inf., Co. 

D; enl. Dec. 12, 1861, three years; disch. 

Jan. 14, 1863. Re enl. Dec. 23, 1863; 21st 

N. Y. Cav,, Co. K; disch. July 21, 1865. 
Endler, John, private, i88th N. Y., Inf., Co.D; 

enl. Dec. 12, 1861, one year. 
Endler, Michael, Jr., private, 13th N., Y. Inf., 

Co. G; enl., Dec. 12, 1861, three years; 

killed about June 20, 1862. 
Evington, Warren, private, 104th N. Y. Inf., 

Co. D; enl. June 15, 1862, three years; 

died in Salisbury, N. C, prison. 
Perney, Frank, private, 14th N. Y., Inf; enl. 

Oct. 28, 1864, three years. Substitute for 

Nicholas Zimmerman. 


Fish, Harvey, private, 179th N. Y. Inf., Co 

A; enl. Feb. 1864, three years; died ii 

Andersonville prison July 24, 1864. 
Fox, Charles. 
Fox, George, private, 6th N. Y. Art., Co. b! 

enl. Jan. 4, 1864, three years, disch. Aug. 

24, 1895. 
Fox, John George; private, 104th N. Y., Inf., 

Co. B; enl. March 1862, three years. 
Frister, Charles. 
Fronk, Joseph, private, 28th N. Y. Art Co. B; 

enl. Aug. 30, 1862, three years; disch. Jul. 

30, 1865. 
Fuller, Chester, private, 107th N. Y, Inf., Co.| 

I; enl. Aug. 4, 1862, threfe yrs. ; disch. '65.! 
Glover, George, private, i88th N. Y. Inf., Co. 

D; enl. Sept. 9, 1864. one year; disch. 

July I, 1865. 
Glover, Melvin, private, 28th N. Y. Art., Co. 

B; enl. Jan 4, 1864, three years; disch. 1 

July 31, 1865. 
Granger, Andrew Anderson, private, i88th N. 

Y. Inf, Co., E; enl. Sept. 3, 1861, one 

year; disch June 24, 1865. 
Grine, Christian, private, i88th N. Y. Inf., Co. 

D; one year; disch. July 10, 1865. 
Gross, Joseph, private, i88th N. Y. Inf , Co. 

C: enl. Sept. 20, 1864, one year, killed 

Feb. 6, 1865. 
Gurgin, Jacob, private, 28th N. Y. Art, Co. B; 

enl. Aug, 25, 1862, three years; disch. July 

30, 1865. 
Hendrick, William, alias Everett M Fowler, 

private, 107th N. Y. Inf.., Co. I; enl. July 

23, 1862, three years; disch. July 7, 1864. 
Henny, Michael, private, 28th N. Y Art; enl. 

Oct. 4, 1864, three years. Substitute for 

James Redmond. 
Herrin, Amos, private, 141st N. Y. Inf., Co.F; 

enl Sept. 5, 1864, one year; disch June 26 

Herrin, Joseph Tilley, private, nist NY Inf, 

CoF; enl Sept 5, 1864, one year; disch 

June 26 1865. 
Herrin, Theodore Berleyton, private, 141st N 

Y Inf, Co F; enl Sept. 5, 1864 one year; 

disch June to, 1865. 
Hess, Alfred Marion, corp, 189th N Y Inf. Co. 

G; enl Aug 29, 1864 one year; disch June 

8, 1865. 

bugler, 28th N Y Art 
1864, three yrs; disch 

sergt 28th N Y Art Co. 
disch July 

Hess, Charles Demas, 

Co. B; enl Jan 5 

July 31, 1865. 
Hill, DeWitt Warner, 

B; enl Aug 20 1862, three vrs 

31 1865. 
Hoag, Nathan, private 28th N Y Art, Co B; 

enl Jan 2 1864 three yrs; disch July 31 '65. 
Hoffman, Joseph, private i88th N Y Inf,CoG; 

disch July 13 1865. 
Holzer, Frank, private i88th N Y Inf, Co E; 

enl Aug. 3 1864 one year. 
Huff, James Dennis, private, 141st N Y Inf, 

Co C; enl Sept 1864 one year; died Dec 9 

1864, typhoid fever. 
Ingraham, Charles Byron, private 85th N Y 

Inf, Co B; enl Sept. 186: three yrs. Re- 

enl May 1864; died Aug '64, Andersonville 


History of WAyland, tj. V. 


Jewell, Charles Collins, sergt 154th N Y Inf. 

CoC; enl July 26 i85j three yrs; disch 

June II '65. 

Kester, Tunis, private, 107th N Y Inf, Co I; 

enl Aug 2 1862 three yrs; disch June 6 '65. 

Kirch, John Nicholas, private, 89th N Y Inf; 

CoD; enl Feb 5, 1864 three yrs; disch, 

Aug 3 1865. 
Knoodle, John, sergt i6ist N Y Inf, Co. I; enl 

Aug 3 1862, disch. Mch. 4. 1B65. 
Kuhn, Jacob, private 188th N Y Inf Co E; enl 

Sept 3 1864 one year; disch June 12 1865. 
Kuhn, William, private i88th N Y Inf. Co. E; 

enl Sept 3 1864 one year; disch July 12 '65. 
Lane, George Washington, private, 141st N Y 

Inf, Co C; enl Sept i, 1864 one year; disch 

June 8 1865. 
Lane. Samuel, Jr., private ivglh N Y Inf, Co. 

D; enl May 20, 1863. Died Jan. 19, 1865, 

Martin, Phineas Isaac, private, 130th N Y Inf, 

Co K; enl Aug 14 1862 three years; disch 

July 17 1865 
Martin, Wesley, private 189th N Y Inf Co G, 

enl Sept i, 1864 one year; disch June 9 '65. 
McDowell, Alexander, private 28th N Y Art 

Co B; enl Aug 30 1862 three yrs; disch 

July 3r 1865. 
McDowell, Clayton Augustus private 104th N 

Y Inf, Co D; enl Feb i, 1862 three years; 

disch Dec 3 1862 disability ; Re enl sergt, 

i88th N Y Inf Co D; Sept 9 1864 one year; 

disch July 11 1865. 
McDowell, Simon Victor, private 23th N Y 

Art, Co. B; enl Jan. 1864 three years; 

disch July 31 1865. 
Mehlenbacher, Christopher, Jr. private 28th 

N Y Art, Co B, enl Jan 1864 three yrs 

disch July 31 1865. 
Miller, Nicholas, private i88th N Y Ini, Co E 

enl Sept 10 1864 one year; disch July i '65, 
Miller, Peter, private i88th N Y Inf, Co E 

enl Sept •, 1864 one year; disch July i, '65 
Moon, Reynolds, private 86th N V Inf, Co D 

enl Aug 14 1862 three yrs; disch June 2 '65. 
Morehouse, Clark, private i88th N Y Inf, Co 

G; enl Sept 19, 1864, one year; disch. Aug 

II, 1865. 
Norris, George, private 179th N Y Inf, Co. B, 
Paine, Alonzo, private drafted July 14 '63 ; disc. 
Parsons, George Washington, private 28th N 

YArtCoB; enl Aug 22 1862 three yrs 

disch Juiy 31 '65. 
Perkins, James Jr., corp, 28th N Y Art Co B 

enl 1862 three yrs; disch July 31 '65. 
Pettis, Orlando, private 141st N Y Inf, Co F 

enl Sept i 1864, one year; disch June 8, '65 
Pfaff, George, private ro4th N Y Inf, Co D 

enl June 20 1862 three yrs; disch Dec 24 

1862, disability. 
Pierce, Henry Clinton, corp, i6ist N Y Inf Co 

I; enl Aug 25 1862 three yrs; disch Sept 

20 1865. 
Pinchin, Waldo, private, drafted July 14 1863. 

Prisoner in Libby prison and not heard 

from since. 
Rauber, Nicholas, private i88th N Y Inf, Co 

E; enl Sept 12 1864 one year 
Rauber, Nicholas Jr. private 131st N Y Inf, 

Co B; enl April 28 1861 two years; dish 

Oct. 22 1861, disability. Private i88th N 

Y Inf, Co D; re-enl Sept 18 1864 one year; 
disch July 27, '95. 

Rauber, William, private i88th N Y Inf, Co 

E; enl Sept 3 1864 one year; disch May 22 

Rice, Seth Zera, private 28th N. Y Art, Co B; 

enl Aug 30 1864 three yrs; disch July 31 

1865. Promoted to corporal May '64. 
Rice, Thomas Bradley, private 28th N Y Art 

CoB; enl Aug 30 iSb\ three yrs; disch 

July 31 '65. Promoted to sergt July '64. 
Roth, Stephen, private 6th N Y Inf, Co E; 

enl Dec 27 1863 three yrs ; disch Aug 24 '65. 
Schutz, Jacob, private, i88th N Y Inf, Co D; 

enl Sept 6 1864 one year; disch July 11 '65. 
Schutz, William, private, 97th N Y Inf, Co 

B; drafted July 24 i86j, three yrs; disch 

July 18 1865. 
Schwingle, Jacob, private drafted July 14, '63. 
Sohwingle, John Jacob, private ro7th N Y Inf, 

Co I; drafted July 14 1863 three yrs; disch 

July 9 1865. 
Schwingle, Philip, private i88th N Y Inf, Co 

D; enl Sept 3 186-4 one year; died Nov. 24 

Schwingle, William, private 28th N Y Art, Co 

B; enl Aug 20 1862 three yrs; disch July 

31 1865. 
Seeley, Permellon, private, 141st N Y Inf, Co 

B; enl Aug 1862, three years; disch June 

8 1865. 
Siclc, Philip, Jr. private 28th N Y Art, Co B; 

enl Aug 1862, three yrs; disch July 3-. '65. 
Smith, John Joseph, private iiilh Pa. Inf, Co 

B; enl Aug 10 1861 three yrs; disch Dec 

15 1863. Re.enl same Regt same Co, on 

same day. Disch July 18 1865. 
Smith. Peter, private i88th N Y Inf Co D; enl 

Sept 3 1864 one year; disch July ii 1B65. 
Smith, Wendel, private i88th N Y Inf Co 

E: enl Aug 5 1864 one year; died Jan 20 

1865 typhoid fever. 
Steinhardt, Henry, private i88th N Y Co D; 

enl Sept 12 1864; died Jan 29 1865 typhoid 

Sutton, Joseph, private, 14'st N Y Inf, Co C; 

enl Sept i 1864 one year; disch June 8, '65 
Thompson, Elisha Fleyley, private, i88th N 

Y Inf Co D; enl Sept 7 1864, one year; 
disch July i .1865. 

Thompson, Georen Ehrbu, corp, i88th Inf, Co 

D; enl Sept 7 1864 one year; disch July i 

Thompson, John Austin, drafted July 14 1863 

three yrs; disch. 
Thompson, Thomas C private ist N Y Dra- 
goons Co K; enl Aug 15 1862 three yrs; 

disch July 19 1865. 
Tichenor. Lewis James, private 28th N Y Art 

Bat E; enl Aug 22 1862 three years; disch 

July 31 1865. 
Tompkins, William Harrison, private 28th 

N Y Art Co B; enl Aug 22 1862 three yrs; 

disch July 31 1865. 
Tripp, Christopher C, private i6ist N Y Inf 

Co D; enl Aug 28 1862 three yrs; died Oct. 

25 1864, diarrhoea. 
Van Riper, Jerry, private, 28th N Y Art, Co 

B; enl Jan 5, 1863 three yrs; disch July 

31. 1865. 



Van Riper, Norris, private, 104th N Y Inf, 

Co D; enl June 15, 1862 three yrs; died 

in Salisbury, N C, prison Jan 14, 1865. 
Weirmiller, Christian J., corp, 28th N Y Art, 

Co B; enl Aug 1S62 three yrs; disch July 

31, T865. 
Weiermiller, Henry, private, 28th N Y Art, 

Co B; enl jan 1864 three yrs, disch July 

31, 1865. 
Werdine, Adolph. private, 109th N Y Inf, Co 

I ; enl Aug 4 1862 three yrs ; disch Jan 17, 

Wheeler, Clayton Marcellus, private, 28th N 

Y Art, Bat E; enl Aug 25 1S62, three yrs; 

disch March 13, i86,'3, disability. 
Wolfanger, Nicholas, private, i88th N Y Inf, 

CoD; enl Sept 3, 1864 one year; disch 

July I 1865. 
Yochem, Matthias, private, i88th N Y Inf, 

Co D; enl Sept 2, 1864, one year; disch 

July 10, 1865. 
Yochem. Nicholas, private, i88th N Y Inf, Co 

!); enl Sept 2, 1864 one year; disch July 

10, 1865. 
Yochem, Peter, private. 28th N Y Art, Co B: 

enl Aug 2, 1862. three yrs; disch July 31, 

Young, George, private, 107th N Y Inf, Co I ; 

enl Aug 4. 1862, three years; disch Jan. 

1863. disability. 

Of others whose names are found, 

but whose records are missing, there are: 

Abrams, Almond J; Albright, Michael; 
Avery, Simon G; Baker, William; Beck with, 

Lewis; Beeman, ; Bennett, Louis; 

Booth, William M; Chase, Ira W, Comdt, 
Christian ; Cory, Albert; Day, Orleans, W ; 
Deiter, Conrad; Demorest, Cornelius; Dye, 
Henry; Dye, Martin; Dyer, Henry ; Federkdl, 
Peter; Foot, Adam; Foot, John; Forrester, 
David; Fuller, George; Granger George H; 
Granger,GideonS; Grine, Jno; Gugle, Martin; 
Harris, James; Hartwell, George; Hittus, 
Chester; Hoag, Perry; Hock, Matthias; Holtz, 
Jacob; Hunter, John; Jenks, Prank; Johnson, 
William; Kellogg, William S; Kingsley, Je- 
rome; Krutchen, Augustus; Krutchen, John 
B; Magee. Daniel; Markham, Merritt; Morsch, 
Michael; Newman, Peter; Schu, Nicholas; 
Sedgwick, Albert; Sick, Frederick; Smith, 
Jacob; Sommers, William; Stetson, Reuben; 

Totten, Andrew; VanValkenberg, Orin ; Wat- 
kins, Lorenzo; Weiermiller, John; Wyand, 
Jacob; Yochum, Christian; Yochem, John; 
Young, John. 

Enlisted at Buffalo and credited to Wayland: 
Brown, Thomas; Canhum, Oscar; Dowl, Wil- 
liam; Doyle, John; Hardier, John; Howett, 
Matthias; Kise, Albert; Lewis, Charles; 
Maker, John; Osgood, Harry; Pyle, John; 
Sharp, Watson; Tailor, John. 

Enlisted at Rochester, and credited to Way- 
land: Green, Richard; Simpson, George. 

Enlisted at Elmira and credited to Wayland: 
Brown, John; Buchanan, Howard; Clark, 
William; Cokely, John; Collins, Alexander; 
Cowen, Thomas; Juhnson, W. C; Karl, 
Jot ham: Lawless, John; Lewis, John; Moon, 
William; Smith, Albert; Tinna, Frank; Wall, 

The total number on the above Hst 
is 205 names, and the average length of 
service, so far as obtainable, was about 
eighteen months. Only two lost their 
lives in battle. Southern prisons were 
two and one-half times as deadly as 
Southern bullets, and camp fevers twice 
as fatal as prisons. The mortality 
among these 205 men, scattered through 
a dozen different regiments, was actual- 
ly less than the figures for the age of 
twenty-one years as given in the Amer- 
ican Table of Mortality used as a basis 
by the insurance companies for estimat- 
ing probable deaths among men in 
ordinary, non-hazardous vocations. The 
immediate fatality of war does not, 
then, seem so terrible as the maimed 
bodies and broken constitutions that' 
the survivors must carry through life. 



George Peck, 

i860 TO 1870. 

During the 'SO's, as has been seen, 
the two corner stores owned by David 
Herrick and John Hess, the Secor gro- 
cery, the Chase shoe shop and the Cur- 
tis and Bennett blacksmith shops had 
sufficed for the trade of the village. 

The years from i860 to 1870 saw a 
large increase in the business population. 

of H. L. Moora's house. 

now of Naples, was in this business 

during the later years of this period. 

The hardware business was initiated 
by Charles E. Field. Thomas Abrams 
became associated with S. F. Hess in 
i860, as successors to John Hess, in 
whose store they had both been clerks. 
S. F. Hess sold his interest in this busi- 
ness to Martin Kimmel early in 1868, 
and near the close of that year Kimmel 
and Abrams sold the stock to Rice, 

and a greater diversity of trades, 
harness shop was opened by Joel S. 
May and continued by him until his 
retirement from business in 1884. Mr. 
May removed to Nebraska, and then to 
Texas, making his home with his daugh- 
ter, Mrs. E. L. Baker. He died recent- 
ly at an advanced age. James Welton, 
a son of Rev. A. J. Welton, kept the 
first jeweliy store on the corner now 
occupied by the hotel owned by Frank 
Engel. The building is now a portion 

N"o. 48 W. Naples Street. 

A Fowler & Co. 

The sales of this store 
amounted in one 5'ear, during the war 
period, to about ;?40,ooo, which figures 
are less startling when the high prices 
of the time are considered. In illustra- 
tion, a bill from this, house charges; 2^ 
bush, potatoes, ^2.50; i pair boots, 
;^7.oo; 25 lbs. flour, ^1.63; 5 lbs. sugar, 
$ .75; 2 lbs crackers, $ .30. 

David Herrick's store passed to Byron 
Hopkins, then to Benjamin B. Hess, 
and later to Ira Bush and H. B. Rice. 


Mr. Bush came to Wayland 
from the town of Wheeler 
in 1866, and after three 
years retired from mercan- 
tile life and devoted himself 
to brokerage, and being a 
man of property became in 
a sense the banker of the 
community. He died in 
1876. His wife, Mrs. Jane 
Bush, and two daughters, 
Mrs. Gertrude Shults and 
Mrs. Amelia Fowler survive 

Ira W. Chase continued 
his shoemaking almost 
through this decade, though 
he discontinued harness re- 
pairing after Mr. May open- 
ed his shop. The repoi't of 
Mr. Chase's mysterious 
death was a topic of specu- 
lation for some time, and 
dark hints — thos',. intangible 
nuclei of scandal — con- 
structed quite a thrilling 
tragedy which was ruthlessly spoiled by 
Mr. Chase being found in tiie flesh with 
body intact. His former monopoly of 
the village trade was infringed on the 
advent of Gottlieb Zeilbeer in the year 
1864. Mr. Zeilbeer was raised in one 
of the cantons of Switzerland, bordering 
on Germany, and came to America in 
1854, living successively in Buffalo, 
Columbus, O., Philadelphia, Pa., and 
Corning before finding his way to Way- 
land for a permanent home. He bought 
his stand of his corn-patriot, John J. 
Hurzler, who retired to a farm in East 
Wayland. Before removing from Corn- 
ing he married Caroline Fritz, their 
children being Ella, of Wayland ; Mrs. 
Emma Wolf of New York; Fenton de- 

N. Y. 


ceased, and Charles F , who became 
associated in business with his father in 
1894, and has continued it since his 
father's death in 1897. H. H. Morley 
and his brother, Jasper Morley, who 
also dispensed groceries, and Clark 
Morehouse were other shoemakers of 
this time. 

The Hess block had various tenants. 
B. B. Hess occupied the south store for 
a time with the postoffice and a tobacco 
business. William Avery conducted a 
dry goods business there, his brother-in- 
law, Horace Avery, being associated 
with him when he was closing out his 
stock preparatory to his removal to 
Florida. Though bearing the same 
name, the relationship between them 


was that of brothers-in-law, William 
being a brother of our townsmen 
Chauncey S, and John Avery, and Hor- 
ace the husband of their sister. The 
.firm of Northrup & Dildine occupied 
the south store from 1868 for more 
than ten years. William Northrup, 
senior partner, had come to Springwater 
with his father's family, from Washing- 
ton county in 1845, ^"d both as mer- 
chant and as administiator of the Hen- 
ry H. Hess estate, became closely rela- 

N. Y. 


cial depression before and after 1873, 
may in a measure be gauged by the 
share of patronage received by this 
concern, and a peep at their books 
shows a trade averaging about ;^ 1,000 
per month. 

James E. Adams was the pioneer at- 
torney and counselor of the town, and 
served, with the exception of one year, 
from 1 86 1 to 1873 as Justice of the 
Peace. Samuel Overpeck started the 
fire in his forge in 1863, and continued 

No. 3 East 

ted to the village and its interests. He 
was also postmaster 1867-75. Eugene 
Dildine had returned to Wayland after 
service in the army, and had started a 
small business in the store originally 
occupied by James Welton, which he 
continued until he entered into this 
partnership. He married Ida, daughter 
of Rev. A. J. Welton, and about 1874 
moved to Binghamton, where he still 
lives. The amount of business done in 
the village during the years of commer- 


in active business almost to the time of 
his death in 1892. He held the ofifice 
of village trustee for four years. Mrs. 
Overpeck yet resides at the homestead 
on Main street, and his sons have long 
been prosperous residents of the Great 
West. William S. Kellogg was also a 
member of the blacksmith fraternity of 
the period, being in business before he 
enlisted in the army and continuing 
again after his discharge. He died in 
1 897. Burton J. Scott came from Sul- 


livan county to VVayland in 1867, and 
started in the blacksmith trade that he 
has continued until recently. Mr. Scott 
has been one of the practical humorists 
of the town, and his contributions to 
the village paper, and the interest he 
displayed at the time of the oil excite- 
ment will long be remembered. He 
•married Viola Small, their children 
being, Mrj. Minnie Price, of New 
Rochelle, N. Y., Lewis R. and Grover 


ness community, having begun his career 
here before any other merchant now in 
town. At the start he acted as clerk in 
the store of B. B. Hess for a period of 
three months, and in 1866 began in the 
grocery line on his own account, grad- 
ually extending his field to a general 
merchandise. In 1883 he formed a 
co-partnership with his former compet- 
itor, Isaac W. Secor, the firm continuing 
to 1885. He was burned out at the 


C. of Wayland. In 1878 Mr. Scott 
was candidate for village president 
against H. S. Rosenkrans, each receiving 
79 votes. The election was decided by 
drawing lots, and Mr. Rosenkrans won. 
Mr. Scott served as trustee from 1887 
to 1891. 

Addison L. Morley settled in Way- 
land at the close of the war in which he 
had served in the i88th N. Y. Infantry. 
He is now the dean of Wayland's busi- 

corner of Main and Fremont streets in 
1893, and the following season re-open- 
ed in his present location. In the 
spring of 1900 he relinquished the dry 
goods portion of his business to his 
son's concern, Morley, Carpenter & Co. 
Mr. Morley's business life has been a 
steady and solid growth, and he is 
esteemed as one of Wayland's safest 
and most conservative men. He is a 
director of the First National Bank, 


and of the Dime Savings and Loan As- 
sociation. He married Carrie Mather 
in 1867, and has two children, Ray L. 
and May E. Morley. The other gen- 
eral store passed from Kimmel and Ab- 
rams to Rice, Fowler & Co., (H. B. 
Rice, Thomas M. Fowler and Wilbur 
W. Capron.) The change was the re- 
sult of several barters, and was tempo- 
rary, the business soon afterward being 
transferred to Henry B. Rice individ- 
ually. Mr. Rice had entered the army 

N. Y. §7 

and Miss Rose of Hornellsville. James 
E. Showers, who had moved from How- 
ard, where he was born, in 1829, to 
Burns, and back to Loon Lake in 1851, 
from whence he enlisted in the army, 
returning to Wayland in 1865, was in 
the undertaking business. Being burned 
out the following year, he turned his 
attention to carpenter work and building. 
Mr. Showers has lived in the house he 
now occupies thirty-two years. 

In 1864, George W. Morehouse 

a private and was discharged a ser- 
geant. He was elected Town Clerk in 
1870, and Justice in 1879. He died in 
1879. His two daughters, Mrs. Isabella 
Beeman and Mrs. Florence Cole are yet 
residents of Wayland. 

W. Fred Kiel came with his bride, 
nee Miss Moeller, from Sandy Hill and 
occupied a house on the Gray farm, his 
business being that of carpenter. His 
eleven children all reside in Wayland, 
except Mrs. Mary Delaney of Geneseo, 

Cor. Main and Naples Streets. 

opened the first drug store in the vil- 
lage, and in 1869 bought the Bush stock 
and moved to the old Herrick corner. 
Mr. Morehouse was chosen the first 
village treasurer, and was publisher of 
the first Wayland newspaper. He 
moved to Michigan about 1886. Mrs. 
Clark Morehouse conducted a popular 
milHnery on the corner of Main and 
Fremont streets for several years during 
this period. 

Albert Sauerbeir came from Wallace 



to this village in 1 869, and opened a 
saloon and restaurant, which business 
he has continued to the present. After 
his return from the war he had first 
made his home at Wallace, where in 
1865 he married Ann Mary Meyers. 
They have had seven children, Frank 
G., of Jersey City ; John B., of Livonia; 
Lewis J., deceased, Frederick K., deceas- 
ed ; and William A, M. Helene and Julia 
A., of Wayland. Mr. Sauerbeir was vil- 
lage treasurer in 1892 and 1893. 

At the station James G. Bennett was 
agent, and Charles Drahmer was em- 
ployed in the then new profession of 
telegrapher. A. P. Southwick was as- 
sistant, which position he retained until 
1882, the old "depot" proving the step- 
ping stone for his sons — as it has for so 
many of Wayland's boys — to wider 
fields, Wesley R. becoming the ticket 
agent for the Stonnington and Fall 


River lines at New York, and William 
H. a conductor on the Erie. Nicholas 
Schu was foreman of the "section 
gang" with which he is yet connected, 
having served the road over thirty-five 
years. His five children are Nicholas 
Jr., of the Commercial House ; Frank ; 
Jacob E., station agent for the Lacka- 
wanna at Perkinsville ; Margaret and 
Elizabeth. Daniel Honan has also ren- 
dered the road continuous service since 
1865. He married Mary Kelly, of 
Avon, in 1 864, and they have had five 
children ; Mrs. Anna Ryan of Mt. Mor- 
ris; Katharine, deceased; Mrs. Elizabeth 
Seely of Cohocton; John, of Trumans- 
burg ; and William L., of Wayland. ; 
Nicholas Rauber, Jr., joined the force 
as a laborer in 1868, afterward becoming 
foreman, which position he has held 
for many years, Mr. Rauber was born 
in Germany, coming to this country in 

History of wayLand, n. y. 


childhood. He enlisted in the 131st 
N. Y. Infantry during the war, being 
honorably discharged for the disability 
on which he now draws a pension. In 
1872 he married Caroline Halauer, by 
whom he had five children ; Charles J., 
senior partner in Rauber and Vogt's ; 
Lester J., professor of dancing; Frank 
D., with C. Gottschall & Son; Mary and 
Carrie who died in 1901. Mrs. Rauber 
died in 1892. He has since married 
Mrs. Crescentia John, nee Hagele, who 
has five children ; Mrs. Katie LaTerre ; 
Albert ; Joseph; Nettie and Tillie. Mr. 
Rauber has served as village trustee for 
eight year.?. John Munding was also of 
this force, and now lives in retirement 
at his home on Naples street, his child- 
ren being Mrs. Mary Blum of Dansville; 
John J. of Rochester ; Joseph F., de- 
ceased and Mrs. Lizzie Kimmel, of 
Wayland. John Bergin worked as 


railroad constructionist for a number of 
years, and with his sister kept a popular 
boarding house. His daughter is Mrs. 
Kate Kester of Wayland, and his son, 
William R. Bergin, general ticket agent 
of the Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburg 
railroad at Rochester. 

