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_ Cornell University Library 

F 457D3 H67 1883a 

History of Daviess County, Kentucky, tog 


3 1924 028 845 787 

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After months of unremitting labor the "History of Daviess 
County" is ready for our patrons. None can better understand 
than those who have assisted us, the difficulties to be met in 
the preparation of a work of this kind. Public documents have 
been examined, newspaper files have been reviewed, old settlers 
and prominent men have been visited for the purpose of making 
the record as complete as possible and gaining information of 
interest and value to the subscribers. The incompleteness of 
the public records and the conflicting statements have tended 
to perplex the compilers, but we trust in the main the work 
will prove satisfactory. Members of a family often differ as to 
the spelling of names, contradict each other's statements as to 
the dates of birth, settlement in the county, and nativity; we, 
therefore, have tried to give preference to the majority. While 
errors must necessarily occur under such circumstan,ces we feel 
that we have fulfilled our promises and have given as correct a 
record, historically and biographically, as it is possible to obtain. 
Whatever may be the verdict of those who do not realize the 
extent of our work, and therefore make no allowance for the 
many ways in which errors may occur, we feel sure that all 
thoughtful and just persons will appreciate our efforts, will 
recognize the great public benefit that has been accomplished, 
and will value the book as a memorial in the years to come 
of the lives and adventures of the early pioneers, of the lives 
of men prominent in political and business circles, and of 
individuals less prominent but none the less necessary to the 
county's history, that would otherwise have passed ipto oblivion. 

We tender our thanks to the pioneers, county officials, pastors 
of churches, officers of societies and members of the press for 

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tlieir kind assistance in the collation of data for this history. 
Especially are we thankful for the aid given us by those who 
have subscribed for the work, and trust that the pleasure they 
will have as the years go by, in recalling incidents that are 
related in its pages, will more than compensate for their untirin:.'- 
efforts to, make it a perfect history of Daviess County. 

For Chapter II., entitled "Bill Smothers," so replete with 
reminiscences of early settlement, we are indebted mostly 
to the story published by Colonel Thos. S. McCreery, in the 
Monitor several years ago. , 


Chicago, May, 1883. 

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Oatline History— State Offlcere— United States Senators— RepreBentatives in Congress- 
Eminent Men from Kentncky— Kentucky School Statistics— Illiteracy in Kentucky 
— Population- Census of 1880 17- 



Early Settlement— Early Preachers- Other 
Early Officials- Miscellaneous Notes— A 
Retrospect 49-62 


Bill Smothers 63 

Life and Times of Robert Trlplelt 79 


Organic, Legal and Political— Origin of the 
County and of its Name — Surveys — Political 
Notes — Election Returns— Officials — The 
Courts — Federal Judicial District — County 
Courts- Bar Association 94-111 


Sketches of Public Men 113-157 


The Civil War— The Skirmish near Ovf ensboro 
—The Battle at Sutherland's Hill— The 
Death of Colonel Netter — War Diary Re- 
sumed — Kentucky under Martial Law — 
Owensboro captured — Owensboro Taken 
Again— Company A, First Kentucky Cav- 
i.lry-Sue Munday 158—178 


Material Progress — Population of Daviess 
County— Census of 1880, in Detail— Agricult- 
ural Census — Daviess County Agricultural 
and Mechanical Association — Daviess 
County Fair Association— Daviess County 
Farmers" Club — Daviess County Sorgho 
Sugar Company— Importation of Foreign 
Labor^— Greea River ^Iavigation — Green and 
B irreri River Navigation Company — Daviess 
County Gravel Road Companies— Telegraph 
—Railroads— Owensboro & Nashville R-ill- 
road— Proposed Railroads 179-196 


The Press — Defunct Newspapers — Living 
Newspapers 197—206 


Authors and Artists — Song of the Hammock — 
A Remarkable Autograph Album. ..207— 222 


Medical— The Owensboro Medical Society— 
The Green River Medical Association— The 
McDowell Medical Association— The Ken- 
tucky Pharmaceutical Association— Physi- 
cians of the Past-Present Physitiane SSS-I"* 


Geology of Daviesi County— Physical Ffatnros 
—Rivers and Creeks— The Soil— Coal- 
Limestone and Sandstone— Other Minerals- 
Mineral Springs 846-263 



Botany and Zoology— Tall Trees— Low Trees 
—Bushes and Shrubs— Vines— Native Hprbs 
—Weeds— Zoology— Wild Bees 263-274 


Meteorology— Diary of Jospph Thomas— Tem- 
perature— Ohio Floods— The Flood oi 188.3— 
Miscellaneous ' 875-294 


Miscellaneous — Court-House- Jail — Public 
Square — Poor House — Lost Records — 1 he 
First Will— Milita'y— Capital Punishment— 
MordtT of Robert McFarlaud— Murder of 
Willis Fields— Lod Dnke—Bducation— Tem- 
perance — Celebrations — Southern Relief — 
Land League — Archffiology — Daviess Coun- 
ty's Hunters' Club — The First Marriage- 
Marriage Record — First Steamboat Down 
the Ohio — Anecdotal — Distances Along the 
Ohio River, from Louisville to Cairo — Dis- 
tances on Green River— Distances by the 0. 
& N. R. R.—Post-Offlces— County Atlas— 
Owensboro Directory and County Gazetteer 


OwensborT — Morton's Day-Book — Yellow 
Banks, 181S— Owensboro in 1820— Fragment- 
ary Items- General Progress — Owensboro 
as a City— Owensboro in 1872 — Owensbnro 
In 1882— Population— City Officers— Indus- 
trial and Commercial — First Livery Stables 
—Tobacco Houses— Distilleries— Other En- 
terprises — Banks— Hotels — Owensboro In- 
dustries in 1830 321-358 


Owensboro Continued— Edacational—Public 
Schools— Enrollment and Attendance— Ex- 
penses for Two Average Tears— Churches 


Owensboro Continued— Benevolent Societies 
—Social and Miscellaneons Organization^- 
Cemeteries— Public Benevolence — Owens- 
boro Postmasters — Brief Mention — Bio- 
graphical 387-507 


Boston Precinct— Whitesville Village— Busi- 
ness-Educational- Religious— Elections- 
Biographical 508-554 

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CardBville Precinct — Early Settlement — 
Churches — Cnrdsville — Delaware — West 
LoQiBvIUe — Possani Trot— Elections— Bio- 
Jtraphical 555-590 


Knottsville Precinct— Early Settlement- Poet- 
ofaceB—Charches— Societies— KnottBVille— 
Creeks— Elections— Biographical — 591-630 

Lower Town Precinct— Bon Harbor— Elections 
—Biographical 631-667 


Masonville Precinct— Early Incidentc— Trib- 
bel School-House- Churclies — Masonic- 
Mason ville— Elections-Biographical, 658-71 1 


Murray Precinct— Early Settlement— Churches 
—Mills and Factories — Schools — Lewis 
Station— Newviile— Pleasant Ridge — Elec- 
tions — Biographical 712-7^5 

Oakford Precinct-Early Settlement- Gris- 
som's Landing-Birk Uity-Churches-Elec- 
tioDB- Biographical 7*-/(a 


Sorghotown Precinct - Elections-BiOKraph- 

ical 776;7a5 

Upper Town Precinct - Early Settlement- 
tTlstilleries-A Neighborhood Battle-Elec- 
tions- Biographical 7%-»<i7 

Vanover Precinct — Early Settlement— Van- 
over's Mill— The District School-Honse— 
Panther Creek PoBtofflce-Chnrche8---B lec- 
tions— Biographical .....»«-oi= 


Yelvington Precinct— Early Settlement--Tel- 
vmgton— Churches- Asa Smeathers— Ouhn 
Lee— Elections Biographical 849-Bb7 

Appendix 868-870 


Berry.J.L 607 

Bevier,R S : 209 

Bransford. Benjamin 401 

Calhoon, Samuel 779 

Oamp, James W H73 

Courtney, W. T 445 

Day, Isaac E 535 

Hale, Caleb 508 

Hale, Josiah 823 

Hayden, (ieo. S 30O 

Hayden, Mrs. Geo. S 3iil 

Holmes.J.M 73i 

Kimbley, J.F 85 

Knox, Wm. K 573 

Little, Lncius P 32 

Mattingly, Geo. D 470 

Miller, James C : 


Monarch, M. V 

Monarch, Thomas 

Newton, Col. Wm 

Newton, Mrs. Wm 

Oaborne, J. R 

Rudd, J. C 

Solomon, J. B 

Tennes, Paul 

Todd, O.H 

Triplett, Geo. W 



Able, Henry 604 

Adams, B. G 112 

AUen, A. M 569 

Allen, .1. F 217 

Allgood, A. S 569 

AUgood.G. A Hi 

Alms, Albert F 429 

Anderson, r. S 429 

Armeudt, L. 2i>7 

Arnold, G. M 430 

Atchison, J. D 113 

And, Hillary T 6U4 

And, Joseph 13 605 

Aull, Benjamin T 605 

Aull, 1. A 60:) 

Aull, Jnmcs (Mi 

Adll. rhoB. E 606 

Aull, Wm. T 430 

Ayer, A. 431 

Baer, Beruhard 432 

Bailey, Geo. W 725 

Baird, Jami'S 816 

Baker, Wm, P i-O'i 

Balee, Abram 765 

Balce,J. W 173 

Barker, R. N 6'i7 

Barnrtt.D. L 433 

Baruhill, .las. M liiJH 

Barnbill, Jeremiah 522 



Barnhill, N. B. 
Barr, John A. .. 
Barrett, R. C... 
Bnrllett, J. .4 .. 
Bartletl, S W, 

Bauijhn, S. C 837 

Beli; R. G 8'8 

Bellow, Wm. E 638 

Bennett, Isaac 778 

Bennett, Jas. H 726 

Bennult, S. W .... 727 

Berkohiie, K. Y 433 

Berry, J. 1 6i9 

Berry, J. L 007 

Berry, Mrs. S. A 639 

Beiry, S. T 639 

Bery, Thomas 803 

Buthcl. J .hn K 570 

Bethel, T. P 670 

Bcvier, Col. R. .'* 209 

Bibb, Hon. G. M 114 

Birk, Geo. W 85^ 

Birk, JamcK A 765 

Birkhea'i, J. F 52(1 

Bise, Samuel 8511 

Bishop, J. il 4b4 

Bishop. R. H H4 

Bivcus, James S 837 

Blanrtford, A. P 5711 

Blaudlbrd, J. M 747 

Blandrord, J. R 571 

lilaiulforil, T W 22« 

Board, Eli.i 'lb B.i9 

Boewell, Chajimaii 571 

Boswell, Rjv C. C 571 

BoswH.Qeo, W 8^9 

ISotteuwisn-., J. S 135 

Bolfi. Bei J . . S03 

Buul«!lr' , C. t.. (1411 

Bouiwa c,M. F 04U 

Boulware, W. W ...435 

BowldB. B.J 608 

Bowlds, J. D 698 

Bowlds, L. A 667 

Bowlds, P. J 608 

Bowlds, Zachariah 609 

Boyd, Baker 115 

Kransford, Bern 437 

Braneford, C. W 202 

Brauu, JohnW 438 

BrisLOW, Jasper 66** 

Brodie, Robert 439 

Bi ooks, Rev. A. J 837 

Brooks, B M 439 

Brooks, George 526 

Brotherton, John 439 

Brown, D. H 669 

Brown, J, A 803 

Brown, J.J 571 

Brown, J. P 440 

Brown, O. 727 

Bryan, Gabriel 572 

Bryan, R. A 641 

Bryant, Ottaway 669 

Bryant, Samuel 641 

Burdett, P. H 888 

Burnett, L M 728 

liurnett, W. G 440 

Burton, Horace 527 

Burton, J. A 670 

Biirlon, J, B 671 

Burns, John P 838 

Cain C. T 868 

I t'aihoon, Geo. L 778 

I '.'alhoou. Mitcbe'l .., 779 

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Calhoon, Rev. S 779 

Caihoon, William 188 

..Camp, (ieo. F 675! 

Camp, J. W 673 

Camp, Squire A 671 

Campbell, J . E 641 

Carrico, £1. B 57^) 

Carico, Henry SW 

Carrico, Jotiu T ra9 

C^enter, H. F ai8 

Ctt«jjr, Jonn W 441 

Cary,.Cliii8. M BSd 

CasiMn, J. A 609 

Caatlflti, L. P 805 

cuambera, S. L 441 

Obasmaa, J. K 442 

:G**lEia», W. U 442 

TcnlldreBB, T. J 757 

Cllilsttan, Charles 528 

Clarfe^^^ E 573 

CtarU«(«mphA 806 

Cla|^Pd%,W „ S5» 

^^OfS^e*^?.-- 839 

Clw|%^. J". 443 

CUf(ke:,F. W 806 

"Cla^fcb.Wm. H 443 

ClayKon, Frank 573 

ClaytuD.F.L 444 

Olayton.J.M m.J 

Clements, A. H 609 

Clemems, C. 610 

Clements, J. U blO 

Clemeiits, J. T 573 

Cofer, Col. M. H 117 

Ooffey, G. W 44i 

Coben, Wm. H 339 

Conley.l'.o 573 

Conway,P.F 7e8 

Cook, J. H 6T3 

Cook, Samuel 673 

Cooke, S. C 574 

< Coomes, Ben 1} 807 

Coomes, Hillary F 61 1 

Cooper, U. J 5a8 

Cottrell, C. E 289 

Courtney, J. N 445 

Courtney, W.T 445 

Crouse, Jacob 611 

Cox, (ieorge H 444 

Cox, J. P 330 

Crabtree, Colson 64-2 

Crabtree, Eldred 64* 

Crabtree, Jobn 574 

Crabtree, Solomon 840 

Crabtree, Wm. J 840 

• Crane, D. P 369 

Cray croft, Thos. A 118 

Ciigler, 1'.; 529 

Crinnian, L A 7<i9 

Crow.J.G 729 

Crumban^h, S. B 119 

Crnse, Jas. B 446 

Cruse, Zachariah 807 

Gratclier, B. H 446 

Cummins, J. F iJ74 

Cundiff, B. T 7;«) 

■• Daly, F. lyi 529 

Daniel, I. C 807 

Darr, Jacob 4t7 

Daveiss, Col. Jo. H 119 

Daveiss, Joseph ^~b 

Davis, A. A 730 

Davis, Amos 731 

Davis, J. H 732 

Dawson, Berj. T. 443 

Dawson, Jas. E 448 

Dawson, Rev. W. H 869 

Day, Isaa? E 530 

Dean, John A 123 

DeaUe, Silas M 449 

, Delker, J. G 149 

Deters, B^ f ..;...., 383 

DeVylder, J. F 450 

Douihitt, D A.... 612 

Douthitt, P. E 612 

Drury, I. G 2.i0 

Drury, W. F 612 

Uugan, John 789 

Duncan, Wm. B 860 

Dunlap, Robert 450 

Daan, Wm. W 530 

Duval, SeIhA 675 

Early, Joel H 612 

Edwards, E 840 

Eger, Anthony 5I 

English, F. y 452 

Elliott, Wm. W 840 

Ellis, Geo. F 124 

Eliie, Henry 676 

Ellis, Rev. J. P 531 

Ellis, J. W 231 

Briis, Luther C 533 

Ellis, P .whatan 613 

Ellis, WalterP 643 

Ellis, Wm. T 12:1 

Erwin, J. H 841 

Evans, John 613 

Fant, W. H 808 

Faulkner, James 841 

Ferrell, J, H «13 

Ferrell, Michael 643 

Field, Capt. Ben 808 

field, B. T S09 

Fielier, James H 453 

Floyd, Thos. C 634 

Foote, Edwin S 454 

((■ord, Dudley 733 

Ford, JoshU'i G 198 

Frayser, R. J 452 

Frederick, J. C 4,V3 

Frey, Robert 453 

Fulkerson, F. K 574 

Fiiqua, J, A 454 

Gabel, Henry M 455 

Galloway. Z 575 

Gans, Henry C 455 

Gatcwood, Griffin 613 

Gaw, John 764 

Gill, Reuben 734 

Gilmore, W. S 789 

Gipe, Frederick 456 

Glenn, Dnvid R 575 

Glenn, Duke 575 

Glenn, Hiram H 576 

Glenn, Logan R 576 

Glenn, John 576 

Glenn, Walker 576 

Glenn, Wm. L 789 

Goode, Robert F 8I11 

Goodwin, Ed 84( 

Gordon, Chas. W Jn? 

Gordo'', Jackson 677 

Gore. Joseph W 614 

Graham, H. C 810 

Gravs, M. D 458 

Graves, P. S «il 

Graves, T. H 861 

Gray, J. H -^l: 

Gray, Lynch 458 

Grc'gnry, Wm. W 81 1 

Griffith, Clinton 8(iS 

Griffith, D. M 4.59 

Griffith, J. T 4,VJ 

Griffith, Wm. K 124 

Guenther, Wm. H 45M 

Glillett.Wm. M 644 

Guulher, F. T 460 

Gathri'', Mrs. B. L 644 

Gut.nptel, Jacob 461 

Hiiesley. P. J 370 

Hafner John 614 

Hagan.B. J 61+ 

Hagau, Geo. W ' 535 

Hager, Chas. J 461 

Hasir,H. F ..■>,.... Mt 

„„,....^ .^ ..869 

Hngerman, Gilbert 678 

Hale, Caleb 635 

Hale, JoBiah 231 

Haley, J. H 734 

Hall, Joseph 576 

H. II, Miner 735 

Hall, Richard 677 

llambleton, Edwin 7'.« 

Hamilton, M. W 536 

Hariun, J. A 64'> 

Harl, Thos. H 517 

Harl,Th08.L 677 

Harral8on,B F 234 

Harralson, R. A 577 

Harris, Phocian 6T9 

Harrison, J. G 614 

Hairisou, S. G 679 

Harrison, S. H 462 

Hathway, John C 861 

Havvjs, Ben W., Sr ,. 862 

llawes, Ben W., Jr 862 

HiLwes, Richard 862 

Haydcn, C. L 578 

Hayden, Geo. S 811 

Hayden, H. N 578 

Ha. den,.). S 578 

Hayden, W. J 812 

Haynef, r, L 536 

Hayni'S. Geo. F 125 

Haynes, R. E 462 

Haynee, Samuel 680 

Hazel, Richard H 615 

Hazel, Thos. E 615 

Hazel, Wm. S 615 

Head, B. F 645 

Head, Elisha 616 

Head, Henry B 636 

Head, James A 812 

Head, James F 578 

Head, John 579 

Head, Thos. B 616 

Head, Wm. B 616 

Heavrin, J. P 234 

Hebard, A 770 

Helm.B. H 126 

Helmke, Adolph 463 

Hemingway, Geo. M 841 

Hennig, C. E 579 

Henninjj, H. E 617 

Henning,J.A 617 

Hewlett, Wm. T 735 

Hickman, J. H 463 

Hickman, W. A 2.33 

lligdou, Uhas. N 617 

Higdon, John A 618 

Higdon, R.A 464 

Higdon, Richard 618 

Higgins, J.T 404 

Hill, Jacob 579 

Hill, John R 812 

Hill, William 812 

I Hike, A. S 770 

Hindmiirch, Mathew .. .. 646 

Ilite, Bcnonia 681 

Hite,J. F 5.17 

Hite.J.J «81 

lllte. Thos. T 682 

Hoard, Marcus D.. .. ^62 

Hoard, Wi.i. E 863 

Hohhs, Burr H 235 

Hodgkins, J. H "65 

Holmes, Co'. J. M 735 

Holmes, Wm. E 23." 

Ilorn, Wm. T 813 

Howard, A. G 5;;h 

Howard, F. M M2 

Howard, Fred 73T 

Howard, Henry 737 

Howard, .lohn 7;!) 

Howard, J. W 739 

Howard, 8 B 738 

Howard, S. D •. . 740 

Howard, Thos. J 6''3 

Hurter.H. J 740 

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Htt«k, George ■ • • 593 

HuBk, Wm. J 61'> 

Igleliart. John L 842 

Jackson, C. D 126 

Jackson, Ctirisloplier 684 

Jackson, Robert H 741 

Jamison, J. A fi4ti 

■ 'ohnson, Jas. L.. Iii7 

Johnson, Pnilip T 386 

Johnson, W. H 465 

Johnson. Win. H 741 

Jolly, Geo. W 128 

Jones, D. D 814 

Jonee, MilionE 539 

Jones. Reuben S 685 

Jones, Wm. H 646 

Jones, Wm. J ,., 646 

Jones, Wm. J 814 

Kam, Jasper B 129 

Karn, Wm. H 640 

Kellem, J. C 647 

Kelley, HiUery 647 

Kelly, Joseph 863 

Kennady, S. JO 466 

Kennedy, John C 842 

Kerrick, George W 843 

Kilgors W. B 466 

;a«ibley,J. If •Z'A 

King, Thos. K 5S6 

"tirk, Jas. A 687 

lirk, John L 687 

.irk, W. R 814 

nott, Jas. 1 619 

nott, Leonard 619 

nox, Wm. R 540 

,ollenberg, Geo. A 467 

ragar.Wm.J 77J 

..acklin, Elijah 688 

Lacklin, Fielden 689 

Lacklin, Philip T 689 

Lambert, l.W 6W 

Lambert, J. R 579 

Lamping, Thoe. E 237 

Lancaster, J. R ^47 

Lancaster, N . M 648 

Lanham, J. W 690 

Lashbrook, Achillea . 690 

^aehbrook, J. W 6511 

jashbrook, Norria ' 69i 

i^ashbrook, S. B 743 

Lea, W. T 648 

Lee, David P 643 

Lehman, Frank L 620 

Lehrberg, C. K 468 

Leibfried, Jacob 815 

Lewie, R. M 69:) 

Linton, Jas. P 580 

Lltsey, Geo. W Ml 

Little, Lucius P 129 

Lloyd, J. W 742 

Lloyd, Thos.H 642 

Lockhart, C. J 238 

Lockhart, S. M ..' 238 

Long, Jas.B 815 

Long, S W 468 

Lossie, Wm. & Co 469 

Lostntler, Wm 815 

Lucas, W. J 869 

Lumpkin, Lee 3«'l 

Lyddane, J. A 680 

Maddux, Tapley 695 

Magruder, D. A 743 

Marshall, S. G 744 

MarUn, Jas. W 869 

Martin, I. T 616 

Martin, Thos. D 695 

Martin Wm 816 

Maltingly, Geo. D 470 

Mattingly J. C 471 

Matting'v, M. H 620 

Mattingly, M P 471 

•Matdniily M. S 131 

May, Almariau 744 

May, James H ,. 518 

May, James M 620 

May, Junius 745 

May.Richard 746 

May, William 745 

McAtee,A. J 746 

McAtee, T. W 471 

HcBride, Wm 621 

McCain, Alfred 581 

McCain, Henry H 681 

McCartv, James W 544 

McCarty, John N 581 

McCarty, Justin 546 

Mccarty, W. W 648 

McCormick, B. S 747 

McCormick, EnoB 816 

McCormick, Francis 695 

McCormick, J. K 817 

McCreery, Hon. T. 133 

McDaniel, Chrysostum 621 

McDaniel, H> nry 621 

McDaniel, John 621 

McDaniel, John H 623 

McDaniel, Reason 622 

McDonald, John 619 

McParland, B, W 5S1 

McFarland Hon. J. H 65 

McGehee,M P 698 

McHenry, J. H , Sr 134 

McHenry, J. H., Jr 135 

Mc Johnson. R. P 473 

McLean, L. A 649 

MiPherson, W. Y 472 

Medcalf.Wm. D 622 

Merimee, R. A 58i 

Miller, A B 472 

Miller, Jas C 699 

Miller, John A 473 

Miller, P.J 473 

Miller, Robert 628 

Miller, W. E 816 

Miller, Wm. L 645 

Millett. E. P 475 

Mills, Wm. H 864 

Milne, Colin R 476 

Milton, James 546 

Miichell, Archelaue. 649 

Mitchell, Chas. B 476 

Mitchell, W. R 844 

Mobberly, C.L 748 

Mobberly, Wm. P 700 

Monarch, D. A 62;) 

Monarch, M . V 871* 

Monarch, Richard 477 

Monarch. Thomas 817 

Monarch, T. J 478 

Monsrch.W.H '. 819 

Montgomery, Athanaus ..! ! 819 

r.oore.J.Z 136 

Moore, R. Q 790 

Moore, Wm. H ' 478 

Moorman, John ... 479 

Moredock, J. L 791 

Morel and, Reuben 650 

Morgan. Geo. W 682 

Morris, H. H 819 

Morrlion, J. A 830 

Moseley, Isaac P 844 

Moseley, J. B 844 

Mo8eley,J.J 650 

Moseley, J. W 646 

Moseley, Merit C 845 

Muflitt. Wm 623 

Mullican, J. S 791 

Munday, J. A 203 

Murphy, C. M 845 

Nawz. C G 821 

Neel, Goo. W 547 

Nelson, Mrs. E. J.. . 651 

Ne6bitt,J H 379 

Newman, N.M 773 

Newson Wm. P . ....".. 6'^4 

Newton, Col. Wm .... 821 

Noel, Charles T 701 

Nunn, Robert B 479 

O'Bryan.P. B 737 

O'Bryan, J. R 634 

O'Plynn , Eugene 748 

Ogf. en, Marcus L 480 

Ogden,M.L 138 

Orsburu, H. K 289 

Orsburn. V 239 

Osborne, Dabney T 582 

Osborne, J. R 481 

Osborne, si. W 651 

Owen, Chas. A 748 

Owen, Daniel. <» 716 

Owen, Wm. T...*. 138 

Palmer, Thomas 482 

Parrish, James H 488 

Pate,M. C 647 

Pate, Wm. T 822 

Patrick, Robert 661 

Patterson, James M 793 

Payne, Geo D 822 

Payne, J. L 625 

Payne. J. T 626 

Payne, P. E 828 

Payne, S. T 625 

Payne, S. W ^26 

Payne, Thos. H 823 

Pendleton, B. C 773 

Perkins, Wm.H 139 

Perry, John W «52 

Pettif, Thomas S 1B9 

Pierce, I N 792 

Porter, John W 483 

Pottiuger, R. B 483 

Pottinger, Wm 824 

Powei s, J. D 139 

Priest, C. R 774 

Pnrcell,P. P B48 

Pnrdy,W. E 775 

Qncen, J. P 652 

Ru^Bdale, Robert 548 

RaniBey,BeuP 649 

Ray, James 703 

Read. Philander 749 

Reinhardl, J. W 652 

Reinhardt, W. t'. and Bros. 484 

Reno, Lawson 484 

Reynolds,J. W 583 

Reynolds, T. J 583 

Rhodes, Geo. S B51 

Rhodes, Geo. W 560 

Richardson, I. B 702 

Riddle, Worden 864 

Ritihtmeyer, Louis 653 

Ritchey, Jeflerson 626 

Roberts, C. C 864 

Roberts, Geo. W 864 

Roberts, Henry B 886 

Roberts, John 226 

Robertson. D. C 846 

Roby, Geo. W 626 

Rock.Rev.P. M.J 637 

Rodman, J. H 583 

Rodman, R. M .688 

Rodman, W. E 684 

Rose.M. H 792 

Rosenthal, Bernhardt. . 485 

Rof8,JohnC 485 

Rothchild, Joseph 486 

Rowland, G. B 627 

gahy,O.M : 846 

Kudd, James C 486 

Rudy. Charles ... .'. 407 

Russell, James W 750 

hussell, John B 7B0 

Russell. J. D 865 

Ryon,P. P 751 

Sands, Merit 653 

Sawyer, James 488 

Schenk, Nelson B 865 

Schwab, Eugene 488 

Schweikarth, Henry 584 

Scobee. Rev. Joseph S 489 

Scott, H. W 14« 

Seiber, John A 289 

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Shadwick, Benj 865 

Shaw, Emerson T93 

Sbobe.Andrew 8%4 

Shoemaker, Wm. W 703 

Short, William 846 

Shortell.J.D HO 

Shouec, James 6>!7 

Shaltz, Charles 653 

Blmms.Wm B85 

Sims, JamesM 581 

Skillman, Gilbert 751 

Slack, R. W Ul 

Slaaghter, Jkiseph W 490 

Smeathers. Harold 866 

Smith, George 4W 

Smith, Jacob 4fll 

8mith, James B 585 

Smith, John H 491 

Smith, Joseph H 627 

Smith, Nicholas 493 

Smith, Willis 653 

Smith, W.T 5S5 

Salomon. J. B 37^ 

SoBb.J.M 654 

Speak, Lewis 628 

Spencer, Geo. W 629 

Spilman, Wm. N I?66 

^pringfleld, Wm. J - 240 

^teyens, George 551 

Stinnett, Jamea L 552 

SUrman, M. G 141 

Stirman, W. D 492 

Stockton, Joseph F 552 

Stone, Wiji.A 563 

Stone,Wm. S 654 

Stoat, Joseph H 4P3 

Stnart, James 141 

Stnart, W. A 144 

Sweeney, Hod. Wm. N. . . 144 

Talbott, Geo. W 752 

Tanner, Benjamin 753 

Taylor, E. P. and B. H . . . . 145 

Taylor, John 825 

Taylor.J. H 493 

Taylor, J. T 704 

Taylor, Joseph 704 

Taylor.K. W. 586 

Taylor, Thos. fi 705 

Taylor, Wm. P 706 

Taylor, Capt. Wm.J 706 

Tennis, Mrs. Christina .... 655 

Terrell, Joshua C 494 

Tharp, James K 491 

Thlxton, Charles G 495 

Thixton, -John 495 

Thomas, Charles W 754 

Thomas, Joseph 146 

Thompson,- C.P 586 

Thompson, J. A 586 

Thompson, J. T 656 

Thompson, Leo 587 

Thompson, M. B 793 

Thompson. W. R 687 

Thomson, Geo. N 496 

Thrufcton, Alfred 866 

Tlchenor, Manley B 825 

Todd, Beverly H 496 

Todd.C. H -'40 

Todd, Col. C. S 151 

Todd,B. P 154 

Tompkins, A. C 496 

Tone, Oscar 666 

Trice, O. S 794 

Trlplett, Geo. V 205 

Triplett, Geo. W 154 

Trlplett, Phil I.i7 

Trlplelt,J. H 825 

Triplett, J. H., Jr 497 

Trontmen, J. P 499 

Trnmmell, J%siah....".. . 499 

Turner, J. R 754 

Turnham, Josephus 866 

Tyler, W. B 600 

Vanover, James M $46 

Vanover, James, Jr 847 

Vanover JeptlU 847 

Vanovef, John S 847 

Vanover, W.W 848 

Vowells,C. W 68T 

Voweta; Charles 821 

Walden.S.V 600 

Walker, Jas. R 794 

Walker, Wm. T 867 

Wall.JosephB 587 

Waltrip.Gf. R b88 

Waltrip, John f. 688 

Wandllnc, John 501 

Ward. Walter 653 

Ware, Ellas M 826 

Ware. James W 708 

Warren, John 688 

Wathen, Henry B 628 

Watkins.P. J 502 

Watkins, S. S 242 

Wayne, M.N 589 

Webber, Simeon D 867 

Weber, Martin H 5(i2 

Weiliel, Michael , . . . mi 

Wuill, Erneirt ',.. 603 

Weir, James v.... 207 

Weir, John G t... 503 

Welden, James M BS9 

Wells,Emmet 867 

Wells, laham 654 

Wells, J. G 756 

W^-eler, William B 689 

Wiiitehead, J. M 604 

Wile, Sol. und Sons 604 

Wilhite, 6. A. R.... 708 

Wilhite, John H 755 

WilkereoD, C. E 8« 

Wilkinson, Edward IBS 

Wilkinson, N. H S43 

Williams. Geo. W 147 

Williams, Jeptha 755 

Williams, John J 827 

Williatas, R. T 709 

Williams, Samuel <SSi' 

Wlllkie,P. O ,6; 

Wilson, P. D f, 

Winkler, Joseph F t. 

Winkler, William f 

Winstead, Mrs. Emily .'i 

Winston J. M ! 

Wolf. Aaron., 4 

Wollmon, J. N i 

Wood, A. C .^. 

Woodruff, Henry B ! 

Woodson, W. C &„ 

Wofitten. R. I 82r 

Wright,John 6;6 

Yager, Joel F 506 

Tarboagh, P. B 667 

Teaman, Geo. H '.... 149 

Yeieer, Philip 506 

Yeizer, A. E .■.-.•:."710 

Yeizer.D.E 766 

Yiwell,B.P 711 

Znlauf, Philip R B07 

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Previous to the exploration by the Anglo-Saxon race about the 
iniddle of the eighteenth'century, Kentucky formed a vas't hunting 
ground upon which the savage tribes of the South and of the North 
killed the elk and buffalo, and occasionally encountered each other 
in bloody conflict. No permanent settlements existed within its 
borders. Its dark forests and cane thickets separated the Chero- 
kees, Creeks and Catawbas of the Soutli from the hostile tribes of 
Shawnees, Delawares and Wyandots of the North. All ot these 
tribes encountered the pioneer, and fiercely disputed the settle- 
ment of the country. It is certain, however, that these were not 
the original occupapts of the country, as ancient monuments of 
deep interest speak, in language not to be mistaken, of a race of 
men who preceded the rude tribes encountered by Boone and 
Finley. The origin, language and history of these men are 
buried in darkness Which may never be dispelled; but the scanty 
vestiges which they Bave left behind them enable us to affirm 
hat they far surpassed the rude tribes which succeeded them, in 
acts and civilization. They had worked the copper mines of the 
West, and were in possession of copper tools for working in wood 
and stone. Their large fortifications, constructed of solid masonry, 
and artificially contrived for defense, show that they had foes to 
resist, and that they had made some progress in the military art. 
How long they occupied the country, whence they came, and 
whither they have gone, no one is able to decide; but certain it 
is, that the fortifications and cemeteries which have been examined 
are certainly more than '800 years old, but how much older is 
only a matter of conjecture. ^ 

Passing over the visits to different portions of Kentucky in 1768, 

and again in 1767, the company, headed by Daniel Boone in 1769, 

and by Knox in 1770, may be regarded as the earliest visits 

worthy of particular attention. Boone's party remained in the 

State two years, and the party led by Colonel James Knox came 

one year later and remained about the same time; the two parties 

never met. 

2 . - (17) 

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The bounty in lands which had been given to the Virginia 
troops who had served throughout the old French war, were to 
be located upon the Western waters, and within less than two 
years after the return of Boone and Knox from their long hunting 
excursion, surveyors were sent out to locate these lands upon the 
Ohio River. In 1773 Captain Thomas Bullitt led a party of 
surveyors down the Ohio to the Falls, where a camp was con- 
structed to protect them from the Indians. Three brothers from 
Virginia,' named McAfee, accompanied him to the mouth of the 
Kentucky River. In 1775 other parties of surveyors and hunters 
followed, and during this same year James Harrod erected a log 
cabin upon the spot where Harrodsburg now stands, which rapidly 
grew into a station, and is doubtless the oldest in Kentucky. In 
the spring of 1775 the fort, afterward called Boonesboro, was 
constructed, and five months from that time Boone's wife and 
daughters joined him and resided in the fort, — the first white women 
that ever stood upon the banks of the Kentucky River. In 1775 
the renowned pioneer, Simon Kenton, erected a log cabin, and 
raised a crop of corn near the spot where the town of Washington 
now stands. In the spring of 1776 Colonel Benjamin Logan 
brought his wife and family to Logan's Fort, about one mile west 
of the present town of Stanford, in Lincoln County. During this 
year Colonel George Rogers Clark for the first time made his ap- 
pearance in Kentucky. He visited different stations, but made no 

In the winter of 1776 Kentucky was formed into a county by 
the Legislature of Virginia, and thus became entitled to a separate 
County Court, justices of the peace, sheriff, constables, coroner, 
and ipilitia officers. In the spring of 1777 the Court of Quarter 
Sessions held its first sitting at Harrodsburg, attended by the 
sheriff of the county and its Clerk, Levi Todd. The first court of 
Kentucky was composed of John Todd, John Floyd, Benjamin 
Logan, John Bowman, and Richard Calloway. 

The year 1778 was rendered memorable by two great military 
events. One was the invasion of the country by an army fof 
Indians and Canadians under the command of Captain Dn Quesne, 
a Canadian officer, which proved unsuccessful, and thq other was 
the brilliant expedition of Colonel George Rogers Clark against 
the English posts at Vincennes and Kaskaskia. 

The year 1779 was marked by three events. About the first of 
April a solitary block house was erected by Robert Patterson upon 

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the spot where the city of Lexington now stands; the unfortunate 
expedition of Colonel Bowman against the Indian town of Ciiilli- 
cothe was undertaken and carried out, which resulted in total fail- 
ure; and the celebrated land law of Kentucky was passed by the 
Kentucky Legislature. This law was well intended, and tlie settle- 
ment and pre-emption features were just and libeial. The defect 
was the jieglect of Virginia to provide for the general survey of 
the country at the expense of the Government, and its subdivisions 
into whole, half, and quarter sections, as is now done by the United 

The year 1780 was distinguished by the vast number of -emi- 
grants who crowded to Kentucky for the purpose of locating land 
warrants. Indian hostility was proportionably active, and a for- 
midable expedition, consisting of Indians and English, under 
Colonel Bird, threatened Kentucky with -destruction; and for the 
first time cannon were employed against the stockade forts of 
Kentucky. In November of this year Kentucky was divided into 
three counties, to which the names of Fayette, Jefferson and Lin- 
coln were given. They had now three County Courts, three 
Courts of Common Law and Chancery Jurisdiction, and a host of 
magistrates and constables. No court, capable of trying capital 
ofi'enses, existed nearer than Richmond. 

The year 1781 was distinguished by a very large immigration, 
by prodigious activity in land speculation, and by the frequency 
of Indian inroads in small parties. In May a party of Wyandots 
invaded Kentucky, and committed shocking depredations in the 
neighborhood of Estill's Station. Captain Estill collecfced a party 
of equal force and pursued them rapidly ; but he was totally over- 
powered by the Indians, and himself and nearly all his officers 
were killed. 

A party of Wyandots, consisting of twenty men, encountered 
Captain Holder, at the head of seventeen Kentuckians, and de- 
feated him with loss. 

But these small parties were the mere pattering drops of hail 
which preceded the tempest. In the month of August an armj'^ 
of 600 Indian warriors, composed of detachments from all the 
Northwestern tribes, traversed the northern part oi Kentucky, 
and appeared before Bryan's Station very unexpectedly. The gar- 
rison took prompt measures to repel the enemy. The alarm was 
given to neighboring stations, while those who remained gave a 
bloody repulse to the only assault which the Indians ventured to 

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makeupon the fort. The enemy became discouraged, and re- 
treated to the Lower Bhie Lick. By noon the next day 160 men 
had assembled at Bryan's Station, eager to encounter the invad- 
ers. Colonels Todd, Trigg, and Daniel Boone, Majors Harlan, 
McBride and Levi Todd, Captains Bulger and Gordon, with forty- 
five other commissioned officers, including the celebrated McGary, 
assembled in council and hastily determined to pursue the enemy 
without waiting for Colonel Logan, who was known to be collect- 
ing a strong force at Lincoln, and who might be expected to join 
them in twenty-four hours. The pursuit was keen and bloody, 
the Indians coming out victorious. Todd, Trigg, Harlan, McBride, 
Bulger and Gordon were killed on the field of battle. Sixty offi- 
cers and men were killed, and seven prisoners were taken. The 
number of wounded was never ascertained. Some of the fugitives 
returned to Bryan's Station the night after the battle, and were 
there met by Colonel Logan at the head of 450 men, who continued 
his march to the battle-ground. The bodies of the dead were col- 
lected and interred, and, having satisfied himself that the Indians 
had crossed the Ohio, he returned to Bryan's Station and disbanded 
his troops. 

It was an established custom in Kentucky at that time never 
to suffer an Indian invasion to go unpunished, but to retaliate upon 
their villages and corn-fields the havoc which their own settle- 
ments had experienced. Colonel George Rogers Clark led his 
regiment of State troops against the Indian villages in Ohio, and 
invited the militia of Kentucky to join him. One thovisand rifle- 
men responded to the call, and rendezvoused at the mouth of the 
Licking, under the command of Clark. They penetrated into the 
heart of the Indian country, and reduced their towns to ashes, 
and laid waste the whole country with unsparing severity. Hav- 
ing completely destroyed everything within their reach, the de- 
tachment returned to Kentucky. 

In the spring of 1783 Kentucky was erected into a district, and 
a Court of Criminal as well as Civil Jurisdiction was formed. The 
court held its first session in Harrodsburg in the spring of 1783, 
andjwas opened by John Floyd and Samuel McDowell, as Judges, 
John May, Clerk, and Walker Daniel, Prosecuting Attorney. 
Seventeen culprits were presented by the grand jury. During the 
summer a log court-house and jail of '• hewed or sawed logs nine 
inches thick" was erected on the spot where Danville now stands. 
Peace followed in 1783, and Indian hostilities were for a time 

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suspended. In the siimmer of 1784, some depredations were com- 
mitted by the Indians upon the southern frontier, and Colonel Ben- 
jamin Logan received intelligence that a serious invasion was 
contemplated. Upon an examination of the laws then in existence, 
the most eminent lawyers decided that no expedition could lawfully 
and effectually be carried out against the Indian tribes; the power 
of impressment had ceased with the war, and in a state of peace 
could not legally be exercised. There was no power known to the 
law capable of calling forth the resources of the country, however 
imminent the danger; all of their legislation car e from Richmond, 
distant many hundred miles, and separated from Kentucky by 
desert mountains and interminable forests traversed by roving 
tribes of Indians. The necessity of a government independent 
of Yirginia was deeply and almost unanimously felt. Several 
conventions were held, numerous addresses were sent to the 
Yirginia Legislature, before any action was taken up on the 
subject. It was not until severalJyears of hard labor, indomitable 
perseverance and determined efforts upon the part of Kentucky's 
noble leaders that she was at last separated from her parent State 
and admitted into the Union. In December, 1790, President 
"Washington strongly recommended her admission to Congress, 
and on the ith of February, 1791, an act for that purpose had 
passed both Houses and received the signature of the President. 
In April, 1791, a convention assembled at Danville and formed 
the first Constitution of Kentucky. This Constitution abandoned 
the aristocratic features of Virginia so far as representation by 
counties was concerned, and established numbers as the basis. 
Suffrage was universal, and sheriffs were elected triennially by the 
people. The Executive, Senate and Judiciary were entirely 
removed from the direct control of the people. The Governor was 
chosen by electors, who were elected by the people for that purpose 
every fourth year. The members of the Senate were appointed by 
the same electoral college which chose the President, and might 
be selected indifferently from any part of the State. The Judiciary 
were appointed as at present, and held their offices during good 
behavior. The Supreme Court, however, had original and final 
jurisdiction in all land cases. The Constitution was adopted and 
the officers elected in May, 1792. Isaac Shelby, a brave officer 
who had served in the Revolutionary war, was elected Governor; 
Alexander Bullitt was chosen Speaker of the Senate, and Robert 
Breckenridge, of the House of Representatives; James Brown was 

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•j2 histoky ov ke.s'tucky. 

tlie first Socretary of Staff, ;iiid George Nicliolas the lirst Attorucy 
General. John Brown aiul John Edwards were elected, by joint 
ballot, Senatijrs to Congress; Frankfort was fixed upon as the 
futnre eeatof (Tovernment. During its Hrst session, the Legislature 
was engaged in organizing tlic G<jverninent. Acts ]:iassed estab- 
lishing the Su])renie Court, (Jounty Court and Court of Justice. 
Taxes were ijn]iosed u})on land, cattle, carriages, billiard tables, 
ordinary licenses and retail stores. 

In the meantime Indian depredations were incessant, and Gen- 
eral Washington, to tlio iniinite distress of Kentucky, persevered 
in tlie employment of a regular force in the IS^orthwest instead of 
mounted militia. St. Clair was superseded and General Wayne 
became his successor. A regular force aided by militia was again 
organized, and a final effort made to crush the hostile tribes. 
Iridian murders increased; boats were intercepted at every point 
on the Ohio, from tlie mouth of the Kanaysrha to Louisville, and in 
some cases their crews murdered. Stations upon the frontiers were 
boldly attacked, and were kept perpetually on the alert. Yet the 
President was compelled by public opinion in tlie East to make 
another effort for peace with these enraged tribes, and all hostility 
from Kentucky was strictly forbidden. 

But these efforts were as fruitless as all former' ones had proven 
to be, and in the summer of 1793 preparations for another cam- 
paign against the Indians was urged by the President. A powerful 
regular force had been concentrated at Cincinnati, and a requi- 
sition on Governor Shelby was made for 1,000 mounted riflemen. 
None would volunteer, and a draft was resorted to. 

In the following spring 1,500 volunteers took the field with 
alacrity, under the command of General Scott, and joined the' regu- 
lar force under Wayne. That intrepid commander marched into 
the heart of the hostile country, and on the 20th of August at- 
tacked them in a formidable position near the rapids of the Miami. 
A bloody battle was fought, in which the enemy was completely 
routed. Never was victory more complete. This brilliant suc- 
cess was followed by the most decisive results. A treaty was 
made with the hostile tribes, which was observed until the war ot 

In October, 1795, a treaty with Spain was concluded, by which 
the right to navigate the Mississippi to the ocean was conceded to 
the United States, together with a right of deposit at New Orleans, 
which embraced all that Kentucky desired. 

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In 1802 Kentucky, in common with tlie whole Western country, 
was thrown into a ferment by the suspension of the American 
right of deposit at New Orleans, which had been guaranteed for 
three years, with the further provision, that at the end of three 
years, __should the right of this deposit be withheld, some other 
place should be afforded near the mouth of that river. The right 
was refused by Morales, the Spanish Intendant, and no equivalent 
place of deposit was granted. The excitement increased when it 
was understood that Louisiana had Seen ceded to France, and that 
this important point was held by Napoleon, then First Consul of the 
republic. A motion was made in the Senate of the United States 
to authorize President Jefferson to take and hold possession of 
New Orleans; but milder counsels prevailed, and Mr. Monroe was 
dispatched to France in order to arrange this difficulty with the 
Consul. The American Minister expected to negotiate for a place 
of deposit at the mouth of the river, and was informed that for the 
trifling sum of 15,000,000 francs he could purchase a magnificent 
empire. No time was lost in closing this extraordinary sale; and 
thus the first great annexation of territory to the United States 
was accomplished. 

No circumstances of domestic interest claim the attentic^n of the 
historian, except the trial of Aaron Burr for^treason (a brief out- 
line of which is given in the biography of Jo Daveiss, in the chap- 
ter entitled " Sketches of Public Men"), until the war which broke 
out between the United States and Great Britain in 1812. The 
general history of that war belongs to the history of the United 
States, but no history of Kentucky, however brief and general, can 
pass unnoticed those stirring incidents in the Northwest and South- 
west, in which Kentucky acted so prominent a part. 

The victory gained byjthe Americans at the battle of Tippe- 
canoe, which took place in Indiana the year previous, insured 
peace only a short time, as the schemes of the British had so far 
ripened as to compel the United States to again declare war against 
them. This war was declared June 18, 1812. The Indians imme- 
diately commenced to commit depradations, and during the sum- 
mer of 1«13 several points along the lake region succumbed to 
the British. 

The first events of the war, upon land, were such as might 
naturally be expected from a nation essentially pacific, mercantile 
and agricultural. An invasion of Upper Canada by Hull resulted 
in the surrender of his army, and the joss of the whole Territory of 

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Michigan. An attempt to invade Canada upon the Niagara fron- 
tier resulted in a total failure, attended with some disgrace and an 
immense clamor. By the loss of Michigan, all American control 
over the numerous tribes of Indians of the Northwest was lost, 
and they poured down from the great lakes upon our extended 
frontier in great numbers. The war spirit in Kentucky blazed 
forth with unprecedented vigor. Seven thousand volunteers at once 
offered their services to the Government, and 1,500 were on the 
march to Detroit, when the intelligence of Hull's surrender induced 
them to halt. This disastrous news was received with a burst of in- 
dignant fury, such as no event ever excited in Kentucky. The mili- 
tary ardor of the men seemed rather increased than diminished, 
and a call of the Governor for 1,500 volunteers, to march against 
the Indian villages of Northern Illinois, was answered by more 
than 2,000 volunteers, who assembled at Louisville under General 
Hopkins, and marched into the Indian country, until their provis- 
ions became scarce, and their ardor had become cooled by the 
protracted hardships they had endured, when, without having en- 
countered the enemy, they suddenly abandoned their General and 
returned home in defiance of all remonstrances. The remainder 
of the Kentucky volunteers were placed under the orders of Gen- 
eral Harrison, the Governor of Indiana Territory, and afterward 
elected to the Presidency. This gentleman had fought many 
successful battles, and the last act of Governor Scott's administra- 
tion was to confer upon him the rank of Major-General in the Ken- 
tucky militia, and shortly after the same rank was given him by 
the President, in the regular service, with the chief command in 
the Northwest. 

The plan of the campaign, as laid at Washington City, was to 
assemble under the General the militia of Ohio, Kentucky, Yir- 
ginia and Pennsylvania, with such regular troops as could be 
raised, to retake Detroit, overawe the Northwestern tribes, and 
conquer Upper Canada. The Secretary of War evidently regarded 
this as a very simple undertaking, and the autumn and winter of 
1812-'13 was spent in unsuccessful efforts to carry out this plan. 
The face of the country presented obstacles to the march of an 
army with necessary baggage and supplies, which the Secretary 
seems to have overlooked. The command of the lake was entirely 
overlooked, and was in the possession of the enemy. Volunteers 
were furnished in great numbers; they were fall of courage and 
ardently desired to fight. The Government was anxious to furziisir 

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everything necessary, but every department was inefficient and 
inexperienced; blnnders, delays and disappointments occnrred 
without nuiAber; the ardor of the volunteers expended itself in 
inglorious struggles with hunger, disease, intolerable hardships 
and privations, and one of the finest of the Kentucky regiments, 
commanded by the brave and unfortunate Allen, was with much 
difficulty restrained from disbanding and returning home. The 
money expended in eftorts to drag provisions and ammunition 
through a marshy wilderness of nearly 200 miles, would have 
equipped a fleet sufficient to maintain the command of the lake, 
and the sums wasted in the Quartermaster's department would 
nearly have furnished transports for a sufficient force to have 
seized Maiden. But the campaign was planned as though the 
swampy wilderness was a high and healthy region, traversed by 
the best turnpike roads; and the Secretary seemed ignorant that 
such a body of water as Lake Erie was in existence. 

After untold hardships, forced marches through horrible roads, 
sometimes upon half rations, Jan. 1 found the army with the left 
wing at Fort Defiance, under General Winchester, and the rigtt at 
Upper Sandusky, under Harrison. The left wing was composed 
almost entirely of Kentucky volunteers, and the right of militia 
from Ohio, Pennsylvania and Virginia. The object was to ad- 
vance to the Rapids, thence to make a march upon Detroit. The 
left wing took the lead and reached the Kapids on the 10th, where 
they halted to wait tlie arrival of General Harrison. On the 14th they 
received intelligence that two companies of Canadian militia and 
about 200 Indians were at Frenchtown, on the river flaisin, and in- 
stantly a burning thirst for battle seized both officers and soldiers. 
Frenchtown was about thirty-pight miles from the Rapids, and only 
eighteen miles from the British garrison of Maiden. The lake 
was frozen hard, and the march over the ice from Maiden could be 
made in a few hours. Tlie British could in a short time throw 
2,000 men upon Frenchtown, and no support was nearer than Up- 
per Sandusky, at least five days march distant, i'et a detachment 
of 990 Kentucky militia was thrust forward within the very jaws of 
the British garrison, to strike at this detachment of Indians and 
Canadians. Colonel Lewis commanded the detachment, and under 
him were Colonel Allen, Majors Graves and Madison. 

The battle was fought on the 18th of January. Major Reynolds 
commanded the British and made a spirited defense, but was driven 
from all his defenpes, under a continual charge, for more than two 

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miles, with some loss. Prompt intelligence of the action was sent 
to General Winchester on the night after the battle, and on that even- 
ing he commenced his march with a reinforcement of 250 regulars 
under Colonel "Wells, leaving 300 men to guard the camp. He reached 
Frenchtown the evening of the 20th, and found Colonel Lewis still in 
possession of the towa. On the evening of the 2l8t General Win- 
chester learned that a large force was at Maiden, apparently preparing 
for a march — yet he slighted the intelligence, and on that evening 
gave permission to Colonel Wells to return to the Rapids and fixed his 
own headquarters nearly a mile from the camp, at the houise of Colo- 
nel Navarre. At daylight the next morning the camp was suddenly 
attacked by about 2,000 British and Indians in two divisions. 
The British regulars under Proctor advanced against the picketing, 
andu nder a heavy fire'of cannon and musketry. They were re- 
ceived by the Kentuokians with a torrent of fire which did vast exe- 
cution. Thirty of the British regulars fell dead within musket-shot 
of the lines, and three times that number of wounded were borne 
to the rear. The survivors retreated in great disorder. In the 
meantime the Indians and Canadians attacked Wells' regiment, 
and after a brief action this regiment gave way in confusion. Win- 
chester came up from his distant quarters in time to witness the 
flight of theregimetit, and strove to rally it within cover of the pick- 
eting occupied by the Kentuckians, but the panic was so complete 
that no order could be heard, and these unhappy men fled through 
a deep snow along the road by which they had advanced from the 
Rapids thirty-six hours before. They were pursued by four 
times their number of Indians, and an indiscriminate and almost 
total butchery ensued. Colonels Allen and Lewis exerted them- 
selves bravely to rally and re-form the fugitives, but Allen was 
killed and Lewis taken, as was also the Commander-in-chief. Many 
Kentuckians united in the effort to rally the fugitives and bring 
them within the shelter of the picketing, among whom were Wool- 
folk, Simpson and Meade, ail of whom were killed. Scarcely a man 
of the fugitives escaped death or captivity, and not a Kentuckian 
who had sallied from the picketings returned. 

While this dreadful butchery was enacted within sight and hear- 
ing of both armies, the Kentuckians, now commanded by Majors 
Madison and Graves, remained within their enclosure, and tor 
tour hours kept the enemy at bay. During this time six field 
pieces played upon them incessantly, and at length their ammuni- 
tion was reduced to a single keg of cartridges. Proctor then snm- 

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XDoned them, through General "Winchester, to surrender, offering 
honorable conditions and ample protection to the wounded. After 
considerable parley the terms were accepted, and the whole de- 
tachment became prisoners of war. The conditions were faithfully 
kept ao far as men and officers were concerned, but inhumanly 
violated with regard to the wounded. These wereJeft in Frenchtown, 
without a guard, as had been stipulated, under the care of the 
American surgeons, attended by a single British officer and a few 
interpreters. A number of drunken Indians entered the town on 
the morning after the battle, and the helpless wounded were mur- 
dered with circumstances of shocking barbarity. The wounded 
officers, Major Graves, Captains Hart and Hickman, were toma- 
hawked, and two houses, crowded with wounded officers and men, 
were set on fire, and consumed, with their helpless inmates. This, 
dreadful crime is chargeable to the gross negligence, if not willful 
connivance, of Proctor, and is an indelible stain upon the honor 
of the British arms. 

The brave and veteran Shelby had succeeded Scott as Governor 
of Kentucky, and, upon the intelligence of the dreadful disaster at 
Raisin, was authorized and requested by the Legislature of Ken- 
tucky, to take the field in person, at the head of the reinforce- 
ments which volunteered their services in profusion, to supply the 
places of their countrymen who had fallen, or been led into cap- 
tivity. Four regiments instantly tendered their services, com; 
manded by the Colonels Dudley, Boswell, Cox and Caldwell, the 
whole forming a strong brigade under General day. A portion 
of this force was pushed forward by forced marches, to reinforce 
Harrison, who was now nearly destitute of troops . (the term ot 
service having expired), and was lying at the Kapids, exposed to 
a coiip de main from the enemy, who lay within striking distance 
at Maiden, and might by a little 'activity repeat the terrible blow 
of the Raisin, upon the banks of the Maumee. The war had not 
lasted six months, there was but one regular British regiment in 
Upper Canada, and the United States had already lost the whole 
Territory of Michigan, and instead of taking the ofiensive, was 
occupying a weak, defensive position, within her own territory, the 
enemy being strongest upon the point of operation, and having 
complete command of the lake. 

During the winter Harrison employed himself in fortifying his 
position below the Rapids, which was called Camp Meigs, in honor 
of Governor Meigs, of Ohio. On the 12th of April the advanced 

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guard of the Kentucky reinforcement reucliecl Cfiuiii iLeigs, and on 
the 26th of that month the British flotilla appeared upon the lake 
at the mouth of the Maumee Eiver. A vast force of Indians, 
under the celebrated Tecumseh, attended the British army, and 
cut otf communication with the interior. On the -ith of May Gen- 
eral Clay, with the residue of the Kentucky brigade, had reached 
Fort Deiiance. General Harrison sent orders to Clay to land 800 
men vipou the northern shore, opposite the fort, to carry the I>rit- 
ish batteries there placed, to spike the cannon, destroy the car- 
riages, then regain their boats and cross over to the fort. The 
residue of the brigade was ordered to land upon the southern 
shore and fight their way through the Indians tt) the fort. 

These orders would have been easily executed, had the troops 
been well drilled, and had the object of Harrison, which was to 
silence the batteries, been distinctly understood by the officers. 
These batteries were slightly guarded, and the Indian force was on 
the opposite side of the river. Clay received the order from 
Hamilton and directed him to communicate it to Colonel Dudley, 
who was charged with the execution. Dudley does not seem to 
have thoroughly understood the object of Harrison, and he did not 
communicate to his subordinates the precise nature of his orders. 
The great mass knew nothing more than that they were to light 
an enemy on the northern shore, and were totally ignorant that 
when the cannon were spiked and the carriages destroyed their 
object was accomplished. They accordingly ruslied upon the 
batteries, and the real object of the expedition was accomplished. 
A small force of Indians and Canadians, however, showed them- 
selves upon the skirts of the wood, and opened a straggling lire, 
which was eagerly returned by the Kentackians, and the retreat- 
ing enemy was hotly followed up, in considerable disorder, for 
nearly two miles. The detachment was dispersed in small parties, 
no general command was retained over it, and no one seems to 
have understood that they were to retreat rapidly to their boats as 
soon as the cannon were spiked. The consequences were such as 
might have been predicted. Proctor came up with the British force 
and intercepted their retreat; the Indians crossed over in great 
numbers, and reinforced the retreating party, which had decoyed 
the Kentuckians into the woods, and the whole detachment, with 
the exception of about 1.50 men, was killed or taken. The prison- 
ers were taken within the walls of the old British fort below under 
a very slender guard, and while liuddled together in this place, 

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HisruRY OF KUN'recivY. 29 

the Indians aurased themselves by shooting and scalpinp; them. 
This cruel sport continued until it was interrupted by the arrival 
of Tecumseh at full gallop, who instantly, and with great indig- 
nation, put a stop to the massacre. 

On the wliole, the 5th of May was disastrous to the American 
army. The news of tlie capture ol' Fort George by General Dear- 
born, liowever, alarmed Proctor, and the little effect produced by 
Ilia fire, togetlier with the large force whicli had reinforced Harri- 
son, induced liim to abandon tlie siege and return to Maiden. 
The force under Proctor, inchiding Indians, was probably 3,200 
men; Harrison's force, including Clay's brigade, about 2,500, rank 
and lile, lit for duty. Proctor remained quiet at Maiden, organiz- 
ing an Indian force for a second invasion of Ohio. Harrison re- 
mained at Upper Sandusky, engaged in preparing for decisive 
operations in the fall. 

The Secretary had now learned tlie importance of commanding 
Lake Erie. Lieutenant Perry, of the navy, liad been detached 
from the squadron under command of Chauncey, on Lake Ontario, 
to superintend the equipment of a fleet on Lake Erie, and take 
command of it wlicn ready for service. The crisis of the cam- 
paign arrived, and on tlie 10th of September the flotilla of Lieu- 
tenant Perry engaged the British fleet under Captain Barclay, a 
British officer of great experience, who had fought under Nelson 
at Trafalgar. Tlie number of men in the respecta\'^e squadrons 
was nearly equal. The British vessels carried sixty-three guns, 
and the Americans fifty-four. The British had six vessels, and 
the Americans nine. Seven of the American vessels were mei-e 
gunboats, most of them carrying only one gun, and none of them 
more than three, while the remaining two, the Lawrence and 
Niagara, carried twenty guns each. A detachment of 150 of the 
lientucky volunteers served on board of Perry's fleet as marines, 
and iqjon this new element acquitted themselves with the greatest 

The action began between eleven and twelve o'clock, with 
scarcely a breath of air to stir the bosom of tlie lake. Perry in the 
Lawrence, accompanied by two of the small ve.ssel.s, bore down 
u])on the e'lomy, but was not closely followed by Lieutenant El- 
liott in the Niagara, and the rest of the sjnall \essels. For two 
hours Perry remained exposed to the fire of the whole Bi-itish 
fleet, by which his vessel was cut to ),)iccos, and three fourths of 
liis crciw killed and wounded. EUiotf dnring this time was never 

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within less tlian half a mile of the enemy, and the remainder of 
the fleet was not nearer than a mile and a half, save the two small 
vessels that accompanied him. By two o'clock Perry's vessel was 
totally disabled, but the rest of the fleet was but little injured. The 
lake was so smooth that the distant gun-boats, from their long 
twenty-four and thirty-two pounders, threw their shot with great 
y)recision, and had made themselves felt in the action; but Elliott's 
brig, which formed so essential a part oi the force, had as yet an- 
noyed the enemy but little, and had fouglit principally with two 
twelve-pounders, the only long guns she had. At two o'clock 
Perry left the La'WTence iinder command of her Lieutenant, and in 
an open boat rowed to tlie Niagara. Upon Perry's expressing 
dissatisfaction at the manner in which the gunboats were man- 
aged, Elliott volunteered to bring them up. He left the Niagara 
in a boat for that purpose, and passed swiftly down the line, or- 
dering them to cease flring, and by the combined use of their 
sweeps and sails, to press forward into close action. Instantly a 
new impulse was given to the whole line. 

The well-known signal for close action was now seen flying from 
the Niagara, and after a delay of fifteen minutes to enable the 
gun-boats to come up. Perry bore down upon the British line, passed 
through it, and delivered a raking fire of grape and canister, from 
both broadsides, at half pistol-shot distance. The dreadful cries 
from the Queen Charlotte and Lady Provost, which followed this 
close and murderous discharge, announced the fatal accuracy with 
which it had been delivered. The gun-boats were now within pis- 
tol-shot and a tremendous cannonade, accompanied by the shrill, 
clear notes of many bugles from the English vessels, announced 
that they expected to be boarded, and were summoning their board- 
ers to repel the anticipated assault. No boarding, however, was 
attempted. The superior weight of the American mettle was now 
telling, in close fight, when the full power of their cannonades was 
felt, and in fifteen minutes the enemy surrendered, with the excep- 
tion of two of their smallest vessels which attempted to escape. 
The attempt proved fruitless, and the whole fleet of the enemy 
became the prize of the captors. The loss on both sides, owing to 
the dreadful slaughter on board the Lawrence, was nearly equal. 
The American loss was twenty-seven killed and ninety-six wounded 
considerably more than half of which was sustained by the crew 
of the Lawrence. This victory, never surpassed in splendor, was 
decisive of the fate of the campaign. On the 5th of October, Gov- 

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ernor Shelby, with 4,000 Kentuckians, reinforced General Harrison, 
and took part in the brilliant victor}- of the river Thames, which 
closed the hostilities in the Northwest. 

The most brilliant event of tlie last war was the battle of New 
Orleans. It created a deep sensation at the time, and the vast 
political consequences which have resulted from it have engraved 
it deeply and indelibly upon the minds of the American people. 
Twenty-five hundred Kentucky militia under Major General John 
Thomas took part in this great battle. Less than one fourth of 
them were armed, as their arms werejon flat-boats that did not amve 
until after the engagement. 

After the close of the war, tlie civil history of Kentucky is 
memorable by the dreadful monetary derangement which the 
passage of the relief laws, and gave rise to the most embittered 
and violent conflict of parties which has ever occurred in Kentucky. 
In 1816 George Madison was elected Governor. He died a few 
months after his election, and Gabriel Slaughter, the Lieutenant- 
Governor, became Governor unti 1 1820. In the meantime the 
financial affairs of the civilized world were in a state of painful 
disorder. The long wars of the French revolution had banished 
gold and silver from circulation as money, and had substituted an 
inflated paper currency, by which nominal prices were immensely 
inhanced. At the return of peace, a restoration of specie payments 
and the return of Europe to industrial pursuits, caused a great fall 
in the nominal value of commodities, accompanied by bankruptcy 
upon an enormous scale. In Kentucky the violence of this crisis 
was enhanced by the charter of forty independent banks, with an 
aggregate capital of nearly $10,000,000, which were by law per- 
mitted to redeem their notes with the paper of the Bank of Ken- 
tucky, instead of specie. 

These independent banks were chartered at the session of 
1817-'18. The Bank of Kentucky had then resumed specie pay- 
ments, and was in good credit. In the summer of 1818 the 
State was flooded with the paper of these banks. The consequences 
were such as might have been anticipated. Speculation sprang 
up in all directions. Large loans were rashly made and as rashly 
expended. Most of these bubbles exploded within a year, and few 
were alive at the end of two years. 

In the meantime the pressure of debt became terrible, and the 
power to replevy judgments was extended by the Legislature from 
three to twelve months by an act passed at the session of 1819-'20. 

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/,^' HT^^Tll^'^■ "1" KKNrr<'K.''i'. 

(^iii-nit: t!i! suiiiiiior of i^-fn th'/ •'■ry t'«v fiirtlior rolieC i.i.'caiu..' 
o.xTwliolniitii:-, iiiKi va.-t iiriifirifu.'^ nf Houses wfix- pU'ilgoil 
lu^oino !iiuiiH\i!e wliicli sliMuld i-nlu'vr. tiie (iebroi- froiu tin; I'oris.e- 
qiK'iic- <)t' iii< i-;l^1uu>.ss. Tlic reign nf jioliticai .nuickcrv was in 
it;^ iri'^i'v. (TeiuTiil A'hiir iiail bi'ou oJoctoil Govtiruoi- ofKentuclsy 
ill 1S2(). nid i.eiirtily t-onoiiiTed witli t.lio [.ogislatnve in the acts 
]i;i,->rij at tlie oiisuing .-e~si.iu. Tliu groat cry oftiie ]>eo])1c was for 
numev, inul tli'/ir licaviesit CDiuplaint was debt. Tlicretbre tlie 
LogiftJaturc ni' 1-?l'()-'i'1. chartered the bank cuUed the Bank of the 
('onniu)M\vealt!i, wiiicli was relieved from all danger of su,s])ension, 
Ijy n<A being required even to redeem its notes in specie. Its paper 
was made payable and receivable in the public debts and taxes, and 
certain land? owned by the State, south of the Tennessee Eiver, 
wore jjledged for the linal redemption of itfe notes. Its business was 
to pour out jiapcr in profusion in order to make money plenty. 
The creditor was required to receive this bank paper in payment 
of debt, and it he refused to do so, the debtor was authorized 
to replevy the debt for the space of two years. But tliese were 
jiot the only acts of this mad session. They already had one bank, 
the old J3ank of Kentucky, then in good credit, its paper redeem- 
able in specie, and its stock at par or nearly so. 

By the terms of this charter the Legislature had the ])Ower of 
electing a number of directors, which gave the control of the board. 
This power was eagerly exercised during this winter. A conserv- 
ative president and board were turned out by the Legislature, and 
a president and board elected who stood pledged before their 
election to receive the paper of the Bank of the Commonwealth, 
in paj^ment of the debts due the Bank of Kentucky. This was 
intended to sustain the credit of its paper, but the effect was instantly 
to strike down the value of the stock of the Bank of Kentucky 
to one half its nominal value, and to entail upon it an eternal 
sus])ension of specie payments. The paper of the new bank sunk 
rapidly to one half its nominal value, and the creditor had his 
choice of two evils. One was to receive one half his debt in pay- 
ment of the whole, and the other was to receive nothing at all for 
two years, and at the end of that time, to do the best he could, — 
running the risk of new delays, and of the bankruptcy of his secur- 

Great was the indignation of the creditor at this wholesale con- 
fiscation of liis property, and society rapidly arranged itself into 
two parties, called Relief and Anti-Eelief With the first party wei-e 

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the great mass of debtors and some brilliant members of the bar, 
sncli as .Tohi) Rowan, William T. Barry and Solomon P. Sharp. 
With the Anti-Relief party were, ranged nearly all the mercantile 
claos, a vast majority of the better class of farmers. An angry 
conflict sprang up in the newspapers, upon the stump, in the 
taveru? and highways, which gradually invaded the most private 
and domestic circles. 

The question of the power of the Legislature to pass the act was 
raised at an early day and was quickly brought before the Circuit 
Courts. Judge Clark, of Clark County, boldly decided the act un- 
constitutional, in the first case which came before him, and the act 
was carried to the Supreme Court. That high tribunal was then 
occupied by John Boyle, Chief Justice, and William Owsley and 
Benjamin Mills, Associate Judges. Tiie question came directly 
before them in case of Lapsley vs. Brashear, at the fall term 182S, 
and they decided that the act of the Legislature was in violation of 
the Constitution of the United States, and totally void. The clause 
in the Constitution with which the act conflicted was that which 
prohibited the States from passing any law impairing the obliga- 
tion of contracts. The opinion created an immense sensation in 
the State, and the conflict of parties was renewed with redoubled 

The judiciary, by the Constitution, held their offices during good 
behavior. Nothing less than two thirds of both Houses could 
remove them. The canvass of 1824 was conducted with the hope 
of obtaining this result. General Joseph Desha was the candidate of 
the Relief party for theofficeof Governor, and was elected by an 
overwhelming majority. A vast majority of both Houses were ot 
the Relief party. The three judges were summoned before the 
Legislative bar, and calmly assigned reasons at length, for their 
decision, which were replied to by Rowan, Bibb and Barry. A 
vote was at length taken and the constitutional majority of two 
thirds could not be obtained. The Relief party then renewed the 
assault in a formidable direction which had not been foreseen. The 
majority could not remove the judges by impeachment, because 
their majority was not two thirds of each House. But they could 
repeal the act by which the Court of Appeals had been organized, 
and could pass an act organizing the court anew. A bill to this 
effect was drawn up, and after an excited and protracted debate, 
was passed by a large majority in both Houses. 

The new court was organized at once, which consisted of four 

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judges. William T. Barry was Chief Justice, and John Trimble, 
James Haggin and R. II. Davidgo were Associate Justices. Francis 
P. Blair was appointed Clerk, and took forcible possession of the 

The old court, in the meantime, denied the constitutionality of 
the act, and still continued to sit as a Court of Appeals anddecid'^ 
such cases as catne before them. A great majority' of the bar of 
Kentucky reorganized them as the true court, and brought their 
causes by appeal before their tribunal. A certain proportion of 
cases were taken to the new court, and some of the circuit judges 
obe^'cd their mandates exclusivel}', refusing to recognize the old 
court. This judicial anarchy could not possibly endure. The 
people were again appealed to by both parties, and the names of 
Relief and Anti-Relief became merged in the title of New Court and 
Old Court. The result was the triumph of the Old Court party bya 
large majority in the popular branch of the Legislature, while the 
Senate still remained attached to the New Court. In consequence 
of this difference between the two Houses, the reorganizing act still 
remained- unrepealed, and the canvass of 1826 saw both parties 
again arrayed in a final struggle for the command of the Senate. 
The old court party again triumphed, and at the ensuing election 
the obnoxious act was repealed and the three old judges re-estab- 
lished. All the acts ' *' the New Court wore treated as a nullity. 
This is one of the mob. signal triumphs of law and order over the 
fleeting passions which is recorded in the annals of a free people. 

The fate of the Bank of the Commonwealth, and the replevin 
laws connected with it, was sealed with the triumph of the Old 
Court party. The latter were repealed, and the former was grad- 
ually extinguished by successive acts of the Legislature, which 
directed that its psper should be gradually burned instead of beinsr 
re-issned. In a few years its paper disappeared from circulation, 
and was replaced by the paper of the United States Bank, of which 
two branches had been establislied in Kentucky, one at Louisville 
and the other at Le.>cington. It was the policy of the great Jackson 
party of the United States to destroy this institution entirely, and 
the re-election of Jackson in 1832 sealed its doom. It became 
obvious to all that its charter would not be renewed, and the favor- 
ite policy of that party was to establish State banks throughout the 
Union tosui^py its place. 

As soon as it became obvious that the charter of the Bank of the 
Hiii'-ed States would not be renewed, the Legislature of Kentucky 

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at its sessions of 1833-'34:, established the Bank of Kentnclcj, titfi 
Northern Bank of Kentucky, and the Bank of Lonisville, the flrat 
with a capital of $5,000,000, the second with a capital of $3,000,- 
000, the third with a capital of $2,000,000. 

The result of this enormus multiplication of State banks 
throughout the United States, consequent upon the fall of the Na- 
tional Bank, was vastly to increase the quantity of paper money 
afloat, and to stimulate the wildest spirit of speculation. Daring 
the years of 1835-36 the history of one State is the history of all. 
All rushed into the market to borrow money, and eagerly projected 
plans of railroads, canals, stock-water, navigation and turupike- 
roads, far beyond the demand of commerce, and in general with- 
out making any solid provision for the payment of the accruing 
interest, or reimbursement of the principal. 

This fabric was too baseless to endure. In the spring of 1837, 
all the banks of the Union suspended specie payments. Kentucky 
was then in the midst of a scheme of internal improvement, upon 
which she was spending about $1,000,000 annually, embracing the 
construction of turnpike-roads and the improvement of her rivers, 
and she was eagerly discussing raih'oad projects on a princely 
scale. In this state of things the Legislature of 1837 met, and 
legalized the suspension of the banks, refusing to compel them to 
resume specie payments, and refusing to exact the forfeiture of 
the charters. Specie disappeared from circulation entirely, and 
the smaller coin was replaced by paper tickets, issued by cities, 
towns and individuals, having a local currency, but worthless be- 
yond the range of their immediate neighborhood. The banks in 
the meantime were conducted with prudence and ability. They 
forebore to press their debtors severely, but cautiously and grad- 
ually lessened their circulation and increased their specie, until, 
after a suspension of a little more than onej'ear, they ventured to 
resume specie payment. 

This resumption was general throughout the United States, 
and business and speculation again became buoyant. The latter 
part of 1838 and nearly the whole of 1839 witnessed an activity in 
business and a fleeting prosperity which somewhat resembled the 
feverish order of 1835 and 1836. 

But this seeming prosperity was only transitory. In the 
autumn of 1839 there was a second general suspension of specie 
payment, with the exception of a few Eastern banks. It became 
obvious that the mass of debt could not much longer be staved off. 

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Bank receipts multiplied in every direction. All public improve- 
ments were suspended, and Kentucky was compelled to add fifty 
percent to her direct tax or forfeit her integrity. In the latter part 
of 1841 and in the year 1842, the tempest, so long suspended, burst 
in full force over Kentucky. The dockets of her courts groaned 
under the enormous load of law-suits, and the most frightful sacri- 
fices of prosperity were incurred by forced sales "under execution. 
The revival of the ancient Relief party again assumed a formidable 
appearance in the elections of 1842, but was encountered in the 
Legislature with equal skill and firmness. The specie measures 
of the Relief party were rejected, but liberal concessions were made 
to them in other forms, which proved satisfactory to the more ra- 
tional members, and warded off the fury of the tempest which at 
first threatened the most mischievous results. The middle term 
of the Circuit Courts was abolished; the magistrates were com- 
pelled to hold four terms annually, and forbidden to give judg- 
ment, save at their regular terms. The existing banks were re- 
quired to issue more paper, and give certain accommodations for a 
longer time and a regular apportionment. During the years 1843 
and 1844 society gradually assumed a more settled and pros])erous 
state. In 1836 Judge Clark was elected Governor; Robert P. 
Letche in 1840, and Judge William Owsley in 1844. General Har- 
rison was before the people as a Presidential candidate during the 
years 1836 and 1840, and was warmly supported by the party in 
Kentucky wliicli successively bore the name of "Anti-Relief" "Old 
Court," "National Republican" and "Whig." 

In 1844 Clay was a second time before the people as a candi- 
date for the Presidency, and was opposed by James K. Polk of 
Tennessee, a member of the old Jackson party. Clay was sup- 
ported as usual in Kentucky, with intense and engrossing ardor, 
and obtained its electoral vote by a majority exceeding 9,000. He 
was supported by the Whig party of the Union with a warmth of 
personal devotion which has seldom been witnessed, and was never 
surpassed in the annals of popular government. The great national 
issue involved in this election was the annexation of Texas to 
the United States. Polk was the champion of the party in favor 
of annexation, and Clay opposed it as tending to involve the coun- 
try in foreign war and internal discord. The annexation was ac- 
complished, but tiie war followed in its train. 

In May, 1846, began the war with Mexico, which, however, 
parties in Kentucky differed as to its policy or its justice, so struck 

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the popular chord as to eu\ist 1.3,700 volunteers, wliich the Gov- 
ernor had called for and conld accept less than 5,000 men. The 
war closed trhunphantl)- for the United States in 18i8, by the an- 
nihilation of the Mexican anriies and the capture of the Mexican 

In IS-ts, upon the might)- wave of exultation. General Zach- 
ary Taylor was home into the presidency. The life-Iongclaims 
of Kentucky's greatest sons were sot aside and the excited 
nation placed the victorious soldier at tlie helm of tlie state. 
With the inauguration of Taylor came the demand of California 
for admission as a State, and tlie necessity of providing territorial 
(-rovernments for the other acquisitions which the United States 
had Jiniade. AVith tliese demands came the exciting question 
whether the States to be cars^ed out of the new domain should be free 
or slave States. The advocates of the Wilmot proviso on the one 
hand, and the advocates of the obliteration of any geographical line 
restricting- the extension of slavery on the other, waged loud and 
clamorous wrangle in every hamlet of the Union, and fiercest of all 
in the council halls of the nation. 

The election of General Taylor to the Presidency had forever 
blighted what was supposed, by both friends and opponents, to be the 
cherished ambition of Kentucky's peerless son, Henry Claj' — his 
election to the Presidency. Stricken in years, and with waning 
physical strength, a purer and loftier ambition for a time aroused 
all the energies of his gallant soul. Resuming his seat in the Sen- 
ate of the United States, the grandest period of his life was its 
close. Cass, Douglas, "Webster, Foote — men who had shivered 
many a lance upon his buckler — recognized the imperial grandeur 
of his efforts, and generously hailed him chief among the giants. 
Under his leadership the compromise measures of 1850 were adopted, 
resulting in the admission of California, without restriction of 
slavery (although her State Constitution had forbidden it), and in 
the extension of the Missouri Compromise line of 36° 30' through 
the new Territories, north of which slavery was interdicted, and 
south of which the people were permitted, in organizing their State 
Governments, to decide the question for themselves. And then 
Henry Clay sank to his last, long sleep, beneath the monument 
erected to the memory of his services, his genius and his fame. 

But with his death dropped, never to wave again in successful 
conflict in Kentucky, the Whig banner, which so proudly floated 
at the head of tlie hosts of his admiring followers. 

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'the question of calling a convention to revise and amend the 
Constitution of Kentucky, which was adopted in 1799, was twice 
approved by the people with remarkable unanimity. One hundred 
members were accordingly chosen, and May 7, 1850, the new Con- 
Btitntion was adopted by a popular majority of 61,361. June 3 the 
convention again assembled, adopted several amendments, and 
June 11 adjout-ned, after proclaiming the third, or present, Consti- 

In 1851 the Democratic party succeeded in electing their candidate, 
Lazarus W. Powell. The two Houses of the General Assembly, 
however, were Whig. The tide ebbed in 1855, and by a com- 
bination between the Whig and Native American parties, Charles 
S. Morehead was elected Governor. In 1-856, under the impetus 
given by the position of John C. Breckenridge on the Democr^io 
ticket as candidate for the "Vice-Presidency, the State was, carried 
by the Democrats by ^n overwhelming majority; and in 1859 that 
organization elected its candidate for Governor, Beriah Magoffin, 
and succeeded in obtaining a decided majority in both Houses of 
the Legislature. 

In the meantime grave events had been occurring in Congress, 
and tihreatening and porteutious prominence was again nianifestiug 
itself in the question of slavery. The citizens of the slave-holding 
States heard with ill-repressed indignation the stigma cast upon 
the institution, and viewed with restless jealousy the attempt made 
by the Abolitionists to destroy it. The slave-holder believed the 
institution to be not only best for the social and agricultural de- 
velopment of the country, but a blessing to the slave, right in prin- 
ciple, correct in morals, and sanctioned by Divine command. 
The Abolitionist^, on the contrary, believed slavery an unmitigated 
curse to the slave, a dishonor to a free people, and blighting in its 
effects upon the dominant race: Many believed the institution ad- 
vantageous and desirable in certain localities, and were content to 
restrain it only by parallels of latitude. Many sought to evade 
decisive positions by taking refuge in the delusive sophistry of 
popular sovereignty, as exercised by Territorial Legislation. All 
shades of opinion not absolutely favorable to slavery, gradually 
molded themselves into a decisive opposition to the institution. 

In 1860 the encroaching party had assumed gigantic and formid- 
able dimensions, while the South stood desperately and determin- 
edly at bay; and, when Territorial Governments were about to be 
formed for Kansas and Nebraska, demanded that the Territorial 

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restrictions by legislative enactment should be repealed, and that 
slavery should be allowed to go when climate, soil, and the wishes 
of the people, or the interests of the immigrants, should carry it. 
Yiolence, bloodshed, and rapine marked the contest on the soil of 
the new Territories; excitement, »nger and bitter recriminations, 
the discussions in Congress. The conservative men of the North 
finally yielding to the demands of the South, united with her rep- 
resentatives, and repealed the obnoxious restrictions. The repeal 
was the signal for an outbreak of popular excitement and denunci- 
ation in the North, such as her statesman had never previously 

In the conventions of 1860 the Democracy divided, one portion 
nominating Mr. Douglas as their candidate for the Presidency, the 
other nominating John C. Breckenridge, of Kentucky. jThe Whigs 
nominated John Bell, of Tennessee, and the Republicans, or de- 
clared enemies of the institution of slavery, nominated Abraliam 
Lincoln, of Illinois, but a native of Kentucky. The schism of the 
Democratic party and the' refusal of the Whigs to cooperate with 
either portion of it resulted in the election of Mr. Lincoln to the 
Presidency, by a plurality vote. Immediately, South Carolina se- 
ceded from the Union, followed by Georgia and all the Gulf States; 
ultimately by Tennessee, North Carolina, Virginia and Missouri. 
Then Kentucky found herself face to face with the mighty question, 
which had been so long threateningly evolving itself, and now in- 
exorably pressed for a solution. 

Kentucky had, more extensively than any of the older States, 
contributed to the population of the newer and younger States. 
The tastes of her people and their descendants were eminently and 
almost exclusively agricultural. In the gratification of these tastes^ 
and in the prosecution of pursuits kindred to such tastes, for nearly 
a third of a century, her youug and enterprising men had been 
accustomed to seek for themselves homes located in Ohio, Indiana, 
Illinois, Missouri, Mississippi, Arkansas and Louisiana. The 
ramifications of family ties were so extensive that State lines were 
practically ignored. Thousands of people found in Ohio and In- 
diana those occupations which provided daily sustenance, but re- 
turned at nightfall to sleep in Kentucky. These facts and their 
surroundings ought all to be carefully considered before admitting 
the justice of the denunciations of the North, so frequently pro- 
nounced against Kentucky as traitorous, or the taunts of th^ fiery 
South, that she was cowardly, avaricious, and more prone ta'pro^ 

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tect her wealth than to defend her honor. The time came when, 
upon many a stricken field, in many a desperate and headlong 
charge, in full many a heady fight, the imputation of cowardice 
was answered — as it has not often been answered. 

It is not possible in this brief outline of the history of Kentucky 
to give a detailed account of the civil war. Kentucky remained 
neutral for one year, and then pledged herself to thg, cause of the 
Union. The war ceased in April, 1865, with the entire subjuga- 
tion of the South. All that the States-Kights men had prophesied 
would be accomplished if unresisted — all that the Union men had 
denied to be the object of the war — was accomplished; the South 
was conquered, the slaves were freed, and negro political equality 
recognized throughout the nation. JSTeighborhood strifes and an- 
imosities had been engendered in everj' village and hamlet. Men 
who had been playmates in boyhood, who under ordinary circum- 
stances would have gone through life leading for kindly support 
on each other, had found social ties disrupted, and persecuted each 
other with vindictive hate. Mothers wept in every household for 
the lost darlings who were sleeping the sleep of the brave, in both 
Federal and Confederate uniforms? But the terms of peace had 
hardly been signed when the great popular heart of the State 
swelled with magnanimous and generous rivalry in the efibrt to 
repair the past. The people of the whole State seemed to remem- 
ber with sorrowful pride the noble men who had died gallantly in 
the ranks of either army. Over their faults was thrown the man- 
tle of the sweet and soothing charities of the soldier's grave; while 
for their services was manifested and displayed unstinted admira- 
tion for the valor with which they had borne the dangers and pri- 
vations of war. 

The next Legislature wiped from the statute book every vindic- 
tive or discriminating law, and the Executive of the State, Gov- 
ernor Thomas E. Braralette, himself a soldier who had served 
with distinguished ability in the Federal army, led public sentiment 
in the effort to grant practical amnesty for the past. And now the 
children of Kentucky, once more united, chastened by the sorrows 
of the past, dropping tears of reverential respect for those that have 
fallen, turn hopefully to the duty of providing best for the living, 
with a firm faith in the ultimate triumph of free institutions and 
the cause of constitutional liberty. 

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1792.— Isaac Shelby, the first Governor, took the oath of office 
June 4, under the first Constitution; James Brown, Secretary of 

1796. — James Garrard took the oath of office June 1; Hairy 
Toulmin, Secretary. The present Constitutioii was formed 1799. 

1800. — James Garrard, being eligible, was aga^ elected Gov- 
ernor; Alexander S. Bullitt, Lieutenant-Go vernot;- Harry Toul- 
min, Secretary. 

1804. — Christopher Greenup, Governor; John Caldwell, Lieu- 
tenant-Governor; John Kowan, Secretary. 

1808. — Charles Scott, Governor; Gabriel Slaughter, Lieutea- 
ant-Governor; Jesse Bledsoe, Secretary. 

1812. — Isaa,c Shelby, Governor; Richard Hickman, Lieutenant- 
Governor; Martin D. Hardin, Secretary. 

1816. — George Madison, Governor; Gabriel Slaughter, Lieuten- 
ant Governor; Charles S. Todd, Secretary. Governor Madison 
died at Paris, Ky., October 14, and on the 2l8t of the same month, 
Gabriel Slaughter, Lieutenant-Governor, assumed the duties of 
Executive; John Pope, and after him, Oliver G. Waggoner, Sec- 

1820. — John Adair, Governor; William T. Barry, Lieutenant- 
Governor; Joseph C. Breckridge, and after him, Thomas B. Mon- 
roe, Secretary. 

1824. — Joseph Desha, Governor ; Robert B. McAfee, Lieuten- 
ant Governor; William T. Barry, succeeded by James C. Pickett, 

1828. — Thomas Metcalfe, Governor; John Breathitt, Lieutenant- 
Governor; George Robertson, succeeded by Thomas T. Critten- 
den, Secretary. 

1832. — John Breathitt, Governor; J. T. Morehead, Lieutenant- 
Governor; Lewis Saunders, Secretary. Governor Breathitt died 
Feb. 21, 1834, and on the 22d of the same month, James T. 
Morehead, Lieutenant-Governor, took the oath of office as Gov- 
ernor of the State; John J. Crittenden, William Owsley, end Aus- 
tin P. Cox were successively Secretary. 

1836. — James Clark, Governor; CharlesA.Wickliffe, Lieutenant- 
Governor; James M. Bullitt, Secretary. Governor Clark died 
Sept. 27, 1839, and on the 5th of October Charles A. Wickliffe, 
Lieutenant-Governor, assumed the duties of Governor. 

1840.— Robert P. Letcher, Governor; Manlius V. Thomson, 
Lieutenant-Governor; James Harlan, Secretary. 

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1844.— William Uwsloy, Governor; Arcliibakl Dixo!i, Lientea- 
ant-Governor; Benjamin Hardin, George B. Kinkead and William 
D. Reed, successively, Secretary. 

1848- '.51.— John J. Crittenden, Governor; John L. Helm, Lieu- 
tenant-Governor; John W. Finncll, Secretary. Governor Critten- 
den resigned July 21, 1850, and John L. Helm became Governor 
until the iirst Tuesday in September, 1851. 

1851-'55.— Lazarus W. Powell, Governor; John B. Thompson, 
Lieutenant-Governor; James P. AFetcalfe, Secretary. 

1855-'59.— Charles S. Morehead, Governor; James G. Hardy, 
Lieutenant-Governor; Mason Brown, Secretary. 

1859-'63.— Beriah Magoffin, Governor; Linn Boyd, Lieutenant- 
Governor (died Dec. 17, 1859); Thomas B. Monroe, Jr., Secretary. 
Governor Magoffin resigned Aug. 18, 1862, and James F. Robin- 
son, Speaker of the Senate, became Governor. 

1863-'67.— Thomas E. Bramlettc, Governor; Richard T. Jacob, 
Lieutenant-Governor; B. L. Van Winkle (died May 23, 1864), suc- 
ceeded by John S. Van Winkle, Secretary. 

1867-71.--John L. Helm, Governor; John W. Stevenson, Lieu- 
tenant-Governor; Samuel B. Churchill, Secretary. Governor Helm 
died Sept. 8, 1867, and John W. Stevenson took the oath as Gov- 
ernor. In August, 1868, he was elected Governor, serving until 
Feb. 11, 1871, when he resigned to take his seat in the United 
States Senate; the Speaker of tlie Senate, Preston II. Leslie, became 

1871 -'75. — Preston II. Leslie, Governor; John G. Carlisle, Lieu" 
tenant-Governor; Andrew J. James, succeeded by George W. Crad- 
deck, Secretary. 

187."i-'70. — James B. McCreary, Governor; John C. Underwood, 

1879-'83. — Luke P. Blackburn, Governor; James E. Cantrill- 
Lieutenant-Governor; James Blackburn, Secretary. 


Adiiir, .Joliu IsOo-rCi j I 1806-07 

B:ury, Willlum T 1814-16 ,-„ ,, ', 18U'J-11 

Bibb Gcoi-eM (1811-14 1 ^'^V, Hen,^ ^^.^^_^,^ 

Bk'dsoe, Jesse 1813-13 i fl81T-10 

BrecUeiraluc, Jolni ISUI-U.5 ',,.,, , , ,, „ , 18*5-41 

Brecken,i,iI;P, .John C |sr,l* ' ^ ""cndcM), .JoLn ,] ^ ,y^.j_^g 

Brown, Joliu 17lii-l>!i'n 1, 18">5 61 

*Re-fl( cii ij 

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Davis, Garret. ..'. 1861-73 

Dixon, Archibald 1852-55 

Edwards, John 1833-25 

Quihrie, James 1865-68 

Hardin, Martin D 1816-17 

Johnson, Richard M 1819-29 

Logan, William 1819-20 

Machen, Willis B 1873-75 

Marshall Humphrey 1795-1801 

McCreery, Thorn as C |l873-79 

Merriwether, David 1852-53 

Metcalfe, Thomas 1848-49 

Morehead, James T 1841-47 

Pope, John 1807-13 

Powell, Lazarus W 1859-65 

Rowan, John 1825-31 

Stevenson, John W 1871-77 

™^°t' i«i^»- jilK 

Thompson, John B 1853-59 

Thruston, John Buckner 1805-09 

Underwood, Josepli R 1847-53 

Walker, George 1814-15 


Adair, John 1831-33 

Adams, George M 1867-75 

^'^'^-«' »'««" ilssgl? 

Allan, Chilton 1831-37 

Anderson, Lucien 1863-65 

Anderson, Richard C, Jr 1817-21 

Anderson, Simeon H 1889-40 

Anderson, William C 1859-61 

Andrews, Landaff Watson 1839-43 

Arthur, William E 1871-75 

Barry, William T 1810-11 

Beatty, Martin 1833-35 

Beck, James B , 1867-75 

Bedinger, George M 1803-07 

Bell, Joshua F 1845-47 

B^yd.Wnn \^^^^-f^ 

Boyle, John 1803-09 

Brack, Daniel 1849-51 

Breckenridge, James D 1821-23 

Breckenridge, John C 1851-55 

Brlstow, Francis M 1 859-61 

( 1859-61 
Brown, John Young \ 1867-69 

/ 1873-75 

Brown, William 18' 9-23 

Buckner, Aylett 1847-49 

Buckner, Richard A 1823-29 

Bullock, Wingfield 1820-21 

Barnett, Henry C 1855-01 

Butler, William O 1839-43 

Caldwell , George Alfred ... | Jg^glg i 

Calhoon, John 1835-39 

Campbell, John 18;i7-4:i 

CampbHI, John P 18.">5-.")7 

Casey, Samuel L 1862-03 

Chambers, John -j j^^lsg 

Chilton, Thomas. . , \ \f{!r'il 

( 1 o-io—o*} 

Chrisman, .James S 1853-55 

Christie, Henry 1809-11 

Clark, Beverly L 1847-40 

^^^^^^^--^-^ jK? 

Clay, Brutus J , 1863-65 

( 1811-14 
Clay, Henry \ 1815-31 

( 1823-25 

Clay, James B 1857-59 

Coleman, Nicholas D 1829-31 

Cox, Leander M 1853-57 

Crittenden, John J 1861-63 

Crossland, Edward 1871-75 

Daniel, Henry 1827-33 

Davis, Amos 1833-35 

Davis, Garrett 1839-47 

Davis, Thomas T 1797-1803 

Desha, Joseph 1816-19 

Duncan, Garnett 1847-49 

Dunlap, George W 1861-63 

Duval, William P 1813-15 

Elliott, John M 1853-59 

Ewing, Presley 1853-54 

Fletcher, Thomas 1816-17 

Fowler, John 1797-1807 

( 1835-37 
French, Richard \ 1843-45 

/ 1847-49 

Gaines, John P 1847-49 

Gaither, Nathan 1829-33 

GoUaday, Jacob S 1867-69 

Graves, William J 1835-41 

Green, Willis 1839-45 

Greenup, Christopher 1792-97 

Grey, Benjamin Edwards 1851-55 

«"''«• H«-y Hsetle 

Grover, Asa P 1867-69 

( 1815-17 

Hardin, Benjamin \ 1819-23 

( 1833-37 

Harding, Aaron 1861-67 

Harlan, James 1835-39 

Hawes, Albert G 1831-37 

Hawes, Richard 1837-41 

Hawkins Joseph W 1814-15 

Henry, Robert P 1833-26 

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Henry, John F 1826-27 

Hill, Clement S 1853-55 

Hise, Elijah 18(iG-67 

Hopkins, Samuel 1813-15 

Howard, Benjamin 1807-10 

Jackson, James S lWOl-63 

Jewett, Joshua H 1855-59 

Johnson, Francis 1821-37 

Johnson, James 1835-26 

Johnson, James L 1849-51 

Johnson, John T 1831-25 

Johnson, Richard M - 1000737 

Jones, Thomas L 1867-71 

Kincaid 1839-33 

Knott, J. Proctor 1867-71 

Lecomple, Joseph 1835-33 

Letcher, Robert P 1833-33 

Lewis, Joseph H 1810-73 

Love, James 1833-35 

Lyon, Chitienden 1 827-35 

Lyon, Mattlie w 1803-11 

Mal!ory, Robert 1859-65 

Marshall, Alexander K 1855-57 

nT u 11 tr , ( 1849-53 

Marshall, Humphrey -j ,„-, -g 

Marshall, Thomas A 1831-35 

Marshall, Thomas F 1843-4) 

Martin, John P 1845-47 

Mason, John C j jg^^Ig^ 

May, William L 1835-39 

McDowell, Joseph H 1843 47 

McHatton, Robert 1836-29 

McHenry, John H 1843-47 

McHenry, Henry D 1871-73 

McKee, Samuel 1809-17 

McKee, Samuel 1865-69 

McLean, Alney -j Jy{^Io'| 

McLean, Finis Ewing .1849-51 

Menefee, Richard M 1837-3!) 

Menzies, John W 180 1-65 

Melcalf, Thomas 1819-28 

Montgomery, Thomas - is'i'i'o'' 

Moore, Laban T 1859-61 

Moore, Ttiomas P \ Iq^H- 

Moorehead, Charles S I>i47-51 

Murray, John L ]8;!-<-39 

Ormsby, Slephen 1811-17 

Orr, Alexander D 1793-97 

wsley, Bryan Y i M 1 -13 

Peyton, Samuel O J is-ItIo' 

Pope, John lS:17-43 

Durham, ^Alilton J 1S73-75 

Millikcn, Charles W Is7:!-r5 

Pope, Patrick H 1833-35 

Preston, William 1853-57 

Quarles, Tiinstall 1817-20 

Randall, William H 1863-67 

Read, William B 1871-75 

Rice, John M 1869-73 

Ritter, Burwell C 1865-67 

Robertson, George 1817-21 

Rowan, John 1807-09 

Roussoau, Lovell H 1865-07 

Ramsey, Edward 1837-39 

S.uidlord, Thomas 1808-07 

Shanklin,, George S 1865-67 

Sharp, Solomon P 1813-17 

Simms, William B 1859-61 

Smith, Green Clay 1863-66 

Sraiih, John Speed 1831-33 

Southgate, William W 1837-39 

Speed, Thomas 1817-19 

Srigtr, James C 1841-43 

Stanton, Richard H 1849-55 

Stevenson, John W 1857-61 

Q, T w ( 1843-45 

Slone, James W j las-ino 

Sweenev, William N 18(i9-'71 

Swope, Samuel F 1855-57 

Tal bott, Albert Q 1855-61 

Taul, Micah 1815-17 

Thomasson, William P 1843-47 

Thompson, John B | {g^^Igj 

Thompson, Philip .18^-25 

Tibbatts, W 1843-47 

Thompkius, Christopher 1831-35 

Trimble, David 1817-27 

Triml)le, Lawrence S 1865-71 

Triplctt, Philip 1839-41 

Trumbi, Andrew 1845-47 

Underwood, Joseph R 1835-43, Warner L 1855-59 

Wa Iswordi, William Ilrnry. . .1861-65 

Walker, David 1817-30 

Walion, Matthew lf-;03-07 

Ward, A. llariy 1866-67 

Ward, Wilham T 1851-58 

Wlule, Addison 1851-53 

White, 1) ivid 1S33-35 

While, John 1835-45 

Wickliii;', Charles A ■* iS'M'o 

I 1861-63 

Williams, Sherrod 1835-41 

Winchi-ster, Boyd 1869-73 

Woodson. Samuel 11 1830-28 

Yancy. Joel 1837-31 

V.'anian, (ie(n-;.'e II 1863-65, Bryan K 18-15-47 

V'.iin-/, Wdliani F 1835-27 

S'-,nditor.i, Dr. Elislia D t87;i-75 

V'ung, -Jolm !) 1873-75 

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Pres'i'lents. — Abraham Lincoln, Zachary Taylor and Jefferson 

V!ce-Pn!iidents. — David 11. Atchison, Jesse D. Bright, John C. 
Breckenridge and Richard M. Johnson. 

Oovernors. — Lilbnrn W. Boggs, IlHnois; John Boyle (declined), 
Illinois Territory; Benj. Gratz Brown. Missouri; Wm. 0. Butler- 
(declined), Nebraska Territory; Richard K. Call, Florida; Thomas 
Carlin, Illinois; John Chambers, Iowa Terntory; Wm. Clarke, 
Missonri Territory; Thomas Corwin, Ohio; Robert Crittenden, 
Arkansas; Henry Dodge, Wisconsin; Daniel Dunklin, Missouri; 
Wm.P. Duvall, Florida Territory ; Ninian Edwards, Illinois; John 
Floyd, Virginia; John P. Gaines, Oregon; Willis A. Gorman, 
Minnesota Territory ; Benjamin Howard, Indianaj Territory and 
Missouri Territory; Claiborne F. Jackson, Missouri; John McLean 
Illinois; Stevens T. Mason, Jr., Michigan; David JMeri wether, 
New Mexico Territory ; John M. Palmer, Illinois; John Pope, Ar- 
kansas Territory; James Brown Ray, Indiana; Wm. A. Richardson 
Nebraska Territory; Green Clay Smith, Montana Territory; James 
Whitcomb, Indiana; Joseph M. White, Florida Territory; Robert 
C. Wickliffe, Louisiana; Richard Yates, Illinois. 

Lieutenant- Governors. — James Birney, Michigan; Ratliffe Boon, 
Indiana; Jesse D. Bright, Indiana; James Brown, Louisiana; Wm. 
L. D. Ewing, Illinois; Hubbard, Illinois; Step, Indiana; C. W. Bird, 
Sec. Northwest Territory; Jacob O. Phister, Sec. lowaTerritory. 

Ambassadoj's, JPoreign Ministers, etc. — Richard C. Anderson, Jr., 
Colombia and Congress of Panama; William T. Barry, Spain; John 
C. Breckenridge, Spain; James Brown, France; Allen A. Burtop, 
Colombia; Anthony Butler, Russia; Beverly L. Clarke, Guatemala 
and Honduras; CassiusM. Clay, Russia; Green Clay, Italy; Henry 
Clay, Ghent; James B. Clay, Portugal; Thomas H. Clay, Nicaragua 
and Honduras; L. H. Clayton, Honduras; Thomas Corwin, Mexico; 
Ninian Edwards (declined), Mexico; Joseph Eve, Texas; Peter 
W. Grayson, Texas to United States; A. Mars Hancock, Malaysia 
Edward A. Hannegan, Russia; J. O. Harrison, Spain; Charles J. 
Helm, Havana; Elijah Hise, Guatemala; Robert P. Letcher, Mexico; 
Robert B. M''"fee, New Granada; Alex. K. McClung, Bolivia; 
A. Dudley M , Austria, Hungary, and Switzerland; Humphrey 
Marshal], Central America, China; Thomas P. Moore, Colombia; 
Thomas H. Nelson, Chili and Mexico; James C. Pickett, Colombia 

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and Bolivia; John T. Pickett, Yera Crnz; Win. Preston, Spain; 
George H. Proffit, Brazil; George Robertson (declined), Colombia 
and Peru; John Rowan, Jr., Two Sic; Richard H. Rousseau, 
Honduras; Geo. N. Sanders, Liverpool; James Semple, ]S'"ew 
Granada; James Shannon, Mexico and Central America; Charles 
S. Todd, Russia; Robert B. J. Troynian, Yera Cruz; Edward A. 
Turpin, Yenezuela; Robert AVickliffe, Jr., Sardinia; E. Ramsey- 
Wing, Ecuador; Robert Woolley, Madagascar; GeD. H. Teaman, 

Officers United States Oovernment. — Henry Clay, Sacretary of 
State; George M. Bibb, Sscretary of Treasury; Thomas Corwin, 
Secretary of Treasury; James Guthrie, Secretary of Treasury; Isaac 
Shelby (declined), Secretary of War; Jefferson Davis, Secretary of 
War; Josejih Holt, Secretary of War; Wm. T. Barry, Postmaster- 
General; Montgomery Blair, Postmaster-Goneral; Orville H- 
Browning, Secretary of Interior; Amos Kendall, Postmaster- 
General; John McLean, Postmaster-General; Charles A.Wicldiffe, 
Postmaster-General ; Wtn. J. Brown, Assistant Postmaster-General; 
Robert Johnson, Assistant Postmaster-General; John Breckenridge, 
John J. Crittenden, Felix Grundy, James Speed, Henry Stanberg 
and Geo. M.Bibb, Attorneys-General; Benj.H. Bristow, Solicitor- 
General; Thomas II. Blake, John McLean, John Whitcorab, Com- 
missioners General Land-Office; Murray McConnell, Fifth Auditor 
United States Treasury; John C. Breckenridge, Secretary of War, 
Confederate States. 

United States Judges and other High Courts. — Lorin Andrews, 
Sandwich Islands'; Robert B. Warden, Charles W. Bird, Ohio; 
John Bojde, Robert Trimble, Ohio; JohnCati'on; Tennessee; John 
Cobnrn (declined), Michigan Territory; Thomas T. Davis, Indiana; 
Joseph E. Davis, E. Turner, Mississippi; Henry Humphreys, Texas; 
Josiah S. Johnson, Louisiana; B. Johnson, Thomas J. Lacy, 
Arkansas; John McLean, United States Judge; John McKinley, 
SanuielF. Miller, United States Judges; Benj. B. Meeker, Minnesota 
Territory; Nathaniel Po]ie, John M. Robinson, Anthony Thornton, 
Illinois; John C. Richardson, Missouri; John B.Thornton, District 
of Columbia; Thomas Todd, United States Judge; Wm. T. Trimble, 
Oregon; Fielding L. Turner, Louisiana; Samuel R. Overton, Florida; 
Wm, Henry Wadsworth, John Rowan, Mexico. 

Presiding Officers of Congress. — D.ivid B. Atchison, Senate; 
Linn B lyd, House Representatives; John C. Breckenridge, Jesse 
D. Bright, John Brown, Richard M, Johnson, John Pope, Sen;ite; 

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Henrj Clay, John White, House of Eepresentatives; Thomas 
Douofhertj, James C. Allen, Clerk House Eepresentatives. 

United States Senators. — David B. Atchison, Francis P. Blair, 
B. Gratz Brown, Missouri ; Jesse D. Bright, Henry S. Lane, Edward 

A. Hannegan, Indiana; James Brown, Solomon U. Downs, J. S. 
Johnson, Allan B. Magruder, Louisiana; Louis F.Linn, Missouri; 
Thomas Corwin, Ohio; Henry Dodge,WiBconsin;N'inian Edwards, 
John McLean, John M. Robinson, James Semple, Eichard Yates, 
Illinois; James Whitcomb, Indiana; Jefferson Davis, Thomas 

B. Read, Mississippi; John Norvell, Michigan; H. P. Hann 
California; Felix Grundy, Tennessee; John McKinley, Alabama; 
Robert W. Johnson, Arkansas. 

Besides the foregoing, there are seventy-eight that have been 
Members of Congress from other States, and twenty-one presidents 
of colleges not in Kentucky. 


From the lately issued report of the superintendent of public 
instruction, we glean the following statistics of the common schools 
of Kentucky; 

Number of districts, 1880 , 6,177 

Number of children enrolled 478,554 

Average number atteading school 158,218 

Number of teachers — Males 4,418 

Numbers of teachers— Females 2,358—6,776 

Average wages in country, per month $21.71 

Average wages in cities, per month, males 90.07 

Average wages in cities, per month, females 43.48 

School houses — log 3,369 

School houses — frame, in cities 4 

School houses — brick, in cities 44 

School houses — brick, in country 101—8,518 

"While there are 478,554 children enrolled, the average number 
in attendance is only 158,218, or less than one third. There are 
6,177 districts and 3,518 school-houses, so that about one third of 
the districts in the State are without school-houses. 

The wages of teachers in the country districts $21.71 a month. 


According to Census Bulletin No. 313 there are in Kentucky 
258,180 persons ten years of age and upward unable to read, and 
348,362 unable to write. 

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Native whites- unable to write 308,796 

Foreign born imable to write 5,701 

Colored unable to write 133,895 

The native white population is 614,311; the per cent, unable to 
write, 22.8. The foreign white population, 58,964; the percent. 
unable to write, 9.7. The colored population, 190,223; the per cent, 
unable to write, 70.4. 


In 1860 the population of Kentucky was 1,155,684. In 1870 
it was 1,432,695; number of farms, 110,000; number of productive 
establishments, 5,000. 

CENSUS OF 1880. 


Pop. Counties. 

For. Counties. 


Adair 18,078 

Allen 12,089 

Anderson 9,361 

Ballard ,... 14,878 

Barren ;.... 33,321 

Batb 11,983 

Bell 6,055 

Boone 11,995 

Bourbon 15,958 

Boyd 12,162 

Boyle 11,930 

Bracken 13,509 

Breathitt 7,742 

Breckenridge 17,486 

Bullitt 8,521 

Butler 12,181 

Caldwell 11,283 

Calloway 13,295 

Campbell 37,440 

Carroll 8,953 

Carter 12,345 

Casey 10,983 

Christian 31,681 

Clark 13,113 

Chiv 10,233 

Clinton 7,213 

Crittenden 11,688 

Cumberland 8,891 

Daviess 37,734 

Edmonson 7,322 

Elliott 6,507 

Estill 9.860 

Fayette 23,023 

Fleming 15,22] 

Floyd 10,176 

Franklin 18,698 

Fulion 7,979 

Gallatin 4,832 

Garrard 11,703 

Grant ]-'i,083 

Graves 24,137 

Grayson 15,784 

Green 11,871 

Greenup 13,371 

Hancock 8,563 

Hardin 22,564 

Harlan 5,278 

Harrison 16,502 

Hart 17,133 

Henderson 24,516 

Henry 14,493 

Hickman 10,662 

Hopkins 19,133 

Jackson 6,678 

Jefferson 145,902 

Jessamine 10,864 

Johnson 9,155 

Kenton 43,983 

Knox 10,587 

Larue 9,800 

Laurel 9,131 

Lawrence 13,263 

Lace 4,254 

Leslie 3,740 

Letcher 6,601 

Lewis 13,154 

Lincoln 15,079 

Livingston 9,165 

Logan 24,358 

Lyon 6,760 

McCiacken 16,260 

McLean 9.2!):! 

Ma'lisou 23,051 

Magoffin 0,943 

Marion 14,691 

Marshall 9,6 IV 

Martin :-..(i57 

Ma,on 20,469 

Meade 10;!33 

?Ieiiitef 5,410 

Mercer 14,141 

Metcalf. 9,433 

Monroe 10,742 

Montgomery 10,567 

Morgan 8,455 

Muhlenburg 15,698 

Nelson 16,609 

Nicholas 11,869 

Ohio 19,669 

Oldham 7,685 

Owen 17,401 

Owsley 4,942 

Pendleton 16,702 

Perry 5,607 

Pike 15,003 

Powell 3,639 

Pulaski 21,318 

Robertson 5,814 

Rockcastle 9,670 

Rowan 4,419 

Russell 7,591 

Scott 14,965 

Shelby 16,818 

Simpson 16,641 

Spencer 7,040 

Taylor 9,260 

Todd 15,998 

Tritrg 14,489 

Trimble 7,171 

Union 17,803 

Warren .37,528 

Washington 14,419 

Wayne 13,512 

Webster 14,246 

Whitley 12,000 

Woolfe 3,800 

Woodford 4,960 

Tola! . 


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The first permanent settlement in what is now Daviess County, 
was probably made in 1797 or 1798, by the celebrated William 
Smither, more popularly known as "Bill Smothers;" this'settlement 
was made on the site of the present city of Owensboro. For an 
extended account of this remarkable man, see Chapter II. The 
centers of the principal settlements made in this part of the State, 
were at Hartford, on Rough Creek, and Vienna (now Calhoon), at 
the falls of Green River. Each place was rudely fortified against the 
attacks of the Indians, and crowded with men, women and children 
who had gathered there for safety. Their chief source of subsist- 
ence was wild game. This soon became scarce, and as soon as 
danger from Indian depredations was over the families began to set- 
tle outside the forts, though at first, within a short distance of the 
center of the settlement. The families at Hartford subsequently 
located on the banks of Rough Creek. 

The following recollections ot the early settlers of the county are 
from the pen of Judge George AV". Triplet t: 

All of the now county of Daviess once belonged to, and was a por- 
tion of, Ohio County, except a small tract in the northwest some 
four miles wide, on the Ohio River, and extending south a few 
miles to Green River, which was taken off of Henderson and added 
to Daviess some twenty years ago. Also the greater portion of 
McLean lying on the north side of Green River and taken from 
Daviess to form McLean, was originally part of Ohio County. All 
of the earlier settlements of old Daviess were made whilst the Ter- 
ritory was part of Ohio, a large portion of the first settlements 
being in the region around Vienna, now Calhoon. The first settle- 
ment of the present Daviess County was made by Bill Smothers, 
Felty Husk and James Smothers, followed by Rodger Potts in 
4 (49) 

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IJ5O2. liy John and David Leman in 180±; Matthew Rodgers, 
William Galloway a;id some others in 1805. Mrs. Ann Moreland, 
now residing in Owensboro, an excellant old lady, is a daughter of 
Rodtcer Potts. Mrs. Moreland has resided in the present limits of 
Owensboro for upward of seventy years. Wm. Galloway in a year 
or two settled about four miles west of Owensboro, in what was 
then and is still called the Buzzard Roost Hills. He soon had 
neighbors, Bill Wornall, James Romme, the Asterhorrys and a 
tew others. They were all squatters, settling where they chose, 
on and among the rich hills. 

The owners of the lands resided in Virginia. The whole coun- 
try, hills and river bottoms, was almost a dense cane-break, and 
lilled with bear, deer, wolves and other wild animals, also turkeys 
in great abundance. The hollow trees seemed to be infested witli 
raccoons and honey bees; but little labor was necessary. To clear a 
patch of ground on which to raise bread and potatoes, kill bear, 
deer, etc., for meat, cut down coon and bee trees, dress deer skins 
for clothing and moccasins, constituted the general occupation of 
the earlier settlers. 

This mode of life was continued by many up to 1833, when the 
writer was first through this neighborhood, when he was shown a 
poplar tree, full eight feet across the stump, which had been cut 
down on the 25th of December, 1830, as a Christmas frolic by the 
neighbors. The result was the catching of nineteen raccoons and 
fourteen gallons of strained honey, after thirty persons had satis- 
fied themselves- by eating all the honey they desired. The weather 
being cold the honey had to be warmed in iron pots before strain- 
ing. This tale looks big, but I was assured by men who were of 
the party that it was true, and the parties were reliable, truthful 

These old people are all gone, having left the country or died, 
and but few of their descendants remain. They were backwoods 
people and hunters. Yet moat of them were men of noble traits 
of character. Brave and fearless, hospitable in the full sense of the 
word, they took no advantage of each other, or of strangers. 
They would go ten to twenty miles to help a new comer to raise 
liis cabin. Tke rifle was always taken along, and they would kill 
and take in game for provisions at the raising and for a supply for 
the new comer until he could get about and help himself. They 
would stay until all was ready for the new comer to move in. 

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There were no locks to ineat-lionaes or corn-cribs in those days 
One end of a deer-skin cord was fastened to a rude latch on the 
inside of their cabin doors, and the other end of th cord was al- 
ways hanging outside. There was no pilfering, backbiting or slan- 
dering. If a difficulty took place, there was no shooting or cutting, 
and if the matter could not be settled without a fight, their rifles 
and butcher-knives were laid aside and a fair fist and skull affair 
settled the fuss. JS^o biting or gouging or foul holds were allowed. 

What has been said of these people applies in a great measure 
to the earlier settlers generally. The early settlers, however, in 
other portions of the country were more thrifty, paying more at- 
tention to clearing farms, raising horses, cattle and hogs. The 
pioneers in the eastern portion of the county were Ben Duncan, 
on Pup Creek in 1801, a prominent man in his day, father of Major 
Ben Duncan, lately deceased, and father-in-law of Asa Smeathers, 
and James Griffin, two of our oldest and best citizens. Ben Dun- 
can at an early day represented Ohio and other counties in the 
House of Representatives and Senate of Kentucky. 0. Head, in 
Pup Creek in 1803, was an early pioneer, as -vras also the Bells, 
Adamses and others on or near Pup Creek in 1803 or 1804. 

Jim Gentry settled all along from Rough Creek, in Ohio County, 
to the mouth of Blackford, on the Ohio River. Gentry was the 
great hog-raiser of his day; he would examine the country in 
the spring-time for long distances and climb the trees, ascertain 
where the best mast crop would be, and in due time take posses- 
sion and move in his hogs. When Gentry's mast privileges began 
to be interfered with he crossed over the Ohio River into Indiana, 
where few settlements had been made, and where he had ample 
range. Gentry settled and gave name to what is now the thrifty 
village of Gentryville, Ind. 

General John Daveiss and his brother, Jo Daveiss, were also 
early settlers and prominent men. 

A few years later Thomas Clay, a Virginian by birth, and a Rev- 
olutionary soldier, settled seven miles above Owensboro on the 
present Hawesville road. Thomas Clay and his brother Green 
Clay, first settled in Madison County, Ky., from which they were 
both members of the convention which'established the second Con- 
stitution of Kentucky, and finished their labors at Frankfort, Ky., 
on the 7th day of August, 1799. Thomas Clay and Green Clay were 
both men of wealth.. Thomas purchased several thousand acres of 
land of the best quality, and settled in Ohio County, now Daviess, 

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and was grandfather of U. S. Senator T. C. McOreery. Green 
Clay was fatlier of If on. Cassius M. Clay. 

