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'AN LiNAHAlSr; 



(etUDCSESSOH TO TWO. HWATiTATT,) 

521 Market Street^ ST. LOUIS, 
50.CX)0 Vels. Standard Books, 

ALSO LAW ASD MEBIGAL. 




Fred'o L. Billon, at the age of 45. 



Takbn at Philadelphia, 1846. 



ANNALS OF ST. LOUIS 



IN ITS TERRITORIAL DAYS 



FROM 1804 TO 1821 



BEING A CONTINUATION OF THE AUTHOR'S 
PREVIOUS WORK 

THE ANNALS OF THE 
FRENCH AND SPANISH PERIOD 



By FREDERIC L. BILLON 



A RESIDENT OF ST. LOUIS, EXCEEDING SEVENTY YEARS 



ST. LOUIS . 

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR 

1888. 



(■ii,i{Ui:il 



4 74 



/Y6Z^o)(^ 



'Press of Nixon-Jones Printinq Co, 

912 Pine St., St. Louis Mo. 



INTRODUCTORY. 



By an act of Congress of May 7, 1800, the 
Z' ]!^orth west Territory " was divided into two sep- 
arate governments. 

That portion immediately west and adjoining 
Pennsylvania, became the territory of Ohio, and the 
balance of the country, extending west to the Missis- 
sippi river, was formed into the new territory of In- 
diana. 

On May 13, G-en. "Wm. Henry Harrison, of Vir- 
ginia, was appointed the Governor, and John Gibson, 
of Pennsylvania, Secretary of the new territory — 
and shortly afterwards Wm. Clark, Henry Vander- 
berg and John Griffin, Territorial Judges, who held 
the first term of their court at Vincennes, on March 
3, 1801. 

The population of the new Territory, embracing all 
the country now Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wis- 
consin was 4,875, about one-half in the settlements 
in the American bottom on the Mississippi, and the 
balance on the Ohio, Illinois, Wabash and other 
points. 

The Second census of the United States (that of 

1800) , had been taken only the year previously, ex- 

(iii) 



iv INTRODUCTORY. 

hibiting a population of 5,305,366 souls in the thert 
sixteen States and three territories of the Union, of 
which over 40,000 were included within the bound- 
aries of that portion of the Northwest Territory, which 
became the State of Ohio, leaving, as aforesaid, 
4,875 in the new territory of Indiana. 

At the date of our purchase of Louisiana from 
France in 1803, Ohio had just adopted a State con- 
stitution, and been admitted into the Federal Union 
as the seventeenth State. 

The large mass of the American people, at that 
day, occupying the old States on the Atlantic borders 
knew but little of the country west of the Alleghany 
Mountains. Up to this period there had been no in- 
tercourse between the peoples of the two sections. 
Separated by a wilderness of hundreds of miles, un- 
inhabited except by a few roving tribes of savages, 
an occasional straggler from the east in search of 
adventure, had found his way to the shores of the 
Mississippi, but very few, if any, had ever retraced 
his steps. But under the change of ownership, a 
new era was now to commence, destined in but a 
few brief years, to transform this wilderness into a 
vast garden, teeming with a busy hive of humanity > 
and abounding in all the essentials that conduce to- 
the happiness and pleasure of mankind. 



HISTORICAL. 



LAWS OF THE GOVEENOB AKD JUDGES OF ESTDIAKA 
FOE LOUISIANA DISTEIOT. 

After the transfer of Upper Louisiana to Captain 
Stoddard on March 10, 1804, he remained in tempo- 
rary command as Governor until Sept. 30, 1804, 
with instructions to make little, if any, change in 
the modus operandi of administering the govern- 
ment, until Congress would pass the laws necessary 
for its future government. 

Congress then attached it temporarily to the Ter- 
ritory of Indiana, which then extended to the east 
bank of the Mississippi River, with authority and in- 
structions to the Governor and Judges of said 
Territory, to enact such laws for. its immediate gov- 
ernment as they might find necessary. 

