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F 144E58°S83 ""'""'" ""'""^^ 

^°*l llllSii iimfli'mn?!' .''y Adaline W. Sterlin 


3 1924 028 828 858 



Cornell University 

The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 


Book of Endewood 


Together with Matter on 
the World War by other 
writers from official sources. 

Published by authority of 




Committee on the History of Englewood 

PETER S. DURYEE, Chairman 
LANCE M. PARSONS, Treasurer CHARLES H. MAY, Secretary 

Harris E. Adriance 
John B. Allison 
Howard Barton 
Clinton H. Blakf., Jr. 


Floyd R. DuBois 
Peter S. Duryee 
Allan C. Hoffman 
Charles H. May 

Lance M. Paesons 
Dan F. Platt 
Joseph H. Tillotson 
Byron G. Van Horne 

In March, 1921, Mayor McKcnna asked the Common Coun- 
cil to appoint a committee to undertake the production of a his- 
tory of Englewood, to be a souvenir of Eiiglewood's semi-centen- 
nial as a separate municipal unit. The committee has been fortu- 
nate in enlisting the services of Miss Adaline W. Sterling in the 
writing of the book. To her, and to those others who have con- 
tributed to the portion of the book that deals with the war, the 
committee takes this opportunity of extending its deep appre- 

For the Committee, 

Peter S. Duryee, Ch 


HmI s 

Copyright, 1922. by the Committee on the History of Englewood. 

/ , . II 


O THE mind of the writer, the story of Englewood 
has presented itself as akin to that of the building of 
a house, of simple, substantial plan at first, upon a 
foundation of solid construction. Then as years went 
by, and generation succeeded generation, the house was increased 
in dimension, strengthened and beautified, but always in con- 
sonance with the basic design. 

The pioneers of '59 placed our house on a foundation al- 
ready prepared of Dutch thrift, industry and religious faith. 
Their children and children's children, in like manner, added 
story to story, strong and beautiful, until Englewood stands to- 
day a fair edifice, harmonious in detail, into which have been 
built the faith, truth and ideals of the men and women of the 
past and of the present day as well. There may have been at 
times diversity of opinion about the need or style of the addi- 
tion, or a temporary questioning as to the cost involved, but in 
the end the work was always accomplished. It has been and still 
is the feeling of general participation in this our building, which 
made and makes Englewood so beloved of the dwellers therein. 

The plan as detailed is one thing, the presentation in inter- 
esting fashion is another. But there is a homely adage, applica- 
ble to all undertakings, that may be used as the determining test 
in this instance. Much of the early history of Englewood, 
though of great interest, is not of official record, and could be 
obtained only from private sources. In this connection grateful 
mention is made of the invaluable assistance rendered by the 
late Dr. Byron G. Van Home, former president of the Bergen 
County Historical Society. Dr. Van Home's interest in this 
present work was very great, the facts he furnished were most 
valuable, and through him permission was obtained to use 
several illustrations belonging to the Historical Society. 

Thanks are also due to Mr. Nelson K. Vanderbeek for facts 
relative to the Liberty Pole Tavern; to Mr. Thomas William 


Lydecker for genealogical data of the Lydecker family; to Mrs. 
Isabella Hart for furnishing interesting incidents connected 
with the first church and the first school; and to Messrs. 
William O. Allison, Augustus Floyd, Charles J. Stagg, John M. 
FoUey, Edward Gruber, and Patrick Powers for helpful infor- 
mation concerning the early settlers. The aid given by Mr. 
Joseph H. Tillotson in placing at the writer's disposal news- 
paper files of forty years is gratefully recognized. To Mr. Floyd 
R. DuBois, who' has been in charge of the material for part 
second of this book, grateful acknowledgment is given for im- 
portant and valuable help. 

For the attractive presentation of the story in book form, 
we are indebted to Mr. A. A. Hopkins, of the "Scientific Amer- 
ican," New York, and to our townsman, Mr. Dexter B. Dawes. 
Mr. Hopkins has given invaluable aid in planning all the de- 
tails which belong to fine bookmaking, and has been generous 
in time and service to accomplish this end. The artistic design 
of the inner cover is the work of Mr. Dawes as his offering to 
the story of his birthplace. 

^ , Adaline W. Sterling. 

December, 1922 





I How the Dutch Came to Bergen 1 

II Enghsh Neighborhood 9 

III The Passing of Liberty Pole 23 

IV Pioneer Years, 1859-1861 41 

V Civil War Times 61 

VI Hackensack Township Days 73 

VII Home Seekers and Builders 81 

VIII The Old Township's Last Days, 1868-1871 ... 95 

IX Englewood Township: The First Decade .... 107 

X Half a Decade Onward 119 

XI Community Progress 131 

XII The Township's Wane 151 

XIII Incorporation and the First City Administration, 

1895-1898 167 

XIV Elbert A. Brinckerhoff Becomes Mayor . . . .189 
XV Mayor Currie's Second Term 207 

XVI The Administration of Mayor Piatt, 1904-1905 . . 221 

XVII The Administrations of Mayor Mackay, 1906-1909 .235 

XVIII The Administration of Mayors Johnson and Birt- 

whistle 259 

XIX The Two Terms of Mayor Munroe, 1912-1915 . . 277 

XX TheAdministrationsof Mayor Blake, 1916-1918 . . 299 

XXI Administrations of David J. McKenna, 1919-1921 .319 


Foreword 347 

Englewood's Part in the War 349 

Englewood's Roll of Honor 363 

History of Englewood Military Company 383 

The Drives 393 


American Red Cross 401 

Committee of Public Safety 405 

Englewood Motor Battery Rifle Association 405 

Englewood Home Guard 409 

American Protective League 411 

War Camp Community Service 412 

Englewood Draft Board 413 

The Boy Scouts 417 

Y. W. C. A. Hostess Houses 418 

Entertainment and Welfare for Soldiers 420 

Community Garden 421 

Home Canning 422 

The Englewood War Savings Society 423 

The Girls' Patriotic League 424 

The Influenza Epidemic of 1918 425 

Record of Civilian Service, National in Character .... 427 

Roster of Service Men and Women 431 

Index 493 

Revolutionary Military Map, 1776-77 Insert 


Part I. 



I N GATHERING material for the story of Englewood, it 
soon became very evident that the arrival of the "new- 
comers" oi: 1858 could not serve as a starting point. The 
very first acts of these "newcomers" were arguments in 
support of this opinion. For they, then representing the Present, im- 
mediately identified themselves with the Past bv purchasing ancestral 
acres on which to build their village. Then, as local tradition relates, 
they further committed themselves to recognition of days past by 
evolving from the over a century and a half title borne by "English 
Neighborhood," a name for the village still on paper; and the old 
settlement wondered, to the day it departed this life, how the feat 
was accomplished. 

In view of this concession of relationship between the Present 
and Past, it was determined to follow the example thus set and to 
treat the founding and development of Englewood as the latest his- 
torical milestone on the road which leads back to the dunes of Hol- 
land; not overlooking two other stones on the same road, English 
Neighborhood and Bergen, the oldest and most Dutch of all. At 
this point, therefore, we propose to revert briefly to some past his- 
tory, which tells why and how the Dutch came to the New World 
and what kind of folks they were. 

At the beginning of the 17th century there was a lull in the inces- 
sant wars in which royal quarrels and jealousies had disturbed the 
whole of Europe. It was a welcome interruption, although only a 
breathing-time in which to think up new grievances. One of these 
long-drawn-out wars was that waged by Spain to regain her mastery 
over the Seven Provinces of Holland, which had shown their objec- 


tion to foreign control by taking up arms and holding out doggedly, 
through forty years of intermittent fighting. Spain had not attained 
her purpose and it was so very evident that hers was a forlorn hope, 
that Spanish diplomats arranged matters to save roval pride and 
offered a truce of twelve years. There ^^-ere the usual delays and 
solemn diplomatic pow-wows. The matter ended in the acceptance 
of a truce which acknowledged the independence of the L^nited Prov- 
inces of the Netherlands and yielded Spain's monopoly of the India 
trade, which the Dutch had already secured. 

There was no lack of patriotism on the part of the Netherlands 
in accepting the truce; the years' long defence of the home land proves 
the contrary. But the growth of the Netherlands lay outside the sand 
dunes and lagoons which made up its limited territory. A golden 
chance had come in this year, 1609, in Hudson's discovery in the ser- 
vice of the Dutch East India' Company. In spite of the long war, 
the new republic was in a prosperous condition. Her resources far 
exceeded her liabilities and her great fleet of ships, manned by the 
best and hardiest sailors of the day, established the Dutch power on 
the sea. The greatest asset of the republic was its people, with their 
inborn love of liberty, religious faith, courage, enterprise and thrift. 
Another advantage was the fact that at a time when, in other Euro- 
pean countries, an acquaintance with the three R's was a genteel 
accomplishment, in the Netherlands there was scarcely a man, woman 
or child who could not read, write and cipher, and no one who de- 
sired it need lack higher educatio.n. Of course, the Netherlanders had 
their faults; they were born traders and their acquisitiveness must 
have been at times very trying to the other parties to a bargain. 
Moreover, those misguided persons who assumed that deliberate 
speech betokened sluggish mind, probably met with convincing evi- 
dence to the contrary. 

Now a word about the government. The Netherlands was not 
a republic, as we understand the term, although it was a wide depar- 
ture from the accepted form of hereditary government. In reality, 
it was a confederation of the seven northern provinces, representatives 
from each province forming the governing body, which Avas styled 
the States General. There was no personal head to this body politic. 
Holland, by virtue of its size and its larger contribution to the general 
budget, exercised great but not full authority. The first act of this 
body, outside its immediate domain, was the announcement of owner- 
ship of the territory discovered by Hudson. Claims of this kind were, 
of course, not based on metes and bounds, but were sufficiently com- 



prehensive in including everything in sight, with hberal allowance 
for everything out of sight. 

After the first private A-entures westward had established the 
value of fur trading with the Indians, the business was taken over 
by companies formed for the special purpose. The Dutch had a 
genius for organization and ■\^'hate\'er they undertook was carried 
out systematically. Just as there were no "jerry-built" houses in 
Holland, they put equally good work into the construction of their 
corporations, for that is what the trading companies really were. 
The companies were formed by associations of merchants who com- 
posed the directorate, and members or stockholders, who subscribed 
to the funds of the undertaking in lesser sums than the directors. 
Charters were granted by the States General for a definite period 
and for specific purposes. The New Netherland Company was the 
first in the field and, during the four years of its existence, strength- 
ened the settlement on Manhattan Island, and established a trading 
station up the river, near the present site of Albany, placing a factor 
in charge to barter for furs with "up-state" Indians. 

While this charter was still in force and during a succeeding 
interval, while independent voyages were made, the States General 
were working out a comprehensive plan for the American possessions. 
The territory was attracting attention, outsiders were straggling in. 
There must be something more than a settlement on the island and 
a few trading posts along the river to indicate Dutch property. 
Thereupon the possessions were formally erected into the Province 
of New Netherland and the administration of its affairs was entrusted 
to a new company, rivalling in wealth and importance the older 
Dutch East India Company. This corporation was the Dutch West 
India Company, and the place of business, from which its affairs 
were directed, was the West India House, Haarlemme Straat, Am- 
sterdam. The charter granted to the Company conferred unusual 
powers and privileges. To the directorate was given the right to 
appoint a governor and council, the authority to build a fort and 
provide a garrison of regular soldiers, and to carry into effect a 
carefully devised plan of colonization. This plan, immigration in 
family groups, was put into operation in 1623, when the ship New 
Netherland, equipped by the Company, transported thirty families 
with their cherished household possessions. Place was waiting for 
these colonists, especially those of the agricultural class, for the 
patroon system formed part of the immigration plan. This feature 
provided that any member of the Company could obtain a large 



grant of land in any part of New Netherland, except Manhattan 
Island, on condition of establishing thereon, Avithin a specified time, 
a colony of fifty adults. As soon as a colony was formed, the owner 
of the tract was formally recognized as the patroon or feudal chief 
of his community. The dimensions of the colony were liberal; so 
also were the privileges and rights of the patroon. The tenant 
colonists were bound to a definite term of service in return for the 
transportation of themselves and their families from the Netherlands. 
After that obligation had been met, they might obtain farms of their 
own. The immigrant who came at his own expense and had some- 
thing over and above his passage money, received, as a gift, as much 
land as he could improve. 

The plan of colonization, whatever its defects, certainly insured 
workers wherever a colony was established. It was a business propo- 
sition and no idlers, criminals or riffraff generally came over at the 
expense of the Company. The directors sent their agents over to 
obtain land patents as their personal investments. The stockholders 
were slower in seizing the opportunity of the patroon system, and 
friction was the necessary consequence. This dissatisfaction increased 
after Peter Minuit, the third governor, bought all the outstanding 
land on Manhattan from the Indians, for the benefit of these same 
directors in their indi^'idual capacity. The price paid for the land 
was sixty guilders, not in cash, but in beads, trinkets, blankets and 
assorted stuff which appealed to the savage taste. Twenty-four 
dollars, in 1626, evidently had great purchasing power. 

There was not much opportunity for the small investor or the 
tardy stockholder. The attractive spots in New Amsterdam were 
already pre-empted. Houses occupied the banks of the two canals, 
Bever Gracht (Beaver street) and Hecrc Gracht (Broad street). 
The best places on the East river front were taken up, so that a 
movement was started in the direction of Schcyichhi, as the Indians 
called New Jersey. The objective of the migrants from Manhattan 
was what was afterward known as Bergen. To the Dutch, accus- 
tomed to water as a feature of the landscape, the location was ideal. 
There was an extended shore line; two streams, called later the 
Hackensack and the Overpeck, and marshes galore, gave a home- 
like touch. The flat land brought back memories of another country, 
and, rising above the low ground, was a ridge increasing in height 
as it extended northward. This was Bergen — "the hill" — the van- 
tage point so dearly prized in the home-land. Very little had been 
done toward the development of this part of the Dutch possessions. 



A small settlement had been made in 1618, in the time of the New 
Netherland Company. This probably consisted of a few rude houses, 
placed close together for protection, the dwelling places of planters 
who cultivated outlying farms. 

The growth of New Amsterdam was based on its fur trade, 
especially in beaver skins, and a reminder of this particular pelt 
appears today in the beaver, which figures in the coat of arms of the 
city of New York. The development of Bergen and the northern 
part of New Jersey may be traced to land originally acquired for 
agricultural purposes. When the west side of the Hudson came into 
the market, one of the first to take advantage of the opening was 
Michael Pauw, Burgomaster of Amsterdam and a director of the 
West India Company. Through his business connection, Pauw ob- 
tained a patent to land extending from Communipaw to Weehawken, 
running back as far as it could be used. The claims of the native 
owners were satisfied in a formal deed, in which the Indian names 
were given to the places described in the document, and there was 
careful mention of receipt of an adequate consideration, the nature 
of which was not stated, but which was the usual merchandise. The 
deed was duly signed by the representative of the Company and the 
Indians affixed whatever served them as signatures. The condition 
of founding a colony within four years was, of course, attached to 
the patent. But the burgomaster was an absentee proprietor whose 
interests were more intimately connected with his lordship "of 
Achtienhoven, near Utrecht." From this or other cause, he neglected 
his unimproved property in New Netherland and his agent, Jan 
Evertse Bout, did not reach New Amsterdam before the time-limit 
expired. Thus the most valuable water front on the west side of 
the Hudson was bought in by the Company. Though Mynheer Pauw 
faded from the scene, he left a reminder of his transitory ownership. 
Latinizing a name, susceptible of the process, was a learned practice 
in Holland. Pauw is the Dutch equivalent of the Latin " pavo" — a 
peacock; so, by classic aid, Pavonia was evolved as the name of the 
burgomaster's purchase. For years after, this name was applied to 
the locality, now Jersey City, and is still perpetuated in Pavonia 
avenue and Pavonia ferry. 

The West India Company wisely divided the patent after it came 
into its possession. The lower end of the tract, where there was a 
colony of some thirteen persons, was placed in charge of Michael 
Paulusson, who administered affairs until 1638, when the property, 
known then and until long after the Revolution as Paulus Hook, was 



sold to Abraham Isaacsen Planck, one of the "Twelve Men" chosen 
as counselors of the then Governor, Kieft. Another part of the 
patent, Ashasimus, the Company's farm on the upland (now Jersey 
City Heights), was granted to Jan Evertse Bout, to be "plowed, 
sowed and tilled." Jan Evertse, although he arrived too late to save 
Pauw's possessions, managed his own property so well in the eighteen 
years of his occupancy, that he was able to sell the farm at a good 
profit and retire from agricultural pursuits. 

To aid in the de\-elopment of Bergen, the Company built a few 
houses, one at Communipaw, one at Ashasimus, and two in Pavonia. 
A farmhouse, with a brewery attached and a "bouwerie cleared for 
planting," became the property of Aert Teunissen Van Putten. An- 
other brewer as well as land o>\-ner in Bergen was Balthasar Bayard, 
whose name suggests remote kinship ^^-ith "the knight without fear 
and without reproach." Balthasar probably possessed similar qual- 
ities. He Avas a gooil citizen, held the office of magistrate, and 
represented Bergen in the first and second General Assembly of New 
Jersev in 1668; and there is no record of reproach as to the output 
of his brewery. As time went on, \\'ealthy burghers in New Amster- 
dam acquired tracts of land in Bergen, which were called plantations. 
Lanil grants were also given by Governor Stuyvesant. One of the 
most important of these patents was that of "Hobuk" to Nicholas 
^'arlet, a "great burgher" of Manliattan and a person of consequence. 

In 1651, Bergen, by reason of its growth, was dignified by the 
establishment of a Eower Court of Justice, by ordinance of Governor 
Stuyvesant. The officers, appointed by the directors of the Company, 
were 1 iehiian Van Vleck, an Amsterdam lawyer, who was named 
sclioiil (sheriff), and Harmanius Smecman and Casparus Stuymets, 
who were designated sclu'pciis (magistrates). The great event of 
1658 -was the purchase of Bergen Township from the Indians and 
the lading out of a fortified village on Bergen — "the hill." The 
village M'as in the form of a square, with two streets crossing at right 
angles. The whole was surrounded by a stout stockade, pierced with 
con\-enient musket-holes. No sooner was the village under way, than 
a subscription was started for building a church. A medal, struck 
in 1910, in commemoration of the two hundred and fiftieth anniver- 
sary of the founding of the \-illage of Bergen, shows the division of 
the town into quarters by the intersecting streets, with the original 
church inside the protecting stockade. This first house of worship 
was a round building with a steep-pitched octagonal roof, from whose 
center the steeple rose. .\ successor of the first Bergen church stands 



today on Jersey City Heights, from whose pulpit the teaching of 
the Reformed Faith is dehvered to the present-day adherents. Two 
years after- the completion of the church, the Governor gave Bergen 
its first schoolmaster, Englebert Steenhuysen, a tailor by trade, who 
was newly arrived from Westphalia. 

Following this provision for the spiritual and educational needs 
of the Bergen community, a notable public improvement was intro- 
duced by the establishment of the first ferry at Communipaw, owned 
by Willem Jansen, licensed ferryman. The means of transportation 
to New Amsterdam was an open row-boat for usual occasions; at 
other times, when there were a number of passengers to be carried 
or cattle were to be transported, a periague, or flat-bottomed sloop 
was used. Soon complaints arose that Jansen's charges were too 
high and a rate war began. Willem stuck to his prices and declared 
that, as some travelers did not pay their fare, he must make up the 
deficit from those who did. Both sides took the case to court. The 
decision was unique: the sherift was required to see that Jansen did 
not discriminate as to passengers and must also help the ferryman 
collect his fare. Whether the sheriff performed his latter duty on 
the "pay as you enter" plan, or whether he made the trip back and 
forth, does not appear. 

But we shall leave Bergen for a while to its farms. Its ferry 
troubles, and its gossip about the "contrariness" of the governor and 
turn to an event ■\^'hich made possible — English Neighborhood. 




HREADING the course of our story, we must, as a matter 
of historical sequence, refer briefly to the English occupa- 
tion of New Netherland. This does not signify that Eng- 
lish Neighborhood was deeply concerned in the event. At 
this time there were but few farmhouses outside the limits of Bergen 
and nothing which deserved the name of settlement. But events were 
shaping themselves in such fashion that a change was imminent in the 
Dutch province. 

When the year 1664 opened. New Amsterdam was in a flourish- 
ing condition. Governor Stuyvesant had ruled the province for 
fourteen years, in which time he had settled the Indian troubles, 
had checked the encroachments of the Swedes on the Delaware, and, 
by negotiation, had adjusted the dispute over boundary lines with 
the New England colonies. Though the Governor was irascible, 
obstinate and self-willed, he administered the business of his oflice 
conscientiously and provided for the welfare of his people, according 
to his understanding of what was good for them. Though he had 
absolutely no sympathy with the growing idea that the people should 
have voice in their own government, he had been astute enough to 
recognize the sentiment by raising New Amsterdam to the rank of 
a city. But the burgomaster and officials were of his own choosing. 
Satisfied that he had made a tremendous concession, the Governor 
meddled and interfered with his ofiicials in the execution of their 
limited duties and fully impressed upon them that the "best mind" to 
be consulted on all occasions was the mind of Peter Stuyvesant. The 
City Fathers accepted the dictum, gave diligent and faithful service 
and found compensation for too much peremptory direction in the 
weekly procession to the church in the Fort. Decked in the insignia 
of office and preceded by bell-ringers to announce their coming, they 
made an impression upon the congregation almost as great as that 
of the Governor himself. 

Times were very good; there were peace and plenty; trade was 


never better; coasting ships and ocean vessels came and went on 
their commercial enterprises without molestation. The people were 
reaping the fruits of their industry; they were proud of their city 
and they loved it. As prosperity increased, affection for the mother 
country weakened. But while the Dutch were in this satisfied state 
of mind, there was a scheme on foot, across the water, very inimical 
to a continuance of the self-satisfaction of New Amsterdam. The 
plan then in the making was as simple as it was unjustifiable. Charles 
IL, the Stuart King of I'ngland, and his Council decided upon a war 
with Holland as a means of increasing the prestige of the govern- 
ment. There was no particular ground for going to Avar, but a reason 
could be found and preparations for fighting were started. But in 
the meanwhile, before a formal declaration of war, there was a 
valuable Dutch possession which could be acquired without difficulty. 
Reports had reached England of the exceeding prosperity of New 
Netherland, which, it was well known, was inadequately guarded 
against attack. The pretended grievance to suit this particular plan 
was alleged loss of revenue, suffered by the New England colonies 
through the smuggling practices of the Dutch. The next step in this 
forehanded plan was the king's gift to his brother, the Duke of York, 
of a patent of land in America which ingeniously included all the 
Dutch possessions. The culmination of the plan was the despatch 
of a fleet of armed ships to collect the gift. 

So it came about on a late August day of 1664, while Stuyvesant 
was away on official business, news came to New Amsterdam that an 
English fleet lay inside Sandy Hook. The Governor returned and 
began preparations for resistance. Then the result of paternal gov- 
ernment and loss of national spirit manifested itself. Officials and 
people were of one mind that resistance would be futile and were 
decidedly averse to making a fight. Stuyvesant raged and stormed 
and went on with his preparations. After a few days, with a favoring 
wind, the ships sailed through the Narrows and came to anchor 
with their guns covering the fort. Even then the old soldier was 
makmg ready to fire on the invaders, but was restrained by Dominie 
Megapolensis. Colonel Nicoll, the commander of the expedition, 
came ashore and presented the terms of surrender. He suavely 
pointed out that the question itself was not debatable ; that his ships 
carried sixty guns of the heaviest calibre then known, while the guns 
of the fort, but twenty-two in number, were decidedly out of date. 
Advising the Governor to think the matter over, he went back to 
the fleet. The logic of the heavier guns was backed by the clamor 

[ 10] 


of the people against useless sacrifice of life. Old Petrus exhausted 
his extensive vocabulary of expletives in expressing his opinion of 
cowards and traitors; he shook his fist and stamped the floor with 
his timber leg; but the clamor increased. Then he permitted the 
surrender flag to be raised, turned his back on New Amsterdam and 
stumped oft' to his home on the Boiiiverie. On September 7th, the 
Dutch garrison marched out of the fort and took ship, at Whitehall, 
for Holland, and the English soldiers marched in. There was an 


exchange of flags and an exchange of names. The royal standard of 
England floated over Fort James, now the guardian of the Duke's 
city of New York. The burghers may have been for a few days 
uncertain as to possible results of the change; but when they dis- 
covered that they were not deprived of a single right or privilege, 
they pledged allegiance to the king. 

On the west side of the river, the same course was followed. 
The settlers were even more content than ever, when they learned 
of the transfer of their part of New Netherland to Sir George 
Carteret and Lord John Berkeley, and that their land was now the 
Province of New Jersey. They had a governor of their own, when 
Philip Carteret arrived. There was no difiiculty about title to 



property acquired under Dutch rule; patents thus granted were con- 
firmed by Carteret and new grants were made to incomers who 
agreed to "settle and plant." 

A section, extending from what is now Fairview to the center of 
our city, was now brought into notice. This tract lay on the east 
side of the Overpeck creek. While the rush of the Enghsh patentees 
was toward the west side of the Hackensack, the Dutch preferred 
to "follow the water," along the lesser stream. The creek was 
navigable for small boats, it flowed into the Hackensack, and the 
Dutch, with their inherited knowledge of river craft, appreciated 
the advantage of the waterways. There is scanty record of Robert 
Earle, a pioneer settler of Bergen, who obtained, as early as 1650, 
a large tract of land running from the Hudson to the Hackensack, 
and settled in the present Ridgefield township. It is said that, as 
there were no white inhabitants near by, he gave several acres of 
woodland to some white families, with the view of forming a settle- 
ment. His only descendant, of whom there is knowledge, was a son 
Robert, who married a Mary Smith and settled in the township. To 
settlers who must raise their own food supplies, a gift of woodland 
may not have presented as much of an appeal as meadow land near 
the water, so that this may have been one of several settlements 
which failed to become permanent. Robert Earle, son of the pioneer, 
had a large family. One of his sons, Edward by name, born in 1775, 
was a deacon, for many years, in the Ridgefield church. 

One of the first immigrants of record was Epke Jacob Banta, 
from West Friesland, who arrived in New Amsterdam about 1659, 
and settled on the lower part of the Neighborhood tract. He was 
the head of the numerous Banta family of New Jersey. The next 
name that appears is that of John De Groot, of a French Huguenot 
family. The Huguenot element was further represented by Matthias 
De Mott, a settler in 1685. Some of the descendants of this Mat- 
thias were connected with early Englewood. 

There had not been a marked influx of English settlers before 
Samuel Edsall appeared upon the scene. This Englishman was a 
remarkable man in his day. Born in Reading about 1630, he came 
to New Amsterdam at the age of eighteen, where he was listed among 
the new arrivals as "a bever maker," or hatter. His industry, and 
possibly his marriage with Jannetje Wessels, whose mother owned a 
famous tavern on Pearl street, furnished the reason for his next 
appearance on record as a small burgher, owning property in his 
mother-in-law's neighborhood. After the surrender of New Amster- 
















dam, Edsall found abundant opportunity to engage in buying and 
selling land. The transaction which interests us particularly was the 
purchase of a tract of nearly two thousand acres, with a frontage 
of almost two and a half miles on the Hudson, extending northward 
from Bull's ferry and stretching back to the Overpeck creek and the 
Hackensack river. Samuel EdsalTs own particular farm was near 
what is now Palisades Park. From time to time he sold or leased 
other parts of the estate. Thereby the settlement known as English 
Neighborhood obtained local name and fame. A man of such energy 
and business ability as Edsall displayed, probably could not settle 
down to the routine of farm life. This supposition is supported by 
the following historical instance: In 1639, one Jonas Bronck, who 
is described as "a pious, peaceful and patient Dutchman," bought 
from the Indians a tract of five hundred acres, north of the Harlem 
river, and made the first white settlement in that locality. He called 
his purchase "Emmaus" and, in his religious fervor, hoped to abide 
there in the spirit of his divine Master. But his virtues did not save 
him from death at the hands of treacherous savages. After his 
murder, in 1642, and the dispersion of the few settlers, the tract 
passed through the hands of successive Dutch traders until 1664, 
when it came into the possession of Samuel Edsall, who held it until 
1670, when he sold it to Captain Richard Morris and Colonel Eewis 
Morris, former officers in Cromwell's army and, at the time of pur- 
chase, merchants of Barbadoes. Four years later. Colonel Morris 
obtained a royal patent to Bronck's Land, which afterward became 
the Manor of Morrisania, the second I,ewis, son of Captain Richard, 
exercising, as manor lord, proprietory right. Ele was also head of 
the family which, in every subsequent generation, has given distin- 
guished service to the country. 

Samuel Edsall's energy was not confined solely to the buying anci 
selling of land: he was a man of affairs. As member of Governor 
Carteret's council, he rendered constructive service during the change 
of government from Dutch to English procedure, and his advice was 
sought in matters of moment. At one time he was president of the 
"Court of Judicature" in Bergen; at another time he was associated 
with William Sandford in a special term of the Court of Oyer and 
Terminer. Samuel Edsall must also have possessed qualities which 
met with feminine appreciation, for he was thrice married, the first 
time, as already related, to Jannetje Wessels; Naomi, widow of 
Samuel Moore, of Barbadoes, immigrant ancestor of the Moore 
family of English Neighborhood, was the second helpmeet; Ruth 

[ H] 


Woodhull, whose name suggests Long Island ancestory, completes 
the list. 

Names of this period and later, when additional settlers came 
in, were — Dutch: Brinkerhoft, Paulison, Lydecker, Bensen and Durie 
(Duryea) ; French Huguenot: Lashier (Le Sueur), Montanye, Bour- 
dette and Demarest; English: Moore, Lawrence, Day and Cole. 
Fwo Germans settled on Bull's F'erry Hill: Conrade Sedore, who 
came with his wife Althea from New York State, before the Revo- 


lution; and Andrew Engle, who settled in 1779. Both were blessed 
with large families. Their descendants of the first and second genera- 
tions were actively interested in the organization of the First Baptist 
Church of English Neighborhood. 

The old houses still standing along the former English Neigh- 
borhood road add their chapter to local history, for they are of Dutch 
architecture and Dutch construction. Nearly all Dutch houses of 
early date were built of red sandstone, for the Dutch liked things 
solid. The stone was easily obtained from the fields and convenience 
as well as preference prompted its use. The houses faced south, no 
matter how the adjacent lane or road might run. A hall ran midway 
from the front to the rear of the house, the roof sloping abruptly 



until near the eaves and extending in curved fashion several feet 
beyond the wall. An ell was added to the main structure which 
contained the kitchen in all its glory. The broad fireplace, piled with 
seasoned logs, performed a double service. It provided warmth and, 
when the iron crane with suspended pots and kettles was swung across 
the opening, the blaze did the family cooking. In the rear of many 
large houses were the slave quarters, negro slavery being an accepted 
institution in colonial days. 

Before the beginning of the troubles which led to the Revolu- 
tionary War, life went on in simple fashion in the Neighborhood. 
New settlers had come in, new farm lands had been cleared and 


planted and local conditions and growth occupied the attention of 
the settlement. But while peace reigned in this particular region, 
conditions had not been so favorable in the frontier colonies, farther 
north. The "Seven Years' War" had been transferred to America 
and its last phase was fought out on New World soil as the French 
and Indian War. By the Peace of Paris, in 1763, the French Cana- 
dian possessions were ceded to England. But that was not the end 
of the matter. Up to our own day, every European Avar has sown 
the seeds of a succeeding conliict. In this case, the crop of the sowing 
was the Revolutionary War. 

England claimed, and with right, that she had assisted the col- 
onists with regular troops, and had paid the bills. The colonists had 
contributed men and money, as their thirteen separate and distinct 



legislatures had deemed necessary, not always as promptly or gen- 
erously as the occasion demanded. The home government deciding 
that other methods must be employed to raise funds for frontier 
defence, took the matter into its own hands. The colonists, while 
acknowledging allegiance to the King, did not include Parliament in 
their pledge of loyalty; that body, in their eyes, was a purely English 
institution; they had their own assemblies and their own way of 
making grants and resented outside interference. Neither King, royal 
ministers nor Parliament understood the American colonists, and 
taxes were imposed by Parliamentary authority. The Stamp Act 
failed, owing to the resistance led by Massachusetts and Virginia; 
its repeal was hailed with popular rejoicing. In New York, the Sons 
of Liberty erected a Liberty Pole on the Common. Possibly this 
may have encouraged the landlord of the wayside inn at the head 
of the Neighborhood road to adorn his premises with a similar pole. 

Parliament, in repealing the Stamp Act, reserved to itself the 
right of levying other imposts, which were successively tried and 
abandoned. Finally it put into operation the king's pet idea of "three 
pence a pound tax on tea." For three years, the tea caddy was the 
centre of stormy discussion. The patriot women wouldn't buy the 
taxed product; they brewed, from herbs and leaves, fearful mncoc- 

tions which even patriot intent failed to render ^ ^^ie. Patriot 

men stood by the principle, although they did not go to the extent 
of drinking "near" tea. Matters were now reaching an acute state, 
and sentiment was beginning to divide in English Neighborhood. 
The Dutch residents generally looked upon this land as their home; 
here they had built their homes and had prospered through their own 
labor. The English were not as many generations removed from 
the mother country; to them the king represented duly consecrated 
authority and their contact with royalist New York strengthened their 

Pamphlets and broadsides from New England stimulated the 
cause of the patriot colonists; chance travelers along the Neighbor- 
hood Road stopped for rest and refreshment at the Liberty Pole 
Tavern and brought the latest news gathered from the reports of 
the various "committees of correspondence" throughout the colonies. 
Soon Bergen County decided to form a committee of correspondence. 
The freeholders called a meeting at the Court House in June, 1774, 
and, after expressing in preamble their allegiance to George the Third 
under their constitutional rights and privileges, the assembly stated 
clearly its home rule idea about tax levy. The committee appointed 



at this meeting consisted of fi\-e men, all bearing Dutch names. To 
them was given authorit)- to act with similar committees in the other 
counties in choosing delegates to a general gathering from all the 
American colonies at the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia. 

When British headquarters were established in New York in 
August, 1776, there were trying tiines and experiences in English 
Neighborhood. Tories, ^^■ho had been quiescent up to that time, 
became outspoken in proclaiming their English allegiance. They 
turned against their neighbors and friends and inflicted not only 
annoyance but personal injur)'. Families, too, were divided in some 
instances. Thomas Moore, Mho adhered to the patriot cause, though 
he had held the ofHce of justice, b\' royal commission, died a prisoner 
in the Old Sugar House, New York, a martyr to his faith, at the 
very time his own brother Mas in linglish service in the same city. 
Dominie Garret Lydecker, of the English Neighborhood Church, 
felt it his Christian duty to forsake his congregation, and betake 
himself to lingland, incidentally carrying with him all the church 
records. Another Garret Eydecker, of distant kin, served his country 
faithfully as a captain in the Bergen County militia. 

Reference to the military map of 1778 will give a clear idea of 
the roads and the locations of the farms and names of their owners, 
in the vicinity of English Neighborhood, concerned M'ith the early 
part of the Revolutionary ^Yar. The repetition of the name "Dema- 
ree," a corruption of the name "Des iMarais," indicates the abiding 
places of the descendants of David Des Marais (Demarest). This 
David, the immigrant ancestor of all of the name in New Jersey, 
obtained a large tract of land in 1677, knoM'n as the French Patent, 
along the eastern bank of the Hackensack, and built his own home 
and a small French church on the road betM-een Schraalenbergh and 
Old Bridge. At his death, in 1693, the tract mms divided among 
his immediate descendants. The family tendency toward rearing 
patriarchal families had already made the name prominent in the 

In November, 1776, the interest of English Neighborhood was 
centered on the field fort just completed at Fort Eee. For two 
months the patriot army had been retreating slowly northward along 
the east bank of the Hudson. It Avas known that a stand had been 
made at Fort Washington, Mhere Colonel Magaw had an insufficient 
garrison of regulars and militia. General Greene was in command 
at Fort Eee; the situation Mas doubtful. Washington, on his last 
visit, left explicit instructions that, should Colonel Magaw be de- 



feated, the earthworks on the Jersey side were to be evacuated at 
once. On November 16th, the threatened attack was made and, 
though Magaw made a brave defense, treachery within the garrison 
compelled surrender. On the same evening, Cornwallis transported a 
large force by bateaux across the river and effected a landing at 
Closter, where a narroAV pathway zigzagged to the top of the cliff. 
There was delay, caused by the necessity of widening the road, so 
that the cannon could be hauled to the summit. This interval afforded 
sufHcient time to abandon Fort Lee. 

On the morning of November 18th, the retreat was under way. 
The greater part of the Continentals followed the Neighborhood 
Road to Liberty Pole I'avern, thence to Old Bridge, crossing the 
Hackensack at that point. Others went across the marshes to a 
ferry over the river. The retreat continued for two days, the fugi- 
tive soldiers receiving food and comfort at several farmhouses. At 
the fork of the road where the tavern stood, refreshment was given 
them on their weary way. The name of the landlord has vanished 
from memory, but tradition relates that Washington was a guest at 
the tavern a few days before the retreat, while on his return to 
Hackensack to complete arrangements for the march through the 

Though English Neighborhood was ne\-er the scene of a battle 
during the war, it was the objective point of many raids. The first 
of these occurred immediately after the evacuation of Fort Lee. 
Many families, in anticipation of this event, packed what valuables 
they could find space for in farm wagons, after the families had 
been provided for, and drove away to some more secure locality, 
until the foragers had departed. In the absence of their owners, the 
farms were despoiled of livestock, stores of grain, everything eatable 
and drinkable left in the cupboards, and any light articles which 
appealed to soldier fancy. Houses and outbuildings met with inci- 
dental damage, but there Avas not the wanton destruction which char- 
acterized later raids made with Tory assistance farther up the road. 
The Hessians once marched through English Neighborhood, but at 
a surprisingly quick pace; behind them in hot pursuit was a detach- 
ment of Bergen County militia, led by Captain John Outwater and 
some Continental soldiers. The Hessians had started out to make a 
daybreak attack upon a battalion of Pennsylvania Continentals at 
Paramus. Passing through Hackensack on their way, the Hessians 
lightened the tedium of the march by burning the Court House and 
two near-by dwellings, and by a little chance plundering. This 



roused the militia company, quartered in barns in the vicinity; a 
messenger was despatched to Paramus, and in a short time a pro- 
cession was organized, with the Hessians in advance, "stepping 
lively" over the twelve miles to the shelter of Bergen Woods, losing 
many killed and wounded on the way. On the American side, the 
casualties were two wounded. 

When the war was over, the Neighborhood adjusted itself to 
changed conditions; the men who had been in service returned to the 
farms, but not to dull routine; many of them, in the course of the 
next years, served on the Board of Freeholders or on township com- 
mittees, and later still were representatives in the state legislature. 
Some of the refugees came back and meekly took their places in the 
community, but Sam Cole, who had been a specially virulent Tory, 
was received with the freedom of a rope's end. That was the last 
echo of war; the Hghting spirit found expression in church differences 
on doctrinal points, but the shots fired were merely verbal. During 
the three decades following the war, growth was slow; but, as an- 
cestral estates were divided through marriage settlements and occa- 
sional sales, a few new houses were built. No marked additions 
were made to prevailing Neighborhood names through marriages; 
the county families were not so very numerous; men did not go far 
afield to seek their life partners, and the women did not travel at 
all; so in course of time all these families were related in some degree. 

The period mentioned saw the passing of the old Liberty Pole 
Tavern, which after years of disuse and changes In ownership came, 
in 1813, into the possession of Teunis Cooper. The new owner, 
later on, tore down the greater part of the old stone building and 
erected a frame structure in its place, to which additions were sub- 
sequently made. The property remained in the hands of Teunis 
Cooper and his heirs for many years and was known as the Cooper 
homestead. The original building was probably owned by Samuel 
Campbell, born in Schraalenbergh in 1745; he may have been a 
brother of David Campbell, a Revolutionary soldier, who is buried 
in the churchyard of the Old South Church. Samuel Campbell Is 
known to have given a mortgage on the property. In 1785, to John 
G. Benson. From Campbell, the next owner seems to have been 
John Westervelt, though there is no deed recorded. The following 
owner of record is Peter Christie, in February, 1807; from Christie 
ownership passed in December, 1813, to Teunis Cooper. The Cooper 
house, much changed by alterations, with the stone wall of its easterly 
wing the only remnant of the original building, is now the residence 



of Dr. Valentine Ruch, and the oldest surviving descendant of Teunis 
Cooper, is his daughter, Rachel, widow of David I. Bogert. [Mrs. 
Bogert has passed away since these lines were written.] 

While the old building was still standing, but unused, a second 
Liberty Pole Tavern was built, directly opposite its predecessor, at 
the juncture of three roads — English Neighborhood, the Tenafly 
lane, and "the road that leads to Teaneck," now Lafayette Avenue. 
The builder of this second tavern was John Vanderbeek, born at 

Built on the site of the original Liberty Pole Tavern 

Schraalenbergh, February 20th, 1780, son of Jacob Vanderbeek and 
Margrietje Berdan. The property of twenty acres, on which the 
tavern was located, was bought by young Vanderbeek from John S. 
Banta, who in his turn had purchased this and two other parcels of 
land from Samuel Campbell, in 1802. The inn was built of stone in 
a rambling style of architecture. Here John Vanderbeek and Jane, 
his wife, daughter of Samuel Campbell, set up housekeeping and 
hotel-keeping in 1804. From an article written some years since by 
Nelson K. Vanderbeek on "The Liberty Pole Tavern," we quote a 
description of the attractive arrangement of the inn presided over 
by John and Jane Vanderbeek: 

"The barroom occupied the entire easterly front of the main build- 
ing, on the first story, and that was entered through a Dutch door at 



the level of the outside grade, and also through a hallway from the 
north end. A spacious kitchen occupied an entire wing at the south 
end of the building. This kitchen, 
and the good wife who presided 
o\'er it, were known far and wide 
for the quantity and quality of the 
good things which came out of the 
large Dutch oven and spacious tire- 
place, at the celebration of some 
public or social event. The bai-- 
room, with its sanded floor, beamed 
ceiling and great fireplace, had no 
terrors for the simple country folk 
of those days, for it was kept in a 
quiet and orderly manner. Directly 
o\-er the barroom was the parlor or 
best room of the house, used for 
spinning parties, quilting parties and 
other gatherings of the ladies." 
Thus it appears that the landlord 
of a well-regulated tavern conducted 
a business approved and needed by the community and was himself a 
respected member of society. In 1835, this building was entirely 
destroyed by fire and was replaced the same year by a more modern 
frame structure, erected on the same site. Of this building we shall 
speak in the chapter following. 





HE rebuildingof the tavern was accomplished in a very short 
time, with the aid of friendly neighbors who were masters 
of their craft. This helping-hand spirit showed the kindli- 
ness of old neighborhood days and also expressed apprecia- 
tion of the important place the inn occupied in community life. There 
was no architectural pretension about the new structure but it had some 
compensating modern touches. The first story now stood above 
grade and a short flight of steps led to a roofed piazza, extending 
across the front and south end of the building. Ventilation Avas 
greatly improved by means of a central hall running through the 
building, from the front to the rear entrance, and, when both doors 
were opened, a thorough airing was assured. The Dutch oven prob- 
ably remained a feature of the kitchen but there is warrant for the 
belief that a cooking stove supplanted the fireplace. It is related 
that this was the first building in the vicinity in whose construction 
mill-sawn lumber was used. 

When the house was ready for opening, the Liberty Pole, which 
had been somewhat damaged in the former fire, now completely 
repaired and resplendent in a coat of fresh paint, displayed Old 
Glory at the mast-head. 7 his pole had a bit of history of its own. 
John Vanderbeek, as became his Dutch blood, liked to have things 
solid. So, when he erecteci the flagstaff, he chose a chestnut pole, 
sixteen inches in diameter at the base, hewn in octagon shape and 
rising seventy feet from the ground to a mast extending some twenty 
feet from this point. Surrounding the mast was a liberty cap, carved 
out of white oak. To insure stability, the butt of the pole was im- 
bedded in eight feet of solid masonry. The pole was originally 
erected in commemoration of the election of Andrew Jackson to the 
Presidency of the United States. Bergen was straight Democratic 
in those days, and, as the tavern, at that time and for many years 
thereafter, was the sole polling-place of the township, "Old Hickory" 
undoubtedly received the whole vote. As a symbol of local partisan- 


ship, a bushel of hickory-nuts was buried at the base of the pole. 
At least, so rumor has it. 

Election day then was. In truth, a protracted meeting, though not 
by reason of the size of the vote or of complications in counting the 
ballot. Each voter announced his choice of candidates by word of 
mouth, and his preference was recorded by the inspectors, so there 

as at present 

could be no subsequent questioning of "the intention of the voter." 
The day Itself, outside the performance of civic duty, was a sort of 
annual reunion of residents of the township who came from near 
and far, by wagon or on horseback. The mere act of voting did not 
consume much time, so there was ample opportunity to gather In 
groups and to discuss township affairs, crops, neighborhood news, 
and, perhaps, to retail a bit of social gossip until the dinner-bell rang. 
This was a gladsome sound, for the landlord and his wife served a 
bounteous meal at moderate cost and there were no tiresome restric- 
tions as to beverages accompanying the dinner. In the afternoon, 
there were outdoor sports for the younger men. The crowning event. 
In which old and young participated, either as spectators or per- 
formers, was the amateur horse race on a half-mile stretch of Tenafly 

There were other gatherings in the Immediate neighborhood, not 
hmited to a single day in the year. Situated just back of the two 
elm trees, shown In the illustration of the third tavern, was the stone 
schoolhouse, erected in 1818 to replace a building of primitive type. 
This later school was built by a corporation known as the Liberty 
Union School Company. The actual construction was done by Peter 
Westervelt, Jr., a prominent builder of the day, assisted by Andrew 



Demarest, John Westervelt, Abraham Sciver and John Banta. A 
record of 1829 names Peter Westervelt, Jr., Peter J. Cole, Garret 
Westervelt, Garret Lydecker and Jacob De Mott as trustees. This 
was the neighborhood school where the boys and girls received the 
beginning and sometimes the whole of their education. The school 
roll of January, 1830, is a sort of directory of the names of Liberty 
Pole residents, though it does not signify that children of the same 
surname belonged to one family. At the time mentioned, the scholars 


One of the projectors and incorporators of the Northern Railroad 


climbing the hill of knowledge were — of the Westervelt family, 
Henry D., Henry G., and Rachael; the Demarest representatives were 
Jemima, James, David, Jacob and John; the Brinckerhoffs were 
Henry, Cornelius, and Hetty; David and Jane Vanderbeek probably 
came from the family which kept the inn; James and John Lydecker 
belonged to the English Neighborhood family, and Sally Cole, John 
J. Durie, Jacob De Mott, and Katherine Van Buskirk were the single 
representatives of other famihes. 

Teaching was not a highly lucrative profession in those days, as 
two receipts for salary show. The first, of Feb. 17, 1830, signed 
by Moses Hall, acknowledges the receipt of "$30 in part payment of 
the third quarter of the present year, which ended the thirteenth of 
last Januarv: balance due, $58." The second bears the signature 



ot Joseph B. Miller, who received $47.24 and $6.75 for teaching." 

As the future "Squire" Miller forgot to date the receipt, we shall 

never know whether payment was "in full to date." 

For over three decades the schoolhouse served the educational 

needs of Liberty Pole. Its usefulness in this locality ended about 

185rj, ^\'hen the building was torn 

down and the stones and other 

material were carted to Highwood 

and reassembled in a schoolhouse 

still standing in the new locality. 

Among the teachers in charge in 

the course of years was Miss Ellen 

S\^■ett. There are today many 

Highwood residents who recall 

their schooling under her energetic 


Before the removal of the 

school building, Liberty Pole Tav- 
ern acquired new importance as 

the starting point of a stage line, 
consisting of one vehicle, between 

Liberty Pole and Hoboken. This 
was an event in the career of the 
inn and ranked as a most progres- 
sive un(iertaking. Up to the be- 
ginning of this enterprise, the only way of reaching the ferry to New 
lork was by private conveyance, a lift on a farm wagon, or by the 
coach which ran from Hackensack to Hoboken. To use the last- 
named means of travel implied walking or driving to Hackensack or 
to the half-way station at John Meyer's hotel at Leonia. Who 
backed this enterprise does not appear, but probably the Vanderbeek 
landlord of the day had a financial interest in the plan. On each 
week-day morning the stage started from the tavern at seven o'clock, 
sometimes with a few passengers, sometimes with none. Li either 
case, as the stage proceeded on its way, the driver announced its 
approach with blasts on a not too melodious horn. Here and there, 
mtendmg travelers, waiting at a crossroad or in front of their homes, 
would be picked up, and the stage was usually pretty well filled. The 
route lay through the English Neighborhood Road and continued in 
a southerly direction until the "Three Pidgeons," a roadside inn, was 


One of the Incorporators oT the 

Northern Raihoad 



reached, where a short halt was made. Then the journey was re- 
sumed through Bergen \yood, past the turning at Weehawken lead- 
ing to the river, and along the heights to the road sloping down to 
Hoboken ferry. The return was made at four o'clock. The trip 
took three hours each way. 

This mode of travel continued for several years and served the 
needs of local travelers but contributed in no way to the development 
and building up of the vicinity. The situation might have continued 
to the end of the then generation, had it not been for the enterprise 
of certain residents of English Neighborhood, who conferred together 
anci originated the plan of a railroad through the Northern Valley. 
Among this group of promoters, the two men most prominently 
identifieci with the enterprise whose energy brought the plan to 
a successful culmination were John Van Brunt and Thomas W. 
Demarest. Mr. Van Brunt came of an old Dutch family, being 
a lineal descendant of Rutger Joesten \'an Brunt, the immigrant who 
settled in New Utrecht, Long Island, in 1653. Inheriting the energy 
of this distant ancestor, Mr. Van Brunt's whole life was a scene of 
recurring activities. Before coming to English Neighborhood, Mr. 
Van Brunt had carried on a successful business in New York. His 
interest in New Jersey began with his marriage to Margaret, daughter 
of Peter Westervelt, jr., a well-known builder. In 1834, four years 
after his marriage, he disposed of his New York affairs and settled 
with his wife on a large farm on the Neighborhood Road, where his 
father-in-law had built a large house for the Van Brunts. The farm 
was well managed and was a source of profit. Mr. Van Brunt's 
executive ability enabled him to engage in the work of improving 
the schools in the township and to serve for twenty years as Town 
Superintendent of Education. Moreover, he was owner of a general 
store of the real country sort, served two terms as State Senator, was 
the first Township treasurer, promoted the building of the Northern 
railroad, was later the secretary and treasurer of the road, and was 
indefatigable in aiding in the development of Englewood. 

Thomas W. Demarest, co-worker with John Van Brunt in the 
railroad venture, was a descendant of many generations of David 
Des Marais, the Huguenot immigrant and patentee of Bergen 
County. Mr. Demarest's father was the Rev. Cornelius T. Dema- 
rest, a well-known minister of the True Reformed Dutch Church. 
The son was therefore well educated, possessed of ability, lived on 
an ancestral farm, and followed his father's example by marrying 



into the Lydecker family. Though an adherent of the Dutch Re- 
formed faith, he departed from the paternal path and, instead of 
entering the ministry, entered into politics, served in the Assembly, 
as County Clerk and on the Township Committee, and promoted 
the railroad. 

The task of the promoters of the railroad was not an easy one. 
First of all they had to overcome the prejudice of the residents of 
the Northern Valley against a change of any kind in the manner of 
life which had satisfied their fathers and grandfathers. The argu- 


ments for building new houses, selling land to outsiders and bringing 
in new people, fell upon unsympathetic ears. Nevertheless, the pro- 
jectors set out to obtain capital, if they could, and rights of way from 
the most conservative of conservatives, the land owners of Dutch 
descent on the line of the proposed railroad. On February 9th, 
1854, the road was incorporated by act of the Legislature, the in- 
corporators named in the act being John Van Brunt, Thomas W. 
Demarest, Samuel R. Demarest, Thomas H. Herring, John Van 
Buskirk, Nicholas C. Durie, Charles Hasbrouck, Stephen Martling 
and Ralph S. Demarest. The capital stock was declared to be one 
million dollars, divided into shares of one hundred dollars each. 
The financing and construction of railroads was not an advanced art 
in those days. Progress was slow and more than one contractor 




failed before the work was completed. But in all the difficulties and 
delays the promoters never lost heart and backed their faith Mith 
their own resources. 

Here again the tavern proved 
to be a helpful factor. The chief 
engineer put up at the inn on his 
regular visits of supervision and 
inspection. Section foremen had 
their temporary home in the same 
place. Workmen brought from 
the outside found accommodation 
along the line, except during the 
last year, when Robert Pratt took 
care of a number in the house he 
had just built on the corner of 
what was later Engle street and 
Demarest avenue. The inn was, 
more than ever before, an evening 
meeting place. As there was no- 
where else to go, there were always 
numbers of railroad men on hand 
at these nightly gatherings. As a 

matter of course they talked about their present job, compared it with 
former undertakings, told how towns had sprung up in the wake of 
railroads they had helped to build and how property had doubled in 
value. The neighbors heard these things again and again and prob- 
ably pondered these sayings in their hearts, for sentiment changed, 
interest in the coming railroad quickened, and the good old days of 
yore began to move up-stage. 

One evening in the early summer of 185 8, when the completion 
of the road was in sight, the engineer-in-chief brought a friend out 
with him from New York. Outsiders had been in the habit of 
appearing frequently on business of the road, but this particular 
visitor was something out of the ordinary and rather puzzling to 
the neighboring public. The guest was a fine-looking man in the 
middle thirties, courteous in manner but singularly uncommunicative 
concerning the purpose of his visit. All the information which re- 
warded strenuous effort was that the stranger was J. Wyman Jones 
and that he came from New York. But if the residents learned 
nothing, Mr. Jones was more fortunate in his tour of inspection with 




his friend, along the line of the railroad and over the country slop- 
ing down from the Palisades. 

The visitor was a transplanted native of New Hampshire, a law- 
yer by profession, successful in practice, but now, in obedience to 
medical advice, seeking to combine, with outdoor life, an occupation 
which would call into play his energy, executive ability and knowl- 
edge of human nature. The occupation and opportunity presented 
themselves in this little old-time settlement. A second visit followed, 
and at the Van Brunt homestead where he stayed Mr. Jones met 



men interested in the railroad and in the development of the locality. 
Fully impressed with the natural beauty and advantages of this part 
of the county, and equally convinced of the possibility of creating 
a village of homes out of farms and fields, Mr. Jones began at once 
to secure property rights from the original owners. By the fall of 
1858, he had obtained control of nearly all the land comprising the 
original village of Englewood. The land thus acquired consisted of 
six farms, two on the south side of Palisade Avenue, then a rough 
wood-road, and the other four on the north side of the same road. 
These farms were long and narrow and stretched from the valley 
to the Hudson River. 

These farms, which formed the nucleus of the future village, 
were part of the original patent granted by Queen Anne of England 
in the early part of the eighteenth century to Gerrit Lydecker, son 



of Ryck Lydecker, founder of the family in America. Of Ryck 
Lydecker, it is recorded that he emigrated from Holland in 1660 and 
was one of the first settlers of Bushwick, Long Island. He was 
chosen magistrate of the settlement, and, in the Indian troubles of 
1663, was appointed captain of the local militia by Governor Stuy- 
vesant. Gerrit, the patentee, eld- 
est son of Captain Ryck, was born 
in Holland in 1650, married Neel- 
tie, daughter of Cornelius Corne- 
lisen, in the Dutch Church of New 
York in 1682. Between 1691 and 
1696, he moved with his family to 
New Jersey and settled in English 
Neighborhood. The New Jersey 
Lydeckers are all descended from 
the patentee. 

The early Lydecker families 
were large. In almost every gen- 
eration there was a Garret, as the 
name was written later, in the fam- 
ily. Indeed there were sometimes 
two of the name, if the first Garret 
did not tarry long in this troubled 
world. This arose from a custom 
of Colonial days of bestowing upon 

a succeeding male child of the family the baptismal name of a brother 
who had died in infancy, a practice somewhat puzzling to the future 
genealogist. Of the numerous Garrets, the third of the name was a 
captain in Colonel Theunis Dey's regiment of Bergen County militia, 
during the Revolution. After the war, he served in the State legisla- 
ture. The son of the Revolutionary soldier, the second Garret of this 
family, as a lad of fifteen, did a man's part when the British descended 
upon English Neighborhood after the evacuation of Fort Lee by 
General Greene. The Lydecker farm was on the route of the maraud- 
ders and it was necessary for the family to seek safety by flight. So 
the boy Garret drove one of the farm wagons, containing household 
treasures, to New Bridge and crossed the river in the wake of the 
retreating Continental troops. The farm was despoiled of its live 
stock while occupied by the enemy, but the farm house and out- 
buildings were unharmed. This youth succeeded in after years to 
the ownership of the farm, and in 1803 built, in place of the old 




farm house, the substantial stone homestead still standing on Grand 

The succeeding generations continued in the path of their for- 
bears. The men as a rule engaged in agricultural pursuits and were 
useful and respected members of the community. At various times 
they served on township committees, on the Board of Freeholders, 
and also in the State legislature. Garret A. Lydecker, born in 1811, 
was intimately associated with the beginning of Englewood. From 



Mr. Lydecker and his brother-in-law, Thomas W. Demarest, most 
of the options on ancestral acres were procured. Garret A. Lydecker 
was a committeeman of both Hackensack and Englewood townships, 
also serving as freeholder for the former township for three years. 
His farm, inherited by bequest of his grandfather, the fourth Garret, 
was the center of the original tract on which the 1803 house stands. 
The lineal descendants of the ninth generation from Ryck 
Lydecker of Bushwick, residing in Englewood today, are Thomas 
William Lydecker, the present occupant and owner of the home- 
stead on Grand Avenue, Ralph Demarest Lydecker, brother of the 
preceding, John Lydecker, of Chester Place, a retired builder, and 
Mrs. Stanley Parsons, Miss Elizabeth Lydecker and Miss Kate 



Lydecker, daughters of the late Hon. CorneHus Lydecker, residing 
on part of the Garret J. Lydecker farm on Grand Avenue. 

The original Lydecker patent covered almost the whole of what 
is now Englewood, approximately from Demarest Avenue on the 
north to Van Nostrand Avenue on the south and extending to the 
Hudson River. In the course of years, through marriage settlements 
or sale, the grant was divided into several farms. One of these, a 
tract of over three hundred acres, extending north to Demarest 
Avenue, west to the brook on what is now West Palisade Avenue, 
and stretching eastward over the Palisades to the Hudson, was the 
dowry which Margaret Lydecker brought to her husband. Dominie 

Built in 1808 by Peter Westervelt 

Cornelius T. Demarest, a noted clergyman of the Dutch Church, 
who held charges in Ridgefield, English Neighborhood and in New 
York, and who was a militant leader in the movement originating 
in differences in doctrine which resulted in the formation of the True 
Dutch Reformed Church. This tract was known as "the Dominie 
Demarest farm," though the wife furnished the acres. The farm 
house, which was standing at the time of the founding of Englewood, 
was a frame building painted white, with green shutters, and was 
perched on an elevation on the corner of what is now Palisade 
Avenue and Engle Street, the present site of the Lyceum. Of the 
other farms on the southern tract was one of one hundred acres 
owned by Martha Lydecker, wife of John Van Nostrand. This is 
marked by Van Nostrand Avenue. Nearby was the farm of an 
older sister who married Thomas W. Demarest. The stone house 
fronting on Grand Avenue, on this farm, was built in 1811, and after 



the death of Mr. Demarest was occupied for many years by the late 
Miss Mary C. Bancker. 

The sections north of the Thomas W. Demarest farm were called 
the John \'an Brunt and Westervelt farms. The Van Brunt home- 
stead was built about 1834 by Peter Westervelt, Jr., for his daughter 
who had married John Van Brunt. In its day the farm, with its 
spacious house and well-kept barns and outbuildings, was the show 


place of the township. Now there remains but the memory of its 
palmy days and of John Van Brunt's stalwart sons. Only one son, 
the eldest, Henry D. Van Brunt, is still living in Englewood. The 
Westervelt house is close at hand and stands facing south on an ele- 
vation on the east side of Grand Avenue. This building was erected, 
in 1808, by Henry De Mott for his daughter, the wife of Peter 
Westervelt. It is now occupied and owned by Miss Margaretta 
Westervelt. Both the house and the surrounding grounds are kept 
with scrupulous care. It must be remembered that all the farm houses 
were built near to English Neighborhood road, which was the one 
and only thoroughfare, and the farm lands themselves stretched 



away from the high road. Both the Garret A. and Garret J. farms 
have been mentioned. North of the Garret A. Lydecker farm was 
a tract of between one hundred and two hundred acres, which was 
owned by John Lydecker, the brother of Garret who built the 1803 
house. A smaller tract, owned by Garret A. Lydecker and others, 
was sold by acreage and plots. Between this last and the Dominie 


Demarest farm was the Benson farm, which came into the posses- 
sion of Johannes Benson (or Bense) through marriage with Eliza- 
beth Lydecker, May 3, 1724. Their descendants built the old stone 
house standing on the west side of Grand Avenue, just below Engle- 
wood Avenue. 

Durinp- the fall of 1858 and through the winter, when the weather 
permitted, the work of surveying the property was begun and con- 
tinued, so that, by the early summer of 1859, the village was laid 
out on paper, building sites were plotted, streets were named and a 
map was filed in the clerk's office of Bergen County. The map was 
filed in August, and Mr. Jones, who had brought his family out in 
the spring and taken up residence at the Van Brunt home, had been 
working indefatigably to make actual the roads shown on the plan 
and to start vital improvements. Though there were trees in abund- 
ance on the Palisades, there was scarcely a tree on the land on which 



the village was laid out. There was not a road worthy of the name, 
and outside the houses already mentioned there were only a few 
scattered farm houses. It seemed as if the founder must possess 

Built on the Dominie Deniarest Farm. The farmhouse on the extreme right 

the power of a wizard to conjure up a village out of rough fields 
and farms. But there was one enterprising man who did not wait for 
the village to be established before he built his house. That man 
was James Wasson Deuel. He arrived in 1858 and started the 
building of a house, partly for a dwelling and partly for a school for 
the village to be. 

This probably led to the important step of choosing a name for 
the village still in anticipation. A meeting was called at Van Brunt 
and Waters' carpenter shop in the rear of John Van Brunt's store. 
It was largely attended by the residents of English Neighborhood 
and by those interested with Mr. Jones in his venture. We tread 
softly just here. We are on the sacred ground of tradition and have 
no disposition to enter into an unsettled controversy. Names were 
suggested and laughed out of court. At last an acceptable name was 
offered. Some said the proposition came from J. Wyman Jones, 
others declared it was the inspiration of Joseph B. Miller. As to 
derivation, some said it was taken from English Neighborhood, and 
others declared it was a combination of the name of the Engle fam- 
ily, who lived at New Durham, and the woods on the Palisades. So 
far as historical testimony is concerned, it is a moot question, though 
there is no difference of opinion as to the attractiveness of the name. 



With choice of name accompHshed and the opening of the rail- 
road only a question of weeks, the awakening of the Northern Valley 
was at hand. Liberty Pole Tavern realized that its prestige had 
departed. Its lease of life still had years to run, but it could glory 
no longer in its role as community centre, and the days were growing 
near when its Revolutionary traditions would be dimmed in the 
actualities of a greater war. 

v^ ■_.-! 

1 '..MNMitt.1^ 














1- V 1 







PIONEER YEARS, 1859-'61 

HE summons which roused the Northern Valley from peace- 
ful repose was not the sonorous blast of a trumpet but the 
equally effective, high-pitched tooting of a locomotive 
whistle. The twenty-sixth day of May, 1859, was the date 
of the awakening. The scene was the terminus at Piermont, the occa- 
sion, the formal opening of the Northern Valley Railroad. At an 
early morning hour the train, carrying officials and invited guests, got 
under way, with whistle tooting and bell clanging. Persons from the 
vicinity were on hand to witness the departure. As the start was 
made, public sentiment concerning the undertaking found expression in 
varied form. Small boys whooped with delight as the wheels went 
round; young men cheered and young women waved their handker- 
chiefs; but the elders, regarding the expedition as a distinct flying into 
the face of Providence, shook their heads mournfully until the train 
disappeared from sight. 

The train rolled southward, stopping at "stations" to take up 
additional guests. Then, with smoke pouring from the funnel-shaped 
stack, it clattered over the rails to Jersey City. While awaiting in 
the yard the New York contingent of travellers, the tender was 
refreshed with a supply of short length hickory logs and the engine 
took a drink at the water tank. A direct run was made to Piermont 
without untoward incident, a luncheon was served, speeches were 
made, and at the close of the celebration the train conveyed the 
guests to their respective stations. 

Though the road was now formally opened, a single passenger 
train of two cars, running once a day each way, supplied the needs 
of the limited travelling public. The interval between the morning 
and evening trains was employed in transporting lumber and other 
materials in flat cars from the Jersey City lumber yards to places on 
the line, where stations were to be built, and to supply carpenter 
shops which were springing up in anticipation of building operations. 
In the fall of the year, when the first residents began to appear, 
railroad service was increased to three trains daily each way, except 


Sundays. A thoughtful provision was that of a "stop on signal" 
shed at Van Brunt's, a short mile south of the Englewood station. 
This was a con\ cnience appreciated by summer boarders at the \'an 
Brunt farm, and by prospective residents, who had found temporary 
accommodation in near-bv farm houses. The time table indicated a 
decided preference for early hours. 1 here was no coming out late 
from New York when the last train left at 5 :50 P. M. ; going in to 
town late was attended ^vlth similar difficulty. Sixty odd years ago 
people kept earlier hours, for one thing, and, where country roads 

V o n o p i: N I N o o k i - 1-: u ration ", 


B .>. .<i.vMor;:, u, ,<. :':.M \u:.-i'. J. van bul'NT, 


1- ' ■" '' .;.i't!' .il -^ A, M., :",ii- .TiT='\v City, fltopping at all Stations to receive 

■-■ I. i ■ ■ y Ci y. fr-,n ti;.- ti.M-it, s;.l- ..f the N, J,. Tt. It. Oo'i* Passenger Car 

II" '^ . I" ' ■ V. M.. ;inil rn!, iliro'ifth !.i ['ii-niiont. without stopptnK, 

I - I'-.M.uiii lot J,:r^cy Ciiy at aSit P. M., andttop atRUStations, and 


were unlighted save at full moon, it was a sensible arrangement to 
get folks home before dark. 

When this first rapid transit change ^^•as made, a brand new car- 
penter shop, with steam power, -was ready for business on the road 
leading to the "stop on signal" station. The sign over the door read 
"Van Brunt and \Yaters." The first named on the sign was Adriance 
Van Brunt, one of the older sons of John Van Brunt, and an architect 
by profession. This firm had built the Deuel house, in 185 8, on -what 
is now the Ditman property on Lydecker Street, before the village 
had been named. The prospect of building opportunities in 1859 
soon brought other builders to the Held. Among the first of these 
was Moses ¥.. Springer who, in April, 1859, "came out of the West" 
from Beaverdam, Wisconsin. Mr. Springer was a native of New 
York City, who, after a brief course of education in the public 
schools, was apprenticed to a country carpenter from whom he learned 
all foundation details of the trade. Then in his own city he added, 
under competent instruction, a knowledge of house building. The 

[ 42 ] 


IW-YOBK k PfflfllT. 

On and after MONDAY, Sept. Bth, 1859, tlio Ti 
follows, rlaily {Pm days cxcoptofl): 

■ill 1,0 



9.20 A M i^assengor an3 "Fre^liT^raii V 

3.50 P.iyt. Kxpri^Ps Pnpsongcr Train, sU 

pnsack Junction, F*^rt Lee 

Tappan and Tipper Piennont 

5,50 P.M.. AVay Passenger Train, stopj 


rip pi n^ "a la Jl s f fl f i ons: ■ =-• -~^-'** -'*• 
ppinf? at Knf^lisli Neigh borbood, Hack- 
Kiiglewnof], T.nwpr Closter, Closter, 

ing at all stations. 


6.30 A.M. Wbj Passenger Ti»iinst«pling at all st.itioTiR. 

7,45 A.M. Express Passenger Train, Jtopping at Upper Piormont; Tappan, 
• '. Closter, Lower Closter, Engfewood, Fort Lee and -Hack't Junctioil.- 
•i3.25!P.M.- Passenger niid FreightTraiij, stopping at. all stations; ■ '. ; 

At, EIEBJIPXT ihe 7.46 A..M. Down Trajj-and the S.SpP.lI. Up Train connect.-mh, 

At Haokensack Junction for.'. 

Low«~croVtVr"for"..'..T. ..":. BCHBA LLENBUHQ._»nd„»EW MILI^i^. . 



PleSnSnttbr t- Nr ACK, if E^ClT^.&o. , . 

COMMUTATION TICKETS will be isj^aed either for one yfnr, six months, or tlyeo 

months, commencing on tli^ first day of each month. 

Heflvv Freieht will be taken on the 9.20 Up Train and the 3.25 P.M.Down Train- 

Light plokSea S Perishable Articles on the 8.30 A.M. Down Troln & 5.60 P.M. Up Srain. 

Freight Office, foot of Corllnniif Strci-l, N. Y. 

B. S. SEYMOUE, Sup't. 


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C« r; 

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ii X 


2 2 


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slogan "go West" tempted him later, and he started a steam planing- 
mill at Beaverdam, two years before the money panic of 1857 caused 
general business depression. In consequence, like many another, Mr. 
Springer lost his investment and had to start anew. Just as he was 
about to return with his family to New York, he learned of the new 
village in Jersey and the opportunities it offered, and Englewood 
became his object^^'e point. Entering as a journeyman in Van Brunt 
and Waters' shop, Mr. Springer speedily demonstrated his practical 



knowledge of the building trade and was enabled, the following 
year, to purchase Mr. Waters' interest in the firm. The fall of 1859 
brought back to his native place Andrew Demarest Bogert, born in 
Teaneck, a member of the old Bergen County family founded in 
1662 by Guilliam Bougaert, immigrant from Holland. Mr. Bogert 
had, at an early age, entered the employ of a prominent builder in 
New York City and learned every detail of the business from be- 
ginning to end. This practical experience was supplemented by tech- 
nical study in the Cooper Institute Night School, so that, when the 
young man returned home, he was qualified to enter business on his 
own account. The third member of the craft, who came from Utica, 
N. Y., in 1860, was Henry Jones, a Welshman by birth, who had 

■ [45] 

nil-: HOOK i^i' I'NOLi'woon 

alrcLuh' \\ on a ropiir.inoa in Ins Ioimiu'i' i\'sii.k'iK"o. Some ol tlu' iimst 
miportaiit: Iniikliii^s in tlic \allai;\' wci'o Iniih In Mr. Jonos. 

riici-c was vk'inand bctoi'L' Kmij;" lor tlu- si.'r\ici.' oi InnKK'i-s, ior 
the :hvcc 1 loiiians lainilK's came to l'nL:,K'\\ooi! in the suiniiK-i- ol 
this first pioneer \ear. 1 he ekier l. Smith 1 lomans .iiul lamih made 
their temporar\ home in the Pominie Hemarest house; the sons, 
1. Smith 1 lomans, Jr., .iiul Shepp.n\l 1 lomans, with their res[ieeti\e 
lamihes, were t.iken e.ire ol in l.irmers' houses in the \iemii\. The 
ekier siMi at this time assoei.iteii with his l.itlier in the puhhe.i- 
tion ol the "[^ankers' Maoa/me," aiul Sliepip.irJ 1 lomans\ 
Ol the Mutiuil l.ile Insuranee Ckunpam ol New \ ork. As almost the 
earliest arm, lis, the I Kimanses h,ul ehoiee ol Iniikiimj, siies. The 
head ol the lamiK bought [iropert\ on the lun-th side ol P.ilis.ule 
.ueiuie ,ind kiter built the house whieh, in enl.irL:,ed propiirtions, is 
now the home ol the 1 n^lewooil Club. The brothers went l.irther 
up on the same side ol the .neiuie, be\ oiul Hr.uion street, and 
bought ,1 kiiL^e traet upon whieh the\ built houses ol n,iti\e sloiie, 
with earrniLie houses and st.ibles. Mr. Jones built .i stone eott.ioe on 
Br.iyton street, near Ikihsade axeiuie, .iiul ,i m.msion with kirge 
grounds, lurther north on the same street. |ust west of l?r.i\toii 
street, on Pahsatle .neiuie, H\ roii Miirra\, Jr., ereeted .i house in 
the Swiss st\le. .\s kdmr had to be brought Irom outside, these 
buildings were not eompleted until the second year ol the \lll.ige 

I. Smith 1 lomans and J. ^^'\nlan Jones became actlveh .issoeiated 
in the de\elopment ol the \illage. land was cheap and with im- 
pro\ed railroad serviee, impro\ed roads and the judicious planting 
of trees, the settlement could become a sought-for spot of countr\- 
homes. Neither ol the two men was actuated b\ [nircb altruislie 
moti\es. Plans were nuule on business principles with a \iew to sat- 
islaetor\' return on mone\ Imested. It is dillicult to reconl .dl trans- 
actions h\ exact date, but tluw belong within the pioneer years. 
Sheppard 1 lomans was interested linaneiall\' in some of these \ en- 
tures, but he was not litted by temperament oi- prcdcssional training 
lor real estate promotion. 

I he combined efforts oi these associates, aided b\ their e\tensi\e 
acciuaintancc, resulted in bringing to k'nglcwood a desirable class of 
residents. Ad\ertismg methods were unnecessary, for each new 
comer interested some Irieiul in countr\' life and, e\entuall\, grouiis 
ol lormer neighbors in Hrookbn and New "^'ork found ihemsches 
established in the same relation in the Jerse\' \illage. This eircum- 

r 40 1 



stance made the basis of the new community one of friendship and 
common interest. 

Among the early arrivals of 
1859 was the Rev. James Harri- 
son Dwight, who had just com- 
pleted his first charge after or- 
dination as supply for the Presby- 
terian Church of Cherry Valley, 
N. Y. Mr. Dwight was the son 
of the Rev. Dr. H. G. O. Dwight, 
a missionary to Turkey, and was 
born on the Island of Malta dur- 
ing his parents' journey to their 
field of work. At the age of 
seventeen, Mr. Dwight returned 
to this country and completed his 
education at Williston Seminary, 
East Hampton, Mass., and at 
Yale College, from which he was 
graduated in 1852. He then en- 
tered the Union Theological 

Seminary and attended lectures at the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, in preparation for service in Turkey as teacher and med- 
ical missionary. Circumstances rendering this plan impossible of 
fulfillment, Mr. Dwight was ordained in 1857, two years later com- 
ing to Englewood to engage in pastoral work. 

There was at the time no church in the immediate vicinity of 
Englewood. The nearest places of worship were the North and 
South Churches at Schraalenburgh and the Old Church of English 
Neighborhood (Ridgefield). These were all Dutch Reformed 
Churches, established by the original settlers of Bergen County. 
Distance as well as rough roads precluded walking to service, the 
farm carryalls were all well filled with the farmers' families, and 
livery carriages were unknown. The new people held Sunday meet- 
ings, by courtesy, in the parlor of some near-by farm house, until 
James W. Deuel offered the schoolroom in his newly completed 
building as a place of Sunday worship and mid-week prayer meeting. 
Mr. Dwight began his work in Englewood in this schoolroom, with 
a handful of worshippers as congregation. 

In the late summer, though the group was still small and there 
was as yet no wealth to draw upon, the same individuals who were 



active in nromotiniT Eno-lcwood undertook to raise funds for the 
erection of a chapel. Stipulations contained in the subscription 
paper provided that a lot large enough for the present structure 
and future enlargement should be secured without expense, speci- 
fied the cost of the building and the method of conveyance to an 
orthodox congregation of the Congregational, Presbyterian or Dutch 
Reformed denominations. The ground was immediately donated, a 
large and valuable site at the head of the first terrace on Palisade 
Avenue. Subscriptions were received to an amount sufiicient to war- 
rant immediate work under the direction of Sheppard Homans, 
J. Wyman Jones and John Van Brunt. During the erection of the 
building, gifts of money were received, material was contributed, 
skilled artisans gave their labor, and the farmers lent their teams to 
haul stone, quarried in the fields, and to transport lumber from the 
railroad station. 

ork on the chapel was in its first progress, a party 
^i. iiivi...s from New York came out, on invitation of the group 
of real estate promoters, to look over the land. The particular 
attraction offered was the choice part of the old Lydecker patent 
on the north side of Palisade Avenue, extending from the brook 
v-'cst of the railroad to the Palisade Clifi^. This had been secured 
by contract the previous year from Thomas W. Demarest and Garret 
A. Lydecker and was controlled by J. Wyman Jones, L Smith 
Homans, Robert Baylis and Byron Murray, Jr. Two of the party, 
Jeffrey A. Humphrey anci Nathan T. Johnson, Avere making their 
first visit to the region back of the Palisades. It was a perfect 
October afternoon; as the ascent continued there were changing pic- 
tures of the valley, with farm houses scattered here and there, with 
hay-stacks on the meadows through which the Overpeck wound on 
its way to join the Hackensack. The day and the scene worked their 
spell upon the two young men. Without suggestion or solicitation, 
Mr. Humphrey chose the site on which he intended to build a house, 
that particular spot and no other, thereby disturbing a cherished plan 
of one of his hosts. Mr. Johnson did not select a building plot, but 
he determined to make the village his home and the scene of his 
future activities. 

When JMarch, I860, arriveci, and the chapel, completed in all 
essentials, was turned o"\'er to the trustees and dedicated as a place 
of Christian worship, on a plot on the other side of Palisade Avenue 
stood the commodious Humphrey house, with ample barn, the first 
private dwelling erected after the village received its name. The house, 



remodelled, is now the property of Mrs. William B. Scarborough. 
Although the chapel had been dedicated, a church organization was 
not effected at the same time. There were eighteen persons, eight men 
and ten women, in this little religious community who were accredited 
church members. These were of record as follows: from Madison 
Square Presbyterian church, New 
York City— Mrs. Isabella S. Mc- 
CuUoh, M. H. Church, Mrs. 
Caroline H. Church, Sheppard Ho- 
mans, Mrs. Sallie S. Romans, Wil- 
liam B. Dwight, Mrs. Eliza S. 
Dwight ; from Westminster Pres- 
byterian church, Utica, N. Y. — 
John E. Jones, Mrs. John E. Jones ; 
from Reformed Dutch church, 
Utica, N. Y. — J. Wyman Jones, 
Mrs. Harriet Dana Jones; from 
Reformed Dutch church, English 
Neighborhood, N. J. — James Van- 
derbeek, Mrs. Margaret Vander- 
beek, Mrs. Margaret Van Brunt; 
from Reformed Dutch church, 
Hoboken, N. J. — Mrs. Margaret 
Fisher; from Church of the Pil- 
grims, Brooklyn, N.Y. — Jeffrey A. 
Humphrey, Mrs. Juliet M. Humphrey. On June 4th a meeting of 
this group was held a ballot as to form of organization was taken and 
fourteen out of the seventeen votes cast expressed the choice of the 
Presbyterian form of church government. The body was thereupon 
organized as the First Presbyterian church of Englewood under the 
charge of the Fourth Presbytery of New York. This Englewood 
church was the first church of its denomination In Bergen county. 
At a subsequent meeting, for election of church officers, Charles A. 
Nichols, James Vanderbeek and Sheppard Homans were chosen 
elders and the deacons elected were John J. De Mott and J. Wyman 
Jones. The Rev. James H. Dwight was called to the pastorate, at a 
salary of seven hundred and fifty dollars per annum. The first work 
of the new pastor was to establish a Sunday school and to place George 
S. Gray at the head of that Important auxiliary to church work. 

The picture of the chapel presented in this chapter Is reproduced 
from a painting, executed in 1860, by a Miss Gerard, then instructor 

[ 49 ] 



in drawing and painting in the Seminary for Young Ladies. The 
original hangs in the vestibule of the present church. The painting 
portrays the chapel and Palisade avenue as the latter then appeared. 
The smooth highway of today was then a rough road, without a 
vestige of sidewalk to make walking to church easy. The rocks and 
clump of shrubs on the left of the picture are at the top of a deep 
ravine, at whose base was a brook, bordered by tall trees and wild 
flowers. At this point the ravine divided the avenue into two parts. 


the roadway running on either side. When the avenue became a 
much-travelled thoroughfare, utility and safety demanded the sac- 
rifice of this picturesque spot. It is preserved only in the painting 
and in the memory of the oldest residents. 

Next in importance to the church, and its logical accompaniment 
in developing a village or town, is the school. Air. Deuel's school 
for boys, opened the previous year, was in successful operation in 
1860 and prospered until the stringent times of the Civil War com- 
pelled many parents to send their children to the district schools. 
A school for girls was started in 1859 by S. S. Norton in the Dominie 
Demarest house. The following year, the school passed into the 
hands of William B. Dwight and Jonathan A. Fowler, a professor 
of music from Cherry Valley, N. Y. A large building was erected 
adjoining the old Dutch farm house, the school then being known 







as the Englewood Seminary for Young Ladies. The day school drew 
its attendance from the viUage and adjacent districts, but the larger 
part of its clientele was derived from cities and towns in New York 
and other states. On the retirement of Messrs. Dwight and Fowler, 
a few years later, they were succeeded by the Rev. Thomas G. Wall, 
who continued the school until 1867, when the building was destroyed 
by fire. The Lyceum now occupies the site of the former school. 
Another school, opened In these early days, was a boarding school 
for boys with a department for day pupils. Rev. George S. Gray 
was the master. It was located in the Benson house, on what is now 
Grand avenue. Before resident pupils became numerous, some of 
the new people found a temporary home at the school. xYugust Kur- 
steiner became an assistant to Mr. Gray, later on, and finally suc- 
ceeded to the proprietorship of the school. 

It soon became e\-ident that a -s'illage with a railway station, with 
the trimmings of water tank and cord-wood piled up on the opposite 
side of the track almost to Demarest avenue, was not living up to 
the standard without a hotel to accommodate prospective residents 
and to provide for transient visitors. To be sure, the station was a 
two-story frame building of the familiar country "deppo" type of the 
period, with waiting-room, baggage-room and ticket-office combined 
on the ground floor and quarters upstairs for the agent. There was 
the grove, on Palisade avenue, to make up for the absence of trees 
elsewhere. A recently erected hostelry and a carriage factory in 
course of completion alongside the track impressed new arrivals, 
but there was neither hotel nor boarding-house to give them proper 
shelter. To rem^edy this deficiency, Mr. Jones and his associates 
bought a plot of three acres on Engle street, where Franklin School 
now stands, and built the Englewood House, the centre of social life 
for many years. The hotel was built by i\nLirew D. Demarest. The 
original structure Avas not so large as shown in the illustration, the 
north wing being added at a later date. Intended at first for use as 
a summer hotel, it was not provided with a heating system. But 
when guests began to remain late into the fall, and finally insisted 
upon staying all winter, the rooms in the upper stories of the main 
building and the south wing were heated by stoves, whose pipes were 
conducted through holes in the hall partition and joined to a central 
pipe, suspended from the hall ceiling, Avhich had its terminus in the 
nearest chimney. It was an unique arrangement and probably a 
dangerous one, but nothing ever happened. The water supply was 
a great feature, for it came from an unfailing spring at the head of 


rill', HOOK oi'^ i:n(,li:wood 

Sprino; lane. In the hotel were iield the lirst "hops," as decorous 
dances were calleil in those days; the youno; people, troni up and 
down the road, wlio attended these resti\'ities, thinccd quadrilles and 
the lancers, di\ersilied hy the wait/, the polka and the schottische, 
whose rhythm did not sugi^est an Ali'ican juno;le. I o recall those 
who lived at the hotel ckirino" its honorable and uselul career would 
ineaji mention of nearl\' e\ery new-comer to I'.nglewood fVom the 
time the house \vas huilt till it retired I rom public lile. It was not 


beautiful, it lacked many things which add to the joy of life, hut the 
old house had a real home atmosphere, which was a pleasant memory 
to those who lived there in the days of kerosene lamps and sheet 
iron stoves. The hotel took on an educational aspect in its last days; 
it was used by two private schools successively, then, in 1902, the 
property was bought by the city and board of education for public 
school purposes. Until an appropriation for a new buililing was 
provided by the electorate, the old hotel served as a makeshift public 
school. The building was finally dcmolisheil, to make place for 
Franklin School, the second motlern school building erectetl in the 
City of l''nglewootl. 

All the buililing in 1860 was not tlone on the hill or on the east 
side of the railroad. Among the first settlers of J'.nglewood was 
Joseph W. Stagg, a \ery energetic and resourceful indix'idual. Ills 

[ 54 ] 


interest in hill property began and ended with a saw-mill, which he 
built in the woods in the vicinity of Booth's Pond. Thereafter his 
enterprises were confined to the village proper. Mr. Stagg also 
built a small hotel on the west side of Palisade avenue, near the rail- 
road. Though the owner and builder ot the hotel, Mr. Stagg was 
not the keeper thereof. John Ackerman was manager, and the place 
was known as "Stagg's" or "Ackerman's," according to individual 
preference. In early days, after the village had been divided into 
two election districts, the hotel became of political importance as the 
polling place of the northern district. Eong years after, when the 
property had passed into other hands and had been used for other 


purposes, the building received a second political promotion to the 
position of city hall, and in this year of grace has resigned in favor 
of a better equipped successor. 

Another of Mr. Stagg's enterprises was the building of a car- 
riage factory, with a steam saw-mill as an adjunct, beside the track 
where Tuttle's lumber yard stands. He leased this plant to a con- 
tractor named Williams, who had then the job of building wagons 
for the Adams Express Company and employed, for that day, a 
large working force. When the contract was completed and the 
lease expired, Mr. Stagg moved the factory to West Palisade avenue, 
altering the building into ground floor stores, second floor livmg 
rooms, topping It ofl^ with an assembly room which occupied the 
entire third story. "Englewood Hall," as it was later known, was 



a great place tor politieal nieetmiis \\heii the xillao-c beeainc lari:;e 
enough for such gathcrinos. Mr. Stagg hiinsclt figured e\teiisi\cl\ 
in later davs In to\\ iisliip and cit\ pohtics. 

The new tinn ot ^ an Brunt 
and Springer erected, in ISoO, the 
tirst ot the business buiUhiigs on 
Pahsade aNcnuc. Tliis ,i three- 
storv builduig on the corner ot b ast 
Pahsade a\enue and the priwue 
road\Yav belonging to the railro.ul. 
The building ^^■as o\Aned by John 
\'an Brunt, who established tiiere 
a general store, in charge ot a 
manager. \Yhen l'ngle\\ood ac- 
quired a post office, its ot 
business \ams a small section ot tins 
store and John ^ an Brunt was the 
postmaster. Later on, llenr\' J. 
De Mott occupied the corner store 
tor the sale ot hardware and farm 
implements. On the floor aboNC, 
the linglewootl Standard tlung its 
banner to the bree/e m 187*^^. 

On the plot adjoining the \'an Brunt store, \'an Brunt and 
Springer erected a one-st(ir\, small, (.lOthic structure in this s.une 
year, for their own otfiee. Jolin \ an Brunt had desk room thei-e m 
connection \\ith Ins real estate business. A\"e shall ha\e oce.ision to 
tell the tale ot the tra\els ot this building in the course iil mir storw 

^^'hile the residents ol this pioneer period \\ere gi\en to good 
N\orks, tliey did not o\ erlook the %alue ot outdoor exercise to good 
health as well as to good moiMJs. In August, ISdd, the Pnglewood 
Baseball Club was organized, witli twent\-nine members and "tuhers 
proposeil." In tiie membershi[i list are the names o( tliose iiitiinateb 
associated with the beginning ol I'nglcw nod, such as the 1 
brothers, the Kew J. 11. l^wlght, J. ^^■\lna.n Jones, James W. neucl, 
Francis llowlaiid, Natlian V. Johnson, loseph \\'. Stagg, |etlre\ A. 
IIumphrc\ and James ^^'. McCiilloh. Scant\ records show that the 
club's hrst b.ill ground was "in the \ alle\ near the public school," ,ind 
thither the club tra\elled, not to meet outside nines but to lind a le\ el 
iield on which to pla\. As there was tlien no newspaper to publish 



games and scores, it is impossible to compare the worlc of these 
players with Field Club achievements of later days. 

The last building achievement of the year was the Nathan T. 
Johnson house, far up on Palisade avenue. The novel thing about 


this house was that it was framed in Boston, brought by schooner to 
the foot of the Palisades, unloaded and transported to the site pre- 
pared for its reception. Mr. Johnson occupied the house for several 
years, later seUing it to Col. Henry W. Banks, who resided there with 
his family until the premises were destroyed by fire. 

Among the new-comers of 1860 were Dr. Hardy M. Banks and 
Francis Howland. Of the former we shall speak more particularly 



in the succeeding chapter. Mr. Howland was a man of the New 
England intellectual type, a lawyer by profession. At this time he 
had temporarily given up practice and was connected with the Cotton 
Exchange. Probably real estate offered a better outlook, just then, 
than the cotton market, as Mr. Howland invested in a large tract of 
land, east of Engle street, for development and sale. Charles A. 
Nichols and Eivingston K. Miller were valuable additions to the 


community in this year. Mr. Nichols came from Brooklyn and imme- 
diately identified himself with the work of the Presbyterian church, 
of which he was one of the first elders. His interest in the village was 
in building a permanent home. Mr. Miller was a Jerseyman, having 
been born in Chester, Morris County. Ele was a member of the class 
of 1842, Columbia College, and of the New York bar. The Millers 
came from Brooklyn, residing first on Tenafly road, later occupying a 
house on Eiberty road, with large grounds and a pond which was a 
famous skating place in early days. Mr. Miller finally purchased an 
estate of some thirty acres on Knickerbocker road, where he built a 
handsome stone house, surrounded by well laid out grounds, where the 
family lived until his death in 1 877. Mr. Miller was generous in 
the support of the Presbyterian church, of which he became an elder 



in 1867, and was equally alive to the interests of the village, giving 
liberally to every plan for its advancement. 









r THE beginning of 1861, it seemed to the promoters of 
real estate that Englewood would enter upon a period of 
rapid growth. In this expectation, a syndicate had been 
formed, the previous summer, for the purchase of a large 
tract on the Palisades, with a two-mile river frontage, extending down 
into the valley. It was a "Big Four" arrangement, those concerned 
being J. Wyman Jones, I. Smith Homans, Jr., Nathan T. Johnson and 
Jeffrey A. Humphrey. A handsome profit would have been realized 
if everything had gone right. The political outlook, in the summer, 
had not been reassuring, but pre-election rumors were not a novelty 
and things had a way of quieting down when the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday of November had passed by. Three of the four 
were sanguine of the success of their plan, but Mr. Humphrey, after 
due thought, decided that the undertaking was too big, under existing 
conditions. He disposed of his interest and invested in village 

The political situation bore heavily upon the young physician who 
had taken up his residence in Englewood the previous year. Dr. 
Hardy M. Banks was a big-hearted man, of genial manner, quick 
sense of humor, honorable to a degree, and remarkably skillful in 
the practice of his profession. He was the youngest son of Hardy 
M. Banks, a planter of Murfreesboro, North Carolina. After pre- 
liminary education of mind and body on his father's plantation, he 
was able to begin his medical studies, at the age of sixteen, in the 
office of Dr. James B. Gilbert, of Savannah, Georgia. He completed 
his education at the University of the City of New York and was 
graduated as a physician in 1849, two years before attaining his 
majority. The two years were spent in Paris, in attendance upon 
lectures given by noted physicians of the faculty of medicine. Re- 
turning in 1852, Dr. Banks built up a successful practice in New 
York City. 

The doctor's first acquaintance with Englewood came when he 
was summoned from the city to attend a patient, a member of the 


Homans family, then living in the Benson house on English Neigh- 
borhood road. It was jNIay-tinie of 1859 when Dr. Banks paid his 
first visit. Directly across the road from the old stone house was 
an orchard, in all the glory of pink and white blossoms. The patient's 
condition necessitated several visits and, after rendering professional 
service, the doctor always sat a while on the porch to enjoy the color 
and fragrance of the apple blossoms. Then one day he asked Mr. 
Smith Homans to ascertain if that particular piece of property could 
be bought. There was no difficulty in the way of purchase and, on 
his next visit, Dr. Banks became the owner of the orchard, though 
at that time he had no intention of living in Englewood. When the 
clash came between the North and South, as a Southerner of long 
ancestry. Dr. Banks' first thought was of his native state. Travel 
southward was impossible, family ties as well as warm friendships 
held him at the North. So the Doctor came to Englewood, living 
first in the stone cottage on TenaHy road, owned by the Rev. Dr. 
James Eells, a Brooklyn clergyman. The house, still in existence, 
stood then much nearer the road, for there was no intervening side- 
walk. A fence surrounded the place and a wooden arch, over the 
front gate, informed the passer by, in classic fashion, that this was 
"Dulce Dcmum." Some years later. Dr. Banks built a house on the 
property acquired in 1859. 

Though events had long been leading in that direction, the actual 
outbreak of the war came as a shock to those who had hoped that 
conflict might in some way be averted. The fall of Fort Sumter 
settled the matter beyond doubt, and following quickly came Presi- 
ient Lincoln's first call for seventy-five thousand militia, to serve 
three months. New Jersey's quota of four regiments was filled in 
a few days. As there was then no militia company in our part of 
the township, the village was not represented in this call. Organiza- 
tions known as "Home Guards" came into vogue in the North at 
this time, and a company of this description was formed in our 
village under the captaincy of Nathan T. Johnson, drilling in the 
second story of Andrew Bogert's carpenter shop on Palisade avenue. 
Hopes that the war would be of short duration were dispelled when 
four more states joined the Southern Confederacy. Realization of 
the gravity of the situation was borne in upon our homefolk and 
nerves were on edge when news came of the Union defeat at Bull 
Run. The following story of the effect of the news was told in 
"Reminiscences of Early Days" by Dr. Banks in his old age: 

In the late afternoon of the day after the battle, when rumors 




were flying thick and fast, Dr. Banks, on his way home from a round 
of visits, encountered Mr. and Mrs. John W. Lyell driving rapidly 
northward on Tenafly road. The Lyells halted in response to the 
doctor's greeting and, before the latter could ask a question, Mr. 
Lyell poured out the latest news of the utter rout of the Northern 
army and that Beauregard was leading his victorious troops to attack 
New York. Englewood, Mr. Eyell declared, was on the direct line 
of march of the invading force. He and his wife had gathered what 



possessions they could and were seeking a place of safety. Urgmg 
their friend to follow their example, the panic-stricken pair continued 
their flight. The picture of an army advancing on New York, takmg 
in Englewood on the way, possibly seizing the rolling stock of the 
Northern Railroad, to the detriment of local traffic, or taking a 
chance on the old Fort Lee Ferry, appealed to the doctor^s sense of 
humor. He was still chuckling when he dropped in at the Englewood 
House, to see how things were there. The smile faded, but the 
sense of humor remained uppermost when he saw pale faces and 
noted the general air of consternation. Asked his opinion of the 
situation, Dr. Banks gravely replied that he thought the advance 
guard of the enemy might reach the Liberty Pole Tavern by nightfall. 

[ 63 ] 


A meeting of the inmates of the hotel was called at once. Darius 
Geer, as the physically weightiest person present, was made chairman. 
William King moved that as they were without firearms of any 
description, the men proceed at once to John Lyell's brush-lot, back 
of the hotel, and cut clubs for defence. The motion prevailed with- 
out discussion. A distinguished citizen who, according to the doctor, 
murmured "all is lost save honor," recommended that economy be 
used in cutting clubs, as Mr. Lyell was very particular about that 
lot. By the time the clubs were procured, it had grown dark and 
strange sounds were heard from the direction of the tavern. A scout 
fearlessly made his way to the street corner and brought back the 
report that lights were flashing in front of the tavern, and a dark 
mass, which must be a body of troops, was in motion. The situation 
was tense, yells and shouts indicated that the invaders were close at 
hand. The defenders grasped their clubs, stationed themselves on 
.lie piazza in front of the entrance door, to do or die in behalf of 
the women huddled in an anxious group within. The enemy reached 
the corner, turned southward on English Neighborhood road, and 
the army disclosed itself as two farm wagons, filled with men carry- 
ing torches, just belated Fort Lee democrats returning from some 
sort of political gathering at the tavern. Thus ended the first and 
only Confederate attack upon E'nglewood. 