Richard Ilawes, Eobert McCreery, Elijah McCreery, Enoch 
Kendall, Amos Riley, the Robertses and others were early settlers in 
what is called the Beech AVoods, and in the neighborhood of the 
present village of Yelvington. They were all good citizens, and 
men of wealth, or by industry became wealthy. Robert McCreery 
was the father of Plon. T. C. McCreery. Richard Ilawes raised 
eight sons to be grown, four of whom survive. Governor 
Richard Ilawes resides inParis,Ky.; Walker Hawes lives in Texas; 
Edwin Ilawes is now a resident of Owensboro, and W. F. Hawes, of 
St. Louis, Mo. The Ilawes family was a wealthy one, the sons all 
prominent men, and would have been prominent men in any part 
of Kentucky. Richard and Albert were each some six years in 
the United States Congress. The " Beech Woods" was for many 
years known far and wide for its unpretending, yet magnificent, 

The early settlers in the present county of Daviess, south of 
Panther Creek, were Ben Field, Joshua Griffith, Reuben Field 
and others. Colonel William Newton and Warner Crow were 
early settlers, but at a later date than Field and Griffith. Ben 
Field was born in Culpeper County, Ya., was a Captain in the 
Revolutionary army, was with General George Rogers Clark in the 
expedition against the British that captured Kaskaskia, 111., and 
Vincennes, led., then an Indian country under the control of the 
British. From 1Y81 to 1790 Ben Field was a surveyor in the 
wild portions of Kentucky, making frequent trips to his home in 
Virginia, in the winter. He finally settled, about 1803 or 1804, in 
Ohio County, now Daviess, on a tract of land lying ten miles south 
of Owensboro, and which he had surveyed about twenty-three years 
before. He died about 1841, aged nearly ninety. He was entitled 
to a pension of about $30,000, only half of which he ever realized 

Field was witty, genial and hospitable, and raised a large and 
respectable family. All of his children are dead except Captain 
William Field, and all are higlily respected citizens of Ohio County. 
His grandson, Larkin Field, is a resident of Owensboro. Many 
of his grandchildren and great-grandcliildron reside in Davies"s 

Joshua Griffith came from Maryland and first settled at Hart- 
ford, and afterward about ten miles south of Owensboro. then Ohio 
County. Joshua Griffith was the father of ReniUb Griffith and 

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Williain K. Griffith, botli of wlioui were prominent men. His 
daughters married William Hanford, Moses Cummins, Warner 
Crow and Jolm McFarland. All of Josiftia Griffith's children are 
dead, but many of his descendants still live ip Daviess. Joshua 
Griffith was a peculiar man, very mucli like a Quaker in his dress 
and appearance. Eemarkably fond of the company of those he 
liked, and full of fun. He was a great man for eggs, and always 
had plenty of them on hand. We could always tell you at meal- 
time, who he liked or thought most of He would put the question 
to each one, "Do 3-ou like eggs?" "How do you vant them cooked?" 
Each guest's eggs would be cooked as ordered, and placed on the 
table, and each guest directed to his proper place. If he did not 
fancy the guest, only the number named by him or her was placed. 
If he thought well of the next an additional egg or two was served, 
but if he fancied or was specially fond of any particular one, then 
double the number was placed for that person. He was fond of 
children and amused himself much at their praTi**, and sometimes 
played pranks on the children an* larger persons. He had his 
coffin made twenty years before he di^ and kept it in a room up 
stairs, immediately above the room occirpied by him, and generally 
under a bed immediately above. • He always during fa.l, winter 
and spring kept good apples in the coffin for convenience, and also 
kept some of his egg gourds under tlie same bed, and whenever 
youngsters or children came, he would ask if they wanted apples or 
eggs. Of course all said "yes." He would say, " You are young, 
and must wait on yourselves; just go up stairs and look under the 
bed and push the lid off that box, and get as many apples as you 
want, and bring me some; and you, who want eggs, look in the big 
gourd behind the box and get some." The result may well be im- 
agined, for as soon as the bedclothes were raised, the light dimly 
revealed the coffin, and then there was such a "getting down 
stairs," without many apples or eggs, and after his laugh was over,he 
would then call in his faithful body servant, "Red," and have as 
many apples and eggs brought down as the youngsters and others 
could devour. In 1840 he exhibited to the writer a tea-kettle in 
good, serviceable condition, which he had purchased in Baltimore 
the day before his marriage, more than sixty years previously, 
and liad continuously used the kettle the whole time. 

Colonel William Newton and Warner Crow settled in the same 
neighborhood, whilst yet Ohio County. Newton was from Oul- 
peper County, Va., and married a daughter of Ben Field. War- 

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nei- Crow was born in Maryland and raised at HartiVird. They 
were both men of note; each was Slierifi of Daviui-s. and each 
represented the county in tlie LegishUnre of Kentucky. 

Three brothers McFarland settled in what is now McLean 
County, a short distance from Field and Griffith, about 1805. The 
McFarfends were from North Carolina, near the Yadkin River, 
and from Daniel Boone's old country. Th^ey were of large stature 
and riien of greait power, in good circumstances and made good 
citizeiw. Maipy of their descendants have filled prominent positions 
In the county of Daviess, and their descendants are more numer- 
ous in Daviess than the descendants of any other half dozen men 
who ever settled in the county. 

The early settlers of the southwest portion of the present Daviess 
County, were Dav ! Glenn, with |iis boys, William, Duke, and 
David, from North Carolina,.a]l good and true men. Many of 
their descendants still Ijve in the section of country settled by 
David, Sr. JohpAOftlliTifay, or '* Jhree Plait," as he was called, on 
account of wearing hi?^hai(|4u!A? and hanging plaited dow.n his 
back, also settled nearGleJuj.^'Vte was- an upright, honorable man, 
and made little chan.'c, dft'iiiiilj; j»is life in his original primitive, or 
backwoods, habits. 

George Calhoon a lit'.le la. tr settled about seven miles southwest 
of Owensboro on the- stme farm owned and occupied by his son. 
Rev. Samuel Calhoon. He was at one time Assistant Circuit Judge 
of the district. He raised a remarkable family of boys, all of 
whom became men of note, and with the most limited means for 
an education — only what the wilderness aiforded. John Calhoon 
was the first Deputy in the Daviess County clerk's ofiice. lie stud- 
ied law at odd times, commenced practice at Hartford, was a Mem- 
ber of the Legislature, and for six years was a Member of Congress, 
again a Member of the Legislature, and then Circuit Judge. He 
afterward settled at old Vienna, on (iieen River, and when 
McLean County was established, tlic v,-ritcr had the honor of nam- 
ing tlie county seat Calhoon, in honor of Judge Calhoon. Three of 
the other brothers, George, IJenrv and Mitchell, became lawyers, 
one of whom was a ,1 ndge in Misi^istippi ; yainucl became a preaclier 
of the Cjiiinbcrlaiid Presljytfriun diurcli. a!id has (uintiniied to 
preach f.r more thfiri fiay v.'hvs lie is qiiite Infi.-m in body, hut 
hie nii)j(l is ^fi'I Jlaliih (Jalhooii was a man of fine mind, 
afluL-iit talker, and of vubt infoi'iiiation. lie dit'd .-^.»me l.wontv 
yeare iuro at wliat is known a^ Caihoon's Kerry, o:; Cire>n\ River. 

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)llS'ruK\ OF ])A\ IKS^ COL .NTY. 05 

Willis Pickett, a house carpenter of Owensboro, went to Texas 
in IbM, joined a company, and participated in the coiitei-t with 
Mexico for the independence of Texas. 

Robert and Charles Tarleton were early settlers in llie vicinity 
of Owensboro. 

Of such names and men were the original settlers of Daviess 
County, and from such men are many of our people descended. 
In 1834: the voters of Daviess County, then including half of Mc- 
Lean, only numbered 800. Now, in 1875, with McLean voting sep- 
arate, Daviess County has 4,800 white voters, and bOO colored 

There has been vast progress and improvement in population 
and wealth, social position, polish, and education. But with all 
our progress and improvemetit, increase of wealth and population 
can we congratulate ourselves that gar manhood and integr^y is an 
improvement on the manhood and integrity of the old settlers? 

Among the early settlers that havfi'.been meiftioned, the following 
deserve a more extended. notice: 

Hon. John H. McFarland, of (Jwensba^o^lis the oldest living 
resident of Daviess County, hariMii,^pent taore than seventy-rive 
years within the limits of the fcUafii''. ' ffe'was bo'rn in Person 
County, N. C, April 26, 1798. ills grandparents onjiis father's 
side emigrated from Ireland in 1690,' His maternal grandparents. 
Chambers by name, canie from Scotland at a very early day. His 
parents were Walter and Lucy (Chambers) McFarland, and came 
to Daviess (then Ohio) County in 180.*>. Mr. McFarland remem- 
bers well the journey from North Carolina, and wliile on a visit to 
that State in 1875, was able to point out the place where his fatiier 
lived, and where he himself was born. The McFarlands started from 
North Carolina in September, and halted within a mile of where 
Lewis Station now stands, on the third of November. Settlements 
liad been made in that vicinity by one or two persons. Captain Ben 
Field and Adam Shoemaker, and the same year Joshua Griffith 
put up a house, which he occupied with his family the next sea- 
son. There were no otlier persons living except at a distance of 
several miles, and tlie whole number of families living within the 
present limits of Daviess County was less than a dozen. Robert 
McFarland bought 200 acres of land south of Owensboro, and 
made the first whisky and brandy ever made in this county. He 
died in ISll, aged forty-six years. John was fourteen years old at 
the time of his father's death. The first school he attende-l was 

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kept by an Irisliman named Andrew Kelly, two miles southwest 
of Lewis Station, and was probably the first taught in Daviess 
County. Oct. 26, 1816, when under nineteen years of age, he mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Joshua Griffith, of Baltimore, Md., 
and immediately went to farming, which occupation he has fol- 
lowed the greater part of his life. He was the most extensive 
farmer and tobacco- raiser in the county, often realizing $5,000 a 
year from the crop. Each year he planted 130 acres. After a 
married life of seventeen years, Mrs. McFarland died, leaving 
eleven children. In 183i Mr. McFarland married Harriet Lea- 
man, the first child born in the city of Owensboro. By this mar- 
riage there have been seven children. 

In 1857 he became a resident of Owensboro. He was a serious 
sufferer by the events of the war, and since then has given up active 
business to a great extent. During the war he was cultivating 130 
acres of tobacco, which he lost entirely, besides losing $40,000 in 
slaves. On one occasion he saw a company of guerrillas ap- 
proaching the house. He had at this time $6,000 or $7,000 
in the house. As not a moment could be lost, he handed the 
money to a negro boy, who roHted it np and hid it in a pile of rub- 
bish, and it thus escaped the eyes of the guerrillas; it was soon 
restored to its owner. 

In his politics -Mr. McFarland was an old Henrj' Clay Whig, 
and an active worker in that party. In 1848 he was elected to the 
Legislature on the'Whig ticket. He served one term, and made 
an honest record, as an efficient member, and a conscientious servant 
of the people. During the war of the Rebellion Mr. McFarland 
maintained the union of the States and tlie supremacy of the Gov- 
ernment according to the Constitution and laws; since the war he 
has acted with the Democratic party. Mr. McFarland has spent a 
life in honor and usefulness. He is well worthy to stand as an ex- 
ample of the men who reclaimed Kentucky from the wilderness, 
and prepared it for the abode of subsequent generations. 

Among the early settlers of north McLean County (then in 
Daviess) was Anthony '.Thompson, a strict constructionist of law, 
especially of Sabbath laws. He held tliat no one should labor on 
Sunday. In ills vicinity one Saturday afternoon there arrived 
one Christopher Dickin, who had fallen heir to a survey of 400 
acres, covering tlie site where Vienna stood, besides another tract 
of 1,000 acres in the vicinity. Mr. D. was moving from Vir- 
ginia to take possession of the property, with his family and 

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several negroes. On Sunday morning they finished their journey, 
and Thompson had Dickin arrested for violating Sunday law; and 
this prosecution became only the first of a long series of lawsuits 
and of an unending enmity between the men. 

On another occasion Mr. D. was building a house, and Saturday 
night caught him with the structure uncovered. The next day 
he commenced to work on the building, and Thompson com- 
menced lawing him again. These prosecutions, of course, led to a 
permanent enmity between the two men and their families. 

Philip and Emanuel Taylor were early settlers in the southern 
part of this county. 


John Daveiss, a brother of Colonel Jo Daveiss, was perhaps, 
the first resident minister in this county, being here in 1815-'17. 
He was an Old-School Baptist, a sensible but an old-fashioned, 
plainly dressed, unassuming man. He was a sort of lawyer, 
farmer, politician and preacher. The lawyer, politician and preacher 
elements did not seem to harmonize very well, so he quit the law, 
but, being of a warm Irish temperament, he could not entirely ig- 
nore politics, so liis political aspirations somewhat interfered with 
liis usefulness as a minister of the gospel. He was a man of 
ability, with most wonderful conversational powers, witt3% genial 
and sociable in a high degree. 

George Render, a resident of what is now Ohio County, was 
another minister of tlie same persuasion, who, about the same 
time, made his monthly visits to points within the present limits of 
Daviess County, devoting Saturday and Sunday to public services. 
He wa# rough in his ajipearance, but a kind-hearted jnan. 

Thomas Downs and William Downs, brothers, were among the 
early Old-School Ea])tist preachers, both entirely self-made men, 
and reared in the wilderness. Their father was killed by the Indi- 
ans near the old st(jcka(le fort at Vienna, now Calhoon, on Green 
River. Thomas, who resided soutli of Panther Creek; 1815-'35 
and afterward, was a man of fair capacity, great piety, and indom- 
itable energy in his holy mission. He devoted his life to his Mas- 
ter's cause, and was always pooi-, and for many years traveled on 
foot from ten to forty miles to meet his appointments and attend 
the sessions of the Association. Every person loved and respected 
Thomas Downs. William Downs differed mucli from his brother. 
William, a resident of what is now Ohio County, was a man of 

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splendid intellect, fond of religious controversy, i^eing what was 
known as a hard-shell Baptist, he warred with the United Baptists 
as energetically as with Methodists, Presbyterians or Catholics. 

At one time John Cflhoon and others secured a challenge from 
Downs to a Catholic priest, and its acceptance for a religious 
debate. At the time and place named Downs was on hand, having 
traveled on foot about seventy miles. Great preparations had 
been made, and fully 2,000 people were around the rude stand 
erected in the dense birch grove. At the hour. Downs mounted 
the stand, 'took a seat, and, after waiting nearly an hour, raised 
himself up to his full height, and, after minutely surveying the 
immense crowd for some ten minutes (and no jjriest being in sight), 
broke forth in tones which echoed far and wide through the forest, 
"Where, oh, where is that uncircumcised Philistine who assumes 
the power of the living God ? " The excitemen was intense. The 
air was rent by shouts of the multitude. Downs ijuietl}' took a 
text, preached an able sermon, never alluding tf) Catholics. 
Downs did not walk home. He returned home superbly dressed, 
and for some time seemed to bo Hush with silver dollars, halves and 
quarters. Uncle Billy, with all his ability, seems not to have 
been heavily burdened with pietj^, and was bitterly opposed to total 
abstinence organizations. 

John Pinkston was . an old-fashioned pioneer Methodist local 
preacher, earnest, zealous and efficient, and the early builder up of 
the Methodist'church in this county, rio lived, ISlS-'-Si and after. 
two or three miles from Owensboro. on the Litchtield road. 

Jasper Bristow was an ohl-tashioned Baptist preacher, on the 
hard-shell plan, a clever, good, and industrious citizen, residing 
here 1829-'34. Some of his children and many grandchildren 
reside in the countv. 

Reuben Cottrell, from near iiichmond, Va., of tlie United Bap- 
tists, was here in 1S33 and afterward. He was a jjreaeher of note, 
and bitterly opposed to Freemasonry. lie was opposed to mem- 
bers of the church belonging to any secret organization. Some of 
his children and many grandchildren reside in Daviess County. 

Samuel Calhoon lived about three miles out on tlie Henderson, 
until the time of his death. He was a member of the Cumber- 
land Presbyterian church; died within the last three years, nearly 
ninety years of age. 

Jo Miller was of German origin. He had removed from Shelby 
County. Ky., and settled on North Panther Creek. Uiude Jo 

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was a low, heavy, powerful man as to muscular strength. When 
he preached he put forth his whole physical and intellectual 
strength, and was more of an exhorter than preacher. He was 
fond of camp-meetings, where he was always in his element. He 
could do more crying, and have more crying done, and more tears 
shed, than any man of his day. He was an industrious and hard- 
working man. Uncle Jo seemed to have a passion for saw-mill8 
and improvements of that character. He spent almost a fortune 
on saw-mills and mill-dams on both North and South Panther 
Creeks, but his creeks were without rocky bottoms or banks, were 
low, sluggish streams, and he had great difficulty in making his 
efforts remunerative. Jo Miller was a worthy and good man. 
Others and more prominent ministers have followed the old pioneer 
preachers, men of more learning, greater ability, and polished 
manners, but not more faithful, pious, or energetic than the old 
preachers who lifted up their voices in the vilderness to proclaim 
tlie tidings of salvation. 


From the records in the county clerk's office we obtain the fol- 
lowing names of ministers who solemnized matrimony in early 
day, in addition to those already mentioned : Daniel T. Pinkston, 
1815-'20; Job Hobbs, 1816-17; John Phipps, 1818 (probably 
lived in Hartford); Othello Williams, 1819-'24; Jesse Greene, Meth- 
odist Episcopal, 1819; William Allen, Methodist Episcopal, 1820; 
Reuben Owen, 1820; David Lowry, 1820-'21; Joseph Pearson, 
1820-'23; W. Kincheloe, Methodist Episcopal, 1820; John Doris, 
Baptist, 1821-35; William P>arnett, 1822 (lived in what is now 
Ohio County); George Locke, Methodist Episcopal, 1824; William C. 
Long, Cumberland Presbyterian, 1829; Ancil Hall, 1830-'35; 
Stephen F. Ogden, Methodist Episcopal, 1830-'31; James Moore, 
same church, 1832-'33; William Morman, Baptist, 1829-'34; C.L. 
Cliffton, Methodist Episcopal; Eichard D. Neale, same, 1833; 
David J. Kelly, 1834; Elisha J. Durbin, 1829 and onward; John 
C. Wathen, Catholic priest, 1834-'35; F. Tanner, Baptist (resid- 
ing between Panther Creek and Green River), 1834-35. 

The names of parties not indicated as ministers of the gospel, 
who solemnized matrimony in this county previous to 1835, we 
find to be these: Benjamin Peeplus, 1819; Benjamin Kelly, 1820; 
J. H. L. Moorman, 1820; Benjamin Talbot, 1820; Michael D. 
Neal, A. M., 1824; William Hart, 1830; T. W. Chandler, 1834. 

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Mr. Meeks, the father of James and Charles Meeks, was killed 
across the river in Indiana in ]811, by an Indian named Sutty- 
house. The sons here mentioned then pursued the murderer until 
they found him, and then killed him. The incoming war of 1812 
directly aiterward frightened all the Indians of this region to other 
parts of the country, since which time no depredations have been 
committed by them in this part of Kentucky. 

William Calhoon, the great-grandfather of George Calhoori, 
came to this country in a very early day. On one occasion, while 
surveying with another man, they were lost for forty days and 
nights, having nothing to eat except snakes and toads! They be- 
came s) poor and weak that they had to lie down beside a sap- 
ling at night, so that they could raise themselves in the morning 
from the ground with the aid of their hands, as it were by climbing! 

Mr. Calhoon's grandfather, with five pounds (sterling) of money 
and an old wreck of a gun, purchased 1,400 acres of land, which 
now is said to be worth $50 an acre. 

The earthquake of 1811 was perceived by all the residents in 
this region. Articles suspended from the wall or ceiling were 
swung about Ijke a bell on an animal's neck. The superstitious 
element of human nature was excited, and many are the amusing 
experiences witnessed on that occasion. For example, one An- 
thony Thompson, a pious Methodist, thinking that the world was 
coming to an end, met with his neighbors and prayed and sang 
and shouted. Byrd Wall, father of Banister, was appealed to by one 
of these excited believers, and he replied : "Oh, you needn't give 
yourselves any uneasiness. This earth is hung on axles like a 
horse-mill shaft, and I will insure its running safely for a thousand 
years yet to come. " 

1811. — This was a remarkable year in Kentucky, — comet, earth- 
quake, signs of war with Great Britain, first steamboat down the 
Ohio Eiver, and the discovery of the Mammoth Cave! All these 
at a time when the people were superstitious, — no wonder they 
were frightened. It is claimed by one old resident, however, that 
the fi''8t steamboat on the Ohio River did not appear until 1814. 
The fliN; shock of the earthquake was perceived at 2:15 p. m., Dec. 
16, 1«U. 

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And now, how natural to turn our eyes and thoughts back to 
tlie log-cabin days of less than fifty years ago, and contrast it with 
the elegant mansion of modern times. Before us stands the old 
log cabin. Let us enter. Instinctively the head is uncovered in 
token of reverence to this relic of ancestral beginnings and early 
struggles. To the left is the deep, wide fire-place, in whose com- 
modious space a group of children may sit by the fire, and up 
through the chimney may count the stars, while ghastly stories of 
witches and giants, and still more thrilling stories of Indians and 
wild beasts, are whisperingly told and shudderingly heard. On 
the great crane hang the old tea-kettle and the great iron pot. The 
huge shovel and tongs stand sentinel in either corner, while the 
great andirons patiently wait for the huge backlog. Over the 
fire-place hangs the trusty rifle. On the right side of the fire-place 
stands the spinning wheel, while in the fartlier end of the room 
the loom looms up with a dignity peculiarly its own. Strings of 
drying apples and poles of drying pumpkin are overhead. Oppo- 
site the door by which j^on enter stands a huge deal table; by its 
side the dresser, whose " pewter plates " and " shining delf " catch 
and reflect " the fire-place flame as shields of armies do the sun- 
shine." From the corner of its shelves coyly peep out the relics 
of former china. In a curtained corner and hid from casual sight 
we find the mother's bed, and under it the trundle-bed, while near 
them a ladder indicates the loft where the older children sleep. To 
the left of the fire-place and in the corner opposite the spinning- 
wheel is the mother's work-stand. Upon it lies the Holy Bible, 
evidently much used, its family record telling of parents and 
friends a long way off, and telling, too, of children 

Scattered like roses in bloom, 

Some at the bridal and some at the tomb. 

Her spectacles, as if but just used, are inserted between the leaves 
of her Bible, and tell of her purpose to return to its comforts when 
cares permit and duty is done. A stool, a bench, well notched and 
whittled and carved, and a few chairs complete the furniture of the 
room, and all stand on a coarse but well-scoured floor. Let us for 
a moment watch the city visitors to this humble ■•cabin.. ■ The city 
bride, innocent but thoughtless, and ignorant of labor and care, 
asks her city- bred husband: "Pray, what savages set this up?" 
Honestly confessing his ignorance, he replies: " I do not know." 

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But see the pair on whom age sits " frosty but kindly." First, as 
they enter, they give a rapid glance around the cabin home, and 
then a mutual glance from eye to eye. Why do tears start and fill 
their eyes? Why do lips quiver? There are many who know why; 
but who, that has not learned in the school of experience the full 
meaning of all these symbols of trials and privations, of loneliness 
and danger, can comprehend the story they tell to the pioneer? 
Within this chinked and mud-daubed cabin we read the first 
pages of our history; and as we retire through its low doorway, 
and note the heavy battened door, its wooden hinges, and its wel- 
coming latch-string, is it strange that the scene without should 
seem to be a dream? But the cabin and the palace, standing side 
by side in vivid contrast, tell the storj' of this people's progress. 
They are a history and prophecy in one. 

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Tlie name of this romarkable ])ioneer has been variouslj' spelled 
and pronounced, as Snieather, Sraoathers, Sraither, Smithers, 
Smothers, etc., but Smither was probably correct; and " Bill " is 
supposed, of course, to stand for William. The above is the name 
by which he was familiarly called. He was born on the western 
frontier of Virginia, near the Ilolston River. His father was a 
liunter, and frequently took his]son with him to assist in bringing 
home the game. One morning he started at daylight, telling his 
wife that he would take a little round and be back to breakfast. 
As he did not return, a search was made for him. His body was 
found about two miles from home, nearly devoured by the wild 
beasts; but the narrow blade of an Indian tomahawk had been 
driven dee]) into his brain. His wife was so deeply aifected by his 
death that she lived onlj- nine days, and was placed in death where 
she had been in life — close by the side of her husband. William 
was so excited that he did not close his eyes in sleep during the 
night that followed her burial. Before day he went out, and 
standing by their graves, boy as he was, he raised his hand to 
Heaven and swore that he would devote his life to the destruction 
of the Indian race. And well did "he keep that vow, for he never 
saw an Indian that he did not shoot at, and he very seldom missed 
his aim. He felt very conscientious about killing a squaw, and re- 
joiced that it was never his misfortune to meet with one. 

AVilliam was twelvs years old at the time of his parents' death. 
There were also two other children: James, aged nine, and Mollie. 
aged seven. One of the neighbors, a new comer, having no place 
of his own, proposed to take care of these orphan children for the 
rent of the farm. This was agreed upon and he moved in. Dur- 
ing that same year William went to live with an uncle in Vir- 
ginia, who agreed to give him a good education, and $100 in 
money when he became of age. This uncle, whose name wa-* 
Chrisman, was a man who worshiped the rich and scorned 
the poo]'. He was so cruel and overbearing to his orphan nephew 
that the latter ran away from him in a few years. He wandered 


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through the country, stopping wlierever he could lind anything to 
do, but found his stock of money was growing less and less every 
day. lie was in a little town called Taylorville, near the Catawba 
liiver, when Culonel Shelby came thnjugh beating up for volun- 
teers, and William joined him because lie knew not what else to do. 
At that time the British had a military post on King's Mountain, so 
named from the I'act that it stands alone, overlooking the country 
on all sides. It was at this point that the battle of King's Mount- 
ain was f.iught between the British and Colonel Shelby's men. The 
latter were successful, having killed Ferguson and a great many of 
his men, captured 1,000 prisoners, 2,000 muskets, and all their 
military stores, and lost very few of their own men. 

After his discharge, William again wandered around the country 
until the following spring, when he was taken by a squad of men 
belonging to General Green's command, who had been sent out to 
press teamsters to drive the wagons. Although Smothers was ex- 
empt from the duties of teamster, he was detained until after the 
battle of Guilford Court-House was fought, and was then dis- 
charged. After this he could find no employment and con- 
cluded to return to James River and visit his nncle and friends in 
that vicinity. But his uncle forgot to give him the $100, al- 
though he was twenty-one and had a very good education. He 
bade hiia good-bye, and started for his native town to visit his 
brother and sister. He found them still living with the man who 
had taken the farm. This man had a daughter whom Smothers 
courted one Sunday evening, and married the next Thursday. He 
was very anxious to proceed immediately to Kentucky, but his 
wife and sister insisted that the snow and ice on the mountains 
would endanger their lives; so the move was postponed until 

On his arrival in Kentucky, he found the jegion around Lexing- 
ton more densely settled than the country he had left on the Hols- 
ton. He had come to fight the Indians, and did not feel like taking 
wages as a hand on a farm. He met a party who were cominir 
down to fortify in the Green River country, and joined them 
at once. They built a fort at Hartford, on Rough Creek. When 
they were besieged they found that the Indians generally came 
from lower Kentucky, wading Green River at the falls. Thev es- 
tablished a fort there and called it Vienna. At first, of course, it 
was only a fort; afterward a town was laid out there and called 
Vienna. It is now called Calhoon. The father of Wm. and 

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Thomas Downs, a Baptist preacher, was the last man killed by the 
Indians here, which was in 1790-'2, within a few hundred yards of 
the fort. The section of the country about Vienna was settled up 
fully ten years before Bill Smothers came to Owensboro; the In- 
dians seldom came in great force afterward, and they soon scat- 
tered. Mrs. Smothers lived only a few years after her removal to 
Kentucky, and died, leaving two daughters and one son. Miss 
MoUie Smothers remained with her brother many years. 

Smothers, not liking the dense settlements around Hartford and 
Yienna, came to the Yellow Banks and built a cabin on the banks 
of the Ohio. This was about the beginning of the present cent- 
ury. The cabin was of round logs and had two doors; from one 
he had a view of the Ohio, and from the other he looked into his 
garden. On the lower side of the house there was a shed-room, 
which was made by extending the main roof,, being enclosed by 
slabs of timber planted in the ground. About four feet of a single 
log was cut out to make a passway into the room. In it he depos- 
ited his peltries and groceries, and when he entertained a large 
company, which was frequently the case, it was converted into a 
bed-chamber, more agreeable in cold than warm weather, owing to 
the abundance of deer and bear skins and buffalo robes which were 
kept there. 

Nature had been liberal in her gifts to Smothers. In personal 
courage he was inferior to no man, and he was endowed with a 
good understanding. The operations of his mind were quick, and 
there was a sprightliness and point in his conceptions which never 
failed to interest the listener. In conversation he rarely descended 
to vulgarity, and never affected the coarse manner or rude speech 
of the ruffian. His voice, like his mind, was clear and distinct; 
and if he had received a thorough education he would have been a 
shining light in the land. But his love of fun was his controlling 
passion, and led him into many improprieties and may have clouded 
his memory with crime. In person, he was five feet eleven inches 
high; his hair and beard were dark brown; his eyes were prom- 
inent and a clear, deep blue ; his complexion was fair; and the ex- 
pression of his countenance was playful and intelligent. Whatever 
he did seemed to be performed deliberately. He spoke the truth, 
except when he was planning some mischief, and then his fertile 
imagination readily invented whatever was necessary to the suc- 
cess of his scheme. On these occasions he could invent the most 
marvelous and miraculous lies, giving all the particulars and at- 

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tendant circumstances. Incredulity itself would be silenced by 
his earnestness of tone and his minuteness of detail. 

Smothers was delighted with his new home at the Yellow Banks. 
He was in search of a good hunting-ground for himself, and good 
range for his horse and cow; and in these respects his situation 
could not have been improved. From Panther Creek to the Ohio 
Eiver, and from Green Elver to Blackford, he was the only in- 
habitant. He roamed the forest alone and slaughtered the game 
at pleasure. The necessaries and even the luxuries of life were fur- 
nished to him at his very door. The barges, as they were slowly 
cordelled by their armed crews, would stop and give him salt, 
flour and groceries, in exchange for dried venison, bear-meat and 
buifalo robes. No man below the falls could furnish so sumptu- 
ous a meal, and ho man ever entertained with more genuine hospi- 
tality. The visitors had a general partiality for '■ old rye" and 
''flour bread," as these articles were unknown in the interior. At 
the conclusion of one of his repasts, a man called " Leather-legs" 
wiped his mouth on the skirt of his hunting shirt, and remarked: 
" Smothers, I believe I will pull up stakes where I am, and come 
down here." This observation cast a shade over the countenance 
of Smothers, but he quickly replied, assuring his friend that the 
unhealthfulness of the climate would greatly endanger his life; 
"and besides," said Smothers, " I intend paying you a visit on 
Pond River, and taking a long tramp in the hills; 1 like to hunt 
in the hills; the water is so much better than it is in the bottoms, 
and then you are clear of the black gnats, mosquitoes and galli- 
nippers that swarm in these flats." " Stop, Smothers," said Leather- 
legs, "you are taking a great deal of pains to tell me that you 
don't -want me here. I won't come; if I break up I will go to the 
mouth of the Wolf, or to the Red Banks." "Well, then," said 
Smothers, "we will be neighbors, and I will call and see you at 
either point." 

The remark of Leather-legs made a deep impression upon the 
mind of Smothers. It proved to him that others were at least 
thinking of intruding themselves into the small boundaries 
which he had assigned to himself; that the 150,000 acres of land 
which he had enjoyed as a hunting-ground would be occupied by 
other men; that settlements would be made, farms opened, and 
the game driven away or destroyed, and that he would be left 
in his old age without the means of support, in the country from 
which he had expelled the Indians. He did not spend his time in 

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gloomy despondency, bnt, like a true man, resolved to make every 
effort to avert the awful train of calamities which he saw at no 
great distance ^before him. A surveyor's chain he regarded with 
particular abhorrence, and, if opportunity presented, he would place 
it where it would never be stretched again ; corner trees, he thought, 
ought not to stand, as they would be the starting points for sub- 
division. It will not be stated that he ever cut one, but many 
were missing. He determined also that his house should present 
fewer attractions. His table, instead of luxuries, was supplied with 
the simplest and coarsest fare of the hunter. He almost deserted 
his home, wandering weeks and months together in the woods. He 
hunted deer and bear on this side of the river, killing as many as 
he wished, and twice a year he took an Indian hunt on the other 
side, where he was equally as successful. Sleepless days and nights 
would be spent to get a shot; and at every crack of his rifle an 
Indian fell. 

The melancholy and dreadful news, against which he would have 
gladly closed his ears, at last saluted Smothers, that at least twenty 
families had arrived upon his territory, and were then preparing 
to build houses and open plantations. The surveyor with his com- 
pass and chain was making new lines; the ax was busily plied in 
felling his trees; and the wedge lustily driven was riving his oaks. 
His lines had been broken and he was surrounded. In anguish 
and bitterness of spirit he contemplated his situation, and no ray 
of light broke through the dark cloud which enveloped him. At 
first he had almost resolved upon a hostile demonstration, but the 
number of the emigrants and the respectability of a portion of them, 
convinced him of the absolute folly and madness of such a course. 
Like all brave men, when fairly driven to the wall, he made up his 
mind to meet his fate with fortitude, and, making a virtue of ne- 
cessity, he determined to cultivate the good opinion of the new 
comers by a friendly visit to them. Near Blackford he called 
upon Ely and Natty Bell. At the house of the latter he was agree- 
ably surprised to find his brother James, who was laying siege to 
Bell's sister-in-law; she capitulated shortly afterward and they 
were married. In his circuit he saw Barker and Killenbarger, 
Holmark and Holinhead, Jones and Jordan, Glenn and Gentry, 
and on his return home he heard the ax of Felty Husk, who was cut- 
ting logs to build a house near the residence of Thomas H. Painter. 
Husk and Smothers afterward contracted a friendship which 
closed only with their lives. 

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Hitherto there had been no legal tribunals in this section, and 
might had generally constituted right. But Anthony Thompson 
was commissioned and qualified as a Justice of the Peace for Nel- 
son County. He lived a few miles to the west of Vienna, and his 
district was about as large as six of our present counties. Thomp- 
son had a clear head, an iron will, and the kindliest feelings toward 
the whole human family. The uneasiness which Smothers expe- 
rienced at the appointment of a magistrate in such close prox- 
imity to himself gradually faded away. Five years of impunity 
convinced him that Squire Thompson was his friend; and although 
he had never seen him, he began to like the man, but rather pre- 
ferred that Panther Creek should still continue to run between 
them. One day Thompson called upon Smothers and they were 
60 well pleased with one another that they became intimate friends. 

One sultry evening as the last rays of the setting sun were play- 
ing upon a bank of cloud, fringing its outline in purple and gold, 
Smothers and his sister sat upon the doorsteps enjoying the cool 
air, and silently enjoying the splendors of the scene. Unnoticed by 
them, a keelboat had made fast at the landing, and several of the 
men were already in the yard. The foremost, a man by the name 
of Norris, was of Herculean proportions, and it was the boast of the 
crew that lie had never met a match in a fisticuff from Louisville 
to New Orleans. Miss MoUie left the side of her brother and 
entered the house. When they approached Smothers arose from 
his seat and invited them to walk in. They indulged themselves 
in such freedom of remark that Miss MoUie concluded she could 
not remain with propriety and ran to the house of Felty Husk. 
Smothers, who had not observed the absence of his sister, remon- 
strated with them in mild but very decided terras upon their un- 
becoming and unworthy behavior. The firmness of his manner, 
and the truth of what he said, made an impression upon the boat- 
men. Six of the number upon leaving the house called to Norris 
to come and go to the boat. He told them to go on and that he 
would be along directly, liut he never went. In the dim twilight 
Smothers saw ten or twelve of the crew ascending the bank in a 
line to his house. Retreating by the back door lie concealed him- 
self in a bed of strawberries which grew in his garden. When 
they entered ;uid beheld the lifeless body of their comrade and 
friend extended upon the floor, with the warm blood still trickling 
from two ghastly wounds, their rage and indignation knew no 
bounds. They threatened to hunt for Smothers until they found 

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him, and to slay him at sight. Perceiving that they were search- 
ing and ransacking the house, and expecting them in tlie garden, 
he left his hiding place and spent the night in the woods. At day- 
light the next morning he knocked at the door of Ben Duncan, 
Esq., who lived on Pup Creek, ten miles above Yellow Banks. 
He informed 'Squire Duncan of the nature of the cl)arges which 
had been made against him on the night previous and demanded a 
judicial investigation. 'Squire Duncan summoned the boatmen as 
witi\e6se8 and opened his Court of Inquiry. In answer to the sum- 
mons the crew came in a body to the house of the justice. Many 
of them were armed, and declared it to be their intention to seize 
the prisoner and hang him to a tree. But the friends of Smothers 
wer« there, and no man had more friends or truer friends than he 
had. They told the boatmen if they opened the ball in blood that 
the sun of that day would shine on many a corpse; that Smothers 
had surrendered himself to the officers of the law and was a pris- 
oner; that they could give their evidence if they had any, but if a 
hand was raised in violence they would resist it to the death. As 
they were prepared to make their words good the examination 
went on smoothly and quietly. The court decided that the offense 
was vailable, and required Smothers to give bond and security for 
his appearance on the "first day of the next term of the Ohio (now 
Daviess) Circuit Court. The bond was immediately filled by the 
prisoner and a number of securities, and after recognizing the wit- 
nesses the court adjourned. Smothers, with six of his chosen 
friends, returned to his home. The boat was still at the landing, 
but the war was not renewed. 

Smothers was much perplexed in mind upon the subject of em- 
ploying good counsel to argue his case before the Circuit Court. 
For all minor offenses he had appeared in his own behalf, and had 
been uniformly successful; but in a case which involved the question 
of his life or death, he was unwilling to trust himself. But he was 
poor, and lawyers' fees werehigh, and he knew not well what to do. 
His anxieties about the matter were happily relieved. The great 
advocate, Jo Daveiss, knew Smothers well, and admired him greatly 
for that indomitable courage yhich never had been known to quail 
in the presence of danger. He heard, at Frankfort, of the affair, 
and sent Smothers a message which was characteristic of the man: 
'• Don't ruin yourself hiring lawyers. I will be with you on the day 
of the trial." Smothers knew his man, and relied upon the promise 
with implicit confidence. The fame of Jo Daveiss as an orator and 

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the wide-spread acquaintance of the accused brought a concourse 
to court, such as had never been seen in Hartford before. The 
keelboatmen from Louisville were there, and strangers from a 
circuit of 100 miles were in attendance, curious to see Bill 
Smothers, and anxious to hear Jo Daveiss. The trial itself was 
likely to be one of surpassing interest and remarkable singukrity. 
Only two lawyers would appear, and they were brothers. As soon 
as the sheriff had made proclamation that the "court was open," 
Smothers tendered himself in discharge of his bond, and took a 
seat within the bar. John Daveiss, the Prosecuting Attorney for 
the district, was much interrupted in his duties during the day 
by repeated questions concerning his brother: "Where is he?" 
" "When do you think he'll be here?" " May be he will not come at 
all." And a variety of inquiries and speculations saluted him 
wherever he went. On Monday night Jo Daveiss staid at the house 
of Stephen Stateler, four miles from Hartford, and on Tuesday 
morning he and Stateler walked into town. Court was already in 
session, and was devoting the usual hour to motions. Stateler and 
Daveiss sat upon a bench in a remote corner, engaged in conver- 
sation. Stateler was much the taller man of the two, but they 
were dressed alike in blue jeans, and to all appearances were a 
couple of sensible farmers. Stateler had no idea that he was talking 
to Jo Daveiss, but still he was strangely fascinated by his company. 
When Judge Broadnax had disposed of the motions, he opened 
the docket and called the case of the Commonwealth ve?-sus William 
Smither, nUas Bill Smothers. John Daveiss was up stairs with 
the Grand Jury, and of course made no response to the call. State- 
ler's companion left him and took a seat by the side of his client. 
Smothers, who was not in the least surprised at the course of his 
lawyer, shook him warmly by the hand. Broadnax becoming im- 
patient directed the sheriff to summon the attorney for the Com- 
monwealth. John Daveiss walked down stairway, and with his 
papers in his hand stepped in the doorway where he had a 
short conference with his witnesses. Broadnax repeated the call 
of the case with emphasis, and said he wished to be advised if the 
Commonwealth was ready. John Daveiss, stepping inside the bar, 
said he believed he would not apply for a continuance, although 
one important witness had not yet arrived; that he might come 
during the progress of the trial, and he reserved the privilege of 
taking his testimony. " What say you, Mr. Smothers?" said his 
'lonor. Tlie shrill voice of Jo Daveiss answered, "We are ready 
for the defense." 

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John Daveiss, recognizing the voice of his brother, embraced him 
affectionately, and having introduced him to Broadnax and the 
bar, proceeded to impanel a jury. The evidence in the main was 
in accordance with the fact already stated. Jo Daveiss made no 
labored effort at cross-examination, but permitted the witnesses to 
make their statements in their own way, sometimes putting a sin- 
gle question to elicit an explanation. When the attorney announ- 
ced that the testimony was closed in behalf of the Commonwealth, 
Jo Daveiss exchanged a few words with Smothers, and then rose 
and said, that his client, from motions of delicacy, had positively 
refused to introduce liis sister, who was the only witness that could' 
state anything material to the defense; that the prosecuting at- 
torney might proceed with his argument to the jury. By the feel- 
ing manner in which he made this simple statement, he seemed 
already to have gained the vantage ground. But John Daveiss 
was a man of no ordinary ability, and knowing that he had to cope 
with one of the greatest advocates of this countrj' or the world, he 
put forth his full strength in his opening speech, endeavoring to 
forestall the impression which had always attended the powerful 
efforts of his brother. The evidence was arranged in a masterl 
manner, and he closed by a spirited and strong appeal to the jury 
to discharge their sworn duties honestly and faithfully, exhorting 
them to disregard alike the fame and passion of the orator who was 
to follow him, and assuring them that whilst the wicked might re- 
joice at acquittal, all good men would say amen to the condemna- 
tion and execution of a marauder, an outlaw, an assassin and a 

That wonderfully eloquent and strangely eccentric man, Jo Da- 
veiss, then rose to address the jury. It was his ambition to do 
everything after a fashion that nobody else in the world ever had 
attempted. He was never known to ride to a court-house, but 
made his circuit on foot, whilst a negro boy accompanied him on 
horseback, carrying his papers and clothing in a pair of saddle- 
bags. His manner, his style, his tactics at the bar, were all his 
own, and they all lie buried with their master in the field of Tippe- 
canoe. J!<o fragment of a speech of his remains to-day; and from 
the erring and fading memories of men we derive our only ideas 
of the inspiration that moved upon the feelings and swayed the 
passions, until he could drive his triumphal car over any obstacle 
that might oppose his onward course. Tradition furnishes only a 
dim outline of his speech in defense of Sniothers, which wasprob- 

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72 IlISTilK-y "!-' :>AVi:i». rn^NlY. 

abl}' tlie greatest forensic effort of hi^ life. It was made for a triend, 
without ho])C of reward, and the whole power of mind, body and 
Koul were jionred forth in liis cause. 

He commenced as it' he liad a fee to {insist in tiu: j)rosecution. 
He reiterated tlic stroiiii; points in the attorney's S]ieeeh, a)id of- 
fered additional ai'guments in favor of conviction. Tlie friends of 
theaccnsed began to whisper that ho was a snake in the ojrass, and 
tliat he had come to help his brother, and the ej-es of Smothers 
were raised in calm siir])riseto the face of his counsel, lint Daveiss 
went on urging that an acquittal, under all the circumstances, would 
be a monstrous fiutrage upon law and justice, and insisting that 
the jury ought, without hesitation, to hang the criminal. Adopt- 
ing all the epithets which had been so liberally bestowed, he called 
upon them to haiig the maiauder. hang the outlaw, hang the assas- 
sin, hang the murderer. Pi'ooKorno proof, let the hangman pro- 
ceed on his mission of strangulatioi>. 

That such, in effect, was the common reasoning of prosecuting 
attorneys, and lie had been repeating in substance what had fallen 
from the gentleman who ])receded him; but the law was es- 
tablished u])on principles precisely of an opposite character. He 
dwelt upon tlie tenderness and mercy of the law, and the safeguard 
it threw around the life and liberty of the citizen. That malice, 
premeditated malice, was an essential ingredient in making out a 
case of murder, and without it there was no murder. That if the 
killing was in sudden heat, it was manslaughter; and if the blow 
was given in self defense, or in defense of family and home, then it 
became a virtue, and was no crime at all. 

Without a note he reviewed the evidence from beginning to end, 
calling the names of the witnesses as he went, and contended that 
the Commonwealth had tailed to prove that his client had slain the 
deceased. That he was found dead in the house of the prisoner at 
the bar, but no man had seen the prisoner inflict the wound. 
That circumstances, however conclusive they might appear, were 
frequently deceptive. He read a case in the' English Reports 
where an innocent man had been executed u]jon circumstantial 
evidence even stronger than that before the jury, and took the po- 
sition that the unscrupulous and vindictive prosecutor was guilty 
of murder, and that the twelve jurors were his aiders and abetters, 
because they did not require that ])ositive and undeniable proof 
which leaves no room for a reasonable doubt. That if. in truth, it 
was the hand of Smothers that directed the blade, the facts in the 

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case waiTanted tlie conclusion that the other was tlie aggressor. 
That the prisoner was a man of sense and a man of prudence, and 
never would have sought an encounter with a giant, whose physi- 
cal force was so great that he had never found an equal; and who 
had a host of thirty comrades who would have rushed to his call 
and staked their lives in the (juarrel. That the deceased was the 
aggressor in the beginning, and it was a fair iuforence that he so 
continued to the end. That unhidden he had invaded the precincts 
of the prisoner's home, and in return for civility and hospitality, 
had offered insult and injury. That his foul, false tongue had 
aimed to fix the seal of infamy upon the spotless tablet of a maiden 
sister's fame. That when his companions, im]ielled by repentance 
and remorse, had left the house, he lingered upon the spot. That 
if Smothers had slain him, he slew him in the holy cause of religion 
and of virtue, and that the King of Heaven had strengthened the 
arm that drove the pointed steel to his heart. 

He paid an eloquent and glowing tribute to the brave pioneers, 
who, by their toil, sweat and blood, had won the great valley ot 
the Mississippi from the Indians, and consecrated it to agriculture, 
to commerce and to the arts. He denounced in terms of the bitterest 
indignation the deepingiatitude of the Government which suffered 
them to languish and die in poverty and neglect, whilst all its 
favors and patj-onage were lavished upon fawning sycophants and 
cringing parasites and flatterers, who knelt and worshi])ed at the 
footstool of power. That a golden crown had been tendered to 
Julius Caesar for his victories in (xaul, and for the addition of that 
province to the lioman territory. That these men had conquered an 
empire thrice as great and thrice as fertile as Oaul; and neitlierthe 
charity, nor the bounty, nor the justice of the Government had ever 
induced it to bestow upon one of them so much as an iron skillet. 
That a representative of that Government was here to-day appeal- 
ing to a jury of the country for the blood of one of the bravest, 
because he had stood upon the tlireshold of his rude hut, which was 
his castle in the eyes of the law, and had defended his family 
against the licentious and wanton insults of a blackguard and 
ruffian. Were he in place of his client he would leave his Govern- 
ment, and seek ".sonic boundless contiguity of shade, wliere the 
rumor of oppression and of wrong might never reach him more.' 

That if Smothers had to die, it was meet and appropriate that 
he shouhl die at Hartford. Hartford had been the theater of his 
valor, and Harttui-d shoidd be the scene of his execution. That 

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he came with the party that erected the first fortification; that his 
hand dug the ditch and planted the palisade; and when the Indi- 
ans besieged and fired upon you from stump, bush and tree, whose 
aim was deadliest and whoso rifle rang clearest in your defense? and 
when they were defeated and turned their backs in retreat, who was 
fleet-footed enough to lead the van in the pursuil? Who hovered 
around them like a destroying spirit until he had djed the waters 
of your rivers in their blood ? Who trailed them to their homes 
beyond the prairies, and restored your stolen property without evei- 
receiving one cent in compensation? That whatever falsehoods 
may have been invented and circulated against his client, the 
forked tongue of slander itself had never charged that his soul had 
been stained by the sin of avarice. That with am])le opportunities 
of securing an immense landed estate, there was not a foot upon 
the earth that he could call his own. That while others had en- 
riched themselves by speculation, peculation, violence and fraud, 
the poverty of Smothers was a vindication of the sterling integrity 
of the man. That his public service needed no rehearsal. That 
Isaac Shelby, in a conversation, liad endorsed the heroic conduct of 
the "boy Bill Smothers " at King's Mountain. Tliat he carried 
in his pocket an honorable discharge from (leneral Green, after 
the great battle of Eutaw. That after he came to the West, the 
hills and valleys and the rivers had witnessed activity that never 
tired, eyes that never slept, and courage that never flinched in the 
hour of danger. That if they met the demands of the C-rovernmcnt 
oflScial by the sacrifice of the life of the prisoner, let the martyr- 
dom occur on the mound on which we stand; let the last glance of 
tlie departing soldier rest upon the scene where in the vigor of 
manhood iio strove to give peace and security to your liomes and 
firesides; and as his slender form swings in the air, take a long and 
a last look at the truest and l)oldest man that ever raised an arm 
in your defense. 

In his charge to the jury, Judge Broadnax himself approved 
the able lawyer and the upright man. Forgetting tiie many an- 
noyances of Smothers, he exhorted the jury to look in mercy upon 
the prisoner, and to give him the benefit of every reasonable doubt. 
The jury, after a retirement of ten ininates, brouglit in a verdict 
of " not guilty." 

Smothers invited his counsel to go home with him, and Daveiss 
accepted the invitation. He was so well pleased witli the country 
around Yellow lianks tliat he settled the place afterward owned 

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by James Kiidd, and planted the orchard which stands upon the 
slope of the hill. His brother, John Daveiss, not long afterward 
commenced opening the farm upon which the Crutchers subse- 
quently resided, and now owned by Mr. Lostetter, and lived there 
tor many years. 

The speech of Jo Daveiss opened to the mind of Smothers a 
new field of thought and a new object of enmity. All his private 
and personal animosities were forgotten in the disgust and indig- 
nation which he felt toward his Government. Hitherto he had 
regarded bear-hnnting and Indian-fighting as the greatest pleasures 
of his existence; but he now refiected that he had expended the 
flower of his youth and the strength of his manhood in destroying 
wild beasts and savages, that he might increase the power and re- 
sources of a Government which had sought his life; and that that 
Government, with means beyond his power of computation, had 
failed to make the slightest provision for his wants, and would 
neglect him to the end. The voice of Jo Daveiss ever sounded in 
his ears that he ought to seek some shade where he would be free 
from oppression and from wrong. Brooding in silence over such 
subjects, he came to the deliberate conclusion that a proper self- 
respect required him to leave the territory of the United States. 

When he arrived at this conviction he confided his purpose to 
no one, but began to make necessary preparations for his depart- 
ure. He had always felt a strong partiality for Bob Tarlton and 
other friends on Kough Greek, and he could not think of going 
without seeing them; and to make the visit as pleasant as possible 
he proposed a big bear-hunt. In company with Husk and Glenn, 
he started with his dogs to go directly to the house of Tarlton. 
He found Tarlton and his friends in a grand spree. After spend- 
ing a day with them, they all started on a hunt, which lasted sev- 
eral days. They succeeded in killing a monstrous bear, which they 
quartered and took to their camp at the Falls of Rough. 

On his return to his home, Smotlvers commenced making active 
preparations for his departure. About the first of February he 
went to the house of his brother James, who lived near Blackford, 
to spend a night with him and bid hini a last adieu. When he 
announced his intention, his brother, overwhelmed by the sudden 
shock, gave free vent to his sorrow. He considered their separa- 
tion the greatest calamity that could have befallen him. lie clung 
to him and insisted on going with him. Bill remonstrated with 
him, "Jim, be a man. If I had been hung at Hartford, I should 

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not have drawn a sigh nor shed a tear, and I don't like to see yoit 
crying as if you were a woman or a child. " 

When Smothers had taken leave of his sister and embraced liis 
brother's children, he stepped out of the door and saw his brother 
James leading a conple of horses from the stable, and informed him 
that all liands were going to accompany him home. They re- 
mained with liim several days. One day at dinner Smothers in- 
formed his brother that he wished to start the next morning at 
sunrise. Rising from the table they took an affectionate farewell. 
James and family returned liorae, and the next morning Smothers, 
with his three dogs, stepped into his skiff, and they were shoved off 
by Husk. 

After a prosperous voyage of two weeks, Smothers landed at 
New Orleans. He spent one day in that city in purchasing ammu- 
nition and embarked on the next, descending the Mississippi 
toward the delta. He passed through the right hand mouth of 
that river and entered the Gulf of Mexico; hugging the shore, he 
rowed along in the direction of Texas. After tvyo or three deten- 
tions he rowed into Galveston Bay about the first of May, and 
spent a month on the Island of Galveston — the only quiet month 
he had known for forty years. He again started on his journey 
and this time landed at the mouth of Yeagua Creek, where he 
began to look about for a permanent home. He selected a place 
forty miles from the si)ot where he landed, a place combining more 
advantages than any other in the country. 

For fifteen years iSmothers trod the wilderness alone, except an 
occasional meeting with an adventurer like himself who was will- 
ing to brave the dangers in order to enjoy the pleasures of the 
chase; and then he made it convenient to separate as soon as possi- 
ble, believing that it was safest to be alone. He was satisfied with 
his manner of life,' but it was his destiny to return to the habits of 
civilized life, and in view of his age he did not regret the change. 

One of his daughters, Mrs. Berry, a woman of a kind and affec- 
tionate disposition, was devotedly attached to her father, and 
induced her husband to follow him to Texas, that she might at 
least provide for some of his wants. The tears streamed from her 
eyes as she beheld his emaciated form and tottering steps. She 
made every effort and used every argument in her power to induce 
him to make her house his home that she might care for him in his 
old age. But her importunate attentions wearied him, and he 
declared he would never go to see her again as he could have no 

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peace in her house. He was very fond of his grandchildren and 
spent a great deal of time in play with them. At last Smothers 
told his daughter that some friends from the Brasses had promised 
to be at his house early in the fall and that no consideration would 
induce him to be absent on their arrival. A presentiment that she 
was seeing her father for the last time overwhelmed her with 
sorrow at their separation. Even the fortitude of Smothers was 
shaken by this manifestation of filial aifection. 

Early in October his friends started to take the hunt with 
Smothers. They hitched their horses near a spring, walked up the 
hill and got over the yard fence. The dogs sallied forth to resist 
intrusion upon their prostrate master, but they were quieted upon 
hearing familiar voices. When they entered the house they saw 
the form of Smothers extended upon a bear skin. He wore a 
white woolen cap, but his locks and his beard were whiter still. 
His tomahawk was belted to his side and his open palm rested 
gently upon the back of his gun which stood in the corner. The 
active limbs were stiff and cold. The tongue that had urged on the 
strife was mute. The pulse that had beaten high in the van of bat- 
tle had ceased to throb. The devoted friend, the implacable enemy, 
the lion-hearted Smothers was no more. 

The hero of the foi'ogoing history is thus noticed by the cele- 
brated Washington Irving in his " Experiences of Ralph Ring- 
wood," who was Governor Duval, of Florida. The latter was 
hunting in the wilds near Yellow Banks, when he saw a stranger, 
and the following conversation ensued: "What are you after?" 
•cried he. " Those deer," replied I, pettishly; "but it seems as it 
they never stand still." Upon that he burst out laughing. " Where 
are you from ?" said he. "From Richmond." "What! in Old 
Virginny?" "The same." "And how on earth did you get 
here?" " I landed at Green River from a broad-horn." "And 
■where are your companions?" "I have none." "What! all 
alone?" "Yes." " Where are you going?" "Anywhere." "And 
•what have you come for ?" " To hunt. " " Well," said he, laugh- 
ingly, "you'll make a real hunter; there's no mistaking that! 
Have you killed anything?" "Nothing but a turkey; I can't get 
within shot of a deer; they arc always running." 

"Oh, I'll tell you the secret of that. You're always pushing 
forward, and starting the deer at a distance, and gaze at those 
that are scampering; but you must step as slow and silent, and 
cautious as a cat, and keep your eyes close around you, and look 

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<^ HlSTliKY r>F DAVlKS^- i;ni'NTV. 

from tree to tree, if yon wish to get a chance at deer. But come, go 
home with me. My name is Bill Smothers; I live not far off; stay 
witli me a little while and I'll teach you how to hunt." 

I gladly accepted the invitation of honest Bill Smothers. "We 
soon reached his habitation, a mere log Init, with a square hole 
for a window, and a chimney made of sticks and clay. Here he 
lived with a wife and child. He had " girdled " the trees for an 
acre or two around, preparatory tr> clearing a space for corn and 
potatoes. In the meantime he maintained his family entirely by 
his rifle, and I soon tbund him to be a iirst-rate huntsman. Under 
his tutelage I received my lirst effective lessons in " woodcraft." 
•:<- * * * * 

After I had passed ten or twelve days with Bill Smothers,! thought 
it time to shift my quarters, for his home was scarce large enough 
for his own family, and I had no idea of being an incumbrance to 
any one. I accordingly made np my bundle, shouldered my rifle, 
took a fi-iendly leave of Smothers and his wife, and set out in 
quest of a Nimrod of the wilderness, one John Miller, who lived 
alone, nearly forty miles off, and who I hoped, would be well 
pleased to have a hunting companion. 

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The substance of this chapter is extracted from a remarkably 
interesting and valuable work entitled "fioland Trevor," which is 
in fact an autobiography of Mr. Triplett; and rs it gives so much 
early history pertaining to this region of Kentucky, we feel justi- 
fied in publishing the following extracts in this connection. The 
first several paragraphs we quote entire, as they embody the max- 
ims of his life, and seem to be as valuable as the noted sayings of 

"The life of every man contains a lesson to his successor which 
may be of value if properly written out. It is a chart, showing 
where the shoals and breakers lie which prodxice failures in his en- 
terprises as well as where the deep and smooth waters are found in 
the sea of prosperity. There are few who have arrived at the age 
of fifty and have been prosperous, who could not be more so if 
they had their lives to pass over again, and quite as few who, hav- 
ing been unfortunate, cannot look back and see the causes to which 
they owe their misfortunes. A father, then, who has the time, 
should fiirnish his son with this chart while his mind is yet in that 
pliant condition which adapts it to receive the lessons of experi- 
ence; before a dogmatic self-will has impressed him with an idea of 
his own smartness which makes him deaf to the instruction of 

" The most important lesson which my experience has taught 
me is the conviction that the human mind is progressive in all its 
stages, and that upon no subject has it ever filled the measure of 
knowledge to be obtained therein. The conceited, therefore, wlio 
turn from instruction under a belief that they have nothing more 
to learn upon any subject, only show the shallowness of their un- 
derstandings. The mind very quickly determines from Ixearing a 
lecturer whether there is a probability of adding anything to the 
store of knowledge already possessed on any given subject, and if 
not, it would be waste of time to listen to him; but one should not, 
therefore, cease to make inquiries through more intelligent sources. 

"In politics, religion, medicine, and many other sciences, cer- 


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tain sects have formed their opinions and will hear nothing to 
shake them. How is it possible that the mind can learn if the 
book of knowledge is closed ? When I observe a man listening 
with respect to opinions not in accordance with his own as if he 
gave due weight to them and wished to ascertain what merit they 
were entitled to, and what he can gather from them to improve his 
own stock of knowledge, I consider that he has a well-balanced 
mind ; one possessed of natural strength, and capable of gathering 
strength as it goes. There are, indeed, very few minds of this 
character that are not of the first order. If, after having heard 
all that is to be said, although dissenting in opinion, a man gives 
full weight to all the arguments that deserve it, setting them forth 
in their strongest light, and even adding others in support of the 
views which have been given as suggested by those of the speaker, 
but still, in a decorous manner, showing why they fail to convince 
him, I naturally lean to that man. I am satisfied there is no 
prejudice about him; that he is in search of light, of truth, of justice, 
— in a word, a well-bred gentleman; for, whether he come from the 
cottage or the palace, he is one of nature's noblemen. If schools 
and parental teaching have not made him a gentleman, nature has. 
The opinions of such a man are always listened to with respect. 
They always have great weight, and the author will hold friends 
wherever he goes; such a man will make proselytes. But, on the 
contrary, if a man listen with an apparent anxiety to detect you in 
a false position, in a slip of language, showing that his object is 
victory in argument and not to elicit truth, refusing to admit self- 
evident facts or reasonable influences, requiring proof of what a 
candid mind ought to admit, indeed, leaving an impression on his 
adversary that he is not inclined to deal fairly, — that man may 
exhibit his ingenuity, his tact, hrs skill in argument, but he leaves 
an impression on his adversary of a very unenviable kind, that he 
is lacking in candor, frankness, honesty, nobleness. There are 
many grades of all these qualities, and if I had to select a man to 
transact my business on account of his honesty, and one should be 
recommended as standing unexceptionably witli the world, who 
suited me in all other qualifications, if I were to hear him offer 
unfair arguments I would not employ him, because the honest 
heart can do notiiing unfair. He wlio will make up an unfair 
account in argument will do it in dollars and cents whenever a 
sufficient temptation ofi'ers. 

'' Once in conversation with a distinguished politician who aimed 
to be a leader, I admitted that on a certain point a political oppo- 
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nent was right (he and I agreed in politics) ; ' Oh, no, no,' said 
he, 'you are wrong.' Even-tnallj, however, I satisfied him that I 
thought I was right, if I failed to convince him. Not being able 
to convince me, he took me by the hand and said, 'You are a 
young politician, and some hints may be of service to you. Allow 
me to suggest that we never ought to concede that our opponents 
are right when they differ from the received doctrines of our party.' 
' Wiiy, sir,' said I, ' that would be a monstrous principle to ad- 
rait. Each party then would maintain its gromd from the mere 
love of opposition. Every member of each would have his opinions 
molded for him by his leaders; he would be a mere machine, and 
not an intelligent being. I shall never subscribe to such opinions, 
sir, and hope our party will not.' From that moment I lost all re- 
spect for this man, and he finally forfeited the respect of his party. 
There is a set of hardened political jockeys who laugh at the idea of 
political honesty, and view any man's pretention to it as evidence 
of greenness and simplicity. But for my part I cannot conceive 
that a man can be morally honest and politically dishonest. If a 
mau is honest at all, the principle prevails with him throughout. 
It will not travel with him through morality, and then leave him 
in politics or religion. 

"Honest}' consists in never acting unfairly, whether in trade, 
politics or religion. Many an honest man has gone to jail for debt 
fairly contracted, but which unexpected events made it impossible 
for him to pay; ma"ny a politician has greatly injured his country by 
misguided opinions fairly entertained; and man}' an honest man has 
incurred public odium from professing religious opinions which he 
sincerely believed. 

"The mind of the young should be honest; that is, open to 
light and willing to hear the truth and admit it. Every truth 
stored in the mind is future mental capital; and as it is said 
money begets money, growing and compounding in its growth in 
proportion to its aggregation, so do truths. Every addition to 
the mass of correct thinking streng*^' ens the mind and adds to its 
power of collecting new truths, which finally constitute a mind so 
strong and clear that it has no false view of anything. On the 
contrary, the man who aims only at controversial victory, and seeks 
only weapons, fair or unfair, to attain success, accepting the fair and 
unfair arguments of others wherever they can be found to answer 
his purpose, ceases from that time to strengthen his mind by 
accumulating truths; and such a man must always occupy a second- 

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82 HISTOEY OF D.AVTF!^;- < "i .1 N ; \ 

ary stand. I do not mean to say that t!:<!ri' a-e nor -iriar' aiid u\\- 
ented men who are dishonest. ihiL.-ncli mvi mmuM ]),;■- ....•cnpied a 
much more exalted position hs int'i; of''.<!(;Jii iiiia iicy I'd;.; liun-'st; 
for they lose the greatest aid to the attiiiijuio-ut > i';i ii'S-t! i^rner of 
talent in the lack of honesty; that aid wliis ii tlic Jieart, <:.\-!- t., the 
head, — which makes eloquence 60 po\Y«;rlV^ arid incsisiCii^ia when 
there is a consciousness of right. 

"The young mind should learn to be cha)'itai3le, and slow to 
condemn an opponent for dift'ereiice of opinion, or for crime where 
there is lack of proof. This world is awfully uncharitable, and 
prone to condemn on the first accusation without investigating the 
justice of the charges. Hence, mischief-makers in society so often 
succeed in estranging friends from each other by starting reports 
in which there is no just foundation. The young heart, while it 
should not be so credulous as to be imposed upon, should be pre- 
disposed to a good opinion of human nature, otherwise its own 
good feelings will be corroded and hardened. While we allow that 
there is enough of baseness in the world to put us on our guard 
and give us reasonable caution, we should also allow that there are 
virtue and merit enough to open and warm our hearts. Happiness 
depends much on the sympathy of virtuous hearts. To allow that 
there is but little virtue in the world would be to leave the vir- 
tuous heart desolate indeed. Such is not the fact. There is much 
to authorize us in giving our confidence and affection, observing a 
reasonable prudence in doing so. In carrying out this idea I do 
not mean to say that a man must lend his money or his name fool- 
ishly to others. No friend would ask it beyond your ability con- 
veniently to spare it. To that extent a man may be justifiable, 
but certainly not further. An acquaintance will sometimes present 
himself with a note or bond, and say: ' I wish you to indorse this 
for me; it is a mere nominal thing; you will never hear of it 
again.' The nature of trade renders mutual aid sometimes neces- 
sary, and all who need it should, if practicable, make arrangements 
for reciprocal accommodations, securing each other for doing so. 

'< There are, however, friends who, under certain circumstances, 
are entitled to oui aid, when it would be ungenerous to refuse it; 
and vvhert- v/e can see that, without dishonesty, we are not very 
likely to lose we should give it. We are all sometimes so circum- 
Htance.^ u,T to lendc'i- Euc-h aid necosKary, and even at the hazard of 
li)-iii];;^ vvu oii'jjit to give it. n^ft never carry this friendship so far 
thht, is y m HTve to pay 'aV. it will injure you. Many men keep no 

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account of thoir indorsements, and are finally mined when they 
were not aware that they were liable as sennrity to bnt a small 
amount. I-et me now impress on you to open a security account 
the first time you put your name on paper for any man, and make 
this entry: 'Security Account to Bills Payable,' for this amount 
due on the day of , by A. B , for whom I have in- 
dorsed $ ." 

The father of Robert Triplett was a man of great energy and 
enterprise, and although he met with great reverses of fortune he 
never became disheartened. Previous to the last war with England 
he owned coal mines in Virginia, besides a valuable plantation; 
but the coming on of the war and the blockading of the Chesa- 
peake made bankrupt every coal-miner, himself among the rest. 
His limited means prevented his giving his son Hobert the educa- 
tion which was customary for the sons of Virginia gentlemen to 
receive. He was well versed in the English branches and could 
write French with tolerable ease, but his education was not thor- 
oughly classical. This caused great humiliation to the mind of 
young Robert. At an early age he was put to live vfitii a merchant 
in Richmond, a wholesale importer, without wages, but merely to 
learn business. A friend of this merchant, who was in the habit of 
calling there, was so well pleased with the manner in which Robert 
discharged his duties that he solicited his services in his own estab- 
lishment. As his employer had very little for him to do he offered 
no objection, Robert readily agreed to make the change and went 
to work with renewed energy. His new employer was a Scotch 
importer of salt, china, crockery, queen's-ware, wine, brandj', etc., 
all of which was sold by the pipe or crate. As he was remarkbaly 
fond of his ease, he very soon gave his business matters entirely 
into Robert's hands. As the time of the latter was not wholly 
occupied with his duties he spent most of his evenings in reading 
and study. He made it a rule to read at least 200 pages of 
solid matter every week. He even wrote out an epitome of the 
histories of Rome and Greece, His genius ran in the line of math- 

Mr. Triplett's first speculation was in the coal mines. There was 
an immense body of coal piled at his father's yard which he could 
do nothing with, as the English fleet lay in the Chesapeake, and 
it could not be exported. Robert observed that coal was $1 
per bushel in Baltimore, and insurance twenty-five per cent. He 
asked and gained his father's consent to make an adventure in it. 

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He shipped 3,000 bushels and cleared about $550. He made one 
ur two other adventures and was extremely successful. Soon after 
•Jiis lie left hi--. einplo\'er and went to work for a merchant at Nor- 
foft- at asalarj ..i'$000 per annum. He gave nearly all his earn- 
itigs to iiis frither to relieve his embarrassments. 

I.-i l!il7 Mr. Triplett accepted an offer from Judge Bouldin, 
t tL'v'.uior of the estate of David Ross, to come to Kentuck}' to set- 
tle up that estate. There were then no railroads, nor steamboats 
on the Ohio except one or two that had commenced below the Falls. 
Horseback was the usual mode of traveling to the West. He made 
the trip to Frankport in sixteen days. Here he remained for some 
time ill the discharge of the duties attendant upon his mission. 

About the year J 820 Mr. Triplett came to Owensboro in com- 
pany with an acquaintance. On arriving within twenty-five miles 
of the town his companion informed him that they had reached the 
beginning of the great survey of M., B. & Co'., which extended six 
miles below Owensboro; thirty-one miles in length, and containing 
160,000 acres. About three miles above the town they came in 
sight of the Ohio River which Mr. Triplett now saw for the first 
time. It was very full, nearly up to its banks on the Indiana side. 
The court-house had been built in Owensboro, and a number of 
cabins*; but there were not more than two or three brick chimneys 
in the town. After his friend had completed bis business they 
returned to Frankport. 

After making a complete digest of his Kentucky business, Mr. 
Triplett returned to Yirginia, with the intention of joining his 
brother in business; bat Judge Bouldin was very unwilling to 
dispense with his services and he was induced to continue. So he 
departed a second time for Frankport. About this time there was 
a moneyed crisis in Kentucky, and the " Independent Bank sys- 
tem" was introduced. This was giving a bank to almost every 
county in the State. Mr. Triplett foresaw a general bankruptcy of 
tliose institutions, and wrote several essays, under fictitious sigua 
tares, to endeavor to stay the ruin, but all his efforts were vain, 
(This subject is treated more fully in the "Outline History of 

After the rising of the Legislature this year Mr. T; .ilarted tor 
the Yellow Banks, to look into the land there, to seo about i;(rttii)!; 
possession of it and selling it. His first objeel was to survey out 
all the interfering claims, and ascertain how much of the land wa.^ 
clear in title, and what occupants were on it; then to have a'l titat 

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was clear in title sectiouized into tracts of from 200 to 400 acres, 
with an accurate description attached to each section of the land 
contained in it, with the probable value thereof, springs, improve- 
ments, etc., with the settlors thereon. Having obtained an lionest 
surveyor for the purpose, he started him on the work. But new 
diflBcnlties presented themselves which were likelj to give him much 
trouble. The occupants refused to surrender the land; he had no 
leases frqm them, and they acknowledged no tenancy; but they 
denied his right. The number of parties concerned would render 
a suit very troublesome, and it was important to avoid it if possi- 
ble. Most of the occupants were reasonable if left to themselves, 
but an effort was made to create resistance, and many were the 
"shooting " threats made if Mr. Triplett went on to certtyn lands. 
But he braved them all and no serious difficulty ensued. He en- 
countered one obstinate fellow who was afterward killed in a street- 
fight in Owensboro. Mr. T. was successful in his undertaking at 
this point, and then returned to Frankfort. He proceeded to put 
in form the materials he had collected at Yellow Banks in regard to 
the entries of Eoss and May, which he had surveyed. They called 
to begin at the upper end of the Yellow Banks, about forty miles 
above Green Eiver, and run to the lower end thereof, and back for 
quantity. He had had a front profile of the bank taken at the upper 
and lower end and at various intermediate points; had all neatly 
painted, and an argument framed lo sustain the entry, which was 
in litigation. The large entry of May, Bannister & Co. was also 
in litigation, but with a decision against them. On looking over 
the record and applying the facts which he knew of, Mr. Triplett 
saw there was a fatal defect, which had escaped notice. The ar- 
gument about the Yellow Banks entries was very long and com- 
plex. During this fallJudge Bouldin came out to Kentucky, and 
Mr. Triplett gave him an exhibit of his work. Judge B. iilstructed 
him to abandon the entry of May, Bannister & Co., and rely 
on the patent only. Mr. T. showed him the condition of every- 
thing at Yellow Banks, with which he seemed pleased; and in 
consequence of there being a large surplus in the entries of Boss 
& May, which could not be held against an elder patent, he was 
advised to go to Washington City to see the Masons and endeavor 
to compromise with them, givinjg one half for the other. These 
things being settled, the Judge returned to Yirginia. 

The papers, including many relating to titles of land, were in 
Cincinnati, and there it was necessary for Mr. Triplett to go to get 

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thein. Having accomplished the object of his visit he returned to 
Frankfort, and having obtained the necessary powers, proceeded to 
Washington, where he met the Masons; but none were authorized 
to act, so lie failed in making the desired arrangement. He then 
returned to Frankfort, where he remained until the time for the 
sale at the Yellow Banks, when he went down. He had a large 
number of maps prepared of the sectionized land to be sold, with 
books of surveys, the lots numbered and described, so that with a 
map anyone could find any lot and examine it, and the sale and 
transfer by number was very simple and easy. Such land as he 
did not sell at auction he was ready afterward to sell in his office. 
A reference to his book of surveys gave him quantity, quality and 
value. He had contracts all printed, as also deeds, bonds and every 
necessary paper, with the prices on the face of each tract; and after 
he would sell a tract of land, have all the papers signed, and the 
whole transaction closed in thirty minutes. 

During his stay at Yellow Banks Mr. Triplett put up at Mrs. 
Adams's tavern ; and although she had not a brick chimney to her 
house, she had everything neat and tidy, and her meals were well 
cooked; indeed, everything as good and comfortable as her means 
would admit of, and three pretty daughters to set off the whole to 

As long as Mr. Triplett kept his affairs within iiis own control, 
he went on regularly upward until his income reached $7,000 
or $3,000 per annum. But as soon as business expanded until 
it became necessary to employ agents, although well planned, and 
upon a basis which in all probability promised success, it then 
commenced losing, and so continued until a greater portion of 
what had been previously made was sunk. 

The next slop was a speculation in coal. His friend G. came 
with him to tlio Yellow Banks and was delighted at the prospect. 
Coal had been discovered in their Bonharbor hills. Tlie coal, for 
which jio purcliased the property, was only a thin vein at the river, 
but a hunter, seeing them working this, said he could show them a 
better voiu in r,hi' hills, which he did, to the depth of four and a 
liHit' teci. And from this to the Ohio, three quarters of a mile 
ruey made the first railway, in 1S20, which was made in Kentucky 
;ind, yjr'jbiibly, in the West. The next year they commenced 
■ioliveiing- coal to stenmboiUs, being the first attempt below the 
t;i,ils, if tK>{ the iirsL attempt in the West, to use coal as a steam- 
lu)!.^ file!. 

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About this time (1826 or 1827), Mr. Triplett married Miss Pe- 
gram. He first settled in Frankfort, but his presence being very 
much needed in Haphazard, a place in Daviess County where he 
had previously purchased land, a portion of which had to be 
drained to make it of any value, he decided to move there. The 
firm was losing money by their distilleries; nothing went well 
with them, and they stopped the largest, still continuing one and 
the steam-mill. Everything looked discouraging. There was a 
ray of hope let in from the coal mines. Their first experiment 
had been profitable, and it was determined that Mr. B., one of 
the partners, should go to New Orleans to make arrangements to try 
to get it into use among the planters or sugar-makers. He author- 
ized an agent to act in the business, and returned, and they 
proceeded to send down coal, oflPering it for fifty cents a barrel. 
The experiment was eminently successful, every load being sold 
before it arrived. Fortune sliowered so many favors upon them 
that they proceeded to make arrangements for the next year's 
work upon a very large scale. 

In February, 1829, a difiiciilty occurred with their distiller. As 
this event and its results are very interesting, we give the details 
in Mr. Triplett's own words: 

" The vile business seemed to go wrong in every way. I found 
our distiller had been cheating us and charged him with it. This 
brought on a fist-fight, the only one I had ever been engaged in 
since leaving school. He was a powerful man, over six feet high, 
and would have gotten the better of me had we not been parted. 
My brother-in-law, Dr. P., being present, interposed, and I left the 
distillery, and with him went down to our office, pretending to 
be entirely pacified, and laughing heartily at the occurrence as a 
good joke; but as soon as I had thrown the Doctor off his guard 
and got him to leave me, I returned to the distillery with a toma- 
hawk, determined to drive the distiller out. But, fortunately for 
me, ho had gone, for lie was a desperate character, and with his 
mash-stick would have been an overmatch for me with my toma- 
hawk. 1 now had the distillery closed and the business stopped. 
The distillei- threatened to sue me for violation of contract, but we 
compromised the matter by agreeing to leave it to arbitration. In 
this arbitration occurred a ditliculty which caused mc circumstan- 
tially to relate the above afiair with the distiller, which otherwise 
would not have been wortli naming. Mr. T. Y., the most promi- 
nent lawyer in our district, a inan of naturally good heart 

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but of most ungovernable passion, was my adver!:ary's lawyer, 
and, in the course of bis speeeli spoke of the • stratagem of Mr. 
T.' "When the argument was over I remarked to him that he had 
used an expression which he must withdraw. ' What expression?' 
said he. I replied that he had accused me of stratagem in my 
dealings with the distiller. ' I did not allude to j-ou,' he replied, 
' I meant your brother's stratagem of argument.' My brotlicr was 
my lawyer in tlic case. 'Ah, well,' I replied, 'I am glad to hear 
it.' 'Ibit,' lie rejoined, ' I am always responsible for what 1 say.' 

"About six months before this when T. and myself were taking 
some depositions, he had been needlessly harsh, as 1 thought, on 
my witness. I took him out to give him a friendly talk about it. 
His usual mode of proceeding in such cases was harsher than I was 
disposed to bear with; but he was so accustomed to it that he did 
not see any harm in it. We were neighbors and I was anxious to 
keep on friendly terms with him. So I told him, and that to this 
end more courtesy would be necessary on his part. He took this 
as a threat and said he would not be threatened by any man. I told 
him that so far from its being designed as a threat, I designed by 
it to avoid any cause of quarrel if possible. But, as I had missed 
my object, and to the public, if we did quarrel, there might be a 
semblance of my being in the wrong, I did not intend then to let 
him draw me mto a quarrel; but at any other time when he felt 
inclined to seek a quarrel with me he should be gratified. Thus 
we parted, and we were both on the lookout for the slightest provo- 
cation. Under other circumstances I should not have deemed his 
remark sufficiently offensive to require me to call him to account 
for it, nor he would not have refused to let his explanation stand. 

•' Seeing now that I had mistaken him, and although determined 
not to take the shadow of an insult from him (especially as ho held 
the whole country in dread, for when in a passion he lost all control 
of hiuiself), I was still anxious to avoid a quarrel if 1 could do so 
v/ith credit. When he said; 'I am always responsible for what 
T say,' I looked him earnestly in the face and replied. 'Mr. T., 
while I believed you intended to insult me, I intended to call you 
to account for it. When I perceived ray error I was anxious that 
the difiiculty should go no farther. Your explanation was satis- 
factory, and under that explanation tliereis no need for you to hold 
yourself accountable; there is nothing to be accounted for. Let 
mti heg of yon now to let this matter stop where it is?' He replied 
that he- withdrew his explanation. I walked up to him with a view 

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to make a personal attack upoa him, when my brother cried out, 
'Good God! Robert, you are not going to strike a lame man.' I 
halted, and looked at him and said, 'I will not strike you, sir, nor 
will I challenge you, abhorring duelling as I do, but nevertheless 
I will accept a challenge from yon, and thatyuu may not be without 
provocation for one, I tell you that I only now spare you in con- 
sideration of your lameness. Now challenge me if you dare.' 
Our friends jumped in between us, several taking hold of him, 
and several hold of me. To those who attempted to hold me, I 
remarked in the language of a man of whom I had read, ' One man 
can hold me: the balance of you go and hold Mr. T.' 

"In due time the challenge came, and was accepted, to light as 
soon as I could provide myself with arms. I sent to Hardinsburg 
for a pair of pistols, said to be the best known. But T. had been 
there before me. One friend then jumped on a steamboat and 
went to Louisville, where he found a fine pair belonging to Mr. 
J. D. B. Another went to New Madrid, where he knew there 
was a pair which Burr had had on the field with Hamilton. Both 
pairs were obtained, and so good were they that I did not regret 
failing to obtain those in Hardinsburg. I now fixed the day for 
the fight, accepting at ten paces back to back, whirl and fire 
between the words, " fire " and "three," the seconds to count delib- 
erately one, two, three. T. objected to standing back to back, as 
he was lame and could not turn as quickly as I could. I then, 
waived that condition and agreed to stand face to face. He having 
the advantage of me in practice, I took time to make myself even 
with him, and .soon found that I was a first-rate marksman, and 
heard that he was the same. The victory then would fall to him 
who could shoot quickest; therefore my efforts were to learn to 
shoot quick. During the interim before fighting 1 was daily 
engaged with B. in settling up our business, and the evening 
before in making the final arrangements. B. remarked, it was 
strange to see a man writing his will, and making such arrange- 
ments while yet in good health. * * * * 

" The next day we were to meet at a designated point on the 
Indiana shore at eleven o'clock. "When about to embark to cross 
over. Judge H., one of my seconds ( each had two), asked me how 
I felt. I replied, ' Strangely indifferent; ' I can hardly realize that I 
am going to fight a duel.' ' But' said he, ' you must realize it, for 
there is but little time left now.' I then remarked, ' Before we go 
over, hang up a tape against that tree and let me try my hand.' 

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He objected, sajing, 'If joa make a bad shot it will affect yoar 
spirits.' ' No, ' I replied, ' it will not; hang it up.' It was done; 
at ten steps I took a shot and cut the tape about half an inch below 
the black spot. *That will do,' said he. 

"(Considering the probable dreadful result, to kill or be killed, 
many would say it argued great want of feeling to go about such 
a business so calmly. Butif the reader has ever been engaged in 
a duel, if he has had time for reflection before it occurred, and his 
conscience is at rest as to having used every effort to avoid it, he 
will then see that the thing being inevitable, and his own safety 
depending on his shooting his adversary, no question arises in his 
mind wliich [of the two to choose. Persons may say that they 
would as soon be shot as to shoot an adversary. That was not my 
case; I very much preferred to shoot my adversary. And it was 
important to my success in doing so, that the awful responsibility 
of the act should be shut out from my mind as much as possible. 
I would not think of it but in one way, that it was necessary to my 
own safety. 1 had no feeling of revenge to gratify, and when I 
went upon the ground I had no more animosity against Thomp- 
son than against any other man on the ground. When we took 
our positions and were asked if we were ready, I answerd, 'No.' 
I wished to see if my nerves were steady and took aim at a lump of 
snow on a wood-pile. Although there was snow upon the ground, 
and it was dead of winter, — February, — yet I felt a warm glow and 
a suppleness of nerve which was extraordinary. If Providence 
would take part with either party in a matter like this, I should think 
I had his support, for never was my touch so sensitive, my flesh 
so pliable, nor my aim so quick and accurate as at this lump of 
snow. I felt as though I could put my ball just where I pleased; 
and unfortunately for Thompson there was a grease spot very vis- 
ible just where I wished to aim. 

"Being satisfied witli my aim, I turned to the second, who had 
asked if we were ready, and said, 'Now I am ready.' Thompson 
was asked if he wasjeady, and answering 'yes,' the word fire was 
given. Our fires were almost simultaneous, mine a little first. 
For a moment Thompson stood erect, and, although ray aim was 
good, I began to tliink I must have missed him. But presently a 
black scowl cairie over his countenance, he threw Iiis pistol on the 
ground befoi-c him and.baid, ' I am a dead man! ' Now, all the 
feelings which liad been strained up were relaxed, and my first 
impulse was to go to his aid. But as I advanced, his second, Mr. 

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G. called to me to keep my post; that Mr. Thompson might 
wish another fire. I returned, but in a few moments his other 
second, Judge C. called out that Mr. Thompson was satisfied; 
he would be unable to take another fire. My ball had entered just 
under his right nipple, passed through his body, and lodged in his 
left arm without breaking the skin except where it entered. It was 
not supposed he could live twenty-four hours. But he did, and 
finally recovered; and although at first, for some time, we were not 
friendly, yet ultimately we made up and were good friends. And 
what was singular, this shot cured him of a chronic rheumatism of 
ten years' standing, and of his lameness. He said I was a first-' 
rate surgeon, though rather a rough operator. Thompson was a 
singular man, one of violent passions; sorry for it when the passion 
was over, and used to tell his friends that he could not control 
himself, and that he was certain he would some day be killed, — a 
correct prediction, for he was afterward killed in the streets of 
Owensboro in 1863, by a man whom he had attacked. He was a man 
of fine talents and fine qualities, away from his ungovernable pas- 
sions. The man who killed him was a workman for a carpenter, 
not particularly sensitive; but the event so preyed upon his 
conscience that he gradually pined away and died in about a year 
after with no complaint but remorse. " 

This put an end to the distilling business. Both distilleries soon 
went to wreck, and a large sum of money was entirely sunk. Mr. 
Triplett felt some consolation in the refiection that, if they had 
been engaged in the abominable business, they had lost enough 
to punish them for the sin, and that their account with Heaven 
was nearly balanced; but at that time it was not considered a 
discreditable business. 

They now made arrangements for a tremendous business in coal, 
and so brilliant seemed the prospect that the loss by the distilleries 
seemed but a trifie. They turned into building boats at their steam- 
mill, turning out one a week, contracted with other mills to build 
all they could, and various points were all alive building boats for 
them. They were in high spirits, imagining they were making 
from $150 to $200 a day. But an event occurred to blast their 
prospects, as unexpected as would have been an earthquake to sink 
all their coal mines, namely, a frost, which destroyed the sugar- 
cane after it had ripened — an event that had not occurred before 
for twenty years. 

"When, however, by great efforts the evil caused by this misfort- 
une seemed to be remedied by finding a market among the tow- 
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boats, and they again renewed their shipments, a belief that the 
heat of the coal caused the boilers to burn out induced the tow- 
boats to abandon it; and here was a second great disaster which 
almost prostrated them, and which it was beyond the power of 
man to foresee. Determined to die with their colors flying, how- 
ever, and believing that they need not fear another frost, and that 
the idea of burning out the boilers would be deemed nonsensical 
by the next season, they made another struggle and shipped a con- 
siderable quantity. But the planters would not buy, and captains 
of ships would not employ tow-boats which burned coal because 
the smoke blackened their sails. They were now effectually done 
for and dissolved partnership. 

After this Mr. Triplett went to his original business and rapidly 
recovered the ground he had lost, but the proceeds had to go to 
pay dues on his own and the firm's lands; ultimately he began to 
emerge, and with most of the property with which he started. 

He next went into a Texas speculation with an apparent profit 
of over $90,000, which induced him to make a purchase amount- 
ing to 20,000 acres; and the Government of Texas, failing to carry 
out its contract, again involved him in embarrassments from which 
it took a long time to recover. After a long struggle, however, his 
prospects began to brighten. Indeed, they seemed so flattering that 
he ventured to purchase a tract of land alongside of Bonharbor, 
which he wanted in order to command the whole coal field there. 
For this he gave $20,000, and cramped himself to make the first 
payment, confident that he would soon be in ample resources and 
easy again. But in this he was mistaken. Fortune was not yet 
tired of her pranks with him. Every thing went wrong with him- 
He became reckless, and his creditors concluded he was going to 
ruin. They sued him from all quarters, sold his property, until 
nearly every lot in Owensboro was gone, and he had owned more 
than half of the vacant property in the town. According to the 
laws of Kentucky, if land sold under execution does not bring two 
thirds its value, it may be redeemed in twelve months by paying 
ten per cent, per annum interest on the amount of sale. Mr. Trip- 
lett managed to redeem the lots which had been ■ sold. At a sub- 
sequent period he sold Haphazard for $13,000, 1,000 acres of the 
best land in the county, on the Ohio Eiver, one and a half miles 
from Owensboro, the mere buildings on which were worth more 
than half the money. 

In 1842 the tarifl" was raised, and an energetic impulse was given 
to the manufacturing business. Mr. Triplett owned the Bonharbor 

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coal mines and 2,000 acres of land, beginning about two miles 
below Owensboro, possessing great advantages for manufacturing. 
He built a small woolen factory for jeans and linseys, and after- 
ward pnrcliased cotton machinery to manufacture their warps. He 
attracted the custom of steamboats for his coal and with good suc- 
cess. He owned a vast amount of property in various portions of 
the State, some of which he sold to advantage, and ultimately 
reached a point of independence. 

Robert Triplett died in Philadelphia, in 1853, with cancer in the 
face. He had nine children. His oldest daughter, Ann, married 
J. Andrew White, of Petersburg, Va., and soon afterward died. 
Emily married Honorable George H. Yeaman, now of New York 
City. Virginia died a few years ago, unmarried. The oldest son, 
Eobert, Jr., died at the age of about twenty-one, in January, 1852, 
of erysipelas. 

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Under tlie above caption we classify such historical matters as 
relate to the organization oi' the county, the officers and representa- 
tives of the count}', political notes, election returns, the courts, 
and the bar. In the next chapter we give biographical sketches 
of the more prominent public men of the county, both of the past 
and of the present. As tlie public records are not complete in all 
departments, and the memory of the "oldest inhabitant" not 
quite able to give names and dates for every period back to the 
year one, there are a few blanks in some of the lists which we are 
not able to supply. 


Previous to 1780, Kentuckj' was a county of Virginia. In May 
this year it was divided into three counties — Jefferson, Fayette, 
and Lincoln; in 178i N"el8on Countj' was formed out of Jefferson; 
in 1792, after Kentucky became a State, Hardin was formed frort 
Nelson County; in 1798 Ohio was formed from Hardin; in 1815 
Daviess was formed out of Ohio; and in 1864 McLean County was 
formed from portions of Daviess, Muhlenburg and Ohio. Pre- 
vious to the latter date Daviess County extended south to Green 
River. At one time a small strip, containing about 150 settlers, 
was transferred from Ohio County to Daviess; in 1829 a piece was 
taken from Oaviess in the formation of Hancock County; and 
about iS57 tlie western line of this county was moved about four 
miles down tlie river. 

The following act, creating the county of Daviess, was approved 
January 14, 1815: 

CuAi'TER 0X0.^ — An Act for the erection of a new county out of 
the county <f Oh'/o. 

Skc. 1. Be 'd eiiacfid hy the General Assembly of the Vommon- 
we"ltk (f KmtucJcy, That from and after the first day of June 
nc.j, uil that part of the county of Ohio included within the fol- 
lowing bounds, to wit; Beginning at the mouth of Blackford's 

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Creek, tyience up the same to tlie mouth of the Horse Fork, thence 
np the same, so as to indude Joseph "Wright, thence to the upper 
end of the Crane Pond, on Panther Creek, thence a straight line 
to the head of Puck Creek, so as to include Baxter Davis, crossing 
the Hammond Ferry road, at tlie forks of tlie said road and the 
7ellow Bank road, and down the same to Green River, thence 
down Green River to the Henderson County line, thence with said 
line to the Ohio River, thence up the same to the beginning — 
shall be one distinct county, and called and known by the name of 
" Daviess." A court for the said county siiall ne held by the jus- 
tices thereof on the second Monday in every month in which the 
Circuit Courts are not hereafter directed to be held. 

Sko. 2. Be it further e/iaoted, Tliat the justices named in the 
commissions of the peace for said county of Daviess shall meet at 
the house of John Leaman, in said county of Daviess, on the first 
court day after the said division shall take place, and having taken 
the oaths prescribed by law, and a sheriff being legally qualified 
to act, the justices of the County Court shall proceed to appoint 
and qualify a clerk. 

Sec. 3. And he it further enacted. That Benjamin Fields, 
John Daveiss, David Glenn, Sr., John McFarland, Edward Hay- 
den and John Leaman, of said county of Daviess, be, and they are 
hereby, appointed commissioners to fix a place for the permanent 
seat of justice in the said county of Daviess, who shall meet at 
the time and place appointed for the first meeting of said justices, 
or as soon thereafter as the said commissioners can; and each 
having taken an oath before some justice of the peace to discharge 
the duties of a commissioner, in fixing on a seat of justice for the 
county of Daviess, without favor, affection, partiality or prejudice, 
according to the best of his skill and ability, they, or a majority of 
them, shall proceed to fix on a place for the permanent seat of 
justice for said county, having due regard to public convenience, 
of water and situation, as it respects the capacity of the land in 
said county for sustaining present and future population. And, 
having ascertained the place aforesaid, they shall certify under 
their hands the same to the County Court. 

And they, the said commissioners, for their services, shall be 
allowed each $2.00 per day for every day they shall necessa- 
rily be employed in performing their said duties, to be levied and 
paid out of the first county levy; and thenceforth the said County 
Court shall cause to be erected at such place the necessary public 

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buildings; and, until such buildings are erected, shall hold their 
several courts in the most convenient house to said place. Each 
court shall appoint its own clerk, a majority concurring therein; 
but a majority of tlioao present on any court day may appoint a 
dark pro tempore. 

Sec. 4. Be it farthet- enacted., That the Circuit Court for the 
county of Daviess shall be held annually on the second Monday 
in tlie months of April, July and October. 

Sioc. 5. And he it further enacted, Tliat it shall be lawful for 
the sherift" of the county of Ohio to collect and make distress for 
any public dues, and officers' fees, which shall remain unpaid by 
the inhabitants of the said county of Daviess at the time such 
division shall take place, and shall accoimt for the same in the 
same manner as if this act had not been passed. And the courts 
of the county of Ohio shall have jurisdiction of all actions and 
suits, either in law or equity, which shall be depending before them 
at the time of such division; and shall determine the same, issue 
process and award execution thereon. 

Seo. 6. lie it further enacted., That the citizens of the said county 
of Daviess shall vote for members to serve in the General Assem- 
bly, as joined with and making a part of the county of Ohio, in 
the same manner as heretofore, until the next apportionment of 
the ratio of representation by the Legislature of this Common- 
wealth, except that the sheriff of said county shall meet the sher- 
iff of the county of Ohio on the first Friday the election shall 
have closed at the court-house in Ohio County, and shall compare 
the polls and declare the election accordingly. 

Sp:c. 7. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of 
the circuit judge belonging to the said district to attend and pro- 
ceed in the Circuit Courts of the said county. 

The above act was approved just three days after the battle of 
New Orleans. Had the act not been passed until after the news of 
Jackson's victory there had been received, this county might have 
been named after that hero. 

During the following month the Legislature passed a supple- 
mental act, making it the duty of the surveyor of Ohio County, by 
himself or his deputy, to run out and plainly mark the line between 
the counties of Daviess and Ohio, and report the same to the court 
of each county; and also making it the duty of the commissioners 
to return lists of taxable property to the clerk of Daviess County, 

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This county was named after the eminent lawyer and military 
hero, Joseph Hamilton Daveiss, a sketch of whom appears on a 
subsequent page; but, by a mistake in enrolling the bill creating 
the county, during its passage through the Legislature, the name 
was spelled " Daviess;" and consequently the name of this county 
has since been spelled differently from that of the great Daveiss and 
of his descendants and relatives. Other names in this State have 
similarly suifered; as. Green, after General Greene; Muhlenburg, 
from Eev. and General Muhlenberg; Calloway, from Colanel 
Callaway; Menifee from Hon. Eichard H. Menefee, etc. 

This patriot has been remembered in other States; as, Jo Da- 
veiss County, 111.; Daviess County, or town, in several other 
States, etc. 


The original survey of the lands in this part of Kentucky, as in 
all the rest of the States, and even in all the older States, was done 
prior to the modern Government system of square-mile sections 
coincident with the cardinal points of the compass. Each tract 
of land was described with reference to adjoining tracts, and gen- 
erally had irregular boundary lines, which, of course, still exist. 
Several surveys were made, commencing at points or centers re- 
mote from and independent of each other. 

Previous to 1792, when "Ken-tuck-e " was under the segis of 
Virginia, that mother of States from time to time granted lands, 
sometimes large tracts, to her ex-soldiers, especially officers, of the 
Revolutionary war. These were called "military lands." Besides, 
she would also give " certificates, " or "land warrants," to any 
other party, for a stipulated fee. Each possessor of a warrant was 
allowed to "locate" his land where he pleased; and although 
required to be very precise in the recorded descriptions of their 
tracts, they were often too illiterate to fulfill the requirements of the 
law. Each owner was required to bear the expenses of the survey, 
and different surveyors were employed, some of them careless, 
who would work outward from the respective localities until they 
came into conflict. Hence, as immigration poured in, conflicts of 
claims became numerous and vexatious. Sometimes good farms 
were made, and finally lost by subsequent surveys, even after 
as many as twenty years occupancy. In one instance, in this 
county, as many as four surveys covered the same piece of ground! 
One surveyor in this part of the State commenced on Green Eiver, 


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another on the Ohio, another on Rough Creek, etc. The " Dela- 
port survey " below Owensboro was made by a Frenchman of that 
name, who, before completing his work, went to Philadelphia, fell 
in love with an actress, and forever after abandoned the survey. 
On one occasion a surveyor was running a line along where the 
present jail is located, not knowing that he was within five miles 
of the Ohio River. 

Generally, liowever, in order to lighten the expenses and dimin- 
ish the annoyances of a survey, a number of warrants would be 
thrown together, and parties would often settle by dividing the dif- 
ference. The lots which were first laid off in Rossboro (now 
Owensboro), lay one fourth over upon Madison's survey, and the 
parties settled by taking alternate lots on each side of the line. 

Daviess County at present contains about 420 square miles of 
territory. In 1837 about five voting places were established in the 
county. Under the Constitution of 1850, requiring precise bound- 
ary lines of precincts, seven were described by the County Court in 
this county; in 1867 nine were laid out, and since then, two more. 
These are all described in their respective histories toward the lat- 
ter part of the volume. 


The election returns, so far as they are now to be found on file 
in the office of the county clerk, are given on subsequent pages — 
complete returns for the county in this chapter and fragmentary 
returns in the respective precinct histories. 

During the days of Whiggism, Daviess County, in its aggregate 
vote, went sometimes one way and sometimes the other. It elected 
the Whig ticket 1816-'44, 1847-'8, 1850-'5; the American, or 
Know-lStothing, in 1856-'7; Union, 1861-'5; and Democratic all other 
years from 1845 to the present time. 

The first account we have of a local club being organized for the 
election of a Presidential candidate is that of the "Daviess 
County Clay Club," which was formed Peb. 22, 1844. Dr. Murray 
was elected President of the club, and addresses were delivered 
at the first meeting by Messrs. Weir, Johnson, Triplett and Mc- 
Farland. An oyster feast was given afterward by Mr. Heath. 

The election of Aug. 2, 1847, was very exciting. The Whig 
candidates for Congress were numerous, namely: F. Peyton J. 
II. McHenry, P. Gray, W. Green, and R. L. Waddell. Their 
claims were submitted to a convention, and R. L. Waddell of 

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Christian County, was selected. His Democrat opponent was 
Samuel Peyton, of Hartford, Ohio County, who was an advocate 
of the Mexican war and a defender of President Polk, while ,he 
former was opposed. The candidates for the Legislature were 
William R. Griffith and Finley W. Wall, both Whigs. The former 
had been a resident of this county more than thirty years, having 
come here, as he said, "when this region was a howling wilder- 
ness, and had seen it transformed to a smiling garden." Mr. Wall 
was only twenty-six years of age, but had many good qualities to 
commend him as a legislator. A greater number of votes were 
polled in this county than ever before — 830 in Owensboro alone, 
and 1,700 in the county. Griffith, who also was opposed to the 
proposed Constitutional Convention, fell behind Wall (in favor of 
the Constitutional Convention) by eight votes in the county. 
Waddell received 770. to 916 for Peyton. 

From Bon Harbor about forty voters for Wall came up in a 
very large cart, with wheels about twelve feet high, and drawn by 
nine yoke of oxen, and with banners streaming for Wall and Con- 
vention. Friends of both parties strained every nerve, and the 
old and the sick were all conveyed to the polls. 

The railroad tax, referred to under date of 1852 in the following 
table, was voted down in the county. It was for a road on the 
line of the present O. & N. road. In 1866-'7 the proposition 

The year 1856 was the period of the Know-Nothing victory in 
this county. 

An election of Representatives for the extra session of Congress 
was held on the 20th of June, 1861, in this district, then the 
Second. Captain James Jackson was the Union candidate, and 
John T. Bunch "Southern Rights." Jackson carried every 
county but Daviess, which gave Bunch 194 majority. About 1,700 
votes were cast. The district gave Jackson 6,220 majority. At this 
election Kentucky gave 40,000 or 50,000 majority for the Union. 

In the election of Aug. 3, 1863, the ticket headed by C. A. 
Wickliffe was stricken from the poll-books as being disloyal, un- 
der an order from General Boyle, of the United States Army. 
The majority of George H. Yeaman, Union, over J. H. McHenry, 
Southern Rights, was 298; in the district, over 5,000. The State 
Union ticket tliis year consisted of Bell (declined and T. E. Bram- 
lette substituted), Jacob, Harlan, Garrard, Page, Dawson, Steven- 
son, and Jolin S. McFarland. It was elected. 

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The election of Aug. 1, 1864, was not influenced by any mili- 
tary interference. J. G. Harrison was the Union Whig candidate 
for Sheriff, and A. J. McAtee the Union Democrat, whom the 
Southern Rights party supported, so far as they voted at all. Bat 
the election of August, 1865, was claimed by the Southern Rights 
men to be under military control and a farce. Mr. Fettit, editor 
of the Monitor^ among many others, was refused the privilege of 
voting, and he commented severely upon the administration, 
claiming that several loyal Democrats were debarred at the polls. 
In Owensboro a Federal soldier was stationed on each side of the 
door at the voting places. 

At the election of Aug. 6, 1866, the "Southern Rights" party 
was successful, as also at succeeding elections generally. Negroes 
were admitted to the franchise in 1867, and although their first 
vote, April 6, of that year, in Owensboro, was all given, except 
two, for the Republican ticket, the Democratic success was greater 
than before for several years. 

The election of April 15, 1867, was held for the purpose of de- 
termining whether the county should subscribe $10,000 shares, 
sufficient to constitute a capital stock of $250,000, in aid of the 
Owensboro & Russellville Railroad Company. The vote stood 
1,231 for, and 1,039 against it. 

The "presiding judge" referred to in one election was the title 
of the judge of the Quarterly Court, consisting of the ten magis- 
trates of the county, who had concurrent jurisdiction with the Cir- 
cuit Court in_ all except land cases. In 1867 the "Common Pleas" 
Court was established, but was soon abolished. It had original 
civil jurisdiction, but not criminal. It was also a Court of Appeal 
from the Quarterly Courts. 

In 1869 the " additional tax" was that of a certain amount for 
common schools. Although defeated in the county, it was carried 
by the State. 

In 1872 Mr. J. G. McFarland was elected to fill Jo Thomas' 
unexpired term. 

In 1876 the "road law" voted upon was that which referred to 
working the roads. It failed of adoption. 

In 1881 the two cents per $100 was for colored schools. Although 
the county of Daviess gave a majority against it, the proposition 
was carried by the State. 

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The election returns, as now on file in the county clerk's office, 
are complete for only a few years past, and these we give in this 
chapter. The fragmentary returns we give only in the respective 
precinct histories. 

ELECTION, AUG. 4, 1851. 

Archibald Dixon 831 

L. W. PowelL 816 

John G. McFarland »86 

Priest 548 

A. D. Crosby 887 

Haynes 695 

ELECTION, AUG. 3, 1852. 

Landrum 1101 507 

Veech 594 

Railroad Tax. 

For 406 

Against 1304 898 

ELECTION, AUG. 6, 1855. 

Campbell, Am elected. 

S. O. Peyton, anti-Am 


P. M. Daly elected. 

F. I. McLean 

ELECTION, AUG. .4, 1856. 

Circuit Olerk. 

J. P. Thompson, Am 897 33 

Joseph Thomas, anti-Am. . . .875 


J. G. Harrison, Am 950 40 

J. G. McFarland, anti-Am. . .916 

Circuit Judge. 

James Stuart, Am 635 

J.Kincheloe 069 34 

CommonweiiUh''i .Htorney. 
B. H. Helm, Am 833 

ELECTION, AUG. S, 1857. 

Wm. K. Wall, Am. . . 

A.Cosby, anti-Am about 35 

S. O. Peyton, auli-Am 400 

J . L. Johnson, Am 

ELECTION, AUG. 1, 1859. 

Beriah Magoffin, dem 100 

J.F.Bell, Am 


John G. McFarland, dem 137 

Thomas Landrum, opp 

County Clerk. 

M. L. Ogden, opp 31 

Thos. G. Watkins, dem 

ELECTION, AUG. 6, 1860. 

H. W. Scott, dem 

John Locke 

County Attorney. 

J. H. McHenry 

J. R. Claybrook 

Appellate Clerk. 

Clinton McClarty, S. R 

R. R. Bowling, ind. dem 

Leslie Combs, opp 

ELECTION, AUG. 5, 1861. 
Representative . 
C. T. Noel, Southern rights... 
Geo. H. Teaman, union 75 


Wm. Anthony, union elected. 

W. Vance, S. R 5 

ELECTION, AUG. 4, 1863. 
Circuit Clerk. 

Jo.seph Thomas, union 861 elected. 

H. O.Hart, 8. R 

Jo Harrison 917 

Appellate Judye. 
R.K.Williams 719 

Cirr.Jiil Jvdye. 

W. B. Wall 808 I.'iS 

James Stuart 115 

Coiiiiiionwi'dllh's AUvriii'ji. 

J.Cbapezo M) 2!!-) 

J. Hairison '<!01 

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County Judge.. 

A.. G. Botts (IBS 

F. M. Beers 321 

Gounty Clerk. 
J. O'Brien 845 

County Attorney. 
W. S. McParlaiid 808. 



V. L. Moseley. 



H. W. Scott 

J. W. Rumsey 497, elected. 



ELECTION, OCT. 27, 1862. 

Geo. H. Teaman, union 565 

Edward R. Weir. 



ELECTION, NOV. 8, 1864. 


Geo. B. McClellan, dem 1124 1097 

A. Lincoln, rep 27 

H. W. Scott 1904 

i. W. Onan, dem 1863 

J. J. Talbott 162 

Sam. Jewell, dem 41 

J. T. Moseley, dem 94 


H. O'Bryan, Union 626 

Brown 536 

Road Tax. 

For 936 

Against 536 

ELECTION, AUG. 6, 1866. 
Appellate Clerk. 

Alvin Duvall x^nx 

Hobsou 495 

County Judge. 

E. C. Berry 489 

G. "W. Triplett 1444 

John S. McFarland CIO 

County Clerk. 

Duncan 198 

J. M. Hughes 447 

O'Brien 642 

Jones 1138 


E. A. Hathaway 7-33 

W. H. Perkins 1576 

County Attorney. 

Taylor 1443 

T. E. Crutcher: 546 


Railroad Subscription. 

For 1231 193 

Against 1039 

ELECTION, AUG. 5, 1867. 

John L. Helm, S. R 1618 1468 

W. B. Kinkead, union dem . 150 

S. M. Barnes, rep 58 

Circuit Judge. 

Geo. W. Williams, dem 711 685 

J. L. Johnson, union dem.. . 126 

Cmr.mon Pleas Judge. 
C. G. Wintcrsmith, union. ..1055 562 
L. P. Little 493 

■ Representative. 

J. Veech, union dem 747 

J. W. Moseley, dem 834 87 

H. C. McPherson S3 

ELECTION, AUG 3, 1868. 

J. W. Stevenson, dem -.2475 2415 

Baker, union 60 

Circuit Judge. 

Geo. W. Williams, dem 2413 

Commonwealth's Attorney. 

Baker Boyd, S. R 1070 

R. Y. Bush, dem 140 

Geo. W. Swoope, dem 1226 

Circuit Clei-k. 

J. P. Thompson, S. R 1769 937 

M. L. Ogden, dem 842 


H. W. Scott 2493 


I. W. Sutherland, U. dem. .1836 1467 

W. Carico, S. R 369 

Pearl 40 

ELECTION, NOV. 3, 1868. 

H. Seymour, dem 2415 2191 

U. S. Grant, rep 218 


W. N. Sweeney, dem 2360 2286 

Samuel Langley, union 174 

ELECTION, AUG. 2, 1869. 

State Treasurer. 

James W. Tate, dem 1295 1073 

B.R. Wing, rep 222 

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Ed. Hawes, S. R 1538 


C. Griffith, union dem 1394 1088 

J. W. Gabbert 306 

County Attorney. 
V. T. Crawford, 8. R 1847 

School Tax. 

For 524 

AgaiDBt 1246 723 

ELECTION, AUG. 2, 1870. 
Appellate Judge. 

Wm. Lindsay 1948 

G.W.Williams 136 

Oireuit Judge. 

M.F. Gofer 2021 

OourUy Judge. 

G. W. Triplett 2048 

A. G. Botts 804 

County Clerk. 

Thomas C. Jones 2029 

Moore 802 

County Attorney. 
W.T. Ellis 2056 

Haynes 698 


H. W. Scott 2076 

Maddux 783 


I. W. Sutherland 2066 

Mayo 786 

Wm. Onan 2087 

Woolen 785 


A. J. McAtee 1978 

Littell 796 

ELECTION, NOV. 8, 1870. 

H. D. McHenry, un. dem ... 1197 603 
W. J. Rothrock 594 

ELECTION, AUG. 7, 1871. 


P. H. Leslie, 8. R 2478 1582 

J. M. Harlan, rep 896 

Clint. Griffith, un. dem 1789 645 

8. H.Jesse, S.R.. 
F.H. Roberts, rep.. 

. .1144 

ELECTION, NOV. 5, 1872. 

Horace Greeley, lib. rep 2035 947 

U. S. Grant, rep 1088 

ELECTION, AUG. 12, 1874. 

Appellate Clerk. 

T. C. Jones 2807 

J. B. Cochran 398 

Circuit Judge. 

L. P. Little 1600 271 

James Montgomery 582 

James Stuart 1329 

Commonwealth's Attorney. 

Jo Haycraft 1444 

EliH.Brown 1699 255 

Circuit Clerk. 
P. F. Conway 3871 

County Judge. 

Geo. W. Triplett 2085 238 

Geo. W. Jolly 1847 

County Attorney. 

Wm. T. Ellis 3423 


Henry W. Scott 3349 


J. W. Slaughter 2786 

J. M. Lanham 516 


Geo. W. Mathis 2318 


RobertFrey 8267 

Wm. T.AuU 3321 

ELECTION, AUG. 2, 1875. 

-James B. McCreary, S. R.. 2476 1458 

John M. Harlan, rep 1023 


W. J. Taylor, 8. R 2287 ) , , 

J. G. Ford, 8. R 1907 f e'ectea. 

A. J. Philpot, rep 1050 

C. W. Gordon 2113 

ELECTION, AUG. 7, 1876. 
Circuit Judge. 

G. W. Ray, un 

J. A. Murray, dem. 




J. H. Gates, dem 2380 738 

R. R. Ooomes, dem 1642 

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Road Lcm. 

For 300 

Against 8088 2788 

ELECTION, NOV. 3, 1876. 

8. J. Tilden, dem 3369 3089 

R. B. Hayes, rep 1130 

G. C. Smith, pro 1380 

James A. Mc Kenzie, S. R..3809 3378 
J. Z. Moore, un 931 

ELECTION, AUG. 6, 1877. 
State Treas^irer. 

James W. Tate, S. R 1575 1338 

Isaac H. Trabue 337 


C. Griffith, dem 1797 1187 

V. P. Stateler 640 


C. K. Tharp, dem 1971) , , 

A. Craycroft, dem 1737 j ^leciea. 

J. A. Shackleford 303 

ELECTION, NOV. 5, 1878. 

J. A. McKenzie, dem 1186 872 

John W. Feighan, rep 264 

Francis M. English, gbk 154 

ELECTION, AUG. 5, 1879. 
Appellate Judge. 
Thos. H. Hines 8168 

County Judge. 

H.W. Scott 2889 

Geo. W. Jolly 1693 

County Attorney. 

John L. McFarland 3732 

County Clerk. 

M. S. Mattingly 3554 


Ed. C. Davis 3584 3857 

E. S. Worthington 237 


Gideon All good 3397 3102 

C. W. Thomas 295 


C. "W. Gordon 3388 


J. W. Funk 3119 

ELECTION, AUG. 4, 1879. 


Luke P. Blackburn, dem. . .1920 150 

Walter Evans, rep 418 

C.W. Cook, gbk 283 

R. W. McFarland, dem.2077 > „,.„.-d 
James Rudy, S. R 2030 \ e^ectea. 

E. S. Worthington.gbk 241 

Eugene O'Flynn, gbk 396 

Constitutional Convention. 

For 667 587 

Against 80 

Local Option or License. 

For 340 

Againit 588 248 

ELECTION, AUG. 3, 1880. 
Circuit Judge. 

Lucius P. Little, dem 2869 1065 

James Stuart, ind 1604 

Commonwealth's Attorney. 

Joseph Noe, dem 3159 

Josepli Haycraft, dem 2048 

Circuit Clerk. 

F. F. Conway 8358 


Ed. C. Davis. 


E. Edwards 2911 

ELECTION, AUG. 1, 1881. 
State Treasurer. 

J. W.Tate 1457 


J. A. Munday 1571 


Geo. V. Triplett, dem 1529 

J. H.Rudy, dem 1554 

Both elected. 

A. B.Miller, dem 1133 


P.W.Clark 460 94 

G. W. Mathis 436 

J. B. Whelan 310 

ELECTION, AUG. 7, 1882. 
Judge of Superior Court. 

J. H. Bowden, dem 2146 

Appellate Cleri. 

Thos. J Henry, S. R., 2013 1610 

R. T. Jacob, S. R 403 

County Judge. 

H. W. Scott, dem 2263 

County Attorney. 

Martin Yewell, dem 2327 

County Clerk. 
M. S. Mattingly, dem 2306 

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A. B. Miller, dem 1937 1352 

J. J. Christian, rep 575 

E. Edwards, dem 2353 

Geo. M. Hayden 3210 


G. A. Allgood 2385 

School Tax. 

For 607 

Against 1907 


The following embraces the persons who have filled the various 
official positions in connection with the government and organiza- 
tion of the county : 


Henry P. Broadnax 1815-'2 

Alney McLean 1822-'4 

John Calhoon 1842-'5 

John P. Devereux 1851 

Jesse W. Kincheloe 1851-'56 

James Stuart 1856-'67 

James L. Johnson 1867 

George W. Williams 1867-'70 

Martin H. Gofer 1870-'74 

James Stuart 1874-'80 

Lucius P. Little 1880 

Beside these, special judges were appointed at various times, 
among whom were John H. McHenry and Greorge H. Yeaman. 


George Handley 1815-'27 

Horace Allen 1827-'32 

John S. McFarland 1832-'45 

William B. "Wall 1845-'56 

John P. Thompson 1856-'62 

Ward Payne 1862 

Joseph Thomas 1862-'68 

M. L. Ogden 1868 

John P. Thompson 1868-'72 

Jo Thomas 1872 

John G. McFarland 1872-'74 

Frank F. Conway 1874 

The first Clerk, George Handley, is still, or was recently, living 
at Hodginsville, Ky. He retained the position till April, 1827, 
when he resigned the duties of the office. Horace Allen, who had 
previously acted as Deputy, became Clerk. Allen died while in 
office, and was succeeded by John S. McFarland, who resigned the 
position October, 1845. John' P. Thompson also died while serv- 
ing as Clerk." 

commonwealth's atioenbts. 

