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Full text of "The military history of Waterbury : from the founding of the settlement in 1678 to 1891, together with a list of the commissioned officers and the records of the wars : containing also an outline of all the changes in the military organization of the state"

CORNELL 

UNIVERSITY 

LIBRARY 




Cornell University Library 
F 104W3 B96 



Military history of Waterbury : from the 



oiin 




3 1924 028 843 377 




Cornell University 
Library 



The original of tiiis book is in 
tine Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924028843377 



THE 



Military History 



WATERBURY, 



FROM THE FOUNDING OF THE SETTLEMENT IN 1678 TO 189I, 

TOGETHER WITH A LIST OF THE COMMISSIONED OFFICERS 

AND THE RECORDS OF THE WARS; CONTAINING 

ALSO AN OUTLINE OF ALL THE CHANGES 

IN THE MILITARY ORGANIZATION 

OF THE STATE. 



CHARLES W. BURPEE. 



If we desire to secure, peace, one of the most powerful instruments of our rising 
prosperity y it must he known that we are at all times ready for war. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 
Inaugural Address, December 3, 1793. 



NEW HAVEN, CONN.: 

THE PRICE, LEE & ADKINS CO., PRINTERS, 

206-210 MEADOW STREET. 

i8gi. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1891, 

By Charles W. Eurpke, 

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, 



■ Introductory. 



A live military spirit is an indication of the healthy condition of the 
general community. In time of war it is the safeguard ; in time of peace, 
when that spirit is purely voluntary and spontaneous, it stands for the 
red blood, the loyal heart, the active but obedient mind and the ready 
hand of the young men. Improvements in the enginery of war tend to 
reduce war to a minimum, but it is the well-established alertness of the 
people themselves which produces the primai'y and thus the greatest 
effect. r 

What the citizen soldier can do in time of need it remained for Amer- 
ica to demonstrate most satisfactorily, in the war of the Revolution and 
in the war of the Rebellion. And of all the States, the world does honor 
to Connecticut for standing foremost in this work of demonstration. It 
is with honest pride, then, that we consider the position which Waterbury 
has held in this State. From the time when the handful of Parmington 
pilgrims, armed against the savages, made their camp fire in the meadows 
of the Naugatack, the men of the community have ever held themselves 
in readiness for the call of duty. As the forefathers knew that, by keep- 
ing the gun within reach while they plowed, their hearthstones were 
safest, thus the people of to-day realize that the protection which makes 
possible their industries and which builds their houses depends first of all 
upon the militia, which is themselves. Not only were Waterbury men 
found in the ranks in the wars against the Indians or against usurping 
white men ; they were found also in the councils which devised the plans 
for preventing such wars by making soldier and citizen synonymous. 

In writing the military history of Waterbury there has been no call 
to borrow sounding phrases ; the mere records, the lists of names and 
deeds, are far more potent than language of eulogist. The only fear is 
that in the chaotic period of the earlier days, when records were very 
faulty, an occasional name may have been omitted in the appended list of 
oflScers. 

Watbebtjkt, Conn., Feb. 1, 1891. 



Table of Contents. 



PAOB 

I. Colonial Days 

II. The Revolutionary Wak 13 

III, Days op the Twknty-Sixth Regiment 20 

IV. The Wab op 1812 ' 22 

V. First Flank and Battalion Coimpanibs 36 

VI. Following the Flood Woods 31 

VII. The Mexican War 35 

VIII. Reorganization op the Militia — Company H 37 

IX. The Rebellion 49 

X. In the Connecticut National Guard 66 

Record in Indian and French Wars 78 

Record in the Revolution 78 

Record in the War op 1812 and Mexican War 80 

Record in the Rebellion 81 

Commissioned Ofpiceus of the Militia since 1678 84 

Rolls op Companies A and G 97-98 



I. Colonial Days. 



The martial spirit possessed our ancestors and they rec- 
ognized the glory of a military life. As Henry Bronson 
has said: "There was a demand for warriors, and warriors 
of a superior order came forth. * * * Military titles were 
in high repute among the colonists. They were preferred 
to civil or ecclesiastical honors. A corporal was on the 
road to distinction. * * * A captain was necessarily a man 
of great influence whose opinion was taken in all the 
weighty concerns of the town. Few aspired to the exalted 
rank of major." By a law of the colony, all men between 
i6 and 60 were subject to bear arms, with a few exceptions 
in favor of those engaged in vocations necessary to the 
whole community. A certain number of days each year 
was devoted to the inspection of the arms and ammunition 
in every house, and to military drill of a rude sort, while a 
guard of no less than eight men did duty in every town on 
Sundays. 

The settlers of Mattatuck, on their second visit from 
Farmington, quickly perceived that they must have some 
kind of martial organization to protect themselves from 
the Indians who were crowded back from Derby or mak- 
ing sallies from remote northern territory. 

In 1678, the year of the regular settlement, two armed 
men were appointed to keep lookout from the hills. In 
1680, the men had established a system of signals which 
should call them together as one body, and they were ac- 
customed to meet to devise the best means to repel an at- 
tack. The house of Thomas Judd, Sr., " of Waterbury," an 
armory in itself, was the meeting place, and on his kitchen 
floor probably many a defensive campaign was marked 
out. It was there that the militia in which the city re- 



THE MILITAKT HISTORY 



joices to-day had its inception. Two years later, when the 
population was not yet 200 and there was no great danger, 
the pioneer soldiery numbered 24. Recognizing the need 
of some head to their ambitious organization, they went 
before the General Court which appointed two sergeants, 
the highest office the law would allow for this number of 
men. Then, as continually down to the close of the Revo- 
lution, the General Court or Assembly filled all military 
offices. Thomas Judd, Sr., and John Stanley were the 
choice for sergeants. 

Slowly the numbers increased until in 1689 there were 
35 men, which warranted the appointment of a lieutenant. 
John Stanley was the man selected. His chief duty was 
to see that all citizens were well armed, and that there 
were at least 32 whom he could call together at any time 
for special duty. All must bring their arms to " meeting " 
when ordered. 

The pay allowed by the colony for active service was 25 
shillings per week for captains, 18 for lieutenants, 15 for 
ensigns and 9 for privates. A sergeant-major in each 
county had the direct supervision of the train bands. 
There was no higher office than this one which was estab- 
lished in 1672. 

Indian alarms becoming more frequent, the General 
Court in 1690 established a military watch throughout 
the colony, on which all persons whatsoever (Indians 
and negroes excepted) upwards of sixteen years 
were compelled to serve. In April " fortifications " 
were ordered in each town. Waterbury hospitality was 
put to its utmost test by bands of soldiers passing through 
on scouting expeditions, and as many of the husbandmen 
accompanied them on these expeditions, the crops were 
left uncared for. It was a hard battle for existence with- 
out and within. In recognition of the town's fidelity and 
sacrifices, the General Court, in 1691, kindly allowed it 
" the present county rate toward erecting a house for pub- 
lic worship." Thus the local church may be said to have 
found its beginning in martial valor. 



or ■WATERBIFKT. 



The exact condition of affairs in one locality cannot he 
understood without keeping in mind the course of events 
in the colony as a whole. "We can well imagine with what 
indignation the sturdy " centinels " heard that Sir William 
Phips, in 1692, lately landed in Boston, had sent word that 
thereafter he would he commander-in-chief of Connecti- 
cut's forces, ahd with what applause they received the 
news that the offer had been rejected by the authorities at 
Hartford, who were determined to stand by their charter 
rights. And again they must have smiled grimly when the 
following year they heard the story of how Gov. Ben- 
jamin Fletcher of New York had come to Hartford to take 
command only to meet with a more emphatic rebuff. The 
militia, though still without organization, was beginning 
to be an important factor in matters of state. There was 
also now another goal for individual ambition, for in 1689 
there had been created the office of lieutenant-colonel, for 
some localities, equal in rank to that of sergeant-major. 
He and the other officers were subject to the call of a com- 
mittee of safety appointed for each county. Waterbury 
was in Hartford county. So strict was discipline becoming 
that bands must train six times a year, between March and 
November, and a severe penalty was imposed upon any 
soldier who should spoil or sell arms or ammunition, and 
upon citizens who should buy of them. Those harboring 
veterans should be allowed four pence per meal and 4s. 6d. 
per week for board; they must take no more. Fines for 
absence on training days went toward the purchase of 
drums and colors; if insufficient, the balance was col- 
lected from the town. In 1697 where companies 
were near enough together to form a general organ- 
ization called a regiment, sergeant-majors were made 
majors, with power to call together commissioned officers 
once a year to discuss the management of the militia. In 
1702 it was decreed that several companies in each town 
should be counted as one post on general muster. Majors 
were forbidden to hold a captain's .commission. When it 
was necessary to impress men into the service, the majors 



THB MtLITART HI8T0KY 



could hand a list of names to the constable and he must 
bring in the men. After 1704 commissioned officers were 
not allowed " to give up office without consent of the gov- 
ernor or General Assembly, under penalty of being put in 
the ranks and made corporals." 

The colony already had come to feel that the Indian was 
the least of its enemies and that its militia Inust be devel- 
oped into an arm capable of warding ofiE any blow. Gov. 
Treat was himself a soldier ; indeed, he owed his 
office to his skill and valor in the King Philip campaign. 
In 1690, Gov. Bradstreet of Massachusetts had sent to 
him for assistance. At the request of Gov. Leisler of 
New York, Capt. Fitz John Winthrop had led his Con- 
necticut forces for the invasion of Canada, destined to re- 
turn since others had not dared to follow where his men 
led. The royal governor of New York, Benjamin Fletcher, 
after failing to take forcible possession of the militia of 
this colony had resorted to strategem, asking the General 
Assembly to acknowledge the king's right to appoint a 
commander-in-chief. The Assembly promptly refused. 
Gov. Treat declined the commission offered him and 
Gov. Fletcher gave up in despair. The Yankee militia 
were ever an independent body. They willingly sent men 
to King William's war against the French in 1689 and to 
Queen Anne's in 1702, as they did to King George's in 1744 
and to the old French and Indian wars of 1755-63, but they 
always retained control over themselves. 

When the bands turned out six times each year for drill, 
work was forsaken, and men, women and children came 
forth to celebrate. One writer says : " The enjoyment 
which they experienced in watching the maneuvers of the 
soldiers and the games of cudgel, back-sword, fencing, run- 
ning, leaping, wrestling, stool ball, nine-pins and quoits 
was enhanced by sharing the spectacle with the multitude 
meeting old friends and making acquaintances." 

It was the Indians, urged on by the French, who most 
disturbed the Waterbury people. On April 9, 1700, when 
Thomas Judd was lieutenant (appointed in 1695), they 



OF TfVATBSBURT. 



voted to fortify Ensign Timothy Stanley's house, and four 
years later another, that of the Rev. John Southmayd. 
April 15, 1703, a town stock of ammunition was provided by 
the Assembly, with Stanley, then a lieutenant, as keeper. 
In May of the following year, the Assembly designated 
eight towns as frontier towns, including Waterbury, with 
ten men in garrison in Waterbury, Danbury, Woodbury 
and Simsbury, while New Haven and Fairfield county men 
acted as scouts. These towns were ordered to have forti- 
fied houses in 1707, and " to keep a good scout out every 
day, of two faithful and trusty men." A year later it was 
ordered, in an act " for the encouragement of military skill 
and good discipline," that the committee of safety in 
Hartford should establish garrisons in certain towns, one 
of which was Waterbury, at the charge of the colony or of 
the respective towns, as the committee should order. Two 
garrison forts were so established in Waterbury at the ex- 
pense of the colony, and one at the expense of the town, 
one at the Rev. Mr. Southmayd's house, one at Lieut. 
Stanley's, and the third at John Hopkins's. To encourage 
men to take the aggressive, big prices were paid for Indian 
scalps and prisoners down to the year 1746. Each town 
was also obliged to keep on hand a certain number of snow 
shoes and moccasins. 

The alarm increasing, the Assembly, being petitioned, ap- 
pointed a committee of war in 17 10, with power to send re- 
inforcements from New Haven county in case of need. But 
peace was declared in 1713. 

Perhaps it was due to all these precautions that Water- 
bury was unmolested save for the killing of a man named 
Holt, and for the capture of Jonathan Scott and his two 
sons. 

Now the required membership of 64 had been reached, 
and in 1715 a captain was allowed. Deacon Thomas Judd, 
son of the late lieutenant, was crowned with the honor, 
than which there could be few greater in the minds of his 
compatriots. John Hopkins, ensign, soon became lieu- 
tenant. 



10 THE MH-ITAKT HISTOET 



One more step toward general consolidation of the col- 
ony's forces had been taken in 1708 when the governor 
was made regularly the commander-in-chief. That year, 
also, it was decreed that thereafter men over 55 need not 
be required to do active service. The year after the close 
of the war, in 17 14, the mounting of a guard on Sunday 
was done away with. In 1722, the regimental offices of 
colonel and lieutenant-colonel were established, though 
there were still no regiments as such. That year, when 
Dr. Ephraim Warner was captain here and all were held 
in readiness to go to the aid of the frontier town of Litch- 
field if need be. Gov. Burnett of New York, like Phips and 
Fletcher before him, demanded the command of the Con- 
necticut militia and, like them, he met with a prompt re- 
fusal. The population of the State in 1730 was 38,000 and 
the militia, counting men between 16 and 65, numbered 
8,500. 

William Judd had then become captain of Waterbury's 
contingent, which was assuming such large proportions 
that by 1732 the Assembly ordered two companies, the 
second to be commanded by Timothy Hopkins. Nothing 
more plainly marked the prosperity of the town, which, it 
may be noted in passing, had been annexed to New Haven 
County in 1728. After 1736, men over 50 were exempt 
from active service, though still counted in the militia. 

The management of so many different train bands even 
when brought together by counties had become so difficult 
that at the October session in 1739 the General Assembly 
decided to establish regiments and the number was fixed 
at 13. The militia numbered 3,480, divided into 47 com- 
panies. The Waterbury, Wallingford, Durham and South- 
ington companies constituted the Tenth regiment. The 
colonel was to exercise the power previously granted to 
the major of each county and the governor should be cap- 
tain-general. The officers of the Tenth were James Wads- 
worth colonel, Benjamin Hall lieutenant - colonel and 
Thomas Miles major. Col. Humphrey Bland's tactics 
were ordered as official in 1743, but the general principle 



OF WATERBURY. 11 



more closely followed was that primitive one of " every 
man for himself." 

But whatever the tactics, the fighting qualities of the 
men were unquestioned. The Louisburg campaign, in 1745, 
found the Waterbury men ready, and the Assembly 
selected Samuel Hickcox to be captain of a company sent 
to Cape Breton as re-inforcements. 

When England declared war against France ten years 
later, and the colonies were again involved, there were 
three companies in Waterbury. John Brunson was ap- 
pointed captain of the third in 1751, and Jacob Blakeley 
lieutenant. Two regiments being organized to do regular 
duty in protecting the territory of the colonies from 
French invasion, Gershom Fulford was made second lieu- 
tenant of the fourth company of the Second regiment, 
Elizur Goodrich colonel. The Rev. Mark Leavenworth 
went with the regiment as chaplain. In 1759, the year 
previous to his appointment, the number of regiments in 
the field had been increased to four and Timothy Clark 
was a second lieutenant in the Third regiment. There 
was a goodly number of Waterbury privates behind these 
officers. 

To further facilitate the handling of the militia the 
office of brigadier-major was established in 1759. Benjamin 
Hall had succeeded to the colonelcy of the Tenth militia, 

in 1755- 

At the outbreak of the war with France, Lord Halifax 
had proposed in Parliament that the governors of the col- 
onies and two delegates from each colony have authority 
to direct the military and draw money for the expense 
from England, which should afterwards be repaid by taxes 
on the colonists. All the colonies refusing, the project was 
dropped. Phineas Lyman was major-general commanding 
the Connecticut troops in the Lake Champlain campaign. 
It was there that the contempt of the colonists for the Brit- 
ish regulars reached its climax and the Waterbury men 
agreed in the general condemnation of them. Thus it was 
that, seeing that the most of the burden must fall upon the 



13 THE MTLITAKT HI8T0KT 



colonists, the Assembly was aroused by William Pitt's earn- 
est letter in 1758 and voted 5,000 more men, to follow the 
cowardly Abercrombie. Among them was Capt. Eldad 
Lewis, at the head of a company of 34 Waterbury men ; 
Samuel Judd was his first lieutenant. 

After the close of this war, in 1763, new companies were 
organized in the Northbury (Plymouth) and Westbury 
(Watertown) districts of the town and Aaron Harrison was 
appointed captain of the. company in the Northbury 
parish. 

In 1767 the number of regiments was increased to 14, to 
be further increased to 15 in 1769, to 16 in 177 1, to 22 in 
1774, to 24 in 1775 and to 25 in 1776, exclusive of the Gov- 
ernor's Foot Guard, organized in 1771. The age limit was 
reduced to 45 in 1772; the colony was getting where it no 
longer needed the service of old men in the field. In 1773 
the number of enrolled militia was 26,260, divided into 18 
regiments with a troop of horse attached to each and to 
some two troops. The train bands drilled four days each 
year and each regiment attended regimental exercises once 
in four years. Soldiers and householders provided them- 
selves with arms. 

On the death of Col. Hall in 1773, Elihu Chauncey became 
colonel of the Tenth, Elihu Hall lieutenant-colonel, and 
James Wadsworth, Jr., major. The next year. Col. Chauncey 
resigning, Wadsworth became colonel, Jonathan Baldwin 
of Waterbury lieutenant-colonel, and Reuben Atwater ma- 
jor. At this time the Assembly ordered that the men 
should drill on eleven half-days from October to May, but 
the order was soon revoked. As a little too strong a spirit 
of sociability was finding its way into the different regi- 
ments, the Assembly passed a law to discourage " the prac- 
tice of treating or entertaining by persons chosen to office;" 
such practice should be considered disqualification for fur- 
ther promotion. Just when that law was repealed, if ever, 
is not known. Those were the days when parades, like 
town meetings, were " opened" with prayer. 



OF -ffATBEtetTBt. 13 



II. The Revolutionary War. 

Though there were in Waterhury many members of the 
Church of England, who by their blind faith were of 
course Tories, the mass of the people were loyal to America 
when the states combined to resent the insults and injuries 
heaped upon them by the mother country. In town meet- 
ing, November 17, 1774, they endorsed the association 
entered into by Congress and appointed a committee to see 
that the town lived up to the endorsement. January 12, 
1775, the town meeting ordered the selectmen to procure a 
stock of ammunition and to build a store-house for it. By 
the law of 1741 every town was supposed to have on hand 
50 pounds of powder, 200 weight of bullets and 300 flints 
for every 60 enlisted men. 

April 21, 1775, Col. Wadsworth of the Tenth wrote from 
Wallingford in great haste to Lieut. Col. Baldwin in this 
town that word had been received from the " Boston gov- 
ernment" of a collision between his majesty's troops and 
the people of the colony, and ordering Col. Baldwin to 
notify the captains of the different Waterbury companies 
to have their men in readiness. 

Following the skirmishes at Lexington and Concord, the 
Legislature authorized the formation of six regiments for 
the field, 100 men in each company. David Wooster was 
made major-general, Joseph Spencer first brigadier-gen- 
eral and Israel Putnam second brigadier-general. The 
eighth company of the First regiment was formed in 
Waterbury with Phineas Porter captain, Stephen Mathews 
first lieutenant, Isaac Brownson, Jr. second lieutenant and 
David Smith ensign. The last named rose to the rank of 
major and afterwards was major-general in this State. 
Gen. Wooster commanded the regiment. Enlistment was 
for seven months. Each man should receive 52 shillings 
and one month's pay in advance, which was 40 shillings, 
besides 10 shillings for the use of his firearms and six- 



14 THE MrLlTART HISTOBY 



pence a day for billeting money. This company was sent 
with the regiment to guard the coast in Fairfield cotinty 
and then up the Hudson to Lake Champlain. 

Waterbury also furnished two officers for the fifth com- 
pany of this regiment, First Lieut. Jesse Curtis and Second 
Lieut. Nathaniel Edwards. Benedict Arnold was appointed 
captain of this company but he did not serve with them. 
They were present at the siege of Boston. A Waterbury 
man, Ezekiel Scott, commanded the second company of the 
Second regiment. 

That year the town gave 152 soldiers in all, more than 
any other town except Farmington and New Haven, and 
some of them were in nearly all the battles of the army. 
" No town in the colony, not itself the theater of conflict, 
made greater personal sacrifices throughout the war than 
Waterbury." 

At home, also, the strife had been of the bitterest kind. 
Not a few Tory sympathizers did not hesitate to express 
their views in an aggravating manner. Among them were 
Capt. Amos Bronson, of the " West " or tenth company of 
the regiment, and Ensign Samuel Scovill and several men 
of the same company. Upon memorial of John Sutlief 
and other Whigs of the company, the Assembly appointed 
an investigating committee with the result that in May, 
1775, the officers were cashiered, and in October the com- 
pany was disbanded. Capt. Hezekiah Brown, of the tenth 
company of the regiment, who had been very free in his 
denunciation of Congress, now openly declared that the 
Assembly had shown. itself as arbitrary as the pope in its 
dealings with the officers. A committee made formal com- 
plaint to the Assembly but no decisive step was taken un- 
til the next May, when it was shown that Brown had re- 
fused to obey orders to detach men for the service, and he 
was promptly arrested, tried and cashiered, and the com- 
pany disbanded. Later he became a captain in the Brit- 
ish army, where he died. His real estate, forfeited at the 
time, was afterward restored to his widow. More than 80 
other Royalists joined the British on Long Island, among 



OS' ■WATBBStTRY. 15 



them Capt. Abraham Hickcox, but most of them 
were so ill treated that they returned to the government of 
the States. Many of them succumbed to the hardships to 
which they were exposed. 

Meanwhile, at the beginning of the disaffection, on me- 
morials of Moses Foot and of Joseph Guernsey and others, 
two new companies had been formed in Waterbury, as the 
eighteenth and nineteenth companies of the Tenth militia 
regiment. 

When the men returned in December, from the cam- 
paign of 1775, Capt. Porter was made major of the Tenth. 
At this time, it may be said, many held commissions both 
in the army and in the militia, and sometimes the higher 
commission was in the army. 

The winter was one of continual anxiety and the follow- 
ing summer came a call from Gen. Washington for the 
militia to drive the enemy from about New York, he has- 
tening on after the evacuation of Boston. Connecticut al- 
ready had eight continental and nine state regiments in 
the field but responded at once to the request. The first 
requisition called out 14 regiments lying west of the river 
and the second nine lying east of it, to serve till the exi- 
gency was over. Raw and undisciplined, the militia proved 
of little assistance, contributing in no small degree to the 
panic at Kip's bay, September 15. 

Maj. Porter became major of the Fifth battalion of Gen. 
Wadsworth's brigade, the fourth company of which was 
from Waterbury, officered as follows : John Lewis, Jr. cap- 
tain; James Warner, first lieutenant; Michael Bronson, sec- 
ond lieutenant, and Joseph Beach, ensign. In the defense 
of New York, September 15, Maj. Porter was taken prisoner 
but was afterwards released, became colonel of the Tenth 
militia and was transferred to the command of the Twenty- 
eighth regiment in 1780. Many Waterbury men of the 
Tenth, with Lieut. Col. Baldwin, joined Washington's army 
in New York, in August, 1776. Ezekiel Scott was in the 
same army as captain in the Twenty-second regiment. 
David Smith as captain and Nehemiah Rice as first lieu- 



16 THE MlLlTAKTf HiSTOKt 



tenant were serving with Col. Elmore's regiment, in the 
vicinity of Albany. 