The first soldier to connect Englewood directly with the war was 
the Rev. James H. Dwight, who obtained leave of absence from the 
Session, in the fall of 1861, and entered the army as chaplain of the 
66th Regiment, New York Volunteers. During his service, Mr. 
Dwight was attached at times to the staffs of Generals Burnside, 
McClellan and Richardson, as aide-de-camp or surgeon. He remained 
in the army until March, 1863, when he resigned and returned to 
his pastorate. 

In July, 1861, the organization of the Twenty-second Regiment 
of Infantry was approved by Act of Congress. This regiment, of 
nine hundred and thirty-nine men, rank and file, was the contribution 
of Bergen County. Time was necessarily consumed in perfecting 
regimental organization and in the selection of officers before actual 
recruiting began. It was arranged that Company I. should be re- 
cruited from IZnglewood and places north on the line of the railroad. 
Also included was the part of English Neighborhood known as Wal- 
ton. Work was begun at once on the erection of an armory on the 
west side of Van Brunt street, where the company could be drilled 
and instructed in military tactics. The recruiting station was a shed, 



placed on a vacant lot on the southwest corner of Palisade avenue, 
across the road from Stagg's hotel. Stephen Van Brunt and Aleck 
Orser served as recruiting officers. The location was well chosen. 
It was near the station and close to the small grove of trees in the 
middle of the avenue, where was a stout fence, to which those who 
drove to the village hitched their teams, while they transacted busi- 
ness at John Van Brunt's store or gathered the latest news at Stagg's 

In order to inspire patriotic feeling, a broad canvas streamer, 








with appropriate sentiment, was stretched beneath the flag on the 
open side of the shed. A young man, who was engaged in painting 
Dr. Wise's new house, had offered his services to letter the sentence 
on the streamer. As he plied his brush and the slogan — "The Union 
must and shall be preserved" — appeared on the canvas, the painter 
received his call to duty. When the streamer was in its place, William 
C. Davies was among the first recruits of Company I , and some other 
man finished the job on Dr. Wise's house. 

The officers of Company I were Thomas W. Swennarton, cap- 
tain; Joseph A. Blauvelt, first lieutenant; David C. Blauvelt, second 
lieutenant. The men from Englewood, according to the list obtain- 
able, were: William C. Davies, Adriance Van Brunt, Aleck Orser, 
Charles Barr, Jr., Darius M. Bearss, David Green, John E. Jones, 
John S. Townsend, Cornelius Meyers, Adam McLean, H. G. Parker, 
Robert W. Smith, William E. Smith and Edward Ackerman. On 
the regimental staff were Major Abraham G. Demarest, of Tenafly, 



and Assistant Surgeon Samuel A. Jones, of Englewood. Captain 
Swennarton drilled his men faithfully in the manual of arms and rifle 
practice. When the regiment was mustered into service on September 
22, 1862, no company made a better showing than the stalwart boys 
of our side of the county. The regiment was at first assigned to 
guard duty in the vicinity of Washington. It was subsequently trans- 
ferred to the First Army Corps and saw service in the battle of 
Chancellorsville, Va. 

We may now return to matters of village development. The 
new residents, who came during war-time, were comparatively few 
in number, but were, as a rule, those who could afi^ord to build sub- 
stantial homes. Among the first arrivals of 1861 were Mr. and Mrs. 
William B. Dana, who came from Utica, N. Y., through the influence 
of J. Wyman Jones, Mr. Dana's brother-in-law. Mr. Dana bought 
a tract of land on the Palisades, overlooking the Hudson, a part of 
one of the old Lydecker farms, and began building a large house of 
native stone, also an entrance lodge, barn and other outbuildings of 
the same material. As soon as the house was completed, the Danas 
took up their residence on the Palisades. Both Mr. and Mrs. Dana 
were persons of culture, given to good works in quiet, unassuming 
manner. Mr. Dana was a brother of Prof. James D. Dana, of Yale 
College, and was himself editor of the Financial Chronicle, the 
standard authority on business conditions throughout the country. 
Mrs. Dana was a daughter of John G. Floyd, a prominent lawyer 
of Utica, twice member of Congress from that district. She was 
a woman of fine intellect, literary ability, and of a deeply religious 
trend of mind, which manifested itself in her published works. Under 
the clifl^, at this time, there was a settlement of families of native 
stock, descendants of those who made their homes along the river 
bank in the early days of Bergen county. There were also some 
families living on top of the cliff at Coytesville. Those living under 
the clift were, for the most part, fishermen, owners of small sailing 
craft. Their environment between the river and the wall of the 
Palisades had limited outside intercourse and deprive'd the families 
of many advantages. Mrs. Dana made personal acquaintance with 
her neighbors under and on top of the clift'; she established Sunday 
school and church services which were held every Sunday in her 
drawmg room. From this beginning grew a mission of the Dutch 
Reformed Church at Coytesville. In later years, through the assist- 
ance of Mr. and Mrs. Dana, "The Church of the Palisades" was 



built at this place, for a congregation organized by the Classis of 

Another house of this period was built by Francis Howland, on 
his tract east of Engle street, which extended from Chestnut street 
to Spring lane. At that time Church street was not named and was 
really only a country lane, though it figured on the map as a continu- 
ation of Demarest avenue. The house that Mr. Howland built still 
stands on the north-east corner of Church street and Winthrop place. 
The Howlands occupied it themselves until 1868, when the whole 
property was sold to Judge Cowan, of Washington, D. C. Brooklyn 
made a contribution to Englewood in the latter part of this year in 
the persons of Mr. and Mrs. Frank B. Nichols, who made their home 
on Chestnut street. Both were closely identified with the Presbyterian 
church; Mrs. Nichols was the contralto of the first church choir. 
Associated with her were Miss Prindle, soprano, George S. Gray, 
tenor, and J. Wyman Jones, bass. Mr. Nichols afterwards served as 
one of the elders. 

Jacob S. Wetmore and his wife, who was Mary Leonard Lovejoy, 
from Brooklyn, led the van of new-comers in 1862. They occupied 
at first the Demarest home, on the corner of Tenafly road and Jane 
street, then moving to the Jones cottage on Brayton street. Later, 
Mr. Wetmore took up large real estate holdings independently and 
also in connection with William Walter Phelps. When Mr. Wetmore 
built, the site he chose for his stone house was then considered "way 
in the woods." Indeed, the tract, on Chestnut street, was heavily 
wooded, the house standing well back from the road. But the village 
not only grew up to the location in a few years, but passed by, in its 
ascent to the Pahsades. The house is now occupied by Mr. LeRoy 
Clark. The Rev. Dr. Daniel Wise, who came in the early spring 
of this year, not only built a house for himself, but was largely instru- 
mental in building a church. As soon as his residence on Dwight 
place was under way, Dr. Wise began making acquaintance with the 
village, according to a habit of many years. He was a preacher of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, holding no charge but serving as 
secretary of the Sunday School Union of his denomination. He 
found, in his intercourse with the residents of the village, a group 
of the followers of the Wesleys which, for over two years, had held 
weekly prayer and experience meetings under the direction of John 
Westervelt, class leader. The other members of the group were Mrs. 
Maria Westervelt, David and Martha Green, John and Sarah Knott, 
George and Sarah Taylor, William and Elizabeth Chapman, Fred- 



erick and Ann Norman, Hannah Sanderson, I'eresa Tray, and John 
Q. Townson. Dr. Wise had the nucleus of a congregation. The only 
things lacking were a site and a church. The doctor knew exactly 
how to meet the situation. He became chairman of the committee 
on site, and shortly afterward a lot on Grand avenue was donated 
by IVIessrs. Jones, Howland and Smith Homans, Jr. A church or- 
ganization was effected and Dr. Wise became president and treasurer 
of the board of trustees. There remained lacking only a building 
fund. That took more time, for people were beginning to feel the 
pinch of war days. Dr. Wise gave of his own means, the church 
people worked, the women especially, and at last the church was 
completed and dedicated on December 22, 1863, by Bishop Edmund 
C. Janes, with Dr. Wise assisting in the service. In January follow- 
ing, the Rev. E. Hewitt was installed as pastor and the church entered 
upon its work of usefulness. 

It may seem to the reader of today that much mention is made 
in this story of Englewood of church association. But it must be 
remembered that church affiliation was an important factor in life 
in the days when Englewood was "a-building." Every church erected 
in Englewood has been a foundation-stone of our city, in which we 
take pride. 

Jaines Otis Morse brought to the village, in 1863, a store of 
knowledge which he had acquired by years of study and practice as 
consulting engineer. As president of the board of trustees, he gave 
valuable advice when a church building replaced the Presbyterian 
chapel, and he was equallv generous wherever his counsel was sought. 
Mr. Morse chose a site for his house on Tenafly road, at the head of 
Demarest avenue, not on account of picturesque location, but because 
of sandy soil without underlying rock. The residence erected thereon 
was as four square and solid as its owner. There was no architectural 
pretension, but everything in the way of comfort and convenience. 
The library was the indoor feature and the garden the outside feature 
of the Morse home. The garden was Mrs. Morse's kingdom and 
her subjects were the Bowers which bloomed In profusion from the 
daffodils of spring to the dahlias of late autumn. 

To make room for the Morse house, an earlier building was 
removed to a plot on Demarest avenue, east of the A. D. Bogert 
property, where it still stands In somewhat altered form. This old 
building stood much nearer the roadway than Its successor, and this 
fact gave point to a tale long current. 

"Solly" Banta, one-time owner of the old house, is said to have 



been of the type which applies its own moral yard-stick to measure 
the doings of others. He utterly disapproved of horse-racing, even 
in the form of a harmless brush on the road. There was no race 
track in the neighborhood, but there was a stretch of level road, 
running past the Banta house, from the Liberty Pole Tavern to the 
stone schoolhouse at Highwood. The young Dutch farmers were 
wont to race their horses along this stretch, in friendly contest, of a 



summer Sunday afternoon. Now "Solly" liked to sit on his front 
porch of a Sunday afternoon. He declared publicly that this iniqui- 
tous speeding of presumably sedate farm horses deprived him of an 
innocent pleasure and forced him to stay indoors, with close-shuttered 
windows. It was noted after a while that Mr. Banta seemed to know 
with certainty the exact time when it was safe to throw open the 
shutters and resume his seat on the porch. When the house was 
moved, in each end of the building, looking north and south, a good- 
sized peephole had been bored, so that the owner, outwardly true to 
his principles, caught the races coming and going. On the site of 
the Banta house and its successor, now stands the handsome Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and the speeders of today are regulated by 
the traffic policeman. 



Teaneck was LMitcring the field as an attraction to new-comers. 
Among the first houses built, in a section which Avas soon to be noted 
as the home of a genial community, was that of Lebbeus Chapman, 
Jr., a New York lawyer. Mr. Chapman was a cheery, energetic 
man, who came with his wife Jerseyward in the third year of the 
war. Broad-minded, keen of wit, with the faculty of making friends 
wherever he went, Mr. Chapman was successful in all his undertak- 
ings, whether it was as superintendent of the Teaneck Sunday School, 
as church trustee, or as one of the organizers and first treasurer of 
the Protection Society. Mrs. Chapman was an accomplished musi- 
cian and organized the first musical society in Engle\A-ood. Her skill 
in water-color painting was, in later years, of great assistance to her 
distinguished son, Frank M. Chapman, in the presentation of his 
studies in natural history. In the Palisade section of the village, 
Daniel Drake Smith, in taking up residence and building a home, 
came to the county in which his Traphagen Dutch Huguenot ancestors 
settled in 1745. The Drake Smith house still occupies its command- 
ing position on the rise of ground between Hillside avenue and 
Lydecker street, but of those who made the life of the house but one 
remains. Mr. Drake Smith was a man of affairs, the head of a large 
insurance company, a director in many corporations, but in his library, 
m which he found his relaxation, he was a student of mediaeval 
philosophy. As his children grew up, each one was active in some 
phase of Fmglewood life. 

The year 1864 was e\'erywhere marked by business depression, 
except in war industries. Gold had entirely disappeared froni circu- 
lation, silver coinage was taking the same route, and in place thereof 
appeared a government issue of small paper notes, popularly known 
as "shin-plasters," in five, ten, twenty-five and fifty cent denominations. 
These, with postage stamps, made up small change. Our soldier 
boys who had returned the previous year, found lack of work except 
on farms. Some went back into the ranks, others became farmers. 

Among the few arrivals of this year was David Floadley, member 
of an old Connecticut family and graduate of Phillips F^xeter, de- 
terred, by reason of health, from entering college. When he came 
with his family to Englewood, Mr. Hoadley had just completed a 
long term as president of the Panama Railroad, and was lessenin"- 
his activities as head of a large drug corporation. Instead of build- 
ing, Mr. Hoadley bought the large stone house and extensive grounds 
on the south side of Palisade avenue, opposite the "Swiss" dwelling 
built by Byron Murray, Jr. "Rosenvyk," as the Hoadley estate was 



known, was noted for its beautiful grounds and for the rose gardens 
whicfi rivalled the Morse display on Tenafly road. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hoadley were deeply interested in church work and in the interests 
of the village as well. The daughters of the family, when they 
attained womanhood, became a part of the social and literary life 
which characterized Englewood in the '70s and '80s. 

The New England element entered the village when the Hon. 
CuUen Sawtelle and his family became residents in 1864. Mr. Saw- 



telle was a thorough New Englander, with the dignity and reserve 
of manner characteristic of those born in that favored section of the 
country. He was a native of Maine, a graduate of Bowdoin College, 
and had represented his state in Congress from 1848 to 1852. The 
Sawtelle home was built on the east side of Engle street, between 
Spring lane and what is now Church street; it is now the residence of 
Captain Edmund M. Sawtelle. Mr. and Mrs. Sawtelle and their 
two daughters, then in early womanhood, were deeply interested in 
the Episcopal congregation, recently organized in Englewood, and 
in war relief work. At the breaking out of the war the son, First 
Lieutenant Charles G. Sawtelle, 6th Infantry, U. S. A., was appointed 
Captain and Assistant Quartermaster in forwarding troops and sup- 



plies to the Army of the Potomac. He served throughout the Re- 
bellion in the Quartermaster's department and was frequently 
brevetted for "faithful and meritorious service." He continued in 
the same department after the war, 
retiring from active service Feb- 
ruary 16, 1897, with the rank of 
Brigadier General, after forty- 
seven years of army lite. 

At the top of Spring lane, about 
the end of the war, Edmund S. 
Munroe, of New England extrac- 
tion, built a home whose grounds 
extended to Engle street, adjoining 
the Sawtelle property. The two 
families were drawn into friendly 
relations through neighborly and 
church association and a closer tic 
was established later, by the mar- 
riage of Bvt. Brigadier General 
Sawtelle and Miss Alice Cliester 

Of those who came later in 
1865 we shall speak in another 
chapter, for their activities belong in the after-war time. Before 
passing to that period, it seems opportune to consider the form of gov- 
ernment under which l^nglewood li\-cd and moved and had its being. 






URING the first years of the development ot Englewood, 
the promoters of the enterprise were largely occupied in 
selling building plots on tracts of land already acquired, 
and in securing additional property before the price ad- 
vanced. Those who bought for their own use were engaged in build- 
ing homes and laying out lawns and gardens. Interest, therefore, was 
so centered that it is a question whether promoters or home builders 
gave even a passing thought to the form of existing local government. 
Nevertheless, the system which regulated local affairs was of respect- 
able age, for its origin dated back a century and a half before Pvlr. 
Jones and his associates appeared upon the scene. In December, 1682, 
by act of the General Assembly, the province of East Jersey was 
divided mto four counties, namely: Bergen, Essex, Middlesex and 
Monmouth. Bergen county, which is our particular concern, included 
at this time all the settlements and territory between the Hackensack 
and Hudson rivers, from Paulus Hook to the line of the pro\'ince of 
New York. In 1693, the counties were divided into townships. Ber- 
gen county already contained one township, the old township of Ber- 
gen, constituted in 165 8, which composed the southern part of Bergen 
county. The remainder of the territory, considered formerly as "out- 
lying plantations," was now formed into the township of Hackensack. 
The boundaries of this second township were, north, the province line 
of New York; south, the corporation line of Bergen; east, the Hudson 
riv'er; west, the Hackensack river. At this time, the village of 
Hackensack was not included in Hackensack township, since it was 
a part of Essex county. On the accession of Queen Anne, in 1702, 
East and West Jersey were consolidateti under a royal governor. 
Changes were made in the boundary line of the county at the same 
time, through which Bergen gained territory from Essex county on 
the west side of the Hackensack river. Hackensack village thus 
became a part of Bergen county and, on account of its advantageous 
location and size, was made the county seat. 

In the beginning, township government was entrusted to a small 


group called selectmen or overseers, who exercised a very limited 
authority over the affairs of the township or plantation. Their 
judicial functions were confined to the trial of "small causes." Their 
other functions were the granting of licenses to sell liquor and to keep 
"ordinaries" or taverns, and to supervise roads and bridges. Later 
on, townships were represented in county affairs by a board, com- 
posed of elected freeholders and justices. These officials appear to 
have acted together in criminal cases, as evidenced in the minutes of 
the justices and freeholders of the county of Bergen in 1735, 1741 
and 1769. The offenders in these particular instances were slaves 
and the warrants for the execution of the sentences were signed by 
the justices and freeholders, before whom the cases were tried. In 
1794, the justices ceased to act in the board with the freeholders, the 
latter henceforth devoting their attention to the purely civic affairs 
of the county. 

The minutes of the board of justices and freeholders, preserved 
in the clerk's office at Elackensack, from 1715, the earhest date, to 
1769, do not, as a rule, list the representatives with their respective 
townships. But Hackensack township was represented from 1770 
to 1776 by Matthias Roulse; Jacob De Mott was freeholder, 1769 
to 1773; John Benson, from 1773 to 1776. On May 15th, 1776, 
there was entered on the minute book, "Ordered that this book be 
kept in charge of William Serrell, clerk," and William Serrell well 
merited the trust, having served as clerk from May 10, 1769. During 
the early part of the Revolutionary War, Bergen County Avas de- 
batable ground, the scene of many disastrous raids and minor engage- 
ments, and the board of freeholders did not meet at all in 1777. 
The following year, however, the board met at Paramus, Hacken- 
sack not being available. In the interval a great change had taken 
place. Royal authority had been superseded when the provincial 
congress, on July 18th, 1776, changed its name and style to the 
"Convention of the State of New Jersey." The first entry made in 
the minute book of the meeting of the board of freeholders, on May 
13th, 1778, was "State of New Jersey," followed by the date, all 
penned in William Serrell's best style. 

With county rule well established, township government devel- 
oped m scope and, from its long continuance, seems to have met the 
wants of the community embraced in Hackensack township. When 
the losses caused by the war had been retrieved, the inhabitants of 
Dutch and French Huguenot extraction and the lesser number of 
English descent, settled down to farm life, getting not only a liveli- 



hood, but something handsome in addition, out of a soil which repaid 
kibor and care. As years went on and tracts of land, acquired by 
grant in colonial days, were divided, addition was made to the num- 
ber of farmhouses and commodious barns built of field stone, which 
dotted the stretch from the "Sloat" (Piermont) to Bergen township 
line. A church, here and there, ministered to the religious needs and 
social requirements, as well, of the scattered community, ^'isiting 
before and between the Sunday services was the refreshing feature 
of the week. 

The administration of affairs was not complicated in a farming 
neighborhood and the township fathers Mere not confronted bv bond 
issues for improvements. Farm ^■alues must have been comparatively 
stable, so the assessor was subject to no arduous work and the col- 
lector had no anxietv about the payment of the tax bills. When the 
farmers added market gardens to the raising of staple crops, roadway 
improvement became of importance. This necessitated the appoint- 
ment of overseers of highways. Animals would take their walks 
abroad, hence poundkeepers. There were small cases to settle and 
legal acknowledgments to be taken, and the justice of the peace took 
over one of the original functions of the "selectmen." the constable 
following in the wake to uphold the dignity of the court. Somewhat 
in this fashion township government was developed, with the township 
committee as the substantial basis of the whole structure. 

In 1S62, though Englewood had superseded English Neighbor- 
hood in name and was a going concern in the matter of new residents 
and new houses, it was in other respects a rural community. Old 
customs prevailed among the native-born dwellers, among ^^'hich was 
included the administration of toAvnship matters. From the oldest 
minute book of Hackensack township obtainable, we learn that the 
spring election of 1S62 was held on April 14th, at the hotel of John 
\'anderbeek at Libertv Pole. The officers elected at this time were: 
Moderator, Thomas E. Demarest; Township Clerk, Alexander Cass; 
Assessor, Francis F. Hill; Collector, John Y. H. Terhune; Free- 
holders, Peter Bogert, Jr., Samuel De Groot; Commissioners of 
Appeal, George Huyler, John R. Paulison: Surveyors of Highways, 
Albert A. Terhune, Samuel S. Demarest: Overseer of the Poor, John 
y. Zabriskie: Town Superintendent of Schools, John A'an Brunt; 
Township Committee, David F Westervelt, Henrv J. Anderson, 
James Wragg, Tr.. Peter P. Bogert, Cornelius D. Blauvelt. In addi- 
tion, there were eight constables elected, twelve poundkeepers, and 
overseers of highwavs for the thirtv-tive road districts of the township. 

r ■> ] 


But one name on the list suggested the new-comer, that of Nathan T. 
Johnson, who was chosen overseer of road district No. 31. 

The appropriations made at this annual meeting are interesting: 
"for township purposes and support of the poor, one thousand, two 
hundred dollars to be raised by taxation; for manure for the poor 
farm, fifty dollars to be raised and expended; for the maintenance 
of the highways for the present year, the sum of three thousand 
dollars; for the maintenance of the 'Peter Baker road,' the sum of 
four hundred and forty-seven dollars." 

An assessment of three thousand dollars against the township, 
for the purchase of the Fort Lee turnpike, was provided for in a 
resolution to pay the same by a yearly installment of two hundred 
dollars. For school purposes, the interest of surplus revenue was 
appropriated, and also the amount raised by a tax of two dollars 
per child on all children in the township, between the ages of five 
and eighteen. Another tax levy was t-vventy-five cents on the first dog 
owned by any person, and fifty cents for each additional dog. The 
expenditures authorized at the meeting amounted to forty dollars, 
twenty-five dollars to retain counsel in legal matters and fifteen dollars 
for making a map of the road districts. 

At the next meeting of this year, it was decided to pay a bounty 
of one hundred and twenty-five dollars to volunteers who enlisted 
from the township in Jersey regiments, and to grant an additional 
six dollars a month to such of these volunteers as had dependent 
families. Township committees were always prone to expenditure 
of time in their deliberations, therefore it is quite understandable that 
it took two meetings to define, beyond question, what constituted a 
dependent family. The ccmclusion reached was that the term com- 
prehended wife, children or widowed mother relying on her son for 
support. This was confirmed by the board of freeholders as applying 
to volunteers who were residents of the township before August 2Sth, 
1862. The obligation assumed was honorably met, with only the 
delay Incidental to securing and filing necessary data. 

There was a feature or custom, as one will, attending township 
committee meetings, possibly of the nature of an entailed inheritance, 
for it appears regularly over a long stretch of years. The township 
committee had no official abiding place, therefore It met "around"; at 
first at the Liberty Pole hotel, as the old tavern was then called, the 
polling place of the township. Later, meetings were held at Stagg's 
or Ackerman's hotel, the same house, for Joseph W. Stagg was the 
owner of the building, which was leased to John Ackerman. Once 



in a while, the Palisade House was the meeting place. The localities 
were all convenient of access and their respective landlords vied with 
one another in the excellence of the dinners they served. The sessions 
of the committee began at nine or ten o'clock in the morning and, 
though the business before the meeting appears not to have been 
great in volume, it evidently required lengthy consideration, which 
extended late into the afternoon. Therefore a noon intermission was 
always taken, of duration sufficient to do full justice to a hearty 
meal, for the wildest imagination could not picture a township father 
bringing a basket lunch with him. This is the inherited feature men- 
tioned at the beginning of this paragraph, and is carried on the 
minutes, year after year, as "dinners," "suppers," or else "refresh- 
ments." It was probably considered a legitimate expense, not being 
questioned until years after, when a certain counsel to the township 
committee of the day delivered a lengthy opinion against the custom, 
just at the time that he could not find the law applicable to an official 
short in his accounts. Surely no one at this late date grudges the 
township worthies their honest enjoyment and we mention it only 
because of the ingenuous entries in the minutes. 

There was not a variety of subjects presented at township meet- 
ings, but two topics in reserve offered opportunity for extensive and 
extended discussion when business became slack. These topics were 
the poorhouse and the road districts. The latter came in for much 
consideration. As each overseer hired his own men, that meant the 
checking of as many accounts as there were districts. Then the 
boundaries of the districts were not always sharply defined, and there 
would be neglected spots and then argument as to responsibility for 
the same. Complaints were made about the distribution of the high- 
ways appropriation, a standard bone of contention. Unsolicited ad- 
vice was proffered as to the building of roads by those least qualified. 
The appropriation was not large enough for the surface over which it 
must be spread, but the township committee did its best. The mem- 
bers knew the sentiment of the constituency on the question of taxes, 
they probably had some sympathetic opinions of their own, and road 
matters had to work out their own salvation when the sum allotted 
was exhausted. 

The care of the poor was the other fruitful topic. The depend- 
ent part of the community at that time was cared for at the poor- 
house and farm. The steward in charge of the almshouse was per- 
mitted to employ the male inmates as farm workers and to assign the 
women to household duties. In return, this official was to care for 



and feed those reo;uhu-ly committed to his charge, the proper execu- 
tion of the phm naturally depending upon the integrity of the second 
party to the contract. There came a time when the ofHcial in charge 
proved to be an unjust steward, who did not feed his charges as he 
ought, or provide fuel enough to keep them warm in winter weather. 
Something had to be done about it, and the township committee of 
1865 held a special meeting, with the usual noon intermission for 
dinner, discussed the matter thoroughly and came to the unanimous 
decision to discipline the offender by docking his salary, if he did not 
forthwith mend his ways. With a view, perhaps, to smoothing the 
path of repentance, the committee paid the salary then due the 
steward, lliis persuasive treatment failed to turn the oftemler from 
his course, and the committee met again, deliberateil after the usual 
course, and effectually settled the recalcitrant steward by deducting 
twenty dollars from the salary which had accrued, completing the 
process by immediate dismissal from office. The ousted ste\^-ard tried 
to get back at the committee by rendering a bill "for eleven weeks' 
board and seven days' sickness for an inmate of the poorhouse," the 
amount exceeding by several dollars the deduction imposed. The 
plan failed, for investigation showed the person in question had been 
adjudged a "legal pauper," who at the end of the "seven days' sick- 
ness" had obligingly departed this life. The township fathers there- 
upon granted an allowance of "three dollars for digging a grave and 
burying said pauper," and then let the farm to another and pre- 
sumably more satisfactory applicant. On the minutes of this meeting 
appears an item, "To John Ackerman, for refreshments, $9.0(1." 

The first business, after the annual election of 1866, when David 
D. Blauvelt became chairman and Cornelius Christie clerk of the 
township committee, was the di^-ision of the township into two polling 
places. This was done in pursuance of an act of the legislature, limit- 
ing an election district to eight hundred \'Oters. 'llie committee 
designated Herman Eicks' public house, in what was afterward 
Ridgefield township, as the southern polling place, and Stagg's hotel 
as the northern polling place. A board of registry met in each district 
before the fall election, forty dollars being added to township ex- 
penses for room hire and for "refreshments" for the two boards. No 
other compensation for the latter was mentioned. 

Since Hackensack township had achieved the distinction of two 
polling places, the indication of growth, ami the prospect as well of 
increasing township expenses, the committee appointed one of its 
members, John Van Brunt, to serve as treasurer. Heretofore the 



clerk appears to have acted both as treasurer and chronicler of town- 
ship affairs. The change was a distinct advance in business methods 
and became a growing m.unicipahty. The new treasurer was immedi- 
ately authorized to procure and have printed copies of an act of the 
legislature "to prevent Horses. Mules, Goats, Sheep and Swine from 
running at large in the townships of Harrington and Hackensack." 
These copies were issued to the township poundkeepers and overseers 
of the highways, without further instructions from the committee. If 
these officials read the act, thev probablv ascertained the nature of the 
pound of cure in case the ounce of prevention failed. It may be a 
mere coincidence that Englewood secured a resident constable this 
year. His name was Eugene Sanderson. 

In 1869, Englewood had exceeded in growth the other parts of 
Hackensack township. Each new arrival brought others in his wake. 
The charm of the country still exercised its spell, but there was a 
growing sentiment that the present township was too diverse in its 
interests to progress as a whole. Perhaps the idea prevailed more 
largelv among the new-comers than among the old residents, but the 
seed of discontent was planted and the first shoots were showing 
above the surface. Samuel S. Demarest was chairman of the town- 
ship committee this vear. Ralph I. Demarest was clerk. The road 
appropriation was considerably increased, but the system of road 
building remained the same and the prospect of good roads, under 
such conditions, was not encouraging. Perhaps there was lack of 
understanding on the part of the new-comers as to the limited powers 
of the township committee and. on the other hand, was the old Dutch 
conservative spirit handed down for generations. There was never 
vet a community- which hailed, with pure joy, the prospect of increase 
of taxation. And there was never yet a community' which did not 
possess an element hard to convince that municipal improvement had 
direct influence on the prosperir\- of village, town or city. The Hack- 
ensack township committeemen performed their dut>- as best they 
could. If thev were slow, thev eventually arrived, and no one will 
question that thev were honest men and true. The time was near 
at hand when Hackensack township was to become a thing of the 
past. We shall have opportunity- to note the length of time which 
elapsed before Englewood outgrew the township system. 


VVll.LI AM A. I'.llll'I'll 

<'(ll,, lir.NKV W HANK 


(iiMM.h::: ii, vva'iioiiiiiiii v 



ElE \illaL!,e experienced inereasiiio- prosperity for a nuniber 
ot years after the war. The influx of new residents Avas 
lollo\\ed b\' actnMt\ in building operations. There was now 
no lack ot Avork and this brought ne^- craftsmen to town. 
Englewood did not enter into any phenomenal growth. That was 
never the habit of the village. Progress was steadv and sure and 
along the line which lias ah\a\'s made for good citizenship. 

Though n;oney \\ as plentiful in the community, the township 
committee was not led into any extra\agance iit the matter of appro- 
priations. Fhe same sum A\as allotted yearh- "for township purposes, 
support of the poor, and fertilizer for the poorhouse farm." There 
Mas some increase in the appropriation for high\\'a\'s and the rate for 
"refreshments" was maintained at the standard figure. On the prin- 
ciple of selection, many of the new people gra\"itated to neighbor- 
hoods where friends \\ere already resident. In this manner Palisade 
a\-enue. Chestnut and l-.ngle streets became objective points, and 
Dwight place was sought for the additional reason that it was near 
the Presbvterlan church. AVhere there was no such impelling reason, 
other new arrivals considered the relative merits of the village, east 
and west of the railroad, so tiiat TenaHy road and Teaneck received 
additions to the resident population. 

In narrating Englewood's growth at this time, the school has the 
preferred place. Flie Grav school on Grand a\-enue had become the 
Kursteiner school, through the retirement of Mr. Gray. Dr. August 
Kursteiner, the new head, an American of Swiss descent, was a man 
of broatl education, ranking high in musical art, as indicated in his 
degree, doctor of music. He transferred the teaching department of 
the school to the armorv on ^'an Brunt street, after Company I Avas 
mustered out of service. A'N'ithin a vear or less after the war, he 
erected a boarding residence and school building on Liberty road, 
for college preparation or ad\-anced education of boys. The school 
became well known for its high standing. Among Dr. Kursteiner's 
many pupils were Dana and Dwight Jones, Oliver and Barstow Drake 


Smith, Edward P. Coe, John E. Miller, William O. Allison, J'^mes 
O. Morse, Ti".. and William Walker Green, who profited by the 
professor's instruction and also by trenchant criticism, when recita- 
tions fell below standard. 

During Dr. Kursteiner's occupancy, the armory had been used by 
a group of church people, not then large enough in number to organize 
as a congregation. Among these were the Chester, Cooke, Ancfrews, 
Drake Smith, Lyell, King and Sawtelle families. x\t the time, the 


Rev. O. W. Whitaker was taking a well-deserved rest at the home 
of his brother-in-law, Charles T. Chester. Forgetful of personal 
need, Mr. Whitaker devoted himself to the service of those of his 
own creed, and inspired the incorporation, in 1865, of a church, 
under the style of "The Rector, Wardens and Vestrymen of St. 
Paul's Church." The congregation of some thirty persons, who had 
held services under the ministrations of a lay reader, could supply 
wardens and vestrymen, but it had neither rector nor church. How- 
ever, the movement to erect a church enlisted general support, not 
only of the congregation itself, but of members of other denomina- 
tions. In October of this same year, Mr. Whitaker was induced to 
remain in the east and to accept the rectorship of the new parish. 
The church, a modest building of brown sandstone, built from plans 
drawn by Adriance Van Brunt, occupied the site on Engle street where 
the second St. Paul's church now stands. There were only thirty 


(First Church, 1S65) 


pews in the church and these were deemed sufficient for immediate 
need and future growth. Before the building was completed, a Sun- 
day school was organized. At the opening session of this school there 
were four teachers and three pupils present, the latter of the infant 
class age. Among the teachers were Mrs. Chester and Miss Hen- 
rietta Drake Smith. The pupils were Anna King, Mary Roberts 
Chester and Laura Drake Smith. The school grew beyond expecta- 
tion and bade fair to outnumber the congregation, until all the par- 
ents of the children were gathered into the church fold and the bal- 
ance was restored. The first wardens were John EL Lyell and Charles 
T. Chester; vestrymen, Elerbert B. Turner, Richard K. Cooke, E. W. 
Andrews, William King, A. C. Davis, Captain Ransom, and Cullen 
Sawtelle. The first child baptized in the church was Thornton Floyd 
Turner, who was destined to grow in grace and knowledge so that in 
manhood he was the architect of the Parish House and the present 
St. Paul's church. Mr. Whitaker's charge continued until 1867, 
when he returned to missionary work in the west. He afterward 
became missionary bishop of Nevada and bishop of Pennsylvania. 
In succession to Mr. Whitaker came the Rev. W. H. Benjamin and 
the Rev. J. H. Elliott, whose combined terms of service extended 
until May, 1868. They were followed by the Rev. W. S. Langford, 
D.D. The rectorate of the last named was from July, 1868, to Octo- 
ber, 1870, during which time there was increase in membership and 
added support, which enabled the vestry to build a rectory on the 
plot adjoining the church. The further growth of the church, which 
came with the installation of the Rev. John William Payne, in 187U, 
belongs in a subsequent record of e\'ents. 

The year after the building of St. Paul's, provision was made for 
another congregation of worshippers on the west side of the village, 
by the building of St. Cecilia's church on Waldo place. Previous 
to this time, the nearest Catholic church was at Fort Lee, and many 
devout worshippers walked the distance of five miles and back in 
order to attend mass. During 186.3—64, mission services were held 
by Father Coardley and by the Rev. D. Corrigan, of St. Mary's, 
Hoboken. Father EL A. Brann, who followed in 1865, was an 
enthusiastic and energetic young priest, through his efforts the first 
Catholic church, St. Cecilia's, was built. The church was an unpre- 
tentious frame building, which soon became too small to accommo- 
date the rapidly increasing congregation. I'nder Father A. J. Smits 
the building was enlarged and improved in 1868. Soon thereafter, 
a parochial school was established under the care of sisters of charity 



from the Mother House, Madison, N. J. The priests in charge of 
St. Cecilia's belong to the Carmelite Order and, by the rules of the 
order, do not remain uninterruptedly in one parish, so Father Smits 
came and went during the period of his connection with the Engle- 
wood church. He was beloved by his parishioners and greatly re- 
spected by the entire community for his work in promoting the wel- 
fare of the village. 


The two churches whose building has been described represented 
new trends of thought in the community, new viewpoints on many 
subjects, and were the beginning of the spirit of toleration and respect 
for one another's opinions, which has made life in Englewood worth 

From buildings, we pass to the very live individuals who made 
Englewood their home in the period directly following the war. 
Among these was William Walter Phelps, who came to Teaneck in 
the early part of 1865. Mr. Phelps, the only son of John Jay Phelps, 
a wealthy merchant of New York, was born in that city in 1839, was 
educated at Yale, and graduated from that institution with honor in 
1860. Soon after leaving college, he married Miss Ellen Sheffield, 
daughter of Joseph E'.. Sheffield, founder of the Sheffield scientific 
school, an auxiliary department of Yale. After a year spent abroad, 
he entered Columbia law school, received his LL.B. degree in 1863 


nil-: lUHMv i~>l I'M,.! I'W'OCH') 

.iiii.i imincdiatch lK-!j,.m ilu' |M-.u'tu\' ol Ins [ii'i'U'ssu'n. As ,i suiniiu'i' 
rcsitk'iiLC was'K', Mr. 1*1k"1|is bcu^lit tlu' l.unh link l.irm m 
Icanock ami i\'nuHli.lli.\l tlu' oKl niitcli sloiu' I a iinluuisc into a thaian- 
ino- n.'suli,'iK\'. I Ik' death nt his latluT, in ISdS, And the can- iinohcil 
m the settlement ol a hii\i;e estate, ohliL^eil Mr. Phelps to !_;i\e up his 

\\ 1 1,1,1 \!\i w A i,'i'|,:i; I'll ra.r.'.; 

law praetlee aiul make Imi^U'w ood his permaneiit home. In the eoiiise 
ol years the larm expanded into an estate ol some t\\ent\-miu' liiin- 
tlred aeri's, extendmi^ I rom the liaikensaek to the lliidson ri\er. 
I he ori;;inal stoiu- house with its low rainlillno addition, kiun\ ii as 
I eaneek (daiioe, hee.ime the adjuiiet (d a modern stoiu- st met iin-, 
harmonioLis in design. In de\elopinn his o\\ n piopeil\, Mr. I'lielps 
benelited the \illai;e h\' the roads t ra \ (.■rsiiii; the estate, 
wlileh \\ere Iree to the piiMie, and h\ opening; to lo\ ers of nature a 
\\oodland trael <il t ill lorest trees, runnini; liiaMiks ,iiid "r.iss roads, 
where all who wiuild mioht walk or dii\e, with the one stipiil.ilidn 

I sr, I 


which forbade any interference with the superior rights of birds and 
small game to this, their home. Mr. Phelps was interested in Engle- 
wood affairs and assisted generously in local improvements; his many 
real estate transactions were for investment purposes, not for spec- 
ulation. National politics attracted him. Identifying himself with 
the Republican Party, Mr. Phelps entered upon his political career in 
1872, as member of Congress from the fifth congressional district. 

The second addition to the Teaneck community was Thomas B. 
Van Buren, of an old New York family of political tendencies. Mr. 
Van Buren had married Miss Harriet Sheffield, and thereby the 
Phelps and Van Buren families were connected. The latter family 
built a home on property near the Phelps estate. Land-holding out- 
side his own Teaneck possessions did not interest Mr. Van Buren. 
He already was prominent in political circles and later represented 
our government most ably in Japan as United States Consul-General, 
at a time when careful diplomac)' was essential. In local matters, 
Mr. Van Buren was prominent in the formation of the Protection 

An 1866 Teaneck arrival was Captain William P. Coe, of Pilgrim 
descent, distant kin of the John Alden who wooed Priscilla Mullins 
on behalf of bashful Myles Standish. Just before the Civil War broke 
out. Captain Coe had organized, in Brooklyn, a military company, 
which later became the nucleus of the 23rd Regiment, New York 
National Guard. He immediately sought active service and was com- 
missioned Captain of Company A, 176th Regiment N. Y. Volunteer 
Infantry, which took the field in Louisiana as part of the troops 
under the command of General N. P. Banks. Captain Coe was cap- 
tured In an engagement and was imprisoned at Andersonvllle and 
Richmond. On his return to civil life, he engaged in business in New 
York, but removed his family from Brooklyn to Teaneck. He inter- 
ested himself in township affairs and was also one of the first mem- 
bers of the Protection Society. His military predilection asserted 
Itself again. In 1871, in the formation of a militia company, of which 
he was elected captain. The other officers were W. Romeyn Vermilye, 
first heutenant, and Fred G. Coyte, a Civil War veteran, second lieu- 
tenant. Company headquarters were on Van Brunt street, where 
Captain Coe brought his men up to a high pitch of efficiency. The 
command afterwards became Company B, 2d Battalion, N. G. N. J., 
with a famous record for marksmanship. 

Brooklyn had been a source of supply of desirable residents in 
pioneer days and the "City of Churches" renewed the practice in 



post-war times. The 1867 contribution was Colonel Henry Ward 
Banks, originally from Westport, Conn., but one of the many Yankee 
boys who found a business beginning in New York. He made his 
way to a partnership in a firm of importers of tea and coffee. As a 
young man he joined the New York fire department and for several 
years was foreman of America Hose Company No. 10. He was 
also fond of baseball and cat-boat sailing. His first military expe- 
rience was the formation of a company of young men for patrol duty, 



durmg the draft riots of 1863. With this company, enlarged to regu- 
lation numbers, he joined the 47th Regiment, N. Y. Volunteers. The 
regiment was stationed at Fort Henry and, later in the war. Captain 
Banks was promoted to the rank of major and subsequently to that 
of Lieutenant-Colonel. Col. Banks bought the Johnson house, on 
Palisade avenue, and improved both house and grounds. He thor- 
oughly identified himself with all local interests,— in the Presbyterian 
church, in the township, in the founding of the Field Club, the Bank 
and other institutions. His was a fine type of practical Christianity 
in the fullest sense of the term. 

Brooklyn was in a liberal mood this same year, for another gift 
was Donald Mackay, born in Portchester, N. Y., but a resident of 


Brooklyn during boyhood and young manhood. He entered the busi- 
ness of Vermilye and Company, Wall street bankers, as a junior clerk, 
and at the time of his arrival in Englewood had reached the position 
of junior partner. He married Miss Jennie Wise, daughter of the 
Rev. Dr. Daniel Wise. Consequently, when he built a house, it was 
located on Dwight place. As Mr. Mackay's interest in Englewood 
affairs began with his arrival and continued to the end of his life, 
reference to his activities will come in proper point of time. 

In the summer of 1866, William A. Booth, a retired New York 
banker, made Englewood his adopted home and bought a tract of 
land far north on Engle street. The upper part of the holding, some 
sixty odd acres, extending from Engle street to the Palisades, had 
striking picturesque features of forest trees, a brook or two and a 
pond, on whose banks the first spring flowers were to be found. The 
street level was higher here, and the house itself was located on the 
lower slope of a hill. Mr. Booth built his house, still standing at the 
north corner of Engle street and Booth avenue, and the following 
vear, a son, William T. Booth, erected a home nearly opposite, on 
the west side of Engle street. This example was followed in a year 
by J. Hugh Peters, a son-in-law, who built on property to the south 
of William T. Booth. Still farther south, on the west side of Engle 
street, near Demarest avenue, was the residence of another son, the 
Rev. Henry M. Booth. There were other Booths on Dwight place, 
where Charles H. Booth, the brother of William A., had settled with 
his family of three daughters. 

The youngest of the Booth sons was the Rev. Henry M. Booth, 
but recently graduated from the Union Theological Seminary and 
called to the pastorate of the Presbyterian church in place of the 
Rev. J. H. Dwight, who had resigned on account of failing health. 
In September of this year, 1867, he entered upon a service of work 
and influence which continued for twenty-nine years. J. Hugh Peters 
was the son of the Rev. Absalom Peters and Harriet Hinckley Hatch, 
and came of Vermont colonial stock. He married Mary A. Booth 
and both entered into village and church activities. Mr. Peters was 
an elder of the Presbyterian church and was, for many years, the 
superintendent of the Sunday school. In business, Mr. Peters was a 
banker and broker and member of the Stock Exchange. William T. 
Booth studied medicine and received his degree, but never practiced 
his profession. He was interested with his father in the Booth prop- 
erty and was also connected with the New York Life Insurance Com- 
pany. The sons, son-in-law, and grandsons of William A. Booth were 



all graduates of Williams College and may be said to have introduced 
the cult of this particular college into Englewood. 

North of the Rev. Mr. Booth's house was the residence of Mr. 
and Mrs. Ralph Barber. With them resided Mr. Barber's nephew, 
Leroy B. Half, a manufacturer of silver ware. Mr. Haff's first 
Englewood activities were centered in St. Paul's church, in which he 
served as vestryman and later as warden. On the corner of Engle 
street and Demarest avenue was the cottage built by Robert Pratt 



in the early fifties. Robert was a dairyman and kept his cows on the 
lower part of his plot on the Demarest avenue side, which shows how 
very rural Englewood was in the late sixties. About 1865-66, Wil- 
liam Stewart Doughty and James L. Dawes and their families became 
Engle street neighbors; the Doughty house was on the west side of 
the street and faced the Dawes home on the corner of Chestnut 
street. Charles H. Waterbury who, with the two just mentioned, 
formed a congenial trio, lived around the corner on Chestnut street. 
Uzal Cory and Henry A. Lyman, belonging to this same time, built 
homes on Dwight place. George S. Coe, well known in financial cir- 
cles as president of the American Exchange Bank, erected a house 
on upper Palisade avenue, west of the Johnson house. This property 

[90] " 


was subsequently sold to D. Webster Evans, and the second Coe home 
was built on the Palisades, north of the Dana property, on a cliff 
jutting out over the river, furnishing a wonderful view of the Hudson. 
Further down, on the north side of Palisade avenue, Washington 
Romeyn Vermilye bought the Byron Murray house and set up therein 
his household gods. Colonel Vermilye, to give him the title which 
was his due, was of French Huguenot extraction and must have re- 
verted in type to some fighting ancestor, despite the fact that he was 
the son of a Presbyterian elder and filled the same office himself, 
after he came to Englewood. He was head of the banking firm of 
Vermilye and Company. Outside his business and church connections, 
his greatest interest had been centered in that part of the militia of 
New York represented by the Seventh Regiment. He entered the 
regiment as private in 1832 and rose to the rank of Colonel in 1845. 
At the time he settled in Englewood he was Colonel of the Seventh 
Regiment Veterans. While Colonel Vermilye was a generous con- 
tributor toward the building of the new Presbyterian church, he also 
rendered substantial assistance when Captain William P. Coe organ- 
ized the militia company, which, no matter what its changing regi- 
mental designation, was always cherished in public esteem as "Com- 
pany B." 

Among the last of those who came for merely home-making pur- 
poses, was Jacob Augustus Duryee, from Brooklyn, who was drawn 
to Chestnut street through family associations and built a home 
among his kin. Mr. Duryee traced his family back to Joost Durje 
and Madeleine Le Fevre, his wife, who came from Holland to New 
L'trecht, Long Island, in the early part of the seventeenth century. 
Mr. Duryee married Ariana Graves Ruggles, of the old Scotch fam- 
ily of Ruggles, which settled in Colonial days at Rochester, on Cape 
Cod. Mr. and Mrs. Duryee joined the Chestnut street group, and 
the former built the stone house which was, in 1874, the birthplace 
of Police Commissioner Peter Stanford Duryee. 

Aside from the purely residential increase in this period of growth, 
there were notable additions also to the business part of the commu- 
nity. The year 1867 brought to Englewood an enterprising young 
man, just of age — Abram Tallman, born at Tallman's, Rockland 
County, N. Y. The new-comer claimed descent from Douwe Har- 
mensen Tallman, of Friesland, Holland, who settled in Bergen in 
1658, and later bought a tract of land in Rockland County, near 
Nyack. This property was inherited by the sons of Douwe, Tunis 
and the second Douwe, and through family arrangements in succeed- 



ing generations was divided into farms. Consequently young Abram 
Fallman spent his early life on his father's farm, and attended school 
at Suffern. Later, Mr. Tallman learned carpentry and building in 
every detail, and with this knowledge and the steady-going traits of 
his Dutch ancestry as his stock in trade, he sought and found oppor- 
tunity in Englewood, of which his work remains as proof. Always 
actively interested in village welfare, Mr. Tallman has done construc- 
tive work for the weal of township and city in his service as township 
committeeman and city councilman. 



John F. Fitschen began his residence of over fifty years in 1867, 
and so did Mrs. Fitschen, for the two came to Englewood as a newly 
married pair. Mr. Fitschen established his reputation as a builder 
in the erection of several fine houses and in the building of the 
Lyceum. There were other business men who did not build houses, 
but sold or rented houses already built, and plots large and small on 
which dwellings could be erected according to individual taste. Charles 
W. Valentine, a new-comer from "upstate" New York, enlivened 
local real estate dealings on his arrival in 1867, through live methods 
which never were acquired in sleepy Rensselaer County, his birth 
place. Mr. Valentine combined a hardware store with his real estate 
business, and whether he sold kitchen utensils or property. Improved 



or unimproved, he exerted himself to find just what the customer 
wanted, and when he made a sale, he made a friend. The year fol- 
lowing, Rufus Allen Gorham arrived in Englewood and also engaged 
in the real estate field. Mr. Gorham was then a young man with 
a young wife; the village claimed their allegiance from the start and 
Englewood thereafter was their home. As became a man of New 
England descent, Mr. Gorham was careful and conservative in his 
business methods but none the less sure. He later expanded his busi- 
ness by forming a partnership with Henry C. Jackson under the 
name of Gorham and Jackson, which continued until the death of 
Mr. Jackson. The firm became later R. A. Gorham and Son. In 
church affiliation, Mr. Gorham was a Methodist and one of the most 
active workers in the local Methodist Episcopal church. We have 
already made reference in this chapter to the wooing of Priscilla 
Mullins by John Alden in Pilgrim Father days. Divested of tlie set- 
ting given to the tale by LongfelloAv in "The Courtship of Miles 
Standish," the facts are, John Alden himself married the fair Pris- 
cilla, and Mvles Standish, a widower, was not long inconsolable, but 
took as his wife one Barbara, whose surname is not recorded. In 
after years, Alexander, son of Myles and Barbara Standish, married 
Sarah, daughter of John and Priscilla Alden. Through this marriage, 
Rufus Allen Gorham was eighth in descent from both the scholar, 
John Alden, and the captain of Plymouth Colony, Myles Standish. 
A treasured possession of the Gorham family was Myles Standish's 
pipe, unbroken after so many vears, since it was forged from a strip 
of iron. 










N 1868, Englewood entered upon the speculative period of 
its life. The easy state of the money market and super- 
abundant energy impelled the group of Englewood pioneers 
to enter upon extensive operations outside of the village 
limits. In their enthusiasm, these promoters had visions of farms cut 
up into building lots and flourishing villages springing up along the 
line of the railroad. A land boom was started and many farms were 
purchased, on the basis of a small payment down and the balance in 
mortgages, bearing a high rate of interest. Two villages were started, 
namely, Creskill and Norwood. The latter was a pet project of J. 
Wyman Jones, who built the Norwood House there as a summer 
hotel. He also contributed toward the erection of a church in the 
same place. The speculative spirit induced also some of the residents, 
whose original object was country homes, to trade in village lots. It 
was an exciting and prolitable game for those who did not stay in 
too long, but in the end it brought disaster to many a speculator and 
holder of mortgages. 

But the steady part of the community, while it might have some 
little schemes about public improvements, saw to it that the solid 
interests of the village were not neglected. One important interest 
was brought about by an act of the legislature, in 1867, which effected 
a change in the educational system of the state, by the establishment 
of a state board of education and the placing of free public schools 
under county superintendents. The act provided for local taxation, 
not to exceed three thousand dollars, to supplement the state appro- 
priation. This sum was apportioned by the school superintendent of 
each county. Through this change, Englewood became school district 
No. 7, and Richard K. Cooke, Cornelius Lydecker and Moses E. 
Springer were appointed trustees, to organize the district. The first 
school meeting for the election of trustees was held September 2, 
1867. Richard K. Cooke, John Van Brunt and Nathan T. Johnson 

[ 95 ] 


were elected for terms of three years, two years and one year respec- 
tively. Mr. Cooke was president and Mr. Van Brunt secretary of 
the board. L'nder existing circumstances, there was but one way 
to obtain funds for the purchase of a site and the erection of a 
building, and that was through the medium of a subscription paper. 
With much vacant land available in Englewood at the time, and so 
much public spirit shown in other directions, it seems remarkable 
that there was failure in the matter of donation of a suitable site. 
Probably the explanation of this omission may be found in the pre- 
vailing opinion of the day as to the place of the public school in both 
the educational and social scheme of a community. Work on the 
building was begun in 1868 and progressed slowly, as there were 
other subscription papers in circulation. Meanwhile the school was 
carried on in the armory on Van Brunt street, with James W. Deuel 
as principal. He was assisted by his two daughters. The building 
was completed and occupied in the fall of 1870. Mr. Deuel re- 
mained in charge as principal until failing health caused his resigna- 
tion. In the accompanying illustration, only the southern end of the 
building represents the original brick structure, the other part being 
a frame addition of later years. 

Before the Rev. Henry M. Booth had settled permanently in 
Englewood, the question of enlarging the Presbyterian chapel or of 
building a new church, on ground reserved for the purpose, was 
taken under serious consideration. A committee, appointed to ascer- 
tain what amount could be raised by subscription for a new church, 
reported, at the annual church meeting of 1868, subscriptions in hand 
amounting to $24,515, and at the same time presented plans for the 
building. A building committee, with George S. Coe as chairman 
and Livingston K. Miller as treasurer, was appointed at once, and 
in a short time contracts were awarded to A. D. Bogert and Brother 
for carpenter work and to Henry Lewis for stone work, for erecting 
the church according to plans drawn by G. Fletcher Babb, of New 
York. The corner stone was laid at the northeast corner of the north 
transept on February 22nd, 1869, and the first service in the com- 
pleted building was held on April 17th, 1870. Several gifts were 
made toward the completion of the church, among these being the 
present of the organ by David Hoadley, and the gift of the bell, the 
joint offering of Charles A. Nichols, Joseph Lyman and Washington 
R. Vermilye. The debt Incurred in building the church was entirely 
removed in three years' time. Changes in the arrangement of the 
pulpit and choir gallerv were made in 1880 by Henry Jones. Four 



years later the transepts were rebuilt and enlarged, after plans made 
by J- Cleveland Cady, by which additional pews were provided for 
an increased congregation. This latter work was accomplished by 
J. F. Fitschen, builder, and Thomson and Poland, stone masons. 
The illustration depicts the church as it appears today. 

At the beginning of the period to which this chapter is devoted, 
many things in the village were susceptible of improvement. The 
roacis were still of the dirt variety, full of ruts in winter time and 


dusty at all times, except when it rained. The funds at the disposal 
of the township committee were not large enough to admit of real 
improvement, even if the overseers of highways had possessed any 
knowledge of scientific road-building. Where sidewalks existed, they 
were fashioned of planks, held together with cross-pieces of stouter 
timber, often so narrow that it behooved the pedestrian to watch his 
steps. These plank sidewalks were private enterprises, extending on 
the frontage of each particular property, so that progress for any 
distance was varied between walking the plank and walking on what- 
ever bordered a \-acant lot. In the village main street, flag sidewalks, 
of rather meagre width, appeared toward the end of the period. 
Kerosene lamps, at the entrance to private grounds, furnished the 
only street illumination in the residential quarter. In the business 



section, lamps in the store M'indows lightened the outer darkness to 
the best of their abdity untd closing time. 

At this juncture, the Village Improvement Society materialized 
and undertook the praiseworthy work of tree planting, street lighting 
and the removal of rubbish, which the unregenerate were prone to 
dump on unenclosed lots, just -where it would most offend the eyes 
of the passers-by. Tree planting was done carefully and intelligently 
with regard to soil conditions, and many of the beautiful trees which 
are the city's pride today were set out as saplings, under the direction 


of the Society. Street lamps were placed on poles along the streets 
and were lighted and cared for by the Society. The expense of the 
undertakings was met by annual subscriptions, secured from citizens 
generally, and by private contributions. When the special work for 
which the Society was organized became no longer necessary, the 
organization continued its usefulness in advocating and often orig- 
inating public improvements. Englewood's first bank originated in 
the Improvement Society and civic work among the poor and needy 
had its inception in the same source. 

Another project, which might have lessened the cost of trans- 
porting certain commodities, was the "Overpeck Canal Company, 
Limited." The plan in view was the construction of a canal from 



Palisade avenue to Walton, the head of tide-water of the Overpeck 
Creek. A company was formed and money was subscribed to start 
the enterprise. J'he brook running through Englewood to the Over- 
peck was widened, straightened and deepened by dredging. In fancy, 
the promoters of the plan saw merchandise unloading from barges 
at the Englewood dock of the Canal Company. But at Walton, 
Allen's tide-mill blocked the way and the proprietor was not inclined 
to yield his right. That was the end of the canal, so far as its orig- 
inal purpose was concerned, though it was very helpful in the draining 
of the low-lying section through which it passed. Jacob S. W^etmore 
was the president and L Smith Homans the secretary of the company. 
The twenty persons engaged in the enterprise were not seriously 
inconvenienced by the loss occasioned by the failure of the project. 

An act of the legislature of 1869 gave Englewood its share of an 
authorized improvement ol a country road. The act provided for the 
widening, straightening and general putting-in-order of that part of the 
public road known as English Neighborhood road, running from its 
junction with Bergen turnpike to Palisade avenue. Garret A. Lydecker 
and Nathan T. Johnson ^^'ere the Englewood commissioners, named 
for five years to make such improvement. An amendment to the act, 
in the following year, specified that English Neighborhood road was 
henceforth to be known as Grand avenue. Palisade avenue was also 
to be improved from the corner of Grand avenue to the bridge near 
Henry West's blacksmith shop. The commission was also authorized 
to open and put in order a new public road to be known as Broad 
avenue, from Ridgefield to Englewood. The improvement of the old 
road and the opening of the new highway aided in the development 
of Englewood, but it cast into the discard a time-honored name, ante- 
dating the Revolution. This was done by a legislature evidently 
ignorant of the claims historical of English Neighborhood road over 
the parvenu appellation of Grand avenue. 

The Bergen County Gas Company came into existence in 1869, 
under the auspices of James O. Morse, Daniel Drake Smith and Col- 
onel Henry W. Banks. These gentlemen, with Ashbel Green, Eeb- 
beus Chapman, Jr., William King and Eivingston K. Miller, formed 
the first board of directors. The superintendent and manager of the 
company, as long as it remained an Englewood corporation, was 
Samuel F. Gold, formerly of Eitchfield County, Conn. He was a 
man of Revolutionary ancestry, with a Civil War record. This was 
not, however, the measure of his ability, for Mr. Gold was a man 
of great mechanical ability and inventive genius. Among his inven- 



tions was a system of heating large buildings effectively at minimum 
cost. At the time of the formation of the gas company, coal sold at 
a very high rate per ton, consequently gas cost a proportionally high 
rate per thousand feet. Notwithstanding this fact, gas was intro- 
duced into many dwellings, but was not at that time used for street 
illumination, as that would have 
involved an expenditure which the 
township committee could not have 
met. The company erected a build- 
ing on Engle street, which was a 
combined office and residence for 
the superintendent. In the rear of 
the building, fronting on Walker's 
alley, a gas tank was built to sup- 
ply the consumers. 

A number of private residences 
were erected during the period 
of which this chapter treats, and 
added to the improvement of En- 
glewood. There was one public 
building erected in 1868 of which 
mention must be made. This was 
the Palisade House, on the south- 
east corner of Palisade avenue and 
Dean street. It was owned by Dr. 

John Turnure, a veterinarian who had his office at the Taykn- stables, 
on Dean street. The first lessee of the hotel was Peter Van Riper. 
As the house afforded greater accommodation than Stagg's hotel, 
it was used for the meetings of the township committee for several 
years, and for elections. The place had quite a political record, later, 
when primaries were held there, and was the scene of more than one 
hot primary contest. The hotel flourished from the time of its build- 
ing until the arid days of the eighteenth amendment. 

In 1868, the railroad was still using wood-burning engines, which 
bore, in the fashion of the day, names which were emblazoned on the 
side of the cab. Three of the engines on the Northern were named 
"Major Anderson," "Englewood" and "Palisades." Among the engi- 
neers was "Big" Ben Scribner, who was so expert that he "could get 
up steam in his engine without thinking about it at all." Ben was 
particular in his dress and always wore a white shirt under a spotless 
jumper, such daintiness being possible with a wood-burning engine. 




Then there was a John Demarest, who took advantage of the fact 
that Englewood was a wood and water station. So John always 
went into .Vckei'man's for refreshment, while the fireman ran the 
train up to the water tank for the refreshment of the engine. At the 
end of an exact interval, John appeared at the door of the hotel, the 
fireman shut off the water, backed the train down and picked him up. 


Englewood, in 1869, reached a point quite common in village 
growth in the late sixties. This was the stage of development when 
a community, or a part thereof, became obsessed with the idea of 
erecting a public building, generally styled the "opera house." Our 
community did not fall into the latter error, for the pretentious build- 
ing was known as ''The Athena-um," the diphthong affording varia- 
tions in the pronunciation of the name. Edmund S. Munroe, one of 
the early residents, was the prime mover in circulating the inevitable 
subscription paper on the afternoon express train. By this means, 
the sum of $22,000 was realized, and a stock company was formed 
with David Hoadley as president, George S. Coe, vice-president and 



Edmund S. Munroe, treasurer. Associated with the officers on the 
board of directors were Washington R. Vermilye, Nathan T. John- 
son and Jeffrey A. Humphrey. The site chosen was the northwest 
corner of Palisade avenue and Engle street. Plans were prepared 
by Adriance Van Brunt, Andrew D. Bogert being the contractor 
and builder. The Athenaeum was a brick structure, three stories high, 
with a mansard roof which converted attic space into a sort of addi- 
tional story. There was not a single graceful architectural line in the 
whole building; it was big, seventy-five feet square, something tre- 
mendous for the time and place. There were stores on the ground 
floor, on the avenue side, and the upper stories were laid out as offices 
fronting on Palisade avenue. The entrance lobby, on Engle street 
side, was insignificant in dimension, the stairway leading to the audi- 
torium on the rear of the second floor leaving much to be desired in 
point of safety and convenience. With a stuffy gallery, the hall had 
a seating capacity of 800. After the opening night, it Is doubtful if 
there was ever a pay performance which necessitated a "standing 
room only" sign at the box office. The building was opened, in the 
early part of 1870, by a grand concert, in which Clara Louise Kel- 
logg, then in her first operatic fame, was the chief attraction. After 
this opening affair, the auditorium part of the building M'as used 
only infrequently; one-night theatrical companies came along at in- 
tervals and presented those standard dramas "Uncle Tom's Cabin," 
"East Lynne" and other thrillers of the day; amateur theatricals 
and Choral Club concerts filled parquet and dress circle, for loyalty 
to home talent was a cardinal principle strictly observed. But the 
building was a failure in every way; the stores were not always 
rented and the offices were not in demand; the revenue derived from 
rentals did not meet the interest on the mortgages, and maintenance 
charges. The panic of '73 hit the stock so hard that it almost dis- 
appeared in its downward flight, until one person bought it all in. 
In 1888, the building was destroyed by fire, the insurance barely sat- 
isfying the mortgage. 

On the other end of the same block, the same year, a building of 
brick, with mansard roof, was built by John S. Vanderbeek for the 
owner, John Vanderbeek. The building, like its big neighbor up the 
street, had stores on the avenue and a very inconspicuous entrance 
around the corner on Dean street. It was built for business and 
housing purposes, and very well built at that. When the property 
passed into the hands of the late Dr. Byron G. Van Home, the name 
of the building was changed to Masonic Hall, the upper floors being 



used mainly as offices ami lodge rooms for Masonic and other organ- 

The growth of Englewood during the years immediately follow- 
ing the Civil War, and the fact that many wealthy families were 
making their home in the village, directed the very unwelcome atten- 
tion of professional thieves to our community. These men were per- 
fectly informed of the unprotected condition of the ^allage and of the 



easy means of escape afforded by the forests of the Palisades. After 
several houses had been entered, it became evident that defensive 
measures must be inaugurated. A strong organization of permanent 
character, backed by the authority of the state, was an imperative 
necessity. I'he man who thought out this plan of organization was 
James W. McCulloh, a long-time resident, then living in Teaneck. 
After consultation with others in sympathy with the project, a meet- 
ing of the citizens of Idackensack township was called on E^nuary 30, 
1869, at the Palisade House, for the purpose of "organizing a society 
for the maintenance of order and the protection of property." The 
chairman of the meeting was Thomas B. Van Buren, of Teaneck, 
who explained the purpose of the organization. James W. McCulloh 
read the plan of operation, the act under which incorporation could 



be effected, and other details. The plan was approved and an or- 
ganization formed under the title of "The Protection Society of 
Hackensack Township." Thirty-one members were enrolled at the 
first meeting and the following officers were elected: James W. 
McCulloh, president; Thomas W. Demarest, vice-president; Eebbeus 
Chapman, Jr., treasurer; .Vdriance Van Brunt, secretary. The first 
membership included the greater part of the able-bodied male resi- 
dents of Englewood. The society was incorporated on February 6th, 
1869. On the 24th of the same month, an act of the legislature 
permitted the president and vice-president of the society to apply 
to the governor of the state to commission one or more persons to 
act as marshals in the township, with all the authority and powers 
of constables in criminal cases. Power was given the governor to 
appoint the president and vice-president special police justices, and 
the society was empowered to purchase land and erect a lock-up, to 
rank as a common jail. Thus equipped with all needed authority the 
society entered at once upon active service. President McCulloh was 
a man of undaunted courage, never shunning dangerous service, and 
the society afforded plenty of service of that nature. It took grit 
to turn out on dark, rainy nights anci cio mounteci patrol duty on 
lonely roads. The first marshal was William M. Hill, duly commis- 
sioned by the governor and paid by the society, whose membership 
increased rapidly. Two years after organization, members were 
divideci into active ($10 per year) members and non-active ($25 
per year) members. In the latter class were Mrs. Margaret Wester- 
v'elt and Mrs. Margaret Orser. At the annual meeting of 1872, the 
decision was made to build a lock-up, cost not to exceed $3,0(J0, of 
which amount $2,160 was immediately raised. The first five years 
of the society were the most difficult, the active members being always 
subject to call for service other than apprehending thieves, for Engle- 
wood had no fire department. Dr. EI. M. Banks served as vice- 
president with Mr. McCulloh, during four of the latter's terms as 
president, and co-operated in making the way of the evil-doer in 
Englewood unmistakably hard. 

The town meeting of 1870 A^as held on April 11th. Maurice 
Fitzgerald was made chairman of the Township Committee, Joseph 
W. Stagg and Samuel S. Demarest were elected freeholders and 
Ralph I. Demarest was chosen town clerk. The business of the year 
was of the usual routine nature, with discussions over the poorhouse 
and the poor farm, the latter giving no end of trouble. There was 
a proposition to get rid of the farm under consideration, when the 



legislature settled the matter by passing an act, which divided Hack- 
ensack township into the townships of Englewood, Ridgefield and 
Palisades. The valedictory meeting was held on April 6th, 1871. 
After settling accounts to date, the clerk made the final entry on the 
minutes that "according to the foregoing resolution, the Township 
Committee of Hackensack township adjourned sine die." 



[ 106 ] 



The First Decade 

X 1693, the General Assembly of East Jersey established 
Hackensack township as a territory of generous dimensions. 
In 1871, the legislature of the State of New Jersey divided 
■' what was left of this same township, after the lapse of one 
hundred and seventy-eight years, into the townships of Palisades, 
Englewood and Ridgefield. The passing of the ancient township came 
as the natural sequence of old age and usefulness outlived; without 
bell or book it slipped quietly into its place in the graveyard of tne 

In setting up for itself, Englewood, with a single exception, ex- 
perienced no change in the administration of township affairs. The 
offices to be filled were practically the same as in the old days. The 
long list of overseers of highways was no longer seen on the ballot, 
in place whereof was substituted "surveyors of highways," two in 
number; this office in turn disappeared after the election of March 
1 1, 1879, when it was evidently no longer needed as part of township 
machinery. Of course, the noble armies of constables and pound- 
keepers kept their ranks intact for several years, until the Protection 
Society lessened the labors of the former and legislative enactments 
finally limited the walks of assorted domestic animals to their own 
premises. The exception in administrative office was that in the 
building and maintenance of roads. Through an act of the legislature, 
in 1870, the Hackensack road board, a county institution, divided 
Hackensack township into seven road districts and nominated the 
first commissioners of the same, subject to the approval of the town- 
ship committees of the respective districts. The act provided that 
each district should appropriate and raise the money necessary for 
the building and macadamizing of new roads and for the improve- 
ment and maintenance of existing highways. Both work and expendi- 
ture of funds were placed under the control of a duly elected com- 
missioner. By the time the road board had completed its plans and 


had sent in its nnmin.itions, the division of the township, etteetive at 
the spring election of 1871, was close at hand. The last act of the 
old township, as the governing body until its final adjournment, was 
the conHrrnation of the election of David Blauvelt as commissioner 
of road district No. 2, and of Benson Van Vleet as commissioner of 
road district No. 3. 

In 1874, a separate road board was organized for Palisades 
township. Englewood remained under the original act, with four 
road districts, each making its own appropriation, raised by taxation 
and expended by its ovv-n commissioner. This plan of road manage- 
ment workeci out advantageously. Almost invariably the best men 
were elected road commissioners, resulting in excellent work and 
careful expenditure ol district funds. 

Now as to the administrators of township affairs. For a number 
of years these were almost exclusively native residents and descend- 
ants of the earliest settlers of Bergen county. So it came about that 
Guilliam Bougaert, Hollander of 1697: James Christie, Scotch im- 
migrant of Schraalenburgh; the Vanderbeek, of early colonial days; 
Garret Eydecker, the patentee; Rutger \'an Brunt, Long Island 
settler; David Des Marais, Ireneh Huguenot; Hendrick De Ronde, 
Dutch Huguenot, and the Polish Albert Zborowski were, through 
their descendants, represented in successi\'e Englewood township com- 
mittees. These officials were men who stood well in the community 
and, as a rule, were farmers cultivating inherited land or were other- 
wise connected with purely local interests. Naturally conservative 
in views, thoroughly imbued M'ith the thrifty spirit of their forbears, 
it was to be expected that they would not depart from the beaten 
track. Joseph W. Stagg, Nathan 'P. Johnson and Dr. H. AI. Banks, 
who had certainly lost all trace of "newness'' during their participa- 
tion of more than a decade in Englewood affairs, found no field of 
local activity in the offices to which they were elected. Mr. Stagg's 
energy manifested itself in the county board of freeholder; the execu- 
tive ability of Mr. Johnson was confined, as commissioner of appeal, 
to deciding differences of opinion bet\\een the assessor and the tax- 
payer. As Dr. Banks already held the appointment of special police 
justice by virtue of his office of vice-president of the Protection 
Society, the position of justice of the peace added neither dignity 
nor power. 

Albert J. Bogert was the first elected chairman of Englewood 
township, holding the office for six successive terms, which indicates 
popular appreciation of his ability. During this period, the business 

[ 108 ] 


of the township committee was conducted along old familiar lines. 
With road matters out of the way, the committee could and did 
devote its attention largely to adjusting the management of the poor- 
house, now a tri-township institution under the joint control of one 
member from each of the three townships. Palisades, Englewood 
anci Ridgefield. Statistics are not available as to the number of poor, 
or, in the vernacular, "paupers," who were cared for in the tri-town- 

(From a portrait liy Chester Loomis) 

ship poorhouse. Many or few, they provided occasion for prolonged 
meetings each month, with "dinners" attached. Consideration as to 
the care of the outside poor was a feature of the meetings which 
consumed much time. Supplies sent to paupers by the poor-master 
and medical attention given the same persons by the local physicians, 
were subjects of lengthy discussion. Investigation was ordered in 
both cases. The poor-master must satisfy himself that the hungry 
could not pay for food, before supplies could be furnished. A poor 
person, who had the added misfortune of sickness, could receive five 
dollars' worth of medical care, when treatment ceased, until the 
physician had reported the patient's condition to the same township 



official. The bills presented for supplies furnished the poor gave no 
evidence of high feeding; on the other hand, the doctor's fee was not 
always the measure of service actually rendered. The care of the 
poor was simply a manifestation of the thrifty rural spirit, which 
held a condition of poverty quite indefensible. Sociology was an 
unknown science at that time, and the township committee and 
William Taylor, poor-master for six successive years, undoubtedly 
lived up to the best light of the day. 

Road matters ran along smoothly until 1873, when, in the fall 
of the year, Herbert B. Turner, commissioner of district No. 2, 
startled the township committee by requesting that body to raise 
$2,700 in anticipation of taxes, to pay bills due by the district. Never 
had such a request been preferred to any township committee and 
this one was promptly refused. Mr. Turner, as promptly, resigned 
his oflrce. The position remained vacant for a while, because the 
committee declined to confirm the appointment of Jacob S. Wetmore 
as Mr. Turner's successor. Eventually, the office was filled by an- 

The panic of 1873 was making itself felt, work was scarce, and 
there was much unemployment. The inmates of the poorhouse in- 
creased in number to such an extent that the township fathers were 
forced to ask temporary assistance from the churches for the suste- 
nance of these public charges. Tramps appeared in swarms as a 
coincident of hard times. They arrived at such a variety of times 
that all could not be passed on to the next township. The problem 
was, what should be done with these unwelcome visitors. They were 
not fit subjects for the poorhouse; besides, that institution was already 
filled. Since the township had just concluded an arrangement with 
the Protection Society for the use of the lockup for township meet- 
ings, elections, justices' courts, and other purposes, the chairman of 
the township committee proposed to President McCulloh that his 
organization feed and house, over night, belated tramps. Mr. Mc- 
Culloh's reply was quite to the point: "the entertainment of tramps, 
except under great em.ergency, is not a function of the Society, but 
their departure from township limits is the concern of the organi- 
zation." What was impossible to the township, in speeding the 
departure of these unpleasant guests, was effectively accomplished by 
the Society. 

As elections came around, changes occurred in the character of 
the committee through the selection of local business men and the 
introduction of the "new" element. The first change of the kind 







brought Garret A. Eydecker, William Bennett and Jeiirey A. Hum- 
phrey on the committee of 1874, and placed William O. Terry on 
the board of appeal. I'en o'clock morning meetings of long dura- 
tion did not appeal to a New York business man, consequently Mr. 
Humphrey did not seek renomination. A reform movement marked 
this administration. At the instance of a church society, the com- 
mittee directed the special constable and the poor-master to ascertain 
the number of persons, of a certain class in the community, who were 
living together in violation of law. The poor-master was authorized 
to make complaint to the justice of the peace against the persons so 
found in the course of investigation. The justice at the time was 
"Squire" Miller, whose specialty was fatherly advice to the wrong- 
doer. This he undoubtedly gave m connection with the performance 
of a few wedding ceremonies, as nothing further appears on the 
township minutes. 

In the two years following, the point of view of the township 
guardians was broadened by the additions of Rufus A. Gorham, 
Southey S. Parramore and William Ely to their council, and Vincent 
Tillyou brought new life to the commission of appeal. The commit- 
tees of '75 and '76 were confronted with suits against the township. 
The first, made in the preliminary form of a claim, was advanced by 
L Smith Homans, for repayment of ,^1,868.15, advanced in 1871 
for the improvement of Engle street. The matter was referred to 
a sub-committee for investigation, which reported against the validity 
of the claim, and no suit was instituted. In the other instance, a 
summons was served on the township clerk in a suit against the town- 
ship in the sum of $4,000 for trespass, brought by J. B. Vanderbeek 
and I. Smith Homans. Raymond P. Wortendyke, special counsel, 
appeared for the defence, and obtained a decision of non-suit. In 
February, 1877, the township was divided for election purposes into 
two districts, east and west, with the railroad as the line of separa- 
tion. This arrangement was followed by the appointment of a judge 
of election and two inspectors, one from each of the two dominant 
parties, in each of the new districts. By act of the legislature, the 
date of the spring election was changed from April to March. As 
finally arranged, the judge of election of the eastern district was a 
republican, with one republican and one democratic inspector; in the 
western district the judge of election was a demorcat, with one of 
the two inspectors a republican. This was a fair indication of political 
sentiment at the time. 

On March 13, 1877, Mr. Bogert retired from service as chairman 



of the township committee and his phice was filled by the choice of 
Gilbert W. Chamberlain. Nothing of particular moment was accom- 
plished in this administration, though there was one very able member 
of the committee in the person of William J. Varley. A proclama- 
tion was issued against unmuzzled dogs, which appears to have been 
the first official notice of man's best friend, except as connected with 
the dog tax. The poor-master was rather too prominent in the dog 



crusade. It seemed to be his official duty to act as undertaker for 
both dogs and goats, when the constable scored a hit. The poor- 
master was not re-elected. The township committee this year, for 
the first time, borrowed money in anticipation of taxes. This was 
done to furnish $4,000 for road district No. 2. No financial crash 

A twelvemonth rolled round and March 12, 1878, and spring 
election day arrived at the same time. John D. Sherwood became 
chairman of the township committee; associated with him were 
William J. Varley, Alexander J. Sweet, Frederick L. Voorhees and 
Jacob G. Ackermann. Robert Magner, who became later a village 
institution, was town clerk. George R. Button filled his first elective 
office, that of justice of the peace. Captain William P. Coe, Col. 
Henry W. Banks and Moses E. Springer were commissioners of 



appeal. In spite of excellent elements in the administration, things 
did not always run smoothly. The chairman was a lawyer by pro- 
fession, a scholar and writer by natural inclination. Naturally pre- 
cise in the use of language, and somewhat a stickler for proper parlia- 
mentary form, he presented resolutions in more elaborate fashion than 
had prevailed hitherto. Mr. Sherwood often dissented from the 
views of his colleagues and they, in turn, held opinions not shared by 
their chairman. The principal problems of this administration were 
delinquent taxpayers and the collection of back taxes. Many of the 
offenders were those who had speculated heavily in real estate and 
were unable to meet the interest on mortgages, to say nothing of 
paying the taxes. There were complications attending the sale of 
property for taxes and in the issue of warrants against delinquents. 
All this gave occasion for differing views. When the time came for 
making appropriations for the coining year, the committee in charge 
recommended $1,200 for township purposes. The chairman advised 
a cut of one hundred dollars, which was rejected by a vote of four 
to one. The assessor's bill, which contained an item of $8.00 for 
stationery and postage, occasioned more discussion, but the assessor 
satisfied the committee that the charge was not for private corre- 
spondence, but for pressing communication with tardy taxpayers 
who lived out of town, and the bill was allowed. 

The previous year, the legislature, by amendment to a former 
act, reduced the township committee to three members. At the 
March election, '79, Messrs. ^^arley and Voorhees were re-elected, 
and William Ely was chosen as the third member of the township 
committee. The clerk, Robert Magner, and the collector, Jacob A. 
Bogert, were also re-elected, and the commissioners of appeal re- 
mained the same. George R. Button was appointed counsel. The 
election bills, beside the regular pay of election officers, included 
Mrs. Ackerman's bill for dinners and suppers for these same officers 
and for feeding one horse, ownership not specified, the amount total- 
ing $24.50. When the committee got around to the assessor's books, 
valuations were found to be much less than the preceding year. 
Eater, attention was called to the change in the election laws con- 
cerning the pay of election inspectors. The rates were $2 for each 
day (this included registry) and $1.50 and five cents per mile to the 
inspector who carried the ballot boxes to the county clerk at Hacken- 
sack. The election officials were paid according to schedule and Mrs. 
Ackerman received twenty dollars, but other bills were laid over for 
lack of funds. In bills for expenditures for the poor, coffins figured 



prominently, the other item being coal. The committee made the 
appropriations for the coming year, and then It was election time 
again, and on March 9, 1880, Daniel A. Currle, Addison Thomas 
and William Ely took up the reins of township government, with 
George R. Dutton as legal adviser. 

We shall leave further recital of the township committees and 
turn to other happenings during the decade. Among the arrivals of 
December, 1870, was the Rev. John William Payne, who entered 
upon the rectorate of St. Paul's church. The year 1871 saw the 

t^ ™r^^'^8^*' 


beginning of his activity in the enlargement of the church, by the 
addition of frame transepts, to provide accommodation for an In- 
creasing congregation. For ten years, the Rev. Mr. Payne's Interests 
were devoted not only to his church but to every forward movement 
in the community. 

Dr. D. A. Baldwin came to Engiewood from Rochester, N. Y., 
In 1871, and built his residence on the corner of Engiewood and 
Church streets. FTe was the second physician to take up residence In 
Engiewood. Lucius Rockefeller came also, this same year, and estab- 
lished a drug store in one of the stores of the Palisade House. Daniel 
B. Childs, a late arrival of the previous year, was occupying the stone 
cottage on the corner of Grand avenue and Chester place. Mr. Childs 



was a lawyer and was connected with the telephone company in its 

The new-coniers of 1S72 were Dr. D. A. Currie, Horace L. 
Congdon, \\. B. Convers, William Stanley, E. C. Dillingham. The 
next year brought, among others, Elbert A. Brinckerhoff, Charles B. 
Piatt and Gilbert E. Haight. George R. Dutton arrived in 1874. 
There was not a man in the whole list who did not aid, in some way, 
in the growth and improvement of Englewood. 

Among the buildings erected during the first ten years of l^ngle- 
wood township was the Palisade Mountain House, built as a summer 
hotel bv Andrew D. Bogert, for a syndicate comprising William B. 
Dana, William Walter Phelps, George S. Coe, Garret A. Eydecker, 
Cornelius Eydecker and Jacob S. Wetmore. The building stood on 
the bluff, south of the terminus of Palisade avenue, and was a land- 
mark for travelers on the river steamers. A broad piazza across 
the front and outlook piazzas on the noi-th and south ends of the 
building afforded views up and do^vn the river. The hotel was suc- 
cessfully conducted for a number of years, one of its most noted 
managers being "Dave" Hammond, of the Murray Hill Hotel, New 
"i'ork. The house at last shared the fate of many summer hotels of 
the period, of destruction by fire. In later years, the property passed 
into the hands of William O. Allison, who built an artistic stone 
mansion near the site of the hotel, which also burned at a later day. 

W^hile the Mountain House was in course of construction, the 
group interested in the hotel formed the Englewood Dock and Turn- 
pike Company, constructing a road down the Palisades and a wharf 
at the foot, which was the landing-place of a steamboat line during 
the life of the hotel. 

Under the priorate of Father A. J. Smits, a building was erected 
on the site of the old armory for the temperance society of St. 
Cecilia's church. This was used as a club and meeting room for 
the members of the society and as a hall for entertainments. W^illiam 
Walter Phelps lent i 1,5 00 on mortgage for the construction of the 
building. At the time of the Blaine-Cleveland campaign, political 
differences caused the foreclosure of the mortgage and the subsequent 
removal of the building to the Phelps property on Palisade avenue, 
where it formed part of the later armory. In 1873, the Protection 
Society built a lock-up on the west side of ^^an Brunt street, which 
served as a place of detention and later was the first police station of 
the city of Englewood and the seat of the recorder's court. 

In the early seventies, Englewood acquired a new railroad station, 

^ [116] 


a brick building, very fine for the day, now the freight station. The 
old station was moved, bodily, to the east side of West street and 
used as a tenement. In 1875, a group of worshippers of the True 
Dutch Reformed church, who had held meetings for several years 
in Englewood Hall, grew into the proportions of a congregation, with 
means sufficient for the erection of a church. The members were 
organized as a congregation of the Christian Reformed Dutch 
church. A lot was secured on the corner of Tenafly road and Dem- 



arest avenue and a stone church building, with graceful spire, was 
erected under the supervision of the consistory, Thomas W. Demarest 
and Richard Earle, elders, and Henry P. Demarest, deacon. The 
church was dedicated on May 23, 1875, and the first pastor, Rev. 
John C. Voorhis, was installed the following November. The last 
important building, also a religious structure, was the Vermilye 
Memorial chapel, which is part of the Presbyterian church. This 
was the gift of Mrs. Emily Vermilye Brinckerhoff, in memory of 
her parents, Washington Romeyn Vermilye and Elizabeth Lothrop, 
his wife. In this year, the chapel, which was the first Presbyterian 
place of worship, was taken down, each stone numbered, and re- 
erected inside the entrance of Brookside cemetery, to serve any neces- 
sary need as a chapel. 




EFORE proceeding Avith the story of Englewood township, 
a step backward must be permitted in order to make men- 
tion of the two newspapers which came into being during 
the township's first decade. The Englewood Times, which 
led the way, was a weekly publication, founded in 1874 by Eben Win- 
ton, of Hackensack. Mr. Winton was a veteran in the newspaper 
business, with over a quarter of a century's experience as publisher of 
the Bergen County Democrat, the oldest and most successful paper in 
the county. He had recently retired in favor of his son and partner, 
Henry D. W^inton, who had been trained in the business from boy- 
hood. A newspaper man cannot be long contented without a paper 
of his own. Mr. Winton supplied the need by establishing an office and 
plant in the building, known later as the Christopher building, on the 
corner of Palisade avenue anci Dean street, issuing the first newspaper 
in Englewood township in the early part of 1874. The paper was well 
received, the news published was local and largely personal, the 
patent outside furnisheci Sunday reading matter and the editor's 
non-partisanship made the Times acceptable to both political parties. 
In 1879, the Standard entered the field, announcing itself in Its first 
number as non-partisan in politics, with the growth and development 
of the township as Its paramount object. This second newspaper 
was the enterprise of two practical young printers, Joseph H. Tillot- 
son and Henry M. Lichtenberg, both ambitious and energetic and 
determined to succeed. Their publication office was located on the 
second floor of the De Mott building, on Palisade avenue. Mr. 
Tillotson was reporter, editor and business manager, while Mr. Lich- 
tenberg took charge of the printing office and the mechanical part 
of the paper. The Standard began necessarily on the plan of a coun- 
try newspaper, but speedily branched out of purely local limits, gath- 
ered and published news from neighboring localities, made constant 
effort to Improve the presentation of items, and was generous in 
giving space to entertainments of a social or charitable nature, all of 
which added to Its list of friends and to Its circulation. Mr. Tillotson 


realized that something more than reaelers was necessary to the 
financial success of the enterprise, and presently the advertising 
columns of the paper and activity in the printing office proved that 
business had been sought and found. Hard work and energy brought 
such a measure of success that, In 1884, Mr. Winton gladly disposed 
of his newspaper property to Tillotson and Lichtenberg, finding occu- 
pation for himself for the ensuing two years as assemblyman in the 
lower house of the legislature. The two papers were united and 
published under a hyphenated name until 1886, when the newspaper 
became the Englewood Times. As Mr. Tillotson is still in the news- 
paper field, we shall meet him more than once in the course of our 
narration of Englewooci events. 

The township election of 1880 was described in a local non-parti- 
san paper as "a democratic sweep." That was an impressive state- 
ment, but in point of fact there were no township issues at stake 
which demanded division along party lines. The "sweep" was only 
one of those changes that keep politics alive in dull seasons. The 
committee organized with Addison Thomas, chairman, Dr. Daniel 
A. Currie, treasurer, and William Ely, poorhouse trustee. Of the 
officials mentioned, two were democrats. Henry West, freeholder, 
was of the same political faith. The township counsel, however, 
George R. Dutton, was a republican, and his appointment was a recog- 
nition of his knowledge of law and scrupulous exactness in rendering 
legal opinions. 

It had become a part of the regular procedure that the first busi- 
ness of a new township committee should be the payment of the bill 
for the dinners and suppers of the election ofiicers. The legal fees 
were fixed by law, but the dinner feature was a custom handed down 
from years past, allowed as a sort of perquisite. Consequently Mrs. 
Ackerman's bill was duly honored. Another feature was part of the 
preliminaries before getting down to actual work. This was the 
usual warning that "animals, such as geese and ducks, must be kept 
off the public highways." This year goats were also placed on the 
index expurgatorius. The first real work was an ordinance, granting 
a reduction in the percentage added to unpaid taxes. 

The guiding spirit of this year's committee was Dr. Currie, and 
the subjects he considered of greatest concern were drainage and 
sewerage. As a physician. Dr. Currie could speak with authority 
on both topics. As a citizen and official, he held these matters essen- 
tial to the growth and prosperity of the township. Progressive 
measures were adopted, first, by the appointment of J. H. Serviss, 



civil engineer, to ascertain what could be done under the drainage and 
sewerage law. On receipt of Mr. Serviss' report, vigorous action was 
taken requiring property owners to remedy all drainage defects which 
lay within their power. The engineer's report was also printed for 
distribution. An ordinance was passed which required the sanitary 
construction of cesspools. A systematic plan of sewerage and drain- 
age was prepared and its adoption and submission to the voters, with 
the recommendation of a bond issue to meet the expense, were in- 


formally discussed. As far as the electorate was concerned, the plan 
would have been doomed to failure, had it been submitted. The 
public was not educated to the idea of a bond issue to pay for an 
improvement whose benefits all would share, but, as future events 
proved, required years of instruction before it took the first pro- 
gressive step. This very year at the annual school meeting of tax- 
payers, an appropriation of $2,000 was granted for the support of 
the public school. But when the question was brought up, Avhether 
additional accommodation should be secured by an addition to the 
present schoolhouse or through the erection of a new building, which 
must come sooner or later, there was divergence of opinion. The 
progressives were led by James L. Dawes, who protested against a 
penny wise policy. The conservatives, under the guidance of Daniel 



Drake Smith, took the ground that the people were already heavily 
taxed. That was the end of the new building plan for the time. 
So it was as well that the drainage proposition with the bonding 
attachment did not materialize. The committee closed its adminis- 
tration by ordering the treasurer's report prmted in full for dis- 

During 1880, there was a political line-up on state and national 
issues in the formation of partisan clubs. William B. Dana was the 
president of the Democratic Club, Dr. H. M. Banks and Addison 
Thomas were vice-presidents, ticnry A. Barling, Sr., was treasurer. 
Among the members of the executive committee were James W. Mc- 
CuUoh, Charles B. Piatt, Southy S. Parramore and Richard K. Cooke. 
The republican organization was headed by Daniel Drake Smith, 
assisted by five vice-presidents — Messrs. E. A. Brinckerhoff, J. Wy- 
man Jones, Henry W. Banks, J. D. Sherwood and William Walter 
Phelps. Gilbert E. Haight was keeper of funds. On the executive 
board were, among others, Donald Mackay, John E. Miller, William 
G. Vermilye and Henry J. De Mott. 

Among the events of the year the resignation of the Rev. John 
William Payne, rector of St. Paul's, was the occasion of deep regret 
to his parishioners, by whom he was sincerely beloved. Mr. Payne's 
departure was a loss to the community. His helpful interest had 
never been limited by parish bounds. The parish lost by death, in 
the early spring, Charles T. Chester, sometime senior warden, one 
of the most active of the organizers of the congregation. St. Cecilia's 
church, under the ministration of Fathers Smits and Feehan, had 
acquired a tract of lancl at Highwood, which had been tastefully 
laid out as Mount Carmel cemetery. This was solemnly consecrated 
by the Right Reverend Father Corrigan, bishop of Newark. 

Only one change was made in the make-up of the town committee 
of 1881. Addison Thomas was elected justice of the peace, in prefer- 
ence to the routine of township business. The new member was 
William Bennett, manager of the Phelps property, a man of experi- 
ence in drainage matters. In this direction Mr. Bennett, who was 
chairman, Avas of great assistance to Dr. Currie in the endeavor to 
drain "Dutchtown," a low-lying portion of the township. The project 
was opposed by certain owners of property, through whose lands it 
was advisable to run drains. A petition of protest was entered, 
together with a denial of the right of the township committee to take 
such action. Mr. Bennett, who Avas thoroughly familiar with the 
location and its needs, proved the right of the committee, In Its 




capacity as a board of health, to order drainage as a sanitary measure, 
and advised the petitioners to change the form of their petition. The 
measure was laid over to a future time. 

There was much work thrown upon this administration in straight- 
ening out the payment of back taxes to county and state, necessitated 
by errors in the official bookkeeping of a former administration, which 
greatly hampered the development of progressive plans. A praise- 
worthy business system was inaugurated of stamping with date and 
filing all accounts of the collector and treasurer. A change in the 
election of constables occurred in the beginning of the administration. 
The army was reduced to a corporal's guard of three, elected respec- 
tively for three years, two years, and one year. The holder of the 
maximum term was designated special constable. To him was assigned 
the duty of practicing marksmanship on trespassing goats. 

There were many happenmgs wholh' unrelated to politics to 
record for the township year. The first to be mentioned is the re- 
organization and revival of the Village Improvement Societv on April 
16, 1881. Col. Henry W. Banks was placed at the head of the 
organization, and a more capable executive could not have been 
chosen. Associated in the work of the Society was a group of the 
most influential men and women of the township, new-comers, old- 
comers and original residents. The plan of work was based upon 
intelligent co-operation with the township authorities, in matters 
coming within the scope of the society. Dr. Currie chose, as his 
specialty, the keeping the highways free from cowsand goats. 

In the matter of sports, Englewood took an initial step. The 
Lawn Tennis and Archery Club was formed, with grounds on Ly- 
ciecker street. Among the organizers were John H. Crane, Clinton 
H. Blake and Oliver Drake Smith. Records do not reveal the cap- 
taincy of the lawn tennis players, but it is related that Oliver Drake 
Smith was the Robin Flood of the other branch of sport and that he 
instructed the ladies in archery. A sport of a more robust nature 
had its beginning in September, '81, when Dean street, in the neigh- 
borhood of Jacob Taylor's stable, was treated to the spectacle of 
the meet of an English hunt, with all the features of high-bred horses, 
hounds and a real fox sent on ahead on the course. Dr. Banks was 
the master of the hunt and H. D. Munn was master of the hounds. 
Among those Avho rode were Mr. and Mrs. William Gulliver, \Irs. 
Thacher, Miss Virginia Banks, Dr. G. W. Carman, Fred Hammond 
of the Mountain House, Col. Jameson of the Protection Society and 
a delegation from the Essex County Hunt, whose red coats gave the 



correct touch of color to the cavalcade. The run, after devious turns, 
ended near Schraalenburgh South church and master fox ended at 
the same time. The Englewood Hunt was organized during the next 
year, with Dr. Banks as master, and flourished for a season or two 
until the objections of farmers to the invasion of their lands and the 
protests of the neighborhood where the hounds were vocal during 
their rest periods, brought the sport to an end. 

Educational facilities «'ere enlarged during the period under con- 
sideration by the opening of the English and Classical School for 
Bo}s, with \V. E. Plumlev, Princeton A.B., as head-master. In the 
same month of September, '81, Thaddeus R. White, assistant to Dr. 
Kursteiner, succeeded to the principalship of the well-known Kur- 
stemer School. Alusical art received an impulse in the formation of 
the Choral Club, composed oi music-loving members of the community 
and the resiciue of the singing society organized by Dr. Kursteiner. 
An addition was made to the clergy of Englewood, Rev. James H. 
\"an Buren succeeding Mr. Payne as rector of St. Paul's. The 
churches of Englewood joined, September 24th, in a memorial service 
to President Garfield, the second President to fall a victim to a 
murderous attack. Early in the spring, William Walter Phelps, 
then recuperating abroad, had been appointed Minister to Austria by 
President Garfield. On the death of the President, Mr. Phelps ten- 
dered his resignation to President Arthur, but continued in office for 
a year, until relieved. 

In March, 1882, Dr. J. Wadsworth Terry, a resident of several 
years' standing, became chairman of the township committee. H. A. 
Barling, jr., was chosen as treasurer and Cornelius Lydecker looked 
after the interests of the poorhouse. "Chief Justice" Joseph B. 
Miller was again elected justice of the peace. The actual count of 
the terms Mr. Miller had served could not be stated off-hand, but 
the fact remained that he was now the oldest justice in the county, his 
official career dating back to Hackensack township days. The minutes 
of this administration record merely routine matters and efforts 
toward the adjustment of back taxes. 