Henry Davidge 

John H. McHenry 1831 

Alfred Allen 1841-'51 

B. Hardin Helm 1856 

Cicero Maxwell 1858 

John Chapeze 1862 

Baker Boyd 1868 

Jo Haycraft 1874 

Joseph Noe 1880 

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Cliarles Y. Duncan 18Lj-'21 

Williiim Glenn 1831-28 

Jolm Piles 182H-'-35 

Rcraus Griffith lWr,-'37 

J. Leman 1837-'39 

Warner Crow 1839-'31 

John Daveiss 1831-03 

R. C. Jett 1833-'35 

S. Hawes 1835-'37 

E. McCreery 1837-'38 

R. C. Jett 1838-'39 

William Newton 1839-'41 

William B. Baird 1841 

Joseph M. Potts 1841-'43 

John G. Howard 1843-'45 

Henry Dui;au 1 845'-47 

Abiiei- Lee 1847-'49 

C. D. Ja.kson 1849-'51 

Thomas Landrnm 1851-'55 

Joscjib G. Harrison 1855-'59 

John Loclie 1859-'63 

Joseph G. Harrison 1863-'G6 

W. H. Perkins 1866-'C8 

H. W. Scott 1868-72 

W. H. Perkins 1873-'74 

H. W. Scott., 1874-'76 

J. H. Gates 1876-'78 

Ed. C. Davis 1878-'82 

A. B. Miller 1882 


James W. Johnson 1815-'33 

Rich. F. Bibb 18:<3-'34 

Geo. W. Trjplett 1834-'50 

S. D. Shepherd 1850-'54 

R. R. Coomes 1854-'58 

H. W. Scott 1858-68 

I. W. Sutherland 1868-74 

Robert Frey 1874 

E. Turner 1874-'75 

C. W. Gordon 1 875-'79 

E. Edwards 1880 


Thos. W. Watkins 1850-'54 

Geo. H. Yeaman 1854-'58 

A. G. Bolts 1858-'66 

Geo. W. Triplett, elected. . 1866'-70-'74 
H.W.Scott 1879 


John H.Todd 

Wm. N. Sweeney. . 

Henry Smith 


W- S. McFarland. 
Amos R. Taylor. . . 

C. Riley 

V. T. Crawford 

W .T. Ellis 1876-'80 

Martin Yewell . . .1882 

Joseph Noe 1882 


Wm. R. Griffith 1815-'18 

George Handley 1819-28 

Horace Allen 1829-30 

J. S. MoFailand • . .1831 

Wm. B. Wall 1851-'56 

Graham Hughes 18r)6-'58 

James B. Watkins 1858-60 

Jesse Moore 1862 

M. L. Ogden 1860 

John O'Brien 1882 

Thos. C. Jones ,1866-'74 

M. 8. Mattingly .1872 



John Handley (died in 1816). ..1814 

Beuj. Duncan 1817 

James Hillyer 1818 

James Johnston ) 

N. D. Anderson. . j 

Benj. Duncan I wono .n, 

Robert Stephens \ ^^^^- ^^ 

Wm. R. Griffith ]831-'35 

Anselm Watkins 1835-'39 

Wm. R Griffith 1839-'43 

Fiancis Peyton 1843- '47 

Geo. W. Triplett 1849 

Camden Riley 1850 

John G. McFarland 1851-'53 

John S. McFarland 1853-'57 

A. D.Cosby 1857-'61 

Wm. Anthony 1861-'65 

Edwin Hawes 1869-'78 

Geo. W. Swoope 1873-'77 

C. Griffith 1877.'81 

J. A. Munday 1881-'85 

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Benj. Duncan 1816 

Wm. Glenn 1817 

Benj. Duncan 1818-'19 

Warner Crow 1820 

John Roberts 1823 

Phil. Triplett •. . . . 1824 

Nestor Clny 1825 

John S. McFarland 1820 

John Boberts 1827 

James W. Johnson 1828 

Wm. R. Griffith 1829 

Simpson Stout 1830 

John Roberts 1831 

Richard Lockhart 1833 

John B. Hinton 1833 

Wm. T. Sharpe 1834 

Wm. R. Griffith 1835 

Robert Griffith 1836 

Wm. Anthony • 1887 

Wm. Newton 1838 

Warner Crow 1839 

George W. Triplett 1840-'41 

Warner Crow 1843-'43 

James L. Johnson 1844 

Camden Riley 1845 

John P. Devereux 1846 

Finley W. Wall 1847 

John H. McFarland 1..848 

Ben. Johnson 1849 

John S. McFarland 1850.'51 

A. D. Co-by 1851.'53 

Daniel M. Griffith 1853-'55 

Andrew Jones 1855-'57 

Francis M. Dailey 1857-'59 

John G. McFarland 1859-'61 

Geo. H. Ycaman 1861-'62 

John S. McFarland 1862.'e5 

Josiah Vee-'^ 1865-'67 

John W. Mo..eley 1867-'69 

Clinton Griffith. . . 1869'.'73 

Ben Stout 1873-'75 

W. J. Taylor 187.5-'77 

J. G. Ford 1875-77 

C K. Tharp 1877-'79 

A. Cravcroft 1877-'79 

R. W. McFarland 1879-'81 

James H. Rudy 1879-'80 

Geo. V. Triplett 1881-'83 

James H. Rudy 1881-'83 

In 1788, when this portion of Kentucky was Nelson County, it 
was represented by John Steele and Matthew Walton, in the con- 
vention which ratified the present Constitution of the United 

Of the earliest justices of the peace, we mention the names of 
John Calhoon, an eminent lawyer and great man; John Daveiss, 
who was acting in 1818; and Warner Crow, who had the office at 
least from 1818 to 1823. 


Circuit Court. — The Fourteenth Judicial Circuit (or District) 
was erected by the Legislature of 1821, and comprised the counties 
of Mnhienburg, Hopkins, Union, Henderson, Daviess, Brecken- 
ridge and Ohio. Although this county is not actually named in 
the law, it was doubtless contained in the above district. 1 Litt. 
Laws, 400. 

By Morehead & Brown's Digest of 1834, the Fourteenth Dis- 
trict was made to comprise Mnhienburg, Butler, Ohio, Daviess. 
Breckenridge and Hancock counties. 

By the Revised Statutes of 1852 the Third District was created 
with the following counties: Breckenridge, Hancock, Daviess, 
Muhlenbnrg, Ohio, Grayson, Meade, LaRue and Hardin. 

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By act of 1856 the Third District comprised Breckenridge, Han- 
cock, Daviess, McLean, Ohio, Grayson, Meade, LaRue and Hardin 

By act of 1868 the Fifth Judicial District was created thus: 
Breckenridge, Hancock, Daviess, Ohio, Grayson, Hardin, Meade. 

By act of 1880, the Fourth Circuit was made to consist of Han- 
cock, Daviess, Ohio and McLean counties. 

All the above may be very neatly tabulated as follows: 


Muhlenburg. . 



Henderson. . . 
Breckenridge . 

























. 1 













At present the Circuit Court for Daviess County convenes the 
first Monday in March and September and the third Monday in 
January and July. Lucius P. Little is the present Judge. For a 
complete list of the circuit judges, see a preceding page in this 
chapter. Tho January and July terms are Criminal Courts. From 
1875 to 1880 there were two judges, — a criminal and a circuit. 
John Allen Murray was the Criminal Judge and James Stuart the 
"Circuit" or "Civil." 

The records of this court are complete from the organization of 
the county in 1815 to the present time. As a matter of interest 
and curiosity in this historical work we will copy the first proceed- 
ings of this body : 

" At a Circuit Court began and held for the county and circuit 
of Daviess at the house of Thomas Moseley, Sr., at the Yellow 
Banks in said county on Monday, the 9th day of October, 1815, 
and in the twenty-fourth year of the Commonwealth, were present 
the Hon. Henry P. Broadnax; George Calhoon and Anthony 
Thompson, Esquires. 

"The court proceeded to the appointment of a clerk, a majority 
concurring therein, and to appoint George Handley, Clerk of the 
Court, he having produced to the court a certificate from the Hon. 
John Boyle, "William Cogan and "William Owsley, Judges of the 

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Court of Appeals, and attested by Achilles Sweet, Esq., their 
clerk, certifying that he, the said George Handley, has been exam- 
ined bv their clerk in their nresence and under their direction, and 
that they deem him well qualified to discharge the duties of clerk 
to any County Court, Circuit Court, or court of equal dignity 
within this Commonwealth. 

" And thereupon the said George Handley took the oath required 
by the Federal Constitution, the oath required by the Constitution 
of this State, the oath of oflBce, and the dueling oath, — which oaths 
were administered to him by this court, and entered into bond 
in the penalty of $10,000 with Joseph Allen, Benj. Duncan, An- 
thony Thompson, Charles Y. Duncan and William E. Griflith, 
his securities, and which bond is in words and figures following, to 

" Know all men by these presents, That we, George Handley, 
Joseph Allen, Benjamin Duncan, Anthony Thompson, Charles Y. 
Duncan and William R. Griffith, are held and firmly bound unto 
the Commonwealth of Kentucky in the penal sum of $10,000, cur- 
rent money, and for the payment whereof we bind ourselves, our 
heirs, etc., jointly and severally, firmly by these presents, sealed 
with our seals, and dated this 9th day of October, 1815. 

" The condition of the above obligation is, that if the above bound 
George Handley, who has this day been appointed clerk of the Cir- 
cuit Court of Daviess Couii!;', shall truly and faithfully discharge 
the duties of said office according to law, then the above obligation 
to be void, else to remain in full force and value. 

Geobgb' Handley, [skal.] 

Jo. Allen, [seal.] 

Executed in the presence of Benj. Duncan, [seal.] 

Heney p. Beoadnax, Judge!''' Charles Y. Duncan, [seal.] 

Anthony Thompson, [seal.] 
Wm. R. Geiffith. [seal.] 

federal judicial district. 

As early as 1868 a movement was set on foot for sccui-itig the 
establishment at Owensboro of the seat of a new Federal Judicial 
District. In the following winter a bill was introduced in Con- 
gress for the creation of an additional district for Kentucky, and 
Owensboro, Paducah and Bowling Green became competing points 
for the hea(^»arters. 

In February, 1880, the friends of Owensboro prepared an elabo- 

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rate memorial to Congress, settincr forth the arguments in favor of 
establishing a Federal Court here. A bill was accordingly intro- 
duced appropriating $50,000 for the erection of public buildings 
and the purchase of a suitable site in Ovvensboro, and vigorously 
advocated by Ploti. J. A. MoKenzie, from tliis district. But Con- 
gress adjourned, June 16, without taking action on the bill. 

In December, 1880, a petition was signed by fifty prominent 
citizens, requesting the Owensboro City Council to appropriate 
$200 or more to defray the expenses of two or more influential 
citizens to Washington to aid in securing the passage of that bill, 
or a similar one. J. A. Manday and J. Z. Moore were selected to 
attend to this errand; but the bill is still pending. The bill pro- 
vides for a building which shall serve both as a Federal Court 
building and a custom-house. 

Appellate Court. — The Fourth Appellate District of Kentucky 
embraces the counties of Ballard, Butler, Caldwell, Calloway, Crit- 
tenden, Christian, Daviess, Edmonson, Fulton, Grayson, Graves, 
Hancock, Henderson, Hickman, Hopkins, Livingston, Lyon, Lo- 
gan, Marshall, McCracken, McLean, Muhlenburg, Ohio, Simpson, 
Trigg, Todd, Union, Warren and Webster. 


The county judge is the presiding judge of the County Court, 
which is held the third Monday of each month. In October of 
each year the justices sit with him, for the purpose of making the 
county levy and appropriations from the county funds. Sitting 
alone, the county judge has jurisdiction of matters of probate, ap- 
pointment of guardians, granting licenses, supervision of all the 
public roads in the county, etc. 

On the first Monday of February, May, August and November, 
the county judge holds a quarterly court, in which he exercises 
civil jurisdiction in cases where the claims do not exceed $200. 

The above system was inaugurated with the present Constitution, 
in 1850. Before that time the justices held the County Courts 
which were presided over by the senior justice. Justices and con- 
stables were appointed by the Governor. 

County Court. — This meets the third Monday of each month, 
11. W. Scott, Judge; M. S. Mattingly, Clerk; Martin Yewell, 
County Attorney; A. B. Miller, Sheriff; Gideon AUgood, Assessor. 

Court of Chdms. — Meets the third Monday in October. H. 
W. Scott, Judge. This court is held to levy taxes, audit claims, etc 

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Qiinrtirly Court. — Tliis is held the first Monday in February, 
Mav, August !ind November. 11. W. Scott is the present Judge. 

Miygistratc's' Courts. — These are held in the respective precincts. 
Sec the precinct histories. Justices of the peace, or magistrates, 
and constables, are elected the first Saturday in May — -the justices 
for four 3'^eara and the constables for two years, their terms com- 
mencing on the first of June following. 


An association of the lawyers was organized In Owensboro, in 
1879. W. T. Owen is President, and J. A. Deane, Secretary, and 
W. L. Burton, Treasurer. 

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As more extended notices arc required of many of the officials 
of Daviess County, including State and Government officers and 
representatives who have resided within the li mits of this county, 
we devote a chapter to them; and as a miitter of convenience we 
wiil include all the members of the present bar, and many of the 
past, in our sketches, and follow an alphabetical arrangement. 

E. G. Adams, attorney at law and Justice of the Peace, is a son 
of Elisha and Artemeaia (West) Adams, and was born in Upper- 
town, Oct. 7, 18i9. He received a common-school education, and 
by close application was qualified to teach. In 1870 he went to 
Louisiana, but the climate did not agree with him and he returned 
after an absence of a year and settled on a farm in Lowertown. 
He taught school about a j^ear, and in 1873 managed his farm, 
hiring the labor. In 1878 he was elected Justice of the Peace for a 
term of four years, and in 1882 was re-elected. He was married 
April 15, 1869, to Mary Catherine, daughter of Richard C. and 
Sarah J. (Barrett) Fuqua. His wife died Aug. 16, 1879. They 
had three children — Mary Lou and Lou Ella, born Aug. 28, 1870, 
died in April, 1874; Helen Y., born July 28, 1878, is now living 
with Mr. Fuqua. After the death of his wife Mr. Adams moved 
into town and gives his attention to the duties of his office and the 
practice of his profession. He was admitted to the bar Jan. 20, 
1883. He belongs to the I. O. O. F., K. of P., and I. O. G. T. 
He was also Master of Progressive Grange, and a member of the 
(bounty and State Grange. He has delivered lectures on temper- 
ance; at the last one he had his horse stolen. Mr. Adams is a 
member of Walnut Street Baptist Church, and was elected Deacon 
when twenty-six years of age. 

Gideon A. Allgood was born in Yadkin County, IST. C, Jan. 27, 

1848. His father, James Allgood, was born in North Carolina, 

in 1811, and came to Daviess County in 1855, where he died 

March 10, 1860. His mother, Amelia (Hudspeath) Allgood, was 

born in North Carolina in 1812, and died in 1877, leaving four 

children — Nathan B., JmiuL., Fiza A. and Gideon. Mr. Allgood 


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was reared on a farm, and went to school at intervals until twenty- 
four years of age. He is a single man. In 1872 he was elected 
Constable to till out the terra of Eobert Ellis, resigned. He served 
as Deputy Sheriff a year and a half, and as Deputy Assessor two 
years. In 1878 he was elected Assessor, and re-elected in 1882. 
He is a member of the Baptist church, and of Telvington Lodge 
No. 693, A. F. & A. M. 

Wra. Anthony, lawyer, was a member of the Legislature from 
this county during the war. He was learned, refined, able and 
witty. He stood firm on the side of the Union all through the 
war. As a lawyer he was of course shrewd and ready. He could 
with wonderful ease, yet perfect politeness, entrap any crooked wit- 
ness whom he might be called upon to examine. He died some 
years ago. 

J. D. Atchison, attorney at law and ex-County Superintendent 
of Schools was born in this county Dec. 31, 1852. His father, 
Austin Atchison, was born in Yirgiuia in 1807, and was of 
Scotch parentage. He was a farmer in good circumstances, until 
1865, at which time he lost his slaves and other property. He 
died in 1875. Mr. Atchison's mother, Lucy (Moseley) Atchison, 
was a native of Kentucky and died in 1865. His parents were 
married in 1850. Owing to defective vision he did not learn to 
read until ten years of age, at which time he attended a county 
school one month, having procured a lens which enabled him to see 
sufficiently well to study. He was very small and sickly until six- 
teen years of age; he then again attended a county school. All of 
his leisure time had been spent in hard study, but a want of proper 
books was a great obstacle to his progress. A friend, E. H. Bryan, 
gave him great assistance in the sciences. In 1868 Prof. W. Alex- 
ander established Oakland Seminary, near the farm of Mr. Atchi- 
son's father, and at once took great interest in J. D., who was his 
pupil four years. He attended the school only during a part of 
the winter session, but took private lessons during the entire year. 
At the age of twenty Mr. Atchison borrowed money of his 
father, with which to buy suitable clothing, and started out to take 
care of himself. He went to Henderson County, where he was en- 
gaged nearly a year in teaching school, for which he was paid sixty 
dollars a month. With a part of this money he repaid his father, 
and 1' 3 remainder he spent in the pursuit of his studies at school, 
where^ he organized a club, and "ojched" at an expense not ex- 
ceedirg $1.25 per week. 

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Iri IS 74 Mr. Atchison accepted a professorship in West Ken- 
tucky College, at South G'irroltoii, Kv., which position he held 
two years. He was thns again associated with his former precep- 
tor, Prof. Alexander, who held the first position in the school. 
"When quite young Mr. Atchison had determined to study law, 
and in 1876 he resigned his position in the school and commenced 
the course of study in his chosen profession. Partly from poverty, 
and ])artly from a fixed principle that every one ought to acquire 
knowledge by his own efforts, he determined not to enter a law 
school. He came to Owensboro, and in June, 1876, entered the law 
office of Hon. W. N. Sweeney, where he remained four years. He 
was admittea to tne bar in March, 1877, and in May, 1879, he was 
married to Miss Blanche Hermon, of Muhlenburg County, Ky., 
one of his former pupils. In 1880, when Judge James Stuart's 
term as Circuit Judge expired, he and Mr. Atchison formed a «o- 
partnership^ which still continues under the firm name of Stuart 
& Atchison. For a number of years Mr. Atchison was School 
Commissioner of Daviess County. 
S. C. Barrett is an attorney at law, resident at Whitesville. 
HoTi,. George M. Bibh. Although but a few years a resident of 
Daviess County, yet the prominence of Judge Bibb entitles him to 
a special notice in this chapter. He was born in Prince Edward 
County, Ya., Oct. 30, 1776, and was the son of Richard Bibb, an 
Episcopal clergyman of great learning. His earliest recollections 
were of the struggle for American Independence, which began at 
his birth. He was well educated, a graduate of Hampton Sydney 
and also of William and Mary Colleges, and in his 1 atter days was 
the oldest surviving graduate of each. Studying his profession 
with that distingiiished lawyer. Judge Yenable, he practiced in 
Virginia a short time, and removed to Lexington, Ky., in 1798, 
and was soon numbered among the ablest and soundest in a State 
already prominent for great lawyers. Jan. 31, 1808, he was ap- 
pointed one of the Judges of the Court of Appeals by Governor 
Greenup; and by Judge Scott, its Chief Justice, May 30, 1809, but 
resigned in March, 1810; and again, by Governor Desha, was 
appointed Chief Justice the second time Jan. 5, 1827, but resigned 
Dec. 23, 1828. 

Judge Bibb was twice elected to the U. S. Senate, — first in 1811, 
but resigned in 1814, and second in 1829, serving the full tern of 
six years. During the war of 18"! 3, he, in the Senate, and Wil iam 
Lowndes and Je C. Caltoun, of South Carolina, and Benry 

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Clay, in the IJ. S. House of Representatives, formed what was 
called the "War Mess" of the Madison administration — from 
having supported the war and the President with snch great talent, 
vigor and zeal. He settled in Frankfort in 1816. From 1835 to 
1844 Judge Bibb held the important position of Chancellor of the 
Louisville Chancery Court, but resigned to become Secretary of 
the Tj'easury in the cabinet of his old colleague in the U. S. Senate, 
President Tyler, holding it to the close of his Presidential term. 
Thenceforward, until his death, April 14, 1859, he practiced law 
in the courts of the District of Commons, most of the time in the 
position of chief clerk in the department of the U. S. Attorney 
General, but really doing the duties now required of the Assistant 
Attorney General, an office established for the very labors per- 
formed by him. 

Judge Bibb was a profound scholar, and a great mathematician, 
as well as a most eminent jurist. He had an iron frame and an 
ardent tempt'rament; was capable of gi-eat endurance and labor, 
and liable to great bursts of indignation when roused. He married 
a daughter of General Charles Scott, who bore him twelve children. 
In 1832 he married again in Washington City, his second wife 
bearing him five children. His brother, Jolm B. Bibb, was a 
member of the Kentucky I,egislature, and in the State Senate 
lS30-'34. Judge Bibb died April 14, 1850, aged eighty- three 

Baker Boyd, born Aug. 9, 1836, in Shelby County, Ky. . 
is a son of William G. and Jane (Ligget) Boyd. Ills father 
was a native of Virginia, born Oct. 14, 1783, and moved to 
Sheli)y County. Ky., when nineteen j'ears of age. Ho was, 
Sheriff of Shelby County twenty years under the old Consti- 
tution. He represented his district in tiie State Lower House 
and Senate ten years. He was married three times. His 
first wife was Agnes Shannon, born Sept. 1, 1787. To them were 
born tliree children — Samuel L., born Sept. 4, 1806; Mehitai)lc, 
Feb. 1-'. 1808; Martha Ann, Oct. 39, 1n01». His second wile was 
Mary Newland, born April 18, 17^."'. They had two cliildrou- - 
William Wallace, horn April L'3, 1815, an.l Jolm ISTowland, J:ui, 
23, 1817. His tliird wife was Mrs. .lane ', Ligget) Newhuid. Her 
first husband was AVilliam Newiand, rind to tlieui were born two 
children — lames L. and Ann Titaria. lOight .'.liiidicn were Ix/r'i to 
Mr. and Mrs. Boyd— George Wasiiingtoii, l„,iii Dee s, I -.-ju. mar 
ried Emily INLnre, of Balhud Conntv. Ky., and ii:;d i'.ixi in>iis-- 

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John, Ligwet and Henry; Celeste, born July 30, 1832, married 
Green Stewart, and had the following children: Wallace, Clarence, 
Digges, Boyd, Jolin, Charles, William, Jennie, Sallie, Celeste; 
Columbus, born Dec. 12, 1824, married William 11. Digges, Sept. 
4, 1846, and had one son, William H. ; Christopher C, bcwn Sept. 
6, 1826; Robert L., born Sept. 18, 1828, married Margaret Mc- 
Clarty, and had four children — J. Allen, Charles L., Henry D. and 
Mary L.; Jane, born Sept. 17, 1828, married James L. McClure, 
and had five children— Ligget, Logan, William, Jennie and James; 
Henry C, born Ang. 14, 1833, died Sept. 11, 1864; Baker, subject 
of this sketch. William G. Boyd moved to Hancock County and 
lived about thirty years. In 1860 he moved to Breckenridge 
County, where he died in 1863. When about twenty years old. 
Baker Boyd entered the county and circuit clerk's office of Brecken- 
ridge County, under Joe Allen, Clerk of the county, and remained 
there two years. He began studying law with Ben Munroe, United 
States Judge of the State of Kentucky, who was at the same time 
teaching a law school in Frankfort. After studying a year he was 
licensed to practice by two judges of the Court of Appeals, and 
established himself at Hawesville, Ky. Eight months later, in 
1860, he removed to Blandville, where he remained till the break- 
ing oat of the war. In 1861 he went to Camp Cheatam, near 
lifashville, and joined Company A, First Tennessee Regiment, Eock 
City Guards. After the battle of Perryville he was promoted to 
Third Lieutenant and then First Lieutenant of his company. Dur- 
ing the war he was transferred to Company B, Seventh Kentucky 
Reo-iment, being First Lieutenant of the company. At the battle 
of Nashville he was captured by the Federal forces, and tlie follow- 
ing day taken to Johnson Island, across Sandusky Bay, Lake Erie, 
and confined till the close of the war. He then returned to Hawes- 
ville and remained about a year, when he moved to Hardinsburg 
and formed a partnership witli Alfred H. Payton, and continued in 
practice there till August, 1868, when he was elected Common- 
wealth Attorney for the Fourth District, comprising the counties 
of Hardin, Meade, Grayson, Breckenridge, Hancock, Ohio and 
Daviess, which position he held six years. In 1868 he moved to 
Owensboro. He was married in October, 1868,to Celia V., daugh- 
ter of Thomas M. and Penelope (McFarland) Barron. Her mother 
was a daughter of John H. McFarland. Her father was a native 
of Virginia, and died in Daviess County in 1867. 

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Henry P- Broadnax, the first Circuit Judge, 1815-'22, was an 
upright and impartial judge, and one of the most remarkable men 
of his day. During the last year or two of his judgeship, his sal- 
ary was paid in about $600 or $800 worth of corn. Those were 
"the primitive and honest days of the Kepublic. " The judge 
used to wear short breeches, with knee Duckies, and plaited hair, 
tucked with a comb. 

W. Lindsea Burton, attorney and counselor at law, is a native 
of Daviess County, and is now practicing his profession in Owens- 
boro. He is a well-educated. Christian gentleman, a strong advo- 
cate of temperance, and no lover of card-playing or novel-reading. 
His maxims of life, of his profession, and of liberal education are 
of the highest order. 

John Calhoon was a prominent lawyer, a Circuit Judge, and a 
member of Congress. He was far superior to any other man of 
his time in this part of the country. 

Wilfred Carioo is an attorney. Ofiice in Court Eow. He also 
is a native of this county, and has passed all hJF life here. 

W. W. Chambers is a member of the Daviess County bar and a 
resident of Owensboro. 

Colonel Martin Hardin Cofer was born in Hardin County, Ky., 
April 1, 1832. He was raised on a farm, and his education was 
such as the common schools of that day afforded. Early in life he 
determined to enter the profession of law. He was married in 
1853, and shortly afterward removed to Illinois, where he resided 
three years. He studied his profession when not engaged in active 
business, and at the age of twenty-four was licensed by the Su- 
preme Court of that State to practice. He commenced his labors 
atElizabethtown, Ky., and acquitted himself wellin his first efforts. 
He made steady progress, and at the beginning of the civil war had 
a very large practice. In 1860 a military company was organized 
at Elizabeth town, and he was chosen its Captain. During this year 
he was the Southern Eights candidate for the Lower House of the 
Legislature, having openly avowed his principles and determined 
to stand by them. His competitor, Hon. B. E. Young, who had 
been a member of Congress, was a man of ability and great 
popularity. Colonel Cofer and Dr. Young entered upon the can- 
vass in July, and after an exciting contest, the Union candidate was 
elected Ly'a majority of only ninety votes. His next step was to 
enter tiie Confederate service. He was authorized, in connection 
witli ]\r:ijur Thomas Hays, to raise a battalion of six companies, of 

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which he was to be Lieutenant-Colonel. Only five companies were 
obtained, and in T^ovember these were consolidated with other 
companies that formed the Sixth Regiment. He was elected Lieu- 
tenant Colonel of this command, and took rank froii} the ; o 
November. He participated in every engagement of his regiment 
up to th 30th of August, 1864, except that of Murfreesboro, and 
was severely wounded at Shiloh. He was promoted to Colonel 
Sept. 30, 1863. The day before the first battle of Jonesboro he 
was made Provost Marshal General of the Army of Tennessee. 
Colonel Gofer was a man of excellent judgment; was rarely known 
to draw a conclusion from a false premise, and in all his relations 
has maintained hmself as an honest, upright gentleman. 

Frank !< . Conway, the present Circuit Clerk, is a native of Yir- 
ginia, born Nov. 22, 1837. "When he was eleven years of age his 
father died, and he was sent to New Albany and educated. In 1859 
he graduated in medicine at Louisville, and began practice as a phy- 
sician at Oakford, this county; but in the course of fourteen years 
his health failed, and he relinquished his profession, since which 
time he has been the popular and efficient Circuit Clerk of Daviess 
County. His first vote for President was for John C. Erecken- 

Hon. A. D. Cosby was a Representative to the Legislature 
1851-'3, and Senator 1857-'61. 

Y. T. Crawford., in 1868 (and possibly other years), had an oflice 
in Court Row, as a lawyer. 

Thomas Alexander Craycroft was born in Washington County, 
Ky., Jan. 8, 1833; reared in Meade County, and completed a course 
of study in the English branches at St. Mary's and St. Joseph's 
colleges in this State. He afterward taught school awhile and read 
law, and graduated at the Louisville Law School in the spring of 
1868. He located at Lebanon, Ky., where he was elected County 
Attorney and served two years. In February, 1860, he opened a 
law ofiice in Paraclifta, Ark., and practiced till the close of the war. 
"While there he was elected Commonwealth's Attorney and recruiting 
officer for the Southern array. In 1860 he was Assistant Douglas 
Elector for Arkansas. 

In May, 1866, he came to Owensboro, where he has resided ever 
since, in the practice of kw. Was four years City Judge, and was 
member of the Legislature one term — 1877-'8. In 1881, in part- 
nership with Geo. V. Triplett, he established the Saturday Post, 
and continued as one of the editors and proprietors until January, 

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1883. His editorial ability ia of a high degree. His tastes, indeed, 
incline him more to literature and politics than to law. In politics 
he is a Jeffersonian Democrat, and is opposed alike to abolitionism 
and secession ism. 

Judge Oraycroft was first married in January, 1857, to Miss Lucy 
Hopkins, of Owensboro. In May, 1860, he married Mrs. Mary 
Graves, of Marion County, Ky. His children are Benjamin and 
Lucy — both by his second wife. 

Warner Crow, Sheriff 1829-'31, was one of the oldest settlers of 
Daviess County, and is the father of Joshua G. Cr-.w, a well-known 
citizen of Murray Precinct. See sketch in the history of that pre- 

Samuel R. Crumbaugh, Collector for the Second Internal Reve- 
nue District of Kentucky, is now temporarily a resident of Owens- 
boro, having his principal oflBce near the northeast corner of the 
public square. [This is Owensboro's present custom-house. J His 
distiict comprises thirty-two counties. He is a native of this State; 
graduated at the Military Academy at Annapolis, Md.; spent two 
years in scientific studies in London, Eng., and several years as 
Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy, the last two in the col- 
lege at Hopkinsville. He is a tall, soldierly looking gentleman, 
with a massivechest and square shoulders, and carries himself very 
erect. He wears a heavy mustache and goatee, and is probably 
thirty -five or forty years of age. A few years ago he married a very 
wealthy woman at Elkton, and afterward moved to Hopkinsville, 
where he has a handsome residence. He is a rising politician, and 
at present the Reptfblicans talk of placing him at the head of the 
State ticket at the next election. 

John Daveisa, Sheriff 1831-'3, was the brother of the next men- 

Colcmel Josejyh, Hamilton Daveiss or ''Jo Daveiss," as he was 
popularly known , who gave his name to Daviess County, was one 
of the most remarkable men of his day. He was born in Bedford 
County, Va., March 4, 1774. His parents were natives of 
Virginia; his father of Irish, and his mother of Scotch, descent. 
"When young Daveiss was five years old the family removed to 
Kentucky, then an almost unbroken wilderness, and settled in the 
immediate vicinity of the town of Danville, then in Lincoln County. 
An incident, which occurred in the journey to Kentucky, illus- 
trates the character of his mother. In crossing the Cumberland 
River, Mrs. Daveiss was thrown from her horse, and had her arm 

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broken. The party only halted long enough to have the limb 
bound up, with what rude skill the men possessed, and pursued 
their route, she riding a spirited horse and carrying her child, and 
never ceasing her exertions to promote the comfort of her com- 
panions when they stopped for rest and refreshment. Daveiss was 
sent to school as occasion allowed. He attended grammar schools 
taught by a Mr. Morley, and a Dr. Brooks, and made considerable 
advances in a knowledge of the Latin and Greek languages. At 
school he evinced unusual capacity, always being at the head of 
his class. He was particularly remarkable for his talent for decla- 
mation and public speaking. The sudden death of a brother and 
sister recalled him from school, and he returned home to assist 
his father in the labors of the farm. There is a tradition that 
young Daveiss was not particularly distinguished by his devotion 
to agricultural pursuits, frequently permitting the horses of his 
plow to graze at leisure, in a most unfarmer-like way, while he, 
stretched supinely on his back on some luxurious log, indulged in 
those delicious dreams and reveries so sweet to young and aspiring 

In the autumn of 1792 Major Adair, under Government orders, 
raised some companies of mounted men, to guard the transpor- 
tation of provisions to tlie forts north of the Ohio River. Daveiss, 
then in his eighteenth vear, volunteered in the service. On one 
occasion, when Major Adair was'encamped near Fort St. Clair, he 
was surprised early in the morning by a large body of Indians, whoj 
rushing into the camp just after the sentinels had been withdrawn 
from their posts, killed and wounded fourteen or fifteen of the men, 
and captured and carried away about 200 head of horses. These 
were taken within the Indian lines and tied. After the whites had 
sought shelter in the neighborhood of the fort, young Daveiss, dis- 
covering his own horse at some distance hitched to a tree, resolved 
to have him at all hazards. He accordingly ran and cut him loose, 
and led him back to his companions amid a shower of balls. This 
exploit nearly cost him his life. A ball passed through his coat, 
waistcoat, and cut off a small piece of his shirt. His horse was 
the only one taken out of the 200. When his time of service ex- 
pired, he returned liome, and spent some time reviewing his clas- 
sical studies. He ultimately concluded to study law, and entered 
he office o the celebrated George Nicholas, then the first lawyer 
in Kentucky. Daveiss entered a class of students, consisting of 
Isliam Talbot, Jesse Bledsoe, "William Garrard, Felix Grundy, 
William Blackbourne, John Pope, William Stuart, and Thomas 

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Dye Owings, all fof whom became distinguished at the bar, and 
noted in the public history of the country. Nicholas was pro- 
foundly impressed with the striking indications of genius of a high 
order manifested by Daveiss while under his roof. His opinion 
of the strength of his character and the firmness of his principles 
was equally as exalted, and at his death, which occurred a few years 
after, he appointed him one of his executors. As a student he 
was laborious and indefatigable. He accustomed himself to take 
repose on a hard bed; was fond of exercise in the open air, and 
was accustomed to retire to the woods with his books, and pursue 
his studies in some remote secluded spot, secure /rom the annoy- 
ance and interruption ot society. In connection with his legal 
studies, he read history and miscellaneous literature. His mind, 
therefore, when he came to the bar, was richly stored with various 
and profound knowledge, imparting a fertility and affluence to his 
resources, from which his powerful and well-trained intellect drew 
inexhaustible supplies. He began the practice of the law in June, 
of the year 1795. The following August he was qualified as an 
attorney in the Court of Appeals. In his first case he had for an 
antagonist his old preceptor, over whom he enjoyed the singular 
gratification of obtaining a signal triumph. Daveiss settled at 
Danville, and soon commanded a splendid business in all the courts 
in which he practiced. On the abolition of the District Courts and 
the substitution in their place of the Circuit Court, he removed to 
Frankfort. He had been appointed United States Attorney for the 
State of Kentucky. In the year 1801 or 1802, he visited Wash- 
ington City, being the first Western lawyer who ever appeared in 
the Supreme Court of the United States. He here argued the cele- 
brated case of Wilson versus Mason. His speech is said to have ex- 
cited the highest admiration of the bench and bar, and placed him 
at once in the foremost rank of his profession. 

During this trip he visited the principal cities of the North and 
East, and formed an acquaintance with many of the most distin- 
guished men of America. In 1803 he was united in marriage to 
Anne Marshall, the sister of Joliii Marshall, the Chief Justice of 
the United States. Miss Marshall seems to have shared none of 
the qualities of her celebrated brother. After residing at Frank- 
fort for a few years, he removed tu Cornland, the farm on the Ohio 
a mile and a half above Owensboro. His residence here was a 
hewed log house, which is not now remaining. He lived here 
till 1809, and then removed to Lexington, where he resumed the 
practice of law. While acting as attorney for the United States, 

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he acted as prosecutor against Aaron Burr in his famous trial ot 
treason. He had noticed tlie movements of this person for some 
time before the prosecution was begun. Satisfied from liis obser- 
vations that he had some unlawful design in view, he caused him 
to be apprehended and brought before the court. Burr's project 
was to revolutionize the Western country, establish an empire, with 
New Orleans as the capital, and himself the chief. July 24, 1806, 
General Dayton, one of Burr's firmest adherents, wrote to General 
Wilkinson in cipher, " Are you ready? Are your numerous asso- 
ciates ready? Wealth and glory! Louisiana and Mexico! ! " From 
a failure of evidence, as is well known, the prosecution was aban- 
doned, although the whole plot was finally discovered. In the fall 
of 1811, Colonel Daveiss joined the army of General Harrison in 
the campaign against the Indians on the Wabash. He received 
the command of major. On the 7th of November, 1811, in the 
celebrated battle of Tippecanoe, he fell in a charge against the 
Indians, made at his own- solicitation. He survived from 6 o'clock 
in the morning till midnight, retaining to the last the full com- 
mand of his faculties. The personal appearance of Jo Daveiss 
was commanding and impressive. His bearing was grave and 
dignified. His manner was bland and courteous to those he loved, 
but haughty and repulsive in the extreme to those he disliked. He 
was nearly six feet high, with a form athletic and vigorous. He 
was eccentric in his habits, allusion to which may be found else- 
where. At the great trial of Aaron Burr, at Eichmond, it is said 
he made his appearance in a suit of buckskin. As an orator he had 
few equals and no superiors. Competent judges unite in declar- 
ing that he was the most impressive speaker they ever heard. In 
conversation he was unequaled, and the life of every circle in 
which he was thrown. 

Dr. John D. Ogden, of Owensboro, has the original brief, in 
manuscript, which Jo. Daveiss prepared and presented in a land suit 
from this county, in 1805 or '6, before the Supreme Court of the 
United States. This was the first argument ever presented before 
that body by an attorney from any section west of the Allegheny 
Mountains. It is related that when the case was about to be called, 
Mr. Daveiss was present, dressed in buckskin, with a squirrel cap, 
and was eating a piece of ginger-cake. It was whispered among 
the high-toned gentry of the court that the rough little 
Westerner would be so ignorant of the Virginia rules of procedure 
that he would soon be frustrated. When the case came up he 

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Stepped forward and represented that he was the United States 
District Attorney for Kentucky. This was at first regarded merely 
as a joke; but during the whole course of the proceeding the only 
interruption made by the bench was simply to announce that the 
proposition which Mr. Daveiss was about to establish was already 
admitted by the court! 

John Allen Dean, formerly acting Commonwealth's Attorney, 
was born in Breckenridge County, Ky., Dec. 14, 1852; raised 
on a farm; graduated at Kentucky University at Lexington in 
June, 1874, and in the Law Department of the T.onisville Univer- 
sity in March, 1876, and opened an office over the Planters' Bank 
in Owensboro; had his office in several other buildings, and is now 
on St. Ann street, opposite the court-house. In 1878 he married a 
daughter of Dr. Josiah Hale. 

N. H. Decker was admitted to the bar here, but did not practice 
law in this circuit. He has been teaching public school in Waco, 
Texas, and is now following the profession of law. He is a prom- 
ising young man. 

John P. Devereux, Circuit Judge in 1851, went to Kansas City 
in 1859, entering the railroad business and becoming very promi- 
nent in the development of the "New West." In 1866 he removed 
to St. Louis, Ma., where he was commissioner of the land 
department of the Union Pacific Railroad Company until 1876 
when he returned to Kansas City as the attorney of the company. 
In 1878 he moved to Denver, Col. 

Judge John P. Devereux came here from Virginia, married 
Miss Mason of this county, practiced as an attorney for a number 

of years, was Circuit Judge, and in went West, etc. He was 

a noble man, both in appearance and manners. 

WHMam T. JEMis, born in Daviess County, Ky., July 24, 1845, 
■was a son of Luther L. and Mary M. (Kallam) Ellis, natives of 
Shelby and Daviess counties, Ky. His father died in March, 1855, 
and his mother in March, 1856, leaving two children — William T. 
and J. "W. Ellis, now of Masonville. William T. was reared and 
educated in Daviess County. Before he was sixteen years old he 
enlisted in the Confederate army, in the First Kentucky Cavalry; 
was mustered in Oct. 5, 1861, and served during the war, surren- 
dering April 21, 1865. At the close of the war he was a non- 
commissioned officer, in command of scouts. After the war he 
returned home and attended school the i-est of the year 1865 and 
1866, working during vacation to pay his board and tuition. The 

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latter part of 1865 and till the spring of 1867 he taught school 
near Whitesville in connection with his studies. During the years 
1867-'69 he read law during his leisure time while engaged in 
teaching. In the spring of 1869 he received his license to practice 
law, and entered Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Mass. Re- 
turned home in the spring of 1870, and in August of that year was 
elected County Attorney of Daviess County, and re-elected in 
1874. In 1876 he was Democratic elector for this district on the 
Tilden and Hendricks ticket. Feb. 11, 1871, be formed a partner- 
ship with William T. Owen, under the name of Owen & Ellis, 
which is now one of the prominent law firms of the county. Oct. 
20, 1871, Mr. Ellis married Alice, daughter of C. R. Coffey, who 
died a little more than a year later. Nov. 2, 1876, he married 
Mattie B., daughter of Dr. W. F. Miller, of Louisville, Ky. 

George F. Ellis was born near Knottsville, Daviess Co., Ky., 
Nov. 11, 1856. "When he was four years of age his parents moved 
to Owensboro, where he was reared and educated. He attended 
the Kentucky University at Lexington three years, graduating in 
June, 1876. He returned to Owensboro and studied law during 
the summer with Owen & Ellis, teaching during the winter. He 
was admitted to the bar at the June term of 1880. In May, 1878, 
he married Josie Newton, a native of Carolina County, Ya., born 
July 1, 1861. They have one child— Muriel, born Jan. 23, 1882. 
Mr. Ellis is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Joshua G. Ford, Representative to the Legislature 1875-'7, was 
editor of the Southern Shield. See chapter on the Press of Daviess 

Bolert Frey, attorney at law, office in the Savings Bank building, 
was County Surveyor in 1874. He is a young man of considerable 

Clinton Griffith was a Representative to the Legislature for 
two terms, 1869-73. He is a wealthy farmer, living in the southern 
suburbs of Owensboro. 

William H. Griffith, deceased, was born Feb. 28, 1794, in Mary- 
land, and was brought, by emigration of the family, to Ohio County 
in 1805. He was the first County Clerk of Daviess, which office 
he held for many years; and he was widely esteemed for his many 
excellent traits, and possessed abilities of no common character. 
He recorded the first deed ever made in the county, which transfer 
was made June 12, 1815, of 100 acres of land, by Adam Jourdan 
to Moses Gwyn, for the consideration of $350. This tract of land 

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is said to be still in cultivation, but has not enhanced much in 
value. He afterward studied law and was admitted to the bar. 
His practice was successful and his business, largely consisting in. 
land claims, was straightforward and reliable. In some portions 
of the latter business he was in partnership with Phil Triplett. 
Mr. G. was a Whig in his party aiSliations. He died in December, 
1848; two of his children survive, — Daniel M. and Clinton, both 
well-known citizens of Owensboro, 

William M. Gri-ffith, grandson of the above, and son of Clinton 
Griffith, is an attorney at law, now practicing in Owensboro. Office, 
with Weir, Weir & Walker. 

T. B. Hardin, a native of Springfield, Washington Co., Ky., 
was an attorney at law in Owensboro from 1864 until 1872 or '3, 
in partnership with G. W. Kay, when he returned to Springfield, 
and is there now. He is probably over fifty years of age. 

Joseph Haycraft was born in Hardin County, Ky., where he 
received most of his education; studied law with Judge M. H. 
Cofer, and graduated in the Law Department of the Louisville 
University in 1861; was First Lieutenant in the Confederate army; 
practiced law with Judge Cofer at Brandenburg; was Common- 
wealth's Attorney 1875-'6; for the last four years he has been in 
Owensboro in partnership with JR. W. Slack. 

S. H. Haynes was a lawyer in Owensboro in 1868. Office, over 
the Deposit Bank. 

O. H. Haynes, attorney at law, is a native of this county, which 
has always been his home. He graduated at the Louisville Law 
School, and was admitted to the Bar in 1876. 

George F. Haynes, son of F. W. and Cassandra (Miller) Haynes, 
was born in Boston Precinct, Daviess Co., Ky., May 7, 1854. 
The parents of George F. were both natives of Ohio County, and 
were both descendants from Old Virginia, but settled in Kentucky 
at the beginning of the present century. F. W. Haynes came to 
Daviess County in 1836, and settled in the forks of Panther 
Creek, and in 1854 moved to Boston Precinct, where he engaged 
in farming, and at the time of his death owned a farm of more 
than 400 acres. George F. Haynes grew to maturity on the 
farm, and at the age of seventeen attended school at Horse 
Cave, in Heart County, Ky. In the fall of 1857 he began 
teaching a term of school, lasting five months. He continued 
teaching five months each year for four years. Dec. 31, 1877, 
Mr. Haynes came to Owensboro and entered the County Clerk's 

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office, as deputy, serving in this capacity until 1880, when he re- 
ceived an appointment of Master Commissioner of Daviess County 
Circuit Court. For many generations the Hayneses have been 
strict adherents of the Baptist school of morals, and under this 
influence our subject was reared, having joined this church many 
years ago. 

Ben. Hardin Helm was the son of Governor John L. Helm, and 
was born in Hardin County, Ky.; graduated at the West Point 
Military Academy, and in the law department of the Louisville 
University; in 1855 was a member of the Legislature; in 1856, 
Commonwealth's Attorney for this Judicial District; married a 
daughter of E.S. Todd, of Lexington, Ky.; in 1861 he entered the 
Southern army as a Colonel and- was promoted Brigadier General. 
Sept. 20, 1863,'at the battle of Chickamauga, he was killed. Many 
testimonials were given of his patriotism, integrity and good 
judgment. He was buried in the Atlanta cemetery. 

Captain Samuel E. Hill, from Hartford, Ky., has just located 
in Owensboro, commencing in partnership with Colonel McHenry. 
The Hartford Herald speaks of him in the very highest terms. 

Christopher D. Jackson is one of the very few old settlers now 
living. He was born on the old Hartford and Bardstown road, 
nine miles north of Hartford^ in what is now Ohio County, 
Dec. 13, 1797. His father was Christopher D. Jackson, a native 
of Virginia, and was born in Prince William County and removed 
with his parents to Botetourt County, Ya., when four years old; then 
moved to Danville, Boyle Co., Ky., and then to Hartford, Ohio Co., 
Ky., then a fort. He was married here to Miss Catherine Ehodes. 
They were members of the Baptist church. They had a family of 
fourteen children; nine girls and three boys lived to be men and. 
women. Christopher D. was the third son and fifth child. He 
was reared on a farm near Hartford. He married Miss Camilla L. 
Shanks, jSTov. 1, 1827. She was born in Kentucky. About a month 
after his marriage in December, 1827, Mr. Jackson moved to Da- 
viess County, Ky., where he has since resided. At that time there 
were 625 whites and 518 blacks in the county over sixteen years 
old. Since that time a part of the county has been given to Mc- 
Lean and Hancock counties. Mr. Jackson had some 200 acres of 
land, and four negroes, one of which is still living with him. He 
also had some $1,200 and a team of horses. He first settled on 
a part, of his present farm in Mason ville Precinct, and has resided 
on this farm ever since. He and wife had four children — J. Han- 

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ibal, died, aged one year and ten days; Josephine, died, aged nearly 
seventeen. James S. married Miss Susan Haws, a daughter of 
Albert Haws, who was elected three times to Congress from this 
district. James S. Jackson and wife liad five children, four living 
— Christopher, who married Anna Kroh; Adelle, married James 
Hickman, M. D., and resides in Owensboro; Albert G., married 
Laura Terrell; Nina is unmarried. Samuel Jackson died aged six 
years. Mrs. Jackson died in 1837. Mr. Jackson is now in the 
eighty-sixth year of his age, and is hale and hearty for a man of his 
age. He owns a fine farm of 3,000 acres in one tract where he re- 
Bides. He also owns 418 acres in Vanover Precinct and 100 acres 
in Knottsville Precinct. Mr. Jackson is the largest landholder 
in the county and the wealthiest man in the county. He is one of 
our self-made men; he is well read; he has a large library of bis 
own which contains many valuable books. He is a Mason and a 
member of the Sugar Grove Lodge, A. F. & A. M. Mr. Jackson 
gave the two acres of land on which the Sugar Grove cliurch is 
built. He has held the ofiSce of Justice of the Peace nineteen 3^ear s 
and was Sheriff of the county two years under the old State Consti- 
tution. His brother, Julius C. Jackson, was in the battle of New 
Orleans, war of 1812. His wife was a cousin of Senator Me- 
Creery. He has always been a strong siipy)orter of the Democratic 
party. He is of English, Irish and German descent; his great 
grandfather, Henry Rhodes, on his tuotho-'s side, came from Hol- 
land and settled with William Penn in Pennsylvania. His great 
grandfather on his father's side was Christopher Jackson, who was 
born in England, son of an English father mid French mother. He 
and two brothers came to A rnerica soim alter t)ie landing of the Pil- 
grims; Chistopher settled in Viri;inia, onein Maryland, and one in 
South Carolina. Mr. (/hristopher D. Jackson, father ot subject I'f 
our sketch, was a second cousin of old Hickory Jackson, President 
of the United States. 

Alfred B. Johnson, editor of the Owensboro Gazette, between 
1852 and 1S56, was also a member of the bar. 

Jam,es L. Johnson, father of Philip T., was born in Livinirst-m 
County, Ky., Oct. 30, 1818. He secured a good edncation \i\ the 
common schools of that county, and in ls;;r. came to Owensb(>;H. 
He at first studied under the instrnctio'i of George Scarlifn-ong!!. 
an excellent teacher, now living at Vinelaiid, X. J.. mIi iso >:di'n)i 
was then the best in this part of the State. After <|nitting t^ciio:,'! 
he was employed -for two years in Ihe ofllee of Circuit and riniintv 

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Clerk, those positions then beinaj filled by John S. McFarland. 
While in the Clerk's office he be^an the study of law under the di- 
rection of Hon. Philip Triplett, one of the first and most distin- 
guished lawyers of Daviess County, and at that time a member ot 
Cono-ress. In 1841 Mr. Johnson was admitted to the bar, and 
opened an office in Owensboro, in connection with James Weir. 
The firm was successful in the practice of law, and Mr. J. at the 
same time took a prominent part in political affairs. He was a 
Whig and a warm admirer and supporter of Henry Clay. In 1844 
he was elected to the Legislature;^ served one term and returned to 
Owensboro, where he resumed the practice of law. In the Presi- 
dential campaign of 1848 his name appeared on the electoral 
ticket. The following year he was elected to Congress for the Dis- 
trict in which Daviess County was embraced. He took his seat 
in December, 1849, and was thus a member of the celebrated 
Thirty-first Congress, or Compromise Congress, which passed the 
memorable compromise resolutions of Henry Clay, who was then 
a Senator from Kentucky. This Congress also has the reputation 
of being the longest ever held, not adjourning its session till Octo- 
ber, 1851. While serving his terra as member of Congress, Mr. 
Johnson was married to Miss Harriette N. Triplett, the daughter 
of Philip Triplett, his old preceptor at law. On returning to 
Owensboro, Mr. Johnson again took up his profession. A few 
years subsequently- he gave up the active practice of law and de- 
voted his attention more closely to agricultural pursuits. During 
the late war he held Southern sentiments. In 1869 he received the 
appointment from the late Governor Thomas E. Eramlette, as 
Judge of the Judicial District in which Daviess County is included. 
He held this position for the unexpired term of Judge James Stuart. 
George W. Jolly, born in Breckenridge County, Ky., Feb. 22, 
1843, is a son of John B. and Hachel (Hardin) Jolly, both natives 
of Kentucky. He was educated in Hardinsburg, Ky. , his tutor 
being Rev. E. Gr. Gardiner. He enlisted in the war of the Ke- 
bellion, serving in the Union army. He was licensed and admitted 
to the bar in 1867, and has since been actively engaged in his 
profession. He removed from Hardinsburg to Owensboro in 
1877. In 1880 he was one of the Garfield electors. He has the 
largest collection of law books in Owensboro. He was married in 
February, 1871, to Sue Henderson, daughter of P. J, Henderson, 
of Breckenridge County. They have four children, two sons and 
two daughters. 


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Jasper B. Karn, City Judge, Owensboro, is a 'son of Christo- 
pher and H. A. (Bristow) Karn, both natives of Daviess County. 
His grandfather, wlio was also named Christopher, was of German 
parentage but a native of Pennsylvania, and moved from there to 
Shelby County, Ky., and in 1819 came to Daviess County, settling 
in what is known as the forks of the creek, where he purchased 
about 3,000 acres of land and lived till his death. His wife was 
Leah Boone, the great niece of Daniel Boone. They reared a 
family of six children, four sons and two daughters, all of whom 
married and settled on the tract of land purchr ",ed by their father. 
Christopher Karn, Jr., died in 1878. His widow is still living. 
They reared a family of seven children, three sons and four 
daughters, Jasper B. being the eldest son. He lived at home till 
nineteen years of age, when, having acquired a good common- 
school education, he began teaching school, which he followed at 
intervals till 1869. In August of that year he came to Owensboro 
and commenced the study of law in the office of Sweeney & Stewart, 
and was licensed to practice by Martin H. Co^er in March, 1870, 
still remaining, however, in the office of Sweeney & Stewart till 
the fall of that year. In 1872 he began the practice of law in 
Owensboro. In April, 1876, he was unanimously elected by the 
Council, City Attorney; served one term, and in 1878 was again 
elected to fill a vacancy. In April, 1882, he was elected City 
Judge. In 1878 he formed a partnership with (r. W. Ray, which 
continued till 1880. May 30, 1876, he married Sallie L., daughter 
of J. P. Fuqua. She died Dec. 13, 1881, leaving two children- 
Eva and Virga, the latter now deceased. 

Wm. P. Kent, a young and rising lawyer of Owensboro, is a 
native of Wythesville, Va. , and is of the seventh generation of a 
family who have owned and resided upon the lands which their 
ancestors reclaimed from the forest and the Indians. He graduated 
as Ph. B. at William and Mary College in 1876, and in 1880 he 
graduated in law at the same institution. He has chosen Owens- 
boro for his residence on account of its future prospects as a city. 

Thomas Landrum, Sheriff 1851-'5, executed the death sentence 
upon Mr. Eichardson, for murder. He died a year or two ago, in 
McLean County. 

Lucius P. Little. Short and simple are the annals of the pion- 
eer. To the unsteady hand of tradition we owe most of that which 
yet remains of all that was said and done, achieved and suffered, 
bv those who came to Kentucky as the red man departed. Their 

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very names are being blotted out from the memories and records 
of men. Deserving a better fate than this, the name of George 
Little is here set down. He was born in Scotland about the year 
1735. The particular locality of iiis birth is now matter of conject- 
ure. The patronymic has long been known in different parts of 
that country. The station in life of this particular stock in the old 
country, as well as its history, are both unknown. As tradition 
eagerly transmits the faintest suspicion of exalted rank, and as it 
has not done so in this case, the presumption is against its exist- 
ence. All hopes of ancestral connection with those twin roots of 
British nobility — the Danish buccaneers and Norman plunderers 
— are thus forever blighted. For this depritration Scotia's own 
bard has furnished the consoling couplet — 

Rank is but the guinea's stamp ; 
A man's a man for a' tliat. 

This unpedigreed lot is indeed to be preferred, even if it were 
possible to trace a lineage to that ancient and noble house, ante- 
dating all modern nobility — founded by the worthy baron alluded 
to in Charles Dickens' History of Martin Chuzzlewit, as the Lord 
Nozoo. In early manhood he emigrated from the old to the new 
world. His first . known place of residence in America was at 
Newberry, in the colony of Seuth Carolina. His pursuits were 
agricultural, and he was so engaged at the rupture between the 
colonies and mother country. What his previous political senti- 
ments had been is unknown, but he was opposed to the war that 
ensued. Without fortune or political influence, he asked no more 
of Government than liberty to pn rs ue, un moles ted , his pri va te affairs. 
Possibly his attachment to the mother country, or kindred left 
behind, influenced his opinions. A dissenter from the established 
church, he early joined the Wesleyan movement, which before the 
Revolution had a considerable membership this side the Atlantic. 
His religious faith — embracing the doctrine of submission to the 
powers that be — may have colored his political views. However this 
may be, when war came and the colonial Government required his 
services, he enlisted in the A raerican army. His m.ilitary exploits had 
no chronicler. No record of the nature and duration of his service 
survives. Nothing more is certainly known than that in an en- 
gagement between the American forces and a detachment of the 
enemy under Tarleton's command he received a bullet wound in 
the hip. As the result of this he went to his grave a cripple. The 
ball was never extracted. Independence and peace finally came. 

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and great rejoicing at the result. But the sturdy Soot still per- 
aisted that rebellion was a mistake, and died nearly forty years 
after with his opinion unchanged. He remained in South Carolina 
until the end of the century. He had married before the Revolu- 
tion, and his children were born before or during that war. Some 
time after the war — how long can not be stated — his wife died. 
His children, five daughters and five sons, reached manhood and 
womanhood, married, and sought homes of their own. His old 
home was thus broken up.' Age and infirmity approached, avant 
courier of the beginning of the end. On thp termination of the 
Revolutionary war, the exploits of Daniel Boone in the wilderness 
beyond the mountains were borne by rumor from his old home on 
the Yadkin to the four winds. Alluring accounts were afioat of 
the new country — beautiful and fertile, and watered by a river that 
rivaled the charms of its shores by its own grace and majesty. To 
the young and adventurous this prospect was irresistible; to all it 
was inviting. Jonas and John Little, two of his sons, decided to 
try their fortunes in this new Utopia. With their families they 
turned their backs on civilization and their old home in South 
Carolina, and started on their journey. Their father accompanied 
them. Their first halting place was in Barren County, in this 
State. Here they settled in 1802. John Little, becoming dissat- 
isfied, removed to Tennessee, where he resided until old age. He 
went thence to Texas, and shortly afterward died. George Little 
and his son Jonas remained in Barren County two years. They then 
removed to and settled a few miles north of the Long Falls of Green 
River, in what was then Ohio County. The town of Vienna at 
that point on the river had maintained its fitful fortunes from its 
establishment in 1785. It succeeded a fort or block house erected 
there some years before. In 1848 it was supplanted by the present 
town of Calhoon. George Little engaged at such farming as sup- 
plied the wants of that primitive day. He had never acquired any 
considerable means, and was dependent on his own exertions — 
when the time for toil had about passed for him. The Ohio 
County Court exempted him from poll tax " on account of bodily 
infirmity," but not improbably intended in part a patriotic recog- 
nition of his sufferings for his country. These last years were 
comparatively uneventful in local aff'airs in -this region. Society 
was primitive, business limited, and mostly in the farming way. 
The muster day and the religious meeting were about the only 

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occasions wlicii peoi)le nssenibled together. The pioneer necessa- 
rily lived much alone— 

exempt from public haunts; 

Fmding tongues in trees, books in running brooks, 
Sermons in stones, and good in everything. 

Ti;o war whoop of the Indian liad scarcely ceased to eclio around 
tiie scttiei'^ c!ihin. Indeed, the Oliio River bounded the Indian 
coiiDtrv (111 the south, which readied the great lakes to the north, 
and utrc'tchud from the Muskingum to the boundless west. Bear 
hui\ting was still good, deer abundant, and the wolf and panther 
still lingered. Many years after the deatli of his first wife he inter- 
married with Mary Douglass, widow of Alexander Douglass. ' Her 
maiden name was Ilandley. She was a native of Scotland, whence 
she came in childhood. In early life she married Douglass, of 
South Carolina. By him she bore several daughters, one of whom 
(Betsy) married Jonas Little. In 1784 or '5 Douglass came to Ken- 
tucky in company with his brother-in-law, Captain John Handley. 
The latter was a surveyor. Their purpose was to examine the 
country, and survey and locate lands with a view of ultimate set- 
tlement. They returned to South Carolina, and on arriving in 
that State they separated to go to their respective homes. Doug- 
lai5S never reached his destination, being mysteriously murdered. 
Time has never unraveled the mystery of his death. After the 
death of George Little, his widow rharried Edward Atterbury, ot 
Daviess County, who died in 1824. Mary Atterbury survived 
several years, outliving most of her generation. From youtb to 
old age she was noted for beauty, the grace of her manners, and 
the rare charm of her colloquial powers. She died in a green old 
age, and was laid to rest by the grave of her second husband. She 
was sister of the well-known pioneer. Captain John Ilandlej', and 
also sister to Kachel, wife of Anthony Thomson, the first Justice 
of the Peace in all this region. On the first of February, 1815, — 
the same year in which Daviess County was established, — George 
Little made his will. He left the bulk of his small estate to his 
wife. Shortly after — having reached fourscore — he departed this 
life, or, in the quaint words of his will, he gave his soul into the 
hand of Almighty God that first gave it, and resigned his body to 
the earth, " believing, that at the general resurrection " he would 
receive it again. His mortal remains were interred in the Anthony 
Thomson graveyard (now in McLean County) where his dust awaits 
the final summons. In personal appearance he was stoutly built, 

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rather under than over middle height, with dark hair and eyes, and 
marked features. He expressed himself freely in conversation, his 
broad Scotch dialect not being always readily understood. He was 
always a pious man, being established in his religious opinions be- 
yond all shadow of turning. He had a clear mind and acute obser- 
vation. Perhaps he was obstinate, equally in the right or wrong. 
To express a kindly feeling for Great Britain after the Eevolution 
and during the collisions that culminated in the war of 1812, was 
not only unpopular, but was defying a very general and heated 
public sentiment. But to the last the old solf^'er maintained that 
under the fostering care of the British Government the American 
people would have best secured their prosperity and happiness. In 
the light of all that has followed, who knows? This meager and 
imperfect sketch (doing poor justice to its subject) may serve to 
remind this generation that the seeds of virtue were brought hither 
by the pioneers, and that it is the fault of their descendants if there 
be no fruitage. 

The pioneers led simple lives and were mostly unlettered, but 
they realized in large measure all the better and nobler character- 
istics of true manhood. 

Martin S. Mattvngly, son of George and Catharine (Miles) Mat- 
tingly, was born in Nelson County, Ky., Sept. 27, 1843. His 
father was born in Marion County, Ky., in 1793, and died in 
Daviess County in 1859. His mother was born in Nelson County, 
Ky., in 1803, and died in Daviess County in 1874. Martin S. re- 
sided at home the greater part of his minority, working for neigh- 
bors and attending the district or subscription school. In his 
nineteenth year he attended St. Mary's College, Marion County, 
fitting himself for examination by studying evenings. He then 
taught school for two years in different parts of the county, after 
which he clerked for Bard & Price, of Sorghotown; he was Post 
master there two years. He worked for J. M. Mattingly & Son 
of Grissom's Landing, about a year, and was then elected County 
Clerk of Daviess County, August, 1874, where he is now serving 
his fourth term. In 1879 he married Belle, daughter of Jesse 
and Mary (Adams) Moreland. They have two children— Jesse, 
born Jan. 27, 1880; and Arthur F., born June 17, 1882. 

Eawes McCreery, only son of Colonel T. C. McCreery, was ad- 
mitted to the bar here in 1880, practiced here until November, 
1882, when he moved to Chicago. 

Eon. Thomis C. McCreery, formerly United States Senator, was 

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born in Kentucky in 1^17; attended Center College, at Danville; 
studied law, but turned his attention to agricultural pursuits; was 
a candidate for Presidential elector in 1852, and defeated; but in 
1860 he was elected, and voted tor Breckenridge and Lane; was 
elected United States Senator in Februaiy, 1868, as a Democrat, 
vice James Guthrie, resigned, and served until March 4, 1871. He 
was elected by 110 votes, against nine for Sidney M. Barnes, 
Union, and five for Aaron Harding, third party. In the caucus his 
chief competitors were Jesse D. Bright and Richard H. Stanton. 
Mr. McCreery was again elected United States Senator, Dec. 19, 
1871, by 112 votes, against twenty for John M. Harlan, Republi- 
can, and served from March 4, 1873, to March 4, 1879. Mr. Mc- 
Creery, before he suffered partial paralysis, was one of the most 
popular orators of the day; and he has the highest respect of all 
parties for the faithfulness with which he served the interests of his 
State. His very large and valuable library was entirely consumed 
by fire some years ago. Residence in the southern suburbs of 
Owensboro, on Frederica street. 

John O. McFarland was Senator 1851-'3, Representative to the 
Legislature 1859-'6L, and Circuit Clerk 1872-'4. 

John II. Mol^adand, Representative to the Legislature in 1848, 
is the oldest living resident of Daviess County. See Chapter I. — 
"Early Settlement." 

John L. McFarland has been admitted to the bar, but is now 
Deputy Circuit Clerk. 

John S. MoFarland^ deceased, was County Clerk in 1831, Cir- 
cuit Clerk 1832-'45, Representative 1850 '1 and 1862-'5, and Senator 

Robert W. McFarland, son of John H., and his eighteenth 
child, is a member of the bar in Owensboro. He was a Representa- 
tive to the Legislature 1879-'81. 

W. S. McFarland, formerly County Attorney, is also a son of 
John H. McFarland. He practiced law here some years before 
the war, and probably a little while after its outbreak. He is a 
Republican, and is now a United States ganger at Mt. "Washing- 
ton, Bullitt County. 

John Hardin Mc Henry, Sr., came to Owensboro in 1853, and 
died Nov. 1, 1871, at his residence in the same city. He was 
oorn in Washington County, Ky., Oct. 13, 1797, the son of Rev. 
Barnabas McHenry. In 1821 he was appointed Commonwealth's 
Attorney for this district, which position he resigned in 1839. In 

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1840 he was elected to the Legislature, as a Whig, and in 1850 a 
delegate to the State Constitutional Convention. At his death he 
left seven children — Hon. Henry D., Colonel John li., William H., 
"W. Estill, Lemuel S., Mrs. Dr. Hale and Mrs. Robert Craig. Mr. 
McHenry was regarded as one of the best lawyers in the State, and 
as a high-toned statesman and Christian gentleman. 

Colonel John Hardin McHenry, a prominent member of the 
Daviess County bar, and particularly known throughout the coun- 
try for his Union sentiments, was born in Hartford, Ohio Co., Ky., 
Feb. 21, 1832. His father was an own cons' n of the celebrated 
Colonel John J. Hardin, of Illinois, who took so prominent a 
part in the Mexican war. He received a fine literary educa- 
tion, spending three years in West Point Military Academy. In 
1857 he graduated in law at the University of Louisville, and prac- 
ticed his profession in Owensboro until the war, when he raised 
the Seventeentli Kentucky Infantry, and Oct. 1, 1861, had the first 
engagement with Confederates fought on Kentucky soil. His 
regiment also participated in the severe fight at Fort Donelson, 
under General Grant, and in the field of Shiloh; and subsequently 
it was consolidated with the Fifth Kentucky, under his command. 
In 1862, when President Lincoln issued his first proclamation 
on the subject of euiancipation, he took issue with the Government, 
and ])ublished an order to his regiment not to aid slaves in their 
ilisrht from their owners, which order resulted in his dismissal from 
the service. In this transaction tlie people of Kentucky stood by 
him. Even the Legislature took up his defense. In 1863 he made 
a race for Congress against George II. Ycatnan, but was defeated, 
his friends being " bayoneted away" from tlie polls. Siuee then 
he has followed his profession in Owensboro. 

The Colonel was one of ten Captains selected by lot, April y, 
185S, by (T<ivernor Morehead to serve with their companies in 
Utah; l)ut before Mcllenry's company was ordered forward the 
troubles in Utah were ended by tlie presence of Generals A. S. 
Johnston and R. E. Lee, with tiieir forces. 

In 1881-'2. the Colonel, seeing that the State Legislature and 
Government of Kentucky placed in responsible positions scarcely 
any but ex-Confederate officers and soldiers, concluded that it was 
time to make a movenniit in favor of having the Union party of 
Kentucky represented, llu accordingly headed a campaign, known 
as the " Union Dcnmcratic Movement," publishing speeches and 
letters, organizing a j'arty and nominating a ticket. Richard T. 

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Jacob, their nominee for Governoi', received 75,000 votes in the 
State. In 1868, Colonel McHenry married Miss Josie Phillips, of 
Louisville, a niece of Judge Bland Ballard. In his lav(r practice 
he has jnst formed a partnership with Captain Samuel E. Hill, 
from Hartford, Ky. 

Henry McHenry practiced law here during the j'ear 1882, in 
partnership witli his uncle, Colonel J. H. McHonry. In Jan- 
uary, 1883, he returned to Hartford, Ky., whence he had come. 

A. B. Miller, Sheriff of Daviess County, was born in Maaon- 
ville Precinct, Jan. 13, 1832, and is a son of Fleming and Sallie 
(Crawford) Miller. His father was a native of Henrico County, 
Ya.; was born in 1791 and came to Kentucky in 1815, settling in 
Shelby County. In 1823 he came to Daviess County, and settled 
on the farm now owned by his son, J. C. Miller, in Masonville 
Precinct. He died in 1860. He was a soldier in the war of 1812. 
Sallie C. Crawford was his third wife. A. B. was the second ot 
their five children. He remained on the old homestead farm in 
Masonville until his marriage, when he bought a farm where he re- 
sided until 1875. He then i-ented his farm and moved to Owens- 
boro. He was appointed Deputy Sheriff in 1874, and held that 
office until 1878. In 1881 was elected Sheriff of Daviess County. 
Mr. Miller married Miss Mary A. Simpson Nov. 18, 1856. She 
was born in Todd County, Ky., in 1839, and was a daughter of 
Payton and Caroline (Foster) Simpson, natives of Kentucky. Mr. 
and Mrs. Miller had seven children, six living — W. P.", Deputy 
Sheriff; Carrie V., wife of T. B. Demaree, of Louisville, Ky.; 
Sallie B. ; James E., learning the machinist's trade in Louisville; 
Charles B., clerking in the Y. M. C. A. rooms at Owensboro, and 
Tilla E. The mother died Sept. 7, 1877. She was a member of 
the Baptist church. Oct. 15, 1878, Mr. Miller married Mrs. Alice 
Murphy, widow of Geo. W. Murphy and daughter of James Tal- 
bott. Mr. and Mrs. Miller are members of the First Baptist Churcii. 
Mr. Miller is a Knight Templar Mason and member of Chapter 
15, Blue Lodge JMo. 130, a member of the Knights of Pythias and 
a member of the Knights of Honor, Lodges Nos. 2,525 and 910. 
In politics he is a Democrat and has always been a supporter of 
that party. He is of German and English descent. 

James Zacharie Moore, attorney at law, was the tenth of four- 
teen children, and the son of Dr. John li. and Mary (Yan Pradel- 
les) Moore, the former a native of Mercer (now Boyle) County, Ky., 

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and the latter of Baltimore, Md. He was born in 1845, in Jeffer. 
sun Countj'^, Ky. Wliile a boy he showed a strong disposition to 
enter the army, through West Point, but iiis father and family, 
"blue-stocking Preibyterians," were toa strongly opposed to it. 
In 1856 the family removed to Missouri, settling on a farm. Here 
young Moore followed agriculture during the summer and attended 
school winters. In February, 1S61, he volunteered fof the State 
militia, but was withdrawn by his father. After the battle of 
Booneville, however, he could confine his zeal no longer, and with 
only a $5 bill and the clothes he wore, he left home, in company 
with another boy, amid a rainy season, swam creeks and rivers and 
endured many hardships, until, after traveling about 300 miles, 
they reached Price's army. Mr. Moore was the youngest in tlie 
brigade. His term of enlistment expired in February, 1862, and, 
after a faithful service during all that time, he quit the army, 
without having received a cent of pay. 

He afterward pursued a collegiate course of study two years, and 
entered the sophomore class at Danville, Ky. ; but limited means 
prevented him from completing the course. After securing a little 
fund as salesman in Evansville, he entered the jimior class at 
Miami University, Oxford, O., and graduated in 1867, taking tlie 
classical honor. Here he established a chapter of the Phi Delta 
Theta Society, which flourished for many years; and he founded 
and partly edited a college paper called the Miami Student. Mr. 
Moore was considered thestrongest member of that graduating class. 
Next he taught school in Daviess County and pursued a course 
ot reading preparatory to the study of law. He attended the law 
department of Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., commenc- 
ing with only s57. He kept "bach," lived economically every 
wiiy, and made his little fund go as far as it would. His' forensic 
efforts made him many stauncli friends. 

Ill 1868 he became a member of the Daviess County bar, where 
he has since practiced, earning from the first the higliest esteem ot 
the judges and of the bar. In 187i he was ai)pointeti Register in 
Bankruptcy. In 1876, as a Republican nominee for Congress, he 
received tlie highest vote ever given a Republican candidate. In 
1878 he threw his influence inTavor of his former opponent, Hon. 
J. A. McKenzie. In 1880 lie visited California. 

In 1871 Mr. Moore was married to Miss Anna Kintner, of Har- 
rison County, Ind., and, saving the loss of a number of their 

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diildren, his domestic relations have been happy. His physique 
is excellent, his a^jpearance prepossessing, his manner digniiied, and 
his mind broad and liberal. In law practice he interposes no 
quibbles, but uses the telescope rather than the microscope. He is 
a friend of popular education, has high hopes of the upward prog- 
ress of humanity, reads and studies a great deal, has an immense 
library, consisting of the very best works, and his motto is, " The 
better thought prevails." 

Priest Moorman was admitted to the bar here, and was City 
Attorney for (Jwensboro in 1877-'8. In 1879 he went to Calhoon. 

Charles N. Morse had an office as a lawyer in 1868, in Eudd's 

James A. Mwrulai/, present State Senator, is an attorney and 
counselor at law, and was formerly editor of the Messenger. 

Eli II. Murra,])., son of David Murray and brother of J. A. 
Murray, of Cloverport, was born in Breckenridge County, bre- 
vetted Major-General in the Confederate service; moved here 
directly after the war and commenced the practice of law in part- 
nership with Jas. L. Johnson; in 1870 he left this county, and has 
since been married. In 1868 he was appointed U. S. Marshal for 
the State of Kentucky, and is now Grovernor of Utali Territory, 
where he was appointed by President Hayes. 

Joseph Noe is a member of the Daviess County bar, and is at 
present the County Attorney. 

M. L. Ogden was born in Caldwell County, Ky., near Princeton, 
Aug. 23, 1835. Two years afterward the family moved to Owens- 
boro, since which time the subject of this sketch has been an 
honored resident of this city. Forty-four years he lived on a lot 
now vacant, just north of the Hill block. A year ago he was 
completely burned out. Ever since he was sixteen years of age he 
has had a rheumatism which resulted in making him a permanent 
cripple, and for twenty years he has had to use a wheel chair, for 
moving about indoors. From 1851-'6 he was Deputy Postmaster, 
while his father was Postmaster; from August, 1859, to Septem- 
ber, 1862, he was County Clerk, and from April to September, 
1868, Circuit Clerk. In 1859 he commenced also assistant clerk 
at the mill, and from 1862 to the present time he has been con- 
tinuously the clerk. In August, 1866, he was married, and he 
has two children. 

Wm. T. Owen, of the firm of Owen & Ellis, attorneys at law, 
was born in Kentucky in 1833. He came to Owensboro in 
December, 1851. After clerking in a store and at the court-house 

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for a time, he studied law with Judge Devereux, and after re- 
ceiving license to practice he opened an office in Calhoon, reinaii]- 
ing there fourteen years. He formed his ]>resent partnership in 

Wm. H. Perhlns has held the oiiice of Sheriff three terms. He 
is a native of "Warren County, Ky., and was horn June 29, 1832. 
His grandparents on his father's side came from Virginia about 
1810, and settled near Bowling Green. His father, Joseph, was 
born in Warren County; he married, in 1831, Eebecca Talbott, of 
Butler County. W. H. Perkins was five year's old wlien he came 
to Daviess County. He was educated at Bon Harbor and Owens- 
boro; he led the life of a farmer until he was twenty-one years of 
age, when he was appointed Constable and afterward Deputy 
Sherifl. Most of his life lias been spent in business connected with 
public offices. In 1866 he was elected Sheriff. May 6, 1862, lie 
married Miss Mildred Duke, of Oliio County. They have three 
children. Mr. Perkins was politically a Wliig, but afterward 
became a Democrat. He has carried on a farm since he was 
eigliteen years old, and was also for two years engaged in the 
grocery business in Owensboro, with John Thixton. He has been 
one of the popular officials of this county. 

John Piles, Sheriff 1823-'5, was one of the renowned wags or 
madcaps of the county; and many stories, even at this late day, 
are related of liis amusing pranks and eccentricities. 

Major John Popu, one of the most successful members of tlie 
bar, came from Springfield, Ky., located on a farm below town, 
and became wealthy.. He served in the Soutliern army, and after 
the war he moved into town and practiced law with Wm. !N. 
Sweeney. He died Oct. 29, 1866, a devout Christian, esteemed 
by all who knew him. 

J. D. Powers, born Oct. 17. 1844, in llawesvillf, Hancock Ci>., 
Ky., is a son of Stephen and Emily N. (Slirader) Powers. His 
father was a native of Ohio, and liis mother ot' Hancock Cnunty, 
Ky. Mr. Powers was admitted to tlio bar in the full of 1^73, at 
Hawc^ville, and becan to practice there. He located at ( )w('n:jb()ri>, 

1 h r to ' 

Dec. 27, lfS77, and practiced nearly a year alone, then formed the 
copartnership with Judge G. W. "Williams, which still continuet. 
Politically he is a Democrat: was Assistant Elector in Stute at 
large in 1S76, on Tilden and Hendricks' ticket; vvas a nieinhi.'r o!' 
the Legislature of Keiitucky, representing Hancock Couiity in 
1873- '4. He was elected Vice-President of Fir.'ri "^^■at^ona! Pan!' 

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iu the spring of 1882. Oct. 19, 1875, he married Clara Hawes, 
youngest daughter of Hon. Albert Gallatin Hawes, and a native of 
Owensboro. They have six sons and one daughter. 

Geo. W. Bay, attorney, was born May 24, 1819, in "Washington 
County, Ky. ; was married Jnly 18, 1848, to Margaret J. Harris, of 
the same county. In 1851 he graduated at the University of 
Louisville, and in the fall of 1859 he came to Owensboro, where he 
has since been engaged in the practice of law. 

G. L. Beinhard, a lawyer in Owensboro some years ago, is now 
a Circuit Judge, residing at Rockport, Ind. 

Oamden Biley, Sr., is an old member of the Daviess County 
bar. He is a native of this county, and moved into Owensboro 
in 1865. 

Camden BiUy, Jr., nephew of the preceding, was admitted to 
the bar in 1878, but is now mainly engaged iii the manufacture of 
whisky, at Yelvington. 

H. W. Scott was born in Nelson County in 1814. At the age 
of eighteen he entered St. Mary's College, where he remained three 
years, then went to Spencer County and engaged in school-teaching. 
Nov. 23, 1828, he married Catharine Beard, and continued to teach 
school for a year longer, then commenced farming in Spencer 
County. In October, 1852, he moved to Daviess County, where 
he has since resided. He taught school a while, then bought a 
farm on the Litchfield road, with intention of devoting himself to 
agricultural pursuits. He had early in life made himself familiar 
with the science of surveying, and in this respect his services were 
80 highly valued that at the election of 1858 he was chosen County 
Surveyor of Daviess County. He retained this position ten suc- 
cessive years, and in 1868 was chosen Sheriff of the county. He 
held the position two terras, and in 1874 was again elected to the 
same office. Few men have served more faithfully. 

J. D. Shortell, lawyer; office over the First National Bank, was 
born in Ireland, in 1843, the son of James and Mary Shortell. 
They came to this country in 1849, and soon after arriving 
settled in Owensboro, where the subject of this sketch has 
since principally made it his home. His father followed the gro- 
cery business in this city, and died in 1860. Soon after the war 
broke out James D. and his mother visited their native land, and 
in the fall of 1864 returned to their adopted home In America. 
Mr. S. was educated at the Daviess County Academy in Owens- 

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bore, and St. Mary's College at Lebanon, Ky. On his return from 
Ireland in L86i, he was employed in the Provost Marshal's oiEce, 
and in the Internal Revenue Department, Fourth District of Ken- 
tncky, from 1865 to 187i, — offices at Lebanon, Shelbyville and 
Greensbursf. In 1876 he returned to Owensboro with the view of 
practicing law, where be had been admitted to the bar the previous 
year. Until 1882 he was bookkeeper and cashier for R. Monarch 
& Co., in the whisky trade, and then he was employed by M. P. 
Mattingly in a similar capacity. Up to 1881 he acted as attorney 
for the distillers here, representing their inter'^sts at Wasbington. 
Mr. Shorten is a lawyer of superior talent, and is a keen witted, 
thorough going gentleman. 

Robert W. Slack was bora in Bardstown, Ky., in 1848; was 
educated in the schools of that place and at Cecilian College; studied 
law with James Montgomery at Elizabeth town, and was admitted 
to the bar at that place in 1870. In 1873 he came to Owensboro; 
in 1876 he formed a partnership with Judge L. P. Little, which 
was dissolved in 1880 by the latter being elected Judge, and since 
May, 1882, he has been in partnership with Jo Haycraft. He 
was City Attorney 187 3-' 5. 

M. G. Stirman, attorney, was born in Owensboro, April 28, 1858. 
His parents, Dr. W. D. and R. A. (Wall) Stirman, are residents 
of this city. M. G. was the second of four sons. He first attended 
the private school of H. P. Hart, and at the age of eleven or 
twelve entered the common schools, graduating at the high school 
in 1874; he completed his education at the. State University of 
Indiana in 1879. He was admitted to the Kentucky bar in March, 
1882, and has since followed his profession. In 1882 he was elected 
County Superintendent, and still retains that oiiice. 

James Stuart, born March 22, 1820, within three miles of the 
birthplace of Abraham Lincoln, in Hardin, now La Rue, County, 
Ky., was a son of Alexander L. and Jane Allen (McLure) Stuart. 
Ills mother was of Scotch-Irish descent, and was born in 1783 in 
Logan's Station, and died in 1875, within tsvo days of ninety-two 
years of ago. His father was a son of Alexander L. Stuart, whose 
parents were fugitives from Scotland. His father died on ship- 
board, and his mother a few months after reaching Virginia. Alex- 
ander was reared in the family of Colonel McKee, and when sixteen 
years of age entered the Revolutionary war and served till 
its close. He then came to Kentucky, and after serving in all the 
campaigns against the Indians located in Warren County, being 

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among its first settlers. He had a family of three sons and five 
daughters, the most of whom died in early life of consumption. 
His son, Alexander L., raised a company when nineteen years of 
age and served in the war of 1812. He was twice married and had 
three children, a daughter and two sons. He died at the age of 
thirty-four, and his youngest son at the age of thirty. James 
Stuart is, therefore, probably the only remaining male member of 
the original Stuart family. His early education was obtained in 
what was called the old field schools. His professional education 
was commenced in the ofiBce of the noted Jo Allen. He was 
licensed to practice when nineteen years of age. Judge McLean be- 
ing the first and Judge Churchill the second to sign the license. 
Soon after receiving his license he was married to Mary 0. Fair- 
leigb, daughter of the clerk of Meade County, and located in 
Brandenburg. In 1849 he was elected to represent Meade County 
in the Legislature. The Constitutional Convention was provided 
for at that session of the Legislature. He was a candidate for 
Circuit Judge in 1850 bnt was defeated. In 1856 he was elected 
to that oflBce, and re-elected in 1862. Having removed to Owens- 
boro in 1867, he resigned his oflice and became a partner of Hon. 
W. K. Sweeney in the practice of law. In 1874 he was again 
elected Circuit Judge. He was a candidate for re-election in 1880 
but was defeated. He is now practicing in Owensboro. He is 
probably the oldest lawyer in the Grreen River country. 

As a lawyer Mr. Stuart has been retained in several of what the 
lawyers denominate "6'asiw ceZeJres." Of these we mention the 
following prosecution for murder: The first in order of time was 
perhaps the Commonwealth vs. Thos. Florence, indicted for the 
murder of a Mrs. Green, in the Hardin Circuit Court. The case at- 
tracted such attention that not a juror resident in the county could 
be had to sit in the trials. It was twice mooted before juries 
brought from other counties but in each instance the result was 
hung juries,— six for acquitting and six for conviction, — and, sin- 
gularly enough, the juries stood in the same form, for in each those 
who would convict were four for manslaughter and ten years penal 
service, and two for murder and the penalty of death. 

The next was the prosecution in the name of the Commonwealth 
V9. James, George and David Smith, charged with the murder of 
Dr. Hughes in Hardin County, at Glendale. They were indicted 
in Hardin County but the venue being changed to Grayson, they 
were Acquitted amid the plaudits of those who witnessed the trial. 

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The defense was placod on the grontui of killed in the defense of their 
father. The case was so noticeable that Oolonul Brcckcnridife 
was brought from Lexington to prosecute and an Jible firm of law- 
3'ers in Elizabethtown, also retained in aid of the State's Attorney, 
and the subject of this sketch taken up from Owensboro to aid in 
the defense. 

The next was the case of the Commonwealth vs. Peyton Kin- 
cheloe and two others, charged with the murder of Avis Tliogmorton 
in the Daviess Circuit Court. We need say nothing of this, as the 
homicide and trial took place in this county and of course the par- 
ticulars and circumstances are as well known as we could detail 
them. It may be proper for us to state that the defendant was read- 
ily acquitted on the plea of self-defense. The Florence case was never 
tried out, the Government after the hung juries having "non-prossed" 
the case. Mr. Stuart was also in the defense of Wm. Bell, indicted 
in the Federal Court at Louisville, for the murder of a colored man, 
OundiflF. This was the first case under what is known as the civil 
rights law. Bell, after a hung jury, was capitally convicted, but was 
rescued on a motion for a new trial and finally the case went off for 
want of jurisdiction in the court. At an early day in professional 
life Mr. Stuart made a defense for James Dejarnett, charged with 
barn burning, in the Breckenridge Circuit Court. This case was 
noticeable on account of the character of the Dejarnett family. As 
a judge he eat in seven capital cases, and rendered seven capital 
sentences. In two of these the condemned committed suicide the 
uight before they were to suffer. During the war he had many 
thrilling adventures and was often captured in the guerrilla raids. 
He was holding court at Hawesville when the great mob occurred 
which resulted in the murder of Thos. Lowe in the jail, which at 
the time was regarded as the most tragic affair which had ever 
happened in the State; and we suppose, coupled with subsequent 
events which grew out of it, nothing could be more dramatic in 
real life. He was in neither army although offered a colonelcy 
thrice, pending the war. 

As a judge it is thought that Mr. Stuart has decided more cases 
than any other judge in America; for a time he averaged probably 
ten thousand a year. 

Mr. Stuart is also a writer, as he has published articles in the 
press, and has composed some fine poems, — among them "The Old 
Dance," "Bob Walker," " Mania a Potu," etc. An extraordina- 
rily good poem of his was occasioned by his reading an account of 

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the discovery of an English inumniy with a harp in its hand, one 
string of which was still in tune, after a lapse of thousands of 
years! He has a family of three sons and one daughter — William 
A., Charles, Alfred A. and L?ttie Logan. 

W. A. Stuart was born in Brandenburg, Meade County, Ky., 
Sept. 8, 1847. He came to Daviess'Count}, Ky., in 1867, and has 
since made Owensboro his home. He was Master Commissioner 
of Daviess Circuit Court during the years 1876 and 1877. From 
Jan. 1, 1878, to Sept. 10, 1882, he was Internal Revenue Collector 
of the Second District of Kentucky. 

Hon. WiUiam ]V. Sweeney, one of the leading members of the 
Daviess County bar, was born in Liberty, Casey Co., Ky., 
May 5, 1832. His grandfather, Charles Sweeney, was a native of 
Virginia, and on emigrating to Kentucky settled in Casey (then 
Lincoln) County, where Joel Sweeney, the father of William N., 
was born. Joel married Obedience Edwards, of Garrard County. 

Mr. Sweeney obtained his early education in liis native town; 
was aflerward a student in Bethany College, West Virginia. At 
the age of seventeen he began to study law with his father, who 
was educated as a lawyer, but had practiced his profession very 
little. He subsequently pursued his legal studies with McDowell 
Fogle, one of the first lawyers of Liberty. On his admission to 
the bar he beganjpractice at Liberty, a;t the same time occupying 
the position of Deputy Clerk of the court. He came to Owens- 
boro, May 4, 1853, and commenced practicing law. In 1854 he 
was elected County Attorney, and held the office four years. In 
January of the same y^ar he was married to Lizzie Rodgers, of 
Owensboro. In 1856 he entered into a partnership with R. H. 
Taylor, which continued six or seven years. In 1860 his name 
appeared on the Breckenridge electoral ticket for Kentucky. In 
1866 he was a candidate for Congress in the Second Congressional 
District, and was defeated by John Young Brown, by one vote. 
In 1868 he was nominated for the same office by the Democratic 
Convention, and was elected over Langley, of Henderson, the Ke- 
publican candidate, and H. D. McHeury, Democrat. He served 
one term ably and honorably. Declining a re-election, he resumed 
his practice at the bar. In 1863 he formed a law partnership with 
John Pope, which continued three or four years. 

Mr. Sweeney is celebrated among the members of the bar for 
the rapidity and accuracy displayed in his drawing up of legal 
documents. He is a close reasoner, a logical speaker, convincing 

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by argument and reasoning rather than winning by rhetoric and 
eloquence. Though distinguished most by civil practice, he has 
been engaged in nearly all criminal cases of importaooe. He wa« 
one of the leading lawyers in the case of the Commonwealth V8. 
the Kincheloes and Luckett, for the murder of Throckmorton, one 
of the most noted cases tried in recent years in Kentucky. The 
prosecution was ably conducted by the late Phil. Lee, of Louisville, 
at that time considered the most successful prosecutor in the State. 
Mr. Sweeney's participation in this trial (gained him much celeb- 
rity, and his speech on giving the case to the j^ry was regarded as 
a remarkably fine eftort. His standing at the bar is such that for 
the last ten years he has been chosen on one side or the other of 
every important case tried in the Daviess. County courts. 

James J. and Wm. C. Sweeney, sons of the preceding, are in 
partnership with him in the practice of law. 

G. W. Swoope, attorney and counselor at law, Owensboro. 
A. C. Tanner, a resident of McLean County, practiced a little 
in the courts of Daviess County; he is now at Evansville. 

E. P. & R. H. Taylor are attorneys, who^e office is over the 
First National Bank. E. P. is a native of this county, located in 
Owensboro in 1873, and was admitted to the bar in 1875. His 
age now is about thirty-two. 

Eichard H. was born in Daviess County, Ky., Jan. 29, 1835. 
He was reared on a farm and educated in this county. In 1858 
he commenced the practice of law in the courts of Daviess and 
adjoining counties. He has been a member of the City Council 
and has been City Attorney for Owensboro several years; has also 
been Master Commissioner of Daviess Circuit Court. He was a 
Director of tlie Planters' Bank several years, and was subsequently 
its President. When the bank was changed to the First National 
Bank of Owensboro, Mr. Taylor still continued its President. He 
is practicing law and carrying on a farm of 130 acres a mile and a 
half southeast of Owensboro, where he resides at the present time. 
He also owns 480 acres near Yelvington, 200 acres in Hancock 
County, city property in Owensboro, and thirteen acres adjoining 
Owensboro. He, was married in December, 1858, in Jefterson 
County, Ky., to Mary Fielder, a native of St. Louis, Mo., bom in 
September, 1839. They have four children— Gibson, born Aug. 
1, 1861; Susan, September, 1863; Samuel P., March, 1874, and 
Zach, May, 1880. 

Clinton K Tharp, lawyer, was bom in Mariotf County, Ky., 


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(>ct. 28, 1S4S. His early (Hlncatioi) was received in the coinmoD 
scliooly fif I">n/, less County, anil hif colietnato at Ceeilian College, 
tinil ar tiic- Keiituckj rTiiiver?ity at Lexiii,^toa. He subserjueiitly 
f5iii(lif-tl law an'l ^n-adnated in tlie law dc-partmciitof tlie [Jniversity 
ol'MiHdgari. Was a iDcmboi' of the Legislature lS77-'9, from 
Daviesh County. In 1S80 he moved to Washington County, Ind. 
Jo.oej)/i T/ton<yi'?, Teller of the First National Bank, of OwensborO) 
was born May 1, 1S22, in New Orleans, La., the son of Joseph 
and Eliza (Wt'iKsenfels) Tiiomas. Before he was five years of age 
Genera! Jackson, when on a visit to New Orleans, gave him a half 
dollar bearing the inscription: "Gen. A. Jackson to J. Thomas, 
January 11th, 1828." He has sacredly preserved the gift through 
prosperity and adversity, and indicates his purpose to hand it 
down to future generations. The coin was made in 1806, but is 
only slightly worn. When ten years of age his father died, and 
the family moved to Bardstown, Ky., where Joseph went to school, 
attending St. Joseph's College four years. In 1837 he came to 
Owen.sboro, wlierehe was still further educated under the direction 
of Mr. Scarborough, , a most excellent teacher. On entering the 
responsibilities of a more independent liie, Mr. TJiomas, being a 
fine penman and accountant, struck out in the mercantile line, first 
entering the dry-goods store of T. W. Watkins, then in the same 
trade alone, next a flouring mill, which was ultimately burned, 
then a saw-mill, pork trade, etc. He was Circuit Clerk of Daviess 
County six years, then deputy under John P. Thompson about 
three years, and then succeeded Mr. Thompson as Circuit Clerk 
again for a few months. Since 1873 he has been connected with 
the bank formerly called "The Planters," and now The First Na- 
tional. Mr. Thomas was married Jan. 16, 1844, to Miss Sarah 
Watkins, a native of Maryland, who died Nov. 7, 1856, leaving 
four children. Oct. 5, 1857, Mr. T. married Sarah M. Gi-issom, 
and she died July 21, 1878, leaving two children. There are now 
living five children of Mr. Thomas', namely: William, in Mem- 
phis; Alice, now Mrs. Bnrkhart, in Owensboro; Pell, clerk on the 
Anchor line of steamers between St. Louis and Memphis; Joseph, 
Jr., employed in the First National Bank of Owensboro; and 
Alfred, at home and attending school. Mr. Thomas has been a 
Buccessfnl business man, but has met with many serious misfort- 
unes — losses by fire, sickness and death. It is worthy of mention 
here that Mr. T. kept an elaborate diary for nearly thirty years of 
his life, whicii is described raore'fully in the chapter on "Meteor- 

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Phil. Thompson, one of the first three lawyers resident in 
BaTiess Connty, figares very largely in Chapter II. of this book. 
The old portion of the Upper Ward . brick school-honse was built 
by him, in oonsidoration of a certain number of land warrant* 
signed over to him. He is principally remembered as one of the 
parties in the famous duel with Robert Triplett. He himself was 
afterward killed by Mr. Jeffries in November, 1836, on the left- 
hand side of Frederica street, between Main street and the river. 
There was a quarrel between them growing out of the burning of 
some property which the other owned. It is s+^ted that the only 
living witness of" that famous duel is Colonel Jesse L. McRoekliUy 
now a resident of Blanco County, Texas. He started from Owensboro 
for that country during the great star-fall of Nov. 13, 1833, and 
has never returned to this place but once since then, and that was 
two or three years ago on a visit to a relative. 

John E. Timms was a practicing attorney at law in Owensboro 
in 1868 at. least. Office in Rudd's building. 

C. S. Walker ^^d.1, admitted to the bar in South Carolina in 1870; 
moved to Kentucky in 1871. He has been practicing law in 
Owensboro since September, 1871. In February, 1880, he became 
a member of the law firm of Weir, Weir & Walker. 

James Weir, of the firm just mentioned, has been for many 
years one of the most influential citizens of Kentucky. See 
Chapter IX, " Authors and Artists." 

John O. Weir, a son of the preceding, is a member of the firm 
of Weir, Weir &• Walker. 

D. K. Weis was a lawyer of Owensboro a few years. 

Geo. Weissinger, who was once a lawyer here, is now in Louis- 

J. M. Wells is a fine lawyer now doing a prosperous bnsiness«a 
Horse Cave, Ky. This is his native State. He was admitted to 
the bar in this circuit and was practicing here in 1878. 

Oeorge W. Williams is one of tlie oldest members of the Owens- 
boro bar, and one of the most prominent lawyers in this part of the 
State. He was born in Breckenridge County, Nov. 7, 1814. His 
parents, Otho and Mildred Williams, were Yirginians, and among 
the earlier emigrants to Kentucky. Their five children were Nathan 
A., James R., William A., Hugh T. and George W., who is the 
yotiftgest. Judge Williams worked on his father's farm until the 
age of twenty, and he grew to maturity without acquiring even the 
rudiments of an English t,ducation. His attendance at the schools 

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of tiiiit vicinity did not exceed nine months. In ]>3o, liy the kind- 
110^,3 of two of his brothers who had settled in Louisville, he was 
enabled to attend a better class of schools than he had found in his 
native county. He there entered the scho;)] conducted by Messrs. 
Cissell and Hanover, where he made considerable ].rogrcss in the 
higher branches; but his means and time were too limited to admit 
of anything like thorouj^hness in any department of learning, and 
jie has deeply felt the want of better and more extended scholastic 
training. In 1837 he located at Helena, Ark., where he taught a 
private school during the year 1S3S; but losing his health, he re- 
turned to Louisville, and entered the office of Tliomasson & Boone 
as a law student. In 1840, having obtained a license to practice 
law, he located at Ilawesville, the county seat of his native county, 
in the vicinity of which he continued to reside, farming, practicing 
his profession, and presiding as Circuit Judge of the district, until 
he located at Owensboro, where ho has been actively engaged in his 
practice since September, 1870. In 18il he married Mary W. 
Hamilton, daughter of Andrew Hamilton, a farmer of Hancock 
County. She was born in Franklin County, Ky. Mr. and Mrs. 
Williams raised five children— Hamilton, married Nannie Hall, 
daughter of Major Wm. F. Hall, and died leaving one daughter; 
Jane, wife of Judge W. P. Baker, resident of Daviess County; 
James R, now deceased; Mary Ruth, and Hugh A., who was 
admitted to the Daviess County bar in 1881. 

Judge "Williams has but little taste for official positions, holding 
that as a general rule " private station is the post of honor," and 
enioying with keen apprcQiation that freedom from restraint of 
thought and expression which official positions usually impose. 
He has, however, departed occasionally from this principle; in 
1850-'l he served in the Legislature of Kentucky as a Represen- 
tative from the counties of Hancock and Ohio, receiving, against 
two formidable competitors, every vote in Hancock County, except 
thirty-seven. In 1856 he was chosen a Buchanan elector in the 
Second Congressional District. In 1857 he was nominated by the 
Democratic party for the State Senate, but was defeated by John 
B. Bruner, Esq., of Breckenridge County, who was the represen- 
tative of the "American party," which had an overwhelming major- 
ity in the district. He was an ardent supporter of John C. Brecken- 
ridge for the Presidency in 1860. In 1867 he was elected Circuit 
Judge of the Third Judicial District, which office he held until 
January, 1870, when he resigned the officQ. In this year he was a 

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candidate for the office of Judge of the Court of Appeals in the 
Fourth Appellate District, but the Democratic party having de- 
termined to make a political nomination for the office, he withdrew 
his name from the canvass upon the ground that he was unwilling 
to accept that high judicial position under a political nomination; 
but at the same time felt it his duty to defer to the judgment of his 
party in their determination to make a political nomination for the 

Judge Williams co-operated with the Whig party until it was 
absorbed by the American party in 1855, since which he has uni- 
formly acted with the Democratic party in all political contests. 
He was an ardent sympathizer with the Confederate movement, 
and urged that the State of Kentucky should unite with the other 
Southern States and make common cause with them. His sym- 
pathy with the South led to an order for his arrest, to avoid which 
he exiled himself in Canada. The war being over he accepted its 
results, and holds that duty, patriotism, and honor demand a 
united co-operation of each section for the common interests of all 
sections of a common country. Judge Williams is distinguished 
for his industry, and the assiduity with which he devotes himself 
to whatever he undertakes. He holds that unremitting application 
to business, rather than the gifts of nature, is the basis of success in 
the practice of law. 

In August, 1882, he was a candidate for tlie office of Superior 
Judge for the Western Judicial District of Kentucky. A plurality 
of delegates were instructed to vote for Judge Williams; he was 

Hugh A. Williams, son of Geo. W.Williams, Esq., was admitted 
to the bar in 1882, and he has his office in tiie same room with his 

J. Q. Winfrey came here from Virginia in 1877, practiced law 
for awhile, and moved to Evansville, Ind., where he is now follow- 
ing his profession. 

Oeorge Hdm Teaman was born in Hardin County, Ky., Nov. 
1, 1829. Had a grammar-school education, studied law at home, 
without a yjreceptor, was admitted to the bar in 1851, and without 
having had any experience as a practitioner removed to Owensboro 
in 1852. One of the iirst cases of any importance lie ever tried was 
Dickens against Call icon and others, in McLean County, an action 
of ejectment, placed in liis hands by an eminent lawyer of Elizabeth 
town, Ky. 

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While striving to establish himself professionally, he became 
editor of the Owensboro Gazette^ a weekly, by way of employing 
spare time, and adding somewhat to his limited income. Although 
his editorial labors did not at all interfere with his attention to 
business, he has always regarded his connection with the paper as 
a mistake, tending to divert from him recognition as a lawyer. 
One editorial, in opposition to the repeal of the Missouri Compro- 
mise, attracted wide attention and comment. 

In Angnst, 1854, while practicing law and editing the Gazette, 
he was elected County Judge of Daviess County, which office he 
held for four years. Although such an office was an honor to so 
young a man, and though he could and did continue his practice 
in the Circuit Courts and Court of Appeals, he discovered that the 
position rather retarded than advanced his principal aim — to be- 
come eminent in his profession — and declined to be a candidate 
for re-election. 

He was married Nov. 20, 1855, to Lelia P., daughter of Eobert 
Triplett. After the expiration of his term as County Judge, he 
continued to practice, both in the Circuit Courts and the Court of 
Appeals, until the breaking out of the civil war, when, in Au- 
gust, 1861, he was elected to the Legislature of Kentucky, by a 
small majority. The canyatss was one ot' the most active, heated, 
and earnestly contested ever made in the county. He was the 
candidate of what was known as the Union party, opposed to se- 
cession, and opposed to calling a convention to consider the ques- 
tion, the Eepublican party having at that time a very small 
following in riie State. 

The following session of the Legislature covered an important 
and critical period in the history of the State. Before his term of 
two years had expired, he was, at a special election, held in Oc- 
tober, 1862, elected to Congress from the Second District, to fill the 
vacancy caused by the death of General James S. Jackson, and 
served one session. In August, 1863, he was re-elected, and served 
the full term. While in Congress he advocated and voted for the 
Constitutional Amendment abolishing slavery in the United States. 
He became a candidate for re-election, and in August, 1865, was 
defeated, though securing a larger vote than when elected. 

In the autumn of 1865, without any solicitation or application 
on his part, he was named as Minister to Copenhagen, and sailed 
for that capital in October, 1865. Wiiile residing at Co])enliageij 
he wrote and published the " Study of Government." Early in 

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HISTORY OF DA\'IKSS (Ji.lfM'V. I .'i 1 

1870 he tendered his resignation, but rcuiaiucd at his ]iMht until 
his successor arrived in October, when he took leave ot tlie Daui-h 
Government and returned to the United States. lie di<l ii'")t resume 
the practice of his profession in Kentuckj-, but settled in New 
York, where he has since resided. Since removing to New York 
he has taken an active interest in the labors of the Bar Association 
of that city, has been Vice-President and President of the Medico- 
Legal Society, and for several years was lecturer on Constitutional 
Law in the Law School of Columbia College. 

In politics Mr. Yeaman, as a young man, was a Clay Whig, ot 
the protective tariff school, but is now an ardent free-ti'ader. After 
the disruption of the Whig party, he advocated the election of the 
Bell and Everett ticket. In Congress he co-operated with conser- 
vative border State Union men, such as Crittenden, Griden and 
Wadsworth of Kentucky, and Kollins of Missouri. After the po- 
sition of affairs became such as to render, in his opinion, that course 
impracticable, if not unwise, he sustained the Republican party, as 
a moderate, not radical, member of it, and in New York has of 
late sided with the Garfield Hepublicans, called "half-breeds" by 
the stalwarts. 

John C. Yeiser was a lawyer in Owensboro, in 1868 at least, in 
partnership with B. H. Triplett. 

Martin Yewell, the present County Attorney, was born and 
raised about three miles from Owensboro, southeasterly'. Was Dep- 
uty Sheriff for a time. Present office, with Owen & Ellis, north 
side of the public. square. 

Colonel Charles S. Todd, a distinguished politician and statesman, 
was for many years a resident of this county and was the son of 
the late Thomas Todd, who filled the high office of Judge of the 
Supreme Court of the United States, lie was from near Danville, 
Ky., on 2-2d January, 1791, and graduated with high reputation, at 
the ancient university of William and Mary in Virginia in 1809, 
and in ISIO attended a course of lectures in Litchfield, Conn., by 
Judges Heeves and Gould. 

In ISll he established a law office in Lexington, but at that time 
the second war with Great Britain broke out and he took part in 
the contest, and in 1812 volunteered his services and was elected 
ensign in one of the companies from Lexington, though before the 
march of the troops in August, was appointed to a situation in the 
Quartermaster General's Department which made him, the acting 
Quartermaster of the advance, of the left wing, of the North- 

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western Army. In December he was appointed into General 
Harrison's stalf, as Division Judge Advocate of the Kentucky 
troops. In this capacity he was the bearer, 100 miles across the 
wilderness on ice and snow, of the confidential instructions from 
the Commander-in-chief to General Winchester, previous to the dis- 
astrous affair of the river Raison. McAfee's History of the war, 
Butler's History of Kentucky, and Judge Hall's life of Harrison, 
all speak of incidents in this campaign, in which Ensign Todd's 
enterprise and intrepidity were highly commended. He was 
appointed to a vacancy of Captain in tlie Seventeenth Hegiment of 
Infantry, and after commanding the recruiting rendezvous of the 
regiment at Newport, was transferred to an original vacancy in 
the Twenty-eighth Regiment of Infantry attached to the brigade 
of General Cass and was appointed aid to General Harrison. 

During tlie summer of 1814 Major Todd acted also as Adju- 
tant General of the district and is thus handsomely noticed in 
General McArthur's report of the expedition into Canada during 
that fall : " I have tlie support of the troops in assuring you, that 
to the military talents, activity and intelligence of Major Todd, who 
acted as nn' Adjutant General, much of the fortunate, progress and 
issue of this expedition is attributable." 

In march following he was promoted to the position of Inspector 
General with the brevet rank and pay of Colonel of Cavalry. Upon the 
disbandment of the army in 1815 he returned to his profession at 
Frankfort, and in 1816 married the youngest daughter of Governor 
Isaac Shelby. 

Soon after be was appointed " Secretary of State" by Governor 
Madison. Colonel Todd resigned this office upon the death of Gover- 
nor Madison, and the year following was elected to the Legislature 
from Franklin County, and again in 181S. 

In 1820 Colonel Todd was appointed Minister to Colombia, South 
America, upon a confidential mission, with the pay and duties of 
a chargi^ (Vaffalres. He returned to the United States in 1821, and 
resumed his yjosition at the capital of Colombia in 1822, bearing 
the recognition of the independence of that Government. At the 
close of the mission to Colombia, in 1824, Colonel Todd returned to 
the United States, and established himself upon a tract of land in 
Shelby County, originally located by Governor Shelby. In 1837 
to '39 he served as a commissioner in the Presbyterian General 
Assembly, in Philadelphia, by which the separation was eifected, 
he sustaining the Old School party. In 1840 he was invited by the 

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committees of Ohio and Kentucky, in connection with the late 
Benj. Drake, of Ohio, to prepare sketches of the civil and military 
history of General Harrison. He then assumed the editorial charge 
of the Cincinnati Republican, devoted to the support of General 
Harrison's claims to the Presidency. Colonel Todd accompanied 
General Harrison to Washington, and remained with him as a 
member of his family during the short interval that he occupied 
the Presidential chair, and as the last sad office accompanied his 
remains to North Bend, and by request of Mrs. Harrison selected 
the spot for his burial. 

On the death of Harrison, President Tyler, desiring to carry out 
the wishes of Harrison, appointed Colonel Todd Envoy-Extraordi- 
nary to St. Petersburg, and John Lathrop Motley, was chosen 
first Secretary of Legation, and they reached St. Petersburg early 
in November, 1841. 

The Emperor of Russia held him in high esteem, and he was 
elected a member of the Imperial Agricultural Society, the only 
compliment of the kind ever paid an American citizen. His mis- 
sion to Russia expired in 1846, and he returned to the United 
States. In 1850 he accepted a mission, in company with Robert 
B. Campbell and Oliver P. Temple, tendered them by the United 
States Government, to treat with the Indian tribes on the borders 
of the United States and Mexico. 

Col(Tnel Todd was among the first of American statesmen who 
advocated and demonstrated the practicability of the Pacific Rail- 
road from the Mississippi, through Te.vas to EI Paso, and was 
elected Vice-President of the road upon its organization, and held 
that position up to the breaking out of the late war. 

Colonel Todd then removed to Owensboro, and was appointed 
United States Assessor by President Lincoln for Southwestern 
Kentucky, which position he retained during the war, when his 
feeble health and increasing years would not permit him to engage 
any longer in public life, and the last years of his life were spent 
with his children in Owensboro, Ky. Ho was reared in the mil- 
itary school of Harrison and was a pupil in the diplomatic school 
of Monroe, and with his riyje experience in public affairs and high 
mental accomplishments, united to courteous and graceful man- 
ners, was worthy to have been associated with such eminent patriots 
and illustrious statesmen as Madison, Monroe, Adams, Harrison, 
Clay and AVebster. After having discharged faithfully and with 
ability all the duties of tlie man, the soldier, the patriot and states- 

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man, he died at an advanced ai^e, wliile on a visit to liis grand- 
daughter, at Baton Rouge, La., May 16, 1S71. 

iiolert S. Todd, born Dec. 7, 1856, in Daviess County, is a 
Bon of David F. and Jane II. Todd. He lived on a farm till the 
fall of 1865, when his parents moved to Owensboro. During the 
fall of 1873 he taught a district school for a short time, and 
in the winter of tlie same year entered the county clerk's office as 
deputy; continued in this office till December, 1S77, when he was 
appointed Master Commissioner and Receiver for Daviess County 
Circuit Court: continued till September, 18S0, when he resigned 
and procured license to practice law, at the September term of 
1880, of Daviess Circuit Court. He began the study of law in 1875, 
while lie was in the clerk's ofiice. On the 15tli day of March, 1881, 
he formed a partnership with Geo. W. Jolly, and is now engaged 
in the practice of his profession. He was married April 8, 1879, 
to Curram P. Thrustum, daughter of Colonel A. S. Thrustum 
(deceased), a Colonel in the Te.xan war. They have one daughter, 
Jeane D., born Jan. 26, 1880. 

Bt^rT H. Triplett was a prominent lawyer in Owensboro for a 
number of years. 

Oeorge V. Triplett, editor of the Saturday Post, is a member of 
the bar. See Chapter VIII., " The Press." 

Geo. W. Triplett. The "life of Judge Triplett has been closely 
identified with the history of Daviess County for many -years. 
Forty-two years ago he came to the county, and in his public career 
has filled the position of County Surveyor, member of the House 
of Representatives, member of the Senate of Kentucky, member 
of the Confederate Congress, and Judge of the County Court. 

The original three brothers of the name of Triplett were doubt- 
less the ancestors of all by that name in tliis country. Judge 
Triplett's great-grandfather, John Triplett, emigrated from England 
to Virginia at a date which reaches back to the colonial period. 
His grandfather, also John Triplett by name, was born in Culpeper 
County, and followed the profession of public surveyor, holding 
a commission from George III., then King of England. The 
struggle of the thirteen colonies for their independence found him 
on the side of freedom. He joined the patriot army together with 
five of his sons, whose names were John, Roger, William, IS'athan- 
iel and Hedgeman. The last and the youngest of these, Hedgeraan 
Triplett, became the father of Judge Triplett. He was born in 
Culpeper County, Va.. about the year 1760. He was only six- 

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teen years of age when he ran away from home, at the beginning 
of the Revolutionary war, to join the army. At eighteen he was 
made Lieutenant and served till the conclusion of the struggle, 
doing his share of the fighting at Guilford Court-House, on the 
field of Cowpens, and of Brandy wine. Himself and all his brothers 
except Roger, who was badly wounded, were present at the battle 
of Yorktown. John and Roger were Captains. 

After the war, about the year 1782, Hedgeman married Miss 
IS'ancy Popham, daughter of Job Popham, who was sent over 
from England to dispose of those who were exiled for minor crimes. 
He was a descendant of Sir John Popham, who came to Massa- 
chusetts as an agent of the Government t9 establish a colony that 
failed. Job's wife was a Miss Nail, of Virginia. Hedgeman emi- 
grated to Kentucky and settled in Scott County, stopping the first 
season at Bourbon. He lived in Scott County ten years, then 
moved to Franklin County, where he died in 1837. He had in all 
a family of twelve children, ten of whom grew to maturity; three 
are living. Nancy married Edmund Poe and died at the age of 
ninety-five: Betsey Gravett is now aged ninety-six; Mildred mar- 
ried Mr. "Wright, and died at the age of eighty-six; William is in 
Platte County, Mo., in his eighty-sixth year; Hedgeman died many 
years ago in Franklin County, Ky.; John was killed in a steamboat 
explosion near New Orleans; Frank died at the age of about thirty- 
eight, and was buried on Island No. 10. 

George W. Triplett, the subject of this sketch, was born Feb. 
18, 1809, in Franklin County, Ky. His early education was lim- 
ited, but at the age of sixteen he pursued the study of grammar, 
geography, surveying, trigonometry and other branches in a school 
of higher grade than ordinary. In 18i7 he began teaching school 
in Scott Count}', and taught for six consecutive years. Oct. 18, 
1827, he married Amelia A. Head, a native of Scott County, but 
whose ancestors were from Orange County, Ya. While teaching 
school Mr. Triplett began surveying, and served two or three years 
as Deputy County Surveyor. In 1833 he came with his wife and 
three children to Daviess County, and reached Owensboro, Oct. 30, 
same year. He commenced farming about two miles from Owens- 
boro, and the subsequent year he took charge of the school at 
Owensboro, which was under his care for nine months. He also 
turned his attention to merchandising, but surveying was his prin- 
cipal employment. He was engaged in this pursuit for seventeen 
years, and his long experience entitles him to the rank of veteran 

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survejor in this part of Kentucky. There is no part of Daviess 
County over which he has not sighted his instruments and measnred 
the lines. From 1836 to 1840 he carried on a wood-yard at Bon 
Harbor, on the Ohio, three miles below Owensboro. In the politics 
of the day he bore a prominent part, and sympathized with the Whig 
party. He was first elected to the Legislature in 18*0, and was 
kept there three successive terms. In 1848 he was elected by the 
Whigs to the State Senate, and ably represented the counties ot 
Daviess and Henderson. 

The commencement of the civil warfound Judge Triplett in ardent 
sympathy with the Confederate States. In May, 1861, he enlisted 
in the service, and for three years belonged to the Army of the Ten- 
nessee, first as Captain in the First Kentucky Cavalry; next as 
Major in Brigadier-General Helm's staiF, commanding the Kentucky 
Brigade; then on the staff of John C. Breckenridge. During his 
three years connection with the Army of the Tennessee Mr, Trip- 
lett never asked leave of absence, never had a furlough, and was 
absent only one day from duty. In 1864 he was elected a member 
of the Confederate Congress, sitting at Richmond, to represent the 
Second Kentucky District, composed in part of Daviess County. 
He served in the Confederate Congress till the defeat of the South. 
On his return home he found his property destroyed, and the 
necessity before him of beginning life over again. A year alter 
coming' back to Owensboro he was chosen County Judge of Daviess 
County and occupied the position until Sept. 1, 1878. 

Jlidge Triplett has had eleven children, six sons and five 
daughters. Of the sons, Captain Robert S., born in 1830, owns the 
npper wharf boat in Owensboro, and is agent of navigation com- 
panies; Joseph F., born in 1834, is a stock-raiser and rancher at 
Camp Halleck, JSlev. ; went there in 1852; Captain John H., 
now running the H. M. Sweetzer, has followed steamboating since 
he was sixteen years of age; George W., Jr., born in 1849, now 
residing at Aspen, Col., in mining and land agency. Two 
sons, Willie and Daniel, died in infancy. Of Judge Triplett's 
daughters, Mary married James M. May, and died in 1854; Sallie 
died in Owensboro aged about twenty; Margaret married S. J. 
Howard, and is now living in Lyon County, Ky. ; Amelia married 
John Jewett, and resides in Nevada, near Elko; Octavia married 
Dr. J. H. Seaton, of Kansas, and died several years ago. 

Judge Triplett now co-operates with the Democratic party, and 
is known as a man possessing honesty of purpose and a faithful 
servant of tlie people. 