Wm. Henry Harrison, then Governor, and 
Thomas Terry Davis, Henry Yanderberg and John 
GriflSn, Judges of Indiana, enacted at Yincennes, 
the seat of government of Indiana, a number of 
laws for the district of Louisiana — 1804, Oct. 1. 
Five districts were established, St. Charles, St. 
Louis, St. Genevieve, Cape Girardeau and New 
Madrid. 

(1) 



2 HISTOEICAL. 

Courts of Quarter Sessions were established for 
each district, the terms for the St. Louis district to 
be held in St. Louis on the third Tuesdays of June, 
September, December and March. 

A Sheriff for each of the five distiicts of Louisi- 
ana, and also a Recorder for each, to be appointed 
by the Governor. 



LAWS ENACTED BY THE GOVERNOR AND .JUDGES OP 
THE TERRITORY OF LOUISIANA, AT ST. LOUIS. 

1806, May 6, by James Wilkinson, Governor, and 
John B. C. Lucas and Return J. Meigs, Jr., 
Judges. 

"An act for an Attorney-General for the Territory 
" to be appointed by the Governor." 

1806, June 27. "Arkansas district cut off from the 
" southwest part of New Madrid, and a general 
" court established, to set twice a year in St. 
"Louis, in May and October." 



By Joseph Browne, Secretary of the Territory, 
and John B. C. Lucas and Otho Strader, two of the 
Judges. 
1806, Oct. 28. "An act for the appointment of a 

" Clerk of the General Court." * 



* This was a Supreme Court or Court of Appeals, which sat in St. 
Louis twice a year. 



GOV. M. LEWIS. 3 

By Frederick Bates, Secretary of the Territory, 
and Jno. B. C. Lucas and Otho Strader, Judges. 
1807, July 3. "An act establishing courts," etc. 

Five Judges of the Common Pleas and Quarter 
Sessions to be appointed by the Governor for each 
district for four years. Two to be a quorum to hold 
court. Three terms annually in each district. In 
St. Loviis on the first Mondays of March, July and 
^NTovember. 

A court of Oyer and Terminer and general jail 
delivery established, to consist of one of the Judges 
of the General Court and the Common Pleas Judges 
of the respective district. Quarter Sessions to have 
jurisdiction of criminal eases, except those punish- 
able by death, which can be tried only in the Oyer 
and Terminer by one of the General Court Judges. 

One clerk to be appointed by the Governor for 
each district for the three courts of that district. 

The Supreme Court of record, styled the " Gen- 
eral Court," shall sit in St. Louis the first Monday 
of May and October. 
1807, July 4. An act to divide districts into 

townships by commissioners, prior to September 

1st next. 



By Meriwether Lewis, Governor, and John B. C. 
Lucas and Otho Strader, Judges, being the Legisla- 
ture. 

1808, June 18. "An act concerning Towns." 
Two-thirds of the voters in any of the villages, 
applying therefor, can be incorporated by the 



HISTORICAL. 



Court of Common Pleas, the eom-t to appoint two 

commissioners to superintend the first election of 

five trustees to serve one year. 

By the same. 
1808, June 20. "An act to lay~ out a road froin St. 

"Louis to St. Genevieve, thence to Cape Girar- 

" dead, thence to ISTew Madrid." * 

The laws of the Territory of ''Louisiana,'' were 
first printed in the year 1808, by Mr. Charless, Sr., 
shortly after he had established his printing busi- 
ness in St. Louis. It is a book of three hundred 
and seventy-two pages, embracing all the laws of 
the Territory to the close of the year 1808, and cer- 
tified to by Frederick Bates, Secretary. 

The first book printed in St. Louis. 



A SUMMARY OF THE OEGANIZATIOlsr OP LOUISIANA 
TEREITOEY, i&C. 

1803, April 30. Treaty of cession at Paris. 
1803, July 31. Eatification of the Treaty. 
1803, Dec. 20. Transfer of the lower part of the 

country at New Orleans to Gen. "Wilkinson and 

Governor C. C. Claiborne. 
1801, March 10. Transfer of the upper part of the 

country at St. Louis to Capt. Amos Stoddard, U. 

S. Army. Capt. -Stoddard was instructed by 

President Jefferson to make no change in the 



♦ Some ol the enactments of tMs period are signed by John Coburn, 
the third Judge. 