This was an off year in the township. The one exciting event 
was the total destruction by fire of Col. Henry W. Banks' house on 
Palisade avenue. There was absolutely no means of fighting fire, 
outside the efforts of a "bucket brigade," which would have been 
utterly futile. The fire broke out in the night and immediately gained 
such headway that there was barely time for the members of the 
family to escape with their lives. Neighbors afforded friendly shelter 



and emergency clothing, for nothing was saved from the flames. The 
house was replaced by a stone building, which still graces Palisade 
avenue, Mrs. W. L. Pierce being the present owner. 

An early-closing movement was started toward the end of the 
township year, which elicited the following commendation from a 
local paper: "Our merchants in the various lines of business, outside 
druggists and ice cream dealers, deserve great praise for closing every 
evening, except Saturday, at eight o'clock, out of consideration for the 
comfort of their clerks." A revival of the blue laws of pre-revolu- 
tionary days Avas particularly severe on the two callings excepted in 
the early-closing movement, as it banned the early delivery of Sunday 
ice cream and Sunday newspapers, and allowed the opening of drug 
stores only at specified hours on Sunday, for the filling of prescrip- 
tions or the sale of remedies urgently required by the sick. The 
revival was of short ciuration. 

What was hoped to be the final word on the goose question was 
embodied in a bill introduced in the assembly, February 3, 1883, by 
Assemblyman R. P. Wortendyke, at the instance, it was said, of ex- 
Senator Cornelius Lydecker. The measure was entitled "An Act to 
Prevent Geese from Running at Large." The purport of the act 
permitted the impounding of geese found upon the highways of any 
township in the state by any person who should apprehend the tres- 
passers. For his trouble the captor was entitled to five cents a head 
from the owner o^ "'=. If unclaimed at the end of ten days 

after capture, the '''^ht be offered for sale, provided 

announcement had been made uy ^^^^l-^lj, ^^.lapicuously displayed in 
the township involved. Proceeds of the sale were to be divided be- 
tween the captor or captors and the poor-master of the township. 
There is no mention on record of the operation of this act, but it 
has been stated that the same has never been repealed. 

The principal feature of administration of the township com- 
mittee of 1883 was the introduction of telephone service in Engle- 
wood. William A. Childs, a resident of town, inventor of the modern 
switchboard, who had been connected with the expansion of the use 
of the telephone from the time it was established as a workable inven- 
tion, was the prime factor in its introduction. The New York and 
New Jersey Telephone Company agreed to open an exchange in 
Englewood provided fifty subscribers were secured at $50 each per 
year. Mr. Childs exceeded the prescribed number by ten. Then 
began the task of securing consent of property owners for the erection, 
of poles and stringing of wires thereon. There were so many objec- 



tions to the use of the streets, so many protests offered at township 
meetings, that the committee, comprising WiUiam C. Davies, Henry 
A. BarHng, Jr., and Patrick H. Morris, refused at first to designate 
streets where poles might be erected. The local press had not reached 
the position of leading public opinion, but discreetly trailed along, 
watching the way of the wind. Difficulties were finally surmounted, 
the exchange was opened in the Christopher building at the northwest 



corner of Palisade avenue and Dean street, and the telephone had 
come to stay. 

Dwight Chapel, the gift of a generous member of the congrega- 
tion of the Presbyterian church, whose name was unmentioned by 
his special request, was opened with appropriate exercises on January 
18, 1883. The building, erected on the corner of Palisade avenue 
and William street by Henry Jones, was to be used for educational, 
philanthropic and religious purposes. The chapel, named in memory 
of the first pastor of the Presbyterian church, was conveyed to the 
trustees for use under the direction of the Session. The first use 
was a series of free lectures given by several residents of Englewood, 
which met a variety of tastes. The chapel continued in use for several 
years in accordance with the original purpose, and was used on Sun- 
days for the Sabbath School of Calvary Mission for the colored 



population, and also tor a weekly prayer meeting. Later, the building 
was moved to Palisade and Lafayette avenues and used as a Union 
Chapel. It is now, enlarged and beautified, the West Side Presby- 
terian chm-ch. 

After due notification, a law for election of the township com- 
mittee for terms of three years, two years and one year, went into 
efi:ect in the election of March 1 1, 1884. Henry R. Bailey was high 
man, Patrick H. Morris next in line. Isaac J. Zabriskie was low man. 
Mr. Bailey was chairman. More and more one gets the impression 
that the yearly changes in the township strongly resembled moving 
the patches in a quilt from one place to another. The poundkeeper 
of one administration was quite likely to fit in as assessor in the 
succeeding year. The office never experienced any fatigue in seeking 
the man. There were no features of note in this administration, 
simply routine meetings at which the business might have been trans- 
acted in half the time. The drainage apportionment for the year 
was $8,000. A deed of township propert}', bought in by the com- 
mittee for the taxes of '79, was executed to Gardner S. Hutchinson 
on payment of purchase price and all taxes due. The property in 
question was on Tenafly road at Slocum avenue, the building being a 
charming old Dutch farmhouse facing south, with the original doors 
opening in half, and a lean-to built, like the main structure, of brown 
field-stone. After this had been accomplished, the committee got 
around to finding out where street sign-posts would be of most use 
to travellers. 

The news which came of the death in Rome, on February 20, 
1884, of the Rev. John William Payne, spurred the Ladles' Guild to 
undertake the placing in St. Paul's of a memorial to a rector so 
universally loved. The work of the Guild, paid for with funds raised 
in the last year. Included a thorough renovation of the church itself, 
the removal of the organ and choir stalls to the north transept, new 
carpets and new coverings for the cushions In the pews, leading up 
to the memorial window, which filled the space back of the altar. 
The church was reopened and the window unveiled on Easter morn- 
ing, April 26, 1884. 

On October 9th of this year, the Exchange for Women's Work 
was organized at a meeting held at the residence of Mrs. Sheppard 
Homans. The officers elected were Mrs. Samuel A. Duncan, presi- 
dent; Mrs. Robert J. Hunter, vice-president; Mrs. Sheppard Homans, 
treasurer; Mrs. George D. Hall, secretary. On the board were 
Mesdames Campbell Mortimer, Chester C. Munroe, William E. 



Tillinghast, William L. Whittemore, and Misses H. L. Sawtelle and 
A. W. Sterling. The Exchange was opened on November 1st in 
what was known as the Athensum, Jr., a small Gothic frame building 
of quaint history. The opening of the Exchange was the result of 
the arduous work of Miss Henrietta Lowell Sawtelle, who started 
the project of affording gentlewomen an opportunity of disposing of 
the work of their hands under favorable conditions. The plan, 
started in 1883 as a branch of the New York Exchange for Women's 



Work, culminated in the acquirement of the building whose story will 
bring this chapter to an end. Just before the Civil War, Adriance 
Van Brunt and Moses E. Springer built this one-story office building. 
Its original location was on Palisade avenue, on the site of the present 
Lane building. The second user was John Van Brunt, who ran a real 
estate office and a branch of the Hackensack bank. Then it was a 
coal office under Robert Allan. Next the building was moved around 
the corner to the site on Dean street, where the Christopher brick 
building afterward stood. It was then used as the meeting place and 
office of the road board. The next trip placed the diminutive building 
beside the Athensum, when that ungainly structure was the biggest 
thing on the avenue. Then it fell into the hands of the Women's 
Exchange, and shortly afterward was moved to the south side of 



Palisade avenue, where it served as the salesroom for cakes, jellies, 
embroideries ami other products. When the Exchange erected its 
own building on Engle street, the salesroom, bereft of its artistic 
surroundings, became a prosaic office where consumers paid their gas 
bills. When again left to its own devices, the Gothic structure grew 
restless anci was soon on the way down Palisade avenue and round 
the corner on Dean street, to be used as an upholstery shop. It 
wandered once more up the street to near Demarest avenue where, 
from latest advices, it is spending its last years as the Hansforti shop 
for auto tops. 




HE new arrangement in the election of the township com- 
mittee had its first demonstration in 1885, when Issac J. 
Zabriskie, the one-year man of the preceding year, was re- 
turned for a term of three years, but took his old place as 
middle man in the township triumvirate, his associates continuing in 
their respective positions as chairman and poorhouse trustee. George 
R. Button entered upon his second term as freeholder and Raymond 
P. Wortendyke was again legal adviser of the committee. The year's 
record, in its main features, resembled the proceedings of the previous 
twelve-month, save that the committee evinced some interest in side- 
walks. Matters pursued their tranquil course until one September day, 
when goats enlivened things by a mass foray on the young trees set 
out along Engle street by the Improvement Society. Messrs. Wetmore 
and Turner appeared before the township committee, entered com- 
plaint, and asked compensation for the damage done. On legal ad- 
vice, the request was refused; the reason given was that the township 
committee was not the custodian of the Englewood goats and had no 
responsibility in the matter. Citizens themselves had the right to 
impound or to kill offending goats on sight, and the committee pos- 
sessed no higher power. So there the matter rested. There was no 
allusion to what was supposed to be a part, if not the whole, of the 
special constable's job; but the authorities did get as far as considering 
a proposition to do away with this particular office, though the next 
spring election came around before a conclusion was reached. 

Dr. D. A. Currle was made commissioner of road district No. 2 
this year and entered upon his work with commendable vigor. It 
must be said for the road commissioners of the east side of town 
that they had troubles not known to the commissioners on the west 
side. A heavy rainstorm sending a torrent of water down the Pali- 
sades hills would undo the work of many days. 

There was activity in the community at large, other than that 
shown by the authorities and the weather. In January, 1885, the 
Rev. Charles W. Ward, of Winter Park, Florida, was called to the 


rectorship of St. Paul's church as the successor of the Rev. James H. 
Van Buren, who had resigned his charge, late in the previous year, to 
take up the work of St. Paul's, Newburyport, Mass. The new 
rector, who entered upon his duties in the early spring, was the son 
of Commander Ward, U. S. N., killed in 1861 while in service on 
the James river, Virginia. A notable real estate sale of the year was 
that of the Lyell property on Lydecker street. The purchaser was 
John W. Pitkin, who, with Mrs. Pitkin, had been staying at the Engle- 



wood House for some months, looking over the land. Coincident with 
the Pitkin arrival was that of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew J- Ditman, both 
families coming from Brooklyn, where they were friends and neigh- 
bors. When Mr. Pitkin bought the Lyell tract, he promptly sold 
half the property to Mr. Ditman. The Pitkins took up residence in 
the Lyell house, while the Ditmans lived in the early Deuel house, 
which was on their part of the land, until their own house was built! 
Brooklyn again made a generous gift to Englewood interests by the 
addition of these lifelong residents. 

The armory was built this year on Palisade avenue west. The 
nucleus of the building was the structure, already mentioned, which 
had been moved from Van Brunt street to the Phelps property on 
Palisade avenue. Hie building was enlarged for the occupancy of 



the local militia company organized after the Civil War by Captain 
William P. Coe. Upon the retirement of Captain Coe, in 1882, 
Addison Thomas was elected to the captaincy. Captain Thomas was 
the son of General Thomas, U. S. A., sometime in command at West 
Point, where his son was born. To Inherited military tradition, 
Captain Thomas added training both at home and abroad. The 
first lieutenant of the company at this time was Charles Barr, Jr., 
and Louis Ruch was second lieutenant. Aside from its regular use, 
the armory, enlarged later, was very much in demanci for fairs, enter- 
tainments and social functions. An organization of the day, very 
much before the public, was the Pioneer Baseball Club. The nine 
was composed of stalwart youths, well trained, clean players who 
won laurels in pre-fleld club days, not only at home but outside as 
well, for they were adventurers as befitted their name. The lot on 
the corner of John street and Tenafly road was the scene of many a 
hard-fought game between the Pioneers and the Englewoods, cap- 
tained by Louis S. Coe. There was no grandstand for spectators, 
but the fence supplied limited seating accommodation and wagons 
and carriages along John street afforded reserved seats. The Illustra- 
tion on the next page will recall pleasant memories of "when we were 

There are some of our residents who will remember that the 
Veterans' Association of soldiers of the Civil War was organized 
this year. There were thirty-five of "the boys in blue" who were 
then associated under the presidency of General Samuel A. Duncan, 
with N. Z. Boyd, vice-president; Samuel M. Riker, secretary, and 
W^illiam C. Davies, treasurer, as assisting officers. 

Though the last in point of narration, but of actual occurrence in 
June, the trip around the world of the yacht "Brmihildc," commanded 
by John Jay Phelps, aroused much local interest. Captain Phelps 
was the elder son of William Walter Phelps and had been recently 
graduated from Yale L^niverslty. As duly qualified master of a ves- 
sel. Captain Phelps sailed forth "strange countries for to see," with 
several of his college mates as travelling companions. We shall 
note here that the voyage met with no misadventure under the com- 
mand of the young captain. 

When the township election of 1886 came around, the voters 
elected James Harris as committeeman for three years. Mr. Harris 
had resided In town since 1869, therefore was not open to the charge 
of "newness." He was a house-painter by trade, and there was no 
complaint of either the quality of his work or of his dealings with his 

[ 133 ] 


customers. He brought to the township business the same kind of 
work and deahng. When the committee was organized, Mr. Harris 
was naturally phiced at the head as chairman. Mr. Zabriskie, 
now accorded a salary of $20, remained as guardian of township 
funds and Mr. Bailey went to the end of the line to look after the 
interests of the poorhouse. There was a sort of "new broom" at- 
mosphere about the administration; for the town clerk, the assessor, 
the poor-master, and the commissioners of appeal were all new. 



Charles C. Townsend, an acti\ e member of the Protection Society, 
had been re-elected constable for three years. Mr. Wortendyke was 
in his old place as counsel to the committee. At the first meetino- in 
May, after organization, a communication was received from Donald 
Mackay, president of the Protection Society, urging unity of action 
of the special township police officer with the officers of the Society 
for the better protection of the citizens. There was no question of 
agreement with this urgent request, and the necessary directions were 
given to Constable Townsend. 

for many years the township had been so free from the visits of 



persons of criminal intent tliat tiie summons to turn out, brought to 
the Protection Society on the night of May 5, 1886, roused the 
community with a decided shock. The call was brought by a young 
man, who dashed from Teaneck on horseback to Dr. Banks' house 
and told the doctor, "George has been shot by a burglar and badly 
hurt, and I guess I've killed the man who did it." Dr. Banks grasped 
his instrument kit, made his way to the barn, saddled and mounted 
his horse anci was under way within a few minutes, leaving Louis Coe 
to rouse Marshal Jameson and the authorities. The two brothers, 
George and Louis Coe, sons of Captain William P. Coe, of Teaneck, 
about an hour before were returning home from a visit at a neigh- 
bor's house on Teaneck Ridge. While passing the Teaneck school- 
house, which stood on a lonely part of the road near a clump of 
woods, they had noticed a gleam of light at one of the windows of 
the school. They stopped to investigate the cause, discovered that the 
door of the school was unfastened, and entered, thinking some tramp 
had taken refuge from the storm which was impending. The in- 
truder pro^-ed to be a man heavily armed, who answered a question 
as to his presence in the building with two revolver shots. The young 
men retreated, and enlisting the aid of a neighbor passing by, they 
proceeded to invest the possible exits from the building with the view 
of arresting the intruder. From the \'iewpoint of personal courage 
the attempt was praiseworthy. In the intrepidity of youth they took 
no account of the odds against them. When the man attempted to 
escape by jumping from a window, George Coe seized him, and 
before his brother could render effective assistance, the former re- 
ceived a severe wound through the body and fell. The junior Coe 
continued the fight, wrested the revolver from his opponent's hand, 
and then struck him to the ground. Using the pistol butt as a weapon, 
Louis Coe beat the man over the head until he became apparently 
senseless. Running to the nearest house, Louis sent assistance to his 
brother, and obtaining a horse, dashed to Englewood for Dr. Banks. 
When Marshal Jameson and his contingent arrived upon the 
scene there was no dead burglar to be found and no trace of a living 
offender. The members of the Protection Society beat the woods in 
every direction and sought along the railroad track without result. 
The next day the Society offered a reward of $1,000 for the arrest 
of the burglar, to which sum William Walter Phelps added another 
thousand. Three days later, during a hard shower, the policeman 
on duty at Hoboken ferry noticed a man, hiding a roughly bandaged 
head beneath a battered umbrella, making his way to the ferry-boat 



about leaving for New York. On impulse the officer arrested this 
suspicious looking individual, who proved to be the man wanted. He 
gave his name as John Hug, and was identified by the younger Coe. 
At his trial it was shown that Hug had a long criminal record. The 
sentence imposed kept him from further mischief for the next fif- 
teen years. Before he was conveyed to the state prison at Trenton, 
Hug told the warden of Hackensack jail that while the posse was 
searching the woods, he lay hidden in a thicket, so near his pursuers 
that he could hear their voices and what they said. As we know, to 
our great satisfaction, Mr. Coe recovered from his wound and has 
taken a prominent part in the building up of the public school system 
of our city. 

There was some dissatisfaction expressed at the method of calling 
out the members of the Protection Society at the time of the Coe 
affair and new arrangements were made for summoning members 
for fire or other emergency. There was also dissatisfaction with the 
Northern Railroad, and comments on the policy pursued by the Erie 
in its management of this branch road were not made in flowery 
terms. A double track, a 6 P. M. train, the occasional removal of coal 
dust and ashes from the seats of passenger cars, and some consider- 
ation of the travelling public in train schedules, were items in the bill 
of complaints. Railroad direction seemed to produce deafening of 
the ears as well as hardening of the corporate heart. 

The township committee was having trouble with drainage prob- 
lems. The brook running through the village figured largely in the 
discussions of the committee. The stream might sing a quiet tune 
■'in the leafy month of June," but, when the winter broke up, it 
roared a melody which carried away piling and stonework built up 
every year. 

William Blaikie began propaganda for a bridge across the Hudson 
as a corrective to the evils of the railroad and as a means of over- 
coming stagnation in real estate. Nobody had anything to suggest 
about the brook, though some old-timers asked regularly, at township 
meetings, what was going to be done about it. 

Something was done about water, even if it did not concern the 
brook. During the summer, the Elackensack Water Company com- 
pleted the laying ot the large mains in Englewood and supplied the 
township with an abundance of pure water, drawn from the upper 
sources of the Hackensack and filtered at the reservoir and pumping 
station at New Milford. A committee of citizens, appointed at a 
taxpayers' meeting, presented a petition to the township committee 



that the authorities rent forty fire hydrants from the Water Company 
and have the same phaced in proper locations. The petition was 
granted and a contract was made with the company for three years 
for the number specified in the petition at $15 each per year. The 
committee also appointed Dr. H. M. Banks as township physician 
for the remainder of the year. 

The Englewood School for Boys, now conducted by W. Wilber- 
force Smith, had increased largely in attendance and, in this year of 
which we are writing, among the pupils were those who, as men, at- 
tained distinction in law, medicine, finance, literature, business, official 
position, as well as in other walks of life; all Englewood boys and 
later Englewood men. 

The beginning of 1887 brought indications of better times. There 
was payment of back taxes and release of property sold to the town- 
ship to secure unpaid taxes. The progressive element was encouraged 
sufficiently to bring about a citizens' meeting, on February 14th, to 
nominate a non-partisan ticket for the spring election. Though the 
Valentine presented was artistic in design and harmonious in com- 
position, the regular organizations would have none of it. Party 
primaries were held as usual and the nominations were made as usual 
on party lines. So when election results were declared, the township 
committee was composed of Jacob S. Wetmore, James Harris and 
Isaac J. Zabriskie, two republicans and one democrat. What par- 
ticular difference that made is not apparent, for all three were good 
men. Among the newly elected justices of the peace was Charles F. 
Park, who speedily won the sobriquet of "the little judge." The 
title was really a matter of appreciation rather than of reference to 
stature. Justice Park dispensed the law fairly; he showed charity 
toward first offenders but the old hands enriched the township treas- 
ury and paid their fines without demur. Another justice was Henry 
J. DeMott, a native Bergen County man, who harked back to the 
immigrant, Matthias DeMott; and another still, a clean-cut business 
man, was J. Monroe Mattlson. The township administration was 
in hands capable of managing things to the best advantage, so we 
shall turn to the other events of the year. 

Eighteen eighty-seven might well be called "organization year," 
from the various companies and associations which had their be- 
ginning during that period. The first organization formed was 
Dwight Post, G. A. R., which was formally chartered on March 23d, 
at Templars' Hall, by Department Commander Wheeler. There were 
twenty-five members on the charter roll, the majority original Engle- 



wood men. The first post commander was William C. Davies, the 
vice-commanders being Charles Barr, Jr., and Rudolph H. Smith. 
I he post held Its first parade on Decoration Day of this year, with 
a ritual service at Brookside cemetery. On the march, the veterans 
were escorted by Company B and a detail from Company A, from 
Eeonia. Gen. Samuel A. Duncan was the orator of the day and Col. 



[ohn D. Sherwood read an original memorial ode, dedicated to the 

The Englewood Mutual Loan and Building Association was 
organized on May 7th under the laws of the state. The object of 
the association was both businesslike and practical, to invest intelli- 
gently the savings of stockholders and to loan money under a well- 
thought-out plan for the building of houses by the members, of which 
they became ultimately the full owners. The first president was 
Samuel M. Riker; the second, elected ai'ter the death of Mr. Riker 
in 1889, is George H. Payson, now completing his twenty-third year 
of continuous service. Another officer to be gratefully remembered is 
Moses E. Springer, who, at his death in 1915, had served twenty- 
eight years as secretary. The affairs of the organization have been 
so^ prudently managed that its career has been steadily progressive, 
until It now occupies its own building on the north side of Park place. 



The introduction of a public water supply in the township was 
followed, this year, by the incorporation of the Englewood Sewerage 
Association, with a capital of $23,000, held by one hundred sub- 
scribers. The sewer system was constructed on approved scientific 
principles and was extended as demand arose. Aside from the sani- 
tary benefit, the building of the sewer gave work to contractors and 
men. The first officers of the company were Jacob S. Wetmore, presi- 
dent; Herbert B. Turner, vice-president; Oliver Drake Smith, secre- 
tary. Samuel F. Gold was made superintendent. 

A building was begun in April, at Nordhoff, when the corner 
stone of St. John's chapel was laid. The lot on which the chapel was 
built was the gift of William Walter Phelps, through Mrs. Phelps, 
who contributed to the building fund on her own account. The con- 
gregation, which was to find here its church home, was the outgrowth 
of a Sunday school and afternoon service, started, in 1880, as a mis- 
sion of St. Paul's church by William A. Burdett. Mr. Burdett came 
to Englewood in 1875 and was a devoted church worker under the 
rectorate of the Rev. John William Payne. As lay reader, he devoted 
himself to St. John's mission for twenty-five years. 

The gospel of outdoor exercise received vigorous impulse, in the 
late spring of 1887, by the organization of the Englewood Field 
Club. A number of citizens interested in baseball, tennis, bicycling 
and other sports of the day, secured a site on Engle street, the pres- 
ent location, on favorable rental terms, with an option of purchase. 
David L. Barrett, an intelligent and enterprising contractor, was 
entrusted with the work of grading the ground, laying out tennis 
courts, a baseball diamond, and a track for wheelmen. A small but 
conveniently arranged club house was erected and the grounds were 
opened, Informally, in July, with a try-out baseball game. The formal 
opening took place. In August, with a tennis tournament. Meanwhile, 
Mr. Barrett had laid out a roadway on the westerly side, with an 
entrance and exit at either end. The grounds were enclosed with a 
tall fence of wire netting. At the north end of the tract, a stand 
for spectators was erected. On that August day, the blue and white 
pennant, gift of the women members, flying from the Hag pole, 
announced that the Field Club had taken its place as an Englewood 
institution. The first officers were Dwight Arven Jones, president; 
D. Webster Evans, vice-president; John E. Curran, secretary and 
treasurer. The club established itself at once as an object of popular 
esteem. Famous ball games Avere played in the days of the Amateur 
Eeague. When the game was played on the home grounds, the road- 



way was occupied with carriages filled with men and women devotees 
of the sport; the stand, which was grand by courtesy, hadn't a vacant 
seat; and outside the fence on the Engle street side, vehicles, drawn 
close to the curb, contained non-members of the club. From this 
direction came the greatest applause for the nine, and also the tren- 
chant criticism of "Ame" Ruch, when errors occurred. When the 
nine went to Hackensack, to meet the Oritanis, or to Staten Island, 


to try conclusions with the Athletics, a gallery from Englewood always 
attended. The illustrations will revive many memories of players of 
local fame, Cuming, catcher, Huyler Westervelt, pitcher, Prosser, first 
baseman with the long reach, "Kinney" Mowry, who acquired a 
great deal of Field Club soil in the course of a game, and "Lance" 
Miller, manager, of grave demeanor, but keen on the sport, and 
"Jerry" JMurphy, club house janitor and general factotum, loving 
the young folks and proud to sit in the same picture with the girls 
and boys. Of the games of later time, the greatest praise to be 
accorded is that they were worthy reminders of the good old days. 
From Field Club we pass to firemen, who were certainly sports- 



men in their line. A preliminary meeting to organize a hose company 
was called on October 10th, 1887, by a number of citizens, among 
them Donald Mackay, Dr. H. M. Banks, John E. Miller, Joseph 
H. Tillotson, Jacob Taylor and George R. Dutton. An application 
was drawn up, asking the township committee to call a special meeting 
to vote an appropriation of not over $2,000, to establish and equip 
a hose company. The meeting was held and the proposition carried 
at the November election. 7"he company organization was completed 


and an application for incorporation was filed on November 1st. 1 en 
days later, the township committee met a committee from the hose 
company and granted the firemen permission to spend $1,000 of the 
appropriation for hose, provided the sum were advanced by some 
citizen, in anticipation of taxes. Mr. Brinckerhoff advanced the 
money and the township committee ordered the hose, to be delivered 
within a few days. But in the early morning of November 22d, a 
township night watchman discovered fire in a room over Magner's 
confectionery store, in the Athenaeum. There were hydrants and water 
but no hose. All that those who flocked to the scene did, was to 
remove what they could from Springer's hardware store and Mrs. 
Chamberlain's drygoods establishment. The mails were saved from 
the post office in the southeast corner of the building, but the records 
were lost. Adjacent buildings were saved by a bucket brigade, which 



poured water on their roofs. Donald Mackay, as a former Brooklyn 
volunteer fireman, directed the efforts of the workers. The boys of 
Smith's school had a holiday when assembly time came around, for 
nothing was left of the building where the school was located, except 
the outside walls. So far as the building itself was concerned, it was 
never a thing of beauty or a paying investment. The losers were the 
school, the occupants of the stores and the post oifice department. 
The one who took the loss by fire most philosophically was Mrs. 


Anna E. Chamberlain, the greater part of whose stock of drygoods 
and notions either went up in smoke or was badly damaged by water. 
But Mrs. Chamberlain was a business woman whose career began 
when her husband Gilbert W. Chamberlain was station agent, pro- 
prietor of a news stand, with a stock of candy as an attachment, 
and a local express wagon. He was also postmaster, with Mrs. 
Chamberlain as deputy of the combined ticket and post office. That 
was Mr. Chamberlain's ostensible occupation. But, except in not 
driving the express wagon, Mrs. Chamberlain was dea ex machina. 
From the station, Mrs. Chamberlain migrated to a small shop on 
east Palisade avenue, whose principal feature was the agency of the 
Atlantic and Pacific Telegraph company; then further east to a 
larger drygoods shop, thence to the Athensum, where the fire ter- 



minated the lease, llie Chamberlain business enacted the phoenix 
role, it rose in the Chamberlain building, on Palisade avenue, a fine 
brick store with living apartments overhead. The store was for years 
the shopping centre of Englewood and the office of the Western 
L'nion Telegraph company. Mrs. Chamberlain's business sense and 
genial manner set an example of how to succeed, to her associates 
along the avenue. 

After the Athena-um fire, village talk ran in the direction of 



mcorporating the township; it was not very vigorous conversation, 
but an idea had been implanted. Then a few discussed Col. Sher- 
wood's project of a State Palisades Park at Englewood. The parish- 
ioners of St. Paul's anticipated the coming of the new rector, Rev. 
George F. Flichtner, who was expected to hold the Christmas service. 
The society event of the season was the marriage of Miss Mai Hum- 
phrey, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Humphrey, to James H. Coe. 
Miss Humphrey was the first child born in the new resident colony 
after Englewood received its name. That fact and her own personal 
charm, joined to the Coe popularity, filled the church to overflowing 
on the occasion of the wedding. 

This year saw the passing of three men who had been prominent 
m the earlv days of Englewood: Daniel Drake Smith, February 8th- 



Cullen Sawtelle, November 10th; and Robert J. Hunter, December 
12th, 1887. On November 21st of the following year, Vincent Tilyou, 
another valued citizen, passed on. 

January, 1888, opened with the failure of the Governor to com- 
mend, in his message to the legislature. Colonel Sherwood's project 
of a State Park on the Palisades at Englewood. On March 8th, a 
meeting was planned at Dwight Chapel to discuss the question of 
building a small hospital in Englewood. As, for some reason, the 


janitor failed to have the chapel open for the meeting, adjournment 
was taken to the Collegiate School for Girls on the southeast corner 
of Palisade and Grand avenues. The meeting was presided over by 
Wilham Blaikie. After discussion, Dr. Currie moved the appoint- 
ment of a committee of twelve, six men and six women, to take counsel 
together and formulate plans of organization to be presented at a 
meeting on a later date. 

The clerk of the weather interfered with a good many plans, 
when the blizzard of March 12th, 1888, blocked the roads, disar- 
ranged railroad trains and telephone and telegraph communication 
generally. Consequently, the township election went over from March 
13th to April 10th, when Henry D. Brinkerhoff was elected commit- 
teeman for three years. The township fathers had sufficient work 
cut out for them, in consequence of the blizzard, to take up consider- 
able time. 

On March 20th, a second hospital meeting was held, at the resi- 



dence of Mrs. Sheppard Homans. Articles of incorporation were 
presented by Stephen G. Clarke, of Tenafiy, which called for a board 
of twenty-five governors. These were named later in the evening 
and showed that to the women the odd governor had been given. 
Among the women who were actively interested were Mrs. Sheppard 
Homans, Mrs. Campbell Mortimer, Miss Henrietta Sawtelle, Mrs. 
J. A. Wells, Miss Laura Drake Smith and Miss A. W. Sterling. 
Among the men were Stephen G. Clarke, Julius Freudenthal, William 



Stanley, Cornelius Christie, Charles F. Park and Charles B. Piatt. 
The next step was to secure a building fund and a site for the building. 
Dr. Banks attended to. the latter matter. While other members of 
the committee were encountering refusals, because the hospital did 
not commend itself as a desirable neighbor. Dr. Banks secured a 
tract running from the west side of Engle street to the railroad, 
opposite the Field Club. Time was devoted to raising funds. 
The contributions came from memberships, donations and entertain- 
ments, in which undertakings the women members of the board of 
go^'ernors took a major part. In the mean time, the officers of the 
hospital association had been chosen as follows : President, Mrs. 
Sheppard Homans, vice-president, Stephen G. Clarke; treasurer, 
Charles F. Park; secretary, Miss A. W. Sterling. W^hen the money 

[ 146] 


was in sight, plans were drawn b)' Thornton Floyd Turner and the 
contract was given to Andrew D. Bogert for a building to cost not 
over $5,000. The physicians of Englewood and vicinity, who com- 
posed the medical and surgical stafi, formed their own board and 
arranged their terms of service; they also made arrangements with 
specialists as consultants. The building and other arrangements were 
not completed until the early part of 1890, when the hospital was 
opened. Of this we shall speak later. Other events during the years 



1888 and 1889 were, in the former year, the purchase by the Erie 
of a tract on Dean street, extending to the railroad, which was con- 
sidered very much out of reach, the most thickly built sections of 
Englewood lying toward the south. Nevertheless, the Erie bought 
the site from Garret A. Eydecker at a good price, building up the 
neighborhood by the erection of a new station. The Field Club pur- 
chased its grounds in 1888 and .made plans for a new club house. At 
this time work was begun on a large addition to the public school, 
from plans drawn by Henry Jones. A movement was started for a 
hall, to replace the Athen;i?um, at a meeting held at the home of 
Mr. Mackay. On March 30th, '88, the Phelps home at Teaneck was 
totally destroyed by fire. The house was never rebuilt. The tall 
chimney and ruined walls, now covered with ivy and clinging vines, 



are a picturesque feature on the road to Hackensack. The township 
committee of 1889 contained James Harris, elected for another three 
years, and Abram Tallman, who finished a year of Mr. Wetmore's 
unexpired term. It was a Democratic year and the minor offices went 
to good Democrats. Charles C. Townsend became chief marshal of 


the Protection Society in this latter year. Englewood had now some 
measure of protection in the fire company, with Jacob Taylor, fore- 
man, and Charles C. Townsend, assistant foreman. Moreover, the 
Englewood Fire Association had a fire house on Van Brunt street, 
with a tower and a bell. Inside the house were a hose cart and a 
fire truck, both horse-drawn. When a fire broke out, horses were 



quickly brought from the foreman's Hvery stable, near at hand. The 
company was a Hvely one, with plenty esprit de corps, and got under 
way in short order. There were times, however, when the best of 
will to do and the strongest muscles were handicapped by the peculiar 
physical conditions to which Englewood was subject. With an icy hill 
to negotiate on a Avinter night, the company found promptness vir- 



tually impossible, no matter how the horses were lashed. Those who 
long for the good old days can take consolation in this one respect, 
at least, and rejoice in the improvement that gasoline has brought. 





HE events of the two years preceding 1890 had much to do 
with the future status of Englewood. Several progressive 
enterprises were undertaken, during that time, which clearly 
=" indicate that the projectors had in mind a wider field for 
the development of their plans. A growing sentiment of dissatisfac- 
tion with the existing state of things lent its aid. Houses had burned 
in the days when there was neither water nor hose-cart, and nobody 
was to blame; the tired brigade hung up the buckets and charged up 
the destruction to Providence. But when there zvas water but no 
hose cart, folks began to ask the reason why, and something or some- 
body tangible got the blame. Grandfather's times lost their attraction 
in the eyes of the sons of today. Every enterprise of the past years 
and of the present year pushed the township another step on its way 
toward its resting place near old Hackensack township. 

The township election of 1890 led the way in the march of events. 
The returns show that Abram Tallman, a staunch Democrat, was 
elected to a three year term. With Henry D. Brinkerhoff, a hold- 
over, he determined the majority. James Harris was minority mem- 
ber of the committee. The other township officers professed the faith 
of Thomas Jefferson, so unanimity of sentiment prevailed generally. 
The matters confronting the committee were mostly local improve- 
ments; first of all, sidewalks. The committee had the power to order 
the laying of sidewalks on petition of property owners to be benefited. 
This required unanimity of action very often unattainable. From the 
present day viewpoint, the obstructions and delays in matters of im- 
provement to property are unexplainable. But Sleepy Hollow lay 
across the Hudson, and the wind at times blew from that direction. 
Taxes have been open to objection, however, from primeval days. 
The Improvement Society was still supplying many street oil lamps, 
by private subscription, and the only way the dust on the roads was 
kept down was by a watering cart, in selected localities, also provided 
by private subscription. To do the township committee justice, efforts 


to sprinkle some streets were met by strenuous objection to adding 
to the revenues of the water company. 

The administrative year having started on its way, we may pass 
to another opening event. On May 22d, the new hall was opened 
to take the place of the old Athenx'um. The building which was to 
house a bank, a library, a club and a concert hall bore the classic 
name "Lyceum," and was erected on the site of the old Dutch farm- 
house of Dominie Demarest and Margrietje Lydecker, his wife. It 
was and is a fme structure, designed by J. Cleveland Cady, architect 
of the Metropolitan Opera House. The contractor, John F. Fitschen, 
Thomson and Poland, who did the mason work, Jacob A. Bogert, 
who did the brick work and plastering, J. Milton Elmore, plumber, 
and James Harris, painter and decorator, all Englewood men, have 
the credit of turning out an admirable piece of workmanship. All 
Englewood attended the formal opening. The Musurgia Glee Club 
and Maud Powell, violinist, furnished the musical part of the pro- 
gram. The president of the Lyceum Company gave the details of 
the construction of the building and expressed the firm conviction of 
the urgent need the structure would serve. The building cost $46,000. 

Mr. Jones was perfectly correct in his prophetic statement. The 
first officers of the Lyceum Company were : President, Dwight A. 
Jones; vice-president, Elbert A. Brinckerhoff ; treasurer, Clinton H. 
Blake; secretary, Barstow Drake Smith. The officers and directors 
of the company did not have to wait long for tenants. The Engle- 
wood Club was waiting for the completion of the building and, on 
June 2d, the social organization with seventy-two charter members 
took up quarters in the assembly rooms on the second floor. The 
club was organized December 31st, 1899, with Sheppard Homans, 
president; Henry W. Banks, vice-president; Edward P. Coe, secre- 
tary; B. Drake Smith, treasurer. The first board of governors was 
composed of Charles B. Piatt, W. L. Bigelow, Delos Bliss, Oliver 
Drake Smith, LeRoy B. Haff, Andrew J. Ditman and Thomas L. 
James. The list of officers and members of the club, past and present, 
includes the names of men prominent in business and professional life, 
all more or less directly interested in Englewood affairs. Special men- 
tion must be made of Charles G. Clark, an Englewood settler of 1870, 
vice-president of the American Express Company. Mr. Clark was 
a charter member of the club, of which he was treasurer for nineteen 
years. He was a famous whist player of the old school. 

Following closely on the club, the Englewood Library Association, 
organized this year, moved, on June 5th, Into the rooms facing on 



Palisade avenue, on the first Boor of the building. The first board 
of trustees comprised the Rev. Dr. Daniel Wise, Elbert A. Brincker- 
hoff, Clinton H. Blake, Donald Mackay, Dwight A. Jones, Samuel 
A. Duncan, the Rev. Dr. H. M. Booth, the Rev. George F. Flichtner 
and B. Drake Smith. The first four named were the officers of the 
association. Dr. Wise heading the number as president. Life mem- 
bership subscriptions, of $200 each, provided the sum of $3,400 for 
the first purchase of books. Gifts from public-spirited citizens pro- 



vided the library furnishings. The proprieties of the day were ob- 
served in the provision of separate reading rooms, according to the 
sex of the readers. Miss Anna L. Waterbury was the first librarian 
and, when the library outgrew its quarters and moved to the house 
provided by Mr. Mackay, Miss Harriet R. Prosser succeeded to the 
office and introduced progressive features, gained by study of the 
work of municipal libraries, in the selection and arrangement of books 
to meet special needs. 

Next the Citizens' National Bank rented the tower room from 
the Library Association, for banking purposes. The project of estab- 
lishing a bank had been started earlier in the year, when Clinton H. 
Blake, then president of the Englewood Improvement Society, acting 
in behalf of that organization, called a meeting for the purpose. 


THE BOOK OF' f:ngl]:wood 

There were present Messrs. Donald Mackay, E. A. Brinckerhoff, 
Charles B. Piatt, Henry W. Banks, E. B. Convers, John E. Miller, 
Clinton H. Blake and R. H. Rochester. The project was agreed upon 
and Mr. Miller ^^-as made chairman of the committee on organization. 
A charter was granted by the government, the first board of directors 
elected by the stockholders consisting of Donald Mackay, E. A. 
Brinckerhoff, John E. Miller, Clinton H. Blake, R. H. Rochester, 
Sheppard Homans, E. B. Convers, Charles B. Piatt, J. Hull Brown- 
ing, Samuel A. Duncan and Elenry W. Banks. Donald Mackay 
became president and Charles B. Piatt vice-president. F. B. Hoffman 
was appointed cashier and James R. Elliott bookkeeper. On Sep- 
tember 2d the bank opened for business, continuing today in the same 
building, which it now owns. During the bank's existence it has had 
three presidents, Donald Mackay, Clinton H. Blake and Albert L 
Drayton. During the same period there have been three vice-presi- 
dents, Charles B. Piatt, Clinton H. Blake and Samuel S. Campbell. 

The 14th of June saw the formal dedication of the Englewood 
hospital. A fair had been held a few weeks before to raise funds 
for the furnishing of the building. The amount raised, together with 
generous donations, had enabled the women members of the asso- 
ciation to get the hospital into workable shape. At the dedication 
exercises, the Englewood clergy present were the Rev. Dr. Henry 
JVE Booth, of the Presbyterian church; the Rev. George F. Flichtner, 
of St. Paul's; the Rev. E. H. Conklin, M. E. church; the Rev. A. 
Van Houten, True Christian Reformed church; and the Rev. Father 
C. J. Feehan, of St. Cecilia's. Dr. Booth made the address, giving 
the history of the hospital movement. Mrs. Sheppard Homans, 
president, in a brief speech, presented the building, on behalf of the 
association, to Dr. Hardy M. Banks, chief of the medical board. 
Among the physicians forming the active staff of the hospital were 
Dr. H. M. Banks, chief; Dr. John A. Wells, secretary; Dr. J. W. 
Terry, Dr. D. A. Currie, Dr. Edward Wight Clarke, Dr. J. J. Haring 
and Dr. James W. Proctor. Miss Sarah Clegg was the first matron 
and superintendent, with Miss Crowell, assistant. 

As a very convincing evidence of Englewood as a health resort, 
mention is made here of long-time residents who, in this year 1890, 
had exceeded the scriptural limit of age and were still hale. These 
well-known citizens were Mrs. Tappan, ninety-six, mother of Mrs. 
David Hoadley; Mr. Baldwin, eighty-nine, father of Dr. D. A. Bald- 
win; Charles H. Booth, eighty-eight; Rev. Dr. Thomas E. Vermilye, 
eightv-eight, and Rev. Dr. George B. Cheever, eighty-two. 



From the old to the young. At the June commencement of the 
EngHsh and Classical School for Boys, on the double honor roll ap- 
peared the names of the following future citizens of Englewood : 
David Cory, Dan Fellows Piatt, George Lemmon, Arthur C. Sher- 
wood and John Woolsey. 

Englewood had an opening this year which differed in character 
from other enterprises already named. This particular event was the 
first issue of the Englewood Press, in the spring of the year, Joseph 
H. Tillotson being editor and proprietor. Mr. Tillotson had pre- 
viously sold his interest in the Englewood Times to his partner, Henry 
M. Lichtenberg. There were many old traditions hanging around the 
rimes, as well along in years as the presses and the type. The logical 
thing for a man in his best years, enterprising and ambitious, was to 
start something — new. Hence the establishment of a weekly news- 
paper, new in every respect, v/ith a plant housed in a one-story build- 
ing on Palisade avenue, where the Athena?um, Jr., once stood. The 
prospectus announced that the paper was to be non-partisan, which 
proved always true of the news columns. But there was never yet 
a non-partisan newspaper that did not occasionally get out of plumb 
editorially. So the Press has at times leaned more toward the 
G. O. P. than toward the equally deserving democrats; then again 
the democrats pulled down in the editorial scale, and the others 
went up in the air. Thus the non-partisan balance was restored and 
grounds of complaint were removed. The career of the paper has 
been one of steadily increasing success, despite the misadventure of a 
fire, which destroyed the second place of business on Engle street. 
Temporary quarters were then secured, while the present building was 
under construction. Within a remarkably short time the Press was 
again installed In the enlarged ancf commodious surroundings, still 
occupied, with all the accessories of a fully equipped plant. Mr. Til- 
lotson has deserved and received the confidence and good-will of 
Englewood by his newspaper advocacy and personal support of every 
forward movement for the advancement of the city. 

The last Item of public Interest of this year was the purchase of 
a tract opposite the Field Club, the property of George R. Dutton, 
for the purpose of establishing the Englewood School for Boys (out- 
growth of the Plumley and Smith schools), as a preparatory school 
for college. A group of citizens formed a stock concern with E. A. 
Brinckerhoff, chairman, and erected a handsome and commodious 
stone school building. James H. Parsons was appointed headmaster, 
with able assistants. A feature introduced in the course was syste- 



matic military drill under competent direction. The E. S. B. company 
became a part of the Decoration Day escort in the G. A. R. parade. 
The school building is now part of the hospital property, Englewood 
finding preparatory schools further afield or using the improved high 

The spring election of 1891 resulted in the return of Henry D. 
Brinkerhoff for another term as township committeeman, preserving 
the democratic complexion of the administration. The fact of the 
many "openings" of the previous year gave fresh impulse to incor- 
poration talk, especially among those with abundant leisure. The 
argument now took the form of opportunity for expansion, on the 
one hand, and increased taxes by those who had least to fear from 
the collector, on the other. So much had happened the year before 
that a sort of breathing-time now prevailed. The telephone company 
Avhich, a little over a twelvemonth before, had been almost ready to 
quit for lack of increasing patronage, now took heart and introduced 
long distance service. This indicated recognition of the beginning of 
Englewood's forward march. 

In January, to the sorro^^•ful regret of the congregation, the Rev. 
Dr. Booth presented his resignation from the pastorate of the Pres- 
byterian church, on account of impaired health and the Imperative 
need of rest. The request was granted and, on March 18th, the Rev. 
James Eells was chosen as Dr. Booth's successor. Mr. Eells was the 
son of the Rev. Dr. Eells, former pastor of the Pierrepont street 
Dutch Reformed church of Brooklyn, and at one time a summer resi- 
dent of Englewood. Mr. Eells was young, of agreeable personality, 
an interesting preacher and made an excellent impression upon the 
congregation. He was formally installed on September 24th. 

The Hospital Association, at its annual meeting in April reported 
the first year's work of the institution: seventy-five patients treated, 
of whom two were moribund when admitted; of the properly hospital 
cases, but one had died. The receipts for the year were $4,672.09; 
expenditures, $4,208.37, leaving a balance on hand of $463.72. It 
was stated that some changes in the hospital were imperative. There 
was great need for an ambulance. 

In this same month the Phi Sigma society of the Collegiate School 
for Girls, Misses Sterling and Geri-ish, principals, gave an entertain- 
ment at the school and divided the proceeds between the hospital and 
the Maria Mitchell endowment fund of Vassar, giving to each the 
sum of $110. 

The hospital met with a serious loss in the death, on April Uth, 







1892, after a short illness, of Dr. Edward Wight Clarke. The young 
physician had devoted his attention to surgery, was a skillful oper- 
ator and had a brilliant future before him. Dr. Clark was the son- 
in-law of Dr. H. Al. Banks and was associated with the latter in 

The township committee \^'restled with the usual problems of side- 
walks, street lighting, the misbehavior of the brook and the com- 
plaints of the chronically dissatisiied. Taxes appear to have been 
paid with reasonable promptness. Gen. S. A. Duncan was made vice- 
president of the Protection Society in place of Dr. Banks, John D. 
Probst succeeding Gilbert L. tiaight as member of the executi^'e 
committee. The first suggestions A^'cre heard, during the year, that 
the Society belonged to a past decade; yet the Englewood constab- 
ulary at the time consisted of three members. 

Again it was election time and James Harris went to the head, 
with a three year term as town committeeman. William Walker 
Green entered local politics as chosen freeholder. The township 
administration was still democratically inclined. 

National politics overshado^^-ed local issues. The second Cle^-e- 
land-Harrison campaign was on and adherents of the respective can- 
didates started betimes to prepare for winning the fight of 1892. 
'i'he Cleveland campaign club was officered as follows : President, 
Henry J. Reinmund; vice-presidents, Dr. H. AL Banks, Charles B. 
Piatt, Henry A. Barling, R. P. Wortendyke, Alexander Cass; execu- 
tive committee, William W. Green, Abram De Ronde, Eerov B. Haff, 
Herbert B. Turner, Henry Cooper, Cornelius Sweeney, David E. 
Barrett, Henry Bailey and Julius Freudenthal. The Republican club 
had as president, E. A. Brinckerhoff ; the vice-presidents were Samuel 
A. Duncan, Samuel AE Riker, Henry W. Banks, Sheppard Homans 
and Thomas B. Kerr. Col. William M. Grosvenor, Clinton H. Blake, 
Edward R. Barton, Charles Barr, Jr., F. W. Phelps, Richard E. Coch- 
ran, James Harris, Oliver Drake Smith, J. Hugh Peters, Garret 
Vanderbeek, E. Y. Bell and Gardner S. Hutchinson formed the exec- 
utive committee. The principal orator on the republican side was 
E. Y. Bell, a handsome man, with exuberant locks, usually spoken 
of as "the golden tongued orator;" the second spellbinder was Col. 
Grosvenor, with shaggy locks and a vast supply of statistics at com- 
mand to prove his points. Lmfortunately the "golden tongued" had 
not always remained in one camp. And when Col. Grosvenor backed 
his statements with figures, he was often met with rebuttal from his 
own book, "Does Protection Protect?" written when the speaker was 

[ 158] 


not enamored of a protective tariff. The democrats relied upon mak- 
ing plain who were the beneficiaries of a high tariff, sticking to the 
issue in spite of the opposing oratory, which asked the voters to save 
the country again, to fill the workingman's dinner pail to repletion, 
picturing the tariff as providing a Brussels carpet and a cabinet organ 
in every workingman's parlor. When the election was over, repub- 
licans and democrats became again neighborly Englewooders and 
talked about incorporation. There was a new angle of this subject 



brought to view this year, an argument against change, so that Engle- 
wood might remain a country village and retain its primitive charm. 

An appeal made by the management of the hospital met with 
good response; $1,650 was contributed for improvements to the build- 
ing, according to plans made by Henry Jones. A subscription was 
started by the Englewood Press for an ambulance fund. The amount 
needed was completed and the ambulance was procured and presented 
to the hospital. 

In its election this year, the Protection Society thought to honor 
Dr. Banks by making him an honorary member and the secretary 
sent the notification to this effect. The letter in reply expressed Dr. 
Banks' thanks for the intended compliment, but contained a cheque 
with the request that the doctor's name be restored to the active list. 



The doctor evidently resented the imphcation that he was "passe." 
Dr. Daniel A. Currie entered military service this year, as captain 
of Company B, bringing with him a number of recruits secured by 
a thorough canvass of the town. F. G. Coyte was Dr. Currie's 
mentor until he got the hang of military tactics. Among personal 
happenings of this year was the graduation of the future judge, 
Thomas J. Huckin, from the High School on June 25th. The theme 
of his graduating essay was, "Things That Cost Nothing." This 


same year Miss Lillian F. Hover entcreci upon service in the public 
school, as assistant in the intermediate department. 

The township election of 1893, signalized the entrance of Robert 
Jamieson into official life as town clerk. The election of Oliver Drake 
Smith to the township committee restored the republican majority 
to that body. Hugh Smith, overseer of the poor, was also a repub- 
lican, but the poor were relieved according to their needs, without 
reference to personal politics. 

The most interesting political event of this year was the election 
of commissioners in the five road districts. Though long before suf- 
frage days, this was an occasion Avhen women voted and worked as 
if they were real and not near citizens. The voters were those who 
owned taxable property, a great deal of such property being listed 

[ 160] 


on the assessor's books in women's names. These women turned out 
as voters. A number of other women, not property-owners, busied 
themselves in getting out the vote, male and female, for their favorite 
candidates. There was an innovation at the polling place of the 1st 
district, where Miss Martha Burr Banks acted as clerk of the elec- 
tion board: whereby hangs a tale. There were contests in the 1st 
and 2d districts. In the former, Clinton H. Blake ran against Wil- 
liam O. Allison; in the latter, Oliver Drake Smith and Joseph W. 


Stagg were opponents. Isaac J. Zabriskie was unopposed in the 3rd 
district and Sheffield Phelps in the 4th. Mrs. Christine Cole was 
opposed to Peter Ackerman in the 5th. Messrs. Blake and Smith 
were elected, Joseph Stagg arriving at the conclusion that he was 
"not a lady's man." The other commissioners elected were Isaac J. 
Zabriskie, Sheffield Phelps and Peter Ackerman. Mr. Allison ques- 
tioned the legality of Mr. Blake's election and took the matter into 
court. Involved in the dispute was the right of women to vote in a 
road-board election, even if they were owners of taxable property; 
also, the service of a woman on the election board, even in a clerical 
capacity, was attacked as illegal. The other members of the road 
board elected Mr. Blake chairman, while the suit was dragging its 
way through the courts. Much ill-feeling was engendered in the con- 



troversy, which undoubtedly had much to do with the separate for- 
mation of the borough of Englewood Chffs. 

In the spring of this year, the trustees of the Presbyterian church 
decided to build a manse on the church grounds. A fund of $16,000 
was raised by subscription and a building, harmonizing architecturally 
with the church and chapel, was erected by Andrew D. Bogert. The 
first occupants of the manse were the Rev. and IVlrs. James Eells. 

Early in the spring, a familiar figure was missed at the Palisade 
avenue railroad crossing. Timothy Hickey, of the stentorian voice 
and diminutive stature, had resigned his position as guardian of that 
particular crossing. Mr. Hickey had been in the service of the rail- 
road in one capacity and another since 1859. For a number of years 
his "look out!" sent up and down the avenue, had given warning of 
approaching trains. When gates were provided, Tim lowered them 
and shouted just the same. He was exceedingly watchful of school 
children, who were obliged to cross the track. He gave up his job 
only when age compelled retirement. 

In May, the Rev. Dr. Booth, who had returned from a trip of 
rest and recreation in Europe, accepted the presidency of the Auburn 
Theological Seminary and the professorship of practical theology. 
About the same time, the Rev. John Woolsey Craig, an Episcopal 
clergyman without a charge, bought a tract of land on Woodland 
street for a school building, to be constructed after novel plans, and 
to be known as Helicon Hall. In the summer, the Hon. William 
Walter Phelps returned from Germany, where he had filled the 
position of minister until the inauguration of President Cleveland, 
when he tendered his resignation, holding over until relieved by his 
successor, Theodore Runyon. 

Another event was the opening of the new house of the Engle- 
wood Field Club with a large reception and a dance. The patronesses 
were Mesdames J. C. Anderson, William M. Kidder, Donald 
Mackay, Harry A. Ogden, J. Hugh Peters and Wilham P. Coe. 

On June 27th, Wilham Stanley, Sr., a distinguished lawyer and 
long-time resident of Englewood, died at Great Barrington, Mass., 
where he had been residing in the hope of restoring impaired health! 
Mr. Stanley was one of the founders and incorporators of the Engle- 
wood hospital and was a man well liked and respected in the com- 

The advocates of incorporation scored a victory in the township 
election of 1894. Joseph Thomson was elected to the township com- 
mittee, making the triumvirate straight republican. Outside of the 







poundkeepers everything was republican, the sentiments of the im- 
pounders not being of record. There was a general air of marking 
time : the committee had no power to inaugurate any special work 
and so routine business was carried on. 

A number of women in Englewood devoted themselves to looking 
up family records, back to Revolutionary days and beyond. In con- 
sequence of this research, a largely attended meeting was held, on 
IVlay 9th, at the residence of Mrs. Charles B. Piatt, Tenafly road, 
when a chapter of the Daughters of the Revolution was organized. 
There was a sufficient number present who could read their title clear 
to Revolutionary descent, and others who had their claims well under 
way. So the Liberty Pole Chapter was organized, with Mrs. h'w- 
ingston K. JNIiller as regent and PvJrs. Edward W. Clarke, secretary. 

During the year, a philanthropic plan was put into execution of 
aiding crippled children, discharged from the Orthopedic hospital, 
New York, with a chance of convalescence under favorable conditions, 
by bringing them out to a country home and giving them skilled care 
and attention. A year's experience had convinced the projectors of 
the plan of its feasibility, and Daisy Fields, a cottage near Knicker- 
bocker road, became the home of an organization for the care of 
crippled children. The idea originated with Mrs. Herbert B. Turner, 
who became the president. Miss Frances E. Lyman was vice-presi- 
dent; Mrs. D. Webster Evans, secretary; and Mrs. Joseph E. Tilling- 
hast, treasurer. Miss Lena Herbert was matron and nurse in charge 
of the children. The charity was carried on by the aid of contribu- 
tions of friends, church collections and donations, and brought untold 
blessing to scores of suffering children. Another charitable under- 
taking, with an Englewood connection, is the Edgewater Creche, 
formerly located at Edgewater, which takes care of sick and under- 
nourished babies of poor mothers. This has been for years under the 
direction of Miss Lucy Kellogg, a former resident of Englewood, 
who now carries on the work in a new building on Broad avenue. 

On June 17th, 1894, WiUiam Walter Phelps passed away, within 
a year after his return from Germany. Mr. Phelps was a lawyer 
by profession and a large landowner in Bergen County. He was 
elected to Congress from the 5th congressional district, in 1872, and 
was defeated in the election of 1874. He was appointed minister 
to Austria-Hungary, in 1881, by President Garfield. Upon the death 
of the President he resigned, remaining a year, until his successor was 
appointed. His next office of prominence was that of minister to 
Germany. On his return from Berlin, in 1893, the position of special 

[ 164] 


judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals of the State of New Jersey 
awaited him, but his health failed so rapidly that he could not continue 
the work. Mr. Phelps was always interested in Englewood affairs, 
though his residence at Teaneck Avas necessarily intermittent. 






UTURE historians of New Jersey will record the year 1895 
as that in which township government began, with increas- 
ing impetus, to give way to that of boroughs. The advan- 
tages of borough government became increasingly manifest, 
and small was the village that did not feel entitled to incorporate. 
Among others, Englewood felt the urge. Citizens of influence, how- 
ever, wanted to be sure that certain obvious advantages would not be 
more than offset by increased expense. But when Teaneck and Engle- 
wood Cliffs incorporated, there were real reasons for Englewood to 
move in the matter, some being unkind enough to suggest that incor- 
poration should be had while something remained to be Incorporated. 
Teaneck, which had been associated with the early days of Englewood, 
said farewell and set up as a township. The first primary was held 
on March 1st; there was only one ticket, republican, in the field, so 
everything was harmonious. The candidates nominated and subse- 
cjuently elected were : Town committee, William Bennett, Peter I. 
Ackerman and H. J. Brinkerhoff; town clerk, Frank S. De Ronde; 
surveyor of highways, Sheffield Phelps; freeholder, John J. Phelps. 
This was by way of parting with a family connection. Englewood 
laughed in its turn when Englewood Cliffs had great trouble in find- 
ing enough candidates to fill all the offices at the first borough election. 
Thirty-three votes were cast to elect fourteen officials. Incidentally, 
the 1895 state census showed Englewood township, minus Teaneck 
and Englewood Cliffs, to have 5,443 inhabitants. While Englewood 
was thinking things over, events of interest were not lacking in the 

Englewood's spring election had a bipartisan result. James 
Harris, republican stalwart, first elected on the township committee 
in 1886, was chosen for another term of three years. The "Big 
Three" — Oliver Drake Smith, Joseph Thomson and James Harris — 
were prepared to guide the township on the old lines or perhaps to 


furnish a mayor, if Englewood changed to a form of government 
requiring such an official. The choice of Andrew D. Bogert as free- 
holder, Hezekiah Birtwhistle as assessor, and the three commissioners 
of appeal was pleasing to the democrats. Shortly after the election, 
the burning of the house of E. Y. Bell, on Hamilton avenue, just east 
of Colonel Moore's present residence, called attention to the defi- 
ciency in fire protection, there being but little water pressure on the 
hill and no pumping apparatus. Object lessons, though expensive, 
seem to be necessary, so we may, in a manner, count each loss as a 
step on the road of progress. Next to be noted is the annual meeting 
of the Hospital Association, the officers for the new year being: 
President, Mrs. Clinton H. Blake; secretary, Mrs. James O. Cle- 
phane; treasurer, George P. Payson. In the election of Mr. Payson 
there was added to the hospital management the best type of public- 
spirited citizen, who worked unostentatiously for the best interest of 
the institution and gave not only faithful service but generous support 
to carry on its beneficent purpose. The new public school at Nord- 
hoff, though not fully completed, was opened in October of this year, 
with Miss Elizabeth Bennett and Mrs. Isabella Arrow to carry pupils 
through the first four grades of their education. 

This seemed to be a year in which women took a rather prominent 
place in the eyes of the community. A Woman's Club was organized 
where hitherto the only organized feminine gathering, with a pur- 
poseful feature, had been the church sewing society. A preliminary 
meeting was arranged by some seventeen women, on October 14th, at 
the residence of Mrs. John A. Wells, where a plan was made for the 
formation of a club similar to the clubs in Orange, Newark and 
other places in New Jersey. The women present constituted the 
charter membership. At a subsequent meeting, at which a number 
of other women enrolled as members, formal organization was 
effected by the election of the following officers: President, Miss 
Adaline W. Sterling; vice-presidents, Mrs. Chester E. Loomis and 
Mrs. Horace L. Congdon; corresponding secretary, Miss Helen W. 
Banks; recording secretary. Miss Elizabeth B. Vermilye; treasurer, 
Mrs. William A. Childs. The club, begun in the rather prescribed 
fashion of over a quarter of a century ago, began to outgrow its 
limitation in its very first years by taking active part in the preserva- 
tion of the Pahsades. On October 14th, 1921, when the club cele- 
brated its silver birthday, it had attained the position of an important 
factor in the civic life of the community. 

The Liberty Pole Chapter, Daughters of the Revolution, a 

[ 168] 


patriotic organization founded the previous year, came before the 
public on December 26th to commemorate the anniversary of the 
battle of Trenton, by the erection of a Liberty Pole to mark the site 
of the pole standing where "the three roads met" in Revolutionary 
days. The dedication exercises took place at Dwight Chapel, the 
regent, Mrs. Livingston K. Miller, presiding. The Rev. James Eells 
read the regent's address and then told the story of Fort Lee and 
the Liberty Pole and the part his great grandfather, a fighting parson. 



had played therein. He was followed by Miss A. W. Sterling, who 
read an original sketch called "Christmas at Trenton, 1776." The 
last address was made by Mrs. Georgia B. Crater, of Newark, who 
told the story of Valley Forge in the winter of 1777-'78, the endur- 
ance of cold and privation, and the work of Baron von Steuben, 
which turned out a well-drilled army to march out in June and win 
the battle of Monmouth. At the close of the exercises in the chapel, 
the members of the Chapter and of the G. A. R., and citizens gener- 
ally, preceded by a band and the Englewood fife and drum corps, 
marched to the new Liberty Pole. All stood at salute while William 
C. Davies of Dwight Post, G. A. R., and Roswell H. Rochester 
pulled the ropes that brought Old Glory to the top of the pole. The 
band played the "Star-Spangled Banner." A perpetual lease of the 



triangular plot on which the pole was raised was given to the Daugh- 
ters of the Revolution by Mrs. and Miss Demarest. Later, through 
the kindness of Abram De Ronde, a bronze tablet was placed upon 
the pole, and the spot was enclosed by a fence of granite posts con- 
nected by iron tubing. The inscription on the tablet reads: 

"On this spot there stood, from 1766 for nearly a 
hundred years, a Liberty Pole, to commemorate the 
repeal of the Stamp Act. At the Liberty Pole Tavern, 
which stood near by. Gen. George Washington halted, 
on Nov. 19th, 1776, after the evacuation of Fort Lee." 

"Ninety-five" saw the inauguration of a new movement in Engle- 
wood, the trolley company making application to the Township Com- 
mittee, on November 26th, for permission to lay tracks and operate 
cars within the township. The consummation was much delayed, 
however, by difficulty in obtaining rights of way. 

During the year several weddings of interest took place, notably 
those of Miss Isabel Taylor to Willard Cass, of Miss Josephine 
Springer to Joseph M. Gilbert, of Mrs. Alice S. Myers to Hardy 
M. Banks, Jr., and of Miss Florence H. Corliss to Thomas W. La- 
mont of New York. 

Englewood lost by death during the year a number of honored 
citizens. Francis Howland, of whom particular mention has already 
been made in this story, passed away on April 23rd. Aside from his 
ventures in land development, Mr. Howland entered into state politics 
and ran unsuccessfully twice as republican candidate for the Senate 
from Bergen County. At the time of his death he had returned to 
the practice of law and was residing in New York. Gilbert L. Haight 
died on June 1st. He was the first commodore of the Brooklyn 
Yacht Club and starter of the first transatlantic yacht race. He came 
to Englewood in 1873, living on Palisade avenue, opposite Dr. Cur- 
rie's. For ten years he was treasurer of the Protection Society. The 
death of General Samuel A. Duncan, on October 18th, came as a 
shock to a community by which he was much beloved. General Dun- 
can -was born in Meriden, N. H., and was a graduate of Dartmouth 
College. A teacher at the beginning of the Civil War, he gave up 
his position and enlisted in the army, was commissioned and speedily 
promoted — Colonel, 1863; Brigadier-General, 1864, and Brevet 
Major-General, 1865. After the war he practiced law in Washing- 
ton, D. C, where he married Miss Julia Jones, then engaged in 



hospital work. In later years he practiced his profession in New 
York, specializing in patent law. The Duncans made their home 
in Englewood in the '80s. As one greatly interested in home affairs, 
General Duncan had been president of the Englewood Club, vice- 
president of the Protection Society, a director in the Citizens' Na- 
tional Bank and the Sewerage Company. 

Eighteen ninety-six was pregnant with change for Englewood. On 
February 28th was passed an ordinance, granting to the Bergen 

^^^^^^^^B^^H^^BtbAi. '^ 


k \ ji 


County Traction Company the right to enter Englewood, the terminus 
of the trolley to be at Dean street and Englewood avenue. The line 
was formally opened on July 11th, the rolling stock at the time con- 
sisting of four open and six closed cars. Early in the year appeared 
a communication in the Englewood Press, urging incorporation as a 
city and claiming that township government was more expensive and 
less efficient. The signers were Samuel M. Riker, Abram Tallman, 
E. B. Convers, Oliver Drake Smith, J. W. Stagg, E. T. Fellowes, 
J. F. Fitschen, Donald Mackay, John R. Dunlap, Chnton H. Blake, 
J. H. Tillotson and R. H. Rochester. The communication had the 
desired effect, with the result that the question was submitted to the 
voters on the tenth day of March, incorporation as a city, under the 



1895 act of the legislature for the incorporation of cities, winning 
by 516 to 328. At the same election Dr. Currie was chosen as a 
member of the township committee, a choice invalidated by the act, 
which provided that the old township officers should hold over until 
the city officers were elected. The township committee as it stood 
before the spring election of 1896, and therefore the "old officers," 
were James Harris, Joseph Thomson and Oliver Drake Smith. A 
meeting of this committee was held on March 12th and its last 
official act was to divide Englewood into four wards, whose inner 
boundaries were Palisade avenue and the railroad. There was a 
temporary reorganization of the township committee into a "city 
council." This was effected in the following manner: Mr. Harris 
was made chairman; thereupon Mr. Smith resigned his membership 
on the committee, to take effect upon the election of his successor. 
Carried. Mr. Thomson then nominated J. Hugh Peters in place of 
Mr. Smith, the election was unanimous and Mr. Peters accepted. 
On motion of Mr. Thomson, Henry Birtwhistle was nominated as 
representative of ward 4. This Avas also carried and accepted by the 
nominee. The four wards being now represented, Mr. Thomson 
nominated Oliver Drake Smith as mayor. Unanimous election fol- 
lowed. According to the provision of the act, the first city election 
was ordered for April 14th. 

The Englewood Press advocated a "Citizens' Ticket" at the com- 
ing election, with Dr. Banks as the nominee for mayor. The Doctor, 
however, rested content with his election as president of the Bergen 
County Medical Society. The democratic primaries, on March 23rd, 
produced the following officers and nominees : First ward, David 
L. Barrett, chairman, Emil Ernst, secretary; for councilman, Walter 
W. Conklin; for commissioner of appeal, A. R. Mattlage; for mem- 
ber of the board of education, R. W. Guthrie. Second ward, E. T. 
Fellowes, chairman, Charles Morse, Jr., secretary; for councilman, 
Edward P. Coe; for commissioner of appeal, Cornelius Lydecker; for 
member of the board of education, C. W. Morse, Jr. Third ward, 
R. P. Wortendyke, chairman, Joseph Cooper, secretary; for council- 
man, Abram Tallman; for commissioner of appeal, Nicholas Loder; 
for member of the board of education, Frank M. Demarest. Fourth 
ward, J. M. Elmore, chairman, Frank Boeheim, secretary; for coun- 
cilman, Wm. J. Scully; for commissioner of appeal, Ralph Demarest; 
for member of the board of education, Eugene M. Boeheim. 

The democratic city convention, on March 24th, had as chairman 
and secretary Andrew D. Bogert and Joseph Cooper, respectively, 



and named the following candidates : For mayor, Dr. Daniel A. 
Currie; for clerk, Robert Jamieson; for receiver of taxes, Thomas 
O'Brien; for assessors, Hezekiah Birtwhistle, Charles W. Chamber- 
lain, George R. Van Brunt, James R. De Camp. 


The republican primaries tabulate as follows: First ward, Elbert 
A. Brinckerhoff, chairman, Roland Vermilye, secretary; for council- 
man, Leonard E. Curtis; for commissioner of appeal, Jacob S. Wet- 
more; for board of education, Huyler Bogert. Second ward, J. E. 
Miller, chairman, F. S. Duncan, secretary; for councilman, Garry 
Vanderbeek; for commissioner of appeal, R. A. Gorham; for board 
of education, R. B. Taylor. Third warci, Charles Barr, chairman, 
Chas. W. Springer, secretary; for councilman, Charles Barr; for 
board of education, Wm. G. Vermilye. Fourth ward, F. W. Phelps, 
chairman, Christie Costello, secretary; for councilman, Abraham Van 



Wart; for commissioner of appeal, Thomas Marchant; for board of 
education, F. W. Phelps. The republican city convention, held in 
Mackay Hall on the same evening, had, as chairman, S. M. Riker. 
Charles F. Park was secretary. Donald Mackay was nominated for 
mayor and F. G. Coyte for city clerk, James H. Coe for receiver 
of taxes, J. L. Hendricks for assessor, J. C. Anderson for freeholder, 
George S. Coe, R. R. Brinckerhoff and James M. Gulnac for excise 
commissioners. The election was held on April 14th, and resulted 
as follows : 

Wards 12 3 4 

Currle (D) 135 97 229 142 

Mackay (R) I44 m ng §3 

Currie's majority, 141. 
Other officers (majority in parenthesis) 

City Clerk, Robert Jamieson (D) (107) 

Receiver of Taxes, Thos. O'Brien (D) {S6) 

Assessor, Hezekiah Birtwhistle (D) (239) 

Freeholder, J. C. Anderson (R) (27) 

Board of Excise 

C. W. Chamberlain (one year) (D) (45) 
G. R. Van Brunt (two years) (D) (101) 
J. M. Gulnac (three years) (R) (86) 


1st Ward, L. E. Curtis (R) 
2nd Ward, E. P. Coe (D) 
3rd Ward, Abram Tallman (D) 
4th Ward, Wm. J. Scully (D) 

Board of Education 

Huyler Bogert (R), R. B. Taylor (R), Francis W. Demarest 
(D) (elected chairman), and Eugene M. Boeheim (D) 
Commissioners of Appeal 

J. S. Wetmore (R), R. A. Gorham (R), Walter Westervelt 
(D), Ralph Demarest (D) 

The city council held its first meeting on May 4th. The Pro- 
tection Society, which had given such aid in Englewood's youthful 
days, held ,ts 28th annual meeting on May 2nd. The consensus of 







opinion of the directors and members present was that change in 
the form of Englewood's government did not necessitate doing away 
with the society, and a vote prevailed for continuance and coopera- 
tion with the city authorities. The active days of the society, how- 
ever, were practically over, though the form of organization Avas 
maintained for several years. The council, at this organization 
meeting, elected Abram Tallman president of the council. Other 
officers elected were: John D. Probst, city treasurer; Raymond P. 
Wortendyke, city counsel; E. T. Fellowes, recorder; Dr. John A. 
Wells, city physician; John J. Post, health inspector; John J. Scully, 
overseer of the poor; James A. Terhune, chief of police; Joseph W. 
Stagg, street commissioner. An ordinance was passed fixing salaries: 
IVIayor, $100 per annum; councilmen, $2 per meeting; clerk, $350; 
receiver of taxes, $350; counsel, $200 (raised to $500 in 1897); 
recorder, $100; chief of police, $900; assessor, $400; street commis- 
sioner, $800; treasurer, $600; policemen, $720; overseer of poor, 
$100; health inspector, $120. The mayor presented his first mes- 
sage, reviewing the status of the citv as to finance, health and fire 
protection. He recommended the election of a fire chief, the estab- 
lishment of a fire alarm system, an increase in the number of police- 
men, under civil service rules, and that a suitable building should be 
rented for occupancy by city officials. An arrangement had previously 
(April 16th) been made with the borough of Teaneck, whereby the 
township accounts had been settled on a basis of seven-eighths to 
Englewood and one-eighth to Feaneck. Rooms for the use of the 
council were later secured in the Riker building. 

A ciispute as to the jurisdiction of the new city in the matter of 
school districts was amicably settled, George R. Dutton acting as 
special counsel on behalf of the city. Many other "matters of 
course" of today had their birth in ninety-six. On April 1st, Engle- 
wood obtained free delivery of mail, and the post office lost, for all 
time, its primacy as the center of gossip. The younger generation 
of today cannot enjoy the pleasure of waiting around while the mail 
is being sorted, a custom that prevailed after every advent of the 
twenty-minutes-to-five train in the afternoon. 

On August 23rd the council, after much discussion, by resolution 
granted the Bergen County Gas and Electric Company the right to 
erect poles and string wires in all of the city's principal streets. On 
September 10th AFiyor Currie asked for the rescinding of the reso- 
lution, claiming that the grant should have been by ordinance and 
that litigation would result. On October 8th President Tallman, in 



reply, stated that the council wouki be willing to act by ordinance. 
The mayor later announced that he would refuse to sign such an 
ordinance, on the ground that Councilman Curtis was interested in 
the Electric Lighting Company. Mr. Curtis replied that he was 
not interested in the company, but only in the Bergen County Gas 
Company (which had organized the Electric Company), and that, 
out of excess of caution, he had not voted on the resolution. An 


ordinance was forthwith passed on first reading. Before the year 
was out, ill health forced Mr. Curtis' resignation, his place being 
filled by Clinton H. Blake, through election by the other members 
of the council. The board of education increased the appropriation 
for school purposes to $11,000 and designated the school in the 
fourth ward as number one, that at Highwood as number two and 
that at Nordhoff as number three. 

During the year the Englewood Woman's Work Exchange opened 
its new building on Engle street, the old Englewood House was 
rented to Miss Gerrish to be used as a girl's school, and the home of 
the Catholic Club, on Prospect street, was finished, though not for- 
mally opened until January Sth, 1897, the club's officers at the time 



being James F. Cooke, president; David L. Barrett, treasurer, and 
James A. Cooke, secretary. 

A Golf Club, under the presidency of Thomas Thacher, built a 
nine-hole course in the direction of Nordhoff. A. T. Enos was vice- 
president, Malcolm Campbell was treasurer, and G. H. Burritt was 
secretary. Sunday golf was soon in question, and a prominent citizen 
was arrested for the purpose of testing the efiicacy of the blue laws 
of New Jersey. The case was brought before Recorder Fellowes 
and promptly dismissed. Since that famous decision Sunday golfers 
have lived unmolested in our midst. 

The Englewood Hospital this year re-elected Mrs. C. H. Blake 
as president and Mr. Payson as treasurer, Mrs. J. O. Clephane be- 
coming vice-president and Mrs. L. E. Curtis secretary. During the 
year the hospital established a training school for nurses, with a two 
years' course. 

It is to be noted here, also, that Jacob Taylor was re-elected 
foreman of the fire company and that Frank S. DeRonde and Henry 
M. Coxe became respectively captain and second lieutenant of Com- 
pany F. At that time elections were the order of the day, Mr. 
Bryan being in full swing with his sixteen-to-one campaign. Free 
silver did not "set" well, for some of the conservative democrats 
of Englewood who, calling themselves "gold democrats," made vali- 
ant efforts in behalf of the third ticket, headed by Palmer and Buck- 
ner. Prominent among them were Mayor Currie, J. W. McCulloh, 
Delos Bliss, W. H. DeRonde, Abram DeRonde, Ashbel Green, W. S. 
Doughty, H. B. Turner, Arnold Marcus, C. J. Peabody, Thomas 
Thacher, Abram Tallman, Dr. H. M. Banks, Cornehus Lydecker 
and W. W. Conklin. The regular democrats, however, seemed to 
be in the majority, the gold democrats leaving the regular meeting 
after considerable confusion. The regulars sent as delegates to the 
state convention C. W. Chamberlain, Ralph Lydecker, A. D. Bogert 
and John W. Cooper, and organized a Bryan and Sewell club. 

During the year several of the early citizens passed away, having 
reached ripe old age. Among these Avas William T. Booth, the head 
of the family in Englewood, who passed away at the age of ninety- 
one, on January 4th. Another loss was that of Henry A. Barhng, 
on March 16th. Mr. Barling was of Southern birth, but had resided 
m the North for many years, during which he had been connected 
with the Robinson shipping and whaling interests centered at New 
Bedford, Mass. Later he became executor of the Robinson estate, 
hence his connection with Robinson's daughter, Hetty, known to fame 



as "Hetty Green." The Barling house at Highwood, the scene of 
much hospitahty in Mr. Barhng's time, is now occupied by Mr. 
Ludwig Stross. The house to the east on Tenafly road was long 
known as the "Hetty Green" house (torn down in 1919), and was 
the property of that eccentric lady. May 3rd saw the passing of 
George S. Coe, a pioneer resident, former president of the American 
Exchange Bank. Mr. Coe was one of those "men in a million" whose 
sterling uprightness was evident at a glance. Margaret Westervelt, 


widow of Henry D. Westervelt, died on August 9th at her home on 
Grand avenue. Mrs. Westervelt was a representative of the early 
settlers long before either the railroad or the commuter was known 
in English Neighborhood, and was closely connected with the old 
Bergen County families. The commuter element had its loss, too, 
at this time, in the going out, on December 24th, of John W. Graham, 
who had made hosts of friends during his twenty-five years of service 
as conductor on the Northern Railroad. 

Eighteen ninety-seven sees the young city getting used to its new 
suit. The spring election, for an "off year," furnished some excite- 
ment. Though Clinton H. Blake was victor over C. W. Chamber- 
Iain in the contest for councilman, the voters were unable to agree 
on a member of the board of education from the first ward. Miss 
A. W. Sterling and Huyler Bogert dividing the honors. The council, 
however, by a vote of three to one, decided the tie in favor of Miss 
Sterhng. The situation was complicated by the organizing of both 
the old and new boards of education. An amendment to the city act 



had changed the term of oltice of members to three years and the old 
board (the mayor in agreement) held that the amendment was retro- 
active and that Mr. Bogert should hold over. Mr. Bogert, as secre- 
tary of the old board, refused to surrender his papers to the new 
board. The iMiglewood Press presented a new angle to the pubhc 
eye, doubting whether the constitution contemplated the election of 
a woman to any office, and calling attention to the use of the word 
"he" throughout that document. In reply was quoted chapter 336 
of the laws of 1873, viz.: "No person shall be eligible to the office 
of school trustee unless he or she can read and write." The supreme 
court Mas called upon to cut the knot, deciding in favor of the new 
board, which had organized with Miss Sterling as president and 
Charles Huckin as secretary. The other members were Robert B. 
Taylor (re-elected) and Joseph ]\E Cooper. At the next meeting 
of the board the president reported on the condition of the schools 
and suggested changes and additions in and to the course of study. 
This had far-reaching results, the progress begun at that time con- 
tinuing until the schools of the city have no superiors in the state. 
Mackay Hall was leased by the board for use of a primary school. 
An appropriation from the city of eleven thousand dollars was de- 
cided upon as necessary, which, with seven thousand dollars to come 
from the state, would meet the budget for the school year. Council- 
man E. P. Coe resigned in June, the vacancy being filled by the 
unanimous election of Abram De Ronde. At this time there was a 
rather hot factional fight among the democrats of the second ward, 
Recorder Fellowes being at the head of those who proposed W. S. 
Mowry for Mr. Coe's place. 

During the year the Gamewell fire-alarm system was ordered in- 
stalled, the police were increased from five to seven (new appointees 
being Louis Ruch, George Elliott, James Smith and Frank Titus), 
gates were placed at the Palisade avenue railway crossing (the com- 
pany refusing to protect Demarest avenue in the same way), and the 
trolley, after a discussion of thirteen months, moved one block north 
to Palisade avenue. The delay was largely due to the desire of the 
trolley people to go west, on Palisade avenue, and north on Tenafly 
road. This was not popular. Nor was a grade crossing desirable. 
Meetings were held, at one of Avhich Mr. E. B. Convers solved the 
problem by providing for two cars, one on either side of the railway, 
the passengers to walk at grade from one to the other. Our present 
solution did not seem so simple in the old days. At this time the 
registered voters numbered 1,31 1. To be noted, too, was the appoint- 







ment of James Harris as postmaster. The local papers report the 
purchase, by Edward H. Lyon, of a horseless carriage, the first to be 
owned locally. To quote: "It took Palisade hill at greater speed 
than a horse could make." 

There were some interesting occurrences in the council during the 
latter part of this year. The recorder resigned in November. Later 
the salary of the office was increased from one hundred to three hun- 
dred dollars. A committee of the council then waited upon Mr. 
Fellowes to see if he would now accept a reappointment. The Judge 
said he would. The law in the case was that an incumbent's salary 
could not be raised during his term of office. The council noted that 
when fires occurred on the hill the speed of the hook and ladder truck 
was lessened by the number of the men riding up-grade. A new 
rule set a limit of two men, and the chief was authorized to send the 
rest "by express" through the hiring of an express wagon. In Novem- 
ber, Mayor Currie vetoed an ordinance giving the New York and 
New Jersey Telephone Company the right to erect poles in certain 
streets. The ordinance was, however, passed over the veto. At the 
next meeting a veto of the ordinance granting the Electric Light 
Company a like privilege took the same course. The mayor held 
that the city should receive a certain fee for the erection of each 
pole. So an ordinance was introduced, looking to payment of a fee 
for all poles erected in the future. At this time the city fathers were 
notified that the city act of 1895 had been attacked by a taxpayer of 
the city of Dover, the only other city which had incorporated under 
the act. The council authorized the taking of any action necessary 
to a legal defense. 

Man-made laws may be amended and errors therein are not irrep- 
arable. Of a different nature was the question that now came promi- 
nently to the fore in Englewood, namely, the preservation of the Pali- 
sades of the Hudson against the attacks of the quarrymen. On May 
I3th the Englewood Woman's Club was host to the State Federation 
of Women's Clubs, meeting in annual session at the Lyceum. Mrs. 
Katherine J. Sauzade made an eloquent appeal to the women of the 
state to help save the Palisades. The federation voted an endorse- 
ment of the mo\ement. On September 22nd a delegation from the 
State Federation visited the quarries of Carpenter Brothers, as the 
noonday shots were being fired, and saw large portions of the cliff 
separate themselves and fall to the river's edge. Undoubtedly a 
strong feeling was aroused, as a meeting was forthwith held and a 
state committee was formed to agitate on preservation, the Engle- 







wood members being Mrs. Sauzade, Miss Sterling, Mrs. Chester 
Loomis and Miss Elizabeth Vermilye. The famous "Indian Head" 
was destroyed in two blasts, the first on September 25th, which was 
five weeks in preparation, and the second on October 16th. Between 
these dates a meeting was held in Englewood under the auspices of 
the Woman's Club, at which Fanning P. Albert of Alpine was one of 
the speakers. Englewood owes much to that veteran of the Palisades, 
who devoted so many years of enthusiastic work for the cause he 
held dear. To him and to the other workers whom we have named 
let us here bear tribute. Without them the cry Avould have been "too 
late." The agitation finally became so strong that Attorney-General 
(jrey sought an injunction against two of the quarries and legislation 
seemed imminent that would prevent the riparian commission from 
granting any wharfage rights on the river front to any quarrymen. 
Here, for a time, we leave the subject. 

During 1897 three deaths of pioneer citizens are to be noted. 
William Hart Smith died at Lakewood on January 31st. About 
1870 he built his home on the corner of John street and Tenafly 
road, occupied from 1873 by Charles B. Piatt. Mr. Smith lived for 
a time at "Duke Domum," almost opposite. On April 27th died 
James W. McCulloh, an early resident of Englewood. Mr. Mc- 
Culloh was a great organizer and executive and the chief factor in 
the birth of the Protection Society. He was a man of forceful char- 
acter and great courage. Another great loss to Englewood occurred 
on November 27th, in the passing of Roswell Hart Rochester. Mr. 
Rochester had great public spirit and held opinions that he was willing 
to fight for. For many years he was the treasurer of the Western 
LTnion Telegraph Company. 

The spring election of 1898 brought new blood into the council, 
Mr. De Ronde holding over from the second ward while Messrs. 
O. D. Smith, James F. Cooke and Hezekiah Birtwhistle were re- 
turned as representatives of the first, third and fourth wards, respec- 
tively. Mr. Cooke was chosen as presiding officer. J. H. G. Mills 
became city treasurer. Dr. J. W. Proctor, city physician, Cornelius 
Sweeney, health inspector and Jacob Ullrich, poormaster. Other 
officers were continued. 

On the death of Road Commissioner Joseph W. Stagg, March 
21st, John B. Vanderbeek had been chosen to fill the vacancy. A 
further change resulted from the resignation, in May, of Mr. De 
Ronde. Colonel John D. Probst was elected to take his place. At 
the same time a civil service commission was inaugurated, the first 



Incumbents being Col. Probst, E. R. Barton, Charles B. Piatt and 
John Dougherty. There was no election for mayor at this time, the 
original law calling for a three-year term instead of two years, as at 
present. The one electoral contest that did arouse interest was that 
in which Miss Sterling was a victor over Samuel F. Gold, by 165 
votes to 86, for membership on the board of education. 

Just at this time school matters of importance came up. More 
facilities were needed, as set forth in a petition of the West Side 
Improvement Association. The school board stated at the spring 
primaries that a fifty thousand dollar appropriation for a new school 
was vitally needed. Neither party took any stand in the matter, 
though the council later approved the policy of the board. The city 
appropriation for schools for the year 1898-99 was $18,000, an 
increase of $3,000. Owing to congestion, the board was compelled 
to lease for school purposes the Ralph Barber house on Engle street, 
opposite Church street, and the Elliott house on Tenafly road. In 
June, Stephen B. Gilhuly of Flemington, N. J., was appointed super- 
intendent of schools. A novelty of the year was the series of free 
lectures at school number one, under the auspices of the board. Mrs. 
John E. Curran was the first lecturer, her subject being "The Begin- 
nings of Music," in which she was assisted by Miss Anna Waterbury 
and Mrs. David U. Cory. 

War having been declared against Spain, Company F left for 
Sea Girt and Jacksonville on May 2nd, eighty-four strong, under 
Captain Frank S. De Ronde and Lieutenants Louis Ruch and Henry 
M. Coxe. The boys were given a send-off on the grounds of the 
Field Club, Donald Mackay presenting a silk flag on behalf of Engle- 
wood. Mayor Currie volunteered for service and left Councilman 
Cooke as acting mayor. 

A matter of regret to many more than his own parishioners arose 
from the resignation, early in the year, of Rev. James Eells. Church 
growth was emphasized in the organization of the West Side Presby- 
terian Church, with Thomas B. Kerr and John W. Snowden as elders 
and Wm. E. McMurtrie as deacon. Dwight Chapel had been moved 
to the present site, west of the Liberty Pole, and was the place of 
worship of the new organization, which was the outgrowth of the 
"West Side Union Chapel." 

On June 13th Justice Lippencott of the supreme court handed 
down a decision, holding that the act of 1895, under which Engle- 
wood had incorporated, was special legislation and violated the state 
constitution. The guilty clause in the act reads as follows: "None 



of the provisions of a general or special act relative to cities of this 
state shall apply to cities organized under this act, nor shall any such 
act hereafter enacted apply, unless the same shall be a supplement 
of this act, or such future act shall by its terms be made applicable 
to cities incorporated under this act." The council forthwith decided 
to share expenses with the city of Dover in carrying the case to the 
court of errors and appeals. The latter court upheld the supreme 
court, ruling that the city government was simply "de facto." This 
put the young administration for a time in an embarrassing position, 
it being doubtful, for a period, whether the bank would be willing 
to extend financial accommodation to a body which the court had held 
to be of illegitimate birth. The matter was finally straightened out in 
a satisfactory way and the city father's breathed more freely. 

During the summer, the proposal to open Tallman Place and 
Park Place was being forwarded, with the usual delay in coming to 
terms with the property owners on an equitable basis. A convenience 
for Englewood politicians was the opening of the trolley line from 
Leonia Junction to Hackensack. 

At the democratic county convention, on October 19th, Dr. D. A. 
Currie, or rather Lieutenant-Colonel D. A. Currie, was nominated 
for senator. The candidate for the senate made a canvass of the 
county in his uniform, but in the election, though Dr. Currie carried 
the city by 229 majority, he was defeated in the county by William 
M. Johnson, of Hackensack, by a majority of 723 votes. 

An event of general interest was the return of Company F from 
service, on November 12th. A citizens' committee made elaborate 
arrangements to welcome the boys. Awaiting the arrival of the train 
was the escort, comprising the G. A. R., the firemen, the military 
company of the Englewood School for Boys, the West Side cadets, 
and Mt. Carmel Council, C. B. L. The line of parade was through 
the principal streets and then to the armory, where a banquet was 
served, at which Lt.-Colonel Currie was present as well as the most 
prominent citizens. 

Three well-known citizens responded this year to the last roll call. 
Sheppard Homans answered on January 8th. Mr. Homans was 
intimately connected with the beginning of Englewood, both in 
church and civic development. In March, Joseph W. Stagg, the 
most active man of his day, went to his rest at the age of sixty-eight. 
And in the last month of the year, the Rev. Dr. Daniel Wise finished 
his work in the fullness of years. All of these earlier citizens have 
appeared often in these pages. One of the main thoughts in the pro- 



duction of this history is the opportunity here given to bear tribute 
to the sterhng quahties of "the founders," now so rapidly passing 
from among us. They Avere the creation of their environment and 
seem to bear the imprint of those sterner days. Some claim that the 
movies and joy-rides and other features of our present life have de- 
moralized us to some extent. Others, of a waggish turn, hold that 
the chief difference between the then and the now lies in the method 
of hirsute adornment to which the face is treated; that, given the 
beards, we would all look as stern and dignified as our forebears ! 


[ 187] 


I ' year in which Englewood finally got down to a legal basis, 
changing her de facto government to one duly formed. 
Through the efforts of a citizens' committee, a bill was in- 
troduced by Senator William M. Johnson and finally passed, setting 
out the boundaries of the city to be, in case the vote to incorporate, 
under the city act of 1897, were favorable. There was much pulling 
and hauling, however, many Highwood residents desiring a separate 
borough for their section, while Nordhoff residents, who wanted to be 
included in the new city, had, as opponents, the people of Coytesville 
and Fort Lee who wished to retain Nordhoff in Ridgefield township. 
The bill was signed by Governor Voorhees on March 21st. The elec- 
tion, held on April 11th, showed a majority for incorporation of 465. 
At the same time, city officers were elected as follows : 

Mayor — Elbert A. Brinckerhoff (R) defeating Daniel A. Currie 
by 44 votes. 

Councilman-at-large — John Dougherty (D) defeating John A. 
Beattie by 104 votes. 

City Clerk — Robert Jamieson (D) defeating Charles H. May 
by 153 votes. 

Councilmen — 1st Ward, James C. Anderson (R) unopposed. 
2nd Ward, R. B. Taylor (R) defeating John D. Probst by 32 votes. 
3rd Ward, F. L. Voorhis (R) defeating James F. Cooke by 16 votes. 
4th Ward, John M. Booth (R) defeating Hezekiah Birtwhistle by 
27 votes. 

The change in the political complexion of the government was 
charged, by the democrats, to the account of Wm. Jennings Bryan. 
Mr. Anderson was chosen chairman of the council and city officials 
were appointed as follows: treasurer, Oliver Drake Smith; counsel, 
George R. Dutton; engineer, William V. Van Blarcom; street com- 


nilssioner, Hugh Smith: city physician, Dr. J^mes W. Proctor; chief 
of police, Frank Titus. Mr. Button succeeded E. T. Fellowes as 
recorder. The board of education consisted of Thomas B. Kerr, 
George S. Coe, Charles J. Bates, Albert H. Gillard and Adahne W. 
Sterling. The board organized with Thomas B. Kerr, president, 
Charles J. Bates, vice-president, and Adalinc W. Sterling, secretary. 
Standing committees were appointed, and an office of the board was 
established at school No. 4 on Engle street. 

In his first message. Mayor Brinckerhoff recommended an In- 
crease in the police force from seven to nine and also urged an 
appropriation of $35,000 for a building to house the city officials. 
Increase in the police force was immediately approved by the council. 
Pending future developments as to a city hall, Mr. Brinckerhoff 
opened a small office in Mackay hall where he held an office hour 
each evening, Sunday excepted. As soon as the business of the council 
Vk'as well under way, the administration found itself in hot water 
with the Northern railroad. The cause of the trouble was the pro- 
posed extension of Van Brunt street, north from Palisade avenue, 
to connect with Tallman place. The railroad direction strengthened 
its verbal objections with a threat of a high fence on its right of way 
to shut off approach to the street. So the Van Brunt street extension 
took, for the time being, a place with other unsolved city problems. 

The matter of chief Interest, during the year, had to do with the 
question of new schools. The school board asked from the city for 
the year 1899-1900, the sum of $20,385, as against $18,000 for the 
preceding year, and announced the appointment of Marcellus Oakey, 
M.A., as superintendent of schools. The board asked for a bond 
issue of $75,000 for the building of two new schools, one on the 
East side and one on the West side. On behalf of the proposition. 
President Kerr addressed the council. Later, a mass meeting was 
held at the Armory. In July and August the council, after much dis- 
cussion, put through an ordinance, proposing to bond the city for 
$148,000, for the following purposes: school In the 3rd Ward, 
$30,000, school on the East side, $30,000, new streets, $25,000, 
city hall and grounds, $45,000, drainage, $10,000, fire-house, $8,000. 
The election was held on the first Tuesday of September and each 
and every proposal Avas defeated in the second, third and fourth 
wards. The first ward voted for everything except a city hall. 

At this time a fight raged between the citizens and the Bergen 
County Gas and Electric company, the company having erected elec- 
tric light poles without due authority. Mayor Brinckerhoff was op- 







posed to the company. In August, the mayor vetoed an ordinance 
giving rights to the company and the veto was sustained. Later the 
council tried to do by resolution what it had failed to do by ordinance, 
but the resolution was not sent to the mayor for signature. The 
company went ahead under this presumed authority and installed a 
lighting system, in spite of many fights with individual property 
owners, the first-warders being particularly obnoxious to the com- 
pany. The test of the action did not take place until June, 1901, 
when D. F. Piatt cut down seven of the company's poles on Tenafly 
road and John street. A suit followed, the court deciding that the 
Piatt poles, which had been replaced, would have to come down, the 
company not having been duly authorized to erect poles. The court 
added that no other poles were to be affected by the decision, all 
other property owners having ''slept on their rights." For the sake 
of the reputation of the judge, his name will be omitted here. "Not 
guilty, but don't do it again" is about on a par. 

As a sort of interlude between electric pole fights and evasive 
plans of trolley extension, the board of education arranged a rousing 
patriotic meeting on November 27th at the Lyceum. The occasion 
was the presentation of a large American flag to School 1 by Col. 
Allan C. Bakewell, commander of Lafayette Post, G. A. R., Dept. 
New York, on behalf of his associates. All of the upper grade pu- 
pils of the city schools were seated in the parquet, and the rest of 
the house was devoted to seating the invited guests who comprised 
representatives from every organization in Englewood. On the stage 
were seated the mayor and other city officials, the G. A. R., delega- 
tions from the Woman's Club and the Daughters of the Revolution. 
Captain Harry Al. Coxe, W. Marvin Coe and Russell B. Reid rep- 
resented Company L, and Trooper John W. Loveland, In the full- 
dress uniform of Squadron A, completed the military note. The 
school children, under direction of Miss Alida Nixon, sang appro- 
priate patriotic songs. IvLayor Brlnckerhofl^ made the opening ad- 
dress and was followed by Col. Bakewell, who made the presenta- 
tion speech. At the close of his remarks, the school color guard, 
Sergt. Thomas BIrtwhistle, Chester Landers, Sidney Alexander, 
Harry Halliday and Archie Thomson, bore the flag to the front of 
the stage and the entire audience rose and gave the pledge to the 
flag. President Kerr accepted the gift of the Post in a happy speech, 
concluding with the felicitous statement that the Lafayette Post flag 
would fly from the Dwight Post flagpole. The last speech, not on 
the program, was by Donald Mackay, who called for three cheers 



for the G. A. R. The flag was formally raised on the school campus 
on the following Tuesday morning. 

