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Full text of "The history of Jericho, Vermont;"

Tht History of 

JERICHO 



VERMONT 




CORNELL 

UNIVERSITY 

LIBRARY 




FROM 



Cornell University Library 
F 59J55 J55 




olin 



3 1924 028 838 039 




Cornell University 
Library 



The original of tiiis book is in 
tine Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924028838039 



^ 



H 
W 




The History of 

JERICHO 

VERMONT 



Edited by 

Chauncey H. Hayden, Luther C. Stevens, 
LaFayette Wilbur, Rev. S. H. Barnum 



ILLUSTRATED 



NIMVLUGri Y 
[.:UAUY 



r\L»J X"! 



I 



The Free Press Printing Co. 

Printers and Binders 

Burlington, Vt. 

1916 



/ know my town and I lote my town, 

And I teanl to help it be 
As great a town to every one 

As it seems to be to me I 
I praise my town and I cheer my town. 

And I try to spread its fame; 
And I know what a splendid thing 'twould be 

If you would do the same I 

I trust my town and I boost my town, 

And I want to do my part 
To make it a town that all may praise 

From the depths of every heart I 
I like my town and I sing my town. 

And I want my town to grow; 
If I knocked my town or blocked my town. 

That wouldn't be nice, you know I 



Bebicatfon 

The editors respectfully dedicate this History to the citizens 
of Jericho; in grateful memory of the Honorable Martin Chitten- 
den and the Honorable Asahel Peck, highly esteemed Governors 
of this commonwealth and citizens of Jericho while occupying 
that exalted position; also in appreciation of His Excellency 
the Honorable Charles W. Gates, the present Governor, who in 
1890 became united in marriage to Miss Mary Elizabeth Hayden 
of Jericho. 



PREFACE. 

The Jericho Town Celebration of 1913 awakened such an 
interest in Town Traditions, that the General Committee by vote 
instructed the Historical Committee to begin the work of collect- 
ing material for a History of Jericho in accordance with the fol- 
lowing recommendation: 

"It seems desirable to print a book, which shall, in as inter- 
esting a manner as possible, treat of the town, representing in 
reminiscent style the growth of the town, its schools, churches, 
business interests, etc., sketching as may be the lives of prominent 
citizens, and treating also the genealogies of all families so far as 
accessible, thereby producing a volume of real value to posterity." 

The General Committee also directed a writeup of the recent 
celebration of 1913, which should give a complete account of each 
day's program together with the addresses in full, which instruc- 
tion has been carried out in Part Second. The remaining parts 
have been worked out by the editors along well defined lines. 

The sources of our information have been the Town Records, 
the Church Records, and the citizens of the town, especially the 
older generation, and information by them preserved. The proc- 
ess of gathering this material has been slow, for busy men at 
least ; that of verification even more tedious, yet of supreme im- 
portance. 

It is not always easy to spread traditions upon permanent 
records, nor yet to get just the truth out of the misty reports and 
tales passed from one generation to another. 

Then again our vision may have been limited, and some 
really important matters may have been overlooked, because we 
are living in a different generation. We have endeavored to 
record what is true. 

Fully one half the space in this volume has been devoted to 
genealogies or the history of the citizens of Jericho. These have 
been written by different writers, and in varying style, some con- 
taining much of a biographical nature, and are often interspersed 
with incidents that have the effect of breaking up the monotonous 
succession of dates and other facts, and rendering family history 
readable and entertaining. 



ii HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

We sincerely wish that the number of illustrations could 
have been larger, but due thought and care have been exercised to 
select such scenes as will be appreciated for "The Old Associa- 
tions" and "Memories." 

We desire, at this time, to express our appreciation to the 
numerous friends of the History, especially to the members of 
the General Committee and the Auxiliary Committee for their 
generous and able assistance. Several of the town's writers have 
furnished articles upon matters, of which they themselves are 
the best authority obtainable. It should be said, in this connec- 
tion, that the excerpts from the Jericho Reporter, appearing in 
various parts of the volume, are principally from the pen of our 
associate editor, Mr. L. C. Stevens. Mr. L. F. Wilbur also, who 
began the practice of law in this town nearly 60 years ago, by 
reason of his intimate knowledge of the affairs of town, and his 
still more intimate acquaintance with the people, as well as by 
reason of a particularly retentive memory, has contributed much 
that is valuable to this History. 

Rev. S. H. Barnum, pastor of the Congregational Church 
at Jericho Center, although a resident of town for only eight 
years, has likewise rendered most valuable service as a member 
of the Historical Committee. The service thus rendered should 
be highly esteemed by the citizens of our town, since it has been 
a free service. 

It will thus be seen that, in reality, this history has many 
authors, which fact, in my opinion enriches it with a variety of 
style and substance that will favorably impress the reader. 

Some duplications occur, because of the numerous writers, 
but these, expressed in different language, serve the better to 
emphasize the incident. 

In our work of research, we have been led to admire the 
sturdy characteristics of our ancestors ; they were good neighbors, 
interested in schools, churches and town institutions. 

Yes, they were noble, brave and true, and more, they were 
good. So our inheritance is rich, the homes they struggled so 
hard to establish, the cattle upon the hills, the grain and the 
fruit, and the other wealth of the town; but the priceless part 
of that inheritance is the unaffected, the now almost old fashioned 
goodness of these early generations. Edgar A. Guest has written 
verses especially appropriate: 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Old-fashioned folks ! God bless 'em all ! 

The fathers and the mothers, 
The aunts an' uncles, fat an' tall. 

The sisters an' the brothers. 
The good old-fashioned neighbors, too, 

The passing time improves 'em. 
They will drop in to chat with you. 

Whene'er the spirit moves 'em. 
The simple, unaffected folks 

With gentle ways an' sunny. 
The brave and true 
That live life through 

And stay unspoiled by money. 

Old-fashioned folks, of solid worth. 

On them a benediction ! 
The joy and comfort of the earth, 

Its strength, without restriction. 
The charm of every neighborhood. 

The toilers uncomplaining. 
The men an' women, pure and good. 

Of fine an' honest graining. 
The plain and open-hearted folks 

That make no fad a passion. 
The kind an' fair 
That do and dare 

An' are not slaves to fashion. 

Old-fashioned folks, that live and love 

And give their service gladly. 
An' deem their neighbors worthy of 

Their help when things go badly. 
The simple sharers of our joys. 

Sweet ministers in sorrow. 
They help the world to keep its poise 

An' strength for each tomorrow. 
The simple, unaffected folks, 

That live for all about them, 
God bless 'em all, 
This earthly ball 

Would dreary be without 'em. 



iv HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Along with true narration of facts, proper sequence of hap- 
penings and exact statements, etc., there may be woven into the 
narrative itself, if there be sufficient skill, that which gives the 
life-like touch of interest; so ever mindful of the former re- 
quisites, we have not been altogether unmindful of the value of a 
joke, the exciting episode and the characteristic incident. This 
History, as a book of reference, will increase in value as time 
goes on. 

As the History of Jericho is passed on to the reader it is with 
the hope that no one will ever refer to its pages without finding 
something of interest ; for the many may it prove what was wanted 
and to the citizens of Jericho we hope it will meet your expecta- 
tions. We wish the book could have been better. Later other 
writers may add another volume and so on in perpetuo. First 
then to improve our knowledge of town matters, finally to create 
and maintain a healthy and united interest in town institutions, 
and the object of this History will be accomplished. 

CHAUNCEY H. HAYDEN, 

For the Historical Committee. 

The other members of the Historical Committee feel that it 
is due to Mr. Hayden, who has written the preface and made little 
reference to himself, to add that he has not only compiled and 
written in his graceful style certain chapters, but as chairman 
has given the book a general superintendence, so that whatever 
value it has as a finished product should be attributed very largely 
to his painstaking and prolonged care. Its advocacy at the out- 
set, its arrangement, its illustrations, the decision of a multitude 
of little questions which do not appear to the reader, its supervi- 
sion as it has gone through the press, have imposed a burden and 
responsibility upon a busy man, who has devoted himself assidu- 
ously to what we believe is a worthy project. 

L. F. WILBUR, 
LUTHER C. STEVENS, 
S. H. BARNUM. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Part First — Governors and Committeemen. 

Chapter I. Portraits and sketches of the Governors. . 1 
II. Portraits and sketches of the General Com- 
mittee and the Auxiliary Committee. . 4 

Part Second — Jericho's Great Celebration. 

Chapter I. The Celebration of 1841 10 

II. The Charter 14 

III. Citizens organize for the Celebration of 

1913 19 

IV. Exercises of August Third 23 

V. Exercises of August Fourth 37 

VI. Exercises of August Fifth 38 

VII. Exercises of August Sixth 90 

VIII. Exercises of Au^st Seventh 101 

IX. Finalities 110 

Part Third — Historical Jericho. 

Chapter I. Interesting Facts from the Early Records. 113 

II. Schools 126 

III. Town Poor 130 

IV. Temperance 134 

V. Highways and Bridges 137 

VI. Jericho Men as Soldiers 142 

VII. Jericho Township 153 

VIII. The Freemen of Jericho 156 

Part Fourth — Churches of the Town. 

Chapter I. The First Baptist Church 173 

II. The First Congregational Church 179 

III. The Second Congregational Church 205 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VEIRMONT. vi 

IV. The Calvary Episcopal Church 211 

V. The Methodist Episcopal Church, Under- 

hill village 213 

VI. Methodist Church, Jericho Comers 217 

VII. The UniversaHst Church 219 

Part Fifth — Professional Men from Jericho. 

Chapter I. Ministers 223 

II. Lawyers 230 

III. Physicians 233 

IV. Teachers 238 

V. Civil Engineers 242 

VI. Miscellaneous 244 

VII. The Higher Schools of the Town 250 

Part Sixth. 

Village and Business Interests of the Town, Past and 

Present 261 

Part Seventh. 

The Browns 283 

Part Eighth — Miscellaneous Subjects. 

Chapter I. An Account of the Flood of 1914 299 

II. Jericho Town Library 301 

III. Grand Army and Relief Corps 304 

IV. Fraternities 310 

V. Snow Beauties 319 

VI. A Ramble about Town 325 

Part Ninth. 

Maps 341 

Part Tenth. 

Genealogies Arranged Alphabetically 361 




t^--:;?^^f-»'':^l<*^T__ 



•<^-^-r 



Governor, 1813-1815. 



PART FIRST. 

By C. H. Hayden. 

Chapter I. 

PORTRAITS AND SKETCHES OF THE GOVERNORS. 

HON. MARTIN CHITTENDEN. 

By LaFayette Wilbur. 

Martin Chittenden was the second son of Thomas Chitten- 
den, the illustrious field Governor of Vermont, and was born in 
SaHsbury, Conn., March 12th, 1769, and graduated at Dart- 
mouth College in 1789. He died Sept. 5th, 1840, in his seventy- 
second year, having been for about thirty years employed in pub- 
lic service. He was the eighth governor of Vermont. He set- 
tled near his brother Noah, in the south part of Jericho on the 
Onion River road. While a citizen of Jericho, he ever took a 
leading part in everything that pertained to the welfare of the 
town. He represented Jericho in the General Assembly eight 
years, was clerk of Chittenden County Court four years, Assistant 
Judge of the County Court ten years. Judge of the Probate Court 
for the District of Chittenden two years, delegate in the Con- 
stitutional Conventions in 1791 and in 1793, member of Con- 
gress for ten years, from 1803 to 1813, and Governor of Ver- 
mont two years, from 1813 to 1815. At the time of both elec- 
tions the party spirit ran high between the Federal and Repub- 
lican political parties, and in the year 1814 there was no election 
by the people and he was made Governor by a vote of the joint 
Assembly. The War of 1812 to 1815 was on between the 
United States and England which made his position a trying one. 
He was criticised for not giving his consent as Governor and 
Captain-General for the Vermont militia, as an organization, to 
leave the state for the scene of action at Plattsburg. He thought 
he was jtistified in his course as his own state was threatened with 
invasion by the British army from Canada, but he urged in- 
dividuals to join the forces at Plattsburgh to resist the enemy. 
He was a man of great ability and made a safe Governor. 



2 HISTORY OF JERIGHO, VERMONT. 

HON. ASAHEL PECK. 

By LaFayette Wilbur. 

Hon. Asahel Peck came from a noble line of ancestors. He 
was the son of Squire and Elizabeth Goddard Peck and was a 
descendant of Joseph Peck, the 21st generation from John Peck 
of Belton, Yorkshire County, England. He was born in Royals- 
ton, Mass., in September, 1803, and came to Montpelier, Vt., 
about 1811. He prepared for college at the Washington County 
Grammar School and took his college course at the U. V. M. at 
Burlington. In his senior year he left college to take a course 
of study in French in Canada. He' entered upon the study of 
the law in the office of his elder brother, Nahum Peck, of Hines- 
burgh, and soon after moved to Burlington where all of his pro- 
fessional life was spent. He was admitted to the bar at the 
March term of the Chittenden County Court in 1832. His up- 
right stand as a man and his sound legal judgment were so well 
known that he had no lack of clients. His practice grew and his 
legal opinions were relied on as the law of the case in hand and 
his clients were seldom disappointed. He continued his legal 
practice until he was chosen Chief Judge of the County Court for 
the third Judicial Circuit of Vermont in 1851, that embraced the 
counties of Chittenden, Franklin, Lamoille and Grand Isle, and 
he held that position until 1857, when a new and different judicial 
system was adopted by the state, and he returned to the practice 
of the law again. He was not allowed to remain at the bar. The 
people knew of his superior legal ability, and the Joint Assembly 
of the Vermont Legislature elected him as one of the judges of 
the Supreme Court in 1861, and he held that position until he 
resigned that office on the 31st day of August, 1874, and was 
elected Governor of the state the next day and held that office 
for two years. For several years previous to his election as 
Governor he resided upon his farm located in the south part of 
Jericho, and wds a resident of Jericho until his death May 18th, 
1879. He was buried in the family lot at Hinesburgh. He never 
was married. His leading and superior abilities were recog- 
nized by the educational institutions of the state. He received 
the degree of A. B. from the University of Vermont and was 
made LL. D. by Middlebury College in 1874. 



y 




I ' 



^^^^^o^^Z^ ^ 




QovEBNOE, 1874-1876. 




Gov. Charles Winslow Gates, 1915-1916 and His Wife 
Maky E. Hayden Gates. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 3 

Judge Peck was a man that the younger members of the 
legal profession were accustomed to go to for advice to aid them 
to solve intricate questions. He was one of the kindest of men 
and seemed to enjoy talking with the younger members of the 
bar on the questions of law and practice, and had a desire to help 
them rather than to block their road to success. 

The late Rufus Choate, one of the eminent lawyers of Mas- 
sachusetts, met Mr. Peck as antagonist in a trial of an important 
case in the Supreme Court of the United States, and at its con- 
clusion was so astonished to find "such a lawyer in Vermont," 
that he went to Mr. Peck and urged him to remove to Boston, 
assuring him that both fame and fortune would come to him. 
He did not see fit to make the change, but fame and a consider- 
able fortune came to him in Vermont. Mr. Peck represented 
Chittenden County in the State Senate in 1851. He was nomi- 
nated as Governor of Vermont at the Republican State Con- 
vention of 1874, and duly elected for that office. And the state 
was honored by electing him as Governor of the state. 

It is the consensus of opinion of the people of the state that 
he was one of the best Governors that Vermont ever had — 
thoroughly independent, prudent in every act, and carefully in- 
specting the minutest details of every question presented for his 
official approval. He was one of Vermont's noblest citizens, an 
able and upright judge and a safe Governor. 

HON. CHARLES GATES. 

Charles Winslow Gates was b. in Franklin, Vt., Jan. 12, 
1856. Educated in the public schools of that town, graduating 
from St. Johnsbury Academy in 1880. He taught the high 
school of Franklin several years and afterwards engaged in 
mercantile business. On April 9, 1890 he married Mary E. 
Hay den, Jericho, Vt. In 1886 he received his first appointment 
from the town of Franklin as road commissioner and built a 
piece of permanent highway that is in excellent condition today. 
In 1898 he represented his town in the House, and in 1900 his 
county in the Senate. Mr. Gates was appointed State Highway 
Commissioner in 1904, which position he occupied with con- 
spicuous ability for 10 years. In Nov., 1914 he was elected 



4 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Governor. June 30, 1915 he received from the University of 
Vermont the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws. 

His wife Mary Elizabeth Hayden was b. in Bakersfield, 
Vt., Mar. 12, 1860. Educated in the public schools of Bakers- 
field, Cambridge and Jericho, graduated from St. Johnsbury 
Academy in 1882, and in 1886 received the degree of A. B. from 
Wellesley College. She taught school at Wheaton Seminary, 
Moody School, Northfield and at Essex Classical Institute. Her 
demise occurred May 22, 1913. 



Chapter H. 

MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL COMMITTEE AND THE 
AUXILIARY COMMITTEE, THEIR PHOTO- 
GRAPHS TOGETHER WITH BRIEF 
SKETCHES OF THEIR LIVES. 

BuEL H. Day, President. 

Mr. Day was b. in Jericho Feb. 13, 1844. Educated in 
the public schools of town. Underbill Academy, later graduating 
from Eastman's Business College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. He 
m. Mary B. Whitcomb July 3, 1866. Became associated with 
Edward S. Whitcomb, Jr., in business at Riverside in 1865, was 
selectman for 6 years, and represented the town in the Legislature 
of 1872, and was senator from Chittenden Co. in 1884. Mr. Day 
moved to New York City in 1888, and engaged in mercantile 
business, accumulating a goodly fortune. In 1910 he returned to 
Jericho. His business activities are spoken of more fully in the 
Day genealogy. 

Note. — While the above was being put in type, occurred the 
death of Mr. Day our honored President, Oct. 25, 1915, having at- 
tained the age of 72 years. Great grief comes over his associates 
as they realize the loss sustained in his demise. 

Chauncey H. Hayden, Vice-President and Treasurer. 

Mr. Hayden was b. in Bakersfield, Vt., Mar. 31, 1857. Edu- 
cated in the public schools, and Spaulding Academy and Essex 




BxJEL Harwood Day. 

President of General Committee. 
Chairman of Committee on 
Pageant. Chairman Committee 
on Printing. Town Representa- 
tive in 1872. Senator in 1884. 



Mary B. Day. 

Member of Auxiliary Committee. 
Member of Committee on Pag- 
eant. Member of Children's 
Committee. 




Eugene B. Jordan. 

Secretary of General Committee. 
Chairman Committee on 
Sacred Concert. Town Repre- 
sentative in 1898. Town Clerk 
for 31 years. 



Chauncey Hoyt Hayden. 

Vice-President and Treasurer of 
General Committee. Chairman 
of Historical Committee. 
Chairman of Banquet Com- 
mittee. Town Representative 
in 1906, 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 5 

Classical Institute. Graduated from the University of Vermont 
in 1883, receiving the degree of Master of Arts in 1886. He m. 
M. Alice Lane, Nov. 25, 1886. 

Was principal of Underbill Academy, Hinesburg Academy, 
Essex Junction Graded School, Essex Classical Institute and 
Underbill Graded School. Served as superintendent of schools in 
Jericho for 3 years and in Essex for 4 years. Has also conducted 
business interests since 1894, general merchandise and undertak- 
ing. Has been selectman, also lister and was representative from 
Jericho in the Legislature of 1906. (See Hayden genealogy). 

Mr. Eugene B. Jordan, Secretary. 

Eugene B. Jordan was b. in Winooski, Vt., Feb. 27, 1863. 
Educated in the public schools, finished with a course in the busi- 
ness college. Moved to Jericho in 1884, at which time his older 
brother Henry formed with him a partnership under the firm title 
of Jordan Bros., doing an excellent general merchandise business 
until the present time. Has held many positions of responsibility ; 
has been town clerk since 1884, a period of 32 years. Mr. Jordan 
represented Jericho in the Legislature of 1898. (See Jordan 
genealogy) . 

Mr. LaFayette Wilbur. 

Mr. Wilbur was b. in Waterville, May 15, 1834. Educated 
in the public schools, attending the academies at Bakersfield, Fair- 
fax, Underbill Center and Morrisville. Taught school in Fairfax, 
Underbill and Elmore. Studied law and was admitted to the bar 
in 1856. Commenced the practice of law in Jericho in Jan., 1857. 
With the exception of a few years spent in Burlington has since 
resided in town. Has held many positions of trust and responsi- 
bility. Has devoted much time in the interest of the town 
library. Has edited the life of LaFayette Wilbur and family 
genealogy, one volume, and the early History o,f Vermont in four 
volumes. He m. Mercy Jane Morse, Jan. 9, 1861. (See Wilbur 
genealogy) . 

Mr. Luther C. Stevens. 

Mr. Luther C. Stevens was b. in Underbill Jan. 24, 1845, was 
educated in the public schools and Underbill Center Academy, 
2 



6 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

afterwards graduating from Burlington High School. As a 
young niah was always scholarly and greatly interested in edu- 
cational matters. For about 30 years Mr. Stevens has served as 
a school director in Jericho, giving freely of his time and genius, 
and now has the satisfaction of seeing the public school system 
equal to that in any of the neighboring towns. Mr. Stevens is 
also a writer of ability. (See Stevens genealogy). 

Rev. Samuel Horace Barnum. 

Rev. Samuel H. Barnum was b. in West Springfield, Mass., 
April 7, 1852. Educated in New Haven, Conn., graduated at 
Yale in 1875, and at Yale Theological Seminary in 1879. He 
was ordjined to the Christian ministry, April 25, 1883. Mr. 
Barnum m., July 13, 1882, Miss S. Pauline Little, dau. of Thos. 
D. and Susan Smith Little of Salisbury, N. H. 

Mr. and Mrs. Barnum settled in Jericho in 1907, and he is 
the pastor of the First Congregational Church at Jericho Center. 
He is a preacher of recognized ability, an excellent pastor and an 
exceptionally clear and entertaining writer. (See Barnum 
genealogy) . 

Mr. Frank S. Jackson. 

Mr. Jackson was b. in Jericho Dec. 20, 1859. Educated in 
the public schools, attended Underbill Academy and Essex Qassi- 
cal Institute. Remained with his parents upon the farm until 
the demise of his mother in 1894. After this the farm was 
rented and Mr. Jackson engaged in the lumber business in Mass., 
where he continued until 1912, when he returned to the home 
farm, which he has since managed. Early in life Mr. Jackson 
held positions of trust, being selectman several years, and in 1914 
was elected representative to the Legislature, in which capacity 
he served the town well. (See Jackson genealogy). 

Rev. a. H. Sturges. 

Mr. Sturges was b. in Fairfield, Vt., April -7, 1864. Edu- 
cated in the public schools, the Select Schools, East Fairfield, and 
Brigham Academy, Bakersfield. Studied for the ministry under 
the direction of the Vermont Conference of the Methodist Episco- 




LiUTHEE CaTLIN StEVEXS. 

Member of General Committee. 
Member of Historical Com- 
mittee. Chairman Committee 
on Markers. Chairman Chil- 
dren's Committee School Com- 
mitteeman for a decade. 



Rev. Sa:iiuel Horace Barnum. 

Member of General Committee. 
Member of Historical Com- 
mittee. Chairman of Com- 
mittee on Church Services. 
Chairman of Old Home Day 
Committee. 




Rev. a. H. Stx'roes. 

Member ot the General Com- 
mittee. Member of the Com- 
mittee on Church Services. 
Member of Old Home Day Com- 
mittee. 



Praxk S. Ransom. 

Member of the General Com- 
mittee. Member of Committee 
on Markers. Member of Com- 
mittee on Old Home Day. 
Town Representative in 1912. 



Theodore Bailey Williams. 

Member of General Committee. Member of Committee on Floats and 
Pageants. Member of School Board. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 7 

pal Church. He was licensed to preach in 1899 and was sent 
to Binghamville, where he remained seven years. His next 
charge was Underhill and Jericho, this being the eighth year on 
this charge. Few pastors have ever given better satisfaction 
than Mr. Sturges. He m. Miss Alma F. McGovern, Oct. 30, 
1884. (See Sturges genealogy). 

Mr. Frank S. Ransom. 

Mr. Frank S. Ransom was b. in Jericho, Jan. 8, 1857. Edu- 
cated in the public schools and Jericho Academy. He is an 
architect and contractor. Mr. Ransom served as road commis- 
sioner for Jericho several years, was selectman for 3 years and is 
at present lister. He represented the town in the Legislature of 
1912. First m. Ida M. Doty, June 2, 1880, now deceased. Mr. 
Ransom m. Miss Mary L. Church, Jan. 20, 1886. (See Ransom 
genealogy) . 

Mr. Theodore Bailey Williams. 

Theodore B. Williams was b. in Jericho, Aug. 14, 1888. 
Educated in the public schools and Essex Classical Institute, and 
graduated from the University in 1909. He has since been as- 
sociated with his father in the lumber business. Mr. Williams 
was elected school director in 1910. Is a young man of great 
promise. 

Mrs. Mary Bass Day. 

Mary Bass Whitcomb was b. in Fairfax, Vt., Jan. 20, 1846. 
When two years of age her parents bought and moved to the 
farm and store in Jericho. She received her education in the 
public schools and the Underhill Academy. Then taught school 
and assisted her parents until her marriage. 

Mrs. Day has a gift for sketching and painting and several 
of her productions adorn the walls of her beautiful home. She, 
as she often affirms, has found greater inspiration in caring for 
the children, who have come her way, "who needed mothering." 
After her own boys, the nephews and grandchildren, seven, who 
had been suddenly bereft of their own parents have thus found a 
home and mother's care with her many years, because she es- 
teemed the rearing and caring for children and caring for their 



8 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

immortal souls of far greater importance than accomplishments 
in art. 

Mrs. Sarah C. Brown. 

Sarah C. Ransom was b. in Jericho, Vt., March 19, 1859. 
Educated in the public schools and Jericho Academy. Was first 
m. to Mr. Harrison Packard, who d. Nov. 14, 1906. July 27, 
1908, she m. Mr. Oliver H. Brown. Mrs. Brown has always re- 
sided in town, and has been a tireless worker in church, mission- 
ary and other organizations. 

Mrs. Jennie R. Williams. 

Jennie Rawson was b. in Jericho, Nov. 9, 1856, was educated 
in the public schools and Underbill Academy, afterwards doing 
special work at Goddard Seminary. Oct. 19, 1882, she was m. 
to Mr. Enos Bailey Williams. Mrs. Williams has always lived 
in town, and has ever manifested a lively interest in community 
affairs, is a capable musician and an excellent writer. 

Mrs. Medora B. Schweig. 

Medora Burdick was b. in Jericho, Aug. 31, 1860. Received 
her education in the public schools, and the Underbill Academy. 
Early in life she developed fondness for the drama. For years 
she has contributed much of her time and ability to training the 
young people of our town for appearance in local plays, etc. 
She was m. to Mr. Ernest. Gustav Schweig, Sept. 27, 1882, a 
lawyer of good standing in New York City, where he d., Dec. 5th, 
1898. 

Mrs. Ethel Galusha Hawley. 

Ethel Galusha was b. May 6th, 1873. Educated in the 
public schools of Jericho, and graduated from Johnson Normal 
School in 1891. She afterwards specialized at Vermont Acad- 
emy, Saxtons River. She taught school in Jericho, and became 
united in m. with Mr. Burton C. Hawley in December, 1894. 

Mrs. Hawley is a fine soprano singer, and has the distinction 
of being the great great granddau. of Governor Chittenden, trac- 
ing her lineage back dually through each of her grandfathers. 




Medora Burdick EcirwEio. 



Sadie C. Brown. 

Member of the Auxiliary Com- Member of the Auxiliary Com- 
mittee. Member of the Com- mittee. Chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Pageant. Member of mittee on Dramatic Entertain- 
•the Banquet Committee. ment. Member of Banquet Com- 

mittee. 
Jennie Rawson Williams. 
Member of the Auxiliary Committee. 
Member of the Committee on Evening Musical Entertainment. 




Ethel Galusha Hawley. C!oba Willet Chapin. 

Member of Auxiliary Committee. Member of the Auxiliary Com- 
Chainaan of the Committee on mittee. Member of tbe Corn- 
Evening Musical Entertainment. mittee on Old Home Day. Mem- 
Member of Banquet Committee. ber of Banquet Committee. 



LiNNiB Curtis Buzzell. 
Member of Auxiliary Committee. 



history of jericho, vermont. 9 

Mrs. Cora W. Chapin. 

Cora M. Willey was b. in Sutton, P. Q., in 1867. She went 
to a rural school in Canada until 14 years of age, after which she 
attended the village school two years. She then attended "Maple- 
wood School," a private school taught by Prof, and Mrs. Thomas ; 
and afterwards specialized in French and music. 

She taught school in Westford and Underbill with notable 
success. In 1892, she was united with Mr. Lucian H. Chapin 
in marriage. Mrs. Chapin has ever evinced a deep interest in 
church work and in the schools of our town. 

Mrs. Harriet Higgins. 

Harriet Hovey, dau. of Dr. Frederick Freeman and Harriet 
Field Hovey was b. in Jericho, Vt. Educated in the public 
schools, Barre Academy, and Mt. Holyoke Seminary. She was 
m. to Charles F. Higgins of Springfield, Mass., where they re- 
sided until his demise, since which Mrs. Higgins has spent much 
of her time in Jericho. Capable as a musician and writer, Mrs. 
Higgins has been of great service to the community. 

Mrs. Linnie C. Buzzell. 

Linnie Curtis, dau. of Wilson R. and Sophia Bullock Curtis, 
was b. in Jericho in 1882. She was educated in the public schools, 
specializing in music at Montreal. 

She became united with Mr. Max A. Buzzell in m. in 1908. 
Mrs. Buzzell is prominent in church work, and has especial talent 
as a singer. 



10 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



PART SECOND. 

JERICHO'S GREAT CELEBRATION. 
By C. H. Hayden. 

Chapter I. 

THE CELEBRATION OF 1841, 

REMEMBERED AS THE TEMPERANCE CELEBRATION. 

Mrs. Homer Rawson, an octogenarian and a lifelong resident 
of the town, gave the editor of The Reporter the following de- 
scription of that event, which was pubHshed in May, 1913, from 
which we quote. 

"While we today deplore the drink habit, it should be cheer- 
ing to us to know that it is not so universal a custom, as it was in 
the early years of the last century. A perusal of the day-book of 
a merchant in town, John Fassett by name, at that period shows 
that seventy-five per cent, of his sales were spirituous liquors. 
People who were contemporary of the man whose fortune made 
possible the two fine hospitals in our county, the Mary Fletcher 
and the Fanny Allen, always said that the foundation of his 
fortune was laid as a merchant in the town of Essex. 

"In those days the leading occupation was lumbering. Ox 
teams drew the great pines to Burlington, where they were 
shipped down the lake to Montreal to be converted into masts 
for the King's navy. The lumbermen's thirst was always 
quenched at the Essex store, 'where rum and molasses were an 
inch on the counter.' 

"Those conditions which were wide-spread in the land, led 
to the Temperance Movement, which in 1841 was at its zenith. 

"Preparatory to the event a liberty pole was raised on the 
Congregational Church green. During the process of its erec- 
tion by perspiring townsmen Dr. Secretary Rawson walked by. 
He was a stanch Democrat and inquired, 'Which end of the 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 11 

pole is Whigery?' Lawyer Hill an enthusiastic Whig replied, 
'The top — — — ' with much emphasis. Accepting his ver- 
sion the old Doctor continued his way to the post office. While 
there a violent thunder storm with a high wind for a time pre- 
vailed, and on retracing his steps homeward he found that the 
wind had broken off the top part of the pole! It's needless to 
say the 'tables were well turned.' 

"A new pole was forthcoming for the great day, which was 
inaugurated by a grand parade. Col. Frederick Fletcher was the 
marshal, and a figure which awakened the keenest admiration. 
His mount was a dappled grey, and his costume a blue coat, white 
pants, blue sash and ruffled shirt, with the high black stove-pipe 
hat then in vogue. There were twenty-four states at that time 
in the Union and they were represented by twenty-four young 
couples: George Howe, Luther Prouty, Rollin Galusha, Law- 
rence Bliss, Leet Bishop, Elisha Ford, Russell White, George 
Fennel, Edgar Lane, John H. ? Tower, Jr., and the fair young 
girls: Rosamond Howe, Ellen Galusha, Mary Howe, Fanny 
Prouty, Philura and Philinda Ford were among them. 

"The young men were dressed in black coats, white pants 
and vests, high standing collar and stock, and the tall stove-pipe 
hat and their fair partners wore white dresses with wreaths on 
their heads. 

"The banquet was spread on tables built on the church green, 
where the young men had planted young trees cut in the woods 
the day previous and set in rows to shade the tables. The menu 
was most bountiful : roast pigs, whole boiled hams and rice pud- 
dings so big they filled sugar tubs, were served among other good 
things. Fred Hill, an able, lawyer of our town, eminently fitted 
for the place, acted as toastmaster, and the post-prandial exer- 
cises were responded to by all the local celebrities. 

"The president of the day was Judge John H. Tower of 
Underbill, a notable character. He was the possessor of the 
most imposing physique, being over six feet in height, quite 
portly, and always dressed in shiny black broadcloth and the 
high hat. He had held all the offices his townsmen could bestow, 
having been a Representative and side Judge. A whole volume 
might have been written of his peculiar use of the King's Eng- 
lish. Therefore, it was no surprise to his friends that from his 



12 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

station in the high pulpit in the old church as he announced the 
order of the exercises, he should say, 'Now we'll have sing- 
ing by the core !' 

"Ray Hard, a young law student of Mr. Hill's, read the 
Declaration of Independence. J. Sullivan Adams of Burlington, 
was the leading orator of the day. How eloquent his address, 
the singing so grand by the large choir led by the wonderful 
tenor, Arthur Castle, who was then in young manhood vigor! 
No wind or stringed instrument led that band, but with tuning 
fork in hand he brought Heaven's own harmony to earthly ears." 

Then the writer adds this exhortation respecting the ap- 
proaching celebration : 

"If it was possible for our town when only half its present 
age, to have a celebration that made memories that lasted 
seventy-two years, does it not behoove us, their children and 
grand-children, to do as worthily? The celebration in August is 
for no person's glory and exaltation, but the town's. And if the 
town is yours by birth or adoption, it is your town. These are 
days when many towns are celebrating anniversaries, and let us 
not be ashamed of our town's ISOth birthday. There are many 
expenses to be met, which the town's appropriation will not 
cover, and by generous aid and patronage only can the de- 
ficiencies be met." 

The following excerpts are from a personal letter to myself 
written by Dea. Truman B. Barney, late of Ada, Oklahoma, 
but for about 70 years a resident of Jericho, respecting the same 
celebration. 

"I was then eight years old and remember the celebration 
quite well. It had become a very common custom for most 
families to keep liquors in the house and to invite everyone who 
called to take something to drink; and even most of the min- 
isters when calling on their parishioners were in the habit of 
accepting the invitation. By this habit a great many had ac- 
quired a strong love of liquors and many formed the habit of 
drinking to excess. Then some of the best people became aware 
of the great danger and began to form Temperance Societies. 
Some good speakers were sent out and meetings were held to 
arouse the people generally.^ In Jericho, Underbill and the sur- 
rounding towns there was much interest manifested. A noted 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 13 

Temperance Lecturer from New York (I think) who called him- 
self the 'Reformed Wood Sawer' came and spoke to crowded 
houses. He was a very interesting man and had a wonderful 
influence among the people in stirring them up to the Temper- 
ance work. Societies were formed, pledges drawn up, and great 
numbers rescued from the miserable drink habit. I remember 
the great meetings very well, and just how the Wood Sawer 
looked, up in that little high pulpit between the front ends of 
the circular gallery in the brick church at Jericho Comers. He 
was rather a stocky built man of good appearance, had a fine clear 
voice and a most powerful magnetic influence over his audience. 
He said he had followed the life of a Wood Sawer in the city 
for years, going from house to house to saw and fit stove wood, 
and falling into the general custom of drinking, became greatly 
demoralized, but was finally aroused to a sense of his condition 
and fully reformed. 

"Col. Frederick Fletcher, who was the marshal at the great 
meeting, then lived at Underbill Flats, and owned a nice brick 
house and bam on the comer where the brick store now stands. 
He was my father's cousin by marriage with the Chittenden 
family. Being quite rich he always had a nice uniform and a 
spirited horse and was a splendid officer. He was Colonel of one 
of our Vermont uniformed militia regiments, and knew very well 
how to manage a large procession so as to make it appear to good 
advantage. Brigadier General Orvill Shaw, who commanded the 
Vermont brigade of the uniformed militia at that time, was an- 
other prominent officer in the great temperance meetings. He 
then owned and lived on the farm where Mr. B. C. Hawley now 
lives. His son John B. and daughter Ellen M. were about my 
age and schoolmates for several years. General Shaw was also 
a splendid officer. He had command of the troops called out by 
the governor to squelch the great Paddy rebellion at Richmond 
on the fourth of July during the building of the Vermont Cen- 
tral R. R., and succeeded in handling them so well that no lives 
were lost, although the Paddys made a great show with their shal- 
lalahs (or shillalahs), and things looked rather dubious just 
before the troops made their charge. As they marched up to 
charge with fixed bayonets, Denison Monroe, one of the drum- 
mers of the Jericho and Underbill company, thought a drum 



14 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

would be a queer thing to fight a big Irishman and a big shillalah 
with, and so took a convenient position behind a large tree and 
was made the butt of many a joke for a long time. 

"Judge David Fish of Jericho was also prominent in the 
Temperance work. He had charge of seating the people, and was 
an excellent hand to manage large gatherings and keep good 
order. He knew every one and knew just where to place them. 
The most of the reformations under the influence of the Wood 
Sawer were permanent. 

"Old Judge John H. Tower, a merchant at Underbill, had 
several barrels of liquor and cider in his store cellar, and he de- 
cided he would never sell another drop, nor sleep until he had 
emptied it all on the cellar bottom. So you see the great temper- 
ance work of those days was worth celebrating and is worth re- 
membering in the town history." 

It seemed very desirable to make permanent record of so 
important an event as the above described celebration, because of 
its meaning to the people of those days ; and also in memory of 
the men, women, and families therein referred to, many of whom 
became very prominent in town and county affairs. 



Chapter II. 

THE CHARTER. 

A true copy of the charter, together with the subscribers to 
the same as issued by Benning Wentworth, June 7, 1763, is given 
below. 

JERICHO. 

*2 — 33 *Province of New-Hampshire. 

Jerico GEORGE the Third, 

P. S. 

By the Grace of God, of Great-Britain, France and 
Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith &c. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 15 

To all Persons to whom these Presents shall come. 
Greeting. 
Know ye, that We of Our special Grace, certain Knowledge, 
and meer Motion, for the due Encouragement of settling a New 
Plantation within our said Province, by and with the Advice of 
our Trusty and Well-beloved Benning Wentworth, Esq; Our 
Governor and Commander in Chief of Our said Province of 
New-Hampshire in New-England, and of our Council of the 
said Province; HAVE upon the Conditions and Reservations 
herein after made, given and granted, and by these Presents, for 
us, our Heirs, and Successors, do give and grant in equal Shares, 
unto Our loving Subjects, Inhabitants of Our said Province of 
New-Hampshire, and Our other Governments, and to their 
Heirs and Assigns for ever, whose names are entered on this 
Grant, to be divided to and amongst them into Seventy two equal 
Shares, all that Tract or Parcel of Land situate, lying and being 
within our said Province of New-Hampshire, containing by 
Admeasurement, 23040 Acres, which Tract is to contain Six 
Miles square, and no more ; out of which an Allowance is to be 
made for High Ways and unimprovable Lands by Rocks, Ponds, 
Mountains and Rivers. One Thousand and Forty Acres free, 
according to a Plan and Survey thereof made by Our said Gover- 
nor's Order, and returned into the Secretary's Office, and here- 
unto annexed, butted and bounded as follows. Viz. Beginning 
at the Southerly or South Easterly Corner of Essex at the 
Northerly side of Onion or French River (so called) from thence 
Easterly up. said River so far as to make Six Miles on a straight 
Line, allowing the same to be Perpendicular with the South 
Easterly Line of said Essex from thence Northerly a Parralell 
Line with the south Easterly line of said Essex six Miles from 
thence Westerly about six Miles to the North Easterly corner of 
said Essex, from thence southerly by the Easterly Line of said 
Essex Six Miles to the place begun at — And that the same be, 
and hereby is Incorporated into a Township by the Name of 
Jerico And the Inhabitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit 
the said Township, are hereby declared to be Enfranchized with 
and Intitled to all and every the Priviledges and Immunities that 
other Towns within Our Province by Law Exercise and Enjoy : 
And further, that the said Town as soon as there shall be Fifty 



16 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Families resident and settled thereon, shall have the Liberty of 
holding Two Fairs, one of which shall be held on the 

And the other on the 
annually, which Fairs are not to continue longer than the re- 
spective 

following the said and that as 

soon as the said Town shall consist of Fifty 
Families, a Market may be* opened and kept one 
or more Days in each Week, as may be thought most *2 — 434 
advantagious to the Inhabitants. Also, that the first 
Meeting for the Choice of Town Officers, agreable to the Laws 
of our said Province, shall be held on the 14th July next which 
said Meeting shall be Notified by Mr. John Burling who is here- 
by also appointed the Moderator of the said first meeting, which 
he is to Notify and Govern agreable to the Laws and Customs 
of our said Province; and that the annual Meeting for ever 
hereafter for the Choice of such Officers for the said Town, 
shall be on the second Tuesday of March annually, To Have 
and to Hold the said Tract of Land as above expressed, to- 
gether with all Priviliges and Appurtenances, to them and their 
respective Heirs and Assigns forever, upon the following Con- 
ditions, viz. 

I. That every Grantee, his Heirs or Assigns shall plant 
and cultivate five Acres of Land within the Term of five Years 
for every fifty Acres contained in his or their Share or Propor- 
tion of Land in said Township, and continue to improve and 
settle the same by additional Cultivations, on Penalty of the 
Forfeiture of his Grant or Share in the said Township, and of 
its reverting to Us, our Heirs and Successors, to be by Us or 
Them Regranted to such of Our Subjects as shall effectually 
settle and cultivate the same. 

II. That all white and other Pine Trees within the said 
Township, fit for Masting Our Royal Navy, be carefully pre- 
served for that Use, and none to be cut or felled without Our 
special License for so doing first had and obtained, upon the 
Penalty of the Forfeiture of the Right of such Grantee, his 
Heirs and Assigns, to Us, our Heirs and Successors, as well as 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 17 

being subject the Penalty of any Act or Acts of Parliament that 
now are, or hereafter shall be Enacted. 

III. That before any Division of the Land be made to and 
among the Grantees, a Tract of Land as near the Centre of the 
said Township as the Land will admit of, shall be reserved and 
marked out for Town Lots, one of which shall be alloted to 
each Grantee of the Contents of one Acre. 

IV. Yielding and paying therefor to Us, our Heirs and 
Successors for the Space of ten Years, to be computed from the 
Date hereof, the Rent of one Ear of Indian Corn only, on the 
twenty-fifth Day of December annually, if lawfully demanded, 
the first pa3mient to be made on the twenty-fifth Day of Decem- 
ber, 1763. 

V. Every Proprietor, Settler or Inhabitant, shall yield and 
pay unto Us, our Heirs and Successors yearly, and every Year 
forever, from and after the Expiration of ten Years from the 
abovesaid tWenty-fifth Day of December, namely, on the twenty- 
fifth Day of December, which will be in the Year of our Lord 
1773 One shilling Proclamation Money for every Hundred Acres 
he so owns, settles or possesses, and so in Proportion for a 
greater or lessor tract of the said Land; which Money shall be 
paid by the respective Persons abovesaid, their Heirs or Assigns, 
in our Council Chamber in Portsmouth or to such Officer or 
OfiScers as shall be appointed to receive the same ; and this to be 
in Lieu of all other Rents and Services whatsoever. 

In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of our 
said Province to be hereunto affixed. Witness Benning Went- 
WORTH, Esq; Our Governor and Commander in Chief of Our 
said Province, the Seventh Day of June In the Year of our 
Lord Christ, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Sixty three 
And in the Third Year of Our Reign. 

By His Excellency's Command, 
With Advice of Council, 

fT Atkinson Junr Secry 

Prow New Hampr June 7th 1763 

Recorded According to the Original Charter under the 
Prov^ Seal 

1[ T Atkinson Junr S&cry 



18 



HISTORY OP JERIC!HO, VERMONT. 



*2— 435 *The Names of the Grantees of Jerico (Viz) 



Edwd Burling 
Thos Burling 
Saml Burling 
John Sackett 
John Sackett Junr 
John Wiggins 
Willm Wiggins 
Willm Latham 
Lancaster Burling 
Amos Dodge Junr 
James Jarvis 
Charles Jarvis 
Philip Brasher 
Willm D Peyster Junr 
Barnard De Forcest 
Amos Underhill Junr 
Soloman Underhill 
Saml Laurence 
Thos Grenell 
William Mercier 
John Burling 
John Bowne 
Nichs H Bogart 
Jereah Martine 
Peter Tetard 
Charles Davis 
John Davis 
James McCreedy 
Henry Matthews 
CoUo Saml Barr 
Dr John Hale 



James Burling 

Walter Burling 

Benja Burling 

James Sackett Junr 

Danl Wiggins 

Danl Wiggins Junr 

Benja Wiggins 

Danl Latham 

Amos Dodge 

Arthur Jarvis 

James Jarvis Junr 

Benja Bill 

Abrm Brasher 

Morris Earle 

John Bates 

David Underhill 

Edmd Underhill 

James Laurence 

Thos Grenell Junr 

John Dyer Mercier 

Philip Burling 

John Vermilye 

John Martine 

John Guerinaux 

Saml Gillat 

Stephen Davis 

James Davis 

John Cornell of Flushing 

Saml Averil 

Joseph Blanchard 

Benja Jarvis 



Thos Grenell Senr; 

Hon John Temple, Theo: Atkinson, Mk H^ Wentworth Esqrs. 
His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esqr a Tract of Land 
to Contain Five Hundred Acres as marked B — W — in the Plan 
which is to be Accounted two of the within Shares, One whole 
share for the Incorporated Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign Parts, One Share for a Glebe for the Church 



HISTORY OF JERICHO. VERMONT. 19 

of England as by Law Establish'd, One Share for the First 
settled Minister of the Gospel, & One Share for the benefit of a 
School in said Town — 

Province of New Hampr June 7th 1763 

Recorded according to the Back of the Original Charter of 
Jericho under the Vtov Seal 

If T Atkinson Jun Secry 



Chapter III. 

CITIZENS ORGANIZE FOR THE CELEBRATION OF 

1913. 

The Town Celebration had its inception in an article in the 
warning for March meeting 1913, which had been prepared by 
the Town Clerk, Hon. E. B. Jordan, and which reads as follows : 

"To see if the Town will take any action regarding the Cele- 
bration of the 150th Anniversary of the granting of the Charter 
of the Town." 

After discussion it was voted to celebrate the ISOth An- 
niversary, which would occur June 7, 1913 ; and a committee of 
ten voters was duly elected to have general charge of the ar- 
rangements. They were given power to fill vacancies in the 
committee and also to appoint sub-committees, all to serve with- 
out compensation. 

It was also voted to authorize the selectmen to grant an 
appropriation, not to exceed $150.00, for use of the Committee 
towards defraying the expenses of said celebration. The in- 
terim from March to the time of the celebration was utilized by 
the General Committee, in meetings for discussion of the var- 
ious features of the proposed celebration in making necessary 
preparations. Much interest developed respecting time, place, 
duration of celebration and means for entertainment. How ar- 
dently all these matters were discussed, even to the minutest de- 
tails ! 



20 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Three villages in the town and varying interests, change the 
situation from that of towns having only one village and a united 
interest. At first there were spirited debates, but soon selfish 
interests began to yield to generous rivalry and fair play. A 
better mood predominated in committee discussions and town 
interests gained the ascendency. 

Not imitating other towns in an extravagant pageant or 
in the attempt to crowd all into a one day's program, the com- 
mittee planned within their means, using town resources and 
native ability, with due consideration to her various interests, 
with results that far exceeded expectation, a schedule of events 
covering five days at the different villages affording all who 
participated great delight and satisfaction. 

Even at this short range, the memories are all exceedingly 
pleasant. It was a succession of choice events, admirably exe- 
cuted, historical, reminiscent, and spectacular. The preparation 
had been tedious, the results amazing, and all that need be 
added is that "This was Jericho's way." 

Following will be found the various committees. 
The General Committee. Elected by the voters. 

Buel H. Day, chairman; Chauncey H. Hayden, vice-chair- 
man and treasurer; Eugene B. Jordan, secretary; La Fayette 
Wilbur, Luther C. Stevens, Rev. S. H. Barnum, Frank S. Jack- 
son, Rev. A. H. Sturges, Frank S. Ransom, Theodore B. Wil- 
liams. 
Auxiliary. Chosen by the General Committee. 

Mary B. Day, Sadie C. Brown, Jennie R. Williams, Medora 
Schweig, Ethel G. Hawley, Cora W. Chapin, Harriet Higgins, 
Linnie C. Buzzell. 
The Historical Committee. 

Chauncey H. Hayden, Luther C. Stevens, La Fayette Wil- 
bur, and Rev. S. H. Barnum. 
Sub.-Committee on Church Services. 

Rev. S. H. Barnum, Rev. A. H. Sturges, Rev. William Cash- 
more, and Rev. C. A. Nutting. 
Sub-Committee on Sacred Concert. 

Eugene B. Jordan, Mrs. Ethel G. Hawley, Mrs. Linnie C. Buzzell, 
Fred A. Percival, Rev. William Cashmore, Frank M. Hoskins, 
Mrs. J. H. Safford, Park H. Brown, and Mrs. Ira Thorpe. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 21 

Sub-Committee on Dramatic Entertainment. 

Mrs. Medora Schweig, Chauncey H. Hayden, and Frank S. 
Remsom. 
Sub-Committee on Old Home Day. 

Rev'. S. H. Barnum, La Fayette Wilbur, Rev. A. H. Sturges, 
Eugene B. Jordan, Mrs. Cora W. Chapin, and Frank S. Ransom. 
Sub-Committee on Loan Exhibits. 

Mrs. Harriet H. Higgins, Mrs. Medora Schweig, Mrs. Cora 
W. Chapin, Mrs. Fred S. Tomlinson, Mrs. M. Alice Hayden and 
Mrs. M. C. Hale. 
Sub-Committee on Markers. 

Luther C. Stevens, Chauncey H. Hayden and Frank S. Ran- 
som. 
Banquet Committee. 

Chauncey H. Hayden, Buel H. Day, La Fayette Wilbur, 
Frank S. Jackson, Mrs. Sadie C. Brown, Mrs. Medora Schweig, 
Mrs. Ethel G. Hawley, Mrs. Cora W. Chapin and Mrs. F. S. Ran- 
som. 
Sub-Committee on Floats and Pageants. 

Buel H. Day, Luther C. Stevens, Frank S. Ransom, Frank- 
lin S. Jackson, Theodore B. Williams, Mrs. Mary B. Day, Mrs. 
Sadie C. Brown and Mrs. Jennie R. Williams. 
Children's Committee. (Special). 

Luther C. Stevens, Mrs. Mary B. Day and Mrs. Harriet 
H. Higgins. 
Sub-Committee on Evening Musical Entertainment. 

Mrs. B. C. Hawley, Mrs. Linnie Buzzell, Mrs. Cora W. Cha- 
pin, Mrs. Jennie R. Williams and Mrs. Harriet H. Higgins. 
Printing. 

B. H. Day, C. H. Hayden and E. B. Jordan. 

Local Committees at Jericho Center. 
Marshals : 

J. H. Safford, Andrew Fitzsimonds. 
Reception Committee: 

B. G. Brown and wife. Dr. M. O. Eddy and wife, S. M. 
Packard and wife, G. C. Bicknell and wife, A. K. Morse and 
wife. 



22 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Information Bureau : 

Mrs. J. W. Hart, Emma Bicknell, F. A. Fuller, Dr. C. G. 
Barnum, Gertrude E. Barnum, Helen M. Chapin. 
Decorations : 

Mrs. K. B. Isham, W. J. Nichols and wife, F. M. Hoskins 
and wife, Irving Ballard and wife, Leon Hall and wife, Mrs. 
C. Bell, Lester Packard. 
Refreshments : 

Mrs. E. B. Jordan, Mrs. E. H. Smith, Mrs. H. E. Bates, 
Mrs. C. F. Nealy, Mrs. L. D. Moulton, Mrs. B. Heywood, Mary 
Moran, Helen Bolger, Mrs. Wm. Millham, and Mrs. L. Whitte- 
more, Mrs. C. C, Bicknell, C. F. Nealy and F. A. Stiles. 
Feeding Horses: 

C. C. Bicknell, Earl Hurlburt, L. B. Bolger. 
Transportation. 

E. H. Smith, R. O. Wilder, C. Schillhammer. 
Amusements : 

Mrs. H. H. Higgins, Florence Bicknell. 
Ushers : 

H. P. Hall, E. W. Fay, F. Bliss, F. Perrigo. 

AT JERICHO CORNERS. 

Reception Committee: 

Judge and Mrs. C. S. Palmer, Rev. and Mrs. Cashmore, 
Rev. and Mrs. Nutting, Mr. and Mrs. L. F. Wilbur, Mr. and 
Mrs. Frank P. Percival, Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Byington, Mr. and 
Mrs. Herbert Hutchinson, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Tomlinson, Mr. 
and Mrs. Frank K. Howe, Mr. and Mrs. L. C. Rice, Mr. and 
Mrs. Warren Buxton, Mr. and Mrs. W. V. Ring, Mr. and Mrs. 
G. B. Hulburd. 
Committee to see that churches, streets and houses are decorated : 

Mr. and Mrs. S. E. Curtis, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Buxton, Mr. 
and Mrs. F. A. Percival, Mr. and Mrs. H. T. Chase, Mr. R. B. 
Field, Miss Julia Porter. 
Committee on care of teams : 

A. P. Byington, F. K. Howe, D. E. Rood, W. V. Ring, 
Henry Desany, Bert Gomo, Mr. Pettingill. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 23 

Marshals : 

George Costello, Andrew Johnson, D. Bissonette, Charles 
Scribner, O. H. Brown, James Saflford, A. Fitzsimonds, B. C. 
Hawley, Irving Irish, F. ,S. Jackson, Bailey Brown, E. Varney, 
M. Fitzgerald, W. E. Buxton, Lloyd Hulburd. 



Chapter IV. 
EXERCISES OF AUGUST THIRD. 

In commemoration of the 150th year of the charteral exis- 
tence of the town, the people of Jericho gathered in their churches 
Sunday, Aug. 3, 1913, to listen to special music and historical 
addresses as a suitable way to begin the celebration of this im- 
portant event. 

The service at the Congregational Church, Jericho Center, 
10 : 30 a. m.. Rev. S. H. Barnum, Pastor, had the following : 

ORDER OF SERVICE. 
Organ Voluntary 
Call to Worship 
"Holy, Holy" 

Invocation, closing with Lord's Prayer 
Hymn of Praise 
Responsive Reading 
Recital of Beatitudes 
Gloria Patri 
Scripture 
Anthem 

Pastoral Prayer 
Notices and Offering 
Hymn 

Historical Address — ^Rev. Frank W. Hazen 
Hymn 

Closing Prayer 
Benediction 
Postlude 

The audience was large and enthusiastic. The historical 
address is given in full. 



24 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

* * * * 

FRANK W. HAZEN, ADDRESS. 

I. Samuel 12:24. Only fear Jehovah, and serve him in 
truth with all your heart ; for consider how great things he hath 
done for you. 

One hundred and fifty years are not long in the SO centuries 
of fairly authentic history by which the progress of mankind 
may be traced. Yet this last century and a half is of greater 
moment in the history of this earth, has wrought mightier 
changes among men, has witnessed greater progress than the 
preceding 50 centuries. 

One hundred and fifty years ago these United States, of 
which we are so proud as the greatest nation upon which the 
sun shines or ever shone, had no thought of ever being a nation, 
they were wilderness, the abode of savage beast or of red men, 
or contented colonies of the Mother Country, England. One 
hundred fifty years ago this beautiful region of the Green Moun- 
tains, to the human eye, had not the slightest prospect of ever 
becoming an independent state, as she became 14 years later 
for the 14 years prior to her admission into the Union in 1791, 
had not the slightest prospect of becoming one of the great 
sisterhood of states to which she has belonged these 122 years. 

Here were the New Hampshire Grants. The controversy 
with New York was just on the verge of becoming acute, but 
at that time the settlers were in the peaceful possession of their 
grants, and had no thought of any attempt at dispossession, no 
thought even of the change of jurisdiction from New Hampshire 
to New York. This town, as far as we know, was unbroken 
wilderness, without a white man within its limits, and with the 
red man having here no settled habitation, only passing through 
the forests to hunt or fish or go on a foray. Mount Mansfield 
lifted his majestic head and kept his eternal watch at our back 
door, much as today. Bolton Mountain acted as our sentinel to 
the East. From the summit of Birch Hill the Indian, by climbing 
a tree, might have caught a glimpse of Lake Champlain, shimmer- 
ing in the light of the setting sun. Lee River, Brown's River, and 
Mill Brook, though known by other names, if known by name at 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 25 

all, flowed as they now flow, only with larger volumes, the Wi- 
nooski River alone presumably bearing the name by which we 
now know it, and flowing through the southern part of the town, 
as described in the charter. Is there anything else that the pass- 
ing traveler of 150 years ago would recognize today? A few 
forests he might recall, but he might not look upon one tree that 
was familiar to him in the whole town. A few weeks ago I 
rambled over "The Rocks" and looked for the old oak tree 
which we boys used to climb and under which we used to play, 
^but could find only a decayed stump. Over at the old parsonage 
two trees remain, not very different from what they seemed 35 
years ago, but at least one of the older trees is gone, and the 
trees that were four or five inches through at that time are grown 
beyond all recognition now, and one has grown to a good size 
and fallen, and only its stump is there. This beautiful park in 
front of the church, with trees of considerable size today, was a 
bare "Common" 35 years ago, with three separate baseball dia- 
monds, one in front of the church for the young men, one in 
front of the store for the middle-sized boys, and one down in 
front of the old parsonage for the small boys. One hundred and 
fifty years ago, yes 120 years ago, the "Common" was not a com- 
mon at all, it was wilderness, with not even the stake set for the 
location of the church building, and it was not until 1795, 32 years 
after the town was chartered, that the town voted to "procure 
four acres of land for a green around the meeting house stake," 
and chose a committee of three to lay out the land for a meeting 
house green, and "voted that the three heads of classes see to 
chopping and clearing off the land for the public green the pres- 
ent summer." Within the short space of 120 years the "green" 
has changed from virgin forest to cleared land with a church in 
the center, to a "common" with baseball fields, and back again 
to a beautiful grove. Not all the forest land has changed so 
much, but it is safe to say that none of it is quite as it was 150 
years ago, and most of the land in the town is entirely different 
from what it was then. Streams and springs the same, but with 
smaller volume, hills the same, only deprived of their virgin 
forests, plains and valleys the same, only so different as to be 
unrecognizable without their miles and miles of unbroken forest, 
the skies the same, the climate milder, if we are to believe the 



26 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

common judgment regarding the old-fashioned winters; every- 
thing changed, much for the better, we are sure. The solitary 
wilderness has become the pleasant abode of some 1,300 pros- 
perous, contented, intelligent, useful citizens of a great republic. 
If it be true that man is the measure of the universe, that the 
worlds have value because man gives value to them, that this 
earth was wrought out of the void to be the home of man, then 
making this 6 square miles of wilderness into homes for men was 
simply continuing the great work of creation, making the earth 
bear the fruit it was intended to bear, pressing onward God's great 
plan for the world. 

We are not to recite today the story of these 150 years, we 
shall listen to that story from more eloquent lips next Tuesday. 
Nor are we today to tell the story of the 122 years of organized 
church life here. That story is printed for the first 100 years, 
and with the record of the last 22 years you are more familiar 
than the speaker. We are rather concerned today with some les- 
sons which may be gleaned from the story of this church, we 
are concerned with the divine plan and purpose in the past and 
for the future. You know it is said history is not completely 
written until it becomes His story. 

Two things have deeply impressed me in my knowledge of 
this church and community as they were a generation ago, as acr 
cording to my observation I believe they have been since, as re- 
viewing the history of the town since its organization in 1786 
seems to reveal them. Some may have difficulty in reconciling or 
explaining these two somewhat contradictory elements in the 
story ; nevertheless, I think I am right in giving them as character- 
istics to be observed here in an uncommon degree. They are these : 
First, that the dominant influence in this community in all these 
years has been this First Church of the Town of Jericho, and 
second, that the support of this church has been one long story 
of struggle and sacrifice, heroic struggle and heroic sacrifice. 

First, then, this church has dominated, has moulded this com- 
munity. I remember very well the habit we boys had, when we 
were driving to Richmond with' father, or from Richmond, of 
looking back, or looking forward, from the hills beyond the old 
Elliot farm for the last glimpse or the first glimpse of the steeple 
of this church. And that habit has not forsaken me now. I would 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 27 

do the same thing today if I were to drive over that road. About 
three months ago I rode on the train from Essex to Cambridge, 
the first time in a good many years, and a little above the Corners, 
I looked out of the car window over in this -direction. I do not 
know whether there was in the dim recesses of my memory 
some faint recollection that it might be so, or whether it simply 
came to me then and there that it might, — ^but there was the spire 
of this church, the only sign that there was any village in this di- 
rection, and it looked beautiful to me, and I called the attention 
of my companions in the car to it, — as far as I know they had 
never heard of Jericho Center before. Less than a month ago 
my brother Austin was taking the same trip, and he told me what 
a surprise it was to him that the steeple could be seen from there. 
He had entirely forgotten the fact, if he had ever known it. Not 
less surely has the influence of this church dominated this com- 
munity for the last 120 years than its beautiful spire has domi- 
nated the landscape for the last 35. Some people may seem to have 
forgotten it, to their inestimable loss, its influence may not have 
been what it might have been if men's minds had all and always 
been set on the things that are true and good and beautiful, and 
they have not been, any more than their eyes have always been 
open to the beauties of the earth about them. Nevertheless this 
church has been here, standing for the things of Christ, and has 
been a perpetual reminder, even to the careless, even to those 
who think they have forgotten such things, or would forget them 
if they could, that the divine life is the true life and is the life 
worth while, that the things that are not seen, the things that are 
eternal, are the real things, that God has something great and good 
for his children now, and something greater and better for them 
in the greater future. 

In the early days the connection between the town and the 
church may have seemed more vital than it has been since. Even 
before the organization of the church, which you recall was in 
1791, the town voted in 1786, the year of its organization, to ap- 
point a committee for the purpose of providing preaching the en- 
suing year. In 1788 the town chose a committee to hire a candi- 
date, and voted to raise money to pay a candidate for preaching 
two months. In April, 1789, the town "voted to hold meetings 
of public worship at the usual places, viz. : at Deacon Rood's and 



28 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Capt. Bartlett's," and in September of the same year "a town tax 
was granted to pay Rev. Mr. Parmelee for preaching the past 
season, 6 pounds 5 shillings, 10 pence." In March, 1790, the 
town chose a committee to hire a candidate to preach on proba- 
tion for settlement, and in September of the same year the town 
voted to give the candidate secured, Ebenezer Kingsbury, a call 
to settle in the work of the ministry, and voted "200 pounds law- 
ful money settlement, including the first minister's right of land, 
and 35 pounds lawful money salary for the first year, and to rise 
with the list until it amounted to 80 pounds," which was to be 
the stated salary. The church was organized in March, 1791, 
and June 22 of that year a council met to ordain Mr. Kingsbury, 
when the church voted to give Mr. Kingsbury a call to settle in 
the gospel ministry, presumably because the call by the town 
was not deemed by the council sufficient. But even after the or- 
ganization of the church the town had the finances in charge. 
In November, 1791, the town voted that "three pounds lawful 
money be allowed for providing for the 'Ordaining Council last 
June'." In the succeeding years a number of votes of the town 
are recorded regarding the places for meeting for public worship 
and preaching. In 1794 the towm voted to build a meeting house, 
and chose a committee of five to set a stake for it. But that 
church was not paid for by the town, for in 1795 the town "voted 
to build a rneeting house by selling the pews at public vendue at 
the next adjourned town meeting." Three weeks later that 
meeting was held and the pews bid off, those who bid, I suppose, 
becoming "the proprietors" of the meeting house, the progenitors 
of the more modern "Society." But it is not very clear just 
what of its rights the town gave up, for a town record in 1800 
reads, "Opened a meeting of the proprietors of the meeting 
house. Voted to sell the gallery pews." "The remainder of the 
proceedings of the proprietors of the meeting house will be re- 
corded in their clerk's office." But the town certainly used that 
first meeting house for all its town meetings, and in 1837 by the 
payment of $200 gained the right, a right which it still enjoys, to 
use for that purpose the basement of the new church. 

Did the town at first dominate the church, until the church 
grew strong enough to dominate the town? The fact that the 
town took such interest in the church shows that even then the 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 29 

church dominated the town. Remember that the church is more 
than the church organization, the Christian church was here with 
its leavening influence when the first Christian man, Azariah 
Rood, settled here in 1774, and it continued here in all those try- 
ing years before the organization of the church (except during the 
Revolution, when all the inhabitants had to leave). That the 
town voted so consistently for the support of preaching is proof 
enough that it was dominated by Christian ideals, that the real 
church was having its say. The town was a church. And I 
doubt if there has been a time in all these 127 years since the or- 
ganization of the town, whether there was any church build- 
ing or not, whether the church stood in the center of 
the green or on its northern edge, whether it had a dome or a 
spire or only a plain unadorned roof, — I doubt if there has been 
a moment in all these years when the most conspicuous as well 
as the most mighty influence in this community has not been the 
Christian church. I know it was in the 15 years of my boyhood 
that were spent here. I believe it was before and has been since. 

You will think of the school, — and we are glad to see a bet- 
ter school than we ever thought of seeing here ; and we will not 
say one word against the influence of the American public school. 
It is very great and very good. But it is not belittling that influ- 
ence to say that the influence of the church is greater and better 
and more necessary. Dr. Hillis says you might as well expect to 
cleanse the water of typhoid germs by painting the pump in har- 
monious colors as expect to cleanse the human heart by culture 
of the brain. Education, culture, the training given in the schools, 
have had a good part in making this community what it is, but 
not the best part. It is the church, that has held up continually 
and conspicuously and mightily the high ideals, and been 
the minister of the power to make those ideals effective, that 
have redeemed the life of this community and made the name of 
Jericho Center dear to so many of us. 

But we must go on to the second characteristic that we 
named, that the support of this church has been one long story 
of heroic struggles and sacrifice. It was not easy for those 
hardy pioneers out of their poverty to give 80 pounds for the sup- 
port of their first minister. It was not easy for them to raise 
the, for that day, very large sum of $4,000 to pay for the first 



30 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

meeting house. It was not easy a generation later to raise a like 
sum to build the original brick church. Many of us remember 
the struggles of 35 years ago to raise nearly $5,000 to remodel 
that old brick church and fashion this one which was thought 
to be very beautiful then, — I remember hearing it often spoken 
of as one of the most beautiful of country churches, and it is 
beautiful today. 

It has never been easy here in this scattered community to 
pay a minister a living salary. In the printed history of the 
church it is plainly stated regarding four of the ministers that 
they. were dismissed "for want of proper support," or because 
"they could not raise the salary," or because "the salary paid is 
not enough to command the best talent or help to the best work, 
and God's blessing cannot be expected." (In the manuscript 
copy of that history my father wrote in lead pencil. "Most min- 
isters have left for the same reason.") Meagreness of the sal- 
ary and the difficulty of raising that is undoubtedly the cause of 
the large number of short pastorates here, — ^22 pastors in 122 
years, the three remaining longest being here 20, nearly 18, and 
7 years, and the next longest, your present pastor, who has been 
here nearly 6 years. Do not think that I am casting it up against 
the church that they have not paid more; I am rather trying to 
show how hard the struggle has been. I believe the church has 
done nobly to pay what it has paid. 

It is no disgrace to be poor. At Burlington last June Dr. 
Cadman congratulated the University of Vermont on being poor. 
I believe it was Senator Dolliver who declared a few years ago, 
"If I had $10,000 and a boy, I should keep them apart." It is 
not the colleges who have had most, nor the boys who have had 
most, that have amounted to the most ; nor is it the churches that 
have had the largest number of liberal givers and paid the larg- 
est salaries and. raised them the easiest that are most worthy of 
the Lord's words, "Well done, good and faithful servant." 

And not all the struggle and sacrifice have been on the 
financial side, — ^that has been the least of it. Some years ago a 
member of a wealthy church was remarking upon how hard a 
poorer church had to work to continue self-support, and a mem- 
ber of the poorer church replied "But we love our church." 
There is the case in a nut-shell. It is human nature, — or divine 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 31 

human nature — , to love that for which we have sacrificed. And 
the sacrifice of luxuries and even comforts that the support of 
this church has cost has been transformed into a deeper love for 
the church, and for the Christ whose the church is. The heroic 
devotion that has entered into sustaining the Sunday School, the 
prayer-meeting, the missionary societies, the choir, as well as 
the stated public worship and the private living of the gospel, 
if it could all be known, would seem the larger element of the 
sacrifice. It is this that God sees, and it is this that has given 
the church its power in this community. It is this that has really 
proved the church Christ's church, proved that it stands for the 
things for which His life stands, love and truth and service and 
sacrifice. It is this that proves that God has been working in 
this community through His church to lift it out of a selfish 
worldliness, the seeking of comforts, enjoyments, wealth and 
luxury for their own sake, into the divine unworldliness that 
seeks to use the kingdoms of the world and all their glory for 
the upbuilding of the divine character of Jesus Christ in the 
community and in the men and women and children of the com- 
munity. And looking at the achievements of the years, achieve- 
ments through sacrifice, who shall say that one sacrifice here 
for the church and for the work of God has been in vain, has 
been too great? Who will not say that the greatest glory of 
these 150 years has been the sacrifice made here for the love of 
God and His church? 

And now a word as to the future. What of the future 
for this little church and village and community among the hills ? 
Let us come back to the words of our text, the words of the aged 
Samuel to Israel as they were starting out in a new and untried 
way: "Only fear Jehovah, and serve him in truth with all your 
(heart ; for consider how great things he hath done for you." All 
the great things of which the history of these 150 yearg can boast 
are simply what God has done for you and through you. Can 
you doubt that still greater achievements await the descendants 
of the fathers, IF THEY BUT FEAR THEIR FATHERS' 
GOD, AND SERVE HIM iN TRUTH WITH ALL THEIR 
HEART ? if they keep the church, the work, the kingdom, the will 
of God dominant in the community, and if they serve the church. 



32 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

the work, the kingdom, the will of God with the same devotion 
and sacrifice that the fathers did? 

As a motto for the next century and a half, for church and 
town, I want to give the burden of Joaquin Miller's poem, "Co- 
lumbus," of course with its deepest spiritual implications: 

Behind him lay the great Azores, 

Behind the gates of Hercules ; 
Before him not the ghost of shores. 

Before him onlx shoreless seas. 
The good mate said: "Now must we pray. 

For lo! the very stars are gone. 
Brave admiral, speak, what shall I say?" 

"Why, say. Sail on! sail on! and on!" 

"My men grow mutinous day by day ; 

My men grow ghastly wan and weak." 
The stout mate thought of home ; a spray 

Of salt wave washed his swarthy cheek. 
"What shall I say, brave admiral, say. 

If we sight naught but seas at dawn ?" 
"Why, you shall say at break of dawn, 

"Sail on ! sail on ! sail on ! and on !" 

They sailed. They sailed. Then spake the mate: 

"This mad sea shows his teeth tonight. 
He curls his lip, he lies in wait. 

With lifted teeth, as if to bite ! 
Brave admiral, say but one good word; 

What shall we do when hope is gone?" 
The words leapt like a leaping sword : 

"Sail on! sail on! sail on! and on!" 

Then pale and worn, he kept his deck 

And peered through darkness. Ah, that night 
Of all dark nights ! And then a speck — 

A light ! A light ! A light ! A light ! 
It grew, a starlit flag unfurled ! 

It grew to be Time's burst of dawn. 
He gained a world ; he gave that world 

Its grandest lesson : "On ! sail on !" 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 38 

The following quotation is made from the Jericho Reporter: 
"The regular morning service at the First Congregational 
Church, at Jericho Center, was one of rare interest. The ser- 
vice was in charge of the pastor, the Rev. S. H. Barnum. The 
Rev. Carlton Hazen read the lesson and the Rev. Charles E. Hay- 
ward offered prayer. The sermon was largely historical and was 
delivered by the Rev. Frank W. Hazen. Mr. Hazen is a son of 
the Rev. Austin Hazen, pastor of the church for 20 years. Hav- 
ing spent his boyhood days here, he was able to recount many 
early experiences and bring vividly before his hearers the scenes 
and happenings of those days. 

There was another remarkable service at the Methodist 
Church, Riverside, 10 :30 a. m. Rev. A. H. Sturges, pastor. 

ORDER OF SERVICE. 
Hymn 

The Apostles' Creed 
Prayer, Rev. W. E. Cashmore 
Anthem 

Responsive Reading 
Gloria Patri 

Scripture, Rev. C. A. Nutting 
Notices 
Hymn 

Historical Address, Rev. E. J. Ranslow 
Special Music 
Doxology 
Benediction 

There was an afternoon union service also at the Baptist 
Church, Jericho Comers, 1 :30 p. m., Pastor, Rev. C. A. Nutting, 
B. D., with this order of service : 
Prelude 
Hymn 
Invocation 
Music 

Scripture, Rev. Wm. Cashmore 
Prayer, Rev. A. H. Sturges 
Response 



34 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Notices and OfJfering 

Music 

Historical Address, Rev. E. J. Ranslow 

Doxology 

Benediction 

Postlude 

It is a personal regret that this address of Mr. Ranslow's 
cannot be printed in full. He had agreed to rewrite and forward 
from his home at Sea Breeze, Florida, but illness and death pre- 
vented his doing as contemplated. All who heard it will remem- 
ber it as most inspiring and as highly patriotic. The Reporter 
has this to say about Mr. Ranslow and the memorable 



ADDRESS. 

The historical sermons at Riverside and at Jericho Corners 
were preached by the Rev. E. J. Ranslow, a grandson of the Rev. 
Simeon Parmalee, for many years a preacher in this community. 
His text was Proverbs 22-28: "Remove not the ancient land- 
marks, which thy fathers have set." 

Some of the landmarks which the preacher thought ought 
not to be removed are courage, reverence and the Bible. In 
speaking of the efforts of our forefathers to maintain places of 
divine worship, he made mention of one small town which ac- 
cording to town records appropriated $8,000 to build a meeting 
house and afterward made yearly appropriations to keep up ser- 
vices. He spoke of the deprivations and hardships of those early 
times and paid high tribute to the sturdy character thus developed 
and tempered in Vermont. 

The grand finale of Sunday's services was a sacred concert 
at Jericho Center with the following program : 
Organ Prelude, The Pilgrims' Chorus. (Wagner) 

Mrs. H. H. Higgins 

Opening Chorus. Praise Ye The Father Full Chorus 

Scripture Reading. Psalms 47 Rev. Wm. Cashmore 

Hymn, No. 662, Pilgrim Hymnal 

Chorus and Congregation (Standing) 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 35 

O God, beneath Thy guiding hand, 

Our exiled fathers crossed the sea; 
And when they trod the wintry strand, 

With prayer, and psalm they worshipped Thee. 

Thou heard'st, well pleased, the song, the prayer ; 

Thy blessing came; and still its power 
Shall onward, through all ages, bear 

The memory of that holy hour. 

Laws, freedom, truth, and faith in God, 

Came with those exiles o'er the waves ; 
And where their pilgrim feet have trod. 

The God they trusted, guards their graves. 

And here Thy Name, O God of love. 

Their children's children shall adore. 
Till these eternal hills remove, 

And spring adorns the earth no more. 

Solo, "Let Us Have Peace" Mrs. B. C. Hawley 

Double Quartet, "Let Every Heart Rejoice and Sing, 

Chorus, "Exalt His Glorious Name Full Chorus 

Prayer Rev. A. H. Sturges 

Duet Miss Eva M. Cady 

Mrs. J. H. Safford 
Solo, "Christ the Lord Is Risen Today, (by request) 

Mr. Fred A. Percival 

Ladies' Quartet "Come Unto Me" 

Mrs. B. C. Hawley, Mrs. F. A. Percival, Mrs. L. C. Rice, Miss 
Helen Cashmore 

Chorus, "O Be Joyful in the Lord" FuU Chorus 

Scripture, Psalm 67 Rev. C. A. Nutting 

Hymn, No. 684, Pilgrim Hymnal 

Chorus and Congregation, (standing) 

Let children hear the mighty deeds 
Which God performed of old; 

Which in our younger years we saw, 
And which our fathers told. 



36 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

He bids us make His glories known, 
His works of power and grace ; 

And we'll convey His wonders down, 
Through every rising race. 

Our lips shall tell them to our sons, 

And they again to theirs. 
That generations yet unborn 

May teach them to their heirs. 

Thus shall they learn in God alone 

Their hope securely stands. 
That they may ne'er forget His works. 

But practice His commands. 

Solo, "Rock of Ages" Mrs, M. A. Buzzell 

Male Quartet, "Beyond the Horizon" 

Messrs. L. D. Moulton, F. A. Percival, P. H. Brown, Dr. G. B. 

Hulburd 

Chorus, "To Thee O Country" Full Chorus 

Salute to the Flag (As the opening strains of America, are 
played on the organ, the chorus and congregation will rise 
and recite together, the pledge of allegiance to flag and coun- 
try, and remain standing until close of service). 
We pledge allegiance to our Flag, and to the Country for which 
it stands. One Nation, indivisible; with liberty and justice 
for all. 

National Hymn. "America" Chorus and Congregation 

Benediction Rev. S. H. Barnum 

Postlude Mrs. H. H. Higgins 

Ushers — Frank B. Brown, Earl Kinney, Earl Hurlburt, Harry 

Hoskins 
The writer wishes to add, that, while he has listened to the 
rendering of musical programs in other gatherings of national 
and even international nature, nothing has" ever given him the 
pleasure and satisfaction experienced in the splendid rendition of 
this sacred concert. Weeks of depressing drill, fully compen- 
sated by one short hour of sweet realization, under the sway of 
the magic wand, the fine art, music. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 37 

Concerning the sacred concert the Jericho Reporter has this 
to say : 

"In the evening the whole town joined in the rendering of a 
sacred concert of very high merit. More than 300 people gath- 
ered at an early hour in the church and listened with rapt inter- 
est as one number after another of the program was given. A 
chorus of 30 voices, led by E. B. Jordan and F. A. Percival, sang 
several songs with much expression. Mrs. B. C. Hawley, Mrs. 
M. A. Buzzell and F. A. Percival each sang solos. A quartette 
of ladies and another of gentlemen sang selections which were 
greatly enjoyed. Mrs. H. H. Higgins and Miss Florence Buxton 
played the organ. In closing the audience rose and joined in a 
salute to the flag and sang 'America.' " 

As the people returned to their homes they were drenched 
with rain, which storm seemed however to clear the skies, and the 
weather for the week proved to be ideal. 



Chapter V. 
EXERCISES OF AUGUST FOURTH. 

Monday evening, at Riverside, in the G. A. R. Hall was given 
the beautiful drama "A Rose O'Plymouth Town" by the young 
people representing the following characters : 
Miles Standish, Captain of Plymouth, . . . Mr. C. Harold Hayden 

Garrett Foster, of Weston's men Mr. Carl E. Nay 

John Margeson, of the Plymouth Colonists . Mr. Ralph W. Smilie 
Philippe de la Noye, of the Plymouth Colonists, 

Mr. Harlie F. Ross 
Miriam Chillingsley, Cousin to the Captain Miss Hazel E. Knight 

Barbara Standish, Wife of the Captain Miss Hope Scribner 

Resolute Story, Aunt to the Captain, . . Miss Madeline Schweig 
Rose de la Noye, Sister to Philippe Miss Olive L. Hayden 

Place: — Plymouth in New England. 

Period :— 1622-1623. 

This play was repeated Thursday night at Jericho Corners 
and Friday evening at Jericho Center. The play was one of the 
4 




Madeline Schweig. Hazel B. Knight. 

Olive Lucile Hayden Janes. Alma Hope Sckibner. 

Lady Characters of "A Rose O'Plymouth Town." 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

9.00 a. m. — Band Concert 
10:00 a. m. — Historical Episodes 
10:30 a. m. — Exercises in the Church 
Music 

Welcome Address by B. H. Day 
Historical Address by L. F. Wilbur 
12 :00-l :45 — Intermission for dinner 
1 :00 — Band Concert 
1 :45 — Brief Speeches by former residents, Rev. S. H. Barnum, 

presiding 
3 :00 — Address by Pres. G. P. Benton of the University of Ver- 
mont 
The Westford Cornet band discoursed the finest of music. 
There was a Loan Exhibition at the Village Hall which was 
a genuine surprise and ought never to have been dismantled. Of 
this and the Historical Episodes we quote Mrs. Harriet H. Hig- 

gins. 

* * * * 

ANTIQUE EXHIBITION. 
By H. H. Higgins. 

The Loan Exhibition connected with the Old Home Day 
feature of the Jericho Town and Celebration at Jericho Center, 
was a great undertaking and also a great success, adding much to 
the enjoyment of the day. It was visited by several hundred 
people on that day, and many came on other days of Celebration 
week. 

There was a general feeling of surprise that so many articles 
of interest and value could have been brought together in so short 
a time. The old Universalist Church, now being transformed 
into a Neighborhood Hall by the ladies of Jericho Center, proved 
an admirable place to display the articles on exhibition. 

The committee having the matter in charge was composed 
of the following members: Mrs. Harriet H. Higgins, Mrs. 
Cora W. Chapin, Jericho Center; Mrs. Addie Tomlinson, Jer- 
icho; Mrs. Alice Hayden, Mrs. Medora Schweig, Mrs. M. C. 
Hale, Riverside. They were ably assisted by Mrs. G. C. Bick- 
nell, Mr. W. C. Field, Miss Belle Havens, and Mr. and Mrs. 



40 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Frank Brown. Among the many interesting things exhibited 
may be noted two catalogues of the old Jericho Academy, dated 
about the year 1836. Among the names familiar to the older 
resident of the town, appeared that of Simeon Parmelee, a 
trustee; Simeon Bicknell, teacher; Torrey E. Wales, Edgar and 
Lucius Lane and sisters, Mary, Lyman and Truman Galusha, 
pupils. Among the military relics was a sword carried in the 
Battle of Lexington loaned by Mrs. Geo. B. Hulburd, and a can- 
non ball picked up after the Battle of Plattsburg. Old miniatures 
and portraits were looked upon with interest, among them being 
one of Jedediah Lane, the first college graduate from the 
town of Jericho, being a graduate of Dartmouth. There were 
also portraits of Mr. and Mrs. Martin Barney and of Joseph 
Brown, wife and daughter, who were first settlers of the 
town. As illustrating the industries of our ancestors and the 
works of art, we would especially notice a framed landscape in 
needlework, done by a Miss Rawson in 1830, which attracted 
great attention. 

There were several collections of beautiful hand wrought 
laces in veils and collars, bead bags,, linen and hand woven silk 
fabrics, collars and muslins elaborately embroidered. Rare old 
woven blankets were hung on the walls of the hall, and two lines 
of beautiful patchwork quilts extended through the center. ■ 
At one side were new collections of china and furniture and on 
the other household implements, the use of many of which is 
entirely unknown to the younger generation. There were old 
records, some of which were in the handwriting of Lewis Cha- 
pin, the first town clerk, and a book containing ear marks by 
which the cattle pasturing on the Village 'Green' were identified, 
loaned from the present town clerk's office. There was a fine 
collection of pewters, among them being the first communion ser- 
vice used in the First Congregational Church. A lovely Lowe- 
stoft teapot over 150 years old, loaned by Mr. Marcus Hoskins, 
was among a collection of old china. 

An old box known to have belonged to the family of Pere- 
grine White, the first white child born in New England, was 
loaned by Mrs. Kate B. Isham, who is a direct ' descendant. 

A word may be allowed regarding the historical scenes en- 
acted on the porch of the hall, as a sort of spectacular opening of 




EnTKANCE to PAEK, JeRICIIO CteNTEK. 

In the Park. 

Collection of Antiques at Celebration. 

The three ladies from left to right are: Mrs. Harriet Higglns, Mrs. 
Melinda Hall Pease, Mrs. Adelia Rice Bicknell. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 41 

the Loan Exhibition, and at the same time giving a bit of old 
time coloring to the festivities of the day. 

A series of pantomimes illustrating events in the early his- 
tory of the town, were arranged and carried out by Mrs. Har- 
riet Higgins and her assistants. The first represented the 
signing of the deed given by Lewis Chapin to the town, convey- 
ing four acres of land to the town of Jericho for a "green," pro- 
viding the church be located there, and certain houses which 
had been put up near "Birch Hill" be taken down and removed 
to this spot which he deemed more suitable for a settlement. 
The part of the donor was taken by the great grandson of this 
Lewis Chapin, who bears his name. 

The second scene. The Country Doctor, represented an old 
time living room in which various industries, as spinning, winding 
yarn from swifts, churning, rug making, apple stringing, piecing 
of quilts, etc., were being carried on. A little girl was taken 
sick and the doctor was sent for in haste, who came on horseback 
with his saddle bags and administered powders and pills in the 
old-fashioned way. A boy had the toothache which was re- 
lieved by the doctor twisting out the tooth with a turnkey. 

In the third scene, Capt. Elon Lee, the first singing master 
who taught singing school in Jericho, appeared. In addition to 
the dozen people already on the porch, three ancient dames drove 
up to attend the school. They were followed by a lovely bride 
riding on a pillion behind her husband, who also joined the class. 
When all were assembled the class sang 'Cousin Jedediah,' which 
was followed by a duet, sung by Capt. Elon Lee and Mrs. Dea- 
con Azariah Rood, (Mr. B. G. Brown and Mrs. Adelia Rice 
Bicknell) entitled "When You and I Were Young, Maggie." An 
old time song was also sung by Mr. Marcus Hoskins. 

After these pantomimes the Loan Exhibition was thrown 
open to the public. And after all, among the many pleasant fea- 
tures of the Celebration the pleasantest, and the one whose fra- 
grance will be the most enduring was the return and reunion of 
old friends. 

Among the former residents of the town, who were present 
only a few names can be mentioned, as follows : Joel Bartlett of 
Shelburne, Rev. Carleton Hazen of Kensington, Conn., Rev. 
Frank Hazen of Johnson, Rev. and Mrs. C. E. Hayward of Ben- 



42 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

son, Mrs. Miriam Lane Parker of Essex Junction, Mrs. Mira 
Stiles of Morrisville, Mr. and Mrs. Noriris Ransom of Brattle- 
boro, Dr. Edwin E. Graves of Penacook, N. H., Mr. and Mrs. 
Henry Hall, Mrs. I. C. Stone and Mrs. W. N. Pierce, Mrs. Hat- 
tie Bixby, Mr. and Mrs. Freeman Wood and Henry Vancor of 
Burlington, Mrs. Laura Chapin Button of Royalton, Mr. and 
Mrs. J. B. Williams of Holyoke, Mass., also Mr. and Mrs. R. B. 
Williams of Holyoke, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Bradford of St. Al- 
bans, James E. Barney of Boston, Mrs. Dr. Hopkins of Water- 
bury, Mrs. Frank Castle of Vergennes, Dr. and Mrs. Hill of Wi- 
nooski, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Church of Rutland, Byron Ward of 
Des Moines, Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Church of Jonesville, Mr. and 
Mrs. R. B. Galusha of Winchester, Mass., Dr. C. A. Pease of 
Burlington. The Register shows names from Massachusetts, 
Connecticut, Iowa, Baltimore, Florida, New York and Idaho. 
May we have another Old Home Day in the not too distant 
future. 

The address of welcome by Pres. Buel H. Day was most 
fitting and appropriate and was much appreciated by the visi- 
tors. The historical address by LaFayette Wilbur was a rich 
contribution to the exercises of the day and is printed in full. 



Mr. President, and Ladies and Gentlemen : 

The past is great, and when we forget it we are unwise ; we 
need now and then to return to it as the spent tide returns to the 
deep, that we may renew our strength and gain fresh momentum 
for out future work. As one writer has said, "Live upon the 
past, in the present, for the future." 

When we look to the early days of Jericho we see through 
all this region and through all Vermont, then called the New 
Hampshire Grants, the little clearings, the small log houses that 
had been made and erected by the hardy pioneers. Those were 
brave and hardy men and true women who left their more com- 
fortable homes in Massachusetts and Connecticut and came hither, 
then a dense wilderness, to subdue the forest and make for them- 
selves homes and help to establish the noble state of Vermont. 
With all the experience they had passed through, they did not 
know the sacrifices they would have to make and the dangers to 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 43 

which they would be exposed, surrounded as they were by hostile 
bands of Indians and British foes. 

The territory now known as Vermont was originally a part 
of the Province of New Hampshire, held and governed by Great 
Britain during the reign of King George III. Benning Went- 
worth, Esq., had been commissioned governor and commander- 
in-chief of that province. Great Britain, under King George, 
for the encouragement of settling a new plantation, with the ad- 
vice of the provincial governor, granted to Edward Burling and 
65 others a parcel of land by meets and bounds containing 23,040 
acres, a tract of land six miles square, and lying easterly of the 
town of Essex ; and by the grant it was incorporated into a town- 
ship by the name of Jericho ; and by this grant or charter, bear- 
ing date June 7, 1763, it was declared that "as soon as the said 
town should consist of fifty families a market might be opened 
and 'kept ; and the first meeting for the choice of town officers 
should be called by John Burling and should be held on the 14th 
day of July, 1763 ; and it provided that the. annual meeting for- 
ever thereafter for the choice of such officers for said town shall 
be on the second Tuesday of March annually." There is no 
record that said meeting was ever called or held, and undoubtedly 
it never was. 

It does not appear, if it was known, where the 66 grantees 
resided at the time the charter or grant was issued, but evidently 
they had in view the making of Jericho their home, sometime. 
Down in 1777 all the grants issued by Governor Wentworth, west 
of the Connecticut River, were called and known as New Hamp- 
shire Grants, such lands had been occupied by Indian tribes, and 
then claimed by the Iroquois residing at the south end of Lake 
Champlain and other Indian tribes living in Canada, as their hunt- 
ing grounds. The first settlers in Jericho came from the western 
part of Massachusetts in 1774. They were Roderick Messenger, 
who lived on Onion River near where the highway leading from 
Jericho Corners intersects the Onion River road; Azariah Rood, 
who located on the farm known now as the Edgar Barber place, 
and Joseph Brown, who located and built his log house near Un- 
derbill, a little south of the river bearing his name, near a high 
bank east of the highway, a few rods northeast of the house 
where Elmer Irish now resides. These three men and their 



44 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

wives were hardy, brave pioneers. It took uncommon fortitude 
and courage to leave old neighbors and friends and go far into a 
wilderness with a family of small children to establish a home 
and endure all the fatigues, privations and dangers incident to so 
great an undertaking. 

Let us look at the dangers and difficulties that these pioneers 
had to meet. Brown had hardly begun to secure to himself and 
family the comforts of life before the Revolutionary War with 
Great Britain was on, and dangers and "hardships multiplied. 
Brown, with other purchasers, had received title of their lands 
through the grant from Governor Wentworth. New York 
claimed all the land west of the Connecticut River as belonging 
to that state, and claimed that deeds and grants of land that were 
based on the title derived from Governor Wentworth were in- 
valid, and sought to make the owners pay for their lands a second 
time. New Hampshire, on account of the claim of New York, 
abandoned the contest, and withdrew their protection of the set- 
tlers who had paid for their lands and left them to contend with 
New York alone. The Indians were set on by the British to 
terrify the hearts of the pioneers and rob them of their posses- 
sions. At the same time the British army then in Canada sought 
to invade Vermont from the north. The hardships and dangers 
to which the pioneers were exposed were soon to be realized. In 
1777, Joseph Brown and his family were captured by the Indians 
and taken to Isle aux Noix at the north end of Lake Champlain 
to the British military camp, but they were not very closely 
watched as prisoners and they made their escape in about three 
months and returned to their home in-'Jericho, and were left un- 
molested for about three years. On the 16th of October, 1780, 
a force of hostile Indians from Canada aided by the British of- 
ficers, made their way up Onion River valley and to Royalton, 
and laid in ashes the village of that town and burnt down the 
houses and barns in that vicinity, and took the defenseless in- 
habitants prisoners, both men and women, and their families. 
The Indians, on their return, divided on Onion River in Bolton; 
one division went down the river to Lake Champlain with their 
prisoners and made their way back to Canada, while the other 
division passed over through Jericho to the residence of Joseph 
Brown. Before they found his house and family, the Indians 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 45 

captured one Gibson who had been hospitably entertained by 
Brown for some time while hunting in that section. This cow- 
ardly wretch told his captors that if they would release him he 
would" lead them where they could get a whole family. The In- 
dians agreed to this and were shown the locality of Brown's log 
cabin; six savages entered the house and took prisoners Mr. 
Brown and his wife and so many of his family as were there. 
A man by the name of Old, residing with Brown, seeing the In- 
dians enter the house, jumped from a window and escaped to the 
family of Roderick Messenger in the south part of the town. 
At the time the Indians reached the house Brown's two boys, 
Charles and Joseph, 19 and 16 years old respectively^ were not at 
home, but they returned at night and were also taken prisoners by 
the Indians who were lying in wait for them. The Indians, after 
securing their prisoners, including Gibson who had betrayed the 
Brown family, killed the cattle, sheep and hogs belonging to 
Brown, set fire to the house and the meager furniture, and made 
their way with their prisoners to Canada. On their journey 
thither the Brown family suffered much from harsh treatment, 
hunger and fatigue. On their arrival at St. Johns they were sold 
to British officers at eight dollars a head and were retained as 
prisoners nearly three years, and were kept at hard labor as ser- 
vants and scouts, and allowed but miserable fare. The two sons. 
Charles and Joseph escaped in the spring of 1783, and returned to 
their home in Jericho where their parents joined them after they 
were released on the declaration of peace between Great Britain 
and the United States. The said Charles Brown was the father 
of Zina and Luther Brown who lived in this vicinity, whom I 
knew. The former became a Methodist minister and the latter 
lived in the brick house in Jericho now standing near the ceme- 
tery at Underbill Flats. The said Joseph Brown, the brother of 
Charles, was the grandfather of Henry M. Brown, who now 
lives near the place where the two boys were captured. The 
mother of Buel H. Day, our President, was the daughter of said 
Joseph Brown. 

At this date the position of the few people who had come to 
Jericho and vicinity to make their homes was dangerous in the 
extreme, almost amounting to rashness, as an invasion by the 
British army from Canada was daily expected and thought prob- 



46 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

able. Ira Allen, one of the leaders of the Green Mountain Boys, 
warned Roderick Messenger and the other pioneers of their im- 
minent danger, and advised them to remove to the southern part 
of the state and leave vacant their lands and homes till the danger 
should be passed. Messenger and others heeded the advice, 
Messenger loaded his family and his limited belongings into 
a boat and went down Onion River to the lake and on to the 
southern part of the state. 

In 1776, when the Revolutionary War was on, forty men of 
Capt. John Fassett, Jr.'s, company, under Lieutenant Mathew 
Lyon, were stationed at the Block House in Jericho, but they 
abandoned it on the retreat of the Continental army from Can- 
ada. The officers of the company, including Lyon, were accused 
of cowardice for abandoning the post without orders, and were 
tried by court martial and convicted and cashiered. This con- 
viction was said to have been unjust. For that small number 
of men to have stood their ground, when our army was retreat- 
ing before the British up the lake, and meet the British in battle, 
would have been something more than courage — sheer foolhardi- 
ness. It is said that Lyon's conviction did not injure his reputa- 
tion in Vermont, as he was afterwards made commissary-general 
and colonel, and twice elected to Congress in Vermont. 

As soon as the Revolutionary War was over, the first three 
families returned to their homes that they had been compelled so 
unceremoniously to leave; others began to immigrate hither, 
among whom were Nathaniel Bostwick who located near Under- 
bill, now called Riverside, Thomas D. Rood and Lewis Chapin 
who located south of the center of the town, Daniel Hutchinson, 
the grandfather of James H. Hutchinson, David T. Stone, 
Gaius Pease, George Butts and Jedediah Lane who located on 
Lee River, Abel Castle, Daniel Hale, Peter McArthur, Captain 
Joseph Hall, David Stanton, Leonard Hodges, Benjamin 
Farnsworth, Jonathan Castle, Noah Chittenden, John Lyman, 
Sr., Arthur Bostwick, Truman Barney, Martin Chittenden and 
many others. 

Just imagine the true state of affairs and the condition of the 
early comers who had to make a beginning by building a rude log 
house, for there were no sawmills by which to manufacture lum- 
ber ; their houses and barns were of the most primitive kind, the 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 47 

crevices of which were chinked with moss and clay, a stone fire- 
place, wooden hinged doors with a wooden latch lifted by a string 
from the outside, and wooden hooks and pegs for the gun, and on 
which to hang hats and frocks ; the gun used to obtain wild meat 
for the family; then commenced the clearing of the land by the 
use of the axe; log heaps were burned to clear a little patch 
of ground on which to raise a little rye, corn and potatoes. For 
the first few years these immigrants had a hard struggle to live, 
even if they escaped sickness and accidents ; they had no schools 
or church privileges and no mills in which they could grind their 
grain for the family. For many years lumber, if they obtained it 
at all, had to be hauled a long distance. 

In 1786 a move was made to organize the town. Hon. John 
Fassett, a judge of the Supreme Court, legally warned a meet- 
ing of the freeholders and other inhabitants of Jericho for March 
22, 1786, for the purpose of choosing town officers. At that 
meeting James Farnsworth was chosen moderator and justice of 
the peace, and Lewis Chapin, town clerk; and at an adjourned 
meeting held on the 13th of June, 1786, selectmen, treasurer 
and highway surveyors were chosen. 

One of the first matters on which the town took action was 
the making and improving of highways. The town voted, on Oc- 
tober 4, 1786, "to petition the Assembly to grant a tax on land in 
the town, to cut roads and build bridges," and in 1787, the town 
voted to accept the road from Essex line to Underbill and also 
the bridge by Mr. Jedediah Lane's house. In the early days' 
of the state it was a common practice for the towns to build their 
highways over the hills, instead of avoiding the steep grade by go- 
ing around, as the road built by the town from Underbill village 
nearly in a direct line over by the present dwelling places of 
Arthur H. Packard and Carl Schillhammer to Onion River, 
shows. The town from the first to the present time has shown a 
commendable interest in laying out new highways and in keeping 
them in repair. In 1786, the town obtained a permit from the 
Assembly to choose a member to attend the Assembly. 

The people of Jericho, from the first, took a deep interest 
in the religious education of her people, and they did not depend 
upon voluntary contributions to maintain public worship. The 
necessary funds were provided by raising a tax on the grand list 



48 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

of the town. In 1789, the town, quoting, "voted to draw the 
money out of the town treasury to pay for what preaching we 
had the year past," and also chose a committee of three to pro- 
vide preaching in future. On September 7, 1790, the town "voted 
to have Ebenezer Kingsbury as their minister," and voted as a 
salary "35 pounds for the first year, and rise till it shall amount 
to 80 pounds per annum." And on October 4, 1790, "voted that 
the 200 pounds (for ordination purposes and settlement) be 
raised within one year after his ordination, in neat cattle or 
grain or material for building, at the common going price among 
use" ; and "that the first settled minister have forty cords of wood 
delivered at his door, he finding the wood." Mr. Kingsbury re- 
mained the pastor of the church at the Center until 1808. Evi- 
dently small inconveniences did not stand in the way of attend- 
ing public worship, in those days, for in March, 1791, the town 
"voted to meet for public worship on the Sabbath at William 
Smith's barn for the future." Down to 1794 no place had been 
selected on which to build a house for public worship, but on 
the 2nd of October of that year it was voted "that every man 
write his place for a meeting house and put it into a hat." The 
voters not agreeing they chose a committee of three to set a stake 
for a meeting house, and selected Amos Brownson of Williston, 
Samuel Bradley of Essex and Phineas Loomis of Burlington as 
such committee. The record is silent on the action of the com- 
mittee, but I infer they put the stake on the Green in front of 
the present Congregational Church, for on June 3, 1795, the town 
"voted that the town procure four acres of land for a Green 
around the meeting house stake." Subsequently a frame house 
of public worship was built on the Green and was taken down in 
the year 1835 or 1836 by Anson Field, Sr., when the present 
brick church building took its place. When Mr. Field took the 
old church building down he cut out a block from a post of the 
frame that has been preserved as a relic and is now in the posses- 
sion of his son Burton. On the block is written in the hand writ- 
ing of said Anson Field, the following record : "This piece of oak 
is a part of the post in the frame of the first meeting house ever 
built in the town of Jericho. Preserved by Anson Field, Sr., 
who took the frame down." 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 49 

Soon after the organization of the town in 1786, immigration 
to the town was quite rapid. There is a long list of men and their 
wives and families that have contributed to the welfare of Jer- 
icho, and some of whom have been prominent in conducting the 
affairs of the town. Too much credit cannot be given, especially 
to the older residents who have passed on to their reward, for the 
work they accomplished in coming hither and clearing their 
farms and making beautiful homes that may now be seen in all 
parts of the town. We who in later years have lived in the midst 
of plenty and modern surroundings cannot adequately realize the 
sacrifices made by the pioneers of the town. 

It would be interesting to notice the changes and improve- 
ments that have been made in implements that were in use by the 
people, both men and women, in the several industries in the early 
history of the town and state. The spinning and flax wheel, 
swifts, reel and loom which the wives and daughters in the 
early history of Jericho were compelled to use to manufacture the 
wool and flax into cloth for family use, have been superseded by 
the machinery of our factories, run by water power, steam, elec- 
tricity or other power. Instead of the old-fashioned, unsuitable 
plow, harrow, scythe and sickle that the early farmers were 
compelled to use, the improved plow, harrow, the mowing ma- 
chine and the reaper and binder have taken their place. It may 
be a matter of interest to the young to know what the elderiy 
men and women of the town have done. It is a fact that older 
people know that the cloth from which the family was clothed, 
in the early days of Vermont, was made from material spun and 
woven by the wife and daughters of the family. Mr. Burton 
Field of this town has in his possession several different pieces 
of fine cloth that were spun and woven by Mrs. Arthur Bostwick 
and her mother about 100 years ago, and some fine silk cloth 
made and woven by them, — silk from cocoons grown by them in 
Vermont. But upon these topics I cannot dwell. 

An incident, in the early days of Jericho, took place on Lee 
River near Beartown (so-called) that may be of interest to re- 
late. One Casey who had lived near neighbor to David T. 
Stone, Gains Pease and George Butts, pioneers, for some offence 
that he claimed his son had committed, took the son to the woods 
at night and after a cruel whipping left him tied to a tree until 



50 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

his screams brought a neighbor to his relief. The next day Billy 
Young and a Mr. Prouty, who appeared to Casey as the executors 
of the law, proceeded with the "Beach Seal" and rawhide well 
laid on and changed the spirit of Casey to a milder form. George 
Butts, Gaius Pease and David T. Stone stood near by approv- 
ingly, till they were satisfied that a genuine conversion had taken 
place. 

On October 29, 1789, the Vermont Council concurred in an 
act passed by the General Assembly for holding the County and 
Supreme Court at Jericho, but I do not find these were actually 
held there. The United States gave the people of Vermont no 
postal or mail service till 1792. Previous to that all of the 
postal facilities were under the control of the state authorities. 
For a time, and down to 1792, the settlers of the town had the 
benefit of a post rider from Clarendon, — ^Jericho was the end of 
the mail route. 

In 1791, without an enabling act of the legislature, the town, 
in town meeting, took action to set off a part of the inhabitants to 
another town ; the records say, "voted that the neighborhood on 
Onion River in the south part of this town be immediately set off 
to join the southeast society in Williston"; "then the question 
was put, the town viewing it reasonable, that they should be set 
off and considering them as dismissed." And in 1792, it was 
voted "to run the line between this town and a certain grant of the 
town which has heretofore been set off to the southeast society 
in Williston." While such action of the town would not legally 
change the geographical bounds of the town, it evidently was the 
purpose of the town to relieve certain inhabitants from paying 
taxes upon the grand list of the town and from contributing to 
the support for religious services in town, (for, previous to this 
action of the town it was voted in town meeting "that the neigh- 
borhood on Onion River in the south part of the town should have 
their money refunded, which they might pay towards the settle- 
ment of Mr. Kingsbury over and above what the public rights 
amount to at a time when they shall be legally set off by author- 
ity to unite with another society.") In the early history of the 
state and of all New England the ecclesiastical power was greater 
and more arbitrary than at the present time. The inhabitants of 
a precinct which belonged to some church were not bound by 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 51 

territorial limits. The parish was composed of persons who 
united under the charge of a particular priest, clergy or minister, 
and the church was controlled and expenses for maintaining it 
were voted and raised by the town in town meeting, and the town 
assumed the right to set the individuals from the society or church 
in one town to another society in another town and release them 
from taxation in the town from which they were transferred. 

Jericho, from the time of its organization, has endeavored 
to provide for its poor. The mode and practice in caring for them 
for some time might be regarded questionable. Each year the 
keeping and caring for the poor was disposed of at public sale and 
struck off to the lowest bidder, and under this way of caring for 
them they received unjust treatment, and the custom was subject 
to just criticism. In the year 1860 the town united with other 
towns in the county in a union poor farm association where the 
poor are well treated and humanely provided for under proper 
supervision at a large farm located in Williston. In the early 
history of the town it was the practice that if any person came to 
reside in town, whom the authorities thought might in the future 
become poor and liable to be supported by the town as a pauper, 
he was immediately warned to depart from the town before he 
had time to gain a residence. The process of the warning was 
directed to a sheriff or the constable and signed by a selectman, 
and read as follows : "By the authority of the State of Vermont 
you are commanded to warn (naming the person or family) now 
residing in the town of Jericho immediately to depart said town." 
This process was served upon the person which prevented his 
gaining such a residence in town as would make the town liable 
for the support of the person warned in case he became pauper. 

In 1794, under the act of the legislature, the town of Rich- 
mond was formed out of the lands of Bolton, Huntington, Jer- 
icho, and Williston, whereby Jericho lost 5,000 acres of territory. 
The town of Jericho was surveyed into three divisions and gen- 
erally divided into lots of 100 acres each, and numbered. Some 
of the lots in the third division contained but thirty acres each. 

On March 27, 1799, it was voted in town meeting to divide 
the town into school districts, and subsequently it was divided in- 
to 15 school districts; and from an early day the children of the 
town were given a chance at the common schools of the town 



52 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

conveniently near their respective residence, and such schools 
were kept up until the town system took its place in the year of 
1870. At Jericho village there is a large and commodious graded 
school building, also one at the Center village at present where 
the school is of a sufficiently high grade to fit pupils for a collegiate 
course. The old academy building, built in 1825, now standing 
on the south side of the Green at the village at the Center, deserves 
more than a passing notice. The academical school in this building 
went into successful operation in the spring of 1827, when Simeon 
Bicknell, A. M., became the principal and continued to be its prin- 
cipal for five years, and he was succeeded by S. J. Marsh, and 
Marsh was followed by John Boynton, Rev. Ebenezer Kingsbury, 
James T. Foster, a Mr. Hale and others. The Academy build- 
ing and the ground, forty feet square where it stands, was given 
by deed by Lewis Chapin on the 6th day of September, A. D. 
1825, which deed is recorded in Vol. 4, on page 500 of the land 
records of Jericho. The deed does not expressly name a grantee, 
but the legislature on the 28th day of October, 1828, passed an 
act of incorporation by which Harvey Smith, Nathaniel Blacks 
man, Wm. P. Richardson, Simeon Bicknell, Hosea Spaulding,- 
Simeon Parmelee, Septimus Robinson and Seth Cole and their 
associates and corporate, the trustees and members of Jericho 
Academy, were empowered to hold property, real and personal, 
including library. 

It is pleasant to know that there were many men and women 
educated for life's duties there; men who went out from school 
and town who became eminent in business and professional life; 
among others, we can refer to Charles C. Parker who became an 
able preacher; Aaron B. Maynard, who became an able lawyer, 
and located at Richmond, Vt., and later at Detroit, Michigan; 
George Bliss of Jericho, who afterwards was a member of Con- 
gress from Ohio ; Luke P. Poland who became Chief Judge of the 
Supreme Court of Vermont and United States Senator, and later 
Member of Congress from the 2nd Congressional district of Ver- 
mont ; John A. Kasson, an eminent lawyer and statesman in Iowa. 
There were also educated at this academy, Dr. George Lee Ly- 
man, James and John Blackman, Ada L. Lane, Lucius L. and 
Edgar H. Lane, RoUin M. Galusha and Joel B. Bartlett Jericho 
men ; Torrey E. Wales, who for more than 25 years was a judge 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 53 

of Probate Court for the. County of Chittenden ; Professor Joseph 
S. Cilley, who became one of the leading educators in Vermont, 
and was for many years principal of the academy at Underbill 
Center in its most flourishing days, when I first knew him as my 
teacher, and afterwards for many years principal of the academy 
at Williston, and still later the principal of the academy at" Bran- 
don, Vt., and closed his work as teacher at the high school build- 
ing at Jericho village in fitting pupils to enter college. All of 
these men made a good and honorable record in their various 
callings. 

As early as 1835 and 1836 there were many worthy women 
educated at said Academy while James T. Foster was principal. 
Among whom were Betsey M. and Lucinda Bartlett, Eliza and 
Mary Blackman, Lucy Crane, Sarah S. Chapin, Lydia I. Galusha, 
Charlotte B. Gibbs, Lorain and Lydia Griffin, Charlotte Lyman, 
Lydia Nash, Fanny Prouty, Mary Reed and Lavilla and Sarah 
S. Stiles. Those were times when board including room, wash- 
ing and lights were furnished to pupils attending the school for 
$1 to $1.25 per week. 

There were other buildings which require special notice, 
which I will niention later. On Lee River, in the eastern part 
of the town, there was a saw mill built at an early day in the his- 
tory of the town, just above where said Stone and Butts lived, 
operated successively by Daniel Hale, Joseph Butts, Samuel An- 
drews, Edgar A. Barney, Warren Fellows and J. E. Burrows, 
which was taken down in 1908. And on the said river, between 
Jericho Center and the village of Jericho there was a large fac- 
tory building used for many years by Ephraim Styles as a fulling 
mill and carding works, and later occupied by Oliver Whitmarsh 
and Lyman Stimson for the manufacture of furniture and 
coffins, still later George Wright and Lyman and Stimson changed 
the building into a saw mill and a wheelwright shop. Wright 
soon thereafter sold out his interest to Stimson who continued 
the business for many years, but that building was destroyed by 
fire, and Stimson removed to Wisconsin. 

As the inhabitants increased in numbers, a village grew up 
at Jericho Center which held its primary importance for some 
time, and is a fine residential place. Later and for many years, 
Jericho Corners situated near the western side of the town at 
6 



54 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

the falls on Brown's River, owing doubtless to its water power 
facilities, became the largest and the most flourishing village of 
the town, in a business line. There are six fine water falls and 
sites at and near Jericho village. Quite early in the history of 
that village a mill for carding wool and a factory for the manu- 
facture of cloth were erected just below the lower bridge that did 
extensive business for many years. The carding works were 
run mainly by Truman Barney and his sons. A distillery for the 
distilling of whiskey and New England rum to supply the trade 
in those days for the "pure article" was established by Frederick 
Fletcher and located between the present dweUing house of 
Charles K Percival and the railroad trestle, and was operated 
for many years, but the distilling of those drinks there ceased 
more than sixty years ago. Below the lower bridge a saw mill 
was built about the year 1830, by Joseph Sinclair, and since that 
time it was successively owned by eight different men, but was re- 
cently swept away by high water, and the granite shop of Joseph 
Williams has taken its place. There was a grist mill built of 
stone by John Bliss as early as 1820, at the falls on Brown's 
River on the site where Warren E. Buxton's manufacturing es- 
tablishment of small wood articles now stands. The mill was 
greatly changed and improved and run by John BUss and David 
Oakes, and later it was owned by John Bliss, George B. Oakes 
and Truman Galusha. This was the only grist mill in this sec- 
tion of the country for many years, to which the people for many 
miles around brought their grain to be ground. This mill was 
afterwards owned by George B. and William E. Oakes, and run 
by them till about 1870, when it was changed into a pulp mill, and 
later run as a chair factory by Henry M. Field. At the next mill 
site above this mill there was a large factory and a saw mill 
where an extensive business in the manufacture of pumps and 
tubing was carried on by Simon Davis and later by Henry M. 
Field and Anson Field for many years. Just above the pump 
works, across the river, another saw mill was built at an early day, 
by David Oakes and later owned by Wm. E. Oakes and through 
successive conveyances came to Stephen Curtis, the present owner. 
At the upper bridge that spans Brown's River, at the place 
known as Benajah C. Buxton's mill site, there was a grist mill, 
oil mill and saw mill built on the south side of the river about one 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 55 

hundred and ten years ago by Uriah Howe. This grist mill, oil 
mill and saw mill, were probably the first mills of the kind that 
were built in town, and the grist mill was conveyed by Uriah 
Howe to Charles Howe and David Oakes in 1808, and the saw 
mill was conveyed to Brigham Howe and David Oakes at the 
same time, and David Oakes conveyed his interest in the grist 
mill to said Charles Howe. Some time previous to 1819 Howe 
and Oakes took down the old mills and rebuilt the saw mill, but 
not the other mills. In 1826, Secretary Rawson deeded one- 
half acre of land on the north side of the river below the bridge 
where E. B. Williams' saw mill now stands, to Bradley and Stev- 
ens, who built a mill thereon for grinding bark, later a mill for 
making tubs and other articles took its place. These mills on 
both sides of the river, through many intervening conveyances, 
came to Benajah C. Buxton, and he after running the saw mill 
for about forty years, conveyed the same to John Early and 
James Gribbin in 1873, and they put in at one end of the building 
a mill for grinding grain, and those mills were used by them for 
grinding grain and manufacturing lumber for several years and 
conveyed through several conveyances, to Fred W. and William 
M. Buxton, and while they were the owners of them the floods 
came in 1892 and washed away the bridge and all of the mills on 
both sides of the river, but in 1893 they built a new saw mill and 
a box factory on the south side of the river and conveyed the 
same to Eugene W. Curtis, but in 1900 they were destroyed by 
fire and they have never been rebuilt. About the year 1854 
James H. Hutchinson, who had returned from California with 
considerable money, built the present grist mill and flouring mill, 
just above the lower bridge, and since that time it has beCn suc- 
cessively run by him, H. A. Percival and Clark Wilbur, L. B. 
Howe and Ferdinand Beach, L. B. Howe and Frank B. Howe, 
Moses S. Whitcomb, and the present owner Charles F. Reavy. 
While this mill was operated by L. B. and Frank B. Howe, ma- 
chinery was put in for making flour by the roller process. It was 
one of the first mills in New England that manufactured flour by 
that process. 

The dwelling house that was owned by Homer Rawson for 
many years, and where he resided at his death in 1900, standing a 
little east of Jericho village, should be mentioned as an early 



56 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

landmark. It was built by Uriah Howe before 1811 and pur- 
chased by Secretary Rawson about the year 1816, who occupied 
it till his death in 1842 and has always been kept in the Rawson 
family. It had served as a hotel, a place for holding religious 
meetings before the brick church was built, and for pleasure 
parties, and farm house. There was formerly a large hall in 
the house that was suitable for public gatherings. The house 
has been kept in a fine state of repair to this day. 

The village of Jericho Has suffered from several disastrous 
fires. In the year of 1874 the harness shop of Orlin Rood and 
the old Beach & Howe store that stood on the south side of Main 
Street were destroyed by fire, but the harness shop was rebuilt 
by Rood, arid a large and commodious store was erected on the 
ground where the old store stood by W. N. Pierce. In 1903, 
the new harness shop then owned by D. E. Rood, and the new 
store built by Pierce, together with the adjoining tin shop and 
dwelling house of Joseph Bissonette were reduced to ashes and 
have not been rebuilt. Again, in 1904, the Barney Tavern, (so- 
called) erected about 100 years ago, as one of the first buildings 
of the village, and kept by Erastus D. Hubbell, John Delaware, a 
Mr. Stanton, James McNasser, and others, and later for a long 
time by Martin C. Barney and his brothers, was consumed by the 
flames together with an adjoining grocery building and. the hotel 
barns while owned by William Folsom. Again, the dwelling of 
Allen A. Chesmore and his grocery store and the post-office and 
drug store of E. B. Williams just east of the old Barney tavern 
stand, were destroyed by fire in the year 1906, and have not been 
rebuilt. 

Riverside, and"that part of Jericho known as Underbill Flats 
deserves notice. Arthur Bostwick, as early as 1825, built the 
hotel that was widely known as the Bostwick House, and was 
kept by him and later by his son-in-law Rufus Brown. It was a 
popular place for travelers and teamsters transporting freight 
from Burlington towards the northeastern part of the state be- 
fore the days of railroads. Guests were there welcomed and 
hospitably entertained. Later it was kept by L. M. Dixon and 
greatly enlarged by him and known as Dixon's Hotel. It was 
beautifully located. It was kept for many years for the accom- 
modation of summer guests. Soon after Dixon's death in 1886, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 57 

it was destroyed by fire in 1890 and not rebuilt. A steam saw 
mill for the manufacture of lumber, was built at Riverside about 
the year 1876, by Gilbert and Robinson, but it and another that 
took its place were destroyed by fire. The last was burned in 
1912, but has been rebuilt by H. H. Howard. The rebuilding of 
the mills shows the commendable enterprise and purpose to keep 
the business running. 

In 1906, the Methodist Church, which was built in 1850, 
Dr. W. S. Nay's drug store and a nearby dwelling house were 
burned, but they have been rebuilt. These calamities, — dis- 
astrous fires, — show that misfortunes do not all fall in one lo- 
cality or on any one person. In the year 1887 there was built at 
that village in Jericho, by Homer Thompson, a mill for grinding 
grain and it is still run for that purpose, but it has changed 
owners several times. There are two church buildings at that 
village in Jericho, — a. Methodist and an Episcopal Church. At 
the Center there have been two church buildings, the Congrega- 
tional and Universalist. The Congregational Church has had a 
prosperous life from the start. The Universalist Society for 
many years maintained preaching and had a prosperous society, 
but they have not held meetings in their church building for sev- 
eral years and their building, erected in 1848, has been sold and 
used for other purposes. On the 21st day of April, 1817, a branch 
of the Baptist Church in Essex was set off and organized as a 
church in Jericho. Meetings were held one-half of the time at 
the Corners and the other half at the Center, or at the south part 
of the town. After the Academy building was built at the Center 
in 1825, the Baptists held meetings in the lower story of that 
building for some time. In 1843, thirty-nine persons were set off 
and organized into a church called the Second Baptist Church of 
Jericho, later known as West Bolton Church. The Baptist 
Church of Jericho that was organized in 1817 had no church edi- 
fice till 1825 or 1826. The Free Will Baptists had an organiza- 
tion in town the fore part of the nineteenth century, but they 
had no church edifice, but the spiritual interests of the people 
were looked after for many years by Rev. Edward Fay. 

The brick church building standing on the church common 
at Jericho village has a prominent place in the history of the town. 
It was built in the years 1825 and 1826 by the Congregational and 



68 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Baptist Societies on land given for that purpose by Dr. George 
Howe, and from that time it was. occupied by each of those so- 
cieties on ahernate Sabbaths till 1858, and no other permanent 
place for public worship existed in that part of the town till 
1858, when the Baptist and Methodist Societies each erected a 
building for themselves. Soon after this the brick church build- 
ing became very much out of repair, and the Congregational So- 
ciety in 1876 and 1877 made extensive repairs on it at the ex- 
pense of over $3,000, and have held and sustained religious 
services therein ever since that time, and the church is in a pros- 
perous condition. 

There are two well cared for cemeteries in town, one at the 
Center and the other at Jericho Village and they have been the 
place for the people to bury their dead for nearly seventy-five 
years. The people in both sections of the town have taken com- 
mendable interest in keeping the cemeteries in a suitable con- 
dition, and in providing funds to keep them so in future. 

In 1874 the town bonded in the sum of $23,000 to aid in 
building the Burlington and Lamoille railroad extending from 
Burlington to Cambridge Junction, which was paid, and the town 
is free from debt. 

Several qi the residents of the town have been honored by 
the voters of the county. John Lyman, in 1852, David Fish in 
1858, Andrew Warner in 1862, and E. H. Lane in 1878, were 
elected and served as assistant judges of county court. And 
Jamin Hamilton in 1848, E. H. Lane in 1867, C. M. Spaulding 
in 1876, Buel H. Day in 1884, E. C. Fay in 1894, and John E. 
Smith in 1910 were elected and served as county state senators. 
Mathew Cole was not only the fourth Representative of the town 
in the Vermont Legislature, but he was Probate Judge for 
Chittenden County for the years 1795 and 1796. Martin Chit- 
tenden was not only the first representative of the town in the 
legislature after the state was admitted into the Union ift 1791, 
but on Dec. 7, 1790, he was chosen a member for the state con- 
vention to be held at Bennington on the first Thursday of January, 
1791, to take into consideration and adopt the Federal Constitu- 
tion of the United States. He also was Governor of the state 
from 1813 to 1815, and Judge of the Probate Court for the 
County of Chittenden from 1821 to 1823. During the war with 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 59 

Great Britain from 1812 to 1815 he was severely criticized for not 
giving his permission, as governor, for the Vermont militia, as a 
body, to leave the state to join the land forces at Plattsburg in op- 
posing the British army there. The criticism was unjust as Ver- 
mont was exposed to British invasion as well as New York, 
Noah Chittenden not only represented the town in the Assembly, 
but was Judge of Probate for the county in the years of 1811 and 
1812. Noah Chittenden was also a member of the Vermont 
Council from 1801 to 1812 and Sheriff of Addison County in 
1785 when that county extended to Canada line, and Sheriff of 
Chittenden County after that county was created from 1787 to 
1790, also side judge of Chittenden County from 1804 to 1811 — 
the next oldest son of Gov. Thos. Chittenden. Asahel Peck was 
• one of Vermont's noblest men. I have been delighted to sit at 
his feet and hear him discourse upon the law like as Paul was at 
the feet of Gamaliel. He was judge of the Supreme Court of 
Vermont from 1861 to August 31, 1874. He came to reside on 
his farm in the south part of the town about the year 1870 and 
while residing in Jericho he was elected governor of the state 
September 1, 1874, and served two years in that office. He was a 
wise and conservative governor. 