LOUISIANA TEERITORY. 5 

modus operandi, but to administer the govern- 
ment, as his predecessors had done, under the 
Spanish laws. 

1803, March 26. An act of Congress, dividing 
Louisiana by the 33rd degree of latitude, the 
southern portion to be called the ' ' District of 
N^ew Orleans," and the northern portion " Dis- 
trict of Louisiana" — to be attached to Indiana 
Territory, whose Judges shall hold two courts a 
year at St. Louis, and enact such laws for its im- 
mediate government as they may find necessary. 
Accordingly — 

Wm. Henry Harrison, Grovernor, and Thos. 
Terry Davis, Henry Vanderburgh and John 
Griffin, Judges of Indiana, at Vincennes, enacted 
a number of laws for the government of upper 
Louisiana, and on October 1, arrived at St. Louis, 
and put them in operation. They established five 
districts, St. Charles, St. Louis, St. Genevieve, 
Cape Girardeau and New Madrid. A court of 
Quarter Sessions, to hold four terms each year, 
with a Sheriff and Recorder for each District. 
The court at St. Louis, the 3rd Tuesdays of June, 
September, December and March. 

1805, March 3. An act of Congress changing the 
name of " District of Louisiana" to "Louisi- 
ana Territory," with a Governor for 3 years, 
and Secretary for 4 years. The legislative power 
to be the Governor and three Judges appointed 
for four years, to go into effect July 4, 1805, on 
which day Gen. James "WilWnson, Governor, and 



Q HISTORICAL. 

Joseph Browne, first Secretary, entered upon the 

discharge of theh' duties. 
1806. By Jas. Wilkinson, Governor, and J, B. C. 

Lucas and E. J. Meigs, Judges. 
1806, May 6. "An act for an Attorney-General 

" for the Territory." 
1806, June 27. "An act establishing the district of 

"Arkansaw from the southwest part of IS'ew 

" Madrid, and for a General Court to sit twice a 

"year in St. Louis, in May and October." 

1806, Oct. 28. An act for a Clerk of the General 
Court.* 

1807. By Frederick Bates, Secretary and acting 
Governor, and Judges Lucas and Strader, the 
Legislature. 

1807, July 3. An act regulating the Courts. 

' ' Judges of the Common Pleas to be appointed 
" by the Governor for four years, two a quorum 
" for business, three terms a year. In St. Louis 
"the first Mondays of March, July and ]!^ovem- 
"ber. 

"And a court of Oyer and Terminer (criminal), 
"to consist of the Judges of the General Court, 
' ' and the Common Pleas Judges of the respective 
" districts, when the punishment involves life or 
" death. Other criminal cases can be tried in the 
" Quarter Sessions, with a clerk for each district." 

A Supreme Court, called General Court, shall 
sit in St. Louis the first Mondays of May and 
October. 



Jos. V. Gamier was appointed this Clerk. 



TERRITORIAL ITEMS. 7 

1807, July 4. "An act to divide the districts into 
"Townships by commissioners, by September 
"1st." 

1808. By Meriwether Lewis, Governor, and Jno. 
B. C. Lucas and Otho Strader, Judges, the 
Legislature. 

1808, June 18. " An act concerning Towns." 

" Two-thirds of the voters in any village can be 

" incorporated by the Court of Common Pleas," 

etc. 
1808, June 20. "An act to lay out a road from St. 

" Louis to Ste. Genevieve, Cape Girardeau and 

" 'Ne-w Madrid" by the same, with John Coburn, 

3rd Judge. 
1808, Dec. The first book printed in St. Louis, 

was " The Laws of the Territory of Louisiana," a 

book of 372 pages, by Frederick Bates ; printed 

by Joseph Charless, Sr. 



TEERITOEIAL ITEMS, PKOM THE GAZETTE. 

1807, July. Gov. M. Lewis arrived and assumed 
the government. 

1808, Oct. 5. His proclamation dividing the [N'ew 
Madrid District into two parts, it being too large ; 
from the Mississippi river opposite the Second 
Bluff, running west indefinitely, the south part to 
the 33rd degree, to be called Arkansas. 