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Phil. Triphtt, a younger brother of Itobert, commenced the 
practice of law in Owensboro about 182i, in an office owned and 
titted u]) by his brotlier. He came to be a leading member of the 
bar in this Judicial Circuit, following the Judge around, who 
made his tour twice a year. In IS'26 he was elected to the Legis- 
lature, and afterward twice to Congress; in 184:9 he was elected to 
the State Constitutional Convention. He married Betsey Hopkins, 
of Henderson County, and had twelve or more children, but only 
two of these lived to be grown and married. One married John 
Green, who died during the war, and the other married James L. 
Johnson, and died last fall, leaving only one child, Dr. Phil. T. 
Johnson, as the representative of the family. 

United States Senator George Q. Vest, of Kansas City, Mo., 
was once a practicing lawyer in this county. He came from Frank- 
fort, Ky., his native place, to Owensboro, about 1852 and edited 
the Gazette about two years, when he moved to Booneville, Mo., 
and afterward to Sedalia. He served in the Confederate army un- 
der General Price, and served three sessions in the Confederate - 
Congress, and was a member of the Senate when the war closed. 
He is a remarkably shrewd man, and is now well known through- 
out the nation, as a formidable competitor of Northern statesmen. 

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When, on the 12th day of April, 1861, the news by telegraph 
reached the citizens of Daviess County that the bombardment of 
Fort Sumter had commenced, they scarcely knew what to think or 
say. The sympathies of some were with the Federal Government, 
and those of others with the South; and nearly all deplored the 
incoming of war. Being on the border, many did not know which 
way to turn, or which way the State of Kentucky herself would 
turn. It is to be taken as granted, however, that whatever public 
course any man chose to pursue in the terrible ordeal, his motives 
v7ere patriotic. He either stood up for the party he honestly 
thought was originally right, or for what seemed to be the quickest 
way to end the fratricidal war. In other sections of the country 
further south or further north, the citizens flew to arms, as they 
would be expected to do, with extraordinary readiness, within a 
few days or weeks after the outbreak; but here the people had to 
hesitate, although, it is to be supposed, with the same degree 
of patriotism. 

The State of Kentucky was at first very desij-ous of remaining 
neutral, and so did the people of Daviess County ; and accordingly 
" Home Guards," for the protection of property and life against 
marauders were organized all over the State. These were volun- 
tary, and not imder any military authority. One such company 
was organized in Owensboro, in July, 1861, but^events so turned 
out that it was of little or no avail. 

Sept. 6 Joseph H. Millett' raised a companj' of about seventy 
men, mostly from this county, and joined the Confederate army in 
Tennessee, as Company K, Fourth Regiment. On the 13th he 
was elected Captain, .and Nov. 19, 1863, he was promoted Major. 
He fought at Shiloh, Vicksburg, Baton Rouge, Jackson, Ohicka- 
mauga, Mission Ridge, Rocky Face Gap, Resaca and Dallas — at 
which last place he was killed May 28, 1864. Previously he had 
received several wounds. In this company were also the follow- 
ing men from Daviess County: David C. Hughes, First Lieutenant, 
afterward Captain ; Geo.W. Rogers, Second Lieutenant ; James Hand- 


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ley, James Thompson, Horace M. Watts, A. M. Hathaway, George 
Faith, Elisha Adams, Wm. Bradshaw, James M. Bowles, Green 
B. Cooper, James Donaldson, George Disney, James Forbes, Wm. 
H. Forbes, Albert Frazier, Wm. C. Fletcher, Matthew Garrett, 
Wm. Goodwin, Turner Griffin, James Hayden, H. B. Ilayden, 
Jerry Hennessey, Joseph Jarboe, Miles C. Jenkins, Edward Lamb- 
din, Wm. Lashbrook, Crawford McClarty, Enoch C. McKay, Wm. 
E. McDonald, J. D. May, John Mattingly, Burr Norris, Green 13. 
Partridge and John R. Partridge. 

Sept. 9, 1861, J. H. McHenry and John <^rissom commenced 
recruiting for the U. S. army. The latter, however, did not enter 
the service; but McHenry raised a regiment, the greater portion 
from Ohio Connty, and the next in numbers, from thi.'s "ounty. 
This regiment was numbered the Sixteenth Kentucky. On the 
24th the Colonel came with 400 or 500 men from Hartford to 
Owensboro for equipment. 

Sept. 21, 1861, Brigadier-General Robert Anderson, of the 
United States Army, at Louisville, announwd his assumption of 
the command of the Department of the Cumberland. 

Sept. 25 the gunboat Lexington was anchored opposite Owens- 
boro, to protect the place, and probably also the Union soldiers. 
Two days afterward the gunboat Conestoga took its place. 

Oct. 2 the steamer Hettie Gilmore arrived at Owensboro from 
Louisville with Colonel Jackson, and during the night it was 
watched by the home guards. The next day Colonel Jackson's 
cavalry and Colonel Burbridge's infantry, all of whom came by 
boat from Louisville, encamped on the fair grounds. Colonel 
Jackson had a presentiment that he would never come out of his 
first battle alive; and, sure enough, he was killed in first action at 
Perryville. On the 4th the camp here was named, " Camp Silas 
F. Miller, " after the proprietor of the Gait House in Louisville, 
who is still a resident there, and a leading Republican. The next 
day Lieutenant-Colonel Johnson, of the regular army, arrived, and 
on" the 7th he was made Provost-Marshal of Owensboro. On the 
9th Colonel Hawkins and 400 men, with two six-pounders, ar- 
rived in Owensboro, on the way to Rumsey, on Green River. 

Oct. 21, first battle in Kentucky. It took place in Laurel County, 
between ZollicofFer, of Tennessee, and Colonel Garrard. The former 
was afterward killed at the battle of Mill Springs. On Uie 24th 
four six-pounders arrived at Owensboro, and on the 2i:tth 251 horses 
came down liver on a packet and were taken to thecani]). ]S[ov.l 

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a good many Union troops passed Hartford for a Southern field. 
On the 4:th, Colonels Jackson and Burbridge, with cavalry, returned 
from Hartford, but two days afterward two companies of cavalry 
left for Oalhoon, where the Federals began to rendezvous, and 
" Camp Silas F. Miller " was gi-adually broken up. 

Nov. 16 these Colonels, with 600 or 700 men, went to Hender- 
son, there being rumors that Confederate troops were marching in 
that direction; but the rumor proved to be without foundation. 

During the month of December mercantile business was greatly 
embarrassed by the embargo laid on commerce along the Ohio, by 
the Government. Owensboro merchants could not get their prod- 
uce in Indiana delivered across the river, even when there were 
several thousand men back of the city to protect it. Colonel 
Crufts was the immediate commander to enforce this prohibition, 
which lasted for some time, and back of him was Ofiicer Robinson, 
at Evansville. 

1862. — At the beginning of this year the chains of war began 
very perceptibly to tighten their clanking hold upon a helpless peo- 
ple. Even newspaper circulation was prohibited to some extent, 
and citizens of nearly all classes began to be arrested for suspected 
disloyalty, or persecuted and robbed by guerrillas for having any 
strong sympathies in any direction. J. G. McFarland, H. S. El- 
liott and others were arrested on the 9th of January, on charge of 
assisting deserters from the United States army, at Calhoon, to 
cross the river into Indiana. On the 11th they were taken to Louis- 
ville, but were afterward released. But this was generally the case. 
Nearly or quite all who were arrested for disloyalty were detained 
in camp at Louisville, or elsewhere, for awhile, and soon released, 
without anything more done. These arrests were often made, appar- 
ently without any discrimination. 

Feb. 19, etc., a great many boats and troops came down the 
river. On the 23d George Moorman (son of S. M. Moorman) 
and others passed up the river to some point, as prisoners, but 
were soon afterward released. On the 26th Captain Behr's bat- 
tery of eight guns arrived from Calhoon and passed through 
Owensboro. Feb. 27 General Thomas's brigade passed down the 

During this month four regiments, two Kentucky and two Indi- 
ana, Colonels Hawkins and Burbridge, came from Calhoon and 
embarked on eight steamers for Tennessee Eiver; and while they 
were here the Grey Eagle brought a dispatch from Evansville 

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that Fort Donelson was captured by the Federal forces. Colonel 
McHenry's regiment was engaged in that battle, but none of the 
Daviess County soldiers were killed there. 

March 2, Captain Behr's battery left on the Aurora down the 

A-prll 8, John T. Higdon, a soldier from tliis county, was killed 
at Pittsburg Landing. His remains were afterward brought home 
and buried here. 

May 11, Commodore Foote passed up the river on the gi. ' >at 
De Soto. 

June 16, E. A. Hathaway, Dr. S. S. Watkins, Mr. Barber and 
others were arrested by the Provost Guard at Louisville, Captain 
Blood, on charge of " aiding and abetting " the Rebellion. Most of 
them were required to take the oath of allegiance to the United 
States, and were all released in a few days. 

June 19, " minute men " organized at Owensboro. 

June 20, Dr. J. F. Kimbley was arrested by guerrillas, but was 
directly released. His horses and buggy were stolen. 

June 21, about 200 soldiers here from Louisville. June 25, a 
company of cavalry arrived. June 30, Union iiag raised on the 

About these times arrests were made almost daily by the mil- 
itary authorities, and for a time a picket guard was kept around 
tlie city of Owensboro. 

July 18, J. M. Hany, being ordered to arrest Vawters on account 
of hurrahing for Jeff Davis and publicly exulting over the occupa- 
tion of Henderson by the Confederates, was resisted; and the latter, 
swearing that he would die, etc., before he would be taken, was shot 
and killed. On this da}' also a company of horse guards was or- 
(ranized in Owensboro, to protect the town against marauding 
bands. Geo. H. Yoiiman was elected Captain, Jo Harrison First 
Lieutenant, and Joseph Thomas Sscond Lieutenant. This com- 
piiTiy, however, was not long kept up. 

July 21, ii company from Torre Hante, Lid., hero. 

July 27, Aquilla Spray attacked and wounded by guerrillas at 

An"-iist. — During this month Mr. Yeaman endeavored to raise a 

regiment, but failed. Aug. 21, I. P. \Vashburn arrested and sent 

otf, but' soon returned. Aug. 29, Lieutenant-Colonel Netter arrived 

from Hartford with a number of men. The whole number of en- 


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relied militia in this State was ascertained to be 101,378; that of 
Daviess County. 1,',)99. 
Sept. 19— 


About sunrise on Frida}-, Sept. 19, a band of about 850 guerrillas 
advan'^ed upon this post, in three divisions, under the command of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Martin. One division, iuHnberin<T 3S5, underthe 
command of Major J. S. Scobee, a Methodist minister, took ywssession 
of Owensboro. A second division, under Captain Taylor, numbering 
225, marched from a southwest direction; and the third division, un- 
der the command of Captain Merri weather, numbering 2J-0, from a 
westerly direction. As Major Scobee was inarching in he was rec- 
ognized by a pious Methodist woman, who in immediate ecstacy 
cried out, "Thank God! my Savior has come." 

Very soon a Confederate soldier was stationed at each street 
crossing, and efforts made to oljtain what equipments and ammu- 
nition were within reach. During the day the soldiers took all the 
saddles and bridles there were in Mr. Littell's shop, and some of 
Mr. Scott's; also, what powder they could find in the jail and some 
of the stores, and were on the point of robbing the stores by whole- 
sale, but were restrained by the officers. Judge Geo. H. Y«a'mau 
and several others were arrested and taken away a short distance, 
but soon released. From the Judge was exacted a promise to use 
his influence against the indiscriminate arrest of Southern sym]);i- 
thizers — which, indeed, he had all along been doing. 

About eight o'clock this morning Major Scobee sent a'flag of truce 
to Colonel Netter, in camp at the fair-grounds, and demanded his 
unconditional surrender; but the latter peremptorily, yet politely, 
refused. About one o'clock in the afternoon the Major, with his 
men, retired on the gravel road to Panther Creek. 

Colonel Netter, immediately after his refusal to surrender, formed 
his men, made all necesfeary arrangements, and marched against Cap- 
tain Merriweather'with 200 men, leaving the cannon and 140 men 
to protect the camp. His advance guard, under Adjutant Stout, 
discovered the enemy in ambush, in a corn-field. Colonel Netter 
flanked them, and whilst leading his men in action, and in the act 
of climbing over a fence, he was shot, with a squirrel rifle, by one 
of the enemy who had a white handkerchief tied about his head; 
and he himself immediately had all his brains blown out by a Un- 
ion soldier named W. C. J. Adams, of Company A. The report that 
Jaincs Faulds was the man wlio killed Netter is probably not true. 
At the same instant Colonel Netter, ,is he was shot, sprang to his 
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feet, turned to his command, and with a clarion voice, amidst the 
crashing reports of muskets, called out, " Forward! charge bay- 
on — " and fell. On seeing him fall, the left of the line gave way, the 
center collecting around him amidst the deadly storm of bullets and 
buckshot from the enemy. The right also fell back. Adjutant 
Stout immediately assumed command and rallied the men, reform- 
ing line, advanced, and at the point of the bayonet completely 
routed the enemy. This action lasted half an hour, resulting in the 
death of Colonel Netter and the wounding of Lieutenant Cherry, 
John London, A. W. "Wallace and Mr. Taylor, on the Union side, 
and in the death of twelve and wounding of fifteen or twenty on 
the other side. 

According to previous arrangement, squads of soldiers were de- 
tailed to Rockport and Enterprise, Ind., who gave the alarm, and 
within a few hours Colonel Wood, of the First Indiana Cavalry, was 
on hand and assumed Colonel Netter's place. Soldiery from across 
the river, to the number of 400 or 500, arrived during the after- 
noon of Friday as fast as they could be transferred in skiffs, 
and at the last the steamer Ben South brought the remainder of 
the "Warwick County boys over, and also took the remainder of the 
Spencer County troops to their homes. The steamer McCombs 
also was impressed into service and brought about 300 Indi- 
aiia farmers over toward night. Three companies of home 
guards also came into town, while many citizens left for parts un- 
known, to avoid the contingencies of a cruel siege or battle. 

Sept. 20— 


This was the only battle that occurred within the limits of 
Daviess County during the " civil war." "We will give first a com- 
plete history of the afiair as told by the Federals, and then note the 
differences from their story as claimed by the other side. 

Durinc the night they were searching the enemy, and about 
breakfast time Saturday morning (Sept. 20) they came up with 
them on the grat^el, or Livermore, road, about a naile and a half 
south of North Panther Creek, and on the farm of Mr. Sutherland, 
which is eight to nine miles from Owensboro. The Federals num- 
bered 342, and were commanded by Colonel Wood, of Evansville, 
and James Holmes, of Owensboro. The battle opened with a run- 
ning fight three quarters of a mile north of Sutherland's, sixty of 
Netter's Cavalry driving the rear guard and cannon that distance 

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into the lane that goes up to the house. Here the Confederates, 
about 400 strong (or even more, according to some), were posted, 
under Colonel Martin and Major Scoljee, with one line drawn up in 
the lane and another over in the meadow, at a right angle to the 
first, with the cannon, a six-pounder, in front. The Federals, num- 
bering 340, were commanded by Colonel Wood. Major Townes 
charo-ed up the lane, exposed to the flanking fire of the battalion 
and cannon in the field; but his men and horses, being untrained, 
were thrown into confusion at the first fire of the cannon, and all 
except about twenty fled. For a few moments then no Federals 
were in sight of the enemy; but the infantry soon came up, took 
iK'sitiou along the main road in front of the meadow and corn-fleld 
adinininc it. The Confederates advanced to meet them and a des- 
•le'rate fi"-ht ensued, when the enemy retreated a little way and 
formed in array again; but again were they driven back, when, foi' 
the third time, tliey endeavored to make a stand, just b'eyond the 
crest of the hill, but in vain; they scattered in every direction, but 
not pursued by the Federals, all of whom were infantry, except 
about two dozen. 

The Federal loss in this battle was: Killed — Curtis Lamar, 
Sampson Palmer and Isaac Yarner — three; wounded — John Cal- 
hoon and one other man, seriously, and a half dozen others more 
sli"'htly. Immediately after the battle Colonel Wood detailed a 
K(juad of men to count tlie Confederates lying upon the field, aud 
tlieir report was thirty-six dead and over tlurty woiinded. The 
luimes of four of the killed and sevL'uteen ot the wounded are given 
in theOwensboro J/oi/uVo/'of Sept. 24, 18(52. Some of the slain were 
buried there. About a thousand Federals remained to hold 

The Confederate account concerning the two days' events diflers 
ironi the foregoing principally in the following particulars: Their 
forces here were a branch of the regular army, and not guerrillas; 
llioy committed no robberies in Owensboro or in the country any- 
where; they were not quite a hundred strong at the battle at 
Sutherland's; they retreated simi>ly because their ammunition 
gave out, and retreated in good dnlor; they lost but one oi- two 
killed, one commanding olliccr not remembcj'ing that any one 
was killed outright, or thai iui\ wounded (very few at most) were 
left upon the battle-field (if any were left, they iMt confident tliey 
were left among friends, who would take care of tb j 

It must be understood, however, that accounrs vary oji both 

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siflos, Romo Confederates estimating tlioir loss iis lii^-li as seventy 
or ciglity (probably coiintinfx the pi-isoiiers, deserters, etc. i, and 
the Federals luit all ayreeinL'' a-^ to every detail. 

We add a few minor incidents. 

When musket tirinnj eomnuTieed at SiitherlaiKrs Hill, Colnnel 
Wood shouted out, "T>oys, wlieel about that cannon, faciiii;- the 
enemy," and he himself lis::;hted hiscip;ar with aniatch, and tired the 
gun — the iirst and second i'f)unds with canuister slu^t, and the third 
a solid shot, which was so heavy that it broke off' the (hinge and 
rendered the cannon useless. When tlio Colonel and John Hicks 
were marching up tiie hill, a ritle shot was apjtarently received, 
wlien the Colonel fell as if dead. Ilicks remarking that lie iKis 
killed, the forme!' junipeil n]> and called out, "No, 1 ain't; but 
(pointing to a jiarticiilar man among the enemy) kill tliat d — n 
rebel." ' 

The Confederates rendezvoused afterward at some point on 
Green River, but were soon driven away again. The Federal 
forces were coming and going on the next Monday and Tuesday; 
nearly all the citizens were under' arms tor awhile, until the 
excitement died away. 


The following account of the death of (Jolonel Netter, furnished 
us by one of his soldiers, and now one of the best citizens ot 
Owensboro, is so well worded that we give it verbatim: 

On that eventful morning of the lt)thof Scpt.,lS62, under cover 
of a dense tog, the enemy (800 in all) gained possession of the 
tow'n to the number of about 400, while aii e([ua] number concealed 
thenis(.-lves in the wood to the west of o\ir camp, thns placing ns 
between two foj-ces, eitlmr of which was doubly superior to our 

Our Oolonel ha\-ing received iiiir(.'liable information of the pres- 
ence of the concealed enemy, at once decided to recotinoiter in 
tha! dii'cction \vm\ ascertain if the ri'pfrt was true. 

AVIiili' arranging his force-, a Ihi::' of Irnce was seen ap)>roaching 
from til'.' direcliiiii "f th- t'uvM. 

lleiUdtioiU'd fiir ihi !pr:!n-i tu ccnie, and atUanced ji few ]';u-es 
to nicel h:in. wliei'i' a ~'.k-:\ cMti vers:iii'i:i ensiu'd. lie thcii r(-run!i'd 
to u^ ■sccMinpanicd 1 ;. the Mtlicer of t'-ncc and wit!i the utmosl 
'Hili!enc'>^ and ;i >W'" ;i.e<s "I' lnue -<i cliaractiM'istic lu: addres^'ii 
lis a.-- ^oll<lW^■ 

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"Boys, this officer comes with a flag of truce, from Lieuten- 
ant Golond Martin, who with 800 guerrillas has possession of the 
town, and demands of me an unconditional surrender of all my 
command and the Government property in my possession. I 
want you to hear my answer." Then, turning to the messenger, 
with a graceful motion of the hand, and with a firm voice and tone, 
he replied: " Kevee, till the last man of us lies low in the dust.'''' 
Then turning to us, sweetly and gently he inquired, "Boys, does 
my answer suit you?" Inspired with admiration for, and confi- 
dence in, our brave and undaunted commander, what could we do 
but just what we did? and that was to swing our caps in the air 
and respond with three lusty cheers. The rebel ofiicer, witnessing 
the impressive scene, shared in our admiration of the young hero, 
for he reverently ic.noved his hat and feelingly replied, " Colonel, 
I cannot but respect you and your brave men," and with a parting 
salute, he returned to deliver his message. There was no acting 
in all of their scene; it was serious, sober, honest reality. With 
the exception of a few words of command, these were the last 
words ever spoken by the gallant Netter. At the head of his 
little band of about 200 all told, he marched in the direction of the 
supposed enemy. He found them there, and in the skirmish which 
ensued he fell bravely, fighting to make good his words. 

Colonel Gabriel Netter was a Frenchman by birth, but a true 
American by adoption. At the breaking out of the war he was 
doing a profitable business in Ohio County, this State, but left it 
to enter the army. He soon exhibited agreatdegreeof good judg- 
ment as well as bravery, and he was recalled from the field bv 
General Finnell to raise a regiment in this Congressional District. 
He was devoting his whole time and energy to tiie work he had 
in hand, when the day of disaster visited him. He was very pop- 
ular among his men, as well as among the people of Owensboro. 
He was a " shining mark " at which death aimed his fatal blow at 
the beginning of his power. 


1862, Sept^ 22, President Lincoln issued his emancipation proc- 
larnatioji, to take eifect, conditionally, Jan. 1, ibllowing. This is 
the epoch of a new era between the political parties, disaff'ectiug 
Union men who were not Abolitionists, and renderinw all Demo- 
crats, especially the Southern wing, more bitterly opposed to 
Kepublicari management. 2.5, Major Holman in command ai 

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Oct. fi. court-house door barricaded. On the Tth all was quiet 
again, and the county otticers resumed their places. Colonel 
Shanks' men caine from Cloverport and were consolidated with 
Nfitter's. Oct. 9, Q. L. Shanks was elected Colonel and A. W. Hol- 
man Lieutenani-Coionel. Oct. 12, Shanks moved the camp down to 
Bon Harbor, or rather the Barrett farm near there, a healthier loca- 
tion, and being at a greater distance from town the discipline of 
the soldiers would be the easier. Named " Camp James F. Robin- 
eon." Oct. 24, people very much excited at rumors of Confeder- 
ates coming to Hartford; but the rumors proved false. Oct. 30, 
300 Confederate prisoners pass down theriver for Vicksburg; 

November. — Military affairs in this vicinity tolerably quiet all 
this month. 

December. — Confederates were assessed for Union losses, and 
some monej' collected; but the ]>lan worked very hard and un- 
evenly and was soon abandone !. On the 11th, Greneral Boyle 
ordered Colonel Shanks to refund what he had collected. Dec. 
12, Shanks' regiment left for Munifordsville. 

During this month an ''additional article of.war " was published 
oy the Government, aiding fugitive slaves; and Colonel John H. 
Mellenrj-, one of the best soldiers and commanders the Govern- 
ment ever had, considei-ed the order unjust, unconstitutional and 
even disloyal. lie therefore, as commander of the Seventeenth 
Kentucky Infantry, issued an order returning slaves to their mas- 
ters from his canii). lie was consequently dismissed from his 
position. lie has ever since then had the sympathy of the D:iviess 
County public with him. 

The year l.S()2 closed with gloomy prospects of the war ending; 
and Jame.^ Weir deliberately reviews the natioiial situation at 
length in the Monitor. 

1S63, Jan. 1, the Iviiaiuiiuition Proclamati(jn dampens the ardor 
of many Unionirits. President Lincoln had at the beginninii; of 
his term declared his intention not to interfere with slavery. 

Jan. 2S. Captain AVihon's company left. 

Feb. 21, a company from Colonel Foster's regiment from In- 
diana arrived here. Feb. 22, no packet arriving at Owetiaboi-n: the 
Government had inii)re.~sed her into military service. 

March 3, the Logir^lature resolved ••that we iiave witncsse(l with 
juide the gallant conduct of (volonel .lohn 11. Mellenry, Jr., late 
couunaTider of the Srxcnteenth Kentucky Volutiteers, and do 

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heartily endorse and approve the order made by him in October 
last — construing it, as we do, to mean that he would expel from 
his lines, and permit their owners to take in possession, all run- 
away slaves found within his camp." 

Feb. 2, the House of Kepresentatives unanimously passed a 
spirited report and resolution, arguing the hardship and injustice 
of the slavery requirement, and asking the President of the United 
States to rescind the order dismissing Colonel McHenry; but the 
Senate, after repeat'^d sessions upon the matter, Feb. 25, passed 
the foregoing resolution. 

April. — Guerrillas stealing horses in the county. 

May 17, J. P. Thompson surrendered himself to Captain Horn- 
brook in the morning, and was sent off on the Grey Eagle at ten 
o'clock in the evening. On the same day, Jo Morris, Graham 
Hughes, Jo Sebree and others were brought in by the Federals 
as prisoners. 

May 23, flag presentation to Captain Hornbrook, of the Sev- 
enty-flfth Indiana, who was a very popular man. 

June 3, J. E. Grissom, Provost Marshal of this district, ranking 
as Captain. June 17, town excited over the report that 500 Con- 
federates were at Hardinsburg. Report proved to be erroneous. 
About sixty Confederates crossed over into Indiana and were all 

July 9, town excited about John Morgan at Brandenburg. 12, 
Colonel Foster and 400 men left up the river. July 28, flag raised 
on the court-house lot; speech by Wm. B. Wall. July 29, Colo- 
nel Foster issued an order requiring all persons to take the oath of 
allegiance at the approaching election who are suspected of dis- 
loyalty; tlie order was carried out. July 31, martial law declared 
in this State by General Burnside. jSTo disloyalist to vote or run 
for office. 

Oct. 3, Colonel Starling's regiment, the Thirty-Fifth Kentucky, 
Federal, mustered into service. Oct. 26, J. H. McHenry is Colo- 
nel and M. Mclntyre Lieutenant-Colonel of the militia. 

Nov. 24, Company D, of the Thirty-Fifth Kentucky, stationed 
here in the coui't-honse yard. 

1864. — During the sj)ring of this year negro enrolling com- 
menced, and their freedom from slavery encouraged. Joseph 
Thomas and several others visited a Jiegro military camp near 
Indianapolis, foj' the purpose of obtaining indemnity for citizens 
of Daviess (,\iunty for the loss vi tlieir servants, but tliev Were 

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treated in a very ruffianly manner. Directly before their eyes, 
one negro loaded a gun and called upon his fellows to join him, 
saying, with reference to Mr. Thomas particularly, " There goes 
the d — d rascal who has the papers! Shoot him! G — d d— n him!" 
Captain Snow, a white man there, said he could not control the 
ruffianly conduct of the dark soldiery, and he guessed Mr. T. 
would have to take care of himself. Colonel Russel, who was not 
there, afterward said that if he had been present he would have 
prevented such insolence. 

April 11, Captain Prange and his compaiy left. JSlo soldiers 
here. April 21, Joseph Thomas received the agency to procure 
compensation for owners of slaves who had run away and en- 
listed; but never was a dollar paid for this purpose. April 22, 
Owensboro citizens expecting guerrillas again to night. Great ex- 
citement about them. April 22-30, negroes running away in great 
numbers, crossing the river into Indiana. 

May 13, fifty-eight men drafted in Daviess County for the Fed- 
eral service. May 20, citizens of Owensboro watching to-night 
for guerrillas again. Federal picket fired upon. May 26, 
Prange's men quartered on Confederate families. May 27-31, 
negroes enlisting in great numbers; great excitement. They 
thronged the Provost Marshal's office so boisterously that vio- 
lence was feared,and they were taken to the fair-ground in a body 
and sent back to the office in small squads for enlistment. 

May 8. — About this time some ten or twelve young men from 
the vicinity attempted the rash act of making their way to the 
Confederate army, and among them was James T. Mitchell, sixteen 
or seventeen years of age. On their way thither they encountered 
the Home Guards of Ohio County, about seven miles from Liver- 
more, When a skirmish ensued, resulting in the killing of this youth 
and the capture of Captain Vickers, of Forrest's Cavalry, and sev- 
eral other soldiers, who had a hearing before Captain Grissom on 
Sunday evening, and were remanded to jail in Owensboro. The 
remains of young Mitchell were brought here and appropriately 

May 20, excitement on account of guerrillas in the county, whose 
intended depredations were headed off by Captain Grissom calling 
the Home Guards together and sending out scouting parties. 

June 1, seventy-eight negro soldiers sent to Louisville. June 5, 
Captain Howard, with sixty or seventy men arrived. June 6, 165 
negroes left on the Grey Eagle. Captain Prange's men killed 

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two and wounded two guerrillas. June 13, Prange's company left. 
Woodward's six-months' men quartered in the court-house. 
Negroes all left. June 21, no crossing of the river allowed; skiffs 
all taken out, and boats guarded. June 22, 200 Confederates re- 
ported in Hawesville and expected here. Those that appeared at 
Hawesville, however, soon left. 

June 18. — Powers arrived from Hawesville with about a score of 
negro recruits on board a small steamer, and marched them to the 
court-house square, intending to quarter them in the court-house 
with Colonel Woodward's State Guard of white soldiers; but the 
latter refused to let them in. Both sides were called to arms, and a 
light almost ensued. The colored recruits were then quartered in 
the jail, with nothing to eat, and under locks and bolts for about 
twenty -four hours. 

June 23. — Early this morning a squad of forty guerrillas came 
into Owensboro on the Litchfield road, circled around the cemetery 
and disappeared out on the Hartford road. Soon afterward a small 
party of '-graybacks, " bearing a flag of trnce, came into town on 
Frederica street, demanding, in the name of Jones, the surrender 
of the place, saying that the town was beleaguered by several 
hundred Confederate troopa. Colonel Woodward, who had com- 
mand of the small force of State troops here, declined to surrender. 
T)ie "Confederates" then retired in the direction of Calhoon. 
Tlieir pickets were in front of the residences of Messrs. Weir, John- 
son and GriiHth, and several men were in the fields near Major 
Smith's house, while the whole body were very near, having come 
in on the Hartford road. Thev claimed to be 275 strono-, and to 
be of Adam Johi!son's regiment and Morgan's command. They 
said they had been in the Gynthiana fight, and come down through 
Shelbyville and Eardstown, Tkey left the county without doing 
much damage. 

After dinner the six-montlis' troops were disbanded, and no sol- 
diers left in Owensboro. The guns which they left in the court- 
house (poor ones) were afterward mostly taken by a guerrilla squad- 
On the 27tli, at night, they took a horse from S. M. Wing. Busi- 
ness dull; about suspended. Tlie August court ordered to be sus- 
1. ended. 

July ;-). — Ciptiiiii PrH.nge and some 200 men came in, scouting, 
.lulj 5. t'.\M guurrili.'^is in t..>w:i; stole another horse from Mr. Wing, 
tnking it tmiu a bug/y , Their names were Tanner and Nave and 
tli'iy 'vere ciiitured by (Japtain Yarber, nbout four miles out on the 

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Livennore road, and delivered over to the gun-boat, No. 23 (Sil- 
ver Lake). Mr. Wing was a merchant, and at one time was Pres- 
ident of the Owensboro branch of the Southern Bank, principal 
bank at Hopkinsville. July 6, at a negro ball in the upper end 
of town in the evening, an attendant sent up a rocket, just for fun, 
and the commander of the gun-boat, suspecting guerrillas, signaled 
with a cannon and threw a shell up in that direction, which alarmed 
the citizens generally, making them believe that guerrillas were, in- 
deed, in town, and that a bombardment bad commenced. 


July 1 1, Captain "Wilson brought in " Warren, " a guerrilla, 
but he was soon released. July 12, sixty men, under Lieutenant 
Forrest, of the Fifty-Second Kentucky Volunteers (Federal), came 
in. July 13, Charles Carlin arrested and sent to Louisville; four 
men killed near Hine's Mill, in Ohio County. July 16, Forrest's 
men left. July 22, Powell and Thompson, guerrillas, were shot at 
Henderson, by order of G-eneral Burbridge, in retaliation for the 
guerrillas killing Colonel Poole, a citizen of that place. By way 
of rejoinder, Walker Taylor, commander of the guerrillas, issued 
a proclamation that he would retaliate by MWing four. 

July 24, guerrillas in the county again; robbed Jesse Potts. 

During the last days of July, the gun-boat Silver Lake, or 
No. 23, stood in the river opposite;Owensboro. The packets, 
before landing, had to land at her side and put the mails off. 
No tra eling or shipments of produce were allowed except under 
permit from Captain Coyle, according to the orders of General 
^wing prohibiting disloyal persons from shipping or receiving 
freight of any kind. 

At tills time negro recruiting went on rather slowly, but their 
crossing over into Indiana progressed briskly. On boarding Cap- 
tain Coyle's gun-boat, he said he could not permit them to be 
taken o^ against their will. While the people generally wished 
there were no negroes in the State, they hated to see them go in 
this way. 

August. — In the early part of this month an Owensboro patrol- 
man fired at a colored man and missed him, the ball passing near 
the gun-boat; whereupon the latter fired 100 musket balls along 
the bank. 

Aug. i. — Colonel {Bishop and colored soldiers arrived at 11 p. 
M. Aug. 6, Circuit Clerk locked up his ofiice, as the colored in- 

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fantrj had the court-house as quarters. Aug. 8, about 200 negro 
soldiers came up from Henderson. Aug. 23, 165 more arrived 
from the same place. Aug. 25, they all left at night. Aug. 15, 
Captain J. C. Cowin, of the One Hundred and Eighth Colored 
Infantry, after a little lighting, captured nine guerrillas at Yelving- 
ton and brought them to Owensboro, where they were con-fin.?d in 

Aug. 1(5, Captain Yarber arrested, under order of Colonel Bishop, 
his men disarmed, liorses taken from them, and tliey disbanded. 
The Captain could show no authority for his proceedings. Aug. 
18, Benedict D. Mitchell, the jailer, was shot by mistake by one 
of the guards, who had orders to shoot any one making his appear- 
ance in the jail-yard that night. Mr. Mitchell, not knowing that 
Guch an order had been given, appeared in the yard about 2 o'- 
clock in tlie morning, for the purpose of attending to some neces- 

Aug. 27.— 


On tlie afternoon of Saturday, Aug. 27, as unexpectedly as a 
flash oFliglitning from a clear sky, something over twenty guerril- 
las, under Captain Bennett, dashed into town. They tirst announced 
their presence in front of the court-liou^e, by the rapid tiring of 
revolvers, sometimes in the air and sometimes at fleeing citizens 
and at store and office doors. They accompanied this demonstra- 
tion with orders for all persons at once to repair to the court-house 
yard; and these orders were " sanctioned " with the wickedest pro- 
fanity. They thus advertised themselves to the guerrillas at once. 
One follow dashed "horse, foot and dragoon" into Blair, Queen 
& Co.'s store, driving its customers pell-mell, into the rear yard. 
Such a stampede, of all classes of people, from the central part of 
town toward the outskirts was never before nor since witnessed in 
any other place during the war. It was ludicrous as well as ex- 
citing. It was remarkable with what agility the people shot out 
of the back doors and windows of the stores and offices and hid 
themselves in boxes, barrels, privies, dog kennels, deep weeds, 
etc. We wish we had space to rehearse some of the " hair- 
breadth escapes," ludicrous "feats of agility "' and serio-comical 
situations that wore witnessed on this occasion. 

The invaders succeeded in huddling 200 or 300 citizens togetlier 
into the court-house yard. The commander, "Jake Bennett,'' pro- 
])osed to burn the court-liouse, and even the banks if their money 

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was not given up, but he was dissuaded from it by R. L. Boyd and 
other citizens. The robbers entered only one store, and that was 
the jewelry establishment of Mr. Bradford, in care of Mr. Zulauf, 
from which they took three gold watches, valued at $700. They 
also took a few horses from Clint. Griffith, Ridgely Griffith and 
George Smith. 

Burning of the Wharf-hoat. — But by far the worst thing they did 
was to burn Messrs. Ayers & Elders' wharf-boat,, with a number 
of liuman beings confined upon it. They mistakenly supposed that 
considerable Government freight was upon it The private prop- 
erty consumed was estimated at about $6,000. Nine colored sol- 
diers, said to have been the guard that conducted the Yelvington 
prisoners to Louisville, were at this boat. They first fired at the 
guerrillas, and then concealed themselves within, for a time; but it 
is said that three jumped off, ran up the bank and escaped. Two 
of them were shot by the murderers and thrown overboard, and the 
charred remains of one more was found on the boat, the fire being 
extinguished before the hull was consumed. Three negroes took 
refuge in the hull, and were cut ont by Mr. Ayres after the maraud- 
ers had left. They pleaded piteously for their lives and declared they 
were anxious to return to their owners. Lieutenant Walters, pre- 
viously of the Third Kentucky Cavalry, was killed during the aflfray. 
A lot of Government stores on the levee were fired just bofore they 
left, but the most of the property was saved afterward by the citizens. 
These guerrillas were here but one hour, and they left on the Litch- 
field road. 

Aug. 28, the gua-boat Lou Eaves took away many negroes. 

During this month, according to the Monitor, the negro soldiery 
in Owensboro behaved very well. 

Th Court- House. — This was a convenient building for military 
occupation; and it was wonderful to witness the rapidity with 
which it was transformed from a civil establishment to a military, 
and the reverse. When the former change was made, the doors 
were perforated and disfigured by rude openings to fire muskets 
through, and were rendered ball-proof from without by heavy oak 
timbers nailed on the inner side. The windows, to the height of a 
man's head, were barricaded with planks a foot apart and the space 
between filled with dirt, leaving openings to fire through. In this 
work of fortification, all the benches in the court-house were cut 
up, and other lumber was used. Even the planks were stripped from 
the fence around the yard. Some ditching was also done about the 

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yard — for rifle-pits or for a stockade. On the re-occupation of the 
conrt-house by the civil officers, a day or two only was required 
to transform all back again to old time appearances. 

Sept. 7, Colonel Moon and 118 colored troops arrived at the fair- 
ground. Sept. 11, about 200 negro soldiers went to Henderson. 

During this month the independent companies, commanded by 
Captains Wilson, Yarber, Johnson, Little, Boyd and Burger, were 
dissolved by General Burbridge, because they were acting too much 
the part of guerrillas. Governor Bramlette had authorized these 
men to recruit companies for the purpose of clearing this part of 
the State from guerrillas; but the soldiery became too reckless with 
the property of peaceable citizens. Yarber and Philpot were par- 
ticularly implicated. 

October. — Guerrillas reported in all parts of the county, but the 
reports were greatly exaggerated. Oct. 10, One Hundred and 
Eighteenth Colored liegiment left Owensboro. Oct. 11, provos^ 
marshal's office closed, and marshal left town. 

Oct. 17. — About half-past two o'clock on the morning of this day, 
about twenty-five armed men entered town, seized the Sheriff, Jno. G. 
Harrison, placed him coatless and hatless upon a horse, although 
the air was biting cold, and took him out on the Litchfield road a 
few miles, threatening to kill him, but released him about dawn, 
furnishing him a coat and giving him some instructions as to how 
he should conduct himself in the future. About $4,500 worth of 
goods was taken from the merchants. The raid was conducted very 


this time by thirteen regular Confederate soldiers about noon. 
Most of these were officers, and after they remained here quietly 
for several hours, the mail packet Morning Star hove in sight, 
when all was astir. ISTearly 200 additional Confederate soldiers at 
the same time appeared from the upper part of town, under Major 
Anderson, intending to take the steamer, believing that negro 
soldiers were aboard. A few of the soldiers in advance went t 
the wharf and endeavored to decoy the boat to the landing, but in 
vain. They fired forty or fifty shots, but only one touched the 
boat, doing no damage. 

The Confederates were here about two weeks, but it can liardly 
be said that they " held " the place. United States officers and 
State officers all went about their daily routine of duty as uncon- 

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cerned as it no enemy waA, within a thousand miles. The Confed- 
erate soldiery behaved themselves quite well during their sojourn 
in Owensboro. 

During the latter part of this month (October) the Confederate 
Government talked of conscripting here, but the task was never 
undertaken. Some Federal troops, however, stationed on an island 
opposite the city, wantonly fired into the place occasionally, and at 
one time seriously wounded an eight-year-old boy. 

Nov. 1, three companies of colored soldiers arrived, and quartered 
in the court-house. Nov. 2, a colored picket killed. 6, a guer- 
rilla shot J. Taylor's tiegro, robbed and hung up Mr. Cavin (who 
lived in the country) two or three times, and robbed others in the 

During a war nearly all wicked men are tempted to be robbers, 
because they can then carry on such work under a sort of military 
guise and thus elude punishment. 

Nov. 17. — Thomas S. Pettit, editor of the Owensboro Monit6r^ 
arrested for disloyalty and sent across the lines, via Memphis, 
within the bounds of the confederacy. When the facts attending 
the arrest reached the ears of President Lincoln he pronounced it 
unjust. Nov. 20, news received that this county was exempt from 
draft. Great rejoicing. 

Dec. 20. — A large body of Confederates reported near Ciirdsville. 
Dec. 22, great excitement about the Confederate soldiers. The 
Tarascon detained here. 

Tiie pickets and soldiery under the Confederate Walker Taylor 
kept up* firing for some time during the afternoon near Owensboro, 
just southeast of the city. About sunset a flag of truce was sent 
into the city and a surrender demanded, but it was refused. After 
.'^pending most of the night sociably witli the Federal officers in the 
court-house, Major Taylor took his departure, saying tiiat as he had 
no disposition to injure the town, he declined making any attack. 
1865, Jan. 4, the court-house burned by Davidson and his men; 
the records and furniture mostly saved. Davidson had orders to 
destroy every court-house that had been occupied by negro troops. 
Probably two or three other court-houses were burned in the State, 
under these orders. This destruction was expected, and the county 
officers Lad time to save ti'e records. Mr. Thomas took all the 
records of liis office (circuit clerk) and deposited the most of them 
in the vestibule of the Methodist church, and the rest in Captain 
flail's buildino-. Tlie other records were taken care of by the re- 

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spective officers. The Confederates lia(^ no permission or desire to 
burn the records. Another account says tiiat a man named Coulter 
was the Commander-in-chief of the court-hbuse-burning gang, and 
that he acted without authority from the Confederate Government. 
He and his men were doubtless a part of Davidson's force. Coulter 
is said to have been a tall, fine-looking man, trim built, and having 
very keen eyes. Four revolvers were buckled around him. The 
Planter's Hotel had also been used as barracks, and it was rumored 
that it was to be burned also. Coulter was appealed to, and he de- 
clared with an oath that no more buildings should be burned; and 
he actually impressed citizens into aiding him to prevent further 

Davidson was formerly a Federal Captain in Colonel J. H. Mc- 
Henry's regiment, the Seventeenth Kentucky Infantry. He re- 
signed and went into the Southern army and became a guerrilla. He 
was a very violent man, and made himself notorious by acts of 
felony and arson in this portion of Kentucky. At one time he was 
arrested, carried to Louisville and placed in prison; but he imme- 
diatejy made his escape and came down into this section, where he 
contihued his mischief A few days after he burned the Owens- 
boro court-house he was killed in a skirmish with Federal soldiers 
in Bteckenridge County, Ky. He was a fearless and brave man. 
His father was Dr. H. A. Davidson, of Hawesville, who killed himself 
in an abortive attempt to blow up a Mr. Sterrett with an " infernal 
machine. " 

Jan. 11. — In the morning the steamer Grey Eagle arrived at 
Owensboro with a detachment of Federal troops, the Twenty-seventh 
Kentucky, under Colonel "Ward, sent there for the purpose of driv- 
ing out the guerrillas. When the boat landed a body of these 
guerrillas immediately made their appearance on the top of the bank 
for this purpose of attempting the capture of the boat, the Federals 
being kept out of sight on purpose to deceive them. "When they had 
nearly reached the boat our troops suddenly made their appearance 
in the engine-room and commenced an attack. The cowardly guer- 
rillas immediately commenced skedaddling in all directions, hotly 
pursued by the Union troops. Four were captured, and quite ^num- 
ber wounded, among them a son of "Walker Taylor. On the "Wed- 
nesday following the guerrillas were reinforced, made a dash on the 
Federal pickets, and drove them in. Jan. 21 ^ packets all engaged 
in taking Government troops up the river. 

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Feb. 4, Amos ivletcalf killed Chandler, a guerrilla, at Knotts- 
ville. Feb. 15, Colonel Birge, Federal, with a part of the Eight- 
eenth Kentucky Cavalry arrived, and the Twenty-seventh Ken- 
tucky left. Feb. IS, 100 men of the Twelfth Kentucky Cavalry 
arrived. Metcalf's men captured by Davidson and paroled. 

A.pril 1, guerrillas killed a soldier. April 6, drafting in this 
district. 8, small-pox among the soldiers. April 9, a company 
of the One Hundred and Eighty-fifth Ohio arrived, under Captain 
Edmiston. April 10, news received of Lee's surrender at Ap- 
pomattox, Ya. ; bonfires and illuminations in the evening, be- 
cause "this cruel war was over," and not particularly because 
one party: had conquered the other. April 15, draft suspended. 

May. — Confederates returning home nearly every day. 11, some 
guerrillas near town. May 28, Colonel Sam. Johnson and his sol- 
diers arrived. 

Sept. 6, a company of negro soldiers arrived. Sept. 25, negro 
soldiers lefl; no soldiers of any kind remaining. 

Oct. 31, six guerrillas reported at ^' Ivington. 

March 9, 1871, Congress }?n52ed ' 'I.l ci'^i-eery's disability bill," 
which, auiGTlg lliany from other States, relieved from political 
disabilities the following Daviess County citizens: Geo. W. Trijj- 
lett, Charles S. Todd, Jr., John P. Thompson, J. O. Shott, Thomas 
C. Jones, Graham Hughes, Baker Boyd, T. E. Crutcher, and 
William H. Clark. 


This company was formed of Daviess County men, and served in 
the Confederate army. Sept. 30, 1861, Dr. C. T. Noel was elected 
Captain; W. J. Taylor, First Lieutenant; T. C. Jones, Second 
Lieutenant; and Joseph Yewell, Third Lieutenant. Dr. Noel was 
a prominent citizen. He was a candidate for the Legislature in 
1861, but was defeated by Geo. H. Teaman. During the war 
Mr. Taylor became Captain. 

The next morning after organization, this company reached 
Rough Creek, four miles above its mouth, where they feared their 
•passage would be disputed by Federal troops, who occupied Cal- 
iioon and Hartford. But they succeeded in reaching Eussellville, 
where they saw for tlie first time an organized Confederate force. 
Here, Oct. 5, they were mustered into the army for three years, or 
during the war. They were first ordered to Bowling Green, where 
General Buckner had concentrated the bulk of his army, and was 
fortifying his position and drilling his troops. Here thej were 
I'oined to the First Kentucky Cavalry, under Colonel Ben Hardin 

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Helm, who was afterward killed. The pompany was subjected to 
rigid military discipline, and during the ensuing winter several 
sickened and died — among them Ignatius McDaniel, Wm. Jones 
and Thomas Lackland. From Bowling Green they went to Glas- 
gow, where they spent their first Christmas in camp. 

Company A engaged in all the battles and hardships which the 
regiment suffered during the war, which were many and severe. 
"Would that we had space to record them all here, as well as the 
names of those who fell on the battle-iield and in camp, never 
again to appear alive in the presence of their families and friends. 


Marcus Jerome Clarke, alias " Sue Munday, " was a noted guer- 
rilla Captain during the last civil war, and once appeared upon he 
streets of Owensboro, in female attire, with long hair, etc. He 
was a nephew of Beverly L.Clarke, a Kentucky statesman of Simp- 
eon County. 

Sue Munday was a lively and mischievous guerrilla, although it 
isnotknowii that he committed any depredations in Daviess County. 
His headquarters were principally about Chaplintown and Bloom- 
field. He committed many acts of depredation and murder in 
various portions of the State. Mar. 12, 1865, he and Captain Billy 
Magrnder and Henry Metcalfe, other notorious guerrillas, were capt- 
ured near Webster, Breckenridge County, by a company of Fed- 
erals, and taken to Louisville, 'where Munday and Metcalfe were 
convicted of murder, and sentenced to be hung. Munday was ex- 
ecuted at the age of only twenty years. Metcalte, through the inter- 
cession of his attorney. Colonel John H. McHenry, of Owensboro, 
had his sentence commuted to imprisonment for five years in the 
State penitentiary. He was soon afterward released, and is now a 
respectable citizen of Ohio County. Magrnder had been danger- 
ously wounded Feb. 28, and, after remaining in a military hospital 
for some time, he was tried, found guilty of murder, and executed 

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Tlie progress which a community makes in material resobrees 
and wealtli cannot be exhibited in any way except by tabulated 
results, so that a fair comparison can be made. Hence this chap- 
ter is mostly statistical, and is designed rather for reference than 
lor continuous reading. The increase of population necessarily 
comes in this connection, so that one can see what a given number 
of people can acconiplisli trom time to time, under the varying 
circumstances. The census, tlierefore, naturally comes first, in the 
presentation of this subject. 





Whites 6,327 

Slaves 1,960 

Free colored 44 


Whites 9,419 

Slaves 2,889 

Free colored 54 




Whites 11,958 

Slaves 3,515 

Free colored 76 



Whites 17,111 

Free colored 3,60! 


■ 20,714 



Whites 22,008 

Free colored 4,528 


Lower Town . 
Upper Town. 
YelviDgton. .. 
Kaottsville .. 


Ciirdsville . . 




Masonville . . 
Sorghotown. . 

White. Bl'cks.iMales. Kerns. Total. 


































22,008 4,528 13,499 13,037 36,536 






But the census of this year, published shortly afterward as "offi- 
cial," gave the following totals: 


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1. Lower Town,includ.Owensb'o 8,355 

3. Upper Town, " " 3,698 
y. Yelvington 1,934 

4. Knotlsville 3,024 

5. Boston 1,014 

0. Murray 2,041 

7. Curdsville , 2,559 

8. Vanover 1,418 

9. Oakford 1.376 

10. Masonville 949 

11. Sbrghotbwn 1,163 


Owensboro 6,231 

Yelvington 172 

Knottsville 157 

Whitesville 309 

Delaware 83 

West Louisville 92 

Masonville 41 

Curdsville 197 

Very little conlidence, however, is placed in the foregoing 
returns. The Directory of 1882 contains 2,898 names for Owens- 
boro, which, multiplied by four (tlie universal rule), gives 11,592 
for this city and its suburbs. Again, in the above table, Oakford 
is made to contain fifty per cent, more inliabitants than Masonville, 
which is certainly a great error. In 1873 Daviess County was the 
fifth in the State in point of population. 


In 1850 there were 1,292 farms in the county and 1,631 dwell 

In 1846 the valuation of taxable property was $2,558,592; in 
1870, $7,825,750. Number of acres of [land in 1870, 262,758, 
valued at $18.36 per acre. Yahie per acre in 1846, §4.20. 

CENSUS OF 1867. 

White males over 31 3,040 

White children between and 30.5,089 

Value of taxable land $4,586,285 

Horses and mares 5,584 

Their value . ; $435,650 

Mules 1,011 

Their value $81 ,920 

Cattle over $50 8,481 

Their value. $00,346 

Stores 117 

Value of merchandi-e ^366,5."i0 

Hogs over .six months old 13,783 

Pounds of tobacco, crop of 

1867 3,393,670 

Tons of hay, crop of 1867 3,22.') 

Bushels of corn, crop ot 1867. . .855,T80 
Bushels of wheat, crop of 1807 . 48,545 
Total value subject to taxa- 
tion $7,779,735 

During the year 202 sheep had been killed by dogs. 
At this time Daviess was tl»e ninth county in the State in point 
of wealth. 

CENSUS OF 1868. 


Acres of land ^ 280,846 

Town lots, about 750 

Horses and mares, 5,463 

JIules \'.o-i~) 

Cattle 8,384 

Stores no 


Gold and silver plate \\\ 


Val ue 





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Total revenue tax $23,795 

White males over 21 3,017 

Enrolled militia 2,010 

Children between and 20 5,008 

Negroes 1,474 

Hogs over six months old 13,525 

Sheep killed by dogs 283 

Pounds of tobacco 2,802,850 

Tons of hay 3,153 

Bushels of corn 860,875 

Taxable property owned by negroes |37,1 10 


The principal variations from the previous year were as follows: 

Enrolled militia 3,264 

Number of hogs 12,485 

Number of blind persons 2 

Number of dumb persons 1 

Sheep killed by dogs 337 

Pounds of tobacco raised 0,298,850 

Bushels of corn raised 962,170 

Bushels of wheat raised 39,410 

Negroes between 6 and 20 .704 

Taxable property owned by negroes $52,760 

Jury fund , $3,686 

Number of deeds recorded ". 647 

Other things generally were from five to fifteen per cent, greater, 
in keeping with the growth of the country. 

In 1870 there were 6,032 horses in the county, 858 mules, 7,890 
cattle, and 11,236 hogs over six m.onths old. This year there 
were also 1,386 farms and 125 productive establishments. 


lbs. lbs. 

1869 6,818,400 

1870 8,493,600 

1871 6,653,555 

1866 5,400,950 

1867 2,802,850 

1868 6,298,85" 

bushels. bushels. 

1866 925,935 

1867 860,875 

1868 960170 

1869 773,275 

1870 1,083,680 

1871 1,092,505 

bushels. bushels. 

1866 30,605 

1867 48,045 

1868 39,410 

1869 70,060 

1870 64,365 

1871 81,693 


tons. tons. 

1866 1,972 

1867 3,153 

1868 2,662 

1869 3,254 

1870 4,804 

1871 8,328 

After giving the above figures. Judge Triplett adds: "Daviess 
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may be set down as the largest tobacco-growing county in tlie 
State. Our corn crop for 1870 was perhaps the largest ever grown 
in the county; but our people are far behind many counties ii: 
their hay crop." 

The great staples are corn and tobacco. About 1,500,000 bushels 
of corn would be considered a full crop for a good season. The 
largest crop of tobacco ever grown was raised in 1872, and mar- 
keted in 1873. It is known by tobacco men as the crop of 1873, 
and amounted to 12,087,000 pounds. The same year the corn crop 
was 1,300,000 bushels. In a fair average season the tobacco crop 
averages about ten pounds of tobacco to each bushel of corn. 

The land is peculiarly adapted to timothy, red clover, red top 
and orchard grass, and the rich hilly lands produce fine blue grass. 
In fact, bine grass seems to be spreading, or spontaneously growing 
over nearly every part of the county. Wheat, rye, oats and bstrley 
generally do well, the wheat crop occasionally averaging twenty 
bushels per acre, and not unfrequently an individual crop runs 
over thirty bushels per acre. Potatoes and all vegetables of the 
climate are cultivated with success. About 900 pounds of tobacco 
and forty bushels of corn are fair average crops per acre. W. S. 
Stone once raised 123 bushels of corn per acre on a field of twelve 
acres, thirteen miles below Owensboro, on the Ohio River. The 
ground was accurately surveyed and the corn correctly measured. 


was first organized -about 1850; had its annual fairs with more or 
less success until about the beginning of the civil war, when it was 
neglected. After the war a new company was formed, with the 
same or a similar name, borrowed $35,000 and bought and fitted 
up grounds near the new cemetery. These grounds comprised 
about twenty-five acres, and were by nature possessed of a beautiful 
alternation of cleared land and forest. The people were energetic 
and took sp^3cial pride in furnishing and ornamenting the place; 
several counties participated. 

At the first fair, iu the fall of 1866, 5,000 to 6,000 people were 
present, at least four days out of the five. Many horses from other 
counties were on exhibition, as well as some fine cattle and sheep; 
but there were no hogs. On the first day there was a splendid dis- 
play of quilts, jeans, linseys and agricultural products. Also of 
garden and field products, needle-work, domestic manufactures, 
fine arts, etc., vying with any previous fair in the State. On the 
second day was the exhibition of cattle, sheep, mules, draft and 

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fine horses. On the third day tine horses constituted the principal 
show; in the afternoon lady equestrianship. An elegant $50 
saddle was awarded the best lady rider. There were fonr contes- 
tants. In the gentlemen's equestrian ring there were sixteen 
entries. The programme of the fourth day was similar to tiiat of 
the third. On tlie fifth and last day, gentlemen's riding and 
tournament .of the Seven Knights. 

The usual dissents from the decisions of the judges were ex- 
pressed. The lady equestrianism was fine. The weather was 
beautiful throughout the time of the fair, and many visitors were 
present who had never before attended a fair. Says the Monitor: 
" There were so many agreeable incidents that we despair oi giving 
our readers an idea of this pleasant 'reunion' of friends and 
acquaintances, many of whom had not seen each other since they 
were separated by war's rude alarum. Not an event occurred to 
mar the harmony of the exhibition." Music was furnished by the 
Louisville Silver Band. Aristocratic hops were given at night. 

All was jollity, 
Fasting and mirth, light wantonness and laughter. 
Till life fled from us like a sweet dream. 

Tlie proceeds of this fair yielded a handsome net profit to the 

Nov. 7, 1866, Clinton Griffith was elected President and Phil. 
T. Watkins, Secretary. 

The fair of 1867 was held the second week in October, and was 
even better, in nearly all respects, than that of the previous year. 
Receipts, $6,000. The Louisville Star Brass Band furnished the 
music. Among the little curiosities was a miniature steamboat, 
made from cornstalks by a colored boy fifteen years old, a servant 
of Captain Belt, of Livermore. The model and workmanship was 

The fair of Oct. 9-13, 1870, was also quite successful. The 
weather was damp on the first day, but fine during the rest of the 
term. A large number of visitors were present from abroad. 

The fair of Oct. 8-12, 1872, was another success, the weather 
being fine. The proceeds were sufficient to pay all expenses, be- 
sides interest on the debt and a surplus. Many visitors were here 
from abroad. Dr. W. S. Woolfolk, President. 

The other fairs, not mentioned above, were generally not so well 
patronized, and the expenses on the whole were rather greater than 
the receipts, so that, by the year 1874, the fair grounds were sold, 
to satisfy a claim of $s,000. A third company was then formed, 

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1^4 Hi~i<>i;v i>i- ii.\\i>,~- 'rx]-!". 

This wii;^ a juint stock assor-i.-iti'Mi, i>>niiiu- seventy-live sharci. ;it 
$ln() eacli, which were reailily t;ii<i'n. -May 2, thio year, the coin- 
panv elected George W. Lcet, Pre>ic.lent; Dr. C. li. Todd. \'ice- 
Prosident; Ed. T. Moorman, Secretary; P. T. AVatkms, Treasurer, 
and a Board of Directors. The limit of memhershij; ^vas fixed at 
l(tO. Eiglity-two had enrolled their names, most of whom had also 
paid in twentj'-five per cent, of their subscription. .-V constitution 
and by-laws were adopted. 

Their first fair, Oct. 6-10, 1871, was well patronized. The ladies 
especially made their respective departments a great success. 

The fair of 1877, the second week of (Jctober, was the largest 
ever hold on the grounds, and the exhibition was better in all re- 

The fair of 1878, the first week in October, was favored with a 
finer exhibition of stock than had ever before been shown in the 
Green River region. Pecuniarily this fair was a satisfactory one. 

Of the fair of 1880, the first day was beautiful; but the weather 
the other four days was generally so unfavorable that the receipts 
fell short of what were anticipated. Had the weather remained 
good, the company would probably have cleared about S2,0n0. 

The fair of Oct. 5-8, ISSl, was largely attended. The amphi- 
theater, which holds 10,00ii people, was, on the principal day, 
crowded to its utmost. The hosre-racing on this occasion was very 
exciting. The whole week passed ofi' pleasantly and profitably. 

The fair of 1882 was a grand success. On the last day the re- 
ceipts were larger than ever before in the history of the company. 


At a meeting of the farmers of this county, at the court-house 
April 10, 1869, for the purpose of organizing a farmers' club. Dr. 
J. Q. A. Stewart was called to the chair, and H. P. Tompkins elected 
secretary. A committee C)f five was ajipointed to draft suitable 
resolutions and provide for a permanent organization, and report at 
the next meeting, on the 24th. 

The appointed day arrived, and the (.-oinmittee made their report. 
A constitution and by-laws were adopted. The object of the asso- 
ciation was declared to be " to advance the ireneral interest of atrri- 
culture in this portion of Kentucky; to spread intelligence of the 
markets for stock and other farm prudnets, and by mutual consul- 

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tation protect their interest against undue advantage being taken of 
them ; to bring together the experience as to the best method of 
cultivating the various crops; of breeding and raising stock; of 
the various descriptions of the best farming implements; and em- 
bracing also the interests of horticulture, fruit-raising, the dairy, 
etc. " 

For the ensuing year John H. McFarland was unanimously 
elected President; J. Q, A. Stewart, Vice-President; H. P. Tomp- 
kins, Secretary; A. C. Sutherland, Corresponding Secretary, and 
Camden Riley, Treasurer. 

The regular meetings of the club were to be at che eourt-house, 
on the last Saturday of each month, at 1 p. m. ®ie llbur arrived 
for the .first meeting under the permanent orgailte«>ion, and the 
club met. Tiie most important business transacted was unani- 
mously to adopt a resolution recommending the " Farmers' Home 
Journal, " published at Lexington, Ky. 

At the next meeting, June 26, the attendance was slim, owing 
to the busy season among farmers. An exciting discussion was had, 
however, over a I'esolution for conferring with parties in the North- 
ern States with reference to the labor system. The resolution was 
laid on the table. The cultivation of Indian corn was chosen for 
discussion at the next meeting. 

Having no further accounts of the meetings of this club, we 
presume that its death took place soon after the above date, and 
that there were not many friends present when it died! 


In the winter of 1868-'9a company was formed with the above 
name, for the purpose of manufacturing sugar from sorgho; and 
on Jan. 20, 1869, a committee, consisting of Dr. J. Q. A. Stewart, 
J. Balee and E. Guthrie, reported that they had seen very good 
sugar made from the juice of the sorgho cane, and that its manu- 
facture was practicable; but from some cause the enterprise was 
never pushed on to success. Since the modern process for whiten- 
ing cane sugar and for the manufacture of glucose have been 
brought to such perfection, sorgho (or sorghum) manufacture can 
not compete with them. 


Jan. 1, 1863, on the emancipation of the slaves of the seceding 
States, wages for manual labor went up to an intolerable height. 

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Negro farm hands demanded $200 to $250 a year, and cooks $25 
to $125. At the close of the war, when greenbacks were more 
plentiful than specie, and the negroes about all free, the prices of 
labor rose to an alarming extent. An effort was therefore made 
by several philanthropic citizens, foremost of whom was C. R. 
Milne, to induce immigrants from Scotland. Su bscriptions were 
raised, and the assistance of Henderson County promised, with a 
view of sending over an agent to Scotland to encourage immigra- 
tion to Kentucky. Mr. Milne promised to give his time if the 
citizens would bear his expenses for a trip to the old country for 
this purpose; Ufit the whole project was finally dropped, through 
sheer neglect, before any immigration was effected. 


The first act for improving the navigation of Green River was 
passed Feb. 16, 1808. It laid upon the several County Courts, 
through or by which the navigable portion of Green River passed 
the responsibility of clearing out that stream and keeping it iu 
navigable condition, requiring overseers annually, in July, August 
and September, to " work it " with hands from the neighborhood, 
namely, to remove all fish-pots, all dams not erected under authority 
of the Legislature, and all logs; to cut aijd clear away all project- 
ing timber; to shrub all points of islands, and to remove any other 
obstructions in the channel. Hands were "exonerated by the pay- 
ment of seventy-five cents per day." An amendatory act Jan. 10, 
1811, declared the navigable part of the river to be that below the 
mouth of Knob Lick Creek, in Casey County, which a year later 
was changed to that below the Adair County line. 

The navigation of Green and Barren rivers was the first to 
seriously engage the attention of the State. In 1833, $526 was 
expended upon it in surveys; in 1831, $15,272 was expended for 
engineering ar.d works upon the locks; and in 1835, $40,033— all 
this before any expenditures were incurred upon other rivers. 
The total estimated cost, in 1831, of four locks and dams in Green 
River and one in Barren River, was $290,988, or within a fraction 
of $862 per mile. This system of improvement embraced 180 
miles in Green and Barren rivers connectedly, thirty miles in 
Green River above the mouth of Barren, thirty in Muddy River, 
nine in Pond River, and nineteen in Rough Creek — 268 miles in 
all. A lock in Rough Creek, to cost $14,891, would extend the 
navigation up to Hartford, Ohio County, a little over twenty-eight 

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miles from its month; and a lock in Pond River, to cost $15,340 
would extend its navigation to thirty miles. The total anioimt 
paid by the State for these works up to Nov. 20, 1837. was 
$243,194:, while less than one third this amount was paid on all the 
other rivers together. The total amount expended to complete the 
permanent navigation upto BowlingGieen, requiring four locks in 
Ureen and one in Barren river, was $859,126.79, which included 
$34,055 for hydraulic lime. 

In thirteen out of twenty-three years, 1843-'65, small dividends 
were realized by the State from this line of navigation — from $32 
in 1859 to $5,610 in 1855; but more than these sums were paid 
back for repairs in other years, namely, $4,811.07 — the gross ex- 
penditures being $2«9,813.66, and the gross receipts, $265,002.59. 
The cost of the improvements turned out to be nearly five times the 

Lock and dam No. 2 was let in January, 1834, and its gates 
opened December, 1837. The rest were completed by 1842. 

The present 


was organized about 1868. consisting of Jolin Eobinson, "Wm. H. 
Payne, O. P. Johnson, D. R. Haggard, F. M. Allison, A. C. 
Turner, H. C. Murray, John V. Sproule, E. B. Seeley, W. S. 
Vanmeter. C. J. Yanmeter, Wm. Brown, and M. D. Hay. A 
thirty-year charter was granted this company by the Legislature, 
on condition that they at the expiration of their charter would turn 
over the river to the State in as good condition as they found it. 
The company represented to the Legislature that the river was an 
expense to the State, and thus secured the grant of adroitly worded 
franchises. Tlio river aotuaih^ had always yielded a net revenue 
to the State, but there was an apparent loss during the war, owing 
to an unawarded claim; and this fact was " made the most of" by 
the raiders, who obtained their deceptive charter and proceeded 
to carry out a perfect monopoly of G-reen River navigation. 

"When this chicanery was discovered about ten years afterward, 
an attempt was made in the Legislature to revoke the charter, but 
failed. A renewed attempt was made at the next session, lS79-'80 
which was sustained by both branches of the Legislature. The 
company, however, refused to give possession of the rivers, and 
the State brought suit in the Franklin Circuit Court for recovery, 
and obtained a decision in its favor; but the ease was referred to 

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tlie Court cif Appeals, whicli reversed this decision, holding that the 
Legislature eonld not revoke the chai'ter. In order to manipulate 
tlie court, the company succeeded in getting a man placed upon 
the judicial bench who had been an attorney for them in all their 
lawsuits. The corporators were men of wealth and influence. 

In the Legislature of 18Sl-'2, another effort was made to remedy 
the evil, in a manner quite different from the preceding, but before 
the bill reached the House the Legislature adjonrned; and thus 
the matter stands at the present writing (February, 1883). 

The present corporators are: G. G. Smallhouse, E. B. Seeley, 
John A. Robinson, "Wm. H. Payne, John V. Sproule and W. S. 
and C. J. Yanmeter. Dr. S. W. Combs, a member of the com- 
pan}', died last fall. 


About 1855 a stock company was organized to build a plank 
road toward Liveriaore; but after ]>laiiking live miles, they com- 
pleted their wm-k as a gravel road company, placing about nine 
inches of gravel on the track to a distance of twelve miles from 
Owensboro. Tliis has proved to be a great improvement, well 
repaying the cost. 

The present company was organized in the spring of 1882, in- 
corporated as a stock company, to gravel all the eastern roads in 
the vicinity of Owensboro for a distance of five miles out. They 
fixed the shares at $50, of which 3.50 were taken. They iiave 
supplied three miles of road with gravel, and their enterprise 
promises to pay liberal dividends, from receipts at the toll gate. 
J. W. M. Field is the President and Plugh A. Williams, Secretary. 
Board of Directors— M. V. Monarch, J. W. M. Field, Allan Reid, 
J. H. Bell and G. W. Williams. 


Loii.lifv'Ue o.nd OnusnHhoro Tdegr'iph Company. — May 4, 186fi, 
at ii meeting held in this city, $50 was ordered to constitute a 
jiliare, and each share one vote. B. Bransford was elected Presi- 
dent. C. B. Hicks, Secretary, and W. B. Tyler, Treasurer. Aboard 
of directors sviis also elected. X. ]\r. Booth was chosen Snyjerin- 
tendent of the lirie. The president and directors were given full 
power to ci.uitract for the construction of the line, call a meeting of 
the stockholders in certain ca'^es, etc., complete control of the line 
b('in2 i>iitC'f"i in tlieii' hat>ds. 

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This company commenced building their line in April, 1866, 
and completed it the next year — the first telegraph line ever built 
in Daviess County. This telegraph was operated until the winter 
of 1873-4:, when it was abandoned. 

Owensboro c& Evansville Telegraph Company was organized in 
September, 1875, as a stock association, with a capital of $2,500, 
shares at $50. James Weir was elected President and John W. 
Porter, Secretary, Treasurer and Superintendent. The stock was 
immediately taken, and the line at once put up, and business com- 
menced. In the summer of 1876 they entered iito a contract with 
the Western Union Telegraph Company, since which time they 
have co-operated. Present officers: S. D. Kennady, President; 
John W. Porter, same offices as at the first. It will be inferred from 
the foregoing facts that Mr. Porter is the prime mover and sup- 
porter of the present telegraph facilities which Owensboro enjoys. 


In the present age railroads are the main factors of cities and 
towns, and a general prosperity itself. Woe unto that town or 
community that is left out in the cold by the contests of money 
kings and railroad giants! In this respect Daviess County has been 
rather unfortunate, not having a railroad until 1870, and but a 
small piece of one at that. It seems, however, to be not the fault 
of the people here, but the natural result of stock manipulations 
among lovers of money, blind often to their own pecuniary interests. 

In 1826 a railway was built by Robert Triplett, three quarters of 
a mile iu length, from the Bo/; Harbor Hills to the Ohio River, — 
the first built in Kentucky and probably the first in the West. It 
was probably operated by mule-power. 

A railroad was proposed from Owensboro to Callioon as early as 
1848, and stock was taken in it by a number of individuals; but a 
proposition for aid or right of way being submitted to -the people, 
it was voted down by a heavy majority; and thus ended railroad 
scheming in this county for many j'ears. 


Jan. 10, 1806, the Owensboro Monitor formally opened out iu 
favor of a railroad south to Callioon, as a means not only of build- 
ing up Owensboro, but of even keeping it up to the level it had 
attained among sister towns. Two weeks afterward it still further 

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l'*0 HISTORY OF DA\-li;ss COUXTY. 

urijed tlie advantages of a railroad, both to the company building 
it and to Owensbovo and the couiitrv ar(mnil j^enerally. In subse- 
quent i^sa•:•s correspondents supported tl-e editor in his earnest 

Nov. [} following a meeting of the citizens of Owensboro was 
lield, when Dr. W. D. Stirman was chosen Chairman and G. W. 
Ray, Secretary. A committee was appointed to secure a revision, 
by the Legislature, of the old charter of the Russellville & Owens- 
boro Company, approved March 2, ISfiO, and another committee 
was appointed to ask aid from the city of Owensboro, through the 
Council. Dec. 3, at a meeting of the citizens of Muhlenburg 
County at Green ville, a request was published for a general meeting 
(jf parties all along the line to take place at Greenville; and ac- 
cordingly about seventy-five represer)tative citizens were appointed 
by Daviess County mass-meeting at Owensboro Dec. 15, to attend 
in a body the general convention at Greenville, to devise means 
and awaken a common interest for an early completion of the rail- 
road. The delegation attended, and reported favorable progress. 
The people of McLean and Muhlenburg counties wanted to trade 
with Owensboro, and therefore were largely interested in the road. 
Not only farm produce, stock and lumber, but also coal in vast 
quantities were to be shipped. 

During the spring of 1867 addresses were delivered to the 
people of the county by Messrs. McIIenry, Hardin, Arch and Isaac 
Sutherland, Triplett, Sweeney, Weissinger, Taylor, Jones, Cray- 
croft, Sims and Elliott, urging the people to vote for the county 
taking $250,000 stock in the railroad, which they did April 16, 
giving 437 majority in the county, and 921 in Owensboro, for the 
stock. A few days afterward the commissioners appointed a board 
of canvassers for every precinct to secure subscription of stock, 
which was taken in $25 shares. The commissioners for Daviess 
County were Dr. W. A. Hickman, T. B. Hardin, H. W. Scott, 
Geo. W. Swoope and Dr. W D. Stirman. In September Dr. Hick- 
man was elected President, A. L. Ashby, Secretary, and T. S. An- 
derson, Treasurer, and every department of the business set in 

Meanwliile Hon. T. C. McCreery and Camden Riley opposed the 
enterprise as proposed, and in October, 1S67, the County Crout 
declined also to lend its aid. But the friends of the road wcn^ on 
with the work. 

Den. 30 a mass meeting of the citizens of Owensboro adopted 

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resulntions favoring the bill pending before the Legislature pro- 
viding for State aid to railroads. 

Jan. 18, 1868, S. D. Kennady and John T. Brooks reported the 
results of a reconnoissance along the proposed route of the road, 
which were very encouraging to the enterprise. In February the 
directory employed N. M. Lloyd as their chief engineer. May 6, 
James Weir was elected President; A. L. Ashby, Secretary and Col- 
lector; W. B. Tyler; Treasurer. The other directors were S. M. 
Wing, C. Riley, Benj. Bransford, S. D. Kennady, F. L. Hall, W. 
A. Hickman and Clinton Griffith. S. Gordon was employed as 
surveyor. Stockholders were at this time slow in paying their 
assessments (which were generally five per cent.), and much ex- 
hortation was resorted to by the officers and friends of the enter- 

June 17, 1868, Chief Engineer Lloyd reported in detail the 
estimated cost of the two proposed routes to Bussellville, making 
that via Calhoon $1,059,554, and that via Livermore $979,872; 
distance via Calhoon, 47.36 miles, and via Livermore, 41.81 
miles; the cost through Daviess County, by the first named route, 
$188,196; by the other, $232,956. Sept. 8, the directors accepted 
the Livermore route, as the people on that line, especially of 
Livermore Precinct, paid more on the stock. By November a suf- 
ficient amount cf stock had been paid in to insure the completion 
of the road to Greenville. Feb. 27, Logan County voted $500,000 
for the road, and other friends proposed to add $100,000 more. 
At this time all the people along the route were considerably in- 
terested, expecting the road to be bnilt as far at least as Bowling 
Green. By the last of April $1,425,485 had been subscribed, but 
some of this was conditional; and the reason that grading had not 
commenced long before was, the directory felt in honor bound to 
wait a reasonable length of time for the people to say how much 
they would give for tlie different routes, so that the line could be 
precisely located, the highest bidders to win. On the third of May, 
1869, however, grading commenced on the Livermore route. 

In the Monltof of June 23, 1869, appeared a very careful, de- 
tailed statement of the resources of this county, and of the matur- 
ity of the bonds of $250,000 voted, interest, etc., by which any one 
could foresee to the end all the pecuniary responsibilities of the 

During the summer and fall of 1869 and the winter and spring 
following, the work of construction went steadily on; and in April, 

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1870, President Weir went East and purchased iron, engines and 
rolling stock. Track-laying coniiuenced in July following. 

In the Monitor of June 8, 1870, Mr. Weir published a full state- 
ment of the condition of the road and of tlie history of the various 

At this time the line had not been located south of Green River, 
owing to the unsettled condition of some of the subscriptions along 
the route. 

July 14, 1870, the fine locomotive "Jo Daveiss, " was landed at 
the Owensboi'o wharf. It was built at the Baldwin works, Phila- 
delphia, at a cost of $11,325, and weighed 49,000 pounds. On its 
being landed here a large assembly of the citizens gathered at the 
wharf to welcome the friendly stranger. On this day other equip- 
ments for th'^, road^'arrived. 

During this season, the summer of 1870, the railroad from 
Rockport to Cincinnati was under good headway in construction. 

Oct. 5, 1870, the directors located the line of the road south of 
Green River, by way of South CarroUton. 

Feb. 15, 1S71, a fine passenger coach, built at Jeffersonville, 
reached Owensboro, to be placed at once on the road. March 2, 
the first excursion was given, which carried the passengers over 
fourteen miles of road, Mr. Ashburn being the engineer. At this 
time track-laying was progressing at the rate of half a mile a day. 
April 14, an excursion of about 600 ladies and gentlemen was made 
to Livermore — this constituting the formal opening of the road for 
business to that point. The excursion was a grand and joyful pic- 
nic, unmarred by accident. 

In October, 1871, President Weir contracted for the graduation 
of the entire route through Logan County, from the Muhlenburg 
County line to the Tennessee State line — a distance of thirty miles. 

In the Monitor of Feb. 7, 1872, an anonymous correspondent an- 
nounced as news that the Owensboro & Russellville Railroad was 
but a link in one of the most important north and south lines of 
railroad in the United States— a line from Chicago to the Gulf of 
Mexico, through the best part of the couhtry. 

The road was completed and put in operation under the super 
vision of the following efficient Board of Directors: James Weir, 
President; R. S. Bevier, Vice-President; Robert Browder, George 
R. Bibb, S. D. Kennady, J. W. Belt, D. M. Griffith and Camden 

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July 31, 1872, President "Weir published to the stockholdera the 
condition and prospects of the road. He had employed a steamer 
to run in the pool on Green River, between the town of Calhoon 
and the mouth of Mud Hiver, a distance of fortj'^-seven miles; but 
the boat could not be retained. The business of the road up to 
this date had been very good, even exceeding the anticipations of 
the board. The road was now running to Stroud City, making 
connection with the Elizabethtown & Paducali Railroad. Up to 
Oct. 1, 18T2, there had been expended in tlie construction of the 
O. & K. Road, $1,406, 118. The money market being somewhat 
stringent in this country, the bonds were sent to Europe. 

In the Monitor of Jan. 29, 1873, President Weir published again 
the condition of the railroad, showing that all went on economi- 
cally, and satisfactorily to all who knew the facts, notwithstand- 
ing tlie carping criticisms of sundry anonymous correspondents of 
the press. From Owensboro to Livermore the road and its equip- 
ments, including machine-shops, depots and station-houses, had cost 
$355,422.75; iron bridge over Green River, $106,827.62; from 
Livermore to the junction with the E. & P. Road, fifteen miles, 
$399,084.87; from the last point to the northern line of Logan 
County, eighteen miles, $238,185.87; from thereto the Tennessee 
State line, thirty-two miles, $344,982,54. From the junction to the 
State line the road was not completed; and it was estimated that 
$90,000 more would prepare it for track-laying. 

About these times (1873) tlie well-remembered stringency of 
business set in, and all railroad construction throughout the 
LTiiited States ceased. Scarcely anj'thing. therefore, was done on 
this road, much less on any other route, until 1878, when another 
m.ovemont was inaugurated for completing this road to Russell- 
ville. The road had already, during the seven years of its exist- 
eTice, reduced freight? from Louisville to about two thirds or less, 
u'ld during that time Owenshuro had about doubled in population 
and wealth. These facts served as a foundation for the propriety 
of voting an additional tax to finish the road, but of course this 
movement met with some op])osition. The proposition, however, 
to vote an additional tax of $50,000 upon the city of Owensboro, 
was carried on June 1, 1878, by 7.o() votes, this number being 
ninetv-thruo more than the requisite majority of the qualified 


During the summer the directory oncludcd to issue $350,000 

twfinty-year six per cent, bonds, with a mortgage on the entire 


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ly-t llIST'iHY OF '.'.Wlh^ii i;r,UNTV. 

rdi'.road, and <^-;inraiitee thy c-uinpletioii uf the roal to Adairvillo. 
in L)gdn County, in twelve uiontlia, it' the city, in' if Logan and 
Daviess, wnnid take §150,000 uf the bomU bearing six ]ier cent., 
payable ,<euu-;uinually after tlio lir^t tweU'e niontlis. Thus they 
would release '')wensiioro of the subscription voted Juno 1 pre- 
viuuslv. !'>..iL Corrupt rnanagciiicnt seemed to set in about this 
rime, an 1 the pcoyU lo-t coulidence in the directory. The way was 
f.iKt bi.'iiig ])aved tlir selling out the road to Louisville parties. The 
tf. litis wci'c stop])eil durinir the winter of ISTS-'O. 

.May 13, 1^71', this road was sold to the jS^ash\-iile, Chattanooga 
tVr St. Louis lluilway Coni|iany. by T. S. Anderson, and new life 
v,-as infused into the entei-jirise, as the new ci.)inpany signified their 
iiitentii»n to run a line to Yincennes, and thus connplete a trunk 
line to Chicago. About the middle of July trains were again 
staried under tlu' 'nianagenicnt of Vice-President Anderson; E. 
v'ulveihciUfe, Sujicrintendent. The track was put in good condi- 
tion vluring -Vugust and September. But in a few short weeks, 
naiiieiy, in . I aiiuary following, the ]S'., C. &. St. L. road fell into 
the liands of the Louisville S: Nashville Railway Company, who 
were interested in building nii Louisville at the expense of both 
Cwensboro and Ciiicigo. Tiiis couj:? (Vetat was accomplished by 
the intricate manipulations of stt>ck in New York. A full account 
is given in the Oweiisboro Mi:Si<enger and Examiner of Jan. 23, 
ISKO. Colonel E. W. Cole, of Nashville, and President of the N.. 
C. Aj St. L. Tl. li. Co., fought bravely against the transfer, but was 
tinnlly defeated. 

I'.i the spring of 18S0 tlic "Evansville, Owensboro & Nashville 
Icaiiroad Company" went into bankrui)tcy: J. Z. Moore, of 
()wensl>oro. Kegister. Go\-eru(_n- Porter sncceeded Colonel Cole 
as President oi' the Nashville, Chattanuoga A: St. Louis Railroad, 
and I'.oj^es still lingered in tiie liearts of the people along the line 
of the O. 6i N. Tload that the track would soon be completed, at 
least to Nashville, orRnssellville; but these hopes were "deferred,'' 
until the ]Hi1")lic " iieart was made sick," and tired out with 
thoughts of suspense concerning the matter. Suspense has now 
grown into a dead negation, with the Owensboro & Nashville 
Railroad ending at Ricedale, forty-four miles from the former city. 

During tlie year 1881 it was decided by the courts that Owens- 
boro's over issue of bonds was illegal. This municipality liad issued 
bands to tlie amount of $320,000 to secure the $250,000 cash au- 

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The iate Railroad Commission recently levied a tax upon this 
road, and the company refused to pay it, on the ground that the 
road was unfinished, while the franchise was it should remain un- 
taxed until "finished.'' The State, therefore, sued the company in 
the Franklin Circuit Court, and obtained a verdict in its favor; but 
the company has taken the case to the Court of Appeals. 

Tlie Legislature of 1881-'2 passed a bill requiring the L. & N". 
Co. to complete the O. & N. Road to Nashville within two years 
or forfeit their charter. The company refused to give guaranties 
that they would complete the track in that time; and the prospect 
now is that the road will have to be sold again, and a new com- 
mencement made. 

Colonel R. S. Bevier, formerly of Rnssellville, but now of Owens- 
boro, has been a zealous and hard-working friend of this road from 
the commencement, and is now the efiScient and popular President 
of the Company. 


As yet there is but one railroad in Daviess Caunty, but of course 
several others have been proposed, notably the route from Louis- 
ville direct to Owensboro along the south side of the Ohio River, 
whicli has been called by various names; as, the Louisville, Clover- 
port & Western Railway; Louisville, St. Louis & Texas, etc. In 
1881 a narrow-gai;ge track was projected on this route, and sub- 
scription books opened for its construction. In Owensboro Messrs. 
Griffith, Bransford and Powers had charge of such books, for 
raising $25,000; but the people along the line did not rally to its 
support as zealously as was hoped. At the present time — the win 
ter of 1882-'3 — a renewed effort is being made to interest the 
people in a standard gauge road on this route. 

In April, 1882, a meeting of the directors was held in Owens- 
boro, which determined to push the survey of the route to a point 
opposite Shawneetown, 111., and to facilitate the survey and provide 
for the maps and profiles and necessary expenses; subscriptions to 
the stock were ordered to be opened at once at Henderson, Union- 
town, Morganfield, Owensboro, and along the rest of the proposed 
route, five per cent, of this subscription to be payable on demand 
after ten days, and the remainder upon the completion of the road. 

As to the location of the line between Cloverport and Owensboro, 
there were (and are still, February, 1883) two routes of equal ad 
vantages — one by Pellville and Knottsville, and the other along 

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the river. Tlie first mentioned is the sliorter route by seven miles, 
hut the location of the line will probably ho made dependent upon 
Llic liberality of the citizens aloii:^ the resi)ectivc; routes. 

Since the year 1872 the question of buil^liu:;- a track from 
Oueiisboro to Vincennes luis been consiilerably a^-itated, James 0. 
iiiidd. of this city, takinj^ a leadini;- ])ai't. lu 1873 a company 
v,:s .irii-ani>;ed, and the tidvantages of such a ruad set forth, by 
ariiijies in tlie newspapers, accouuianied with mii]j5, etc., showing 
tlio mutual benefit to Owensboro and Ohicai^o that would certainly 
a('i.TU(\ Tobacco, whisky, coal, etc., would by it find an outlet to 
fiii-ii^-n ]K)rt$ by way of the lakes; and even Chicago itself would 
i'v' a considerable consumer of Daviess County ]iroduce. It is, 
ihiiiM'd, a much needed road, but there is a '• hitch" somewhere, 
iicrhaps made by rival cities. 

.\ line has been talked of running from Ltichmond, Ya., througli 
()uent.l)oro to ('airo. 111.; also, from Owensboro to llockport. In 
I'--'"! till', latter was a part of the line called the " Owensboro, 
!i(i:Kp->i't A- Seymour Railroad," which was designed to run on to 
i '.■':rfiint:iiiie, O. Indeed, a great deal was done tow;'.i-d commenc- 
.;'.'; 11. irk, but local aid was not :~ufli(!iently I'orthcomiug. 

!" r i'nitlier industrial eiiler]iri.-e. ^a:v, the chapter on (Jwensboro 
iV i -lir, M_\-eral precinct iiist(,irir>. 

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9^ i^^f .:^ir A^iv :>. iT^ 

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Owensboro Bulletin. — The first newspaper in Daviess County 
was the Owensboro Bulletin, started in 1844 as a Henry Clay 
"Whig paper, by Thornton C. Pattee, and continued for several 

Owensboro Gazette — The next was the Owensboro Gazette, a. 
Democratic organ, established about April 10, 1852, by George 
G. Yest, from Frankfort, Ky., now United States Senator from 
Missouri, and Eobert S. Triplett, of Owensboro, still a well-known 
business man of this place. Mr. Vest brought with him from 
Frankfort a good printer named Joseph H. Mayhall, and their 
paper was therefore a very line-looking sheet. The first year it 
had an average of about ninety advertisements in it. from the busi- 
ness men of Owensboro, — among them Tyler & Mayo, Moorman 
& Bros., Allen & Daveiss, W. H. Kerney & Co., J. Hyman &. 
Co., Adams & Shmutte, Wing & Weir, Megill & Bro., and Sim- 
mons & Millett. The proposed Henderson & Nashville Railroad 
was much talked of then, and was therefore a prominent topic in 
its columns. 

Within a year after its commencement Mr. Vest sold the paper 
to Mr. Mayhall, who employed Alfred B. Johnson as editor. 
This man was a brother of Hon. James L. Johnson, and died in 
Owensboro, before the war. In the fall of 1854 Mr. Mayhall was 
thrown out of a buggy and killed, and his widow continued the 
paper for a short time and sold it to a Mr. Hawkins; i)ut it prob- 
ably did not survive long. 

National American, The Shield, and Ford''s Southern Shield. — 
During the Know-Nothing excitement of 1856 the Nationul Ameri- 
can was started in Oweiishoro by Joshua G. Ford, proprietor, and 
George H. Teaman, editor. The tirst number was dated Aug. 6, 
1856. A. G. Botts succeeded Mr. Yeaman as editor, and Colonel 
John H. McHenry was the next, in 1857-'8; and, about this time, 
Mr. Ford changed the name to Tht Shield, and soon after the out- 
break of the war to lord's Southern Shield, which name it 


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sustained until its discontinuance in 1ST5. For a year or so, how- 
ever, during the war, it was located at liartford, Ky. 

^^ CoIoneV Jonhua G. lord was born, it is said, in Caldwell 
County, Ky., about 1831. When twelve years old he came to 
Owensboro on foot and learned the printer's art in the office of the 
Bulletin. In 1858 he married Miss Eliza Imbler. June 10, 1862, 
he was arrested by order of (loneral Boyle, Adjutant-General of 
Kentucky, and conveyed to Louisville, but was shortly afterward 
i-eleased. In 1875 he was elected to the Legislature and his paper 
discontinued. A few months after his term expired he removed, 
with_^the materials of his oftico, to Lacon, 111., where he edited the 
Mdt'shall Coiiihty Deinacrat a number of years. He is now edit- 
ing the Siiuk CovMty Democrat ., in Baraboo County, Wis., whicli 
county, since his arrival there, has changed from Reiniblican to 
Democratic, apparently by his influence. 

^1. G. ^6i;;^.v was County Judge 1858-'66. He died in this county 
about twelve years ago. 

For biographical sketclies of Messrs. Yeaman and McHenry see 
chapter entitled "Sketches of Public Men." 

Oiocnshoi'o Deinocrat. — This j>aper was started a short time before 
the war, by Isaac P. Washburn, an illiterate man. It did not long 
survive the commencement of the war. 

Owenshtjvo Tunes. — This paper, started early in 1S82, by T. P. 
Cietz & Co., is already discontinued. 

Oioenxtx)!'!) iVr.^w.y.— This was an eight-column folio, commenced 
in Issi, by Thomas Collins, as a liepublican local paper; but in a 
tew months it died and the office material was mostly sold to the 
Foitt. Mr. Collins next endeavored to establish a paper at Mt. 
Vernon, Ind., but failed. 

Tlhe (hoi'iishi>i-o Monitor v/i\ii started in 1862 by Henry M. Wood- 
ruff, a strong Union man, who spoke outboldlj' in the face of war. 
The size of the jjajter at first was a twenty-inch six-column folio, 
and the first number is dated Aug. 13, 18G2. In the last week of 
May, 1SG4, Thomas S, Pettit became a jiart owner, "and changed 
the ])olit!cal tone of the paper, and spoke out as boldly against 
Lincoln's administration as his predecessor did agiiinst secession, 
alrliough for the Ujiion. Soon afterward Mr. Woodruff retired 
from the pa]>er altogether. In the autumn of this year Mr. Pettit 
was taken away by military authority, as more fully described a 
little further on, and the paper was discontinued for about six 
n.'onths, excej)t a few weeks, wIumi it was i-un by Rev. Richard C. 

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Gardner, a Methodist Chaplain of the Twenty-seventh Kentucky 
Infantry, who liad for his aid a few sc)ldiers who could set type. 
During these changes considerable damage was done to the material 
of the office. 

The following May, Mr. Pettit returned from " Dixie Land " and 
resumed his old position, bought new press and typo, and battled 
away on the same old principles for which he was banished, and 
increased the circulation to more than 2,000 within a year. In the 
summer of 1869 he purchased a power press. 

The local department of the paper he always kept open to .all 
parties, and the news was given without partisan bias. 

A. L. Ashby, from Mt. Sterling, Ky., was admitted as associate 
editor from May 27, 1868, to Aug. 7, 1872. He was afterward 
Secretary of the Owensboro & Nashville Railroad Company, and is 
now living at Louisville. lie has accumulated considerable prop- 
erty. July 21, 1869, the Monitor was enlarged to eight twentj'- 
six inch columns to the page. 

In 1874 Mr. Pettit sold the Monitor to Robert Campbell, a 
native of Texas, who was educated at Baton Rouge, La., and 
served in Hood's Texas Brigade during the war. He was admitted 
to the bar in Texas, but in 1871, at the age of twenty-six, he com- 
menced journalism in Mississippi. 

The Monitor was suspended about the 1st of March, 1877, and 
the material of the office sold afterward to J. A. Munday, who 
started the Messenger the following August. 

Henry B. Woodruff, proprietor and editor of the Owensboro 
Monitor during tlie first years of the war, was a man of fair abil- 
ity and of zealous Union sentiments. He came to Owensboro as 
a school-teaciier, and taught school a number of terras. He mar- 
ried Miss Sallie Elam, a daughter of Mrs. John S. McFarland. 
He left Owensboro in 1863, when he sold out the Monitor, being 
appointed by Governor Bramlette tobacco inspector in Louisville. 
He now has- charge of the railroad station at Anchorage^ on the 
Louisville & Frankfort Railroad. 

Thornas S. Pettit was born in Frankfort, Ky., Dec. 21, 1843, the 
son of Franklin Duane and Elizabeth (Zook) Pettit; father a native 
of Virginia and mother of Kentucky. He attended Georgetown 
College, and before he was grown up learned the printer's art, 
which came natural and easy to him, and he became an ade})t. In 
1864 he came to Owensboro and purchased the Monitor of Mr. 
Woodruff, and began the publication of a lively local paper, ad- 

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vocating Democratic principles. Unlike his predecessor, he freely 
criticised the acts of the Republican party and their conduct of the 
war, and consequently in a few months (Nov. 17, 1864) he was 
arrested by order of General Stephen G. Burbridge, imprisoned and 
banished south, under the general charge of being "notoriously 
disloyal." He was hurried away, and was sent under an escort to 
Memphis, Tenn., where he was transferred across the lines within 
the Confederacy, in whose territory he traveled until the following 
May, when he returned and resumed the publication of the Moni- 
tor, as already noted. He was the first to establish a successful, 
paying paper in Owensboro, which he did before he was twenty- 
five years of age; and he was the first to bring Gordon and power 
presses to Owensboro. In this paper he published, in several 
successive numbers, his " Trip to Dixie," giving his experiences 
during the whole of the " round trip." These exciting annals 
helped the circulation of liis paper to a wonderful degree, as al- 
ready mentioned. In the South he underwent the many hard- 
ships and privations incident to a common soldier. 

Subsequently he was elected Assistant Clerk of the House of 
Representatives of the State Legislature, which position he held for 
six years, when he was appointed Private Secretary to James B. 
McCreary. This position he afterward resigned, to accept the 
situation of Reading Clerk of the House of Representatives at 
Washington, D. C, for which duty he lias extraordinarily good 
-voice and articulation. On the death of lion. John S. McFarland, 
in 1S09, and through the influence and personal popularity of 
Senator T. C. McCreery, he was appointed by President Johnson 
Assessor of this Internal Revenue District, the duties of which 
position he filled with conscientious fidelity to the close of the 

Mr, Pettit has ever been recognized as a true Democrat. He has 
attended a number of State conventions of his party, and at, every 
one of them he was elected secretary; and at the last National 
convention, which nominated Hancock and Hendricks, he was one 
of the secretaries. He is still active in the political field. Last 
fall (1.SS2) he was a candidate for Congress against James B. Clay, 
of Henderson, but, after an exciting race, lie was defeated in the 
pivotal county of Union, by less than 150 votes. 

Witii all this political work Mr. Pettit has also engaged heavily 
in industrial pursuits. (See account of Marble it Pettit's stave 
factory and lumber mills in the History of Murray Precinct.) He 

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has befei active in many local and philanthropic entei-prises too 
numerous to mention here. He is a Freemason of high degree. 
Within four years after he entered the State Grand Lodge he was 
elected Past Grand Master, a distinction never before accorded to 
a member so young in that body. In December, 1870, he married 
Mies Margaret Blair, a native of this count}', and a daughter of 
James Harvey Blair, formerly a merchant of Oweusboro. Their 
only child is named Harvey Blair Pettit- 


The Messenger and Examiner. — This is a combination of the 
Messenger and the Owensboro Examiner. 

Owensboro Examiner. — This was started Jan. 1, 1875, and con- 
ducted five years by L. Lumpkin, sole editor and proprietor. It 
was a quarto of six columns to the page. Democratic. In 1880 it 
was consolidated with the Messenger. 

Lee Lumphin was born in King William County, Va., in 
1833. He lived there until the last war, in which he served, on 
the Confederate side, throughout the great struggle. He then came 
to Owensboro and entered into partnership with W. T. Courtney 
as a druggist. In 1866 he married Miss Florence Coffey. In 1868 
he opened a book store, which he conducted successfully until he 
sold ont to the Messenger in 1880, along with the Ej'u-nilner. He 
is now a member of the firm of W. J. &, L. Lumpkin, merchant 
millers at the north end of Crittenden street. 

The Messenger. — Aug. .7, 1877, was the date of the first num- 
ber of this paper, an eight-colnmn folio, started by J. A. Munday, 
who, for the purpose, had bought the material of the old Monitor 
office, as before mentioned. C. W. Braiisford was admitted as 
partner in 1878. In March, 1880, these gentlemen bought out the 
Examinen\ consolidating it with the Messenger., still retaining Mr. 
Lumpkin, the proprietor of the former, as business manager. The 
latter, liowever, soon left to carry on a flouring mill. Tiie Messen- 
ger and Examiner has since been issued both as a weekly and a 
semi-weekly. The semi-weekly was commenced as a seven -column 
folio, and in 1882 enlarged to an ciglit-column. In the ^])ring ot 
1881 Mr. Bransford purchased Mr. Munday's interest, and was 
alone until October, when he admitted to partnership Mr. Wrey 
Woodson. The former is senior and tiie latter junior editor. 

This is a model local paper in respei-t to typography, mf,ke-iip. 
quality of paper, and more than all, editorial and business nianagc- 
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ment. It is remarkable what old liGads these young ojentlemen 

The Messenger was issued also as a daily fur about two months 
in the i'all of 1S79, as a six-column folio. Inability to obtain the 
Associated Pro£s dispatches, and tlie consequent necessity of print- 
ing the paper at Evansville, led the proprietors to abandon the 

(;^In connection with the above is a large and nice job office, said 
to be tlie largest in the State west of Louisville, possibly the 
largest in the State outside of Louisville. The material fs tlie con- 
solidation of two considerable offices. Their large power press, 
the Cottrel! & Babcock, is run l)y hydraulic force from the city 
waterworks, equal to four horse-power. A grammar lias just been 
printed at this office. 

0. W. Bransford was born in Owensboro, Ky., Jan. 2-1:, 1858, 
a son of Benj. and Mary E.(Athy) Bransford ; attended schools here 
but graduated in tlie literary- course at Cumberland University 
Lebanon, Tenn., in June, 18T7. He then attended the law school 
at Louisville, wliere he completed the junior course, and was 
elected salutatorian from this class, as a testimonial to his profi- 
ciency. He next accepted a temporary position in Clarke & 
Crntcher's stemmery. At the close of the tobacco business for the 
season of 18T8 he became sub-editor of the Messenger, under J. 
A Muiiday. Within two months he was oflered a partnership in 
the papei'. wliich he accepted, in September, 1878, etc., as above 

L>cc. 21, IS-^.i!, Mr. Bransford married Virgie Lee Finle^, oJ 
Lebanon, Tenn., a daughter of Dr. W. M. Finley, a native of 
('iarksville, Tenn., and a niece of Congressman Finlej', of Florida. 
Mr. Bransford is a young man of remarkable business and execu- 
tive talent, and if lie lives will make a bright mark in the world. 
If lie .should rise to political prominence, he will not be a " hafk- 
'?'//.(/ dog,'' and he therefore might "bite," where tliore is occasion 
in eonie coniest. The Ilopkinsville South Kcnfuchi.un truly says 
of him: '• His •^tyie of wi-Jting possesses a degree of profundity far 
lieyond las years when he is handling editorial subjects. Ho is 
vury t'..'H]]ieratc. and is a model young man in hisliabits, although 
lie Ji.'Cs lut belong to any ch.urch. Concerning his piij'-sical ap- 
]>caraii.'i; the South Kentneklan thus words it: " Ilia hair is- a 

has a fine rod mustache and brown eyes. 

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He is very quiet in his demeanor, and loves his profession more 
than he does his sweet-heart I" 

Urey C. Woodson was born at Madison ville, Ky., Aiic;. 16, 
1859, the son of S. C. and R. J. (Hawthorn) Woodson, the former 
a native of Hopkins County, Ky., and the latter of Anderson County, 
Ky. When he was about five years old his parents moved to Ev- 
ansville, Ind., where he grew to manhood, attending school, etc. 
At the age of sixteen he entered the newspaper business in that city 
first on W\QEvening Herald, afterward on the Sunday Argus, and 
later on the Evansville Daily Courier. He then went to Green- 
ville, Ky., in the fall of 1877, and published the Muhlenhurg 
Echo, a weekly, which he enlarged and made prosperous. In the 
autumn of 1881 he sold this paper and became connected with the 

Hon. James A. Munday, born in Hancock County, Ky., Aug. 
14, 1843, was a son of Redmond and Martha L. (Hamilton) Mun- 
day. His father was a descendant of Reuben Munday, one of the 
first settlers of Virginia. He came to Kentucky when a young 
man, and was married here. He had a family of two daughters 
and one son, the daughters both deceased. He died when his son 
was two years old. After the death of his father James A. and 
his mother moved to Hawesville, where he attended school till 
fourteen years of age. He then entered Greenville Academy, at 
that time flourishing under the presidency of Hon. Edward Rum- 
sey, and superintendence of James K. Patterson, present President 
of the Kentucky State College. He afterward attended the 
Georgetown College, his junior year being interrupted by the 
political troubles preceding the war, on account of which tlie 
school was discontinued. Mr. Munday then returned home, and 
in August, 1S62, after several unsuccessful attempts, succeeded in 
reaching the Confederate lines and enlisted in Company II, Tenth 
Kentucky Confederate Cavalry, under command of (Japtain 11. 0. 
Meriweather. The regiment was afterward assigned to General 
Morgan's command, in all the engagements and movements of 
which he took an active part. He iu a few months promoted 
to a Lieutenancy for soldierly conduct, and when Cajitain Meri- 
weather was detailed for other duty, he to(;k charge of the com- 
pany, in which capacity he did much service as a scout. His 
company and another under his command were assigned to the 
advance of the Second J3rigade on (reneral Morgan's memorable 
invasion of Indiana and Ohio, and were among the first to cha:';;c 

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and carry the breast-works of Corjdon. After the most remark- 
able ride on record his command was foiled in its attempts to 
recross the river at Bnffington Island, Ohio, and in attempting to 
rally a few men and assist in covering a retreat, he with several 
of his regiment were surrounded and captured, and taken to John- 
son's Island. Tlie Government having determined on special 
severity with those who had dared to invade "the sacred soil," 
sent half of General Morgan's officers to the Ohio penitentiary, 
and the other half to the western penitentiary of Pennsylvania at 
Allegheny, holding them as exempt from the cartel of exchange. 
After eight months of close coniinement, Mr. Munday witli his 
fellow officers were transferred to Point Lookout, and afterward to 
Fort Delaware. At the close of the war he returned to Hawes- 
ville, and soon after his mother was killed by being thrown from 
a buggy. Mr. Munday attended a course of lectures at the Louis- 
ville Law University. On his return liome he took charge of the 
Circuit Clerk's office as Deputy, and the following summer was 
elected Circuit Clerk — tlie youngest clerk ever elected in the 
State. He held the office two years. During the time he was 
elected Assistant Secretary of the Kentucky Senate. After the 
expiration ol' liis term of office lie commenced the practice of law 
in Hawesville. In 1870 he came to Owensboro and formed a 
partnership with Judge George W. Williams. In 1871 he was 
made Master Commissioner of Daviess County Circuit Court; re- 
signed that office in 1875 and formed a business partnership with 
Thomas S. Pettit in the manufacture of staves. He sold out in 
1879 and became the owner of the Owensboro Monitor office, and 
established' the Owensboro McS8enyi:i\ a weekly Democratic 
newspaper, a half interest in which was sold in 1878 to C. W. 
Eransford. After beginning the publication of the daily Messenger, 
in tlie fall of 1878, it was consolidated with the Examiner^ a weekly 
paper then owned by L. L\unpkin, forming the Owensboro Messen- 
ger and Ex<iiniiLCi\ published weekly and semi-weekly. Mr. 
Munday cjonrinued in editorial charge of these jjapers until the 
sjjring of 18M, when he severed his connection with them and 
eriL'-ageJ in tlie canvass for Senator in his district, comprising 
Daviess and McLean counties. He was elected Senator in August, 
1881. and took an active ])ai't in the legislation of the session of 
1881-'S2. He is a memb.-i; of the Siur Lodge, No. 19, K. of P.; 
Owcnsi;<ii'.. Loil^re. Nn. l3o, A. Y. &. X. M.,and Owensboro Lodge, 

I. (>. (), ; 

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The Saturday Post. — This sprightly gazette was established hy 
A. T. Oraycroft and Greo. Y. Triplett, the first number appearing 
Sept. 3, 1881. Mr. T. is the business manager and editor. The 
paper is an eight-column folio, the columns a half-em wider than 
the standard measure, and it is issued every Saturday morning. 
It is sincerely and purely Democratic in politics, as the party has 
attested by sending its editor as their Representative to the Legis- 
lature. Jan. 26, 1883, Mr. Craycroft retired from the lirm, leaving 
Mr. Triplett alone. The typography and make-up of the paper 
is magnificent, its editorials spicy, and its selections rich. Mr. T. 
has a high degree of originality as well as of literary ability. 
See chapter entitled "Authors and Artists." 

In connection with the Post is a fine job department. The ed- 
itorial and composition rooms are models of neatness. OfiSce in 
Hill's new block, a few doors north of the Planter's Hotel. 

George Vest Triplett was born in Frankfort, Ky., Jan. 30, 1856, 
and is a son of Robert S. and Louisa M. (Vest) Triplett. "When 
he was two or three years of age the family moved to Louisville, 
Ky., and soon afterward (which was about the beginning of the war) 
they came to Owensboro, where they have since made it their 
home. The subject of this notice has taken a course of study at 
Transylvania University, and also Central University, Richmond, 
Ky., finishing both an academic and a law course. His law pre- 
ceptor was "Wni. Chenault, one of the finest instructors of law in 
America. He was admitted to the bar at Richmond, and on his 
return to Owensboro he commenced the practice of law in the 
office of "Williams & Brown, remaining there about two years, 
1877-'9, when he became assistant editor of the Examiner. "When 
this paper was consolidated with the Messenger, Mr. Triplett went 
to "Washington City to accept a position on the Daily Post. In 
the beginning of the summer of 1880, he formed a partnei'ship with 
Camden Riley, Sr. In August, 1881, he was elected to the 
Legislature and immediately started the Saturday Post, as above 

As a lawyer Mr. Triplett still takes such buliness as will not 
interfere with the interests of his paper. He is a member of the 
order of Knights of Pythias, and is still one of "ye jolly bache- 
lors," wii.>se doings in their clu'b room X?!; he so wittily writes up 
in his i) 

A short sketch of Mr. Craycroft is given in Chapter V. 

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Methodist Standard. — Tiiis was started in February, 1882, by 
Revs. J. S. Scobee, G. II. Hays, D. D., and B. F. Orr. It is a 
four-page tnontlily, with four wide columns to tlie page. A sketcli 
of Mr. Scobee appears in another part of this volume. Mr. Orr 
is a resident of Owensboro, and Mr. Hays of Cloverport. Tlie 
paper is printed by O. T. Kendall & Co. 

Hmne and School. — This is a local educational monthly started 
in January, 1883, by O. T. Kendall ct Co. It has eight pages 
four columns to the page. 

An effort was made in 1866 to establish the Baptist Herald in 
Owensboro, but in vain. 

The Press Association of Kentucky met in Owensboro, June 7 
and 8, 1871, when a good delegation was welcomed by the citi- 
zens. They met first in the court-house and then at the Baptist 
church, when Colonel R. M. Kelly, of the Louisville Commercial,. 
delivered a very amusing address, and Benjamin Casseday read an 
original poem. In the evening a sumptuous banquet was given at 
Allen Gilmour's, and also at Bransford's hall, — the latter given by 
the citizens. A large share of the credit for the success of the 
occasion is due E. II. Taylor, J. II. McHenry, T. C. Jones and J. 
G. Ford. The tables were supplied by F. T. Guenther. Kelly's 
address and Casseday's poem were published in full in the next 
number of the Monitor. 

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One of the oldest members of the Daviess County bar, and a 
prominent business man of Owensboro, was born in Greenville, 
Ky., June 16, 1821. His father, James "Weir, was born near 
Charleston, S. C, and belonged to a Presbyterian family of Scotch- 
Irish descent, that emigrated to America from the north of Ireland. 
His mother, Anna Rumsey, was born in Virginia, and was a niece 
of James Rumsey, who is justly entitled to tlie claim of being the 
first to apply steam as a means of propelling boats. His father 
came to Kentucky toward the close of the last century. He first 
adopted the business of surveyor, and afterward exchanged this 
for a mercantile career, and his business extended over a wide ex- 
tent of territory. He carried on, and managed, under his own 
supervision at the same time, stores at Equality and Shawueetown 
in Illinois; at Henderson, Morganfield, Madisonville, Greenville, 
Lewisburg, Hopkinsville and Kussellville, in Kentu cky, a at 
Gallatin, in Tennessee. Although a large amount of capital was 
necessarily involved in this extensive and wide-spread business, it 
was his boast that he never borrowed a dollar, nor failed to meet 
a debt at its maturity. 

James Weir, the subject of this sketch, was educated at Centre 
College, at Danville, Ky., one of the oldest institutions of the 
State. After graduating here he entered the law school of Tran- 
sylvania University, in Lexington, where he prepared for the 
legal profession. March 1, 1842, he married Miss Susan C. Green, 
daughter of Judge John Green, of Danville. Mr. Weir settled 
in Owensboro in 1848, and devoted himself to the practice of law, 
gaining a high standing at the bar as a chancery lawyer. He 
found time, however, to give to literary pursuits, and in 1849-'60 
three novels appeared, of which he was the author. 

During his residence in Owensboro, Mr. Weir developed busi- 
ness qualities of no ordinary character, and when the Deposit 
Bank was organized in 1859, he was chosen its President, and still 


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continues in that position. To his management is chieiiy due its 
present high standing among the banking institutions of Ken- 
tucky. He was the first President of the Owensboro & Eussell- 
ville (now the Evansville, Owensboro & Nashville) Railroad. 
This office he retained from 1869 till the latter part of 1878. 

Mr. Weir has never minified in politics, nor has he ever been a 
candidate for any public office. Ho has attended strictly to his 
])rofessional business, and since 1850 has had little time to indulge 
his inclination for light literature, or at least to no greater extent 
than to be the author of some fugitive pieces which have a])peared 
from time to time in the popular magazines of the day. His 
ample means have not had the effect of making him selfish or il- 
liberal. He has taken part in e^'ery public enterprise which prom- 
ised to be of benefit to the community. In 1880 he opened a 
large factory for the manufacture of carriage material^ a more full 
account of which is given in the history of Owensboro. Mr. 
Weir's charities have been wide, but unostentatious. While his 
abilities as a financier have been of service in building up his 
own fortune, they have also been exerted for the promotion of the 
interests of the city and county of which he is a resident. 

Ml'- Weir's residence is one of the most magnificently frescoed 
buildings in this part of the world. The work cost over $12,000, 
and was done by an ex-officer of the Confederate array, of foreign 
birth and education. The elegant historic paintings on the ceiling 
of the library, in the groupings and combinations, are a constant 
source of study and pleasure. 

Mr. Weir demonstrated his capacity as a literateur when com- 
paratively young. Before he was thirty years of age he wrote and 
published three stories, which were bound in book form and sup- 
plied to the regular trade by the chief publishing house of Phila- 
delphia, Lippincott, Grambo & Co. The works are the following : 

1. Simon Kenton. This is a novel in which it is designed to 
give a sketch of the habits and striking characteristics of the popu- 
lation of the western portion of N"orth Carolina immediately fol- 
lowing the war for independence, and in it to introduce Simon 
Kenton, the great scout and Indian fighter, and also his constant 
opponent and enemy, Simon Grirty, the tory and renegade. In 
this volume the character in which Kenton was interested and con- 
nected came off victorious. 

2. The Winter Lodge is a sequel to Simon Kenton, and trans- 
ports all the characters to Kentucky i,n an early day when first set- 

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tied; and in it are introduced many of the most striking characters 
of that period, and many incidents in the early history of Ken- 
tucky, with sketches of scenery, the Mammoth Cave, etc., and 
also the battles in which Simon Kenton and Simon Girty were en- 
gaged, and the habits and marked characters of the early pioneers. 
The name " Winter Lodge " is derived from the name of a cabin 
erected by Kenton for the hero and heroine of these two volumes, 
and ornamented with carpets of buffalo hides, lined with furs. 

Mr. Weir intended in his younger days to write a sequel to this 
volume, running down to the War of 1812, and the death of Ken- 
ton and Girty, but increasing business on his hands prevented him. 
In Collins' History of Kentucky there is a sketch of the life and 
times of Kenton, and Girty was a desperado who figured largely 
among the pioneers of Kentucky and Indiana. 

3. LoNz PowEKS ; or, the Regulators : A romance of Kentucky, 
based on scenes and incidents in this State. This interesting story 
was published in two duodecimo volumes, 319 and 364 pages, in 
the year 1850, by Lippincott, Grambo «fe Co., Philadelphia. 


now a resident of New York City, but formerly of Owensboro, 
wrote and published a work on the " Study of Government," while 
he was a resident at Copenhagen, Denmark, as a United States 
Minister. A biographical sketch of Mr. Yeaman appears in the 
chapter entitled, " Sketches of Public Men." 


President of the Owensboro & Nashville Railroad, was born at 
Painted Post, Steuben Co., N. Y., April ^8, 1834. His father, 
Benjamin W. Bevier, was a farmer of that place, and about one 
year afterward moved to Michigan, and then to Kentucky. The 
family, whose name originally was De la Baviere, came from 
France, at the time of the "Massacre of St. Bartholomew's Day," 
which event compelled them to seek refuge in Holland, where 
they remained about 100 years, and until they emigrated to this 
country with the New York Patroon, Van Rensselaer. After re- 
ceiving a liberal education he commenced the study of law under 
the dirocuou of John Todd, Esq., of Russell ville, a distinguished 
lawyer of Logan County, and continued it at the law school at 
Lebanon, Tenn. On the completion of his studies, and his 
admission to the bar in 1852, he went to Bolivar, Polk Co., Mo., 
and commenced the practice of his profession. 


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In the winter of 1855 he went to Kansas as Prosecuting Attorney' 
and while there became engaged in the " Wakarusa war," and in 
the various conflicts with John Brown and his followers. In 1856 
he located at Keokuk, Iowa, but in consequence of the strong 
Republican tendencies of that vicinity, he soon removed to Bloom- 
ington, Macon Co. , Mo. , where he continued to reside until the 
breaking out of the late civil war, having met good success in the 
practice of his profession. During that time he was selected as 
local attorney for the Hannibal, St. Joseph & North Missouri R. 
R. , County School Commissioner, Douglass Elector for his district, 
in 1859, and was appointed division inspector, by Governor Jack- 
son, with the rank of Colonel. He was unanimously elected to 
the command of the regiment from Macon County, and, joining 
Henry Sterling Price, was soon engaged in the struggle, partici- 
pating in the battles of Dry wood, Elkhorn, Farraington, Inka, 
Corinth, Grand Gulf, Port Gibson, Champion Hills, Big Black, 
and through the sieges of Lexington, Vicksburg, and Richmond. 
His regiment becoming greatly reduced in numbers by hard ser- 
vice and casualties, he was ordered to Richmond, as General 
Military Agent for the State of Missouri, continuing there until 
the close of the war, with the exception of the time consumed in a 
mission of carrying foreign dispatches to Cuba, in the accomplish- 
ment of which he was obliged to run the famous blockade. At the 
termination of the war he returned to his old home at Russellville, 
Ky., being prevented, by reason of political disabilities, at that 
time existing, from returning to Missouri. He again resumed the 
practice of law, and was elected Yice-President and General 
Agent of the Owensboro & Russellville Railroad. 

Mr. Bevier possesses line literary qualities, and contributes to 
various magazines. While a resident of Russellville, Ky., he 
prepared a very fine history of the First and Second Missouri Con- 
federate Brigades; also a "Military Anagraph," being a journal 
of his experiences in the army, " From Wakarusa to Appomattox. " 
The two accounts are published together in one volume of a little 
more than 500 octavo pages, by Bryan, Brand & Co. , St. Louis, Mo., 
in 1878. The work is ably written,being prepared with great care, 
and is illustrated with very line steel portraits of General Sterlintf 
Price, Senator F. M. Cockrell of Missouri, Dr. J. M. Allen, and 
of himself. The volume concludes with a list of survivors of those 
brigades, with present (1878) residence and occupation. 