Capt. Smith became major of the Eighth "Connecticut 
Line," sub-inspector of Varnum's brigade at Valley Forge, 
where he spent the famous winter of 1777-8, and brigadier- 
major of the Second Connecticut brigade. May 13, 1779. 
In Col. Heman Swift's battalion, raised for service with 
Gen. Gates, in the vicinity of Ticonderoga, July to Novem- 
ber, 1776, Stephen Matthews of Waterbury commanded the 
fourth company and Amos Hecock, Jr., was second lieu- 
tenant. 

July 4, 1776, memorable day, the householders of the 
place formed an independent company under Jonathan 
Curtis captain, Timothy Pond lieutenant, and Samuel Sco- 
vill ensign, armed themselves and reported for duty. A 
Waterbury company in Col. Thadeus Cook's Second battal- 
ion of volunteers, raised in November, 1776, to serve till 
March 15, 1777, was officered by Benjamin Richards cap- 
tain, Isaac Bronson, Jr. first lieutenant, William Law sec- 
ond lieutenant, Benjamin Fenn, Jr, ensign. 

Near the close of that year, the Assembly formed the 
militia, 23,000 men, into two divisions, six brigades, 24 regi- 
ments, (all male persons between 16 and 60, with certain 
exceptions) to serve in case of alarm. This is the first 
appearance of the division and brigade formation. David 
Woosterand Jabez Huntington were major-generals; Eliph- 
alet Dyer, Gurdon Saltonstall, Oliver Wolcoft, Erastus 
Wolcott, James Wadsworth and Gold S. Silliman, briga- 
dier-generals; Charles Wolf, P. B. Bradley, Jedidiah Hunt- 
ington, Fisher Gay, Comfort Sage, John Douglas and 
Samuel Selden, William Douglas and John Chester, colo- 
nels. The officers of Waterbury's companies were : i, 
Capt. Phineas Castle, Lieut. Ashbel Porter ; 2, Capt. John 
Woodruff, Lieut. Thomas Dutton ; 3, Capt. Isaac Bronson, 
Lieut. Aaron Benedict; 4, Capt. Jotham Curtis, Lieut'. 
Timothy Pond; 5, Capt. Stephen Seymour, Lieut. Daniel 
Sanford ; 6, Capt. Josiah Terrel, Lieut. Stephen Hopkins. 



OF WATEBBtTRY. 17 



The Legislature now ordered eight regiments to serve 
during the war, Waterbury's quota of which was 131 men. 
The officers under this call were Capt. David Smith and 
Lieut. Michael Bronson. The town voted bounties of 12 
pounds a year and a fund for the families of the soldiers. 
In addition it was called upon to provide clothing for the 
men themselves. Material was wanting. At the begin- 
ning of the war, blue had been adopted for the regimen- 
tal colors but as it was not to be had green was substi- 
tuted. All thought of color for anything was now forgot- 
ten in the desire to get cloth. Such was the scarcity that 
the general could not order uniforms but he urged the use 
of " hunting shirts, with long breeches of the same cloth, 
made gaiter fashion about the legs." It was thought such 
a costume, while being suitable for all seasons, would 
impress the enemy with the idea that each man was a 
marksman. All lead obtainable was melted into bullets. 

The quota for the Continental " Line " filling up but 
slowly, Gov. Trumbull acceded to Gen. Washington's re- 
quest to send a body of militia in the spring of 1777 to serve 
six weeks at Peekskill, where Gen. MacDougall was then 
posted. Three regiments were ordered. Jesse Curtis and 
Amos Barnes were captains in Col. Hooker's command. 
Taking advantage of this weakening. Gen. Tryon made his 
attack upon Danbury in April. Among the Waterbury men 
who went to assist in driving him back was Aner Bradley, 
who was wounded in the side. 

During the summer of this year more militia was called 
out for the guarding of the Highlands on the Hudson. Of 
the 25 companies under command of Lieut. -Col. Baldwin on 
this brief expedition, 12 (numbering only 193 men) were 
commanded by Waterbury officers. They were Capts. Ben- 
jamin Richards, Samuel Bronson, John Woodruff, Phineas 
Castle, John Lewis, Jesse* Curtis, Thomas Fenn, Nathaniel 
Barnes, Josiah Terrell, Jotham Curtis, and Joseph Garnsey 
and Lieut. Aaron Benedict. Lucius Tuttle was an ensign. 
Among the men with Gen. Gates, at the capture of Gen. 



18 THE MrLITAKT HISTOBT 



Burgoyne, was Lieut. Michael Bronson, wlio distinguished 
himself as adjutant of Col. Cook's regiment. 

In 1778 the military companies of Waterbury were 
formed into a distinct regiment under the name of the 
Twenty-eighth. Phineas Porter was colonel, Benjamin 
Richards (Westbury) lieutenant-colonel, and Jesse Curtis 
(Northbury) major. One of the Waterbury companies was 
known as the " Ringbone." 

In each succeeding year the demands for more men to 
carry on the war were met, but, although only a few at a 
time were called for, it is difficult for us to comprehend 
how hard it was to find them. Pay, food and clothing 
were insufficient. Each town meeting, regular or special, 
appointed committees to see that Waterbury's quota was 
kept filled and also to make sure that the levies for food 
and raiment for the army were met. If a man refused to 
pay the high taxes, he was assessed double the amount. 
Not only was the town obliged to guarantee to the soldiers 
the wages from the State, but also to eke out the amount in 
later days in order to furnish an inducement, small co'nfi- 
dence being placed in the promises to pay on the part of 
Congress. 

As the sea coast was under the control of the enemy, the 
road passing through Waterbury east and west was the 
most important thoroughfare connecting New England 
with the other states. Consequently it was frequently 
traversed by the different armies with their wagon trains. 
When the small-pox broke out among the soldiers it spread 
so rapidly in the vicinity that it was necessary to grant to 
the citizens liberty to inoculate. In April 1784, Dr. Abel 
Bronson established a pest-house in Middlebury. 

After the capture of Burgoyne, a detachment of the army 
pitched their tents for a night in the Manhan meadows. 
On different occasions Gen. Washington and Gen. Lafay- 
ette passed through here once and perhaps twice. It was 
probably in 1778 that Lafayette stopped at Capt. Isaac 
Bronson's tavern at Breakneck (Middlebury.) He also 
spent one night at Joseph Hopkins's. It may have been in 



OP WATBRBtTRY. 19 



1780 that Washington, accompanied by Gen. Knox and an 
escort, dined at the same place. Tradition has it that he 
was here again at a later date. 

The population of the whole town in 1774 was 3,526, and 
its grand list ;£39,826. In 1790 the population of Water- 
bury was 2,937 and of Watertown, which had been set off 
from it, 3,170 ; total, 6,107. Waterbury's grand list was 

^19.797- 

Connecticut had contributed more men for the war than 
any other State, except Massachusetts, the number being 
31,939. In general orders in 1782, Washington spoke of the 
Connecticut brigade as " composed of as fine a body of 
men as any in the army," and he called for a review of the 
men, after which he gave the highest honor to the Second 
brigade of the State, the only command that ever won such 
praise from him. 



30 THE MILITART HISTOKT 



III. The Twenty-Sixth Regiment. 

It is frequently stated that the first military organization 
in Waterbury after the Revolutionary war was in 1793. The 
fact is that, from the close of the war down to the reorgani- 
zation in 1816, tiljere were companies (or officers) enough in 
the original Waterbury district to make up almost the 
whole of the Twenty-sixth regiment of the Second brigade, 
First division, while the old Tenth of the same brigade still 
retained some members here, Samuel Camp, captain in the 
Revolutionary war, being lieutenant-colonel in 1790. Water- 
town was set off in 1780, Plymouth in 1795, Wolcott in 1796, 
Oxford in 1798 and Middlebury in 1807. (Prospect became 
a separate town in 1827 and Naugatuck in 1844.) There is 
abundant reason, then, for inserting the names of all the 
officers of the Twenty-sixth regiment down to 1816, in the 
list of commissioned officers at the end of this book, the 
exact dwelling places of most of them, under the new 
boundaries, being quite changeable and uncertain. They are 
all " Waterbury" names, familiar even to this generation. 
It will be observed that many of the officers attained to 
high rank. It is also noticeable in the records of those 
days, that most of the representatives and leading men 
were officers in the regiment. There is no question but 
that they were earnest men. 

In 1793, Lieut. Col. David Smith had risen to the rank of 
brigadier-general, commanding the Eighth brigade. Fourth 
division, to which the Twenty-sixth now belonged, and 
Maj. Aner Bradley was lieutenant-colonel with William 
Leavenworth (2d) major, and Isaac Bronson paymaster. 
In the summer of that year, still another company was 
formed with Noah Baldwin as captain. The Tenth was 
assigned to the Second brigade, Second division. 

As in colonial days, all able-bodied men were subject to 
bear arms and constituted the active militia, the regularly 



OF •WATEBBUBY. 21 



drilled companies being the " trained " or " train bands." 
The state officers consisted of a captain-general, lieutenant- 
general and a brigadier-general, and a brigadier-major to 
each of the eight brigades. The officers wore blue coats 
faced with red, lined with white, white underdress, white 
buttons and blue worsted knot on each shoulder. The men 
wore "white frocks and overalls." The light infantrymen 
were distinguished by a black feather tipped with red, 
worn in the hat. 

The next year, in addition to the infantry companies, 
there was a troop of horse, attached to the Eighth regiment 
of the Eighth brigade. It was composed of Waterbury and 
Watertown men, with Samuel Gunn as captain. 

When Washington was once more called to the head of 
the army by the French alarm, a body of 5,882 Connecticut 
militia was detached in 1794, for active service if necessa- 
ry. In 1806, at the time of the English embargo, a detach- 
ment of 3,420 was made but was dismissed in 1809. When 
Bridgeport was threatened in the war of 1812, the Sixth 
and Eighth brigades were called upon to be in readiness. 



23 THE MTLTTA'RY HISTORY 



IV. The War of 1812. 



From the founding of the colony, through the period of 
the Revolutionary war, there had been no regular uniform 
for the men, though some had worn "blue trimmed up 
with red," in addition to the cocked hat, during the war. 
White frocks and overalls were also not uncommon. After 
the war, there was a nondescript dress, sometimes called 
the " national uniform," already described. The weapons 
had been culverines, pikes, cutlasses and the flint-lock mus- 
ket. The flint-lock, though superseded by the percussion 
cap musket some time previous, was not rejected by 
statute until 1864. Bayonets, at first fastened into the muz- 
zles of the guns and then, in the early part of the eight- 
eenth century, being made detachable, gradually took the 
place of the pikes. Some carried cartouches with spaces 
for 16 rounds of ammunition, but the powder-horn and 
shot pouch were the more generally used even during the 
Revolution. 

From 181 1 to 1815, a distinct uniform was prescribed as fol- 
lows, for the militia: Short blue coats lined with white, faced, 
collared and cuffed with red ; stiff, stand-up collar ; front 
corners of coat turned up with red ; white woolen vest ; blue 
woolen trousers ; all white buttons ; black stock, of leather, 
velvet or woven hair ; round black hat with japanned front- 
ispiece ornamented with a gilt spread eagle and the number 
of the company and regiment ; black feather with red tip, to 
rise five inches above the crown of the hat. For this was soon 
substituted a hat of " common crown," brim turned up on 
left side to the top of the crown. For the men in active 
service the uniform was of similar color ; red stand-up 
collar, corners of skirts turned up and connected with a 
piece of red cloth in the shape of a diamond, trimmed with 
blue cord ; helmet of black jerk leather with a strip of 
bear-skin from the front across the crown to the back • 
black feather with red tip and a cockade four inches in di.I 
ameter made of black feathers. 



OP ■WATEKBtTRT. 33 



When the war broke out, John Buckingham was adju- 
tant of the Twenty-sixth, Aner Bradley, Jr., paymaster 
and J. M. L. Scovill sergeant-major. James Brown com- 
manded one Waterbury company with Edmond Austin as 
lieutenant and Gideon Piatt as ensign. Lemuel Porter, 
predecessor of Capt. Brown, was major of the regiment 
the next year. 

John Buckingham and Aner Bradley were both commis- 
sioned by Gov. John Cotton Smith as captains of companies 
for the defense of the State, but as only one company was 
raised the command fell to Buckingham. The whole 3,000 
men raised in the State were to be divided into two brig- 
ades, under the command of Maj. Gen. Solomon Cowles. 
The local company was made the eighth company of the 
First regiment, Lieut. Col. Tim Shepard, later Col. Elihu 
Sanford, First brigade. The men were from Waterbury, 
Watertown, Bethlehem and Plymouth, and the full roster 
is as follows, those marked with an asterisk serving only 
from August 3 or 13 to September 16 or 20, i8i3,and those 
with a dagger only from September 8 to October 20, 1814, 
the others serving during both periods : 

Captain, John Buckingham. 

First Lieutenant, Joseph Bellamy. 

Second Lieutenants, James M. L. Scovill,* Sheldon 
Hotchkiss.f 

Ensign, Stevens Shelton. 

Sergeants: Eli Thompson, Israel Williams,* Leveret 
Bishop,* Daniel Benham, Joseph Tuttle.f 

Corporals: Lewis Osborn (prom, sergt.), Isaac B. Castle, 
Benjamin S. Welton,* Norris North.* 

Musicians: George Lewis,* Joseph Steel,* John Thomp- 
son, Butler Dunbar, Andrew Bradley. 



Privates. 



William H. Allen, Primous Bennett, f Jonathan Bradley, 

Orrin Austin, f Abraham Blackman, Asa Bronson, 

Reuben Bartholomew, Eldad Bradley, Augustus Bronson, 

Joseph Beebe,* (prom. corp.), Augustus Brown.f 

Nathan Benjamin, Isaac Bradley, Isaac Bronson, f 



24 



THE MILITAEY HISTORY 



Isaac Brown,* 
Ralph Brown, 
Chester P. Buckley,-)- 
Calvin Burwell, 
Isaac Byington,f 
Ezra Canfield,f 
Asahel Castle, 
Bethel S. Castle, 
Levi Castle, 
Seth Castle, 
William H. Castle, 
Clark Thompson, 
Loami Fenu,* 
Jarvis Fitch,f 
Sheldon Gibbs, 
Reuben Hall,* 
David HaU, 
Sherman HaU,* 
Lovet Hawley, 



Privates — continued. 

Leonard Hecock,f 
Chauncy Jerome, 
Lyman Jerome,* 
Isaac Leavenworth, 
Blisha S. Lewis,* 
George Lewis,* 
Ransom Lewis, 
Horace W. Mather,* 
Horace Mathews,* 
Florian Mathews,f 
Miles Newton, 

(prom. Corp.), 
Isaac Nichols,! 
Luther Pierpont, 
Samuel Porter, 
Austin Pierpont, 
Seabury Pierpont, 
Asher Pritchard, 
Joseph P. Eiggs,* 



Eaton Samson,* 
Ransom Saxton,f 
Stebbins Saxton, 
Asa Scovill,-f- 
Joseph ScovilI,f 
Abijah C. Stoddard 
Mark Stone.f 
Mark Storme,* 
John Upson, 
Horatio Upson, 
Peter Vanderbogart,-|- 
Ard Warner, 
Arad W. Weltou, 
Eri Welton, 
Spencer Wickem,* 
Leonard Wilcox,* 
Lewis Wirt,* 
Amos C. Woodruff, f 
69 Privates. 



It was a time of great confusion and much display of 
feeling. New England states denied the right of the 
president to call out the militia and put them under com- 
mand of a federal officer; they declaimed on the inexpedi- 
ency of the conflict and were inclined to assume toward 
the government an attitude of supreme independence. In 
consequence, excitement ran high on the day of the depart- 
ure of the company from Watertown. But Capt. Bucking- 
ham and his men were thoroughly in earnest. People had 
gathered from far and near to see them off and perchance 
to drop a few words of suggestion or criticism. When the 
preparations had been completed, the Rev. Mr. Griswold 
approached the captain and besought him to march his 
men to the meeting-house, that the minister might invoke 
a blessing upon them. The captain consented on one con- 
dition, and that was that the minister make no mention of 
the war, threatening that, if the condition were not com- 
plied with, he would immediately order his men out of the 
sanctuary. It is needless to remark that the invocation 
was unpartisan in its nature. After the ceremony, the 



OF "WATBRBURY. 35 



men sallied forth for New London, trusting God to keep 
their powder dry. These were men whose soundness of 
judgment and inflexibility of purpose in later years 
brought to the Naugatuck valley a large part of its indus- 
trial wealth. 

In 1814, Waterbury men to the number of 15 enlisted in 
the regular army and served about one year. 

During this war a corps known as the " volunteer ex- 
empts " was formed. Of the Second regiment of this corps, 
Frederick Wolcott was colonel and Aner Bradley lieuten- 
ant colonel. There was one company in Watertown but 
none in Waterbury. 

Maj. Porter was promoted to the lieutenant colonelcy of 
the Twenty-sixth in 1815, which in that day was the high- 
est regimental office, and Aaron Benedict became adju- 
tant. Those were the last promotions for Waterbury men 
under the. old regime. 



26 THE MrLlTABT HISTOBT 



V. The First Flank and Battalion Companies. 

The total of the militia in 1813 was 12,582, all active, no 
" enrollment." There were four divisions, each composed 
of two brigades and each brigade averaging about 50 com- 
panies. Waterbury's contingent belonged to the Eighth 
brigade. Brig. Gen. Hinman, Fourth division, Maj. Gen. 
Taylor commanding. 

This great body of men being difficult to handle, in the 
year 1815 there was one of those periodical reorganizations 
in which relief was sought, generally in vain. The number 
of regiments was fixed at 25, 10 companies to a regiment, 
the number of brigades at six and the number of divisions 
at three, the law to take eifect the following year. In each 
regiment there was a grenadier or light infantry.company, 
later two. There were five regiments of cavalry, each 
attached to a brigade of infantry, a regiment containing 
four troops with 14 privates in each. Then there was 
a brigade of artillery, two regiments of light and two 
of heavy artillery, and 20 companies of riflemen, each 
attached to some regiment of infantry. With the cavalry 
and artillery gradually diminishing, this formation contin- 
ued till 1847. In the infantry, the light infantry company 
was designated the flank company and contained 64 pri- 
vates. Later there were two of them to each regiment. 
The others were called battalion companies. Uniforms 
were no longer in vogue. 

By this reorganization the distinctively Waterbury com- 
pany, founded in 1793, became the First Flank company of 
the Twenty-second regiment. Second brigade. First divis- 
ion, Maj. Gen. Solomon Cowles commanding. A second 
"Waterbury company made the First Battalion company of 
the regiment. Brig. Gen. John Brainard commanded the 
brigade and Col. Lemuel Porter the regiment. James 
Brown was captain of the Flank company, Gideon Piatt 
Jr., first lieutenant and Samuel Root ensign. Of 



OF VrATERBUBT. 37 



the Battalion company, Bela Welton was captain, Pliny- 
Sheldon lieutenant and Ransom Scovill ensign. Capt. 
Brown became lieutenant-colonel the next year and Capt. 
Welton major, with Ambrose Ives as surgeon. 

John Buckingham was appointed colonel of the Second 
regiment of riflemen, a position which he held from 1816 
to 1 818. There was one company of riflemen in Water- 
town but none in Waterbury. In 1820 Waterbury was in- 
cluded in the broad district covered by the Fourth cavalry 
company, and later in the district covered by the First 
horse artillery, but there were not many members of these 
organizations here. 

The records of the light infantry Flank company for 
many years are still carefully preserved and were recently 
presented to Company A, Second, C. N. G.,by Aner Bradley, 
into whose possession they had been given by Lieut. George 
Prichard. The names of their officers and men are 
so familiar to-day as to best show that those " men of old " 
are indeed one with us. On Capt. Brown's promotion to the 
lieutenant-colonelcy, he was succeeded by Samuel Root. 
The lieutenants were Anson Sperry and Nathaniel R. 
Morris. 

The list of non-commissioned officers, May i, 1817, was: 

Sergeants, Anson Sperry, Enos Warner, Horace Porter, 
Jesse Scott. 

Corporals, Asahel Pritchard, Ransom Gibbs and Samuel 
Finch. 

Fifes, David Gibbs, Harvey Hill. 

Drummers, Samuel Cook, Charles Leonard. 

Privates. 

Augustus A. Terrell, Lyman Bradley, Philemon Holt, 

Samuel Ada us, James Chatfield, Joseph Holt, 

Luther Allen, Asahel Clark, * Artemas Hoadley, 

Horatio G. Bronson, Stephen Cowell, Silas Hotchkiss, 

Andrew Bryan, John Downs, Isaac Hiue, 

Anson Bronson, Selah Frost, John Hine, 

Isaac Bronson, Van I. Frost, Horace Hotchkiss, 

Jesse Brown, - David Hayden, Ansel Merrell, 



28 THB MILITAKY HISTOBY 



Privates — continued. 

Levi M. Marks, David Perkins, Daniel Tuttle, 

Humplirey Nicols, Channcev Root, Hiram Upson, 

Simeon C. Nieols, Mark Scott, Brastus Warner, 

Garry Nettletou, L. W. Scott, Kansom Warner, 

Roger Pricliard, Stephen Scovill, Richard Worthington, 

Gains Prichard, Amedeus Sperry, Calvin Barwell. 

Chauncey Priudle, Lamberton Tolles, 

How closely those names were identified with the busi- 
ness interests of the community every student of local 
history knows. 

And those were the days when Napoleon said the time 
was coming when no cannon could be fired anywhere in 
the world without the consent of the United States. 
Oliver Wolcott of Litchfield was captain-general of the 
Connecticut militia, Jonathan IngersoU lieutenant-gen- 
eral, and Eben Huntington adjutant-general. 

In the following long days of peace there is little to re- 
cord save the election of officers, of whom a full list is given 
at the end of this sketch. In 1818, W. R. Hitchcock was 
adjutant of the Twenty-second. In 1832, Chauncey Root 
had attained the colonelcy, with Enoch W. Frost major. 
David B. Hurd worked his way up to the command of the 
regiment in 1838. Stephen Payne was lieutenant-colonel, 
L. C. Hall major, A. P. Judd adjutant, Graham Hurd pay- 
master, the Rev. Jacob L. Clark of Waterbury chaplain 
and Daniel Porter, Jr., surgeon. The next year Col. Hurd 
went one step higher and became commander of the Sec- 
ond brigade. Merit Heminway of Watertown commanded 
the Sixth brigade. E. J. Porter reached the rank of lieu- 
tenant-colonel in 1839, Levi Bolster in 1841, and Richard 
Welton that of colonel in 1844. Edwin C. Birdseye was 
lieutenant-colonel and O. Ives Martin major. The staff 
consisted of Lucius P. Bryan, Waterbury, adjutant; Linus 
Birdseye, quartermaster; A. H. Martin, paymaster; the 
Rev. A. Darrow, chaplain; Timothy Langdon, surgeon, and 
A. C. Woodward, surgeon's mate. The next year Elmore 
E. Downs was paymaster and the Rev. Jacob L. Clark 
chaplain. Col. Welton resigned in 1846. 



OF ■WATBRBTJBY. 



Another seemingly important incident in this period 
was the order promulgated in 1823 that thenceforth the 
flank companies should wear uniforms. In contrast with 
these the other or " battalion" companies were dubbed 
" Ragtoes;" but in course of time the distinction was nearly 
if not quite obliterated. 