1809, Oct. Office of Governor vacant by the sui- 
cide of Gov. M. Lewis on his route to Washing 
ton City. 



8 HISTORICAL. 

1810, April 17. Appointment of Benjamin How- 
ard, member of Congress from Lexington, to be 
Governor of Louisiana Territory. 

1810, Sept. 17. Arrival of the new Governor at St. 
Louis. 

1810, Oct. 31. Thos. T. Crittenden, of St. Gene- 
vieve, appointed Attorney-General of the Terri- 
tory vice Hempstead resigned. 

1811, Sept. 19. Gen. Wm. Clark re-appointed 
Brigadier-General of the militia of the Territory. 

1812, June 4. Act of Congress creating Missouri a 
Territory of the second grade. 

1812, Oct. 1. Governor Howard's proclamation 
dividing the Territory into five counties. 

St. Charles, north of the Missouri river, to have 
two representatives in the assembly. 

St. Louis county, from the Missouri to Platin, 
four ; St. Genevieve, from the Platin to Apple 
creek, three; Cape Girardeau to the old line of 
]Srew Madrid, two ; JSTew Madrid to the 33rd de- 
gree to have two. Total, 13. Election to be 
held on the 2nd Monday of ISTovember. Assem- 
bly to meet in St. Louis on the first Monday of 
December, 1812. 

1812, N'ov. 9. Edward Hempstead elected the first 
delegate to Congress from Missouri Territory. 



The first Courts held in Upper Louisiana from 
a book labelled — 

"Kecord of Oyer and Terminer, 1804 to 1813," 
322 pages. 



FIRST GRAND JURY. 



" UNITED STATES OP AMEBICA. 



" DISTRICT OE LOUISIANA,) 
"ST. LOUIS DISTRICT. J 

"At a court of General Quarter Sessions of the 
peace, began and holden at the house of Emilien 
Yousti in the town of St. Louis, in and for the dis- 
trict of St. Louis, in the district of Louisiana, on the 
third Tuesday in December (18tli), one thousand 
eight hundred and four, present : — 

Auguste Chouteau, Jacques Glamorgan, David 
Delaunay and James Mackay, Judges. James 
RanMn, Sheriff of the said district, returned the fol- 
lowing list of Grand Jurors, to wit, Antoine Soulard, 
Bernard Pratte, Thos. F. Kiddick, Wilson Hunt, 
Jacob Harry, Joseph Brasau, Antoine Vincent, Sil- 
vestre Labbadie, Joseph M. Papin, Jean Baptiste 
Trudeau, Francis M. Benoit, Boyd Denny, Pierre 
Didier, Calvin Adams, Emilien Yousti, Benito 
Basquez, Giome Hebert, Patrick Lee, Yacinte Eg- 
lize, Andre Andreville, Hyacinthe St. Cyr, Joseph 
Hortiz, Louis Brazeau and Joseph Perkins, 24, who 
being severally called, there were absent four, Joseph 
Brazeau, Jno. B. Trudeau, F. M. Benoit and Pat- 
rick Lee — court adjourned. 

Wednesday, Dec. 19th. 
Present as yesterday, with others. Court ap- 
pointed Edward Hempstead Deputy Attorney-Gen- 
eral for the time, and for Constables, Wm. SulKvan, 
St. Louis; John E. Allen, Coldwater; Gabriel 



10 HISTORICAL. 

Long, St. Andrews; Matthew Lord, Merrimack, 
and Charles Desjarlais, Florisant, who were sworn. 

Thuesdat, Dec. 20th. 

Hon. Charles Gratiot presiding, with same asso- 
ciates. 

The four absent Grand Jurors were fined $5 each. 

The court rented from Jacques Glamorgan a house 
near his dwelling, for a prison, at $15 per month, 
from ISTov. 20th last, and expended |133.40 in re- 
pairs on the house. 