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editor of the Saturday Post^ is a witty, original writer. "His An- 
nals of the Bachelors' Club," published in the Post in the autumn 
of 1882, are rich and racy. The following poem has gone the 
" rounds of the press," and finally found its way into the play of 
the "Jolly Pathfinders," now so well known 'throughout the 



Shady tree, 

Babbling brook, 
Girl in hammock, 

Reading book. 
Golden curls, 

Tiny feet, 
Girl in hammock 

Looks so sweet. 
Man rides past. 

Big mustache. 
Girl in hammock 

Makes a "mash." 
Mash is mutual. 

Day is set, 
Man and maiden 

Married get. 

Married now 

One year ago. 
Keeping house 

On Baxter Row. 
Red-hot stove. 

Beefsteak frying. 
Girl got married, 

Cooking trying. 
Cheeks all burning. 

Eyes look red, 
Girl got married — 

Nearly dead. 
Biscuits bum up, 

Beefsteak charry. 
Girl got married, 

Awful sorry. 
Man comes home. 

Tears mustache. 
Mad as blazes. 

Got no hash. 
Thinks of hammock 

In the lane 

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Wishes maiden 

Back again. 
Maiden also 

Thinks of swing, 
Wants to go back. 
Too. Poor thing. 
Hour of midnight, 

Baby squalling, 
Man in sock-feet 

Bravely walking. 
Baby yells on, 

Now the other 
Twin, he strikes up 
Like his brother. 

By the bottle, 
Emptied into 

Baby's throttle. 
Naughty tack 

Points in air. 
Waiting some one's 

Foot to tear. 
Man in sock feet. 
See him — there. 
Holy Moses, 

Hear him swear ! 
Raving crazy 

Gets his gun. 
Blows his head oflF. 
Dead and gone. 
Pretty widow 

With a book. 
In a hammock 
By the brook. 
* * * 

Man rides past. 
Big mustache. 
Keeps on riding, 
Nabt Mash. 


A short biographical sketch of Mr. Triplett appears in the 
chapter on the " Press." 

EEV. B. F. OEE, 

a/ Methodist minister of Owensboro, a short time ngo wrote and 
published a work entitled "The Papal Power in Politics; or, 
Rome aijainst Liberty." It was a duodecimo of 256 pag'es, written 
for popular reading, and from tlie standpoint of the citizen. It is 
not a work for the learned only, but for the masses. The p.iper 
and type are very fine, and no doubt every citizen of Daviess 
County is or ought to be interested in this great question. 


son of Thomas W. and Susan (Fry) Gray, both natives of Vir- 
ginia, was born in Elkton, Todd Co., Ky., April 9, 1824. His 
father was a merchant and farmer. When nine years of age 
his parents moved on a farm; remained two years and then went 
to Louisville, where his father became a merchant. He died 
in 1842. J. H. attended school at Louisville, and also at George- 
town College, Kentucky. Took up teaching near Frankfort; then 
had charge of an Academy in Burlington; went back to Louis- 
ville, taught in th."t neighborhood seven or eight years; then went 
to Russellville, Ky., and taught mathematics in Bethel College 
seven years; then came to Owensboro in 1869 and took charge of 
Central Baptist Institute, now the Upper Ward school building, 
for two years ; sold out to the town, on account of graded public 
schools. He was engaged as Superintendent of Public Schools, 
which he organized and conducted two years. He then taught a 
private school here one year, and returned to Bethel College and 
taught mathematics eight years. Returned in the summer of 1882 
and started a private classical school on Bolivar street. He has 
thirty eight scholars, and is doing well. He was married May 8, 
1861, to Miss Fannie Wirt Fry, daughter of W. W. Fry, of Louis 
ville, Ky. They had eight children, four living— Fannie W., 
Leslie Walker, Herbert S. and Eugenia D. Prof, and Mrs. Gray 
are both membsrs of the Baptist Church. Politically he is a 

A request to Mr. Gray, for a review of his system of teaching 
grammar, elicited the following reply: 

Swinton, in the preface of his grammar, says that "at the time 
of its first publication (1872), it had become a conviction in the 
m^nds of many t^io^fj)g^^y^^Jj^croso^<l®'"^ *^'^* English gram- 


mar, as set forth in books and taught in schools, was failing to 
accomplish its avowed end, namely, 'to teach the art of speaking 
and writing the English language with propriety.' " He then says 
that his ^^Progressive Grammar was an attempt to break loose 
from the shackles of purely technical grammar — to strip it of fruit- 
less formalism, and to introduce the constructive element. The 
experience of the school-room led the author to believe that a 
method of language-training quite different from that mainly in 
vogue was necessary; there arose, in fact, the thought oilanguage 
as one thing, and grammar as another thing." 

I believed fully in this general failure in teaching grammar, but 
not in the implied cause, "The shackles of purely technical gram- 
mar," nor in the proposed remedy, "Language as one thing and 
grammar as another thing;" — by which is meant that the correct 
use of language should be taught rather by empirical practice, than 
by a logical examination of its structure. No grammar is freed 
from "technical shackles," and Mr. Swintoii's is as fall of them as 
the rest. Tlie plan applied for their removal is to anticipate or 
supplement them with endless respective wi'itten exercises. It is 
but eking out by rote the failure of clear analytic comprehension. 
It is falling upon what is called, in opposition to the analytic, the 
"na^wraZ" method, so much in vogue in teaching the modern 
languages. In my Report of the Owensboro Public Schools {_1872) 
occurs the following language : — 

"A word upon the much praised natural methods in teaching. 
The correct name is infantile methods, or animal methods, sensi- 
tive methods, rote methods, repetition methods, versus rational or 
logical methods. It is the method of the French phrase book, by 
which young ladies learn to repeat a number of polite expression?, 
and call it the knowledge of the French language. If there is any 
thing which science means, it is the acquisition of knowledge 
through the medium of its organic laws and relations; it is the 
proposition that the Jiuman mind is competent to grasp the princi- 
ples, and from these elaborate the formal modes of the subject- 
matter. It means that we do not learn all things else, as we 
learned to babble our mother tongue; that we have not to become 
infants at the threshold of each new subject which we wish to learn, 
but by the unfolding of our rational powers, we can avail ourselves 
of rational conditions and methods." 

Education is the exercise of the judgment, rather than the 
memory; and tiie acquisition of the knowledge of a principle is 

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the compreliension of a thousand facts, in their essential import 
and relation. Grammar is the science of the structure of language, 
and if it fails to teach its correct use, it is because it is not under- 
stood, or is willfully disregarded. 
The causes of failure in teaching it are: 

1. The cumbrous absurdities of the Murray system in treating 
the English as an inflected language— on the basis of the Latin. 

2. False nomenclature and definitions conveying indistinct and 
indiscriminate ideas of its principles. 

3. The inconsistencies and obscurities of its analysis. 

■4. The presumptive use of technical verbiage previously to its 

5. The pedantry of the author and the presumed erudition of the 
pupil in making the examples a copious expression of the gems of 
literature — as intelligible and cogent as if they were written in 

6. The address of the expression, the notes, the well-pointed 
r-'inarks to the literary public, instead of to the comprehension of 
the common school-boy who has to learn the meaning from the 


7. Tlie presumption of an accurate knowledge of elementary 
grammar, philosophy, etc., in the reckless abruptness of the more 
advanced grammars— rendering them incomplete and impracticable 
as independent books for mature pupils. 

8. The obscure and intricate culling ot one element at a time in 
empirica,! exercises obscured by the ignorance of the pupil of the 
other elements of the seutance — especially the erudite sentences 
of those advanced grammars which are presumed to teach the 
science of language. 

9. Big books crammed with incidentals that the boy need not 

In my own teaching I have generally used some one of the popular 
grammars, — floundering as best I could in the midst of its intrica- 
cies, — skipping, doubling, reversing in many ways to lead (not load) 
the mind of the pipil along a clear and consistent course. In 
organizing the Owensboro Public Schools, I recammended one for 
use, and had no thought of resorting to singular methods of instruc- 
tion, only so far as the exigencies of the case should require. It 
was in endeavoring to remove the difficulties of the teachers that I 
suggested what 1 conceived to be a systematic course, an adequate 
nomenclature, and exhaustive analysis. I believe in the minimum 

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use of text-books; and that in a graded school, the best i)lan is to 
teach grammar simply b.y diagrams and discussions, without the 
use of a book. But this was left to the teacher, and if mj analysis 
had gone no farther than the teachers' meetings, it would have 
served ray purpose, if the teacher did not need it in the school- 
room. The object was to teach the pupil the knowledge of the 
language, and not to introduce any special system of grammar. 

In the expression of the analysis of the language, two general 
methods present themselves, — the one a descriptive analysis with- 
out technical nomenclature, which may be easily done; the other 
a technical notation of each principle. In my own teaching I 
might hesitate as to which I should adojit. In a casual suggestion 
to others— a mere synopsis, — a collection of diagrams and defini- 
tions, the use of nomenclature fixes and recalls the analysis. In 
chemistry the nomenclature is of great service in expressing the 
character and relations of the elements and compounds. In the 
midst of their multiplicity, the seemingly confusing terms and 
formulas reallj"^ give a succinct expression of the principles which 
could hardly be otherwise so simply presented. This must be the 
case in a thorough grammatical notation. A single illustration will 
exhibit the method: 

Case was defined, in the books, to be the relation pi the noun to 
other, words in the sentence. Then we had the nominative case, 
"independent" or "absolute," implying and asserted to be with- 
out relation. Then we had the expression, O, thou good hoy! — 
no sentence at all, but the noun having a case, and the independent 
nominative having a relation to other words. The nominative was 
said to be generally the agent, actor or doer, and then we had the 
nominative equally prominent as the reverse of agent or actor. It 
WHS said to be always the subject of the verb (Pinneo), and then it 
was predicate and not subject. The nominative in apposition was 
anuexed for emphasis or explanation of tiie subject — contra-distin- 
guished in the mind of the pupil, from the subject. We had the 
objective case as the object of action, contrasted to the nominative; 
then the nominative as subject and object of action; the objective 
case as agent, with the nominative as object. "We had the general 
definition of the noun as the name of an object, yet one was sub- 
ject and the other object — an objective case because it was the 
tobject, and when it was not the object, and though an object, and 
he object of the ve rb yet not the objective, but the nominative. 
And air these intricate '■ relations " were Init two cases. They are 

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very clear to you — and so is Greek when yon understand it. But 
it is terrible Greek to the boy. A nomenclature which would eluci- 
date all this, would have to bear the charge of introducing new and 
multiple cases; but it might, by calling distinct things by relatively 
distinct names, discriminate them and their relations to the strug- 
gling mind, and stamp with a term an idea which would save the 
endless repetition and circumlocution of rote parsing. 

The verb is as barbarously mangled as the noun. It expressed 
action, ieing or state. The word action. expresses action, and is not 
a verb; the word being or existence expresses being, and is not a 
verb; the word state or condition expresses state, and is not a verb. 
The potential mode denotes not only power, but will, obligation, 
permission, etc. The imperative mode is used by the beggar, and 
by man in invoking his Maker. The infinitive mode is not infinite, 
the indicative mode does not "simply indicate." 

Such are some of the beauties of most of the grammars. The 
teacher in such case should use every endeavor and device to re- 
move the obscurities, and not thrust the senseless jargon into the 
unwitting memory of the child. If the verb be defined as the term 
employed to assert or make the statement, or affirm in the sense of 
making an affirmation, — in whatever mode declarative; and a 
sentence be defined to be a statement about some object, with which 
others may be swSordinately associative or otherwise illustrative; 
and s, preposition be termed a relative; then the distinctions of 
nominative and objective may be expressed as: 


Affirmate^snbject. Sub-verbal. 

Afiirmant=predicate. Sub- relative. 

Co-afiirmal^apposition. Mine==Pa88-affirmal. 

Yocal^independent. Poss-sub verbal, etc. 

The above is sufl[icient to suggest the general method. Having 
been engaged in the exclusive teaching of mathematics for the last 
eight years, no further interest was felt in the system. The fol- 
lowing diagram will illustrate the simplicity with which its princi- 
ples were discussed: 


1. An Element is one of the kinds of parts of which anything 
is composed. 

2. A Relation is a (special) kind of connection. 

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3. A Principle is a law of relations — depending on the nature of 

4. Science is the explanation of principles — an explanation of 
the laws of the kind of connection, depending on the kinds of parts 
of which anything is composed. 

5. ^^-^is the application of the principles of science. 

6. Definition may give the meaning, dependent on the elements 
or constitution of anything; or its import, which is its meaning 
in relation to something, from which it may be discriminated. 

7. Language: we all know the meaning of this term. 

8. Grammar is the science of language, and the art of correctly 
applying its principles. 


John F. Allan^ born March 4-, 1852, in Daviess County, Ky., 
is a son of Benjamin S. and Rebecca (Evans) Allan, natives of Jef- 
ferson County, Ky. His father came to Daviess County in 1851, 
and located on a farm eight miles from Owensboro, on the Hardin- 
burg road. He lived there nine years and then sold it, and bought 
another seven miles east of Owensboro, where he still lives. 
John F. was the eldest of six children. He attended the district 
school of his neighborhood, known as the "Pleasant Yalley" 
school, and afterward spent three years at school in Louisville. 

His earliest delights were connected with pictures, and his high- 
est aspirations to be an artist. His visit to the Centennial in 1876, 
that sublime vista of art treasures, only impressed him the more 
with a higher appreciation and respect for that which he ever had 
a fondness — the fine arts. And though for a time his productions 
were undervalued by the community, scarcely obtaining for him- 
self a subsistence, yet he was content to dwell in simple retirement, 
believing that labor would bring its own reward. The love of the 
beautiful was the law of his being; the beautiful in nature and art, 
his chief joy. It is said the sight of the mountain and sea moved 
him with unutterable thought. And that years ago, while on a 
visit to St. Louis, Mo., he became so interested and forgetful of self 
and his surroundings in the study of a statuette, he was un- 
consciously robbed of his watch, which was never captured. 
While Mr. Allen's portraits possess not the finish which are 
given by other artists of more experience, yet he is remarkable in 
securing a true likeness, and his productions seem to flow from his 
hand with freedom. He says while he neither expects profit nor 

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fame from his profession, yet the pleasure derived from it have 
amply rewarded him; that it has multiplied and refined his enjoy- 
ments. His chief delight is in obscurity and repose, embodying 
the visions of beauty that rise before his spiritual sight, and they 
expand into full-blown beauty as he ponders over them. 


There are many good violinists in Daviess County; but when a 
blacksmith tops them all as a note-reader and violin-plaj-er, like Mr. 
Joy, he ought to be honorably mentioned by name. This genius 
was born in Henderson in 1834, and has spent all his life in the 
South. He came to Owensboro in 1880, since which time he has 
resided here, an '•artificer]iu iron" at Guenther's Novelty Machine 
Shop, excelling in the manufacture of mill-nicks. He has no 


a photographer by trade, but now a traveling salesman, is an ex- 
traordinarily good violinist. 


the noted distiller, is also a fine performer upon the four-stringed 

A eemaekable autogeaph album. 

Probably the most valuable autograph album in this part of the 
country is in the possession of Dr. Phil. T. Johnson, of Owens- 
boro, but was originally the property of his aunt. Miss Eliza E. 
Triplett. It contains seventy-five leaves, nine and a half by eleven 
and a half inches in size, gilt-edged, and substantially bound in 
embossed morocco. But its remarkable value consists in its auto- 
graphs of many of the most eminent statesmen and other promi- 
nent men of the nation, trom the days when Jackson, Van Buren 
and Clay were in the height of their glory to an indefinite period 
after the last war. The album was generally kept at Washington, 
D. C, where it was convenient to these great men. The reader can 
obtain a better idea of this remarkable heirloom if we give a list 
of the autographs, with either a quotation of the sentiments or some 
allusion to them in detail. 

The dedication of the album was executed by the renowned 
Henry Clay, as follows: 

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"My Dear Miss Eliza: — I comply with your request to record 
my name in your album with great pleasure. Independent of 
your personal claims to my friendship and esteem, you have valid 
hereditary titles. Besides recognizing among my valued friends 
your father and mother, almost every one in Kentucky who bore 
the honored name of Hopkins, your near and dear relations, were 
known to me and enjoyed my esteem and regard, as I did theirs. 
" May you live to realize every hope of your parents, every bless- 
ing and enjoyment anticipated by your young heart, and live and 
finally, at some far distant day, die, in a minnerdcceptable to 

" Your faithful friend, 

" H. Clay, of Ashland. 
" Washington, ith April, 1842." 

The above is written in an exceedingly fine and close hand, as if 
done by a very sharp, fine steel pen. 

The next is a page of beautiful poetry by W. O. Butler; then 
the following: 

You ask, fair maiden, for one line ; but I must give you three ; 
For a couplet at the least, for the rhyme's sake, there must be ; 
And a triplet, for your name's sake, therefore take from 

F. S. Key, 
Who topes that thus hereafter, -whate'er your wishes be. 
Thrice more and better than you ask may be given unto thee. 

Francis S. Key, the reader will recollect, was the author of the 
celebrated patriotic song, '-The Star-spangled Banner." He fol- 
lows the above with a quotation from the 103d Psalm, and then 
indites the following stanzas, based upon the quotation: 

Such are thy days: so shall they pass away, 
As flowers that bloom at morn, at eve decay. 

But then tbere comes a life that knows no end, 

R^ich in unfading joys tbat far transcend 

Thy highest thoughts or warmest wishes, given 

To those whose days on earth have fitted them for heaven. 

There is a covenant, it is sealed with blood; 

A risen Savior, a forgiving God ; 

These all are thine. May these thy thoughts employ,— 

Thy days all pass in peace and end in joy. 

WaaUngton, 20 July,— 43. 

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Handwriting a little heavy and hurried, otherwise there is nothing 
peculiar about it. 

Then follow these autographs: 

"Very respectfully yr obt srt, A. Sidney Johnston," Chirog- 
raphy light and graceful. 

" Incidents and anecdotes of the war requested. Respectfully, 
D. H. Hill." In plain but ready back hand. 

" Raphael Senames." An easy hand, apparently with a quill. 

"James Madison." Nothing peculiar in the stroke of the pen. 

" P. Henry." Flourishing. 

" R. E. Lee." Letters tall and lean. 

"Iain, very dear Brethren, W. L. Breckenridge." Angulat 
and careless. 

" L. Summers." Half printed, with " water " shading. 

" I remain your obt. sert., G. T. Beauregard." A fine stroke of 
the pen. 

"Capt. Del. Kemper, let Brig. Ist Div , near Union Mill, Ya." 


Fair Maiden, daughter of the West, 

Where God in mercy did create thee. 
If prayer of mine can make thee blest, 

Long years of happiness await thee. 

Thy native land, in future days 

Columbia's darling pride and glory, 
With time revolving soon shall raise 

A chieftain long renowned in story. 

And he shall save the ship of State 
From rock, from quicksand and from billow ; 

And rescue from impending fate 
Her crew, for quiet on their pillow. 

His voice with potent charm shall bring 

Order from chaos and confusion. 
And thou shalt hear the welkin ring 

With shouts of triumph in profusion. 

Say, for whose brow this laurel crown ? 

For whom this web of life is spinning ? 
Turn this thy Album upside down 

And take the end for the beginning. 

John Qcincy Adams. 
Washington, 23 July, 1842. 

At the above date Mr. Adams was seventy-five years old, and the 
handwriting is exceedingly labored, heavy and tremulous; the let- 
ters are upright, and they all seem to indicate that their maker put 

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his whole soul into the loving task. The last stanza is a playful 
allusion to the fact that Henry Clay's dedication of the album above 
referred to, was inadvertently written in the back end of the volume, 
and therefore it was "downside up !" 

The next is a specimen of " Stonewall " Jackson's writing; then 
fragments from E. S. Ewell, J. A. Earlj', W. L. Goggiu, J. S. Sed- 
dens, Dr. R. L. Dabney, John P. Kennedy, A. Tholuck, etc., and 
autographs of Stuart Eobinson, Moses D. Hoge, J. T. Morehead, 
J. J. Crittenden, N. P. Tallmadge, Geo. Evans, G. W. S. (Sar- 
gent), Thomas Clayton, O. H. Smith, Dollie P. Madison, A. W. J. 
"White, L. F. Linn, K. J. Walker, Levi Woodbury, Thomas H. Ben- 
ton, Benj. Tappan, W. S. Fulton, William R. King, J. W. Miller, 
(of New Jeisey), J. C. Bates, Rufus Choate, Wm. Woodbridge, 
Macpherson Berrien, J. C. Calhoun, Alfred Allen, Wm. D.Merrick, 
Silas Wright, Jr., James F. Simmons, James Buchanan, W. C. 
Rivis, Willis P. Maugum, Isham G. Harris, Robert McClellan, 
John C. Breckenridge, C. L. Vallandigham, Rev. E. W. Sehon, 
Francis Granger, Thos. D. Arnold, Millard Fillmore, Mrs. M. A. 
Jackson (wife of "Stonewall"), Bryan Y. Owsley, Roger L. Gam- 
ble, A. Randall, Osmyn Baker, John Yan Buren, James I. Roose- 
velt, C. S. Todd, David Bronson, Garrett Davis, John M. Botts, 
Tho. Butler King, Louisa Catherine Adams (wife of John Quincy), 
C. Gushing, Henry A. Wise, J. R. Underwood, Alex. H. H. Stuart. 
Calvary Morris, Conrad Speece, Daniel Webster, Tliomas Tudd, 
Isaac Shelby, J.. S. Black, Hamilton Fish, T. C. McCreery, and 
many others. Among them is an autograph of Ne-quay, in Chinese 
character, of a Celestial convert whom Rev. E. W. Sehon brought 
over to this country. There is also in this album an envelope di- 
rected by Stonewall Jackson to Dr. Dabney. 

Among the foregoing, Crittenden's chirography is a quick, light, 
nervous stroke of the pen, angular and indicative of olJ age; Ben- 
ton's, steady and emphatic, but irregular as to the stand and s'aad- 
ing of the letters; Wm. R. King's, neat, round, and apparently 
that of a literary man or bookkeeper; Choate's, liasty, light and 
aareless, like his speech; Calhoun's, light, gracei'ul and well in- 
clined; Wright's, the same; Buchanan's, slow, careful, distinct, 
like setting a copy for a pu])il at school, but verging to the ju-int- 
ing style; John C. Breckenridge's, a liglit, regular and rajiid stroke; 
Yallandigliam's, a plain, running hand, apparently of a lawyer; 
Fillmore's, careful but unpretending; Cushing's, heavy, ])luiii and 
unpretending; Wise's, tall, bold and well inclined, indicating great 

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determination; Daniel Webster's, irregular and nervous, but each 
stroke in itself smooth; Black's, a smooth, plain, and beautifully 
struck back-hand ; and Fish's, smooth, tall letters, well inclined. 
Pardon us for one more selection : 

Temper, thy power, more magical 

Than that ■which graced of old Amphion's lyre! 

Can savage hearts with wondrous spell the mind enthrall ; 

Can clear suspicion's mists with gladdening Are ; 

Can chain in rosy honds impetuous ire ; 

Can melt the ice-bound heart of cold disdain. ; 

Can dying love with vital breath inspire ; 

From every passion pluck the cancerous pain, 

And, seeming still to yield, lead captive all the train. 

D. P. Madison. 

Wailiington, July 37, 1842. 

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There has been nothing very marked in the history of the medi 
cal profession in Daviess County that would be of popular interest. 
Like the South generally, there have been very few " irregu- 
lars " in this section, in striking contrast with every Northern city, 
which has from one to two thirds of its doctors of the " irregular " 
sects, as homeopathists, eclectics, hydropathists, spiritualists, 
physio-medicals, magnetic healei's, movement curers, etc., each 
sect being " far more successful than all the rest " in the cure of 

Three medical associations have comprised physicians within 
the bounds of Daviess County, namely, the Owensboro, the Mc- 
Dowell and the Green River, but the two latter were 'united in 
May, 1875. At the meeting of these societies many thoroughly 
scientific papers have been presented on the practical points of 
medicine, which have served to constitute a sort of post-«ollegiate 
lecture course for the members, keeping them up with the times. 


was organized about 1867, and has been kept alive to the present 
time, with much profit and entire satisfaction to the members. It 
started out with constitution and by-laws, and to the present time 
it continues to elect president and secretary. Place of meeting, 
at various offices. 


was organized Tuesday, Feb. 20, 1872, in Owensboro. by the elec- 
tion of W. PI. Ilillsman, President; W. A. Hickman, First Vice- 
President; J. Q. A. Stewarr, Recording Secretary; A. C. "Wood, 
Corresponding Secretary, and Jolm F. Kimbley, Treasurer. The 
object of the association was declared to be the raising of the 
dignity of the profession, tlio cultivation of amity, and the pro- 
lessional advancement of all those who may desire to attach them- 
selves to the organization. The Tisual committees were appointed 
and the next meeting ai^pointed to be !>eld in May following. Ac- 


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cordmglj, on the 7th of this month, a profitable meeting was 
held in Owensboro, with increased membership, Dr. Hillsman 
presiding. The next meeting, Nov. 7, was held in Livermore, 
Dr. Luckett presiding, and was largely attended. Dr. G. B. 
Tyler read a valuable paper on Epidemics, and Dr. K. B. Gilbert 
one on Pulmonary Phthisic. 

Thus the society continued its meetings from time to time, until 
May, 1875, when it was merged into 


while Dr. A. C. Wood, of Owensboro, was President of the 
former. Since that time it has continued to hold semi-annual 
meetings, spring and fall. The society comprises most of the 
physicians within ten or eleven counties in this part of Kentucky; 
namely, the present Con.^ressional district and Ohio and Muhlen- 
burg counties. 

May 28, 1879, this society met in Owensboro, Dr. C. H. Todd 
in the cliair, with Dr. S. S. Watkins, alternate President. Besides 
the discussion of many exciting medical topics, a resolution was 
adopted recommending the use of the decimal system of weights 
and measures. Dr. Harper, of Evansville, exhibited an ophthal- 
moscope. A resolution was passed relieving the president of the 
duty of delivering an annual address, and authorizing him to ap- 
point some member from the audience to offer an oration upon 
some popular subject. 

Oct. 27, 18S0, the society convened in Owensboro again, in the 
city hall. Considering the adverse circumstances, quite a large 
delegation was present. Dr. B. 11. Ilobbs treated of infectious dis- 
eases. Pliysicians from other counties read papers, and many 
profitable discussions were held. The next meeting was appointed 
at nopki:isville. May 25, 18S1. 

Nov. 1 and 2, 1882, the association had a large and profitable 
meeting in Owensboro. On this occasion J. H. Letcher, of Hen- 
derson, was President, and Drs. Kimbley, Stirman and Luckett, 
of Owensboro, Committee of Arrangements. Instructive papers 
were presented on a score of topics, by J. Hale, B. H. llobbs, W. 
D. Stirman, E. H. Luckett, S. S. Watkins, J. F. Kimbley and 

There are now 120 members of the society. 

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held its third nnnual meeting in the Circuit Court room in Owens- 
boro, May 18, 1880, President Vincent Davis, of Louisville, in the 
chair. Several valuable essays were read. J. T. Iliggins, John 
"W. Carter, W. H. Courtney, S. H. Ford and Henry Megill, all of 
Owensboro, participated in tlie proceedings, an 1 Messrs. Ford and 
Megill were elected Yice-Presidents. Tlie next meeting was 
appointed for Louisville. 


Under this head we comprise all those who h5,ve practiced medi- 
cine in Daviess County, but are not practicing here now, whether 
deceased, moved away or retired. We arrange the names alpha- 

Up to 1820 John Roberts and Samuel TIaynes were about the 
only physicians in this county. They both resided in Owensboro. 
Dr. A. C. "Wood, in 1852, was the eleventh physician in the 
county; and of the eight physicians then in Owensboro, only two 
now remain — Drs. Stirman and Tyler. 

Aaron Ayer ])raeticed in the southern part of the county 1830-'5. 
His neighborhood is now mostly in McLean County. 

Frank F Conway, Circuit Clei-k for many years past, used to 
practice medicine while residing in Oakford. See Chapter V. 

J. W. Coin.pion-wa.s practicing in Owensboro during the war. 

Thomas (Jndcher died July IS, 1881, from heart disease. He 
was born in Hardin County, Ky., Aug. 20, 1802; practiced medi- 
cine in Mississi]>pi; followed mercantile business at Big Sjn-ings, 
Ky. ; but on coming to Owensboro ho retired from business. 

Henry Bu 1)' liny, -a German ]ihysieian, had an office in Owens. 
boroin ISdS (at least), o\-er the drug store near the Shield office. 

H. B. GUIii'rf was a jihysician in Oxi-ensboro from 18GC to 1873; 
he is now in Lnuisville. 

B. Oiljhttrick was a physician in this county in l.^OV 

J>ari<l Glenn jiracticod medicine in (airdsville rrecinct a num- 
ber of vcars, aii<l also carried on a farm, where he died, Se|)t. 24 
ks81. IK' was liiirii in that neighborhood, in 1825; was a zeah>us 
member of tlie Cniiiberlaud Presbyterian cliurcli. 

A. 0. ILiynea was an Owensboro physician eight ur ten years, 
making a specially of diseases of the eye and of the ear. lie - pent 
several' years in I'hirojie. He removed to KvansN ilK- about Dee. 
1. 18^2. His father was 

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Samuel Haynes, one of the oldest physicians in Daviess; was 
practicing here as early at least as 1830. 

W. A. Hickman came to Daviess County in lS-^5. His grand- 
father, James Hickman, was a Virginian, and a revolutionary 
soldier; was present at the siege of Yorktown, and one of the guard 
appointed by Washington to conduct Cornwallis to Kichmond. 
His father, William Hickman, was born near Winchester, Ya., in 
1791, and at the age of twenty-two moved to Shelby County, Ky. 
He married Mary M. Cadwell, of Charlotte County, Ya., and after- 
ward moved to Sangamon Comity, 111., where he died at the age of 
eighty-three, having tilled among other positions that of Represen- 
tative in the Illinois Legislature. 

The education of Dr. Hickman was obtained almost entirely in 
Shelby County. Carty Wells, afterward Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Missouri, was one of his teachers. In the fall of 1837 he 
began the study of medicine in Shelby County, and in 1840 entered 
the Louisville University, where he graduated in 1842. Returning 
to Shelby County for the purpose of establishing himself as a phy- 
sician, he found that his practice was likely to conflict with that of 
his old preceptor, Dr. George W. Nichols, to whom he was under' 
many obligations, and in consequence began practice at Bardstown. 
In 1844 he was married to Burnette Barbour, who died in 1853, 
leaving four children, two of whom are still living. In 1854 he 
married Susan L. Suit, of Maryland. 

For personal reasons Dr. Hickman left the fine practice which 
he had acquired during his residence of twenty- three years in Bards- 
town, and came to Daviess County, locating on the Livermore 
road, nine miles south of Owensboro. During his stay in the 
county he made many friends and gained a professional reputation 
of a high character. The railroad running south from Owensboro 
is one of the measures of improvement in which Dr. Hickman has 
been interested. He aided the undertaking in every way possible, 
and was President of the company. He also gave some notoriety 
to the medicinal springs in his neighborhood, to which many in- 
valids have resorted with benefit. See Chapter XI. Whig, Demo- 
crat, and Southern sympathizer is the record of his politics. 

James H., Burnette B., and Aurelia J. are his children. The 
son has chosen his father's profession, and is a graduate of the 
Medical University of Louisville. 

Dr. Hickman is now an honored resident and prosperous physi- 
cian of Springfield, 111. 

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Henry B. Bobei-ts, brother of Dr. John Roberts, was born in 
Frankfort, Ky., Dec. 12, 1806. He studied medicine with his 
father, John Roberts, and his brother-in-law. Dr. Fi-ancis Lloyd, 
of Frankfort, and canae to Owensboro in 1837 and commenced the 
practice of medicine with his brother. He continued in this con- 
nection until 1852, when his brother died. In 1842 he was mar- 
ried to Harriotte H. Daveiss, daughter of General John Daveiss. 
They had nine children, four of whom are now living in Owens- 
boro with their mother. Dr. Roberts's acquaintance in Owens- 
boro and Daviess County was very extensive daring the long 
period of his thirty years' residence liere. The long exposure and 
hardships incident to his professional career undermined his con 
stitution, and for several years before his deatli he was afflicted 
with asthma, wliich finally culminated in lung troubles. He was 
a Democrat in politics throughout all the reverses of that party. 
His admiration for the Hon. Elijah Hise almost amounted to 
adoration. He adhered to the Baptist church and died in its 
communion in June, 1868. 

Dr. Roberts was a kind father, a good husband, and a true 
friend. He was possessed of tine judgment and always took an 
active interest in public affaii-s. 

John Roberts, a brother of the preceding, was the first 
physician who settled in Owensboi-o. He was born in Virginia 
about the year 1788. His father. Dr. John Roberts, was a Prus- 
sian, and came to America during the Revolutionary war, in which 
he was a surgeon until its close. After this he married Miss 
"Weissengen, of Virginia, and soon moved to Frankfort, Ky. 

The subject of this sketch came to the "Yellow Banks" in 
1811. About the year 1813 he married Alice Mary Moseley, wlio 
died about 1839. Dr. Roberts never married a second time. In 
1817, and for several terms thereafter, he represented his district 
in the State Senate, and died in 1852. 

Dr. John Roberts practiced his profession in Owensboro and 
Daviess County nearly forty years, and in that period formed 
friendships and attachments, tlie impression of wliicli has not, 
even in this late day, been effaced. In politics he >vas an ultra 
State Riglits Democrat, and a great admirer of General Jackson. 
In the disagreement between Mr. Calhoun and the administration, 
he was in strong sympathy witli Mr. Callioun. A few montlis be- 
fore his deatli he made a profession of the Christian religion, and 
adhered to the Presbyterian ftiith. Rev. II. H. Hopkins, then 

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pastor of the Old School Presbyterian church, was his frequent 
visitor during his long illness. 

J. O. Scott came to Owensboro in the spring of 1866; was in 
partnership with Dr. Charles H. Todd until the fall of 1872, when 
he went to Florida for his health. He is now residing in Sher- 
man, Tex. He was a man of considerable energy. 

J. Q. A. Stewart practiced a number of years at Sorghotown, 
then in Owensboro four or five years, and then, about 1877 or 
1878, received the appointment of physician to the Institute for 
the Feeble Minded at Frankfort. 

Dr. Da/md Todd was born and raised in Fayette County, Ky. 
He graduated at Danville, and practiced medicine at Kodney, 
Miss., some years. In 1850 he came to Daviess County and en- 
gaged in farming for many years, in which he succeeded well, but 
lost heavily by the war. He was for many years a faithful School 
Commissioner. He died Sept. 14, 1878, in Owensboro. 

Dr. Wall was raised in this countj', and began the practice of 
his profession here in Owensboro, where he died, in the winter of 

James Weir, son of President Weir, scarcely commenced prac- 
tice here as a physician. He is now in St. Louis. 

Matthew Williams, a native also of Daviess County, was aphy. 
sician here 1840-'8. 

Ohed Wilson was in partnership awhile with Dr. Wood, and in 
1854 moved to Shelby County, Ky. He is now in Florida. 


Lewis O. Armendt, Masonville, was born in Lawrence County, 
Ky.,May 22, 1851. His parents were Henry F. and Matilda 
(Weinsheimer) Armendt, natives of Germany. His father is an 
architect. They had eight children. Lewis was the eldest of four 
sons. He was about six years old when he moved with his parents 
to Ohio County, and settled at Hartford. Lewis remained here 
on the farm and attended school until sixteen ; he then worked at 
the carpenter's trade and attended school until twenty-three, when 
he entered the Louisville Medical University, graduating in March, 
1876; he then located for a short time in Owensboro, Daviess 
County, and soon after in Masonville, where he has since been 
practicing his profession. Dr. Armendt married Miss Mary M. 
Harris, April 22, 1878. She was born in Daviess County, Ky., 
and was a daughter of Phocion and Martha (Evans) Harris, old 

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settlers of Daviess Cornty. Mr. and Mrs. Dr. Armendt are both 
members of the Baptist church, and attend the Sugar Grove 
church. They have one daughter, Mary Ailenn, born Feb. 9, 
1880. Dr. Armendt is a self-made man and it is through his own 
efforts that he became a physician, having early expressed a desire 
to become one. He owns a nice residence and one and one half 
acres of land in Masonville, where he resides. Dr. Armendt is 
one of the leading physicians of Daviess County. His political 
views are Democratic and he has always been a strong supporter 
of that party. His father and mother are both living, and reside 
on the old homestead farm near Hartford, Ohia Co., Ky. 

Thompson W. Bedford, Owensboro; ofhce on Main street, 
south side, a few doors east of the court-house. Practiced in 
Whitesville 1869-'76, since then here. 

Thomas W. Blandford, M. D., son of John E. Blandford, was 
born in Curdsville Precinct, April 5,1839. He was reared on a 
farm and educated in St. Mary's College, Marlon County. He 
commenced the study of medicine under Dr. B. B. Blincoe; was 
with Drs. Stirman & Watkina, of Owensboro, a short time; gradu- 
ated from the medical department of Louisville Dniversity March 
5, 1869. He then commenced the practice of medicine in "West 
Louisville. In 1875 he formed a partnership with Dr. V. Ors- 
burn. They have a large practice, being very popular physicians 
of this precinct. He was married in 1871 to Louisa Luckett. To 
them have been bowi four children, only three living — Thomas O., 
Mary B. tifidi M. Florella. George C. was drowned at the age of 
two years. He wandered from home thinking he was following 
his mother, and fell in a small stream of water. Dr. Blandford and 
family are members of the Catholic church. 

J. T. Byrne, Knottsville. 

Henry F. Carpenter, M. D., Postmaster at Masonville, settled 
here in April, 1856. He and Dr. Chas. T. Noel named the town. 
They obtained a postoffice here in September, 1857. The first post- 
master was Dr. H. F. Carpenter, who held the oflBce four years, 
and was reappointed in February, 1882, and is the present incum- 
bent. Dr. Carpenter was born in Oldham County, Ky., eighteen 
miles east of Louisville, near the Louisville & Frankford Kailroad, 
Feb. 27, 1830. His parents were Joel and Mary (Snyder) Carpen- 
ter; they were natives of Virginia and members tirstof the Lutheran, 
then of the Regular Baptist, and afterward joined the Christian 
church, In whicli faith they died. They had twelve children. Henry 

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F. was the foiii'ili son and eloyetitli cliild. lie remained on the old 
honie~ti.' id t:ir!;i with liis I'.-irents until fifteen- when he attended 
and t;iu>i;lit ;w,h-iol until twenty-one. lie then settled on the old 
liornosrv^rsd (unv. tor three years: tlieii went to Loni»ville, Ky., and 
osLCiiiced ii. tile ^rrocery basinc-s three years, lie read medicine 
and fitu;jided lectures until ISoG when he came to Daviess Connty, 
anil located the town ot' Masonville. Dr. Carpenter married ^Eiss 
Martha E. Taylor in Oldham County, Feb. U, 1S50. She was born 
in (J'idham County, and was adaucjliter of Josepli and Mary (Speer) 
Taylor. Dr. and Mrs. Carpenter had four children — Mary L., wife 
of James P. Lishbrook, and resides on their farm at Masonville; 
Albert W., M. D., who is unmarried and practicing medicine at 
Glnmville, JNIcLean Co., Ky.; Joseplt li., who married Alice Lish- 
brook, and resides in Murray Precinct; Ilobert L-. resides in Mason- 
ville with his fatlier. The mother died l^ox. 14, 1872. Dr. Car- 
penter then married Sarah E. Taylor Feb. 1, 1876. Slie was born 
in Sullivan County, Ind., and was a daughter of William and Susan 
Taylor. Mrs. Carpenter is a member of the Baptist church. 

They have a family of two daughters, Nina M. and Ida P. Dr. 
Carpenter owns a nice house and lot, also the only store of general 
merchandise in Masonville. In politics lie is a Democrat, and cast 
his first vote for James Buchanan for President of the United 

Z. B. CAUds, Lewis Station. 

Taylor Crlghr, WhitesviPe. 

Calvin E. Cottrell was born in Shelby County, Ky.., July 12, 
1S31. His father, Eev. Eeuben Cottrell, was born near Richmond, 
Va., and emigrated to Shelby County, where he was one of the 
early pioneer preachers. He died May 29, 1802, aged seventy- 
two years. He married Sarah Putnam, of Virginia, whose death 
preceded his by several years. There was a family of ten chil- 
dren, iive now living. Calvin E. commenced the study of medi- 
cine when nineteen years of age, with Dr. Samuel Hayues, of 
Masonville. In 1853 he commenced the practice of his profession, 
ii! Butler County, Ky. The next year he again studied with Dr. 
Haynes. In 1861 he located in Owensboro and remained till after 
the death ot his father in 1862, when he went to Hancock County. 
In 1870 he abandoned his profession on account of ill health, and 
returned to Owensboro, and was unable to engage in any business 
for several years. Since 1881 he has been engaged in the grocery 
business in Owensboro. March 6, 1857, he married Mary E., 

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daughter of George and Mary J. Jones. Tliey have had five chil- 
dren, only three now living — Oscar E., Beatrice and Ida. Albert 
and John are deceased. Dr. Cottrell is a member of the Baptist 

J. P. Cox, M. Z>., born near Bardstown, Ky., Nov. 16, 1831, is 
a son of J. B. and Lucinda (Phillips) Cox, both natives of Nelson 
County, Ky. In "Collins's History of Kentucky" is recorded the 
settlement of liis grandfather, James Cox, at tlie head waters oi 
Cox Creek, Nelson County. His mother died in November. 1879; 
his father is still living, a member of his family. Tliere was a 
family of twelve children, three dying in infancy. J. P. was the 
eldest son and was reared on a farm in Nelson County, receiving 
his early education in the common schools. In 1858 he began the 
study of medicine with his cousin, O. N. Cox, of Nelson County. 
He attended medical lectures at Louisville, Ky. In 1860 he went 
to Ohio and commenced the practice of his profession, being also 
engaged in farming a part of the time while there. In 1875 he 
came to Daviess County and located at Newville, where he has 
won for himself an enviable name in his profession, his practice 
extending into Ohio and McLean cpuntles. In March, 1863, he 
married Sallie I., daughter of Wm. C. Rowan, of Ohio County, 
Ky. They have five children — ^William B., Lou Abbie, Anna, 
James Roy and Orion Noal. In 1877, Dr. Cox united with the 
Green River Baptist Church. 

L. A. Grinnian, Grissom's Landing, where he has been for six 
or eight years. He came from Louisville. 

Ignativs Cruy Drury, M. D., Knottsville, was born in Nelson 
County, Ky., Nov.' 18, 1829. His father, Hillary Drury (deceased), 
was a native of St. Mary's County, Md., and came to Kentucky 
with his parents in 1807, and removed with his family to this 
county in 1830. Our subject was reared on the old homestead, 
about four miles southeast ot Knottsville, in this precinct, and 
educated at St. Mary's College in Marion County. He graduated 
from the Medical University at Louisville in 1862, and came to 
Knottsville the same year and formed a partnership with Dr. Will- 
iam B. Holmes, who was practicing here at that time. Dr. Holmes 
was also a graduate of the same college. He died in 1867. A few 
years later Dr. Drury formed his present partnership with Dr. 
Thos. J. Byrne. In the fall of 1871 he went to New York City 
and attended the Bellevue Medical College and the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons. While there he also visited the various 

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hospitals, thns gaining much useful information. The Doctor was 
never niarriod, but is supporting and educating two nieces and 
u ne]>liew". 

J. W. Mlis, M. Z>., was born in Daviess County, Ky., Dec. 30, 
lSi7. His parents were Luther R. and Mary (Kallam) Ellis, na- 
tives of Kentucky. They had a family of two sons — W. T. Ellis, 
a lawyer of Owensboro, and J. W. When J. W. was seven or 
eight years old his parents died and lie and his brother went to live 
with their grandfather, Ilirara Kallam, a Methodist minister. J. 
W. remained with his grandfather and attended the Pleasant Val- 
ley Seminary until seventeen, wiien he entered the Kentucky Uni- 
versity at Harrisburg, and remained two terms. He then taught 
school at Wliitesville, studying medicine with Drs. Hale and Mc- 
Kay fifteen months. He then entered the Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege at Philadelphia, graduating in March, 1870. He then located 
in Masonville, where he has since practiced his profession. Dr. 
Ellis is a member of the McDowell Medical Association, and a 
leading physician and surgeon of the county. He is purely a self- 
madejman, as it was through his own exertions that he obtained an 
education. Dr. Ellis is a Mason and is a demitted member of 
Hodges Lodge, Whitesville. He owns a fine farm of 325 acres, on 
the south side of the Hartford road, in Masonville. He decided 
to make it a stock farm, and has therefore purchased short-horn and 
Jersey cattle, and some fine horses and mules. Dr. Ellis's grand- 
father, Hiram Kallam, was a Colonel in the war of 1812, and his 
sword is still in the Masonic hall at Pleasant Vallej'. Politically, 
Dr. Ellis has always been a supporter of the Democratic party. 
He was married April 26, 1877, to Bettie Whipp, a native of Casey 
County, Ky., and a daughter of John W. and Isabella (Coffey) 
Whipp, natives of Kentucky. They have one son, Wm. T., born 
Sept. 12, 1880; a daughter, Mary, born Feb. 26, 1878, died Sept.i^ 
1878. Dr. and Mrs. Ellis are members of the Union Christian 
church, Masonville. 

H. (J. Flemming. Delaware, Curdsville Precinct. 

W. Scott GilmoTe, Sorghotown. 

Josiah Hale, M. Z>., born Jan. 25, 1829, near Fordsville, Ohio 
Co., Ky., is a son of Caleb and Sallie (Huff) Hale, both born in 
Virginia, and married in Ohio County, Ky. His father died aged 
seventy-lour, and his mother aged seventy. They had a family of 
four sons and seven daughters; four sons and five daughters now 
living. Josiah was the third son. His parents being in moderate 

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circnmBtances his early education was pursued in the schools of his 
countj (Ohio), but he was ambitions, and by close study and perse- 
vering effort succeeded in making himself a fair scholar, and at the 
age of twenty, having chosen the profession of medicine, began his 
studies at home under the instructions of Dr. N. L. Lightfoot, a 
country practitioner, where he pursued his studies diligently for 
one year. He then went to Fordsville, Ky., and entered into a 
partnership with Dr. H. Wells, and practiced his profession for 
two years; then went to Louisville and became a pupil of Dr. 
D. "W. Yandell, of that city, at the same time attending lectures 
at the Louisville University, where he graduated in 1856. He 
now entered upon the practice of medicine in Hartford, Ky. , 
continuing three years. Then went to New York, and attended a 
course of lectures at the New York University, also at the New 
York Ophthalmic Hospital. In 1860 ho returned to Hartford, and 
resumed his practice there for two years, when he removed to 
Owensboro, Ky., where he practiced for nine years ; then being deter- 
mined to stand among the first in his profession went again to New 
York and attended lectures at the Bellevue Hospital Medical Col- 
lege, and also took a course of private instruction at the Ophthalmic 
Hospital, under 'Prof. H. Knopp. He returned to Owensboro, 
where his success has fully repaid him for his long and persistent 
study. In his experience as a physician he has had a large practice 
as surgeon, performing many difficult operations. Recently he has 
devoted himself more especially to the diseases of tho eye, and 
surgical diseases of women, and has attained great distinction and 
a very large practice. In 1866 he became a member of the Ken- 
tucky State Medical Society, and in 1871 was elected Senior Vice- 
President of that body. He is a permanent member of the 
American Medical Association, a member of the McDowell Medical 
Society, of the Owensboro Medical Society, and a member of the 
Board of Medical PJxaminers for the Fifth District of Kentucky. 
He was a delegate tu the International (Centennial) Medical Con- 
gress, at Philadelphia, in 1876. He was a delegate from the Tri- 
State Medical Society (Indiana, Kentucky and Illinois) in 18S1, to 
the International Medical Congress that met in London, England; 
and during his stay in London took a course of instruction on tht- 
diseases of tho eye at the lloyal London Ophthalmic Hospital, lie 
remained in Kurope one sununfr, visiting the ieadiiiti lio.^pituls, 
niu,-:cuinH and art galleries of London, Kiigland, Parib, France, nnd 
Edinbnr^ch, Scotland, returning to < )wenKl)oro in the full of 1><S1. 


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He has written many valuable articles for the medical journals of 
this country, several of which have been republished both in this 
country and in Europe. He is a member of the Baptist church and 
a Freemason. Dr. Hale was married in 1853 to the daughter of J. 
W. Willis, of Ohio County, Ky.; she died at Hartford in 1861, 
leaving one child — Mary, wife of J. A. Dean, attorney of Ovvens- 
boro. Dr. Hale was again married in 1873 to Miss E. McHenry, 
daughter of the Hon. J. H. McHenry, an ex-raember of Congress 
and a noted lawyer of Owensboro, Ky. Dr. Hale has devoted him- 
self to his profession with an energy which has made him a success- 
ful physician and a useful man, his high sense of honor rendering 
him always regardful of the rights of others, and his urbane, kindly 
manner winning him the esteem of all. The Hale family were 
originally from England, and settled in Virginia at an early day, 
where the family is still represented, as well as in Maine, Massa- 
chusetts, Missouri, Illinois and Kentucky. In politics Dr. Hale 
was lirst a Whig, but since the war has been a Democrat. 

C. Rale, Whitesville. 

Benjamin B. Harralson, M. D., son of Colonel S. C. Harralscfn, 
who was born in Harralson's Ferry (now Delaware), April 17, 
1838. He lived on a farm till fifteen years of age, and then at- 
tended school at Calhoun. He afterward clerked in the drug store 
of H. D. Jones, and in the meantime studied medicine under Drs. 
Bullett & Berry. He was Assistant Surgeon of the Eighth Ken- 
tucky Regiment during the late war. He attended Jefferson Med- 
ical College, Philadelphia, from which he graduated with high 
honors in 1865. He then returned to Delaware, where he has built 
up a large practice. Oct. 24, 1865, he married Miss M. Odon. 
To them have been born four children, three living — Gross, Gordon 
and Murray. Dr. Harralson is a member of the Christian church. 
He belongs to the Masonic fraternity. 

S. J. Harris, from Pennsylvania County, Va., has been prac- 
ticing at Philpot's Station since 1874 or 1876. 

Edward Hawes, Grissom's Landing. After graduating he prac- 
ticed two years at Birk's City, and about five or six years he has 
been in Oakford Precinct. 

C. B. Hayden, Owensboro. Office, east side of St. Ann Street, 
second door south of Main, up stairs. 

J. P. Heavrin, M D., born in Anderson County, Ky., Nov. 24, 
1849, is a son of Dr. James M. Heavrin, a native of the same 
county. He was educated at Rochester, Ky., Cromwell, Ky., and 

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Morehead Seminary, Butler Countj', Ky. He read medieine with 
Dr. N. J. Bains, of Kosine, Ky., eighteen months. He took the 
first course of the Kentucky School of Medicine, at Louisville, in 
1878-'9, and then located in Curdsville, where he has since been 
practicing, with the exception of one term spent in school in 1882, 
when he graduated. He was married in March, 1876, to Sarah E. 
Reynolds. They have had two children, only one living — Grace. 
Dr. Heavrin is a member of the McDowell Medical Association 
of Northern Kentucky, the Alumni Association, and the Masonic 

James H. Hlchmcm, Owensboro; east side of Frederica street, 
second south of Fifth. 

D. Y. Higdon^ Knottsville. 

Burr H. Eobhs, M. D., born July 29, 1824, in Nelson County, 
Ky., is a son of Wm. A. and Nancy (May) Hobbs, both natives <rf 
Nelson County. Dr. Hobbs's grandfathers were among the first 
settlers of the State from Virginia. Dr. Hobbs was reared in N^ 
son County and began the study of medicine there; graduated from 
th*b Transylvania University of Lexington, Ky., in 1849, the oldeet 
medical college of the West. He went to Arkansas, where he be- 
gan the practice of medicine, and remained there till the breaking 
out of the war. He was a member of the Little Bock OonventioB 
that seceded the State of Arkansas from the (Jnion, in the spring 
of 1861. He afterward entered the Southern army as snrgeon and 
remained till the close of the war. After the close of the war he 
returned to Kentucky and settled in Owensboro, where he has 
since been engaged in the practice of medicine. He is a member 
of the McDowell Medical Society ; was one of the original mem- 
bers. He has also been connected with tiie Owensboro Medical 
Society since its organization, and is now President of the society. 
He has been a Mason for thirty-five years. Has been Master of the 
lodge several timss. He was married in 1853 to Rachel M. Oox, 
daughter of Gabriel Cox, of Mt. Washington, Bnllitt Oouaty, Ky. 
They have three children — Arthur G. Hobbs, M. D.. Profeeeor of 
the Medical College of Atlanta, Ga.; Nannie, wife of P. F. Smith, 
of Newnan, Ga., and Fannie, residing at home. 

Wm. E. Holm^, M. D., was born Aug. 31, 1856, son of J. M. 
and Elizabeth Holmes; was educated in Daviess County and at 
South Carrolton, Muhlenberg County; began reading medicine in 
1876 witli Dr. J. W. Ellis, of Masonville. He attended medical 
lectures at Jefferson College at Philadelphia, Penn,, andgradnated 

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from tliis iiistitntion in 1879. He began practice immediately 
afterward in Murray Precinct, and has been remarkably successful 
in his practice. 

I. E. Johnson, Curdsville. 

Philip T. Johnson, M, D. was born in Owensboro, Aug. 1, 1851 
He attended the common schools of his native city until seventeen 
years of age, then went to tiie Hampden-Sidney College, Prince 
Edward County, Va., where he graduated in 1870, at the early age 
of nineteen. He tlien returned to Owensbor'o and read medicine 
with Drs. Todd and Scott two years; then entered the Hospital 
College of Medicine, at Louisville, Ky., where he graduated in 
1875. He immediately commenced the practice of his profession 
in Owensboro, and Dee. 27, of the same year, was married to Miss 
Alice V. Hathaway, a native of Owensboro, and daughter of E. A. 
and Sallie Shelby (Todd) Hathaway. The latter was a great-grand- 
daughter of Governor Isaac Shelby, first Governor of Kentucky; 
also a granddaughter of the renowned Colonel Charles S. Todd, a 
sketch of whom is given in the chapter on the officials of the 
county. Dr. Johnson's father was the Hon. James L. Johnson, an 
account of whom is given in the same chapter. 

After his marriage the Doctor settled on the old homestead in 
Owensboro, where he has since resided. He is a member of the 
Kentucky State Medical Society, and of the McDowell Medical 
Society. He has a most magnificent library in all respects, besides 
a number of valuable relics and articles of virtu. His remarkable 
autographic album is described in the literary chapter. 

Mrs. Johnson is a member of the Fourth Presbyterian Church. 
They have two children — James L., born Dec. 22, 1876, and Harriet 
T., born March 9, 1878. 

a. C. Ke^iner,^\xV% City. 

John F. Kimbley, M. D., is a native of Muhlenberg County. 
His grandfather on his father's side was born in Holland; emigrated 
to the United States previous to the Revolutionary war; served in 
that struggle and came at an early date to Kentucky. He settled 
on Corn Island below Louisville, and assisted in raising the first 
corn ever produced in Kentucky. One of his children was Frank 
£. Kimbley, who moved from Louisville to Muhlenberg County in 
1792. He married Elizabeth Valandinghara, a descendant of a 
Virginia family, by whom he had six children. The youngest was 
John F. Kimbley, born Sept. 24, 1823. At the age of twenty-one, 
in Muhlenberg County, he began tiie study of medicine, snbse- 

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qaently attending a course of lectures in St. Louis, and in 184:9 
graduated from the Jefferson Medical College, of Philadelphia. 
He had located in Daviess County in 1847, and after his gradua- 
tion returned to the same locality, practicing medicine until the 
late war. The Doctor took strong grounds for the Union. 
He volunteered his services, and in 1861 was appointed surgeon of 
the Eleventh Kentucky Infantry, serving three years and four 
months. He held, at various times, staff, brigade, division and 
corps positions in the armies of the Cumberland, Ohio and Ten- 
nessee, and was one of the chief surgical opera^'ors on every battle- 
field of his command, receiving always the commendation of his 
superiors. He served as Medical Director of the cavalry corps of 
Brigadier-Gemeral Sturgee. General order No. 23, relieving Sur- 
geon Kimbley from the duty of Medical Director, was as follows: 

Headquaetebs Cavaley Coeps, ) 
Paeis, Ky., April 9, 1864. ) 
The Eleventh Regiment Kentucky Volunteer Infantry having 
been permanently detached from this command, and J. F. Kimbley 
being surgeon of that regiment, he is hereby relieved from duty as 
MedicalDirectorof the cavalry corps and will report to his regiment 
commander for duty. The General commanding can not, however, 
thus summarily break his official connection with Surgeon J. F. 
Kimbley without expressing his deep regret for the necessity which 
compels him to lose from his staff so estimable a gentleman, and 
one wlio has administered the medical department with so much 
energy, zeal and. ability. 

By order of 

Brigadiee-Geneeai, Stueges. 

On his return to Daviess County, Dr. Kimbley resumed the 
practice of medicine. He has been married three times and has 
two children. The Doctor was a slave-holder at the breaking out 
of the war, and lost heavily by the emancipation of the slaves. 
He earnestly supported every measure for crushing out the rebellion, 
and adopted Republican principles during the struggle. His 
political opinions still place him in the Republican ranks, a position 
he has chosen, not so much from partisan feeling as that he considers 
in thus acting he is best discharging his duty to his country as a 

James S. and Wm. B. Knox, Whitesville. 

Thomaa K Lamping, M. D., born Sept. 22, 1S50, in Grays- 
ville, Monroe Co., 0.,isasonof Frederick A. and Cassandra (French) 

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Lamping, of Washington County, Ohio, the former a native of 
Germany, and the latter a descendant of the old Quakers of Ohio. 
Thomas E. received his literary education principally at Bethany, 
W. Va. He commenced his medical studies with Dr. George 
Baird, of Wheeling, W. Ya., in 1870. In the spring of 1871 he 
attended a series of lectures at Long Island Hospital, Brooklyn, 
and in the fall of 1872 went to Cincinnati and attended lectures at 
the Cincinnati College of Medicine and Surgery, and graduated 
from there in February, 1873. The following March he came to 
Oweneboro. In the spring of 1882 he was elected City Physician. 
June 15, 1882, he formed a partnership with J. A. Sieber. He is 
a member of the Owensboro and McDowell medical societies. He 
was married April 15, 1874, in Henderson, Ky., to -Lucy Brush, 
daughter of the late Eev. Geo. W. Brush, one of the oldest preach- 
ers in Kentucky, and a member of the Louisville Conference. 
They have one son — Frederick A. 

C. J. Lockhart^ M. D., was born in Daviess County, Ky., Sept. 
6, 1851. He was reared and received his early education in this 
county. He commenced the study of medicine with his father and 
attended the Louisville Medical College from 1874-'76. He com- 
menced the practice of his profession in March, 1876, and i& now 
located eight miles east of Owensboro. He has built up a good 
practice and is a promising young physician of Daviess County. 
He was married in 1881, to Miss Hannah Craig, a native of Daviess 
County, born March, 1862. They have one child — Robert C, 
born Oct. 2, 1882. 

Simon M. Lockhart M. Z>., was born in Daviess County, Ky., 
Aug. 26, 1854. His early education was received in the schools 
of Owensboro. He studied medicine with his father and brother, 
and attended the Louisville Medical University two terms. He 
commenced the practice of medicine in March, 1878, and is now 
located at the forks of the Hardinsburg and Yelvington roads, 
four miles east of Owensboro. He is a member of the McDowell 
Medical Association. His parents. Dr. William and Mary (Sub- 
lett) Lockhart, are ratives of Indiana and Logan County, Ky., 
respectively, his father born in 1816, and his mother in 1821. They 
have three children — Laura C, Charles J. and Simon M. His 
father came to Kentucky when eight years of age, and was educa- 
ted in this State. He has practiced medicine in Daviess County 
over forty years. 

Edward M. LucJcett, Owensboro; residence, north side of Fourth, 

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second west of Clay street. Dr. Luckett is a well-known, promi- 
nent physician ; once President of the Green Kiver Medical As- 
sociation, and has often had other responsible positions. 

Dr. McMurtry, is in Vanover Precinct, near the narrows bridge. 

Henry (& Watson Megill, Owensboro, druggists. 

Hardin K. Oisburn, M. I)., son of James S. Orsburn, was 
born in Webster (then'Henderson) County, Ky., Oct. 18, 1857. 
He was reared on a farm, and educated in the Morganiield Col- 
legiate Institute, of Union County, Ky. Ke commenced the study 
of medicine when twenty years of age, and graduated from the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, Baltimore, Md., in March, 
1880. He then came to West Louisville, and commenced the 
practice of his profession in partnership with Drs. Orsburn & 
Blandford. He is a member of the McDowell Society of Second 
Kentucky Congressional District. 

Y. Orsburn, M. D., son of James S. Orsburn, was born in 
Webster (then Henderson) County, Ky., March 20, 1846. His 
father was also a native of Henderson .County, born Aug. 17, 
1819. He was educated in Princeton College, Ky., and in the 
medical department of the Louisville [University, from which he 
graduated in 1874. He commenced the study of medicine prior 
to his entering the college, having practiced since 1869. In 1875 
he formed a partnership with T. W. Blandford. They have a large 
practice in West Louisville and vicinity. Dr. Orsburn was mar- 
ried Oct. 24, 1869, to Mrs. Mary J. Lewis, of McLean County, 
daughter of J. J. Rust. 

Mason G. Pate, Whitesville. 

Dr. Rinehart, Lewis Station. 

M. H Rose, physician and Postmaster, Sorghotown. 

J. D. Russdl, Yelvington. Has been there about live years. 

John A. Sieher, M. D., born in Evansville, Ind., Sept. 4, 1853, 
is a son of John and Catherine (Krapt) Sieber, natives of Bavaria, 
Germany. He was educated in the public schools, and Trinity 
Catholic School of Evansville, graduating from the latter in 1867. 
He was then clerk and bookkeeper in a large pork establishment. 
Oct. 15, 1874, he commenced the study of medicine with J. W. 
Irwin, M. D. He took his first course of lectures at the Evans- 
ville Medical College in the fall of 1876, and graduated in the 
spring of 1879. While in college he acted as prescription clerk in 
the city free dispensary thirty months; also acted as prosector for 
Edwin Walker, Professor of Anatomy. He commenced the prac- 

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tice of his profession in Evansville in 1878-9. In the spring of 
1880 he went to Dubois County, Ind., on account of his health; 
remained there two years. In June, 1882, he came to Owensboro, 
and formed a partnership with Thomas E. Lamping. He is a 
member of the DuBois County, Ind., the Owensboro and McDow- 
ell medical societies. He was married July 15, 1880, to Susie, 
daughter of John Herman, of Evansville, Ind. They have one 
son — Arthur John Henry. 

Dr. William J. Springfield., Vanover Precinct, was born in Web- 
ster (then Hopkins) County, Jan. 22, 1843, and is a son of John 
Springfield, a native of Virginia, wlio came to Kentucky in 1839. 
The Doctor was brought up on a farm, and educated in the com- 
mon schools. He graduated from the Cincinnati Medical College 
in June, 1874, and located for the practice of medicine in West 
Louisville, the same year. In 1876 he removed to his farm in 
this precinct, where he still lives, and has built up a large practice. 
He also carries' on farming and stock-raising. He was married in 
1875, to Mrs. Rafferty, daughter of the late Lewis I. Burns, of 
his county. They had two children, one living — Aurelia. Mrs. 
Springfield died June 20, 1880, and March 10, 188 1, the Doctor 
married Miss Belle Aull, daughter of Eobert P. Anil, deceased. 
They have one child — Ansel. The Doctor owns 106J acres in his 
farm, and an undivided one third of seventy-two acres in another 

Charles Tyler Thomas, M. 2?., born in Owensboro, Oct. 19, 
1861; attended the Hospital College of Medicine at Louisville 
in 1875-'6, and graduated from Evansville Medical College in Feb- 
ruary, 1878. He began the practice of medicine in the spring 
of 1878, in Murray Precinct. 

Dr. Charles M. Todd, the subject of this sketch, is the young- 
est child of Colonel Charles S. Todd, who was chief of staff for 
General Harrison in the war of 1812, minister to South America 
under Mr. Adams in 1826, and minister to Russia under General 
Harrison in 1840. He is a grandson of Judge Thomas Todd, of 
the Supreme Court of the United States, and the youngest grand- 
child of Governor Isaac Shelby. 

Dr. Todd was born in Shelby County, Nov. 6, 1838, and edu- 
cated at Frankfort under the distinguished tutor, B. B. Sayre, with 
whom lie remained five years. 

In 1858 he removed to New Orleans, where he was a resident 
student for more than twelve months in the Cliarity Hospital, and 

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HisTOBT OP DAVIESS comiTr. 241 

:gradaated at the University of Louisiana in 1861. He was 
selected by the faculty of Louisiana from a graduating class of 
127, for the position of assistant physician of the insane asylum at 
Bayou Sara, La. He was examined for and received his degree 
two months before the end of the term, and immediately assumed 
the position to which he had been elected, and which he filled for 
■eight months. 

At the breaking out of the war he resigned his position in the 
asylum, and went to Virginia as assistant surgeon of the Sixth 
Louisiana Eegiment. In 1862 lie was promoted to the position of 
regimental surgeon of that regiment, Hay's brigade, Stonewall 
Jackson's division of General Lee's army, in which active field 
service he remained until the final surrender of his command at 
Appomattox Court-House. 

On the 15th of February, 1865, Dr. Todd was married to Rosa, 
the youngest daughter of Mr. Wm. M. Burwell, of Liberty, Bed- 
ford Co., Va. 

At the close of the war, in common with the majority of the de- 
fenders of the lost cause, Dr. Todd found himself without means, 
and with gloomy prospects for the future^ and, as his father and 
another were then residing in Owensboro, he determined to visit 
that place before selecting a location. 

Owing to scarcity of money, he made the trip from Lynchburg? 
Va., to Owensboro, Ky., — a distance of six hundred miles, — on 
horseback. The season was early spring, and the roads and weather 
in the worst condition, and the unsettled state of the country 
through which he passed added danger to the discomfort of the 
journey; but after a tedious ride of twenty-two days he found him- 
self at Owensboro, unharmed except bj' fatigue. 

Dr. Todd located in Owensboro, September, 1865, and entered at 
once upon the duties of his profession, and his practice as a physi- 
cian has been large and lucrative, and he enjoys the confidence of 
the community, which has been evidenced by the positions of 
great honor and responsibility to which he has been called by the 

Trustee of the Owensboro City Schools for years, Vice-Presi- 
dent for two years, and President for seven years of the Daviess 
County Agricultural Fair Company, which position he filled with 
honor to himself and satisfaction to his constituents, and with 
great advantage to' the institutions which he served. 

While an active worker in matters of general interest Dr. Todd 

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kr))t pact! witli the protjress of his chosen profession, and was 
o'io(:tL'Li '') l.^Ti; Vice-President of tlie Keutaekv State Medical So- 
ciety at llo]ikiii^-ville, and in 1878 was elected President of the 
s. ic.'ety at Frankfort. 

D.-, Todd succeeded as President Dr. L. P. Yandell,of Louisville, 
one oi the oldest, most learned and accomplished physicians and 
siii-geons in the Western country. Tiiis distinction, in view of the 
comparative youth of Br. Todd, was very great, but, in view of liis 
exper'ence and acquirements, not more than he merited. Dr. 
Todd was the only man who ever held both positions in the Ken- 
tucky State Medical Society, and was the first young man ever 
elected president, and his election had one other peculiar feature: 
The rule was to elect the oldest practitioner which the society 
would chance to meet, and Dr. Todd's election was the first de- 
parture from that established rule. 

A singular line of coincidences seems to mark this important 
period of his 1 if e. He was elected at Frankfort, where he was edu- 
cated, and to which place he had never befo're returned, and pre- 
sided at Danville, where his father and mother were born, and on 
the occasion of the erection by the Kentucky State Medical Society 
of a monument to his uncle, Dr. Ephraim McDowell, the great 
and world-renowned ovariotomist. 

Samuel S. Watkins, M. D., one of the first members of the 
medical profession of Daviess County, has been a resident of Owens. 
boro since 1855. His ancestors were in Virginia, early in the 
history of that colony. Three brothers emigrated from England, 
one settling in Maryland, another in Yirginia, and a third in North 
Carolina. From the Virginia branch is Dr. "Watkins descended. The 
home of the family in Virginia was Albemarle County. Dr. Wat. 
kins i-s the son of Absalom Watkins. His mother's maiden name 
was Maria McClanahan. His father emigrated from Virginia to 
Kentucky about 1816, when twenty years of age. He settled first 
in Bourbon County, and about 1818 was married, and soon after 
removed to Breckenridge County. Absalom Watkins was here a 
man of prominence and influence, twice a Eepresentative in the 
Legislature from the county of Breckenridge, and once in the Sen- 
ate of Kentucky. He died in Owensboro in 1866. Samuel S. 
Watkins, the third in a family of seven children, was born in 
Breckenridge County, Ky., the fourth of December, 1824. A.tthe 
age of ten his father sent him to a seminary at Hardinsbarg. Re- 
maining here three years, he attended Mount Merino, a Catholic 

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school in Breckenridge County. At eighteen he hegan the study 
of medicine at Hardinsburg, with Drs. Hardin and Thomas. He 
attended lectures in the Louisville University in the winter of 
1844-'45, and began practice in Hardinsburg in 1845. In 1846 
he was married to Miss Elizabeth Thomas, daughter of Dr. J. 
H. Thomas, with whom he was there engaged in the practice of 
medicine. Dr. Watkins moved to Texas in 1848, where Mrs. 
Watkins died, in 1852, and in 1854 he returned to Kentucky, spend- 
ing the following year in the University at Louisville. In May, 1855, 
the Doctor returned to Owensboro, having been married the April 
preceding, to Susan M. Thomas, of Breckenrige County, a sister 
of his former wife. He at once gained a good practice, and main- 
tains a leading rank in his profession at the present time. His 
reputation as a skillful practitioner is merited by the marked suc- 
cess that has attended his efforts. Seven of his nine children are 
living. In politics Dr. Watkins was formerly a "Whig and is now 
a Democrat, though he mingles but little in political affairs, except 
to discharge his duties at the polls when he deems it necessary as 
a citizen. He is a Methodist in his religious convictions. As a 
citizen and physician Dr. "Watkins enjoys the esteem and confidence 
of the people of Daviess County in a high degree. 

NathoM H. Wilkinson, M. D. , was born Aug. 29, 1864, in Marion 
County, Ky., and is a son of George H. and Elizabeth (Gertin) 
"Wilkinson; his father a native of Virginia and his mother of 
Marion County, Ky. His mother died in 1863; his father resides 
on a farm near Owensboro. Nathan H. is the eldest of three sons, 
his brothers being James'AV^allace and George B. He came to 
Owensboro when fourteen years of age, and from that time has 
worked to acquire the knowledge of medicine. He went to school 
durinc the winter and worked with his father at the carpenter's 
trade during the summer, until he was competent to teach. After 
teaching several terras he was employed in a dry-goods store as 
clerk, and remained there two years. During this time, June 1, 
1875, he was married to Anna B., daughter of Timothy Burgess, 
and a native of Concordia, Ky. Having earned a sufficient amount 
from his labors, and having paid considerable attention to the study 
in private, he entered the office of Dr. Stewart, a former prac- 
titioner of Owensboro, and remained with him a year. After Dr. 
Stewart's removal to Frankfort he studied with Dr. Lamping a 
year. He then attended the Medical University at Louisville five 
months, and finally graduated from the Cincinnati College of 

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Physicians and Surgeons in 1881, and shortly after began the prac- 
tice of his profession in Oweusboro. From 1877-'81 he traded 
largely in stock, shipping to all markets, which resulted very profit- 
ably. He owns city property in Owensboro to the amount of 
$10,000, and two farms in Kentucky and one in Missouri. Dr. and 
Mrs. Wilkinson have two children — Alexander Huston, born March 
18, 1880, and Willa Belle, born Sept. 19, 1882. 

A. C. Wood, M. D., is one of the most prominent members of 
the medical profession of Owensboro. The Doctor came here in 
1852, a young man, and engaged at once in the practice of medi- 
cine. His nffable manner and thorough medical education was 
soon recognized in the community, and he soon took rank among 
the leading practitioners of Daviess County. He was at one time 
President of the Green River Medical Society, filling the oflice 
with ability. In April, 1853, Dr. "Wood was married to Miss 
Mary F. White, daughter of E. T. White, Esq. Mrs. Wood is a 
native of Virginia and came with her parents to Owensboro when 
about four years of age. The Doctor and wife are the parents of 
but one child, Edward W., who was born at Owensboro in August, 
1864. Edward was educated at the Michigan State University, Ann 
Arbor, graduating in 1873. He is now one of the rising young busi- 
ness men of this city and a member of the firm of Turpin &, Wood. 
This firm conducts one of the heaviest tobacco trades in Owensboro. 
During the late war Doctor Wood was an uncompromising Union 
man, and in opposition to public sentiment expressed his views 
plainly and avowed his faith in the ultimate triumph of the Union 
arms. After the war, when in 1866 the question of a separation 
of the Presbyterian church between the North and South came 
up. Doctor Wood was the only oflScer in his church who voted to 
send delegates to the General Assembly. The Doctor and Mrs. 
Wood have long been active and consistent members of the Pres- 
byterian church in Owensboro. 

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The extreme length of the county from east to west is about 
thirty -five miles; average length, twenty -six milds; average width 
north to south, sixteen miles; containing about 422 square miles, 
or 280,000 acres. The county seat is on the northern border and 
on the Ohio Kiver, equi-distant between the upper and lower cor- 
ners of the county, and although on the northern border, is wittiin 
four or five miles of the geographical center of the county, owing 
to a great Southern bend in the Ohio River. 

Almost every variety of soil is embraced in the county, from 
third to first rate, the greater portion being or approaching the first 
quality of farming land. One half the area is river bottom and 
level land. Many thousand acres of rich, black land lie so 
level as to badly need ditching, much of the best lands in the county 
in various localities being of this character. The greater portion 
of the broken or hilly land lies along the eastern border of the 
county. Much of the broken land is rich, and but a small portion 
too steep for cultivation. The Buzzard Koost Hills, west of O wens- 
boro, covering som^e 5,000 acres, is all farming land of the first or- 
der, a small portion only being too steep for the plow. Some of 
the best farms in the county are on and among these hills. A 
strata of coal over five feet thick underlies this portion of the 
county. The timber consists of yellow poplar, black walnut, honey 
locust, black locust, mulberry, red and white oak, black ash, sugar 
tree, birch, etc., etc. 

Another broken or hilly portion of the county is embraced in 
Yanoverand Cnrdsville precinct^, some twelve to eighteen miles 
southwest of Owensboro. But a small portion of this land can be 
classed as poor, and all is covered with excellent timber — poplar, 
white, red and black oak, hickory, dogwood, etc., and some of the 
hills in this section with sugar-tree and beech. The poorer the 
hills the better the white oak. Coal of good quality and in work- 
able veins, or strata, is found under all the hilly portions of the 


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county. The class of soil denominated third rate is found along 
some of our creek bottoms, being too low, and frequently covered 
by the overflowing of the creeks and back water from Green River. 
Much of this low land, however, is covered with the forest oak, 
hickory and gum timber. 


Tlie Ohio River for thirty miles is the northern boundary. Green 
River touches the county for about twenty miles on the west, and 
Blackford Creek about twelve miles on the east. The other prin- 
cipal streams are North and South Panther creeks. North Panther 
has its rise in Hancock County; South Panther, the larger of the 
two, in Breckenridge County. They unite about six miles south 
of Owensboro, making Main Panther Creek, which winds and 
crooks nearly through the middle of the westefn half of the county, 
and unites with Green River at the town of Curdsville, about four- 
teen miles southwest ot Owensboro. The other creeks are Pup 
Creek, rising in the east end of the county, and flowing north- 
west into the Ohio River. Yellow Creek is a stream of limited 
strength which flows north to the Ohio River, two miles below 
Pup Creek. South Rhodes Creek rises in McLean County, flo\te 
north into Panther Creek, entering it six miles due south of Owens- 
boro. Knob Lick flows north into Panther Creek, two miles abofire 
the mouth of Panther. Delaware rises in McLean County, flows 
northwest, and enters Green River half a mile below the village ol 
Delaware. North Rhodes Creek has its head in the Roost Kills, 
flows west into Green River, which it enters ten miles west of 


The soil of Daviess County is a strong clay and rich loam, pecul- 
iarly adapted to the raising of tobacco, and is, next to Christian 
the most extensive tobacco-growing county in the State. 

A specimen of one of the best soils in the county was taken in 
1856 from the slope of a ridge on Henry Dugan's land in the forks 
of Panther, which had never been cultivated, near the coal-measure 
limestone, and analyzed under the supervision of David Dale 
Owen, the State Geologist. The primitive forest growth at the 
place was hard maple (sugar-tree), yellow poplar, black oak, hick- 
ory, yellow sweet gum, black gum, elm, beech and black walnut- 

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The dried soil was of a mouse color. Washed with water, it left 
82.3 per cent, of sand, etc., of which all but 1.6 per cent, was fine 
enough to pass through the finest bolting-cloth. This portion con- 
sisted principally of rounded ferruginous particles, with a few 
grains of hyaline quartz, and of a black substance like scoria. 

One thousand grains of the air-dried soil, digested for a month 
in water containing carbonic acid, gave up to it nearly four and a 
half grains of brownish-gray extract, dried at 213° F., which had 
the following composition, viz: 


Organic and volatile matter 1.340 

Alumina, oxide of iron and phosphate 218 

•Carbonate of lime 1.660 

Magnesia 266 

Brown oxide of manganese 497 

•Sulphuric acid 188 

Potash 142 

Soda 023 

Silica 099 

The'air-dried soil lost 4.20 per cent, of moisture at 400°, F., dried 
at which temperature it had the following composition: 


Organic and volatile matters 6.972 

Alumina 1.360 

Oxide of iron 1.660 

Carbonate of lime 536 

Magnesia 358 

Brown oxide of manganese 218 

Phosphoric acid 122 

Sulphuric acid 103 

Potash 193 

Soda 029 

Sand and insoluble silicates and loss 89.394 

A specimen from the same farm, but which had been in cultiva- 
tion four years, in tobacco, wheat, etc., yielded, on analysis, the 
following results: Color of the dried soil a little lighter than that 
of the preceding, and of a slight yellowish tint. Washed with 
water it left 80.2 per cent, of sand, etc., of which all but 1.4 per 
cent, was fine enough to pass through?ithe finest bolting-cloth; this 
portion was principally small, rounded, ferruginous particles witij 
a few quartzose. 

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One thonsand grains of the air-dried soil, digested for a month 
in water containing carbonic acid, gave up more than three and a 
half grains of light brownish-gray extract which had the following 


Organic and volatile matters 800 

Alumina, oxide of iron and phosphates 168 

Carbonate of lime 1-793 

Magnesia 233 

Brown oiide of manganese 367 

Sulphuric acid 090 

Potash 083 

Soda 042 

Silica 139 


The air-dried soil [lost [2.88 per cent, of moisture at 400° F., 
dried at which temperature it has the following composition: 


Organic and volatile matters 6.301 

Alumina 1 .776 

Oxide of iron , 2.380 

Carbonate of lime 416 

Magnesia 341 

Brown oxide of manganese 086 

Phosphoric acid 151 

Sulphuric acid 096 

Potash 158 

Soda 027 

Sand and insoluble silicates 89.236 

100.9 1» 

Sub-soil from the same field gave the following characters: Color 
of the dried sub-soil dirty gray-bufi; much lighter than that of the 
preceding soil. "Washed with water this sub-soil left 75. 9 per cent. 
of sand, etc., of which all but 0.9 per cent, was fine enough to pass 
through the finest bolting-cloth. This portion consisted of rounded 
ferruginous and quartzose particles, 'with a few of a dark-colored 
substance like scoria. 

One thousand grains of the air-dried sub-soil, digested for a 
month in water charged with carbonic acid, gave up more than a 
grain and a half of brownish-gray extract, which ;had the follow- 
ing composition, viz. : 

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Organic and volatile matters 0.340 

Alumina, oxide of iron and phosphates 068 

Carbonate of lime 496 

Magnesia 106 

Brown oxide of manganese 259 

Sulphuric acid , 113 

Potash 078 

Soda 001 

Silica 149 


The air-dried sub-soil lost 2.40 per cent, of moisture at 400 ^ F., 
and thus dried had the following composition: 


Organic and volatile matters 2.868 

Alumina 1.756 

Oxide of iron 2.520 

Carbonate of lime 038 

Magnesia 156 

Brown oxide of manganese 174 

Phosphoric acid 177 

Sulphuric acid 068 

Potash 097 

Soda 015 

Sand and Insoluble silicates. 92.276 


The soil of the field which has been in cnltivation only four 
years in tobacco and wheat shows a sensible diminution of organic 
matters, lime, magnesia, sulphuric and phosphoric acids, and the 
alkalies; is of a slightly lighter color than the virgin soil, gives less 
soluble extract to the water containing carbonic acid (representing 
atmospheric water), and holds less of hydrometric moisture; 
moreover, it contains a somewhat larger proportion of sand and in- 
soluble silicates. The sub-soil of the old field is not as rich as the 
original surface soil. 

In the chemical report accompanying the State Geological Report 
of 1877, the following 'analyses of soils from this county are 

Virgin soil from a hill-top on the farm of H. Riley, on the O. 
& N. Railroad, about fifteen miles from Owensboro, was of a light 
gray-brown color, contained no gravel, and the bolting-cloth sieve 
separated from its silicious residue a considerable quantity of fine, 
rounded quartz grains, both translucent and opaque. About 86^ 

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per cent, of it was sand and insoluble silicates, 6 per cent oxides of 
alumina, iron and manganese, and 5i organic and volatile matters. 

Surface soil from an old field sixty-five years in cultivation, in 
corn and tobacco principally, now overgrown with sassafras, in the 
same locality as the preceding, was of a lighter and .more yellow- 
ish light gray-brown color, containing no gravel, and the silicions 
residue contained very few small quartz grains. The sand and 
insoluble silicates constituted 88g per cent, of it, the oxides of 
alumina, iron^and manganese 7 per cent., and the organic and 
volatile matters 3 per cent. The sub-soil to the last was of a 
brownish-yellow ocher color, contained no gravel and a very few 
fine quartz grains. Of sand and insoluble silicates there was 85? 
per cent. ; of the oxides of alumina, iron and manganese, lOf, 
and of organic and volatile, 2f . 

Upland virgin soil from the farm of Rev. A.. Hopkins, Crow's 
Station, from the coal measures, was of a brownish umber- 
gray color, and contained neither gravel nor fine quartz grains. 
Eighty-six and a half per cent, of it was sand and insoluble 
silicates, 5} organic and volatile matters, and 5-J- oxides of alumina, 
iron and manganese. 

The soil from an old field in the same vicinity, forty years in 
cultivation, where the substratum is sandstone, was of a dirty buif 
color, had no gravel or fine silicious sand, had 91 per cent, of other 
sand and insoluble silicates, 5^ per cent, of the alumina, iron and 
manganese oxides, and a little over 2|- per cent, of organic and 
volatile matters. The sub-soil was of a brownish orange-buff 
color, had no gravel or fine quartzose sand, had 81^ per cent, of other 
sand and insoluble silicates, 13 per cent, of the alumina, iron and 
manganese oxides, and a little over three per cent, of organic and 
volatile matters. 

The comparative analyses of these soils show the usual influence 
■of continued exhaustive culture in the diminution of some of their 
essential mineral ingredients. The soils are of full average natural 
fertility; the sub-soils would doubtless benefit the surface if grad- 
ually brought up in the cultivation, and organic matters supplied 
by the ameliorating influence of clover and other green crops wholly 
or partly plowed in. A considerable reserve of the alkalies is seen to 
be present in the insoluble silicates, which will add greatly to the 
durability of the soil; but, doubtless, the application of available 
phosphates, and the use of wood ashes, would be beneficial in 
increasing the productiveness of the old field soils. 

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A specimen from a point on the Henderson road one and a half 
miles from Green River, belonging to the qnarternary formation 
overlying the coal measures, and where the native trees were white 
oak, poplar, hickory, etc., and the ground devoted to tobacco, 
yielded the following results: Color of the dried soil, brownish 
gray; seventy-four per cent, fine sand, of a dirty buff color, of 
which twenty-four per cent, was as coarse as bar sand, composed of 
rounded quartz grains, clear yellow and reddish. One thousand 
grains of the air-dried soil gave up, when digested in carbonated 
water for a month, about three and a half grains of brown solid 
extract, dried at 212°, which consisted mostly of organic and vola- 
tile matters, with traces of alumina, iron, the usual phosphates, 
lime, manganese oxide, magnesia, sulphuric acid, potash, soda 
and silica. The air-dried soil lost only 1.62 per cent, of moisture 
at 365°, and dried at this temperature it gave, in 100 parts, 92 of 
silica, 3-^ organic and volatile, 2 each of alumina and iron oxide, 
and traces of brown oxide of manganese, lime, carbonate, magne- 
sia, phosphoric and sulphuric acids, potash and soda. 

This soil, which contains so large a proportion of silicious mat- 
ter, and but a moderate quantity of organic substances, potash and 
phosphoric acid, has bpen known to support a very luxuriant 
growth of tobacco, probably because so much of its nutritious in- 
gredients were in the soluble condition, as is proved by the 
large relative proportion of solid extract given by it on digestion 
in the water containing carbonic acid. This circumstance, how- 
ever, while it increases its present fertility, hastens the process of 
exhaustion, under the drain of large herbaceous crops carried off 
the ground, without any rettirn being made to it in the form of ma- 
nures. The rapidity with which the tobacco plant robs the soil of 
its richness is explained by the fact that aboat one fourth of the 
weight of the dried plant is composed of the mineral matters es- 
sential to vegetable growth, especially potash, lime, magnesia, soda, 
sulphuric acid, phosphoric acid, etc. 


There are probably not less than 10,000 acres of coal in the hill 
strata of Daviess County, and the strata vary in thickness from a 
few inches to five feet, yielding coal of nearly all qualities. 

Bon Harbor. — Coal mines were opened here as early as 1825, 
the veins about five feet in thickness. There is no place where No. 
11 coal is so easily identified by palaeontological observations. The 

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coal, about five feet thick, has an occasional clay parting, or is sep- 
arated by a thin layer of snlphuret of iron and charcoal. It is 
topped by the black, shabby shales, with great abundance of shells 
and some remifiins of fishes ; and above it has a soft, calcareous 
rock, also full of beautifully preserved shells, all species character- 
istic of this coal. Near Curdsville, opposite this place, on Green 
River, in Henderson County, No. 11 coal has been worked, and is- 
here called Cook's upper coal. The coal, four feet thick, has a clay 
parting; its black shales are full of shells, as at Bon Harbor, and 
it is covered by two beds of limestone, separated by a bed of 
coal, dirt and fire clay, six inches thick. The inferior bed of lime- 
stone is full of shells, but the superior one is black, and without 
remains of fossils. 

The coal from "Wolf Hill, about ten miles [southeast of Owens- 
boro, as analyzed by the State chemist about twenty-seven years 
ago, proved to be unfavorable to the production of rich gas or 
much oily matter. The sulphur in its composition is compara- 
tively small. This coal has a remarkably pure appearance, is deep 
black and glossy, with some fibrous coal between the layers; but 
there is no appearance of pyrites and other impurities, except some 
incrustation of lime the joints. Heated over a spirit 
lamp, it swells up a little, but does not agglutinate. Specific grav- 
ity 1.275. Only two per cent of it is ashes. 

'*Triplett's" coal, four miles southeast of Owensboro, is glossy, 
pitch black, pretty firm, and seemingly pretty free from pyrites; 
a little sulphate of lime in the joints; not much fibrous coal be- 
tween the layers. Over the spirit lamp it softens, swells up and 
agglutinates; burns with a smoky flame, and leaves a bright, cellu- 
lar coke. It is probably a good coking coal. Tlie vein is twenty- 
four inches in thickness. 

The proximate analysis of this coal yields 6| per cent, of moist- 
ure, 36 of volatile combustible matters, 51^ carbon in the coke, 
and 6 of purple-gray ashes. The ashes is ^ silica, ^ alumina and 
oxide of iron, and the rest lime, magnesia, etc. The ultimate 
analysis (specimen dried at 212 ® ) yields carbon 7l per cent., hy- 
drogen 6, sulphur 2, oxygen, nitrogen and loss 15, and ashes 7. 

Cannel coal exists on the " Mason " lands, or Spice Kidge, 
above the beds seen on Puppy Creek, and is probably the equiva- 
lent of a shale bed, into which openings have been made on the 
farm of Mrs. Bell, near the Telvington and Owensboro road. At. 
Spice Ridge the opening presents the following section : 

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Ft. In. In. 

;81aty cannel coal 1 lo 4 

Blackish gray argillaceous shales 1 g 7 

Firm blocks of cannel coal 11 g 

Clay shale 5 5 

Water line in pit 

Under the water the coal is said to be thicker than above it. Bv 
sounding the pit appears to have been sunk two feet ten inches 
below the water lime now in it; the soundings show fire or under 
clay at the bottom. 

The physical appearance of the upper four inches is very like 
the coal of the Breckenridge mine. Near the spring at Mrs. 
Bell's farm a pit has been sunk eighteen feet deep, which consists 
of fourteen feet of surface clay, two feet of shale and two feet of 
under clay, similar to the under clay of coal. On a more elevated 
part of the same point a pit has been sunk into the same bed, 
through fifteen feet of surface clay and five feet of soft sandstone, 
"there reaching water. 

From the shales raised from below the water lime, fragments of 
^sh were obtained, broken and scattered in the shales; no coal was 
seen, nor the appearance of coal. The coal has thinned out and 
disappeared. The distance between the Spice ridge and Mrs. 
Bell's is about two miles in a northwesterly direction, and nearly 
parallel with the course of the Ohio River. 

From the Hawesville mines to the locality of Mrs. Bell's there 
appears to be a general thinning of all the beds composing the 
Hawesville section. On Puppy Clreek the first sandstone over the 
Hawes coal has diminished in thickness from eighty-five to thirty- 
three feet. It would be interesting to science] to determine this 
precisely. If established it would bring the Hawes coal that much 
nearer the surface than it has been supposed to be, and thus make 
the knowledge of the position of that coal of the greatest practi- 
cal value to the people of Daviess County. 

Oa the old Moses Iiiglehart farm, about two miles a little north 
of east from Livermore, a coal-stain makes its appearance in the 
hillside near the dwelling. When first visited it was supposed 
to be the outcropping of a bed of some importance, but subsequent 
examinations have not verified the conjecture. A carbonate iron 
ore, however, which lies about four feet below the coal-stain, has 
a very fair appearance and may prove to be of value. This can 
only be proved by a more extended digging than has yet been 

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done, to determine its area, and by chemical analysis to test its 
purity. The bed ranges from six to nine inches in thickness. It 
is especially desirable, in order to jndge of tlie value of this ore, 
to become fully acquainted with its horizontal extent and physical 
changes, as in some places it seems to pass into a ferruginous lime- 
stone, which is of no value as an iron ore. Immediately under the 
iron ore, and sometimes merging into it at the top, a bed of lime- 
stone about nine inches thick occurs. It weathers with a yellowish 
surface marked with white splotches. The surface is also marked 
by drab lumps which are spread over it. The rock seems to be 
really bare of organic remains; a few small fragments of crinoid 
columns and some other small fossils were found. 

On Timor Howard's farm, near John Jones's place, which is 
about four miles northeastwardly from Riley's Station, a deposit of 
black slate occurs, moderately rich in bituminous elements and 
cannel coal-like in structure. This deposit is kfiown in the neigh- 
borhood as cannel coal ; but it approaches more nearly to cannel 
slate in its physical characters. The section as exposed in 1875, 
contained four feet of block bituminous slate that somewhat re- 
sembled cannel slate, one foot of layer containing iron, two feet of 
cannel slate and fourteen inches of feriferous layer. 

On John Jones's land, near his dwelling, a limestone holding 
considerable bitumen (in cavities) is exposed. In appearance the 
limestone resembles some of the carboniferous beds, but its identity 
could not be proved. The presence of bitumen in the rock has 
caused some to have faith in the existence of a profitable quantity 
of petroleum on the farm. There does not seem to be in fact, 
however, any evidence to justify such a belief. There were some 
unsuccessful borings made for salt on the place several years ago. 
Sandy shale was penetrated to some depth (which was not very con- 
siderable), but, so far as can be gathered, the boring was without 
result of any kind. 

A few feet above the limestone a coal dirt is exposed on the 
hillside, and is overlaid by ocherous sandy shale. This coal has 
been worked near Mr. Jones's and is reported to measure three 
feet in thickness when well opened. On Mr. T. B . Bratcher's place, 
near Mr. Jones's, about two and a half miles east of Tichnor's 
Station, limestone is again found which may be equivalent to that 
seen at Mr. Jones's, although topographically nearly 130 feet 
above it. As is the case with the limestone seen at Mr. Jones's, 
fossils are quite rare in the rock, and only a few crinoid columns 

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■were found. At about fifteen feet above the limestone at Mr. 
Bratcher's sprinej, an inch or two of coal has been found. Frag- 
ments of pebbly sandstone are strewn over the slope of the hill. 
The outcrop of limestone on Mr. Bratcher's place is about two 
miles west from the the Barrett's Creek salt wells, in Ohio County, 
at which point the Rough Creek uplift is plainly visible, the 
Chester beds being brought to the surface there and tilted at high 

About one mile eastwardly from Tichnor's Station a coal bed has 
been opened by William Atherton. The bed 's nearly three and 
a half feet thick, but so far as proven in 1875 was not of excellent 
quality. From the positions of the poorer portions of the bed, 
however, it is presumable that when followed further under the 
hill, beyond the reach of atmospheric agencies, the coal may gain 
considerably in quality. A few outcrops were seen in other local- 
ities between Livermore and Riley's Station, a distance of six miles 
by the railroad, but very little could be determined concerning 
them. From Riley's Station to Lewis's Station there are ew out- 
crops, but the surface is less flat than toward Livermore. 

Within a mile of Lewis's Station the cuts begin to show sandstone 
and shale. In the cuts just south of the twelfth mile-post (number- 
ing from Owensboro) a total thickness of twenty-five feet of sand- 
stone is exposed. This overlies a coal which has opened near the 
road, on land belonging either to Mr. Field or Mr. Vanarsdal. The 
bed is reported to be three feet thick. It is covered by bituminous 
slate, which appears to be sufficiently dense to form a good roof for 
mining under. The position of the coal is about ten feet below the 
railroad at the twelfth mile-post. The ground immediately at the 
present place of opening is not suitable for mining on a large scale, 
because of the short depth of the coal below the surface. " Strip- 
ping " seems to be the only convenient means by which the coal 
may be reached. At the hills, however, where the overlying sand- 
stone is present, it is possible for the coal to be worked with more 
profit. An outcropping of the western extension of the bed is 
found on George N. McKay's land, about west of the twelfth mile- 
post. Mr. McKay did a little digging in the coal, in a small branch. 
He estimated the thickness of the bed at three feet ten inches to 
four feet four inches. The quality and general character of the coal 
has not been proved, no opening being in a suitable condition for 
sampling the bed or for studying it sufficiently. From Lewis's 
Station to Crow's Station, a distance of three miles, a few low hills 
are seen, but the outcrops are few. 

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At Hickman's, just south of the ninth mile-post from Owensboro, 
the cuts expose about twenty feet of sandstone. Below the sand- 
stone, with shale (?) between, a thin coal is exposed, not exceeding 
sixteen inches in thickness. It is covered by twenty-one inches ot 
bituminous slate. A number of springs issue from beneath this 
coal bed, and have a considerable local reputation, the place serv- 
ing in a modest way as a watering place for the people of Owens- 
boro. The waters are chiefly chalybeate. Two or three of them 
contain alum, however, one of them being rather remarkable for 
the amount of this material it contains. In one of the springs a 
small amount of copper was found; but the amount is so small 
that it will not seriously affect the influence of the waters. The 
" Sulphur," "Brick," and "Yellow" springs are chalybeate — that 
is, they yield traces of iron. The chalybeate spring near Lewis's 
Station, and also Dr. Hickman's residence has considerably more 

From Crow's Station to Owensboro flats are the prevailing 
features, the " Black " and " Panther Creek " flats filling the larger 
part of the distance. 

In the vicinity of Owensboro several coal mines have been opened, 
all of which are probably in coal D. Two miles and a half below 
town, at the site of the old Coal Haven factory, eighteen inches of 
coal is exposed in the bank of the Ohio River. A section at this 
place exhibited five feet or more of thin-bedded sandstone, ten feet 
of sandy,. thinly laminated shale, next, an earthy, pyritous, some- 
what lumpy and calcareous band of about two inches, which abounds 
in crinoidal columns, and several other interesting fossils, then three 
feet of dark shale, passing below into a dense, black slate, and 
lastly about twenty inches of coal. In the hills back from the river 
coal D has been worked. Barrett's new bank, near the old Bon 
Harbor mines, exhibits a stratum of coal fifty-two to fifty-eight 
inches in thickness, ^nd is covered by dense, hard slate. The posi- 
tion of the coal is about 120 feet above the one exposed at the river, 
though it may be somewhat less. The upper fourteen inches of the 
bed is said to be the best. The same bed is worked at Mr. S. M. 
Dean's mine, which is about one mile and a half below Owensboro. 
At this bank the coal measures four feet four inches in thickness. 
At the "Dutch" mine, about one mile and a half above Owensboro 
the coal worked varies from three and a half to three feet two inches 
in thickness. At the " Montgomery " mine, near the one men- 
tioned above, the same coal is worked, and measures three feet two 

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inches in thickness. The porcontiiJO of snlphur is comparatively 
h>w in this bed. It is probable that the eoal worked here is an ex- 
tension of the bed worked below Oweashoro; but the wide differ- 
ences to be observed between the analysis of the samples collected 
at the mines below the town and of those collected here would 
seeiii to indicate a possibility' of their being distinct beds. A coal 
seam twenty inches thick is reported to have been found ninety 
feet below the one wrought at these mines. 

In the eastern part of the county, the Hawes' main coal is about 
300 feet below the Lewisport coal, or 260 feet below the surface at 
the foot of the Lewisport coal mine hill. The extent of the hills 
between Blackford and Yellow creeks forbids the idea that a very 
extended field of the bed known as the Lewisport coal, especially 
as the limestone in the upper part of the section is generally cut in 
the valleys, leaving quite narrow ridges, containing this bed be- 
tween them. In fact, the main Hawesville coal is brought above 
the drainage about two miles northwest of Knottsville, where it 
was in 1855 worked by Mr. Weisel. 

The same coal bed can bo seen in outcrop at several places, near 
Mr. Weisel's, on Pup Creek. This bed is also opened on the north- 
west side of the ridge half a mile above J. Y. Wathen's. The coal 
dips rapidly to the northwest from this last opening, bringing 
the coal down to the branch bottom in a short distance. The sand- 
stone covering the main Hawes' coal is much thinner here than at 
the Hawes' mine, or, that another limestone has been intercalated. 
About sixty feet above the coal, on both sides of the ridg_e, a lime- 
stone occurs having the general characters of the lower limestone 
of the section referred to above, especially in the character of the 
fossils contained in it. 

Commencing at the bed of the branch, and counting upward, the 
strata at "Weisel's coal mines in 1855 were found to be as follows : 
Under clay, two feet ; coal, the top part containing thin layers of 
shale, four feet, four inches ; bituminous shale, containing lingulse, 
five feet, eight inches ; sandstone, soft, of a grayish white color, five 
feet ; soft, yellow sandstone, thirteen feet ; sandstone, weathering 
into holes, ten feet ; covered space, thirty feet ; limestone, four 
feet; covered space, forty feet; sandstone, fifteen feet; covered 
space, twenty-six feet, top of the hill. 

We are indebted to T. H. Osborne, Local Geologist of this 
county, for most of the notes following in reference to out-croppings 

of coal, etc., in the eastern part of the county. 

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The coal on the waters of Blackford to within a mile of Knotta- 
ville is thres to four feet, four inches. On Ireland Head, three, 
miles from Knottsville, the coal crops out four feet thick with a 
covering of fifty feet of sandstone and shale. One mile east, on the 
land of Eichard Long, the brown coal occurs, and, like the bitu- 
minous, is four feet, four inches, in thickness. It shows a woody or 
slaty structure and is fossiliferous. A half mile from this place, on 
E. Jarboe's land, on a northwest hill near Pup Creek, there is an 
out-crop of coal fifty inches thick, underneath sandstone. A mile 
due east, on Widow Bowles's land, on the Knottsville and 
Ilawesville road, and a mile from Knottsville, there are three feet of 
c al, under forty feet of sandstone. On OharJes Clement's land, a 
mile from the last place, the coal vein is thirty-three inches in 
thickness. This land is on the Owensboro and Cloverport road 
one mile above Knottsville. 

Due east of the last, on George AuU's land", which is on the 
Whitesville and Knottsville road, the coal has a three-foot vein. 
A half mile further, on Charles Higdon's land, the coal is fifty- 
two inches thick. A mile southwest, on Mr. Carico's place, it is 
thirty inches. Three miles southeast, on 'Squire Anderson's land, 
between Whitesville and Knottsville, the coal is also thirty inches. 
This coal lies in pocket. From this point on to Knottsville there 
seems to be a general thinning of this coal seam. 

A shaft at George MuUin's flouring mill in Whitesville is sunk, 
forty feet deep, through twenty-nine inches of coal. 

On William Clark's farm, in Upper Town Precinct, is found No. 
2 peacock coal, thirty inches thick. From A. Clark, Jr.'s to John 
McFarland's, northeast of Owensboro, outcroppings are seen among 
the hills. 

The strata about Hill's bridge, on the McFarland's Mill road, 
ard in the tidal-wave formation, with upheavals and outcroppings 
of coal on North Panther Creek. On Barney May's farm, near 
Panther Creek and about four miles from Owensboro, Mr. Osborne 
in the latter part of November, 1882, discovered peacock coal 
thirty inches thick. Indeed, coal can be found in hundreds of 
places throughout Daviess County, and among them Mr .Osborne 
lias found outcroppings, stains, etc., on the lands of Albert Clark, 
near the Litchfield road, four miles from Owensboro; on Jackson 
Sublette's horse lot, one and a half miles further; on Frank Yew- 
ell's place, near Zion Church; on the lands of H. B. Pardon* on 
the Hartford road, three miles from Owensboro; on Mr. Ratt's 

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three and a half miles from Owensboro; on K. F. Wflkerson's, same 
vicinity ; on the lands of Thos. H. Higdon, W. J. Clark, etc., etc. 

Among the Shaw Hills, on the Blackford, and about a mile and 
a half above its mouth, are three strata of coal, — the highest 315 
feet above low-water mark in the Ohio Eiver, and is covered with 
hard sandstone and limestone. The outcrop ou Blackford near 
the Knottsville and Hawesville bridge is of the sandstone forma- 
tion. From the St. Lawrence, church a mile and a half above 
Knottsville, to Martin Wathen's, is a coal vein varying from 
twenty-two to thirty-six inches. 

The coal from the Montgomery mine, a mile and a half above 
Owensboro (coal D), is of a pure, pitch black, has but little fibrous 
coal in it, but has some thin scales of pyrites in the seam. That 
of the Dutch mine is similar. The latter is a " splint " coal, as is 
also that of Bon Harbor. That of Duncan's bank, near Knotts- 
ville, splits easily into thin laminae; has considerable fibrous coal 
and some granular pyrites and pyritic bright scales. 


There is good building stone in nearly all parts of Daviess County. 
In the Shaw Hills, previously referred to, there is a limestone as 
good as the Louisville variety. From James Lafoe's to the Han- 
cock County line the sandstone is fine for building purposes. 
Quarries are worked here. This stone is underlaid with a blue va- 
riety good for grindstones and scythe-stones. On John Jones's and 
Mr. Bratcher's places, about two and a half miles east of Tichenor's 
Station, limestone exists of good building qualities. Fossils are 
quite rare in these strata. That on Bratcher's place is topograph- 
ically 130 feet higher than that of Mr. Jones's. Fifteen feet above 
the limestone at Bratcher's Spring, an inch or two of coal has been 
found. Fragments of pebbly sandstone are strewn over the slope 
of the hill. The outcrop of limestone on Mr. Bratcher's place is 
about two miles from Barrett's Creek salt wells, in Ohio County, 
at which point the Rough Creek uplift is plainly visible. The 
Chester beds are here brought to the surface and tilted at right 

The four-feet coal in the bed of Blackford Creek lies in the sub- 
carboniferons limestone, as well as the "anvil rock, " or "shot- 
pouch sandstone." From the Shaw Hills to James Estes', on the 
Yelvington road, five miles from the latter place, the same sub- 
carboniferous limestone prevails, as well as the Averill sandstone. 

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A few outcrops of coal'are found along the railroad in the sonth- 
ern portion of the county. Within a mile of Lewis's Station the 
cuts begin to show sandstone and sluile. In the cuts just south of 
the twelfth mile-post, numbering from Owensboro, a total thickness 
of twenty-five feet of sandstone is exposed. This overlies a coal 
which has been opened near the road, on land belonging either to 
Mr. Field or Mr. VanArsdal. The bed is reported to be three feet 
thick. It is covered by bituminous slate, which appears to be suf- 
ficently dense to form a good roof for mining under. The position 
of the coal is about ten feet below the railroad at the twelfth mile- 
post. At Dr. Hickman's, just south of the ninth mile-post, the 
cuts expose about twenty feet of sandstone. 


On Alex. Hill's farm, on the southwest side of Panther Creek, 
shale and ocher are exhibited eight to ten feet thick in the bank. Yel- 
low ocher and red (keel) of very fine quality are found in this and 
other places. 

Iron ore is found in this county, but not in workable quantities. 

l,ead exists in a stratum three eighths of an inch thick, in a 
stone quarry between James Lafoe's ^and the Hancock County 
line. "Floating lead " is also found in small quantities. On the 
Blackford, about two and a half miles above its mouth, lead is sup- 
posed to exist, from which the early settlers used to mold bullets. 
The precise spot is not now clearly identified, but there is a tradition 
that Indians used to obtain lead at this point, and were engaged in 
mining it in 1793, when they espied Captain Wm. Hardin in the 
ear vicinity and captured him. 

Clay. — There is clay on the farm of Rev. A. Hopkins, near 
Crow's Station, which is somewhat sandy, of a light-gray color, 
with ferruginous infiltrations in the fissures, and some '^^'^ obscure 
vegetable impressions. It contains about fifty per ceni >f fine 
clear sand. It burns quite hard, turning to a handsoiu lio-ht- 
salmon color, and hence may be quite valuable for terra coita work, 
or bricks, or tiles. The air-dried clay lost one and a half per cent, 
of moisture at 212° Fahrenheit, and as much more of combined 
water at red heat. It would probably shrink less in the fire than 
most clays, but would not answer for a fire-clay. 

Of blue potters' clay a bed or vein ten to fourteen feet thick 
and ten to fifteen feet below the top of the bank, extends from three 
miles above to two miles below Owensboro; and a short distance 

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south of thecity is a bed of white clay. A fine English fire-clay 
was discovered by T. H. Osborne near Whitesville, about three 
fourths of a mile from Boston 

Rock crystal, of gravity 2. 5, and mica, gravity 3, are found in 
this county — the latter on the edge ot the western co41 field, in the 
St. Louis group. 

Salt water of excellent quality can be obtained by boring 600 to 
YOO feet deep. 


Two miles north of Calhoon, in the neighborhood of the old 
"Vienna settlement " on Green Kiver, are the "tar and sulphur" 
springs. The medicinal substance referred to is a gummy matter 
which rises to the surface during the night to the extent of a quart 
or two', and is reputed to be good for sores. Accessible only when 
the water is low. 

The waters of Telvington Spring contain free carbonic acid, 
bi-carbonates of lime and magnesia, salt, a trace of iron, and pos- 
sibly of an alkaline carbonate. To the latter may be due the flat 
taste of the water, after it has stood for a time. Part of the mag- 
nesia may be united with chlorine. If sulphates are present they 
are in too small quantities to be detected with any degree of 
certainty without boiling the water down. 

The Oliver Spring, on the waters of Blackford, gives nearly the 
same results, except that it contains more iron. 

Murray's Spring, near Lewis's Station, is chalybeate and saline, 
anin its chemical reaction neutral. It is doubtless a healthful 
water. A little over one-thousandth part of it is lime carbonate, 
and then follow in the order of quantity by weight, magnesia sul- 
phate, soda sulphate, potash sulphate, iron carbonate, lime sulphate, 
common salt, etc. 

Dr. Hickman's springs, near Crow's Station, are named "Alum," 
"Sulphur," " Brick " and " Yellow." The Alum spring yields a 
water of strong acid reaction, and is richly impregnated with iron 
salt. A five-thousandth part of this is solid matter, of which nearly 
seventy-nine per cent, is iron ^peroxide, nearly fifteen per cent. 
combined water, five per cent, sulphuric acid (anhydrous), etc. 
The other springs abound mostly in soda sulphate, magnesia sul- 
phate, lime sulphate, lime carbonate, common salt, magnesia 
carbonate, etc. In all these springs are traces of copper, lithia, 
silica, organic matters, etc., which are so small in quantity as to 

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require no notice. The alum waters are liiglily astringent, aiid are 
doubtless too strong for internal use without dilution, in most cases. 
The saline and sulphur waters are alterative, sliglitly aperient, 
diuretic, or sudorij&c, and hence depurative, according to the man- 
ner of their administration under medical advice. 

As a health resort the above springs have long been noted, and 
a hotel was built there many years ago for the accommodation of 
visitors. It was burned down in 1860, and a new, large, frame 
building erected in 1865 by Dr. W. A. Hickman; also a dwelling 
house, still larger. Play-grounds were fitted up. The patroiiHge 
most of the time was larger than could well be accommodated. It 
is still a favorite place for picnics, although the hotel was closed 
three years ago. 

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The groves were God's first temples. Yea; 
And they're His holiest temples still. 

The term ' ' botany " comprises everything that grows in the 
soil, from the largest tree to the smallest moss. Scientifically, 
every living organism that subsists upon inorganic matter is a 
plant, whether it possesses locomotion and sensitiveness or not; 
while all living organisms that subsist upon organic matter are 
animals, although some of them are fixed to a spot as most plants 

Daviess County is in a region favorable to the high develop- 
ment of many species in the vegetable kibgdom. While about 
2,300 species of plants are found native in the United States, about 
1,600 are found within the State of Kentucky, and fully 1,000 within 
the limits of Daviess County. In the following paragraphs we will 
notice only those of interest to the general reader; and we will 
mention the most conspicuous first, pursuing the following order: 
1. Trees which grow to the full forest height. 2. Low trees. 3. 
Shrubs and bushes, i. "Vines, woody and herbaceous. 5. Native 
herbs. 6. Weeds, or introduced herbs, growing spontaneously in 
cultivated and waste places. 


Oaks. — The most conspicuous family of the forest is that ot the 

■oaks. There is a greater variety and abundance of them than of 

any other tree, and, perhaps, in this country, they are the most 

useful of all. At the head of this family stands the Wliite Oak, 

which, though the most common species of oak in some sections 

of the country, is not so abundant in Daviess County as some other 

species. Being the most useful for general purposes, it has been 

cut out of the forest more than the others, and thus made relatively 

scarcer. Bur Oak is abundant, and in general utility is, perhaps, 

next the White species. Swamp White Oak is rare. A species 

of Bur Oak called " Post Oak " occurs here and there. 

Of the oaks which have a black, hard, rough bark, the most 


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prominent are the Scarlet, Ked, Black, Black Jack, Shingle and 
Water Oaks. The Willow Oak, so called from the form of its 
leaves, occurs, but is rare. The Black, Scarlet and Shingle oaks 
are of the first order for fuel, as tliej"^ furnish fully as much heat as 
hickory, afford ashes strong with lye, and produce good embers 
and cliarcoal. The other oaks are low trees, and are mentioned 
under the next sub-head. 

The Oak family intermix to a great extent — in some localities 
BO much that it is really difficult for even a scientist to classify 

Elms, — Next to the oaks the White Elm is the most common 
tree in this county. Its principal value is as a shade-tree, though 
when sawed thin it is much used for small goods boxes. See next 
sub-head for the other two elms. 

Sycamore^ or Buttonwood. — This is the only species of its fam- 
ily in America, and finds its home in all the Ohio Valley. Used 
as a street shade-tree here, where it forms beautiful heads, and 
produces larger leaves than any other tree. Sawed thin its wood 
makes good material for small boxes. 

Pojplars. — The Cottonwood is a well-known, large swamp tree, 
of but little account. The Quaking Asp, or American Aspen, is a 
true poplar, and is scarce 

Tulip-Tree. — This is not a poplar, though often so called. It 
has also been called white-wood and cucumber-wood. It used to 
be common in this region, but, being very useful for box lumber, 
it has been pretty well cut out. 

Walnuts. — The Black Walnut, for its I'ichly-shadcd dark wood, 
is the most valuable tree of the forest. Specimens in the North 
have been sold for as much as $1,200 a tree, as they stood on the 
ground ! Consequently it has become scarce, as a large tree. 
White Walnut or Butternut, is found occasionallj', and is abundant 
in some parts of the county. The wood is much used at the pres- 
ent day for veneering. 

J/a^^eA'.— Three species of maple are found in Daviess County r 
1. Hard, Sugar or Kock, with a variety called Black. 2. Eed or 
Swamp. 3. White or Silver. The two latter are soft-wooded. 
The hard maple, or " sugai-tree, " was once abundant here, but is 
now scHj-ce. 

Hickories. — These are, botanioally speaking, members of the 
Walnut family. At the Lead of this class of trees stands the 
Western Shell-bark, for its fruit and its wood; but it is not so 

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common as formerly. Akin to it is the common Shell-bark or 
Shag-bark, which, by the way, is much more common East than 
here. The " Small-fruited" Hickory is abundant in this region. 
Of those bearing soft-shelled nuts, the most common are the Bit- 
ter-nut and Pig-nut; the next the Mocker-nut, or White-hearted 
Hickory; and lastly the favorite Pecan. A few specimens are 
found which, by the fruit, seem to be a cross between the Small- 
fruited Hickory and the Pecan 

Ash. — Of this family the White was once the most common; but, 
being a valuable tree for fuel and lumber, it has become compara- 
tively scarce. It has also been cp,lled Black Ash, Blue Ash and 
Gray Ash. The Red Ash, the Green Ash and the true Blue Ash 
are found in this county, the latter very scarce. The last three 
are of but little value. The true Black Ash is said to be abun- 

Lin, Linden or Basswood. — One species was formerly abundant, 
and one has always been scarce. The latter species has larger 
leaves, with a silvery white and fine down underneath. 

Birch.— RivQx or Red Birch occurs along the streams. 

Catalpa. — Of this there are two species, both rare in this county. 
One is much more hardy than the other, and valuable for fence- 
posts, etc. Its time of flowering is three weeks earlier than the 
tenderer kind. It was formerly common. Specimens have been 
found over four feet in diameter. 

HacTcberry. — A few specimens of this tree are still found. It 
belongs to the Elm family and is not a valuable tree. 

Cofee Tree. — This denizen of the forest has always been rare. 
The tree is best known by its beautiful compound leaves and glossy 

Honey Locust. — Common. Valuable for hedges, and in the ex- 
treme northern portion of the Union it is hardier "than Osage 
Orange, and therefore better for this purpose. 

Sweet Gum. — This tree has somewhat star-ihaped leaves, yields 
a fragrant white gum, and that which grows among other tall trees 
yields the most valuable lumber, taking the place at once of pine, 
walnut and cherry. This was originally one of the most abundant 
of trees, but it is now reduced to one fourth or less. Although the 
botanists recognize but one species here, difference of situation 
produces so great a difference that the people say there are at least 
two varieties, — the yellow or red wooded and the white-wooded, 
the first mentioned being valuable and the other almost or quite 

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'^ Black Oum," a^Wei. also Sour Gum, Pepperidge, Nyssa and 
Tupelo, is not at all akin to the preceding. It grows to full forest 
height. Its black, acid berries are not edible. It is still plentiful. 
The wood is good only for hubs of wheels, etc. The true Black 
Gum is rare. 

Cherry. — The "Wild Black Cherry is common, and reaches its 
greatest perfection here. 

Beech. — This very common tree of the Lake region and the 
East was formerly represented by a few specimens in this county. 