In November, the matter of the trolley extension was again before 
the council, the Northern raih^oad contending against a crossing at 
grade. A good by-product of the meeting was the promise of the 


railroad to put gates at Ivy lane and Hudson avenue. The last excite- 
ment of the year was due to the case of F. W. Bergendahl, the mayor 
having caused the former's arrest for the selling of ice-cream on 
Sunday, in contravention of the law of 1798. The jury in the case 
brought in a verdict of "not guilty," to the joy of the hberal-minded 
and the sorrow of those good citizens who walk in the narrow way. 
The mayor later took up with the butchers and barbers the question 
of limitation of open hours on Sundays. 

On February 6th, 1900, a trolley ordinance was passed, Mr. 



Dougherty in the negative, giving the company (now merged in the 
New Jersey and Hudson River company) the right to go West by 
way of Pahsade avenue. I'he company, however, refused to accept 
the franchise within the sixty days allotted. 

On account of the great congestion in the schools, the board of 
education, on March 10th, again approached the council on the subject 
of a bond issue, asking for sixty-five thousand dollars for new build- 
ings. On March 20th, a proper ordinance was passed. The election, 
held on April 10th, gave a close verdict, a majority of 39 for the 
issue, the fourth ward alone voting the negative. On the same day 
the board reorganized for the year. Mr. Kerr having refused re- 
appointment on the ground of ill health, his place was taken by 
Charles J. Peabody. George S. Coe became president and A. W. 
Sterling remained as secretary. The bonding ordinance had included 
a proposed fire house. This having been voted upon favorably, ground 
was broken on May 19th, the building being that on Palisade avenue 
which is, at this writing, the central fire station of the city. When 
the plans for the building were under consideration, the mayor ob- 
jected to what he deemed the structural weakness shown. The coun- 
cil gave no heed to his protests but went ahead with the work. Later 
on, when the opening of the fire house was being celebrated by a 
parade, with visiting fire companies and a collation on the premises, 
the mayor had the laugh on the council. As head of the police depart- 
ment, he placed an officer at the foot of the stairs and no one was 
permitted to inspect the upper floor, the mayor holding it to be 
unsafe for a crowd. As events proved, the mayor was entirely right, 
the building having to be strengthened within three years, under the 
second Currie administration. 

In March, the questions of opening Tallman Place and Park 
Place were still hanging fire. The former was referred to a special 
committee of the council \Ahile the latter was solved by the mayor, 
who announced that he had purchased the property involved from 
Col. H. W. Banks and would turn the same over to the city at cost, 
,^6,531.40. The offer was accepted in April, and the proper ordinance 
was duly adopted for opening the new street. 

At the annual meeting of the council on April 17th, Mr. Ander- 
son was re-elected president. Shortly after, he became acting mayor 
in the absence of Mr. Brinckerhoff. On account of leaving Engle- 
wood, councilman Voorhees resigned in September. Owing to lack 
of provision in the city act, his place could not be filled at the time. 
The defect was remedied in 1901 by a bill introduced in the legis- 







lature by Joseph H. Tillotson, of Englewood, then an assemblyman 
from Bergen county. In March succeeding, John Beattie was ap- 
pointed to the vacancy. 

The matter of most moment during the year 1900 was the choice 
of school sites. Councilman Dougherty, who, with Mr. Voorhees, 
had been appointed a committee on sites, went ahead as if the matter 
were entirely within the control of the council, whereas, by law, it 
was entirely the business of the board of education. This caused a 
great deal of friction. jMr. Dougherty made an agreement with the 
trustees of the Englewood School for Boys for the purchase of the 
property opposite the Field Club, for the sum of $22,000. The site 
chosen by the council for the West side school was that on which 
Liberty school stands today. The council finally came to the decision 
that it would be just as well to talk matters over with the board of 
education. The board proved to be in agreement on the west side 
site but held that the property opposite the Field Club was badly 
located for the use of our youngest citizens. The board offered as 
an alternative the Peter Martin property at the southwest corner of 
Spring lane and Engle street, and proposed a post-card vote on the 
two sites by the voters of the first ward. The vote was taken, later, 
and was in favor of the Spring lane site. As to the Liberty school site 
there was a great deal of delay and misunderstanding, on the part 
of the council, with the result that the board lost a valuable option 
on the property, which was later bought by Abram De Ronde. The 
council then passed an ordinance for the purchase of the Spring lane 
property for the East side school. The ordinance was vetoed by the 
mayor, and the veto was sustained. That settled the matter of the 
east side site for the time being. Early in 1901, however, Mr. 
De Ronde sold to the board of education, at cost, $11,000, such por- 
tion of the Demarest property purchased by him as the board de- 
sired for the school. 

Nineteen hundred had been an off-year in local politics. It is to 
be noted, however, that ITenry R. Bailey became poormaster and 
J. A. Humphrey (Englewood's first historian), assessor from the 
first ward, at the election on April 10th. 

There were other events in this year quite unconnected with 
politics or with the doings of trolley and railroad officials singly or 
combined. On Whitsunday, June 3rd, the doors of the new St. 
Paul's were opened to welcome the congregation to the first service 
in the beautiful and stately church, the successor, after thirty-five 
years, of the modest building whose stones are built in to the encir- 



cling walls of the new edifice. The rector, Rev. George Frederic 
Flichtner, was the preacher and his sermon breathed the spirit of 
Pentecost. A vested choir of men and women rendered the music 
of the service under the direction of, the organist, S. S. Huxham. 
On Wednesday of Whitsiuitide, June 6th, the rite of confirmation was 
administered by the Right Reverend Thomas Starkey, bishop of 
Northern New Jersey. The church, of Tudor-Gothic architecture in 



the form of a modified Latin cross, was designed by Thornton Floyd 

The synagogue, built this year on Humphrey street, is the first 
Hebrew house of worship erected in Bergen county. It was built 
for the Ahabat Torah congregation, of which at that time Harry 
Friedman, J. Resnick and L Sabin were trustees. 

Ground was broken on August 24th for the Bergen building, cor- 
ner of Engle and Bergen streets. The building was erected by F. W. 
Phelps for the Bergen County Gas and Electric company and marked 
a departure in residence accommodation. This was the first modern 
apartment house in Englewood, with six apartments equipped for 
housekeeping. The first story was arranged to be used for stores 
or offices. On completion of the building, the company occupied the 
corner store as office and salesroom. The telephone company occu- 



pied space on the Bergen street side as an exchange. The sewerage 
company also had an office on Bergen street. When the Palisades 
Trust and Guaranty company was first organized, the banking offiice 
was in one of the large offices on the Engle street side of the build- 
ing. Up to the present writing, apartment houses in Englewood have 
not increased to any extent; the spirit of a home with some land 
around it still casts its spell. 

Humanitarian building was done throughout the summer, in fact 
throughout the year, in the Civic League, by women associated in 
true philanthropic work. The officers of the league were Mrs. Fred 
S. Bennett, president; Miss Sara Fairchild Piatt, secretary, and Mrs. 
J. Hugh Peters, treasurer. A kindergarten, day nursery, and boys' 
and girls' clubs were carried on at the Neighborhood House on Dean 

There were other happenings more or less personal. Our militia 
company has always been an object of interest, and many of us felt 
a bit aggrieved when the designation of the company was changed 
by the reorganization after the Spanish-American war and we were 
obliged to speak of "Company L." This year. Captain Frank S. 
DeRonde resigned and was succeeded in the command of the com- 
pany by First Lieutenant Harry M. Coxe. William Marvin Coe 
moved up a round on the ladder and became first lieutenant. On the 
rung below was Russell Reid, second lieutenant. 

On December 13th, the Liberty Pole Chapter, Daughters of the 
Revolution, with inherited military connection, elected the following 
new officers; regent, Mrs. Charles B. Piatt; vice-regent. Miss Ger- 
trude S. Duryee, of Fairview; secretary, Mrs. Marcus Walker, of 
Leonia; treasurer. Miss l^mily C. Dutton; historian. Miss Elizabeth 
S. Vaill, of Demarest. The chapter had devoted its meetings to his- 
torical study of Jersey events connected with the Revolutionary war. 

A social event of the year was the marriage at St. Paul's, on 
October 2d, of Ethel Appleby Bliss, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Delos Bliss, to Dan Fellows Piatt. The ceremony was performed bv 
Bishop Starkey, assisted by the rector, the Rev. George F. Flichtner. 
The wedding had the Princeton note in the color of the floral decora- 
tions and in the personnel of the ushers. 

Englewood enjoyed reflected honor this year in the election of 
Joseph H. Tillotson to the assembly. Mr. Tillotson brought to his 
service in the legislature the same attention to business, the same 
capacity for work, that have contributed to his success in the news- 
paper world. 







Early in 1901, application was made for a franchise to extend 
the trolley, by a double track, north to Demarest avenue. At the 
hearing, the Northern railroad and Messrs. Murray Olyphant and 
John Beattie were found in opposition, mainly on the ground that the 
trolley company would give no information as to what it had in mind 
for a further extension. The upshot was that the matter was post- 
poned until the succeeding administration. The legislature had passed 
an act doing away with spring elections in municipalities. This being 
decided by the courts to be constitutional, there was no election in 
Englewood in April of 1901, the officials holding over. At the council 
meeting on April 16th, Mr. Dougherty resigned as councilman-at- 
large and nominated Donald Mackay as his successor. Mr. Mackay 
was duly elected. Mayor Brinckerhoff resigned on May 28th and 
Mr. Anderson became acting mayor and Mr. Mackay acting presi- 
dent of the council. The mavor resigned owing to a contemplated 
trip abroad coming into conflict with a term of office extended by the 
legislature. The mayor had proved himself a careful, conscientious 
and able executive officer who gave his best for the good of the city. 
His resignation was accepted with great regret and a feeling (which 
time has but strengthened) that the mayor's attitude on the antiquated 
Sunday closing law had been misunderstood. 

During the spring, the board of education selected from plans 
submitted by several architects, that of Herbert C. Davis. The board 
hoped that the contract might go to a local builder, but the highest 
bid, $44,900, came from the single Englewood bidder. The contract 
was awarded to Marcus Bollhardt, of Bayonne, for $29,362, which 
did not include the heating plant. Philip Raque, of Englewood, was 
appointed to act for the board in supervising the work. The con- 
tractor put a large force at work, employing, where possible, local 
men. On June 24th, the corner-stone was laid. The problem of an 
East side school was finally solved by unanimous vote of the council 
and the board of education for the purchase of the Englewood House 
property. The price was $25,000. There were some who held that 
this action did not conform to the vote of the people for "the build- 
ing of two schools," but majority opinion agreed that the action 
would be for great future good to the school system and the event 
has proved the judgment sound. The school enrollment in September 
was 803, an increase of 28. The school appropriation for the year 
was $27 757. At this time the board of education decided to change 
the designation of two of the schools, and No. 2 was henceforth 
known as "Highwood" and No. 3 as "Nordhoff." 



The question of an adequate drainage system was brought con- 
vineinglv to pubhc notice by the damage done to the streets by a 
cloud-burst in August. The storm was of short duration, but It in- 
volved a cost of $6,000 to the city for absolutely necessary repairs 
to the roadways. In September, commemorative services were held 
in several of the Englewood churches on the day of President Mc- 
Kinley's burial. 

An event of importance to the whole community was the opening 
of the Englewood library, on September Sth, in Its new home in the 
remodelled Ainsworth house on Palisade avenue. Room was pro- 
vided for 5,000 books on closed shelves, with a reading room adjoin- 
ing. On the second floor ^vere a reference room and librarian's ofHce. 
The furnishings, as well as the building and grounds, were the gift 
of Donald Mackay. On October 15th, the building and its contents 
were tendered to the city, provided the people would vote acceptance 
of the same under the library act, thus permitting of taxation for 
maintenance. At the election in November, the offer was accepted 
by a majority of 404. The council forthwith appointeci Messrs. 
Mackay, Brinckerhoff, Blake, Convers anci Wortendyke trustees, with 
terms ranging respectively from five years to one year; the mayor and 
superintendent of schools to serve ex-officlo. The property was trans- 
ferred to these trustees on December 9th and the "Free Public 
Library" was opened to the public a fortnight later. The regular city 
election was also held in November, with the result that Dr. Currie 
won over Donald Mackay for the mayoralty by 260 votes and Dan 
Fellows Piatt became councilman-at-large, defeating Joseph Thomson 
by 174 votes. James F. Cooke and William Scully were elected coun- 
cilmen In the third and fourth wards over John A. Beattle and John 
Booth, by the respective majorities of SO and 28 votes. Thus Engle- 
wood returned to the democratic fold. 

On November 9th, the board of education made application for 
an additional $15,000 for the completion of Liberty school. This led 
to complications which will be related in the next chapter. The last 
meeting of the council was held on December 17th, with a setting the 
house in order for the succeeding administration. 

During the two years of this period of our city's history, there 
were losses as well as gains. Familiar faces passed from sight, and 
the last chapter in this phase of existence was written in many a life. 
These lives belonged to the growth of Englewood. We enter them 
here in tribute to the Vvork and influence they represent. 

[ 202 ] 



February 13th, 1900: Henry A. Eyman, one of the early resi- 
dents, well known and respected in the first Dwight place neighbor- 
hood circle. 

April 8th, 1900: Alexander Cass, born in Schoharie county, 
N. Y., 1825, resident of Bergen county, 1853; teacher of L'pper 
Teaneck school, also of Eower Teaneck school, for a combined 
period of thirteen years: town clerk of Englewood, 1859—1865; jus- 
tice of the peace, 1885-1889. 

April 13th, 1900: John S. Messenger, an early resident, who 
built one of the first houses in Englewood, on Palisade avenue, in the 
early 60's. 

December 15th, 1900: Samuel B. Hard, born at Albion, N. Y. 
Englewood resident of the eaidy 80's, a man of intelligence and 

January 8th, 1901: Mrs. Harriet Sheffield Van Buren, widow 
of Consul General Van Buren and daughter of Joseph E. Sheffield^ 
of New Haven. 

January 26th, 1901 : Mrs. Martha Bronk Deuel, widow of 
James W. Deuel; teacher for a number of years in the Under-thc- 
Cliff school. 

February 16th, 1901 : Dr. August Kursteiner, born in Switzer- 
land, 1829; a distinguished educator and musician; head of the first 
Collegiate school for boys in Englewood. 

February 23rd, 1901 : John Daniel Probst, born at Bremen, 
Germany, 1841; banker and brf)ker. A man of great energy, who 
usually accomplished what he set out to do. His services to the city, 
both as treasurer and as councilman, will be gratefully remembered. 

March 25th, 1901 : Jeffrey A. Humphrey, resident of Englewood 
since 1859. One of the first members and an incorporator of the 
Presbyterian church, in which he served as deacon in 1865, treasurer, 
1860 and 1876, trustee, 1865, 1877 and 1885. Built many resi- 
dences in the early days of Englewood for investment. A man of 
kindly disposition and devoted to Englewood, of which he wrote the 
first history. 

May 21st, 1901 : The loss in the prime of life of Dr. John A. 
Wells was a blow to his many friends and to the whole community. 
Born January 17th, 1856, in New York City, he graduated from Yale 

[ 204 ] 



o 2c 


in 1876 and from the College of Physicians and Surgeons three years 
later. Marrying Janet, daughter of the Rev. Dr. Thomas G. Wall, 
in 1882, he settled in Englewood. He was one of the projectors of 
the Englewood hospital and was secretary of the medical board. 
He was a skillful surgeon and served in that capacity on the hospital 
staff. His active interest was devoted to the enlargement of the hos- 
pital building, and the founding of the training school for nurses. 






T noon on New Year's day, 1902, the newly-elected council 
met at Mackay hall and took over the city government for 
the ensuing two years. Mr. Piatt was unanimously elected 
president, receiving the vote of the republican holdover 
councilmen, Messrs. Anderson and Taylor. The city appointments 
made were: street commissioner, Hezekiah Birtwhistle; engineer, 
Willard Cass; physician. Dr. George B. Best; board of health. Dr. 
Valentine Ruch, Jr., inspector; Joseph Klink, Fred K. Lachmund, 
Gilliam D. Bogert and Edward O'Hara. At a later meeting, Andrew 
D. Bogert was appointed treasurer, in succession to Henry C. Jack- 
son, who had held the position for about two years, following Oliver 
Drake Smith. Dr. Currie agreed to act as police justice, as the "re- 
corder" was now called. Appointees to the board of education were 
Charles J. Bates, Adaline W. Sterling and A. H. Gillard. 

One of the first matters for consideration and action by the coun- 
cil had to do with providing funds to complete Liberty school. 1 he 
question was thoroughly' ciiscussed in a conference held with repre- 
sentatives of the board of education on February 8th. The latter 
answered the voluminous and categorical questions of the councilman 
who acted as spokesman for the city fathers, and assented to the 
proposition that a committee of two disinterested local builders exam- 
ine the work already done on the building. The conference resulted 
in the decision of the council to pass an ordinance for a bond issue 
of $24,000, of which $17,000 was for the completion of the school 
and $7,000 to build one fire house. Meanwhile the board of educa- 
tion, the first of the following month, took possession of the Engle- 
wood house, employed a competent sanitary engineer to ascertain 
what changes were necessary for school purposes, and consulted with 
the original builder of the hotel as to any possible structural change 
in the way of throwing two rooms into one. The work was done 
during the spring vacation. The furnishing and effects of the hotel 
not being included in the purchase of the building and grounds, were 
sold at auction by the former owner of the property. On March 


11th and 12th there ensued an auction carnival which attracted the 
biggest crowd of bargain-hunters ever seen in ]{nglewood. The scene 
was interesting in the extreme. The buyers came from up the road 
and down the road, from Fort Fee and from Hackensack wav, and 
swarmed over the premises. The experienced bargain hunters took 
a comprehensive survey of the situation, then corralled the stuff they 
intended to purchase, and camped on the spot, until the auctioneer 
got around to the lot. The irregulars skirmished from room to room 



at random, snapping up with equal a\-idity ancient bric-a-brac or still 
more venerable pots and pans. \'\'hen the carnival was over and the 
premises were completely dismantled, the old house, in fancy, seemed 
to murmur, "my turn next."' 

The council did not proceed with the proposition in regard to 
the bonding ordinance, as the mayor interposed a veto at the meet- 
ing of IVFirch 4th, and also disapproved the resolution to print ordi- 
nances in two newspapers, being sustaineci in both instances. The 
report of the building committee in the matter of Fiberty school 
showed one slight deviation in plan, and that in the way of improve- 
ment, viz., the substitution of copper for galvanized iron in the roof 
gutters. A new ordinance was drawn for $18,000 for the comple- 
tion of the school, and $15,000 to build fire houses at Nordhoff and 

[ 208 ] 


Highwood ($4,500 each), and to strengthen fire house number one, 
on Palisade avenue. The date of the special election was set for 
March 2Sth. 

From the moment the board of education demonstrated the need 
of additional funds to complete the building of the West side school, 
the Englewood Times commenced a campaign against the issue of 
school bonds, Ex-Recorder Fellowes, mentor of that publication, 
having it in for the board of education for a personal reason. Ac- 

t nit it ,r 
I («i » i t <'^ 


cording to the Times, the plans for Liberty school had been so 
amended as to weaken the walls beyond the danger point. Though 
this statement was proven utterly without foundation, and the report 
of the builders' committee to the council showed the only change was 
not structural but only the choice of a more durable metal in the 
construction of the gutters of the building, the charge was reiterated, 
with additions which brought it very close to the danger point of 
libel. At the special election, on March 25th, the school bond propo- 
sition was carried in every ward; the whole majority being 434. The 
fire house bonds carried with a majority of 75, though the fourth 
ward was against the proposition. This vote, as an expression of 
public sentiment, ought to have been an illuminating rebuke to the 
"managing" editor of the Times. The construction of the school pro- 
ceeded without further delay. We shall speak later about the open- 
ing day. 

Returning to happenings of the first part of the year we note the 



dedication of St. Cecilia's handsome new parochial school, which had 
been begun during the preceding April. The dedication took place 
on January 19th. The Right Rev. Bishop O'Connor, of Newark, 
the Rev. Charles H. Mackin, of Seton Hall college, South Orange, 
and the Very Rev. Edward Brann, of St. Agnes church. New York, 
were the officiating clergy. The building, an imposing edifice of red 
and gray sandstone with an overall measurement of 88 by 82 feet, 
stands on Waldo place. The Rev. Dr. Brann who assisted in the 


dedication, was, when a young priest, some thirty-five years ago, in 
charge of the Englewood mission before either church or school was 

During this first month of the year, William Stewart Doughty 
passed away, on January 9th, at his residence on Engle street. Mr. 
Doughty was among those who became residents of Englewood after 
the close of the Ci\'il war. He built the house in which he lived and 
died. Ele was a man of fine mind, wide information and firm con- 
victions. Both Mr. and Mrs. Doughty were prominent in the in- 
tellectual and social life of the period. On the 11th of the same 
month, a long life was ended by the death of the Rev. Dr. Thomas 
G. Wall, in New York City. Dr. Wall was one of the pioneer set- 
tlers of Englewood in the early sixties. He was among the first edu- 
cators of the new settlement and succeeded William B. Dwight as 
principal of the girls' school, established by the latter In the Dominie 
Demarest farm-house. When this building was destroyed by fire, 



Dr. Wall opened a school in the Westervelt house on Tenafly road, 
later erecting for school purposes the building on the northwest cor- 
ner of Palisade and Hillside avenues. After several changes in prin- 
cipalship, the school, now located farther east on Palisade avenue, 
and known as Dwight school, was and is continued in its former work 
of college preparation by Miss E. S. Creighton. Dr. Wall was also 
the first pastor of the Tenafly Presbyterian church, which he served 
for seven years. After terminating his Englewood activities. Dr. Wall 


accepted the position of superintendent of the Presbyterian hospital. 
New York, rendering valuable assistance in organizing the ambulance 

During the spring and early summer, the First Church of Christ, 
Scientist, which was begun the previous year, was completed and 
opened. The church is of modified Gothic architecture and stands 
on the east side of Engle street, corner of Spring lane. Mr. and 
Mrs. William A. Childs were, respectively, second and first readers 
at the time. During the year, several memorial gifts, including the 
altar, lectern, pulpit and organ, were made to St. Paul's. The Pres- 
byterian church received a new organ by gift. 

To return for a while to the matters of the city administration : 
Mr. Fellowes, through his newspaper, continued a most unfair and 



offensive attitude toward the council, particularly toward those of 
his own party. It became evident that he was exerting influence 
against the best interests of the city. This brought about strained 
relations with the head of the administration. At the time when the 
disagreement between Mr. Fellowes and the council was at its height, 
Mayor Currie threw oil on the flames by nominating the former as 
police justice. The council did not confirm, laying the matter on the 
table. Shortly thereafter, on April 13th, Mr. Anderson presented 
his resignation as councilman from the first ward, as he had served 
the full time for which he was originally elected and did not wish 
to take advantage of the extension caused by change of the city elec- 
tion from April to November. The resignation was reluctantly ac- 
cepted on April 22nd. 

A second vacancy occurred on May 1st, through the death of 
William Scully, who had been twice elected representative in the 
council from the fourth ward. Mr. Scully for years kept one of 
Englewood's best-known blacksmith shops, more important then than 
in this horseless age. He was a man of integrity and force and, as 
councilman could not be swerved from what he felt was right. 

The vacancies were filled by the appointment of William A. 
Childs from the first ward and Edward O'Hara from the fourth 
ward. The mayor having approached the new members in the mat- 
ter of the Mr. Fellowes' nomination, the matter was taken from the 
table at the next meeting of the council. The nomination was de- 
feated by a vote of four to one, Mr. Taylor being in favor. At this 
time the city bought torn- fire horses for $850. The biggest of the 
lot was named Dan, ambiguously, for the mayor or president of the 
council. These were the first fire horses owned by the city. In July, 
the plans and specifications of Davis and Shepard for fire houses at 
Nordhoft and Highwood were accepted by the council. Charles J. 
Stagg was the successful bidder and received the contract for erecting 
the houses. During the first part of the following month, Charles J. 
Peabody resigned from the board of education on account of impend- 
ing change of residence, the board losing thereby a helpful and genial 

The organization, under the presidency of Abram De Ronde, of 
the Palisades Trust and Guaranty company, marked a long step for- 
ward in Englewood's financial life. In connection with the first assess- 
ment of the Trust company a difference arose between G. E. Miller, 
assessor, and the council, Mr. Miller having assessed the company 
at the book value of the stock. I'he council showed, from the book 



issued by the state tax board, that financial institutions should be 
placed on a percentage basis, if real estate were so placed and, fur- 
ther, that the Citizens' National bank was assessed at less than book 
value. Mr. Miller refusing to change his book, the county tax board 
was notified that the council had ordered the change. The board, 
however, refused to take cognizance of the change, which would re- 
duce the city's payment of tax to the county by some $400. The 
council had the last laugh in the matter, as months went by and the 


city had not paid its county tax. The county, needing the money, 
finally gave a receipt in full for a payment made on the council's basis. 
The matter that caused the city government, as it had the preced- 
ing administration, the most concern, was the ever-dragging extension 
of the trolley. Many meetings were held and much heated discussion 
arose over the proposal that the trolley should go west to Tenafly 
road and then north. Some residents of Tenafly road offered to give 
land for the widening of the street so that the trolley could be the 
better accommodated. Others were bitterly opposed to the extension. 
By ordinance of October 21st, the trolley was given the right to con- 
tinue north, on Dean street, to Chestnut street, then west, via Slocum 
avenue, to Tenafly road and north to the city line. The ordinance 
contained several provisions for the city's benefit, which the trolley 
officials protested against, the most important being "no increase in 
fare to the city limits." The action of the council made the strongest 



advocate of trolley extension, Timothy Ratferty, very indignant, from 
fear that the provisions would defeat the extension, declaring to Pres- 
ident Piatt that that was what the council was driving at. As a mat- 
ter of fact, Mr. Frank Ford, of the trolley company, said to Mr. 
Piatt, 'T have tried to get my directors to accept the ordinance and 
they refuse." "Fll take you at your word," said the president. "You 
wouldn't urge acceptance on your directors unless you thought the 
ordinance a fair one." On the last day for acceptance, the acceptance 

At the meeting of September .K)th, Joseph Andrews was nom- 
inated as a member of the board of education, vice Charles J. Pea- 
body, resigned on account of removal from the city. Then, before 
proceeding to one of the many trolley hearings, the council transacted 
a well-considered piece of business by unanimously rescinding, by res- 
olution, a former resolution making the Times the official newspaper. 
At the next meeting the mayor returned this resolution without ap- 
proval. The council passed the resolution over the veto, adding a 
request that the mayor, as required by law, give reasons when dis- 
approving resolutions and oi'dinances. Thus was widened a very 
pretty rift within the democracy of the city. 

An event of great significance was the dedication of Eiberty 
school on September 6th. The importance of the occasion was two- 
fold — that it marked the beginning of a movement which was to 
place the Englewood school system on a par in the matter of build- 
ing and equipment with those of Montclair, East Orange and other 
places in the state which ranked high in educational matters; and 
that it proved that co-operation, sincerity of purpose, and persistence, 
in spite of unjust criticism and misrepresentation, had won the day. 
At the simple dedication exercises, the Rev. Charles E Junkin offered 
the invocation, and the president of the board, George S. Coe, made a 
short speech, detailing the cost and arrangements of the building and 
the special features in its construction. The Junior Order of 
American Mechanics, through Arthur Mandeville, presented a large 
American flag, which was accepted by Superintendent Marcellus 
Oakev. "The Star-Spangled Banner" was sung by the school children 
and the audience, and then the Rev. J. W. Dally pronounced the 
benediction. The building was open for the inspection of the public 
on the succeeding Saturday and Sunday. 

The last word in school matters for the year was the thorough 
renovation of two stories of the Englewood house for the use of the 
children formerly cared for in the Barber house. New plumbing, 



bubble drinking-tountains, new sewer connection, and doors swung 
to open outward, were among the essential improvements. 

Other happenings of the year were the classification anci arrange- 
ment of books for the use of the school children in the city library, 
under the careful super^•ision of Miss Harriet R. Prosser. 

Among the social e\'ents were the marriage, on June 3rd, of Miss 
Sara Fairchild Piatt to Edward B. Caulkins, of Detroit, Mich., and. 


on October 25th, the wedding of Miss Constance Mary Barber and 
Seward Prosser. 

The opening of the Booth property, east of Engle street, the 
Inglis holdings, east of Jones road, and the development of the 
Hutchinson tract at South Hills added new streets, new sidewalks 
and several fine residences to the city. 

During this year Englewood lost two of its younger neighbors in 
the death of William l\E Kidder, of Highwood, and of Sheffield 
Phelps, younger son of the late William Walter Phelps. 

David L. Barrett died on April 30th. Mr. Barrett came to 
Englewood in the seventies, engaging in business as a general con- 
tractor. He laid out the grounds of the Field Club, at the birth of 
that organization, and was a valued figure in the life of the city and 
a devoted worker in St. Ceciha's church. 

On November 27th, John S. Vanderbeek died. He was the son 
of Samuel D. and Catherine Benson Vanderbeek, both of English 
Neighborhood. In the fifties, he succeeded his father and grand- 



father as landlord of the Liberty Pole Hotel, but later became a 

The November elections upset the plans of the Times faction, 
which had counted on the support of a republican councilman to be 
elected from the first ward. Mr. Anderson's advocacy of the en- 
dorsement of Councilman Childs by the republican primary won the 
day, so that Messrs. Piatt, Childs and Cooke controlled the council, 
regardless of the result in the fourth ward, which, however, turned 
out to their satisfaction. Councilman O'Hara defeating Arthur Gat- 
field. Wm. Christopher, republican, was elected from the second 
ward, defeating Jacob F. Blankenhorn, editor of the Times. Robert 
Jamieson was re-elected city clerk over F. V. Tildesley, and James 
M. Gulnac and William C. Davies were chosen freeholders. The 
last meeting of the old council was held before noon on January 1st, 
1903. Two resolutions were unanimously carried, viz.: an increase 
of $100 in the salary of the city clerk, which made the compensation 
$600, and the appointment of an inspector of the fire department at 
a salary of $100 a year. The council then adjourned without a day. 
The organization meeting at high noon resulted in the re-election 
of Mr. Piatt as president. The changes were few; Dr. Byron G. 
Van Home was appointed a member of the board of health, Irving 
Middleton was appointed health inspector, and Raymond P. Worten- 
dyke city counsel. Board of education appointments were, Joseph 
Andrews, Robert B. Taylor and Milton M. Mattison. The mayor 
was not present at this meeting and sent no annual message. George 
H. Mundorf was appointed by the council a trustee of the library, 
which was an error, the appointment belonging to the mayor. The 
board of education organized on January 10th, with Joseph Andrews 
as president, the vice-president and secretary remaining the same. 
Dr. Van Home became president and Gilliam D. Bogert secretary 
of the board of health. Later, James F. Cooke was elected president 
pro tem of the council — a new office. 

For the first time in its history, Englewood was threatened with 
a shortage in the coal supply. There was prospect of difliculty in 
heating the schools, since the full supply of fuel contracted for in 
the summer had not been delivered. Through careful management, 
the situation was met and no discomfort experienced. The board 
received some newspaper attention from the usual source, but it was 
so manifestly incorrect that the purpose was self-defeated. 

The council held its meetings without particular incident until the 
session of February 3rd, when Mayor Currie was present and renom- 



inated Frank Titus as chief of police, and John Pye as sergeant, 
which nominations were duly confirmed. The nomination of library 
trustee was brought to the mayor's attention, but his honor merely 
replied he would think it over and, after stating that his message 
was ready, terminated his brief visit. Mayor Currie presented his 
annual message in March. Its chief constructive feature was the pro- 
posal for a dairy commission, the quality of milk purveyed in the 
city not being good. At the April meeting. Booth avenue and the 


SERGEANT (latci' Chief) .JOHN J. PYE 

extension of Lydecker street were both accepted. By resolution, ser- 
vice stripes for the police were ordered. An ordinance was drawn 
and put on first reading fixing the salary of the mayor at $200 as 
long as he acted as police justice. On May 19th, the mayor sent to 
the council the appointment of Ernest T. F'ellowes as library trustee. 
As this was a personal appointment, no action on the same was neces- 
sary, though it was resented by the council as a reversal of the policy 
to give equal recognition to both sides of the city, and also was dis- 
pleasing on account of the attacks made on the members of the council 
by the Englewood Times, Mr. Fellowes' oflicial organ. The feeling 
thus aroused manifested itself later in very forceful manner. Trolley 
matters came up again in July, when the representative of the traction 
company was lavish with evasive explanation and futile promise. The 



mayor at this time ordered the enforcement of the Sunday closing 
of all saloons, restricting hotels to serving meals only. The school 
budget was presented in July, totaling s43,612, of which $33,000 
came from the citv. The board received new blood during the year 
through the appointment of William Dulles, Jr., in succession to 
Robert B. Taylor, resigned. 

In February, fire company 4, on the hill, organized with St. 
George Barber as president, Theodore Childs, vice-president, Regi- 
nald Halliday as secretary and INFalcolm Mackay as treasurer. 
William Baldwin was chosen foreman and Stuart Eakin assistant 
foreman. The company had twenty members and, in April, cele- 
brated the installation of a hose reel on the property of E. P. Coe, 
east of W^oodland street and north of Palisade avenue, by having a 
grand parade with open-air speaking and a collation. The Nordhoff 
company, with Peter Spindler at its head, and Highwood, Avith 
Thomas Curry in the van, joined in the parade. Fire Chief Jacob 
Ullrich and three councilmen were in evidence. Another parade 
occurred in June, when the new fire house at Highwood (number 2) 
was formally opened. 

A milestone in the history of the hospital was reached in May, 
when Mrs. Clinton H. Blake withdrew from the presidency, after 
completing ten years in that position. Her retirement recalled the 
great portion of the work for the hospital that had been done by 
the women of Englewood. Mrs. Blake had Mrs. Homans as prede- 
cessor and had been aided in her efforts by Mrs. Emma Osgood 
Shinn, Mrs. C. B. Piatt, Miss C. AL Gerrish and Mrs. Janet Wells. 
The board of go\'ernors, in memory of Mrs. Blake's work, presented 
to the hospital a bookcase, suitably inscribed, with one hundred books 
for the use of nurses and patients. Mr. H. P. Davison was elected 
president. Later in the year, under new by-laws, an advisory com- 
mittee of fifteen men ^^'as appointed. The operating expenses for 
the coming year were estimated at $14,000 and the current deficit 
at $2,000. 

Storm waters had from time to time caused great damage to the 
citv streets. In November, the council appointed a committee of 
thirty citizens to act in an advisory capacity on the Installation of a 
sub-surface drainage system. Many meetings were held and the plan 
of Allen Hazen, engineer to the committee, was adopted. The plan, 
however, has never been carried out in its entirety. November also 
saw the destruction by fire of Mr. W. O. Allison's house on the 



clifis. A regrettable feature was the loss of valuable manuscripts, 
having to do with early local history. 

We pause here to note those whom 1903 took away in full meas- 
ure from the thinning ranks of Englewood's earlier citizens. On 
January 30th, Mrs. Frank B. Nichols, born Fanny Duryee, passed 
away; a prominent figure in the social and musical circles of Engle- 
wood in the early seventies. 

In Conrad N. Jordan, Englewood lost a prominent man on Feb- 
ruary 26th. Mr. Jordan had been for long well known as a banker 
when, in 1893, President Cleveland inade him treasurer of the United 
States. Presidents McKinley and Roosevelt honored him by reap- 
pointments to the same office. 

Peter Westervelt Van Brunt, son of John, died on April 14th, in 
his sixty-second year. Fie was a Civil war veteran of the 22nd Regi- 
ment of the New York State Militia, receiving a wound in the hand. 

In the death, on May 16th, of Helen Lansing DeWitt, wife of 
Rev. Ashbel G. Vermilye, Englewood suffered the loss of one whose 
wit, social qualities, and generous giving of her time and strength 
to others, had endeared her to many. 

Herbert B. Turner, who had always taken a keen interest in what 
was going on in Englewood, died on July 8th, in his sixty-eighth year. 
Mr. Turner was a graduate of Columbia and of the Albany Law 
School, later becoming an authority on corporation law. He came 
to Englewood about 1865, living first at the Englewood Hotel. 
Later, he built the present home on Walnut street. He was away 
from Englewood during the period 1874-1881. He was a long-time 
member of St. Paul's church, in which he served as a vestryman. 

Charles B. Piatt died on November 11th, after a long illness, in 
his sixty-eighth year. Mr. Piatt came to Englewood in 1873, bring- 
ing with him the future mayor, at that time three months old. At 
first in the leather business in the "swamp," as junior partner to Aaron 
Healy, he later headed the firm of Piatt and Woodward, pioneers 
in the commercial paper business in New York. From the founding 
of the Citizens" National Bank until his death, Mr. Piatt was vice- 
president of that organization. 

Daniel G. Bogert died December 20th, at the age of seventy-eight. 
He was assessor of Hackensack township for seventeen years and, 
later, of Englewood township. He was also a census enumerator for 
the national government and a charter member of the Protection 

From those who had played their part in years gone by, we return 


Till', BOOK OK I'.NCilJ'AVOOl) 

to the men in the vigor of Hie wlio wei'e carrying on this same \ear. 
The time for expression of the future administration ol aflairs came 
in September, with its primary election. Dr. Ciirrie was defeated in 
the primary contest, only Piatt delegates being chosen tor the demo- 
cratic city convention. 

At the election in November, Dan l^'ellows l*latt was elected 
mayor by 163 votes over Samuel J. Topping, and James A. C John- 
son won over (ieorge K. Dutton by 130 \'otcs in the contest lor 
councilman-at-large. The two losers were at the disadvantage ol 
having to run on "pasters," the republican city conxention ha\ing 
refused to make any nominations. 


[ 220] 




HE Council chamber was filled with a representative gather- 
ing on New Year's day, 1904, when the members of the 
new administration filed in at noon. The Council organized 
by the election of James A. C. Johnson as president, a fact 
immediately recorded bv "Bob" Jamieson as he opened a new chapter 
in his minutes. Mayor Piatt nominated William M. Seufert as police 
justice and the nomination was promptly confirmed. It was proven 
then and verified later that the mayor and council, contrary to some 
recent history, could work harmoniously. This may have been due, in 
part, to the fact that the mayor had been a councilman, and had a 
councilman's slant on city problems. The only other appointment at 
this session Avas that of Edward J. Sheridan to the board of health in 
place of John A. Voght. There was no change among the other 
officials, and appointments to the board of education were laid over 
to a later meeting. On Februarv 2nd, Miss Sterling having declined 
a renomination, Edward De Witt and Charles Brucker were ap- 
pointed members of the board of education, the former for two years 
and the latter for one year, the board organizing with Joseph An- 
drews as president and Charles J. Bates, vice-president. 

Water and electric light and fire were the first matters which 
called for attention. The M'ater part was the drainage question, 
mooted in the preceding administration. The drainage commission 
desired the service of an expert engineer to pass upon drainage plans. 
Messrs. Johnson, Childs, Cooke and O'Hara were appointed a com- 
mittee to confer with a committee from the commission comprising 
Messrs. Payne, Baylis, White and Dr. Currie. The electric light 
feature AAas a dispute over a bill rendered the city for electric light- 
ing. In the latter part of 1903, the electric plant, at Hackensack, 
supplying street lighting to Englewood, burned and was out of com- 
mission for three months. The company proposed to rebate the city 
$2,500, being one-fourth of the annual charge of $10,000. The 
mayor, however, insisted that the contract called for so many light- 
hours per year, from an hour after sunset to an hour before sunrise, 


and that the lights had failed when the nights were longest. 'l"he 
city saved about $500 when it refused to pay any bill until an amend- 
ment had been made according to the almanac. The tire question 
was economy of administration in the city fire companies. 

In the early part of the year, a family quarrel was in continuance 
among the local republicans. The storm centre was the postmaster- 
ship. The incumbent, James Harris, had been sufKciently stalwart in 
his republican faith to be elected nine times as township committee- 
man. Possibly if Englewood had not incorporated as a city, Mr. 
Harris might hiwe run the score up to tweh'C terms, without any 
detriment to the township. But in that respect, incorporation proveti 
the rock ahead. Through proper backing, Mr. Harris was commis- 
sioned postmaster under the first McKinley administration. The job 
suited him and Mr. Harris naturally desired reappointment. 'Hie fl\' 
in the ointment was a deserving republican with stronger political 
backing. Idiere was a flimsy charge brcnight against Mr. 1 lari"is 
which resoh'ed itself into a technical ilereliction t)f a subonhnate 
tluring the previous year, which really had nothing to do \v\t\\ the 
case. The proper proceeding according to till accepted political usage, 
would have been graceful retirement "wlien a strong hint Avas giNcn 
by a stronger faction. The upshot of the matter M-as tiie appointment 
of Charles D. Stainton, on March 12th, bv President Roosevelt, and 
the confirmation of the same by tlie Senate. Mr. Stainton forthwith 
provided for the remo\'al of the post ofHce to tlie Banks building 
on Palisade a^•enue, niaile many improvements in the arrangements 
of the office, which contributed to the convenience ol the public and 
better working facilities for the employees. Mr. Harris now ga\-e 
his whole attention to jiis painting business and continuei.1 in the 
esteem of the community. 

About the time that the board of education held its spring meet- 
ing, Ralph R. Brinkerhoff, an old resident, dietl in his seventy-fourth 
year. Born on a farm on the Schraalenhurgh road, he was one of the 
boys who got his first schooling in the old stone tiistrict school house, 
then standing in the vicinity of the Liberty Pole tavern. There was 
no complication about the school system in the day of that old scliool ; 
one teacher taught all the subjects of a limited course. 

In sharp contrast and marking eilucational advance, the new boainl 
of 1904 had under consitleration the welfare of fi\e schools aiul their 
many teachers. Superintendent Oakey resigned in Mai-ch and a 
month later his place was filled by Dr. I'dmer C. Sherman, a gratl- 
uate of Hamilton college, class of 1888 (Ph.D., I'niv. of N. Y., 

[ 222 ] 


1892), who had been supervising principal at South Orange and 
county superintendent in Essex county. Later in the year another 
official was added to the board's personnel, Dr. F. C. Bradner becom- 
ing the first medical inspector for the schools, at a salary of $300. 
At the same time the board of school estimate presented the budget 
for the ensuing year, which was fixed at $46,499.27, of which sum 


$35,145 came from the city and the remainder, $11,354.27, from 
the state appropriation. 

An instance of growth in school feeling was the formation, on 
June 4th, of the High School Alumni Association, with the following 
officers: president, Percy Christie, vice-president. Miss Mary John- 
son, secretary. Miss Harriet Westervelt, treasurer, E. Howard Fos- 
ter. A reunion banquet of sixty-five covers was held at the Liberty 
school on June 15th, at which the speakers were Dr. Valentine Ruch, 
Jr., '93, Miss M. Barbara Blankenhorn, '87, Miss Mary Johnson, 

[ 223 ] 


'87, Mrs. Haslam, '88, and Miss Annie Scott, '04. The seal of 
approbation was finally placed on the schools at a debate in the 
West Side church, held by the literary society of the congregation. 
The subject was, "Resolved — that public schools are of more benefit 
than churches to the general public." The pastor, the Rev. Charles 
I. Junkin, led in the affirmative, and that ^-iew of the question won 
on its merits. 

The two prominent institutions of the city, the library and the 
hospital, made their annual reports in the spring. The report of the 
former showed a small deficit. Donald Mackay, treasurer of the 
library board, appeared before the council and asked for additional 
support of an institution of so much public interest and usefulness. 
By law, one-third of a mill on assessed valuation was the mandatory 
appropriation for a public library, but discretionary power was lodged 
in the governing body of the municipality to grant an additional 
one-sixth of a mill. The council took the matter under consideration. 
Later, Morse Burtis was appointed by the mayor as a trustee, suc- 
ceeding Mr. Blake. This caused some comment, as Mr. Blake had 
long been interested in the library. The mayor said his purpose was 
to give more adequate recognition to the western part of the city — 
something that had been neglected when the original appointments 
were made. 

Under the new regime, the hospital reported the creation of the 
office of superintendent, with Miss Bertha G. Russell as the first 
appointee, also arrangement for an intern or resident physician, ap- 
pointed by the medical board. Many generous gifts were made to 
the institution during the year, such as the Avinter's supply of coal, 
additional electrical installment, and the furnishing of the pathological 
department. There was a balance of ."Sl, 75 1.88 in the treasury, which 
was supplemented later by $3,500, raised through the annual fair. 

Good dogs, that is dogs of pedigree, began to have their day this 
year, through the removal of the official dog-catcher. The discrimina- 
tion shown by that individual in the vigorous pursuit of dogs that had 
a high ransom value, while the canine brothers of lowly degree 
roamed at will, brought its own retribution in the loss of a profitable 
occupation. Another phase of the dog question is noted in the for- 
mation of the Kennel club, with B. S. Smith as president, Mrs. D. W. 
Evans, vice-president, Myron W. Robinson, secretary and treasurer. 
Others prominently interested were Mrs. Frank Enos and Mrs. 
J. A. C. Johnson. The first bench show took place at the armory 
on September 10th. 



The council during the year received many requests, among them 
petitions from the \A'oman"s club, for the more frequent sprinkling 
of the streets, also for the placing of \^'aste cans on street corners 
as an inducement to the public to aid in keeping the streets free from 
the trash that the heedless spread broadcast. Records give no ade- 
quate report of the educational success of the latter proposition. The 
trollev extension question took a fresh start when the franchise ex- 



pired on Julv 6th. The newspapers gave seemingly too much prom- 
inence to the matter. It must be remembered, however, how eagerly 
certain outlying districts to the west and north were looking for such 
a convenient improvement. Automobiles were as yet a luxury and 
the genus Ford had not yet arrived. During 1904, the trolley was built 
as far as Chestnut street and then stopped. No satisfactory arrange- 
ment, either financial or physical, could be come to with the Erie, as 
to a crossing, and so the matter dragged. The trolley people were 
in no hurry, as thev were then double-tracking the line from the ferry 
to Leonia junction and had their hands full. Discussion in the coun- 
cil went so far as to demand the tearing-up of the tracks built under 
the ordinance and the suing to recover s5,000 under the bond put 
up by the company. A later day has provided a different solution than 

'[ 22i ] 


crossing the railroad, disappointing, no doubt, many of our friends 
toward Bergenfield. 

The council and board of education held a conference in which 
school conditions were discussed. The board showed that the hotel 
building, used as an emergency school, was wholly unsuited for per- 
manent occupation and was a constant expense in the way of repairs. 
Increase in attendance would before long force the high school out 
of its present quarters in Liberty school. The proposition was made 
to the council that a building similar in size to Liberty school be 
erected on the Engle street site to cost, roughly speaking, between 
$50,000 and $60,000, the city to issue bonds on its then borrowing 
capacity of about $77,000. The opinion of the council was reserved 
until the matter was presented formally. 

The November election resulted in Kir. O'Hara's being returned 
to the council without opposition. Mr. Cooke also won by two votes 
over Joseph Gilbert, with a rather spectacular climax to the vote- 
counting, Mr. Gilbert leading until the final four ballots. Congress- 
man Hughes carried Englewood by 47 votes, while in the national 
election Roosevelt reversed the verdict by defeating Parker by 85 

Heading the roll of those who passed away in 1904 is the name 
of Charles Henry Booth, of Dwight place, whose death occurred on 
May 29th. Mr. Booth was born in New York city, September 13th, 
1803, and at the time of his passing was well along in his one hun- 
dred and first year. It is interesting to note that Mr. Booth held 
policy number twenty-two in the Mutual Life Insurance Company, 
taken out when he was starting in his business life. 

James Lydecker, a descendant of Captain Garret Lydecker, of 
the Bergen County militia in the Revolutionary war, died on Sep- 
tember 1st. He was the son of Garret J. Lydecker and Sarah Ryer, 
and was born on his father's farm on January 15, 1822. He was a 
pioneer in railroading and one of the first conductors on the "North- 
ern." He served, during the Civil war, as conductor on troop trains. 
His children, still surviving, are John Lydecker, of Chester place, 
and Mrs. Margaret Brown. 

J. Wyman Jones, with whom our history has had to deal so fre- 
quently, died at the Hotel Grosvenor, New York, on October 27th, 
at the age of 82. He married Harriet Dwight Dana, of Utica, who 
died in 1886. At a later date he married Mrs. Salome Hanna 
Chapin, sister of Senator Mark Hanna. Mr. Jones was interested 
in the St. Joseph Lead company, of which he was president at the 

[ 226] 


time of his death. Mr. Jones' funeral took place from his Engle- 
wood home and interment was in Brookside cemetery. 

Englewood lost a sturdy citizen on December 6th, when William 
Blaikie passed away, aged 71. Mr. Blaikie was prominent at the bar, 
having been connected with the famous Fayerweather will case for 
thirteen years anci serving as assistant U. S. district attorney. Mr. 
Blaikie was captain of the football team of the Boston Latin school. 
His interest in athletics, begun thus early, continued throughout his 


life. At Harvard he stroked a varsity crew that defeated Yale. He 
later trained and accompanied a Harvard crew that went to England 
and rowed Oxford. In 1873, through his advocacy, the annual inter- 
collegiate track games were founded. Mr. Blaikie wrote and spoke 
much on athletics. His best known book was "How to Get Strong 
and How to Stay So." 

The initial council meeting of 1905 found Mr. Johnson reelected 
as president and Mr. Cooke elected as president pro tem, to serve 
in the absence of the chair. Mr. Birtwhistle was reappointed street 
commissioner, resigning later to be succeeded by Cornelius Sweeney. 
Mr. Cass, city engineer, died during the year and was succeeded by 
Watson G. Clark, of Tenafly. Mr. Brucker asked to be relieved 
as member of the board of education, and Wilham Tierney, Jr., suc- 
ceeded him. During the year. Mayor Piatt appointed Joseph Thom- 

[ 227 ] 


son, in place of the late E. B. Convers, and reappointed Mr. Brinck- 
erholi: as trustees of the library. 

Early in the year, in an endeavor to obtain a site for the future 
city hall, the mayor and councilman Christopher purchased from 
Colonel H. W. Banks the old post-office building on Palisade avenue, 
the site where Englewood's city hall is now being built. The contract 
was, for the time, a personal matter, the understanding being that 


the city could take the property without profit. The price was $12,000. 
There was a great deal of discussion of the subject, Mr. Mackay 
preferring a building on the Engle street school property, while good 
"west siders" were for the site on their side of the city. The upshot 
of the matter was that the mayor took title in his own name and 
announced that, if the city wanted the property it would have to 
■\'ote for it. The question was decided in November by the small 
favoring majority of seventeen votes. Bonds were issued later 
($16,000, thirty year, 4j/. per cent, sold at 104) Avhich covered the 
property, repairs, and additions necessary for occupancy by the coun- 
cil. It seemed a jest of fate that, in 1921, Mr. Piatt should be 
found fighting so hard against the same site as the place for the new 
city hall. Councilman Christopher did a deal of work in relation 

[ 228 ] 


to the changes in the building and took criticism in the matter very- 
much to heart, to the detriment of his health, as it proved. 

During the year the city purchased, for $2,500, its first steam 
roller. Criticism was also active against this action, with less justi- 
fication. Surely, time has pro^'en the step to have been in the line 
of progress. 

The school board, convening under Mr. Andrews' presidency, 
also had a fight on its hands in the building of the Franklin school, 


so called in memory of one of America's greatest men, with whose 
second centenary its opening would coincide. The council had agreed 
upon a bond issue of $75,000 for the school. When bids upon the 
plans of the architects, Taylor and Mosley, were opened, it was found 
that $90,000 would be needed to build and furnish the school. After 
a great deal of discussion by the public and the press, the council 
granted the additional sum, the increase in school registration for 
the year (11 per cent) showing the folly of trying to change the 
plans and erect a smaller building. During the year the board inau- 
gurated an evening school for those, over fourteen, not in the day 
schools, the first week's attendance running to ninety-four. At this 
time the truancy law was given better enforcement than in the past. 
Another matter causing great discussion was that of liquor licenses 
and Sunday closing. The Civic League took issue with the mayor 
on the latter subject at a very lively meeting in the council chambers 

[ 229 ] 


in Mackay hall. The league's attitude was, "enforce the law." Mayor 
Piatt stated that he wanted to cut down drunkenness and that Judge 
Seufert's plan, whereby those convicted of drunkenness had the option 
of going to jail or going on the list of those to whom Englewood bar- 
keepers could not sell, was working admirably. Whenever there was 
a lapse, things were shut tight, guilty and innocent sharing alike. 
This had made the holders of licenses mentors, each of the other. 
F\u-ther, the golf club's bar was open, beyond the city line, on Sunday. 
To create a grievance for the poor man, who had no club, was not 
desirable. The mayor was much criticized for this attitude, but it 
may be said that, within eleven months after a different policy was 
inaugurated, the police records show the doubling of arrests for 
drunkenness, under the same chief of police acting under identical 
orders as to making arrests. The parties to the discussion agreed to 
disagree when the Civic League committee refused, as members of 
the golf club, the request of the mayor that they petition their board 
of governors to close the club bar on Sunday. 

The hospital showed the result of good management in its annual 
report; receipts were $20,330.92, expenditures, $18,928, leaving a 
balance of $1,402.92. The institution was meeting increasing de- 
mands as the months went on. Daisy Fields also reported a good 
year, but had been obliged to accept with regret the resignation of 
Mrs. Herbert B. Turner, who had been at the head of this splendid 
work from its very organization. Mrs. Richard Prosser became 
Mrs. Turner's successor. 

Continued illness ha\'ing caused the resignation of the Rev. Mr. 
Flichtner, the Rev. Eloward Chandler Robbins was called to St. 
Paul's and entered upon his rectorship on June 1st. Mr. Robbins 
was a Philadelphian by birth, graduated from Yale, class of '99, and 
from the Harvard Divinity school in 1903. He was curate of St. 
Peter's, Morristown, soon after finishing his Harvard course, and 
was ordained priest in 1904. 

The Englewood club bought its present home on Palisade avenue 
from the Homans estate in September, issuing club bonds therefor, 
purchased by club members, in the sum of $25,000. This was a great 
advance on the quarters in the Lyceum and meant new growth for the 

In the early part of the year, the controlling stock of the Bergen 
County Gas and Electric Light company M^as bought by the Fidelity 
Trust company, of Newark, which in turn was controlled by the Pru- 
dential Life Insurance company. There were rumors rife that the 

[ 230 ] 


Hudson River Railway and Ferry company had also passed into the 
hands of the latter corporation. Whether or not true at the time, 
something affected the epistolary style of both vice-president Ford 
and treasurer Barrows of the trolley directorate, and also their man- 
ner of discourse. Letters were written which led nowhere, and, after 
a conference, the net result was "nothing explained, nothing said, 
nothing done" to the intense wrath of councilman Cooke and the per- 
turbation of Timothy Rafferty, who, seeing no prospect of demand 



for certain choice building lots, kept up a running soliloquy durmg 
Mr. Cooke's more heartfelt utterances. 

The year was at November again; Donald Mackay was elected 
mayor over James A. C. Johnson by 196 majority, and Joseph Thom- 
son won as councilman-at-large over William A. Childs by 332 ma- 
jority. Mayor Piatt had refused to be considered for re-election and 
had sailed for Europe in September. The election brought two new 
and valuable workers to the council, Henry C. Watson being nom- 
inated by the first ward republican primary, the democrats endorsing 
the action, and Robert N. Baylis, republican, winning over John L. 
Weeks in the second ward. Louis S. Coe and James M. Gulnac 
were elected to represent Englewood in the board of freeholders. 



Englewood lost greatl)' in 1905 through the deaths of citizens 
who could ill be spared. February 5th took away Col. Henry W. 
Banks, who had been born in Westport, Conn., eighty-one years be- 
fore. Colonel Banks "\^'as senior elder in the Presbyterian church 
and a director in the Citizens' National bank from its foundation. 
He was a big man in every sense of the word and left a vacancy that 
could not be filled. 

The following month (March 9th) death claimed E. B. Convers, 
who had come to Englewood in 1872. A graduate of Yale and the 
Columbia Law school, he devoted himself prominently to admiralty 
practice, having many foreign clients. Mr. Convers Avas interested In 
everything that looked toward the benefit of Englewood, being active 
in the Improvement Association, a director of the bank, a trustee of 
the library and for thirty years a vestryman of St. Paul's. 

Dr. Ashbel G. Vermilye died on July 9th at his home on Palisade 
avenue, aged 83. He went to Williams and to New York LTniversity, 
graduating at the early age of eighteen and then studying for the 
Presbyterian ministry at New Brunswick. His early charges included 
Little Falls, Newburyport, Utica, Schenectady and Orange. He mar- 
ried Helen Lansing De Witt and took up his residence In Englewood, 
retiring from active service in the ministry. 

The Reverend George Fredrick Fllchtner died on July 25th, in his 
59th year, at Ipswich, Mass. For some time editor of The Church- 
man, he came to Englewood in 1888 and gave sixteen years' devoted 
service to St. Paul's. His struggle not to surrender in face of grow- 
ing physical weakness had won the sympathy of all who knew him. 

Englewood lost another beloved clergyman when Father Theo- 
dore J. McDonald, of St. Cecilia's, passed away on August 10th. 
Universally known as 'Tather Mac," he was beloved by his parish- 
ioners. His sincerity and geniality endeared him to the community. 
Father McDonald had just completed his seventy-first year. 

Dr. D. A. Baldwin, who had been a practicing physician In Engle- 
wood for thirty-five years, died on August Uth, aged seventy-nine. 
Dr. Baldwin was a quiet, unassertive man, but those who knew him 
well felt for him both afl;ection and respect. 

William Asbury Burdett entered into rest on October 30th. He 
was a resident of Englewood for thirty years and devoted himself 
to St. Paul's parish work. He was for years a lay reader. His work 
In founding the mission of St. John at Nordhoff finds mention else- 
where in this history. A tablet has been placed In St. Paul's in com- 
memoration of his worth and service. 

[ 232 ] 


Charles W. Valentine, one of Englewood's earliest and best known 
merchants, died at his home on August 5th, in his seventy-first year. 
In 1867 he ran unopposed for the office of justice of the peace — an 
office to which he did credit. 

Death took one of the younger generation on November 30th, 
when Willard Cass, city engineer, passed away. Mr. Cass was born 
in Teaneck in 1860, son of Alexander ("Squire") Cass. He received 
his professional training from his father and under the tutelage of 
J. H. Serviss. Outsicie of engineering, he was expert in photography, 
was a skilled violinist, and greatly interested in botany and geology. 
The city council passed suitable resolutions of appreciation of a faith- 
ful official. 


[ 233 ] 





HE outgoing council held its last meeting at eleven o'clock 
on New Year's morning and adopted appropriate resolu- 
tions on the death of Willard Cass, formerly city engineer. 
A message was read from Mayor Piatt, sent from abroad, 
expressing his thanks for the co-operation of his associates during his 
administration, and also his best wishes to the incoming mayor and 
council. As a mark of appreciation, an ivory gavel was presented to 
acting mayor James A. C. Johnson, by his fellow councilmen. Then, 
at noon, place was made for the newly elected administration, of which 
councilmen Cooke and O'Hara, holding over, were the minority 
members. Mr. Cooke nominated Robert N. Baylis for president, 
which resulted in unanimous election, and everything was harmonious. 
Henry C. Watson was chosen president pro tem. 

The council's appointments were: James Hallahan, collector; 
George H. Payson, treasurer; George R. Dutton, counsel; Charles 
H. Eckerson, engineer; Joseph H. Garrison, street commissioner, 
with Cornelius Sweeney as assistant. Thomas J. Huckin was named 
as police justice. The new members of the board of health were 
William C. Tucker, Dr. Robert A. Sheppard, Charles T. Watson, 
with Gilliam D. Bogert, retained. Messrs. Bates, Tierney and De 
Witt were reappointed to the board of education. Frank Titus and 
John J. Pye were reappointed chief and sergeant of the police force. 
The trusteeship of the tri-township poorhouse was given to Mr. 

At the first meeting of the council on January 2nd, the resignation 
of Donald Mackay as library trustee was presented, his position as 
mayor making him, ex-officio, a member of the board. The resigna- 
tion of Ernest T. Fellowes from the board was also accepted. There- 
upon the mayor appointed Clinton H. Blake and William L. Pierce 
to fill the two vacancies. In view of some newspaper criticism, it was 
directed that the accounts of the former treasurer and of the board 
of health be audited by a professional accountant. This was supple- 
mented by including an audit of the accounts of the board of education 


by a committee of the council. James C. Thomson, of Highwood, 
now of upper jNIontclair, an expert accountant, and Messrs. Watson, 
Bavlis and Cooke performed the required service. Reports made 
subsequently showed everything in perfect order and criticism un- 
warranted. The bookkeeping method of the board of education was 
pronounced a model of etiiciencv. The committee added the state- 
ment that the president and secretary of the board were ready, upon 
proper request, to furnish information to citizens. 

The council took title to the city hall in the early part of the 
year, the bond issue of i 16,000, authorized at the election of Novem- 
ber 5, 1905, having found a purchaser without difficulty. After all 
the discussions, the officials found themselves comfortably housed 
and appreciated the convenience of all departments under one roof. 

Dry Sunday, January 28th, gave an indication of the administra- 
tion's views on the liquor question. Se\'eral days in advance the 
mayor sent, to all concerned, a circular calling attention to the ordi- 
nances governing hotels and saloons in accordance with state law, 
and the penalties attached to violation of the same. The police were 
directed to see that the mayor's orders were carried out. General 
compliance was gi\-en the order. When the time for the renewal 
or granting of licenses came round it was found that drastic change 
in the manner of handling applications was made. The price of a 
license was raised from $150 to $500 and no "saloon" licenses were 
granted. The "saloon ' differed from an "inn and tavern" in that it 
had no sleeping quarters for guests and was not permitted to sell 
strong drinks. The council held that the increased fee could not be 
paid honestly by those who had no permit to sell whiskey, the major 
profit being in that drink. The granting of a saloon license would 
thus put a premium on the breaking of the law. Needless to say, the 
refusal of licenses and the putting out of business of five saloon pro- 
prietors, caused much remonstrance. Mr. William Dulles, at the 
head of the committee urging the action, raised a fund for aiding any 
distressed saloon keeper. The saloons were closed tight on Sundays. 
The immediate result was not what the committee had hoped for. 
Illegitimate and hidden sources of liquor sprang up, with which the 
police were unable to cope adequately. 

In order that there should be no discrimination in the application 
of the license requirements, the mayor communicated directly with 
the presidents of the Englewood club and the Golf club concerning 
the excise question. The Court of Common Pleas had jurisdiction 
over the issue of licenses to social clubs. Both organizations met 

[ 236 ] 


the situation as promptly as possible, the Englewood club taking out 
both a county and government license, the Golf club first incorporat- 
ing and then taking out a county license. 

While clubs seemed to be a topic of interest, councilman Watson 
suggested, in June, the formation of a "city welfare club" and pro- 


posed that president Baylis name a committee to organize such a 
club. The idea appeared to "take" and Mr. Bayhs appointed Messrs. 
Piatt, Dulles, Andrews, WiUiarn Tierney, Jr., E. T. Fisher, D. F. 
Sweeney and Floyd R. DuBois, who forthwith came together and 
organized "the city club," which for a number of years aided mate- 
rially in the development of the city, perhaps more on the moral side 
than on the physical, though the club will get the credit that will 
eventually be given for the carrying out of the idea of a public park 
at the station, on both sides of the track. Mr. Tierney became the 
president of the club, George B. Case vice-president and D. F. 

[237 ] 


Sweeney secretary and treasurer. At the first meeting, representatives 
of the Borough club of Tenafly v^-ere present, to tell what had been 
accomplished in their town, A. C. Willis and J. Spencer Smith giving 
advice and encouragement. 

The Hospital association uttered a plaint in May when its report 
was made which showed a deficit of $1 1,600. It was shown that two- 
thirds of this amount was the cost of caring for ward patients resi- 
dent in Englewood. In view of the service rendered to the city by 
the hospital, the request was macie to the council that the full appro- 
priation authorized by law, about $6,500, be appropriated annually 
to the hospital. This was referred to the finance committee for con- 
sideration and recommendation. Grateful mention was made by the 
association of a new ambulance, the gift of Mrs. Donald Mackay. 
To e^'ery one's regret, George P. Payson terminated at this time his 
long service as treasurer. 

The control of the fire department was a matter considered and 
settled by the council this year. The volunteer force had hitherto 
elected its own officers, much as club officers would have been elected, 
on the ground of popularity. The members of the department were 
"exempt firemen," in that they were exempted from taxation on an 
assessed valuation of $500. About this time the state courts held 
that this exemption was unconstitutional. To offset the decision, 
Englewood took the course of many other municipalities, turning the 
force into a paid force at a salary of twelve dollars a year, approx- 
imately equal to the amount previously exempted. The salary was 
paid those having an attendance percentage of fifty or better. The 
council felt that a "paid" force should be more subject to supervision 
and put through an ordinance that causeci a ruction among the fire- 
men, providing that the chief officer of the department and the fore- 
men and assistant foremen should be appointed by the council. The 
fire associations could make their own rules, but these must be ap- 
proved by the council. The number of members was limited, number 
one to thirty and the other companies to fifteen each. No men were 
to be dropped, but no new members could join in excess of these 

On August 26th of this year, the council lost a valuable member 
by the death of councilman Edward O'Hara, who passed away in 
his 66th year. He was a veteran of the Civil war, a member of the 
79th regiment, New York Volunteers. He captured a Confederate 
flag in the battle of the Wilderness, May 5, 1864, and was wounded 
on the second day of the battle. Mr. O'Hara was a long-time resi- 

[238 ] 


dent and business man of Englewood. On the death of councilman 
Scully he was appointed to the council to fill the vacancy, and was 
twice thereafter elected to the city's governing bociy, the second time 
without opposition. William Conklin was appointed member of the 
council from the fourth ward, for the remainder of the year. 

In the latter part of the year, the mayor communicated a prop- 
osition made to the Erie railroad, to lease to the city the land owned 
by the company on the east of the track, known familiarly as depot 


park. The compensation proposed was the amount assessed or the 
amount in future to be assessed on this particular piece of land. The 
matter was laid over for future consideration. Mr. Mackay also 
announced the completion of the extension to the library which pro- 
vided a children's room. 

Since the date of incorporation, no administration had been com- 
plete without several trolley conferences or hearings at stated inter- 
vals. The present administration, in its first year, received a com- 
munication from a militant source, reminding the council that "it 
was time to come to some kind of an agreement about the extension 
of the line." To councilman Watson was assigned the job of meet- 
ing the trolley officials and propounding again the oft-repeated ques- 
tion. The answer had the famihar ring — "no immediate prospect of 
extension owing to difficulty in crossing the Erie railroad." This was 

[ 239 ] 


said with all the conviction belonging to a new and original propo- 
sition. Adjournment followed to some time in the sweet but indef- 
inite future. 

There were some things accomplished this year in which Engle- 
wGod was interested and from which the city tierived benefit. One 
such accomplishment was the opening of the new filter plant of the 
Hackensack Water company. Boards of health from Englewood 
and other towns were in force at the opening. Belonging in the same 
category was mayor Mackay's Christmas present to the city of a 
large tract in the fourth ward to be used as a city park. This was 
accepted with an unanimous vote of thanks by the council on behalf 
of the city; the resolution carried with it the naming of the city's 
first playground "Mackay Park." The mayor later added adjacent 
property to his gift, and also provided for laying out the park, grad- 
ing, lawn-making and tree-planting. 

During the summer season, Englewood prospered athletically, 
the Field club winning the championship of the amateur baseball 
league under the captaincv of "Tommy" Cuming, for the third suc- 
cessive year, losing only one game and that in ten innings. Another 
championship was won by two Englewood women, Mrs. T. S. Coe 
and Mrs. D. F. Piatt defeating all comers in the women's tennis dou- 
bles at the national championships in Philadelphia. 

Something new during the year was the purchase and occupancy 
of Helicon Hall, on Woodland street, by about sixty-two colonists, 
some in family groups and others unattached, but all of some kind 
of artistic or professional calling, with Upton Sinclair of "The 
Jungle" fame as the governing genius. The "Hall" had already 
attracted attention in its first career as an educational institution, 
conducted on unique principles, with a setting of composite char- 
acter. When the building was destroyed by fire in the early spring 
of 1907, the inmates barely escaping with their lives, Englewood 
Avas largely featured in the metropolitan press, an attention the city 
could well have done without. 

In religious circles, October of this year was marked by the ded- 
ication of the West Side Presbyterian church. The building, then 
known as Dwight chapel, originally stood on the corner of Palisade 
avenue and William street. It was later moved to the present site 
and used first as a chapel and then as the West Side church under 
the pastorate of the Rev. Charles I. Junkin. It had been greatly 
enlarged and improved, and was now under the charge of the Rev. 
Charles Ellis Smith. At the dedication service, the Rev. Dr. Ham- 



ilton and Mr. Thomas B. Kerr assisted, the pastor preaching the 
sermon. Mr. Kerr and Messrs. F. Murray Olyphant and Louis V. 
Davison were the prime factors in establishing, years before, the 
Sunday school held in the Kursteiner school-house, of which the West 
Side church and its flourishing congregation were the outgrowth. 

This same year is to be remembered as that in which the Rev. 
Father Dionysius Best came to St. Cecilia's, taking the place left 
vacant by the transfer of Father A. E. Murphy to another field 
of labor. 

The school budget for the year called for a total of $51,961, 
an increase of about three thousand dollars. The board of education 


seemed to have trouble in securing and retaining satisfactory instruc- 
tors, anent which appeared a letter from Miss Sterling, calling atten- 
tion to the scant salaries, which averaged $600, without offering the 
recipients much prospect of an Increase, and also suggesting a more 
intimate acquaintance of the board with the work of the teacher, 
thereby reaching a better comprehension of the value, monetary as 
well as educational, of that work. The board had difficulty in the 
completion of Franklin school. According to contract, it should have 
been ready for occupancy at the September opening. Instead, it was 
not brought into use until after the Christmas vacation. A welcome 
and appropriate gift to the school, through the generosity of Abram 
De Ronde, was a bronze bust of Benjamin Franklin, which was 
placed in the entrance hall. 

The social columns of the Englewood papers recorded, on April 
17th, the marriage of Janet, daughter of ex-mayor Brinckerhoff, to 
Clarence D. Kerr. Another event of the year was the college men's 
dinner, notable as the inauguration of a custom that has been both 

[ 241 ] 


a pleasure and a profit for those who have taken part in it. A college 
census, taken previously, showed there were two hundred and sixty- 
five college men residing in the city, who represented thirty-five Amer- 
ican colleges. In addition, the Old World seats of learning were 
represented by two Oxford men, and one each from Queen's college, 
Beltast, anci from Heidelberg. 

Death took its toll this year from the ranks of those long asso- 
ciated in the affairs of Englev/ood, both as township and city. The 
first death recorded is that of Henry J. DeMott, which occurred on 
March 3rd at his residence, "Dulce Domum," on Tenafly road. Mr. 
DeMott was of Huguenot descent, his ancestors having settled in 
Bergen county in 1685, in what was afterwards the lower part of 
English Neighborhood. He was a well known business man and 
for ten years was a justice of the peace, when the office was not the 
sinecure it later became. 

Henry J. Reinmund, a prominent figure in the insurance world 
and a resident of Englewood for many years, passed away on August 
27th. Mr. Reinmund was born in Lancaster, Ohio, in 1844, and 
served in the Civil war in the 61st Regiment, Ohio Infantry. His 
whole business career was connected with life insurance. At one time 
he served as state superintendent of insurance in his native state. 
Later, as a vice-president of the Mutual Reserve Life Insurance 
company, business brought him to New York city and the family 
became Englewood residents. Failing health compelled Mr. Rein- 
mund's retirement from active business in 1898. In his prime he 
was prominent in democratic politics in Englewood, serving in one 
campaign as party chairman. 

The community lost a valued citizen in the death of Charles F. 
Park, on September 28th, Starting business life as an expert account- 
ant with H. W. Banks & Co. and Brinckerhoff, Turner & Co., in 
1894 he became cashier of the Citizens' National bank, a position 
he held as long as he lived. Mr. Park was an earnest church worker, 
having been superintendent of the Sunday school and clerk of the 
session of the Presbyterian church. He had also served as a justice 
of the peace. 

Robert Baylis, one of the pioneers of '.58, died on October 21st, 
in his 79th year. He was born at Rocky Hill, near Princeton, in 
his grandfather's house, now preserved as Washington's headquar- 
ters, where Washington wrote his farewell address to the army. 
Mr. Baylis decided to be a banker, becoming assistant cashier of the 
American Exchange National bank about the time George S. Coe 

[ 242 ] 


was made president. In 1863, he became president of the Market 
bank (later the Market and Fulton National bank), being the young- 
est bank president in the city. He retired in 1905, with the title 
of "president emeritus." In 1858, Mr. Baylis was one of four to 
join in buying the 125 acre tract that is now the principal residence 
section of Englewood. 

Another citizen, whose interest in Englewood dated back to the 


very early days, was Henry Jones, born in Caernarvon, Wales, in 
1827, whose earthly hfe ended on November 24th. Mr. Jones came 
to this country about 1848 and lived for a time in Utica, N. Y. Later 
he came to New York city with his wife, thence moving to Englewood 
in 1860. He was a builder of high standing, erecting many of the 
first important buildings in the new village, and later built the Ver- 
milye Memorial chapel which forms part of the present Presbyterian 
church. In the earlier part of his residence in Englewood, Mr. 
Jones was interested in real estate dealings. He retired from busi- 
ness at a comparatively early age and identified himself closely with 
the work of the Presbyterian church, where he was for years an elder. 
He was very much interested in the town, especially in all sanitary 

[243 ] 


measures and in everything wliich tended to the beautification of the 
place. One definite thought of Mr. Jones was that this should be 
a town of home owners, and especially that the working people 
should own their own dwelhngs. In this direction he was more than 
generous in assisting the latter with time and influence to become 
home builders and home owners. He was also one of the best 
friends the colored people of Englewood had, and he worked with 
and for them for many years, establishing the first Mission for them, 
which afterwards grew to be the present colored Presbyterian church. 

Though not a resident of Englewood, there were numerous 
friends who heard with regret of the death, on October 25th, of 
7\bram Blauvelt, known as "Dominie Blauvelt," one of the best liked 
and respected of all the conductors in the service of the Northern 
railroad. Mr. Blauvelt was born across the Jersey line in Rockland 
county, and was still a lad in the eyes of the law when he enlisted 
in the 22nd New Jersey Infantry in 1862, for nine months' service 
in the Civil war. Always a serious-minded 3'outh, he was a great 
Bible student, and took his bible with him when he entered service. 
Not only did he continue his own reaciing but he interested some of 
his comrades in the same pursuit. There was nothing of the prig 
about him; he did his duty as a soldier, never shirked danger, and 
there was in him very much of the spirit of Cromwell's covenanters. 
After his time of enlistment expired he entered the service of the 
Northern railroad as brakeman. In the course of time he went 
through the various grades until he finally reached the position of 
conductor of the express train which carried the major part of the 
commuters to and from New York. This was nicknamed the "Gospel 
Train," and Mr. Blauvelt was addressed as "Dominie." Mr. Blauvelt 
was a man of fine character, he was courteous in manner, very careful 
of the school children who came to Englewood from up the road, 
knew his regular passengers by name and always had a word of 
friendly morning greeting, which was returned in kind. In 1894 he 
was ordained as a minister of the Methodist denomination. He 
preached his first sermon in the Piermont M. E. church and served 
as supply in the locality. He had been retired from the railroad ser- 
vice some years before he answered the last roll call. 

The closing year of the administration brought the usual polit- 
ical ripples on the surface of things. During the year, the city fathers 
felt themselves cramped, financially, by the passage of a law at Tren- 
ton, limiting the tax rate. This law had as its purpose the favoring of 
railroads and other corporations, whose tax values were fixed at 

[ 244 ] 


Trenton. It produced, in the end, through the resulting appointment 
of county boards to equahze taxes as between municipahties, a much 
more just assessment than had maintained. "Equal Taxation," the 
cry of the "New Idea'' group, led by Everett Colby and George L. 
Record, found a warm response among the younger republicans of 
Englewood. At the September primaries, the Colby delegates carried 
every ward against the regulars, though the movement was beaten in 
the county and state conventions. As a matter of record, the names 



of the winning delegates follow: Henry C. Watson, Seward Prosser, 
Louis S. Coe, R. H. Smith, WiUiam Marvin Coe, E. A. Tipping, 
Abram Cornelius, Jr. 

When the council convened in annual session on January 1, 1907, 
there was very little change made in the personnel of the city admin- 
istration. Charles A. Bogert was appointed on the board of health 
as a new member, and Irving Middleton was named as inspector. 
Cornelius Sweeney was nov/ a full-fledged street commissioner, and 
Dr. Frederick C. Bradner was appointed city physician. Appoint- 
ments to the board of education were Joseph Andrews, William 
Dulles and Edward De Witt. Clinton H. Blake was continued as 
library trustee. 
"■ The winter of 1906-7 was a cold one, long to be remembered 

[ 245 ] 


for the breaking-down of the Erie's train service, due to frozen en- 
gines. PoHtics, too, had cold spots, one of which was occupied by 
Senator Dryden, who failed of re-election, largely through the refusal 
of Bergen county's representatives in the legislature to attend the 
republican caucus or abide by its decision. Credit should be given to 
Louis S. Coe, of Englewood, for the part he took in producing this 
result. Possibly the weather also affected the meetings of the city 
council, for nothing in the way of heated discussion is recorded dur- 
ing the early months of the year. When the applications for licenses 
were filed in March and various petitions were presented against in- 
creasing the number, there was no rise in the temperature of the 
limited discussion on the subject. The matter had been so thoroughly 
thrashed out the previous year that there seemed to be nothing addi- 
tional to bring up. 

The subject of discussion which opened in the early spring was 
caused by an obstacle encountered by mayor Mackay in the endeavor 
to complete his park gift. Dr. Ruch owned a piece of property with 
a new house on the easterly side of the park, in line with Jay street, 
if extended. The property, it was claimed, was bought from a map 
showing a street continuous from Palisade avenue and crossing Jay 
street, which would give the particular lot frontage on a thorough- 
fare. There was much discussion about the map mentioned, as none 
was found on file. The mayor sought to settle the matter by pur- 
chasing the property from Dr. Ruch. The doctor and the mayor 
failed to agree on a price and maich hard feeling resulted, the council 
siding with the mayor and threatening condemnation proceedings. 
The matter was finally settled, however, and the property is now a 
part of Mackay park. 

Discussion during the year in the council included a possible mu- 
nicipal lighting plant. The railway's park, east of the station, was 
leased for the amount of the taxes. The trolley's request, to be al- 
lowed to carry freight daring the slack hours, failed to get favorable 
action. A truant officer was appointed at fifty dollars a month, half 
his time to be gi\'en to the schools and half to acting as handy man 
for the mayor or chief Titus. 

The November election found Mr. Mackay unopposed for re- 
election. Joseph Thomson won the councilmanship-at-large over 
Walter Westervelt, democrat, by 36 votes. William Conklin Avas 
returned, unopposed, from the fourth ward and Porter Fitch carried 
the third ward by a majority of fourteen over John C. Scully. Mr. 
Fitch got into hot water shortly thereafter as one of the sponsors for 

[ 246 ] 


the Woodland Cemetery association, which asked for a cemetery 
franchise in eighty-five acres of Englewood territory, bordering on 
Fort Lee. Great opposition was expressed, it being claimed that the 
cemetery was for money-making purposes and would bring no benefit 
to Englewood, being locally unnecessary. The matter was laid on the 

Later in the year an ordinance was passed, increasing the salaries 
of the city clerk and the collector of taxes to $800 and $700, re- 

•'# '. 



spectively. The salaries of policemen were graded, according to 
length of service, those men with ten years of service to receive $80 
a month, those with five years $75, new appointees to get $65. Dur- 
ing the year the bureau of associated relief was organized and a 
wing was built on "Neighborhood House." The trust company's new 
building on Park place was opened for business, Aymar Embury being 
the architect and W. D. Reeve the general contractor. 

A wedding of importance during the year had, as principals, 
Louise, daughter of the late Robert C. Baylis and the Rev. Howard 
Chandler Robbins, rector of St. Paul's, Bishop Lines, of the Diocese 
of Newark, officiating. 

Englewood lost a pioneer citizen when Henry Cooper died on 
February 23rd, aged seventy. His father had a chair factory at 
Cooperstown, now Bergenfield. Mr. Cooper married Margaret, 



daughter of "Squire" Miller, and lived in the Miller homestead at 
the south end of Lafayette avenue, known later as the Cooper farm. 
Here, for thirty-five years, Mr. Cooper carried on a dairy business. 
He was a life-long democrat and had served the community with 
credit as road commissioner and collector of taxes. 

On February 23d, Dr. Israel Whitney Lyon, a retired dentist, 
who had acquired fame and fortune as manufacturer of a favorite 
dentifrice, passed away at his home on Dana place. Dr. Lyon came 
to Englewood in 1891 and purchased the William Stanley house, 
which he entirely rebuilt. 

The community was shocked, on April 19th, to learn of the early 
death of Christine Wetmore Dawes, wife of Henry Franklin Dawes, 
and daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob S. Wetmore. Mrs. Dawes' 
whole life was spent in Englewood. It had been a life of helpfulness 
to others in many unobtrusive ways. In memory of her daughter-in- 
law, Mrs. James L. Da^^'es endowed a bed in the Englewood hospital. 

Samuel Fay Gold, who had been connected with Englewood's 
public utilities since his coming in 1871, died on June 9th. Mr. Gold 
was a man of inventive ability and Avas distinguished for his technical 

J. Hugh Peters, of whom mention has already been made in this 
history, in the record of the early residents, passed on December 3rd, 
having attained three score and ten years. He was a good citizen, 
and active in public interests in his earlier years, being at one time 
president of the Village Improvement association. 

Two citizens who had rendered service in their respective ways 
died within a month of each other. Timothy HIckey went to his last 
home on November 20th, after almost half a century of service for 
the Northern railroad. In his later days he was familiar to all as 
the crossing gate keeper at Palisade avenue. 

On December 5th, Matthew Beggs, a native of the north of Ire- 
land, and for forty years a resident of Englewood, went to his rest. 
He was a gardener to whom many of the early settlers owed thanks 
for faithful service. 

The beginning of mayor Mackay's second term was marked by 
the expiration of councilman Cooke's long service to the city. The 
mayor, on behalf of a number of citizens, presented Mr. Cooke with 
a silver loving-cup and an expression of regret at his leaving the coun- 
cil. Reorganization found Mr. Baylis again as president of the gov- 
erning body. A new appointee was Warren Derby, to the board of 
education in place of Mr. De Witt. New names in the board of 

[ 248 ] 


health were Floyd R. DuBois, Charles E. Weinman and Alfred Hop- 
kirk, Mr. DuBois becoming president. Charles Ellis Smith was ap- 
pointed library trustee. 

Early in the year occurred the death of city counsel George R. 
Dutton, a man of sterling qualities, whose opinion on a point of law 
could be relied upon. He was exceedingly modest, otherwise his qual- 
ities might have led him to high office. Mr. Dutton had served as 
police justice and was a founder of the trust company. His place 


as counsel was filled by the appointment of state senator Edmund W. 
Wakelee. In April, another change came about through the appoint- 
ment of Charles Barr, Jr., as collector of taxes, vice Mr. Hallahan, 
resigned. In May, Mr. Baylis, removing from Englewood, with- 
drew from the council, William Dulles taking his place and Mr. 
Thomson becoming president. Mr. Baylis had made an ideal pre- 
siding officer. Most likable as a man, with a large amount of tact, 
he did not hesitate, on occasion, to call a spade a spade. Matters 
of interest handled by the council during the year included the sus- 
pension of the hcense of the Pahsade House for a month and the 
regranting on confession and a promise to comply with the regula- 
tions in the future. The board of freeholders rented the council 
chamber for a district court room. The newly-founded Englewood 
automobile club was given authority to use Dana place as an experi- 
ment station for different sorts of road surfaces, the expense being 
defrayed by E. H. Lyon. The city club was authorized to proceed 

[ 249 ] 


with its proposed "survey" of the various elements of the city life, 
including a report by its law committee on the status of the various 
corporate utilities contracting with the city. Discussion was had of 
a petition that the third ward be divided, so that Highwood might 
have its own councilman, the needs of that section being deemed 
peculiar, but not peculiar enough, apparently, as the division has not 
been made to this day. The city's budget of the year totaled $154,927, 
that for 1907, $147,120 and for 1906, $120,532. 


In school matters, with interest be it noted that Winton J. White, 
Mr. Gambee having resigned, was appointed principal of the high 
school. Miss Alice S. Coe was appointed secretary of the school 
board. The school budget for the year was $47,000. Mr. Dulles 
being "promoted" to the council, his place was filled by the unanimous 
election of Hammond Lamont. 

Election day, on a registry list of 2208, brought the following 
results: In the first ward councilman Watson won over Dr. George 
B. Best by thirty votes. Dr. Currie defeated Mr. Dulles in the sec- 
ond ward by ten votes. Robert Jamieson had, as usual, an unopposed 
election to the city clerkship. Mr. Barr was chosen collector over 
James J- Markham by 289 majority and James H. Prentice defeated 
Mr. Bailey for poormaster by 145 votes. Mr. Taft carried Engle- 
wood over Bryan by 445 votes, congressman Hughes, on the other 
hand, carrying "the only city" by 53 majority for the democrats, 
who were also successful in electing Hezekiah Birtwhistle and Edward 



De Witt to the board of freeholders, their opponents being Louis S. 
Coe and William C. Davies. 

Englewood was saddened at the beginning of the new year by 
the death of councilman Henry Chapman Watson. Born at Port- 
chester, N. Y., in 1870, Mr. Watson was left an orphan at an early 
age, with his own way to make. He took up newspaper work, finally 
specializing on financial and commercial subjects. For nine years he 
was secretary to Colonel William M. Grosvenor, succeeding him as 


editor of "Dun's Mercantile Review." In his younger years, Mr. 
Watson was a member of the Field club, an enthusiastic baseball 
player, and a great publicity director of the club's many entertain- 
ments. He entered public life in 1906 as member of the council from 
the first ward, and was immediately placed upon the finance commit- 
tee, where he rendered important service. Re-elected in 1908, he 
was present at the first meeting of the new council on New Year's 
day, though far from well, and died suddenly on January 6th, a 
sacrifice to overwork. Mr. Watson's death left the council evenly 
divided, poHtically. This caused a holdup in the affairs of the city 
as Dr. Currie was, at the time, too ill to attend council meetings and 
he and Mr. Conklin agreed that the latter should not attend any 
meetings, making a quorum, unless matters to be transacted at the 
meetings met with their approval by pre-arrangement. The filhng 
of the vacancy was a moot point, the democratic members being will- 
ing to have a republican appointed but wishing to have that repub- 



lican one for whom they would be glnd to vote. This condition was 
maintained after Dr. Currie had attended one meeting, at which 
H. Roland Vermilye was nominated, Mr. J. C. Anderson presenting 
a numerously signed petition in his behalf. The council divided two 
and two on the matter. Dr. Currie wanted Clinton H. Blake elected. 
At a later time, Mr. Conklin said he would be satisfied with either 
Gerardus L. Miller or Oliver Drake Smith. Mr. Miller refused but 
Mr. Smith expressed himself as being willing to save the situation. 



At this point, however, enter Mr. Fitch. He declared he would not 
vote for any one named or suggested by Mr. Conklin and would 
resign rather than do so. He held the whip hand, as he was needed 
to make a quorum. After five weeks' deadlock, matters came to such 
a pass that Mr. Conklin gave in and Mr. Vermilye became council- 
man. At this time the matter of Woodland cemetery was revived 
by the cemetery association, but the protests renewed by Mr. Dulles 
on behalf of the city club and by Dwight W. Morrow of the \ord- 
hoff Eand companv (the golf club) were so vigorous, that the ques- 
tion was again left in abeyance, the association later, however, making 
an application before the board of health, where It was referred to 
a committee. 







At the council meeting on March 16th occurred something that 
pleased everybody. City clerk Robert Jamieson had completed six- 
teen years of service. As a token of the great esteem in which he 
was held, he received a gold watch, ex-mayor Piatt making the pres- 
entation speech, calling attention to his having sat facing the presi- 
dent of the council through all administrations, republican and demo- 
cratic, never missing a meeting and never being late; his courtesy 
and lovable nature making the citizens feel that in honoring him 
they were honoring themselves. "Bob" was rather overwhelmed at 
the amount of good-feeling that went with the watch and was able 
simply to bow his thanks. An important action of the council was 
the passing of a bonding ordinance for $75,000, for building the 
Cleveland school at Tenally road and Durie avenue, Mr. Tierney 
appearing for the board of education and making a telling plea for 
the necessity of the new school. The schools later in the year suffered 
a loss in the death of Hammond Lamont, who served on the school- 
board from the second ward. Mr. Tamont was a native of New 
York, the son of the Rev. Thomas and Caroline D. Lamont, and 
was the brother of Thomas W. Lamont. He was a Harvard alumnus, 
class of '86, instructor in English at Harvard in 1892, and later head 
of the department of English composition at Brown University. 
Then he engaged in newspaper work, was managing editor of the 
Evening Post in 1901, and editor of The Nation in 1906. He be- 
came a member of the Englewood board of education in 1907. Mr. 
Lamont's place was filled by the appointment of Charles Paul Mackie. 
Another appointment was that of John A. Manson as sanitary in- 
spector, at a salary of S 1,000. At this time Wendell J. Wright was 
appointed judge of the newly created district court in Englewood, 
Joseph H. Tillotson becoming clerk of the court. Later in the year, 
William M. Seufert took the place of judge Wright, resigned. Gov- 
ernor Fort making the appointment. Dwight W. Morrow was ap- 
pointed a trustee of the library to succeed Mr. Fitch, who had re- 
signed to join the council. During the year, the third ward was 
divided into two voting districts. The city budget totalled $145,227, 
a decrease of $10,000. The automobile club was active, suggesting 
traffic regulations that were adopted by the council. An important 
matter that caused much argument, had to do with the amount paid 
by the city to the hospital, the latter claiming that city patients were 
taken at a loss. Mr. Conklin was much interested in the subject and 
brought about an arrangement that city patients must be certified to 
by the city physician and that they were to be paid for at regular 

[ 254 ] 






v/ard rates. Complaints were made that a family physician could 
not attend a patient in the hospital unless he was a member of the 
hospital's board of physicians. There was a deal of professional 
hard-feeling in the matter, of which the less said the better. 

At the November elections, the democrats were successful. James 
A. C. Johnson became mayor, defeating William Dulles by 249 votes. 
Hezekiah Birtwhistle defeated George EI. Payson by 239 votes in 
the contest for councilman-at-large. Mr. Vermilye was returned to 
the council from the first ward, without opposition. Mayor Mackay 
retired after four years as the head of the city which he had governed 
so generously. 






N "era of good feeling" reigned in Englewood on January 1, 
1910, when Mr. Mackay presented his gold badge of office 
to mayor Johnson, his successor, accompanying the trans- 
fer with hearty good wishes for the success of the incoming 
administration. No less cordial was mayor Johnson's expression of 
the regret of Englewood on Mr. Mackay's retirement. It is hardly 
necessary to note that both speakers were generously applauded by 
the officials and the audience of citizens attending the inauguration of 
the new council. Mr. Mackay held the floor for a few minutes 
longer in the presentation of an artistic silver bowl to Mr. Thomson, 
the retiring president, on behalf of many friends. The council was 
then called to order and Mr. Birtwhistle was made president. Mayor 
Johnson named Mr. Mackay as a trustee of the library and the 
ex-mayor was also appointed as the lay member of the sinking-fund 
commission, to serve with the mayor and the city treasurer, cx-officjis. 
The council appointments were then made. Dr. Best became presi- 
dent of the health board, the other members being Thomas W. 
Lydecker, Gilliam D. Bogert and Edward Koster. Thomas J. Huckin 
was made police justice and James J. Markham appeared in the new 
office of sealer of weights and measures. Mr. Birtwhistle resigned 
as freeholder, Mr. Conklin taking his place. A new appointment to 
the board of education brought into the official life of the city one 
David J. McKenna. Messrs. Tierney and Derby were re-appointed. 
There were two surprises at the council meeting of February 1st. 
The first was the appearance of Dr. Currie after an absence of over 
a year. He received a warm welcome from his colleagues. Dr. 
Currie explained his non-appearance as due to a severe spinal injury, 
received through a fall on an ice-covered sidewalk, while on his way 
to a council meeting a year before, and added a recommendation 
that the ordinance regulating the clearing of sidewalks from ice and 
snow be strictly enforced. Dr. Currie attended occasionally during 
the rest of the year, but his malady was progressive, and at later 


meetings it was necessary to carry him to his seat at the council table. 
The other unusual happening was an application from the New Jer- 
sey and Hudson River Railway and Ferry company for permission 
to extend its tracks north from the then terminus at Dean and 
Chestnut streets to the city line. A public hearing on the matter was 
set for February 21st. Another change of corporate heart reported 
was the intention of the Erie railroad to expend $1,200 in the im- 
provement of the Highwood depot. 

The hearing demonstrated the fact that the long lane had at last 
reached a turning, and that Highwood, after all its tribulations, was 
at last to have trolley service by a right of way east of the railroad. 
The old idea about crossing the Northern railroad tracks was given 
up. A new ordinance was passed, prescribing the route and the fare. 
The fare question, of course, Avas the subject of contention: the Nord- 
hoff association urged a five cent fare, at least to and from Van 
Nostrand avenue; other contestants wanted a similar fare from the 
city line to the ferry. Vice-president Barrows said that he could offer 
no hope for favorable consideration by the company, since the fare 
was as low as the company could afford and there must be a line 
of demarcation. This statement and the announcement by the council 
that it could regulate the fare only within city limits, but had no 
jurisdiction regarding fare charged through other towns or boroughs, 
quieted the agitation. About this time it was announced that the 
trolley company had been acquired by the Public Service corporation. 

The trolley matter removed, the board of education and the 
council, in May, agreed to the purchase of the Jackson house, where 
the high school now stands, for temporary school purposes. The 
price was $13,000, the sinking fund commission buying the bonds. 
The amount of the city's school contribution for the year was $48,572, 
the total levy being $133,729, a decrease of .*1 1,500. The small be- 
ginnings of two other matters were first discussed at this time, viz.; 
the oiling of the streets and the public collection of garbage. An- 
other matter causing great discussion was the refusal and later grant- 
ing of a liquor license to Mager's hotel. Holding that the license 
must be granted at the regular time, unless held over, F. Murray 
Olyphant brought suit against the city and won it, not, however, 
until the protested license had run its course and a new and legal 
license had been granted. The city bore the cost of the suit. An 
ordinance was passed, making wholesale and grocers' licenses $250 
instead of $500. The collector's salary was raised to $900 and the 
clerk's to $1,000, also by ordinance. 