John Boly licensed to keep a ferry across the 
Merrimack for three years, and the court established 
the following ferry rates : For a man 25 cents, horse 
25 cents, cart and team 50 cents, wagon and team 
fl, yoke of oxen 25 cents, cow and calf 25 cents, 
and the following rates over the Mississippi and 
Missouri, man 25 cents, man and horse 62 V2 cents, 
wagon $1, each horse 50 cents, cart and horse $1.50, 
first cow or ox 50 cents, additional ones 25 cents 
each, hogs and sheep 12V2 each, merchandise 12 Vj 
cents 100 lbs., marketing 6V4. Constables' fees, 
serving a writ 37V2 cents, a summons 25 cents, an 
execution 25 cents — end of the first term. 

(Signed) Chaeles Gratiot. 

RiiFUS Eastok, Prothonotary . 



1805, March Term, Tuesday 19th. 

Charles Gratiot presiding, and eight associates, in 
addition to the former, Richard Caulk, James Eich- 



TAXES AND LICENSES. H 

ardson, and John Allen from the country, and Alex- 
ander McNair from St. Louis. 

Rufus Easton presented to the court his commis- 
sion as Attorney-General for the district. 

Jno. B. Belan was licensed to keep a ferry across 
the Missouri at St. Charles, same ferry rates allowed 
him as before established. 
1805, April 15. A special session of the court to 

regulate taxes and licenses. 

Each ferry across the Mississippi to pay $10. 
Across the Missouri at St. Charles $10, at Hens- 
ley's, six miles above St. Charfes, $5. Billiard 
tables, $100 each. Taverns $25. Taxes can be 
paid in shaven deer-sldns, at the rate of three 
pounds to the dollar (iJSVs cents) from October to 
April, after that time in cash. 



Monday, April 29th, special session. 

Calvin Adams, Andre Andreville and "Wm. Sulli- 
van, of St. Louis, were licensed to keep tavern. 

James Rankin, Sheriff, was fined $6.33 for inso- 
lence and contempt of court. 



1805, June Term, Tuesday 18th. 

Charles Gratiot, presiding, and associates. 

Josiah McLanahan presented his commission as 
Sheriff, and Edward Hempstead appointed Deputy 
Attorney-General. 

1805, Sept. Term, Tuesday, 17th. 

Charles Gratiot and associates — nothing especial. 



12 HISTORICAL. 

1806, March Term, Tuesday 18th. 

Joseph Browne presiding, and associates. 

A commission from his excellency, James Wilkin- 
son, Governor, appointing Joseph Browne, Esq., 
first Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, in and 
for the District of St. Louis, was read and ordered 
to be filed. 

Andrew Steele presented to the court a commis- 
sion from Governor Wilkinson, appointing him Pro- 
thonotary of the court of Common Pleas, in and for 
the district of Louisiana, read and ordered to be 
filed. 



1806, Special Session, April 4. 

Permission requested and obtained from Governor 
Wilkinson, to use the military guard house in the 
fort on the hill as a jail until one can be built. 



1806, Aug. 29. Gauche Becquet died suddenly. 
Wm. Sullivan, Coroner, held an inquest on his 
body. Verdict, " died a natural death." 



1806, Sept. Term, Tuesday 17th. 

Present, Glamorgan, Christy and Pratte. 

" Jeremiah Connor, Sheriff, presents to the court 
" that the jail in its present condition is insufficient 
" to secure the safety of prisoners confined in it, and 
" prays the court to take such steps in the premises 
" as the necessity of the case may require." 

The court thereupon made an order " that the offi- 
" cer commanding the militia of the district be re- 



TOWNSHIPS. 13 

quested to furnish a guard for the security of the 
prisoners until such time as the jail can be made 



1806, December Term, Tuesday, 16th. 

Court ordered the houses in the garrison to be re- 
paired for the use of the courts, and a stove and 
wood for the jail to be furnished. 



1807, March Term, Tuesday 17th.' 

Wm. Christy appointed clerk of the Court of 
Quarter Sessions, by Joseph Browne, Secretary, 
acting Governor. 



1807, June Term, Tuesday 13th. 