The following named lawyers located and practiced their pro- 
fession in Jericho: Martin Post was the first lawyer who prac- 
ticed in Jericho ; then Jacob Maeck, a man small in stature, but an 
able lawyer and exceedingly quick at repartee. It is said of him 
that while trying a case his manner of handling it was annoying to 
the attorney opposing him. He finally said to Maeck that if he did 
not quit the annoyance he would pick him up and put him in his 
pocket. Maeck quickly replied that, "if you do, you will have 
more law in your pocket than in your head." Maeck after a few 
years of practice here removed to Burlington. David A. Smalley 
located and practiced his profession at Jericho for several years, 
and went from there to Lowell, Vt., and resided there for a few 
months, and then moved to Burlington. He was a leading light 
in the Democratic party, both in the state and nation. He not 
only was an able lawyer, but was appointed judge of the United 
States District Court for Vermont by President James Buchanan, 
Jan., 1857, and held that position for many years and until his 
death. Frederick G. Hill practiced law at Jericho village for sev- 



60 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

eral years and then moved to Burlington. He had a thorough 
knowledge of the law, but was rough in his language and de- 
meanor. While he was practicing law in this town he spent one 
night at Williston.and came home in the gray of the morning. On 
his way home he thought he saw a deer in the bushes near the 
highway. He made use of his rifle that he carried in his car- 
riage and killed the animal, which turned out to be a calf that be- 
longed to a man near by. Hill made his peace with the owner 
by paying for the calf. E. R. Hard followed Mr. Hill in the 
practice of the law here. Mr. Hard was not only an able lawyer, 
but a successful practitioner; he also moved to Burlington and 
afterwards became state's attorney and state Senator for the 
county. (I commenced the practice of the law in Jericho in 1857, 
and have continued the practice there ever since that time, to , , 
the present, except twelve years from 1882 to 1894, when I prac- 
ticed in Burlington. Six students studied and fitted for the prac- 
tice of law in my office. I also wrote and published a four vol- 
ume history of Vermont during the years of 1899, 1900 and 
1902). C. S. Palmer commenced the practice of law in Jericho 
in 1872 and continued it to 1882, when he was appointed 
by President Arthur as assistant United States District Attorney 
for the territory of South Dakota, and afterwards was appointed 
United States Judge for that territory. M. H. Alexander prac- 
ticed here for a few years, and P. M. Page is still here. (There 
have been two other lawyers who have practiced in town). 

There have been many able and worthy physicians who have 
resided and practiced their profession in Jericho. The first the 
writer has any information of were Dr. Matthew Cole and Dr. 
Eleazer Hutchins; Dr. Hutchins settled here in 1791, and was 
surgeon of the regiment that was engaged in the Battle of Platts- 
burgh in 1814. Dr. George Howe who settled here in 1810 and 
practiced here 46 years; Dr. Rawson commenced his practice 
here in 1816 ; Dr. Jamin Hamilton, Dr. F. F. Hovey, W. W. B. 
Kidder; Doctors B. Y. Warner, Denison Bliss, A. F. Burdick, 
W. S. Nay, A. B. Sommers, F. H. Cilley, E. P.. Howe, George B. 
Hulburd, A. S. C. Hill, Lewis D. Rood, H. D. Hopkins, Jesse 
Thompson, I. M. Bishop,. D. L. Burnett, M. O. Eddy, J. E. 
Thompson, George W. Belden and Horace N. Curtis practiced 
their profession here. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 61 

Of those who have greatly contributed to the business pros- 
perity of the town as merchants, there should be named as hav- 
ing carried on mercantile business at Jericho Village, Frederick 
and Thaddeus Fletcher, John Bliss, George B. Oakes, L. B. Howe, 
Ferdinand Beach, O. H. Shaw, Vespasian Leach, Azariah B. 
Remington, George Hill, L. P. Carleton, H. A. Percival, Henry M. 
Field, John Percival, W. N. Pierce, Charles Suiter and E. B. Wil- 
liams. And at the Center the mercantile business' was estab- 
lished about 100 years ago by Pliny Blackman and he was fol- 
lowed by Frederick Fletcher, Erastus Field, Henry C. Black- 
man, E. H. Lane, said Lane and Pierce, E. H. Lane and his son 
E. Frank Lane, E. B. Jordan and Henry Jordan under the firm 
name of Jordan Brothers, all on the west side of the Common, 
and James Morse, W. T. Lee, Cyrus C. Lane, John Stimson and 
Osman and Orin Stimson on the south side of the Common. 
Horace C. Nash carried on that business in a small way at Nash- 
ville for several years, just previous to his enlisting in the army 
in the War of the Rebellion. The tannery business was success- 
fully run at the Center village by Silas Ransom for a long term 
of years from about 1830 to 1870, and by David Fish at Jericho 
Village. 

There has never been but one hotel kept at the Center 
Village, and it stood on the ground where George Cunningham 
now resides near the northwest corner of the Green, and was 
probably built not later than 1802, though I have been unable to 
ascertain the exact date. It was first kept by Moses Billings and 
afterwards by Edwin Hard and Charles Hilton and was destroyed 
by fire, and none since that time has been built in this village. 
For a good many years business in the grocery line, as well as 
many other kinds of business that go to make up flourishing vil- 
lages, have been carried on by many different persons at Jericho 
Village, Riverside and at Jericho Center. 

The first newspaper published in Jericho was printed at 
Jericho Village in 1882, and for 16 years thereafter, by Arthur D. 
Bradford. It was first called the "Chittenden Reporter" and after- 
wards the name was changed to the "Jericho Reporter." It was 
started as a four page paper but enlarged to an eight page, six 
column paper. In 1888 L. H. Roscoe established and printed a 
rival paper called The Green Mountain Press. This paper also 



62 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

was published at Jericho Village for 16 years. Both of those 
papers after each being published here for 16 years, have been 
published at Essex Junction and are now published by the Essex 
Publishing Company. 

The political elections in Jericho have been conducted from 
the commencement, with the usual party spirit, but without leav- 
ing any lasting bitter feeling. The first Representative was 
Jedediah Lane, chosen in 1786. From first to last there have 
been 56 different men chosen to represent this town in the Ver- 
mont Legislature. Thomas D. Rood received five elections, 
James A. Potter received six elections, and Martin Chittenden 
eight elections for that office. Here follow the names of all the 
Representatives to the present time with the years that each 
served as Representative respectively, (viz. : Jedediah Lane, 1786 ; 
James Farnsworth, 1787; Lewis Chapin, 1788; Matthew Cole, 
1789; Martin Chittenden, (8) 1790 and 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794, 
1795, 1797 and 1802; Noah Chittenden, (4) 1796, 1812, 1813 and 
1814; Thomas D. Rood, (5) 1798, 1799, 1805, 1816 and 1821; 
James A. Potter, (6) 1800, 1801, 1803, 1804, 1806 and 1808; 
Solomon Fay, 1807; Arthur Bostwick, 1809; Eleazer Hutchins, , 

(2) 1810 and 1811 ; Herman Lowrey, 1815; William P. Richard- 
son, (3) 1817, 1818, 1823; Thomas Chittenden, (son of Noah), 

(3) 1819, 1820, 1833; Oliver Lowrey, 1822; Gideon O. Dixon, 
(3) 1824, 1825, and 1826; Truman Galusha, (4) 1827, 1828, 1830 
and 1832; William A. Prentiss, 1829; Erastus Field, (2) 1835, 
and 1836; Lyman Field, 1837 and 1838; Andrew Warner, (2) 
1839 and 1840; Labina Bliss, (2) 1841 and 1842; Albert Lee, (2) 
1843 and 1844 ; David Fish, 1845 and 1846 ; Hiram Day, 1848 and 
1849; Lucius S. Barney, 1850 and 1851; John Smith, 1853 and 
1854 ; Leet A. Bishop, 1855 and 1856 ; Elijah B. Reed, 1857 and 
1858; H. O. Gibbs, 1859; U. S. Whitcomb, 1860; E. H. Lane, 
1862; L. L. Lane, 1864; L. B. Howe, 1868; Adrian S. Lee, 1870; 
Buel H. Day, 1872; Gordon Smith, 1874; Orlin Rood, 1876;- 
Jesse Gloyd, 1878; C. S. Palmer, 1880; M. V. Willard, 1882; 
Isaac C. Stone, 1884; D. E. Rood, 1886; H. W. Packard, 1888; 
E. C. Fay, 1890; Lucian H. Chapin, 1892; Martin H. Packard, 
1894; Frank B. Howe, 1896; E. B. Jordan, 1898; W. S. Nay, 
1900; John A. Smith, 1902; George M. Willard, 1904; Chauncey 



HISTORY OF JERlCHOt VERMONT. 63 

H. Hayden, 1906; Jed T. Vamey, 1908; Thomas F. Leary, 1910; 
Frank S. Ransom, 1912). 

From the year 1860 to the present time the elections were 
biennial. There have been seven years, (1831, 1832, 1834, 1847, 
1852, 1866 and 1869,) when no representative was chosen for 
the reason that no one could get a majority of the votes cast. 

One of the important offices of the town is that of town 
clerk. This office has been filled by eleven different men. (The 
number of years that each held the office, though not continuous, 
were as follows : Lewis Chapin, the first town clerk, held the office 
eighteen years ; Jonathan Castle, one year ; Thomas D. Rood, five 
years ; Pliny Blackman, twelve years ; Elias Bartlett, three years ; 
John Lyman, twenty-three years ; E. H. Lane, eighteen years ; W. 
Trumbull Lee, four years ; E. Frank Lane, four years ; and E. B. 
Jordan, twenty-nine years to the present time). These covered a 
term of 127 years. 

There was much dignity shown in the social intercourse of 
the early settlers of Jericho, as was seen with the settlers in 'all 
Vermont. There was cordial visiting between townsmen ; every- 
body went to church and spent the day at it. It was Puritan 
and Pilgrim over again. The towns in those days were much 
like little republics; and the town March meeting took on the 
character of a sovereign body. The early settlers of Jericho took 
on the united traits and character of soldier, statesman and 
farmer. Some of them had passed through the trials and hard- 
ships that were brought on by the Revolutionary War ; and when 
Great Britain sought to invade our country from the north by her 
army, in the War of 1812, forty-three Jericho men entered the 
military service or volunteered to meet the enemy at the Battle 
of Plattsburg. They served under Generals Macomb and Strong 
in the land forces. The victory won on land, and under Com- 
modore Macdonough on Lake Champlain was instrumental in a 
large degree in humbling the pride of the haughty Britains and 
causing them to agree to the terms of peace. General Macomb, 
in his report of the battle, said, "The Vermont volunteers have 
behaved with the coolness of regulars and their conduct has ful- 
filled the expectations, which the promptness and spirit with 
which they turned out, had raised." 



64 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

The War of the Rebellion of 1861 has tested the courage, 
the heroic bravery of the Jericho volunteers, as well as those in 
other localities, and of their willingness to endure great hard- 
ships and make untold sacrifices, and give life itself to put down 
the greatest rebellion the world has ever known. Both men and 
women who did not go to the front were willing to furnish the 
means to carry on the holy war, and furnish aid and comfort for 
those in the field. The town also paid large bounties beside the 
seven dollars per month, state pay, to induce enlistments and to 
support the families that the men left at home as they went to 
the front. But it is of those who actually participated in the 
conflict that I wish to speak. The town furnished 138 men for the 
war under the different calls of President Lincoln, 16 of whom 
re-enUsted, 23 died of disease or of wounds, 11 were killed in 
action and 12 deserted, but 3 of these 12 deserted before they 
were assigned to any organization. Ninety-two were mustered 
out or discharged for disability. One was discharged by court 
martial. Under the call of the President for 300,000 men in 
1863 a draft was ordered and 13 men were drafted from this 
town, 7 of whom paid the commutation of 300 dollars each, 
and 6 of them furnished substitutes. Six residents of the town, 
who were not drafted furnished substitutes who were paid $400 
each. The bounties paid for men who entered the service under 
the different calls of the President ran from $50 to $550. The 
amount expended by the town for bounties and attending ex- 
penses was over $30,000. There was but one of the substitutes 
that was killed in battle and he was Thomas Gorman, my sub- 
stitute, and he was wounded twice in 1864, and was killed in ac- 
tion at Petersburgh, Va., April 2, 1865. One man deserted and 
joined the Confederate Army, Dec. 13, 1864. With the few ex- 
ceptions mentioned the_ men that went into the service to quell 
this gigantic rebellion and to brave the dangers and suffer the 
hardship incident to such service, all made an honorable and 
enduring record. We can but faintly realize the awful scenes at 
a fierce battle between contending hostile forces tvhether it re- 
sulted in a battle lost or victory won; a faint glimmer may be 
seen by letting your mind fly away to the surgeon's operating 
table near the battle ground where the wounded begin to come 
in, one nursing a shattered arm, ambulances filled with the help- 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 65 

less, and other comrades brought in on stretchers, faster and faster 
they come and are laid down to await their turn at the operating 
table; feet and arms that never turned from a foe, without an 
owner, strew the ground. Some of rtie disabled recover to re- 
turn to their respective regiments, but many did not return to 
their regiment or their home. Those who lived to see the end of 
that war and were fortunate enough to return home to family 
and friends are entitled to our gratitude and generous treatment. 
While today we may look back with pride for the deeds of our 
townsmen, it is, also, a day for memory and tears. Those who 
went down to their death in that struggle, some of whom lay in 
unmarked graves in southern soil, we would pay them the tribute 
of love ; their deeds and lives were material factors in preserving 
our nation intact and making it great and free. 

"They went where duty seemed to call. 
They scarcely asked the reason why; 
They only knew they could but die. 
And death was not the worst of all. 

— Whittier. 

The following former residents responded briefly, Joel Bart- 
lett of Shelburne ; Rev. Carlton Hazen, of Kensington, Conn. ; 
Mr. Arthur D. Bradford, of St. Albans. President Guy Potter 
Benton of the University of Vermont gave a masterly address in 
his especially pleasing manner which is given in full. 



THE NEW LOYALTY, AN ADDRESS BY GUY POTTER 

BENTON. 

In these troublous times it is well to have an occasional "Old 
Home" day. Such occasions are destructive of present day con- 
ceit. We are so wont to boast of modern achievements that we 
easily forget the days of ancient accomplishment. We are so 
absorbed in our campaigns for reform that we ignore the splen- 
did heritage that is ours from the fathers. Our debt to the pioneer 
can never be discharged. It is a perennial — ^yea, an eternal obliga- 
tion. 



66 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

It will be a sad day for a neighborhood, a state or a nation 
when the work of the forefathers ceases to be an inspiration to 
lofty endeavor. "Honor thy father and thy mother: that thy 
days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth 
thee" is as much a command and consequent promise for the com- 
munity as for the individual. To depend altogether upon past 
glory for present glory is thoroughly reprehensible. To attempt 
to live upon past achievements is to prove unworthy of a toil- 
honored ancestry. The past is secure, the fathers have made it 
so. Our responsibility is to the mighty present and the mightier 
future. We shall prove unworthy of our splendid patrimony un- 
less we rear a noble superstructure on the nobk foundation laid 
by the pioneers. 

The lesson then is clearly to find the golden mean between the 
two extremes. Let the spirit of reverential gratitude for our 
progenitors be fostered while we address ourselves with all ear- 
nestness to the performance of present duty. Here and now on 
this occasion for a few brief hours the sons and daughters of the 
town of Jericho are girding up the loins of their minds for re- 
newed strength by acknowledging the debt of gratitude they owe 
to the godly, patriotic fathers and mothers of Jericho. 

"All thoughts that mould the Age, begin 
"Deep down within the primitive soul ; 

"And from the many slowly upward win 
"To One who grasps the whole. 

"All thought begins in Feeling — wide, 

"In the great mass its base is hid, 
"And, narrowing up to thought, stands glorified 

"A moveless pyramid. 

"Nor is he far astray who deems 

"That every hope which rises and grows broad 
"In the world's heart, by ordered impulse streams 

"From the great heart of God." 

— J. R. Lowell. 

Unconsciously it may be, though certainly, posterity is in- 
fluenced in its ideals by the ideals transmitted from forebears. - 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 67 

Heredity is a force to be reckoned with. You men and women 
of the Jericho today are what you are in conviction and purpose 
largely by reason of the convictions and purposes that controlled 
the men and women of the Jericho of yesterday and the day be- 
fore. A town that traces the origin of its existence back to days 
before the Declaration. t)f Independence must have honorable 
traditions to its credit. Vermont was not in the forefront of the 
Revolutionary struggle as were the other colonies, but it was in 
the close proximity that gave it the effect of contact and enabled 
it to develop a heroism of a peculiar type. Though not in the 
thick of the battle, it did its full duty on the outskirts. Ticon- 
deroga and Saratoga were nearby and it provided the famous field 
of Bennington within its own borders. For the most part, though, 
Vermont was recruiting ground for the later and better civiliza- 
tion which was nurtured under the inspiration of the Revolu- 
tionary spirit caught from the distance. In times of war the 
people living just beyond the theatre of warfare are subjected to 
difficulties and hardships often more severe than those endured 
by the actual participants in battle. They literally endure as 
those who see the invisible. They know of the conflict from 
afar and suffer all the privations of a war-infested country with- 
out the privilege of sharing in defeat or helping on to victory. 
Theirs is the anxiety of patriots toiling in kitchen and field to 
provide subsistence for fighting armies while themselves waiting 
in expectation of possible invasion and necessary defense. 

Who will dare say, then, that dwellers on the borderland of 
warfare do not develop a ruggedness of character and a fearless- 
ness of soul somewhat different but no less worthy than that pro- 
duced in the presences of smoking guns? Vermont gave many 
brave soldiers to the Revoltition but its heroes at home, ready to 
go to the front at a moment's call, developed, while waiting, a 
stoical bravery unsurpassed, if indeed not unmatched, by those 
who faced death at the cannon's mouth. 

It goes without the saying that he is a brave man who 
faces showers of leaden hail from hostile guns in defense of 
country, but the highest type of courage is that which brings no 
applause from the multitude but holds the man or woman true to 
principle without regard to consequences in the monotonous 
round of the work-a-day life. This is the courage which always 



68 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

rings true in absolute sincerity of purpose and aggressive pursuit 
of righteousness, without pomp or parade and this is the type 
of character, the splendid quality of patriotism bequeathed by the 
heroes and heroines of the early days in Vermont to those of us 
who face the problems of a later generation. 

What will we do with our legacy? How shall we use our 
rich inheritance? Certainly not by forgetting the spirit and toil 
which brought it forth. Surely not by merely marking time and 
making the achievements of the past our sole means of subsist- 
ence. 

The pioneer by his clearing, his breaking and his building be- 
queathed to later generations the types of manhood and woman- 
hood that should be builded as the superstructure of our newer 
civilization. On an anniversary day such as this the pioneer type 
should loom big before us, inspiring us to strive to present to 
civilization a race of strong men, brave men, good men, home- 
loving men and patriotic men. 

Our forefathers were strong — strong in body and in char- 
acter. There is virtue in physical strength. A strong body un- 
der control is a good basis for a towering intellect and lofty moral 
conception. To abuse the body is to destroy intellectual possibil- 
ities and vitiate moral force. A proper conservation of the 
physical strength inherited from the fathers will guarantee to so- 
ciety a race of men sturdy of body and stalwart of character. 

Our ancestors were wanting neither in bravery nor good- 
ness. The perils of wilderness, of mountain, of lake, and of 
battlefield are testimony of the one ; the Christian Church in every 
town and hamlet certify to the other. 

Those who blazed the way for us more than a century and a 
quarter agone were a home-loving folk. They reared their cot- 
tages and their cabins not alone to shelter themselves and their 
families from the changing vicissitudes of weather. Every man's 
home was his castle wherein he reigned supreme. There he set 
up the family altar and magnified the Bible as the Word of God. 
There he instilled by precept and example, in the sacred privacy of 
happy domesticity, those ideals which he reverently believed 
would guarantee through his children the continuing progress of 
the race toward better things. This beautiful conception of the 
home life is still cherished in New England and New England 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 69 

has indelibly impressed it upon the nation. There are alarmists 
who would have us believe that apartment houses, the servant 
problem and the menace of the suffragettes threaten the utter de- 
struction of the American home. I beg of you not to believe it. 
The home did not originate in Vermont nor in New England nor 
in America. Some would declare that it had its origin in the 
ancient civilization of the Teutons — but even that is not al- 
together true. The home, which is the ideal institution of our 
later civilization, found the reason for its existence in the standard 
established by Him who taught in the unroofed school-rooms of 
Galilee, saying, "For this cause shall a man leave father and 
mother, and shall cleave to his wife, and they twain shall be one 
flesh." It is true that our Teutonic ancestors in Germany and 
Great Britain gave the first fine concrete expression to the divine 
command. Our puritan forefathers caught it up and transplanted 
it in New England and New England has established it forever 
and secure in the Western Hemisphere. 

Men naturally love home and the teachings of Jesus have so 
exalted the ideal of the family that the holy institution is bound 
to command increasing reverence with the added years. The halo 
of glory divine has been thrown about the precious words sister, 
mother, wife, daughter, through the decades until today it out- 
shines in dazzling splendor the glory of the noon-day sun and it 
will gleam with resplendent, undying lustre when the night of 
earth has become the eternal morning of heaven. 

Those who are childless are conscious always of something 
lacking to satisfy the consciousness of earthly completeness. The 
entwining arms of unselfish loving little ones about the neck never 
fail to impress those who are not blessed with children of their 
own and he who has precious jewels of his own finds life empty, 
hollow without their presence. The most practical matter-of- 
fact man of affairs away from home for a little time on business 
is overcome by sense of depressing homesickness and writes of 

THE LITTLE TADS AT HOME. 

"Of course we know we love 'em when we're with 'em every day, 
"And we'd know it in a minute if one chanced to get away ; 

"But we take a lot for granted in the common course of life ; 
"And the world keeps tugging at us with its everlasting 

e strife. 



70 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

"But when a little journey of a hundred miles or so 

"Gets between us and the garden where the olive branches 
grow: 

"There's a sense of something lacking when the quiet hours come ; 
"And a rush of tender longing for the little tads at home. 

"We think they're awful noisy and we wish they'd let us be, 

"When there's half a dozen scrapping for a place upon our 
knee; 

"We want to read the paper and we'd like a chance to think, 
"It's a wonder such a racket doesn't drive a man to drink ! 

"But the little hotel chamber is as quiet as a tomb, 

"Not a note of childish laughter comes to drive away the 
gloom ; 

"And we'd give a thousand dollars, as we glower in our room — 
"For a jolly evening tussle with the little tads at home. 

"We do a little reading, then we try a quiet thought, 

"But the page gets dim and blurry as with tears we are 
caught ; 
"And we sit beside the window in the twilight chill and gray; 
"While our thoughts go flying homeward to the cottage far 
away; 

"The same Old moon shines on us that has kissed them with her 
beams 
"As we seek our lonely pillow to be with them in our dreams, 
"And the last coherent murmur ere the mind begins to roam — 
"Is a whispered 'God bless mamma and the little tads at 
home.' " 

The home is a Christian institution and it will continue so 
long as the Christian religion continues as a potent force in the 
civilization processes. We pause today for a moment to do honor 
to the forefathers who planted the home on secure foundations 
in Vermont. Shall we not here and now, solemnly pledge our- 
selves that we will perpetuate the memory of the fathers by dedi- 
cating our lives anew to the perpetuation of the Christian religion 
and the home which has grown from it? 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 71 

Surely patriotism includes strength, bravery, goodness and 
domesticity but all these traits of patriotic citizenship require 
modification to make them adaptable to the needs of each suc- 
ceeding age in our progressive and ever-progressing civilization. 
May we not then with perfect propriety on this auspicious anni- 
versary consider the meaning and the demand of THE NEW 
LOYALTY? 

It is well to distinguish between patriotism and loyalty. 
Patriotism finds its origin in the Greek word Patriotes which 
means fellow-countryman. Patriotism is concerned with the na- 
tional rather than the local spirit. It has to do with devotion to 
country rather than to neighborhood. 

Loyalty, on the other hand, admits of various applications, 
Loyalty is included in patriotism and yet it is more than patriot- 
ism. One may be loyal without being patriotic but one can not be 
patriotic without being loyal. Patriotism is fealty to the father- 
land. Loyalty is fidelity, faithfulness, constancy, devotion. It 
may be limited simply to an individual or it may extend to a 
group. It may reach out and take in a county or a state. During 
the Civil War or fifty years ago the people of the South were 
loyal to their own states but none of us would declare that they 
were patriotic. The people of the North were both loyal and 
patriotic. Because they were loyal to the nation they were 
patriots. Patriotism and loyalty are synonymous only when loy- 
alty is given its largest application and means devotion to coun- 
try.' 

Loyalty is of the best sort when it manifests itself in every 
possible way — in allegiance to individuals, in allegiance to family, 
in allegiance to neighborhood, in allegiance to state and in al- 
legiance to country, which is patriotism. All these forms of loy- 
alty should be cultivated. 

Loyalty to self is commendable. The individual who does 
not believe in himself will not enjoy the confidence of others. It 
is related that some years ago two gentlemen were earnestly en- 
gaged in a discussion in the rotunda of the State Capitol in Bos- 
ton. General Ben Butler was passing by when the discussion was 
hottest and was halted by one of the participants. "General," said 
the gentleman, "we are in dispute as to who is the greatest lawyer 
in Massachusetts." "Well," quickly answered the bluff old hero 



72 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

of New Orleans, "I'll settle that for you, I'm the greatest lawyer 
in this state." "Yes, ah — I know, but — ^but General," queried 
the gentleman, "but — ah, but how are we to prove it ?" "Prove it ! 
Prove it !" thundered Butler, "You don't have to prove it ! I ad- 
mit it." No doubt that is self confidence somewhat overdone. 
The finest loyalty to self is that begotten of "a conscience void of 
offense toward God and toward men." The consciousness of a 
pure heart and unselfish motives, coupled with a belief in one's 
own possibilities, induces the self-respect which makes loyalty to 
self attainable. To be worthy of loyalty to one's self is a noble 
aspiration to foster. 

With self-loyalty as a necessary prerequisite to all loyalty, 
the individual is ready to cultivate the spirit of broad and con- 
stantly broadening loyalty which reaches out in devotion to the 
members of his own family, his tribe or his clan. That man is 
inexcusably narrow, however, who limits his interest to those 
of his own household. The prayer of the old deacon, "O Lord, 
bless me and my wife, my son John and his wife, us four and no 
more" would not carry a man very far along the way toward 
world-wide brotherhood and universal human betterment. 

It seems hardly necessary to urge the importance of town 
loyalty in Vermont. Local pride is a dominant characteristic 
of our people. And why should it not be .so? I always have a 
feeling when I leave a town that it is not of quite the same im- 
portance that it was when I was living in it. Well, now, that 
sounds a -bit egotistical, doesn't it? But it is no egotism. It 
simply means that my interest in the former dwelling-place, 
though by no means lost, is transferred in large measure to the 
new community where by reason of my living, my obligation 
properly belongs. It is inconceivable that one can develop any 
degree of efficiency in service to the larger units unless he has 
demonstrated his worth in service to the smaller unit. 

It, of course, goes without the saying that every true citizen 
is loyal to his own state. If he is not loyal he is not a true citizen. 
He who believes in his own state is best fitted to contribute to its 
advancement. There is, however, need of discrimination be- 
tween loyalty that is fundamental and loyalty that is purely ad- 
ventitous. The one is real — the other is unreal. One is well 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 73 

foundationed. The other is foundationless, because it is founded 
on egotism or self interest. 

If we are loyal to our state simply because we are Vermonters 
or for the reason that we happen to live here, then our loyalty is, 
indeed,' of the most superficial quality. General Horace Porter 
in his wonderfully illuminating work entitled "Campaigning with 
Grant" relates a most interesting incident in the life of the 
"silent chieftain." After that awful carnage of "The Wilder- 
ness," just as Grant and his staff emerged, a band of negro 
musicians struck up a familiar tune. The members of the staff 
smiled audibly but the great Commander was grim and immobile 
as usual. He was, though, sufiSciently interested to inquire the 
reason for the merriment and when by way of reply he was asked 
if he did not recognize the tune "Ain't I Glad to Get Out ob de 
Wilderness?" his answer was that he only knew two tunes — 
"One," he said, "was Yankee Doodle and the other wasn't." The 
superficial loyalist knows even less of real loyalty than General 
Grant knew of music. He knows but two things, namely, to love 
what he has and to despise what he has not. 

The true loyalist is never complacent. He feels an interest 
in the state or locality where his lot is cast and looks about to see 
what he may find already existing to accentuate his interest and 
to stimulate his just pride. He studies possibilities and finds 
his largest loyalty developed by cooperating with his fellow citi- 
zens to make his own town or village or state all that it may be on 
the basis of its possibilities. 

In Vermont there is ample ground for state loyalty in what 
the state has been and is now. The record of history is all to our 
credit. From 1609 when Samuel Champlain, the first white man 
to look upon Vermont, passed by our western shores, through 
the War of the Rebellion and the Spanish American War up to 
this year of Grace nineteen hundred and thirteen the achievements 
of Vermont on the field of warfare and in peaceful pursuits have 
been such as to challenge the admiration of mankind and to 
arouse feelings of commendable pride in all our own people. 

The first settlement was made in 1665 by the French who 
built Fort Saint Anne on Isle La Motte. The first permanent 
settlement was made at Bennington in 1761. The entire terri- 
tory now bearing the name of Vermont was claimed by New 



74 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Hampshire and the governor of that state exercising what he be- 
lieved to be his rightful authority, between 1762 and 1768, con- 
veyed to settlers in Vermont one hundred and thirty-eight town- 
ships of land called "The New Hampshire Grants." It was the 
insistence of New York, however, that all this land was right- 
fully hers under a charter granted by Charles II to the Duke of 
York and in 1763 Governor Tryon ordered a sheriff to eject all 
settlers holding lands under titles from New Hampshire. Then 
the hardy settlers of these mountains and valleys under the lead 
of Ethan Allen and Seth Baker and others formed themselves 
into companies, banded together to protect each other against all 
efforts to drive them from their lands. These were the celebrated 
"Green Mountain Boys" whose opposition to the New York of- 
ficers was so resolute and effective that the latter were corri- 
pelled to return home without accomplishing their purpose. New 
York appealed to King George and obtained a decision supporting 
its title. The settlers, though, had paid for their lands and re- 
fused to give them up even at the behest of a king. A bloody 
contest was averted only by the opening of the Revolutionary 
War which so occupied the attention of all true Americans that ■ 
minor disputes seemed insignificant and were lost in the larger 
questions. The settlers, however, intent on maintaining their 
rights, met in convention, adopted a constitution, proclaimed 
their independence, chose representatives to Congress and applied 
for admission to the Confederacy. 

Through the persistent opposition of New York, Congress 
refused to consider the proposition to make a new state, so Ver- 
mont set up an independent government and renewed her bound- 
ary troubles with New York and New Hampshire. In October, 
1790, it was agreed that New York should cease opposition to 
the admission of Vermont to the Union on the payment of thirty 
thousand dollars for disputed land claims. This was paid and 
after nearly fifty years of heroic struggle in defence of her rights 
Vermont, on the 18th day of February, 1791, was admitted as 
the fourteenth state of the American Union. 

Though occupied with these internecine troubles Vermonters 
never lost sight of their larger obligation to the great nation which 
was born out of our larger conflict with England. The 
sturdy settlers of this independent state rendered valiant service 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 75 

to the other states during the Revolutionary War at Ticonderoga, 
Crown Point and Bennington. And to make the situation yet 
more complex and trying the British troops were striving to 
over-run the state by rushing in upon Vermont from Canada, 
hoping to retain it as a British colony. Ethan Allen and Ira Al- 
len were alert and valiant leaders of the people, however, and by 
diplomacy and bravery in proper combination they saved Ver- 
mont to the United States, a 

In the Civil War Vermont furnished 35,242 Union soldiers, 
or one for every ten of its entire population, and one-half of all 
its able-bodied men. Is not the record of our history from the 
very beginning up to the auspicious present, then, glorious enough 
to stir the loyalty to this state which should be made manifest in 
undying devotion? 

Then, the scenery contributed by the Master Builder of the 
universe to Vermont is a constant stimulus to the loyalty of him 
who has eyes that see. It was William H. Lord who in writing 
of Vermont scenery declared that "A few regions God has made 
more beautiful than others. His hand has fashioned some 
dreams or symbols of Heaven in certain landscapes of earth; 
and we have always thought the Almighty intended when He 
formed the -hills of Vermont and shook out the green drapery 
of the forests over their sloping shoulders, and made them in 
folds like the robe of a king along their sides, to give us a dim 
picture of the new creation and the celestial realm." 

Then think of our splendid type of citizenship in this state 
and fail in loyalty to Vermont if you can! The frontiersmen 
who blazed their ways through the trackless forests in defiance of 
wild beasts and blood-thirsty savages to build homes and found a 
worthy civilization for posterity were no ordinary men. They 
felled the trees, tilled the land, threw up the highways, bridged 
the streams, erected their school-houses and reared their churches 
in the face of difficulties that would have bafiEled or defeated men 
of the common type. These men of the early Vermont with the 
heroic, God-fearing women who were their faithful help-mates 
were progenitors from whose loins have sprung the Vermont 
citizenship of the present day, the most independent, truth-loving 
and industrious in the sisterhood of states. 



-76 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

It has become the fashion in some quarters to speak sneer- 
ingly of the commercial and agricultural standing of Vermont 
but we need not assume a cringing or apologetic attitude at this 
point. There are more than 30,000 farms in this state with a total 
acreage of 4,600,000 acres, valued at above $112,000,000— an 
increase of 35 per cent, in the 10 years extending from 1901- 
1911. Encouraging also is the knowledge that the average farm 
consists of 143 acres, indicating tljat our people own their own 
property and are not victims of any oppressive land-lord system. 
No feudal castle or patroon system has ever existed in free Ver- 
mont. In this respect, also, the state stands unique. 

Talk about "abandoned farms!" Connect that thread-bare 
expression with the fact that in 1910 our live-stock in Vermont 
consisted of 94,000 horses, 285,000 dairy cows, 210,000 other 
cattle, 95,000 hogs and 229,000 sheep. Bear in mind that our 
annual wool-clip approximates a quarter of a million dollars 
annually and that in 1911, 1,509,000 dollars worth of wheat, 
$2,157,000 worth of potatoes and $16,926,000 worth of hay should 
be placed to the credit of Vermont and then be cynical if you 
can concerning our agricultural resources. 

It is only necessary to consult such authority as the Report 
of the United States Geological Survey to learn that in 1909 the 
mineral output of Vermont including clay products, lime, min- 
eral waters, ochre, sand and gravel, slate, stone, marble and 
granite, talc, soapstone and other products were valued at the 
princely sum of $8,626,929. Is that a discouragement to state 
loyalty ? 

And how about our manufactured products? I regret that 
I have no later authority on this subject than the United States 
Industrial Census of 1905 which shows that the value of the 
manufactured products in Vermont for that year was more than 
$63,000,000. It is fair to assume that in these eight years of 
unexampled prosperity we have made a normal advance in the 
value of manufactures and here once more we find a proper 
stimulant for state loyalty. 

Then turn your attention to our pubhc institutions and our 
educational system and find justification for becoming loyalty. 
Homes for the poor, institutions for destitute children, reforma- 
tories, hospitals, industrial schools and alms-houses indicate that 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 77 

our people are alive to the obligation they owe to society and its 
erring and unfortunate children. Church spires pointing heaven- 
ward in every neighborhood are testimony to our reverence for 
God and our belief in the eternal verities. 

In common with other New England States we find Vermont 
in the very beginning of its existence providing for the education 
of its childhood and youth. The Constituton of 1777 recognized 
the necessity of a system of public education complete from ele- 
mentary schools to University and the organic law of the state 
adopted in 1793 declared "a competent number of schools ought 
to be maintained in each town for the convenient instruction of 
youth and one or more grammar schools be incorporated and 
properly supported in each County of this State." Even away 
back in the days of the New Hampshire Grants this inchoate 
state of ours was laying the foundation of our common school es- 
tabhshment. In 1762, the very next year- after the first perma- 
nent settlers had housed their families at Bennington, they taxed 
themselves to build a school-house. From that day on Vermont 
has been no laggard in providing its childhood and youth with 
facilities for elementary and secondary schooling. It is true, no 
doubt, that our school-houses and appliances are not all that they 
should be, and neither, for that matter, are they so in any other 
state in the union. We should have a care that Vermont is not by 
slander of her own people held up to the contempt of the rest of 
the world. It has been my privilege to visit and gain some first- 
hand knowledge of nearly every one of the United States and I 
can not condemn too severely the reflections of discredit upon 
Vermont people and Vermont institutions that have been circu- 
lated through the public prints and flung from the platform to the 
humiliation of every loyal citizen of our fair state. I have no 
question but that the moral standards of some Vermonters liv- 
ing in our cities as well as in the isolated mountain towns are 
lower than they should be, but at our worst we have no record 
of murderous police officers such as shames New York ; we have 
no reputation as a nursery for unapprehended criminals as 
Chicago has; there is no stench of graft rising above any Ver- 
mont city like that of San Francisco ; there is here no exploita- 
tion of white slavery such as St. Louis has known; the illicit 



78 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

stills and law-evading moonshiners of Kentucky have no kindred 
spirits in the mountain fastnesses of Vermont. 

It is a sad fact that many of our school surroundings are 
unattractive and many of our schoolrooms bare and destitute 
of necessary apparatus, but we are not peculiar in these re- 
spects. Turn to an editorial in the issue of The Journal of Edu- 
cation for the 17th of July, 1913, and read this report of a school 
survey of one of the wealthiest and most populous states to the 
west of us. "School-rooms are insufficient, equipment inade- 
quate, and conveniences often lacking in comfort and sanita- 
tion !" That statement could be duplicated in every state in the 
Union. We should have a care that we do not defile our, own 
garments unnecessarily to invite a contempt from mankind that 
Vermont does not deserve. The "muck-raker" perhaps has a 
mission but he exceeds his mission when, to get into the public 
eye, he heaps unmerited obloquy upon those whose glory and 
honor he should defend. 

With words of patriotic wisdom Doctor Winship declares 
that "The little red school-house is still a potent influence though 
it has in recent years changed its color and increased its size." 
We want to put more maps and charts and globes and devices in- 
side these country schools. We want to make the out-buildings 
sanitary and decent. We hope to have green lawns and attrac- 
tive walks about our little school-houses. We shall have school 
gardens and we will lead many other states in these improve- 
ments because it is theVermont spirit to lead and not because we 
have been held up to unjust shame and ignominy before the en- 
tire world. 

Why may we not point with loyal pride to such service-hon- 
ored institutions as St. Johnsbury Academy, Montpelier Seminary, 
Bellows Free Academy, St. Michael's College, Hopkins Hall, Troy 
Conference Academy, People's Academy and other similar 
schools that have given to our boys and girls a fitting for life and 
higher education that has made Vermont famous for the thorough- 
ness of its secondary training? Why not point to such efficient 
high schools as Rutland, Bellows Falls, Brattleboro, Barre, Bur- 
lington, Montpelier and St. Albans and announce to the universe 
that we are striving to bring all others up relatively to the stand- 
ard set by these? Why not call attention to the fact that we 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 79 

have such institutions of higher learning as the University of 
Vermont founded in 1791, Middlebury College established in 
1800 and Norwich University started in 1834 and declare our 
loyalty to the state based upon the satisfaction of what our state 
has been educationally and what we expect it to be with the 
progressive march of civilization? 

The largest ground for our state loyalty, of course, lies not 
so much in what we have been as in what we expect to be. Our 
past history is a splendid inspiration but it is our possibilities of 
material, intellectual and moral development that should consti- 
tute our chief incentive to endeavor. The challenge to realize on 
our wonderful opportunities for growth should be the quickening 
spur to greater loyalty — ^the motive for the nurture of that loy- 
alty which grows by helping in the accomplishment of a worthy 
task. 

If all these things have been done in a green tree, "what 
shall be done in the dry?" Our farms have not yet reached the 
limit of their productiveness. The law of diminishing returns 
has hot yet begun to operate in Vermont. For nearly a half 
century the fertile prairie lands of the western states have had a 
glamour cast about them that has drawn away many of our 
promising young men from the state of their fathers. They have 
gone where they thought material wealth might easier and more 
quickly be found, not realizing that they were leaving "acres of 
diamonds" behind them in their native hills and valleys. But the 
days of homesteading are over and the lure of the Dakotas and 
Kansas and Nebraska and the farther West is not so strong as 
it once was. Our young men and women in coming years will 
catch the spirit of the new loyalty which will at once give them a 
due appreciation of the priceless heritage bequeathed by their 
ancestors and a proper understanding of the resources that lie 
latent in Vermont. Under the spell of this new loyalty we shall 
no longer offer our best young life to other states. The applica- 
tion of scientific methods in intensive agriculture will guarantee 
returns from the soil of Vermont that will multiply the volume 
and the value of our crops and insure the increasing self-respect 
that is always born of moderate prosperity. 

Our brooks and creeks and rivers have not yet begun to pay 
the toll that may be secured from them. Our highways are not 



80 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

the Standing invitation to easy travel that they may become. Our 
railroads and trolley lines have not all been built. Our lakes 
are not yet floating all the commerce they can carry. The 
young Vermonter with an eye open to the opportunities afforded 
by the development of our unequalled water-power facilities and 
the improvement of transportation may catch the spirit of a new 
loyalty that will set him to work on our great engineering prob- 
lems and make him invaluable in the service of a state growing 
continually richer by the proper utihzation of its natural re- 
sources. 

Then, when the new loyalty has brought Vermont to its own 
in agriculture and commerce, manufacturing industries will be 
multiplied, mercantile pursuits will increase, more doctors and 
lawyers will be needed and prosperity will smile day and night 
upon a people happy in the consciousness of residence in a state 
compelled to yield the best it has for the welfare of its citizen- 
ship. 

But this new loyalty will do more than add to the material 
advancement of Vermont. Sad indeed is the condition of any 
people so surfeited with temporal success or so drunk with the 
wine of mere physical satisfaction that they shut themselves up 
within themselves and forget the great obligation for social ser- 
vice. The new loyalty should beget a larger interest in human- 
kind. 

For centuries men have been repeating the command of the 
Master "Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself" but it is to be 
feared that many times these words are "as sounding brass and 
tinkling cymbal." Who is your neighbor of the divine conception? 
He lives in the next dooryard, to be sure. He lives down the 
street ; he lives in the next town, in the next county, in the next 
state. Your neighbor sails the seas and scales the mountains. He 
pastures his flocks on the hillsides and waters them in the brooks 
of the valley. Your neighbor is the judge on the bench, the sewer 
digger of the streets. Your neighbor dwells on the bleak mount 
and plains, he toils in the cane-brakes hard by the bayous of Louis- 
iana. Your neighbor is the child-kiUing mother of Hindoostan, 
the almond-eyed Celestial, the flat-nosed negro, the Australian 
bushman, the European gentleman. Your neighbor is the raving, 
wild-eyed maniac of the asylum, the striped clothed convict be- 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 81 

hind prison bars. Your neighborhood is not circumscribed by 
the narrow limits of your own community. It reaches out to the 
islands of the seas and the ends of the earth — it is as broad as 
creation, as inclusive as the universal man. Then "love thy 
neighbor as thyself." 



THE HOUSE BY THE SIDE OF THE ROAD. 

"There are hermit souls that live withdrawn 

In the place of their self-content: 
There are souls, like stars, that dwell apart, 

In a fellowless firmament: 
There are pioneer souls that blaze their paths 

Where highways never ran — 
But let me live by the side of the road 

And be a friend to man. 

"Let me live in a house by the side of the road 

Where the race of men go by — 
The men who are good and the men who are bad, 

As good and as bad as I. 
I would not sit in the scomer's seat, 

Or hurl the cynic's ban — 
Let me live in a house by the side of the road 

And be a friend to man. 

"I see from my house by the side of the road 

By the side of the highway of life, 
The men who press with the ardor of hope. 

The men who are faint with the strife. 
But I turn not away from their smiles nor their tears — 

Both parts of an infinite plan — 
Let me live in a house by the side of the road 

And be a friend to man. 

"I know there are brook-gladdened meadows ahead, 

And mountains of wearisome height : 
That the road passes on through the long afternoon 

And stretches away to the night. 



82 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

But still I rejoice when the travelers rejoice 

And weep with the strangers that moan 
Nor live in my house by the side of the road 

Like a man who dwells alone. 

"Let me live in my house by the side of the road 

Where the race of men go by — 
They are good, they are bad, they are weak, they are strong. 

Wise, foolish— so am I. 
Then why should I sit in the scorner's seat 

Or hurl the cynic's ban ? 
Let me live in my house by the side of the road 

And be a friend to man." 

Loyalty, like charity, begins at home. To grow this spirit 
of universal neighborhood we must cultivate a love for the men 
and women of our own town and state. There must be a tender 
heart for our poor and needy. When we realize our obligations 
to all mankind aright we will realize our special obligation to those 
who live nearer to us. This new loyalty finds its expression in 
public libraries and reading rooms, in the encouragement of en- 
tertainments of a refining character, in clean door-yards, streets 
and highways, in improved sanitation and conditions that pro- 
mote the general health. 

The new loyalty will create a living church to rise upon the 
empty forms and ceremonies. It will insist upon constantly im- 
proving educational facilities all the way from the kindergarten 
to the college and through the University. 

I have been much interested in reading an article from the 
pen of Professor Carl Holliday of Southwestern University en- 
titled "A Brief Account of Ancient Schools Written A. D. 2300." 
Placing himself forward at that date he says : "Recently while I 
was looking over some ancient books dealing with education it oc- 
curred to me that it might be pleasing to the readers of this good 
year 2300 to be told something about the schools of the early 
days — say about the year 1913. With this idea in mind I set 
myself to the pleasant task of investigating the old records in the 
volumes of the government library in our city and hoping to sur- 
prise the enlightened folk of my own time I myself became amaz- 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 83 

ed at the crudeness, the barbarity and absolute cruelty of the 
former methods of training children. 

I found that the school buildings were indeed strange con- 
trivances. They were frequently built three, four or even five 
stories high and even in that unobservant age, the dangers of 
fire were so evident that each teacher was required to put the 
pupil through what was known as firedrills. My readers may 
wonder why in the face of such perils the structures were erected 
in that fashion. So far as I have been able to discover the rea- 
son lay in the stinginess of the public. They could not spare 
the land. Space in the cities was indeed rather high even in that 
day, but the price was nothing compared with the values now set 
on the same areas by the Government Commissioners of 
valuation, and yet the public of the twentieth century cooped 
up children in tall 'fire-traps' lest the city tax be increased 
a few cents per individual. Indeed it was not until near 
the close of the century that various states began to make one- 
storied school houses obligatory. Think of it ! Instead of enter- 
ing the low broad structures of today and looking out upon shady 
lawns and play grounds, the poor little rascals of those ancient 
times climbed up above where the tree tops should have been 
and regularly practiced saving their lives from dangers brought 
on by the close-fisted citizens. 

It was not until about the year two thousand that it was made 
unlawful to place another structure within three hundred feet of 
a school-house and even then some of the old-fashioned people 
complained that the world was being given up to the children. 

And can I describe to you the interiors of one of these an- 
cient schools — the barrenness, the soul-killing regularity and the 
utter desolation of it all ? The boys and girls were required to sit 
in what were called desks, (A desk was a wooden seat with a wri- 
ting board attached to the seat in front) and these desks were 
screwed to the floor ! I found in the record of. the proceedings 
of the Boston School Board that in the year 1940 a gentleman 
asked the members if their chairs and dining-tables and pianos 
were screwed to the floor in their homes and they informed him 
that regularity in the seating had to be preserved or else there 
could be no discipline. Ah ! discipHne was a great matter in those 
days. The Pedagogs of the twentieth century forgot that soul 



84 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

growth and not discipline was the aim of education. These 
desks were all built alike, looked equally ugly and were apparently 
an invention of his Satanic Majesty. They were placed in regu- 
lar rows so that every pupil had to look squarely to the front and 
woe to the youngster who cast his eyes to the right or to the left. 
The cruelty of the system was nothing short of astounding. 

How the little ones kept from going stark mad would be 
the wonder of our day. The walls were almost invariably a glar- 
ing white or a dirty grey, and were as blank as a desert. The 
idea had not occurred to school boards that a tint of green or 
other restful color might save many an eye and brain. There was 
absolutely no place for the eye to rest itself, all was alike. Doubt- 
less you are thinking that the tired youngsters could at least gain 
refreshment by gazing now and then out of the windows, but no, 
the windows in numerous schools were purposely placed above the 
heads of the children so that their attention might not be dis- 
tracted from their books. Even if they could have looked out 
they would have seen no flowers, no trees, no fountains and no 
birds only tall grim storehouses and ugly, smoky factories. Oh! 
It was pitiful. Seldom indeed were there any pictures on the walls 
and such as there were, were not in colors, but simply plain black 
and white copies. The custom of painting patriotic scenes and 
beautiful views upon the walls did not prevail until about two 
thousand and twenty, and even then, some parents angrily declared 
the children were sent to school to look at their books and not at 
the walls. They had not discovered that an ounce of inspiration 
is worth a pound of fact. Growing flowers and potted ferns and 
palms may have been in the rooms as now: but I could find no 
record of such a thing. AH ! I wonder what the poor little boys 
and girls of the twentieth century did with the eyes God gave 
them to find beauty with. How those eyes must have suffered! 
Because of the custom of building school-houses several stories 
high each room did not have a glazed skylight as now but the 
light came in, day after day, from a row of high uncurtained 
windows. The result of this was numerous cross-eyed, wall- 
eyed and weak-eyed children and the condition became so pitiful 
that about the year 1910 many cities appointed school inspectors 
of eyes. But it was not until long afterwards that the true reme- 
dies were applied. Even after the children left the school- 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 85 

rooms there was little eye-rest ; for in those days it was custom- 
ary to make pavements of white or light gray concrete, and to 
walk a mile on these on a bright day was nothing sort of torture. 
Toward the close of the twentieth century the green and dark 
blue pavement so common now came into use. One of the comic 
papers of 1991 stated that in earlier days aldermen painted the 
town red, but now were painting it green. I tried to discover the 
meaning of this, but nowhere could I find that aldermen had been 
so lavish with paint, except white-wash, which was mentioned 
by numerous papers. 

A most cruel requirement of the early twentieth century was 
that of night work on the part of the boys and girls. Whereas 
now it is against the law for parents to allow a child under fifteen 
to read at all after nine o'clock, the children of those days were 
loaded with studies to be carried on. at home and in the higher 
grades the young people often times boasted of sitting up until 
one and two o'clock to prepare for examinations. I happened to 
find a newspaper, printed in 1908, that a member of the Texas 
Legislature proposed a bill to make such night work unlawful; 
but his colleagues declared that this was only a blow at a business 
concern then known as the Standard Oil Company and his bill 
was laughed .down. Almost a century later the wisdom of his 
idea was realized by all thinkers. 

As I read these musty old records, I wondered why every- 
body did not go blind in those times. All the school books were 
then printed on white paper and often a glossy white at that. 
The letters were invariably in black, thus the little fellows read 
and read until they must have been haunted by specks of black 
and white. Today only a minute per cent, of our college boys and 
girls are bothered with spectacles; but some pictures I found 
among the records lead me to believe that the student body, es- 
pecially the professors of the twentieth century were partners in 
a glass factory. 

In those strange years the preservation of health was a very 
unimportant matter. That rare disease known as tuberculosis 
or consumption was most common then, and children afflicted 
with it sat in the same room as the other children. In 1909 an 
open air school for such unfortunates was established in Chicago 
and the newspapers in that year show that numerous taxpayers 
7 



86 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

looked upon it as a down-right waste of money. The lack of 
playgrounds, the scarcity of trees and plants, the dust caused 
by unoiled streets and by the use in the schools of chalk for wri- 
ting on blackboards, the defective heating systems, the germs hid- 
den in dirty wooden floors, and the custom of sleeping with closed 
windows, all these, at length, made this disease such a scourge 
that about the year 1950 the whole nation spent miUions upon 
millions in destroying the sources of the pestilence. 

It may seem ridiculous and yet it is really true that in the 
twentieth century laws had to be made compelling children to 
go to school. Part of the resistance came from parents, but most 
of it from the children themselves. Whereas the child of today 
loves the activities of education and looks upon the school as its 
second home, I find that the normal boy of four centuries ago 
dreaded and even hated the institution. 

At length it was discovered that the cramped position long 
maintained in sitting at a desk would make any natural creature 
restive or dull or vicious, and by the year 1975 all schools had 
adopted a curriculum in which each hour of mental work was 
followed by an hour of physical work such as carving, moulding, 
gardening, etc. There was an astonishing decrease, not only of 
misbehavior, but also of truancy, and I suppose there has not been 
a case of punishment for unnecessary absence in a hundred years. 

Besides the total over-sight of animal activities there were 
other causes to make school hateful. The end of all teaching in 
the twentieth century seems to have been facts, facts, facts. In- 
spiration was a neglected factor. In their search for facts— 
which were of minor value in literature and arts — ^they crushed 
all the rich blood out of the subject, and the boys did not care 
for the dry bones that remained. About the middle of the twen- 
tieth century teachers of the various literatures began to 
call music, painting and sculpture to their aid, and now as we 
know, ev,ery literary course has its musical recitals to illustrate 
such matters as the poetry of Shakespeare, Byron, Haine and 
Tennyson. But these changes did not come without a struggle. 
When in 1950 the University of Chicago appointed a musician 
to assist the instructors in literature, the papers of the city an- 
nounced the fact in sarcastic head lines, while one presented the 
hideous cartoon picturing a professor of English singing Omar 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 87 

Khayyam's "Rubaiyat" to the accompaniment of an Italian organ 
grinder. 

Music, it seems, was looked upon as a fashionable frivolity 
for women and most men received theirs through the now anti- 
quated phonograph. Not until about the year 2000 was it thor- 
oughly realized that this branch of learning had as important an 
influence upon the growth of the perfect man as Mathematics, 
Literature or History. About that date, however, the various 
states made the teaching of music compulsory, and for the past 
two hundred years every school building has had its school 
musician to play and explain the best quality of music daily. 

As I read the strange books and strange newspapers of four 
centuries ago the fact dawned upon me that there were then no 
school or church theaters. Could it be possible ? Vigorous search 
brought to light the statement that in the first decade of the 
twentieth century a New York church made a feeble effort along 
this line, but had been so violently condemned by the other 
churches that the effort was abandoned. Many preachers pro- 
nounced the histrionic art an invention of the devil, but as time 
passed, the Kindergarten pointed out that children loved to act ; 
dances imitating the dances of animals were introduced; and 
from this strange beginning the little ones were allowed to pro- 
gress until today I suppose there is no city school in the world 
without its theater. Strange to say, in the ancient days students 
simply read and commented upon the dramatic masterpieces and 
were not encouraged to act them. 

Is it any wonder that boys ran away and risked receiving 
painful whippings? There was so little of genuine human in- 
terest. I found that young people were compelled to study 
Zoology and yet no town was compelled by law, as now, to main- 
tain a museum or Zoological garden. Private concerns called 
'Circuses' collected large numbers of wild animals and gave ex- 
hibitions under vast tents and these seem to have satisfied the 
human craving in the pupils. These strange shows apparently 
served a good purpose ; but I was startled to learn that they were 
condemned by most of the clergy, and that some ministers lost 
their positions for being seen there by the church members. 
Such was the stupidity of the "good old times.' Ought we to be 
surprised to discover the schools were then open but nine 



88 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

months of the year ? It is a marvel that all the children were not 
dead or turned idiots even in that space. Not until 2020 was a 
public school kept open twelve successive months and that was at 
Manila, Philippine Islands by petition of the children themselves. 
I found this petition in a Manila newspaper, and one statement 
by those old time children struck me as characteristic of the atti- 
tude of our own little boys and girls. 'We want to continue go- 
ing because we know there are so many surprising discoveries in 
store for us.' 

Ah! there were many strange facts I learned among those 
dusty old records. How ridiculous some of the Congressional 
speeches sound, with their boasts of education, enlightenment and 
culture! Surely we of the twenty-third century have reached a 
plane of mentality far beyond the comprehension of that dark and 
cruel era four centuries ago. For in its mistakes, its miserliness, 
its thoughtlessness, its savage unkindness that twentieth century 
must be classed among the Dark Ages of Education." 

Perhaps Professor Holliday is somewhat cynical and his 
criticisms of the present day educational methods may not be al- 
together just. Nevertheless, I believe he has not overdrawn, in 
the sUghtest degree the happy condition of affairs as our posterity 
will find them four centuries hence. If future generations are 
to advance as we have advanced beyond the generations gone be- 
fore, those of us responsible for the educational leadership of the 
present day must spare no effort to make our full contribution 
to this splendid forward movement toward the goal of perfec- 
tion. We must raise high our standards and strive by all pos- 
sible means to reach them. 

The sad condition of many of the schools of the present day 
depicted by Professor Holliday let it be remembered is a con- 
dition existing in all the states. It is a general condition. It is 
not peculiar to Vermont. The spirit of the new loyalty in Ver- 
mont, however, may give to Vermont the honor of being a pioneer 
in the educational forward movement which is inevitable in 
America. 

Last of all the new loyalty will guarantee the rights of grow- 
ing childhood. It will sound the death knell of the iniquity of 
child labor. Up with the rights of childhood ! Away from the 
black shadows of the night of infantile oppression ! All hail to 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 89 

the radiant dawn that throws its gleams of brightness athwart 
the morning of the twentieth century to illumine 

THE LAND OF BOY. 

"A wonderful land is the land of boy, 

Where the hands on the clock mark the moments of joy. 
Where the hills are sugar, the mountains are cake. 

And the rivers flow into an ice-cream lake ; 
Where candy grows on the forest trees 

And the fairies dwell with their mysteries : 
• The land of boy — ^away, away 

Through the happy valleys of Golden Day ! 

"The land of boy is a dear delight, 

Where the sun shines saveetly and soft and bright ; 
Where the air is filled with the robin's song 

'And the heart of venture beats bold and strong ;' 
Where hope's grave star burns clean and fair 

And the wine of the summer is in the air : 
The land of boy — ^away, away. 

The road winds down to the Golden Day ! 

"There are tops and trinkets and marbles and books, - 

Penknives, putty and fishing hooks. 
Printing presses and railroad trains. 

Wheelbarrows, wagons and driving reins ; 
Boats and whistles and hoops and skates. 

Sledges and sponges and drawing slates. 
The land of boy — away, away, 

Over the hills of the Child-at-Play ! 

"The land of boy is a sunny place. 

Where rosy cheeks and a smiling face, 
Where romp and laughter and chatter and gleam. 

Go round and round till the meadows dream 
And the stars come out and the golden West 

Is red where the sun has gone to rest ; 
The land of boy — ^away, away 

To the wand of fairy and elf and fay ! 



90 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

"Merry games and the venture heart 

In the land of boy are a living part: 
Castle building and ships that sail 

On the pirate main and the paths of whale ; 
Hope and love and beauty and gleam — 

All, all are a part of the boy-land dream, 
To the land of boy I long to stray 

Through the happy valleys of Golden Day 1" 

The new day is here. Jericho sees it. Chittenden County 
sees it. The State of Vermont sees it. We greet its sunrise 
now. The new loyalty which pays due reverence to the forefath- 
ers and their glorious heritage to us while at the same time front- 
ing the larger responsibilities owing to the present and the future 
will send the sun of this day well up toward its zenith. Men and 
women of Jericho all hail ! You have not forgotten the pioneers. 
You honor your founders today. Tomorrow in the spirit of the 
new loyalty you will address yourselves as real patriots to the 
duties which will assure a new and a better Vermont. 



Chapter VII. 

AUGUST SIXTH. 

Wednesday, Aug. 6th, had been observed by the citizens in 
family reunions and tours about the town, whose important 
places had been appropriately marked by the committee on mark- 
ers, and at six P. M. a large assemblage of people had gathered 
at Riverside to attend the exercises in connection with the dedica- 
tion of a marker which had been erected in memory of the First 
Settlement of the Browns. Their first cabin had been built a 
few rods south of the Riverside Bridge. The marker had been 
erected upon the Green in front of the old Whitcomb & Day 
store, upon land which formerly belonged to the Browns. The 
marker stands Sj^ feet high and consists of two pieces of gran- 
ite, and upon the front of the die is a bronze tablet bearing the 
following inscription, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 91 

ERECTED TO THE MEMORY 
OF THE 

BROWN FAMILY 

FIRST SETTLERS HERE AND FOR WHOM 
BROWN'S RIVER WAS NAMED. 
JOSEPH BROWN, HANNAH, 
HIS WIFE AND THEIR BOYS 
CHARUESandJOSEPH. 
I N THE YEAR17SO WERE CAPTURED 
BY INDIANS NEAR THIS PLACE 

TAKEN TO CANADA 

SOLD TO ENGLISH OFFICERS 

AND HELD AS PRISONERS 

ABOUT THREE YEARS. 

Descendants of the Brown family had responded so gen- 
erously that their contributions covered the cost of the marker 
itself. The town had graded the spot and built the cement 
coping. 

The order of exercises was as follows : — 

6:00 P. M. Prayer, Rev. A. H. Sturges. 

Historical Resume of the Brown family by a lineal descend- 
ant, Hon. B. H. Day, which is given in full. 

MR. BUEL H. DAY'S ADDRESS. 

Ladies and Gentlemen: 

We had hoped to have with us to address you on this oc- 
casion, Mr. Fred Brown, of Boston, a direct descendant of those 
Browns to the memory and honor of whom this tablet is today 
erected, but this has proved to be impossible. 

The erection of this marker to the Brown family, the first 
settlers of the town of Jericho, whose efforts to make a home in 
this, then wilderness, so influenced the growth and development 
of the town, is due in large measure to Mr. Chauncey H. Hayden, 
who enlisted the help of descendants of the family, purchased 
with the money thus raised a suitable marker from the Jericho 
Granite Co., and himself superintended the grading and setting 
that it might be dedicated during this, our ISOth anniversary. 

As many of you know, I also, am a descendant of the Brown 
family, and because of this fact have been asked to tell the story 
of some of their early hardships and experiences at this public 
recognition of their efforts in settling this town. 



92 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

This Story I have had by word of mouth from the children 
and grandchildren of the first Browns with the life of whom the 
early history of Jericho is so closely entwined. My mother and 
my stepmother were daughters of Joseph, the youngest of the 
family. 

The place where the marker stands was not the site of the 
Brown cabin, though on land that was a part of their original 
holdings. Their cabin stood south of the covered bridge on 
land owned for many years by Hiram B. Day, who married a 
daughter of Joseph Brown. 

It was thought best to place the marker here, where the pub- 
lic may the better enjoy it. 

The Browns were the first settlers in Jericho, their near- 
est neighbors having a cabin lower down on the Winooski, then 
the Onion, where two or three families located about the same 
time that the Browns came here. 

In a sense the Browns came to Jericho by mistake. They 
were in search of land they had purchased in what is now the 
town of Stowe, but failed to turn north from the Winooski 
River, which they were following down over the old Indian 
trail, quite so soon as they should have done and consequently 
found themselves on the west instead of on the east side of 
Mansfield Mountain. Pleased with the location, and the land, 
and doubtless good and tired of wandering through the wilder- 
ness, they pitched their tent on the little river that afterward 
bore their name and later formally gained possession of the land 
by put-chase. 

Here they erected their cabin and cleared enough of the 
land to enable the planting of crops. This was in 1774. 

At the outbreak of the Revolutionary War an offer was made 
the Indians of Canada by the British of $8.00 or £8 (authorities 
differ as to the an?ount) for each living captive from the rebel- 
lious colonies delivered into their hands. 

This offer sent many a raiding party south, and it was at the 
hands of a victorious band of these raiders on their homeward 
way from the sacking of Royalton, Oct. 16, 1780, that our set- 
tlers received a discouraging reverse. 

The family at this time consisted of Joseph and Hannah 
Brown, their young sons, Charles and Joseph, 19 and 16 years re- 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 93 

spectively, a tailor by the name of Olds who was sewing for the 
family, a young man by the name of Gibson convalescent from 
typhoid fever through which the Browns had nursed him, two 
little girls by the name of Blood from one of the neighbors who 
happened to be visiting them at the time from one of the families 
on the Winooski River, and one or two hired hands. 

The family doubtless would have escaped molestation but 
that Gibson, trapping along the river now known as Lee, was sur- 
prised and made a prisoner by a part of the Royalton Indians. 
To secure his own release Gibson offered to conduct his cap- 
tors to a cabin where they might get several prisoners instead 
of one and thus instantly increase their ransom money. The 
savages readily agreed to his proposal arid promised to set him 
free just as soon as the others were taken. Regardless of the 
many kindnesses received, at the hands of the Browns, Gibson 
guided the Indians, 12 or 15 in number, to the high bank east 
of the covered bridge that overlooked the cabin. So soon as the 
Indians were assured that Gibson had indeed conducted them to 
the promised spot, they seized and bound him to one of their 
strongest braves, laughing in glee at his expostulations and de- 
mands. 

Stealthily approaching the cabin the savages easily secured 
its inmates with the exception of the tailor who, seated on a table 
near the window, at work on a waistcoat for Mr. Brown was 
warned of their approach by their shadow falling across his work 
in time to leap from the window and gain the forest beyond 
despite the arrows and tomahawks that followed his flight. The 
tailor continued his flight to the blockhouse on the Winooski 
River which he reached in an exhausted condition, so straining 
himself in his efforts to reach help quickly that the muscles of his 
face were affected and his eyes bulged out of their sockets for 
the remainder of his life. The tailor made known his narrow 
escape to the commandant of the fort and begged that he pro- 
ceed at once to the Brown cabin, or intercept the savages on their 
way to the lake, but fearing a ruse or through natural coward- 
ice this he refused, to do. The commandant was later court- 
martialed for his non-action, but I have never known whether he 
was adjudged guilty or guiltless. 



94 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Knowing from the man Gibson's statements that there should 
be two boys, half of the Indians with the captives took the journey 
to the lake, the other half remaining to await the return of the 
boys. 

Not suspecting the fate that had befallen their people, the 
boys were easily taken, after which the savages proceeded to sack 
and burn the cabin and barn before following the footsteps of 
the others. 

The Brown family have always been very proud of the care 
given the two little girls by Mrs. Joseph Brown on that terrible 
journey through the Canadian wilderness. 

Fearing retaliation for their misdeeds from the soldiers at 
the fort on the Winooski, the Indians urged their captives to 
make haste which soon tired the little girls, and hindered the ad- 
vance, while the sobs of the youngest so annoyed her captors 
that they threatened to kill her. Foreseeing their intentions, 
Mrs. Brown stepped between them and their intended victim at 
the risk of her own safety, raised the child in her arms, stilled its 
crying, and prevailed on the savages to spare its life. Again 
and again on the journey she carried the children when they be- 
came too tired to walk, or held them in her arms during the long 
hours of the night to keep them from crying. 

The following morning the party reached the lake where a 
much larger band awaited them and in canoes pushed on toward 
Canada where they were delivered over into the hands of the. 
British in camp near Montreal. At the first they were confined 
with a large number of other prisoners, scurvy soon broke out, 
sickness of all kinds was rife, and deaths were an everyday oc- 
currence. 

Lacking cooks for the officers' mess, levy was made on the 
prison camp and Mrs. Brown being known as an excellent cook 
was chosen. Winning the good will of the officers through her 
cooking, she soon demanded that her family be permitted to 
share her labors, and this being granted they were again re- 
united under livable conditions. 

The Browns were held prisoners for nearly three years. 
The Revolution having ended, the soldiers and officers withdrew 
from the camp, and the prisoners were given an opportunity to 
make their way home as best they might. Knowing nothing of 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 96 

the fact that peace had been declared, these scattered and fled 
south, traveling only at night and avoiding all people, eventually 
winning their way once again to Jericho. 

The first year of their return proved the most severe they 
ever experienced. Their cabin had been burned, their stock de- 
stroyed, their land had reverted to waste. Without crops or the 
means to obtain bread they were forced to subsist on game and 
fish until another year again permitted the raising of vegetables 
and grain. That they stuck to their land and did win through 
in the face of every discouragement shows of what stuff these 
people were made. 

This, my friends, is the reason for the erection of this marker 
to the memory of the Browns, and much credit is due to Mr. 
Hayden for his appreciation of their character and efforts in the 
settlement of Jericho and his labors in raising the money neces- 
sary to fittingly memoralize their acts. 

Later, when the Brown property came to be divided, all lands 
north of Brown's River were taken by Charles and all to the 
south by Joseph Brown. 

These members of the Brown family lived and died in Jer- 
icho and were buried in the cemetery on the Castle property now 
owned by Irving Irish. 

This is the story of the Browns. We hope in coming years 
that the beautiful granite marker may recall to our children's 
children something of the trials that beset the people who first 
settled Jericho and somewhat of the persistent spirit that drove 
them to win success in the face of all odds. 

Formal presentation of the marker to the Selectmen of Jer- 
icho by Burke G. Brown as follows. 

BROWN'S SPEECH. 

Ladies and Gentlemen : 

We have met here this afternoon to dedicate this marker to 
the first settlers of the town of Jericho, the Brown family, who 
built the first log cabin within a short distance of where this 
marker stands ; also to present to the town this marker in whose 
care it will be for protection in years to come. 



96 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

We have heard the sorrowful side of the story of hard- 
ships of these first settlers. I will relate a story that happened 
to a descendant by the name of Rufus Brown. He being a good 
ox teamster, was engaged in skidding logs near the so named 
Brown's River with a pair of four-year-old steers. As it got 
time to quit work and was near dark, Rufus stepped between the 
steers to unhook the chain, when the steers quick as a flash 
crowded together and started on a run for the river regardless of 
bridge. Rufus could not get out, so hung to the yoke. The rest 
of the young men at work with him heard the tinkling of that 
chain, music so sweet to woodsmen, that jingle of the staple and 
ring, and saw Rufus, as they then thought, riding to his death. 
They started to his rescue, supposing he would be drowned as 
the oxen plunged over the bank into the river. They ran and 
called, "Rufus! Rufus!" He answered, "Here on the shore 
waiting for thee." As the oxen jumped over the bank Rufus 
dropped out safe and sound. 

I am glad to be one of the descendants of this sturdy Brown 
family and feel honored to be called upon by this committee to 
present this marker to the town, but first, in behalf of the Brown 
descendants, I wish to thank all that have contributed for this 
marker, either in money or work, the selectmen, the road com- 
missioner, and Mr. C. H. Hayden, who has taken so much in- 
terest in its erection. And to you Mr. Hayden, who is to accept 
this marker for the town of Jericho, in behalf of the descend- 
ants of the first settlers of this town, the Brown family, I pre- 
sent this marker. I charge the selectmen and their successors 
hereinafter elected by the town, to care for and protect for years 
to come this marker that represents the first home built in this 
good old town of Jericho. 

ACCEPTANCE FOR THE TOWN BY C. H. HAYDEN AS 

FOLLOWS. 

Ladies and Gentlemen: 

Just now it would seem to be a pleasure to me, if I could 
say, my name is Brown. Denied this honor I have yet had the 
privilege of service, in that it was my part to circulate the svCb- 
scription paper and to write to many of this exceedingly numer- 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 97 

ous family soliciting funds. The generous responses have en- 
abled the Committee on Markers to build better than they had 
anticipated. Allow me to quote from a letter written by G. Wil- 
lis Bass of Minneapolis: 

"It is certainly a praiseworthy "act to honor the first settlers 
of those staunch old pioneers, whose bravery in coming was only 
exceeded by their courage in staying in a new country where the 
only password was Trust and the main experience was Hard- 
ship. In spite of these experiences they built, not so much for 
themselves as for their children and their children's children. 

We are glad to add our mite in thus honoring them and beg 
you to accept with this our best wishes for a successful and joy- 
ous celebration." 

So the service has been made easy by the hearty gifts of the 
descendants of Mr. Brown from whom has come principally the 
money to pay for this memorial. And now, Mr. Brown, the town 
authorities have authorized me to say to you and the many you 
represent that we accept the custody of this memorial erected in 
grateful memory of the first settlers of Jericho. We treat this 
spot as sacred, because it immortalizes the hardships endured by 
our forefathers in settling this portion of our beautiful state. 
No greater wrong can be done the great spirits of the past than 
a failure on the part of their descendants to properly memorial- 
ize their meritorious deeds. We trust that this act of grateful ap- 
preciation on your part may prove as enduring in the hearts of 
the people as the granite which supports the Bronze Inscription. 
And while, by this marker, we perpetuate an incident in town 
history, we are at the same time memorializing State and even 
National History. 

The banquet at 7 :30 P. M. was served at the G. A. R. Hall, 
the menu of which follows : 



98 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

1763 1913 

TOWN OF JERICHO, VERMONT, 

150TH 
ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION 

Banquet 

August 6th, 1913, Riverside, Vt. 

"Now we sit down to chat as well as eat, 
Nothing to do but sit and eat and eat." 



Menu 



Cantaloupes 

"Now if you are ready, Cantaloupe, Dear, 

We can begin to feed," Servis Carroll 

Consomme 

"Spare your breath to cool your porridge," Cervantes 

Salads 

Olives Pickks 

Cold Ham New Beets New Potatoes New Peas 

Chicken Pie Jelly 

"A Bird in the hand is worth two in the Bush," Anon 

Pumpkin Pie Dutch Cheese 

"As ye olden time," 

Coffee 

"Farewell heat and welcome Frost." Anon 

Ice Cream Mints Cake 

"Enough," Macbeth 

Toasts 



"Words do well when he that speaks them pleases those that hear." 

Toastmaster — C. H. Hayden, 

Music 

Our Town, Jericho, Picturesque and Beautiful, Eugene B. Jordan 

Our Business Men — No one is satisfied with his lot, unless it is 

a Lot Buel H. Day 

The Professional Men — One can say everything best over a Meal, 

Rev. William Cashmere 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 99 

Music — Mrs. Linnie C. Buzzell 
Jericho's Soldiers — Give them the chaplets they won in the strife 

Judge C. S. Palmer 
Our Schools— School-houses are the Republic's line of fortifica- 
tions L. C. Stevens 

Our Churches — Character is higher than intellect, Rev. C. Nutting 

Music 
For the Ladies — "No angel, but a dream being all dipt 
In angel instincts, breathing Paradise 
Interpreter between the Gods and men," 

Mrs. Hattie L. Palmer 

Reminiscences Byron C. Ward 

May we look forward with pleasure 

and backward without regret. 

Music 

Impromptus 

"I fear me lest my turn be next." 



Waitresses in Priscilla Costume 

Olive L. Hayden, Marjory A. Hayden, Hazel Knight, 

Daisy McGibbon, Myrtie McGinnis, Madeline Schweig, 

Dorothy Day, Helen Cashmore, Edith Gentry, 

Pauline Smith, Helen Chapin, Grace Fitzsimonds. 



Concerning the exercises of Wednesday the Jericho Re- 
porter commented as follows : 

"The principal features of the celeliration at Jericho for 
Wednesday were the dedication at 6 o'clock P. M., of the marker 
at Riverside in memory of the Brown family and banquet in the 
evening in the G. A. R. Hall. The exercises connected with the 
dedication of the marker were opened by prayer by Rev. A. H. 
Sturges. Hon. B. H. Day, a descendant of the Brown family, told 
the story of their coming from Connecticut and locating in Jer- 
icho not far distant from where the marker stands, their cap- 
ture and the burning of their log cabin by the Indians, their long 
march on foot to Montreal, the selling of them to the English 
officers, their escape and return to their former possessions minus 



100 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

a home, cattle, provisions or the wherewith-all to do with, the 
sufferings they endured while rebuilding a home, etc. Mr. Day's 
recital of the story was deeply interesting and dramatic. B. G. 
Brown for the resident descendants formally presented in a 
very happy manner the marker to the town. The acceptance by 
the town of the marker was, at the request of the selectmen, made 
by C. H. Hayden, who was the promoter of the project and who 
had taken a lively interest in its furtherance and completion. Mr. 
Hayden spoke with much earnestness and feeling. The marker 
stands upon a diamond shaped plot of ground raised and sur- 
rounded by a coping of cement at the confluence of the road 
leading from Jericho to Cambridge and the one leading to Under- 
bill Center. 

The banquet for which 100 covers were laid was held in the 
evening in the G. A. R. Hall and was a most delightful incident 
of the celebration. The menu was excellent and delightfully 
served by young ladies in Priscilla costumes. Postprandial ex- 
ercises with appropriate music followed. C. H. Hayden was 
toastmaster and in a very happy and pleasing manner introduced 
the several speakers, among whom were E. B. Jordan, who re- 
sponded to the toast, "Our Town"; B. H. Day, "Our Business 
Men" ; "Our Professional Men," Rev. William Cashmore ; Judge 
C. S. Palm'er, "Jericho's Soldiers"; L. C. Stevens and Rev. S. H. 
Barnum, "Our Schools"; Rev. C. A. Nutting, "Our Churches"; 
Mrs. Hattie L. Palmer, "For the Ladies." Impromptus were 
called for and responded to by R. B. Galusha, Dr. A. F. Burdick 
and Henry M. Brown. The musical portion of the program 
was of a high order and was furnished by Miss Florence Bux- 
ton on the piano, and Mrs. Linnie Curtis Buzzell and Mrs. Nolan 
rendered solos. An interesting feature of the evening was an 
"Old Grandfather's Clock" which stood in one corner of the 
hall and sounded out the hours in as good a tone and voice as it 
did ISO years or more ago and while striking all other business 
was hushed. This clock was the first clock made in Barre and 
is still in good running order. It has been in the possession of 
the Barry family for 115 years and was loaned for this occasion. 



9:30 a. 


m. 


10:30 a. 


m. 


11:00 a. 


m. 


11:15 a. 


m, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 101 

Chapter VIII. 

EXERCISES OF AUGUST SEVENTH. 

The culmination of the five days' celebration took place at 
Jericho Comers, August 7th, with the following program: 
Baseball game at Athletic Field 
Children singing and Marching with Flags 
A Herald Arrives with News 
Address of Welcome, by Judge C. S. Palmer 

Old soldiers and distinguished guests on plat- 
form, which is decorated with U. S. Flags made by 
the women of this village during the Civil War, 
every stitch by hand 
12:00 m. Dinner 
1 :45 p. m. Arrival of the First Settlers (the Brown family) 

who go to cabin near Athletic Field 
2:00 p. m. Parade of Historical and Illustrative Floats and 

Automobile Display 
3:30 p. m. Floats and Automobiles, also spectators, assemble 

at Athletic Field 
4:00 p. m. Viewed from Athletic Field — Pageant of the cap- 
ture of the Brown Family by Indians 
Vaudeville Float 
Races and Sports 
6:00 p. m. Supper 

7:30 p. m. Dramatic Entertainment at School House Hall, 
"A Rose O'Plymouth Town" 
This order of exercises, previously determined upon by the 
committee was carried out in the main. When the parade came 
down the street it was in the following order: 

Order of Floats. 
Band 
Selectmen 

America, on Horseback 
Uncle Sam, on Horseback 
Vermont, on horseback 
Jericho, on Horseback 
8 



102 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 



Float 
Float 



2. 
3. 



Float 4. 



Pale Face, George and Martha Washington, and Pocahontas, on 

Horseback - 
Float 1. Father Time and the Fairies 
Pioneer Settlers 

Showing what Early Settlers found here: woods, 
wild animals, birds, etc. 
Indians with Wigwam 

Pony Turnouts, with Indian children 
Showing industries of the Settlers 
"Ye Olden Times" 
Going to Church by Pillion 
Going to Church by single bull teani 
Going to Church by double bull team 
Spirits of the Home 
Minute Men with life and drum 
Snow Man and beauties with extreme North land 
Childhood delights and Mrs. Santa Claus destroying 
the old man's whips for bad boys 
Grangers' Float 
Vaudeville Float 
Automobiles 
Indian Riders 

—ALL GO TO— 
Athletic Park to witness the Capture of Brown family by the In- 
dians — ^An Indian race for a wife 

Indian Races and Sports 
The writer is pleased to quote from a very vivid description 
of the day and its proceedings given by Mrs. Jennie Rawson 
Williams. 



Float 


5. 


Float 


6. 


Float 


7. 


Float 


8. 


Float 


9. 


Float 


10. 


Float 11. 


Float 


12. 


Float 


13. 


Float 


14. 


Float 


18. 



150th CELEBRATION AT JERICHO CORNERS, AUG. 7, 

1913. 



While attending the Old Home Day exercises on Tuesday 
at the Center (that well-nigh perfect day) we queried many 
times, "Will this beautiful weather, in these 'Dog-days,' last 
until the Thursday's parade at the Corners ?" Wednesday found 




These Probably Will Caeey with Them Big Memories of the 
Great Celebration. 

Arrival op the Browjvs Preceding the Pageant. 

Departure op the Browns on Their Captivity. 

The Cabin Surroundeh). 




An Intebestisg Group on Athletic B^eld. 

Thk Primitive American Costume. George and Mary Washington. 

Jericho High School. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 103 

the village all alive with preparations. The decorating commit- 
tee were wreathing most of the tree-trunks and telephone poles 
in the village's tree-embowered streets with bands and streamers 
of bunting. A monstrous sign across the road at the top of the 
hill had "Welcome" printed in an unmistakable manner, and pri- 
vate dwellings and business places were well decorated. On the 
little rocky islet. north of the covered bridge an Indian encamp- 
ment peered forth from its leafy surroundings. From the barns 
about the village were to be seen wonderful floats and wagons in 
process of preparation. 

When the morning of the great day broke, the towns-people 
gazed on a most beautiful village, and glorious to say,— 
"Slowly in all his splendorous light. 
The great sun rises to behold the sight." 

The streets began to be crowded early in the day with 
automobiles, teams and people on foot. The Westford Cornet 
Band came early and its music at intervals through the day 
was greatly appreciated. 

Indians in war paint and feathers, some stripped to the 
waist, Dakota maidens on foot or horse, passed swiftly and 
silently through the throng. 

The town's future hope, the school children, at 10:30 as- 
sembled on the graded school steps, with flags in hand and a 
canopy of red, white and blue above them, and sang America, 
Kellar's American Hymn and other patriotic airs. 

Then came the Herald — and strange to say he was a colored 
gentleman with an equally dusky female companion. His satires 
on "white folks' " faults and foibles were thoroughly enjoyed. 

During the dark days of the Civil War, when the town 
was sending its sons to defend our country's flag, the women of 
the village had frequent "sewing circles," where they prepared 
hospital supplies and comforts for those at the front. Their pa- 
triotism prompted them to make a large and beautiful flag. This 
had been hidden for fifty years in the closet of some good care- 
taker, and in its state of perfect preservation, was spread across 
the front of the Congregational Church as a background for the 
speakers' platform which was in front of the church. 

Who more fitting to occupy that platform than the orator, 
our former townsman and now summer guest. Judge C. S. 



104 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Palmer, who fifty years and one month before, had followed the 
flag over the hills and dales of Gettysburg's red field? The 
nobler patriotism resulting from the country's sacrifice of blood 
and treasure during those trying days was an important theme 
with him. 

At twelve, dinners were served in the Methodist and Congre- 
gational church dining rooms, with cold lunches at the Baptist 
church. 

It was the aim of the parade committee to have the day's 
doings as largely historical and symbolical as possible. The 
reproduction of the capture of the Brown Family by the In- 
dians in 1780 necessitated the building of a cabin in surround- 
ings closely resembling the original site. The cabin was built on 
Athletic Field close against a rocky ledge, just about the height 
of the original bluff which was back of the old cabin home, and 
at no great distance from the same little river. Brown and 
family at one o'clock moved into town in an ox cart containing 
their household goods, brass kettles hanging to the axle, a cow 
and calf tied to the cart end, and set up housekeeping in the 
log cabin. The persons who represented the settlers were lineal 
descendants of Mr. Brown, and all bore his name. 

The parade formed in line at the Rawson farm continuing on 
through the village. The "town fathers," selectmen, constables, 
etc., set their approval on the affair by leading it. Of course the 
earliest inhabitants came first. The Indians, both sexes on horse 
back, were followed by a a float representing the denizens of 
the forests and birds of the air. Bears and cruel looking lynx 
crouched beneath the green trees, while the birds rested on the 
branches. A float representing Indian life and occupations, 
women caring for the camp, and making blankets beside the 
tall wigwam, was quite attractive. 

All .the joys of Christmas-tide were brought back to the 
children by the beautiful Santa Claus float drawn by four white 
horses. Santa, himself, Mrs. Santa, beautiful gifts, "Red Rid- 
ing Hood," and "Little Boy Blue," were all there. 

What is older than Time, and aren't the fairies and Cupid 
about as old ? There they all were. Father Time with his scythe, 
beautiful fairies with gauzy wings, dressed in dainty colors, 



' HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 106 

Cupid with his bow and arrows, winged for flight, rolling along 
on a float whose wheels were clock faces. 

Jericho has a man whose work adorns the cabinets of 
museum,s the world over. Wilson Bentley's accurately magni- 
fied photos of our snow crystals are rare indeed. A float covered 
with evergreens for a background had huge representations 
of snow crystals displayed on the sides. But what's that, pole 
on the back end of the float rising out of a mass of ice? Why? 
the north pole itself, with the rival claims of Cook and Peary 
inscribed thereon. 

How beautiful the equestrian figures ! Of course, Uncle 
Sam was there, — and America so fine! A beautiful woman, 
daughter of one of our oldest families, was mounted on a gray 
horse. Her dress was white, draped with a gold fringed silken 
flag, with stars on her head and the shield on her arm. Vermont 
followed on a Morgan horse. Her costume was very appropri- 
ate, being of green and gold with a crown of clover, the State's 
flower. This was Jericho's birthday, the town's golden day, so 
the fair young girl who represented the town was dressed in 
golden yellow, and mounted on a black horse. 

The old time country doctor with saddle-bags before him, 
rode his way', also the Puritan maid and the two couples riding 
to church by pillion. One of these was a bridal couple. The 
folds of the beautiful bride's ample veil and white watered silk, 
floated out as she sat perched up beside her high-hatted chosen 
one. 

A murmur of song floated on the air ; it was "Aunt Nabby," 
sung by the gentle souls of "Ye Olden Time." Dear souls who 
lived when clothes and "bunnits" were made to cover the human 
form divine! Full skirts, billowy crinoline, big bonnets all 
there. Of course a man of their age and time drove the horses 
of their float, but near them was "the Spirit of Home." Was 
this float typical of woman's new freedom? There were bare- 
armed, bare-headed girls, clad in clinging, filmy dresses of white, 
one of them driving the white-trimmed horses and canopied float, 
the others carrying wands tipped with white blossoms. Just 
as good, just as sweet as their older sisters. 

Rah ! Rah ! Rah ! Yes, we have a High School ! See the 
crowd on the banner-decked float. 



106 HISTOKY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

The Irish inhabitants "did themselves proud." There was 
a great float of white with green trimmings covered with in- 
numerable sprigs of shamrock. Erin's fair daughters, a dozen 
in number, sang to the accompaniment of a golden harp, that like 
"the Harp that once through Tara's Halls the soul of music 
shed?" A green wagon contained some reliable representatives 
of the Emerald Isle, and there was also a jaunting car, true to 
life. 

We consider the prosperity and purity of the National life 
to rest largely on the standing of the rural comhiunities ; the 
grange is an important factor in the betterment of country life. 
Mount Mansfield Grange was represented by a float decorated 
with fruits and grains, Flora, Ceres, and Pomona were in at^ 
tendance, and the cutest bossie calf, pure Jersey, chewed his cud 
in a wire-enmeshed enclosure. 

We wondered a bit at the inscription, I. C. Club. It couldn't 
mean womanly .curiosity surely — ^but no, it was just a neigh- 
borhood group of women who industriously Irish crocheted— r 
and talked, sometimes in megaphones. 

A decorated wagon contained an organ and accompanist 
and a fine tenor singer, who sang, — 

"This is our own our native land, 

"Tho' poor and rough she be. 
The home of many a noble soul. 

The birthplace of the free." 

Many private rigs and automobiles were charmingly trimmed. 
Worthy of notice were the Shetland pony turnouts. 

After proceeding to the railroad, near the station, the pro- 
cession turned, coming back on the westerly road, returning to 
Athletic Field where the Browns' capture was carried out in a 
realistic manner. The captive traitor led the Indians to the 
new home, hoping to secure his own freedom. 

Estimates vary about the size of the crowd. Some said 
three thousand, some four, others five! But it was a fine 
orderly crowd, and no unfortunate accident marred the day. 
Suppers were served to many who stayed to enjoy the fine 
drama, "The Rose O' Plymouth Town," in the School House 
Hall that evening. 




FLETCHiat McGiNNis Singing "Old New England." 

The Woods and Its Denizens. 
Pony Turnouts. 
Industries, Automobiles, etc. The Indians with Wigwams. 

At Athletic Park. 



HISTORY OP JEEICHO, VERMONT. 107 

"So sleeps the pride of former days, 

So glory's thrill is o'er, 
And hearts, that once beat high for praise. 

Now feel that pulse no more." 

The following should be included in describing the parade: 

In the long column of Pageants and Floats that passed 
through the streets of Jericho village was an automobile finely 
decorated and filled with ladies and gentleniien displaying a 
large banner gorgeously trimmed, on one side of which was in- 
scribed the words and figures, "1913; Equal Suffrage and Equal 
Rights. It Has Come to Stay in ten States," and on the other 
side were inscribed the words, "Modern Life, Votes for Wo- 
men. Equal Pay for Equal Work for Men and Women." 

I am' pleased also to quote further from the pen of Mr. 
Luther C. Stevens relative to the closing day's celebration: 

The village was simply swamped. A conservative estimate 
places the number of people in attendance at 4,000. Perfect 
order prevailed throughout. There was not one instance of dis- 
turbing nature. 

The Westford band was present and never did a band on 
a like occasion discourse better music or more of it. The com- 
mittee on decorations had done their work wdl. The village 
presented a gala appearance the like of which had never been 
seen here before. It was a pleasing conceit which prompted 
the placing of a couple of wigwams and attendant suggestions 
of Indian life on the island near the covered bridge which was 
one of other like displays about the village. 

The exercises of the day were opened at Athletic Field with 
a game of baseball played by a team from Essex and the Jericho 
boys which was won by the latter by a score of 10 to 1. The 
battery, for the Essex team was Sheehan and Cleveland, and for 
the Jericho boys the "two Ralphs," Brigham and Buxton. Then 
came the singing of patriotic songs by the school children in 
front of the school building, Mrs. Lena Whitten Rice at the 
organ, followed by the address of welcome by Hon. C. S. Pal- 
mer from the front platform of the Congregational Church upon 
which were seated the veterans of the Civil War. 



108 HISTORY: OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

The school children had marched across from the school 
building and formecl a circle in front of the speaker. E. B. 
Jordan presided and iery happily introduced Judge Palmer, who 
spoke in his usual eloquent and impressive manner. At the 
close of the address the school children accompanied by the 
band and the assembled people sang America. Dinner followed 
which was served in the Congregational and Methodist Churches 
and in the Baptist Church ice cream and lunches were served. 
The, dinner was an excellent one consisting of boiled ham, roast 
pork and beef, vegetables and other accessories. 

The special interest of the day was centered upon the 
exercises of the afternoon. The crowd of the morning being 
largely augmented by the arrival of more people, automobiles 
and carriages. Just before the parade the Brown family were 
seen trooping into town, riding on a two-wheeled ox cart with 
a few primitive pieces of household goods and leading a cow and 
sheep. 

The formal parade was led by Constable George Costello 
followed by the Westford band, the selectmen of the town, 
A. C. Johnson, D. E. Bissonett, C. E. Scribner, who with Con- 
stable Costello were mounted. The mounted marshals were 
F. G. Pease, J. H. Safiford, O. H. Brown and Edward Vamey. 

Following these were equestrian representations in costume 
of "America," Mrs. Louise Galusha Mower ; "Uncle Sam," Frank 
Barrow ; "Vermont," Miss Mildred Chapin ; "Jericho," Miss Irene 
Bolger ; "Martha and George Washington," Misses Dorothy Day 
and Mary Wright respectively; "Pocahontas," Miss Anna 
Marchia; "Indian Maiden," Miss Florence Williams; "Squaw 
with papoose on back," Mrs. Fred Foster; "Old Time Doctor," 
L. C. Rice. There were also representations of "Going to church 
by pillion" and a "Newlywed Couple." 

There were 25 or more floats and decorated equipages in 
line. Among these were "Father Time" (S. M. Palmer) and 
the Fairies, "Pioneer Settlers," showing what early settlers found 
here, woods, wild animals, birds, etc.; "Indians with wigwam," 
"Pony turn-outs with Indian children," "Snow Man," (Prof. 
W. A. Bentley) and beauties of the "North Land," with the 
north pole ; "Childhood delights and Mrs. Santa Claus," destroy- 
ing the old man's whips for bad boys ; grangers, etc. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 109 

One feature that attracted no end of attention was a float 
representing "Erin's Daughters." The float was decorated in 
green and white and eight young women in white rode in the 
float singing Irish songs to the accompaniment of Romeo's or- 
chestra. The singers included Mrs. John J. Cross, Miss Emma 
Mulqueen and Miss Marie V. McLaughlin of Burlington, Mrs. 
G. A. Mitiguy of Montrose, N. J., Miss Margaret Reddy and 
Miss Mayme W. Reddy of Malone and Miss Mamie Carroll and 
Miss Mamie Adrien of Jericho. 

A jaunting car contained Mr. and Mrs. F. P. Dower of 
Montpelier and Miss Mary Neary of Burlington. Another in- 
teresting float named "From Emerald's Isle," all in green, con- 
tained Thomas Adrian, John McLaughlin and Charles Reavey. 
F. D. McGinnis and Miss Myrtle Alger rode in a wagon and 
sang "Hurrah for Old New England" at intervals to organ ac- 
companiment of Miss Alger. The Jericho High School had a 
handsome float, the pupils being aboard and giving the school 
yell. Prominent in the automobile section was a car represent- 
ing the Burlington Daily News. 

In the business and mercantile line representations were 
made by the Jericho Granite Co. and E. B. Williams & Co. 

The parade marched down Church street past the park and 
around the "flatiron" and back through Church street to Athletic 
Field where they were lined up upon one side of the field to 
witness the pageant of the capture of the Brown family. This 
scene as enacted was most spectacular and realistic. There 
could not have been a better setting for it. A log cabin had 
been erected at the foot of a high rocky ledge which bounds the 
eastern side of the field and from which the traitor Gibson 
points out to the Indians the cabin of the Brown family and over 
which the Indians came skulking down with their tomahawks 
and guns to the cabin. 

This scene as enacted was historically true as to the number 
of Indians engaged and the members of the Brown family, the 
traitor Gibson and the man Olds, who escaped by jumping 
through the window and running to the woods pursued by the 
Indians with their tomahawks. After the faniily had been cap- 
tured and while being led away the cabin was fired surrounded 



110 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

by the Indians, yelling, dancing and brandishing their toma- 
hawks. 

The principal participants in the drama included descendants 
of the captured family, residents of this town and were Lynn A. 
Brown, who represented Mrs. Joseph Brown and Ray M. Brown 
and two children representing Joseph Brown and his children. 
The Brown boys, Charles and Joseph, Jr., who were out hunting 
did not return until the burning of the cabin, were Francis Mc- 
Mahon and Clement Percival, Donald Percival was the man 
Olds, who escaped, and Frank Flynn represented the traitor, 
Gibson, who was bound and subjected to indignities by the In- 
dians and led away with the other captives. 

After the pageant came a few sports. The 60-yard dash 
was won by Raymtond Ouimette of Burlington, who also won 
the sack race. The three-legged race was won by Ralph Brig- 
ham of this town and Matthew Barney of Richmond. 

The exercises of the day were brought to a close in the eve- 
ning by a second presentation of "A Rose O' Plyrriouth Town" 
given in the hall of the school building which was filled with 
an audience of 300. 

To the untiring effort, the hours of thought, time and 
travel of Chairman B. H. Day, Vice-Chairman C. H. Hayden 
and Secretary E. B. Jordan, of the conimittee who largely planned 
and formulated the carrying out of the celebration is due and 
unanimously conceded .the credit of making the event the grand 
success which it was. 

Chapter IX. 

FINALITIES. 

The financial status of the celebration is shown in the fol- 
lowing report, while the courtesies of the General Committee are 
fittingly expressed in the resolutions. 

Treasurer's Report on Celebration. 

The Celebration Committee met Monday evening at the 
home of Rev. and Mrs. S. H. Barnum. C. H. Hayden, treasurer, 
presented his report to date as follows : 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. Ill 

Treasurer's Report: 

Aug. 25, 1913, Total receipts of Celebration, $846.40. 

Total money paid out, $590.82. 

Balance on hand, $255.5o. 

This balance was set aside for the purpose of publishing 
a history of the town of Jericho. 

Every feature of the Celebration work showed a profit. 
Much satisfaction was expressed by the members of the General 
Committee over the success of the celebration and the excep- 
tionally fine financial showing. 

The following resolutions were introduced and adopted : 

Resolved: That the thanks of this committee are due to the 
citizens of Jericho for the cordial support given in carrying out 
the Town Celebration program. 

Resolved: That the thanks of this committee are hereby 
given the press of our county, who have so generously aided in 
giving publicity to our plans, and for the most excellent reports 
of the celebration by thein given. 

Resolved: That we fully appreciate the services of our 
President, B. H. Day, for the able manner in which he has pre- 
sided over our deliberations, also the untiring and faithful serv- 
ices of our Secretary, E. B. Jordan. 

Resolved: That we acknowledge with gratitude the help- 
ful presence of the lady members of this committee and attribute 
much of the success of the celebration to them, not forgetting 
the dainties, etc., they and others furnished us, all of which 
have seemed to fill in so well. 

Resolved: That our association should be productive of a 
better town and community spirit, greatly increased business ac- 
tivities, better schools, stronger churches and an enlarged citizen- 
ship. 

Resolved: That the thanks of the general committee are 
due and are hereby tendered to the dramatic committee and 
especially to Mrs. Medora Schweig, as manager, and to the 
young ladies and gentlemen: C. Harold Hayden, Carl E. Nay, 
Ralph L. W. Smilie, Harlie F. Ross, Hazel E. Knight, Hope 
Scribner, Madeline Schweig and Olive L. Hayden and Mrs. H. 
H. Higgins, for the highly successful presentations of the 



112 HISTORT OF JERICHO, VBRMONT. 

beautiful drama, "A Rose O' Plyrnouth Town," during our 
celebration week. 

The intention of the author of this write up has been to 
impartially, completely, and truthfully portray the different func- 
tions of the great celebration, and, if he has omitted anything 
which ought to have been written, or if anything has been 
printed which ought not to have been, it is wholly unintentional. 

Is it vain for the writer to hope that the reader has pursued 
this recital of the events of the great celebration with a high de- 
gree of pleasure; has looked with some degree of satisfaction 
upon the pictures and scenes reproducing to the mind what then 
and there took place, in short, that this book will always be a 
source of delight because of the happy hours and memories it 
recalls ? 




LaFatette "Wilbur. 

Member of tlie General Committee. Member of the Historical Com- 
mittee. Member of the Banquet Committee. Author of the Early 
History of Vermont in four volumes, and the Morse Genealogy. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 113 

PART THIRD. 

HISTORICAL JERICHO. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

Chapter I. 

INTERESTING FACTS FROM THE EARLY RECORDS, ARRANGED 
CHRONOLOGICALLY. 

All who became inhabitants of Jericho after the sixty-six 
Grantees had received their Charter by Benning Wentworth, Gov- 
ernor of the Province of New Hampshire under King George 
the III, were subject to the Charter provisions and to the Com- 
mon Law of England. The enforcement of contracts and the 
punishment of crimes were under this Common Law. 

The township remained a dense, unbroken wilderness until 
1774, in which year Roderick Messenger, Azariah Rood and 
Joseph Brown emigrated from western Massachusetts. Mes- 
senger located on Onion River near where the road leading from 
Jericho village intersects the Onion River road. Azariah Rood 
purchased a large tract of land and built his house in the south 
part of the town on what is now known as the Edgar Barber 
farm. Joseph Brown located and built his log house near Under- 
bill, a little south of the river bearing his name. This family 
was twice captured by Indians and taken to Canada, where they 
were sold to British officers at eight dollars a head and held as 
prisoners for more than three years. Full particulars of their 
capture and experiences will be found in the historical address 
of L. F. Wilbur, and in the presentation speech of Buel H. Day 
at the dedication of the Brown Marker. 

The hardships, difficulties and dangers that attended the 
coming of these first families to fell the forests and make for 
themselves homes in the dense wilderness that Jericho was then, 
may hardly be realized in this d&y of plenty and modem sur- 
roundings. Difficulties unforeseen multiplied. Vermont pio- 



114 (HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

neers had purchased their lands and received their titles from 
Governor Wentworth of New Hampshire. Afterwards New 
York advanced her claim to all lands west of the Connecticut 
river and sought to force the settlers to pay for their lands a 
second time. Both New Hampshire and New York claimed 
title to this land through grants from the same source, but New 
Hampshire abandoned her claim and withdrew her protection 
from the settlers, leaving them to contest their rights with New 
York as best they might. 

The British, invading the rebellious colonies from the north, 
urged the Indians to rob and make captive the pioneers. So 
perilous became the position of these settlers that they' were 
forced to withdraw until peace was declared between the States 
and Great Britain. Peace having been declared, Brown, Rood 
and Messenger returned to their land and from that time on the 
increase of settlers was rapid. 

In 1786 a move was made to organize the town. Honorable 
John Fassett, a judge of the Supreme Court, legally warned a 
meeting of the freeholders and other inhabitants of the com- 
munity to be held on March 22, 1786. The meeting was held 
pursuant to the warning and chose James Farnsworth, moder- 
ator; Lewis Chapin, town clerk; and Peter McArthur, con- 
stable. Farnsworth was also chosen justice of the peace. The 
officers were sworn to discharge their duties according to law, 
and the meeting adjourned to meet on the "Second Tuesday of 
June next at ten o'clock in the morning," and on June 13th, 
1786, they met according to adjournment and chose Deacon 
Azariah Rood, Captain Joseph Hall and Mr. Jedediah Lane, 
selectmen; Lewis Chapin, treasurer; Abel Castle, Daniel Stan- 
nard and John Fairwell, surveyors of highways. 

A meeting warned by the constable met on the 13th day of 
June, A. D., 1786 and chose Daniel Stannard to attend a conven- 
tion at Manchester. It is not certain what the nature of this con- 
vention was, but probably it was political. 

At a meeting warned by the selectmen held September 27, 
1786, Captain Joseph Hall was chosen moderator, and it was 
voted "that the selectmen go to Esqr. Savage to see how the in- 
habitants can be paid for cutting roads, and agree with Esqr. Sav- 
age to work out sixty pounds on the roads." This meeting was ad-' 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 115 

joumed to October 4, on which date Lewis Chapin was chosen as 
agent to go to the assembly with a petition for the grant of a 
tax on the land in Jericho to be used in cutting roads and build- 
ing bridges. 

By a permit from the General Assembly in session at Rut- 
land, October, 1786, the town of Jericho was given the liberty to 
choose a member to attend the assembly at its adjourned ses- 
sion to be held at Bennington in February, 1787. Under said 
permission on tKe 29th day of November, 1786, the town chose 
Jedediah Lane their representative. He was the first of a long 
list of representatives chosen between the years 1786 and 1913, 
whose names together with number of years each served, as well 
as a list of the town clerks, dates of their election, and number 
of years each served, will be found in the historical address of 
L. F. Wilbur given elsewhere in this volume. 

Town officers were paid no extravagant salaries in these 
early days as is evidenced by a vote taken in March, 1806, at 
which it was agreed to allow the selectmen seven dollars and 
fifty cents for their year's services, viz.: Eleazer Hubbell, $2.50; 
Samuel Day, $3.00 ; and Jedediah Field, $2.00, with a six pence on 
the pound to the collector for collecting the town taxes. 

The town officers for the years 1787 and 1788 were mainly 
the same, some of the men holding different offices. At the town 
meeting held March 13th, 1787, it was voted to have five select- 
men and John Lee was elected the fifth one, the name of the 
fourth selectman not being given. It was also voted to have 
two constables and Peter McArthur and Benjamin Farnsworth 
were elected. Joseph Hall was chosen grand juror; Jonathan 
Castle and Leonard Hodges, listers ; Roderick Messenger, leather 
sealer ; Joseph Hall, sealer of weights and measures ; three sur- 
veyors of highwayis were elected ; Ichabod Chapin and John Fair- 
well were chosen tythingmen; and it was voted to give Lewis 
Chapin one pound and sixteen shillings for attending the assem- 
bly as agent, and eighteen shillings for a book of ear-marks. A 
tax of nine pounds in cash was also voted, as well as to accept 
the road from Essex line to Bolton line, and the road from Essex 
Kne to Underbill line from Jedediah Lane's through by Messrs. 
Castle's and Brown's. 

At a town meeting held September 4, 1787, it was voted 



116 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

"That the dwelling house of Ben Bartlet be the place for holding 
town meetings for the future, and that the bridge by Jedediah 
Lane's be a town bridge." "At this meeting Daniel Stannard, 
Joseph Wilson and Jedediah Lane were elected the first pound 
keepers and it was voted that their stables be used for pounds. 

At the annual town meeting held March 24th, 1788, Roder- 
ick Messenger, Abel Castle and Leonard Hodges were chosen 
selectmen; Peter McArthur and Benjamin Farnsworth, con- 
stables and collectors of rates; Lewis Chapin, Noah Chittenden 
and John Fairwell, list takers ; James Farnsworth, town treasurer ; 
J. McFarlin and Timothy Brown, leather sealers ; and John Rus- 
sel, tythingman. 

The duties of the tythingman were to keep the peace and 
preserve good order in church during divine service, to make com- 
plaint of any disorderly conduct and to enforce the observance of 
the Sabbath. Many a boy and many a .girl was reminded during 
the church service by the use of the tything rod in the hands of 
the tythingman that better behavior was demanded from them. 

At this meeting Azariah Rood and James Farnsworth were 
elected a committee to hire a candidate for preacher and it was 
voted that "We will raise money to pay a candidate for preach- 
ing two months." 

At an adjourned meeting it was voted that the "Selectmen 
warn the town meetings where they see fit for the time being, and 
establish the roads in the different places in the town as they 
shall deem legal without further orders." 

At an adjourned annual town meeting held on the 14th day 
of April, 1789, it was voted to allow Roderick Messenger twenty 
shillings, Leonard Hodges twelve shillings, and Abel Castle ten 
shillings for their services as selectmen. The meeting chose 
Deacon Azariah Rood, Ebenezer Bartlett, Azariah Lee and Lewis 
Chapin to join the selectmen as a committee "To look out a bury- 
ing place as near the middle of the town as may be." 

At a 'town meeting held April 24th, 1789, it was voted to 
"draw the money out of the town treasury to pay for what preach- 
ing we had the year past, and to choose a committee of three to 
provide preaching the ensuing season." At a town meeting held 
September 1st, 1789, it was voted that a tax of two pence on the 
pound of the list of that year be raised to defray town expenses, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 117 

and "that it be raised in wheat at six shillings, rye at four shillings 
and nine pence and corn at four shillings, per bushel." On the 
same day a town meeting was held "for the purpose of trying 
to settle Mr. Reuben Parmalee in the Ministry in this town." On 
September 28th, 1789, at a legally warned town meeting it was 
voted "that the selectmen make a rate on the present list sufficient 
to pay Mr. Parmalee for preaching in this town the summer past," 
and voted "That the grounds looked out by the committee near 
Lewis Chapin's dwelling house for a burying place be improved 
for that purpose," and they chose "Noah Chittenden, Roderick 
Messenger and Jedediah Lane committee to agree with Mr. 
Chapin for the land for that purpose." This meeting also chose 
Roderick Messenger, Jonathan Castle and John Russell tavern 
keepers. 

At the annual town meeting, March 15th, 1790, fence viewers 
were chosen for the first time. It was voted "to hire preaching 
on probation for settlement" and Lewis Chapin, Noah Chitten- 
den Esq., and Deacon Azariah Rood were chosen a committee 
"to hire preaching." 

The early settlers of Jericho were so intensely religious and 
so desirous of keeping up divine service among the people that 
they met at private dwellings and in barns, even in winter when 
there. were no means of warming them. 

At a town meeting July 10th, 1790, it was voted "that two- 
thirds of the time we meet for public worship at William Smith's 
and one-third at Captain J. Russell's and to hire Mr. Kingsbury 
nine Sabbaths more, being twelve in the whole." At that meet- 
ing Martin Chittenden, Peter McArthur and Thomas D. Rood 
were chosen "to attend to and lay out the Public Rights of land in 
this town." 

September 7th, 1790, at an adjourned meeting, it was voted 
to give Mr. Kingsbury a call to the work of the ministry in this 
town and "a settlement fee of two hundred pounds including the 
ministry Right" and "to give him thirty-five pounds salary the first 
year and rise with the list until it shall amount to eighty pounds 
per annum." The meeting also voted "that the neighborhood on 
Onion River in the south part of the town should have their 
money refunded back that they pay towards the settlement of 
Mr. Kingsbury over and aJ)ove what the public Right amounts to 



118 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

at a time when they shall be legally set oflf by authority to unite 
with another society." At an adjourned meeting, October 4th, 
1790, it was voted "that if the salary voted to Mr. Kingsbury does 
not rise to eighty pounds in seven years the eighth year it shall 
be eighty pounds and the settlement which the town has already 
agreed to give Mr. Kingsbury be raised within one year after his 
ordination, in neat cattle or grain or materials for building at the 
common going price amongst us, and that the first settled minister 
have forty cords of wood delivered to his door, he finding the 
wood." 

Dec. 7th, 1790, Martin Chittenden, Esq., was chosen by the 
freemen, in meeting assembled, member to a State convention 
to be held on the first Thursday of January, 1791, at Bennington, 
for the purpose of considering and adopting the Federal Con- 
stitution of the United States. 

At a town meeting April 4th, 1791, it was voted "that the 
neighborhood on Onion River in the south part of this town be 
immediately set off to join the South Society in Williston." At 
this meeting "objection having been made to allowing Mr. Kings- 
bury forty cords of wood and paying him eighty pounds the eighth 
year if he should become their minister as was proposed and voted 
at a former meeting, Mr. Kingsbury being called upon agreed to 
relinquish the proposal for the forty cord of wood and agreed that 
if the salary did not amount to eighty pounds in ten years, it 
should be eighty pounds the eleventh year." This modification of 
the original proposal was accepted and he became their minister, 
continuing to serve them in that capacity until 1808. At this 
same meeting it was voted to "meet for public worship on the 
Sabbath at William Smith's barn for the future." At the town 
meeting held April 21st, 1791, it was voted "that Noah Chitten- 
den, Esq., be appointed to provide for the Ordaining Council 
the 22nd of June next." On the 14th of November, 1791, it was 
voted "that Mr. Messenger be allowed three pounds lawful money 
for providing for the Ordaining Council last June." It was also 
voted "to meet for public worship at the dwelling house of Elon 
Lee the ensuing winter, and to have but one exercise on the Sab- 
bath from the first of December next to the first of March next 
and to begin at eleven o'clock in the morning." 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 119 

March 28th, 1792, it was voted "to raise a tax of sixty dollars 
on the grand list for the purpose of building a bridge over Brown's 
river ; except the proportion of that part of the town that is set 
off to Williston, they to work theirs out on bridges on Onion 
River road, to be worked out by the first of October next at four 
shillings per day or paid in wheat at four shillings and six pence 
per bushel" ; a committee of four was chosen to superintend the 
labor; and it was voted "to discharge Mr. Josim Morgan from 
paying any part of Ebenezer Kingsbury's settlement." April 16th, 
1792, it was voted "that we meet for public worship at Lewis 
Chapin's barn the ensuing summer." 

At a town meeting, September 4th, 1792, it was voted to "run 
the town line between this town and a certain part of the town 
which has heretofore been set off to the Southeast Society in Wil- 
liston," and Joseph Wilson, Benjamin Famsworth, Noah Chit- 
tenden and Nathan Moore were elected a committee to run the 
line. 

January 7th, 1793, the records show a freemen's meeting was 
held "for the purpose of choosing a representative to the Con- 
gress of the United States of North America." At the election 
Israel Smith was chosen as representative to succeed himself. 

The religious spirit entered largely into the daily life of these 
early settlers and the foundations of the town as well as of the 
family were builded upon the rock of the "word of God." March 
4th, 1793, we find the record that in town meeting assembled it 
was voted "to meet for public worship this time at Elon Lee's in 
cold weather and at William Smith's barn in warm weather for 
one year." 

June 24th, 1793, Martin Chittenden was chosen to attend 
the convention called to decide if the Constitution should be es- 
tablished according to the resolution. 

(Editor's note: The convention above referred to was held 
at Windsor, July 4, 1793, for the j)urpose of amending the State 
Constitution, and no further changes were made until 1828). 

March 18th, 1794, the freemen assembled chose John Hol- 
lenbeck agent to attend the committee appointed to set the stake 
for Chittenden county court house and inform said committee, 
"that it is our wish that the stake be set in the most convenient 
place in the county as near the center as may be consistent with 



120 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

the good of the whole," and it was further voted "that it is our 
wish that the stake be set in this town if it be not repugnant to 
the foregoing vote." (Which request seems not to have met with 
favor from the above said committee). 

At a freemen's meeting held September 2nd, 1794, to cast 
votes for State officers, out of a total vote of 72 for governor 
Thomas Chittenden polled 45 ; Peter Olcott had 42 votes for lieu- 
tenant governor; and Roswell Hopkins a majority of 13 votes 
for state treasurer. 

At a town meeting, October 2nd, 1794, it was voted that 
"every man write his place for a meeting house and put it into a 
hat." The result of this voting showed no majority for any one 
place, and accordingly Noah Chittenden, John Lyman, Dudley 
Stone, Jedediah Lane and Thomas Bentley were chosen a com- 
mittee of arbitration to decide on a site and set the stake. The 
committee agreed on Captain Bartlett's lot, and so reported, but 
the voters did not agree to adopt the report, and at an adjourned 
meeting, November 13th, 1794,- voted "to choose (accept) a com- 
mittee to be appointed by the County Court to set a meeting 
house stake." Amos Brownson of Williston,' Samuel Bradley 
of Essex, and Phineas Loomis of Burlington, were the County 
Court committee appointed, but the town records are silent as 
to their action. Undoubtedly, however, they "set the stake" on 
the green in front of the present Congregational Church building 
at Jericho Center, for on June 3rd, 1795 the town "voted that the 
town purchase four acres of land for a green around the meet- 
ing house stake." December 30th, 1794, it was voted "to build a 
meeting house of a sufficient bigness for the town during the life 
of the building," and January 13th, 1795, Col. Noah Chittenden 
brought forward a plan to build a meeting house "51 feet by 60 
feet with a pulpit in one end," which was unanimously adopted, 
but at a subsequent meeting, November 18th, the size of the build- 
ing was changed to 54 feet long and 50 feet wide. January 13th, 
1795, it was voted "to have a subscription paper to sign our equal 
proportion according to our list of the year 1795 in setting up, 
covering, enclosing the outside, laying the under floor and light- 
ing a meeting house the ensuing summer." Noah Chittenden 
was chosen to superintend the building, and Martin Chittenden 
to draft the subscription paper or papers. March 10th it was voted 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 121 

to build the meeting house with a square roof. The people de- 
cided by vote to hold public worship in private houses and barns 
until the meeting house was ready for use, also that sheep be 
prohibited from running at large on the common. 

June 3rd, 1795, Noah Chittenden, Benjamin Bartlett and 
Thomas D. Rood were appointed a committee to lay out the 
land that had been purchased for a meeting house green, and the 
heads of the three classes that had been employed to build the 
house "see to chopping and clearing off the land for the Green 
the present summer, one-third each." Noah Chittenden, Ben- 
jamin Bartlett and Thomas D. Rood were also instructed to 
"find and agree for a suitable and convenient place or places for 
burying the dead." 

November 18th it was voted to build the meeting house with 
the proceeds of the pews sold at public vendue at the next ad- 
journed town meeting, and Noah Chittenden, Thomas D. Rood 
and Benjamin Bartlett were chosen a committee to number the 
pews and sell the same at public vendue, taking obligations from 
the bidders and regulating the time and manner for paying said 
obligations. The report of this committee made at the town meet- 
ing held December 9th was accepted, and it was voted that Rev. 
Ebenezer Kingsbury have liberty to choose a pew for his family, 
who accordingly chose the pew by the pulpit stairs and proposed 
to give forty-five pounds toward the building to be paid out of 
his salary. It was voted to sell the pews "first bid to be first pick, 
and so on, and to pick every one his bid on the plan now on the 
spot." Forty-two pews were sold at prices ranging from sixty- 
one to six pounds. 

March 10th, 1796, it was voted that "nine dollars be taken 
out of the town treasury of the money that was raised for the pur- 
pose of getting powder and lead for town stock, and to pay the 
Court Committee who set the meeting house stake." 

March 13th, 1797, it was voted "that the owners of any 
sheep shall be accountable for any damage which the sheep do." 

September 5th, 1797, voted "that it is the sense of the free- 
men of Jericho that the act laying duties on stamped vellum 
Parchment and paper, passed by Congress July 6th, 1797, will be 
in its operation unequal and oppressive, and that our represent- 



122 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

ative be requested to use every exertion in his power that the same 
be repealed." 

It was voted on March 20th, 1798, "that the pole that is now 
ready to be raised, be the town sign post." (Editor's note : The 
pole above referred to was undoubtedly a flag pole erected on 
the common upon which warnings for town meetings were to be 
posted). 

Voted September 4th, 1798, "that there be a town tax of one 
hundred dollars to be made up on the list of 1798 and be paid into 
the town treasury in wheat at one dollar per bushel and Indian 
corn at 67 cents per bushel." 

At the annual town meeting March 5th, 1799, it was voted 
that the town treasurer be directed to procure at the expense of 
the town standards for weights and measures, and "that all horses, 
kine, swine and sheep shall not be free commoners." 

March 27th, 1799, at a town meeting warned and held at 
the meeting house, it was voted "that the proprietors and land 
owners proceed to take the privilege of the act authorizing the 
proprietors and land owners to divide .their lands into severalty," 
and preparatory to the division "Hon. Noah Chittenden, John 
Hollenbeck and Thomas D. Rood were chosen a committee to call 
on Mrs. Allen for the records of Jericho, and to draw an ad- 
vertisement according to the act, and see that it is inserted in the 
public print according to law." It was also voted to divide the 
town into school districts, and a committee of seven was chosen 
for that purpose. It does not appear that any action relative 
to school districts was taken by that committee. 

At a town meeting held October 30th, 1800, it was voted 
that "the town do not choose to have inoculation for the small pox 
set up in town this season." This meeting also chose Eleazar 
Hubbell, Thomas D. Rood, Benj. Bartlett, Noah Chittenden and 
Jonathan Castle committee to look out the most convenient place 
or places for a burying ground in town, to see on what terms 
these could be procured, and to report at the next meeting. It 
was again voted to divide the town into school districts and a com- 
mittee of seven was chosen to plan the division and report at the 
next town meeting. At the annual meeting March 2nd, 1801, the 
freemen voted "to give liberty to the town to set up the smallpox 
next fall under the directions of the selectmen," and again in 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 123 

March, 1802, the town, in meeting assembled, decided "to ad- 
mit smallpox by inoculation from the first of November to the 
last day of February next under proper regulations." 

Town records show that even in those early days there was 
negligence in "paying the minister," as on April 7th, 1800, a vote 
was taken "to accept Mr. Kingsbury's proposal to settle up the 
arrearages of his salary and then alter the principles of his sup- 
port; and it was voted to accept of Mr. Kingsbury's proposal, 
and to agree with him in calling a council for the purpose of dis- 
missing hiin unless a Society should be formed to support him 
by the tenth of May next." This Society September 15th, of the 
following year, voted to dismiss him, and a committee of five 
was appointed to procure preaching in case Mr. Kingsbury should 
"be'' dismissed. October 2nd, 1801, Martin Chittenden, Thomas 
D. Rood and Benj. Bartlett were made a committee "in calling a 
council to dismiss him." Meanwhile the congregation was evi- 
dently increasing, as at a meeting of the proprietors of the meet- 
ing house, October 30th, 1800, it had been voted to sell the gal- 
lery pews. 

The settlers of New England, among whom those of Ver- 
mont and of Jericho were no exception, were deeply religious and 
believed it incumbent upon the town to support the church and 
its minister by means of a direct tax, and laws were created mak- 
ing this tax compulsory. The ruling church was the Congrega- 
tional, and every tax payer, regardless of creed, was obliged to 
contribute to its support. Gradually among those of differing 
creeds arose a spirit of revxAt against this interference with lib- 
erty of conscience, and eventually any individual whose religious 
belief was not in accord with the community church was relieved 
from its support upon presentation to the proper authorities of a 
certificate showing him to be a member of some other church or 
creed. The following are copies of two such certificates filed with 
the Jericho town authorities by citizens whose religious beliefs 
were at variance with the Congregational Church. 

"This certifies that Joseph Brown, Timothy Brown, Abel 
Castle, Jonathan Castle, Nathaniel Bostwick, Charles Brown, 
Joseph Brown, Jr., and Lewis Castle are professors of the Epis- 
copal Church and attend public worship that way. Certified at 



124 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Jericho in the county of Chittenden, State of Vermont this 5th 
day of June, 1788. 

By me Reuben Garlick, Rector. 

Entered to record June 5th, 1788. 

And recorded by me Jonathan Castle, Town Clerk." 

"This may certify Hezekiah Clark is a member of the Bap- 
tist Society in Jericho and professedly of sentiment similar with 
this society. 

Given under my hand as Moderator, 

Edward Fay. 

Entered and recorded June 17th, 1793. 

Per me Jonathan Castle, Town Clerk." 

At a town meeting January 27, 1836, the following resolution 
was read and adopted : 

"Whereas, the proprietors of the building heretofore denom- 
inated the old meeting house in Jericho have sold or transferred 
their interest in the same and the said house is about being taken 
down whereby the said town will be deprived of the usual place 
of holding freeman's meetings ; therefore 

Resolved, That a committee of three persons be appointed at 
the present meeting who are hereby empowered to receive pro- 
posals for building or furnishing a town house to be hereafter 
used and occupied by the town of Jericho on all occasions for 
the transaction of town business." 

The building having been taken down, the Selectmen warned 
a town meeting for the 12th day of August, 1836, to be held 
"on the Common or Green" (on which the meeting house had 
stood) and at the meeting it was voted to adjourn "to the base- 
ment of the new meeting house" Sept. 6th, 1836. 

Robert Balch, Oliver Lowry and Truman Galusha were 
chosen a committee at a meeting, May 1st, 1837, to provide a 
place for the transaction of town business until after the fol- 
lowing March meeting, and to confer with the proprietors of 
the new meeting house as to an arrangement with them for such 
room. The committee reported September 5th, "that the pro- 
prietors of the new meeting house at the Center, will let the 
town occupy the north room of the basement of the new meeting 
house for a town room to be used for all political meetings 
of the town for the sum of two hundred dollars with interest from 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 125 

the first day of March, 1837, one-half to be paid in the month 
of June, A. D., 1838, and the other half in the month of June, A. 
D., 1839." The town voted to accept the report, of its committee, 
as well as to raise the money "for the payment of the basement 
to the meeting house for town business." There is quite a dif- 
ference in the amount of money required to defray the town 
expenses in 1837 and in 1913. In 1837 the tax was ten cents 
on the dollar of the list, while in 1913 it was $1.40 on the 
dollar of the grand list. Earlier we find that for many years 
town affairs were so managed that a tax on the grand list 
from three and one-half to six cents on the dollar was suffi- 
cient to defray the ordinary town expenses. 