[ 260 ] 


Turning away from matters political, an early event of the year 
was the annual meeting of the Field club, held at the Woman's Ex- 
change hall on January 13th. An election was held for members of 
the board of governors which resulted in returning Thomas B. Cum- 
ing, James C. Chapin, O. C. Blache, and Laurence B. EUiman. These, 


with Dan Fellows Piatt, Charles F. Park, Jr., and Alexander Amend, 
constituted the new board. A decision was reached to build a new 
club house on the old site and to make a bond issue of $25,000, to 
meet the cost of erecting the building and for the purchase of addi- 
tional property. Another annual meeting was held on the 8th of the 
following month, when the City club elected Vernon Munroe, Charles 
W. Hulst, Roy M. Robinson, E. W. Vaill, and Dan Fellows Piatt 
to the executive committee. Discussion was held as to the club's activ- 
ities during the coming year. Among the topics considered were 



tree planting, saving old trees from the assaults of telephone and 
electric light linemen, railroad Improvements, garbage removal and 

There were two anniversaries commemorated this year. Mt. 
Carmel Council, C. B. L., celebrated, on January 7th, Its twenty- 
sixth anniversary by a banquet at the Catholic club. The council 
was organized in 1884, through the Inspiration of Father Feehan, 
as a benevolent association whose purpose should be the care of the 
families of Its membership against the loss of the breadwinner. 
Starting with thirteen charter members, It was now a large and 
prosperous organization, having during the period of Its existence 
paid $27,000 to beneficiaries of deceased members. The chief officers 
were William Tierney, Jr., president, and John Scully, vice-president. 
It Is to be noted also that the Englewood Lodge of Elks, on January 
10th, purchased property for a club house on Bennett road, with an 
eye to future anniversaries. The flospital Fair In October added 
$4,000 to the treasury of the institution. 

The State Federation of Women's Clubs met at the Lyceum on 
May 6th and 7th, for the first time since the memorable meeting 
of 1897, as the guests of the Englewood Woman's Club. Mrs. 
George H. Payson, president of the local club, at the opening session 
greeted the delegates from the cities, towns and villages of New 
Jersey, and mayor Johnson gave the official welcome of the city. 
Mrs. Frank A. Patterson, president of the Federation, In her address 
made graceful reply to both speeches of welcome. A feature of the 
business session was the resolution offered by Mrs. Katherlne J. 
Sauzade, one of the pioneers In the movement for the preservation 
of the Palisades, thanking Mrs. Edward H. Harriman, In behalf 
of the assembled clubwomen, for the gift of Bear Mountain park 
to the public. 

In church matters there is to be noted the Easter gift to St. Paul's 
of $6,000 cash and $1,600 In pledges. On April 30th the Rev. 
Robert Davis entered upon the pastorate of the Presbyterian church; 
the formal Installation took place on May 19th, when Rev. Dr. 
Henry Van Dyke, of Princeton, was the preacher, the assisting clergy- 
men being Rev. Fisher Howe Booth and Rev. Dr. Stanley White. 
On May 22nd Rev. Charles Ellis Smith, for four and a half years 
pastor of the West Side church, announced his retirement from the 
mmistry to enter business life. Among the things accomplished 
durmg his pastorate were the purchase of the West Side athletic 
field, at a cost of $7,500, the payment of a $1,200 mortgage on the 



manse, enlargement and improvement of the church building, and 
doubling of the church membership. 

Much to be regretted was the passing of fire chief Jacob Ullrich, 
on October 3rd, from illness contracted in the line of duty. Mr. 
Ullrich was born in Germany on February 9th, 1858, coming to this 
country at an early age. He entered the first fire department on 
August 18th, 1888, and was elected foreman of Company 1 in May, 
1897. The next year he was elected fire chief and was re-elected each 


year until 1907, when the office was filled by the appointment of the 
council. Then Mr. Ullrich was continued in his position by appoint- 
ment. Emil Ruch became acting chief upon Mr. Ullrich's death. 

October 29th was a gala occasion Highwood way, for it marked 
the dedication of the new Cleveland school, which replaced the incon- 
venient structure so long known as School No. 2. At the formal 
exercises Mr. Andrews, president of the board of education, turned 
the completed building over to the city. Mayor Johnson made the 
speech of acceptance. Charles J. Bates, former member of the board, 
presented, on behalf of the Highwood Association, a large crayon 
portrait of President Cleveland, for whom the school is named. 
Dwight W. Morrow made a fine address on "The Value of Public 
Education." At the close of the address, Englewood Council, Junior 
Order of American Mechanics, presented, through Senator Edmund 
W. Wakelee, a large American flag. Following the presentation 
speech the audience gathered on the lawn, the flag was run to the 



top of the pole with proper ceremony, and the principal, Miss Sue 
C. Kerr, made a ringing patriotic address. 

Again we must record the names of those who, during the year, 
heard the "one clear call." On April 7th died Valentine Ruch, a 
pioneer business man, greatly esteemed by a large circle of friends. 
Among his surviving family are Dr. Valentine Ruch, Jr., and Dr. 
Louis Ruch. 

Mrs. Sheppard Romans passed away on May 2nd at the home 
of her son, Sheppard Homans, Jr. Mrs. Homans was the daughter 
of John and Gertrude Nixon Houston, of Washington, D. C, and 
granddaughter of Commander Thomas Truxton, of the Revolution- 
ary Navy. She was one of the promoters of the Woman's Exchange, 
the first president of the Englewood Hospital Association, member 
of the Woman's Club, and charter member of the Liberty Pole 
Chapter, Daughters of the Revolution. 

A long life of usefulness was ended in the death, on May 5th, of 
Hardy Murfree Banks, M.D., at the residence of his son-in-law. Dr. 
William Clarke, in New York City. Dr. Banks was the first physician 
to settle in Englewood, in 1860; for several years he served as vice- 
president of the Protection Society of Hackensack Township. He 
was one of the founders of the Englewood Hospital and president 
of the Bergen County Medical Society. A skillful physician and a 
public-spirited citizen, he was universally beloved. 

On May 5th there passed from earthly life Mary Springer 
Tillotson, wife of Joseph Hedley Tillotson and daughter of Moses 
E. and Mary Golding Springer, at her residence on Tenafly road. 
Mrs. Tillotson was a woman of attractive character, faithful in her 
church relations, dearly beloved in the home and in the large circle 
of her many friends, by whom her loss was deeply felt. 

James M. Gulnac, for many years representative of Englewood 
on the board of freeholders, died at his residence in Hackensack on 
October 11th. He was a former member of the building firm of 
Gulnac and Tallman, which Avas formed in 1882. 

This year saw the disbanding as an organization of Dwight 
Post, G. A. R. The ranks had been sadly thinned by the death of 
former members and the disability of others from advanced age, and 
the Post was no more. 

The political campaign of the year was enlivened by the candidacy 
for governor of Woodrow Wilson. Mr. Wilson had a distinguished 
audience when he spoke at the Lyceum on October 27th. His success 
helped the whole ticket, mayor Johnson winning the office of state 



senator from Mr. Ramsey, former county clerk, by a majority of 
2,930. Governor Wilson carried Englewood by over two to one. 
Walter Westervelt and William Conklin, both unopposed, were 
elected to the council from the third and fourth wards, respectively, 
and Frank Gorecki won the freeholdership over William Marvin Coe 
by 94 votes. Another office, that of city auditor, with a salary of 
$500, was created by the council at its last meeting of the year, being 
filled, in January, by the appointment of Thomas C. Birtwhistle. 



The closing event of 1910 was the testimonial dinner given at the 
new Armory to Donald Mackay. The occasion was the seventieth 
birthday of the ex-mayor, and mayor Johnson presented the guest 
of honor with a magnificent silver loving cup as a token of the respect 
and affection of his many friends. Other speakers were Father Best, 
ex-mayors Piatt and Brinckerhoff, and William Tierney, Jr. 

At the New Year's meeting of the council, 1911, mayor Johnson 
presented his resignation, owing to his senatorial duties. It was not 
accepted until the next meeting, when Mr. Birtwhistle succeeded to 
the title of "his honor." New appointments to be noted were those 
of Edward De Witt to the board of education, vice Mr. Andrews, 
and of Emil Ruch to be fire chief. Under the law for the appointment 
of assessors, Gerardus L. Miller, Daniel G. Bogert and James J. 

[ 265 ] 


Coakley were inducted, at a salary of $300 a year. Mr. Brinckerhoff 
was reappointed a library trustee, a new member of the board being 
Henry Zuber, in place of Charles Ellis Smith, resigned. At the 
council meeting on February 28th, clerk Jamieson announced the 
cieath, at noon that day, of Dr. Currie. The council adjourned as 
a mark of respect. At a later date, William M. Probst was elected 
to the vacant chair. 

Daniel A. Currie, identified as a physician, an official and in military 
matters with Englewood, was born at Scarsdale, N. Y., October 10th, 
1842, the youngest of the ten children of Thomas and Nancy Lemon 
Currie, who emigrated from Dumfrieshire, Scotland. The father 
was a weaver of sail cloth by trade, but took up farming and stock 
raising in this country. Daniel A. Currie was educated at the Mont- 
gomery, N. Y., Academy and the University of Buffalo, and was 
graduated in medicine in 1865. After two years of practice he took 
a post-graduate course of two and a half years in Edinburgh, under 
two eminent instructors. Sir James Simpson and Dr. James Syms, 
and served also as house physician in the Royal Hospital for Children 
in the same city. On his return, he practiced in Middletown, N. Y., 
coming to Englewood in 1872, where he speedily established a good 
practice. He was a member of the county and state Medical Asso- 
ciations; surgeon for the Erie railroad; one of the pioneers of the 
Englewood Hospital, and a member of the attending board of physi- 
cians and surgeons. Dr. Currie interested himself in civic affairs, 
was twice a member of the Englewood Township Committe, and 
later road commissioner for several years. After the incorporation 
of EnglcAvood as a city. Dr. Currie was the first elected mayor, March 
10th, 1896; re-elected 1898 and 1901. Elected councilman from 
the second ward in 1908, Dr. Currie, before the end of January, the 
first month of the term, met with the injury previously referred to. 
Thereafter he was able to make but few visits to council meetings. 
His military career began with joining Company B, 2nd Battalion, 
National Guard of New Jersey. He was shortly chosen captain of the 
company. In the Spanish-American War he served as second in com- 
mand of the 2nd Regiment, N. J. Volunteers. Resigning the lieutenant- 
colonelcy in 1904, he was appointed surgeon-major on the state med- 
ical staff and was assigned to the Sth Regiment, Paterson. Dr. Currie 
was a member of St. Paul's and left a bequest for the erection of a 
rood screen. 

Nineteen hundred eleven marked much progress in Englewood. It 
was proposed to pave Palisade avenue from Engle street to Tenafly 



road and also portions of Engle street and Dean street. Dean street's 
asphalt block pavement was, however, the only portion put through 
during the year, largely owing to the trolley company's having to 
pay a large part of the cost. Undoubtedly the success of the im- 
provement led to the later paving of the avenue in a like manner. 


It was proposed to discontinue the lease of the park at the station, 
but no action was taken owing to a protest by the City club. A 
new building code was adopted during the year, after careful con- 
sideration, and new fire limits were drawn, building inspector J. J. 
Ferry being kept busy seeing that compliance was had with the 
changes. A board of "police examiners" was created, the first in- 
cumbents being E. A. Brinckerhoff, W. D. McGovern and Wm. 
Marvin Coe. In June a La France automobile fire engine was bought 
for $7,500. Shortly thereafter, Mr. Conkhn suggested that a paid 



fire department of four or five men be created, so that adequate use 
might be made of the engine. No action was taken on this until 
1912. The total tax levy for 1911 was $137,898, an increase of 
$4,100, the schools taking $49,748, an increase of $1,200. This was 
good management, considering that 1908 had shown a total levy of 

Englewood suffered a great loss on October 7th, when acting- 
mayor Hezekiah Birtwhistle passed away. By action of the council. 
Judge Thomas J. Huckin became councilman-at-large, his place on 
the bench being taken by D. Eugene Blankenhorn. Mr. Conklin 
became acting-mayor. A check for $75, sent to Mrs. Birtwhistle as 
payment for the salary of the acting mayor, was returned with the 
statement that her husband had not intended to accept any salary as 
mayor, and requesting that the money be given to the hospital, which 
was so orciered. By resolution, the city hall and fire houses were 
draped for thirty days. 

Hezekiah Birtwhistle was born at Birkenhead, England, August 
9th, 1866, and was brought to this country with other members of the 
family in 1869. Young Birtwhistle was educated at Public School 7. 
Private tuition and study of engineering prepared him for his pro- 
fession. He was associated for eight years with J. H. Serviss. 
Among the important works undertaken by him were the laying out of 
the Allison property and the opening of Lafayette park. He entered 
politics in 1895, when he was elected assessor. In 1898 he became 
councilman from the fourth M'ard, and street commissioner in 1902. 
In 1908 he was freeholder, the following year becoming councilman- 
at-large. Mr. Birtwhistle served as acting mayor from January, 
1911, taking up the duties of the office with his usual energy. During 
the summer his health began to fail and he passed away on October 
7th, deeply regretted. Respect to his memory was shown by the 
closing of every place of business at the time of his funeral and 
by the spontaneous expressions of his worth as an upright and faithful 
public servant. 

A very much appreciated feature of the summer was a series of 
three band concerts in Mackay park, provided by the council. Mr. 
Mackay, noting the attendance, provided three more concerts on 
his own account. 

Two other matters of considerable interest occurred during the 
year. Police Officer O'Neill, while on duty at night, shot and mor- 
tally wounded John E. Ruddock, a young man of Englewood. The 
officer was tried at the county seat and was duly exonerated. The 



cost to him of his trial was $2,225. The general feeling was that 
the city should pay this sum. However, nothing was done, the council 
dividing two and two, Mr. Huckin refusing to vote, having been 
connected with the defence. The matter was finally decided in 1912, 
Mr. Huckin finally voting in favor of the payment, he having been 
paid his fee by officer O'Neill in the meantime, and having no further 


pecuniary interest in the vote. Mayor Munroe expressed himself 
strongly at that time in favor of standing by a city officer who was 
using his best judgment in the defense of the city's interests. The 
other matter was the agreement to disagree between the council and 
engineer Eckerson, who had been previously appointed for a three- 
year term at eight dollars a day while working. The council em- 
ployed Watson G. Clark in the matter of the Dean street improve- 
ment. Mr. Eckerson protested and later brought suit. The court 
decided the matter in the council's favor. 



There were also happenings which touched other phases of hfe 
in the community. The annual meeting and election of the Field club 
was held at the new club house on January 11th. The officers elected 
were Peter S. Duryee, president; Gerald M. Curran, vice-president; 
Charles F. Park, Jr., secretary; Dudley Humphrey, treasurer. A 
handsome bronze tablet was unveiled — "To the memory of Henry 
C. Watson, president of the Field club, 1905-1909." 

Donald Mackay entertained the Englewood newsboys on Feb- 
ruary 26th at a dinner at the Palisade House. Rev. Robert Davis 
and judge Thomas J. Huckin assisted the host. A colored orchestra 
furnished instrumental music during the feast and the boys fur- 
nished the vocal music, singing all the popular songs on the program. 
The speeches came in between the courses. Mr. Mackay advised 
the boys that good character would fit them to step into the places of 
the "old fellows." 

The destruction of the Bergen building, on Engle street, by fire, 
occurred on March 10th. There was a high wind and the water pres- 
sure was low. The fact that the telephone exchange, which was located 
in the building, was put out of commission immediately, handicapped 
the firemen in summoning aid to prevent the spread of the fire. Pro- 
tection steam engine came from Hackensack to assist, after word 
reached the company in a roundabout way. The loss, as finally esti- 
mated, was about $40,000. On April 16th fire broke out in the Van 
Home building. The flames spread to the Press office, located in a 
frame building. The Van Home building, also a frame structure, 
was a total loss, and the Press building was badly damaged. The 
editorial office was moved across the street to the Jackson building. 
With the help of friendly colleagues in Hackensack, the next issue 
of the paper appeared as usual. As soon as the insurance had been 
adjusted, Mr. Tillotson started on the erection of the brick building 
which houses the business today. 

The Rev. Howard Chandler Robbins of St. Paul's accepted a 
call, on May 27th, to the rectorship of the Church of the Incarnation, 
Madison avenue and 35th street. New York City, succeeding Dr. 
William Grosvenor, appointed Dean of the Cathedral of St. John 
the Divine. At a meeting of the St. Paul's club, when the outgoing 
rector was asked to outline the club work for the ensuing year, Mr. 
Robbins suggested a clock in the church tower, which would strike 
the hours. Dr. Boynton, who followed the rector, took his cue from 
the suggestion, made a witty speech and ended the same by present- 







ing a handsome gilt and crystal clock to the rector as a gift from 
the club. 

July 23rd witnessed the dedication of the African M. E. church, 
Bishop Hood conducting the ceremony. Rev. C. D. Hazel, the pre- 
siding elder, preached the sermon. The church, with a seating capac- 
ity of 350, cost, with the lot, $5,850, all of which, except $650, had 
been already raised. 

In October a novel baseball game was played on the Field club 
grounds for the benefit of the hospital, between the lawyers and the 
doctors. The legal profession was represented by Messrs. Worten- 
dyke, Zabriskie, Harry Ward, Mattocks, Demarest, Huckin, Ellis, 
Mackay and Foster. Their opponents, who appeareci In operating 
gowns and antiseptic turbans, were Drs. Holmes, Bradner, Haring, 
Sullivan, Phillips, Proctor, Edwards, Wyler, Ruch and Van Dyke. 
Dr. Haring, who practiced medicine before baseball had entered the 
mind of man, made a gazelle-like home run amid wild applause. Mr. 
Wortendyke did a marathon, surprising those who knew him only in 
his dignified legal capacity. The hospital treasury was enriched $210 
by the game. In November the hospital received the gift of a newly 
furnished operating room on the main floor, in memory of Dumont 
Clark, presented by his daughter. Miss Corinne Clark. The oper- 
ating room itself is floored, walled and ceiled with tiles, with tables 
and shelves of enameled metal and glass. Adjoining are a dressing 
room for doctors and anesthetizing and recovery rooms for patients. 

Through the co-operation of the board of education and the Civic 
association, Eincoln school became the first social center in Engle- 
wood. The school was opened four afternoons and four evenings 
and Saturday morning each week. A director was placed in charge 
of the building and arrangements were made for classes In various 
kinds of hand work and folk dancing. This was real progress along 
social lines. 

The community lost this year several residents who had been long 
Identified with the highest interests of the town. 

William T. Booth, son of William A. Booth, the head of the 
family in Englewood, died at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. 
Malcolm Campbell, Engle street, on March 21st. He was a Williams 
graduate. He had for years been In charge of an Important depart- 
ment of the New York Life Insurance Company. 

On April 7th George P. Payson entered into rest at his residence 
on Tenafly road. Mr. Payson was born in Boston, Mass., In 1825, 
coming to Englewood In the seventies, after a strenuous life in Wall 

[272 ] 


street, to enjoy the quiet of country life. He was fond of gardening, 
music and literature, and interested himself in the affairs of his 
adopted home. Mr. Payson was a devoted friend of the hospital, 
serving as treasurer for many years. 

Mrs. Sallie McRae Chater, who died on May 4th, was well known 
in the community. She was the wife of Richard Dundas Chater and 
daughter of John McRae, first mayor of Wilmington, N. C. She 
settled in the city in 1875 and was identified with church work at 
St. Paul's. Her children, who grew up in Englewood, are J. Melville 
Chater, Ellen Dundas Chater and Henry Dundas Chater. 

Charles G. Clark, a veteran in the ranks of the early residents, 
died at his residence on Dwight place on May 11th. He was born 
in Newport, N. Y., in 1826, and settled in Englewood in 1870. His 
hfe work was connected with the American Express Company, of 
which he was vice-president at the time of his death. Mr. Clark was 
a charter member of the Englewood club and was its treasurer for 
nineteen years. He also served as a vestryman of St. Paul's. 

William H. De Ronde, descendant of a French Huguenot family, 
died at his home in Teaneck, December 2nd, at the age of eighty- 
three. His parents came from Rockland county to Teaneck when 
he was a young boy. He succeeded to the family farm and engaged 
in farming for many years. He served in Englewood township days 
as surveyor of highways. 

On July 19th William O. Christopher, of the firm of Christopher 
and Mundorf, died at his home on Grand avenue. He was the son 
of a German father and a Scotch mother and was born at sea on a 
vessel of which his father was captain. Mr. Christopher left home 
as a lad and came to this country, learned the grocery business and 
set up for himself when he arrived at age. He came to Englewood 
in 1890, as partner of A. R. Mattlage. Mr. Christopher prospered 
in business and invested successfully in real estate. In 1902 he was 
elected councilman from the second ward and served two terms. 

The elections in November brought Vernon Munroe into the 
mayor's chair, a victor over Albert L Drayton by 90 votes. Mr. 
Huckin was returned as councilman-at-large over Peter S. Duryee by 
254 votes. Mr. Vermilye was unopposed as councilman from the 
first ward and Edson B. Gorham won over William M. Probst by 141 
votes In the second. Wm. Marvin Coe and Frank A. Goreckl were 
returned as freeholders. As usual, city clerk Jamieson was re-elected 
without opposition. An interesting feature of the campaign was the 
attack on councilman Conklin as the Poo-Bah of a democratic admin- 

[ 273 ] 


istration, present or future. A challenge to debate, made by the 
republicans, was accepted, and the affair staged at the Lyceum on 
the Saturday before election, Mr. Mackay in the chair, Harold G. 
Aron speaking for the attack and ex-Mayor Piatt for the defence. 
Air. Aron showed that Mr. Conklin had drawn much more money 
than any other councilman (the basis being two dollars for each 
meeting of the council or a committee), but lost his audience when, 
questioned by Mr. Piatt, he admitted that the councilman had earned 
the money. A surprise feature was the production of city bills for 
crushed stone from the company for which Mr. Conklin was agent, 
together with the way-bills on the railroad, totaling a less amount. 
Mr. Aron refused, when challenged, to charge that the city had paid 
for more than it received. The truth of the matter was, that the 
stone company had cheated the railroad by loading cars beyond the 
legal limit, had been caught at it, and had paid the railroad a large 
sum as extra freight. 









EW YEAR ol 1912 extended the greetings of the season 
to the new mayor, Vernon Munroe, an Englewooder born 
and bred. At the organization meeting on New Year's 
day there was the usual attendance of officials departing, 
officials incoming, citizens generally, with an ex-mayor or two to 
welcome the new city head. The council organized by electing Thomas 
J. Huckin president and William Conklin president pro tem. The 
first appointments made were those of the mayor — Clinton H. Blake, 
library trustee; Frank Titus, chief of police, and John J. Pye, ser- 
geant. The other offices in the city staff were filled by council appoint- 
ment as follows: Edward J. Sheridan, treasurer; William M. Seu- 
fert, counsel; Dr. Valentine Ruch, Jr., city physician; Charles Barr, 
Jr., collector; John J. Ferry, inspector of buildings; D. Eugene Blan- 
kenhorn, police justice; Emil Ruch, chief of fire department. William 
Schermerhorn was later appointed street commissioner at a salary of 
$1,800. Messrs. Tierney, McKenna and DeWitt were reappointed 
to the school board, which organized later with Warren E. Derby, 
president, and Edward DeWitt, vice-president. The new members 
of the board of health were Thomas W. Lydecker and Edward Kos- 
ter. Dr. George B. Best remaining as president. The board of police 
commissioners, appointed later, comprised Charles W. Hulst, John 
L. Vanderbilt and George H. Payson. 

The first act of the administration was the creation of a paid fire 
department, a plan carefully considered and thoughtfully worked out 
in detail. The ordinance provided for the organization of the paid 
department with a chief, lieutenant, drivers and privates. A board of 
fire examiners was created to pass upon applicants for this depart- 
ment, the first incumbents being J. A. Stoddard, J. S. Coffin, Charles 
W. Frost, Frank H. Maloney, with the city physician, ex-offido. 
Firemen's salaries were fixed as follows: Chief, $1,020; lieutenant 
and drivers, $840; privates, $780. This movement created a great 
deal of hard feeling among the volunteer firemen. The mayor and 


council had acted for the best interests of the city and had expected 
the volunteers to continue as firemen, supplementary to the men who 
Avould give all their time to the work. The men of the old fire depart- 
ment failed to grasp the logic of the idea of a force of trained men 
whose one business was to answer the call to fight fires at any hour of 
day or night. While the grumbling and dissatisfaction were still rife, 
the ordinance was passed. Emil Ruch was appointed chief, Thomas 
Markham, lieutenant, with six privates under them. Matters came 
at last to such a pass, the former firemen as a body refusing co- 
operation, that the volunteer force was abolished. A new volunteer 
company was started at fire house number one, of those members still 
willing to serve. Later in the year the office of fire commissioner was 
created, Mr. Frost, who was a veteran of the New York fire depart- 
ment, receiving the appointment at a salary of fifty dollars a month. 

As the cost of living in those days was getting higher, the city 
government had to act accordingly in the payment of salaries and 
wages. During the year a police pension fund was provided for and 
police salaries were raised, the chief's to $1,500, the sergeant's to 
$1,140, the other members receiving an advance of five dollars a 
month. The pay of laborers on the city streets was increased from 
$1.75 to $2.00 a day. Mayor Munroe brought up the question of a 
signal service for the police, but nothing was done at the time. 

While the affairs of the city were thus progressing, the community 
was saddened by the sudcien death, on February 22nd, of ex-Mayor 
Donald Mackay, while returning from a directors' meeting in New 
York. Mr. Mackay was born in Portchester, N. Y., December 18th, 
1840. After spending his early years in Brooklyn, he came. In his 
young manhood, to Englewood in 1867, at the instance of Colonel 
Vermilye, the head of the firm of Vermilye and Company, with which 
he was connected. Mr. Mackay's business life was spent in Wall 
street, during which he rose to a partnership in Vermilye and Com- 
pany, and later was head of the firm of Mackay and Company. At 
one time he served as president of the Stock Exchange. His partici- 
pation in Englewood affairs began with the Protection society, of 
which he became president in 1876, continuing in the same office until 
the dissolution of the organization in the early years of the city gov- 
ernment. He served as commissioner of appeal in 1881, succeeded 
John Dougherty as councilman-at-large In the first Currie administra- 
tion and was twice elected mayor of Englewood, serving from 1906 
to 1910. Beside his political activities, Mr. Mackay was a trustee 
of the Presbyterian church, first president of the Citizens' bank, mem- 

[ 278 ] 


ber of the Englewood club, also life member of the Union League 
club, of New York, and president of the board of trustees of the 
Presbyterian hospital. Among his many gifts to the city were the 
library building and Mackay park. He was also a generous supporter 
of the hospital, aiding materially in establishing an endowment fund. 
The appreciation of Mr. Mackay as a man and citizen was shown by 


the attendance at his funeral of hundreds of persons in every walk 

of hfe. 

At the meeting of the council following Mr. Mackay's death, 
suitable resolutions were passed and entered upon the minutes. 
Thomas B. Kerr was appointed to take Mr. Mackay's place on the 
library board and Dan Fellows Piatt that on the sinking fund com- 

At this time the board of education placed three propositions be- 

[ 279] 


fore the council : first, an atidition to Liberty school necessitated by 
increased attendance, the estimated cost being $31,500; second, the 
sum of $4,000 for repairs to Lincoln school, the oldest school build- 
ing, which had a long record of repairs to its account; and third, the 
purchase of a lot for a future school at Nordhoff, which increasing 
population would warrant at no 
distant time. Favorable action 
was taken on the request and 4^/2 
per cent bonds were issued for 
543,000 and sold at about 102. 
The city's payment for school ex- 
penses for the year was $53,000; 
the total city budget was $168,- 
570, an increase of over $30,000. 
During the year, much work 
of a progressive nature was un- 
dertaken. A sub-surface drainage 
system was built on Palisade ave- 
nue and an ordinance was passed 
for paving the avenue from En- 
gle street to Tenafly road, Mr. 
Huckin not voting, as he owned 
a portion of the frontage at the 
westerly end. The mayor vetoed 
the ordinance on the ground of 
expense, believing it wise to wait and see whether the new drainage 
would obviate the necessity. The ordinance was not passed over the 
veto, Mr. Huckin not ^-oting and Mr. Vermilye agreeing with the 
mayor. However, pertinacity has its reward. A new ordinance car- 
ried the paving only as far west as James street. Mr. Huckin, hav- 
ing no real estate on this frontage, when the veto was repeated was 
able to vote to pass over the veto and the work was begun. The 
mayor vetoed another ordinance and the veto was sustained. This 
called for the buying of the plant of the sewerage company at a 
reasonable figure or building a city plant, the proposition to be 
bonded after favorable vote of the people. The difficulty in the ques- 
tion of purchase was the company's idea of a reasonable figure, 
which was put at .'^375,000, subject to the approval of the stock- 

A banquet of the City club, early in the year, over which Rev. 
Charles H. Boynton presided, was a festive occasion that was pro- 

[280 ] 



ductive of much ci\ic consciousness. The subject of the removal of 
the railroad freight station and the coal and lumber switches to the 
southern end of town was up for discussion. At the first February 
meeting of the council, William Conklin brought the matter up as a 
feasible and desirable proposition. The ground acquired could be 
utilized as a public park and would be a great public improvement. 
This met with the approval of the council, the local press and the 
community generally. Mr. Conklin was made a committee of one 
to communicate with the proper railroad authority. Thus was begun 
another long-drawn-out negotiation which at this writing has had no 
physical result, though the contract with the railroad has been signed. 

An important event of this year was the dedication of the new 
St. Cecilia's church on St. Agnes' day, January 21st. The services 
began with early masses in the old church. At half past nine, the pro- 
cession of acolytes, cross bearer, resident priests, attending clergy and 
the bishops of the diocese entered the new church and proceeded 
through the aisles, the Rt. Rev. John J. O'Connor blessing each aisle 
and the walls of the edifice. The host was placed in the tabernacle 
and the sanctuary lamp was lighted. Solemn pontificial mass Avas 
celebrated. Rev. Father Dion Best, provincial of the Carmelite Order, 
being the celebrant. The sermon was preached by Monsignor Whelen, 
of St. Patrick's cathedral, Newark, and the musical part of the service 
was rendered under the direction of Miss Agnes Bowen, organist, by 
an enlarged choir of fifty voices. 

Rev. Dr. Fleming James, of St. Anna's mission, Philadelphia, 
became rector of St. Paul's, succeeding Dean Robbins, entering upon 
his work on March 3rd of this year. The Chevra Arvath Torah 
dedicated its new synagogue on Englewood avenue on September 1st. 
At the Presbyterian church, on June 23rd, a beautiful window was 
unveiled in memory of William Walter Phelps, the gift of his daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Von Rottenburg Phelps. 

The prominent social event of the year was the big charity ball 
given at the Lyceum for the benefit of the hospital, which netted over 
$3,150. On January 12th, Captain W. Marvin Coe, of Company F, 
was, at his own request, placed on the retired list with the rank of 
major. Major Coe gave a farewell dinner to the non-commissioned 
officers at the armory. Orison M. Hurd succeeded to the captaincy 
of Company F, second lieutenant H. V. D. Moore became first lieu- 
tenant and Charles H. May exchanged the chevrons of a sergeant for 
the shoulder straps of a second lieutenant. 

The Elks' new club house was dedicated on November 30th, with 







the prescribed ceremony of the order. Following the ritual ceremony, 
mayor Munroe extended a greeting to delegates from other lodges 
and to the local members. In the evening there was a social celebra- 
tion when a huge elk's head, handsomely mounted, was presented to 
the lodge by Malcolm Mackay, in memory of his father. 

A change was made in the officers of the Citizens' bank by the 
election of Clinton H. Blake as president in place of Mr. Mackay. 
Malcolm S. Mackay was elected a director. 

On April 23rd occurred the death of Prof. A. R. d'Aymard, for 
thirty years a resident of Englewood. Mr. d'Aymard was born in 
Auvergne, France, and was a man of a high order of intellect and 
education. An ardent Bonapartist, he emigrated from France to this 
country after the Franco-Prussian war. For many years he was pro- 
fessor of French literature and supervisor of French instruction in 
several leading New York schools. 

Henry Bailey, a veteran of the Civil war, one-time town commit- 
teeman and poormaster of Englewood, died on October 18th, at the 
Old Soldiers' home, Kearny, N. J. 

Nineteen hundred and thirteen saw Mr. Huckin again filling the 
council presidency. New appointees for the year were Charles Benner 
and Graham Sumner on the board of education and Daniel G. Bogert 
and J. Marshall Gorham as assessors. Later in the year, Mr. Barr 
resigned as collector, James J. IMarkham filling the vacancy. The 
block pavement on Palisade avenue as far west as James street was 
completed at a cost of $33,594. Later, the paving was continued to 
Tenafly road, at a further cost of $12,914. Councilman Conklin 
received great credit, both for initiating the improvement and for 
giving the work his careful oversight during its progress. Another 
benefit was the laying of flags to the full width of the sidewalks on 
the avenue, as far west as James street. At this time the Interstate 
Park Commission was building the road down the Palisades, at Engle- 
wood, at a cost of over $300,000. This was finished in 1915. Bergen 
county shortly after completed the improvement by taking over Pali- 
sade avenue, from the Lyceum east, paving it with stone and brick. 
The paving of Engle street, as far north as Bergen street, was vetoed 
by mayor Munroe, who was upheld by the council. Another matter 
that continued to be lengthily discussed was that of the sewer. Engi- 
neer George W. Fuller was employed, at a cost of $3,000, to value 
the sewer plant and to plan its extension. He reported a going value 
of $305,000. Extensions, to cover the needs of the city for a growth 



during twenty-five years, would cost $437,857. Mr. Fuller advised 
the purchase of the plant. The sewer company was not minded to 
sell on a reasonable basis and the matter dragged. 

The city budget for the year was $154,609, pared down from a 
figure greater by $14,000, because the latter would have compelled 
a change in assessments, the rate being limited by law. 

Two "social" ordinances were up for discussion. The first regu- 
lated moving picture shows and was passed, though not in as com- 

.. ^ .Ai^ JaiL 


plete a form as some social workers desired. The second ordinance 
proposed a "curfew." It progresseci as far as final reading, when it 
failed, not a single favoring vote being cast. The mayor again asked 
for a police signal system. Nothing was done about it. Discussion 
was had with the hospital authorities about an isolation ward, with 
no result. The fourth ward was divided into two election districts, 
when November showed the ward casting over four hundred votes. 

The executors of Mr. Mackay presented a check for $10,000 for 
the maintenance of Mackay park, stating they were carrying out the 
late mayor's wishes. The library made application to become a "Car- 
negie library," with the proviso, however, that it be called "The 
Mackay library." At this time, through the death of Mr. Brincker- 
hoff, the hbrary lost a trustee and its best friend. Miss Harriet 
Prosser was appointed a trustee, a most appropriate act on the part 
of mayor Munroe. 

In the death of ex-mayor Elbert Adrian Brinckerhoff, on March 
23rd, 1913, the city lost a public-spirited citizen and a man of influ- 
ence in the community. Mr. Brinckerhoff was born in Jamaica, Long 



Island, November 29th, 1838, and was the son of John N. Brincker- 
hoff, principal of the Union Hall Academy of that place. On the 
father's side he was descended from Joris Brinckerhoff, one of the 
early Dutch settlers on Long Island. When ready to enter college, 
an opportunity presented itself to the young man to make a voyage 
around the world in the clipper ship Adelaide. On arriving at San 
Francisco, orders were awaiting the captain which changed the ship's 
course to a return voyage to New York. Mr. Brinckerhoff decided 
to stay in San Francisco and entered a commercial house. This was 
the exciting period in San Francisco history and the young man had 
an adventurous life. He joineci the celebrated vigilance committee 
which kept order where the law failed, later becoming the agent of 
Wells Fargo in the mining camps at Shasta, being placed in charge 
of the transportation of gold on the Sacramento river. When the 
Wells Fargo pony express was established, he brought the first mail 
pouch from San Francisco to Sacramento and delivered it to the wait- 
ing rider, who dashed away on his horse to the next relay on the jour- 
ney across the continent. Returning east in 1860, he entered a firm 
engaged in the manufacture of cotton duck and rose rapidly from 
junior to senior partnership. This firm became later Brinckerhoff, 
Turner and Company. He attempted to retire in 1890, but was com- 
pelled to remain in an advisory capacity. Mr. Brinckerhoff married, 
in 1869, Emily A. Vermilye, daughter of Col. Washington Romeyn 
Vermilye. The Brinckerhoffs came to reside in Englewood in 1873, 
living in the stone mansion on the corner of Palisade avenue and 
Lydecker street. From this time Mr. Brinckerhoff was identified 
with the Protection society, the Gas company, the Bank, the Lyceum 
and the Englewood School for Boys. He was an elder of the Pres- 
byterian church and president of its board of trustees. His political 
service was comprised in the one term as mayor, 1900-1902. His 
business connections were numerous. He was a director of the Mer- 
chants' National bank and of the Harriman National bank, and had 
an interest in the firm of Mackay and Co. Mrs. Brinckerhoff was 
prominent in the social circle of the day, was a member of the Choral 
club and the Woman's club and was also interested in the Woman's 

Among the events of the year was the great advance made in the 
public schools. A four room addition was made to Liberty school 
and a system of scientific ventilation was installed in Lincoln school. 
These buildings were used for civic and social purposes, thus becoming 

[ 286] 

>^.,'S. i-L^^ 


llXJ-aJ-'' !> 




a factor in community life. The course of study was revised and 
broadened and the staff of teaciners at the end of the year numbered 

WiUiam M. Seufert received a well-deserved mark of apprecia- 
tion in his appointment by the governor as county judge. The appoint- 


ment was confirmed by the senate on March 1st, 1913. At the same 
date, James A. C. Johnson became president of the senate. 

The death roll of the year contains the names of many long-time 
citizens. Among those Avho were for long connected with the 
story of Englewood A^ere Frederick B. Schenck, Jacob S. Wetmore, 
Henry R. Wood, John W. Pitkin, Tucius Rockefeller, Henry M. 
Lichtenberg and William P. Coe. 

One of the last incidents of the year was the laying of the corner- 

[288 ] 


stone of the new Methodist church on Tenafly road, in which service 
Rev. Robert Davis and Rev. Fleming James took part. 

At the election in November, 1913, mayor Munroe was re-elected, 
defeating Charles J. Bates by 92 votes. Clinton H. Blake, Jr., de- 
feated Edward De Witt for councilman-at-large by 445 votes. Doug- 
las G. Thomson won o\-er Louis S. Weber, in the 3rd ^^'ard, by a 


majority of 135. William Cantwell nosed out William Conklin, in 
the 4th ward, by 20 votes. Englewood was honored by the election 
to the assembly of John J. Johnson. Mr. Johnson had the largest 
majority on the county ticket, about 2000, running as a democrat. 

On January 1st, 1914, Mr. Blake was chosen president of the coun- 
cil. Mayor Munroe's message again showed his interest in a police 
signal system, whose adoption he urged. The mayor called attention 
to the weakness of the fire protection system, especially as applied to 
the water supply. W. S. Gilhuly was made a member of the board 
of assessors and D. Eugene Blankenhorn police justice. WiUIam C. 
Tucker became president of the health board, to which he and John 
Onderdonk were appointed. Harry J. Smith became Mr. Ferry's 
successor as building inspector. The mayor named DwIght W. Mor- 
row on the library board. 

On January 6th, David J. McKenna appeared before the council 
on behalf of the City club and urged that the matter of the Depot 



park be taken up. A committee, with Mr. Blake as chairman, was 
instructed to look into the matter. 

A matter of interest to many citizens was the rounding up of an 
eminently respectable lot of property owners before judge Blanken- 
horn, on February 21st. The question was "why have you not re- 
moved the snow from your sidewalk?" Some few had alibis but the 
rest handed over two dollars in standard greenbacks, promising to 


do better next time. A favorite excuse for residents of Dean street 
was that the trolley sweeper had handed them snow that didn't belong 
to them. 

Plans were approved in March for a library to be built under the 
provisions of the Carnegie corporation. The plans, drawn by Edward 
L. Tilton, of New York, called for a building of 70 feet frontage, 
running back 40 feet, built of brick and cut stone with tiled roof. 
The interior arrangements Mere admirably planned for the comfort 
of readers and the convenient distribution of books. The contract 
was given to W. H. Whyte, of Hackensack, the lowest bidder. Dur- 
ing the erection of the new building, the old library was removed to 
the rear of the lot. 

An ordinance prepared b\' the mayor for the regulation of the 
police department was passed in April, the chief departure beino- the 
creation of a board of police commissioners, to pass on applicants, 

[290 ] 


etc. The first commissioners were Peter S. Duryee, Charles W. Hulst 
and Frank IVlaloney. An auxihary force, not to exceed twenty men, 
was provided for. An improvement in the fire department took place 
during the spring, a volunteer company being formed at Highwood. 
The council had applied salve to the sore spots by voting eight months' 
pay to the firemen who had served during a portion of 1913. Mayor 
iVIunroe stuck to his colors and vetoed the resolution, but the council 
repasseci it. 


During the summer, the county was in the throes of an attempt 
to change the large board of freeholders into a small board, it being 
claimed that the board was paying too much for road work and that 
the situation was dominated by the county engineer, Ralph D. Earle. 
Former mayor Piatt became so obnoxious to the engineer that the 
latter sued for hbel in the sum of $25,000, withdrawing the suit, 
however, as it came to trial. The small board proposal won out later 
on and the engineer Avas retired. 

In October, president Derby resigned from the board of educa- 
tion, Graham Sumner taking his place. In December, R. Maxwell 
Ingham became city engineer, Watson G. Clark having resigned. 

Frank Titus, chief of police, died on December 12th. He had 
been a most faithful official and his funeral, held in the lodge room 
of the Elks, was largely attended, exalted ruler Daniel G. Bogert 



conducting the ritual, the oration being dehvered by judge Seufert. 

The death is recorded on April 26th at Pittsburgh, Pa., of the 

Very Rev. Dion F. Best, father provincial of the Carmelite Order 

in America. Father Best was born in \Vales, in 1862, and had just 


completed the twenty-fifth year of his priesthood. Under his rec- 
torate, the new St. Cecilia's was built and dedicated. 

The new Methodist Episcopal church was dedicated on June 14th 
by Bishop Thomas B. Xeeley. The service was attended by a large 


congregation. The architecture of the church is Tudor-Gothic with 
square towers and blunt arches. The design was drawn by Charles 
Granville Jones, and is carried out in light-faced tapestry brick with 



artificial stone trim. Among several memorial windows is one in recol- 
lection of J. Monroe Alattison, who died on December 29th, 1913. 
Another event of the year was the purchase of the Eyceum prop- 
erty by the Citizens' bank. Englewood suffragists organized, on 
March 27th, as a separate branch of the Northern Valley Woman's 
Political L'nion under the leadership of Mrs. Dan Fellows Piatt and 
i\Irs. H. ^ . D. Moore with Misses Agnes Cooley, Ethel Barton and 
Louise Fox as lieutenants. Mrs. Frances Coe Reed and iXIiss Eliza- 


beth Doughty were prominent at this time in the county suifrage 

At the November election, Cornelius P. Kitchel and Edson B. 
Gorham were chosen councilmen from the first and second wards. 
As usual, Mr. Jamieson succeeded himself as clerk. Arthur Gatfield 
and AY. Irving Glover were successful as contestants on the repub- 
lican ticket for the office of freeholder. 

The appointments for 1915 were made, as usual, on New Year's 
day. Messrs. Drayton and Ruch were reappointed as counsel and 
physician. H. W. Zuber became city treasurer and James H. Coe 
auditor. John Pye became chief of police and the mayor appointed 
Thomas B. Kerr a trustee of the library. William Schermerhorn was 
subsequently made street commissioner and Cornelius C. Hayes, a 

[ 294 ] 




former inspector of police in New York, was chosen to fill the new 
office of "supervisor of public safety." The supervisor shortly gave 
a survey of police conditions, requesting a budget increase of $5,000 
a year for the department. The matter was referred to the committee 
of public safety. A police signal system was voted by the council at 
a cost of not over $2,000. 

Of interest to Englewood was the induction, on February 1st, of 
Thomas J. Huckin into the position of prosecutor of the county of 

Early in the year, the board of education brought forward a 
plan for the erection of a high school on the site of the then high 
school — the Jackson house, a frame structure, entirely inadequate. 
A public meeting was called and, acting on the sentiment there ex- 
pressed, the council voted a bond Issue of $150,000 for the purpose. 
A committee of citizens proposed the inclusion of a swimming pool 
in the plans of the architects, Ernest Sibley and J. J. Ferry. This 
was done, the money for the pool to be raised in part by private 

In October, Englewood lost, through death, the services of her 
poormaster, Thomas M. Hickey, whose natural kindness and cour- 
tesy had made him peculiarly suited to the office. The council passed 
suitable resolutions and named Arthur Gatiield as his successor. At 
this time, fire-chief Emil Ruch retireci on half pay and city treasurer 
Zuber resigned. Thomas A. Markham became chief and B. P. Bar- 
stow treasurer. 

Herbert Barber, prominent in mercantile marine circles, died on 
November 16th. He was born in Deptford, England, April 21st, 
1847, and came with his family to the L^nited States in 1880, making 
his home in Englewood. For several vears he was the managing resi- 
dent agent of the Monarch Line. After the failure of this company, 
Mr. Barber, in company with his brother, James Barber, starteci in the 
ship brokerage business. This developed into the ownership of steam- 
ships doing a carrying tracie to Europe and Africa, known as the 
Barber Line. Mr. Barber was a devoted churchman and was for 
many years vestryman and superintendent of the Sunday school of 
St. Paul's. He was a charter member of the Englewood club. In his 
memory the large west window of St. Paul's was later erected by 
James Barber. 

Mrs. Isabella Steele McCulloh, widow of James W. McCulloh, 
who passed aAvay on August 28th, M-as one of the early residents of 



the village of Englewood. She was the last of the charter members 
of the Presbyterian church, established in 1860. 

October 26th of this year brought the passing into life eternal 
of Rachel Demarest Lydecker, widow of Abraham Lydecker, at the 
ancestral home on Grand avenue. INIrs. Lydecker's ancestry went 
back to the first settlers of English Neighborhood. 

The election in November promoted Clinton H. Blake, Jr., into 
the mayor's chair, David J. McKenna being elected councilman-at- 
large. Before the end of the year, a special committee on the sew- 
erage question reported that its engineer, George W. Fuller, ap- 
praised the plant of the sewer company at $355,000. The company 
was willing to grant a brief option at the price of $548,862.28 — so 
nothing was done, except to decide that the matter would be taken 
up at a later date. It was shown, however, that the price asked was 
far in excess of all money paid into the company by the stockholders, 
easily double such amount, plus six per cent interest from the date 
of incorporation. 




p ^ 

e m 




T the last meeting of the Muiiroe administration, before 
noon on New Year's day, 1916, the mayor was pleasantly 
surprised when Grosvenor Backus, on behalf of a number 
' of citizens, said some nice things about Mr. Munroe's 
"four years of benevolent despotism," suiting the action to the word 
by the presentation of a gold watch. "His honor" replied aptly that 
he was glad to be the victim of one instance in which public service 
was not an entirely thankless task. 

Alayor Blake called the new council to order. Mr. McKenna 
was chosen president. The mayor's inaugural called attention to the 
inadequacy of the city hall, suggested action on a city park at the 
station, from West street to Dean street, urged the absorption of 
the borough of Englewood Cliffs and asked that taxi-cabs be brought 
within the licensing power of the council. The council's appointees 
had few new faces among them. They were: B. P. Barstow, treas- 
urer; D. E. Blankenhorn, police justice; Daniel G. Bogert, assessor; 
Charles W. Frost, fire commissioner; R. M. Ingham, engineer; Harry 
Smith, building inspector; sealer of weights and measures, James E. 
Fitzgerald. The fire board consisted of Charles Brucker, Allan C. 
Hoffman, William Marvin Coe and Walter T. Churchill. Miss Pros- 
ser was appointed to the library board and, later, Vernon Munroe 
took the place of Thomas B. Kerr, on the latter's resignation. The 
vacancy on the board of education caused by Mr. McKenna's "pro- 
motion" was taken by William Tallman. Mr. Benner, resigning at 
the end of March, was succeeded by Oscar W. Jeffei'Y- Daniel E. 
Pomeroy at a later date succeeded George E. Foley, resigned, on 
the board of police commissioners. As a committee on the depot 
park project, the mayor appointed Joel S. Coffin, chairman, Dwight 
W. NIorrow, George A. Graham, Harlan F. Stone, Abram DeRonde, 
George Van Keuren, Joseph H. Tillotson and Henry Zuber. 

Early in the year, the board of education made the not unusual 
discovery that more money would be needed to put the new high 
school in complete shape, asking for an additional $25,000. This 
amount was subsequently granted, though mayor Blake vetoed an 


Item of $5,000, needed to match the publicly-raised fund for the 
swimming pooh The council passed the item over the veto. An 
additional $12,000 was granted later, made necessary by the bank- 
ruptcy of the contractor. At this time, too, the question of the pur- 
chase of the sewer plant was again to the fore. Nothing was done, 
opinions being too divergent. At one extreme was ex-mayor Piatt, 
who declared that the appraisal of even the city's expert, Mr. Fuller, 
was far too high. At the other extreme was O. D. Smith, president 
of the company, who stood pat on the figure of his expert, Clyde 
Potts, who had figured costs at the high figure then prevailing, instead 
of average costs, as figured by engineer Fuller. Mr. Piatt claimed 
that money invested and earning power were the chief factors, and 
declared that $150 a share was a generous price for the stock. Sub- 
sequently, the executive committee of the city club memorialized the 
council, urging that an offer at this figure, good for sixty days, be 
made to the sewer company. This gave a total price of $262,500. 
Attention was called to the fact that the company asked payment for 
rights of way which had been freely received by it. The biblical text 
seemed to be not considered by the company. Later, the council de- 
cided to make an offer of $310,035 for the plant, provided the voters 
approved. No vote was ever taken, the company declaring it would 
refuse the offer but Avould arbitrate the matter, arbitrators to be 
chosen, two by the council, tv>'0 by the company, the fifth to be the 
chief engineer of the public utility commission of the state or any 
disinterested party chosen by the other four. 

In April, conditions both in Europe and on the Mexican border 
led to "preparedness." Mayor Blake urged military training in the 
public schools. This received the endorsement of the Englewood 
Rifle club, which haci been formed in March, with George B. Case, 
president; Gilbert U. Burdett, vice-president; E. E. Bennett, secre- 
tary; H. M. Ingham, treasurer; the real purpose of the club being the 
formation of a motorcycle machine gun unit in Englewood, in which 
it was shortly successful. 

There was much local military activity. Company F held drills 
every Monday evening, the new law concerning attendance being 
rigidly enforced. Reverend Robert Davis had been a pioneer In a 
military way, forming, in February, a mihtary training corps with 
thirty-two members, with major John W. Loveland as drill-master. 
A police dog club was formed in April, to train dogs for use on the 
battle-field. Harry Weatherby was president, the other officers being 
Rev. Robert Davis, D. E. Pomeroy, Albert Ditman and William B. 



Scarborough. Of more peaceful portent was the departure, on May 
4th, of Englewood's ornithologist, Dr. Frank M. Chapman, who voy- 
aged to South American wilds in pursuit of further knowledge. 

During the summer there was a call for six hundred members of 
the Red Cross, signed by Englewood's clergymen. In June, the local 


branch of the National Security League reported a membership of 
272. At this time, twenty Englewood men enrolled for the Plattsburg 
training camp and forty members of the Motor RiHe battery went 
for training to Fort Ethan Allen. Company F began recruiting for 
service on the Mexican border. The company left for Sea Girt on 
June 20th, after an appropriate leave-taking in depot park, where 
Rev. Fleming James and councilman Gorham made addresses, Cap- 
tain Hurd responding, and left for El Paso ten days later, to return, 
on November 3rd, from its spell of "watchful waiting." In the midst 



of this increasing preparation, the post ofEce was quietly moved from 
PaHsaele avenue to Dean street. 

While reports of war abroad and rumors of possible war at home 
were rife, Englewood lost one of its staunchest old-timers when 
Moses E. Springer passed on, April 14th, in his 89th year. He set- 
tled in Englewood m 1859, as a partner of Adriance Van Brunt m 
the building business. In 1872 he became an undertaker, establish- 
ing also a hard\'^-are and house-furnishing store. In 1890 he became 
secretarv of the Budding and Eoan Society, contmuing as such for 
many vears. He was superintendent of Brookside cemetery, ser\'ed 
hfteen years as school trustee anci ^^•as a charter member of 1 uscan 
lodge. Mr. Springer was a lay preacher in the Methodist church. 

The city budget, adopted May 16th, showed an increase of .'523,- 
845, because the higher cost of living necessitated many salary In- 
creases during the year. From time to time, definite statements have 
been made, relative to increases, which are interesting as a matter 
of comparison with present figures. For the future, too many sta- 
tistics will be avoided. During the summer James H. Coe resigned 
as city auditor, a new svstem of accounting having been installed that 
required more time than he could give. Mr. J. C. Wohlfert was 
appointed in his place. 

The "Englewood Forum" was established in jNLiy at a meeting 
held in Eiberty school. Its purpose was discussion of public prob- 
lems by citizens who were interested in civic affairs. Among those 
prominent in the organization of the P'orum were Mrs. Fred S. Ben- 
nett, Eeo H. McCall, Edson B. Gorham, Dan Fellows Piatt and 
John J. Johnson. At the first regular meeting, in June, the citv 
budget was the topic discussed, with the council in attendance. 

On May 18th, Clinton Hamlin Blake passed beyond, after a long, 
active life. Mr. Blake was born in Brooklyn, November 11th, 1843, 
was educated at the Polytechnic Institute and came to Englewood 
in 1863, making his home at the Englewood House. He was then 
starting on his business career in the wholesale drygoods district, 
with Goring, Sawyer and Company. Later he became a member of 
the firm of Sawyer, Blake and Bramhall, which firm was afterward 
Sawyer and Blake. In 1872, Mr. Blake married Mary G. Parsons, 
daughter of E. S. Parsons, a distinguished educator of Albany, and 
of Lucy Stanley, a sister of the late William Stanley. The first home 
of the Blakes was the stone cottage on Brayton street. Later they 
occupied the Parsons house, directly opposite. Mr. Blake's partici- 
pation in l^nglewood affairs began in the days of the old Protection 

[ 302 ] 


society, when he was a member of Its board of directors. When the 
township was incorporated, Mr. Blake was chairman of the commit- 
tee which framed the charter of Englewood. He was president of 
the Improvement Association when the project of a bank was started. 
The Citizens' bank was organized at a meeting in the Blake house. Of 
this institution Mr. Blake became the second president, after the 
death of Mr. Mackay. Mr. Blake was a staunch republican. He 
was councilman from the first ward in 1897, filling the unexpired term 


of Leonard E. Curtis. Mr. Blake served several terms as trustee 
of the library. 

During the summer, Englewood placed an embargo on visiting 
children, owing to the widespread epidemic of infantile paralysis. 
Doctors Phillips, Holmes, Best, Hufl^, Proctor and Ruch were ap- 
pointed to assist the board of health in devising protective measures. 
The public schools did not open until October 2nd. As a result of 
these precautions, Englewood fared remarkably well. 

The completion of the fund for part payment of the high school 
swimming pool was announced in July by the committee in charge, 
of which Arthur E. Foote was chairman and James H. Prentice 


The election in November was a quiet one, Messrs. Thomson and 
Cantwell being re-elected to the council. 

An event of the year, which some regarded as a misfortune but 

[303 ] 


the truly pi'Ogressi\-c considered a blessing in disguise, -was the destruc- 
tion of Lincoln school by iire in October. The building, opened in 
1870, had long since outlived its usefulness from the modern educa- 
tional point of vie^v. Additions had been made to the structure from 
time to time and a great deal of money had been spent in the process. 
The fire terminated the question of patching or rebuilding and there 
can now be no lingering regret at this dispensation of Providence. 
The board of education took up the matter of a new school on 
December 2nd; $31,163 was received from the insurance companies 
on the old building. ,\t a joint meeting of the council and board, 
later in the month, it was decided to erect an entirely new school, 
salvage of the old building being impracticable. Guilbert and Betelle, 
of Newark, were asked to prepare plans. Construction of the new 
building began on October 20th, 1917. The adoption of the plans for 
the school was n \\carv business, the architects seeming unable to meet 
the city's ideas as to cost. J'^nies L. Bried was the successful bidder 
on the job, at a price of Sl35,000, about .^25,000 of insurance on 
hand, plus the bonds, .'-;110,000, paying for the M'ork. 

St. Paul's church lost two devoted members this year. John Tip- 
per, who had been a resident of ]'.'nglewood for about fifty years, dieci 
on December 7th at the age of 76. For thirty years he had conducted 
a market on Palisade aA'cnue so successfully that he had been able to 
retire from business twelve years before his death. Mr. Tipper was 
born in Quebec, April 2Sth, 1840, coming to Englewood about 1866. 
In his will Mr. Tipper made bequests of $500 each to his church, 
to Tuscan lodge, and to tlie library, and the remainder to the hospital. 
All these were to be paid after the death of his wife, who haci a life 
interest in the estate. Mrs. Tipper survived her husband barely a 

Henrietta Lowell Sawtelle, who entered into the higher life on 
December 29th, was born in Norridgework, Me., May 31st, 1832, 
coming to Englewood in 1865 in the prime of her young womanhood. 
She was the daughter of ^L•. and Mrs. Cullen Sawtelle and resided 
with them in the family home on Engle street, north of Spring lane. 
In her fifty years in Engle^A'ood, Miss Sawtelle was an active worker 
in St. Paul's church from its beginning. She was the founder of the 
Englewood Exchange for Woman's work and was one of the early 
supporters of the hospital. She was a woman of artistic taste, prom- 
inent in the intellectual circle of her day. The last member of the 
immediate family is Miss Katherine L. Sawtelle, of Church street. 

1916 was a good year for the Englewood club, the president, 



Marinus W. Dominick, building and donating the beautiful east room 
for use as a library. Again the year ended with a brilliant municipal 
Christmas tree in Depot park. 

Nineteen hundred and seventeen entered full of rumors of war, 
war and its waging. The present historian's duty is to chronicle mat- 
ters of civil interest which bore small relative value to the part Engle- 
wood took In the world struggle. 

^ — " — 






K '" ^^^^^S^^ 



The council met on January 1st, with no change in membership 
or appointees, with Mr. McKenna again chosen as president. A brief 
glance at the happenings for the year shows the completion of the 
assessment map of the city, on which street commissioner Schermer- 
horn had been working for thirty months. The map had long been 
needed. It cost $6,799 — moderate, considering the amount of work 
involved. On May 1st, chief John J. Pye was presented with a gold 
badge to mark his twenty years of service on the police force. In 
June, an ordinance was passed abolishing the office of fire commis- 
sioner, creating in Its place a board of three commissioners, the first 
members being Paul A. Salembler, C. B. Hayward and Andrew 
Snowden. The change made chief Markham the executive head of 
the department. The budget, adopted In the same month, showed a 
total of $265,790, of which $86,550 was for school purposes. A 
state law, enlarging the sinking fund commission from three to five, 
was complied with in the choice of D. F. Piatt (president), D. F. 
Sweeney and George E. Hardy, with the mayor and city treasurer, 



ex officiis. In July, Dr. Louis Ruch became acting city physician dur- 
ing the absence of Dr. Valentine Ruch on army service. The method 
of paying the councilmen was changed by ordinance in October, the 
charge of two dollars for all meetings yielding to a net figure of 
three hundred dollars a year, which still stands, pace the high cost 
of living. The November election made but one administrative 
change, Messrs. Blake, McKenna, Kitchel and Jamieson being re- 
elected. George E. Hardy took the place of Mr. Gorham, who be- 


came freeholder. Another Englewood man to fill a county office was 
Dr. W. F. Willoughby, who became coroner. Later in the month, 
finis was written upon an old institution when the tri-township poor- 
house was surrendered to the county, which became responsible for 
the care of the inmates, who were removed to the county home. 

Li spite of war activities, public building operations in Englewood 
were numerous. First thei-e v,as the new Lincoln school, already 
described. In February, came the dedication of the "Italian Mission," 
now known as "Memorial Flouse," the gift of Mr. and Mrs. William 
M. Imbrie. In August, the Galilee Methodist Episcopal church, on 
Armory street and Englewood avenue, was dedicated. Early in De- 

[306 ] 


cember, the renovated Presbyterian church, with a new organ, a 
chancel and 200 extra seats, all at a cost of ?75,000, was rededicated. 
Finally, St. Cecilia's Carmelite priory, whose cornerstone was laid on 
June 24th, was ready for occupancy. This fine white-sandstone buiki- 
ing, James L. Bried contractor, became the seat of the novitiate of 
the American Carmelite pro^nnce and headquarters of the provincial. 
Very Rev. Basil A. Kahler. Ten Carmelite fathers and fifteen students 
entered into residence on Christmas day. 


Other incidents of the year included the endorsement, on April 
23rd, by the Woman's club, of woman suffrage and local option, the 
resignation of Vernon Munroe as head of the hospital, for reasons 
of health, on March 21st, and the damage done to the Field club 
house by fire on August 19th, when the loss amounted to twelve 
thousand dollars. 

Englewood in wartime is treated fully in the second part of this 
history. A brief running chronicle may not be unacceptable, how- 
ever, in this place. First, we have the drives. The first big drive, 
that for the Red Cross, in June, netted $210,000. The first Liberty 
Loan had been taken by the banks and had no drive. The drive 
for the second, in September, had S. S. Campbell as chairman. The 
Y. M. C. A. drive, in November, went nearly 70 per cent above its 

[ .307 ] 


quota. The Y. W. C. A., under xVlrs. Robert E. Speer, easily raised 
the $10,000 asked for. The Bergen county membership drive of 
the Red Cross, at Christmas (D. F. Piatt, county chairman), was 
deemed a success. Committees of various kinds, both volunteer and 
official, helped carry on. In March, mayor Blake appointed a com- 
mittee of public safety, F. C. Walcott, chairman, and a committee to 


confer with the board of education, relative to military training in 
the schools, Robert C. Post, chairman. In September, a county 
organization was formed, under the presidency of D. W. Morrow, 
to care for the welfare of the soldiers at Camp Merritt. This was 
later merged into the War Camp Community Service, with D. F. 
Piatt as president and Harris E. Adriance as chairman of the board. 
A "religious activities committee" for the camp, another county 
organization, had Rev. Fleming James at its head. The mayor 
instituted a branch of the Women's Council of National Defense, 
with Mrs. F. S. Bennett as chairman, and appointed a committee to 
care for the spiritual and physical comfort of soldiers, consisting of 
Mrs. Bennett, Father Quigley and Edwin M. Bulkley. 

[ 308 ] 


Mayor Blake became chairman of the "Exemption Board" of the 
district, under the draft law, and ex-mayor Piatt became county heaci 
of the National Fuel Administration. Home gardens and club gar- 
dens gave the youngsters a chance 
to do their bit. Junior activities 
were limited by the curfew law, 
which kept the younger citizens 
off the streets after 8:30 P. M. 
During the summer, rapid work 
was done at the camp. The first 
soldiers to arrive came early in 

Registry day was the 7th of 
June. Englewood felt the solem- 
nity of the occasion and gave 
appropriate observance. The first 
drafted man to go from Engle- 
wood was Morrell Birtwhistle. 
He was given a hearty send-off as 
he departed for Wrightstown on 
September 5th. The next day the 
5th Regiment, including Company 
F, entrained for Anniston, Ala- 



[309 ] 


bama. Company F was shortly transferred to the lU4th Battahon of 
Engineers. On September 4th a big party \^'as given the drafted men 
at the armory, with dancing, supper and the presentation of "comfort 

At various times throughout the vear the motor battery and the 
home guards ^^ere called upon for night patrol and the protection of 
vital points in the systems of the various utility companies serving 
the public. No proof can ever be offered to show danger averted. 
But the effort was there and the willingness to serve, to give confi- 
dence against another day of crisis. 

The administrative slate for 1918 showed few changes. Again 
Mr. McKenna was chosen to sit at the top desk. I'he mayor named 
Mr. Zuber to the library board, Mr. Sumner to the board of educa- 
tion and Edson B. Gorham to the sinking fund commission. Dr. E. 
N. Huff became acting city physician. In March, engineer Ingham 
resigned to take service with the government. In April, Engle street 
and Grand avenue became county roads. In May, the budget ordi- 
nance, carrying $309,490, was passed. In July, A. J. Reed became 
supervisor of public safety. On September 26th, Mayor Blake re- 
signed to become a captain in the Signal Corps, U. S. A. Mr. Mc- 
Kenna was nominated for the vacancy and Avon without opposition 
on November 5th, being SAA'orn in the next day, Mr. Thomson taking 
his place as president of the council and Charles J. Bates being 
appointed councilman from the third ward. Two faithful public 
servants were lost to the city in the death of street commissioner and 
city engineer William Schermerhorn, in November, and of super- 
intendent of schools Dr. Elmer C. Sherman, in December. Dr. 
Sherman was sixty-four years old. He graduated at Hamilton Col- 
lege, taking his Ph.D. at New York University. He had been in 
charge of Englewood's schools since 1904, the period of their greatest 

Another matter of local interest was the election of Robert C. 
Post as president of the hospital, on February 19th. In April, the 
West Side church had its twentieth anniversary. In July, "Father 
Angelus" left his charge at St. Cecilia's for St. Joseph's, Eeaven- 
worth, Kansas. Father S. J. Quigley succeeded him. The Fourth 
of July parade was a very patriotic one. Things were very dubious 
and our boys Avere iust beginning to reach the front. During the 
month the Englewood School for Boys, then in use as an inn, was 
given to the hospital as a nurses' dormitory by Mrs. W. L. Pierce, 
in memory of her husband, a former president of the hospital. 



Drives continued through the year. George E. Hardy reheved 
Mr. Campbell when the fourth Liberty Loan, in September, had 
succeeded the third, raised in April. January saw the filling of the 
war chest of the Knights of Columbus, William Conklin leading. 
Next came the drive of the War Camp Community Service under 
Edward S. Brockie. The Y. M. C. A. drive, in May, netted $1 19,772. 
Later in the month, the Red Cross, under Mr. Andrews, raised 
$223,000. In June began the campaign for the sale of war savings 
stamps, aided by the Girls' Patriotic League. The United War Work 
drive came in November. Under George E. Hardy and Peter S. 
Duryee it yielded $123,032. 

The winter of 1917-18 was a cold one. Snow fell early and 
often, impeding a full flow of coal, in which there was already a 
shortage, owing to the speeding up of industry. There was suffering 
in different places near Englewood, though the local dealers made 
heroic efforts to get coal to critical cases. "Heatless Mondays" were 
inaugurated and people were told to conserve electric light. "Light 
is fuel" came the order from Washington. On this basis, fuel ad- 
ministrator Piatt got into a controversy with the Public Service 
Corporation when he ordered street lights out in the county on moon- 
lit nights, when snow was on the ground. The state administrator 
was for milder measures and Mr. Piatt had to subside, though most 
of Bergen's municipalities passed resolutions sustaining him. More 
trouble for Mr. Piatt came when he opposed an ordinance, intro- 
duced by Mr. Kitchel, providing for the licensing of news vendors. 
The intent was to prevent the sale of the Hearst papers in Engle- 
wood. Mr. Piatt contended that the council had no jurisdiction. 
Counsellor Drayton said it ha(i. The imminence of a successful suit 
for damages compelled the repeal of the ordinance. Of the same 
nature was the decision to bar teachmg of German from the schools 
and German language papers from the city, done by consent and 
with no opposition. War psychology makes many things seem right 
and inevitable. 

Englewood unfurled her service flag, with its 307 stars, at the 
city hall on January 23rd. Mayor Blake made a brief address and 
the flag was flown beneath the national emblem. Another impres- 
sive occasion was on Memorial Day, when Grosvenor Backus was 
the orator at Liberty school. Many patriotic rallies were held at 
the historic Liberty Pole throughout the war. A small thing, yet 
one with appeal to thoughtful citizens, was the conservation of peach 
and other fruit stones, for use in making gas masks. The world 



trouble touched Englewood closest, however, in the suffering under- 
gone by soldiers and civilians during the influenza epidemic of Octo- 
ber. As that condition was growing better, came the Armistice, the 
cause of the greatest rejoicing the ^^'orld has ever seen. 

A notable event from the educational standpoint came on Novem- 
ber 25th, In the opening of the new Lincoln school. Miss Lillian 
Hover, principal, made the chief address. Other speakers Avere 
mayor McKenna, Graham Sumner, president of the board of edu- 
cation, and Dr. Elmer C. Sherman. William Tierney led the audi- 
ence in community singing. 

During 1918 Oscar W. Jeftery was honored by appointment to 
the New Jersey state board of education. 

Durmg the last two years of this period many well-known and 
esteemed members of the community completed their work and en- 
tered into rest. The first on the roll of those who died in 1917 is 
Edward Prime Coe, the son of George S. Coe, Sr., and of Almira 
Stanley, who went away on February 8th. Mr. Coe was a direct 
descendant of John anci Priscilla Alden. He was born in Brooklyn 
in 1851 and came with his parents to Englewood in 1865, to the 
first home on the corner of Palisade avenue and Woodland street. 
He was a graduate of Williams. On the incorporation of the city 
he served as councilman from the second ward. Mr. Coe married 
Margaret Duryee, daughter of Peter Duryee, of Brooklyn. He was 
active in social and civic life anci was a charter member and one-time 
president of the Englewood Club. 

Andrew D. Bogert died on March 30th. Born in the old Bogert 
homestead in Teaneck, in 1835, he was a direct descendant of Guil- 
liam Bougaert, who settled in Teaneck in 1697. His activities as 
a builder and in politics have been chronicled in the preceding pages. 

On April 24th, Englewood lost an old resident by the death of 
Kufus Allen Gorham, who was born at Mattapoisett, Mass., August 
18th, 1839. As a young man he came to New York, where he enlisted 
in the 47th Regiment in the Civil War. On his discharge in 1862, 
\lr. Gorham married Hester A. R. Smith. They came to Engle- 
wood in 1869. Mr. Gorham was associated in the real estate and 
insurance business with Henry C. Jackson. He was active in town- 
ship affairs and a prominent worker in the Methodist church. 

Emile Ruch, ex-chief of the fire department, died on March 24th 
at the age of fifty-four. He was connected with the fire department 
for over thirty years. On the same date Mrs. Martha J. Burdett, 









widow of William A. Biirdett, passed away, leaving one son, Lieut. 
Gilbert U. Bui-dett. 

On June 30th died Theophilus Crum, a resident of fifty-five years' 
standing and the oldest surviving member of the Methodist church. 

Gilliam D. Bogert, of the old Dutch family of that name, went 
home on July 2nd. Fie was born in Teaneck, August ISth, 1849, and 
took up his residence in Englewood as a young man. He engaged 
in the business of building, first in partnership with his brother 
Arthur and later for himself. He was a long-time member and 
secretary of the board of health. AF". Bogert was a member of the 
Christian Reformed church, and was laid to rest in the South church 
cemeterv, Bergenfield. 

Cornelius Sweeney, former street commissioner and a faithful 
public official, died on July 27th. He was a resident of Englewood 
for fifty-five years. 

NF's. Sarah P. Barber, widow of Herbert Barber, died at her 
home on Lincoln street on August 6th, at the age of sixty-eight. 

Fimothy Rafterty, born in 1848 in Galway, F-eland, died on 
August 9th. He had lived in this country sixty-six years, principalh' 
in Englewooci and vicinity. 

The story of William C. Davies has already been detailed in this 
history. Born in L'tica, N. Y., October 5th, 1843, he spent fifty-five 
years in Englewood. His business and political activities fall within 
that period. The summary shows him as an upright, valuable citizen. 

Greatly regretted by many friends, Mrs. Marie Antoinette 
Doughty fell asleep in peace on September 25th at her home on Engle 
street. Three months later, on December 13th, a former Englewood 
Avoman of ability as a writer, Martha Burr Banks, passed away at 
her home at Green Farms, Conn. She was a daughter of the late 
Colonel Henry W. Banks. 

James R. De Camp, born in Fondon, December 25th, 1860, resi- 
dent of the city since 1882, died on November 19th. He was an ex- 
service man in the F^. S. NaA-y and was a painter by trade. He was 
a former president of the C. B. F. and past grand knight of Madonna 
Council, K. of C. 

Among the losses by death in 1918 was Horace F. Congdon, 
who passed away on February 19th. He was a director of the 
Citizens' bank, a charter member of the Englewood club and a 
warden of St. Paul's. He was a man of charming personality and 
culture. Delos Bliss, a resident of Flighwood for many years, died 
on July 17th. Fie \A-as vice-president and general manager of the 



Dodge and Bliss Lumber Company of Jersey City, and invented and 
perfected many devices in the making of boxes. He was vice-president 
of the Pahsades Trust Company, a charter member of the Englewood 
club and a vestryman of St. Paul's. 

Jennie E. Mackay, widow of Donald Mackay and daughter of 
Dr. Daniel Wise, died on June 10th. Mrs. Mackay began her mar- 
ried life in Englewood, coming from Brooklyn in 1866. 

Joseph Thomson, born in Scotland in 1846, who died in Engle- 
wood July 22nd, 1918, was a man actively identified with the growth 
of Englewood. His name is found in both township and early city 
records. He served in politics as he conducted his business, with 
inflexible honesty and sincerity of purpose. 



H^^^I^B* ' 


^^^^ ''^^^m^^^^^S 

•* ^f^S^^^^ ijCjtiTiiiwiiiiP^HB 






S RELATED in the preceding chapter, in order that the 
balance of the council be restored without delay, mayor 
McKenna entered upon his duties the day following the 
November election. On New Year's Day, 1919, the 
council organized according to custom, the members unanimously 
choosing Douglas G. Thomson as president. The mayor's message 
recommended the erection of a city hall as a soldiers' memorial, with 
a room designed as a receptacle for trophies and for the special use 
of ex-service men. The mayor suggested the possibility of extending 
the city to its proper limit on the east, by the return of the borough 
of Englewood Cliffs to its original fold. The message, with its 
important suggestions, was received with deep attention. The mayor 
announced the following appointments: Library trustee. Miss 
Harriet R. Prosser; board of education, William Tierney, Jr.; sink- 
ing fund commission, Daniel E. Pomeroy; police commissioners, 
Peter S. Duryee, Edson B. Gorham and A. G. Wilkin. Later, Dwight 
W. Morrow was appointed library trustee. A change occurred in 
the high school faculty on January 9th, when Raymond F. Smith 
became principal in place of Dr. Winton J. White, promoted to the 
position of the late Dr. Elmer C. Sherman. 

To the great regret of all Englewood, Rev. Robert Davis, on 
April 13th, resigned from the charge of the Presbyterian church. At 
the annual meeting of the hospital, Robert C. Post was elected presi- 
dent, James W. Escher, treasurer, and Mrs. William B. Scarborough, 
secretary. The announcement was made that an arrangement had 
been made with the Henry Street Settlement, New York, through 
which nurses might receive training in social work, which would fit 
them to serve in the local babies' dispensary. At this time Engle- 
wood was saddened by the news of the death of Richard E. Cochran, 
a long-time resident who had served through the war as president 
of the local branch of the Security League. During this first month 


of the year the city hall flag was displayed at half mast as a mark of 
respect to the late ex-President Roosevelt. 

A matter that caused many at this time to side with the mayor 
was the proposal of the council to pass an ordinance providing special 
police officers to be appointed by the council. This infringed on the 
prerogatives of the mayor, but M^as put through at the end of a four 
months' controversy, city solicitor Drayton advising that the state 
law was compulsory in the matter. Many good lawyers thought 

Early in the year a change occurred in the board of health. Dr. 
F. C. McCormack resigning on account of the pressure of professional 
duties. Benjamin Woodruff was chosen as the doctor's successor. 
Changes came, too, in church and school, the Rev. James G. Bailey 
of the West Side church and Raymond F. Smith, principal of the 
high school, tendering their resignations. Mr. Bailey, after eight 
years in Engle^'ood, left for a wider field under the Presbyterian 
Board of Publication, with special devotion to Sunday school work. 
Mr. Bailey was succeeded bv Rev. David A. Johnson, who was in- 
stalled on October .30th. 

The public library suffered the loss of four trustees during the 
year, Messrs. Morrow, Zuber and Munroe resigning for business 
reasons, and Dean Stone because of his leaving Englewood. The 
new appointees were J. Archibald Thomson, M. W. Dominick, Joseph 
H. Tillotson and Joseph Andrews. Later in the year. Reverend 
Henry C. Myer, of St. John's Lutheran church, resigned to become 
assistant director of the Wartburg orphanage at Mount Vernon, 
N. Y., where he had been educated. Mr. Myer was in Englewood 
for seven years. At the end of the year Mr. Hardy resigned as 
councilman from the second ward, on account of his health. Alex- 
ander Turner was appointed in his place. 

Englewood rejoiced in the return of her soldiers from overseas, 
a large contingent arri-^'ing on the Maticliiiria on May 21st, compris- 
ing those members of Company F that had become part of the 104th 
Engineers, 29th Division. Philip De Ronde, chairman of the mayor's 
committee of welcome, together with the mayor and Messrs. Duryee, 
Tierney, Sherwood, Huckin, Wm. Marvin Coe, Thomas E. Curry 
and others, went on his yacht to meet the steamer. 

From time immemorial, parades have been the accepted medium 
of displaying public sentiment, especially when that sentiment has 
been one of joy. P'ollowing the homecoming of the boys, there were 
three patriotic occasions during the year which called for this time- 



honored expression o.f feeling. The Decoration Day parade was in 
charge of a committee headed by Major W. Marvin Coe. There 
were new heroes to be honored in connection with the men of '61, 
there were new ideals to be maintained and new faith to be pledged 
to country and flag. These thoughts found expression in the patriotic 


speeches of mayor McKenna and the Rev. E. C. Scudder. Another 
and more important parade, as to size, occurred on July 4th. Doug- 
las G. Thomson was chairman of the committee of arrangements 
and mayor McKenna and Philip De Ronde acted as grand marshals. 
The festivities ended with a block dance, also a reversion, except the 
"block," to another and classical form of expressing joy. The first 
anniversary of Armistice Day was the occasion of the third parade, 
which was followed by a beefsteak dinner at the armory for about 
five hundred ex-service men, who were addressed by the mayor and 



Dwight W. Morrow, with a vaudeville entertainment as the con- 
cluding feature of the day. Not to be outdone by mere men, the 
county organization of the Girls' Patriotic League had a parade on 
October 11th, followed by a program which included field sports. 

"Drives" of various kinds were still continuing. The hospital's 
Mayfair netted $3,500 as against $1,000 in 1918. The Building 


Seated: Sue H. C. Kerr, W. J. While, A. S. Davis, Bertha M. Saui-man 

Standing: Hannah W. Mitchell, F. D. Mabrey, Lillian F. Hover 

and Loan association's drive resulted in the sale of 4,000 shares, the 
association previously showing an increase of assets, for its thirty- 
second year, of $112,000. For Jewish relief about $20,000 was 
raised. The local Red Cross membership, while large, fell from 
8,307 to 6,531 in 1919. In the campaign for Near East relief, 
Melville Chater and Rev. Charles H. Boynton gave vivid descriptions 
of their personal experiences and Rev. Major Davis wrote letters to 
the Press describing the conditions at Erivan. Other drives, of in- 
terest on account of the prominent part taken in them by Englewood 
citizens, were those for Smith College (Mrs. Dwight W. Morrow, 
national chairman), Harvard IFniversity (Thomas W. Lamont, 
national joint-chairman, ^'crnon Munroe, chairman for northern New 
Jersey), and for the Roosevelt Memorial (Major D. E. Pomeroy, 

[ 322 ] 


county chairman, Louis S. Coe, Englewood chairman). Ex-mayor 
Blake was county chairman for the Near East drive early in 1920. 
It may well be noted here that Englewood's quota for the five loans — 
liberty and victory — had been five and one-half millions. The amount 
subscribed was eight and one-half millions. 

During 1919, a great deal of discussion took place over the pro- 
posed depot park, in connection with the soldiers' memorial and a 
new citv hall. At this time, sentiment seemed to be entirely in favor 

^^iS*4Si<f: "^ 


of placing a memorial shaft to the west of the station, in the park, 
and building the city hall on the west side of West street, facing east. 
The Press, ex-mayor Blake, Abram De Ronde and others urged the 
matter, which was in line with the recommendation of the committee 
appointed by mayor Blake, and J- Frank Howell appeared in several 
characteristic letters, urging action. Robert C. Post, however, 
thought a memorial hospital would be a splendid thing. Mayor Mc- 
Kenna appointed a memorial committee, with Joel S. Coffin as chair- 
man and Philip De Ronde vice-chairman, which was in favor of a 
shaft, in combination with the park plan of the Blake committee. The 
Woman's club showed its Interest by requesting that women be added 
to the committee. No definite action on any feature of the proposals 
was taken until early in 1920, when the council, on motion of Mr. 



Turner, voted that options be obtained on the property on the west 
side of West street, facing the proposed park. 

Of future interest, perhaps, is the report made by the mayor, at 
the request of the council, on the desirabiHty of the "city manager" 
phm of government. After a thorough investigation, the mayor's 
report was very favorable, the fly in the ointment being put there 


by the lack of enabling legislation to make the plan feasible in New 

The high cost ot living was recognized by the raising of the 
salaries of poHcemen, firemen and receiver of taxes. The teachers 
of Englewood, about ninety in number, received a bonus of $150 
each. The state utilities board, with like generosity, granted the 
water company an increase of 17>4 per cent in rates. Another piece 
of contemporary generosity was Mr. Allison's gift of a site for the 
proposed memorial at Camp Merritt. The camp, by the way, was 
stdl in service, being closed in February, 1920. 

During 1919, Englewood Post of the American Legion was 
formed, with H. V. D. Moore as commander and R. G. Rolston, vice- 
commander. Highwood formed a post (commander, T. R. Brown) 
underthe title "North Side." Early in 1920, the colored service 
men formed a post, naming it for Henry Douglas, an Englewood 

[ .326 ] 











man who died fighting in Champagne. William Sanford was chosen 
commander. A reorganization of the year was that of the Boy 
Scouts, with Clarence D. Kerr as head of the council and Earle 
Talbot as scout commissioner. 

Political results in November showed mayor McKenna winning 
unopposed; Douglas G. Thomson defeating Dr. M. J. Sullivan for 



councilman-at-largc by 626 votes; George J. Faulkner defeating Mr. 
Bates for councilman from the third ward by 138 votes; and Charles 
H. Greenberg winning the same office in the fourth ward over Wm. 
F. Willoughby by 68 votes. Of Englewood men to run outside of 
Englewood, Daniel E. Pomeroy became republican state committee- 
man, W. Irving Glover was elected to the assembly (to be chosen 
as speaker of the house), and William M. Seufert had the honor 
of running unsuccessfully for the state senate. Democratic success, 
however, came in the head of the ticket, Edwards winning over 
Bugbee for the governorship. 

Englewood lost many good citizens in 1919, among them John S. 
Westervelt, master builder, who passed away at his Brook avenue 
home on April 30th, at the age of 78. He was born at Schraalen- 
burgh and Avas a Civil War veteran. He served as school trustee 
and commissioner of appeal and was a deacon and elder of the 



Christian Reformed church, where he had been superintendent of 
the Sunday school. Few of Englewood's citizens have been as highly 
regarded. William E. TilHnghast died on May 11 th, in his eighty- 
third year. He also was loyal to his church, St. Paul's, which he 
served for many years as vestryman and warden. He was a retired 
member of the stock exchange, employing his last years by attention 


to the affairs of the Brookside Cemetery. St. Paul's suffered again, 
on June 16th, when it lost its senior warden, George Whitefield 
Betts, at the age of 78. Mr. Betts was connected with Devoe & 
Company, in the paint business, for over sixty years, being long the 
head of the export department. He gave close supervision to the 
building of the new St. Paul's and the parish house. Mr. Betts 
served in the Civil War with the 23rd Regiment of Brooklyn. He 
came to Englewood in 1870, taking an interest in the Improvement 
Association and the sewer company, of which latter he was an officer 
at the time of his death. 

Ex-councilman Walter Westervelt died on June 30th, in his 76th 
year. He was born in Teaneck, moving to Englewood in 1871. For 
many years he was cashier of the West Side Bank in New York. 

[ 329 ] 


Ezra Crocker Dillingham died on May 19th. Born in 1837 at 
Sandwich, Mass., where his ancestor, Edward Dillingham, had settled 
in 1637, he came to New York in 1871 and to Englewood three years 
later. Mr. Dillingham was in the real estate business. For about 
forty years he was secretary of the board of trustees of the Presby- 
terian church. 

Julia Jones Duncan, widow of General Samuel A. Duncan, en- 
tered into rest at the home of her daughter, Mrs. McGregor Jenkins, 
near Boston, on January 21st. She was born on January 30th, 1841, 
at East Washington, N. H., and was educated at the district school 
and neighboring academy. As a child she showed great musical 
talent and at the age of nine led the choir in the village church. In 
adult years, Mrs. Duncan developed rare proficiency as a singer and 
as a player on the piano and organ. For a while she was a teacher 
in the district school, and later worked among the convicts in the 
state prison at Concord, organizing choirs and classes. Shortly after 
the Civil War broke out she followed her brother to Washington, 
where she engaged in hospital and prison work, having a host of 
friends among the best known people at the capital. At the close of 
the war she married General Samuel A. Duncan, of Meriden, N. H., 
a village not far from her own home. The Duncans came to Engle- 
wood in the early eighties and entered into the social life of the day. 
Mrs. Duncan was one of the organizers of the Choral club and was 
the first president of the Exchange for Woman's Work. General 
Duncan died in 1895 and for many years thereafter Mrs. Duncan 
resided with her son Frederick S. Duncan and his wife, Emily Brinck- 
erhoff Duncan. Her later years were passed with her daughters, 
Mrs. Jenkins and Mrs. Duff, in one of the suburbs of Boston. 

Thomas B. Cuming, one of the most popular among the young 
set of his day, died in a railroad accident on January 12th. He was 
born in Rochester, N. Y., October 28th, 1873, and resided with his 
uncle, Roswell H. Rochester, in Englewood, during his school and 
college life. He was an alumnus of Stevens Institute, with the degree 
of mechanical engineer. He was greatly interested in athletics and 
was captain and manager of the Englewood Field club baseball team. 
He was also a famous football player. Mr. Cuming saw service in 
the Spanish-American W^ar as a member of the Naval Reserve as- 
signed to duty on the cruiser Yankee. He married in June, 1900, 
Laura Bliss, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Delos Bliss, of Highwood. 
Mrs. Cuming died in 1916. 

[ 330 ] 


On New Year's, 1920, mayor McKenna delivered a fine message, 
his principal emphasis being on the creation of a park at the station 
to contain a war memorial; on "Americanization"; on daylight saving 
and the purchase of the West Side 
field for a park. The new council- 
men, Messrs. Faulkner and Green- 
berg, having taken their seats, the 
following appointments were an- 
nounced: Thomas J. Huckin, to 
the board of education; D. Eugene 
Blankenhorn, police justice; Wil- 
liam S. Gilhuly, to the board of 
assessors; Dennis F. Sweeney, sink- 
ing fund commissioner; Dr. Wal- 
ter Phillips and Benjamin Wood- 
ruff, to the board of health. The 
mayor announced the appointment 
of W. W. Dominick as a trustee 
of the library. Later, Edward 
Smullen and Joseph Daily were ap- 
pointed city engineer and street 

commissioner, respectively. A later ^^^^^^ ^ ^^^^^^ 

appointment came on November 

16th, when Mrs. Charles W. Hulst was put on the board of educa- 
tion in place of Graham Sumner, resigned. 

An early excitement of 1920 was the capture of a thief who 
robbed the R. C. Rathbone house. He was arrested by Officer 
"Larry" Dotson as a suspicious character, shot the officer without 
removing his pistol from his pocket, and was in turn winged twice 
and later recaptured. None of the wounds proved serious. More 
vexatious was the action of the county authorities in accepting a plea 
of guilty, with a light sentence, with no notification to the Englewood 

The city budget for the year was increased from $204,600 to 
$227,194, of which $69,500 was for schools. Increased salaries of 
the firemen and police accounted for part of the difference. Gold 
badges were given to Officers John E. Early and Daniel K. Dunshee 
in token of their twenty years' service on the force. The fire depart- 
ment was put on a two-platoon basis on April 4th. 

Early in February, a three-day snowstorm put the trolley out of 
business and also postponed the college men's dinner under the 

. [331] 


auspices of Yale. ^Vfter a two months' postponement, this was held 
with success, the best feature being the first public appearance of the 
Rev. Carl H. Elmore, who had been called to the pastorate of the 
Presbyterian church. Another dinner ^^•as given on the thirtieth anni- 
versary of the Englewood club, the eight remaining charter members 
being invited guests. Only five were present — Wilbur F. Corliss, 
Henry B. Palmer, Andrew J. Ditman, Oliver Drake Smith, Joseph 
H. Tillotson; the other three — William O. Allison, Edward R. Bar- 
ton and Henry W. Banks, Jr. — missing the festivities. Mr. Smith 
and Thomas B. Kerr were the speakers of the occasion, both of them 
to be lost to Englewood later in the year. A third dinner, in May, 
launched the campaign of the Communitv club for a new club house. 
The Field club held its annual meeting as usual, and marked the 
retirement of Louis S. Coe from the presidency, after three years' 
service. The president in succession was Edward S. Brockie. 

The trainmen's strike, which brought Englewood into the news- 
papers, occurred in April. A tie-up of the Northern was prevented 
by the volunteer activities of citizens, who performed the duties of 
firemen and trainmen. Any mention oi the matter would be incom- 
plete that did not include the prominent part played by Cameron 
Blaikie. Englewood's espril dc corps here shown, gave birth in the 
mind of the mayor to the germ that grew into the People's Insti- 
tute," for the intelligent discussion of problems of the day. This 
was launcheci in May by a committee appointed by the mayor, with 
C. B. Hayward as president and Daniel G. Bogert as secretar\'. 

Englewood celebrated various anni\-ersaries in 1920. The 
Knights of Columbus reviewed twenty years of prosperity. The 
Woman's club made record of twenty-five years in a meeting ad- 
dressed by Miss Sterling, the first president. The Citizens' National 
Bank showed the growth of its deposits in thirty years, while Mr. 
and Mrs. Abram Tallman rejoiced in a golden wedding anni\-ersary 
on September 27th. 

In addition to Mr. Elmore, two other newcomers came to Engle- 
wood pulpits in 1920. Rev. Wilbur B. Mallalieu preached his first 
sermon at the Methodist church on March 28th, succeeding Mr. 
Scudder, who has found a congenial field in Paterson. On May 14th 
Rev. Theodore ]v Palleske was duly installed as pastor of St. John's 
Lutheran church. On the other side of the ledger was the departure, 
for work In China, of Dr. Lee S. Huizenga of the Christian Reformed 

A date to be noted is November 2,3rd, when Brown O'Brien post 

[ 332 ] 


of the veterans of foreign wars was formed in Englewood under the 
leadership of Dr. SuUivan, full organization occurring in January. 
Personal notes for the year include the visit to Japan and China of 
JNIr. Lamont, on the business of the consortium, with the sequel, Mrs. 
Lamont's story of the trip before the woman's club; and the election 
of D. E. Pomeroy and William Conklin as delegates to the republi- 
can and democratic national conventions, respectively. Mr. Pom- 
eroy was elected in the interests of Leonard Wood, against whom 
Senator Johnson of California made a close race in New Jersey. In 
the micist of the contest, complaint was made that the markers at the 
station, then blazoning the name ''Englewood" on the grass of the 
terrace, had been cleverly rearranged to read "Genl Wood." 

During the year, William S. Gilhuly was made chairman of the 
republican county committee, being later succeeded by another Engle- 
woodian, George W. Betts, Jr. The summer was full of excitement, 
due to the action of the mayor, looking to a strict observance of the 
Volstead act; to the presidential nominations and campaign; and to 
the question among the women as to whether the suffrage amend- 
ment would be put through in time for the election. This was finally 
decided bv the fa^'orable action of Tennessee. 

The election in Englewood was preceded by action of the council 
in placing three questions on the ballot, for a yes or no vote. The 
first provided for an issue of :^320,000 of bonds for the putting 
through of the project of a park at the station, including a new 
station and the removal of the Ireight yards to below Englewood 
avenue. The second named $350,000 bonds for the building of a 
city hall, fire house and jail, in one structure, and the purchase of 
a site, location not mentioned. The third provided an increase in 
pay for the firemen. The voters carried the first by 76 votes, defeat- 
ing the other two by 434 and 1,452, respectively, the administration 
announcing itself as opposed to the third proposal. The state-wide 
proposals of a $12,000,000 bonus for veterans and for a tunnel 
under the Hudson were carried in Englewood by 2 and 1,930 votes, 

Mr. Harding carried Englewood by 1,946 majority. Mr. Glover 
was again sent to the assembly and E. B. Gorham was elected free- 
holder, topping the republican landslide with the highest majority 
ever given a candidate in the county. Robert Jamieson became city 
clerk ao-ain and H. Leroy Pitkin and Alexander Turner councilmen 
from the first and second wards, all three without opposition. 

On December 12th, the memorial tablet to Dr. Elmer C. Sher- 

[ 333 1 


man, head of the schools during 1904-1918, was unveiled, with appro- 
priate ceremonies, in which Dr. Sherman's work for the city and his 
character as a man were extolled. 

On January 11th, the death of Robert C. Reid, in an automobile 
accident, at the age of 44, was a shock to the community. This was 
followed, on January 31st, by the 
passing away of John G. Wurphy, 
for many years in the employ of 
Donald Mackay. 

Thomas B. Kerr died in April, 
at the age of 71. Only the year 
before, IN'Ir. Kerr had been given 
the degree of LL.D. by the Uni- 
versity of Pittsburgh, of which he 
was the oldest graduate. Mr. Kerr 
specialized in patent law and was 
counsel for the Westinghouse in- 
terests at Pittsburgh, 1887-1890, 
then coming to Englewood, where 
he served in many public ways — in 
the West Side church, on the school 
and library boards, to mention 
only a few. Englewood owed much 
to what he did, more to how he 
did it. 

William L. Nellman met a distressing death on IVIay 3rd, through 
being thrown from his motorcycle. He was an Englewood boy, 
spending his life here until he was taken away at the age of 52. 

Of riper years was Adolph H. Engelke, who died on August 1st, 
aged 76. Mr. Engelke was a past regent of the Royal Arcanum 
and had served as superintendent of the Sunday school of his church, 
the Methodist. 

One who had taken a most active part in Englewood's life passed 
on when Oliver Drake Smith died on August 25th, in his 67th year. 
The chronicle of his activities is scattered over the preceding pages. 
To recapitulate, Mr. Smith was the "reorganization" first mayor of 
Englewood, having previously served as assemblyman and member 
of the township committee. He had been president of the board of 
health and the road board, \\'as city treasurer and, for a year, post- 
master, while a contest for that office was being decided. Mr. Smith 
was president of the Sewer company and the Brookside Cemetery 




association and had been president of the Englewood club. He was 
a director of the Trust company. 

The death of Dr. Frederick Clarke Bradner, on August 31st, was 
another loss to Englewood, to which he came in 1902, having com- 
pleted his course at Princeton and the college of Physicians and Sur- 
geons and his hospital apprenticeship. Dr. Bradner was on the hos- 
pital board and was in his 48th year. Thomas Leslie Fox had a 
longer life behind him when he passed away on November 14th, in 
his 92nd year. He had been engaged in the dry goods business in 
Englewood for fourteen years. Another local business man departed 
on November 29th, when Philip M. Weidig, for long proprietor of 
a well-known butcher shop, passed away in his 62nd year, leaving a 
host of friends. 

The New Year's meeting of the old council, in 1921, afforded an 
opportunity to say good things about Mr. Kitchel, retiring after six 
years of service. The pleasant task fell to the mayor, who made his 
speech the prelude to the gift of a loving-cup, presented by the mayor 
and council. A further evidence of appreciation was the gift of a 
fountain pen de luxe, by the heads of the city departments. 

When the new council convened, Mr. Thomson was made presi- 
dent. Mr. Pitkin made his debut with a well-received speech. The 
mayor's message was read, proposing that the salaries of the police 
be raised, that the sewer plant be bought by the city, that the prohi- 
bition amendment be strictly enforced, and that the war memorial be 
promptly provided and that a city hall be built on the old site at a 
cost of $175,000. In advocacy of the last, he cited the fact that the 
jail had just been condemned by the state authorities. 