The produce business, which from the 
earliest times has been of such impor- 
tance to Wayland, was started by Isaac 
R. Trembly about the date of the com- 
pletion of the railroad, and a warehouse 
built where the old Capron building now 
stands. Mr. Trembly was never a resi- 
dent of Wayland, but held the contract 
for carrying the mails to Dansville, and 
became the first grain buyer of the 
town, George W. Marts being his effi- 
cient lieutenant for some time. About 
1856 James Redmond and James H. 
Begole succeeded to the business and 
re-built the warehouse. They trans- 

interests to Capron and 


ferred their 
Fowler in 1868. Mr. Begole was a son 
of Thomas Begole mentioned among 
the first settlers of the town, and was 
for many years a prominent citizen. 
James Redmond had come to Wayland 
in 1855, and was also actively identified 
with the interests of the town. He 
began in the service of the Erie, and 
became interested, not alone in produce, 
but also in lumber, and was at one 
time a partner with Martin Kimmel in 
the saw mill. He was town collector 
in 1864, supervisor in 1868, and again 
in 1870. Mr. Redmond died in 1872. 
His children, Mrs. Vietti Fay of Hor- 
nellsville ; Frank, of Rochester ; James 
C.,'of Wayland ; and Guy B., of Free- 
dom, are all living. His widow, Mrs. 
Adeline Hilliar Redmond died in 1900. 
Wilbur W. Capron has through life 
been a man of wonderful activity — a 
hustler in whatever direction he became 
interested, and always restless until he 
was at the front. Endowed with an 
optomistic and jovial nature, he has 
taken the happiest view of the problem 
of life. His many years of incessant 
political service received its reward from 
Governor Morton in the appointment 
to the position of Poil Warden at New 
York city, where he has resided during 
the greater portion of the past six years. 
His wife is the daughter of John Wiley, 
an early resident of Springwater. They 
have one son, Wiley W. Capron, who 
■ conducts the produce business as suc- 
cessor to the old firm. 

Thomas M. Fowler was of Spring- 
water descent, but during the years of 
his residence here became thoroughly 
identified with the village. He was in- 
terested in lumber as well as grain, and 
placed the machinery for planing and 

N. Y. 

matching boards in the mill now owned 
by Shaffer & Wolff At the Republican 
Assembly convention of 1872 there was 
a dead-lock in the choice of a candidate 
and Aaron Chase, — "Secretary," as he 
was generally called, — ^a tin pedler, well 
known throughout this locality, was a 
member of Wayland's contingent. | 
When the fruitless ballotings became 
tiresome to him, he secured the floor, 
and after stating that his delegation had 
come to the convention "unhobbled and 
untrammeled," he nominated Mr. Fow- 
ler for whom he had a great admiration, 
for assemblyman, promising a large ma- 
jority for him in Wayland, then a demo- 
cratic stronghold. The convention 
"stampeded," and the nomination went 
to Mr. Fowler, no one bemg more sur- 
prised than himself In his trips through 
the country "Secretary" Chase began 
working to make good his promise 
about the majority, and his joy was 
complete when Mr. Fowler was elected, 
carrying Wayland by almost exactly the 
figure he had predicted. Mr. Fowler 
served the district faithfully and with 
ability, and was re-elected the following 
term. Several years later he removed to 
Dansville where he conducted a dry 
goods house. He died in 1895. 

It is to the old saw-mill that the 
minds of the longer-timed residents turn 
as comprising the center and circumfer- 
ence of industrial Wayland of this per- 
iod. It was situated on South Main 
street at the crossing of the creek, and 
was first set up by a Mr. Saxton abouti: 
1858. In i860, Martin Kimmel, an 
energetic young man of German descent, 
purchased it. Several j^ears later S. F. 
Hess, having a large amount of sawing 
to be done, purchased a half interest in ' 
the mill, which he resold to Mr. Kimr' 


f I 

mel at the same time that he sold him 
his interest in the corner store. Mr. 
James Redmond was also his partner 
for a short time. After B. M. Morris 
had come into possession of the present 
mill, the two were united under the 
management of Kimmel and Morris, 
who sold, in 1884 to the present pro- 
prietors, Shaffer & Wolff Mr. Kimmel 
purchased the Thrall farm — the west 
half of the original Chauncey Moore 
place — in 1865, and by subsequent pur- 

associated with his father. A year later 
he bought a stock of hardware in Cohoc- 
ton, in charge of which he placed his 
son, Peter J. Kimmel, under a similar 
firm name. Mr. Kimmel was the mov- 
ing spirit in the building of St. Joseph's 
Catholic church, and has been promi- 
nently identified with every important 
step in the progress of Wayland. He 
served as supervisor of the town in 1872 
and 1873, and in 1879 and 1880. He 
has been twice married, his first wife 

No, 14 Pii 

chases has increased his land holdings 
to about 400 acres. In 1881 Kimmel 
and Morris, in partnership with Wilbur 
W. Capron and William W. Clark, pur- 
chased of H. W. Garnsey the hardware 
business, of which Mr. Kimmel subse- 
quently became the sole owner. The 
fires of 1883 destroyed the stock, but 
the business was restarted, Mr. Kimmel 
building the large double store now 
occupied by the concern. Since 1889 
it has been under the firm name of M. 
Kimmel & Son, John Kimmel being 

le Street. ^ 

being Catharine Gross, who died in 
1862, leaving three children, Joseph F., 
of Dakota, Mrs. Margaret Yohan, of 
Springwater, and Mrs. Maiy Quantz of 
Wayland. The present Mrs. Kimmel 
was Mrs. Clara (Voght) Kirk. They 
have ten children, Martin Jr., John, 
Frank, Peter J., Catharine, Mrs. Anna 
Sauerbeer, Clara, Jacob, Lizzie and Lena, 
all of whom, with the exception of 
Peter J., reside in Wayland. 

During the early '6o's, a saw mill 
owned by Warner and Drake of Cohoc- 


ton, and managed by Horace Avery, 
son-in-law of Chauncey Aveiy, was set 
up and run for several years near where 
the house of James E. Showers stands. 
It was destroyed by fire. 

Cyrus Newell moved from his early 
home in Sodus to Avoca in 1865, and 
two years later came to Wayland, where 
he kept a shoe store in the building 
afterward purchased by George Nold, 
on the site now occupied by him. In 
1869 he built the tanneiy — the building 


and at almost four-score years of age is 
yet active. 

The Wayland House continued under 
the proprietorship of Davis and Josiah 
Gray until 1 862, when the former retired 
to a farm in Springwater, where he 
lived about two years, and then returned 
to the village, taking up his residence 
on Main street just north of Fremont 
street. Davis Gray died in 1877, leav- 
ing his wife, who died in 1 899, and one 
daughter, Miss Celestia Gray. Josiah 

Cor. Main and Naples Streets. 

now known as the Robinson tenement, 
or "bee hive" — on Wayland street, and 
conducted a business of tanning sole 
leather almost to the time of his remo- 
val from town in 1886. His daughters, 
Mrs. Phoebe A. Neill and Mrs. Susie E. 
Belman, have recently returned to Way- 
land after a number of years' absence, 
and his son, H. Boyington Newell, pro- 
prieter of the Union Advertiser, has 
been a continuous resident. Mr. New- 
ell is now keeping a store ■ in Wallace, 

Gray continued in the hotel until 1879, 
after which he rented it, first to Richard 
Case, and then to I. W. Tabor, and in 
1882, sold it to Walter Biyant. Mr. 
Gray married Maiy R. Moore, daugh- 
ter of Chauncey Moore, in i860. She 
died in 1873, leaving one daughter, Mrs. 
Lola Gray Jervis. Mr. Gray died in 
1893. He was village trustee for four 
years. Adam Pfaff kept the Farmers' 
Hotel, then recently built, and is now 
called the St. James — which has since 



been known as the Pfaff House from 
1866 to 1886. Under his management 
it became famous for the dancing par- 
ties given in the large hall on the upper 
floor. Mr. Pfaff was born in Dansville 
in 1838, and married Barbara Bartz in 
1856. Their children being, Mrs. 
Louise Mehlenbacher, of Wayland 
Mrs. Rose Taylor, of Wilkesbarre, Pa. 
Mary, of Wayland ; Amelia, deceased 
and Frank G., of Wilkesbarre, Pa. Mr. 
Pfaff died in 1886, after being for a long 
time an invalid. 

The Eagle Hotel that stood about on 
the site of the Weinhart Opera house, 
was conducted by Nicholas Zimmerman. 
He had emigrated from Germany to 
Dansville in 1848, and from thence to 
Perkinsville, where he became teacher 
of the Parochial school in 1851. Later 
he moved to Wayland village and built 
the Farmers' hotel, which he kept for a 
time before opening his hotel on West 
Naples street. Mr. Zimmerman was a 
man of liberal education, having grad- 
uated from the Trevis (Germany) Uni- 
versity, and he was an invaluable aid to 
his compatriots in their business dealings 
with the fatherland. 

He was elected justice of the peace in 
1858, which office he held almost con- 
tinuously until his death in 1875. He 
also served five terms as town clerk, 
holding the two offices concurrently 
part of the time. His wife was Ann 
Hoffman, of Perkinsville, now living in 
this village relict of her second husband, 
George Davis. They had four sons, 
Nicholas, deceased ; C. Nicholas, of 
Buffalo ; Peter H., of Wayland, and 
Emanuel, deceased. 

Christian Klein succeeded Henry 
Rowe in the Wayland House in 1 869. 
Mr. Klein was but one year old when 

his parents came from Germany and 
settled in Perkinsville, where he grew to 
young manhood. After several years 
spent in the West, he settled in Roch- 
ester, and returned to Wayland to engage 
in the hotel business, in which he was 
interested for so many years. Having 
become extensively interested in village 
real estate, he retired from the manage- 
ment of the hotel in 1882, and has since 
devoted himself entirely to this line of 
speculation. He was married in 1871 
Marian Rauber of Perkinsville. They 
have five children, Edward P. Klein, for 
a number of years clothing merchant in 
this village, now in the same business 
in Salamanca, Minnie, Caroline, Eliza- 
beth and William. 

Hamilton S. Rosenkrans became 
prominent in town affairs during this de- 
cade. He was born in Hammondsport 
in 1833, three years before his father, 
Levi Rosenkrans, moved to Wayland, 
and had grown to manhood within the 
village limits. He was elected justice of 
the peace in 1862, 1866, 1876, 1881, 
1891, 1892, and 1896; town clerk in 
1867; supervisor in 1884, 1885 and 
1893 ; President of the village in 1877 
— the first election, — and in 1878; 
trustee from 1887 to 1891, and again in 
1893, and was repeatedly chosen school 
trustee and to other town offices. In 
1862 he married Helen M. Davis, of 
Cohocton. They had six children, 
Maynard H., Luzerne D., deceased, 
Merton J., Lee Verne, Mrs. Jennie J. 
Goodno, and Mrs. Hattie McKay, all of 
Wayland. He died in 1897. 

Henry L. Moora was Wayland's first 
barber, starting his shop in 1 869. Mr. 
Mcora was born in Germany, and had 
lived in this country about three years 
when the war broke out. Under Presi- 



dent Lincoln's first call for 7S,ooo men, 
he enlisted at Bath, and is to-day prob- 
ably the oldest among the living vete- 
rans of Steuben in the date of his ser- 
vice. Re-enlisting immediately on his 
first discharge, he served throughout 
the war, and then came to Wayland, 
which has since been his home. For 
some time he had charge of the Erie's 
large wood-yard at this place, and then 
started the barber business, which he 
continued until recer.tlv. Mr. Moora 

come from Springwater to live in this 
town. On his return he made this vil- 
lage his permanent home. He was an 
earnest advocate of the principles of the 
Greenback party at the time of its great- 
est popularity, and was regarded by the 
townspeople as an especially good speak- 
er. He died in 1879, leaving his wife, 
who died in 1898, and five children, of 
whom Mrs. Addie Barts, Murray M. 
Totten and Frederick Totten are Way- 
land residents. 


"'~u^*.^a!:i;»'iiSii..s^-tft-5 'V 

No. 4 Lackawanna Ave. 

has served efficiently as constable for Of others who were on the Wayland 
many years, and has been an active business directory at this period were, 
member of several local organizations. Frank Gilmore, tailor ; Walling Coyken- 
His wife was Mary Lenhart. Their dall, butcher ; Angus Ferguson, black- 
daughter, Mrs. Minnie Weinhart is de- smith ; John G. Beck, grocer ; H. R. 
ceased, and their son, Harry L.,is a res- Finch and later Luke Densmore, in the 
ident of the village. hotel recently owned by the late Edwin 
William M. Totten moved his family Tyler ; Thomas Mather, R. A. Chad- 
to Wayland from Lima when he joined wick, M. A. Beeman and James L, 
the army, that his wife might be near Thayer, carpenters ; Nicholas Sieb and 
her friends, she being a member of the Sarsing Salinger, wagon makers ; Mr. 
Morley family, so many of whom had King and Mr. McCrossen, general mer- 



chandise ; Peter Bartz, funeral conduc- 
tor, his advertisement reading, "Under- 
taking promptly attented to, and a good 
hearse furnished when desired." Dr. 
H. O. Fay and Drs. Warren and Cam- 
eron Patchin were the physicians of the 

Among the citizens of the period who 
should also be mentioned are Matthias 
Albright, Nicholas Bauer.Darius Barnum, 
Albert D. Curtis, Wesley Doughty, F. 
Ernst Gross, Gideon S. Granger, Daniel 

themselves the "Invincibles," and boast- 
ed with the Duke of Wellington, that 
they never lost a battle. Speak to one 
of the survivors on the subject, and his 
fingers pass through his whitening locks, 
as the light of former glory illumes his 
furrowed face and kindles the fire in his 
eye, and he tells of valorous deeds ac- 
complished before this degenerate day. 
The struggle that seems to have been 
particularly memorable was that on the 
field at Scottsburg, when the united 


No. 15 E. Naples Street. 

Andrew Milliman, John chieftans of the compatriots of Douglass 

and of Bruce were defeated. The score 
was 65 to 67, and "Wilbur Capron 
made fourteen runs without an out." 
The club consisted of the following can- 
didates for the Hall of Fame : Wilbur 
W. Capron, captain, Charles Drahmer, 
Andrew Milliman, George Young, George 
W. Parsons, George Peck, Albert Par- 
sons, Harvey Glover, Dwight Glover 
and Patrick Collar. 

F. Kimball, 

Richard, Benjamin Schumacher, Andrew 

Totten, John J. Wolff, John Weed, Rev. 

A. J. Welton, George Young, Lafayette 

Young, and Miss Electa Patchin, who 

for a number of years taught a private 


No account of this period would be 
in any degree complete without mention 
of the famous ball club that marched 
"from victory unto victory" during the 
seasons of '68 and '69. They called 




FROM 1870 TO 1900. 

Since 1870 there have been many 
changes in the business personnel of the 
village. It is, in fact, impossible to find 
any one resident m the village during 
this period who is able to mention all 
those who have been engaged in trade 
here during the past thirty years. The 
following paragraphs, while making as 
complete a mention as practicable, spec- 
iahze merely those, who from long resi- 
dence or prominence seem to be partic- 
ularly identified with the growth and 
prosperity of the village. 

The Rice stock in the old John Hess 
store was purchased by Isaac W. Secor 
in 1871. Mr. Secor was a son of Jos- 
eph Secor, and began his career as a 
clerk in his father's store, afterward 
serving in the same capacity for S. P. 
Hess. In 1 866 he went to North Co- 
hocton, where he engaged in business 
for the next five years, during which 
time he married Frances Wetmore of 
that village. Returning to Wayland he 
occupied the old corner stand until 1883, 
when the Morley and Secor co-partner- 
ship was formed, and he moved to the 
corner of Main and Fremont streets. 
Here he remained about one year after 
purchasing the Morley interest in the 
stock, in 1885, when he removed to the 
Patchin block that had recently been 
completed. In 1895 he sold to John I. 
Sterner and retired from business. He 
was already in the grasp of the disease 
to which he succumbed in 1898. Mr. 
Secor served two terms as deputy sher- 
iff, and was at one time a prominent 
candidate for the office of sheriff He 

was also president of the village in 1892, 
and president of the school board for 
several years. His wife and one son, 
Clare W., survive him, and now reside. 
in Guthrie, Okla. 

O. M. Haskin opened a dry goods 
and grocery store on the south corner 
of Main and Fremont streets in 1882. 
moving to the Bryant building . on its 
completion in 1884. This store was 
occupied by Allen, Whitlock & Jervis, 
and byC. M. Jervis, from 1885 to 1892, 
who sold to Sterner S: Gottschall that 

John I. Sterner came from Dansville 
where he had served a long apprentice- 
ship in one of the leading stores, and 
Christian Gottschall was one of Way- 
land's most substantial farmers who, by 
this venture, made a business opening 
for his son WiUiam, who died in 1 892, 
and was succeeded by his brother, H. 
Alonzo. Mr. Gottschah purchased the 
entire business in 1895, which has since 
been conducted under the firm name of 
C. Gottschall & Son. Mr. Sterner 
bought the Secor stock at this time. 

During the '7C's H. B. Rice in com- 
pany with Nicholas W. Schubmehl, pur- 
chased and wound up a general store 
business started by Melvin Roberts of 
Scottsburg, and in which Orvilla Pay 
and Mrs. James Redmond had become 

Aaron Mattice and Son, moving here 
from Avoca, started a general store in 
1898, and continued in business until 

Morley, Carpenter & Co., began bus- 
iness in 1900, assuming the dry goods 
portion of A. L. Morley's business. The 
firm consists of Ray L. Morley, L. D. 
Carpenter, son of Edwin A. Carpenter, 



who recently moved to Wayland from 
Springwater, and A. L. Morley. 

Aside from the grocery departments 
in the general stores, Charles C. Tinker 
kept a stock in the building that he sold 
after twenty years proprietorship to 
William H. Deitzel in 1890. He also 
acted as undertaker, and has officiated 
in that capacity on over 600 occasions. 
He was the first village clerk, and held 
that position from 1877 to 1884, and 

ber one indicates that it was the first 
dray to be run in Wayland, and that it 
was drawn by one horse. Six years 
later he invested his profits in a stock of 
groceries, the teaming business descend- 
ing to his brother, Conrad H. In 1883, 
he moved on a farm, where he remained 
for several year.=;, Conrad succeeding 
him in the grocery, and his younger 
brother, John L., assuming the seat on 
the dray. Returning to Wayland, Jos- 

from 1888 to 1891. William H. Deitzel eph F. purchased another grocery line. 

Nos. 26-28 N. Main Street. 

was almost Wayland born, his early which, in 1890, was consolidated with 

home being just across the Springwater that of Conrad's, under the firm name 

line. He began business equipped with of Weinhart Brothers. In 1891 they 

a good education that had been com- g^arted and have since conducted the 

pleted at the Rochester Business Uni- ^^-^^-^^^ ^^^^^ of the town, with street- 
versity. He has served as village i„kii„g,omnibus lines and oil delivery 

treasurer in 1890 and 1891, trustee in / , ^- „ j- <. 

, , . for the Vacuum Company as adjuncts. 

1896 and 1897, and as village clerk in _ , , j ., „ , .■ 

„ „ , „ n,r -n, -i. I r .-^ They have purchased the roller skating 

1898 and 1899. Mrs. Deitzel was Cora ^ > f *= 

c -.u T-u u^ .,^ -^r. rink and refitted it into an attractive 
Smith. They have one son. 

Joseph F. Weinhart began business opera house, and have bought parcels of 

in 1873, driving dray No. i. The num- real-estate about the village, now own- 

ing a number of dwellings and two bus- 
iness blocks on Main street. 

Frank K. Smith began his grocery 
business in 1882. His capital was a 
small amount of cash and an unlimited 
amount of industry. In a short time he 
outgrew his narrow quarters in the 
"lightning splitter," and after several 
moves located at No. 5 Main street, in 
one of the largest stores in town. He 
was elected village trustee in 1892, 
treasurer in 1894 and 1895, and presi- 
dent in 1896 and '97. 

In 1874 WiUiam F. and Valentine, 
Jr., Kausch began in the tobacco -busi- 
ness and the manufacture of cigars. 
Afterward they branched into groceries, 
the factory being conducted separately 
by Charles Simon, who had for a time 
been connected with them, and who 
later moved the industry to Dansville. 
About, 1 89 1 they became interested in 
undertaking, and after several changes 
in partners, became the sole proprietors 
in this business. 

Grant S. Davis and his brother, Ed- 
win N. Davis, came to Wayland from 
Livonia in 1891, and bought the drug 
business which they conducted in the 
Patchin block until 1895. E. N. Davis 
then built the store next to the Fire- 
men's building, and started the grocery, 
the business soon becoming Davis Bros., 
and then Grant S. Davis, and which has 
since been run by him. 

Adams & Co., V. Hoffman, Peck & 
Stannarius, Frank Doughty, George 
Folts, Jacob John, Glen D. Abrams, 
Joseph Munding, Mr. Moore, W. H. 
Bill, John Mehlenbacher, Austin Salter, 
Conrad & Hoffman, Conrad & Smith, 
and Frank Fox are others who, at times 
during the past thirty years, have been 
purveyors to the Wayland public. The 


hardware business passed from Charles 
E. Field to H. W. Garnsey and his 
father-in-law, Mr. Curtis, in 1870, 
thence in 188 1 to Kimmel, Morris & 
Co., and in 1889 to Kimmel & Son. 
Schwingle & Fess kept a hardware stock 
for several years from about 1875, and 
George E. Whiteman & Co., from 1893 
to 1898. Charles Snyder started his 
business in 1898. 

Butler M. Morris, so long associated 
with Martin Kimmel in different lines 
of business, was one of the men to 
whom Wayland owes much, not alone 
for sagacious enterprise, but also for 
equally wise conservatism. Mr. Morris 
came to Wayland from Springwater in 
1873, and became the proprietor of the 
saw-mill now owned by Shaffer & Wolff. 
He soon entered into partnership with 
Martin Kimmel, who owned the mill at 
the foot of Main street. The two mills 
were operated for a time, and then the 
Kimmel mill was abandoned. Mr. 
Morris established his son, Julian A. 
Morris in the hardware, and later trans- 
ferred his entire interest in that business 
to him. In 1883 he traded his village 
property with Walter Bryant for a large 
farm in Springwater, and moved from 
town. Hs was village president in 1 879 
and 1880. He died in 1895. 

Julian A. Morris continued in the 
hardware business until 1887, when in 
company with his uncle, John J. Morris, 
the Morris & Morris private bank was 
opened. In 1896 he retired from the 
bank, remaining in the insurance busi- 
ness, which had been started several 
years previously, and which he now 
conducts. He was the president of the 
village in 1890. 

George E. Whiteman is a son of 
Edward Whiteman, a farmer and lum- 

berman who early settled in the north- 
western part of the town, where he 
acquired about 700 acres of land. 
George was the seventh in a family cf 
nine children, and was educated in the 
public schools of Wayland, and at the 
Dansville Seminary. Following in the 
footsteps of his father, he became en- 
gaged in farming and lumbering. When 
but little past the voting age he was 
chosen town assessor, which office he 
held for six years, and was supervisor in 

N. Y. 


Wilhan H. Green. was born and edu- 
cated in South Dansville, coming to 
Wayland in 1880, where in partnership 
with his brother he managed the Pat- 
chinsville flouring mill. After the death 
of his brother, he came to the village, 
in 1885, and that year received his com- 
mission as postmaster, holding the office 
four years. His father's death recalled 
him for several years to the homestead, 
farm, which he managed in the interest 
of the estate. Returning to Wayland 

1881, '82 and '83 
he was chosen to I'epresent the first 
Steuben district in the state assembly, 
and was re-elected in 1884. Mr. 
Whiteman moved to the village in 1 892, 
and in partnership with William H. 
Green, engaged in the hardware busi- 
ness, which they conducted until 1898. 
Since becoming a resident of the village 
he has served as trustee in 1897, and 
president in 1894, '95 '98, and is the 
present incumbent of that office. 

No. 3i Lackawanna Ave. 

In the latter year he was in the hardware business for the 

five years ending in 1898. He has 
always been more or less interested in 
the produce business. Mr. Green was 
justice of the peace 1885-89, and was 
elected supervisor in 1898 and 1900. 

John W. Doughty, after serving a 
clerkship in the Morehouse drugstore, 
went into business independently in 
1873, and continued it until his death 
in 1885. His wife carried on the busi- 
ness to about 1890 when she sold 


the stock to F, 


"shoes only" store has been that of 
George Nold. Mr. Nold emigrated from 
Germany to Perkinsville in 1868, when 
but eighteen years of age. Here for four 
years he worked with John Ritz at shoe- 
making, a trade he had partially ac- 
quired in the "old country," and in 
1872 he came to Wayland and opened 
a store for himself In 1883 he was 
burned out, but immediately rebuilt, 

L. Langdon, who soon 
after closed it out. 

Dr. Wright, George H. Cheseboro, 
Davis Bros., Guile & Snyder and Sny- 
der & Patchin have been the successors 
in the Patchin block drugstore. The 
present firm consists of Martin W. Sny- 
der, who came to Wayland in 1895, 
forming a partnership with Wesley R. 
Guile, who retired the following year, 
and Bert C. Patchin, .=on of Dr. Cameron 
Patchin, who entered +he business at village. He was town clerk in 1884 

erecting the first brick building in the 

Cor. W. Naples and 

that time. Mr. Snyder was village 
president in 1 899. 

The Steuben Drug Co. was organized 
in 1895, and began business in Perkins- 
ville. Dr. George M. Peabody, Frank 
Peabody and F. W. Schwingle were the 
members of the firm. The following 
year the business was moved to Way- 
land, and in 1897 Mr. Schwingle retired. 

The shoe stocks have been found in 
the general stores, and, except Mr. 
Zeilbeer, before mentioned, the only 

Hamilton Streets, 

and 1885, and has been chosen to that 
office each election since 1893. He 
has also served for a number of years aS 
school trustee, and has been the pre.*;!- 
dent of the Dime Savings and Loan 
Ajsociation since its organization in 1888. 
Earnest Knauer has carried on a shoe 
repair shop independently of the stores 
for a number of years, and has served 
as village trustee since 1 899, and also 
acted as federal census enumerator of 
the village district in 1900. 

The furniture and undertaking busi- 
ness has passed through many proprie- 
tors. Peter Bartz was followed in this 
hne by Lester Baker,, Charles C. Tinker, 
and about 1876, J. B. Shurbin. Eu- 
gene S. Arnold came from Avoca in 
1879 and opened a cabinet shop to 
which he added a stock of furniture and 
an undertaking business. He was 
burned out in '83, but started again, 
and two years ; later sold to John A. 
Rosenkrans, who was succeeded by 
Rauber & Deitzel. John A. Rosenkrans, 
the younger s6n of Levi Rosenkrans, 
has always lived in this town. In his 
early manhood he made a specialty of 
real estate speculation, and afterward 
was interested in a livery and exchange 
business. He continued the furniture 
and undertaking business for about 
twelve years. 

Jacob N. Rauber was born in the 
town of Wayland, and came to the vil- 
lage in 1887, as proprietor of the New 
Wayland Hotel, which he ran for three 
years. In 1 890 he purchased the Ira 
W. Chase property on Naples street 
and erected a hotel that he has since 
conducted. He has also been interested 
in a bottling business for several years. 
In 1896 he purchased an interest in the 
furniture business. Jacob F. Deitzel, 
though a life-long resident of this 
neighborhood, has always retained his 
home just over the Springwater line on 
the homestead farm. In 1897 he pur- 
chased a part interest in the furniture 
store and became identified with 

A. J. Pardee opened his jewelry store 
in 1 87 1 and has continued his business 
at one stand longer than any other 
Wayland merchant. James M. Pursel, 
though claiming Wayland as his home 

N. Y. loi 

since about 1840, actually began busi- 
ness in the village in 1880, and must 
thus be classed with the boys. 

In the clothing trade the names that 
appear promineiitly are John Gilmore, 
Fred Smith, Quick Bros., Aaron Gross, 
David Berman, Edward P. Klein, Mor- 
ris Wolf, Cohn & Friedman and Rauber 
& Vogt. The last named firm is formed 
of Charles J. Rauber, son of Nicholas 
Rauber, and George Vogt, son of John 
Vogt, one of our most substantial farm- 
ers. Their business was started in De- 
cember 1899, and being both Wayland 
boys it is to be expected that they will 
make history for the next writer of 
Wayland affairs. David Cohn, the resi- 
dent member of the firm of Cohn & 
Friedman, is an erstwhile Waylander, 
and returned in 1900. M. J. Karrigan 
and L. A. Schwan are tailors of less 
Bohemian instinct than others of the 
trade, and have both been residents of 
the village for a number of years. 