At a special town meeting held on the 21st of July, 1812, 
Truman Barney was chosen constable to serve in the place of 
Oliver Lowry, "who is detached in the Militia of this State and 
ordered to actual service." The said Oliver Lowry addressed 
his resignation as Constable to the Selectmen in writing and it 
was accepted by them and recorded. 

In November, 1820, it was voted "that individuals have the 
privilege of building sheds on the public green, and that the 
owners of the sheds move, build, and finish them where they 
now stand, and that others have the privilege of building on 
the west end of same." These sheds were for the accommoda- 
tion of church-goers. (Editor's note: Meaning, doubtless, that 
permission was given to such as had sheds to shift about and 
repair the same. Permission also was given to others to build 
new at the west end.) 

At a freeman's meeting held on the last Tuesday of May, 
1814, Heman Lowry was elected as a "delegate to represent 
this town in a convention to be holden at Montpelier on the 
first Thursday of July next for the purpose of bringing into 
consideration certain amendments to the Constitution of this 
State proposed by the Council of Censors November, 1813. 

There was an article in the warning for a Town Meeting 
to be held on the 6th day of March, 1821, "To see if the Town 
will agree to request the Postmaster General to remove the 
Postoffice to the Center of said Town," which was northeast of 
the present village of Jericho Center. The meeting did so vote 



126 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

and instructed the Town Clerk to notify the Washington au- 
thorities of the action of the Town. 

At a Town Meeting held September 4th, 1821, it was 
voted that "it is the sense and wish of the inhabitants of the 
Town of Jericho in a Town Meeting assembled that the jail 
be erected at Williston if the inhabitants of said Town will 
erect it at their own expense." 

At a Town Meeting held March 4, 1822, Noah Chittenden 
was chosen to represent the Town "in the convention of the 
people of the State of Vermont to be holden at the State House 
in Montpelier on the third Thursday of February next for the 
purpose of taking into consideration certain amendments of the 
Constitution proposed by the Council of Censors on March last." 

At a Town Meeting held March 8, 1825, the Auditors re- 
ported that the Town had obtained a judgment against the Town 
of Milton of about three hundred dollars, and there would be a 
balance to pay into the Treasury after paying the costs of two 
hundred and fifty dollars. 

At a Town Meeting held March 7, 1843, it was voted that 
Constable be put up to the highest bidder, and Horatio B. Barney 
bid the highest, $26.00, but the Meeting chose Dana Bicknell 
first Constable. 



Chapter II. 
SCHOOLS. 

THE REMAINING CHAPTERS ARE ARRANGED TOPICALLY. 

The value of education was early recognized by our New 
England forebears and the means for its dispensation was almost 
as important a matter with them as was the establishment of a 
church. The winter school as first evolved was supported by 
the pupils attending, the master boarding around among the 
familes he served. Later came the summer session, sometimes 
presided over by a "mistress," whose services in the winter were 
not desired because the large boys who attended during the 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 127 

colder months required the heavy hand of a strong man to keep 
them in order. 

Teachers' salaries were small and were paid in grain, the 
hardworking pedagogue sometimes being required to wait a 
year for a settlement. 

As late as 1860 town records show that the average paid 
a male teacher per month was but $14 to $20, while that paid the 
"schoolma'am" was an average of only $5 to $10. 

The original division of the town into school districts was 
largely a matter of convenience, children being obliged in many 
cases to go long distances to school. However as the settlers 
increased, the need of more and better schools was recognized 
and the matter of their establishment was taken under considera- 
tion by the town. The first move in this direction by the town 
of Jericho seems to have been shortly previous to 1802, for in 
that year it was voted to "accept the seven school districts as 
brought forward by the Selectmen" ; and the following board of 
school trustees was chosen: "1st District, Reuben Lee; 2nd, 
Charles Brown; 3d, John Lyman; 4th, Noah Chittenden; 5th, 
James Bentley, Jr. ; 6th, William Rood, and 7th, Wm. Young." 

From time to time as necessity required the town increased 
the number of school districts from the seven above mentioned 
to sixteen, and frequently by vote transferred persons living in 
one district to another where it would be more convenient. 

March 5th, 1822, by vote of the town, School Districts Nos. 
9 and 10 were created out of a part of the lands of District No. 1. 
A portion of District No. 5 was set off to a School District in Un- 
derbill to be accomplished under the direction of a committee 
therewith appointed. March 4th, 1823, School District No. 12 
south of Jericho Corners was created out of a part of District No. 
3. School District No. 6 was given leave to organize with a part 
of Richmond. In March, 1824, the 12th School District was 
annexed to District No. 3, and the selectmen were appointed a 
committee to examine the condition of the records and to pro- 
cure a suitable bookcase for the books of the town. 

At the annual meeting in March, 1832, the Third School 
District was divided by the line of the road leading to the grist 
mill, east of this line to be known as the 14th School District, 



128 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

but the following year these Districts were again united under 
name of District No 3. 

As before stated, families in one School District were some- 
times transferred to a District more convenient! March 27, 
1827, Billings Strowd was so transferred, being set off to the 
4th School District in Bolton, the town of Bolton having voted 
to receive him into their fold. March 4th, 1828, Vincent Nash 
was set off to the 10th School District in Richmond, he having 
presented the following certificate. 

"At a school meeting legally warned and holden in the Tenth 
School District in Richmond it voted to receive Mr. Vincent 
Nash of Jericho in said District according to an act in that 
case made and provided. Dated at Richmond, the 3rd day of 
March, 1828." 

This certificate was signed by the District Clerk. 

On the 5th day of March, 1822, at a town meeting Simon 
Bicknell, William A. Prentis, Hosea Bliss, Lemuel Blackman, 
William P. Richardson, Truman Galusha and Joseph Porter 
were chosen a superintending committee for common schools. 
This was a committee of uncommon ability. 

Money for the support of the schools was first raised by a 
direct tax on the families of so much per scholar, but this method 
soon gave way to the more equitable one of figuring the tax upon 
the district grand list. March 3rd, 1812, a tax of one per cent, 
on the dollar was voted the support of schools, to be paid in 
grain. 

That the assessors might have no difficulty in allotting the 
value of real estate to its proper School district, March 1st, 1842, 
it was voted that the selectmen determine the boundaries of 
School districts in any doubtful cases. It was likewise voted 
"that the preference to loan out the surplus money be given those 
who have not had any of the surplus money, and that Joseph 
P. Lavigne, Peter Bissonnette and Abraham Butler have their 
portion of the pubUc money." 

March 3rd, 1868, two central schools were established in town 
designated as No. 1 and No. 2. No. 2 included School districts, 
Nos. 2, 3, 8, and 11 and that part of No. 7 in Underbill which lay 
in the town of Jericho; while No. 1 included the remainder of 
the town. A committee of three for each Central school was ap- 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 129 

pointed to provide suitable housing and to locate the same. This 
committee were given power to assess a tax on the list of their 
respective districts, to defray the expense of these Central schools, 
and to elect a prudential committee of three for each school. 
Nothing came of the project however. 

School superintendents were faithful to the duties of their 
office, as is shown by the report of Rufus Smith to the town meet- 
ing of 1856. As superintendent he had examined and licensed 
twenty-six teachers ; had made four visits to the dififerent schools 
in town; and had found the number of scholars attending to be 
366; the number of scholars in each District being as follows: 
In District No. 1, 38; No. 2, Church Street, 37; No. 3, Corners, 
59; No. 4, Onion River, 32; No. 5, Little River, 19; No. 6, 
south, 37; No. 7, Mill Brook, 35; No. 8, Cyrus Packard's, 13; 
No. 9, Clapp, 15; No. 11, Lyman's, 23; No. 13, J. Smith's, 30; 
No. 14, L. Stimson's, 28; and that the average months of school- 
ing for the year were six. 

Two years later the total number of scholars attending school 
had dropped to 334, with an average attendance of 273, accord- 
ing to the annual report of the town school superintendent. In 
1859 the total number of scholars attending the summer schools 
was 313, with an average of 139, due no doubt to the demand of 
farm work, in which each member of the family was allotted a 
part. At the winter session, the total of pupils jumped to 339, 
with 268 an average attendance. The money expenided for 
schools that year was $806, certainly not an exorbitant sum. 

The legislature of 1870 passed an act whereby a town by a 
majority vote of the freemen present at any annual March meet- 
ing might abolish the school district system. Jericho took ad- 
vantage of that act at the March meeting of 1871 and abolished 
the District system under which they were then working by 
vote of 1 14 to 70, and elected a board of six school directors : 
E. H. Lane and L. B. Howe to serve for three years ; E. S. Whit- 
comb and E. W. Humphrey for two years; and H. S. Wright 
and L. F. Wilbur for one year. The board had the care and 
custody of all school property, and the supervision, management 
and control of the public schools. The board had the power to 
elect a chairman who should have the power and duties imposed 
upon town superintendents of schools. 



130 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Not all were satisfied with the adoption of this town system 
of schools, and these dissatisfied voters caused a special meet- 
ing to be held March 27th, 1871, in an unsuccessfiil attempt to 
rescind the vote of the previous meeting. It was claimed by 
those adverse to the town school system that the back districts 
would be deprived of schools, and their scholars forced to go 
long distances for their schooling. This feeling extending pretty 
generally over the state caused the legislature of 1872 to pass an 
Act that any' town having abolished its District school system, 
might have the right at the March meeting of 1873 or at any 
fourth annual March meeting thereafter, to return to the District 
system on a majority vote of the freemen assembled. Pursuant 
to this Act the town of Jericho at its annual March meeting, 
1873, voted that the town school system be abolished. 

From this date Jericho made use of the District System un- 
til 1893, when the Legislature by enactment made the Town 
System compulsory. Besides the Primary and Intermediate 
grades, comprising the first 6 years' work as taught in all Dis- 
tricts, there was added at Jericho Corners the Grammar School 
and at Jericho Center were added the Grammar School and later 
the High School Department from which students pass on to 
college work. 

At this same session of the Legislature, 1893, the Underbill 
Graded School District was incorporated out of what had been 
District No. 2 of Jericho and No. 3 Underbill; and from this 
school also its graduates have entered college work. 



Chapter III. 

TOWN POOR. 

The division of wealth among the pioneers of a country 
follows closely the ideas of our modem socialists. Game is 
plentiful, land may be had for the taking, housing, clothes, furni- 
ture, and the few implements required in the necessarily crude 
tiUing of the soil are largely the work of the family. A man's ' 
wealth depending upon his health and strength, his rifle, quick- 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 131 

ness of eye and skill of hand. With the passing of the years and 
the growth of a more complex life, the dependency of the fam- 
ily upon itself is less marked. Through barter or a closer ap- 
plication to work one family gains a surplus of necessaries that 
may be exchanged for labor or other necessaries with a neigh- 
bor not quite so industrious. So through the succeeding years 
.the division becomes greater and greater, giving rise to that con- 
dition of the very rich and of the very poor. The duty of the 
community to its poor and incapacitated was early recognized 
among New Englanders, and through the experience gained by the 
application of various methods has arisen our present system 
of alleviating the want of our community poor. 

Among these settlers was a constant struggle between kind- 
ness of heart and that frugality induced and fostered by their 
battle with wilderness odds. It was not surprising that they 
should have hit upon the plan that at once relieved their con- 
sciences and saved their pocketbooks, namely that of selling the 
care of their physically incapacitated at public vendue to the 
lowest bidder. 

The pioneers of Jericho were no exception to the rule, 
and it was not until 1827 that any marked need arose for town 
action in the interest of commimity poor. In that year the care 
of two unfortunates was sold at auction: John Bartlett to Wil- 
liam Bartlett for the sum of $65 to cover all expenses for the 
year; and Julia Bentley to Harvey Field for the sum of $43.50 
to cover board and nursing for one year. 

In 1829 together with the sale of the care of the town 
charges it was voted to furnish John Davis with ten cords of 
wood for the year, and John T. Clapp engaged to furnish the 
same for $1.00 per cord. Hosea Bliss (presumably a physi- 
cian) engaged to furnish for one year all medical aid required 
by those charges then under the care of the town and for such 
others as might come under town care during this period for 
the sum of $20.00. 

In 1830 it was voted to dispose of the poor to the lowest bid- 
der including board, clothing and nursing, but in 1831 it was 
voted to "set the medical aid to Secretary Rawson for the town 
poor, for those that are now in the town and for those that 



132 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

may come on the town during the year, for thirty-three dollars, 
he being the lowest bidder." 

1834 our good people had made another advance and it was 
voted that no more paupers be sold for the present and the Over- 
seer was instructed to dispose of their care in some other way, 
failing which he might "vendue them" at an adjourned meet- 
ing. His action in the matter we do not know, but there does 
not appear to have been any public sale. 

In 1835 John T. Clapp bid off the care of town poor for the 
lump sum of $398.00. 

That the towns generally were waking up to the faults of the 
public sale to lowest bidder plan is shown by the commimication 
received from the town of Underbill in December, 1836, a copy 
of which is appended: 

"Sirs, previous to our freemen's meeting on the 8th of No- 
vember last, we received a request from T. Chase, Overseer of 
the poor of the town of Westford, to appoint a committee to 
deliberate with such other committee as may be appointed by 3 
or 4 adjoining towns on the subject of providing a suitable house 
and farm for the residence of the paupers of such towns as may 
unite for that purpose, and in compliance with said request we 
have laid the matter before said town and have appointed said 
Committee. We now respectfully request you to unite with us 
in the same object and appoint a committee for that purpose if 
you shall judge best on your meeting on the 15th instant. It is 
requested that such committee may deliberate on the subject in 
time to report to our next annual March meeting. Yours with 
due respect. 

JOHN PARKER 

REUBEN PARKER V Committee." 

JOSEPH WELLS 



} 



December 15th, 1836, the town appointed Arthur Bostwick, 
Elias Bartlett and Joseph Griffin a committee in compliance with 
this request. March 6th, 1838, the town voted "that this town 
appoint a committee to buy a farm and erect a poorhouse, and 
that this committee be authorized to confer with other towns and 
request their cooperation, and if they are willing let them come in 
and unite with us in this object, and that we vote to raise one 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 133 

thousand dollars if the same shall be necessary to carry this ob- 
ject into effect." Nathaniel Blackman, Oliver Lowry and Tru- 
man Galusha were appointed this committee, but nothing further 
appears to have come of this effort to better the system of car- 
ing for town poor. 

In 1858, September 7th, the town voted to purchase and equip 
a farm for the support of the town poor and appointed Ezra 
Elliot, George B. Oakes and Hiram Day a committee to carry 
this vote into effect. They were restricted in the expense of this 
project to the amount of surplus money. This vote was never 
carried out. 

Town records show that in 1859 the cost of caring for town 
poor was $647.51. 

January 2nd, 1861, the question again arose, and it was 
voted "that a committee be appointed to purchase an interest in 
the Union poor farm for the support of the poor if in the judg- 
ment of said committee it shall be for the interest of the town so 
to do." 

This Union poor farm was one supported by the joint as- 
sociation of the towns of Essex, Williston and Shelburne, and 
was known as The Union Poor Farm Association. It was lo- 
cated near Essex Junction in the town of Williston and has been 
in successful operation ever since. 

George B. Oakes, U. S. Whitcomb and L. A. Bishop, select- 
men, were appointed this committee and reported that they "have 
accomplished the object for which they were appointed by buy- 
ing five-nineteenths of said farm estimated at $8,300.00, it being 
the sum of $2,256.70, and we also purchased five-nineteenths of 
the personal property on said farm for $414.27 amounting in all 
to $2,670.97." It was thereupon voted that such an amount of 
the surplus money as might be required be used to pay for the 
town's interest therein. That this association of the towns in a 
common object has been less expensive as well as more humane 
than the old way of farming the poor out to the lowest bidder, is 
proved by the fact that from 1861 to 1862 the cost to the town 
for the care of its poor dropped to $339.50, about one-half what it 
had been the previous year. 

This Union Poor Farm Association was organized to con- 
tinue for a period of ten years, at the expiration of which it was 
10 



134 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

reorganized by vote of the several towns interested. Since its 
reorganization the towns of Hinesburg and South Burlington 
have been admitted, and with the towns of Jericho, Essex, Shel- 
burne and Williston make up the Association as it is today. 

In 1869 it appears from the report of the poor master and 
poor farm directors that, after paying the entire cost of sup- 
porting the poor during the year, Jericho's share in the surplus 
remaining amounted to $69.50. In view of this excellent show- 
ing a tax of but ten cents on the grand list was voted for town 
expenses, the smallest tax that had been voted for many years. 



Chapter IV. 

TEMPERANCE. 

In the early history of Jericho the merchants in town were 
located either in the village at Jericho or at Jericho Center, and 
their trade was to a large extent on credit with the understand- 
ing that the pay for the goods purchased should be made in 
potash, cattle and grain, the following fall and winter. This 
mode of doing business was quite general throughout Vermont. 
It was a general practice for merchants just before they went to 
market for the purpose of purchasing their stock of goods, to 
settle with their customers so far as possible, and get their promis- 
sory notes in payment of unpaid bills. Times were hard, and 
customers found it difficult to pay their bills and notes as they 
fell due, and merchants found it difficult to collect from their cus- 
tomers sufficient money to take to market to buy their goods, so 
merchants to obtain the necessary funds would place the unpaid 
notes and accounts for collection in the hands of the local lawyer, 
who would advance to the merchant the money necessary. While 
the merchants were gone to market, suits would be brought to en- 
force collection of the unpaid notes and accounts. The merchants 
being absent would escape much criticism and abusive talk from 
their customers. But when the merchant returned he did not 
fail to bring with his new stock of merchandise, a good supply 
of rum and molasses. Most people in those days drank intoxi- 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 136 

eating liquors. When he returned and an old customer entered 
his store in an unfriendly state of mind with language not compli- 
mentary, he was taken one side, and after an explanation and 
apologies and a liberal treat by the merchant, both became again 
fast friends, and the old customer continued to give the mer- 
chant his trade. When notes and bills payable in cattle or grain, 
became due in October and January, the usual months throughout 
Vermont for the maturing of such notes and bills, the debtor 
would drive his cattle or bring his grain to the village to the 
creditor to apply upon the debt, and if they did not agree upon the 
price, they would select some person or persons acquainted with 
the value of such property to set the price that should be ap- 
plied on the debt. 

Under the law previous to the prohibitory statute of 1852 
town selectmen were empowered to grant licenses to maintain 
public inns and for the sale therein of certain kinds of liquors. 
Under this law Rufus Brown was licensed in 1851 to keep the 
Bostwick House near Underbill for one year and to sell therein 
small beer and cider, but not wines, strong beer, or spirituous 
liquors, and to be governed in all respects by the Legislative Act 
of November 3rd, 1846. Mr. Brown maintained this Inn for a 
period of about 20 years. In 1862 he was succeeded by L. M. 
Dixon, who was given a selectmen's license. In 1863 Martin 
C. Barney and Luther S. Prouty were each granted a license to 
maintain a hotel or house of entertainment. In 1867 Dana 
Bicknell was licensed to keep a hotel. 

Following the prohibitory Act of 1852 the town was per- 
mitted to appoint an agent whose business it should be to carry 
and dispense for mechanical, chemical and medicinal purposes 
the liquors thereby required. The agent's stock in trade was 
furnished by the town and was sold to cover the expense of 
handling and to return a small percentage of profit to the town. 

The following resolutions passed at a town meeting held in 
November, 1844, show how the public mind had changed re- 
garding the use of intoxicants, formerly considered as a matter 
of course: 

1st. "Resolved, as the sense of this meeting that the use 
of intoxicating drinks as an ordinary beverage is injurious, and 
that being so, the use and traffic in them ought to be discouraged ; 



136 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

2nd. "Resolved, that the civil authority in this town are 
advised to take all proper measures to restrain the use and 
traffic in intoxicating liquors that are consistent with law ; 

3rd. "Resolved, that the town of Jericho hereby respectfully 
request the Judges of Chittenden County Court to discontinue 
the licenses to retailers and to Innkeepers and that the selectmen 
of the town be directed to dehver to each of the said judges a copy 
of these resolutions." 

(Editor's Note: The Prohibitory Law was a good law for 
Jericho and kept the traffic in intoxicants out of our limits far 
better than any form of license has ever done. A generation of 
temperance men and women grew up in the half century that 
the Prohibitory Law was upon our Statutes, whose industry has 
given the town great prosperity. The town would greatly pre- 
fer some form of prohibition to the present Local Option Law. 

As the following table seems to indicate, the Local Option 
Law went into effect in 1903, and the following has been the 
vote of the town on this matter at the March meetings : 
Year Yies No 

1903 124 108 

1904 32 122 

1905 47 107 

1906 SO 110 

1907 31 104 

1908 34 117 

1909 11 85 

1910 13 97 

1911 11 66 

1912 13 90 

1913 24 97 

1914 15 86 

1915 19 99 

1916 28 131 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 137 

Chapter V. 

HIGHWAYS AND BRIDGES. 

For centuries before the coming of the white settlers the 
territory now known as Vermont had been traversed by Indians 
to and from their homes in the Canadian forests to the hunting 
grounds along the Connecticut. One of the main pathways 
across the state ran along the southwestern border of Jericho 
following the banks of Onion River, now called the Winooski. 
These Indian paths, holding in the main to the banks of water- 
courses were mere trails through the wilderness but with the 
coming of the white settler they began to take a more permanent 
form. At first travel through the wilderness was limited to foot 
and horseback, following scarcely cleared paths marked out by 
white blazes in the bark of trees, passage of the streams and 
rivers being achieved where sand bars and shoals made fording 
possible. Gradually these improved as the requirements of the 
settlement demanded until they became fair thoroughfares adapted 
to wagon and cart. From time to time new roads were cut and 
bridges erected. In 1805 we find by town records the select- 
men were directed to estabhsh such a new road from the meeting 
house in Jericho to the Essex line by Barney's saw-mill. This 
was undoubtedly done, for in 1808 we find that the selectmen 
were appointed a conmiittee to settle with one David Oakes for 
his horse lost by the insufficiency of the bridge near Mr. Barney's 
mill. 

The roads already in being were taken over by the town on 
vote of the freemen, and the expense of their upkeep became a 
common charge. As in the case of the School districts it was 
found that the matter could be handled with greater fairness to 
individuals by dividing the town into highway districts, each 
district deriving its revenue for road work from a tax on the 
grand list therein. The bridges came to be the cause of greats- 
est expense, both as to first cost and upkeep. That this was 
quite an item is attested by a statement in the town records under 
date of September 1st, 1835. At this time Nathaniel Blackman, 
Jedediah Field and Arthur Bostwick were chosen a committee to 
confer with a committee from the third highway district relative 



138 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

to repairing or rebuilding the bridge across Brown's River at 
Jericho Corners which was reported to be in a dangerous con- 
dition for travel. The committee reported this to be true and 
advised that "a new bridge should be erected immediately," the 
cost of which would be $350.00. The committee recommended 
the raising of $200 toward the work by means of a direct tax on 
the grand list, provided that the inhabitants of the third district 
complete the bridge agreeably to a plan of the committee. The 
$200 was appropriated and the bridge was built. 

In the years 1836-37 petitions were made for three new 
bridges across Brown's River. One, a covered bridge, in the 
second school district near Underbill Flats ; a second at the Lyman 
Reed crossing; and a third at the Buxton Mill privilege (so 
called) . These the town voted to build provided that the districts 
interested put in the abutments and make the filling. This was 
accordingly done. At this time the town had no less than 
twenty-three bridges to keep in order. 

About the year 1837 or 1838 a committee appointed by the 
Supreme Court laid out a county road from Hinesburg through 
Richmond and Jericho to Cambridge in Lamoille County. The 
town does not appear to have been satisfied with the survey as 
made by the Court's committee over that portion of the route 
from Capt. Griffin's place near Lee River to Harvey Orr's, and 
sought to have it changed, apparently without success. In 1840 
there was an article in the warning for town meeting "to see 
what measures the town will take to work the road from Rich- 
mond to Underbill laid by a committee called the county road," 
and the town at that warned meeting voted that "the selectmen 
be a committee to expend not to exceed two hundred dollars to 
make' the county road through the town." This county road, so 
far as it was in Jericho, ran from Richmond line through Jericho 
Center direct to Underbill line at Underbill Flats, passing the 
house formerly owned by Cyrus Packard where the present road 
runs. 

March 2nd, 1841, it was voted to divide the town into small 
highway districts, the selectmen having such division in charge, 
and the following were elected district highway surveyers: 

James Hamilton for the 1st district; Joseph Brown for the 
2nd ; John Bliss for the 3rd ; Orley Thompson for the 4th ; Simeon 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 139 

Pease for the 5th ; Hiram Rood for the 6th ; Daniel C. Nash for 
the 7th; Lyman Stimson for the 8th; Elisha Seabury for the 
9th; David Skinner for the 10th; Reuben Rockwood for the 
Uth; Jackson Cilley for the 12th; and Alvah Martin for the 
13th. 

At a town meeting held on the 4th day of February, 1852, 
the following resolutions were adopted, evidently because of out 
of town pressure for the building of a new bridge : 

"Resolved, as the sense of this meeting that the accommo- 
dation to the public of a bridge across Onion River at Fay's 
Ferry bears no just proportion to the expense of constituting it ; 
that as the town we feel no interest in it, and that it will accom- 
modate but few of our citizens and those are sufficiently well 
accommodated elsewhere. For those, among other reasons, we 
are opposed to being taxed as is proposed for building said 
bridge and hereby direct the proper town authorities to op- 
pose our being thus taxed by all lawful means." 

In 1856, however, the town voted to build a bridge across 
Onion River near, but not at, the R. B. Fay Ferry (so called) 
mentioned in the resolution of '52, and the selectmen were ap- 
pointed a committee to confer with the selectmen of Williston, 
Essex and Underbill in the matter. This bridge was to be lo- 
cated near where the Jericho Comer road intersects the Onion 
River road, about one mile up the river from the ferry. About 
this time a petition was presented to the County Court signed 
principally by Williston people praying that the towns of Essex, 
Jericho and Underbill be forced to stand with Williston their 
share of the expense of a bridge across Onion River at Fay's 
Ferry. A petition was also presented praying that the bridge 
might be built as planned near the Jericho Corner road. As a re- 
sult of these petitions, Paul Dillingham of Waterbury, Hon. Wm. 
Weston of Burlington, and Elijah Root of Shelburne, were ap- 
pointed Commissioners by the Court to hear both parties and 
to report to the Court. These commissioners reported in favor 
of the bridge at Fay's Ferry, and, on the strength of this report, 
the Court ordered the bridge built at that spot, and called on 
the interested towns to bear their share of its cost in the fol- 
lowing proportions: Williston 27-60; Essex 14-60; Jericho 14-60; 
and Underbill 5-60. The expense of this bridge was around 



140 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

$6,000.00. The second petition was dismissed on the ground 
that public necessity and convenience did not require a bridge 
at the spot named. 

There are in all, at the present writing about 70 miles of 
highway and 40 bridges in the town of Jericho, the repair and up- 
keep of which is maintained by a tax of 30 cents on a dollar and 
5 per cent, state tax. The automobiles have brought about a 
serious problem in roadbuilding which cannot but result in the 
bettering of our already good roads. 

RAILROADS. 

For many years the produce of the beautiful and fertile 
Lamoille valley was marketed by means of horse and ox drawn 
vehicles. In 1869, however, the Legislature passed an Act in- 
corporating the Northern Vermont and Lake Champlain Railroad 
Company, granting it the right to build a railroad from some 
point in the town of Cambridge in Lamoille County, through the 
towns of Cambridge, Underbill, Westford, Jericho and Essex to 
■ 5ssex Junction, there connecting with other roads. 

The town of Jericho at a town meeting held April 11th, 
1872, voted "to aid in the construction of said road" by a vote of 
180 to 135, and appointed three commissioners to subscribe for 
two hundred and thirty shares of one hundred dollars each of the 
capital stock of the company, and to carry into efifect the vote 
of the town to aid in the road's construction. This vote to aid 
in the construction of the road was given with many conditions 
attached thereto, but nothing came of the town's action in the 
matter. 

In 1874 a move was made to promote a road to be called 
the Burlington and Lamoille Railroad, to run from the Lake shore 
within Burlington city limits, to a point in the town of Cam- 
bridge, connecting with the Lamoille Valley Railroad, already 
built. There was a strong opposition to the proposition that the 
town aid in its construction, as, it having been planned to run 
the road through the northern part of the town only, it was felt 
that but a portion of the town would be benefited thereby. To 
test the feeling of the townspeople, L. F. Wilbur drew up the 
following paper: 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 141 

"We, the undersigned, legal voters in the town of Jericho, 
favor the bonding of the town of Jericho in aid of the construc- 
tion of the Burlington and Lamoille Railroad to an amount not 
exceeding three times the grand list," which was circulated and 
so readily signed that it was believed that, if a meeting were 
called, the town would vote to aid in the construction of the 
road. Such a meeting was called on the 6th day of August, 
1874, and aid in the construction of the road was unanimously 
voted. 

Commissioners were appointed and instructed to subscribe 
for two hundred and thirty shares of the capital stock of the com- 
pany amounting to twenty-three thousand dollars. 

Many conditions were attached to the action of the town in 
extending its aid to the project, one of which was that the line 
of road should run south and east of the village of Jericho 
Corners if practicable. 

The stock was subscribed for as voted. The statutes re- 
quired that a suitable book be provided in which the tax payers 
should enter their names assenting to the vote, the grand list 
of each person signing to be entered opposite his name. Not un- 
til a majority of tax payers, in number showing a majority of 
the grand list in amount, had signed, was the vote binding upon 
the town. Such majority, however, was obtained, and the twenty- 
three thousand dollars and interest paid, the road being com- 
pleted in 1876. To aid the completion of the road several Jericho 
citizens purchased shares in the company from their private 
purse. The writer of this sketch purchased one share of the 
value of $100.00. None of these private purchasers expected 
to reap any returns, or in fact to even get their money back, 
and they were not disappointed as the road soon passed into 
other hands through the foreclosure of prior claims. The Bur- 
lington and Lamoille Railroad soon came under control of the 
Central Vermont, and is now operated by the Grand Trunk Rail- 
road Co. 



142 



HISTORY OP JEEICHO, VERMONT. 
Chapter VI. 



JERICHO MEN AS SOLDIERS. 

The men of Jericho have always willingly performed their 
share of the military service demanded by their country. This 
was true in the Revolutionary War, in the struggle against the 
greed and tyranny of New York State when it threatened to de- 
prive Vermont of its independent existence; in the War of 1812, 
particularly at the Battle of Plattsburg; in the trouble with 
Mexico in 1846-48, and in the great slaveholders' rebellion of 
1861. 

The following named forty-three men, residents of Jericho, 
enUsted in the military service of the United States during the 
War of 1812-14, and took part in the Battle of Plattsburg, one 
of the principal engagements that decided the outcome of the war : 

Jonas Marsh 
John Thompson 
Luther Prouty 
Sylvanus Blodgett 
William Smith 
Edy Humphrey 
Philander Benham 
John Porter, Jr. 
Zebedee Packard 
Nathan Smith 
Eber Bartlett 
Warren Ford 
Myron Chapin 
William Rood 
Stephen Lane 
Nathan Smith 
Julius Bliss 
John Benham 
William Rouse 
Stephen Lyman 
Harvey Field 
Harry M. Wilder 



Salmon Fay 

John Porter 

Azariah Rouse 

John Downing 

Surgeon Eleazer Hutchins 

Charles How 

Silas S. Rood 

William Richardson 

James Rood 

Abijah Whitton 

Thomas Reed 

Jedediah Lane 

OUver Rouse 

Heman N. Hurlburt 

Brigham How 

Oliver Wilder 

Henry Howe 

Lewis Johnson 

William Brown 

Serget. Nathan Scranton 

James Thompson 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 143 

The following men, residents of Jericho, were also in the 
military service during the War of 1812 : 

Joseph Brown, a teamster, was drafted at Plattsburg, March 
12, 1813, being pressed into the service while absent from home 
with his team. 

Sylvanus Parsons, who was a private in Peter L. Allen's 
company of Col. George Tyler's regiment, Vermont Militia. He 
volunteered Sept. 7th, 1814. 

Gilmore Seeley, who was a private in Capt. Danforth's 
company. He enlisted at Middlebury in the spring of 1813. 

A pension was granted the following persons : John Benham ; 
Polly Brown, widow of Joseph Brown; Harvey Field; Edy 
Humphrey ; Betsy Hutchins, widow of Eleazer Hutchins, surgeon 
in Col. Tyler's regiment; Stephen Lyman, who volunteered at 
Jericho, Sept. 7, 1814; Jonas Marsh, who was a private in Capt. 
Myron Reed's company; Sylvanus Parsons, a private in Capt. 
Peter L. Allen's company; Hepzebah Prouty, widow of Luther 
Prouty, who was sergeant in the company commanded by Capt. 
Myron Reed. Luther Prouty made application for a pension, but 
died in 1856 or '57 before it was granted; Hulda Reed, widow 
of Thomas Reed, who was a private in Capt. Myron Reed's com- 
pany; and to Gilmore Seeley, who was a private and was dis- 
charged because of poor health. 

In the war with Mexico, Jericho contributed two men, 
Harvey Thompson and Daniel W. Morehouse, who served under 
General Winfield Scott. 

When the flames of war swept across the north in 1861, 
ushering in the greatest rebellion the world has ever seen, Jericho 
was again found ready to do her part. Of the men who en- 
listed at the first call to arms, sixteen re-enlisted when their term 
of service expired. One hundred and thirty-eight men in all en- 
listed from Jericho, eleven of whom were killed, and twenty- 
three of whom died of wounds or disease, a total of 34, nearly 
25 per cent. Ninety-two were mustered out. 

As the war drew on to its second year the demand for men 
became ever more insistent. Of each loyal state was demanded 
a certain number of soldiers based on its population. The state 
of course was forced to divide this number pro rata among its 
towns. As company after company and troop after troop was 



144 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



enrolled and swept away to join the army in the south, the states 
became drained of men to such an extent that it was necessary 
to offer some inducement to supply the number demanded. Ac- 
cordingly it was the custom of the towns to offer a certain sum 
of money as a bounty to men who would enlist. A town meeting 
was held January 8th, 1863, to see if the town would vote a tax 
to raise the money offered to volunteers from Jericho in the way 
of bounties. The following is the list of volunteers and the 
amount of the bounty paid to each : 
Three year men $ Nine months' men $ 

R. G. Munson 100 L. H. Bostwick SO 

Daniel Dixon 100 



P. T. Drew 60 

Erastus Powell 60 

Morris H. Griffin 60 

Samuel York 60 

Patrick McGovern 60 

Wilson Bentley 60 

Eli N. Peck 60 

Benj. F. Robinson 60 

Reuben M. Babcock 60 

Loren P. Bentley 60 

Benial McGee 60 

Wilkins Rockwood 60 

Byron D. Mathews 60 

Charles M. Carty 60 

Isaac N. Brooks 60 

Willis Wells 85 

Norman I. Rice 85 

Henry W. York 135 

Caleb P. Nash 135 

JuHus Bliss 135 

In December 1863 the town voted that the selectmen be au- 
thorized to pay a bounty not exceeding three hundred and fifty 
dollars to each volunteer who has been or shall be mustered into 
the United States service from Jericho before January 6th, 1864, 
and applied toward the town's quota under the call o'f the Presi- 
dent for volunteers. March 1st, 1864, the selectmen reported 
they had enlisted twenty men: Alexander Plant, Victor Plant, 



Hubbell B. Smith 100 

Zantha Parker 100 

Michael Phillips 100 

Victor Lavalle 100 

Joseph Russin 100 

Lewis Tatro 100 

Julius Miller 100 

C. C. Richardson 110 

A. G. Bradley 110 

C. L. Church 110 

Artemas W. Bemis 110 

Elias Burns 110 

J. L. Hurson 125 

Edgar E. Wright 125 

Oliver Lucia 135 

Barney Leddy 135 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 145 

John Guyette, James H. Van Cor, Patrick McGovern, Truman 
C. Hatch, W. I. Flowers, Thomas H. Palmer, John H. Hastings, 
Daniel E. Smith, Edward Fay, James Flinn, Joseph Cammel, 
Bernard McKenna, John Benway, James Sweeney, L. S. Whit- 
comb, Bliss A. Atchinson, James Carroll and Alexander Spooner 
and that the sum of $350.00 had been paid to each. 

At a town meeting held on the 18th day of March, 1864, it 
was voted that the selectmen be authorized to enlist volunteers 
in anticipation of a call for troops by the President, and that the 
bounties offered be left to the discretion of the selectmen but 
that no bounties be paid until the volunteer had been mustered into 
the United States service. At a town meeting September 6th, 
1864, a tax of two hundred per cent, on the list was voted to 
pay bounties offered volunteers under the last call of the 
President for five hundred thousand men, the amount of such 
bounties to be left to the discretion of the selectmen. At the 
March meeting of 1865 the selectmen reported the following 
liabilities in filling the quota assigned to the town, and pre- 
sented the following list of men enlisted and the amount of 
bounty paid to each : 
For three years $ For one year $ 

Gilbert E. Davis 500 Lewis Perigo 500 

William Rice 400 Charles Sweeney 500 

Timothy Hathaway . .400 Charles Benway 415 

Frank Bordeau 400 Franklin Martin 500 

William Turner 400 Oscar J. Pixley 500 

Richard Roche 400 Joel P. Woodworth 500 

Mortimer W. Brown .500 Lewis I. Wells 450 

Byron B. Hatch 500 William J. Fuller 500 

William Johnson 500 George D. Sherman 500 

Franklin L Brown . . .500 Clark Reynolds 400 

Frederick Fuller 500 Russell Tomlinson 500 

A Southern Recruit . .428"/ioo 



146 



HISTORY OF JEltlCHO, VERMONT. 



Men enlisted under call for tWee hundred thousand men. 



For three years 



$ For one year 



$ 



Robert Baxter 850 

Thomas H. Early 800 

Napoleon Larose 800 

John Van Ornum 800 

George D. Drury 800 



Lewis Richards 550 

Alfred Hill 500 

Royce Camp 550 

Lewis Albert 500 

Peter Albert 550 

Joseph Ploof 550 

Byron Hall 500 



The following is a list of the names of all the men enlist- 
ing in the Civil War from Jericho, with the date of their en- 
listment, and some other records of their service. It is not our 
purpose to give the actual time each soldier served, but it will 
be understood the term of enlistment was for three years unless 
otherwise stated. Where the name of any man appears twice 
it indicates a re-enlistment: 



Names. 

Abner S. Richardson, 
BHnn Atchinson, 
Henry J. Parker, 
Samuel Bentley, 
Napoleon Bissonette, 
James Austin Bixby, 
Edgar Chamberlin, 
Patrick Downs, 
Simeon C. Edwards, 
Joseph W. Ellis, 
Truman C. Hatch, 
Allen Kimpton, 
Charles Lucia, 
Patrick Lavelle, 
John McGovern, 
Daniel B. Smith, 
John W. Wade, 
John P. Ware, 
Robert White, 
Blinn Atchinson, 
Wm. J. Flowers, 



Date of 
enlistment. 

May 2, 1861, 
May 2, 1861, 
May 2, 1861, 
Aug. 27, 1861, 
Aug. 26, 1861, 
Sept. 19, 1861, 
Aug. 27, 1861, 
Aug. 21, 186L 
Aug. 19, 1861, 
Aug. 26, 1861, 
Aug. 26, 1861, 
Aug. 29, 1861, 
Aug. 21, 1861, 
Aug. 26, 1861, 
Aug. 23, 1861, 
Aug. 17, 1861. 
Aug. 22, 1861, 
Aug. 31, 1861, 
Sept. 6, 1861, 
Sept. 29, 1861, 
Sept. 25, 1861, 



Remarks. 

enlisted for 3 months, 
enlisted for 3 months, 
enlisted for 3 months. 



wounded. 

killed May, 10, 1864. 

wounded, reenlisted. 

deserted. 

reenlisted. 

wounded. 

wounded. 

wounded. 

wounded. 

lost an arm. 

wounded. 



in cavalry. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT, 
Edson C. Hilton, 



147 



Marcus Hoskins, 
Wareham N. Pierce, 
Franklin J. Brown, 

William A. Brown, 

Daniel G. Burns, 

Hiram B. Fish, 
Frederick A. Fuller, 
William Johnson, 

John H. Johnson, 
Samuel B. Locklin, 
Michael F. Martin, 
Abner S. Richardson, 
Burton C. Richardson, 

Loren T. Richardson, 
James White, 

Edward C. Whitney, 



Edwin H. Fassette, 
Nelson Fassette, 

Timothy Kennedy, 

Horace C. Nash, 

Edward B. Russell, 
Lewis J. Wills, 

The following men 

Lucius A. Bostwick, 

Reuben M. Babcock, 
Wilson A. Bentley, 

Isaac N. Brooks, 



Oct.^ 16, 1861, died of injuries, his 
horse shot under 
I him. 

Sept. 30, 1861, reenhsted in Mass. 

Dec. 7, 1861, 

Jan. 4, 1862, in 7th Vt. Regt., re- 
enlisted. 

Jan. 13, 1862, in 7th Vt. Regt., died 
in service. 

Dec. 7, 1861, in 7th Vt. Regt., died 
in service. 

Jan. 14, 1862, in 7th Vt. Regt. 

Jan. 17, 1862, 

Dec. 7, 1861, reenlisted Feb. 20th, 
1864. 

Nov. 4, 1861, sharp shooter. 

Oct. 30, 1861, sharp shooter. 

Dec. 5, 1861, 

Nov. 21, 1861, 

Oct. 31, 1861, sharp shooter, enlist- 
ed 2nd time. 

Nov. 25, 1861, 

Dec. 12, 1861, died at Cainp William, 
La. 

Oct. 30, 1861, sharp shooter, enter- 
ed service 2nd 
time. 

Feb. 26, 1862, at the age of 18 years. 

Feb. 26, 1862, reenlisted April 19, 
1864. 

Mar. 13, 1862, killed in action June 
29, 1862. 

Mar. 11, 1862, wounded. Died at 
Nashville, Tenn. 

June 4, 1862, deserted. 

June 27, 1862, 

who enlisted for 9 months : 

Sept. 10, 1862, died at Washington, 

D. C. 
Sept. 10, 1862, died at Fairfax, Va. 
Sept. 10, 1862, died at Alexandria, 

Va. 
Sept. 10, 1862, aee 18 vears. 

died at Washington, 

D. C. 



148 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



Erastus Powell, 

Charles McCarty, 

J. T. Drew, 
Eli N. Peck, 
Jacob Drew, 

Willis T. Wells, 
Byron D. Matthews, 
Norman J. Rice, 
Loren T. Bentley, 
Julius H. Bliss, 
Morris L. Griffin, 
Neal McGee, 
Patrick McGovern, 
Caleb P. Nash, 
Benj. F. Robinson, 
Z. W. Rockwood, 
Henry W. York, 
Samuel York, 



Sept. 10, 1862, 

Sept. 10, 1862, 

Sept. 10, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 

Sept. 10, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 



died at Occoquam, 

Va. 
died at Washington, 

Va. 

age 18 years, 
died, July 12, 1863, at 
Washington, D. C. 

finger shot off. 



The following men who enUsted for three years were: 



R. J. Thomson, 
Daniel Dixon, 
Hubbell B. Smith, 
Zanthy Parker, 
Michael Phillips, 

Victor Lavelle, 

Joseph Russin, 
Lewis Tatro, 
Julius Miller, 
Charles C. Richardson, 

Albert G. Bradley, 
Chauncey L. Church, 
Artemas W. Bemis, 
Elias Burns, 
James S. Hurson, 
Edgar E. Wright, 

Oliver Lucia, 
Barney Leddy, 
RoUin M. Clapp, 



Aug. 18, 1862, 
Aug. 8, 1862, 
Aug. 18, 1862, 
Aug. 18, 1862, 
Aug. 16, 1862, 

Aug. 30, 1862, 

Aug. 30, 1862, 
Sept. 6, 1862, 
Aug. 30, 1862, 
Aug. 22, 1862, 

Aug. 12, 1862, 
Aug. 20, 1862, 
Aug. 19, 1862, 
Aug. 22, 1862, 
Aug. 30, 1862, 
Sept. 10, 1862, 

Aug. 22, 1862, 
Aug. 23, 1862, 
April 21, 1863, 



age 19 years, 
wounded in groin. 

in cavalry, killed in 
action, age 20 years. 

age 20 years. Sharp- 
shooter. 

age 19 years. 

deserted. 

age 18 years. Killed 

in action, 
age 17 years, 
killed in action, 
sharp shooter. 



in cavalry. Killed in 

action, 
wounded, 
killed in action, 
in brigade band. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 
The men who were drafted were, viz. : 



149 



Hawley C. Booth, 

Edwin P. Gloyd, 

Nathaniel Johnson, Jr. 

Henry M. Field, 

George Hall, 

Sylvester Tarbox, 

Hosea S. Wright, 

David R. Biglow, 
Buel S. Martin, 
Phillip Prior, 
Joseph B. Kingsbury, 
Hira A. Percival, 
L. F. Wilbur, 



July, 1863, 

July, 1863, 

July, 1863, 

July, 1863, 

July, 1863, 

July, 1863, 

July, 1863, 

July, 1863, 
July, 1863, 
July, 1863, 
July, 1863, 
July, 1863, 
July, 1863, 



paid $3(X) for commu- 
tation. 

paid $300 for commu- 
tation. 

paid $300 for commu- 
tation. 

paid $300 for commu- 
tation. 

paid $300 for commu- 
tation. 

paid $300 for commu- 
tation. 

paid $300 for commu- 
tation. 

furnished a substitute. 

furnished a substitute. 

furnished a substitute. 

furnished a substitute. 

furnished a substitute. 

furnished a substitute. 



The following men were substitutes: 
Thomas Robinson, 
Charles Coe, 

Thomas Roach, 
Francis Barry, 

Henry H. Lawrence, 
Thomas Gorman, 



substitute for David 

R. Bigelow. 
substitute for Joseph 

B. Kingsbury and 

discharged by Court 

Martial, 
substitute for Buel S. 

Martin, 
substitute for Hira A. 

Percival and desert- 
ed, 
substitute for Phillip 

Prior. Deserted, 
substitute for L. F. 

Wilbur. Killed in 

action. 



Other men were drafted but were exempt for physical dis- 
ability. The following men enlisted: 



Bliss A. Atchinson, 
John Benway, 

11 



Dec. 4, 1863, 
Dec. 22, 1863, 



150 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



Joseph Cammel, 
James Carroll, 
William J. Flower, 

James Flynn, 
Edward Fay, 
John Guyotte, 
John H. Hastings, 

Truman C. Hatch, 

Patrick McGoven, 
Bernard McKenna, 
Thomas H. Palmer, 
Alexander Plant, 
Victor Plant, 
Daniel E. Smith, 
Alexander Spooner, 
James Sweeney, 
James Henry Vancor, 
Lewis S. Whitcomb, 
Solomon Brigham, 

Birney W. Hilton, 

Eben C. Lemon, 

Burton C. Richardson, 
Edgar Chamberlain, 
Blinn Atchinson, 
John Hiram Johnson, 
Patrick Lavelle, 
Edwin H. Trick, 



Gilbert E. Davis, 

Mortimer W. Brown, 
William Johnson, 
Franklin J. Brown, 
Frederick A. Fuller, 



Dec. 26, 1863, 
Dec. 10, 1863, 
Dec. 3, 1863, 

Dec. 4, 1863, 
Dec. 14, 1863, 
Dec. 28, 1863, 
Dec. 17, 1863, 

Dec. 2, 1863, 

Dec. 4, 1863, 
Dec. 26, 1863, 
Dec. 18, 1863, 
Dec. 15, 1863, 
Dec. 17, 1863, 
Nov. 22, 1863, 
Oct. 29, 1863, 
Dec. 17, 1863, 
Dec. 18, 1863, 
Dec. 28, 1863, 
Dec. 21, 1863, 

Dec. 30, 1863, 

Dec. 2, 1863, 

Nov. 13, 1863, 
Dec. 15, 1863, 
Dec. 31, 1863, 
Dec. 21, 1863, 
Dec. 15, 1863, 
Dec. 15, 1863, 



Aug. 11, 1864, 

Aug., 1864, 
Mar. 14, 1864, 
Mar. 14, 1864, 
Mar. 14, 1864, 



died at Newbern, N. 

C. In cavalry, 
age 18 years, 
age 18 years, 
wounded, 
age 18 years. Killed 

in action, 
age 20 years. Died at 

Washington, D. C. 
age 18 years, 
age 20 years. 

died of wounds, 
wounded, 
killed in action. 



killed by an unseen 
enemy. 

age 18 years. Was 
wounded. 

age 18 years. In Wil- 
derness, Va. 



enlisted in Burlington 
and lived there but 
credited to Jericho. 

killed at Cedar Creek, 
Va. 



The following men were enlisted for one year: 



Charles Ben way, 
William J. Fuller, 
Franklin Martin, 



Aug. 11, 1864, deserted. Joined C. A. 
Sept. 5, 1864, 
Aug. 17, 1864, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



151 



Lewis Perrigo, 
Oscar J. Pixley, 

George D. Sherman, 
Charles Sweeney, 
Russell Tomlinson, 
Lewis J. Wills, 
Joel P. Woodworth, 
Byron B. Hatch, 



Aug. 2, 1864, 
Aug. 16, 1864, 

Sept. 2, 1864, 
Aug. 28, 1864, 
Aug. 12, 1864, 
Aug. 17, 1864, 
Aug. 31, 1864, 
Feb. 2, 1864, 



wounded. 

died a prisoner at Sal- 
isbury, N. C. 



age 18 
Sept. 



years. Died 
29, 1864. 



The following men enlisted as substitutes for three years : 



Richard Roach, substitute, 

William Rice, substitute, 

Frank Bordeaux, substitute, 

William Turner, substitute, 

Timothy Hathaway, substitute, 

Harilah N. Reynolds, substitute, 



for Leet A. Bishop. De- 
serted. 

for Daniel B. Bishop. De- 
serted. 

for Truman B. Barney. 

for Henry M. Brown. 

for Buel H. Day. 

for Edgar H. Lane. De- 
serted. 



The following men enlisted for three years: 



George B. Drury, 
Robert Baxter, 
Thomas H. Early, 
Napoleon Larose, 
John Van Omum, 



Dec. 14, 1864, 
Feb. 4, 1865, 
Jan. 12, 1865, 
Jan. 23, 1865, 
Jan. 10, 1865, 



The following men were enlisted for one year : 



Lewis Albert, 
Peter Albert, 
Royce Camp, 

Joseph Ploof, 
Louis Richards, 
Alfred Hill, 
Byron S. Hall, 



Jan. 10, 1865, 

Jan. 10, 1865, age 19 years. 

Jan. 10, 1865, age 18 years. In cav- 
alry. 

Jan. 10, 1865, 

Jan. 11, 1865, 

Jan. 9, 1865, 

Feb. 13, 1865, age 19 years. Died 
May 30, 1865. 



In recognition of the soldiers from Jericho in '61, it was 
voted March 5th, 1867, that the selectmen secure the services 
of some person qualified to prepare a "Soldiers' Record" and that 



]52 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

500 copies of this work be printed, the whole to be at the ex- 
pense of the town. March 3rd, 1868, it was voted "that one 
copy of the Soldiers' Record to be prepared be furnished each 
family and soldier without family in town, and to soldiers 
or their families or parents being out of town who were enlisted 
to the credit of this town, without charge." And this purpose 
was carried out as voted. 

In mentioning these Jericho soldiers who so bravely and hon- 
orably served their country and their town, we must not entirely 
lose sight of the services of those who, remaining at home, took 
their part in the administration of government and helped to 
furnish the sinews of war. Neither must we overlook those 
noble women who gave their husbands, their sweethearts, their 
sons, that we might live in a united land. Picture them if you 
will, bravely bearing the worry and the burdens of those who stay 
at home, cheerfully busy making and sending to the front those 
many necessities and comforts of which the soldiers in camp and 
the wounded in field and hospital would otherwise have been de- 
prived. In conclusion it should be said that the men of Jericho 
who enlisted in the greatest rebellion of modern times, were 
honorable and brave soldiers, who did heroic service in maintain- 
ing the government, such service as the people of Jericho may well 
be proud of. To lead in the Civil Government Abraham Lincoln 
was found, the right man for the exalted position of President 
of the United States. For a leader in the militia arm of the 
Government the silent, calm and thoughtful General Grant was 
found. The loyal men of the North were willing to follow the 
leadership of such men as these, since they were not animated 
by the hope of plunder, nor -the love of conquest. They found 
themselves rather to be defenders of humanity and destroyers of 
prejudice. Under their leadership our soldiers were the saviors 
of this Nation and the liberators of men. They fought on until 
our flag floated over a united people and a country without a 
master and without a slave. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 153 

Chapter VII. 

JERICHO, THE TOWN. 

The town of Jericho was orginally six miles square, but in 
1795 five thousand acres were taken from its southern border by 
act of Legislature, with land from other towns, to create the town 
of Richmond. 

Jericho is well watered by four streams : Winooski River run- 
ning along the southern edge of the town ; Mill Brook, running 
through the town from West Bolton to empty into Winooski 
River and affording three mill sites ; Brown's River, that, rising 
on Mansfield mountain, enters the town near Underbill village, 
crosses the northern part, and, entering the town of Essex, event- 
ually discharges its waters into the Lamoille River in Fairfax, 
affording Jericho seven mill sites; and Lee River that has its 
source among the mountains in the eastern part of the town of 
Underbill and runs six miles across Jericho emptying into Brown's 
River at Jericho Village, and gives the town two more mill 
privileges. 

The town is dotted with many sugar orchards, and its lands 
are adapted to the purposes of dairying and the raising of grains. 
There are many excellent farms near and on the rivers as well 
as in the uplands of the town. 

To those who delight in the sports of fishing and hunting the 
locality is especially attractive. 

Good, well worked roads are a feature of the town. 

POPULATION. 

Following the close of the Revolutionary war the town of 
Jericho had a rapid growth in population and a corresponding in- 
crease in the value of its property. 

Population of Jericho. 
Census of No. 

1791 381 

1800 728 

1810 1185 



154 HISTORY OF JBEIOHO, VERMONT. 

1820 1219 

1830 1654 

1840 1684 

1850 1837 

1860 1669 

1870 1757 

1880 1687 

1890 1461 

1900 1373 

1910 1307 

The largest number was in 1850. 

The appraised property of the town in 1791 was small in com- 
parison to that of succeeding years, but in 1860 had increased 
to a grand list of $5,310. In 1914 the grand list was $9,645.54. 

The following excerpts are from an article prepared by L. 
F. Wilbur, which appeared in the Chittenden Repvrter recently: 

"Most of the land of the town is well adapted to' agricultural 
purposes. There are no swamps creating miasma to render the 
town an unhealthy place in which to live. Proverbially it has 
been a healthy town in which to reside. Like most rural dis- 
tricts of Vermont it has suffered in consequence of some of its 
enterprising citizens emigrating to the west. But it is in ref- 
erence to its present prosperity and the advantages that all new 
comers will reap by becoming its actual residents, that I wish to 
speak. The shipping points are now first-class. The people in 
the northeasterly part of the town are accommodated by the 
Underbill depot, which is within ten rods of the north line of 
the town ; the south part of the town is accommodated at Rich- 
mond; the southwesterly part by the depot at North Williston, 
and the people of the whole town, as well as the people of West 
Bolton and the eastern part of Essex, are well accommodated by 
the depot at Jericho village. There are more than 100 dairies in 
town, ranging from six to 80 cows each. There are three post 
ofEces, one in each of the three villages. The village of Under- 
bill Flats, (so called), the larger part of which being in Jericho, 
is a prosperous village. On the Jericho side of the line are four 
stores, a steam sawmill, a grist mill, a tin shop, two physicians, an 
Episcopal and a Methodist church. The village at the Center has 
three stores, a blacksmith shop, a Congregational Church in front 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 155 

of which is a handsome park with shade trees. The village of 
Jericho, sometimes called Jericho Corners, is the principal vil- 
lage of the town situated on Brown's River on which there are 
several good mill privileges, some of which are improved, and 
others where manufacturing industries might be greatly extended. 
At this village there are now two stores, three blacksmiths' 
shops, one harness shop, two house painters, a carriage painter, a 
lawyer, a physician, one of the best gristmills in New England, 
two saw mills, and one for the manufacture of all sorts of 
wooden ware, a large tin shop, and one millinery shop. The vil- 
lage has first-class schools run under the town system. The vil- 
lage is pleasantly located, the streets are handsome, the buildings 
and residences are kept in good repair. There are three churches, 
Congregationalist, Baptist and Methodist, — and a school house 
hall that can be used for meetings and entertainments. As a place 
of residence or for those who desire to engage in agriculture or 
manufacturing Jericho is an inviting place. 

IN CONCLUSION. 

The dangers to which Jericho and its pioneers were a long 
time exposed; the invasions by the British army on the north 
and ravages and murderous attacks of hostile Indians for many 
years; the fact that Joseph Brown and his entire family, as 
early as 1780, were captured and taken to Canada and sold to 
British officers and held as prisoners for three years, and their 
log house and their entire property destroyed; the fact that 
the first settlers were compelled to abandon the town for a term 
of three years in order to save their lives from attacks of the 
British and hostile Indians before they could return to their 
lands and homes, and that the most northern post-office, the end 
of the postal route, was in Jericho for many years ; the fact 
that the town is one of the best watered towns in northern Ver- 
mont, well adapted for the raising of grain, for dairying pur- 
poses and the manufacture of maple sugar; the fact that in 
the early days of the State, the Academy at Jericho Center, for 
many years was the only place in northern Vermont where the 
young men and women had an opportunity to acquire an edu- 
cation in the higher branches of learning; the fact that the 



156 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



town has excellent water power where manufacturing can be 
profitably built up, and where railroad facilities are excellent, and' 
the fact that it has furnished to the State, Martin Chittenden and 
Asahel Peck, two of its prominent governors, give the town of 
Jericho a prominent and unique place among the towns of the 
State. 



Chapter VIII. 

THE FREEMEN OF JERICHO. 

Names of early residents to 1806 and since then of all who 
have subscribed to the Freeman's Oath since that date. 



Arranged by L. F. Wilbur. 



Joseph Brown, 
Roderick Messenger, 
Alzariah Rood, 
James Farnsworth, 
Lewis Chapin, 
Peter McArther, 
Joseph Hall, 
Jedadiah Lane, 
Abel Castle, 
Daniel Stanard, 
John Farwell, 
Esq. Savage, 
Benjamin Farnsworth, 
David Stanton, 
Jonathan Castle, 
John Lee, 
Leonard Hodges, 
John Russell, 
Ichabod Chapin, 
Benjamin Bartlett, 
Jopena Wilson, 
Noah Chittenden, 
J. McFarlin, 
Timothy Brown, 
Ebenezer Bartlett, 



Charles Brown, 
Nathan Stone, 
Reuben Lee, 
William Smith, 
Daniel Hutchinson, 
Nathaniel Bostwick, 
Alzariah Lee, 
Deac. Mathew Cole, 
Ebenezer Martin, 
Roger Lane, 
Thomas Rood, 
Eben Martin, 
John Hayward, 
John Thompson, 
John Lyman, 
Martin Chittenden, 
Noah Lyman, 
Ephraim Hyde, 
Adoph Butler, Jr., 
Elon Lee, 
John Gloyd, 
Jonathan Bixby, 
Daniel Bill, 
Peter Read, 
Nicholus McArther, 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 



157 



Abraham Hollenbeck, 
Thomas Make, 
Joslin Morgan, 
Nathan Moore, 
John Hollenbeck, 
Edward Fay, 
Jacob Hafford, 
Ira Goodrich, 
David Stone, 
Cleagan Hutchin, 
William Rood, 
Thomas Whitmarsh. 

1793. 
Solmon Fay, 
Dudley Stone, 
Billy Bartlet, 
Cyrus Cleveland, 
Ira Atkins, 
Jonathan Jacobs, 
Doctor Miles Richardson, 
Thomas Bentley, 
William Young. 

1795. 
P. C. Packard, 
John Blanchard, 
John Lane, 
Solomon Lee, 
Timothy Bliss, 
Issac Benham, 
Paul Kilbum, 
Samuel French, 
Daniel Bill, 
Linus Lee, 
David Whitmarsh, 
Moses Billings, 
Thomas D. Rood, 
Corpus Packard, 
David Field. 
Hylekiah Clark, 
Jonathan Shaw, 
Aaron Stone, 
Nehemiah Prouty, Jr., 
Caleb Nash, 
Oliver Whitmarsh, 
Stephen Shaw, 
Paul Babcock, 



Otis Turner, 
George Packard, Jr., 
Wait Catlin, 
Benj. Shaw, 
James Lowrey, 
Reuben Rockwell, 
Nathan Smith, 
EH Barnard, 
Thomas Day, 
Jesse Gloyd, 
David Fish, 
John Messenger, 
Howard Wade, 
John Gloyd, 
John Porter, 
Levi Nichols, 
Elizer Hubbel. 

1798. 
John Casey, 
David T. Stone, 
David Hatch, 
Wm. Jeffords, 
Joseph Hatch, 
Eben Bartlett, 
Joseph Brown, Jr., 
Ely Reed, 

Timothy S. Norton, 
James Orr, 
James Pease, 
Joseph Chipman, 
Cassius Pease, 
Samuel Nelson, 
J. Field, 
Ebenezer Reed, 
Timothy Bliss, Jr., 
Winthrop Hill. 
Samuel Bentley, 
Julius Hot, 
John Vane, 
F. Missy, 

Nathaniel Willson, 
Daniel BiUs, 
Reuben Boswell, 
Timothy Bliss, Jr., 
John Lyman, 
Silas Billing, 



158 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



Ebenezer Kingsbury, 
Avery Thacher. 

1801. 
Benj. Burt, 
John Bridgeman, 
Ebenezer Whitlock, 
Thomas Langdon, 
Thomas Hermon, 
Thomas Harmond, 
Jonathan Hoyt, 
Nathan Niles, 
Ebenezer Morris, 
Joseph Townsworth, 
James Hawley, 
Benajah Tisknor, 
Oliver Roude, 
Thomas McFarhn, 
Timothy Chapman, 
Peter Burdick, 
Rufus Grossman, 
Reuben Butler, 
Joseph Wilson, Jr., 
Jeremiah Sinclear, 
Samuel Messenger, 
Isaac Andrews, 
Peter Manwell, 
Doctor Ebenezer Hutchins, 
Linus Catlin, 
Samuel Martin, 
Haden Hall, 
Norman Shepard, 
Andrew Benton, 
Caleb Nash, Jr., 
Caleb Nash, 

Elnathan H. Brunsmead, 
David Coburn, 
Billy Bartlet, 
Paul Babcock, 



Timothy Bliss, Jr., 
Joseph Brown, Jr., 
Timothy Bliss, Jr., 
Elizer Hubbel, 
Willard Colton, 
Shipley Wells, 
Uriah How, 
Anal Strong, 
James Marsh, 
Thomas Day, 
Edward Day, 
Thomas Lawry, 
Joseph Staples, 
Alfred Smalley, 
Jonathan Evans, 
Samuel Brown, 
James A. Potter, 
Charles How, 
Peter Wood, 
John Ripley, 
Oliver Wilder, 
Samuel Day, 
Elias Potter, 
John Lane, 
John Bentley, 
Waters Mather, 
Abel Skinner, 
Jesse Thompson, 
Azariah Lee, Jr., 
Timothy Torrey, 
Seth Rice, 
Peter Shaw, 
John P. Smith, 
Homer Pelton, 
Peter Gloyd, 
James Lee, 
Peter Manwell. 



The following named persons, residents of Jericho, took the 
freeman's oath, as indicated, viz. : — 



In 1806. 
Edward Beals, 
Simon Richards, 
Luther Whitten, 



John Simon, 
Joshua Graves, 
Salmon Cook, 
Erastus D. Hubbell, 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 



159 



Stephen Lyman, 
Seth Messenger, 
William P. Richardson, 
Timothy Tyler. 

In 1807. 
Elisha Durham, 
Edward Fay, 2nd., 
William Russell, 
David Hatch, Jr., 
John Bliss, 
Elmer Benson, 
Simon Tiifeny, 
Benjamin Lucas, 
Elisha Durham, 
John Allen, 
Myron Reed, 
Earl Rockwell, 
James Fay, 
William Russell. 

In 1808. 
Anson Bostwick, 
Berfield E. Howe, 
Iras Kilburn, 
Vinson Nash, 
Asher Hall, 
Elmore Hapgood, 
Anson Curtis, 
John Atchinson, 
Orlando Ward, 
William M. Moore, 
Joel Macomber, 
Job. Burn, 
Daniel Turrill, 
Salmon Adams, 
John Benham, 
Eben Bartlett, 
Henry Field. 

In 1809. 
Stephen Lane, 
Peter Allen, 
Timothy Porter, 
Levy Chapin, 
William Rouse, 
Alexander McArthur, 
Luther Proiity, 
Johnson Brown, 



Isaac Ross, 
John Ripley, 
Samuel Knapp, ' 
Isaac Chamberlain, 
James Steel. 

In 1810. 
Jared Willson, " 
Charles Lowry, 
Ashbel Skinner, Jr. 

In 1811. 
Stephen Bascomb, 
Smith Benham, 
Olin Rouse, 
John Bates, Jr., 
Samuel Wells, 
Zebedee Packard, 
Harvey Field, 
Pliny Bliss. 

In 1812. 
Daniel Lyman, 
Joseph Wells, 
Levy Lane, 
James Skinner, 
Chester Bills, 
Jasper Brown, 
David Hutchinson, 
Benjamin Gline, 
William Church, 
Henry Vandoir, 
Samuel Quincy, 
Jonathan Cross, 
Silas Benham, 
Horace Andrus, 
Giles Dudley, 
Martin Root, 
EUjah Fish, 
Joseph Copeland. 
William Proctor, 
Thos. Chittenden, 
Frederick Hepburn. 

In 1813. 
Tillison Hapgood, 
Warren Ford, 
Azariah Rood, 
Nathaniel Joy, 
Nathan Smith, 



160 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



Joseph G. Phillips, 
Amos Hamblin, 
Parker Thimp, 
Roswell Bates, 
William M. Sterns, 
Milton Brown, 
WiUiam E. Dredge, 
Benj. Barron, 
Jabez I. Warner, 
Jabez Warner, 
Orange Butler, 
Henry Laflin, 
Porter Howe, 
Joel Williams, 
Rufus Billings, 
John Otis, 
Samuel Chatterton. 

In 1814. 
Philander Benham, 
Austin Field, 
Noah Lyman, Jr., 
Jacob Jones, 
Laban Joiner, 
John Lowry, 
Azariah Rouse, 
Daniel Douglass, 
John Baxter, 
Asa Baxter, 
Simeon Lyman, 
Marcus Shaw, 
Julius Bliss, 
Harmon Howe, 
John Barrett, 
Nathaniel Clapp, 
John May. 

In 1815. 
Miron Chapin, 
Franklin Spencer, 
Joseph Joiner, 
James Rood, 
John Garfield, 
Luman French, 
Milton Ford, 
Heman Rood, 
Hiram Stone, 
David Skinner, 



Nathan Hoskins, Jr., 
John Moore, 
tiarry Fassett, 
Gaites Atkins, 
Thomas Dudley, 
Henry Vadakim, 
Stephen Fish, 
Joseph Titreau. 

In 1816. 
Lemuel Blackman, 
Elias Bartlet, 
Luther Brown, 
Nathan Fay, Jr., 
Oliver Wilder, Jr., 
Ariel Squires, 
William Smith, Jr., 
Ephraim Hyde, Jr., 
John Scales. 

In 1817. 
Truman Brown, 
Lyman Field, 
Orpheus Thomson, 
Harvey Lyman, 
John Oakes, 
Jonathan Torrey, Jr., 
Sewell Spaulding, 
James Daget, 
Joseph Willet. 

In 1818. 
John Bartlet, 
Charles Marston, 
John Clapp, 
Justin Gloyd, 
Shelly Bentley, 
Jonathan R. Joiner, 
HoUan Lincoln, 
Daniel Brown, 
Abijah Whitton, 
Timothy Howe, 
Benj. F. HoUenbeck, 
Zenas Nash, 
Levi Rood, 
Ezra Church, 
William Reed, 
Jonathan Shaw, 
John Orr, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



161 



Harvey Wilder, 
Aaron Nichols, 
Harry Hoskins, 
John Smith. 

In 1819. 
Thomas D. Rood, Jr., 
Edward F. Hutchings, 
Lucius Barney, 
John Delaware, 
Erastus Field, 
Joseph Brown, Jr., 
Elisha Lyman, 
Milo Messinger, 
Sipious L. Hefflon. 

In 1820. 
John Thompson, 2nd., 
John Lyman, 
Henry Stephens, 
Azariah Lee, 
Zalmon Bentley, « 
Hosea Spaulding, 
Horace Pease, 
Joseph Rutter, 
Harry Gloyd. 

In 1821. 
Harvey Stone, 
Alonson Dixon, 
Edward McGee, 
Timothy Bliss, Jr., 
Simeon Pease, 
Lyman Davis, 
Orlin Rood, 
Daniel Shaw, 2nd., 
William Leet, 
John Westover, 
Thomas C. Barney. 

In 1822. 
Moses L. Colton, 
Samuel Day, 2nd.| 
Thomas I. Hutchings, 
Elon Howe, 
George W. Renslow, 
Milton Lincoln, 
Fletcher W. Joiner, 
James Lowry, 
Aaron Brownell, 



David Glines, 
F. A. Shaw. 

In 1823. 
Benj. Hatch, 
Jason Monroe, 
Rural Thompson, 
Harvey Ford, 
William C. Grimes, 
George Lillie, 
James Hunt, 
Martin C. Barney, 
Harvey Booth, 
Alexander Hamilton, 
Harvey Orr, 
Charles Campbell, 
Horace Bliss, 
Horatio G. Lane, 
A. B. Bentley, 
Albert Lee, 
Orwell Shaw, 
WilUam W. Cilley, 
Ariel Blodget, 
Lyman H. Potter, 
Hyman J. Martin, 
Bela Brown, 
Major Lamphere. 

In 1824. 
Henry Oakes, 
John Chambers, 
Lyman Bentley, 
Joseph McNall, 
Martin C. Bostwick, 
Solomon Wood, 
Isaac Smith, 
Gordon Blakely, 
Martin Mead, Jr.-, 
Lewis Lamphier, 
Horace Babcock, 
Elizah M. Morse, Jr., 
Joel Rood, • 
Samuel Clough. 

In 1825. 
Harmon B. Potter, 
Spencer Cilley, 
Alva Blodget, 
Charles Hubbell, 



162 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 



Jamin Hamilton, 
Martin Bartlet, 
Solomon Packard, 
Nahum Whitmarsh, 
William W. Winchel, 
Lewis Bradford, 
James G. Young, 
Levi Packard. 

In 1826. 
Nathan P. Spaulding, 
Roswell Lillie, 
Samuel Lee, 
Appleton Blakely, 
Rufus Parker, 
Lucian Bliss, 
Curtis Moss, 
Zina Brown, 
Stephen Hunt, 
Augustus Dowe, 
Joseph Packard, 
Oliver Whitmarsh, 
Jedediah Griffin, 
Hiram Rood, 
Lewis Rood, 
Hoyt Bostwick, 
Hosea Ballon, 
Thomas Mills, 
Selah Babcock, 
John B. Briant, 
Daniel Hale, 
Aaron Dowe. 

In 1827. 
Calvin Hale, 
Benj. Freeman, 
William S. Douglass, 
Eber D. Hatch, 
Levi C. Shaw, 
Alva Pease, 
Jarvis Colgrove, 
Andrew Warner, 
Joseph Butts, 
Ira S. Abbott, 
Orlan Porter, 
Chauncey Chapin, 
Hosea Joy, 
John Lee, Jr., 



Nahum Bradford, 
Richard Cilley, 
Asa Noice, 
Perkins Fairfield, 
Thomas Floid, 
George L. Glines, 
Augustus Lee, 2nd., 
Levi S. Lane, 
Daniel Colton, Jr., 
Orange B. Reed, 
John Ryan, 
John Glines, 
Russell French, 
Warren Hall. 

In 1828. 
Henry Marsh, 
Samuel Bartlett, 
William Benson, 
Truman C. Lane, 
Rodney Thompson, 
George Woodward, 
Elon Hall, 
Smith B. Hatch, 
George Oakes, 
David Fish, Jr., 
Hiram Day, 
Ambrose Bliss, 
Daniel Nash, 
Benjamin Glines, Jr., 
Jasper Griffin, Jr., 
Jonathan Fades, 
Reuben Lee, Jr., 
James Livingston, 
Simeon Bicknell, 
Julius Babcock, 
Eben Lee, Jr., 
Isaac C. Bostwick, 
Marshall Beals. 

In 1829. 
Giles Day, 
Edward P. Fay, 
Albert Butts, 
John Hunt, 
Barney Fairfield, 
Wills Blodget, 
Francis B. Vaughn, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



163 



Reuben Rockwell, 
John McAndlass, 
Oliver Day, 
Alonzo Lee, 
Eliphalet Bean, 
Otis H. Knights. 

In 1830. 
Vinson Nash, 
Benj. F. Lillie, 
William E. Bartlett, 
Jeremiah G. Lane, 
Roswell C. Crossett, 
Norman Wood, 
Thomas Goodhue, Jr., 
Zachariah Field, 
Lucien S. Blodgett, 
William Oakes, 
Calvin Marsh. 

In 1831. 
Albert Lowry, 
Dewey Pierce, 
John Delaware, 
Albert Cilley, 
Nathan Richardson, 
George W. Hart, 
Austin Norton, 
Solomon Lee, Jr., 
Eli Douglass, 
Orange Parker, 
Leonard Bicknell, 
Cyrus Packard, 
Allen Willis, 
Mathew Barney, 
Harvey Hatch, 
Daniel Martin. 

In 1832. 
William S. Hitchcock, 
Elijah B. Reed, 
Harrison Webster, 
Joel Stevens, 
William Tower, 
Chittenden Galusha, 
Charles D. F. Johnson, 
Ezra Ransom, 
Henry Blackman, 
C. R. Bigsby, 



Abijah Wheelock, Jr., 
Watrous Thompson, 
A. B. Staunton, 
Lyman Stimson, 
Van Rensalier Foster, 
Alvin Chase, 
Harris Hoyt, 
Stephen Dudley. 

In 1833. 
Moses Peck, 
Maseorie B. Johnson, 
William Lee, 
Ebenezer Benson, Jr., 
David H. Babcock, 
Peter W. Shaw, 
Marcus Messenger. 

In 1834. 
Henry Lane, 
Isaac L. Benham, 
Silas R. Day, 
Wilham L. Hall, 
Ezra Chamberlain, Jr., 
Robinson S. Blodgett, 
Thomas Howe, 
Harry Goodell, 
Loomis Galusha, 
Denison Monroe, 
Arthur L. Castle, 
Newton Rood, 
James Hunt, 
John Turrell, 
Edward C. S. Parker, 
Sumner Rockwood, 
Chester Caswell, 
Daniel P. Lee, 
Ezekiel Bailey, 
Milo Foster, 
Giles Howe. 

In 1836. 
Daniel Pomeroy, 
Edwin Hays, 
Rufus Brown, 
Joseph Goodhue, 
Ansel Nash, 
Philander S. Prior, 
Albert Gleason, 



164 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



Samuel H. Byington, 
Solon B. Rawson, 
Andrew J. Cilley, 
Heman Gibbs, 
Edwin Blackman. 

In 1837. 
Osmond Castle, 
William H. Kenniston, 
Lyman C. Cotton, 
Cassius Douglass, 
Samuel B. Bostwick, 
Austin Field, 
James B. Orr, 
Roswell Tarbox. 

In 1838. 
Horace Reed, 
Solomon Barney, 
Henry Whitten, 
Zanthy Parker, 
Everet W. Johnson, 
David Story, 
Moses Edwards, 
Milo Douglass, 
Dennis Rood, 
Orrin Rawson, 
James T. Foster. 

In 1839. 
Charles E. Allen, 
John Goodhue, 
Timothy Abbott, Jr. 

In 1840. 
Samuel Kingsbury, 
Truman Stebbins, 
Wilkins Rockwood, 
Henry Benham, 
Jesse Thomson, Jr., 
George W. Harris, 
James J. Stevens, 
Robert McLaren, 
Wells Blackman, 
Henry G. Gibbs, 
William R. Rouss, 
James S. Blackman, 
John Lane, 
John Messenger, 
David Benson, 



Lucius L. Lane, 
Albert Smith, 
Salmon Fay. 

In 1841. 
Selem Blackman, 
Isaac H. Blodgett, 
Lewis Marsh, 
Martin Richardson, 
Hiram F. Chamberlain, 
George Butler, 
Lyman C. Hall, 
George Downing, 
John T. Pratt, 
Perkins Edwards, 
Charles H. Lyman, 
Freeman Martin, 
Hervey M. Stimson. 

In 1842. 
Haswell Church, 
Henry Douglass, 
Leet A. Bishop, 
Ezra Elliott, 
Hiram Dixon, 
Smiley Thomson, 
Rollin M. Galusha, 
Francis Goodhue, Jr., 
Milton Martin, 
Miles Ransom. 

In 1843. 
Jared S. Deming, 
Daniel Hobart, 
Daniel U. Johnson, 
Luther S. Prouty, 
Henry W. Butler, 
Edwin R. Crane, 
George P. Howe, 
Newell Marsh. 

In 1844. 
Milo H. Chapin, 
Newell Stone, 
John W. Blackman, 
Ziby Pixley, 
Edward Day, 
Eleazer Martin, 
Samuel Brown, 
Sylvester Lee, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



166 



Samuel Webster, 
Orlin Rood, 
William Benham, 
Julius Ransom, 
Edgar A. Barney, 
Francis W. Crane, 
Harrison Perrigo, 
Dennison Bliss, 
Homer Rawson. 

In 1845. 
George H. Duncan, 
Joel B. Bartlett, 
Lyman Reed. 

In 1846. 
Henry Ware, 
Edwin Pratt, 
Emerson Field, 
Lemuel J. Bliss. 

In 1847. 
Kineson S. Ransom, 
Orson Robbins, 
Charles Benway, 
Albert Chapin, 
Rollin Townsend, 
James Russell. 

In 1848. 
George Wadsworth, 
James Hoyt Orr, 
Gains Pease, 2nd., 
Munroe Bates, 
Lewis Batties, 
Horatio E. Hawley, 
Elon H. Prouty, 
John Danvers, 
Ambrose ,C. Stone, 
Oscar Gibbs. 

In 1849. 
George Wilder, 
David N. Shaw, 
Rollin M. Clapp, 
Gordon Smith, 
Luther Haskin. 

In 1850. 
Abner James Loveland, 
Albert O. Humphrey, 
Herbert Chapin, 

12 



Asa Piatt, 
Royal J. Thomson, 
William Totten, 
Abram B. Stroud, 
John L. Johnson, 
Edward Pease. 

In 185L 
Lewis Rodo, 
George F. Chapin, 
Rollin Lincoln, 
George Stiles, 
Otis B. Church, 
Dennis Day, 
Chesman Johnson, 
George F. Martin, 
Clark Ford, 
George Booth, 
Newell Blakely. 

In 1852. 
John D. Kingsbury, 
Edwin Bentley, 
Nelson Wood, 
Ira L. Bicknell, 
Homer Lyman Bartlett. 

In 1853. 
Hira A. Percival, 
Rodney Barney, 
Hawley Booth, 
Lucius Blodgett, 
Edward Field, 
Norman Ford, 
Jesse Gloyd, 
Smith Pease, 
John C. Bradley, 
Chesmor Johnson. 

In 1855. 
Orrin Stimson, 
Thomas G. Richardson, 
Harvey S. Blakely, 
William Trumbull Lee, 
Wells Lee, 
Truman B. Barney. 

In 1856. 
Edwin Howe, 
Harlow Percival, 
William Mills, 



166 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



Adrian S. Lee. 

In 1857. 
George H. Vancor, 
John H. Johnson, 
John A. Bowman, 
Lyman Bartlett. 

In 1858. 
Orrison H. Shaw, 
Asa Church. 

In 1859. 
William E. Benson, 
Miron Lyman, 
Marcus Dunlop, 
Chauncey Smith, 
L. H. Bostwick, 
Charles C. Cilley, 
Robert White. 

In 1860. 
Daniel Buxton, 
B. S. Smith, 
Parker Balch, 
E. C. Hilton, 
N. Bissonette, 
John Lavelle. 

In 1861. 
Loren Chamberlain, 
Wilson Whitmarsh, 
Erastus Powell. 

In 1862. 
Oscar Loomis, 
S. J. Haskins, 
Lysander Jackson, 
Samuel York, 
Charles M. Crane, 
Chauncey Church. 
In 1863. 
Asa I. Powell, 
Dennison Parker, 
Wallace B. Fish, 
Thomas H. Buxton, 
Luther M. Howe, 
Philemon Smith, 
Dustin Bicknell, 
David R. Bigelow, 
Osgood M. Whipple, 
Andrew J. Hale,' 



Henry M. Brown, 
Edward S. Whitcomb. 

In 1865. 
Abel Hoskins, 
Justin B. Willard, 
Allen Bicknell, 
Caleb Nash, 
Charles Wright, 
George H. Bliss, 
Buel H. Day. 

In 1866. 
George Sherman, 
James H. Safford, 
Alexander H. Miller, 
James Keefe, 
Eli N. Peck, 
Wilson R. Curtis, 
Birney W. Hilton, 
George Dunbar, 
Henry W. Thomson. 

In 1867. 
Tillman C. Wright, 
Henry J. Vancor, 
William J. Gibson, 
George D. Thomson, 
A. G. Barney. 

In 1868. 
E. T. Dusseau, 
Vinson K. Nash, 
Orlando Joy, 
Seth W. Packard, 
H. H. Douglass, 
Frank F. Gomo. 

In 1869. 
Byron Day, 
James Kennedy, 
HoUis Smith, 
Dennis E. Rood, 
Simeon Bullock, 
Fayette Balch, 
E. A. Bliss, 
Daniel Fuller, 
Oliver G. Story, 
Hiram E. Allen. 

In 1870. 
RoUin Douglass, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



167 



John Benham, 
' Morton W. Booth, 
Michael Carroll. 

In 1872. 
Hoyt H. Davis, 
Irving R. Gleason, 
Joseph Steams, 
J. H. Douglass, 
Franklin N. Stearns, 
W. Scott Nay, 
Harmon G. Howe, 
Henry Smith, 
Lewis Gauvin, 
Dorman Stockwell, 
J. P. Clary, 
Buel White, 
Frank Colgrove, 
Henry Desseau. 

In 1874. 
Franklin P. Percival, 
Frederick Hodges, 
George Packard, 
George Paradee, 
John W. Pierce, 
Norris S. Ransom, 
Robert Field, 
Fred Smith, 
John Benjamin. 

In 1876. 
J. H. Russell, 
M. F. Bulger, 
Charles E. Blood, 
Frank C. Young, 
Charles F. Bixby, 
George H. White, 
Fred E. Chambers, 
John A. Smith, 
Giles W. Stimson, 
Eben L. Graham, 
L. M. Johnson, 
John Carroll, 
K. C. Butler, 
John Morey, 
Charles LeCIair, 
John Nash, 
Frank A. Stiles. 



In 1878. 
Andrew C. Berry, 
William S. Powell, 
Henry Murdock, 
W. C. Stevens, 
Burke Brown, 
Lucian H. Chapin, 
Charles M. Berry, 
Chauncey H. Hayden, 
Charles Eastman, 
Fred S. Tomlinson, 
Alvin Graham. 

In 1880. 
John Casey, 
C. F. Nealy, 
H. D. Peters, 
E. Frank Lane, 
Lewis Roscoe, 
J. W. Somers, 
Frank J. Chambers, 
Eli Stone, 
Frank S. Ransom, 
E. E. Thompson, 
H. H. Howe, 
G. L. Curtis, 
G. E. Humphrey, 
James McClaflin, 
C. S. Field, 
Carlos Young, 
Charles Barney, 
James Nelson, 
Ebert Lane, 
G. W. Bass, 
Henry Benwore, 
FranicUn S. Jackson, 
Charles Douglass. 

In 1882. 
Charles W. Powell, 
Louis F. Paradee, 
George W. Lucia, 
William Morton, 
Joseph Shiner, 
J. D. Farrell, 
John Hall, 
Edward Sweeney, 
Justin H. Gloyd, 



168 



HISTORY OF JERICHO. VERMONT. 



Ezra Shiner, 
Peter Plant, 
Edward Hawley, 
Frank A. Castle, 
Nelson Guyette, 
Clinton C. Abbott, 
Fred Hatch. 

In 1883. 
Moses Bolger. 

In 1884. 
George Gauvin, 
Homer Kinney, 
Henry G. Stiles, 
W. C. Field, 
Andrew Gearin, 
Bert S. Booth, 
W. A. Tarbox, 
A. W. Waters, 

E. C. Myers, 
Will Wood, 
C. B. Tyler, 
Frank E. Kinney, 
A. D. Bradford, 
Charles Bentley, 
Lewis Ladue, 

A. C. Lowry, 
J. T. Vamey, 

F. Guyette, 
Fred E. Wilson, 
Eugene B. Jordan. 

In 1886. 
W. N. Pierce, 
H. N. Percival, 
Martin Mead, 
Warren Fellows, 
S. S. Thomson, 
George Sherman, 
H. W. Packard, 
A. D. Bradford, 
George W. Tubbs, 
John Ryan, 
Judson Hodges, 
George Costello, 
William Woodruff, 
F. C. Williams, 
W. M. Bradford, 



E. B. Williams, 
William Flynn, 
William Boilson, 
Sanford Glidden, 
Waldo Smith, 
John Costello, 
Eli Paradee, 
James Sweeney, 
George Willard, 
Charles Barney, 
Mortimer Whitney, 
George Johnson, 
James Tobin, 
Willie L. Marsh, 
Frank Pratt, 
Fred Pratt, 
Luther M. Stevens, 
W. A. Bentley, 

F. M. Nash. 

In 1888. 
W. M. Buxton, 
Orvis Rowland, 
W. M. McGovem, 
Peter S. McGibbon, 
R. C. Gloyd, 
Hoyt O. Kinney, 
Burt J. Sherman, 
George H. Booth, 
George W. Gearing, 
L. E. Taylor, 
Don C. Hawley, 
Judson E. Fleming, 
Charles A. Williams, 
Edward E. Story, 
Louis Morrow, 
David Parizo, 
B. C. Day, 
H. T. Barnard, 
Fred Guyette, 
Will E. Prior. 

In 1890. 
A. C. Johnson, 
James K. Morse, 
Theodore Tubbs, 
Mortimer Whitney, 
Joshua Hamilton, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



169 



Charles Jackson, 
H. E. Bates, 
Louis Pratt, 
Edmund Guyette, 
Luke Bolger, 
David Bissonette, 
Clement G. Austin. 

In 1892. 
Edward Martin, 
Ira Austin, 
H. Brigham, 
Geo. Cunningham, 
John Cabana, 
W. C. Jackson, 
Arthur Prue, 
Frank W. Woods. 

In 1894. 

Leander Savoie, 
William Flynn, 
G. Hutchinson, 
Elbridge Nealy, 
Wesley Church, 
John Tarbox, 
L. D. Moulton, 
E. C. Packard, 

B. C. Hawley, 
Fred Buxton, 
Frank Flynn, 
Clarence Pratt, 
Leroy Barber, 
Curtis Nash, 
Ernest Gauvin, 
E. D. Herrick, 
Arthur J. Bumor, 

C. T. Wright, 
George Pecor, 
Valorus Howland. 

In 1896. 

E. T. Scott, 
I. F. Bennett, 
Frank L. Kidder, 
Hiram J. Curry, 
Sidney J. Barber, Jr., 

F. A. Wright, 
Clifton A. Pease, 



I. C. Stone, 
George H. Kidder, 
James J. Jackson, 
Albert I. Gleason, 
W. W. Buzzell, 
E. S. Ransom, 
G. W. Labardee, 
William SchilUiammer, 
C. T. Barney, 
Henry L. Smith, 
Hiram Tromblay, 
Chauncey Bicknell, 
Walter J. Howland, 
William J. Nichols, 
Lewis O. Chapin. 

In 1897. 
Michael Hearin. 

1898. 
Henry W. Curry, 
Albert Byington, 
Glenn L. Booth, 
James P. McLaughlin, 
William Monell, 
Samuel W. Hoyt, 
Elmer Harriman, 
Dennis H. Eldredge, 
Thomas Adrien, 
Roma H. May, 
Arthur E. Sherman, 
John Ammon, 
Henry W. Curry, 
Fred W. Ploof, 
Edgar S. Hoyt, 
Edmond L. Plant, 
John B. Hardy, 
Isadore Panther, 
Newton T. Isham, 
Charles J. Guyette, 
Stephen E. Curtis, 
James Carroll, 
George L. Lyon, 
Haswell G. Brown, 
Albert P. Byington, 
Patrick H. Flynn, 
Joseph Larrabee, 
Ebenezer White, 



170 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



Lawrence Aegan, 
Henry A. Blood. 

In 1900. 
Ralph M. Church, 
Bert Ballard, 
Augustus J. Mattimore, 
James H. Carroll, 
W. Scott Fuller, 
Lynn D. Moulton, 
Palmer J. Davis, 
Edward M. Cady, 
Lloyd Grames, 
Clark Streeter, 
R. Lee Howe, 
Charles B. Tierney, 
Barney J. Mattimore, 
Fred J. Foster, 
Hubert Morom, 
William V. N. Ring, 
William D. Chesmore, 
John Keefe, 
Irving Ballard, 
Frank G. Pease, 
Harlan P. Hall, 
Emery J. Streeter, 

E. Harley Barber, 
Howard Streeter, 
Chas. E. Lee, 

J. W. Prior, 
Albert McLaughlin. 

In 190L 
Edward W. Hoskins, 
George A. Hall, 
Archie Perrigo. 

In 1902. , 

F. L. Giddings, 
J. A. Clerkin, 
Orin N. Bean, 
Carlton E. Nay, 
Lynn A. Brown, 
Ray M. Brown, 
Harry D. Hopkins, 
J. P. Carroll, 

Eli W. Ross, 
H. E. Godfrey, 
Park H. Brown, 



Amos N. Warner, 
Marshall H. Bushey, 
Wm. Woodruff, 
Wm. Francis. 

In 1903. 
W. T. Bean, 
J. G. Shaw, 
Zeph. Hapgood, 
George Bean. 

In 1904. 
John E. McGinnis, 
Clarence C. Covey, • 
O. E. Barnard, 
M. A. Buzzell, 
Wesley J. Cochran, 
Orson Brown, 
Clement E. Tomlin, 
Ray Gleason, 
Arthur E. Brown, 
Joseph E. Bleau, 
Wayne Nealy, 
Leslie Cook, 
H. E. Ayres, 
Arthur E. Meyette, 

F. J. Ladeau, 
H. G. Martin, 

G. W. Bowman, 
Kiel Myers, 
Allen Williams. 

In 1906. 
Alfred P. Cayo, 
Harry E. Lawrence, 
H. T. Chase, 
Harry Parker, 
Arthur H. Packard, 
Arthur H. McLaughlin, 
Thomas H. Moran, 
Clarence B. Shiner, 
E. J. Gregory, 
Claude E. Blodgett, 
George R. Blood, 
Lewis Ploof, 
Leonard Mitchell, 
Edmond H. Harrian, 
Lynn A. Brown, 
Gould J. Wilbur, 



HISTORY OF JERiICHO, VERMONT. 



171 



Alfred P. Gkjodell, 
James E. Killpeck. 

In 1908. 
Guy C. Murdock, 
Tuifel Bostwick, Sr., 
Clyde W. Wilder, 
Lee Whittemore, 
H. C. Lombard, 
Alric Bentley, 
George H. Hutchinson, 
Edward A. Shiner, 
Charles F. Moran, 
Edward Paradee, 
George Ring. 

In 1910. 
Theodore B. Williams, 
Dennis B. Terrill, 
Howard N. Haylett, 
Frank B. Brown, 
Harry R. Allen, 
Harry McLaughlin. 

In 1911. 
Ernest H. Gomo, 
Hovey Jordan, 
Homer Brown, 
Zeb. Deforge. 

In 1912. 
Buel H. Day, 
John Spellman, 
Joseph Laforge, 
John R. Story, 
Grover C. Fuller, 
Patrick L. Corvan, 



Merritt O. Eddy, 
Henry H. Dickinson, 
Henry L. Murdock, 
Bailey Brown, 
John Deforge, 
Peter J. Pratt, 
Carl Schillhammer, Jr., 
Robert O. Kenyon, 
John A. McKeefe, 
William F. Yantz, 
Raymond F. White, 
H. L. Terrill, 
E. T. Maloney, 
Frank S. Jackson, 
Fred S. Safford, 
William V. N. Ring, 
Sheldon E. Hill. 

In 1913. 
Chester H. White. 

In 1914. 
Wilfred Pratt, 
Lester D. Packard, 
Arthur W. Harris, 
Claude T. Gtaves, 
Arthur T. Bentley, 
Perley J. King, 
Earl C. Cross, 
Howard C. Rochelle, 
C. Tyler, 

C. Harold Hayden, 
Leroy ICimball, 
Robert M. Fuller. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 173 

PART FOURTH. 

THE CHURCHES OF THE TOWN. 

Edited by Rev. S. H. Barnum. 

Chapter I. 

FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH. 
(Based mainly upon the Church records.) 

Organisation and Earliest History. — The First Baptist 
Church of Jericho was organized at Essex, as the following 
minute shows : "Be it remembered that at a church meeting held 
at the house of Deacon Nathaniel Blood in Essex on the 21st day 
of April, 1817, we as a branch of the Baptist Church in Essex 
were set off and organized a church at Jerico." The date is not 
given of the first meeting in Jericho, but its minutes are of in- 
terest: "Agreeable to Appointment we met at the schoolhouse in 
Jerico. 

1. Attended to prayer. 

2. Chose Br. Nahum Joyner, moderator. 

3. Chose Br. Joel Castle, clerk. 

4. voted to Attend Covenant meetings the first Saturdays in 
Each month. 

5. voted to Attend Church meetings once in two months 
on thursday. 

6. Adjourned to the second thursday in June at twelve 
o'clock. 

Closed by prayer." 

These meetings were held for some years at the school house 
or at private houses, and it was early voted that Brethren N. Joy- 
ner, C. Norton and J. Castle "stand as those who shall take the 
lead of meetings." In the very first year they began to visit and 
labor with fellow members who were in some way censurable, 
and many a letter of admonition, followed either by the recov- 



174 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

ery of the offender or his exclusion, was referred to as the years 
went on. April 6, 1819, a committee, treasurer, and collector 
for the ensuing year were chosen, and a few weeks later it was 
voted "to make a trial to get subscriptions enough to hire preach- 
ing half the time if possible." Near the end of the year it was 
voted "to add seventeen dollars to make up $75.00 to Elder T. 
Ravlin for preaching two years past." It appears that Thomas 
Ravlin was licensed to preach in 1814, by the Hinesburg Church 
and was ordained while pastor at Essex Center. It may be con- 
jectured that while at Essex he supplied more or less at Jericho. 
Apparently from 1819 to 1823 there was no regular preaching, 
but on Feb. 27, 1823, it was voted to have preaching the ensumg 
year, and on March 25 to hire Brother Sabins to preach, if pos- 
sible, one-quarter of the time. 

Elders Culver and Tuttle appear as supplies. Brother Hast- 
ings preached about a year, followed by Joel P. Hayford, who 
was to have $200. Elder Kimball, who served from March, 1826, 
for a year, was to receive $300, each meinber being taxed ac- 
cording to his list. The names of Elder Timothy Spaulding and 
Elder Moses Cheney appear, and they may have preached awhile, 
but from 1819 up to 1829 no one seems to have served more than 
a year. From 1823 meetings were held half the time at the 
school house or near the Corners, and half the time in the south 
part of the town, and in Jan., 1825, it was voted to have preach- 
ing half the time at the Corners and the other half at the center 
cf the town at the new meeting house. Later meetings were also 
held at the Joy school house and at Bolton. It is to be noted that 
in 1825, Truman Galusha, who had come from Shaftsbury, and 
Joel Castle were elected deacons. 

Pastorate of Elder Graves. — ^An era of prosperity came to the 
church during the pastorate of Rev. J. M. Graves, who began in 
1829 and stayed four years. The details of his salary, which were 
altered three or four times, were at one time that he should re- 
ceive $250 in grain and produce, $50 in cash, house rent, fuel, hay 
and pasturing for one horse and a cow. The salary was raised by 
assessment upon the grand list. This was a revival period, and 
the record of baptisms was 4 in 1830, 64 in 1831, 18 in 1832. A 
creed had been adopted at the beginning of the history of the 
Church, but at this time a more elaborate and detailed one was 




Rev. J. K. WiLi.iAirs. 
Rev. Hiram C. Estes. 



Rev. Austin Hazen. 

Rev. Simeon Pabmalee 
OF Riverside Memory. 




|1h 



P 
K 
O 



< 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 175 

substituted. Another quite changed superseded this in 1843. 
The Brick Meeting House at the Corners, was occupied alter- 
nately from 1826 to 1858 by the Baptist and Congregationalists. 
In the time of the masonry excitement in 1831, a resolution was 
passed denying any fellowship with speculative free masonry. 

Pastorates from 1833 to 1859.— Rev. Timothy Spaulding, 
who was probably here before, succeeded Elder Graves in 1833, 
and was to receive $350, one-third in cash, and parsonage. He 
is spoken of as a man of superior ability and of zeal. He re- 
mained two years, and later going West succumbed to the hard- 
ships of work in the new country. He was followed by Isaiah 
Huntley, 1837-1842. In one year of his pastorate, 1839, 47 were 
baptized. Elder H. D. Hodge preached from 1842 to 1845. 
Ffeb. 16, 1843, a Baptist Church was organized in West Bolton, 
to which the Jericho Church gave 39 members, whose names are 
given upon the records. It was called the Second Baptist Church 
of Jericho. It is stated that the utmost harmony and unity 
of feeling prevailed throughout the whole proceeding, and those 
brothers and sisters who were set off were bidden a hearty God- 
speed in their labor of love. The next pastor was Myron N. 
Steams, 1845-1847, . followed for several months by Peter Chase 
of unusual linguistic ability, S. G. Abbott, 1850-1852 and Rufus 
Smith, 1852-1856. J. H. Drummond supplied in 1857, and N. 
P. Foster, though credited to Burlington Baptist Church in 
1858, officiated at baptisms here in that year. During this pe- 
riod strong anti-slavery resolutions presented by Elder H. D. 
Hodge were spread upon the records. Although considerable 
numbers had been added to the church, it was often difficult to 
meet the expense of a salary of $300 to $400, and entries similar 
to the following appear: "After prayer proceeded to examine 
the subscription papers and found a delinquency. Voted that the 
committee make a further effort to fill out the subscription and 
make report one week from next Saturday." And then they 
courageously vote to have preaching the ensuing year. 

The Baptist Meeting House. — Steps were taken at a meeting 
held Dec. 12, 1857, to buy out the interest of the Congregational 
Church in the brick meeting house or to sell their own, or, failing 
in either, to build and to unanimously sustain each other in any 
course of measures required to secure a house of worship. The 



176 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

result was that a committee consisting of Deacon T. Galusha, A. 
Cilley, T. C. Galusha, L. B. Howe and O. Rood, were appointed 
to provide for and superintend the building of a Baptist meeting 
house and parsonage, to raise the funds and find an eligible site. 
Subscriptions footing up $2,742.75 were secured. A lot was 
bought of T. Galusha for $400 and a contract made with B. W. 
Haynes to build a meeting house for $2,245, and a parsonage for 
$1',051.50, total $3,296.50. This was paid in full. After the 
completion of the church the pews were appraised at $2,850, an 
equivalent of the expense of the whole lot of land and the meet- 
ing house as completed and furnished. The sale of the slips 
brought $2,971.75 or $121.75 more than the appraisal. A num- 
ber of the pews were purchased by Truman Galusha, who had ad- 
vanced money to complete the necessary payments, and after his 
sudden death a new subscription was requisite of $916.21 to pay 
his estate, an undertaking which was successfully accomplished. 
The church was dedicated Jan. 6, 1859, the sermon being 
preached by Rev. N. P. Foster of Burlington. From this time 
on regular services were held in their own church every Sabbath. 

Pastorates since 1859. — Rev. James Andem was pastor 1859- 
1861, followed by Hiram C. Estes, June, 1862-Aug., 1872. Mr. 
Estes' service was the longest in the history of the church. He 
was called at $350 and parsonage but declined. On being asked 
to name his terms he requested $400 with the prospect of an 
increase according as the church might be able to give it. The 
church agreed, two years later raised the salary to $600, and in 
the years 1868 and 1869 reported a surplus in the treasury. Dur- 
ing this pastorate the church roll was revised. One hundred and 
thirty-three names were found upon the list, but 52 of these 
were of members dismissed, united with other churches without 
letters, deceased or of unknown residence, leaving 81 who were 
bona fide members. The names of all are given upon the records. 
Another incident of this pastorate was that David F. Estes, a son 
of the pastor, was licensed to preach by the church. 

Rev. Evan Lewis was here about a year ; Rev. Ahira Jones, 
1874-1880, during whose time extensive repairs were made upon 
the church and parsonage; Rev. De Forrest Safford, 1881-1884, 
the church then being yoked with the one at Bolton, and Rev. 
Irving W. Coombs, 1885-1886, the yoking being made with Essex 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 177 

instead of Bolton, an arrangement which continued for a number 
of years. 

Brother Richard Bradshaw, 1889-1890, was ordained while 
here. Rev. A. N. Woodruff, 1890-1894, baptized twelve on one 
Sabbath following revival meetings.- A prayer meeting room 
and a baptistery were constructed and furnaces placed in the base- 
ment in 1891. Mr. Woodruff, who was for about fifty years a 
Baptist minister, died in Burlington in Sept., 1914, at the age of 
76. During the pastorate of Rev. J. T. Buzzell, 1894-1901, all 
the church property was deeded to the Vermont Baptist 
Convention and then deeded back with reversionary right. 
Twenty-three were baptized in 1896. Other incidents of 
this pastorate were the starting of a Home Department 
class, the reception of a legacy of $500 from the estate of 
Mrs. Dodge, the installation of a new church organ, and the ad- 
dition of a veranda to the parsonage. It was said of the Bible 
School at one annual meeting : "We have as fine a corps of teach- 
ers as can be found in any school of the same size." There were 
then 77 names on the roll. Meanwhile eleven members moved 
away, among them some of the best workers. Rev. O. N. Bean, 
1901-1904, and G. W. Campbell, 1904-1906, preached during a 
part of their engagements also at West Bolton. Mr. Campbell 
was ordained here. Rev. Frederic Emerson served 1906-1909. 
The work went efficiently and harmoniously during these years. 
It was then decided to unite with Essex on a basis of $700 and 
parsonage from the two churches, the Jericho church having been 
obliged since 1901 to receive state aid. Rev. N. W. Wolcott was 
pastor of the two churches from 1910 to 1912, and Rev. Charles 
A. Nutting came in April, 1912. He was born at Fitchburg, 
Mass., in 1869, graduated from Mt. Hermon school, in 1901 from 
Hiram College, from which also he received the degree of M. A., 
and in 1904 from Rochester Theological Seminary. He has 
held pastorates in Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Vermont. 
During his pastorate a piano was purchased for the church and 
the baptistery improved. The church has no debt and pays 
promptly its share of the $750 salary. Mr. Nutting closed his 
work here Jan. 31, 1915. Rev. Irving E. Usher began work here 
Aug. 1, 1915. Mr. Usher was b. in North Uxbridge, Mass., in 
1859, graduated from Worcester Academy and Colgate Univer- 



178 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

sity, and has been pastor at Charlestown and McGraw, N. Y.; 
Hingham, Mass.; Newport, N. Y. ; Poultney and Bristol, Vt.; 
Rupert, Idaho and Tekoa, Wash. 

Conclusion. — Among the many faithful members it will not 
be invidious to mention three of the church clerks : Enoch Howe, 
1830-1836; E. B. Reed, 1836-1874; and W. R. Curtis, 1875-1912. 
Deacons were for a considerable time elected for a term of years, 
but in 1893 D. E. Rood and in 1894 W. R. Curtis were chosen 
for life, and in 1909 W. E. Buxton was elected third deacon. 
Losses have been many and the present membership is sixty-one 
of whom thirty-seven are resident members. The church prop- 
erty is valued at $4,500. The benevolences reported in 1913 were 
$68. The greatest prosperity was perhaps in the ten years' 
ministry of Rev. Hiram C. Estes, 1862-1872, but the most exten- 
sive revivals were in 1831 and 1839 under Elders Graves and 
Huntley. There have been periods of serious depression and dur- 
ing some years there has been no regular preaching, but the loyal 
church is now approaching its centennial anniversary. 
This sketch of Dr. Estes is furnished by his son : 
Rev. Hiram Cushman Estes, D. D., was born in Bethel, Maine, 
July 27, 1823. He was brought up on a farm, but early developed 
a love of learning and a passion for books. Like many other 
New England youths, he was obliged to depend mainly upon his 
own efforts for the means necessary to a course of study, and in 
his case as in many others, the fact was demonstrated that a de- 
termined will is quite sure to open a way. After leaving the town 
school, he prepared for college, working upon the farm portions 
of each year, and teaching in winter to meet his expenses. He 
entered Waterville College, now Colby University, in 1843, and 
was graduated with honor in 1847. He studied theology at Har- 
vard Divinity School, and was ordained to the work of the min- 
istry at Auburn, Maine, in 1850. For three years, from 1852 to 
1855, he was agent for the American Baptist Missionary Union 
in the State of Maine ; settled over the church in Trenton, Me., 
from 1855 to 1860; at Leicester, Mass., from 1860 to 1862; at 
Jericho from 1862 to 1872 ; over the Baptist Church in Paris, Me,, 
from 1873 to 1883; at Winchendon, Mass., from 1883 to 1885; 
at Leicester again from 1886 to 1894 ; at Newton Junction, N. H., 
from 1894 to 1897. He died Feb. 4, 1901, after a prolonged 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 179 

illness. While at Trenton, he was elected to the Legislature in 
1858, and served as chairman of the committee on Education on 
the part of the House. The degree of D. D. was conferred upon 
him by his Alma Mater in 1872. Dr. Estes was a profound 
scholar, a forcible and interesting writer, and whatever he under- 
took to do, he did well. His library, which he knew thoroughly, 
was one of the largest ever gathered by a country minister in New 
England. He wrote and delivered several lectures which have 
been highly spoken of by those best qualified to judge. His only 
published volume is an essay entitled, "The Christian Doctrine 
of the Soul," which appeared in 1873. 

A sketch of the Rev. De Forrest Safford, who was pastor 
from 1881 to 1884 is available. He was born in Royalton, March 
17, 1840, graduated at Watertown, Mass., high school and at- 
tended Harvard College two years, when he enlisted in the 
Union army. After the war he taught for some years, grad- 
uated at Newton Theological Seminary and was ordained at 
Kenosha, Wis. His death occurred at Petersboro, N. H., where 
he was pastor, in Aug., 1914. He is spoken of as a great student, 
an educated and dignified man with a large circle of acquaintances. 
He is survived by his second wife, three daughters and four sons. 



Chapter H. 

FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH OF JERICHO, LO- 
CATED AT JERICHO CENTER. 

Organized March 31, 179L 

The centennial celebration of the founding of this church 
was held June 17, 1891. A committee to have the general direc- 
tion of preparations had been elected the preceding November, 
Deacon Isaac C. Stone being chairman. The other members 
were Rev. Leonard B. Tenney, pastor ; Deacon M. Hoyt Chapin, 
Mr. and Mrs. George M. Stiles, Mrs. Frank H. Cilley, Mrs. 
Eugene B. Jordan. This committee labored assiduously to make 
the anniversary a success. On the day designated three sessions 
were held filled to repletion with good things. Dinner was served 



180 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

in the basement of the church to four hundred persons, and sup- 
per to about half that number. A valuable pamphlet was after- 
ward published containing the addresses delivered, and to this we 
must refer readers for a complete record of the proceedings of the 
day. We transfer to our pages the paper upon "Church Edifices" 
by Hon. Edgar H. Lane of Buriington, and the "Historical Dis- 
course" by Rev. Austin Hazen of Richmond, both being es- 
sential in order to cover the subject. 

CHURCH EDIFICES. 
By Edgar H. Lane. 

In discharging the duty assigned me by your committee in this 
Centennial Anniversary, of giving a description of the church edi- 
fices or places of worship here for the past century, I have thought 
it might be of interest to go back to the organization of the town, 
and give a brief account of the places where public worship was 
held before the building of the first meeting house, as it was al- 
ways called. 

The providing of places for holding public worship until about 
1800 and the building of the first meeting house was done by the 
town, in town meeting. I cannot better give you an account of 
the actions and doings upon the subject, or bring before you those 
sturdy, resolute pioneers of a century or more ago, in their efforts 
to establish public worship and to build a temple for the worship 
of God in their new wilderness home, than by copying, verbatim, 
the language of the records made at the time. 

At a town meeting held April 14, 1789, it was "voted to 
hold meetings of public worship at the usual places viz. : at Dea. 
Roods and Capt. Bartletts." This is the first public action of the 
town recorded, of voting a place where meetings should be held, 
although at a town meeting held November 29, 1786, the year of 
the organization of the town, it was "Voted to appoint a com- 
mittee for the purpose of providing preaching the ensuing year." 

At a legal town meeting held July 10, 1790, it was "Voted 
that two-thirds of the time we meet at William Smith's and one- 
third of the time at Capt. J. Russell's." 

"April 4, 1791, Voted to meet for public worship on the 
Sabbath at Wm. Smith's barn for the future." 




The Pibst Congeegational Church, Jericho Center. 
Interior View. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 181 

"Nov. 14, 1791, Voted to meet for public worship at Elon 
Lee's the ensuing winter." 

April 16, 1792, "Voted that we meet for public worship at 
Lewis Chapin's bam the ensuing summer." 

At the annual town meeting held March 4, 1793, "Voted to 
meet for public worship at Elon Lee's in cold weather, and Wm. 
Smith's bam in warm weather for one year from this date." 

October 2, 1794, "Voted to meet for public worship at the 
school house at the river one-half of the time, the other half at 
the school house by Wm. Bartlett's the winter coming." 

Nov. 18, 1795, "Voted to meet for public worship at the 
dwelling house" — (here the record omits the name.) 

Oct. 2, 1794, a town meeting was called for the purpose of 
providing for the building of a meeting house, at which it was : 

1st. "Voted to build a meeting house." 

2nd. Voted that every man write his place for a meeting 
house and put it into a hat — Tryed — counted — twenty, by the 
burying place, eighteen, the flat between Lewis Chapin's and Wm. 
Rood's, one, between Azariah Lee's and Wm. Rood's. 

"Chose a committee of five to set a stake for a meeting house, 
viz.: Noah Chittenden, John Lyman, Dudley Stone, Jedediah 
Lane, Thos. Bentley." 

This meeting was then adjourned to Dec. 10, 1794, at which 
time "the town's committee reported that they had agreed on a 
place on Capt. Bartlett's lot to build a meeting house, Tryed, no 
vote, then the flat proposed, Tryed, no vote — ^the burying place 
proposed, Tryed, no vote, place by Azariah Lee's Tryed, no vote." 

It was then "Voted to choose a committee and they to be 
appointed by the County Court to set a meeting house stake. 
Amos Brownson of Williston, Samuel Bradley of Essex, Phineas 
Loomis of Burlington said committee." 

At an adjourned meeting held Jan. 27, 1795, it was 

"Voted to choose three men as heads of classes to provide 
materials for building. Benj. Bartlett, Roderick Messenger and 
Jedediah Lane were chosen." 

These classes, as they were termed, were a division of the men 
of the town into three companies or bodies, each to be directed 
in their labors by their respective heads. 

13 



182 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

In providing the materials for this first meeting house, to 
which this refers, the men of the town went into the forest which 
was all around them and cut the trees, hewing such as were suit- 
able for the frame and getting to the saw-mill such as were to be 
used for finishing; and this division into classes, as they were 
called, was for more efficient and organized work. 

It is commonly understood that the place selected by the 
committee appointed by the County Court for the location of the 
meeting house was the center of the common or green, and so it 
proved to be; but the meeting house stake set by that committee 
located the common, around which this little village is built, for 
in town meeting June 3, 1795, it was "Voted that the town pro- 
"cure four acres of land for a green around the meeting house 
"stake. Chose Noah Chittenden, Benj. Bartlett and Thos. D. 
"Rood a committee to lay out the land for a meeting house green. 

"Voted that the three heads of classes see to chopping and 
"clearing off the land for the public green the present summer, 
"equally one-third each." 

The fact that there was no common or green until after the 
setting of that stake explains the difference of opinion as to the 
location of the meeting house, as shown by the records which I 
have read. In town meeting November 18, 1795 — 

"Voted to build a meeting house by selling the pews at pub- 
"lic vendue at the next adjourned town meeting. 

"Voted to build 50 X 54 feet. 

"Voted to choose a committee to number the pews and to 
sell the same at public vendue." 

This meeting adjourned to December 9, 1795, when it was, 
in the language of the records, 

"Voted to sell the pews, first bid, to be first pick, and so 
"on and to pick every one his bid on the plan now on the spot. 

"Chose Noah Chittenden, Esq., Superintendent to take care 
"of and oversee the building of the meeting house." 

Forty-three pews were then bid off, the first and highest bid 
being by Noah Chittenden, Esq., for £61, the last and lowest bid 
being for £5, amounting in all to £941, or (I suppose) about 
$4,000 — a large sum at that early day; nor was this the whole 
cost of the house. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 183 

The record further says it was "Voted that the Rev. Eben- 
"ezer Kingsbury have liberty to choose a pew for his family. 
"He came forward and chose the pew by the pulpit stairs and 
"proposed to give toward the building of the meeting house £45 
"to be paid out of his salary." 

I have not been able to find a record of the exact time when 
this first meeting house was built and completed, but suppose it 
must have been done in the years 1796 and 1797, as this sale of 
the pews from a plan of the house and before it was built, was 
made December 9, 1795, and it is recorded that the annual town 
meeting held March 8, 1798, was adjourned to the 20th of the 
same March to meet at 2 o'clock P. M. at the meeting house. 
Still it may not have been completed until a year or so later, as 
a town record made October 30, 1800, reads 

"Opened a meeting of the proprietors of the meeting house. 
"Voted to sell the gallery pews. Voted to adjourn to the 25th 
"of Dec. next" — closing with an entry made by the then Town 
Clerk, Thos. D. Rood, as follows: "the remainder of the pro- 
"ceedings of the proprietors of the meeting house will be found 
"recorded in their clerk's office." 

This book of proprietors' records I have not been able to find 
and never saw. Neither have I been able to learn that this meet- 
ing house was ever formally dedicated, as is the modern practice, 
and presume it never was, as it was always used both for church 
and town house, as long as it stood. 

This first meeting house was built, both frame and finish, of 
the choicest pine. The frame timbers were very large and nu- 
merous, and the raising of it was a great event. Most of the 
people of the town were there, and many from adjoining towns ; 
three days were spent in the raising. There was an additional 
interest and curiosity, aside from that in the building. There 
were many who did not believe that a building, framed, much of 
it, in the woods where it grew, the parts of which had never been 
tried together, could ever be raised, as this was the first or among 
the first frames, laid out and framed by the square or mathemat- 
ical rules now in use — ^the framing and building up to about that 
time having been done by the old "cut and try," or scribe rule, 
as it was called. But it was successfully raised, only one small 
mistake being made. 



184 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

The framing was kid out by John Messenger, a son of Rod- 
erick Messenger, — ^the work of the building being under the 
direction of Capt. Abram Stevens of Essex. 

This meeting house was built with a square or four-sided 
roof, coming to a point in the center, without steeple or spire of 
any kind. There were two rows of windows, one above the other. 
The pews were square, with seats on the four sides except the 
pew door, or entrance, so that the occupants sat facing each other, 
forming a hollow square. The sides of the pews were high, but 
below the top moulding and rail was a row of turned spindles 
about 6 to 8 inches long; except for the open work framed by 
these spindles the children, unless pretty well grown, were out of 
sight when seated in them. 

There was a row of these pews around the entire house next 
the wall, except the space for a wide door in the middle and for 
the gallery stairs in each corner of the south end, and a space for 
the pulpit opposite the door, in the north end. The door opened 
directly into the audience room, there being no vestibule or porch. 
There was a wide center aisle running from the door to the pul- 
pit, and two side aisles turning to the right and left from the 
front entrance, running around inside and next to the wall pews 
and meeting at the center aisle in front of the pulpit, and a double 
row of pews between the center aisle and the side aisles. 

There was a wide gallery on three sides with a seat in front 
on the two sides, and two seats across the south end opposite the 
pulpit; and between the aisle, back of these seats, and the wall 
on the three sides, was a row of pews like those below. 

The pulpit was in the shape of a mortar, round, or nearly so 
in front, set up on a post, the bottom as high or higher than the 
tops of the pews, with not much spare room except for the min- 
ister. Suspended directly over the pulpit, by a small iron rod, 
was a sounding board, as it was called, made of thin boards, hol- 
low, like a huge bass viol, but round or nearly so, some four or 
five feet in diameter, the thickness in the center being about one- 
half the diameter, the top and bottom being oval : this was sup- 
posed by some principle or law of acoustics to aid in making the 
voice of the speaker audible at a greater distance. 

This meeting house was never painted outside or inside ; had 
no chimney, or any provisions for warming. Almost every fam- 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 185 

ily carried one or more small foot-stoves, which I presume all 
present have seen, getting the coals for warming them from the 
surrounding houses. I fancy in these modern times it would tax 
a Talmage to draw a congregation, and hold them through two 
services, to a church without furnace or fire — especially on some 
of our coldest winter days. 

After stoves came into use one was put into the center aisle, 
the pipe going out through the roof. The difference in the tem- 
perature which this stove made was largely one of imagination. 

An important personage in those days was the tithingman. 
A tithingman, as Webster defines it, is "A parish officer annually 
elected to preserve good order in the church during divine ser- 
vice, and to make complaint of any disorderly conduct, and en- 
force the observance of the Sabbath." They were elected by the 
town at their annual meeting, and in these early days discharged 
their duties most faithfully. The principal field of their labors 
during divine service was in those high backed pews in the gal- 
lery, where the youngsters, who were allowed to sit there, could 
hide out of sight. This officer, varying in number from one to 
four, continued to be elected until 1840, when the office was 
abolished. 

The last public action of the town that had any reference to 
this first church building was at a town meetiHg held Jan. 27, 1836, 
from the records of which I copy as follows : 

"Whereas the proprietors of the building heretofore denomin- 
"ated the old meeting house in Jericho have sold or transferred 
"their interest in the same and the said house is about being 
"taken down whereby the said town will be deprived of the usual 
"place of holding town and freemen's meetings, Therefore Re- 
"solved, &c." The old meeting house was taken down the May 
following — May, 1836. 

The result of this town meeting was that at a meeting held 
September 5, 1837, the town completed arrangements with the 
proprietors of the new meeting house, whereby they secured the 
right to occupy the basement room of the same for all political 
meetings by the payment of two hundred dollars, and which they 
have occupied ever since. 

After the Academy was built, about 1825, the lower floor of 
which was finished for meetings and public worship, the Baptists 



186 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

having the first right to the use and occupancy of it, this Society 
having the second right, so that, from that time until a very re- 
cent period, this Society used it, more or less, as a vestry room 
for weekly and evening meetings, and also for services on the 
Sabbath for the few months between the taking down of the old 
meeting house, and the completion of the new one. This was 
always known and designated as the Conference room. 

The first action towards providing for the building of the 
new or second meeting house was at a meeting of citizens called 
and held at the Conference room November 7, 1833, at which 
meeting preliminary steps were taken to form an association for 
that purpose, appoint a committee to draft a constitution, draw 
a plan, estimate the expense, &c. The committee appointed 
were David T. Stone, Nathaniel Blackman, Hosea Spaulding, 
Anson Field, Lemuel Blackman and Thomas D. Rood. This 
meeting was adjourned to November 28, 1833, at which time the 
following plan, substantially, was adopted, viz.: that shares of 
$25 each be subscribed for ; that said house shall be built of brick, 
and shall be for the use of the First Congregational Society of 
Jericho, and shall not be applied to any other purpose or use ex- 
cept by the votes of two-thirds of all the proprietors, each share 
of $25 having one vote, which mode of voting shall obtain in all 
transactions relating to said house. Also, that, when the house 
was finished, the whole cost should be apportioned upon the sev- 
eral slips or pews by a disinterested committee, and sold at public 
auction ; no bid on any slip or pew to be received under the ap- 
praisal of the same; each subscriber being obliged to take the 
amount of his stock in slips or pews. 

The whole business of erecting and finishing said house to be 
managed by a Superintending Committee of three persons ap- 
pointed by the subscribers to the stock. Said committee not to 
proceed to act until $2,500 stock shall have been sold. Dr. Jamin 
Hamilton, Nathaniel Blackman and Hosea Spaulding were 
elect.ed building committee. 

The year 1834 was spent in procuring subscriptions for stock, 
deciding upon a location, making the brick, and generally getting 
ready. The building was erected in 1835, and finished in 1836. 
The whole cost of the house was $4,017.75, which was appor- 
tioned upon the slips by Wm. Rhodes of Richmond and Horace 



HISTORY OP JBRICHOv VERMONT. 187 

L. N'jchols of Burlington, and they were sold October 6, 1836. 

The house was finished at that time except painting inside. 
I copy the following from the church records, viz.: "January 
"25, 1837, at 10 o'clock A. M. the brick meeting house was ded- 
"icated to Almighty God for his worship. Sermon by Rev. Pres. 
"Wheeler of Vt. University." Signed E. W. Kellogg, Pastor. 

The mason work on this church building was done by 
Reuben Rockwood, he making the brick for the same in the old 
brick yard below the now residence of George C. Bicknell. 

The wood work, both framing and finish, was done by Jona- 
than Goodhue. The whole of the inside wood work was finished 
in panel and moulding, and all, as well as the sash and doors, 
were made by hand out of seasoned boards in the rough, — ^the 
planing, even, being done by hand. In these days, when almost 
everything is done by machinery, this would seem a formidable 
undertaking. 

The change of this second meeting house to the present one 
is of so recent date that I presume the construction is generally 
remembered; but for preservation, a brief description, on this 
Centennial occasion, may- not be amiss, especially of that part 
which has been removed or changed. It was built of brick, 
44x64 feet outside, with solid walls 18 inches thick to the gal- 
leries and 12 inches above, thus forming a shoulder on which one 
end of the gallery timbers was laid. There was no inside frame 
or lath, the side walls being plastered on the brick. The chim- 
ney was built inside the rear wall. There were two rows of 
square windows, and a modest steeple for a bell; the bell was 
purchased with funds raised by subscription about the time of 
the completion of the church, the cost of it not being included 
in the sum apportioned on the slips, and was, I think, the first 
church bell in town. There were two front doors opening into 
a lobby ; at the corners of this lobby, to the right and left of the 
doors, were the stairs leading to the gallery. From the lobby 
were two doors nearly opposite the front ones, opening into the 
audience room; between these was the pulpit. From each of 
the doors an aisle ran straight to the rear wall. The seats were 
slips or long seats, such as are now in general use, of which there 
were sixty-two— three in each corner at the right and left of the 
pulpit set parallel with the aisles; a row of fourteen each set 



188 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

between the aisles and the side walls, running back to the rear 
wall, and facing the pulpit, and a double row of fourteen each 
between the aisles. There was a gallery on the two sides and 
the end opposite the pulpit, with a double row of seats around it. 