Silas Bent presented his commission from Frede- 
rick Bates, Secretary and Acting Governor, ap- 
pointing him first Justice of the Common Pleas.* 
1807, July 1. The courts were reorganized. Silas 
Bent, first Justice ; Chouteau, Pratte and La- 
beaume, associates, were all newly commissioned, 
and Thomas F. Kiddick, Clerk, and Jeremiah 
Connor, Sheriff. 



The commissioners of rates and levies for the dis- 
trict of St. Louis, made their report August 6, 
1807, of the division of the district into four Town- 



5 



* This is ttie first official act of P. Bates as Secretary on record. 



14 HISTORICAL. 

ships and the number of taxable inhabitants in each 
Township; St. Louis, 257; St. Ferdinand, 205; 
Bonhomme, 126; and Joachim, 141. Total, 729. 

Bee:nard Prattb, ) Qomrs. 

Thos. F. Eibdiok, f 



The sessions of the Court of Common Pleas were 
now changed to three terms a year, on the first 
Mondays of iN^ovember, March and July. 



1807, IS'ovember term Monday 1st. 

Silas Bent, Augustus Chouteau, Bernard Pratte 
and Louis Labeaume presented their new commis- 
sions from M. Lewis, the new Governor, and took 
their seats. 



1808. Nothing special occurred this year in the 

Common Pleas. 

In the Oyer and Terminer, Jno. B.C. Lucas pre- 
sided, with Aug. Chouteau, associate. 



1809. Common Pleas, March term, Monday 6th. 

The Secretary of the Territory returned into court 
a plat of the road ordered by the act for laying out a 
road from St. Louis to Ste. Genevieve, Cape Girar- 
deau and ISTew Madrid. The court approved the 
same, and ordered the road to be cut out. 



FIEST EXECUTION. 15 

1809. Oyer and Terminer, special term, May 29. 
Jno, B. C. Lncas, presiding, and Silas Bent, 
associate. Edward Hempstead presented his 
commission from Gov. Merriwether Lewis, ap- 
pointing him Attorney-General of the Territory 
of Louisiana. 



1809. Special term, August 14th. 

Jno. B.C. Lucas presiding, and Silas Bent and 

Aug. Chouteau, associates. 

" On Monday, June 26, 1809, at Long's Mill, in 
"the Township of Bonhomme, in the County of 
" St. Louie, John Long, Jr., shot, with a rifle, and 
" killed one George Gordon, the stepfather of 
" Long. 

"At a special term of the ' Oyer and Terminer,' 
"held at St. Louis, August 14, 1809, he was in- 
" dieted by the Grand Jury for murder in the first 
" degree, and on Monday, the 21st, he was tried for 
"the murder, found guilty, and sentenced to be 
" hanged until dead, on Saturday, September 16, 
" 1809, between the hovirs of 11 o'clock a. m. and 3 
" o'clock p. m., which sentence was duly executed." 

The Jury that convicted him were : John Brown 
(of Coldwater), foreman; Daniel Hodges, Alexis 
Lalande,* Antoine Barada, James Glamorgan, 
Michel Honore, Benjamin Wilkinson, Thomas R. 
Musick, Joseph Moore, Henry M. Shreve, Peter 
Primm and Joseph Philipson. 

* Alexis. Lalande subsequently made oath that he neither spoke nor 
understood a word of English. 



16 HISTORICAL. 

1809, June 1. Oyer and Terminer. 

Judsre Jno. B. C. Lucas and Silas Bent. 

A case against one Samuel IS^ugent for assault, 
came on for trial, but owing to the absence of one 
IS'ancy West, an important witness, the trial was de- 
ferred until the following day, and the Sheriff or- 
dered to bring in the witness on an attachment. On 
the next day the Sheriff had his witness in court to 
purge herself of the contempt, when the following 
colloquy took place between the court and the wit- 
ness : — 

Question. " What was your reason for disobeying 
"the summons served on you yesterday? " 

Answer. " I thought that having appeared once 
" before the Grand Jury, and given in my testi- 
" mony, that I needn't appear any more." 

Ques. " Did you know, or did you not know, the 
" contents of that summons? " 

Ans. " I did not know the contents, and thought 
" once appearing was enough." 

Ques. "Did the Sheriff inform you of the con- 
" tents of the summons? ''' 

Ans. " The Sheriff served a summons on me." 