The council's appointments were made as follows: Counsel, 
Albert L Drayton; physician. Dr. Ruch; to the board of assessors, 
J. Marshall Gorham; to the board of health, Hugh Hazelton and 
Henry W. Stone. Other appointments were laid over until the 
salaries could be raised by ordinance. When made, later, Messrs. 
Barstow, Markham, Wohlfert and Daily were reappointed as treas- 
urer, receiver of taxes, auditor and street commissioner. The mayor 
announced the appointment of Miss Prosser to the library board, of 

D. E. Pomeroy to the sinking fund commission and of P. S. Duryee, 

E. B. Gorham and Arthur Wilkin as police commissioners. The 
mayor also suggested that the fiftieth anniversary of the segregation 
of Englewood as a political unit would occur on April 10th, and that 
a celebration would be in order. As a sequel, the mayor later ap- 
pointed a committee of arrangements, with Douglas G. Thomson as 



chairman, and the council, at the request of the mayor, appropriated 
$490 for the production of a history of Englewood, to include also 
the record of Englewood's service men in the war. A history com- 
mittee was later appointed by the mayor, with P. S. Duryee as 

The high cost of living was reflected by the 1921 budget, amount- 
ing to $253,181, not including schools. 



The question of the city hall was again to the fore on February 
15th, the point in dispute being Avhether or no the council should 
take direct action or appoint an advisory committee of citizens, seem- 
ingly demanded by the fact that the voters had turned down the city 
hall proposition when it had been submitted. The mayor and council- 
men Faulkner and Turner were against a committee, but Messrs. 
Thomson, Greenberg and Pitkin were for it. Mr. Greenberg favored 
the West Side field as a site, the others being for the old location. 
A committee of thirty-six was subsequently appointed, meeting with 
the council on March 7th, Mr. Greenberg having been won over to 
the old site in the meantime. After much discussion, a sub-committee 
of five was appointed to report back to the full committee. Its report 
was made on March 28th, unanimously in favor of the old site. This 
report was strenuously fought by ex-mayors Blake and Piatt and 

[336 ] 


Messrs. Hazelton, Huckin, Homans, Brockie, Brucker and Melcher, 
objections being to the noisiness of the location, the lack of space and 
landscape features and to the increasing of the future traffic problem 
on Palisade avenue. The report was beaten by a vote of eight to 
two, President Thomson ruling this to be of no effect, owing to the 
fact that a quorum was not voting. The meeting adjourned and met 
again on April 20th, when the report was adopted by a vote of seven- 



teen to seven, proviciing for a building on the old site at a cost of 
$175,000. Messrs. Piatt and Blake were not to be convinced by the 
decision, demanding to the end that the matter be left to the voters. 

Another important question was that of the war memorial. The 
organizations of service men advocated making the armory a me- 
morial, for the use of the men, through its purchase and donation by 
citizens. Mayor McKenna expressed himself as favoring this, but 
urged also the erection of a monument. The memorial committee, 
under Philip De Ronde, appointed a sub-committee, which declared 
that the armory proposal was not advisable, as the coming formation 
of a company of engineers in Englewood would be sufficient to hold 
the armory to its original use, in place of its sale as a garage, as at 
one time contemplated. The committee decided upon a monument 
for the memorial, to be erected on the school grounds on Engle street. 

[ 337 ] 


Another matter of interest was the question of closing the shops 
on Wednesday afternoons, so that the employees might get the half- 
holiday impossible for them on Saturdays. To Frances Coe Reed 
goes the credit for the energetic urging of the reform. Another 
important event was the formation of the central council of welfare 
agencies, under the chairmanship of Orlando B. Willcox, to be a 
clearing house for Englewood's charitable and social work. 

Events of the late winter were the raising of $52,000 for the 


famine-Stricken Chinese, through a five cent dinner (sold for a dollar) 
at the armory, the election ot Rev. Robert E. Speer as president of 
the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, the falling 
ot the Liberty Pole (later renewed) in a high March wind, the big 
fire at Camp Merritt, which occurred in the same month, and the 
publication of the census figin-es, showing an increase from 9,924 in 
1910 to 11,627 in 1920. 

The most interesting event of the spring, so far as this history 
Is concerned, was the double celebration of Englewood's fiftieth anni- 
versary. The first part of the commemoration began on April 9th, 
«ith a meeting at the high school. Mrs. F. S. Bennett acted as 
historian, telling the tale of EngJewood from the earliest times. A 
feature of the evening was the decorating of the older citizens with 
badges of different colors, according to their length of residence. 
Gold badges, to those he^^: for seventy years or more, went to Court 
L. Vanderbeek, Mrs. Marv ^'anderbeek, Mrs. Van Waoonp,- \T 

[338 J 


Josephine Palmer, Abram Demarest, Mr. and Mrs. Henry D. Van 
Brunt, Richard Vreeland, Wm. O. Allison, Rachel Ann Bogert, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Haring, Jacob A. Bogert, John A. Bogert, Mrs. E. A. 
Brinckerhoff, Mrs. Wm. H. De Ronde, Cornelius J. Terhune, Jacob 
Brinkerhoff, Mrs. Rachel Bogert, Mrs. Jennie Bogert, Mrs. Mar- 
garet Baker, Mrs. Richard Demarest and Harry Jackson. On April 
10th, appropriate services were held in all the churches, welcome fea- 
tures being two hymns, one entitled "Englewood," written by Sophia 



C. Prentice (Mrs. James H. Prentice) and the other, by Amelia J. 
Burr, beginning "Praise God for memory." The second or outdoor 
part of the celebration sought to propitiate the gods of the Aveather 
by the selection of a later date. Success crowned the delay, May 21st 
being a lovely day. The festivities began in the morning, when th 
pupils of the public schools carried out most impressive exercises in 
Mackay park. In the afternoon everybody paraded, varied "floats" 
adding to the interest. In the evening Englewood danced on Palisade 
avenue. It was a great day. Even "Doug" Thomson, chairman of 
the celebration committee, admitted it. The Englewood Press did 
itself proud by producing an illustrated anniversary number, so that 
we could read about ourselves. 



A familiar figure passed from the city when Charles C. Townsend, 
former chief marshal of the Protection society, died on January 12th, 
at the age of seventy-six. He had lived in Englewood for over fifty 

William L. Pierce died on August 31st. A graduate of Dart- 
mouth and an able patent lawyer, he was public-spirited and served 
the Presbyterian church as elder and trustee, and the hospital as 
president. Mr. Pierce at one time taught at his Alma Mater. 

On September 22nd Charles W- Willis passed on, aged 70. He 
was known to many as the agent, from 1897, at the Englewood sta- 
tion, a lesser post which he took in his declining years. George W. 
Hooven and Frank V. Tildesley were Englewood losses late in the 
year, on November 11th and 22nd, respectively. 

Here, properly, this history should end. But record should be 
made that the schools of Englewood are about to have a full-fledged 
athletic field, to the east of Cleveland school, on ground generously 
donated by Malcolm Mackay and Charles Brucker. Let there be 
record also of the fulfilling b}' mayor McKenna of his term as mayor 
and his desire to serve no longer, a desire that resulted in the nomina- 
tion and election in November, 1921, of Clarence D. Kerr as mayor 
over Dr. Valentine Ruch, Jr., by a majority of 336. At the same 
time, Lieutenant-Colonel Harry V. D. Moore won the councilman- 
ship-at-large over George J. Faulkner by 684 votes, the latter, how- 
ever, remaining as the representative of the third ward. 

Before turning the last leaf in The Book of Englewood there 
comes before the mind of the writer thought of those of the second 
generation of the early settlers who in their time gave something to 
the progress and beauty of their native place. There is Thornton 
Floyd 'Furner, architect of St. Paul's church, who expressed in its 
design a reverent, poetic spirit, .^nd in memory there comes the 
spiritual message of music which William Chester drew from the 
organ keyboard. I'.nglewood music owes much, also, to Constantine 
Weikert, pupil in Leipsic of A'on Bulow, who has been in charge of 
the music department at Dwight school since 1889. In his early 
days here AL-. Weikert v/as preceptor to the Ladies' Amateur Quar- 
tette club, organized by Mrs. Samuel A. Duncan. Again there 
flashes in recollection A\'illiani Stanley, Jr., to whom the routine of 
school Mas a bugbear, but who became an eminent electrician and 
in\'entor. I'hrough the course of years is the shifting picture of men 
antl women, sometimes a little cramped by inelastic doctrinal limita- 
tions, but with hearts sound and true. Progress \^-as making its way 

[ 340 ] 


In the outlook upon life, with an ever-increasing conception of human 
relationship and obligation. Growth slow but sure has given us today 
a very wide-awake and progressive Englewood, in which we take 
just pride. 

And there are men and women, too, in many walks in life, some- 
time residents of our city, who have made names for themselves in 


the land. There is Dr. Francis Carter Wood, pathologist, whose life 
work is research to find the cause and cure for a dreaded malady. 
There are men among us now who are deeply interested in welfare 
work, and we have a distinguished art critic whose name it is not 
necessary to mention. We have Frank M. Chapman, America's 
leading ornithologist, who first studied in the Teaneck woods. Engle- 
wood claims kin to David Cory, who displays wonderful insight into 
child Hfe and teaches high ideals in his stories for children, which his 



readers absorb with the tale. Who would have thought that Seward 
Prosser, given to youthful joking, would ever become a solid financier? 
His eminent associates in finance, the late Henry P. Davison, Thomas 
W. Tamont, Daniel E. Pomeroy and Dwight W . Morrow, need no 
publicity in these pages, but must be mentioned as leaders in the 
modern Englewood. We have Katherine Jones Bennett traveling 



across the continent, speaking and working for the Woman's Board 
of Home Missions with as much vigor as if it were the first instead of 
the thirteenth year. And we had William A. Burdett, whose life work 
remams a blessed memory in the hearts of the congregation of St 
John's, Nordhoff. We have fine churches, commodious schools, a 
people's institute, a garden club and the Woman's club, now a civic 
factor. Girls go to college as a matter of course and adult women 
go to the polls as a matter of course. All this spells healthful prog- 
ress, finally, Englewood has a good government, with the new city 
hall a-budding, a depot park in prospect and a soldier's memorial, a 
tunnel and a bridge somewhere in the stage setting. May the be- 
ginning of her second half-century be prophetic of what is to follow I 

[ 342 J 







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Part II. 



HE proper presentation of the material, gathered from 
many sources to form a permanent record of Englewood's 
war-time activities, has caused the committee on the pub- 
hcation of this history much concern. When the call was 
sent out for the stories of each of the various agencies, which func- 
tioned so efficiently during the crisis, the response was most satisfac- 
tory. The president or chairman or secretary of each unit sent in 
the record in great detail. In general these stories are so voluminous 
that if they were included verbatim in this history It would be neces- 
sary to publish two volumes instead of one. The committee feels that 
raising the price of the history to the minimum at which two volumes 
could be sold would hamper the general distribution of the books and 
defeat the plan which the common council had in mind when It author- 
ized this publication. 

Therefore the committee, acting as seemed best to it after full 
consideration, placed all the war-time material In the hands of Miss 
Sarah J. Day, asking her to write the general story, a perspec- 
tive rather than an analysis, of I'mglewood In war-time. This she 
has most ably done. The manuscripts submitted by each organization 
have been filed by the committee In the Public Library, for perma- 
nent reference. A short digest of each article follows Miss Day's 

The committee has taken great care In the preparation of the 
Honor Roll, the list of men Avho gave their lives In the war, but the 
list is possibly not complete. Five of the records were obtained from 
families who had moved away from Englewood after the son or 
brother or husband enlisted In the service. There may be other men 
who lived In Englewood at the time of enlistment who paid the sacri- 
fice with their lives but whose record Is not available. 

The committee extends the thanks and the gratitude of the city 
to those who compiled and submitted the records which have been 


used for this section of The Book of Englewood, and which have been 
filed in the Library. 

Englewood presented a striking proof that nowadays it is not 
merely armies, but whole peoples who prosecute warfare. No sacri- 
fice was too great, no burden too heavy to be willingly assumed by 
those who stayed at home. The following pages will give some idea 
of what they accomplished. 


[ 348 ] 

By Sarah J. Day 

HE worth of a community, the spirit that is in it, receives its 
truest test when some great and sudden need arises, call- 
ing men away from their common pursuits, asking for ef- 
fort and sacrilice and devotion to the general good. The 
community that most eagerly heeds the call, that forgets local issues 
in a generous absorption in the common cause, is a potent factor in 
the national well-being. 

Tet us see what Englewood did and thought and gave forth in 
the tremendous crisis of the World War. 

Immediately upon the outbreak of hostilities in 1914, there was 
work for the women of our still peaceful nation in providing dress- 
ings and other supplies for the victims of the battlefields of Europe. 
One group met at the home of Mrs. Payson that fall, to work for 
the British War Relief, and in 1915 a Red Cross Society was organ- 
ized to work for all the nations engaged in the conflict. The next 
year this was merged in an Englewood Chapter of the American Red 
Cross, with weekly sessions at St. Paul's Parish House. Some of 
our women took training to qualify them as leaders for the rest, and 
by February, 1917, we were meeting daily in the disused Methodist 
church on Grand avenue, and were becoming a thoroughly organized 
and instructed body of workers under the headship of Mrs. J. H. G. 
Mills. Hospital supplies were made in enormous quantities, packed 
and shipped at the rooms, a very high standard being set and main- 
tained for the Englewood output. One hundred and fifty women were 
trained here in home nursing, and received certificates from the 
Washington examiner; classes were also instructed in first aid and 
surgical dressings. Every Englewood woman was expected to pledge 
the maximum number of days and hours possible to her time and 
strength. The older pubhc school students organized as a Junior 
Red Cross, and the children had their own club for hospital sewing. 
A nation-wide war fund campaign resulted in 9,000 subscribers from 
Englewood, almost literally its entire population, and $223,000 was 
collected, of which 5 per cent was retained for local use. 


With 1918 the fever of endeavor increased. Our own boys were 
at the front; the very dressings shaping beneath our hands might be 
needed for their wounds. Hundreds of boxes of hospital supplies, 
tons of clothing, bedding and linen were shipped. Every day the 
scene in the old Methodist church was the same : tables covered with 
white gauze and supplies, surrounded by women in their lovely Red 
Cross worker's costume, through whose hands the thousands of yards 
of merciful softness flowed, taking form in all sorts of bandages and 
dressings and being endlessly packed in huge boxes in the outer 
room. Another picture is of the great Red Cross parade in New 
York, and Englewood's line ranks of uniformed women, passing the 
reviewing stand in front of the Public Eibrary. 

War is a singular and appalling instance of the survival of ancient 
barbaric custom through centuries of increasing civilization and dom- 
inance by reason. To defend a principle or adjust a boundary we 
still resort to wholesale violence and slaughter. Modern science even 
adds the new arguments of air raids, submarine torpedoes and gas 
bombs. But the instant the evil is accomplished, the physical hurt 
given, civilization rushes in, to repair, to reclaim, with all modern 
skill and Christian pitifulness. The Red Cross is at the heels, nay, 
by the side of the warrior. And so long as brute force survives 
among nations as the substitute for reason, so long must our young 
men stand forth to defend home and country, to give their bodies 
to be broken for them, and our women must follow after to bind up 
and console. 

Christian Scientists of New Jersey did their share in caring for 
our boys going overseas through their Comforts Forwarding Com- 
mittee and War Relief Committee which maintained a Welfare House 
at Camp Merritt. Emily Bliss Roberts and Mary S. Moore were 
Englewood representatives in this work. 

Already, in 1915, our Englewood men consulted General Leonard 
M. Wood as to some plan for preparedness, and the Englewood 
Motor Battery Rifle Association resulted. Within it was a motor- 
cycle machine gun battery. The twenty young men forming this went 
up to Fort Ethan Allen for training in August, 1916, taking part 
also in the September maneuvers at Plattsburg. There were 337 in 
the Rifle Association when, in March, 1917, came a call from Mayor 
Clinton Blake for a quiet mobilization at the city hall. The motor 
battery was ordered to guard the water supply and pumping stations, 
and another company the various public utilities. A night in the 
woods around the reservoir, with a possible Hun behind every tree, 



a possible bomb in the hands of every passer-by — here was a field 
for the most adventurous ! The motor battery then moved into 
quarters at the Armory and went forth to guard all vulnerable 
points, by organized relays, day and night. 

A Mayor's Committee of Safety, appointed in March, 1917, at 
the request of the state adjutant-general, acted in the directing of 
the safety and emergency measures throughout the city. Frederick 
C. Walcott was chairman and he, with Mayor Blake, attended the 
organization of the New Jersey State Council of Defense at Trenton, 
our mayor serving as a member of its council. Upon the dismissal 
of Ambassador von Bernstorff, Mayor Blake advised Governor Edge 
that our local defense organization was prepareci to co-operate with 
the state in any way desired, this being the earliest offer of a local 
municipality for general aid, according to an editorial in the New 
York Times. A few days before the declaration of a state of war 
by Congress, on that historic Good Priday, 1917, a mass meeting of 
our citizens con^'cned to express the eagerness of Englewood for the 
instant doing of that which national honor and humanity were de- 
manding as inevitable. 

With the actual entry of the United States into the struggle, the 
Rifle Association was merged into the Home Guard, which was 
divided into three classes of volunteers, formeci into six companies, 
part pledged to acti\'e service for the state and city, and part for 
such duties as men over forty-five or physically disabled might per- 
form. The city was divided mto sections and patrolled continuously 
from 8 to 1 1 P. NL With the return of these tired warriors, some 
one of the loyal wives waiting at home serveci a cozy supper of hot 
coffee and creature comforts to regale the whole patrol. 

When the building of Camp Merritt began in 1917, the Home 
Guard evening patrol was needed to control the conduct of the thou- 
sands of rough workmen passing through Englewood and lodging 
here. A strict curfew law was enforced from this time on. The 
Home Guard was now constantly depleted by its members leaving, 
as volunteers or drafted men for army service, but the ranks were 
filled up and the weekly drills and instruction went on vigorously. 
There was a deep and unselfish determination to that training of 
body and spirit which would enable our community to face the duties 
and sacrifices the war imposed, both upon those who went forth and 
those whose place was at home. 

It was an Englewood man who was appointed inspector for the 
Bergen County portion of New Jersey's share in the work of the 

[ ,352 ] ■ 


American Protective League, which handled the investigation of sus- 
picious individuals or circumstances during the stress of war. A 
lieutenant and three or four assistants were charged with Englewood 
matters. Another Englewood man was made captain of a district 
including the northern valley. Possibly the best thing accomplished 
under this surveillance was the clearing up of unjust suspicions against 
really loyal German-Americans. One German coachman was sup- 
posed to be flashing signals to passing troop trains; it was found 
that a sagging board in his bedroom floor tipped his mirror as he 
walked about, and caused the reflection of his electric light to flash 
across the valley! A league member, investigating the report of a 
woman who was sure her German neighbor had been testing small 
quantities of explosives in an outbuilding, found that a tame rabbit 
had caused the miniature detonations by kicking out the sides of his 
box, on the night in question. But it was also a league man who 
discovered, in a hut where a lunatic was reported to live, two or three 
extremely sane and skillful German chemists, who were manufacturing 
dynamite and had already accumulated a large supply. These aliens 
were shipped to the internment camp at Atlanta. 

Extraordinary measures of precaution and surveillance were 
needed for Englewood, and for her, too, was oftered an unusual field 
of service, because of the nearness to our city of the great embarka- 
tion camp at Tenafly, Camp Merritt. As soon as this camp was in 
use for the soldiery, in the fall of 1917, a number of activities for it 
were put in force by an organized "Community Service." The Meth- 
odist church opened its very complete club for the use of the men, 
with bowling alleys, pool and billiard tables, writing facilities, smoking 
room and showers. The Parish House of the Episcopal church was 
offered for dances and a weekly entertainment was also given for 
the boys. Here, too, the community chorus was later organized by 
Edward Sanger. Oflicers' dances were held in the high school. The 
school swimming pool was used by the boys on an appointed day, 
weekly. Presently a regular War Camp Community Service club was 
opened on West Palisade avenue, moving later to Dean street, where 
the boys could gather to smoke and chat, strum or play on a piano, 
as their gifts enabled, play quiet games or read; and from 5 to 11 
P. M. they could find, in the cafeteria, sandwiches, coffee, pie and 
cake in largest proportions at smallest prices. The cafeteria was 
run by daily relays of women volunteers under the leadership of 
Miss Mary H. Pratt. 

Before the base hospital was ready at the camp, the sick men 



were sent to our Englewood Hospital, where our women visited the 
convalescents to cheer and care for them. And the well boys at 
camp were frequently invited to our homes for a "good" dinner. 
Especially was it a Sunday practice to have a group of soldier boys 
"come home" to the noonday dinner, and take an auto ride, if it 
were not a gasless afternoon. On one day each week an auto squad 
of ten to twenty cars took convalescent soldiers for a two-hour drive. 
Our service at the camp was as constant as that within our town 

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borders. Our women were there daily, serving in organized relays, 
at the hostess houses or in the cafeterias. Here it was that one felt 
the full meaning of war to the boys who went forth and to the families 
all over the land who were giving them up. From the farthest west, 
from north and south they would come, father, mother, little brother 
or sister, when word came to them that their trained soldier boy, 
now at the embarkation camp, had been summoned for the over- 
seas journey. For these dear visitors lodging must be found, orderlies 
sent to notify their boys, all possible service and sympathy rendered. 
Numberless were the tragedies witnessed by our women there : of 
the father who mortgaged the farm that he and the old wife might 
make the thousand-mile journey to the camp, only to find their son 
had sailed; of the mother from Dakota, answering a summons to 
her boy In the hospital, and having to be told that her only son, and 



she a widow, had gone out on a longer journey. Oh, the heartbreak 
in that sorrow, when the young volunteer, eager to fight for his coun- 
try and his home folks, met instead the lonely wrestle with the last 
enemy, Death ! For him an equal honor with his victor-comrades on 
the field, and for his fireside a deeper sympathy ! 

"There was no talk of the glory of war at Camp Merritt," says 
one of our hostesses. "The comment we heard most often was, 'It 
is a hell of a job, but it's got to be done.' Or 'You can't let kids 





grow up in a world where this sort of thing is happening all the time.' 
That was the spirit in which most of them went." How unworthy, 
how disloyal the talk we were forced to hear at times, even in high 
places, that Americans went into the fight "to save their skins" ! 
It Is a repudiation of the best that was in our young manhood. The 
hostess quoted above says she remembers, with a recurrence of the 
chill it caused her on that mid-summer day when she asked one of the 
boys first returned if there were any truth in the stories of atrocity, 
and the lad, who had run away from college to enlist, looked at her 
with a still brooding and said, "You haven't any equipment in your 
mind to make you able to understand the things I've seen, and God 
knows I couldn't try to put it there." 

"Say, are you real?" asked one boy, with a funny, shy smile at 
the Englewood girl behind the cafeteria counter, "or am I just dream- 



ing you ? When I was lying out in the mud over there I used to dream 
about just this — a sure-enough girl handing me sure-enough food, but 
I always waked up before I got it." 

Our Englewood girls! What part were they taking in the great 
drama? What were they giving, in self-restraint and womanly sym- 
pathy and girlish gayety, to the thousands of their brothers who 
thronged our streets and crowded our trolley cars ? How did they 
determine to make their young womanhood never a hindrance and, 
to the utmost possible, a help? At two mass meetings held for 
them, in the fall of 1917, under a plan formed by Mrs. F. S. Bennett 
of the Council for National Defense, six hundred of our girls ex- 
pressed their desire for patriotic service and Idealism by signing a 
pledge "to uphold the standards of my country, my community, myself 
and other girls, and to give personal service Avhenever possible for 
my country, my community and other girls." Many of the members 
of this new Girls' Patriotic League were already organized as Girl 
Scouts, Camp Fire Girls, Girls' Friendly, etc. New groups were 
formed for the added members and all went to work with a will. 
To furnish Christmas presents for the 1,900 boys of the 49th Infantry 
in garrison at Camp Merritt, for that Christmas of 1917, was the 
first big endeavor. In the spring of 1918 the Interest of the girls was 
asked for the base hospital at the camp and thousands of articles 
were made by them for the sick and wounded soldiers. Later In the 
spring they gave a musical revue and raised eleven hundred dollars 
for materials to carry on their various enterprises. The girls also 
helped In Red Cross work and in the many drives and campaigns of 
all sorts. Of course, they were indispensable at the weekly dances 
for the soldiers In the Parish House. They gave many additional 
entertainments for the boys at their roomy headquarters In the Twist 
and Murray building. The high personal standard of conduct to 
which their pledge held them is best expressed in these lines, written 
for them by Amelia Josephine Burr and given to each of the league 
members : 


Our Country gives the young men she has treasured, 

To suffer — and to die, perhaps — for you; 
By God's o«n standard let your gifts be measured; 

To their own highest, hold your champions true. 
To keep our Country free, our children fearless. 

Our -women clean, they face the hell of war. 
Arm them with memories pure to courage peerless! 

Give them a womanhood worth dying for! 



Much enthusiasm was created among our girls and women for 
the more homely work of canning and other food conservation, which 
went on apace with the community garden efforts of boys and girls 
alike. About a hundred young gardeners were employed on a tract 
of thirty acres on Liberty road, and some five hundred more children 
had small plots at or near their homes. Demonstrations in canning 
were given through a term of weeks in the several wards of our city. 
Some of our girls were prize winners at state and county fairs and 
some were engaged to give demonstrations in other towns. 


All this in those summers of 1917 and '18, when our minds were 
so racked with suspense over the news from the battlefields that we 
felt the meatless and wheatless days, the sugarless cookery, even the 
coalless bins of that bitter winter between, only as a relieving outlet 
to our intense desire for service. Our young, hurriedly trained boys 
were now at the front, venturing their eager but untried strength, 
shoulder to shoulder with their outwearied brothers of France and 
England. Our tears were falling upon gold stars that we were stitch- 
ing into the spaces of the dark ones on the banners that hung in 
churches and schools. More and more serious effort was being asked 
of us as a nation. All eyes were turned to our America; all hands 
were stretched out to her. "Send us men — and more men ! Food, 
more and more food! Send money, money, money." 



Whether because many Englewood men held financial and ad- 
visory positions of government importance, or because of the more 
than average prosperity of many others, certain it is that the quota 
set for our little town, in each of the great loan campaigns, seemed 
In astounding disproportion to the number of our inhabitants. Yet 
we always enormously exceeded the amount prescribed ! There was 
no campaign for the First Liberty Loan, the banks being the sub- 
scribers. In the Second Liberty Loan, October, 1917, the quota for 
Englewood, of the two billions required by the nation, was $916,000. 
The amount subscribed by 2,818 of our citizens was $2,149,600 — 
two and one-third times the demand! In that anxious springtime of 
1918, when a three billion loan was asked by our government, and 
Englewood's quota was placed at only $699,000, we went over the 
top with a yet larger percentage of excess, subscribing $1,664,050. 
The fourth campaign came that same fall, when the government 
needed the enormous sum of six billions. Englewood's share was 
set at $1,448,000, being about one four-thousandth part of the 
nation's need. And still we did more than the required; our sub- 
scribers increased to 4,309 and the amount of bonds taken was 
$2,131,000. Again In the contributions to the United War Work 
Fund, from a total of $500,000 among the 51 towns in Bergen 
County, Englewood gave one-quarter of that whole. 

The campaigns for all these and for the Red Cross drives were 
conducted in the one way, following an organization of the work 
made by Mr. George Hardy, and carried out in the large upper room 
in the Lyceum. Volunteer workers, at desks, telephones and type- 
writers, succeeded one another In relays, from 8 A. M. till 10 P. M. — 
sometimes, at the height of a drive, until midnight. The city was 
divided into 25 districts. A captain with his own team of workers 
made the house-to-house canvass In each. There were also drives 
carried on by the Y. M. C. A., the Y. W. C. A. and the Salvation 
Army, with results that showed Englewood alert and responsive to 
every appeal for co-operation. 

The second Food Administration drive was under the leadership 
of Mr. George Graham. The women worked untiringly in this, visit- 
ing and asking pledges from every housekeeper in the town. An 
incident told by Mrs. W. F. Powers, who went from her desk in our 
drives to be a part of the Food Administration force in Washington, 
Illustrates the spirit of the times: "On a Friday morning Mr. 
Hoover, in a small conference, told us to prepare reports for the 
press, the schools, colleges, women's clubs and other organizations, 



asking the country to save bacon so that it might be sent to our armies 
and the Allies. On the following Thursday, Mr. Hoover called an- 
other conference, and said, 'I am overwhelmed with feeling — a most 
astounding thing has happened ! The call we gave out last Friday 
afternoon and Saturday morning has been answered by the men and 
women of the country to such a degree that we are in a fearful pre- 
dicament. All over this country people have stopped buying bacon, 
and now there is so much that we cannot forward it, we have not 
means enough to take care of the amount released for the Army, and 
unless we send forth a request that bacon be eaten for a few days 
thousands and thousands of pounds will spoil!' " This spirit per- 
vaded universally in Englewood. We kept fewer maids; we released 
our men servants from house and garage (those who had not already 
gone as soldiers) that they might take up public service; we closed up 
portions of our homes to conserve coal and met in a smaller room 
for church services to save heating the large edifice; all formal enter- 
tainment had been laid aside and when women met at lectures or 
simple luncheons or by their own firesides, always the knitting needles 
flew and the thousands of socks grew under the never-resting fingers. 
The community became a firm, society a family, united daily in every 
variety of war work. Social distinctions no longer existed; prejudices 
were laid aside. There was but one interest for all — our boys at 
the front and in the camps; how was it faring with them? What 
could we do for them? For, after all, the real, vital history of Engle- 
wood or any other American town, during the war, might well be 
just the history of each one of the boys who went forth from and for 
that town. Volunteers had been going out from Englewood from the 
beginning of the great struggle, and hosts of our young men enlisted 
as soon as our nation entered. When the drafting of men began, the 
President appointed Mayor Blake a member of the Bergen County 
Board, and he was chosen chairman of that board by his associates, 
continuing as such from that June, 1917, until he entered the service, 
September, 1918, when he was succeeded by Douglas G. Thomson. 
There were 2,400 registration cards to report upon before July 7th, 
1917. The entire office organization of the Liberty Loan Committee 
v/as placed by Mr. Hardy at the disposal of the draft board. By 
working night and day the cards were forwarded to the adjutant- 
general on July 6. County headquarters remained at Englewood 
thenceforth. An advisory board of local physicians was formed, 
with Dr. Walter Phillips at its head. From September on, groups 
of our young men were being sent to the training camps and thence 



overseas. Invariably they were escorted to the trains by officials 
from the draft board and the city. The Englewood Pipers' Band 
repeatedly headed the march and the school children went in a body 
to the station and stood cheering on the green until the train drew 
away with hands waving from windows and platforms. 

And you may be sure that our Boy Scouts were right there in the 
thick of that excitement and of every sort of service such as they 
could do. In the acts of our common council we find this resolution, 
under date of April 1 6th, 1918 : "Whereas, in the prosecution of the 
war by the United States against Germany and her Allies, the Boy 
Scouts of America, in Englewood, N. J., have rendered real service 
to the country in their willingness to perform at all times and with 
untiring loyalty, the work assigned to them; be it resolved that the 
thanks of the City of Englewood be extended; and be it further 
resolved that an appropriate medal be awarded to each of the Boy 
Scouts of Englewood, who may be certified by his scoutmaster as 
deserving of such reward." Alas, that two of the best Scouts would 
never come forward to claim that medal! On a far-off battlefield 
they finished "the work assigned to them." Practically all of the 
Scouts organized under the first movement here, in 1910, then grown 
to young men, enlisted for the war and most of them saw actual 

As each of our boys went to battle at his country's bidding, came 
a letter to his family offering help and advice in any difficulties that 
might arise. This was from the Home Service Section of our Red 
Cross chapter, under the headship of Miss Anna Clark and Miss 
Katherine Gardner. Soon we were asked to assume the care of the 
people from all over the states, who came flocking to Camp Merritt, 
following sons, brothers, husbands or would-be husbands. Tempo- 
rary homes had to be adjusted, care for the sick planned, runaway 
girls sent home or married, new-born babies welcomed. 

All this was maintained unceasingly throughout the war and, at 
the last, was mingled with a yet more serious care. This came when 
we were nearing the end of the great struggle. The enemy's advance 
had long since been stayed ; every day he gave way a bit, pushed back 
and back toward his own borders. We could begin to think of respite 
from the long effort and foreboding. When, suddenly, from all about 
us, from the very air itself above us, a new and more sinister enemy 
appeared, one who would, throughout our land, devastate more homes 
and claim more victims than war itself had done. In October, 1918, 
only a month before the Armistice, the great influenza epidemic came 



upon us, and the resources that were already overtaxed, the powers 
that were almost flagging with fatigue, had to be stimulated to a 
more strenuous effort than any that had gone before. 

When the Englewood Hospital could no longer hold the sufferers, 
The Field club gave over its building to meet the emergency. It was 
transformed almost over night into an adequately equipped hospital, 
and it commanded an unlimited host of volunteer workers. During 
the height of the disease it was necessary to erect an additional, tem- 


porary building. This served as a men's ward. In all, 219 patients 
from the Northern Valley district (129 of these from Englewood) 
were cared for from October 12th to November 12th. 

Convalescent care was also provided. Forty-eight youngsters 
were brought to the day nursery to be nursed and petted and played 
with until they became strong and rosy. The help given in the 
homes, throughout the epidemic, included nursing, food, clothing, 
bedding, scrubbing, laundry work and all that goes to keep a home 
running. Multitudes of our Englewood women gave here, as in the 
hospital wards, unstinted service, at the risk of health and relinquish- 
ment of comfort. The epidemic left broken families and invalided 
lives to be cared for; the marks of that scourge were long with us. 
Tragic as it all was, perhaps nothing in the history of Englewood, 



save the Great \Yai- itself, of which this seemed a part — the last 
enemy to be vanquished — so knit together the lives of the community. 
Those who worked in the homes of the poor came to feel their 
responsibility for the conditions in which these, their neighbors, 
lived; those for whom they labored grew assured of their sympathy 
and interest. Shall we ever feel content in Englewood again until 
equal opportunities for home, health and happiness are given to every 
citizen in every ward ? 

Convalescent care for returning soldiers found a splendid outlet 
in Englewood through the generosity of Mr. and Mrs. Grosvenor 
Backus, who turned over their home, "Garryholt," to the government 
for hospital purposes. 

On the last day of that hard October, Austria sued for peace. 
Rumors of a general dissolution Avere in the air. In the afternoon of 
November 7th came the thrilling news, which proved to be premature, 
that the Germans had yielded, the war was over ! Across the river, 
from the great city echoed the tooting of whistles and ringing of 
bells. We ran forth from our homes to exchange the glad tidings; 
the school children paraded: all hearts beat high. 

But this was only a prelude, an over-early signal for the real 
rejoicing that rent the heavens at early dawn on the eleventh. Then 
it was that pandemonium broke loose ! We were all children once 
more, craving for clamor and shoutings, for every sort of grotesque 
and rollicking action to express our ecstasy of joy and relief. 

At last, at last, the right had triumpheci; tyranny and brutality 
had been overcome ! Our America had greatly helped. And we, in 
our little town of Englewood, with all our hearts, had done what we 


En^lewood's Roll of Honor 


Robert Annett was the son of Washington Annett and his wife, 
Margaret Cantwell. He was born at Fort Lee on November 12, 
1899. Both his parents died when he was a young boy and Annett 
lived in Englewood with his uncle and guardian, William Cantwell. 
He left home in 1916 and enlisted in the navy. Robert Annett con- 
tracted pneumonia while serving as a sailor in the navy during the 
war and died at the Base Hospital, at Hampton Roads, Virginia, on 
January 8, 1918. His nearest surviving relative is his grandmother, 
Mrs. James Cantwell, of William street, Englewood. No photo- 
graph is available. 


Corporal Charles T. Beckwith lived with his father, C. T. Beck- 
with, and his mother, Mrs. L. M. Beckwith, on Genesee avenue, 
Englewood. His family has moved away from Englewood since 
the war and only meager information is available regarding his 
service and death. His record in the files of the Adjutant General 
of New Jersey shows that he was born in Brooklyn. He enlisted in 
the 23d Infantry, New York National Guard, on March 23, 1914, 
when he was only sixteen years and nine months old, and stayed in 
Company I of that regiment when it was federalized, at the entrance 
of the United States into the war, as the 165th Infantry. With that 
regiment he went to France and saw active service. He was promoted 
to be a corporal. The official record states that he died of blood 
poisoning, following an operation, on November 18, 1918. From 
other sources comes the information that he was wounded in July, 
1918, and captured by the Germans, and that he died in the prison 
camp at Rastatt about December 1, 1918. 

The photographs of the men on the Honor Roll were of different sizes and different 
degrees of clearness. Some of them would not reproduce as cuts for this book as well as 
the others, and were not susceptible of enlargement. That is the only reason these pictures 
are not of uniform size. 



Gunner's Mate George Bethune Best, Jr., was born on March 29, 
1898, the son of Dr. George B. Best of Englewood. He graduated 
from Englewood High School. He enlisted in the United States 
Naval Reserve Forces on June 28, 1918, at Pelham Bay, and was 


assigned to the 3d Regiment at the naval training camp. September 
21, 1918, he was transferred to the Naval Rifle Range at Peekskill, 
N. Y., where he qualified as an expert rifleman. On October 15 he 
was assigned to attend the Gunner's Mate School and on November 
1 the Submarine Gunner's School at Pelham. December 1, 1918, 
he was transferred to the U. S. Submarine Base at New London, 
Connecticut, and assigned first to the Submarine Gunner's Mate 
School and then to the 6th Division, Submarine Contingent. He 



served on U. S. Submarines M-1 and N-6. He contracted recurrent 
appendicitis while in the service, and died after an operation at the 
Flower Hospital, New York, on March 13, 1919. 


Sergeant Francis John Brown was born in New York City on 
October 4, 1894. His parents moved to Englewood, where he at- 
tended school. He was one of the first Boy Scouts in Englewood, in 


1910. He graduated from Englewood High School with the class 
of 1913. On May 15, 1917, he enhsted in the 4th Cavalry in the 
Regular Army, and sailed for France with that unit. He was pro- 
moted to be a sergeant. He was transferred to Battery F, 76th Field 
Artillery, 3d Division. On July 15, 1918, repulsing the last big push 
of the Germans, which started at midnight of July 14, Sergeant 



Brown was killed by a shell while in charge of a communication trench. 
For bravery in action he was awarded the Distinguished Service 
Cross, posthumously. His citation read : 

"American Expeditionary Forces, United States Army, 
Distinguished Service Cross Citation — Sergeant Francis J. 
Brown, deceased, Battery F, 76th F. A. Distinguished himself by 
extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against 
an armed enemy of the United States at Chateau-Thierry, France, on 
14-15 July, 1918, and in recognition of his gallant conduct, I have 
awarded him, in the name of President, the Distinguished Service 

^°^^' John J. Pershing, Comviandcr-in-Chief. 

"Awarded on 3 January, 1919." 


Sergeant Frederick H. Brown, Jr., was born at Buffalo, New 
York, on June 15, 1896, the son of Frederick H. Brown. He was 
educated in the public schools in Buffalo and in Brooklyn. His family 
moved to Englewood and Brown graduated from Englewood High 
School. He was an Englewood Boy Scout as a boy, and at the out- 
break of the war he was serving as an assistant scoutmaster. He had 
entered the marine insurance business and was well launched on a 
promising career with the Royal Insurance Company when the United 
States entered the war. In February, 1916, he had joined the 7th 
Regiment, N. Y. N. G., and served with that regiment on the Mexican 
border and was promoted to be a corporal of Company I. When the 
7th New York was mustered into the Federal service as the 107th 
Infantry, Brown stayed Avith his company and crossed to France. On 
April 30, 1918, he was made a sergeant. September 29, 1918, he 
was killed in action at the breaking of the Hindenburg line. For his 
bravery and example during the action in which he was killed he was 
awarded the Distinguished Service Cross. The War Department 
advised his parents as follows : 

"This office has been advised by cable No. 246 by the Command- 
ing General, American Expeditionary Force, that he has awarded the 
Distinguished Service Cross, posthumously, to Sergeant Frederick H. 
Brown, Jr., Company I, 107th Infantry, for extraordinary heroism in 
action near Ronssoy, France, September 29, 1918. On two occasions 
he averted heavy casualties in his platoon by going forward and 
single-handed destroying machine gun nests with hand grenades. At 

[366 ] 


the time of his death he had brought his platoon to the farthest point 
of advance." 

He is buried in Flanders Field, American Military Cemetery at 
Ronssoy, France. 





Lieutenant Harold Kidder Bulkley was born in Englewood on 
June 30, 1896, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Edwin M. Bulkley. After 
graduating from the Hill School, at Pottstown, Pennsylvania, in 1915, 
he entered Princeton College with the class of 1919. But within a 


few days of the entrance of the United States into the war, in April, 
1917, he enlisted in the aviation service, abandoning his college career 
in the middle of his sophomore year. He received his first training 
at the ground school for aviators established at Princeton. He com- 
pleted his training as a pilot at Mineola, Long Island, and at three of 
the schools and fields of the Royal Flying Squadron in England. He 
was first commissioned as a second lieutenant, and was awaiting his 
commission as first lieutenant, which was in transit to him, and orders 



for active service in France, at the time of his death. He was killed 
on February 18, 1918, at Hounslow, England, as a result of a collision 
in the air. 


Joseph A. Castmore, son of Mr. and Mrs. I. J. Castmore, was 
born at Kingsbridge, New York, on November 12, 1883. His parents 
moved to Englewood and Castmore was educated at St. Cecilia's 
Parochial School in Englewood. In February, 1917, when it was 


apparent the United States would soon be drawn into the war, he 
enlisted in Company F, the Englewood unit of the 5th Infantry of 
New Jersey, as the quickest way of getting into active service. He 
went overseas with his company, by that time federahzed as Company 
F, 104th U. S. Engineers. He died at Hericourt, France, of pneu- 
monia contracted while on duty, on September 28, 1918. 

[ 369 ] 



Corporal John M. Costello was born in Englewood on September 
15, 1893, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Matthew A. Costello. He at- 
tended the public school at Nordhoff, and after finishing school he 
worked for his father in the ice business. He entered the paid Engle- 
wood Fire Department on August 23, 1916, and resigned September 
5, 1917, to take a job as a workman at Camp Merritt. On December 


15, 1917, he enhsted in the Quartermaster's Corps at Camp Merritt 
and was assigned to Motor Transport Company 408, which was then 
being organized. He was promoted on March 18, 1918, to the rank 
of corporal. March 4, 1918, he was taken sick with pneumonia at 
home, but was removed to the camp hospital, and died at the camp 
April 11, 1918. He was given a military funeral from St. Cecilia's 
Church, Englewood, and was buried at Madonna Cemetery, Fort 
Lee. His commanding officer. Lieutenant G. G. Beakley, wrote to 
his family : 

"Corporal Costello was an efficient and conscientious soldier and 
was very popular with all his comrades, v/ho will feel his loss keenly." 




Sergeant Edward Errol Crowe, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Edward 
J. Crowe, was born in Orange, N. J., July 7, 1893. He was accepted 
for enlistment from Englewood, N. J., and enrolled at Camp Dix 
September 19, 1917. He was assigned to Battery C, 308th Field 


Artillery, and later became chief of section of the gun crew. He was 
made corporal in April, 1918; advanced to sergeant in May, just 
before leaving for overseas. He took part in the battles of St. Mihiel 
and the Argonne-Meuse, and was instantly killed in action September 
27, 1918. His remains now lie in their permanent resting place in 
the American Cemetery of St. Mihiel, Thiaucourt, Department of 




John J. Dillon was born In Ireland, but emigrated to the United 
States and settled in Englewood with five sisters and a brother. He 
enlisted in the Quartermaster's Corps at Camp Merritt, April 7, 
1918, and died at the camp from influenza on November 1, 1918, 
during the influenza epidemic. He is buried at Mt. Carmel Cemetery. 




Corporal Henry Philip Douglass was born in New York, but 
moved to Englewood when a small boy. At the age of twenty-one, 
on August 16, 1917, he enlisted in Company L of the newly organized 
1 5th Regiment, New York National Guard, at Fort Slocum, N. Y. 
This regiment was later federalized as the 369th Infantry. He went 
overseas with his company, soon saw active service, and was killed 
at the battle of Champaignc on September 30, 1918, soon after his 
promotion to the rank of corporal. He is survived by his wife, Elsie 


Lieutenant James Newton Elliott was born in Englewood on 
December 14, 1892, the son of the late James R. Elliott and his wife, 
Mary E. Elliott. Lie graduated from the Englewood High School 

[ 372 ] 


in 1911, and from the University of Wisconsin in 1916. In April 
of 1917, when the United States entered the war, he was visiting his 
mother at Waco, Texas, and promptly enlisted in the Reserve Ofiicers' 
Training Corps at Camp Funston, at Leon Springs, Texas. In 
August, 1917, he was commissioned first lieutenant. Field Artillery, 
and assigned to the 343d Regiment, Field Artillery, at Camp Travis, 
Texas. In November, 1917, he was thrown from a horse and broke 
his leg, and after returning to duty was considered to be incapacitated 
for duty as an oiicer of field ar- 
tillery, and was honorably dis- 
charged. He made repeated 
efforts to enter the service again, 
and finally enlisted as a private in 
the 19th Field Artillery at Camp 
MacArthur, Texas, and was as- 
signed to the Headquarters Com- 
pany of that regiment. He went 
overseas with his regiment in 
May, 1918, and, upon arrival In 
France, was made a corporal. 
He took part in the St. Mihiel 
anci Meuse-Argonne offensives. 
While in the Army of Occupation 
he died at Hespringen of pneu- 
monia, on January 16, 1919. His 
company commander, Captain 
Shutter, wrote a glowing tribute 
to Elliott's mother. He said: 

"His work was of the most efficient character and his devotion to 

duty tireless His resourcefulness and cheery behavior proved 

his worth and ability as a gallant soldier. He displayed at all times 
the greatest coolness and good judgment. There is no member of 
this organization whose loss would be so deeply felt." 


Gabriel Garet was employed at the Englewood Club in 1914, 
when his native country, France, entered the war. He was a reservist 
in the French Army, and left at once to join his regiment in France. 
Although the French Consul in New York has been appealed to for 
further information, nothing is available except that he died of disease 
in France while serving his country in her army. 





William G. Gray was born in Flatbush, New York, in November, 
1898, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Allen J. Gray. He moved to Engle- 
wood as a boy with his parents. He enlisted in the United States 
Army Ambulance Service, Section 560, December 17, 1917, at Allen- 
town, Pennsylvania, and was made a first-class private June 6, 1918. 
He served overseas in the Ambulance Service from June 13, 1918, to 
March 4, 1919, when he died of typhoid fever in France. His family 
has moved away and no photograph is available. 


Albert Edward Ham.ilton was born in Gildford, Surrey Countv, 
England, on February 22, 1901, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Mark 
Hamilton. His parents moved to Pleasant avenue, Highwood, 



when he was a young boy. He attended the Cleveland School in 
Englewood, and was well known as an athlete. When the United 
States entered the war he was only sixteen years old, but made re- 
peated efforts to enlist in the United States forces and, failing in this 
attempt, he tried to enlist in the service of one of the allied countries. 
He failed in this attempt also, but finally was accepted for service at 
the recruiting station of the United States Naval Reserve in New 
York on June 25, 1918. He was at home, waiting to be called to 
active duty, when he was taken ill with influenza, and died at the 
Englewood Hospital, October 7, 1918. He was buried in Brookside 
Cemetery, Englewood. 



Percy P. Kennedy was born in Englewood on October 23, 1896, 
the son of Mr. and Mrs. M. J. Kennedy. He was educated at St. 
Ceciha's Parochial School. On January 29, 1915, he enlisted in 



Company F, of the 5th New Jersey Infantry, and saw service with 
them on the Mexican border from June 3, 1916, to October 27, 1916. 
On March 26, 1917, he entered the Federal service with his regiment, 
thereafter known as 104th Engineers, 29th Division, and was trans- 
ferred to Company C. He died at Camp McClellan, Anniston, Ala- 
bama, March 6, 1918, just before his regiment sailed for France. 



Samuel McCloy was born and educated in County Donegal, L-e- 
land. With his brother, William McCloy, he emigrated to the United 
States and settled in Englewood. On May 13, 1918, he enhsted in the 
Medical Detachment, 49th Infantry, U. S. Army, at Camp Merritt, 
N. J. He went overseas with his company on July 26, 1918. After 
active service in France, he was returning to the United States on the 
steamship George Jt'ashhiylon, dying at sea January 21, 1919. 




Lieutenant Donat Gonzalez O'Brien was born on February 7, 
1895, at 154 Gates avenue, Brooklyn, the son of Mr. and Mrs. John 
Fell O'Brien. He attended the Adelphi Academy in Brooklyn and 
finished his schooling with two years of Englewood High School, from 
which he graduated. He attended the Plattsburgh Training Camp 


in 1916. When the United States entered the war he at once enhsted 
in the Officers' Training Corps, and reported at Fort Meyer, May 15, 
1917. He graduated August 15, 1917, with the rank of second heu- 
tenant and was assigned to Camp Lee. He was shortly afterward 
sent to assist in training troops at Camp Sevier, South Carolina, and 
later on, at his own request, was transferred to Company B, 312th 
Infantry of the 78th Division, at Camp Dix. He went overseas with 
his regiment in May, 1918. He was sent to special schools in France 



for advanced training in bayonet work and gas usage. He was in- 
stantly killed in action on September 22, 1918, in the Bois de Bon- 
veaux, near Thiaucourt, and was buried in France. Colonel A. V. P. 
Anderson, as well as other officers of his regiment and company, paid 
the highest tribute to his soldierly qualities, bravery, and influence on 
his comrades. 


The memory of Daniel J. A. O'Connor as an Englewood soldier 
who lost his life in the war is entitled to every honor. Very little 
information, however, is available. The records of the state of New 
Jersey's Adjutant General merely show that he resided in Englewood, 
enlisted in the United States Army at New York City on June 30, 
1917, and served in Battery B, 104th Field Artillery. 


Rocco Raglione was born on 
August 9, 1894, in San Benedetto, 
Italy. He came to America on 
June 9, 1913, and went to live with 
his cousin, Harry Di Blasio, in 
Englewood. He enlisted in Janu- 
ary, 1918, and was assigned to 
Company H, 147th Infantry. After 
training at Camp Dix, New Jersey, 
and Camp Lee, Virginia, he went 
overseas with his regiment in May, 
1918. He was wounded and 
gassed in September, 1918, and 
died three months later in the hos- 
pital, on December 10, 1918. His 
body was brought back and he was 
buried with military honors on 
May 29, 1921, in the Brookside 
Cemetery, Englewood. 


[378 ] 



John Lewis Ross was bom at Plainfield, N. J., on April 25, 1898. 
He had his early education at the Hartridge School, Plainfield, and 
Phillips Academy at Andover, Mass., and graduated in 1915 from 
the Englewood High School. He entered business and was employed 
by Messrs. Bruce and Cook of 190 Water street, N. Y. On April 23, 
1917, he enlisted in the 7th Regiment, N. Y. N. G., and upon the 


federahzation of the New York Guard regiments, he was one of 
those who volunteered to leave the 7th and join the 69th New York, 
which was sailing for France at an earlier date. He was assigned 
to Company K of the 165th Regiment, Rainbow Division, the former 
69th New York, and sailed for France with his regiment on October 
31, 1917. During the spring of 1918 he and his entire company 
were gassed, and he was in the hospital for two months, burned and 

[ 379 ] 


blind from gas. He rejoined his company in good health in June, 
1918, and was instantly killed in action at the battle of the Ourcq 
River, July 28, 1918. He is survived by his mother, Mrs. Sarah G. 
Ross, of Amityville, L. I. 


Lieutenant Richard Burton Rockwood was born June 30, 1894, 
at Mamakating Park, N. Y., the summer home of his parents, Mr. 


and Mrs. William E. Rockwood. His childhood was spent in Engle- 
wood, but in June, 1899, his father lost his life attempting to save a 
drowning man, and the family moved to New York. He attended 
the Horace Mann School in New York, and a school at Northampton, 
Mass., and later a boys' school near Geneva, Switzerland. He fin- 



ished his preparation for college at the Englewood High School in 
1912. He graduated from Williams College in 1916 with two de- 
grees — Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts. He entered the employ 
of the Bankers' Trust Company in 1916. When the United States 
declared war, he enlisted in the first officers' training camp at Madison 
Barracks. At the close of that camp he was commissioned second 
lieutenant and assigned to the 310th Infantry, 78th Division, at 
Camp Dix. In May, 1918, he sailed with his regiment for France, 
where he was detailed for further training in the Officers' Liaison 
School, because of his knowledge of French. In September, 1918, he 
returned to the 78th Division on the staff of Brigadier-General Mark 
L. Hersey, acting as brigade billeting officer. He was with his brigade 
headquarters at Thiaucourt when, on the evening of September 26, 
1918, he volunteered to carry a message of vital importance through 
severe shellfire, and while returning to report his mission accomplished 
was fatally wounded by a fragment of shell, dying two days later. 
Lieutenant Rockwood was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross 
and the Cross of Chevalier de I'Ordre de la Couronne (Belgium). 
His citation recommending him for the award of the Distinguished 
Service Cross, posthumously, read: 

"For extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against 
the enemy, it is recommended that the Distinguished Service Cross 
be awarded, posthumously, to Second Lieutenant Richard B. Rock- 
wood. During a very heavy bombardment of the 155th Infantry 
Brigade P. C, it was found necessary to send a message of great im- 
portance to the Regimental Commander of the 310th Infantry, and 
Lieutenant Rockwood was entrusted with this mission. Making his 
way through the bombardment, he delivered the message and was 
given an answer which it was essential that the Brigade Commander 
should get quickly. Boldly through the storm of hostile shells he 
started; was hit by a shell fragment and fatally wounded. He was 
carried to the dressing station and, regaining consciousness for a 
moment, with almost superhuman effort he raised himself and told 
the medical officer to 'notify Fable that Face reports O. K.', repeating 
it again and again until certain that it was understood. 

"This young officer's heroic conduct; his devotion to duty; his 
insistence that the message be delivered; his forgetfulness of self; and 
the utter disregard of personal injury, were sublime. 

"After being certain that the message would reach the Brigade 
Commander, Lieutenant Rockwood lapsed into unconsciousness and 
died two days later. His devotion to his country's cause, and the 

[381 ] 


cause of humanity, under circumstances that would have caused most 
men to forget all but self, will ne^'er cease to be an inspiration to his 

"Sanford B. Stanberry, Brigadier-General, U. S. A. 
"Commanding lS5th Infantry Brigade, 78th Division." 


Corporal Elerbert L. Winslow lived with his father, Herbert L. 
Winslow, on Demarest avenue, Englewood, at the outbreak of the 
war, having been a resident of Englewood about two years. He en- 
listed in Company L, 7th Regiment, N. Y. N. G., on April 13, 1917. 
On April 20, 1918, he was promoted to the rank of corporal. He 
went overseas with his regiment, federalized as the 107th Infantry. 
With his company he was in the engagements of Dickebush Lake 
and Scherpenberg Sectors, Belgium. He was killed in action August 
13, 1918, repelling a raid on his company's trenches. A division 
citation was awarded him for his bravery in action during the raid in 
which he was killed. 

[382 ] 


By Colonel Orison M. Hurd 

|ARLY in 1872, a number of prominent citizens of Engle- 
wood who had mihtar}^ experience in the Civil War and 
desired to continue their military associations, decided to 
form a company of militia. After several meetings, the 
organization was perfected and formally brought into being on May 
2, 1872, as Company B, Second Battalion. The officers of the new 
company were : 

William P. Coe Captain 

Washington Romeyn Vermilye 1st Lieut. 

Frederick G. Coyte 2nd Lieut. 

Prior to the Civil War, Captain Coe was captain of a militia 
company in Brooklyn, which was the nucleus of the 23rd Regiment, 
New York National Guard. He served with distinction in the Civil 
War as captain of Company A, 176th New York State Volunteer 
Veterans, under Colonel Nutt in General Nathaniel P. Banks' divi- 
sion. In 1866, Captain Coe removed with his family from Brooklyn 
to Teaneck. 

Lieut. Vermilye, whose family was one of the first to settle in 
Englewood, equipped the company with dress uniforms, patterned 
after that of the West Point Cadets. 

Lieut. Coyte, a Civil War veteran, was a very popular officer. 
He resigned his commission in 1880 and was succeeded by Jacob J. 
DeMott, who later was transferred as captain and quartermaster 
to the governor's staff. 

The period from the organization until 1877 was taken up with 
routine drills, exercises, social affairs, and encampments at the Elysian 
Fields, near Hoboken. 

In July, 1877, the company received its first taste of real military 
duty, being ordered by Governor Bedle to report at Little Washing- 
ton to quell riots and disturbances caused by a railroad strike. From 
this period the company was engaged in regular routine work, which 
was broken by the unexpected resignation of Captain Coe on April 3, 


1882. All efforts to have Captain Coe reconsider having failed, the 
vacancy caused by his resignation was filled by Addison Thomas, who 
held his commission until 1888. He was a son of General Thomas, 
U. S. Army, was born at West Point and had military training both 
at home and abroad. He moved later to Rhode Island, where he 
became colonel of the Newport Artillery. 

First Sergeant Charles Barr, a Civil War veteran, was elected 


first lieutenant, and Duty Sergeant Louis Ruch was elected second 

Dr. Daniel A. Currie was elected captain on October 19, 1889. 
Captain Currie being a very popular man, made an active campaign 
and secured forty-three new recruits. Many of these men later be- 
came prominent in military affairs, holding commissions in various 
grades— notably John D. Probst, Jr., Frank S. DeRonde, WiUiam 
Marvin Coe, Arthur H. Mackie, Henry M. Coxe, James A. O'Neill 
and Russell B. Reid. In looking over the quarterly returns, it may 
be of interest to quote remarks made to the state authorities by 
Captain Currie, as, for instance: "About half of the rifles went off 
half-cocked; condition of clothing: uniforms unfit to parade in in the 
daytime; besides seven old coats, the others, having become moth- 
eaten, were sold to the rag man for SOc." 

Owing to these poor conditions. Captain Currie eventually suc- 
ceeded in securing entirely new equipment. 

In 1892 the company became part of the newly organized Second 



Regiment, New Jersey National Guard. Captain Currie was pro- 
moted to major, May 22, 1893, and later became lieutenant-colonel 
of the regiment. First Lieutenant Barr was elected captain. Second 
Lieutenant Louis Ruch was elected first lieutenant, and John D. 
Probst, Jr., was elected second lieutenant, all on June 19, 1893. Lieu- 
tenant Probst resigned November 11, 1895. He was succeeded by 
Corporal Frank S. DeRonde, February 3, 1896. On October 13, 
1896, Captain Barr was retired with the rank of brevet major and 
was succeeded by Lieutenant DeRonde on October 29, 1896. His 
officers were Louis Ruch, first lieutenant, and Henry M. Coxe, second 

On April 26, 1898, war was declared with Spain. On the 2d 
of May, Company F volunteered 90 per cent strong, leaving Engle- 
wood on that day for the training camp at Sea Girt with three officers 
and eighty-one men. Prior to leaving Englewood, the company was 
marched to the Englewood Field Club, where formal presentation 
of a stand of colors was made by Donald Mackay. These colors 
now occupy a post of honor in the company room in the armory. 
The period from May 2d to 31st was spent in the issue of equipment 
for war service and intensive training carried out under most depres- 
sing circumstances — rain for practically the entire period. The com- 
pany entrained on May 31st, destined for Camp Chickamauga, 
Georgia. At Harrisburg, Pa., the regiment was met with orders 
changing its destination to Camp Cuba Libre, Jacksonville, Florida, 
with assignment as part of the Seventh Army Corps under command 
of General Fitzhugh Lee, and was the only northern organization 
in the corps. It speedily became known as the best drilled and dis- 
ciplined organization in the corps, the files of the Jacksonville news- 
papers being replete with continuous mention of the Second New 
Jersey Volunteers in terms of the highest praise. The regiment was 
frequently called upon to furnish details for special work. Due to 
the untiring efforts of the officers and non-commissioned officers to- 
ward procuring proper food and compelling athletic exercises by all 
members of the command. Company F had the proud distinction of 
being the only company in the Seventh Army Corps that had no 
deaths during the period of encampment. When the smallest loss of 
any other company in the regiment was eight men — some having lost 
as many as 40 per cent — this is a remarkable record. The outstand- 
ing figure in the accomplishment of this result was Sergeant William 
Marvin Coe. 

The purchase of proper food was made possible by an unlimited 



amount of funds deposited in the First National Bank of Jacksonville 
by the citizens of EnglcAvood. Company F had many a good meal 
when other companies had nothing. Cook Jack Ruch was the envy 
of other companies as he \a as a real cook who could get up a regular 
dinner out of almost nothing. Elis hard work and ingenuity had 
much- to do with keeping the men well. 

As part of the regiment, the company remained until the breaking 
up of the Seventh Army Corps, when it was ordered to its home 
station, where it arrived about September 17, 1898. After two 
months' furlough, the company was mustered out of the United 
States service, at Paterson, November 17, 1898. In May, 1899, 
the company was reorganized as Company L, Fourth New Jersey 
Infantry, Captain DeRonde retaining command, Henry M. Coxe, 
being first lieutenant and William Marvin Coe second lieutenant. 
Captian ReDonde resigned January 5, 1900, and on March 19, 1900, 
Henry M. Coxe was elected captain, William Marvin Coe first lieu- 
tenant, and Russell B. Reed second lieutenant. Lieutenant Reed 
resigned on October 1, 1901, being succeeded by John W. Loveland, 
who was elected October 30, 1901. 

On February 21, 1902, through reorganization of the National 
Guard, the company was transferred as Company F to the newly 
organized Fifth Infantry, New Jersey National Guard, which, in 
reality, was a reorganization of the old Second Regiment which had 
served in the Spanish-American War. 

Lieutenant Loveland was promoted December 12, 1902, to first 
lieutenant and battahon adjutant, his place being filled on April 20, 
1903, by Sergeant Frank Stack. Captain Coxe resigned May 25, 
1903. First Lieutenant Coe acted as company commander until 
November 2, 1903, when he was elected captain, Frank Stack first 
lieutenant and John J. Burns second lieutenant. 

In September, 1904, the company took part with the regular 
army and organizations from other states in the first maneuvers ever 
held on a large scale in the LTnited States, at Manassas, Virginia. 
These maneuvers proved to the War Department that the National 
Guard could be considered as an efticient part of the armed forces 
of the nation, its work being of the highest character. 

On May 29, 1905, Lieutenant Stack resigned on account of ill 
health, his office being filled by Second Lieutenant John J. Burns on 
June 19, 1905. Sergeant Orison M. Hurd was elected second lieu- 
tenant on the same day. Lieutenant Burns resigned on July 25, 
1908, being succeeded by Lieutenant Hurd on September 11, 1908, 



and Harriot V. D. Moore was on the same day elected second 

In the spring of 1909 the officers of the company held meetings 
with several prominent citizens of Englewood at the home of Donald 
Mackay, for the purpose of formulating plans to raise funds for 
the erection of a company armory, ground for which was broken 



within sixty days. The building was occupied by the company in 
the fall of 1909. 

On January 8, 1912, Captain Coe, at his own request, was placed 
on the retired list with the rank of major, after an unbroken record 
of 21 years and 7 months of honorable and faithful service. 

On January 29, 1912, First Lieutenant Hurd was elected captain. 
Second Lieutenant Moore was elected first lieutenant and First Ser- 
geant Charles H. May was elected second lieutenant. 

In September, 1912, the company took part in maneuvers with 
the regular army in Connecticut and again acquitted itself creditably. 

Second Lieutenant May resigned November 8, 1915. 

In the early part of 1916 Lieutenant Moore was promoted to 
major and brigade adjutant, after having served for some time as 
aide to the brigade commander. 

After the Spanish War and the return of the volunteers, a new 



regiment of the National Guard was formed with headquarters at 
Jersey City, to replace the old 4th New Jersey Infantry, and Com- 
pany F' of Englewood was reorganized as Company E and assigned 
to it. 

This arrangement \\as continued until February, 1902, when a 
new regmient was formed by Go\'ernor Murphy, to be known as the 
5th New Jersey Infantry, and the Englewood company assigned to 
it as Company F, 5th New Jersey Infantry. 

The company continued with more or less success until 1912, when 
a series ot fortunate incidents and an awakening of military spirit in 
the city started it off on a career of efficiency that soon placed it at 
the head of military organizations in the state. 

A band was formed that soon grew to thirty-five pieces, social 
and athletic events became frequent, and the organization was at 
the height of its career when the call came, on June 19, 1916, for 
the National Guard to proceed to the Mexican border to assist in 
patrol work with the regular army. 

After a week spent at Sea Girt, N. J., in the discharge of men 
with dependents, issue of new equipment, etc., the company left for 
El Paso, Texas, arriving there the morning of July 5th, and meeting 
orders to proceed to Douglas, Arizona, for duty, without delay. 

On arrival at Douglas the morning of the 6th, the men found 
that they had to make their own camp site in the desert, but went 
to work with a will and by night had the camp in at least livable 
shape, and by the end of the week had constructed streets, drains, 
etc., and were settled down to the arduous work of guard and patrol, 
broken only by target practice and occasional practice marches. 

In September the main part of the New Jersey troops were sent 
home, leaving the 5th Regiment and the artillery to carry on the work, 
and early in October the order for the regiment's return was issued, 
but it was not until the 2Sth that trains arrived to take it back, making 
the three weeks' wait a test of discipline. This time was spent in 
long marches with regular troops, and it is to the company's credit 
that they met every requirement, and left Arizona with an excellent 
record to their credit. 

The company arrived in Englewood the 3d of November and 
was mustered out of Federal service the 10th and again took up the 
routine of drills, etc., that the National Guard is required to perform, 
until March 26th, 1917, when it again marched out in its country's 
service after twelve hours' warning, reporting in Paterson and being 
assigned the duty of guarding bridges, railroads and public works. 

[ 388 ] 


This duty continued until the latter part of August, when the 
regiment was sent to the training camp of the 29th Division in 
Anniston, Alabama, and later split up and consolidated with other 

Company F was detached from the regiment and assigned to the 
104th Engineers, which designation it retained until the muster out 
of service. 

The time at Anniston was spent in the issue of engineer equipment, 
engineer and infantry training, trench warfare and kindred subjects. 



|<lililiillll|lliiiBHnfir '' '.JCY JHky^ W%SHK^ .janr ^^H 



' • "•"-■"- ""mmmm 



until June, 1918, when orders were received for it to go overseas 
with the division. 

The unit sailed from Hoboken, June 19th, on the U. S. S. X or th- 
em Pacific and arrived in Brest, France, the afternoon of June 25th, 
disembarking the afternoon of the 26th and marching to Pontenazen 
Barracks, where it made camp under canvas. 

It was engaged in stevedore work at the docks until July 3d, 
Avhen it entrained anci moved to Maatz, then, by marching, to La 
Fond, its billeting area. 

The time here was spent in intensive engineer and infantry train- 
ing until the 17th of July, when, after a hard march to Chalindry, it 
entrained and moved to the centre sector. Haute Alsace, detraining 
at Belfort and being billeted in LePuix until the 24th, when it again 
took up the march and, moving by way of Anjouty, arrived at 
Bourbach-le-Bas on the 26th, where it remained until August 18th. 

Here it received the remaining issue of engineer tools and equip- 
ment, and went to work on the erection of French high wire entangle- 
ment, repair of roads, building of dugouts and centres of resistance, 



and preparation of bridges for demolition in case the Germans made 
a determined advance. 

This was known as a "quiet sector," but much knowledge was 
gained by the men in the German method of warfare, as they were 
gassed repeatedly and shelled on several occasions, in addition to 
being subjected to air raids. 

March orders were recei^•ed on the 17th for a move to the sector 
where the A. E. F. was to make its attack on the Hindenburg line. 
Passing through Gue^'enatten, the unit marched to Denny, where it 
rejoined its battalion and on the 23d entrained for Revigney. 

It detrained and marched to Marat-le-Petit, and two days later 
to Marat-le-Grand, where the regiment awaited it for the move to 
the lighting line. 

Embussing within sight and hearing of the intense artillery fire 
that was to open the way to Berlin, the regiment moved, on the 
night of September 27th, to the front, debussing at the ruined town 
of Ricicourt the morning of the 28th and marching to the site of 
what was once Avocourt, where for three days and nights the men 
worked without food or sleep in the opening up of roads that had 
lain idle for four years and were merely mudholes. 

This work was of the utmost importance, as without it no ammu- 
nition or guns could get up to support the infantry and wounded 
could not be carrieci back for treatment, so that the remark made 
by the Chief Engineer, Fifth Corps, "Thank God, the 104th are 
workers," was justified. The spirit of the men was deserving of 
the highest praise and will never be forgotten by those who came in 
contact with them at that time. 

The regiment rested on the 4th of October and on the 5th took 
up the march, moving along the front under fire to Marre, where the 
1st Battalion left it anci moved to Cumierres, the remainder working 
on the roads to the Meuse River In preparation of the attack of the 
29th Division on the morning of October 8th. This work was done 
at night under heavy shellfire, both gas and high explosive, the men 
resting during the day in ruins and dugouts, as nothing could move in 
daylight without being fired on bv planes and artillery. 

From this time until October 28th the company worked on various 
engineering duties with the infantry and other arms, being relieved 
the night of the 28th by the 304th Engineers, and moving under 
fire to Houdainvllle, near Verdun, where it embussed the following 
morning for a rest area in the rear. 

The rest of the regiment joined it at Mogneville and Neuville- 



sur-Orne on the 31st and then moved to Sommelonne on November 
4th, where it began to prepare to join the 2d Army in its proposed 
attack on Metz. 

The morning of November 11th it started its march but was 
met with the news of the signing of the Armistice and orders to return 
to billets. 

On November 18th it left Commelonne and, marching through 
ISIaulan, entrained at Ligny-en-Barrois for Jussy on the night of the 


2(Jth, arriving there the morning of the 21st and then marching to 
Barges, where it remained until it started for the port of St. Nazaire. 

During its wait for orders to return to the United States it oper- 
ated quarries, crushers, built and operated light railways and repaired 
roads, erected barracks and recreation buildings for the troops of 
other arms, built rifle ranges, wash houses and other structures that 
were called for by the commanding general, and in its spare time 
organized a baseball team that won the championship of the division, 
the last game being played just before sailing. 

It left France on May 11th, sailing on the Manchuria and arriv- 
ing at Hoboken May 22d, from which port it was sent to Camp 
Merritt and then to Camp Dix for discharge, parading in Newark 



and Trenton before large crowds. It was discharged on May 29th 
and returned home as individuals. 

From the date of discharge to March, 1921, the company was 
out of service, but on that date, at the request of the Adjutant Gen- 
eral of New Jersey, it started to recruit and reorganize, and on June 
27th was mustered into Federal service as National Guard with three 
officers and fifty-five enlisted men, being known as Company B, 1st 
Battalion Engineers. 

Since then a regiment of engineers has been authorized with head- 
quarters and two companies stationed in Englewood, and in the near 
future the old company will receive its old letter and will again be 
Company F. It has now three officers and eighty-five enlisted men and 
IS beginning instruction in the various trades and professions and 
seems to have an excellent future before it. 




HE First Eiberty Eoan was subscribed, tliroughout the 
country, by the banks, who sold bonds they had bought to 
their customers. But beginning with the first Red Cross 
War Fund, closely followed by the Second Liberty Loan, 
all subsequent funds were raised bv highly efficient "drives." An 
organization under the chairmanship of George E. Hardy was set 
up for the Red Cross drive, and this served as a nucleus and pattern 
for all that followed. 

A national call would reach Englewood, the local committee 
would be promptly chosen, the headquarters in the Lyceum building 
would be reopened, much diligent preparation would be quickly gone 
through, captains of districts would appoint and supervise their team 
members, mass meetings or parades would open the campaign, various 
publicity devices would keep the public constantly posted as to the 
progress of the drive, and everyone, from the general committee down 
to the volunteer auditors and the team members, worked night after 
night with enthusiasm and energy. Finally, our citizens, who ap- 
proached the later drives not knowing how they could possibly spare 
or find the money for an additional subscription or gift, revised their 
household budgets, cut out this luxury or that seeming necessity, bor- 
rowed on mortage or sold good investments at a loss, and raised the 
funds for a larger contribution than they first thought possible. And 
Englewood met and exceeded its obligation once more. 

A large amount of appreciation was due to Englewood's two 
financial institutions, the Bank and the Trust company, not only for 
the ready aid given by them to those in charge of the drives but to 
the grasp of the whole situation evidenced by their officials. The 
Liberty Loan drives were visualized as gigantic credit operations, 
large loans being made to subscribers for bonds, with resultant in- 
creases in F^nglewood's already admirable totals. 

George E. Hardy, with the assistance of Charles H. May, who 
served as secretary of all the Liberty Loan campaigns and of all the 
Red Cross drives except the first, prepared and submitted for this 
history a very complete report of all the various campaigns. This 
report is on file in the Englewood library. Following is a digest, 


grouped by subjects, rather than in the order in which the drives 
occurred : 


October 10 to October 11, 1917 


Samuel S. Campbell Chairman 

George E. Hardy Vice-Chairman 

Rupert J. Fooks Auditor 

Charles H. May Secretary 

S. S. Campbell, Chairman 
Joseph Andreivs A. I. Drayton Robt. C. Hill 

E. E. Bennett Geo. A. Graham Jas. F. McKinney 

Abram DeRonde (Jeo. E. Hardy 

Joseph Andrews Chairman Speakers' Committee 

E. Eversley Bennett Chairman Salesmen's Committee 

Mrs. Charles W. Hulst Chairman Women's Committee 

Joseph H. Tillotson Chairman Publicity Committee 

Alex. Livingston, Jr. Chas. F. Park, Jr. Douglas G. Thomson 

Clinton V. Meserole Daniel E. Pomerov 

Prior to the opening of the campaign, Government Liberty Loan 
Posters were located in conspicuous places throughout the city. 

The city was divided into 26 districts, each district in charge of a 
captain, who secured his own team members. Cards were made for 
every house in the city; these cards, together with other publicity and 
working material, were distributed to the captains and team members 
in the several districts, who made a thorough house-to-house canvass. 

The amount of bonds subscribed Avas %2 149 600 00 

or 233 per cent of quota 
The quota allotted to Englewood was 916.500 00 

Resulting in oversubscription of tj 233 100 00 

Number of individual subscribers '^ S1<S 

Average individual subscription $76^ 


April 6 to May 4, 1918 

Geo. E. Hardy Chairman 

\ ^r^"'' Vice-chairman 

Lance M Parsons Auditor 

Charles H. May Secretary 

[ 394 ] 



Peter S. Dur\ee, Chairman 
Joseph Andre\vs Abram DeRonde J. R. Melcher 

E. E. Bennett A. I. Drayton Geo. E. Hard\ 

Joseph Andrews Cliairman Speakers' Committee 

E. E. Bennett Chairman Salesmen's Committee 

Wm. Conklin Chairman Fraternal Organization 

Mrs. Chas. W. llulst Chairman \'\'omen's Committee 

Joseph H. Tillotson Chairman Publicity Committee 


Rev. Father Angeius Thomas B. Kerr tJeorge H. Pa\ son 

Samuel 8. Cainpbell Joseph Klink Dan Fellows Piatt 

Joel S. Coffin Joseph Levinsohn Daniel E. Pomeroy 

George A. CJraham Alexander Li^-ingstoii, Jr. Ludwig Stross 

John C?ross David J. McKenna Everett B. Sweezy 

J. Frank Howell James F. McKinney Kichard ^'arley 

Thos. J. Huckin Clinton "\''. Meserole 

Prior to the oprning of the campaign the city was placarded with 
Liberty Loan Posters furnished by the ( jovernment Liberty Loan 

The amount cf bonds subscribed was S1.6(i4,l 150.00 

or 2il per cent of quota 
The quota allotted to Englewood was 699,200.00 

Oversubscription S964,S50.00 

Number of indi^'Idual subscribers C'.l^l^ 


September 28 to October 19, 1918 


Geo. E. Hardy Chairman 

Peter S. Duryee A'ice-Chairman 

Lance M. Parsons Auditor 

Charles H. Ma>- Secretarv 

Arthur H. Springei- Secretar\" 


P. S. Duryee, Chairman 
E. E. Bennett Abram DeRonde .\. I. Drayton 

Geo. E. Hardy 

E. E. Bennett Chairman Salesmen's Committee 

Robt. H. Cory Chairman Salesmen's Committee 

J. R. Melcher Chairman Headquarters Committee 

Miss Anna B. Claik Chairman Women's Committee 

Wm. Conklin Chairman Fraternal Societies 

A. C. Hoffman Chairman Publicity Committee 

Mr. Bennett \vas assisted by Robert H. Cor\ , and S. S. Evans ^vas vice-chairman 

on Publicit}' 
Headquarters; Citizens' National Bank Building. 



Prior to the opening of the campaign Government Liberty Loan 
Posters were set up on standards in conspicuous places. The cam- 
paign AA'as made as usual by a house-to-house canvass by 25 teams. 

The quota allotted to Engle«-ood Avas. . ._ $l,448,.i00.00 

The amount of hoiids subscribed was 147 per cent 2,131,000.00 

Oversubscription $682,500.00 

Number of individual subscribers 4,309 


April 21 to May 10, 1919 


Geo. E. Hardy Chairman 

Arthur C. Sherwood \'ice-Chairman 

Allan C. Hoffman \'ice-Chairman 

Joseph Andrews Vice-Chairman 

Charles n. Bruvn Auditor 

Charles H. May Secretary 


Geo. E. Hardy, Chairman 
A. C. Sherwood loseph Andrews Abram DeRonde 

A. C. Hoffman A. I. Drayton Chas. F. Park, Jr. 

Edward S. Brockie C^hairman Speaker's Committee 

Frederick B. Clark Chairman Publicity Committee 

Stanle\ S. Evans Chairman Supplies Committee 

Robt. C. Gambee Chairman Head(|uarters Committee 

Mrs. Chas. W. Hulst Chairman Women's Committee 

Chas. F. Park, Jr Chairman Salesmen's Committee 

Headquarters: Citizen^' National Bank Buildins. 

The amount of notes subscribed was $1,834,550.00 

or 157 per cent of quota. 
The i|Uota allotted to Englewood \vas 1,113,300.0(1 

Resulting in oversubscription of $721,230.00 

Number of individual subscribers -.103 



loseph Andrews, Chairinan 
Mrs I H C; Mills " Mrs. H. F. Dawes Mr. George E. Hardy 

Vice-chairman Secretary Treasurer 


Campaign froin June 17 to June 23, 1917 

<"ield Manager 

T- ,, , Chairman 

Cjeorge E. Hardy . 

Mr^wT'power. ;;;;;.;.;;;.■.;. :;^'.'.^' ■■■'.■■■•■■ ■■■■■•■•p^ 

_ ^f, , ■ I Auditor 

James R.^ Trowbridge Secretary 

Georl^ a: Grah'am ' ' \vm. Ma;;in Coe ' ' Joseph Andrew's ' ' David J. McKenna 

[ .397 ] 



Joseph Andre\vs George B. Case Mrs. Gratz Mvers 

Mrs. J. H. G. Mills Miss Clephane Mrs. Thomas C. Thacher 

Mrs. H. F. Dawes Miss Laura Drake-Smith Mrs. Joseph H. Tillotson 

George E. Hardy Mrs. George A. Graham Mrs. William E. Tj'son 

Mrs. Malcolm Camphell Robert C. Hill Frederic C. Walcott 

Quota for Englenood Chapter $50,000.00 

The subscription bv Englewood Chapter $223,379.79 

Of which Englewood alone raised $175,843.80 


Campaign from May 20 to May 27, 1918 

(Englewood Members Only) 
Hon. Clinton H. Blake, Jr., Honorary 

Joseph Andrews 
Rev. James G. Bailey 
Daniel G. Bogert 
Mrs. Rochester Cuming 
George E. Hardy 
Rev. Fleming James 
D. J. McKenna 
Rev. C. E. Scudder 
D. G. Thomson 

Rev. Father Angelas 
Mrs. F. S. Bennett 
W. B. Boorum 
Rev. John DeKorne 
Robert C. Hill 
C. P. Kitchel 
C. y. Meserole 
Wm. M. Seufert 
William Tiernev 

Grosvenor H. Backus 
D. E. Blankenhorn 
Wm. Cantwell 
John Gross 
Mrs. Chas. W. Hulst 
Joseph Levinsohn 
Rev. Thornton B. Penfield 
Eudwig Stross 
Joseph H. Tillotson 

Joseph Andrews 
Robert C. Hill 


George E. Hard}', Chairman 
W. B. Boorum, Vice-Chairman 
Wm, Marvin Coe 
D. J. McKenna 

Grosvenor H. Backus 
C. V. Meserole 


A. C. Hoffman Publicity 

Joseph Andrews Speakers 

Wm. Conklin Fraternal Organizations 

Charles A. Bogert Trades 

R. C. Post Branches and Auxiliaries 

Harriet O'Brien Office Personnel 

E. E. Bennett Charles H. May R. J. Fooks 

Field Manager Secretary Cashier 

Quota for Englewood Chapter $200,000.00 

Subscription of Englewood Chapter $221,840.59 

Of which Englewood alone raised $174,047.43 


Beginning with Christmas time, 1917, the American Red Cross 
conducted nation-wide campaigns for members, at one dollar each for 
ordinary membership, and with several other classes of members. 
These were not drives to raise large sums of money so much as they 
were campaigns to secure a general distribution of the support of the 

[398 ] 


Red Cross by enlarging the membership in the local chapters. 
Dan Fellows Piatt, of Englewood, was chairman for Bergen County 
of the 1917 roll call. The machinery and personnel of the Liberty 
Loan and Red Cross War Fund drives was enlisted, the teams under 
their captains canvassed the city, the Lyceum headquarters were used, 
and, as usual, thoroughly efficient campaigns resulted. 



Field Manager 
Branches and 





Geo. E. Hardy 
A. C. Sherwood 

Charles H. Mav 
R. J. Fooks 
E. E. Bennett 
Mrs. W. F. Po^^■ers 
Joseph Andrews 

C. F. Park, Jr. 

Daniel G. Bogert 

Mrs. R. Cuming 


Geo. E. Hardy 
A. C. Sherwood 

Charles H. Mav 
R. J. Fooks 
Wm. M. Coe 
A. C. Hoffman 
E. S. Brockie 

E. E. Bennett 

R. C. Gambee 
Stanley S. Evans 


Lieut.-Col. O. M. Hurd 
Lieut.-Col. H. V. D. Moore 
Major A. L. Lindley 
Charles H. May 
Lieut. Howard M. Ingham 
Capt. R. G. Rolston 
Sgt.-Maj. Geo. D. Tillotson 

Major W. M. Coe 

Lieut. C. B. Burdett 
Lieut. V. J. Burger 

The 1919 Roll Call was conducted by returned service men. 
Number of Memberships secured : 


Englewood Chapter 6,915 

City of Englewood 3, .363 








In the fall of 1918 a nation-wide campaign was conducted for 
funds for the support of the seven principal welfare agencies (except 
the Red Cross) engaged in caring for our men overseas and in the 
training camps at home. The Young Men's Christian Association, 
the Young Women's Christian Association, Knights of Columbus, 
Salvation Army, Jewish Welfare League, War Camp Community 
Service, and American Library Association, all functioning under the 
supervision of the Commission on Training Camp Activities, united 
in an appeal on the basis of an agreed division of the amount sub- 

Seward Prosser, Peter S. Duryee, C. V. Meserole and Floyd R. 
DuBois served as officials of the campaign in New York City. 



The local Englewood organization was: 


Geo. E. Hard> Chairman 

Peter S. Duryee \'ice Chairman 

L. M, Parsons Treasurer 

Charles H. May and A. H. Springer Secretaries 


R. C. Post for the A'. M. C. A Joseph Levinsohn for the I. W. B. 

Mrs. R. M. Ingham for the Y. W. C. A. E. S. Brockie for the W.' C. C. s. 

Wm. Tierney for the K. of C. Mrs. T. A. Hacliett for the A. L. A. 
Geo. H. Payson for the S. A. 


Teams R. H. Corv 

Publicity A. C. Hoffman 

Meetings and Speakers E. S. Brockie 

Headquarters J. R. Melcher 

Victory Boys and CJirls Dr. E. C. Sherman 

In the midst of this drive the Armistice was signed. The campaign 
suitered on account of the general relaxation and the natural feeling 
that the crisis had passed. The campaign was lengthened, however, 
and as a result of impressing on our people, through the team workers, 
that welfare work was more than ever needed during demobilization 
to keep up morale, Englewood, as usual, a^ ent "over the top." 

Englewood subscribed $508,537.77, or 25 per cent of the whole 
amount subscribed in Bergen County. 


Campaigns were conducted on the same general plan, during the 
war period, for the War Savings Society, to sell Thrift and War 
Savings Stamps; by the Food Conservation Commission, to encour- 
age and unofficially to enforce the diets and other means of food 
conservation suggested by the Headquarters in Washington so as 
to reserve vital food supplies for our army and for our Allies; and, 
prior to the United War Work campaign, by the Salvation Army 
and the Y. M. C. A. 

[ 400 ] 


The work of the Red Cross in Englewood in wartime was of two 
distinct characters — the work of the local chapter preparing hospital 
and other supplies for the men overseas, and the work of the Home 
Service Section caring for families of service men at home and doing 
much other vital welfare work made necessary by the proximity of 
Camp Merritt. The story of the general work of the Englewood 
Chapter has been ably recorded by Miss Helen Elliott, secretary. 
The Home Service Section story was written by Miss Anna B. Clark, 
chairman of the section. These reports are filed in the Englewood 
Public Library. 


Miss Day, in her narrative picture of the spirit of Englewood 
at War, has devoted considerable space to the Red Cross. This digest 
therefore, is largely statistical. 

In the fall of 1914, Mrs. Geo. H. Payson conducted a class for 
British War Relief work, which made surgical dressings, hospital 
garments and sand bags. In 1915, two members from each church 
in Englewood organized a Red Cross Society, to do similar work, 
minus the sand bags — for all nations at war. The officers were : 
Chairman, Mrs. Geo. H. Payson; asst. chairman, Mrs. Henry Stock- 
man; secretary, Mrs. H. F. Dawes; treasurer, Mrs. H. A. Geyer. 
Meetings were held weekly at the Elks club house. Two other groups 
worked during this period, one at St. Paul's parish house, and one, 
for British war relief, at the home of Mrs. Lorentzen. 

In November and December, 1916, these four original units 
merged, with additional outside enlistments in the Englewood chap- 
ter, then newly chartered, of the American Red Cross, which in- 
cluded, at the start, Englewood, Leonia, Tenaily and Englewood 
Cliffs. The officers were: Chairman, Mr. Joseph Andrews; vice- 
chairman, Mrs. J. H. G. Mills; secretary, Mrs. H. F. Dawes; treas- 
urer, Mr. G. E. Hardy, and an executive committee of fourteen. 

Weekly, then daily, meetings were held at St. Paul's parish house, 
until March, 1917, when the trustees of the Methodist church gave 


the use, for the period ot the war, of their former church building 
on Grand avenue. 

During 1917, other towns in the northern valley joined the Engle- 
wood chapter until the list included Alpine, Closter, Cresskill, Dem- 
arest, Harrington Park, Morsemere, Northvale, Norwood, Palisades 
Park, Ridgefield, Teaneck, Tenafly, and West Englewood. A Junior 
Red Cross was organized in the schools. An emergency canteen 
served lunches for soldiers arriving at or leaving Camp Merritt. 
Local financial results in 1917 were, receipts $17,378.90; expendi- 
tures, $10,238.68. 

Nineteen hundred and eighteen showed marked increases in In- 
terest. Membership increased from 3632 to 8968. Mrs. DeWitt 
and Mrs. Melcher organized a successful canvass for old clothes for 
Belgian relief. Mrs. P. S. Duryee and Mrs. Mowry made, with 
able help, a similar collection of bed and table linen for hospitals 
in Europe. Five hundred and eighty-six large cases of surgical dress- 
ings and hospital garments were shipped. Flundreds of navy and 
thousands of army kits were made at home by members. The work 
of the Red Cross during the influenza epidemic in 1918 is separately 
reported under that heading. Christmas packages were forwarded 
for families In Englewood to their boys overseas, supplemented, 
where necessary, by gifts from the local chapter. 

Commenting on the death of Mrs. Dawes, Miss Elliott's report 
says: "A great loss come to the chapter and community In the death 
of Mrs. Henry Dawes, who had been the secretary for four years. 
It was due in large part to her untiring zeal and devotion, combined 
with a splendid executive committee, that the Englewood chapter had 
accomplished work that the community could well be proud of, and 
which had met with appreciative recognition from the Atlantic divi- 

In December, 1920, the rest of the war-time board retired after 
four active years of efficient service, and the chapter reorganized for 
peace-time activities, under the able chairmanship of Mr. E. S. 

Report by Mtss Ann.^ B. Clark 

The Home Service section of the Englewood chapter was organ- 
ized in October, 1917. Miss Anna B. Clark was appointed chair- 
man, and Miss Katherine Gardner, director of the Civic Association, 

[ 402 ] 


secretary. The Civic Association, through its board of directors, ac- 
cepted the responsibility for organizing and carrying on the work. 
A canvass of the chapter was made by visits and a circular letter sent 
to the family of every drafted man. This letter offered the services 
of the section, told the many difficulties that might arise, and offered 
help and advice. As each draft was called, this letter was promptly 


sent. At first there was very little response, but as the days and 
troubles multiplied, there came a slow stream of anxious people which 
swelled to a torrent, almost swamping the office, and bringing grateful 
realization of the advantage of a well established organization of 
trained workers able to take up the work. There are fourteen 
branches in the little towns of the northern valley comprising the 
chapter and in each a Home Service chairman was appointed and 
an educational campaign was carried on by means of monthly meet- 
ings. An advisory committee was appointed, numbering Dean Harlan 
F. Stone, Mrs. George Graham, William Marvin Coe, Mrs. F. S. Ben- 
nett, Maxwell Upson, Charles H. B. Chapin, the chairman and Miss 

[ 403 ] 


Gardner. For a while the work could be met by the small body of 
untrained branch chairmen with superivision, but as the war went on 
and Camp Merritt grew, a wholly new problem arose. Decisions 
had to be made very swiftly, and as accurately as possible, as much 
money was involved. The whole work was finally centered in the 
home office, with the very efficient help of some of the branch chair- 
men. This was not the best way for the education of the chapter, 
but was necessarv because of the much heavier work the Englewood 
section was called upon to do. The .\tlantic division asked the chap- 
ter to undertake the Home Service connected with the Camp Red 
Cross Service, and assume the care of the people attracted to the 
camp and settling in the surrounding towns. This branch of the work 
was very interesting but very hard, carrying the chairman and her 
assistants many hundreds of miles, and into every lane and corner 
of the surrounding villages. People came flocking from every State, 
following sons, brothers, husbands and would-be husbands. Many 
temporary homes had to be adjusted, transportations arranged for, 
care for the sick planned, new-born babies welcomed, runaway girls 
sent home or married, funerals arranged and attended, and the dead 
sent home. Besides their varied social service, the care for and in- 
terest in oin- own chapter families was incessant and of great interest. 
There was also the routine investigation of the non-payment of allot- 
ment and allowances, the lending of money, and later the careful 
investigation of discharge cases, which was required of the Red Cross 
by mditary orders. The influenza epiclemic fell as heavily on Engle- 
wood Home Service as on the chapter. A visiting nursing service 
was set up at twenty-four hours' notice and voluntary trained and 
untrained nurses did a splendid piece of work in the poorer districts. 
A small hospital for convalescent children was carried on. In Octo- 
ber, 1918, the work was expanded by adding a trained social worker 
to the staft, whose time was entirely given to the outlying villages of 
the chapter. Miss Caroline E. Wilhelm has made a very careful 
and close study of all the northern valley and has placed the chapter 
in a position to extend the Home Service into the health service of the 
peace time program. 


Compiled from reports, filed in the library, written by Hon. Clin- 
ton H. Blake, for the Committee of Public Safety, Arthur Sherwood 
in collaboration with others, for the Flome Guard, Motorcycle Bat- 



tery, Volunteer Police and State Militia Reserve, and an anonymous 
report for the American Protective League. 


In March, 1917, at the request of the adjutant-general of New 
Jersey, a committee of public safety was appointed by Alayor Blake 
as follows: Frederic C. Walcott, chairman, and Geo. B. Case, Albert 
I. Drayton, David J. McKenna, Henry W. Zuber, Douglas G. Thom- 
son, George A. Graham, William M. Seufert, William Tierney, Earl 
Talbot, William Cantwell, Peter S. Duryee, and Mayor Clinton H. 
Blake, ex officio. This committee acted as a general advisory com- 
mittee, with the mayor, in the direction of all general public safety 
and emergency measures throughout the city of Englewood, includ- 
ing the formation and supervision of the home guard, the guarding 
of public utility plants and other points, street patrol and auxiliary 
police, and cooperation with other communities and with the State 

W^ith the only motorcycle machine gun unit in the State, fully 
equipped and drilled, with 337 members pledged for any service as 
members of the Rifle association, of which the motor battery was a 
part, and with its police force, both regular anci volunteer, augmented 
for the emergency, Englewood, through its Committee of Public 
Safety, was the first community of New Jersey or of the New 
York metropolitan district to report ready for any duty at home or 
elsewhere in the State. This report was made by Mayor Blake to 
the Governor, before the declaration of war and before the forma- 
tion of the Home Guard. The State authorities availed themselves 
promptly of this condition of preparedness in Englewood when they 
called out the motorcycle unit to guard the water works at New 


As early as 1915, a group of Englewood citizens began an inves- 
tigation as to the best means of furthering the cause of preparedness 
and being of some real service to the community. General Leonard E. 
Wood was consulted and offered some concrete suggestions. At a din- 
ner on March 21, 1916, it was decided to form a motorcycle machine 
gun unit and to join the National Rifle Association as a means of 
securing some ofl^cial status and governmental sanction. The Engle- 



wood Motor Battery Rifle Association was formed with the following 
officers: President, George B. Case; vice-president, Gilbert U. Bur- 
dett; treasurer, H. M. Ingham; secretary, E. E. Bennett; executive 
officer, W. M. Coe. Russell B. Reid succeeded Mr. Coe, and Henry 
M. Coxe succeeded Mr. Reid as executive officer. 

Within the Rifle Association was formed the Englewood Motor- 
cycle Machine Gun Battery, the first of its kind in the United States. 
Baltimore promptly followed suit. Through the influence of General 
Wood these two units attended a special training camp at Fort Ethan 
Allen, Vermont, from August 10 to 29, 1916, afterwards taking part 
in the maneuvers at Plattsburg until September 5. By voluntary 
contribution from Englewood citizens, this battery had been fully 
equipped with four motorcycles with side cars, five single motorcycles, 
two Ford trucks, rifles, revolvers, uniforms, and full field equipment 
for twenty men. The Hendee Manufacturing company furnished the 
motorcycles and side cars at a price which was practically a gift, 
because of patriotic motives and the value of the Englewood experi- 
ment. Regular army officers trained the Englewood battery at both 
training camps and made full reports to Washington. The officers 
were Capt. H. M. Coxe; First Lieut. G. U. Burdett; Q. M. Sergt. 
S. M. Howe; Sergt. H. D. Chater; Corp. J. J. Castmore; Corp. 
Henry C. Stockman; Paymaster H. M. Ingham. 

Three hundred and thirty-seven citizens were enrolled in the Rifle 
Association itself, i^nother detachment was formed of those not in 
the motor battery, under C. E. Parsons, as first lieutenant, and J. W. 
Taussig, 2nd Lieut. H. C. Stockman became 2nd lieut. of the bat- 
tery, succeeded by R. G. Rolston. Both detachments were drilled 
by Capt. Gilman, of the regular army, until February 6, 1917. 