There are two other Waterbury military men whose 
names should be mentioned here, Maj. Julius J. Backus 
Kingsbury and Capt. Reuben Holmes, of the regular 
army, who graduated together from West Point in 1823. 
Both distingfuished themselves in the Black Hawk and 
other Indian wars. Holmes became a captain of dragoons. 
He died of cholera near St. Louis in 1853. Kingsbury was 
promoted captain February 13, 1837, was breveted major 
in August, 1848, for bravery in the Mexican war, and was 
appointed major of the First Infantry, May 7, 1849. He 
was dismissed from the service January 27, 1853, and died 
in Washington four years later. 

At a period when a great change was about to take 
place, it is worth while to glance back at the military cus- 
toms of the century up to this date. There were few regu- 
lar drills by companies, but twice a year the companies 
and once a year the regiments met for parade and inspec- 
tion, in the fall and in the spring. The Twenty-second 
met usually in Cheshire, Meriden or Waterbury, with head- 
quarters at some tavern or inn. Each man must have 
eight cartridges, blank or weighing an i8th of a pound 
each, two flints, one priming wire with brushes and one 
powder horn in addition to the muskets, bayonets, knap- 
sacks, etc. The commissioned and non-commissioned offi- 
cers held meetings before and after training days, at which 
time they imposed fines for non-attendance at parades and 
meetings and transacted routine business. Generally 
these meetings were held at some tavern, and later, with 
the company meetings also, at the Tontine Hotel, which 
was on the south corner of Bank street and Harrison alley 
and of which Horace Porter was the far-famed proprietor. 
The customs of the day are indicated by such simple 



30 THB MILITAKT HISTOBY 



records as these : " Bill for liquors, cake, cheese, pie, crack- 
ers, wine and cider, p; paid." " Liquor bill paid by Silas 
Hotchkiss and Abner Scott [privates], they having ap- 
peared with their evidence to get off their fines." "No 
bill this evening." " Rum, crackers and cheese, i shilling 
each ; paid." 

Training days were the red letter days of the year for 
the towns in which they were held, not unlike those of 
the previous century which have already been described. 
Ministers, magistrates and veterans were invited to the one 
grand banquet following the "parade," and everyone drank 
to the health of the guests, never forgetting the clergy. 
The officers bore the expense in this ratio: Captain 5, 
lieutenant 4, ensign 3, sergeant 2, cprporal i. The parades 
became more and more of a farce. The men presented 
little uniformity of appearance, either in dress or disci- 
pline. The names on the book of the First Flank 
company August 26, 1837, were put down on condition that 
the dress be made " a plain blue coat, white pantaloons, 
white vest, and pantaloons to be trimmed with black rib- 
bon three-quarters of an inch wide ; also common black 
hat with blue plume cockade and tassel, black stock and 
boots and red belt to go around the shoulder." This cos- 
tume gave them the nickname of " The Blues." 



OF WATERBTjaY. 31 



VI. Following The Flood Wood Period. 

With the year 1840 came a touch of discord ; perhaps so 
long a peace had brought that carelessness which was 
Csesar's dread. In the latter '30's the degenerated militia 
had been termed in ridicule the Flood Woods, a suggestive 
title for the rag-tag-and-bob-tail that appeared on training 
days. " The Fantastics" was the title of a motley crowd of 
men and boys that came out on Fourth of Jtily and on 
other holidays, to make sport like so many clowns. They 
were armed with clubs, broomsticks and wooden swords, 
yet, parading together, it would have been difficult to dis- 
tinguish between them and the Flood Woods. Discipline 
was held in contempt. 

But up to this time promotion with all its emptiness had 
been in regular order. This year, however, the members 
of the Flank company elected as captain one Robert John- 
son, Jr., an outsider and almost a stranger. There was 
little to be said against his military qualities since he had 
received " a military education in the school at Middletown." 
But he appeared a veritable martinet to the easy-going 
Waterbury militiamen and, basing their complaint on the 
manner of his election, they forthwith proceeded to exer- 
cise their innate spirit of independence. Matters were 
brought to a crisis in May, 1842. This is the last entry in 
the record book : 

" This may certify that the following persons, members 
of the 'First Flank company, Twenty-second regiment, ap- 
peared near the house of John Sandland in Waterbury, on 
the first Monday in May, 1842, agreeable to a warning 
issued by Robert Johnson, then captain of said company. 
He not appearing the members were inspected by George 
Prichard, lieutenant of said company, and were found by 
him to be completely armed and equipped according to 

law. 

"Attest, Charles Scott, Clerk." 



33 THE MILITAET HISTOKT 



George Pritchard, Edward B. Leavenworth, David Wel- 
ton, Reuben Tyler, Samuel Taylor, Ralph Guilford, Renel 
F. Sanford, Charles Scott, William N. Russell." 

In the very hour 'of its semi-centennial, the Flank com- 
pany refused to recognize the authority of its captain. 
Only a short time before, when it appeared under command 
of Lieut. Prichard at a celebration in Cheshire, it was said 
of it: "There is no better military company in the State. 
Their uniform is of blue broadcloth and silk with gilt 
buttons made expressly for them." 

In 1835, Stephen Payne, who was colonel in 1839, com- 
manded a battalion company in which were many Prospect 
men. The returns of the company were scanty and it is 
not known that their records are extant. The officers' 
names are given in the list at the end of the book. 

For light on the chaotic period which followed these 
days with the final expiring flicker of the First Battalion 
company, we are indebted largely to the researches of 
Aner Bradley and to the recollections of some of the vete- 
rans of those days. Although there had been some distin- 
guished men among the officers, the existence of the Bat- 
talion company on the whole had been rather precarious. 
Lucius Curtis was the last captain chosen before the elec- 
tion of Richard Welton and the ensuing brief revival. In 
the summer of 1840, pursuant to the orders of Brig.-Gen. 
D. B. Hurd, the men assembled on the green to make 
choice of a commander. They came provided with pitch- 
forks, broom handles and axe helves; blacksmiths with their 
sleeves rolled up and wearing their aprons, farmers in 
their roughest dress and every one else, who could spare 
the time, dressed in working clothes and bent upon 
having some rare comedy. But Gen. Hurd was on hand, 
equally determined that there should be some regard for 
law and order. In voting the men passed through between 
the sides of the old hay scales which were where the Carrie 
Welton drinking fountain now stands. For nearly two 
hours they had their sport, voting for all the incompetent 
" characters " of the town they could think of. At last 



OF -WATEBBURT. 



much to his own surprise, Mr. Curtis was elected, to the sat- 
isfaction of the general. With the others, he looked upon 
the matter as' a good deal of a joke. Placing him 
at the head of the procession, the men marched 
around the town, impressing a farmer's wagon on 
the w;ay, until they brought up at the Mansion house, 
kept by Edward S. Chittenden. According to the 
spirit of the times, Capt. Curtis brought forth pail 
after pail of rum punch with which the men regaled them- 
selves until, becoming boisterous, they made dire threats 
against Curtis. At this juncture however, the general in- 
terfered, the captain went home in peace and the general 
retired, remarking that if they had not elected a captain he 
would have kept them on the green all night. 

Capt. Curtis * proved a good man for the position and 
was enthusiastically assisted in his difficult task by Richard 
Welton and Henry Merriman who were elected lieutenant 
and ensign the following year to succeed Arthur Hunt 
and George Merriman. Capt. Curtis was succeeded by 
Lieut. Richard Welton. Mr. Welton. a man of considerable 
property, was perhaps the most popular man in town. His 
stage route to Meriden was deservedly famous for its 
splendid equipment and good service. Whatever he put 
his hand to succeeded. The company had reason to con- 
gratulate itself when he took command. But in 1844 Capt. 
Welton became Col. Welton. Lieut. Merriman, backed 
by Ensign Charles T. Grilley, kept the command of the 
company until W. B. Umberfield was elected captain in 
1845. Daniel Judd and Henry Smith came in with him as 
lieutenant and ensign. 

September 16, 1845, Col. Welton held a review of the regi- 
ment in Waterbury. In its palmiest days it had paraded a 
good rooo men but now only 450 responded to the call and 
after a parade and prayer by Chaplain Jacob L. Clark, the 

*During the Rebellion he went as a corporal in Company C of the 
Fourteenth C. V. , one of the oldest men in the regiment but determined 
to help his country in time of need. He was wounded at Antietam and 
returned home to live to a ripe old age. 
3 



34 THE MELITAKT HISTOET 



men were dismissed for dinner. In tlie afternoon they 
were reviewed by Brig.-Gen. F. D. Mills, who bestowed 
much praise upon the Waterbury company, but more upon 
that from Meriden. The fact was that, do what they 
might, interest was waning. Naugatuck having been set 
off, the population of Waterbury was but 3393 and the 
young men here as elsewhere had too much pride to have 
any thing to do with a burlesque such as the militia had 
become. Col. Welton finding that he had undertaken too 
great a task in bringing the Twenty-second up to its old 
standard resigned in 1846. Edwin Birdseye succeeded him 
and was the last colonel of the regiment. The great change 
in the militia system of the state took place the following 
year. 

Although Waterbury made no more returns of a company 
and had no representation in the new Second regiment 
until 1854 a company was kept up after a fashion under 
Capt. Umberfield and Capt. Henry Smith with consider- 
able aid from Paymaster Samuel Pritchard who was also 
called "captain." 



OF WATERBTJilT. 35 



VIL The Mexican War. 



Since the Mexican war was not one " to enforce the laws 
of the union, to suppress insurrection " nor " to repel in- 
vasion," under the law the militia as such could not be 
ordered out. Consequently the president made a call for 
1 2' months' troops in 1846. The people of Connecticut hav- 
ing weighed the matter carefully concluded that as yet 
there was 'no necessity of their traveling that distance to 
settle the quarrel and did not respond with even as much 
alacrity as they did in 1812. 

Early in 1847 a New Haven paper said that Charles E. 
Moss had raised a company of 70 dragoons in this vicinity 
with the expectation that they would be accepted by the 
president under the new law. " They are active, stalwart 
boys and will follow where any man dare lead." The item 
was copied into the Boston papers much to the amusement 
of the Waterbury people who had not seen or heard of even 
the first man who had actually enrolled his name in this 
company of stalwart dragoons. It was true that Mr. Moss 
had proffered his services to his country but in general, 
while entertaining charitable views concerning the war, 
the people in this section, all parties included, were not 
inclined to give it a very hearty support. A meeting was 
called of those in favor of sustaining the action of the gov- 
ernment and to condemn the Wilmot proviso. It resulted 
in a failure, the chairman of the meeting having opened it 
by declaring his approval of the proviso and his unwaver- 
ing hostility to the extension of slavery. The " dragoons " 
were the subject of considerable ridicule, one man describ- 
ing them thus 

" Those seventy hypothetical loons 
Called ' Capt. Moss's stalwart dragons.' " 

In March 1847, Lieut. Asa A. Stoddard came here and 
established a recruiting station in Washington hall for the 



36 THE MILITARY HISTOBT 



United States infantry. For a time the uniforms of sev- 
eral who enlisted served as a bait to others but their num- 
ber was few. Then Capt. Lorenzo Johnson came and ob- 
tained lo recruits for the lo regiments that were to be in 
readiness at a moment's notice. Lieut. Stoddard's recruits 
left for Newport (with the only regiment New England 
raised) in April whence they sailed May 28 in the steamer 
North Bend for Vera Cruz to join Gen. Scott's command, 
reaching there June 26. Charles E. Moss, later a sergeant 
in the Third dragoons, was one of them. They were as- 
signed to the Ninth regiment to serve under Brig. Gen. 
Pierce of New Hampshire. The regiment showed great 
bravery at the storming of Chepultepec, being the first to 
mount the wall. It was in this war that Maj. Kingsbury 
won his brevet. Dr. A. N. Bell of Waterbury was a sur- 
geon in the Gulf squadroa. 

The enlisted men who went from here were : Joseph 
Grilley (deserted), Lewis E. Grilley (died October 16), 
Manly Grilley (record of service not shown), Sergt. 
Edmund B. Gilbert (Goshen), and James Ranger (record of 
service not shown) all of Company I, Ninth infantry, 
enlisted March 20, 1847 ; Henry R. Hatchett, Companies A 
and B, Ninth infantry, March 17, 1847, died September 17, 
1847; Samuel L. Hickox (New Haven) Companies G and I, 
Ninth infantry, March 20 to December 6, 1847; George F. 
Hotchkiss (Cheshire), Companies G and I, Ninth infantry, 
April 19, 1847, to August 21, 1848; Charles E. Moss (Litch- 
field) Company K, Ninth infantry, transferred to Company 
E, Third dragoons and promoted sergeant, March 18, 1847 
to July 24, 1848; Charles Phelps, Company E, Sixth infan- 
try, March 18, 1847, to July 31, 1848 



OF WATBEBITRY. 37 



VIII. Militia Reorganization -Company H. 

The militia of the State in 1848 had attained its greatest 
number, 53,191, of whom 1,704 were riflemen, 1,575 artillery, 
508 heavy artillery and 692 cavalry. There were 960 com- 
panies divided into six brigades. The condition of affairs 
throughout the State was practically the same as we have 
seen in Waterbury. What was everybody's business was 
nobody's. Realizing the need of a radical change, the 
General Assembly in 1847 decided to make two classes of 
all able-bodied males between 18 and 35 (later 45), the ac- 
tive and the inactive or enrolled militia. The commuta- 
tion or poll tax was fixed at |i (later $2), which entitled 
the citizen to exemption from service. Duty for at least 
three successive days was required of the soldiers, the 
State to pay them $1.50 a day. There was to be but one 
division and two brigades, four regiments to each brigade. 
The First, Third, Fifth and Seventh regiments of Hart- 
ford, New London, Tolland and Windham counties re- 
spectively formed the First brigade, and the Second, 
Fourth, Sixth and Eighth of New Haven, Litchfield, Mid- 
dletown and Fairfield counties the Second. The office of 
third lieutenant was substituted for that of ensign. All 
ununiformed and most uniformed infantry companies 
were disbanded, the Waterbury companies being legally 
abolished in 1848. The uniform consisted of a dark blue, 
double-breasted coat edged with white cassimere; turn 
back and skirt linings of white; silvered buttons; black 
beaver cap seven and a half inches high with lacquered 
sunk top seven and a half inches in diameter; a band of 
black patent leather encircling the bottom of the cap; a 
black patent leather peak; silver bugle with number of the 
regiment and surmounted by a gilt eagle; plume of white 
feathers; chin strap; trousers of sky-blue with white 
stripes. The Second regiment. Col. Nicholas S. Hallen- 
beck of New Haven, was made up of companies in this 



38 THE MILITARY HISTOET 



vicinity, including one from Wolcott, but Waterbury had 
no formal representation. William T. King of Sharon 
was brigadier-general. Clark Bissell was governor and 
George P. Shelton of Southbury, adjutant general. The 
number of companies was again reduced, in 1850, to 99 
with 2,904 men and once more in 1852 to 58 companies, 
2,045 men. 

In actual fact, the State had as yet done little for the mi- 
litia. The volunteers who succeeded the ridiculous Flood 
Woods were the very best of material ; but, in Connecticut 
as in the other states, it was to require a Bull Run to dem- 
onstrate that zeal and patriotism alone, even when united 
with Spartan courage, cannot make the soldier. The first 
bloody disasters of the war and the succeeding long period 
of delay in active hostilities were due to nothing so much 
as to the criminal negligence of the states in failing to 
properly encourage or support their citizen soldiers during 
the years immediately preceding. As a penalty, thousands 
of homes to-day mourn the heroes whose bravery, with lit- 
tle other science than that which costly experience taught, 
preserved the Union. 

But the mere reduction of numbers by the law of 
1847, coupled with the premonitions of danger ahead in 
the '50's, had alone served to arouse in the breasts of Wa- 
terbury men the spirit which had possessed their fore- 
fathers and which had raised so many of them to high po- 
sitions. While they had held empty titles and idle forms 
in fitting contempt, earnest organization, though still com- 
ing from the people rather than from the State, was attrac- 
tive to them. 

Early in the year 1854 there was a meeting of prominent 
young men to discuss the formation of a new military com- 
pany. In May there was talk of organizing a voluntary 
military company under the auspices of Protector Fire 
Engine company. " Father " E. B. Cooke of the American, 
always an admirer and promoter of the militia, said in the 
issue of his paper of May 26, 1854 : " No argument is 
needed from us to urge upon the community the expediency 



OF •WATEKBtrBT. 39 



or the importance of sustaining such a corps even for the 
credit of the city." And then he besought the citizens to 
help on the cause in a substantial way. 

Meanwhile John L. Chatfield and Chandler N. Wayland, 
as a committee from the meeting of young men, had been 
soliciting names for a company. Their labors being 
crowned with success, their petition was duly forwarded 
to headquarters. Thomas Guyer of South Norwalk was 
major-general of the State, N. S. Hallenbeck of New Haven 
was at the head of the Second brigade and Col. John Ar- 
nold of New Haven commanded the Second regiment of 
that brigade to which this company desired to be attached. 
In the whole State there were 49 companies with 2,467 pri- 
vates, 1,305 of whom were in the Second brigade. 

About September i, this military " corps " began to 
assume shape under the name of the American Rifle com- 
pany with Richard Hunting as captain. A New Haven 
man, startled by the word "rifle," was led to argue thus 
for the benefit of the novitiates: "Adopt the musket, 
either infantry or light infantry, instead of the rifle. The 
rifle state uniform (blue or green) and the want of bayo- 
nets makes a company look insignificant in size and 
appearance. Besides, the rifle can never be practiced in 
any infantry regiment as this one is — especially the field 
movements, and in case of rout, riflemen are not equal to 
half the number of well-armed musketeers." The musket 
was the old smooth bore firing buck-shot; the rifle fired a 
bullet. The rifle was adopted. 

The petition of the company having been granted it 
became Company H of the Second regiment. The special 
name chosen finally was City guard. The first regular 
meeting was held September 22, 1854. Wednesday even- 
ing, November i, in the presence of Col. Arnold and Capt. 
Charles T. Candee of the New Haven " Grays " in Temper- 
ance hall, full organization was completed by the election 
of the following officers: Richard Hunting captain, John 
L. Chatfield first lieutenant, (recently a lieutenant in the 
Derby company), Aner Bradley Jr. second lieutenant. 



40 THE MIIilTABY HISTORT 



Rufus Leonard, third lieutenant; sergeants, Richard Allen, 
James M. Colley, James E. Wright, Timothy Guilford; cor- 
porals, George W. Cheney, William A. Peck, George Doo- 
little, Hanford E. Isbell; musicians, C. B. Merrill, Henry 
Chatfield, Dennis Chatfield. Benjamin P. Chatfield was 
treasurer, Chandler N. Wayland clerk and Alexander Hine 
armorer. R. Hunting, Edmund Jordan, B. P. Chatfield, 
Alexander Hine and Richard Allen had been the com- 
mittee to secure the drill room. S. G. B. Beales and Mar- 
cus Coon were the committee on printing the by-laws. 
The members elected at a previous meeting, October 4, were 
Timothy Guilford, Rufus Leonard, F.A. Warner, I. G. Par- 
don Jr., Henry B. Piatt and Aner Bradley Jr. At the 
next meeting Chauncey B. Webster, Charles Espe, James 
E. Wright and Lewis Young were taken in. That night, 
October 13, they had their first experience in drill. At the 
last meeting before formal organization the new members 
elected were: John C. Eggleston, Phineas D. Warner and 
William Scott. Thus the company started out with a 
goodly number in addition to which there were 40 hon- 
orary members who were to pay $5 a year. Expenses were 
paid by renting the drill room which they had leased. 
Temperance hall over Benedict & Burnham's store at the 
corner of Bank street and Harrison alley on the very site 
of the old Tontine where the light infantry had drilled. 
The name of the drill room was soon after changed to 
Military hall. 

April 13, 1855, it was voted that the Second brigade 
should have an encampment in the fall and the question 
of locality, lying between New Haven and Waterbury, was 
decided in favor of the latter "because the New Haven 
and Hartford railroad was not liberal in its dealings with 
military companies and it was desirable to select a place 
accessible by other roads." Despite this disadvantage and 
this decision, however, the encampment was finally held 
in New Haven. The regiment was then composed of ten 
companies as follows: New Haven, four infantry and one 
artillery; Meriden, one infantry; Derby, one infantry; 



OP ■WATEKBTJRY. 41 



West Haven, one infantry; Waterbury, one infantry; Bir- 
mingham, one rifle. Stephen W. Kellogg was paymaster 
of the regiment. 

May 25, 1855, the company paraded for the first time in 
uniform. There were 40 odd names on the rolls but only 
25 turned out, "many being debarred from equipping 
themselves for the present in consequence of the disar- 
rangement of the times." With a band they marched 
through the principal streets and, says the American, " their 
soldier-like bearing was the subject of commendation by 
all who saw them and, considering the short time the sol- 
diers had for practice and drill, their maneuvering was 
highly creditable to their improvement." In the forenoon 
they lunched at the Scovill house and supper was served 
by Landlord Thayer at the City hotel in the evening. 

Companies D and E of New Haven and B of Birming- 
ham were disbanded this year because their members were 
foreign born which, according to the law, was " inconsistent 
with the spirit of our institutions." Experience was soon 
to work an emphatic abolition of such a law. 

With a full-fledged military company to help it out, the 
town now planned a monster Fourth of July celebration. 
The company, " with new plumes added to its uniform " 
and headed by Merrill's band, led the procession to a lot 
on Grove street " at the head of Willow " where there was 
to be a grand balloon ascension. Though the ascension was 
a fizzle, the people got enjoyment enough out of the sol- 
diery. August 4 there was a target shoot in the rain 
which caused the editorial comment, " They are no mere 
weather troops." And this rain on target-shoot days 
seems to have become an established thing. 

The endeavor was earnest and general to make the. mil- 
itia something more than a party of holiday excursionists. 
In 1854 the State allowed $100 a year for armory rent to 
each company. For the following year enrollment was done 
away with since Congress had voted to make the military 
appropriation according to the number of representatives 
and senators instead of according to enrollment. In 1856 



43 THE MILITARY HISTORY 



the Legislature called the attention of Congress to the 
fact that the national government still appropriated but 
$200,000 for arms for all the states, the same as in 1808. 
The poll tax was 50 cents. That year it was urged that 
uniforms be made compulsory. Guyer and Arnold being 
promoted, W. A. Leffingwell of New Haven became col- 
onel of the Second and A. H. Terry of New Haven lieuten- 
ant-colonel, Terry succeeding to the command in 1858. A 
law had been passed ordering a three days' encampment 
of the officers at Hartford for instruction under Col. W. W. 
Tompkins of New York. Despite the fact that the Water- 
bury officers " held an informal meeting in Oilman's saloon 
to consider the new law," it went into effect and the cus- 
tom was not abolished by law until the reorganization in 
1865. The law also allowed an encampment of from two 
to three days for each brigade, reduced to one day by act 
of June 24, 1859, 

Camp Ledyard, New Haven, September 5, 6, 7, 1855, was 
Company H's first camp. Just before this, August 6, Third 
Lieut. Leonard had resigned and had been succeeded by 
Sergt Wright. The New Haven Register gives lis a view 
of that camp which is not so startlingly different from 
that of to-day as seen through the lay reporters' eyes: 
"During the whole of yesterday afternoon and until 11 
o'clock, there was a continual procession of vehicles and 
pedestrians to the camp, and the noise and bustle and the 
jolly crowds indicated a gala day. The evening passed off 
without any serious disturbance, owing to the vigilance of 
the ofHcers and their subordinates who were on the alert 
to convey offenders to the guard house. And if there were 
any put there it was no fault of theirs but of the whiskey. 
We saw no person intoxicated but one individual looking 
down the line of tents inquired which was Chapel street. 
Many ladies were on the ground to witness the novel spec- 
tacle of a military camp and the illumination and were en- 
tertained in the marquee by Col. Arnold. The weather has 
been unusually favorable for the parade ; the regiment 
could not have selected two finer days this season. One 



OF ■WATEKBTTRT. ' 43 



hundred and twelve tents, each brightly illuminated and 
spread as they were over large surface, presented a beauti- 
ful appearance." 