Among the blacksmiths, Harris Cur- 
tis, William S. Kellogg, Samuel Over- 
peck and B. J. Scott continue into this 
period from the one previous. Frank 
Kester came to the village in 1878. 
Educated to his trade in his father's 
shop in Patchinsville, and with exper- 
ience gained in Dansville and elsewhere, 
he came fully equipped for the markpd 
success he has attained. His present 
partner, Andrew C. Shaver, is also a 
"second generation" blacksmith, receiv- 
his trade education at his father's forge. 
He came to the village from East Way- 
land in 1894. Israel White, Dan Ma- 
gee, William Drum, Harvey Teed and 
Samuel Hurzeler belong to the past few 
years. Stanley Dean located in the 
Wayland street shop, and then moved 
to the Overpeck building on Main 



street, where the walls seem 
the bacilli of success. 

In the carriage building trade the 
names of Nicholas Sieb and Sarsing 
Salinger are preserved from the preced- 
ing decade, and there are added, Chas. 
F. Hann, who came to the vill''ge in 
1869, and worked in the shop of Nich- 
olas Sieb for four years, then forming a 
partnership with B. J. Scott. He has 
recently conducted his business inde- 
pendently. Mr. Hann was village treas- 
urer in 1879 and 1880, and trustee in 
1881-82. John M. Ryder, whose father 
had left Wayland and removed to Mich- 
igan, returned to the east in 1877, and 
settled at Reeds Corners, where he 
learned his trade. Coming to Wayland 
in 1882 he formed a partnership with 
Frank Kester, which lasted until 1895, 
since which time he has been alone in 
his business. 


alive with Fred Kusterer, Peck & Stannarius, 

Peter Deitch, Leopold Geible, Richard 
Roth, Henry Bosold, Frank J. Raufen- 
barth, Peter J. kov/e. Jay K. Weidman 
and Collins C. Campbell are prominent 
among the butchers of the past. Geo. 
Fox, who started his business in 1893, 
and Valentine Hemmer, in 1898, are 
the present representatives in this line 
of trade. 

The Joel May harness shop was trans- 
ferred to the proprietorship of Edwin 
Goodno in 1884. Mr. Goodno came 
from Dansville, where he had been in 
business for a number of years, and 
became one of Wayland's most estima- 
ble citizens. He died in 1898. C. M. 
Swartout followed in this business and 
continued until the present year, when 
he was succeeded by Mattice & Son. 

The tonsorial art that was instituted 
in the village by Henry L. Moora, sur- 




Fremont Street, 

vives under the management of Glen D. 
Abrams, a son of Thomas Abrams of 
earlier date. He has taken increasing 
pride in the equipment of his shop dur- 
ing the dozen years of its existence, 
until it has become one of the boasts of 
the town. Mr. Abrams also runs a bil- 
liard room, which all thinking citizens 
recognize has had a powerful influence 
or good on the rising generation, afford- 
ing, as it does, a place for harmless 
amusement without the usual depraving 
accessories, it being conducted on the 
lines that modern churches are follow- 
ing in instituting such gaming rooms 
for the recreation of young men. Chas. 
Henchen settled in Wayland, and was 
for a considerable time connected with 
the Abrams shop. In 1900 he opened 

a handsome place of his own in the 
bank building. 

A period of thirty years shows com- 
paratively few changes in the manufac- 
turers of lumber. Thomas M. Fowler 
continued for a time proprietor of the 
old mill, and his son, Everett M. Fow- 
ler, was in charge of the sash and door 
department. E. M. Fowler later con- 
ducted a flour and feed business, and then 
became the manager of the Perkinsville 
flouring mill. He died suddenly in 
1894, in the very prime of life. Butler 
M. Morris, and then Kimmel & Morris 
followed in the ownership of this mill. 
The sash and door manufactory being 
purchased by George C. Deitzel, (1847- 
1898) in 187s, which he operated until 
the time of his death. Joseph E. Kim- 


mel represented his father's interest in 

the mill for several years before its sale. 

Jacob Shaffer was born on a Sandy- 
Hill farm and began life in the manner 
usual with country lads. Choosing car- 
penter work for his life calling, he served 
his apprenticeship and came to Wayland 
in search of a field of operations. An- 
thon Wolff was born on the farther side 
of the ocean, and was brought to this 
country by his parents, his father find- 
ing employment on the Erie railroad at 
this place. After receiving as good an 
education as the town afforded, he be- 
came a stationary engineer, doing ser- 
vice in Baltimore and elsewhere, and 
then returning to Wayland where he 
had charge of the engine in the mill. 
In 1884 these two purchased the mill 
of Kimmel & Morris, and it has since 
been operated under the firm name of 
Shaffer & Wolff They have also pur- 
chased the sash and door department 
that had been run separately by Mr. 
Deitzel. In company with John Kim- 
mel they built the electric lighting plant 
in 1896, which is run under the name 
of Shaffer, Wolff & Co. 

During the '70's, James G, Bennett 
rented a portion of the old tanneiy 
building and equipped it with machin- 
ery for sawing lath and shingles. The 
plant was afterward moved to its pres- 
ent location, and operated by Mr. Ben- 
nett and his brother, Guy B. Bennett, 
who later became the sole owner, and 
after his death in 1888, it was sold to 
W. Fred Kiel, who has recently refitted 
it throughout with new machinery. 

Branch, Granger & Branch began 
business with a very complete equip- 
ment of modern machinery for the man- 
ufacture of lumber in 1900. The firm 
became Branch & Son the following 


year by the retirement of Mark L. 
Granger. Clarence G. Branch is the 
resident manager. 

W. D. Willcox & Co., built their 
flouring mill in 1900.. Mi-. Willcox had 
been manager of the Perkinsville mill 
for some time previously, and Charles 
J. Coxe, his partner, came to Wayland 
from Rochester. 

The Vacuum Oil Company, refiners 
'of petroleum oils, of Rochester, built 
a distributing station in this- village in 
1896, and established a supply system, 
which delivers their product to their 
trade in their neighboring towns. 

W. H. Folts, Newton Snader, and 
Abram Fidler organized the Steuben 
Cigar Company in 1899, which has 
proven a notable addition to the indus- 
tries of the town, and offers the pros- 
pect of material growth in the near 
future. These gentlemen are from 
Pennsylvania, and their personal indus- 
try and enterprise have been a valuable 
acquisition to the business community. 

The machinists of the village have 
included Guy B. Bennett, a son of 
Chauncey Bennett, who learned the 
trade of gunsmith when every well reg- 
ulated household was supplied with a 
gun, and before the concentration of 
their manufacture in the great arsenals. 
He was a natural mechanic, and his 
work bore evidence to the exact care- 
fulness of a man of skill. Returning 
to Wayland after five years spent in 
Michigan, he became interested in the 
shingle mill, which afterward ''passed to 
his sole ownership, and of which he was 
proprietor at the time of his death. Mr. 
Bennett was never a politician, but was 
chosen one of the first board of village 
trustees, and served in 1877, '78 and: 
'79. His first wife died, leaving two 

History. OF WAVlAnid, N. V. 


sons, Albert G. Bennett, who was town 
clerk in 1899, and has been locomotive 
engineer on the Lackawanna and Pitts- 
burg railroad, and since the opening of 
the cement works, has had charge of 
their "pony" engine ; and Lawrence B. 
Bennett, who has been in the employ of 
the Lackawanna road for a number 
of years, and now holds the position of 
billing clerk at the Wayland station. 
Frank L. Bennett, a son of the second 
Mrs. Bennett is a book-keeper in El- 

Nathan Olney came to Wayland from 
Naples in 1871, and opened a shop for 
general machine work. He died four 
years later, bequeathing his shop and 
his mechanical skill to his son, Lee B. 
Olney, who has continued the business 
to the present time. 

George G. Lewis, the builder and 
first manager of the foundry, and his 
successor, John F. Kiel, have conducted 
that establishment since 1895. 

t Mo. 6 N. Scott Street. 




1870 TO 1900 CONTINUED. 

The first steam laundry was equip- 
ped in 1 894 by ■ Harry S. Peters, and 
its establishment retained in the village 
a large amount of work that had prev- 
iously been sent to other places. Mr. 
Peters is a descendant of one of the 
early families of this locality. 

Merritt F. Baker has represented the 
Singer Sewing Machine Co. for many 
years. Philip N. Conrad, since his re- 
tirement froni the grocery trade, has 
been a sewing machine agent. He was 
village collector in 1898. 

Siegle B. Dudley is a son of one of 
Wayland's older farmers. He started 
the feed mill on Wayland street in 1894. 
which was the beginning of the grinding 
business in the village. When the Will- 
cox mill was opened he became con- 
nected with that concern, and has since 
established a retail business. He was 
elected village trustee in 1897, and jus- 
tice of the peace in 1898. 

The bakery business has been ephe- 
meral. Many times there has been a 
start made in this direction, but without 
continued success until the advent of 
W. A. Parsons, who came to the village 
in 1897. 

The news bu.siness is now firmly es- 
tablished under the management of F. 
S. Sturm as successor to Sturm & Un- 
behend, who began in this line in 1898. 
Prior to this it had a fickle existence. 

Coal has generally been sold by the 
railroad companies or by the produce 
dealers. Lewie R. Scott was engaged 
in the business for a time, and John C. 
Magee has made it a permanent sepa- 
rate line of trade. 

Andrew Redsicker, representirig the 
Drakeford Co. of Hornellsville, has 
given Wayland the advantage of a local 
monument business since 1895. 

Wayland has always been provided 
with milliners, those at present in that 
business being. Miss Josephine LaFay- 
ette, Mrs. Henry J. Loveland, the Mis- 
ses Conrad and Mrs. Austin H. Salter. 

Mark L. Granger is the pioneer of 
professional architects in the town, hav- 
ing established an office for practical 
work in this line in 1900. 

Photography has been practiced here 
by a number of different artists at var- 
ious times. The present gallery con- 
ducted by E. D. Parsons, successor to 
Davis & Parsons, and to A. L. White, is 
the first to become firmly established. 

The liverymen for the past three de- 
cades would make a long roll. Among 
the principal stable owners appear, John 
A. Rosenkrans, Henry J. Loveland, 
Walter Bryant, William Mead, James 
M. Moss, W. A. Robinson, Weinhart 
Bros, and John Avery. The latter has 
been in livery business at several differ- 
ent times, and now runs the Bryant 
House stable. He was born on the 
Avery homestead just south of the vil- 
lage, and has always been identified 
with Wayland. 

The Erie station is under the manage- 
ment of Daniel Tierney, who was ap- 
pointed, station agent in 1885. He held 
the office of village trustee in 1891 and 
'92. U. H. Steinhart has been tele- 
graph operator and ticket agent for a 
number of years, and he has also be- 
come interested in real estate about the 
village, and does some brokerage busi- 
ness in this line. At the Lackawanna! 
station, R. C. Neill holds the position 
of agent, having served in the same 




capacity at the Erie from 187c to 1885, 
at which time he accepted his present 
position. Mr. Neill has long been 
promir.ent in village affairs and was 
trustee in 1879-80 and 1885-86. Law- 
rence Bennett is the billing clerk at 
this station, and George W. Sands 

Among the landlords of the Bryant 
House during this period have been, 
Josiah Gray, Richard Ca?e, I. W. Tabor, 
Colonel J. Bryant, Frank Bailey, Horace 
Tibbils, Walter Bryant, N. J. Kohnen, 
Otto F. Lieder, Peter J. Rowe, and 
again Otto F. Lieder. Mr. Lieder was 
born in Berlin, Germany, in 1859, and 
came to America with his father's fam- 
ily in 1 87 1. He has been in the hotel 
business from the beginning of his 
career, and was proprietor of the Bryant 
House from 1888 to 1892, when he re- 
moved to Cohocton, where he con- 

ducted the Warner. House for three 
years. Returning to Wayknd in 1895, 
he purchased .the hotel property, to 
which he has since made important ad- 
ditions and continued improvements. 

Adam Pfaff; Frank Wolff, H. M. Un- 
derham, Shepard Rowell, Leopold Ge'- 
ble and Nicholas Last have been the 
principal managers of what is now called 
the St. James hotel. Mr. Last, the pres- 
ent proprietor, was a Perkinsville boy, 
and years ago went to New York city, 
and later to Pittsburg, Pa., from whence 
he has returned to Wayland. 

Frank Engel conducted a saloon on 
the site where his hotel stands, which 
was destroyed by fire in 1893. He 
immediately erected the hotel building, 
of which he has been the only pro- 

Alexander Engel purchased of George 
Folts the site for his hotel building. 


which was erected soon aftei* the fire of 
1893. After running the hotel himself 
for a time, he has leased it to tenants dur- 
ing the past few years, among whom 
are Charles Kellogg and the present 
proprietor, Albert S. Locke. 

The New Wayland House, since 
Christian Klein retired from its manage- 
ment, has been successively under the 
control of Frank Redmond, Nicholas 
Schu, Jr., Jacob N. Rauber, Nelson 
Gibbs, William Holmes, N. J. Kohnen, 

N. Y. 

hostlery bearing his name, is more fully 
mentioned in his connection with the 
furniture trade. 

William Holmes, after being burned 
out in the Klein hotel, built the Holmes 
Hotel at the Lackawanna station, which 
he has conducted since 1894. 

Albert Sauerbier, Myi'on Yorks, 
Jacob John, Nicholas Rauber, Henry 
Schley, George J. Held, James E. 
Young, Willian H. Bill, Douglas Lerch, 
Mr. Sweeney, Longfellow & Campbell, 

•~ . Cor. Main and 

Thomas Kramer and M. M. Mangan, 
the present proprietor. 

In 1890, Nicholas Schu, Jr., returned 
from Rochester, where he had conduct- 
ed a hotel for the three years preced- 
ing, and purchased the corner site on 
which he built the Commercial House. 
He has been the sole proprietor of the 
hotel since its opening. Mr. Schu has 
been village clerk from 1884 to 1887, 
and since 1900. 

J^cob N, Rauber, proprietor of the 

Naples Sircets. 

and Edwin Tyler have been the princi- 
pal saloon proprietors. 

George J. Mattes is manager of the 
Wayland Bi^ttling Works, established in 

The produce dealers of the past thirty 
years have included Capron & Fowler, 
in which firm Charles H. Fowler suc- 
ceeded his father. He removed to Jer- 
sey city in 1882, where he has since 
become the secretar)^ of the New York 
& New Jersey Produce Co., which con- 


cern is a combination of the leading 
dealers at the New York end of the 
line. Wiley W. Capron is the present 
successor of the Wayland house. He 
is a native of Wayland, and received 
his education in the local school and at 
Genesee Wesleyan Seminaiy, Lima, and 
the Military Academy at Aurora, N. Y. 
He has been active in village affairs, 
serving as trustee in 1895-96. 

Hatch & Pierce, Hatch & Hoxter, H. 
W. Hatch & Co. are the changes that 
have evolved the present concern of 
Hatch, Otto & Co. Albert Bartholo- 
mew has been for a number of years 
the resident manager. H. G. Pierce 
has conducted his business individually 
since his dissolution of partnership with 
Mr. Hatch, and restricts his operations 
to his office at the Lackawanna station, 
John A. Bennett has for a number of 
years bought at both stations as the 
representative of Ferrin Bros., one of 
the most extensive concerns in the 
state. Mr. Bennett is the youngest son 
of Chauncey Bennett, and was born and 
has lived, until recently, on the home- 
stead farm just south of the village. For 
three years he served as town assessor, 
and was village trustee in 1898 and '99. 
His wife was AHda, daughter of Andrew 
A. Granger. 

B. J. Scott, without being a regular 
buyer, is in the market about every 
season, and W. H. Bill has for a number 
of years been a more or less active 

In hay and straw, James P. Clark, 
now of Cohocton, and for years prom- 
inent in Wayland, having been three 
times supervisor, was the pioneer, and 
was succeeded by his son-in-law, Orange 
McKay. M. L. Haner, Andrew A. 
Granger, M. H. Rosenkrans and Wesley 

R. Guile are, among others, the more 

Harrison G. Pierce is a son of one of 
the earlier settlers of the southern end 
of the town, and purchased his father- 
in-law's, Adin Parmenter's, farm at the 
Lackawanna crossing in 1878. In 
1882, he became interested in buying 
produce with Capron and Fowler, the 
following year forming a partnership 
with H. W. Hatch for one year, and 
since then conducting a business on his 
sole account. Mr. Pierce was married 
in 1861, and is the father of three chil- 
dren. Dr. E. Eudora, H. Gordon, a law- 
yer, and Adin G., in mercantile life, 
both of the latter in New York. 

The Wayland Dime Savings and 
Loan Association was organized in 1 888, 
and has been an instituion of incalcuable 
help to the town. The fact that a much 
larger proportion of the resident families 
own their homes in Wayland than is 
usual, being due to the beneficent aid 
and liberal management of this institu- 
tion. Its direction has been entirely 
local, and its assests aggregated,on Dec. 
31, 1900, ;^68,403.i8. George Nold 
has been the president of the board of 
directors, and Peter H. Zimmerman sec- 
retary since its incorporation. 

In 1887, the Morris and Morris pri- 
vate bank was opened, and filled a great 
need in the business of the town. The 
partners were John J. and Julian A. 
Morris, the latter withdrawing in 1896. 
John J. Morris is of the Springwater 
family of that name, and devoted his 
earher years to teaching, holding suc- 
cessively several important principal- 
ships. His reputation as a careful bus- 
iness man gave the public the confidence 
necessary to success in private banking. 
In 1899 this business was merged in 


the First National bank, of which Mr. 
Morris became cashier. 

The First National Bank of Wayland 
was organized in 1 899 with a capital 
stock of :^5d,000. The major part of 
the stock was subscribed by Gen. J. A. 
Hill, of Powell, Pa., father of Mrs. Wil- 
liam W. Clark, and it was through this 
investment that the bank was made pos- 
sible. Hon. W. W. Clark became pres- 
ident of the new institution, which has 
already contributed greatly to the con- 

N. Y. 

George W. Morehouse. Messrs. Fow- 
ler and Potter published the Wayland 
Enterprise for a short time during 1877. 
In 1885, Fred C. Dean began the pub- 
lication of the Wayland Review, which 
was merged with the Avoca Advance 
toward the completion of volume one. 
Mr. Dean started the Wayland Register 
in 1889, and sold it to W. G. Phippin 
in 1892, who was succeeded by Bert 
Goodno in 1893. Mr. Goodno is a son 
of the late Edwin Goodno, and was born 

venience aiid prosperity of the com- 
munity. By the Dec, 1900, report,the 
deposits are about ;^6 1,000, and the 
loans and discounts over ^73,000. 

There have been six local newspapers 
published in Wayland during this per- 
iod. The Union Advertiser was estab- 
lished in i873,by H. Boyington Newell, 
who continues as it publisher and editor. 
The Wayland Press began publication 


No. 8 S. Scott .-^trtet 

in Dansville, where, in youth he learned 
the printer' s trade. After working at 
the "case" in Avoca and Rochester he 
came to Wayland in the '8o's, and later 
purchased the Register. In 1889 he 
married Jennie J., daughter of H. S. 
Rosenkrans. The Wayland Advance 
began publication in 1900, H. J. Niles, 
of Springwater, being the proprietor. 
Wayland has had many dental offices 

in 1876, and suspended at the close of during the past few year.s, but compar- 
the third volume. Its proprietor was atively few resident dentists. In 1899 




Dr. B. J. Baker, came to Wayland, 
whither he soon brought a wife, and 
they have since been members of this 
community. Dr. Baker's diploma is 
from one of the country's most famous 
institutions. Dr. McPhee, of Dansville, 
maintains a branch office in this village. 
The- medical profession has contained 
the names of Doctors Warren and Cam- 
eron Patchin, Northrup N. St. John, 

Ell Bigelow, Henry A. Whitfield, 

Wright, George M. Peabody, Alva A. 
Piatt, George M. Skinner and James C. 

Dr. N. N. St. John practiced in this 
section for many years. Beginning in 
Springwater, he removed to Atlanta and 
then to Wayland, in 1874. He was a 
rugged character of the old school, and 
especially strong in diagnosis. Li pres- 
ent parlance he would be called a "fad- 
dist," and in earlier language, "opinion- 

ated." In certain directions he was 
wonderfully successful in practice. He 
was village trustee in 1877 and 1878, 
and president in 1881, '82, '84, '87, '91, 
and '93. He died in 1897. 

Dr. Ell Bigelow began the practice of 
medicine in Wayland in 1873. In 
character he was antithetical to Dr. St. 
John, beside whom he practiced for al- 
most a quarter of a century, being of 
genial disposition, with a dislike for pol- 
itics or discussion. The secret of his 
success was in the careful nursing of his 
patient. He died in 1899. 

Dr. George M. Peabody was born 
and received his early education in the 
town of Springwater. Here he also be- 
gan his study of medicine under the di- 
rection of Dr. Wooden. The first year 
of his college course he took at Balti- 
more, finishing at the University of Ver- 
mont, from which institution he receiv- 


HiStoRV OF wavland, n. v. 

Beginning his practice In the legal profession William W. 

ed his diploma, 
in Wayland,he remained here for a year 
and a half, and removed to the state of 
Georgia, where in addition to his pro- 
fession, he was interested in a drug 
store. In 1894 he returned to Way- 
land and has since been a resident of 
the village. He is connected with the 
Steuben Drug Co., and is serving his 
second year as village trustee. 

Dr. A. A. Piatt began the study of 
his profession with Dr. W. S. Purdy, of 
Corning, and then attended the Pulte 
Medical College of Cincinnati, from 
which he gratuated, and later took a 
post-graduate course at that institution. 
He has also an honoraiy degree from 
the Buffalo medical college. For a 
number of years he practiced in the 
Southern states, and, in 1889, came to 
Wayland from Atlanta where he had 
been for some time previous. 

Dr. G. M. Skinner also made his start 
in medicine under tuition of Dr. Wood- 
en of Springwater, and then matriculat- 
ed at the Baltimore college, where he 
remained for one year, transferring to 
Buffalo for the second year. Returning 
to Baltimore he took several special 
courses, and graduated from that insti- 
tution. He began his practice in Way- 
land in 1888. 

Dr. James Clough Dorr was born at 
Norridgewock, Maine, in 1868. Com- 
ing to Bath, this county, he was gradu- 
ated from the Haverling Academy in 
1893, and entered the Buffalo medical 
college from which he received his de- 
gree in 1896. During the last year of 
his college course he received the ap- 
pointment of Assistant Surgeon of the 
Erie County Penitentary Hospital. Af- 
ter his graduation he came to Wayland 
which has since been his home. 

Clark is, by length of residence and 
wide-spread fame, facile primus. After 
graduation from Hamilton College, he 
studied law, and in 1879 began his 
practice in this village. His careful at- 
tention to the interests of his clients,his 
uniform success in court, and his cour- 
teous and polished manner, have ac- 
quired for him an extended popularity. 
He was chosen district attorney for the 
county in 1892, and has twice succeed- 
ed himself though hitherto the office 
had been considered by law of custom 
a one-term position. During his long 
incumbency he has made a record, in 
the number of convictions secured pro- 
portioned to the number of indictments 
found, that can probably not be equall- 
ed in the history of the state. His 
allegiance to the town of his adoption 
has never wavered, and to his efforts at 
home and influence abroad in behalf of 
its prosperity the town owes as much as 
to those of any one citizen. Mr. Clark 
is president of the First National Bank 
which was established through his ef- 
forts. • 

Henry V. Pratt is descended from 
one of the oldest Steuben county fami- 
lies, his great-grandfather having settled 
in Prattsburg in 1802, and, back of 
Steuben county, he traces his lineage in 
unbroken line to the earliest days of 
the Massachusetts colony. His educa- 
tion received at the famous Franklin 
academy, was completed at the law 
school of Cornell University, and in 
1892 he came to Wayland and began 
the practice of his profession. He soon 
formed a partnership with W. W. Clark, 
and to his desk comes the greater por- 
office work of their large 
is a thorough student 

tion of the 
business. He 


and a safe counselor. Mr. Pratt is a 
director of the First National Bank. 

F. Allen DeGraw opened a law office 
in the village in 1900, and is a graduate 
of the Albany Law School. The fol- 
lowing year he formed a partnership 
with Floyd Green, a graduate of the 
Buffalo Law School, and they have be- 
gun their practice with every prospect 
of brilliant success. 

Christian C. Bill was born in Way- 
land and educated in its schools. He 
studied law under the tuition of W. W. 


the offices at Bowles' Corners, Begole's 
and Patchin's Mills were consolidated 
in the Wayland Depot office., Mr. Ben- 
nett secured the necessary petitions, 
employed a surveyor to make maps of 
the territory, and complied with all the 
other requirements of the department, 
at an expenditure of a large amount of 
time and energy, and about two hundred 
dollars in hard cash. The office was 
established, and Mr. Bennett had every^ 
thing in readiness to begin operations 
except the key to the mail bags, when 

cyphers' incubator factory. 

Clark, and was admitted to practice in 
1 88 1. Opening his office in his home 
town, he has maintained a steady busi- 
ness. He was elected village treasurer 
in L882. 

The Wayland post office was estab- 
lished in 1852, and to pessimists who 
aver that the world is growing worse, 
the early intrigue connected with this 
lone federal office of the town, will show 
that there were politics and politicians 
in the "good" old days. It was through 
the efforts of James G. Bennett that 

John Hess, the whig leader showed his 
hand. In place of the key to the mail 
bags came a letter from the department 
enquiring about Mr. Bennett's political 
faith, and courteously suggesting that 
he pledge himself to support the party 
in power, (the whigs.) Mr. Bennett 
replied in vigorous language, that he 
was born a Jackson democrat, and 
should so remain, and he would see 
the head of that particular governmen- 
tal office farther in the place supposed 
to be warm "than a pigeon could fly in 


a week," before he would change his 
party for such a contemptible office. 
The key to the mail bags was forthwith 
sent to John Hess, and he became Way- 
land's first post master. His triumph 
was, however, short-lived, for Franklin 
Pierce was elected President by the 
democrats that fall, and soon after the 
Inauguration, the following spring, Mr. 
Bennett received his commission as 
postmaster, his being the first appoint- 
ment made by the new administration 
in Steuben county. He retained the 
office for seven years, and resigned to 
become the Erie station agent. Dexter 
S. Jolly filled out Mr Bennett's term. 
John Hess had placed the office in his 
store then on the south-east corner of 
Naples and Wayland stieets. Mr. Ben- 
nett kept it in the house on Wayland 
street now owned by Mrs. Dr. Skinner, 
where he retailed tobaccos and small 
wares in addition to postage stamps. 
One of Our older citizens recalls buying 
a cigar here for one cent, the purchase 
being particularly memorable as it was 
his first effort at smoking. Mr. Jolly 
removed the office to a room in the 
Hess tavern — the house now owned by 
John J. Morris — and later to the small 
building that stood where the Sauerbier 
saloon is now, and js attached to the 
rear of the present building. 

With the change of parties in 1861, 
John Hess again became an active can- 
didate for the postmastership, and for- 
warded a good sized petition to Wash- 
ington in support of his claim. His 
nephew, Benjamin B. Hess, had also 
circulated a petition and secured many 
endorsers. The village had just been 
struggling with a license question. A 
protest had been made against the pro- 
prietor of the hotel, owned recently by 


the late Edwin Tyler, and he had 
secured the names of over two hundred 
people living in Wayland, Springwater, 
Canadice and Dansville to a request that 
he be licensed. This list having served 
its purpose, Benjamin Hess purchased 
it for one dollar, and cutting off the 
heading, attached the names to his peti- 
tion for the post office, which made his 
number of signers very much the larger, 
and forwarded it to Washington, and 
secured the coveted commission. He 
served two years, having the office in 
the south store of the Hess block, and 
later in a small building west of the old 
Herrick store. 

S. F. Hess held the commission from 
1863 to '65, and was succeeded by his 
partner, Thomas Abrams, who was post- 
master until 1-^67. The office was kept 
in the John Hess store during this per- 

William Northrup secured the office 
in 1867, and it was transferred to the 
Northrup and Dildine store on the 
south side of the Hess block, where it 
remained until 1875, when Henry 
Schley was appointed. The fight at 
this change was bitter. Mr. Schley 
moved the paraphernalia of the office 
to the hardware store of Schwingle and 
Fess, in the Sauerbier building. Then 
Mr. Northrup secured a re-appointment, 
and moved it back to his store. Mr. 
Schley brought more influence to bear, 
and ousted his opponent finally, retain- 
ing the office until 1881. 