Cypress. — iThe American Bald Cypress may possibly be found in 
J>av\e83 County. It is common south of Green River. 

Sorrel- wood, Cucumber-wood and Snow-drop tree are very rare 
in this region; and the Umbrella tree may possibly occur here. 


While a few under the preceding head scarcely ever reach the 
lieight of the tallest forest tree, those which we shall enumerate 
under, this head never reach the average height of the forest, and 
range dow^n to less than twenty feet, where they mingle, in classi- 
fication, with "bushes" and shrubs, treated under the next sub- 

.ffZw*.-*— The Slippery, or Red, and the Winged occur here and 

Oak. — Post Oak and Black Jack are common. 

Buckeye. — ^Thp Smooth Ohio, or Fetid Buckeye occurs in the 
river bottoms, but has always been scarce. 

Paiispom. — Well known throughout the Ohio River Valley for 
its banana-like fruit, which some persons learn to like as an article 
of diet. To "learn to like" them one must merely taste of them, 
at times far apart, and when hungry and under the most favorable 
circumstances. Even then many will fail. 

Persimmon. — Common and more edible than the preceding. 
Persons abroad do not know much about them, from the fact that 
they cannot be shipped to a great distance. Before they are per- 
fectly soft they are inedible, and after that they decay too rapidly 
for shipping to market. Some one might make a little money at 
idryhig and canning them. Persimmon trees four feet in diameter 
have been seen here. 

MuTberry. — This occurs here, but, as everywhere else, is rare. 

CrcAdpple. — Two species are found here, but neither is as 
abundant as elsewhere. 

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Thorn. — There are five species of thorn in this region, gener- 
■ally known as Red Haws. The moat common are Black or Pear, 
ihe Cockspur, the "Washington and the Scarlet-fruited. 

Box-Elder, or Ash-leaved Maple was formerly common, but is 
now scarce. 

Red Bud, or Judas Tree, is common in this vicinity, and is 
Tifell known by its purplish crimson tops in early spring before the 
leaves appear. 

Hed Cedar occurs, but is rare. 

Sassafras and Sjpioe Bush, almost the only two members of the 
Laurel family in the United States, are both common in this 
■county. The latter, however, is a shrub, and is becoming scarce. 
Sassafras four feet four inches in diameter have been found in Daviess 

Service or June Berry. — Rare. 

Alder.— -The Smooth and Hoary Alders, of the Birch family, and 
Black Alder or -Winterberry, of the Holly family, occur in this 

Dogwood. — The Flowering Dogwood is a common low tree; the 
other dogwoods are mentioned under the next sub-head. 

Hop Homieam and Water Beech found occasionally, as also the 
Southern Buckthorn. 

Wafer Ash, a tree whose bark and leaves yield a fetid odor, is 
sometimes found. Is sometimes also called Hop Tree and Shrubby 

The Common or "Black " Locust is native here. 

Holly. — One species of holly may occur in wet grounds. 
Willows. — Six species of willows are found in this county, rang- 
ing from shrubs to small trees. 


Dogwoods (the Silky and the Panicled Cornels), Butter Bush, 
Palse Indigo, "Wild Hydrangea, Burning Bush, Bladdernnt, Com- 
mon Elder, three species of Sumach, Wolf berry, Coralberry, "Wild 
Black Currant, two species of Gooseberry, Black Haw, "White 
Rod, Shrubby St. John's wort. Mistletoe, Spice Bush, Prickly Ash, 
-Calico Bush (or Ivy), Holly-leaved Oak, Alder Buckthorn, Choke 
Cherry, Choke Berry, two species of Plum, and two species of 
Hazlenut are about aU that come under this head in Daviess 

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Orape. — The Winter or Frost Grape is common, but the Sum- 
mer Grape, a delicious fruit, is very scarce, if indeed it can b& 
found at all in this county. In early days it was common, but the 
vines have been destroyed by reckless grape-gatherers. The 
Catawba is escaping from cultivation. The Virginia Creeper, or 
American " Ivy," is abundant throughout the West. 

Poison Ivy. — This occurs almost everywhere, sometimes as a. 
small shrub, when it is called Poison] Oak, and sometimes as a 
large vine reaching to the top of the tallest tree. It has i^iree 
leaflets to each leaf, whUe the Virginia Creeper has five; andyoung^ 
Box-Elder is distinguished from" Poison Ivy by whitish bloom cov- 
ering the leaf-stems and green twigs of the former. 

Virgin's Bower occurs but rarely. 

Moonseed is common everywhere. This has erroneously been 
called Sarsaparilla. Its round, yellow roots have a tonic bitter 

Climhing Bittersweet is a twining, woody vine, found occasion- 
ally. It bears orange-colored berries, in clusters which are con- 
spicuous in autumn, resembling wax-work, by which term they |ir& 
indeed sometimes called, and have been used in ornamentation. 
This vine is also called simply Bittersweet, but the true medJcal 
Bittersweet is a plant of an entirely different order and appearance,, 
not a vine, and not growing wild in this county. 

Yetches. — ^This term may comprise several small herbaceous- 
vines of the pea and bean family, occurring frequently in the 
woods, but of no great consequence. 

Hop. — Occasional. 

Wild Pea Vine, or Hog Peanut, is abundant. 

Wild Balsam Apple, called also Wild Cucumber, and by many 
other local names, is a vigorous, herbaceous vine, bearing a bur- 
like fruit, like that of the Jimson-weed, and flourishing about cul- 
tivated grounds. 

Morning-glory. — The most common plant of this order, growing 
spontaneously beyond the bounds of culj;ivation, is the Hedge 
Bindweed, or Eutland Beauty. Eight species of Dodder ("Love- 
vine") may be found, all rare except one. It appears like orange- 
colored thread growing on the tops of weeds. 

Bindweeds. — Black Bindweed, arrow-leaved Tear-thumb, and 
climbing false Buckwheat occur here and there. The firs-t men-^ 
tioned is sometimes a pest in fields. 

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Wild Yam, Green Brier, Carrion Flower, etc., are common in 
the woods. 

Besides the above, there are several species of plants which are 
sometimes called vines, but are not strictly such. They grow 
mostly prostrate on the ground, but neither climb nor twine; for 
examples. Goose-grass, Bracted Yervain, Yellow Honeysuckle, 


The most common wild herbacious jjlants, especially in earlier 
days, were wild Sunflowers, Coneflowers, Spanish Needle, Stick- 
seed, Tick-seed, Eosin-weed, Sneeze-weed, Yarrow, Asters, Flea- 
banes, Golden-rods, Thoroughworts, Iron-weeds, Fire-weed, This- 
tles, Catch-fly, Wood-sorrel, Spring Beauty, Anemones, Violets, 
Milkweeds, May- Apple, Loosestrife, "Wild Parsley, Dogbane, 
Sweet Ciceley, Bedstraw (Cleavers and Goose-grass), Gerardia, 
American Pennyroyal, Wild Mint, Water Hoarhound, Giant Hys- 
sop, Red and Yellow Puccoon, Beggar's-Lice, Wild Pliloxes (Sweet 
William), Ground Cherry, Eich-weed, Potentiila, Wild Touch-me- 
not, Three-seeded Mercury, Horse-tail, Cat-tail, Arrow-head Tril- 
liums, Solomon's Seal, Spider-wort, and the Ferns. Ginseng, 
locally called " sang," was common in early day, but, on account 
of its marketable value, it has been about all eradicated from our 
woods; and for the same reason, its supposed value, it has never 
been considered a weed. 

In addition to the foregoing, we may add the following, as oc- 
-curring more rarely, but were still frequent and *were either 
prominent or interesting in some feature: Adam and Eve, Adder's 
Tongue, Agrimony, Alum-root, Avens, Baneberry, Beard-tongue, 
Black Snakeroot, Blood-root, Blue Flag, Bog Eush, Boneset, 
Buck Bean, Bull Eush, Bush Clover, Cardinal Flower, Club Eush, 
■Cohosh, Columbine, Cress, Crowfoots, Cudweed, Culver's Physic, 
Dragoon-root, Dry Strawberry, Dutchman's Breeches, Enchanter's 
Nightshade, Evening Primrose, Feverwort, Fog-fruit, Fool's 
Parsley, Foxglove, Gentians, Goat's Eue, Golden Alexander, 
Greek Valerian, Groundnut, Groundsel, Hawk-weed, Hedge 
Nettle, Herb Eobert, Hibiscus, Horsemint, Honewort, Hound's 
Tongue, Indian Turnip, La'dies' Slipper, Lead Plant, Leafcup, 
Leek, Liverwort, Lousewort, Lupine, Marsh-mallow, Marsh-mari- 
gold, Meadow Eue, Monkey Flower, Mouse-ear, Mugwort, Nettle, 
Pepper-and-Salt, Pond -weed. Pond Lily, Prairie Burdock, Eue 
Anemone, Seltheal, Seneca, nakeroot. Squill Star-grass, Trum- 

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pet-weed, Venus' Looking-glass, Yirginia Snakeroot, Wake Kobin, 
Waterleaf, Water Parsnip, Water Plantain, Wild Ginger, Wild 
Indigo, Wild Larkspur, Wild Rye, Wild Pepper-grass, Wild Sar- 
saparilla, Wild Touch-me-not, Worm-seed, Yellow Pond Lily. 


These are introduced herbs, growing spontaneously in cultivated 
and waste grounds. These, of course, have not been purposely 
introduced from the East and from Europe, but their seeds have 
been unavoidably brought West in the shipment of goods and 

The most familiar weeds in this section of country are Smart- 
weed, Knot-weed, Pig-weed, Thorny Amaranth, Lamb's Quarter, 
Dog-Fennel or May -weed. Bull- Nettle, Jimson, Poke, Indian 
Mallow, Pursley, Spurge, Shepherd's Purse, Pepper-grass, Chick- 
weed, Common Mallows, Gill, Bouncing Bet, Milkweed, several 
species. Silk-weed, Eigwort, Motherwort, Catnip, Hoarhound, 
Mullein, four Vervains, Burdock, Cocklebur (both Common and 
Spiny), Black Nightshade, Dandelion, Toad Flax, Sow Thistle, 
Sneeze-weed, Iron-weed, Plantain, Goosefoot, Rich-weed, Rag- 
weed, Horse-weod, Camphor-weed, etc. The Thorny Amaranth 
has been introduced since the commencement of the last war, 
apparently from the South. 

Clover and grass, as they grow on the commons, are scarcely 
considered weeds, on account of their great utility to live stock, 
while many field and garden plants, when cultivated for their 
products are considered useful, are weeds when they come spon- 
taneously in the way, obstructing the desired cultivation of other 

Plants "escaping from cultivation," as Spider-flower, or Cleoine, 
Bouncing Bet, Bittersweet, Parsnip, Stonecrop, Sunflower, Prince's 
Feather, Lungwort, Horse Radish, Gill, Indian Heliotrope, 
Morning Glory, Buckwheat, etc., are weeds or not weeds, accord- 
ing to whether they come in our way or not. 

The term "botany" includes all mushrooms, toadstools, mildew, 
rust, etc., varying in size from that of a flour barrel to a micro- 
scopic point. Most fungi are microscopic, and maay living 
germs are so minute and so low in the scale of organization 
that they are neither vegetable nor animal. The germs of 
decay are living "organisms," not known to be either vege- 
table or animal, and are mostly of the species called "Bac- 

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terium." Nearly all discolorations of leaves are due to 
the presence of minute fungi or kindred organisms, which are 
as symmetrical as wheels, and often beautiful. Pear-blight and 
apple-blight are now believed to be caused by bacteria or otlier 
germs of disease, and nearly all diseases of plants, as well as many 
affections among men, are now supposed by the medical profession 
to be caused, or at least accompanied, by 9nch germs, in countless 

The amateur botanist, at the present day, finds but little interest 
in rambling through the woods of Kentucky, because by pasturage 
nearly all the native plants are killed out, and their place supplied 
by a few insignificant weeds and grasses. But the seeker after 
fungi, mildews, rusts, etc., finds a much richer field than he could 
have found fifty or seventy-five years ago. 

"Malaria" signifies bad air; and the badness consists of disease 
germs, but it is not known whether these are vegetable or animal 
or neither. These germs are very numerous in their genera and 
species, and most of them are always more or less present. Hence 
it is always better to counteract them by preserving a vigorous 
state of the body than by seeking antidotal poisons. 


This term refers to the whole animal kingdom, and as a science is 
divided into "Zoology," in the narrowest sense, which is the nat- 
ural history of quadrupeds, ornithology (of birds), hepetology (of 
reptiles), entomology (of insects), etc. 

Quadrupeds. — ^The most conspicuous wild animals of pioneer 
times in this part of Kentucky were bnffalo, elk, deer, bears, 
wolves, panthers, jaguars, wild-cats, wild hogs, foxes, raccoons 
("coons"), opossums ("possums"), skunks (or " pole- cats"), ot- 
ters, beavers, musk-rats, minks, weasels, ground-hogs (or "wood- 
chucks"), squirrels, rabbits and moles. 

As a rule the larger species disappeared first, and the smaller, 
most of them, remain until the present time. First the bnffalo 
and elk disappeared, then bears, panthers, deer, beaver, etc. The 
smaller native quadrupeds have generally become very scarce, 
while those of civilization, as rats and mice, have become abundant. 
In some of the wilder parts of the county there may yet be seen 
occasionally a deer, a wolf, a panther, or a wild-cat. The gray fox 
has mainly become extinct ; there are some red foxes yet. Opos- 
sums are nearly all gone. Their flesh is eaten by many persons,. 

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baked with sweet potatoes. There are a good many raocoona yet, 
especially in the flats of Panther Creek. They are caaght with 
traps, and by treeing them, and by chasing after them by their 
tracks in the snow. Skunks, otters, aiid weasels are very rare. 
There are a goodly number of musk-rats and minks. Wild hogs 
■were the descendants of stray domestic individuals. In some see- 
tions they used to be common, but they disappeared about the time 
that " hog cholera" came about. Ground-hogs are still found occa- 

Squiri-els are still abundant in some localities, especially daring 
seasons of mast. The gray squirrel predominates in numbers. ,No 
black specimens have been reported, although, of course, Bom« may 
have existed. Flying squirrels exist in this section. 

Moles are quite abundant. 

Bi/rds. — The species of fowls inhabiting this country are too nu- 
merous to mention here. All exist to this day that have ever 
flourished here; but the wild turkey, being a good game bird and 
very large, has of course become very scarce. Quails are still 
common. In the city of Owensboro the English sparrow is beginning 
to multiply, which the citizens will probably regret in the future. 

In early times a great migration or raid often took place, of p|g- 
eons, wild turkeys, squirrels, etc. Pigeons would sometimes darken 
the sky for hours as they flew over, and bend and break down Ihe 
boughs of the trees when they roosted. Squirrels would some- 
times migrate in immense numbers, swimming the streams, when 
they would be easily caught and killed. 

The pioneers have many interesting experiences to relate qon" 
-cerning the chase and wild animals generally. A large volume 
could easily be filled with entertaining anecdotes. 

A query for naturalists is the curious fact that while fox squirrels 
and cranes are abundant, or often seen, on the Indiana side of the 
river within a mile of this city, they are never seen on this side ; 
and strange enough, the gray squirrel to be found anywhere on this 
side is rarely or never seen oh the Indiana shore. "We are further 
informed that the ground squirrel, so common everywhere, is almost - 
unknown in Daviess County, although in the adjoining counties of 
Ohio, Muhlenburg and McLean they are numeroiis. The scarcity 
of rock in this county is given as a reason of the absence of the 

Reptiles. — The hard-shelled or snapping turtle, the soft-shelled, 
the land and map turtle, are all common. 

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Of snakes in this region, the most noted are the moccasin, the 
timber rattlesnake, black racer, which is plentiful, black and garter 
snakes, spreading viper or adder, milk or house snake, copper- 
head, American ring-snake and the grass snake. These reptiles, 
however, are all diminishing in numbers, as the county becomes 
more densely populated. A black snake fifteen feet long and fif- 
teen or twenty inches girth was said to exist in 1870, on the farm 
of Mrs. James Shipp, near Owensboro. It had been seen occa- 
sionally for eight or ten years previously. 

Three or four species of lizard abound in Jiis region, but, like 
the toads, they are innocent and of no consequence. 

Fish. — About all the fish that are found in Western waters are 
found also within the limits of Daviess County; and this county is 
well favored with good fishing waters, — the Ohio River, Green 
River, Panther Creek, and numerous other creeks and ponds. All 
the game fish, especially the finer kinds, are much scarcer at the 
present day than in early ti; les, but there are State laws prohibit- 
ing their wanton destruction. The best kinds referred to are the 
black or green, and the striped or rock bass, weighing. three to 
seven pounds; the "jack" salmon, the bachelor perch, the white 
or drum perch, pickerel and cat. The white perch and bufi'alo 
are abundant in the Ohio River. Of cat there are three kinds — 
the Mississippi, the channel, and the mud or yellow. Of the first 
mentioned specimens have been caught in the Ohio River weigh- 
ing as much as 150 pounds. Cat fish and shovel fish are still plen- 
tiful. They are much alike in their appearance, and in the quality 
of their flesh. A few native carp may be found in the tributaries 
to the Ohio. 

The bream, or "tin mouth," is a ravenous, speckled, flat fish 
sometimes caught, but it is not a fine game fish. It averages 
about two pounds in weight, and furnishes good food for the table. 
The redhorse is very rare. The two principal varieties of minnows 
are the silver-sides, or shiners, and the chubs. Nine other species 
exist here. Eels occur in respectable numbers, and there are a 
few river sturgeon and sun-fish. 

Considerable interest is now manifested in fish-farming, and in 

introducing new kinds of food fish. Both the General Government 

and the Commonwealth of Kentucky are aiding the citizens here 

in this noble enterprise, and the prospects of success are said to be 

encouraging. The German carp was first introduced into Daviess 

County in 1880, and this fish has been known here to* attain ■■' 


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weight of one pound and a length of fourteen inches within nine 
months. Many applications were made for. fry in the winter of 
1881-'2, but the Government could not supply the demand until 
the following fall, when Mr. Geo. V. Triplett received about forty 
lots of twenty each, and distributed them to the applicants. Some 
persons say they do not like the taste of this fish, but its advocates 
claim that a failure in the cooking must have been the cause of the 
trouble. The receipt for preparing them is somewhat peculiar. 

California salmon and Potomac shad, planted in this county, are 
beginning to .weigh about two pounds. 

Among the' useless or noisome fish, the gar (fresh- water gar) is 
still abundant, as it probably ever will be. Occasionally an " alli- 
gator gar" is caught in the Ohio River, sometimes as much as five 
feet long. Dog-fish, gourd-seed or grinnell, the skip-jack, suckers 
and a few more unimportant fish are found. 


vxi honey were abundant during the " wild " days of Daviess 
County's career. The old settlers all have experiences to relate in 
conneotion with bee-hunting and discovery of large yields of honey. 
For ten -or fifteen years past scarcely a bee-tree has been found. 

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The climate of this region is very pleasant most of the year, and 
^ell calculated for the fullest development of all the common crops 
of this country. There has not been kept within the limits of 
Daviess County what is called a " meteorological station, " but we 
are exceedingly fortunate in being offered the use of an extraordi- 
nary diary, faithfully kept by Mr. Joseph Thomas, of Owensboro, for 
about thirty years, commencing with Jan. 22, 1844, the Monday 
after his first marriage. This diary is a marvel of a daily record 
of events, of the weather, and of fine penmanship and correct 
spelling. Little did he think, thirty-eight years ago, that he would 
live to see the substance of it or any part of it in print like this, in 
a, large book ! 

As he generally kept his thermometer in an unoccupied room in 
the house, or in the entrance hall, about ten to fifteen degrees must 
be subtracted from the figures in the first part pf the following 
record, for the winter months, to obtain the true temperature out of 
doors. We have selected and compiled from the diary; to print all 
of it would make nearly two volumes the size of this. The war 
record and miscellaneous matters appear elsewhere in this work. 

For the purpose of this chapter we give only twenty-two years 
(1844-1^65), which is abundant to show the nature of the climate 
of Daviess County. 



Jan. 22. — The winter up to this date has been one of unusual 
mildness, having had no snow of any depth or any ice sufficient to 
skate on. For two months it has rained almost incessantly, and 
the river has been very high, for the season. 

Jan. 25. — Became much colder and by 

Jan. 27, the ice was hard enough to skate on. By 

Jan. 29, it was thick enough to put up. 

Jan. 30. — Ice melting rapidly, for a few hours. 


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Thermometer during the last ten days of the month, 20°to61i° 
Four days were cloudy, with rain or snow. 

Feb. 1. — Becomes warm, with hard rain. 

Feb. 2-10. — Unpleasantly cool, with rain. 

Feb. 11-21. — Very pleasant for the season. Beautiful spring 
weather the last five days. 

Feb. 25-29. — Changeable, but av^eraging warm for this time of 
the year. River falling, but still navigable for large boats. 

Thermometer during the month, 29°- to 67°. 

March. — This month came in stormy — high winds and rain. 
The first day was very warm. 

March 1-14. — Disagreeable; roads muddy; river high enough for 
large boats in the channels. 

March 14-21.— Yariable — snow, rain, and fair weather. 

March 21-27. — Pleasant and warm. River falling rapidly. 

March 27-29.— Rainy. 

March 30. — Snow covered the ground in the morning, but was 
melted away by 2 p. m. 

March 31. — Clear and cool. 

Thermometer for the month 37° (on the 2lBt) to 75° (on the 

April. — 1-14, pleasant, warm, clear; roads in good order. Biver 
falling, but high enough for large boats. Seven steamers paned 
up in one hour. Trees put forth their leaves, and by the middle of 
the month they were in full foliage. Health of the community 

Thermometer, 42° to 85° 

May.— 1-2, cloudy and warm ; 3-7, clear; 8-15, mixed;. 16-1 7. 
rainy; 17-31, occasional showers; worms destructive to crops; 
25, lightning struck the court and market house, but did little 
injury, although the latter was filled with men. 

Thermometer, 60° to 90° 

June. — 1-13, variable; 14-22, rainy, and to 31, very rainy and 
warm. River falling. Therm'ometer 60° to 88°, but seemingly hot- 
ter during the rainy portion of the month, on account of the op- 
pressiveness of the atmosphere. Mississippi higher than at any 
time since 1785. 

July. — This month came in rainy and hot; roads muddy; river 
high, the bar being covered; 20-31, river falling fast. Thermome- 
ter during the month 73° to 94^°. Atmosphere much of the time 

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August. — 1-10, hot, the three o'clock observations of the ther- 
mometer indicating 85° to 90°; clear and calm; river still in good 
order; 8-17, air more bracing; 18-31, slightly cooler. 

September. — 1-10, pleasant; river rising a little, and the Fawn 
resumes regular trips; 18-20, hot; 21, cool; 22-30, river low 
again and no boats going up; can walk dry-shod from French 
Island to Indiana. Pigeons flying. The month generally pleasant. 
Mercury 49° to 92°. 

October. — Pleasant. Some frost. Large boats running. Five 
foggy and ten. cloudy days. Thermometer 38° at 7 a. m. to 80° at 
3 p. M. 

November. — 1-10, clear and pleasant; 10-12, rain, which was 
much needed. Large boats running. Extremes of thermometer 
(7 A. M. to 8 p. M. observations), 33° to 81°. 

December. — 1-8, stormy, — high winds and rain; 9-14, clear, but 
not very cold; 15 to 31, generally calm, and nothing remarkable. 
Extremes in thermometrical observations, 18° to 66°. 


January. — Calm, pleasant and healthful; river in good order; 
11, snow deep enough for sleighing. Thermometer, 32 to 68. No 
ice yet of sufficient thickness for storage. 

February.— 1-9, cool, 27° to 50°; 10-12, warmer; 13-19, cooler; 
20-22, warm; 23-28 moderate. River in good stage; no ice thick 
enough for storage during the whole winter. Thermometer during 
the month ranged from 27i° to 64°. On the 14th a most beautiful 


arch.— Thermometer, 32° to 73°. Eiverhigh. Public health 

good. A pleasant month. 

April.— 1-16, clear and bracing; 15-18, rainy, but river low and 
falling; 19-31, dry, and river very low; large boats not running. 
Thermometer ranged from 39° on the 8th to 90° on the 24th. 

May.— 1, warm,— 72°; 2-9, cooler,— 49° to 72°; river rising 
slowly; 10-31, warm and generally clear; river falling again. 
Health of people good. 

June. — 1-9, warm and dusty; thermometer at 3 p. m., 80° to 93° ; 
9, hard rain; but little tobacco set out; crops promise to be light; 
river commences to rise, and by the 25th attained a good stage. 
Extremes of temperature, 63° to 93°; 19-28, several rains. 

july._l_7, pleasant; 8-31, hot. Four rainy days during the 
month; most of the days, flying clouds. Eiver fell during the 

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month, until it got very low. Crops more promising. Average 
heat during the month, at three p. m., 85f ° ; extremes, 62° to 94° . 

August. — Pleasant; streets dusty until the 8th, when at seven p. 
M. occurred one of the hardest rains ever witnessed here, with wind 
and lightning. Trees and light buildings were blown down. 
Average .heat during the month, 81°. Only the smallest boats can 
ply the river. For clearness, cloudiness and fogs the month was 
about equally characterized. 

September. — 1-5, intensely hot, the 3d being the hottest day of 
the season, — 89°, 95°, 90°. Cool nights set in. People becoming 
sickly. A number of deaths of eminent citizens. Two or three 
frosts during the month. Extremes of temperature, 32° (during the 
night of the 21st) to 95° on the afternoon of the 3d. 

October. — Pleasant; temperature, 42° at 7 a. m. on two mornings 
to 78° on the afternoon of two days. River in good order. Public 
health better. A fine, dreamy Indian summer. 

November. — Indian summer nearly all the month, — frosty 
mornings and sunny days; 4, heavy frost and ice; 23, sudden cold; 
26, snow; 27, 19° out doors; 28, 3° below zero out doors; 29, 30,, 
very cold. 

December. — 1-8, cold; 9, warmer; 10-18, moderate; ice prevents 
navigation; 19-27, very cold; 28-31, much milder; 31, ice running 
out. Ice got to be three or four inches thick during the month. 


January. — Ice heavy enough to put in store, but a part of the 
month the Ohio was navigable. No storms. Record of temper- 
xtu'-e omitted. 

February. — Ditto. 

March. — Nothing noteworthy. 

April. — Temperature 50° to 74° . A little rain, but no storms. 

May. — 1-13, rain almost every day, and river rising; 14-31,. 
warm and cloudy, but not much rain. 

June. — Rainy and river in good order. Thermometer, 61° to 88°, 

July. — 1-14, hotter and hotter; 15, cooler; 16, 17, fire necessary; 
warmer again until 28, when it was very hot; 29-31, hot. A fair 
amount of rain during the month, but river went down until the 
28th, when it commenced to rise rapidly. 

August. — Hotter until the 7th (94°), then steadily warm until 
the 24th, when it dropped to 68° at 7 a. m., then warm until the 
close of the month. River very low. 

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HISTORY 01" DAVIESS cothsttt. 279 

The summer, on the whole, was very wet — not a week of clear 
weather Bince spring. Crops, tolerable; corn, very fine; tobacco, 
poor and worm-eaten; peaches, large and abundant; melons, poor; 
garden vegetables, fine. General good health prevailing. 

September. — "Warm, 8th and 9th particularly hot, and 16th a 
sudden cooling. People unusually healthy. Latter part of the 
month very dry. River low. 

October. — This month came in pleasant, and continued so, on aa 
average, throughout the month. The first frost of the season came 
on the 18th, and was a severe one. Some ice during the remainder 
of the month. Indian summer, especially the 24th and after. 
Navigation was stopped by low water about the middle of the 
month ; between the 22d and 25th it rose so as to be navigable for 
any boat, and by the last of the mouth it was almost as low as ever. 

November. — 1-2, rainy; 3-17, clear, hazy, cloudy and warmer, 
except 5th, when there was frost; 18-20, rainy; 21, frost; 24, first 
snow, which the wet ground melted as fast as it came; 25, wintry 
morning; 26-30, cold and cloudy. 

December. — Exceedingly mild ; 2, 7, 8 and 16, rainy ; very little 
clear weather; the latter part of the month warm enough to sit 
without a fire. 


January. — 1, raining and blowing in the morning ; cleared ofi^ 
by noon ; 1-6, mild ; 6-12, very cold ; all the ice-houses in town 
tilled with ice at least four inches thick; 10, ground covered with 
snow; 11, 9° below zero out of doors; 15, 61° to 69°; 16,31° 
in house; 19, 2° above zero out of doors; 23, thawing fast; 26, 
splendid ice, six inches thick. 

February. — Nothing remarkable in the weather. 

March. — 1-10, rather cool; 11, heavy snow, which probably would 
have measured twelve or fifteen inches in depth had it not been 
thawed away by the warm and wet ground; it snowed all day 
without intermission; river very high; 21, more snow; 25-31, 
very warm for the season, — 35° to 75°; 31, no gardening done 
yet. Roads impassable. 

April. — Cool; spring backward; wet; 18, ice in the morning; 
latter part of the month dry. 

May. — River falling; weather constantly rainless, and the ground 
is baked and the roads dusty; 3, white frost; 8, very cool, 60° the 
warmest part of the day. 

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June. — Pleasant enough ; rain suflScient for the crops, which are 
promising, although corn is not over knee high in many places; 
8, 23, 26, 27, oppressively warm. 

July. — Hot as usual, the 13th being oppressively hot; 10-20, dry; 
21-27, occasional showers. 

August. — Pleasant, — some warm and some cool weather; 88° 
the highest; latter part of the month, very little rain. Crops 

September. — Unsurpassably pleasant as to temperature, but very 
dry and dusty; 15 and 29, frost. 

October. — -Pleasant; heavy frost on the 13th, 15th and 27th; 
river very high by the 26th. Public health good. 

November. — 7, thermometer 76° and a severe storm ; otherwise 
the month was variable but without extremes; several rainy days; 
25, snowed. 

December. — 1-14, pleasant; river very high; 14, snowed all 
day, reaching a depth of 16 inches; drifted some places to a depth of 
four feet; 14-31, cool; river falling. 


January. — 1-8, warm and disagreeable, but the public health 
good; 9, very cold; 10, only 2° above zero; the rest of the month 
clear and moderately cold. 

February. — No extremes. 

March. — Nothing remarkable. Gardens made during the middle 
of the month. The first week was cold, but from the 10th onward 
it grew warmer. 

April. — Two or three light frosts; otherwise nothing remarkable. 

May. — Thermometer 51° to 86°. Several hard rains. 

June. — Thermometer 59° to 89°. Rain moderate. 

July. — 58° to 89°. Very wet; wheat much injured. 

August. — Most of the month cloudy; middle portion sultry. 

September. — Half cloudy. One hard rain. 

October. — 18, first ice. Weather average for the season through- 
out the month. 

November. — 32° to 55°. A little rain on the 4th, considerable 
on the 11th, and the first snow on the 25th. 

December. — First half of the month rainy, muddy, chilly; 9, 
Panther Creek higher than ever known. 

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January. — Still wet and disagreeable, near the freezing point. 

February.— Thermometer 10° to 63° in the hall, averaging rather 
cool. About the 19th some fine ice was stored. 

March. — Yery fair spring weather. Gardens made early. 

April. — Frost on 2d and 15 th. 

May. — Temperature in the open air, 56° to 79°; rain rather lim- 

June. — Sultry; rain abundant. 

July. — 9 and 10 the sultriest days. Some lain the first part of 
the month, and but little toward the last, — which is the average 
for this month. Wheat crop ruined by rust. 

August. — A hot month, with a very little rain. 

September. — Dry and warm; river low. 

October. — 1-6, fair and comfortable; 6, disagreeable, raw; 13-31, 
beautiful weather. 

November. — Thermometer 32 77° Dry autumn; beautiful 

December. — Thermometer 10° in an unoccupied room in the 
house, to 52°; 10, snow; 2 and 15, drizzle; 21 and 28, rain; 30, 
snow. A rather cool, raw month. 


January. — 13, snow eight inches deep; 7, 16, 18, 20, 24 and 25, 

February. — 3, very cold; 4, mercury down to 7 in the house; 
13, 14, sleet and rain, and roads in an awful condition ; 14, heavy 
snow; 25, hard rain; 28, storm. 

March. — 1-8, cool, windy and raw; 10, some ice; 17, hail fell at 
4 p. M., as large as parti'idge eggs; 22, rainy and cold; 23-25, ice; 
26, snow three inches deep; 27, 28, thick ice; 29-31, more spring- 

April. — 7, heavy frost; 13, still wintry; 14, ice covered with 
snow; 18-23, cold rains. 

May.— 1-11, cool; 6, frost; 12-15, heavy rains; spring backward; 
farmers planting but little. 

June. — 1, cool; ^-8, much warmer; 26, very hot day; wheat rust- 
ing; 23-29, most lovely nights. 

July.— 1-4, hot; 5-6, oppressively hot; 6, hard rain; 14, light 
rain nearly all day; 27-31, showery. Wheat crop ruined by rust. 

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August. — Hot; 9, 13, 14, 18, 20, 21, sultry and tedious; 10, at 
3p.m.. a terriiic .storm, the wind a hurricane, doing considerable 
damage; 27-28, rather too cool in the morning to sit without a fire. 

September. — Warm; 4, heavy rain in the night; 14, river very 

October. — 26, ice and frost; 31, warm, 69°. 

November. — 8, heavy frost and ice; 16, first snow, but light; 26, 
severe thunder-storm; 27, more rain. Month average for temper- 
ature. River rising. 

December.— 5, sl^ei; 7, snow; 8, very cold; 12, rain; 14, misty; 
19, drizzly; 22, rain all day; 28, drizzly. River high and rising. 


January. — 1-5, moderate; 7-9, spring-like; 10-29, moderate; 28, 
stormy; 30-'31, cold; good ice. 

February. — 1-7, moderate; 8, 9, spring weather; 10-28, average; 
17, etc., river rising; 23, hard storm; 27, rain and hail. 

March. — 1-6, raw; 7-9, windy; 8, ice; 12, frost; 15, beautiful 
rainbow; 25, frost middle of the month, trees budding; last part, 

April. — 1, warm; 4 and 12, rain; 15, light frost; 21, cold; 22, 
frost and thin ice; 30, cool. Frequent showers during the month. 

May. — 1, chilly; 2, heavy frost and thin ice; many things dam- 
aged; 6, heavy frost again; peaches nearly all killed; 10, warm; 
16, very hot; 17, hard rain; 20-31, dry and warm. ]S"early every 
kind of fruit was destroyed during the month. 

June. — 1-12, dry; 13 and 15, rain ; 30, hot during the day, but 
80 cool at night as to make fire comfortable; 20-30, dry and 
exceedingly dusty. 

July. — 1, cool; 1-6, warm; 7 and 8, very sultry; 13-15, very hot 
and oppressive; rest of the month hot, with considerable rain 28 
and 29. 

August. — 1-10, warm; 11-17, hot, the 17th being the hottest 
day of the season — 95°; 18-31, moderate to hot, with a little rain. 

September. — 1-14, hot; river low; 15-24, moderate; 25-30, 
cool ; 25 and 27, frost ; 29, beautiful northern lights. 

October. — Average to 23d, when there was heavy frost and ice; 
13, 14, river rose a foot, but toward the last of the month fell to a 
very low point. 

Very dry autumn. 

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November. — 5, river rising a little, but directly fell again; only 
two feet of water on the bar; 21, first snow fell — very slight; 27, 
rain ; 29, heavy frost. 

December. — 1-12, moderate; 13-27, cold, on the 17th being 1° 
below zero in the open air;- 28-31, a little warmer. 


January. — 5, snow-storm all day; 10, snow again; 13, 2° below 
zero; 14, fine sleighing, snow six inches deep ; 19,13° below zero 
out of doors; peaches killed; 22, river closed; 29, first boat up 
since 19th ; 30, shore ice broke. On the Ist the river rose three 
feet. A very cold and inclement month. Ice became six to eight 
inches thick, and was beautifully clear. Skating was delightful. 
Snow lay on the ground fiiteen days, a length of time not known 
for many years, 

February. — 1, river rising very fast and full of ice; 4, spring 
day; 6, river clear of ice; 5, 10, 15, 20, 21, 22, 28, rain; 15, hail; 
28, snow also. 

March. — Middle of the month delightful and gardening going 
on; 18, cool and unpleasant; 22,. frost;- latter part of the month 
warm and showery. River rose and fell two or three times, but 
averaged a good stage. 

April. — 1-8, disagreeable; 9, heavy frost; 10-27, rather cool; 
28-30, warm. Whole month rainy; 13, etc., river fell; 25, very 
high; 29, falling. . 

May.— 21, slight" frost. 

June. — 9, cool enough for fire; 10-17, very dry; 18, plenty of 

July. — 7, the sultriest day" of the month. Last part of the 
month, crops suffering from drouth. 

August. — First half of the month, very dry, damaging crops; 
last half, plenty of rain. 

September.— 13, first frost, slight; 20, rained all day; 26, frost; 
last of the month river went down very low. 

October.— 13, heavy frost; river very low all the month; 23, dew 
so heavy that the trees dripped; 18, etc., beautiful Indian summer. 

November. — 1, frost;, 8, frost and ice; 18, first snow to cover 
the ground, but soon melted; 24, rainbow; 7, river rising fast and 
19, falling fast; 23-27, "-horrible" weather. 

December. — Dreary; river high. 

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January. — ^Warm and wet; river high. 

February. — 1-4, warm; rest of the month moderate, some rain, 
sleet, etc. 

March. — 19, heavy frost; 29, frost; some rain, drizzling, etc., 
and on the whole a rather disagreeable month. 

April.— 13, trees budding; 15, heavy frost; 21, hot, 81°; 22-30, 
continues warm during the day but cool nights; 26, frost. River 
rising all the month. 

May. — 1-10, cool, fires needed every day ; 19, very cool ; 20- 
31, dry and dusty. 

June. — Hot, especially the latter part of the month, an unprece- 
dented drouth prevailing; crops dried up, except that corn looked 
well and wheat was fine. River only three feet on the bar, the 
lowest ever known in June. 

July. — 2, the showery season commenced. 

August. — 28, slight frost. 

Fruits plentiful this season. 

September. — Nothing unusual in the weather. 

October. — 3, 4, frost- 11, heavy frost; 24, ice; 27, cold and driz- 
zly; 29, fine frost; river low; 18, lovely Indian summer. 

December. — 12, etc., beautiful weather; 18, first snow. 


January. — 23, 5° below zero. River full of ice most of the 
month and high. 

February. — Nothing remarkable. 

March. — 5-10, an unprecedented amount of rain fell ; 8, some 
trees showing buds; 11, thin ice; 17, peach-trees in bloom; 18, 
some ice; 26 and 28, a little ice again. River very high. 

April. — 1-3, ice; 18, heavy frost and ice; 21-27, warm. 

May. — River in fine order; weather usual. 

Juno. — River falling; 23-30, very hot and oppressive. 

July. — ^Hot; average heat at three p. m., 90J°. Dry and 

August. — 1-2, the two hottest days of the season, — 94° to 98; 
rest of the month hot, especially after the 24th. Average for the 
month at three, p. m., 91.1°. Still dry; everything burnt up; no 
grass. River as low as ever known to be. 

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September. — 4, thermometer 99^°, hottest day ever observed 
here to this date. Hot and dry all the month. Corn crops short; 
hay, oats and wheat very fine ; tobacco fair. 

October. — 1, a good rain, the first of importance since June 2 
the corn crops are short; 5, first Frost. River exceedingly low, 
but raised about three feet near the last of the month. 

November. — 12, first snow, ground covered; 26, river rising a 

December. — 5, ice on creeks strong enough "to bear one up; 
ice three inches thick on the creeks and ponds; 11, heaviest frost 
ever witnessed, — white on trees all day; 12, trees still white 
with frost, and constant fog; 18-31, cold, with some rain at the 
warmest periods; 8, about six feet water on the bars; 17, river 
down again; 26, seven feet on the bars. 


January. — 1, river in fair order, but fell toward middle ot the 
month. Lovely weather about the 16th, but the month generally 
was cold; 23, snow three inches deep; 30-31, ice four inches thick. 

February. — Cold; river full of ice. 

March. — 1, beautiful; 15, river high. First half of the month, 
over six inches of rain. 

April. — 14, trees budding finely; river in fine order; 25, ther- 
mometer reached 90°. 

June. — River in fine order; a fine crop ot wheat; 18, a hurri- 

July. — River well up Garden vegetables abundant and good 
16, high wind and rain, prostrating much of the corn. 

September. — 1-4, very wet weather. Most of the month hot. 

October. — 7, frost and ice; 12, frost; 14-15> lovely weather; 18, 
dusty; 25, heavy frost and ice; 29-31, warm and delightful. A 
wet month. 

November.— 15, 74°, warmest day of the month; 22-24, chilly. 

December. — 27, ice four inches thick. Some warm weather and 
lovely days this month. 


January.— 4, 3 ° below zero; ice seven and a half inches thick; 
5 and 8,"?° below zero; 9, 16° below; 10, 12° below; 17, snow 
melted off; 26, wind, snow and hail; 31, snow four inches deep. 
River full of ice and no navigation this month. 

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February. — J, snowy and sleighing; 3, 16° below zero out of 
doors; 4, 23° below zero; skating on the river; 5, 14° below; 9, 
thaw; 11, sloppy; 19, thawing, and snow nearly all gone; 20, more 
snow; 23, snow gone; 25-29, river full of ice, but navigation com- 
mences. Koads muddy. 

March. — 1, rain, sleet and snow; 2, snow all gone and river clear 
of ice; 4, roads drying out; blustering; 10, thermometer 12°; 1- 
20, river, falling; 27, snowy, chilly day; 31, no signs of spring. 
Farmers complaining of want of rain, 'and tobacco too dry to strip. 

April. — 5, spring-like day. Dry month. River in good order. 

May. — River at good stage all the month; 30-31, slight frost. 

June. — Dry, river low, and latter part of the month hot. 

July.— 15, very hot— 94°; 16, 96°; 17, 99°; whole month dry 
and crops burning up. 

August. — Hot, and a moderate quantity of rain. 

September. — 1-17, hot days and nights; 19, river very low; 22, 
light frost; 24 and 25, heav}' frost, injuring the tobacco crop very 
much; 25, river lower than ever. 

October. — 1, heavy frost; 1-12, very dry and dusty; 13, rain; 
17, Indian summer. 

November. — Dry. Woods on fire. River low. 

December.-— Nothing remarkable. 


January. — 8, ice four to six inches thick; 19, 12° below zero — 
coldest day known up to this time; 22, 8° below zero; 26, snow 
melting away; 28-30, skating on the river. 

February. — 3, ice broke; 8, river rising fast; 10, coldest day of 
this month: river high and fall of ice, in small pieces; 13, river 
clear of ice; and 18, falling fast. 

March. — ^9, coldest day of this month; 19, river becoming very 
low; no packet running; 30, dry weather; 31, shower. 

April. — Remarkable weather; 1-21, fires necessary; 2, 9, 10, 
20, frost and ice; 17, snow; fruits and young tobacco generally 
killed. The last few days it warmed up some and vegetation 

May. — 7, frost; 16-20, cold enough to have fires all day; tobacco 
set out again the latter part of this month. 

July. — 3, fire necessary again, in the morning; 11, 17, 18, 19, 
.25, hot. 

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August.— 2, 8, 11,16, 24, thermometer 90° to 95°. Eiver in 
good order the first part of the month, then went down the re- 
mainder of the month. 

September. — 13 and 14, hot and sultry; 24, light frost. River 
low, and first half of the month dry and dusty. 

October.— 11, 80°; 17, frost and ice; 20, heavy frost. Dry un- 
til the last week of the month. 

Noveniber. — Rather cool. 

December. — Very little winter weather. Some rain. 


January. — A very open winter. Corn crop turns out poorly, on 
account of the freeze in November. Weather has been so wet that 
many farmers are not half done gathering their corn. Tobacco 
crop very large. 

February. — A disagreeable month; 1, snow three inches deep; 
a chilling, disagreeable atmosphere ; 2, snow nearly all melted off; 

10, thermometer 30° in the hall, — coldest day of the winter so far; 

11, ice not over an inch thick; 21, one of the dreariest of days; 
23, ice three inches thick; 27, snow almost gone; 28, sleet, snow, 

March. — 6, ground covered with ice; 8, river in good order; 14, 
summer-like day; 16, everybody gardening; 29, frost. 

April. — 7, trees putting out leaves ; 26, chilly ; 27, frost and ice 
endangering fruit. 

May. — 11, very wet and disagreeably cold; 12, frost; 20, fire 
necessary. Farmers complained of too much rain the first part ot 
the month. River very high. 

June. — 27, thermometer 98°; river falling fast. A wet month, 
and oats for the first time in this region ruined by rust, and wheat 
badly damaged by it. 

August. — A hot month until the 26th; after this time chills 
were prevalent. Wheat small and shriveled. Not enough oats 
in the country for seed. Corn and tobacco look well. River low 

October. — 8, 9, frost and ice. 

November. — 1, raining. During the month were several drizzly 
dismal days. 

December. — Average for the season. 

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January. — Extremes; coldest day, 22d, when tlie thermometer 
indicated 4° duriiio- the night; wannest day, 20th,— thennometer 
65° at 3, p. M. 

February. — Temperature 12° to 72°; some rain; 23, river higher 
than since 1854. 

March. — 32° to 75°; 31, heavy frost. Average amount of 
rain and snow during tlie month. 

April. — 4 and o, frost and ice; 15, extraordinarily windy; 18 
and 24, heavy frost. A very wet month. 

May. — Thermometer 53° to 89°; 10, roses in bloom. River 
fell to a low stage. 

June. — Last week of the month very hot. Good wheat harvest. 
Dust}' about the 9th. 

July.— 13, heat 101°; 14, 99^; 18, 100°; 19, 99°. Roads 
dusty about the 12th, but some rain during the month. River get- 
ting low. 

August. — Usual weather for the month. 

September. — 2, aurora borealis very brilliant; 21, fire neces- 

October.— 6, 7, 10, 19, 28, 30 and 31, frost; 25 and 26, warm. 

November. — 3, beautiful Indian summer; 12, temperature fell 
38° in twelve hours. 

December. — 7, 3°; 8, 6° below zero, and ice three inches 
thick; 9, ice four to five inches thick; 20, snow seven and a half 
inches deep ;| 23, 11° below zero, ice '^in river; 31, 5° by ther- 


January. — 1, zero; 2, 1° below, rest of the month moderate; 
10, roads muddy; 18, river very high. 

February. — 1, zero; rest of month moderate. Some snowy, 
rainy or drizzly and disagreeable days. 

March. — Very early spring; 26, peaches mostly killed. 

April. — 25, frost, and a cold day. 

May. — 21, storm, especially up the river. 

June. — 26 and 30, hottest days of the month — 95°. 

July. — 10, heat 102^°, hottest day evernoticed since 1843, and 
perhaps much earlier; 22, 102°. Month averaged very hot and 

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August.— 3 and 4, heat 100°. Hot month, and a little rain. 
Extremely dusty about the middle of the month. 

September.— 4 and 7, heat 95°. . Some rain during the month. 

October. — 12-15, frosty mornings. A month of good October 

November.— 1, first snow; 9 and 20, chilly and dismal; 26, 
rained uninterruptedly all day, otherwise the month was average. 

December.— 30, 31, coldest days of the month— 12° and 22°. 
A little snow and rain occasionally during the month. 


January. — 1, clear, calm and lovely. 

February. — ^A month of moderate temperature and considerable 
rain ; several days were lovely. 

March. — 24, peach-trees blooming. 

April.— 20, frost. 

May. — Good month for crops. Hail on the night of the 12th. 

June. — Good month for crops. 

July. — Warm as usual. 

August. — Hot and sultry. 

September. — "Warm. 

October. — 23, frost; 28, first biting frost. 

November. — 12, thermometer reached 80°; 29, snow covered 
the ground. 


January. — A steady, cool month, without much freezing, but 
with considerable fog, mist and drizzling. On the 13th there were 
two inches of snow. 

February. — Open. Winter passed, and no ice put up. 

March. — 1, disagreeable; 2, rainy; 6, snow an inch and a half 
deep; 7, snow nearly gone; 11, fine day and roads drying up fast; 
17, heavy frost. River high. Spring late. 

April. — 6, heavy frost. A wet, backward spring. 

May. — Dry and dusty until about the 20th. 

June. — 12, roads dusty; 28, farmers complaining that it is too 

July. — Good weather for the crops. 

August. — Becoming dry, and the river low. 

September. — Pleasant weather, but dry and the river low. 

Eoads exceedingly dusty. 

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October. — A little rain; 12, light frost; 20-23, heavy frosts; 21, 
Indian summer; 25, snowed all afternoon, over two inches deep. 

November. — A rather cool and cloudy month; 14, river has risen 
about two feet. 

December. — Some rain and disagreeable weather; 31, beautiful 


January. — 15, snow twelve inches deep; 16, thirteen inches fall, 
deepest ever known here; eighteen inches deep in some parts of 
the county; 18-21, snow mostly melted away; 17, river rising 

February. — 4, ice two to two and a half inches thick. 

March. — 1-13, wet and cool; 14^23^ nice spring weather; 26, 
ice; 29, cold day; 13, river nearly over Indiana; 31, rain, wind, 
sleet, snow and sunshine. 

April. — 1-3, cold and blustering; 4, frost; rest of the month, fine 
for gardening. 

May. — Dry and warm; rains on the 29th and 30th. 

June. — 16, river only three and a half feet on the bars. 

July. — Characteristic. 

August. — 30, frost, ruining a great deal of the tobacco. 

September. — 19-20, frost, but tobacco not injured much; 29, 30, 
river very low. 

October. — 6, heavy frost, 6-13, dismal; 24-26, frosts; 29, river 

Decemoer. — 6-13, dismal; 16, severe thunder, lightning hail and 
an earthquake; 25, river in good order; 31, stormy night. 


January. — 1, 6° below zero; 2, 1° below; 4, much ice in the river; 
5, ice six inches thick in the ponds; 9, 6° below zero again; 28, 
boats running, the first since the 4th . A cold month. 

February. — Cold and disagreeable,. 

March. — 1, snow about one and a half inches deep; rest of the 
month nothing noteworthy. 

April. — 19 and 20, frost and ice. 

May. — 3 and 12, frost. 

June. — Hot; dry the latter part of the month; crops suffering; 
tobacco crop cut down apparently one half. Cut-worms bad. 

July. — 9, river quite low; a dry month. 

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August. — Eain, increasing during the month. Good navigation 
by the last week. 

September. — 19, first frost, light. 

October. — 9, frost and ice. 

December. — 9, snow, two or three inches deep; 12, ice three 
inches thick; 18, heavy fog all day; packets laid up at Owensboro; 
30, snow three inches deep. 


January. — Some snow. A steady, cool, but not very cold month; 
26-31, river too full of ice for boats to run. 

February. — Weather not remarkable. 

March. — Eiver very high,— over into Indiana. A wet and back- 
ward spring; 30, peach and plum trees in bloom. 

April. — 11, a great deal of rain; farmers worried; 14, frost; 20- 
30, river falling. 

May. — 12, heavy frost and river very high; 14, over into In- 
diana; 19, falling. 

June. — 1-3, dry and dusty; showers during the rest of the month. 

July. — 22, river rising fast; 25, crops injured by hard rains. 

August. — 30, river only three feet on the bars. 

September. — 15, oppressively warm weather; 19, chilly. 

October. — Nothing remarkable. 

November. — 3, first biting frost, but not severe; 5, first ice. 

December. — 15, coldest day of the month, 9° in hall, and ice 
over two and a half inches thick; last week, river high and rising. 


The annual mean of temperature for May, June, July, August 
and September together, as observed at Louisville 1841 to 1871, 
was 56°. 

The highest temperature in Owensboro in 1881, was 103f °, and 
the lowest, 15° below zero, during the following winter. 

In the early settlement of the valley of the Ohio the weather in 
April and May was usually mild and fine, so that corn-planting was 
generally finished during the first week of April. Of later years 
the temperature of these months has changed, so that severe frosts 
in May are not uncommon. May 13 to 18, 1834, there were hard 
frosts every morning. 

May 5, 1803, a snow fell in Kentucky about four inches deep, 
followed by hard frosts for two or three nights; the fruits were all 

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The first " flood " in the Ohio Eiver of which we have an authen- 
tic account since the valley was settled by the whites, was in March, 
1774, when it rose about sixty feet above low-water mark. The 
second was in the winter of 1789-'90, when the settlement at 
Columbia, Ohio, was overflown to such a height that only one house 
remained out of water. The third flood was in 1808. The fourth 
occurred in February, 1832, and was the most disastrous ever wit- 
nessed by white men. From the seventh to the nineteenth of 
February the water continued to rise until, at Covington, it reached 
the height of sixty-three feet above low- water mark. Much damage 
was done to property. The fifth great freshet in the Ohio Kiver 
occurred in December, 1847, and at Louisville it reached a point 
only nine inches below that of 1832, and at Maysville only six 
inches below. A great deal of property was washed away, thou- 
sands of hogs were drowned in their pens, and a number of persDns 
lost their lives. 


The following account we quote from the Saturday Post: 
" The present generation has the honor to see the mighty Ollio 
at the height of its majesty. Even the oldest inhabitant remem- 
bers not the time when the waters came down from the head of La 
Belle Riviere in such mighty volume as during the past week. 
One by one the records of all previous floods have been marked out 
by the great rise of 1883, and in succession the notches reached by 
the flood-waves of 1867, 1853, 1847, 1832 and 1808 have receded 
from view. This is the record of the waters above and may be 
taken as a safe criterion of the extent of the flood at this point. 
Though it might seem an easy undertaking, yet it is a matter of 
difiiculty to ascertain the exact figures concerning the previous 
high-water marks at Owensboro. In recent years the entire river 
front has been changed. Even in the memory of the present gen- 
eration the time was when all tjf Front street, now washed in places 
to a width of only a few feet, was a broad campus, fringed with 
trees. Where the levee now is was once circus grounds, affording 
room to pitch the largest canvas. The levee front has been changed 
from time to time, and thus old marks wiped away, or their reli- 
ability destroyed. After diligent inquiry among many of Owens- 
boro's oldest residents, our reporter feels authorized in the 
statement that the recent stage of the Ohio at this point was the 

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highest within the memory of any living being, save, perhaps, that 
of one, who thinks it was exceeded by the flood of 1808. Of the 
latter statement, though, there are no present marks to verify its 
authenticity. The flood of '32, just fifty-one years ago, has been 
heretofore quoted as the heaviest within the memory of any living 
person, but from the evidence of those who should know here, and 
the reports from Kockport, where the marks are recorded on the 
blufi's, there is reason to pass over the horns to 1883. 

"All during the week the river banks have been lined with spec- 
tators, viewing the mighty expanse of seething waters into which 
the Ohio had merged itself. In fact, river topics have been the 
universal theme of conversation. The moisture that permeated the 
seeping banks seemed to communicate itself to everybody and 
everything. It checked business, commerce and traffic. Men, 
women, and children seemed drawn by an irresistible curiosity 
toward the river, and when they returned to the streets, would 
retrace their steps and again take their stand among the idle spec- 
tators. Many a child was led down to the water's edge by its 
nurse, so that in after years it can point back through memory's 
haze to the great flood of '83. 

" Deep as was the tale of woe which the great roll of waters 
told, yet the crowds that assembled on the banks were not without 
their ludicrous incidents. If there is anything that can move a 
man to the borders of the miraculous it is a flood. It was edifying 
to hear the words of wisdom which flowed from the moutlis of the 
multitudes, on matters heretofore within the peculiar province ot 
history. Men whose fathers' fathers were not here in 1808, quoted the 
family records to prove the exact height of the flood in that mem- 
orable year. The water-marks of 18i7 were freely disputed by 
scores of eye-witnesses who were not then born. 1852 and its 
great rise were quickly disposed of and laid away labeled " settled." 
The rise of '67 was familiar to everybody who got started in the 
debate at all; and doubtless a score of private marks were exhibited 
by persons who made them themselves, at the moment the tide 
reached its highest flood that year. Everybody will make his pri- 
vate bench-mark, noting the lieight of the present flood, and doubt- 
less a stranger who visits the levee when the waters subside will 
have a good reason to conclude from the countless hieroglyphs 
that it was constructed from the remnants of an Egyptian obelisk." 

It is a coincidence worthy of mention that the days on which the 
river reached its highest in 1832 and 1883 were Feb. 17 in both 

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Last week in February, 1882, the Ohio about as high ae in 1867. 
Seven persons drowned at Green River Island. 

Nov. 8, 1832, snow fell eight or nine inches, and the Ohio River 
was closed by Dec. 1. 

Nov. 16, 1833, snow fell to the depth of six inches, and the 
weather was incessantly cold for several weeks. 

Nov. 15, 1836, snow was fifteen inches deep, and lasted until the 
middle of January. 


In "February, 1886, snow measured eighteen inches deep. In 
Novebfiber, 1835, a snow seventeen inches deep accumulated, which 
did not altogether melt away until about the first of April. 

In the early part of 1834 there was a hurricane near Whitesville 
Hiat did considerable damage. In 1844 a hurricane swept from 
llie vicinity of Rockport down through the northeast corner of this 
eoanty. But no lives were lost in either of the foregoing. 

The first week of January, 1879, was the coldest it had been for 
t#enty-two years. On the 3d it was 10° below zero. It was near 
aero for several days. The first week of September, that year, was 
characterized by very heavy rains. Crops throughout the county 
Buffered immense damage, — probably cut down to about one half. 

The heaviest rainfall ever known in Northern Kentucky, in so 
short a time, occurred Dec. 9 and 10, 1847. The creeks and smaller 
streams rose so rapidly as, in some cases, to drive people in their 
night-clothes to the second story of their liouses for safety. 

The annual average of rainfall in Kentucky from 1840 to 1870, 
inclusive, was 60.3 inches. The greatest fall in any one year was 
in 1865, being 60.69 inches, and the least was in 1856, which was 
80 inches. The greatest amount of water falling inside of four con- 
secutive hours occurred May 8, 1843, reaching, 4.37 inches in three 
and a half hours. 

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The lirst court was held in a log building, — probably a dwelling. 
The first regular court-house was a brick structure, erected about 
1819-'20. By the year 1855 the county had so grown that a new 
building was needed; and accordingly a contract was let for erect- 
ing a new court-house, the work to be finished by Oct. 1, 1857; 
but it was not completed until 1858 or '9. It was partly occupied, 
however, in the winter preceding. Its size was 60 x 80 feet, and 
two stories high above the basement. This building was burned 
Jan. 6, 1865,;as described in Chapter YI., the "Civil War." 

Present Court-Rouse. — This was built 1866-'8, on the old foun- 
dation, and of the same dimensions as the previous structure, only 
somewhat higher and differently ornamented. The original con- 
tract, with B. Tribble and W. McLoyd, was for $55,000; but the 
building, with all the finishings and heavy furniture, including 
bell and clock, actually did cost about $63,000. The new build- 
ing was occupied July 6, 1868. In October and November fol- 
lowing the clock was built, by a man from Boston, Mass., and the 
bell, weighing 1,100 pounds, was put up Nov. 27, the same fall. 
The iron fence around the public square was completed June 26, 
1869, and the court-house, in all its furnishings and surroundings, 
was finished in the fall of 1869. 


The first jail was a log building, spiked and finished in the 
usual way, erected about 1819-'20. Its location was on the corner 
of the public square near the present jail. 

The second jail was built of brick, by Mr. Feldpausch, con- 
tractor, and was located within twenty feet of the south line of 
the present court-house. 

The tliird and present jail biUlding was commenced early in 
IRfll. The contract was let the previous year; in 1861 the first 
story was put up, and the next year the second story was built, 


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296 raSTOET OF daviess cootty. 

and the whole structure finished. The jailer's house was built 
during the war. 


This was laid out in the original survey of the town, and -was 
deeded by Robert Triplett to the county for court-house pupppses 
only. In the original deed is also the condition that the truSsees 
of the town have a certain number of feet on the northeast corner 
of the square for a market-house. Since that time there have been 
three market-houses there, but they were all more or less eye- 
sores, and the last one was removed years ago. Forty i'eet have 
been cut off the south side for market grounds, and ier partially 
devoted to that purpose now, the city scales being placed there' 
since 1867. For a long time it was debated whether to build the 
city hall upon this ground. 


About 1845 Geo. W. Triplett was appointed by the County 
Court to purchase a piece of land for a poor farm. Accordingly h& 
bought ITO acres about five miles southeast of Owensboro, on 
the Miller's Mill Road. He employed John Locke as the first 
man to take charge of the place. There was a two-story hewed- 
log house and a cabin or two on the premises. All went down 
during the war. 

In 1868 a frame house, with four rooms and a kitchen, for the 
family, and two other frame houses, with two rooms each, were 
built for paupers. One of these is situate on the southwest, and 
one on the southeast, of the main building, Stables, barns and 
other improvements were also made. This is about the extent of 
the improvements there at present. 

The annual average ot paupers is about eight to ten. Colored 
paupers are kept by private individuals. All paupers are let on 
special contracts, rates being fixed for each individual case. 


The volumes in the county clerk's office, containing copies of 
wills prior to 1867, were lost or destroyed; and the originals of 
many were afterward brought forward and recorded. Since that 
date the record is complete. 

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" In the name of God, amen! 

" This 26th day of August, one thousand eight bimdred and 
fifteen, I, John McFarland, of the County of Daviess,, ati^. State of 
Kentucky, being sick and weak in body, but of sound mind and 
memory, do make, constitute, ordain and appoint this my last will 
and testament, in the following manner and form ; and — 

" First, I order that all my just debts shall be punctually paid 
by my executors hereafter named. 

" Item, I order and devise that my well-beloved wife, Frances 
McFarland,. shall have my negro man Sam, now in possession of 
Abner Lea, and my negro girl by the name of Tilly, one feather- 
bed and furniture, one horse and saddle, and my riding-chair, and 
"two hundred and fifty dollars in cash, to her and her heirs forever; 
and I further order that my negro woman Tabb, and my negro 
boy Johnston be the property of my said wife during ber life, and 
at her death be equally divided amongst her children. 

" Item, I order aud devise that my negroes, Toby, Ldcy and 
child, now in possession of Lewis Odom, shall remain in his poB- 
session until his daughter, Rachel Odom, is eighteen years old; 
and then I order aud devise that my said negro "Toby shall be 
equally divided between Eldred Odom, Patsey Odom an^ Dem(^ 
Odom, to them and their^heirs forever. 

" Item, I order and devise, when my granddaughter, Raehel 
Odom, comes to be eighteen years old, she shall then haye my ne- 
gro woman Lucy and child (now in possession of Lewis Odom) to 
her and her heirs forever. 

" Item, I order and devise that my well-beloved daughter, Mar- 
garet Odom, have twenty dollars of my estate to her and her hdica 

" Item, I order and devise that the County Court of DsviesB 
shall appoint five disinterested persons, any three of them, lo act, 
to divide all the residue of my negroes into five equal shares, giv- 
ing one share to each of my five children, to wit: William McFar- 
land, Leah Glenn, Rachel McFarland, James McFarland and John 
S. McFarland, putting the negroes that are now in possession of 
my son William McFarland and son-in-law William Glenn, upon 
lots by themselves, and add or diminish from the rest to make them 
equal; and it is my will that my son William and William Glenn 
have their choice to keep the lot that has the negroes on it that is 

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now in their possession; and if they refuse to take it they shall 
draw in some eqnitable way with my other three children as above 

"And I further order and devise that all the residue of my 
eetnte that I have not already given away, both real and personal, 
be equally divided between my sons and daughters as hereinafter 
aamed — William McFarland, James McFarland, John S. McFar- 
land, Leah Glenn and Rachel McFarland, to them and their heirs- 

"And lastly, I constitute, order and appoint my well-beloved son,. 
William McFarland, and my well-beloved son-in-law, William 
01enn, executors to this my last will and testament, and I do hereby 
n»vc^e and disannul all other wills by me made, ratifying and 
(KHifirming this only to be my last will and testament. 

" In witness whereof I hereunto set my hand and aflBx my seal 
;ihe day and year first above written. 

"JoHiT MoFabland. [seal.] 

"In presence of 

Joseph D. MoFaelaitd, 
T. D. Obsbokn." 

There is among the archives of the Circuit Court Clerk's office 
of this county a patent for a grant of 6,000 acres of land, made by 
and bearing the signature of Patrick Henry, while Governor of 
Virginia. This patent bears date of I'^S. The writing is legible 
and the paper on which it is written is in a remarkable state of 


Bevohaionary Wa/r. — According to CoUins's History of Ken- 
tucky, the following Eevolutionary soldiers were living in Daviess 
County in 1840, with the ages given: Benjamin Field, aged eighty- 
four; Charles Hansford, eighty; James Jones, seventy-nine, and 
Benjamin Taylor, eighty-four. A further notice is given of Mr. 
Field in the history of Murray Precinct, in this volume. Mr. 
Hansford was the father of William Hansford, now of Utica, this 
county. Mr. Jones used to reside a short distance above Owens- 

War of 1812. — Of the soldiers of this war the following have 
been residents of Daviess County: Jo Daveiss, William Griffith 
(f), Alvin Clark, Colonel Newton, Banister Wall, Abram Balee 
and many others. Clark was wounded in the battle of New Or- 

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leans. Por a eketch of Daveiss see Chapter V. Balee died in 

We clip the following from an Owensboro paper of January, 
1883: Ooe day this week "a messenger might have been seen 
leaving the grocery of Mr. R. B. Nunn, bearing a huge basket- 
ful of the choicest Wares from that well-known establishment. The 
basket and its acceptable contentsr were the gift of Mr. and Mrs. 
Nunn to Mr. Thomas I. Carrico, the only survivor in this section 
of the war of 1812, and it was sent to him on the anniversary of 
the battle of New Orleans, Jan. 8, (1816), at which Mr. Carrico 
and Mr. Nunn's father were present. Mr. Nick Lancaster added 
f^ the gift a decanter of fine old whisky, and it is needless to say 
tlU^t the recipient was truly happy at such kindly remembrance." 

Mewiecm Wa/r. — Geo. W. Triplett raised a company of 102 men 
for tii!8 war, but unwittingly at a time when the State of Kentucky 
WJ* itot ready to receive and equip them. 

Bi September, 1847, under the last call, a special order was 
i^ed to convene the militia of the county, and on the 15th they^ 
were accordingly mustered and marched into the court-house to 
listen to addresses and to volunteer. Decius McCreery and Will- 
lam Bristow were particularly active in raising a company, which, 
on immediately organizing, elected the former their Captain and 
the latter their First Lieutenant. Wm. P. D. Bush was elected 
"Ensign," or Second Lieutenant; I. P. Washburne, Third Lieuten- 
ant, and H. Senour, Orderly Sergeant. 

This company numbered about 100, and part of them were from 
Ohio and Hancock counties. Being accepted by Governor Owsley, 
they left Owensboro on the steamer Meteor Oct. 2; went to the field 
of carnage and did valiant service. They were with General 
S6ott on his march to Vera Cruz. Some of Daviess County's 
volunteers were probably under the command of General Joseph 
Lane, Major John C. Breckenridge and Lieutenant-Colonel Ward. 

These old Mexican war veterans used to meet in Owensboro 
annually for re-unions. Among them was Captain E. C. Berry, 
from Washington County, who died here. Of the fore-mentioned, 
Mr. Bush is the only one living, who is now a lawyer at Frank- 
fort. Captain W. J. Taylor, now living on the forks of Panther 
Creek, is a Mexican veteran, but was not a member of the above 
company. C. O. Clements, of Knottsville, was another soldier in 
hat war. 

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Captain Decins McCreery was a brother of ex-Senator T. 0. Mc- 
Creery. He arrived home here July 26, 1848, bat died in Arkansas 
in 1865. Two of his sons are now living in that State, and two in 

State Guards, 1859. — A compauy of State Guards was organized 
in Owensboro in 1859, with J. H. McHenry, Captain. They met 
for drill, obtained some arms and uniforn^ and were on the point 
of obtaining more when the war came on and broke up the organ- 

Captain McHenry was selected by Governor Morehead, April ,9, 
1858, by lot, along with nine other Captains and their companies 
for service in Utah. He raised and organized a company, but the 
threatened trouble in Utah «nded before he was called into 


Collins's History of Kentucky says : " But two cases of hanging 
have occurred in the history of the [Daviess] county, a negro man 
for rape, in 1838, and Curtis Richardson, Nov. 1, 1854, for murder." 
The latter had murdered a man near Knottsville, and was executed 
on a hill in the southeastern part of Owensboro, since known as 
" Hangman's Hill." He had been famous for killing men, ami 
seemed to know from the start that he would continue in his career 
of crime until he should meet with a violent death either at the 
hands of the law or otherwise. In earlier life he witnessed the ex- 
ecution of some criminals up the river, and remarked on the occa- 
sion that he would be hung himself some day. He undoubtedly 
inherited gross and violent passions, and his attorneys in his last 
trial endeavored to mitigate his punishment by proving that he had 
a decided mania for homicide. He actually seemed to have some 
ambition to show himself off on the scaffold before a large assembly. 

Thomas Landruin was the Sheriff who executed the sentence. 

The negro above referred to was a slave belonging to Mr. 
Shauntee. The scaffold from wliich he was hung was erected near 
where St. Stephen's (Catholic) Church now stands. He was executed 
by E. C. Jett, Sheriff. 

Most cases of murder, homicide, and manslaughter occurring in 
this county since 1843 are given for convenience sake, toward the 
conclusion of the chapter on Owensboro, in a journal mainly com- 
piled from J. Thomas's diary. A few prominent criminal cases are 
Teferred to in the biography of Judge James Stuart, in Chapter IX . 

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T\^o or three remarkable cases we relate here, as we have no other 
appropriate place for them, namely, the 


About thirty years ago this man was murdered in his bed, one 
night, for his money. He was a farmer, about ten miles south of 
Owensboro, and South of Panther Creek. He had just been deliv- 
er.'ng his tobacco, and was supposed to have considerable money 
about him. It was in the summer, and he was sleeping with the 
door of his room slightly ajar. The murderer entered the room 
with an ax, and struck him about the eyes with the poll of that 
heavy implement. His wife was awakened by some one firing a 
weapon in the room. 

No clae was ever obtained to the tnnrderers. Many ugly stories 
have been told concerning Mr. McFarland's family affairs, with a 
view of elucidating the mystery; but as nothing has ever been 
proved in court, we do not rehearse them here. 


About 1862 or '3, this man, who was a son-in-law of the preced- 
ing, started for Owensboro one day when there was a little snow on 
the ground; but it appears that he never got more thaaa mile and 
a half on his way; for in a neck of timber about that distance from 
home hisbuggy was afterward found standing in the road, and him- 
self lying dead near by, with three or four stabs about iiis body, 
each BO severe and direct as alone to be fatal. This deed has been 
supposed to be perpetrated by " Tony," one of his negroes, who 
had been ordered to shell corn in the crib that day. It is supposed 
that as soon as Mr. Fields commenced his journey, Toney left his 
crib and ran until he overtook his master, and after murdering 
him, returned hastily to his work at the crib, to avoid saspicion. 
Tony was himself killed sometime afterward. 


The following event occurred in Owensboro, Aug. 15, 1872. J. 
M. Carlin was the only witness to the affair, and testified before 
the examining court that he was in the clothing store of Lod Duke, 
the accused, and sitting ipon the counter, Lod being behind the 
counter in conversation with him. Josh Duke came in and stated 
that he wanted to settle u ) their business that week, and wanted 

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the money due him. Lod told him to go on, they would fix that 
some other time. Joshua threatened if money due him was not 
paid, he would box up the goods in the store; Lod said he reckoned 
not. Joshua replied in an angry tone, that he would show hi n, 
and ran into a hack room. Lod then began to take his pistol out 
of his pocket. Carlin caught his hand and he returned his pistol 
to his pocket. Joshua came in with pistol in hand; Carlin caaght 
each by the arm, when Lod told Josh Duke to go on, that he 
wished no diflSculty. Joshua thereupon jerked loose from Carlin 
and shot around at Lod. The latter then returned the fire, shoot- 
ing once or twice. The examining court, Judge Triplett presiding, 
after hearing the evidence, acquitted the accused on the ground ot 
self defense. The parties were respectably connected, and had 
been in business together in Owensboro for several years; and, but 
for the absurd practice of carrying concealed weapons, the unfor- 
tunate aflfair would probably not have happened. Joshua Duke 
lingered in great agony until the following Monday, when he 
breathed his last. 


The growth of what may be termed the " Public School Sys- 
tem " of this State has been very gradual. At first none but pri- 
vate schools were sustained, which, of course, were very poor, or 
■wanting altogether in the poorer or thinly populated districts. In 
the course of time a small State fund began to grow, from the pro 
ceeds of certain lands. To Daviess County there was originally 
(Feb. 10, 1798,) donated about 6,000 acres ofy:a.6antiandfOT-«J3hool 
purposes. These lands, in the nature afrhings, yielded but _ 
small revenue until the increase of population made them valuable. 
Even now most public schools have t(/ be sustained principally by 
special tax, and the people are generally very loth to vote a levy 
upon themselves for school purposes. Even as late as 1882 the pro- 
posed tax of two cents upon each $100 worth of property was voted 
down by 2,007 against 707. 

June 23, 1836, Congress appropriated $1,433,757 to Kentucky 
for educational purposes, but the Legislature afterward reduced 
this amount to $850,000, devoting the rest to other objects. The 
State felt free to do this, because she had not promised to devote 
the whole grant to education. This is the origin and principal 
resource of the permanently invested school fund, from the interest 
of which, for many years, the public sciool revenues of Kentucky 
have been derived. 

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In 1838 the first law was enacted for the establishment of a gen- 
■eral system of common schools in this State; but for ten years the 
system languished and struggled with feeble life and doubtful 
success, under the ruthless hands of unsympathizing and crude 

Dp to 1843 there had been in this State only $2,604 for the ben- 
efit of common schools, while there was $116,375 of interest due 
and unpaid. 

The first successful movement inaugurated for the grading of 
any public school in this county was made in 18 TO in Owensboro. 
This year there were eighty school districts in the county of 
Daviess, and sixty-three schools were taught during the year. The 
amount disbursed for their maintenance was $4,846.60. In 1882- 
'3 there are ninety-three districts for white children and fifteen 
for colored. The amount of money paid during the year for their 
maintenance is $11,000. The number of children in attendance, 
including Owensboro, is 7, 837. Amount of money paid for col- 
ored schools is $1,800, from the State fund. 


Besides the numerous temperance orders noticed elsewhere in 
this volume and the Washingtonian movement, and a score of 
other general temperance revivals, enterprises and schemes com- 
mon to every civilized community, Owensboro and vicinity, about 
six months after the Murphy movement started in the coun- 
try, was pretty thoroughly taken with the blue ribbon pledge, as 
introduced by Judge James Stuart. It seems that he was converted 
to the cause in a neighboring county, and immediately upon his 
return to Owensboro he announced that there would be a mass 
meeting at the court-house on a certain evening, when addresses 
would be delivered, and plans proposed concerning temperance. 

The evening came, and the court-room was crowded. The Judge 
then had the door locked, in order to secure perfect quietness. 
He delivered an eloquent appeal, and circulated the Murphy pledge, 
which required total abstinence from all alcoholic, vinous and 
malt liquors. Seventy-two signed the pledge that night, and in a 
few days the signers reached 400 in number. On the second night 
John Weir addressed the people, and 200 more went forward. 
Subsequent meetings were addressed by W. T. Ellis, Baker Boyd, 
and John P. Barrett, of Hartford. Music was given by the " Mur- 
phy choir." 

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Everything passed off smoothly for about ten days, when the 
Judge had to leave. The people, especially the youth, were en- 
thusiastic, and worked with a determined will and direct aim. 
After the first, the meetings were held in Hall's Dramatic Hall. 
The numbers joining the movement soon swelled to 1,200 or 1,400._ 
The blue ribbon was their badge. Soon after Mr. Stuart left the 
city, certain officious parties ahroad desiring to visit the place, 
and have a " finger in the pie, " wrote to him for an invitation; 
but he, fearing the consequences, discouraged their coming. They 
came, nevertheless, and, true enough, dissensions soon began to 
arise. After considerable effort, Mr. Stuart succeeded in getting 
them away. 

A purse of $5,000 or $6,000 was made up by subscription to 
buy property for reading-rooms, etc. ; but before the necessary 
plans could be matured, Mr. Stuart had to leave on official duty 
and the cause went down, amid the contests ©f jealous friends. In 
the spring, about four months afterward, a municipal election came 
on, the inevitable license question came up, and the consequent 
heated controversy fixed permanent walls between friend and 
friend. The necessary meetings were more and more thinly at- 
tended, many went back to their old drinking habits, and the Mur- 
pliy or "blue'ribbon" movement finally, like the streaks of mor|i- 
ing cloud, faded away into the dim azure of the past. 

The "Woman's Movement, " which inundated so many places dn 
the Northern States, never gained a foothold in Owensboro, or in 
the county anywhere. A proposition to inaugurate it here was dif- 
fidently, made by one or two ladies, but some ugly articles appeared 
in the city papers, threatening violence and resulting in a rancoroua 
discussion, and the " motion was withdrawn. " 

It will not be inferred from the foregoing failures that the blue 
ribbon movement, or any other temperance movement, has been 
entirely unproductive of good. The most of them have done a 
great deal of good — indeed, sufficient to justify the outlay of money 
and consumption of time attending them. 

For farther history of temperance societies and movements, see 
chapters on "Owensboro" and the respective precincts. 


The Fourth of July, 1871, was celebrated in Owensboro in a 
magnificent manner. The day will long be noted aa one most 
agreeable in its annals. There was a grand display of the various 

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industries of the community, in a procession composed of large, 
wheeled platforms, elaborately ornamented and illustrated by the 
industry they were designed to represent. The exhibition was con- 
tained upon one six-horse wagon, ten four-horse wagons, eighteen 
two-horse wagons, and twelve one-horse wagons. Arriving at the 
Fair Grounds, the assemblage listened to a fine reading of the Decla- 
ration of Independence by W. T. Ellis, Esq., and an instructive and 
eloquent address by James Stuart, the orator of the day. Feasting 
and fun followed. Captain G. L. Dear was the Marshal of the day; 
and for the success of the occasion credit is chiefly due James 
Bowlds, C. C. Gatlett, C. Zuckriegel, C. Green, S. Kuntz and J. 

July 4, 1872. — "The Glorious" this year was ushered in with no 
explosions of fire-arms or display of flags. Nothing disturbed the 
serenity of nature until the reverberating noise of the steam-whistle 
of the steamer Mary Ament was heard, about eight o'clock. The 
citizens left their shops and houses and made their way to the whart 
to witness the arrival of the Odd Fellows' delegations that were ex- 
pected to arrive. A hundred or more disembarked, accompanied 
by a fine band of music, and made their way to their appointed 
quarters. Shortly after ten o'clock the Odd Fellows' procession 
was formed and moved through the streets in the following order: 
Brothers Lodge, of Owensboro; Hawesville (Ky.) Lodge; Eock- 
port (Ind.) Lodge; Grand View (Ind.) Lodge; Harigari Lodge, 
of Owensboro, and the Mechanics' Association. The procession 
was preceded by the Rockport brass band. After reachingthe Fair 
Grounds, the theater of the day's ceremonies, the assemblage was 
entertained by a well-conceived and delivered address, by Professor 
Chase, of Louisville. Not less than 4,500 persons were present. 
Eating, dancing and various amusements were the order of the 
day. The receipts amounted to several hundred dollars. 

The colored people celebrated the day by gathering at Paradise 
Garden, where they were addressed by Thomas E. Curtcher and 
Thomas Botts, two talented young lawyers. 

July 4, 1874, was appropriately celebrated in this county by a 

Masonic barbecue at the Fair Grounds. The Monitor observes 

that " it was decidedly the grandest success in that line that has 

ever taken place here, and everytliing possible was done to render 

the day a joyful one." There was of course a grand procession of 

Grangers, Knights of Pythias, Odd Fellows, Harigaris, Knights 

Templar and Freemasons. At the grounds addresses were delivered 


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by Hons. C. G, Winterstnith and John Young Brown. The gross 
anaoiint realized from the barbecue was $1,400, which was remark- 
able considering the stringency of the times. Thomas S. Fettit 
was Grand Marshal of the day. 

Tde Liederkrantz Society had a pleasant time at Floral Fark. 


The fall of 1866 found the people in many portions of the South- 
ern States in a destitute condition on account of the ravages of war 
and a desolating drouth. A committee was appointed for Daviess 
County, consisting of Thomas H. Fointer, Robert G. Moorman, J. 
C. Maple, W. B. Pegram and T. 0. McCreery, who appointed snb- 
committies throughout the county, to collect and forward contribu- 
tions of corn, meat, clothing and money. On other occasions, also, 
Owensboro has exhibited a marked degree of liberality. See 
chapter on "Owensboro." 


I 'May 7, 1881, a large mass-meeting was held at the court-house to 
consider .tlie propriety of organizing a branch of the Irish Land 
League. J. D. Shortell was made Chairman, and George F.' 
Haynes, Secretary. A series of enthusiastic resolutions were 
adopted, and addresses were made by R. W. Slack and Rev. F. M. 
J. Rock, after which forty-two members placed their names on the 
roll, and $85 were subscribed to the funds of the League. J. D. 
Shortell was elected Fresident; Rev. Mr. Rock, Vice-Fresident; 
Edwin F. Millett, Secretary, and R. W. Slack, Treasurer. Over 
$100 was collected and duly forwarded to headquarters. 


This term relates to the remains of art left us by aboriginal 
nations; as, mounds, skeletons, arrow-heads, skinning-hatchets, 
stme-axes, pottery, ornaments, etc., most of which in this country 
Were made by the Indians, and some possibly by other and more 
c vilized nations which preceded them. Many ethnologists believe 
that the tribes of Indians which the whites are now driving out of 
this country, at some stage of their former national existence, 
were fully adequate to the building of all the mounds and the 
manufacture of all the implements of the chase and of warfare 
which we now find scattered all over the West. Indeed, it is not 

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really certain tliat any different race of people ever existed in this 
country. However tliis may be, we find within the limits of 
Daviess County many of these ancient remains of art, of wliicli a 
number of collections have been made. 

W. L. Burtoii's Collection. — W. L. Barton, attorney at law, 
Owensboro, has a very line collection of Indian relics and geologi- 
cal specimens. Of stone axes he has one made of hard sandstone, 
and weighing about iive pounds; and a long-polled specimen, of 
blue limestone, of about four pounds' weight. Of flint hoes, 
spades or other digging implement of some kind, there are sev- 
eral good specimens in this collection; also, pestles and mortars, 
or "grist-mills," by which the aborigines of this land ground up 
their corn, acorns, paints and medicines. These consist simply of 
a biscuit- shaped piece of hard stone of any kind, hollowed out a 
little on one side, and of another piece of very hard stone, some- 
what oblong in form , used as the pestle or pounder. The smaller 
ones, weighing but a few ounces each, are supposed to have been 
used for grinding paints, and the larger ones for paints and 
various articles of food. One specimen of pestle is about the size 
and shape of a small rolling-pin, and may have been a pestle or a 
war-club, or both. Its weight is about five pounds, and it was 
found in McLean County. Some pestles were bell shaped. 

Of arrowheads Mr. Burton has a large quantity of fine ones, 
most of which have been picked up within the bounds of Daviess 
County. They are usually of blueish-gray flint, and vary in size 
and shape materially. He also has a modern Indian arrow, 
mounted, or set in the rod. It is small, but very neat. 

Of Indian pipes there are some of the oddest specimens in this 
cabinet. A verbal description of them would be unsatisfactory. 
One is made of a white sand or limestone, and a huge one, of the 
same material, is painted a brownish-red color, in exact imitation 
of the color of the pipe-stone clay of Minnesota. This specimen 
weighs nearly four pounds, and was found in Indiana, in a mound 
near the "Wabash. One pipe, made of white clay and of a fancy 
shape, is supposed to be a peace pipe. 

Of ancient American pottery Mr. Burton has several magnificent 
specimens. Two are almost globular, with a rim around the 
mouth at the top, and projections on the bottom to keep them in 
a standing position. One of these would hold about a pint and a 
half, and the other a quart. One has two ears, and the other four, 
as if to be held by a bail. There are two larger vessels, in shape 

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somewhat between a jug and an urn, from Arkansas; also, handles 
to household vessels, of fancy shapes.. One has an image of a 
squirrel's head attached. 

In the mounds the pots are always found enclosed by the arm 
of the skeleton of the mound-builder, and the pipes are found near 
the mouth. 

In this collection there are also a few Indian skulls, teeth, etc., 
from the mounds, in which the archaeologists say they were 
buried over 400 years ago. 

As almost every archseologist has also a few geological speci- 
mens, we will mention that Mr. Burton has a few very fine pieces; 
as, of Lepidodendron and leaf marks, from Tell City, Ind. ; fossil 
shells, from the Devonian formation; mushroom coral; crinoidal 
stems; lithographic stone, from Edmonson County, Ky.; a petrified 
gate-pin, from Breckenridge County, near the -Falls of Rough 
Creek, and many smaller curiosities. 

Other parties throughout the county have a greater or less num- 
ber of Indian relics; as, pestles and mortars, grist-mills, pieces of 
pottery, etc. A specimen grist-mill consists simply of two stones: 
one weighing six pounds, hollovred out a little on one side, with a 
pestle weighing one and one-fourth pounds. They are made 
apparently of bowlder granite. 

Mounda, etc. — There are some Indian mounds in Daviess 
County, especially along the Ohio River from Yelvington down to 
the vicinity of Bon Harbor. At Iceland Landing are a number of 
mounds containing specimens of aboriginal handwork, such as 
knives, axes, hammers, polishers, small mortars and pestles, pipes, 
etc. Also, the bones of a race of men are sometimes found, which 
must have averaged eight to ten feet in height. The jaw-bones 
found easily fit over the jnw of the largest man now living. 

Two or three aboriginal burying grounds have also been discov- 
ered in this co'inty; but the graves are generally only four feet 
long, two to two and a half feet wide, and about as deep as wide. 
The dead (and some of the living also, according to one authority) 
were buried in these graves in a sitting posture. Near the head of 
each skeleton is generally found a pipe, and in the hands a tomahawk 
or other implement. Every grave is lined with slate or flat sand- 
rock, without mortar. 

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This association was orgariizcl about ISTCi, with II. II. Tavloi', 
President; James M. Alsop, Vice-President; George A, AVilliams, 
Secretary, and Poj Hathaway, Treasui-er. A Cdnstitution and by- 
laws were adopted, according to whicli the re;rular meetings were 
to be held raonthl3^ The number of members at firbt was about 
fifteen; there are now twenty, which is the constitutional limit. 
The same officers have generally been re-elected from year to year 
until the present time. 

The principal object of the club is to have hunting excursions 
each spring and fall. As a sample of the good times they have, ue 
instance their encampment on Green River, about four miles above 
Livermore, commencing Oct. 20, 1881, when they had with them 
three fine cooks, two sleeping tents, a dressing tent, and a stable 
tent. They caught a fair quantity of game and fish, and drank 
mineral water, etc., sang, played and danced, having a violin and 
guitar with them, and several of tliem being trood singers. 

This club is one of the finest equipped in the State, and four of 
them on the occasion referred to had the reputation of being tlie 
best shots in the county; namely, Z. L. Taylor, J. M. Also]'), Barncft 
Kelly and Wallace Ilerr. They visit different grounds each 
year in tliis and adjoining counties, sometimes other States. Last 
year tiicy went to Southwestern Atissouri; had a good time, 
altliough, on account of the floods, they did not secure an abuii- 
danceof game. One good hunting-ground, especially for fishing, 
which they visit, is intlie riorthwe-t extremity of the count;y, opp i- 
site a point below iMiterpriso. Ind., where there is a lake, su])[ilied 
by overflow from the river. It is ab,)ut 200 yards in width ai d 
over a mile long. 

Barnett Kelly, who has ]irol)ably killed more deer than any 
other man in the country, is now living in Owensboro, un the 
Henderson Road. Otlier noted hunters in Daviess County have 
been: John II. McFarland, wlio has in his day been a fine deer- 
hunter, still a resident (.if Owcnsboro; Eilbeck Bairoii, now liviiig 
in Ohio County; Gibson Tayloi-, fatiun- of R. 11. Taylor, now aged 
seventy-two years, and a lesidcnt of Yclvington Precinct for the 
last fifty years. These men have all had their training and first 
experience in the primeval forest, wJien game was ])lentiful and the 
chase far more exciting than it is at the present day. 

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" Iiinnodiatel}' alter the organization of this count\-, nainelj', 
June 23, 1815, a license was issued for the marriage of Samuel 
McCuy and Jane Helm. Two days afterward the following was 
recorded in the countj clerk's office: 

" A certificate of the marriage of the parties aforesaid was re- 
turned on the license as follows, to-wit: Agreeable to command 
of the within license, I joined together in the holy state of mar- 
ringe the within named Samuel McCoy and Jane Helm, on the 
25th day of June, 1815, according to the forms and ceremonies of 
the church to which they belong. 

Daniel T. Pinkston, M'ln. 

Attest: William R. Griffith, Olerh. 

marriage record. 

The record of marriages in Daviess Countj' is complete, and in 
convenient form for reference. Below we give a list of the mar- 
riages to the close of 1820: 


June 23. — Samuel McCoy and Jane Helm. 

July 27. — Robt. Galloway and Catharine Souerheber. 

Aug. 7. — Caleb Hedges and Polly Davis. 

Aug. 7.— William Lock and Elizabeth Mothrell. 

Aug. 9. —John D. Arbono and Harriet C. Lumpkins. 

Sept. 11. — John Tribbleand Nancy Barnett. 

Nov. 27. — John Field and Rachel McFarland. 

Dec. 30. — John Neighbours and Caty Liggett (widow). 


March 15. — John Johnston and Lncy Huston. 
May 13. — Bannister Wall and Sally Thompson. 
May 18. — Hugh Barnett and Polly Cummins. 
June 10. — John Gates and Lydia Edwards. 
Aug. 9. — Thomas Metcalf and Elizabeth Jones. 
Oct. 14. — Jesse Spray and Mary Travis. 
Oct. 18.— John McFarland and Elizabeth Griffitii. 
Nov. 6. — Azel Aterbury and Vina Lay. 
Nov. 25. William Beal'l and Elizabeth Bcall. 
Nov. 28. — George Gilmore and Patsy Isbell. 

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Dec. 6. — Ililleiy Bealland Margaret Adams. 
Dec, 9. — Philip Thompson and Sally Mosley. 
Dec. 9. — John Roberts, Jr., and Mary Mosley. 
Dec. 21. — John McDaniel and Jane Adams. 


Jan. 0. — Abraham Shutt and Elizabeth Humphrey. 
Jan. 13. — Winston Martin and Polly Pinkston. 
Jan. 24. — William Terrell and Ann Caldwell. 
Feb. 4. — Ephraim Thompson and Susan Grigsby. 
Feb. 4. — Cyrus Pinkston and Delilah Pinkston. 
Feb. 2G. — James Jordan, Jr., and Jane Glenn. 
March 15. — Samnel Piles and Elizabeth Calhoon. 
March 21. — John Briant and Milly Pinkston. 
March 21. — Beiij. Stidham and Leanna Hohnark. 
May 5. — Kalpli Calhoon and Lucy Glenn. 
May 15. — John B. Blackwell and Kancy Hellms. 
July 8. — James Hellms and Rachel Taylor. 
July 8. — William McFarland and Frances Field. (No certificate 
marriage recorded.) 

July 10. — David Hamilton and Elizabeth Crabtree. 

July 21. — James Bartlettand Una Lay. 

Aug. 1. — William Sisk and Ann Brown. 

Sept. — John Barnett and Jjcah Howard. 

Sept. 30. — James C. Barnett and Delilah McFarland. 

Oct. 30. — John W Crow and Cynthia McCreery. 

Nov. 26. — James Roman and Elizabeth Brooks (widow). 

Dec. 30. — Gabriel Hart and Mary May. 

18 IS. 

Jan. 6. — Robert Wood and Millay Briant. 

Jan. 5. — Abner Basset and Nancy Galloway. 

Feb. 3. — Joseph Davis and Sally Myers. 

Feb. 3.— William M. Jones and Ollie Ma>. 

Feb. 24.— John Totteti and Editha Vandike. 

Feb. 17. — Robert Lamb and Polly Briant. 

March 4. — Joseph Riggs and Lucy Dicken. 

Apr. 8.- Reuben Field and Agness Barnett (widow). 

Apr. 11. — Harrison Adkins and Polly Smith. 

A]jr. 15. — (.xeorge Tribble and Elizabeth Bingham. 

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May 8. — Jesse Lockett and Sally Bates. 
May 30. — Nathan Arterberry and Lavise Arterberry. 
June 3. — Willis Duncan and Frances Frazier. 
June 19. — John Davis and Elizabeth Miller. 
June 25. — James Newton and Fanny Field. 
Aug. 2. — William R._ Duncan and Kitty Roberts. 
Aug. 4. — Groves Howard and Elizabeth Moore. 
Aug. 22. — Daniel Brown and Jane Hale. 
Aug. 26. — Joseph S. Webb and Ann Vandike. 
Sept. 5.— Thomas W. Palmer and Sarah Wells. 
Sept. 8. — Nace Overall and Amelia H. Daveiss. 
Sept. 8 — Benj. B. Lockett and Jane Gary. • 
Oct. 27. — George Calhoon and Mary Gillmore. 
Dec. 14. — John Gabbert and Polly McKenny. 
Dec. 15. — -John Howard and Margaret Moore. 
Dec. 12. — Josepli McDaiiiel, Jr., and Rhody Kirk. 
Dec. 16 — Baptist Mattox and Leah McDaniel. 
Dec. 26. — Michael Coyle and Mary Black. 
Dec. 29. — Jeremiah Lncas and Susanna May. 
Dec. 30.— John Myers and Polly Bassett. 


Jan 8. — Aaron Taylor arid Lydia Maxon. 

Jan. 13. — Pleasant Cox and Charlotte Wyley. 

Jan 18.— William Medcalf and Elizabeth Brown. 

March 21. — ^^ William Tanner and Anna Brown. 

March 27. — John H. Priest and Isabella Grigsby. 

March 28. — Morgan Hawkins and Sally Helms. 

Apr. 16.— Elisha Barker and Polly Huff. 

Apr. 24. — William McFarland and Patsey Chambers. 

May 8. — John W. Pattern and Nancy Anderson (widow). 

May 13. — Moses Lang and Isbel Mclntire. 

May 10. — Walker Glover and Sarah McFarland. 

Aug. 11. — Lewis Riley and Cassandra Pedicord. 

Sept. 11. — Jacob Phigley and Elizabeth Gibson. 

Sept. 10. — Zachariah Galloway and Margaret Pearson. 

Sept. 25. — Martin Richardson and Parmelia Lockett. 

Oct. — Hiram Jones and Sally Taylor. 

Oct. 10. —Thomas Martin and Sally Winkler. 

Oct. 10. — Ezekiel Hedges and Polly Tanner. 

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Oct. 23. — Joseph Taylor and Elizabeth Grannay {alias Sally 

Nov. 10. — Henry Courtney and Harriet Lumpkins. 
Nov. 11. — Edward Shown and Fenita T. Pinkston. 
Nov. 17. — John Sanders and Hannah Stephenson. 
Dec. 4. — S. T. Hynes and Elizabeth H. Thompson (no return of 

marriage recorded). 
Dec. 21. — Leonard Jones and Polly May. 


Jan. 3. — Levi S. Scott and Sally Lawrence (no certificate of 
marriage recorded). 

Jan. 6. — John Jeffords and Polly Rice. 

Jan. 6. — James Egleheart and Ellen Humphrey. 

Jan. 10. — Harry Owen and Eliza Howard. 

Jan. 10.— Terry Thorp and Polly E. Howard. 

Jan. 24. — George Metcalf and Elizabeth Winkler. 

Jan. 24. — Richard L. Maynard and Lucy Davis. 

Feb. 2. — Owen Howard and Polly Howard. 

Feb. 18. — Cecilius Hood and Mary Mo Daniel. 

Feb. 15. — James Nelson and Snsannali Crews. 

Feb. 21. — Zach. Field and Amelia Tanner. 

March 2. — William Brown and Anna E. Atherton. 

March 25. — John McCracken and Peggy Hall (no certificate re- 

March 25. — Benj. Duncan and Nancy Beauchamp. 

May 10. — Sam'^iel Carbot and Sully Timmons. 

April 13.— William R. Griffith and Area Mosely. 

May 31.— Henry W. Clark and Sally Clark. 

June 9. — David Barnett and Agnes Hodges (no certificate re 

June 15. — John Gaither and Rebecca Bell. 

June 28. — Thomas Tanner and Nancy Davis. 

July 6. — Nicholas G. Worthington and Eliza White. 

Aug. 1. — William May and Mrs. Catharine Cook. 

Aug. 7. — William Clark and Catharine Timmons. 

Aug. 15. — Andrew O'Neal and Ann Higgins. 

Aug. 24. — Russell Isan and Mary Ann Perry. 

Aug. 24. — James M. Rogers and Jane Adams. 

Sept. 13. — John Glenn and Elizabeth Allen. 

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Sept. 11. — Smith Akes and Martha Chamberlain. 

Oct. 14. — Jacob Crabtree and Elizabeth Travis. 

Oct. 14. — William M. Kelms and Catharine Hnsk. 

Oct. 31.— Renben Harris and Elitha Akes. 

Nov. 1. — James x\rchibald and Patience Taylor. 

Nov. 3. — Hezekiah L. Priest and Patsey Lumpkins. 

Dec. 21.— William Kirkham and Annis Rogers. (No certificate 

Dec. 27. — William Howard and Polly Moore. 

Dec. 27. — John May and Patsey Davidson. 

In compiling the foregoing list of names we found numerous 
contradictions in their orthography, and therefore some ot them 
are doubtless spelled wrong here. In one instance tliere occurred 
what appeared to be a dating back by half a year; and in another 
the parties married were not the parties licensed to '~<^ married. 

The annual number of marriages, for the last ek. _ years, have 
been as follows : 






In October, 1811 (or 1814, according to pne authority), Fulton's 
steamboat, called the New Orleans, intended to run from that 
city to Natchez, left Pittsburg for its point of destination. Late at 
night on the fourth day after quitting Pittsburg it arrived in s ifety 
at Louisville, having been but seventy hours descending upward 
of 700 miles. The novel appearance of the vessel, and the fear- 
ful rapidity with which it made its passage over the broad reaches 
of the river, excited a mi.Kture of terror and surprise among many 
of the settlers on the banks, whom the rumor of such an invention 
had never reached; and it is related that on the unexpected arrival 
of the boat before Louisville, in the course of a fine, still moon- 
light night, the extraordinary sound which filled the air, as 
the pent-up steam escaped from the sonorous pipes, produced a 
general alarm, and many arose from their beds to ascertain the 
cause. Some even thouglit the c~ et, whicli had been in view 
some time previously, had fallen r;. j the river. The escape of 

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steam from the old-style engine was much more sonorous than from 
the modern engine, through tiie condenser. 

The water on the falls did not allow the New Orleans to pass 
down immediately, and she consequently economized her time by 
plying between Louisville and Cincinnati; but toward the last of 
November she was able to pass the rapids and " astonish the na- 
tives " along the shores of Daviess County. 


" Charley Boss,'' Co/ored.Sand-dy nigli: of Nov. 4, 1877, it 
was Mr. Koss' turn to stay at liome up town and " nuss " the baby 
while his wife attende 1 church. In his front room he rocked his 
little Charley to sleep, and, taking the slumbering infant in his 
arms, he sought the nursery and snugly tucked the little fellow in 
his bed. Imprinting a kiss upon his tirst-born, he returned to his 
family room, there to await his wife's return. He dozed off into a 
sleep, but was shortly awakened by a noise in the nursery. Alarmed 
at once lest some danger had befallen little Charley, he rushed 
frantically from his room into the nursery, up to the bed, and, in 
his excitement, he noticed no Charley there. 

The father was wild with grief. " Kidnapped! kidnapped!" he 
said, and rushed madly into the street, down to the church in the 
extreme lower end of the city, where worshiped his wife, and in 
one last, long, lingering cry, yelled, " Little Charley has been 
stolen !" and sank down exhausted. The excitement was indescrib- 
able. His friends made all haste from tlie church, headed by the 
fond mother, straightway to the residence, and there found — little 
Charley, as snug as a bug in a rug and snoring away most lustily. 
" Who was it put him dar ? 'Twere angels," said the father. 

"And I tliink that saving a little child 

And bringin' it to its own, 
Is a darn sight better business 

Than a-loafin' about the throne." 

Didn't know it was Sunday. — Nov. 4, 1877, an old lady of a 
Maud Muller cast of features and appearance came into Owens- 
boro, basket on arm, to " do some shopping," as she expressed it; 
and, stepping into Head's drug store, inquired why it was that the 
stores were ail closed, and whether Mr. Smith's butcher-shop 
would be open soon. Mr. Head politely informed her that he sup- 
posed Mr. Smith's shop would remain closed all day; that he was 
a gentleiian who always observed tlie Sabbath, and was doubtless 
then in at emlance at Sunday-Echool 

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" Sunday-school ! " shrieked the old lady, letting her basket fall 
and throwing up her hands in holy horror; " Sunday-school! Why, 
Mister, you don't tell me this is Sunday?" " Sunday it is, madam, 
beyond the peradventure of a doubt," replied the suave druggist. 
"Well, law sakes alive! and there's my old man out in the field 
hard at work, and me in town shoppin' and its Sunday! But, 
Mister, don't you tell on me, and I'll go right home, blow the horn 
for John, make him put on his Sunday clothes, and we'll both ride 
old Ball to church;" and she hastened away. 

A slip between- the cup and the lip.~~Iu November, 1868, a little 
circumstance occurred that proved the truth of the adage tliat 
" truth is stranger than fiction." 

A courtship, with all its sighs and wooings, had long existed 
between a gentleman and lady of this county, and at last the 
appointed day approached when the " two souls " which were sup- 
posed to contain but a " single thought," were about to be " linked 
into one," arrived. The license was obtained, the wedding supper 
prepared, and nothing but the afilrmative answer to the questions 
propounded by the minister were necessary to make them " bone of 
one l)one," etc., and entitled to walk down life's path together 
But the afiair turned out rather one sided. When the parties were 
upon the floor, " Will you take this woman to be your lawful and 
wedded wife?" was answered by the would-be groom in the aflirma- 
tive with great promptness and alacrity; but when the minister 
propounded the same question with a slight variation to the young 
lady, she archly, and with a malicious wink of her eye, replied 
"iV^o." This turn of affairs of course produced a great sensation 
among the young people, while the elder ones lifted their specs 
and solemnly mused upon the frivolities of youth, and sought a 
solution to the strange proceedings, which was about this, and 
should teach a lesson of caution to the rising generation: 

A few days before the time for the consummation of the nuptials 
the young gent imprudently remarked to his atlianced that he was 
"inclined to regret that their wedding day was so near at hand, but 
that the matter had gone so fir now that in honor he could not 
relieve himself" This speech was harbored up by the young lady 
aforesaid, and she took the ab(;ve method of " relieving " him of 
his "honor," and hence his woe and disappointment, which were 
justly merited. 

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Silver C.'eok 2'^' 

Kew Albany, Inil 41^ 

Middle Creek 9 

Hughes' Bar 10 

Knob Creek 13 

Christ! ipher's Crossing 18 

Dean's Wood Yard 20 

Salt River 25 

New Boston 29 

Otter Creek 33 

Tobacco Landing 30 

iiHlpdenburg, Ky 41 

Mftuckport, Ind 44 

Amsterdam 51 

Upper Blue Eiver Island, Head. 55 

Leavenworth, Ind 59 

Fredonia 62 

Schooner Point 65 

Hawkins' Landing 69 

Pecken paw's Bar Head 70 

Woll' Creek 72 

Little Blue River 733^ 

Alton, Ind 74 

Reno, Ind 78 

Hatfield's House 80 

Concordia, Ky 83 

Davis Landing, Ind 83 

James Elsby, Pilot 84 

Oil Creek 86i^ 

Derby 87i^ 

Yellow Bank Creek 91 

ClienauU's Reach, Foot 93 

Stepbensport 96 

Bear Creek 08 

Holt's Bar 99 

Gregory's, K3' 104 

Cloverport, Ky • 106 

Fauoclt's Creek 107 

Millstone Creek I'lJ^ 

Reck Island 114 

llrtwi'sville 118 

Tell City, Ind 131 

Troy 13.5 

Lfwisport l')3 

Grand View ISfii^ 

Honey Cireek 1 39 

Rockport, Ind 141 

Upper Yellow Bank Isl'd, Head. 145i^ 

Owensboro 150 

Bon Harbor 153 


Enterprise ISCJi^' 

Point Isabel 159 

French Island 161 

Pigeon Creek, Ind 167 

Cj'press Creek, Ind 169 

Newburg 171 

Green River, Ky 176J^ 

Evansville, Ind 1843^ 

Henderson, Ky 196 

Henderson, Ind 197' ;,' 

West Franklin 209 

Diamond Islai d. Font 213 

Mt. Vernon, Ind 220 

Slim Island, Head 234 

Slim Island, Foot 2271-^ 

Louisiana Rocks 2323^ 

Uniontown, Ky 234 

Lower Highland Rocks 2S5% 

Wabash Island, Head 237i|' 

Wabash River 2393^ 

Wabash Island, Foot 242 

Raleigh 245 

Shawneetown, 111 249 

Coal Banks 251 

Saline River, 111 258 

Sbotwell'b Coal Bank 260 

Caseyville, Ky 262 

Tradewater River 264 

Weston 266^4 

Ford's Perry 268 

Cave-in-Rock Town 271 

Big Hurricane Island, Head 275 

ElizMbethtown 2783^ 

Roseclair, 111 281 

Carrsvillo 283 

Golconda, 111. 291 

Prior Island 294 

Sister's Island, Head 297 

Bay City, 111 300 

Slewfirt's Island, Head 302 

Dog Island, Head 307 

Smilhland, Ky 309 

Pulltight, or West Liberty 3103^ 

Paducah, Ky 321 

Brooklyn 324 

Metropolis, 111 330 

Hillirmau's 340 

Caledonia 353 

Mound City, 111 360 

Cairo, 111 368 

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1IISI(i1:Y ''!■" liAVII'S- Cill'M'V. 

The foUiiwinn- lahie imliciUeN the coldest find hottest days of 
each veai-t'rnin I^H tu 1^71, as ob-ier\ed at Louisville: 









1848-9 , 

1849-50 : 

1850-1...- ' 

1851-3 I 

1802-3 ! 

1853-4 : 

1854-5 ! 

1855-6 1 

1850-7 ! 

18.57-8 ! 

1858-9 j 

1859-GO ' 

1860-1 1 

]8(U-2 , 

1SG3-3 '■ 

















- 3 



, '->■' 

J;U1 . 


- 1 I 



1 98 



3 i 



' 90 



—10 ! 





— 9 












— 7 






















— 81.; 






— 4 












—22!,' 1 






—24', , 






—101., . 






— 1 






—121., , 


































— 3 






— 11 






4 . 






— 1 












— 2 




M-'l'.\M.'i:s ox GKEEN KINlOl;. 

Mouth of Green River I) 

^ll()ttSYill<■ ^' 

M.isou's Landing 10 

Hu-k's Mil! 22 

f'llliiK.n's Ferry 20 

(Junlsvilie ~;<i 

Ha' r.'ld.-ou's L.inding oi> 

1^ nf■^a^.s L;iRding..r 40 

S:^'.-.iTHiort 17 Ciark's'Ff 

'A'livlit.slii'rg 52 M-irgiuUiwu' 


W'l.iii ..^liurii, or l'.-i\ nc's Land;iiL' 

l^'-MiM'v, iir'C,.!lic...!i 

I,!'- Lllil'l'-e 

r- li' rie isini 

South Carrollton 8^ 

Lowisburg HO 

t'eralvo ',i{', 

Ainh-i'j \^■orks 103 

F.ira-lise 104 

Koclifst.. 1-, (.)■ SkybviJle 113 

( 'roiuwull ". 135 

\'i^Hi).siiort. . , . 139 



i:-. . Wi odbury 158 

'f-' ' Ci-.rk's J.,anding 103 

>< ( .reel rastle, or ■\\',invnlou 171 

■'i UoMiiuf (irecn 189 

') Giaimiii'i Jjaiiding 193 

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Sutherland's 1 

Crow's 9 

Lewis 13 

Riley's 15 


Liverraore 21 

Island 24 

Stroud's 27 

South Carrollton 32 

E. & P. R. R. Junction 35 


£h^k 6%^, twelve miles west of Owensboro, in Oakford Precinct 
and on Green River. 

Craig, seven miles east of Owensboro, in Xnottsville Precinct. 

Gurdsville, fourteen miles southwest of Owensboro. 

Delaware, twenty-one miles southwest of Owensboro, in Cur^'?- 
ville Precinct, on Green River. 

OrissoTri's Landing, ten miles northwest of Owensboro, on the 
Ohio River, and in Oakford Precinct. 

Knottsville, thirteen miles east of Owensboro, on the Hardins- 

Ma^onville, nine miles southeast of Owensboro, on the Hartford 

Owensboro, the county seat. 

Panther, twelve miles southwest of Owensboro, near Panther 

Philpot Station, eight miles southeast of Owensboro on the 
Litchfield road, near North Panther Creek, and in Upper Town Pre- 

Pleasant Ridge, fifteen miles southeast of Owensboro, on the 
Hartford road, in Murray Precinct, near the county line. 

Sorghotown, eight miles southwest of Owensboro, in Sorgho- 
town Precinct, and two miles east of Green River, on the Hender- 
son road. 

Utica, at Lewis's Station, twelve miles south of Owensboro, on 
the railroad, in Murray Precinct. 

West Louisville, fourteen miles southwest of Owensboro, In 
Gurdsville Precinct. 

WMtesville, fifteen miles southeast of Owensboro, on the Litcli- 
field road, in Boston Precinct. 

Ydvington, ten miles north.east of Owensboro, on the Hawesville 

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A very correct and faitlifiil "Historical Atlas" of this county 
was published by Loo McDoiiough & Go. during- the centennial 
year. It is so wuU known to the citizens of Daviess Coimtj' that a 
description is scarcely needed. It contain? "eighty-one pages," 
counting tv.'elve blank pages; size, 13 x Ifi inches. The publishers 
made the serious mistake of drawing most of the map's on a scale 
about twenty per cent, larger than the book could " comfortablj' " 
contain. He.'^ce it is inclined to "'gag,'" with tongues sticking 
out around the edges! 

Its contents are: A page of statistics and reference symbols, well 
S])road out, two and a half pages of county history, one page of pre- 
cinct history, maps of the preci?icts. State of Kentucky, United 
States, and of the whole world — the latter, of course, on a small 
scale; also thirty full-page illustrations of buildings and their 
premises, fifty-five biographical sketches of prominent citizens, and 
a list of patrons which purports to be only a " portion " of them. 

In the delivery of this work the publishers mot with considerable 
opposition, on the ground that the maps were too large for the 
book, and were incorrect; that some names were spelled wrong; that 
the paper was poor, etc.; but they ultimately proved in court that 
they had fr'filluJ their part of the contract, and the protesting 
pations were accordingly compelled to fulfill theirs. 


Tliis work is so fiithful that we quote the title page entire: 
"EintM'Ron and Willi;ini.-;'s Owonsboro Directory. 1882-'3; being a 
couij)leto iiid. x to tlu; I'c^identa of the city; also a classified business 
direi-tory; to which is added an ajinendix containing useful infoirna- 
tion of city, count\ State, and miscellaneous matters: together 
with a street dirertory, a gazetteer of D.iviess County, and a post- 
o'fiee dir^ctoiy of Price, three dollars. Louisville: 
])i'inted at the V'Hir'i^r Join , -ml l\ oh Oltice. Is8:l" 

I'his, being Ihoir fii's.t diioctory of this city or county is very 
carefully coinjtiiod; aud the i)ublishers announce their intention to 
issue a new one in 18^5. Tliis issue contains 277 octavo pages. 

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This growing city is located on the south bauk of the Ohio River, 
at what was known to the early boatmen as the " Lower" or " Big 
Yellow Banks." As a name of this place, however, this was gener- 
ally abbreviated to ihi simpler form, "Yellow Banks," and the 
town was scarcely known by any other name until about 1839 or 
'40. The postoffice bore this name from the time of its establish- 
ment in 1818 or '19, until 1837 or '8. The name is derived from 
the deep yellow color of the river bank, as it conspicuously exhibited 
itself to river travelers coming from either direction. This bank 
of yellow clay extends about six miles along the river, from ten to 
twenty feet above high-water mark. The foot of Frederica street 
is 37° 48' north latitude, and 10° 9' west longitude from Wa&h- 
inofton, D.C. 

Bill Smothers has the credit of erecting the first cabin at this 
point, which was probably one of the two only structures existing 
here in 1812, one of these being a store. Both were of logs. The 
site was selected as the county seat in 1815, by commissioners ap- 
pointed by the first County Court, held in April of that year. The 
survey of the first plat of the town extended from the Ohio River 
and a ravine on the north, to Fourth street on the south, and from 
Lewis street on the east to Walnut street on the west. The survey 
and plat thereof was completed by Captain James W. Johnston, the 
first County Surveyor, on the 23d day of March, 1816, and approved 
by the commissioners and court with the name of, and 
ratified by the agent and owners of the land, Greorge Handley being 
agent for David Ross and other proprietors. Every fourth lot wa3 
donated to the trustees for public purposes. 

The name of this place was changed to " Owensboro" (spelled 
then with a uffk), probably in April, 1818; for we see in an old day- 
book kept by David Morton or his clerk at that time that the head 
lines of pages read " Yellow Banks" up to April 8, that year, and 
after that " Owensborough." This name was given in honor of the 
hero whose sketch here follows : 

21 Digitized by fmirosoft® 


Colonel Abraham Oioen was born in Prince Edward County, Va., 
in 1Y69, and emigrated to Shelby County, Ky., in 1785. His first 
appearance on the public theater was npon Wilkinson's campaign, 
in the summer of 1791, on the White and Wabash Rivers. He 
was a Lieutenant in Captain Lemon's company in St. Clair's defeat, 
JSTov. 4, 1791, and received two wounds in that engagement. He 
was in the expedition led by Colonel Hardin to White River, and 
participated in the action which routed the Indians in their hunting 
camps. His brother John, James Ballard and others of Shelby 
County were his associates on this occasion. He commanded the 
first militia raised in tlie county, and Singleton Wilson, of Shelby- 
ville, was the Lieutenant. Owen was soon promoted to Major, and 
then Colonel of the regiment. 

Colonel Owen was elected to the Legislature by the largest vote 
ever before polled in the county, and in 1799 was chosen a member of 
the Convention wliich framed the State Constitution. Shortly be- 
fore his death, he was a member of the Senate of Kentucky. In 
1811 he was the first to join Governor Harrison at Vincennes, for the 
purpose of aiding in the effort to resist the hostile movements of 
the Indian bands collected by the energy and influence of Tecumseh 
and his brother, the Prophet. He wascliosen by General Harrison 
to be one of his aids-de-camp, and at the memorable battle of Tippe- 
canoe fell at tiie side of his heroic chief, bravely fighting for his 
country, deeply regretted by the whole army. In the following 
December the Legislature went into mourning for the loss of Colo- 
nel's Daveiss, and Owen, and others who fell at Tippecanoe; and in 
1819-'20, the memory of Colonel Owen was perpetuated by a county 
bearins his name. He left a large family to unite with his country 
in deploring his premature falL Many of his relatives and de- 
scendants became distinguished in Kentucky aiul Texas, 

The chivalric patriotism oF Colonel Owen, in leaving a position 
of ease -inddistinction at home, to volunteer his services against the 
Nortl'.western savages, is truly illustrative of the Kentucky char- 
acter; and after-ages look back upon the deeds of heroism at Tip- 
pei'nnne, 'vith t!ie same venerati<jii with which the pre-ent ao-e 
regards the memory of those who fo.ught and I'ell at Thormopylie. 

Morton's day-book. VEf.L'fW B.^NKS, 1818. 