But parade and camp days were not the only ones for 
outing. Occasionally the most off-hand kind of trips were 
made to other towns. Thus October 20, the company took 
Merrill's band and made an excursion to Naugatuck, the 
rain proving no detriment. Principal A. N. Lewis wel- 
<?omed them in front of Lane's hotel, they drilled in Nich- 
ols hall and on the green, and ended with the usual ban- 
quet. It is noted of this occasion that " Col. Welton had 
charge of the transportation." 

The date of the company's conception rather than that 
of the organization was taken in those days for anniver- 
saries. Without any disparagement of the men who later 
were to show to the whole world of what stuff they were 
made, it may be said that they seemed to seek almost any 
excuse for a banquet. To be a good after-dinner speaker 
was quite a requisite for a soldier ; it was the only inheri- 
tance, if such it may be called, from the days of the Flood 
Woods. And measured by this standard as well as by any 
other, it must be acknowledged that there was a company 
full of good soldiers. The laurels they won at those par- 
ades and banquets are still green upon the brows of many 
to-day. They celebrated March 26, 1856, for their second 
anniversary, parading in the mud in the day time and din- 
ing at the Scovill house in the evening, the menu compris- 
ing 99 different articles. Apparently the "disarranged 
times " had come somewhat more into joint. May i there 
was another rain storm and an election parade in New Ha- 
ven ; May 28, more rain, a parade and drill and June 28 the 
same. 

The camp of 1856 was known as Camp Scott and also was 
at New Haven, August 26, 27 and 28. The officers and men 
of the brigade numbered 800 of whom nearly half belonged 
to the Second regiment. There were 250 tents. " Company 
H was one of the best appearing and one of the most 
highly eulogized." October 25, Lieut. Chatfield efficiently 



44 THE MHilTAKT HISTORY 



commanded at the target shoot on Benedict's meadow on 
South Main street. Lieut. Chatfield won first prize, $12, 
Priv. W. B. Gibbud second, $9, and Corp. Isbell third $7. 
On this occasion the company played the host and enter- 
tained the Cheshire guard, Capt. Welton commanding, and 
Mayor John W. Webster presided over the banquet pro- 
vided by Brown & Dart at the Scovill house. 

An epoch in the history of the company and of the town 
was the election of Lieut. John L. Chatfield to the captain- 
cy March 28, 1857. Capt. Hunting, who had done so much 
toward organizing the company, and Lieut. Wright both 
having resigned, Aner Bradley Jr. was elected first lieuten- 
ant, Timothy Guilford second and Martin B. Smith third. 
The sergeants were Marcus Coon, Frank C. Buckland, H. 
N. Place, F. A. Spencer ; corporals, C. F. Church, H. L. 
Snagg, John W. Hill, H. E. Isbell. On this day the compa- 
ny celebrated its third anniversary. It was reviewed by 
Mayor John W. Webster and Paymaster Kellogg. The reg- 
ulation banquet was enjoyed at the Scovill house and the 
members of the company gave to Capt. Hunting a loaf- 
cake, also a " beautiful hard-rubber, gold-headed cane," and 
to Lieut. Wright " a rich pearl-handled knife." 

This epoch was followed closely by another, when the 
still far-off rumblings of war, laughed at by some, were 
full of portent to others. The women of the city, whose 
encouragement had already been inspiration for the men, 
had resolved to give tangible evidence of their interest. 
To this end they had procured a beautiful silk flag adorned 
with rich gold trimmings. On one side, in letters of gold, 
were the words : 



Watbebdkt City Guard. 



and on the other, 



Presbhted by the Ladies of 
Watbrbtjry. 



OF WATERBUHt. 45 



The presentation was made through Dr. P. G. Rockwell 
after the annual parade May 28, and the occasion was 
indeed impressive. In responding Ex-Capt. Hunting 
showed his knowledge of the men who had served under 
him even as all people should know later, when he said 
that no stain should ever sully the fair folds of the flag and 
it never should be surrendered even if its defense meant 
the knell of the last member. Most sacredly is that flag 
preserved to-day by the successors of those men whom it 
inspired to victory. 

They turned out July 4 with 30 muskets under the com- 
mand of Lieut. Bradley and this time the balloon ascension 
was a success. The Bridgeport Washington Light guard, 
Maj. Middlebrook, were the guests of the City guard. That 
year the encampment was in Ansonia for three days from 
September 16 and it was named after Col. David Humph- 
rey, one of Washington's aids. Col. Leffingwell was at this 
time in command of the Second. 

From that time no public celebration or parade was com- 
plete without the presence of the militia, the pride of the 
town. On the suggestion of Lieut. Aner Bradley, the first 
general celebration in Waterbury ,of Washington's birth- 
day was made February 22, 1858, the City guard firing the 
national salute at sunrise under direction of Marcus Coon, 
raising the flag on the liberty pole on center square, and 
giving a parade in the afternoon and a ball in the evening 
with the never-to-be-omitted supper. 

May 4 of that year Lieut. Col. Alfred H. Terry— who was 
to become the most remarkable volunteer federal officer of 
the Rebellion — was elected colonel of the Second vice W. 
A. Leflangwell resigned ; Maj. Ledyard Colburn declining 
the lieutenant colonelcy, Adjt. J. M. Woodward was chosen. 
The regiment numbered 325 men. 

Hardee's tactics were introduced in August. The first 
tactics known to the early militia were those of Col. Hum- 
phrey Bland, an Englishman, adopted in 1743. These were 
followed by the "Norfolk Militia Exercise," "ordered by 



THE MILITAKT HISTORY 



his majesty," in 1764 and continued in general use till i775- 
The system of Baron Von Steuben was adopted in 1779. 
The next change was not made until 1824 when Darrow's 
tactics were prescribed, to be followed in turn by Scott's, 
Hardee's, Casey's and Upton's which last named are in 
vogue to-day in the militia and in the regular army. 

May 16, 1858, the company participated in a torch-light 
parade in celebration of the laying of the first Atlantic 
cable. Charles Porter's meadow near Holmes, Booth & 
Haydens' was the scene of the target shoot October 23. 
Each man was allowed three shots and they riddled the 
target, Sergt. Place winning the first prize. Returning 
they saluted at several places with volley firing and then 
dined at Brown's hotel on invitation of Maj. Partree. 

But, as may well be imagined, it was not at all plain sail- 
ing for a military company in those days when success de- 
pended almost entirely on individual effort with little and 
uncertain aid from the State. The American of February 
II, 1859, gives this picture of the times: "When the 
struggles of this admirable company are taken in view, 
during the past few years, the time and money expended 
by its members to keep up its ranks and sustain the hon- 
orable standing it has acquired, our citizens might not, 
cannot look on with indifference in regard to its future 
prosperity. The very idea of its possible disbandment 
makes one nervous, and still its slow increase in members 
does not speak very favorably for the military ardor of 
Young America hereabouts." But Capt. Chatfield was 
there and for him there was no such word as fail. February 
18 the company gave him a token of their appreciation of 
his services. That evening was held the fifth annual ball 
in Hotchkiss hall, Dodworth's quadrille band from New 
York furnishing the music. There were 200 present and 
the newspaper says: "Never so brilliant and respectable a 
ball ever graced that splendid hall." Dinner was served 
at the Scovill house after which ex-Capt. Hunting, in the 
name of the company, presented to Capt. Chatfield an 



OF WATERBtlBY. 4t 



Ames sword of the finest workmanship and in an elegant 
case.* 

At the annual parade on May 30, the company appeared 
with the latest marvel in the way of firearms— muskets 
"after the model of 1855 with Maynard's primer attached, 
bayonets fixed on with a clasp, a light and beautiful piece. 
It is the only company in the State that has them." First 
Lieut. Aner Bradley having resigned, Second Lieut. 
Timothy Guilford was chosen as his successor, First Sergt. 
Marcus Coon was made lieutenant and H. N. Place first 
sergeant. As evidence of their esteem for a zeal which 
had done so much for them, the company presented to 
Lieut. Bradley a gold-mounted ebony cane. On this occa- 
sion Mr. Bradley read an historical sketch of early militia 
days in this century which was of great value. The interest 
that had been aroused was never again allowed to flag by 
the people of Waterbury. During the following winter 
the company was assisted in procuring uniforms for all the 
men. 

The next annual parade was June 6, i860. July 4 they 
went to Bridgeport and captured the town with their fine 
appearance. In August, the ofiicers of the brigade pe- 
titioned for an extra day for the brigade encampment 
in place of the officers' drill as the parades were not ade- 
quate to perfect the requisite discipline. The petition was 
not granted and camp was ordered at Brewster's park, New 
Haven, for September 27. The State, by law of 1859, paid 
for one day's parade but the regiment volunteered another 
day to get more discipline and to quiet grumblers who said 
they served for pay. 

One of the frolics of the company this fall was the 
making of a flying visit of one hour and a half, all un- 
heralded, to Birmingham. Incentives to enlist were not 
so great at that time but that every special attraction was 
seized upon. At the target shoot that year the first prize 
was won by Priv. Henry Wadhams of honored memory. 

* See page 57. 



48 *HB MILlTAftf aiSTORT 



Washington's birthday in 1861 was celebrated with just as 
much gusto as though the stern reality of war were not 
right upon them ; " there was sound of revelry by night" 
in Hotchkiss hall, J. G. Jones doing the prompting. 

For some time now there had been talk of changing from 
infantry to artillery and just before the call for troops in 
1 86 1, infantry Company H became artillery Company B, 
making two artillery and seven infantry companies in the 
regiment. 



OF WATERBURT. 49 



IX. The Rebellion. 



In that eventful year of 1861 Waterbury gave, out of a 
total of 1609 votes, a majority of 126 against the successful 
Republican candidate for governor, William A. Bucking- 
ham, and for representatives John P. Elton and Israel 
Holmes, Republicans, "were defeated by Green Kendrick 
and N. J. Welton. The House of Representatives stood, 
however, 2 to i in favor of the Republicans and the Senate 
13 Republicans to 8 Democrats. But Waterbury 's vote did 
not mean that she would not do her share to put down the 
Rebellion as the 900 brave men she sent out attested. 

Monday April 15 came President Lincoln's call for 
troops. Immediately Capt. Chatfield and his men proffered 
their services and were ordered to rendezvous at New 
Haven for which place they left April 20 with an almost 
full quota and what vacancies existed were soon filled. 
Small sign now of the disbandment or the lack of energy 
which had sometimes confronted them in time of peace; 
the appearance of danger meant new life and increased 
rather than diminished ranks. Such was the spirit of Com- 
pany B and not once did it flag through the patience-try- 
ing period that followed. Everyone wanted to do some- 
thing. The assistant rector of St. John's church, the Rev. 
J. M. Willey, added example to precept and, when his offer 
to go at once as chaplain was not accepted, seized his first 
opportunity and obtained a like appointment in the Third 
C. V. 

The day the men departed was made a holiday. They 
were addressed from the band stand on the green by 
Aner Bradley, now become mayor, the Rev. (afterward 
Bishop) Hendricken, John W. Webster, S. W. Kellogg, L. 
W. Coe, C. H. Carter, Dr. P. G. Rockwell, E. B. Cooke and 
N. J. Buel who, in behalf of the clergy, presented pocket 
testaments to be distributed among the men, one for each. 
The Rev. Mr. Willey offered the prayer and the Rev. Mr. 
4 



50 THE MILITAKT HISTORY 

Magill pronounced the benediction. To quote the local 
chronicler: "All speakers were listened to with most pro- 
found attention, the vast audience being as orderly as 
though in a church. Tears were in many eyes and the 
very air seemed to be impressed with the solemnity of the 
scene." Tompkins's and Merrill's bands, consolidated, 
headed the procession to the station, the fire companies 
escorting the soldiers. "The streets were jammed; there 
must have been over 2000 present." A subscription of 
$1900 was immediately raised at a meeting called to devise 
means for caring for the families of the volunteers. Mayor 
Bradley presiding. The special town meeting of April 22 
appropriated $10,000 toward the fund. A beautiful Ameri- 
can flag was raised over the old Catholic church, 300 Cath- 
olic pupils under the direction of the Misses Slater partici- 
pating in the ceremonies. At a meeting in the basement 
of the church April 28, T. F. Neville chairman and J. S. 
Gaffney secretary, 50 volunteered to go. Although no 
company was then organized and the number of volunteers 
accepted by the government was considered sufficient, 
most of them went later in other regiments. At this time 
Waterbury had f 100,600 of government securities and her 
banks had loaned money to the State. Such was the 
patriotism of the financiers at a time of great uncertainty 
in the minds of many. The population of the city was 
11,000. 

The Waterbury men left here at 3 p. m., April 20, 1861, 
were assigned to the First regiment and went into camp at 
Brewster's park, New Haven, as Company D April 22. Capt. 
Chatfield was at once made major of the regiment and Mar- 
cus Coon became captain. Daniel Tyler of Norwich was 
colonel and George S. Burnham of Hartford lieutenant 
colonel. The Hartford Rifle company (Joseph R. Hawley, 
captain), had the right of the line, the Bridgeport Rifles 
the left. 

The full roster of Company D was as follows : 
Capt. Marcus Coon ; First Lieut. S. W. Carpenter ; Sec- 
ond Lieut. W. E. Morris. 



0P WATERBUBY. 



61 



First Sergt. E. P. Hudson ; sergeants, A. J. Ford, Andrew 
McClintock, Luman Wadhams. 

Corporals, Alfred Carpenter, H. L. Snagg, Jay P. Wilcox, 
S. L. Williams. 

Musicians, G. A. Boughton, Frank Hurlbut. 



W. Baldwin, 
G. W. Bamum, 
A. J. Barnard, 
George Beebe, 
J. A. Blake, 
Alexander Bloomfield, 
David Blodgett, 
Frederick Blodgett, 
J. H. Breckenridge, 
Arthur Byington, 
James Callahan, 
William Carey, 
Eli Carter, 
Edward Carroll, 
Henry Castle, 
Patrick Claffee, 
Gilstave De Bouge, 
Thomas DafEy, 
Redfield Diiryee, 
Sebastian Echter, 
Frank Edens, 
Christ'r Fick, 



Privates. 

W. P. GiUette, 
Mason Gray, 
R. G. Hazard, 
J. C. Hazely, 
C. N. Herring, 

E. J. Hickox, 
Arthur Hitchcock, 
A. S. Hotchkiss, 
Frank Howard, 

S. W. Hungerford, 
George Hunt, 
S. P. Keeler, 
John Kelley, 
John Laudigan, 
John Lawson, 
Henry Leonard, 
J. N. Lewin, 
Frank Long, 

F. C. Lord, 
Augustus Martinson, 
Archb'd MoCollum, 
David Miller, 



Fergus Mintie, 
David Mix, 
Philo Mix, 
Elford Nettleton, 

E. H. Norton, 
John O'NeiU, Jr., 

C. W. Parker, 

D. D. Pattell, . 

A. A. Paul, 

F. C. Peck, 
Birdsey Pickett, 
S. H. Piatt, 
Julius Saxe, 
Thos. Smedley, 
J. H. Somers, 

B. 0. Sterling, 
Eugene Sugrue, 
N. W. Tomlinson, 

C. B. VaiU, 
Geoi'ge Van Horn, 
Elijah White. 

H. L. Wilson. 



The first special honor which the company attained was 
the being chosen to receive the colors presented to the regi- 
ment by Lieut.-Gov. Julius Catlin of Hartford. One man 
wrote home : " It was an honor to the regiment, but the 
heart of niany a Waterbury boy beat faster, (yes, and for 
many a day the eyes of Waterbury men, and women too, will 
glisten when they think of it), when the Waterbury City 
guard was ordered to advance to receive the colors. It was 
a proud day — ranked the best among so many noble ones." 
It may be said here that after the Waterbury men had fol- 
lowed those colors nobly through the Bull Run campaign; 



52 THE MTLITART HISTORY 



being among the few wlio left that disastrous field in good 
order, they were nearly deprived of them on their return 
to New Haven. The captain of a Hartford company sought 
to take them home with his command, but a determined 
band of Waterbury men broke into the car and rescued 
them. 

Armed with Sharpe's rifles and Springfield muskets, the 
regiment left New Haven for Washington May 9, 1861, on 
the Bienville. Maj. Chatfield, who had received his first 
promotion from date of muster, April 22, 1861, was pro- 
moted to be lieutenant colonel May 10, and then to be colonel 
of the Third May 31, his soldierly qualities obtaining im- 
mediate recognition. It was on August 22 of the same year 
that he was made colonel of the Sixth. 

When Col. Tyler reported with the First, Gen. Scott ex- 
claimed, " Thank God ! one regiment has come fully equip- 
ped for service." Other men from Waterbury were found 
in the ranks of the Second and Third C. V. The Hon. 
James E. English of New Haven, then in Congress, did 
much for the boys. One instance of his thoughtfulness is 
particularly worthy of mention here, being recalled by ex- 
Mayor Bradley. In the confusion following Bull Run, Col. 
Chatfield's dress uniform went astray with the chest in 
which it was packed. Word was at once telegraphed to 
Mayor Bradley to get the uniform duplicated at Hibbard & 
Snagg's in this city. But next day the order was counter- 
manded. Mr. English had expressed a desire to make good 
the loss and a few days later, at dress parade, presented a 
new dress uniform to the colonel. 

The three Connecticut regiments were mustered out July 
31, but under the call of August 15 for three years' men 
nearly all re-enlisted in New Haven. Capt. Coon assisted 
in recruiting Combany B, First squadron, Connecticut cav- 
alry, afterwards attached to the Second New York or Har- 
ris Light cavalry, of which Coon became captain. The 
chaplain of the regiment was Dr. Benjamin W. Stone, for- 
merly of this city. 



OF WATKEBURT. 53 



In 186I the aggregate of infantry in the militia was 485, 
cavalry 134 and the total enrollment was 54,968 The Leg- 
islature repealing the act governing the militia, all exist- 
ing companies were disbanded August i, just when they 
were most needed. After providing for the enrollment of 
the inactive militia, it was voted to organize not more than 
40 nor less than 64 companies as alarm companies to be ap- 
portioned to the several counties according to population. 
From the inactives enough should be drafted to fill up the 
ranks. The result was a total of only 13 companies, 385 
men, three of the companies from this county. Drafting 
was tried in vain. The mistake in disbanding the original 
companies was apparent to all. 

But the military ardor in Waterbury did not cool to any 
appreciable extent. Soon after the departure of the City 
guard, the Phoenix guard was formed, in May, in Military 
hall, S. W. Kellogg captain, H. N. Place and E. J. Rice lieu- 
tenants, to become Company D of the Fifth, mustered 
July 23, 1861, for three years. D. B. Hamilton took Lieut. 
Place's position and Capt. Kellogg remained to assist in or- 
ganizing the Union guard as a successor to the City guard 
for a home company. C. E. L. Holmes was made captain 
and S. W. Kellogg and G. B. Thomas lieutenants. The first 
of October, this command became Company A, Second 
Connecticut militia under the State law. 

In June of that year James E. Coer organized into the 
Waterbury Zouaves youths between 17 and 20 years of age. 
Mr. Coer was captain and A. B. Crook and G. A. Stocking 
lieutenants. After showing their skill and determination 
in a voluntary camp in Oakville for three days, they were 
allowed to carry guns. So rapid was their advancement 
that in the following January they became light infantry 
Company D, James F. Simpson, captain, James E. Birrell 
and Charles D. Hurlburt lieutenants, George Allen orderly 

sergeant. 

Again and again it was necessary to fill up in the ranks 
of both these companies the vacancies caused by the large 
number of enlistments, particularly into the Sixth and 



54 TUB MILITARY HISTORY 



Fourteenth. In the summer of 1862, the Union guard was 
among the first to respond under the call for 600,000 men 
and left September 3 as nine months' men, Company A, of 
the Twenty -third, mustered in November 14. Immedi- 
ately Capt. Holmes was made colonel and was succeeded 
by Lieut. Thomas and he by Alfred Wells. Lieut. Wells 
became captain November 14, John A. Woodward of 
Watertown first lieutenant and George W. Tucker second. 
Private James H. Whiting was destined to become adju- 
tant the next spring. The Zouaves left five days later to 
become Company H of the same regiment, A. Dwight 
Hopkins of Naugatuck leaving here as captain, Birrell and 
Hurlburt as lieutenants. Capt.. Simpson had gone as sec- 
ond lieutenant in Company C, Fourteenth, of which S. W. 
Carpenter of Waterbury was captain and F. J. Seymour 
first lieutenant. 

A beautiful and unique silk flag was presented to the 
Twenty-Third by Samuel Holmes, cousin of Col. Holmes 
and formerly of Waterbury. On it were several designs 
aside from the regulation coat-of-arms — representing 
Judges' Cave, Charter Oak and the like. 

Meanwhile Martin B. Smith had recruited Company E 
of the Eighth, which left here August 30, 1861, as the third 
regular volunteer company from this city. H. N. Place 
was first lieutenant under Capt. Smith and Luman Wad- 
hams second. C. S. Abbott was also very efficient in pro- 
curing recruits, his command being Company H of the 
Twentieth, mustered in September i, 1862; he was obliged 
to resign on account of ill health in November. Numer- 
ous were the presents which the citizens made to the 
officers and hearty was the encouragement for every man 
who donned the blue. 

The number of enlistments - is all the more remarkable 
when it is remembered that the total militia enrollment of 
the town in 1861 was only 982, and in 1862 only 1173, 
including those with surgeon's exemption certificates. 
August 25, 1862, the town meeting voted a bounty of $100 
to each recruit in the old regiments and an additional $50 



OF WATERBURT. 55 



to cover the limitation of the State bounty of $50 which 
expired that day, making a total of $150 for each volun- 
teer; also |ioo for each nine-months' volunteer and $6 per 
month to dependent relatives. Waterbury's quota under 
the call for 600,000 men — half for three years and half for 
nine months — was 207. No draft was necessary. Connecti- 
cut was the first State to respond and Waterbury about the 
first town in the State. As an illustration of the zeal and 
patriotism with which skilled artisans as well as men in all 
other walks of life left their business to save their country, 
nearly one-third of the employes of the Waterbury Clock 
company were to be found in the ranks in the summer of 
1862. 

And it is not out of place to recall here also that Water- 
bury lent its wisdom to the councils of the State as well as 
its bone and sinew to the war. The Hon. Lyman W. Coe 
represented the district in the Senate and was chairman of 
the legislative committee to visit the field of Antietam and 
investigate the condition of the soldiers. Nor was the 
city's mechanical skill and ingenuity to prove unequal to 
the great demands made upon them by the nation. Aside 
from the tons of machinery that were turned out and the 
hundred and one useful articles that were made up here, 
Waterbury furnished two-thirds of the brass ornaments 
worn by the soldiers, an average of one pound to each man 
in the army. 