March 25, 1917, when war was expected daily, the Rifle Associa- 
tion was called out by Mayor Blake at the request of the Governor. 
The Motor Battery was sent to guard the water works at New Mil- 
ford and the other detachment guarded various public utilities in En- 
glewood. The next day, Company F, 5th Reg., N. J. N. G., was mobil- 
ized, and left the armory in charge of the Rifle Association. The bat- 
tery moved into the armory and a guard stood duty day and night. 
Streets were patrolled and the public utihty stations protected. The 
battery turned over to Company F its two Ford trucks, four single 
motorcycles and one side car. April 18, 1917, the Rifle Association 
formed an active nucleus for the Home Guard, with which it was then 

[ 407 ] 


Later Major, Chief of Machine Gun Small Ai'ms Section. Engineering 
Division, Oi-ilnance Department, U. S. Army 



The Committee of Public Safety and the mayor, cooperating with 
New Jersey State authorities, formeci the Englewood Home Guard, 
by a call issued April 18, 1917. Membership was divided into three 
classes — Class A, for duty anywhere within the State; Class B, for 
military duty within the limits of Englewood; and Class C, men over 
45, or those physically unfit for volunteer duty. 

Six companies were quickly formed as follows : 

Charles E. Parsons, Major 
Class . I Tv-o Companies 

(1) The Motor Battery — Capt. G. U. Burdett 

1st Lieut. H. C. Stockman 

(2) Company A — Capt. Aymar Embury, 2nd. 

1st Lieut. J. W. Taussig 
2nd Lieut. Clarence D. Kerr 

Class B Tlirec Companies 

(1) Company B— Capt. Alfred E. Drake 

1st Lieut. C. Campbell 
2nd Lieut. M. Olyphant 

(2) Company E— Capt. C. H. May 

1st Lieut. Douglas (1. Thomson 
2nd Lieut. Jas. Emmett 

(3) Company F — Capt. J. Stuart Eakin 

1st Lieut. E. C. Hartshorne 
2nd Lieut. David P. Earle 

Class C One Comt>any 

Compan\ C — Capt. F. H. Brown 

1st Lieut. R. H. Scarborough 
2nd Lieut. Arthur H. Bliss 

Stanley M. Howe and Lance Parsons were very efficient supply 
officers. 2nd Lieut. P. S. Duryee served as quartermaster. Later 
Company G (colored men with the exception of the ofiicers) was 
formed in Class B, under H. D. Chater, captain; F. S. Duncan, 1st 
lieutenant; and F. Y. Keeler, 2nd lieutenant. 

The Home Guard drilled in the armory, conducted outdoor war 
maneuvers, patrolled the streets and guarded vital points. Perhaps 
its chief usefulness was the advance military training given men who 
later joined the fighting forces. Many a man owed his quick pro- 
motion to non-commissioned rank in the army or navy to the training 
he received during the first few months of the Englewood Home 

The proximity of Camp Merritt, causing Englewood to be filled, 
first with the workmen building the camp, and later with soldiers, 

[409 ] 


made the Home Guard a necessity, not only as a remote measure of 
preparedness, and as a guard against fanatic pro-German vandalism 
to the public utilities, but as an additional volunteer police force. 

There were many changes of officers during the life of the Home 
Guard, anci a great many of the original members joined the national 
forces as volunteers or drafted men. 

The following held commissions or were promoted from their 
original posts : 

A. E. Drake, major; George B. Sadler, 2nd lieut. of Company A ; D. G. Thomson, 
captain of Company E ; Joseph Emmett, 1st lieut. of Company E ; Le Roy Pitl<in, 2nd lieut. 
of Compan}' E; J. W. Taussig, S. M. Howe and Dudley Humphrey, respectively, captain 
and 1st and 2nd lieutenants of Company A, consolidated Avith the Motor Battery; H. R. 
Vermllyc, captain of new Company I (vice Company C). 

During the use of Camp Merritt as an embarkation camp, the rifle 
range in the basement of the armory was kept open every weekday 
night for free rifle practice by soldiers from the camp. The range was 
in charge of Lieut. Frank Brinkerhoff of the Home Guard and a 
squad of expert marksmen from the ranks, who were detailed to that 
duty. The range was crowded with soldiers every evening. 

January, 1918, Governor Edge formed the New Jersey State 
Militia Reserve of which the Home Guard, as a body, became a part. 
Drills and other activities continued until after the Armistice. Finally, 
November 1, 1919, the battalion was mustered out. 


This was a nationwide organization, of a decidedly confidential 
nature, "organized with the approval and operating under the direc- 
tion of the United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Investi- 
gation." The New Jersey branch functioned early and efficiently. 
An Englewood man was made Inspector, in charge of the northern 
valley. Another was captain, Avith Englewood and nearby towns un- 
der his charge; and a lieutenant and three other members operated 
in Englewood itself. The nearness of Camp Merritt provided more 
work for the Englewood contingent than might otherwise have been 
the case. The routine work of the league was to check up the loyalty 
and general reputation of all applicants for commissions in the army 
or na\w, applicants for passports, and persons employed at Washing- 
ton or in other vital positions, and to check up the loyalty of the 
persons acting as references for them. 

All Englewood matters requiring investigations by the Depart- 
ment of Justice, Department of State, Military InteUigence or other 



national departments, and all reports to the police (except those of 
such vital nature that the few regular agents of the Department of 
Justice handled them personally) were turned over to the League 
for investigation and report. 

One of the greatest services which the league rendered was to 
investigate neighborhood reports and suspicions, and by proving the 
loyalty and good intentions of the suspected Americans of German 
or Austrian descent, neighborhood peace was mamtained. There 
were, unfortunately, cases where suspicion was justified, but they 
were few. 

During the year 1918 the officers of the League in Englewood 
worked on its investigations and reports practically all of the time 
not taken up by their regular business, and a good part of their nor- 
mal business hours as well. While the other members had less to 
do, they put in a good deal of time and dici a good job well. 

The League was disbanded February 1, 1919, as the L'nited 
States, in peace time, has no need anci no liking for civilian espionage. 
During the war, however, the work of the American Protective 
LeaiJue was of \'ital necessit\'. 



Rev. LLxrris E. Adriaxcf, 

In September, 1917, Camp Merritt being then under construction, 
the War Camp Community Service, at the request of Mrs. Fred S. 
Bennett, opened a branch in Englewood. The local officers were : 
President, Dwight W. Morrow (to be soon succeeded by Dan Fellows 
Piatt); chairman of executive board, Rev. Harris E. Adriance; 
Englewood members of executive board, Mrs. F. S. Bennett, Mrs. 
Edwin Holmes, Rev. Fleming James, Rev. Thornton B. Penfield, 
J. H. Tillotson, and Miss Katherine Gardner. 

The function of War Camp Community Service was to harmonize 
the contact of the citizens of garrison towns with the soldiers. In 
detail, its activities centered on welfare work for the soldiers and 
supervision over their entertainment outside of the camp confines. 
The Englewood Methodist church, co-operating with W. C. C. S., 
threw open its bowling alleys, billiard and club rooms to the service 
men, as did St. Paul's Episcopal church with its Parish House, where 
a community chorus was one feature of the work. Chaperoned 

[412 ] 


dances in conjunction v^-ith the Y. M. C. A. and the Girls' Patriotic 
League were frequent. 

A Soldiers' Club was opened on West Palisade avenue, and moved 
later to the northeast corner of Palisade avenue and Dean street. 
Here a cafeteria Avas operated, at low prices, under the charge of 
Miss Mary H. Pratt. A committee of men divided the work of 
serving as director-in-charge. The rooms were fitted up attractively 
and supplied with books, magazines and newspapers, a piano, games, 
writing paper and desks, and comfortable lounges around an open 
fire. The place was crowded, first Avith outgoing and later with 
returning soldiers. Special parties were held on Christmas and other 

The high school swimming tank was opened to soldiers, with a 
W. C. C. S. director in charge. 

Officers' dances were held at the high school, in charge of Mrs. 
Graham Sumner. A large block dance wzs held on July 4th, 1918, 
on Palisade avenue. 

Under the women of the W. C. C. S. executive board, the Girls' 
Patriotic League was formed. 

Approximately one hundred men each Sunday were invited to 
Englewood homes for dinner. Mr. Perry, manager of the Engle- 
wood Theatre, generously supplied free tickets for his moving pic- 
tures, which were distributed every night to soldiers at the club. 

In general, War Camp Community Service succeeded in officially 
extending the welcome, the interest and the good wishes of Engle- 
wood to the soldiers passing through Camp Merritt and to its 

By Clintox H. Blake 

On June 23rd, 1917, the President appointed the following as 
the members of Draft Board No. 5 for Bergen County, New Jersey: 
Mayor Clinton H. Blake, Jr., of Englewood, Mayor William H. 
Fleet of Dumont, and Dr. Charles A. Richardson of Closter. 
This board had jurisdiction over the district from and including 
Leonia on the south, to and including Old Tappan on the north, and 
with the exception of Fort Lee, over the territory from the Hacken- 
sack to the Hudson rivers within these limits. The district embraced 
the following towns: Englewood, Englewood Cliffs, Tenafly, Leonia, 
Cresskill, Demarest, Closter, Alpine, Norwood, Harrington Town- 



ship, Haworth, Harrington Park, Dumont, Bergenfield, Teaneck 
Township and Old Tappan. 

The board met within a few hours of its appointment and organ- 
ized by choosing Mr. Blake as chairman, Mr. Fleet as clerk, and 
Dr. Richardson as the medical member of the board. It immediately 
took over all of the draft registration cards in the first registration, 
numbering about 2,400. The instructions of the provost marshal- 
general required that all of these cards be examined to ascertain that 
no person had registered in the wrong district; that every original 
card be given a consecutive number; that copies of all the cards be 
prepared and given corresponding numbers; that the copies be com- 
pared with the originals and each copy certified by at least one 
member of the board; that the copies so certified be forwarded be- 
fore July 7th to the adjutant-general of New Jersey; and that lists 
of the names and addresses of the registrants and the number given 
each registrant be prepared, one to be posted at the office of the 
committee, one to be given to the press, one to be forwarded to the 
provost marshal-general at Washington before July 7th, and one to 
be retained by the committee. It will be seen from the foregoing 
that the amount of work called for within the time given was extraor- 
dinary. Many of the boards, even those having a much smaller 
registration than the Englewood board, failed to carry out the above 
instructions within the time limit. Immediately on receipt of the 
registration cards the board proceeded with the necessary work. 

Mr. George E. Hardy placed his entire office organization at 
the disposal of the board, in addition to the facilities which it already 
had, and by working day and night, aided by Mr. Hardy and Mr. 
May in his office, the board succeeded in completing its work, and 
the cards were forwarded to the adjutant-general and the list of 
registrations forwarded to the provost marshal-general on July 6th. 

The board decided to make Englewood its headquarters, the 
board of trade of Englewood generously placing at the disposal of 
the board its quarters in the Bergen building, and likewise placing at 
the disposal of the board the services of its then secretary, Mr. John 
J. Johnson. Later, the board took over itself the lease of these 
premises and continued to occupy them continuously throughout its 
existence. On June 1st, 1918, Mr. Johnson resigned to enter the 
service, and Mr. Frederick Ciausmeyer was appointed as clerk, June 
22nd, 1918, holding that position until the termination of the board 
work, March 31st, 1919. On September 9th, 1918, Mr. Blake 
resigned to enter the service, and was succeeded as a member of the 



board and as chairman by Mr. Douglas G. Thomson. OHve H. 
Demarest acted as an assistant to the board from May 27th, 1917, 
until June 1st, 1918, and Marion A. MacKenzie acted as an assistant 
from November 11th, 1917, to May 1st, 1918. Mr. William Mac- 
Allister, Sr., also gave most freely of his time and efforts, rendering 
valuable service in helping the board to arrange its records and con- 
duct its work. Shortly after the formation of the board Mr. George 
E. Tooker was appointed by the governor as the appeal agent. 

The board, following its organization, called upon a number of 
the physicians in and about Englewood for aid, and Drs. J. B. ^V. 
Lansing, Edmund N. Huff, John E. Pratt and Byron Van Home, 
under the direction of Dr. Richardson, as medical member of the 
board, organized the work of physical examination of registrants. 
Dr. G. Harold Ward attended to special examinations with regard 
to eyes, ears and throat, and Dr. R. A. Sheppard to dental examina- 
tion. Doctors H. W. Banta and W. S. McDannald also acted as 
examining physicians. A medical advisory board for the district was 
formed, composed of Doctors Walter Phillips (chairman), Edwin 
Holmes, James W. Proctor, E. N. Huff, G. H. Ward, R. A. Shep- 
pard, Andrew J. Nelden, G. R. Pitkin and J. E. McWhorter. To 
this board registrants might take appeals, on medical grounds, from 
the decision of the examining physician. The board aided the draft 
board by general advice on any medical question desired. 

The total registration in the June, 1917, class was 2,427. The 
registration in the June, 1918, class was 205. The registration in 
the September, 1918, class, between the years of 19 and 36, inclusive, 
war 1,719; between the years 37 and 45, inclusive, 2,601; and of 
18 years, 243. Excluding men who were inducted into the work of 
the Emergency Fleet organization, desertions, which were very few, 
and limited service men, who were held available for special work, 
but not for ordinary service, by reason of physical disabihty or other 
reasons, there were Inducted and sent to camp: from the June, 1917, 
class, 605 men; from the June, 1918, class, 89 men; from the Sep- 
tember, 1918, 19 to 36 year class, 73 men; and from the 1918, 18 
year class, 20 men. Due to the termination of the war, none of the 
37 to 45 year, 1918, registrants was sent to camp. 

The men sent to camp were re-examined physically on their arrival 
at camp, and it Is noteworthy that No. 5 board had fewer physical 
rejections at camp than any board in Bergen County, and less of these 
rejections than any board In the state, of its size and character. 

The first three men of the draft quota to leave were Morrell 



Birtwhistle of Englewood, Frederick Wirth of Closter, and Basil 
Murphy of Leonia. They left on September 3rd, 1917. At regular 
intervals thereafter the men went steadily forward, as the govern- 
ment issued its calls, until the signing of the Armistice. Invariably 
the men were escorted to the train by the officials of the draft board, 
and the Englewood Pipers' Band repeatedly gave its services in 
heading the march. Each man sent to camp was presented with a 

Frcrl C. Wirth, Morrell Birtwhistle and Basil Murphy 
Camp Dix. September. 1917 

luncheon and comfort kit by the ladies of the Red Cross, special 
services in this connection being performed by Mrs. Samuel S. Camp- 
bell and Mrs. Floyd Y. Keeler. 

Mention should be made also of the aid which the teachers of 
the public school gave to the draft board as special assistants in the 
checking and preparation of lists. The records show that 64 teachers 
worked from two to six hours per week at this work for a considerable 
period. The board of education also gave valuable help by placing 
rooms in the school buildings at the disposal of the board for medical 
examinations, extra clerical work and other purposes, and Dr. Sher- 
man, then the superintendent of schools, and Miss Coe, the secretary 
of the board of education, and others, extended every help possible 
to the board and its assistants. 

The work of the board involved a tremendous amount of detail 
on account of the number of registrants to be examined and classified, 
irrespective of their final induction into the service. Every case was 
considered on its individual merits. Investigations were made and 
hearings held regarding registrants and claims for exemption. Spe- 



cial mention is due the conscientious and untiring work of Mr. Claus- 
meyer, as clerk. During the active months of the board's work it was 
in session practically every night until well after midnight, and Mr. 
Clausmeyer, in addition to his work during the regular office hours, 
was almost invariably present in the evenings, so as to be available 
in case of need. 


The story of the local Boy Scout movement, as written for this 
history by John L. Vanderbilt, and filed in the Library, is more a 
general history of Englewood Scouting from its inception in 1910 
than a special account of Scout activities during the war period. 
Within seven months of the time when the Boy Scouts of America 
were chartered by Congress, Englewood had three troops, organized 
independently of each other. Early scoutmasters and assistants were 
Robert C. Post, Gerald M. Curran, John L. Vanderbilt, H. Benjamin 
Clark, Edgar Boody, Floyd R. DuBois, Hugh Peters and Reginald 
Halliday. After about three years the work was continued under 
George D. Baker, Morse Burtis, Kent Hawley, J. F. Hawxwell 
and Earle Talbot. In June, 1916, a charter was obtained for a local 
Council, with Robert C. Post as president and Earle Talbot as com- 

During the war the Scouts cultivated one section of the Com- 
munity Garden, distributed circulars and posters for Liberty Loan 
and the other drives, ushered at public meetings, and did well what- 
ever they were called on to do. 

Perhaps the most patriotic thing done by Englewood Scouts 
during the war was to refrain, at the request of the campaign com- 
mittees, from selling Liberty Bonds and soliciting subscriptions to 
the various war funds. The committees felt that the adult team 
members could secure larger subscriptions than the boys. National 
Scout Headquarters arranged nation-wide competitions between Scout 
troops and local councils, kept a record of their success in selling bonds 
and so forth, and awarded badges and other credits for efficient 
work. The Englewood Scouts voluntarily gave up their participation 
in these contests, gave up all chance of earning recognition for their 
troops and opportunity of earning individual medals, and willingly 
sacrificed the present and future satisfaction which would have been 
theirs if they had taken part in these drives; and all in the face of 
their natural confidence that they could do as well as the men. In 
recognition of this self-sacrifice and of the valuable services along 



other lines which the Scouts efficiently rendered, the mayor and 
common council presented a medal for meritorious service in war- 
time to every Englewood Scout certified by his scoutmaster as entitled 
to that honor. 

Practically all the original Scouts of the 1910 group enhsted in 
active service. Two of them, who had become assistant scoutmasters 
before leaving the Boy Scouts to play a man's part overseas, are on 
Englewood's Roll of Honor. Scouts Francis John Brown and Fred- 
eric H. Brown both earned the Distinguished Service Cross, and both 
were killed in action. 

In 1919 Mayor McKenna put an added impetus into local Scout- 
ing. A drive for funds was so successful that no appeal has since 
been made. Headquarters were obtained, a paid Scout executive was 
employed, camping equipment was provided, new troops were formed 
and, under Clarence D. Kerr as president of the local council. Scout- 
ing in Englewood prospered. The Home Guard and the Motor 
Battery turned over to the Scouts both equipment and funds, and 
Major John W. Loveland more recently presented to the Boy Scouts 
the bank balance and camping outfits of the Training Corps for 
boys conducted by him during the latter part of the war. The men 
behind these serious wartime movements appreciated that the Scouts, 
although not a military organization, by training boys in resourceful- 
ness and initiative to live up to their motto, "Be Prepared," could 
best carry on for them in peace times. 


Condensed from an article bj' Amelia Josephine Burr 

Upon Englewood women, because of the size of Englewood as 
compared to other towns in close proximity to Camp Merritt, lay 
the chief responsibility for such volunteer work at the camp as was 
needed, and badly needed, by soldiers and their visiting families. 

On August 13, 1917, Mrs. F. S. Bennett of Englewood, as chair- 
man of the Women's Committee of the Council of National Defense, 
called on the local chapter of the Young Women's Christian Associa- 
tion to co-operate and to take an active interest in the welfare of 
one hundred and fifty girl clerks to be employed at the camp. The 
committee formed for this purpose was soon called on to broaden 
the scope of its work by providing hostess houses, a small one at 



first and later a larger one, built for the purpose. The functions of 
these houses, situated within the picket lines of Camp Merritt, were 
to serve the embarking (and later the returning) soldiers passing 
through the camp by providing a properly supervised place where 
their families, sweethearts and other visitors could meet the men. 
The complete service included: 

(1) General reception and comfort of guests; visiting and rest rooms, nurser}', smok- 
ing room, telephone and checking service. 

(2) Location and sending for soldiers in camp. 

(3) Cafeteria, for all meals. 

(4) A General Bureau for Information, not only about the camp, but regarding 
travel routes, time tables, and lodgings near the camp or in New York. 

(5) Emergency work — care of sick visitors, and those in trouble. 

The last classification, "those in trouble," was all-embracing, and 
called on our Englewood women for all their sympathy, womanliness 
and common sense. Miss Burr's story contains statistics, which she 
calls the "bones of history," but it also tells many pitiful stories of 
parents, or young wives, who arrived from long distances only to 
find their soldiers already sailed for overseas; of mothers who spent 
every available cent to reach the camp and were then stranded without 
resources, of brave women who sent their men away with a smiling 
face, only to break down and need care and comfort as soon as the 
soldiers were out of hearing; and, finally, during the later period, 
stories of men returning aged, but with an added look of dependa- 
bility, of their delight at reaching the United States and having home 
food served by sure-enough American girls, and of joyful reunions 
with their people. 

A typical report, that for August, 1918, shows: 

Total calls for soldiers from Knickerbocker Road Hospital House 8,706 

Highest day 982 

Lowest day 46 

Guests lodged in neighborhood 2o9 

Total calls for soldiers from Madison Avenue Hostess House 3,649 

Highest day 450 

Lowest day 20 

Guests lodged in neighborhood 560 

During one month the cafeterias served 33,000 meals. 

Camp Merritt was quarantined the entire month of October, 
1918, when the principal work of the hostess houses was In caring 
for the families of soldiers seriously ill of Spanish Influenza at the 
camp hospital. 

■ No list is given here of the Englewood women who served at the 
hostess houses. So many were needed and so many served efficiently 



and devotedly, taking regidar turns at work definitely assigned to 
them, that the list, if it were available, would include most of the 
big-hearted women of Englewood. 


Condensed from an article by Mrs. Charles F. Park, Jr. 

Englewood women served as volunteers within Camp Merritt's 
picket lines in other capacities than as hostesses in the Y. W. C. A. 
hostess houses. The Red Cross convalescent house was for a long 
time the only place outside of his hospital ward where a convalescent 
soldier was allowed to go. Here a group of Englewood girls, chap- 
eroned by older matrons, attended every day to entertain and care 
for the men. Card games from coon-can to auction bridge, chess, 
and particularly checkers, reading aloud and general sociability pro- 
vided relaxation and stimulation for men recovering from wounds or 
illness. A branch of the American Library Association provided 
books of all sorts, as well as current magazines and newspapers. 
Mrs. Park tells of the astonishment of the Southern boys at finding 
Northern women glad to wait on them. 

Mrs. Park organized a group of women who drove their own 
automobiles. They called at the convalescent house once each week 
and took a earful of soldiers, dressed in pajamas, slippers, bath- 
robes and hospital caps, for an afternoon's drive. The predicament 
of more than one woman, separated from the rest of the convoy 
of cars, marooned on a country road with a puncture or engine 
trouble, and with a earful of helpless soldiers, fantastically dressed, 
and overdue at the camp, was an experience those women will never 
forget. The soldiers thoroughly enjoyed these drives. 

A motion picture projector was installed in the convalescent house 
and later, by arrangement with some association of theatrical people 
in New York, regular vaudeville entertainments were given by top- 
notch professional entertainers, who volunteered their services. 
Transportation for these vaudevlllians was furnished by the Women's 
Motor Corps of Ridgewood. 

Another group of Englewood motorists ran a regular schedule 
under Mrs. Gratz Myers, of trips between the camp and a series 
of dances held for convalescent soldiers at St. Paul's Parish House, 
by the Girls' Patriotic League. 

[ 420 ] 



From a report by Alice S. Coe, Secretary of the Board of Education 

In response to a call by the President of the United States, 
urging all citizens to increase and conserve the food supply of the 
nation, the Committee of Public Safety, with the support of the 
common council and the board of education, established, in April, 
1917, the Englewood Community Garden. C. H. B. Chapin, Edgar 
Boody and Miss Coe, secretary, acted as the garden committee. 


Thomas P. Gavit assumed the control of the venture. The common 
council appropriated $1,500 as part of the budget of the board of 
education and a group of citizens volunteered to underwrite any 
deficit to the extent of $25 each. 

The Knickerbocker Realty Company gave the use of a large tract 
of land on Liberty road. Of this area, about seven acres were 
cultivated as individual tracts, five acres were planted with beans by 
the Boy Scouts, and the remaining eighteen and a half acres consti- 
tuted the Community Garden proper. 

The land was plowed and prepared by the committee, who also 
furnished tools. Mr. Daniel E. Pomeroy gave a Ford car to assist 
in the work. The cultivators of individual tracts and the Scouts paid 
the committee for this preliminary work and for seed. The produce 
of the individual tracts then belonged to the cultivators, mostly boys 
and girls. 

The community tract was cultivated by school children under the 
supervision of Mr. Charles O. Smith, the gardening expert of the 



board of education, and two paid assistants. The school children 
were paid a moderate rate per hour for their work. 

On Saturday afternoons, when Miss Coe paid the children for 
their week's work in the garden. Miss Katherine Gardner, of the 
Thrift Fund, was present at the request of the children, and most of 
their earnings were turned over to her to pay for Liberty Bonds. 

The produce of the IS^^ acres of the Community Garden was 100 
bushels of potatoes, 15 bushels of beans, 175 bushels of tomatoes, 
12,000 ears of corn, 100 bushels of field corn, 75 bushels of beets, 
200 bushels of carrots, and some cabbages. 

In addition to the Community Garden itself there were 400 chil- 
dren of the public schools and 150 of the parochial school who culti- 
vated home gardens, or small plots In various large pieces of ground 
loaned for the purpose. All these gardens were also supervised by 
Mr. Smith and his assistants. 

In the Fourth of July parade of 1917 the garden work was repre- 
sented by floats, and signs cleverly conceived and carried out. 

The Community Garden itself was not a financial success, and a 
call was made on the underwriters to cover the deficit. But a sub- 
stantial addition was made to the food supply, and an interest in 
gardening was fostered which has continued since the war. There 
were 183 home gardens of school children, supervised by the board 
of education, in 1920. 


From a report b\' Isabelle J. Talliman 

As part of the general national plan of food conservation a com- 
mittee was formed in Englewood, 1917-1918, financed by the Civic 
Association and under the chairmanship of Mrs. Tallman, to add to 
the^ available food supply by preserving, for winter use, perishable 
fruits and vegetables, principally from home gardens. Miss Winifred 
Philleo, of Mechanics' Institute, Rochester, N. Y., was employed as 
demonstrator and teacher of home methods of canning and preserv- 
ing. Clubs were formed, demonstrations were regularly given in each 
section of the city, exhibitions were Iield and prizes awarded. The 
Woman's Club took an active interest and gave a scholarship at the 
Woman's College at New Brunswick to a successful member of the 
Canning Club. 

The whole program for 1918 was financed by the Woman's Club. 
Mrs. Hoxie succeeded Miss Philleo as instructor. 



The work of the Canning Committee has been lasting, for during 
their activity in wartime many housewives were taught to preserve 
their own winter foodstuffs, who had never done so before. 

The girls of the Englewood Canning Club exhibited and took 
prizes at county and state fairs at Hackensack, Trenton and Atlantic 
City, and at Springfield, Mass. 


From a report by Alice S. Coe, Secretary 

In 1917, for the double purpose of encouraging thrift and helping 
to finance the war by the sale of Thrift Stamps and War Savings 
Certificates, War Savings Societies, under national supervision, were 
formed all over the country. The New Jersey State Committee of 
the War Savings Campaign was particularly well served by Engle- 
wood men. Dwight W. Morrow, as director; Vernon Munroe, vice- 
director; Waldo S. Reed, treasurer; and Lewis C. Dawes as head of 
the Speakers' Bureau, gave all their time to the formation and 
supervision of War Savings Societies throughout the state, until, in 
1919, the organization was absorbed by the Federal Reserve Bank. 

Locally, the Englewood War Savings Society was one of the first 
formed and one of those most efficiently and successfully operated. 
The Englewood officials were : 

Hon. Clinton H. Blake, Jr., President. 

Miss Alice S. Coe, Secretary and Treasurer. 

Graham Sumner, Chairman of Executive Committee. 

Charles H. B. Chapin, Chairman of Committee on Branch Societies. 

Josiah R. Melcher, Chairman of Committee on Finance. 

Stuart Ljman, Chairman of Committee on Agencies. 

Mrs. C. W. Plulst, Chairman of Committee of Women. 

E. Eversley Bennett, Field Manager of Membership Campaign. 

The organization of the Englewood War Savings Society covered 
the entire city of Englewood, which was districted and each district 
placed under a team captain and a team of workers. Practically 
every man, woman and child in Englewood was asked to sign a pledge 
agreeing to buy a certain number of War Savings Stamps at regular 
Intervals, and to specify the branch War Savings Society he or she 
wished to join. These branches were formed in all localities and In 
most existing organizations, such as churches, schools, lodges, etc. All 
branch societies made monthly reports to headquarters. These re- 
ports were published In the Press to stimulate interest. There were 
46 branches, with 4,288 members. 



In 1918 the total sales of stamps were $109,686.06; and in 1919, 
to April, the sales were $7,242.21. 

The War Savings Society, as such, ceased to function in April, 
1919, but it had a lasting effect on the community. The present 
"Thrift Fund" in the public schools is its direct successor. Out of a 
total school registration of about 2,200, approximately 1,400 are 
saving through the "Thrift Fund." From May 1, 1920, to May 1, 
1921, the school children deposited $10,125.69 in the fund. 


From the report of Miss Katherine Gardner 

When it first became known that a large military camp was to be 
placed in the vicinity of Englewood, some far-sighted women of the 
community became concerned as to what this might mean to the 
girlhood of the towns involved. The Women's Committee of the 
Council of National Defense, with Mrs. F. S. Bennett as its county 
chairman, decided to organize the Girls' Patriotic League on a county 
basis. The Civic Association of Englewood loaned the services of 
its director, Miss Katherine Gardner, and in September, 1917, the 
work of organization was begun. 

In Englewood there were first held four mass meetings for the 
women of the city, followed by two mass meetings for girls. At 
these gatherings over 600 girls expressed their desire for patriotic 
idealism and service by signing the pledge "to uphold the standards 
of my country, my community, myself and other girls and to give 
personal service whenever possible for my country, my community 
and other girls." 

A local committee was formed, with Mrs. Edward M. Speer as 
chairman and Miss Ruth Olyphant as vice-chairman. The Girls' 
Friendly Society, Camp Fire Girls, Girl Scouts, etc., affiliated them- 
selves with the league and new groups were formed. Headquarters 
were established in a room kindly donated by the Palisades Trust & 
Guaranty Company. 

The first big undertaking of the league was to provide Christmas 
presents for the 1,900 members of the 49th Infantry, which was then 
the garrisoning regiment at Camp Merritt. 

In the spring of 1918, and later, many thousand articles were 
made by the girls for the sick and wounded soldiers at the base 
hospital at Camp Merritt. The league also did Red Cross work 



and helped in the War Savuigs Campaign, Liberty Loans and the 
various War Fund drives. 

In the summer of 1918 the War Camp Community Service 
adopted a program for girls' work and took over the Bergen County 
Girls' Patriotic League. In September, their representative. Miss 
Genevieve Forsberg, came to Englewood and became the active 
director of the organization. Miss Gardner taking the general chair- 
manship, with Mrs. E. M. Speer as chairman of work. Miss Caro- 
line Chapin served as local chairman. 

After the Armistice, more effort was made to develop the social 
and recreational side of the organization. The girls participated in 
weekly dances for soldiers at St. Paul's Parish House and gave many 
entertainments for them at their headquarters in the Twist and 
Murray building. Athletics, hikes and bird walks have been encour- 
aged; canning and cooking classes have been organized and many of 
the girls have taken Red Cross home-nursing courses. 

By Miss Katherine Gardner 

As soon as it became apparent that the influenza epidemic of 1918 
was spreading rapidly, the American Red Cross and the Civic Asso- 
ciation took immediate steps to meet the situation. A house-to-house 
survey of the most congested section of the city disclosed a great 
many cases, some whole families being ill, with no one to care for 
them. It was decided to meet the emergency by supplying increased 
hospital facilities and by setting up a nursing organization to supply 
home care where that was needed. 

The work done at the Emergency Hospital, for which the Engle- 
wood Field Club generously donated its building, cannot be over- 
estimated. Under the able leadership of the officers of the Red 
Cross Chapter, the Field Club was transformed, almost over night, 
into an adequately equipped hospital with an unlimited host of volun- 
teer workers, who contributed without stint of supplies and personal 

Convalescent care was also provided, adults being taken to one 
wing of the Englewood Hospital, and children being cared for in 
the Day Nursery rooms of the Civic Association. A visiting nursing 
service was established, with headquarters at the Neighborhood 
House on Humphrey street. During the epidemic 237 patients from 
80 families were cared for. Three trained nurses volunteered their 



services and under their supervision Avorked a score of volunteers 
and a few paid workers. 

The care given included not only nursing, but food, clothing, 
bedding, scrubbing, laundry work and everything else that must be 
done to keep a home going. 

Tragic as was the epidemic, perhaps nothing in the history of 
Englewood, save the Great War itself, has so knit together the lives 
of the entire community. Those who worked in the homes of the 
poor came to a realizing sense of their responsibility for the condi- 
tions in which these their neighbors had to live, and resolved that 
they would not be content until equal privileges for sanitation and 
health were given to the whole town. On the other hand, the less 
favored people learned to appreciate the interest that was taken in 
them by the "other side." The spirit of unity, in the time of crisis, 
made the troubles of the few the vital concern of all. 





Note. — Practically every patriotic Englewood citizen was engaged to a greater or less 
degree in civilian %var work in Englewood or in New York. The following list includes 
only those engaged in national, rather than local activities: 


Served overseas with the Y. M. C. A. 


Two years in office of Alien Property Custodian at Washington. 


Director, Bureau of Publications, American Red Cross, June, 1917-July, 1918. 
Commissioner to Latin America, American Red Cross, July, 1918, to June, 1919. 


Head of the Potomac Division of the Red Cross, stationed at Washington — June 1, 
1917, to September 1, 1918. 

Sent by the Foreign Division to tour Latin America, establishing branches and in- 
structing those already formed. 


Chief of the Wire and Cable Section of the War Industries Board in charge of 
Procurement of all Electrical Wires and Cables for War and Navy Departments. 


Was one of the first nine men sent to France by the Red Cross. Was much of the 
time at the front. Was sent to the Kuban district during the typhus plague. Was 
with Denikin's Army in its retreat. He was sent to Armenia to safeguard refugees, 
also to Petrograd. Was Commissioner of Relief in Austro-Hungary. 


1917-1918 — Served as volunteer in American Red Cross at Washington, as Comp- 
troller, and thereafter as a member of the Chairman's Advisory Committee. 
1917 — Served as a member of Committee on Housing appointed by Council of 
National Defense. 

1918 — Served as a member of Advisory Committee to Director of Finance, War 


Athletic director, Y. M. C. A., from July, 1918, to March, 1919; with the 36th 
Division in France from September, 1918, to February, 1919. 

(Amelia Josephine Burr) 

A speaker and reciter at soldiers' camps and other war gatherings. 

Member of the Vigilantes, authors who contributed their writings for war service. 


Military Intelligence Dept., Washington, January, 1918, to December, 1918. 
Canteen service, Y. M. C. A., France and Germanv, December, 1918, to August, 


Educational director, Y. M. C. A., War Work Council, Washington district, D. C. 


Y. M. C. A., France, February, 1918-February, 1919. 


Engineering section of the construction division of the War Department stationed 
at Washington, D. C, as a civilian. 

[427 ] 



From June 1, 1918, to January 1, 1919, Miss Karcher engaged in doing research 
work in the Military Intelligence Division of the General Staff in Washington. 
Detailed to M. I. 4 of that Division. 


June 20, 1917, entered office of Director of Council of National Defense, Wash- 
ington, D. C. On formation of War Industries Board on July 28, 1917, became 
assistant to Robert S. Brockings, Commissioner of Finished Products. Shortly after- 
wards also became secretary of the clearance committee of the War Industries 
Board, serving in these capacities until April, 1918. April-Septemher, 1918, chief 
of the commodity section of the Purchase, Storage and Trafhc Division of the Gen- 
eral Staff in charge of representation of the Army on the commodity sections of 
the War Industries Board. Resigned in latter part of September, 1918, to accept 
commission as Captain in Chemical Warfare Service. After preliminary training 
at Camp Humphries, Va., graduated at V. S. Gas School, Camp Kendrick, N. J., in 
November, 1918. Discharged December, 1918. 


With Alien Property Custodian, New York office, Dec. 1, 1917, to Nov. 1, 1918. 


Prior to the entry of the ITnited States into the ^var, was active in behalf of the 
Allies. Was one of the negotiators in the Anglo-French loan of $500,000,000 in 
October, 191S. Was also active with other members of J. P. Morgan & Co. in the 
purchasing of munitions and food supplies for the British and French Govern- 
ments, such purchases aggregating $3,000,000,000. 

Was a member of the national committees on Liberty loans and on capital issues. 
In November and December, 1917, at the request of the United States Treasury 
officials, visited England and France on an unofficial mission ; during the first half 
of 1919 served as financial and economic advisor at Paris to the American Commis- 
sion to Negotiate Peace; acting as a member of the reparations, the finance and 
economic commissions. Was present at the signing of the Treatv of Versailles on 
June 30, 1919. 

Mr. Lamont has been decorated b\- the French government with the Legion of 
Honor — Ofhcier Rank; also by the King of the Belgians with the Cross of Grand 
Otficier of the Order of the Crown, and by the King of Greece with the Cross of 
Commander of the Royal Order of George the First. 


From Oct. 5, 1917, to March 18, 1919, served as field representative of the Ordnance 
Department at large. He established an office in New York Citv and, working 
through the Civil Service Commission, secured for the Ordnance Department large 
number of stenographers, t\pists and clerks of all grades through an extensive 
recruiting campaign, which supplied many thousand employees for the Ordnance 


Mr. Morrow was director of the war savings campaign for the State of Ne^v Jersey 
until July 11, 1918. He then resigned in order to continue his work as advisor to 
the Allied Maritime Transport Council, and a civilian member of General Persh- 
ing's staff, in which capacities he served in Europe from Februarv to December, 
1918. For his war work in Europe he received the following decorations: United 
States, Distinguished Service Medal; France, Chevalier of the Legion of Honor; 
Italy, Officer of the Crown of Italy; Greece, Chevalier of the Royal Battalion of 
George the First. 


Vice director of national war savings committee for New Jersey with State office at 

Assistant director of war savings, second Federal Reserve district, with district office 
at Federal Reserve Bank, 120 Broadwav. 


seas V 


[428 ] 

Miss Olvphant served overseas with the Young Men's Christian Association fr 
Dec. 28, 1918, to Aug. 1, 1919. 



U. S. Fuel Administrator for Bergen County, 1917-19. President of war camp com- 
munity service for Bergen County, 1917-19. Chairman Red Cross Christmas cam- 
paign, 1917, for Bergen Coimty. Member of committee of diocese of Newark for 
Camp Dix. 


Served in France in 1918 as a major in the American Red Cross. Was placed in 
charge of hospitalization in the British zone and the Red Cross activities of five 
A. E. F. divisions. On Nov. 24, 1918, he was placed in charge of the organization 
in the Boulogne zone and given the title of deputy-commissioner, and cooperated 
closely with the British, Canadian and Australian Red Cross societies. Returned 
Jan. 14, 1919. 


From March, 1918, to Armistice, was connected with the collegiate department of 
Food Administration which published textbooks for scientific propaganda for food 


Chairman of the membership committee in New York City for the American Red 
Cross. Chairman of the national executive committee of the American Red Cross 
war finance committee to raise the first $100,000,000 for the Red Cross upon our 
entering the war. Succeeded in raising $106,000,000. 

Campaign chairman of the Red Cross committee which raised $26,000,000 in New 
York City alone. 

Member of the New York Liberty Loan committee and active through his official 

capacity as president of the Bankers Trust Company, in the sale and promotion of 

allied loans. For this service was elected Chevalier of the Legion of Honor. 

He made two trips to France in which he inspected the Red Cross activities. 


Served as director, department of insurance, at national headquarters, American 
Red Cross, Washington, D. C, for about two years. 


Chief inspector, fabric department, inspection division, gas defense plant. Chemical 
Warfare Service, United States Army. 


In February, 1917, went overseas in the American field service for seven months. 
When this branch of service w^as taken over by the American Army returned to 
America. In January, 1918, went overseas in transportation department of Amer- 
ican Red Cross. 


Represented the Alien Property Custodian in various capacities during the war 
period and until the sale by the Government of enemy alien interest in various 





HE committee in charge o£ publishing this history has earn- 
estly tried to make this record accurate and complete, but 
there are unavoidable errors and omissions. All the avail- 
able material of the Mayor's Committee of Welcome, and 
the files of the American Legion, were turned over to the committee. 
The committee supplemented these two previous attempts to secure a 
proper record by sending out a questionnaire, and later following this 
with an urgent letter and a second copy of the questionnaire. Every- 
one whose name was secured from any source was, therefore, sought 
four times, and still there are too many gaps in the information. 
Some of those whose names appear, with no additional information, 
are themselves to blame for not having furnished the particulars of 
their service. Some, however, probably no longer live in Englewood, 
and were not reached by the various letters and personal efforts to 
find them. 

The information regarding service chevrons is, in many cases, the 
only Information sent in by a soldier to show he served overseas. 
The early questionnaires of the Mayor's Committee of Welcome did 
not call for this information. The committee has tried to make the 
information regarding service chevrons as accurate as possible, but 
there are probably some who are entitled to the gold chevron for 
overseas service who have not been so recorded. 

Chevrons were awarded as follows: 

Blue for three months' overseas service; 

Gold for six months' overseas service. 

Silver for six months' service in United States. 


In most cases an officer or enlisted man had no choice as to where 
he was ordered to serve. Many men in the following list did good 
work in the United States while they were seeking transfer or awaiting 
orders to go overseas. 



In Federal Service from: Sept. 6, 1917, to May 21, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Hdqrs. Co., 308th Field Artillery, 7Sth Division. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Ton), St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne, Grand Pre. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Mechanic. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Ciold. 


In Federal Service from; April 16, 1918, to July 2, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Sub. Chaser, No. 113, U. S. Naval Force. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: M. M., 2nd Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 


In Federal Service from- Oct. 2, 1917, to April 18, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Field Artillery— Bat. F, Bat. A, Hdqrs., 2nd Bn., 7th 

F. A., 1st Div., A. E. F. G-1, G. H. Q. 
Battles, Engagements: Ansauville, Saizerais, St. Mihiel, Argonne-Meuse, 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 

Decorations and Citations: Cited at order of 1st Brig., cited at order 1st Div. 
Prior Military Service: French Army— Sec. D. T. M. V., 133 Mallet Reserve 

M.ay-OcL, 1917. 


In Federal Service from: May 22, 1917, to June 2, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Medical— 1 14th F. Hosp., 29th Div., 104th Sanitary Train. 

Battles, Engagements: Haute Alsace, Campaign North of Verdun. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 


In Federal Service from: April 13, 1917, to Sept. 6, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Co. F, Sth N. J. Inf., N. G. Co. F, 104th Engrs. Hdqrs. 
104th Engrs., 520th U. S. Engrs. Assigned, Casual Officers' Detach. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lieutenant. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Alsace-Lorraine, Meuse-Argonne. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Cjold. 


In Federal Service to: May 20, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 104th Engineers, 29th Division. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Wagoner. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Prior Military Service: Mexican Border. 


In Federal Service from: July 16, 1918, to Dec. 11, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Central Machine Gun Officers' Training School, Camp 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Still in school when peace was declared. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: June 18, 1918, to Feb. 14, 1919. 
Branch of Service: V. S. Marine Corps, Paris Island, S. C. 
Grade or Rank at Discliart;e: Corporal. 


In Federal Service from: June 10, 1918, to Dec. 10, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Medical Dept., Base Hospital Laboratories, Camp Dix. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Laboratory Technician. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Silver. 



In Federal Service from: Dec. 13, 1917, to June 6, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Quartermaster Corps, Utilities Detach. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 26, 1918, to May 3, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 303rd Trench Mortar Bat., 78th Division. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: June 3, 1918, to July 21, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 472nd and 478th Engineers. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 14, 1917, to March 29, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Personnel Department, Q. NL C, Tours, France. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 2, 1918, to Dec. 17, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Princeton University Battalion, Columbia University 

Naval Unit. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Cadet. 


In Federal Service from: Sept., 1918, to Dec, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Engineers' Training School, U. S. Gas School. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 


In Federal Service from: July 24, 1918, to July 23, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Ordnance Rapair Shops. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Nov., 1917, to Jan. 6, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Hd(irs. Transportation Corps, Army Transport Service. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Senice from; May 14, 1917, to Aug. 26, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Adjutant, 2nd Battalion, 152nd Brigade, Camp Upton; 

A. D. C. to Commandino; General, lS4tli Brigade, 92nd Div., A. E. 

F. ; A. D. C, Division Hdqrs., Asst. G. 3. 2Stii Div., A. E. F. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Meuse-Argonne, St. Die Sector; N^'oevre. 
Grade or Rank at Di.scharge: Captain of Field Artillery. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: June 2, 1017, to Jan. 24, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Ambulance Field Service, Ron al Air Force. 

Battles, Engagements: Champagne, Argonne, Monastir, Serbia. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lieutenant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Decorations and Citations: American Field Service Medal. 

Prior Military Service: Plattsburg. 


In Federal Service from: April 3, 191S, to Feb. 2(i, 1919. 

Branch of Service: V. S. Marine Corps. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Silver. 

Prior Military- Ser\ice: American Ambulance Service, France. 


In Federal Ser\ice from: March 27, 1917, to March 27, 1919. 

Branch of Service: .S/th Inf. Brigade Hd<|rs., 29th Division, 113th Inf. 

Battles, Engagements: Center Sector, Haute Alsace-Mcuse-Argoune Offensive. 

Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 C^ild. 

Prior Military Ser^ice: Mexican Border, Co. F, 5th Inf. 



In Federal Service from: June, 1917, to July 2S, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 113th Infantry-. 

Battles, Engagements: Alsace, Meuse-Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lieutenant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 (fold. 

Prior Military Service: 22nd Engineers, N. Y. N. G. 


In Federal Service from: July 16, 1918, to Nov. 2Q, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Officers' Training Schools. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Candidate Officer. 


In Federal Seri ice from: May 28, 1919, to Sept. 27, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Military Postal Express Service. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 



In Federal Service from: July 26, 1917, to Sept. 7, 1919. 
Branch of Service: S. O. S., Ist Company, IId<|rs. Bat. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: July 2, 1918, to Jan. 31, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Ordnance Dept., Explosive Section, Productive Division, 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 
Previous Military Service: Plattsburg, 1916. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 6, 1917, to May 23, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Medical Corps, Base Hosp. No. 90, General Hosp. No. 31. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 4 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 2, 1917, to May 9, 1919. 
Branch of Service: ISth Ry. Engineers, France. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: June 27, 1917, to Jan. 22, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Naval x\viatlon — Various Naval Air Stations in U. S. 

and France. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Ensign. 


In Federal Service from: April 16, 1918, to April 11, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Tank Corps— Co. A, 328th Bn. (1st Brig.), Light Tanks. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: May 1, 1918, to May 3, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Naval Aviation. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Ensign. 


In Federal Service from: July 20, 1917, to June 3, 1919. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Naval Militia, Armed Guard. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Class Seaman, FT. S. N. R. F. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 



In Federal Service from: Sept. 30, 1918, to Dec. 31, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Tank Corps— Co. C, 305th Bn. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: May 28, 1918, to Dec. 17, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Co. I, 1st Tr. Bn., 153rd Depot Brigade. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 10, 1918, to Dec. 10, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Princeton S. A. T. C. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 



Military and Na^-al Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Nov., 1917, to May 30, l^tlO. 
Branch of Service: 104tli Engineers, JOth Division. 
Battles, Engagements: Haute Alsace, Argonne-Meuse. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 C^iold. 

BETTS, W. R., Jr. 



In Federal Service from: June 5, 1917, to April 12, I'^IO. 

Branch of Service: Medical Corps as Interpreter, 29th Division, 104th San- 
itary Train, llOth Ambulance Co. 
Battles, Engagements: AIsace-Argonne, ^^erdun. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: I'ri^ate, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Che\'i"ons: Ciold. 



In Federal Service from: April 1, 1917, to June 3, 1020. 

Branch of Ser^-ice: 17th Ca\alry, I'roop C, 3rtl Cavalry, Troop H. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.; Adwanceci \A'ar Areas. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Trooper. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold, 4 Silver. 

Previous Militar) Ser\ice: Mexican Border, Co. F, ."^th N. J. 



In Federal Service from: Sept. 3, 1917. to May 8, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 3Uith Field Artillery. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold, 


In Federal Service from: April 1, 191S, to Ma\ IS, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 312th Ambulance Co., 303rd Sanitary Train, 78th Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel, Lime\' Sector, Argonne Dri\'e. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Plicate. 

Entitled to Che\rons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 30, 191S, to Dec. 9, 191S. 

Branch of Ser\ice: Officers' Training School. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: I'nassigned. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 10, I91S, to Dec. 10, 1918. 
Branch of Service: S. A. T. C, Princeton, N. J. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 19, 1918, to Feb. 1, 1019. 
Branch <if Service: Office of Chief Signal Officer of the Armv. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain, Signal Corps, V. S. A. 


In Federal Service from: Nov., 1917, to Jan., 1919. 

Branch of Service: Medical Corps, Student of Medicine at the College of 

Physicians and Surgeons. 
(ir;ule or Rank at J^ischarge: Pri\'ate. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 20, 1918, to Feb. 4, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 11th Supply Train, Co. B. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Prior Military Service: Co. F., 5th N. J. Inf. 


In Federal Service from: April 12, 1913, to Sept. 13, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 447th Depot Detachment, Engrs. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Che^•rons; 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 27, 1917, to Oct. 13, 1919. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Nav\'. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Seaman. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: June 25, 1918, to Feb. 21, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Naval Reserve. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Electrician 3 C. (R). 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 2, 1918, to May 31, 1919. 
Branch of Service- Quartermaster Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: May 15, 1917, to July 5, 1919. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Torpedoed on July 1, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Navy; various transports, and Destroyers "Dayton" and 

"Aaron Ward." 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Seaman (gun pointer). 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: July 3, 1918, to May 29, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Q. M. C, Salvage Co. at Camp Mills. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: May 31, 1917, to May 28, 1921. 

Branch of Service: Navy. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Class Petty Officer. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 17, 1917, to Oct. 16, 1920. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Naval Reserve Force. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: M. A., 3rd Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 8, 1918, to Dec. 21, 1918. 

Branch of Service: U. S. Naval Training Unit at Yale, New Haven, Conn. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Mach. Mate, 1st Class. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Silver. 

Prior Military Service: Plattsburg. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: July 11, 1917, to July 12, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 56th Infantry, 7th Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel, Prussel Ridge. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st C. Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 5, 1917, to May 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 309 Cavalry. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 4 Silver. 

Prior Military Service: Co. F, 5th N. J, Inf. 


In Federal Service from: June 12, 1917, to Feb. 24, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 369th Infantry (15th Inf.). 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Class Private. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Champaigne, Argonne Forest, Murhouse. 

Decorations, Citations: Croix de Guerre. 




In Federal Service from: July, 1917, to June, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 311th Field Artillery, 79th Div. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 



In Federal Service from: Aug. 29, 1918, to Jan. 13, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Infantry, Fourth Recruit Camp, Camp Greene. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Regimental Sergeant Major. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Silver. 

Prior Military Service: 23rd Infantry Regt. N. G. N. Y., and N. J. Militia 


In Federal Service from: May IS, 1917, to July 9, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Medical Det. 165th Inf. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Lorraine, St. Mihiel, Argonne Forest. 

Entitled to Chevrons for Wounds: Gassed March 4, 1918, at Lorraine. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 



In Federal Service from: May 22. 1918, to March 15, 1919. 
Branch of Service: V. S. Marine Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: June 1, 1918, to Dec. 7, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Naval Training Station at Pelham. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: P. C, Second Class. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: March 25, 1917, to Aug. 1, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 104th Engineers — 813th Pioneer Infantry. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. S, 1918, to March 12, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 22 O. G. Ordnance Dept. 

Grade or Ranlc at Discharge: Sergeant, 1st Class. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 

Prior Military Service: 15 years Co. F, 5th N. J. Inf. 


In Federal Service from: Oct., 1917, to December 23, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Ordnance Dept. Machine Gun Instructor. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Major. 
Prior Military Service: Essex Troop — Newark, New Jersey, Guard. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 21, 1917, to Aug. 1, 1919. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Naval Reserve Force. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Chief Petty Officer. 


In Federal Service from: June 26, 1916, to May 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Infantry, and Co. F, 104th Engineers. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Argonne Forest — North of Verdun, Haute Alsace. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Prior Military Service: Co. F, Sth N. J. 


In Federal Service from: April 23, 1917, to May 31, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 59th Co., 7th Reg., U. S. Marines. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Skirmishes with rebels in Haiti. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 26, 1918, to July 15, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 63rd Pioneer Inf. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 19, 1918, to Dec. 17, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Students Army Training Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: Sept., 1917, to June 7, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 3rd Naval District Hdqrs., and U. S. S. "Federal." 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Class Yeoman. 


In Federal Service from: March 26, 1917, to May 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Company F, 104th Engineers. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Center Sector Alsace, Meuse-Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Prior Military Service: Co. F, Sth N. J. Infantry. 

[ 439 ] 


Alilitary and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: May 30, 1917, to May 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. F, .Sth N. J. Inf. and Co. F, 104th Engineers. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Center Sector Alsace-Meuse, Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 5, 191S, to Feb. 5, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Navy, U. S. 8. "Philadelphia." 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Q. M., 2nd Class. 


In Federal Service from: May 5, 1918, to April 9, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Ordnance Dept. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: June 11, 1917, to June 2, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Co. F, 104th Eng., 29th Div. Hdqrs. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Mevise Argonne, N. E. Verdun. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 26, 191S, to Aug. 28, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 30Sth F. A., Sth Div., 76th F. A., 3rd Reg. Army. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel, Meuse Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Decorations, Citations: Conspicuous bravery under shell fire. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 22, 1917. to June 7, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. N. R. F. Fleet Supply Base, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Chief Yeoman. 

Entitled to Che\rons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: May 27, 1918, to May 23, 1919. 
Branch of Seivice: Quartermaster Corps. Utilities Detach. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 


In Federal Service from: March 30, 1917, to Feb. 13, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Merchant Marine and Transport Service. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Ensign. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: May 28, 1918, to April, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Army Nurse Corps, Metropolitan Hosp. Unit No. 48. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Nurse. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: May 1,^, 1917, to June 8, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Hq. 155th F. A. Brig.; 315th F. A. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Meuse-Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lieutenant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Prior Military Service: Squadron A. N. Y. Cav., Mexican Border. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Canadian Service from: Jan. 2, 1918, to Feb. 10, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Royal Flying Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lieutenant. 


In Federal Service from: May 6, 1918, to July 20, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 2nd Artillery Corps. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Aisne, Marne, Oise Aisne, St. Mihiel, Meuse- 

Entitled to Chevrons for Wounds: Mustard Gas. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 
Citations: 3. 


In Federal Service from: March 26, 1917, to May 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. F, 104th Engineers, 29th Div. 

Battles, Engagements: Haute Alsace, Argonne-Verdun, Meuse. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Class Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Decorations and Citations: Citation Argonne. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 13, 1917, to Dec. 13, 1918. 
Branch of Service: 333 Aero Squadron. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Class Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Blue. 


In Federal Service from: Jan. 26, 1915, to March 16, 1920. 

Branch of Service: 155 Mine Co. 135 Mine Co. U. S. S. Cable Ship "Joseph 

Henry," 15th Aero Squadron, 264th Aero Squadron. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 
Prior Military Service: Regular Army from Jan. 26, 1915, to March 16, 1920. 



In Federal Service from: June 14, 1917, to May 16, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 57th Inf. Brig. Hdqrs. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Center Sector Haute Alsace, Campaign North of 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 
Decorations and Citations: Division Citation 29th Division. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: June 6, 1918, to Jan. 30, 1919. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Marine Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: July 20, 1917, to May 2, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Base Hospital No. 8, A. E. F., France, B. H. No. 66, 

Red Cross No. 5, Mobile Hospital No. 10. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge- Nurse. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: May 28, 1918, to Dec. 1, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Central Officers Training School. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lieutenant. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 25, 1919, to Dec. 20, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Inf. 153 Depot Brigade. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Bugler. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 9, 1917, to Dec. 13, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Ordnance Dept. Small Arms Div. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Major. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 



In Federal Service from: Jan. 12, 1918, to Dec. 12, 1918. 

Branch of Service: U. S. S. M. A. Princeton, N. J.; Ellington Field, Houston, 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Cadet. 



In Federal Service from: April 1, 1918, to Feb. 22, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 309th Machine Gun Batt., 7Sth Division. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Arras, St. Mihiel, Argonne. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 

Entitled to Chevrons for Wounds: 1 Gold. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: May 10, 1917, to March 3, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 105th Field Artillery, 27th Division. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: February 25, 1918, to June 2, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 311 Amb. Co., 303 Sanitary Train, 78th Div. 
Battles, Engagements: Tunny Sector, St. Mihiel front, Meuse-Argonne 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 12, 1917, to May 24, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Q. M. C. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 20, 1917, to Sept. 29, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 303rd Engineers, 78th Div. and Special Officer on Sani- 
tation at Base No. 1. 
Battles, Engagements: St. Mihiel, Limey Sector. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: April S, 1918, to June 16, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Navy, U. S. Mine Force. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Fireman, 3rd Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. IS, 1917, to July 28, 1919. 

Branch of Service: M. T. C. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Cook. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct., 1918, to Dec. 1, 1918. 
Branch of Service: 41st Training Battery. 


In Federal Service from: Aug, 10, 1917, to Aug. 13, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 43rd Co. Sih Reg't Marines. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel-Champagne-Meuse-Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: April 2, 1917, to April 5, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Administrative Co. F. S. C. Co. 2nd Field Bn. S. C. 

1st Div. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sgt., 1st Class. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Soissons, St. Mihiel. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: March 30, 1918, to April 11, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 329th Batt'n Light Tank Corps; 302nd Batt'n Tank 

Corps; lS7th Depot Brigade. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Sept., 1917, to June 15, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 7th Infantry, 3rd Division. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Chateau-Thierry, Belleau Wood. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 26, 1918, to Dec. 10, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Student Army Training Corps, Co. G., Columbia Uni- 
versity Unit. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 5, 1917, to May 22, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 308th Field Artillery, 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel, Moselle, Argonne Forest, Grand 

Pre, Meuse. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 



Militra-y and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 13, 1917, to July 14, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Navy .'i^ iation, North Bombing Siiuailnm, Calais, France 

Grade or Rank at Oischarite: Machinist's Mate, 1st Class. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Cold. 


In Federal Service from: July 1, 1918, to Jan. 9, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Field Artillery Replacement Oepot. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Serf;eant F. A. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. .^, lOl.S, to J^ec, 1919. 
Branch of Service: EuKiniers. 
Grade or Rank at Dischar!j;e: Cook, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Che\ rons: Siher. 


In Federal Service from May l.S, 1917, to Sept. 11, U)19. 
Branch of Service: I'. S. S. "Oelaware;" U. S. S. "Mercury." 
Grade or Rank at Discharp;e: Fireman, 3nd Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 tiold. 


In Federal Ser\icc from: May 5, 191S, to Dec. 11, mi8. 
Branch of Service: I't, Co. 7 Battalion, 151st Depot Brigade. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: July 8, 1918, to June 17, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 31Sth Engineers, Oth Div. A. F.. F. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Mense-.'Vrgonne. 
(Srade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: July 21, 1917, to Mav ,11), 1919. 
Branch of Service: Co. F. 104th Engineers. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Alsace, Verdun, Argonne. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: May 18, 1918, to Dec. Z?, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Base Hospital No. 74, General Ilosp. No. 3.S. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: May 1, 1917, to March 20, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Na\y, C. S. S. "^'oii Steuben." 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Submarine Attack, July 5, 1918, off Coast of 

(Jrade or Rank at Discliarge: Itnsign. 
Entitled to Chcvrojis: 1 Gold. 

[ 444 ] 


Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Belgian Service from: August 1, 1914. 

Branch of Service: Inf.intry, Belgian Army, Machine Guns. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Antwerp-Yser (Belgium). All the battles of the 

Belgian Expeditionary Army in Africa since 1916. 
Grade or Rank: Machine Gun Warrant Officer. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Six silver chevrons given only for actual service in 

Decorations and Citations: African Star, African Medal, Victory Medal, 

Yser Medal, War Medal, fourragere of the colors of the order of the 

African star and fourragere of the colors of the Belgian War Cross. 


In Federal Service from: July 5, 1918, to July 23, 1919. 
Branch of Service: S40th Engineers. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 25, 1917, to May 10, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 304th Field Artillery, 77th Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Vesle, Aisne; Argonne; Argonne-Meuse. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. S, 1918, to Dec. 12, 191S. 
Branch of Service: Co. C. 3rd Engineers. Tr. Regt. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: April 12, 1917, to Jan. 20, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Receiving Ship at N. Y. as Coms'y Officer. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Lieutenant (pay corps). 
Prior Naval Service: Oct., 1902 to Feb., 1911. 



In Federal Service from: Sept. 19, 1917, to April 19, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Co. I. 7th Inf., 3rd Div. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Marne-St. Mihiel-Argonne. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 


In Federal Service from: July 1, 1918, to Sept. 24, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 311 Supply Co., Q. M. C. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 



In Federal Service from: Dec. 8, 1917, to July 3, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Ordnance Dept. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Ordnance Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 28, 1917, to May 21, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 30Sth Artillery, 78th Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel-Argonne-Grand Pre, Meuse, Moselle. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Inst. Sgt. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 



In Federal Service from: M.ay 13, 191S, to Jan. 22, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Machine Gun Group No. 1, Main Training Depot, Camp 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Band Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 
Prior Military Service: Co. F. 5th N. J. Inf. N. G. 



In Federal Service from: May 12, 1917, to April 8, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Army Nurse Corps, British Base Hosp. No. I; General 

U. S. Base Hosp." No. 2; U. S. Mobile Hospital No. 2. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Champagne-Marne ; Aisne-Marne; Oise-Aisne; 

St. Mihiel ; Meuse-Argonne. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: March, 1917, to April, 1919. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Na^-y. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Lt. Commander. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: March 28, 1917, to March 28, 1921. 

Branch of Service: Submarine Chaser, Mining Fleet, Transport Service; 

Logistic Data Board. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Ensign. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Cjold. 


In Federal Service from: June IS, 1918, to Dec. 20, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Naval Reserve. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Coxswain. 



In Federal Service from: April 21, 1917, to March 8, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Navv, U. S. S. "Bussum;" U. S. S. "Herbert L. Pratt •" 

S. P. 579 New York. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Quartermaster, 3rd Class. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 2, 1917, to Feb. 1, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Naval Reserve Flying Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Lieutenant S. G. 




Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: April 15, 1917, to April 3, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 2nd Field Artillery N. Y. N. G. ; in Federal Ser%'ice, 

June 9, 1917. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: 7 Battles, 19 Engagements, St. Mihiel-Meuse- 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: July 25, 1917, to May 16, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Headquarters S7th Infantry Brigade, 29th Division. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Center Sector — Haute Alsace-Meuse-Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Regimental Sergeant-Major. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service to Nov., 1918. 

Branch of Ser^'ice: Infantry. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: June 19, 1918, to Dec. 29, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Battery C and Headqrs. Co. 3rd Regiment F. A. R. D. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Silver. 

Prior Military Service: Private Battery Co. 10th Field Artillery, National 
Guard of Conn.; Yale R. O. T. C. April, 1917, to June, 1918. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 19, 1917, to Feb. 24, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Ordnance Dept. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Major. 

Prior Military Service: Squadron A, N. Y. N. G. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 22, 1917, to Sept. 26, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Aviation. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Aviation Student. 

Previous Military and Naval Service: April 6, 1917, to Aug. 3, 1917, Seaman. 
Sept. 25, 1917, to Oct. 22, 1917, American Field Service (Ambulance). 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 28, 1918, to Dec. 22, 1918. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Gas School C. W. S. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain C. W. S. U. S. A. 
Previous Military Service: Harvard R. O. T. C. 


In Federal Service from: May 7, 1917, to Jan. 27, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. Naval Reserve Force, Mine Sweeping Squadron. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Boatswain's Mate, 2nd Class. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: April 17, 1918. Inactive, April 9, 1919. Dis- 
charged: Sept. 15, 1921. 

Branch of Service: Navy Constabulary Corps. Superintending Construction, 
New York Office. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Lieutenant (senior grade). 

Prior Military Service: National Guard of District of Columbia. 


In Federal Service from: June 26, 1917, to Jul}" 25, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 41st Sanitary Squad, 29th Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Defence Center Sector — Haute Alsace, North of 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: June, 1917, to June 2, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 114th Ambulance Co., 29 Division. 

Battles, Engagem.ents, etc.: Center Sector — Haute Alsace, Campaign North of 

Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Previous Military Service: 5th N. J. N. G. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: May 22, 1917, to March 15, 1919. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Marines, 7th Regt. Marines. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Class Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


Branch of Service: 304th Engineers. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: April 29, 1917, to March 25, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Subchaser No. 201. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: CJunner's Mate, 2nd Class. 


In Federal Service from: June 29, 1917, to J\me, 1919. 

Branch of Service: llth U. S. Engineers. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Cambrai-Arras-Marne-St. Mihiel-Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: July 25, 1917, to May 16, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 57th Inf. Brig. Hdq., 29th Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Defence Center Sector— Haute Alsace, Campaign 

North of Verdun. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: March 5, 191S, to Dec. 15, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Medical Detachment, Base Hospital, Camp Upton. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 

[448 ] 


Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Oct., 1918, to Nov., 1918. 

Branch of Service: Coast .'Artillery, Bat. A. 31st Art. C. A. C. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 



In Federal Service from: May 17, 1917, to Sept. 26, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Battery B. 7th Field Artillery. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Montdidier-Noyai, Soissons. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 23, 1918, to Nov. 25, 1918. 
Branch of Service: F. A. C. O. T. S.— Field Artillery. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Candidate. 
Prior Military Service: Squadron A, N. G., N. Y. 


In Federal Service from: July 30, 1918, to Nov. 30, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Guard Co. No. 311 Q. M. C. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 


In Federal Service from : July 25, 1917, to May 12, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Medical Corps 165 Ambulance Co., 42 Div. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: \^'agoner. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: 9. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: .'\ug. 4, 1917, to April 1, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. B 105 M.achine Gun Battalion, 27 Division. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Hindenhurg Line, La Salle, Jone de Mer Ridge, 
Vierstrant Ridge, The Knoll, Guillemont Farm, Guennemont Farm, 
St. Maurice River, East Poperinghe Line, and Dickehusch. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant: 

Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 

Prior Militarv Service: Mexican Border Service July 12, 1916, to Dec. 28, 


In Federal Service from : Feb. 25, 1918, to May 20, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Battery B, 30Sth Field .'irtillery, 7Sth Division. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel and Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 1, 1918, to Dec. 10, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Artillery — Students Army Training Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Prior Militarv Service: R. O. T. C. Columbia U. 1917-18. 


[449 ] 


jNIilitiiry and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service f roin : Aug. 8, 1917, to May 28, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 40th Engineers, 305 Engrs. Office of Chief Engrs. G5, 

G. H. Q. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Defense of Toul Sector, Champagne, Marne 

Defensive, Marne-Aisne Offensi"\-e, Oise-Aisne Offensive, St. Mihiel 

Offensive, Meiise-Argonne Defense of \'esle Sector, Defense of St. 

Mihiel Sector. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 
Decorations and Citations: Citations, 2; one 26th Div., one G. H. Q. 


In Federal Service from: Jan. 11, 1918, to May 1, 1918. 
Branch of Service: 21st Co. Engineers, Fort Slocum. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: June 12, 1917, to Aug. 9, 1919. 
Branch of Service: I^. S. Navy. 

C5rade or Rank at Discharge: Chief Carpenter's Mate. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: July 26, 1917. to April 15, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Office of Chief of Ordnance. 
CJrade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: April 1, 1917, to Jan. 21, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Co. A, 106th Inf., 27th Div. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Camhrai, St. Quentin. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

l^rior Military Service: Co. A 23rd U. S. N. G. June 19, 1916, to Jan. 17, 
1917, Mexican Border. 


In Federal Service from: April 26, 1918, to Dec. 3, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Co. 3 Div. Bn., Camp Wheeler, Ga. (Infantry). 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Prii ate. 
Entitled to Chevrons: SiU-er. 


In Federal Service from: May 1, 1917, to Feb. 13, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Pelham Bav Training School; V. S. S "Indiana-" 

Pier 72, N. Y. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Yeo., 3rd Class. 

In Federal Service from: May 14, 1917, to Jan, 30, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 61st Company, Marine Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Prior Military Service: Plattsburg, Aug., 1916; 1st Officers' Training Camp, 

Fort Myer, "\'a., May to Aug., 1917. 

In Federal Service from: Sept. 4, 1918, to Dec. 16, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Assigned to Gas Mask Research Dept. as chemist in Gases. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

[ 450 ] 


Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Seivice from: Oct. 1, 1918, to Dec. 16, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Columbia University Naval Unit. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Apprentice Seaman. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 13, 1917, to July 25, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Ordnance — 2nd Corps, Artillery Park. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Champagne, Verdun-Argonne, Meuse. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: l>t Lieutenant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: July 23, 1917, to May 27, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Company D, 104th Engineers, 29th Division. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Center Sector, Haute Alsace, Argonne-Meuse, 

North of Verdun. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: June 20, 1916, to June 13, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Co. C, 114th U. S. Infantry. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Pri"\"ate. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: 1917 to Feb. 3, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 1st Lieut. Co. F, 5th N. J.; transferred to 114 Infantry; 

Appointed Captain as Aid to Assistant Secretary of War, 1918. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 
Prior Military Service: 4 Years Co. F, Sth N. J. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 15, 1917, to Dec. 31, 1920. 

Branch of Service: Staff of Commanding General 76th & 12th Dlvs. ; Com- 
mission on Training Camp Activities ; Education and Recreation 
Branch, War Plans Division, General Staff. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Major. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 4 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: June 24, 1918, to July 10, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. L. 21st Engineers. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Meuse, Argonne Offensive, Occupation Toul 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug., 1917, to July, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 102nd Field Hospital, 26th Uiv. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Engagements of 26th Div. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sgt., 1st Class. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 

Entitled to Chevrons for Wounds: Gassed. 

Prior Military Service: U. S. Navy, 1909-11. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 11, 1917, to July 5, 191'J. 

Branch of Service: Motor Transport Corps. Motor Truck Co. 40S; trans- 
ferred to Laboratory Service in Medical Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class (Sgt. in Transport Corps). 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Silver. 



In Federal Service from: May 11, 1918, to Dec. 17, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Co. C, 1st Battalion, 151st Depot Brigade. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 26, 1917, to Jan. 25, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 57th Artillery, C. A. C. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel-Meuse-Argonne Offensive. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 2, 1918; dieil Jan. 22, 1920, Avhile still an 
Apprentice Seaman, U. S. Navy. 

Branch of Seivice: Harvard Naval Unit. 

Grade or Rank: Apprentice Seaman. 

Prior Military Service: Three months' service -with Field Ser\ ice of Ameri- 
can Red Cross at Camp Merritt. 



In Federal Service from: Sept. 19, 1918, to Mav 26, 1910. 
Branch of Service: Headquarters Co., 308th F. A. 
Battles, Engagements, etc. : Five. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: July 1, 1918, to Jan. 23, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 4th Training Battalion, Signal Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 10, 1917, to March 14, 1919. 

Branch of Service: IT. S. Naval Reserve Force. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Electrician, 2nd Class (Radio). 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 21, 1918, (o April 26, 1918. 

Branch of Service: LT. S. Naval Deck School. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: F. M., 3rd Class. 


In Federal Ser\'ice from: April 1, 1918, to May 17, 1910. 

Branch of Service: 300th Field Artillery. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel-Argonne-Mense. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Wagoner. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 22, 1918, to Dec. 5, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Battery A, 31st Artillerv, C. A. C. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 21, 1917, to Dec. 12, 1917. 
Branch of Service: Depot Brigade, Infantry. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge; Private. 


In Federal Service from: May 28, 191S, to Aug. 23, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Postal Express. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: July 25, 1917, to May 16, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Hdqrs. Detach., 57th Inf. Brigade, 29th Div. U. S. Army. 

Battles, Engagements: Defense Center Sector, Haute Alsace, Argonne-Meuse 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: July 12, 1917, to March, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Overseas with Casual Co. 955. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Die, St. Mihiel, Argonne-Meuse. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 

Entitled to Chevrons for Wounds: Gassed. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: June 24, 1918, to Nov. 3, 1920. 

Branch of Service: I'. S. N. R. F. at Brooklyn Navy Yard, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Yeoman, 1st Class (Female). 

Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: May 13, 1918, to Dec. 11, 1918. 

Branch of Service: 3rd Co., M. G. O. T. S., Camp Hancock, Ga. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Battalion Sergeant Major. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 5, 1917, to May 14, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 165th Inf., 83rd Brig., 42nd Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Luneville, Baccaset, Champagne, Chateau- 
Thierry, Ourcq River, St. Mihiel, Army of Occupation. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 
Prior Military Service: Mexican Border, N. Y. N. G. 


In Federal Service from: Jan. 8, 1918, to July 23, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Army Nurse Corps; Base Hosp., Fort Sam Houston; 

Base Hosp., No. 86, Mesves, France ; Camp Hosp., No. 26, St. 

Aignan, France. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 

[ 45.3 ] 


Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Nov., 1917, to Aug. 15, 1919. 
Branch of Service: lS6th Aero Squadron. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge; 2nd Lieutenant (Pilot). 
Entitled to Chevrons; Gold. 


In Federal Service from: April IS, 191S, to .'\pril 4, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 303rd Field Artillery 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Regimental Sergeant Major. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 11, 1917, to NLarch 15, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Naval Aviation, Rocka^\a^• Air Station. 
tirade or Rank at Discharge: Machinist. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 2, 1918, to March 13, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Infantry and Personnel, Fldqrs. Co., Camp Dix, N. J- 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 


In Federal Service from: May 1, 191S, to Dec. 19, 1918. 

Branch of Service: V. S. Naval Res. Force Training Station, Newport, R. I. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Seaman, 2nd Class. 

GUDE, H. W. 

In Federal Service from: April 28, 1917, to Feh. 5, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Naval Auxiliary. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Ensign. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 8, 1917, to Feb. 19, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. Naval Reserve Force, U. S. S. "Vermont." 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Lieutenant (Junior Grade). 


In Federal Service from: June 1, 1917, to April 3, 1919. 

Branch of Service: American Field Section 66, 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Craonne Defensive, Aisne Defensive (Chemin 

des Dames), Meuse-Argonne Offensi\'e. 
Decorations and Citations: Croi.x de Guerre. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Ambulance Driver. 

In Federal Service from: May 15, 1917, to Aug. 15, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Q. M. C, Motor Supply Train 413. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne-Woevre, Army of 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant. 
Prior Military Service: One Year 10th Field Artillery, Conn. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: May 14, 1917, to Aug. 15, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 315th Field Artillery, 155th Brigade, 80th Division. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd lieutenant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Ciold. 

[ 454 ] 


Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 5, 1917, to Aug. 13, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Headquarters Detachment, 2nd Engineers. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporah 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Jan. IS, 1918, to Oct. 19, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. 8. N. F. S. Newport; Pelham Bay; City Park Barracks, 

Brooklyn; U. S. A. T. "Artemis." 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Seaman. 


In Federal Service from: May 15, 1917, to March \S, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Overseas as Captain, 314 Field Artillery; transferred to 

15th F. A. Brigade as Brig. Adjutant. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge; Major. 

Prior Military Service: Squadron A, N. Y. N. G. on Mexican Border. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 



In Federal Service from: May 23, 1917, to April 2, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. C, 107th Inf. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: East Poperinghe Line, Dickebusch Sec. Belgium, 
Hindenburg Line, La Salle River, Jone de Mer Ridge and St. Mau- 
rice Ri\'er. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Supply Sergeant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 15, 1917, to Jan., 19l9. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Army Radio Service. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge; 2nd Lieutenant. 




In Federal Service from; Sept. 10, 1917, to March 26, 1919. 

Branch of Service; 307th Infantry, 77th Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Oise-Aisne Offensive. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Battalion Sergeant Major. 

Entitled to Chevrons; 2 Gold. 



In Federal Service from; July 26, 1917, to Jan. 22, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 12th Balloon Co. Air Service. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.; St. Mihiel, Champagne, Argonne Forest. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 

Entitled to Chevrons; Gold. 


In Federal Service from; Oct. 24, 1918, to Dec. 14, 1918. 

Branch of Service; Miscellaneous section, Manf. Branch; Clothing and 

Equip. Div. Quartermaster General Office. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge- Captain. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: May 16, 1918, to Feb. 20, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 153rd Depot Brigade, Camp Dix. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lt. Inf. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: May 29, 1917, to June 4, 1919. 
Branch of Service: United States Naval Reserve Force. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Served aboard V. S. Submarine Chaser Xo. 92, 

in Atlantic, Mediterranean and Adriatic; 2nd Expcd. against 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Chief Machinist's Mate. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 26, 1917, to Feb. 24, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 369th Inf. (l.Sth Inf. of Ne^v York). 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Champagne, Marne, Meuse-Argonne Defensive. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Entitled to Chevrons for Wounds: Yes. 

Decorations and Citations: Second Highest Bravery Cord — Croix de Guerre. 


In Federal Service from: March 26, 1917, to June 2, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 116 Ambulance Co. 104 Sanitary Train. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 7, 1918, to Dec. 1, 1918. 
Branch of Service: 3rd Regt. U. S. N. R. F. Aviation. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Landsman. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. .S, 1916, to May 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. F 104th Engineers. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Defense of Center Sector Alsace, Argonne-Meuse, 

Campaign North of Verdun. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Sergeant. 

Prior Military Service: Oct. 9, 1911, to Feb. 6, 1916, Co. F, 5th N. J. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: March 25, 1917, to June 2, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 104th San. Tr. 114th Amb. Co. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Haute Alsace, St. Mihiel, ^'erdun. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 

Prior Militarv Service: Ser\ed on the Mexican Border for 6 Mos. «ith 5th 

N. J. N. G. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: March, 1918, to November, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Camp Hdqrs. Camp Dix, N. J., 47 Co. 153rd Depot Brig. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 

Prior Military Service: Company F, 5th N. J. N. G. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 29, 1917, to Dec. 26, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. Navy — Naval Overseas Transport Service. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Lieutenant, Senior Grade. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 2, 1918, to Jan. 14, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Pelham Bay Training School. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Class Petty Officer. 


In Federal Service from: July 2.S, 1918, to July 31, 1919. 
Branch of Service: U. S. N. R. F. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Stk. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: June 6, 1918, to Aug. 11, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Machine Gun Co., 11th Regiment, 5th Battalion, U. 

Marines, France. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. IS, 1917, to Feb. 11, 1920. 
Branch of Service: Infantry U. S. Army, 60th Inf., 4th Inf. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 
Entitled to Chevrons for Wounds: One. 


In Federal Service from: April 10, 1918, to May 30, 1919. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Marine Corps, 93 Co. Unattached. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Silver. 




In Federal Service from: April 5, 1918, to Aug. 4, 1919. 
Branch of Service: U. S. N. Experimental Sta. New London, etc. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Electrician, 1st Class. 


In Federal Service from: May 2, 1917, to Feb. 28, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Navy. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Signalman, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 2, 1918, to Dec. 14, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Washington and Lee S. A. T. C. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 




Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 13, 1917, to July S, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Field Hospital 34, 7th Sanitary Train, 7th Division. 

Battles, Skirmishes, etc: ( Meuse-Argonne) , Occupation Puvenelle Sector. 

Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Ciold. 


In Federal Service from: July 13, 1918, to Dec. 30, 1918. 
Branch of Ser\'ice: U. S. Marine Corps. Reser\'e Fl\ing Corps. 
Rank at Discharge: Gunner\" Sergeant. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 6, 1917, to April 1, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. Navy; Mine FoiTe. Atlantic Fleet, North Sea Mine 

Rank at Discharge: Ensign (R). 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Ser-\-ice from: Dec. 20, 1917, to June 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Assistant Naval Inspector of Ordnance, 4th Naval Dist. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Lieutenant, Senior Grade. 


In Federal Service from: April 1, 1918, to Sept. 12, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 30Sth Field Artillery, Batt. C. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 


In Federal Service from April 30, 1917, to Dec. 31, 1918. 

Branch of Service: United States Sub Chaser 240 (Attached to Canadian 

Navy, Halifax, N. S.). 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Quartermaster, 1st Class. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 5, 191S, to Jan. 1, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Infantry, Camp Upton. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: April 25, 1918, to April 26, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Navy, Stationed at N. V. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Coxswain. 


In Federal Service from: May, 1917, to July, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Troop Ships and Army Supply Service. 
Cirade or Rank at Discharge: Chief Boats^vain's Mate. 
Prior Military Service: National Guard, 1909 to 1912. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 5, 1917, to June 2, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Medical, 114 Field Hospital. 
(Jrade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 




Militra-y and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 25, 191S, to July 5, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Co. G, .34th Engineers. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from Sept. 19, 1917, to June 12, 1919. 

Branch of Service: .303 Eng. Train, 303 Engineers, 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Wagoner. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Prior Military Service: T'venty-one Months. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 11, 1918, to Nov. IS, 1918. 

Branch of Service: 1st Provisional Wing Air Service Depot, Garden City. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: June 21, 1917, to April 12, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 42 Sanitary Squad, 29th Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Center Sector, Haute Alsace, Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 


In Service from: Sept. 3, 1918, to Dec. 21, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Naval Unit, Stevens Institute, Hoboken. 


In Federal Service from: April 1, 191S, to Aug. 1, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 7th Engineers, Co. B, Sth Division. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel Offensive, Meuse-Argonne, Snint Die 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Pri%ate, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Che^•rons: 3 Gold. 



In Federal Service from: May 28, 1917, to April 25, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. A. Ambulance ivith French Army, S. S. U. 504. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Noyon Sector, Verdun Sector, Montdidier, Noyon 

Defensive, Compeigne Sector, Aisne-Marne Offensive; Ypres-I.ys 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Mechanic. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 4 Gold. 

Decorations and Citations: Croix de Guerre (Cited T\vice). 
Entitled to Wound Chevrons: One. 


In Federal Service from: May 28, 1918, to June 4, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Battery D, 311th Field Artillery, Batt. D. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. -S 1918, to Dec. 31, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Co. E, 4th Engineers. 


In Federal Service from: May 5, 1917, to Dec. 30, 1918. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Naval Reserve Force. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Ensign. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. S, 1917, to May 27, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. B, 116 U. S. Infantrj'. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Center Sector, Alsace; Mense-Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Prior Military SerA'ice: V. S. Revenue Cutter Ser\'ice. 


In Federal Service from: May 4, 1918. to Dec. 5, 1918. 
Branch of Service: 25th Co., 151 Depot Brigade, Infantry. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 22, 1018, to Dec. 8, 1918. 

Branch of Service: 6Sth Battery, 17th Center Anti-Aircraft Sector. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: March 2, 1918, to July 10, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Engineers Corps, Army Transport Service. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lieutenant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: July 29, 1918, to Aug. 11, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Military Intelligence Div.; Morale Branch — General Staff. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain — Major R. C. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 26, 1917, to April 3, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Navy, U. S. S. "Leviathan" — 10 voyages. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Petty Officer, 1st Class. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 12, 1917, to June 2, 1919. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Army, Ordnance. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 


In Federal Service from: July 13, 1917, to Aug. 16, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. Navy, U. S. N. A. S., Lough Foyle, Ireland; 

U. S. S. "Northern Pacllic." 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: F^lectrician, IC, Radio. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct, 4, 1918, to Dec. 3, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Officers' Training School, U. S. Gas School. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 3, 1918, to Jan. 24, 1Q19. 
Branch of Service: .'Mr Service, Detachment No. 2, N. Y. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 

[ 460 ] 


Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: April 17, 1917, to Dec. 11, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Air Service. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant (Flight Commander); Captain 
R. C. 


In Federal Service from: July 25, 1917, to 1919. 

Branch of Service: Hdqrs. 1st N. J. Inf. Brigade; Hdqrs. S7th Inf. Brigade, 

29th Div. ; Aviation Service, Camp Bo^vie. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: June 16, 1917, to April 24, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Field Ambulance with French Army; S. S. U. 591. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Oise, Aisne, Chemin des Dames. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 5, 1917, to April 10, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 104th Engineers, Co. F. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Wagoner. 

Entitled to Chevrons; Silver. 

Prior Military Service: Mexican Border Service Co. F, 5th N. J. Inf. 


In Federal Service from: March 25, 1917, to May 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. F (5th Inf. N. J. N. G.), 104th Engineers, 29th Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Defense Alsace — Center Sector; Argonne Forest; 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 
Prior Military Service: Co. D, 19th C S. Inf., Mexican Border, and Co. F, 

5th Inf. N. J. N. G. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 13, 1917, to July 18, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. Sub. Chaser 186 and U. S. S. "Indianapolis." 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Quartermaster, 1st Class. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 10, 1917, to April 28, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Various ships, and shore stations, and Lafayette Radio 

Station, France. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Chief Yeoman. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 17, 1917, to June 12, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 303rd Engineers, Company B. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.; Mcnse-Argonne. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Ma\- 1. 1917, to Dec. 11, 191S. 

Branch of Service; Coast Artillery 4th Co., Balboa, Fort Amador, Canal 

Zone, and Coast Artillery Training Center, Fort Monroe, \'a. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lieutenant, Coast Artillery. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Silver. 




In Federal Service from: June, 1916, to May 30, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Co. F, 104th Engineers, 29th Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Offensive Center Sector, Haute Alsace, Cham- 
pagne, Argonne Forest; Meuse River: Campaign North of ^'erdun. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Che^'roPs: 2 Cjold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct., 191S, to Dec, 191S. 
Branch of Service: Attached to General Staff, \'\'ashington. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 


In Canadian Service from.; Dec. 13, 1917, to March 1, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Royal Air Service, School of Special Flying. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge; 2nd Lieutenant, Flying Instructor. 
Prior Military Service: May 15, 1917, to Aug. 1, 1917, Officers' Training 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 5, 1918, to Dec. 5, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Field Artillery, Central Officers' Training School, Camp 

Zachary Taylor. 
Grade or R:mk at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from; Aug. ?, 1917, to May 14, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Medical 42nd Div. Rainbow, l(i5 Ambulance Co. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Champagne, Chateau-'l'hierry, St. Mihiel, Meuse- 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: \\'agoner. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: March 24, 1917, to Dec. 18, 191S. 

Branch of Ser^'ice: Na\'al A\ iation. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge; Lieutenant, T. G. 


In Federal Service from: July 9, 1917, to May, 191Q. 

Branch of Service: FIdiirs. 57th Infantry Brigade. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.; Defense Center Sector, Haute Alsace, Campaign 

North of Verdun. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Chevrons; Gold. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: March 26, 1917, to May 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. F, 104th Engineers, 29th Div. 

Battles, Engagemnt?, etc.: Center Sector, Alsace, Meuse, Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sgt., 1st Class. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Prior Military Service: Company F, 5th N. J. Inf. 







In Federal Service from: Sept. 5, 191S, to Dec. 30, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Co. B, Sth Engrs. Training Regiment, Camp Humphreys. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 


In Federal Service from: July 7. 1917, to Aug. 28, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Motor Truck Supply Train No. 402, Company 308. 

CJrade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 7, 1917, to May 20, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 30Sth Field Artillery, Bky. Co. 302. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 15, 1918, to Aug. 3, 1920. 
Branch of Service: First Army Corps — Hdqrs. Co. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Air Raids Only. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: May 11, 1917, to May, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 30Sth Inf. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.; Vesle, Alsne, Argonne-Meuse. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Major. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Prior Military Service: Plattsburg Camp. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 14, 1918, to Nov. 30, 1918. 

Branch of Service: 18th Co., 4th Bn., Central Officers' Training School, 

Camp Lee. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Graduated as eligible 2nd Lieutenant, Inf. 



In Federal Service from: Feb. 18, 1918, to Jan. 18, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Air Service Radio School, Columbia University, and 

Fort Sill. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Silver. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: April 20, 1917, to Dec. 10, 1918, 
Branch of Service: Navy. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Gunner's Mate, 2nd Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 



In Federal Service from: Aug. 30, 191S, to March 15, 1919, 
Branch of Service: Personnel Adjutant Detachinent, Hdqrs, Co. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 


In Federal Service from: April 7, 1917, to Aug. 2i>, 1019. 

Branch of Service: 16th Inf., 1st Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Amiens, Montdidier. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Wagoner. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Prior Military Service: I'avo enlistments. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. S, 1917, to April 3, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Air Service 2nd Construction B. L. Co., A. S. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lieutenant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Ciold. 


In Federal Service from: May 14, 1917, to Julv 31, 1919. 
Branch of Service: O. C. Q. M., H. S. O. S., A. E. F. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 
Entitled to Che\rons: 3 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 17, 1917, to June 17, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Fort Sheridan, Camp Upton, and Headquarters, Port 

Embarkation, N. Y. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant-Maior. 


In Federal Service from: May, 1917, to 191S. 

Branch of Service: Acting Adjutant General, 34th Artillery- Brig,, 29th Div. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Major. 

Prior Military Service: Graduate, Penna. Militarv College, 1887. School of 

Musketry, Fort Sill, 1917. School of Fire, Fort Sill, 1917, 1918. 

Troop A, N. Y. A'olunteers, Porto Rico, Spanish War. 5th N. J. 

Infantry, Mexican Border, 1917. 


In Federal Service from: May 15, 1917, to July 1, 1919. 

Branch of Ser\'ice: 12th Field Artillery, Coast Defense, 6Sth Reg. Coast Art. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Alsace. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 29, 1918, to April 10, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Detachment No. 2— Air Service Aircraft Production 

N. Y. City. 
Grrade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Silver. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from; April 30, 1917, to May 15, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 407th Telegraph Batt. Signal Corps and 1st Batt. Signal 

Reserve Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 
Prior Military Service: 3 Years National Guard, 22nd Engineers, N. Y. N. G. 


In Federal Service from: May 29, 1917, to .-Ipril 5, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Motor Transport Co. 460. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. S, 1915, to June 4, 1920. 

Branch of Service: 100th Co. C. A. C. — Motor Transport School, Fort Sam 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 
Prior Military Ser^ice: 4 years Sth N. J- National Guard. 


In Federal Service from: April 1, 1918, to June 4, 1920. 

Branch of Service: Co. D, 15th Battalion, U. S. G. M. A., Fort Niagara. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: First Sergeant. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 26, 1917, to Feb. 20, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Ordnance, Production Division. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Lieutenant Col. 


In Federal Service from: April 24, 1917, to July 29, 1919. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Navy, Mine Sweeping Division. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Engagement with German submarine. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Chief Petty Officer. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: May 4, 1917, to Dec. 5, 1918. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Navy. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Storekeeper, 3rd Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 16, 1917, to Dec. 31, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Ordnance Dept. — Motor Transport Corps, Camp Joseph 

E. Johnson. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Silver. 
Prior Military Service: N. Y. Guard Capt. Q. M. C. 8/15/17—11/15/17. 


In Federal Service from: April 19, 1917, to April 30, 1919. 
Branch of Service: U. S. S. "Maury" (Destroyer). 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Seaman. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 19, 1917, to May 14, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 30Sth Field Artillery, Battery C. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Toul, St. Mihicl, Suippes, Moselle, Meuse- 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: July, 1918, to April 2, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Co. I, 107th Inf., 27th Div. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Hindenburg Line. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 25, 1918, to Ma\- 29, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. G, 303 Am. Train, 153 Brigade, 78th Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel, Argonnc, Grand Pre, Suippes, Meuse. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Prior Military Service: Mexican Border. 




In Federal Service from: June 4, 1917, to Dec. 15, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Coast Artillery, Sandy Mook ; transferred to 67 Battery, 

17 Anti-Air Sector. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Supply Sergeant. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 14, 1917, to July 21, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. Navy Yard Brooklyn, Bay Ridge Barracks. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Chief Yeoman. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 26, 1918, to June 10, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 303 Supply Train, 78th Div. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 20, 1917, to July 13, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Motor Supply No. 1. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Champagne-Marne ; Marne-Aisne; St. Mihiel; 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: May 6, 1918, to May 5, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Supply Co., 303 F. A. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Wagoner. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 

Prior Military Ser^ice: 1 Year. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: June 30, 1917, to March IS, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Hdqrs. Co., 30Sth Inf. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Lorraine Sector, Chatea\i-Thierr}', Meuse-Argoiine. 

Decorations and Citations: Regimental. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Prior Military Service: 22nd Engineers. 


In Federal Service from: May 23, I91S, to March 17, 1019. 

Branch of Service: Motor Transport, Fire & Hose Triiclc No. 340— Motor 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: July 27, 1918, to April 11, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 317 R. & S. Co., Tank Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: June 4, 1917, to July 9, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. Navy; U. S. S. "Niagara," Con\()y Duly. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Shipfitter. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: May 3, 1918, to May 9, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Hdqrs. Co., 303rd Field Artillerj. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Toul Sector. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 



In Federal Service from: Sept. 18, 1917, to Aug. 23, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 308th F. A. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 16, 1918, to Feb. 20, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 1819 Squadron, .S07th Const. Sqdr., A\'iation Ccups. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 21, 1918, to Dec, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Battery A, 31 Artillery C. A. C. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: May 24, 1918, to March 11, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Stationed at Branch Hydrographers' Office, N. Y. City. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Storekeeper, 2nd Class. 


In Federal Service from: 1917 to 1919. 
Branch of Service: Army. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: May 31, 1918, to June 20, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Reclamation Co., Camp Dix. 


In Federal Service from : July 29, 191S, to Dec. 14, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Chemical Warfare Service, Manufacturing Poison Gas. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Class Private. 


In Federal Service from : June 23, 1918, to July 22, 1919. 

Branch of Service: E Co., 364th Inf.; Co. 2, Div. of Criminal Investigation. 

A. E. F. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 
Prior Military Service: Englewood Motor Cycle Battery. 



In Federal Service from: May 5, 1917, to Dec. 20, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Various Naval Stations and U. S. S. "Federal." 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Class Seaman, Signalman. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 8, 1917, to Jan. 13, 1919. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Submarine Chaser, No. 101. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Quartermaster, 1st Class. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: March 27, 1917. 

Branch of Service: Arm}- Transport Service, Quartermaster Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: .S Silver. 

Prior Military Service: 3 vears Troop K, 7th U. S. Cavalry, and 4 vears 
Co. F, 5th N. J. Inf. 



In Federal Service from: April 7, 1918, to Dec. 16, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Chemical Warfare Service, U. S. A. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 

MILLS, J. H. G., Jr. 

In Federal Service from: May 12, 1917, to Jan. 20, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 30Sth F. A., Battery C, and 139th F. A. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lieutenant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold. 

Prior Military Service: Federal Training Camp at Plattsburg, 1916. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 26, 1918, to Dec. IS, 1918. 

Branch of Service: 63rd Pioneer Infantrv. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 26, 1918, to Dec, 17, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Co. B, 5.S2nd Engineers. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: May 22, 1917, to May 6, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 11th U. S. Engineers. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Somme, Arras, Bethune, Marne, St. Mihiel, 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 
Decorations and Citations; 4 Regimental (2 British, 2 American). 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 2, 1917, to Jan. 11, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Armed Guard Service and U. S. S. "Kentucky." 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Seaman, Signalman. 

Decorations and Citations: One Citation from the Armed Guard Service. 



In Federal Service from: March 13, 1918, to May 10, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 13th Aero Squadron, 8th Balloon Co. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel, Argonne. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Jan. 15, 1918, to Sept. 3, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Medical Dept., Embarkation Hospital, Camp Stuart. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: April, 1917, to May 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 104th Engineers, Co. F. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Alsace, Meuse-Argonne, Argonne, North of 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Cook. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold, 2 Silver. 
Prior Military Service: Co. F, Sth N. J. Inf. N. G. Mexican Border. 


In Federal Service from: July 25, 1917, to June 10, 1919. 

Branch of Service: General Staff, Adjutant, S7th Infantry Brigade, 29th 
Div., A. E. F. ; Assistant Chief of Staff, G 2, 36th Div., A. E. F. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Sector Flaute Alsace, Meuse-Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Lieutenant Colonel. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Decorations and Citations: Victory Medal, 2 Battle Clasps. 