Ques. "Did any person advise you not to ap- 
pear? " 

Ans. "No person advised me. When I went 
" away from Mr. Kinney's, Mrs. Kinney asked me 
" where I was going. I said I was going to Mr. 
" Webster's, but I didn't go to Mr. Webster's, but 
" went away to some other place, and didn't return 
" until evening." 

Ques. " Did you, or did you not, hear that Sam- 
" uel IS'ugent was to be tried on yesterday for a 



NANCY "WEST. 17 

" capital crime, and thcxt your testimony would be 
"wanted?" 

Ans. " I did hear that Samuel Nugent was to be 
"tried." 

Ques. " On what day did you hear that said ]S"u- 
" gent was to be tried? " 
Ans. " I don't know." 

Ques. " Did you or did you not know that your 
" testimony would be wanted when said Nugent 
" should be tried? " 

Ans. "I had given in my testimony once, and I 
" thought that that was enough." 

Ques. " Did you or did you not go away from 
" Mr. Kinney's yesterday morning with an intention 
" of avoiding the process of the court? " 

Ans. " If I had had an intention of keeping out of 
' ' the way I would not have come back in the evening. ' ' 
The court for the present postponed further ex- 
amination, and ordered that Nancy West remain in 
the custody of the Sheriff. The trial of Nugent 
then proceeded, and he being found not guilty by 
the jury was discharged. 

Nancy West was then called up a second time, 
and then saying, " she did not go away from Mr. 
Kinney's to avoid the process, of the court, that 
she intended to return this day if her testimony 
should be wanted, that she had never been a wit- 
ness before in a court of justice, and therefore felt 
an embarrassment.'' 
Therefore the court discharged her from the at- 
tachment. 

JiSro. B. C- LuoAS, Presiding Justice. 

2 



18 HISTORICAL. 

'1810, November 5. Common Pleas. 

Alexander McKair presented to the court his 
commission from Frederick Bates, Secretary and 
acting Governor, appointing him Sheriff of St. 
Louis County. 

Thomas T. Crittenden, appointed by Governor 
Howard, Attorney-General for the Territory. 



Oyer and Terminer. 

1811, Aug. 12. Special term. 

Judges Lucas & Chouteau. 

Trial of an Indian for the murder of a squaw ; he 
was acquitted. 

COMMON PLEAS. 

1811, I^ov. Term 4th. 

Eobert Wash, Attorney-General. 



Territory of Missouri. 

1813, March, Monday 1st. 

IS'ew court, William Christy presiding. 

David V. Walker, Aug. P. Chouteau and George 
Tompkins, associates. 

Grand Jury — Horace Austin, foreman ; Julius 
Demun, John McKnight, James Irwin, Francis M. 
Benoit, Charles Davis, Peter Primm, Matthew 



JUSTICES, SHERIFFS, ETC. 19' 

Kerr, Chas. Sanguinet, Joseph Bush, John A. 
Bright, James Thomas, James Anderson, Benjamin 
Quick, Saml. Solomon, Judathan Kendall — 16. 

David Barton, Dep. Attorney-General. 

Jno. W- Thompson, Sheriff. 

July term ended 8th. 

First Record Book, 322 pages, ended. 

LIST OP THE PRESIDDSTG JUSTICES, CLEKKS, SHERIFFS, 
ETC., OF THE COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS OF 
LOUISIANA TERRITORY. 

Presiding Justices. By whom appointed^ 

1. Charles Gratiot, Dec. 1804 Gov. Harrison, 

2. Joseph Browne, March, 1806.. Gov. Wilkinson. 

3. Silas Bent, June, 1807 Sec. Browne. 

4. William Christy, March, 1813.Gov. Howard. 

Prothonotaries . 

1. Rufus Easton, Dec, 1804 Gov. Harrison. 

2. Thos. F. Eiddick, March,1805.Gov. Harrison. 

3. Andrew Steele, March, 1806. ..Gov. Wilkinson. 

4. Wm. Christy, March, 1807.... Act. Go v. Browne. 

5. Thos. F. Riddick, July, 1807.Act. Gov. Bates. 

Sheriffs. 