The provision for warming was, at first, two large stoves 
set in the front end of the basement, enclosed in brick — a sort 
of hot air furnace — ^the best known in those days, but which 
proved a failure. Afterwards two stoves were placed above in 
the aisles near the entrance doors, but they never proved a suc- 
cess in warming the house. 

In the month of April, 1877, the pew owners and members 
of this church and Society held a meeting at which it was de- 
cided to repair the brick meeting house, and the result was 
the appointing of Edgar H. Lane, Edwin W. Humphrey, and 
Martin V. Willard a committee to superintend and direct such 
repairs. A subscription was circulated to raise funds. By a 
provision of the Statute the slips, of all non-resident owners, and 
of resident owners who did not favor or consent to the re- 
pairs, were appraised May 29, 1877, by Andrew Warner, Stephen 
Dow and Gordon Smith, a committee selected for that pur- 
pose, and the very few who did not relinquish their claim to 
or pay for the repairs on their seats were paid the appraisal. 

The repairing was done between June, 1877, and February 
20, 1878, at a cost of $4,900. The rededication of it was Feb- 
ruary 20, 1878; sermon by Rev. George B. Safford, then pastor 
of the College Street Church in Burlington, from Psalm 73, v. 
25. 

In making the repairs the entire wood work, including 
the doors, windows and window frames, between the timbers 
overhead and the timbers under the floor, was taken out, and 
the belfry, as it was called, and shingles from the roof. Noth- 
ing of the old church remained but the lower floor timbers, the 
overhead timbers and roof and the side walls, which were con- 
siderably torn out and filled in, in changing the style of the 
windows. 

After the discussions and differences of opinions as to how 
and what should be built within the old walls left standing, 
usual in such cases, a condition of things, as we find in pur- 
suing this history that cannot be claimed as a modern discovery, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 189 

the result of the repairs, or rather rebuilding, is before you. 
The further description of it I leave for the person who shall 
write upon Church Edifices here in 1991. 

And now as we bring before us the beautiful, convenient 
and comfortable church edifices of today all over the land, and 
in imagination place them beside those of a century ago, I 
fancy the thought and feeling first and uppermost in the minds 
of all present is the same — not one of pride or boasting or 
superiority, but of deep, devout and sincere gratitude and thank- 
fulness to and veneration for those early pioneers, our ancestors, 
who, among their first acts, amid all their privations established 
the public worship of God, which made possible the churches of 
today. 

As we look around and see on every hand, not alone that 
refined taste that leads us to make beautiful the places of our 
worship, but the numerous Christian Associations that throw 
around the young, wherever they are, the restraint and protec- 
tion of the Christian home, — ^the Sabbath School, a branch of 
worship training and fitting the young for more intelligent Chris- 
tian manhood and womanhood — the many and various organized 
charitable efforts to reach, help, lift up and save all of every 
grade and condition who need help, inspired by that unselfish 
love taught by Him who gave Himself for us — all these, and 
more, the growth and fruit of that early planting of the pub- 
lic worship — (and, for want of a better place, in some convenient 
house or barn) — of Him who was born in a manger, our emo- 
tions find fitting utterance in that doxology, more than two 
centuries old — 

"Praise God, from whom all blessings flow, 

Praise Him, all creatures here below. 

Praise Him above, ye heavenly host. 

Praise Father, Son, and Holy Ghost." 

HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 
By Rev. Austin Hazen, of Richmond. 

Deut. 32 :7. Remember the days of old, consider the years 
of many generations; ask thy father, and he will shew thee; 
thy elders, and they will tell thee. 



190 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

We have come from our widely scattered homes today to 
obey this passage of Holy Scripture. As when the weary 
traveler gains the height of some o'erlooking hill, he turns back 
and sees all the way he has trod in climbing, so we stand today 
on an eminence, and look over the way this church has traveled 
for one hundred years. We remember the days of old, when 
it began its struggles 'in the wilderness. We consider the years 
of many generations, and mark its labors, its trials, its growth, 
its revivals. We ask the fathers, and they will shew us by what 
steps it advanced. We ask our elders, and they shall tell us 
how the vine of God's planting has been blessed with His care; 
what laborers the church has had, what sons and daughters 
she has trained for service here, or elsewhere — the records of 
the fathers, the teaching of the elders, will be found both in- 
teresting and instructive. Such a history is full of valuable 
lessons. 

The Town of Jericho was chartered in 1763; in 1774 three 
families settled within its limits — two on Winooski river, and 
one on Brown's river. The early settlements were broken up 
by the Indians, and the Revolutionary war. In 1783 they began 
again, and increased rapidly. The first Christian man to settle 
in town was Dea. Azariah Rood. He bought a large tract of 
land on the western line of the town, and moved his family 
here from Lanesboro, Mass. With others, he had great trials 
during the war ; was driven of? by Indians, and lost his property. 
He was at the battle of Bennington as a helper, not a soldier, 
and was taken captive. After the war, in 1783, he came back 
to Jericho, and began life again on the frontier. 

He was chosen first selectman at the first town meeting 
in 1786. In November of the same year he and Esq. Farns- 
worth were chosen a committee for the purpose of providing 
preaching for the ensuing season. March 20th, 1788, the town 
chose Dea. A. Rood and Esq. James Farnsworth a committee to 
hire a candidate, and voted to raise money to pay a candidate 
for preaching two months. 

We are not told whether they succeeded, but September 
28th, 1789, "a town tax was granted to pay Rev. Mr. Parmelee 
for preaching the past season, £6 5s. 10 pence." This was Rev- 
erend Reuben Parmelee, a graduate of Yale, afterward first 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 191 

pastor of the Congregational church in Hinesburgh; probably 
he would have settled here if the people had been ready. The 
first religious service I find record of was at the house of Mr. 
Lewis Chapin, 2Sth of May, 1789, a log house near the corner 
of the cemetery. "At a lecture preached by Rev. Nathan Per- 
kins of Hartford, Conn., were baptized by him Delana and 
Christiana, daughters of Capt. Benjamin Bartlett, and Hitty, 
daughter of Lewis Chapin." Mr. Perkins labored in many 
places in the State as a missionary from the Connecticut Mis- 
sionary Society, and five days before this had assisted in form- 
ing the church in Hinesburgh. It may be he hoped to form 
one here also, but did not find the people prepared. 

March 15th, 1790, the town chose Dea. Rood, Noah Chit- 
tenden and Lewis Chapin a committee to hire a candidate to 
preach on probation, for settlement. They procured in a short 
time Ebenezer Kingsbury, who preached most of the season. 

September 7th, 1790, the inhabitants of the town voted to 
give him a call to settle in the work of the ministry, and voted 
two hundred pounds lawful money settlement, including the first 
minister's right of land, and thirty-five . pounds lawful money 
salary for the first year, and to rise with the list until it amounted 
to eighty pounds, which was to be the stated salary. March 
31st, 1791, the church was formed by Rev. Reuben Parmelee, 
of Hinesburgh ; the members were Azariah Rood, Lewis Chapin, 
Dudley Stone, Reuben Lee, Lydia Rood, Lucy Lee, Esther 
Chapin, Rachel Stone, Phebe Lee. Where it was formed is 
not now known. Vermont was on the 4th of that very month 
admitted to tha Union. Thomas Chittenden was Governor, 
George Washington was President. 

The church in Hinesburgh, formed nearly two years be- 
fore, was the only one in all northern Vermont, of any kind. 
There were then over forty Congregational churches in the State, 
and about thirty-five Baptist churches, mostly confined to the 
southern counties. There was no Methodist church or class in 
the Vermont Conference until five years later, at Vershire, one 
was organized. In what is now comprised in the eight northern 
counties there was then no church of any denomination except 
the solitary one in Hinesburgh, and that had no meeting house 
till many years after this. 



192" HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

June 22d, 1791, the church voted to give Mr. Ebenezer 
Kingsbury a call to settle with us in the gospel ministry. The 
Council met and ordained him the same day. It was composed 
of Rev. David ColUns of Lanesboro, Mass., whence Dea. Rood 
and others had come, Rev. John Barnet of Middlebury, Rev. 
Reuben Parmelee of Hinesburgh, Rev. Chauncey Lee of Sunder- 
land, and lay delegates. Mr. Lee preached the sermon, Mr. 
Collins made the consecrating prayer and gave the charge. No 
record shows where this ordination took place, but I have been 
told it was in Mr. Messenger's barn, on Winooski river, near 
where Hosea Wright now lives. November 14th, 1791, the town 
"Voted that Mr. Messenger be allowed three pounds lawful 
money for providing for the Ordaining Council last June." 

There were at this time 381 people in town ; other towns had 
none. Two years later Congress estabHshed nine post ofifices in 
Vermont, one of which was at Burlington. It was no small ef- 
fort for a new town, thus isolated and thinly settled, to settle 
and support a pastor. April 16th, 1792, the town voted to 
jneet in Lewis Chapin's barn for worship. March 4th, 1793, 
voted to meet for public worship at Elon Lee's in cold weather, 
and in William Smith's barn in warm weather, for one year 
from this date. Elon Lee's was where Oliver Brown now lives, 
and William Smith's barn was one now owned by Gordon Smith, 
and not long ago repaired by him. October 2d, 1794, in town 
meeting voted to build a meeting house. They could not agree 
where to set it until they chose a committee, who were to be 
legalized by the County Court, who set the stake, and it was 
agreed to ; got a plan of the house, and sold the pews at vendue 
9th December, 1795. It was a large, square structure, of choice 
pine lumber, placed in the center of a common of four acres. 
It was one of the first public buildings in all the region; in it 
large congregations worshipped for forty years. It was cold; 
for a long time it had no fires in it; when it was proposed to 
put in stoves one woman opposing said, "If their hearts were only 
right their bodies would be warm enough." Dea. Rood was the 
first deacon. 

September 11th, 1801, Thomas Rood, son of Azariah, and 
Reuben Lee were chosen deacons. May 17th, 1808, Mr. Kings^ 
bury was dismissed for want of proper support. He was born in 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 193 

North Coventry, Conn. ; graduated at Yale in 1783. He was a 
man of influence among the ministers of the State in those early 
days. He was chosen by the General Convention in 1805 to 
preach the annual sermon at the Commencement of Middlebury 
College. He built the house where G. C. Bicknell now lives, on 
land given by Mr. Chapin; his lot from the town was on the 
opposite side of the road, extending to the road east. 

The church grew to over fifty members during his ministry — 
the longest, with one exception, it has ever had. His wife Mary, 
died in 1792, and was buried here. His second wife, Hannah, 
was very useful in the parish. August 4th, 1810, he was installed 
over a Congregational Church in Harford, Penn., and dismissed 
September 19th, 1827. He died there March 22d, 1842, at a 
good old age. 

The first Society for the support of preaching was formed in 
October, 1808. December 20th they met at Moses Billings' Inn, 
and "Voted to give Mr. Denison a- call, and for his encourage- 
ment to give him annually $400, to be annually paid by January 
1st in good merchantable grain, pork, or beef cattle, to be fully 
paid on or before the first of March, or delinquents to be holden 
to pay money without further delay." 

February 9th, 1809, the church voted to give Mr. John 
Denison a call to settle with us and take the pastoral charge of 
the church; he was ordained March 1st; the Council met at the 
house of Lewis Chapin ; Rev. Lemuel Haynes, the colored pastor 
of West Rutland, was Moderator, and offered the consecrating 
prayer; Rev. Holland Weeks preached; Rev. Simeon Parmelee, 
ordained at Westford the year before, gave the right hand of 
fellowship. It being not always easy to raise the full salary they 
voted at one time "to accept Mr. Denison's proposal to mission- 
ate thirteen weeks and deduct fifty dollars from his salary." 

Mr. Denison was a young man of fine talents and earnest 
piety, and the church grew during his short ministry; there was 
a wonderful work of grace in the time. He died March 28th, 
1812, of consumption: his grave is in the cemetery here — the 
only pastor who has died in town. He was born in Lyme, Conn., 
May 3d, 1793; studied theology with Rev. Holland Weeks of 
Pittsford. He left one son ; Rev. John H. Denison of Williams- 



194 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

town, Mass., is a grandson. Mrs. Denison afterward married 
Rev. E. H. Dorman of Swanton. 

May 6th, 1812, Lewis Chapin was chosen church clerk : Mr. 
Kingsbury kept the records while he was here. 

July 5th, 1814, a Council again met at the house of Lewis 
Chapin, and after due examination Rev. Joseph Labaree was or- 
dained pastor ; Rev. Thomas A. Merrill of Middlebury preached, 
and Father Lyon, the sage of Grand Isle, gave the charge. It 
was sometimes hard to raise the salary, and at one time they 
voted "that if there are not $400 annually raised for Mr. Larabee, 
he have leave to missionate a part of the time each year, not to 
exceed eight weeks in one year." They also organized a Society 
for his support "to be governed by the majority in all meetings, 
except in this particular, if one-fourth shall choose that Mr. L. 
be dismissed, and risk getting another minister, the majority 
agree to comply." 

October 7th, 1818, a council met to consider the matter, and 
voted that the pastoral relation ought not to be dissolved. They 
gave three months to raise his support, and adjourned. "At the 
end of that time no adequate provision being made, and it being 
impossible that a minister should abide with a people, and be 
useful unsupported," they advised his dismission. 

They say, "We are distressed to leave this people in such a 
state of melancholy bereavement ; we hope our fears will be dis- 
appointed, and their sorrow may be turned into joy." Mr. La- 
baree was born in Charlestown, N. H., June Uth, 1783, grad- 
uated at Middlebury 1811. He was a cousin of President Ben- 
jamin Labaree ; his wife was Huldah, sister of Daniel and John 
Lyman. He died in Ohio October 18th, 1852. 

August 9th, 1819, the Society gave Rev. L. P. Blodgett a 
call, and voted $500 for his support, to be paid in neat cattle in 
October, or in good merchantable grain in January following. 
September 19th he was installed. The first three pastors began 
their work here; but Mr. Blodgett came after a successful pas- 
torate of a dozen years at Rochester. The church grew largely 
during his ministry, but all did not go smoothly in the parish. 
In 1824 they debated whether to meet for worship part of the 
time at the Corners. This made trouble; and division. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 195 

March 29th, 1826, a council was called to consider matters, 
and advise the church. They appointed a committee to confer, 
and see whether measures could be adopted to heal their difficul- 
ties. "We do hope that all parties concerned will, if possible, 
lay aside all unprofitable reflections on what is past, and come 
into measures and so terminate this long agitated and distressful 
transaction." The Council adjourned to May 9th, when it came 
together, and, finding the two Societies could not agree, dismissed 
Mr. Blodgett. He then was pastor at the Corners. 

Luther Palmer Blodgett was born in Cornwall, March 19th, 
1783 ; graduated at Middlebury in 1805 ; was ordained at Roches- 
ter, Vermont, April 24th, 1807, Rev. Lemuel Haynes preaching 
the sermon. After leaving Jericho he preached in several places 
in New York; he died January 26th, 1862. His wife was Mary 
Jefferson, daughter of Joseph Jefferson, a cousin of Thomas 
Jefferson, and his secretary when Minister to France — one of the 
party famous by throwing the tea into Boston harbor. 

June 16th, 1826, the brethren and sisters living near the 
Corners requested letters of their regular standing in this church 
to form a church at the Corners. The church objected, for sev- 
eral reasons; some of them were "Because we need them, and 
they are not needed there"; "because they can be better accom- 
modated with Christian privileges in this church than in the one 
to which they wish to be dismissed : there they cannot have preach- 
ing more than half the time"; "some are nearer this church 
than the Corners : they must go much out of the way or remain at 
home, or worship with us half the time; we cannot think that 
these brethren ought to divest themselves of one-half of their 
Christian privileges"; "their reasons are insufficient; and some of 
them manifest improper feelings towards this church." 

A large Council was at length called, for advice. After con- 
sideration, they said, "A visit from the Holy Comforter would 
soon remove those mountains which seem to arise in your path, 
and banish the clouds which hang over you. It would melt your 
hearts into one mind and lead you to the same course. Then let 
your prayer be unceasing, and give God no rest until He come 
and establish you and build you up." The church at the Corners 
was finally formed that year, and the brick meeting house built 



196 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

there, in which the Second Church and the Baptist worshipped 
until 1858. 

September 2d, 1882, Lewis Chapin, Jr., was chosen church 
clerk. July 10th, 1828, Rev. Hervey Smith was installed pastor. 
He was one of the best of men, a faithful and judicious minister. 
There are a few persons living who united with the church while 
he was pastor. His ministry was prosperous, but they could not 
raise the salary, and he was dismissed October 22d, 1833. He 
was born in Granby, Massachusetts, January 6th, 1794, ordained 
in Weybridge in 1825. He died in Sacketts Harbor, New York, 
in 1850. 

In 1834 John Lyman, Jr., was chosen church clerk ; he kept 
the records for about forty years. He led the singing for twenty- 
five years ; was absent in the time only two half days, from sick- 
ness in his family. 

In 1834 fifteen members asked "leave to withdraw, and 
organize into a church according to the gospel." The church 
declined to give these letters, and were justified in it by vote of 
the Council, as the following extract from the records will show. 
"The Council have no confidence in the soundness of the prin- 
ciples, or the purity of the motives of those whom the petitioners 
wish to follow as leaders. They do not come to the church in 
any authorized character; they do not come to the church as a 
friend comes to reform a friend, but rather to pluck up and de- 
stroy. Their professed object is the diffusion of peace, but it is 
seen that everywhere the result of their efforts is dissension. 
They strangely propose to promote the union of different denom- 
inations of Christians by adding yet another party with a silenced, 
deposed and excommunicated man at their head. Their whole 
scheme, in the view of the Council, is unscriptural, chimerical, 
subversive of all gospel order, and fraught with innumerable 
evils." 

The members withdrew and formed the Union Church, 
without any creed except the Bible. It did not prosper. The 
church labored with these brethren over two years; sent letters 
of admonition; suspended them; and finally voted their excom- 
munication because they "departed from the faith and order of 
this church, and united with a church not in fellowship with 
this." Most of them afterwards came back, confessing that they 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 197 

had done wrong in forming the Union Church, and in having 
unkind feelings toward their brethren. The leader of this re- 
markable movement was Rev. John Truair. He was ordained 
pastor of the church in Cambridge November 21st, 1810, and 
dismissed in 1813. He then settled over a Presbyterian Church in 
Sherburne, New York. He went to New York city and labored 
among seamen, and edited a paper. While there he was deposed 
from the ministry by Presbytery. He preached in Hampshire 
County, Massachusetts, and in Cambridge, Jericho, and other 
towns, "known as the head of a new sect who style themselves 
the Union Church." Some churches were "greatly convulsed 
and divided by the efforts of John Truair and his followers." He 
is described as a large, powerful man, a good singer, and impres- 
sive speaker. Many followers were devotedly attached to him, 
and enthusiastic in his praise. He was bitter toward existing 
churches and tried to draw people from them, and was regarded 
by many as an enemy of good order and a herald of divisions. 
One now venerable brother who worked with him says, "He told 
me I should go to ruin if I didn't come out of the church and 
join his; I told him I would run the risk." The passing years 
have witnessed more growth and usefulness in the brother who 
stayed in the church than in those who left it. 

Between 1830 and 1840 the church numbered over two hun- 
dred members. January 25th, 1837, Rev. Elias Wells Kellogg 
was installed pastor; he had preached some months previous. 
The new brick meeting house, begun in 1835, was dedicated the 
same day. President Wheeler, of Burlington, preached the ser- 
mon. The year its foundations were laid two men were born 
who were to preach in it half of its first half century. Mr. Kel- 
logg was dismissed July 7th, 1840. He afterward preached in 
Highgate. He died at Ringwood, Illinois. 

Rev. Samuel Kingsbury, a teacher in the Academy, preached 
for a while in 1840 and in 1841. Rev. Zenas Bliss preached about 
two years. He was a man of more than usual depth and origin- 
ality, of fine character, and profound scholarship; perhaps his 
preaching was sometimes above the mass of the people. When 
he preached six sermons upon one text the thoughtful feasted — 
the many thought he was too deep. 

14 



198 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Zenas Bliss was bom in Randolph, November 24th, 1808; 
his mother was a woman of marked character and metaphysical 
mind. We need not wonder to find the son a man of uncommon 
powers. He graduated at the University of Vermont in 1831; 
studied two years at Andover ; was ordained at Sheridan, N. Y., 
October 28th, 1835 ; preached two years at Quechee ; after leav- 
ing Jericho, one year at Winooski. In 1844 he went to Alabama 
and taught four years. In 1848 he went to Richmond and preach- 
ed six years. The church and parsonage there were built through 
his efforts. He died at Amherst, Mass., December 9th, 1865. 
Rev. J. Henry Bliss of New Hampshire is his son; a daughter 
is teacher in the Huguenot Seminary in South Africa. 

Simeon BickneU, another teacher in the Academy, was the 
next preacher for a year. 

In 1844 the church called Mr. Francis Brown Wheeler; he 
was ordained pastor January 23d, 1845; Rev. O. S. Hoyt of 
Hinesburgh preached the sermon ; Rev. Simeon Parmelee, father 
of Mrs. Wheeler, gave the charge. 

September 18th, 1846, Albert Lee and Ezra Elliot were 
chosen deacons. Mr. Elliot was excused at his request, but was 
twice chosen afterward, and in 1856 he accepted. Deacon Lee 
died in 1863, much lamented ; he was a man of talent and piety, 
and for some years superintendent of the Sunday School. Dea. 
Elliot was also a faithful and beloved officer of the church until 
his death in 1880, and left a legacy for the support of preaching. 

March 31st, 1849, the church celebrated its fifty-eighth an- 
niversary. A large choir rendered much of the ancient music 
"in a manner that elicited universal admiration." An address 
was delivered by Rev. George W. Ranslow, and a sermon by Rev. 
Simeon Parmelee. "With joy we recounted the mercies of God 
to us and our fathers ; with gratitude we inscribed on our hearts 
'Hitherto hath the Lord helped us'; with confidence in God we 
looked into the future, feeling that the same goodness which had 
been extended to us, and to those who had preceded us, would not 
be wanting to our children in coming time, if they made the God 
of their fathers their God. The church is God's, and He will 
care for it. We commend its interests to His gracious care. 
Leave not this people, neither forsake them, O God of our sal- 
vation." The record of the proceedings asks "When the year 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 199 

1891 shall come, if this church is in existence will not its mem- 
bers celebrate the one hundredth anniversary, and set up another 
Ebenezer ?" 

The young pastor won the hearts of the people, and they 
were reluctant to give him up, but he was dismissed January 2d, 
1850. The Council gave the people some wholesome advice upon 
liberal giving, and the support of the ministry, "in order to pre- 
vent a like sad separation in the future." They said "The salary 
paid is not enough to command the best talent or help to the best 
work, and God's blessing cannot be expected." 

The people resented this advice of Council as an imperti- 
nence, and declared they would not settle another minister and 
have a Council meddling with their affairs, — and they have kept 
their word. Since that time they have had no Council and no 
settled pastor. 

Mr. Wheeler was bom at North Adams, Mass., September 
9th, 1819; graduated at the University of Vermont in 1842; 
studied one year at Andover, and afterward privately. He has 
been pastor at Brandon, Saco, in Maine, and of the First Presby- 
terian Church at Poughkeepsie, N. Y., where he still continues. 
He received the degree of D. D. from his Alma Mater in 1887, 
also from Hamilton College previously. 

Rev. George Butterfield next supplied the pulpit one year. 
In 1853 Rev. John W. Pierce became acting pastor for four years. 
In this time there was marked religious interest, and a goodly 
number was added to the church — among them some of its pres- 
ent active members. Mr. Pierce was born in Sutton, Mass., July 
11th, 1811 ; graduated at Bangor Seminary in 1840; was ordained 
at Sutton, Mass., October 20th, 1840. He was a Home Mission- 
ary at the West for a time, and then gave up the ministry for 
some years on account of ill health. In 1851 he preached at 
Westminster, later at Highgate and St. Albans Bay; also in 
Maine. He died at Highgate, of consumption, March 2d, 1872. 

In 1857 and '8 Rev. Charles Scott was acting pastor. He 
was earnest, active and successful in his work, and the church 
was much quickened: the people were greatly attached to him, 
and wished to retain him longer. He was not strong, and gave 
as a reason for not staying, the difficulty of speaking in the old 
church and the liability of taking cold in it in winter — a reason 



200 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

all who preached in the old church, and some who used to wor- 
ship there, can fully appreciate. Nevertheless, that house con- 
tinued to hurt ministers and keep away worshippers for many 
years. Mr. Scott was born in Halifax, Vermont, and educated 
at Hartford Seminary ; has preached in many places in Vermont 
and other states, always with acceptance and usefulness. He 
now resides in Reading, Mass. 

After him Rev. Wilson Barlow Parmelee, son of Dr. Simeon, 
preached six months; was much liked, and wanted longer. He 
was a native of Westford; graduated at the University of Ver- 
mont in 1853, and at Auburn Seminary. He was settled over a 
large Presbyterian Church at Little Falls, N. Y., but on account 
of impaired health has not preached all the time for some years ; 
he now lives in Oswego, New York. 

In 1860 Rev. Caleb Branch Tracy became acting pastor, and 
continued four years. He was born in New Marlboro, Mass., 
July 11th, 1799; graduated at Williams College in 1826, and at 
Andover Seminary in 1829; was ordained February 10th, 1830, 
at Colebrook, Conn. In 1837 he was settled in Boscawen, New 
Hampshire, where he remained fourteen years. He supplied two 
or three years each at St. Johnsbury Center, Northfield and 
Rochester. In 1866 he went to Bennington, N. H., where he 
preached until 1868, when he went to Wilmot and labored there 
nine years. He died of pneumonia at Potter Place in Andover 
January 14th, 1881. 

After Mr. Tracy left Rev. A. D. Barber supplied the pulpit 
with acceptance for some months. 

September 1st, 1864, Rev. Austin Hazen became acting pas- 
tor, and continued twenty years. The people were in a discour- 
aged state; the church was old style and uncomfortable; the 
parsonage out of repair — the parsonage was repaired the next 
year, the church not until fourteen years after; in 1878 it was 
thoroughly repaired, and made one of the best in the region. It 
was again dedicated in February, Rev. George B. Saflford of Bur- 
lington preaching the sermon. In 1875 and '6 there was a great 
awakening in town ; the prayers of years seemed answered in the 
quickening of Christians and conversion of sinners. Great 
changes in the church and congregation took place in those years 
— one generation passed away, and another grew up. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 201 

Austin Hazen was born in Hartford, Vermont, February 
14th, 1835, son of Rev. Austin Hazen, long pastor at Hartford 
and Berlin ; graduated at the University of Vermont in 1855, and 
at Andover Seminary in 1857. In August of that year he began 
preaching in Norwich; was ordained pastor there March 29th, 
1860, and dismissed in 1864. In 1875 he began to supply the 
church at Richmond, in addition to his labors here, and on leav- 
ing this field removed there. His wife, Mary Carleton, died in 
1880, and was buried on the hill-side where sleeps the dust of so 
many good men and women. Mr. Hazen afterward married Mira 
F. Elliot of Jericho. 

In 1866 Charles H. Lyman was chosen deacon; in 1874 he 
was dismissed to the church at the Corners. He gave fifty dollars 
toward the organ, as a token of his continued love for the church 
of his youth. 

July 8th, 1876, Isaac C. Stone and Milo Hoyt Chapin were 
chosen deacons ; they stiU hold the office. 

After Mr. Hazen left, the people were very fortunate in ob- 
taining at once Rev. John Kilbourn Williams. He came in the 
full maturity of his powers, and with a successful experience in 
former pastorates. Although he lived at Underbill and was pas- 
tor also there, his work was successful here. In 1887 there was 
a remarkable awakening, and the church received one of its 
largest accessions afterwards. Mr. Williams was born at Char- 
lotte February 21st, 1835; graduated at Middlebury College in 
1860: he was afterward tutor there; he spent two years at Au- 
burn Seminary, but graduated at Andover in 1866. 

November 21st, 1866, he was ordained pastor at Bradford; 
in 1872 installed pastor at West Rutland. He removed from his 
pastorate here to Peacham in 1889. 

Mr. Nathaniel Kingsbury labored earnestly some months, 
and they gave him a call, which he declined. 

Rev. Leonard Baker Tenney became acting pastor here and 
at Essex in the spring of 1890. He entered upon the work with 
zeal, and fruits are already apparent. He was born at Jaffrey, 
New Hampshire, September 12th, 1854, son of Rev. Leonard 
Tenney; graduated at Dartmouth 1875; studied at Hartford, 
Union, and Andover; was ordained at Barre April 14th, 1882. 



202 HISTORY OF. JERICHO; VERMONT. 

He has labored as a Home Missionary at the West and in Ver- 
mont. 

This church has had frequent changes in its ministry — too 
many short pastorates. There are churches organized about the 
same time which have had only a few pastors, while this has had 
twelve or fourteen. Some of these pastors might have been kept 
longer by suitable effort on the part of the people. 

This church has had some remarkable manifestations of 
divine power; would that a full history of its revivals could be 
written ; the recoi-d of both its earlier and later ones would be to 
the praise of its glorious Lord. 

The influence of this church has blessed the town, giving a 
higher tone to society; many souls have been saved by its work 
through divine grace; numbers saved here have already joined 
the church above; numbers have gone forth to bless other 
churches. 

The fathers and mothers sacrificed, toiled, and prayed for 
this church: so would you, the sons and daughters, do. Per- 
petuate its influence and usefulness; it would be a crime against 
man, a sin against God, to let it languish and die. 



Note. — The records of the church in some periods are very meagre; 
much has been gathered from various sources. I am much indebted to 
Rev. A. W. Wild, the painstaking and accurate historian of our 
churches. 

First Congregational Church. 

The preceding sketches, so full and satisfactory as to preclude 
the need of farther research, bring the story of the church down 
to 1891. It remains for the editor to supplement this with some 
details of the subsequent history. 

Rev. Austin Hasen, the historian and the pastor for 20 years 
at Jericho Center, began supplying, as he states, in 1875 at Rich- 
mond, removed to that place in 1884 and remained there till his 
death in 1895. In May of that year he sailed for Europe, but 
died on shipboard. The Hazens are a remarkable ministerial 
family. Mr. Hazen's father, whose name was likewise Austin, 
had a ministerial service of 43 years, all in Vermont. Four out 
of five of that father's sons entered the Christian ministry, Allen, 
Austin, William S. and Azel W. Allen was a missionary in India 
for 27 years and a pastor of New England churches for a con- 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 203 

siderable time. William had a pastorate of 42 years at 
Northfield,. Vt., and Azel has preached 47 years at Middletown, 
Conn. Austin, the subject of this sketch, had seven sons, of 
whom four went into the ministry. He was unassuming, irenic, 
capable, practical and efficient. "Few Vermont pastors have been 
so thoroughly respected and loved within the range of their ac- 
quaintance." 

Pastorates since 1891. — Rev. L. B. Tenney, who is mentioned 
in the foregoing history as here at the time of the centennial, re- 
mained only till July, 1892. During his pastorate much attention 
was given to meetings in out districts. Mr. Tenney also supplied 
at Essex Center. 

Rev. Edwin Rose followed him for a period of five years. 
Out district meetings were continued, and, he being particu- 
larly interested in temperance, many temperance meetings were 
held and young people signed the pledge. Mrs. Rose conducted 
meetings for young people. Miss Lydia Hartig, one of the 
state workers, assisted Mr. Rose for two weeks in evangelistic 
meetings, which were well attended and awakened unusual in- 
terest but resulted in few conversions. Deacons' meetings, after- 
ward called Officers' meetings, were established for' consultation, 
for action upon minor church affairs and for recommendation to 
the church of action upon important matters. At first the pastor, 
deacons, clerk and treasurer with their wives, and later in ad- 
dition to these the Sunday School superintendent, trustees, presi- 
dents of the missionary societies with their wives or husbands, 
were invited to participate, and these gatherings have proved a 
decided benefit. The first one was convened at the parsonage 
and Mrs. Rose served supper. 

Rev. Charles E. Hayward commenced his labors here in July, 
1897, and remained five years. He was installed Oct. 20, 1897. 
Among material improvements are the repairing of the interior of 
the church and the transfer of the choir from the gallery to the 
corner at the left of the pulpit. A new carpet was given by the 
Ladies' Aid Society. The church assumed the financial and 
business care of the Sunday School and began devoting the greater 
part of its Sunday offerings to current expenses. Mr. Hay- 
ward took the lead in forming a village improvement society. 
There was much agitation about the new theology, and the tran- 



204 HISTORY OF JEHICHO, VERMONT. 

sition from old views to new, which the future historian will not 
hesitate to say is inevitable everywhere at some time, was attended 
here by an intense feeling of opposition. 

Rev. Charles O. Gill, who began in Julyi 1902, had been a 
missionary in China, but was compelled to come back on account 
of the health of his wife. He was a wise and earnest worker, in 
sympathy with new views, but sagacious in presenting them. The 
salary was increased $100, but later half of this amount was taken 
off and Mr. Gill to the dismay of many sought and obtained an- 
other field. 

Rev. John W. Gofifin came in Jan., 1905. The old parsonage 
needing many repairs, a movement was started to build a new 
one. One acre of the land was retained, the remainder with the 
house being sold for $600, and a handsome two-story house con- 
taining nine rooms with hallways and equipped with a furnace 
and fire-place, was erected at an expense of about $2,650. A 
very strenuous effort to raise the necessary funds, both from 
within and without the parish, met with success. Mr. Goffin was 
an able preacher. His wife was an invalid, and on account of 
her increasing weakness he sought a pastorate in California, and 
closed work here in June, 1907. 

Rev. Samuel H. Barnum, the writer of this sketch, Yale, 75, 
Yale Seminary, '79, began work Oct. 20, 1907, coming from a 
long pastorate in Cornwall in this state. During the years fol- 
lowing improvements have been made upon the parsonage and 
grounds, and the exterior of the church building has been painted. 
In 1908 an individual communion service was presented to the 
church in memory of Mr. and Mrs. George Brown. At the close 
of 1909, fifty dollars was added to the pastor's salary. The du- 
plex envelope and benevolence pledge system was introduced with 
success. A goodly number of additions had brought the total 
church membership up to 144 at the opening of 1914, 38 being 
absentees. But the total was the highest since 1840 or earlier. A 
legacy of $950 has been received from Mrs. Adelia Bartlett Davis, 
late of Hooksett, N. H., whose childhood was spent here ; also a 
gift of $1,000 from a friend of the church. The deacons at the 
present time are G. C. Bicknell and F. A. Stiles, and the Super- 
intendent of the Sunday School E. B. Jordan, succeeding Mrs. J. 
W. Hart who had served six years. 




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HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 205 

Chapter III. 

SECOND CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, JERICHO 
CORNERS. 

(The following account was read by Mrs. M. J. Wilbur at 
the annual meeting in 1905). 

The Meeting House. — Early in the year 1824 a goodly num- 
ber of townsmen had become convinced that a meeting house was 
needed at "Jericho four corners," and accordingly they "warned 
a meeting to be held at John Butler's dwelling house in Jericho, on 
the 5th day of May, 1824, at 6 o'clock in the afternoon, to elect 
necessary officers, and transact any business thought best." The 
following business was transacted, to wit : 

"1. Chose George Howe, Moderator. 

"2. Chose Joseph Porter, Society Clerk. 

"3. Voted to build a Meeting House. 

"4. Chose George Howe, Peter Shaw, and Gideon O. Dixon 
a committee to superintendent the building of said Meeting House, 
to be vested with discretionary power therein." 

On Dec. 3, 1824, at 6 o'clock at the schoolhouse, another 
meeting was called "to examine the claims against said society, and 
see if the same shall be allowed." 

It is interesting to see how these sturdy pioneers persevered 
and completed this, the first church building in this part of the 
town, in less than two years at a cost of $3,495.90, and that, when 
all work was done by hand and under great disadvantages and 
discouragements. 

In 1834 Dr. George Howe, who had permitted the society to 
build the meeting house on his land, deeded to three trustees. 
Oliver Lowry, Luther Prouty and William A. Prentiss, the house 
and green or common on which it stood, in trust, to be used for 
religious purposes. 

In April, 1847, money was raised by subscription to purchase 
a bell for the meeting house, and "for all the materials which may 
be necessary to put the same into good order for service ; also for 
repairing the belfry and roof of said meeting house, to be paid 
out of whatever moneys may be left after purchasing the Bell." 
Truman Galusha, George B. Oakes and Milton Ford were ap- 



206 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

pointed a general committee for purchasing and putting into place 
said bell, and the record on Dec. 25, 1847, shows the committee's 
bill of expenditure and the bell in the belfry at a cost of $297.15, 
eight months' accomplishment. 

The Baptist and Second Congregational Churches occupied 
the meeting house for public worship, each on alternate Sabbaths 
from 1826 to 1858 when the Baptist Church built a house of its 
own and abandoned the "Old Brick Meeting House." The Con- 
gregational Church continued its occupancy until 1865, when by 
reason of their inability to maintain proper support, they voted to 
suspend preaching, and the house was abandoned. For eleven 
years following the property was in litigation, it being claimed by 
the original heirs, the Brick Meeting House Society, and the 
school district, which in the meantime had bought it and paid 
$350 to the heirs for a schoolhouse. 

The Supreme Court having decided it had not reverted to the 
original owners, but was still owned by the Brick Meeting House 
Society, the reorganized Second Congregational Church and So- 
ciety proceeded in 1876 to repair and refurnish the building. This 
was undertaken under harsh threats and many discouragements, 
but the building committee: L. M. Stevens, H. M. Field, Dr. E. P. 
Howe, Flavel C. Williams and L. F. Wilbur, moved forward with 
steady purpose, and Dec. 19, 1877, the old brick meeting house 
was completed and furnished at an expense of $3,266.77 and on 
this day was rededicated. President M. H. Buckham preaching 
the sermon from Acts 11 :42, and the dedicatory prayer being of- 
fered by Rev. Edwin Wheelock of Cambridge. 

In 1894 the inside of this house was again thoroughly re- 
paired at a cost of $413, and again in 1902 the walls and ceiling 
were freshly painted, and today we gratefully remember those 
who have gone before and made this beautiful edifice possible for 
us to occupy and enjoy. 

This church home is closely connected with the cemetery in 
the rear, and the first body placed within it was that of Lorenda 
Mead, wife of Ezra Church, who died Jan. 24, 1826, a few months 
before the meeting house was completed. Here are the remains of 
most of the builders, not only of this house, but of the sturdy 
principles of this community, and those who have partaken of 
these benefits should ever hold them in grateful remembrance. 



HISTORY OF JERIOHOi VERiMONT. 207 

and hold sacred those grounds and belongings until they too shall 
sleep with them and enter into their reward. 

The Church. — On Aug. 31, 1826, 24 members of the Con- 
gregational Church at Jericho Center took letters from that 
church, and were formed into what has since been known as The 
Second Congregational Church of Jericho, by Rev. Luther P. 
Blodgett and Rev. George Freeman. Articles of faith and a 
covenant were subscribed to and adopted, and are in a good state 
of preservation at this time. The new church was fortunate in 
having been provided with the brick meeting house for a place 
to hold services, it having been completed the same year of the 
organization. Members were added from time to time and some 
excommunicated during the following years, though the records 
are meagre and sometimes entirely omitted. 

In 1839 a new covenant and creed were adopted and again 
in 1848, at which time, owing to previous laxity in church gov- 
ernment and other causes, as the record says, "The only proper 
course was for those who were willing to move forward as a 
.church to recovenant and start anew." Accordingly the new creed 
and covenant were signed by twelve of the then members, and 
they were declared the Second Congregational Church of Jericho. 
During the next three years fourteen more signed the articles and 
were re-instated. A large number, however, were unwilling to 
continue their membership. 

In March, 1858, thirteen united on confession and four oth- 
ers during 1862-1863. One hundred and thirty-seven names ap- 
pear in the records as having been connected with this church dur- 
ing the years 1826-1863, and in 1865 owing to feebleness and 
other reasons the church voted to discontinue services. 

In the early seventies, several Congregational families having 
come to the village, it was thought best to reorganize the church, 
which was done July 10, 1874, by fourteen of the original mem- 
bers accepting a new creed and covenant, and fourteen from other 
churches with three on confession of faith uniting together, mak- 
ing a membership of 31. W. I. Byington was chosen first deacon 
and Luther M. Stevens second deacon. In August 1899 Deacon 
Stevens entered into rest and C. Van VUet was elected to fill the 
vacancy. His removal opened the way for the choice of C. L. 
Field, and on his removal C. E. Percival and Ira C. Morse were 



208 HISTOEY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

elected Jan. 29, 1905, and Mrs. C. E. Percival and Mrs. Ira C. 
Morse were elected deaconesses. 

Supplementary Notes by the Editor. 

List of Ministers who have served the Second Congrega- 
tional Church. 

Luther P. Blodgett, 1826-1827. He came from the First 
Church. For further particulars see history of that church. 

No report, 1828-1837. 

Elihu B. Baxter, 1838-1840, who first entered the Methodist 
ministry. He considered himself specially called to itinerant 
services. 

No report, 1841-1848. 

John C. Wilder, 1849-1850, 1852. He taught, preached 17 
years, mostly in Vermont, and then became a farmer in Charlotte. 
He died in 1892 aged 89. The church had preaching a part of 
the time in the intervals between pastorates, and among the sup- 
plies were a Mr. Cutler, Priest Smith of Burlington in 1835, and 
President Pease of the college. For several winters during the 
forties protracted meetings were held by Rev. Mr. Kellogg of 
Montpelier, and the building was crowded with people. 

Samuel Marsh, 1852-55. His last pastorate. 

Vacant most of the time, 1856-61. 

Ebenezer C. Birge, 1862-64, who was bom in Underbill in 
1810, and lived there during his pastorate here and till 1874. He 
died in Chicago, 111., May 28, 1882. The church membership had 
increased to 45. 

Vacant, 1865-74. In 1874, as before stated, the church was 
reorganized. 

Prof. John E. Goodrich, 1875. 

Prof. H. A. P. Torrey, 1876. 

John D. Emerson, 1877-82. 

Dana B. Bradford, 1882-88. During this pastorate the church 
was not yoked with Underbill. Mr. Bradford was bom in Hills- 
boro, N. H., Oct. 29, 1817, and was ordained in the Christian 
denomination in 1838, but preached many years as a Congrega- 
tionalist. This was his last parish, and after the close of his 
work he continued his residence here till his death, Feb. 10, 1890. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 209 

Henry T. Barnard, 1888-91. From 1889 on this church has 
joined with Underhill in supporting a pastor. Mr. Barnard had 
been a Free Will Baptist, having been ordained in 1880. Since 
leaving his pastorates have been at West Rutland, Bradford, Vt., 
West Stafford and Tolland, Ct., and Mclndoe Falls, Vt. His 
present address is Bradford. 

Clarence Pike, 1891-95. Subsequently preached at Mans- 
field, Ct., 12 years, and Ashland, Mass., and is now pastor at Roy- 
alston, Mass. 

Ralph H. White, 1895-99, who came from the Methodists. 
After leaving here he attended Yale Theological Seminary, was 
ordained at Cummington, Mass., and now preaches at Newport, 
N. H. 

George M. Rees, 1900-01. He has been for several years in 
Minnesota. 

O. F. Thayer, 1901-02. Here five months. Now at Sher- 
man, Cal. 

M. J. B. Fuller, 1902. During his stay of six months he was 
ordained. Now at Hanover, Ct. 

Wilbur Rand, 1903-06. Now at Westmore. May 7, 1905 
Oliver Brown and family presented the church an individual 
communion service in memory of Mrs. Brown. 

Charles B. Atwood, 1906-09. Since at Strafford and Cabot 
and now at Guilford. In 1909 a vestry was built adjoining the 
church at a cost of about $1,000. 

Vacant, 1909-10, supplied a part of the time by Rev. E. J. 
Ranslow. 

Park A. Bradford, 1911, over 6 months. He now resides at 
East Dorset. 

William Cashmore Nov. 5, 1911. Born in Scotland, grad- 
uated at McGill University and Wesley Theological College, 1895, 
also graduated at Collins Veterinary Medical College. He was 
ordained in 1898 and has held Methodist pastorates at Gorham 
and Gardiner, Me., Port Henry, N.Y., and South Shaftsbury, Vt. 
In June, 1914, he joined the Chittenden County Congregational 
Association and thereby became a Congregationalist. 

In 1912 a new carpet and window shades were placed in the 
church and other improvements were made. In Dec, 1913, the 
new Congregational creed was adopted as the creed of this church. 



210 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Aug. 23, 1914, the church received from the children of the late 
Deacon L. M. Stevens and wife a memorial fund of $5,000 to be 
known as the Stevens Memorial Fund. Funds received previous- 
ly are from Mary Emily Blackman $100, from Mary A. Williams 
$500, from Abby G. Spalding $500 and from Mrs. Charles Lyman 
$100. The church membership, Jan., 1915, was 74, of whom 28 
were absent, and the value of the property was $5,000. Mrs. Wm. 
L. Roberts is Sunday School Superintendent. 

Sketches of two former pastors are available. 

Rev. Samuel Marsh. 

Mr. Marsh was born at Danville July 3, 1796. His mother 
consecrated him to the ministry, but his father, though a good 
man, was unwilling to aid him. When 19 years of age he walked 
160 miles to Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., in order to at- 
tend that school. A wealthy uncle offered him $75,000 
if he would study surveying and become a rich man, but he de- 
clined. He graduated at Dartmouth in 1821, and in 1824 at An- 
dover Theological Seminary. After several pastorates he bought 
a house at Underbill Flats in 1851 or 1852, and is recorded as 
pastor at the Corners 1852-55. He died at the home of his daugh- 
ter April 1, 1874. In connection with his pastoral work he car- 
ried on a colportage system. He combated Universalism, and 
was an ardent advocate of temperance and of abolitionism. When 
he came to his death, he said he had heard of the dark valley but 
saw none, and was more happy than tongue could tell. 

Rev. John D. Emerson. 

Pastor here 1877-82, and at Underbill 1876-83. The reno- 
vated meeting house was rededicated Dec, 1877. Mr. Emerson 
was born in Candia, N. H., May 29, 1828, graduated at Dartmouth 
College and Andover Seminary, and preached at Haverhill, N. H., 
and Biddeford, Maine, before coming here. Then he went to 
Kennebunkport, Me., and afterward returned to Biddeford, spend- 
ing nearly all his remaining years there. He died April 12, 1897. 
A son, Rev. Stephen G., d. at Prescott, Ariz., Jan., 1916. Mr. 
Emerson was Superintendent of Schools in town, and in this 
work showed a genuine interest in the scholars, inspiring several 
to gain a higher education. The churches greatly appreciated his 



HISTORY OF JERIOHO, VBiRMONT. 211 

superior ability and paid an unusually large salary. He was an 
original thinker and inspirational preacher. 

A notable recent event occurred on Aug. 29, 1915, when a 
tablet was unveiled in memory of Dea. Luther M. Stevens, 1812- 
89, and his wife Mary Anna Stevens, 1810-1893. This tablet of 
bronze was placed upon the wall of the church over against the 
old Stevens pew. At the ceremony the church was well filled and 
the service impressive. The discourse was given by Rev. H. T. 
Barnard, who officiated at the funeral of Dea. Stevens, twenty- 
six years ago that day, and also at the funeral of his wife nearly 
four years later. He said : "They were true typical descendants 
of the Puritans. Deacon Stevens, dignified, grave, manly in his 
bearing towards his fellow men, yet humble and devout before 
God, exemplified the characteristics of a good deacon laid down 
by St. Paul to Timothy. Mrs. Stevens, modest, retiring, gentle, 
loving, friendly to all and a friend to all, having a right to the 
beatitude, 'Blessed are the peacemakers, for theirs is the King- 
dom of heaven.' With her eyes full of laughter and her heart 
as full of goodness as a June day is full of sunshine, like her hus- 
band, she beautifully rounded out the character of the deacon's 
wife." 



Chapter IV. 

CALVARY EPISCOPAL CHURCH AT RIVERSIDE. 

In the journal of the proceedings of the fifty-second annual 
convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the diocese of 
Vermont held Sept. 21 and 22, 1842, the following entry appears : 
"Milton and Jericho. The Rev. Samuel Breck Bostwick, mis- 
sionary. At Jericho, baptisms (adults 1, children 9) 10. Cate- 
chisms (boys 3, girls 8) 11. As there is not an organized parish 
at either place, and of course no record, and, as the communion 
has not been administered, the number of communicants can not 
be reported. I have officiated in Jericho and Milton alternately. 
I have met with as much encouragement as could reasonably be 
expected. Articles of association for organizing a parish in each 



212 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

place have been prepared and signed ; and I trust with the bless- 
ings of God the church will ere long be firmly established here 
in its purity and integrity." 

Monday, July 10, 1843, the Bishop Right Rev. John Henry 
Hopkins, D. D., visited this church, preaching in the Congrega- 
tional house of worship, and confirmed 5 persons. There were 
reported 9 families comprising 18 adults and 14 children, and 
the number of communicants 9. Public services once in four 
weeks with exceptions. It was stated : "The congregation is still 
quite small and will probably continue so until a church edifice 
can be erected, of which, however, there is no immediate pros- 
pect." The lay delegate at the convention that year was Orville 
Shaw. The following year Mr. Bostwick had left and no report 
was received. 

In 1845 Arthur Bostwick was serving as lay-reader. The 
services were morning prayer and reading of a sermon on Sun- 
days, after which the children were instructed in the catechism. 
Phineas Atwater was lay-delegate to the convention. Two years 
later the number of families had increased to 11 and the com- 
municants to 15. The people met in a private room every Sun- 
day for lay-reading, a melodeon had been purchased and over $50 
raised. The enterprise was "strong in the zeal of a few devoted 
Christian people." 

In 1851 efiForts to raise funds to erect a church edifice were 
reported, in 1853 a lot was purchased, in 1854 the frame had 
been put up and the outside neatly finished, but the building was 
not reported as completed till 1857. On June 18, 1857, it was 
consecrated by the bishop. The total cost was $2,200, on which a 
debt of about $100 rested. It accommodated about 100 and seats 
were free. The erection of the edifice was due largely to the 
former labors of Rev. S. B. Bostwick and his family connections. 
Three years later it was free from debt. 

The largest number of families reported in any year has been 
20 in 1858, 1876 and 1877 ; the greatest number of communicants 
24 in 1857. 

Soon after the consecration of the edifice. Rev. W. C. Hop- 
kins, son of the bishop, officiated as rector semi-monthly for six 
months. He was followed by Rev. J. Isham Bliss, who held two 
services every other Sunday from Sept., 1858, for three or four 




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HISTORY OF, JERICHO, VERMONT. 213 

years, and in 1863 renewed his. ministrations for awhile. In 1868 
Rev. Josiah Swett, D. D. was officiating a part of the time, and 
on other Sundays lay-reading called the people together. In 
1869 four hundred dollars was paid toward the rector's salary. 
From 1876 to 1901 Rev. Gemont Graves, who resided in Burling- 
ton, served as missionary to a circuit of churches, which at first 
included Cambridge, Essex Junction, Winooski and Shelburne 
as well as Jericho. The number of Sundays upon which services 
have been held has varied from one to three a month, but some- 
times in the summer when visitors were staying at the hotel they 
may have taken place every Sunday. The prosperity of the church 
was quite dependent upon summer visitors, and, when the hotel 
was burned in 1891, that source of aid departed. Since then ser- 
vices have not been frequent. No one is reported in charge of 
the church since 1901. 

In 1860 a complete communion service was presented by 
ladies of St. James' Church, Fort Edward, N. Y.; in 1882 St. 
Paul's Church, Burlington, gave a lectern and two prayer desks, 
and later prayer books and other gifts came from the same source. 
In 1877 a small organ was procured and funds were raised for 
painting the church which was done again in 1889. Repairs have 
been made at various times, and in 1889 a memorial window for 
Mrs. Dr. Winslow of Staten Island, a liberal donor, was placed. 

The following names of officers appear upon the diocesan 
records : Rufus Brown, William Thorpe, S. B. Bliss, C. R. Brown, 
Mrs. G. B. Bliss, Mrs. S. F. B. Wells, Ira Hawley, L. C. Stevens. 



Chapter V. 

METHODIST CHURCH IN VILLAGE OF RIVERSIDE. 

The church building of this organization being located within 
the town of Jericho, the history of the church properly belongs 
to this volume. The land on which the edifice stands was deeded 
by Luther Brown of Jericho, to Franklin Woodworth of Under- 
bill, Reuben Lee, Albert Gleason and Hiram Day of Jericho, 
Stewards of the Essex Circuit of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
15 



214 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Feb. 14, 1856. The land comprised about one-fourth of an acre, 
and the consideration was $100. 

The records of the first quarterly conference for Underbill 
Circuit held at Underbill July 10, 1858, Rev. J. C. Wells, Presiding 
Elder, having charge, report the following officers: Rev. Ben- 
jamin Cox, Circuit Preacher; Rev. J. S. Rowland, Local 
Preacher; A. S. Mears, Exhorter; Luther Brown, John Story, 
William H. Whitcomb, O. G. Gleason, John Lee, James Bent, 
J. H. Fairchild, E. Hatch, Leaders; S. M. Mead, Hiram Day, 
Reuben Lee, Nathaniel Haniford, Hiram Martin, Stewards. To 
this number J. C. Goodhue was added as Steward. A Negotiating 
Committee on parsonage property was ' appointed. At the next 
meeting the Stewards were directed to collect $29 due on parson- 
age furniture, and this was apportioned as follows: The Flats 
$12, Center $6, Bolton and Lee River $8, Jericho Center $3. 

In 1859 the preacher's salary was apportioned in the follow- 
ing way: The Flats $225, Center $100, Jericho Corners $60, Lee 
River $39, Bolton $40. Total $464. Later in the year this was 
revised and increased so as to stand: The Flats $230; Jericho 
Corners $150, Underbill Center $75, North Underbill $60, Bolton 
$50, Lee River $35. Total $600. 

A part of the time in these early years two preachers were 
employed, the names of William A. Hyde, B. F. Livingston, G. A. 
Silverstein and N. M. Learned appearing successively as second 
preachers, while J. S. Howland acted as local preacher for a num- 
ber of years. The roll of preachers in charge from 1858 to the 
present time is here given with the date of beginning wor^ : 

Benjamin Cox, 1858. Born, 1817 at Monkton. 

A. H. Honsinger, 1859. Died at Troy, N. Y., 1899 aged 78. 
An enthusiastic and well beloved preacher. 

Albert B. Truax, 1861. Died 1897, aged 62. Presiding 
elder six years. Of rare social qualities. Preached the last Sab- 
bath of his life. 

Elisha B. Hafif, 1863. 

C. F. Garvin, 1865. 

D. Austin, 1867. 
John Lawrence, 1868. 
J. E. Kimball, 1869. 




Methodist Episcopal Church, Jekicho Village. 




Methodist Episcopal Church, Riveeside, Vt. 



HISTORY OF JER1C5H0, VERMONT. 216 

A. S. Cooper, 1869. Died 1884, aged 76. Had frequent re- 
vivals. 

James H. Hale, 1870. Died 1880. Though an asthmatic, 
he was invariably able to preach on the Sabbath. 

S. Chartier, 1871. 

J. Halpenny, 1872. 

D. P. Bragg, 1874. 

Seymour C. Vail, 1877. Born 1844. Address, Corinth, 
N. Y. 

Joseph W. Guernsey, 1880. Died 1894, aged 73. 

C. E. Scott, 1883. To South America as missionary. 
A. B. Riggs, 1885. 

Lucien E. Taylor, 1888. . 
Charles M. Stebbins, 1891. 
H. F. Reynolds, 1893. 

Sidney S. Brigham, 1895. Born 1836. Address, Fairfax. 
Was a captain in Civil War. 

D. C. Thatcher, 1898. 

Caleb P. Taplin, 1900. Died at Montpelier 1908, aged 75. 
44 years in ministry. Died in the harness. 

O. L. Barnard, 1903. 

A. H. Sturges, 1908. 

In 1862 it was voted that Essex be united with the Underbill 
Circuit. Jericho Comers was included here from the beginning 
of the organization there till 1871 apparently, and then was joined 
with the Essex Circuit, which was then by itself, and this con- 
tinued till 1896. From that time onward it has been in the Un- 
derbill and Jericho charge. 

At one time in 1869 it was voted to distribute the labor of 
the pastor as follows : at West Bolton once in two weeks in the 
morning, Jericho Corners once in two weeks in the afternoon and 
evening (or five o'clock), the Flats once in two weeks in the 
afternoon, the Center once in four weeks in the morning. North 
Underbill, Jericho Center and prayer meeting at the Flats the re- 
maining time. 

In regard to the spiritual interests of the church there have 
been ups and downs, but often a hopeful, courageous attitude. In 
1867 it was said that at one preaching station the numbers had 
more than doubled and the religious interest had increased. In 



216 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VBRIMONT. 

1885 the Sunday School at the Flats was increasing in number 
and there was an excellent interest in class meetings. with 30 to 
50 in attendance. The following year a revival interest had 
spread all through the charge. At Underbill Center prayer meet- 
ing attendance had risen from 6 or 8 to 30 or 40. During the 
three years, 1885-'87, when Rev. A. B. Riggs was the preacher in 
charge, over 50 were added to the church on probation. Two 
famihes were engaged in Bishop Taylor's South American mis- 
sion, and Rev. C. E. Scott had been released from his pastorate 
here to enter into that work. The report of the Presiding Elder 
said of this period: "Underhill has attained an altitude spirit- 
ually which repudiates its. name. Three years of labor scarcely 
paralleled in our midst for earnestness have been expended here, 
and numbers have been converted. Many have entered the rest 
of faith and arduous labor, a debt of $300 on the parsonage has 
been provided for, and all the interests of the church are well in 
hand." In regard to this debt raising the Presiding Elder preached 
a rousing sermon on bringing all the tithes into the storehouse, 
and the full amount was pledged on the spot. Again in 1893 there 
was a revival period, the pastor being C. M. Stebbins. Mr. Steb- 
bins called to his aid two consecrated young women, and during 
the meetings about 160 professed saving faith in Christ. He was 
able to report 72 probationers and 106 full members. At an ear- 
lier time, 1862, the membership was much larger, 11 probationers 
and 190 full members, but Jericho Corners was then included in 
the charge and probably was in a flourishing state. In 1894 there 
were reported 175 to 180 families that favor the Methodist 
Church in this charge residing in Underhill, Bolton, Jericho, 
Westford and Cambridge. At that time the average attendance 
at preaching service, aside from special days like Children's Day 
when it was 200 and G. A. R. Day when it was 350, was 90 to 
97 at the Flats, and at the Center 35 while on Children's, Day it 
was 120. At another time the pastor, who was in poor health, 
was greatly worried over conditions and complained of the ab- 
sence of some of the stewards from his meetings. 

Repairs were made upon the property at various times. In 
1889 forty to fifty dollars was laid out in repairs on the parson- 
age, and in 1894, $350 in repairing the church at the Center. 
Aug. 11, 1906, the meeting house at the Flats was burned. The 



mSTORY OF JBRIOHO, VERMONT. 217 

insurance was $1400. Rev. O. L. Barnard, the pastor, was ap- 
pointed a committee to solicit funds for a new church and served 
also as chairman and treasurer of the Building Committee. His 
accounts were audited and found correct. The cost of the new 
building, furnishings, sheds, etc., was about $2,750, there being an 
indebtedness of $273, April 1, 1907. In 1912 a gift of $1,000 
was received from Dr. A. F. Burdick, the interest to be used for 
preaching. The salaries of preachers have ranged from $400 to 
$600, the use of the parsonage recijoned at $100 being additional. 
At the present time the value of the church at the Flats is esti- 
mated as $3,000 and that of the parsonage $1,500. The member- 
ship of the churches of the charge is, Probationers 5, Full Mem- 
bers 106. The benevolences reported in 1913 were $115. Rev. 
A. H. Sturges, the present pastor, was born in Fairfield, April 7, 
1864, and entered the ministry in 1901. His first charge was 
Binghamville, from which he came to Underbill. Here he has 
proved so acceptable a pastor that he has been retained for his 
eighth year, the longest pastorate on record here. 



Chapter VI. 
METHODIST CHURCH, JERICHO CORNERS. 

The history of this church is bound up with those at Under- 
bill and Essex, it having been a part of the Underbill charge from 
its beginning to 1871. From that time, though not continuously, till 
1896 it belonged to th? Essex circuit, but then returned to its con- 
nection with Underbill, the charge being called that of Underbill 
and Jericho. This arrangement continues to the present day. 

In 1858, there being a goodly number of Methodists in town, 
a movement was started by Addison Ford and others to obtain 
subscriptions to build a Methodist meeting house. These sub- 
scriptions were to be paid to the Prudential Committee of the 
Jericho Corner Meeting House Society, which committee was to 
be appointed on the second Tuesday of March, 1858. One 
thousand two hundred and eighty-five dollars subscribed in 
amounts running from $5 to $115, a part of it being payable in 



218 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

work. The subscribers were to have the value of their payments 
in pews. The Baptist building project being on foot at the same 
time, there was some rivalry between the two organizations. 

The Hst of pastors is the same as given for Underbill down 
to 1871, when it was resolved by this part of the charge not to 
accept the supply sent by the Presiding Elder. That year and the 
following it was supplied by C. H. Dunton, afterward principal 
of Troy Conference Academy at Poultney. At some time Prof. 
Petty of the University supplied acceptably union meetings held 
by this church and the Congregational, and it was probably in 
1873. In 1874 O. S. Basford was the preacher. From 1875 to 
1896 with the exception of one or two years Essex and Jericho 
constituted a charge and employed the same minister. The list 
for this period is as follows : 

Sylvester Donaldson, 1875. Died in 1912, aged 74. Vigor- 
ous and zealous, a preacher for half a century. In his last years 
he daily read the Scriptures in Hebrew and Greek. Presiding 
Elder six years. 

Austin Scribner, 1876. Died at Lyndon 1895, aged 59. 

O. S. Basford, 1879. 

Joseph W. Guernsey, 1881. Died at Rutland 1894, aged 73. 
Presiding Elder '71-'74. Last eleven years of his life Chaplain 
of the House of Correction. 

Sylvester Donaldson, 1882. 

Nathan W. Wilder, 1883. Born 1835. Address, Water- 
town, Ct. 

Clark Wedgeworth, 1886. Died 1904 at Swanton, aged 66. 

Martin P. Bell, 1888. Died 1891 at Craftsbury, aged 58. 
Positive in convictions. "Every sermon a gospel temperance 
sermon." 

Church Tabor, 1889. Died 1896, aged 60. Converted at 
the same time as S. Donaldson, who afterward married his sis- 
ter. Presiding Elder 78-'82. The people of his last charge be- 
lieved they never were served so well. 

Albert B. Blake, 1892. Born 1842. Address, Barton. 

No appointment 1895, but S. S. Brigham who began this year 
at Underbill is recorded as supplying both churches in 1896. 
From this time they again constitute one charge, and for subse- 
quent pastors see Underbill Methodist Church. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 219 

Few particulars have been found specifically relating to the 
Jericho Church. At one time it was said that Essex and Jericho 
are good fields for remunerative labor and that earnest work had 
been done, at another time that these churches were loyal to the 
doctrine and economy of Methodism. 

December 23, 1867, a meeting of the society convened and 
appointed a committee consisting of Charles Hilton, C. K. Butler 
and A. M. Ford, to draft a new constitution and by-laws, 
the original records having been destroyed by fire. The new con- 
stitution reported was adopted, and it was also voted to sell the 
parsonage property and pay the proceeds to the treasurer. Nov. 
16, 1877, it was voted to build a new chimney and make other 
necessary repairs. Jan. 27, 1880, it was voted to repair the in- 
side of the meeting house during the coming season, and the next 
year it was voted to repair the house to make it comfortable. In 
1893 $60 was spent in repairs. Oct. 4, 1898, it was "voted by a 
unanimous vote to deed and convey the Methodist Episcopal meet- 
ing house and grounds for the consideration of one dollar to the 
Methodist Episcopal Church in trust for the use and benefit of 
the ministry and membership of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
pursuant to article second of the warning." The Prudential Com- 
mittee, Homer Rawson, A. D. Cochran and John Schillhammer 
were authorized and directed to deed the property. This deed 
has never been recorded. The value of the edifice is estimated at 
$2,000. 

The interests of this church have been so identified with 
those of Underbill that its history is largely included therein. 



Chapter VII. 

UNIVERSALIST CHURCH, JERICHO CENTER. 

Hemenway's Gazetteer states that Universalists were among 
the first settlers, represented by such names as Thompson, Gloyd 
and Dow, and that there was preaching of their doctrine at an 
early time. Some of their services were held in the Academy 
building. On Feb. 18, 1843, a constitution was drawn up for a 



220 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Universalist Society, whose subscribers declared themselves as 
believers in the universal love and impartial grace of God. The 
condition of membership was thus stated: "Any person who 
is of a good moral character may become a member of this so- 
ciety, and shall sign the constitution when admitted to member- 
ship by the society in such manner as they shall establish by 
vote." Rev. Thomas Browning is said in Child's Gazetteer to 
have organized the society with 31 members. The constitution 
has been signed at various times by 78 males and 41 females, 119 
in all. At the time of organization Lyman Stimpson was chosen 
Pres., J. G. Goodhue, Vice-Pres., J. K. Hunt, Sec'y and Treas. 
Orley Thompson, Galusha Day and Edwin K. Blodgett, Com- 
mittee. 

The following year a committee was appointed to obtain 
funds by subscription to erect a meeting house, and another com- 
mittee was elected to ascertain the most expedient way and most 
convenient construction and size for building the house. Sept. 
6, 1845, it was resolved to commence the building as early as 
possible in the spring of 1846, and a building committee was 
chosen consisting of Orley Thompson, J. G. Goodhue and M. 
Shaw. The house was dedicated Aug. 31, 1847, Rev. Eli Bal- 
lon, editor of the Universalist Watchman, preaching the sermon. 
In 1848 an effort was made to raise money to pay for land ad- 
ditional to the original purchase on which the meeting house 
stood. In 1857 a committee was chosen to build sheds. The 
records contain the names of those elected to the office of the 
society each year, and the names of delegates to the Champlain 
Association and the State Convention, but do not give any re- 
ports of things done. The writer would gladly give fuller de- 
tails, but fhe data are meager. Inquiry of former attendants 
reveals a few facts. 

It became the practice to have preaching services once in 
two weeks, both forenoon and afternoon, the preacher officiating 
alternate Sabbaths at Essex or Williston or some other place. 
It is believed that but two or three of the ministers lived in town. 
The attendants were widely scattered, but in the prosperous days 
of the church large family loads would come from several miles 
away. As was common in those days, much stress was laid upon 
the special tenets of the denomination. A unique feature was 




Univeesalist Cbubch, Jericho CENTEat. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VBRfMONT. 221 

the illuminations of the meeting house at Christmas time, when 
it was trimmed with evergreenSj and boards holding candles 
were placed along every other tier of panes of the long high win- 
dows. The choir would sing, and responses were made by some 
one chosen for the purpose, and presents were given to the mem- 
bers of the Sunday School. One of these illuminations in 1869 
is particularly remembered. 

Rev. Silas Wakefield prepared an elaborate celebration one 
winter, for which many and careful rehearsals were held. There 
was speaking and singing by the children, dialogues and instru- 
mental music, and upon a platform over the pulpit little girls 
dressed in white appeared as angels. Lyman Stimson was for 
many years the choir leader and Hoyt Chambers superintendent 
of the Sunday School. 

The following is believed to be very nearly the order in 
which the regular ministers served : 

Silas Wakefield, 1847-48. 

Thomas Browning of Richmond, Nov., 1848. Born in Rut- 
land, Mass., March 21, 1787, the eldest of thirteen children. In 
eairly life a Methodist. Ordained when forty years of age. 
Preached at Waterbury, then at Richmond, 1834-46. Said to be 
founder of the Universalist Church here. Represented Rich- 
mond in Legislature. Married Persis Ross. Ten children. Died 
in Richmond, March 12, 1875. 

P. Hersey, 1849. 

Alson Scott, 1850-56. Born at Halifax,. Vt., April 11, 1816. 
In the spring of .1850 moved to Jericho, preaching also at other 
places and teaching school in District No. 4. 

S. C. Eaton, 1856-57. Came from Glover Saturdays for 
about a year. 

Lester Warren, who drove from Montpelier Saturdays. 

Silas Wakefield, 1860 and '61, who lived where H. H. Wilder 
does now. 

Joseph Sargent, who lived in Williston, and become chaplain 
of the 13th Regiment of Vt., and died of typhoid fever in Va. 
April 20, 1863, aged about 45. He was probably not a regular 
preacher here. 

C. C. Thornton, 1865. Lived in Essex. 

Hervey Elkins. Lived in Williston. 



222 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Lester Warren, 1867-69. A. second time. 

The Champlain Association met with this church in Octo- 
ber, 1847, for a two-day conference, and it is noted that seven 
discourses were preached. 

After 1870 or 1871 no regular services were held. In 1904 the 
property was deeded to the Universalist Convention of Vermont 
and Province of Quebec. Later it was sold to T. L. Bostwick 
for a novelty shop, then passed into the hands of E. H. Smith, 
who carried on the same business, and afterward was bought by 
the Ladies' Aid Society of the Congregational Church, who 
plan to make it a suitable village hall. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 223 

PART FIFTH. 

PROFESSIONAL MEN FROM JERICHO. 

Chapter I. 

Ministers. 

natives of jericho who have entered the ministry. 

By Rev. S. H. Barnum. 

For convenience of reference these are named in alphabetical 
order. Possibly there are others. 

*Almon Benson. Congregational; b. June 3, 1810; son of 
Ebenezer and Cynthia (Gloyd) Benson. Graduated at Gilman- 
ton, N. H., Theological Seminary, 1840 ; ordained at Center Har- 
bor, N. H., Dec. 23, 1840; dismissed Nov. 10, 1863; without 
charge, there till death, Sept. 13, 1884; m. May 11, 1841, Julietta, 
dau. of Joseph and Silence (Richards) Kingsbury of Frances- 
town, N. H., who d. Jan. 11, 1843 ; m. March 13, 1845 Rhoda A., 
dau. of Samuel J. and Nancy (Cowles) Roys of Landaff, N. H. ; 
one son and three dau. 

*Samuel Breck Bostwick. Episcopal; b. March 10, 1815; 
son of Arthur Bostwick, Esq.; d. March 16, 1881. The Bishop 
said at his funeral, "Four churches sprung up in the footprints of 
his missionary journey." Received the degree of S. T. D. from 
Columbia University. (See Bostwick Family.) 

*Zina H. Brown. Methodist; b. Dec. 27, 1804; son of 
Charles and grandson of Joseph, one of the original settlers; 
converted at the age of 19 ; licensed as an exhorter in 1840 and 
as a local preacher in 1843 ; ordained Deacon in 1848 and Elder 
in 1850; labored in Fairfax, Sheldon, Bakersfield and Enosburgh, 
Sheldon again, Swanton, Franklin, Williston, Ferrisburgh, Bran- 



224 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

don, Starksboro, Essex, Cambridge and Stowe. In 1864 he was 
appointed to the charge of St. Albans District, which he occupied 
two years, when his health failed ; d. at Underbill, April 23, 1867. 
"His sermons were perspicuous, instructive, dignified and chaste. 
He was a Methodist of the old stamp, a lover of the peculiarities 
and institutions of the Church ; he was open and manly in main- 
taining what he believed to be right and in opposing what he re- 
garded wrong." 

* Calvin Butler. Presbyterian; b. May 23, 1797; son of 
Reuben and Laura (Rood) Butler. Graduated at Middlebury 
College 1824 and at Andover Seminary 1827; ordained by Wa- 
bash Presbytery in 1827, and was home missionary at Princeton 
and Evansville, Ind, 1827-1831 ; pastor Pres. Churches at Evans- 
ville, Washington and Boonville, Ind., and at Maine, 111., where 
he d. Nov. 2, 1854 ; m. twice ; nine children who survived infancy. 
"His death was very sudden. He retired apparently in good 
health ; awoke about three o'clock, conversed a few moments, 
when his breathing became unnatural and he immediately ex- 
pired." 

^Walter Clayton Clapp. Episcopal ; b. 1861 ; son of Simeon 
W. and Lorenda (Mead) Clapp; moved to Providence, R. I., 
about 1867, and shortly after to Boston. Graduated at Amherst 
'83; studied medicine one year, taught a year, and entered Gen. 
Theol. Seminary of the Episcopal Church; was ordained Dea- 
con in '87 and Priest in '88; was engaged in work in Baltimore; 
as instructor at Nashotah Seminary, Wis., in Philadelphia, in 
Toledo ; as missionary for eleven years in Philippines ; and since 
return in 1912 as Rector of Christ Church, Danville, Pa. D. 
Sept. 17, 1915. 

* Hiram Harlow Dixon. Congregational; b. June 1, 1818; 
son of Gideon O. and Esther (Woodruff) Dixon. Studied at 
Jericho Academy and at Farmington (Ohio) Academy; taught in 
public and private schools in Vt., N. Y., O., and III, 1832-48; 
studied theology privately; preached at Underbill and at W. 
Stockholm, N. Y., and, after ordination on Feb. 23, 1852, at 
Johnstown, Fox Lake, Alto, W. Rosendale and Metomen, all in 
Wis.; gave up regular preaching on account of ill health in 1870 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 225 

and resided at Ripon, then at Whitewater, Wis., from 1889 till 
death Oct. 18, 1905, at the age of 87; m. in Underhill, Sarepta 
Ann, dau. of Samuel and Amanda (Bicknell) Wells, who d. at 
Whitewater, May 30, 1899; three children; member of Vt. 
Legislature in 1848 and 1849 and author of the first homestead 
exemption law of that state; was advisory member of Executive 
Committee of Ripon College. 

Carleton Hasen. Congregational ; b. June 14, 1865 ; second 
son of Rev. Austin and Mary Jane (Carleton) Hazen. Fitted 
for college in the old academy, at Essex Classical Institute and 
Burlington High School ; graduated at U. V. M. at the head of 
his class in 1888, and at Hartford Theological Seminary in 1891 ; 
preached at Rochester, Vt., 1891-99; West Rutland, 1900-04; 
Portland, Ct., 1904-09; Kensington, Ct., 1909 to date; ordained at 
Rochester, Vt., 1892, his father preaching the sermon; m. Julia 
Trask of Rochester and has two sons. 

Frank William Hasen. Congregational; b. Jan. 7, 1869; 
fourth son of Rev. Austin and Mary J. C. Hazen. Attended 
Jericho Academy; fitted for college at Essex and Burlington; 
graduated U. V. M. 1890; taught in Island Pond High School 
1890-91, in Craftsbury Academy 1891-94; was examiner of 
teachers for Orleans County, 1892-94; graduated at Hartford 
Theological Seminary 1897; was Pastor at Gaysville and Pitts- 
field, Vt., 1897-1902, being ordained at the latter place in 1897 ; 
Pastor at Middletown Springs, 1902-04; Assistant Pastor of 
First Church, Meriden, Ct., 1904-06 ; Pastor at Falmouth, Mass., 
1906-1912, and at Johnson, Vt., 1912 to date ; m. Sept. 28, 1904, 
Mary Crafts Paddock at North Craftsbury; three children. 

William Hazen. Congregational; b. Nov. 3, 1870; fifth son 
of Rev. Austin and Mary J. C. Hazen. Fitted for college at 
Deerfield, Mass. ; graduated at U. V. M. 1893 ; taught at Hyde 
Park, (Vt.), High School, 1893-94; graduated at Hartford 
Theological Seminary 1897 ; was Pastor at Sherburne, Vt., 1897- 
99, being ordained there in 1897; student at Yale Divinity 
School 1899-1900, receiving degree of M. A.; missionary of A. 
B. C. F. M. in Marathi Mission, India, 1900 to date, and is now 
stationed at Bombay; m. 1907, Miss Florence Hartt. 



226 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

*George Hilton.. Methodist; b. May 29, 1879; son of 
Birney and Elizabeth Hilton. Educated at South California 
University; ordained in 1911; preached in California; m. Mrs. 
Agnes (Sands) Nichols; no children; d. May 13, 1912. 

Frederick Lucas Kingsbury. Congregational; b. in the 
"Willey House" March 10, 1850; son of Joseph and Eliza S. 
(Whitcomb) Kingsbury; moved to Norwich, Vt., 1868. Grad- 
uated at Dartmouth College 1875; studied medicine at Dart- 
mouth and U. V. M., graduating from the latter; practiced at 
Waterbury, Vt., till 1880, then at Samokov, Bulgaria as Medical 
Missionary of the American Board, 1881-99; ordained to min- 
istry at Norwich, Vt. ; at Clifton Springs Sanitarium 1899-1905; 
supplied Hyde Park Church, St. Louis; was Pastor, Ventura, 
Cal, 1906-10; since then occasional supply; lived two years at 
Boulder, Col. ; m. Feb. 27, 1878 Luella Laughton Olds of Nor- 
wich, Vt. ; two children, Joseph Lyman, teacher of history at 
State Normal School, Kirksville, Mo.; and Margaret Lucy, who 
m. Prof. Francis S. Foote, Jr., of Univ. of Cal.; translated an 
astronomy and physiology into Bulgarian; present address: 844 
W. 76th St., Los Angeles, Cal. 

George B. Lane. Methodist ; b. July 10, 1871 ; son of 
Lorenzo and Esther Lane. Educated at School for Christian 
Workers, Springfield, Mass.; ordained Deacon 1906, and Elder 
1908 ; pastorates at Scotch Bush, West Caton and East Syracuse, 
N. Y., Clarenceville, P. Q., and since Sept., 1912, at Bolton, N. 
Y. ; m. Geneva Parmenter, by whom one child; second Florence 
Slater by whom five children. 

*Samuel Augustus Lee. Congregational and Presbyterian; 
b. July 20, 1805 ; son of Linus and Phebe Lee. Graduated U. 
V. M. 1831, and Auburn Seminary 1834; ordained 1834; 
preached for short terms for Congregational Churches at 
Cazenovia, N. Y., Medina, O., and Claridon, O., and then for 
Presbyterian Churches at Mantua and Streetsboro, O. ; d. at 
Hudson, O., Jan. 28, 1866; m. Susan Hyde, who survived him 
with five children. 

*Anson Rood. Congregational and Presbyterian ; b. March 
19, 1802; son of Deacon Thomas D. and Sarah (Bradley) Rood. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 227 

Graduated Middlebury College, 1825; studied a year each in 
Princeton, Andover and Yale Seminaries; Pastor at Danbury, 
Conn., 1828-37, being ordained in 1829; removing to Philadel- 
phia he was Pastor of a Presbyterian Church 12 years, associate 
editor of the North American two years, then was in teaching 
and philanthropic work from 1851 till death, Nov. 27, 1857 ; m. 
Alida G. Ogden, March 3, 1828; five children. 

*Heman Rood, D. D. Congregational; b. Jan. 29, 1795; 
•son of Deacon Thomas D. and Sarah B. Rood, older brother of 
Anson, and grandson of Deacon Azariah Rood, who was one 
of the first settlers and a charter member of the First Congrega- 
tional Church. Preparatory study at Shoreham and Middle- 
bury; graduated at Middlebury College 1819; taught three years; 
graduated at Andover Theological Seminary 1825 ; ordained 
1826 ; Pastor at Gilmanton, N. H., and New Milf ord, Ct. ; Pro- 
fessor at Gilmanton Theological Seminary ; Teacher at Haverhill, 
N. H. ; Acting Pastor at Quechee and Hartland, Vt. ; without 
charge at Hanover, N. H. and Westfield, N. Y. ; d. at Westfield 
of old age June 8, 1882; Middlebury College conferred the de- 
gree of D. D. ; m. Nov. 29, 1827, Frances S. Moody, of Gilman- 
ton, N. H. ; five children. 

*Ashbel Shipley Wells. Presbyterian and Congregational; 
b. Dec. 3, 1798 ; son of Shipley and Dorothea (Randall) Wells ; 
united with Congregational Church in Jackson, Me., July, 1816. 
Graduated Hamilton College 1824 and Auburn Seminary 1827; 
ordained at Utica, N. Y., 1828; preached in Ind., Mich., and 
Iowa, and for several years was agent of missionary societies; 
in U. S. Christian Commission at St. Louis, 1863-64; made his 
home at Fairfield, lo., from 1859 till his death, Oct. 30, 1882 ; m. 
March 24, 1828 Sophia Hastings. 

Earl Morse Wilbur, D. D. Unitarian; b. 1866; son of 
Lafayette and Mercy Jane (Morse) Wilbur. (See Wilbur fam- 
ily). 

The following clergymen, though not born in Jericho, were 
here in childhood or youth, and hence this town has a claim upon 
them : 



228 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

*Lester H. Elliot. Congregational; b. in Croydon, N. H., 
Aug. 1, 1835; son of Deacon Ezra and Eliza (Hall) Elliot, who 
moved here during his childhood; d. July 20, 1907, at Water- 
bury; most of his ministerial life was given to Vermont, where 
he was widely known and influential. (See Elliot family). 

^Stephen G. Emerson. Congregational; son of Rev. John 
D. and Elizabeth F. Emerson; his father preached for Second 
Congregational Church, 1877-82. Graduated at Dartmouth 
1887, and at Oberlin Seminary 1890; ordained at Oakland, Cal.," 
1890 ; his ministry has been in California, and for 6 years Pastor 
of Logan Heights Congregational Church, San Diego, Cal. D. 
Jan., 1916, at Prescott, Ariz. 

David Foster Estes, D. D. Baptist; b. in Auburn, Me., 
October 18, 1851 ; son of Rev. Hiram C. Estes, D. D., Pastor 
here in 1862-72. He was graduated from the University of Ver- 
mont in 1871 and from the Newton Theological Institution in 
1874; a year was also spent, 1878, 1879, in study at the Uni- 
versity of Gottingen, Germany ; he was ordained at Manchester, 
Vt., August ■19th, 1874, and was Pastor there from 1874 to 1876; 
at Belfast, Me., from 1876 to 1878; and at Vergennes, Vt., from 
1880 to 1883 ; he was a teacher in the Atlanta Baptist Seminary, 
Atlanta, Ga., from 1883 to 1886, and Acting Principal of the 
same; he was pastor at Holden, Mass., from 1886 to 1891. Oc- 
tober 1, 1891, he became Professor of New Testament Inter- 
pretation in the Theological Seminary 'in connection with Col- 
gate University, at Hamilton, N. Y. ; he has also served as Uni- 
versity Librarian since 1898; he received the degree of D. D. 
from the University of Vermont in 1896. He is the author of 
"The History of Holden, Mass.," (1894) and "An Outline of 
New Testament Theology," (1900). He m. May 12, 1880, Ef- 
figene Lydia, only dau. of Truman C. and Angeline O. (Bishop) 
Galusha, b. Sept. 14th, 1858. They have one son, Walter Dal- 
ton Estes, b. in Vergennes, July 22, 1881, a graduate of Colgate 
University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology and for 
some years engaged in scientific work in Chicago. 

Austin Hasen, Jr. Congregational; b. in Norwich, Vt., 
Sept. 20, 1863 ; oldest son of Rev. Austin and Mary J. C. Hazen. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 229 

Attended Jericho Academy and studied in Middletown, Ct.; 
graduated at U. V. M. 1885 ; taught in Waterbury High School 
1885-86; was in a drug store in Barre 1887-90; graduated at 
Hartford Theological Seminary 1893 ; held a fellowship in Ger- 
many 1893-95; preached in various places till he was ordained 
at Thomaston, Ct., where he preached till 1911; since then he 
has been Vice-President and Treasurer of Tougaloo University, 
Miss.; m. and has two children. 

George Washington Henderson, D. D. Congregational; b. 
in Clark Co., Va., Nov. 16, 1850; was brought here at the close 
of the Civil War by an officer and showed himself possessed of 
unusual ability. Attended Underbill Academy; graduated U. 
V. M. 1877; taught in select school in Jericho Academy and at 
Craftsbury Academy 1877-80 and 1886-88; graduated at Yale 
Divinity School 1883 ; gained Hooker Fellowship and studied at 
Berlin; ordained 1888; Professor Straight University, New Or- 
leans; pastor University Church in the same city 1890-1904; 
professor in Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn., 1905 to date; 
was assistant Moderator of the National Council of Congrega- 
tional Churches in 1895. 

*John Denison Kingsbury, D. D. Congregational; b. in 
Hanover, N. H., Apr. 19, 1831 ; son of Joseph and Eliza S. 
(Whitcomb) Kingsbury, and older brother of Rev. Fred L. ; 
spent boyhood in Jericho. Attended Bakersfield Academy, U. 
V. M. 1852, Andover Theological Seminary 1856; ordained at 
Brandon 1856. Pastorates, Brandon, 1856-60; Winooski, 1860- 
66; Bradford, Mass., 1866-1901; pastor emeritus at Bradford, 
1901 till death. Degree of D. D. conferred by U. V. M. ; pub- 
lished Memorial History of Bradford; m. Feb. 5, 1861, at Bran- 
don, Charlotte M. Field; four children; d. Nov. 11, 1908, at 
Bradford, of heart trouble, aged 77 ; in 1889 he was sent by the 
Congregational H. M. S. to Cuba on a tour of exploration. In 
1901 at 70 years of age he took up a traveling superintendency of 
home missions in Idaho, Utah, New Mexico and Arizona. "It 
was wonderfully interesting and inspiring to see this old man, 
laden with years, but young in enthusiasm and sympathy, going 
about over his 'vast realm,' as he loved to call it, shepherding 
his flock. Everybody loved him, everybody trusted him. With him 
16 



230 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

always went the serenity of Christian faith and the warmth of 
Christian love." Another estimate says : "His work at Bradford 
was eminently succesful; he was regarded by his parishioners 
as the most eloquent preacher of that region; but the activity of 
his later years, in his oversight of home missions at the West, 
drew the admiring attention of his friends and the friends of 
missions. It was distinctively progressive and successful. It 
was a glorious seven years' campaign, fittingly crowning a de- 
voted life." 

*Eugene J. Ranslow. Congregational; b. in Georgia, Vt., 
Oct. 21, 1842; son of Rev. George Washington and Anna M. 
(Parmalee) Ranslow. Educated in Underbill Academy, Mid- 
dlebury College 1866, and Auburn Seminary 1869. His college 
course was interrupted by a year's service, 1864-1865, in the U. 
S. Navy; ordained 1869. Pastorates, Swanton, 1869-75; Wells 
River, 1875-88; Swanton again 1888-1909; later he preached 
summers at Underbill and Jericho, Bristol and Danville, and 
winters at Seabreeze, Florida; m. Ellen Eliza Kingsbury, sister 
of Rev. John D. and Fred L., May 11, 1869; four children sur- 
vive; m. 2 Miss Cynthia Laura Marvin. He d. May 28, 1914, 
at Seabreeze, Fla. 

His father. Rev. George, preached for 50 years and his 
maternal grandfather. Rev. Simeon Parmalee, for 60 years, mak- 
ing a continuous ministry of 155 years in the family. "He was 
a versatile man, of ready address on platform or in pulpit, wield- 
ing a trenchant pen, and commanding attention on matters of 
public interest by his flashes of wit and keen retort. He was 
skilled in agriculture and at times extensively engaged therein. 
His army experience brought him into intimate relations with his 
comrades." 



Chapter II. 

LAWYERS. 

The following lawyers as far as has been learned, were 
bom in town or lived here during a part of their early life : ' 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 231 

Charles T. Barney, b. Jan., 1859 ; son of Truman B. Barney ; 
now at Ada, Oklahoma. (See Barney family). 

*John D. Bicknell, b. 1838; son of Nathaniel and Fanny 
(Thompson) Bicknell, and older brother of Dr. Fred T. He 
taught successfully in Wis. and Mo. ; studied law and practiced 
in Mo.; conducted a party overland to California; practiced in 
Los Angeles; m. Dec. 26, 1866, E. Maria Hatch; d. 1911. 

*Tliomas Chittenden, b. here 1788; grandson of Gov. 
Thomas Chittenden. Graduated U. V. M. 1809; merchant here 
1813 ; lawyer, farmer, lived in Granville, O. ; d. at the home of 
his son at Benton, Wis., April 20, 1868. 

Washington Spencer Cilley, b. here June 26, 1840. Fitted 
for college under Rev. S. L. Bates, entered U. V. M. from 
Jericho and graduated 1867 ; took lawyer's degree at University 
of Mich. 1869. Address: 1015 Sixteenth Ave., S. E., Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 

Alric O. Colton, b. 1851 ; son of Frank and Submit (Has- 
kins), Colton. Educated in Cal. ; located in San Francisco. 

Hamlin Eastman, now in Nebraska. 

Andrew J. Hale, son of Stephen Hale; at Beatrice, Neb. 
(See Hale family). 

James J. Leary, h. July 22, 1871 ; son of Moses and Catherine 
(Cassidy) Leary. Educated at Johnson Normal and a law 
school in Boston ; is a judge at Turner's Falls, Mass. ; m. Mar- 
garet Moran of Amherst, Mass.; no children. (See Leary 
family) . 

Matthew G. Leary, brother of James; b. here May 5, 1873. 
Studied at Green Mountain Seminary, Waterbury Center ; taught 
school; studied law with C. F. Clough at Waterbury and with 
Farrington and Post, St. Albans ; admitted to bar 1899 ; practiced 
at Richmond till 1902, since in Burlington ; State's Attorney for 
County 1902-04; represented Burlington in Legislature 1908; 
secretary Democratic State Committee 1908; a Roman Catholic; 
past chancellor and present grand Knight, Knights of Columbus ; 



232 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

m. in 1905 Maude E: Gleason of Richmond; two children. (See 
Leary family). 

*Aaron Burr Maynard, b. Peru, Oct. 22, 1816; came here 
when a boy, fitted for college at Jericho Academy, entered U. 
V. M. in class of '40; taught select school at Comers; was ad- 
mitted to bar in '42; practiced in Richmond and Detroit, Mich; 
was U. S. District Attorney; m. Julia Edmunds, sister of Sen- 
ator Geo. F. Edmunds ; d. at Romeo, Mich., July 24, 1891. 

George N. Nay, h. Milton ; son of T. G. and Clara M. Nay 
(See Nay family). 

Cornelius S. Palmer- Born in Underbill, Nov. 2, 1844, son 
of Jonah Ferris and Chloe (Mead) Palmer. Educated at Un- 
derbill Academy. Admitted to Vermont Bar, 1870; read law 
with L. F. Wilbur; practiced law in Jericho previous to 1882; 
Sioux Falls, S. D., 1888-1901 ; 1904-1912 member of the law firm 
of Palmer and Foster, Burlington. Mr. Foster dying in the latter 
year, Mr. Palmer has continued his practice alone. He was 
States Attorney Chittenden County, 1876-7; represented Jericho 
in the Legislature, 1880; assistant U. S. attorney for Dakota 
Territory, 1882-4 ; associate justice of Supreme Court of Dakota, 
1884-8; member of State Senate, South Dakota, 1896-7; has been 
judge of the City Court, Burlington for five years and resides in 
that city. Judge Palmer was a private in Co. F, 13th Vt. In- 
fantry and was in the battles of Gettysburg, Fairfax Court House 
and Stuart's Raid in 1863. He m. in 1870 Annie R. Fassett of 
Jericho, who d., 1901. They had two children: Chloe E. (de- 
ceased) and Louie A. In 1905 he m. Mary K. Marshall of New 
York City. Judge Palmer is an eloquent speaker and a highly 
respected citizen. (See Palmer Family). 

*Bradley B. Smalley, b. here Nov. 26, 1836; son of Judge 
David A. Smalley. When four years old the family moved to 
Burlington ; studied law with his father and was admitted to the 
bar in 1863 ; from 1861 to 1885 clerk of U. S. Courts in Ver- 
mont; from 1885 to 1889 and again in 1893 Collector of Cus- 
toms ; in 1874 and 1878 representative for Burlington in the 
Legislature; member of Democratic National Committee from 
1873; and from 1876 member of National Executive Com- 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 233 

mittee; one of World's Fair Commissioners for Vermont; di- 
rector of Central Vt. R. R. for a time ; m. June 4, 1864, Caroline 
M., dau. of Hon. Carlos Baxter, of Burlington; five children; 
d. Nov. 6, 1909. 

Ralph Wilbur, b. 1879; son of L. F. and Mercy Jane Wil- 
bur; resides at Portland, Ore. (See Wilbur family). 



Chapter III. 

PHYSICIANS. 

These are either natives on residents here in early life. De- 
tails at hand in regard to some of them are meagre. 

*Bertrand J. Andrews, b. here Jan. 11, 1850; son of Samuel 

A. and Rachel M. (Woodruff) Andrews. Attended Bellows 
Free Academy, Fairfax, and Franklin Institute, Franklin. ; C. V. 
station agent at Bolton three years and at Richmond eleven years ; 
graduated U. V. M. medical '85 ; took post-graduate work in 
N. Y. '85-'86 and practiced in Richmond three years ; supt. Mary 
Fletcher hospital '89-1914 or 25 years and 7 months; became 
blind in 1905 ; was secretary and treasurer of the medical college 
'93-1905 ; m. Angie F. Baker of Northfield, Sept. 24, '89 ; one son, 

B. Fletcher; d. at the hospital Apr. 12, 1915. 

*Edwin W. Bartlett, b. here Dec. 20, 1839 ; son of Elias and 
Eliza (Wheelock) Bartlett and brother of Homer and Joel; in 
class of '65 at U. V. M., a non-graduate ; M. D. in '66 at U. V. 
M. Medical; studied in Europe '68-'69; practiced at Milwaukee, 
Wis. ; eye specialist ; professor in Milwaukee Medical College ; m. 
in 74 Helen F. Ball; five children; d. Sept. 11, 1913. 

*Homer L. Bartlett, b. here Oct. 17, 1830; older brother of 
Edwin W. ; attended academy at Bakersfield ; M. D. from College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, N. Y., '55, having also studied medi- 
cine elsewhere ; assistant in Kings County Hospital. In '56 fought 
yellow fever scourge at New Utrecht ; from '57 successful practi- 



234 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

tioner at Flatbush, L. I., consulting physician to Kings County 
Hospital ; specialist in contagious diseases ; public spirited citizen 
initiating enterprises; delegate from American Medical Society 
to Medical Congress in London 1881 ; prominent Mason and 
writer and lecturer on Masonry; author of "Sketches of Long 
Island"; in '59 m. Margaret L. Scott of Cooperstown, N. Y., 
who d. in 1876, leaving four children; in '88 m. Harriette F. 
Moore of Belfast, Ireland ; one daughter by this marriage, EHza 
L., 82 Lafayette Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. ; he d. Feb. 3, 1905. 

*Fred T. Bicknell, b. 1842; son of Nathaniel and Fanny 
(Thompson) Bicknell; moved with his parents to Wis. when a 
boy; enlisted in Co. A, 23rd Wis. Vols, and served through the 
war, participating in a score of battles, including Vicksburg; en- 
tered Univ. of Wis. in 1865 ; graduated Rush Medical College, 
Chicago in 1870; began practice at Neosho, Mo.; post-graduate 
course in N. Y. ; practiced at Panamint and Los Angeles, Cal., 
where he was a leader in his profession ; was one of the founders 
of Cal. Hospital; m., in 1872 Henrietta Cooper of Lake Mills, 
Wis., and after her death m. Carrie E. Fargo of Lake Mills ; one 
dau.; d. 1915. 

Rufus W. Bishop, b. Apr. 4, 1856; son of Daniel B. Bishop; 
graduated at U. V. M. '77 ; studied at Bonn, Vienna, Paris, Lon- 
don; took degree of M. D. at Berlin; professor at Northwestern 
University; then at Chicago Post-graduate Medical School; con- 
nected with St. Luke's Hospital, Chicago; has written medical 
monographs. 

George D. Buxton, b. Dec. 5, 1873; son of George C. and 
Martha A. (Conklin) Buxton ; attended Burlington Business Col- 
lege; bookkeeper and stenographer for Dr. W. Seward Webb at 
Shelburne nearly ten years ; graduated at U. V. M. medical, 1905 ; 
special course at N. Y. hospital; is practicing at Proctorsville ; 
member of county, state and American medical societies; health 
officer; m. June 14, 1906 Veronica Nichols of Burlington; one 
child living. ^ 

*Loren Chamberlain, h. here about 1840; son of Ezra and 
Lavina (Ford) Chamberlain; studied at U. V. M. Medical; prac- 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 235 

ticed in Richmond and d. there some thirty years ago ; m. Mrs. 
Josie (Rhodes) Jones; no children. 

Eli Edwin Graves, h. Sept. 9, 1847; son of Daniel H. and 
Lusetta R. (Nash) Graves; Essex Classical Institute; graduated 
U. V. M. Medical '68; practiced since in Boscawen and Pena- 
cook, N. H. ; physician at Merrimack Co. Almshouse 17 years ; 
necrologist of N. H. Medical Society many years; member of 
American Medical and other medical societies ; m. Dec. 18, 1872 
Martha A. Williams of Essex, Vt., two children living, one. Dr. 
Robert John, b. June 22, 1878, a graduate of Harvard 1900, and 
Harvard Medical 1904; is practicing in Concord, N. H. ; is m. 
and has three children ; the other, Katharine L. m. Henry C. Rolf 
and resides in Penacook. 

*Allen Hazen, b. May 12, 1867; son of Rev. Austin and 
Mary (Carleton) Hazen; fitted for college at Jericho Academy, 
Essex Classical Institute and Burlington High School ; graduated 
U. V. M. '88; taught in Cheshire, Mass., '88-'90; was with Berk- 
shire Life Insurance Co. '90-'92 ; graduated College of Physicians 
and Surgeons, N. Y. '95 ; physician at N. Y. City Hospital '9S-'96; 
practiced in N. Y. '97-'03 ; was medical inspector public schools 
'97; medical examiner with Mutual Life Insurance Co. '98-'03 ; d. 
Nov. 17, '03 ; unmarried. 

Robert Hazen, b. Dec. 2, 1872; brother of Allen just men- 
tioned ; fitted for college at Mt. Hermon, Mass. ; graduated U. V. 
M. '96, U. V. M. Medical '98 ; physician Boston City Hospital '98- 
'02; has practiced at Thomaston, Ct. 1902 to date; m. 1904, Helen 
C. Gates; two children. 

*Edward P. Howe, b. 1835 ; son of Dr. George and Mary 
P. Howe ; graduated at Albany Medical College ; practiced about 
ten years at Underbill Flats, then at the Corners; d. July 1; 1898. 

*Harmon G. Howe, b. Sept. 3, 1850; son of Lucien B. and 
and Clara (Galusha) Howe; practiced in Hartford, Ct., where 
he attained eminence in his profession; he was killed by a col- 
lision of trains at Stamford, Ct., June 12, 1913. (See Howe 
faniily). 



236 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Frederick Lucas Kingsbury. (See list of ministers). 

*Joseph Byron Kingsbury, b. in Braintree July 29, 1834 
came with his parents, Joseph and Eliza S. (Whitcomb) Kings 
bury, to Jericho when six years old ; engaged in farming at Ran 
dolph four years 1865-69, but, turning from that to medicine 
graduated at Dartmouth Medical in '71 ; post-graduate work a 
Harvard ; practiced at Holbrook, Mass., till his death, March 24 
1906; m. in 1859 Elizabeth Julia Eastman, dau. of Amos East 
man of Jericho ; four children : Mary, who m. Prof. Fred Lined] 
of Boston Conservatory of Music ; George Byron, who graduatet 
at Dartmouth 1889 and has the care of the commercial depart 
ment of the high school at Hartford, Ct. ; Albert Eastman, whi 
also graduated at Dartmouth in '89 ; and Nellie. 

Edward Stephen Lane, b. here Oct. 1, 1866; son of Edga 
H. and Ellen (Pierce) Lane; educated under Prof. Cilley and a 
Burlington High, Vermont Academy and U. V.M. Medical, wher 
he graduated in '92); has practiced at Bridgewater and now fol 
lows his profession at North Ferrisburg; m. Sept. 11, 1894 lol 
A. Mallory of North Ferrisburg, who d. April 29, 1914; thre 
children : Mabel Ellen, Edward Harold and Grace Marion. 

Patrick F. Leary, b. March 21, 1867; son of Moses ani 
Catherine (Cassidy) Leary ; graduated U. V. M. Medical in 1890 
in practice at Turner's Falls, Mass. ; m. Emma Batten of Tui 
ner's Falls; two children living. 

*George Lee Lyman, b. Feb. 23, 1818; son o-f Daniel Lyman 
graduated U. V. M. '41 ; taught in Burlington in '41, Hinesbur 
'44-'47 and '55-'56, Clarenceville, P. Q. '48-'49; in business J 
Charleston, S. C. '50; received M. D. from Pittsfield Medica 
School; practiced medicine '58 till death, which was in Jerichc 
June 4, 1863; gave master's oration; wrote article on Jericho fc 
Hemingway's Gazetteer. (See Lyman Family). . 

George B. Packard, b. May 9, 1852; son of Cyrus an 
Melissa Packard and brother of Seth M. of this town ; graduate^ 
U. V. M. Medical '74 ; engaged in hospital work ; practiced i 
Hartford, Ct., awhile, then went to Denver, Col., where he coi 
tinues medical work; m. June 6, 1883, Carrie Sanbome of Spring 



HISTORY OF JBRIOHO, VERMONT. 237 

field, N. Y. ; children : Robert G. and George B. Jr., both physi- 
cians, and Ruth E., graduate of Wellesley. 

Clifford A. Pease, b. July 8, 1874; son of Frank W. and 
Ellen M. Pease, Burlington High School; graduated U. V. M. 
Medical '99; house surgeon at Mary Fletcher Hospital 1900; 
post-graduate work at Vienna ; instructor in neurology and medi- 
cine U. V. M. ten years; now instructor in surgery; in practice 
in Burlington; attending surgeon to Mary Fletcher and Fanny 
Allen Hospitals ; division surgeon for Rutland R. R. Co. ; mem- 
ber of several lodges; m. in 1911 Mary S. Stranahan of St. 
Albans. 

D. J. Sheehan, b. Feb. 21, 1879 on the Bolger farm ; son of 
John and Nora Sheehan ; at the age of six moved with his parents 
to Craftsbury, where he afterward attended the academy; grad- 
uated St. Laurant College 1900; received M. D. from George- 
town Medical 1904 ; interne at Providence Hospital, Washington, 
D. C. 18 months; has since practiced in Lowell, Vt. 

Bingham H. Stone, b. Feb. 21, 1875 ; son of Isaac C. and 
Eliza (Bingham) Stone ; studied at Oberlin Academy ; graduated 
U. V. M. '97 and U. V. M. Medical '99 ; physician in Burlington ; 
State bacteriologist ; director of Laboratory.; pathologist for Mary 
Fletcher Hospital ; professor of bacteriology and pathology, U. V. 
M. ; m. March 25, 1899, Jean E. Nichols ; one daughter, Katharine. 

Jesse Thomson, b. Aug. 20, 1819; son of Jesse and Nancy 
(Humphrey) Thomson; studied at Castleton; gave most of his 
active life to farming at Morristown Corners ; since about 1890 
has resided with his son in Rutland; m. Mary Wheelock. (See 
Thomson Family). 

Jesse E. Thomson, b. here Nov. 22, 1853 ; son of Dr. Jesse 
and Mary (Wheelock) Thomson; attended U. V. M. and grad- 
uated from University of City of New York '78 ; practiced in 
Cabot and Jericho, and since '82 in Rutland ; address 101 Wales 
St. 



238 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Chapter IV. 

TEACHERS. 

This list is intended to include Jericho boys and girls who 
have become teachers and professors in the higher institutions, 
or who within recent date have served several years as teachers 
in common schools. Some who have taught awhile are spoken 
of in the lists of other professional men. 

Mary E. Adrien, dau. of Thomas and Ellen (Reddy) 
Adrien. Has taught 18 years in town, 20 in all. (See Reddy 
family). 

Florence E. Bicknell, dau. of G. Clinton and Adelia (Rice) 
Bicknell. Graduated at Burlington High School. Teacher in 
Chicago Latin School. Student in University of Chicago. 

*George Blackman, h. Nov., 1818, son of Pliny and Lucinda 
(Wheelock) Blackman; graduated U. V. M. 1838; degree of M. 
A. 1844; went south 1840; taught in New Orleans 1842-55; later 
in Miss.; in San Francisco in '75 and in Pearlington, Miss., 
where he d. Mar. 22, '82. 

Dessa C. Bolger, dau. of Luke B. and Kate (Leary) Bolger. 
Graduated Jericho High School 1908 and Johnson Normal 
School 1909; teacher in primary room, Jericho Center Graded 
School. 

Helen Bolger, dau. of Luke B. and Kate (Leary) Bolger. 
Graduated Johnson Normal School 1905 ; teacher in grammar 
room, Jericho Center Graded School. 

Lynn A. Brown, son of Oliver and Ellen (Williams) 
Brown. Graduated Oswego Normal 1903; has taught in town; 
is now teaching in Conn. School for Boys, Meriden, Conn. 

*Buel Clifton Day, b. April 17, 1867 ; son of Buel H. and 
Mary B. Day. Fitted for college at St. Johnsbury; graduated 
U. V. M. '88; principal Craftsbury Academy '88-'91; student at 
Columbia Univ. '91-'92 ; assistant secretary Vt. Senate '92 ; sup't. 
Easthampton, Mass., schools, '92-'96; at Berlin and Jena '96-'97; 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 239 

sup't. Boston Parental School '98; conducted sanatorium in 
Colorado; d. Mar. 30, 1910. ()See Day family). 

Josephine Fay, dau. of Ellery C. and Louise Wright (Fay). 
Graduated Burlington High School, also attended Salem, Mass. 
Normal; teacher at Essex Junction; m. Archie Rugg 1915. 

Anna Fitzsimonds, dau. of John and Sarah Fitzsimonds. 
Graduated Burlington High '05 ; teacher at Stowe. 

Grace Fitzsimonds, sister of Anna just mentioned. Grad- 
uated Randolph Normal, '06 ; teacher in Burlington ; m. Thomas 
Moran 1915. 

Mrs. Jennie W. Hart, attended Mt. Holyoke two years; 
taught Essex Classical Institute four years; Milledgeville, Ga., 
one year ; Vergennes one year ; Burlington High two years ; three 
terms at district school and two terms at select school, Jericho ; m. 
Hiram S. Hart in 1871 and after his death in 1884 she took a 
course in nursing and followed that occupation ; taught in Straight 
View Univ. New Orleans in '91. Has since resided in Jericho; 
librarian of town library and a public spirited citizen. (See 
Warner family) . 

Chauncey H. Hay den. (See Hayden family). 

Tracy E. Hazen, b. July 4, 1874; son of Rev. Austin and 
Mary J. (Carleton) Hazen. Fitted for college at Mt. Hermon, 
Mass.; graduated U. V. M. 1897; student at Columbia 1897- 
1900, receiving A. M. there in '99 and Ph. D. in 1900, holding 
University Fellowship in Botany 1898-1900; curator Fairbanks 
Museum, St. Johnsbury 1900-01, assistant in Botany Barnard 
College, Columbia Univ. 1902-03; tutor in Botany 1903-06; as- 
sociate professor. 

Mrs. Maud H. Hoskins, dau. of Henry C. and Ella (Green) 
Hurlburt. Graduated Johnson Normal 1902; taught in town; 
wife of Edward W. Hoskins; is county sup't. of schools at Castle 
Rock, Colorado. 

George Byron Kingsbury, b. May 29, 1863 ; son of Dr. 
Joseph Byron and Elizabeth (Eastman) Kingsbury. Gradu- 
ated Thayer Academy, Braintree, Mass., '85; and Dartmouth 



240 HISTORY OF JERICHO. VERMONT. 

College, '89 ; M. A. in '92 ; taught four years at Wesleyan Acai 
emy, Wilbraham, Mass.; head of commercial department ( 
High School, Brockton, Mass., and principal of evening scho 
there. Since 1906 head of commercial dep't. in High Schoc 
Hartford, Conn. ; in '96 m. Edith H. Leonard of Brockton, Mas 

*Jedediah Lane, Jr., h. at Salisbury, Conn., Dec. 10, 1761 
son of Jedediah Lane, one of the first settlers and Phel 
(Stephens) Lane; first college graduate from Jericho. Gradi 
ated Dartmouth 1794 ; began to read law, but infirm health droi 
him into mercantile pursuits; from this he turned to successfi 
teaching; m. Betsey Post in 1800; d. Feb. 2, 1849. 

Mrs. Ellen W. Mann, dau. of Edward S. and Harrii 
(Kingsbury) Whitcomb. Taught in Jericho, Underbill ar 
Williston; m. Warren Mann, a merchant in Randolph; tw 
dau.; has been sup't. of schools here. Resides in Huntingtoi 
L. I. 

Mrs. Mary Leary Maurice, dau. of Moses and Catherir 
(Cassidy) Leary. Taught in town; m. Walter Maurice. Ri 
sides in White Plains, N. Y. 

Mrs. Evaline (Ford) Nealy, dau. of Addison M. and Jul 
(Mansfield) Ford; m. Irvin M. Nealy 1906. Has taught I 
terms. (See Ford family). 

Mrs. Lena (Whitton) Rice, dau. of John P. and Evalir 
(Pease) Whitton; m. L. C. Rice 1898. Teaches at the Comer 
(See Whitton family). 

Emma Luella (Lane) Votey, b. Aug. 13, 1860. Fitted f( 
college at Burlington High; entered class of '83 U. V. M., r 
maining two years; studied music in N. Y. and Burlington '& 
'85. Taught music; m. Prof. J. W. Votey of U. V. M. 

*Byron Olin White, b. July 17, 1848. Fitted for collej 
at Essex; graduated U. V. M. '73; Prof, of Natural Scien( 
Dickinson Seminary, Pa., and Western College, lo. ; ass't. chen 
ist Vt. Experiment Station 15 years; to Whittier, Cal. 1905; 
there July 20, 1909. 




Pbop. Joseph S. Cilley. 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 241 

PROF. JOSEPH S. CILLEY. 
By H. B. Chittenden. 

Among the names of leading citizens of Jericho that of 
Joseph S. Cilley stands out prominently. He was born in Hop- 
kinton, N. H., in Dec, 1815. When Joseph was a small boy, his 
father removed to Jericho, Vt., and settled on a small farm on 
Lee River, where he spent his boyhood with but few educational 
advantages. He spent his days following the plow and perform- 
ing the other duties incident to farm life, and his evenings, often 
far into the night, in studying mathematics, and Latin and 
Greek, and without an instructor he thoroughly mastered algebra, 
geometry, and all of the Latin and Greek required for admission 
to any of the New England Colleges, and the thoroughness of 
his work is attested by the high standing of the students he sent 
to Yale and other colleges. His early ambition was to become 
a lawyer, and, in order to obtain means, he commenced teaching 
while quite young. When he was 24 years of age he married 
Albina Crane, which step probably changed the whole course 
of his life. Not long after his marriage he went to Ohio, where 
he taught for a short time, intending to study law later, but 
finally decided to return to Vermont and make teaching his life 
work. For a time he with the assistance of his wife taught a 
select school in a house formerly occupied by Joseph Kingsbury. 
Here was laid the foundation- of what was afterwards called 
Underbill Academy. He remained in Underbill until 1852 when 
he went to Underbill Center, where he taught successfully for 
five years, the school at times numbering over 120 pupils. In 1858 
he was called to Williston as principal of the academy there, 
which position he successfully filled for ten years, building up a 
large school and fitting students for nearly all of the New 
England Colleges. While he was in Williston the University 
of Vermont gave him the honorary degree of A. M., in recogni- 
tion of the valuable work he was doing in the preparation of 
students for college. 

In 1868 he was called to Brandon as the first principal of 
their graded school. After thoroughly grading the school he 
remained as its principal for some ten years, there doing perhaps 



242 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

some of the best work of his life. After leaving Brandon, h 
returned to Jericho, the home of his boyhood, and purchased 
pleasant home, intending to retire from his chosen professior 
But after a few months he tired of his life of ease, and cor 
ducted a private school in his own house for several years, thu 
ending his work where he had begun, in a private school. Her 
many grandchildren of the pupils of his. earlier days came t 
get the benefit of his large experience and his vigorous but salv 
tary discipline. 

Mr. Cilley was a man of rugged character and strong wil 
a veritable Puritan in his characteristics, but under a somewhs 
austere and stern manner was a tender and lovable nature, an 
to those who knew him best he was a most enjoyable companio 
and friend. For several years he was president of the Chittende 
County Teachers' Association of which he was one of th 
founders. Under his leadership the association did exceller 
work in giving to the teachers of the county a higher conceptio 
of the teacher's vocation. His addresses at the meetings of th 
association were always strong and inspiring. As an educate 
Mr. Cilley ranked among the first in the State and in length c 
service surpassed all of his associates in his profession, havin 
taught continuously for over 60 years. A fitting close to th 
brief story of Mr. Cilley's life are the closing words of his obitt 
ary, written by the Rev. A. D. Barber, a long time friend, "A 
active brain and sturdy body kept him at his chosen professio 
until his last year, and a well spent, honored life was his rewai 
on earth." "He had faults as do we all, but no one will gainsa 
our words, when we say a strong grand character, and a goo 
citizen has gone home, who always used his teachership as 
sacred trust, a high commission from Heaven." 



Chapter V. 

CIVIL ENGINEERS. 

Don L. Galusha, b. Nov. 17, 1881 ; son of Rufus B. and Myi 
(Wilson) Galusha. Graduated at Vermont Academy 1900 ai 
at Mass. Institute of Technology 1904. An electrical engine 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 243 

connected with the Stone and Webster Corporation, Boston, since 
1906. 

Hobart Hamilton, b. June 26, 1831 ; son of J. H. Hamilton, 
graduated U. V. M. 1853. Civil engineer with C, B. and Q. 
R. R. 'SS-'Se; editor at Peoria, 111., '58-'63; first lieut. 102d 111. 
Vols. '63-'65; county clerk '66-'69; master in chancery '67-74; 
chief engineer S. and N. W. R. R. 70-73 ; chief engineer drain- 
age system Mason Co., 111. '85. Address Petersburg, 111. 

Don C. Hawley, b. at Cambridge, Vt., Oct. 12, 1866 ; son of 
Ira and Carrie (Wheelock ) Hawley; moved to Jericho in 1876. 
Graduated Goddard Seminary '87 and U. V. M. '91 ; with Vt. 
Marble Co. at Proctor and had charge of their exhibit at World's 
Fair; since with a construction company, now called the Fiske 
Carter, whose headquarters are at Worcester, Mass., as civil 
engineer; located at Charleston, S. C. ; has erected mills and 
houses in the South ; m. Nov. 5, '04, Albertine Soule, of Fairfield, 
Vt. 

Vinson K. Nash, b. here Jan. 13, 1847 ; son of Daniel C. and 
Nancy M. (Kennedy) Nash. Studied at Essex Classical In- 
stitute and Hyde Park ; technical education at Worcester, Mass., 
mining technical education in Pacific Chemical Works, San Fran- 
cisco; work as salaried engineer began in 1869; was four years 
assistant in an engineering firm in Worcester ; four years in city 
engineer's office of that city in charge of construction of sewer 
system at first and tl^en of streets and parks,; one year engaged 
in construction work upon Hospital for the Insane at Quin- 
sigamond Lake; six years in charge of department of railroad 
construction of a large firm, building new lines, double tracking 
old lines, rebuilding bridges, etc., preparatory to the introduction 
of heavier rolling stock on the N. Y., N. H. & H. R. R. ; one 
year locating and constructing engineer on the Rock Island sys- 
tem, building that road from main line in Minn, through N. W. 
Iowa to Sioux Falls, S. D. ; since 1886, excepting one year resi- 
dent engineer for the D. & H. C. Co. rebuilding their line from 
Plattsburgh to Lake Placid, has been in business for himself as 
designing, constructing and contracting engineer on work all over 
the country; some of his Vt. works are Winooski sewer, Essex 



244 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Junction water supply, Barre and Montpelier Electric R. I 
Springfield Electric R. R., Bellows Falls and Saxtons River Ele 
trie R. R. ; has been chief engineer of about 1,000 miles of railroj 
work, about 15 electric lines, 40 reservoirs, besides bridges, buil( 
ings, sewer systems, water supplies, etc. ; was contractor for tl 
largest Boston reservoir; also for foundation of Providen( 
terminal station on N. Y., N. H. & H. R. R. ; during the contrac 
ing period he had his own granite quarries and did everythir 
from start to finish; as mining engineer has examined and r 
ported upon 2,000 claims, gold, silver, copper and lead prop( 
sitions mostly ; m ( 1 ) Ada S. Humphrey of Underhill, Mar. 1 
1871, who d. Mar. 30, 1872; one son, Curtis H., b. Mar. 1, 187 
a contracting irrigating well developer in Strathmore, Cal ; m. (2 
Emma L. Guild of Boston, Nov. 10, 1877, who d. Dec. 9, 188^ 
three children : Charles G., b. Oct. 22, 1878, assistant to the chi« 
engineer of S. P. R. R. Co., Portland, Ore. ; John H., b. Jul 
26, 1880, sup't. of machine shop, Vergennes, Vt. ; Ruth A., 1 
June 26, 1882, graduate nurse Visalia, Cal. ; m. (3) Annie 
Aiken, of Woonsocket, R. I., Apr. 13, 1887. Present address 
Portersville, Cal. 

HORTICULTURIST. 

George H. Howe, b. Feb. 9, 1888; son of Fred W. and Clai 
(Collins) Howe. Graduated High School Proctor, 19W 
graduated U. V. M. Agr. Dept., 1910; ass't horticulturist at > 
Y. Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, N. Y. 



Chapter VI. 
MISCELLANEOUS. 

LIST OF GRADUATES OF THE UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT 
BORN IN JERICHO. 

The following list of such is intended to be complete. Fc 
particulars of those who became clergymen, lawyers, physician 
teachers or engineers, the reader is referred to the lists of sucl 
The order followed is that of class years. 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 245 

*Thomas Chittenden 1809; lawyer. 
*Rev. Samuel Lee 1831 ; clergyman. 

* George Blackburn 1838; teacher. 
*George L. Lyman 1841 ; physician. 

* James Smedley Blackburn 1844; b. July 23, 1819; brother 
of George. Taught in public schools. New Orleans; police of- 
ficer N. Y. City ; flour and grain merchant ; d. East Orange, N. J., 
July 24, 1891. 

Hobart Hamilton 1853 ; engineer. 

Washington Spencer Cilley 1867; lawyer. 

*Henry Homer Douglass 1870; b. Dec. 2, 1846. Manager 
Minneapolis Mill Company; d. Jan. 10, 1877. 

*Byron Olin White 1873 ; teacher. 

Louis Shaw 1874; b. Mar. 29, 1851. Ass't. manager Mich. 
Central R. R., Niles, Mich. 

Rufus W. Bishop 1877; physician. 

*Jed Samutel Lane 1886 ; b. Feb. 8, 1865. Railway engineer 
in Wis. and Tenn. ; manager lumber business ; d. Murphy, N. C, 
Aug. 2, 1890. 

Earl M. Wilbur 1886; clergyman. 

*Buel C. Day 1888 ; teacher. 

Carleton Hazen 1888; clergyman. 

*Allen Hazen 1888 ; physician. 

Frank W. Hazen 1890; clergyman. 

William Hazen 1893; clergyman. 

Robert Hazen 1896; physician. 

Tracy E. Hazen 1897 ; teacher. 

Bingham H. Stone 1897 ; physician. 
17 



246 HISTORY OF JERICHO. VERMONT. 

Theodore B. Williams 1909. In business at Jericho. 

Olive L. (Hayden) Janes 1910; m. Donald M. Janes of 
Richford, Oct. 8, 1914. 

George H. Howe 1910; horticulturist. 

Hovey Jordan 1912; post-graduate student at Harvard. 

THE FOLLOWING LIST OF STUDENTS WHO 

ENTERED U. V. M. BUT DID NOT 

GRADUATE IS APPENDED. 

*Samuel Augustus Lee 1835. 

*Edwin Blackman 1837; b. 1814. Merchant; settled early 
in Chicago; real estate business; d. in Chicago. 

* Albert Clark Spalding 1841 ; b. 1823. Merchant; d. at So. 
Orange, Mass., Aug. 31, 1847. 

*Henry A. Smalley 1853; b. Feb. 28, 1834; son of Judge 
David A. At West Point, '50-'53 ; Col. 5th Vt. Vols. ; captain 
2nd artillery, U. S. A. ; d. N. Y., May 13, 1888. 

George Parmalee Ranslow 1856; b. Aug. 12, 1832. Mer- 
chant and farmer; in 1st Iqwa Vol. cavalry. 

*Edwin W. Bartlett 1865 ; physician. 

Chauncey Langdon Church 1865; b. Feb. 28, 1841. Private 
2d Vt. Vol.; killed in action at Banks' Ford, May 4, 1863. 

Emma L. (Lane) Votey 1883 ; teacher. 

Charles Edwin Douglas 1886 ; b. Sept. 12, 1859. In Texas. 

Don C. Hawley 1891 ; civil engineer. 

Ernest James Spalding 1892 ; b. Dec. 30, 1868. Wholesale 
grocer, Burlington. 

Rolla Williams Brown 1906. 

Marjory A. Hayden 1916. 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 247 

THE FOLLOWING YOUNG PEOPLE OF JERICHO ARE 
AT PRESENT IN U. V. M. : 

Helen M. Chapin 1917. 

Reginald G. Hawley 1917. 

Chauncey Harold Hay den 1917. 

Coletta Barrett 1918. 

Mildred M. Chapin 1918. 

Wendell J. Hayden 1918. 

Robert Casey 1919. 

Lloyd Hulburd 1919. 

Ina Irish 1919. 

Wilhelm Schillhammer 1919. 

THE FOLLOWING ARE AT MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE: 

Clara P. Barnum 1917. 

Carl H. Moulton 1917. 

THE FOLLOWING ARE KNOWN TO HAVE 
GRADUATED FROM DARTMOUTH : 

*Jedediah Lane, Jr. 1794; teacher. 
Frederick L. Kingsbury 1875; clergyman. 
*Stephen G. Emerson 1887; clergyman. 
George Byron Kingsbury 1889; teacher. 

THE FOLLOWING ARE KNOWN TO HAVE 
GRADUATED FROM MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE: 

*Heman Rood 1819; clergyman. 
*Calvm Butler 1824 ; clergyman. 
*Anson Rood 1825 ; clergyman. 



248 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

*Eugene J. Ranslow 1866 ; clergyman. 

Alice W. Barnum 1912 ; teacher. Resides at Jericho Center 

Blanche Bostwick 1912; teacher; m. Nov. '14, Dr. Clarence 
A. Bonner. Resides at Skinner, Me. 

GRADUATE OF MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF 
TECHNOLOGY: 

Don L. Galusha 1914 ; civil engineer. 

THE FOLLOWING ARE KNOWN TO HAVE 
GRADUATED FROM MT. HOLYOKE COLLEGE: 

Anna E. Warner 1869; clerk Treasury Dep't., Washington, 
D. C, 71 -'82. Resides at Jericho Center. 