Henry W. Garnsey was the next in- 
cumbent, and the office was again lodged 
in the Hess block, where it remained 
until the fire. Mr. Garnsey resigned in 
1882, and Wilbur W. Capron filled out 
his term of four years. When the 
Hess building was burned Mr. Capron 


had a small house that stood on his farm Charles M. Jervis succeeded to the 

m the eastern part of the village— it 1889 and established 

has done service since 1885 as a laundry the office with the neW. boxes, now in 

room m the rear of the Bryant House— use, in his store, where it remained 

drawn to a position where tht Kimmel until the stock was purchased by Ster- 

hardware store is now, and established ner & Gottschall, when it was transfer- 

the office there, and at the second fire, red to the building recently replaced by 

when It was again threatened, the build- the new Kimmel block. During this 

mg and office were drawn across the administration an afternoon mail to 

street to the present site of the Clark Rochester, on Erie train number 17, 

building. January i, 1885, it was was secured, and mail service on the 

moved to the room at the western end Lackawanna,, which had at first been 

No. 20 W. Naules Street. 

of the Bryant House. During this refused by the department, was estab- 

period the name of the ofiSce, which lished. This latter event resulted in the 

from its erection had been "Wayland discontinuance of the Dansville stage 

Depot," was changed to "Wayland," route, and the date seems of historical 

and the money-order system was inau- importance, as marking the com- 

gurated. pletion of the change from stage-coach 

William H. Green became postmaster to railroads in this town. The old 

in 1885, and the office was placed in southern tier route, which was the pride 

the store of F. K. Smith, first in the of our grandfathers, and which connect- 

Sauerbier building, and then at his pres- ed Buffalo with the east in competition 

ent location, and later it waj moved with the old "state" road through the 

back to the room in the Bryant House, north counties, had dropped link after 


link as the railroad system advanced, In 1900, Peter H. Zimmerman fe- 

shrfnking to Corning to Dansville, then ceived his appointment, and moved the 

to Bath to Dansville, then Wayland to 

Dansville. The gaily painted stage- 

coach, with its six horses, its big "boot," 
and its driver's whip and bugle, had be- 
come a "buck-board," with wheels bare 
of color, drawn by one antiquated spec- 
imen of horseflesh, whose melancholy 
gait no whip could hasten, and a driver 
destitute of even a tin horn. On the 
20th day of July, 1889, the last trip was 

office to its present commodious quar- 

During the present and the two pre- 
vious administrations, George H. Stan- 
narius has been the deputy postmaster. 
He entered the work as a youth, and 
full of ambition to become expert at 
the business, and by careful attention to 
the multiplicity of detail connected 
with the work, and a temper unruffled 

No. 16 Ham 

made, and the triumph of the locomotive 
was complete. About this time the Per- 
kinsville office received service from the 
Lackawanna road, and their mail that 
had until then passed through the Way- 
land office, ceased to be handled here. 
John Kimmel received his commis- 
sisn in 1894, and under his administra- 
tion the increased business of the office 
caused by the opening of the Incubator 
Factory raised the office to the presi- 
dential rank. 

ilt'jii Street 

by the petty annoyances that soon sour 
most men who are called to deal with 
humanity of all grades of obtuseness, 
he has rendered a service to the public 
that cannot be fully appreciated except 
by those acquainted with the demands 
of the position. 

Henry Schley was an active citizen of 
the village for fifteen years, coming 
here in 1871. He was a hustler in be- 
half of the proposition for incorpora- 
ting the village, and served as trustee 




in 1877 and 1878. In 1886 he moved 
to Michigan, where he died in 1900. 

John Kimmel, a son of Martin Kim- 
mel and partner with his father in the 
hardware store, finished his education 
at Canisus College, Buffalo, and has since 
been one of Wayl-'nd's active young 
business men. He is interested with 
Shaffer & Wolff in the electric lighting 
plant, and in addition to his term as 
postmaster has served as village treas- 
urer since 1896. 

Peter H. Zimmerman was born in 
Wayland and began life as a clerk. Af- 
ter a short time spent as billing clerk in 
the office of the Illinois Central railroad, 
in Carbondale, III., he returned to Way- 
land and entered the office of Capron 
and Fowler, who were then among the 
largest produce buyers in this part of 
the state. He was appointed federal 
census enumerator in 1880 ; elected 
justice of the peace in 1884, which of- 
fice he has held continuously to the 
present time ; was chosen justice of 
sessions for ifit. county in 1894, the last 
term before that office was abolished ; 
was village treasurer in i884,and village 

clerk from 1891 to 1897; special ex 
aminer of mortgage indebtedness for the 
twenty-ninth Congressional District for 
the eleventh federal census, and post- 
master since 1900. He has also been 
secretary of the Wayland Dime Savings 
and Loan Association since 1888, and is 
president of the board of directors of 
the Canning Factory. 

David K. Shafer was born on a farm 
in the town of Sparta in 1836, being 
descended from Pennsylvania Dutch 
stock that dates back to the colonial 
period- of this country. His educntion 
was received in the common schools, 
and, in 1864, he married Miss Martha 
Rowe. Moving to Wayland in 1876, 
he settled on the Wesley Doughty farm, 
just east of the village, where he died in 
1888. Mrs. Shafer and two sons,James 
G. and Herbert K., survive him. 

William Flora was born and passed 
his early life on a Scottsburg farm. In 
young manhood he went west, traveling 
through- a number of states, and remain- 
ing for several years. About 1866, he 
returned and made his home in this vil- 
lage, where he died in 1900, at the age 
of sixty-nine years. Mr. Flora was pres- 
ident of the village in 1883, 1885 and 
1886, and trustee in 1892. 

James F. Wood moved to Wayland 
from Cohocton in the year 1870, and 
purchased the house now occupied by 
his son-in-law, U. H. Steinhardt. He 
was justice of the peace for eleven years 
preceding his death, and had an office 
in the Hess block, which was the village 
court house of the time. Mr. Wood 
died in 1884, at 67 years of age. 

Chauncey S. Avery purchased the 
homestead farm in 1873, where he has 
since resided. He has been twice mar- 
ried, his first wife being Mary J. Math- 


ers, who died in 
daughters : Mrs. Maryette VanRiper, of 
Cohocton ; Mrs. Frank M. Cole, of 
Hornellsville ; and Mrs. Harriet A. 
Pierce, of South Dansville. His second 
wife was Lucinda R. Tripp. Mr. Avery 
served in the i88th N. Y. Infantry from 
Sept. 9, 1864, to July i, 1865. 

Henry P. VanLiew was born at 
Berne, Albany county, N. Y., and re- 
ceived his education at the Troy Con- 

1886 leaving three was principal of the Wayland Union 

School from March 1885 to 1887, when 
he resigned to accept a position in New 
York City, his family spending the sum- 
mer seasons in Wayland until 1895, 
when they resumed their permanent 
residence here. 

The oldest residents at the dawn of 
the twentieth century, whose names ap- 
pear in our directory are : 

Mrs. Theckla Vogt, aged 91. She 

ference Academy, Poulteney, Vt , the was born in Germany in 18 10, at the 

No. 10 N. Scott Street. 

State Normal School, Albany, N. Y, 
and the University of the City of New 
York. He taught and superintended in 
public and private schools in New York 
state and Colorado, being Superintend- 
ent of Schools in the latter s'.ate. The 
season of 1894 he entered the illustrat- 
ed lecture field, since which time he has 
given over 1,200 entertainments in fif- 
teen different states. His entire time 
for the next season, 1901-02, being al- 
ready spoken for. Professor VanLiew 


time when Napoleon I, was changing 
the political lines of Europe to his own 
liking, and George HI, against whom 
these colonies rebeled, was still on the 
throne of England. In 1 840 she came 
to the town of Wayland, which has since 
been her home. Of her five children, 
three, Joseph Vogt, John Vogt and Mrs. 
Martin Kimmel are living in this vicin- 
ity, two daughters having died. Mr. 
Vogt, her husband, passed away in 1872. 
Mrs. Vogt is remarkably active for one 

of her years, and it is hoped that she lived in three centuries 

may fill out five score years. 

Ira Wilbur, aged 89. Mr. Wilbur 
was born in Vermont in 181 2 and was 
brought by his parents to Springwater 
in 1 81 5. Being of small stature, his 
father did not regard him .as promising 
material for a pioneer farmer, and when 
he was eighteen years old, ''gave him 
his ume," and advised him to learn a 
trade. Young Ira went to Dansville, 
and in due course of time became a 
mill-wright, at which occupation he 
worked for many years. Having buried 
his first wife in Dansville, he came to 
Wayland in 1854, being employed as a 
carpenter by the Hesses, and the follow- 
ing year he married Schuyler Granger's 
daughter, Martha, and they have since 
resided in this village. Mr. Wilbur died 
in March of the present year, since this 
sketch was begun. 

Matthias Rauber, aged 84. Mr. 
Rauber was born in Prussia in 18 16, and 
emigrated to the United States in 1856, 
settling on a farm near Perkinsville. 
He married Margeret Brick in 1 841, and 
they had eight children, Mrs. Catherine 
Conrad, Nicholas, Mrs. Marien Klein, 
Peter, Jacob N., Mrs. Margaret Schu. 
Elizabeth, and Anna, deceased. All, 
except the last two, were born in Ger- 
many, and all, except Miss Lizzie, are 
residents of the town of Wayland. Mr. 
Rauber retired from active life several 
years ago, and resides with his daughter, 
Mrs. Nicholas Schu, Jr. His wife died 
in 1892. 

The youngest citizen of the village at 
the opening of the century is the infant 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Engel, 
who was born on the night of Dec. 28, 
1900. Should she live to be three days 
over one hundred years, she will have 


May her life 
be spared. 

In general politics Wayland has long 
been prominent. James G. Bennett 
was member of assembly in 1870 and 
1 87 1, James P. Clark being nominated 
against him on the republican ticket the 
latter year. He was succeeded by 
Thomas M. Fowler in the sessions of 
1872 and 1873. George E. Whiteman 
served two terms, 1884 and 1885, and 
Gordon M. Patchin was a member of 
the sessions of 1892 and 1893. Butler 
M. Morris was a candidate in 188 1, and 
Jacob B. Whiteman in 1892 and 1894. 

William W. Clark was elected district 
a^^^torney in 1892, 1895 and 1898. 

Charles M. Jervis was nominated for 
school commissioner in 1887. 

Peter H. Zimmerman wjis- chosen 
justice of sessions in 1894. 

Dr. E. Bigeldw was candidate for cor- 
onor in 1 890 ; Dr. A. A. Piatt in 1 893 ; 
and Dr. G. M. Peabody in 1896. 

Henry V. Pratt was candidate for sur- 
rogate in 1900. 

Wilbur W. Capron has held the state 
appointment as Port Warden, at New 
York, for six years. 

Hon. Gordon M. Patchin is the only 
son of Myron M. Patchin, and was born, 
and has always lived at the homestead 
in Patchinsville. He was educated at 
the Rogersville Seminary and the 
Franklin Academy, Prattsburg, and has 
been a leader in county politics from 
youth, having been a delegate to a nom- 
inating convention before he had cast 
his first vote. He has, however, never 
been an office seeker, and reluctantly 
consented to become a candidate for the 
assembly. In the legislature he was 
quickly recognized as a man of clear 
intellect and sound judgment, and his 
two terms were distinctly creditable to 
his district. 



Sullivan Street. 



January 9, iS^i occurred the tragedy 
that shocked this entire part of the 
state, and threw a deep gloorn over the 
town. Mrs. Mary Hess shot and killed 
William H. Lewis a neighbor, and War- 
ren Northrup her brother. The inten- 
tion attributed to her of running amuck 
and taking several other lives merely 
makes the deed seem the more insane. 
Mrs. Hess was examined and adjudged 
a lunatic, and she was sent to the Utica 
asylum, where she died seven years 

The "Liberal League" flourished 
during the '70's. There were about 
twenty-three members, among whom 
some were possessed of that little learn- 

ing, of which Pope speaks, but none 
had sufficient depth to sustain the argu- 
ment in favor of their extreme position. 
They were deistical, , rather than atheis- 
tical, but their research, which could 
scarcely be termed even superficial, and 
their utter lack of scientific analysis 
reduced most of them to mere scoffers. 
Their influence on the morality of the 
community was wholly bad, and gave 
to it a reputation that retarded its 
growth by deterring much respectable 

The village having, in 1871, attained 
a population of about one-third of that 
of the remainder of the town, could no 
longer depend upon the commissioner 
of highways to care for its streets, and 
it must also have improvements in side- 
walks and restrictive ordinances that 
the town government could not supply. 



The proper steps were taken under 
the general state law providing for the 
incorporation of villages, in the way of 
surveys, maps, etc., and by the follow- 
ing notice a meeting of the electors was 
called to decide the question of incor- 
poration : 

Corporation Election Notice. 

To be held at the hotel of Adam 
Pfaff on April lo, 1877, from 10 a. m. 
to 3 p. m., to vote on the incorporation 
and proposed expense of ^150 for ex- 
penses for the first year. (The techni- 
cal description of the territory to be 
included in the village limits follows.) 

Signed : 

George W. Morehouse, James F. Wood, 

Mark H Hess, ' " ~ 

Albert Sauerbier, 

James H. Totten, 

Wilbur W Capron, 

Northrup N. St. John, 

Jacob F. Schumaker, 

Nicholas Sieb. 

George Nold, 

Gottlieb Zeilbeer, 

John W. Doughty, 
Charles C. Tinker, 
Everett M. Fowler, 
Butler M. Morris, 
Nicholas Rauber, 
W. Fred Kiel, 
Henry Schley, 
Adam Pfaff, 
George Acker. 

Dated Wayland, N. Y., Feb. 27, '77. 

The adoption of the proposition was 
hotly discussed during the days preced- 
ing the election and the two sides 
seemed very evenly balanced. On elec- 
tion day, the story is told, just before 
the polls closed H. B. Newell came to 
vote, and being undecided which side to 
favor, he mixed up a ballot "for" with 
one "against," and picked one at 
random, which proved to be the "for" 
ballot, and so voted. On counting the 
votes it was found that there was just 
one majority in favor of the proposition. 
Had this tale come to us from ancient 
times Mr. Newell would doubtless have 
been represented as under the same 
supernatural influence that caused the 
horse of Darius to neigh at the oppor- 
tune moment to make his master king 
of Persia. Defference to historic trutli, 

however, compels us to state that the 
proposition was carried by a fair 

Following the adoption of the plan 
of incorporation the call for election of 
officers was issued as follows : 

Village Election Notice. 
Notice is hereby given that a corpor- 
ation election of the village of Wayland, 
Steuben county, N. Y., will be held at 
the house of Adam Pfaff in said village 
on the 22d day of May, 1877, for the 
purpose of electing the following officers, 
viz : a president, a collector, a treasurer, 
and three trustees. 

The polls of said election will be open 
at 10 o'clock of the forenoon of said 

F. E. Holliday, Supervisor, 
George Folts, Town Clerk, 

Inspectors of Election. 
Dated; Wayland, N. Y., May I, 1877. 
The result of this election was the 
choice' of the following officers : 
H. S. Rosenkrans, President. 
N. N. St. John, \ 
G. B. Bennett, V Trustees. 
Henry Schley, j 
T. S. Beeman, Collector. 

G. W. Morehouse, Treasurer. 
At the first meeting of the board 
Charles C. Tinker was chosen clerk. 
William Rauber was appointed the first 
police constable, "without salary." Gid- 
eon S. Granger was the first street com- 
missioner, notices being served on H. 
B. Rice and A. B. Adams, pathmasters, 
to discontinue their work within the 
limits of the new village. Several suc- 
ceeding meetings were occupied in the 
adoption of village ordinances, and a 
code of laws was evolved which for 
comprehensiveness eclipses anything of 
a former period ; neither the generalities 
of the Roman Twelve Tables, the min- 
utes of Moses, or the severity of Draco 
being comparable to it. 



The first license fee, of two dollars, 
was collected of a circus which exhibi- 
ted in the village on June 23. For the 
Fourth of July celebration special poHce 
were appointed at two dollars each, and 
trustee Bennett was commissioned to 
provide a place of detention for disturb- 
ers of the peace. The following year 
a lot was purchased for twenty-five dol- 
lars, and James E. Snowers was awarded 
the contract for building the jail, his bid 
being $160. 

the average American takes in any mat- 
ter tinged with politics, we quote from 
a citizen's diary the following reference 
to the second village election : 

Tuesday, April 19, 1878. 
Election at Tinker's, upstairs. Polls 
open at one o'clock, p. m. Voted the 
straight "People's" ticket. Great deal 
of talking and pulling etc., as usual. 
Presidents a tie. The rest all elected 
by small majorities on "People's" ticket. 
Lot fell to Rosenkrans. "Big cheer," 
etc. H. B. R ., justice, struck the 

Corner W. Naples 

The municipality of Wayland was 
thus started on its career. It was, truly, 
a day of small beginnings; but not 
therefore, to be despised. Scant credit 
is due to those who feel no heartburn- 
ings for their homes, be they ever so 
humble, and patience bestowed on citi- 
zens who decry their town is a wasted 
virtue. What may be the future of 
Wayland is not foretold, but "Our 
hearts, our hopes, are all with thee." 

To illustrate the intense interest which 

and Snott Streets. 

Hon, J. G. B . General racket, 

then G. S. G threw Hon. J. G. in 

the mud. Fired the cannon. Band 
came out, and a good many drunk. 

Throughout the early period Wayland 
had a most inspiring drum corps. Its 
members were Ira Wilbur, now our 
oldest citizen, William 8. Kellogg, de- 
ceased, James G. Bennett and Mark H. 
Hess, son of Dr. Henry H. Hess, and 
the last one bearing the name of that 
large family to reside in the toivn with 


which they were so prominently identi- 
fied. The older men and the youth 
would beat their drums and bloW' their 
fifes with that absorbed interest which 
in ancient times thrilled the continental 
farmers at Lexington and Valley Forge 
to themselves beat everything in sight, 
particularly if it wore a red coat. They 
were in great demand, especially during 
political compaigns. 

This drum corps may, perhaps, be 
considered the germ of the first Cornet 

N. Y. 


the leaders in the movement. By what 
subtile influence it was thwarted will 
always remain a mystery to the student 
of Wayland affairs. That a Hook and 
Ladder Company whose business in 
fires is generally regarded as supple- 
mentary to that part of the department 
that seeks to extinguish the flames, 
should exist so long and be so liberally 
supported by a community that refused 
to assist the effort to provide a means 
for putting out fire, seems passing 

Corner S. Main and Washington Streets. 

Band that was organized in the village, 
in the year 1876, and was under the 
leadership of Frank Adams. The 
Wayland Press mentions its perfor- 
mance by stating that "the people are 
justly proud of it" and "we hear naught 
but praise." Since that time the village 

strange, and not far out of line with 
those wise men of Gotham, who, on 
going away from home, carried the 
doors of their houses with them, lest 
thieves should burst them open during 
their absence. To make this most ex- 
cellent Hook and Ladder Company 

has never been for any gi'eat length of really effective, there should be some 

time without an excellent band. means of thi'owing water or chemicals 

A strong effort was made in 1882 to on the flames, and a system of offensive 

start a Babcock Fire Extinguisher Com- as well as defensive fighting of fire. 

,pany, Frank G. Patchin being one of Diu-ing the seasons of 1880-82 the 




Delaware, Lac'cawanna & Western rail- 
road extended its line from Binghamton 
to Buffalo, the route passing through 
Wayland. A large force of Italian lab- 
borers was brought to this neighbor- 
hood, and Dr. Witheral, the contractor 
of this section, and his assistants came 
to town. It was a busy time, full of 
action. Dr. Witheral was a man of 
genial nature, and of great liberality, 
and ever ready to head a subscription 
with a generous sum for any object pro- 
posed by the citizens. The possibility 
of finding oil in this locality called from 
him a promise of aid in putting down a 
test well, and for a time the villagers 
indulged in much feverish speculation 
on the subject. Wiser councils, how- 
ever, prevailed, and neither well nor 

v. PKArr. 

money was sunk, but many dreams of 
sudden and fabulous wealth were dissi- 

The railroad people at fiist refused to 
place a station, other than the one at 
Perkinsville, in the town, and when H. 
G. Pierce made a request for a Wayland 
stopping place backed by a promise on 
his part to build a warehouse that 
should secure for them a share in the 
freights of the town, it was indifferently 
received. On a day when farmers were 
busy drawing potatoes to market, Mr. 
Pierce learned that the "comet," a com- 
bined locomotive and car used by the 
officials of the road, was to make a trip 
over the division, and he suggested to a 
number of farmers that they wait and 
see it pass, with the result that when it 


went through, the highway for a long 
distance was filled with teams. The 
"comet" stopped and came back to the 
crossing, inquiry was made as to what 
so many teams meant, the answer being 
"drawing potatoes to the Erie," and the 
outcome was an immediate order for 
the building of the station. 

James G. Bennett was the first agent. 
The amount of business now transacted 
at this station places it in the front rank 
of country places on the line of the 

Following the opening of the D. L. 
& W. railroad, in 1882 came the con- 
struction to Angelica and Hornellsville 
of the railroad now knowii as the Pitts- 
burg, Shawmut & Northern, the pro- 
spective idea of which is to reach the 
coal and lumber and oil regions of 
Pennsylvania from the D. L. & W. 
trunk line in this state. This road was 
opened in 1888. 

Sunday night, September 2, 1883, 
fire started in the Hess block and des- 
troyed that building and those adjacent 
to the house now occupied by Valentine 
Hemmer, on Main street, and the house 
and store owned by George Nold on 
Naples street. In the Hess building 
Albert Sauerbier occupied the basement, 
Kimmel, Morris & Co., and the post 
office, the stores, and William W. Clark, 
Dr. E. Biglow and C. C. Bill the offices; 
Wearkley's bakery ; John J. Munding's 
shoe shop, and E. S. Arnold's furniture 
store, on Main street, and George Nold, 
on Naples street, were the concerns 
that suffered. 

Just six weeks later, October 14, fire 
again started in the Gothic Hotel — 
standing on the present site of the 
Weinhart opera house — and burned to 
the corner of Main street and westward 

N. Y. I2S 

to James F. Wood's, now U. H. Stein- 
hardt's residence, which was saved by a 
great effort after being repeatedly ablaze. 
Every citizen of the village was out, 
each individual fighting most desperately 
to stop the fire before it should reach 
his own home, and it would be difficult 
to describe the feeling of despair that 
overcame the crowd when the cornice 
of the old hotel broke out in flame, and 
it seemed that the town was wholly 
doomed. Shifting winds were kind, 
and the fire spread no farther. 

The morning of October 15, revealed 
on three of the four corners, where had 
been done the business of a prosperous 
town, nothing but charred and smoking 
ruins. It was indeed, a "blue" Monday 
for Waylanders. People from the sur- 
rounding country and neighboring 
towns flocked to the village, and seeing 
its desolation, wisely shook their heads, 
saying that the blow was fatal. 

October 19, the walls of George 
Nold's present store, the first brick 
building in the village were completed. 
The erection of that building required 
more of what is termed "nerve" than 
any other deed of the time, and it 
meant more to property owners than 
can be estimated. With most people, 
the main idea for the first days following 
the second disaster seemed to be how 
to get out of Wayland with as little loss 
as possible, but to get out any way. 
That building, surmounted with an 
evergreen bush, defiantly overlooked 
the surroundmg ruins, and proved the 
anchor to hold, and the corner stone of 
the new Wayland. On November 6, 
ground was broken for the stores, Nos. 
5 and 7 Main Street, — now occupied by 
F. K. Smith and C. Gottschall & Son — 
by Walter Bryant. 



Mr. Bryant had been a resident of 
the village about two weeks when the 
second fire occurred, though he had 
owned the old hotel property for some 
time, the house being conducted by his 
son, Colonel J. Bryant. Mr. Bryant 
was born in Auburn in 1 8 1 8, and in 
youth removed with his parents to Con- 
neut, Ohio. Here he experienced a life 
full of the adventuf-es incident to pio- 
neer existence, and developed the rugged 
fearlessness of obstacle that afterward 

time in an interim between regular ten- 
ants. He was a trustee of the village 
in 1885 and '86. During the later 
years of his life he was an invalid, and 
died in 1899, Mrs. Bryant and their 
three children. Belle, Colonel J., and 
Mark, since deceased, surviving him. 

Mr. Bryant's belief that Wayland, if 
dead, as so many of its citizens, constantly 
proclaimed, could be resurrected, and 
his faith in boldly venturing his capital 
were contagious. Martin Kimmel pur- 


Corner W. Naples 

characterized him. After residing for a 
time in Westfield, Chautauqua county, 
he came to Springwater, settling on a 
farm on Herrick street in that town, 
and marrying Lydia Ann Hudson, 
(1839) daughter of one of Springwater's 
oldest residents. With the exception 
of four years, 1845-49, during which 
he conducted a hotel in the "Valley," 
he continued to reside on this farm until 
his removal to this village in 1 883. Mr. 
Bryant conducted the hotel for a short 

and Scott Streets. 

chased the old Gothic hotel site for a 
building for the hardware, which he was 
induced to exchange for the site on 
which his store now stands, and the 
work of erection was begun at once. 
This change of location made by Mr. 
Kimmel, and the building of the Biyant 
stores resulted in turning the drift of 
trade into Main street, and made a trans- 
formation of the business portion of the 
village, as prior to the fires, the greater 
portion of the stores had been on 




Naples street. It was in the belief that 
Naples street would continue to be the 
principal business thoroughfare that 
George Nold re-built on his former site. 

The year following, 1884, Mr. Bryant 

"erected the hotel building, and in 1885, 

Ur. Cameron Patchin replaced the old 

Hess structure with the present brick 


Dr. Cameron Patchin, *a son of Dr. 
Warren Patchin, was a man most highly 
esteemed by our older citizens, and but 
little known to the younger generation. 
A natural dignity of bearing lending a 
sternness of appearance which caused 
him to be frequently misunderstood by 
those who did not know the real man. 
In youth his desire to study medicine 
was not encouraged by his father, but 
his steadfast detei'miriation in the matter 
at last gained parental sanction. He 
carried the same fixed determination to 


succeed into his profession and his busi- 
ness, and it resulted in his attaining at 
least equal eminence with his father as 
a practicioner and in consultation, and 
in making substantial additions to his 
inheritance. He tnarried Harriet 
Glines, from Bradford county. Pa., who 
died in 1895, leaving two sons, Frank 
G. Patchin, of the Cyphers' Incubator 
Co., and Bert C. Patchin, who retains 
the homestead and is proprietor of 
the Patchinhurst breeding stables. Dr. 
Patchin died in 1896. 

Other brick buildings near the "four 
corners" were built by Christian Klein 
and B. F. Pursel in 1886; James E. 
Young, on Naples street, in 1887; 
David Berman 1 894 ; F. J. Raufenbarth 
1896 ; National Bank 1899, and John 
Kimmel in 1900, and the recovery of 
the village from the great fires is so 
much more than complete, that they now 



S. Wayland Street. 

seem as a blessing rather than a disaster. 

The roller skating "fad" that swept 
over the country in the early '8o's did 
not leave Wayland unscathed. A rink 
was built in 1885, and opened with one 
of the first three-day contests held in this 
part of the state, and which excited 
much more than local interest. With 
the subsiding of popular interest in the 
sport, the building passed through sev- 
eral stages of evolution to be eventually 
transformed into the village theatre. 

One month in the winter of 1889 is 
memorable as being a period of almost 
total eclipse. An itinerant pedlar came 
to the Pfaff hotel sick, and it was soon 
discovered that his malady was small 
pox. A pest house was immediately 
improvised on the outskirts of the vil- 
lage, and the patient and his nurse were 
isolated, every precaution in the way of 

disinfecting and vaccination being taken. 
No other cases occurred in the village. 
It proved, however, the opportunity for 
some of the neighboring towns to make 
an attempt to secure the farm trade that 
had been coming to Wayland in increas- 
ing volume, and they established a most 
rigorous quarantine against this village. 
The denizens of the village, in their 
isolation, had such a surplus of unoccu- 
pied hours that the merchants even be- 
came social among themselves, and 
when the bugbear danger was officially 
declared to be past, and the doughty 
guards, who had stood with drawn clubs 
in the roadways, went home, and the 
doors to the outside world again swung 
open on their rust-eaten hinges, they 
put forth the only united effort they 
have ever been guilty of, in a most suc- 
cessful invitation for a return of their 



former customers. Twice before in its 
iiistory, in 1859 and in 1872, Wayland 
was afflicted with this disease. 