In July 1863, at the time of the New York draft riots and 
when all the northern states were very uneasy as to the 
issue. Gov. Buckingham called for volunteers for three 
months' service in the State. Waterbury's " alarm " and 
" home guard " companies had gone to the front one after 
the other, swelling the number already there until the 
quota of the town had been exceeded by 108. It was then 
that S. W. Kellogg, a prosperous lawyer, at the request of 
John P. Elton and others, raised a company of 100 men in 
24 hours and sent to Torrington for Lieut. Col. S. H. Per- 
kins of the Fourteenth, then at home recovering from a 
wound received at Fredericksburg, to take command of 



56 THE MILITARY HISTORY 



the company. Mr. Kellogg and C. S. Abbott were the 
lieutenants. The company, designated Company C of the 
Second battalion, was under the direct orders of the gov- 
ernor. It drilled two hours every afternoon besides main- 
taining a guard at the armory night and day. The dire 
threats that had been made to the effect that certain resi- 
dences should be destroyed and that no men should ever 
be drafted were soon silenced. Also, to quiet the turbulent 
feeling, the town voted to pay $300 to each drafted person, 
the money to be paid to the government and not to the 
men, and the treasurer was authorized to borrow $30,000 
on the credit of the town. 

From time to time the bodies of brave men had been 
brought home for burial and the citizens had indicated 
their tenderest sympathy for the bereaved families. But 
the whole town as one family was deeply affected ^ when 
the gallant Col. Chatfield of the Sixth was brought home 
mortally wounded July 31, 1863. Struck by a canister- 
shot in the right thigh at the battle of Pocotalico in 1862, 
he had recovered sufficiently to rejoin his command in the 
following April. It was by his own request that he joined 
in the operations before Charleston. At the battle of Mor- 
ris Island, he had reluctantly allowed the Fifty-fourth 
Massachusetts to have the right of the line in the advance 
on Fort Wagner, in the twilight of July 18. Under the 
concentrated fire of Forts Wagner and Sumter and the 
batteries of James Island, the Massachusetts regiment, 
obliquing, left the Sixth uncovered. Steadily, rapidly 
they advanced, over the enemy's outer works, never heed- 
ing the terrible storm of shrapnel, canister, grape, hand 
grenades and bullets, through the moat, over the parapet, 
down to the casemates and bomb proofs, carrying dismay 
into the breasts of the enemy. The fire slackened, the cry 
went up that the fort had surrendered. But the remnant 
of the brave Sixth was standing alone. Col. Chatfield was 
lying on the parapet with his leg shattered below the 
knee. Jackson's brigade which had been depended upon 
to come to the support with fixed bayonets had stopped to 



OF WATERBURY. 57 



return the fire and their opportunity was lost. Perceiving 
the situation, the rebels charged three times upon the 
undaunted Connecticut men as though to annihilate them. 
The color bearer, Sergt. Gustave de Bouge of Waterbury, 
had fallen shot through the head in the assault, and before 
the colors could be taken from beneath his dead body, 
eight other men had fallen upon them, dead or wounded. 
Then Capt. F. B. Osborn reaching the spot, attempted to 
pull the flag from the heap of slain. In so doing the ban- 
ner was torn through the center and only the part attached 
to the stafiE was brought home, to be placed eventually 
with the others in the capitol at Hartford. Among those 
who helped keep the colors aloft was Col. Chatfield him- 
self who is remembered by his men to-day as the very 
incarnation of war in that terrible hour. After he had 
fallen he still encouraged the men to stand their ground 
in hope of support. And most nobly did they obey, for 
three long hours, retiring one by one only after all hope 
had vanished and they were but a handful. Col. Chatfield, 
fearing that he would be captured, attempted to drag him- 
self from the fort, when a shot struck his right hand in 
which he had grimly held his sword till that moment. It 
was the sword which was presented to him by old Com- 
pany H in 1859. Before he could recover he was carried 
from the fort by Private Andrew Grogan of Bridgeport, 
afterwards lieutenant; he saved only the scabbard and belt 
which are now in the possession of his family. When, on 
his way to Beaufort for transportation home, he asked 
after the colors of the regiment and was told that the rem- 
nant of them was saved, he exclaimed: "Thank God for 
that! I am so glad they are safe ! Keep them, keep them, 
as long as there is a thread left." 

Physicians, relatives and friends did all in their power 
for him, but it could not avail. The brave spirit passed 
away, on the evening of Sunday, August 9. 

He was buried in Riverside the following Thursday, 
with military and Masonic honors. John P. Elton was 
chairman of the committee of arrangements. All business 



58 THE MILITARY HISTOKY 



was suspended, flags were at half mast and military dele- 
gations from all parts of the State were present. S. W. 
Kellogg commanded the escort. The New Haven Grays 
were nnder the command of Samuel E. Merwin, Jr. 
■ Among those of the army who came to pay tribute to 
the memory of the hero was Gen. Robert Anderson, the 
defender of Fort Sumter, and among the civilians was 
Gov. Buckingham. The pall bearers were Free Masons. 
The services were held at 2 p. m., at St. John's Episco- 
pal church, of which he was a member. They were con- 
ducted by the Rev. Dr. Clark and his assistant, the Rev. 
Mr. Smith. Chaplain C. T. Woodruff of the Sixth deliv- 
ered the funeral address after which the cortege pro- 
ceeded to the cemetery amid the tolling of bells and the 
booming of minute guns. At the grave the burial service 
was read by Chaplain Willey of the Third C. V. 

During his comparatively brief service. Col. Chatfield had 
frequently commanded a brigade. A distinguished West 
Point officer said of him : " Worth in his palmy days could 
not handle a regiment better." Chaplain John M. Morris, 
the historian, wrote : " Connecticut sent forth no more ac- 
complished or gallant soldier than he; he must have won 
high distinction. A modest, fearless, pure hearted, devoted 
man — ^his record is that a knight might envy. His deeds 
and noble sacrifices will live on sun-lit pages and ii^ warm" 
hearts when new generations shall read the imperishable 
record of the Rebellion and bless those whose heroism 
saved the nation and freedom from destruction." 

The idol of Waterbury's soldiery, it was fitting that his 
name should be given to the military company which was 
in reality a continuance at home of the company -he had 
led to the field. A splendid bronze statue, erected by the 
members of his regiment and by his friends, now marks 
his resting place at Riverside. 

With another summer came the death of three Wadhams 
brothers, originally from Litchfield, whose name is pre- 
served by Wadhams Post No. 49, Department of Connecti- 
cut, G. A. R. Sergt. Edward Wadhams of Company E, 



OF ■VVATBRBURY. 59 



Eighth C. v., aged 29, was killed at Drury's Bluff May 16, 
1864. First Lieut. Henry W. Wadhams of Company K, 
Fourteenth, aged 33, was killed at North Anna May 26, 
1864. Capt. Luman Wadhams of Company A, Nineteenth 
(Second Heavy Artillery), aged 31, was wounded at Cold 
Harbor June i and died June 3. All three enlisted from 
Waterbury. 

The home-coming of the Twenty-third in 1863 was made 
a great event. Companies A and H reached here Tuesday 
noon, August 25 and were escorted to Hotchkiss hall, cor- 
ner of North and East Main streets. Gen. D. B. Hurd act- 
ing as marshal assisted by C. N. Wayland, Capt. E. J. Rice, 
Guernsey S. Parsons and Walter Bowns. The scene of the 
ovation was one long to be remembered. Mayor Davies 
and others expressed for the citizens the debt of gratitude 
the town owed to these men. Col. Holmes had been 
compelled by ill health to return at an earlier date. 

This year witnessed a revival in the spirit of the state 
militia. In 1862 withMaj. Gen. William H. Russell of New 
Haven in command of two brigades, 1,017 men, the Legis- 
lature had adopted the pay system. S. W. Kellogg, whose 
zeal gave him the position of major of the Second militia 
regiment April 8, 1863, was made colonel vice C. T. Candee 
Sept. 22, 1863. Capt. Samuel E. Merwin, Jr., of New Ha- 
ven, was promoted to the lieutenant colonelcy and Capt. G. 
A. Basserman also of New Haven, to the majority. G. W. 
Tucker was paymaster, P. G. Rockwell surgeon, J, Eaton 
Smith chaplain and W. W. Hart of Madison quartermaster. 
Col. Kellogg made Stephen R. Smith of New Haven his 
adjutant. Col. Guyer was the senior officer of the Second 
brigade. Horace J. Morse was adjutant general. 

A new artillery company was formed in Military hall 
September 26, with Chandler N. Wayland secretary and a 
membership of over 60. E. J. Rice was elected captain. 
October 5, the members of Company A,* Second regiment, 

* As a militia organization, this company, most of the members of 
which went with Company A, Twenty-Third C. V., was not disbanded 
till November 3, 1863. 



60 



THE MILITARY HISTOKY 



voted to consolidate with the new company, which took the 
name of artillery Company A, Second C. S. M., or the Chat- 
field guard; At about the same time, Company C, Second 
battalion, Capt. Perkins, was mustered out of the state ser- 
vice and many joined the new company. The other officers 
of the new company were: F. L.Mintie, first lieutenant and C. 
F. Church second lieutenant; sergeants, G. W. Tucker, M. L. 
Scudder Jr., C. R. Welton, L. S. Davis, C. N. Wayland; 
corporals, H. M. Stocking, F. B. Rice, E. W. Robbins, A. j! 
Buckland, Carlos Smith, E. T. Smith, C. P. Lindley, C. B. 
Vaill; secretary, Gilman C. Hill; treasurer,C. N. Wayland; 
executive committee, E. J. Rice, O. H. Stevens, J. E. Smith, 
A. S. Chase, A. I. Goodrich; court martial, C. F. Church, G. 
W. Tucker, M. L. Scudder, H. F. Bassett, W. P. Thomas, E. 
L. Bronson. 



C. S. Abbott, 

S. J. Allen, 

P. L. Allen, 

John Adt, 

H. F. Bassett, 

Truman H. Bartlett, 

Walter Bound, 

William Burnes, 

Aner Bradley, Jr. , 

G. H. Benedict, 
Alpheus A, Bradley, 
Alfred Bluet, 
E. L. Bronson, 
Mathew Budge, 
Alexander Buchanan, 
Andrew J. Barnes, 
Henry T. Bronson, 
George Barnes, 
J. S. Bancioft, 
John W. Burritt, 
Jonathan R. Baldwin, 
John J. Blackman, 
George E. Bissell, 
Wm. D . Cummings, 
Calvin H. Carter, 
Irving H. Coe, 



Elam W. Church, 
Augustus S. Chase, 
Wm. A. Cargill, 
Thomas Coulter, 
Samuel H. Cowles, 
Edward Croft, 
Walter H. Cook, 
John J. Davis, 
Jesse J. Ford, 
John B. Durand, 
Richard W. Davis, 
Charles A. Darrow, 
William H. Davis, 
A. Fayette Pisk, 
William M. Ford, 
Edward A. Fox, 
Louis D. Griggs, 
Henry C. Griggs, 
A. I. Goodrich, 
E. H. Gaylord, 
Marcus Goudkop, 
W. 0. Guilford, 
Amos M. Geer, 
James M. Holmes, 
Edward J. Hayden, 
Pred'kB. Hoadley, 



John W. Hill. 
Gilman C. Hill, 
Edwin B. Harper, 
Addison W. Hagard, 
Henry W. Keeler, 
Charles Karrmann, 
A. N. Lewis, 
John D. Lyman, 
Reuben S. Morse, 
David H. Meloy, 
L. I. Munson, 
Andrew J. McClintock, 
Alexander McNeill, 

Henry Overing, 

Nelson Parsons, 

Edwin Putnam, 

H. L. B. Pond, 

E. B. Piatt, 

Dwight P. Peck, 

A. Preiss, 

Prank M. Rose, 

William Renison, 

Joseph Srahan, 

Mark L. Sperry, 

O. H. Stevens, 

Peter P. Suagg, 



OF waterboey. 



61 



John B. Smith, 
William H. Shepard, 
Adam Seibert, 
John Stone, 
James Spruce, Jr., 
A. Skates, 
Lucius Stevens, 
TenEyok D. Spyder, 
Thos. H. Shurrocks, 



Privates— continued, 

Henry T. Sanford, 
Andrew Storz, 
George L. Townsend, 
William P. Thomas, 
Henry A. Todd, 
Charles N. Upson, 
Asaph H. Upson, 
Allen B. Wilson, 
Henry B. ■\yinchell. 



0. B. Webster, 
E. D. Welton, 
D. S. Weldman, 
Alfred Wells, 
Frank Washburn, 
Thomas Willis, 
Martin B. Wedge, 
Stephen B. Wedge, 
James H. Whiting. 



This list of well known names in itself indicates the 
high character of the men who were interested. The 
citizens had raised a fund of $2,500 with which to pro- 
vide uniforms for the company. John P. Elton was custo- 
dian of the fund and an enthusiastic worker in the cause. 
It seems, however, that no provision had been made for the 
purchasing of " hats " with this fund and in the end the 
company were obliged to supply themselves at $30 a dozen. 
The uniform adopted consisted of light blue trousers and 
army blue coats. 

But before the uniform fund had become available — 
which was not till the early part of the following year — Com- 
pany A had seen its first camp, Camp Lyon, Bridgeport, in 
October. Only the Second and Eighth regiments were there. 
Company A with Company B formed the First Connecticut 
Flying battery, a duplicate of the Second Connecticut bat- 
tery, then in the field. 

The names of those of the company who went to the 
front were borne on the rolls as those of honorary mem- 
bers. 

The city's quota under the call of 1863 for 300,000 more 
was 132. For each new man the bounty amounted to $692 
in addition to his pay, and to $792 for each veteran. D. S. 
Morris was recruiting agent at large, Lieut. E. M. Neville 
recruiting officer for the First Connecticut cavalry and Corp. 
D. B. Wooster for the Second Heavies, formerly the Nine- 
teenth C. V. The quota was full before February i, i864,at an 
expense to the town of about $3,000, so that when the call 



62 THB MILITABY HISTOBT 



came for 200,000 more,Waterbury was not included in it. The 
Sixth returned January 21, 1864 and many re-enlisted. The 
draft of July called for 239 men. The town promptly voted 
I500 for substitutes, $300 for drafted men or substitutes and 
$100 for volunteers, in addition to the state bounty of I300. 
To meet this it was necessary to borrow $100,000. The 
quota for the call late in this year was 120, which was also 
filled. 

All this was done while the political fever was at its height. 
It was presidential election year and many were the attacks 
being made upon President Lincoln, candidate for re-elec- 
tion. In 1862, Waterbury had given 786 votes for Bucking- 
ham for governor to 754 for James C. Loomis, the Demo- 
cratic candidate. In April, 1864, it gave Buckingham,the suc- 
cessful candidate, 728 and O. S. Seymour, Democrat, 809. 
Green Kendrick, Democrat, was elected senator from this 
district by 260 and two Democrats from Waterbury, Elisha 
Leavenworth and Henry A. Matthews, had seats in the 
• House. In November Lincoln received 792 votes for presi- 
dent, McClellan 987. In i860 Lincoln's vote had been 822, 
Douglass's 431, Breckinridge's 102 and Bell's 82. In 1864 a 
guard from Company A was maintained at the armory 
from the Saturday night preceding till the day after the 
election. But there was to be little use for it in a commu- 
nity which had given so freely of its men and money. 

The militia law was altered again this year, granting $5 
each towards the uniforms for the men and allowing four 
days' encampment. Nevertheless, the roll showed but 1485 
active members, not all the towns having followed Water- 
bury's example. It was eminently fitting that the encamp- 
ment of the Second regiment. Col. Kellogg commanding, 
should be held here that year. The time was from Sep- 
tember 13 to September 16 and the place the West End 
meadows, near West Main street, on the banks of the Naug- 
atuck. It was called Camp Chatfield. The regiment num- 
bered 420 officers and men. H. Lynde Harrison was pay- 
master, George E. Terry sergeant major and Calvin H. 
Carter commissary sergeant. Tompkins's band now march- 



OF ■WATEEBtTBY. 63 



ed at the head of the regiment. Among the interested 
visitors at the camp were Capt. Alfred Wells and Lieut. John 
A. Woodward of Company A, Twenty-third, who had just 
returned from captivity. Col. Kellogg while trying a horse 
for one of Gen. Russell's stafE met with an accident about 
an hour before going into camp. The horse fbll upon him, 
lacerating the colonel's right leg from the knee to the ankle. 
He was taken to Surgeon, Rockwell's office near the Scovill 
house where his wounds were dressed, but he was in the 
saddle again and met the arriving companies at the sta- 
tion, after which he did his work in camp during the four 
days, but he did not get out of his house again for a week 
after it. 

The work of the women and of individual citizens in 
behalf of the Sanitary commission through all these troub- 
lous years is deserving of an article by itself. Mrs. F. J. 
Kingsbury was secretary of the first society. In 1865 the 
citizens gave |i,ooo, collected by F. B. Merriman, to F. J. 
Kingsbury, the local treasurer of the commission, as a 
New Year's present. A society of ladies, of which Miss 
Jennie Warrilon was president, met regularly at the Y. M. 
C. A. rooms. In March of that year a fair in Hotchkiss 
hall netted |i,ooo for the Soldiers' home in Hartford. 

In April 1865, the town gave Buckingham for governor a 
majority of 32 over Seymour, Democrat, and elected F. J. 
Kingsbury and A. S. Chase, Union, for representatives. 

Monday April ro, manager C. H.' Stancliff took from the 
wires of the Western Union the message that Lee had sur- 
rendered to Grant and the American soon had out an extra 
giving all the particulars obtainable. An impromptu pro- 
cession was formed, speeches were made and A. B. Wilson, 
the sewing machine inventor, fired a national salute from 
a piece of ordnance in his possession. But the Easter Sun- 
day following was turned into a day of deep mourning by 
the news of the assassination of Lincoln. 

At this time Burr Atwood of Nonnewaug, Woodbury, 
raised a white flag with the words, " The Devil's Dead." 
When the news reached here, April 19, a party of veterans, 



64 THB MILITAET HISTORY 



militiamen and others, paid Mr. Atwood a visit. He denied 
having the flag but the sight of a rope so refreshed his 
memory that the flag was brought forth and came to Water- 
bury as a trophy. Mr. Atwood, his son and his two daughters 
were m.ade to take the oath of allegiance and then to 
unfurl the American flag over their domains. A week 
later, 75 Woodbury people called on Chauncey Atwood of 
Nonnewaug, also accused of disloyal sentiments, and he 
likewise promised to float the stars and stripes thenceforth. 
After patriotic speech-making, the party visited Burr At- 
wood, where they found the country's emblem loyally 
waving. 

The body of Lieut. Col. John Kellogg, U. S. A., late com- 
missary on Gen. Sheridan's staff, arrived here Saturday 
evening, April 29, on its way to Greenfield, Mass., in 
charge of his brother. Col. S. W. Kellogg. He died at City 
Point, April 26. After Company A had escorted the remains 
from the station, they were placed in Military hall where 
they lay in state over Sunday. 

The mayors of the city during those troublous years were 
Aner Bradley Jr., always ready for good work, 186 1-2-3; L. 
S. Davies, 1864-5 ^-nd John Kendrick 1865-6. 

As nearly as can be learned from the existing records in 
this State and in Washington, the enlistments from Water- 
bury into the Service were as follows: First C. V. 79; 
Second C. V. i; Third C. V. 7; First Squadron cavalry, 
afterwards Second New York cavalry 8; First Connecti- 
cut cavalry 55; First Light battery 2; Second Light 
battery 2; Third Light battery 5; First Heavy artil- 
lery 60; Second Heavy artillery 38; Fifth C. V. 38; Sixth 
75; Seventh 22; Eighth 37; Ninth 65; Ninth battalion 1 1 ; 
Tenth C. V. 8; Eleventh 15; Twelfth 12; Thirteenth 13; 
Thirteenth battalion 7; Fourteenth C. V. 157; Fifteenth 
34; Eighteenth i; Twentieth 66; Twenty-third 71; Twenty- 
seventh 2; Twenty -ninth 5; Thirtieth (Thirty-first U.S. 
Colored infantry) 2; Fourteenth U. S. infantry 7; band 
Harland's brigade, i; Navy, 30; outside the State, 6. 



OV ■WATBHBTJET. 65 



The grand total is 942. Of course this number includes 
the men who re-enlisted. 

The names arid ranks of the commissioned officers who 
went from this city and the men who won commissions in 
the field are given at the end of this book. 



66 THE MILITABT HISTOBY 



X. In The Connecticut National Guard. 



A new section o£ light artillery was organized in June 
1865 from former members of Company A with some new 
men. A. B. Wilson was first lieutenant commanding and 
H. L. B. Pond second. It was known as second section 
Battery C, Connecticut State Militia, and numbered 30 men, 
six cannons and 20 horses. The company was not of long 
duration, attending but one encampment and disbanding 
soon after. 

Thanks to the neglect and carelessness of the State the 
word militia was still in bad odor although the men who 
had composed it had made themselves immortal on the 
field of battle. The material was there; how to utilize it, 
how to overcome the effect of past mistakes was the ques- 
tion. Listening to the advice of Col. Kellogg the Legis- 
lature, by act of July 9, 1865, re-christened the militia the 
Connecticut National Guard. Other states all over the 
country have since followed this example. The law was 
drafted by Col. Kellogg and approved by Gen. Russell 
and his chief of staff, Francis Wayland, now the head of 
the Yale law school. By it the eight regiments were made 
into two brigades — the First, Third, Fifth and Seventh 
regiments constituting the First brigade, the Second, 
Sixth and Eighth with the light artillery the Second. The 
total number of officers and men was 4,141. The law 
also repealed the officers' annual drill, ordered a six 
days' encampment by regiment or brigade and provided 
that uniforms should be furnished by the State. The Sec- 
ond regiment was promptly recruited to ten full companies 
which number it has had the unique distinction of main- 
taining ever since. 

In September 1865 Chatfield guard changed from artil- 
lery to infantry Company A, Second regiment, C. N. G. It 
numbered 90 men, many of them veterans. The companies 
of the old Sixth regiment were attached to the Second regi- 



OF WATKRBUKT. 67 



msnt, making 12 companies besides the battery, over 1,000 
men at the camp in New Haven that month, the camp being 
named after Col. Charles L. Russell of the Tenth C. V. who 
fell at Roanoke Island. O. H. Stevens was color sergeant 
of the regiment. 

May 2, 1866, Col. Kellogg was promoted to be brigadier 
general commanding Second brigade. Samuel E. Merwin,Jr. 
succeeded him as colonel. Not long after, August 12, Capt. 
E. J. Rice was made major, George W. Tucker succeeding 
to the command of Company A. George E. Terry was 
assistant adjutant general on Gen. Kellogg's staff. 

The regiment went into Camp Mansfield at Bridgeport 
that year with a membership of 1,200 against 300 two years 
before. John P. Elton offered a flag to be known as the 
Elton flag to be awarded to the best drilled company. 
After an exciting contest it was won by the Sarsfield guard, 
Company C, of New Haven. Despite the commendable 
purpose of Mr. Elton, the contest did not inure to the har- 
mony of the regiment and accordingly the flag was not 
again put up as a prize. It is still in the possession of 
Company C. 

April 30, 1866, infantry Company D, Sherman guard, was 
organized, James F. Simpson captain, William L. G. 
Pritchard first lieutenant and James M. Birrell second lieu- 
tenant. In its armory in Gothic hall on Phoenix avenue, 
it started out with a membership of over 50. 

A period of quiet followed the season of unusual activ- 
ity. The regular routine was broken by an occasional ex- 
cursion, like that to New Haven in 1867 to do honor to 
President Johnson, and by the encampments in various 
places, soon to become an annual event. In 1867 the num- 
ber of regiments was reduced to four. There were 16 com- 
panies and a section of artillery in the Second. It was 
planned that year to go into Camp Osborn, in West Haven, 
on a Friday, September 8, but as Gen. Kellogg was opposed 
to having the men in camp over Sunday, the date was 
changed to Monday. August 16, 1869, Capt. Tucker was 
chosen senior major with E. E. Bradley of New Haven 



THE MILITAKT HI8T0B.T 



colonel, succeeding G. E. Basserman successor to Col. Mer- 
win. S. R. Smith was lieutenant colonel. A. I. Goodrich 
became captain of Company A. 