Maria B. Humphrey 1874; m. Lucius R. Hazen; five chil- 
dren. Resides at Middletown, Ct. 

NON-GRADUATES OF MT. HOLYOKE: 

*Mary A. Elliot 1854; d. at Jericho, April 3, 1870. 

*Almira F. Elliot 1862; m. Rev. Austin Hazen 1881; d. 
at Montpelier Oct. 26, 1899. 

Jennie G. Warner 1862 ; m. *Hiram S. Hart 1871 ; teacher, 
nurse, librarian ; one dau. who died at three years of age. Re- 
sides at Jericho Center. 

Harriette R. Hovey 1880 ; m. *Charles F. Higgins 1892 ; mu- 
sic teacher; social worker; one son who died at three years of 
age. Resides at Jericho Center. 

GRADUATE OF VASSAR COLLEGE: 

Ora Wilson Galusha 1906; has done secretarial work with 
the Economic Club of Boston and the New England Tel. & Tel. 
Co. Resides at Winchester, Mass. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERIMONT. 249 

SKETCHES OF THE PHYSICIANS AT PRESENT 
IN TOWN: 

A. F. Burdick, practitioner for forty years in Underbill and 
Jericho. See genealogy. 

Merritt O. Eddy, b. in Townsbend, Feb. 26, 1877; son of 
Willard H. and Mary (Lakin) Eddy. Graduated Leland and 
Gray Seminary, '96, and Tufts Medical 1905. Practiced in 
Readsboro five years and in 1911 purchased tbe practice of Dr. 
H. D. Hopkins; m. in 1904 Mildred D. Hooper of Wakefield, 
Mass. ; two children. 

George B. Hulburd, b. in Waterville, Feb. 6, 1862; son of 
Benjamin F. and Juliana (Miller). Hulburd. Attended Lamoille 
Central Academy; graduated U. V. M. Medical '85. In '90 took 
course in N. Y. Post-Graduate Medical School,- practiced in 
Waterville and in 18^ located in Jericho, where for over twenty 
years he has followed his profession ; m. in 1886 Anna L. Patch 
of Johnson, who d. May 31, '87; m. July 11, '92, Mary E. Flagg, 
dau. of Dr. R. L. Flagg of Jeffersonville ; one son Lloyd F., b. 
Oct. 9, 1896, and is now in U. V. M.; health officer since 1903; 
has served on board of Visiting Physicians and on board of Con- 
sulting Surgeons at the Mary Fletcher Hospital. 

Frank B. Hunt, b. in Fairfax, Sept. 27, 1885; son of Ira 
E. and Charlotte (Ballard) Hunt. Studied at New Hampton 
Institute in Fairfax, Vermont Academy one year, and Bellows 
Free Academy, Fairfax, graduating in 1906;. three years at U. 
V. M. ; graduated U. V. M. Medical 1913; course in a Boston 
Hospital; began practice at the Flats Oct., 1913; m. June 23, 
1914, Katherine L. Boughton of Easton, N. Y. 

W. Scott Nay, b. in Milton Dec. 12, 1850. (See Nay fam- 
ily). 



250 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Chapter VII. 

THE HIGHER SCHOOLS OF THE TOWN. 
JERICHO ACADEMY. 

The reader is referred to Mr. Wilbur's historical account 
and also to his Charter Day address, both in this volume, for the 
progress of education in town and for valuable notes upon the 
old Jericho Academy. But it seems well to present by itself 
for the sake of fuller knowledge and reference some material in 
regard to the academy which has been published elsewhere. 

The academy building itself, located on the south side of 
the park at the Center and now used by the Congregational 
Church undo- the name of a parish house, Mr. Wilbur tells us 
was erected m 1825. It was not till March, 1827, that the school 
was successfully operated. Under the management of Simeon 
Bicknell it became the best in this part of the state. 

Dr. George Lee Lyman in Hemewway's Gazetteer gives the 
following estimate of this teacher: 

"Rev. Simeon Bicknell, A. M., educated at Dartmouth Col- 
lege, was many years a teacher of the old stamp, nearest to my 
idea of the celebrated masters of the great English schools. A 
scholar must obey implicitly, and learn all it was reasonable to 
ask of him, or emigrate — no half-way measures. He did not 
think it reasonable to ask us little boys to learn much. 

Mr. Bicknell was very much afflicted with sick headaches, 
sometimes so severely as to disqualify him for business for a 
fortnight. This had a great effect upon his temper, discourag- 
ing him generally and making him restless and discontented with 
what he was doing. He taught Jericho Academy five years 
with rapidly increasing popularity, when, tempted by more bril- 
liant promises, he removed to Malone, N. Y. The disastrous 
consequences of his headache followed him, year to year, from 
one change to another, till in 1844 he went to Wisconsin to find 
a home for his growing family. After being employed sometime 
surveying, again becoming discouraged, he came to Milwaukee 
on his way to the East. Hon. William A. Prentiss, who had 
also been a Jericho man, meeting him and learning his discourage- 







The Old Academy, Jericho Centeb and the New 
High School Building. 



252 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

presence of Him to whom in the presence of his school he daily 
offered his morning prayer. 

"My third and last teacher at the academy was Mr. James 
T. Foster, a kind, pleasant man, and a good teacher. Under his 
management the school prospered, though there seemed to be less 
interest and enthusiasm than before. After his retirement there 
was but little permanence in instruction at the academy, and the 
interest of former days began to decline. Frequent change of 
teachers, and want of vim in some of them, made the decline so 
positive that even the return of Mr. Bicknell, the first able prin- 
cipal, failed to restore the ancient fame of the academy. Though 
he was the same able and efficient teacher, and in a measure suc- 
cessful, the decline continued after his short stay, and continuing 
still through years of struggle for life, death followed." 

The catalogues of the time were printed, poster fashion, 
upon a single sheet. That for the fall term, ending" Nov. 27, 
1835, gives a formidable board of trustees consisting of 22 gentle- 
men, headed by Rev. Simeon Parmelee, Westford. John Boynton, 
A. B., was principal; Amasa M. Brown and Orville Wiggins, 
assistant pupils. I transcribe the names of the students: 

LADIES. 

Mary Ann Adams, Jericho 

Eliza Ann Blackman Jericho 

Caroline French Belmont, N. Y. 

Charlotte B. Gibbs , Jericho 

Fidelia U. Graves Jericho 

Lydia Griffin Jericho 

Mary E. Hale Jericho 

Esther Howe Westford 

Charlotte A. Parmelee Westford 

Adaline H. Parmelee Westford 

Martha M. Reed Jericho 

Mary Reed Jericho 

Charlotte L. Rockwood Jericho 

Hannah M. Richardson Jericho 

Caroline Richardson Jericho 

Matilda Wells Underbill 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERlMONT. 253 

Mary Ann Stiles Jericho 

Electa Terrill .Underbill 

Almira B. Whitten . , Jericho 

GENTLEMEN. 

Lovatus C. Allen Richmond 

Ferdinand Beach Westford 

*Almon Benson Jericho 

John Blackman Jericho 

Chester A. Blake Milton 

Wells Blackman Jericho 

*Amasa M. Brown Essex 

Milo H. Chapin Jericho 

♦Joseph S. Cilley Underhill 

Silas B. Day Jericho 

Gilvin Earle Westford 

♦Jonathan W. Earle Westford 

Heman R. Gibbs Westford 

*Sanf ord Halbert Essex 

George L. Howe Jericho 

James Humphrey Jericho 

♦Nelson L. Janes Berkshire 

♦John A. Kasson Charlotte 

Robert G. Keniston Jericho 

Lucius L. Lane Jericho 

♦William G. Lacey Wheatland, N. Y. 

Daniel B. Lee Jericho 

Wallace E. Munson Colchester 

Horace W. Parmelee Westford 

Horace Reed Jericho 

George Rich Charlotte 

Sumner Rockwood Jericho 

Samuel Rice Westford 

Francis M. Rublee Berkshire 

♦Paraclete Sheldon Underhill 

Thomas N. Skinner Stockholm, N. Y. 

Chauncey C. Skinner Jericho 

♦Albert C. Spaulding Jericho 



254 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Horace R. Stebbins Jericho 

* John G. K. Truair, Cambridge 

Thomas S. Truair Cambridge 

♦Lester Warren Fletcher 

Torrey E. Wales Westford 

*Orville Wiggins Essex 

Kendal Williams Richmond 

John Williams < Richmond 

DeForest Weed Sheldon 

Ladies, 19. — gentlemen 42. — *In languages 14. — ^Total 61. 

Expenses — Tuition for common English branches, $3.00 per 
quarter. 

Tuition in the Languages, $3.50 per quarter. 

"The winter term of this academy will commence December 
7. — Spring term, March 14, summer term, June 6. The Trustees 
of this institution feel gratified in being able to give so flattering 
an account of the situation of the school, and would assure the 
jpublic that no exertions on their part will be spared to maintain 
its usefulness and reputation. 

"In addition to the usual advantages enjoyed in schools of 
this nature, there is connected with this institution a library, 
amply sufficient to supply all students with text-books at a trifling 
expense. 

"It is desirable that those who intend to become members of 
the school the next term, should enter at the commencement, as 
classes in the principal branches taught will then be organized, 
and those who enter afterwards will be expected to join classes 
already formed. 

"Board may be obtained in good families, including room, 
washing, lights, etc. from $1.00 to $1.25 per week. 

"The retirement of this institution from scenes of dissipa- 
tion and vice render it a desirable resort for those whose object 
is improvement." 

The catalogue for the term beginning Sept. 5, 1836, names 
James T. Foster, A. B., principal. The number of students was 
85, of whom but 13 attended the year before. Their names fol- 
low: 



HISTORY OP JERICJHO, VERMONT. 255 

LADIES. 

Betsey M. Bartlet Jericho 

Lucinda Bartlet .Jericho 

Maria Barber Jericho 

Eliza A. Blackman Jericho 

Mary J. Blackman Jericho 

Sarah C. Bostwick .Underhill 

Maria S. Buckley Cambridge 

Lucy Crane Jericho 

Laura S. Chapin Jericho 

Lydia I. Galusha Jericho 

Charlotte B. Gibbs Jericho 

Lorain GrifHn Jericho 

Lydia Griffin Jericho 

Frances Hamilton Jericho 

Delana Hard Jericho 

Sarah Hutchinson Jericho 

M. W. Hyde Waitsfield 

Hannah M. Jackson Westf ord 

Anna Johnson Jericho 

Julia S. Kellogg Jericho 

Melissa Lane Jericho 

Lucretia W. Lee Jericho 

Charlotte Lyman Jericho 

Emily Marsh .Jericho 

Lydia Nash Jericho 

Jane Parker Cambridge 

Fanny Prouty Jericho 

M^ry Reed Jericho 

Caroline Richardson .Jericho 

Rosantha Rockwood Jericho 

Lavilla Stiles Jericho 

Sarah S. Stiles Jericho 

Aurora S. Tomlinson Richmond 

Harriet M. Warner Cambridge 

GENTLEMEN. 

Lorenzo Allis Colchester 

♦Pliny F. Barnard Waitsfield 



256 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

*Orlo Barnard Waitsfield 

Joel B. Bartlet Jericho 

James S. Blackman Jericho 

Charles Blackman Jericho 

John W. Blackman Jericho 

Selim F. Blackman Jericho 

Wells Blackman Jericho 

Henry Brownell Colchester 

*S. Chamberlain Underhill 

*Rufus Childs Waitsfield 

Andrew C. Cummins , Berkshire 

Thomas Chittenden Jericho 

Edwin R. Crane Jericho 

♦Joseph S. Cilley Underhill 

Hosea Douglas Richmond 

Henry Douglas Jericho 

Cassius Douglas Jericho 

Wm. Frink Underhill 

Elisha Ford Underhill 

Bradley Fullington Cambridge 

Rollin M. Galusha Jericho 

Wm. N. Hodgins Grand Isle 

James Humphrey Jericho 

Wm. Jemerson Cataraugus, N. Y. 

Edward Johnson Jericho 

Sylvanus H. Kellogg Jericho 

Asa Lane Jericho 

Lucius L. Lane Jericho 

Edgar Lane Jericho 

D. *B. Lee Jericho 

Seymour Lyman Jericho 

Charles H. Lyman Jericho 

John Messenger Jericho 

Myron Messenger .Jericho 

Ansel Nash .Jericho 

*S. N. Parmelee Fairfax 

Benj. Parker Underhill 

James Reed Jericho 

Horace Reed Jericho 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 257 

John L. Richardson Jericho 

Martin Richardson Jericho 

Edwin Rood Jericho 

L. ( ?) W. Rockwood Jericho 

♦Albert C. Spaulding Jericho 

Chauncey C. Skinner Jericho 

*Earl Smilie Jericho 

Francis Smilie Jericho 

John Terrell Jericho 

Robert Tarbox Jericho 

Ladies, 34. — gentlemen, 51. — *In languages 8. — Total 85. 

Rev. Edwin F. Wheelock stated in his remarks at the church 
centennial that he came to Jericho Center in the fall of 1845 as a 
teacher in the academy, though Dr. Lyman says it became ex- 
tinct in that year. 

SELECT SCHOOLS. 

Select schools, as they were called, were conducted by var- 
ious teachers after the close of the academy in the building which 
it had occupied. These were not under the supervision of the 
town school superintendent or supported by the town, but stu- 
dents paid the expenses. The editor has not learned when they 
were begim, but finds that in 1856 William Trumbull Lee was 
teacher. There were at times about thirty young people under 
instruction. George Kennedy taught about 1857, his sister Betsey, 
being assistant. Frank A. Chapin and Chauncey L. Church, who 
was killed in the war in 1863, have been mentioned as instructors. 
Warren Mooney served in the fall of 1864. Henry Wade, Rev. 
Austin Hazen, Fred S. Piatt, now clerk of U. S. Court at Rut- 
land, in 1875, Judson Jenkins, George Henderson, Mrs. S. N. 
Brownell, Mrs. Jennie W. Hart two terms in '80-'81, Emma 
Lane now Mrs. J. W. Votey, Frank E. Garvin in '86-'87 and 
Miss Frances B. Hill in '89-'90, are reported by diflferent per- 
sons and taught approximately in the order given. 

At the Corners Prof. J. S. Cilley in '82-'83, was conducting 
a flourishing select school with fifty scholars, and continued this 
work for several years. 



258 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

. JERICHO HIGH SCHOOL. 

By Mrs. J. W. Hart and S. H. Barnum. 

In 1905 a considerable number of young people, being de- 
sirous of attending a high school, were going out of town for 
that purpose and were drawing according to law so much tuition 
money from the town that the idea of establishing a high school 
in Jericho was strongly agitated. It became warmly advocated 
and strenuously opposed. Mrs. Ellen H. Mann, a former super- 
intendent, had advocated it in her school report of 1903. Miss 
Alice A. Flagg superintendent, F. G. Pease, F. D. McGinnis and 
L. C. Stevens school directors, were prominent in behalf of the 
movement. It was decided that a school should be opened, and 
that it should be located in the school building at the Center upon 
the second floor, which had been used for a hall. In September 
of 1905, the school was opened with Stanley B. Harkness of 
Chicago, a graduate of Oberlin, as principal, and with 14 or 15 
pupils. These were allowed their choice among three college 
preparatory courses, viz. : the Classical, Latin-Scientific and Eng- 
Hsh. 

During the second year, Mrs. Ellen H. Mann, who was again 
superintendent, said in her report: "As to the high school, it has 
proved, under the thorough and systematic tutorship of Princi- 
pal Harkness, a success in attainment if not in numbers. . The 
pupils of this department have made as proficient and satisfactory 
progress as could be made in high grade schools elsewhere." 

In September, 1907, the high school opened with 17 pupils 
under Miss Maude M. Tucker, a graduate of Middlebury Col- 
lege. The addition of a course in book-keeping seemed to meet 
the wants of some of the pupils, especially the boys, who were 
not hungering for a knowledge of English literature and the 
languages, and it made the school more popular with such. Mrs. 
Mann speaks of Miss Tucker's eminent qualifications, pleasing 
personality and unbounded enthusiasm as having more than 
realized the ambition of the friends of the school. Mrs. Mann 
regrets the lack of support and enthusiasm from the town. 

The first class to graduate was the class of 1908, which 
numbered five: Dessa Bolger, Blanche B. Bostwicsk, Loraine H. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO. VERMONT. 259 

Ransom, Frank B. Brown and Hovey Jordan. Two of these 
later completed a Normal School course, one graduated at Mid- 
dlebury College, one at U. V. M., and one after a course in a 
Burlington Business College became a prosperous farmer in 
town. The graduating exercises were held in the Congregational 
Church in June and addresses were made by Congressman D. J. 
Foster and State Superintendent Mason S. Stone. 

In 1909 the school increased in numbers and Miss Mary 
Moran was employed as assistant. As graduation time ap- 
proached but one pupil was ready, Bert E. Bliss, but by reason 
of his scholarly attainments and enthusiastic spirit he was a 
whole class. He had planned to enter U. V. M. in the fall, but 
he was smitten with pneumonia and died two weeks before the 
day set for his graduation. He was a rare spirit and his sud- 
den death was a shock to the school and the whole community. 
No public exercises were held at the clone c f school. 

In 1910 there was but one pupil to graduate. Miss Carrie 
Rogers. In 1911 Miss Tucker and Miss Moran were succeeded 
by Miss Harriet Spooner of New Hampshire and Miss Catharine 
Henley of Richmond. There was a graduating class of three: 
Mary M. Lynch, Mae E. Eldridge and Wentworth Bicknell. 

By this time the townspeople had come to regard the high 
school as a success and as an institution which had come to stay. 

In 1-912 Mr. Edwin T. Maloney, a graduate of Middlebury 
College, became principal. Miss Henley continuing as assistant. 
The graduating class consisted of six: Clara P. Barnum, Irene 
Bolger, Doris R. Brown, Helen M. Chapin, Lulu R. Pratt and 
Pauline Smith. Superintendent L. E. Prior said, "The prosper- 
ity and growth of the high school continues. During the year 
35 pupils were enrolled. The addition of the physical laboratory 
cabinet to the equipment of the high school has been of great 
value." 

In 1913 a class of four was graduated, viz. : Helen Cash- 
more, Carl Moulton, Paul and George Casey. 

In 1914 the enrollment reached 42 and a class of eight re- 
ceived their diplomas : Constance R. Jordan, Mildred M. Chapin, 
Juna M. Walston, Loretta Barrett, Coletta Barrett, Chester Wal- 
ton, Herbert Nattress, Edward Varney. 



260 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Of the 18 graduates of the last three classes, six are now in 
college. Another member, Constance R. Jordan, would have 
entered, but she died a few months after graduation. 

In 1915 the graduating class numbered nine, the largest to 
date. They were: Gretchen E. Allen, Ina V. Irish, Fannie F. 
McGinnis, Gladys E. Tomlinson, Raymond C. Bicknell, Robert E. 
Casey, Arthur W. Irish, Arthur G. Pratt and Wilhelm R. 
Schillhammer. U. V. M. awarded scholarships to Ina Irish and 
Robert Casey for excellence at the final examination. The en- 
rollment at the opening of the fall term of 1915 was 30. 

Mr. Maloney remains principal of the school and Miss 
Katherine Dewey of Royalton is assistant. Principal Maloney 
has been successful in having the high school placed upon the 
trial list of schools approved by the New England College En- 
trance Certificate Board, which means that a certificate from our 
school admits without examination to any New England college 
represented on this board. This certificate does not admit to 
Harvard, Yale and some others, but does open to 16 colleges and 
thus places the school upon an equality with some larger schools 
in the state. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 261 

PART SIXTH. 

VILLAGE AND BUSINESS INTERESTS OF THE TOWN ; 
PAST AND PRESENT. JERICHO CENTER. 

By Eugene B. Jordan. 

As tourists and visitors drive through the village of Jericho 
Center, or tarry for a time to visit friends, it is almost universally 
remarked by them, "This certainly is one of the prettiest country 
villages I have ever seen;" and, as one notes the beautiful park, 
the shaded streets, the well kept lawns, the plain, but symmetrical 
and trim brick church with its white spire, a landmark for miles 
around, together with the general tidiness of the business and 
residential property of the village, it would seem that the en- 
thusiastic compliments of the visitors are not misplaced or unde- 
served. 

At the time of the settlement of the town, its geographical 
center was found to be in what is now the pasture on the "Bishop 
hill farm" so-called, now owned by Brown Brothers; and a 
settlement of six families was made at that place, with the inten- 
tion of locating the main village of the town there; but, owing 
to its inaccessibility, some of the settlers strongly objected to its 
location at that place, and Lewis Chapin, (the first town clerk), 
who owned the land in this vicinity, offered to give four acres 
for the village "green" or "common," on condition that the village 
and church should be located here. His offer was accepted, and 
shortly after the church, the store and other buildings were 
erected, and the village of Jericho Center established on its 
present site. 

In the ea,rly part of the town's history, Jericho Center was 
the educational center for a large surrounding country; the 
Jericho Academy for many years being the principal educational 
institution in this part of the county, and often having an attend- 
ance of over a hundred students. An interesting account of this 
old academy will be found in Part 5, Chapter 7, of this book. 
18 



262 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Thirty years ago, the present beautiful park at tljis village 
was a rough, unkept country "green," without a tree or shrub; 
many of the houses were run down, unpainted and unattractive ; 
and one of the first "village improvements" was when a new 
resident appealed to the selectmen of the town to compel one 
of the tenant farmers living in the village, to keep his pigs at 
home, instead of allowing them to run at large on the "green" 
and in the neighbors' dooryards. The present beautiful park was 
ploughed, seeded, laid out and trees planted, by a largely attended 
"bee" of the farmers and others in 1885 under the direction of 
the following named committee, appointed for that purpose, viz. : 
— Dea. I. C. Stone, Dr. F. H. Cilley, F. S. Ransom, Gains Pease 
and H. W. Jordan ; and the lovely park of today well attests the 
thoroughness of workers and committee. As will be seen by the 
above, this community has always been noted for its public spirit, 
and its neighborhood co-operation. 

The business interests of Jericho Center have never been, 
and never could be very extensive, because of its location. Being 
situated on a hill, there was no possibility of obtaining water 
power for manufacturing ; and for the same reason, the railroads 
were built on each side of the village, following the valleys; and 
without railroads or water power, there was little chance for ex- 
tensive business. 

In the early days of the town's history, when each town was 
largely a world unto itself, producing almost entirely all the 
commodities it consumed, there were several small industries 
located in, or near the Center. , 

Their histories are interesting, though somewhat obscure. 
There follows as complete an account of the same, as the authors 
have been able to secure from the older residents, and the town 
records. 

In 1823, Eben Lee deeded to Edward T. and Thomas J. 
Hutchings a piece of land on Lee River, (at that time called 
"Little river"), near the present residence of Hiram H. Wilder, 
with the privilege of building a dam, and flooding sufficient land 
back of the same to make a mill pond; and shortly after, a 
woolen mill was built by the purchasers on this spot. In 1836, 
the mill was owned by Nathaniel T. Stiles, who enlarged it, and 
fully equipped the same with all necessary machinery to make 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 263 

woolen cloth, including carding, spinning, weaving, fulling and 
finishing machine's; and for forty years or more, a considerable 
business was done by successive owners of this mill ; among such 
owners at different times being Truman Galusha, Hosea Spauld- 
ing, Horatio B. and Edgar A. Barney and others. In 1856 this 
property was sold to the late Lyman Stimson and three others ; 
and later, Mr. Stimson converted the mill into a wagon manu- 
factory and wheelwright shop where wagons were made and re- 
paired and a good business done in this line. This business also 
finally declined and was given up. Near the village, on the 
west side of the highway between the present residences of F. M. 
Hoskins and S. M. Packard was located a tannery, where the 
cowhides from the farms of the community were tanned, and 
converted into good substantial leather; from which the village 
cobbler made cowhide boots for the men and boys, and stout and 
durable shoes for the women and girls. And proud was the 
boy, and happy the day when he became possessor of a pair of 
these boots with red tops and copper toes. This tanyard was 
established by Reuben Rockwood about 1830-1835, and was 
operated until the early '60s under successive owners, among 
whom were Augustus W. Dow, Silas Ransom and Hoyt Cham- 
bers ; and by the way, the village cobbler above referred to was, 
for many years, Robert Gibson, whose residence and shop were 
just west of the Lee River bridge near the residence of H. H. 
Wilder. At a later date, Marshall Harvey, who lived in the 
house now occupied by Geo. E. Cunningham at the "Center," was 
the village cobbler. Mr. Harvey was a very eccentric character; 
one of his peculiarities being, that, although he made boots and 
shoes for others, he persisted in going barefoot himself every 
summer. 

South of the village, in the valley near the present residence 
of John Fitzsimonds, on land now owned by Edwin S. Ransom, a 
brickyard and kiln was established about 1835, by the same man 
who founded the tannery above referred to, viz. : — ^Reuben Rock- 
wood. This industry continued for a few years only; and it is 
said that the brick for the Congregational Church, the residence 
now occupied by E. B. Jordan and other buildings in this vicinity 
were made at this brickyard. 



264 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

In the eastern part of the town, along Mill Brook, (called in 
the early days "Governor's Brook," because Governor Chittenden 
owned much of the land bordering thereon), were several differ- 
ent mills. 

On the farm owned by Charles Nealy stood a small grist 
mill, doing the grinding of the corn and other grains produced in 
the community ; and on the opposite side of the brook was a small 
saw mill which continued in operation many years. These mills 
were probably built by Jonas Marsh, in 1840-1850; and were 
later owned by L. Austin, Wm. Nealy and others. 

Nearer the village on the same stream near the bridge on the 
highway leading to the present home of Wm. C. Field, a shop 
was built by Zanthy Reed in 1820, called a "Clothier's Shop," 
which was later enlarged and owned successively by John Lyman, 
Daniel Lyman, H. E. Woodford, R. M. Clapp and others, and 
finally by Augustus S. Wood. In 1845 this factory, then under 
the ownership of H. E. Woodford, was converted into a starch 
factory, where the farmers of the town used to sell their potatoes 
at 10 cents per bushel, to be converted into starch. Later, under 
the ownership of R. M. Clapp and J. T. Clapp, the plant was 
again changed, and made into a "Rake Factory" where wood hay 
rakes and other implements were made. The last owner of this 
property was A. S. Wood, who for many years manufactured 
small wooden ware at this stand until in 1891 he dismantled the 
mill, selling the real estate to W. C. Field, and moving the 
machinery, &c., to the "Field Mill" at the "Corners" village, 
where the business was continued, and is now being operated by 
W. E. Buxton & Co. 

In addition to these industries there were two or three saw 
mills and shingle mills in the east part of the town, viz. : — A saw 
mill on Lee River near the present residence of John Roakes, 
which was operated for many years by Edgar A. Barney^ and 
later by J. E, Burrows & Son, and a small shingle mill at West 
Bolton, within the limits of this town, which was last operated by 
W. C. Guyette. 

It will be a surprise to most readers of this volume to khbw 
that Jericho had, among its early industries, a distillery ; but such 
is the fact. This distillery was situated on Mill Brook, near the 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VBRIMONT. 266 

starch factory above referred to, and was operated for some 
time by John Porter about 1820-'30. 

About 1874 a Farmers' Co-operative Association was formed 
by the farmers of this part of the town, for the purpose of manu- 
facturing cheese, and a large and well equipped factory was 
built on Mill Brook near the present home of Mrs. Gilbert Para- 
dee. For many years under the efficient management of Henry 
Borrowdale, Nathfin Benham, Edwin Humphrey, Jesse Gloyd 
and others this association did a large and profitable business; 
until the advent of creameries in the '90s, for making butter 
seemed to furnish a more profitable outlet for the milk, and 
cheese making at this plant was abandoned. 

These various industries have all ceased operation. Not one 
of these buildings is standing. Where once wheels hummed and 
men worked at machines to supply local demands, nothing re- 
mains but green grass and decaying dams. 

This industrial decline was wholly caused by the evolution 
of the manufacturing industries from the small, local mills, em- 
ploying a few "hands," supplying the needs of a neighborhood, 
to the centralized, complicated factories making goods for a 
nation. 

In 1904 efforts were made by the late T. L. Bostwick, to re- 
vive the manufacturing industry of the community; he having 
conceived a project to take the old Universalist Church at this 
village, which had been in complete disuse for many years, and 
convert the same into a factory to make wood toys, wash boards, 
&c. He obtained possession and ownership of the property from 
the Universalist State Convention, and in company first, with Mr. 
James Donnelly of Vergennes, and later, with Messrs. Alfred 
Goodell and E. H. Enos of Salem, Mass., he bought and installed 
a gasolene engine, machinery, &c., and began the manufacture of 
the above mentioned goods. For two years or more, they did a 
considerable business, employing several men, and selling their 
product to several large firms in New York City. 

Later the partners withdrew, and Mr. Bostwick continued 
the business alone until 1910, when he sold all his property to Mr. 
E. H. Smith, who continued the business two years longer, and 
then dismantled the factory, sold the machinery to various parties, 
and sold the building to the Ladies' Aid Society of the Congrega- 



266 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

tional Church for a village and community hall; giving them a 
favorable opportunity, and a very low price for such a purpose. 

The mercantile business at the Center from the first settle- 
ment of the town, has been largely done by one store, which store 
has been doing a continuous business at the same stand for over 
a century. We refer to the store now, and for the past thirty-one 
years conducted under the name of Jordan Brothers; by H. W. 
Jordan and E. B. Jordan until the death of the senior partner in 
1911, and since then, by the junior partner. 

This business was established by Pliny Blackman over one 
hundred years ago; and was afterwards conducted by Frederick 
Fletcher, Erastus Field, Henry C. Blackman, Blackman & Lane, 
E. H. Lane, Lane & Pierce, E. H. Lane & Son and Joi-dan Bros, 
in the order named; Judge Lane conducting the business either 
alone, or with others, the longest period (about thirty-five years) 
and Jordan Brothers being next in length of consecutive business. 

The first business done was largely in the few staple groceries 
of the time: tea, molasses, spices, etc., and "rum;" Jamaica rum, 
Holland gin and other like products being a large part of the 
stock in trade. 

Mr. Pliny Blackman used to "go to market" once a year, and 
made several trips to Montreal, hauling his "barter," (wool, grain, 
etc.), to Winooski Falls. Building a raft below the falls and load- 
ing his "barter" thereon, he would make the journey by raft and 
sail down the river to the lake, down the lake and the St. John's 
River to Montreal; there exchanging his "barter" for currency, 
and buying what little merchandise he needed, he would return 
by trail and road to his home. The business of those days was 
almost entirely "barter"; the farmers exchanging at "the store" 
their wool, grain, eggs, dairy products, etc., for what few articles 
they needed and did not themselves produce. For many years 
Judge Lane was one of the most prominent and influential men 
iii town ; and several other proprietors of this store have been 
closely identified with the business and public interests of the 
town. 

Because of the lack of industries and public utilities, the vil- 
lage has always been small, and the demand for mercantile estab- 
lishments limited, and only one store doing business much of the 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 267 

time. At times, however, there have been two stores, and even 
three, doing business at the same time. 

About 1850, a branch of the New England Protection Union, 
a co-operative organization of farmers and others, for co-oper- 
ative mercantile business, etc., was organized in town, known as 
"Division No. 116, N. E. P. U.," and a small store was started in 
the shop building now standing on the farm owned by L. W. 
Eldredge. In 1853, the Union, with John T. Clapp, John Cham- 
bers and Orley Thompson as directors, bought a house on the 
south side of the common at the Center, then owned by Horace 
A. Dixon, and converted it into a store building, and moved the 
business to that stand. In 1857, James Bent, W. R. Macomber 
and Nathan Benham as directors, sold the property to John Smith, 
and a new organization, known as the "Jericho Stock Company," 
an entirely local organization, was formed to take over the busi- 
ness with John Smith as President. 

Later, the business became a private venture, and was run 
successively by James Morse, Osman Stimson, Cyrus C. Lane, 
and finally by W. T. Lee and T. J. Haskins, under whose owner- 
ship the goods were sold out, and the building sold to Edmund 
Martin in 1875. 

In 1890 Barton W. York, who had been for a year previous 
clerk for Jordan Bros., started a small grocery store and order 
route, occupying first the little shop building on the Mary Lyman 
premises, and later, moving into the little building just back of 
the old academy building, at that time owned by T. L. Bostwick. 
On the death of Mr. York in 1894, the goods and business were 
sold to M. C. Whitney, who conducted the business until 1895, 
when Messrs. F. A. Fuller and E. T. Scott purchased the same, 
continuing until 1898, when Mr. Scott withdrew from the part- 
nership and Mr. Fuller went on with the business individually 
until 1899, when he also retired, closing out the goods to Jordan 
Bros. The following year, Messrs. A. K. Morse and F. G. 
Pease started a similar store at the same stand and have con- 
tinued the business until the present time. 

In 1902 T. L. Bostwick established a grocery and shoe store 
in the front part of the large building he had erected in 1898; 
operating the same in connection with his painting and cabinet 
making business until 1905, when, desiring to enter the manu- 



268 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

facturing business heretofore referred to, he closed out the goods 
to Jordan Bros. 

In 1914 F. D. McGinnis bought the Bostwick building above 
referred to, put in a stock of goods, opened up for business and 
is now conducting the same. In addition to the mercantile in- 
terests at the Center, there are other industries common to our 
country villages, viz. : — The Borden Condensed Milk Co. of New 
York have a milk receiving and cooling station at this village, 
where the milk from the dairies of the community is received, 
cooled and then transported to the central plant at Richmond. 
They also have a small feed store house in connection with the 
station, from which they supply dairy feeds, etc., to their patrons 
and others. 

F. M. Hoskins is the present "village blacksmith," having 
had a long line of predecessors at the same stand. Dr. M. O. 
Eddy is the present village physician, having located here in 
1911 ; succeeding Dr. H. D. Hopkins, Dr. A. S. C. Hill, Dr. F. H. 
Cilley, Dr. A. B. Somers, Dr. F. F. Hovey and Dr. Jamin Hamil- 
ton, and others who were here for short periods of time. Two 
of the above named physicians. Dr. Hamilton and Dr. Hovey, 
were located here for long terms of service ; Dr. Hamilton prac- 
ticing for about 25 years, and Dr. Hovey for over twenty years. 
Dr. Somers became later a noted physician of Lincoln, Neb., and 
is still practicing in that city. 

Mr. F. G. Pease has been the undertaker at this part of the 
town for some years ; doing service not only in this town, but the 
surrounding towns as well. 

Mr. F. S. Ransom has been, for fifteen years or more, the 
contractor and builder for this vicinity, employing a considerable 
force of carpenters and laborers in his extensive building and re- 
pairing operations throughout this section. 

Mr. I. R. Ballard is now, and has been for several years, the 
painter and paper hanger for the community, employing part of 
the time one or two men. 

It will thus be seen that the varied wants of the community 
are well provided for. 

In addition to the business interests of the community, it 
always had, and still maintains those religious, educational and 
social interests that mean so much to any village. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 269 

The Congregational Church at the Center is one of the oldest 
church organizations in Chittenden County, having celebrated its 
centennial anniversary in 1891 ; and maintaining a continuous 
work for nearly 125 years. We would refer you to the chapter 
on churches, elsewhere in this volume, for a record of the history 
and work of this church. 

The schools at the Center include all grades from primary, 
to college preparatory ; the town high school being located at this 
village. These schools have, for the past twenty years especially, 
been doing good work, and have maintained a high record of 
efficiency and scholarship. We refer you to a sketch of the high 
school, and of the other town schools elsewhere in this volume, 
for interesting facts concerning them. 

A Grange was organized in 1909, with its meetings held in 
this village, and has kept up its work to the present time, with 
success and growth. 

During the past thirty years, the following new buildings 
have been erected in this village, viz. : — The schoolhouse, parson- 
age, Jordan Brothers' store, the T. L. Bostwick block, and the 
residences of A. B. Puffer, A. C. Hoskins, F. S. Ransom, and Dr. 
Eddy. And the following residences have been so completely re- 
paired and improved, as to almost pass for new buildings, viz. : 
residences of G. C. and C. C. Bicknell, Geo. E. Cunningham, 
Jordan Bros., Mrs. J. W. Hart and Miss Warner; besides very 
considerable repairs and improvements on almost every other 
building in the village. 

It will thus be seen that, though the village is small and some- 
what isolated, it affords many attractions for residence, and has a 
stimulating history ; and that it has performed, and no doubt will 
continue to perform well its functions as a benefit to the material 
and higher interests of the town. 

JERICHO VILLAGE. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

Jericho Village is pleasantly situated on Brown's River, 
which winds its way nearly westward at this place, and is on the 
western side of the town near the line between Jericho and Essex. 



270 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Being on the thoroughfare from Burlington to Lamoille County 
and the northeastern part of the state, and • possessing excellent 
water power, the village grew rapidly in its early days. Saw 
mills, grist mills, carding works and woolen mills were erected, 
utilizing this water power. Stores, shops, a tavern and a distillery 
were erected. Merchants, mechanics, millers, lawyers and physi- 
cians found a place for their activities. 

Merchants. — Old inhabitants say that one John Fassette 
was at an early day engaged in the mercantile business in the 
village, but the writer has been unable to ascertain how long he 
carried it on. A short time previous to 1824 William A. Prentiss 
and Thomas M. Taylor had a store on the north side of Main 
Street just below the Barney Tavern. This firm, and later 
Prentiss alone, continued the business till 1832, when it was sold 
to Frederick Fletcher, who became the owner of the store 
building now occupied by E. B. Williams. Till 1843 Fletcher did 
a thriving business, and largely on credit. The credit method 
was a matter of necessity, as the farmers had Uttle money to 
pay down for goods and made a practice of settling twice a year, 
in October with cattle and in January with grain. These were 
times when merchants kept on hand rum and molasses to please 
their customers and make large profits. 

George B. Oakes before 1845 was keeping a store in a part 
of his house now occupied by Mrs. W. W. Ring. Bliss and Oakes 
carried on the same line of business awhile on the east side of 
the highway east of the Barney Tavern in a house burned in 
1906. In 1845 George B. Oakes bought the Fletcher store. 
Oakes and George H. Peck formed a partnership, and were suc- 
ceeded by Oakes alone, in 1852 by L. J. Bliss and Co., in 1855 by 
a union store carried on by Spaulding and Blodgett till 1857, and 
two years more by George B. Oakes and James Morse. Then 
the union business was closed out, and there followed Orson H. 
Shaw till about 1864, A. B. Remington till 1869, George H. 
Hill till 1871, L. P. Carleton till 1874, Vespasian Leach till 1882, 
Frederick Simonds till about 1890. Since then E. B. Williams 
has dealt in general merchandise in this so-called Fletcher store. 

On the south side of Main Street opposite the Barney Tavern 
several dififerent parties have successfully carried on business. 
A large storehouse standing there was in 1848 fitted up as a store 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 271 

by Erastus Field and Ferdinand Beach. The successive firms at 
this place after Field and Beach were Beach and (L. B.) Howe 
from about 1852 till about 1866, Henry M. Field and Hira A. 
Percival till about 1872, John A. Percival and Edwin E. Oakes 
till about 1874, when the store and goods were destroyed by fire. 
About 1881 Wareham N. Pierce, who had been in trade at the 
Center, built a large store on the same ground and carried it on 
till about 1891. Then it was sold to The Home Market, an in- 
corporated company, who rented to Suter and Lamphire, then 
to Charles S. Suter, who carried on a dry goods business on one 
side, and to B. A. Donaldson who dealt in groceries on the other 
side, then to Donaldson alone for his grocery business. In 1903 
the store, D. E. Rood's harness shop adjoining on the east and 
the tin shop and dwelling house of Joseph Bissonette on the west, 
were burned, and they have not since been rebuilt. When Pierce 
built the store he finished off in the upper story several rooms 
for offices and a Masonic Hall, the latter being occupied by 
Macdonough Lodge several years. 

Other Industries. — One of the industries of the village 
was the distilling of rum and the manufacture of whiskey. The 
distillery was erected previous to 1824 by Thomas M. Taylor 
at the south end of the village near the present railroad trestle. 
For many years a large amount of rum was distilled here. Fred- 
erick Fletcher became a part owner with Taylor. 

From first to last blacksmithing has called for the labor of 
many strong men. Subsequent to 1856 Jesse Door and Henry 
Parker had a shop across the street from the present store of E. 
B. Williams. E. H. Prouty and Hubert Hebert and several 
others have followed the trade in the brick building on the hill- 
side. John Gerard carried on that business for H. M. and Anson 
Field in connection with their manufacture of pumps and tubing. 
In the shop below the covered bridge I. S. Dubuc, L. P. Carpen- 
ter, and since 1906 Jed T. Vamey have worked in the black- 
smith and wheelwright industry, and in very recent days the 
repairing of automobiles has been added. Carriage painting is 
done here by Willis Marsh. Michael F. Martin for many years 
maintained a wheelwright and repair shop, as also did S. A. 
Wright at this village. Louis F. Paradee has been in that busi- 
ness. 



272 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Anson Field, Sr., for many years before 1870 carried on the 
manufacture of. furniture and the building of bridges. B. S. 
Martin has for forty years served the community as a jeweler, 
as did Albert C. Lowry for a short time. Among those who 
have followed the millinery business are Thankful Butts, Mrs. 
Susie Fassette, Mrs. Beulah Barney, Mrs. Lucia A. Smith, Mrs. 
S. B. Wells and Mrs, Lucy Martin. Mrs. Martin has been thus 
engaged for more than thirty years. E. H. Carter located here 
as dentist about 1860, but after three or four years removed to 
Burlington. Milton Ford about 1840 established an iron foundry 
east of the village on the Lee River road where he made iron 
castings and did all kinds of work usually done in a foundry, and 
he was succeeded by his son, Addison M. Ford, who continued 
the business till about 1890. 

Harness making and repairing was done for many years by 
Orlin Rood in his shop located across the street from the Barney 
Tavern. The shop was burned in 1874 but rebuilt in 1875, and 
Mr. Rood continued in the business till his death in 1881. His 
son, D. E. Rood, who had been his partner, then became sole 
proprietor. In 1903 he was burned out and now occupies a shop 
adjoining his dwelling house near the railroad station. Peter 
Gomo, who had worked for the Roods, set up business for him- 
self in the building formerly the law office of L. F. Wilbur, and 
his son, Ernest, has continued it since the father's death in 1909, 
but has removed to a house near the depot. 

A creamery has been maintained opposite the station since 
1898. Y. G. Nay erected it at that time and operated it seven 
years. After changing hands -several times, in 1915 it was pur- 
chased by the Jericho Cooperative Creamery Company. The 
dairymen in this vicinity have found it a convenient place to dis- 
pose of their milk. 

A tin shop has been maintained here by Joseph Bissonette 
for nearly 50 years. His shop for many years, stood just west 
of the old Beach and Howe store. All kinds of tin ware and 
sugar utensils were manufactured and a hardware trade con- 
ducted. Shoemaking for more than 20 years previous to 1903 
was carried on by William J. Gibson. S. H. Clark followed the 
business here about 1886. 



HISTORY OF JERIOHO, VERMONT. 273 

The grocery trade as a separate business has been conducted 
for the past 35 years at dififerent places by Harlow N. Percival, 
B. A. Donaldson, Chesmore Bros., E. W. Curtis, H. T. Chase, 
and now by Prank E. Hanley. 

Hotels. — The hotel of the village, usually called "Barney's 
Tavern," burned in 1904, was built by Truman Barney before 
1817 and was kept by him for a few years, but the landlords have 
been numerous. Among the first were John Delaware and 
Erastus D. Hubbel. James McNasser for several years before 
1852 was its genial and enterprising host. Soon after 1852 the 
property came into the hands of Martin C. Barney, and it was 
kept by him and his wife, Maria, who served as landlady with 
great tact and ability, till about 1870. A part of the time Julius ' 
H. Ransom, their son-in-law, was associated with them in the 
business. After 1870 the hotel was rented to other parties, then 
sold to Solomon M. Barney, who ran it a year or two, and in 
1880 sold to Ferdinand Beach. He thoroughly repaired it and 
named it The Beach House. It was leased to C. N. Percival, 
then to F. D. Gilson for about three years, sold to J. H. May, 
who conducted the house till 1891, then leased to Zeph Hapgood, 
who ran it several years, and then sold to William and Olive Fol- 
som. Its destruction in 1904 removed an old landmark. In 
1905 Folsom purchased the house across the street recently owned 
by W. W. Ring, and kept it as a hotel till he died in 1909. Luther 
Prouty opened a hotel about 1865 in the brick house on Church 
Street where Hiram Tilley now lives, and ran it in connection 
with a livery stable till 1867, when he sold the property to L. M. 
Stevens. George Foster has now opened a boarding house on 
Mill Street that accommodates some employed in village industries 
and also travelers. 

Mills, Factories and Water Power. — On Brown's River 
are seven water privileges, six of which have been utilized in 
various industries. 

Number One is below the covered bridge. On this site. 
On the west side of the river, Joseph Sinclair sometime before 
1836 built a sawmill which did a flourishing business till it was 
carried away by a flood in 1903. The successive owners were 
Truman Barney, Truman Galusha, L. B. Howe, Henry Parker, 
R. M. Galusha, Alexander McLane and Rodney Barney, George 



274 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Wright, Rodney Barney, Walter Debuc, E. W. Curtis and R. M. 
Galusha, and E. W. Curtis. While Curtis was the owner, it was 
swept away, and the site was sold to Joseph H. Williams and Co. 
On the opposite side of the river were three buildings below the 
bridge. The upper one was a factory for the manufacture of 
woolen cloth, the next one was used for carding wool and the 
third one for cloth dressing. The first one was built by Mat- 
thew Barney, the others by Truman Barney, his father, all of 
them about 1820. The first and third ceased to be used for the 
purposes intended before 1856, but the third was altered for card- 
ing wool and making cider and was so used till about 1900. The 
two lower buildings have been taken down. The factory has 
been used as a store and tin shop. The water power to run 
the factory has been taken from the dam above the bridge and 
that used in the lower buildings and the saw mill from the lower 
dam. Since the saw mill was washed away, its site has been 
used by Joseph H. Williams and Charles Laughlin for their 
granite works. Williams died in 1915. The firm has been doing 
a thriving business. 

Number Two. — Above the covered bridge is the excellent 
water power Number Two. At an early period a cabinet shop 
and a starch factory were built and successfully run for many 
years by Anson Field, Sr. At this place George B. Oakes about 
1848 and for several years manufactured starch from potatoes 
purchased at ten to fifteen cents a bushel. On this site the pres- 
ent grist mill known as the Chittenden Grist- Mill was built by 
James H. Hutchinson about 1854. (See Chapter on Historical 
Jericho, also L. F. Wilbur's address). Hutchinson sold to Clark 
Wilbur and H. A. Percival, they to Beach and Howe, and later it 
was owned by L. B. Howe alone. Howe installed machinery for 
making flour by the roller process and it was one of the first mills 
in New England to adopt that process. He did a large business 
in making flour besides custom grinding. Frank B. Howe, son 
of L. B., about 1886 became a partner and upon his father's death 
in 1899 succeeded the firm. About 1904 he sold out to M. S. 
Whitcomb of Richmond, who ran the business till 1906, when the 
present owner, Charles F. Reavy, purchased the property. Mr. 
Reavy is doing a prosperous business. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 275 

Site Number Four was occupied at an early date by John 
Bliss, who built a stone grist mill there. This was the second 
grist mill in this vicinity, the first having been built on water 
privilege No. 7. It was run as a custom grist mill successively by 
John Bliss ; Bliss, Geo. B. Oakes and Truman Galusha in com- 
pany; Geo. B. and Wm. E. Oakes; Wm. E. Oakes and O. H. 
Shaw until about 1866. Then it was conveyed to Ferdinand 
Beach and L. B. Howe and then to Beach alone, and fitted up 
and run for a short time as a pulp mill. Later it was leased to 
Louis P. Carleton, who manufactured wood combs. In 1877 Beach 
sold out to Henry M. Field, who did a flourishing business in 
manufacturing chairs till about 1883. About 1891 A. S. Wood 
purchased the factory and began the manufacture of small wood 
articles. Three years later he was succeeded by Warren E. and 
H. W. Buxton. This firm manufactures curtain rods, spindles, 
chair dowels, hubs and spokes for toy wagons, mallet heads and 
a large variety of other articles for which they use annually 150 
cords of white birch. 

On Site Number Five in the early history of the village 
Simon Davis built a saw mill and a factory for the making of 
pumps and tubing. This business was greatly enlarged by him 
and his son-in-law, Henry M. Field, about 1856, and was still 
more extended by Henry M. and Anson Field. For many years 
and till about 1900 it supplied a wide territory in New England 
and Eastern New York with wooden pumps and water tubing. 
They are not now made, as iron pumps have taken their place. 

On Site Number Six John Oakes before 1840 built a saw 
mill that has been operated for the manufacture of large quantities 
of lumber by John Oakes, Wm. E. Oakes, Hiram B. Fish, H. M. 
Field, Anson Field, E. W. Curtis and Stephen Curtis successively 
to the present writing. On the south side of the river H. M. 
Field about 1872 established a plant to supply the village with 
water, by erecting a tower and using the water power at this 
place to pump water from Brown's River into a large tank placed 
in the upper part of the tower. Prom this the water is conveyed 
through pipes to the houses of the village. This plant was soon 
after transferred to Anson Field and operated by him till his 
death in 1913, and is now operated by R. B. Field. 



216 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Site Number Seven, known as the Buxton Mill Privilege, 
has an interesting history. But for this see Buxton family, Wil- 
bur's Address and Historical Jericho in this volume. 

On the north side of the river E. B. Williams in 1910 built 
a two story lumber mill. He annually manufactures about 800,- 
000 feet of lumber. 

Schools, Churches, Etc. — The learned professions and 
schools are treated elsewhere in this book. In the center of the 
village on Church Street stands a large two story Graded School 
building where three teachers are employed to instruct the chil- 
dren who gather there. The village is well supplied with churches 
that are located on Church Street. The Baptist and Methodist 
societies have each a fine church building erected in 1858. The 
Congregational Church building is a handsome brick edifice on a 
large green and was erected in 1825 and 1826. The Congrega- 
tional and Baptist buildings are each equipped with an excellent 
church bell. Each of these two societies has a resident minister, 
and the Methodist is supplied from Underbill. George B. Hul- 
burd, who came here in 1894, is the resident physician and a prac- 
titioner of recognized ability. Dr. William Cashmore has a wide 
reputation as a skilful veterinarian. L. F. Wilbur is the only 
lawyer here, and has been in the active practice of his profession 
since 1857. 

^ The village in addition to its public buildings and places of 
business has seventy-five dwelling houses with well kept lawns 
and the streets are lined with elms and maples. The cemetery 
at the rear of the brick church has many fine monuments and is 
admirably cared for by the incorporated Jericho Cemetery Associ- 
ation which has funds for that purpose. The views from this 
spot anfl from many places in the village are superb. They cover 
a wide range of territory including Mt. Mansfield and Camel's 
Hump on one side, Mt. Marcy and Whiteface on the other, vari- 
ous peaks of the Green and Adirondack mountains, and hills and 
woods and farms in every direction. 

The Burlington and Lamoille R. R., owned by the Central 
Vermont and operated by the Grand Trunk R. R., strikes the vil- 
lage near the east and west ends. The station accommodates 
not only the people in the immediate vicinity, but those at Jericho 
Center, the east part of the town. West Bolton, and eastern part 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 277 

of Essex. The convenient railroad accommodations, the excel- 
lent churches, the good school and the abundant water power, 
which might be utilized to a much larger extent, combine with 
other attractions which have been mentioned to make a strong 
inducement for people to come hither for residence and for busi- 
ness purposes. 



THE BUSINESS INTERESTS AND THE BUSINESS 
MEN AT RIVERSIDE. 

By C. H. Hayden. 

Whitcomb & Day Store. 

The most important business stand, in the past at least, has 
been the old white store commonly called the Whitcomb & Day 
Store. This building originally was a tin shop. Then it was 
fitted up for a Union Store, with Edward S. Whitcomb, Sr., as 
agent. Later, however, Mr. Whitcomb had a stock of merchan- 
dise of his own. May 1, 1865 his son Edward S. Whitcomb, Jr., 
formed a partnership with Buel H. Day under the firm title of 
Whitcomb & Day, who continued a flourishing business for many 
years, their annual sales often exceeding $60,000. This enter- 
prising firm interested themselves in other lines of business such 
as manufacturing cheese and later operating the steam mill and 
kindred activities. 

These varied interests proved to be the means of support for 
many families and brought to this community much other busi- 
ness. For a further description of the cheese factory and the 
steam mill, see Day genealogy. 

In about 1880 Whitcomb & Day sold their stock of merchan- 
dise to L. H. Chapin, who continued an excellent business for 
10 years. His successor was Barney Ell Mead, who did business 
only a few years. In 1894 C. H. Hayden moved a stock of mer- 
chandise from Essex to this store, where he continued to do 
business until 1911, when he moved across the green to a newly 
fitted store of his own, where he still continues in general mer- 
19 



278 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

chandise business. The Whitcomb & Day store was soon oc- 
cupied again by John A. McKeefe, who at the present time is en- 
gaged in meat and grocery business. Few business stands have 
been so widely and favorably known as the Whitcomb & Day 
store. 

The Drug Store. 

Early in his practice Dr. A. F. Burdick fitted up a Drug 
Store opposite his residence, which for several years was con- 
ducted in his own name. Later, however, Dr. W. S. Nay be- 
came associated with him. For many years now Dr. Nay has 
continued the drug business, at one time having had as a partner 
Mr. Leonidas Hanaford, and later H. W. Rockwood, but at the 
present time Dr. Nay is the sole owner. About eight years ago 
the drug store and contents burned to the ground. Dr. W. S. 
Nay in his usual energetic and business like way has built a fine 
block upon the original site and is continuing the drug business 
at the present writing. 

The Thompson Store. 

About 1886, Mr. Homer Thompson began the erection of a 
store near the Underbill line and the railroad. This store Mr. 
Thompson stocked at once, doing a considerable business in 
groceries and farmers' supplies of a very general variety, includ- 
ing wagons and machinery. Mr. Thompson soon fitted up a 
building for tinware and hardware, and later erected a com- 
modious grist mill just across the railroad track and yet within 
Jericho limits. 

Mr. Thompson thus did a very extensive business until 
his decease in 1895. This business in all the different branches 
was continued by his administrator, Thos. W. Thorp, until his 
decease in 1899. Mr. Ira W. Thorp, administrator of both estates, 
gradually closed out the stock of merchandise, tinware and hard- 
ware. Hulette and Grace next stocked the store with groceries 
and a general line and continued to do business a few years. 
After their removal, Mr. Joseph Bissonette occupied the store 
a few years with a stock of tinware and hardware. C. N. Stygles 
then purchased the store property, stocked very heavily in general 
merchandise and did a very extensive business for around 10 



HISTORY OF JERICHO. VERMONT. 279 

years, and in turn sold his interests to Brown & Nay, which en- 
terprising firm is now carrying on the business. 

Mr. Ira W. Thorp as administrator continued the feed busi- 
ness in the grist mill for several years, selling out his interests to 
L. H. Pendleton, who greatly improved the property and built up 
an extensive trade. Mr. Pendleton sold to J. E. Foster who is 
the present proprietor. 

E. J. Gallup & Son succeeded to the tin and hardware busi- 
ness, building up a fine trade, and at the present time are erecting 
a new block to care for their growing business. 

Thus it will be seen that various business enterprises have 
been gathered around the Thompson store, which has proven 
central in fact, and almost ideal as a business stand. 

Undertaking. 

Nehemiah Prouty was, so far as the writer knows, Jericho's 
first undertaker, who lived and did business on Lee River. Tru- 
man Whitcomb, however, was the first to locate at Riverside, 
doing business only a few years. He sold to James Hayden in 
1882, who continued the business until his decease in 1890. Mrs. 
Jas. Hayden & Co., represented by Edmund L. Martin, continued 
the business until 1895, when it was purchased by C. H. Hayden 
the present owner and proprietor. Mr. S. S. Thompson also did 
undertaking for several years from his residence on Lee River. 
This business was purchased by Wesley A. Church, who soon 
sold the stock and equipment to C. H. Hayden, but who for 
several years continued to do business for Mr. Hayden. And upon 
his removal to Jonesville Frank G. Pease became Mr. Hayden's 
representative, in which capacity Mr. Pease continues at the 
present time. 

Mr. George Planck for several years did undertaking at 
Jericho Comers in connection with furniture business. 

Business Men. 

Of course it would be impossible to speak of all the men 
who have done business at Riverside. The two who stand out 
as especially capable are Mr. Whitcomb and Mr. Day. Of Mr. 
Day's activities there is quite an account in the Day genealogy 



280 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

and in other places in this volume. It ought to be said that these 
two men, of fine ability individually, when associated together 
became an especially strong firm. When Mr. Day removed to 
New York City; it became Mr. Whitcomb's part to dispose of 
the company effects and collect in the unpaid accounts. Succeed- 
ing remarkably well in this, he continued the cheese factory busi- 
ness until cheese making gaVe place to the separator and butter 
making. Then he built up a very fine insurance business, all of 
which yielded him good returns putting him in very comfortable 
circumstances. 

His activities, as was true of his partner Mr. Day, extended 
to church, school and town interests. Mr. Whitcomb's 25 years 
of service as superintendent of the Congregational Sunday School 
was of great moment to the youth of our community. As a 
school director and town superintendent of the public schools his 
judgment was of great value, as lister and selectman he rendered 
fine service to his town. 

When Mr. D. W. Knight came in possession of the steam 
mill, matters had been going rather badly, and not so many of the 
recent proprietors had made so much of a success as they could 
have wished perhaps. Mr. Knight, however, because of his 
knowledge of the business proved to be the right man for the 
place and did a large and lucrative business for several years. 

Of the men who have moved from town and became es- 
pecially successful, we refer to D. G. French, who is at present 
president of the Arnold Print Works of North Adams, Mass, a 
very responsible position. Mr. French is rated as a millionaire. 
Mr. Eugene Bliss, son of Samuel Bliss, went to the great city of 
Chicago and his rise in the business and financial world has been 
phenomenal. He is easily a millionaire, is president of the 
Metropolitan Trust and Savings Bank of Chicago, and is also 
president of the S. E. Bliss Shafting Co. Several young men 
from this section of Jericho are doing especially well, among 
them Mr. Carl E. Day, son of Buel H. Day, at present a member 
of one of Chicago's largest coat and suit manufacturing firms. 

Mr. Hiram B. Day, son of Byron Day, has been a notable 
success in the business world, being now a member of the firm 
of Pray, Small & Day, cotton goods brokers, New York City. 




Edward S. Whitcomb, Jb. 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 281 

The four Knight brothers all, though young, are attaining 
excellent positions in the business world. Frank W. Knight is 
the eastern sales manager for the Empire Separator Co., Bloom- 
field, N. J. Arthur L. Knight and Fred A. Knight are with the 
Sharpies Separator Co., West Chester, Pa. Merton R. Knight is 
with the Gen. Electric Co., Schenectady. Doubtless there are 
many others whose names might be referred to with equal pro- 
priety of whose circumstances thp writer knows nothing. 




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HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 



PART SEVENTH. 

THE BROWNS. 
Edited by C. H. Hayden. 

Probably there is no feature of the early history of Jericho 
that is more interesting than the episodes connected with the 
Brown settlement; possibly no family exhibited greater courage 
and real strength of character than did the Browns. It is not 
the purpose of the writer to extol unduly, merely to discharge 
the debt of gratitude that I, in common with others, owe these 
first settlers. 

It was true nobility of purpose that induced this family to 
leave what we have every reason to believe were comfortable 
surroundings in Connecticut to make for themselves a home in 
the forests of Vermont. Only by persistency and perseverance 
could they make progress in their journey northward. Their very 
needs taught them to invent the means to supply those needs, and 
a brave spirit enabled them to meet privations and want, face the 
rigors of climate, the dangers of the forest, and hostile savages. 

In grateful memory of these settlers, the Brown Marker was 
erected by their descendants, a photograph of which accompanies 
this article. The reader will find in Part II a full account of 
the exercises at the dedication of this marker ; which may be read 
with profit in this connection. I am glad also at this point to 
quote quite extensively from a letter written by Deacon Truman 
B. Barney as follows : 

In 1774 quite a large number of new settlers came up from 
Connecticut and Massachusetts to make themselves new homes in 
the great wilderness of the "New Hampshire Grants." Joseph 
Brown, Sr. and his wife Hannah Brown with their two sons, 
Charles Brown and Joseph Brown, Jr., were of this number. 
Joseph Brown, Jr., was b. at Watertown, Conn., Nov. 10th, 
1763, and Charles was some three or four years older. Wh^n they 



284 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

arrived at Manchester, they found Thomas Chittenden and his 
family and Capt. Thomas Barney ready to start for Vergennes 
and north to Williston where Chittenden had bought a large tract 
of nice land and proposed to make his future home. The Browns 
had sold a small farm in Watertown, Conn., and Mrs. Brown 
had received some three hundred dollars from her father's estate 
and invested it in three hundred acres of land in the town of 
Stowe. In order to reach the land they had purchased, they would 
have to go to Vergennes and Williston, and then follow a line of 
marked trees to the south end of "Old Mansfield Mountain" and 
cross the Green Mountain Range at what is now known a; 
Nebraska Notch. There was a rough road cut out to Vergennes 
and the Aliens had cut a path through from there to their lands 
on the borders of Lake Champlain where Burlington now is, and 
built a block house at "Winooski Falls." From this place there 
was a line of marked trees to Williston and from Williston 
through to the Notch and then down the little river from what is 
now "Lake Mansfield," that beautiful trout lake in the Notch, 
which was then only a large Beaver meadow, to the Stowe and 
Waterbury River. This was the course the Browns must take 
to reach their lands. So they joined the Chittenden party. They 
had two cows which they yoked up and hitched to a long light 
sled on which they packed a little flour and corn-meal, salt, and a 
few necessary things, and each one, taking what things they could 
carry, started on their long tiresome tramp. They could go but 
a short distance each day, but there were plenty of fat deer, fat 
bears, and fine trout to be had so they had enough to eat and made 
a good camp wherever night overtook them near some nice brook 
or cold spring. Chittenden and his family and Capt. Barney ^ 
found their lands at Williston on the beautiful Winooski River, 
and the Browns crossed the river and went on Itowards old Mans- 
field following the line of marked trees. After two days they 
came to the bank of a nice clear river which came down from near 
the center of the west side of Old Mansfield and being quite tired 
from their long rough journey they decided they would make a 
good camp and rest a day or two before they should attempt to 
cross the Notch. ' So they made a good pole, brush and bark tent 
after the Indian fashion. The boys soon had all the fine large 
trout needed for several meals, which they took from the river 




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HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 285 

which has ever since been known as "Brown's River." The 
father shot a nice; fat deer which was peeping through the bushes 
to satisfy his curiosity in regard to the new settlers and they were 
thus well provided for. While they were cooking their supper, 
they were very much surprised to see a man coming along from 
the mountain following the line of marked trees and leading a 
horse which had a ,bridle on, and a saddle with a few small 
bundles tied to it. The man was much surprised to see them 
camped there in the wilderness and was very glad to accept their 
hearty invitation to take supper with them and rest over night. 
He proved to be a wdl known land speculator from Albany, New 
York, who had purchased a large quantity of land in Stowe and 
had been over there for some time looking it over and also owned 
quite a quantity of land in Jericho where they then were. He had 
a plan of all the lots in Stowe with a short description of each lot 
which he had secured from the original surveyor of the town. 
So when Mr. Brown told him the number and grade of the lots 
they had purchased, they found they were joining some of his 
lots. He did not give a very encouraging description of these 
lands, said much of it was rough, rocky and thin soiled and not 
as good as the lands they were then camping on. He finally 
offered to give them two hundred and fifty acres of his land which 
they could see right there on the river for the three hundred of 
theirs in Stowe. They were so tired with their long journey and 
discouraged by the rough look of the mountain range before them 
and also by the description given of the Stowe lands, that they 
offered to give him their land there for two hundred and fifty 
acres in Jericho and fifty dollars in money, but he said he would 
not put any more money into the wild lands. But as he was about 
starting off in the morning he said he would give them the horse, 
saddle, and bridle, instead of the fifty dollars in money, and thus 
they closed a trade. So the Browns became the first settlers in 
Jericho, Vermont. They very soon made a comfortable small log 
house and bam, cleared up several acres of the best land, made a 
garden, planted some corn, sowed some wheat and oats and were 
quite contented in their wilderness home. They continued to 
clear up the land as fast as possible, gofin an acre of winter wheat 
in the fall, and, when the first little snow came, the boys put the 
yoke of cows on the sled and the horse on a light sled they had 



286 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

made for him and went down to Williston and procured some few 
things they must have for winter. They bought, two s)ieep and a 
few hens of Gapt. Barney and three five pailed iron kettles of a 
man who had come up to Williston from Bennington. They 
worked hard all winter clearing up the land and in the spring 
tapped one hundred and fifty maple trees, caught the sap in little 
troughs they had dug out during the winter,, and boiled it in the 
little five pailed kettles. ' The second year they had made such 
good progress that they felt quite independent. They had become 
good huntsmen and kept the family well supplied with all kinds of 
choice game and secured quite a number of dollars' worth of nice 
furs which they sold to a merchant from Vergennes. But during 
the latter part of the summer the Indians became quite trouble- 
some, coming in their canoes on the lake from Canada, and fol- 
lowing up the rivers to the Vermont settlers and taking them 
prisoners to get a bounty from the British at Montreal. 

Chittenden and Capt; Barney considered it dangerous to stay 
at Williston and so went to the south part of the state remaining 
there until the end of the Revolutionary War. Brown thought 
he was back so far in the forest that the Indians would not be apt 
to find him, but in this he was mistaken, for one day a party of 
them dropped in upon him and took him and the boys captives 
to Montreal. They could not get any bounty for Mrs. Brown 
and so left her to care for herself. She was a strong resolute 
woman and determined to do the best she could by sticking to her 
home and taking good care of the wheat they had, having strong 
faith that Mr. Brown and the boys would find some way of es- 
cape. For two months she stayed there alone, took care of the 
garden and corn patch, milked the cows and saw that the stock 
was all fastened up securely in the barn every night, so that the 
bears, wolves, foxes and other wild animals could not get them, 
and after a long time of hard work and dreary waiting had the 
glad privilege of welcoming her husband and sons home again. 
They had been kept in prison in Montreal until the British officers 
decided they would not give a bounty for an old man and two 
boys, as they wanted men able bodied, young men, able to do 
military duty and as they did not answer the requirements of the 
service they were finally told to go, which they were very glad to 
do. They immediately commenced clearing up more land and 



51^1:^1^,1^1^^^^^^^;^''^^^^^ 








1^ "^ 



By ^c^^a^ C^7^ -1^ Esqwre, Colonel Commmdanf of 

the 3 ^Segment, in tic 2 Brigade and ^ Dtvisian oj the MilUia of 



the State oJ Vermmt. 

TO i^y-^^ 

YOU being elected 



sergeant in thej^*^=^Compai)y in said 



Ecpiment, by virtue of the authority to me given, reposing speci il trust in yr-ur pat- 
riotism, valor and good conduct, I do by virtue of these presents, authorise and 
ewpower you the said «s5w«*''^^** t^mrrf^ to act as>^^»Sc sergeant ia 
said company. 

You will, therefore, carefully and diligently discharge the duty olf^"^^^ 
sergeant in said coirpaiiv, according to military discipline and the laws of this 
stjte hn^ you are hereby required to pay. due obedience to your superior officerSf 
and all ofEcers and s Jdicrs under your command are hereby directed to ob( y you 
as their ^/^.<5%r sergeant, fur which this shall be your sufiicicnt warrant. 

Given under my handy this 
eight hundred and. /^ 



Jay of 



one thousand 



X^^ 



Received fir record, this ^ ^'^ d.i"y of (fU^^^ A. D. 181^ 
itnd made entry, of the same in the Regimental Book, page as the law directs. 

Jttest, 

Adjutant of said Regiment. 



Joseph Brown's Commission. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 287 

securing the crops. They enlarged their house and barn and the 
third year were quite comfortably situated, except that they were 
in continual fear of the Indians. After working quite hard for a 
long time, the boys decided to take a day or two off and go hunt- 
ing and fishing for a change. Accordingly one fine morning they 
started for the woods. A few days before a tailor by the name 
of Olds came to their house to make up some clothes and was at 
work by one of the windows where he could see out over 
the cleared land and looking up from his work he saw a party of 
twelve Indians coming from the woods towards the house. He 
immediately opened a window on the other side of the room 
and jumped out into the garden where Mr. Brown was at work 
and said, "Indians, Indians, run for your life," and, taking a 
course that would keep the house between him and the Indians, 
Olds succeeded in reaching the forest and escaped without the 
Indians seeing him. Mr. Brown used to say he never was more 
pleased in his life then he was to see Olds run. He said, "he was 
a little fat short legged man and being very scared every step he 
took his heels flew up against his coat tails so that .they stuck out 
like streamers. But Brown did not propose to run and leave his 
wife. She was up stairs and when she heard a great noise, came 
down and found a dozen great Indians dancing around the room. 
When they saw her they all gave one of their dreadful war 
whoops, and the leader of the party came up to her with a long 
sharp knife in his hand to cut her throat as she supposed, but in- 
stead of doing that he gave a loud laugh and cutting a string of 
gold beads she had around her neck he went dancing around the 
room and was greatly pleased that he had found such a rich 
treasure. 

Mr. Brown had two fine hunting dogs, one of them was very 
large and fierce, as he expected he might have to fight for his life 
he called the dogs to him and started to get his gun which was 
hanging up under the stoop at the backside of the house, but 
several of the Indians came rushing out of the back door and took 
him prisoner. They formed a ring around him, gave several war- 
whoops, brandished their knives, and tomahawks, and seemed to 
be enjoying themselves very much, but did not show any desire to 
injure him. So he thought from their actions and by the experi- 
ence he had had with the first party that very likely they hoped to 



288 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

get more money by taking them prisoners then by taking their 
lives, so he offered no resistance. They then began looking 
around to see what they could find. They killed both his cows, 
his hog, and all the hens. They saved the best of the meat to 
take with them. They then cut open the straw and feather beds 
and took the ticks and blankets to tie up the things they wanted to 
carry with them. Mrs. Brown had been doing up a week's bak- 
ing in the great stone oven and had set out the loaves of bread, 
pies, and cakes, on shelves in the back stoop to cool. The Indians 
ate what they wanted and then cut up the rest of the bread and 
spread butter on it and fed it to the dogs. After they had eaten 
all they wanted, one old Indian suddenly jumped at the smallest 
dog and knocked him over with his tomahawk, this enraged the 
large dog very much and he sprang at the Indian, bit him through 
his throat and threw him on his back. Then all the other Indians 
sprang for the large dog, and seeing they were too much for him 
he ran for the woods, and that was the last they ever saw of the 
old dog. After taking every thing they could carry, they set the 
house and barns on fire and buined everything up. They then 
started with their prisoners for Malletts Bay where they had left 
their canoes. These Indians were only a few of a large party 
who had come up the lake from Canada. The test went on up 
the Winooski River, down the White River to the Connecticut 
River and then down to the east part of the state; Between 
Winooski and Williston they captured an old hunter who had been 
up to Mr. Brown's a few weeks before. He was taken sick and 
kindly cared for at Mr. Brown's for some time. When he became 
strong enough to go on he did so, leaving without even thanking 
them for their kindness. 

When the Indians had captured him, and he saw he would 
most likely be taken into Montreal he told them if they would 
let him go he would tell them where there was a man, his wife, 
and two boys. This they agreed to and he showed them the line 
of marked trees which led from Williston up to Brown's clearing. 
They then let him go, but very shrewdly sent three of their num- 
ber over the other side of a hill, and when he came over in that 
vicinity they captured him again. So he did riot gain anything by 
his act of treachery. 

The Indians concluded the boys riiust be out in the woods 
and so left three of their number to secure them when they re- 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 289 

turned. The boys did not get back to the clearing until dark and 
were of course very much frightened when they found every 
thing burned up. The Indians hid behind a log in the fence, and 
when the boys came up they jumped up and gave a loud war- 
whoop. The boys immediately ran for the woods and as they 
were well acquainted with the place they succeeded in avoiding 
the Indians for some time. There was a piece of low brushy 
swamp land down near the river, and the boys hid under some 
trees that were turned up by the roots there, but after hunting 
for some time the Indians found them and immediately started 
with them for Malletts Bay. After an all night's tramp they 
came up with the rest of the party where they were camping on 
the lake shore. The party with Mr. and Mrs. Brown had reached 
the bay soon after dark and immediately made up a large fire on 
the shore. 

The Indians ate quite freely of their raw pork, and one of 
them cut out two, large pieces and brought them to Mr. and Mrs. 
Brown with the grease running down between his fingers, they 
could not eat the raw meat but did not dare to refuse it, and 
so held it for some time until another old Indian came up and 
took it, saying "good, good me eat." Mr. and Mrs. Brown had 
managed to hide some bread and cakes in their clothing and ate 
it after the Indians were asleep. In the morning the Indians 
caught some nice fish and roasted them with some of the meat 
and gave it to the prisoners ; this was very good and they enjoyed 
it very much. They then packed all their things in their canoes 
and the whole party started for Montreal, which place they 
reached in a few days, where the Indians turned their prisoners 
over to the British officers, who paid them eight dollars bounty for 
each of their prisoners. The Browns were confined in a prison 
near the officers' quarters and had to wait on them most of the 
time for about three years. They had very little to eat except 
the waste from the officers' tables. At the close of the; war of 
the Revolution, they were set free and told to go home. But 
they were all very nearly starved and their clothes all worn out 
and they had no home to go to. Mr. and Mrs. Brown were too 
feeble to start off on the long tramp to Jericho. So the boys 
found a place where they could stay and do some light work to 
pay for their board, while they found some work for themselves 



290 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

and earned enough to get some good stout clothes, some boots, 
a couple of good guns, and a good stock of ammunition, some fish 
hooks and lines, a couple of good axes, and a few light necessary 
things which they could carry in a bundle on their backs. They 
then told their father and mother to keep up good courage and 
they would return for them as soon as they could get a log house 
built and things in such shape that they could live at their old 
home. They then procured each of them a good heavy woolen 
blanket to sleep in and packing up their things in as small com- 
pass as possible started on their tramp through the woods to their 
desolate old home in Jericho. 

After two weeks of hard tramping and living on the game 
they could secure, getting what rest they could at night on soft 
boughs, they at last came to the old clearing. They at once 
went to work building a small log house, planted a httle corn, 
made a good garden, and then went down to Williston and found 
Chittenden and Barney had returned to their farms with quite a 
little stock, and many things for the comfort of their families. 
They let the boys have a couple of cows, two sheep, a pig, a few 
hens, a little flour, some corU-meal, and salt. 

They made a light sled and yoke for the cows, packed what 
they could on the sled and went back home feeling quite rich 
once more. 

The next week they made another trip to Williston for some 
seed corn, some wheat, and oats, etc. They then sowed an acre 
of wheat, a couple of acres of oats, and planted an acre of com 
and more garden seed. After building a log bam so thSt they 
could have a place to keep their stock safely, Charles weiit to 
Montreal for their father and mother while Joseph, Jr., stayed 
and took care of the things at home. He worked hard every day 
cutting brush and scrubbing up the land and preparing another 
piece for a fall crop of wheat so as to be in as good shape as pos- 
sible for the long Vermont winter which he knew would try their 
resources severely. 

At the end of nearly a month he was rejoiced to welcome the 
family home once more. They did not have any more trouble 
with the Indians, and as peace was declared with England they 
were relieved of the dreadful fear of capture and the destruction 
of their home. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 291 

They all worked very hard in clearing up the rest of their 
land and every year saw many new improvements on the farm. 
They built many rods of stonewall, and rail fence, and bought 
one hundred acres more land, part of which they cleared for 
pasture. In the meantime quite a number of new settlers came in 
to town, and soon the great forests were being rapidly cleared up 
and new houses built. Charles and Joseph, Jr., soon married 
and divided the farm, Charles took the northeast part from the 
town line to the Brown's River bridge and Joseph, Jr., the south 
part. The father and mother lived with Charles, and Joseph, Jr., 
built him a house on the hill where the roads intersect from Rich- 
mond and Jericho Comers with the old county road from 
Winooski River to Underbill. 

Joseph Brown, Jr. and Elizabeth Daily m. March 18, 1788. 
Their first child, David Brown, b. May 4, 1792 ; Truman Brown, 
b. Oct. 11, 1795; Joseph 3rd, b. Oct. 9, 1797; Tryphena, b. Oct. 
15, 1799; Bela, b. Nov. 16, 1801. 

After about 14 years of a hard working but happy life the 
mother was taken away, and about a year after the father mar- 
ried Polly Cady of Cambridge. She was a nice young lady who 
had worked in the family and made a most excellent mother for 
the children and also raised five children of her own : Elizabeth, 
Lovica, Rufus, Polly and Lucius B. She lived to see all these 
children grow up to manhood and womanhood and all were m. 
except Lovica whose health was not very good. This woman 
Polly Cady Brown was a most excellent specimen of a Vermont 
mother of the early days, strong and resolute, but lov- 
ing and kind. She kept all the children in their happy home un- 
til they were of age and ready to go out for themselves, and was 
always ready to give them a hearty welcome to the old home 
whenever they could return. She also took a little son of Truman 
Brown whose name was Eleazer and kept him until he was of 
age. She was an earnest working member of the Methodist 
Church, and she and Mr. Brown who was a member of the 
Episcopal Church were careful to bring up the children in the 
nurture and admonition of the Lord, and had the satisfaction to 
see tliem all become pien and women who could always be relied 
upon in every good work, and highly respected wherever they 
went. The Brown family were industrious, and learned to do 



292 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

all kinds of work in the house and outdoors. Joseph Brown, Jr., 
always raised a nice piece of flax and prepared it in the best 
manner for making up into household garments, and the mother 
and girls were skilled in the manufacture of fine linen and woolen 
cloths. This work all had to be done by hand ' in those days 
and they all took much pride in seeing how nicely they could 
do it. 

Mr. Brown learned to tan hides of all kinds and to make 
shoes and boots for the family. He also had a blacksmith 
shop, and could shoe his horses and oxen, and do many jobs 
of work needed on the farm. Thus much which others paid 
out was saved and helped to make the family independent and 
comfortable. The boys and girls were not idle, and running 
about the streets, but were always engaged in doing something 
for the comfort and enjoyment of the family. The boys were 
good carpenters and could put up a good house or bam, shingle 
and clapboard a building or mend any kind of wood utensils, etc., 
and spent many rainy days and winter evenings in the little 
carpenter's shop in making things for use and comfort in the 
home. Mrs. Brown always took great pride and comfort in 
having the largest and best flocks of hens, geese, turkeys, ducks, 
and fowls of all kinds, for which she received many dollars and 
also supplied her own family with much of the choicest eating. 
She had a full supply of the very best feather beds for her own 
home and some for each of her children when they commenced 
house-keeping. When there were children enough in the vicinity 
of the Brown's settlement to need a school, they put up at first 
a good log schoolhouse, and, as quite a number of the people were 
members of the church, they called it "Church Street School- 
house" and held meetings there quite often. Old Elder Fay 
lived where the Gleason farm now is, and being a minister of the 
Freewill Baptist denomination he often preached at this school- 
house. One of the ministers of the Methodist denomination 
generally had a preaching service there once a month, and Rev. 
Breek Bostwick, an Episcopal minister, whose father and brothers 
and sister lived there, often held service in this same Church 
Stre.et Schoolhouse, and these meetings were always well attended 
by people from all parts of Jericho and Underbill. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 293 

At one time during the War of 1812, it was necessary to 
convey a large number of troops from Burlington to Sacketts 
Harbor and it became necessary to press all those who had good 
teams into the service. Mr. Joseph Brown, Jr., had a good 
span of horses and a large double sleigh, and was therefore among 
the number who were obliged to go. It was very cold winter 
weather, the snow was deep, and there were so many teams on 
the road that it was very difficult to find comfortable places to 
stop, and therefore it was very uncomfortable for all who had to 
go, but there was no other way to do, as the government must 
have the teams, and no one wanted to let his team go without be- 
ing with them to see that they were fed and cared for as well as 
possible. Mr. Brown went and had a very long cold journey, dur- 
ing which he was often very hungry and could with great diffi- 
culty get enough to keep his horses from suffering. 

Referring to himself Mr. Barney says, "I think perhaps I 
may be now the oldest of the Brown and Barney families who 
has spent most of his life in Jericho, and I think Henry M. 
Brown is the oldest bearing the Brown name who has spent all 
his life there." 

In looking over the list of the Brown and Barney families 
and their descendants, I find that about 70 of the Browns and 
their descendants and over 60 of the Barneys have lived in 
Jericho at sometime." 

Concerning the Browns, Wallace B. Fish writes as follows : 

"In my opinion from researches made in the past, I believe 
that the Brown family, which located in Jericho, were direct 
descendants of the Browns that settled in Maine in 1617. They 
had a Joseph and Charles; I traced a Nathaniel to this family. 
Later a colony settled on the coast of Maine in 1617, coming 
from the same section of England as the first, three years before 
the Pilgrims landed, and assisted them in many ways especially 
in the way of food. They had a trading post with the Indians. 
The colony came from England with a fishing and trading outfit 
and Joseph Brown was their leader. 

About 1647 a part of the Brown family started out on an 
exploring trip, they first landed in Portsmouth, N. H., from there 
went to Boston and in time drifted to Rjiode Island. Here one 
of them Charles remained, the others went to Stonington and 
20 



294 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

New London, Conn. After a while a part of them started 
north, and in this party was a Joseph. This was a number of years 
after they reached Boston. No dates to go by until in 1740 or 
about that time a Joseph died in New Haven, Conn., and left a 
Charles, Joseph, and Nathaniel, also two daughters. Joseph and 
Nathaniel left for the North following the Connecticut River. 
Nathaniel was married at the time they located in Middletown, 
Conn., about 1741. Here I lost them as a jcombination, unless 
a John Brown that located near Meriden, Conn., was of this 
family. Some eighteen years ago I made the acquaintance of 
an old gentleman by the name of Charles J. Brown, on a Newport 
boat, who was very interesting and liberally educated. He was 
88 years old and had the Browns down to a fineness. I gave 
him my card, W. B. Fish, he at once wanted to know what the 
B. was for. I told him for Brown, and that my grandmother, 
on my father's side, was a daughter of Joseph Brown one of the 
early settlers of my native town in Vermont. He at once replied 
that I must have been born in Jericho, and asked me if I ever 
knew Zina Brown. I said I did very w.ell. He then told me that 
Zina was a distant relative of his, and that my grandmother 
must have been Zina's aunt and that he and I were of the same 
blood, and then he gave me much of the foregoing information 
and said that the Providence Browns were a direct line of the 
Browns that settled in Maine, in 1617, and that the Brown Uni- 
versity of Providence was founded by the same strain of Browns. 

I had much of their history before I met him, but his 
knowledge helped to corroborate it." 

The diflferences of opinion among the descendants regard- 
ing the origin of the family, the route pursued to get to the 
settlement, and other matters, are in the mind of the editor, more 
in appearance than in reality. Then, knowledge was disseminated 
from father to son, by word of mouth rarely by record, and 
traditions through different families might easily become diversi- 
fied. The essentials, however, seem to be confirmed in the minds 
of all. Only matters of minor importance vary. Mr. B. H. Day 
and Mr. Truman Barney trace the family ancestry to Connecticut. 
Mr. Wallace B. Fish attempts to go back still farther to Browns 
that came to Maine in -1617, and his assumption seems reason- 
able. Again, Mr. Day pictures their coming up the Connecticut 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 295 

and White Rivers and to the middle waters of the Winooski, then 
down that river while Mr. Barney says they came by Rutland, 
Vergennes, Williston, etc. The editor is unable to explain this 
difference of opinion unless possibly there might have been two 
'migrations. The other differences, principally in dates occur in 
the genealogy of all families unless care is exercised to write or 
print the record. So it has seemed best to print these differences 
and to leave the matter to the reader to draw his own conclusions. 
Hannah Brown's will is also given below : 

HANNAH brown's WILL. 

August the 20 1787 Jericho on onion River in the Name of god 
Amen 

As we are all mortal and my Self far gon in years i think it my 
duty to settle my affaires my ReSon firm my Body in good health 
my mind calm and quiet To prevent truble after my Death first 
i bequeath my soul to god that gave it my Body to be buired in a 
christian manner then to Settle worldly affaires to my well beloved 
Son and Daughter Nathanael Brown philanice calevan as they 
have had their portion and are gon and i expect nothing i give 
each of them five shilling and to my well beloved Sons Timothy 
Brown Charles Johnson Brown and Joseph Brown i do give one 
hundred and fifty acres of Land to them and their heirs forever 
in consideration they provide all things needful in sickness and 
health and take care of us Joseph and Hannah Brown During 
our naturul Life with a Decent burial after our Death the fifty 
to timothy is apart of fifty eight the Last to be Divided, betwixt 
Charles and Joseph is the Last Sixty two which we now Live on 
this is my Last will and testament as witness my hand 

Hannah Brown 
Sarah Castle 
Darius Post 
Darius Post Jiur , 

The following incidents have been related to me by the 
descendants of the Browns. It appears that Joseph Brown, Jr., 
in the War of 1812 was in the vicinity of Plattsburg, when he 
was commandeered to haul military supplies for the army and 
probably went as far as Sacketts Harbor. In obedience to these 



296 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

commands he was absent from home for over two months, 
being unable to inform his family of the reason of his enforced 
absence. For these services, however, Mrs. Brown drew a small 
pension from the government. 

Joseph Brown, Jr., it is said with equally good authority was " 
accustomed to team to Troy, N. Y., taking down produce and re- 
turning empty. Upon one of the return trips he drew back a 
bell which was placed in the Unitarian Church in Burlington, Vt., 
presumably the bell now in use. 

Joseph Brown, Jr., was very fond of hunting and once pur- 
sued a bear which took to flight by way of the creek. Mr. Brown's 
dogs led in the chase and encountered the bear in the thick under- 
brush where a lively fight ensued. The bear almost killed one 
dog, but was himself killed by Mr. Brown after a severe struggle. 
Mr. Brown at another time was hunting on Mt. Mansfield and 
had secured a fine deer when night came on and he was compelled 
to break thru the crust and scoop out the snow with his snow 
shoe, thus making a temporary shelter. He placed the venison 
in the hole and together with the dogs, himself covered with a 
blanket only, he spent the night, — his sleep, however, was fre- 
quently disturbed by the yawls of a panther, who was attracted 
to the spot by the dogs and venison, but did them no harm. 

During the Battle of Plattsburg, Sept. 11, 1814, a quarterly 
meeting was being held in what is now a barn owned by Mr. A. 
Bishop. The children remembered this meeting and how the 
cannon could be heard distinctly. The women were weeping, 
for many of the men of the settlement and Underbill had gone 
as soldiers. Some of the children took a small stone and put in 
a pile for each boom of the cannon they heard, and when the 
battle was over they counted the stones to determine the number 
of shots fired. 

Other stories of their exploits in hunting might be given, — 
for instance, Mr. Joseph Brown and his two dogs had chased 
a deer far upon the side of Mt. Mansfield, and when secured it 
had to be carefully watched thru the night against the attacks 
of wolves and catamounts and the next day drawn home on a 
large sled. On another trip when they were arranging their camp 
for the night one of the dogs appeared with his mouth filled with 
hedgehog quills. These, of course, Mr. Brown had to stop and 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 297 

extract, a not unusual procedure, and he had hardly finished 
when the other dog came in a similar predicament. 

Our own grandfathers were the little children of those far 
off days. How interested they must have been as they gathered 
about their aged grandsire, while the huge logs in the old fire- 
place glowed out heat and comfort to the household, to listen to 
his thrilling narratives of the hardships and adventures of these 
early settlers. And so for the moment, the writer has turned 
aside from the fact and theory to the incidental, in the hope 
that a little touch of the human might thus be given to the 
matter in hand, — i. e. the preservation in permanent record of the 
deeds of our ancestors. 



HISTORY OP JERICHO. v!eRMONT. 299 



PART EIGHTH. 

Treating of Miscellaneous Subjects. 
Collected and Edited by C. H. Hayden. 

Chapter I. 

AN ACCOUNT OF THE FLOOD OF 1914. 

By C. H. Hayden. 

The eastern side of Jericho reaches back upon Mt. Mansfield 
and the mountains adjacent. These, because of the height, often- 
times seem to delay the clouds and storms until their moisture 
has been precipitated or a current of air has swept them else- 
where; and it happens not infrequently that two or even three 
storm clouds from different directions become merged around 
the mountain peaks whose cooling atmosphere greatly hastens 
precipitation, thus producing what is familiarly known as cloud- 
burst. These are the forerunners of floods always resulting 
in damage. 

The worst within the memory of our oldest inhabitants, and 
probably in the history of the town, occurred July 8, 1914, be- 
tween 6 and 7 o'clock P. M., when three clouds, one from the 
south, another from the west, and still another from the north- 
west came together over the eastern portion of the town, where- 
upon the downfall of rain was exceedingly copious. In one place 
8 inches fell in an hour and a half, in another place 12 inches 
in the same length of time, and concerning the accuracy of these 
measurements there can be no question. 

The resulting flood was most disastrous as will be seen from 
the following excerpts taken from the Jericho Reporter : 

"A violent storm accompanied by the most terrific thunder 
and lightning known here for many years, passed oyer the town 



300 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

of Jericho on the afternoon of Wednesday, July 8th, between 
four and six o'clock. 

"All the farm lands near the banks of the river have suffered 
damage, not only crops of hay, corn and potatoes, so washed 
and filled with sand and debris as to be worthless, but acres of 
soil carried downstream, and the surface covered with rocks, 
gravel, fallen trees torn up by the roots, and other debris. Of 
nine bridges across the stream seven were washed away. 

"The roadway .approaching the bridges was cleaned out to 
the depth of the river bottom and in several instances for several 
hundred feet in length. Over two miles of the road-bed of the 
highway which runs alongside of the river were washed away, 
in some instances to a depth of five or more feet. 

"The resulting damage to the town in the loss of bridges 
and highways is variously estimated at from eight to ten thousand 
dollars. 

"The destruction of the crops and damage to the lands of the 
farmers will also run well into the thousands of dollars. Acres 
of grass just ready for cutting now lie flattened to the earth 
and covered with a deposit of gravel, sand and mud. Fields of 
grain, com, and potatoes were either washed away or lie buried 
with the silt. 

"The sorry and pathetic sight of it all is the condition in 
which the meadow of the Prouty place now owned by N. P. 
Gravell is left. This is a small farm of twelve acres lying 
alongside the river upon which was a nice apple orchard and 
fine' growing crops. Practically nothing is left of the place ex- 
cepting the land upon which the house and barn are standing 
and about a half acre of land at the upper corner, and now where 
there was a fine garden and crops is a broad expanse of river 
bottom of stones and boulders. Everything including the soil 
to a depth of from three to five or more feet having been carried 
down the stream. When the water had risen so as to cover the 
doorstep of the house the family decided it were better to leave, 
and narrowly made their escape by crossing the road to the top 
of the stone wall along which they walked for some distance to 
a place of safety. Mr. Gravell, a hard working man, and well 
along in years, purchased the place for a home about two years 




The Pcood, July 8th, 1914. Ruins of Road and Meadow. 

The Gravell Place. 

W. J. CoTEY Meadow on Lee Rivee, Ruined by Flood. 

Home of N. P. Gbavell. Neaely a Complete Ruin from This Flood. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 801 

ago and had done much in improving surrounding conditions. 
His plight is a sorry one. 

"Two bridges on Mill Brook in the southern part of the 
town were carried away by the high water. One near the 
Hanley farm in Nashville and one near the home of H. E. Bates 
in the Winooski Valley. Mr. Bates' dam and a shop also went 
out and were carried under the iron bridge below and into the 
Winooski River. The bridge near the farm of W. C. Field was 
loosened from the foundation and partly turned over. No other 
special damage was done by this river. 

"It is believed that not since the great flood which was 
about sixty-five years ago, on or about the year 1849, has there 
been so much damage done to the town. It is remembered by 
Geo. Cunningham that on that occasion the rain poured for 
three hours, or from six to nine P. M. and the lightning seemed 
like one almost continuous blinding flash. The damage at that 
time was mostly on Mill Brook, the bridges were all taken off, 
the channel widened so that in West Bolton, and on the Leary 
farm in Jericho, large tracts of fertile meadow and pasture were 
so covered with stones and gravel, that they have never been 
fully recovered to fertility." 

The accompanying cuts will indicate to the reader the 
havoc wrought about Mr. Gravell's place and represent fairly the 
damage done by the flood in the six mile sweep to the Brown's 
River. 



Chapter II. 

JERICHO TOWN LIBRARY. 

By Mrs. Jennie W. Hart. 

In the year 1899, according to a statute law of the State, any 
town not having a free public library, might receive one hundred 
dollars' worth of books from the State, providing it complied with 
certain conditions, viz.: Elect in town meeting a board of five 
library trustees, who should make application to the State Free 



302 HISTORY OF JERICHO. VERMONT. 

Library Commission for the books, the town binding itself to 
appropriate annually a specified sum, according to its grand list 
towards the maintenance of the library, also provide a suitable 
place for keeping the books, and appoint a librarian. A few 
people of the town- being eager that the town should avail itself 
of this provision of the State, caused the following article to be 
inserted in the warning for the March meeting of 1899, viz.: 
"To see if the town will elect a board of library trustees and in- 
struct them to make application to the State Board of Library 
Commissioners as provided by statute." The matter was presented 
in the meeting by L. F. Wilbur, who for the further encourage- 
ment of the town to act in the matter, ofiFered to add twenty five 
dollars, to the twenty five which would be the annual appropria- 
tion required from the town, thus starting the library witli one 
hundred and fifty dollars' worth of books. The town accepted 
the gift from Mr. Wilbur, voted the appropriation required, and 
elected the following board of trustees, viz. : Rev. Chas. E. Hay- 
ward, Mrs. Mary C. McGibbon, Anson Field, Mrs. Jennie W. 
Hart, and L. F. Wilbur. Mrs. Hart was appointed librarian. 
The term of office for the first trustee named on the board was 
one year, and of the last, five years, one going out of office each 
year, and another being elected in his place, or he might be 
elected as his own successor. Mr. \Mlbur, Mrs. McGibbon now 
Mrs. Hale, and Mrs. Hart have been in office continuously, until 
the present year, when Mr. Wilbur declined reappointment, and 
Mrs. Hart has acted continuously as librarian. 

The following is a clipping from the Burlington Free Press 
dated Sept. 9, 1899 : "In spite of the rain, quite a goodly num- 
ber of our townspeople were assembled in the school building 
hall, at Jericho, the evening of Sept. 1st, the occasion of the 
formal announcement, that the new Free Public Library is now 
open for the benefit of all the citizens of the town who wish to 
avail themselves of it." 

The occasion was marked by appropriate exercises, the main 
address of the evening given by Rev. Earl Wilbur. 

At the opening of the library, and each time purchases were 
made, the books were divided into three equal divisions, each 
village in town receiving a third of the whole number of books, 
and in each village, some benevolentiy disposed lady was found 



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304 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

the summer before, and thus testified his interest in his father's 
native place. 

Other lesser gifts have been received, both of money and 
books, including three or four hundred books from a private 
library association in town, at the start, twenty-five dollars from 
the Ladies' Aid Society of the First Congregational Church, some 
money from sales and entertainments, and for the last three years, 
the town has doubled the annual appropriation, making it $50.00. 

The library could use to excellent advantage more money 
with which to buy books, as, during the school year, there are as 
many distributing centres as there are school districts, also a 
building, if the library continues to grow as it has, will soon be 
a prime necessity. 



Chapter III. 

GRAND ARMY AND RELIEF CORPS. 

The accompanying cut shows the G. A. R. Hall situated in 
Jericho, but near the Underbill line, together with a group of 
Grand Army men. The cost of this building and its fittings has 
exceeded $3,000.00, yet it was paid in full and quite promptly, 
due to the energy and enterprise manifested by members of the 
Post and the Corps. The building also affords the community 
a hall for various' public gatherings, entertainments, etc., a neces- 
sity in village life. Decoration Day exercises have been a yearly 
occurrence since its dedication and even before. The attendance 
upon these occasions has always been large and enthusiastic, 
often phenomenal, exceeding all other days and occasions of the 
entire year. The following write-ups of the Post and the Corps 
are given in full : 

THE POST. 

Written by Mrs. Hattie L. Palmer. 

L. H. Bostwick Post, No. 69, was organized in Underbill, 
December 12th, 1883, with 43 charter members, who were re- 
cruited from Underbill, Jericho, and adjoining towns. Three 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 305 

of this number were transferred from Post 10 in Cambridge. 
The Post was named for Captain Lucius H. Bostwick, who was 
b. in Jericho, Sept. 24, 1837, the only son of Julius Hoyt Bost- 
wick, and Christia Chadwick Bostwick. He enlisted as Lieu- 
tenant in Co. F, 13th Regiment Vt. Volunteers, Sept. 10th, 1862, 
and was promoted to Captain in March following. After a few 
months of faithful service he was stricken with disease, and died 
in Washington. His body was brought to Vermont, and laid 
to rest among the green hills which he loved. A fine picture of 
him was presented to the Post by his sister, Mrs. Mary C. Walton, 
who also gave a generous sum towards the hall building. The 
Post is honored in bearing and thus keeping in remembrance the 
name of such a true man, and honored soldier. The first meet- 
ing of the Post was held in the upper room of the Old Academy 
where they organized with the following officers: L. F. Terrill, 
Commander; J. J. Monahan, Senior- Vice; W. W. Wheeler, 
Junior- Vice; A. C. Humphrey, Adjutant; A. W. Terrill, Quar- 
termaster; A. F. Burdick, Surgeon; F. D. Gilson, Chaplain; W. 
H. Hilton, Officer of the Day ; William Burroughs, Officer of the 
Guard. 

Memorial Day and Memorial Sunday services were estab- 
lished, and so much interest was manifested in their observance 
that the towns of Underbill and Jericho each appropriated twenty- 
five dollars yearly to assist the Post in thus honoring the memory 
of their comrades who have fallen. 

Post meetings were held in the Academy nearly six years, 
but the desire for a hall of their own was growing, and at a meet- 
ing in March, 1889, the advisability of building was discussed and 
a committee appointed to devise ways and means. This com- 
mittee consisted of J. J. Monahan, A. C. Humphrey, Victor 
Lovely, S. A. Hale, and T. S. Whipple. In April this committee 
called on citizens of that town to ascertain how much outside 
help could be obtained, and met with a generous response in addi- 
tion to the amount subscribed by the comrades. The funds were 
entirely inadequate to the work planned, but the comrades had 
faith, and were willing to work, and these qualities helped them 
to win out. In May, 1889, an association was formed having 
for its object, "To acquire, hold, manage and dispose of property 
in the towns of Jericho and Underbill for the benefit of L. H. 



306 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Bostwick Post, No. 69, and also in their discretion for the benefit 
of L. H. Bostwick Corps, No 19, and the association known as 
George A. Custer Camp, No. 7, Sons of Veterans ; also to make 
and carry into efifect such by-laws, rules and regulations as 
thought proper for the management of the association." 

At the May meeting a building committee was appointed 
consisting of Comrades Morehouse, Burroughs, and Woodruff. 
Comrade Morehouse was made treasurer and he presented to the 
Post the land on which the hall was erected, an addition to the 
land being purchased later. The comrades worked with great 
energy furnishing both labor and money, and soon the foundation 
was laid. The building was ready for dedication, Sept. 11th. 
There were suitable addresses and music, and a fine dinner was 
served to a large and enthusiastic crowd. There have been 
many and expensive alterations in the hall in the years since its 
erection, but to the comrades it has been a home all these years. 
There have been over one hundred names on the Post records 
since its organization and the following comrades have served as 
Commander for one or more terms : L. F. Terrill, A. C. Humph- 
rey, George Laselle, S. A. Hale, H. H. Paine, Cyrus Prior, T. S. 
Whipple, J. J. Monahan, W. M. Burroughs, S. M. Palmer, 
Robert White, D. L. Terrill and A. F. Burdick. 

A beautiful book for personal war sketches was presented 
to the Post and the Relief Corps, by Thomas W. Thorp and T. S. 
Whipple, and was accepted for the Post by Comrade A. C. 
Humphrey at a largely attended camp-fire in the hall. 

Comrade Humphrey paid an eloquent tribute to the bravery 
of the members of the Post, as well as all soldiers who had bortle 
an honorable part in the service, which made our country once 
more a united nation, with the Old Flag triumphant. The Post 
believed that it was not good for man to be alone, and they early 
took to themselves a helpmeet in the organization of the Wo- 
man's Relief Corps, and these two organizations have worked in 
harmony to promote fraternity, charity, and loyalty to which 
they are mutually pledged. 

Twelve of the charter members are living but only six of 
the number are left here to sustain meetings. The faithful few 
who have borne the burden for so many years, are: Amos C. 
Humphrey, Commander; Dr. A. F. Burdick, Wm. Burroughs, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 307 

George Laselle, S. M. Palmer, and Robert White. With in- 
creasing feebleness and decreasing numbers it was thought best 
to place fheir hall property in the hands of the Relief Corps. For 
report of this transfer see Relief Corps history. 

Number of comrades in the Post 1915 is 17. 

State Officers — J. J. Monahan served one year as Judge 
Advocate. 

L. F. Terrill represented the State at the National Encamp- 
ment at San Francisco. 

Names of the soldiers in the picture on another page. 

The first row, seated upon the ground or first step, beginning 
at the left of the picture. 

Robert White, M. D. Mead, T. S. Whipple, Robert Bixby, 
Thomas Preston, William Woodrufif, Samuel A. Hale, Simeon M. 
Palmer, James Carroll, Loyal Remington, P. S. Bullock. 

Second row seated upon steps : Mathew Tierney, A. C. 
Humphrey, Rev. Edwin Wheelock, Rev. S. S. Brigham, also 
Captain ; Lewis Tatro, George W. Tubbs, Horace Ellsworth, An- 
drew McGee, Henry Chase, Calvin Putnam, Visiting Comrade, 
Barney Mattimore, Newell Clark, John Cummings. 

Third row standing: L. F. Terrill, A. W. Edwards, Visit- 
ing Comrade, Marcus Hoskins, Dr. A. F. Burdick, J. M. Car- 
penter, John Jackson, Bliss Atchinson, Victor Plant, George W. 
Batchelder, G. C. Bicknell, Fred A. Fuller, George Laselle, Ho- 
bart Goodwin, Eugene Wells, H. H. Paine, J. J. Monahan. 

CORPS' HISTORY. 

By Mrs. Hattie L. Palmer. 

L. H. Bostwick Relief Corps, No. 19, was organized as an 
auxiliary to the Post March ISth, 1886, with twenty-one charter 
members. Its first officers were Susie A. Terrill, President; 
Mary C. Burdick, Senior Vice-President; Helen S. Humphrey, 
Junior- Vice; Hattie L. Palmer, Secretary; Maria C. Laselle, 
Treasurer; Helen Wright, Chaplain; Lucy J. Prior, Conductor; 
Amanda McDaniels, Guard. 

The Corps began their work with energy and enthusiasm 
and by way of entertainments and suppers rendered much assist- 



308 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

ance to the Post. The Post was presented with a beautiful silk 
flag, costing sixty-five dollars; the presentation being made by 
Mrs. Hattie L. Palmer, in the park on Memorial Day. 

In the Autumn of 1889, the Corps held a Fair which was a 
wonderful success. After the payment of all bills, the sum of 
three hundred dollars was paid on the hall. Within two years 
after this payment, the sum of one hundred dollars was paid at 
one time and later eighty dollars. The Corps have turned over 
to the Post seven hundred and forty dollars besides purchasing 
an organ at eighty dollars, and a piano at three hundred dollars 
and paying for same for use of the hall. They have furnished 
their rooms with dining tables, table linen, crockery and silver- 
ware sufficient to seat seventy-five people at once. They also 
paid for blinds for the entire hall. During all these years of 
service they have responded to many outside calls for aid. 
Several boxes have been sent to the Soldiers' Home, and the calls 
from Department and National Officers have met with as gener- 
ous response as finances and home needs would allow. 

The Corps invested sixty dollars in the book for Personal 
Sketches of Post Members. The Corps which at first was made 
up entirely of soldiers' relatives, admitted to its membership later, 
loyal women who desired to aid in our work, and we acknowledge 
hereby our great indebtedness to them. 

When the older members have grown weary, they have taken 
much of the burden and responsibility and greatly aided in the 
work accomplished. On December 12th, 1908, the Post observed 
its 25th anniversary at the hall. An excellent program consisting 
of readings, recitations and music was prepared and carried out 
by the Corps who got up the entertainment, and a fine silk flag 
was presented by Mrs. Hattie L. Palmer. Commander Humphrey 
accepted the flag for the Post and expressed their appreciation 
of the many' kind deeds of their auxiliary, which had given them 
so many happy days and memories. A fine dinner was served 
to Post, Corps and invited guests. Of the charter members, seven 
are living, five o-f the number being still members of the Corps, 
only three of these are in the active work of the Corps. They 
are Mrs. Maria C. Laselle, Mrs. Helen S. Humphrey, Mrs. Hattie 
L. Palmer. Following are the members who have served one or 
more terms as president : Mrs. Susie A. Terrill, Maria C. Laselle, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 309 

Adelia A. Whipple, Helen S. Humphrey, Mary C. Burdick, Hattie 
L. Palmer, Ella E. Tillison, Mary C. Hale, Medora Schweig, 
Ruth Sinclair, and Mrs. Dora A. Knight who is the present in- 
cumbent. In the Autumn of 1914 a meeting of Post and Corps 
was held, and it was proposed to place the hall property in the 
hands of the Corps. By advice of their attorney, articles of 
association were drawn up for this purpose: "To acquire, hold, 
manage and dispose of property for the benefit of L. H. Bostwick 
Corps, No. 19. By-laws, rules and regulations for the governing 
of said association were also drawn up and we were duly incor- 
porated under the laws of the State. The property was deeded 
to the Corps November 24th, 1914." A complimentary reception 
and dinner was given the Post January 1st, which was largely 
attended. Exercises suitable for the occasion were well carried 
out including a testimonial of thanks to the Grand Army for 
their confidence in the Corps in giving to their care the Grand 
Army Hall. 

Number of members in good standing, forty-eight. 

STATE OFFICERS. 

Hattie L. Palmer served as senior vice-president one year. 
Was elected State President and served one term; Mrs. Dora A. 
Knight served as State Secretary ; Mrs. Edith C. Colgrove served 
as State Treasurer. 

OFFICERS OF THE CORPS, 1915. 

Mrs. Dora A. Knight, President; Mrs. Medora Schweig, 
Senior Vice; Mrs. Sarah Ellsworth, Junior Vice; Mrs. Elnor 
Clark, Secretary; Mrs. Edith Colgrove, Treasurer; Mrs. Rennie 
Chase, Conductor; Mrs. Lois Rogers, Assistant Conductor; Mrs. 
M. C. Hale, Press Correspondent; Mrs. Hattie L. Palmer, 
Patriotic Instructor; Mrs. Helen S. Humphrey, Chaplain; Mrs. 
Clara Bartlett, Guard ; Mrs. Annie Gallup, Assistant ; Mrs. Clara 
Bennett, Mrs. Ella E. Tillison, Mrs. Lena Gaines, Mrs. Ursula 
Scribner, Color Bearers. 



21 



310 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Chapter IV. 

FRATERNITIES. 

Among the fraternal organizations of our town possibly that 
of the Masons is the oldest. 

I am personally indebted to Dr. W. S. Nay for the follow- 
ing sketch of Masonry and of McDonough Lodge, No. 26. 

FREEMASONRY IN JERICHO. 

Many of the old-time residents of Jericho and those now liv- 
ing in town have identified themselves with the Masonic fra- 
ternity. 

Formerly their membership was divided among lodges most 
convenient of access. Those from Jericho Center and vicinity, 
being nearer the Richmond line, became members of North Star 
Lodge, No. 12 of Richmond, while those at the Corners and 
nearer Underbill sought membership with McDonough Lodge, 
No. 26, located at Essex Center. Among those belonging to 
North Star Lodge were Lyman Stimson, Nehemiah Prouty, Rol- 
lin Lincoln, and Wareham Pierce, who were loyal to their lodge 
and the fraternity. 

Charles Hilton, Addison Ford, Cyrus Spaulding, L. B. Howe, 
James Hutchinson, Dr. A. F. Burdick, L. F. Wilbur, Esq., C. S. 
Palmer, Esq., Martin Packard, John Pratt, M. V. Willard, A. C. 
Spaulding, John Percival, and some others were members of Mc- 
Donough Lodge. Of those mentioned, Charles Hilton and C. S. 
Palmer have been Worshipful Masters of their lodge and all of 
these have proved their interest by attendance at lodge meetings 
and adherence to the principles of the craft. A large percentage 
of the membership of McDonough Lodge were residents of Jeri- 
cho and Underbill, and in 1880 and 1881 the idea of removing the 
lodge from Essex to Jericho was conceived and finally prevailed. 
For a time subsequently, it was felt by many members that it 
was not a wise act, although the membership of the Lodge rapidly 
increased and so did the' expenses attending its maintenance 
proportionally. At Essex, a hall was owned by the Lodge while 
at Jericho we were obliged to pay large rental. However, a good 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 311 

interest was evidenced among its members, who were mostly resi- 
dents of the towns mentioned, as nearly all of the Essex residents 
severed their affiliations after the removal and became members 
of other lodges more convenient of access. Among the resident 
members who held the Worshipful Master's chair were Dr. W. 
Scott Nay, Thomas W. Thorp, Frank A. Castle, Lucian H. Cha- 
pin, Dennis E. Rood, Fred A. Percival, and George Clerkin. In 

the building burned in which the Lodge hall was located and 

for a time a dispensation was obtained allowing meetings to be 
held in a convenient hall in the -pillage of Underbill Flats. In 
1906, fire again deprived them of a meeting place but for a short 
time only. 

A hall was provided by Dr. Nay in the building erected by 
him the same year, in which the Lodge is now pleasantly and 
Comfortably located. 

The writer notes a sad but interesting fact, that since the 
removal from Essex the local personnel of the Lodge has almost 
wholly changed. 

More than fifty of its members are deceased and a few have 
affiliated with organizations nearer their present homes. It is 
gratifying that some who are now non-residents still retain their 
membership with their home Lodge. Among such are the brothers 
John and Edwin Oakes and recently Bro. C. S. Palmer, who 
demitted to join elsewhere, has re-affiliated. The present flourish- 
ing condition of the Lodge is due to the earnest, painstaking ef- 
forts of its younger membership, which comprises some of the 
most respected and estimable men of the towns of Jericho, Under- 
bill, and Bolton. Among such to whom its success is attributed are 
Past Master William T. Mead, the faithful and efficient Secretary, 
Dennis E. Rood, the devoted Chaplain, Fred A. Percival, and 
the present capable W. M., Chauncey H. Hayden. 

It is felt that this institution has been a power for good in 
the community and town. The tenets of Brotherly Love, Relief, 
and Truth are faithfully taught and the adherence to the principles 
of Masonry are conducive to better manhood, better citizenship, 
and better moulding of Christian character. 

The editor wishes to add that McDonough has the dis- 
tinguished honor of having had three Grand Masters, Bro. N. P. 
Bowman in 1874-1875, Dr. L. C. Butler in 1881-1882, and Dr. W. 



312 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

S. Nay in 1899-1900. To the latter Dr. Nay, being also a citizen 
of Jericho, has thus come an honor highly appreciated by mem- 
bers of McDonough Lodge. The present membership is 83 and 
its officers are: C. H. Hayden, W. M.; C. E. Nay, S. W.; G. H. 
Hutchinson, J. W. ; John Schillhammer, Treasurer ; D. E. Rood, 
Secretary; H. L. Murdock, S. D.; G. R. Gile, J. D.; F. P. Tilli- 
son, S. S. ; L. C. Rogers, J. S. ; F. A. Percival, Chaplain ; D. A. 
Gallup, Marshal ; A. B. Joy, Tyler. 

MARY C. BURDICK CHAPTER. 

ORDER OF THE EASTERN STAR. 

Was organized in 1913, and has a membership of 46. 

Its officers are : Worthy Matron, Mrs. Ella TiUison ; Worthy 
Patron, G. Herbert Hutchinson; Assistant Matron, Mrs. Martha 
Nay ; Conductress, Mrs. Medora Schweig ; Assistant Conductress, 
Mrs. Clara Nay ; Secretary, Mrs. Carrie Percival ; Treasurer, Mrs. 
Edith Colegrove ; Chaplain, Mrs. Ursula Scribner ; Marshal, Mrs. 
Edith Lee; Organist, Mrs. Mamie Percival; Adah, Mrs. M. Alice 
Hayden ; Ruth, Mrs. Rennie Chase ; Esther, Mrs. Alma Scribner ; 
Martha, Mrs. Fanny Gomo; Electa, Mrs. Lottie Hutchinson; 
Warder, Mrs. Alice Tatro ; Sentinel, P. S. Scribner. 

MINERVA LODGE NUMBER 21. 

KNIGHTS PYTHIAS. 

Was organized in 1898, has held meetings in Jericho much of 
the time since its organization, but for the future will be perma- 
nently located in Underhill, having recently built a new hall there. 
The membership is quite largely of Jericho, however. At the 
present time the Lodge numbers 62, and its officers are : Chancellor 
Commander, Harley F. Ross; Vice-Chancellor, Dr. Frank B. 
Hunt ; Prelate, C. H. Hayden ; Master of Work, P. S. Coleman ; 
Keeper of Records & Seal, R. H. Metcalf ; Master of Finance, 
David A. Gallup ; Master of Exchequer, E. J. Corse ; Master of 
Arms, Howard M. Haylette; Inside Guard, Guy I. Bicknell; 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 313 

Outside Guard, F. A. Thompson ; Trustees, John A. McKeef e, E. 
W. Henry and F. S. Jackson. 

The basic principles of this Fraternity are Friendship, Char- 
ity, and Benevolence as exemplified in the Ancient Grecian 
Episode of Damon and Pythias. An example of friendship as 
refreshing as it was strange and unheard of in those cruel times. 

MIZPAH TEMPLE NUMBER 14. 

PYTHIAN SISTERS. 

Was organized in 1907 and has a membership of 55, includ- 
ing honorary members, and its officers are : Most Excellent Chief, 
Mrs. Emma McKeef e; Most Excellent Senior, Mrs. Emma Dick- 
inson; Most Excellent Junior, Mrs. Anna Gallup; Mistress of 
Records and Correspondence, Mrs. Lillian M. Cross ; Mistress of 
Finance, Mrs. Clara Bartlett; Manager, Irene Bruce; Protector, 
Mrs. Carrie Bruce ; Guard, Mrs. Mae Moulton ; Past Chief, Mrs. 
Martha Irish; Trustees, Mrs. Lou Ayer, Mrs. Leora Kirby, and 
Mrs. Laura Rockwood. 

THE GRANGE. 

Mr. Frank G. Pease has furnished the following information 
respecting Mt. Mansfield Grange, Number 441, Patrons of 
Husbandry, located at Jericho Center. This Grange was organ- 
ized Nov. 13, 1909, and has at present a membership of 55 in 
good standing. The good work of this Grange is very manifest. 
In 1912 they conducted a lecture course given by the professors 
of the Agricultural College. Later an Agricultural School was 
conducted by the college extension, which was of special interest 
to the student farmer. The present officers are : Master, Charles 
Moran; Overseer, Fred Bliss; Lecturer, Mrs. Kate B. Isham; 
Steward, W. V. N. Ring ; Assistant Steward, Earl Kinney ; Lady 
Assistant Steward, Barbara Stiles; Chaplain, Rev. S. H. Barnum; 
Treasurer, A. P. Byington; Secretary, Mrs. Fred Bliss; Gate 
Keeper, Max Stiles ; Ceres, Mae Eldridge ; Pomona, Mrs. Sadie 
Packard; Flora, Bernice Bullock. 

Past Masters, Dr. H. D. Hopkins, Frank G. Pease, W. J. 
Nichols. 



314 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Mr. Oliver J. Lowrey, now deceased, was very prominently 
connected with the fearly grange movements and was Grand 
Lecturer of the State Grange for many years. Other granges 
have at different times been located in town. 

FOREST CAMP NUMBER 9068. 

MODERN WOODMEN OF AMERICA. 

Was organized January 9, 1901 with 21 Charter members. 

The Camp has always been an excellent one and has at 
present 43 members. The officers are : Consul, George Costello ; 
Adviser, T. H. Bruce; Banker, John Schillhammer ; Clerk, Jed 
T. Varney; Escort, E. H. Gomo; Watchman, Fred Foster; 
Sentry, E. G. Nealy; Managers, C. F. Reavy, E. G. Irish, H. 
W. Sinclair. The first Consul was G. L. Clerkin. This Camp 
hold their meetings at Jericho Corners. 



THE JERICHO CORNET BAND. 

From the early days at various times the citizens of Jericho 
have had a band at the Corners or at the Center. These bands 
have always been well led, and have been composed of excellent 
musicians. One of the early leaders was George Sherman, whose 
reputation became statewide later as the leader of Burlington's 
famous cornet band. Willie Buxton was a capable leader for 
several years. Mr. P. S. Thompson was at another and earlier 
period a prominent member, as was also Mr. RoUin M. Clapp and 
many others. Lucius Howe was for years a member of this band 
who had marked ability as a musician. Few organizations have 
contributed more to the pleasure of our people than these Cornet 
Bands, and much more doubtless ought to be written in this con- 
nection only for the lack of opportunity to get the facts. 

TEMPERANCE ORGANIZATIONS. 

Among the Temperance Organizations, the first probably 
was that of the Sons of Temperance. The older people readily 
recall the interest that this organization awakened in temperance 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 316 

matters. "Reform Men's Clubs," later were organized in town, 
which also aroused great interest. 

Lodges of the Independent Order.of Good Templars existed 
in each of the villages at different times for many years. There 
were especially large and influential Lodges at Jericho Center and 
at Jericho Corners. In those days everybody seemed to be en- 
gaged in temperance work, with the general result that the use 
of intoxicants for purpose of beverage was at a mininum. No 
organization of a temperance nature has left a deeper impress 
upon the character of our people than the Good Templars, and, 
while it is a matter of regret that that order is decreasing with 
us, it is a source of inspiration to know that the order is increas- 
ing mightily in other countries, and that this order is world wide 
in its activity and influence. 

Pledge taking, and pledge keeping is the unique work of this 
magnificent order. 

Mr. Chauncey H. Hayden served as Grand Chief Templar of 
the State Grand Lodge for 20 years. 

Several times have the Woman's Christian Temperance 
Union organized in the various villages, always with good results, 
but this most excellent organization likewise seems to be on the 
wane. Mrs. M. J. Wilbur, and Mrs. Ella Lee Parker were 
among those who were especially active and prominent in W. C. 
T. U. work in town and in the State. 

Note — I am indebted to Rev. S. H. Barnum for the follow- 
ing including the Female Cent Society. 

The Jericho Temperance Society was organized Oct. 13, 
1829, and its articles required total abstinence from the use of 
ardent spirits, wine and ale, except for sacred and medicinal 
purposes. Simeon Bicknell was the first president and Thomas 
Rood secretary. One hundred and sixty-six signers to the con- 
stitution are named in the records. Frequent meetings were 
held, addresses given and temperance in various bearings dis- 
cussed. It appears that a youth's society was also in existence 
and the propriety of uniting the two was coftsidered. Whether 
this was done or not, in 1836 a new constitution was adopted. 
Among its provisions was one for a committee of vigilance to 
notice and report transgressions of the pledges of which there 



316 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

were two. One was against the use of ardent spirits or furnish-- 
ing it to laborers or friends, except in good faith as a medicine. 
For this 117 signers were secured. The other pledge was of 
total abstinence and meant abstaining from all intoxicating 
drinks in any form, wine or ale not excepted unless for sacred or 
medicinal purposes. This received 158 signatures. Rev. E. W. 
Kellogg became president and Lucius L. Lane secretary. At one 
meeting a resolution was adopted asking all the churches in town 
to require a verbal pledge of total abstinence from all who de- 
sired admission. The last record of its meetings bears date of 
Jan. 7, 1840. 

Temperance was still a live subject, for in 1842 the Jericho 
Center Temperance Society was formed with a total abstinence 
pledge and a purpose of helping those who wished to reform. 
Abram Jackson, A. Warner and John Benham were successive 
presidents. A systematic canvass for signatures resulted in se- 
curing 348. How long the society continued is not certain, but 
the last meeting recorded was in Jan., 1849. 

JUVENILE LIBRARY SOCIETY. 

This was a society formed July 18, 1809, for the establish- 
ment and circulation among its members of a library. Each 
original member paid one dollar and became possessor of a right 
which could be sold. The records run to 1817, and the names of 
66 members are on the book. 

BIBLE SOCIETY. 

The first Union Bible Society of Jericho, having collectors 
for each district, was in existence from Jan. 18, 1828, to Oct. 20, 
1832, when officers were elected, but nothing further is set down. 

TRACT SOCIETY. 

An auxiliary Tract Society was formed Oct. 23, 1831, and a 
canvass for donations secured $31.49. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 317 

THE FEMALE CENT SOCIETY. 

This has been the most permanent institution in town, ex- 
cept the church. In the summer of 1805, tradition says, a few 
women met in Jericho to devise some plan to do good. They 
hardly knew what to do. "Not a Female Society was known in 
all this northern region." They continued their meetings for 
some months, and were at length regularly formed into a Society 
under the guidance of Rev. Ebenezer Kingsbury, their pastor. 
His wife and six others were the first members. Their earliest 
written document bears the date July 31st, 1806; its title is "Arti- 
cles of the Female Religious Society in Jericho." There is also 
a pledge signed by the first members, four of them promising to 
give fifty cents yearly for missions, and three twenty-five. They 
met and prayed and talked and gave their money for years. 

In 1812 Rev. John Denison, their pastor, assisted in forming 
a Young Ladies Society, with twelve members ; in four years the 
number increased to forty-one. 

In 1816 the two societies were united, and called "The Fe- 
male Cent Society of Jericho." About seventy members united, 
each was to pay fifty cents yearly into the treasury. 

In 1877, under the lead of Mrs. Hazen, it became auxiliary 
to the Woman's Board of Missions. The whole number of mem- 
bers from the beginning is some two hundred and seventy, and 
the whole amount of money given seventeen hundred dollars: it 
has been given to Home and Foreign Missions, the Bible Society, 
American Tract Society, American Education Society, American 
Missionary Association. 

In 1832 the Ecclesiastical Society being unable to raise the 
salary of Rev. H. Smith, the Cent Society gave nineteen dollars 
towards it. Again in 1835 the Society renewed their request for 
aid and received it as a loan, because "some objection was made 
to giving the money thus all at home," but it does not appear 
that the loan was ever repaid. 

None can tell us all the good the money given in these more 
than four score years has done in this and other lands ; noae can 
estimate what the prayers and labors of the givers have done for 
this town and the world. The great day will disclose it. 

The life and soul of the Society for many years was Mrs. 