R, L;. Niine, of this city, lias had in his possession somothinjr 
over JOO fta.ues of a d'iy-boi'>k, kept i)y David Morton, a merchant 
hn-o in early timen, or by !,!? clerk oi- bookkeeper, .I.jhn Hatha- 

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away. Mr. Morton died in this city in 1858. His son, Samuel 
Morton, is now clerk of the Planter's Hotel. Mr. Nunn still has 
a fragment of this interesting relic. It contains entries from Ma^. 
24 to April 14 — a period of twenty- two days. The pages are from 
305 to 3^8 of the day-book, and contain forty lines to the page, or 
an average of about fifteen entries. As the names of many of 
those entered as " Dr. " will appear familiar to many of our readers, 
we append a few : 

Robert McFarland, Jr. John Kennady, Pii^kncy Gilchrist, 

,James McKinney, Wm. Harris, John Patton, 

John M . Gabbert, James Jordan, Caleb Shelton, 

John S. Stutson, Samuel Johnson, George Metcalf, 

Joseph Griggsby, John Piles, James Bryant, 

John Travis, George Taylor, Mrs. McNemer, 

John W. Cheatham, John Daveis=, James Everton, 

John C. Craddocb, Warner Lewis, Edmond Cheatham, 

Wm. Odnm, James McFarland, James HoUingshead, 

Mrs. Anderson, Thomas Taylor, Rogers, GrifBth & Co., 

Thomas Moseley, Sr. Leroy C. Bristow, George Bell, 

Wyatt Martin, Henry Roberts, Wm. Lujnpkin, 

Henry Kirkbam, David Atteberry, Lewis Love, 

Israel Alteberry, Martin's Nat, Wm. Wood, 

Henry White, Basset t's Isaac, Cecilius Wood, 

Isaiah Marks, Charles Worthington, John Snvder, 

Moses D. Carter, Jas. W. Chappell, Wi ight Taylor, 

David Mathis, Hilary Beall, Daniel Cooncy, 

John Roberts, Peter Slagle, Wm. Evans, 

Margaret Adams, Rosa Ewing, Wm. Clement, 

George Handley, Charles Duncan, Wm. R. Duncan, 

David Winkler, Abner Bassetl, James Roberts, 

Benj. Yager, Zach. Galloway, Isaac Holmes, etc. 

It may be observed that there are no nicknames in the above 
list, except, perhaps, in the instance of one colored servant "Nat." 

The accounts were kept in both English and American denomi- 
nations, as appears in the specimen, which also shows the retail 
prices of the various commodities: 

2 lbs. Cdffi e, @ 3s $ 1.00 

2 lbs. Brown Sugar, @ 28c 56 

1 bottle Snuff, @ 3s. 9d 621^ 

14: lb. Imperial Tea, @ 18s 75 

5 lbs. 10 oz. Loaf Sugar, @ 3s i.SlU 

1 yd. English Factoiy, @ 3s. 9d 62}| 

7 Bridle, @ 8s. 3d 1.373| 

7 yds. English Stripes, @ 4s. 6d 5.25 

yds. Brown Shirting, @ 2s. 7i.^d 2.621^ 

2 "Black Bolls (Bowls.'), @ Is. 9d 25 

1 lb. 8d. Nails, @ ls.6d 25 

1 yd. Calico, @ 2s. 3d . .37}^ 

^ yd. Jaconet Muslin, @ 9a 1.12% 

5)4 yds. Domestic Checks, @ 3s 2.75 

1 Pocket Glass, @ 23. 3d 87J^ 

1 hank Cotton Thread, @ 9d 13^ 

2 di)z. Shoe Tacks, @ 9d 25 

1 doz. Fish-Hooks, @ Is. 6d 25 

2 Glass Tumblers, @ 9d 25 

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Ipr. Boots 1150 

1 pr. Shoes, @, 15s f'>^ 

1 pr. Morocco Slippers @ Ts. 6ii I- '■> 

1 qt. Bottle, @ U. 6d S^ 

1 Pocket Knife, @, 3,s. oJ 'o^H 

1 skein Silk, @ 9J 123/2 

1 Hoc, ©98 1 ■•^>0 

3 qts. Whisky, @ Is. (id lO 

1 3.2-gal. Buitle, @ :!s 50 

1 pr. Lndies' Slippers, ((^ 10s. 6d 1.75 

1 Lancet, (ol Is. Cd 'in 

1 set Edged Pliites, (a 6s 1.00 

1;., yds. Brown Clotli, © 18j 4.50 

1 Vest Pattern and Trimmings 1.123^ 

8 yds. lied Flannel, @ 3s. 9d -. 5.00 

1 Lamp, @ 33 51) 

lyd. Cambric, @ 3s 50 

4 yds. Dimity, @ 33. Od 2 50 

10 11)8. Nails, @ 2'2c 2.20 

1 doz. Needles, @, 9d 123^ 

1 paper Pius, @ Is. 6d . . . , 25 

2 oz. Indigo, @ Is. 6d 50 

2 yds. Domestic Sheeting, ((S 3s. Od 1.25 

1 pr. Black Silk Gloves, fn. 4s. fid 75 

1 Coffee Boiler, @. 4s. Gd 75 

1 Casl-Steel Chiset, @ Is. 6d 25 

1 Plane Bit, (?« 2s, 3d , 37>^ 

1 pr. Specks (Spectiicles ?) (ni 5s. 3d 5.50 

yi U). Pepper, (» 3s. Od 3U4 

33 lbs. Iron, @ Is. Cd 5,28 

1 oz Cinnamon Bark, («) Is. Gd 25 

1 qt. Wine, (7(1 6s -. 100 

OWE.NSDdRu IN 1820. 

The following letter dated Jiilv 2, 1620, was written by Turenne 
W Watkiiis, at Ovvenshpi-o, then Yellow Banks, and addressed to 
Thomas W. Watkins, Ellicott Mills, Md. Mr. William R. Griffith, 
whose marriage is mentioned, was the i'ather of lions. Clint and 
Diiiiel GrifHtli of O\veiisboro. Many other familiar names are also 

•'Yellow Banks, Ky., July 2, 1820. 
•'Dear Brother: — I embrace the earliest op])ortnnity to acknowl- 
edge the receipt of your kind letter bearing date June 2u. Althon<rh 
I have nothing to commnnicate which would aff.ii-d yon one 
nionient's real yileasiire, it might be a gratification to von to liear 
from j-oi'.r old Kentucky li'ieutls and acquaintan"i>s. I believe in 
my last to fither I mentioned William R. GrillitliV union with 
Miss Aria Moseley; if not you are miw iidorm<-(l. \\q ,,^.j^g 
nriitcd to hei- in April last, and 1 think if there i.< aiii' r.'al h;i|i|,i. 
ncss to 1)0 derived from a married lil'c he'eiijoys ashiire, for 1 think 

God has bestowed on him one of the choicest blessing,< of heaven 

a woman fully ciilculffljg^;fee(!/tt)i)d(Wrct/i'OSOfif®ried state a permanent 


paradise. Ricliard S. May was married to Mrs. Lucy Davis, 
daughter of Ca]>taiii Benjamin Fields, last winter. John Gaither, 
nephew of Uncle Basil Gaither, was married to Rebecca Bell two 
weeks ago, and has taken her to Missouri. James M. Rogers will 
he niarrictl to Jane Adaius as soon as he returns from New Orleans, 
which will be in a few days. Nicholas G. Worthington and Miss 
Eliza Whitewill, daughter of Henry Whitewill, will be married on 
the sixth of this month. I am to be groomsman, and Susan 
Adams, bridesmaid. * * * 

" You wished me to write you relative to the credit and standing 
of our Owensboro merchants. To give you a true account of their 
circumstances would be impossible; but I will endeavor to come as 
near the point as possible. Roger_Griffith & Co., I have every reason 
to believe, are perfectly solvent; S. I. & D. Morton, I believe, are 
are also solvent, although somewhat pressed, which is the case with 
every speculative character or merchant. Thompson and Moseley, 
1 suppose, are also solvent; still, I think their case somewhat doubt- 
ful. I have understood that some time past a Philadelphia mer- 
chant drew on them for $40,000. John D. Moseley has gone into 
Missouri to live. He and Renben Bates are going to set up a 

"You mentioned that you had not received a letter from uie 
acknowledging the receipt of $10 sent me by mail. I wj-ote 
to you immediately on the receipt of it to that amount. I did not 
think to ask Williams if he liad received any, but I think he did. 
He has written to you frequently and received no answer. He 
says he will quit writing if you do not pay more attention to liis 
letters, and for me to inform you that he is well and started a letter 
to you some time in June, and shall anxiously await the arrival of 
an answer. Neither he nL>r James will be in this fall, owing to 
their tobacco not getting to market. It has been lying in Green 
River better than, three month?, and at last have to haul to this 
place to ship. They intend to have it sent on to you with instruc- 
titms to bring on gonds, — at least talked strongly of doing so, — 
but the detainers ot the produce prevented their raising funds 
sufficiently to put in execution t])eir dtsigns. I suppose you have 
he.ird who has offu'.^d for the next Governor; if not yon will be 
informed on the receipt of this-: General Adair, ]?ntlcr Logan, 
and several others not worth mentioning. Adair's election, I 
think, is sure. The candidates for the Senate are: Ben Duncan 
Anderson, of Uaidinsburg, and Dr. Charles McCreery, of Hart- 

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ford; Duncan, I think, will be elected. Candidates for the House 
of Representatives are: Beverly Todd, Captain Penticorii, Henry 
White, AVilliarn JSTewton and D. Warner Crow; Crow's election 
sure, I think. Candidates for Congress are: Young Ewing, Dr. 
A. Delaney, and one or two others; I know not which will carry 
the day. 

"Prospects are well; my love to father, mother, brothers and 
sisters, and all inquiring acquaintances. I am still in bad health; 
have a constant pain, or weakness, in my breast — it is generally 
thought to be consumption. I shall remove from this place as 
soon as circumstances will admit. Alfred, Charlotte and family 
are all well. Write to me frequently. 

''The amount that stands against you on G., R. & Co.'s books is 
$224.61. I don't think Alfred will be able to pay you before next 
spring. He has a line stock of hogs on hand. Perhaps he will 
kill 20,000 weight next fall. If tliere should be a good market, 
then, and not before, he will be able to discharge the debt. I hope 
you will all be mare attentive to me and write frequently. It has 
been nearly a twelve-month since 1 received a letter from you 
until I received the one now before me. Tell Caroline and Camps- 
adell they must write to me. My compliments to Mr. Crabster and 
sister. He is one letter in my debt, and I would be glad to receive 
it. Write me everytliing that has transpired since I left Maryland. 
I would write often, but there is notiiing going on here that would 
be in any way satisfactory to you. Remember me to the servants 
in genera', and-believe-me ever your affectionate brother, 

" T. W. Watkins." 


Mrs. Howard, wife of T. J. Howard, deceased, was born in 
Oldham County, Ky., twenty-five miles north of Louisville, about 
1803, and was brought here by her parents Jan. 20, 1808, who 
landed at Yellow Banks when there were but few log cabins and 
a store kejjt by Daniel Moseley. The father of the latter kept the 
first boarding house in the county. Mrs. Howard was a daughter 
of James and Anna (Boone) Barnhill, the latter being a second 
cousin of Daniel Boone. 

John H. McFarland's second wife was the first child born, in 

The oldest houses novi^ in Owensboro are the "Moreland House " 
and the on the next corner, which used to be occupied by 

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Dr. Haynes, and two log cabins at the corner of Sixth and "Walnut 

One of the oldest log houses in Owensboro was torn down in 
1869, and on its site Leo Sims that year built a large tobacco ware- 
house. The cabin was built about 1820 or before, by a man named 
Yeager, and was the first house on what is now Frederica street. It 
was occupied every year during its existence. What memories 
linger around such a spot ! 

Frederica street is said to have been named by Mr. Ross, in 
honor of a mulatto slave he owned at the time. The name, how- 
ever, has been variously spelled. 

Indian Generosity. — In 1784 or '5, among a party which em 
barked at the falls of the Ohio to descend the river, was Andrew 
Rowan. While the boat stopped at the Yellow " Banks on the 
Indiana side, Mr. Rowan borrowed a loaded gun, but no nmrnu- 
nition, and started off in pursuit of amusement rather than game. 
When he returned the boat had gone; the party having seen 
"signs" of Indians approaching, and not daring to wait for Mr. 
Rowan, hastened ofi" down stream. The latter started toward the 
nearest white settlement — Yincennes, 100 miles distant — but soon 
lost his way, wandered about fur three days and, exhausted, lay 
down to die. Roused by the report of a gun, he rose and walked 
in the direction of the sound. An Indian, seeing him, raised his 
gun to fire; Rowan turned the butt of his gun, and the Indian, 
with French politeness, turned the butt of his also. Taking pity 
upon Rowan's helpless condition, the Indian led him to his wig- 
wam, and treated him with great hospitality until his strength was 
regained, and then took him to Yincennes. Wishing to reward his 
generosity. Mr. Rowan arranged with a merchant to pay him 
$300; but the Indian persistently refused to receive a cent of it. 
He finally, to please Mr. Rowan, accepted a new blanket, wrapping 
which around him, he said, with some feeling, " Whenever I 
wrap myself in it, I, will think of you." 


In 1833 the population of Owensboro was scarcely 200 all told, 
and not a single church edifice or organization. The increase in 
population was small until 1850. A branch of the Southern Bank 
was located in Owensboro about that time. The power of the 
trustees had been enlarged by Legislative action, and those offi- 
cials began to drain and improve the streets. The action of the 
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trustees, and the fact tliat tlie bank was one of tlic institutions oi 
the place, gave assurance that there was some money in town, and 
seemed to infuse new li'e into tlic citizens, oven tlie o'd foiry part 
of the population, wliicli had been averse to entcr]n'ise. Improve- 
ments began to be made. P)etter houses were ('ommenced, new 
comers jumreil in and a steady growth was maintained until iSlil, 
wlien tlie war put a sto]i to all cHti-rurisr and puljlic improvement. 
Tlie pf)pulati(in dcci'eased, and imi uutil iSfJfi did improvements 
begin again, or was an iiici'ca-^e of |io]iuhiti(iii noted. A modei-ate 
but perce])tible degree of j)r(\gress and growth has continued until 
now, in 1SS3, wheii the population is estimated at about 11,600. 


Owensboro received a city cliai'ter from the State Legislature, 
Feb. 16, 1866. The ftdlowing is the first entry of proceedings in 
the record book, ,and bears date of Aia-il 9, 1866: 

" Pursuant to the provisions of the cliarter incorporating the city 
of Owensboro, E. 8. Ayrcs, who had been duly elected to the office 
of Mayor of said city, James Kennady, M. D. Soyd and -J. Deal, 
who had been duly elected as Councilmen for the upper ward, ;ind 
Benjamin Bransford, fTCorge Brown and William Shelby, who had 
been duly elected as Councilmen for the lower ward, appeared at the 
court-house in tlie city of Owensboro on Monday, the 9tli day of 
April, 1866, at three o'clock i>. m., and were <luly sworn into office by 
E. T. Berry, Esq.. and thereupon the cliairinau and trustees of the 
town of Owensboro delivered over to tlie said Mayor and Council 
t)ie records and pajiers of said town. The said Ma^^oi- and Council 
then organized, and, on motion, , lames Hughes was apjjoiiited 
Clerk, pro tern., and, on further motion, the said Council .■idjourned 
to Thursday night, tlie 12tli day of .Vpril, 1S66, to meei; at the 
store house of Kennedy & Ih'o. 

'■C. X. S. Tayloi;, Clerk:' 

At the next meeting of the Councii, held Apia] !2, (,\ X. S. 
Taylnr was duly elected Clerk for the year ; J. ^V. Coleiiian was 
chosen Treasurer, undej- .Sl.'i.ooi) lion, Is, and the nlKce nf.VHoriiey 
was hlled by the election of \\ .\, S\vi>ene\\ At ,i Meetiu"- held 
April 16, forty-nine or'linanfes \\\'w pre-^eiiicd lo tin' ('.Miiieil. and 
the same wei'e adopted .Vjirii Is. and oi-dered pii'inttsl in the 
(_)weiisij(n'o S/ii'lil. Tlie tii'st thirteen of these ordiuauees provided 
.JUS kinds, the followiiiir 1 

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Tiivcrn or liDtcl $100 

Ri'>tiiui mil 50 

Anient s|iiri's 20 

Billiaril Siilijon ppi l:ili't>, m.l i xcecd- 

inir i'Ao 100 

Billiaul sal'Xii; in i laMi' ( xc ("liiiir 

tA\(i '. 50 

Teii-i'in lilli-y "(i 

Aiiclirn lii)U-<'. ... -"ill 

Auctiiin on streets $20 

PccUllinjr 30 

Roaf selling merchanclisfi. . . 50 

Circi'S, Museum or Menagerie per 

dHV 100 

TlirHl rical performances each 10 

ToIkkto s'eniminLf 25to5(J 

Hauling for i>rolii 5 

Amoiiy till' otlicr oriliiianccs wasonein regard totlie observance 
of the Sal-.batli (to this (hiv Owoiisbdro i.s note 1 for the strict com- 
pliaiice with the huv on tliis .-^uhjcct, no stores being open on 
Sunday, even for an hour), discharging fii'c-arms. riot, disturbing 
religious worsliip, dog-fights, disturbing good order, lighting ani- 
mals, riding fast, hitching on streets, exhibiting stallion or jack, 
nuisances, rubbish on streets. obst!'uction of streets, driving ani- 
mals on pavement, obstructing sewer pipes, curbing, bathing in 
Ohio River, city scales, wharf, tl-rrv-man, wharfmaster, wharf- 
boat, freight, wharf boat rates, swearing on streets, contagious 
diseases, selling unwholesome flesh as food, shade trees, concealed 
weapons, gaming fines recoverable, city judge, marshal's report, 
and taxing of dogs. By the organization of the Council and the 
adoption of these ordinances the machinery of city government was 
fairly set in motion, and Owensboro became a city in fact as well 
as in name. 

The seal of the city of Owensboro was adopted April 18, 1866, 
and bears upon it the words, "The City of Owensboro Seal," and 
the figure of a tobacco leaf. 

The first Mayor of Owensboro never ])resided over the delibera- 
tions of the Council. Shortly after the lirst meeting at which he 
was sworn in, Mayor E. S. Ayres was taken ill, and died in less 
than a week. The following ap()ropriate testimonial was adopted 
by the Council April IS: 

"Wherkas, An inscrutalile Providence in his wisdom has re- 
moveil by death our esteemed fellow-citizen, Captain E. S. Ayers, 
recently elected to the office of Maj^or of this city, and who was 
therefore the presiding officer of this body, therefore be it 

" Resolved, That in the death of said Ayers the community 
has lost a useful citizen, who, by his affable manners and correct 
deportment had endeared himself to the hearts of all, and this 
Council an able and efficient presiding officer and member, and 
that we deeply deplore his loss and hereby tender to his bereaved 
family our warmest sympathies. 

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" Resolved, That we will in a buily attend his funeral, as a further 
testimony of our respoct for his memory. 

^'■Resolved, Tiiat the citizens be requested to suspend all business, 
vith closed doors, from 10 to 12 o'clock to-morrow, darin<^ the 
funeral ceremony. 

•' Resjlved, That the clerk of this Council present a copy of the fore- 
going preamble and resolutions to the wife of the deceased, and 
that the papers of the cit)' be requested to publish them." 

Salaries, etc. — The charter in ibrce previous to 1S82 allowed the 
city officials to vote themselves " back pay," which generally was 
justifiable, owing to increasing responsibilities coininensurate with 
the increasing growth of the city. Some complaints being made, 
however, in 1374 the following facts were developed: 1859, the 
Board of Trustees received $25 for their services; 1860, they in- 
creased the compensation of the chairman; 1861, pay of the clerk 
and aUorney increased; 18i)2-'3, pay of the treasurer increased 
to $75 and $50 for the respective years; 18G5, compensation of the 
councilmen doubled; l'^66, same increased to $150, and the 
mayor's to $300; 1869, that of the clerk, treasurer and attorney 
increased; 1871, mayor received $100 addition il tolas usual allow- 
ance; 1872, he received $700. 

Present Charter. —By act of the Legislature approved March 18, 
1882, a new charter was granted the city, with the foregoing 
defect remedied, among several others. Tiiis charter, with the 
ordinances, is printed in pamphlet form, making eighty duodecimo 
pages, and can be obtaifted by any citizen from the city clerk. 
The first section of the charter describes the city limits, which had 
been enlarged in a southerly direction in 1872. 


Owensboro in 1872 had a population of about 8,000, and was 
one of three principal cities on either side of the Ohio River 
between Louisville and Ciuro. The city then had thirty-one 
lawj'ers, fifteen physicians, nine ministers of the gospel, three 
dentists, six drug stores, six express wagons, fifteen drays, twenty- 
five groceries, sixteen dry-goods stores, ten merchant tailors, two 
boot and shoe stores, one qneen's-ware store, one carpet store, two 
'tinware and stove establishments, three hardware stores, three 
[bakeries, eleven confectioneries, two book and stationery stores 
]tivi>, barber shops, six meat and vegetable shops, six millinery 
(stores, two furniture stores, two gunsmiths, two photograiihers 
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three jewelry establishments, thirty-five liquor saloons, six beer 
saloons, ten livery stables, three tobacconists and cigar-makers, 
three undertakers, nine shoemakers, seven clothing houses, four 
saddlers, eight blacksmiths and wagon-makers, one hide and fur 
house, one dye-house and one real estate agent. 

Also fifteen large tobacco stemmeries employing over 600 hands, 
two large planing-mills, one woolen-mill, one foundry, one broom- 
factory, two extensive breweries, three corn and wheat mills, one 
apple-brandy distillery, four brick mills, one marble yard, three 
banks, seven wholesale liquor-dealers, one sewing-machine estab- 
lishment, six hotels, one furniture factory, a city hall, skating rink, 
two brass bands, two large public schools, three private schools) 
nine good church buildings, six large distilleries, a splendid court- 
house, with town clock, a securejail, two large wharf-boats, a good 
levee, public scales, gas-works, and lodges of Masons, Odd Fellows, 
Temperance, Harigari, etc. , etc. 


is shown by the good directory published by Emerson & Williams, 
in which the items are so differently taken that an exact comparison 
with 1872 cannot well be made; but it is certain that while the 
population has increased to about 11,600, or forty per cent., 
business and improvements have gone forward with equal pace. 

The taxable property of Owensboro in 1872 was listed by the 
city assessor as follows: Within the old city boundary, $2,121,- 
585; within the addition, $181,915; property of negroes, $13,495; 
total value of property, $2,317,025. The property in the addition 
was listed separately because it was annexed to the city on condi- 
tion that it should not share the railroad debt and some other 
responiibilities, and tliat of the colored people on account of their 
separate scIdoI interests. The assessment this year (1872) within 
the old city boundaries showed an increase of over $104,000 in 
excess of the pi'cvious year subject to taxation. Some other 
statistics of this year were also published; but when we see that 
the whole negro population U ciiai-g>3d, in the item of dogs, with 
owning only eleven of thein, we are in doubt as to the value of the 
rest of figures. One of the freaks of the census! 

Aug. 7, 1880, a proposition was voted on, .329 to 32, to issue 
bonds to the amount of $50,000, for as much money to be ex- 
pended in general iniiii-ovements, namoly: $20,000 for graveling 
and guttering the £8ig»^cfi9tl>i/WA&'olso#®3wers; $10,000 for im- 


proving the wharf; $5,000 for enlarging the school buildings; 
and $5,000 for protecting the river front. For the issue of bonds 
the charter required the affirmative of a majority of all the quali- 
fied voters of the city, and therefore the above measare did not 
carry. The iqDathy of the citizens was astonishing. A public 
meeting had been held, and rousing speeches made. 

Owensboro, however, is a nice city, apparently in as good a trim 
as any of her sisters. 


The population of Owensboro from time to time has been as fol- 

1830 239 

1850 1,315 

1860 3,308 

1864 about 3,000 

1870 3,430 

1875 about 8,000 

1880 nearly 10,000 

1883 about 11,597 

The United States census for 18S0 gave Owensboro only 6,231, 
which was evidently an error. 


1866-'7.— Mayor, E. S. Ayres (died in office), S. D. Kennady (to 
fill unexpired term); City Judge, J. P. Washburn; Councihnen, 
James Kennady, M. D. Soyd, J. Deal, B. Bransford, George 
Brown and William Shelby; Clerk, C. N. S. Taylor; Treasurer, J. 
W. Coleman; Assessor, William S. Biitain; Collector, Thos. S. 
Hutchison; Attorney, W. N. Sweeney; Marshal, Thos. S. 
Hutchison; Wliarfmaster, Lafayette Elder; Weighmasters, Mur- 
phy and Talbot (removed), H. S. MitciicU. 

1867-'8.— Mayor, S. D. Kennady; City Judge, J. P. Washburn; 
Couneilmen, James Kennedy, George Brown, Larkin Field, Jacob 
Deal, Charles Werner and John Brotlierton; Clerk, C. N. S Tay- 
lor; Treasurer, J. W. Coleman; Assessor, George ]^. McKay; 
Collector, Thos. S. Hutchison; Attorney, Alexander Craycrnft; 
Marshal, Thomas I. Hutchison; Weighmaster?, R. H. Willlioyle 
(removed), Pate aiid Adams; Wharfmaster, L. Elder. 

1868-'9.— Mayi.r. S. D. Kennady; City Judge, J. P. Washburn; 
Couneilmen, George Brown, Charles Wernei-, John Brotlierton 
Jacob Deal, James Kennady and Jcjlin Thixton; Clerk, Ed. Aloor- 
man; Treasurer, J. W. Coleman; Assessor, T. H. Pointer; Col- 
lector, T. S. Hutchison; Attorney, T. B. Hardin; Marshal Thos. 
S. Hutchison; VVharfmastors, Mnrphy and Tri])lett; Weighmasters 
Pate and Adam^; Engineer, A. Pfuffiin; City Physician, Dr. E. 
H. Luckett. Digitized by Microsoft® 

0WEN8B0R0. 333 

1869-'70.— Mayor, S. D. Kennady; City Judge, J. P. Wash- 
burn; Oouncilmen, James Kennady, Jacob Deal, EUia Dawson, 
George Brown, John Tliixton and William McOallister; Clerk, 
Ed. Moorman; Treasurer, J. W. Ojleman; Assessor, William S. 
Britain; Collector, T. S. Hutchison; Attorney, Thomas Hardin; 
Marshal, T. S. Hutchison; Weighmaster, W. E. Moorman; Wharf- 
masters, Murphy andTriplett; Physician, Dr. E. H. Luckett. 

1870-'l. — Mayor, S. D. Kennady; City Judge, Alexander Cray- 
croft; Oouncilmen, James Kennedy, R. H. Tayl )r, John G. Delker, 
John Thixtoii, George Smith and James A. Wilhite; Clerk, Ed. 
Moorman; Treasurer, J. W. Cjlemin; Assessor, C. N. S. Taylor; 
Collector, T. S. Hutchison; Attorney, T. B. Hardin; Marshal, T. 
S. Hutcherson; Weiglimaster, William Moorman; Whart'masters, 
Murphy &Triplett; Physician, Dr. E,. B. Gilbert. 

1871-2.— Mayor, S. D. Kennady; City Judge, J. P. Washburn; 
Councilmen, John G. Delker, Y. L. Ford, Jacob Deal, George 
Smith, W. T. Owen and James Wilhite; Clerk, Ed. Moorman; 
Treasurer, J. W. Coleman; Assessor, J. H. Branham; Collector, 
T. S. Hutchison; Attorney, R. H. Taylor; Marshal, T. S. Hutch- 
ison; Weighmaster, W. E. Moorman; Wharf master, R. S. Triplett; 
Physician Dr. R. B. Gilbert. 

1872-'3. — Mayor, Ben. Bransford; City Judge, Alexander Cray- 
croft; Councilmen, J. Thixton, J. Rose, William Clark, A. Cox, 
J. E. Dawson and C. Zuckregel; Clerk, E. B. Colgan; Treasurer, 
T. S. Anderson; Attorney, Thomas E. Crutcher; Assessor, Joseph 
Dear; Collector, W. H. Frey; Marshal, T. S. Hutcbison; Weigh- 
master, P. Ellis; Wharfmaster, T. W. Bacon; Piiysician, Dr. John 
O. Scott, succeeded by Dr. Charles H. Todd. 

1873-'4. — Mayor, Ben. Bra.istbrd; City Judge, Alexander Cray- 
croft; Councilmen, J. Deal, C. Rucker, R. II. Taylor, E. H.Bryan, 
J. A. Godshaw and Dr. John D. Ogden; Clerk, H. L. Cambridge; 
Treasurer, P. T. Watkins; Assessor, S. D. Shepard; Attorney, 
L. P. Little, succeeded by R. W. Slack; Collector, A. M. C. Sim- 
mons; Physician, Dr. J. Q. A. Stuart; Weighmaster, P. Ellis; 
Wharfmaster, F. W. Bacon. 

1874:-'5.— Mayor, George Brown; City Judge, J. C. Dear; Mar- 
shal, Howard Long; Councilmen, Charles Rucker, James E. Daw- 
son, A. F. McJohnston, J. A. Godshaw, John H. Brannon and 
John B. Scott; Clerk, David Morton, succeeded by P. R. Zulauf; 
Treasurer, T.S.Anderson; Assessor, William Pottinger; Collector, 
Isaac Kennady; Attorney, J. W. Feighan; Weighmaster, Samuel 
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Morton ; Whart'master, F. W. Bacon ; Piijsician, Dr. E. H. Luckett. 

1875-6.— Mayor, George Brown; City Judge, J. C. Dear; Mar- 
shal, T. B. Yeager; Conncilmen, PI. P. Tompkins, S. W. Long, F. 
J. Clark, Charles Werner, J. B. Cruse and Charles Rucker; Clerk, 
Eoy R Hathaway; Treasurer, W. B. Tyler; Assessor. "W. T. 
Smith; Collector, J. A. Godsliaw; Attorney, J. B. Karn; Weigh- 
master, Samuel Morton; Wharfmaster, E. B. Trabiie; Pliysician, 
Dr. E. H. Luckett. 

1876-'7.— Mayor, George Brown; City Judge, J. C. Dear. 

1878-'8.— Mayor, George Brown; City Judge, J. C. Dear, suc- 
ceeded by F. L. Beers; Marshal, T. B. Yager; Councilmen, F. J. 
Clark, H. P. Tompkins, A. F. McJolmston (resigned), Larkin Fields 
(unexpired terra), Isaac Kennady, "W. W. Hays and James Tharpe; 
Clerk, Eben Parden; Treasurer, W. B. Tyler, succeeded by John 
Wandling; Assessor, Wm. Pottinger; Collector, W. PI. Owen; 
Attorney, G. W. Jolly, succeeded by J. B. Karns; "Weighmaster, 
Samuel Morton; Wharfmaster, Bruce Trabue; Physician, Dr. E. 
PI. Luckett; Auditor, H. L. Cambridge. 

1878-'9. — Mayor, John Thixton; City Judge, J. C. Dear; Mar- 
shal, T. B. Yager; Councilmen, J. B. Murphy, George Rogers, 
Joseph Lee, Isaac Kennady, W. W. Hays and J. A. Small; Clerk, 
Eben Parden; Treasurer, John Wandling; Assessor, J.E.Mitchell; 
Auditor, J. W. Coleman; Collector, T. A. Fuqua; Attorney, II. P. 
Moorman; Weighmaster, Samuel Morton; Wharfmaster, Hamilton 
Alexander; Physician, Dr. C. C. Lewis. 

1879-'80.— Mayor, -Thos. Thixton; City Judge, W. W. Chambers; 
Marshal, Howard Long; Councilmen, James Ashby, James A. 
Small, James K. Tharpe, George Rogers, Joseph Lee and B. Baer; 
Clerk, P. R. Zulauf; Treasurer, John Wandling; Assessor, William 
Pottinger; Collector, T. A. Fiiqua; Auditor, J. W. Coleman; At- 
torney, W. T. Owen; Weighmaster, Samuel Morton; Wharfmaster, 
11. Alexander; Physician, Dr. C. C. Lewis. 

1880-'!.— Mayor, James K. Tharpe; City Judge, W. W. Cham- 
bers; Marshal, Charles Haney; Councilmen, J. A. Small, L. J. 
Cottrell, Charles Werner, Jos. Lee, Robert Burch and B. Baer; 
Clerk, Phil. R. Zulauf; Treasurer, John Wandling; Assessor, C. 
R. Coffey; Collector, John W. Carter; Attorney, G. W. Jolly; J. 
W. Coleman, Auditor; Weighmaster, T. S. Hathaway; Wharfmas- 
ter, H. AlexaTider; Physician, Dr. C. C. Lewis. 

1881-'2.— Mayor, James K. Tharpe; City Judge, S. D. Kennady; 
Marshal, Charles Haney; Councilmen, J. B. Cruse, S. H. Harrison 
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D. M. Griffith, J. H. Taylor, G. W. Eogers and B. Baer; Clerk, 
Phil. R. Zulauf; Treasurer, John Wandling; Assessor, A. B. Miller; 
Oollector, J. W. Carter; Auditor, J. W. Coleman; Attorney, W. 
T. Owen; Weigh master, E. A. Hathaway; Wharfmaster. H. Alex- 
ander; Physician, Dr. A. A. Haynes. 

1882-'3— Mayor, James K. Tharpe; City Judge J. B. Earn; 
Marshal, J. T. Griffith; Councihnen, J. L. Higdon, J. G. Norton, 
Anthony Eger, Dr. J. H. Taylor, T. J. Monarch, and A. C. Tomp- 
kins; Clerk, Phil. R. Zulauf; Treasurer, John T.^'andling; Assessor, 
William S. Pottinger; Auditor, J. W. Coleman; Collector, F.J. 
Clarke; Attorney, W. T. Owen; Weighmaster, T. E. AuU; Wharf- 
master, Ham. Alexander; Physician, Dr. T. E. Lamping. 


Mention has already heen made of the first store, kept by David 
Morton. Carpenters and masons of course came in with the de- 
mands of the growing village. 

Among the first brick-masons remembered were Edward Lamb- 
din, commonly known as " Old Boss;" Joseph Weaver, about 1839; 
and James A. "Wilhite, since that period. The first brick-yard in 
Owensboro was on Allen street, between Fifth and Seventh streets, 
near a tan-yard pond, and was owned and operated by Joseph Wea- 
ver before 1839. " Old Boss" and Stelle made brick near where 
Henry P. Tompkins' tobacco factory now stands, on Walnut street. 
Afterward Wilhite had one on Fourth street. 

The first blacksmiths remembered by the present oldest residfints 
as following their trade in Owensboro were J. J. Boles (spelling of 
this name not ascertained), Legge and Faith. 

In 1846 Mr. Boles and J. Brotherton formed a partnership .in 
the wheelwright business, which continued until 1862, when Boles 
died. Prior to this, however, the German (or Dutchman) named 
Legge did some wheelwright work in connection with his black- 
smithing, near where Reinhardt's store now is. He closed in 1849. 

The first shoemakers in Owensboro were David Morton and 
Alex. Moreland. 


The very first was located by Stephen Rogers on the bank of the 
ravine where the gas-works are now situated, and conducted by 
him a number of years. It was still standing in 1846, a very old 

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The second was kept by Wm. Sharpe, jailer at the time, in 1S46, 
where the First National Bank Building now stands. Soon after- 
ward Wm. C. Norris kept one where Courtney's drug store now is. 
Then Wm. Fielding, on the corner of Frederica and Fourth, v/here 
Biotherton & Son's stable is. lie sold to Geo. Murphy, he to 
Howard & Glenn, and they to John Brotherton, who has since been 
a proprietor. 

About the time of the last transaction. Pointer & Cummings 
built a stable on Third street, which was afterward kept by Cum- 
mings, and owned by Burgess. 


The first tobacco warehouse in Owensboro was built by James 
M. Rogers, of logs, about 1837. It was forty feet wide by one 
hundred long. Soon after it was built it was sold to Peter F. 
Smith. In 1839 it was burned, and on the site a frame house was 

Hugh Kerr & Co. — The second tobacco warehouse was a frame, 
built in 1838 by John 0. Hobsou, Frederick and Wm. 11. Brans- 
ford, all of Richmond, Ya. Wm. 11. Bransford came to Daviess 
County in the spring of 1838 and superintended the building of 
the factory. It was 50 x 150, two stories high, with a shed of 
twenty-five feet at each end and a shed of the same width alons 
one side, making the ground floor 75 x 200, with a capacity of 
1,000,000 pounds. Tliis institution was conducted b^^ tlie firm of 
W. II. Bransford & Co. for five years, when Mr. B. died. The 
factory was then I'enteil for two years, when it was sold to Hugh 
Kerr & Co., of Henderson, Ky., who ran it until 1850. It was 
burned down April 5, that year, with 800,000 pounds of tobacco 
in it; but a portion of it was s.ived in a more or less damaged con- 

In the fall of 1850 the same company erected tlie factory now 
standing between Clay and Bolivar streets. It is two liundrcd feet 
long, fifty feet wide, four storii-s liigh, with a sliedon tlie south side 
twenty-five feet wide, and a warehouse 100 x 50 and two stories high. 
Cip-icity, l,5iJ0,000 })oiinds. 

Rohcrt Du)d'ip^ Jr. — The fourth tobacco liou^ic in Owensboro 
was built in 185:^ by John A. Dunlop, at a cost of $8,000, includ- 
ing the house and grounds. Sizo ofbuihiing 150 x fiO, not counting 
the packing-room, which ia 150 x 25 feet, one story higii. The 
main building is three stories and basement. The warehouse is 
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100 X 60 feet, two and a half stories high, located on the corner of 
Fourth and Triplett streets. Its capacity is 350 hogsheads, or 
1,500,000 poi;nds per year, although tlie business does not justify 
working to its full capacity. At the decease of John A., Robert 
Dunlop, Jr., son of David Dunlop, of Petersburg, bought and 
still runs the factory. 

Frayzer c5 Bro. — B. Bransford & Co. built the fiftli factory, on 
Elizabeth street, corner of First or River street. In 1S56 the 
company bought this of the Triplett estate, and remodeled and 
added to the old building, giving it a size 125 x 176 feet, two 
stories high, with a capacity of about 600,000 pounds. In a few 
years the firfn added 75 x 50 feet to the building, giving to the 
whole a capacity of 800,000 pounds. This pai-tnership was dissolved 
in 1862, and the business continued under the name of B. Brans- 
ford until 1873, wlien Mr. B. sold to Frayzer & Bro., who are 
now conducting the business. 

Leo Sims, or FaulcP >< F actory . — ^This building was put up by 
Leo Sims in 1857, and the L's were built by John Faulds in 1878, 
and main building remodeled. Original cost of building, $10,500; 
additions, $6,000. Capacity, 800,000 pounds. 

Sawyer tfc Brodle. — This house was built in 1870 by James Saw- 
yer and Robert Brodie; size 125 \ 40 feet, two stories and base- 
ment. In is7;i they built an addition of 100 x40 feet, two stories 
and basement. Tlie cost of tiie entire liouse was about $12,000; 
capacity, 800,000 ponnds, although in 1880 they put up 1,000,000 
pounds. Tlie building is situated on the corner of Triplett and 
Fifth streets. Most of the tobacco is shipped to England. Most 
seasons tiioy have run full capacity. 

A. C. Tompkins. — The building now occupied by this gentleman 
was built by Burbank Hi'os. in 1S75, and the tobacco trade con- 
ducted by tlu in tlierein twr) seasons. It was then rented to C!am])- 
bell & Co., ami subsequently purchased by Mr. Tompkins, who 
has held the place ever since. The building is 60 x ISO feet and 
four stories high; caiiacity, 1,200,000 pounds. The main building 
C'>st §13.500, iuid is the largest in town. 

II. P TomiiVin^i' tobacco factory was built by \ C. & IT. P 

Tompkins in 1S75, and is now owned by tin; last mentioned, who 

bought his brother's interest, in 1S77. It is 4+ x loO feet, four 

stories high, and has a capacity of 750,000 pfjunds. Ii is located 

at rhe corner of Third and Walnut streets. The waiehouse is '2'i 

X 120, two stories bnck. and two frame. 
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p. ./. Miller's tobacco liouso wiis established about ISTl, by 
Benjaniiii Shown, for re-liaiidling tobacco. Size of buililiiiij; 00 x 40 
fi'ut, two stories and basement. In 1S74- it was jmi-ciiased by Mr. 
Miller, who made improvements and nsed the house' for stemming 
to1)acc'o. In 1MT5 he built a larc^e adtlition to the old building, 
140 X <!0 feet, throe stories and basement. The ca])acity of the 
house is abont 6U0,iJ(l(.> ])ounds. Cost of building, including con- 
tents, about SlCOOO. In connection with this liouse, Mr. Miller 
has a house on his farn; six miles oast of Owensboro, which has 
been used for tobacco since 1S58 or 1S5'.'; a\-erage cajKicitv, 15,000 
pounds. He first built a small house, and has made numerous 
additions from time to time. The building is low, but covers con- 
siderable ground. Tobacco shipped to Londmi and Jjiverjiool. 

J. II. Barrett ct Co. — This house cominencetl operations in 
1838 under the name of A. B. Uarrett. Mr. B. died in 180^. He 
was one of the best business men the country ever produced. His 
estate was worth over $3,000,000. The property was then dee<led 
to his son, A. B. Barrett. Jr., and was afterward, in 1807, pur- 
chased by J. H. Barrett, the present owner, and from that time till 
1871 the firm name was Barrett & Smitli (John 11. Smith); in Sep- 
tember, 1871, John W. Mathews took charge, and the business 
has since been conducted under the firm name of J. PL Barrett it 
Co. Average capacity of building, 1,000,000 pounds ])er year. 
Three fourths of the tobacco is shipped to England. 

Daviess County Co-operative Tobacco Assiwintion. — This com- 
pany was incorporated in 1878, with the following Bi.ard ot 
Dii'ectors: Eugene O'Flynn, Joseph King, J. "VV. King, AY M. 
Harrison, W. J. Taylor, S. H. Jesse, and K. L. Ellis. Jose])h 
King was elected President, an office lie has held ever since. This 
com])any was organized for the purpose of buying, selling, stem- 
ming, drying and prizing tobacco, in the city of Oweiisboi-o, where 
the ])rincipal place of their business shall be. The capital stock 
of saitl corporation shall not be more than $.50,000, divided into 
ten thousand shares <.t' $5 each. Tn 1879 the bouse was occujjied 
by James B. Cruse, who put u]) two crops of tobacco, and iu 1880 
lie entered ir.t i jjartnershi]) with John 11. Chapman. The size of 
the building is 10' > x 40 feet, two stories and basement, and the 
average -amoiint of tobacco handled is 300,000 to 400,000 pounds. 

S. V. \\'allaoe.-'-T]\\f, gentleman built a tobacco Ixmse in the 
fall -A I'^Tu, at a cost of ?2.000; size 130x.")4 feet, three stories 
and 'ri=eM!ent. Connected with this building is a store-room 

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owrz;esBOEo. 339 

120 X 50 feet, one story; capacity 1,000,000 pounds. The house has 
eight prize screws for prizing, latest improved, known as the 
ratcliet screw. The tobacco is shipped largely to foreign markets. 
Thi'" house ran under the management of Mr. Harris until the fall 
of 1875, when he went to Louisville and engaged in business there. 
In January, 1876, J. A. Fuqua managed the house. In 1878 S. 
V. Wallace took the management, and has continued it ever since. 
The building is located on the corner of First and Daviess streets. 

W. H. Clan-he, & Go. — This factory is situated on McFarland 
street, between Fredericaaud Locust streets, and was erected in 1876 
by the present firm. It is 130 x 41 feet, three stories high, with 
warehouse and shop attached; capacity, 500,000 pounds. The firm 
consists of William H. Clarke and Edward II. Clarke & Son. 

Hamilton da Co. — This tobacco house was built in 1859 by David 
Hamilton, from Glasgow, Scotland, who was in business here 
twenty years. Caleb Snyder did the work upon the building, and 
Mr. Hamilton controlled it until 1878, when he went to Louisville, 
holding an interest in the business, however, until 1882. In 1878 
Geo. N. Thompson became a partner of Mr. Hamilton, and in 1882 
purchased the whole interest. The business is now conducted 
under the firm name of Hamilton & Co. This firm has done a 
very large business in the tobacco trade, the liouse having a capac- 
ity of 1,01)0,000 pounds a year. 

John J. Miller's tobacco house was built in 1877 by J. F. Rice 
and Walter Gowan, under the firm name of Rice & Gowan, who 
did a light business one season. The following year it was (occu- 
pied by Aaron Rosenield, and in two years more by Norris Ford 
and John Burnett, who rented of J. T. Miller, the latter h; ■■";^ 
])urchaaed the property in 1S79. In 1880 Jolm A. Miller rented 
the jiroperty of J. T. Miller, and has conducted the business ever 
siTiee, although it has jiassed into the hands of P. J. Miller, who 
now owns the house. The size of tlic buildiiig is 100 x ('i6 feet, two 
stiiries and [jaseniuiit; cajiacity inmi seventy-five to eighty hogs- 
heads (>f tobacco. It is located on Hathaway street, between Fifth 
aiid Si.xtli. In !8si Mr. Miller ]jut n[) 2o8, 000 jiounds of tul.acco. 

Tvrjiin- <X; WooiPs tobacco hnubC was Imiit in 1.S77, in A. J. 
Turoin, who was sole ]ii'o])rietor until llie fall of ib'-U), when the 
pribeiit firm was oi-ganized. I'lie building ha.'j a capacity of !30 
lio"-.-hcads ofstrip^. In IsM the senior member ot the lii'ui uiovcil 
\'' Liinisville, whore he has sijice resided. 

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311) HIMOKY OK IiA>Ii;s> C'llXTV. 

Hugh Ki-rr ck C'>. (AUmi (iilmoici \. — Stcminory, southwest 
corner (if Second and Bulivar tstreeti^; erected about 1S50. Size of 
main iMiildiui^ at iireseiit, 50 x 200 t'cH and four stories liigh. A. 
slicd twenty-five feet wide is attached, aTid there is a warehouse 
50 X 10 feet in cuniu^otion witli the above. 

Henry Ki-i'r 'S: ^ 'o. '.s' tobacco house is located at the northeast 
corner of Second aiid Locust streets, and has a capacity of 300 
ho^.-^heads. [t was formerly occ\i]Med by Aaron llosenfeld, then 
by Henry Ivei'r, and lastly by the y>re.,i'nL tinn. 

F . J. Uhirke and J. II. Tli.ckm/in liave just formed a partnership 
(February, Iss;;) and are buyine; and receiving tobacco at the 
Mc0^dlister Factory, southeast corner of St. ^Vnn and Front streets. 

FiKjiic, i.^ ^*?»^^V^'.s' jiouse is at the southwest corner of McFar- 
land and Allen streets. 

Thamdfi i& John RekVs establishment is at the southwest corner 
of Triplett and Fourth streets. 

lielnhardt <& Maries' factory was established in ls76. It is 
situated at the east end of Fourth street, and is a four-story 
building, 40 x 130, with a one-story L, 100 feet long. They have 
the capacity to handle 600,000 pounds per year, and ship large 
quantities to England. 

After the tobacco is stemmed and packed in hogsheads it is ex- 
ported to London and Liverpool — the low grades to Germany — 
through commission merchants. The average product in 183S was 
about 1,500,000 pounds, from which tliere was a gradual increase 
np to 8,000,000 pounds in 1S50, and 12,000,000 pounds before the 
war. Since that time it has remained about stationary. A fac- 
tor} ,.f SOn.OOO jtouude employs forty to fifty hands. The season 
for business oi)cns in November or early wititer, and closes about 
midsummer. There ai'e, therefore, about nine months to work and 


The nmnufaeturo ot intoxicating li(|uors by methods of distilla- 
tion doos not seem to have been understood by tlie antnents. It is 
said to havi! been Mi-st invented by the barbai-ian nations of the 
North of Kuroiio. an<l by them was made known to the inliabit- 
ants of the uKjre civilised enimtries ot S<iuthern Europe. It was 
formerly manufactured entire]}' from malt, and nnmalted barley 
or rye, but is now made largely from rye alone, Indian corn, 
potatoes, molasses, and other articles. i\\\ the juices of plants 
which can undergo vincuis termentation, and all vegetable matter 
which contains starelP/g'/fe^^ifiM6/'QS0^©)duce distilled liquors. 


A large proportion of the substances used for food may be thus 
applied to the production of ardent spirits. Sugar-growing coun- 
tries produce rum, lands where the vine flourishes produce 
brandy, and in grain-growing countries distilled liquors are made 
in the form of whisky and gin. The Chinese manufacture a dis- 
tilled liquor from rice, and the inhabitants of Kamschatka from 
mushrooms. A great deal of whisky was formerly made from the 

The production of whisky has been very large in the United 
States. Soon after the Revolution its manufacture was carried on 
to a large extent in Western Pennsylvania, and one of the first 
serious troubles the Govei'nment encountered was the whisky 
insurrection of lYW-'i, growing out of an attempt to collect an 
excise tax in this region. The distilleries of the United States 
were formerly much behind those of Great Britain in the perfec- 
tion of their machinery, and tlie wonderful capacity of the produc- 
tion of single establishments; but improvements in late years have 
put them on an equal, if not a superior, footing. The States now 
largely interested in the production of whisky are New York, 
Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky and Missouri. 
Of the counties in Kentucky largely engaged in the distilling 
business, Daviess ranks among the first. Distilleries existed here 
in a very early day, but it is only within the last few years that 
the business has been increased to anything like its present pro- 
portions. There are at present eighteen distilleries within the 
county. With few exceptions, more grain is grown here than in 
any other county in the State. This fact accounts for the abun- 
dance and cheapness of material. The Ohio Hiver furnishes ship- 
ping facilities of an unequaled character, and the railroad running 
south from Owensboro is always ready to carry freight on reason- 
able terms. It is mainly for these reasons that the large distilling 
business, ot the county has been carried on so successfully, while 
it has languished and died in other sections of the country. 

But it is not only in regard to quantity that Daviess County dis- 
tilleries are celebrated. The county has the reputation of produc- 
ing as good an article of whisky as can be ound iu the United 
States. A very large proportion of the whisky manufactured in 
Kentucky is in swcct-mash distilleries, which produce an inferior 
article in compaTrison with the product of sour-ma^h distilleries. 
Several of the distilleries are the largest in the State. The claim 
is justly made that the sour-mash distilleries of Daviess County 

produce the best "^^^z^ &V^J\MfosaftM^^^^^' ^°*^ this is a fact 
that is being rapidly appreciated in the market. 


Owmsboro Distilling Company, consisting now of A. C. Tomp- 
kins, President; Joseph A. Fuqua, Secretary; N. M. Lancaster 
and John G. Weir. Their distillery was built in the fall of 1880, 
and has a capacity of thirty barrels per twenty-four hours. Ca- 
pacity of the principal warehouse, 10,700 barrels. This building is 
of brick and wood on the outside, and wood and iron on the inside. 
Besides this there are four other warehouses of a capacity of 600 
barrels each. This institution has been paying good dividends. 
Their brands of whisky are " The W. S. Stone," "Farmer's Club," 
.md " Kentucky." 

Sowr-Mash Distilling Company. — M. V. Monarch, President; 
P. E. Payne, Secretary; J. A. Brown, Assistant Secretary. A 
stock company of five or six members, manufacturing the " M. 
Y. Monarch," "Sovereign" and "Jockey Club" brands of 
whisky. Distillery a mile east of Owensboro, established in 1868, 
with a capacity of eight barrels a day, now increased to about titty. 

Hill, Perkins, (& Co. (Alex. Hill, "Wm. H. Perkins and Abra- 
ham F. Berryman). — This distillery was erected in the ':ummer of 
1880, and has a capacity of 300 bushels. Location, just west of 
the city limits, in rear of the Daviess County Distillery. 

Eock Spring Distillery, Hill & Hill (W. H. and T. C, brothers), 
proprietors. Started in 1881. Capacity 128 bushels, or eleven bar- 
rels. Four warehouses, affording room for 6,000 barrels. A ten-acre 
stock lot in connection. Located on the river bank, a mile east of 

Hill (& Perkins. — The distillery operated by this firm was built 
by E. C. Berry in 1866. Its capacity was sixty or seventy bush- 
els a day. It was conducted by him until 1877, when Alex. Hill 
and William H. Perkins became the proprietors. The capacity of 
the distillery is now 250 bushels of corn per day, and the brand of 
whisky is still the " E. C. Berry." Distillery and oifice west of 
the city limits. 

B. Monarch c& Co. (Richard Monarch and J. T. Magale), dis- 
tillers of " Sour-Mash Whisky," "Kentucky Standard" and " R. 
Monarch & Co." Their distillery was bnilt in the fall of 1869 
and started in operation in March. It is located one mile west of 
Owensbors, on the Lancaster road. Capacity about 750 bushels. 
Office a few doors south of the Deposit Bank. 

B. P Millet cS: Co. (Edwin P. Millet, Richard Monarch and 
Wm. H. Monarch) manufacture several celebrated brands of sour- 
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mash whiskies. Their distillery was built in 1880, with a capacity 
of 350 bushels per day. 

John Tkixton Distillery Company. — The wholesale liquor 
house of Thixton & Slaughter was incorporated May 1, 1879, it 
bein^ the oldest wholesale house of the kind in the county. They 
succeeded the late Dr. A. D. Hill, buying his stock, etc. This 
company handle nearly all the different brands manufactured in the 
county. The invoice taken Sept. 1, 1882, showed the capital in the 
wholesale house to be $87,000 in whisky. Their sales amount to 
150 to 200 barrels a month. 

The John Thixton Distillery Company was incorporated in Feb- 
ruary, 1881, the stockholders being John Thixton and Joseph "W. 
Slaughter. The distillery is situated about a mile east of the court- 
house, and was built at a cost of $18,000, building and equipments 
all new. The capacity is 280 bushels per day, and turns out 6,500 
barrels per year. Their brand of whisky is " The John Thixton 
Distillery Company, 2d District of Ky." The House is in charge 
of Mr. Slaughter, and the distillery is under the personal super- 
vision of Mr. Thixton. 

John Hanning Distillery. — A building was erected in 1869 by 
John Hanning, and its capacity was ten barrels a day. It was 
burned down in the fall of 1S80, and in February following the 
" John Hanning Distillery Company" was formed, consisting of 
John Hanning, F. T. Gunther and G. W. Crutcher. Mr. Gunther 
is President and Mr. Crutcher, Secretary. This company erected a 
distiller}' below town, on the river, about a mile from the court- 
house. Capacity, twenty-live barrels a day. Brand, "The John 
Hanning Hand-Made Sour-Mash Whisky." 

Eagle Distillery Company. — In 1869 T. J. Monarch erected a 
distillery at Grissom's Landing, having a capacity of five barrels a 
day; but the works have been enlarged, so that the capacity is 
now about forty barrels. It was first the " T. J. Monarch Distil- 
lery," now it is denominated the "Eagle Distillery at Grissom's 
Landing." Mr. Monarcli is President of tlie company and Geo. 
A. Williams, Secretary. Office at the northeast cornerof the Pub- 
lic Square. 

The " Eagle DistiUerv " at Birk City was started in 1880, with a 
ten-barrel capacity. Company: T. J. Monarch, Pre.sident; S. 
Monarch and Thomas Shalfcl. Office in Owensboro, same as 
above. The brands of whisky placed iu market by both establish- 
ments are the " T. J. Monarch," "Imperial" and "Cliff Falls." 
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Daviess County Distillery Gonvpany (W. S. Harris and John 
Callaghan). — Tliis distillery was started April 16, 1874, by Oal- 
laghan & Trigg. Mr. Bell afterward bouglit an interest in the 
concern, when the firm name became the "Daviess County Dis- 
tillery Company." In March, 1879, Mr. Harris commenced, 
alone, and Oct. 14, 880, the present partnership was formed. 
Both these gentlemen reside in Louisville, and their business here 
is superintended by C. A. Todd, General Agent. The distillery is 
ocated about a mile west of town, on the river, and its capacity 
is 800 bushels of corn per day; it has 720 mash tubs and its engine 
is ninety horse-power. 

M. P. Mattingly''s distillery was started at the present locality, 
in a small waj', about 1855, with a capacity of about sixty bushels. 
In 1863 Blandford & Bro. took possession of it; subsequently H. 
C. Elliott, then W, S. Stone, since which time it has been known 
as the " W. S. Stone Distillery." Its location is about five miles 
west of Owensbo o, near the river bank, and its present capacity 

275 bushels of corn per day. 

Daviess County Club Distillery.— Umldmg erected in the spring 
of 1880, with a capacity of 380 bushels of corn per twenty-four 
hours. The works were built by the club, an incorporated party, 
but are operated by N. P. Mattingly. Located one mile below 
Owensboro, on tho Ohio Kiver. 

J. W. M. Field. — This house was started Feb. 3, 1873, with 
a capacity of two and one-half bushels per day. In the fall of the 
same year Mr. Field increased the capacity to six barrels a day. 
In 1880 the capacity was again increased to eight barrels a day; 
in April of the same year he doubled the capacity, making sixteen 
barrels a day, and in April, 1881, it was increased to its present 
capacity — twenty -five barrels a day. Mr. Field has conducted the 
business from the beginning. 

J. T. Welch Distilling Company. — Organized about the first of 
March, 1881. Building was erected during the spring, with a 
capacity of about 400 bushels of grain per day. It is located 
about a mile and a half above Owensboro. 

J. T. Welch, President, lives in McLean County; E. S. Triplett, 
Vice-President; S. Y.Wallace, Secretary; A. Eosenfeld, Treasurer. 
A. T. Harris, Jr., of Louisville, is also a member. 

Bouhoare da Wilhoyte^s distillerj', four and a half miles south- 
west of Owensboro, was erected in 1880 by M. Boulware & Son. 

Clarence Boulware originally built the main structure for the pur- 
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pose of makincj apple brandy. la the spring of 1881 the present 
firm of Boulwara& Wilhoyte was formed. The capacity of this 
distillery is seventy-five bushels a day. 
C. L. Applegate d; Co., Yelvington. 


Oweasboro Woolen Mills. — This establishment was started soou 
after the war, by O. S. Warner & Co. It was burned down in 
1873 or '4, and the loss fell heavily upon Dr. A. 0. Wood. The 
engine was a twelve-inch cylinder. The spinning-jack ran 210 
spindles, which kept eight looms in operation, producing 150 yards 
of cloth daily, thirty-four inches in width, which sold wholesale at 
■$1.15a)ard. Two sets of cards were in constant operation doing 
custom work, which turned oif 200 pounds of rolls a day, the cost 
of which was from ten to fifteen cents a pound for carding. The 
blankets made were two and a quarter to two and a half yards in 
width, weighed seven and a half to nine pounds, and were entirely 
free from grease. The jeans they turned out was four, five and six 
leaf, and thirty-four inches wide. 

Twenty-five operatives were employed, all industrious and of un- 
impeachable character, and the firm composed of gentlemen of the 
highest business integrity. 

The factory has not been rebuilt. 

Steffen <& BisAoj^s carding-mill is located on the north side of 
Fourth street, opposite Poplar street. 

Troutman, Rarick & Co. (M. V. Monarch), manufacturers of 
hubs, spokes, wagons, carriages, plows, etc., and dealers in agricult- 
ural implements, at the junction of Fuurth street with the Litch- 
field road. Messrs. J. P. Troutman and Peter Earick started at this 
place, first as blacksmiths, about twelve or thirteen years ago, in a 
frame building, which was burned down in 1874. Immediately af- 
terward they built a brick shop, which still stands as a portion of 
the present establishment. In 1876 they were partially bnrned 
out again; but these enterprising gentlemen still again rebuilt) 
went ahead with an increasing business, adding the manufacture of 
wagon material and dealing in agricultural implements. 

In 1881 Mr. Monarch was admitted to partnership, and the com 
pany put in new machinery, added other buildings, and commenced 
the manufacture of liubs and spokes on a large scale, employing 
about forty hands and a sixty horse-power engine. They now have 
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two two-story brick buildings, one work-shop, one two-story frame,- 
besides engine-house and numerous sheds. Of the two-story 
structures the lower rooms are devoted to work and the upper to 
storage. Carriage painting, trimming, etc., is done in the second 
story of their large frame building, and one or two of the fore- 
mentioned sheds are really large two-story structures, the upper 
portions of which are devoted to storage. 

John, J. HilVs Sub a/nd Spoke Factory. — This house was built 
in 1862, by Richard Smock, for a flouring mill, and was occupied 
by him three or four years. It was then converted into a distillery, 
and was used by J. Gr. Bailey and John Taylor two years for mak- 
ing sour-mash whisky. Taylor retired and Bailey ran it alone one 
year. It was then seized and sold by the Government, and pur- 
chased by William J. Lumpkin, who used it as a flouring mill six 
years. The building was then unoccupied for a year, when it was 
rented by Fuqua & Wise for a flouring mill. These men were 
unfortunate; the boiler was burned by a careless engineer, and 
they only used the house about six months. Sept. 1, 1882, it was 
rented by John J. Hill, who converted it into a hub and spoke 
factory, using the boiler and engine that were put in after the for- 
mer was burned. He leased the building and power for one year, 
with the privilege of retaining it for an unlimited time. He aver- 
ages about seventy-five sets hubs per day, running full capacity. 

Owensboro Wheel Company. — James Weir and John Moorman, 
doing business under the style of Weir & Moorman; John Delker 
and W. F. Reinhardt, doing business under the style of Delker & 
Eeinhardt; and John Reinhardt and John W. Marks, doing busi- 
ness under the style of Reinhardt & Marks, Dec. 11, 1882, associ- 
ated themselves under the style of the Owensboro Wheel Company, 
this partnership to continue ten years, unless sooner dissolved by a 
vote of the majority. The design and intent of the association is 
the manufacture of wagon, carriage and buggy wheels; and their 
place of business the city of Owensboro. The capital stock of said 
company is $15,000, subscribed by the parties in this association, 
and divided into thirty shares of $500 a share; but the association 
reserves the privilege of increasing the stock to $30,000 if a majority 
of the stockholders shall so determine. 

Bailding not yet erected. 

Southern Wheel and Handle OoTnpany. — Owned and operated 
by Weir & Moorman since Aug. 19. One-story brick, 125 x 40, 
with wing 75 feet. The firna manufactures spokes almost exclu- 
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(iwbxsBoiiO. 34:7 

eively, but turns ont single trees, ax handles, luunnier handles, 
etc. The capacity is about Jj,000 sy)okos per day, which, are ship- 
ped to every principal ])oitit in this country, also Euro])e and 
South America. 

J. O. Delkci\ Ataiiiifactuh r of Furniture ami CJinirs. — Tiiis 
business was established in the fall of 1870. Cost of building and 
machinery, about ^Bls.Ood. Building was burned in Februaiy, 
1872, after being in operatic, n about sixty days. Loss, S13,()..»(); 
insured for ftS.OUO. lii Ajiril the manufactory was re-built, both 
buildings being made of brick; cost of new building and machinery 
about the same as the old house with the addition of the old foun- 
dation. Began running in May, 1ST2, making a general line of 
furniture, which continued until ls81. Dec. 1, lSs2, achange was 
made in the business; tiriii organij^ed under the name of Delker & 
Reinhardt, — J. (-i. Delker and AV. V. Reinliardtin the maiiufaciure 
of rims, and felloes, and cari'iage matei'ial. X slock company just 
crganized is using the second tioor <.if the building in ihe manu 
faeture of wag<jn and carriage wheeU. The corporation crmsists of 
tlie firms of Woii'tt iloorman, Delker Ai lleinhardt, and Iltinhardt 
& jMarks, with James AV^eir as Pre-^ident. Directors ai-e John 
Moorn^an, W I'' Uciniianlt and J.)hii Marks. Corporation or 
ganizoJ Dec. II, l>nSj!, Macliiiiery was pm-chased and operation 
begun 1st January, ISS:'.; cM]ntal -took, $:'>n.00(). 

Jiihn R. Oshoriic <( Son'n /*''''/;,///(/- J/ ^7/ was built in January, 
ly"."!, by Thornton A' Osborne. i May, l87.o, Thornton sold to 
J. R. 0>bi)rne & Son, who have since conducted it. The value of 
mill and property, including machinei-y, about $.5,000. Located 
cin-ner of 7th and Ilailroatl streets. They manufacture sash, doors, 
blinds, moldings, frames, cornice and stair work, counters, man- 
tles, i)rackets, etc. Trade extends n\-er county and Southern Ken 
tuckv. Have also a saw -miU at Livennore, McLean Co., Ky. ; 
value, $l'.5')0. It was erected in Issij. run in connection with mill, 
preparing loirs ibr mill. Xl their planing-mill they supply the 
distilleries ■>v'th material tbr whisky tanks, fermentors, water tanks, 
stills, mash tri)Ughing, blow-pii)es, etc. This is the oldest firm in 
citv in tliis business. Their trade has doubled each year since they 
commenced. They turn out only first-class work, for which they 
have a large reputatii.n. During the fall monlhs of 1^81 they were 
runnirig day and night on distillery work, when the distilleries 
were running to their ful capacity. They ship a gre it deal of wal- 
nut and other lumber. Owing to their iiicn.ased trade they c<ni- 

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template enlargements of the buildings this spring (1883), with 
addition of new and improved machinery, which will enable them 
to turn out still more work. William D., son of J. R. Osborne 
is the business manager. 

J. E. Taylor's Planing-Mill. — This is a large mill on the bank 
of the river at the foot of St. Elizabeth street. Size of the main 
building, 60 x 90 feet; engine, thirty-six horse-power. Both hard 
and soft woods are dressed here, and the patronage is local. The 
proprietors have been: Barron, Marble & Co. (La kin Field) 
Marble, Hicks & Go. (Larkin Field, D. 0. Carter and Michael 
Carey), Hicks, Field & Co. (Carey and Carter), Hicks & Carter, J. 
H. Taylor. 

OwenshoTO City Fowndry is situated on the corner of Fifth and 
Poplar streets, and was built in 1868 by J. A. Castlen, William 
King and T. H. Guthrie. The main building was 40 x 60 feet; the 
molding-room, 30 x 60 feet. It was a frame building, but in 
1881 a brick one was erected in its place and enlarged to 60 x 150 
feet, with a pattern-room in the second story. The molding- 
room as enlarged is 40 x 60. In 1869 Mr. King withdrew from the 
partnership and it was continued under the firm name of Castlen 
& Guthrie until 1872, when Mr. Castlen sold to Stephen W. Long, 
and in 1881 Benjamin Bransford was taken in as a partner, since 
which time it has been conducted as Guthrie, Long & Bransford. 
The business consists of all kinds of castings, railroad and mill 
work, steam engines and mill machinery, and all kinds of repairs- 
An average of twenty mechanics are employed in its various de. 

Joshua G. TerriWs Flouring Mill '^a.sQVQC.iQdi in 1874 by Mr. 
Terrill at a cost of $8,000, including machinery. Size of main 
building, 60x30 feet, three stories and basement. The engine-room 
is 37 X 25 feet, 45 horse-power engine, 24 inch stroke. There are 
two warehouses, one of them 60 x 30, and the other 25 x 40, one 
story. The mill is located on Fourth street, near corner of Triplett 
street. Improvements have been made from time to time, and 
during the fall of 1882 new machinery was put in at a cost of 
$7,000. Capacity of the mill is 100 barrels flour per day. They 
do a large exchange business with farmers in this and some adjoin- 
ing counties, part of the time running day and night. 

Ogden Mills. — The first structure here now constituting the 
larger part of these mills was built in lS56-'7, by Ogdeu & Bro. 
(John D. and Ben L^^^r^^^^rnj^^jp^^l^factory; but finding that 


Mr. J. Thomas liad conclndod not to rebuild liis flouring mill, in 
place of tlie one burned down, Messrs. Ogden turned their works 
into a mill of that kind, attaching also the machinery for wool- 
carding which Jo Daveiss ("Judge") had previously used for two 
yeal■^. They did some carding for about ten years. The flouring 
mill, with tliree run of burrs, was started into operation in Jan- 
uary, is:. 7, and for all the works two eight-inch cylinder engines 
were used. Since then the building lias been con jidorably enlarged, 
a sixty horse-])(iwer engine substituted, and two runs of burrs 
added. John 1). Ogden is the proprietor, his brother, Ben. H., 
having died. The polite and jovial Marcus L. Ogden, another 
brother, is the bookkcei-)er. The proprietor mamifactures the 
"New Process," " Gohl-Dast," and " Gilt-Edge" brands of flour, 
and does both merchaTit and custom work. Mills on St. Elizabeth 
street, near the Planters' Hotel. 

W. J. iSi L. Lnmpkinh Floxhring Mill. — Located at the foot 
of Crittenden street. Built in 1880, 40 x 60 feet and three stories 
high above the basement, besides engine-room; eighty horse- 
power engine; started with Ave run of stone; now have a roller- 
mill added. Capacity, 120 barrels every twenty-four hours. Be- 
sides the mill the proprietoi-s have a warehouse and elevator, 4:0 
X 100 feet, and also three st<n'ies high above the basement. Tiiey 
do both merchant and custom woi-k, dealing in flour, meal, grain 
and mill ofl^al. 

Brick Mamifaoturers. — Accoruing to the Directory of 1882, the 
following were manufacturers (jf brick last year : Robert O. Crutch- 
field, west side of Triplett street, just north of McFarland; Wal- 
lace II. Decker, north side of Fifth, west of Vine; Sweeney & 
Co., west side of Lewis and south of Mcd^'arland; Mrs. Christine 
Tennes, south side of Fifth, second west of Vine; and Terrill & 
Jett, east end of Second street. 

Cigar Maii.ufaehQ'fjrs. — ( .■. II. Bottimweiser, northeast corner of 
second and Elm sti-(;i,'ts; A. Ilehnke, west side of Frederica and 
sixth door soutl; of Second. 

Exi>r,i.-iA Cotiip'inlcs- — R. R. Hathaway, next door south of tlie 
National Bank, is agent for both the .\dams and the Southern Ex- 
press Companies. 

V'hWip'i Bi'OH. (fi McAfei, Dnj Go'tds, Motions and General 

Store. Tins house was bnilt tlic suiiinicr (;f 1S81, at a cost of 

«i->() 000. The ruom fruntin:;- Main sti-c^et is 47^ x lOO feet; the 

;;om fronting on H-^i^fe^^^ A^/»oM'^^'^:/'''''?'^ stories; eel. 
lar full size of building; nvuT , water-])ri)or; cellar is cemented. 


The first floor fronting on Main street is used for dry goods, no- 
tions, boots and shoes; the portion that fronts on Daviess street is 
used for groceries. That part of the second floor that fronts on 
Main street is used for clothing, carpets, window-shades, trunks, 
etc.; the second floor on Daviess street, for queen's-ware and 
millinery. Third floor front ot building is the wholesale depart- 
ment, and third floor fronting Daviess street is used for farming 
implements of every description. The house is arranged with all 
modern improvements. Yearly sales are over $150,000. Trade 
extends to all the surrounding country and Southern Indiana. 
Phillips Brothers reside in Lebanon, Ky. , and the house is under 
the immediate supervision of T. W. McAtee. 

Citizens' Building cmd Loan Association. — This was organized 
in the summer of 1872, under the general law, to enable its mem- 
bers the more easily to erect buildings in the city of Owensboro. 
It was governed by a board of directors. The capital stock was 
formed by subscribed shares of $1 weekly payments. Any share- 
holder, by giving real-estate security, could borrow of the capital 
fund thus created a sufficient amount to aid him in the construction 
of a dwelling at a fair rate of interest and on a long credit. First 
officers: R. H. Taylor, President; Jo. Thomas, Secretary; P. T. 
Watkins, Treasurer; and J. W. Feighan, Attorney. Present offi- 
cers: "W". T. Owens, President; E. S. Hughes, Secretary; J. H. Mc- 
Henry, Attorney. The association is inactive at present, but in 
former times it has done a great deal of good. 

Mechanics' Savings Association. — This was organized some time 
after the foregoing, for similar purposes; but it has not accom- 
plished much. 

Peoples' Wharf-Boat and Transfer Company was organized 
about 1869, the incorporators being E. S. Hughes, John S. Wool- 
folk, John B. Scott and J. D. Powers. The object of the company 
is the transportation of freight and passengers, by either rail or 
river, to any point. They have a good wharf-boat here. Capital, 
$25,000. The present stockholders are: E. S. Hughes, Hamilton 
Alexander and J. D. Powers. The latter has always been Presi- 
dent of the corporation. Mr. Hughes is Secretary and Treasurer. 

The Owensboro and Rochport Tromsfer Company., consisting ot 
J. H. Cox, E. Monarch and J. H. Triplett, was incorporated Dec. 
29, 1882, for twenty-five years, " to build, buy and sell steamboats, 
machinery, barges and wharf-boats, and use and navigate the same 
for the transportation and forwarding of freight and passengers be- 

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tween Owensboro, Ky., and Eockport, Ind., or anywhere else ie- 
sired, and all other purposes for which steamboats and barges and 
wharf-boats are adapted or used." Capital stock, $2,300, in scares 
of $50. Commenced business Feb. 1, 1883. Have a large A^harf- 
boat at Owensboro. Run the II. M. Sweetser at present, mainly 
between Owensboro and Eockport, three trips a day. John H. 
Triplett, Jr., Agent. 

Steam Ferry Company. — This company was formed in June, 
1882, as a stock company. President, T. S. Anderson ; Secretary 
and Treasurer, E. L. Courtney. They run a very large, nice ferry- 
boat, charging teamsters only two fifths of what the law allows. 
This is the first steam ferry ever run at this point, the boats hereto- 
fore having always been run by hand. 

Owensboro Water Company. — This company was incorporated 
Sept. 9, 1878, for twentj'-five years, and consisted of Dennis 
Long, of Louisville, John G. Barrett, Donald McPlierson and 
Samuel A. Miller. Authorized capital stock, i?SO,0(»0, and a board 
of seven directors to control, who are elected annually on the 
second Monday in September. Mr. Long proposed to the city 
council to erect the works on the Holly system, on condition that 
the city would take fifty-five fire plugs at $75 each per year. This 
proposition was accepted, and the contract for building the works 
was awarded to Coverdale & Cowell, of Cincinnati, who completed 
them by the following July. Two engines and two pumps were 
placed in the establishment, with a capacity of 2,.-)00,0(i!i galloi-.s 
daily. The engines have cylinders twenty-five inches in diar etei 
by tliirty inches stroke, and are eighty lioi-se-]iower. Tlie .iimps, 
which are located at the bottom of a .sliaft thirty- thre, .eet doej:) 
are fourteen inches in diameter by thirty iiu'hcs stroke There are 
two boilers, sixteen feet by five feet eacli, with fifty-^'.-inr three ai^d 
a half inch tubes, set separately, so that either or 'xith can be us;id 
at pleasure. 

The buildings are substantially built of bi'ick. with stone trim 
miners. The smoke stack i^ bovency-five foot iiigh. 

Au"-. 11, 1880, a boiler exploded, half ruining tlie water work^ 
Cause unknown. 

The present officers are: De7inis Long, Pro^idont; 11. II. ITutc'ii- 
son. Secretary and Treasurer, bothref^idents orLwui-ivill". The (Gen- 
eral Manager is Samuel ^_ Miller, and Henry P. Martin, Super- 
intendent, succeeding J. M. Carson, Dcconihor, l-^Sii. The avurage 
amount of water consulted per week is about I'jOOO.nOO galloTis; 

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h\^. when all the distilleries are running, -as high as 2,500,000 
gallons have been raised by the works. 

B'hmh Electric Light omd Power Company. — This also is an 
incorp. rated stock company, organized in October, 1882. W. F. 
Eeinhardt, President; Joseph Lee, Treasurer, and J. W. Porter, 
Secretary and Manager. The other incorporators are John Rein- 
hardt, Geo. "W. Jolly, T. J. Higgins. Capital, $5,000, in shares at 
$100, all taken. The company start out by using a sixteen-light 
dynamo, each light of 2,000 candle-power. The engine-power is 
rented of J. G. Delker. Up to date about $4,000 have been ex- 
pended in the enterprise, and at present there are thirteen sub- 

Telephone. — In the spring of 1880 J. W. Porter organized the 
" Owensboro Telephone Exchange." The incorporators were 
Geo. W. Williams, M. V. Monarch, T. J. Monarch, and J. W. 
Porter. M. V. Monarch was elected President; Breck. Speed, 
Secretary and Treasurer, and Mr. Porter, Superintendent. They 
immediately put up lines and commenced operations, connecting 
with Henderson and Evansville, and ran under this regime until 
May, 1882, when they sold out to the Evansville Telephone 
Exchange, which has eight or ten counties. There are 113 patrons 
in Owensbdfo. T^he central ofBce is on St. Ann street, opposite 
the east door ot ne court-house. 

City Hall. — This building was formerly the "Bransford Insti- 
t^:ite" (see further on, under the head of Educational), and was 
pnr<i.hased of him by the. city in 1871, at $10,000. The Police 
Court ii held n the* lower story, and the Common Council in the 

HalVa Opera House. — This is the second and third stories of the 
large business block erected by Frank L. Hall in 1869, at the 
southeast corner of the public square. Size, 88 x 105 feet. Cost, 
$20,000. At that time it was the finest building in Owens- 
boro. it was afterward appraised at $30,000. The ceiling is 
eighteen feet aibove the floor. It is the only dramatic hall in the 

Owensboro Fire Depa/rtment. — ^For many years previous to the 
date of the city charter the citizens of Owensboro had often dis- 
cussed the question and long felt the need of some sort of an insti- 
tution to enable them to effectually meet and conquer that great 
enemy of city and town — the " raging ftames." Accordingly, in 

1866, when Owensboro assumed metropolitan proportions and was 
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.planted ii city cliartor, to meet the growitij:; demands of this rising 
commercial center, the Owensboro Fire Department was organ- 
ized. The department is equipped with an excellent steam fire- 
engine— the Ben Bransford, No. I, purchased in 1872. The offi- 
cers of the department are: A. F. Alms, Chief; W. J. McGee, 
Engineer; F. Q. Washburn, Driver. Four men compose the force. 
Tt costs the city annually about $8,600 to supply the current 
xpenses of tlie department. 

The Toion Clock was completed and set rum ing during the first 
wv ek of December, 1868. The tower was not originally built for 
a ilock, and the County Court ordered the necessary changes 
male, which cost $200. The clock cost $550 in Boston, Mass.; 
the weights were cast in Owensboro, at a cost probably of about 
$150. The time weight weighs 250 pounds, and the striking 
weight 1,000 pounds. All the expenses of this enterprise were 
borne by private subscription. The magnificent bell was bought 
by Judge Triplett, of Wm. Kaye, Louisville, and cost $450. It 
weighs about 1,200 pounds. 

Owensboro Oas Company was organized in June, 1860, as a 
stock company, with shares at $100. Capital, $25,000. Number 
of shares taken, 189. The first officers were T. H. Pointer, 
President; E. H. Taylor, Secretary and Treasurei M. J. Miller, 
Superintendent.. Directors: T. H. Pointer, S. M. Wing, F. L. 
Hall, A. Gilmour, and J. H. Blair. M. J. Miller was the eon- 
tractor, who took one third of the stock, the trustees of the town 
took one third, and citizens the remainder. The works are located 
at the foot of St. Elizabeth street, and have a capacity of 16,000 
cubic feet daily. Present number of street lamps, 112. The lot 
of ground was purchased of Wing & Bransford, for $1,200. The 
works have been enlarged, and mains very much extended. At 
first the price of gas was $4 per thousand feet, but the present 
rate is only $2.25. During the war, at one time, when coal was 
very high, gas rose to $6 per thousand feet. Present officers: A. 
Gilmour, President; P. T. Watkins, Secretary and Treasurer; 
James York, Superintendent. 

City Railway Company. — This was organized in September, 
1877. A sufficient amount of stock was subscribed, it was thought 
at the time, to build the proposed line; but the prospect of 
increased stringency in commerce led the company to postpone 
further action indefinitely. It seems now, however, that the en- 
terprise, if pushed through then, would have proved remunerative. 

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Printing Officex. — There are four job printing offices in Owens. 
boro. Those of tlie Messenger tfi Exam,iner and the Saturday 
Pi:)S^ are already alluded to in Chapter YIII. 0. T Kendall cfe Oo?8, 
on the same floor with the latter, was opened Jan. 15, 1880. The 
" Co. " comprises George & Walter Parrish, and W. E. and I. N. 
Parrish. Ernest Bishop's is on the north side of Second street, 
a few doors east of Frederica street. 

Frits Luethi^s book bindery is on the north side of Second 
street, fourth door west of Frederica street. 

liosenthaVs Bottling Warhs, on the north side of Second street, 
near the railroad, is still flourishing. Bottling beer, ale and otiier 
liquors is the enterprise here. 

Watch Factory. — This never existed in Owensboro, but a m>ve- 
aient for the establishment of one was inaugurated in 1882, by 
fifteen men, who proposed to put in $1,000 each for the object. 
A donation of eight acres of land, however, was asked, and a 
subscription stock to the amount of $60,000. The chief operators of 
this scheme were parties from abroad, and not being exactly the 
men for the place, the proposed enterprise "fell through. " 


First National. — This is the newest by name but the oldest in 
business, of all the banks in the city. The first bank in Owensboro 
was a branch of the " Southern Bank of Kentucky, " and was es- 
tablished here Aug. 5, 1850, with the following Directors: Wm. 
Bell, Simpson Stint, Christopher D.Jackson, Junius B. Alexander, 
Samuel M. Wing, James H. Blair, Wm. T. Short, S. M. Moorman 
and Philip Triplett. Aug. 12 following Mr. Alexander was chosen 
President and James B. Anderson, Cashier. The principal bank 
was at Louisville, and was a State bank of issue. In June, 1853, 
Mr. Alexander resigned his presidency, and was succeeded by Wm. 
Bell. He moved to Louisville, thence to St. Louis, and during the 
war moved to New York. In all these places he followed banking, 
made a fortune in New York, retired, and now lives on Staten 
Island, N. Y. 

In 1855 Wm. Bell was succeeded as President by S. M. Wing. 
April 1, 1864, the institution was changed to the " Planters' Bank 
of Kentucky. " Mr. Anderson died in October, 1864, and his son, 
T. S. Anderson, was chosen as Cashier in his place. May 24, 
1870, Mr. Wing resigned, and Daniel M. GriflSth was chosen Presi- 
dent in his place. Sept. 1,1871, T. S. Anderson resigned, and 
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Phil T. Watkins succeeded as Cashier. March 6, 1872, Mr. Grif- 
fith resigned as President, and R. II, Taylor was appointed in his 
place. Messrs. Taylor and Watkins still retain the positions last 
named. Joseph Thomas is Teller. 

Nov. 1, 1881, the bank was converted into the " First National 
Bankof Owensboro, Ky." Capital, $137,900. Present Directors: 
E. H. Taylor, J. D. Powers, E. H. Luckett, A. J. Turpin, A. 
Eosenfeld, James H. Hickman and M. V. Monarch. 

Deposit Banh.—Th\& was established Oct. 1, 1860, with a capital 
of $50,000, since increased to $200,000. Hon. Thos. C. McCreery 
was President from the commencement to Feb. 17, 1864 since 
which date Mr. James Weir has had that position. W. B. Tyler 
was Cashier from the first to the time of his death, Dec. 4, 1877 
since which time John Wandling has fulfilled the place. Present 
Directors: Wm. N. Sweeney, Ben. Bransford and F. T. Gunther. 
John H. Smith, just deceased, leaves a vacancy on this board not 
yet filled. Following was the condition of this bank Dec. 30, 1882: 


Bills and notes discounted. $444,160.76 

Debts in suit 3,236.51 

Real estate (for debt) 13,662.83 

Stocks and bonds 34,000.00 

Banking House 8,000.00 

Safes and office furniture. . . 2,000.00 

Revenue Stamps 175.00 

Due from banks 39,850.01 

Cash 38,686.33 



Capital stock $200,000.00 

Deposits 269,776.38 

Bills re-discounted 98,923.00 

Dividends unpaid 100.00 

Dividend No. 41 5 per cent. 10,000.00 

Due banks 2,459.91 

Balance of contingent fund . 2,512.14 


^■Owensboro Savings Bank. — This institution was chartered by 
the Legislature in January, 1871, and began business Feb. 17 fol- 
lowing, in the room next door to the postoffice, on St. Ann street. 
While cashier of the Planters' Bank, of this city, Mr. T. S. Ander- 
son, now President of the Savings Bank, saw the necessity of a 
bank that would meet the wants of all, and he and his brother, W. 
K. Anderson, conceived the idea of establishing such an institution 
in Owensboro. Their business so increased that their old quarters 
began to be too small; and they built, at the northwest corner of 
Main and Allen streets, one of the finest bank and office buildings 
in all the West, which they now occupy. The charter of this bank 
makes all the private property of its stockholders, in addition to 
the capital and surplus, liable for its corporate debts — the best 
guarantee of its safe management, and one that is offered by no 
other bank in this city. James H. Parrish is Cashier. 

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Following is a statement of the condition of this bank at the 
close of business Dec. 30, 1882: 


Discounted paper $246,424.67 

Rfial estate for debt 4,560.79 

Bouds and stocks 19,975.00 

Banking house 14,082.53 

Bank fixtures aud furniture. 2,51 3.65 

Due by banks 44,079.23 

Cast 31,053.22 


Capital stock.. .$25,000.00 

Surplus fund... 20,000.00— 45.000.00 

Deposits 317,689.09 

Total $363,689.09 

Total $362,689.09 

Farmers & Traders' BanJe. — This is situated on the north side 
of Main street, six doors east of Bolivar. L. Gray is President; 
A. J. Mitchell, Vice-President, and Wm. H. Moore, Cashier. This 
bank was opened for business 'Sov. 16, 1876, at the above place. 
The first Directors were: Dr. A. D. Hill, President; L. Gray, Yice- 
President; A. J. Mitchell, J. B. Cruse and W. T. Elliott. E. B. 
Colgan, Cashier. The corporation was organized as a stock com- 
pany. Dr. Hill died Dec. 20, 1877, and L. Gray was elected 
President in his place. Mr. Colgan died Aug. 18, 1877, and Wm. 
H. Moore was appointed Cashier in his place, which position he 
still holds. 

Following is their last semi-annual statement, which shows the 
present condition of the bank, Dec. 30, 1882: 


Bills and notes discounted. .$110,465.08 

Due from banks 11,663.39 

Cash on hand 12,034.04 

Debts in suit 772,00 

Furniture and fixtures 1,326.33 

Protest account 12.83 



Capital stock paid up $33,000.00 

Due depositors 90,918.23 

Dividends unpaid 195.00 

Dividend No. 12 this day de- 
clared , 1,600.00 

Amount due as interest to 

Jan. 1 944.20 

Profit and loss account 10,606.25 



Planters' Hotel. — This is the only first-class hotel in Owensboro. 

Its most ancient predecessor had the same name. It was the 
first hotel in the city, a frame building, erected by Timothy Bur- 
gess. In the process of time, a more commodious edifice becom- 
ing necessary, this was moved to the rear of the lot to be occupied 
by colored servants, while on the old site was put up a handsome 
two-story hotel, which is a part of the present block. It has been 
niised one story and wings added. Mr. Burgess sold the building 

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aiiont 18V5. lie died in InTT), aged seveiity-aine, and considered 
one of the AeuUhiLst men ii! Daviess County. 

Mr. Flonmiiiio- was the ne\t proprietor of the building, and the 
ne.xt and prose;it (iwiier is Dr. J. F. Iviinblej. 

The Washiiirm Hoii.^e, now kojit by tlie proprietorw of the Plant- 
ers', was builtia 1877, by Daniel M. GrifKth, who rented it to IJ. 
T. Wasbtuiriie, and the latter admitted to partnersliip Geo. I). 
Mattingly. Afterward he sold his interest to Alex. Moreland, and 
the tirm became Mattingly & Moreland, the present proprietors of 
both buildings. The Washburne building in 1878 was sold to Mrs. 
M. L. Crockett, wife of Americus Crockett, of Louisville. It stands 
on the site formerly occupied by a grocery, which had been pre- 
viously the Southern Bank, and the Planters' Bank. The first 
story is 22 x 134, and the second and tliird stories are 44 feet in 

The proprietors of the business of the Planters' Hotel have been 
Mr. Hathaway, J. C. Ashby, 0. H. Hughes, James F. Smith and 
now Matting]}' & Moreland. 

The two buildings contain sixty-five furnished rooms. Tran 
sient rates, $2 a day. About 90 to 100 is the average daily number 
taking meals at this house. 

The Planters' House has had a long and eventful history, and 
the noteworthy instances occuring in connection with it may be 
numbered by hundreds. The following comes to hand: In 1875, 
when the " civil rights " law prominently occupied public attention, 
and Mr. Hathaway was conducting the above institution, a negro 
presented himself one day for accommodations, under the aforesaid 
law concerning hotels. Mr. H. refused him on the ground tiiat 
" this was not a ' hotel.' but a private boarding house." 

Spoern's Hotel. — This is located on the northeast corner of 
Second and Elizabeth streets which is only a square from the 
wharf. John Spoerri, proprietor. 

Monitor Hotel is on the west side. of Frederica street, only half 
a square from the boat landing. J. 11. McCullough, proprietor. 

Palmer Hmnc, east side of Frederica, about opposite the last. 
Thomas Palmer, proprietor. 

BrooM Hotel, west side of Frederica street, between Third and 
Fourth streets. F. W. Brooks, proprietor. 

Neal Home, northwest corner of Second and Pearl streets, or 
about four sc^uares east of the depot. 

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35 s 




! CAJ'ITAl,. 


'i IJlacksiaiitirt 

1 BtdSpriugs 

3 Bakery and Confec'y- • ■ 
11 Carpeuters 

1 Carriage Works 

1 Cigar-Maker 

6 Coopers 

1 Foundry and Macli 

1 Horse-Shoer 

1 Gas Works 

1 Mattress- Makpr 

2 Publishers and Printers 

4 Painters and Glaziers.. . 

1 PlumbinK and Fitting. . 

3 Planing Mills 

2 Shingle Works 

5 Saddle and Harness. . . . 
1 Sheet Metal Work 

3 Tinners 

1 Merchant Tailor 

2 Wagon-Makers 

1 Blacksmith and Wagon. 

1 Marble Works 

1 Wool Carder 

17 Tobacco Factories 

5 Boots and Shoes 

1 Tannery 

1 Agric'l Implements 

3 Fiour Mills 

3 Meat Packers 

3 Brick Yards 

$ 850 









$ 1,484 




































7 300 












440 5!29 














)p 3,8 ( ^' 












19 400 






13 500 






537 445 

12 032 






Properly to interpret the above, the usual allowance for the sin- 
gular, freakish defects of the census must be made. 

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Daviess County Seminary. — The oldest school building in 
Owensboro is the southernmost brick structure of what is now the 
Upper "Ward School. It was erected by Philip Thompson, in 
consideration of which a number of town lots were deeded to him 
by the trustees. The ground on which this house was built was 
originally donated to the town for school purposes. The institution 
was chartered about 1820. The most eminent teacher here in early 
day was probably George Scarborough, a relative of P. T. "Watkins 
and a native of Massachusetts. He taught school in this place about 
1830 to 1840. On leaving here he sold a large collection of geo- 
logical specimens to parties m this place, for use in the public 
schools. He went to Kansas, and from there to ITew Jersey, where 
he at a recent date was still residing. 

Owensboro Academy. — This was started in the old Daviess County 
Seminary building about 1853, by Professor H. P. Hart, assisted 
by Mr.Palmer. This was one of the best schools Owensboro ever 
had. After a few years Professor Hart was succeeded by H. M. 
Woodruff, who subsequently edited the Owensboro Monitor; and 
in 1857 Malcolm Mclntyre was employed as assistant. Profes- 
sor Burke was instructor of languages; Professor Halbey, of 
music; and for a time Mrs. Lillie Singleton had charge of the 
female department. Geo. L. Reinhardt was also assistant for a 
time. Profs. Hart and Woodruff erected the second brick building 
joining north of the original one. 

The great war put a stop to this school. Many prominent and 
talented men have been educated at this academy, among them Riee 
E. Graves, who was afterward educated at West Point, went into 
the Confederate army and was killed at Chickamauga; John 0. 
Pegram; Amos R.Taylor, a lawyer of St. Louis ; E. Rumsey Wing, 
Minister to Equador; Weir Wing, Lawrence Raid, Lemuel and 
Estill McHenry, Samuel Morton and others. Professor Hart went 
to Texas in 1872 or '3 and died there. His widow is now teaching 


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in the i)ul)lii'. bcii"i>;s nt (>\vi'n.-boro. Mr. Mclntyre is still here, 
in the revenue coliecrni-V otiicc. 

During the war tlii- ii.stitiition of learning flourished in Owens- 
boro, under the j)rinciprd^ir[p of Colonel JoIiti II. Allen of Mary- 
land, a graduate of West Point Military Academy and an intelligent 
Christian teacher ot eighteen years' experience. All the branches 
of a collegiate course were taught in this academy, including 
military drill. Trustees: S. M. AVing, President; W.B.Tyler, B. 
Bransford. D. M. GritEth, J. [I. Branham, R. M. Hathaway and 
G. 11. Yeaman. 

School was kept in this building generally about ten montha in 
the year during its long history. 

Directly after the war the Baptists proposed to establish a col- 
lege in Owensboro, with a charter. Accordingl}', Feb. 13, lS66,an 
act of the Legislature was approved, authorizing the following 
Board of Trustees, in behalf of the " Central Baptist Educational 
Society," to occupy the aforesaid property: Dr. J. F. Kimbley, C- 
K. Moorman, W. B. Tyler, J. M. Dawson, Rev. J. C. Maple, J. N. 
Peay, and Dr. Joseph Otis. This board was authorized to confer 
all literary degrees, as in the best institutions of learning. 

Thus they obtained the premises, on condition that they would 
erect another building at a cost of $10,000. They erected the 
building and called Prof. J. H. Gray to open out the school. The 
Professor organized the institution as a male school, and conducted 
it Ruccessfullj' for five years. lie was assisted at first by Dr. Otis, 
and afterward by Prof. Pointer. The attendance ranged from fifty 
to sixt}-, but during the last live months the pupils numbered 
about forty, and Prof. Gray was alone. 

About this time the citizens of Owensboro made a move toward 
establishing free schools; ai"i as the College was sustained princi- 
pally by local patronage, i* ,i- seen that it cnuKI not be kept up 
in competition with fi-ee schools, and the institution was therefore 
abandoned, and the building sold to the city. 

Wif^ker^s ScJiOol. — Pi-of. W. G. AValker taught school for six -yr 
eight yc^ars, commencing in the spring of 180:^, in the boardirtg- 
hou^e building on St. Ann street, afterward purchased by Mr. 
Bransford. He had as many as forty or fifty boarding ])upils, be- 
sides about sixty from the citv. It was a most flourishing school, 
brit, \un\i [• ni'<.rie('t, it graOually died. 

Br'nt!fi>idliist'itntt. — In the year 1802, Mr. IJeiijainin Brans- 
ibvi], fur whiiin the iuslitute was name 1, purchased a lot and build- 

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iiiir on St. Ann street, between Third and Fonrtli streets, then naed 
&^ a Ixiardiiig sclmol, and erecting by its side a two-story addition, 
oi>ened a Bchuol for the use of the general public. The need of a 
properly conducted institution of tliis kind had long been felt in 
Ovvcnsboro, as there were no free schools in the State at that date, 
and parents were obliged to send their cliildren to other cities where 
educational facilities were to be found. Mr. Bransford moved 
alone in this enterprise, and devoted much time and a small fortune 
to the turtberance of the project. The building erected for this 
purpose was 75 x4:5 feet. The rooms were fitted up with the best 
imjiroved furniture and modern appliances, purchased principally 
in New York. The buiidin;;; was dedicated on Christmas eve, 1862, 
and was on that occasion christened ''Bransford Institute." It was 
chartered under the laws of the State of Kentucky. Prof. Wm. 
Marriner, of Leban'on University, was engaged as principal, the 
school remainin:;- imder his charge for three years. Ilov. E. B. 
Crisinan, M. A., of Memjtliis, succeeded him one year, followed by 
Prof. Arnistroni; two years. It was then presided over for two 
years by Mrs. ]\[iiler, wife of Rev. A. B. Miller. At the expira- 
tion of the last term, the city and county had ado])ted the free- 
school system, and the Institute was no longer a necessity. After 
the sus])t-nsion of the Institute Mr. Bransford sold the property, 
the new building being purchased by the city and now in use as 
the city hall; aiiJ the older portion to Mr. Bl. Auer, who has turned 
it into a tenement house. Mr. Bransford expended nearly $35,000 
in building and fitting up this school, and realized but about one- 
third that amount in the sale of the property afterward. While 
the school was in operation ho turned it over to the respective prin- 
cipals, askiiiir only tliat his children be educated there. 

Daviess Academy. — This was taught, near the close of the war, 
by Uev. II. T. Morton, Principal, and J. C. Maple, Instructor 
in Mathematics. 

(Joitrnl Hiij'tist College. — An association of Baptists, just 
after the close of the war, asked the Legislature to place the Owens- 
biiid si'hool building (now Upper Ward) under their control, for 
the jnii pose of making it the seat of a college. 

TI" V'"/,/h.ii> Fi tiKth Iiistitvfe, located on the corner of Fourth 
and AValnul street-, was first organized under the direction and 
nianagcmont of -Mrs. Iv Sue Phillips in isdS, and was chartered 
by the Koutiu-ky Legishature nmier tliat name. V Piiillipscar- 
ried on tiie -^cliooi successfally for several ye .nd was sue- 

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ceeded by Prof. J. TL. Gra.y, tlieii by Prof. Win. Wines, and tben 
by Prof. Thos. W. Mitclieli, a minister. Tlie scliool is now (1883) 
■under the manaj^einent of Mrs. M. F. Van Rensselaer and Mrs. 
M. E. Klinger, with a competent corps of teacliers. The princi- 
pals of the school mentioned above liave all been experienced 
teachers of long standing, and, by faithful and earnest work, have 
made the school a necessity to the city and neighborhood. In 
connection with the scliool is a boarding liouse, under the super- 
vision of the teachers, where ])upils from a distance can find 
ample accommodations. The enrollmcint for the present j'ear 
is over 100 pupils, with a present attendance of seventy -iive. 
The English branches, bookkeeping, liigher niatiiematics, draw- 
ing, painting, music, French and Latin are taught — the last men- 
tioned by Rev. B. D. Cockrill. 

Owenshoro Classical School. — This is taught by the veteran 
educator, Prof. J. H. Gray, in a frame building erected for the 
purpose, 18 x 32, on Bolivar street, between Fourth and Fifth. 
Attendance about thirty-eight. Strict discipline. Thorough in- 
struction. " Excelsior" school furniture. Common and higher 
branches taught, including a complete collegiate course. Prof. 
Gray is personally well known to the Owensboro people, he hav- 
ing organized and successfully conducted the Baptist College, the 
Owensboro graded schools, etc., and having had thirty years' ex- 
perience as a teacher — fifteen in a standard college. 

Ths '■'■ Amencan- German School Association'''' was chartered 
and organized in January, 1863, for the purpose of instructing 
the German youth in all the common brandies, including English. 
They employed two teachers most of the time, built a school-house 
in the upper part of town, and taught a flourishing school until 
about the time the free-schools were established in 1871. They 
supported their schools by subscription mostly; a small fund was 
drawn from the public treasury. 

Business and Commercial Schools. — The principal teacliers in 
this class of schools in Owensboro have been Dr. J. Otis, J. H. 
Crutcher, and Geo. W- Crutcher. 


March 13, 1871, an act of the State Legislature was approved 
constituting the city of Owensboro a school district, independent of 
the general school laws of the State. It places the public schools 
of the city under the control of a Board of Trustee s. to be elected by 

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the people,— three from each of the two wards, " To be elected for a 
period of two years, and at the same time and place that city coun- 
cilmen are elected. The pecnliar features of the charter are, the re- 
quirement that the German language shall be taught, and tliat no 
colored pupils shall be admitted into these schools. The schools 
are to he supported by a special public tax; but the trustees may 
iisuo bonds to the amount of $30,000, not exceeding ten per cent. 
This act was ratified by the citizens April G, following. The ordi- 
nary '^pcr capita''' is drawn from the State fund. The first meeting of 
the trustees under the provisions of the foregoing charter was held 
the next evening, the Mayor, S. D. Kennady, ex-officio President, 
when the Trustees elected were found to be, Dr. W. D. Stirman, 
John Wandling, Camden Riley, John Thixton, Philander Road 
and J. H. Branham. Dr. David Todd was appointed Census Taker 
and J. H. Gray, Superintendent of Schools. Messrs. Wandling, 
Kiley, Stirman and Read were appointed a committee to ascertain 
what property could be bought for school purposes, and the probable 
cost of the same. The first Friday night of each month was fixed 
as the time for regular meetings. 

May 3 it was determined to have one ward school in each ward. 
May 12, Messrs. Riley aiid Stirman were appointed a committee 
to draft plans and specifications for a building in the Second Ward, 
Buflicient to accommodate 275 to 300 pupils. May 19, plans and 
specifications drafted by John Fields adopted, and a committee 
appointed to advertise for bids; the board offers $11,000 for the 
Baptist College, for a school-house in the First Ward. 

June 5, contract for building the Second Ward school-house was 
awarded to George Brown, of Owensboro, at $7,820, and $12,000 
was ordered paid for the Baptist College building. 

Lower Ward school building erected 1871, at a cost of $12,000 
for building and furniture. Capable of accommodating 300 pupils. 
The building has six rooms, including the basement, which has re- 
cently been fitted up to accommodate increased number of pupils 

The foregoing is a sufficient introduction to the series of pro- 
ceedings had by the trustees of the Owensboro public schools for 
white children. Statistics must tell the rest of the story. 

Tlie following is a list of te:4,chers from the first to date : 

Superintendents.— J . H. Gray, 1871-'3; F. Griffin, 1873-'4r; A. 
G. Brown, 1874-'5; S. T. Lowry, 1875-'81; John B. Solomon 
1881 -'2; A. C. Goodwin, 1882-'3. 

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Principals of the Eigh School.— F. A. Pointer, 1872; S. T. 
Lowry, 1873- '5. 

Piineipals of the First Ward School. — P. A. Pointer, 1872; 
Mrs. M. E. Klinger, 1872-'3; S. 7. Lowry, 1873-'5; W. M. Fisher, 
1875-'7; N. H. Decker, 1878-'0; Mrs. M. E. Klinger, 1879-'82; 
W. A. Hester, 1882-'3. 

Principals of the Second Ward School. — S. T. Lowry, 1871-'2; 
P. A. Pointer, 1872-'3; Mrs. M. E. Klinger, 1873; "W. M Fisher, 
1874-'5; Mrs. M. E. K.inger, 1875-'9; M. G. Stirman, 1879-'80; 
Miss Laura Hughes, 1881-'3. 

Teachers of Intermediate and Prinuiry Grades. — Mrs. M. E. 
Klinger, 1871-'2; P. A. Pointer, 1871-'2; Mrs. Yiola Moseley, 
1871-'5; Mrs. Mary T. Ayer, 1871-'7; Miss Lou C. Colgan (Mrs. 
Moore), 1871-'4; Miss Anna J. Colgan, 1871-'4; Miss Yallie B.. 
Williams, 1872 -'3; Miss Laura HugheS, 1872-'81; Mrs. Eachel A. 
Wandling, 1872-'83; Mrs. M. E. Van Rensselaer, 1872-'80; Mrs. 
Mary A. Hart, 1873-83; Mrs. Fannie Conway, 1874-'83; Miss S. 
L. Swale, 1874-'6; Miss Ella Hawes, 1875-7; Miss Laura Mayo, 
1876-'82; Miss Annie Howard, 1876-'81; Mrs. Sallie Taylor, 
1876-'9; Miss H. A. Wines, 1877- '81; Miss Vitula Jones, 1877- 
'83; Mrs. C. Y. Boyd, 1878-'9; Miss C. C. Tyler, 1878-'83. Miss 
Maria Moorman, 1878-'9; Miss Hart Oowan, 1878-'9; Miss 
CorniaJSTaghel, 1879-'82; Miss Lizzie Field, 1879-'83; Mrs. M. L. 
Singleton, 1880-'3; Miss Lee Brown, 1880-'2; Miss Mary F. Halsel, 
1881-'2; Miss Sophia Gash, 1881-'3; Miss Mattie Haney,1881-'3; 
Miss Lntie Thomas, ]881-'3; Mrs. C. W. Cerf, 1881; Miss Sallie 
Daly, 1881-'2; Miss Mamie Woodsmall, 1881-'3; Miss Carrie 
Green, 1882-'3; Miss Annie Brown, 1882-'3. 

Teachers of German.— Kr. Dg \l\xy,Wll-''2,; O. F. Schultz, 
1872-'3; Miss Weitlauf, 1874-'6; Miss JSTenwohner, 1877-'8; F. 
Bauer, 1879-'81; Rev. H. F. Deters, 1882-'3. 

Besides the fore-mentioned, Mrs. A. J. Swiney and Miss Laura 
Hughes were "Senior teachers " in 1875-'6, and H. A. Wines, 
1877-'8; and C. R. Bishop was "Assistant in First Ward, " iu 

The mayor of Owenshoro was ex-officlo president of the School 
Board until recently. The law is so changed that the board shall 
elect its own president. The present incumbent of that office 
(1883) is II. P Tompkins. The present board comprises S. H. 
Ford, Dr. E. H. Luckett and B. F. Rice, of the First Ward; and 
Dr. C. H. Todd, George Brown and I. W. Sutherland, of the Sec- 

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ond. The present standing committees are: Finance — Todd .lud 
Brown; Salaries and Supplies — Sutherland and Luckett; I'uild- 
ings and Grounds — Ford and Sutherland; Printing and Revision — 
Brown and Ford; Grievances — Luckett, Kice and Todd; Rules — 
Rice and Todd. 

Board of Trustees. — II. P. Tompkins, President; Dr. S. H. 
Ford, Dr. 0. H. Todd, George Brown, Dr. E. II. Luckett, J. F. 
Rice and R. W. Sutherland. 

Instructm^s. — Prof. A .0. Goodwin, Superintendent; Prof. W. 
A. Hester and Miss Laura Hughes, Principals; Airs. F. Con- 
way, Miss Carrie Green, Mrs. M. E. Hart, Miss Lizzie Field, Mrs 
M. L. Singleton, Miss Vitula Jones and Miss Mamie Woodsmall, 
Intermediate teachers; Miss Fannie S. Colvin, Miss R. A. Wand 
ling. Miss Lutie Thomas, Miss Annie Brown, Miss Mattie Haney, 
Miss Sophie Gash, Miss 0. C. Tyler, Primary teachers; and Rev. 
H. F. Deters, German teacher. 

1871. — President, ex officio., S. D. Kennady; Trustees, John 
Thixton, John "Wandling, Camden Riley, Dr. W. D. Stirman, 
Philander Read and J. H. Branham (resigned, succeeded by 
Charles "Werner); Clerk of Board, Ed. Morman; Superintendent, 
Prof. J.H. Gray. 

1872. — President, Ben. Bran sford; Trustees, Dr. W. D. Stirman, 
George W. Williams, Charles Werner, John Wandling, Dr. C. 
H. Todd and Dr. B. II. Hobbs;; Clerk, E. B. Colgan ;" Superin- 
tendent, Prof. J. H. Gray. 

1873.— President, Ben. Bransford ; Trustees, Dr. G. II. Todd, 
Dr. B. H. Hobbs, Charles Werner, R. AY. Sutherland, L. W. 
Marble and John- Wandling ; Clerk, E. B. Colgan; Superintendent, 
Prof. J. H. Gray, succeeded by Prof. Frank Griffin. 

1874. — President, George Brown ; Trustees, R. W. Sutherland, 
L. W. Marble; John Wandling, Dr. C. 11. Todd, Charles Werner 
and Dr. J. Q. A. Stewart; Clerk, S. F. Lowry; Superintendent, 
Prof. Frank Griffin, succeeded by Prof A. G. Bi-own. 

1875. — President, George Hi-own; Trustees, Dr. 0. 11. Todd, 
Charles Werner, J. Q. A. Stewart, L. W. Marble, John Thixton 
and B. H. Hobbs; Clerk, S. T. Lowry (resigned and succeeded by 
David F. Todd); Superintendent, Prof. A. G. Brown, succeeded by 
Prof. S. T. Lowry. 

1876. — President, George Brown ; Trustees, L. W. Marble, 
John Thixton, B. II. Hobbs, J. Q. A. Stewart, S. H. Ford and 

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Dr. C. H. Todd; Clerk, David F.Todd; Superintendent, Prof. S. 
T. Lowry. 

1877. ^President, George Brown; Trustees, J. Q. A. Stewart, 
S. H. Ford, Dr. C. H. Todd, J. H. McHenry, T. H. Frayser and 
Dr. B. H. Hobbs ; Clerk, D. F. Todd (died, succeeded by W. H. 
Owen); Superintendent, S. T. Lowry. 

1878.— President, John Thixton ; Trustees, J. H. McHenry, T. 
H. Frayser, Dr. B. H. Hobbs, K. W. Sutherland. James Kennady 
and John Wandling; Clerk, W. H. Owen; Superintendent, Prof. 
S. T. Lowry. 

1879.— President, John Thixton; Trustees, E. "W. Sutherland, 
James Kennady, John Wandling, F. J. Clarke, Henry Megill and 
Dr. C. C. Watkins; Clerk, W. H. Owen ; Superintendent, Prof. 
S. T. Lowry. 

1880. — President, James K. Tharpe; Trustees, F. J. Clarke, 
Henry Megill, Dr. C. C. "Watkins (resigned and succeeded by T. 
H. Frayser), John Wandling, J. F. Eice and E. W. Sutherland; 
Clerk, W. H. Owen; Superintendent, Professor S. T. Lowry. 

1881. — President, James K. Tharpe; Trustees, John Wandlin 
E. W. Sutherland, J. F. Eice, Dr. E. H. Luckett, H. B. Tomp- 
kins and F. J. Clarke; Clerk, W. H. Owen; Superintendent, 
S. T. Lowry, succeeded by Prof. JohnB. Solomon. 

1882.— President, H. P. Tompkins; Trustees, Dr. E. H. Luck- 
ett, J. F. Eice, Isaac Sullivan, Dr. S. H. Ford, Dr. C. H. Todd 
and George Brown; Clerk, W. H. Owen; Superintendent, Prof. 
John B. Solomon succeeded by Prof. A. C. Goodwin. 








9. . 











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Buildings and prounda. . . . 
Books for invalid children. 
Cash expenditures 


$ 7,787.50 







|7,933 85 




16 33 


The wages of the Principal of the First "Ward School is $70 a 
month; of the Second Ward School, $fiO; of primary teachers, 
$37.50; of teachers in the intermediate and grammar departments. 

Colored School. — This is supported almost exclusively by the 
State fund, which yields, since August, 1882, $1.30 per child of 
school age. Previously the per capita had thirty to fifty cents. 
There are now about 500 colored children of school age (between 
six and twenty years) in the city of Owensboro. Their school 
building, on Poplar street, between Third and Fourth, was erected 
in 1879, is of brick, and 30 x 40 feet in dimensions. Average at- 
tendance about 200. The teachers are Lewis Metcalf, Principal, 
and Mrs. Anna Vairian and Owen Barrett, Assistants. 

We wish we had space here for biographical sketches of all the 
school teachers of Owensboro from the earliest times to the pres- 
ent, especially of those who remained here some time and 
endeared themselves to the hearts of many children. An account 
of each school would also be interesting, but we have been 
limited to an outline of a few of the most prominent. Among 
the most noted teachers we have already mentioned Mr. Scar- 
borough. We may add here four or five others. 

Prof. P. A. Pointer first taught in the Baptist College in this 
place, then in the public schools, next in Bethel College at Russell- 
ville, and afterward in various other places until his health failed. 
He is now dead. 

Prof. Wm. Wines, a brother of the noted F. H. Wines, sociol- 
ogist, of Illinois, was a most excellent teacher. He was connected 
with the Vaughan Seminary for some time, in its earlier history. 

Prof. Wm. Marriner, Principal of the Bransford Institute about 
three years, was from Lebanon, Tenn., and was a superior teacher. 
His wife also was person of strong mind and a high order of 

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Prof. J. H. Gray: see chapter entitled "Authors and Artists." 
Prof. A. C. Goodwin, present Superintendent of the Owensboro 
City Schools, was born in Clarke County, Ind. After finishing the 
common-school course he attended a classical academy in Jeffer- 
sonville, Ind., and tlien a full course 'at Boyd's Commercial Col- 
lege, Louisville, Ky. At the age of seventeen, during the war, he 
accepted the place of hospital steward at Jeffersonville; afterward 
he followed railroading, then spent three years at Kentucky 
University, Lexington; next was Principal of the Jeffersonville 
(Ind.) High School; then returned to Kentucky University a 
year, and then was Principal of the Male High School at Jeffer- 
sonville a year. He was County Examiner and Superintendent 
1870-'82, when he resigned and came to Owensboro. 

By 1880 Prof. Goodwin had attained so great a reputation as 
an educator that he was placed by the Democracy of Indiana upon 
their ticket for State Superintendent of Public Instruction; but, it 
will be remembered, the Republicans carried Indiana that year. 

Dancing Master. — The most prominent, if not the only, dancing 
master who ever taught the Terpsichorean art in Owensboro, was 
H. C. Lippard, who first came here about 1858, and has made 
periodical visits since that date, excepting during the war. 


St. Stephens' Catholic. — The first religions services according to 
the Catholic faith were held at the residence of W. Coomes, about 
a mile below town, once a month, by Rev. Wathen. The pastors 
since then have been: W. S. Coomes, 1841, to August, 1855*, 
Eugene O'Callaghan, September, 1855, to March, 1870; Ivo Schacht, 
March, 1870, to April, 1874; A. J. Brady, May, 1874, to Nov. 1, 
1877; D. F. Crane, Nov. 1, 1877, to the present. 

The congregation now comprises 235 families. The church 
building, three squares west of the court-house, was erected many 
years ago; and were it not for a stringency of the times at present, 
a larger edifice would be erected. 

Mass every Sunday. Catechetical instruction at St. Francis 
Academy at 2 v. m. 

St. Francis Academy and St. Stephens' Parochial School. — The 
day-school for Catholic children was first taught in the old Daviess 
County Seminary building; but now it is kept in a large house 
built for the purpose, on Third street. The front portion is a two- 
story frame, and the rear a two-story brick. There are now eight 

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teachers employed — Sisters of Charity of Nazareth: Eulalia, Sister 

Rev. "W. S. Coomes died in Louisville about 1874; Rev. O'Cal- 
laghan is now in Fairfield, Nelson Co., Ky. ; Kev. A. J. Brady is 
pastor of the congregation at the Louisville Cathedml. 

Father Ivo Schacht died in April, 1874. He was born in Ei-uj^es 
in 1821, and came to America in 1842; was ordained at Nashville 
in 1843; pastor of the cathedral tifteeri years; then missionary 
among the Indians in Kansas; in 1861 was appointed to St. Al- 
phonsus Church, this county, where he was msti'umental in the 
building of two churches and two flourishing schools. Next lie was 
appointed to Lebanon, where he built a fine chnrch; thence to 
Danville, Paducah,and finally to Owensboro, where he endeared 
himself to the hearts of many people. 

Hev. D. F. Crane was born in the city of Louisville, Ky., in 
May, 1843. His preparatory studies were completed in the Sem- 
inary of St. Thomas, near Bardstown, Ky., after which he was sent 
by his bishop to the American College of Louvain, Belgium. Here 
lie attended the course of the famous University of Louvain, and 
received the degree of Bachelor of Divinity. He was ordained to 
the sacred ministry in August, 1867, and immediately returned to 
his native country. The first year of his ministry was spent as 
professor in St. Mary's College, Marion County, Ky. He then, by 
order of the Bishop of Diocese, took charge of the congregations of 
Shelbyville and mission. This latter at the time embraced the 
counties of Shelby, Spencer, Henrj', Oldham and Trimble. After- 
ward he was sent successively to St. Patrick's Churcb, Louisville, 
Henderson, and to the Theological Seminary near Louisvilie. In 
the seminary he filled the chairs of Mental Philosopiiy and Moral 
Theology. Placed in charge of the congregatiuis at Leliaiion. 
Marion County, he labored there for two year^. whence he \'.as 
removed to his present position in October, 1877. 

St. Josejifi^s Church (Catholic (-rerman). — In ls7(i, while Fiev. 
Callaghan was pastor of St. Stei)lioirrt Chnrch, an En^-'li^li si^'akin.; 
congregation, the Gernian e'eujent was 5C]iaratC'd W-.m'. it ■,^\\.\ .or- 
ganized as St. Joseph's Church, undtT IJev. Fatlier Volk, 'U VVcir 
Louisville, this county. Tiie ninios of th(; lirst nn'n.'ie/!? «(iv; 
PanlToMtie-, Michael Cranio, Yict(.ir Sti'chl. Henry Ijilln! mn. ..i::""i.> 
Meis, George Sohatfer.. I oseph [Lo-^e, Henry l!>)>'j, John Gillis;. Frank 
Cammuil", Andy Eger. etc. The tir>r vciigious sei vice waj heM ie. 

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;-jiti nisiDHv 'II- i)AViK.--s cciL'Nrv. 

the si!ii.Hp!-iii,iisu, coi'iiei-iif Thii'il and Miilborry streets, and Father 
Volk \va- till' Hi'st ) I'cai'lier. 