Company D changed its drill hall to Way's new building 
on Brook street April 9, 1869. In April 1870, Capt. Gilbert 
was court martialed for conduct unbecoming an officer and 
in June he was fined $100 and cashiered. In December, 
after many ballots, John L. Saxe, a charter member, was 
elected captain. February 21, 1871, the company moved to 
Hotchkiss hall. 

The year 1871 saw still another great change in the mili- 
tia. In the summer the Legislature decreed that thereafter 
there should be but one brigade, it to consist of four regi- 
ments, with 10 companies as the maximum, and two sec- 
tions of artillery, one for the First regiment. The First 
regiment had eight companies, the Second ten, the Third 
six and the Fourth eight. Eighty-three should be the maxi- 
mum number of men for each company, afterward reduced 
to 67 and now 68. Among the supernumerary officers dis-. 
charged were Maj. -Gen. James J. McCord, Brig.-Gen. Kel- 
logg, Capt.Terry, his assistant adjutant general, and Capt.H 
Lynde Harrison, aid-de-camp. Gen. Kellogg had resigned in 
1870 after entering Congress but the governor had not 
accepted his resignation. The new order also disbanded 
Company D, causing the American to remark : " Under the 
charge of Capt. Saxe and his assistants. Company D had 
made visible improvement and it seems a pity it should be 
disbanded. But such is the fate of war." 

Lieut. Col. Smith succeeded Col. Bradley. The regiment 
was now equipped with breech-loading Springfield rifles. 
The uniform furnished by the State under the law of 1865 
was of cheap kind. By the new law the regiments were 
allowed to choose their own, the State to furnish $25 toward 
each. The First chose dark blue with red trimmings, light 
blue trousers, and the Third the same with light blue trim- 
mings. The Second and Fourth chose gray with black and 
gold trimmings. As the expense was not covered by the 
State allowance, each company made up the amount out of 



OF ■WATERB0RY. 69 



its own treasttry. The coats were cut single-breasted and 
after the " swallow tail " or West Point style. There were 
three rows of buttons, with cross belts and epaulettes. 
The hat was a shako. 

July 26, 1 87 1, a meeting was held to form a new company 
to be known as the " Waterbury Light Guard," its ranks 
open to all young men irrespective of creed or nationality. 
In September Maj. C. R. Bannon,who had been instrumental 
in its formation, received word that the company had been 
accepted by the State as Company G, vSecond regiment. The 
men chose the name of Sedgwick guard in memory of Maj. 
Gen. Sedgwick, and on September 25 elected C. R. Bannon 
captain, W. S. Wilson first lieutenant and D. A. Magraw 
second lieutenant. The other charter members were : First 
sergeant, Michael E. Dugan ; sergeants, Frank P. Reynolds, 
Patrick F. Ryan, John F. McCormack, Terrence E. Rey- 
nolds ; corporals, Maurice Culhane, William Kelly, Michael 
Maher, Patrick Lyman, Matthew Byrnes, Daniel P. Noo- 
nan, Michael Mitchell, James Tobin ; musicians, James 
Reed, Terrence H. Farrell. The privates were : 

Daniel Bergin, Patrick Hanon, Jolm Martin, 

Dennis Casey, Peter F. Hosey, John McAulifEe, 

John Culliton, John Hayes, Maurice Noonan, 

Daniel Cunningham, James Houlihan, Thomas Bedding, 

Myles Daley, Timothy B. Jackson, Frank Reid, 

John P. English, Thomas J. Jackson, Thomas Russell, 

James Eustace, Michael Keeley, John White, 

Edmond Fitzgerald, James McGuinnas, Thomas White. 

O'Donovan Rossa was brought here to lecture to raise a 
fund for the purchase of uniforms. Their drill room for a 
short time was in Meyer's hall on Scovill street and then 
in Hotchkiss hall. Everyone took hold with zeal and 
enthusiasm, making it soon apparent that Waterbury had 
now another company that was to be a credit to the town. 

Since he had said in 1872 that the Connecticut militia 
was at the head of that of all the states, it was quite proper 
that the Second should go to the inauguration of President 
Grant in 1873. After being nearly frozen on a delayed 



70 • THE MILITABT HIBTOBT 



train, they did not arrive in time for the parade. Through 
the influence of Congressman S. W. Kellogg, however, they 
were awarded the honor, unprecedented for state troops 
after the war, of a special review by the president and 
Gen. Sherman the next day in front of the White House 
on which occasion the compliments of 1872 for the whole 
brigade were individualized for the Second regiment. 
Gen. Upton also saw fit to praise them in warmest terms. > 
There was no encampment this year. 

The six days' encampment ordered by the law of 1865 
was reduced to four days in 1867. In 1870 the encamp- 
meijt was dispensed with for that year, pending the work 
of the commission appointed to revise the law. Since that 
revision there has been a six days' encampment either 
yearly or once in two years for each regiment except when 
dispensed with by the commander-in-chief in certain cases 
where an equivalent of time was given in some other way. 
Of late years, the whole brigade has gone into camp each 
year for six days. The law reads " annually or biennially 
as ordered by the commander-in-chief," and at the session 
of the General Assembly (biennial) of 1889, it was made 
"not less than six nor more than eight days." It was 
felt that so much time was lost in transportation to and 
from and in getting settled for business that much better 
results could be obtained if the encampment began Sat- 
urday afternoon. But unfortunately the men who devised 
the change neglected to ask for the necessary increase 
in appropriation. Adjt. Gen. Embler called on the brig- 
ade in 1890 to vote by companies whether they would 
go without the extra two days' pay (including Sunday) 
but each man to have his allowance of 30 cents for ra- 
tions. The officers of the Second voted unanimously for 
the plan but company votes in other regiments decided 
the matter in the negative. It is worthy of note so far. 
as the religious side of the question is concerned that 
the chaplains as well as the officers stated it as their 
emphatic opinion that, with light camp routine, Sunday 
would be observed by all the men as strictly as at home 
and by some of them more strictly. 



OP WATERBURY. 71 



In the years immediately following the war, the regi- 
ments held their encampments at various places in their 
districts. Later the State leased a ground near the How- 
ard house at Niantic and then the present grounds to 
the north of them, where the regiments went by twos 
each year. Under Gov. Waller in 1883, the State pur- 
chased those grounds and has been improving them 
ever since until they are unexcelled in the United States. 
The location on a low bluff near the Sound at the mouth 
of the Niantic river is delightful while the well-sodded 
and level earth with its sandy top soil is always dry. 
Since that time the whole brigade has gone into camp 
at the same time each year with results that have been 
most beneficial. 

The centennial year of 1876 will long be remembered by 
the Waterbury soldiers who were in camp with the Second 
at Philadelphia a full week, September 1-8. Chaplain A. 
N. Lewis held services Sunday; Companies G and C went 
into the city to church. Throughout it was a highly cred- 
itable encampment. 

The first regular local rifle range was established in Wa- 
terville the next year but not much attention was paid to 
practice until in later years when Maj. F. A. Spencer was in- 
spector and the present range in the meadows southeast 
of the city became a reality. Since then Waterbury soldiers 
have stood high in marksmanship, in 1888 Company A 
winning more badges than any company in the brigade 
and previous to that its company team having covered it- 
self with glory in many a regimental tournament. It is 
only within three years that Company G has given much 
attention to this branch of the service, but it is rapidly 
overtaking some of the veterans at it. Then there were 
the excursions to Newark in 1872, to Boston and Provi- 
dence June 17, 1878, of Company A to New Haven July 4, 
1879, of both to Wolcottville to the dedication of the sol- 
diers' monument September 10, 1879, of Company A to the 
centennial celebration in Watertown June 17, 1880, of Com- 
pany G to Atlanta, Ga., to be present at the laying of the 
corner stone of Memorial hall, October 16, 1880, of Company 



73 THE MILITARY HISTORY 



A to Boston July 4, 1883, of both to New York on Evacuation 
day, November 26 of the same year, to the dedication of 
the soldiers' monument in Naugatuck May 30, 1885, to New 
Haven on Founders' day, April 25, 1888, and to Providence 
and Newport in June 1889. These with the entertainment 
given to guests at home are some of the more important 
events which, with the numerous balls and festivals, 
made an interest for the men. And on great occasions of 
state, like the funeral of Gen. Grant and again the funeral 
of Gen. Smith in New Haven, ^Vaterbury was almost always 
represented. 

In 1875 the companies chose Booth's hall at the corner of 
Phoenix avenue and East Main streets for their armory. 

January 8, 1877, Company A was surprised by the resig- 
nation of its efficient commander, A. I. Goodrich. Fred- 
erick A. Spencer, who, since he was a sergeant of old Com- 
pany H, had served in the war, had been first lieutenant of 
the Second Colorado cavalry and at this time was paymas- 
ter of the Second C. N. G., was elected to succeed him. Id 
1878 he offered the Spencer badge to be shot for by mem- 
bers of the company each year. July 25,1877, at the time of 
the railroad riots, originating in Pittsburg, a detail of men 
from both companies was appointed to remain at the armory 
in readiness to summon the others if the governor should 
call for them. Realizing more forcibly than ever the pur- 
pose for which the militia was maintained, it was ordered 
that thereafter fifteen quick strokes on the fire bell should 
call out both companies. At the time of the hatters' strike 
in Danbury in 1883, though no regular guard was main- 
tained, the commanders of the companies were ordered to 
hold their men in readiness. 

The old Military hall having been refitted. Company A 
returned to it, giving a dedication ball April 23,1879. In 
December Company G took up quarter's again in Irving 
hall, formerly Hotchkiss hall. , 

That year the Fifth battalion, colored troops, was at- 
tached to the C. N. G.; in r89o the remaining companies 
of the battalion became the Separate companies. Water- 
bury never had a colored company. 



OF WATERBTJRT. 73 



In 1 88 1, Waterbury was called upon to furnish another 
major for the Second and on August 28, P. F. Bannon 
was elected captain of Company G vice C. R. Bannon 
promoted. A splendid set of horse equipments attested 
to the company's appreciation of Maj. Bannon's services. 

Then in April 1882, Company A lost Capt. Spencer, who 
was appointed brigade inspector of rifle practice, with 
rank of major. Under his command, in 1880, the com- 
pany had received from the inspecting officer of the 
First and Second regiments, Lieut. Col. Lewis L. 'Mor- 
gan of New Haven, brigade adjutant, this compliment : 
" Company A was in all respects the finest appearing 
company I saw in either regiment; there was nothing to 
criticise; it was in every way complete." The company pre- 
sented a very handsome badge to their late captain. About 
the same time they adopted a company pin. F. R. White 
succeeded Capt. Spencer. 

No halls in the city had been large enough for drill 
rooms and none was well adapted for the purposes of mili- 
tary companies. Petition had frequently been made that 
a special armory be provided by the State. In dtie course 
of time Architect R. W. Hill, who designed the similar 
buildings about the State, received the commission to make 
plans for a brick building for armory purposes alone in this 
city. The lot chosen by the State was at the south-east 
corner of Phoenix and Abbott avenues, so situated that the 
grade of the latter avenxie was considerably above the 
foundation on that side. On December 20, 1883, this build- 
ing was dedicated with lavish ceremony. Among the 
guests were Gov. Thomas M. Waller, Adj. Gen. D. N. Couch, 
Brig. Gen. S. R. Smith and Col. C. P. Graham. On the 
committees were Maj. Spencer, Maj. E. S. Hayden, pay- 
master on the brigade staff, Maj. Bannon, Lieut. C. H. 
French, assistant surgeon on the 'colonel's staff, Capt. P. F. 
Bannon, Capt. J. B. Doherty who had succeeded Capt. 
White in command of Company A; Lieuts. James Horrigan 
and M. T. Bradley and First Sergt. T. F. ivieara of Com- 
pany G, and Lieuts. C. E. Hall and F. K. Woolworth and 
First Sergt. F. J. Manville of Company A. 



74 THE MttlTART HISTORY 



At the time of Col. Chatfield's death in 1863, "a former 
resident " had broached the subject of a soldiers' monu- 
ment. Many times in later years the matter had been 
brought up until at last, largely through the influence of 
the Rev. Dr. Joseph Anderson of the First Congregational 
church, it had taken definite shape. By private subscrip- 
tions, by donations from the companies, by a Grand Army 
fair and in one way and, another the money had been 
raised. After a competition, the order for the design for 
the, monument — to cost $35,000 — had been awarded to 
Sculptor George E. Bissell of Poughkeepsie, N. Y., himself, 
as it happened, a volunteer from Waterbury and a pay- 
master in the navy. The monument, declared the hand- 
somest of its class it the United States, was erected near 
the west end of the green and was dedicated October 23, 
1884, the entire Second regiment participating in the exer- 
cises. September 13, three years later, the companies 
paraded on the occasion of the dedication of the Chatfield 
monument, also the work of Mr. Bissell, in Riverside ceme- 
tery. 

The year 1886 saw one more change in the uniform. It 
had been decreed that the entire brigade should be clothed 
alike, the serviceable costume of the regular army to be 
closely followed. The men of the Second discarded their 
old gray suits and gaudy belts for dark blue, single breasted 
coats and light blue trousers, all with white trimmings and 
a careful avoidance of anything of the tinsel nature. 

Feb. 19, 1885, the regiment claimed still another major 
from Waterbury and this time it was Capt. Doherty of 
Company A, whose place was taken March 2 by C. E. Hall. 
Under Capt. Doherty the company had led the entire 
brigade in percentage of attendance at drills during several 
seasons. A fine set of horse equipments was the com- 
pany's token to him of their esteem. 

December 13, 1887, the officers of Company A, Capt. L. F. 
Burpee and Lieuts. C. L. Stocking and F. M. Bronson, 
offered a handsome gold badge to be awarded to the best 
drilled man at annual contests at the close of the drill sejt- 



OF WATERBURT. 75 



son. Both companies now had finely furnished equipment 
rooms and parlors in the armory. 

Maj. Doherty became colonel July i, 1889, thus bringing 
the headquarters to Waterbury. F. T. Lee of New Haven 
was lieutenant colonel. Col. Doherty's staff was selected 
as follows: A. M. Dickinson, Waterbury, adjutant and cap- 
tain ; George G. Blakeslee, Waterbury, quartermaster and 
first lieuteijant; William H. Newton, Wallingford, pay- 
master and first lieutenant; Dr. John M. Benedict, Water- 
bury, surgeon and major; William G. Daggett, of New 
Haven, assistant surgeon and first lieutenant; Charles C. 
Ford, of New Haven, inspector of rifle practice and captain; 
the Rev. Justin E. Twitchell, D.D., of New Haven, chaplain. 
Fred W. Miller of Waterbury was drum major. 

And then still another major was chosen from Water- 
bury in the person of Capt. Lucien F. Burpee whose succes- 
sor in Company A was C. L. Stocking. Maj. Burpee's com- 
mission dated from February 3, 1890. 

By the character of the officers and their positions in 
civil life, Waterbury easily demonstrated its ability to pre- 
serve the prestige of a regiment which, dating from 1639, 
proudly lays claim to the honor of being the oldest mili- 
tary organization in America, and the people were not 
slow in showing their appreciation of the distinction which 
these men had won for the town. Their first public oppor- 
tunity was splendidly improved on the occasion of the ball 
given by the Second Regiment Officers' Association in City 
hall on the evening of February 6, 1890, a social event 
which has never been surpassed in this city. 

January 10, 1890, Gov. Morgan G. Bulkeley appointed 
Capt. A. H. Embler of Company D, Second regiment. New 
Haven, adjutant general vice Barbour whose resignation 
had resulted from a contest between the First regiment on 
the one side and Gov. Bulkeley and polo players who 
wanted the use of the armory on the other. March i. Col. 
T. L. Watson of the Fourth was appointed to succeed 
Charles P. Graham as brigadier general and John P. Kel- 
logg, with rank of captain, was appointed an aid on his 



76 THE MILITABT HISTORY 



Staff, May 12. Gen. Graham has brought his case before 
the Senate, now Democratic in complexion, and it is gener- 
ally considered a lamentable possibility that Gen. Watson's 
appointment may not be confirmed as a result of the polit- 
ical spite aroused by the recent elections. The Democrats 
claim that Luzon B. Morris is elected Governor by a nar- 
row majority ; the Republicans hold that ballots were 
thrown out illegally and that there is no choice by the peo- , 
pie. The Senate has sworn in Judge Morris and will have 
nothing to do with the Republican House, thus leaving Mr. 
Bulkeley as acting governor but putting a stay to all pro- 
ceedings, including the making of appropriations. If there 
is no appropriation there can be no camp. 

May 28, 1890, the Waterbury companies participated in 
the field day maneuvers of the Second which took the form 
of an attack upon Meriden by the New Haven battalion 
with the Gatling gun platoon of the regiment under Lieut. 
Col. Lee and the defense of the city by the Meriden, Mid- 
dletown, Wallingford and Waterbury companies under 
Maj. Burpee, Col. Doherty acting as referee. It was the 
finest and most successful piece of practical work ever 
undertaken in the Connecticut militia. 

A brief word as to the present system of drilling may be 
of interest to anyone who, years hence, may be looking up 
the military history and customs of these times. Enlist- 
ment is for five years. The drill season is from November 
I to June I, each company being required to drill each week 
long enough to make a total of five hours for the month. 
Special attention is bestowed upon guard duty and skirmish 
drill. Particular instriiction is given to line officers and 
also to non-commissioned officers who meet regularly for 
that purpose. After January i each year, there is at least 
one battalion, drill a month. In the spring each company in 
the State is required to devote one day to out-of-door drill 
and one day in the fall is likewise set apart for target 
practice. There is also one annual muster and inspection. 
Late in the summer, the whole brigade, four regiments, 



OF WATERBTTRY. 77 



goes into camp on the State's grounds at Niantic for a six 
days' tour of duty. For this duty, as for field day, the State 
allows $2 a day to each soldier; one "ration "(30 cents) a 
day for each enlisted man, four rations for line officers, 
and six rations for colonel, five for lieutenant-colonel and 
four for major and the commissioned staff. In addition, the 
colonel has an allowance of $60 a year toward expenses. 
The State also makes proper allowance for horses and their 
forage, for mounted officers. On the other hand the State 
exacts from the soldiers a fine of $5 for each unexcused 
absence from any of the three roll-calls a day. The uniform 
worn by the men is furnished by the State ; the officers are 
allowed $10 a year toward theirs. It consists of a dark blue 
frock coat, with a single row of buttons for the men and a 
double row for the officers, lighter blue trousers with white 
stripe and black helmet with brass ornaments and spike. 
Then there is a plain blue fatigue coat and a forage cap with 
vizor. In full dress uniform, the officers wear shoulder 
knots. The guns are of the old style Springfield breech- 
loading, 45 calibre, extremely antiquated and useless, hav- 
ing been issued in 1870. 

The companies also have a civil or club organization, 
controlled by regularly elected officers. As such organ- 
ization, they debate all matters relating to the welfare of 
the company, elect into the body as many members as they 
see fit and arrange balls and entertainments to keep, up the 
company fund. The entire militia is governed by the State 
Regulations. 

The military poll tax in round numbers amounts to 
$110,000 a year and, with all its liberality, the State man- 
ages to get an average surplus of about f 10,000 out of this 
after paying all the military expenses. In return for its 
expenditures, the government has at hand, ready at a 
moment's warning, a body of men whose skill, discipline 
and equipment are said by the national authorities to be 
second to those of no volunteers in the Union and to be 
equalled by but few. 



78 THE MILITARY HISTORY 



Record in Indian and French Wars. 



Clark, Timothy, 2d Lieut., 1759. 

PoLFORD, Gershom, 3d Lieut., 1755. 

HiCKOOX, Samuel, Capt., 1745. 

JuDD, Samuel, 1st Lieut., 1762. 

Lewis, Bldad, Cupt., 1762. 

Holmes, Reuben, Col. lUiaois Regt. Black Hawk war, 1852;- aid to Gen. 
Dodge. [Grad. West Point, '23; 2d Lieut. 6tli Inf. ; Capt. of Dra- 
goons, '53; died '53.] 



Revolutionary Record. 

[It is to 1)6 remem'jerod that nearly all tue militia served more or less in tlie field.] 

Baldwin, JoNATn.\N, Lieut. -Col. lOth Mil., '75-'78. 

B.\LDWiN, Isaac, Surgeon (lOth ?) some time during war. 

Baldwin, Samuel, (?) 1st Lieut. 2d' Co. 5th Bat., '76. 

Barnes, Amos, Capt. in Hooker's Regt., Apr. 5-20, '77. 

Barnes, Nathaniel, Capt. 10th Mil., '77. 

Beach, Joseph, Eqs. 4th Co., 5th Bat., '76; Ens. in Hooker's Regt. Apr. 

5-20, '77. 
Bbebe Ira, Lieul. 10th Mil., '77; Capt. 27th Mil., '78. 
Benedict, Aaron, Lieut. 3rd Wat. Co., '76. 
Benham, Isaac, Lieut, com'd'g in 10th Mil., '76. 
Bronson; Isaac, L'd Lieut., 8th Co., 1st Regt., '75; Capt. 3d Wat. Co., '76; 

Capt. 27tii Mil., '78. 
Bkonson, Isaac Jit., 1st Lieut., 2nd Bat., '76. 

Bronson, Isaac, Surgeon, Sheldon's Dragoons, Nov. 14, '79, to end of war. 
Bronson, Michai.l, 2ud Lieut., 4th Co., 5th Bat., '76; Acting Adjt., '77. 
Bronson, Ozais, Eas. in Hooker's Regt., April 9, May 20, '77. 
Bronson, Samuel, Ens. 2nd Co. 10th Mil., '76. 
Camp, Samuel, E is. 2d Co., 10th Mil., '75; Capt. in Hooker's Regt., March 

29, '77. 
Castle, Phineas, Capt. 1st Wat. Co., 10th Mil., '76. 
Collins, Augustus, Maj. 28th Mil., May, '82. 
Conant, Roger, Eqs. 18th Co., 10th Mil., '75. 
Curtis, Jesse, Capt. lObh Mil., '75; 1st Lieut. 5th Co., 1st Regt., May 1- 

Dec. 10, '^5; Capt. in Hooker's Regt., Nov. 5-May 21, '77; Maj. 

28th Mil., .Tan. '80; Res., '82. 



01' waterbtjut. 79 



CoKTis, JOTHAM, Capt. 4th Wat. Co., '76; Capt. in 10th Mil., '77. 
CoRTis, Giles (?) Ens. in 6th line, Jan. 1, '77; Lieut. May 10, '80; Ees. 

Sept. 13,. '80. 
CaBTis, Eli, Sergt.-Maj., 8th line, April 10, '77; Ens., Nov. 17, '77; Lieut. 