318 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

John Lyman, long Secretary, Treasurer and leader. One mem- 
ber of this Society, Andelucia Lee, went as a missionary — ^first a 
teacher of the Indians in New York. In 1836 she married Rev. 
Daniel T. Conde, and went to the Hawaiian Islands ; after twenty 
years of labor she died there. Thus not only by its prayers and 
gifts of money, but by one of its own members, this Society had 
a part in transforming those pagan islanders into a christian 
Commonwealth. 

It may be added that in 1906 the centennial of this society 
was celebrated in an afternoon and evening gathering which was 
fully attended by its members and by representatives of neigh- 
boring societies. It was then stated that the society had given to 
missionary causes during one hundred years about $2,500. For 
the first few years, but four or five dollars were contributed an- 
nually. This amount gradually increased till from 1817 to 1843 
the yearly gifts were from $20 to $30. From 1843 to 1865 the 
range was from $10 to $20. Then for a number of years the 
amount was larger, but in the 80's it dwindled till it had fallen 
to $7. Then an improvement began till in the early years of this 
century it reached from $42 to $58. It has been touchingly said : 
"In not a few cases husbands, whose wives were members while 
living have after their death considered their love and interest in 
the society a sacred trust, and have continued to give their weekly 
mite long after the hand that first directed it into the Lord's 
treasury has struck the harp above." The earliest records were 
carefully written out by Mrs. Marcia Gibbs and are of great 
value. The original constitution with the names of its earliest 
signers is also preserved. Since the centennial meeting the work 
has continued to prosper. 

(From Centennial Celebration 1st Church). 

THE MATERNAL ASSOCIATION OF JERICHO. 

This chapter will be brought to a close with a short account 
of the Maternal Association of Jericho, the facts of which have 
been handed me by a friend. 

The editor ventures the assertion that very few in town 
of the present generation knew of the existence of such an organ- 
ization and its wonderful interest. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 319 

In 1833 some of the good mothers of the town formed a 
society with the above name for the purpose of praying and labor- 
ing together for the conversion of their children. They met at 
private houses the last Wednesday in each month, and at the 
quarterly meetings in January, April, July and October, the exer- 
cises were adapted to the children from the age of four to twelve 
or, in the case of girls, to fourteen. A small library of the most 
suitable books of the time was obtained and their counsel dis- 
cussed. Records for two years in the possession of R. B. Field, 
show that during that time 28 mothers and 81 children were mem- 
bers. Marked devotion and earnestness were manifest. Mrs. 
Almira R. Field was secretary. 



Chapter V. 
SNOW BEAUTIES. 

It is with much satisfaction that we devote one chapter 
to the discussion of snow crystals. As townsmen we take just 
pride in the fact that one of our citizens. Prof. Wilson A. Bentley, 
has attained the top-most round in the ladder of fame among 
the scientists of the world, as a specialist in the study of the 
snowflake. He has made a study of these snow beauties for 
more than thirty years, commencing at the early age of 17, aided 
in the beginning by his mother, from whom he derived much 
encouragement. His chief inspiration, however, seems to have 
been in the exquisite beauty and infinite variety of formation. He 
has secured 2,240 photo-micrographs of snow and thousands of 
photos of other water forms, frost, ice, dew, clouds, hail, etc. 
An article from his pen appeared in Popular Science Monthly in 
1898 which attracted much favorable comment. For a list of his 
articles, see Bentley Genealogy. His services are much sought 
as a lecturer on these and kindred topics. We quote in full from 
his article "Marvel of the Snow Gems," printed by the Technical 
World. 

"What magic is there in the rule of six that compels the 
snowflake to conform so rigidly to its laws? Here is a gem- 



320 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

bestrewn realm of nature possessing the charm of mystery, of the 
unknown, sure richly to reward the investigator. 

"For something over a quarter of a century I have been 
studying it and the work has proved to be wonderfully fascinat- 
ing, for each favorable snowfall, during all these years has 
brought things that were new and beautiful to my hand. I have 
never yet found a time when I could entertain an idea of re- 
linquishing it. During the time that I have carried on the work, 
I have secured sixteen hundred photo-micrographs of snow 
crystals alone, and no two are alike. Is there room for enthusi- 
asm here ? Doubtless these pictures serve to represent with some 
fairness almost every type and variety of snow that occurs in 
nature, but they show scarcely an infinitesimal fraction of the in- 
dividual variation of form and interior design among the count- 
less myriads of crystals comprising each type. 

"The clouds, and the tiny liquid particles — water dust — of 
which they consist, play no part in true snow crystal formation. 
They coalesce only to form the amorphous — agranular — ^varieties 
of the snow, or to coat true, mature crystals with granular ma- 
terial. The true crystals, .forming the bulk of the snowfall, are 
formed directly from the almost infinitely small and invisible 
molecules of water in solution within the air, and floating between 
the vastly larger cloud particles. 

"Most of the crystals are, of course, imperfect, made so 
especially during thick and heavy snowfalls, largely as a result 
of crowding and bunching during development, or to fracturing 
due to violent winds. In general, the western quadrants of wide- 
spread storms furnish the majority of the more perfect tabular 
shapes. As a rule low clouds, if relatively warm, tend to produce 
the more rapidly growing open branching forms, and the inter- 
mediate and upper clouds, if relatively much colder, the more 
solid, close columnar and tabular forms. Sometimes, however, 
crystals differing but slightly or not at all from those falling 
from storm clouds, drop out of apparently cloud-free skies. 

"Much wonder has been excited, because the snow crystals 
exhibit such a bewildering diversity and beauty. They form with- 
in a very thin gaseous solvent, the air, and this allows the mole- 
cules of water an unexampled freedom of motion and adjust- 
ment while arranging themselves in crystal form. The fact 




Peof. Bentlet's Snow Beauties. 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 321 

doubtless largely explains why the crystals of snow far exceed 
other crystals in complexity and symmetry. Snow crystals, like 
all crystals of water, develop under the hexagonal system and 
invariably divide into six. Nothing absolutely certain is known 
as to why they grow thus, except as it is assumed that the num- 
ber and arrangement of the attractive and repellent poles possess- 
ed by the molecules of water, impose this habit of growth upon 
them. This dividing into six is necessarily discussed and best 
explained in somewhat technical sounding terms. We may assume 
each water particle or molecule possesses two opposite pri- 
mary poles, positive and negative, corresponding in direction with 
the main tabular axis of the crystals, and in addition three of six 
equidistant secondary poles arranged around what may be called 
the equatorial diameter of the molecules. Water, being a dia- 
magnetic substance, and susceptible to polar repulsion, presumably 
has a tendency to arrange itself thbs, in a position between and 
at right angles to the primary electro-magnetic poles. This align- 
ment of the lines of growth, opposite to the lines of greater mag- 
netic force, would compel the crystals of snow to grow mainly 
outward in the directions of their equatorial diameters and sec- 
ondary poles. This theory would perhaps best explain why the 
crystals grow upon thin tabular or in the hollow columnar form, 
and increase so little in the direction of their main axes, that is, 
in the direction in which, it is assumed their main positive and 
negative poles lie. 

"Each of the six parts or segments of the crystals, while in 
process of growth, increases simultaneously outward, yet each 
one usually grows independently and by itself. So each of the 
six parts may, for all practical purposes, be considered as being 
a separate crystal by itself, and the whole as being an aggregate 
of growing crystals. And the law under which they form not only 
gives them a general hexagonal plan of growth, but in addition 
gives them two specific secondary habits of growth under the 
same plan. 

"We may best distinguish these as the outward or ray habit, 
and the concentric or layer habits of growth respectively. The 
ray habit causes growth to occur always outward and away 
from the nucleus. This tends to produce open branching forms. 
Crystals that grow rapidly, or within relatively warm low clouds, 



322 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

usually build upon this plan. In the case of the concentric or 
layer habit, growth tends to arrange itself in massive form, 
around the nucleus. This tends to produce the close, solid flakes. 
Slowly growing crystals, as the columnar, form solid tabular 
hexagons, and all such as crystallize in a very cold atmosphere, 
or at great altitudes, usually grow according to this latter habit. 
Snow producing clouds, if single, are perhaps as a rule of some 
depth, or if double, or multiple, vary one with another in tem- 
perature. The growth, habits and conditions under which the 
crystals form therefore are commonly unstable, with a mul- 
tiplicity of diverse conditions, tending to hasten or to retard their 
rates of development, and momentarily, at least, to change or 
modify their forms. This state of things may cause them to grow 
after solid plans at one moment and altitude, after branching 
plans at another, after composite plans at yet others, and tends 
to cause them to become increasingly complex in outline and 
structure as growth progresses. 

"In those especial cases where the crystals form and grow 
wholly within a single relatively thin and uniform cloud, as with- 
in low detached clouds, for instance, they are likely to follow 
from start to finish after one single, uniform plan, and all be 
very much like each other. The frail branching snow crystals, 
falling during snow flurries, are oftentimes of this character. 
In some cases, the crystals will form composite fashion, after but 
two specific plans. A solid, mosaic centerpiece portion will form 
within a cold upper air stratum and, falling earthward, acquire 
branching additions at some lower, warmer level. Composite crys- 
tals of this character perhaps exceed all others in beauty of 
design, combining into one, as they do, the two most beautiful 
types of snow. 

"It is all most marvelous and mysterious, these changing 
habits of growth, and this momentary shifting about of the points 
of maximum development. Growth ofttimes occurs in alter- 
nate order, first at the comers of the hexagon, and then at the 
sides. In some cases, this pendulum-like swing of outgrowth 
may continue from beginning to end. 

"But perhaps the most wonderful fact of all is the marvelous- 
ly symmetrical way in which all this is accomplished. If a set of 
spangles or branches, or tiny hexagons or other adornments, form 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 323 

and grow at certain points upon any one of the six, or alternate, 
rays, or segments, similar or identical ones are almost sure to 
form at the same places and moments on all of the others, so 
that the balance of form is always kept unimpaired. 

"It appears as if the magic that does this might be, in part 
at least, of an electric nature, and due to the presence of tiny 
electric charges around their peripheries. Would not the presence 
at certain points, and the absence at others, of tiny electric 
charges, shifting momentarily about, as fresh charges collected, 
and causing momentary realignments in the locations of the sev- 
eral charges, stimulate growth at certain points and retard it at 
others? It seems worth while tentatively to advance this theory, 
as a possible explanation of these perplexing mysteries. But it is 
a fascinating mystery this, that the crystals assume such a mar- 
velous diversity of form, though forced by the crystallographic 
law under which they come into being to assume always the 
hexagonal form. Six rays or parts, there always are, yet what 
an amazing variety these parts exhibit among themselves. In- 
dividual crystals of the open, branching variety, differ one from 
another, in the shape, size or thickness of their primary rays and 
these rays in turn, in the number, size or shape, of the secondary 
branches that they possess. Those of solid tabular form differ 
as to their layers, or segments, and in the number and arrange- 
ment of the air tubes and shadings within them. Similarly those 
of a quasi-open formation vary in individual cases. In their 
spangles, the tiny hexagons composing them, as well as in the 
way in which these are combined with each other, or with rays, 
and arranged around the central nucleus. Yet in innumerable 
cases the crystals assume, at some one or more stages of growth, 
identical forms and outlines. It often happens that their nuclei, 
or ultimate outlines are alike, yet it seems to be rarely the case 
that any two pass through a long series of such changes of 
form. Hence the astonishing variety. 

"Snow crystals are noted among crystals, because they bridge 
over and include within themselves so much of the solvent, air, 
wherein they form. This remarkable habit, in connection with 
the multitudinous changes of form, gives great richness and com- 
plexity to their interior designs, and lends endless interest to their 
study. The air tubes and shadings have a biographical value, for 



324 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

they outline more or less perfectly, transitionary forms. The air 
tubes are largely formed while the crystals or parts of such, are 
in process of solidification, as at the moment when branch unites 
to branch, layer to layer, or segment to segment, and so growth 
may be traced through its successive stages. 

"The snow crystals being, in the truest sense, exquisite works 
of art in themselves, charmingly adapt themselves to a great 
variety of uses in the industrial arts, and in various other ways. 
These uses are steadily broadening, though they and their artistic 
possibilities have been as yet hardly discovered or realized by 
artisans in general. Metal workers and wall paper manufacturers 
are, however, beginning to realize their value, and there should 
be a great field of usefulness for them in these lines. They also 
seem well adapted for use in designing patterns for porcelain, 
china, glassware and many other things. Silk manufacturers 
are beginning to see their adaptability as patterns. Their value 
as models in the realm of pure art is also being demonstrated. 
Their uses as models in schools of art, and craft shops are 
steadily increasing. Only recently Dr. Denman W. Ross, lec- 
turer at Harvard on the theory of pure design, has adopted a 
large number for classroom use. Prof. James Ward Stimson 
used them to illustrate the 'beauty of nature's art,' in his book, 
'The Gate Beautiful.' 

"Perhaps their greatest field of usefulness, however, is along 
other lines as objects for nature study, and for illustrating the 
forms of water. They should be invaluable to the crys- 
tallographer, for they show the forms and habits of growth of 
crystals in a most charming way. 

"Certain it is that normal and high schools, universities and 
museums both here and abroad, are finding them most useful 
in an educational way. One university alone — ^Wisconsin — ^has 
over one thousand lantfern sHdes of snowflakes. 

"Indeed it seems likely that these wonderful bits of pure 
beauty from the skies will soon come into their own, and re- 
ceive the full appreciation and study to which their exquisite love- 
liness and great scientific interest entitle them." 




The Barber Farm Summer Resort. 

Bennett Elm. "Woodman Spare That Tree." 

The Tkuman Galusha Place. 




1-5 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. ' 325 

Chapter VI. 

A RAMBLE ABOUT TOWN. 

By C. H. Hayden. 

The reader, guided somewhat by the illustrations which are 
produced in this chapter, is invited to go with me in a jaunt 
through town for the purpose of considering matters, some of 
which otherwise might possibly be left out. In point of time sup- 
pose we start after the snows of winter have disappeared, as the 
adder tongues are just piercing through the leafy mat of the 
woods, and as the sweet scented arbutus first smiles upon the 
eager searcher, when the gentle zephyrs sway the yet leafless 
boughs and the songs of returning birds seem to inspire us with 
new hopes. The accompanying cut represents the summer resort 
built up under the management of the late Edgar L. Barber and 
family. This property is delightfully situated on an elevation 
overlooking the picturesque valley of the Winooski River and 
the homes of the Chittendens, Martin, Noah, and Thomas. Not 
far away stood the first settlers' log fort and near by the trail fol- 
lowed by the Indians. Probably the Roods were the first owners 
of this land. Summer visitors and tourists have come to this 
famous resort in great numbers in recent years, as its popularity 
seems to be increasing. The caring for summer boarders rep- 
resents an industry, which might be greatly developed in our town, 
since fresh air, pure water, and scenic beauty have combined to 
make Jericho a delightful retreat for tired nerves. Going north- 
ward we pass by a flock of sheep. In days gone by, raising of 
sheep was much more of an industry than at the present time, 
as the number in the entire town is at present reported to be only 
162. Formerly the wool was spun into yarn by the thrifty house- 
wife, and woven into cloth to the delight and comfort of the 
children. In those early days there were in town two woolen 
mills, one at Jericho Corners, Bissonette's tin shop, and the 
other on Lee River, near Harrison Wilder's, each a large build- 
ing doing an extensive business. The bell in the former is now 
in the Graded School building. Underbill, Vt. And now we are 
going by a herd of cattle "feeding their way home." The in- 
22 



326 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

habitants of our town own at the present time 1,924 milch cows, 
according to the report of the State Commissioner of Agricul- 
ture. 

The yearly income from a cow varies from $60.00 to $127.00, 
$75.00 being possibly a fair average, which means a grand total fdr 
the town of $144,300.00 received for milk, cream, and butter. 
Closely associated is the income derived from fattening calves 
and swine amounting approximately to $35,000.00. Formerly but- 
ter was made at home by the farmers' wives and sold to the 
merchants, varying greatly in price and quality, cheap in the flush 
of the season, high in the winter. Now butter is manufactured 
by creameries, Government inspected, and is uniformly good. 
Nor do prices fluctuate as of old, since the cold storage facilities 
enable our people to hold butter in prime condition for several 
months. No cheese is made in town at the present time, although 
25 years ago more cheese was manufactured than butter. The 
number of registered cattle is rapidly increasing and throughout 
town may be found as fine specimens of thoroughbreds as the 
country produces, valued as high as $250.00 per cow — Holsteins, 
Jerseys, Guernseys, and Ayrshires are the favorites. At Jericho 
Center is located the Borden Condensed Milk Co.'s plant, where 
milk and cream are received from the farmers. The prices paid 
the farmer per hundred for milk during 1914 is said to have 
ranged from $1.15 to $1.85 per hundred. The Cooperative 
Creamery, Riverside, owned by farmers, received during 1914, 
■546,414 lbs. cream, 202,785 lbs. of milk, from which was manu- 
factured 167,058 lbs. butter and for which they paid the patrons 
$48,885.85 besides the cost of manufacture, which was $4,319.92. 
Dairying is Jericho's principal industrial calling. 

Next in our journey through town we find ourselves under 
the gracious shade of a gigantic elm in full leafage. It is the 
Bennett Elm. Numberless elms about town adorn our highways 
and beautify the fields. These majestic trees seem to say to the 
boys and girls "Stand erect," while their bending limbs suggest 
to all, the graces of character and the symmetry of life. 

We next find ourselves at Jericho Corners gazing up at the 
shady and retired street leading to the Galusha place, now owned 
by Mr. Frank K. Howe. 




Baenet Hotel. 
Martin Barney. Mrs. Barnet. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 327 

Turning we see ruins about us that remind us of three dis- 
astrous fires where five stores and 'a hotel used to stand. The 
accompanying cut carries us back fifty years to the famous 
hostelry managed by Mr. Martin C. Barney. Our oldest citizens 
say that this picture is a perfect reproduction of Jericho's famous 
inn. In those times before railroads, people traveled by stage- 
coach, and the arrival and departure of the same were noteworthy 
events, especially in times of war as the mails brought the news. 
They tell us of the genial and unique ways of Mr. Barney, from 
all of which we can easily imagine the importance of the hotel 
business at that time, to the interests of the town. In this con- 
nection allow me to call the attention of the reader to the Dixon 
House at Riverside, represented in another cut, which came into 
prominence later. L. M. Dixon, an ideal hotel man, about 40 
years ago built the larger part of this hotel and furnished it 
throughout in splendid manner for summer boarders. Several 
hundred visitors in the aggregate came to this resort each season 
attracted thither by the popularity of the management and the 
scenic surroundings of the place. Mt. Mansfield was the object 
of greatest interest perhaps, yet the saddle horse was much 
sought, while others took carriage drives to the places of greatest 
interest, like Bolton Notch, Cilley Hill, etc., and fishing in the 
numerous mountain streams furnished others with much enjoyed 
sport. 

Thousands of dollars annually were taken in by these and 
other hotels, much of which was distributed about town. The loss 
of these two hotels by fire, the Dixon House in 1891, and the 
Barney Hotel in 1904, was serious to the prosperity of Jericho, 
as well as a matter of universal regret. 

Three streams, having their sources in the Green Moun- 
tains east of us, course their way across our town westward. 
Brown's River in the north, Lee River through the center, and 
Mill Brook to the south. Twelve mill sites on these streams have 
been utilized within the town limits in the memory of the writer. 
Six are in use now and much power is Hot now used and awaits 
development. The cuts on another page represent some of the 
beauties of these streams and one shows a string of trout caught 
by a lucky fisherman. These rivers have been stocked from 
the State Fishery Hatchery from time to time. . The trout is well 



328 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

protected by law, no sawdust in the streams, with open and closed 
season for fishing. They can be caught only with the hook, and 
all less than six inches must be returned to the water. 

The cut shows a street shaded by maples, making a beautiful 
driveway, in which Jericho abounds. Few towns can boast of 
better gravel roads or more delightful drives, and much credit 
is due the citizens for setting out and caring for the shade trees 
so characteristic of Jericho. 

The pictures on another page will recall to the minds of many 
the schoolhouses of District No. 3. In a way these are rep- 
resentative of the changes about town respecting schoolhouses. 
Elsewhere in this volume Mr. Barney says, "When there were 
children enough in the vicinity of the Brown settlement to need 
a school, they put up at first a good log schoolhouse, and, as 
quite a number of the people were members of the Church they 
called it Church-Street Schoolhouse." This was called District 2 
as Jericho Center had been organized for a short time and had 
been designated at District No. 1. This illustrates fairly well how 
the public school system in our town began. A brief resume of the 
public school, one of the most permanent institutions of the town, 
will be made here, and should convince the reader that the schools 
of Jericho have never been neglected. At the beginning, these 
public schools must have been very near the hearts of the people ; 
for by them they were built and supported, furnished and su- 
pervised. There must have been a generous rivalry also between 
the different communities in the effort to maintain the best school. 
At that time compulsory attendance was not necessary — ^to go 
to school was a privilege. Respecting text-books and methods 
we know little of what were used, but that pupils were taught 
good behavior, the first principles of good citizenship, we have 
no doubt. The stars and stripes did not float over the school- 
house then, as they do at the present time, but the pupils must 
have received valuable lessons in patriotism and loyalty. And for 
their day we can not doubt the efficiency of the first public schools. 
We are told that the number of schools increased to 16 and that 
as the population increased many schoolhouses became over 
crowded, and that they were cold in the winter and otherwise 
uncomfortable. The number of scholars and the scope of studies 
pursued greatly overworked the teachers. Into some crept listless- 




Dixox HdisK. 
Mr. ami Mils. I.. M. Di.xo.\. 




The Old and New District School House, Jericho Corners. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 329 

ness and inattention, and discipline often became a serious ques- 
tion. Then laws were enacted making school attendance compul- 
sory and authorizing teachers and officers of the district to en- 
force obedience. First the town and then the state assumed 
the supervision of the public schools, until now the present 
state supervision is considered most efficient. As respects super- 
vision there came into vogue the office of town superintendent 
of education in about 1854, which officers were elected annually 
for about 50 years. These are superseded now by union superin- 
tendents. In Jericho this office has been filled by capable men 
and women who have each year reported to the town as the 
printed reports indicate. A file of these reports can be seen in 
the town clerk's office, which affords a good history of the public 
schools of our town. The first report was by Rufus Smith in 
1856. Mr. Smith licensed teachers and made visitation as at pres- 
ent. The expenditure for 1858 was $806. For comparison the 
reader will find a true copy of the tabulated statistics for 1885 
and 1886 — ^twelve months — appended. 



330 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 



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HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 331 

THE NUMBER OF SCHOLARS 

has decreased somewhat and expenses have steadily increased 
until for 1915 the schools required 70 per cent, of the Grand 
List, a sum of over $7,000.00. 

The length of the school year has changed from scarcely 24 
vveeks to 34 weeks, while the range of studies taught now prepares 
the student for college. Thus it will be seen that, while the cost of 
maintenance of the public schools has greatly increased, the priv- 
ileges afforded our children are immeasurably greater. We do not 
like to think of those crude beginnings in school room equipments 
and text-books so inadequate in substance and methods of im- 
parting knowledge, for almost any text-book was welcome, in 
contrast with the sunny schoolrooms of today, the helpful means 
for aiding the student in acquiring an education, together with 
the inspiration of vocational school and schools for manual train- 
ing, etc. At first it will be noticed that the district was the educa- 
tional unit and center, the town afterward, and then the state. 
Now because of greater uniformity of text-books, teachers' re- 
quirements, etc., the nation is becoming more than formerly the 
unit, so that the schools of Vermont fit its pupils for the pursuit of 
any laudable calling in any part of this great nation. Jericho under 
the leadership of its educated men and women has at all times 
taken a creditable rank as regards its public schools, of which fact 
its citizens are justly proud. 

One feature of the "Deestrict Scheul," as it was sometimes 
pronounced, was the spelling school. Spelling was conducted 
orally. The usual practice was for the teacher to call the mem- 
bei-s of the class out upon the floor to stand in position with their 
toes to a crack in the floor. At the close of the lesson the one 
at the head took his place at the foot of the class, which fact 
was denominated a headmark, after which they were all num- 
bered beginiiing at the head of the class with No. 1. At the 
next recitation they were called by number and woe to the student 
who should forget his number. The teacher pronounced the first 
word to number 1 whereupon the scholar would also pronounce 
the word, spell, and repeat the word. It was quite usbal to give 
the student three trials, sometimes only two, if not spelled cor- 
rectly then the next in line could have a chance. If the word 



332 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

was spelled correctly, that pupil would move up in line above the 
one who first missed the word. This method often developed 
great interest, and produced a generation of very accurate spellers. 
Then, to vary the procedure, the teacher would occasionally 
choose two good spellers and allow them to choose alternately 
the other members of the school. Words would be pronounced 
to the two sides alternately, if incorrectly spelled it would then 
go to the other side. When a student misspelled it was the rule 
that he take his seat. The student remaining on his feet the long- 
est had spelled down the school, worthy notoriety for those 
times. 

A spelling school was a contest between two schools carried 
on upon the above principles, with social features at the close 
of the spelling match. These contests, usually very friendly, stim- 
ulated study and research and were instrumental of an untold 
amount of good. All had to spell, and if a six foot boy missed 
and a bright-eyed girl of ten years knew the word, the boy had 
to step aside and allow the little girl to go above him. 

Singing schools were often held in the schoolhouse during 
the winter evenings. The singing master conducted, and with 
baton to beat out the time, tnd tuning fork to give the pitch, he 
thus taught the elements of music to very large classes. These 
schools would usually close the season with a grand concert, thus 
defraying the expenses of the school. Mr. Thomas McGinnis 
was for years Jericho's most celebrated singing master, a service 
of inestimable value to our people. 

Through the courtesy of the Jericho Reporter I am allowed 
to give the reader a very reliable idea of the manner of support- 
ing schools in "ye olden days," and in this connection another 
paper from the same source in regard to highways. 

PAPERS RELATING TO PUBLIC AFFAIRS. 

In looking over the papers in an old desk which belonged 
to Milton Ford, father of the late Addison M. Ford, were found 
many papers relating to pubUc affairs, among which was a school 
bill. In those days the school tax was paid on the number of 
days schooling. If the scholars did not attend school the tax 
was less. Following is a copy of the School Bill for the win- 
ter 1843 made by M. Ford Com. : 







''■^^^MMfti^^^ • 






Speckled Beauties Retbeat. 

Cloud Eitects in Jericho. 

The Field Bridge. 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 333 

Days. Tax. 

Milton Ford 251 $1.38 

Sylvanus Richardson 215 1.18 

Luther Prouty 40 .22 

James Hunt 83 .46 

George Howe 182 1.00 

Charles Witherby 54 .30 

James McLane ....288 1.59 

Erastus Field 125 .69 

Aaron Brownell 119 .66 

Simon Davis 184 1.01 

Mathew Barney 76 .42 

Luther Macomber 182 1.00 

Samuel Douglas 267 1.47 

David Fish 9 .05 

Z. Adgerson "65 .36 

Arial Stephens '. 89 .49 

Hiram Martin * . . 65 .36 

Lemuel Bliss 61 .34 

Zebah Pratt 101 .56 

I. K. Hunt 55 .31 

Luther P. Blodgett 52 .29 

Tillison Hapgood 75 .42 

John Buxton 64 .35 

John Oaks 34 .19 

Fanny Howe 23 .13 

Case Buxton 41 .26 

Sylvanus Blodgett 34 .19 

John Bliss 34 .19 

Albert Cilley 31 .17 

E. Papineau 86 .47 

F.G.Hill 12 .07 

S. Rawson 7 .04 

Milton Martin 16 .09 



3027 $16.71 



334 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

The financial account reads : 

A. Collins $39.94 

E. Macomber i 16.75 

S. Rawson 11.97 

G. Oakes 1.13 

Philura Ford 2.06 

Gratia Huntley 17.50 

Repairs on house 2.00 

2 brooms and 1 pail 93 

Total $92.28 

Public money 76.96 

$15.32 
Balance on hand $1.39 

There was also found among the papers in the old desk a plan 
of the schoolhouse at Jericho Corners which was burned Jan. 1, 
1835. The plan indicated a building "23 feet by 26 feet." The 
seats were placed around the room, leaving a space in the center 
of 10 feet 8 inches by 10 feet 4 inches. Back of the seats was a 
"writing table." The entrance to the schoolroom was made at 
one corner of the building. 

In an old pocketbook of Mr. Ford's was found a slip of paper 
telling the original "cost of brick meeting-house," $3,472.79. 

ANCIENT DOCUMENT FOUND. 

Another ancient document found in the old desk of Milton 
Ford was a highway tax-book for District No. 3, for the year 
1828. The book was directed to Milton Ford and David Oakes, 
the highway surveyors or collectors for District No. 3 in Jericho. 
The tax was made on the list of 1827 at six cents on the dollar 
by the selectmen, Lyman Hall and W. A. Prentiss. The war- 
rant for the collection of the tax reads as follows : 

"State of Verinont, Chittenden County, To Milton Ford 
and David Oakes, highway surveyors or collectors of the High- 
way Tax for District No. 3, in Jericho in said County for 1828. 

"By the authority of the State of Vermont, you are hereby 
commanded to levy and collect of the several persons named in 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 335 

the list or rate bill herewith committed to you, the sum of 
money annexed to the name of each person respectively, and ap- 
ply the same in repairing the highways within the limits of your 
district agreeably to law. 

"And if any person should refuse or neglect to pay the sum 
in which he or she is assessed in said rate bill, you are hereby com- 
manded to distrain the goods, chattels or estate of such person so 
refusing, and the same dispose of according to law for the satis- 
fying the said sums with your own fees and for the want there 
of you are hereby further commanded to take his or her body, 
and him or her commit to the keeper of the gaol in Burlington, 
in said County of Chittenden, within said prison, wl^o is hereby 
commanded to receive said persons and him or her safely keep, 
until he or she pay said sums so assessed with legal costs, to- 
gether with your own fees or be otherwise discharged or re- 
leased according to law. 

"Given under my hand at Jericho in said County of Chit- 
tenden, this 26th day of April in the year of our Lord, One 
Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty-Eight. T. Barney, Jus- 
tice of Peace. 

"The assessed taxes vary in amount^ from 14c. to •$6.24. 
The total amount of the taxes being $109.05. The names of the 
taxpayers are: Prentiss Atkins, Peter L. Allen, Truman Barney, 
Sylvanus Blodgett, John Bliss, Thomas C. Barney, Aaron Brow- 
nell, Martin C. Barney, Lucius Barney, Augustus W. Dow, Aaron 
Drew, John Deleware, Joseph Fairfield, Milton Ford, Jotham 
Glavin, Daniel L, Glines, George Howe, Tillison Hapgood, 
Brigham Howe, Henry Howe, William Johnson, Fletcher W. 
Joyner, John Johnson, Hiram I. Martine, Charles Marston, 
David Oakes, Joseph L. Porter, S. Luther Prouty, James Martin, 
Asa Noyes, John Oakes, William A. Prentiss, Lyman H. Pot- 
ter, Sylvanus Richardson, Thomas D. Rood, Lewis Rood, Sec- 
retary Rawson, William Rouse, Ariel Stevens, Joseph Sinclair, 
B. F. Taylor, Thomas M. Taylor and Stoten Willis." 

In 1872 there was a movement started by A. O. Humphrey 
to erect a suitable building at Riverside in which to manufacture 
cheese. Mr. Humphrey, however, changed' his plans and moved 
to Burlington. 



336 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

The enterprise of building a cheese factory was success- 
fully accomplished in 1873 by Whitcomb and Day. This fac- 
tory did an impiense business for many years under their man- 
agement and upon Mr. Day's going to New York, the manage- 
ment was continued by Mr. Edward S. Whitcomb, Jr., until the 
creamery business seemed to have gained the ascendency. (For 
a further description of this cheese factory see Day genealogy 
and Mr. Wilbur's Historical Address). 

A commendable interest has ever been manifested by the 
citizens of Jericho in the up-keep of its various cemeteries. At 
Jericho Center and at Jericho Corners the citizens have ideal 
organizations, well endowed. In these the grass is kept green 
and closely shorn. These cemeteries are otherwise beautified 
with flowers and plants, shubbery and trees. Most of the funds 
have been given the Cemetery Associations direct: other citi- 
zens have placed money with the town authorities as the follow- 
ing clippings from town reports will show. 

THE C. M. SPAULDING CEMETERY FUND. 

Mr. C. M. Spaulding, born in this town in 1827, a long and 
time honored resident, gave to our town by will $1,000, 
upon condition that the town expend, in perpetuity, $40 an- 
nually (4 per cent, interest), upon two cemeteries in town, viz.: 
one-half upon cemetery at the Corners, so-called, and one-half 
upon cemetery at the Center. In each cemetery his own fam- 
ily burial lots to receive first attention, the expenditures to be 
under the direction of the selectmen, and their accounts to be 
audited annually by town auditors as other accounts are audited. 

In the administration of the Fund, your Auditors find that 
the money was loaned to the School Directors' Account by the 
Selectmen of 1901, and that of the income of the Fund this year, 
amounting to $40, there has been expended $35 according to the 
provision of the gift. The remaining $5 to be expended in the 
early spring. 

THE MRS. MIRANDA HALL CEMETERY FUND. 

Mrs. Miranda Hall, for a long time a resident of Jericho 
Center, gave the town the sum of $100, April 12, 1904, with the 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 337 

following conditions. That the interest, $4 per annum, be ex- 
pended in care of her lot in the Jericho Center Cemetery with 
the understanding that any balance be used for the general care 
of the cemetery, expenditures to be under the direction of the 
Selectmen, 

The Auditors find at this date there have been no receipts 
. from this fund, and no expenditure. 

L. H. Chapin, 1 

C. H. Hayden, rAuditors. 

H. W. Packard, J 

February 5, 1905. 

In our trip about town we have seen the grass come to ma- 
turity and have witnessed the wonderful ingathering of the hay- 
ing season. Intensive farming is producing marvelous crops of 
hay, which is the principal fodder for cattle and horses. In some 
sections alfalfa is becoming rooted, which yields more plentifully 
than any other fodder. Large fields of oats are being harvested, 
very little wheat, rye, or buckwheat is raised in town. Corn is 
a very important crop, often to be husked, but much of it is 
raised for silage. The potato is a very important crop, while 
peas and beans are not raised in large quantities. 

Very fine apples, pears, cherries and other fruit are produced 
in town as well as the various berries. No statistics of the above 
productions of our town are obtainable. 

HUSKING BEES. 
It used to be a custom, when the evenings grew longer, for 
neighbors to turn in of an evening and help each other along in 
the matter of husking corn. Sometimes the ladies received an 
invitation to accompany the men. After a few hours of busy 
work husking corn, all betook themselves to the house where the 
women of the household had provided pumpkin pies and cheese. 
To them a good appetite proved to be the relish, and we of today 
would need to draw upon our imagination to fully realize how 
enjoyable were these old time "husking bees." 

Time is hurrying us along to the 15 or more days usually 
comprising the deer season, or the period in which licensed hunt- 
ers can shoot the deer. 



388 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

This season is usually the last days of October sometimes 
extending into November, during which time the woods are full 
of hunters, and the finest of game is often brought home. This is 
a great day for the Jericho youngster who may be observed 
stealthily working his way along the deer runs, in search of that 
much talked of deer, the image of which rises before his vision 
at each noise and unusual sound. And then if successful how 
proud his return home, where the savory venison cheers and 
satisfies the entire household. No sport quite equals that of deer 
hunting. 

Soon the long winter is with us. But this season even is 
not devoid of interest to the people of our town. For the .young 
there is skating, coasting and skiing and long sleigh rides, and for 
all enjoyable gatherings for social, literary and other purposes. 

The mill yard filled with logs as represented in the accom- 
panying cut is the property of our enterprising Town Treasurer, 
E. B. Williams, who has built a commodious and up-to-date 
mill near the Homer Rawson farm. Possibly too little importance 
is attached to the mill property throughout town. They are, how- 
ever, utilizing the timber growth to good advantage and giving 
employment to many families, and they have been and are very 
essential to the development of the town's resources. The Steam 
Mill at Riverside, first built by Gilbert and Robinson in 1874 has 
an interesting history. Messrs. Gilbert and Robinson did not 
operate the mill very long and closed out their interests to a 
syndicate of citizens who formed an organization to continue the 
business. Thus the mill was operated by different men until. it 
came into the hands of Whitcomb & Day. This enterprising firm 
greatly developed the business as may be seen by a reference to 
the Day genealogy. In 1888 Ex.-Gov. U. A. Woodbury pur- 
chased the property as an accessory to the E. J. Booth Lumber 
Co., Burlington, Vt. It was managed by Theron H. Porter, 
and D. W. Knight, and later purchased by D. W. Knight, who 
operated it very successfully for several years. Mr. Knight in 
1910 sold to H. B. Howard, the present owner. 

The mill has been burned three times, once with E. J. Booth, 
once with Terrill & Knight, and once with H. B. Howard. The 
mill has always furnished employment to a large number of men 
and has afforded a good market for the lumber of this and near- 




Spobt. 
A Pawn. 

RiVEESIDE BkIDGE, 

Maple Deive — Lee River 

"Vn tT-PP in a11 fho P-rniro Vint hop J^g charmS. 



Dob in Deep Snow. 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 339 

by towns. For further description of the Steam Mill see Day 
genealogy. 

The logging business also is a means of support for 
many of our citizens. There have been times when the waste must 
have been great in connection with clearing lands; but not so 
much waste now. Lessons in reforesting the denuded hills are 
being taught us and ways of conserving the woody growth are 
being learned by our people, so that the cut of lumber some years 
hardly equals the growth, and thus it is expected that home 
supply of many kinds of lumber can be made perpetual. Almost 
every farmer gets out some lumber each winter for repairs and 
to sell. From three to four million feet are sold annually in 
Jericho. Now because of the returning sun the snow begins to 
melt, and the sugar season is ushered in. According to the town 
records Jericho has 60,306 maple trees, of which 37,557 were 
tapped last year and from which were made 37,105 pounds sugar 
and 9,755 gallons of syrup at a value of $11,514.00. Had all the 
trees in town been tapped, another $10,000.00 approximately 
would have been received by our people. It would be both in- 
teresting and instructive to note in this connection the great im- 
provement in equipment and methods of making sugar, but space 
forbids anything but the briefest reference. The wooden trough 
has been replaced by a neat tin or metal bucket with cover. Only 
one tiny puncture in the tree now for the spout which also sup- 
ports the bucket, instead of the huge cut with the axe. The 
methods of evaporation have been greatly perfected, conserving 
fuel and time and producing a genuine maple sweet that is much 
sought after in the markets of the world. There is no choicer 
sweet known than the early runs of maple syrup produced by the 
farmers of Jericho. In anticipation and realization the sugaring 
season is richly enjoyed by young and old. 

Now, the object of our ramble being accomplished, we con- 
clude this chapter with a brief reference to Mt. Mansfield, which 
is located in other towns, yet its picturesque beauty is our inherit- 
ance and a common possession. Upon its ponderous sides are to 
be found the sources of Brown's River and of Lee River. The 
rocky summit with its cooling atmosphere seems to attract thither 
the moisture burdened clouds and holds them oftimes till their 



340 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

contents are fully discharged, to water the valleys below, a bless- 
ing of greatest value to our own townspeople. 

The largeness of its proportions seems to suggest stability, 
sturdiness and character. The everchanging shades of its forest 
covered sides, its glimmers,, and reflections together with the 
shadows of passing clouds in fair weather make it an object of 
beauty rarely surpassed; when covered by storm clouds streaked 
with the lightning's flash there comes to us, with its thunder and 
roar, a feeling of awe and sublimity. In the morning its first 
sight seems to inspire us with the splendid possibilities of a new 
day, while the gilded sunset teaches us gratitude. 

Just a brief quotation in closing from the pen of Cassius A. 
Castle : 

"Ye grand old magnificent piles 
I delight on your summits to gaze, 
When the spruce in its verdure smiles 
O'er the home of my boyhood's bright days." 




O. L. Bartlett's Sugar House in Process of Completion. 






The Old Man's Pace. 



Fbom Rivekside. 



From Beae Town. 



342 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

26. James Flynn, L. F. Wilbur, Jay Shaw, Charles F. Reavy. 

27. A. J. Cilley, James Warner, Solomon Powell, George H. 

White. 

28. Spencer Cilley, Alexander Dennis, G. F. & F. A. Thomp- 
son. 

29. George Smith, Henry T. & Effie A. White. 

30. The old Walter Russell House Location. 

31. L. H. Roscoe, George Pettingill. 

32. L. H. Roscoe, Stephen Myette. 

33. Hiram S. Davis, A. D. Cochran. 

34. Lovell Bullock, Joseph Williams. 

35. John Wall. 

36. John Delaware, V. S. Whitcomb, John McLaughUn. 

Z7. Sylvanus Richardson, C. M. Spaulding, Mary E. Nichols, 
Clark R. Varney. 

38. Henry Oakes, Albert Cilley, Frances Messimer. 

39. C. Van Vliet, Henry T. White, Mrs. Petty. 

40. R. R. Townsend, Nelson Prior, Hiram Martin, E. B. & Ida 

M. Wilbur. 

41. Albert & Oliver J. Lowrey, Arthur Brown. 

42. Bridge. 

43. Location of Elijah & E. B. Reed — House taken down. 
New house — Michael J. Fitzgerald. 

44. Tillison & Julius H. Hapgood, M. P. Richardson, H. H. 
Hale, P. H. Fitzgerald. 

45. Carlos Young, Andrew Russin. 

46. Bridge. 

47. Geo. P. Howe, Julius H. Hapgood, Henry Hapgood, Ira 
& Carrie Hawley. 

48. Lucius S. & Truman B. Barney, A. Bishop. 

49. Arthur L. Castle, Irving A. Irish. 

50. Selah Babcock, Russell D. Johnson. 

50 J^. Location of old Church Street Schoolhouse. 

51. Joseph Brown, Hiram Day, Elmer G. Irish. 

52. Rectus Orr, Eugene D. Herrick, W. W. Palmer. 

53. L. A. Bishop, George Brown, Ira C. Morse, Lynn D. Moul- 
ton, Eugene D. Herrick. 

54. John C. Goodhue, John P. Whitton, L. C. & Lena Rice. 

55. R. R. Townsend, Loren Jackson, H. F. Montague. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 843 

56. Harvey Booth, Hawley C. Booth, Burt Booth. 

57. Hiram Booth, B. C. Buxton, J. E. Burroughs, Wm. Schill- 
hammer. 

58. Barney McLaughlin, Frank Ladue. 

59. Levi Packard, Newell Marsh, M. H. Packard, Arthur H. 
Packard. 

60. Schoolhouse. 

61. Whitmarsh & Stimson, Silas Howland, Wm. Roberts. 

61 J4. Location of log cabin of Joseph Brown burned by the 
Indians. 

62. Covered bridge. 

63. Joseph Brown, Henry M. Brown. 

64. Joseph & Hannah Brown, Hiram B. Day, G. A. Haylette. 

65. Albert Gleason, I. R. Gleason, Albert Gleason. 

66. Edward Day, Mrs. Elva Gleason. 

67. J. Harvey Orr, Hoyt Orr, Wm. Cady. 

68. Benjamin Day, James A. Shedd, C. A. Packard. 

69. Cyrus Packard, Harrison Packard, W. C. & F. C. Bliss, 
Bert Beers. 

70. Abijah Whitton, Herbert Chapin, Norris Ransom. 

71. Hiram B. Fish, Edmund Martin. 

72. B. S. Martin, Seth M. Packard, Martin Bullock. 

73. Ezra Church, Asa Church, Newell Story, C. H. Giffin. 

74. Robert Balch, Allen Balch, Wilbur W. Ring, Wm. V. N. 
Ring. 

75. Milton Ford. 

76. Addison M. Ford. 

77. Stephen Lane, T. C. Galusha, R. B. Galusha, John C. Schill- 
hammer. 

78. Mason Manuel, Henry Percival, W. I. & Albert Byington. 

79. John Dane, E. B. Hunt, H. Weidenbecker, S. Riggs. 

80. Lester Whitton, W. R. Macomber, H. Duane Hurlburt, 
John Tatro. 

my-i. Bridge. 

81. Lyman Stimson, Sidney S. Thompson, Hiram Wilder. 

82. Captain Griffin, Ezra & Asa Church. 

83. Bridge. 
83 >^. Bridge. 

84. Permelia Griffin, Bert Bradish. 



344 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

85. John Lee, Wm. Wheeler, Mrs. Sidney Barber, Steven 
Lane, Lucius Lane. 

86. Orlando Whitcomb, Silas Hoskins, Irving Nealy. 

87. Augustus Lee, Milo Douglass, Lucian H. Chapin, Irving 
Thompson, W. C. & F. Bliss. 

88. Lee, James Bent, R. C. Lincoln, Marlin Bullock, 

Joel Boyce, J. Downing. 

89. Henry & Ella Lee, Elmer Howe, Joseph Brassor, J. Laflin. 

90. Reuben Lee, L. M. Howe, George Maidment, Howard J. 
Murphy. 

91. Linus Lee, Silas Ransom, Barney Mattemore, Wm. Mill- 
ham. 

92. Cyrus Lane, Martin Willard, George Willard. 

93. Schoolhouse. 

94. Harvey Stone, Antoine Laflash, Frank Kinney. 

95. Hiram Stone, I. C. Stone, A. Conners, James Morse. 

96. Simeon Pease, Ezra Brown, Fred McGinnis. 

97. Benjamin Joy, Alpheus Joy. 

98. Benjamin Joy, Orlando Joy. 

99. Benjamin Walker, Daniel McGovern, Patrick McGrath. 

100. Isaac & George Choate, L. F. Wilbur, Homer Boyer. 
100>^. Bridge. 

101. Leonard Pease, Thomas McGinnis, Peter Doyle. 

102. Nehemiah Prouty, N. P. Gravell. 

103. Nathan Hale, Stephen Hale, Ferris McGinnis. 

104. T. S. McGinnis, Michael Stokes, Wm. Cotey. 

105. David Benson, Elbridge Nealy, J. Rokes. 

106. Edgar Barney, Warren Fellows, J. E. Burroughs, L. F. 
Wilbur, M. Guyette. 

107. Schoolhouse. 

108. Isaac Smith, P. B. Smith, Matthew Casey, A. H. Streeter. 

109. Stephen Hale, John MeGee. 

110. Benial McGee, Thomas Spooner, A. H. Streeter. 
HI. Henry Smith, Daniel Splain, A. H. Streeter. 

112. ^Agan (burned). 

113. Alexander H. McGee. 

114. James Martin (burned). 

115. George Hall. 

116. Fred Fuller, John Tarbox. 



HISTORY OP JBRIC3H0, VERMONT. 346 

117. Daniel Fuller, D. W. Doncaster (burned). 

118. Alva & Frank W. Pease, E. S. Kingsley. 

119. Leon Gauvin, Patrick Hurson, Lewis Shortsleeve. 

120. Otis B. Church, Fred W. Fuller. 

121. Bridge. 

122. Perley Spaulding, John Sweeney, Henry Proctor, Edward 
Flood. 

123. Henry Hoskins, A. C. Hoskins, Waldo Smith. 

124. Jesse Monroe, Aaron Taft, Philemon Smith. 

125. Ebenezer Benson, John Cavanaugh, Justin Brunelle. 

126. Martin Howe, A. Saxby, L. H. Chapin, B. Trieb. 

127. Caleb Nash, Daniel Nash, Amy Nash, Mulford Savoy. 

128. Ansel Nash, Thomas Nash. 

129. Hyman Church, Enoch Howe, Joseph Pratt. 
1291^. Bridge. 

130. Bridge. 

131. Patrick Foley, Truman Galusha, Stephen Curtis, Wilson 
Curtis. 

132. Eugene Curtis, Lorenzo W. Rice. 

133. S. M. Barney, W. J. Byington, H. T. Chase. 

134. Patrick Ryan, John Early, Thomas Adrian. 

135. Thomas Costello, Geo. & John Costello. 

136. Wm. Johnson, Edward & Peter Flynn, James Casey. 

137. Peter Flynn. 

138. Mary D. Pierce, Lyman Eldridge, Loomis Terrill. 
138J^. John Storrs, Mrs. John Storrs. 

139. Bryan Reddy, James Carroll. 

140. Hyman Church, H. A. & Ellen Percival, Wert Brigham. 

141. Geo. H. Brown, Bertha King. 

142. S. A. Andrews, Alexander Miller, Charles Hilton, Mrs. 
Caroline Yantz, A. Wisell. 

143. Charles Hilton, Irma Bennett. 

144. Stephen Lyman, W. R. Macomber, Charles Hilton, Carl 
Schillhammer. 

145. Charles Hilton, Vincent R. Varney, Jed T. Varney. 

146. Clark Ford, James Morse, Arthur K. Morse. 

147. Wm. Smith, John Smith, Ernest Smith. 

148. Gordon Smith, John A. Smith. 

149. James Graham, O. H. Brown, C. H. Chittenden. 



346 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

150. George Chapin, Andrew Warner, Frank S. Ransom, Will 
Nichols. 

151. Lewis Chapin, Milo H; Chapin, E. S. Ransom. 

152. Miles Ransom, Ernest Smith, John Fitzsimonds. 

153. Sylvanus Lee, Charles Lee, Leon Mitchell. 

154. Dea. Albert Lee, Trumbull Lee, Miles Ransom, John Fitz- 
simonds, Andrew Fitzsimonds. 

155. Palmer Richardson, Nathan Benham, Henry & H. P. Hall. 

156. Russell French, Warren French, Burke G. Brown. 

157. Dana Bicknell, Emma Bicknell. 

158. Mr. Townsend, Geo. Stiles, Edson Nealy. 

159. Dana Bicknell, Burke G. Brown, Frank Brown. 

160. Daniel Lyman, Charles H. Lyman, Mrs. Sargent, John 
Davis. 

161. Horace Babcock, Wert Brigham. (No buildings). 

162. James McLane, John Early family. 

163. Daniel & David Hutchinson, James H. Hutchinson, G. Her- 
bert Hutchinson. 

164. Orin Crane, Quincy Thurston. 

165. Dennis Gearin. (Taken down). 

166. Orley Thompson, Hosea S. & Nancy Wright, Cornelius & 
Carrie Tyler. 

167. Same as 166. 
167^2 ■ Blockhouse or fort. 

168. Harmon Humphrey. 
168J^. Schoolhouse. 

169. Gov. Martin Chittenden, Rufus Bishop, Daniel B. Bishop, 
Emma Bishop. 

170. Leet A. Bishop, George H. Brown, E. C. Fay, E. Wright 
Fay. 

170^. Noah Chittenden (burned). 

171. Bridge across Mill Brook. 

172. Daniel B. Bishop, John Casey. 

173. Julius Hodges, Hiram E. Bates. 

174. Cyrus Tarbox, Thomas Reeves, Hervey Burnham. 

175. Bridge. 

176. Wm. P. Briggs, Gov. Asahel Peck, .Cicero Peck. 

177. Joseph Lawrence. 

178. Rural Thomson, Spencer & Harriet Patrick. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 347 

179. Charles Scribner tenant house, Josephine G. Gates, sum- 
mer cottage. 

180. E. L. Barber, tenant house. 

181. Summer cottage, Charles Scribner. 

182. Azariah Rood, E. L. Barber, Charles Scribner. 

183. Gilbert Paradee, Chas. Lee, James H.'Safford. 

184. Solomon Powell, Charles Bleau. 

185. Jesse Gloyd, Sr., Jesse Gloyd, Martin Powell. 

186. Silas Bumham, Joseph Stockwefl. 

187. Ezra Elliott, George Cunningham, Andrew Johnson. 

188. South district schoolhouse. 

189. Lewis Marsh, Edmund Duso, Tom O'Neil. 

190. Lyman Hall, Harrison Webster, Asa Powell, Harmon 
Humphrey, John Phillips, P. Lavelle, Geo. Cunningham, 
E. P. Corvin. 

190^. Calvin Marsh (given up). 

191. Horace Wood, Wm. Lewis, Gilbert Paradee. 

192. Bridge across Mill Brook. 

194. Harvey Ford, Billings Hatch, Thos< Lynch (burned). 

195. Shubael Palmer, Thos. Lynch. 

196. John Benham, Mose Lawrence. 

197. Jonas Marsh, Henry Borrowdale, John Tobin. 

198. John T. Clapp, Edwin W. Humphrey, Henry Rider. 

199. Rollin M. Clapp, Augustus S. Wood, Mahala Nash, Mrs. 
Yantz. 

200. Freeman Wood, Harvey Field, Lynn D. Moulton, Homer 
Lyon. 

201. Bridge. 

202. Harvey Field, Austin Field, William Field. 

203. Mr. Harvey, Geo. Stiles, Thomas Moran. 

204. Edy Humphrey, Chesman Johnson, Fred Johnson. 

205. Harrison Webster, Lyman Hall, Collins H. Nash, W. Den- 
nis. 

205J4. John Duso, Gordon Smith, C. H. Nash, Mr. Laduke. 
205^. Eben Lee, John Tobin, James Berry. 

206. Wm. Nealy, Chas. Nealy. 

207. Solomon Powell, Silas Ransom, Silas Haskins, Nathan 
Benham, F. D. McGinnis, Clyde Wilder, Julian Hoskins. 

208. Ansel Nash, Albert Parker, F. D. McGinnis. 



348 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

209. Bridge. 

210. Horace C. Nash Store (gone). 

211. Joel Bartlett, Fred McGinnis, Chas. Rochelle. 

212. Zenas Nash, Francis Nash, C. H. Nash, Willie Nash. 

213. Schoolhouse. 

214. Ezra Nash. . 

215. Daniel Graves, Clarence Shiner. 

216. Andrew Warner, Thomas E. Bentley, Wilson A. Bentley. 

217. Chauncey Abbott, Patrick Barrett. 
218." Bridge. 

219. Gautha Parker, Willie Church (burned). 

220. Benjamin Hatch, Moses Leary. 

221. Location of old shingle mill. 

222. Ed Sweeney & Michael Sweeney. 

223. Nathan Smith. 

224. Bridge. 

225. Creamery. 

226. Bridge. 

226>^. John Leary, Mrs. Martha M. Allen. 

227. Old Chesman Johnson place. 

228. John McAndrass. 

229. Abraham Stroud, Geo. Hapgood. 

230. Daniel Davis. 

231. Peter Plant, Clarence Shiner. 

232. Caleb Nash, Mr. Baker. • 

233. Caleb Nash, Russell Haskins, Peter Labell, Barney & Al- 
bert McLaughlin. 

234. Eber Hatch, John Leary, Martha M. Allen, Wm. Hanley. 

235. Hubbell B. Smith, Newell Story, Wm. Pollard. 

236. Schoolhouse. 

240. H. G. & R. M. Brown. 

241. Wm. Bartlett, Luke Bolger. 

242. Norman Wright place. 



350 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

22. A. S. Mears, Mrs. Minerva Barney, Mrs. N. H. Goodwin. 

23. Judge Fish's Shoe Shop and Tannery, Residence J. A. Per- 
cival, A. B. Simonds, Mrs. Ahtia Tarbox. 

24. David Fish, C. S. Palmer, C. E. Percival. 

25. Site of "Old Mansion House." 

26. Site Wattrous Thompson, Nelson Fassett, W. B. Nichols, 
George Lyman, Dr. L. P. Howe, Mrs. Mary Howe Chase. 

27. Chas. Wetherby, Erastus Field, F. B. Howe, F. C. Wil- 
liams, Miss Harriet Kinney. 

28. Site Distillery of Frederick Fletcher. 

29. E. W. Curtis, L. W. Rice. 

30. Almon Hill, Stephen Curtis, W. R. Curtis and M. A. Buz- 
zell. 

31. Solomon Barney, W. I. Byington, H. T. Chase, F. E. Han- 
ley. 

3iy2. Site Noah Chittenden. 

32. Patrick Ryan, Thomas Adrien. 

33. John Bliss, Anson Field, W. N. Pierce, Mrs. S. B. Wells. 

34. Miss Thankful M. Butts, Mrs. Fanny Galusha, Norman 
Fuller, John Pratt, L. C. Stevens. 

35. John Bliss, Deacon Truman Galusha, R. L. Galusha, H. N. 
Percival, F. K. Howe. 

36. Sylvanus Blodgett, Wm. and Mary Brown, Fred Howe, 
Lucius Irish, Joseph Bissonett. 

36 J^. Site, house and blacksmith shop, Sylvanus Blodgett. 

37. Site R. Smiley Blodgett, S. S. Thomson, M. H. Alexander. 

38. Lumber, Wood and Coal Yards E. B. Williams & Co. 

39. Store house E. B. Williams & Co. 

40. Site Thomas CoStello. 

41. Henry Shedd, Dr. H. N. Curtis, Orlin Rood, Elhanon 
Prior, J. E. Burroughs, Willard Blood, Mrs. L. L. Blood. 

42. Jonathan Goodhue, Orlin Rood, D. E. Rood. 

43. H. N. Percival, F. P. Percival. 

44. B. & L. R. R. Station. 

45. Queen City Creamery. 

■ 46. George Shedd, George Wright, Rev. D. B. Bradford, 
Mathew Tierney, A. A. Parker, E. H. Gomo. 

47. Rodney and Ann Barney. 

48. D. N. Shaw, Mrs. R. R. Townsend. 




Chittenden Mills. 
Property of Chas. Reavey. 







3 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 351 

49. Tillison Hapgood, T. Chittenden Galusha, John T. Clapp, 
Simeon Clapp, Zeph Hapgood, F. W. Pease. 

50. Drug Store site Albert Barney, Henry Howe, H. N. Perci- 
val, E. W. Curtis, E. B. Williams. 

51. Site L. F. Wilbur, S. A. Wright, Sam'l Clark, A. A. Ches- 
more. * 

52. Anson Field cabinet maker, L. F. Wilbur's Law Office, A. 
D. Bradford's Printing Office, E. H. Gomo's Harness 
Shop. 

53. Julian Terrien, H. Hebert, Peter Gomo. 

54. Law Office L. F. Wilbur, Store H. T. Chase, Frank Hanley. 

55. B. S. Martin. 

55y2. Millinery Shop Mrs. Lucia Ann Smith, Drug Store W. B. 
Nichols, Millinery Store Mrs. B. S. Martin. 

56. Blacksmith Shop E. H. Prouty, Levi Gordon, John Girard, 
H. Hebert. 

57. Elon Lee, Phillip Prior, Cephas Butler, Elon Prouty, H. 
Hebert. 

58. Barn George White. 

59. Stebbins, Fred Hill, Ferdinand Beach, Dr. L. 

D. Rood, Dr. George Belden, J. H. May, George White. 

60. L. B. Howe, C. M. Spaulding, J. S. Cilley, F. H. McGinnis, 
G. H. Foster. 

61. Artemas Bemis, John Swan, W. J. Gibson, Hoyt Davis, 
Walter Blaisdell. 

62. Mrs. Jane Gibson, Mrs. Mary J. Buxton. 

63. Isadore Roscoe, Michael Shanley, W. G. Cook. 

64. James Gribben, Clark Wilbur, Simon D. Bullock, A. S. 
Wood, W. E. Buxton. 

65. Grist Mill, John Bliss, G. B. & W. E. Oakes, F. Beach, 
Wooden Combs and Button Molds, L. P. Carleton & Co., 
Wood Pulp, Dr. Fletcher, Jericho Chair Co., H. M. Field, 
S. D. Bullock, Novelty Turning, A. S. Wood, W. E. Bux- 
ton. 

66. Baptist Parsonage, Rev. I. E. Usher. 

67. Baptist Church. 

6?. Mrs. Dr. Harmon Howe, William Douglass, L. B. Howe, 

Soules, J. H. Hutchinson, E. B. Williams. 

69. Fred Simonds, M. H. Packard, Y. G. Nay. 



352 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

70. Luther Prouty, L. S. Prouty, L. M. Stevens, L. C. Stevens, 
H. S. Woods, M. H. Packard, H. C. Dessany, H. F. Tilley. 

71. Graded School Building. 

72. Geo. B. Howe, L. T. Richardson, Dr. H. N. Curtis, Dr. Al- 
bert Nott, Calvin Morse, Ben Norris, Mrs. Ellen A. Perci- 
val, Fred A. Percival. 

73. Methodist Church. 

74. Congregational Church. 

75. Henry M. Field, Dr. Daniel Thompson, R. B. Galusha, 
L. F. Terrill, Buel H. Day. 

76. Law Office L. F. Wilbur. 

77. Anson Field, Jr., H. M. Field, L. F. Wilbur. 

78. Kingsley Butler Printer, L. F. Wilbur Law Office, Alex. 
Miller, Misses Emma Church and Mollie Meikle, John Mc- 
Mahon, W. D. Chesmore, Fred Foster. 

79. Dr. George Howe, Dr. Edward Howe, Dr. A. B. Somers, 
Dr. I. M. Bishop, Mrs. M. D. Pierce, Chas. A. Jackson, 
M. H. Packard, Mrs. Emma Cook, A. J. Sweeney. 

80. A. B. Simonds, W. S. Fellows, Clara K. Howe, F. K.' Howe. 

81. Sylvester Pellitier, J. A. Percival, W. N. Pierce, George 
Thorpe, A. A. Chesmore. 

82. Dr. J. Dennison Bliss, O. H. Brown, W. L. Day. 

83. C. S. Field, E. W. Curtis, Rev. J. T. Buzzell. 

84. Lemuel Bliss, William Jackson, H. C. Booth, C. Van Vliet, 
Dr. Lloyd Flagg, Dr. G. B. Hulburd. 

85. Misses Mary Field and Julia Porter, Stephen Curtis, 
George Ladeau. 

86. Isadore Roscoe, Elhanon Prior, Mrs. Sarah V. V. Booth, 
Mi^s Emily C. Howe, E. B. Wilbur. 

87. B. E. Shanley, Mrs. L. L. Rood, W. S. Fellows, C. C. Bux- 
ton, H. H. Day. 

88. John Girard, P. S. Bullock, F. S. Tomlinson. 

89. John Nye, R. B. Field, Mrs. Mary O. Balch. 

90. Simon Davis, H. M. Field, Anson Field, R. B. Field. 
90>4. Site of Field's" Pump Works. 

91. W. L. Roscoe. 

91 J^. Site John Buxton. 

92. Saw Mill David Oakes, Hiram Fish, John Fairchild, An- 
son Field, E. W. Curtis. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 353 

92j^. Site Joseph Jocko. 

93. Hiram Fish, Solomon Papineau, W. A. Albee. 

94. John Fairchild, Nathan Porter, Lawrence QuiUinan, C. 
S. Palmer. 

95. John Oakes, Jerry Thompson, Ozro Slater, M. W. Booth, 
Glenn Booth, Rev. William Cashmore. 

96., David Oakes, Wm. E. Oakes, J. A. Percival and John 
bakes, Joseph Mellendy, L. B. Howe, F. B. Howe, F. P. 
Percival, H. H. Tilley. 

97. George Buxton, N. A. Prior, Ira C. Morse. 

98. David Oakes, Sylvanus Richardson, L. F. Wilbur, Anson 
Atchinson, A. Bliss Atchinson, Rev. C. E. Tomlin, D. J. 
Irish. 

99. Wilkins Rockwood, Solomon Powell, Smith Pease, John 
Whitten, L. C. Rice. 

100. W. L. Roscoe, L. F. Paradee. 

101. Aaron Brownell, Manser, U. S. Whitcomb, 

Loren Whitcomb, C. Van Vliet, James Hanley, E. W. Cur- 
tis, H. F. DeLisle, John Derby, Mrs. D. J. Hunter, M. C. 
Mason. 

102. Uriah Howe, Dr. Secretary Rawson, Homer Rawson, Mrs. 
Hattie Percival, Mrs. E. B. Williams, A. P. Safford. 

103. Williams' Saw Mill, ^. C. Buxton, Whitcomb & Day, E. 
B. Williams. 

104. Site B. C. Buxton. 

105. Site Buxton Saw Mill, B. C. Buxton, Thomas Buxton, E. ■ 
W. Curtis. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 355 

INDEX TO THE MAP OF JERICHO CENTER, 

By LaFayette Wilbur. 

The figures refer to dwelling houses unless otherwise stated. 
The last name indicates the present owner. 

1. Martin Bartlett, Isaac C. Stone, H. G. & Ray M. Brown. 

2. Martin Bartlett, I. C. Stone, H. G. & Ray M. Brown. 

3. Henry Lane, Nathan Lane. 

4. Guy Chambers, Marcus Hoskins. 

5. Location of John Chambers' house. Now taken down. 

6. Borden's Condensed Milk Co.'s plant. 

7. Hosea Spaulding, Wells Lee, L. D. Eldridge. 

8. Old Saddle shop of Hosea Spaulding. 

9. John T. Pratt, Horace Babcock, Seth M. Packard. 

10. Hoyt Chambers, F. M. Hoskins. 

11. Ira Ransom, Albert Barney, F. M. Hoskins. 

12. Blacksmith shop of F. M. Hoskins. 

13. Elias Bartlett, E. C. Whitney, Frank A. Stiles. 

14. Asahel B. Puffer. 

15. T. L. Bostwick, Ernest Smith, F. D. McGinnis. 

16. Mrs. Jennie W. Hart & Anna Warner. 

17. Jonathan Goodhue, Marshall Harvey, Geo. Cunningham. 

18. Lemuel Blackman, E. H. Lane, E. B. Jordan. 

19. Store. 

20. Joel B. Bartlett, Benjamin Hatch, Dustin Bicknell, R. O. 
Wilder. 

21. Congregational Church, Town room. 

22. Charles Pierce, Henry Blackman, Cora W. Chapin. 

23. Parsonage. 

24. Luke B. Bolger. 

25. The Old Norman Wright house. 

26. Albert Fay, D. B. Bishop, Lynn D. Moulton, H. G. & R. 
M. Brown. 

27. Emma Church and Mary Meikle, F. S. Ransom. 

28. Elias Bartlett, E. M. Lane, G. C. Bicknell and C. C. Bick- 
nell. 

29. John Lyman, Cyrus Tarbox, Kate Beulah Isham. 

30. Eben Lee, Ezra Elliot, Thomas Scott. 



856 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

31. John Stimson, F. F. Hovey, Betsey Ballard. 

32. Dr. F. F. Hovey's office, Morse & Pease grocery. 

33. The old Jericho Academy, Cong, parish house. 

34. Formerly a store of James Morse, now house of Leon Hall. 

35. Orin Stimson, Albertine Lee, Irving Ballard. 

36. Old Cong, parsonage, James M. Carpenter, Cora W. Cha- 
pin. 

37. Edward Tupper, Walter Kew, Wayne Nealy. 

38. Dr. F. F. Hovey, Abraham Jackson, John F. Jordan. 

39. Jericho High School. 

40. Formerly Universalist Church, now Village Hall. 

41. Orley Thomson, E. H. Lane, F. A. Fuller. 

42. Dr. H. D. Hopkins, Dr. M. O. Eddy. 

43. Abel C. Hoskins. 

44. Jacob Latham, Ransom, Alma Whitmarsh. 

45. Village Green. 

46. Cemetery. 

47. Warren French, B. G. Brown. 

48. Emma Bicknell. 



\\J9] UNOEnHILl. 




MAP or 

RIVERSIDE 

L.F WILBUR. 



24 



358 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

INDEX TO MAP OF RIVERSIDE, 
By LaFayette Wilbur. 

1. The covered bridge. , 

2. Old schoolhouse now residence of Chas. E. Kittell. 

3. John McNichols, Mrs. Helen Jock. 

4. Harriet Hapgood, Buel H. Day, Mrs. Martha E. Church. 

5. Charles McBride, Howard M. Clark. 

6. Edward S. Whitcomb, Mrs. Mary B. Day, Carroll S. Bart- 
lett. 

7. E. S. Whitcomb's Store, now John K. McKeefe's grocery. 

8. C. H. Hayden's Store. 

9. Robert Prior, A. J. Russin, W. C. Cross. 

10. Gauvin's Studio, Geo. Sherman, H. B. Howard. 

11. Rufus Brown, Herbert Chapin, D. W. Knight. 

12. Old cheese factory, now creamery bld'g owned by B. H. 
Day. 

13. Bostwick Green, Newton Wright. 

14. Steam mill owned by Whitcomb & Day, D. W. Knight, H. 
B. Howard. 

15. Mill yard by Whitcomb & Day, D. W. Knight, H. B. How- 
ard. 

16. Luther Brown, Rufus Brown, Frank S. Jackson. 

17. Location of Robert Jackson's house destroyed by fire. 

18. Cemetery. 

19. Depot. 

20. W. H. Gaines. 

21. Mrs. Almira Goodwin, L. H. Pendleton, Geo. Farrell. 

22. Grist mill, Homer Thompson, T. W. Thorp, L. H. Pendle- 
ton, Jasper E. Foster. 

23. Store house, L. F. Terrill, L. C. Fowler. 

24. Homer Thompson, Carroll N. Stygles, Brown & Nay. 

25. Mr. Whitcomb, Geo. H. Benedict, E. J. Gallup. 

26. Tin shop, E. J. Gallup & Son. 
26 J^. Geo. Gravlin. 

27. G. A. R. Hall. 

27 Yz. C. Clinton Abbott. 

28. Thaddeus A. Whipple, Dr. F. B.. Hunt. 

29. Darwin G. French, Robert Kirby, Clifton Kirby. 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 359 

30. Martin Howe, Geo. H. Benedict, H. B. Howard. 

31. Village Green. 

32. Calvin Marsh, L. C. MacGibbon. 

33. Herbert Chapin, Erwin White, R. H. Metcalf. 

34. Location Bostwick House, Dixon Hotel, destroyed by fire. 

35. A. F. Burdick, W. H. Gaines, G. W. Batchelder. 

36. Simeon Parmalee, E. S. Whitcomb, Jr., Ella J. Whitcomb. 

37. J. H. Bostwick, Samuel Hale, Mrs. M. C. Hale. 

38. Isaac Clark Bostwick, Clark Graves. 

39. H. H. Hale, Geo. Brooks, Lynn D. Moulton. 

40. Avery Edwards, Wm. Kittell. 

41. Avery Edwards, H. H. Dickinson. 

42. Avery Edwards, Claude Graves. 

43. Nathaniel Bostwick, Joseph Kingsbury, Josiah Bass, Wal- 
ter Russell, J. H. Russell. 

44. Episcopal Church. 

45. S. B. Bliss, Amos Eastman, Avery Edwards. 

46. Chas. Ripley, Levi Nutting, E. L. Martin, Mrs. Julia 
Powell, P. S. Scribner. 

47. Rev. S. S. Brigham, L. H. Pendleton, C. B. Metcalf, Park 
H. Brown. 

48. Truman Whitcomb, E. L. Martin. 

49. Amelia L. Marsh, Charles E. Scribner. 

50. James Hayden, Sarah F. Hayden, C. H. Hayden. 

51. Samuel B. BHss, Dr. D. L. Burnett. 
51 5^. Blacksmith shop — Howard Ayer. 

52. Mr. Dyche, C. C. Abbott, Sr. 

53. Elijah Dunton, Mrs. Mary Douglass, W. C. Bailey. 

54. W. Scott Nay. 

55. Drug store. Masonic Hall, Dr. W. S. Nay. 

56. Methodist Church. 

57. Mr. Murdock, Mrs. Geo. Claflin. 

58. E. S. Sinclair. 

59. Charles Cadwell, David French, A. N. Clar^, Mrs. E. S. 
Sinclair, Archie T. Kirby, Henry L. Murdock. 

60. Dr. Arthur F. Burdick. 

61. Henry Oakes, Calvin Bates, Methodist Parsonage. 

62. Calvin Bates. 



360 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

63. Old Henry Oakes store, now residence of Homer W. Rock- 
wood. 

64. Old Starch Factory location. 

65. L. P. Carlton, Jonathan Nichols, Levi Metcalf. 

66. Marker erected in memory of Brown family "The First 
Settlers." 

67. Stephen Brown, Cong. Parsonage, S. M. Palmer. 
67 J4. L. H. Chapin, Rueben Dickinson. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 361 



PART TENTH. 

GENEALOGIES. 

FOREWORD. 

Part ten, to many, will be the most interesting in this book, 
because it contains the history of the families, which have built 
up the town. The family is the unit of greatest importance, and 
nowhere does the family appear to better advantage than in 
rural New England communities. 

The citizens of Jericho have reason to be proud of their an- 
cestry, and it is high time that permanent record should be made 
of those preceding generations as well as of the present, ere they 
become altogether lost and forgotten. There might have been 
one hundred families occupying this township 130 years ago. 
One of these families is known to have five or six thousand de- 
scendants throughout the United States and Canada. Now mul- 
tiply by one hundred. Possibly this is more than an average 
family in point of numbers, yet the importance of the matter is 
beyond comprehension. 

The town also has much to its credit in the achievements of 
those who have gone forth from our limits and have won fame 
and fortune in other places. This large field of the Jericho in- 
fluence is just being entered into, and the following genealogies 
and biographical sketches will tell the reader to what heights of 
influence the Jericho boys and girls have attained. 

In this part Mr.''LaFayette Wilbur has spent many months 
of time and efficient labor and Rev. S. H. Bamum has performed 
service hardly less valuable. The families are arranged alpha- 
betically for the convenience of the reader. 

C. H. HAYDEN, For the Editors. 



362 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

THE ABBOTT FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

Curtis Abbott m. Betsey Cilley and lived in Tunbridge, Vt. 
They had four children that grew to adult age; Carlos C, b. in 
1834; Marcia I.,.b. in 1838, who m. Rev. William Nutting, a 
Universalist minister; Charles E., b. in 1842, who m. and moved 
to the West ; and Agnes A., b. in 1845. These children were all 
b. in- Tunbridge, and none ever resided in Jericho except Carlos 
C, who m. Charlotte Woodbury of Bethel, Vt. She was b. in 
1840. They had one child, Clinton C, b. in 1860. This family 
removed to Jericho in 1869, and located at the Flatts (so called). 
Carlos C. was a travelling salesman. He d. in 1908 in Jericho. 
His son was b. in 1860 and in 1899 m. Clara, the daughter of 
Edgar A. Barney. She d. in 1908, at Jericho. They had two 
children, Edwin B., b. in 1901, and Melba C, b. in 1902. Clin- 
ton C. was the railroad station agent for Zl years at Underbill, 
Vt. Hed.Nov. 28, 1914. 

THE ADRIEN FAMILY. 

Thomas Adrien was b. in County Cavan, Ireland in 1844, 
and came to Vermont when four years of age, and to Jericho in 
1885. He m. Ellen Reddy in 1869 and to them were b. 2 
children : Mary Elizabeth and Bartholomew B., who was b. 1879 
and d. 1908. (See Reddy Family, also Teachers). 

CHAUNCEY BRADLEY ALDRICH. 
By C. H. Hayden. 

Chauncey Bradley Aldrich, son of Horace Reuben and Jane 
M. Aldrich was b. in Cambridge, Vt., June 30, 1863. Mr. Aldrich 
has resided in town since 1898 and is a paper hanger and painter 
by trade. 

THE ATCHINSON FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

Anson Atchinson spent his early life in Underbill, but lived 
for many years at Jericho, where he d. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 363 

He was a farmer. 

In religious sentiment he was a Methodist. 

He d. in 1890 at the age of 83 years. His wife, Harriet 
M., d. in 1881 at the age of 68 years. They had four children : 
Eliza, who m. Samuel Bentley; Naomi, who m. Arthur East- 
man and m. 2 George Alger, having one daughter by the second 
husband; J. Blinn, who m. Mary H. Lowrey to whom three 
children were b. (See the Lowrey family) ; and Bliss, who m. 
Marion Parker to whom were born Iva and Eva. Bliss was a 
soldier in the 1st Vt. Cavalry for a period during the Civil War. 

THE BABCOCK FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

Paul Babcock, who d. in 1839, had a twin brother Silas. 
They were b. in 1770. Silas m. a Hutchinson of Jericho, Vt., 
and they had three sons and two daughters; the sons becoming 
clergymen. 

Paul Babcock m. Mabel Hatch of Jericho, b. in 1773, d. in 
1842. They had eight children, viz.: Luman, b. in 1798, d. in 
1833; Anna, b. in 1800; Horace, b. in 1802; Selah L., b. in 1804; 
Julius, b. in 1806; Submit, b. in 1808; David, b. in 1812; and 
Rufus, b. in 1814. All of these children lived in Jericho till they 
became of adult age, but all removed from town except Horace 
and Selah. 

Horace m. Sally Reynolds, who was b. in 1805 and d. in 
1876. He d. in 1887. They had two children who d. young. 
Horace Babcock lived for many years at the end of a spur 
road running east from the old Charles H. Lyman farm, south 
of Jericho Village. 

Selah L., b. in 1804, d. in 1880. In 1842 he m. Prudence 
Buxton, who was b. in 1815 in Westford and d. in 1891. 
Selah L. resided on the place adjoining and east of the farm of 
Irving Irish on the road to Underbill from Jericho village. He 
was a man of good reputation. Selah and Prudence had three chil- 
dren, viz. : 

(1) Reuben M., b. in 1844 and d. in 1863. He was a 
patriotic young man. He enlisted in the War of the Rebellion 



364 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

in 1861, at the age of 19 years. He was a member of Co. F. 13th 
Regiment of Vermont Volunteers, dying of typhoid fever at Fair- 
fax, Virginia, and being buried at Jericho. He was an only son, 
and his parents looking to him for support in their old age were 
granted a pension. 

(2) Adeha E., b. in 1845, m. Russell D. Johnson of Jericho 
in 1867. She d. in 1909 at the old home. Their children were, 
viz. : Harriet A., who was b. in 1868 and d. in 1875, and Emma 
M., b. in 1869, who m. Judson S. Clark of Underbill in 1902, and 
whose children are Edith Adelia, b. in 1903, and Charles Russell, 
b. in 1904. 

(3) Julia L., b. in 1850, d. in 1892, at Jericho. 

THE BALCH FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

John Balch was b. at Topsfield, Mass., in 1779 and m. De- 
borah Kinstoh of Weare, N. H. He d. in 1822. They had eleven 
children: John and Delia, twins, who d. in infancy; Robert, b. 
in 1802, who d. in 1869; John J., b. in 1804; Eliza, b. in 1806; 
Eliphalet, b. in 1807; Julia Ann, b. in 1809; Hannah, b. in 1811 ; 
William P., b. in 1813; Allen, b. in 1815; Roxana, b. in 1818; all 
of them b. in Weare, N. H. 

Eliphalet and Allen were the only ones that lived in Jericho, 
Vt. Their father and mother d. when they were but children. 
They came to Vermont while they were young and lived with 
their uncle, Robert Balch, at Fair Haven, for a few years. This 
Robert Balch was b. in 1772, and d. at Jericho in 1842. He m. 
Nabby Cram, of Weare, N. H. They had no children. She d. at 
Jericho in 1842. They came to Jericho from Fair Haven, Vt. and 
purchased and lived on the farm near Jericho village, now owned 
by William V. N. Ring. 

Allen Balch lived with him until his uncle's death. Allen 
succeeded to the ownership of the farm and lived thereon till his 
death in 1878; he m. Sarah S. Styles, b. in 1823. She d. in 1855. 
They had one child, John, who m. Addie, , the daughter of 
Hiram B. and Ella Fish of Jericho. Allen Balch was a good 
farmer, held the office of selectman for several years, and was a 
man of a friendly disposition; he m. 2 Julia Case of Essex. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 365 

Eliphalet m. Lucretia Barker in 1831. They came to Jericho 
about 1835 and purchased a large farm where he lived till his 
death in 1873. She was b. in 1812 ; and d. in 1890. They had nine 
children : Henry, b. in 1834 ; Helen, b. in 1836 ; George, b. in.l838 ; 
Barker, b. in 1840; Olive, b. in 1842; Noah, b. in 1844; Anna E. 
b. in 1846; Fayette, b. in 1848; Effie J., b. in 1850. Henry, 
George, Olive, Noah and Anna E. d in 1853, of scarlet fever, 
within the space of ten days. 

Helen m. Julius Bliss in 1859 and has four children : Anna 
E., Elmer D., Ida and Jesse. They live in Morristown, Vt. The 
father d. in 1914 and is buried at Jericho. Barker m. Jennie A. 
Whitcomb in 1868 and lives in Burlington. They have three chil- 
dren : Frank, Charles and Mabel. Fayette m. Mary Osgood in 
1874. They have no children. He purchased his father's farm 
and occupied the same till his death in 1886. Efifie J. m. Dennis 
E. Rood in 1875. They have three children : Maud, Madge and 
Helen. Maud m. H. D. Costello in 1901. No children. They 
live in Milton. Madge is not m. 

Helen m. M. H. Whitney in 1904. He d. in 1912. They 
had three children. Two of them d. Barbara living, was b. 
in 1908. 

Dennis E. Rood has always lived in Jericho and followed in 
the business of his father as a harness maker. He has been an 
active man in town, held the office of Justice of the Peace for 
many years, and represented the town in the Legislature in the 
years of 1886 and 1887. He has been a long-time member of 
the Baptist Church of Jericho. 

BALLARD FAMILY. 

By S. H. Barnum. 

Orange G. Ballard never lived in Jericho, but his widow and 
most of the children have been residents. Orange G. was b. in 
Milton in 1845. His father was John and his mother d. when the 
boy was young. Orange m. Sept. 2, 1866, Betsey A. Caswell, 
dau. of Lucius and Mary Ann (Hewey) Caswell, both of Milton. 
Betsey A. was b. Sept. 9, 1848. The children were : 



366 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

(1) George L., b. Apr. 30, 1868, m. Mina O'Connell in 
1899. They live in Underliill and were previously at Loon Lake, 
N. Y.. He is a farmer. 

(2) Charles O., b. May 22, 1872, d. May 5, 1910. 

(3) John S., b. Dec. 22, 1874, m. Nettie Monson Dec. 22, 
1896. A dau., Ethel, b. 1897. They live in Westford and he is a 
painter by trade. 

(4) Bert E., b. July 1, 1876, m. Mabel Myette. Two chil- 
dren : George Edward, b. Jan. 1, 1912, and Ramona, b. 1914. They 
live in Rutland and he is in the painting business. 

(5) Irving, b. April 16, 1878, m. Mrs. Anna Walston, 
widow of W. W. Walston, in 1909. Her children are: Juna, b. 
1896; Howard, b. 1898; Raymond, b. 1900 and Abbie, b. 1906. 
Irving lives at the Center and he also is a painter. 

(6) Marvin, b. March 23, 1881, d. 1889. 

(7) Henry R., b. July 26, 1883, m. Alice Leonard in 1902. 
A dau., Mabel, b. 1903. They have been Hving at Block Island, 
R. I., but for the winter of 1915 are in Syracuse. N. Y. 

Orange Ballard served in the Civil War, being enrolled in Co. 
A, 17th Regiment Vermont Volunteers, and was honorably dis- 
charged July 14, 1885. He died in 1895 and the next year his 
widow moved to Jericho Center. Irving has been in town still 
longer. 

THE BARBER FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

Edgar Elbert Lee Barber was b. in East Bolton, Vt., Aug. 
28, 1847. He was the son of Gideon and Arrintha (Pierce) Bar- 
ber. The said Gideon and Arrintha had eleven children, viz.: 
Maryett, Martin Gideon, Lucy Ann, Palmyra, Elbert Lee, Solo- 
mon Pierce, Cynthia, Cornelius, Cornelia, Amelia and Edgar El- 
bert Lee. And Solomon Pierce is the only surviving member of 
this large family, and he is 82 years old and lives in Wis. 

Edgar Elbert Lee is the only one of that family that ever 
lived in Jericho. He enlisted as a soldier in the War of the Re- 
bellion of 1861 and served in Co. I Sixth Vt. Vols., and was 
wounded in his right wrist in the Battle of the Wilderness. He 
m. Ada Polly Fay of Richmond, Aug. 23, 1868. She was b. at 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 867 

Fay's Corners in Richmond, Mar. 23, 1847 and was the dau. of 
Nathan Murray Fay and Beulah (Thompson) Fay, descendant 
of the Fays of Revolutionary and Green Mountain fame. Soon 
after their m. they purchased the farm that Azariah Rood settled 
upon in 1774 when he came to Jericho as a pioneer, which farm 
has been known for many years as the "Edgar Barber farm." 
The said Edgar Elbert Lee and Ada Polly Barber made this 
farm their home as long as they lived. For more than 25 years 
they conducted a summer boarding house on this farm and met 
with great success in the entertainment of guests who were drawn 
thither by the wide reputation that the house had acquired as a 
delightful resort. 

They had two children, viz. : 1st Agnes L., b. May 3, 1871 in 
Jericho on this farm. She m. Aug. 23, 1893 Edward Asa Rhoades 
who was b. in Richmond, Sept. 9, 1861 and was the son of Cor- 
nelius P. Rhoades, who was a direct descendant of one of the 
first settlers of Richmond. 

2nd Adelbert F., was b. on said farm Oct. 30, 1873, and d. 
Feb. 18, 1908, at Brooklyn, N. Y. Edgar E. L. Barber, d. Dec. 
15, 1909. Mrs. Barber d. Aug. 20, 1913. (See chapter on a 
Ramble About Town). 

THE SIDNEY BARBER FAMILY. 

By S. H. Bamum. 

Soon after the Civil War Sidney J. Barber came from Rich- 
mond to Jericho. He was a son of Denslow and Ida Pitts Barber 
and was b. in Richmond in 1843. In 1868 he m. Ellen Robinson 
who was b. in Jericho, Jan. 13, 1851, and lived with her grand- 
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Robinson. There were b. to them 
six children : 

1. Lula M., b. Dec. 11, 1868, now at home. 

2. Eugene F., b. Mar. 25, 1871, d. July 23, 1892. 

3. Leroy E., b. Feb. 6, 1873, m. Agnes Wilder in 1894. 
Two children: Eugenia, b. 1896 and Ethel, b. 1901. Agnes d. 
Sept. 29, 1902. Leroy is employed on the C. V. R. R.. 

4. Sidney J., Jr., b. April 21, 1875, d. Mar. 18, 1905. 



368 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

5. Lilla M., b. Feb. 15, 1878, m. Charles R. Bicknell, Aug. 
31, 1895. One son, Elmer F., b. in 1897. Lilla d. in 1900 and 
Charles in 1907. 

6. E. Harley, b. April 26, 1879. 

Sidney served in the Civil War, being enrolled in Co. K, 5th 
Reg. Vt. Vols., and was discharged June 29, 1865. 

THE BARNEY FAMILY. 
By T. B. and Chas. T. Barney. 

Captain Thomas Barney was b. in Salisbury, Conn., in 1745, 
and came to Manchester, Vt., when he was about 25 years old. 
About the time that Joseph Brown and family settled in Jericho 
and Gov. Thomas Chittenden in Williston, he also came to Wil- 
liston. He married Governor Chittenden's daughter, Mabel, and 
they had twelve children: William, Chloe, Mary, Sarah, Tru- 
man, Mabel, Ira, Heman, Martin, Abigail, Nancy and Matthew, 
who all grew up and m., except Mary, who died young. Cap- 
tain Barney's home was at Williston until 1820, when he came 
to live with his son, Truman, at Jericho Corners, where he d. 
Sept. 13, 1828, and his wife, Nov. 7, 1838. The accounts of his 
heroic deeds, related by his children, establish, that he was a brave 
man and a good citizen. During the Revolutionary War Cap- 
tain Barney commanded a company of minute men, and was ac- 
tive and aggressive in protecting the early settlers from Indians, 
Tories and British soldiers, in that critical period of the history 
of Vermont, and in establishing the government and independence 
of that Commonwealth. 

Truman Barney, son of Thomas Barney, m. Hannah Bent- 
ley. He purchased a farm at No. Underbill. While he was clear- 
ing his farm and building a house, they lived in a log school 
house; and in this school house their first child was b., Oct. 
18, 1797. They had ten children : Lucius S., Horatio B., Martin 
C, Truman, Harriet, Efifigenia, Matthew L., Ira, Albert and 
Solomon. All except Truman, who d. young, m. and lived to 
a good old age; and all these left children, except Ira and Solo- 
mon. Truman lived in Underbill only one year; then returned 
to Williston for six years, when he bought the saw mill, water 
privileges and two hundred acres of land, at what is now Jericho 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VEIRMONT. 369 

Corners, and this was his home until his death, January 6, 1857. 
All who knew him attest that he was a very active and capable 
business man, and that he and his family had much to do in de- 
veloping the town of Jericho. They built dwelling houses, stores, 
a hotel, mills and factories; and, for many years, carried on all 
kinds of business, at Jericho Corners. Horatio Barney and his 
son, Edgar, had a factory for carding wool and manufacturing 
cloth, at a point on Lee River, about half way between Jericho 
Corners and Jericho Center. Lucius S., Horatio B., Matthew L. 
and Solomon carried on the same business at the Corners for 
many years. Albert had a starch factory where the stone grist 
mill now stands, and also kept a general store; and Lucius S., 
Martin C, Albert and Solomon were landlords at the hotel, for 
more than half a century. Edgar Barney also built and ran a 
sawmill, on Lee River ; and Henry Oakes, who m. Effigenia Bar- 
ney, kept a general store, near the Jericho and Underbill town 
line. 

Lucius S. Barney twice represented Jericho in the Legisla- 
ture. He m. Tryphena Brown, daughter of one of Jericho's 
first settlers, Joseph Brown, Jr., and they had one son, Truman 
Brown Barney. He finally sold the various kinds of business 
which he had carried on at the Comers, and bought a farm on 
Church Street, near where the Browns first settled, where he 
lived until his death, Sept. IS, 1889, at the age of 92 years. 

Truman B. Barney was b. on this farm, Nov. 30, 1833, and 
lived there until 1900. As a young man, he was a successful 
teacher for six years, and m. and took charge of the farm. Be- 
sides the usual agricultural work, he opened up two large sugar 
orchards, installing modern appliances for the manufacture of 
maple sugar and syrup, first upon his own farm, and later 
throughout many of the counties of the State, as General Agent 
of the Vermont Farm Machine Company; and, for 17 years, 
bought large quantities of sugar and syrup, for the wholesale and 
retail trade ; thereby greatly increasing the production and raising 
the standard, as to price and quality, in this important industry. 
As a surveyor and civil engineer, he was actively engaged in 
surveying for more than fifty years, and was called to all parts 
of the state, especially in connection with the important land 
litigation of recent years. In 1908, upon his 75th birthday, he went 



370 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

to Oklahoma, where he has since lived with his son. At the age 
of 80 years, he is as well and active as many men twenty years 
younger, and was called to Vermont in 1910, and spent the entire 
summer in making surveys, plans and in giving testimony in an 
important land case, then pending in Washington County Court. 
Truman B. Barney and Ellen E. Byington, daughter of Hon. 
Stephen Byington, of Hinesburg, were m. Feb. 26, 1856. They 
had two children : Charles Truman and Elizabeth H. Barney. 

Ellen Byington Barney was an ideal New England woman, 
wife and ihother. Endowed with an exceptionally bright mind, 
cultured, pleasing in manner and appearance, during her life of 
more than "three score years and ten," she developed a magnifi- 
cent Christian character, blessing all, but especially dear to her 
husband and children; and, having celebrated her golden wed- 
ding a few months before, she "obtained an abundant entrance" 
to the realm of eternal rest. 

Elizabeth H. Barney taught in the schools of Chittenden 
county seven years, and d. at the early age of 24 years at her 
father's home in Jericho, Nov. 30, 1886, loved and mourned by 
all who knew her. 

Charles T. Barney was b. in Jericho, January 12, 1859; re- 
ceived his early education in the public schools ; taught in them 
several terms; and, while teaching, studied law in the office of 
Hon. L. F. Wilbur, at Jericho ; then took the law course of Union 
University, receiving his degree of LL. B. at Albany, N. Y., in 
1883 ; the same year he was admitted to the Vermont Bar and to 
the New York bar, and began the practice of law at Hoosick 
Falls, N. Y., where he was City Attorney two terms. In 1886, 
he resigned, to become General Attorney for the U. S. Wind 
Engine & Pump Co., a manufacturing corporation, having its 
large plant in one of the suburbs of Chicago, Illinois, with 
branch houses, agencies, and business throughout the civilized 
world. After serving five years, he resigned, to take a similar 
position with the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company. 
Residing at Dallas, Texas, he had charge of its extensive business 
in Texas, Louisiana, Indian Territory, New Mexico and Okla- 
homa. While living in Texas, he m. Belle McCormick, daughter 
of U. S. Circuit Judge A. P. McCormick. They have two daugh- 
ters, Louise Elizabeth and Ellen Belle Barney. He returned to 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 371 

Vermont in 1894, and engaged in the general practice of law 
at Burlington. The Reports of the Decisions of the Vermont 
Supreme Court record many of the important civil and criminal 
cases in which he was counsel. As soon after the death of his 
mother as he could arrange his business interests to leave Ver- 
mont, he carried out the purpose, which he had cherished for 
many years, to return to the activity of the great Southwest, and 
located in the city of Ada, the County Seat of Pontotoc County, 
Oklahoma, in the spring of 1908, shortly after Statehood came to 
Oklahoma. Since that date, as a lawyer, banker and progressive 
citizen, he has been fully identified with the rapid development 
of that progressive young city, county and state. 

Matthew Barney, son of Capt. Thomas Barney, m. Sophia 
Adams, and lived and d. in New York. His widow and children 
afterwards came to live at Jericho Comers. All are now dead 
except his son and daughter, Rodney and Ann Barney. For many 
years Rodney Barney was actively connected with the mills at 
Jericho. 

Of the large Barney family, b. and raised in Jericho, and 
closely identified with its progress, Rodney and Anna Barney are 
the only survivors, who bear the Barney name and now live at 
Jericho. 

Martin C. Barney, above mentioned, d. in 1886 at the age 
of 84 years and is buried in the cemetery at Jericho. He was a 
genial landlord and kept the hotel at Jericho for many years, whose 
burning in 1904 removed a prominent landmark from Jericho 
village. He m. Anna Maria Young. She was a woman of great 
executive ability that made it possible to run their hotel with 
success. She d. in 1873 at the age of 67 years. They had 
two children: (1) Cornelia B., who m. Julius Ransom, and had 
two children, Albert and Charles; and (2) Beulah S., who m. 
Henry J. Parker and had one son, Ned. 

Matthew Barney was b. in 1789 and d. in 1837, and his wife, 
Sophia Adams, b. 1796, d. 1866. 

Matthew L. Barney, the son of Truman, was b. in 1810 and d. 
in 1864, and his wife, Lucia Severance, b. in 1810, d. in 1882. 

Lucia Ann, their daughter m. Smith and they had one soij. 

Matt. B., b. 1863, and d. 1901. 



372 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Albert Barney, the son of Truman, was b. in 1815 and d. 
in 1886. He m. Ellen, daughter of David Hutchinson of Jericho. 
They had one child, Lucia, who m. Downing. 

Martin T. Barney, the son of Matthew Barney and brother 
of Rodney Barney, was b. in 1824 and d. in 1865. He m. 
Minerva Butler, who d. in 1889 at the age of 63 years. They had 
no children. 

The said Rodney was b. in 1833 and his sister, Jane Ann, 
was b. in 1836. They had a sister, Mabel Barney, who m. Smith 
B. Hatch. She was b. 1820, and d. 1867 ; he was b. 1804 and d. 
1881. 

Truman B., d. at Ada, Okl., June 21, 1915, and was buried 
at Jericho. 

REV. SAMUEL HORACE BARNUM. 
By C. H. Hayden. 

Samuel Horace Barnum, was b. April 7, 1852 at West Spring- 
field, Mass., being a son of Rev. Samuel W. and Charlotte (Betts) 
Barnum. His father was a Congregational minister and author, 
and a graduate of Yale, in the class of 1841. 

Samuel Horace Barnum was educated in New Haven, Conn., 
graduating at Yale in 1875 and from Yale Theological Seminary 
in 1879. He was ordained to the Christian (Congregational) 
Ministry, April 25, 1883. He has been pastor at Salisbury and 
Durham, N. H., and at Cornwall and Jericho Center, Vt. 

Mr. Barnum hi. July 13, 1882, Miss S. Pauline Little, dau. 
of Dea. Thos. D. and Susan Smith Little of Salisbury, N. H., a 
graduate of New Hampton Institute in 1877. 

To them have been b. six children : Charles G., b. at Durham, 
N. H., Aug. 2, 1883, graduated at Middlebury College 1905 and 
Yale Medical 1911, and is now practicing medicine in Groton, 
Conn. 

Walter L., b. Durham, N. H., Oct. 1, 1885, graduated at 
Middlebury College in 1907. Has taught in Randolph, Vt., Con- 
cord, N, H., Chicago and Evanston, 111., where he is holding a 
position in the high school. He m. June 30, 1914, Miss Florence 
D. Webster of Waltham, Mass., a teacher in Chicago. They have 
a dau., Marion. 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 373 

Alice W., b. in Durham, N. H., Nov. 24, 1888, graduated at 
Middlebury College in 1912. She has taught in the high school 
in Stowe, Vt., and is now for the third year the principal of Shel- 
don High School. 

Gertrude E., b. at Cornwall, Vt., Dec. 23, 1890, studied at 
Mount Holyoke College two years, and was in her second year 
at Teachers' College, N. Y., when she d., Feb. 17, 1914. 

Clara P., b. at Cornwall, Vt., Nov. 13, 1894, and is taking a 
course in Middlebury College. 

Horace L., b. at Cornwall, Vt., Sept. 2, 1903, and is attending 
grammar school at Jericho Center. 

THE BARRETT AND MATTIMORE FAMILIES. 

By S. H. Barnum. 

Michael and Elizabeth (Breen) Barrett came from Ireland; 
m. and lived in Underbill. Their children were : 

(1) John, who lived in Underbill and d. a few years ago. 

(2) Lizzie, who m. Moses Leary. They lived in town four 
or five years after their marriage. Moses has d. and she has re- 
sided here the last three years. Their children were : 

(a) Michael, b. in Underbill, m. Mary O'Grady of Willis- 
ton. They now live in Jericho and have 'two children: James and 
Irene. 

(b) Moses, b. in Jericho 1886 and lives in Burlington. 

(c) Bessie, b. in Jericho 1888 and lives with Michael. 

(3) Luke, lives in Shelburne. 

(4) Michael, d. 1915 in Burlington. 

(5) Mary, wife of James Fitzsimonds of Underbill. 

(6) Patrick L., b. 1867 in Underbill, m. 1894 Mary Matti- 
more, dau. of Barney B. and Mary (Eagan) Mattimore. She 
was b. 1873. The children of Patrick and Mary have been : 

(a) Loretta, b. 1895. 

(b) Coletta, b. 1896. Is in U. V. M. 

(c) Marcelline, b. 1898 and d. the same year. 

(d) Izetta, b. 1900. 

(e) Euretta, b. 1903. 

Patrick L. came to town in 1894 and has been a school 
teacher and farmer. 
25 



374 HISTORY OF JERICHO. VERMONT. 

Barney B. Mattimore's father, Patrick, came from Ireland 
to Vermont. Barney B. was b. in Grand Isle 1835, and in 1865 
m. Mary Eagan, who came from Ireland in 1845 at four years 
of age. They came to Jericho in 1881 and lived here 27 years, 
moving to Underbill in 1908 and thence to Essex. Their chil- 
dren have been: 

(a) Charles, b. 1866, d. 1875. 

(b) Mary, b. 1873, m. Patrick L. Barrett. (See above). 

(c) Nora, b. 1875 and d. in infancy. 

(d) Augustine and Augusta, twins, b. 1878, the former now 
in N. Y., the latter in Essex. 

(e) Bernadette, b. 1884 and lives in Essex. 

Barney B. Mattimore had a brother James, who m. Ellen 
Howley and their son, Barney, b. 1878 at Milton, has lived in 
town most of his life. 

THE BARTLETT FAMILY. 
By Sophia B. Harmon and L. F. Wilbur. 

Billy Bartlett was b. 1769 and d. 1809. About 1794 he, his 
wife Salina Blatchley, Capt. Ben Bartlett, Eben Bartlett, Mind- 
well Bartlett, wife of Moses Billings, and the latter came from 
Guilford, Conn., or thereabouts, and took up land in Jericho. 

Billy Bartlett and his wife Salina Blatchley were m. in that, 
same year in Connecticut, and to them were b. the following 
children, viz. : Elias, b. Feb. 5, 1795, d. July 27, 1865 ; Joel B., 
b. Oct. 13, 1796; d. 1819; Maria, b. June 10, 1799, d. Oct. 26, 

1853; Martin, b. August 19, 1801, d. ; Ann, b. Feb. 28, 

1804, d. 1807; Mindwell, b. April 6, 1805, d. 1807; Mindwell Ann, 
b. Dec. 26, 1808, d. . 

Elias Bartlett m. March 14, 1822, Eliza Wheelock, who was 
b. in Williamstown, Mass., April 22, 1801, and d. Nov. 9, 1860. 
To them were b. five children, viz. : Lucinda, b. Dec. 3, 1822, 
d. Nov. 12, 1884; Joel Blatchley, b. June 15, 1824, d. 1914 at 
Shelburne ; Betsy Maria, b. Jaii. 12, 1826, d. Jan. 30, 1847 ; Homer 
Lyman, b. Oct. 17, 1830, d. 1905; Edwin Wilcox, b. Dec. 10, 
1839, d. Sept. 11, 1913. (See Physicians). 

Elias Bartlett was a man who took a watchful interest 
in the Congregational Church at the Center and his religious 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 375 

views were strictly orthodox. Rev. Edwin Wheelock preached 
there one Sabbath in exchange and Bartlett thought the sermon 
was tinctured with too Hberal ideas. He met Mr. Wheelock 
the next day and said to him, "You have come down here 
and preached a Universalist sermon, and I want you to come 
down again and preach an antidote to it." He was a man well 
read and of a strong mind and an excellent citizen. He was 
town clerk of the town of Jericho three years. 

Martin Bartlett, the brother of Elias Bartlett, m. Nancy 
Lee. They had no children and after her death he m. 2 Mrs. 
Lucy (Barber) Bingham. He was a man of good ability and 
did quite an extensive business in surveying land in Jericho 
and the neighboring towns. He was an able farmer and lived 
in the northern part of the village at Jericho Center. 

Lucinda Bartlett m. Edgar A. Barney in 1843 and they 
had seven children, viz. : Albert, George, Bessie, Homer, Annis, 
Clara, and Charles. 

Joel Blatchley Bartlett m. Asenath Taylor in 1854, and 
they had a daughter, Sophia Asenath, b. in 1855 who m. Frank 
Harmon of Shelbume in June, 1882. 

Betsey Maria Bartlett m. Jesse Thompson in 1844 and to 
them was b. Annie Eliza in 1845. 

Homer Lyman Bartlett m. Maggie S. Scott in 1859 and 
to them were b. five children, viz. : Harry, Eliza, James, Fred- 
erick and Kate. 

Edwin Wilcox Bartlett m. Helen F. Ball in 1874 and to 
them were b. five children, viz. : Eliza, Mabel, Edwin, Ferdinand 
and Walter. 

Captain Ben Bartlett m. and his children were Eben, 
Amanda, who m. Eli Peck, Delana, who m. John Chambers, 
Chloe, who m. Joseph Hatch, and Christiana, who m. William 
Rouse. (See Hatch Family). 

Eben m. Polly Woodworth and they had several children, 
William, Samuel and a daughter, who m. Zenas Nash, are 

remembered. William m. Mahala , and their oldest 

daughter, Catherine m. Charles Leclair, their 2nd daughter, 

Delia m. , and their 3rd daughter m. 

Edwin Tracy. 



376 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

CARROLL LYNN BARTLETT. 

By C. H. Hayden. 

Carroll Lynn Bartlett, son of Earl and Brush Bartlett, was 
b. in Cambridge, Vt., Jan. 3, 1876. He was m. Nov. 6, 1901 to 
Clara Ann Burns, dau. of Royce D. and Edna L. Burns. She 
was b. in Westford, Vt., Sept. 12, 1883. Their children are Edna 
Maria b. Sept. 16, 1905, and Earl Royce, b. April 6, 1909. Mr. 
and Mrs. Bartlett purchased the Edward Whitcomb farm Nov. 3, 
1910, which they still own. 

THE BASS FAMILY. 
By Mary B. W. Day. 

Josiah Bass and Harriet Newell Bass Whitcomb came to 
Jericho in 1842. They trace their ancestry to Samuel Bass, who 
emigrated from England and settled in Roxbury, Mass., about 
1630, being one of the first settlers of Massachusetts Colony; 
about 1640 he moved to Braintree, (now Quincy) Mass., was 
there chosen the first deacon of the church, which office he held 
for about 50 years. In 1641 and subsequently, he represented the 
town in the state legislature twelve years. Dea. Bass had a 
strong and vigorous mind, and was one of the leading men in 
town for many years. He d. Jan. 10, 1695, aged 94; his wife, 
Anna, d. Sept. 16, 1693, aged 93. 

John, son of Samuel, b. about 1632, m. Dec. 14, 1657, 
Ruth, dau. of John Alden of Duxbury, Mass., who came over 
in the Mayflower, d. Sept. 23, 1716. From his two eldest 
sons, John and Samuel, sprang the different families of Bass 
that have lived in Vermont. From the time of the first Samuel 
Bass, 1640, until nearly the present, there has been a Samuel in 
direct line of descent. 

Note.— John and Ruth (Alden) Bass had seven children 
whose posterity in part it may be interesting to trace: 1, John, 
Jr., is the ancestor of Samuel and Edward Bass; 2, Samuel, of 
Jonathan Bass; 3, Ruth; 4, Joseph of the Right Rev. Edward 
Bass, D. D., who d. Sept. 10, 1803 ; 5, Hannah, of John Adams 
and John Quincy Adams, two Presidents of the U. S. ; 6, Mary, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO. VERMONT. 377 

of Zion and Willard Copeland; 7, Sarah, of Dr. Samuel Thayer 
(of Burlington) and Samuel Belcher. 

The above note and all the earlier dates are taken from 
the History of the Town of Braintree, Vt., to which so many of 
the early Vermont settlers came from Massachusetts, compiled 
34 years ago at their one hundredth anniversary of the town. 

Samuel Bass, Jr., was b. in Braintree, Mass., Jan. 2, 1777, 
m. Apr. 29, 1802, Polly Belcher, b. in Randolph, Mass., Apr. 
29, 1785, and d. Jan. 2, 1864 ; he d. Nov. 24, 1850. They spent 
their winters in Jericho with their children as long as they 
lived, and were devout Christians, not only by precept, but by 
example in the old Puritan ideas of right living. Sunday after- 
noons they gathered about the grandmother to hear her tell in 
her interesting way Bible stories. 

Their children were Samuel 3d, b. Dec. 15, 1805, m. Mar- 
garet Parker Oct. 17, 1862 ; children of this marriage, Samuel 4th 
and Joseph Parker. When their mother d. she left the two little 
boys. Joseph P. spent much time with his relatives in Jericho 
until he went into business in Lowell, Mass., and after that 
his vacations were generally spent in sight of old Mansfield. Since 
his marriage to Mary March of Bangor, Maine, his home has 
been in that city. He has for many years been the owner of 
the Bangor Whig, and more than once mayor of the city. Once 
when he was mayor, he being a staunch Democrat, turned a polit- 
ical trick upon the Republican party, which was told all over 
the country. It was a turn you would hardly expect from a 
Jericho boy, but it shows that a Jericho boy, if he has sufficient 
self-respect, need not be ignored. The Republican Club had in- 
vited President Grant to come to Bangor, visit their club, and 
make a speech, and a great feast was prepared, but a mistake 
was made in ignoring the mayor, since he was a Democrat, but 
which the mayor did not consider a respectful way for a city 
to treat their chosen official. The great day dawned beautiful 
and bright, and a row of carriages was waiting at the sta- 
tion to escort the great hero of the Civil War and now Presi- 
dent. At the order of the mayor a cordon of police was drawn 
up at the station which no one but the mayor was allowed to 
brecik through. When the train stopped Grant was seen to 
step out and great cheering went up, but instead of escorting 



378 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

the General and President into the waiting arms of the Repub- 
lican party, he was escorted to the waiting barouche of the 
Mayor and immediately driven off with Mr. Bass's personal 
friends following in carriages. They drove until time for din- 
ner, when instead of going to the Republican Club, a sumptu- 
ous feast was in readiness at the home of the Jericho boy, 
and speech making and jollity were the order of the day until 
train time. The great man was then hurried just in time into the 
station to take his train. That is how J. P. Bass, a once Jericho 
boy, stole the President. But Bangor long since forgave him, 
and he has lately given a beautiful park to the city, considered 
worth over twenty-five thousand dollars. This story is told to 
inspire Jericho boys to avoid a too prominent back seat. 

Jonathan, the 2nd son of Samuel, Jr., b. Dec. 26, 1807, 
spent the greater part of his life in Buffalo. His two sons, Saville 
and Lyman, graduated at the head of their class at Harvard, 
the former 1st and the latter 2nd. The former lived but a year 
or two after graduation, a victim of tuberculosis. Lyman K., 
twice represented his district in Congress, and was the senior 
partner of the law firm of Bass & Cleveland, from which Presi- 
dent Cleveland was chosen. 

Josiah, b. in Brookfield, Dec. 15, 1818, m. Jan. 8, 1841, 
Mary A. Whitcomb and resided in Jericho from 1842 until 
about 28 years ago, when he moved with his family to Minne- 
apolis, Minn. They owned and resided for about 20 years on 
what is known as the Kingsbury farm. Josiah Bass was for 
many years deacon of the Congregational Church. Their eldest 
son, Henry J., left school when only seventeen years of age, 
and enlisted in the 2d Vt. Regiment. He was large of his age 
and strong, and was a brave soldier, who in the heat of battle 
forgot self and caution, and recklessly stood and fired for two 
or three other soldiers to reload who were lying on the ground. 
He was warned about taking such a terrible risk, but could not 
be dissuaded. He died a victim of a Confederate sharp shooter's 
bullet at the Battle of the Wilderness, and his burial was with 
the many others who gave their all as he did in the great Civil 
War. 

Hamlet, the 2nd son of Josiah, m. the daughter of one of 
our U. S. Ambassadors to Germany and lives in Bangor, Me. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT^ 379 

Clarence, a 3d son, died of brain fever, a victim of a bully 
at school, when only eight years of age. The big boy thought 
it smart and manly to repeatedly lift the little boy by his hair 
high into the air. He lived only a few days, and his untimely 
death was a terrible blow to his parents, and all who knew the 
amiable child. 

Osmond, the 4th son, is an accomplished musician and 
leader of boy choirs in Minneapolis. He has studied abroad to 
perfect himself in his profession. 

The 5th son, Dr. Willis G., m. Nellie, dau. of Arthur Castle 
of Jericho. They still live in Minneapolis where Dr. Bass is a 
practicing physician. 

Harriet N. Bass, dau. of Samuel, Jr., b. in Brookfield, Vt., 
June 8, 1820, m. Edward S. Whitcomb of Jericho. They lived 
on the farm bought in 1844 until the time of their death. They' 
spent a few years in California and New York when business 
called them, but were always glad to come back to the old 
farm, especially in summer time. 

Harriet Bass Whitcomb was a genial woman and loved to 
repeat the stories her grandfather used to tell her while sitting 
on his knee. He was a fine singer and told her how Pres. John 
Adams used to attend his classes at the time he was courting the 
woman he afterward m. She was the dau. of a minister, who 
did not fully approve of the young man, fearing he would not 
make a suitable living for his dau., and when he used to come 
courting his horse wasn't stabled or John feasted as the sister's 
lover had been, and the brothers cut up all manner of pranks 
to dissuade the young lover, such as turning the saddle and 
cutting the lines, etc. But the young people were not to be 
thus discouraged, and the young barrister finally won out, and 
the minister told his Abigail that she could choose her own text 
for the sermon to be pleached the Sunday the bans were pro- 
claimed, and she chose the following : Luke 7, 34 and 33 : 
"The Son of man is come eating and drinking; and ye say be- 
hold a gluttonous man, and a wine bibber." 33d: "John came 
neither eating bread, or drinking wine; and ye say. He hath a 
devil" 

Abigail when she went to Washington as the wife of the 
President. John Adams, it is said made and took with her her own 



380 HISTO-RY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

cider apple sauce and soft soap in making which she was very 
proficient. Let it be borne in mind that such things as perfumed 
toilet soaps and canned fruits and confections were not for the 
use of even the President of the U. S. A. in those days. 

She remembered her mother telling, that when she was a 
little girl, her mother came home from visiting at her Aunt 
Hitty's and saying, "Aunt Hitty had some potatoes for tea, 
roasted in the ashes, and they tasted very good." That was 
the first that they had been used for the table according to her 
grandmother's knowledge. She remembered her mother telling 
of picking barberries with other children to be made into candles 
for the officers' camps in the War of 1812. Her practical 
stories were many, which perhaps will interest the young ladies 
of the present day. A rich nobleman was looking for a wife, and 
one with a large store of patience was what he required in who- 
ever he should marry, so in order to make sure of the quantity 
and quality he snarled a skein of silk into an almost inextricable 
tangle, and first of all, asked the ladies he most admired one after 
another, as it was given up as hopeless. Finally a modest un- 
assuming girl was found who patiently worked at the tangle until 
it was straightened. Of course since this was a test she was the 
chosen bride. For Harriet Bass Whitcomb's descendants, see 
record of Whitcomb family. 

THE BATCHELDER FAMILY. 
By C. H. Hayden. 

George William Batchelder, son of George Washington and 
Lucretia Mack Batchelder, was b. in Plainfield, Vt., Sept. 16, 
1841, m. 1 Laura Hull in 1865. Two children were b. to them: 

John Travis, b. Dec. 1868, and d. at the age of eight years. 

Lucia, b. Feb., 1871, who m. Prof. JuHus S. Sturtevant, to 
whom were b. two children, Ralph and Ruth. Mrs. Sturtevant 
d. Sept. 1, 1910. Mrs. Laura Batchelder is also dead. 

George William Batchelder m. 2 Flora Davis, dau. of Myron 
Davis of Johnson, Vt. 

Mr. and Mrs. Batchelder moved from Underbill to Jericho 
in 1904. Mr. Batchelder did excellent service as a soldier in the 
War of the Rebellion, being in the fierce battle of Gettysburg. 
Mr. Batchelder's great-grandfather came from England. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 381 

THE BATES AND HODGES FAMILIES. 
By Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Bates and L. F. Wilbur. 

Hiram Elbert Bates, the son of Elihu and Nancy (Pierce) 
Bates, was b. in 1849 at Richmond, Vt. He m. Lillian Mary 
Hodges Nov. 21, 1876. She was b. in 1854 at Richmond, Vt. 
They have one child, Blanche Hodges, b. in 1880, at Essex Junc- 
tion, Vt. She m. Charles Bell and they have one child, Russell. 

The father of Lillian Mary Hodges was Julius Clark 
Hodges, the son of George Hodges. Julius Clark was b. in 
1824, and m. Almira Susannah, the daughter of Pelatiah and 
Sally (Proctor) Russell, b. in 1825 at Richmond. Julius Clark 
and Almira Hodges had ten children, viz. : 

(1) Alice Johannah, b. in 1844. 

(2) Sarah Frances, b. in 1848, who m. Edward Barnum. 

(3) Fred Russell, b. in 1850. 

(4) Lillian Mary, b. in 1854, who m. Hiram E. Bates in 
1876. 

(5) George Leonard, b. in 1858. 

(6) Addie Julia, b. in 1860. 

(7) Jennie Louisa, b. in 1862, who m. Howard Willey. 

(8) Henry Clay, b. in 1864. 

(9) Laura Blanche, b. in 1865. 

(10) A baby, b. in 1871, who d. in 1873. 

Hiram E. Bates is a farmer and a lumber dealer and has 
operated a saw mill in the south part of the town for many years. 
He is an active business man. These families were Universalists 
in their religious belief. 

BENEDICT FAMILY. 

By C. H. Hayden. 

Moses Benedict and his wife, Lois Pratt with five children 
came from Bridgeport, Conn, about 1780, and settled at Underbill 
Flats, probably on the land just west of Dr. A. F. Burdick's 
residence, now owned by H. L. Murdock. The oldest inhabitants 
think that Moses Benedict built a portion of this house after his 
arrival. Here was b. the subject of our sketch, Dr. H. G. Bene- 
dict, Mar. 29, 1808, the sixth child of Moses and Lois Benedict. 



382 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

The Benedicts moved later to the present residence of George 
H. Benedict. Dr. Benedict studied medicine with Dr. Burroughs 
and in 1840 graduated at Castleton Medical College. He m. 
Delana Hurlburt, oldest child of Weight Hurlburt, a soldier of 
the War of 1812. To them were b. five children : 

(1) Addison, a lawyer who was b. Sept. 20, 1840, and d. 
Nov. 28, 1912. He m. Frank Sherman. Their oldest child, Guy 
W., b. June 10, 1870, m. Clara Mason and they have had four 
girls, Bessie, Mary, Marjory and Marion. The second child of 
Addison and Frank Benedict was Bessie, who lived only about 
two years. 

(2) Maria was b. Feb. 25, 1842, and m. George La Sell, 
Mar. 16, 1877. 

(3) Marion S., who was b. Aug. 10, 1844, and d. Nov. 27, 
1908. She m. William Burroughs. 

(4) Wait M. was b. June 3,, 1846, m. Isabel Stevens. They 
have two children, Mabel, who m. Samuel Tilden and they have 
two children, Marion and Samuel, Jr. Berton S. is the second 
child of Wait and Isabel Benedict. 

(5) George H., who at times has been a resident of Jer- 
icho, was b. Sept. 17, 1849, and m. Alice Humphrey. They have 
had two children, Amia, b. Mar. 19, 1888, and d. June 10, 1914, 
and Ada, who was b. Sept. 20, 1900. 

THE BENHAM FAMILY. 
By Minnie (Benham) Walton. 

John Benham and his sons, John and Joseph, came from 
Plymouth, Eng., in the ship "Mary and John" and landed at Nan- 
tasket near Boston, Mass., on May 30, 1630. 

They settled at Dorchester, now South Boston, and were 
allotted land among the original proprietors. John, Jr., was a 
brick maker and town crier, and belonged to the Old South 
Church of Boston. In 1638 he joined the Eaton and Davenport 
Colony and was mentioned among the seventy original families 
who colonized New Haven, Conn. John, Sr., d. in 1661. From 
Connecticut the Benhams scattered in every direction, many 
of them soon achieving distinction in civil and military affairs. 
Some have been prominent in the army and navy, some in literary 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 383 

circles, while some have been ministers of the gospel. David 
Benham was a bishop in England as early as 1246 A. D., while 
many of the names are enrolled in the British navy and figured in 
civil life in London and surrounding counties. 

Isaac Benham was of the 7th generation from John, Sr. ; 
(Isaac of the 6th, Ebenezer of the 5th, Ebenezer of the 4th, John 
of the 3rd, John of the 2nd, and John of the 1st generation). 

Isaac of the 7th generation was b. Oct. 21, 1760, and m. June 
3rd, 1784, at Salisbury, Conn., Thankful, daughter of Peter and 
Thankful Reid. She was b. in Salisbury, Conn., June 17, 1763. 
They removed to Genesee Co., N. Y., and afterwards to Jericho, 
Vt., about 1796. She came on horseback. The country was 
primeval forest at that time with no roads. People nearly always 
travelled on horseback. The way was known by trees. Isaac 
came a year before his family and made ready for them. I have 
heard my grandfather tell how his father built his chimney of 
clay and sticks, and when it got on fire he used a squirt gun to 
put it out. They used to draw logs into the house, with a horse, 
for use in the big fireplace. There was always a large log called 
a "back log," then smaller ones on the andirons. There were no 
matches in those days, and when the fire went out, as it some- 
times did, the children had to take a covered dish with a handle 
on it and go to the neighbors for coals. They also went to the 
neighbors for yeast made from potatoes, with which to make 
bread whenever they neglected to save enough to start new. Their 
lights were tallow dips which they made themselves. The boys 
used to go barefooted much of the time. I have heard them tell 
how they used to warm pieces of wood before the fire to stand 
on while chopping wood. 

The town records show that Isaac Benham sold land in town 
Oct. 29, 1801, and on Sept. 25, 1801 he bought of a Mr. Rood 
Lot 72, comprising fifty-six acres of land right of Benjamin 
Miggins. He sold lot 60 to Jubilee A. Hulburt and Thankful 
Benham. He was a mechanic and could turn his hand to almost 
anything, as is shown by the varied trades in which he was pro- 
ficient. He was tailor, surveyor and blacksmith. People came 
from far and near for help and advice. He was a large, portly 
man and dressed in blue broadcloth, knee breeches, low shoes 
with buckles, long stockings and carried a fine gold fob chain. He 



384 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

was vigorous, honest and upright, a staunch supporter of the 
Congregational Church at Jericho Center. He built the house in 
the south district in the southern part of the town formerly owned 
by a Mr. Stockwell. He was a Revolutionary soldier of Water- 
bury, Conn., and was lieutenant in 1776 in Col. Baldwin's 10th 
Regiment of militia. He was in the 5th Connecticut Regiment 
from July 1st to Dec. 8th, 1780. 

Thankful Benham was a great worker in spinning, weaving 
and knitting. Some of her work has been preserved to this day. 
Many stories have been told of her skill in culinary matters and 
of her shrewdness and sense of humor. She was kindhearted and 
very domestic. In later years she wore a silk handkerchief crossed 
over her breast and always carried knitting sheath. Her mother 
spent the last years of her life with her and d. at the ripe age of 
90 years. Isaac and Thankful lived together seventy years, and 
both died of old age. He d. Dec. 7, 1853 and she d. Nov. 27, 
1853. Their children were, viz. : 

(1) Clarissa, b. Mar. 10, 1785 ; d. Feb. 14, 1868. 

(2) John, b. Dec. 25, 1786; m. Sarah Hoskins and d. Mar. 
18, 1875. 

(3) Smith, b, Sept. 25, 1789; m. ; d. . 

about 1876, and is buried at Williston, Vt. 

(4) Silas, b. May 10, 1791 ; d. April 29, 1867. 

(5) Philander, b. Mar. 28, 1793 ; d. Oct. 14, 1836. 

(6) Hannah, b. Feb. 21, 1807. 

Deacon John (8) son of Isaac and Thankful (Reid) Benham, 
was b. Dec. 26, 1786, in New York or Connecticut. He came to 
Jericho when he was nine years old. He m. Sarah, daughter of 
Nathan and Sarah (Oakes) Hoskins, b. Mar. 13, 1790 and who d. 
Mar. 2, 1865. They lived with his father one year after they were 
m., then bought the place since owned by Collins H. Nash, and 
then traded with a Mr. Richardson for the place later owned 
by his son, Nathan, and now owned by the great grandson, Har- 
lan Hall. The original house on the last mentioned farm was built 
by a Mr. Skinner when the farm was owned by Palmer Richard- 
son. The house was remodelled by Nathan Benham to its present 
condition. For a few years they lived on a farm adjoining, but 
in the last years of their life made their home with their son, 
Nathan. Deacon John was a member of the Baptist Church at 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 383' 

Jericho Corners. He had a most amiable disposition which made 
him loved by all who came in contact with him. He was called "a 
faultless man" by those who knew him best. He was a soldier of 
1812. He had a soldier's grant of land in the Elkhorn Valley, Neb. 
His wife was "Aunt Sally" to every one. She had the ability to 
overcome all obstacles when she undertook to do anything. 

Their children were : Isaac L., b. Jan. 12, 1813 ; m. Valencia 
Lane Mar. 23, 1837, who was b. Mar. 21, 1813, at Jericho, Vt.. 
She d. at Morley, Mo., Nov. 14, 1871, and is buried in Grant Co., 
Wis. He d. near Morley Jan. 27, 1874. They had one child, 
Laura, who m. a Mr. Watson and had three children, William, 
George and a son who d. unm. 