The first public lighting of the streets 
was by a system of oil lamps adopted in 
i890,and,as was then predicted, it proved 
a temporary, unsatisfactory and expen- 
sive makeshift. Electricity for street 
lighting purposes was already throwing 
coal oil into as oblivious a shade as that 
surrounding the torches of the middle 
ages. But the people could not brook 
delay. Six years later, 1896, the old oil 
lamps were thrown out and a contract 
awarded Shaffer, Wclff & Co., for elec- 
tric lights. At the expiration of this 
contract their franchise was renewed for 
a pe;iod of thirty years, in doing which 
our village faihers overlooked the exper- 
ience of progressive municipalities to the 
effect that public franchises are valu- 
able assets of a community, and should 
not be bestowed gratuitously ; and that 
overhead wires are a nuisance, a disfig- 
urement, and a danger, that should not 
be permitted. 

The building of the Portland Cement 
Factory by Thomas Millen & Sons of 
Syracuse, in the year 1892, is memora- 
ble as the emancipation of the village 
from dependence on agriculture as its 
sole source of revenue. An industry 
was established which meant, through- 
out years of bounteous harvests, and 
leanness alike, a constant succession of 
weekly pay-days, to the benefit of the 
laborer, and those dependent upon his 
toil, — the merchant, the doctor, the 
lawyer the church, — in fine, a stable 
prosperity to the entire community 

The Messrs, Millen were originally 
manufacturers of cement sewer pipe, at 
South Bend, Ind., and were obliged to 
import the cement they required in that 

business. The great economy possible 
with the ability to manufacture their 
own cement led them' to devote a num- 
ber of years of time and a large 
amount of money in experimenting in 
this direction, with such flattering suc- 
cess that they subsequently gave up 
their sewer pipe business, and devoted 
their entire energy to the manufacture 
of cement, being among the first to 
make a success of the business in the 
United States. After remaining in 
South Bend for several years they sold 
out their plant, and came to Syracuse, 
where they established a factory at 
Warners, a suburb of that city, which 
they also disposed of, after having oper- 
ated it for several years. Attracted by 
the surface appearance of the swamp 
south-west of this village, they made 
tests and discovered a large deposit of 
exceptionally good marl, tlie necessary 
component of cement. This marl comes 
from the decay of shell -fish, and indi- 
cates that in the remote past this part 
of the state was under water The de- 
posit here ranges from mere surface 
indications to almost eighteen feet in 
depth. The early settlers of the town 
had discovered that this "white clay," 
as they called it, contained lime, and 
made a fair substitute for whitewash. 
Securing options on the lands desired, 
the factory was built and equipped with 
machinery, on most of which the pro- 
prietors own the patents. The cement 
has proven to be of extraordinary qual- 
ity, sustaining a tensil test of from 300 
to 400 pounds to the cubic inch after 
an exposure of 12 hours in water and 
12 hours in the air, the government 
standard requiring 240 pounds under 
these conditions. The factory has a 
daily capacity of 300 barrels, and since 



it was opened has employed a night 
force more hours than the regular day- 
force has been idle from the several 
temporary "shut downs" for needed 
repairs to the machinery, thus being a 
constant industry. July 4, 1892, the 
works were damaged by fire, but were 
immediately re-built. 

To the Messrs. Millen belongs one 
credit that is unusual, and eclipses all 
ordinary bon hominie. During the 
eight years that they have conducted 

dry goods store and the grocery of Aus- 
tin H. Salter, — in which the fire origina- 
ted — the house of Mrs. Davis Gray, the 
store and dwelling owned by George 
Folts, and the hotel building owned by 
Christian Klein and occupied by Will- 
iam Holmes. This fire, as in the former 
instance, made way for an improvement 
in the buildings that have replaced the 
former frame structures. 

The building of the Foundry and 
Machine shop by Messrs. Lewis and 

No. 23 Eosentrans Street. 

their factory, they have had no friction 
with their employees. The firm con- 
sists of Thomas Millen and his sons, 
Duane and Homer C. Millen. 

On the evening of November 24, 
1893, Wayland was visited by a third 
extensive fire, which destroyed the 
building owned by Frank Engle, at 
Main and Fremont streets, and from 
the opposite corner to the Hatch pro- 
duce office, including the building owned 
by A. L. Morley, and occupied by his 

Van Tuyl, both from Hornellsville, was 
a valuable addition to the village indus- 
tries, and under the efficient manage- 
ment of John F. Kiel, who succeeded 
to the proprietorship in 1 898, is supply- 
ing demands that formerly took Way- 
land trade to other towns. 

The Steuben County Firemen's Asso- 
ciation held their Annual convention in 
Wayland in 1896. The villagers made 
unstinted efforts for the entertainment 
of their guests. Every business build- 




ing, and almost every dwelling was pro- 
fusely decorated with flags and buntine. 
Booths were erected on every available 
s.)ot to supply the hunger and thirstof the 
expected multitude, and had there been 
thousands where there were hundreds, 
the provision would have been ample. 
A grand parade of the fire companies 
from the several towns of the county, 
abundantly equipped with brass band.'^, 
and followed by the inevitable "many 
prominent citizens in carriages," was 
the spectacular part of the celebration, 

ence the plant for their manufacture was 
built in Wayland, where were situated 
Mr. Patchin's "ancestral acres," which 
had descended to him through three 
genera'.ions. The concern em[)Ioys a 
large number of helpers in its various 
departments, a large per cent, of whom 
are skilled laoorers. 

The concern does a business, the ex- 
tent of which is scarcely comprehended 
by the people of this inland town, for 
the Cyphers' Incubator is not alone the 
most popular machine among the 

and the greatest event of the kind ever poultry professionals of this country, 

seen on our village streets. As has 
happened in other places, Wayland paid 
a round sum for the many expressions 
complimentary to her hospitality. 
An industrial acquisition not less im- 

but it has found its way into Europe, 
and the far away countries of India, 
China and Australia. Its superior ex- 
cellence consists in the nicity of mechan- 
ical adjustment to the scientific princi- 

portant than the cement factory is the pals of incubation. 

Cyphers' Incubator Factory. In 1897, The members of the firm are Charles 

Frank G. Patchin became interested A. Cyphers, president. Grant M. Curtis, 

with Charles A. Cyphers, of Philadelphia, also a descendant of Walter Patchin, 

in his patents for the artificial incuba- secretary, and Frank G. Patchin, treas- 

tion of chickens, and through his influ- urer. 



The Canning Factory is a co-opera- 
tive concern, and was established in 
1899, with a capital stock of $10,400. 
The last year was the first full season of 
its operation, and in which it abundant- 
ly proved the reason of its existence, by 
distributing upward of $5,000 in wnges, 
and earning over twelve per cent, on 
the capital stock. It is under the man- 
agement of a board of directors, with 
Wesley R. Guile as superintendent. 

Mr. Guile was born in Ea'^t Spring- 

of the company for the position of sup 
erintendent, which he has filled with 
marked ability. He was village trustee 
in 1899. 

The question of a water supply system 
has been strongly urged, and during 
the past few years, repeatedly voted 
down at annual and special elections. 
The village at present draws its supply 
from wells driven through a layer of 
gravel thnt is a few feet below the 
surface, sometimes the wells being 

No. 10 S. Wayland Street. 

water, and has virtually belonged to 
Wayland during his entire life. His 
education was completed at the Gene- 
seo State Normal School. In 1894 he 
removed fiom his farm to the village, 
and the following spring became a part 
purchaser of the corner drug store, 
from which he retired in 1896. He 


driven to a second layer of gravel be- 
neath the first, from whence an abun- 
dant supply of water is drawn for 
domestic purposes, and which has never 
proven to be specially impure or con- 
taminated. There is no person of intel- 
ligence, however, but dreads the time 
when typhoid fever, cholera, or some 

ihen became interested in the hay and kindred disease will become epidemic, 

straw trade, and at the organization of and who does not feel that with the 

the Canning Factory he was selected as growth of the village, and the conse- 

the most available and capable member quent increasing need of a thorough 



sewerage system, it is sure to come. 
The citizens recognize the necessity of a 
good drainage system first, to be follow- 
ed by a good water system, and the 
opposition indicated by their votes on 
the measures submitted has been due 
to the crude manner in which they have 
been presented. The time will soon 
come when a definite proposition 
in which the source of supply, the 
quality of the water and the perma- 
nence of the accumulation will be defi- 
nitely stated, with a reasonably accurate 
estimate of the cost, and will receive 
favorable consideration. 

Wayland village is situated on what 
is termed, in the old geographies, "the 
heighth of land," an elevation that di- 
vides the tributary drainage of the St. 
Lawrenc ,■ from that of the Chespeake, 
and it is [361 feet above the sea level. 

A few million \ears ago it was on 
compar.itively, a much higher elevation, 
for the rock on which it is built slopes 
rapidly southward and underlies the 
CO l1 fields of Peims}lyania at a depth 
of more than a mile. While to the 
north, and extending to the Adirondack 
region, was once a mighty river flowing 
from the Great Lakes, the mouth of 
which is yet traceable in the ocean 
depths, about eighty miles south of 
New York. The territory about us 

thus had greater early advantages in the 
deposits of sediment, and in the petri- 
fying of inundated forests. And though 
the sea has given us our marl deposit 
from the cast off clothing of its shell 
fish, our soil is from gravel, sandstone 
and shale, and is deficient in the ferti- 
lizing proprties of alluvial lands. 

Though Nature has dealt sparingly 
with us for the most satisfactory agricul- 
tural results, she has compensated us 
with a commanding position for com- 
merce in this commercial age. From 
the valleys surrounding us, all roads 
lead naturally to Wayland, and it is 
believed that while our sister villages 
are apologizing for shrinking census fig- 
ures, Wayland's destiny is onward and 
upward. And though, heretofore, in 
their bounteous harvests from teeming 
soils, they have jeered at the leanness 
of our graneries, and pointed to us as 
being truly forsaken of God,, they for- 
get that it is the men yvho win out 
against obstacles, and wring from a re- 
luctant Nature her toll, that breed the 
strength to do, and the courage to dare. 
And when this new century has run its 
course, it is our confident prediction that 
Wayland will demonstrate the truth of 
the saying that "a city set on a hill can- 
not be hid." 






For a number of years following the 
building of the Erie Railroad, in 1852, 
the date that really marks the birth of 
the present village, the people were, as 
is usual in new communities, dependent 
on private hospitality and school houses 

John Hess, 2 year. 

William Rosenkrans, 3 year. 

Chauncey Moore, 3 year. 

Mr. Rosenkrans declining to serve, 

William M. Northrup was afterward 

chosen in his stead. 

The committee appointed to solicit 
subscriptions raised Si 33 2. 80 for the 
building fund, and the Hess brothers 
donated the lot on which the present 
edifice stands, and on which the original 
church was built. The roll of contribu- 

So. 10 Hamilton SirePt. 

for places of worship. April 19, 1858, 
a meeting was held in the school build- 
ing "pursuant to previous notice, for the 
purpose of organizing to build a church 
in the village of Wayland," and at which 
it was resolved; "First: the house shall 
be called the First Methodist Episconal 
church of Wayland," and, Secondly: 
that we appoint five trustees," the fol- 
lowing being the successful candidates: 

Wesley Doughty, i year. 

David Poor, 2 year. 

tors is interesting not alone as including 
the names of many of the earlier citizens 
but also from the liberality of rheir do- 
nations which must be measured by the 
fact that the country was barely emerg- 
ing from the period of lowest financial 
depression it has ever seen. The list 
follows : 

William M. Northrup, Sioo;. Henry 
H. Hess, Sioo; Chauncey Moore, gioo; 
John He-ss, Si25;Warren Patchin, gioo; 
Moses Poor, $go; David Poor, ;^5o; Dav- 

id Herrick, $$0; James Totten, ^50; 
Franklin E. Day, i^so; Wesley Doughty, 
^50; Levi Rosenkrans, ^38; Hiram C. 
Hess, $25; S. F. Hess. ^25; Daniel 
Marts, :^2S; William Rosenkrans, ;^2S; 
James H. Begole, ^25; James Ryder, 
|20; A. K. Parmenter, ;^ 1 5 ; Joshua G. 
Doughty, ^13; Josiah and Davis Gray, 
i^i 5; Daniel Wilcox, $10; Sophia Wil- 
cox, ^s; D. D. Wilbur, $10; Gilbert Tot- 
ten, ;^2.SO; Harvey Farley, ;^io; Edward 
Whiteman, ^10; Reuben SnyHer, ^10; 
Hiram Ingraham, ;^ 10; Christian Hartz, 
|to; M. Penston, ;$i6 30; B. B. Hess, 
;^5; Joseph Carpenter, $5; T. J. Smith, 
g;; Alfred Ingraham, ^5; William H. 
McDowell, ;^S; Harris Curtis, ^3; James 
Redmond, $4; A. J. Miller, $2; Mrs. G 
Miller, $2; Mr. and Mrs. Hiscock, $2; 
Lewis Clayson, ;g20; Mary A. Granger, 
i^S; Andrew Granger, 1^5 John R. Hicks, 
^7; Jacob Hicks, ;^8; Adin Parmenter, 
^3; R. M. Patchin, $g; George Bill, ^5; 
Charles Thomp.son, $5; William New- 
man, $6; Isaac R. Trembly, $4. The 
collection at the dedication amounted 
to ^17. 

The Rev. Stephen Brown was ap- 
pointed to the new charge for the con- 
ference year 1859-60, and Rev. David 
Nutten was the Presiding Elder of the 
Hornellsville District in which the 
charge was included. Mr. Brown has 
resided in Washington, D. C, for many 
years, and is now 83 years of age, being 
one of the oldest members of the Con- 

Rev. Thomson Jolly, who followed 
Mr. Brown in the fall of 1 860, was the 
first resident pastor. In his contribu- 
tion to the History of the Late East 
Genesee Conference, (F. G. Hibbard, 
D. D, 1887,) Mr. Jolly says of the 
Wayland charge, "I found five appoint- 
ments and took in one more, making 
three each Sabbath. But while there 
was plenty of work there was no house 
for the preacher. The preacher had 


lived in Dansville the preceeding year, 
because there was no house to be had 
on the charge. I went with a heavy 
heart, and searched it over faithfully to 
find a home. Just before starting back 
after my family I stepped into a store. 
The merchant asked me if I had got a 
house. I told him no. He told me a 
doctor in the place was talking of board- 
ing, and, if he did, his house would be 
to let. He went to see him and came 
back shortly saying we could have it. 
I went home thankful. We were soon 
moved and settled. I made a strike for 
another parsonage, but had hard work 
to get it started. By working one hun- 
dred and three days, besides much more 
that I did not keep account of, we built 
a parsonage, and moved into it the 19th 
of the next May. During the summer 
we also built a barn. This was the year 
the war began. We stayed two years 
had a few conversions; but it was hard 
work to secure the attention of the peo- 
ple to the subject of salvation, being 
pre-occupied by the exciting topics of 
the war." 

The pastor for the year 1862-63 was 
probably the Rev. Woodruff Post, who 
served the following year, 1863-64. He 
was succeeded by the Rev. John B. 
Knott, whose term lasted three years, 
to the fall of 1867. The Rev J. C. 
Hitchcock was the next incumbent, 
1867-68, and of this period. Dr. Hib- 
bard's History says: "Wayland was a 
two'- weeks' circuit, as it was called, con- 
sisting of Loon Lake, East Wayland, 
Patchinsville and Doty's Corners, in 
Steuben County. * * * Xhe vil- 
lage church at Wayland was used suc- 
cessively by the Methodists, the Wes- 
leyans, and the pastor of the Albrights 
or German Methodists. Rev. C. G. 



Curtis, the Albright, afterward joined 
our Conference. He was a worthy and 
useful man, since deceased. A score or 
more souls embraced religion as the 
fruit of a protracted meeting in which 
Rev. Amos Hard and his band partici- 
pated, and from that time the church 
building came entirely under the con- 
trol of the Methodist Episcopal pastor." 
The Rev. Charles Bush, 1868-69, 
Rev. L. T. Hawkins, 1869-71, and Rev. 
James Duncan, 1871-73, labored effi- 

ized at a cost of nearly ;^i,000. Finan- 
cially the society has ranked high in its 
grade in the conference, and has never 
been oppressed with an unmanageable 
debt, and has always paid its pastors. 
The membership has averaged about 
ninety-five, which number includes the 
class at Loon Lake. The Sunday School 
and societies of Christian Endeavor, 
Son Dau, Pastor's Aid, Ladies' Aid and 
Women's Foreign iVIissions are flourish- 
ing auxiliaries to the great work of the 

ciently during their terms and were fol- 
lowed by the Rev. John R. Cathin, 1873- 
76, during whose pastorate occurred the 
greatest in-gathering of converts in the 
history of the church. The old building 
was rebuilt on an enlarged scale, at an 
expense of about $5,000. Ten years 
later the church was again refitted at an 
expense of ;^i,ooo. In 1892 the build- 
ing was damaged by fire and imme- 
diately repaired. And the same year 
the parsonage was rebuilt and modern- 

No. 20 Hamilton Street. 


Pastors subsequent to those mentioned 
have been : Rev. S. M. Dayton 1876- 
79; Rev. Charles J. Bradbury, 1879- 
82 ; Rev. William Bartle, 1882-85 ; 
Rev. Phineas T. Lynn, 1885-87; Rev. 
John W. Barnett, 1887-89; Rev. Julius 
F. Brown, 1889-90 ; Rev. W. H. Hen- 
derson, 1890-91 ; Rev. W. O. Peet, 
1891-95 ; Rev. Ira K. Libby, 1895-96; 
Rev. Irving B. Bristol, 1896-98 ; Rev. 
W. Irving Janes, 1 898-00. 

MistORY OF WaVLand, n. V. 



Rev. Washington Irving Janes, the 
present pastor of the Methomst church, 
was born at Newstead, N. Y., June 8, 
1853, and receiyed his education at the 
public schools and at -the Genesee Wes- 
leyan Seminary, Lima, from which in- 
stitution he was graduated in 1879. He 
was licensed to preach in 1877, and ad- 
mitted to the Genesee Conference as a 
probationer in 1879, and to full mem- 
bership in 188 1. The several charges 
he has served have been, Henrietta, 
1877-78; Custer City, Pa., 1879; 
Belmont, 1 880-8 1 ; Machias, 1882-83; 
Hinsdale, 1884-85-86; Avoca, 1887-88- 
89; Addison, 1890-91 ; Westfield, Pa., 
1892-93-94; Hammondsport, 1895-96- 
97 ; North Cohocton, 1898 ;, Wayland, 
1 899-00. 

(Contributed by Mr. John J. Morris.) 

The Advent Christian church of this 
■town has but a brief history. Although 

some work had been done in the village 
by individual representatives of the 
church at vai'ious times, some of which 
date back to the early days of the de- 
^ nomination, and even before the denom- 
ination was actually oi'ganized, yet 
it was not until recently that efforts 
were made to crystalize into an 'actual 
church body. 

Perhaps the earliest work done here 
by any representing the particular views 
of the church, at least the earliest of 
which we are cognizant, was in 1859, 
when one, Samuel Chapman, from 
Massachusetts, assisted by Humphrey 
B. 1 lyde, who was at that time teaching 
the village school, rented the hall in 
the old Hess block and held a series of 
meetings, awakertijig some interest in 
the particular ' vi©^ of the denomina- 
tion, but as that' wSs before the days of 
the organization of the body as a church, 
and as the efforts were not continued, 
they were not permanent and lasting in 
their effects. Others at various times 
did some work here, and some converts 
were made to the belief, but as there 
was no organization, and as the work 
done was by individual representatives 
and without any definite system, the 
converts naturally became inembers ; of 
other churches, or drifted out of active 

Although such efforts had been made 
in the earher days of the church, not 
until Mr. John J. Morris, who had been 
associated with the bjasiness interests of 
the place for several' years, made his 
residence here in <} 893, did the work 
assume a definite or per- 
manent aspect,. Mr. Morris being a 
member of the church, soon began the 
work of establishing a branch of the 
■ denomination here. In October, 1 894, 


kistoRY o^ WAVLAlsrb, 1^. V. 

Fremont Street. 

Rev. M. A. Bates, of Massachusetts, 
was engaged to hold a series of meet- 
ings in the Christian church building, 
which at the time was unoccupied. 
These meetings resulted in a few con- 
versions, and from that time to the pres- 
ent the work has continued. 

After Mr. Bates left, Rev. W. H. 
Jackson, pastor of the church at Spring- 
water, took up the work as a supply, 
which was continued by him and his 
successor. Rev. Warren Tefft, until Dec. 
1896, when a church was organized 
with but seven members. For a few 
months Mr. Tefft had charge of the 
work, and in November, 1897, Rev. 
Lauren Dillon was secured as the first 
pastor and remained until October, 1 899. 

He was succeeded by Rev. George J. 
French and his wife. Rev. Mrs. Ella J. 
French, both ministers, and at the 
writing of this article they are both with 
the church. 

From the few original members the 
list has increased to twenty. A Sunday 
school has been organized, which from 
a small beginning has grown to a mem- 
bership of about fifty. There is also a 
Ladies' society in the church, as well as 
a Young Peoples' society, all of which 
are growing '"and working with the 

For some time it was thought that 
the society should secure a permanent 
place of meeting, and an effort was 
made to purchase the Christian church 


property, which was finally accomplished, 
and the church now owns its place of 
worship, and at the present writing ar- 
rangements are about completed to 
enlarge and improve the building. 

It is a work from a small beginning, 
but with the same stead)^, determined 
and sacrificing effort put forth in the 
future that has characterized its promo- 
ters in the past, it is destined to be a 
permanent factor in the histoiy of Way- 

The Rev. George J. French was born 
in Cass county, Mich., May 23, 1852, 
his early life being spent on a farm, ex- 
cept during terms devoted to schooling 
and teaching. He was licensed to 
preach by the Northern Indiana and 
Southern Michigan Advent Christian 
Conference at Buchanan, Mich., in 1882, 
and ordained by the same Conference 
at Sumptious Prairie, Ind., in 1885. He 
h£is held successful pastorates in New 
Albany and Bridgeport, Indiana, and 
in central and northern Illinois, and in 
Rochester, N. Y., and assumed the 
pulpit of the Wayland church in Octo- 
ber, 1899. His wife, Mrs. Rev. Ella J. 
French, is his able and graceful associate 


From early times there have been 
many members of the Christian denom- 
ination in this vicinity, and classes have 
been organized in several school dis- 
tricts, that at East Springwater dating 
from 1830. The creed of the denomi- 
nation is set forth in the record book of 
this class as follows : 

October the i6th, 1830. 

We, whose names are underwritten, 
being assembled at one place in the 
Town of Springwater, and professing to 
be the Disciples, of our Lord and Saviour, 
Jesus Christ, viewing it our duty, as 

N. Y. 


much as in us lies, to come out from 
among and be separate from the world, 
and to do all that in us lies for the up- 
building of our Redeemer's Kingdom 
in this world, we, therefore, cheerfully 
give ourselves up to the Lord in church 
government, and to each other to walk 
together in love, and to watch over each 
other for good. 

And in preference to all sectarian 
names, cheerfully take upon us the 
name of "Christian." Taking the scrip- 
tures of the Testament as our rule of 
faith and practice, and to be governed 
by the same. Amen. 

The method of discipline is also illus- 
trated in this same record book : 

"At a Church Meeting of the Breth- 
eren on the Sixteenth day of June, 

1832, the case of Br. was taken 

into Consideration for Braking the Sab- 
bath and withdrew the hand of fellow- 
ship from him. 

"Also withdrew the hand of fellow- 
ship from Br . Also from Bro. 

for intoccication and Stubbern- 

ess. Also from Br. for not con- 
fessing his rongs." 

In 1864 the members of several 
dasses, and those scattered throughout 
this vicinity were brought together, and 
a church organized in this village, the 
work being accomplished through the 
untiring efforts of the Rev. A. J. Wel- 
ton. A church building was erected, 
and for a number of years the society 
flourished, but with Mr. Welton's remo- 
val from town, about 1874, it lost its 
cohesive power and dechned. The 
building was used for occasional reli- 
gious meetings for a number of years, 
and in 1900 passed to the ownership of 
the Advent Christian society. 

ST. Joseph's catholic church. 

(Facts Contributed by Rev. J. B. Stemler.) 

Sacred Heart church of Perkinsville 
is the pioneer Catholic church of Steu- 
ben county, having been organized on 



^o. 8 N. Main Street. 

Sandy Hill in 1851. It may fairly be 
called the, "mother of churches," as 
from it have sprung both of the Dans- 
ville churches and those at Hammonds- 
port, Wayland and Cohocton. 

The separation of the thirty-five fam- 
ilies that withdrew to form ihe St. Jos- 
eph's congregation came with reluctaiice 
and some heart-burnings, as is usual in 
all home-leaviri'gs, but it was evidently 
a wise course for both people and church, 
and one taken only after a most careful 
investigation of the matter by the late 
Bishop Ryan. Most of 'the families 
from Wayland were obliged to walk to 
church, and their children to school, 
and the growth of the congregation 
made a new church edifice a necessity 
either at Perkinsville or Wayland. 

The consent of the Bishop having 
been gained, work was begun during 
the summer of 1880, and the church 
building, 76 feet by 42 feet, erected and 
the parsonage built and furnished at a 
total cost of nearly ;^4,ooo. The dedi- 
cation was held on January 26, 1881. 
The Bishop being snow-bound at Avon, 
telegraphed the visiting clergy to pro- 
ceed with the services, and when he 
arrived for the evening service he was 
so well pleased with the appointments 
of the church and parsonage that he 
immediately sent a resident priest. 

The Rev. George Zurcher was the 
first pastor, and remained about a year 
and a half, during the latter part of the 
time supplying Cohocton in addition to 
his work in Wayland. He was succeed- 




No. 6 N. 

ed by the Rev. Theodore Voss, in Oct- 
ober, 1882, during whose pastorate the 
school house was built and the pipe 
organ purchased. 

In March, 1885, the Rev. Joseph 
Fischer succeeded to the care of the 
parish, and he, in turn, was followed by 
the Rev. Joseph M. Thies in September, 
1888. Father Thies was especially 
gifted in financial management, and 
during his encumbency the church 
building was enlarged to 1 08 feet by 42 
feet, the church debt was entirely paid, 
the parochial school placed under the 
care of the Sisters of St. Francis, of 
Buffalo, and the pastor's salary raised 
to ^800 per annum. 

The Rev. C. Kaelin was assigned to 

Main SLreet. 

the parish February i, 1894, and during 
his pastorate many minor improvements 
were made in the church property and at 
the Cemetery. 

When the Rev. J. B. Stemler, the 
present pastor, came to Wayland in 
September, 1 896, it seemed that his pre- 
decessors had left him little to do in the 
way of improving the property, but in 
many ways he has found it possible to 
repair and embellish the buildings and 
furnishings, and has fully sustained the 
record of his predecessors. 

The Rev. J. B. Stemler is a native of 
Ellenhauser, Germany, where he was 
born September 7, 1863. He received 
his education at the Montabour and 
Paderburn College, and at the Eisstaedt 


Seminary, and was ordained for the 
Diocese of Buffalo in the city of Mainz. 
His several assignments have been at 
Dunkirk and at Elmira as Assistant, 
and at Strykersville, Bennington and 
Wayland as Rector. 

N. Y. 

(Facts Contributed by Bev. L. M. Dice.; 

In 1875, the "Dansville circuit" ot 
the Evangelical Association of North 
America, in which the Wayland charge 
was then included, was transferred from 
the New York Conference, which was 
largely a German speaking body, to 
the Central Pennsylvania Conference, 
which was composed of English speak- 
ing adherents of the denomination, and 
under this regime the following pastors 
were appointed to the circuit : Rev. J. 
F. Shultz, 1876-78 ; Rev. J. H. Peters, 

1878-80; Rev. W. N. Wallis, Rev. 

J. H. Welsh, Assistant,— 1880-83 ; Rev. 
J. M. Price, 1883-87 ; Rev. B. F. Keller 
1887-89; Rev. W. E. Brilhart, 1889-91; 
Rev. S. E. Koontz, 1891-94. 

At the division of the denomination 
that occurred about 1894, the circuit 
remained with the English branch and 
became attached to the resultant United 
Evangelical denomination. 