April 21, '78; Res., Dec. 4, '79. 
DuTTON, Titus, Lieut, in Corps Artidcers, Feb. 33, '79. 
DuTTON, Thomas, Lieut. 3nd Wat. Co., '76. 
Edwards, Nathaniel, 3d Lieut. 13th Co., 10th Mil., '75; 2d Lieut. 5th Co. , 

1st Eegt. May 1-Dec. 10, '75; 1st Lieut, in Bradley's Bat. '76; 

Capt. in Hooker's Eegt. '77; Capt. in Provisional Eegt. '81. 
Fenn, Benjamin, Jr., Ens. 2d Bat., '76. 
Fenn, Thomas, Capt. 10th Mil., '77. 
Fowler, Noah, Lieut. -Col. Com'd'g 28th Mil., May '82. 
FooT,'MosES, Lieut. 15th Co. 10th Mil., '75; Capt. 37th Mil., '78. 
Garnsbt, Joseph, Capt. 10th Mil., '75, '77; Capt. 37th Mil., '78. 
Grannis, Enos, Sergt. Sept. 13, '77; Lieut. Corps Artificers, Nov. 13, '79. 
Hart, Samuel, Ens. 8th Co. 10th Mil., '76. 
Hecock, Amos, Jr., 2d Lieut. 4th Co., Swift's Bat. '76. 
HiCKOX, Amos, Jr., Ens. 19th Co. 10th Mil. '76. 
HiCKOx, Joseph, Capt. 8th Co. 10th Mil. , '76. 
Hopkins, Stephen, Lieut. 6th Wat. Co. 10th Mil., '76. 
Ives, Lazarus, Lieut, in Hooker's Eegt. Apr. 5-20, '77. 
Law, William, 2d Lieut. 3d Bat., '76.' 
Leavenworth, Nathan, Surgeon's Mate, Mass. Line, Feb. '80 to eud of 

war. 
Lewis, John, Jr., Capt. 4th Co. 5th Bat., '76; Capt. 10th Mil., '77. 
Mathews, Stephen, 1st Lieut. 8th Co. 1st Eegt., '75; Capt. 4tli Co. 

Swift's Bat., 76. 
Merriams, Isaac, Ens. in Hooker's Eegt. Apr. 5-30, '77. 
Osborne, Lott, Ens. 13th Co. 10th Mil., '76. 
Parsons, Simons, Lieut, in Hooker's Eegt. March 39-Apr. 33, '77. 
Pendleton, Daniel, Capt. Corps Artificers, Aug. 86, '77 to end of war. 
Pond, Timothy, Lieut. 4th Wat. Co., '76. 
Porter, Ashbel, Lieut. 1st Wat. Co. 10th Mil., '76. 
Porter, James, Ens. in Canfield's Eegt., West Point., Sept., '81. 
Porter, Phineas, Capt. 8th Co. 1st Eegt., '75; Maj. 10th Mil., '75; Maj. 

5th Bat., June 30, '76; Col. 10th Mil., '77; Col. 38th Ua., Jan. '80. 
Potter, Stephen, 3d Lieut. 3d Co. 5th Bat., '76. 
EiCB, Nehemiah, 1st Lieut, in Elmore's Eegt., Apr. 15, '76; Adjt. 8th 

line, Jan. 1, '77; Capt. 8th and 5th line, Nov. 15, '77; continued, 

'81. 
Richards, Benjamin, Ens. 19th Co. 10th Mil., '75; Lieut. 19th Co. 10th 

Mil., '76; Capt. 3d Bat., '76; Capt. 10th, '77; Lieut. Col., 28th 

Mil., Jan. '80; Ees. in '83. (?) 



80 THE MILITAKT HISTORY 



EOBEETS, Jonathan, Lieut. 19th Co., 10th Mil., '75. 

Sanford, Daniel, Lieut. 5th Wat. Co., lOfch Mil., '76. 

Scott, Ezekibl, Capt. 3d Co. 2d Kegt., May 1-Dec. 10, '75; Capt. 22d 
Continental, '76. 

ScoviLL, Samuel, Ens. Wat. Co., '76. 

Seymour, Stephen, Capt. 5fch Wat. Co. IQth Mil., 76; Capt. 37th MU., 
'78. 

Seymour, Joshua, Capt. 37th Mil., '78. 

Smith, David, Ens. 8th Co., 1st Regt. '75; Capt. in Elmore's Eegt. Apr, 
15, '76; Capt. 8th Eegt. '77; Maj. 8th line. Mar. 13, '78; Sub-In- 
spector Varnum's 1st Conn. Brig., Mar. 39, '78-'81; Brig. Maj. 2d 
Conn. Brig., May 13, '79; subsequently Maj. Gen. Conn. Militia. 

Smith, Matthew, Lieut, in Hooker's Eegt., Apr. 13-May 20, '77. 

Stanley, Abraham, Lieut, in Hooker's Eegt., Apr. 1-32, '77. 

Strickland, Samuel, (?) Capt. 27th Mil., '78. 

Terrill, Israel, Ens. 15th Co., lOth Mil., '75. 

Terrill, Josiah, Capt. 6th Wat. Co., 10th Mil., '76. 

TuTTLB, Lucius, Eas. 10th Mil., '77. 

TUTTLE, Timothy. Sergt. 8th liae. May 24, '77; Ens. June 16, '78; Res., 
May 13, '79. 

Warner, James, 1st Lieut. 4th Co., 5th Bat., '76; Capt. 27th Mil.. '78. 

Woodruff, John, Capt. 2d Wat. Co., lOfch Mil., '76; Capt. 27th MU., '78. 



Record in War of 1812. 



Bellamy, Joseph, 1st Lieut., Aug. 3, '13 (?); Sept. 8th, '14; Disc. Oct. 20, 

'14. 
Buckingham, John, Capt., Aug. 3, '13; Sept. 8th, '14; Disc. Oct. 20, '14. 
HoTCHKiss, Sheldon, 2ud Lieut., Sept. 29th, '14; Disc. Oct. 20, '14. 
ScoviLL, Jambs M. L., 2nd Lieut., Aug 30, '13; Disc. Sept. 16, '13. 



Bradley, Anhr, Lieut. Col. "Vol. Exempts.' 



Mexican War. 



I 



Bell, A. N., Surg. Gulf SquadroQ. 

KiNGSB.URY, Julius J. Baokus, Brvt. Maj. 1st Inf. IT. S. A., Aug. '43; Maj. 

May 7, '49; Dism. Jan. 27, '53. [Grad. West Point '23; 2ud Lieut. 

2nd Inf.; Capt. Feb. 13, '37]. 



OT" WATEEBURT. 81 



Record in the Rebellion. 



Abbott, Chaklbs S., Capt. Co. H, 20th; Sept. 8, '62; Disc. Nov. 10, '62. 
Bannon, Chaeles R., 2nd Lieut. Co. C, 1st H. A., March 12, '62'"; 1st 

Lieut. Co. B, Sept. 23, '62; Capt. Co. B, Nov. 19, '64; M. o., Sept. 

25, '65; Brvt. Maj., Apr. 9, '65. 
BiKRELL, James M., 1st Lieut. Co. H, 23d, Nov. 14, '62; Res. Apr. 6, '63. 
BlSBELL, Gboege E., Priv. Co. A, 23d, Aug. 20, '62; Disc. Aug. 31, '63; As- 
sistant Paymaster South Atlantic Squadron to close of war. 
Beonson, Nelson, 1st Sergt. Co. B, 8th, Sept. 25th, '61; 1st Lieut. Co. 

E, Mai-ch 18, '62; Disc. Jan. 17, '63; 1st Lieut. Vet. Res. Corps, 

Aug. 19, '63; Disc. Oct. 15, '66; 2nd Lieut. 42nd U. S. Infantry, 

July 28th, '66; 1st Lieut. June 8, '74. 
Beonson, John T., Sergt. Co. E, 8th, Sept. 25, '61; 3ud Lieut. April 8th, 

'62, Res. Oct. 2, '62. 
Beonson, McKendeie W., Sergt. Co. A, 23d, Nov. 14, '62; Ist Sergt. 

Nov. 35th, '62; Lieut. Co. C, Apr. 9, '63; M. o., Aug. 31, '68. 
Carpenter,' Samuel W. , 1st Lieut. Co. D, 1st, April 22, '61; Capt. Co. 

C, 14th, Aug. 4, '63; Disc. Nov. 29, '67. 
Carkoll, William, 2nd Lieut. Co. F, 9th, Oct. 30, '61; Res. Deo. 20, '62. 
Chatpield, John L., Maj. 1st., AprU 22, '61; Lieut. -Gol., May 10, '61; 

Col. 3d, May 31, '61; Col. 6th, Aug. 22, '61. Died of wounds 

Aug. 9, '63. 
Claffee, Patrick T., Priv. Co. D, 1st, April 22, '61. Sergt. -Maj. 9th, 

Sept. 9, '61; 2d Lieut. Co. 0, Feb. 25, '62; 1st Lieut. May 18, '62; 

Died Oct. 5, '62. 
COLTON, Joseph, Hosp. Steward, 1st., May 28, '61; Qaart.-Mast. 6Dh, 

June 25, '63; Disc. Sept. 18, '64. 
Coon, Marcus, Capt. Co. D, 1st, April 22, '61 ; 1st Lieut. Co. B, 1st Squad. 

Cav. (Co. D, 2d N. Y. Cav.), Aug. 39, '61; Capt. Jan. 15, '63; 

Dism. Oct. '63. 
CcMMiNas, Joseph H., 1st Sergt. Co. I, 1st H. A., May 33, '61; 2d Lieut. 

Co. B, Nov. 6, '61; 1st Lieut., March 1, '63. Died Aug. 38, '64. 
Dareo-w, William T., Sergt. Co. D, 5th, July 23, '61; 2d Lieut. Co. D, 

Nov. 7, '61. Res. May 2, '62. 
Downs, Levi B., Priv. Co. I, 1st H. A., May 33, '61; 2d Lieut. Co. C, 107th 

U. S. Col'd Infantry, July 9, '64; 1st Lieut. Co. B, Dec. 6, '64. 

Disc. Nov. 22, '63. 
DURTBE, Rbdfield, Priv. Co, D, 6th, April 22, '62; Adj. 3d, Sept. 21, '63; 

Col., Dec. 10, '63. Ees. May 29, '64. 
Elliott, James P., Priv. Co. I, IstH. A., June 8, '61; Corp., March 9, '63; 

1st Sergt., May 23, '64; 2d Lieut. Co. D, IstH. A., Dec. 10, '64. 

M. o. Sept. 25, '65. 
6 



83 . THE MILITAEYjHrSTORY 



Foley, John, Capt. Co. F, 9tli, Oct. 30, '61. Res. Dec. 20, '63. 
Hamilton, David B., 1st Lieut. Co. D, 5th, July 32, '61; Capt. Co. K, 

Sept. 13, '63. Disc. Jan. 10, '63. 
Hamilton, William, 1st Lieut. Co. K, 5th, July 33, '61; Res. Nov. 24, '63. 
Hitchcock, Author, Priv. Co. D, 1st, April 22, '61; 2d Lieut. Co. D, 35th 

U. S. Col'd Infantry, June 5, '65; Disc. Dec. 6, '65. 
Holmes, Charles E. L., Col. 33d, Nov. 14, '63; Disc. June 18, '63. 
Hudson, Edward P., 1st Sergt. Co. D, 1st, Apr. '33, '61; Capt. Co. E, 6th, 

Aug. 38, '61; Res. Feb. 19, '64. 
Hurlbitrt, Charles D., 3d Lieut. Co. H, 33d, Aug. 14, '63; 1st Lieut. 

April 16, '63; Disc. Aug. 9, '64. 
Larkin, George F., Priv. Co. C, 1st H. A., March 11, '63; Corp., April 

16, '63; Sergt., May 10, '64; 3d Lieut. Co. H, June 15, '65. M. o., 

Sept. 35, '65. 
Leavenworth, Mel. C, Asst. Surg., 13th, Dec. 31, '61. Died Nov. 16, '62. 
Martinson, Augustus, Priv. Co. D, 6th, April 33, '63; 3d Lieut. Co. M, 3d 

N. Y. Cav., Dec. 10, '63. Killed June 17, '63. 
Mintib, Alexander E., Sergt. Co. H, 30th, Sept. 8th, '63; 3d Lieut. Co. 

I, Nov. 1,'63; 1st Lieut. Co. C, March 17, '64. Disc. May 3, '65. 
Morris, William B., 3d Lieut. Co. D, 1st, April 33, '61; 1st Lieut. Co. D, 

1st Cav., Oct. 8, '61; Capt., Oct. 5, '63; Dism. June 16, '64. 
Neville, Edwin M., 3d Lieut. Co. D, 1st Cav., Feb. 1, '64; 1st Lieut. Co. 

H, 1st Cav., Feb. 16, '65. Awarded national medal of honor for cap- 
ture of flag. M. o. Aug. 3, '65. 
Peck, Henry B., Capt. Co. H, 15th, Aug. 35, '63. Died Jan. 30, '63. 
Place, Henry N., 1st Lieut. Co. E, 8th, Sept. 35, '61. Res. March 18, '62. 
Pratt, Henry A., Q. M. Sergt. Co. A, 1st H. A, March 19, '63; 3d Lieut. Co. 

G, March 24, '62; 1st Lieut. Co. H, Feb. 18, '63; Disc. March 18,'65. 
Pritchard, William L. G., Priv. Co. C, 14th, Aug. 1, '63; Corp. Jan. 14, 

'64; Sergt., March 1, '64; 1st Sergt., Sept. 30, '64; 3d Lieut. Co. 

B, Feb. 15, '65. M. o. May 31, '65. 
Rice, Edward J., 3d Lieut. Co. D, 5th, July 33, '61; 1st Lieut. Co. I, Nov. 7, 

'61; Capt. Co. G, Oct. 14, '63. - Res. July 33, '63. 
Rockwell, Philo G., Surg. 14th, Aug. 33, '63. Disc. March 8, '63. 
Seward, Samuel H., Corp. Co. I, 14th, Aug. 33, '63; 1st Sergt., Feb. 11, 

'63; 3d Lieut., June 5, '63; 1st Lieut. Co. H, Oct. 20, '63. Disc. 

July 8, '64. 
Seymour, Frederick J., 1st Lieut., Co. C, 14th, Aug. 33, '62; Capt. Co. 

G, Nov. 13, '62; Disc. Deo. 24, '63. 
Simpson, James F., 2d Lieut. Co. C, 14th, Aug. 23, '62; 1st Lieut. Co. D, 

Feb. 4, '63; Capt. Co. C, Oct. 20, '63; Disc. Nov. 16, '64. 
Skidmoee, John R., Priv. Co. D, 1st Cav., Oct. 14, '61; Corp. Nov. 9, '62; 

Sergt. Jan. 18, '64; Capt. Co. B, Dec. 10, '64; M. o. Aug. 3, '65. 
Smith, Martin B., Capt. Co. B, 8th, Sept. 6, '61; Lieut. Col. Mayl, '63; 

Disc. Jan.l3, '65. « 



OF WATERBURT. . 83 



Snaqo, Henry L., Corp. Co. D, 1st, April 33, '61; Sergt. Co. 0, 14th, Aug. 4, 

■62; Sergt. Maj. April 15, '63; 1st Lieut. Co. H, Sept. 1, '63; Capt. 

Oct. 30, '63; Disc. May 5, '64. 
Spencer, Fred. A., 1st Lieut. 2d Colorado cavalry, May 15, '63; M. u. 

Sept. 23, '65. 
Spruce, Jambs, 1st Lieut. Co. I, 20th, Sept. 8, '62; Capt. Co.B, April 8, '65; 

M. o. June 13, '65. 
Stocking, George A., 1st Sergt. Co. C, 14th, Aug. 28, '62; 2d Lieut. Co. 

D, Nov. 13, '63; 1st Lieut. Co. I, Nov. 18, '64; M. o. May 31, '65. 
Titus, George, Sergt. Co. C, 5th, July 23, '61; Sergt. Maj. Jan. '63; 2d 

Lieut. Co. E, 5th, Oct. 16, '63; res. Aug. 4, '64. 
Tucker, George W., 1st Sergt. Co. A, 33d, Nov. 14, '62; 2d Lieut. Nov. 

25, '62; M. o. Aug 13, '63. 
Wadhams, Henry W., Sergt. Co. C, 14th, Aug. 20, '62; 2d Lieut. Co. D, 

March 3, '63; 1st Lieut. Co. K, Nov. 13, '63; killed May 26, '64. 
Wadhams, Luman W., Sergt. Co. D, 1st, April 33, '61; 3d Lieut. Co. E, 

8th, Sept. 6, '61; res. March 18, '63; 1st Lieut. 3dH. A., Aug. 18, 

'62; Capt. Aug. 24, '63; died of wounds June 3, '64. 
Wells, Alfred, 3d Lieut. Co. A, 23d, Sept. 1, '63; 1st Lieut. Nov. 14, 

'62; Capt. Nov. 25, '62; Disc. Aug. 9, '64. 
Whiting, James H., Priv. Co. A, 23d, Nov. 14, '62; Adj. April 9, '63; M. 

o. Aug. 31, '63. 
Wilcox, Jay P., Corp. Co. D, 1st, April 32, '6l'; Sergt. Maj. 6, 'Sept. 31, 

'61; 2d Lieut. Co. A, 6th, Jan. '63; 1st Lieut. Mar. '63; Capt. Co. 

B, 6th, Feh. 31, '64; killed May 10, '64. 
WiLLBY, Junius M., Chaplain 3d, June 14, '61; M. o. Aug. 12, '61. 
WoosTBR, William H. H., Priv. Co. E, 6th, Feb. 28, '64; 2d Lieut. Co. 

E, April 8, '64; Q, M. Oct. 31, '64; M. o. Aug. 31, '65. 



84 



THE MILITARY HISTOBY 



COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 



Colonial Commanders. 



1683 Thomas Judd, St., Sergt. 
1689 John Stanley, Lieut. 
1695 Thomas Judd, Lieut. 
1703 Timothy Stanley, Lieut. 

Captains. Lieutenants. 

1715 (Dea.) Thos. Judd, 1716 John Hopkins, 1689 Thomas Judd, 

1732 Ephraim Warner, 1732 William Hickcox, 1695 Timothy Stanley, 
1727 William Hickcox, 1727 John Bronson, 1715 John Hopkins, 

1730 William Judd. 1730 Timothy Hopkins. 1722 John Bronson, 

1737 William Judd, 
1730 Samuel Hickcox. 



FIRST COMPANY. 



Captains, 
1730 William Judd, 
1746 Thomas Heacock, 
1754 Thomas Porter, 
1757 Timothy Judd, 

1760 Gideon Hotchkiss. 
(2ud Co. ?) 

1761 Edward ScoviU, 

1763 Thomas Richard, 

1764 Stephen Upson, 
1767 Jonathan Baldwin, 

1769 Abel Woodward 
(West), 

1770 Ezra Bronson, 

1771 Thomas Cole 
(West). 



Lievtenanta. 
1733 Sam'l Hickcox, 
1740 Thomas Richards, 
1746 William ScoviU, 
1754 Obadiah Richards, 
1756 John Lewis, 
1761 Amos Hitchcock, 

1763 John Nettleton, 

1764 Jonathan Baldwin, 
1766 Abel Woodward, 
1769 Samuel Porter, 
1769 Peter Welton 

(West). 

1769 BartholomewPond, 

1770 Ashbel Porter, 

1771 Samuel Curtis, 
1774 Phineas Porter. 



1732 John Scovill, 
1740 David Scott, 
1746 Nath'l Arnold, 
1754 John Lewis, 

1756 Gideon Hotchkiss, 

1757 Edward Scovill, 
1759 James Smith, 
1763 Abel Woodward, 

1763 Sam'l Hickcox, Jr., 

1764 Andrew Bronson, 

1766 Peter Welton, 

1767 Sam'l Porter, 

1769 Thos. Cole, 

1770 Stephen Miles, 

1771 Benj. Richards, 
1771 Nath'l Barnes, Jr., 

1773 Phineas Porter, 

1774 Reuben Blakeslee. 



OF WATBRBnilT. 



85 



SECOND COMPANY. 



Oa/ptains. 
1733 Timothy Hopkins, 
1743 Stephen Upson, 
1751 Dan'l Southmayd, 
1759 Geo. Nichols, 

1765 Jos. Brownson, 

1766 John Welton, 

1769 Sam'l Hickcox, 

1770 Abr'm Hickcox, 
1774 Mich'l Dayton. 



Lieutenants. 
1733 Thos. Bronson, 
1741 Stephen Upson, 
1743 John Judd, 
1759 Josiah Bronson, 
1763 Joseph Bronson, 

1765 Wm. Hickcox, 

1766 Sam'l Hickcox, 
1766 JesseLeavenworth, 

1769 Rich'd Seymour, 

1770 Hezekiah Brown, 

1773 Sam'l Brown, 

1774 Stephen Mathews. 



1733 Stephen Upson, 
1741 John Judd, 
1743 Dan'l Southmayd, 
1759 Eben'z'r Warner, 
1763 Wm. Hickcox, 

1765 Aaron Harrison, 

1766 Stephen Welton, 
1766 Abrah'ra Hickcox, 
1770 Sam'l Brown, 
1770 Joseph Warner, 
1773 Nath'l Richardson, 

1773 Michl Dayton, 

1774 Amos Bronson, 
1774 Isaac Brownson, Jr. 



THIRD COMPANY. 



Captains. 
1740 Thos. Blachley, 
1751 John Bronson, 
1754 Phineas Eoyoe, 
1770 John Lewis, 
1773 Sam'l Porter. 



Lieutenants. 
1740 John Bronson, 
1744 Dan'l Curtis, 
1751 Jacob Blakely, 
1754 John Sutlief, 
1770 Sam'l Porter, 
1773 Thos. Kincaid, 
1773 Amos Osborn. 



Ermgns. 
1740 Dan'l Curtis, 
1744 John Warner, 
1749 Phineas Eoyce, 
.1754 Zachariah Sanford, 
1770 Amos Osborn, 
1773 John Lewis, Jr. 



NORTHBURY COMPANIES. 



Captains. 

1765 John SutUef, 

1766 Aaron Harrison, 

1767 Dan'l Potter, 
1769 KandaU Evans. 



Lieutenants. 
1765 Stephen Seymour, 

1765 Benj. Upson, 

1766 Heman Hall, 
1769 Bliphalet Harts- 
horn, 

1769 Josiah Rogers, 
1769 Bartholomew Pond 



Ensigns. 

1764 Stephen Seymour, 

1765 David Blacksley, 

1765 Sam'l Curtis, Jr., 

1766 Josiah Rogers, 
1769 Jude Blakesley, 
1769 John Allcook. 



[For Revolutionary period-see Kevolutiouary Record.] 



86 



THE MIXITABT HISTORY 



Twenty-Sixth Regiment, 

4tli Div., 8tli Brig.* 



Lieutenant Colonels com'd't. 
1787-93 David Smith, 1807-09 Micah Blakeslee, 

1793-96 Aner Bradley, 1809-13 Garrett Smith, 

1796-99 Daniel Potter, 1813-15 Daniel Mills, 

1799-03 William Leavenworth; 1815 Lemuel Porter, 

1803-05 Street Richards, 

1805-07 Bleazer Judd, 1790-95 Samuel Camp (10th Regt.) 

[The Majors and First Majors here given won no higher rank.] 

First Majors. 
1803 Caleb Hickox, 1808-13 Isaac Upson, 

1803-07 Preserve Carter, 1815-16 AUen Bunnel. 



1796-1800 Noah Baldvi^in, 
1812-15 Cyrus Clai-k, 

1790-95 Samuel Royce, 
1795-97 Jesse Hopkins, 
1797-01 Liuus Penn, 
1803-08 Timothy Richards, 



1795-03 Uriel Gridley, 
1803-06 Israel B. Woodward, 



Second Major's. 

1816 Ira Hotchkiss. 

Adjutants. 

1808-11 Miles Dunbar, 
1811-13 John Buckingham, 
1814 Aaron Benedict, 
1815-16 Lyman Potter. 

Ghaplains. 

1806-14 RusseU Wheeler, 
1814-16 Roger Searle. 