Nathan, son of Deacon John and Sarah (Hoskins) Benham, 
was b. Oct. 14, 1816. He was m. Aug. 26, 1840 and d. April 7, 
1890. He m. Catherine Augusta, daughter of J. Stephen and 
Dulcena (Vincent) Manwell of Richmond, but lived near the 
Jericho line. She was b. Nov. 13, 1818. Nathan was selectman 
during the War of the Rebellion of 1861 and did much of the 
work in enlisting soldiers for the service in that war. He held 
many of the town offices. He owned the farm (where he lived 
till his death) that was purchased by his father, Deacon John. He 
and his good wife were supporters of the Congregational Church 
at Jericho Center. He was part owner of the Millbrook Cheese 
Factory, and later was interested in the creamery in that locality. 
Mrs. Benham was a beautiful character, gentle, kind and true. 
Every one who knew her respected and loved her. Their children 
were, viz.: (1) Stephen, b. April 8, 1842; d. June 2, 1849; (2) 
Edward Eugene, b. Aug. 4, 1843 ; m. Carrie A. Mason, who was 
b. July 12, 1847; lived a few years in Jericho, and then moved 
to Brookfield, Vt., where he bought a farm and raised a family 
of four daughters and one son. (3) Sarah Jane, b. Nov. 4, 1847; 
m. Dec. 29, 1868 Heman W. Rice, and lived in Westford, Vt., on 
a^ large farm. R,etiring they moved to Essex Junction where she 
d. in 1907. Heman m. (2) Mrs. Herrick. (4) John Stephen, b. 
July 26, 1849; m. Ellen M. Chase. She was b. in 1853. They live 
in Milton, Vt. He was a druggist, but his health failed and he be- 
came a travelling salesman. They have two children and both are 
living in Milton, Vt. (5) Catherine Dulcena, b. July 8, 1853 ; m. 
Aug. 12, 1887, Henry Burr Hall, who was b. Feb. 22, 1856. He 



386 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

bought the Benham farm and lived there until they sold it to their 
son, Harlan Page Hall, who now lives there. Mr. and Mrs. Henry 
Burr Hall now live in Burlington, where he has been employed 
as superintendent of the State Forestry Bureau. (6) Minnie Belle, 
b. July 11, 1863 ; m. April 28, 1885, George Bostwick, son of Sam- 
uel M. and Mary C. (Bostwick) Walton of Montpelier, Vt., b. 
Mar. 12, 1861. They reside at Montpelier. They have two sons : 
Benham and Harold Frederick. 



THE BENTLEY FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur and Wilson A. Bentley. 

Shelly Bentley came to this state from Wells, Conn., and to 
the town of Jericho before the year 1800, and settled on Millbrook 
in the southeast part of the town, on the place now known as the 
Hubbel B. Smith farm. At first he built and lived in a log house 
on said farm when that part of the town was almost an entire 
wilderness. He was b. in 1795 and m. Abigail Stevens. She 
was b. in 1804 in Jericho. Her father was Roger Stevens who 
served three years as a soldier in the Revolutionary War. Their 
children were, viz.: Reuben, b. 1826; Julia, b. 1828; Thomas E., 
b. 1830; Emma, b. 1833; Mary, b. 1836, and Amos Wilson, b. 
1840. 

(1) Reuben d. 1840. 

(2) Julia m. Kingsbury Hatch and they had one child, 
Valora, who m. John Jones of Bolton. Both, are dead. 

(3) Thomas E. d. 1887. He m. Fanny Colton, and they 
had two children, Charles F. and Wilson Alwyn. Charles F. b. in 
1863 ; m. Mary Blood in 1884. She was b. in 1870. They have eight 
children : Alric, b. in 1886; Agnes, b. in 1888; Arthur, b. in 1891 ; 
Alice, b. in 1893 ; Archie, b. in 1896; Amy, b. in 1899; Anna, b. in 
1901 ; Alwyn, b. in 1905. Wilson Alwyn Bentley, b. in 1865, has 
always lived in Jericho and now owns and lives on the old Andrew 
Warner farm. 

Jericho, Vt., has one industry, if such it may be called, that 
gives it a unique place and that has carried the name of the town 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 387 

all over the world. The snow crystals photographed in Jericho by 
Wilson A. Bentley have become world famous. There is perhaps 
no university of note in the world which has not photographs of 
these crystals, or reproductions of them in text-books or in some 
form. The marvelous beauty and symmetry of these snow forms, 
and the many articles Mr. Bentley and others have written about 
them in the magazines, newspapers, books, etc., have brought this 
about. Mr. Bentley began the study and drawing of snow crys- 
tals while yet in his "teens," and first began taking photomicro- 
graphs of them in his 20th year, (1885). These studies, photo- 
graphic and otherwise, of snow crystals, frost and ice crystals, 
dew, clouds and other water forms, have been enthusiastically 
carried on ever since, over a period of now nearly 30 years. 
Over 2,000 photomicrographs of snow alone, and nearly as many 
of other water forms have been secured, making a collection of 
marvelous and unrivalled beauty and interest. Mr. Bentley has 
both written and lectured about them. Among his more important 
articles are these : "Snow" and "Frost" in Encyclopaedia Ameri- 
cana; articles in Popular Science Monthly, May, 1898; Harper's 
Magazine, Dec, 1901; Technical World Magazine, Mar., 1910; 
"Knowledge" Magazine, Jan., 1912, London, England; article 
in Christian Herald and two papers published by the Weather 
Bureau, entitled "Studies of Snow Crystals, Winter 1901-1902," 
250 illustrations; "Studies of Fiost and Ice Crystals," 275 illus- 
trations. 

Each number of the "American Annual of Photography," 
1904-1913 inclusive, also contains an illustrated article by Mr. 
Bentley. The uses of these snow forms in the realms of art, and 
in industry are continually broadening. Jewelers, metal workers, 
silk manufacturers, art-craft shops, etc., find these beautiful 
designs useful in their work. 

Mr. Bentley has had many invitations to join learned so- 
cieties, both at home and abroad, but he has denied himself these 
pleasures that he might have more funds to carry on his beautiful 
studies. Biographical sketches of Wilson A. Bentley may be 
found in "Who's Who In America"; "The International Who's 
Who," "American Blue Book of Biography," a German "Who's 
Who" and other biographical works. 



388 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

THE SAMUEL BENTLEY FAMILY. 

By S. H. Barnum. 

Samuel Bentley, distantly related to Shelly Bentley, lived 
a part of his life and d. in Cambridge, but lived a number of 
years where William Millham recently resided. He had six 
children: Lyman, Elisha, Erastus, Mabel, Aura and Almira, of 
whom Lyman, Erastus and Aura lived in this town, and all are 
now d. 

(1) Lyman, b. about 1803, m. Huldah Woodruff. He d. 
1873. They had two children both b. in Jericho: (a) Eliza, b. 
1836, m. Trumbull Lee in 1856. They had four children : (aa) 
Idella, b. 1857 in Jericho, m. James Burgess and they have three 
children : James, Idella and Edna. They live in Bad Axe, Mich, 
(bb) Albert, b. 1865 in Jericho, m. Elizabeth Davis of Mo. They 

have three children: Edna, John and . (cc) WilUs, b. in 

Mich., is m., and (dd) Homer who d. when three years old. (See 
Addition to the Lee family). 

(b) Alma, b. 1839, m. in 1870, David Miles Ransom who_ 
d. in 1895. One child Mary, m. Lewis B. Howard. Alma m. 
in 1896 Wilson Whitmarsh, who d. 1908. (See Ransom and 
Whitmarsh families). 

(2) Erastus, m. Jane GriiBn, and lived where S. M. Pack- 
ard now lives. They had seven children : Loren, Zalmon who 
lives' in Grand Isle Co., Mary, Samuel, Emma, Lottie and Lillie. 
Emma and Lottie are d., and four others live in New Bedford, 
Mass., where Erastus d. 

(3) Aura, m. Harry Wilder. (See Wilder family). 

Of the others Elisha lived and d. in Cambridge; Mabel, m. 
Josephus Wheeloclc, lived in the South, but d. here; and Almira, 
m. Nathan Lewis and lived in Williston. 

THE BICKNELL FAMILY. 

By Emma Bicknell and L. F. Wilbur. 

Nathaniel Bicknell came from Enfield, N. H., when this part 
of the country first began to be settled and located in Underbill, 
but some of his children became residents of Jericho. He m. 
Betsey Dustin. They had ten children : Simeon, Nathaniel, Olive, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 389 

Lucy, Dana, Leonard, Betsey, Alfred, Louisa and Sophronia. 

(1) Simeon m. (1) Lucy Morse and had one child, Lucy, 
who m. Barney W. Paine, and resided in New York. Simeon m. 
for his second wife Lydia Sherman, and they had nine children. 
Simeon Bicknell was well educated and a fine teacher. He was 
the first principal of the old Jericho Center Academy that was 
opened in 1827, and he remained the principal of the school for 
five years. He moved to Malone, New York. (See Jericho 
Academy). 

(2) Nathaniel m. Fanny Thompson and they had three 
children: Ellen, John and Fred. All emigrated to the West. 

(3) Olive m. James Orr. They had no children. She m. 
2 Roswell Gleason and they had one daughter, Mary, who m. 
Fernando Powell of Underhill. He d. and she lives as his widow 
in Jericho. Olive m. 3 Abial Rogers of Underhill. 

(4) Lucy m. Josiah Mead of Underhill and they had two 
children : Lucinda and William, both being d. 

(5) Dana, b. 1805, m. Emma L. French in Jericho in 1829. 
Their children were : Leet, b. 1831, and d. in 1858, unm. ; Jane, b. 
in 1834, who m. George Weston in 1878, and d. 1907, childless ; 
Allen, b. 1837, d. 1843'; Dustin, b. 1842, m. Eudora Weaver in 
1867 and they had one child, Kate Beulah, b. 1869, who m. New- 
ton Isham in 1901, who d. in 1902 (they had one child, Dana 
Bicknell ; she and the child live in Jericho ; Dustin d. in 1910, his 
wife in 1908) ; Allen, b. 1844, m. Lorinda Martin in 1865 (they 
have had four children: Abbie, Jennie, Dana, and Guy). Emma 
T., b. 1848, has been a school teacher. 

(6) Leonard m. Emeline Kellogg. They live in New York. 

(7) Betsey m. Humphrey Mead. Both are dead. They had 
seven children: Lorinda, Ellen, Lucy, Emeline and Hettie, and 
two boys that d. in infancy. Lorinda m. Simeon Clapp of Jeri- 
cho. They had two children : Emeline and Walter. 

(8) Alfred m. Theresa Woodworth and they had four chil- 
dren : Wallace, Henry, Orlando and Byron ; m. 2 Laura Wheeler. 
No children. 

(9) Louisa m. Truman Thompson. * They had four chil- 
dren : Sera, Leonard, George and Jesse. 

(10) Sophronia m. Silas Terrill and they had ten chil- 
dren: Matilda, Betsey, Henry, Loomis, Clark, Mary, Homer, 
26 



390 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Otis, Horace and Harmon. Betsey, Henry, Clark and Mary are 
dead. Loomis, who lives in Jericho, was b. in 1844, and m. Anna 
Stratton in 1874. She was b. in 1850. They have four children : 
(1) Lynn, b. 1875, d. 1888; (2) Pearl, b. 1877, m. Mabel Rogers 
in 1904, and they have one child, Dorotha; (3) Willis, b. 1879, 
m. Carrie Moore in 1913; (4) Dennis, b. 1888, lives in Jericho 
with his parents. 

Loomis Terrill has lived, since his marriage, in Underhill, 
Hyde Park and Johnson, but his home is now in Jericho, where 
he has resided for the past nine years. He is a farmer and in 
his religious belief is a Congregationalist. 

THE GEORGE BICKNELL FAMILY. 
By G. C. Bicknell. 

Isaac Bicknell m. Sarah Green, and they moved from Enfield, 
N. H., to Underhill, Vt., in 1818, with seven children : Amanda, 
Delia, Catherine, Nathan, Dan, Wesley and George. George 
came to Underhill at the age of nine years. He was educated 
at the common schools and for a time attended the Academy at 
Jericho Center. In 1837 he m. Laura Whiton, who was b. in Es- 
sex, Vt., in 1813. She had two half-brothers, Lester and Har- 
rison, and one half-sister, Clarissa. George Bicknell and his 
wife Laura had lived together as husband and wife 58 years. She 
d. in 1895 and he in 1896. 

They had five children: (1) Dennis, who served in the late 
Civil War in the 2nd Vt. Regiment and in the Vet. Reserve Corps 
over five years. After the war he m. Naomi Abercrombie of 
Canada. He became a Methodist preacher and preached for that 
denomination for several years, and afterwards connected him- 
self with the Congregational denomination and preached for that 
denomination in the state of Washington till he d. at Houghton 
near Seattle, Washington, in 1897. His wife d. in 1913. They 
had no children. 

(2) Delia A., who m. J. A. Graves of Wolcott, Vt., in 1859. 
He served three years in the 9th Vt. Regiment in the War of the 
Rebellion, and d. in 1872. 

(3) George Clinton, who was b. in Underhill in 1843, and 
who with his father, George Bicknell, moved from Underhill 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 391 

into the eastern part of Jericho in 1872, locating on the farm 
now called the Brennan farm. In 1888 they moved into the 
village of Jericho Center where George C. Bicknell and his 
family have since made their home. George Clinton Bicknell 
enlisted in the War of the Rebellion in 1861 in the 7th Vt. Regi- 
ment, served four years and four months and was honorably dis- 
charged. He is a mechanic and farmer. He m. Adelia L. Rice 
of Westford, Vt., in 1869. She was the daughter of Samuel and 
Martha J. (Cushman) Rice. They had three children: Charles 
R., b. 1870; Chauncey C, b. 1875; and Florence E., b. 1885, 
who is a teacher in Chicago. Charles R. m. Lillie M. Barber of 
Jericho, in 1895. She d. in 1900 and he d. in 1907. They left 
one son, Elmer F., b. in 1897. Chauncey C, m. Fannie A. Hul- 
burt in 1903 and they have three children, viz. : George K., b. 
1904; Robert C, b. 1905 ; and Laura F., b. in 1908. 

(4) Laura Alice was b. in Underbill in 1846 and m. Fred 
A. Fuller of Jericho, Vt., in 1867. They had three daughters, all 
dead. He served four years and three months in the 7th Regi- 
ment of Vt. Vols, in the War of 1861. She d. in 1882. 

(5) Preston F. Bicknell who. was b. in Underbill in 1853 
and lives in South Lancaster, Mass. 

THE BISHOP FAMILY. 
By Rufus B. Galusha. 

A sketch of the lives of humble men and women who braved 
the perils of coming to this wilderness about 150 years ago, must 
of necessity be meager. 

The principal incentive to labor and suffer as they did, in 
clearing away forests, erecting homes, and cultivating the rough 
soil, was to provide for those whom Providence had placed in 
their care. 

They established their homes, organized their communities, 
and fought the enemies of their institutions as duty seenied to 
call them. All they did may never be told; they lived and died 
each performing his humble part, with never a thought of being 
remembered as heroes. 

Among this number we first find the name of Daniel Bishop, 
b. in 1735, m. in 1759 to Betsey Bowen. They came from Massa- 



392 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

chusetts or Rhode Island and located in the south part of Rich- 
mond, which was originally Williston, where they lived and died. 
He is said to have served in the Revolutionary War. He was 
certified on December 30th, 1793, by the rector, as a member of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in Shelburne, Vt. From 1795 
to 1800 he was highway surveyor of Richmond, lister in 1796, 
and school commissioner in 1800. The families of Flagg, Squires, 
Whitcombs and Saul Bishop are connected with this ancestor. 

The third child of this marriage was Daniel Bowen Bishop, b. 
March 27th, 1764 and d. April 25th, 1844. He m. Edith Steel, 
and passed most of his life in Hinesburg, Vt., as a farmer. Ten 
children were the fruits of this marriage, all b. in Hinesburg. 
You will notice in respect to the size of the families in those days, 
they used to compute by the decimal system. 

•Ephraim Bishop, the third child of Daniel B. and Edith 
Steel Bishop, was b. in Hinesburg, July 7th, 1791, and served in 
the War of 1812. He m. Lucy Hoadly, who was b. in Hart- 
land, Vt. Their children, also ten in number, were all b. in 
Hinesburg. Ephraim later moved to a farm on the Lamoille 
River, below Cambridge, where he d. July 19th, 1879. 

I will not attempt to trace this large family of children and 
grandchildren, who are widely scattered and occupying positions 
of trust in many parts of "the country, and only mention those 
with whom we are more familiar in Jericho. 

Eveline, the oldest daughter, m. Mosely Woodworth, of Es- 
sex and later of Fairfax. 

Amarilla, m. Julius Halburt, of Essex, who served many 
years as constable of Fairfax, and for 8 years as sheriff at 
St. Albans. 

The sixth child, Susan, m. Sanford Holmes, at one time 
a resident of this town ; both Mr. and Mrs. Holmes d. in Kansas, 
leaving one son. Homer Holmes, who m. Emma Field, daughter 
of H. M. Field, of Jericho. They lived here several years and 
are now in Burlington. 

Appolus Bishop has been for several years a resident of 
Jericho, on the farm known as the Truman Barney place, and a 
married daughter, Mrs. Elmer Irish, living across the way on the 
Day farm, and a son, George, in Burlington. 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 393 

Rufus Bishop, the seventh child of Daniel B. and Edith Steel 
Bishop, was b. in Hinesburg, August 4th, 1799, the same year 
that Washington died. He m. Hannah Leet of Claremont, N. H. 
Their seven children (two of whom d. in infancy) were all b. 
in Hinesburg. A sketch of the ancestry of Hannah Leet is traced 
in a well preserved record back to Gov. William Leete of Guil- 
ford and New Haven, Conn., who was b. in Lodington, Hunting- 
donshire, Eng., about 1612, and his ancestors are traced back to 
1209. 

Rufus and Hannah Bishop came with their five children 
from Hinesburg in 1839, and located on the Noah Chittenden 
farm, so long occupied by his son, the late Daniel B. Bishop, and 
later to the spacious mansion built by Martin Chittenden, where 
they d. in 1872. It will be remembered that his two sons, Leet 
and Daniel, also d. in this same house. 

Leet A. Bishop, the older of the two sons, many of you will 
remember, as he lived so many years on the farm now owned 
by Ellery Fay and occupied by his son Wright Fay. He served 
the town in many of its public offices ; as lister in 1854, as select- 
man in 1861-2-3 and 4, as representative in 1856. He m. Aurille 
Clark, daughter of Wright Clark of Williston, and in the later 
years of their life they lived on a farm in Williston village, 
where they were active members of the Methodist Church. 
Although they had no children, they managed to keep a full 
table. In the many times I visited them during these years I do 
not remember taking a meal with less than ten or a dozen seated 
about the table. "Come right in and have something to eat" 
was a characteristic expression of his. In his later years as he 
became incapacitated for business he used to tell me with a 
good deal of apparent pleasure of his service as selectman at 
Jericho, when the covered bridge at the "Corner" was built. 

My mother, Angeline O., was the next child of Rufus and 
Hannah Bishop, and spent most of her life here in Jericho, as 
many of you will remember, till she went with me in 1900 to 
Royalton, and later to Boston, where she d. in September, 1907. 
Besides my own family, Albert L. Galusha, a grandson living in 
Boston, and my sister, Lydia Effigene, wife of Dr. D. F. Estes, 
of Colgate University, Hamilton, N. Y., survive her. 



394 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

The 4th child of Rufus and Hannah Bishop, Effigene M., m. 
Royal B. Chase, and d. in Westford, April 29th, 1858, leaving 
two daughters, still living: Rogene E., wife of A. A. Herrick 
of Milton, and Rocelia A., wife of Judge A. L. Palmer, of Seattle, 
Washington. Rogene has one child, Mrs. Rowley in Burlington, 
and Rocelia has seven children located in Seattle and vicinity. 

Daniel Bowen Bishop, the 5th child, m. Mary Clark of Wil- 
liston. May 19th, 1853, and Oct. 22nd, 1890 m. 2 Emma L. Ham- 
mond of Lyons, Iowa, with whom he lived at the old Homestead 
in Jericho, at the time of his death, March, 1909. He always lived 
in Jericho after about 12 years of age, and was a prosperous dairy 
farmer, maintaining at times a dairy of 130 cows. Three children 
survive him: Mrs. Furgeson of Williston, and two sons, Dr. 
Rufus W. of Chicago, and Clark W., ranchman of Texas. 

Betsey Jane, the youngest child of Rufus Bishop, m. May 
20th, 1850, Lucius L. Lane, an honored and respected citizen of 
this town, who in addition to his farming interests served in 
most of its public offices, till his removal to Winooski Park. 
After his death Mrs. Lane went to Minneapolis, where she 
now lives with her only child, Geo. B. Lane, a broker. 

The Bishops were active and industrious and liked to do 
things on a large scale, and were sometimes generous to a fault. 

My mother told me that, when she lived at home on the 
Chittenden farm, and theC. V. R. R. was being built, they kept 
some boarders in addition to the farm work, and she with the 
assistance of her mother and sisters, used to convert a barrel of 
flour a week into bread, doughnuts, pies and cakes. They were 
good eaters. 

My grandfather, Rufus Bishop, was 73 years old at the time 
of his death which occurred 41 years ago the 15th of this present 
month (August, 1913). My memory of him only reaches back 
to the later years of his life. I think those who knew him better 
than I will corroborate the statements of a close friend of his 
who wrote the following at the time of his death : "Mr. Bishop 
was through his life a man of remarkable activity and industry. 
He enjoyed a large measure of health, strength and prosperity. 
His old age was vigorous, serene and cheerful. In his later 
years he had the appearance of being much younger than he 
really was, and when summoned to depart this life 'his eye was 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 395 

not dim, nor his natural force abated,' and his mental powers 
were unimpaired. He was a man of good sense and judgment, 
good habits of life and business, marked kindness and sympathy 
and irreproachable integrity, a good adviser and a faithful friend. 
His abundance of this world's goods was held and enjoyed with 
a spirit meek and lovely as a child. From early life he was a 
Christian believer. He was baptized and united with the Baptist 
Church in Richmond in 1827; and though after the dissolution 
of that church he never connected himself with any other, his re- 
ligious convictions and sympathies were always strong and tender, 
and in his last hours he was supported and cheered by the hopes 
and consolations of the Gospel." 

On the 18th of August, 1872, all that was mortal of this 
noble man was deposited in the cemetery at Jericho beneath the 
beautiful marble monument which he had erected about 14 years 
before, and where during these years have rested the remains 
of his daughter, Mrs. Royal B. Chase, and recently those of his 
son, Daniel B. Bishop. Of Mr. Bishop's family, a widow and 
two sons, L. A. and D. B. Bishop, and two daughters, the wives 
of T. C. Galusha and L. L. Lane, survived him, all of whom have 
since passed away, except Mrs. L. L. Lane, now of Minneapolis. 

It is interesting to note that of this branch of a large family, 
so recently active in the affairs of Jericho, only two remain to 
bear the name, the sons of D. B. Bishop, and both are without 
children. 

THE BISSONETTE FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

The grandfather of Joseph Bissonette of Jericho was also 
by name Joseph Bissonette. He and his wife were b. in Canada 
and emigrated to Hinesburg, Vt., in 1836. They had several 
children, among whom was a son by the name of Joseph, who m. 
his wife in Canada. He and his wife emigrated to Hinesburg, 
Vt., in 1837, and both d. there in 1899. They had six children 
and all of them, except their son, Joseph, were b. in Hinesburg. 
Joseph was b. in 1837 in Canada and m. Mary Jane Frassier in 
1859. She was b. in Hinesburg. They had six children, viz. : 



396 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

(1) Ella L., b. in 1860, who d. in 1879. 

(2) Kate, b. in 1864, who m. William Stinehour. They 
had three children, girls. 

(3) David E., b. in 1867, who m. Ethel, the daughter of 
Ferris McGinnis of Jericho. He d. 1915. One child, Gertrude. 

(4) Charles E., b. in 1870, d. in 1871. 

(5) Martha, b. in 1874, m. Charies Mead at Jericho in 1899. 
they have one child, Laura, b. in 1899. 

(6) Charles E., b. in 1877, d. 1879. 

Joseph Bissonette and his wife after their marriage lived in 
Richmond, Vt., for several years and came to reside in Jericho 
in the village at the Corners in 1867 where they have ever since 
lived, and he has carried on the tinware and hardware business 
and has always been regarded as a skillful tinman. 

(2) Tuff el, b. in 1836 in Hinesburg. He enlisted in the 
war of 1861 for the term of nine months in the 14th Regiment 
of Vt. Vols., and was killed in action in the battle of Gettys- 
burg, Pa. 

(3) Napoleon, b. in 1838, m. Jennie Croff of Huntington. 
They had two children, a boy and a girl. Napoleon enlisted 
in the 14th Regiment of Vt. Vols., and was wounded at the bat- 
tle of Gettysburg. He moved to the State of Montana and 
there d. 

(4) Philoman, m. Frank Vinton and both are d. They had 
one girl. 

(5) Julia, m. Norman Brownell and they lived at Essex 
Junction. They had a boy and girl who d. 

(6) Emma, m. Waite Bliss of Jericho, and they had two 
children, Fred C. and Bert A. Bert d. in 1909. (See Clement 
Bliss Family). 

THE BLACKMAN FAMILY. 
By S. H. Barnum. 

Nathaniel Blackman of Huntington, Ct., settled in town and 
three of his sons figured prominently in town and church afifairs. 
Their descendants were numerous, but all have been gone from 
Jericho for many years and the name has disappeared here. Few 
particulars have been ascertained about the present generation. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 897 

Nathaniel was b. in 1738 and d. in 1819. His wife Huldah 
was b. in 1749 and d. in 1820. They had four sons. 

1. Nathaniel, b. 1781. He m. 1 Wealthy Palmer at Hines- 
burg in 1807. Their children were: 

(a) Orissa, b. 1810, m. Lewis Rood. See Rood family. 

(b) Edwin, b. 1815, non-graduate U. V. M. 1837, merchant, 
went to Chicago and d. there. 

(c) Irene, b. 1817, m. James M. Dean 1843. 

(d) Selem Fayette, b. 1820, m. Lucia Stone 1841. They 
had a dau., Helen Augusta, who d. when 16 months old. 

(e) Mary, b. 1822. 
(,f) Charles, b. 1824. 

Wealthy the first wife d. in 1830, and the name of Nathaniel's 
second wife was Anna. She d. in 1839. Nathaniel built and 
lived in the house now owned by W. J. Nichols, and was a 
prominent man in town. He d. in 1844. 

2. Pliny, b. 1784. He built the house where Ransom Wil- 
der lives, kept store and for twelve years was town clerk. The 
last of his life he was a cripple. He m. Lucinda Wheelock of 
Hinesburg in 1814. She was b. in 1790 and d. in 1847. Their 
children were: 

(a) Mary Emily, b. 1816, d. 1885 unm. She cared for her 
father in his invalidism. She perished in the fields in the winter 
season. 

(b) George, b. 1817, U. V. M. '38, taught in the South, d. 
1882. (See graduates of U. V. M.) 

(c) James Smedley, b. 1819, U. V. M. '44, d. 1891. Had 
son James. 

(d) Eliza Ann, b. 1821, m. Charles Lyman, d. 1878. No 
children. 

(e) John Wheelock, b. 1823, attended in '45 Jericho Acad- 
emy, went South. Pliny d. in 1850. 

3. Lemuel, b. 1786, m. Rebecca Wells who was b. 1791, and 
d. 1859. Lemuel lived where E. B. Jordan now resides. He 
read sermons in deacons' meetings. He d. 1862. Their children 
were: 

(a) Henry C, who in 1837 m. Minerva Lane, dau. of 
Stephen Lane. He lived where Mrs. Whitmarsh now lives and 
was a merchant. He moved from Jericho to Marengo, 111., about 



398 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

1860, and d. at Harvard, 111., about 1881, aged 63. His wife d. 
at the same place about 1888, aged 63. The children were: 

(aa) Adelia, living at Nice, France. 

(bb) Carlos accidentally killed at Block Island, R. I., Sept., 
1895. His home was Chicago and he left a widow, Florence 
Littlefield, now living at Rockford, 111. 

(cc). Emma, who m. Charles L. Linsley and d. at Marengo, 
111., about 1890. Two dau. : Grace and Bessie Dodge live in N. 
Y. City. 

(dd) Willis L., b. about 1845, lives at Hinsdale, 111. 

(ee) Chester S., d. at Hinsdale, 111., Oct., 1913, aged 66. 

(ff) Henry E. C, b. about 1851, lives in Cleveland, O. 

(b) Catherine, who m. Dr. Jamin Hamilton in 1845. Their 
children were : William who became a doctor and went to Albany, 
N. Y., Hobart who became a dentist, and Frances who m. William 
Jackson. 

(c) Mary Jane who m. Edgar H. Lane. She was b. 1825, 
d. 1853. 

(d) Wells, who went West and d. at Rochester, Minn., 

about 1892. He m. 1 Cornelia and they had one son, 

2 Marion Gloyd who d. 1858. They had four children. 

(e) Phebe Ann, b. 1828, m. Edgar H. Lane and had one 
son, Edgar Francis, b. 1858, d. 1914 unm. She d. 1858. (See 
Lane family). 

4. Prosper B., m. Betsey Potter in 1816. Children: Pliny 
Dwight and Charlotte. 

THE BLISS FAMILY. 

By Mrs. Jennie R. Williams. 

Lemuel Bliss was b. in Rehoboth, Mass., Aug. 15th, 1791, the 
son of Galen Bliss and his wife, Sybil Peck. The family, with 
relatives by the name of Peck, removed to Calais, Vt., during 
Lemuel Bliss' boyhood, Mrs. Bliss (Sybil Peck) being an aunt 
of Gov. Asahel Peck, who was Vermont's governor from 1874 
to 1876. Mr. Bliss left an uncle, Geo. Bliss, in Rehoboth, whose 
grandson, Cornelius N. Bliss, was Secretary of the Interior from 
1896-1900, and one of the leading bankers of the country. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 399 

Lemuel Bliss m. Deborah Herrick at Calais, Vt., in 
1817. His tastes in early manhood were decidedly military, and 
he held Gov. Cornelius P. Van Ness' appointment as adjutant of 
the 5th Infantry, date of Aug. 11th, 1826. His uniform was of 
blue broadcloth with scarlet facing, decorated with bullet shaped 
silver buttons, and a red cockade more than a foot in height was 
fastened by a silver eagle to the hat. In those days the annual 
encampment and "June Trainings" made heavy drafts on officers 
in the line of "treating," etc, and the needs of a young family 
compelled his resignation and removal to Burlington, where he 
engaged in carpentry and building. In 1836 he removed to Jeri- 
cho, following the same occupation. He built wisely and well in 
the days when all parts of a building were the builders' handicraft, 
as no mills put out finished products. His death occurred in 1859, 
followed by that of his wife in 1872. 

Children: James Lawrence, b. Oct. 29th, 1821, d. in Iowa, 
1892; John Dennison, b. Sept. 23, 1823, d. Nov., 1888; Lemuel 
Julius, b. June 28, 1825, removed to California; Elsie Kaira (see 
Rawson family) b. Oct. 26, 1827. 

James Lawrence Bliss m. Fannie Prouty in 1846. She d. in 
1848, and he m. Ella Oakley in 1861, removing to Illinois. 

John Dennison Bliss, M. D., m. Rosamond Howe, Mar. 31, 
1844. Children : Wellington, b. July 18, 1849, d. Sept. 6, 1861 ; 
George L., b. 1862, d. in infancy. 



CLEMENT BLISS FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur and Mrs. Persis Bliss. 

We trace this family from Thomas Bliss, who was b. in 
England about 1550. The name is from the Norman French 
Blois and has taken different forms: Bloys, Blyse, Blysse and 
Blisse, and finally the American Bliss. The family is under- 
stood to be of Norman descent and to have arrived in England 
with William the Conqueror. The coat of arms bears the motto, 
"Semper sursum," meaning "Ever upward." The history of 
the American family begins with the Puritan brothers, George 
and Thomas, Jr., who came to America to escape religious per- 
secution, landing in Boston in 1635. 



400 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Clement Bliss, a direct descendant, was b. in Essex, Vt., in 
1817 and d. in 1896. He m. Mary Frederick in 1839, who was 
b. in 1821 in Canada. They moved to Jericho Comers and in 
1852 to Williston. To them were b. three children in town : 

(1) Grace E., b. in. 1842, m. Gilbert O. Coburn in 1905. 
They lived in Shelby,' O., where he d. in 1913. 

(2) Fred H., b. 1845 and d. in Andersonville prison in 
1864. 

(3) Waite C, b. 1852 and m. Emma L. Bissonette in 1878. 
(See Bissonette family). Two children: 

(a) Fred C, b. 1881 in WiUiston and in 1904, m. Persis 
Crawford, who was b. in 1881 at Millbridge, Me. They have 
three children, Freda, b. 1906 ; Carolyn E., b. 1908 and William, 
b. 1910. 

(b) Bert A., b. 1890, d. 1909. (See high school). 
Waite Bliss and son, Fred, came to Jericho from Williston 

in 1905 and purchased the old Cyrus Packard farm. In 1915 
they purchased the farm on Lee River recently owned by I. L. 
Thompson. 

THE SAMUEL B. BLISS FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

The ancestors of the line of Bliss we are tracing came from 
England to America in the 16th century. 

Pelatiah Bliss of Lebanon and Bolton, Conn., (the son of 
Henry Bliss and Bethiah Safford of Lebanon), the great grand- 
father of Samuel B. Bliss, was b. May 6, 1725, and m. Hephzibah 
Goodwin in 1744. They had seven children, the third child 
named Pelatiah, Jr., being b. in 1749. The father d. in 1808. 

Pelatiah, Jr. m. Ruth Lowell of Haverhill, N. H., and New- 
bury, Vt. They were m. at Newbury in 1772, and he d. there. He 
was one of a company of "Minute men" under Capt. Thomas 
Johnson of Newbury, in 1775. On June 17, 1782, he was taken 
prisoner by a detachment of British troops sent out to capture 
Gen. Jacob Bailey. 

It is understood in the family of Blisses that he represented 
the town of Bradford in the Vermont Legislature in 1787. Their 
children were : Davenport, b. in 1779, d. in 1856 ; Ruth, m. John 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 401 

Brown of Williston, Vt. ; Patty, m. Jonathan Ring of Corinth, 
Vt; Henry, b. Nov. 5, 1785, d. in 1853; Pelatiah, b. in 1787, 
d. in 1870; John, b. in 1795, resided at Winooski, Vt., and d. in 
1847 ; Hannah, m. Samuel Smith of Essex. 

Henry Bliss, the son of Pelatiah and Ruth, m. Sybil Florella 
Butler of Essex. She was b. in 1784 and d. in 1827. They had 
five children, viz. : Almedia Salome, b. in 1812, d. in 1813 ; Lowell 

Bishop, b. in 1814, d. in 1872; Samuel Butler, b. in 1816, d. ; 

Edmund Henry, b. in 1822, d. in 1848; Norman Gaylord, b. in 
1824, d. in 1864. After the death of his wife Henry removed to 
Licking Co., Ohio, in 1834. 

Samuel Butler Bliss came from Newbury, Vt., to Essex to 
live with his uncle, Timothy Butler, and resided with him for 
some time, removing with his father to Hartford, Licking County, 
Ohio, in 1834, but later returned to Essex, Vt. His father d. at 
Hartford, Ohio, in 1853. All of the children of Henry and Ruth 
were farmers, except Samuel B., who was a mechanic and black- 
smith, following those trades until his death in 1895. Samuel B. 
Bliss m. Sally Clarissa Cadwell on the 28th day of January, 
1841, and removed to Jericho at the village called the Flatts. They 
had four children, viz. : George Henry, b. in 1844, who m. Sarah 
Eleanor Wines in 1869 ; Samuel Eugene, b. in 1846, who m. Mary 
Frances Hickok in 1869 ; Edmund Abbott, b. in 1848, who m. Har- 
riet Whipple in 1873 ; Sybil Florella, b. in 1850, m. George Lee 
Wills. 

George Henry was a teacher and a bookkeeper. Samuel 
Eugene is a hardware commission merchant. Edmund A. is a 
farmer and painter. Sybil F. and Edmund A', live in Jericho. 

Samuel B. Bliss held the office of Justice of the Peace for 
many years. He had naturally a judicial mind and served as a 
Trial Justice for a long time. He was a worthy citizen, an honest 
man, and a member of the Episcopal Church of Jericho. 

THE BLODGETT FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

Sylvanus Blodgett was one of the early settlers of Jericho. 
He was b. in 1783, at Whitingham, Vt., and d. in 1872. In 1807, 
he m. Rachel Woodward, who d. in 1861, aged 79 years. They 



402 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

lived on the premises where Joseph Bissonette now lives, on the 
south side of the street leading from Jericho Corners to the rail- 
road depot. Their house was burned to the ground about 1860, 
but the present house was soon thereafter built. 

The first ancestor of the said Sylvanus Blodgett of whom I 
have any information was Thomas Blodgett, who left London, 
England, April 18th, 1635, with his wife and two sons and settled 
at Cambridge, Mass. Sylvanus Blodgett was of the seventh gen- 
eration from this Thomas Blodgett. 

The children of Sylvanus and Rachel W. were seven in 
number, besides twin sisters who died in infancy. The names 
of the seven children were : Carlos G., b. April 26, 1808, and d. 
1825; Lucius Seneca, b.July 22, 1809, and d. in 1846; Robinson 
Smiley, b. March 10, 1812, and d. in 1884; Mary, b. Oct. 16, 

1817, and d. in 1867; Isaac M., b. .May 30, 1820, and d. ; 

Mary E., b. June 16, 1822, and d. in 1883 ; and Cynthia Maria, 
b. July 15, 1831, who lives in Chicago, 111. 

Lucius Seneca m. Caroline Matilda Martin Aug. 23, 1832. 
She d. Jan. 31, 1885. They had two children, Orcalia, b. 1833 
and d. 1860, and Carlos Sylvester, b. May 28, 1837. Carlos Syl- 
vester m. Sarah M. Chaddock at Lake City, Minn. She d. in 
1907. They had no children. He now lives at Waubay, S. D. 
He was b. in Jericho, and still takes a great interest in every- 
thing relating to the town, and frequently writes to his friends 
living there of the old brick schoolhouse on the hill, where he at- 
tended school, and of the old brick church and of the cemetery in 
the rear of the church where his father is buried. 

Robinson S. was b. in 1812 and d. in 1884 at Jericho. He 
m. Emily P. Wiggins who d. May 1, 1861, at the age of 50 years. 
They had two children: Martha, who m. Almond Hill, and has 
two children, Jed and Abby, who removed from Jericho many 
years ago, to Baldwinville, Mass.; and Eva, who d. April 23, 
1864, at the age of seven years. 

Russell S. Blodgett was for many years Constable of the 
town of Jericho and Deputy Sheriff of Chittenden County. He 
' was a careful business man and a good citizen. 

Mary E., above named, m. Wm. A. Brown. He was b. , 

d. in 1862, and is buried in Jericho. She d. in 1883, at Rock- 
ford, 111. They had one child, Adell G., who d. in 1876 at the 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 403 

age of 17 years. William A., the husband of Mary, E., enlisted 
in the War of the Rebellion, Jan. 13, 1862, and served in Co. A, 
7th Regiment of Vermont Volunteers. He d. at New Orleans, 
La., Aug. 13, 1862, and a pension was granted his family. 

Sylvanus Blodgett, the father of Robinson S., and Lucius 
S., served as a soldier in the militia from Jericho, was a fifer in 
the Battle of Plattsburg, and was so badly burned about the face 
and eyes by powder that he became blind. He was a member 
of the Second Congregational Church of Jericho for many years 
and played the violin and sang in the church choir. 



THE BOLGER FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

Moses Bolger was b. in County Wexford, Ireland, about 
1806. He m. Alice Barrett and emigrated to Underbill in 1848. 
In 1869 he came to Jericho and carried on the James H. Hutchin- 
son farm for several years. 

Moses and Alice Bolger had eight children, but only five of 
them ever lived in Jericho. 

(1) David lived in Jericho a few years and then moved to 
Cambridge. He m. Sarah Duffey and they have one son, Fred. 
He d. April, 1915. 

(2) Michael F., b. about 1853, m. Maggie Carroll about 
1880, and they have two children, Francis and Charles, who were 
b. in Jericho. In 1888 this family moved to Oakland, Cal., where 
Michael F. d. in 1911. 

(3) Luke B., b. in 1855, m. Kate Leary in 1885, has always 
lived in Jericho. They have three children: Helen, b. in 1889, 
who is a school teacher; Dessa, b. in 1891, also a school teacher; 
and Irene, b. in 1894. Luke B. is a farmer, an industrious man 
and a good citizen. His wife d. in 1911. 

Anna, b. in 1858, m. John Carroll. (See the Carroll fam- 
ily). 

(5) Moses, Jr., b. in 1861, went to California in 1889, m. 
and d. there in 1914. 



404 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

THE BOOTH FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

John Booth was b. in 1752 in Conn. He m. Lucy . 

She was b. in 1760, at Roxbury, Conn. He d. in 1810 and she d. 
in 1829. They had eight children: David, b. in 1780; Lucy, b. 
1783; John, b. 1787; Eunice, b. 1789; Mary, b. 1793; Marinda, 
b. 1795; Peter, b. 1798; Harvey, b. 1803. All of their children 
were b. at Roxbury, Conn. Harvey, who came to live in Jericho, 
Vt., m. Ann Day, the daughter of Edward Day. She was b. in 
1806 and d. in 1879, and he d. in 1885. They had three children, 
viz. : Laura Ann, George Ransom and Hawley Castle. 

Laura Ann was b. in 1826 and d. in 1844. She m. Rollin R. 
Townsend. They had one child, Laura Ann, and she m. Oscar 
Loomis, and they had one child, Ida Bell, who m. Claude Griggs, 
of Chicago. 

George Ransom, b. , m. Mary Jane Packard, an 

adopted daughter of Levi Packard, and they had one child, CUn- 
ton, and live in Wis. 

Hawley Castle, was b. in 1827 and m. Julia H. Church in 
1854. He d. in 1907. They had seven children, viz.: 

(1) Alida Ann, b. 1859; (2) Elbert Smith, b. 1862, m. Cora 
Nealy, and has two children, Elmer and Ida May. (3) Chauncey 
C, b. in 1865, d. in infancy. (4) George H., b in 1867, m. Cora 
Day, and m. 2 Florence Batchelder. They live in Boston. Six 
children. (5) Lillie Asenath, b. in 1871, m. Edward T. Scott and 
lives in Dudley, Mass. They have two children. Hazel and Irene. 

(6) Jennie, b. in 1872, m. Melvin B. Small in 1892 ; who was b. in 
1873. They have two children, Gladys and Doris. Melvin B. 
Small d. in 1906 and Jennie, his widow, m. 2 Elbridge G. Nealy. 
He is a jeweler located at Underbill. Gladys m. Augustus Pollard. 

(7) Sadie Idell, b. in'1876, m. Frank Perrigo in 1908. The father 
of Julia H., wife of Hawley Castle, was Ezra Church, who d. in 
1881 at the age of 84 years, and the maiden name of her mother 
was Asenath Chapin, who d. in 1876 at the age of 78 years. 

Hiram Booth, of Jericho, was a nephew of Harvey Booth. 
Hiram had a brother, Proctor Booth, who for a time lived in 
Westford and later at Milton. They had two sisters, Clarissa 
and Sally. Sally lived in Jericho a part of her life. Proctor had 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT- 405 

one son Homer, who d. in the West. Hiram was b. in 1814 
and d. at Jericho in 1895. He m. Caroline Bliss, who was b. in 
1820 and d. in 1892. They had one son, Morton, b. in 1849, who 
d. in 1888. He m. Sarah Van Vliet, the .daughter of Christian 
and Cornelia Van Vliet, of Jericho, and they had one son, Glenn, 
who m. Lizza Cooper and has two children : Florence and Harold, 
who live in Hardwick, Vermont. 

THE BOSTWICK FAMILY. 
By Mrs. George Walton. 

The surname of Bostwick is of Saxon origin and is trace- 
able to the name Edward the Confessor, who preceded Harold, 
the last of the Saxon kings, upon the throne of England. Like 
all ancient names it has undergone mutations during seven centur- 
ies, and has even been changed materially since Arthur Bos- 
twick first transplanted it into the wilderness of America, as 
the records of Stratford, Conn., (where he was one of the first 
seventeen settlers) show as early as 1643. It is not until the third 
generation in this country that the full fledged Bostwick is 
found. 

The family came to America from Cheshire county, Eng- 
land. Their name was written in the great Doomsday Book com- 
piled by William the Conqueror. In the Bostwick book the motto 
on the crest is "Semper Presto Servere," meaning "Always 
ready to serve." 

Arthur Bostwick, the emigrant, was born in Cheshire county, 
England, December 22, 1603, removed to New Milford, Conn., 
and, in 1789 his grandson Arthur came to Jericho. He came 
to this country at the time of the persecution of the Puritans by 
Archbishop Laud, and no doubt the cause of his coming was to 
seek religious freedom. Records show that he was a man of im- 
portance in the community and wealthy for those days. He used 
his wealth freely in maintaining a fine establishment, as did suc- 
ceeding generations. 

Arthur (5) son of Nathaniel and Esther (Hitchcock) Bost- 
wick, the first of the name to come to Vermont, was b. in New 
Milford, Conn., June 28, 1729, and died in Jericho, Vt., January 
10, 1802. 
27 



406 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

He m. in New Milford, Ct., July 1, 1752, Eunice,, daughter 
of William and Sarah (Bostwick) Warriner. She was b. in 
Brimfield, Mass., June 3, 1729, and d. in Jericho, May 26, 1801. 
Mr. Bostwick removed from New Milford, Ct., April 29, 1775, 
to Manchester, Vt., where he lived 14 years, and from there to 
Jericho in 1789. In May, 1764, he was appointed First Lieu- 
tenant in the 2nd company of militia at New Milford. Nathaniel 
(6) Bostwick, son of Arthur (5) and Eunice (Warriner) 
Bostwick, was b. in New Milford, Ct., Feb. 7, 1757, and d. in 
Jericho, Feb. 10, 1807. He m. in Manchester, Vt., Jan. 22, 1778, 
Miriam Baker. She was b. in Manchester in 1760 and d. in 
Jericho in April, 1823. 

Nathaniel owned the tavern known as the Bass House, now 
owned by John H. Russell, on the right corner as you turn to 
go down the Raceway in Jericho at the village known as Un- 
derbill Flatts. He is buried in the cemetery between Underbill 
and Jericho Corners, known as the Castle Cemetery. He was one 
of the first wardens of the Church of England at Manchester, 
Vt. He with his son, Arthur, and Rev. Gideon helped found the 
First Episcopal Church at Manchester, Vt. Their children were: 
(1) Arthur, b. Oct. 31, 1778, who m. Feb. 10, 1802 Sally 
Clark; m. 2 Mar. 12, 1814, Polly Hathaway. (2) Joseph, b. 
Sept. 15, 1780, m. Asenath Hall; m. 2 Mrs. Alvira Holgate. (3) 
Nathaniel, b. July 21, 1782, d. Oct. 24, 1791. (4) Anna, b. May 
19, 1784, m. Wm. McL. Moore. (5) Anson, b. May 16, 1786, m. 
Lucinda Lane, and m. 2 Sarepta Hadley. (6) Lorraine, b. May 4, 
1788, m. Samuel Knapp, m. 2 James Hadley, and m. 3 Phineas 
Atwater. (7) Sophia, b. Feb. 12, 1790, m. Delaplaine, and m. 2 
Gilbert Churchill. (8) Eunice, b., Dec. 27, 1791, d. Dec. 18, 1794. 
(9) William, b. Mar. 6, 1793, d. Mar. 11, 1793. (10) AfEe, b. Feb. 
15, 1795, d. Mar. 20, 1795. (11) An infant, b. June 23, 1797, d. 
June 25, 1797. (12) AmariUa, b. July 24, 1798, m. Isaac Choate. 
(13) Minerva, b. Aug. 3, 1801, d. unm. 

Arthur (7) son of Nathaniel (6) was b. in Manchester, Oct. 
31, 1778, and d. in Jericho, July 13, 1866. He m. in Castleton, 
Vt. Feb. 10, 1802, Sally, daughter of Hannah (a daughter of Gov. 
Thomas Chittenden) and Gen. Isaac Clark. She was b. in Castle- 
ton in 1782, and d. in Jericho Mar. 23, 1813. He m. the 2d time 
in Bennington, Vt., Mar. 12, 1814, Polly Hathaway, who was a 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 407 

niece of the second Governor of Vermont, with whom she re- 
sided. (She was the daughter of one of seven brothers who 
fought in the Battle of Bennington; her mother scraping lint 
for the wounded during the battle). She was b. June 6, 1784, and 
d. in Jericho, Dec. 31, 1856. She was a woman of strong char- 
acter and great executive ability. It was owing to her efforts 
that the Episcopal Church in Jericho was finally built. Her hus- 
band together with her father, brother and sons, all Church of 
England men, helped to form the first Episcopal Church at 
Manchester, Vt., and when they came to Jericho they set about 
founding one there, but when Polly married into the family there 
still remained a substantial sum to be raised. She conceived the 
plan of buying a knitting machine and herself knitting the tub- 
ing for socks, the legs to be put out among the church families to 
be footed. In this way she realized quite a sum which helped 
lift the debt. People used to come from far and near to tell her 
their troubles and have her help them by her advice to settle their 
difficulties. Her descendants own many relics showing her many 
pursuits, and valuable household goods, such as silver, fine linen, 
(for which she raised the flax) and silk which she made from 
silk worms that she cultivated. A piece of the white silk wedding 
dress of Polly is owned in the Walton family, as well as many 
other interesting relics of her family life. Arthur Bostwick 
clerked in one of the first stores in the town of Jericho, kept by 
William and Samuel Hickock. He kept the Bostwick House 
built about 1802, later known as the Dixon Hotel (burned in 
1892) that stood a short distance below the Bass House kept by 
his father, in Jericho at the village known as Underbill Flatts. He 
helped found the Episcopal Church at said village. He was 
identified with the interests of the town more than almost any 
other man. His grand list in 1811 was $322.50, one of the four 
largest in town. He was for some time a civil magistrate and 
occupied a prominent position in the affairs of that day. He 
speculated largely in farm produce and acquired a large property 
for that day. 

In the War of 1812, he was appointed Second Lieutenant in 
the 30th Infantry, U. S. A., April 13th, 1813; Regimental 
Quartermaster in 1813 ; First Lieutenant, Feb. 18, 1814, and was 
honorably discharged June 15, 1815. 



408 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

An incident of his high sense of honor in performing his ob- 
ligations while in the army is this: he, with two others, signed 
the bond of a paymaster who defaulted, taking the funds of the 
government he had in charge and deserting to the enemy, going 
to England. Arthur, not desiring to escape his responsibility, 
gave up all his property, a large amount, he being an exten- 
sive farmer and land owner, reserving nothing except his wife's 
dower right in the home farm. President Madison gave him 
a free acquittance of the balance, after learning of his honor- 
able endeavor to fulfill his bond. Up to within a few years of 
his death he was a leader in all public affairs. While he was 
active in all political matters of his party, he never had any de- 
sire to enter the field as a candidate himself, yet was always 
ready with clear council to advise and aid when needed. 

His children were : (1) Martin Chittenden, b. Feb. 3, 1803, 
m. Lucy Hathaway, Jan. 1825, m. 2 Mary Thompson, 1855. He 
removed from Vermont in 1844, and settled at Marshall, Wis., 
where he d. October 10, 1870. His children by his first marriage 
were: Arthur S., Romeo, Ann EHza, James, and Young; and by 
his second marriage, Orlando Page. 

(2) Julius Hoyt, b. June 10, 1805, m. Nov. 26, 1833, in 
Cambridge, Christia Columbia, daughter of David and Mary 
(Thurston) Chadwick. She was b. in Cambridge, Vt., Nov. 
14, 1814, and d. in Montpelier, Oct. 14, 1880, where they lived with 
their daughter Mary.. He was a farmer, speculator, and keeper 
of the "Bostwick House" a short time. His farm adjoined the 
"Bostwick House" premises. He was a prominent man in the 
community, held several public offices, was assessor, bank ex- 
aminer, and with his father, and brother, Rev. Samuel Breck, 
helped to establish the Episcopal Church at the village where he 
lived, Jericho. They had two children: (a) Mary Chadwick, b. 
Sept. 2Z, 1835, d. June 28, 1914. She m. Samuel M. Walton, son of 
Gen. E. P. Walton, who was identified with his father in the 
Walton Book Bindery, and as publishers of the Vt. Register. 
Their only son is George B. Walton,- b. March 12, 1861, who m. 
Minnie, daughter of Nathan and Catherine (Manwell) Benham, 
of Jericho, Vt. 

(b) Lucius Hoyt, the son of Julius Hoyt, was b. Sept. 24, 
1837, and d. June 6, 1863, at Washington, D. C, in the 26th 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 409 

year of his age. He was commissioned in the Civil War, 
First Lieutenant of Co. F, 13th Vermont Vol. Infantry, and was 
promoted to the captaincy, Mar. 3, 1863, and resigned June 3, 
1863. The G. A. R. Post at Underhill bears his name. He was a 
student of Fort Edward Seminary, after which he taught school, 
and was associated with his father in farming and speculation. 
At the time he enlisted in the War of the Rebellion there had 
been a call made for volunteers, and he attended a public meeting 
that had been called in the interest of enlisting men, and at that 
meeting he proposed to go himself and not only refused the prof- 
fered bounty, but offered to give fifty dollars to be divided among 
the first ten that should enlist after him. He was a man of' frail 
constitution. More than twenty stepped forward and said he 
should not go — they would go in his place; but no persuasion 
could deter him from enlisting for the war. He was brave, cheer- 
ful, amiable and beloved by all, but the service was too severe 
for him and he d. June 6, 1863. His remains were brought 
home and buried in Montpelier, Vt. A cousin says of him: 
"He was surely Sans Peur et Sans Reproche — A loyal Chris- 
tain gentleman, honoring his God, true to his country, dutiful and 
faithful to his parents and friends, possessing a sound judgment 
in all affairs, yet not so grave as to make one who was younger 
afraid of him. His sense of fun and joyful disposition made him 
a companion to be chosen of all. Few yotmg men had brighter 
prospects than he, but from a clear sense of duty and feeling, and 
the actual need there seemed to be at that dark period of the 
war, he gave up all for his country, the prospects of wealth, a 
pleasant, comfortable home and the companionship of dear 
friends. It was remarkable after he signed the enlistment paper 
how rapidly others followed. In a short time the number re- 
quired for the company was filled. The men wished that he 
would be their captain, but with his usual modesty he declined 
the honor and was made first lieutenant but was shortly after- 
wards promoted to the captaincy. He went to his final roll call 
with the sincere affection of all who had known him." 

(3) Isaac Clark, b. Oct. 2, 1807, d. May 19, 1896, m. Susan 
Dixon, Jan. 5, 1832. She was the daughter of Col. Luther 
Dixon. She d. at Jericho a few years before her husband. He 
d. at St. Albans in the hospital where he went for care and treat- 



410 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

ment. There were no children. They are both buried at Mont- 
pelier, Vt. 

(4) Arthur S., b. May 17, 1810, d. Mar. 21, 1813. 

(5) Samuel Breck, b. Mar. 10, 1815, m. Harriet R. Wood, 
Oct. 12, 1841. Even in youth he was a remarkably thoughtful 
and truthful character, an obedient son, an affectionate brother 
and faithful, without guile, and with no fear but the fear of do- 
ing wrong. And such was his character in his mature and use- 
ful manhood. He fitted for college at Jericho Academy, grad- 
uating at the University of Vermont in 1835. He spent several 
years teaching in Virginia and Alabama and later in a Vermont 
Episcopal Institute. He pursued his theological studies in the 
General Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in N. Y. After his marriage he spent two years in 
Jericho, where he reorganized the Protestant Episcopal Church; 
two years in Brandon, Vt., and the rest of his life in Sandy Hill 
and Fort Edward, N. Y. He was a beloved, respected and 
fortunate Christian gentleman. His children were, viz.: Theo- 
dora Harriet, Edward Breck, Arthur Wood and Mary Elizabeth. 

(6) Sally Clark, b. Nov. 6, 1820, m. Rufus Brown Feb. 2, 
1843, who was the son of Joseph Brown, one of the boys of the 
Brown family that was captured and .taken to Canada by the 
Indians in Oct., 1780. He was b. in Jericho Nov. 2, 1814, and d. 
April 3, 1892. She d. Apr. 19, 1889. Her daily life was an in- 
spiration and a guide to all who knew her — to all who need to 
know of the victory over pain that is possible for a strong will 
and a beautiful and devoted trust in God. Their children are: 
Lucia Sarah, and Clinton Rufus. 

(7) Israel Smith, b. June 17, 1826, m. Cornelia C. Burton, 
Sept. 20, 1853, daughter of Albert Sedley and Prudence (Beards- 
ley) Burton. She was b. in St. Albans, Apr. 5, 1835. He d. Dec. 
31, in St. Albans, Vt. He was kind and loving in his home, 
strong and successful in his business and an honest merchant 
and honored citizen. His children were: viz., Arthur Burton, 
Milton Swift, and Cornelius Albert. 

(8) Carleton, b. May 28, 1820, d. Jan. 15, 1829. 

(9) Carlos, b. Mar. 29, 1830, d. aged two weeks. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 411 

* THE BRIGHAM FAMILY. 
L. F. Wilbur. 

The oldest Brigham of whom I have any information was 
Asa Brigham, who lived in Essex, Vt. He had a son by the 
name of Asa, who, with his wife, lived on Brigham Hill in Essex, 
and they had six children, viz. : Warren, Calvin, Asa, Lyman, 
Rufus, and Lavina. 

Calvin m. Hannah Baker, and had two children, Leonard, b. 
April 2, 1834, who m. Jane Kelly, of Essex, in 1857, and had three 
children, viz. : Norman, who d. in infancy ; Wert W., b. in 1865 ; 
and Warren H., b. 1869. Wert W. m. Etta Pollard, who was b. 
in 1869, and they have had four children, viz. : Iva, b. in 1891 ; 
Ila, b. 1893 ; Ralph, b. 1897 ; and Gladys who, b. in 1896, d. in in- 
fancy. 

Warren H. Brigham, the youngest son of Leonard, m. Nellie 
Perrigo in 1891 at Jericho. She was b. in 1869. They have two 
children, viz. : Leon H., b. 1898 ; and Merle K., b. in 1900. 

Leonard Brigham came to reside in Jericho in 1866, and 
located on a farm on the road leading from the Buxton Mill site 
to the northeast part of Essex, and has always been regarded 
as a good citizen. His two sons are excellent farmers. 

THE BROWN FAMILY. 
By Buel H, Day and C. H. Hayden. 

Joseph Brown and Hannah, his wife, came to what is now 
Jericho, then a wilderness portion of the New Hampshire Grants, 
from Great Barrington, Mass., having been b. in Watertown, 
Conn., in 1774. Having purchased landrights in what is now 
Stowe, they attempted to reach their property by the old Indian 
trail up the Connecticut and White rivers to the headquarters of 
the Onion (now the Winooski) River, down which they passed 
toward Lake Champlain. 

Failing to turn from the river to the north, as soon as they 
should, they found themselves on the west side of Mansfield 
Mountain instead of at their objective point on the east. 

Pleased with the delightful situation of the land (and no 
doubt far from anxious to retrace their weary march around the 



412 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

mountain), they pitched their tents on the banks of the river 
that bears their name, later purchasing the rights to the land 
thus pre-empted. 

Joseph and Hannah had four children that accompanied 
them, two m., one of whom built a cabin on what was after- 
ward the Whitcomb farm garden, and the other on the garden of 
the Kinney place. The two older children became frightened 
by the persistent rumors of Indian invasions and soon returned 
to Connecticut, and there they pass out of our reckoning. 

The other two children remaining were Charles, b. in 1761, 
and Joseph, b. in 1764. 

In 1780 the family were captured by the Indians, their 
buildings burned and their property destroyed. Taken to Canada 
the family were sold to the British, who held them prisoners until 
1783. The story of their capture, detention, and escape is told 
in the address of Buel H. Day delivered at the time of the dedi- 
cation of the Brown Marker during the Jericho celebration, the 
text of which appears elsewhere in this book. 

Previous to this captivity tradition says that the family had 
once before fallen into the hands of the Indians, but there is 
very little information that can be gathered relative thereto. 

Charles Brown, m. and lived and d. in Jericho. The name 
of his wife was Clara Lockwood. He had four sons and five 
daus. Johnson, Luther, Zina, and Josiah ; Rachel, Hannah, Electa, 
Lucretia, and Lucinda. 

Johnson, m. Miss Trail, to whom were b. Elaphus, Clara, 
Oliver, and George. Elaphus went west where he lived and d. 
Clara went west and rri. a Mr. Nichols. They had one dau. 
who m. Benjamin Copen. Oliver started west and was murdered 
supposedly for his money. George H., m. Jane M. Church, dau. 
of Ezra Church of Jericho, to whom were b. (I) Clara, who m. 
James A. Bixby. She d. in Sept. 1875 — no children. (II) Ezra, 
who m. Dora Choate d. 1903. Their children were: (1) Has- 
well; (2) Zeph, killed in Boston; (3) Ray, who m. Ora Wilder 
and they have two children, Malcolm and Marguerite; (4) Fay, 
deceased; (5) Willis, m. Anna Schillhammer to whom were b. 
two daus. ; (6) Homer ; (7) Doris, m. Warner Nichols ; and (8) 
Burton; (III) Oliver, m. Ella M. Williams, to whom were b. five 
children: Lynn, teacher in Meriden, Conn.; Park H., m. May 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 413 

Montague, member of the firm of Brown & Nay; Rolla M., 
Bailey, and Phyllis, a student of elocution in Boston. Oliver, m. 
a second time, Mrs. Sadie Ransom Packard. (IV) Burke G., 
m. Elizabeth Flowers of Jericho, Mar. 7, 1880, just one hundred 
years after Joseph and Hannah were captured by the Indians. 
To them were b. four children : ( 1 ) Clara A., who m. Carlton E. 
Nay of the firm of Brown & Nay, to whom were b. two children, 
Russell and Lucile; (2) Arthur, who m. Eva Lowrey, to whom 
were b. three children, Robert, Harry, and Jane; (3) Sybil M., 
m. E. Wright Fay of Jericho — two children, Herbert and Eliza- 
beth ; (4) Frank B., m. Hazel Hoskins. 

Luther, second son of Charles, m. Patty Martin, to whom 
were b. three children, Adelia, m. Parker Carlton — to whom were 
b. two children, Lewis and Edwin; Samuel, m. Miss Carlton 
— one son Ernest, Lucinda d. unm. Luther, m. a second time, 
Olive Stowe and they had one dau., Olive, who m. Arthur Castle, 
to whom were b. twins, Frank and Nellie. Frank, m. Clara E. 
Willard to whom were b. two sons, Willard and Robert. Nellie 
L., m. Dr. G. Willis Bass, and they have one son, Frank, and 
i.'ve in Minneapolis, Minn. 

Zina, third son of Charles, Methodist minister at Williston 
at one time, m. Abigail Bourn. There were four children, 
Charles, John, Lyman K. and Oliver. Charles, m. Betsey Terrill, 
to whom were b. two children, Nellie and Frank, all deceased. 
John, the second son of Zina, m. Harriet Wires to whom were 
b. three sons, Fred, and Willis of Boston, and Walter S. of 
Underbill. Lyman K. and Oliver went West, of whom little is 
known. 

Josiah, fourth son of Charles, m. Mary Chase of Underbill, 
to whom were b. four children, twins — Mary and Martha, Luther 
and Sarah, all dead. 

Of the five daus. of Charles, the eldest, Rachel, m. Edward 
Day — ^no children. Hannah m. John Ripley, to whom were b. 
five children, Charles, Julia who m. late in life, three children — 
Mary, Lucretia, and William. Electa dau. of Charles, m. Mr. 
Hayward; 2nd, m. Mr. Bowman — two daus. Lucretia, dau. of 
Charles, m. Jonathan Lee, five children (see Lee genealogy). 
Lucinda, youngest dau. of Charles, m. Reuben Lee, who had four 



414 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

children : Sanford, Clara, Lucinda, and Henry. (See Lee gene- 
alogy). 

Joseph Brown, b. Nov. 10, 1763 at Watertown, Conn., d. May 
30, 1837 ; m. Elizabeth Dailey, b. Jan. 30, 1773 at Fletcher, Mar. 
18, 1788. To them were b.: (1) David, b. May 4, 1792, an 
artist, living in New York City who m. Caroline D. Wells in St. 
Paul's church at Troy, Dec. 24, 1823 ; (2) Truman, b. Oct. 11, 
1795, d. at Wilmington Square, Canada West, Apr. 10, 1854, m. 
Maria Hutchinson at Jericho, Apr., 1819; (3) Joseph, b. Oct. 
9, 1797, m. Lucy Martin at Underbill, Dec. 1, 1825, to whom was 
b. Henry who owns and lives on the same farm in Jericho oc- 
cupied by his parents. Henry M. Brown was b. in Jericiio, Vt., 
Sept. 10, 1841, is the only child and has lived in Jericho all his 
life. He m. Emma E. Hicks at Underbill,, Vt., Aug. 1. 1883. 
She d. Apr. 9, 1892. Two children were b. to them, Ella Medora, 
b. July 10, 1885, m. Oscar H. Haylette, Sept. 6, 1911 and they 
have one child James Douglass, b. Sept. 24, 1912; Emma May 
was b. Mar. 29, 1892, m. Howard M. Haylette, Nov. 29, 1911— 
one child, Herbert Alton. 

(Editor's Note) Mr. Henry M. Brown's mother was a 
granddaughter of Mr. Olds, the tailor, who escaped capture when 
the Browns were taken by Indians. 

Mr. Olds because of his short stature was never accepted as 
a soldier in the army, but he had brothers who were commissioned 
officers and members at one time of Geo. Washington's staff. 

Mr. Olds was buried at North Underbill, Vt. 

(4) Triphena, b. Apr. 15, 1799, m. Lucius Barney, Sept. 21, 
1819, at Jericho (see Barney Family). 

(5) Bela, b. Nov. 16, 1801, d. Sept. 27, 1850, m. Harriet 
Maynard at Underbill, June 4, 1823, who d. at Pittston, N. Y., 
Sept. 8, 1872, m. (2) Sarah L. Bicknell at Morehouseville, Hamil- 
ton Co., N. Y., Jan. 3, 1834, and Rufus , b. Dec. 27, 1805, 

d. June 9, 1807. 

Joseph m. (2) Polly Cady at Jericho, July 10, 1808. Their 
children were: (1) Elizabeth, b. Feb. 10, 1809, d. Mar. 29, 1856, 
m. Hiram B. Day at Jericho, Sept. 18, 1834 (see Day Family) ; 
(2) Lovisa, b. Aug. 14, 1811, d. Oct. 19, 1882; (3) Rufus, b. Nov. 
2, 1814, d. Apr. 3, 1892, m. Sally C. Bostwick (see Bostwick 
Family) ; (4) Polly, b. Oct. 11, 1818, d. June 6, 1880, m. Hiram 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 415 

B. Day at Jericho, June 11, 1857 (see Day Family) ; (5) and 
Lucius, b. Oct. 13, 1824, m. Rosamond C. Carlton at Cambridge, 
June 11, 1846, who d. at Jericho, Mar. 24, 1847, was lost at 
Niagara Falls, July 21, 1854. Lucius was on his way home from 
Cincinnati and registered at a hotel at the Falls. Nothing 
further was ever known of his movements and it is supposed 
that he was murdered for valuables then in his possession. 

Polly Cady, the second wife of Joseph, was b. at Bennington, 
Aug. 27, 1784 and d. Oct. 5, 1861. 

The first Joseph Brown had other children besides Charles 
and Joseph, Jr., whose families we have traced as best we could — 
Nathaniel, Mrs. Colerain, and Timothy. Little is known of 
Nathaniel and Mrs. Colerain who lived in Connecticut. Timothy 
and his family, however, lived in Jericho a short time on the first 
rise of ground from E. G. Irish's going towards E. D. Herrick's. 
He was a shoemaker, and not liking farming he soon sold out and 
moved away, possibly to Maine or New Brunswick. 

The editors would add the following inscriptions from tomb- 
stones, which may aid the reader in determining dates, etc. : 
Joseph Brown, Sr., d. Dec. 1, 1801, age 85 years; Hannah Brown, 
d. Jan. 1, 1806, age 78 years; Charles Brown, d. Mar. 26, 1826, 
age 65 years ; Clara Brown, d. Apr. 22, 1833, age 60 years ; Joseph 
Brown, Jr., d. May 30, 1837, age 73 years. 

THE RUFUS BROWN FAMILY. 
By Lucia S. Hadley. 

Rufus Brown, son of Joseph Brown, one of the family taken 
captive by the Indians in one of the first raids into Northern 
Vermont, was b. in Jericho, Nov. 2, 1814, and d. April 3, 1892. 
He m. Sally Clark Bostwick, Feb. 2, 1843. 

Their children were, viz.: (1) Lucia Sarah, b. , m. 

Frederick Hadley, Sept. 4, 1877. Their children were: Sarah 
Cornelia, who d. in 1879 ; Frederick Brown, who is a professor in 
the University of Wisconsin ; Lucia Helen, who m. John S. Bone, 
of Boltonville, Vt. ; Susan Bostwick, who m. Charles H. Wheeler, 
M. D., of Haydenville, Mass. ; Arthur Clinton, d., and Mary Edith, 
who m. Julian S. Jacobs, of Springfield, Vt. 



416 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

(2) Clinton Rufus, b. , who m. Lilla Scott, of Cam- 
bridge, Vt. They have one son, Clark Scott. 

Rufus Brown and. Sally Clark Bostwick were m. in the 
Bostwick House, the home of the original Bostwick family 
that settled in Jericho in the early days of its history. This 
house was the Tavern, as it was called, in the old fashioned 
phraseology of the times. It was occupied and kept for many 
years by Arthur Bostwick. He was a man of affairs conduct- 
ing many kinds of business and a genial landlord, ably assisted 
by his cultivated and dignified wife. This tavern was on the 
direct route from Canada to Burlington and Lake Champlain, 
and south to Troy, N. Y., and points beyond, and was much 
frequented by teamsters. They travelled up and down with their 
big covered wagons drawn by four, six or more horses, coming 
in at dark, and out again as early as three or four o'clock in the 
morning. They loaded both ways, for there was scarcely any 
money used in business — all trade being conducted by barter con- 
sisting of grain, pork, lumber, furs, dry goods, etc. Later the 
hotel became the property of Rufus Brown, who kept it for sev- 
eral years, repairing it and enlarging it from time to time. His 
sign was "The Bostwick House, Rufus Brown," and it was known 
to a younger generation as "Dixon's". In those days the travel 
to Mansfield Mountain began, and it was a great resort for city 
boarders. The Hotel was burned to the ground about 1892. 

BRUCE FAMILY. 

By C. H. Hayden. 

Thomas Henry Bruce, son of Henry and Martha Mathews 
Bruce, was b. Apr. 3, 1867. He m. Carrie Amanda Miles, dau. 
of Williajm and Jane Miles at Williston, Vt., Oct. 9, 1884. Two 
children have been b. to them : 

(1) Irene Amanda, b. April 2, 1895. 

(2) Seth Thomas, b. Dec. 9, 1897. 

Mr. Bruce moved to Jericho in 1905. At present Mr. and 
Mrs. Bruce are managers of the Riverside Inn, Mr. Bruce having 
an auto livery in connection. Both are deservedly popular with 
the traveling public. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 417 

THE BULLOCK FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

Prentiss L. Bullock was b. in Clarenceville, Canada, in 1835 
and m. Catherine Kelley in 1855. They had 5 children who came 
to adult age. 

1. Sophia, b. in Canada in 1858. She m. Wilson Curtis. 
(See Curtis Family). 

2. Louise, b. in Canada in 1860; m. Byron Phelps. She 
d. 1904. 

3. Edith, b. in Williston in 1866 ; m. Will Buxton of Jericho. 
Four children: Leon, Ruth, Elby and Vernon. Leon m. Lucy 
Cayo. They live in Burlington and have two children. 

4. Martha A., b. in Canada in 1869." She m. William Mc- 
Kannon of Burlington ; to them were b. three children. 

5. Marlin A., b. in Canada in 1869. He m. Cora Buxton 
in 1893 (see Buxton Family), and they have six children: Earl, 
b. in Burlington in 1894 ; Bernice, b. 1897 ; Doris, b. 1901 ; Inez, 
b. 1907; Ethel, b. 1909; Pearl, b. 1913. 

Marlin resides on the farm recently purchased from Seth M. 
Packard. 

Prentiss was a Union soldier in the war of 1861. He en- 
listed at Williston, Dec. 17, 1863, in Co. D, 8th Vt. Vols., and 
served till discharged, July 5, 1865. He has since lived in 
Jericho. His wife d. in 1910. 

THE DR. A. F. BURDICK FAMILY. 

By A. F. Burdick; 

The subject of this sketch, who has passed the greater part 
of his life in Jericho, was b. in Underbill, Oct. 26, 1828. 
Timothy Burdick, his father, was b. in Rhode Island and, when 
a child, his family came to Vermont and settled in the town of 
Westford. Although quite young for military service, he enlisted 
in 1812 and served throughout the war of that period with Eng- 
land, and continued in the service until sometime after peace was 
declared in 1814. He was in five severe battles including those 
of Lundy's Lane and Fort Erie. After his discharge from the 
army, he settled in Underbill and m. Sylvia Lewis, the oldest 



418 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

daughter of David Lewis. David Lewis with a family of 
six children came from Grafton, N. Y., and settled in Underhill, 
in the locality known as Pleasant Valley near the Cambridge line. 
Sylvia, the wife of Timothy Burdick and the mother of Arthur 
F. Burdick, was b. in Grafton, N. Y., in 1802. She was named 
after her grandmother, Sylvia Allen, a sister of Ethan Allen of 
historic fame. Four children were b. to Timothy Burdick 
and wife, two of whom died in infancy. The older child, Louisa 
C. Burdick, m. Almon Chadwick who d. in 1896. After his 
decease Mrs. Chadwick lived a greater part of the time with her 
brother until her death which occurred in 1906. Dr. Burdick's 
mother d. in the town of Westford when he was six years of 
age. 

Timothy Burdick, -after a few years m. Polly Packard, of 
Underhill, to whom were b. three children, two daughters liv- 
ing to adult life, one child having d. when an infant. Hester, 
the eldest daughter by this marriage, m. Thomas Richardson 
and Vestura, the younger, m. Stillman A. Davison. All of these 
passed away several years ago, Arthur being now the only surviv- 
ing member of the family. 

Arthur lived at home on the farm until sixteen years of age. 
He then became an apprentice to one Luther Macomber, a carpen- 
ter in Jericho, who lived in a house now standing at the lower end 
of the village of Underhill Flatts now known as Riverside. After 
serving three years with Mr. Macomber he then became his part- 
ner during the year 1849, and continued that relationship during 
the spring and summer. 

Gold having been discovered in California in 1848, there was 
much excitement attending it while many rushed by sea and 
land to the newly found fields. Arthur Burdick had a severe 
attack of "gold fever" then epidemically raging and would not 
be dispossessed of the idea that he, too, ought to seek his for- 
tune there. We append the story of his experiences in his own 
words : — 

"One Saturday night in September, 1849, after finishing work 
I picked up my tools and told my partner, Mr. Macomber, that 
our co-partnership was ended. He expressed some surprise 
when I told him I had decided to go to California. We were then 
building a house for Eliflet Balch in Jericho. Mr. Balch paid 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 419 

me for my share of the job and I gathered what money I had 
saved during the spring and summer. The sum was not large, not 
much over one hundred dollars. I asked my father to sign a 
note with me to Deacon Truman Galusha, of Jericho, for two 
hundred dollars. I knew Galusha would let me have the money, 
for I had gotten into his good graces while building a house for 
him and his son, RoUin Galusha, the previous summer. Father 
said, 'Yes, I will do it, for it is probably the last thing I can ever 
do for you.' We obtained the money. I packed my grip, and 
with the old white mare, which had been so associated with my 
farm life, father drove me to Burlington where I bade him good 
bye. 

"The Rutland railroad had just been completed into BurHng- 
ton, at which place I took the train. The depot at Burlington was 
a rough board shanty and the one at Rutland was its counter- 
part. We arrived in Rutland about noon and had dinner at a 
large old fashioned tavern. Rutland was then a very small place, 
there being only ten or a dozen houses in sight. The railroad was 
not completed over Mt. Holly, so we were transported in two 
horse wagons to Ludlow, where we again took a train for Bos- 
ton. We landed there in the night. In Boston I fell in with a 
company of men from Burlington, among whom were Sullivan 
Adams, Lewis FoUett, Julius Bliss and several others whose 
names I do not now remember. I was a little acquainted with 
Sullivan, having heard him lecture on temperance and school 
matters. These men had engaged passage to San Francisco on 
the new clipper ship Reindeer, owned by Sampson and Tappan 
and commanded by a Captain Lord, a sea faring man, who 
had doubled Cape Horn fourteen times. Of course I wanted to 
go with them, but having bought a few carpenter tools I hadn't 
money enough to pay my passage. Mr. Adams offered to see 
what he could do for me, but being somewhat independent I pur- 
posed to look out for myself. I went to Sampson and Tappan's 
office and stated my case. They asked me where I was from and 
where I proposed to go. I told them from Vermont and was 
going to California. 'Are you sure?' they asked, to which I re- 
plied in the affirmative, for if they would not take me I knew 
another ship that would. They were quite social and one of 
them asked me how much money I had. I told them. They 



420 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

had a conference together and then informed me I could go on 
their ship, but as I would need a little money they would not take 
all I had. I thanked them and went back to my hotel feeling 
that this world was not so bad as some would have us believe. 

"After waiting about ten days for the ship to be put in 
readiness for sea, one pleasant afternoon two hundred and twelve 
of us, including the crew, went on board and our long journey 
began. We were all having a jolly time, but when the sails were 
spread and the wind increased a change came over that happy 
party. We had eaten a little supper, but it would not stay down, 
as full one half of the men were awfully sick. I was so sick I 
retained but little food for three weeks, but after that time was 
well the remainder of the voyage. We had a rather monotonous 
time. Our recreation was wrestling, boxing, fencing and playing 
games, though varied somewhat with quarrels over our board. 
The ship owners did not furnish the food agreed upon, which 
fact caused discord and furnished subject matter for discussion 
during the one hundred and twenty-nine days we were at sea. 
Nothing of importance occurred while we were in the Atlantic. 
We expected to find it summer weather off Cape Horn, as we 
were expecting to double the Cape during the southern summer, 
but when we arrived there it was decidedly wintry with all its dis- 
agreeable features. After getting fairly into the Pacific we had 
fine weather during the remainder of the voyage up the coast. 
There was only one incident which caused much excitement when 
we were about half way up from the Cape. Early one morning 
we had a terrific thunder storm. Lightning struck the mainmast 
and ran down the main chains into the ship's hold, injuring the 
vessel considerably. As soon as the accident occurred the first' 
mate ordered the pumps manned and in a few minutes several 
large streams of water were pouring over the ship's sides. Capt. 
Lord came on deck half clad and learning of the amount of water 
in the ship's hold caused us to be frightened by his manner and 
expression of countenance. I was near him, but on learning from 
the mate that he had omitted to pump the ship the previous day he 
could easily account for the unusual amount of water. The pumps 
soon cleared the ship, after which we enjoyed our breakfast. 

We put into port at Valparaiso, Chile, in the month of Janu- 
ary and stayed five or six days. We took on fresh water and 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 421 

provisions among which were plenty of melons and other fruits. 
It seemed to be their harvest time. 

I shall never forget passing through the Golden Gate. The 
tide was running in at the time and we floated with it as though 
borne on by a mighty river. We anchored quite a little distance 
off shore in front of San Francisco, which was then a small vil- 
lage with few buildings, but several tents. The number of sea 
fowl surprised us. The flocks were so large that they darkened 
the air as clouds when they flew about. We were taken ashore 
in small boats, there being no wharves then of any size. I landed 
in San Francisco without a dollar and staid there two or three 
weeks. I soon obtained some money. While there about two- 
thirds of the city was destroyed by fire. The buildings being of 
cheap frame work, covered by canvas, were of such an inflamma- 
ble character that they were soon destroyed. I found the place 
a disagreeable one to work in. The strong trade winds which 
freshened every afternoon filled the air with ashes and dirt much 
to our discomfort. 

After leaving San Francisco I went to Jamestown, where 1 
staid a short time with a friend, and from there to Sonora, a 
place about eighty miles from Stockton, where I remained until 
I came home. Sonora was one of the richest gold mining points 
in the state, and to this day, while little placer mining is done, 
gold is being obtained from the underlying quartz. Mexicans 
from the state of Sonora in Mexico were the first to dig gold there, 
but the Americans soon found it. When I reached the place there 
were no wooden buildings, only tents and brush shanties, some 
being covered with raw hides. I was the boss carpenter of the 
place and built the first wooden building erected there. My 
business was general carpenter work, building houses, gold wash- 
ers, long toms, sluices and pumps for the miners, also tables and 
benches for hotels and restaurants. I also built the first steam 
mill that was erected in that part of the state. 

My old friend and former partner, Luther Macomber of 
Jericho, came on later and we became business associates again 
and continued together about fourteen months. We saved some 
money. I think I saved more while he was with me than before. 

I was in California during the exciting times of the "Vigil- 
ance Committee." If I should write of all the thrilling and ex- 
28 



422 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

citing scenes through which I passed and which I witnessed dur- 
ing my three years' sojourn there, it would fill a large volume. 

I returned to Vermont in the spring of 1852. I brought 
home money enough to pay the expenses of my education and 
had some to loan to the farmers of Underhill and Jericho. I at- 
tended school at Green Mountain Academy, Underhill Center, 
which was then taught by Prof. J. S. Cilley, one of the most 
successful teachers of Vermont. I was a student there for three 
years, following which I began the study of medicine with Prof. 
Samuel W. Thayer of Burlington. For three more years I 
studied with him and attended three public courses of medical 
lectures, graduating from the medical department of the Univer- 
sity of Vermont in June, 1858. 1 immediately began the practice of 
medicine in Underhill, but the following October desiring to 
avail myself of better medical facilities and thereby better my 
own proficiency, I went to New York and attended a full course of 
lectures in the College of Physicians and Surgeons, from which I 
received a diploma in March, 1859. I also received an honorary 
diploma from Bellevue at the same time. I resumed my practice 
in Underhill Flatts the following July where I purchased a place. 
I afterwards bought the home where I have resided for nearly 
fifty years. I practiced my profession in Underhill, Jericho and 
surrounding towns until failing health compelled me to relin- 
quish active work, and for nearly twenty years I have done little 
except office work. I enlisted in the U. S. service during the 
War of the Rebellion as a surgeon in the 5th Vermont Volunteer 
Infantry, and was one of the operating surgeons at the battles of 
Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. I resigned my commission 
and came home a short time before the battle of Gettysburg on 
account of the failing health of my wife who d. in October, 1863." 

Dr. Burdick was twice m., his first wife being Miss Mary 
Woodworth, daughter of Rev. Rapha Woodworth of Underhill 
Center, to whom he was united in May, 1855. One child was b'. 
to them who is now Mrs. Medora B. Schweig. In 1867 the doc- 
tor m. Mary C. Church, daughter of Deacon Ziba W. Church 
of Underhill, with whom he lived for forty-two years. She d. 
in October, 1909. Mrs. Schweig and daughter, Madeline B. 
Schweig, are the only surviving members of his immediate family, 
both of whom reside with him. 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 423 

The doctor's devotion to his profession gave him very little 
time for other matters, he having given his whole attention to 
study and practice. He has taken little interest in politics, although 
kept well informed and conversant with timely local, state and 
national affairs. He early became a Mason, having joined Mc- 
Donough Lodge, No. 26, F. & A. M. in 1858, and is now the 
oldest living member of that lodge. He has also been a member 
of L. H. Bostwick Post, No. 69 since its organization in 1883. The 
old doctor takes this opportunity to thank the people of Jericho, 
Underbill and vicinity for their kindness and patronage, which 
with his close attention to business and economic habits have 
enabled him to spend his declining days in comfort and content- 
ment. 

It has been the privilege of the writer to be intimately asso- 
ciated with Dr. Burdick for more than forty years. His modesty 
and reserve in the recital of the various incidents of his career 
forbade mention of essential facts which should find place in 
one's life history. 

Favorable conditions and circumstances have placed the doc- 
tor in a position which has enabled him to assist those who needed 
financial aid and who have found in him a willing helpmeet. 
While his business sagacity taught him to be careful and conserva- 
tive in all his transactions, yet no worthy person whose needs were 
evident went out from his presence without encouragement and 
few without substantial assistance. Those who have known him 
best have knowledge of that sympathetic element in his char- 
acter which has been evidenced in his professional life. I have 
silent knowledge of his magnanimity and charity. His quiet, 
unostentatious contributions to worthy people and worthy objects 
have been from choice and have sought no recompense, but have 
met that experience which proves the truth of the adage that 
"it is more blessed to give than to receive." 

A Merry Christmas has come to deserving recipients who 
remain ignorant of the source of the timely remembrance. His 
unstinted contributions to the needs of his own kith and kin have 
found a parallel alike to those whose association in less fortu- 
nate days had been a pleasant memory, and whose needs in their 
decline appealed to his generous nature. 



424 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

The old friend and partner of his youth had substantial evi- 
dence of his interest and remembrance. 

After the decease of his second wife he assumed a charge 
who had been the object of her solicitous care, and carried cheer 
to her by frequent letter and contribution during a lingering ill- 
ness and until death brought release to her. 

His interest in the welfare of the churches of Underbill has 

* 

been manifested by a permanent gift to each, from which income 
may be derived for the maintenance of preaching in after years 
when his annual contribution shall have ceased. Surely no more 
fitting memorial could have been instituted and it will ever be a 
constant reminder of his devotion to the church and the cause he 
loved. 

THE BUXTON FAMILY. 

By W. E. Buxton and L. F. Wilbur. 

Benajah Case Buxton came to the town of Jericho in 1837. 
He m. Elizabeth E. Phillips. They had nine children, viz.: 
Zilpha, Daniel, Eunice M., Thomas H., Lydia A., George C, 
Henry H., Benajah C, and Franklin. 

(1) Zilpha m. David Bigelow and had two children. 

(2) Daniel m. Eliza Bigelow and had three children. 

(3) Eunice M., b. in 1839, d. in 1902; m. David Mclntire, 
and had no children. 

(4) Thomas H. d. in 1893 at the age of 52 years. He m. 
Mary Jane, the dau. of John and Sarah Demag of Essex, Vt. John 
d. in Essex, about 1872, 66 years of age, and his wife Sarah d. in 
1884. Sarah, the mother of Mary Jane, was Sarah McKinley, b. 
in Ireland and was aunt of President William McKinley. Thomas 
H, and Mary Jane Buxton had six children, viz. : Willie M., Fred 
W., Warren E., Perley C, who d. in 1874, Clififord C, and Cora 
B. Willie, b. in 1863, m. Edith M. Bullock, has four children and 
lives in Burlington, Vt. Fred W., b. in 1868, m. Edna Foster 
and has six children, viz. : Mildred, Clayton, Donald, Raymond, 
Delbert and Helen. Warren E., m. Hattie A. Wood. They have 
one child, Florence. Clifford, b. in 1874, m. Ella Buzzell and 
they have three children : Ralph C, Mabel and Maurice. Mabel 
is dead. Cora B., b. in 1874, m. Marlin A. Bullock of Jericho and 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 425 

now lives on the old Seth M. Packard farm. They have six 
children, viz. : Earl, Bemice, Doris, Inez, Ethel and Pearl. 

(5) Lydia A. m. Nelson A. Prior and they had two chil- 
dren, Willie E. and Jed W., both living in Burlington. Willie 
E. m. Delia Church and they have two children. Jed W. m. 
Carrie Hanley and they have three children. 

(6) George C. m. Mattie Conklin and they have two chil- 
dren: Rose, and George D., who is a physician. (See Physicians). 
The father, George C, is dead. 

(7) Henry M., b. in 1847, m. Almira Rood in 1875. She 
was b. in 1854 and d. in 1882. They had two children, Laura 
and Almira. Henry M. m. Ida Slater. Henry M. d. in 1886. 

(8) Benajah C. m. Alice Garrison. They have one child 
and live in Bellows Falls. 

(9) Franklin P. m. Nancy Ferguson in 1873. They had 
one child, Arthur, that d. in 1878 when three years of age. They 
live in Berlin, Mass. 

When Benajah C. Buxton, Sr., came to town in 1837, he pur- 
chased of Peter L. Allen, by deed bearing date Sept. 1, 1837, the 
mill site with a saw mill thereon, located on the south bank of 
Brown's river just above the iron bridge, which site has ever 
since been known as the "Benajah C. Buxton Mill Site." He 
added to that purchase lands and rights by deeds from Charles 
Howe and Elijah B. Reed. Benajah C. Buxton ran the mill for 
the manufacture of large quantities of lumber from logs for 
thirty-six years, then selling out in 1873 to John Early and James 
Gribbin, who built and ran a grist mill in connection with 
the saw mill for several years. After the sale of his mill he pur- 
chased and lived on the farm now owned by William Schillham- 

mer. He d. . Benajah C. and Elizabeth E. Buxton 

were zealous members of the Baptist Church. 

THE BYINGTON FAMILY. 

By Albert P. Byington. 

The late Deacon W. I. Byington, who d. February 22, 1914, 
was b. in Hinesburg^ Vt., June 12, 1834. He was a son of Hon. 
Stephen and Sarah (Hoyt) Byington, and until about 1872 re- 
sided at his father's old homestead. 



426 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VEIRMONT. 

W. I. Byington m. Jane Phelps, Willsboro, N. Y., Nov. 20, 
1862, and in 1912 they celebrated their golden wedding anniver- 
sary. To them were b. Sarah Hoyt, who d. in 1901, the wife of 
E. W. Young, of West Rutland, Vt.; and Albert Phelps, with 
whom they resided at the time of his death. 

From the time he moved to town in 1873, with the exception 
of sixteen years when he was colporteur for the Vermont Bible 
Society, he followed his occupation as farmer. He was active in 
the reorganization and support of the Second Congregational 
Church at Jericho Corners, and was chosen to the position of first 
deacon, which he held until his death. He was made Deacon 
Emeritus in 1907. 

He is survived by his widow, his son Albert P., and a brother, 
Rev. Geo. P. Byington, of Ballardville, Mass. Albert P., was b. 
July 31, 1876; m. Lucy Church 1906. They have one child, 
Merrill C. Albert P. is a farmer and owns a farm on the river. 

THE CARROLL FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

Philip Carroll and his first wife were b. in County Wicklow, 
Ireland, and had one boy that d. in Canada when they were on 
their way from Ireland to Vermont. Philip Carroll m. 2 Mary 
Cavanaugh in County Wicklow. They had six children, four 
boys and two girls. This family, when they came to Vermont, 
first located at Williston, but in a few years removed to Jericho 
and lived on the Jericho Plains. 

(1) James was b. 1843 and d. in 1914. He m. Margaret 
Reddy, Jan. 4, 1884, and they had one child, Mary Elizabeth, who 
is a school teacher. 

(2) Catherine, b. about 1845, m. Edward Perry in Bur- 
lington and d. about 1910. They had no children. 

(3) Faley, b. about 1847, lives in California. 

(4) Michael, b. about 1849, m. Jennie O'Donald about 1887, 
and lives in California. Have no children. 

The above named four children were b. in Ireland. 

(5) John, b. in Williston, Vt., about 1850, m. Anna Bulger 
in Jericho and had eleven children, viz. : Charles, d. when three 
years of age; James, m. and lives in New York, has one child; 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 427 

John P., b. in 1881, unm. Mary m. Edwin Marcia; (she d. in 
1909. They had four children) ; Elizabeth m. Harty Hanley. (She 
d. in 1908. They had eight children) ; Grace, m. Lewis. La Bell 
(they had no children) ; Julia, Laura, Alice, Irene and Susan 
who are not m. . 

(6) Margaret, the sixth child of Philip and Mary, m. 
Michael Bulger in 1881. He d. in 1909. They had two children : 
Frank and Charles. 

Philip and Mary Carroll were honest, hard working and 
industrious people. 

THE CASTLE FAMILY. 
By F. A. Castle. 

Henry Castle, the emigrant ancestor of the Castle family 
in Jericho, came from England in 1635, at 22 years of age, and 
d. in Woodbury, Conn., Feb. 2, 1697-8. 

David Castle, great-grandson of Henry, b. 1725, in Wood- 
bury, and m. there, 1747. He came to the "Grants" previous to 
the Revolution and settled in Pawlet, where he was moderator 
of the first town meeting, called to organize the town govern- 
ment, and in 1776 was first selectman. Toward the close of life 
he came to Jericho and lived at the head of "Church Street," and 
nearly opposite to his son, Jonathan, where he d. in 1823. He 
m. Phebe Sanford in Roxbury, Conn., in 1747. She d. in 1820. 
Headstones were set at their graves in the cemetery near by in 
1892 by their great-great-grandson, F. A. Castle. Children : Abel, 
b. 1749; Jonathan, b. 1751; Lewis, b. 1754; David, Jr., b. 1758; 
Nathan, b. 1761 ; Pattie, b. 1763 ( ?) ; Phebe, b. 1768 ( ?). 

Abel Castle came to Jericho in 1784 or 1785. He was the 
original settler on lots No. 61 and 64, 100 acres each, which he 
purchased of Ira Allen for 120 pounds. His cabin stood a little 
northwest of the Episcopal Church and near a spring of good 
water in the bank. His family consisted of his wife:, Dezier 
(dau. of Abel Hawley), and their three children, viz.: Delle Es- 
ther (nicknamed Polly), Marshall, and Abel, Jr., all b. in Paw- 
let, where they had resided several years. He had a pair of oxen 
and one cow, and these he wintered, at least two winters, on the 
Indian flats or intervales below Winooski ; they lived in the open 



428 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

air and yarded like deer. It was six miles from his cabin to the 
nearest grindstone, and at Colchester Falls was the nearest mill. 
Dezier, his wife, d. Oct. 1, 1786. (First death in Jericho). 

Having sold out to Nathaniel Bostwick, he purchased July 
9, 1788, of Joel Woodworth for "seventy pounds, lawful money" 
* * * "one hundred acres of land known by the number of 
forty in the great body of lots in the town of Essex," and removed 
there soon after. In Pawlet he belonged to the military company 
commanded by Capt. John Stark in 1780, and was also one of Col. 
Herricks' "Rangers"; in 1775 and 1776 was one of the "Com- 
mittee of Safety." He held office repeatedly in Jericho and Essex, 
being representative from Essex in 1797, d. 1843. 

Joel Castle, son of Abel, was b. Jan. 2, 1790; he m. Aurelia, 
dau. of Roger and Eunice (Bostwick) Lane, and came to Jericho 
in 1820. Children: 

Arthur L., b. 1812, d. Jericho, 1892. 

Osman R., b. 1814, d. Middlebury, 1838. 

Samuel C, b. 1818, d. Hinesburg, 1894. 

Eunice, b. 1820, d. Jericho, 1870. 

Mary, b. 1823, d. California, 1913. 

Laura A., b. 1823, d. Illinois, 1902. 

Cheney M., b. 1829, d. Minnesota, 1909. 

In Essex he united with the Baptist Church, 1816, and was 
church clerk, 1817. In Jericho he was frequently in town office, 
a deacon in the Baptist Church, as well as clerk and chorister. 
In 1822 was commissioned Captain of the First Company of Light 
Infantry in the Third Regiment, Second Brigade and Third Divi- 
sion of State militia, he having previously served as lieutenant in 
the second company of same regiment. He d. Sept. 27, 1840, in 
Jericho. Mrs. Castle d. Apr. 9, 1858, in Louisville, Ky., while 
visiting her dau., Eunice, who was a school teacher there many 
years before becoming the wife of Dea. Elijah B. Reed of 
Jericho. 

Arthur L. Castle, son of Captain Joel and Aurelia (Lane) 
Castle, was b. in Essex, Vt., Dec. 14, 1812, and d. in Jericho, Apr. 
15, 1892. He m. 1 Jan. 1, 1838, Laura G. Reed, b. Dec. 24, 
1813, and d. Feb. 5, 1852; dau. of Lyman and Parthenia (Gal- 
usha) Reed; m. 2 July 1, 1852, Helen L. Brown, b. Feb. 8, 
1830, and d. Dec. 7, 1854, dau. of Bela and Harriet (Maynard) 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 429 

Brown; m. 3 Apr. 29, 1855, Olive Brown, b. Jan. 6, 1829, and 
d. Sept. 10, 1891 ; dau. of Luther and Olive (Stow) Brown. 
Their only children were twins, viz. : Frank A. Castle, b. June 5, 
1860 ; m. Dec. 2, 1896, Clara E. Willard, b. May 29, 1868 ; dau. of 
Martin V. and Ellen I. (Packard) Willard. Children b. in Med- 
ford, Mass., Willard M. Castle, b. Mar. 11, 1900. Robert W. 
Castle, b. July 6, 1903. Nellie L. Castle, dau. of Arthur L. and 
Olive (Brown) Castle, b. June 5, 1860, m. Oct. 4, 1887. G. Willis 
Bass, M. D., son of Dea. Josiah and Mary (Whitcomb) Bass. 
Children : Frank C. Bass, b. in Minneapolis, Minn., Nov. 4, 1888. 
Jonathan Castle, son of David and Phebe (Sanford) Castle, 
b. Roxbury, Conn., 1751 ; came to Pawlet about 1775, and settled 
in Jericho in 1784. He m. Charity French, Feb. 13, 1787, and 
they were original settlers on lot No. 36, at the head of "Church 
Street" and kept tavern there, where the brick house built by 
Lucius Barney now stands. They had no children. He d. 1830. 
He was Town Clerk in 1788. 

THE CHAMBERS FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

John Chambers was b. in 1793, d. 1876. He m. Delana 
Bartlett and lived at Jericho Center. She was b. in 1788 and d. 
in 1858. They had four children: Jane, Guy, Hoyt (b. 1828, 
d. 1912) and Bertha E., who d. 1863 in infancy. John m. 2 
Marietta Linsley, b. 1828, d. 1894. After the death of John in 
1876, Marietta m. 2 Henry L. Smith, b. 1820, d. 1901. John 
Chambers by his second wife had a son, Frank, who lives in 
Underbill, and a daughter, Cassandra, who m. Dr. W. M. Brad- 
ford, and has two children, viz. : Lillian and Dana. Cassandra 
m. 2 Frank B. Howe of Jericho, and they now live in Montana. 

THE CHAPIN FAMILY. 

By Mrs. Cora Smith and L. F. Wilbur. 

Lewis Chapin, son of Benoni and Esther, b. Sept., 1755, m. 
Esther Richardson of Manchester, Vt., Jan., 1788. He learned 
the shoemaker's trade at Springfield, Mass., and worked at it 
some years in Lanesboro. In 1786, with his brother Ichabod, he 



430 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

purchased a wild tract of land in Jericho, just south of Jericho 
Center, which he cleared and improved and on which he lived 
until his death in 1828. Elected the first town clerk of the town 
he held that office for 18 years. He gave land to the town for a 
public green and cemetery, and assisted in forming the Congre- 
gational Church at the Center, of which he was an active, con- 
sistent member through life. The farmhouse now standing was 
built by him in 1797, and church services were held in the kitchen 
(which then extended the whole length of the house) before the 
church was built. His children were : 

(1) Hitty, b. 1788, m. Rev. Moses Parmalee of Pittsford, 
Vt., in 1814. They had four children. 

(2) Laura, b. 1791, m. Dea. Isaac Higby of Shelburne, 
Vt., and d. 1815, leaving a .daughter, Laura Chapin, who m. 
Chauncey W. Brownell of Williston, and d. leaving five children. 

(3) Lewis, b. 1792, d. 1833. He m. in 1816 Sophia Hutch- 
inson of Jericho, who was b. 1796 and d. 1877. They had eight 
children. The three who lived to maturity were : 

(a) Milo Hoyt, b, 1823 and d. 1901. In 1859 he m. Mrs. 
Emily Smith Weed who was b. 1827 and d. 1908. For nearly 25 
years he served as deacon in the First Cong. Church. They had 
two children: (1) Laura Ann, b. 1860, m. in 1880 Henry W. 
Button, who was b. in Royalton, Vt., in 1847. Their children 
are: (a) Altha Luella, b. 1884, m. Frank G. Hyde, who was b. 
1877. They have one child, Helen Louise, b. 1911. (b) Laura 
Anne, b. 1885, m. Chester B. Dodge, who was b. 1885. They have 
two children: Altha, b. 1909 and Henry Dutton, b. 1911. (2) 
Cora Louise, b. 1867, m. in 1893 Ernest H. Smith. They live 
on his grandfather's old farm in Jericho and have one daughter, 
Pauline, b. 1894. He is a good farmer and business man. 

(b) Laura Sophia, b. 1827, d. 1854 unm. 

(c) George Freeman, b. 1829, m. in 1853 Cynthia M. Pierce 
of Jericho. They had four children. He m. 2 in 1874 Mrs. 
Harriet Osgood Brown. They had two children : Lewis Osgood, 
b. 1875, m. in 1903 Cliff Campbell, and Velma L., b. 1877 who 
m. Erford Stone and has three children. 

(4) Phebe, b. 1794, m. Rev. Simeon Parmalee, then of 
Westford, and had seven children. He lived to be 100 years old. 




Hon. Ltjcian H. Chapin. 
Representative from Jericho in 1872. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 431 

(5.) Esther, b. 1796, m. David Skinner in 1823, and d. in 
Jericho leaving four children. 

(6) Harriet, b. 1798, lived and d. in Jericho unm. 

(7) Sidney, b. 1800 and d. while fitting for college in 1819. 

(8) Chauncey, b. 1806, d. 1833 unm. 

(9) One infant d. 

Ichabod Chapin, son of Benoni and Esther, b. 1760, m. 
Asenath Smith of Goshen, Conn., and d. in 1843. He removed 
to Jericho, Vt., in 1786, and carried on a tanning business and 
farming. He was a member of the Congregational Church and 
was regarded as an upright and valuable member of society. He 
had a remarkable memory and during the last years of his life 
was able to repeat fifty hymns. His children were: 

(1) Charity, b. 1785, m. Daniel Shaw of Jericho about 
1803. Six children. 

(2) Levi, b. 1788, m. Minerva Lee of Jericho about 1813, 
d. 1837. Their children were: Emma, b. about 1816; Joseph 
Emerson and Albert. , 

(3) Myron, b. 1794, m. Ruth Currier, d. 1851. Their chil- 
dren were: (a) Juliette, b. 1823, m. Heman Putnam of Cambridge 
and d. about 1901. Three children living: Emma who m. H. A. 
Bailey, Sidney and Myron. Emma and Sidney live in Winooski. 
(b) Albert Franklin, b. 1825, m. Sarah Ann Palmer in 1852. 
Early in life they were school teachers, and later he was a farmer 
and resided in Jericho for several years. Still later he pur- 
chased and lived on a farm in Essex, where he d. His wife also 
d. in Essex. They had two children, Willis F. and Carrie. Willis 
m. Ellen M. Andrews in 1878. She d. in 1904. Five children : 
Claudius R., b. 1880; Sara Buell, b. 1882; Jeanette Andrews, b. 
1884; Albert Franklin, b. 1886; Carrie Palmer, b. 1888, who lives 
in Essex. Carrie, sister of Willis F., m. Edwin Humphrey, now 
of Burlington, (c) Herbert Smith, b. 1829, m. Malvina Whitton, 
d. 1876. They had one child, Lucian H., b. 1857, d. 1906, m. 
Cora M. Willey, b. 1867 in Sutton, P. Q., and had three children, 
viz. : Helen M., b. 1893 ; Mildred M., b. 1896, and Kendal L., b. 
1903. Lucian H. carried on a mercantile business at Riverside 
in Jericho several years, and later purchased a large farm on Lee 
river where they lived till his death. He represented the town 
in 1892. He was a man who lived an upright life and was re- 



432 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

spected by all who knew him; and although quiet and reserved, 
he was nevertheless alert in his activities and resourceful. In 
school matters, having served as a school director for years, 
his unerring judgment enabled him to give almost invaluable serv- 
ice to the town. He was so honorable in his dealings that he 
everywhere inspired confidence, so loyal to the town's best inter- 
ests that he was always trusted, and so consistent in his support 
of church, school and town interests as to win a foremost place 
in the hearts of his constituents, (d) Sidney, b. 1842, d. 1866. 
(4) Asenath, b. 1797, m. Ezra Church and they had eight 
children. 

THE CHITTENDEN FAMILY. 
By Mrs. Ethel Hawley and L. F. Wilbur. 

Hon. Thomas Chittenden, the son of Ebenezer Chittenden, 
was b. at East Guilford, Conn., Jan. 6, 1730. His father was a 
farmer of that town. Thomas was educated there in the common 
schools. He removed from his native place to Salisbury, Litch- 
field Co., Connecticut, when he came of. age, and was one of the 
first settlers and one of the leading citizens there, holding various 
civil and military offices. He came to the New Hampshire Grants, 
now Vermont, in 1773. 

In this sketch of the Chittenden family, so far as it relates to 
Jericho, it is not our purpose to give a full write-up of the acts and 
services of this remarkable man during his eventful life. No 
complete history of Vermont has been, or can be, written without 
embracing the doings of his entire life. The fact that he was 
elected and served as Governor of the State for 18 years from 
1778 to 1797 inclusive, except the year of 1790 when Moses 
Robinson was Governor, shows that he was favorably regarded 
by the people of the State. He d. in office Aug. 25, 1797. He 
m. Elizabeth Meigs in Oct., 1749. She was a person of robust 
constitution and of congenial education and habits. It is related 
of her that, while the Governor was living on a farm in Arling- 
ton, a company of gentlemen and ladies made a social call. At 
the time when the dinner horn was blown for the workmen, one 
of the party asked whether the servants came to the same table 
with the family. Mrs. Chittenden replied, "They do, but I have 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 433 

been telling the Governor, they did the work and we ought to 
give them the first table and take the second ourselves." In May, 
1774, Thomas Chittenden moved to Williston, where he had pur- 
chased a large tract of land and built thereon a log house for him- 
self and family. They had four sons and six daughters, viz. : Noah, 
Martin, Giles, Truman, Mabel, Betsey, Hannah, Beulah, Mary 
and Electa. Noah, Martin and Mabel are the only members of 
the family that made Jericho their place of residence. 

Noah, b. 1753, was a farmer and lived on the north side of 
Onion river opposite to the residence of his father, who lived on 
the south side of the river in Williston. Noah was sheriff of 
Addison county and the first sheriff of Chittenden county when 
that county was created. He also held the office of assistant 
judge of the county court; judge of probate; councillor from 
1801 to 181 1 ; representative of the town in the general assembly 
for the years of 1796, 1812, 1813 and 1814; and was a director of 
the Vermont State Bank. He was one of the largest land hold- 
ers that ever resided in town; he took a lively interest in all the 
affairs of the town, and was a liberal supporter of the Congre- 
gational Church at the Center. He d. in 1835. He was b. in 
1753 and m. Sally, a daughter of John Fassett, of Cambridge, 
Vt., and they had two children: Thomas, b. 1791, and Hannah, 
b. in 1795. Hannah became the wife of Hon. Truman Galusha. 
(See the Galusha family). Thomas after his father's death 
moved to Ohio, and had one son Thomas Jefferson. 

Martin Chittenden resided in Jericho much of his life and 
took a prominent part in everything pertaining to the welfare of 
the town. He m. Anna Bentley. He was a graduate of Dartmouth 
College and made farming his profession, owning a large farm on 
Onion river near his brother Noah's. He served the town, county 
and State in several important positions ; as Clerk of the County 
Court; Judge of the Chittenden County Court; Member of the 
Corporation of the University of Vermont ; ten years a Member of 
Congress from 1803 to 1813 ; represented the town of Jericho in 
the General Assembly in the years 1790, 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794, 
1795, 1797, and 1802 ; Governor of the State for the two years 
1813 and 1814 and afterward Judge of Probate for the county of 
Chittenden. (See sketch' of Gov. Chittenden). 



434 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Mabel, the eldest daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Chitten- 
den, m. Thomas Barney, a highly respected citizen and farmer. 
He was b. in 1745, and she in 1750. They resided the latter part 
of their life in Jericho with their son, Truman Barney, Esq. 
Thomas Barney d. in 1828 and his wife in 1838. He was a Cap- 
tain of Minute Men in Revolutionary times. (See the Barney 
family). 

The following incident took place while Martin Chittenden 
was a student in Dartmouth College. Martin was spending his 
vacation at home, and his brothers feelkig that they did rather 
more than their share of the work got Martin out in the morning 
to help do the chores, and he was set to work to teach a calf 
to drink. He got impatient at the operation and broke out, say- 
ing, "What shall we do with the paltry fool ?" "I can't tell," says 
Truman, "unless we send him to college." "Send him to college !" 
said Martin, "I should want a smarter calf than that." "Just the 
one," rejoined Truman, "he should be sent and made to know as 
much as others." 

THE CHOATE FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

Thomas Choate was b. at Dunbarton, N. H., and m. Harriet 
Swan. They moved to Jericho from that town. Three children 
were b. to them : Martha, Mary and George. 

(1) Martha, m. Thomas Robinson of Jericho, removed to 
Stowe where they lived until their death. They had ten chil- 
dren. 

(2) Mary, m. Eber Hill of Jericho. They moved to John- 
son and later to Stowe, where they d. They had three children. 

(3) George, b. in 1831, m. Relief S. (Roberts) Stems. She 
was b. in 1826 and d. in 1893. They lived in Jericho all their 
days. They had six children : 

(a) Dora L., was b. in 1853. She m. Ezra J. Brown in 
1873. He was a farmef owning and living on the farm known 
as the "Simeon Pease" farm. He d. in 1903. They had eight 
children: (1) Haswell G., b. in 1875, unm. (2) Zeph, b. in 1877 m. 
Jennie Farrell of Bellow's Falls, and have one dau., Beatrice M. 
Zeph was killed on the railroad at Waltham, Mass., in 1900. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 435 

(3) Ray M., b. in 1881, m. Aura Wilder in 1903. They, have 
two children, Malcolm F., b. in 1904, and Marguerite W., b. in 
1908. (4) Fay C, b. in 1884, d. in 1888. (5) Willis J., b. in 
1887, m. Anna Schillhammer in 1908. They have two children, 
Marie D., b. in 1909, and Wilmer M., b. in 1914. (6) Homer C, 
b. in 1889, is unm. (7) Doris R., b. in 1894, m. Warner Nichols 
of Essex in 1914. (8) Burton D., b. in 1908. 

(b) Hattie, b. in 1855, m. Frank Bragg in 1883. They 
have eight children and live in Maine. 

(c) Florinda R., b. in 1860, d. in 1899 unm. 

(d) Roginia, b. about 1862, m. 1 L. B. Howe about 1893, 
and had one child, Ruth F. L. B. Howe, d. in 1899. She m. 2 
Myron Reed, about 1904, and lived in Essex where he d. 

(e) Delia M., b. about 1864, m. Walter Flanders of N. H., 
and they have two children. 

(f) Cora A., b. in 1866, m. Enoch Abbott, and live in 
Upton, Me. They have two children. 

THE CHURCH FAMILY. 
By E. B. Jordan, Mrs. Julia Booth and Mrs. F. S. Ransom. 

The Church family is of English descent, and members of 
the same have been identified with the town for over one hun- 
dred years. 

Isaac Church and wife (maiden name not known) were 
m. in 1736 and were residents of Mansfield, Conn. They were 
the parents of five boys and two girls. Three of their sons, Asa, 
Isaac, Jr., and Jacob, emigrated with their families to Vershire, 
Vt. 

Asa Church was b. in Mansfield, Conn., June 25, 1738, and 
m. Abiah Pease of Martha's Vineyard, b. July, 1742, and to them 
w'ere b. eleven children. Two of their sons, Bela and Asa, Jr., be- 
came residents of this vicinity. Asa, Jr., settled in Underbill and 
afterwards became a resident of Jericho; and Bela remained on 
the old homestead in Vershire until after the death of his father, 
when he moved to Jericho, where he spent his last days. 

Asa Church, Jr., was m. to Juliette Humphrey of Underbill 
and to them were b. twelve children, viz. : William, Ezra, Chaun- 
cey, Willard, Oliver, Humphrey, Persis, Clarissa, Ziba, Julia, 



436 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Lucretia, and a baby that was accidently burned to death. Of 
these, three were residents of Jericho during their life time, viz. : 

Ezra, who was m. twice, his first wife being Lorenda Mead; 
his second wife, Asenath Chapin; Persis who m. Harvey Field 
and Clarissa who became the wife of Hiram Stone. 

Bela Church was m. to Polly Lurvy and there were b. to 
them seven children, viz.: Truman T., Lura, Horace, Lyman D., 
Elizabeth P., Lura 2nd, and Henry F. Of these, only two were 
for any length of time residents of Jericho, viz. : Truman T. 
and Lura, 2nd, who became the wife of B. B. Hatch. 

Ezra Church was a resident of Jericho from boyhood to 
the time of his death, Aug. 20, 1881, at the age of 84 years; ex- 
cept a few years after his second marriage, when he resided in 
Underbill. On his return to Jericho in 1837 he bought the farm 
now owned by Charles H. Giffin and resided there during the 
remainder of his life. He was one of the sterling citizens of the 
town, holding the office of constable for some years ; was an 
attendant of the Congregational Church at the Center, and a 
staunch supporter of the same. He was the father of thirteen 
children, four by his first wife and nine by his second, viz.: 
Children of Ezra Church and Lorenda Mead : 

(1) Jane Mahala, m. Geo. H.Brown. (2) Haswell Homer, 
went to Michigan when a young man, and later m. Mary Ann 
Davis and resided there the rest of his life. He was a citizen of 
Macomb County for forty-four years, and became widely 
known as a man of rugged force and sterling character. He was 
three times elected Sheriff of Macomb County. 

(3) Adaline Adelia, m. William Jordan, they residing at 
different times in Jericho, Burlington and Winooski. 

(4) Hyman Sever, who m. Lorain Griffin, spending their 
entire life time in Jericho. 

Children of Ezra Church and Asenath Chapin are as fol- 
lows, viz. : 

(5) Lorenda Mead, who m. Hiram Heflin, and soon after 
their marriage they moved to California where they spent the 
rest of their lives. 

(6) Ezra Smith, who d. in infancy. 

(7) Laura Asenath, who never m. and who, after the death 
of her father in 1881, went to California where she remained un- 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 437 

til her death in 1914; spending her time near and with her sis- 
ter, Lorenda, until the latter's death. 

(8) Ezra Smith, 2nd, who m. Jennie Hutchinson, living at 
Winooski until his death at the age of 31 years. 

(9) Julia H., who m. Hawley C. Booth. Julia was b. in 
Underhill, but came with her parents to live in Jericho when four 
years old ; where she still lives. 

(10) Lucretia, m. to Clark Story of Underhill, and who 
lived only a little over two years after her marriage. 

(11) Asa, who m. Sophronia Marsh and lived on the home 
farm until 1907, when he sold the farm and has since made his 
home with his oldest dau., Mrs. Anna Bellows of Ferrisburg. 

(12) Milo Miletus, who went to California soon after he 
was twenty-one years old, and m. Sylvia Campbell and still lives 
in that State. 

(13) Chauncey L., the youngest, enlisted Aug. 20, 1862, in 
Co. G., Second Regt. Vt. Vols., while a student at the University 
of Vermont, and was killed at Banks' Ford, May 4, 1863. He 
was in the first battle of Fredericksburg and there fought as only 
a brave soldier can. In the second battle of Fredericksburg, 
when his regiment charged up the heights, he again did honor 
to himself, although in that gallant charge his regiment lost 
one hundred and eight men in killed and wounded; yet his life 
was again spared, but for only one short day. The next after- 
noon, when the enemy charged on our brigade, he fell, while 
nobly fighting for his country. 

Of the above mentioned children, seven were more or less 
identified with Jericho during their lifetime, viz. : Jane M., 
Adaline A., Hyman S., Laura A., Julia H., Asa, and Chauncey 
L. 

For names and facts regarding the lives and descendants 
of Jane Mahala and George H. Brown, we refer you to the 
sketch of the Brown family in this volume. 

For Adaline A. and William Jordan and their family to the 
sketch of the Jordan family. 

Hyman Sever Church was b. Aug. 28, 1824, and d. May 2, 
1889. He was m. March 7, 1851 to Loraine Griffin, who was 
b. Apr. 18, 1822, and d. Apr. 16, 1895. Children : 

29 



438 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

(1) Ella Minerva, b. Sept. 14, 1853, was m. 1 to Alexander 
Miller, Feb. 10, 1870 ; 2nd to Murray Whitney in 1887 and now 
lives in Westminster, Mass. Children by first marriage : 

(A) George Alexander, b. Oct. 7, 1871, m. May 6, 1899 to 
Lillian Phillips. Children: 

(a) Grace, b. Jan. 6, 1900. 

(b) Frank, b. Nov. 15, 1901. 

(c) Charles, b. Apr. 24, 1904. 

(d) Nellie, b. June 4, 1906. 

(B) Hyman Griffin, b. Oct. 11, 1873, m. Oct. 5, 1898 to 
Mary W. Roberts. Is a merchant in Newtown, Pa. Children: 

(a) Elizabeth, b. Oct. 12, 1900. 

(b) Mildred, b. June 8, 1902. 

(C) Grace Agnes, (Ella Church Meikle), b. July 15, 1877, 
m. March 5, 1896 to Edwin S. Ransom. Children : 

(a) Hugh Adams, b. Oct. 16, 1898. 

(b) Mary Meikle, b. May 3, 1900. 

(c) Ronald, b. Dec. 10, 1907, d. Dec. 12, 1907. 

(d) Gordon Edwin, b. May 4, 1910. 

(e) Donald Griffin, b. July 12, 1913. 

2. Emma Lydia, b. Feb. 29, 1856, d. June 10, 1909. She was 
graduated from the Bellevue Training School for nurses in New 
York City in 1879, and was devoted to her work until her health 
failed when she returned to Jericho. 

3. Amelia Griffin, b. Jan. 20, 1860, m. Aug. 20, 1883 to 
Henry L. Murdock. She d. Apr. 28, 1900. Children : 

(A) Guy Earl, b. June 12, 1887, m. Myrtie Pease Aug. 28, 
1907, and now lives in Saxonville, Mass. Children : 

(a) Madeline, b. June 27, 1908. 
(ib) Helen, h. Feb. 3, 1910. 

(c) Henry, b. Mar. 30, 1911. 

(d) Maud Frances, b. June 14, 1912. 

(B) Janet Amelia, b. May 21, 1896. 

4. Infant son, b. and d. Nov. 28, 1862. 

5. Mary Loraine, b. May 17, 1868, m. Frank S. Ransom 
Jan. 20, 1886. Children : 

(A) Loraine Harriet, b. Aug. 13, 1890, m. Lee H. McClellan 
June 12, 1911, and now lives in Schenectady, N. Y: 

(B) Carleton Silas, b. July 1, 1898. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 439 

Laura A. never m. ; she lived with her parents until their 
death, and then, as stated above, went to California to reside. 

For particulars regarding Julia H. and Hawley C. Booth 
and their family, refer to the Booth family sketch. 

Asa and Sophronia (Marsh) were m. at Williston, Feb. 23, 
1865 ; the wife d. at Jericho June 3, 1904. They had six chil- 
dren, viz. : 

(1) Chauncey L., b. 1866, d. 1874. 

(2) A baby b. in 1871 and who d. in infancy. 

(3) Wesley A. Church, b. Jan., 1873, m. Agnes Morse of 
Bolton, Dec. 10, 1896; they have two children, Donald and Belle. 
Wesley is a merchant at Jonesville, Vt. 

(4) Anna E., b. in Aug., 1874, m. Frank Bellows of Essex, 
Vt., June 24, 1897; they had two children, Harold and Carlton. 
Mr. Bellows and Harold both d. in 1914. 

(5) Ralph M. was b. Nov., 1878, m. M. Belle Hill of John- 
son, Vt., in 1903. They have two children, Ruth and Winston. 
They are now residing in Rutland, Vt. 

(6) Lucy A. was b. April, 1880, m. Albert P. Byington of 
this town in 1906. They have had two children, Stanley C, who 
d. in infancy, and Merrill C. They reside in town. 

Chauncey S., youngest son of Ezra Church, as stated above, 
was killed in the Civil War. 

THE CILLEY FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

William Cilley of Poultney, Vt., m. Abigail Ward, Sept. 10, 
1795, came to Underbill and resided for a short time, and finally 
settled in Jericho, where he d. April 6, 1847, aged 77 years. Their 
children were: 

(■1) Lindamira, b. May 6, 1797, m. Marshall Castle of 
Essex, Vt. 

(2) Lucy, b. June 5, 1799, m. Almon Fennell. 

(3) William, b. Sept. 20, 1801, m. Roxana Castle of Essex, 
Vt, Feb. 1830, moved to Lancaster, Wis., and d. there. 

(4) Spencer, b. June 12, 1804, m. Atarah Ward of Poult- 
ney. They lived on Cilley Hill in Jericho, and d. and were buried 
in Jericho. They had five children, one girl and four boys: 



440 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Curren D., Charles, William and Lindon Irving. The girl, 
Frances, and Curren d. unm. The other three boys m. and had 
children and lived in the west. 

(5) Eliza, m. Pearl Castle of Essex, and was the mother 
of Mrs. Samuel Keeler. 

(6) Albert, b. Sept. 24, 1809, m. Abigail Castle, a sister of 
Marshall Castle of Williston, Vt., Aug. 6, 1835. She d. and he 
m. 2 Edna Foster in 1875. Both lived and d. in Jericho. 

(7) Emily, b. May 17, 1812, m. Ira Abbey of Essex, April 
18, 1841, and was the mother of Rev. Pearl C. Abbey, their 
only child. 

(8) A. Jackson, b. June 30, 1815, m. Lucretia Hill, Sept. i 
11, 1841. He d. in Jericho, Nov. 27, 1865, aged 50 years. She 

d. Sept. 6, 1880, aged 64 years. They had three children, viz.: 
Ellen J., b. May 27, 1843, who m. Byron C. Ward and d. Sept. 3, 
1898 in Des Moines, Iowa ; Hattie, b. in 1847, d. in Jericho, April |1 
6, 1864; and Carrie C, b. June 12, 1861, who m. Walter S. Parker 
of Prairie City, Iowa, and still lives there. 