The Rev. J. W. Thompson, who was 
appointed to the circuit in the spring of 
1894, at once began a movement for a 
church building in this village, and. so 
successful were his efforts, that in Sep- 
tember of that year the present edifice 
was dedicated by the Rt. Rev. W. M. 
Stamford, D. D., one of the Bishops of 
the Church. The building had cost in 
round figure.?, $4,000. 

The circuit was divided in 1 896, by 
making Brown Hill, South Church and 
Dutch Street a circuit by themselves. 

and leaving Wayland, East Springwater 
and Carney Hollow as the "Wayland 
Station" circuit. 

The Rev. John M. King succeeded 
Mr. Thompson in the spring of 1897, 
and during his pastorate did a great 
work for the society socially and finan- 
cially as well as spiritually. 

The number of members enrolled in 
1880 was sixteen, which had increased 
to about one hundred in 1900, and the 
church supports active societies of 
Christian Endeavor, Gospel Gleaners, 
Ladies' Aid and a large Sunday School. 
The building debt is being rapidly ex- 

The Rev. John M. King is descended 
from an old Cumberland county, (Pa.), 
family, and was born at Springfield, Pa., 
in 183.9, ^iid received his education in 
the common school of his town, the 
Cumberland County Normal School and 
the Big Spring Academy. For twelve 
years he taught, during the latter part 
of the time as principal of the Leesburg 
school, ranking among the foremost 
teachers of the county. In 1869 he 
entered the ministry of the Evangelical 
church, his charges having been : Boals- 
burg Circuit, 1 869-70 ; Madisonburg, 
1870-71; Nittany Valley Circuit, 1871- 
72; Liberty, 1872-74; Grover, 1874- 
77 ; Milesburg, 1877-80; Grover, 1880- 
83; Williamsport, 7th Ward, 1883-86; 
Center Hall, i886-88;Clintondale, 1888- 
90; Warrenville, 1890-93; Jersey 
Shore, 1893-97 ; Wayland, N. Y., 1897- 
01. When the civil war broke out he 
enlisted for three months, and in 1863 
enlisted again for six months as a pri- 
vate in Co. I, 2 1st Pa. Cav., being pro- 
moted to the rank of second sergeant. 
Re-enlisting in the same regiment, Co. 
G, for three years, he served until May 

HtstokV OF WaVLanId, :N[. V. 

1 864, as commissary sergeant, when he house of John Branch. 

succumed to camp fever, and was sent 
to a hospital, from which he was dis- 
charged at the close of the war. In 
1865 he married Miss Hatton, of Ship- 
pensburg, and of three children, two 
daughters, are living. Mr. King is a 
member of Bald Eagle Subordinate 
Lodge, I. O. O. F. of Nilesburg, Pa.; 
of the Canton, Pa., Encampment ; of 
the Reno Post, Williamsport, Pa., G. A. 
R. He has been a constant contribu- 

It was the final 
resting place for the pioneers of this 
end of the town, and it was here that 
the Perkins, the Begoles, the Karachers 
and their neighbors came "with dirges 
due in sad array" to entomb the mortal 
remains of their beloved dead. 

Soon after the Messrs. Hess planned 
the village, a cemetery association was 
formed, of which James G. Bennett was 
secretary, and which, in 1858, purchased 
of William Rosenkrans what is now the 

No. 45 S. Main Street. 

tor to the religious press, and his pro- 
fessional career as teacher and clergy- 
man has been remarkably successful. 
A gentleman of great earnestness and 
of affable disposition, he wins friends 
wherever he goes, and his influence is 
felt in lines of work outside of his own 


The first cemetery in the village of 
Wayland was situated on West Naples 
street on the site now occupied by the 

central part of the present cemetery. 
Many citizens at once removed the re- 
mains of their dead from the old ceme- 
tery to lots in this new one, and m 1870 
a bill was passed by the legislature that 
provided for the removal of those that 

The southern portion was added to 
the cemetery by John Hess, and a few 
years ago Warren Frazer purchased 
lands from the Rosenkrans farm which 
he added to the north side. 



The cemetery question is an impor- 
tant problem for Wayland people, and 
one that demands immediate considera- 
tion., The expanding limits of the vil- 
lage render the present location extreme- 
ly undesirable ; a growing village means 
a corresponding growth of its necropo- 
lis, and the topography of the adjoining 
lands is unsuitable for its future exten- 
sion ; the original plotting was on too 
contracted a scale to permit of ever 
making it the beautiful resting place for 
the "ashes of our fathers," that love and 
reverence require and an efficient and 
continuing management is needed to 
care for the grounds. These reasons, 
combined with the fact that every 
month's delay means an added expense 
seem to make immediate action an im- 
perative necessity. 

THE women's christian TEMPERANCE 


(Facts Contributed by Mrs. Lucinda B. Avery.) 

For several years prior to the forma- 
tion of the local branch of the Women's 
Christian Temperance Union there had 
been no organized effort, outside of the 
churches, to counteract the baneful in- 
fluence of th€ liquor traffic in the village 
of Wayland. 

The Independent Order of Good 
Templars had, at several different per- 
iods, maintained an active and aggres- 
sive branch in the town, but had as 
often lost its cohesive power through 
the withdrawal of its leading members, 
either by removal from Wayland or by 
the increased demands on their time of 
other interests. 

The Saloon element, though numeri- 
cally weaker, was as strongly intrenched 
as it ever had been in a town particu- 
larly noted for its traffic in this line. 

When, therefore, Mrs. Clara 0. Had- 
ley came to deliver an illustrated tem- 
perance lecture at the opera house, 
Feb. 19, 1897, she found the sentiment 
of her hearers ripe for renewed warfare 
against the arch enemy of home and 
society, and with the assistance of Prof 
H. P. Van Liew, organized the Way- 
land Branch of the Women's Christian 
Temperance Union with the following 
charter members : 

Mesdames H. P. Van Liew, C. S. 
Avery, A. A. Piatt, S. Dodge, C. C. 
Tinker, M. Tenbrooke, J. B. Fogal, 
Amy Miller, G. S. Davis and the Misses 
Bertha Dodge and Cordelia Miller. 

The officers chosen for the first year 
were Mrs. H. P. Van Liew president ; 
Mrs. C. S. Avery vice-president ; Mrs. 
Grant S. Davis recording secretary ; 
Mrs. A. A. Piatt corresponding secre- 
tary. Thus organized these eleven 
women took up their unequal task, feel- 
ing, as Paul said : "that by all means 
they might save some." 

The initial meeting was held on Feb. 
25 th, and was presided over by Mrs. 
Anna Hart of Hornellsville, the presi- 
dent of the county branch of the society. 

The object of the Union broadly 
stated is "To plan and carry forward, as 
far as possible, the suppression of in- 
temperance in the midst of us." Its 
pledge, "I hereby solemnly promise, 
God being my helper, to obstain from 
all distilled, fermented and malt liquors 
including wine, beer and cider, and to 
employ all proper means to discourage 
the use and traffic in the same." Its 
motto, "For God, home and native 

Since the first meeting twenty-two 
names have been added to the roll of 
members and those of five "brother 


helpers." Parlor meetings have been 
held with a great degree of regularity, 
and with a growing interest. The 
"mother's department" and suffrage 
discussions being especially important. 
March 23-24, 1898, the local branch 
entertained the county convention of 
the Union, which was addressed by 
Mrs. Ella Boole, Vice-President of the 
New York State organization. 
The present officers are : 
Mrs. H. P. Van Liew, President, 
Mrs. C. C. Tinker, Vice-President. 
Mrs. B. J. Scott, Secretary. 
Mrs. M. Tenbrooke, Treasurer. 
Superintendents : 

Mrs. Bennett, 
Mrs. Scott, 
Mrs. Schwingle, 

Evangelical Work, 
Mothers' Meetings, 
Parlor Readings, 

Press Work, 



Mrs. Lewis, 

Mrs. Clark, 

Mrs. Fowler, 

Mrs. Shults, 

Mrs. Tinker, 

Mrs. Robinson, 

Mrs. Avery, 

Mrs. Glover, 

Mrs. Pardee, 

Mrs. Miller. 

(Contributed Dy Prof. J. Wells Reed.) 

On November 4th, 1881, a meeting 
of the legal voters of School District, 
No. I, Town of Wayland was held, 
pursuant to a call signed by G. W. 
Morehouse, C. C. Tinker, and G. S. 
Ingraham, as trustees of the district. 
This movement was made upon the 
petition of seventeen legal voters, re- 
questing a vote upon the proposition of 
forming a Union Free School in the 

The proposition was carried by a 
vote of seventeen to five, and the fol- 
lowing men were chosen as trustees 
under the new regime : George W. 

Morehouse, Charles C. Tinker, G. Sey- 
more Ingraham, Isaac W. Secor, Ham- 
ilton S. Rosenkrans. Everett M. Fov/- 
ler was appointed treasurer, and John 
Weed collector. 

Thus the above date became an im- 
portant one in the educational history 
of Wayland. Another date of marked 
significance is 1894, when the school 
was placed under the jurisdiction of the 
University of the State of New York. 
Still another, 1898, marks an advance. 
In that year the department of academ- 
ic studies was made a high school. The 
graduate of Wayland since that date, 
having secured a diploma, has the testi- 
monial of the Regents of the Univer- 
sity that his instruction has been of a 
degree that ensures thoroughness, and 
such diploma is worth as much as if ob- 
tained in an academy or seminary of 

The largest school meeting held in 
the district was in 1886 when C. M. 
Jervis and C. S. Avery were chosen 

The following citizens have been 
members of the Board of Trustees : 
Dr. H. A. Whitfield, Harris Curtis, Mar- 
tin Kimmel, Dr. N. N. St. John, C. M. 
Jervis, C. S. Avery, H. S. Rosenkrans, 
J. A. Morris, J. A. Schwingle, I. W. 
Secor, Hon. W. W. Clark, George Nold, 
William Flora, G. C. Deitzel, R. C. 
Neill, Sylvester Dodge, P. H. Zimmer- 
man, W. R. Guile, and Mrs. Gertrude 
Shults, elected in 1900. Mr. Clark has 
the record for the longest continuous 
service on the board. 

The first principal under the Union 
School administration was Prof S. W. 
Oley. The other men who have held 
the position are : T. F. Pangburn, W. 
W. Smith, H. P. Van Liew, R. L. That- 


cher, W. G. Benedict, R. E. Salisbury, 
M. E. Gibbs, B. S. McNinch, F. K. 
Congdon, B. A., J. W. Reed, B. A. 

The last report — that of 1900 — has 
the following statistics : 

Number of children between 

5 and 18 in the district . 
Number in attendance during 

some part of the year . . 
Number of volumes in the 


Number of teachers empl'yd 
Amount of receipts .... 


ten >ears ago to-night, on the evening 
of February 21, 1890. Of the eleven 
persons then present, all are living, but 
only four reside in Wayland at this 
time, J. A. Morris, Mrs. Shults, and Mr. 
and Mrs. Clark. For the sake of his- 
torical accuracy, the names of those 
who attended that first meeting are here 
given : Prof R. E. Salisbury and his 
daughter. Miss Ora Salisbury, Miss 
Louise Herrick, Mrs. Gertrude Shults, 
Mrs. Wesley Capron, Rose Capron, 




^3.658 82 

Cor. Scott and Fremont Streets. 


(The following article kindly loaned by Hon. W. 
W. Clark, was prepared by him for tbe meeting on 
the tenth anniversary of the organization of the Low- 
ell Clubbeldat his home on the evening of Feb. 21.1900) 

The Lowell Club had its origin very 
much after the same fashion adopted 
at the organization of all similar socie 

The first meeting of the eleven ladies 
and gentlemen who proposed to form a 
literary society in Wayland was held 
in this house; and in this very room, 

Mr. J.A. Morris, Leon Tinker, Verne St. 
John, and Mr. and Mrs. Clark. 

The club was organized because its 
charter members desired increased ac- 
quaintance with the literature of our 
own and other days, and also improve- 
ment of their social standing, and they, 
believing that such ends could best be 
attained by organization, declared them- 
selves a society, whose tenth anniversary 
we now celebrate. 

At this first meeting so many years 




ago, when Wayland had not more than 
half its present population, Prof Salis- 
bury, Miss Herrick and Mr. Clark were 
appointed a committee to prepare a 
constitution and by-laws The meeting 
of the committee to draft the constitu- 
tion and by-laws was held at the resi- 
dence of Prof Salisbury a night or two 
subsequently, all the members of the 
committee being present. Miss Herrick, 
who was a teacher in our Union School, 
was a lady of many graces of mind and 
character, and, withal, very brainy. The 
other members of the committee had 
suggestions enough, most of which 
were overruled, because of better ones 
made by Miss Herrick, and our admira- 
ble constitution as we know it to-day, 
and under which we have lived and 
prospered as a society for ten years, was 
gotten up and written out at that one 


meeting, but was very largely the work 
of Louise Herrick. 

The committee made its report at the 
meeting held on March i, 1890, and 
the constitution and by-laws were adopt- 
ed without change or amendment, and 
the committee was discharged. At the 
same meeting of the club the first offi- 
cers, were elected. Prof Salisbury as 
President; Laura Pinneo, Vice-president; 
Verne St. John, secretary; and W. W. 
Clark, treasurer, and of these first offi- 
cers, the latter alone remains a resident 
of Wayland. Prof Salisbury, our first 
president, was a splendid presiding offi- 
cer. Those of us who knew him re- 
member his fervent love for the Lowell 
Club. How regularly he attended its 
meetings. His masterful way of saying 
things and doing things for the benefit 
of the club, his dignity and courtly 




bearing, and his strict discipline, without 
his ever showing the slightest suspicion 
that he was not appreciative of the im- 
portance of his position at every meet- 
ing and all the time. There wasn't 
anything silly or frivolous about our 
first president in any relation he bore 
to the club. He was dignified, conser- 
vative, at times inclined to be austere, 
but always a gentleman, and the Lowell 
Club of later years owes much of its 
success to the solid foundations laid at 
the beginning, and largely through the 
personal influence of Rhyland E. Salis- 
bury. He was then principal of our 
village school, a man of many accom- 
plishments and very high ability. Al- 
though he left us long ago, his work 
remains, and those of us who knew him 
remember him with admiration and 

Miss Laura Pinneo was our first vice- 
president. She came from Prattsburg, 
where several of our most valued mem- 
bers first saw the light of day, and was 
for years a teacher in our Union School. 

Miss Pinneo was one of the most be- 
loved of the many excellent teachers 
Wayland has given to the world, fool- 
ishly permitting them to leave us be- 
cause of a false economy on the part of 
many people who think a teacher should 
work for $ a week, and pay for 
their board and washing out of it, but 
she was here long enough to stamp on 
the minds of many of Wayland's boys 
and girls the impress of her strong char- 
acter. Miss Pinneo now resides at 
Kingston, in this state, where she has a 
position of i.riportance in the city 
schools. Our first secretary was Verne 
St. John. He was, until recently, living 
in Livingston county, has married, and 
divides his time about equally between 
his duties in the school-room and try- 
ing to keep out of jail for thrashing un- 
ruly students. 

The first treasurer of the Club was 
this writer, who is still here as a living 
proof that he did not abscond with the 
Club's finances. 

The first regular program was ren- 
dered at the meeting held March 4, 
1890, and from that time to the present 
the meetings have raiely been interrupt- 
ed, excepting during the usual summer 

Wayland at the time of the organiza- 
tion of this society was a very different 
village from the Wayland of to-day. 
Indeed, there is very little here now to 
remind us of the Wayland of ten years 
ago. With a population of a little over 
seven hundred people, and with a saloon 
for every fifty people here, including 
men, women and children, it really 
wasn't a very fertile soil in which to 
plant a literary society, but it was star- 
ted, has always flourished, and has done 
and is still doing most excellent work. 



It was not, however, our first literary dent of the club one term, and proved 

society, for in 1880, the Wayland Liter- herself to be a very efficient official, 

ary Society was organized, but it was managing the affairs of the society, as 

managed with indifferent success, and she did those of her school-room, with 

finally went the way of all earthly tact and decision. 

things. Mr. H. V. Pratt, the only other presi- 

We have had four presidents besides dent not yet mentioned, held the posi- 

Prof Salisbury. Charles M Jervis was tion longer than any of his predecessors, 

one of them * * * Mr. Julian A. Mor- and this was because of his peculiar fit- 

ris, the present president, is not new to ness for the office of president. I know 

the position, for he held it early in our more about him than any one else, (al- 

history. His loyalty to the society from ways excepting the partner of his joys 

Nij. 8 Water Street. 

its first meeting to this very hour, his 
high standing as a man and a citizen, 
have endeared him to the members of 
the club and our citizens generally, and 
when a complete history of the Lowell 
Club shall be written, it will record the 
fact that the Club's continued success 
has been achieved largely through the 
fidelity to its interests of Mr. Morris 
and his estimable wife. 

Miss Mary K. Harris, the former pre- 
ceptress of the High School, was presi- 

and sorrows, of his likes and dislikei?, 
his desires and ambition.s,) and it is un- 
hesitatingly said that in every relation 
he has borne to the club, either as its' 
official head, or in the ranks, he has 
been a model member. The old law 
office, if it could speak, could tell great 
tales of his plans for the betterment of 
the Lowell Club, most of which were 
adopted and carried into execution. 
Long may he live in active relations 
with the club, and with an earnest sup- 




plication— by way of parenthesis — that 
my constant efforts to reform his abom- 
inable politics may not have been in 

Time forbids reference to other of- 
ficers and members of the club, but it is 
enough to say that our membership has 
been made up of ladies and gentlemen 
who honestly believed that the best 
friendships are to be found among culti- 
vated people, and while our literary ef- 
forts may not have been dazzling in 
their brilliancy, it can be said that our 
essays and debates and papers have had 
a fair degree of literary merit. 

So our first ten years as an organ- 
ization has gone by. It finds us still 
prosperous and vigorous. Our recruits 
have come largely from the teachers, 
most of whom have taken a great inter- 
est in the club, and have without an ex- 
ception been valuable additions to its 
membership. As they have gone and 
come, and the faces are yearly changing, 
the four charter members remaining in 


Wayland, and all others, must ht im- 
pressed with life's changing scenes, its 
ties of manly and womanly friend.ships 
cemented for life or broken at the part- 
ing here, in proportion to the sturdiness 
of our characters. Out of influences 
born in this club during the last ten 
years have been formed associations and 
relations which will last through life. 
In view of that fact, and the general 
good socially as well as intellectually 
here accomplished, it can be said that 
the founders of the Lowell Club builded 
better than they knew. 

As to the future it is not given to me 
to speak, for it can not be known. No 
mortal power can lift the veil, but if a 
wish might be indulged, it would be 
that another ten years might find the 
Lowell Club still living and prosperous. 
That peace and joy and prosperity 
might attend each one of our members 
in whatever clime abiding. That the 
friendships formed within the circle of 
this organization might be more closely 




is from the current number of the Way- 
land Press. 

cemented. That they might be lasting, 
and, finally, that somehow out of the 
influence and association here enjoyed 
we might each be taught, in the passing 
years, the secret, denied to many, of 
really getting the better things out of 
this little life, for after all, life is really 
worth the living, and we can make it, 
God willing, as noble as we choose. 


(Facts Contributed by Mr. H. L. Moora.) 

At the third annual re-union of the 
Champion Hook and Ladder Company, 
held March 7, 1876, Mr. Butler M. 
Morris, addressing the members in be- 
half of the citizens, gave the following 
data concerning the history of the 
organization to that time. The report 

"I am glad to repeat what you al- 
ready know, that the Champion Hook 
and Ladder Company, No. i, of Way- 
land, is not only a pageant on parade, 
but an organization of service in the 
hour of deepest peril. And, gentlemen, 
let me say to you that this company 
should have a large place in our hearts. 
We are glad that they have not had 
much active service in the past, but let 
us not ignore the fact that they have 
spent their time and money to be ready 
for any emergency that may arise. 
They should have our support, our en- 
couragement and co-operation. Speak- 
ing of equipment I am reminded that a 
history of this company since its organ- 
ization would not be out of place at this 
time. It was organized March 7, 1873, 
by making 



H. W. Garnsey, Foreman, 
H. L. Moora, Asst. Foreman, 
John W. Doughty, Secretary, 
C. C. Tinker, Treasurer. 
"In June of that year they bought 
the Hook and Ladder wagon at an ex- 
pense of ;^200, one hundred of which 
was subscribed and paid by the citizens 
of Wayland.and one hundred dollars by 
the cpmpany. 

"In 1874 the following officers were 
elected : '£,«' ■ ' 

N. W. Schubmehl, Foreman, 
H. L. Moora, Asst. Foreman, 
A. L. Overpeck, Secretary. 
H. Schley, Treasurer. 
"In August 1874, they bought thirty 
rubber buckets at an expense of $60.00 
and the company paid for them. 

In 1875, the following officers were 

Henry Schley, President, 

E. M. Fowler, Vice President, ' 
H. L. Moora, Foreman, 

Geo. Schwingle,' Asst. Foreman, 
A. L. Overpeck, Secretary, 
John W. Doughty, Treasurer, 
"On the 19th of January, 1875, they 
bought a fire bell at an expense of 

"In February of that year they built 
an addition to their truck house and 
put a belfry upon it and hung their 
bell at an expense of $33.00. They 
painted and repaired their wagon at a 
cost of $26.55, and bought two speak- 
ing trumpets and paid therefor $10.50. 
"In 1876 the following officers were 
elected : 

Henry Schley, President, 

A. L. Overpeck, Vice President, 

H. L. Moora, Foreman, 

Henry S. Struble,Asst. Foreman, 

F. H. Wood, Secretary, 
Christian Klein, Treasurer. 

"At the organization of this company 
each member, to the number of thirty, 
provided himself with a uniform costing 
$7.21 each, making $216.30. They 
have recently bought thirty helmet caps, 
costing $84.50, and thirty bidges at 
$30. and paid $22.25 for printing the 

by-laws of the company. The com- 
pany is now in good running order, 
ready for duty at a momenf s notice, 
with 28 members in good standing. 
The company is provided with a truck 
house, and a session room, which is 
furnished with stove, chairs,lamps,desks, 
books, etc., the furnishing of which cost 
$36.25, and the annual rent of both 
places costs $27.. 

"The outfit as it now stands has cost, 
in round figures, the sum of $821.76. 

"Now, gentlemen, this history given 
in this brief manner speaks for itself 
They have had, I had almost forgotten 
to say, three alarms of fire and turned 
out to all of them. One at "Kimmel & 
Morris saw mill ; one at the Hess block, 
and one the burning of William Rau- 
ber's barn." 

The company at first kept their truck 
in the barn belonging to Mrs. Rebecca 
Lenhart's place — now Valentine Hem- 
mer's — and used a room in the wing of 
her house for their session room. Lat- 
er they became tenants of Adam Pfaff", 
at what is now the St. James hotel, and, 
in 1 88 1, they built a truck houje on 
lands rented of Bert Chase on East 
Naples street, afterward moving the 
building to a lot purchased on the west 
side of South Main street. This build- 
ing and lot, now occupied by F. A. 
Munn, was sold in 1894 when their 
present building was erected. 

Several years since they purchased a 
handsome new truck, and their equip- 
ment is now unexcelled by any Hook 
and Ladder company is this section 
of the state. 

Their building has cost them nearly 
$7,000 beyond the expense of their 
elaborate furnishings and apparatus. 
This large sum has been raised by sub- 
cription, by assessment and principally 
by entertainments; picnics, dances, fairs, 



Fremont Street. 

It is to the untiring energy of Henry 
L. Moora more than to any one memr 
ber that the success of the organization 
is due, and its prosperity is largely a 
triumph of his zealous and constant 
effort. For twenty-five years, 1874- 
1899, he served as Foreman of the com- 

The original members were : H. W. 
Garnsey, H. L. Moora, J. W. Doughty, 
C. C. Tinker, G. T. Burgess, H. C. 
Bill, J. H. Dodge, H. O. Fay, E. M. 
Fowler, E. C. Grover, C. Klein, H. 
Klein, S. G. Marts, A. L. Overpeck, A. 

E. Overpeck, Julius Peck, G. W. Pope, 
J. C. Redmond, Jno. Rosenkrans, A. 
Sauerbier, H. Schley, J. E. Young, W. 

B. Southwick, H. H. Schumacher, G. 
Klein, P. Yochem, H. Stannarius, R. C. 
Neill, J. Keil, I. White, C. Folts, J. 
Rectenwaldt, J. A. Meyer, N. W. 
Schubmehl, J. W. Lewis, G. C. Young, 
W. F. Adams, G. Schwingle, R Deitch, 

F. O. Redmond, H. Glover, M. Boothe, 

C. Benjamin. 

The present. officers are: 

Nicholas Schu, Jr., President, 

Frank Engel, Vice-President, 
G. C. Young, Foreman, 
P. H. Schu, Assistant Foreman, 
John Kimmel, Recording Secretary, 
S. E. Patchin, Financial Secretary, 
G. E. Whiteman, Treasurer. 

(Facts Contributed by Christian J. Weiermiller.) 

The society of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, which was first organized 
in Illinois, in 1866, for the purpose of 
maintaining by civil action what had 
been accomplished by force of arms, 
proved a most popular movement among 
those elegible to its membership, and 
its spirit speedily spread throughout the 
land. Posts being formed with remarka- 
ble rapidity, until the great mass of vet- 
erans were enrolled under its banners. 

On November 21, 1882, the old 
soldiers of the village and vicinity of 
Wayland received the Charter for the 
Theodore Schlick Post, No. 314. It 
named in honorable memory of 





Major Theodore N. Schlick of Bath, 
who had enhsted as Major of the 23d 
New York Infantry April 30, 1861, and 
was promoted to Major of the 22nd 
New York Gavalty, and was killed at 
Kerneysville, Va., August 22, 1864, 
Bequeathing to his county a record of 
faithful service and able command. 

The original members named in the 
Charter were : Christian J. Weiermiller, 
William Schutz, Valentine Kurtz, Milton 
Koons, J. Nicholas Bill, Henry Weier- 
miller, Edgar Clark, George Adam Sel- 
big, Ebenezer M. Robinson, George 
Young, Melvin M. Smith, Erastus Wel- 
lington, Nicholas Wolfariger. 

During the 28 years of its existence 
the Post has enrolled a total of ninety- 
fline-members, of whom twenty-two 
have answered the final reveille. The 
observance of Memorial Day has been 
sedulously kept, and the gentle relief of 

comrades, and of the families of deceased 
comrades, which forms such a noble 
part of the work of the organization, 
has never been permitted to falter. 

The regular business meetings occur 
on the first Friday evening of each' 
month. Following are the officers at 
the present time : 
Albert Sauerbier, Commander, 
Chauncey S. Aveiy, Sen. Vice-Com'dr. 
Albert D. Curtis, Junior 
James H. Totten, Chaplain, 
George Conrad, Surgeon, 
Ernest Knauer, Quartermaster, 
George Marts, Officer of the Day, 
Christian J. Weiermiller, Adjutant, 
Sylvester Fisher, Sergeant Master, 
George Fox, Quartermaster, Sergeant. 

(Facts Contributed by Charles J. Rauber.) 

The late Rt. Rev. S.V. Ryan, Bishop 
of Buffalo, is affectionately regarded as 


of the Catholic Mutual but the constitutional number of mem- 

the "Father' 
^eiiefit Association by Jhe mem-be-rs of 
th^t society, the organization being the 
out-growth of his suggestion. Its object 
i$ to 9.ffor4 its members the inestimable 
Jjpnefits of life insurance at the lowest 
cost consistent with safe financiering, to 
be paid in easy instalments, and beyond 
protection to those dependent on its 
ipembers it also affor4s the advantage^ 
of a fraternal organization. 

The Association was organized in 

bers, it has attained a membership of 
forty-five, and during its fourteen years 
of existence has not had a death in its 
ranks. (Since Jan. i, 1 901, has occurred 
the death of Frank Poch, and the mem- 
bership has since increased to 84.) 