1793-94 (?) Wait Smith, 
1794-97 Luke Potter, 
1797-03 Noah M. Bronson, 
1803-06 Jesse Allcox, Jr., 
1886-10 Hector Smith, 

1792-95 Isaac Bronson, 
1795-96 John Kingsbury, 
1796-98 (?) Daniel Stone, 
1798-03 Josiah Smith, 
1803-05 Joseph Leavenworth, 



1810-13 H. A. Hylegan, 
1813-13 Orlando Porter, 
1813-15 Lyman Potter, 
1815-16 Chester Hurd. 

PaymaMers. 

1805-08 Ebenezer French, 
1808-10 Isaac Doolittle, 
1810-13 John Buckingham, 
1812-14 Aner Bradley, 
1814-15 Chester Hurd. 



*See page 20. 



OF WATERBDRY. 



87 



1795- (?) Isaac Baldwin, 
1801-03 John Elton, 
1803-05 Samuel Elton, 

Surgeon' 

1801-06 Frederick Leavenworth 
1806-07 Ed. Field. 

1788 Benjamin Upson, 
1788 David Buckingham, 
1788 Aaron Fenn, 

1788 Ebenezer Porter, 

1788 Jacob Fenn, 

1788 Charles Upson, 

1788 William Leavenworth, 

1788 Josiah Seymour, 

1790 Timothy Gibbud, 

1793 Justus Dayton, 

1793 Joel Dunbar, 

1792 Uri Doolittle, 

1793 Oliver Stoughton, 
1793 Eben Smith, Jr., 
1793 Eben Hoadley, 
1793 Noah Baldwin, 
1795 Titus Darrow, 
1795 Herman Munson, 
1795 Elisha Frost, 
1795 Street Richards, 
1795 Caleb Hickox, 
1795 Samuel Fenn, 
1795 Jared Terrill, 
1795 Daniel Smith, 

1795 Isaac Judd, 

1796 Levi Bronson, 

1796 Amos Seymour, 

1797 John Kingsbury, 
1797 Jesse Hopkins, 

1797 Stiles Hotchkiss, 

1798 Walter Judd, 

1799 Enos Hickox, 

1799 Ephraim Tuttle, 

1800 Jared Prichard, 
1800 Eleazer Judd, 



Surgeons. 

1805-11 John Potter, 
. 1811-14 Anson Tuttle, 
1814-16 Ambrose Ives. 

's Mates {not prom). 

1816 John B. Johnson. 



Captains. 



1800 Preserve Carter, 
1802 Amzi Tallmadge, 
1803 , Richard Fenn, 

1802 Micah Blakeslee, 

1803 John Lewis, 

1802 Joseph Twitchell, 

1803 Lemuel Harrison, 

1802 Joseph Bronson, 

1803 Josiah Tyler, 
1803 Allen Wells, 

1803 Garrett Smith, 

1804 Asael Merriam, 

1804 Isaac Upson, 

1805 Joseph Leavenworth, 
1805 James Skilton, 

1805 Moses Hall, 
1805 Eleazer Scovill, 
1805 S. J. Hickox, 

1805 Harvey Upson, 

1806 Daniel Mills, 

1806 Philo Bronson, 

1807 Calvin Hoadley, 

1807 Landon Loveland, 

1808 Lemuel Porter, 
1808 Joseph Woodruff, 
1808 Harmon Bronson, 
1808 David Royce, 
1808 Jesse Allcock, 

1808 Daniel Bells, 

1809 Cyrus Clark, 

1809 Silas Porter, 

1810 AllynBunnel, 
1810 Samuel Hickox, 
1810 Benjamin DeForest, 
1810 Luther Hotchkiss, 



THE MILITARY HISTOKY 



CwptavM — contmued. 

1810 Hezekiah C. Peck, 1813 Asa Fenn, 

1811 Titus Seymour, 1813 James Tuttle, 
1811 Ira Hotchkiss, 1814 Bela Welton, 
1813 James Brown, 1814 Samuel Camp, Jr., 
1813 Silas Grilley, 1814 Sedley Woodward, 
1813 Lyman Baldwin, 1815 Levi Hall, 

1813 David Woodward, 1815 Miles Hotchkiss, 

1813 Gates Upson, 1815 Ebenezer Abbott. 



Lieutenants (not appearing later as Captains). 

Ard Welton, Charles Frisbie, Timothy Pond, Jr., Blisha Stephens and 
Demas Judd, '88; Benjamin Baldwin, '88; David Lewis and Arba Cook, '90; 
John Adams, J. S. Merriman, Stephen Turner, Elihu Spencer and 
Ethel Bronson, '93; Jacob Hemingsey, Asa Darrow, Mark Warner, 
Amos Titus and Ephraim Tuttle, '95; Josiah Terrill, '97; Joseph B. Oandee, 
'98; Japhet Benham, '99; Elijah Nettleton, John Merriman, Richard War- 
ner and Daniel Tyler, 1801; D. R. Merriman, Samuel Pardee, Abraham 
Hickox and Ebenezer Richardson, '03; H. Bronson, S. J. Thompson and 
John Norton, '05; Thomas Welton, Eli Beardsley and Selden Shelton,'08; 
Hezekiah C. Peck, '09; Apollos Warner, '10; Edmond Austin, '13; Gideon 
Piatt, Benjamin Fenn, S. B. ScoviU, John O'Brien, Levi Hart and Levi 
Wooster, '13; Pliny Sheldon, '14; Archibald Miner, Elihu Moulthrop 
and Stephen Stone, '15. 



Ensigns [not appearing later in higher rank.) 

Sylvanus Adams, '88 ; Elnathau Thrasher, '90; Miles Newton, Elijah 
Brown, Ezra Lockwood, Jr., Titus Welton, Samuel Buckingham and 
Philo Hoadley, '93 ; James Scovill, John Hickox, Titus Hotchkiss and 
James Merriman, '95; Sheldon Scovill, '96; Daniel Clark, '97; Asahel 
Lane and Andrew Osbom, '98; Josiah Tyler, '99 ; Joseph AUcox, '01 ; Sey- 
mour Welton, Richard Welton, Jr., Eli Hine and David Tyler, '03; Na- 
thaniel Woodruff and Joel AUcock, '04; Eli Beardslee, Ebenezer Frisbie, 
Ammi Darrow and Isaac Hopkins, '05; Marcus Bronson, '06 ; Reuben Chat- 
field, Roderick Stanley, Royce Lewis and Wyllys Terrill, '08; Samuel Hor- 
ton, '09; Samuel Root, Ansel Porter, John Seymour, Eliel Maun, Harvey 
Stoddard, Archibald Minor and Archibald Stevens, '13; David Warner, '14; 
Lyman Dunbar, Riley AUcock, Eli Welton, Jr. , John Partree, Jr. , Moses 
Pond, Jr. , Lewis Parker and Lamberton Munson, '15. Edward S. Merri- 
man, major of band, '10; J. M. L. Scovill, sergeant-major, '11; Chauncey 
Garnsey, Jr., drum major, '11. 



OF ■WATEEBtnRT. 89 



Twenty-Second Redment, 

IstDIV., 2nd BRIG. 



Colonels. Zieut.- Colonels. Majors. 

1816-17 Lemuel Porter, 1817-18 James Brown, 1817-18 Bela Welton, 
1832-34 Ohauncey Root, 1818-25 Bela Welton, 1824-25 OrrinHotohkiss, 
1838-39 David B. Hurd, 1825-26 Marcus Bronson 1828-32 Chauncey Root, 
1889-44 Stephen Payne, 1835-38 D. B. Hurd, 1832-38 EnochW. Frost, 

1838-39 Stephen Payne, 1841-42 Ozro Collins, 

1844-46 RichardWelton, 1839-41 E. J. Porter, 1844-47 0. Ives Martin. 
1816-18 John Bucking- 1841-43 Levi Bolster, 

ham, (2d rifle- 1842-44 Ozro Collins. 

men). 

Adjutants. 

1825-27 David Hayden (junior) 
/ 1838-43 A. P. Judd, 
1844r-47 Lucius P. Bryan. 

Surgeons. 
1817-19 Ambrose Ives, 1831-39 Daniel Porter. 

Paymasters. 
1817-18 G. M. Hotchkiss, 1843-44 Samuel Pritchard, 

1838-39 Graham Hurd, 1844-47 A. H. Martin. 

1839-40 Ozro Collins, 

(Quartermasters. 

1836-38 Jared Prichard, 1838-39 H. A. Smith. , 

Chaplains. 
1838-44: 45-47 Jacob L. Clark. 



90 



THE MILITARY HISTOBT 



FIRST FLANE COMFAXT. 


Captains. 


lAeutenantB. 


Endgns. 


1816 James Brown, 


1816 Gideon Piatt, Jr., 


1816 Samuel Root, 


1818 Samuel Hoot, 


1818 Anson Sperry, 


1817 Anson Sperry, 


18i9 Anson Sperry, 


1819 Bnos Warner, 


1818 Nath'l R. Morris, 


1823 E. P. Root, 


1831 E. P. Root, 


1819 Enos P. Root, 


1834 Chauncey Root, 


1833 Chauncey Root, 


1821 Chauncey Root, 


1839 Lauren Frisbie, 


1834 Israel Holmes, 


1833 Israel Holmes, 


1831 Enoch W. Frost, 


1828 Lauren Frisbie, 


1834 Lauren Frisbie, 


1833 Leonard Prichard, 


1829 Enoch W. Frost, 


1835 Sam'l J. Holmes, 


1834 David B. Hurd, 


1832 L. Prichard, 


1837 Enoch W. Frost, 


1836 Merit Tompkins, 


1833 D. B. Hurd, 


1829 Carlos Hungerford, 


1837 A. P. Judd, 


1835 Merit Tompkins, 


1830 L. Prichard, 


1838 J. W. Finch, 


1836 A. P. Judd, 


1833 D. B. Hurd. 


1839 Levi Bolster, 


1837 Gabriel Post, 


1833 Merit Tompkins, 


1839 B. J. Porter, 


1838 E. J. Porter, 


1835 Abijah P. Judd, 


1840 Robert Johnson. 


1839 W. H. Eaves, 


1836 J. R. Benham, 




1839 Lucius Beach, 


1837 J. W. Pinch, 




1840 Geo. Prichard. 


1838 Levi Bolster, 

1839 L. S. Beach, 

1839 John Southard, 

1840 John Sandland, 
1840 Ralph H. Guilford. 



FIRST BATTALION COMPANY. 



Captains. 
1816 Bela Welton, 
1818 Pliny Sheldon, 
1831 Ransom Soovill, 
1833 Marcus Bronson 
1836 Edward Welton (?), 1826 
1827 John S. Kingsbury, 1827 
1880 C. C. Judd, 
1831 S. A. Hickox, 
1836 Jas. C. Wheeler, 

1838 J. M. Grannis, 

1839 J. S. Welton, 

1840 Lucius Curtis, 
1842 Richard Welton, 
1845 WiUlam Umber- 1843 

field, 1847 

[1848 Henry Smith]. 



1816 
1818 
1821 
1823 



1880 

1831 
1883 
1838 
1889 
1841 



Lieutenants. 
Pliny Sheldon, 
Ransom Scovill, 
Edward Scovill, 
Edward Welton, 
J. S. Kingsbury, 
Hiram Upson, 
Sherman A. Hic- 
kox, 

David A. Sprague, 
Julius J. Bronson, 
John S. Welton, 
Arthur Hunt, 
Richard Welton, 
Henry Merriman, 
Daniel Judd. 



Ensigns. 
1816 Ransom Scovill, 
1818 Julius J. B. Kings- 
bury (one year), 
1831 Isaac Brown, 
1823 John S. Kings- 
bury, 
1826 Hiram Upson, 

1837 Charles 0. Judd, 
1830 Philo Brown, 

1881 S. M. Morris, 

1882 Elias Beebe, 
1836 J. M. Grannis, 

1838 George Jones, 

1840 Geo. Merriman, 

1841 Henry Merriman, 
1847 Chas. T. Grilley, 
1847 Henry Smith, 



OF WATBRBUKY. 



91 



CAPT. PAYNE'S COMPANY. 



Ccvptains. 
1835 Stephen Payne, 

1838 Geo. Payne, 

1839 Elizur Kimball, 

1844 IvesO. Lewis, 

1845 Daniel H. Holt. 



Lieutenants. 
1835 George Payne, 
1838 Henry Hotchkiss, 
1840 J. Hitchcock, 

1844 Daniel H. Holt, 

1845 Jason Hotchkiss. 



Ensigns. 
1885 Henry Hotchkiss, 
1888 Elizur Kimhall, 
1839 Daniel Hitchcock, 
1841 John Wallace, 

1844 Jason Hotchkiss, 

1845 Orrin Hotchkiss. 



93 THE MIMTAKT HISTOKT 



Second Regiment, 

c. s. m., C. N. G. 



Colonels. lAeut. -Colonels. Majors. 

1863-66 Stephen W.Kel- 1887-89 John B. Doher- 1863 S. W. KeUogg, 

logg, ty. 1866-68 E. J. Rice, 

1889— JohnB. Doherty. 1869-75 G. W. Tucker, 

1881-84 C. R. Bannon, 
1885-87 J. B. Doherty, 
1890— Lucien F. Bur- 
pee. 
Adjutant. 
1889— Arthur M. Dickinson. 

Q,uartm"m,ati,er. 
1889— George G. Blakeslee. 



1855-61 S. W. Kellogg, 
1877 Fred A. Spencer, 
1878-83 Edward S. Hayden. 

Surgeons. 
1865^66 Philo G. Rockwell, 1888 Carl E. Hunger, asst. 

1883-87 Charles H. French, asst., 1889— John M. Benedict. 

CTia^lain. 
1865-68 J. Eaton Smith. 



COMPANY H, SECOMTD C. S. M. 



Captains. 
1854 Richard Hunting, 1857 John L. Chatfield. 

Virsl Lieutenants. 
1854 John L. Chatfield, 1859 Timothy Guilford, 

1857 Aner Bradley, Jr., I860 Marcus Coon. 

Second Lieutenants. 
1854 Aner Bradley, Jr., 1859 Marcus Coon, 

1857 Timothy Guilford, 1860 Henry N. Place. 

Third Lieutenants. 
1854 Rufus Leonard, 1855 James E. Wright. 

1857 Martin B. Smith. 



OF WATEBBTTRT. 



93 



UNION OTTAKD, CO. A, SECOND C. S. Iff. 



1861 C. E. L. Holmes, Gaptain.—S. W. Kellogg, Mrst Lieutenant;— O. B. 
Thomas, Second Lieutenant. 



COMPANY A, SECOND C. S. M., C. N. O. 



Captains. 


Mraf Lieutenants. 


1863 E. J. Rice, 


1863 F. L. Mintie, 


1866 G. W. Tucker, 


1864 G. W. Tucker, 


1869 A. I. Qoodi-ich, 


1866 G. A. Stocking, 


1877 P. A. Spencer, 


1868 A. I. Goodrich, 


1882 F. E. White, 


1869 D. L Dickinson, 


1883 J. B. Doherty, 


1871 G. H. Cowell, 


1885 C. E. Hall, 


1876 C. L. Stocking, 


1886 F. K. Woolworth, 


F. H. Smith, 


F. L. Blakeley, 


1880 F. R. White, 


1887 L. F. Burpee, 


1882 J. B. Doherty, 


1890 C. L. Stocking. 


1883 C. E. Hall, 




1885 F. K. Woolworth, 




1886 F. L. Blakeley, 




li. F. Burpee, 




1887 C. L. Stocking, 




1890 W. E. Moses. 



Second Lieutenants. 

1863 C. F. Church, 

1864 M. W. Bronson, 

1865 Carlos Smith, 
M. L. Scudder, 

1866 H. M. Stocking, 

1868 L. S. Davis, 

1869 C. B. Vaill, 

E. B. Harper, 
1871 W. Wilson, 
1874 C. L. Stocking, 
1876 F. H. Smith; 

F. R. White, 
1880 J. B. Doherty, 

1882 C. B. Hall, 

1883 F. K. Woolworth, 

1885 F. J. Manville, 
P. L. Blakeley, 

1886 L. P. Burpee, 
P. M. Bronson, 

1888 W. E. Moses, 
1890 0. W. Burpee. 



COMPANY D, SECOND C. N. G. 



Captains. First Lieutenants. Second Lieutenants. 

1866 James P. Simpson, 1866 W. L. G. Pritchard, 1866 James M. Birrell, 

1867' B. L. Cook, J. M. Birrell, E. L. Cook, 

1869 James J. Gilbert, 1867 James J. Gilbert, 1867 J. J. Gilbert, 

1870 John L. Saxe. 1868 J. B. Perkins, William Wilson, 

1869 W. S. Wilson. B. P. Bronson, 
1869 A. Mosier. 



94 



THE MILITAKT HIBTOKT 



COMPANY a, SECOND C. N. G. 



1871 0. K. Bannon, 
1881 P. F. Bannon, 
1884 C. R. Bannon, 
1886 A. J. Wolff. 



Mrst Ideutenants. 
1871 W. S. Wilson, 
1874 D. A. McGraw, 

1879 T. H. White, 

1880 James Horrigan, 

1881 J. H. Reid, 
1884 T. P. Meara, 

1886 K. J. Farrell, 

1887 D. E. Fitzpatrick. 



Second Ideutenants. 
1871 D. A. McGraw, 
1874 M. F. Maher, 
1879 T. F. White, 

James Horrigan, 
1881 J. H. Reid, 

1883 M. T. Bradley, 

1884 T. F. Meara, 
A. J. Wolfif, 

1886 K. J. Farrell, 
M. Cooney, 

D. E. Fitzpatrick, 

1887 P. Halpin. 



OF WATBRBURT. 95 



Other Companies. 



PHCENIX GTJARD. 



1861 S. W. Kellogg, Captain;— B.. N. Place, First Z4eutenant;—E. J. Rice, 
Second Lieutenant. 



WATERBTTRY ZOUAVES, CO. D, LIGHT INFANTRY. 



1862 James E. Coer, Captain; A. B. Crook, Mrst Ueutenant; G. A. Stock- 

ing, Second Lieutenant. 

1863 James F. Simpson, Captain; James M. Birrell, Mrst Ueutenant; C. 

D. Hurlburt, Second Lieutenant. 



COMPANY 0, SECOND BATTALION. 



1863 S. H. Perkins, Captain; S. W. Kellogg, First Lieutenant; 0. S. Ab- 
bott, Second lAeuterumt. 



LIGHT ARTILLERY, 2nd SECTION, BATTERY C, C. N. G. 

1865 A. B. Wilson, First Lieutenant;-ll. L. B. Pond, Second TJeutenant. 



96 THB SmiTABT HISTORY 



Generals and General Staff Officers. 



1793-95 David Smith, Brig. -Gen. 8th Brig. 
1795-1800 David Smith, Maj.-Gen. 4th Div. 

1800-03 Daniel Potter, Brig. -Gen. 8th Brig. 

1839-40 David B. Hurd, Brig. -Gen. 3d Brig. 

1866-71 Stephen W. KeUogg, Brig. -Gen. SdBrig. 

1800-03 John Kingsbury, Brig.-Maj. 8th Brig. 

1866-67 Philo G. Hurd, Surgeon-Gen. 

1866-71 George E. Terry, Asst. Adjt.-Gen. 2d Brig. 

1877-79 Guernsey S. Parsons, Aid Gov. Hubbard's Staff. 

1883 Fred A. Spencer, Brig. Insp. Kifle Practice. 

1884-90 Edward S. Hayden, Brig.-Quart.-Mast. 

1890 John P. Kellogg, Aid Brig. Staff. 



OF WATEBBURY. 



97 



Roster of Company A, February, 1891. 



Captain, Charles L. Stocking. First Lieutenant, William E. Moses. 
Second Lieutenant, Charles W. Burpee. 

Mrst sergeant, Henry B. Carter; * quartermaster sergeant, E. J. Schuyler; 
sergeants, W. H. Claxton, J. W. Fitzpatrick, W. L. Munson, W. A. Gold- 
smith. 

Corporals, E. R. Heebner, J. S. Whiteman, P. H. Spencer, James Geddes, 
Edwin Hart, W. R. Keaveney, H. C. Cady, E. 0. Goss. 

Mumiaiis : C. A. Lathrop, W. W. Webster, F. B. Webster. 



R. E. Bailey, 
H. F. Baker, 
C. B. Baker, 
W. G. Barton, 
W. A. Bigelow, 
G. A. Blanchard, 
P. C. Boden, 
G. W. Brown, 
O. H. Burr, 
W. G. Christian, 
A. Chadwick, 
T. Chadwick, 

E. S. Carter, 

F. B. Daniels, 
H. L. Daniels, 
E. E. Dewitt, 
John H. Goss, 



Privates. 

T. E. Guest, 
C. M. Germann, 
Charles Herman, 
R. M. Hulsart, 

E. N. Humphrey, 
C. H. Humphrey, 
Clinton Hart, 

J. M. Henderson, 
W. H. Haines, 

F. W. Ingraham, 
R. Kiersted, 

J. E. Marsh, 
B. W. McDonald, 
John McKeever, 
W. H. J. McNeil, 
David Miller, 



W. T. McClelland, 

E, L, Norvell, 
G. E. Pettitjean, 
George Proudman, 

F. Reynolds, 
C. H. Ross, 
W. J. Snow, 

N. H. Schwartz, 
H. S. Scoville, 
C. W. Smith, 
A. N. Trott, 
Charles J. Terrell,, 
Robert Walker, 
J. W. Ward, 
Frank Welton,, 
H. A. West. 



* Appointed sergeant major March 9, 1891. 



THE MILITARY HISTOET OF WATEKBUET, 



Roster of Company G, February, 1891. 



Gaptain, Alfred J. Wolff. First Lieutenant, Daniel K. Fitzpatrick. 
Second Lieutenant, Patrick Halpin. 

Mnt sergeant, William T. Keaveney; qvMrtermaster sergeant, Thomas F. 
Bolger; sergeants, Edward A. Butler, Eichard F. Dunne, Thomas F. Halli- 
man, Bartholomew J. Collins. 

Corporals, Thomas Magner, Peter W. Phelan, Edward L. Maloney, 
Edward Luddy, John Linehan, John Massey, William Clarken, Patrick 
H. Dauaher. 

Musicians: Joseph Hayden, (trumpeter) John F. Flaherty, Christopher 
Nolan. 

Privates. 



John R. Arrol, 
W. H. Beauchamp, 
D. M. Casey, 
W. H. Carroll, 
John J. Cullen, 
D. P. Connor, 
M. J. Crane, 
H. J. Crane, 
Thos. R. Conlan, 
John Dillan, 
Thos. Dillan, 
Jeremiah Dillan, 
William Evans, 
J. M. Fitzgerald, 
W. J. Fitzgerald, 
J. W. Garde, 



John Holihan, 

F. J. Hudner, 

J. F. Hanlon, 

Thos. Kirk, 

F. W. Lawlor, 

T. F. Lawlor, 

W. H. Lynehan, 

Jas. McAvoy, 

F. W. Miller, 

Edward Mouaghau, 

M. J. McEvoy, 

Timothy McEnerney, 

Jas. Magner, 

C. B. Overton, 

J. T. O'Donnell, 



P. H. Phelan, 
Jos. Phelan, 
P. J. Phelan, 
P. F. Quinn, 
C. F. Roper, 

C. C. Russell, 
John Sullivan, 
M. Sullivan, 

E. J. Shanahan, 
T. J. Shannahan, 
J. T. Sherman, 

D. P. Sullivan, 
J. J. Shea, 
W. J. Vance, 

T. T. Whelahan.