Ill 1S71 !!!!■ (u'liii.-ni <'atl!olics built a I'raine cliuruh near McFar- 
■aii(i .-riftf. ill Tiii'lctt's and Sweenie's Precinct, SiixiJO I'^et. 
The ehiiii'i -sa.-- dedicated, and tlie tirst ser\iee lield \>y liev. 
Kathe: Sc!a:-lit, who was then pastor i)t' St. Stejjhen's Oiiiirch. The 
first roid.ent jiastor was E. M. Bachnian. wlio preached Ids 
sfrniL>i> iiero June IS, IbT'i. lie ])reiiched one year, tlien went ti> 
Knr.'pe lir a \'ear, Kuv. Father Westeruian supplying ids pulpit 
during bis absence. Father Eacliinan remained pastor of this 
churcli ujitii 1878, when he was called to St. Louis by Rt. liev. 
Bishop Win. McCloskey. Rev. F. J. ITaeseley was tlien sent to 
take charge of St. Joseph's congregation. 

May 12, 1S7S, the frame cluirch on the hill was burned; cause 
unknown. By order of the Rt. Rev. Bishop, . Father Uaeseley 
bniit a temporary church, 30 x 30 feet, on the site of the old church. 
In October of the same year a lot was i)archased of W. Speed, cor- 
ner of Fourth and Clay streets, and the present brick church was 
erected thereon. Size of building, 86 x 43 feet. March 7, 1880, 
the new church was blessed and eervice was held therein by Kev- 
P. J. Uaeseley, the presetit pastor. The new church is not yet quite 
completed. The cost of church and lot is about $10,000. Missions 
were given in the temporary churcli by Bronsgeat Ilillman, and a 
second one in the new church by Rev. Chrysostomus Toffa, 0. B., 
in October, 1882. 

The present ofBcers of the church are Andy Eger and A. M. 
Breitenbach. The congregation comprises about sixty-five fami- 
lies. Cathechetical instruction is given every Sunday, at 2 p. m., 
by the pastor in the church and by the sisters in the school-house. 
Since February, 1881, two Ursuline Sisters have been teaching tiie 
scliool near the present church on Clay street. Number of pupils, 

liov. P. J. Hciesdey was born in Switzerland in 1830, and came 
to America in 1866, landing at New York, March 25. He at- 
tended St. Thomas' Seminary, Nelson Ciunty, Ky., seven years, 
then studied theology at Mount St. Mary's College and Seminary 
at Cincinnati, and in 1867 was ordained to the gospel ministry at 
the cathedral in Louisville. He was first stationed over the con- 
gregation of St. Martin's at Louisville, and then ten years in a 
German settlement about ten miles from Paducah, Ky., where he 
built a church, and lastly, in 1878, he came to Owensboro, arriv- 

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ing here Feb. 18, since which time he has been pastor of St. 
Josepli's Cliurch (Catliolic), as noted above. 

Baptist Church of Owennhoro. — April 1, 1834, Owensboro had 
about '50 people, among whom were two Baptists, both ladies. 
These were Sisters Miller and Pici^ot-t. April 3 of that year, 
George 1!^^. McKay and wife, both Baptists, came fiom Taylorville 
to this place. Dm'iijg tlie^same year came William Head, Irwood 
Daniel and wife, from Shelby County; Mrs. G. W. Triphtt, from 
Great' Crossing, Scott County; John' Stout nnd wife from Buck 
Creek, Shelby County. Rev. Reuben Cottrell commenced preach- 
ing here in the spring of 1834, during which year he baptized two 
colored women. On Saturday before the second Sunday in May, 
a church was constituted in the seminary by Revs. Reuben Cot- 
trell and Thomas Downer, with eight white and eighteen black 
members. At the next meeting William Head, Mrs. Miller and 
Mrs. Tarlton joined. Mr. Cottrell was chosen Pastor, William 
Hood, Clerk, and L. Stout, Deacon. John L. Burrows, a young man 
from New England, was in Kentucky as agent for the China mis- 
sion, and visited Owensboro about Marcliof 1838 or 1839. In the 
early part of May he commenced a f)rotracted meeting litre. 
Elder Ben Crouch was hi)lding a quarterly meeting. Mr. Burrows 
proposed a union meeting, but Mr. Crouch refused, and went on 
with his meetings until Wednesday night, when he closed. Mr. 
Burrows then went into a union meeting with the Methodist 
circuit- rider, i\nd Sam. Elhoun, a lay preacher. The people came 
only to hear Mr. Burrows, su, after a day or two, he did all the 
preaching. The meetings lasted about six weeks, and there 
were 200 per.sous converted, of whom 100 joined the Baptist 
church. Mr. Burrow.s went from here to Pleasant Grove, 
seven miles west of town, where about 100 were converted. 
He also went to Henderson, where lie cons-tituted a churcli 
of about !0(t membeis. He was called to supply the pulpits 
ol these two churclie?, preaching two Sundays at (Owensboro 
and one at Henderson. Tins task he accepted, and performed 
for some time. In September, 1840, Mr. Burrows and wile wore, 
at their own request, dismissed from the society, ani.l went 
to the Fifth Baptist of Philadelphia. He had been very po])U- 
lar with all his people, and they parted with him with regret, 
knowing how useful iiis labors had been for the Owensboro 
church. Rev. J. G. Howard, who had joinetl the church by letter 
in May, 1839, was now ordained as the j^astor. He served the 

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church faithfully for about two and a half years, altliough i)art of 
the time preacliing but once a inoutli, when liev. Alfred Taylor 
was chosen pastor. In December, lS-15, llev. [). E. Hums was 
called to preach the first and fourth Sundays in each nniutli. He 
])reached regularly during 1846, and tlien went to another sectioji 
of the country to labor. Rev. Alfred Taylor became jnistor of the 
Owensboro church in January, 184-7, and preached until May. 
1848, when he resigned. Tin- church was unable to secure the 
services of another pastor until the following January, when Rev. 
V. R. Kirtly was chosen pastor, at a salary of $.J5(). The chui'ch 
now had regular service.'^ every Suiiday, for the first time in many 
years. Mr. Kirtly resigned in January, IS.'il, being a])pointed 
agent for the Kentucky and F(^reign Missionary Society. During 
1851 the church had no regidar ])astor, but in January, I'^oS, they 
secured the services of Rev. L. L. ITelm, at $60t) per aniiiun 
salary. He resigned in August, 1853, and was followed by Rev. 
R. C Euckner, who commenced his labors here Oct. 1-), 18.")4. 
Mr. Buckner resigned in June, 1855, and was parted with by his 
congregation with much regret. The ne.Kt pastor called was Rev. 
N. B. Waller. He accepted the call, but died on his journey to 
Owensboro. The church was again without a pa-tor until May, 
1856, when Rev. A. B. Smith took charge of the church, remain- 
ing until September, 1858. He was followed by Rev. B. T. 
Taylor, who preached until the fall of 1861, when he resigned. 
These were troublous times for the Owensboro Ba])tist fliurch, a.s 
well as for thousands of other churches, many of which died en- 
tirely from the dissensions arising from the war of lS()l-'5. In 
March, 18Gi2, Rev. A. B. Miller became ])astoi- of the Ovven-boi'O 
church, lie was succeeded, in December, 18ti4, by R'n'. -J. C. 
Maple, who left in 1868. Then came Rev. C. C. Chaplin, of Vir- 
ginia, who i'em:iined wilh llie congregation until 1873, and the i 
resigned to accept a call to Paducah. He was a vcrv j)o)iular 
Hum, atid his lo<s was felt. The next to tiil the ])ulp"t of the 
Owensboro church was Rev. T. (/. Stu"!--'" •■•■■,' of ( ircensbur"-, 
Ky. AfUT prt^aching t\\'o \ear.-, he ri.-in'.-'ino to (;i-i-.'u-;li:M-g. l[e 
was succ(H'ded by the pre>ciil- j)as!oi', r,>r. [ !'. Si):.,:ni)H, of 
Sharon, Pa. Tiie i)res('nl mciuberNhip of fliv i-ii:irc!i i^ i'^o '\'\\k' 
Clerk of the church is W. J 1, Owen; 'J'i-cas\ii-"i-, Dr. S. 11. ';■'., rd: 
Finance Committee, Y. I^. Foi-d, J. W. Coleman, and .1. 1-". ."^uUoi;; 
Deacons, "l". F. Ford, James II. Parrisl), Dr. 15. II. llobbs. L. 
Lumpkin, J. Jj. Cruse, John S. Mobc-rly, and John S. I'.iown. 

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The Sunday-school has a nierabershi]> of 135, and is in a flourish- 
ing condition generally. 

Rev. Josiah Bridges Solomon, Pastor of the First Baptist Church 
of Owensboro, was born Jan. 18, 1824, in Franklin County, N. C, 
and is the first son and third child of Jeremiah and Elizabeth 
(Bridges) Solomon, natives also of North Carolina. 

Mr. Solomon's grandfather, "William Solomon, settled in the Isle 
of Wight County, Va. During the Revolutionary war, when the 
British obtained possession of Virginia, he moved into North Caro- 
lina, where he ultimately died, at a very advanced age. He was 
very pious, and on his death-bed he insisted that his attendants 
should help hira out, so that he could get upon his bended knees 
and pray. Assuming this suppliant attitude, he prayed for his 
children, his grandchildren and his great-grandchildren, etc., down 
through the ages to come. After his death four of his sons became 
ministers of the gospel; and every grandchild of his is aClifistian. 
Tiie wife of William Solomon was a Gordon, and a descendant of 
a Scotch clan of that name. Jeremiah was their youngest son, and 
the father of the subject of this sketch. The latter has the blood 
of four nationalities on his father's side — English, Scotch, French 
and German, and two on his mother's — English and Welsh. His 
father died in 1852, and his mother is still living. 

Mr. Solomon was reared on a farm. At the age of eighteen he 
embraced Christianity and joined the Baptist church, being bap- 
tized by Kev. P. H. Smith, in November, 1843. He obtained a 
good academic education, surpassing his classmates in the classical 
languages, mathematics, natural philosopliy, mental and moral 
science, etc. He' then attended Wake Forest College, from which 
he afterward reeei'\ ed the degree of A. M. After teaching school 
a year or two he was appointed a missionary by the North Carolina 
State Convention, and preached as a missionary for two years in 
the counties of Davy, Rowan, Davidson and Surrey. Here his 
work was very l)ard, but at the same time the happiest of his life. 
From his labors in this field grew four churches directly, and indi- 
rectly a number of others. His health failing he returned to the 
farm two years; he then, in Januarj-, 1854, took charge of the 
ohurch at Warrenton, N. C, where he continued eight years, 
increasing the membership from 25 to 150. While here he ac- 
cepted a challenge to a discussion with a Methodist, which resulted 
in his having to baptize a large number of the Methodist church 
at that place. 

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In 1860 Mr. Solomon accepted a call to the pastorate of the 
Leigh Street Church, in Richmond, Va. In the spring of 1861 the 
war broke out, and Mr. S<ilomon ])rosecuted his duties as pastor, 
giving all the time he bad at command to the sick and dying in 
the bosjiitals. A young licentiate of bis church was chaplain in 
Libby Prison. Two of the prisoners professed faith in Christ, and 
sought baptism at the bands of Mr. Soloniori. After conferring 
with the deacons of tlie clinrcb the prisoners were brought forward 
undei' an armed guard, related the gi-ound of their hope, were re- 
ceived, dressed, bajitized, and changed their dress after baptism 
under guard. It was the most solemn scene he ever witnessed. 
During his jiastorate in Kichmond his church increased from about 
325 to 475. As an illustration of a feature of paper currencj', we 
digress here to mention that when he lelt Richmond in 1864 flour 
was selling at $l,2-)0 a barrel, in Confederate scrip. 

Mr. Solomon then, 18(i5-'6. -jiassed two years on the farm agairc 
in North Carolina. In 1867 lie became President of the Warren- 
ton Female College — a large school, whicli flourished under his 
supei-inteiidency, exce])t pecuniarily. lie then ojiened an " individ- 
ual" school in Pruntytown, "VV. A^a. and soon after the opening of 
the second year of his school he was elected to the professorship 
of English Literature in West Virginia University, located at 
Morgantown. Alter two years lie resigned this ])osition and be- 
came President of Monongaliela College at Jefl'erson, Pa. During 
the two years of bis woi-k here be raised IS 1,000 for flnishing 
the college building and $20,000 for endowment. In October, 
1875, Dr. Solomon accepted a call to become jiastor of the First 
Baptist Church at Sharon, and ]-emained there till the close of 
January, 1880, when he came to this present charge. 

Mr. Sokimon, of course, lias been a delegate to various State and 
national conventions of the ministry of his church; has held presi- 
dencies, secretaryships, etc., in them, and many other oflices in 
the gift of his peo))lc. Some of bis sermons have been published 
in pamphlet form, and he has contributed able articles to various 
])erio(lieals. II is ]>res('nt librai'v is a solid mass of learning. In 
Octob-'i'. T<1-!), the subject of this sketcli was married to Miss Mary 
M. 15urges, a native ol' ^'^'^a^relUl):l ('(unity. N. C. the daughter of 
John and Alartha (Alston) Burges and a direct descendant of Bishop 
Purges, of tire Episco])al church, who was a private instructor 
of Miss Dandridge, afterward the wife ot the great George Wash- 
ington. Mrs. Solomon's matei'nal grandfatlier was an oflicer in 

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the Revolutionary war, and although entitled to a large pension, 
he would never receive a cent, saying that it was ignoble to receive 
wages for performing patriotic duty. Mrs. Solomon's mother was 
a first cousin of the father of Aaron Burr's son-in-law. Mr. and 
Mrs. Solomon have five living children, namely: William Thomas, 
a merchant in Chicasro; John Barges, now teaching in Parker's 
Grove Academy, La Rue County, Kj'; Joseph Bell, bookkeeper in 
a wholesale house in Chicago; Loula Estelle, now Mrs. John M. 
Reeves, of AVarren, Ohio; and Mary M., teacher of music in South 
Kentucky College. 

Walnid Street Baptist Church. — This church was organized as 
"Ash Valley Church," Nov. 5, 1876, at Asli Valley School- 
house, about four miles below Owensboro, by Revs. D. E. Yeiser 
and J. M. Peay, after a series of meetings held by tliese minis 
ters. The main organization was composed of about thirty mem- 
bers dismissed by letter from other Baptist churches, among 
whom were R. C. Faqua, Sarah I. Faqiia, R. M. Fuqua, Willie 
Fuqua, W. T. Lea, M. E. Lea, E. G. Adams, Mary C. Adams, 
Gilbert Hagerman, S. P. Ilagerman, C. L. Nail, S. R. Nail, 
Joseph Carlin, Sarah J. Carlin, J. W. Worthirigton, Robert 
Patrick, Fannie Patrick, W. 11. Sands and others; The officers 
were elected at a called meeting, Nov. 8, 1876: W. T. Lea, Mod- 
erator; Gilbert Ilagerman, Clerk; Joseph Carlin, Treasurer; church 
meeting, the Saturday before the fourth Sunday in each month. 
Nov. 12, 1876, R. C. Fuqua, E. G. Adams and Joseph Carlin 
were ordained Deacons by Ifevs. D.'E. Yeiser and B. Y. Cundiff. 
W. T. Lea, having been previously ordained, was called to active 
Deaconship Dec. 28, 1876, and Rev. D. E. Yeiser was elected 
Pastor. Nov. 24, 1877, E. G. Adams was elected Moderator, and 
C. L. Nail. Treasurer. Oct. 12, 1878, it was decided to move the 
church to Owensboro, which they did, and then joined in a series 
of meetings which were being held in Turpin's tobacco factory, in 
tlie west end of the city, by Rev. J. M. Peay, a missionary from 
the Daviess County Association, assisted by Dr. J. S. Coleman. 
At a regular meeting held Nov. 23, 1878, the name of Ash Valley 
(Church, whicli had, been adopted, was changed to Walnut Street 
Baptist Ciiurcli, of Owensboro. A large number of members were 
received from time to time, some by letter from the First Church 
of Owensboro, and some by baptism, among whom were William 
N. Mason, Einaline Mason, J. D. Robinson, Fannie Robinson, 
S. T. Lowry, Mary Lowry, John Moorman, Jennie Moorman, 

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Cecilia V. Boyd, Pauline Collins, Mollie J. Cox, and others, from 
First Churcli, and George H. Cox, Lizzie Talbott, John R. Phil- 
lips, and several others, by baptism. Dec. 21, 1878, E. G. 
Adams was re-elected Moderator, and George H. Cox was elected 
Clerk. The place of meeting was changed to Mrs. E. Sue Phillips's 
school-house, corner of Fourth and "Walnut streets. Jan. 25, 1879, 
Rev. D. E. 7eiser. Pastor, and C. L. Nail, Treasurer, tendered 
their resignations, which were accepted. W. N. Mason was then 
elected Treasurer. Feb, 28, 1879, Rev. D. E. Yeiser was recalled 
as Pastor. July 26, 1879, Dr. J. S. Coleman was chosen to dedi- 
cate their new church building on the fifth Sabbath in August, 
which was done. At this time D. E. Yeiser again resigned. Dec. 
2, 1879, Dr. J. S.. Coleman, the present Pastor, was elected. 
Jan. 1, 1880, W. N. Mason was elected Moderator, and George H. 
Cox, Clerk. In May, 1880, the church was admitted to member- 
ship in the General Association. Nov. 3, 1878, a Sunday-school 
was organized in Turpin's tobacco factory, with S. T. Lowry as 
Superintendent, and John Moorman, Secretary; there were about 
thirty pupils. In February, 1880, George H. Cox was elected 
Superintendent, a position which he still fills. The church build- 
ing was commenced in December, 1878, and completed at a cost 
of about $5,000. 

Fourth Street Baptist Church (colored). — This society was 
organized many years ago, when records were not very sacredly 
kept. They worshiped at first in a log building which stood 
almost directly in a ravine, sifice filled up, just below where St. 
Stephen's Church now stands. Isom Howard was their minister 
for many years. The present church building, a brick, between 
Elm and Poplar streets, was built before the war; seating capacity, 
500 or more. Since it was first built, twenty feet addition has 
beou made to the rear or north end. It is now eighty feet long by 
forty wide. 

As pastors of this church, Mr. Howard has been succeeded by 
Revs. DuPuy, Caldwell, Edward Newsom and Moses Harding, the 
present incumbent, who has been here nearly seven years. There 
are now about 500 members. There have been over 600, but a few 
years ago i new church was formed from it, who have their head- 
quarters in the eastern part of the city. The Sunday-school has an 
average attendance of 80 to 100. Nelson Talbntt is the present 

The principal revivals have occurred under the ministrations 

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of Rev. Newsom, who added over 100 to the church, and Rev. 
Norris, from Henderson, who conducted a revival here resulting 
also in the addition of over 100 to the church. Mr. Harding has 
added about 300 to this church. 

Center Street Baptist Church (colored). — This has also been called 
" Snow Hill Baptist Church;" the name does not yet seem to be 
settled. It is comparatively young and weak. A frame church 
has been commenced on Snow Hill, probably 34 x 50 feet in dimen- 
sions, but when the frame was up and roof and siding on work 
ceased. The society holds regular religious services, however. 
Rev. A. Merrifield has been pastor here. Rev. Salter is the present 

The fall of 1878 was marked by one of the greatest revivals ever 
witnessed in this. community. It commenced in Turpin's factory 
and ended in the First Baptist Church, by the conversion of over 
250 persons, and the addition of over 200 to the church. Dr. J. S. 
Coleman was the principal minister, assisted by Revs. J. M. and 
R. D. Peay and D. K. Yeiser. 

May 20, 1880, a general conference of the Baptist ministers 
of Kentucky was held at the First Baptist Church. 

The Green liiver Baptist Theological xnstitution. — March 27, 
1867, this society held its first meeting in Owensboro, commencing 
on Wednesday and closingits labors on Sunday night. The attend- 
ance was large and appreciative, and the lectures delivered by the 
gentlemen appointed for that purpose were in the highest degree in- 
teresting and instructive. Rev. J. M. Dawson spoke on Regenera- 
tion, Repentance and Faith; Rev. J. S. Coleman, on Personality, 
Divinity, and Work of the Holy Spirit; Mr. J. H. Branham, on Ac- 
tion, Design and Symbolism of Baptism; Rev. J. C. Maple, on 
Church Government; Rev. J. M. Peay, on Communion. Rev. J. 
S. Coleman, of Beaver Dam, was elected President, and Rev. J. 
C. Maple, of Owensboro, Secretary. 

Christian Church. — This society was organized in 1860, in the 
old Masonic lodge-roora, with about fifty membei's, under Rev. A. 
N. Gilbert, who resided and preached here about six months, when 
the war came in and interrupted the pastoral succession. About 
two months after organization they rented an old tlieater hall for 
some three years, when it had to be given up for a court-room, the 
court-house being burned. The present eliurdi bnihling of brick) 
and of a seating capacity of about 500, was erected in 1870-'71. It 
is on Lewis street, between Fourth and Fifth. Among the first 

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members were 11 A. Wilhoyt and wife, Mrs. Rebecca Brothnrton, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Coffey, Wm. Littell, James W. McDonald, Mr. 
Pruitt, A. a. Botts, Allen Wilhoyt, etc. The first Elder was Mr. 
Botts, and Deacons, B. A. Wilhoyt and Wm. Littell. The pres- 
ent ofhcers, Henry Tompkins, Joshua (x. Terrill and J. W. Mc- 
Donald, Elders, and Wm. Hays, Deacon. 

Sunday-school at 9:30 a. m.; Prof. A C. Goodwin, Supt. 

The pastors of this cliurch have been : Revs. A. N. Gilbert, Geo. 
Taylor, who was here for over two years after the war; W. W. 
Carter, two years; Alfred N. Flower, two years; B. O. Flower, son 
of the preceding, six months; Baxter Mayfield, a year; A. N. 
Gilbert again, six months; and now. Rev. I. G. Tomlinson, from 
Ijidianapolis, although not employed for a iixed term, is preaching 
tor this society. He has been a missionary in Japan several years. 

First Presbyterian Church. — The presbytery of Louisville, at a 
meeting held at Shelbyville in 1844, appointed a commission to 
organize a church at Owensboro. In accordance with this decision 
a church was organized in this city, Nov. 23,1844, by Rev. William 
L. Breckenridge, of Louisville. There were, at first, six members, 
as follows: William Bell, John N. Dorsey, Mrs. Mary Anderson, 
Mrs. Jano Weir, Mrs. Barbara Anthony and James B. Anderson. 
0,1 the first iif March, ISiS, James B. Anderson, William Bell 
and John V. Dorsey were elected Ruling Elders. Subsequently Mr. 
Dorsey left tlie city and Messrs. John Allen and Wm. A. Bradshaw 
were chosen Elders. For many years the session was composed of 
these same four elders. 

From Min-ch, 1845. to April, 1846, tiic church was supplied by 
Rev. J E. Smith, of the presbytery of Donegal, who went from 
here to Bardstown. In September, 1846, Rev. 11. H. Hopkins 
was called to the church from Shelby County, Ky. He accepted 
the call, and was installed in January, 184 T, by Rev. D. P. Hum- 
phrey, now of Louisville, and B. M. llobson. 

The church at first worshiped in the old court-house, which 
was a rude structnro, with saw-dust lioor, and rough planks for 
seats. Tlie congi-egation speedily began to raise funds for the 
erection of a suitable edifice. In spite of many diificulties the 
building was completed early in 1850, and is the same as the one 
at present in use, on Third street. It was formally dedicated to 
the worship of the Lord, May 12, 1850, by Rev. Mr. Hopkins, the 
])astor. The builditig is 40 x 60, of brick, and will seat 350 people. 

In June, 1845, a meeting was conducted by Rev. Mr. Gray, of 

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Henderson, bv which a number of members were added totlie then 
small congregation, bv profession of faith in Christ. During the 
extended period of Dr. Hopkins' ministry, the con ii;regation grew 
in numbers steadily and gradually. Jt was marked by one revival 
season of more than usual success, extending through April and 
part of May. IS.iS, at which time many valuable accessions were 
made to the ehnrch from the outer world. 

Dr. IIo])kins, in his pastorate, took great pains to inculcate in 
his followers the principles of true morality and Caristianity, and 
the moral tone ot his congregation was consequently elevated. 
His disciplinary belief and teachings were considered rather strict, 
but his long pastorate of nearly twenty-three years is the best 
])0ssib!e evidence of the esteem in whichlie was he'd as a minister 
of the gospel. He was beloved by all, both those in his church 
and the citizens generally. Tlie painful events in the history ot 
this country from 1861 to 18G.5, leading to adivisioji in the Pres- 
byterian Synod of Kentucky, made it evident that the church 
would be divided. There were at this time on the roll about 126 
members, of whom about eighty'and all the elders, ad all the 
deacons save one, went to the Southern Assembly, and were organ- 
ized as the Fourth Street Presbyterian Church. The property ot 
the church was divided, those adhering to the Northern Assembly 
retaining the church and name of "First Presbyterian Church." 

The church secured the services of Rev. .John K. Demare.^t, of 
Palisades, N. Y., as their regular pastor, and he remained with 
the congregation until the spring of 1872, when he resigned, 
to accept a call to New York City. He is at present pi-eaching at 
Gettysburg, Pa. The church here prospered steadilj' under Mr. 
Demarest, and parted with him with regret. He was followed, in 
the succeeding December, by Rev. J. F. Hendy, who came from 
Vincennes, Ind., and remained with the church until April 1, 1881. 
Dec. 1 Rev. J. H. Nesbitt, from the Pittsburg Presbytery, was 
called and took charge of the congregation, which position he now 

Rev. J. II. Neshltt, now in charge of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Owensboro, was born in Indiana Cjunty, Pa., Aug. 
20. 1834. He received his pr^iparatory literary and classical edu- 
cation in Saltzburg Academy, in the same county, after which he 
entered Jefferson College, and graduated with the clas^ of 1858. 
He studied theology one year in the Theological Sjminary in 
Allegheny City, Pa., and two years in the Theological Seminary 

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iti t.''.iir':i:rM. 111. U{: was lic(-p-('il ro in-caeh, l)\ liio prf^ltytorv of 

(JlifUlCn, 111 AlD'il, l>>':'\ ,U\d nl iiuil):/. i tO illC t'i;ll \\'< 'vV < 'i' tho <^'(iS- 

■;i- i i.iiiii.-trv l)'-tlii,' ~:;i!i<' pi' sii.i'jiy i'.i ( )f-toi)cr, I"'!,)!. Tin' lirst 
iiirn- \ t';i!-s ("if hi- i,!iiii.-l r'^ w.m-',; siir-n' in li;ir'..i-. iiliisi''!' liiiMiiiic 
.i- jia-,:'!i- of tlH- ri'cshyicriiiii ciiiii-cji o;' Maciiiul). In ( ).-to!)iT, 
I-ti'' hi- i'cciMV(Mi anii acrrjili'il a ''.lii '■• lu^voiiu' [/astiJi' or tlic 
!h-('^i.\-t>>ri;tii chiiT'-h. at. I'Vanktoj-;, K \ .. where, he remaineil iiiiti! 
the -iiiiDVior of l-i7(i, whui ili hi-aitii ■•oniju.'lh'd hii-i to i-e.-ign, ami 
refnri! to hi.-^ nal.ive Srate. After a^ ; ear of, lie became |jii>tor 
<'f .Min^-o church, in the jo-e.sbyrerv of J'itt.sburg', Pa., from 
which jilace he came to ()\veii-bor<i. Dec. 1. 1S81. 

Mr. Nesl)itt marricHl Mhss .\i;'iu.'-- Uaukeii, of Rockford, 
111., Ma\ L'5, J8t!4. 

Fiuii'lh •<trir' I're^hi/f,' riii.ii Churi-li. — In tlio forcgniig history 
of the First ('luircli, we have mentioned the division of'its congre- 
gation, and the orgaiii/ation of the Fourth Street J'resbyterian 
(Church, in 1868. The memljers of this church at once took steps 
toward erecting a church edifice, which was dedicated A])i-il 14, 
187ti. by .Rev. II. I!, lloi.kins. Pn'viuiisly to this, in June, 1869, 
Rev. J. W. Pugh. of Warrenton, Va., was called to the pul])it ot 
this church. He was installed by Dr. Stuart Robinson, Dr. II. IT. 
Hopkins, and Rev. F. Thornton, and began his labors Oct. 28, 
1809. Charles I>. Hicks was elected and ordained an Elder, in 
November, lS7i. Wm. H. Clark was elected and ordained an 
Elder in November, 1869. Messrs. Rradshaw, Metcaif, Hicks and 
Olai'k for a time constituted the session. Afterward Mr. G. 
Crutcher, Mr. Jolm Wandling, ami C. R. Milne were chosen as 
Elder*, (^wing to various (;hanges, the session now consists ot 
Messrs. J.ihn Wandling, C. R. Milne, and W. II. Olark. 

Dr. Hopkins, on account, of declining health, was obliged to 
^ease preaching, and accordingly, in October, ist>',.t, the pastoral 
relation was severed by the jiresbytcry ot Louisville, at the re- 
quest of Di-. IIo|ikins. and liev. Mr. Pugii was calied to the pulpit, 
as above stated. He continue 1 a^* pastor of the church until 
March S. 1^TT, and his labors were marked by several seasons ot 
succe^stul re\'i\-als. At the time he left, tlie church roll had risen 
to 13."). During his pastoi'ate the congregation purchased a com- 
fortable ])arsoiiage, which he occu|iied during the lattctr jiart of his 
stay in Owensboro. He went from here to act as pastor of the 
chnrch at P''ranktbrt, Ky. Rev. J. (1 MoUoy was called to the 
pnlpit of this church April 22, 1877, and was ordained on the call 

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of the Oweiisboro church in the fall of tlie same year. He was 
installed Dec. 12, 1S7T, Rev. Stiiart Robinson, D. D., ])reac]iing 
and charging the pastor, whilst Rev. W. L. Noiirse delivered the 
charge to the ineniherK. 

Mr. Molloy was horn in Holly Springs, Miss., Nov. 23, 1855. 
His father was at thut time banking in Memphis, Tenn., and 
sliortly after he moved liis family tliere. "Mr. Molloy was lu-oiight 
u]) in Memphis, attending a private school most of tlie time until 
the age of seventeen, when he entered the junior class at Stuart 
College, Clarksville, Teim. He was intended by his father for a 
lawyer, but chose the ministry in preference, and his father ccm. 
sented. He graduated at Clarksville in June, 1874, and in August 
of the same year entered the junior class of Union Theological 
Seminary at Hampden Sidney, Va., graduating in the spring of 
1877. During Ids course he supplied two country ciiurches in 
Prince Edwards County, Va. On his vacation of 1876, he raised 
$10,000 of the endowment fund of Bellwood Seminary, at Anchor 
age, Ky. Mr. Molloy has been twice married, the last time to 
Missi Laura" Brown, of Shelby County, Ky. 

During his ministry in Owensboro two revivals of unusual suc- 
cess have been held, and the membership, in spite of numerous 
losses by removal, i^ now 167. In October, 1881, work was begun 
on the new church edifice, which is now under roof It will seat 
•too persons, and hat. two ante-rooms and two offices. It will cost 
before completion over $15,000, and it is one of the linest build- 
ings in this part of the State. The architecture of the cliurch is 
very modern in style, and is modeled after the English (iothic. 

The Sundaj'-school connected with the church is in a very j)rus- 
perous condition, with a membership of 130. The Superintendent 
is Wm. H. Clark. 

Oct. 11, 1877, the Presbyterian Synod of Kentucky, in connec- 
tion with the (xeneral Assembly of that chnrch in the United 
States, met at the First Presbvterian Church in Owensboro. Tiie 
opening discourse was delivered by Jonathan Edwards, D. D., or 
Danville. Rev. [I. H. Allen delivered a remarkabi\ effective 
aildress on ministerial education. Several f)tlier able disci 'Uiscs 
wei-e delivere<l, but the time of the ^ymid was mostly tuken up 
with routiric business. The attendance vvas not large. a]>p;i)'''iii)y 
owing to the fact that this city is .so iar from tlii^ geogi-ajiliicui 
center of the State, and was com])arativ>>ly inaccessible by railroad. 

April 11 and 12, 1*^82, the Louisville Pre.-ibytery met in 


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The Cumberland Presbyterian Church was organized the fall of 
1839 bj Rev. Samuel Calhoon, Alfred Grissom and wife, Mrs. 
Philip Triplett, James M. Rogers and wife, David Morton and 
wife, Joseph Weaver and wife, George Newbolt and wife, Mrs. W. 
W. Chambers, Rev. Samuel Calhoon and wife, Miss E. Griffith, 
W. R. Ewing and wife, and many others were the first membevs. 
Alfred Grissom, James M. Rogers, David Morton, and Joseph 
Weaver were Elders and Trustees. The first religious services 
were held at the court-house, and ihe old seminary, now a part of 
the Upper Ward school building. Rev. Samuel Calhoon was the 
first preacher, and the only one for three or four years, but was 
never elected as regular pastor. Rev. Hiram A. Hunter, who is 
now living in Louisville, was the first regularly elected pastor and 
served about eight years; Rev. George D. McLean, one year; Rev. 
C. H. D. Harris, one year; Rev. Jesse Anderson, now of Winches- 
ter, Ky., ten years; Rev. J. W. Poindexter, four years; Rev. 
William Wilson, one year; Rev. W. H. Steel, one year; Rev. W. 
H. Berry, one year; Rev. O. C. Hawkins, three years; Rev. B. D. 
Coekriil, the present pastor, was elected the first of November, 

In 184:8 a great n vival was held by Rev. George D. McLean, 
also in 1868, by Rev. Jesse Anderson, assisted by Rev. J. W. 
Poindexter; and in March, 188;i, by Rev. R. G. Pearson, the "boy 
preacher" from Nashville, Tenn., at whicii time there were over 
200 professions, and about sixty-tive additions to the congregation. 
The house of worship was built in 1840, at a cost of about $3,500; 
size, 75 X 38 feet. The present officers are : Rev. B. D. Oockrill, 
Pastor; William Shelby, S. R. Ewing, A. M. C. Simmons, S. W. 
Long, John G. Delker, B. Brantford, Elders; and F. T. Gunther, 
W. F. Reinhardt, J. W. Marks, and James Murphy, Deacons. The 
congregation numbers 350. The church is entirely free from debt, 
and is in a very prosperous condition. In 1850 a Sunday-school 
was organized, with George Scarborough as Superintendent. The 
present officers are : T. J. Clarke, Superintendent; A. C. Tomp- 
kins, Assistant Superintendent; V. T. (iimther. Treasurer; Miss 
Virgie Payne, Librarian and Secretary; Miss Edna Gates, Assis- 
tant. There are 180 members enrolled, with an average attend- 
ance of about 130. 

In March, 1882, a great union revival, ;>rincipal]y in the Cum- 
berland Presbyterian and Methodist churches, resulted in 207 con- 

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versions. The series of meetings was abruptly terminated by the 
illness of the revivalist,. Rev. Mr. Pearson. 

Oct. 24--28, 1S7">, the Green River Synod of the Cumberland 
Prcsbyteriiin Clinrch was held in Owensboro. The synod com 
prised seven presbyteries, eighty ordained ministers, over 100 
churches, hhJ a lay membership of over 15,000. The session here 
was reuiiirkal'ly liarmonious and fruitful of good results. At this 
meeting the Ohio Presbytery was divided into two, and important 
measures were adopted relative to the Greenville Female Institute. 

Methodist Episcopal. — The beginnings of Methodism are now 
so far in the past that but few living residents know much about 
tleni. Among the earliest Methodist preachers here were Richard 
Neal, a Presiding Elde>-, one of the Downses, John and Daniel T. 
Pinkston, and Philip Gunn, also a Presiding Elder. The latter was 
once struck by lightning,which melted all the metallic articles of 
one side of him and tore his clothes somewhat, without injuring 
him in the least! 

It is said that the first Methodist society in Owensboro was 
formed about 1840. Their meetings were held in the court-house 
until 1849, when their first church was built, which is now B. L. 
Duncan & Sons' store, on the north side of Main street. It was 
erected by J. J. Bowlds, a blacksmith, almost entirely at his own 
expense. It was used until 1880, when it was sold to Mr. Duncan 
for $2,000. Its size was forty-eight or fifty feet by seventy-eight, 
besides a vestibule, which was added sometime subsequent to its 
first erection. 

In 1879, Rev. H. C. Settle moved the church toward erecting a 
commodious house of worship. A building committee, consisting 
of Dr. W. D. Stirman, T. II. Frayser and R. McJohnston, was ap- 
pointed. The old church and grounds on Second street were sold 
for $3,000, and the present site, on the corner of Fourth and Daviess 
streets, was purchased for $2,550. The plan submitted by Boyd & 
Brickly, of Evansville, was adopted, and the house was immediately 
put up, under the superintendence of Captain J. J. Williams. The 
building is 54 x 90, and fifty feet high, with slate roofing, Gothic 
finish, etc. Internally the house is beautifully finished. It was 
dedicated March 20, 1881, by Rev. Dr. Fitzgerald, of Nashville. 
Total cost of the structure, $13,900 — surprisingly small. Cost 
of lot, $2,500. Location, near the crossing of Fourth and Da- 
viess streets. 

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The miuisters since 1848 have been: llichard Holding, S. 
S. Dcering, T. J. Moore, A. H. Redfield, Hancock and Nathaniel 
H. Lee, Frank M. English, James I. Ferree, Mr. Kyle, N. 11. Lee, 
again, A. A. Morrison (now in Denver, Co!.), Dr. Wni. 11. Babcock 
(now in St. Louii?, Mo. >, 11. Y. Thonias (now in Greenville, Kv.), 
J.J. Randolph (deceased), R. R. R. Alexander (who afterward died 
n Louisiana), Uavid Aforton, W. M. Ford, John W. Cunningham 
(now of the St. Louis Con ference), W. M. Ford, again, H. C. Settle, IJ. Cottrell, H. C. Settle, again, George H. Hayes and S. R. 
Brewer, the present pastor. 

In 1850 tliare were tiiirtj'-tive or forty members — only ten of 
them male; now there are about 360 members. 

Sunday-school at 9 a, m., with an average attendance of 110, 
and twenty-two teachers. T. H. Frayser, Superintendent. 

Third Street Colored {or Africati) Methodist Episcopal Church. 
— This church was organized many' years ago, by Rev. Dunahy, 
with twenty-five or thirty members. Met for worship in Megill's 
HalL The pastors since then liave been Revs. Yocum, Frost, O. 
B. Ross, Ferguson, Sherman, and the present one is Rev. Tajdor. 
The membership has increased to 119, and is in a prosperous con- 
dition. Classdeaders: Dora Henderson and Mr. Humphrey. The 
church building was erected in 1873; size, 60x30 feet; cost, 
$16,000; location, near the corner of Third and St. Elizabeth 

Trinity Church {Protestant Episcopal). — This church was organ- 
ized a little over a quarter of a century ago, with about a dozen 
members. The membership has increased to thirty-three; and there 
is a Sunday-school of about twenty children, superintended by the 
pastor, assisted by Mr. Latimore. The Rectors which have served 
this church are: Revs. J. A. Jackson, Bird, Pate, Hubbard, La- 
trobe, Gibson, Powers, Hall, Claiborne, and the present, Geo. C. 
Sutton, from Richmond, Va., but a native cff England. 

Church services were at first held in Masonic Hall, on Fourth 
street, then in the second story of Dr. Megill's store building. 
The church next purchased a carpenter shop, with lot, on Frederica 
street, between Fifth and Sixth, fitted it up neatly and had relig 
ious services there six or seven years. They then sold this property 
and invested the proceeds in a very eligible lot of ground on the 
north side of Fifth street, between St. Elizabeth and Locust streets, 
whereon, in]1874r-'75, they erected the most tasteful church building 
in the city. It is 60 x 85 feet in dimensions and has a seating 

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capacity of nearly 600. A fine parsonage is located on the lot 
adjoining west, free from debt. A small debt on the church 
property still remains. This little society has had many a struggle, 
hut it has manfully kept up. Present Yestrymen: C. H. Todd, 
Henry Megill, Daniel M. Griffith,?. T. Watkins, Joseph Slaughter 
and Robert Dunlop. 

Evangelical Church. — This oliurch was organized about twelve 
or fiftCL-n years ago by liev. (i. Schofttle, with probably twelve or 
fifteen families. Mr. S. went to Ohio in ls77. The pastors since 
that time have been Revs. Valentin--^ Zimer, in 1^78, who left here 
f)r Indiana; Ed-vard SchweitzT, 1S79-'81, who also went to In- 
diana; and the present one. II. F Deters, who has had tlie position 
since September, 1881. The ehui'ch edifice, about 30 x 40, was 
erected in 1878. Thire are now about thirty families in this 
church, and a Sunday-school of about eighty pupils, presided over 
by the pastor. The church is in a prosperous condition. 

Rev. H. F. Deter.t was born in Allamakee County, Iowa, in 
1856, the son of Henry and Mary (Buchholz) Deters; graduated 
at Elmhurst Seminary, Du Page County, 111., and in theology at 
Mathinsville, Mo., in 1881. In 1882 he married Miss Langpaap, 
a native also of Allamakee ('Ounty, Iowa. Besides holding his 
present ministerial ))osition, he is also the teacher of German for 
the public schools of Owensboro, and a member of the Evangelicid 
Synod of America. 

Tennple Adath Israel {Hebrew). — The congregation was organ- 
ized probal)ly two or three years before the war, with about 
eighteen families; there are now thirty one. The Rabbis have 
been : Drs. Rosenfeld, Marcosson, Strauss, J. H. Goldhammer, 
Abraham Myer, Alexander Rosenspitz, and the present inciim 
bent, J. Glueck, who has been here since February, 1881, and is 
just engaged for another year. The first religious services were 
held in the second story of Mr. Moise's store, on East Second 
street, and afterward in Prof Hart's school building, two year-s. 
The temple, with a seating capacity of about 200, was built in 
1878; is a neat, brick structure, located on Lewis street, between 
Fourth and Fifth, and cost $4,000. The ])resent Board of Trus- 
tees comprises Joe Rothschild. President; Sol. Wile, V P.; E. L. 
Moss, Secretary; M. Levy, Treasurer; A. Reese, J. Wittelshofer, 
and L. Loeser. 

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This church has both a Sabbath-school and a Sunday-school — 
the former meeting 10 to 11 a. m., and the latter 10 to 11:30 
A. M. About forty-six children are enrolled, of whom Dr. Glueck 
is the general instructor. 

Religious services in the temple are held every Friday evening, 
and Saturday morning at 9 a. m. The singing is led by a well- 
drilled choir of ladies; Mrs. Ilartzfeld, Chorister. 

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Young Melt's Christian Association. — The first meeting look- 
ing toward the organization of tlie Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation in Owensboro, was called at the instance of Mr. J. F. Huber, 
of Louisville, State Secretary of the society. It was held in the 
Cumberland Presbyterian church, Nov. 1, 1877. At this meet- 
ing a committee was appointed to solicit funds, and to report 
at a meeting held the following evening in the same place. At 
this meeting a permanent organisation was effected. The follow- 
ing officers were elected: Benj. Bransford, President, and E. G. 
Buckner, Secretary. The members enrolled at this meeting were : 
Benj. Bransford, J. F. Ilendy, E. G. Buckner, A. M. C. Simmons, 
G. W. Towner, J. C. Molloy, O. C. Hawkins, James F. Huber, 
Robert Brodie and Walter A. Nichols. Meetings were held in the 
different churches until the society could procure suitable rooms. 
Their first permanent location was in a room over Higgins's drug 
store, where they remained one year, removing to Masonic Temple, 
over the National Bank. 

Here they met regularly for two years, after which they rented 
and fitted up their present spacious and pleasant rooms on Freder- 
ica street, between Third and Fourth streets. The reading-room 
and library is situated on the first or ground floor, is nicely fitted 
up for the comfort and convenience of members and visitors, and 
is open all day and until nine ■ o'clock every evening. The library 
comprises about 700 volumes, with the addition ot leading daily and 
weekly journals which are kept on file. The room for devotional 
exercises, lectures, etc., is situated in the rear of the reading-room. 
It is furnished with an organ and comfortable chairs. The second 
floor is used for a ladies' parlor, gymnasium and bath-room. All 
the conveniencies of the association arc I'ree for the use ot tlie 

Members pay an annual fee of $5, which is used in the support 

of the institution. The principal source of revenue, however, is 


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from subscriptions. The people of Owens boro have been liberal 
in their support of the association, $1,600 having been raised in 
1S81, and ahont $!)00 in 1882. In 1881 Dr. Tyler was engaged as 
ScL-retary on a salary of $700 a year, devoting his entire time to 
the linties of the office. During tKe first three months of 1882 
the secretary was paid a salary, since whicli time the office has 
been an honorary one. The funds raised liave been applied toward 
paying these salaries, fitting and furnishing the hall, purchasing 
fxjoks for the library, and in furnishing relief to the needy. Reg- 
ular business meetings are held monthly devotional exercises 
every Sunday evening. Besides these the association holds gospel 
meetings in the jail, and at different places in the suburbs of the 
ei ty. 

There are now connected with the organization forty active and 
fifty-six associate members. Active members must be members 
in good standing of some evangelical church. The following are 
the officers for 1883: Jas. H. Parrish, President; E. G. Buckner, 
Vice-President; J. N. Courtney, Treasurer; W. A. Hester, Eecord- 
iiig Secretary. Board of Directors — Kobert Brodie, .Prof. A. C. 
Goodwin, J. D. Kennady, W. F. Reinhardt, Prof. "W. A. Hester, 
W. B. Arraendt. 

Nov. 7-10, 1878, the first State Convention of the Young Men's 
Christian Association was held in the Third Street Presbyterian 
Church in this city. Addresses of welcome were delivered by Rev. 
.1 . C. Molloj', James Weir and Rev. J. F. Hendy. It was the 
occasion of great interest to the people of this vicinity. 

St. Vincent de Paul Society is a benevolent institution, con- 
t'tucted under the auspices of the Catholic churcli It was organ- 
ized in 1880. Its objects are to furnisli provisions, fuel, etc., to 
the j.oor. It is in active operation during the winter months only, 
r'\gular meetings being held every Sunday. The place of meeting 
is St. Stephen's Churcli. The society was started with about forty 
iiicnihers. M. V Monarch was the first President; Chag. C. Thix- 
t'.n, Secretary, and R. W. Slack, Treasurer. The offices are per- 
];etual, or are relinquished only on the removal or death of the 
incumbent. The funds expended for relief are raised by private 
M)bscri]ition among the members, and by the contributors through 
a j)iite bo.\' in the chnrch vestibule. Only gentlemen are admitted 
t'l membership It is not a secret organization. 

Tf" St. JInbertus Bcneoohiiit Society was organized Sept 17 
i~-74, with a membership of twenty-seven. It is a German Cath- 

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©lie society, being connected with St. Joseph's Church in Owens- 
boro. Francis Kotnnf and Henry Rose were most active in starting 
the society, whose purposes are benevolence and care of the sick. 
The first officers were as follows: Henry Rose, President; Anthony 
Eger, "Vice-President; Michael Dittman, Secretary; Paul Tennes, 
Treasurer; F. Komuf, J. Gilles, N. Michel, J. Vollman, William 
Emler, A. Rose and M. Breitenbach, Trustees. The society was 
duly incorporated under the laws of Kentucky, Feb. 17, 1875. 

The membership has increased steadily since the organization, 
and in spite of numerous losses by death and removal, is now forty- 
five. The present officers, chosen Oct. 12, 1882, are as follows: 
Mat. Meyer, President; Jacob Meise, Vice-President; Michael 
Dittman, Secretary; Michael Schaefer, Corresponding Secretary; 
Conrad Baumgartner, Treasurer; Henry Meise, Marshal; Sebas- 
tian Weikel, Flag-bearer; Frank Komuf, William Emler, Michael 
Dittman, Henry Ross and George Schaefer, Trustees. 

The regular meetings are held the second Sunday of each month, 
at St. Joseph's school-house. The society celebrates its anniversary 
usually by a picnic or some other entertainment. It has been 
prosperous since its organization and has bright prospects. Con- 
nected with the society is an insurance scheme, divided into two 
classes — first class, $500; second class, $1,000. The fees are varied 
according to the age of the applicant, being $2.50 for a person of 
twenty-five years, and rising to $10.00 for one between fifty and 
sixty. There have been no assessments under this plan, as it was 
only adopted Oct. .12, 1882, since which time there have been no 
deaths. This life insurance is entirely controlled by the Benevolent 
Society and is managed by the same officers, who are elected 

Branch No. 18, Catholic Knights of America.., was organized 
Aug. 21, 1878, with sixteen charter members, as follows: Rev. 
D. F. Crane, Patrick Owen, John D. Scott, Luther F. Cox, 
Michael Dittman, William Emler, William Pottinger, James S. 
Pottinger, Jacob BoUman, J. T. Higgins, P. E. Payne, Rev. Peter 
J. Haisley, C. Baumgartner, Joseph Rose, R. B. Pottingey, and R. 
W. Slack. The first officers of the branch were as follows: John 
B. Scott, President; Joseph Rose, Vice-President; William Pot- 
tinger, Recording Secretary; J. T. Higgins. Financial Secretary; 
James S. Pottinger, Treasurer; P. E. Payne, S. F. Cox, and Wm. 
Emler, Trustees; Patrick Owen, Sergeant-at-Arms. The object 
of the order is insurance, the amount of endowment being $1,000 

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or $2,000. Tlie office of President has been held successively by 
John B. Scott. R. W. Slack, and John B. Scott. The present offi- 
cers are as follows: John B. Scott, President; A. Basehart, Vice- 
President; R. W. Slack. Recording Secretary; J. T. Higgins, 
Financial SecretHry; A. Eger, Treasurer; Joseph Rose, Sergeant- 
at-Anns Patrick Owen, Sentinel; George Schaeler, A. Eger, and 
J. C. Rudd, Trustees. The present membership of the branch is 
about seventy, and the or^ranization i.s in a prosperous condition, 
financially and otherwise. Ono endowment of $-2,000 has been 
paid to John W. Higgins. The branch meets the first and third 
Sundays of each mo;ith, at their hall on the nortii side I'f Court 

Asher Lodge, No. 227, /. 0. B. B., is a Hebrew benevolent 
institution, connected with which is aii endoa'ment plan, paying, 
on the death of any memiier in good standing. $1,000 to lis bene- 
ficiaries. They also pay sick benefits, and an assessment toward 
the maintenance of a district urpjian asylum. Lodge No. 227 was 
organized Oct. 25, 1874, with twenty members. The first officers 
were: Jos. Rothchild. Sr., President; M. Moise, Vice-President; 
Ernest Weill. Secretary; B. Baer. Treasure)-; Sol. Wile, Monitor; 
A. Rosenfeld, Assistant Monit ir; L. Lesser, Guardian; M. Levy, 
Warden. Regular meetings are held the second and fourth Suu 
days in each month, intlie room over the Jevfish Temple. The lodge 
is in a flourishing condition, having over $500 in the treasury and 
a memb Tship of twenty-eight. Its officers are: S. Moise, Presi- 
dent; J. M. Oppcnheinur, Secretary; B. Baer, Treasurer. An 
annual assessment of $15 is made upon each member, to pay run- 
nin>; expenses, sick benefits, endo>vments. etc. They are within 
the jurisdiction of District No. 2, comprising the States of Ohio, 
Indiana, Kc tucky, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado. 
The hea Iquaiter.s of the district is at Cincinnati. Tiiey have a 
sul•}>llJ^ fii"(l oT .^112,000, wliieii is drawn upon to pay benefits or 
eiidcwnients for any lodge in the district whose per capita assess- 
ment "f ^15 docs not cover tiie amount required. The order 
origi:;afeil in lS4t5 or IS47, and has become one of the .stroni^cst 
ami \i\ o.t ])oiiiiiar benevolent institutions in the country. 

'I'lie Fiiid:) Bvnci'''lent Society, No. 2, was organi.'^ed in the 
wiiiur ol' l.-:^7tj '7, '-vitli a membership of about twenty-five. Tito 
first I'residont was 11. ('. Helm, and the first Secretary was A. 
Ben-v. Tiie soeiety i.s not a secret one, and its objects are benev- 
o!e)M'e ai'd .sociability. ( 'olored people between the ages of tweiro 

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0WEN8BOR0. 891 

and forty- five are eligible to inembersliip. Tlie organization has 
prospered steadily in its membership, gradually increasing from 
twenty-five to nearly 400. The present officers are as follows: 
Mr. Pickrum, President; Robert Crump, Secretary; Thomas Crump, 
Treasurer. The society meets at the public school-house in Owens- 
boro, the second and fourth Mondays of each month. Occasional 
entertainments have been gi\'en by the society since its organiza- 

The Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent Society in Owensboro was 
established in 1869. It was oru;anized by the ladies of the Jewish 
church. Its mission is to furnish relief to the poor of their church, 
and others. The fund for this purpose is obtained by an assess- 
ment of annual dues upon the members of the society. Mrs. A. 
flosenfeld was the first President; Mrs. J. A. Godshaw (now 
deceased), the first Secretary, and Mrs. T. Moise, Treasurer. The 
officers for 1882 were Mrs. B. Baer, President; Mrs. A. Eosenfeld, 
Secretary; Mrs. T. Moise, Treasurer. Regular meetings are held 
quarterly. The present membership is twenty-one. None but 
ladies are admitted to membership. The society, though not a 
chartered one, is one of the fixtures of the place, and has done a 
great deal to alleviate suff'ering among the needy, and its influence 
for good has been felt in man}' ways by the members of their con- 

Stephen F. Ogden Lodge, No. 356, A. F. i& A. M., was char- 
tered Oct. 13, 1858, by the Grand Lodge of Kentucky. The 
charter is signed by Philip Swigert, Grand Master; Robert Morris, 
Deputy Grand Master; 11. F. "Wilson, Senior Grand* Warden, and 
J. M. S. McCorkle, Grand Secretary, and the instrument is dated 
at Lexington. The lodge was named after Stephen F. Ogden, a 
prominent Mason, father of Dr. John D. Ogden. He had filled 
all the offices in the lodge and chapter (there was then no com- 
mandery in this section of the country), at the time of his death. 
The charter members of Ogden Lodge numbered fourteen. The first 
Master of the lodge was William Bell, and the first Senior Warden 
WHS Henry Hart. The membership rapidly increased, and numbered 
about thirty at tlie opening of the war. At this time many of the 
members went into the army, and by 1866 there were but eight or 
ten members left. During that year the lodge was dissolved by 
the Grand Lodge, and all tlie books and papers were surrendered. 
No steps were taken toward reorganization until Oct. 24, 1872, 
when, under an order from the Grand Lodge, their charter was 

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returned, the old number returned, and the members instructed to 
meet for reorganization. According to these instructions a meet- 
ing vras held Dec. 30, 1872, and, as recommended by the Grand 
Lodge, John D. Ogden was elected W. M. ; Wm. Sharpe, S. W., 
and Abraham F. Berryman, J. W. Their first regular meeting 
after reorganization wiis held Jan. 11 , 1873. The lodge meets the 
fourth Monday in each month, in Masonic Temple. The present 
officers are: John D. Ogden, W. M.; James A. Willhite, S. W. ; 
and Frank T. Gunther, J. W. It numbers thirty members, and is 
in a healthy condition. 

Owensboro Lodge, No. 130. A. F. <& A. M., is the oldest existing 
lod^e in the countv, and the second one established within ita 
limits. When organized there had been no lodge in the county for 
a period of nine years, its only predecessor, Woodson Lodge, No. 
92, having forfeited its charter in 1834. A number of those who 
were instrumental in starting this institution had been members ot 
the old Woodson Lodge. They first commenced under a dispensa- 
tion from the Grand Lodge, April 10, 1843, in the court-house in 
Owensboro. They were not chartered until Aug. 29 of the 
same year. Their first officers under the charter were as follows: 
Hiram A. Hunter, W. M.; William C. Norris, S. "W.; Adam Simp- 
son, J. W. ; James L. Johnson, Secretary; S. S. Heath, Treasurer. 
The charter is signed by L. M. Cox, G. M^ ; B. R. Young, D. G. 
M.; T. Halloway, S.G. W.; M. B. Allen, J. G. W. The lodge 
met in the court-house until the erection, in about 1850, of a hall 
at the corner ol Fourth and St. Elizabeth streets, which was sub- 
sequently sold and is now used as a private residence. Their next 
place of meeting was in Court Hall, now used by the Odd Fellows. 
They remained in this building until the formation of a stock- 
company for building a Masonic Temple, of which they became 
members, and in which they now hold their meetings on the fourth 
Monday in each month. This temple was built in 1872, in con- 
junction witli the First National Bank. It comprises the third 
story of the building situated on the corner of Third and Frederica 
streets. Tlie several Masonic organizations of the city united in 
forming the stock-company. The rooms are commodious and nicelv 
furnished. The present membership of this lodge is. fifty-one. 
The officers for 1882 were: B. E. W. Stout, W.M.; N. O. Ford, 
S. W.; D. R. Gash, J. W.; R. W. Littell, Secretary; John Wand- 
ling, Treasurer. 

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Jo Daveits Chapter, JVo. 32, was tirst organized under a special 
dispensation granted Jan. 17, 1848, by Willis Stuart, G. H. P. 
The first meeting was held Feb. 2, 1848. William A. Seaton, P. 
H. P., and William A. Barton, H. P., of Western Star Chapter, 
No. 20, of Hardinsburg, were the instituting officers. An election 
of ofiicers at that meeting resulted in the salection of the following: 
Hiram A. Hunter, H. P. ; John Daveiss, K. ; Jas. J. Bowlds, S.; 
John D. Ogden, C. H.; Philip Triplett, P. S.; Stephen F. Ogden, 
K. A. C; R. G. Gardner, G. M. 3d V.; J. H. McFarland, G. M. 
2d v.; Wm. C. Norris, G. M. 1st V.; Stephen F. Ogden, Sec; 
John H. McFarland, Treas.; Samuel Haynes, Tyler. The chap- 
ter was granted a charter Aug. 31, 1848. The iirst meeting held 
under the charter convened Sept. 30, 1848, when an election was 
held, with the following result : Hiram A. Hunter, H. P.; William 
W. Chambers, K; Barnard Trible, S. ; Benjamin EI. Ogden, C. 
H. ; John J. Daveiss, P. S. ; James D. Bowlds, R. A. C. ; Joseph 
McCleary, G. M. 3d V.; John H. McFarland, G. M. 2d V. ; William 
C. Norris, G. M. 1st Y. ; Stephen F. Ogden, Sec. ; Philip Trip- 
lett, Treas.; John Duveiss, Chaplain; Wm. Y. Sharp, Marshal; E. 
Murray, S. and T. The chapter meets the first Monday in each 
month, at Masonic Temple. 

Owensboro Commandery, No. 15, K. T., was organized April 
15, 1872, with nine charter members, as follows : J. PI. Branham, 
Eminent Commander; M. B. Swain, Generalissimo; R. M. Hatha- 
way, Captain-General; Rev. C. 0. Cliaplin, Prelate; Jolui Wand- 
ling, Senior Warden; J. Q. A. Stewart, Junior Warden ; Rev. John 
W. Pugh, Recorder; Salem H. Ford, Warder; Henry Megill, Gap 
tain of the Guard. The offices after the several names are those 
to which the members were respectively elected at the organiza- 
tion. The office of Eminent Commander has been held by J. H. 
Branham, April, 1872, to August, 1873; R. M. llatliaway, August, 
1873, to August, 1874; Salem H. Ford, August, 1874, to April. 
1875; John Wandling, April, 1875, to April, 1876; J. Q. A. 
Stewart, April, 1876, to April, 1878; John D. Ogden, April. 187s, 
to April, 1882; E. G. Buckner, April, 1882 (present incumbeiiti. 
The present officers of the commandery are as follows : E. (I. 
Bnckner, Eminent Commander; John Wandling, Generalissimo; 
J.J. Sweeney, Captain-General; L. W. Marble, Prelate; K. -i. 
Clarke, Senior Warden; F. D. Gunther, Junior Warden; P. T. 
Watkins, Treasurer; J. C. Wandling, Recorder; Henry Megill, 
Standard-Bearer; J. S. Bottenweiser, Sword-Boarer: N. Mclntyre, 

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AVarden; W. jST. Mason. Guard. The present membership of the 
Owensboro Comiuandery is thirty-four. The stated conclaves oc- 
cur reg'ilarly the third Monday of each month. 

Guiding Star Lodge, JVo. 14, A. I* . d; A. M. (colored), was 
organized in 1S79, witli about ten members and the following 
officers: Thomas Tyler, W M. ; O. K. Barrett, S. W. ; Alfred 
Buckuer, J. W; George Alexander, S. D.; Charles Jones, J. D.; 
Nestor McFarlaiid, Chaplain; Phocion Fields, Secretary; William 
McFarland, Treasurer; Lewis R. Saulsbury, Tyler. There are 
now thirty-two members, with the following officers: Alfred Biick- 
ner, W. M. ; George Alexander, S. AV.; Elder McFarland. J. W.; 
PliMcian Fields, S. D.; Lewis Saulsbury, J. D. ; Wm. Jackson, 
Secretary; Wm. Bailey, Treasurer. Place of meeting, over the 
Deposit Bank. 

Owensboro Encampment, No. 45, /. 0. 0. F , was instituted 
June 18, 1870, with eleven members, as follows : George Brown, 
W. W. Chambers, Woodson Fletcher, P. II. Brown, O. S. AVarner, 
J. G. Delker, J. H. Jones, John A. Brown, IST. B. Allen, J. B. Al- 
exander, and J. W. Allen. The iirst officers chosen at the institu 
tion of the encampment were as follows: George Brown, C. P. 
O. S. Warner, 11. P.; J. W. Allen, S. W.; N. B. Allen, J. W.; J. 
G. Delker, Scribe; W. W. Chambers, Treasurer; J. B. Alexander, 
Guide; P. H. Brown, Sentinel. Although fourteen years elapsed 
between the dissolution of the Magnolia Encampment and the 
formation of Owensboro Encampment, several members of the 
former joined the latter, and some are still living. The present 
membership of the encampment is forty-six. No meetings were 
held from the latter part of 1880 until Nov. 24, 1882, when the 
following officers were continued : B. Baer, C. P. ; J. H. Fisher, 
H. P. ; Godfrey Arnold, S. W. ; Michael Carey, J. W. ; R. W. 
Littell, Scribe; J. H. Fisher, Treasurer; R. Hickman, Guide; P. 
H. Brown, Sentinel. The regular meetings of the encampment 
are held every Friday evening, at Odd Fellows' Hall. 

Magnolia Encampment, No. 20, I. O. O. F., was organized 
about 1851, at the time Daveiss Lodge was flourishing. It kept up 
with a membership of ten to fifteen until December, 1866, when 
its charter was surrendered, from lack of interest in the work. 

Daveiss Lodge, No. 61, /. 0. 0. E., was organized Aug. 29, 
1849, with a membership of iifteen or twenty. The first Noble 
Grand was O. S. Wilson; ATice-Grand, R. A. Bell; Treasurer, 
George W. Triplett; Secretary, F. W. Watkins. The lodge was 

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0WKN8B0R0. 395 

prosperous for a time, and was in existence over seven years. In 
December, 1856, its charter, as well as that of the encampment, 
was surrendered, being taken to the Grand Lodge at Louisville by 
James Littell. Lack of interest is the only reason that can be 
assigned for the death of the lodge, as there were twenty-live or 
thirty members. 

Brothei's' Lodge No. 132, /. 0. 0. F., was organized Aug. 
28, 1856, by authority of u charter from tin: Grand Lodge of 
Kentucky, dated July 18, 1866, witii the following charter mem- 
bers: John J. Ddvis, James Littell, G. W. Triplett, R. G. 
Moorman, E. S. Ayres, W. W. Chambers, N. 0. Leaman, N. B. 
Allen, Eli Adams, George N. McKay and P. H. Brown. The iirst 
officers were as follows: N. B. Allen, N. G.; li. G. Moorman, V. 
G.; James Littell, Treasurer; John J. Davis, Secretary; Eli Adims, 
Host; P. H. Brown, I. G. ; N. C. Leaman, R. S. N. G.; Thomas 
H. Pointer, L. S. N. G.; W. H. Lea.nan, R. S. \^. G.; James A. 
Scott, R. S.S.; James G. Thomason, L. S. S.; F.L. Hall, Conductor; 
E. S. Ayres. The lodge has steadily grown and prospered since its 
organization, and is now one of the strongest lodges in tiiis part of 
the State. Itownshalf of the brick block known as "Court Row." 
'The present membership in good standing is about 126. The 
present officers, chosen in July, 1882, are as follows: J. A. Wilhite, 
S. P. G.; R. W. Littell, N. G.; H. A. Duncan, Y. G. ; J. W. Car- 
ter, Recording Secretary; W. G. Burnett, Permanent Secretary; 
W. "W. Chambers, Treasurer; William Mandel, Host and L G.; J. 
H. Fisher, R. S. to N. G. ; E. R. Ford, L. S. to N. G.; E. Weill, 
R. S. to V. G.; J. H. Axton, L. S. to V. G. ; James Littell, War- 
den; Phil. R. Zulauf, Conductor; R. R. Hickman, R. S. S.; Wood- 
son Fletcher, L. S. S.; George Brown, District Deputy. Tiie lodge 
meets every Friday night at its lodge room in Court Row. 

Grand United Lodge, No. 1M%1- 0. C>. i''. (colored), was organ- 
ized in September, 1878, with about eighty members Richard 
Vairian, Noble •F'ather; John Swain, Noble Grand; Charles Jack- 
son. Permanent Secretary. The place of meeting has been uni- 
formiv at their lodge room over the Deposit Bank. The present 
membership numbers 100 or more, and the lodge in every re- 
spect is in a very flourishing condition. They have a $30 banner, 
and their regalia cost $300. Present oflScers: John Swain, Noble 
Father; Alfred Woods, Noble Grand; Samuel Curd, Vice Grand; 
Charles Henderson, Permanent Secretary; Robert Crump, E. S. 

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Star Lodge, No. 19, Knights of Pythias, was organized Aug. 
29, 18Y2, by Vice Grand Chancellor James Cimninujhain and seven 
members from Ivanlioe Lodge, No. 9, at Calhoon, McLean County. 
The charter members were eighteen in nnmber, as follows: D. A. 
Wilson, E. C. Davis, John W. Pngh, J. A. Fuqua,Ed. G. Bncl<ner, 
John W. Mathews, Phil. K. Znlanf, D. W. Lucas, Jos. Matliias. 
H. W. Miller, John J. Davis, Wm. H. Woodford, John Q. A. 
Stewart, Phil. A. Pointer, Thomas S. Pettit, W. H. Ray, John A. 
Brown, E. W. Littell and N. N.Wells. The first officers were: D. 
A. Wilson, W. C; Ed. C. Davis, W. V C; Rev. John W. Pugh, 
V. P.; J. A. Fnqna, R. S.; J. W. Murphy, F. S.; E. G. Buckner, 
Banker; Jos. Mathias, Guide; Phil. R. Zulauf; S. W. Lucas, O. S. 
The office C. C. (formeily W. C.) has been held successively by D. 
A. Wilson, E. G. Buckner, Phil. R. Zulauf. E. C. Davis, W. H. 
Owen, John W. Pugh, C. H. Todd, J. W. Carter, J. Q. A.Stewart, 
J. G. Owen, W. H. Owen, H. W. Miller, Charles Haney, J. D. 
Hayes, J. D. Powers, J. J. Sweeney, E. P. Taylor, C. K. Lehr- 
berg, W. T. Ellis, W. M. Fisher. The lodge has furnished to the 
Grand Lodge four officers: J. D. Powers, P. G. C. ; Phil. R. Zulauf, 
G. P.; J. W. Carter, G. L G.; E. G. Buckner, G. O. G. The 
Grand Lodge met at Owensboro in October, 1882, and were enter-' 
tained royallj' by Star Lodge, at a cost of over $2,000. The city 
was gayly decorated with flags, and a grand banquet was given the 
Grand Lodge Oct. 11. The present officers of Star Lodge are as 
follows: W. T. Ellis, P. C; W. M. Fisher, C. C; George Cox, 
V. C; J. Z. Moore, P.; James Moorman, M. of E.; W. G. Bur- 
nett, M. of F.; H. F. Hager, K. of R. and S. ; George Donaldson, 
M. at A.; Irvin Haney, L G. ; J. C. Grady, O. G. The lodge is 
in excellent condition, financially and otherwise, having over 100 
members in good standing. It meets every Tuesday evening at 
Masonic Hall. 

Section, No. 188, Endow7nent Rank, Knights of Pythias, was 
organized by virtue of a charter, dated May 16. 18'78, with a mem- 
bership of about thirty. The first officers were: J. AV. Carter, 
President; J. A. Brown, Secretai-y and Treasurer. The ]>resent 
officers are: W. H. Owen. President; C. K. Lehrbcrg, Secretary 
and Treasurer. This organization pays endowments of $1,000, 
$2,000 or $3,000, as the member prefers. 

Owensbo-ro Council, No. 34, was chartered Nov. 14, 1860. The 
applicants for a charter were J. G. Griffin, Henry Megill, H. P. 
Hart, J. J. Daveiss, J. Delahnnt, Lonis Weber, C. N. S. Taylor, W. 

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W. Chambers and others. The first officers as appointed by the 
Grand Council were as follows: J. G. Griffin, T. I. G. M. ; C.N. 
S. Taylor, D. T. I. G. M.; H. P. Hart, P. C. W. The charter was 
signed by Phillip Sweigart, G. P., and A. G. Hodges, G. li., and 
was executed at Frankfort, Ky. Some few years ago all the coun- 
cils were suspended by enactment of the Grand Lodge, the inten- 
tion being to dispense with that branch of the Masonic order. 
The council in Owensboro was sustained until abolished by this 

Order of Foresters. — A society of this order was organized in 
this city Dec. 25, 1877, with about sixty members, which number 
increased to eighty. Object, mutual insurance, etc., similar to the 
A. O. U. W. Dr. C. C. Lewis was the instigator of the movement 
here. Henry P. Tompkins was Chief Kanger. The society paid 
one assessment, and in about eighteen months died. 

Sons of Temperance. — A lodge of ibis order was organized in 
Owensboro in the fall of 1846. A. G. Munn, Grand Worthy Pa- 
triarch, of Louisville, was the instituting officer. There were but 
ten or twelve charter members, of which the following is a partial 
list: Geo. Scarborough, S. M. Moorman, Geo. N. McKay, Richard 
McKay, Frank L. Hall, Wm. B. Wall, Finley W. Wall, Joseph 
Mills, Kidgley Griffith. The society convened in the second story 
of an old frame building that stood on the ground now occupied by 
McCuUough's Hotel. The lodge was short-lived. During the first 
year of its existence it flourished finely, and swelled its member- 
ship to over 150. They had numerous street parades and other 
public demonstrations in 1847 and 1848. After the last named 
year, owing to the withdrawal of some of the leading pirits 
and a general absence of interest by those who had grown tired 
of the routine of lodge business, the attendance diminished and 
it was finally voted to surrender the charter, having been in exist 
ence but little over three years. As near as we can learn, the first 
Worthy Patriarch was Geo. Scarborough, followed by S. M. Moor- 
man. The first Conductor was Eidgley Moorman, who was suc- 
ceeded by Frank L. Hall. 

Temple of Honor. — This is a secret temperance society of a very 
@ high grade, which grew out of the order of Sons of Temperance 
many years ago, dating its independent existence in 1846. Very 
shortly after that date a lodge was organized in Owensboro, which 
flourished until the war, having a membership at one time of as 
many as fifty. Their ritual was beautiful and their discipline 

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Strict. They hail regalia, and indulged in public demonstrations 
occasionally. The members were called •' Templars of Honor." 
We appu-nd here a list of the members we tind on the record ot 

1848 : 

E.T. Allen, 
Jas. A. Haggard, 
Geo. N. McKay, 
E. G. Cannon, 
Fieldon B. Meek, 
Rev. A. H. Triplet!, 
John T. Sebastian, 
John 1 . Tracy, 
Geo. D McLean, 
Jas. M. Holmes, 
Eli as Barker, 
James Lackey, 
Rev. R. G. Gardiner, 
J. Littell, 
James W. Mahon. 

W. N. Mason, 

E. S. Marks, 
.las. J. Bowlds, 
Jas. J. Marks, 
W. T. Courtney, 
James Barnes, 

F. Lockett Hall, 
A. B. Johnston, 
Elisha Baker, 

E S. McMannon, 
John Jackson, 
James W. Caniiou, 
Rev. D. V. Kirtley, 
Samuel S. Heath, 
Geo. H. Hudson, 

K. G. Moorman, 
Geo. W. Tripletl, 
Joseph Mills, 
W. B. Wall, 
John J. McFarhmd. 
R. P. Aull, 
Gtorge Marks, 
Samuel Wallace, 
John Summers, 
Erasmus Ford, 
William Prulzman, 
S )lomon Kigel, 
O. S. Wilson, 

Most of the above names will appear familiar to the citizens of 
Daviess County, but very few of the parties are residing here now. 

Good Tem.plars. — The first lodge in Owensboro was organized 
about the first of March, 1868, as " Purity Lodge, No. 43," with 
R. W. McFarland as W. C. T.; Miss Kate McLean, W. V. T.; 
Rev. W. C. Settle, Lodge Deputy; Philander Read, Treasurer. 
The membership at first was thirty to thirty-five, wliicli rose to 
seventy-five or eighty at the height of their prosperity. Meetings 
were held weekly, but zeal in attendance diminished considerably, 
until the following re-organization was effected. 

Onward Lodge, I. 0. G. T., No. 620, was organized about 1870, 
by Gr. W. C. T. J. J. Hickman, with about fifty members. Geo. 
W. Mathis, W. C. T. ; Miss Mary Parrish, W. V. T. ; C. B. Mitchell, 
Lodge Deputy, etc. This society grew so large in a short time 
that the next mentioned, 

Spartan Lodge, I. O. G. T., was organized, in 1872, with about 
forty members, which increased in a short time to about sixty-five 
or seventy ; but the attendance finally dwindled so low that some 
years ago its charter was surrendered. 

Onward Lodge reached a membership of over 300; and, although 
it has not met for about two years, it still holds its charter. 

Ths Younger Brothers of Temperance was a society of youth, 
originally under the auspices of the Sons of Temperance, andkey>t 
in working order for several years. It accomplished a magnificent 
work. Nearly all who were members are now men forty to forty- 
five years of age. During the days of "their greatest prosperity, 
L P. Washburne published and C. B. Mitchell edited a weekly 

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0WEN8B0R0. 399 

temperance paper called the Fountain Journal, and devoted to 
temperance principles generally. It was a folio of five or six 
eighteen-incli columns to the page. 

Women Temperance Workers. — This society was organized in 
February, 1882. It was instigated by a call published in the city 
papers, signed by Mrs. James "Weir, Mrs. Bailey Todd, and Mrs. 
Baker Boyd, asking the ladies of the town to meet and organize 
for temperance work. The object of this society was to promote 
the interest of temperance generally, and especially to enforce 
Sunday liquor laws. The first meeting was held at the rooms ot 
the Y. M. C. A. ; thirty members were present. Mrs. Dr. E. H. 
Luckett was elected President; Mrs. Bailey Todd, Vice-President; 
Mrs. Baker Boyd, Secretary, and Miss Hettie Hughes, Treasurer. 
The enforcement of Sunday laws was not to incite the antipathy 
of any non-Puritan sect, but to secure to the working-man's family 
the result of his labors, by removing the possibility of his spend- 
ing his week's wages at an open saloon or rendezvous on Sunday. 
In March, 1882, they presented a largely signed petition to the 
Council, who, by vote, decided to enforce the " Sunday Law," 
and the Mayor issued a proclamation accordingly. One saloon 
remained open for a test case. This society took thef matter up, 
employed counsel, prosecuted under the State law, and fined 
saloons outside of city limits. 

Regular meetings of the society are held at the rooms of the 
Y. M. C. A. The interest in the work is constantly increasing. 
Funds are raised by entertainments and subscriptions, and used 
as the society may direct — principally for attorneys' fees in prose- 
cuting cases where the Sunday law has been violated. Meetings 
are held for prayer and reading of Scriptures. 

Owensboro Fountain, No. 13, Younger Brothers of Temper- 
ance, was organized in 1847. The order was a State institution, 
conducted under the auspices of the Sons of Temperance. It 
admitted to membership boys and youths from twelve to eighteen 
years of age. ^he society in this city lived but a few years, but 
during its existence did much good in molding the habits of the 
youth of this community. The first officers were: George Scar- 
borough, Elder Brother; George Sebastian, Presiding Brother; 
John J. McFarland, Secretary. 

Stewart Lodge, No. 50, A. 0. U. W., was organized March 23, 
1877, by J. F. Pearson, of Louisville, D. D. G. M. "W., with a 
charter membership of sixty-three. The first officers were as fol- 

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lows: "VC. T. Ellis, P. M. W.; J. Q. A. Stewart, M. W. ; W. G. 
Burnett, F.; J. W. Slaughter, O.; W D. Osborne, Kecorder; G. 
W. Coifey, Financier; Isaac Kqnnady, Receiver; "W. J. Lucas, I. 
W.; J. F. Douglas, O. W.; Wm. H. Owen, Guide; W. H. Owen, 
A. J. Turpin and James Kennady, Trustees; James Kennady, 
District Deputy. The lodge was at first called Anchor Lodge, but 
Apiil 7, 1877, this name was dropped, on account of there being 
another lodge in the State called Anchor Lodge, and it was named 
Stewart Lodge, in honor of the first presiding officer. Dr. J. Q. A. 
Stewart, now in Frankfort as Superintendent of the Institution for 
the Feeble-Minded. The office of Master Workman has been held 
by Dr. J. Q. A. Stewart, J. W. Carter, J. H. McHenry, James Ken- 
nady; J. W. Slaughter and D. R. Gash. The lodge has at present 
a membership of twenty. The present officers, chosen in July, 
1882, are as follows: J. W. Slaughter, P. M. "W. ; James Ken- 
nady, M. W. ; J. Y. Kruse, Foreman ; P. T. Watkins, Guide; 
J. F. Harrison, Overseer; W. D. Osborne, Recorder; G. "W. 
Coffey, Financier; Isaac Kennady, Receiver; D. R. Gash, I. W.; 
J. Goodapple, O. W. ; J. W. Slaughter, Representative to Grand 
Lodge. The lodge meets every Thursday evening, at the office 
of Colonel J. H. McHenry. J. H. McHenrj and JamesKen- 
nady are officers in the Grand Lodge of Kentucky. 

The United Brothers of Friendship, No. 7, was organized 
in the winter of 1866 '7, with a charter membership of about 
twenty-five. It is a secret order confined to colored men. Among 
the first members were William Moreton, Sandy Alexander, Albert 
Jackson and Wesley Troutman. The object of the order was at 
first benevolence, but now insurance is combined with the working 
the lodge. The limit of insurance is $3,000. The society has 
prospered, owning now $4,000 worth of property, and its member- 
ship now amounts to eight}', in good standing. The present 
officers: H. C. Helm, Master; Terry Howard, Deputy Master; 
Wm. Griffith, Secretary; Currier Valentine, Assistant Secretary; 
Albert Jackson, Treasurer; John Garnet, John ISTepp, George Al. 
exander, Robert Daws and Pat Taylor. The society meets the 
first and third Mondays of each month, at their hall. 

The Little United Brothers of Friendship was organized about 
1872, with about fifteen members. It is a society composed of 
colored boys, and is under the control of the United Brothers of 
Friendship. It has now about sixty members in good standing. 

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Si. Johnson is the President; Levi Bartlett, Vice President; Rob- 
ert Sherman, Secretary; John Nepp, Treasurer. The society 
meets twice a month, the second and fourth Mondays. 

The Little United Sisters of Friendship is immediately under 
the direction of the United Sisters. It was organized in August, 
1881, and at the present time has over fifty members. It meets 
twice a month, at the hall of the United Brothers. 

The United Siiters of Friendship is a secret order among the 
colored ladies of Owensboro. U. B. F. Temple, No. 8, was or. 
ganized about 1868, with a membership of fifteen or twenty. It 
is under the direction of the United Brothers of Friendship, but 
holds separate meetings. Its objects are benevolence and socia- 
bility, and life insurance, limited to $1,500. The present mem- 
bership is over 300, and the prospects of the society are very 
bright. The presiding officer is denominated Princess, and is at 
present Mrs. Lizzie Daws; the Secretary is Mrs. Annie Yerrin. 
The society meets at the U. B. F. Hall, the first and third Tues- 
day night of each month. 

Yost Lodge, No. 2,525, k. of H., was instituted June 23, 1881, 
by Colonel "W. H. Yost, of Greenville, Ky., District Deputy Grand 
Dictator, in honor of whom the lodge was named. Nineteen per- 
sons composed the first membership, although about thirty-five 
had signed the application for a charter, several of whom were 
subsequently admitted as charter members, by virtue of a dispen- 
sation having been granted for that purpose. The first officers 
were: Lawson Reno, Past Dictator; Malcolm Mclntyre, Dic- 
tator; M. H. Webber, Yice- Dictator; R. D. Bailey, Assistant 
Dictator; H. L. Cambridge, Reporter; N. S. Roark, Financial 
Reporter; A. B. Miller, Treasurer; 0. F. Smith, Chaplain; Silas 
McClung, Guide; T. D. Gibson, Guardian; G. W. Hildebrant, 
Sentinel; J. D. Powers, E. G. Buckner, William H. Murphy, 
Trustees; Dr. A. C. Haynes, Medical Examiner. Yost Lodge 
was organized in the hall of the Masonic Temple, and for a few 
weeks held its stated meetings in that hall; but since then has 
occupied Odd Fellows Hall, corner of St. Ann and Third streets. 
The lodge had a steady growth, and at the end of six months 
numbered forty-three members, showing the largest increase dur- 
ing the time of any lodge in the State, according to the official 
report of J. A. Demaree, Grand Reporter. The principal officers 
were re-elected for the second term, and under their administra- 
tion the society continued to prosper, until at the close of one year 

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it numbered sixty-three members in good standing, again showing 
the largest increase in membership of any lodge in the State. Since 
that time the lodge has hardly maintained its hitherto enviable 
reputation as the "Banner Lodge," and at the close of December, 
1882, her roll-book contained only sixty members in good stand- 
ing. The January term, 1883, commences under favorable 
auspices, on a solid financial footing, with money in the treasury, 
and an efficient corps of officers, chief of whom are A. E. Reese, 
Dictator; J. M. Oppenheimer, Vice-Dictator; W. N. Oatlen, 
Reporter; B. Rosenthal, Financial Reporter; Dr. C. H. Todd, 
Medical Examiner. During a period of more than nineteen 
months there has been no depletion of membership by death, and 
only four have been on the sick list. The lodge pays a sick benefit 
of ,$5 per week during the illness of members in good standing, 
and during its organization has paid out in weekly benefits about 

Harmonic Lodge, No. 114, D. 0. H., was organized June 14, 
1865, with seven members and the following officers : A. Miller, 
C. Green, A. Steitler, V. Present officers are A. Schaid, E. B.; 
E. Seelen, O.B. ; James Schmitt, tf. B. ;r. Sommer, President- 
George Unsa, Secretary. Present membership, forty-six. Meetings 
are held on Tuesday night at Harigari Hall. This is a benevolent 

General James S. Jackson Post, No . 3, Grand Army of the Re- 
public, was mustered Feb. 6, 1882, at Odd Fellows' Hall, Owens- 
boro, with a membership of thirty-seven. The post was mustered 
by PostCommander Colonel W. H. Keller, of Evansville. The offi- 
cers chosen at that time, and who are still acting at this writing, 
are as follows : J. H. Fisher, Commander; E. B. Allen, Senior 
Yice-Commander; B. F. Meredith, Junior Vice-Coinmander; Dr. 
J. F. Kimbley, Surgeon; J. D. Wilson, Officer of the Day; W. C. 
Moreton, Adjutant; J. A. Brown, Quartermaster; J. M. Wliite- 
head. Chaplain. The post lias rapidly increased in membership, 
liaving now over eighty comrades, from all parts of Daviess 
County. It meets every Monday niglit, at Odd Fellows Hall. 

C. II- Todd Conclave, No. 8, of Heptasophs, or Seven Wise Men, 
was organized in Owensboro, in March, 1878. It was a secret 
order, having its origin in New Orleans, and growing up as sud- 
denly as a mushroom in the niglit. Its numbers in Owensboro, in 
the course of eight weeks, grew to 200, comprising many of the 
best men of the place. The chief object of the association was 

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mutual insurance. Meetings were lield weekly, but in about a 
year it died out, and there is not now an affiliating member in 


Bachelors' Club. — A society by this name was organized in Ow- 
ensboro several years ago, with constitution, by-laws and officers; 
but, although social entertainments are still occasionally given in 
their name, the club as a definite organization is probably more 
mythical than real. The young men of the city, as a bachelors' 
club, give annual hops during the agricultural fair; and the annual 
business meetings which the old organization is supposed still to 
hold, are very spicily written up by the Post. 

The«pian Society. — This dramatic company flourished about 
1856-'8. The star actor was Henry E. Smith, who played as Claude 
Melnotte in " Lady of Lyons," Oct. 5, 1857, which was the first 
play of the company. Other actors were Dr. James Conway, John 
O'Brien, Dora Shaw and Mrs. Libby — ail professionals. About 
these times Sallie St. Clair, who has since married Lawrence Bar- 
rett, fulfilled engagements here as Lucretia, Camille, etc. 

In 1867 another dramatic amateur company was formed here, 
composed entirely of home talent. Kosa Pope was the star. 

The Economical Social Club took the lead in the winter of 1874 
-'5, in giving hops, etc. 

M. H. Q. — This was a society of a dozen lads, organized about 
two years ago, for social enjoyments. The signification of the 
initials of their name is not public. Robert Pottinger, Jr., was 
President; Eugene Pattinger, Vice-President; Wm. Lancaster, 
Secretary, and Charles Elder, Treasurer. They had dances and a* 
great deal of sport, but the organization, as such, is now practically 

The Monarch Rifles, a military company formed under the 
State laws of Kentucky, was organized Oct. 16, 1879, with upward 
of forty members. The first officers were S. H. Ford, Captain ; 
Austin Berry, First Lieutenant; G. Y. Triplett, Second Lieutenant. 
The non-commissioned officers comprised four Corporals and four 
Sergeants. Their first meetings were held in the City Hall and sub- 
sequently in the court-house, under the provisions of a law requiring 
counties to permit the use of such buildings for the accommodation 
of State military companies. Soon, however, they felt the need of 
more spacioas and exclusive quarters, and removed to their present 

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location, known as Armory Hall, on the river, between Frederlca and 
St. Ann streets. The room is 80x160 feet, and is considered one 
of the finest and largest in the State, being second only to the 
quarters of the Lonisville company. Regular business meetings of 
the company are held the first Tuesday in every month, and meet- 
ings for regular drill on Friday evening of each week. They have 
dress and fatigue uniforms. Their arms are the United States 
improved Springfield breech-loaders. Their camp equipments are 
very complete, from tents to utensils. This company holds the 
bannergiven by the Adjutant-General for the highest average dress 
inspection of any company in the State. They went into camp in 
the summer of 1881, at the fair grounds in Owensboro, and in the 
fall of the same year attended the centennial celebration of the sur- 
render of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown. Following is a list of the. 
names of members in attendance at the celebration: 

Captain S. H. Ford; Lieutenants Austin Berry and G. V. Trip- 
lett; Sergeants Armendt, Chisom, Ford and Watkins; Corporals 
Haney, Hickman, Gentry and Guenther; Privates Johnny Allao, 
Louis Baer, John Bishop, Wm. Binion, Lonis Carter, Oscar Cot- 
trell, Arthur Ford, Fred Gipe, John Gray, David Graves, J. J. 
Hill, Kelly, J. W. Maddox, J. L.Maddox, Harmon Miller, Geo. 
Milne, Wm. Eudd, Jerry Small, Edgar Troutman, Ben Wile, Hugh 
Williams, Jas. Whitehead, John Wilhoyte, George Zinsaud Frank 

In the summer of 1882, Captain Ford, who was instrumental in 
organizing the company, and to whose efforts is largely due its 
present prosperous condition, resigned. Its present commissioned 
officers are: Austin Berry, Captain ; W. B. Armendt, First Lieu- 
tenant; C. F. Kelley, Second Lieutenant. There are now between 
forty and fifty members. 

Musical. — A brass band was organized in the city in 1858, and 
led by Prof Buck, for a year or two. The " Combination Sitver 
Cornet Band" of 1872 was under the leadership of Prof Frauk 
Brewer. O. D. Read was President and Wm. Reinhardt Secretary 
of this band. The "Frohsinn Singing Society," German, gave 
entertainments in the winter of 1874:-'5. 

Besides the foregoing, there have been numerous smaller or 
transient associations, as singing societies, music bauds, debating 
clubs, base-ball clubs, guilds, etc., etc. 

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0WEN8B0R0. 405 


The first burying ground for Owensboro was on Fourth street, 
south of the public square, and in the vicinity of tlie old " Masonic 
Lodge" building. It extended west to St. Elizabeth street. Most 
of the dead who were buried there still remain. In 1840 
the place of burial was changed to a point on the Henderson road, 
just beyond the city limits. Most of the remains buried here have 
been removed. Paupers, however, are still bur.ed in this ground. 
In 1852 the cemetery was moved to the southeastern portion of the 
city, comprising the ground between Triplett and Center streets, 
and Fourtli and Sixth. All the dead buried here have been re- 
moved. These grounds were owned by a company of stockholders, 
and controlled by a directory. The first two spoken of above were 
owned and controlled by the city. 

Eimwood Cemetery. — In the year 1856. seeing the necessity for 
a cemetery, a company of the citizens of Owensboro was formed, 
composed of William Bell, James Weir, R. M. Hathaway, George 
Scarborough, D. ' M. Gritfith, F. M. Pearl, J. B. Anderson, Robert 
Craig, John H. McHenry, Sr., S. M. Wing and E. A. Hathaway, 
who purchased of R. M. Hathawav and F. M. Pearl nine acres 
and a fraction of ground in what is known as Hathaway's addition 
to Owensboro, aiuu xiamed same "Rural Cemetery. 

The use of said grounds was continued until 1868, Wuen, owing 
to their smallness and the growth of the city around them, it 
became necessary to seek a more spacious and suitable place for a 
cemetery. After due consideration, forty acres of ground^ -r^lu-.i.^d 
about one mile southeast of Owensboro, (.;i the Hartford road, 
were selected and purchased of John G. Bfi.i'kJp^ by the following 
persons : S. M. Wing, James Weir, R. iJ. Hathaway, 1). M. 
Griftith, J. F. Kimbley, C. Griflith, T, ' Venable, W. B. Tyler, 
W. N". Sweeney, B. Bransford, T. S. Anaerson, l>avid Hamilton, 
J. H. McHenry, Jr., Charles Werner, John G. Barkley, W. T. 
Courtney, S. H. Ford and W. H. Perkins. G. R. Milne, in May, 
1875, was admitted into tiie company, on the same footing with the 
above-named stockholders, and each one received a certificate of 
the company's indebted ness to him for $200, to bear twelve per cent, 
interest, annually. The name given to the grounds was " Rural 
Hill Cemetery "— changed in April, 1869, to Eimwood, its present 

Nearly all the persons buried in the old cemetery were removed 

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to the new at the expense of the company, and each lot-owner in 
tlie old cemetery received a lot in the new one instead. Improve 
ments were immediately begun on the new grounds — a good brick 
house erected for the sexton, grounds fenced in, surveyed, divided 
into lots, roads and some substantial brick drains made. This was 
done under the supervision of Mr. R. M. Hathaway, the first J^res- 
idont of the Elmwood Cemetery Company, and to his close 
attention, good taste and judgment is due much that is beautiful 
and substantial on the premises. In order to do all tliis, much 
money was expended by the company in anticipation of receipts, 
which, meantime, came in slowly, while expenses continued and 
interest accrued. In short, the indebtedness of the company 
increased constantly, the stockholders became weary waiting for 
returns and many of them sold their stock, the majority of which 
came into the hands of T. S. Anderson. 

The debt had now (1878) accumulated to such a size that the 
aimnal interest on it, to say nothing of the necessary running 
expenses of the cemetery, amounted to more than the entire yearly 
receipts from all sources; and, the affairs of the company being in 
such a condition that each year's business increased the debt a^d 
decreased the assets (as the lots were sold), it became evident to 
the creditors that some change must be made in the finances. 

The directors were urged to make ai'rangements to pay ott' the 
debt, if possible, but they seemed unable to do so. T. S. Anderson, 
being the largest creditor, then proposed to give the company one 
year's time, without interest, on his claim, if they would secure it, 
but this was declined. He then proposed to pay the entire debt 
oi the cemetery, himself, if tlie company would transfer its prop- 
erty to him. It was generally conceded at the time that the entire 
T>roperty of tlie cemetery would not pay its debts at a forced sale, 
a d, as before saiil, the debt was increasing yearly. The directors 
said the proposition was liberal, more so than they would be willing 
to make, and on the 25th of June, 187S, the cemetery and assets 
WL're conveyed by deed to T. S. Anderson, on condition tliat lie 
should pay all debts of the cemetery, and that the grounds should 
bo forever us.'d as a burial ground and kept in good order. 

Upon taking charge of the cemetery, and after consulting the 
best authorities (Spring Grrove Cemetery, Cincinnati; Cave Hill, 
Louisville, and (^ak Hill, Evansville), he decided to divide some 
of the lots, heretofore entirely too large, into sizes to suit the wants 
oi every famil}'; and as the past experience of the company had 

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aWENSBOKd. 407 

shown that the old price of lots was not enough to keep the ceme- 
tery out of debt, the price of lots per square foot has been increased ; 
but even now the prices of the best ground is onlj^ one fourth of 
that of the same in Cave Hill, and not more than one third of that 
in Oak Hill, Evansville. 

The entire debt of tlie old company has been paid off and 
the cemetery is now on a firm footing. Some improvements liave 
been made already, as can readily be seen, and others will be 
made. It is intended that Elmwood shall be a first-class cemetery 
in every respect, and much more labor and care will be given it 
than ever before. 

The Catholic Cemetery is located about a half mile below town, 
on the Henderson road. It comprises about nine'acres. It was 
laid out in October, 1861. 


The people of Owensboro exhibit that promptness in philan- 
thropic demands which is characteristic of Kentuckians. 

March 8, 1867, a general relief committee, ^ith auxiliary com- 
mittees throughout the county, was organized for the relief of the 
suffering poor in the South. This organization did something 
considerable; but during the spring another organization was 
effected, which, it seems, did much more. 

In the fall of 1878 the citizens of Owensboro raised about 
$1,200 for the relief of sufferers in the South. 

Owensboro rallied nobly to the relief of the Chicago sufferers, 
after their great fire of Oct. 9, 10, 1871. 

[See Chapter XIV. for philanthropic enterprises comprising the 


In the days of President Polk, Jesse Br i stow was Postmaster. 
The office was on the river, in one of the old Morton houses, 
where Ben Bransford's stemmery has since been. Mr. B. was 
consumptive, and therefore irritable; but was a good Postmaster. 
His successors "in office have been George Holmes, Solomon How- 
ard, Thomas Higdon, James Watkins, Dr. Stephen F. Ogden, 
the MegiU Bros., Jesse Moore, S. C. Wing (son of S. M. Wmg), 
and Lawson Keno. Dr. Ogden was a jolly, faithful, patient 
official. Mr. Reno and his assistants seem to be as accommodat- 
ing as anybody could wish. Mr. Reno and his deputy, 0. B. Mit" 

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chell, have had tlie office since Feb. 2, 1880, and thej are the best 
men for the place that could be found. Indeed, they are the most 
accommodating postmasters we ever saw. 

Daily mail to Owensboro was first established in November, 
1869, through the enterprise of Postmaster Foster, of Evansville. 


Most of the items given under this head are taken from that 
remarkable diary of Mr. Joseph Thomas, described at the begin- 
ning of Chapter XIII. Some of the events here referred to did 
not transpire in Owensboro, but in the vicinity; and as only a 
brief meniion is made of them, we find it more convenient to col- 
late them all together in a sort of chronological table. 


March 12, at five p. m., the steamers Sultana and Alex. 
Scott left New Orleans, and arrived at 0>vensboro the 17th at 
eleven o'clock, a. m., being out from New Orleans four days, seven- 
teen hours and forty minutes, — tlie quickest trip ever made to this 
place. The Scott beat the Sultana to the mouth of the Ohio 
by one hour. Average speed, eleven miles per hour. The Sul- 
tana broke her cam-rod, and ran an hour and a half with one 

May following, the Duke of Orleans came up, beating the 
Sultana one hour. May 25, military muster in Owensboro. Colo- 
nel Butler and Judge Owsley, candidates for Governor, delivered 
addresses. Heavy thunder-storm to daj' also, the lightning strik- 
ing the court-house and market-house. 

Measles ])revalent. 

June 1, meeting of the Clay Chib. Speeches by Devereux, 
Johnson, Weir and Crow. The S. J3. ]\Iontg(.)mery made the 
trip to Louisville in four days, twsuty-three hours and fifty min- 
utes, — the first boat that ever made it under five days. 

Aug. 5, election very exciting; a great many drank; only one 
or two figlits, liowever. Mucli sickness during this month. River 
low. Hats worse tlian usual in their depredations in town. 

September, Dr. Lockliart, abo\-e town, died. Sept. 26, Tiianks- 
giving day in Kentucky. 

Oct. 8, Wm. \A'^atkins died, after a very severe and protracted 

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Oct. 2, Whigs raised a flag-pole 120 feet high; a large meeting of 
Whigs, with music and banners. On the 3d, a great barbecue; ad- 
dresses were delivered by McHenry, Letcher, Calhoon, and Dixon. 
Ladies were present, who sung and shouted and waved their hand- 
kerchiefs. On the 8th, boys march with lights. Streets dusty. 

Dec. 27, Masonic celebration, by marching and ball. 


Feb. 11, P. Triplett's fine barn burned;, Athy's stable 
burned, with horse. A fire company was immediately afterward 
organized, and a subscription raised for ladders, cisteros, etc. ; but 
the enterprise soon "fell through." 

March, Sultana made the trip to Louisville in four days, 
twenty-one hours and fifty-eight minutes. 

April 7, Dr. Conway's house burned. 

June 9, 0. Riley, Mr. Crow and A. Jones, candidates for Legis- 
lature, addressed the people. 

No. 20, Thanksgiving. 


Jan. 17, Mr. Clary's house burned. 

March 26, Dr. Wm. Morton, Jr. , died. 

April and May, a deaf and dumb man gave writing lessons in 

May, exciting news from the Mexican war, and a volunteer corps 
of ninety-three foot was formed, with G. W. Triplett for Captain; 
seventy volunteered in one day ; all too late for acceptance, how- 
ever. McCreery raised a horse company. 

June 15, geological lectures. 

June 24, celebrations by the Freemasons. 

July, several boats passed with volunteers for the Mexican war. 

Aug. 5, exciting election; 10, county court and trustee election. 

Nov. 24, Dr. Williams died of congestive fever. 

December, two new packets — Courier and General Worth — 
running up Green River. Considerable excitement this month. 

On the 1 7th, three men — Harris, Fngh and Galloway — were 
tried before a magistrate for the murder of a store-boat keeper, 
Roberts, on Green River. The latter was dismissed and the other 
two were committed for further trial. 

On the 24th, the b'hoys about town got to shooting guns and 
bursting balls of twine filled with powder, and by so doing broke 

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»iv.'^ luii.iiv ;)a'ii.'"- of irlass. J'lai InijU'i-s niel and ordered tiie "'said 

b in.vs" to n-iKur the dainiiijcs i j-Sj witiiiii three day*. 


Jan. 1. Sups of Tc-!ii]>Grai!vX' h;i.\e a ]Mil)lic march, to the number 
fit'twrty, and were addref-M'tl hy litn-. Mi'. Hunter. 

^M.'iich M, Ki'st trip u[> tlie)ivi-r. bv tlie Alex. Scdtt. 

Mf.y i.'8-29, a jubilee, ]l<.\ ,. Deparc'], (loonies imd Coghlan 
otiiciating; 22, Pugh cleared of the ehargo of iimrder. 

.June, Mexican volunteers of the ^irevious year return home. 
9, Thomas P'ield died. 

July 11, steamer Wheel of Fortune burned about 3 a. m., six 
miles below town. 

Aug. 2, exciting election. See I'olitical chapter. 

September, Captain McCreery's com])any raised for the Mexican 

Oct. 9, regimental muster, and D. Province elected Colonel; 
19th, the steamer Concordia makes her first trip down the river; 
20th, S. D. Johnson died. Dnring the month. Prof. Honfleur 
tau:;ht drawing lessons. Joseph Thomas' pork-house completed. 

November and December, Mountaineer and Ilibernia, packets. 
Dec. 25, march by the Sons of Temperance. 


Jan. 30, Mrs. Robert Triplett died, after a very short illness. 
April 1, Kerney & Thomas take possession of grist-mill and 
commence running it. 

Ang. 15, Thomas Kelly died. 

Dec. 25, Sons of Temperance parade. 


May 27, music in the Catholic church, — the first ever in the 
town; 19, S. P. Hart died, of consumption. 
July 1, two deaths from Asiatic cholera. 
Wheat crop destroyed by rust. 


Jan. 5, P. S. Anderson died; 28, Captain Sharp died. 
Feb. 16, T. B. Fitch died; 26, Charley Ilarsford died, of con- 

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March, subscription for railroad. 

April 4, at 8:25 p. m., a sensible shock of gearthquake; all the 
citizens were alarmed; 29, ]I. Kerr & Co.'s stemmerj, tilled with 
tobacco, burned early in the morning; H, P. Triplett's cabin 
burned at night. 

May 13, a negro man died of cholera in town. 

July 8, W. Edson, of Hartford, got off a steamer here with 
cholera and died; 9, old Aunt Grace died; 17, Mr. Steyfel, an old 
gentleman, died of cholera; 21, another death trom cholera; 2i; 
Mrs. fl. Stanley died also of the same epidemic, and the next day 
her husband died with it. 

Wheat crop ruined again by rust. 

Aug. 7, Yontz died of cholera. During the month there were 
four or five other fatal cases of cholera. 

Sept. 28, M. McFarland died. 

October, considerable building in town — banking house, Bar- 
gess' store-house, M. E. church, R. P. AuU's dwelling, a splendid 
stemmery, and improvement of Main street. 


Jan. 28, Fawn, a new packet. 

April 17, Courtland, a packet. 

May, from middle onward, locusts abundant; li, two deaths 
from cholera. Fruit destroyed this month by frosts. 

June 22, Charles Ogden drowned; 29, Joseph Ogden died. 
Crops promise fair. Several deaths from dysentery. 

July, wheat good this season. A hot month. 

Aug. 16, J. W. Lanham died; also Ilovrard T. Taylor, one 
of the best farmers and citizens of the county, was accidentally 
killed by the discharge of a gun in the hands of Dr. Wilmot. Fif- 
teen buckshot entered his heart, three of which went through him. 
The gun was so ne:ir him that the flash set fire to his shirt. He 
fell, exclaiming, " Lord, have mercy on me; I am killed; " and was 
dead before those immediately behind him could raise him up. 

Aug. 27, W. Murphy died of cholera. 

Sept. 5, Joe Stout and T. Kineheloe died; 2, "Dumb Billy 
Adams "died; 7, Airs. IlaU's son died of cholera; 10, P. Triplett's 
girl died of cholera; 19, Mr. Hathaway, a painter, died; 22, 
James Jones died, a^od ninjty-one' on July fuurtli preceding. 
River exceedingly low. 

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October, about the second, A. L. Beard died; 4, T. O'Flynn 
died; about tlie twenty-eiglitli, Ralph Calhoon died; 23, death of 
Mrs. Trible. 

Nov. 1, J. Phelan died; 8, Samuel Morton died of apoplexy; 9, 
James Murphy died; 12, wife of Ricliard Thomas died. 

Dec. 9, Robert Winsor died; 10, Simpson Stout died. 


Jan. 8, death of Mat. Kirkpatrick; 10, of Robert Triplett, 
with erysiftelas; 13, of V. A. Pegram, with erysipelas; also the 
death of Fanny Mayo, with congestion of the brain; also of Mr. 
Stone, an old gentleman; 18, of Miss Allison; 19, of Dr. Hill; 
23, of Miss Sarah Triplett, with erysipelas; 24, of Mrs. P. Trip- 
lett, with same, and Mrs. Hathaway and Thomas Worley; 26, 
Mr. Combe's slave " Louie," also with erysipelas. A month of 
extraordinar}' mortality. 

Feb. 1,'Miss De Lovell, a teacher, died; 3, Mrs. Combe died, 
some say of erysipelas; 7, death of F. W. Wall; 12, J. E. Kelly 
found dead in bed from apoplexy; 24, Helena Pegram died. 

March 24, first trip of the great steamer Eclipse; also, Marcus 
McDaniel's cabin and houses were burned, and two small negroes 
with them. The Eclipse was 360 feet long, and probably the 
largest that had ever been built in the "West; cost, $135,000. 
!« March 23, Mr. Thixton died of consumption; 24, Miss Laura 
Triplett died; 30, Philip Triplett died of erysipelas. 

April 22, Mrs. Hall died. 

May 2, J. J. Bowlds died; 13, a negro in the country died of 
cholera; 15, another case. 

June 6, Z. Blanford died of cholera; 16, Miss Calhoon died of 
typhoid fever; 18, George Calhoon died of same. 

July, spiritual rappings abundant. 

Sept. 27, death of Miss Carico, Mrs. Campbell and a man below 

Oct. 15, Judge Caliioon died at Louisville, and remains brought 
home on the ISth. Joseph Thomas's steam flouring mill and 
carding machine were burned on the 1st of this month, by an in- 
cendiary; loss about $8,000. A store adjoining, with $12,000 
worth of goods, was also consumed. No insurance. 

Nov. 14, Mrs. Simmons {nee Sally Smith) died. 

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Jan. 13, A. L. Shotwell first trip down; a fast boat. 

March 5, twelve boats passed. 

April 12, Telegraph No. 3 made the best time. 

May 13, James Jones died; 18, Eclipse passed, — only three 
days and twenty-one hours from New Orleans, in a race with the 
A. L. Shotwell, which was sixteen to twenty minutes longer 
reaching Louisville. The latter left New Oi-leans three days after 
the Eclipse. 27, four white men entered Capt. Bob McFarland's 
house, dragged him from his bed at his wife's side, inflicted sev- 
eral severe blows upon his face with an ax, and then left him dead 
on the floor. They fired a gun, but no bullet wound could after- 
ward be found upon the body. 

June 15, Dr. John Roberts died. 

July 4, Mrs. Stirman died; 31, Pointers] Washington drowned. 
This month Joseph Thomas made arrangements in Philadelphia 
to introduce the stereoscope into Kentucky. 

August and September, good crop of fruit of all kinds this sea- 
son. Town improving. Old court-house removed, to give place 
for a new building. Wharf enlarged, etc. 
Dec. 28, J. Johnston died, of typhoid fever. 


April 14, Mrs. Emma {nee Ilawes) Nicholas died; 29, J. Hess 
died of cholera; there were two or three other cases of cholera during 
the month. 

June 27, Dr. Macgruder died, of consumption. 

Sept. 20 (about), Mr. Wilkinson died, of cholera, on board a 
steamer a few miles above town. 

Oct. 2, Hathaway's store and three other buildings burned; 11, 
J. H. Mayhall died; 19, T. Burgess shot D. Murphy, and the latter 
died foiir days afterward. 

Nov. 1, C. EichardEon hung by T. Landrum; about 2,500 per- 
sons present; 3, W. Thornton and two others died of cholera; 4, 
Sydney Hewitt and J. Lambsen died of cholera; 5, J. Decker died. 
" Hard Times" for want of money. 

Dee. 7, Owensboro Gazette commenced; 16, S. Collier died. 

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Jan. 27, in tlie evenintc, at J. 11. Daveiss' mill, Alex. Mason, a 
N-ountr man, was killcjJ. Ho was putting' a belt on tlic drum at- 
taclied to tlio ily-wliee), and slipped and fell so tliat an arm of the 
wheel cauglit his shoulder and liead and drew him into the wheel 
iiit. His liead was mashed to a jelly, and he lived but a few min- 
utes after he was taken out. 

Times harder this winter than before for many years. Provis- 
ions liigh and poor. Potatoes, $2 a busliel, and hard to get at 
that price. Meal, 70 to 75 cents a busliel, and flour, $8.50 a barrel. 
No vegetables save turnips, and these were SO cents a bushel, 
whereas the usual price is 12 to 15 cents. Corn, 60 cents at the 
crib and scarce. 

April 9, John Combe died; 11, Wm. Rogers died; 18, Mrs. 
Thornton died; 30, Mrs. P. Johnson (Mrs. Ford) died. 

May 3, S. Childers' brick store fell down. 

June 11, Geo. W. Mascjn died. 

Wheat crop fine, and cut early. 

July 4, corner-stone of court-house laid; 30, Know-Nothings hold 
amass meeting; 24, Mrs. J. Davidson died; 2i^, T. W Watkins 

Aug. 3, ^litchell Calhoon died; also, '-Sister" Raphaella; 31, 
Evan Merriweatlier died. 

Sept. 6, steamer William Grarvin, a packet; 11, Weir's fruit- 
lioufe burned; 16, Mrs. H. Dugan died. 

Oct. 16-19, fair; receipts about $565; 2, Major Ben Read died; 
5. Tom Sale 8hc)t his wife. Chills prevalent this month. 


Jan. 12, Mrs. Webb died, of consumption; 14, Dr. Hodges died. 

Feb. 3, Hoskins' child burned to death. 

March 29, II. A. Reed died. 

April 4, Wm. vSan^beriy died; 28, lli: Athis died. 

May 10. (iilly Jones died. 

June 24, Mrs. ?JcIlveny died; 25, Henry Faitli died. 

July 1, Joseph Tl'.Mmas, Jr., died of pneumonia, aged ten years; 
25. Mr, Delahuiit died. 

Aug. 6, j-Vt/tio/ml Anicricti.n, a Know-Nothing paper, pub- 
lished in Ov.-ensboro; 17, Mrs. McClarty died; 20, Solomon Kigel 

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iSepteiJiber, provisions higli and difficult to be obtained, on 
accouut of drouth; 23, Frank Head died. 

Oct. 11, Mrs. II. Decker died; 22, Mrs. J. Carlin died; 27, Mrs. 
Kate Craig died; 30, John Snyder died. A very sickly month, 


May, small-pox scare; 29, a death in town from this disease; 
27, G. W. Farrow died, from kicks given by Hugh B. Lea. The 
small-pox was introduced by a German who came to Kenney's 
Exchange. Several contracted the disease. Public meetings for- 

June 7, nine cases of small-pox or varioloid in town. Dull time 
in a business point of view. 

July 1, crops very promising; wheat excellent; 30, a little Small- 
pox yet. 

Sept. 4, Mrs. Wall died; 21, John Talbott's child burned to 
death; 26, George Slaughter died; 30, W. B. Johnson died, of 
typhoid fever. 

Oct. 5, Histrionic Association opened in "Lady of Lyons." 

Nov. 7, Mrs. Sarah Thomas died of consumption; 20, H. Manzy 
killed his wife, and died in jail on the 24:th. 


Jan. 13, J. H. Daveissdied. Considerable sickness this month — 
typhoid fever and pneumonia, and a few cases of small-pox and 
varioloid. In the country were some cases of scarlet fever. J. S. 
Dawson lost four children by this disease. 

Feb. 2, J. F. Hunter died of typhoid fever; 19, Scioto No. 2, 
a packet. 

March 9, three marriages at 4 p. m. ; 26, Elijah Rafferty died. 

April 20, Miss MoUie Whayne died, of consumption. 

May 30, Mrs. McKay, an old lady, died. 

Aug. 11, Mrs. N. Harlow died; 22, Mrs. Dean died. 

Sept. 6, Mrs. McAtee died. 

Oct. 17, death of Martin "Watkins, and on 31st, Mrs. Story. 

Nov. 6, death of Grajson Brooks. 

January— deaths: 2, Mrs. Dan. Kennady; 3, Temp. Sublett; 10, 
Sam. Cottrell; 14, Dr. S. F. Ogden, and Mrs. E. Marks; 22, Mrs, 

Feb. 7, Ada Roberts died. 

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March 1, J. McKeedied; 12, death of "old" Tom Grooms. 

April 12, death of J. B. Watkins. 

July 3, Salmon's house robbed and burned by negroes; 12, 
death of Mrs. Trubler; 16, of Mary Yeaman; 17, of S. Paxton. 

Aug. 28, new African church dedicated. 

Oct. 19, Mr. Ilicks's house burned; 22, Ben Allen died. 

Nov. 24, Eliza W. Ilobbs died, of hemorrhage of the lungs and 
disease of the heart. Only twelve hours afterward her servant 
from childhood, Roselle, died. 

Dec. 30, death of Mr. Harl and Mrs. Yeager. 


Jan. 30, Mr. Pegram's house burned. 

Feb. 22, spire of the Baptist church, just finished, was blown 
down, with scaffolding; damage about $1,500. Whooping-cough 

March 20, J. Mitchell's store, Dodson's stable and three or four 
houses burned. 

April 29, death of Dr. Todd. 

May 19, death of Mrs. Shelby. 

Aug. 7, earthquake sensibly felt by everybody. 

Sept. 10, James Iloskins died of typhoid fever; Mrs. John Long, 
of consumption; 16, Baptist church opened for services for the 
xst time. 

Oct. 24, death of Mrs. Reinhardt; 25, Cumberland Presbyterian 
Synod commences. 

Nov. 2, R. M. Dorsey died; 8, R. E. Cassiday died. 

Dec. 9, Larry Murphy died; 17, Deposit Bank in operation; 22, 
John Allen died; 24, PatEnright froze to death, while drunk; 31, 
a street lamp lighted at night. 


Jan. 4, a day of prayer and fasting generally observed by the 
citizens for the sake of reconciling the North and the South. 
Stores all closed and churches mostly opened. Business almost 
suspended during the montli, on account of the pecuniary depres" 
sion caused by secession, etc. ; Jan. 19, Sam Hawes, died. 

Feb. 2, Methodist revival; 20, Judge Stuart, on petition, deter- 
mined to render no judgments for debt this term, on account of the 
unsettled state of the country and consequent scarcity of money. 
There were 603 suits for debt on the docket. 

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April 8, Fanny Griasom died; 16, Crockett and Teaman spoke, 
on the occasion of the surrender of Fort Sumter, S. 0. ; 22 
speeches by J. C. Breckenridge and A. Dixon; secession gaining 
ground; 21, Mrs. Clements died. 

May 13, George Howard, died; 18, forty of the " Home Guards" 
paraded with muskets, for the first time; 28, " Dixie Guards" left 
for the Southern army; 31, death of Mrs. Nunn and McDaniel. 

July 17, "Home Guards" sworn by Judge Botts; 29, Mrs. J. 
Hathaway died. 

Aug. 17, Wash Thompson died. 

Oct. 16, death of Ben Hawes; 17, of Sid Gough. 

Dec. 5, James Talbot died of typhoid fever; 6, "Wm. H. Kin- 
ney's father died; 7, death of Mat. Cushing; 23, Miss Mollie Long 
died; 2i, Mrs. O'Callaghan. died. 


May 12, R. Hughes died; 14, Mr. Dillman died; 1, Baptist As- 
sociation commences; 15, Cumberland Presbyterian Assembly con- 
vened; 17, Mrs. Henry Scott died of consumption; 29, "Old" 
Jerry Yewell died. 

July 22, Mrs. McHenry died. 

Aug. 1, Mrs. James Talbot died; 7, Jesse Mason and J. C. Tal- 
bot died; 10, Mrs. Green died in Danville. 

Oct. 1, Methodist Conference commences; 29, Mrs. J. Bristow 
died; crops fair this year; imported groceries high and money 

Nov. 30, earthquake at 9:30 a. m; 29, "Willis Field murdered. 

Dec. 3, Mrs. Wh"ayne died; 6, earthquake; 8, Wm. Evans died; 
9, death of Mrs. Wm. Talbott; 29, Mrs. J. G. Howard and Mrs. 
McManus died. Greenbacks abundant and small change scarce; 
merchants issuing individual checks for 6 to 50 cents. 


Jan. 18, Isaac Kerneydied; 23, death of Rowell Robinson. 

Feb. 11, Mrs. Wm. Norris died. 

March 16, Mrs. J. G. McFarland died; 20, Mrs. Wash. Jones 
died; 25, death of John Dugan. Solomon J. Howard's house fired 
twice this month by an incendiary, but the fire was extinguished 
both times without much damage. 

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