The meetings are held on the second 
and fourth Thursdays of each month. 
The present officers are : 

Martin Kimmel, Jr., President, 

Philip N. Conrad, First Vice-President, 

No. 78 W. Naples Street 

1876, and incorporated under the New 
York State law in 1879. On January 
I, 1901, it had about 55, 000 members, 
and during the twenty-five years of its 
existence had paid to the beneficiaries 
of its deceased members nearly $10,- 

The Wayland Branch, No. xoi, was 
organized in March, 1887, under the 
pastorate and through the efforts of the 
^ev. Joseph Fischer. Beginning with 

John'^Kramer,^ 'Second Vice-President, 

Charles J. Rauber, Recording Secretary, 

John Wolff, Assistant 

John Kimmel, Financial Secretary, 

Anthon Wolff, Treasurer. 

John F. Kiel, Marshall, 

Daniel Honan, Guard, 

Daniel Tiemey, ^ 

John Vogt, Sr., | 

Anthon Wolff, |> Trustees. 

John Kimmel, ( 

George Nold. J 



WAYLAND LODGE, NO. 1 76, I. O. O. F. 
(Contributed by Hon. W. W. Clark.) 

Wayland Lodge No. 1 76 I. O. O. F. 
was organized and instituted on the 
evening of December 21st, 1888, and 
was the pioneer secret organization in 
the town of Wayland. For a long time 
before the actual institution of a lodge 
of Odd Fellows in Wayland, there had 
been a very general desire among the 
men of the village to have such an 

Bu;inell, of Dansville, assisted by Odd 
Fellows from Dansville, Bath, Corning, 
and other towns in the vicinity. Dr. 
Henry A. Whitfield was installed that 
night as the first Noble Grand of the 
Lodge, and William W. Clark as the 
first Vice Grand. The lodge has been 
strong and helpful to its members from 
the start. It was organized with an 
idea of making it so good in all respects 
that men would voluntarily seek its ad- 
vantages, and it has never been its 

S. Main 

organization, but to the late Edwin 
Goodno belongs the chief credit of 
organizing a lodge of Odd Fellows in 
our village. He had long been a mem- 
ber of the famous Canaseraga Lodge 
I. O. O. F., of Dansville, and on mov- 
ing to Wayland in the eighties had 
missed his lodge home, and was never 
content until the Odd Fello^ys were 
established in Wayland. 

The lodge was instituted under the 
direction of Past Grand Master, A. O. 


policy to solicit candidates for member- 

The principles of the order of Odd 
Fellowship have been many times illus- 
trated by acts of brotherly kindness on 
the part of members of the local lodge 
to brothers in distress, and the members 
of Wayland Lodge are proud of its 
record and standing in secret society 

It has commodious and attractive 
rooms in the Bryant Building, whefe it 


and its membership from that time on was due largely to 

was instituted, 
averages about sixtv-five, and it has no 
indebtedness. It was never more pros- 
perous, or better beloved by its mem- 
bers than it is to-day, and the future 
looks bright indeed, for its purpose is 
not to excel in mere numbers, but to 
be an abiding source of helpfulness to 
those who seek its fraternal advantages, 
and thus to become one of the valued 
institutions of the village. 

Following is a list of the Charter 
members of the Lodge : 
Henry A. Whitfield, Y'^illiatn W. Clark 

Eugene S. Arnold, 
William H. Green, 
Charles M. Jervis, 
John A. Rosenkrans, 
James .E. Showers, 
Valentine JCausch, Jr. 
John A. Schwingle, 

John H. Cooney, 
Richard C. Neill, 
Wilbur F. Adams, 
Everett M. Fowler, 
Edwin Goodno 
Geo. E. Whiteman, 

WAYLAND TENT, NO. 220, K. O. T. M. 
Contributed by Dr. George M . Peabody . 

Wayland Tent, No. 220, Knights of 
the Maccabees was organized June 9th, 
1893, with William H. Green as Past 
Commander ; George E. Whiteman, 
Commander; Peter H. Zimmerman, 
Lieut Commander ; Henry V. Pratt, 
Record Keeper. The tent started with 
a membership of sixteen, and not until 
the summer of 1897 did the member- 
ship increase. At that time Deputy 
Great Commander Morse, of Auburn, 
N. Y., came to Wayland to revive the 
Tent to renewed action, and to give 
instruction in the new degree work. 

Deputy Morse was very successful in 
his efforts, and raised the membership 
to over thirty, since which time the 
Tent has steadily grown until at present 
it numbers over one hundred, being the 
largest organization in town. 

At the time of Deputy Morse's visit, 
P. H. Zimmerman was chosen Comman- 
der, and the rapid growth of the Tent 

his earnest and efficient work in that 
office, which he held for five years. 

In 1900, Grant S. Davis was chosen 
Commander, and during his administra- 
tion the Tent more than doubled its 

At the beginning of 1901 Mr. Davis 
refused a re-election, and Dr. George 
M. Peabody was chosen Commander, 
William A. Sauerbier, Lieut, Comman- 
der and Charles J. Rauber, Record 

This article would not be complete 
without mention of Maynard H. Rosen- 
krans, who has served the Order as 
Record Keeper for several years faith- 

The K. O. T. M. protects its Life 
Benefit members on the payment of a 
small graded monthly assessment, to 
the amount of from ^500 to ;^2,ooo, 
payable at death in full, or, on proof of 
total disability, payable in ten annual 
payments. A Sick and Accident Bene- 
fit is also a feature of the K. O. T. M., 
as many grateful Maccabees in Wayland 
can testify. 

With the Stars for our Tent, and the 
Deity our Light, we hope to grow and 
prosper in the land, and we are ready 
to welcome within our gates men of 
Good Will. 

(Facts Contributed by Albert Bartholomew.) 

Nahuas Tribe, No. 379, of the order 
of Red Men was organized February 2, 
1898, with the following Charter mem- 
bers : 

Harry S. Peters 
George Lake 
Murray C. Hayward 
Frank Engle 
Douglass Lerch 
Mark L. Granger 
Edward P. Klein 

George E. Smith 
James C. Dorr 
Philip N. Conrad 
William H. Deitzel 
Peter Engel 
Elbert Merrill 
Grant Wright 


Christain Klein 

Syd Kimball 

Gordon M. Patchin 

Salem Marsh 

Martin W. Snyder 

Jacob B. Whiteman 

John C. Magee 

Ernest Knauer 

E. Byrd Miller 

William H. Simmons 

Joseph A. Nold 

William Alf 

William Perault 
Frank D. Pursel 
Bert Goodno 
S. Bronson Young 
William W. Clark 
Frank C. Krug 
Albert Bartholomew 
George C. Young 
George E. Whiteman 
George C. Walling 
Andrew C. Shaver 
William C. Johnson 
Ray Middick 
Edwin Tyler 
Frederick Kuhn 
William H. Green' 
Frank J. Schu 
Elmer E. Persons 


A. J. McDowell 
John Kimmel 
Leon C. Tinker 
S. Sillenbeck 
Rev. John M. King 
Martin Kimmel, Jr. 
Peter H. Zimmerman 
Doras Kimball 
John F. Kiel 
Fred C. Lander 
Frank K. Smith 
Glen D. Abrams 
Alva A. Piatt 
Ell Bigelow 
Frank J. Raufenbarth 
Charles A. Kellogg 
Charles H. Richards 
George H. Stannarius 
Michael G. Karagan 
George L. Robinson 
Merritt H. Baker 
John J. Schmidt 
John Kuhn 
Delbert Bartholomew, 
William Youse 
Nicholas Schu, Jr. 
Murray M. Totten 
Christian J. Fox 
Wiley W. Capron 

The present officers are : 
Sachem, George C. Young, 
Prophet, Murray M. Totten, 
Senior Sagamore, John Kuhn, 
Junior Sagamore, Douglas Lerch. 

Past Sachems, Gordon M. Patchin, 
Peter H. Zimmerman, Albert Bartholo- 
mew, Doras Kimball, Murray M. Tot-; 
ten, Ernest Knauer. 

Albert Bartholomew is the present 
District Deputy for the second district 
of Steuben county. 

(Contributed by Dr. Bertram J. Baker.) 


Wayland Lodge, No. 436, of the An- 
cient Order of United Workmen was 
organized November 30, 1900, by 
Special Deputy, William McWhorter, 
with a Charter list of twenty members. 
The officers elected were : 

Past Master Workman,James C. Dorr, 
Master Workman, Bertram J. Baker, 
Foreman, William S. Caywood, 
Overseer, William A. Rowley, 
Financier, William H. Clark, 
Receiver, William A. Sauerbier. 
Wayland Lodge meets the second 
and fourth Monday evenings of each 
month in Odd Fellows' Hall. 

WE Wuri-AHD. 

Music Arkahobd by Miss Pf 


\. Harkjliaik! the gospel trumpet souodSiTbro'eartli and beav'o the echo boands; Fardonand peace by Jesus' blood! Sinners are re-concil-ed to God, By graced! 

2. Come,8inncts,hear Ihcjoy-ful news, Hor longer dare the grace refuse ; Mer - cy and jus-t!ce here corn-bine, Goodness and truth harmonious join, 'T in-vite you 

3. le saints in glo-ry, strike the lyre; temortalS|Catcb the sacred fire; let both the Saviour's love proclaim — For-ev-er wor-thy isthe lamb Of end-less p 

I 1 

Tune from which Wayland was named. 




t kl k\ ^ r^ 5^ 
























































awa a 



Note :— (i) The building of the Railroad, 185 1-5 2. (2) The building of Mes. 
T. Millen & Son's Cement Factory, 1892. (3) The building of Cyphers' Incu 
tor Factory, 1 897. 

Year 1850 i860 1870 1880 1890 1900 

Population- of Village * 60 * 200 * 388 605 679 1,307 

Population of Town 

less that of Village 2,007 2,609 2,164 1.986 1,655 1,677 

* Estimated. 




X B. 



Assessed Per Tax Poll lax Total 
Year Valuation Capita Population Rate Tax Raised Expense 
Wealth For Year 

1880 ;^iio,ioo ;$i82 605 .0025 |!i30 $ 406.50 $ 406.50 

1890 137.15s 202 679 .0025 93 438.76 438.76 

1900 530.231 897 1,307 .005 337 2,988.16 3,588.16* 

♦Deficit ;^6oo. 



The following Wayland boys have served in the recent war with Spain. 

Frazer, David, private, loth U. S. Inf, Co. F. ; enl. April 22,1897 ; disch. April 
22, 1900. At seige of Santiago June 1-25, 1898, and San Juan Hill July i, 1898. 

Schmidtz, John J., private, 9th U. S. Inf, Co. A; enl. Dec. 21, 1898. Served 
in Phillipines, now in China. 

Thornton, Charles L., private, 19th U. S. Inf, Co. B ; enl. May 25, 1899.; 
disch. Feb. 1900, disability. Served in Phillipines. 

Alf, William, private, Bat. O ; U. S. A. Stationed at Fort Riley, Kans. 





Town Clerks 



John Hess 

Samuel W. Epley 

Jonas B. Day 


tt (> 

Henry A. Weed 

Jacob McDowell 




f 1 It 


Daniel Poor 

Asahel McDowell 

Jonas B. Day 


John Hess 

Am'y K. Parmenter 

Aaron Saxton 


David Poor 

C. P. Whitman 

If II 


Myron M. Patchin 

Guy B. Bennett 



John Hess 

Solomon F. Hess 



" " 

II If 

Gilbert Totten 


" '• 

Dexter S. Jolly 

(1 11 


James G. Bennett 

If II 

It it 


11 ti 

If II 

11 II 


It II 

Solomon F. Hess 

II It 


11 II 

Dexter S. Jolly 

Ira B. Pierce 


II (1 

Nicholas Zimmerman 

John Miller 


Cl II 

II If 



James P. Clark 


James Redmond 


It It 

II If 

John Miller 


James G. Bennett 

Geo. W. Morehouse 

Charles Thompson 


James P. Clark 

H. S. Rosenkrans 

Isaac W. Secor 


ames Redmond 

John E. Adams 

Adolph Werdein 


i. A. Avery 

ft II 

11 1 1 


James Redmond 

Henry B. Rice 

Peter Didas 


If II 

Nicholas Zimmerman 

Harris Curtis 


Martin Kimmel 

John E. Adams 

John P. Miller 


II i( 

Henry Schley 

N. W. Schubmehl 


Jacob Morsch 

ft II 

John P. Miller 


James G. Bennett 

Adalbert W. Moon 

Adolph Werdein 



Valentine Hoffman 

Char es Thompson 


F. E. Holiday 

George Folts 

Nicholas Walker 


John M. Folts 

H (( 

Peter Didas, Jr. 


Martin Kimmel 

It 11 



i< i< 

" " 



Geo. E. Whiteman 

(E (t 



(( (( 



H. S. Rosenkrans 

George Nold 

Urban Didas 


tt It 

i I 1 ( 

It (1 


John P. Morsch 

William H. Bill 

Henry H. Robinson 

1887. : 

" " 

Valentine Kausch, Jr. 

1 1 II 


Andrew A. Granger 


John Lander 


Wilbur W. Capron 

Albert G. Bennett 

■' If 


Jacob B. Whiteman 

John Kimmel 

W. Fred Kiel 


II ti 

It K 



II ii 

(1 11 

Christian Miller 


H. S. Rosenkrans 

George Nold 

II If 


John P. Morsch 

ti (( 

H. H. Schumacher 


f . 11 

i« (< 

It It 


Jacob B. Whiteman 

11 1 1 

William C. Folts 


ti II 

>i it 

Benj. Gottschall 


William H. Green 

• t 1 1 

Jesse W. Fuller 


i( (( 

II 11 

Stephen Maker 


(( i( 

Ii 11 

George J. Bill 


Myron M. Patchin 
Amos Knowlton 
Chauncey Moore 
Gardiner Pierce 
II ti 

Myron M. Patchin 
James G. Bennett 
Melvin D. Strickland 

1853 Sylvester Holhday 

1854 Myron M. Patchin 

1855 James G. Bennett 

1856 Melvin D. Strickland 

1857 Myron, M. Patchin 
Sylvester Holliday 

1858 Melvin D. Strickland 
Nicholas Zimmerman 



1859 John H. Carpenter 
N. J. Somers 



Tames H. Begole 
James E. Adams 




Nicholas Zimmerman 



H. S. Rosenlcrans 



William R. Hill 

4. IJU^ 



Nicholas Zimmerman 



James E. Adams 



H. S. Rosenkrans 



Aaron Saxton 




William Schutz 



James E. Adams 


Nicholas Zimmerman 


Franklin E. Holliday 


Peter Didas 



James F. Wood 


Nicholas Zimmerman 




Franklin E. Holliday 


Peter Didas 



H. S. Rosenkrans 


Harvey B Rice 


James F, Wood 



Franklin E. Holliday 




John Hess 



James G. Bennett 



Dexter S. Jolly 



Benjamin B. Hess 



Solomon F. Hess 



Thomas A. Abrams 



William Northrup 


Peter Didas 
William Schutz 
H. S. Rosenkrans 
James F. Wood 
Franklin E. Holliday 
Peter Didas 
William H, Green 
Peter H. Zimmerman 

Peter Didas, Jr. 

Jacob Werdem 

William Schutz 

Peter H. Zimmerman 

Peter Didas, Jr. 

H. S. Rosenkrans 
It .1 

William Schutz 
Peter H. Zimmerman 
Peter Didas, Jr. 
H. S, Rosenkrans 
William Schutz 
Peter H. Zimmerman 
Seigle B. Dudley 
Peter Didas, Jr. 
Lee Verne Rosenkrans 

Henry Schley 
Henry W. Garnsey 
Wilbur W. Capron 
William H. Green 
Charles M. Jervis 
John Kimmel 
Peter H. Zimmerman 

1877 H. S. Rosenkrans 



Guy B. Bennett 
Norton N. St. John 
Henry Schley 

Charles C. Tinker 

1878 (i) " 

Norton N. St John 
Henry Schley 
Guy B. Bennett 

1879 Butler M. Morris 

Guy B. Bennett 
R. Charles Neill 
Josiah Gray 


a << 

R. Charles Neill 

Josiah Gray 

James' E. Showers (i) 

1 88 1 Norton N. St. John 

James E. Showers 
Charles F. Hann 
Nicholas Rauber 



1882 Norton N. St. John 

1883 William Flora 

1884 Norton N. St John 

Charles F. Hann (2) 
Nicholas Rauber 
Samuel Overpeck 

Samuel Overpeck 
James G. Bennett 
Addison L. Morley 

James G. Bennett 
Addison L. Morley 
Nicholas Rauber 

Charles C. Tinker 

ti a 

Nicholas Schu, Jr. 

1885 William Flora 


ii it 

1887 Norton N. St. John 

Nicholas Rauber 
R Charles Neill 
Walter Bryant 

R. Charles Neill 
Walter Biyant 
Josiah Gray 

Josiah Gray 
Burton J. Scott 
H. S. Rosenkrans 

(t (( 

ti (( 

Julian A. Morris 

1888 C. J. Weiermiller 

Burton J. Scott 
H. S. Rosenkrans 
Nicholas Rauber 

Charles C. Tinker 


a it 

Nicholas Rauber 
Burton J. Scott 
H. S. Rosenkrans 

1890 Juhan A. Morris 

Burton J. Scott 
H. S. Rosenkrans 
Nicholas Rauber 

t ( (( 

1 89 1 Norton N. St. John (3) 

1892 Isaac W. Secor 

1893 Norton N. St. John 

1894 George E. Whiteman 

Nicholas Rauber 
Frank Kester 
Daniel Tierney (4) 

Frank Kester 
William Flora 
Frank K. Smith (5) 

H. S. Rosenkrans 
Frank Kester 
Wilbur W. Capron 

Frank Kester 
Wilbur W. Capron 
Valentine Kausch, Jr. 

Peter H. Zimmerman 


1895 George E. Whiteman Valentine Kausch, Jr. 

Frank Kester 
Wiley W. Capron 

Frank Kester 
Wiley W. Capron 
William H. Deitzel 

William H. Deitzel 
George E Whiteman 
Seigle B. Dudley 

George E. Whiteman John A. Bennett 

George Nold 


Peter H. Zimmerman 

1896 Frank K.. Smith 

1897 " " 


Charles M Jervis (6) 

William H Deitzel 

Martin W. Snyder 

1900 George E. Whiteman 

John A. Bennett 
Wesley R Guile 
John J Morris 
Ernest Knauer 

John J Morris 
Ernest Knauer 
George M Peabody 
Frederick Lander 

Nicholas Schu, Jr. 



George W. Morehouse 


Charles H. Fowler 


Charles F. Hann 


it li 


William R. Bergin 


Christian C. Bill 


Nicholas Schu. Jr. 


Peter H. Zimmerman 


Aaron Gross 


ii it 


ti It 


a t( 


it it 


William H. Deitzel 


11 ii 


Albert Sauerbier 


(( t( 


Frank K. Smith 


ii ii 


John Kimmel 


it ii 


n n 


ti ii 


it ii 

Torrey S. Beeman 
Alanson P. Southwick 
John Weed 
Anthon Wolff 

it it 

Daniel M. Mitchell 

Henry H. Schumacher 
ti it 

Nicholas Schu 
S. Brownson Young 
Alanson P Southwick 
Jacob Schumacher 
Alanson P Southwick 

John Bowers 

it ti 

James E Showers 
John M Ryder 
John Robinson 
S Brownson Young 
Isaac Staley 
John M Ryder 
Philip N Conrad 
Marvin Finch 
Frank D Pursel 

1. Election by lot as rfsult of a tie vote. 

2. C. F. Hann resigned, J. G. Bennett appointed. 

3. N. N. St. John resigned, I. W. Seoor appointed. 

4. Daniel Tierney resigned, William Flora appointed. 

5. F. K. Smith resigned, H. S. Rosenkrans appointed. 

6. CM. Jervis resigned, E. P. Klein appoitlfed. 




Abrams, Thomas A. 
Avery, Lucius A. 
Avery, Chauncey 
Abrams, Truman E. 
Abrams, Almond J. 
Albright, Matthias 
Austin, Timothy 
Avery, Simon 
Adams, James E. 
Avery, Chauncey S. 
Abrams, Solomon R. 
Ashley, Lurendus 
Am.os, Robert 
Brown, George 
Bennett, Chauncey 
Bennett, G. 
Bauer, Nicholas 
Brownson, David 
Bricks, Stephen 
Bill, John G. 
Bauer, Valentine 
Barnum, Darius 
Barnard, Daniel 
Briggs, Spencer 
Braunschweig, Philip 
Ball, Jeremiah M. 
Begole, James H. 
Brownson, Elisha 
Bill, Conrad 
Bill, Christian 
Brown, Benjam,in 
Bill, George C. 
Braunschweig, Jacob 
Bill, John C. 
Bill, Nicholas 
Boothe, William W. 
Bricks, Anthony 
Boothe, John 
Bennett, Daniel C. 
Beyer, Christian 
Brownson, Elisha, Jr. 
Baltis, John 
Bill, John 
Bill, John N. 
Brownson, Edwin 
Bartholomew, Jacob 
Baltis, Valentine 
Brayton, Anson F. 
Bricks, John 
Brownell, George 
Barnhart, Stofifle 
Bordman, William 
Brown, David 
Brownson, James 
Blodgett, Hiram 
Bittinger, Charles 
Boothe, Jessie 
Bush, John 
Brewer, Clark 
Boothe, Riley 
Beck, George 
Brown, Phineas 
Bill, Henry 
Burke, Peter 
Brown, William J. 

Beecher, William H. 
Boothe, Madison 
Baker, William 
Brown, James 
Carlton, Osgood W. 
Carlton, Osgood W., Jr. 
Carlton, James 
Conrad, Henry 
Clark, James P. 
Curtis, Harris 
Chase, Ira W. 
Clawson, David 
Conoley, Minor S. 
Cooley, Henry L. 
Conrad, Charles 
Campbell, Sylvester 
Carter, Henry A. 
Clawson, Lyman 
Clawson, Abram 
Conrad, Philip, Jr. 
Conrad, Christian 
Conrad, Adam. 
Come, Reuben 
Clawson, Reuben 
Cooley, Martin H. 
Cobin, Nathaniel 
Carpenter, John H. 
Cornelius, Lorenzo 
Curtis, Albert D. 
Clymore, John 
Conrad, John 
Carlton, David 
Conoley, Francis 
Dudley, Isaiah B. 
Deitzel, Charles 
Dalton, Patrick 
Day, Frankhn E. 
Dildine, Sampson L. 
Dye, Ethan 
Doughty, Wesley 
Didas, Sebastian 
Drum, Nicholas 
Doughty, Joshua G. 
Drehmer, John J. 
Didas, Peter 
Drehmer, David 
Drum, Jacob 
Day, Orleans W. 
Dye, Martin V. 
Dye, Henry 
Decker, Frederick 
Ducan, Levi 
Drum, John 
Endler, Michael 
English, Luke W. 
Everingham, Charles W. 
Eplin, Peter 
Easterbrook, Stephen 
Eich, Jacob 
Engel. Peter 
Ellis, Moses 
£ichorn, Christopher 
Eader, Francis 
Ebersoldt, P-eter 
Earles, William 

Ellis, Leroy 
Fronk, Joseph 
Fox, Adam 
Fuller, Chester 
Fox, Christian 
Fox, George 
Fogle, John 
Folts, Charles 
Fox, John C, 
Fox, Jacob 
Fronk, Jacob 
Fox, John C. 
Folts, George 
Fleischauer, Charles 
French, John 
Federkiel, Peter 
Federkiel, Nicholas 
Folts, John (third) 
Fish, David 
Fish, Hosea 
Fox, Henry 
Folts, Jacob 
Folts, Michael 
Federkiel, John 
Folts, Nicholas 
Flanders. George 
Farnsworth, Henry S. 
Fox, Charles C. 
Fuller, Richard 
Fogle, Valentine 
Gray, Josiah 
Glover, Thomas 
Gross, F. Ernst 
Glover, Henry A. 
Gross, George 
Granger, Gideon S. 
Gessner, John 
Gross, Joseph 
Glover, George 
Grief, Joseph 
Gottichall, Christian 
Gottschall, August 
Glover, Gilbert 
Glover, Jacob 
Glover, John 
Gardiner, Francis M. 
Granger, Andrew A. 
Gurgin, Peter 
Green, Frederick 
Gray, John L. 
Gardner, Henry B. 
Gueis, Matthias 
Gessner, Peter 
Gabler, Jacob 
Gladding. George W. 
Godfrey, George A. 
Gabler, Christian 
Holliday, Amos 
Hiles, Jeremiah 
Hartfuss, Henry 
Hecox, Chester 
Hoffman, Casper 
Hoffman, Nicholas 
Haiyward, James H. 
Hawk, Henry 



Hoffman, Jose;ph 
Huff, James D. 
Herrick, David 
Hicks, John R. 
Holliday, Franklin E. 
Herron, John E. 
Hill, William R. 
Hess, Hiram C. 
Holliday, Sylvester 
Herron, Theodore 
Hicks, Jacob 
Halter, Soloman 
Hagadone, Ebenezer 
Hess, Benjamin B. 
Holzer, Francis 
Holzer, Peter 
Haas, John 
Hartz, Christian 
Hann, William 
Holliday, Melvin 
Hemmer, Peter 
Hill, DeWitt W. 
Herbel, George 
Holyman, Alvis 
Henkle, Jacob 
Herbel, August 
Hull, Wakeman H. 
Hartman, Abraham 
Hoag, Nathan 
Hopkins, Byron N. 
Hann, George 
Hartwell, George 
Harvey, Frederick 
Hutter, Joseph 
Henderson, Matthias 
Hoag, Perry 
Hess, Alfred M. 
Hamlin, Timothy E. 
Ingraham, Alfred 
Ingraham, Geo. S. 
Ingraham, Byron 
Jenks, Richard 
Jenks, Dixon 
Johnson, Nathaniel 
Johnson, William 
Jacobs, Joseph 
Jacobs, Peter 
Jolly, Thomas 
Jacobs, Moses 
Kurtz, Christian 
Kester, Ira 
Kuhn, Peter 
Kester, Tunis 
Klein, Valentine 
Kimball, Sylvester 
Kimmel, Martin 
Kimball, Isaac S. 
Kimball, Daniel F. 
Karacher, William B. 
Klein, Peter 
Kramer, l^evi Y. 
Kingsley, Joseph 
Kausch, Valentine 
Kuhn, Jacob 
Kimball, Stephen 
Kuhn, William 
Kellogg, Seth W. 
Kausch, Reuben 
Kling, Conrad 
Klein, Nicholas 
Klein, Christian 
Krine, Christian 

Krine, John 
Krine, Andrew 
Kaiser, Joseph K. 
Kimball, Lewis 
Kruch ten, Matthias 
Lander, Jacob 
Luhn, Adam 
Loveland, Albert 
Loveland, William 
Liesman, Jacob 
Lane, John 
Loveland, Henry H, 
Lane, Samuel 
Lane, John, Jr. 
Malter, Nicholas 
Miller, John G. 
McDowell, Jacob 
Miller, Peter, 
Miller, Conrad 
Malter Jacob 
Miller, Peter 
Moose, Joel 
Milliman, Ira 
Moon, Reynolds 
Morehouse, Daniel 
Miller, Melvin 
Miller, George 
Morsch, Nicholas 
Miller, John 
Morsch, Peter 
Morsch, Michael 
Malter, Nicholas, Jr. 
Miller, Jacob 
Miller, John 
Miller, Joseph 
Moore, Chauncey 
McDowell, Ashael 
Maston, John P. 
Mehlenbacher, Conrad 
Mills, David, C. 
Miller, Francis J. 
Miller, John A. 
Mathers, Thomas C. 
Mehlenbacher, Lewis 
Madison, John 
Moulton, Richard 
Muntz, John 
Mehlenbacher, Stoffle 

Marts, Daniel 

Mann, Artemus 

Mehlenbacher, Lewis 

Mehlenbacher, Charles 

Mather, Ezra 

Mintnick. Martin 

Marvin. Aloert C. 

Morley, Harmenus H. 

Mathers, Agustus 

Miller, Nicholas 

Munding, John 

Mann, Daniel D. 

Milliman, Ezra 

Milliman, Andrew 

Morsch, Jacob 

Mehlenbacher, Christian 

Miller, John P. 