Prior Military Service: 7th N. Y. Inf., 1901 to 1907; 2nd Lieut,, Co. F, Sth 
N. J. Inf., 1908; 1st Lieut., Co. I, Sth N. J., 1912; Major Adjutant, 
1st N. J. Infantry Brigade, 1916; Service Mexican Border, 1916. 


In Federal Service from: Jan. 12, 1918, to Feb. 10, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Air Service. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lieutenant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


Ill Federal Service from: Feb. 25, 1918, to May 19, 1919. 
Branch of Service: .?08th Field Artillery, Battery A. 
Battles, Engap;ements, etc.: Toul Sector, St. Mihiel, Argonne. 
Entitled to Clic-srons: 2 Gold. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: Feb., 1918, to May 21, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 30Sth Field Artillery. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel, Argonne, Grand Pre, Pont Mousson, 

Suffeto, Moselle, Meuse. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Mechanic. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 
Prior Military Service: One \ear and three months. 


In Federal Service from: June 5, 1917, to March 17, 1921. 
Branch of Service: H Troop, 13th U. S. Cavalry, and Sth Division, Ammu- 
nition Train. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 




In Federal Service from: Oct. 1, 191S, to Dec. 22, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Infantry, Officers' Training School, New York University. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: July 24, 1917, to June 2, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 114th Field Flospital, 29th Division. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Prior Military Service: 1st Field Hospital Co. of N. J. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 21, 1917, to June 13, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Military Police, 4th Army Corps Hdqrs., Toul, and 78th 

Div., Semur, France. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.- St. Mihiel Offensive, Limey Sector, Meuse-Ar- 

gonne Offensive. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 
Prior Military Service: 1st U. S. Field Artillery, 1910 to 1913. 


In Federal Service from: July 2, 1917, to Jan. 4, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Ordnance Dept., Frankford Arsenal. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 5, 1917, to Dec. 27, 1918. 

Branch of Service: 308th Field Artillery, 3rd Regiment, F. A. R. D. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lieutenant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Sil\-er. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 1, 1918, to Dec. 12, 1918. 
Branch of Service: S. A. T. C, Princeton. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: Jul.y, 1918, to Nov., 1918. 

Branch of Service: Infantry, R. O. T. C, Plattshurg; O. T. C, Camp Lee. 
Prior Military Service: Graduate of Pennsylvania Military College; Platts- 
burg Camp, 1916 and 191S. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 18, 1918, to Dec, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Office of Utilities Officer, Camp Forrest. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: July 27, 1918, to May, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Med. Detach, of 129th Machine Gun Bn., 3Sth Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: ^'erdun Sector. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from; Sept. 3, 1917. 

Branch of Service: Field Artillery, Battery B, 15th Field Artillery. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Six. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st Class. 

Entitled to Chevrons; 3 Gold. 

Entitled to Chevrons for Wounds: One. 

Decorations and Citations: Croi.x de Guerre. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 21, 1917, to March 19, 1919. 
Branch of Service; 350th Field Artillery. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Marbache Sector. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 26, 1917, to March 18, 1^19. 
Branch of Service; 350th Field Artillery. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Raids on Eplj', Chemont, Bois De Fehaiit. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: June 4, 1918, to Jan. 8, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Navy (Regular) — U. S. S. "Niagara." 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Electrician, 3rd CI. 
Entitled to Che\rons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 2, 1918, to Dec. 2, 1918. 
Branch of Service: 32 Coast Artillery, Battery E. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: June 30, 1917, to April 17, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 104th Field Artillery. 

Battles, EngaKements, etc.: Champagne, Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Prior Military Service: 1st N. Y. Field Artillery, Mexican Border. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 8, 1917, to April 3, 1919. 

Branch of Service; United States Army Ambulance Service ivith French 

Army— S. S. V. 646; S. S. U. 513; S. S. U. 501. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant. , 

Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: May 13, 1918, to April 2S, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. F, 104th Infantry. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st CI. Pri\'ate. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 




In Federal Service from: June 24, 1918, to Dec. 24, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Q. M. C. — Fire Department, Camp Dix. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Prior Military Ser\'ice: Mexican Border, Co. F, 5th N. J. 


In Federal Service from: April 28, 1917, to Jan. 8, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Sub-Chaser 2^3 — 12 months at sea. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Quartermaster, 1st CI. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: April 30, 1917, to Feb. 7, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Nav}' — U. S. S. "Amphitrite." 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Gunner's Mate, 2 CI. 


In Federal Service from: June 7, 1918, to Feb. 20, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Naval Aviation. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd CI. Carp. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 18, 1917, to June 12, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 303rd Engineers. 

Engagements: St. Mihiel, Limey Sector, Meuse-.'\rgonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Wagoner. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 25, 1918, to Oct. 15, 1918. 
Branch of Service: 308th Field Artillery, Battery D. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: May 5, 1918, to July 7, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Artillery — Mobile Ord. Repair Shop, 4th Corps. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Meuse-Argonne Offensive. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st CI. Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 



In Federal Service from: Jan. 16, 1918, to Dec. 15, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Ordnance Dept. Supply Div. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 
Entitled to Che\'rons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: May 13, 1918, to Aug. 1, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Machine Gun Trng. Co. No. 10, M. G. T. C, H. D. G. 

83rd Div. 2nd Depot Brig.; Co. B, 322 M. G. B., Co. C, P. of W. E. 

No. 1 ; P. of W. E. No. 87. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 22, 1918, to Dec, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Second Coast Artillery Company, Fort Hancock. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 



In Federal Service from: Aug. 26, 1918, to Dec. 26, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Eng. Officers' Training School — Sapper Engineers — Sth 

Training Reg., Camp Humphreys. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 
Prior Military Service: N. G. State of N. Y., 1896— Spanish-American War, 

2nd Lieut., 2nd N. Y. Vols., 1898— N. J. Militia Reserve, Major of 

Englenood Battalion, 1918. 



In Federal Service from: May 26, 1917, to June 16, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Med. Dept. Sanitary Corps — Base Hospital 8 — Hg. Hosp. 

Center Savenay — A. E. F. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain, Sanitary Corps. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 
Prior Military Service: Plattsburg Camp, 1916. 


In Federal Service from: June 3, 1918, to April 31, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Q. M. C. Reclamation Co., Camp Merritt. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 2, 1918, to Dec. 15, 1918. 
Branch of Service: S,5th Co. 153 D. B. 14th B. N. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 



Military and Naval Sei-vice Records. 



In Federal Service from: iMay 9, 1918, to Dec. 27, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Navy — Apprentice Seaman, Matt 3-C. 
CJrade or Rank at Discharge: Matt 3-C. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Sept., 1918, to Jan., 1919. 
Branch of Service: Field Artillery. 
Grade or Ranl< at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: April 30, 1917, to Jan. 8, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Naval Tr. Sta., Pelham Bay Pk., Rec. Ship, Phil., Base 17, 

U. S. Naval Forces in Europe, Base Hospital No. 2, I3ase 17, U. S. S. 

"Texas," Rec. Ship, N. Y. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Machinist Mate, 1st Class. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 5, 1918, to Jan. 7, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Co. B, 2nd Engr. Trng. Regt. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: July 24, 1918, to Dec. 23, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Engineers, Camp A, A. Humphreys, Va. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Personnel Sgt. Major. 


In Federal Service from: April 7, 1918, to April 10, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Tank Corps— Co. C, 327 Battalion, Co. B, 302 Batt., 

Co. A, 330 Batt. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st CI. 
lintitled to Chevrons: Gold. 
Prior Military Service: 6 Mos. in French Ar]ny. 


In Federal Service from: April, 1918, to Aug. 4, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Tank Corps — 302nd Battalion. 
CJrade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Che\rons: Gold. 





In British Service from: Dec, 1917, to June 20, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Royal Flying Corps. 

(Trade or Rank at Discharge: Lieutenant. 

F^ntitled to Chevrons: 2 Blue (2 years). 

Prior Military Service: V. S. Naval Air Service. 



In Federal Service from: June 28, 1918, to Feb. 13, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. Navy — 1st Reg. 1st Co. — 11th Reg. 6th Co. — U. S. S. 

"Constellation;" S. P. 340; Torpedo Sta., Newport. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd El. 

[ 474 ] 


Military and Naval Service Records. 


111 Federal Service from: Sept. 12, 1918, to May 26, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. N. R. F. — Inspector of Powder Office, East Coast, 

N. Y. City. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Yeoman (F), 1st CI. 



In Federal Service from: Sept. IS, 1918, to Dec. 12, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Q. M. C. Supply Officer, 44Sth Reserve Labor Battalion. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lt. 

Prior Military Service: Florida State Guard. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 1, 1918, to Dec. 12, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Aviation. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Civilian Flying Instructor and Tester. 


In Federal Service from: April 26, 1917, to Feb. 14, 1919. 
.Branch of Service: U. S. Guards Infantry. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Sih er. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 24, 1916, to May 16, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 114th Inf. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Haute Alsace, Malbrouck Hill, Moleville Farm, 

Boise d'Armont, Grand Montague, Etraye Ridge, Bois Belleau. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Band Sergt. 

Decorations, Citations: Commendation C. O. 114th Inf. Hdc]. Co. 
Prior Military Service: Mexican Border, Co. F, Sth N. J. 


In Federal Service from: May 27, 1918, to Aug. 14, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Q. M. C. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from : May S, 1918, to Sept. 16, 1920. 
Branch of Service: Motor Truck Co. 488 — Wild Cat Division. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. ■ • 




In Federal Service from: Sept. 26, 1917, to April 26, 1919. 

Branch of Service: S. S. U. 626, U. S. Army Ambulance Service. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: ^'erdun, Lorraine, Montdidier-Noyon, Champagne, 

Argonne, Aisne, St. Mihiel, Aisne-Marne, Meuse-Argonne. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Mechanic. 

Decorations and Citations: Croix de Guerre, Citation Divisionale. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 
Prior Military Service: American Field Service with the French Army, 

S. S.'U. 2. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service irom: July 1, 1918, to Jan. 6, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 223rd Field Battalion, Signal Corps. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 

Prior Military Service: N. J. State Militia Reserve. 


In Federal Service from: May 25, 1918, to Dec. 31, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Judge Advocate General's Dept, detached, Jacksonville, 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Reg. Sgt. Major. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 
Prior Military Service: N. J. Militia Reserve. 


In Federal Service from: July 11, 1917, to Feb. 4, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. D, 1st N. J. Infantr>— Co. A, 113th U. S. Infantry. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Argonne, Alsace Sector. 

Prior Military Service: Mexican Border, Co. D, 18 Penna N. G. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 3, 1918. Still in Service at Last Report. 
Branch of Service: Na^'y — U. S. S. "Missouri" and "Arizona." 





In Federal Service from: June 21, 1917, to Jan. 11, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Infantry — Cook. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 5, 1918, to Sept. 16, 1918. 

Branch of Service: 7th Eng. Training Reg., Camp Humphrej', Va. 


In Federal Service from: May 14, 1917, to June 10, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 315th Field Artillery. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel (Corps Reserve) ; Meuse-Argonne 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Decorations and Citations; Victor) Medal, 2 battle clasps. 
Prior Military Service: Squadron A, Cav. N. G. N. Y. 


In Federal Service from: April 28, 1917, to Dec. 27, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Naval Training Station; Federal Rendezvous; Gunnery 
School; Naval Base No. 6; U. S. 3. "Amphitrite ;" Federal Ren- 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Gunner's Mate, 1st CI. 




Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: May, 191S. 

Branch of Service; Naval Training S., Ke\' West. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 3rd CI. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: July 20, 1917. to Oct. 22. 1919. 
Branch of Service: Marine Corps, 2nd Div. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: June 4, 1917, to Feb. 7, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Navy — V. S. S. "Pennsylvania." 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sea Signalman, 1st CI. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 



In Federal Service from: M.ay 21, 1917, to April 17, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. B, 11th U. S. Engineers, Detached; English-Frencli 

and American Armies. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Camhrai; Arras; .'\isne-Marne ; St. Mihicl. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal, 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 
Decorations and Citations: Regt. English and French. 



In Federal Service from: June 14, 1917, to May 16, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Headquarters Detachment S7th Inf. Brig., 29th Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Defense Center Sector, Haute .Msace; Argonne- 

Meuse Offensive; Campaign North of Verdun. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st CI. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 
Decorations and Citations: Division Citation for Work at Molleville Farm, 

Meuse, Oct. 21, 1918. 
Prior Military Service: Engleivood Motor Cycle Machine Gun Battery. 


In Federal Service from: May 18, 1917, to July 3, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. Army Ambulance. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st 01. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 

Prior Military Record: Mexican Border Service. 


In Federal Service from: March 2S, 1917, to June 2, 1918. 

Branch of Service: 104th San. Train, 114th Ambulance Co., 29th Div. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Prior Militarv Servite: Co. F, .^th N. J. N. G. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: June 20, 1917, to March 2, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Medical Dept. in4th San. Train, 29th Div. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Major, Director of Ambulance Co's. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 

Prior Military Service: 7 Years State Militia Staff and Corps Dept. N. J.; 
Mexican Border, 1916. 


In Federal Service from: April 24, 1914, to July 9, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. C. Slst Pioneer Inf. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel, Woevre, Meuse and Moselle, Army of 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 


In Service from: March 26, 1917, to June 2, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Engineer and Medical; 114th Amb. Co. 104th San. Train. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Center Alsace, Meuse-Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge' Corporal. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Prior Military Service: Mexican Border. 


In Federal Service from: May 9, 1918, to June 6, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Quartermaster Dept., Utilities Detachment. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge; Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 



In Federal Service from: June 5, 1917, to Mav 30, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Co. F, 104th Engineers, 29 Div. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 1, 1918, to Dec. 10, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Princeton S. A. T. C. ; Infantry. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from Aug. 4, 1917, to June 3, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. I,, 114th Inf. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.; Haute Alsace, Meuse-Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st CI. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Prior Military Service: Co. F, 5th N. J. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 19, 1917, to May 25, 1919. 
Branch of Service; 303 Engineers, Co. A. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.; St. Mihiel. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge; Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons; 2 Gold. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 11, 1916, to 1919. 

Branch of Service: 15th Inf. N. Y. N. G. ; 369 U. S. Infantry Medical Pept. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: xA.rgonne, German Defensive; Champagne, Alsace- 

Decorations and Citations: Croix de Guerre; Distinguished Service Cross for 
aiding \vounded officers and men under shell and machine gun fire. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 19, 1918, to Dec. 19, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Students' Array Training Corps, Hampton, Va. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: May 6, 1918, to June 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. N. R. F. ; U. S. S. "New Mexico," U. S. S. "Mobile." 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Matt, 3rd CI. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 18, 1917, to March 1, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 829 Aero Squadron. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Toul Sector, L. of A. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge; 1st Lieut. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Prior Military Service: 4 Years Squadron C, N. Y. 



In Federal Service from: March 25, 1917, to Ma\- 30, 1Q19. 
Branch of Service: Co. F, 104th Engineers. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 25, 1918, to June 11, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 303 Supply Train. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Meuse-Argonne, St. Mihiel. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Prior Military Service: 2 Years Co. F, 5th N. J. N. G. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 5, 1918, to Dec. 15, 1918. 
Branch of Service: 606th Engineers, Co. F. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: June 1, 1918, to Dec. 16, 1920. 

Branch of Service: Navy, Cable Censor. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Yeoman (F), 2nd CI. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 14, 1918, to Dec. 10, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Students' Army Training Corps, Johns Hopkins Univ. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: July 18, 1918, to Dec. 12, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Infantry, Plattsburg Camp and S. A. T. C, Colby College. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

[479 ] 


Military and Naval Service Records. 



In Federal Service from: March 16, 191S, to July 31, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Navy. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Seaman. 


In Federal Service from: June 5, 1917, to May 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. F, I04th Engineers. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Defense Center Sector, Haute Alsace; Meuse- 

Argonne, North of Verdun. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Pri\ate. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 
Decorations and Citations: Regimental Citation. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 5, 191S, to Dec. 14, 191S. 
Branch of Service: Signal Corps, S. A. T. C. Yale University. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: June 4, 1918, to June 13, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 408 Motor Truck Co.; Detached Service, Post Exchange. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Che\^rons: 2 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Aug., 1917, to July, 1920. 

Branch of Service: 102 Aero Squadron— Fig. Air Service B. S. No. 3, A. E. F. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 


In British Service from: Nov., 1917, to March, 1919. 
Branch of Service: British Royal Flying Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Lieutenant. 


In Federal Service from: March, 191S, to June 6, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Quartermaster Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: July 1, 1918, to Oct. 18, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Naval Academ\-, Annapolis. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Midshipmaii. 


In Federal Service from: April 6, 1917, to Oct. 3, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Casual Dept., Camps Greenleaf, Lee and Merritt; U. S. 

Genl. FIosp. No. 1. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st CI. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 10, 1917, to Jan. 27, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Navy. 

Crrade or Rank at Discharge: Seaman, 2nd CI. 

[480 ] 


Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: June 29, 1917, to July 25, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Ambulance. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Wagoner. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: May 4, 1918, to Feb. 6, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Med. Supply Dept. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 28, 1917, to Feb. 10, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Co. M, 306 Inf., 77th Div. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Lorraine, Chateau-Thierry, Argonne. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st CI. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Entitled to Chevrons for wounds: 2; gassed slightly, Sept. 9, 1918; wounded 
severely Oct. 5, 1918. 


Grade or Rank at Discharge: Piivate. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 26, 1918, to Dec. 9, 1918. 
Branch of Service: 344 Handley-Page Aero Squadron. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from. Oct. 19, 1918, to Dec. 2, 1918. 

Branch of Service: U. S. Naval Aviation Detachment, Mass. Ins. of Tech. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Chief Quartermaster (A). 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 5, 1917, to Jan. 31, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Co. F, 104th Eng. 114th Amb. Co., 4th O. T. S., 1st 

Repl. Regt.— 6th Repl. Regt., Co. D, 45 Inf. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sgt. Instr. 


In Federal Service from: April 30, 1918, to May IS, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Q. M. Corps, Utilities Detachment, Camp Merritt. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 

Prior Military Service: U. S. Army, Co. B, 21st Inf. 


In Federal Service from: June 21, 1917, to April 24, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 102nd Supply Train, Fire and Truck and Hose Co. 324. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sgt., 1st CI. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: May 28, 1918, to Aug. 19, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Q. M. C, 304 Supply Co. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal, 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 19, 1917, to May 14, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 117 Ammunition Train, 42 Div. 

Battles, Engagements, etc: Baccarat; Champagne; Marne Defensive; Aisne- 

Marne Offensive; St. Mihiel ; Toul Sector; Meuse-Argonne; Army 

of Occupation. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st CI. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 5, 1918, to Dec. 30, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Q. M. C. — Guard and Fire. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, Ist CI. 




In Federal Service from: Aug, 5, 1917, to .'\pril 4, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 102 Supply Train, Co. C. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st CI. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Prior Military Service: N. Y. National Guard. 


In Federal Service from: June 1, 1917. 

Branch of Service: Marine Corps — V. S. S. "Ne\v Mexico." 

Grade or Rank at Dischaige: Sergeant. 


In Federal Service from: May 10, 1917, to Jan. 27, 1919. 

Branch of Service: U. S. Naval Reserve. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Pay Clerk. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 31, 1918, to Feb. 8, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Marine Corps~367th Co., Bat. H; Co. D, 10th Separate 

Rep. Bat.: lldq. Co., 14th Reg. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

In Federal Ser%ice from: July 7, 1916, to March 31, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 6th Div. Field Train, 27th Div. Hdqters. Troop— Battery 

E U)6th F. A. 
Battles, Engagements: St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne Offensive. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevions: Gold. 

In Federal Service from: Sept. 5, 191S, to Oct. 1, 1918. 
Branch of Ser\'ice: Engineers. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

In Federal Service from: March 26, 1917, to May 13, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Co. F, 104th Engineers, 29th Div. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Center Sector, Alsace, Meuse-Argonne. 
(5rade or Rank at Discharge: First Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 
Prior Military Service: Co. F, 5th N. J. Inf. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: June 24, 1918, to Dec. 13, 191S. 
Branch of Service: 31st Bat. U. S. G. Inf. 
Grade or Rank at Discliarge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: March 3, 1918, to June 17, 1920. 

Branch of Service: Navy; U. S. S. "Utah," "Wyoming," "Wainwright," 

"Mount Vernon," "America." 
Rank at Discharge: 1st Class Machinist's Mate. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Jan. 16, 1916, to Jan. 14, 1921. 

Branch of Service: Naval Transport "St. Paul," H. M. S. "Justicia," 

"Celtic," "Canopic," and "Cedric." 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Quartermaster. 


In Federal Service from: May 1, 1918, to June 13, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Medical Dept., Newport News. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 22, 1918, to Dec. 6, 191S. 
Branch of Service: Batteiy A, 31 Coast Artillery. 
Grade or Rank at l^ischarge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: March 29, 1918, to Nov. ZZ, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Signal Corps Radio School, C. C. N. Y.— 3rd Training 
Battalion, Ft. Leavenworth, Officers' Training School, Camp Meade. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 21, 1917, to March 11, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Battery C, 308 Field Artillery, 153 Depot Brigade, 334 

Field Artillery, Battery I. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 




In Federal Service from: Nov. 21, 1917, to March, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 350 Field Artillery. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st CI. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 
Entitled to Chevrons for Wounds: 1. 


In Federal Service from: April 8, 1917, to Oct. 31, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Chemical Warfare Service, Gas Defense Division, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Secretar). 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: July 23, 1918, to March 14, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Medical Corps — Base Hospital No. 8, Sarenay France, 

A. E. F. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Blue. 



In Federal Service from: Sept. 18, 1917, to July 28, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Medical — Hdq. Co. Hospital Centre, A. P. O. No. 731. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 




In Federal Service from: April 1, 1918, to May 28, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 303 Ammunition Train, Co. A; 78 Division. 

Battles, Engagements, etc. : 1 oul Sector, St. Mihiel Offensive, Meuse-Argonne 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 



In Federal Service from: Feb. 26, 1918, to Nov. 26, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 312 Ambulance Co. 303 Sanitary Train, 78 Division. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Two Engagements. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: May 13, 1918, to May 13, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Q. M. C. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: May 1, 1918, to May 22, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Utilities Detach. Q. M. C, Camp Merritt. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: June 15, 1918, to Feb., 1919. 
Branch of Service: Nurse. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 18, 1917, to May 24, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Battery C, 308 F. A.— 307 Ammunition Train, 157 F. A. 

Brig., S2 Division. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Chateau-Thierry, Marbache Sector, St. Mihiel, 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Chief Mechanic. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: June 17, 1918, to June 3, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Utilities Camp Q. M. C. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver, 


In Federal Service from: June 1, 1918, to Nov. 9, 1920. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Naval Reserve, Cable Censor. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Yeoman, 1st CI. (F). 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 15, 1918, to Nov. 27, 1918. 

Branch of Service: Engineer Officer's Training School, Camp Humphreys. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 16, 1917, to July 26, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Base Hospital, Camp Dix; Base Hospital 103, A. E. F. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Lieut. Col. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 1 Gold, 2 Silver. 


In Federal Service from: July 28, 1917, to May 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 104th Engineers. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Alsace, Meuse-Argonne, Verdun. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st CI. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Decorations and Citations: 2 Citations. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 6, 1917, to Jan. 2, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 2nd Co. Coast Defense Eastern N. Y. — 74th Artillery, 

A. E. F. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st CI. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: March 21, 1918, to Dec. 18, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Aide for Information 3rd Naval District. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Chief Boatsivain's Mate. 


In Federal Service from: March 14, 1918, to Jan. 23, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Navy — Federal Rendezvous, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Seaman, 2nd CI. 


In Federal Service from: May 28, 1918, to Jan. 31, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 153 Depot Brigade, 13th Bn., U. S. G., Adj't Gen. Dept. 

Hdqters. Governors Island. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Bn. Sgt. Major, A. G. O. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Oct., 1918, to Dec. 9, 191S. 

Branch of Service: Sth Co. 2nd Batt. Air Service Signal Corps. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 26, 1918, to Dec. 17, 1918. 
Branch of Service: 552 Service Bal., Camp Humphreys. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Pri^'ate. 


In Federal Service from: April 7, 1917, to April 1, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Navy. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Ensign. 


In Federal Service from; Dec. 12, 1917. to Jime 12, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Motor Transport Co. 3SS. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Sih'er. 



In Federal Service from: Aug. 27, 1918, to Jan. 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 154 Depot Brigade, 72nd Reg., Co. K, Camp Meade. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Cook. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 25, 1918, to May 16, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 308 Machine Gun Bn., Co. D, 78 Division. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel ; Limey Sector; Meuse-Argonne Offen- 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: PriA'ate. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 5, 1918, to July 12, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 152 Depot Brigade, Camp Upton. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 26, 1918, to Dec. 21, 1918. 
Branch of Service: U. S. Naval Unit, Yale Universit}'. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge; Apprentice Seaman. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 10, 1918, to Dec. 16, 191S. 
Branch of Service: S. A. T. C, Princeton Univ. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 



In Federal Service from: Sept. 18, 1917, to May 29, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 327 Infantry, 82 Division. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Toul Sector; Masbache Sector; St. Mihiel Offen- 

si\'e, Meuse-Argonne. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge' Private. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 19, 1917, to March 17, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Field Artillery; Base Hospital, Camp Dix. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 2, 1918, to Dec. 12, 1918. 
Branch of Service: lS3rd Depot Brigade, Camp Di.\. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 5, 1917, to May 16, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Hdq. Det. .S7 Inf. Brig. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 



In Federal Service from: April 19, 1917, to Nov. 26, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Medical — Army. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 5, 1917, to Sept. 2, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Judge Advocate Generals Dept., Hdqrs. Detachment, 
29 Div., July to Oct., 1917, Hdqrs. Detach., 2nd Div., Oct., 1917, to 
May, 1919. Special mission J. A. G. Dept., May to Sept., 1919. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Chateau-Thierry, Soissons, St. Mihiel, Cham- 
pagne, Meuse-Argonne and all engagements of 2nd Div. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Regtl. Sgt. Major. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 

Decorations and Citations: Croix de Guerre, Oct. 2 to 10, 1918, Mont Blanc 


In Federal Service from: Mav 6, 1918, to Dec. 12, 1918. 
Branch of Service: 33rd Field Artiilerx. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st CI. P^t. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 26, 1917, to May 28, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 303 Ammunition Train. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.; Metz, Argonne. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 20, 1918, to Dec. 4, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Coast Artiller>. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 



In Federal Service from: Sept. 3, 1918, to Sept. 9, 1918. 
Branch of Service: 1,^3 Depot— Inf. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 



Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: Feb. 25, 1918, to March 6, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Infantr}' — Aberdeen Proving Grounds. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Prior Military Service: Italian Arm)'. 



In Federal Service from: July 26, 1917, to Dec. 14, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Cavalry, Air Service. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lieutenant. 


In Federal Service from: April, 1917, to July 2S, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 6th U. S. Engineers; 56 U. S. Engineers. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: With Dubenoy; Rovvlinson. Last two weeks on 

American front. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sgt., First CI. 
Decorations and Citations: 2; Cross and Cord. 


In Service from: 1917 to July 12, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Ambulance Driver, S. S. U. 574, Par B. C. M. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Class Private. 

Decorations and Citations: 2. 


In Federal Service from: November 27, 1917, to April 4, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 59 Artillery C. A. C, Battery F. 
Battles, Engagements: 5 Engagements. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 
Decorations and Citations: 2 Citations. 



In Federal Service from: Sept. 8, 1917, to May 27, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 308th Field Artillery, Battery C. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel ; La Supple; Morsille; Meuse-Argonne; 

Grand Pre. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 



In Federal Service from; Nov. 20, 1917, to March 19, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 350 Field Artiller.v, Battery E. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Lorraine, Marbache. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 22, 1918, to Aug. 15, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Q. M. C, Domestic Operations Division. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Silver. 

[488 ] 


Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: June 20, 1918, to Dec. IS, 1918. 
Branch of Service: 304 Stevedore Regiment. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant of Engineers. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 31, 1918, to Dec. 30, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Infantry — 153rd Brigade, Camp Dix. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 9, 1918, to Jan. 15, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Navy. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Seaman, 2nd CI. 


In Federal Service from: Sept. 3, 1918, to Dec. 7, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Light Field Artillery, Camp Zachary Taylor. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 2, 1918, to Nov. 19, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Battery A, 31 Coast Artillery. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: June 11, 1918, to July 8, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Dental Corps~20th Engineers, Hdqrs. 2nd Army, Camp 

Flospital No. 27. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihlel, Meuse-Argonne. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Captain. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 24, 1918, to July 7, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Battery E, 35 Artillery, Coast Artillery Corps. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: June 30, 1917, to Oct. 14, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Naval Reserve Force. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sea, 2nd CI. 


In Federal Service from: Dec. 13, 1917, to Feb. 17, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Medical, Base Hospital, Camp Merntt. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st CI. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 17, 1918, to March 30, 1919. _ 
Branch of Service: 87th Aero Squadron, Park Field, Memphis, Tenn. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 




Military and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: July 17, 1918, to Oct. 31, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Navy. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Mess Attendant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Bine. 


In Federal Service from: June 6, 1917 to June 2, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Q. M. C, Construction Division of Army. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Colonel. 
Decorations and Citations: D. S. M. 


In Federal Service from: June 26, 191S, to Feb. 28, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Drill Instructor, 405th Companv, Batt. U; U. S. Marine 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 


In Federal Service from: March 6, 1918, to May 7, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 116th and 117th Field Signal Battalions. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: St. Mihiel, Mense-Argonne. 
Entitled to Chevrons: CJold. 


In Federal Service from: July 5, 1917, to June 2, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 114 Field Hospital, 104 Sanitary Train, 29 Division. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Defense Center Sector, Haute Alsace, Campaign 

North of Verdun. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private, 1st CI. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from; Sept. 19, 1917, to July 19, 1919. 
Branch of Service: 308 F. A., 502 Engineers. 
Entitled to Chevrons: CJold. 


In Federal Service from July 22, 1917, to June 30, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Medical Department: Hospital Unit F, Base Hospital 8, 

Mobile Hospital 10. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 3 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: July 20, 1917, to June 9, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Ambulance Co. 130, 108th Sanitary Train, 33rd Division. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Somme, ^'erdun, Meuse-Argonne, Chateau-Thierry. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Wagoner. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 7, 1917, to Jan. 28, 1918. 
Branch of Service: 56 Regt., Coast Artillery Corps. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Marne and Argotnie. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Pri\-ate. 
Entitled to Che\rons: Gold. 



Military and Naval Sei'vice Records. 


In Federal Service from: June 24, 1918, to June IS, 1918. 
Branch of Service: Ammunition Train, Co. C, 6th Division. 
Battles, Engagements, etc. : Meuse-Argonne. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Wagoner. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Giold. 


In Federal Service from; Oct. 30, 1917, to May 12, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Signal Corps, 8th Observation Squadron. 
Battles, Engagements, etc.: Battle of the Ourcq; St. Mihiel Offensive, Meuse- 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 


In Federal Service from: March 31, 1917, to Feb. 5, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Naval Reserve, various stations, and U. S. S. "Libert)'." 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Ensign. 


In Federal Service from: Aug. 27, 1917, to March 5, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Aviation, Bureau of Aircraft Production. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: 1st Lieutenant. 


In Federal Service from: Nov. 8, 1918, to April 10, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 882nd Aero Squadron. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Corporal. 

Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 

Prior Militarj' Service: 2nd N. J. Heavy F. A. 


In Federal Service from: June 5, 1918, to April 21, 1921. 
Branch of Service: Q. M. C, Utilities Division, Camp Merritt. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Sergeant. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Silver. 



In Federal Service from: Aug. 29, 1918, to Dec. 11, 1918 

Branch of Service: Field Artillery, Officers' Trammg School, Camp Taylor. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd Lieutenant, U. S. R. 

ZABRISKIE, ELMER , , , iqio 

In Federal Service from: May 23, 1917, to April 4, 1919. 
Branch of Service: Naval Base Hospital No. 1, A. E. K 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Chief Yeoman. 
Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 


Fn Federal Service from: March 25, 1917, to May 19, 1919. 

Branch of Service: 114th Infantry Band, 29 Division. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: 2nd CI. Musician. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Entitled to Chevrons for Wounds: 1 ; Mustard Gas, Oct. 13, 1918. 

Prior Military Service: Mexican Border. 



Alilitary and Naval Service Records. 


In Federal Service from: April 15, 191S, to May 22, 1919. 

Branch of Service: Mobile Operating Unit No. 1 Army. 

Battles, Engagements, etc.: Verdun, Meuse-Argonne. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 

Entitled to Chevrons: 2 Gold. 

Decorations and Citations; 1 Citation. 

Prior Military Service: Co. F, 5th Inf. N. J. 


In Federal Service from : 
Branch of Service: II. Q 
Battles, Engagements, etc 
North of "V^erdun. 
Grade or Rank at Discharge: Cook. 
Entitled to Chevrons: Gold. 

Aug. 5, 1917, to May 16, 1919. 
57th Inf. Brig. 
Defense Center Sector, Haute Alsace, Campaign 


In Federal Service from: Oct. 28, 1918, to Dec. 10, 1918. 

Branch of Service; Student Army Training Corps, Stevens Institute. 

Grade or Rank at Discharge: Private. 





[492 ] 



All asterisk d denotes a photograph. Churches and schools are under thoje heads. 

The alphabetical roster at the close of the book is not included in thi> index. 

A Hardy M., Jr., 143, "^ 170 

, , .^ , , .,- Helen \^'., lo,* 

Ackerman, Edward, 6,:' Hearv W., 57, SO," S-S, 100, 113, 122, 

Jacob _C,., llj, ^24. 125, 152, 154, 158, 194, 228, 232 

John, ..^ / 6 102 Henry W„ Jr., 332 

^ -• J?^i"' }}-■ ^- Martha B., 161, 314 

Peter, 161, 16/ __ Virginia, 124 

Adams Express Co., ,-■.- -g £ j ,3 

Adnance, H. E„ 30S, 412 jj ^y 4^; 

Aeroplane \'ie-vvs, 166,* 188* ypj,jj g 91 ^5 

'^'u ''''"l"*V,° , - , Sol Iv, 68^9 ' 

A bert, F. P.. LSt Barber, Constance M., 215 

A dons, G., 2nr- Herbert, 271,* 296 

Alexander, bidney, 192 i^I^.. Herbert, 314 

Allan, Robert, 129 Tames ^71 * ^"96 

Allison, \V. O., 82, 116, 161, 191, ^ 218, :^yj. Ralph! 90, 'l85 

332, 339, Preface St, George, 218 

Amend, Alexander, 261 X, P., 427 

American Legion, 326_ Barling, H, A., 122, 158, 178-9 

Anderson, Henrv T., 75 H*^ \ Jr 1'^ 1^7 

J. C, 174, '189, 194, 195,* 3il, 207, 212, Barr, Charles,"Trr60,: 65, 133, 139, 158, 173, 

216, 2,-2 249, 250, 277, 2S4. 384-5 

Mrs. J. C, 162 Barren, D. L., l+J, 158, 172, 178, 215, 253* 

Andre-sTs, E. W., 84 Bamow, B. P., 296, 299, 335 

Joseph, 214, 216, 221, 22br 229, 237, 245, Barton, E. R., 158, 185, 332 

263, 265, 311, 320, 394, 396-9, 401 Ethel, 294 

Angelus, Father, 310, 396, 398 Ba-eball, 56, 133, 134,* 272 

Annett, Robert, 363 _ Bates, C. ].. 190, 195,* 207, 221, 235, 263, 289, 

Armory-, 64, 116, 132, 38/ 3"lO, 32S 

Aron, H. G,, 274 Bayard, B., 6 

Arrow, Isabella, 168 Bavlis, Louise, 247 

Athenaeum, 102-3, 102,' 142 ' Robert, 48, 242 

Athenaeum Jr., 129^ - Robert X., 221, 231, 235, 237, 24.8-9 

Atwood, George, 138" Bear's, Darius NL, 65 

Automobile Club, 249, 254 Beattie, T. -A... 189, 196, 201, 202 

Automobiles, 182 Beckwith, Charles T„ 363 

Beggs, Matthew, 24.8 
Bell,""E, Y., 158, 168 

i> Percy, 138' 

Babb, G. F., '96 Benjamin, ^^'. H.. .84 

Backus, G., 299, 311, 362, 398 Benner, Charles, 3i4, 299 

Mrs G. 362 Bennett, E. E., 300, 394, 396-9, 40/, 423 

Baile'v,H.R,', 128, 134, 15,8, 196, 250. 284 Elizabeth. 16.8 

f G 320 398 Mrs. Fred S., 198, 3<i2. 308, 338, 342,* 

Bake,; Geo: d: ^17 ,356, 398^ 403 4U 418, 424 

Margaret, 339 William, 112, 122, 16/ 

Bakewcll, A. C. 192 Benson, J. G., 20 

Baldwin, D. A., 115, 121,* l-=4, 232 John, /4 _ 

Richard, 177- Johannes, .v 

William, 218 Berdan, M.. -1 

Bancker. Marv C. ."^6 Bergen, 4, 6 ,,.,_,.,^ 

Banks, Annie, 234" Bergen Building^ 19/, -/O 

Hardv. M. 57, 61-64, 63,* 105, 108, 122, Bergen County, /o 

124, 12-, 135, 137, 142, l-if'. 154. Bergen County Democrat, 119 

1-8-9 172 178, 264 Bergen County Gas Co., lOiJ, 19/ 



Bergcndahl, F. W., 193 

Best, Dionvsiu5, 241, 245,* 265, 282, 292 

Geo. B., 207, 250, 259, 277, 303 

Geo. B., Jr., 364, 364* 
Betts, Geo. W., Jr., 138,* 333 

Geo. W., Sr., 271,* 329 

Margaret, 234* 
Biedermann, Miss, 234* 
Bigelow, W. L., 152 
Birtwhistle, Henr3', 172 

Hezekiah, 168, 173, 174, 184, 189, 207, 
227, 250, 256, 259, 265-8, 267* 

Morrell, 309, 416, 416* 

Thomas C, 192, 265 
Blache, O. C, 261 
Blaikie, Cameron, 138,* 161,* 332 

Julia, 234* 

Lillian, 234* 

Rachel, 234* 

William, 121,* 136, 145, 227 
Blake, C. H., 124, 152, 153, 154, 158, 161, 171, 
177, 179, 197,* 202, 224, 235, 245, 252, 
277, 284, 302-3 

Mrs. C. H., 147,* 168, 178, 218, 302 

C. H., Jr., 289, 290, 297, 299-316, 301,* 

324, 336-7, 350, 359, 398, 404-5, 413-7, 
Blankenhorn, Barbara, 223 

D. E., 265,* 268, 277, 289, 290, 299, 331, 


Jacob F., 216 
Blauvelt, Abram, 244 

Cornelius D., 75 

David C, 65, 108 

David D., 78 

Joseph A., 65 
Bliss, Arthur H., 409 

Bertha, 234* 

Delos, 152, 157,* 178, 314, 330 

Ethel A., 198, 234* 

Laura, 143,* 234,* 330 

Susan, 143* 
Blizzard, 145 
Bljth, Allen, 234* 

Beatrice, 143,* 234* 

Bertram, 234* 
Boeheim, Eugene, 172, 174 

Frank, 172 
Bogert, Albert J., 108 

Andrew D., 45, 62, 96, 103, 112, 116, 147, 
162, 168, 172, 178, 207, 208,* 312 

C. A., 245, 398 

Daniel G. (the elder), 183,* 219 

Daniel G. (the younger), 183,* 265, 284, 
291, 332, 398-9 

Gilliam D., 183,* 207, 216, 235, 259, 314 

Huyler, 173-4, 179-80 

Jacob A., 114, 152, 339 

Jennie, 339 

John A., 183,* 339 

Peter, 75 

Peter, Jr., 75 

RacheC21, 22,* 339 
Boland, M., 205* 
Bollhardt, Marcus, 201 

Bonus, 333 

Boodv, Edgar, 417, 421 
Boorum, W. B., 398 
Booth, Alice, 234* 

Charles H., 89, 154, 226 

Edith, 234* 

F. H., 262 

H., 205* 

Henry M., 89, 96, 98,* 153-4, 156, 162 

J. M., 189, 202, 205* 

iVIary A., 89 

\Vm. A., 80,* 89, 272 

Wra. T., 89, 178, 272 
Booth's Pond, 36,* 55, 206* 
Bougaert, Guilliam, 45, 108 
Bont, J. E., 6 
Bowen, Agnes, 282 
Bowling Club, 205* 
Bov Scouts, 328, 360, 417-8 
Boyd, N. Z., 133 
Bovnton, C. H., 270, 280, 322 
Bradner, F. C, 223, 245, 272, 335 
Brann, Edward, 210 

H. A., 85 
Bridge Over Hudson, 136 
Bried, J. L., 304, 307 
Brinckerhoff, Cornelius, 25 

E. A., 116, 122, 142, 152-5, 158, 173, 189- 
206, 193,* 228, 265-7, 275,* 285-6 

Mrs. E. A., 117,* 117, 286, 339 

E. A., Jr., 138* 
Elizabeth, 234* 
Henry, 25 
Hetty, 25 
Janet, 241 
Margaret, 234* 

Brlnkerhoff, Frank, 411 

Henry D., 145, 151, 156 

Henry J., 167 

Homestead, 37* 

Jacob, 339 

R. R., 174, 222 
Brockie, E. S., 311, 332, 337, 397, 399-400, 402 
Bronck, Jonas, 14 
Brookside Cemetery, 329 
Brown, Francis John, 365, 365,* 418 

F. H., 409 

Frederick H,, Jr., 366, 367,* 418 

T. R., 326 

T. Roswell, 143* 
Browning, J. H., 154 
Brucker, Charles, 221, 227, 299, 337, 340 
Bruvn, C. D., 397 
Bryan, W. J., 178, 250 
Building Code, 267 
Building and Loan Association, 139, 141,* 

302, 322 
Bulkley, E. M., 308 

Harold K., 368, 368* 
Bull's Ferry, 14 
Burdett, Addie, 234* 

Annie, 143,* 234* 

C. B., 399 

Gilbert, 161,* 300, 314, 407, 408,* 409 

Laura, 234* 

Malvina, 143,* 234* 



Bui-dett, Wm. A., 140, 232, 314, 342,* 342 

Mrs. Wm. A., 312 
Burger, V. J., 399 
Burns, John J., 386 
Burr, Amelia J., 339, 356, 418-20, 427 
Burritt, G. H., 178 
Burtis, Christine, 234* 

Morse, Sr., 224 

Morse, Jr., 417 

Cady, T- C, 97, 152 

Camp Merritt, 309, 326, 338, 353-5 

Campbell, C, 409 

David, 20 

Jane, 21 

Malcolm, 178, 427 

Mrs. Malcolm, 272, 398 

Samuel, 20-1 

S. S., 154, 307, 311, 394, 396 
Canal Company, 99 
Canfield, Fred,'234* 
Canning, 422 

Cantwell, Wm., 289, 303, 363, 398, 405 
Carman, G. W., 124 
Carmelite Fathers, 85, 282, 307, 308* 
Carteret, Sir G., 11 
Carteret, Philip, 11 
Case, Geo. B., 237, 300, 398, 405, 407 
Cass, Alexander, 75, 158, 204, 233 

WiUard, 170, 207, 227, 233, 235 
Castmore, Joseph A., 369, 369* 

J. J., 407 
Catholic Benevolent Legion, 262 
Catholic Club, 177, 262 
Caulkins, E. B., 215 
Census, 338 
Chamberlain, A. E., 142-3 

C. D., 173-4, 178-9 

G. W., 113, 143 
Chapin, Caroline, 234,* 425 

C. H. B., 403, 421, 423 

J. C, 261 
Chapman, Elizabeth, 67 

F. M., 70, 301, 341, 343,* 427 

Mrs. F. M., 427 

Lebbens, 70, 71,* 100, 105 

William, 67 
Charles II, 10 
Chater, Ellen, 273 

Henry, 273, 407, 409 

Melville, 273, 322 

Mrs. R. D., 273 
Cheever, G. B., 154 
Chester. Charles T., 82, 84, 122 

Mrs. Charles T., 84 

Mary R., 84 

William, 340 
CMlds, D. B., 115, 127* 

Theodore, 218 

Wm. A., 126, 127,* 211-12, 216, 231 

Mrs. Wm. A., 168, 211 
China Famine, 338 
Choral Club, 125 

Christie, Cornelius, 78 
Percy, 223 
Peter, 20 
Christopher, Wm., 216, 228, 273 
Church, Caroline H., 49 

M. H., 49 
Churches — 

African M. E., 272, 292* 

Calvary Mission, 127 

Catholic, 84-5, 85,* 116, 122, 282, 287,* 

307, 308* 
Christian Science, 211,* 211, 350 
Colored Presbyterian, 292* 
Episcopal, 82-84, 83,* 115, 122, 123,* 128, 

196, 203,* 211, 262, 266, 282, 353 
Galilee Methodist, 306 
Lutheran, 305,* 332 
Methodist, 67-68, 69, 289, 292, 295,* 332, 

Presbyterian, 48-50, 53,* 96-97, 99,* 117, 

162, 211, 262, 297, 307, 319, 332 
St. John's, Nordhoff, 140, 232, 303* 
Synagogue, 197, 282, 288* 
True Reformed, 115,* 117 
West Side Presbyterian, 127-28, 171,* 185, 
240, 249,* 262, 310, 320 
Churchill, W. T., 299 
Citizens' National Bank, 153, 213, 242, 276,* 

294, 303, 332, 393 
City Club, 237, 249, 261, 267, 280, 289, 300 
City Hall, -S5, 190, 228, 229,* 236, 319, 333, 

City Manager, 326 
Civic Association, 272 
Civic League, 198, 229 
Clark, Anna, 360, 396, 401-4 
Charles G., 152, 157,* 273 
Corinne, 272 
Dumont, 272 
F. B., 397 
H. B., 417 
LeRoy, 67, 427 
W. G., 227, 269, 291 
Clarke, E. W., 154, 158, 163* 
Mrs. E. W., 164 
S. G., 146 
Clausmever, Frank, 414, 417 
Clegg, Sarah, 154 
Clephane, Mrs. J. O., 168, 178 

Sadie, 398 
Closter, 19 
Coakley, J. J., 266 
Coardlev, Father, 84 
Cochran, Elizabeth, 234* 

R. E., 158, 319 
Coe, Alice S., 250, 416, 421-24 
Butler, 143* 

Edward P., 82, 152, 172, 174, 180, 218,312 
George S., Jr., 135, 174, 190, 194, 197,* 

George S., Sr., 90, 96, 102, 109,* 116, 179, 

James H., 144, 174, 294, 302 
Louis S., 133, 135, 231, 245-6, 251, 255,* 

324, 332 
Mrs. Louis S., 240 



Coe, Wm. M., 142,® 192, 198, 245, 265, 267, 
273, 282, 299, 320-1, 284-7, 387,* 
397-9, 403, 407 

Wm. P., 60,* 87, 91, 113, 133, 135, 288, 383 
Coffin, J. S., 277, 299, 324, 396 
Colby, Everett, 245 
Cole, Christine, 161 

Homestead, 8* 

Peter J., 25 

Sally, 25 

Samuel, 20 
College Dinner, 241, 331 
Committee of Correspondence, 17 
Communipaw, 6-7 
Comm.unity Club, 332 
Communitj- Garden, 421 
Company B, etc., see "Military Company" 
Congdon, H. L., 116, 314 

Mrs. H. L., 16S 
Conklin, E. H., 154 

George, 134-' 

Thomas, l77* 

Walter, 172, 178 

William, 239, 246, 251-2, 254, 259, 265, 
267-74, 269,* 273, 277, 2i<2, 289, 311, 
333, 396, 398 
Conyers, E, B., 116, 154, 171, 180, 202,228,232 
Cooke, Tames A., 178 

James P., 175,* 178, 184-5, 189, 202, 216, 
226-7, 231, 235, 248 

R. K., 84, 95, 122 
Cooley, Agnes, 294 
Cooper, Henry, 104,* 158, 247 

John W., 178 

Joseph, 172, ISO 

Tennis, 20-1 
Coppell, Arthur, 142* 
Corliss, Florence, 143,* 170 

W. P., 271,* 332 
Cornelius, A., Tr., 245 
Corn-ivallis, 19" 
Corrigan, Bishop, 122 
Corrigan, D., 84 
Cory, Dayid, 155 

Dayid M., 341, 343* 

Mrs. Dayid U., 185 

Robt. II., 396, 400 

Uzal, 90, 94* 
Costello, Christie, 173 

John M., 370, 370* 
Council, Salary, 306 
Co\yan, Judge, 67 

Coxe, H. M., 178, 185, 192, 198, 384-6, 407 
Coyte, C, 134* 

P. G., 87, 160, 174, 383 
Craig, J. W., 162 
Crane, H. M., 138* 

J. H., 124 
Crater, Georgia B., 169 
Crowe, Ed^vard Errol, 371, 371* 
Crowell, Miss, 154 
Crum, Theophilus, Sr., 199,* 314 
Cuming, Mrs. R., 398-9 

T. B., 141, 240, 261, 330, 331* 
Curfew, 285, 309 

Curran, G. M., 270, 417 

Henry, 161* 

J. E., 140 

Mrs. T. E., 185 
Currie, V'. A., 115-6, 120, 122, 124, 131, 145, 
154, 160, 171, 173,* 173-89, 202, 207- 
21, 250-2, 259, 266, 275,* 384-5 
Curry, Thomas, 218, 320 
Curtis, L. E., 173-4, 177, 303 

Mrs. L. E., 178 


Daily, Toseph, 331, 335 
Daisy Fields, 164, 230, 243* 
Dally, J. W., 214 
Dana, W. B., 63,* 66, 116, 122 

Mrs. W. B., 66-7 
Daughters of the Revolution, 164, 168, 198 
Davies, W. C, 60,* 65, 127, 133, 139, 169, 216, 

251, 314 
Davis, A. C, 84 

Albert S., 322* 

Herbert C, 201, 212 

Robert, 262, 270, 289, 300, 319, 322, 328,* 
Davison, H. P., 218, ,336,* 342 

L. v., 241 
Dawes, Christine W., 248, 397-S, 401-2 

D. B., Preface 

James L., 90, 121 

Mrs. James L., 248 

L. C, 423 
Day, Sarah ]., 349, 351-64 
D'Aymard, A. R., 284 
DeCamp, J. R., 173, 314 
De Groot, John, 12 
De Korne, John, 398 
Demarest, Abram, 339 

Ahram G., (i5 

Andrew, 25, 52 

Clinton, 161* 

Cornelius T., 27, 35 

David, 18, 25, 27 

Francis W., 174 

Frank M., 172 

Henry P., 117 

Jacob, 25 

James, 25 

Jemima, 25 

Tohn, 25, 102 

Olive H., 415 

Ralph, 172, 174 

Ralph I., 79, 105 

Ralph S., 29 

Mrs. Richard, 339 

Samuel R., 29 

Samuel S., 75, 79, 105 

Thomas E., 75 

Thomas W., 26,* 27, 29, 34-5, 105, 117 
DeMott, G., 205* 

Henry, 36 

Henry J., 56, 122, 137, 139,* 242 

Jacob, 25, 74 

John J., 49 

Matthias, 12 



Depot Pai-k, 282, 2S9, 299, 324, 333 
Derby, Warren, 248, 259, 277, 291 
De Ronde, Ahram, 158, 170, 178, 180, 181,* 
184, 212, 241, 299, 324, 394, 396-7 
F. S., 167, 178, 185, 198, 384-6 
Hendrick, 108 

Philip. 320-1, 324, 337, 339* 
W. H., 178, 191,* 273 
Mrs. W. H., 339 
Des Marais, David, 108 
Deuel, J. W., 38, 47, 49,* 50, 56, 96 

Mrs. J. W., 204 
DeWitt, Edward, 221, 235, 245, 248, 251, 265, 
277, 289 
Mrs. Edward, 402 
Dev, Theunis, 33 
Dillingham, Alice, 234* 
E. C, 111,* 116, 330 
Edith, 234* 
Dillon, J. J., 372, 372* 
Ditman, Albert, 300 

Andrew J., 42, 132,* 132, 152, 332 
N. E., 161* 
Dock Company, 116 
Dominick, G. C, 161,* 234* 

M. W., 305, 320, 331 
Dotson, L., 331 ^^^ 

Dougherty, John, 185, 189, 194, 196, 201, 278 
Doughty, Elizabeth, 294 
Sally, 234* 
Stewart, 138* 
W. S., 80,* 90, 178, 210 
Mrs. W. S., 210, 314 
Douglas, Henry, 326 

Henry Phi:iip, 292, 292* 
Draft Board, 309, 413 
Drainage, 136, 202, 218, 221, 280 
Drake, A. E., 409, 411 
Drayton, A. I., 154, 273, 294, 311, 320, 33,-^, 

394, 396-7, 405 
Dryden, John, 246 
Du Bois, C. G., 427 .^ „ ^ 

Floyd R., 237, 249, 399, 417, Preface 
Dulce Domum, 62, 184, 242 
Dulles, Wm., Jr., 218, 236-7, 24o, 249-.-.0, 2d2, 

252, 256 
Duncan, F. S., 143,* 173, 330, 409 
Mabel, 143* 
Robert, 138,* 143* 
S. A., 133, 139, 153-4, 158, 159,* 170-1, 

Mrs. S. A., 128, 129,* 170, 330, 340 
Dunlap, J. R., 171 
Dunshee, D. K., 331 
Durie, John, 25 

Nicholas, 29 
Durvee, Augustus, 142* 
Gertrude, 198 
Jacob A., 90,* 91 
Mrs. Jacob A., 91 

R^:^'27a273, 291, 311, 31^20 326,* 
335-6, 394, 396, 399-400, 40o, 409 

Mrs. P. S., 402 
Dutch East India Co., 2-3 
Dutch West India Co., 3 

Dutton, Emily C, 198 

Geo. R., 113-16, 120, 131, 142, 155, 176, 
189-90, 195,* 220, 235, 249 
DN\ight, Eliza S., 4Q 

lames H., 47,* 47, 49, 56, 64, 89 

William B., 49-50, 210 
Dwi5ht Chapel, 127, 185, 240 
Dwight Post, 137, 264 

Eakin, Stuart, 218, 409, 427 
Earle, D. P., 409 
Edward, 12 
Richard, 117 
Robert, 12 
Early, J. E., 331 
East Jerse\", 73 
Eckerson, C. H.. 235, 269 
Edgewater Creche, 164 
Edsall, Samuel, 12-14 
Eells, James (first), 62 

(Second), 1.56, 162, 169, 185 
Eicks, Herman, 78 
Elections, Spring, 201 
Electric Light — see "Gas" 
Elliman, L. B., 261 
Elliott, George, 180 
Helen, 401 
J. H„ 84 
T. N., 372, 373* 
j. R., 1,54, 185 
Elmore, C. H., 332, 334* 

J. M., 152, 172 
Ely, Wm., 112, 114, 115, 120 
Emburj", Aymar, 247, 409 
Emmett, James, 409 

Joseph, 411 
Engleke, A. H., 334 
Engle, Andrew, 15, 38 
Engle Street, 310 
Englewood Baseball Club, 133 
Englewood Cliffs, 162, 167, 299, 319 
En^-iewood Club, 152, 230, 233,* 236, 304-s, 

Englewood Dock, 317* 
Englewood Hall, 55, .56,* 117 
Englewood House, 52-54, 55,* 177, 201, 207-8, 

Englewood, Name, 38 
Englewood Township, 106, 107-128* 
English Neighborhood, 9-22, 38 
English Neighborhood Road, 100 
Enos, E. T., 178 

Mrs. Frank, 224 
]7rie — see "Northern R.R." 
Ernst, Emil, 172 
Escher, J. W., 319 
Eyans, D. W., 91, 140 
Mrs. D. W., 164 
Mrs. D. W., Jr., 224 
S. S., 396-7, 399 
Everett, Wm., 138* 
Exemption Board, 309, 413 

[499 ] 


Fairview, 12 

Faulkner, G. J., 318,* 328, 331, 336, 340 

Feehan, Father, 122, 154, 262 

Fellowes, E. T., 171, 172, 176, 178, 180, 182, 

190, 211, 212, 217, 235 
Ferry, T- J., 267, 277, 289, 296 
Field Club, 140, 145,* 147, 162, 240, 258,* 

261, 270, 307, 332, 361, 425 
Fink, Tacob, .86 
Fire Alarm, 180 

Fire Company and Houses, 142, 148, 148,* 
182, 194, 207-9, 212, 213,* 218, 238, 
267-8, 274,* 277, 291, 305, 324,* 333 
Fisher, E. T., 237 

Margaret, 49 
Fitch, Porter, 246, 252, 254 
Fitschen, J. F., 92, 97, 106,* 152, 171 

Mrs. J. F., 92, 106* 
Fitzgerald, J. E., Maurice, 105 

Maurice, 105 
Fleet, W. H., 413 
Flichtner, G. F., 144, 153, 154, 197, 198, 230, 

231,* 232 
Flitner, S. E., 161* 
Floyd, Augustus, Preface 

William, 143* 
Foley, G. E., 299 
Folley, J. M., Preface 
Food Administration, 358 
Fooks, R. J., 394, 398-9 
Foote, A. E., 303 
Forsberg, Genevieve, 425 
Fort, 18-19 
Fort Lee Turnpike, 76 
Fort Washington, 18 
Forum, 302 
Foster, Amv, 234* 

E. Ho«-ard, 223, 265,* 272 

Edwin D., Ill* 
Fowler, J. A., 50 
Fox, Louise, 294 

Thomas L., 335 
Freudenthal, J., 146, 158 
Friedman, Harrv, 197 
Frost, C. W., 277-8, 299 
Fuel Administration, 309, 311 
Fuller, G. W., 284, 297, 300 

Gamhee, R. C, 250, 397, 399 

Gardner, Katherine, 360, 402-4, 412, 422, 424-6 

Garet, Gabriel, 373 

Garfield, President, 125 

Garrison, J. H., 235 

Gas and Electric Company, 100, 176-7, 190, 

221-2, 230 
Gatfield, Arthur, 216, 294, 296 
Gavit, T. P., 421 
Geer, Darius, 64 
Gerard, Miss, 49 
Germania Hotel, 241* 
Gerrish, Caroline M., 218 
Gever, Mrs. II. A., 401 

Gilbert, J. M., 170, 226 
Gilhulv, S. B., 185 

W. S., 289, 331, 333 
Gillard, A. H., 190, 207 
Girls' Patriotic League, 311, 322, 356, 424-5 
Glover, W. I., 294, 328, 333 
Gold, S. F., 100, 101,* 140, 185, 248 
Golf Club, 178, 179,* 236, 252, 281,* 285* 
Gorecki, F., 265, 273 

Gorham, E. B., 273, 283,* 294, 301, 302, 306, 
310, 319, 333, 335 

J. M., 284, 335 

R. A., 92,* 93, 112, 173, 174, 312 
Graham, CJeo. A,, 299, 358, 394, 396-7, 405 

Mrs. Geo. A., 398, 403 

J. W., 179 
Grand Avenue, 100, 310 
Gray, G. S., 49, 52, 67, 81 

W. G., 374 
Green, Ashbel, 100, 178 

David, 65, 67 

Hetty, 178 

Martha, 67 

W. W., 82, 158 
Greenberg, C. H., 318,* 328, 331, 336 
Greene, General, 18 
Gross, John, 396, 398 
Grosvenor, W. M., 157,* 158, 251 
Gruber, Edward, 134,* 205,* 241,* Preface 

J., 134* 
Guilbert & Betelle, 304 
Gulliver, W., and Mrs., 124 
Gulnac, J. M., 174, 216, 231, 255,* 264 
.Guthrie, R. W., 172 


Hackensack, 19 
Hackensack River, 12 
Hackensack Township, 73-79 
Hackensack Water Co., 136, 240 
Hackett, Mrs. T. A., 400 
Haff, LeRov B., SS,» 90, 152, 158 
Haight, G. L., 116, 122, 158, 170 
Hall, Daisy, 234* 

Mrs. G. D., 128 

Moses, 25 
Hallahan, T., 235, 249 
Hallidav, Harr.y, 192 

Reginald, 218, 417 
Hamilton, A. E., 374, 374* 

Dr. Samuel, 240 
Hammond, Dave, 116 

Fred, 124 
Hard, S. B., 204 

S. W., 138* 
Harding, W. G., 333 
Hardy, G. E., 283,* 305-6, 311, 320, 358, 393- 

401, 414 
Hating, Elizabeth, 339 

J. J., 154, 272 
Harriman, Mrs. E. H., 262 
Harris, James, 133, 137, 148, 151-2, 158 167 

172, 182, 222 
Hart, Isabella Deuel, Preface 

Jessie, 234* 



Hartshorne, E. C, 409 
Hasbrouck, Charles, 29 
Haslam, Mrs. 224 
Hawlev, Kent, 417 
Hawxwell, ]. ¥., 417 
Hayes, C. C., 294 
Hay«ard, C. B., 305, 332 
Hazel, C. D., 272 
Hazelton, Hugh, 335, 337 
Hazen, Allen, 218 
Helicon Hall, 162, 240 
Hendricks, J. L., 174 
Herbert, Lena, 164 
Herring, Thomas H., 29 
Hessians, 19 
Hewitt, E., 68 
Hickey, Thos. M., 296 
Timothy, 162, 248 
Hill, F. F., 75 

R. C, 394, 398 
Wm. M., 105 
History of Engle\vood, 336 
Hoadlev, David, 69,* 70-1, 96, 102 

Mrs. David, 71 
Hoboken, 6, 26 
Hoffman, A. C, 299, 396-400 

F. B., 154 
Hoffman, J. Ellis, 138* 
Holmes, Edwin, 272, 303, 415 

Mrs. Ed^vin, 412 
Homans, I. Smith, Sr., 46, 48 

I. Smith, Jr., 46, 56, 61, 62, 68, 100, 

Smith HI, 138* 

Sallie S., 49, 143* 

Sheppard, Sr., 46, 48, 49, 51,* 56, 

154, 158, 186 
Mrs. Sheppard, Sr., 128, 146, 147,* 

218, 264 
Sheppard, Jr., 138,* 143,* 337 
Home Gardens, 357 
Home Guard, 352, 409-11, 418 
Hooven, G. W., 340 
Hoover, Elerbert, 360 
Hopkins, A. A., Preface 
Hopkirk, Alfred, 249 
Hospital, 145, 154, 156, 159, 168, 178, 218, 
228,* 230, 238, 254, 262, 2/2, 
285, 298,* 310, 319, 322, 354 
Hostess Houses, 418 
Hover, L. F., 160, 312, 322* 
Howe, S. M;, 406,* 407, 409, 411 
Howell, J. F., 324, 396 
Howland, Francis, 56, 57-8, 67, 68, 170 
Hoxie, Mrs. 422 
Huckin, Charles, 180 

T. J., 160, 235, 259, 268, 269, 270, 
273, 277, 280,* 280, 284, 296, 
331, 337, 396 
Hudson Tunnel, 333 
Huff, E. N., 303, 310, 415 
Hu2;, John, 136 
Hughes, Wm., 226, 250 
Huizenga, L. S., 332 
Hulst, C. W.n26\, 277, 291 

Mrs. C. W., 331, 394, 396-8, 423 






Humphrey, Dudley, 270, 411 

Jeflfrev A., 4!3-9, 51,* 56, 61, 103, 112, 
196, 204 

Juliet M., 49 

Mai, 144 

Marcia, 427 
Hunter, G. W., 427 

R. J., 145 

Mrs. R. J., 128 
Hurd, O. M., 282, 301, 386-7, 391,* 399 
Hutchinson, G. S., 128, 158 
Huxham, S. S., 197 
Huyler, George, 75 
Hydrants, 137 


Imbrie, G. K., 427 

W. M., 306, 309* 
Improvement Society, 98, 124, 151, 153 
Incorporation, 156, 162, 167, 171-2, 182, 185, 

Infantile Paralysis, 303 
Influenza, 312, 360, 425 
Ingham, H. M., 300, 399, 407 

R. M., 291, 299, 310, 427 

Mrs. R. M., 400 
Interstate Park Commission, 284 
Isolation Hospital, 285 

Jackson, Andre\y, 23 

Constance, 234* 

Florence, 234* 

Henry, 165,* 339 

Henry C, 93, 207, 312 

Lucy, 234* 

Margaret, 234* 
Jacobus, M., 138,* 161* 

James, Fleming, 282, 289, 301, 308, 328,* 
398, 412 

Thomas L., 152 
Jameson, Colonel, 124, 135 
jamleson, Robert, 160, 173, 174, 175,* 189, 
216, 221, 250, 254, 266, 273, 294, 
306, 333 
Janes, E. C, 68 
Tansen, W., 7 
jefl^ery, O. W., 299, 312 
Jenkins, Mrs. McCJregor, 330 
Jersey Cit\', 7 
je^Yish Relief, 322 
Johnson, David A., 320 

H. L., 161* 

J. A. C, 220-1, 227, 231, 235, 256, 259-65, 
261,* 275,* 288 

Mrs. J. A. C, 224 

Tohn J., 289, 302, 414 

Mary, 223 

Nathan T., 48, 56-7, 61-2, 76, 95, 100, 
103, 108 

W. M., 186, 189 
Jones, C. G., 292 

Dana, 81 

Dwight A., 81, 140, 146,* 152-3 



Jones, Harriet Dana, 4Q 

Henry, 45,* 45-6, 96, 127, 147, 159, 243 

John E,, 49, 65 

IMrs. John E., 49, 6'-' 

J. W\man, 30,* 31-2, 37-8, 46, 48-9, ':'!, 
56, 61, 67, 68, 95, 122, 226 

Samuel A., 66 
Jordan, Archibald, 163* 

Conrad N., 210 
Junkin, C. I., 214, 224, 240 


Kahler, B. A., 307 
Karcher, Katherine C, 428 
Keeler, F. Y., 409 

Mrs. F. Y., 416 
Kellogg, Clara Louise, 103 

LuV, 164 
Kennedv, Percv P., 375, 375* 
Kennel Club, 224 
Kerr, C. D., 241, 328, 340, 341,* 409, 418, 428 

Sue H. C, 264, 322* 

Thomas B., 158, 185, 190, 194, 195,* 241. 
279, 294, 299, 332, 334, 396 
Kidder, ^y. M.. 215 

Mrs. W. M., 162, 350 
Kieft, Governor, 6 
Kilbourn, H. O., 428 
King, Anna, 84 

William, 64, 84, 100 
Kitchel, C. P., 283,* 294, 306, 311, 335, 39S 
Klink, Joseph, 207, 396 
Knickerbocker Realty Co., 421 
Knights of Columbus, 311, 352 
Knott, John, 67 

Sarah, 67 
Koster, E., 205,* 259, 277 
Kursteiner, August, }<2, 81, 125, 204 

Lachmund, Fred. K., 207 

Lamont, Hammond, 170, 250, 254, 255* 

T. W., 254, 322, 333, 336,* 342, 428 

Mrs. T. W., 333 
Landers, Chester, 192 
Langford, W. S., 84 
Lansing, J. B. W., 415 
Lawn Tennis Club, 124 
Lemmon, George, 138.* l.i.i 
Levinsohn, Joseph, 396, 398, 400 
Lewis, Henrv, 96 

Liberty Loans, 307, 311, 3.58, 393-7 
Liberty Pole, 17, 23. 169-170, 171,* 388 
Liberty Pole Tavern. 16,* 17, 19-22, 26, 76, 

Library, 152, 202, 224, 285, 290, 294* 
Licenses — see "Saloons" 
Lichtcnberg, H. M., 119, 155, 288 
Lindley, A. L., 399 
Lines, Bishop, 247 
Livingston, A., Jr., 394, 296 
Lock-up, 116 
Loder, Nicholas, 172 

Loomis, Chester, 109 

Mrs. Chester, 168, 184 
Lorentzen, Mrs. C. C, 401 
Loveland, J. W., 192, 300, 386, 418 
Lyceum, S2, 147, 152, 276,* 294 
Lydecker, Abraham, 297 

Cornelius, 35, 95, 116, 125-6, 172, 178 

Elizabeth, 34, 37 

Garret, 18, 25, 33 

Garret A., .«,* 34, 37. 100, 112, 116, 147 

Garret J., 35 

Gerrit, 32 

Homestead, 32,* 33-5, 37, 48 

James, 25, 226 

John, 25, 34,* 34, 37, 226 

Kate, 34 

Margaret, 35, 226 

Martha, 35 

Rachel D., 297 

Ralph D., 34, 178 

Rvck, 33-4 

Thos. \Vm., 34,* 34, 259, 277, Preface 
Lvell, J. H., 84 

J. \V., 63-4 
L\'man, Frances E., 164 

H. .'\., 90, 94,* 202 

Joseph, 96 

Stuart, 423 

Virginia, 234* 
Lyon, E. FL, 182, 249 

L W.. 24S 
Lyons, E., 134* 


Mabrey, F. D., 322* 

Macalister, Wm., 415 

Machine Gun Unit, 300, 301, 310, 348, » 

357,* 405, 406,* 408,* 418 
Mackav, Donald, 88, 122, 134, 142, 143, 
153, 154, 171, 174, 185, 192, 201 
224, 231, 235-56, 237,* 259, 265 
270, 274, 275,* 278, 284, 285, 38, 

Mrs. Donald, 89, 162, 238, 316 

Edith, 234* 

Jennie, 234* 

Malcolm, 218, 284, .340 
Mackav Hall, 180, 190^ 207 
Mackav Park, 239,* 240, 246, 257,* 268, 
Mackie, A. H., 384 

C. P., 254 
Mackin, C. H., 210 
Maga^v, Col., 18 
Magner, Robt., 113, 114, 142 
Mallalieu, W. B., 332 
Maloney, F. H., 277, 291 
Mandeville, Arthur, 214 
Manson, J. A., 254 
Map, 18, '305 
Marchant, Thos., 174 
Marcus, Arnold, 178 
Markham. James J., 250, 2^'^. 284, 335 

John, 177* 

Thomas, 278, 296, 305 
Martling, S., 29 
Masonic Hall, 103 




, 268, 

, 387 


[ 502 ] 


Mattison, J. M, 137, 199,* 294 

M. M., 216 
Mattlage, A. R., 172, 199,* 273 
Mattocks, F., 272 
May, C. H., 1S9, 2S2. 387, 393-4, 396-400, 409, 

McCall, L. H., 302 
McClo)', Samuel, 376, 376* 
McCormack, F. C, 320 
McCulloh, Isabella S., 49, 296 

Tames \V., 56, 104,* 104-5, 110, 122, 17S, 
184, 296 
McDannakl, W. S., 415 
McDonald, T. J., 231,* 232 
McGovern, \A'. D., 267 
McKenna, D. J„ 259, 277, 289, 297, 299, 305-6, 

310-42, 318,* 321,* 396-8, 405, 418 
McKenzie, M. A., 415 
McKinnex-, J. F., 394, 396 
McLean, Adam, 65 
McMichael House, 11* 
McMurtrie, W. E., 185 
McWhorter, J- E-, 415 
Meeker, Charles, 138* 
Megapolensis, 10 
Melcher, T- R-, 337, 396, 400, 423 

Mrs. T. R., 402 
Memorial House, 306, 309* 
Memorial, Soldiers', 319, 324, 337 
Meserole, C. V., 394, 396, 398-9, 428 
Messenger, J. S., 204 
Meyers, Cornelius, 65 
Middleton, Irving, 216, 245 
Military Company, 64, 87, 91, 160, 178, 185, 
■ 186, 198," 282, 300, 301, 309-10, 320, 
383-92, 384,* 389,* 392* 
Miller, G. L., 212-13, 252, 265 

John E., 82, 122, 142, 154, 173 
Joseph B., 26, 38, 112, 125, 191,* 248 
L. A., 141, 142* 
L. K., 51,* 58-59, 96, 100 
Mrs. L. K., 164, 169 
Margaret, 247 
Miller's Pond, 59* 
Mills, J. H. G., 184 

Mrs. J. H. G., 349, 397-8, 401 
Minuit, Peter, 3 
Mitchell, Hannah W., 322* 
Moore H. V. D., 168, 282, 326, 40, 387,* iS/, 
Mrs. H. V. D., 294, 350 
Moore, Samuel, 14 
Moore, Thomas, 18 
Morris, Le^vis, 14 

P. H., 127, 12S 
Morris, Richard, 14 

319, 320, 322, 337,* 342, 412, 423, 42<8 

Mrs. D. W., 322 
Morse, C. W., Jr., 172 

J. O., 68, 69,* 100 

Mrs. J. O., 68 

J. O.," Jr., 82 
Mortimer, Mrs. C, 128, 146 ^^ 

Motor Battery— see "Machine Gun 
Mount Carmel Cemetery, 122 

Mo-wrv, Amy, 143,* 234* 

l: D., 142* 

Mrs. L. D., 402 

Lulu, 143,* 234* 

Smith, 141, 142,* 143* 

W. S., 180 
Mundorf, G. H., 216 
Munn, H. D., 124 
Munroe, Alice C, 72 

Mrs. C. C, 128 

E. S., 72, 102-3 

Vernon, 138,* 261, 269, 273, 277-97, 279,' 
299, 307, 320, 322, 423, 428 
Murphy, A. E., 241 

Basil, 416, 416* 

Jerry, 141, 143* 

John G., 334 
Murray, Byron, Jr., 46, 48, 70, 91 
M^•er, H. C., 320 
Mvers, Alice S., 170 

Mrs. Gratz, 398, 420 


National Securit\- League, 301 
Near East Relief, 322, 324 
Neele^■, Thos. B., 292 
Neighborhood House, 198, 247, 425 
Nelden, A. J., 415 
Nellman, Netta, 234* 

W. L., 334 
New Amsterdam, 5, 9 
New Jersey, 4 

New Netherland Company, 3 
Nichols, Charles A., 49, 5i,» 58, 96 

Frank B., 67, 94* 

Mrs. Frank B., 67, 219 
Nicoll, Col., 10 
Nixon, Alida, 192 
Norman, Ann, 68 

Fred'k, 68 
Northern Railroad, 29-32, 41, 136, 239, 246 

First Train, 40* 

Inyitation to Opening, 42* 

Announcement, 43* 

First Station, 54* 

Second Station, 39* 

Time Table, 44*^ 

Engines and Engineers, 101-2 

Third Station, 147, 200* 

Strike, 332 

Gates, 180 

A'an Brunt Street Extension, 190 
Norton, S. S., 50 
Norwood House, 95 
Noyes, Ethel, 234* 


Oakev, M., 190, 214, 222 
O'Brien, Chris, 205* 

Donat G., 377, 377* 

Harriet, 398 

Thomas, 173, 174 
O'Connor, Daniel J. A., 378 

T. J., 210, 282 


Oo;den, Mrs. H. A., 162 

O'Hara, Edward, ISl,* 207, 212, 216, 226, 

235, 23S 
O'Neill, JanJes A., 3S4 

Michael, 268-269 
Olyphant, Elizabeth G., 428 

F. M., 201, 241, 260 

M., 409 

Ruth, 424 
Onderdonk, J., 289 
Orser, Aleck, 65 

Margaret, 105 
Outwater, John, 19 
Overpeck Canal Co., 98 
Overpeck Creek, 12 

Palisade Avenue, 118,* 227,* 266, 280, 284, 

Palisade House, 77, 101, 249 
Palisade Mountain House, 116 
Palisades, The, 182-4, 284 
Palisades Park, 144, 145 
Palisades Trust Co., 198, 212-13, 247, 251,* 

393, 424 
Palleske, T. E., 332 
Palmer, H. B., 332 
Josephine, 339 
Paramus, 19 

Park, Charles F., 137, 139,* 146, 174, 242 
Charles F., Jr., 261, 270, 394, 397, 399 
Mrs. Charles F., Jr., 420 
Elizabeth, 234* 
Katherine, 234* 
Park Place, 186, 194 
Parker, H. G., 65 
Parramore, S. S., 112, 122 
Parsons, C. E., 407 

J. H., 155 

L. M., 394, 396, 400, 409 

Mrs. Stanley, 34 
Patterson, Mrs. F. A., 262 
Paulison, J. R„ 75 
Paulus Hook, 5 
Paulusson, M., 5 
Panw, M., 5 
Pavonia, 5, 6 

Pavne, J. W., 84, 115, 122, 128, 140 
Payson, G. H., 139, 235, 256, 277, 396, 400 

Mrs. G. H., 262, 349, 401 

G. P., 168, 178, 238, 272 
Peabod\, C. T-. 178, 194, 212, 214 
Peck, Mrs., 234* 
Penfield, T. B., 398, 412 
People's Institute, 332 
Perrv, Samuel, 413 
Peters, Hugh, 417 

J. Hugh, 89, 94,* 158, 172, 248 

Louise, 143* 

Marv B., 89, 162, 198 
Phelps, F. W., 158, 173-4, 197 

T. J., 83, 133, 167 

Sheffield, 161, 167, 215 

W. W., 67, 85-7, 86,* 116, 122, 125, 135, 
140, 147, 162, 164-5, 282 

Mrs. \V. W., 85, 140 

Philleo, M'inifred, 422 

Phillips, Walter, 272, 303, 331, 359, 415 

Pierce, W. L., 235, 310, 340 

Mrs. W. L., 126, 310 
Pioneer Baseball Club, 133, 134* 
Pipers' Band, 359 
Pitkin, G. R., 415 

H. LeRoy, 234,* 318,* 333, 335-6, 411 
J. W., 132,* 132, 288 
Planck, A. I., 6 

Piatt, C. B., 116, 122, 146, 152, 154, 158, 159,* 
184-5, 219 
Mrs. C. B., 198, 218 

D. F., 138,* 155, 192, 198, 202, 207, 216, 
220-33, 223,* 235, 237, 254, 261, 265, 
274, 275,* 279, 291, 300, 302, 305, 
308-9, 311, 336-7, 396, 399, 412, 429 
Mrs. D. F., 164, 240, 294 
Sara F., 198, 215 
Plumle}', W. E., 125 
Poland, Edward, 97, 152 
Police Department, 177,* 180, 190, 217, 247, 

267, 278, 235, 290, 296, 320, 327* 
Police Dcgs, 300 
Police Justice, 116, 207, 217 
Police Station, 220* 
Pomeroy, D. E., 299, 300, 319, 322, 328, 333, 

■ 335, 337,* 342, 394, 396, 421, 429 
Pond, H. O., 138* 
Poorhouse, 306 
Post, J. J., 176 

R. C, 308, 310, 319, 324, 398, 400, 417 
Post Office, 176, 222, 302 
Potts, Clyde, 300 
Po^yers, Patrick, Preface 

Mrs. W. F., 358, 397, 399, 429 
Pratt, J. E., 415 

Mary H., 353, 413 
Robert, 31, 90 
Prentice, J. H., 250, 303 

Mrs. J. H., 339 
Press, The, 155, 270, 339 
Prindle, Miss, 67 

Probst, T. n., 158, 175,* 176, 184-5, 189, 204 
T. D., Jr.. 3S4-S 
W. M., 266, 273 
Proctor, T. W., 154, 163,* 184, 190, 272, 303, 

Prohibition, 333, 335 

Prosser, Harriet, 153. 215, 285, 299, 319, 335 
Mrs, Richard, 230 

Seivard, 138,* 141, 142,* 215, 245, 342, 
343,* 399, 429 
Protection Society, 104-5, 110, 116, 135-6, 158, 

Protective League, 352-3, 411-12 
Public Safety Committee, 405 
Pye, J, J., 217, 217,* 235, 277, 294, 305 

Quigley, S. J., 308, 310 
Quirk, P. J., 177* 




Rafferty, Timothy, 214, 231, 256,* 314 

Raglione, Rocco, 378, 378* 

Railroad — see "Northern Railroad" 

Ransom, Captain, 84 

Raque, Philip, 201 

Rathbone, R. C, 331, 429 

Record, Geo. L., 245 

Recorder — see "Police Justice" 

Red Cross, 301, 307-8, 311, 322, 349-50, 351,* 

360, 361,* 397-9, 401-3, 426* 
Reed, A. J., 310 

Frances C, 294, 338 
W. S., 423 
Reeve, W. D., 247 
Registration, 180 
Reid, Robert C, 334 

Russell B., 192, 198, 384, 386, 407, 429 
Reinmund, F. M., 429 
Herbert, 161* 
H. J., 158, 242 
Religious Activities Committee, 308 
Resnick, J., 197 
Richardson, C. A., 413, 415 
Ridgefield To^vnship, 12 
Rifle Association, 300, 352, 405 
Riker, Samuel M., 133, 139, 158, 171, 174 
Road Districts, 160 

Robbins, H. C, 230, 245,* 247, 270, 282 
Roberts, Emily B., 350 
Robinson, M. W., 224 

R. M., 261 
Rochester, Anna, 234* 

R. H., 154, 169, 171, 184 
Rockefeller, L., Ill,* 115, 288 
Rockwood, Richard B., 380, 380* 
Rolston, R. G., 326, 399, 407 
Roosevelt, T., 320 
Ross, John Lewis, 379, 379* 
Roulse, Matthias, 74 

Ruch, Emil, 134,* 141, 263, 265, 277, 278, 296, 
Jack, 386 , ,n , r 

Louis, 133, 180, 185, 264, 306, 384-5 
V Sr 264 

v" Ir" 21, 207, 223, 246, 264, 277, 294, 
' 303, 306, 335, 340 
Ruddock, J. E., 268 
Russell, Bertha G., 224 
Ryan, Peter, 177* 

Sabin, L, 197 
Sadler, G. B., 411 
Salembier, P. A., 305 
Saloons, 218, 229, 236, 260, 307 
Sanderson, Eugene, 79 

Hannah, 68 
Sandford, William^ 14, 328 
Sanger, Ed^vard, 355 
Saurman, Bertha M., 322* 
Sauzade, Katherine J., 117,* 182, 184, 262 
Sawmills, 55, 57,* 58* 

Sawtelle, Charles C, 60* 
Charles G., 71 
Cullen, 71, 72,* 84, 145, 304 
E. M., 71, 429 

Henrietta L„ 129,* 129, 146, 304 
Katherine L., 304 
Scarborough, R. H., 409 
Mrs. W. B., 49, 319 
W. B., 301 
Schenck, F. B., 288 
Schermerhorn, W., 277, 294, 310 
Scheyichbi, 4 
Schools — 
Athletic Field, 340 
Budgets, 177, 185, 190, 201, 218, 223, 241, 

250, 260, 268, 280, 305, 331 
Faculty, 322,* 325* 
Cleveland, 254, 263,* 263 
Franklin, 201, 207, 214, 226, 229, 241, 250* 
High, 223, 260, 296, 299, 323,* 329* 
High^Yood, 177, 201 
Liberty, 190, 194, 196, 201, 202, 207-9, 

214, 215,* 280, 286 
Lincoln, 96, 97,* 147, 177, 272, 280, 286, 

304, 306,* 306, 312 
Nordhoff, 168, 177, 201, 280, 338* 
Private — 

Creighton, 211, 291* 

Deuel, 50 

Dwight and Fo^vIer, 50, 210 

Englewood School for Boys, 155, 160,* 

196, 310 
Gray, 52, 81 
Kursteiner, 52, 81, 82* 
Liberty Union, 24,* 24-6 
Norton, 50 
Parochial, 209,* 210 
Piatt (Miss.) 234* 
Plumlev, 125, 155 
Smith, '137, 155 

Sterling and Gerrish, 145, 156, 177 
Wall, 52, 210 
White, 125 . 

Young Ladies' Semmary, 36* 
Sciver, A., 25 
Scott, Annie, 224 
Scribner, Ben, 101 
Scudder, E. C, 321, 332, 398 
Scullv, John, 262 
j. C, 246 

W.-^ 1,^^72, 174, 181,* 202, 212, 239 
Sedore, Conrade, 15 
Serrell, Wm., 74 
Serviss T. H., 120, 233 
SeufeVt W. M., 181,* 221, 230, 254, 277, 288, 

292 328, 398, 405 
Sewer Co.', 140, 198, 280, 284, 297, 300, 335 
Sheffield, J. E., 85 
Sheppard, R. A., 235, 415 
Sheridan, E. J., 221, 277 
She™;n; E. C., 222, 252,* 310, 312, 319, 333, 

400, 416 



Shenvood, A. C, 161,- 155, 234,* 320, 397, 
399, 404, 409-10 

T. D., 113,* 113-114, 122, 139, 144, 145 

Maud, 143,* 234* 
Shinn, Emma O., 218 
Sibley, Ernest, 296 
Sinclair, Upton, 240 
Sinking Fund Commission, 305 
Sisson, May 234* 
Sm.eeman, H., 6 
Smith, B. D., 81, 152-3 

B. S., 224 

Charles E., 240, 249, 262, 266 

C. O., 421 

D. D., 70, 71,* 100, 122, 144 
Harry J., 289, 299 
Henrietta D., 84 
Homestead, 11* 

Hugh, 160, 190 

James, ISO 

I. Spencer, 238 

Laura D., 84, 146, 398 

Mary, 12 

Oliver D., 81, 124, 140, 152, 153,* 158, 
160-1, 167, 171-2, 1,S4, 189, 207, 252, 
300, iM. 334 

R. P., 319-20 

R. H., 245 

R. W., 65 

Rudolph H., 139 

W. E., 65 

W. H., 184 

W. W., 137, 138* 
Smits, A. J., 84, 88,* 116, 122 
Smullen, Edward, 331 
SnoAvden, Andrew, 305 

T. W., 305 
Speer, Mrs. E. M., 424-5 

R. E., 338 

Mrs. R. E., 308 
Spindler, Peter, 218 
Springer, A. PL, 396, 400 

Charles W., 173 

Josephine, 170 

Moses E., 42, 45,* 56, 95, 113, 129, 139, 
142, 264, 302 
Stack, Frank, 386 
Stage Line, 26 
Stagg, Chas. J., 212, Preface 

Joseph W., 54-56, 56,* 76, 105, 108, 161, 
171, 176, 184, 186 
Stainton, C. D., 222 
Stamp Act, 17 
Standard, The, ,56, 119 
Stanley, Wm., Jr., 340 

\Vm., Sr., 146, 162, 191,* 302 
Starkev, Thomas, 197, 198 
Steam Roller, 229 
Steenhuysen, E., 7 

Sterling, A. W., 129, 146, 168, 169,* 179-80, 
184, 185, 190, 194, 207, 221, 241, 332 
Stockman, Mrs. H., 401 

H. C, 407, 409 
Stoddard, J. A., 277 
Stone, H. F., 299, 320, 403 

n. W., 335 
Strike. Railroad, 332 

Stross, Ludivig, 179, 396, 398 

Stuvmets, C, 6 

StuVvesant, P., 6. 9, 10 

Suffrage, 294, 307 

Sullivan, M. J., 272, 328. 333 

Sumner, Graham, 284, 291, 310, 312, 331, 423 

Mrs. Graham, 413 
Sweeney, Cornelius, 158, 184, 227, 235, 245, 

D. F., 237-8, 305, 331 
Sweet, A. J., 113 
Sweez.v, E. B., 396 
Swennarton, T. W., 65 
Swett, Ellen, 26 

Taft, W. H., 250 
Talbot, Earle, 328, 405, 417 
Tallman, Abram, 91-2, 148, 151, 153* 171, 
172, 174, -176, 178, 332 

Isabelle J., 422 

William, 299 
Tallman Place, 186, 194 
Tappan, Mrs., 154 
Taussig, T. W., 407, 409, 411 
Tax Rate, 244 
Ta^■lor, George, 67 
' Isabel, 170 

Jacob, 124, 142, 148, 149*, 178 

R. B., 173-4, ISO, 189, 207, 212, 216, 218 

Sarah, 67 

M'illiam, 110 
Ta\'lor and Mosle\', 229 
Teaneck, 70, 167, 176 
Telegraph Office, 143, 144 
Telephone Company, 126, 155, 182, 197 
Tenafly Road. 24, 69 
Terhune, A. A., 75 

C. J., 339 

J. A., 176, 177* 

J. V. H., 75 
Terry, J. W., 125, 154, 163* 

Thomas, 138* 

\V. O., 112 
Thacher, Thomas, 178 

Mrs. Thomas, 124, 398 
Thomas, x'Vddison, 115, 120, 122, 133, 384 
Thomson, D. G., 289, 303, 310, 318* 319, 321, 
328, 335-7, 339, 359, 394, 398, 405, 
409. 411, 415 

J. A., 192, 320 

James C, 236 

Joseph, 97, 152, 162, 167, 172, 202, 227, 
231, 246, 259, 316 
Thorburn, Hattie, 234* 
Three Pidgeons, 26 

Tiernev, Wm. Jr., 225,* 227, 235, 237, 254, 
259, 262, 265, 277, 312, 319, 320, 398, 
400, 405 
Tildeslev, F. V., 216, 340 
TiUinghast, Paul, 138* 

Reynolds, 138* 

W'. E., 329 

Mrs. W. E., 129, 164 



Tillotson, G. D., 399 

J. H., 119, 142, 155, 157* 171, 196, 198, 
254, 264, 270, 299, 320, 332, 394, 396, 
39S, 412, Preface 

Mrs. T. H., 398 

Mary S., 264 
TiUyou, N'., 112, 145 
Tilton, E. L., 290 

"Times," The, 119, 155, 209, 211, 214, 216, 217 
Tipper, John, 304 

Mrs. John, 304 
Tipping, E. A., 245 

Thomas, 199* 
Titus, Frank, 180, 190, 217, 217*, 235, 277, 291 
Tooker, G. E., 415 
Topping, S. J., 220 
Tories, 18 
Townsend, Charles C, 134, 148, 149*, 340 

J. S., 65 
ToAvnson, John A., 68 
Tramps, 110 
Trav, Teresa, 68 
Trolley, 170, 171, 180, 193, 201, 213-14, 225-6, 

231, 239, 260 
Tro^Ybridge, T. R-, 397 
Tucker, W. C., 235, 289 
Turner, Alexander, 318* 320, 326, 333, 336 

H. B., 84, 110, 131, 140, 144* 158, 178, 

Mrs. H. B., 164, 230 

T. F., 84, 147, 197, 340 
Turnure, John, 101 
Tyson, Mrs. W. E., 398 


Ullrich, Tacoh, 184, 218, 263 

United War Work Drive, 311, 360, 399 

Urkhart, Gussie, 234* 

Mary, 234* 
Upson, Maxwell, 403 

Vaill, E. W., 261 

Elizabeth S., 198 
Valentine, C. W., 92*, 92-3, 233 

D., 134* 
Van Blarcom, W. V., 189 
Van Brunt, Adriance, 42, 65, S2. 103, 129, 302 

George R., 173-4 

Henry D., 31* 36, 339 

Mrs. Henry D., 339 

Homestead. 25*, 28*, 29*, 36 

John, 25*. 27, 29, 36, 4S, 56, 75, 78, 95, 129 

Margaret, 49 

P. W., 219 

R. J., 27 

Rutger, lOS 

Stephen, 65 
Van Buren, J. H., 125 

T. B., 87, 104 

Mrs. T. B., 87, 204 
Van Buskirk, Charles, 138* 

John, 29 

Katherine, 25 

\'anderlieek, C. L., 338 

David, 25 

Garret, 158, 173 
Jacob, 21 

James, 49 

Jane, 25 

J. B., 112, 184 

John, 21, 23, 75, 103 

John S., 103, 215 

Margaret, 49 

Mary, 338 

Nelson K.. 21, Preface 
Vanderbilt, 1. L., 277, 417 

S. D., 215 
Van Dvke, Henry, 262 
Van Home, B. G., 103, 216, 253,* 415, Preface 

Carrie, 253* 
Van Houten, A., 154 
Van Keuren, G., 299 
A'an Nostrand, John, 35 
Van Orden E., 142* 
Van Putten, A. T., 6 
Van Riper, Peter, 101 
Van A'leck, T., 6 
Van VIeet, Benson, 108 
A'an Wagoner, Mrs., 338 
Van Wart, Abraham, 173-4 
Varlet, Nicholas, 6 
Varlev, Richard, 396 

William T., 113*, 113, 114 
Vermilve, A. G., 219 

Mrs. A. G., 232 

Annie, 234* 

Chapel, 117 

Elizabeth B., 168, 169*. 184 

H. R., 173, 252, 256, 273, 280, 283*, 411 

Jane, 234* 

"Nina, 234* 

W. G., Ill* 122, 173 

W. R., 87, 90*, 91, 96, 103, 117, 383 
Veterans' Association, 133 
^'ete^ans of Foreign M'ars, 332-3 
A'oght, J. A., 221 
Voorhees, F. L., 113, 114, 189, 194, 196 

J. C, 117 
A'reeland House, 13* 

Richard, 339 


Wakelee, E. W., 249, 263 

Walcott, F. C, 308, 352, 398, 405 

Walker, Mrs. Marcus, 198 

Wall, Thomas G., 52, 204, 210 

War Camp Community Service, 311, 353, 

412-13, 425 
War Savings, 311, 423 
Ward, Charles W., 131 

G. H., 415 

Harrv, 272 
Wards, 172 

Washington, George, 18 
Waterburv, Anna L., 153, 185 

C. H., 80*, 90 

Mary, 234* 
Waters, 42, 45 



Watson, C. T., 235 

H. C, 231, 235, 237, 239, 245, 250-1, 255*, 
Weatherby, H., 300 
Weber, L. S., 2S9 
Wednesday Closing, 338 
Weeks, J. L., 231 
Weidig, P. M., 335 
Weikert, C, 253*, 340 
Weinman, C. E., 249 
Welfare Agencies, 338 
Wells, J. A., 154, 163*, 176, 204 

Mrs. J. A., 146, 168, 204, 218 
Wessels, J., 12 
West, Henrv, 100, 120 
West Side Field, 247*, 262 
West Side Improvement Association, 185 
Westervelt, David I., 75 

Garret, 25 

Harriet, 223 

Henry D., 25, 179 

Henry G., 25 ^ 

Homestead, 35*, 36 

John, 25, 67 

John S., 208*, 328 

Margaret, 27, 36, 105, 179 

Maria, 67 

Peter, Jr.,^24-5, 27, 36 

Rachel, 25 

Walter, 144*, 174, 246, 265, 329 
Wetmore, T- S., 67, 100, 110, 116, 131, 137, 

140, 144*, 148, 173-4, 24S, 288 
Whelen, Monsignor, 282 
Whitaker, O. W., 82, 84 
White, Stanley, 262 

T. R., 125 

W. J., 250, 319, 322* 

W. S., 221 
Whittemore, Mrs. W. L., 129 
Whvte, W. H., 290 
Wilhelm, Caroline E., 404 
Wilkin, A. G., 319, 335 
Willcox, O. B., 338 

Willis, A. C, 238 

C. W., 340 
Willoughby, W. F., 306, 328 
Wilson, Wood row, 264 
Winslow, Herbert L., 382 

Winton, Eben, 119 

H. D., 119 
Wirteson, H., 134* 
Wirth, F. C, 416, 416* 
Wise, Daniel, 65, 67-68, 89, 153, 186 

Jennie, 89 
Wohlfert, J. C, 302, 335 
Woman's Club, 168, 182, 225, 262, 324, 332, 

W^oman's Exchange, 128, 177, 330 
Women's Council of National Defense, 308 
Wood, F. C, 341, 343* 

TT jy OQQ 

Leonard, 333, 350, 405, 410* 
Woodland Cemetery, 247, 252 
Woodruff, Benjamin, 320, 331 
Woolsey, John, 155 
Wortendyke, R. P., 112, 126, 131, 134, 158, 

172, 175*, 176, 202, 216, 272 
Wragg, James, 75 
Wright, W. J., 254 

Yerrington, Fred, 138* 
Y. M. C. A., 307, 311 
York, Duke of, 10 
Y. W. C. A., 308, 418 

Zabriskie, Isaac J., 128, 131, 134, 137, 161 

John J., 75 
Zborowski, Albert, 108 
Zipple, John, 134* 
Zuber, H., 266, 294, 296, 299, 310, 320, 405