The above named Byron C. Ward was the oldest of five chil- 
dren of Harvey Ward, formerly of Underbill, but who moved 
with his second wife, Eliza Rood, to Bradford County, Pa., where 
he d. in 1854. She was the daughter of Levi Rood and sister 
of Orlin Rood of Jericho. The Ward family moved to Jericho ■:'! 
and resided on the farm now known as the John McLaughlin farm 
for five years. Byron C. Ward enlisted and served in the army ' 
.during the War of the Rebellion. He was a successful lawyer, 
practicing at Prairie City and Des Moines, Iowa, and is a G. A. R. 
man. Byron C. Ward was b. November 28, 1838, in Underbill, 
Vermont. He was a student in the Vermont University when the 
Civil War began. He enlisted as a private in Company G, Second i 
Regiment, Vermont Volunteer Infantry; was promoted through 
the grades and commissioned as First Lieutenant and soon after 
detailed as Adjutant of his regiment and served in that capacity 
till the close of the war. He participated in such battles as 
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness and 
other important engagements. He emigrated to Iowa in 1869, 
and soon after was admitted to the bar. He was elected to the 
Legislature from Jasper County as a member of the Twentieth 
General Assembly. He moved to Des Moines in 1892. He was 







■ 




^^H 



Bykon C. Ward. 
Iowa State Ckvmmander of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, 1912. 
Also Iowa State Commander of the Grand Army of the Republic, 1914. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 441 

the Senior Vice-Department Commander of the G. A. R. from 
June, 1910 to June, 1911. 

THE JOHN T. CLAPP FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

John T. Clapp, who was b. in Hinesburg in 1797 and d. in 
New York in 1885, m. Chloe Ford, who was b. in 1804 and d. 
1875. For many years he resided on the farm at the corner of the 
roads leading to Bolton and Richmond, southeast of Jericho Cen- 
ter. About 1865 he moved to the Comers, but spent his last years 
in N. Y. with his son Simeon. He was an excellent man and en- 
joyed the confidence of the people of the town. He was for 
many years a Deacon in the Baptist Church. John T. and Chloe 
(Ford) Clapp had three children who grew to maturity, viz.: 
(1 ) Sarah E., m. John Bowman ; two children, Winnibel and A. 
Lincoln: (2) Rollin M., b. 1828, d. 1886, m. 2 Emily M. Stroud; 
two children, Nettie, d. young and John T. (3) Simeon W., b. 
1833, d. 1890, m. Lorenda Mead, .b. 1833, d. 1900, daughter of 
Humphrey Mead. They had two children: Evelyn Lucy, b. 
1855, d. 1904, m. Charles A. Sargent, b. 1850, d. 1888, had three 
daughters; and Walter Clayton, b. 1861, d. 1915. (See Clergy- 
men). 

CLARK FAMILY. 
By C. H. Hayden. 

Howard Martin Clark was b. in Underbill, Vt., Apr. 20, 
1862. He was the son of William B. and Martha Martin Clark. 
Mr. Clark m. Elnor Leafa Chase, dau. of Joseph B. and Irena T. 
Drake Chase, Jan. 27, 1897. 

Elnor Chase Clark was b. in Hartford, Vt., in 1870. They 
have two children : 

Chase M., b. Nov. 10, 190Z 

Elwood William, b. Feb. 11, 1906. 

Mr. Clark moved from Underbill to Jericho in 1905. Is a 
retired farmer. Mr. Clark has the distinction of being the great- 
great-grandson of Mr. Olds, the tailor, who escaped from the 
Brown cabin, when the Browns were captured by the Indians. 



442 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

THE THOMAS COSTELLO FAMILY. 
By George and John Costello and L. F. Wilbur. 

Michael Costello, and his wife, Margaret (Devine) Costello, 
the parents of Thomas, of Jericho, Vt., were b. and lived in 
Ireland. Thomas was b. in Loughrea, County Galway, in 
1819, and m. Catherine McLoughlin, the daughter of John and 
Barbara (Barry) McLoughlin in 1849 at St. James' Catholic 
Church, New York City. Catherine was b. in Cliffony, Sligo 
County, Nov. 16, 1823, and d. at Jericho in 1906. Thomas d. 
Feb. 21, 1907. They came to America in 1849, and to Jericho 
in 1850. They had six children, viz. : Margaret, b. Mar. 3, 1850, 
d. Mar. 28, 1864; (2) Ellen, b. June 17, 1852; (3) Mary, b. Aug. 
2, 1854, d. Nov. 3, 1879; (4) James, b. Jan. 1, 1856, d. Mar. 26, 
1864; (5) George, b. April 17, 1859, a carpenter, and constable 
of Jericho ; (6) John. b. Aug. 11, 1864, a painter in N. Y. 

Thomas Costello was faithful in whatever he set out to do, 
a reliable, honest man. He lived at different places in town until 
he purchased a few acres of land on what is known as the Jericho 
Plains road in 1869, later adding adjoining lands and building 
a house in which he lived until his death. Ellen, George and 
John are unm. 

THE CRANE FAMILY. 
Prepared by Lydia C. McPherson. 

Oren Crane and Lydia Grover were both b. in Orange 
County, Vt., in the year 1797. Only one month's difference in 
their ages. In their youth they were both country school teachers 
and thoroughly prepared in the fundamental branches. A cer- 
tificate from the principal of an academy in Randolph, Vt., of the 
date of 1819, is still in existence, testifying to the good character 
and attainments of the young man. 

In April 1820, these young people were m. at the Grover 
home by the Rev. John Lyman, an old time Congregational min- 
ister and a relative of the Grover family. The old home in Brook- 
field is still in possession of a descendant of the Grover family. 
The first home of the young couple was in Williamstown, where 
the three older children were b. The mother of Charles Paine, 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 443 

afterwards Governor of Vermont, was for sometime a member 
of the little household. 

In March 1825 a move was made, and over the muddy, slushy 
roads of that season, the tired family climbed the last mile to 
their new home, on what was known as Cilley Hill. The land 
was covered with hardwood timber, but a miserable old log house 
furnished shelter, and kind neighbors came with welcome and 
comfort for the tired mother and little children. Mr. and Mrs. 
Fennel and dear mother Cilley helped over many a hard place. 

The very first thing to be done, was to clear the land to make 
ready for whatever crop could be grown on the stony hillside. 
There was no market for the timber, so those beautiful trees were 
felled, the logs from them piled in heaps, burned, and the ashes, 
the only part having a money value, made into potash, stumps and 
stones removed, and potatoes, corn, rye and buckwheat planted for 
the future food of the family. Ground was also prepared for an 
orchard and apple seeds sown (there were no tree nurseries 
then), and a valuable orchard grown from this small beginning. 

Meanwhile to provide food until something was grown, both 
parents worked for whatever they could get. Fifty cents a day for 
a man was high wages, which was rarely paid in money. Wheat 
or corn to be ground in the old mill at the "Corners," meat or 
an order on the store usually was the reward. The mother took 
home wool which she carded, spun and wove for part of the 
cloth, and flax to be worked up the same way, while she cooked 
their frugal meals and took care of her constantly increasing 
family. 

Three more children were b. in the nine years, while the 
Crane family lived on "the Hill," as it was always spoken of. 
During this time Mr. and Mrs. Crane united with the Baptist 
Church, under the pastorate of Rev. Mr. Graves, whom they al- 
ways spoke lovingly of as "Elder Graves." Also the Jericho Brick 
Meeting house was built. I remember a little story in connection 
with the building of the church which may have happened to any 
man on the Hill. The man signed one dollar towards the build- 
ing of the church, and being unable to pay it was taken to jail 
for the debt. Such were times at that date. 

In politics Mr. Crane was a staunch Whig, but always anti- 
slavery, and a staunch Republican when that party was formed. 



444 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VBaiMONT. 

The next move was a rented farm for four years, owned by 
a widow, Mrs. Woodrufif. In 1838 Mr. Crane bought the farm 
which remained in his possession for thirty-five years, and where 
Mrs. Crane died in 1871 and her husband two years later in 1873 ; 
the two younger children were b. there. The father and mother, 
two sons and a daughter lie in the cemetery at Jericho, two sons 
and a daughter at Williston Cemetery, and the youngest son, 
Charles, under the sunny skies of southern California. One 
daughter, the only one left of the eight children, and the writer 
of this sketch, is living in Orange, Cal. There are nine grand- 
children, four in the east, and five on the Pacific Coast. The said 
Charles M. Crane m. Ellen Van Vliet in 1877 and removed to 
California, where he d. The writer of this sketch, Lydia, m. Mr. 
McPherson in California, where he d. (She herself d. 1915). 

THE CUNNINGHAM FAMILY. 
By S. H. Barnum. 

George E. Cunningham came into town in 1884 and bought 
the Dea. Elliott farm where Andrew Johnson now lives. In 
1903 he purchased the house at the Center in which he has since 
resided. His father, William, was stolen by pirates from a wharf 
in Scotland. He was eight or nine years old, and with Robert 
Towers and perhaps one or two other playmates, he was carried 
off and made to work on shipboard for two years. He and 
Towers escaped at Quebec and eventually made their way to 
Richmond, Vt., where he lived till his death in 1862 at the age of 
64, becoming a farmer and raising a large family. He m. Mary 
Rhodes. 

George E. was b. in Richmond, Jan., 1840. He was next 
to the youngest of ten children, of whom but one besides himself, 
a sister in Kansas, is now living. He m. Sarah E. Kellogg 
March 3, 1863. The same year he enlisted from Bolton in Cq. 
K. of the 5th Vt. regiment, and in the battle of the Wilderness, 
the second day. May 6, 1864, was severely wounded. He was 
in hospitals about thirteen months. Mrs. Cunningham d. Jan. 
15, 1916, aged 69. 

Of their children two d. in infancy. The others are : 



HISTORY OF JBRiCHO, VERMONT. 445 

(1) George W., b. May 13, 1871, m. Linnie Thompson Aug. 
2, 1898. Children, Reta and George. Has a farm in Starks- 
boro. 

(i2) Grace L., b. April 16, 1878, m. Philip Tomlinson July 3, 
1895. Seven children, Gladys, Lalah, Linnie, Ila, Neil, Ruth and 
George. Lives in Essex. 

(3) Elsie E., b. Sept. 16, 1880, m.' JuHan Hoskins May 8, 
1907. One child, Geneva, b. Oct., 1908. Lives in Jericho. 

(4) Maud M., b. Oct. 28, 1886, m. Clyde Wilder Sept. 
20, 1906. Children, Frieda, b. June, 1908, and Thelma, b. March, 
1914. Lives at Jericho Center. 

THE CURTIS FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

Gideon Curtis was b. in Woodbury, Conn., 1769. In 1790 he 
m. Rebecca Hardy, b. at HoUis, N. H., d. Feb. 5, 1816. Aug. 
5, 1816, he m. 2 Hannah Stimson, b: at Salem, Mass., in 1788. 
They came to Essex as pioneer settlers and settled on a farm on 
the east road to Westford, where they lived till they d., he in 
1843 at Jericho, she in 1872. 

Gideon Curtis had six children by his second wife, viz.: 
Stephen, b. 1817; John, b. 1819; Rebecca A., b. 1821; Lucinda, 
b. 1823 ; Esther S., b. 1825 ; and Lois, b. 1829. None of them 
lived in Jericho but Stephen. 

Stephen lived on his father's farm in Essex, till he sold out 
and moved in 1865 to a farm a little south of Jericho village, where 
he d. in 1895. While he lived in Essex he held the main town 
offices and represented that town in the Legislature during the 
years of 1854 and 1855. In 1839 he m. Harriet M. Reynolds, b. 
in 1817, d. 1890. Stephen Curtis was a farmer and a very candid 
man of excellent judgment. He was a deacon of the Baptist Church 
while living in Essex and held the office of deacon of the Baptist 
Church in Jericho after he moved to that town, till his death. He 
had the full confidence of all people who knew him. Stephen Cur- 
tis had three children, viz.: (1) Francis, who d. young in 1842; 
(2) Wilson R., b. 1845, m. Sophia A. Bullock in 1877. She was 
b. 1858 in Sutton, Canada. They had one child, Linnie E., b. in 
Jericho in 1882, who m. Max A. Buzzell in 1908 and resides in 



446 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Jericho. He was b. 1883 at Richford, Vt. ; (3) Eugene W., b. in 
1851, m. Ida Selleck in 1876. He d. in Jericho in 1910. They had 
four children, viz.: (a) Stephen E., b. 1877, m. Lucia Buzzell. 
They have no children; (b) Clifton G., b. in 1881, m. Vera 
French. She was b. in 1883. They have two children. Earl and 
Doris, and reside in Underbill ; (c) Perry M., b. 1885, m. Dora 
White in 1907, has one child, Roger, and resides in Colchester; 
(d) Ada, b. 1893, m. Albert McNall in 1912, Lives in Colchester. 

THE DAVIS FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

Simon Davis, Senior, came to this country from Wales, 
and at first settled in Connecticut, but with his wife soon came 
to Jericho, Vt. He was b. in 1760 and d. in 1842. His wife was 
b. in 1763 and d. in 1814. They had eight children, viz. : Hiram, 
Simon, Roxana, Clarissa and Polly and three others that d. 
young. 

(1) Hiram, b. in 1791, m. Minerva Martin, about 1832, who 
d. in 1833. They had one child, Emily, who m. George H. Wilder. 
Emily was b. in 1832, d. in 1912. About 1838 Hiram m. 2 
Anna Joy, b. in 1820, d. in 1892. They had six children: 

(a) Lucy Ann, who d. at the age of one year. 

(b) Mary Jane, b. in 1843, m. Loren T. Richardson in 
1861. They live in Caswell, Mich., and have no children. 

(c) Alma, b. in 1845, m. Cyrus Tarbox in 1880. 

(d) Curtis H., b. in 1840, m. Sarah Meigs, of Georgia, 
Vt. They have one child, Ruth, and now live in Colorado, 

(e) Fayette L., b. at Lafayette, Wis., in 1855, m. Rosamond 
Johnson, the dau. of E. W. Johnson of Jericho. They have six 
children, viz.: Ina, Rena, Grace, Raymond, Howard and another 
child that d. in infancy. 

(f) Bertha, m. George Wade of Montgomery, Vt., and had 
six children. She m. 2 Henry Miller, and they have no children. 

(2) Simon Davis, b. in 1798, d. Nov. 22, 1863. He m. 
Lucy , and they had eight children, viz.: 

(a) An infant that d. in 1840. 

(b) Martha, b. in 1842, d. in 1850. 

(c) Carrie, b. in 1837, d. in 1856. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 447 

(d) Almira, b. in 1823, d. in 1898, m. Lovell Bullock, b. 
in 1820, d. in 1893. They had two children that are still living, 
viz. : Simon and Dale. 

(e) Lovina, b. in 1828, d. in 1891, m. Rev. Mark Atw^ood, 
a Free Will Baptist minister, b. in 1820, d. in 1898. 

(f) Harriet, b. in 1831, d. in 1886, m. Julius H. Hapgood, 
b. in 1824, d. in 1866, and had three children: Burt, Ida and 
Clark. M. 2 Joseph H. Mellendy, who d. in Nebraska. 

(g) Lucy, b. in 1835, d. in 1874, m. Henry M. Field. They 
had one child, Emma, d. in 1913, who m. Homer Holmes. 
They had two children. 

(h) Emeline, m. Hiram Cook and both d. in Wisconsin. 
They had three children. 

ISRAEL DAVIS FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

Israel Davis was b. in 1814, d. in 1888. He m. Lucinda 
Burns Vho was b. in 1820 and d. in 1902. They lived for many 
years northeast of Jericho village on the Cilley Hill road. They 
had two children, viz: 

Hoyt H., b. in 1851 and d. in 1910 at Jericho. He m. 
but had no children. 

Martha, b. in 1838, m. Robert White. They had three 
children. (See the White family.) 

The father of Lucinda (Burns) Davis was Samuel Burns, 
who was b. in Jericho in 1795 and d. at the age of 88 years. 
His wife was Lois Stevens who d. in 1856 at the age of 56 
years. 

JOHN W. DAVIS FAMILY. 

By S. H. Bamum. 

John W. Davis, son of Charles E. Davis, who was b. at 
Lynchburg, Va., and Mary Grace Hall Ruff, who was b. at Balti- 
more, Md., was b. in the latter city Feb. 14, 1878. He came to 
Jericho when eleven years of age and has lived here most of his 
life. He lives on the Chas. Lyman farm. He m. Jan. 5, 1910, 
Lois Caroline Schillhammer, dau. of John and Anna M. Schill- 



448 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

hammer. Lois was b. in Jericho June 8, 1884. Four children: 
Evelyn Louise, b. 1910; Lolita Beulah, b. 1911 ; Othello Benjamin, 
b. 1914; and Rudolph W., b. 1916. 

THE DAY FAMILY. 
By Buel H. Day and C. H. Hayden. 

Among the early settlers of the town of Jericho were Ben- 
jamin and Electa (Ransom) Day, who came from the vicinity 
of New Haven, Conn., where a large colony of the Days was 
located. 

Benjamin and Electa bought and lived on the land located 
about half way between Underbill and Jericho Center. Carved 
from the forest by their hands, the farm remained in the Day 
family until about 1855, when it was purchased by James A. 
Shedd of Burlington. 

Seven sons and two daus. were b. to Benjamin and Electa on 
this farm: 

(1) Hiram Benjamin, b. 1804, d. 1886; (2) Giles, b. 1806, 
d. ; (3) Galusha, b. 1808, d. ; (4) Wilson, d. in Cali- 
fornia in 1851 ; (5) Buel H., d. in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he 
was a medical student; (6) Silas, ; (.7) Dennis, d. in Min- 
nesota in city of Albert Lea ; (8) Salome, m. Nahum Whitmarsh 
of Jericho, Vt. ; (9) Ruamah, m. Abraham Rugg and lived for 
many years in Jericho, where Alice, Electa, Frank and Hiram 
were b. They sold this farm here, moving to . Milton, Vt., 
where they purchased a large farm where the family have con- 
tinued to live until the present time. William a very bright and 
promising boy b. in Milton, d. at the age of 16, and his father and 
mother a few years later. 

Of these children, Hiram B. was the only one of the boys 
who continued to reside in Jericho. For many years he owned 
the farm now in the possession of Elmer Irish and also the one 
now occupied by Mr. Geo. Haylette. 

Hiram B. was prominent in town affairs holding the various 
offices in the power of his fellow citizens to grant. He twice 
represented the town in the Vermont Assembly. 

Early in life he m. Elizabeth, dau. of Joseph and Hanna 
(Cady) Brown. Five children were b. to them: 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 449 

(1) Salome E.; (2) Naomi E.; (3) Giles H.; (4) Bud H.; 
(5) Byron W. 

Elizabeth d. in 1855 and he m. 2 Polly Brown, sister of 
the first wife. No children were b. of this union. She d. in 
1878. Hiram B. d. in 1886. 

Of the children of Hiram B. and Elizabeth, Salome m. Henry 
Howe and one son, Hiram, was b. to them, who lived and grew to 
manhood in the family of Hiram B. Day. Hiram Howe m. Lena 
Brown, dau. of George Brown of Essex, Vt. They lived a few 
years on the home farm in Jericho, afterwards going to Rutland, 
Vt., where they were successful wholesale and retail confec- 
tioners. Salome d. at the age of 22. 

Naomi E. m. Josiah B. Scoville, grain inspector of the port 
of Duluth for many years. One dau., Edith S., was b. to them, 
a prominent teacher in Duluth. 

Giles H. early wfent to California and later settled at Fort 
Worth, Texas. He was Mayor of that city four terms, School 
Director ten or twelve years and was largely instrumental in the 
building up of the Fort Worth schools. He m. Annie Day of 
Indiana. One son, Lemuel E. was b. to them, now living at 
Fort Worth and a prominent citizen of that city. Giles d. in 1911. 

Lemuel m. and three sons and one dau. were b. 

to them : 

(1) Giles, a doctor at Fort Worth; (2) Lemuel, attending 
High School there; (3) Buel, who d. in High School there; 
(4) a dau. who d. in infancy. 

Buel H., b. Feb. 13, 1844, m. Mary B., a dau. of E. S. and 
Harriet (Bass) Whitcomb, July 3, 1866. Three sons were b. 
to them: 

(1) Buel Clifton; (2) Carl Edward; (3) Guy Warren. 

(1) Buel Clifton was b. Apr. 17, 1867. He was educated in 
the schools of Jericho, at St. Johnsbury Academy and graduated 
from the University of Vermont in the class of 1888 at the age 
of 21. In 1890 he was Assistant Sec. of the Senate in the Ver- 
mont Legislature. He was principal of the Craftsbury Academy 
for several years, resigning to take a post graduate course at 
Columbia University, following which he became Supt. of Schools 
at the Hamptons, Mass., for two years. He resigned to spend 
a year at study in Jena, Germany. On his return he became Supt. 



450 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

of the Boys' Parental School of Boston. Poor health forced his 
resignation and made necessary a sojourn in Colorado. Notwith- 
standing a stubborn fight for life his death occurred Mar. 30th, 
1910, at Colorado Springs, hastened thru injuries received in an 
automobile accident. Of a happy, sunny disposition he won 
many friends, and even during his final illness and sufferings was 
the bright star in the gloomy hospital heavens. (See Teachers). 

(2) Carl Edward, b. Dec. 17, 1869, was educated at the 
Underbill and St. Johnsbury academies, graduating from the 
Packard Commercial College in New York City. During the 
season of 1886 he served as page to Gov. Ormsbee in the Ver- 
mont Legislature. After a business experience of over 20 years 
in New York City (during fourteen years of which he was the 
New York representative of Holden-Leonard & Co.) he is now 
at Chicago, a member of one of that city's largest coat and suit 
manufacturing firms. He m. Mary Pearl Day, of Albert Lea, 
Minnesota. Two children were b. to thern : Mary Dorothy, who 
graduated from Jericho Grammar School in 1912, and since at- 
tending Waterman Hall Seminary, Sycamore, 111., and Carl B. H., 
who lives with his grandparents at Jericho (with his sister). 
Carl graduated from the Grammar School in 1915. 

(3) Guy Warren, b. Jan. 25, 1872, m. Bertha Ellis of Boston 
One son, Kenneth Buel, was b. to them, now attending the 
Boston High School at Boston.- For a number of years he 
lived with his grandparents at Jericho, graduating from the 
Jericho Grammar School. Guy Warren d. May 10, 1911. His 
wife Bertha, d. in New York City. He was for years in the 
wholesale dry goods business with Lord & Taylor, Hempstone & 
Day, and Rusch & Co. He was recognized as a keen salesman 
and a business man of sterling character. He was a musician of 
exceptional ability. 

Buel Harwood was b. in Jericho, held the various town 
ofiSces for years, representing the town in 1872, and serving as 
senator in 1884. For nineteen years he was one of the firm of 
Whitcomb & Day, at Riverside, Vt!, successor to E. S. Whitcomb. 
This business was conducted under these two names over a 
period of 40 years. Mr. Day was largely instrumental in secur- 
ing the passage of the Burlington & Lamoille R. R. through Jeri- 
cho, being one of the Commissioners for the bonding of the town 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 451 

for that purpose. The Riverside Steam Mill was built through 
the efforts of Whitcomb & Day, and was operated by them for 
years, employing from 50 to 100 men. Besides custom sawing 
this mill was equipped to produce steamed bent chair wood, 
fork handles, etc., novelty turning, shingles and clapboards, as 
well as to do custom grinding. It was one of the largest mill 
properties in Northern Vermont. In 1888 it was sold to Ex. 
Gov. Woodbury. The Underbill and Jericho Cheese Factory, 
now known as the Riverside Creamery and operated cooperatively 
by the Jericho farmers, was built and run by Whitcomb & Day. 
The property is owned by Mr. Day at the present time. In 1888 
Mr. Day, having disposed of his store interests and mill property, 
removed to New York City and entered the wholesale dress 
goods business where he remained for 23 years. In 1910 he re- 
turned to Jericho, purchasing the home farm of Mrs. Day's 
family, and later the place built by Henry M. Field at the 
Comers, where they now reside, making a home much of the time 
for their grandchildren, Dorothy, Kenneth and Carl. Mr. B. H. 
Day d. Oct. 25, 1915, and was buried in the family lot in the 
Jericho cemetery. 

Byron W. was b. in Jericho, Apr. 10, 1848. He owned for 
years and until his death what was Hiram B. Day's original farm 
at Jericho, at the present time owned by Mr. Geo. Haylette. 
Byron W. m. Persis M. Goodwin of Underbill. To them were 
b. four sons and one dau., all living at the present time. Byron 
and Persis d. within 12 months of each other. Three of the 
boys lived with their uncle and aunt, Buel H. Day, in New York 
until his return to Jericho. Hiram B. the oldest, was in the whole- 
sale dress goods business, largely with Hempstone & Day, and is 
now of the firm of Pray, Small & Day, cotton goods brokers at 
72 Leonard St., N. Y. City. Ernest Buel, third son, after a 
period of study in New York, went to his Uncle Giles at Fort 
Worth, Texas, graduated from the High School, and the School 
of Mines at St. Louis, returning to his uncle's at New York 
City, where he continued his education as a civil engineer, and 
where he is now in the employ of the McAdoo Tunnel people as 
civil engineer and architect, having charge of much of their most 
important work. Homer Giles was of the three who went to 
New York and is the private secretary of Henry Walters of the 



452 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Atlantic Coast and Louisville & Nashville Railroads. Roy, the 
second son, is engaged in railroading on the New Haven & Hart- 
ford R. R., running from Providence to Boston. Mamie, the 
dau. m. Dr. Wiltse of Burlington, and at the present time is a 
trained nurse in that city, a graduate of the Mary Fletcher Hos- 
pital. Dr. Wiltse was for years State Chemist of Vermont. 

INCIDENTS. 

Hiram B. Day was a man of sterling character, but of few 
words. When the subject of temperance was being discussed, 
he said there had been a great change in public sentiment, since 
he was a child, and then told how, when he was a little boy, walk- 
ing from church with his father, the preacher joined them, and 
his father said, "That was an excellent prayer you made today." 
The minister replied that he could have done much better, had 
his drink been a little brandy instead of Old New England rum. 

He was a member of the Gov. Thos. Chittenden household 
when a young man for sometime and delighted to relate how 
Anson Chittenden got the better of a gang of men who were 
shearing the sheep; Anson was not considered of brilliant mind, 
and he was appointed to carry the fleeces of wool to the attic. 
The gang bet him a dollar that they would get their work of 
shearing done before his work of carrying up was over. The 
work progressed until all the sheep were sheared, excepting the 
old buck, which could not be found, until Anson was questioned, 
when he told them that it was in the attic with his fleece on his 
back. So his work was finished first, and he won the dollar. 



DICKINSON FAMILY. 
By C. H. Hayden.' 

Reuben Dickinson, son of Elijah and OUve Dickinson, was b. 
Aug. 24, 1839. His father lived to be 84 years old and his mother 
was 69 at her decease. 

Reuben m. 1 Miss Richardson of Bethel, N. H., in 1860. 
There were b. to them two children : 

(1) Carlton R., b. in 1864. He is m. and has five children 
and lives in Berlin, N. H. 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 453 

(2) Herbert B. was b. in 1866. He m. and located in the 
West and has six children. 

Reuben m. 2 Delila Terrill, dau. of Samuel Terrill, who 
was b. Dec. 15, 1843. Her father, Samuel Terrill, b. in 1799, 
lived to be 86 years of age and d. Nov. 12, 1885. Her mother, b. 
in 1802, d. Aug. 20, 1886, aged 84 years. 

The marriage of Reuben and Delila occurred in 1866. Two 
children have been b. to them. 

(1) Laura, who was b. Feb. 14, 1867^ and m. Fred T. 
Homer Sept. 27, 1896, at Jericho, Vt. They reside in Uxbridge, 
Mass. 

(2) Henry Harrison was b. June 8, 1869, and m. Mrs. 
Emily Gurley Feb. 15, 1908. They have one child, Wallace Ed- 
win, b. Nov. 8, 1911. They reside in Jericho, Vt. 

L. M. DIXON FAMILY. 

Leonard Mills Dixon, the son of Col. Luther Dixon, who 
served in the War of 1812-13, was m. to EHza Luzerne Bost- 
wick April 25, 1833. Mr. and Mrs. Dixon were fine types of 
the old time landlord, and the hospitality of the old Bostwick 
House, later the Dixon, is well remembered by many that used to 
be their guests and liked the genial ways of the host and comfort 
and good cooking of the old hostelry. 

The old tavern was a rambling building standing on the 
edge of Jericho near the Underbill town line, and was a landmark 
in stage coach days before the railroad, and also a popular sum- 
mer resort of its period. (See Dixon House, Part VIII). 

The old house with its piazzas, fine trees, its ball-room, and 
the lovely view of Mount Mansfield, was burned in 1890 and its 
busy life is but a memory to the present generation. 

Mr. Dixon d. in the hotel in 1886 and Mrs. Dixon d. in Bur- 
lington in 1889 and were buried in the family lot in Underbill 
cemetery. Their survivors are Mrs. Clara M. Bradley, a dau., 
who resides with her dau., Mrs. T. Edwin Alden at Wellesley, 
Mass., also Will A. Bradley, a grandson, living in Brooklyn. • 

Their son, Ashton C, d. in 1895 arid is survived by his dau., 
Mrs. Pearl F. Blodgett, of Montpelier. 

30 



454 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

THE DOUGLAS FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

The parents of Milo Douglas were Daniel and Polly Doug- 
las. Polly's maiden name was Polly Messenger, a direct de- 
scendant from Roderick Messenger, one of the three earliest 
pioneers of Jericho. Daniel and his wife Polly resided in Wil- 
liston, Vt., and they had seven children, four boys and three 
girls. None of them ever resided in Jericho except Milo. Milo 
lived in five different towns, viz. : Williston, Hinesburg, West- 
ford, Jericho and Essex. 

Milo Douglas was b. in 1817 in Williston, and was m. in 
1846 in Jericho to Sarah C. Hutchinson. She was b. in Jericho 
in 1824. They came to Jericho in 1866 and settled on Lee River 
on the farm known as the "Old Lucius L. Lane farm." He d. in 
1903 and she d. in 1910 in Essex. 

The first child of said Milo and Sarah Douglas was Henry 
Homer, b. in 1846, arid he m. Elizabeth Dearborn in 1877. He 
d. in 1883 at Minneapolis. 

2nd. Rollin M., b. in 1849 in Hinesburg, m. 1 Lucy Ben- 
ton and m. 2 Myrtle Beebe. They had one dau. by the 2nd m. 
who lives in California. 

3rd. James H., b. in 1851 at Hinesburg and m. 1 Emma 
Robinson and they had seven children, none of whom ever lived 
in Jericho. He m. 2 Carreen Coally and they live in Essex. 

4th. Emma J., b. in 1853 in Hinesburg, m. Albert C. 
Spaulding in 1873 and they have one son, Frank D. They lived 
in Burlington during most of their m. life. Albert C. d. in 1903, 
aged 53, and she d. in 1912. 

5th. Cassius M., b. in 1857 in Westford, m. Elizabeth 
(Dearborn) Douglas. He d. in 1896 in N. Y. 

6th. Charles E., b. in 1859 in Westford, m. Ethie Schofield 
in 1896. They live in California. 

7th. Fred, b. 1867, m. Blanche Ashton in 1896. No chil- 
dren. They live in California. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 455 

EDWARDS FAMILY. 

By C. H. Hayden. 

Avery Wilbert Edwards with his family moved into Jericho 
from Shelburne, Vt., Mar. 4, 1885. He was b. in Richmond, Vt., 
Feb. 24, 1848, the son of Sophia Burr and George Edwards. He 
m. Sept. 10, 1865, Frances E., dau. of Eunice Manwell and Saf- 
ford Towers of Richmond, Vt. To them have been b. 10 children, 
eight of whom are living. 

(1) EUis B., b. Apr. 19, 1867, d. Dec. 23, 1898. 

(2) Emma R., b. Oct. 30, 1869, now living with her mother 
in the old homestead. 

(3) Charles S., b. Dec. 25, 1871, who m. Abbie Atchinson 
of Barre. They have one son, Howard. 

(4) Maude G., b. Jan. 30, 1873, who m. B. M. Thurston of 
North Conway, N. H. No children. 

(5) Earl H., b. Apr. 6, 1875, who m. Lena Kesler of Wor- 
cester, Mass., and they have two children, Gladys and Helen. 

(6) Marion F., b. Jan. 1, 1878, who m. W. S. Payne of 
Cambridge, Vt., and they have three children, Melba, Frances 
and Blanche. 

(7) Grace L., b. July 27, 1880, m. W. H. Grace of Starks- 
boro, Vt., and they have two children, Stuart and Robert. 

(8) Harold R., b. May 12, 1885, and d. May 5, 1906. 

(9) Doris L., b. July 27, 1887, who m. Max C. Bessey of 
Burlington, Vt., and they have one child, Virginia. 

(10) Clark B., b. June 4, 1890. Mr. Avery Edwards d. 
in Jericho, Vt., Feb. 17, 1912. Mr. Edwards was a soldier, and 
dealt very extensively in cattle and farm produce, and was con- 
sidered a good business man. 

THE ELDRIDGE FAMILY. 

By S. H. Barnum. 

Lyman W. Eldridge was b. in Broome, Canada, in 1862. His 
grandfather was Stephen and his father Lewis Jackson Eldridge. 
Lyman had three brothers, Lovell J., Geo. W. and Dennis H. 
He came to Jericho in 1889 and in 1891 m. Eva M. Connor, dau. 
of Gustavus A. Connor. She was b. in 1868 and d. in 1910. 



456 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

There are five living children : Mary E., b. 1892 ; Harold L., b. 
1895 and in 1915 m. Helen E. McDonald of Palmer, Mass., 
where he lives ; Clayton W., b. 1901 ; Helen M., b. 1903, and 
Lenora G., b. 1907. 

THE ELLIOT FAMILY. 
By Elizabeth H. Elliot and L. F. Wilbur. 

Daniel Elliot, direct ancestor of Dea. Elliot of Jericho, Ver- 
mont, lived at Framingham, Mass., as early as 1686. At about 
that time he m. Hannah Cloyes, dau. of Peter Cloyes of Fram- 
ingham. Of their eight children, Jonathan, their sixth child, 
b. Aug. 16, 1701, m. Lydia Harwood, of Sutton, Mass., Mar. 
25, 1726. Jonathan, the oldest child of the above, was b. at 
Sutton, Mass., 1727. He m. April 25, 1749, Hannah Wheeler, 
of Sutton. John, the fifth child of the above Jonathan and 
Hatmah Wheeler, was b. at Sutton, Mass., January 17, 1758. 
He was three times m. and while living with his first wife— 
between 1782 and 1784 — removed from Sutton, Mass., to Croy- 
don, N. H. July, 1803, he m. for his third wife Betsey Chamber- 
lain, dau. of Ezra and Huldah (Perrin) Chamberlain. She was 
b. at Woodstock, Conn., Oct. 30, 1763. Ezra, the first child by 
this third marriage and the eighth child of John Elliot, was b. at 
Croydon, N. H., Oct. 21, 1804. John Elliot, the father of Ezra, d. 
at Croydon, Oct. 14, 1831, and his mother at Sharon, Vt., Nov. 
30, 1841. Feb. 10, 1830, Ezra m. at Cornish, N. H., EUza Hall, 

dau. of Jason and Hall, who was b. at Newport, N. H., 

Jan. 4, 1808. The children of Ezra and EUza Elliot, were Mary 
Ann b. May 8, 1832; Lucian, b. Nov. 21, 1833; Lester Hall (2), 
b. August 1, 1835; and Almira F., b. Feb. 21, 1838, at Croydon, 
N. H., from which place the family removed during the winter 
of 1840-41 to Jericho, Vt., making the latter place their per- 
manent home. Betsey Ermina, b. Dec. 21, 1843, and Ezra F. W., 
b. Aug. 3, 1850, were b. at Jericho. Lucian and Betsey Ermina 
d. in infancy. Mrs. Elliot d. March 10, 1863, and Dea. Elliot 
d. Sept. 30, 1880. 

Mary Ann, as well as her younger sister, Almira, attended 
school at Mt. Holyoke, and both were successful teachers in the 
vicinity of their home. Mary Ann d. April 3, 1870. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 457 

Lester Hall fitted for college at Essex and Johnson, was 
graduated from the University of Vermont in 1861 and from 
Union Theological Seminary of New York City in 1864. He 
was licensed to preach by the Brooklyn (N. Y.) Congregational 
Association, and commenced by supplying the pulpits of the Con- 
gregational churches of Colchester and Winooski, Vt. May 21, 
1866, he was ordained and installed as pastor of the church at 
the latter place, where he continued till 1872. In December of 
that year he began to preach at Bradford, Vt., and continued as 
pastor till the spring of 1880. After preaching three years at 
Keeseville, N. Y., he accepted the position of Secretary of the 
Vermont Bible Society, which position he continued to occupy for 
twenty-three years, or till the time of his death at Waterbury, Vt., 
July 20, 1907. While in Winooski he was superintendent of the 
public schools, and represented the town of Waterbury in the 
legislature of 1892. 

Oct. 2, 1866, he was m. at Greensboro, Vt., to Lois Maria, 
dau. of Enoch and Abigail (Cook) Tolman, who d. Feb. 6, 1871. 
Their children were Anna Maria and Henry Tolman, who both 
d. in infancy. 

He was again m. Nov. 30, 1875, at Campton, N. H., to Phoebe 
Elizabeth, dau. of Ezekiel H. and Almira (Dole) Hodgdon. Their 
son, Henry, was b. at Keeseville, N. Y., Nov. 14, 1882. He 
was graduated from the high school at Waterbury in 1900 and 
from the Edmunds High School, Burlington, Vt., in 1901, and 
entered Yale University in September of the same year. A 
few days before the beginning of his Senior year, after an 
illness of ten days, he d. at Waterbury, Sept. 1, 1904. 

Almira F., second dau. of Ezra and Eliza Elliot, was m. 
June 1, 1881, at Keeseville, N. Y., to Rev. Austin Hazen. 
From this time to the death of Mr. Hazen, May 22, 1895, their 
home was at Jericho and Richmond. On a voyage to Europe he 
became ill, died and was buried at sea. Her death occurred at 
Montpelier, Vt., Oct. 26, 1899, after a few days illness with pneu- 
monia. 

Ezra F. W., a business man, d. at Boaz, Mt. Rosa, Colorado, 
May 7, 1897, killed by a premature explosion in a mine. 

Dea. Ezra Elliot located in the south part of Jericho on a 
large farm on the road to Richmond, where Andy Johnson now 



458 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

resides. He was chosen Deacon of the Congregational church 
of Jericho Center, and was a faithful and beloved officer of the 
^ church until his death. He left a legacy for the support of 
preaching. He was a farmer and held the office of Overseer of 
the Poor of Jericho for many years. 

THE FAY FAMILY. 

By E. C. Fay. 

E. Wright Fay was b. in the house where he now resides in 
Jericho, May 16, 1887. He is a direct descendant of the John 
Fay who came from England in 1656 and settled in Sudbury, 
Mass. This John Fay's oldest son was also named John and 
lived in Marlborough, Mass. One of his sons was named 
Stephen, who afterwards became proprietor of the famous Cata- 
mount Hotel in Bennington, the headquarters of the American 
Army at the time of the battle of Bennington. His oldest son, 
John, was a Revolutionary soldier and was killed in the battle 
of Bennington. He left eight children, the oldest of whom, 
named Nathan, removed to Richmond, Vermont, and was the 
father of ten children, the oldest of whom, named John, m. 
Polly Bishop and removed to Williston. His son, Daniel B., had 
a family of three children. The oldest son. Ransom Taylor, was 
a member of the First Vermont Cavalry, Co. E, in the Civil 
War, and was killed in the Battle of Stony Creek, Va., on Wil- 
son's raid, June 19, 1864. Daniel B's other children were: El- 
lery C, and Odella. EUery C. m. the daughter of the late 
Smith Wright. EUery C. was the father of three children, viz. : 
Herbert R., who d. July 1, 1885, E. Wright and Josephine L. 
Ellery C. moved to Jericho in February, 1877, where he resided 
until March, 1910, when he moved to Essex Junction, disposing 
of his farm to his son, E. Wright Fay, the present owner and 
subject of this sketch. The said Ellery C. m. 2 Melissa Hapgood. 

THE DAVID AND ANSON FIELD FAMILY. 

By R. Burton Field. 

David Field and Lois French, his wife, came to Vermont 
from Guilford, Conn, about 1790, and settled on the hill back of 
the present Congregational church at Jericho Center. Seven 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 459 

children were b. to them: David, Henry, Anson, Lois, Eunice, 
Anna and Mary. The mother d. May 3, 1810, the father living 
until Oct. 21, 1833. 

Anson, the youngest son, and Mary lived practically all 
their lives in Jericho. Mary m. John Lyman, who was 
for so many years Town Clerk. They had four children : Sey- 
mour, Mary, Myron and a son that d. in infancy. All of this 
family have passed away. 

Anson Field was b. March 14, 1803. He received rather 
more than the ordinary education of those times. He attended 
school at Hampton Academy, Hampton, N. H., where on Dec. 1, 
1828, he and Almira R. Shaw were united in marriage and came 
to Jericho to live, first at the "Center," then at "Steam Valley," 
and last at the "Corners." There in the early 'SO's he owned the 
factory now Reavy's grist mill, and carried on an extensive 
furniture business and also manufactured starch. Nine children 
were b. to them between the years of 1832 and 1850 inclusive: 

(1) Edward Bracket Shaw, who never m., d. at Rockford, 
111., Nov. 9, 1889. 

(2) Henry M., m. Lucy Davis, who d. Sept. 21, 1874. 
They had one daughter, Emma (Mrs. Homer Holmes) who re- 
cently passed away at Burlington. In 1875 Henry M. m. for his 
second wife, Mrs. Elizabeth (Blodgett) Shaw. They had one son, 
Jed, who d. at thirteen years of age. The parents soon after 
moved to Boston, Mass. Henry M., d. May 24, 1915. 

(3) Mary A., now living in town. 

(4) Almira J., m. Scott Benson of Warren, 111. ; both have 
passed away but their two sons survive. 

(5) Anson, Jr., m. his cousin, Ellen H. Woodford. They 
have both "gone before," their two children, Clinton and Lora, 
dying in childhood. 

(6) Granville Shaw d. in infancy. 

(7) Ella H., m. Henry Golding Warren of Illinois. They 
and two of their four children. Burton and Bessie, have passed 
away. George and Myron are living. 

(8) Lucia A. lives at Marengo, Illinois. 

(9) R. Burton, m. Clara H. Levene, who d. suddenly, alone, 
on the lawn of her home at Stratford, Conn. She is buried in 
town. 



460 HISTORY OF JE3RICH0, VERMONT. 

The mother of this large family d. Oct. 13, 1856, not 
quite fifty years of age. 

On Dec. 27, 1857, the father m. Mary Jane Bliss and one 
son was b. to them: Charles S., who m. Laura Stevens, Oct. 3, 
1884. Three children have been b. to them: Burton A., Nellie 
C, and Marjory, the latter living but a few months. Anson 
Field, Sr., d. Dec. 27, 1884, and the mother of Charles S. d. 
March 27, 1885. 

Henry M., Anson and R. Burton Field, the sons of Anson 
Field, Sr., were ingenious and skilful mechanics and active 
business men. Henry M. and Anson carried on an extensive 
business at Jericho in the manufacture and sale of pumps and 
water tubing for many years, supplying the people over a wide 
territory. Henry M. also carried on a large business in the 
manufacture of chairs at the building that had formerly been 
used by George B. and William E. Oakes as a grist mill. 

THE JEDEDIAH FIELD FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

Jedediah Field came to Jericho about 1790 from Guilford, 
Conn., and settled in the southeast part of the town on or near 
where William Field now lives. Jedediah was b. in 1765 and d. 
at the age of 77 . He m. Mabel Stevens, who was b. in 1768 
and d. in 1849. Their children were: Lyman, Austin, Truman, 
Harvey, Erastus and Adeline. 

Lyman was a farmer and m. and removed to the West and 
there d. 

Austin never m. He was engaged as a soldier in the 
Battle of Plattsburg in September of 1814, and d. soon after 
reaching home following the battle. He was a farmer. 

Truman m. and was a cabinet maker. He removed to New 
York state. 

Harvey, b. 1790, d. 1868. Was a soldier in the Battle of 
Plattsburg as were his brothers, Lyman, Austin and Truman. 
He bought 25 acres of land which he began to clear of large 
maple timber doing the work the first two years without the aid 
of a team. He continued to buy land till he acquired a large 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 461 

tract in the southeast part of the town where he lived until his 
death He m. Persis Church. Their children were: 

(1) Austin, b. June 16, 1816, d. 1892, m. Sylvia Ann 
Wright, March 12, 1840. 

(2) Emerson, b. 1820, d. 1822. 

(3) Emerson 2nd, b. 1825, d. 1849. 

(4) Emily, who m. Newell Marsh and had 4 children:, 
Emerson, Edith, Edna and Eugene. 

(5) Fidelia, who m. Ralph Hodges. 

(6) Olive, who m. George Stiles and whose children were: 
Frank, Jennie and Henry. (See Stiles family). 

The children of Austin and Sylvia were : 

(a) Lydia, who m. Truman Brown, killed in the War of 
the Rebellion ; who then m. William Nealy. 

(b) Harvey, who m. Rhoda Havens and d. in Johnson in 
1914. 

(c) Wealthy, b. Apr. 16, 1847, who m. Frank Hubbard 
and lives in Rochester, Vt. 

(d) Robert E., b. July 23, 1853, d. July 2, 1911. 

(e) Ernest E., b. Oct. 2, 1859, d. Sept. 11, 1861. 

(f) William, b. Sept. 11, 1862, who lives on the old Home- 
stead. 

The Fields have been one of the reliable families of Jericho 
from the early pioneer times. 

Erastus, the 5th son of Jedediah Field, was b. in the south 
part of Jericho in 1799 and d. in 1887. He m. Maria Potter 
then of Jericho. She d. in 1875 at the age of 67 years. They 
had two children, viz. : 

Cornelia, b. in 1829, d. in 1909, and Ellen M., b. in 1835. 
Cornelia m. Ferdinand Beach, who was b. in 1820 and d. in 
1899. Late in life they moved from Jericho to Burlington where 
they both d. They were buried at Jericho. They had two chil- 
dren, Kate and Jed E. Kate, b. , m. Charles W. Vaughn 

in 1882, and they had one child, Cornelia. Jed E., b. in 1859, d. 
in 1864. Ellen M., m. Hira A. Percival of Jericho, Mar. 28, 
1855. He was b. Aug. 28, 1833, and d. in 1902. They had 
three children, viz. : George E., who d. in 1869, aged three years ; 
Harmon E., b. March 24, 1867, and Fred A., b. June 15, 1869. 
Harmon E. m. Helen M. Spaulding and they have two sons. 



462 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Fred A. m. Mary Pierce and they have two sons : George Heber 
and Donald M. 

Erastus Field, when a young man followed the business of a 
clothier, he also kept the Tavern at Jericho a short time, and 
for a time carried on a mercantile business at Westford, Vt, 
and later at Jericho Center with Fred Fletcher, and still later 
with his son-in-law, Ferdinand Beach, at Jericho Village for a 
short time, until he sold out his interest to L. B. Howe. Mr. 
Field acquired a large property and held most of the town offices 
from time to time, serving as the trial Justice of the Peace for 
many years at Jericho. His large experience as a business man 
and as a Trial Justice rendered him a capable and safe man for 
the trial of cases. 

Adeline, the only dau. of Jedediah Field, m. Charles Hubbell 
and they had three children, viz. : Ellen, Francis and Fred. For 
many years they lived near Underbill Flatts in Jericho. 

THE FISH FAMILY. 
By Wallace B. Fish and Fanny Bullock. 

David Fish, St., was a son of John Fish of England, who 
came to this country about 1730, and located in Connecticut. 
David had one brother, Nicholas, who was in the Mohawk wars 
for several years. He also had a brother, John, who located in 
Connecticut and had a family. He came to Jericho about 1786 
and m. Elizabeth Brown, a dau. of Joseph, who was captured by 
the Indians in Jericho in 1780. On going to Jericho, Mr. Brown 
left two daughters in Connecticut until he had located, after 
which they started with others for Vermont, and arrived at 
Waterbury. They learned there that their family had been cap- 
tured, and did not "proceed further, until they learned of their 
return from captivity in 1786. One daughter d. before reaching 
Jericho and was buried in what is now Richmond. Elizabeth m. 
David Fish, Sr., about 1790. They had three daughters and one 
son, David, Jr., b. in 1807. 

David, St., was called Master Fish, as he taught school 41 
terms and was at all times "master." 




Judge David Fisi-i. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 463 

He was a very strong man, standing six feet one inch, and 
was the most scientific boxer in the country, and many times prac- 
ticed his skill in school. At one time there was a family of giants 
who moved into town, two strapping big boys and three girls. 
At the commencement of the winter term they made threats of 
cleaning out the teacher the first day, if necessary they were all 
to take a hand in the mix-up. In the afternoon the largest girl 
got up and said, "Mr. Trout, may I go out?" She was told to 
"sit down," and she did, but soon was up again and repeated the 
request ; she was called out on the floor, and told that she was to 
be punished; she laughed at the Master, and he went to his 
desk and got his "blue beech"; on starting towards the girl he 
met the two brothers, one remarked that they were to put him 
out; as soon as he had made the threat he was knocked down. 
The other got the same treatment. The old settlers said "the 
girl got all that was coming to her." There was no more trouble 
in the school. He read the first Episcopal Service in Jericho. 
The father of Clark and Hoyt Bostwick was clerk of the organiza- 
tion. He spent his last days with his son, David, Jr., and d. 
in 1884; his wife d. in 1810. 

David Fish, Jr., was b. in 1807, and had a very strenu- 
ous life until he was of age. His mother d. when he was 
quite small and his father never m. again, and he was boarded 
at different places without affection or care. In his early 
days mothers had about all they could attend to, to do their 
work and see to their large families, and one can see what show 
another child would get. He had several places to live in the 
first ten years of his life. His father was not a very domestic 
man, consequently the child was never properly seen to or clothed. 
This was left to others and was never done. 

He never went to school until after he was ten years old. 
From 8 to 10 years he earned his own living with two different 
farmers, the last one mdde him milk from one to three cows 
the winter before he was ten years old, and go about one-half 
mile to a back barn and care for thirty sheep. When he was 
ten years of age, he found a home with Peter Shaw, who lived 
on the farm later owned by both Julius and Henry Hapgood, 
near Church Street. Mr. Shaw was one of the kindest men 
and made a home for several unfortunate children, as he had but 



464 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

one child, a son, who was as kind as his father and mother. 
This son had a great liking for military affairs, and received the 
title of General Orvil Shaw before he was 40 years of age. 

David, Jr. expected to grow up with Uncle Peter as he 
was called by all^of his neighbors, and Mr. Shaw also expected 
the same, but when he had Hved there four years his father took 
him away and bound him out to an uncle until he was 21 years 
of age to learn the shoemaker's trade, for a term of seven years 
at twenty dollars a year and clothe himself, or about one dollar 
and sixty-seven cents per month. After he began his time, he 
soon realized that uncles were not the most considerate people 
in the world. His hours for work were from five a. m. until 
seven p. m. For the first year of his time he never did any 
work in the shoe shop only to sweep it and build fires mornings, 
unless it was a stormy day, as his uncle had a farm that occupied 
his time, situated about one-fourth of a mile from the shop, where 
he slept in the attic of a one-story building with only one small 
window. He never had a sheet on his bed in the seven years 
that he slept there. The shop was located on Church Street. 

He had only three months regular schooling in his life (and 
this before he was ten years of age). The rest of his education 
he picked up as best he could, the most of it by lying on his 
stomach before a fireplace studying books loaned him by neigh- 
bors. 

At the expiration of his time, this generous uncle made him 
a present of seven dollars, one dollar for each year of faithful 
service. The uncle also offered to give him a recommendation to 
show which he declined with thanks. He started out for himself 
with seven dollars and one suit of poor clothes and took a job 
as foreman at his trade with Tillotson Hapgood, father of the 
late Julius and Henry Hapgood of Jericho. Two years later, 
he, with the late Hiram Booth, bought Mr. Hapgood's tanning 
and shoe business, and about two years later he bought Mr. 
Booth's interest and conducted the business alone until his death 
in 1876. He was twice m., first to Fannie I. Hutchins, 
a daughter of Dr. Eleazer and Betsey Hollenbeck Hutchins of 
Jericho. By this union there were two sons b., Hiram Booth 
Fish and Wallace Brown Fish ; both were b. in Jericho and 
spent their early days there. Hiram m. Miss Ella Dow of 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 465 

Jericho ; he served in our Civil War as lieut. in Co. A, 7 Vt. Vol. 
He contracted a southern fever that he never fully recovered 
from, and he d. in Springfield, Mass., leaving one daughter, 
Grace I. Fish, who m. C. C. Battey. They have two sons 
and one dau., Hiram Fish, Hoyt Howard, and Mary Van 
Camp, and they all reside in East Brookfield, Mass. Wallace 
Brown has lived in Springfield since 1877. He m. Miss 
Clara H. Chilson of the same city. They have no children. He 
enlisted the same time that his brother did and was inspected out. 
He was Deputy Sheriff under the late J. C. Griffin of Chittenden 
Co., Vt., and was his confidential assistant at the jail in Bur- 
lington at the time of Mr. Griffin's death. He is president of 
the Bullock Mfg. Assoc., of Springfield, Mass. David Fish, Jr., 
after the death of his wife, Fannie, m. her sister, Betsey 
L. Hutchins; by this marriage they had one daughter, Fannie 
that survived them; she m. Orvis W. Bullock of Springfield, 
Mass., who d. in 1905; she resides in Springfield, Mass., and 
conducts his extensive business with her brother, Wallace B. 

David Fish, Jr., was a self-made man and had at all times 
great sympathy for young people who tried to get along in the 
world. He was the adviser of many people. He had a per- 
sonality that made friends and kept them. 

He held many elective offices both in his native town and 
county. He was associate judge, represented his town as legis- 
lator in 1845 and 1846, was selectman, and several times town 
grand juror. He was justice of the peace twenty-four years, 
and delegate to both state and county conventions many times, 
and was often chosen to preside over different conventions and 
gatherings in politics. He was a Henry Clay Whig, and a re- 
publican all of his life. He was almost a worshipper of Abra- 
ham Lincoln. 

He never was a member of any church, but donated to, and 
affiliated with all, yet attended the M. E. Church most. 

He was a great lover of out-door-life, and of nature. His 
charity and benevolence were abundant. Oftentimes families 
were fitted out with boots and shoes in the fall of the year when 
he knew the chances were small for getting anything for them. 
He would often remark that he remembered his first pair of new 
boots; it was when he was fifteen years old. He had a tender 



466 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

feeling for poor children, and believed that' it was the duty of 
people to do more for them, as^ small amount of charity properly 
bestowed perhaps would tide them over the point that decided 
their future for the better. He was one of the least selfish men 
of his age. 

Mrs. Fannie Fish Bullock adds that : 

He was favorably mentioned for the office of Lieut. Gover- 
nor to run with Hiland Hall of Bennington in 1858. Being en- 
tirely self-educated, he feared he might not be able to fill all the 
requirements of the office satisfactorily to his constituents, and 
so he refused to accept the nomination. While serving as county 
judge his good offices were always at the disposal of anyone in 
trouble. It used to be said that "Judge Fish broke up more 
good law-suits than any one living," as he usually managed to 
make the contestants settle their trouble out of court. As I re- 
member my father no words could better describe him than the 
following definition of a gentleman: "A man who is clean, in- 
side and out, who looks neither up to the rich nor down on the 
poor; who could lose without whining, and win without boast- 
ing; who was considerate of women, old people, and children; 
too brave to He, and too generous to cheat; who took his share 
of the world and let others take theirs." — Such was David Fish. 
R. B. Fish says of him : "There was nothing artificial about him, 
his dignity and grace were as natural as his breath. Before the 
days of the professional undertaker it was expected that he 
would 'take charge' of all funerals, and how smoothly it was 
done until the casket rested 'low in the ground' and he raised his 
gloved hand to the writer in the old belfry to let the bell cease 
tolling." 

THE FITZGERALD FAMILY. 

By C. H. Hayden. 

Patrick H. Fitzgerald purchased the Henry Hale farm in 
1891. He was the son of Michael and Catherine Brown Fitz- 
gerald, long time residents of Underbill, Vt., who came early in 
life from Limerick, Ireland. Patrick H. was b. in Underbill, Vt., 
Mar. 9, 1866. He was elected selectman of Jericho and was 
school director of the Underbill Graded School District. He 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 467 

met with a painful accident while caring for his horses one 
moKning, and d. the following day, Jan. 15, 1913. 

Michael J. Fitzgerald a brother of Patrick H. was b. Feb. 11, 
1868 in Underbill, Vt. Michael bought the Elijah Reed farm, 
Jan. 8, 1897, since which time he has resided in town. The 
brothers operated their farms together making a great success 
of farming. Their sugar orchard was one of the largest in town 
and finely equipped. 

The farm owned by Patrick is now the possession of Han- 
nah Bessey, a sister somewhat younger, who with her brother 
Michael lives in the old homestead. 

THE FITZSIMONDS FAMILY. 
By S. H. Bamum. 

The parents of John Fitzsimonds were b. in Newry, County 
Down, Ireland, and came to this country together in 1857. The 
father was James Fitzsimonds, b. Nov. 1, 1831, m. Feb. 12, 1854 
Bridget Maguire, who was b. Oct. 15, 1827. He located in Un- 
derbill and she for a time visited relatives in Sandusky, Ohio. In 
1860 she joined him at Underbill where they lived the remainder 
of: their lives. She d. Apg- 2, 1900, and he Oct. 9, 1912. Their 
children were : 

(1) John William, b. at Sandusky, Ohio, Oct. 29, 1857. 
When 21 years of age he came to Jericho and worked two years 
for D. Miles Ransom at the place where he now resides. He 
went back to Underbill and on May 10, 1881, m. Sarah Smith, 
who was b. in that town April 9, 1857. A year later he came to 
the old Solomon Lee farm where he lived for 33 years, and then 
bought the D. M. Ransom farm of E. H. Smith. The children 
of John and Sarah were all b. in Jericho and were : 

(a) Andrew John, b. Sept. 29, 1885. Lives on his father's 
former farm. 

(b) Sarah Anna, b. March 12, 1887. (See Teachers). 

(c) Grace Agnes, b. June 20, 1889, m. Thomas H. Moran 
of Jericho in Richmond Nov. 15, 1915. (See Teachers). 

(d) Mary Elizabeth, b. Dec. 22, 1892, d. Dec. 5, 1895. 

(e) James Smith, b. March 15, 1895. 

(f) Mark Leo, b. Jan. 31, 1899. 



468 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

(2) George Lewis, b. in Underbill Oct. 17, 1861. Is care- 
taker for Mr. Brooks in Burlington. 

(3) Lizzie Ann, b. in Underbill Aug. 18, 1866, m. George 
White of Jericbo. (See George H. Wbite family). 

(4) James Tbomas, b. in Underbill July 9, 1868. Lives on 
the old Mead farm in Underbill. 

THE FLYNN FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

William Flynn and bis wife were b. in County Westmeath, 
Irelknd. He m. Margaret Casey, the dau. of James Casey. They 
bad ten children, viz.: James, Patrick, John, Edward, Peter, 
Mary, Frank, Anna, Willie and Patrick 2nd. 

(1) James m. Lizzie Burns and they had four children 
that lived to adult age : Annie, Willie, Gertrude and Maggie. 

(2) The first Patrick d. at the age of 21 years. 

(3) John, b. 1851, d. in 1900 in Jericbo, unm. 

(4) Edward, b. 1858, lives in Jericho and is unm. 

(5) Peter, b. 1860, m. Mary Laflasb and they have one 
son, Frank, b. in 1896, and live in Jericho. 

(6) Mary, b. in 1861, d. at the age of 39 years. She m. 
John Spellman, who d. in 1891. They had one son, John, b. in 
1891. She m. 2 William Nattress, and d. in 1900 leaving one 
child by her second husband, Annie, b. 1899. 

(7) Frank, b. 1869, d. in 1896, unm. 

(8) Anna, m. George Herrick. They have no children. 

(9) Willie m. Tassie Smith and has two children. 

(10) Patrick, 2nd, h. 1878. 

THE FORD FAMILY. 

By Evaline Ford Nealy. 

With the removal of the forests and the coming of the plow, 
the hoe, the scythe and the rake, the sowing and reaping, and 
the building of better bouses, combined with a lack of markets 
and the long distance to travel to obtain the required tools, and 
with every stream a small waterpower waiting to help in the 
building up of the little commonwealth, there came another class 




Addison Milton Ford. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 469 

of settlers, the carpenters and mechanics, blacksmiths, wheel- 
wrights, etc. 

Among these new settlers was Abram Ford who, with his 
brother, Elisha, came from Pomfret, Connecticut, in about 1803. 
Elisha settled in Braintree, Vt., and afterwards came to Mont- 
peliec to live with Washington Ford and d. there. 

Abram Ford settled in Jericho. He was the father of 
eleven children. His son, Milton Ford, was b. in Pomfret 
Connecticut, April 10, 1794. He was a carpenter and builder 
by trade, and many of the old houses in this and adjoining towns 
were erected by him. Among them is the Warren Ford house 
in Essex, now owned by H. H. Day, the Governor Chittenden 
house in Jericho, and the John Schillhammer and Albert By- 
ington houses near his own home. He could stand in his front 
door and count thirty buildings he had erected. Perhaps here, it 
would not be amiss to mention his work in 1816, now known as 
the "starving year." At that time wheat was fifty cents a 
bushel, and while building a house in Essex, he agreed to pay 
for each week's board the value of a bushel of wheat. In March 
he worked in his shirtsleeves, in June corn was eight or ten 
inches high when a foot of snow came. So cold was it, that he 
had to work with overcoat and mittens on. The wheat crop 
was a failure that year as well as other farm products, and he 
paid four dollars a week for his board. Needless to say, he did 
not make his fortune that summer. 

In 1838 he built a machine shop on the Ford farm and a 
foundry in 1841. Work came to these shops from towns as far 
north as Hyde Park and Morrisville. The biggest cast was a 
potash kettle weighing 728 pounds. These shops were run by 
him until his son, Addison M., was m. 

In the foundry was cast the historic cannon of Jericho in 
1844. This cannon was a source of great dispute and strife 
between the "Corner and Center" boys, and to stop the endless 
warfare between the two factions, it was buried for many years 
on the Bartlett-Stone farm, but was accidentally found and used 
for a number of years on the 4th of July. It has since been 
consigned to an humble resting place in the ground. 

In 1845 Milton Ford, with three others, built a starch factory 
on Mill Brook, but he and his brother-in-law, John T. Clapp, 
31 



470 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

bought and ran the factory, and afterwards he owned it all; 
some years using as many as four thousand bushels of potatoes. 
The starch was drawn to Burlington and from there sent to 
New York. 

Milton Ford made many threshing machines, fanning mills, 
iron work for starch factories and saw mills, and some years 
as many as a hundred plows. 

Addison M. Ford ran the shops until December, 1872. He 
has invented a number of machines, a waterwheel which was 
used for many years, a planer for Venetian lath, a machine for 
making snuff dips, one for boring pipe stems, and a boring 
machine for shade rollers and for making nearly every part of 
shade rolls. These machines are now in use in all the Harts- 
horn shade roller shops. With the coming of railroads and the 
growth of cities, the call foV more agricultural products, and 
the cheapening of manufactures by producing in large quantities 
by use of steam and electricity, the small waterpowers of our 
beautiful town are lying idle until the time, which we hope is not 
far distant, they will again be harnessed up and the "white coal" 
will furnish light and power to each and every farm and village 
home, that the ever increasing labors of the farm may be dimin- 
ished and make more comfortable and happy the beautiful life 
in the country of which we are all so fond. 

Abram Ford was b. in Connecticut in 1764. He m. Sarah 
Ingalls in 1788. He d. in 1813 and his wife in 1833. The eleven 
children were Sophia, Alvin, Warren, Milton, Sally who m. 1 
a Church and 2 a Seabury, AUethea, Harvey, Chloe, who m. 
John Clapp, Sophia, Lovina, who m. Ezra Chamberlin, and 
Amanda, who m. Harrison Webster. 

Of these Milton, spoken of earlier in this sketch, m. 1 
Amanda Bliss in 1820, who d. in 1833. They had seven children, 
Emily, b. 1821, who m. John Woodruff in 1845, and d. in 1906 
Evaline, b. 1823, who m. Thomas Rhodes in 1848, and d. in 1882 
Mary, b. 1826, who m. Jason Rogers in 1853, and d. in 1898 
Addison M., b. 1828; Clark, b. 1830, who m. Adaline Hapgood, 
and d. in 1901 ; Norman, b. 1832, d. 1871 ; and a son who d. in 
infancy. These children, except Addison and Norman, found 
homes in other towns. Milton m. 2 Maria Ingalls in 1835, who 
d. in 1880. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 471 

Addison M., m. Julia Mansfield in Brasher, N. Y., Jan. 1, 
1852. She was b. in 1821 and d. in 1901. There were three chil- 
dren, Silas, who lived one month; Emma, and Evaline, who m. 
Irvin M. Nealy, Jan. 1, 1906. (See teachers). Addison M., d. 
Oct., 1914. Emma, d. Feb., 1916. 

THE FOSTER FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

The first Foster of which I have any information is Lot 
Foster, who was b. in England and came to Jericho many years 
ago. He m. an Ames. They both d. and were buried at Jericho 
Center in the old cemetery. They had six children, viz. : Milo 
A., Ransom, Ranselier, Betsey, Philena, and Clarissa. The three 
girls m. 

(1) Milo A., b. 1808, d. 1888, m. Minerva, the dau. of 
Nathan Smith of Jericho. She was b. in 1829 and d. in 1881. 
They had five children, viz.: Edna, Byron, George W., Ella 
and Nettie. 

(1) Edna, b. 1857, m. Albert Cilley in 1876 and d. 1911. 

(2) Byron, d. when seven years of age. 

(3) George W., b. 1854, m. Abbie M. Davis (see Smith 
family) in 1876. They have five children, viz.: (a) Edna E., 
b. 1876, m. Fred W. Buxton in 1895. He was b. in 1868. They 
have six children : Mildred, Clayton F., Donald W., Raymond W., 
Delbert B., and Helen M. (b) Fred J., b. 1878, m. Delia Papean 
in 1910. (c) Warren E., b. 1890, d. at the age of three years, 
(d) Sadie M., b. 1891. (e) Wright C, b. 1902. 

(4) Ella, b. 1857, m. Amos Hartwell. They have one 
child, Ralph, and live in Montpelier. 

(5) Nettie, b. 1861, m. Sidney Johnson in 1891 and has one 
child, Melvina. 

THE JASPER FOSTER FAMILY. 

By C. H. Hayden. 

Jasper Eugene Foster, son of Roswell and Julia Horner 
Foster, was b. July 6, 1870. Mr. Roswell Foster was b. in Jer- 
icho Mar. 6, 1838, and lived in town many years as did his father 
before him. Jasper Eugene Foster m. Winifred Batchelder, dau. 



472 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

of Albert and Permelia Pratt Batchelder June 25, 1904. Their 
two children are: 

(1) Clarence Batchelder, b. July 4, 1906. 

(2) Ethelyn Grace, b. July 1, 1910. 

Mr. Jasper Foster moved to Jericho from Johnson, Vt., in 
April, 1911, assuming personally the management of the Under- 
bill Feed Mills, which he had owned for several years. 

THE FRENCH FAMILY. 

By Emma Bicknell. 

Didymus French, b. in 1741, came from Guilford, Conn., in 
1802, and bought the farm now owned by Burke Brown of 
Rev. Ebenezer Kingsbury, who was the pastor of the Congre-. 
gational church at Jericho Center for many years. A part of 
the house was built by Didymus French. He and his wife, 
Jerusha lived in Jericho until they d. She was b. in 1747 and 
d. in 1806. They had four children: Samuel, Adin, Beulah 
and Jerusha. 

(1) Samuel, m. Thankful Meigs before he came to Jer- 
icho. They came from Connecticut to Jericho' about March, 
1795, with an ox team and sled, bringing their household goods, 
their entire possessions thereon, and lived for a time in an 
old log house owned by the Chapins, till they could buy some 
land for a home that they could call their own. He was b. in 

1768 and d. in 1826, and his wife Thankful Meigs was b. in 

1769 and d. in 1827. They had six children, viz.: Luman, 
Sally, Orpha, Jerusha, Russell and Emma. 

Luman, m. Clarissa Porter and lived several years on the 
farm owned by his grandfather, Didymus French, moving thence 
to Franklin Falls, N. Y., where he d. at the age of 96 years. 

Sally, m. Warren Ford of Jericho. They later lived in 
Essex and Colchester. 

Orpha, m. Ira Leet ; they lived and d. in New Hampshire. 

Jerusha, m. Ephraim Stiles. They had four sons: George, 
Adin, Osman and Judson. After her husband's death she m. 
2 Josiah Townsend. 

Emma, m. Dana Bicknell. (See the Bicknell family.) 

(2) Adin, son of Didymus, m. and moved to Pompey,' 
Onondaga Co., N. Y. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 473 

(3) Beulah, m. Lester Whitten. (He had a son by a 
former marriage by the name of Henry.) They had one dau., 
Wealtha, who d. while a young woman. 

(4) Jerusha, m. George Butts. They had three children: 
Joseph Albert, Beulah, and Densy Thankful. 

Soon after Samuel French came to JerichOj he, on the 
17th day of March, 1795, bid off at public vendue 100 acres of 
land, lot 25 in Jericho, for the sum of six shillings. The land 
was sold by Collector Thomas D. Rood to pay taxes that had 
been assessed against the town of Jericho. 

Russell French and his ancestors resided in school district 
No. 2. Business has changed in that locality. A short distance 
south of where the French family lived there was a small col- 
lection of houses, two blacksmith shops and a factory, and it 
has been named and known as Muttonville. About the year 
1820 there was a mill built on Mill Brook near that place, where 
people brought the cloth manufactured on their handlooms to 
be fulled and pressed. This mill was operated by a Mr. Reed. 
The mill was later made into a starch factory that purchased 
potatoes at 12 cents per bushel and manufactured them into 
starch. The building was afterwards owned by Dea. John T. 
Clapp and son, RoUin M. Later Henry Woodford put in a 
turning lathe for woodwork, and RoUin M. Clapp manufactured 
hand rakes, being succeeded by Augustus S. Wood, who manu- 
factured rakes, mop handles, clothes bars and many other kinds 
of useful wood articles. The factory and shops have been 
destroyed by fire or taken down, and no business is done there 
at the present time. 

Russell was b. in 1805, and d. in 1882, at Jericho. He m. 
Betsey Richardson. She was b. in 1808, and d. in 1830. He 
m. 2 Minerva Brinsmaid. She was b. in 1807, and d. in 1887. 
They had two children, viz. : Warren F. French, b. in 1837, d. 
in 1909, who m. Kate McDonald; and Albertine B. French, b. 
in 1840, d. in 1901, who m. A. Sanford Lee, in 1872. He was 
b. in 1836, and d. in 1879, serving as a marine in the War of 
the Rebellion. He served as the constable of Jericho several 
years, and represented the town in the legislature for the years 
1870 and 1871. 



474 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

DARWIN GALLATIN FRENCH. 

The French family trace their family tree to Edward French, 
born in England, who settled first in Ipswich, Mass., and after- 
wards became one of the original settlers of Salisbury, Mass. He 
was a prominent member of the community, one of the prudential 
men of 1646 and paid the third heaviest tax in Salisbury for 
many years. 

Darwin Gallatin French is the son of Levi and Lois Morse 
(Hoit) French. He was born in Underbill, Vermont, on May 14, 
1845. His parents came from Enfield and Canaan, New Hamp- 
shire, and settled at an early date in Underbill, where they became 
successful and respected farmers. 

He had all the advantages of education in district schools and 
academies usual to farmers' boys at that time, and after a course 
at Bryant & Stratton's Commercial College in Burlington, at the 
age of 19 years, he was ambitious to become a merchant. 

After two years' experience in New York, he returned to 
Underbill and bought the "White Store" at the Flats, and com- 
menced a commercial career. 

November 2nd, 1869, he married Miss Emma L. Mead and 
built a home near the store, in Jericho, where they resided eleven 
years, afterwards removing to his ancestral farm in Under- 
bill, combining merchandizing and farming until 1885, when on 
the death of his partner, Mr. Wait Hurlburt, the business was 
discontinued. 

Both Jericho and Underbill honored Mr. French with various 
offices, he being postmaster at the Flats, 14 years; also repre- 
sented Underbill in the Legislature of 1882. 

In 1886 he removed to New York City and secured employ- 
ment with Lord & Taylor in their wholesale department in a 
minor capacity, later becoming superintendent of the wholesale 
business, and given power of attorney for the firm. 

In 1897 Mr. French was elected a director of the Arnold 
Print Works of North Adams, Mass., one of the largest and most 
successful cloth printing corporations in the country, giving con- 
stant employment to more than 1,000 people. 

He was elected vice-president of the company in 1913 and 
president in 1915, is a member of the Merchants Club and Repub- 




Daewin Gallatin French. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO. VERMONT. 475 

lican Club of the City of New York, and for many years presi- 
dent of the board of trustees of the West-Park Presbyterian 
Church, which supports two other associate churches at an an- 
nual expense of about $35,000.00. 

By his own efforts Mr. French has advanced himself to a 
position wherein he is justly entitled to be numbered among the 
more notable citizens of the Empire City. 

His daughters Ethel Lillian, married Albert L. Stearns, 
president of The Roy Watch Case Co., New York, and Inez Enid, 
married Daniel Oliver Towl, superintendent of Standard Oil Co. 
of New Jersey. They have two children, Janet French Towl 
and John French Towl. 

THE FULLER FAMILY. 
By Mary E. (Fuller) Mead and L. F. Wilbur. 

Daniel F. Fuller, b. in 1811, in Lyme, N. H., d. at Burling- 
ton in 1896. His wife. Prudence Baxter, was b. at Richmond, 
Vt., 1814, and d. in 1896 at Underbill. They were m. in 1838 
and came to Jericho in 1861, and located in the eastern part of 
the town on the farm purchased by D. W. Doncaster. Daniel 
F. Fuller's brothers and sisters were Joseph, Eliza, Mary and 
Horace. 

The children of Daniel F. and Prudence B. were: Alan- 
son, b. in 1839; Fred A., b. in 1842; William J., b. in 1844; 
Daniel L., b. in 1849; Mary E., b. in 1851; Hiram J., b. in 
1852; Edith C. and Edna A., twins, b. in 1856. 

Alanson, m. Martha Sabin in 1858. They had two children, 
viz.: Martha E., b. in 1859; and Frederick N., b. in 1861. 
Alanson enlisted in Co. E, 7th Regiment of Vt. Vol., in the 
war of 1861 and d. of fever at the Regimental Hospital in Baton 
Rouge, La., Aug. 3, 1862. A pension was granted his widow. 
His son, Frederick N., m. Alice Martin of Jericho and they 
have ten children, viz.: Sidney, b. in 1884; Carl, b. in 1887 
Minnie, b. in 1889; Grover, b. in 1892; Robert, b. in 1894 
Howard, b. in 1896; Mildred, b. in 1898; Frank, b. in 1898 
Dewey, b. in 1901, and Euretta, b. in 1912. All were b. in 
Jericho. 

Sidney, m. Celia Ryan in New York in 1910. 



476 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Minnie, m. H. R. Allen, who d. in 1914 leaving two children. 

Frederick A. Fuller, m. Laura Alice Bicknell in 1867. They 
had three children, viz. : Grace, b. in 1869, d. in 1895 ; Gertrude, 
b. in 1875, d. in 1893; Laura, b. in 1878, d. in infancy. Alice, 
the mother, d. 1882. Frederick A. m. 2 Martha Gushing in 
1884. She was b. in 1862. They have no children. He has 
been a farmer and has lived in Jericho nearly all his life. 

William J. Fuller, m. Senelda (Choate) Martin in 1866. 
They had two children, viz.: Carrie, who m. E. W. Henry; 
and Maud, who m. William Hopkins, 2 Walter Stanley Brown. 

Daniel L., m. Cynthia Cunningham in 1871. He was 
drowned at Cambridge, Vt. in 1873. They had one child, Daniel, 
who d. in 1904. 

Mary E., m. Henry J. Mead in 1871. They have had two 
children: Emma A., who d. young; and Henry Carl, b. 1878, 
who m. Florence McGibbon of Jericho. They live in Underbill 
and have three children: Carleton C, Seth W., and Marion E. 

Hiram J. Fuller, m. Ida Saxby in 1875; and m. 2. Lettie 
Fuller, dau. of Willard Fuller who formerly lived in Jericho. 
They had four children: Willard, Wayne, Floyd and Max. He 
m. 3 Lovisa Gushing Rogers. 

Edith Fuller, m. HoUis H. Smith of Jericho in 1874 and d. 
in 1898. They had two children, viz. : Perley and Edna. 

Edna A. Fuller, dau. of Daniel F. and Prudence B., m. 
Rev. Preston Bicknell in 1874, and d. in 1886. They had one 
child, Edith, who m. Sidney Norton in 1914. 

GAINES FAMILY. 

By C. H. Hayden. 

William Henry Gaines, son of Austin G. and Mary Lansing 
Gaines, was b. Mar. 9, 1857, in Addison, Vt. He m. Louisa 
Valena Gauthier, dau. of Luke Westley and Emily Gauthier of 
Middlebury, Vt. Three children were b. to them : 

(1) Dolard Eldee, b. Jan. 2, 1888, and d. in 1906. 

(2) Doris Evelyn, b. July 20, 1890, who m. Jay Freeman 
Haynes. Mr. Haynes was b. Nov. 16, 1877, at North Hero, Vt. 

(3) Gordon Arthur, b. Dec. 15, 1901, and d. June 19, 1902. 
Mr. Gaines moved to Jericho Sept. 1, 1897. He is a black- 
smith and wheelwright. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 477 

GALLUP FAMILY. 
By C. H. Hayden. 

Edgar J. Gallup, son of David T. and Augusta Richmond 
Gallup, was b. Oct. 29, 1855. David T. was b. in 1826, and Au- 
gusta in 1828. Edgar Gallup's maternal grandfather Lewis Rich- 
mond served in the War of 1812 and was wounded. Aug. 16, 1874, 
at North Troy, Vt., Edgar Gallup and Anna J. Blair were m. 
Her parents came from Carmony, Ireland, where Anna was b. 
Sept. 27, 1851. 

Five children have been b. to them : 

(1) William J., b. at North Troy June 21, 1875, who m. 
1 Wilma Briggs Sept. 18, 1901. One son, Melbourn J., was 
b. at Sparta, Minn., Dec. 15, 1902. 

William m. 2 Emma D. Ricker Sept. 18, 1907, who was 
b. Dec. 25, 1878. 

(2) Margaret E. was b. May 12, 1878, and m. H. G. Jones 
Aug. 14, 1897. Three children have been b. to them : 

Theodore E., b. May 6, 1901. 

Lule H., b. Jan. 15, 1903. 

. Raymond J., b. June 17, 1906. 

" (1 3) David A. was b. Feb. 4, 1884. David is associated with 
his gather in the hardware business. 

(4) Sadie J. was b. March 29, 1886, at Berkshire, Vt., and 
m. H. F. Ross Feb. 17, 1906. They have three children : 

Charlene F. was b. May 12, 1907. 
Scott was b. Apr. 2, 1908. 
Muriel Annie was b. Oct. 9, 1912. 

(5) Minnie G. was b. Feb. 2, 1888, at Richford, Vt. June 
26, 1907, she m. S. E. Humphrey. Four children have been b. 
to them: 

Eunice Helen was b. Feb., 1908. 

Kenneth B. was b. Apr. 25, 1910. ■ 

Donald C. was b. July 8, 1912. 

Loomis K. was b. Oct. 6, 1914. 

Mr. Edgar J. Gallup has been in the hardware business in the 
township of Jericho for several years, and is just completing a 
new business block. 



478 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

THE GALUSHA FAMILY. 
By Mrs. B. C. Hawley and L. F. Wilbur. 

The father of Jonas Galusha was Jacob Galusha of Preston, 
Conn. Jonas lived in Shaftsbury, Vt., and was b. in Connecti- 
cut in 1751. He m. Mary, the fifth dau. of Governor Thomas 
Chittenden. He represented the town of Shaftsbury seven 
years ; was sheriflf of Bennington County one year ; twelve years 
state councilor; judge of Bennington County court; Judge of 
the Supreme Court, and nine years Governor of this state. He 
held the latter office from 1809 to 1819 inclusive, except two in- 
tervening years (1813 and 1814) held by Martin Chittenden. 
These two Governors, brothers-in-law, were opposed in politics 
and were rival candidates for that office, Martin Chittenden 
a Whig, and Jonas Galusha a Republican, as political parties 
were then divided. 

Jonas and Mary had five children. Truman Galusha, their 
son, b. in 1786 at Shaftsbury m. Lydia Loomis of the same 
place in 1809. Their children were Truman C, Russell Loomis, 
and Julia Ann. 

Truman Galusha, m. 2, 1819 Hannah, the only dau. of Noah 
Chittenden, and removed to Jericho about 1824 where he re- 
mained till his death in 1859. Their children were Rollin M., 
Ellen, Clarissa and Lydia. Russell Loomis, Julia Ann, Rollin 
M., and Ellen were born in Shaftsbury. Lydia never m. Julia 
m. Charles Avery of Randolph and soon after they moved to 
Ohio where she d. 

Truman C. Galusha, b. in 1810, d. in 1894, m. Beulah Butts, 
and they had one child, Edna, who was b. in 1838 and d. in 
1911. She m. Harlow N. Percival and they had three children. 
Truman C. m. 2 Angeline O. Bishop, b. in 1822, d. in 1907, and 
their children were: Albert, Jonas, Rufus B., and Lydia. 

(1) Albert, b. in 1850, d. in 1879, leaving a son, Albert, 
who m. Isabel Cochran. 

(2) Jonas D., b. in 1848, d. in 1902. 

(3) Rufus B., b. in 1855, m. Myra E. Wilson. They have 
two children, Don L., b. in 1881 ; and Ora W., b. in 1883. Rufus 
B. resided in Jericho till about 1900, when he moved to Royalton, 
Vt., and while living there represented that town in the General 




Tkuman Galusha. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 479 

Assembly, then moved to Winchester, Mass. He was an active 
business man. He d. in 1914 and is buried at Jericho. 

(4) Lydia E. was b. in 1858, and m. Dr. D. F. Estes of 
Colgate University, Hamilton, N. Y. 

I Rollin M. Galusha, b. in 1820 at Shaftsbury, Vt., m. Julia 
Bottom. She d. in 1857. They had two children, Charles, who 
d. in infancy, and George, b. 1858, who d. in 1874. Rollin m. 2 
Caroline McEwen at Lawrenceville, N. Y., in 1870. She was 
b. in 1837 and d. in 1888. He d. in 1886. They had three chil- 
dren, viz: 

(1) Julia Ann, b. in 1871, who m. Irving B. Whitcomb in 
1890. 

(2) Ethel Alena, b. 1873, who m. Burton C. Hawley in 
1894, and has four children, viz. : (a) Reginald Galusha, b. in 
1896 ; (b) Donald Wheelock, b. in 1902 ; (c) Doris Caroline, b. in 
1904; and (d) Rollin Galusha McEwen, b. in 1907. 

(3) Louise Chittenden, b. 1878, m. Charles H. Mower of 
Burlington in 1899. They have one son, Emory Chittenden, b. 
1905. 

II Ellen M., the dau. of Truman and Hannah, was b. in 
1824, and m. George P. Howe ; they have two children : Mary and 
Lillie. 

III Clarissa was b. in 1826 and d. in 1890. She m. Lucian 
B. Howe and they had three children : Harmon G., Frank B., and 
Lucian C. (See the Howe family). 

Truman Galusha, who came to town in 1824, took a deep 
interest in everything pertaining to its welfare, and was one 
of the wealthiest and most prominent citizens of the town, and 
occupied the most responsible civil stations. He was a farmer, 
and a firm adherent and supporter of the Baptist Church of the 
village. 

His son, Rollin M. Galusha, was a prosperous farmer and 
enjoyed the confidence of the people of the town, as was evi- 
denced by his frequent election to many responsible positions. 

THE GIBSON FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur and Robert White. 

Robert Gibson and his wife, Jan McCaham, were b. in Ireland 
and were m. there. Both d. in Jericho. They had five children, 
four girls and one son, viz.: Mary, Lucinda, Isabel G., and 



480 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Matilda, the three last b. in Jericho; the son William J. was b. 



Mary m. Rufus Tubbs of Essex, Vt. 

William J., m. Eva Titus of Wolcott, Vt. They had two chil- 
dren. One d. in infancy and the other was Jessie. William J., 
d. in Massachusetts in 1913. 

Isabel G., m. Ethelbert Selden. 

Robert Gibson was an honest and industrious man and lived 
on Lee River where he carried on the shoemaking trade for 
many years. His house and shop were, after his death, burned. 
William J. followed the trade of his father. 

THE GLEASON FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

Roswell Gleason was one of the early settlers of Jericho, 
coming here from Connecticut. He m. Polly Fay, sister of 
Rev. Edward Fay, a Free Will Baptist minister, May 5, 1812. 
They had six children, of whom three lived to adult age : Albert, 
b. 1815; Huldah, b. 1822; Hannah, b. 1824. Polly d. 1831, and 
Roswell m. her sister, Millicent, in 1832. She d. 1834 and he 
m. 3 Olive Bicknell Orr, Mar. 31, 1835. Their dau., Mary, b. 
1838, m. Fernando Powell and they lived at Underbill Center 
till he d. in 1900. She lives now in Jericho. No children. Ros- 
well d. in 1841 and Olive in 1875. 

Albert, son of Roswell and Polly, m. Betsey Fay in 1839. 
Two children survived infancy: 

(1) Irving R., b. 1849, m. Elva Libby May 13, 1873. Six 
children grew to maturity: 

(a) Albert I., b. 1875, m. Bertha A. Brown, of Essex, 
Mar. 26, 1906, and has two children : Albert I. Jr., b. 1907, and 
Rena b. 1909. 

(b) Olin S., b. 1878. Went to Wyoming. 

(c) Ray A., m. Iva Hutchinson. They live in Montgom- 
ery and have five children. 

(d) Bernie E., b. 1881. In Kansas. 

(e) Luna E., b. 1892. 

(f) Burr R., b. 1897. Luna and Burr are in Jericho. 

(2) Eveline, b. 1853, m. Oliver J. Lowrey, d. 1912. (See 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 481 

Lowrey family). Betsey, mother of Irving and Eveline, m. 2 
Byron Mathews and both are dead. Irving d. in 1913. 

THE GLOYD FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

Jesse Gloyd, b. 1770, d. 1845, came from Abington, Mass. in 
the early days of Jericho and purchased the farm in the south part 
of the town on the road leading from Jericho Center to Rich- 
mond, which has been known as the Gloyd farm for more than 
a hundred years and has been, kept in the Gloyd family until 
the grandson, Jesse, of said first mentioned Gloyd, d. in 1905. 

The said Jesse Gloyd, senior, had six children, viz.: Justin, 
Jerusha, Polly, Harry, Laura and Fannie. 

Justin was b. on the old farm in 1797 and m. Eliza Dow, and 
they had three children, viz. : Marion, Jesse and Edwin. Justin 
d. 1850. 

Marion m. Wells Blackman in 1854. They had four chil- 
dren. She d. in 1858. He and his children went west. 

Edwin also went west to live. 

Jesse was b. in Jericho on the old farm in 1832. He m. 
Lucy Tarbox in 1858 and she d. in 1891. They had six children, 
viz. : Justin, b. 1859, lives in Richmond and is not m. ; Marion, b. 
1861, m. in 1901 Henry L. Murdock, b. 1858, and has no chil- 
dren. She d. Aug. 3, 1915 and he d. Dec. 5 of same year. Wil- 
liam, b. 1863, m. Ella Kannary in 1891, d. in Minneapolis, Minn, 
in 1907 ; Rodney, b. 1866, m. Carrie Edwards 1894. They live in 
Richmond and have no children ; Ruth, b. 1868, m. Frank Dodge 
1892, and lives in St. Louis, Mo. They have two children ; Clara, 
b. 1871, who m. Stanton Sayles in 1896. Lives in Richmond and 
has five children. 

Jesse Gloyd, junior, m. 2 Jane A. (Hinkson) Stockwell in 
1892 and d. 1914. Mr. Gloyd was a thrifty farmer and highly 
respected by all who knew him. He had the full confidence 
of all his townsmen, held the offices of lister and selectman for 
several years, and represented the town in the General Assembly 
for the years of 1878 and 1879. He was a Universalist in his 
religious views, and a liberal supporter of that denomination. 



482 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

THE GOMO FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

Frank Gomo was b. in Canada, as was his wife, Margaret 
White. Their children were Margaret, Rhoda, Philema, Frank, 
Jr., Adolph, Joseph, Peter and John. The Gomos immigrated 
from Canada to Cambridge, Vt., in 1842. He d. in 1865 and his 
wife in 1874 at Fairfax. Their son, Peter, is the only one of the 
family who ever lived in Jericho. Peter lived a number of 
years in Fairfax, m. Louise Fredett of that town July 3, 1867, 
and came to Jericho in 1879. They had two children : 

(1) Ida Emily, b. here in 1881. She m. William Doon of 
Underbill in 1901 and they have four children. 

(2) Ernest H., b. here in 1889. He m. Grace Parker Aug. 
22, 1911. She was b. in 1889. Two children, Mariette, b. in 
1912; Albert E.,b. in 1914. 

Peter Gomo was a harness maker and after working for 
Orlin and Dennis E. Rood many years, he carried on the trade 
by himself. He d. in 1910. Ernest adopted his father's busi- 
ness and is following it in Jericho. 

THE GOODHUE FAMILY. 
By Mrs. W. S. Bailey. 

William Goodhue, b. in England in 1612, emigrated to 
America in 1635, and settled in Ipswich, Mass. By history he 
is declared to have been a man of more than average intelligence, 
of deep practical piety and of the highest integrity and wisdom. 
He served the town of Ipswich in various civil capacities and 
was representative to the Colonial Legislature. He possessed con- 
siderable property and attained rank and influence. 

Thomas, b. 1774 in Ipswich, Mass., m. April 3, 1803, Sarah 
Currier of South Hampton, N. H. Thomas settled in Jericho in 
1804. They came on horseback from N. H. and their goods were 
conveyed by ox cart, and two cows were led behind the load. He 
cleared land and built a substantial brick house which he oc- 
cupied until his death, Nov. 7, 1850. He was a successful farmer. 
His children were: Laura, b. Mar. 29, 1804; Joseph, b. Sept. 3, 
1815 ; John C, b. June 10, 1818; Frances, b. June 15, 1821. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 483 

(1) Laura, m. Sylvanus Richardson, Mar. 17, 1825 and re- 
sided at Jericho, Vt., where she d. July 14, 1858. Their children 
were: Sarah A., b. June 7, 1826; Harrison C, b. Mar. 4, 1828; 
Chauncy H., b. Jan. 13, 1830; Thomas Goodhue, b. Oct. 10, 1832; 
Leorin T., b. June 9, 1836; John H., b. Dec. 29, 1838; Abner S., 
b. June 29, 1841; Charles C, b. Mar. 18, 1844; Mary E., b. 
May 22, 1848. 

(2) Joseph, b. in Jericho, Vt., Sept. 3, 1815, m. Feb. 22, 
1843, Emma Chapin, who d. Mar. 21, 1863. After her death he 
m. Oct. 11, 1866, Mrs. H. A. Douglas. Their residence was at 
Lisbon, Wis., where he d. No children. 

(3). John C, b. in Jericho, Vt., June 10, 1818, m. Jan. 19, 
1841, Mary Houston of Enfield, N. H., and resided on the old 
homestead in Jericho, until 1860. He d. in Mansonville, P. Q., 
Jan. 10, 1888. 

Their children, all b. in Jericho, were : Gertrude M., b. Feb. 
3, 1843 ; Parthenia C, b. June 13, 1845 ; Leona H., b. June 18, 
1847; Harriet S., b. Mar. 10, 1849; Irving J., b. Dec. 17, 1850; 
Wallace T., b. Aug. 31, 1853 ; Ella A., b. Feb. 9, 1855 ; Lizzie C, 
b. Oct. 28, 1857. 

(4) Frances A., b. in Jericho, Vt., June 15, 1821, m. Oct. 
29, 1852, Alzina Manning. They moved from Jericho to Wis- 
consin, where he d. 

Their children were: Edwin E., b. Nov. 13, 1857; Elbert N., 
b. Nov. 23, 1860; Aletta D., b. Dec. 23, 1865. Their residence 
was Trempeleau, Wisconsin. 

(3) a. Gertrude M., m. Oct. 10, 1868, Osgood Blanchard, 
and resided at St. Albans, Vt., where she d. Jan. 30, 1913. Wal- 
lace B., her son, resided at St. Albans, Vt. 

(3) b. Parthenia C, m. April 5, 1864, John Bedard, resi- 
dence Westfield, N. J. 

(3) c. Leona H., m. June 15, 1871, James A. Chamberlin, 
residence St. Albans, where she d. June 10, 1881. Lillian H., her 
dau. resided at San Diego, Gal. 

(3) d. Harriet S., m. Feb. 19, 1873, Winfield S. Bailey, resi- 
dence St. Albans, Vt. Her children are : 

(a) Eleanor M., m. Arthur A. Tiffany, residence Bur- 
lington, Vt. 



484 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

(b) Arthur S., m. Estella Goodspeed, residence Glen Ridge, 
N.J. 

(3) e. Irving J., m. Hattie Wright, residence Cambridge, 
Mass. No children. 

(3) f. Wallace T., m. Ellen Haight, residence Los Angeles, 
Cal. His children were: Elsie L., residence California, and Ella 
S., residence Chicago, 111. 

THE GRAVES FAMILY. 
By Mrs. Jennie W. Hart. 

Eli Graves settled in Jericho in 1833 in the neighborhood 
afterwards known as Nashville, and on the farm afterwards 
known 'as the Leary farm. He removed with his family from 
Waterbury, Vt., to which town he had come about the year 
1831 from Greenfield, Mass., where the family originated. He 
was twice m., his wives being sisters, viz. : Bethena and 
Judith White. Of his nine children, six lived to attain maturity, 
viz. : John Judd, who remained in Greenfield ; Emily ; Julia ; 
Daniel; Fidelia and Sarah Ann Goodrich. Emily m. An- 
drew Warner, Jan. 7, 1840, and d. June 19, 1881. (For 
record of children see Andrew Warner family.) Daniel m. 
Lucetta Nash, July 9, 1843, and d. Nov. 27, 1853. The others 
never m. Sarah Ann Goodrich d. in Jericho in 1845. 
Fidelia d. in Richmond, Sept. 22, 1858. Julia d. in Jericho, 
May 10, 1893. To Daniel and Lucetta Graves were b. three 
sons, viz.: Eli Curtis, who d. in infancy; Eli Edwin, 'Sept. 
9, 1847; and Curtis Daniel, Apr. 3, 1851, who d. in Greenfield, 
Mass., Sept 12, 1875. 

Eli Edwin m. Martha Williams of Essex, Vt., and settled 
in Boscawen, N. H. He is a practicing physician in Pehacook, 
N. H., and has two children, a son, Robert John, and a dau., 
Catherine Loretta. (See Physicians). 

THE CLARK GRAVES FAMILY. 
By C. H. Hayden. 
Clark Way land Graves, son of Tyler M. and Emily Clark 
Graves, was b. Nov. 8, 1848. He m. 1 Laura Wright Jan. 15, 
1873. Four children were b. to them : 



HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 485 

Charlie, b. in 1876. 

Fred, b. in 1878. 

An infant girl living only a few days. 

Charlotte, who lived only about six months. 

Three of the children d. at about the same time, and all four 
were buried in Jamestown, North Dakota, in 1884. 

Laura Graves, d. in 1887 and was buried in Pingree, North 
Dakota. 

Clark Graves m. 2 Rose May Shane July IS, 1891, in 
Nashville, Tenn. Two children have been b. to them : 

(1) Claude Tyler in May, 1892, who m. Rosanna Bashaw 
of Essex in 1911 ; and they have one child, Rollins Clark, b. June 
10, 1912. They are also living in Jericho at this time. 

(2) Maude Emily, b. Jan. 7, 1902, at present attending the 
Underbill graded school. 

Mr. Clark Graves is a retired farmer having resided in town 
this last time about 13 years. 

GRAVLIN FAMILY. 
By C. H. Hayden. 

George Ransom Gravlin, son of Antoine and Janette Smith 
Gravlin, was b. Aug. 4, 1856. 

George Gravlin m. 1 Mary Gibbs May 31, 1881, who d. 
leaving no children. He m. 2 Mrs. Emma Stearns Cook Apr. 
17, 1902. They have resided in town six years. Mr. Gravlin is 
a great sufferer from rheumatism. 

THE ALMOND GRIFFIN FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

Almond Griffin was b. in Westford and m. Mary C. Chase 
of that town. They had six children: Catherine, Minerva, 
Horatio A., Almond D., Mary C. and Henry. All of them were 
b. in Westford and Almond D. only has lived in Jericho. He was 
b. in 1834 and m. 1 Philinda Walsworth in 1855 in Moline, 
N. Y. They had five children : Julius, Mary, Almina, Jennie and 
Franklin. Philinda d. in 1895 at Waterbury and Almond D. m. 2 
32 



486 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Sarah C. (Ladd) Osier in 1897 at Montpelier. She d. in 1912 
at Jericho. They moved from Waterbury here in 1906. His 
occupation is that of a farmer. He enlisted in the War of '61 in 
Sept., '61, and was a private in Co. F. of the U. S. sharpshooters, 
and served therein till discharged Oct. 26, 1864. He was wounded 
in three battles. 

THE JASPER GRIFFIN FAMILY. 
By Mrs. F. S. Ransom. 

Jasper Griffin was b. May 6, 1775 and d. March 13, 1854. 
He m. Lydia -Lane Sept. 14, 1798 at New Milford, Conn. She 
was b. June 24, 1779 and d. Dec. 24, 1856. 

Jasper and Lydia Griffin came to Jericho about 1802 or 1803 
and lived in town until their death. They lived on a farm on 
Lee River in the house on the corner, now owned by Chas. 
GifFen. 

Children:— 

1. Rebecca, b. at Saybrook, Conn., Oct. 2, 1800, d. at 
Jericho, Sept. 3, 1869, m. at St. Andrews, P. Q., Dec. 7, 1820 to 
Daniel Smith Glines, who was b. in New Hampshire in 1798 and 
d. in Jericho in 1835. He was a farmer. Sheriff and Major of 
Militia. 

Children : — 

(a) Emily, b. in St. Andrews, P. Q., in 1821, d. Sept. 6, 
1846. 

(b) Albert, b. in St. Andrews, P. Q., Nov. 30, 1823, m. at 
Jericho, Sept. 23, 1852, to Olive Lyman Lane, dau. of Stevens 
Lane and Emma Lee. 

(c) Danford William, b. in Jericho in 1825, d. Aug. 5, 
1849, while he was a student in the U. V. M. 

(d) Byron A., b. in Jericho, 1828, d. at Oakland, Cal., 
June 8, 1892 ; m. Zama Atherton of Middlesex, Vt. They had 
3 children: Herbert, Mary and Fred, all in Oakland, Cal. 

(e) Orlena, b. in Jericho, in 1831, d. March 15, 1845. 

2. Amanda, b.' May 13, 1802, d. Feb. 25, 1837 ; m. March 22, 
1827 to Orville Shaw. They had 2 children : Ellen and John. 

3. Jedediah, b. Sept. 29, 1804, d. at Montreal, P. Q., Feb. 
17, 1836. He was a brass clock manufacturer at the time when 
they were all made by hand. He was never m. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 487 

4. Jasper, b. Nov. 26, 1806, and d. in 1844; m. Sept. 20, 
1827 to Pamelia Holt, who d. at Cohoes, N. Y., Sept. 21, 1892. 
Children : — 

(a) Elizabeth G., b. at Jericho, July 19, 1828, d. Feb. 20, 
1908 ; m. Benjamin R. Peck, July 9, 1849. They had 2 children : 
Frank B. and Mary Adelaide. 

(b) Abner Jasper, b. at Jericho, Dec. 16, 1829, d. Aug. 17, 
1914, m. at Cohoes, N. Y., Jan. 14, 1852, to Emma Ball of Berne, 
N. Y. They had 5 children : Ella, Carrie, Charles, Jasper, Alice 
Pamelia, and Eva. 

(c) Carlos G., b. at Jericho, Oct. 10, 1831, d. at West- 
minster, Mass., July 4, 1874; m. Susan Bowman, Oct. 20, 1851. 
They had 6 children : Susan Effie, Carlos Grandson, Harriet Eva, 
Acta Orlena, Emma Gertrude, and Lillian Winifred. . 

(d) Emily, b. in Jericho, May 18, 1833, m. June 9, 1855 to 
Geo. Ransom Boothe of Jericho. They moved to Omro, Wis. 
They had 1 dau., Pamelia. 

(le) Arick M., b. at Jericho, Jan. 6, 1838, d. Dec. 5, 1905 ; 
m. at Lowell, Mass., in 1859 to Lizzie Elwell. They had 1 dau., 
Alice. 

(f) Amanda, b. in Jericho, March 22, 1837, d. at Winooski, 
Vt., Nov. 1, 1898; m. March 27, 1862, to Horace Smith. They had 
4 children: Louisa, Orvis, Morris, and Arthur. 

(g) Louis, b. May 11, 1839, d. Sept. 15, 1879; m. Dudley 
Darrow, Sept. 5, 1859. They had 1 son, Frank. 

(h) Morris L., b. at Jericho, Oct. 28, 1842, m. Sept. 18, 
1871 to Maggie Peverly. They live at Cohoes, N. Y. They had 
2 children : Louise and Lewis. 

(i) Mary B., b. at Jericho, March 23, 1841, d. at Winooski, 
Jan. 24, 1912 ; m. Sept. 24, 1862 to George D. Nash. No children. 

(j) Lydia Virginia, b. at Jericho, Aug. 29, 1844, m. April 
27, 1865, to George Stevens. They live in Burlington, Vt. They 
had 3 children: Libbie, Lena and Harry. 

5. Abner, b. May 20, 1809, d. June 6, 1809. 

6. Minervy, b. June 10, 1810, d. July 31, 1812. 

7. An infant b. June 24, 1812, d. June 24, 1812. 

8. Minervy 2nd, b. June 8, 1813, d. Feb. 1, 1850; m. March 
15, 1837 to Sumner Rockwood. They had 4 children : Jedediah, 
Orlando, Frank and Orlena. 



488 HISTORY OP JERICHO, VERMONT. 

9. Abner 2nd, b. June 10, 1815, d. July 5, 1816. 

10. Emily, b. July 6, 1817, d. Jan. 19, 1831. 

11. Lydia, b. Nov. 12, 1819, d. Jan. 19, 1844; m. Oct. 4, 
1840 to Edward Johnson. They went to Mobile, Ala., for a 
while but returned to Jericho. They had 1 dau. who d. in in- 
fancy. 

12. Loraine, b. April 18, 1822, d. April 16, 1895 ; m. Hyman 
Sever Church, March 7, 1851. They always lived in Jericho and 
had 5 children: Ella Minerva, Emma Lydia, Amelia Grififiii, 1 
son who d. in infancy, and Mary Loraine. (See Church His- 
tory). 

THE SAMUEL HALE FAMILY. 

By C. H. Hayden. 

Samuel Adams Hale, son of Jonas and Sarah Parker Hale, 
was b. Feb. 13, 1835. March 5, 1854, at Chelmsford, Mass., Mr. 
Hale m. Sarah Edwards, the dau. of Oliver and Lucy Nichols 
Edwards, who was b. Jan. 20, 1834. Five children were b. to 
them : 

(1) Henry H. was b. Dec. 12, 1854, m. Fannie J. Locklin 
May 18, 1873, to whom were b. five children : 

(a) Luella M., b. Feb. 11, 1874. 

(b) Rena M., b. Apr. 2, 1876. 

(c) Sarah E., b. July 12, 1881. 

(d) Eva F., b. Dec. 18, 1889. 

(e) Emma F., b. Jan. 6, 1895, and d. July 14, 1896. 
Luella M. Hale m. Ernest W. Stebbins Feb. 24, 1892, and 

to them have been b. four children : 

Harold C, b. Feb. 8, 1893. 

Wesley H., b. June 13, 1895. 

Vida L., b. Dec. 22, 1897. 

Rena L., b. Nov. 14, 1899. 

Rena M. second dau. of Henry Hale, m. Rev. George W. 
Manning May 10, 1898, and to them have been b. six children. 

Sarah E. Hale m. Alfred R. Brown. 

(2) The second child, b. to Sarah and Samuel A. Hale 
was Emma J., in 1858 who d. in infancy. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 489 

(3) Emma M. was b. Apr. 30, 1859, who. May 10, 1877, 
m. Wallace C. Stevens, son of Erastus and Ann Stevens. The 
ceremony was performed by Rev. J. D. Emerson. 

To Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Stevens were b. Nov. 8, 1881, twin 
boys, Ralph Hale and Roy Frank. Roy Frank Stevens d. Mar. 
8, 1882. Ralph Hale Stevens m. AUce B. Johnson June 21, 1905, 
the ceremony being performed by Rev. Evan Thomas. Their chil- 
dren are: 

Ralph Chesley, b. Oct. 13, 1906. 

Linna Blanche, b. Mar. 5, 1908. 

Doris Hale, b. Nov. 12, 1911. 

(4) Lena L. Hale, fourth child of Samuel A. Hale, was b. 
June 23, 1861, and d. Aug. 23, 1881. 

(5) Wallace C. Hale, fifth child of Samuel A. Hale, was b. 
May 3, 1869, m. Sophronia Rogers in Oct., 1890. Three chil- 
dren were b. to them : 

Alice, who d. at the age of two years; Allene and Mildred. 
Wallace C. Hale d. in Oct., 1899. 

Sarah Edwards Hale, d. April 13, 1897. 

Samuel A. Hale m. 2 Mrs. Mary C. MacGibbon, who sur- 
vives him. Samuel A. Hale d. Feb. 8, 1907. 

Samuel Hale has been a resident of Jericho for many years. 
He butchered and sold meats for over 40 years, doing a very ex- 
tensive business. He was industrious and honest, a genuine build- 
er, a good neighbor, and a true hearted citizen. He was a soldier 
in the War of the Rebellion and is said to have taken part in 32 
battles. He was a member of L. H. Bostwick Post of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. 

THE STEPHEN HALE FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

Daniel Hale, the father of Stephen Hale, came to Jericho 
from New Hampshire in 1831 and located in the eastern part of 
the town, remaining here for several years, finally returning 
to New Hampshire. 

Stephen Hale was for a long time a resident of Jericho. 
He was b. in Hopkinton, N. H., in the year 1797, and re- 
moved to Jericho, Vermont, about the year 1818, locating in 



490 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

the eastern part of the town, residing most of the time while 
in Jericho on the farm now owned by John McGee on the road 
leading from Underhill Center to West Bolton. Mr. Hale was 
a splendid man socially and possessed a rare judgment and ex- 
celled most men in business tact, accumulating a large fortune. 
It was common for his townspeople to consult and ask advice 
of him in all business matters, and the people had implicit con- 
fidence in his integrity and admired his superior talents. He m. 
Mary Nash and they had one son, Andrew J. Hale, who m. 
Irene Powell of Cambridge and had one son, Tremont Hale. 
Stephen Hale removed to the State of Nebraska, in the year 1883, 
and d. at the residence of his son, Andrew J. Hale, in the city 
of Beatrice, Neb., the 25th day of March, 1885, in the 88th 
year of his age. 

THE HALL FAMILY. 
By S. H. Barnum and H. B. Hall. 

Joseph and Asher Hall were among the early settlers from 
Connecticut. Joseph settled on what is now known as the 
William Freeman farm, while Asher located in Bolton and m. 
Hopa Lyman, who was b. in 1791 in Jericho. They lived for 
some time on the farm now known as the Vincent Varney farm 
in Jericho, and there their children were b. They were George, 
Harrison, Smith, Lyman, Maria, Mary, Harmon and Warren. 
The family went back to Bolton and the parents d. there. 

Harmon was b. in 1830 and m. in 1851 Annie C. Seeley, 
who was b. in 1830. Her father was Capt. Seeley who served in 
the War of 1812. Harmon enlisted in 1863 in Co. F, 13th Vt. 
Regiment. His wife d. in 1865 and in 1867 he m. Philuma Plant. 
He d. in 1875. Three sons by the first marriage are now living. 
They are : 

(1) Frederick Warren, b. 1851, m. Mabel L. Ransom 1874. 
(See Ransom Family). 

(2) Henry Bur, b. 1856, m. in 1877 Catherine D. Benham, 
who was b. 1853. Three children : 

(a) Harlan Page, b. 1878, m. Alice M. McCrum of Pittsburg, 
Pa., in 1899, her grandfather coming to this country with Andrew 
Carnegie and settling in Pittsburg. They have three children: 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 491 

Robert McCrum, b. 1901; Helen Catherine, b. 1902; George 
Henry, b. 1907. 

(b) Annie Seeley, b. 1880, m. William F. Monell of Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. They have three children: Hester, Henry and 
Kathryne. Since 1910 she and the children have lived with her 
parents in Burlington. 

(c) Henry Carlton, b. 1881, d. 1882. 

Henry Bur attended the select school in the academy build- 
ing taught by Fred Piatt. In 1877 he went on to the Benham 
Farm where his wife was b., and remained there till 1905, when 
he removed to Burlington and became superintendent of the 
State forest nursery. While here he was one of the substantial 
citizens of the town and was at one time superintendent of the 
Sunday school at the Center. The farm is now in the hands of 
his son. 

(3) Asher, b. 1859, m. Helen Osborne of Williston. They 
live in North Williston and have no children. 

The children of Harmon and Philuma Hall were, Orville H., 
b. 1868; Lena M., b. 1872 and Agnes M., b. 1874. They live in 
Atlanta, Ga. 

THE HAPGOOD FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

Tillison Hapgood came to Jericho at an early day and located 
on the farm now owned and occupied by Michael Fitzgerald 
on the road called the "Raceway," where he lived until his death. 

In 1823 he m. Cynthia Bliss, b. in 1795, d. 1878. She 
was the aunt of Lucian B. Howe. They had two children, Julius 
H., and Henry M. 

Julius H. was b. in 1824 and d. in 1866. He m. Harriet, the 
dau. of Simon and Lucy Davis of Jericho. He became the 
owner of his father's farm and lived thereon several years, 
when he sold the same to Martin P. Richardson and purchased 
the large farm now owned by Burt C. Hawley situated on the 
public road leading from Jericho village to Underbill, where 
he lived till his death. They had three children, viz.: George 
Bert, Ida B., and Clark. George Bert, b. 1856, m. Anna G. 
True, who d. 1914. Four children living. A dealer in horses. 



492 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

He lives in Cedarville, California. Ida d. in 1863, at four years 
of age ; Clark B., b. 1865 at Jericho, m. Florence B. Wilcox. Two 
living children : Beulah F., b. 1894 and Christine B., b. 1907. A 
successful fanner in Cambridge. 

Julius H. Hapgood held important town offices, was a good 
farmer and a reliable man. On the settlement of his estate his 
brother, Henry, became the owner of the farm. 

After the death of Julius H. Hapgood, Harriet, his widow, 
m. Joseph Mellendy, in 1873. She d. at Cambridge, Vt. in 1886, 
and he removed to Nebraska where he d. 

Henry Hapgood was b. in 1832 and d. in 1872. He m. 
Olive Abbott and they had two children, viz. : Zeph, b. 1860, and 
Cyntha. Cyntha was b. in 1867 and d. in 1885. Zeph m. 
Minnie A. Hughes, b. 1867 at Dublin, Ireland, and has three chil- 
dren: Henry, Olive and John H. They live at Rouses Point, 
N. Y. 

THE HASKINS FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

William Haskins, Sr., and his wife Lucy, came from New 
Hampshire to Richmond and later settled near Lee River. In 
1812 he served in the army and was in the battle of Plattsburg. 
He d. here in 1847, aged 62. They had seven children, William, 
Russell, Silas J., Thomas, Louisa, Jane and Submit. 

(1) William, m. Sophira Hinkson and they had one child 
that d. in infancy. Sophira was divorced and m. William Sa- 
bins. William Haskins d. in Jericho in 1893. Sophira d. in 
Bolton. 

(2) Russell, b. 1821, m. Adaline Towers of Richmond. 
He purchased of his brother, Silas J., the "Hill Farm" near the 
Lee River valley, that Silas J. had previously bought of Miles 
Ransom. Russell lived on that farm many years, sold out and 
located near Nashville. He d. in 1890, his wife d. in Richmond 
the same year. They had one child that d. in infancy. 

(3) Silas J., b. 1839, m. Thankful Atherton. He pur- 
chased and lived upon the McLaughlin farm near Nashville for 
several years, and then bought of Miles Ransom the "Hill Farm" 
now owned by George Willard. After a time he purchased a 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 493 

large farm at Nashville of Nathan Benham, and finally the farm 
on Lee River where Irvin Nealy now lives. He was for a time 
superintendent of the First Congregational Sunday School. He 
d. in 1896 and his wife in 1909. They had two children, Edna 
and S. Clayton. Edna m. John M. C. Pettis, of Boston; S. 
Clayton m. Margaret Seeley, of Worcester, Mass., and they have 
two children, Ruth and Herbert. They live in Arlington, Mass. 

(4) Thomas, m. in 1867 Edna Ransom, dau. of Miles 
Ransom. No children. He m. a second time at Petaluma, Cal. 

(5) Louisa, b. 1819, m. Ansel Nash of Jericho. They had 
four children : Collins H., Thomas J., Lyman, who d. young, and 
Jennie. She d. 1910. (See Nash family). 

(6) Jane, m. a Mr. Colton and moved West. 

(7) Submit, m. Frank D. Colton, a lawyer at Jonesville. 
They had three children: Alric, Flora and Fred. They moved 
to Petaluma, Cal. 

THE HATCH FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur and S. H. Barnum. 

The oldest Hatch who lived in Jericho of the family I am 
tracing was Joseph Hatch, b. 1775, d. in 1828. He m. Chloe 
Bartlett, b. in 1779, d. in 1849, and they had eight children, viz. : 
Two of them, Olive and Orilla, b. in 1805, d. 1821; Benj. B.; 
Eber; Leonard; Olive A., b. 1800, d. 1820; Kingsbury and 
George. 

(1) Benj. ^., b. in 1802, d. in 1872. He m. Lura Church, 
b. in 1816, d. in 1853, and they had six children, viz.: Jane, 
Marie, Ellen L., Byron, Edgar, and Truman. Jane m. Truman 
Hutchins, and had three children : Carroll, Lura, and Jane. El- 
len L. m. Truman R. Gordon, an attorney living at Montpelier, 
and they had one child named Ellen, who m. Elwood Morrill 
and has two children. 

Truman C. Hatch enlisted in the War of the Rebellion in 
1861, in Co. K, 5th Regt. Vt. Vols., and was discharged for 
disability, but enlisted again in 1863 in Co. K of the same 
regiment and was transferred to Vet. Reserve Corps in 1865, 
and d. in Washington that same year. 



494 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Byron B. Hatch enlisted Feb. 2, 1864, for three years, at 
the age of eighteen, and d. Sept. 29, 1864, in the hospital at 
Burlington. 

The said Benj. B. Hatch m. 2 Mary E. Hale, and they had 
two children, Lura E., and Fred. Lura E., d. unm. Benj. B. 
Hatch owned and for many years lived on his farm located on 
the Mill Brook road since known as the Moses Leary farm. 
He sold that farm and purchased the farm at Jericho Center 
now owned by R. O. Wilder and d. while living there. He 
was an excellent fanner and a good citizen. Fred N. m. Cornelia 
Thomas in 1887 and they had a dau., Lura Eveline. 

(2) Eber Hatch, b. 1805, d. 1862, m. Harriet N., dau. of 
Hezekiah and Nancy Howe, and the widow of Sidney Sayles. 
She was b. in 1813 and d. in 1899. He was a farmer and located 
on the Mill Brook road south of and adjoining the farm of his 
brother, Benjamin B. 

(3) Leonard Hatch, m. Julia Ann Stroud and they had 
six children. He went West. 

(4) George Hatch never m. 

(5) Olive A. Hatch, m. Calvin Marsh. (See the Marsh 
■ family.) 

(6) Kingsbury Hatch, m. Julia Bentley and they had one 
child, Delora J., who m. John Jones of Bolton and had five chil- 
dren. Kingsbury m. 2 Semira Bentley, sister of his first wife. 
They went West and he d. there. 

This family was of English descent. 
Other lines in the Hatch name are as follows : 
Roswell, b. Aug. 25, 1781, m. Clarinda Benham, who was b. 
Mar. 10, 1785, and d. Feb. 14, 1868. Their children were: 

(1) Moses Billings, b. 1805, m. 1 Adaline M. , b. 

1809, d. 1852. Four children: Justin, Byron, Roswell and Jose- 
phine (b. 1842, m. Edmund S. Hodges and d. 1879). Moses B. 
m. again and had a dau. Jennie. He served in the Civil War 
and d. in 1888. 

(2) Smith Benham, b. 1807, m. Mabel Barney. One child 
who d. young. He d. 1877. (See Barney Family). 

(3) Albert G., b. 1808, d. 1872. Two children, Philander 
and Belle. 

(4) Harvey F., b. 1810, d. 1890. 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 495 

(5) Lucy, b. 1812, d. 1894. She m. Albert Aldrich. No 
children. 

(6) George W., b. 1814, d. 1893. He m. Ruth Monroe, who 
was b. 1817, d. 1896. Four children: Dora (See Monroe Fam- 
ily) ; Jesse D., b. 1854, d. 1893; Mary, b. 1857; and Bertha, b. 
1862. Dora is Mrs. Thomas Enos of Essex, Mary and Bertha 
live in Burlington. 

(7) Harriet, b. 1815, d. 1872. She m. Joseph Allen in 
Woonsocket, R. I. Several children. 

(8) Isabel, b. 1822, d. 1887. She m. Dewitt CHnton Morey. 
Five children: George, John, Dewitt Clinton, Belle and Dora. 
George lives in Worcester, Mass. 

Mabel is given in the town records as dau. of Matthew and 
Sophia (Barney) Hatch. She was b. 1773, m. Paul Babcock 
1796 and d. 1867. (See Babcock Family). She was with little 
doubt a sister to Roswell. 

There is also a line from David Hatch. He and Joseph 
joined the First Congregational Church in 1808. David, Jr., m. 
Belinda Field in 1806, and they also joined the church in 1808. 
David had a dau., Lucy, who was baptized in 1809. This is as 
far as we can trace this line. 

The church records give the name of Submit Hatch, who 
joined in 1794, but we have no clew to her connection with other 
Hatches. 

It may be that Mabel, b. 1773, Joseph, b. 1775, David, b. 

, and Roswell, b. 1781, were all children of Matthew and 

Sophia. 

THE IRA HAWLEY FAMILY. 

By L. F. Wilbur. 

Elisha Hawley was b. in 1781 in Cambridge, Vt., and 
in 1807 m. Abi Stearns, who was b. in 1788. He d. in 1839. 
They had ten children, viz.: Eveline, b. 1809; Dan Carlos, b. 
1811; Henry Oscar, b. 1813; Daniel Stearns, b. 1815; Electa 
Lucia, b. 1818; Edgar, b. 1820; Ira, b. 1824, all b. in Cambridge, 
Vt. The widow m. 2 Oliver Lowrey of Jericho about 1854. 
She d. in 1866 at Jericho. Oliver Lowrey d. at Jericho. 



496 HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 

Except Ira none of the children of Elisha and Abi ever 
lived in Jericho. 

Ira Hawley, m. Carrie C. Wheelock of Cambridge. They 
came to live in Jericho in 1876 on the farm handsomely located 
about midway between Jericho village and Underbill. He was 
a prosperous farmer and an honest man, and made friends in 
the community where he resided. He lived upon this farm until 
his death in 1902. He had three children. 

Byron, d. in infancy. 

Don C, b. 1866, m. Albertine Soule of Fairfield, Vt. They 
have no children. (See Civil Engineers). 

Burton C, b. 1873, in 1894 m. Ethel A., the dau. of RoUin M. 
Galusha. They had four children, viz.: Reginald G., b. in 
1896; Donald W., b. in 1902; Doris C, b. in 1904; and Rollin 
Galusha, b. in 1907. Burton C. lives on the old homestead left 
by his father, is an industrious farmer and has the confidence 
of the people as is shown by their having elected him to the 
important offices of the town. 

THE HAYDEN FAMILY. 
By L. F. Wilbur. 

Joel Hayden came from Connecticut to Rutland, Vermont, 
afterwards locating at Hampshire Comers (so-called) in West- 
ford. His occupation was farming. While living at Rutland 
he married Anna Maynard by whom he had four children; 
James, Sarah, Frances and Ivers. His second marriage was to 
Catherine Wetherby in 1832 by whom he had two children: 
Catherine and Thurston. 

Joel Hayden d. in 1860. 

James was b. in 1820, was a farmer and carpenter and 
joiner. In 1851, he married Sarah F. Morse, the ceremony 
being performed by Rev. L. A. Dunn. They had three children : 
Joel Calvin, b. in 1854, and d. in 1856; Chauncey H., b. in 1857, 
and Mary Elizabeth, b. in 1860. 

James and Sarah in their early married life lived in Bakers- 
field, and later purchased and moved to a large farm at Cam- 
bridge Jet. A few years later, about 1870, they moved to Jericho 



HISTORY OF JERICHO, VERMONT. 497 

and built the house now occupied by his son at the village 
known as the Flats. 

James Hayden d. Oct. 10, 1891. Sarah Hayden d. Dec. 26, 
1913. 

Their son, Chauncey H. Hayden, fitted for college at the 
Barre Academy under J. S. Spaulding and at the Essex Clas- 
sical Institute. He graduated from the University of Vermont 
as a classical student in 1883, and took the degree of A. M. in 
1886. He m. Mary Alice Lane in 1886, the ceremony 
being performed by Rev. J. K. Williams. They had six chil- 
dren, Olive L., b. in 1888, who graduated from the University 
of Vermont in 1910, and is a teacher in Vermont; Marjory A., 
b. in 1890, now a student in the University and conducting busi- 
ness interests of her own in Burlington; C. Harold, b. in 1892, 
also a student in the University in the sophomore class ; Wendell 
J., b. in 1895, now fitted to enter college ; Dorothy H., b. 1902, 
and d. in 1904, and M. Esther E., b. in 1905. After Mr. Hayden's 
graduation he devoted several years to teaching, holding the 
position of principal in Hinesburgh Academy, Essex Junction 
High School, Essex Classical Institute, and the Underbill Graded 
School, in all a term of eighteen years. He has for the past 
twenty years carried on a mercantile business in connection 
with undertaking at Riverside (in Jericho township). He has 
always taken a deep interest in the welfare of the town and 
served as its school superintendent for five years, selectman for 
three years, and filled the important position of lister for four- 
teen years. He was Grand Chief Templar of the Vermont 
Grand Lodge of the Independent Order of Good Templars for 
twenty years, and was President of the Vermont Funeral Di- 
rectors and Undertakers Association for two years, and rep- 
resented Jericho in the legislature for 1906 and 1