Martin, Wesley 

Masters, Julius 

Newman, Ashbury 

Newman, Peter 

Newton, Seymore 

Nihisle, Christian 

Newman, William 

Northrup, William 
New, Adam 
New, Frederick 
New, Adam, Jr. 
Neice, Jacob 
Overpeck, Samuel 
Patchin, Myron M. 
Parmenter, Amory K. 
Poor, Moses, Jr 
Perkins, James R. 
Pierce, Allen 
Poor, Moses 
Parmenter, Adin 
Patchin, Ira 
Parsons, Sanford 
Patchin, Warren, Jr. 
Patchin, Warren 
Pierce, Ira W. 
Poor, David 
Patchin, Robert M. 
Polster, John G. 
Patchin, Cameron 
Pintchin, Abner 
Pfaff, PJiilip G. 
Pfaff, Philip 
Pfaff, Isaac L. 
Pierce, Harrison G. 
Redmond, James 
Rosenkrans, Williani 
Rauber, Wi-lliam 
Rice, Thomas B. 
Rider, Wendell 
Rauber, John 
Rectenwaldt, Conrad 
Ritz, John 

Rosen Krans, Hamilton 
Rides, James 
Rider, Michael 
Rectenwaldt, Henry 
Ritz, John 
Rauber. Nicholas 
Robinson, Ebenezer M. 
Rowe, Peter 
Richard, John 
Rectenwaldt, John 
Rowe, Henry 
Rice, Seth 
Rowe, Joseph 
Rauber, Nicholas Jr.. 
Ritz, Christian 
Rauber, Nicholas 
Richard, Godfrey 
Rauber John 
Schultz, Andrew, 
Stark, Thomas 1-. 
Samhammer, George 
Snyder, Archibald 
Seely, William 
Strickland, Melvin D. 
Schumacher, Benjamin, Jr. 
Shaver. Enoch 
Stone, Robert R. 
Shutt, Gideon 
Shaver, Peter 
Smith, Thomas, Jr. 
Shafer, Lewis 
Steinhardt, Henry 
Schwingle, Jacob 
Stein, Francis 
Secor. Joseph S. 
Schwingle, Philip 
Smith, Jacob 

1 66 

Shaffer, John 
Smith, Jacob, Jr. 
Schwingle, Philip 
Showers, William 
Simon, George N. 
Schleir, John 
Smith, Wendel 
Showers, James E. 
Sanjord, Sylvester 
Schwingle, Conrad 
Schwingle, John A . 
Schutz, Daniel 
Schumacher, Michael 
Sick, Francis 
Showers, William 
Saxton, Aaron 
Schleir, George 
Sutton, Henry W. 
Snyder, Reuben 
Sick, Philip 
Smith, Samuel G. 
Shutt, Charles 
Schwingle, George 
Schumacher, Benjamin 
Salinger, Edward 
Secor, Isaac W. 
Schaff, Matthias 
Schraeder, John 
Shaver, Stephen 
Southwick, Alanson P. 
Sommers, Nicholas Jr. 
Sommers, James 
Sick, Jacob 
Simon, Joseph 
Schu, Nicholas 
Staub, Francis 
Sweitzer, Jacob 
Sedgwick, Joseph C. 
Sedgwick, Albert S. 
Sedgwick, Charles C. 
Smith, Nicholas 
Shoemaker, John 
Smith, Peter 
Schwingle, Jacob 
Smith, Nicholas 
Sutton, William R. 
Steinhardt, Jacob, Jr. 
Snyder, Jacob 
Schumacher, Matthias 


Shell, Franklin 

Schuster, George M. 

Short, Barney W. 

Sutton, Joseph 

Slayton, Roswell H. 

Slayton, Roswell 

Steinhardt, Jacob 

Sick, Philip, (Second) 

Smeltzer, Conrad 

Thompson, Charles 

Totten, Gilbert 

Totten, James 

Thielges, John 

Thompson, John A. 

Thorp, Andrew 

Thielges, Matthias 

Thompson, John H. 

Tompkins, Levi H. 

Tichenor, Lewis 

Tisdale, Lewis 

Tichenor, Lewis. Jr. 

Tompkins, Fortunatus 

Taggart, Washington 

Theobold, Peter 

Thorp, William H. 

Tompkins, Lorenzo W. 

Tompkins, William 

Thielges, Thomas 

Thompson, Thomas C. 

Thompson, Joshua 

Tiffany, Charles 

Townsend, Jacob 

Townsend, Charles 

Terry Alvin 

Totten, Andrew 

Vett, Peter 

Van Vaulkenburg, William H. 

Van Vaulkenburg, Edward 

Vogt, Adam 

Van Riper, William 

Wood, Walter 

Waldron, Garrett 

Whiteman, Samuel S. 

Wolff, Valentine 

Webster, Alanson 

Westerman, Frederick 

Whitman, Orrin G. 

Whitman, George 

Wiandt, Jacob 

Wagoner, Lewis 
Wilson, James A. 
Whitman, Augustus 
Wheeler, Lemuel 
Wentworth, Joseph 
WoU, Jacob 
Wilson, James 
Warner, Norman 
Whitman, Samuel 
Warring, Joseph 
Werdein, Jacob 
Wentworth, Edward 
Werdein, Adolphus 
Werdein, William 
Wolfanger, John J. 
Weiermiller, Nicholas 
Whiteman, Edward 
Winchcomb, John 
Weiermiller, Jacob 
Weinhart, John U. 
Wiandt, Nicholas 
Wearkley, Jacob 
Weld, John 
Warner, John B. 
Werner, Joseph 
Welton, H. A. 
Werkle, Peter 
West, Anson T. 
Werth, John 
Welton, James 
Wilson, George 
Waite, Reuben V. 
Waning, Ira 
Wiandt, William, Jr. 
Yohan, Peter 
Yohan, Caspar 
Yochem, John 
Yochem, Peter 
Young, Theodore 
Young, George 
Young, John 
Young, La Fayette 
Yochem,, Nicholas 
Yochem., Christian 
Young, John JN. 
Young, Lester 
Zimmer, Peter 
Zimmer, Philip 
Zimmerman, Nicholas 

Note: — Names in italics were of voters in igoo. 

We the undersigned, composing 
the Board of Registry of Electior 
District No. i, in the Town o) 
Wayland, do certify that the fore 
going is a true list of the voters oi 
said town, so far as the same are 
known to us. 
Dated, October i6, i86i. 

M. D. Strickland, 
David Brownson, 
H. S. Rosenkrans. 



Unexcelled Buffet. 

The Steuben House, 

Cor. Main and Fremont Streets. 

Frank Ungel, Prop'r. 




A. BARTHOLOMEW, Manager Wayland Office. 



Martin Kimmel. 

John Kitnnvel. 

Peter J. Kimmel. 



It is always our aim to have a complete stock of everything in the Hardware line in 
its proper season. We carry nothing but the best that money can buy. Our con- 
stantly increasing trade is ample evidence as to our methods of doing business and 
catering to the wants of the public. 

We give below a brief history of the Hardware firm since its formation, 
twenty years ago : 

In 1881 the firm of Kimmel, Morris & Co., 
was formed, composed of Martin Kimmel, B. 
M. Morris, W. W. Capron, W. W. Clark and 
J. A. Morris. At the end of one year the in- 
terest of W. W. Clark was purchased by B. M. 
and J. A. Morris. In 1885 the interests of W. 
W. Capron and B. M. Morris were purchased 
by M. Kimmel and J. A. Morris, and the busi- 
ness continued under the name of Kimmel & 
Morris. In April 1887, the interest of J. A. 

Morris was purchased by M. Kimmel, who 
continued the business until 1889, when he 
associated with himself John Kimmel, and 
"from that time to 1901 the business was 
conducted under the firm name of M. Kimmel 
& Son. 

In igoi the present firm of M. Kimmel & 
Sons was organized, the members of the firm 
being Martin Kimmel, John Kimmel and 
Peter J. Kimmel. 

We make a specialty of fine Carriages, and everything in the farm implement line in its 
season, and always have a complete stock of everything in the Hardware line. We hope by 
courteous treatment and low prices to merit a continuance of the liberal patronage accorded us. 

Yours very truly, 























Trunks, Bags and Telescopes ^ a* ^ .^ 

^ ^ Window Shades, Room Moulding and 

Wall 'Psi^Q.Y ^ ^ ^ 

Underwear, Hosiery, Blankets and Robes. 

14 E. NAPLES ST., 


Morlcy, Carpenter & Co- 
ir i? tl? Tib t|? i:? 














One price to aW 

^ i^^lk ^ Jl^ ^ ^ 



Christian C. Bill, 

Way land N. Y. 



18 E. Naples St. 


James M. Pursell, 

Jewelry, Silverware, 

Watch Repairing. 







[estab. 1893.] 







When you build don't copy your 
neighbor. My specialty is designs for 
sensible, low-cost houses. 





Dime Saving and 

Loan Association. 

Assets, Dec. 31. 1900. .' $68,403.18 

George Nold, President, 

A. L. Morley, Vice President, 

P. H. Zimmerman, Secretary, 

C. S. Folts, Treasurer. 

Members 200, : Shares 3,352. 


William Flora, George Nold, Peter Cessner, 

Sylvester Dodge C. S. Eolts, A. L. Morley. 

P. n. Zlmmermaa. John Kimmel. 



East Naples Street 

Furniture House 


All kinds of Furniture, Pillows, 

Chair Bottoms, Lawn Swings, 

Window Glass, Etc., Etc. 

Pictare Framing Done to Order. 

Give us a Gall. 


Irauber housoI 

I Rates $1 50 Per Day. | 

I Stocked with best * 

I Wines, Liquors and Cigars. I 

Also agent for the 

I D. M. Osborne & Go., 








Shaffer & Wolff, 


Building Supplies 

Lumber Sawed, Planed and Matched. 

Moulding and Turning, Doors, Sash and Blinds. 

Glass, Putty, Paint, Oil and Plaster. 


Plans and Specifications Drawn. Contracts Executed. 
The Oldest Manufactory In Wayland. 




Abrams, Glen D., 26 

Baker, pr. Bertram J.. 22 

Bartholomew, Albert, 167 

Bennett, John A- . 14 

Bill, Christian C, 171 

Branch & Son, 8 

Bryant House, 34 

Capron, W. W., Jr., 6 

Clark & Pratt, 22 

Comniej:cial House, 28 

Cohn & Friedman, 14 

Dean, Stanley, 28 

De Graw, F. Allen, 22 

Deitzel, William H., 34 

Dime Saving and Loan Association, 172 

Dorr, Dr. James C, 22 

Dudley, Siegle B., 14 

Engel, Frank, 167 

Ferrin Brothers, 14 

First National Bank, 4 

Fox, George, 171 

Gottschall, C. & Sen, 169 

Granger, Mark L., 171 

Hatch, Otto & Co., 167 

Henchen, Charles, 28 

Home Laundry, 12 

Kiel, John F., 18 

Kiel, W. Fred, 24 

Kimmel, M. & Sons, 1.6S 

Last, Nicholas, 6 

Lerch, Douglass, 24 

Lieders, Otto F., 34 

Loan Association, 172 
Locke, Albert S., 12 
Moose, M. Fletcher, 28 
Morley, Addison L., 170 
Mor-ley, Carpenter & Co., 
Morris, Julian A., 36 
Nold, George, 30 
Olney, Lee B., 34 
Pardee, Amos J., 28 
Parsons, William A., 34 
Peters, Harry S., 12 
Pursel, James M., 171 
Rauber & Deitzel, 172 
Rauber & Vogt, 36 
Rauber, Jacob N., 172 
Ryder, John M., 12 
Schu, Nicholas, Jr., 28 
Schwan, Louis A., j6 
Shaffer & Wolfif, 173 
Smith, Frank K., 16 
Snyder, Martin W., 20 
Sterner, John I., 22 
Steuben Cigar Co., 10 
St. James Hotel, 6 
Sturm, Fred S., 36 
Wayland Advance, 32 
Way land Iron Works, 18 
Wayland Mills, 26 
Wayland Register, 174 
Weinhart Brothers, 8 
Willcox, W. D. &Co., 26 
Zeilbeer, Charles F., 32 


"The Wayland Register" 

Is Wayland's Local Newspaper and the Only 
Village Advertising Medium. 



Subscription $1.00, 

Advertising Rates on Application, 





Abrama, Glen D. Ees 116 

Advent Christian Ciiurch 138 

Bartholomew, Albert, Res 149 

Bennett Albert G. Res 78 

Bill, J. George, Res 72 

Bryant House 92 

Bush, Mrs. Jane Res 62 

Capron, Hon. Wilbur W. Res 126 

Capron, Wiley W. Res 110 

Carpenter, Edwin A. Res 71 

Cement Factory 54 

Clark, Hon. William W 131 

Clark, Hon. Wm. W. Res 136 

Clark Building 141 

Commercial House 87 

Curtis, Grant M 148 

Dorr, Dr. James C. Res 85 

Dudley, Siegle B. Ees 132 

First National Bank Building 69 

Fox, George, Res 143 

French, Rev. George J 84 

Fuller, Jesse W. Res 99 

Gray Hotel 52 

Gray, Josiah 66 

Green, William H. Res 118 

Guile, Wesley R. Res 100 

Incubator Factory 113 

Janes, Rev. W. Irving 86 

Jervis, Charles M. Res 122 

Kiel, John F 117 

Kiel, W. Fred 127 

Kimmel, Martin 58 

Kimmel, Martin, Res 155 

Kimmel, John, Res 83 

King, Rev. John M 137 

Klein, Christian, Res 115 

Knauer, Ernest, Res 130 

Locke's Hotel 151 

Methodist Episcopal Church 73 

Millen, Duane 88 

Millen, Homer 107 

Millen, Thomas 79 

Millington, Francis W. Res 60 

Morley, Addison L 154 

Morris, John J. Res 56 

Morris, Julian A. Res 68 

Nold, George 102 

Patchin, BertC 77 

Patchin Building 108 

Peabody, Dr. George M Ill 

Poor, Moses A. Res 65 

Post Office Building 140 

Pratt, Henry V 124 

Pratt, Henry V. Ees 134 

Pursel, James E, Res 91 

Rauber, Jacob N. Hotel 95 

Reed, Prof. J. Wells 89 

Rosenkrans, Hamilton S .64 

Smith, Frank K. Res. 74 

Snyder, Martin W. Res.... 94 

Stemler, Rev. John B 147 

Sterner, John I 74 

St. James Hotel 97 

St. Joseph's Catholic Church 1..103 

St. Joseph's Catholic School 153 

United Evangelical Church 120 

Van Liew, Prof. Henry P 150 

Wayland High School 128 

Weinhart, Conrad H. Res 123 

Weinhart, Joseph F. Res 105 

Zimmerman, Peter H. Res 146 




Abrams, Almond J. 72 

Glen D. 98, 103, 158 

Mrs. Jane S. 72 

Noble S. 72 

Thomas, Sr. 72 

Thomas, 83, 87, 103, 114 
Acker, George, 121 
Adams, A. B. -55, 76,98, 121 

Krank, 123 

James E. 78, 79, 85 

Wilbur F. 153, 157 
Albright, Matthias, 95 
Alf, William, 158 
Arnold, Eugene S. 101, 125, 157 
Austin, Mrs. Rebecca, 62 
Avery, Chauncey, 92, 154 

Chauncey S. 85, 117, 145 

Horace, 84, 92. 

John, 85, 106 

Mrs. Lucinda B. 118, 144, 145 

Mrs Mary M. 117 

William, 84, 85 


Bailey, Frank, 107 

George, 62 
Baker, Dr. Bertram J. Ill, 158 

Mrs. Edwin L. 83 

Lester, 101 

Merritt H. 106 
Barnett, Rev. John W. 136 
Barnum, Darius, 95 
Bartholomew, Albert, 109, 157, 158 

Delbert, 158 • 
)Bartle, Rev. William, 136 
Barts, Mrs. Addie T. 94 

Peter, 95, 101 
Bates, Rev. M. A, 138 
Bauer, Nicholas, 95 
Beck, John G. 94 

Beeman, Mrs. Isabella, 61, 62, 72, 87 
^ M. A. 94 

Torrey, S. 121 
Begole, James H. 54, 71, 89, 90, 135 

Thomas, 53, 54 
Belman, Mrs. Susie N. 92 
Benedict, Prof. W. G. 146 
BeDJamin, C. 153 
Bennett, Albert G. 105 

Mrs. Alida G., 109 

Chauncey, 63, 72, 104, 109 

Daniel, 71, 72, 73, 83 

Frank L. 105 

Guy B. 104, 105, 121, 122 

Mrs. Guy B. 105, 145 

Hon.' James G. 63, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 79, 83, 

Zl 88, 104, 113, 114, 119, 122, 124, 143 

Mrs. James G. 75 

John A. 63, 71, 109 

Lawrence B. 105, 107 
Bergin, John, 89 

William, 89 
Berman, David, 101, 127 
Bigelow, Dr. Ell, 71, 111, 119, 125, 158 
Bill, Christian C. 113, 125 

Conrad, 76 

George, 75, 135 

Henry, 0. 153 

J. Nicholas, 154 

William H. 98, 108, 109 
Blake, Mary Ann, 55 
Blum, Mrs. Mary M. 89 
Boole, Mrs. Ella, 145 
Boothe, M. 153 

William W. 75 

Mr. 62 
Bosold, Henry, 102 
Bo wen, Mr. 53 
Bowles, Capt. 55 , 

Familv, 53 
Bradbury, Rev. Charles J. 136 
Branch, Clarence G. 104 

John, 143 
Brilhart, Rev. W. E. 142 
Bristol, Rev. Irving B. 136 
Brown, John, 62 

Rev. Julius F. 136 

Rev. Stephen, 135 
Brownson, David, 66 
Bryant, Belle, 126 

Colonel J. 107, 126 

Mrs. Lydia Ann, 126 

Mark H. 126 

Walter, 92, 98, 106, 107, 125, 126, 127 
Bunnell, A. 0. 156 
Burgess, G. T. 153 
Burroughs, Benjamin, 61 
Bush, Rev. Charles, 136 

Ira, 83, 84 
Busti, Mrs. Jane, 70, 84 

Cameron, Dugal, 60 
Campbell, Collins, C. 102 
Capron, Rose, 146 

Mrs. Wesley H. 146 
■ Hon. Wilbur W. 87, 90, 91, 95, 108, 114 

Mrs. Wilbur W. 90, 117, 119, 121 

Wiley W. 90, 109, 158 
Carpenter, Edwin A. 96 

John H. 79 

Joseph, 135 

Lucien D. 86, 96 
Carroll, Charles, 67 
Case, Richard, 92, 107 
Cathin, Rev. John R. 136 
Caywood, William S. 158 
Chad wick, R. A. 94 
Chamberlain, Levi, 53 
Chapman, Samuel, 137 
Chapman, Mr. 72 
Chase, Aaron, 90 

Bert, 152 

Ira W. 71, 83, 84, 101 j 

Cheseboro, George H. 100 
Clark, Calvin E 68 j 

Edgar, 154 I 

James P. 75, 78, 79. 109, 119 i 

William H. 158. 

Hon. William W. 55, 62, 91, 111, 112, 113, 

119, 125, 145, 146, 147, 148, 156, 157. 158 

Mrs. William W. Ill, 145, 146 
Clayson, Louis 135 
Clinton, Gov. George, 47 



Coe, John, 61 

Cohn, David, 101 

Cole, Mrs. Florence R. 87 

Mrs. Frank M. 118 

Oscar D. 55 
Collar, Patrick, 95 
Congdon, Prof, F. K. 146 
Conrad, George, 154 

Mrs Catherine, 119 

Philip, N. 98, 106, 155, 157 

The Misses, 106 
Cook, Constant, 54 
Cooley, Henry L. 61. 71, 73, 76 
Cooney, John H. 157 
Coxe, Charles J. 104 
Coykenedall, Walling, 94 
Curtis, Albert D. 95, 154 

Rev. C, G. 136 

Grant M. 131 

Harris, 71, 73, 76, 83, 101, 135, 145 

Mr. 98 
Cyphers, Charles A. 131 


Davie,EEIwin N. 98, 100, 106 
. Grant S. 98, 100, 157 
;,, Mrs. Grant S, 144 

Mrs. George, 93 
Day, Franklin E. 66, 76, 135 
Dayton, Rev. S. M. 136 
Dean, Fred C. Ill 

Stanley, 101 
Deitch, Peter, 102, 153 
De Graw, F. Allin, 113 
Deitzel, Mrs. Cora S. 97 

George C. 103, 104, 145 

Jacob F. 101 

William H. 71, 97, 158 
Delaney, Mrs. Mary, 87 
Densmore, Luke, 94 
Dice, Rev. L. M. 142 
Dildine, Eugene, 85 

Mrs. Ida W. 85 

Uriah, 72 
Dillon, Rev. Lauren, 138 
Dodge, Bertha, 144 

J. H. 153 

Sylvester, 145 

Mrs. Sylvester, 144 
Dorr, Dr. James 0. Ill, 157, 158 
Doughty, Frank, 98 

John W. 99. 121, 152, 153 

Joshua, G. 75, 135 

Wesley, 66, 76, 95, 134, 135 
Drahmer, Charles, 88, 95 
Drum, William. 101 
Dudley, Siegle B. 106 
Duncan, Rev. James, 136 
'touncanson, Caroline, 72 



ElHcott, Jos. & Benj. 52 
Ellis, Carrie, 75 
Engel, Alexander, 107 

Frank, 83, 107, 119, 130, 153, 158 

Peter, 158 
Epley, Samuel W. 66 

Farley, Harvey, 135 
Faulkner, Ann, 55, 56 

Daniel P. 53 

James, Jr. 55 

Robert S. 69 
Fay, Dr. H. 0. 95. 153 

Orvilla, 96 

Mrs. Vietta R. 90 
Ferguson, Angus, 94 
Fess, Mr. 98 
Fidler, Abraham, 104 
Field, Charles E. 83, 98 
Finch, H. R, 94 
Fischer, Rev. Joseph, 141, 155 
Fisher, Sylvester, 154 
Flora, William, 117, 145 
Fogal, Mrs. Jacob, 144 
Folts, C. 153 

George, 98, 107, 121, 130 
Foltz, W. H. im 
Fowler, Abijah, 60 

Mrs. Amelia A, 84, 145 

Charles H. 108, 117 

Everett M 103, 121, 145, 152, 153, 157 

Miller H. 110 

Thomas M, 83, 87, 90, 103, 119 
Fox, Christian J. 158 

Frank. 98 

George, 102 

George, 154 
Franot, Mr. 61, 72 
Frazer, David, 54 

John, 50, 55 

Warren, 143 
French, Rev. Mrs. Ella J. 138, 
French, Rev. George J. 138, 139 
Fronk, Joseph, 67 


Garnsey, Henry W. 91, 98, 114, 152, 153 
Gieble, Leopold, 102, 107 
Gibba, Prof. Milton E. 146 

Nelson, 108 
Gilmore, Frank, 94 

John, 101 
Glover, Dwight, 95 

Mrs. George 145 

Harvey, 95, 153 
Goodno, Bert, 110, 158 

Edwin, 102, 110, 156, 157 

Mrs. Jennie J. 93, 110 
Gottschall, Christian, 76, 96, 125 

H. Alonzo, 96, 115 

William, 96 
Granger, Andrew A. 55, 72, 109, 135 

Gideon S. 95, 121 

Mark L. 104, 106, 158 

Mary A. 135 

Sylvester, 72, 119 
Grav, Celestia, 92 

"Davis, 67, 71, 75, 92, 135 

Mrs. Davis, 75, 130 

Josiah, 69, 76, 92, 107, 135 

Mrs. Mary R., 63, 76, 92 
Green, Floyd G., 113 

William H., 98, 99, 115, 157, 158 
GrosR, Aaron, 101 

F. Ernst, 72, 95 
Grover, E. C, 153 

Thomas, 69 
Guile, Wesley R. 100, 109, 132, 145 




Hadley, Mrs. Clara O., 144 
Hall, Elijah, 62 

Epbraim, 62 
Hancock, John, 48 
Hauer, M. L.", 109 
Hann, Charles F., 102 
Hard, Rev. Amos, 136 
Harrington, Carver, 55 
. Harris, Mary K., 149 
Hart, Mrs. Anna, 144 
Harts, Christian, 135 > 

Haskin, O: IVL, 96 
Hatch, H. W. 109 
Hawkins, Rev. L. T., 136 
Hawley, Hon. William M., 65 
Hayward, Murray C, 157 
Held, George J., 108 
Hemmer, Valentine, 102, 125, 152 

Mrs. M.., 60 
Henchen, Charles, 103 
Henderson, Eev. W. H. 136 
Henry, Captain, 70 
Herrick, David, 70, 75, 76, 83, 135 

Mrs. David, 75 

Louise, 146, 147 
Hess, Benjamin B., 71. 76, 83, 84, 86, 114, 135 

Dennis, (DemasK 59, 72 

Dr. Henry H., 59, 61, 66, 67, 68, 69, 85, 
122, 134 

Hiram C. 135 ' 

Job'n, 59, 65, 66, 67, 68, 70, 71, 75, 83, 96, 
113, 114, 134, 143 

Mark H. 121, 122 

Mrs. Mary, 120 

Dr. Orton H., 76 

Soloman F , 71, 76, 88, 90, 96, 114. 135 

Mrs .S. F., 75 
Hibbard, Eev. F. G., D. D., 135 
Hicks, Jacob, 135 

JohnE., 75,135 

Stephen, 54 

Thomas, 62 
Hill, Gen. J. A., 110 
Hill, William, 76 
Hiscock, Mr, 135 
Hitchcock, Eev. J. C. 135 

William, 62 
Hoffman, A. Frederick, 98 

Joseph, 63 

V. 98 
Holmes, William, 108, 130 
Holliday, F. E. 121 
Honan, Daniel, 88, 155 

Jonn, 88 

Katherine, 88 

Mrs Mary K. 88 

William L. 88 
Hopkins, Byron, 83 
Hoppough, E. W. 62 
Hull. Wakeman, 72 
Hume, Mr 53 
Hurzeler, Samuel, 101 
Hyde, Humphrey B. 137 
Hyland, John, 70 


Ingrabam, Alfred, 135 
G. Seymore, 145 
Hiram, 135 

Janes, Eev. W. Irving,, 136, 137 

Jackgon, Rev. W. H. 138 

Jervis, Charles M. 96, 115, 119, 145, 149, 157 

Mrs. Lola Gray, 61, 92 v 

John, Albert, 89 

Jabob, 98, 108 

Joseph, 89 

Nettie, 89 

Tillie, 89 
Johnson, William C. 158 
Jolly, Dexter, S. 74, 76, 79, 114 

Eev. Thomson, 135 

Kaelin, Eev. C, 141 
Karacber, George, 55, 68, 72 

George, Jr., 55, 66 

Martin, 55 

Sallie, 65 

Soloma3,_^55, 72 
Karagan, M. G., 101, 158 
Kausch, Edward, 54 ^ .. 
Kausch, Valentine, Jr., 98, 157 

William, F., 98 ~-~~ 

Keller, Eey. B. F., 142 
Kellogg, Charles A , 108, 158 

William, S., 85, 101, 122 
Kesfer, J. Franklin, 101, 102 

Mrs. Kate B., 89 
Kiel, Mrs. Caroline, 87 

John F.,l05, 130, 155; 158 

J., 153 

Rose, 87 

W. Frederick. 87, 104, 121 
Kimball, Daniel F., 95 

Doras, 158 

Syd, 158 
Kimmel, Mrs. Catherine, 91 

Catherine, 91 

Mrs. Clara V., 91, 118 

Clara, 91 

Frank, 91 

Jacob, 91 

John, 91, 98, 104, 116, 117, 127, 153, 155, 

Joseph E., 91, 103 

Lena, 91 

Mrs. Lizzie M., 89 

Lizzie, 91 

Martin, 56, 61, 72, 83, 87, 90, 91, 98, 103, 
104, 117, 125, 126, 145 

Martin, Jr., 63, 91, 155, 158 

Peter J., 91 
King, Eev. John M., 142, 143, 158 

Mr., 94 
Klein, Caroline, 93 

Christian, 93, 108, 127, 130, 152, 153, 158 

Edward P , 93, 101, 158 

Elizabeth, 93 

G., 153 • 

Henry, 153 

Mrs. Marion, 93, 119 " 

Minnie, 93 

William, 93 
Knauer, Ernest, 100, 154, 158 
Knott, Eev. John B., 135 
Knowles, Seth, 53 
Knowlton, Amos, 66 
Kohnen, N. J., 107, 108 
Koons, Miltoxi, 154