1. James Rankin, Dec, 1804 Gov. Harrison. 

2. Josiah McLanahan, June, 1805. Gov. Harrison. 

3. Jeremiah Connor, Sept., 1806.Gov. Wilkinson. 

4. Alex. Mcl^air, I^ov.,1810 Act. Gov. Bates. 

5. J. W. Thompson, July, 1813.. Gov. Clark. 

6. Jos. C. Brown, April, 1819.... Gov. Clark. 



20 HISTORICAL. 

Dep. Attorney- Gen' I. By whom appointed. 

1. Bdw. Hempstead, Dec, 1804. .Gov. Harrison. 

2. Rufus Easton, March, 1805.... Gov. Harrison. 

3. Edw. Hempstead, June, 1805.Gov. Harrison. 

4. Jas. L. Donaldson, Dec, 1805.Gov. Wilkinson. 

5. Edw. Hempstead, May, 1809.. Gov. Lewis. 

6. T. F. Crittenden, l*fov., 1810.Gov. Howard. 

7. Eobert Wash, Nov., 1811 Act. Gov. Bates. 

8. David Barton, March, 1813.... Act. Gov. Bates. 

Coroner and Constable. 

William Sullivan, Dec, 1804 Gov. Harrison. 

The courts sat from Dec, 1804, to Dec, 1806, at 
Yostis' tavern Main and Locust. 
1806 to 18 on the hill. 
In 1815, Sanguinet's on 2d Street. 
In 1817, Mad. Dubreuil's house, 2d Street. 

TOWK OI' ST. LOUIS. 

An act of the Territorial Legislature, June 18, 
1808, " authorized the people of any village in the 
" Territory, on petition of two-thirds of their inhab- 
" itants to be incorporated into a Town on applica- 
" tion to the proper court.'' 

On Saturday, July 28, 1808, they held an election 
for five trustees for the Town, and elected the fol- 
lowing gentlemen : Auguste Chouteau, Bernard 
Pratte, Edward Hempstead, Peter Chouteau and 
Alexander McNair. 

In their eagerness to rank as a Town, they had 
overlooked the fact that they had first to be incor- 



TOWN OF ST. LOUIS. 21 

f ' 

porated by the proper court, as the above election 
took place but five weeks after the passage of the 
act concerning Towns, doubtless supposing that 
two-thirds of the inhabitants voting for Trustees 
made them a town without any further steps ; at 
any rate they discovered their mistake and rectified 
it after the delay of a year.* 



1809, Thursday, ISTov. 9. Common Pleas. 

Petition of the inhabitants residing within the fol- 
lowing limits, to be incorporated as the Town of St. 
Louis : — 

" Beginning at Antoine Roy's mill, on the bank 
"of the Mississippi, thence running 60 arpents 
" west, thence south on said line 60 arpents in the 
' ' rear, until the same comes to the Barriere des 
" Noyers, thence due south until it comes to the 
" Sugar-loaf, thence due east to the Mississippi, 
" thence by the Mississippi to the place of begin- 
" ning." 

The court having approved of the same, appointed 
Wm. C. Carr and David Delaunay, commissioners, 
to superintend the first election for Trustees, to take 
place Monday, Dec. 4, 1809. 

TOWN OF ST. LOUIS, ITEMS TEOM GAZETTE. 

Notice to Travelers 
of Ferry Rates at St. Louis to the east shore. 



* Dec. 11th. A meeting held at Auguste Chouteau's of the Inhabi- 
tants to correct their precipitancy in the matter. 



■22 HISTORICAL. 

One person, 25 cents ; a horse, 50 cents ; cattle, 
each 50 cents ; a cart, 50 cents ; a wagon, |1.50 ; 
lumber I2V2 cents a hundred. 

1809, ISTov. 27. First Election of Town Trustees. 

1810, Dec. 11. Auguste Chouteau, Town Treas- 
urer's statement: — 

Receipts from all sources $529.68 

Total expenditures 399.15 

Balance in Treasury . $130.53 

1812, July 11. Receipt of the President's procla- 
mation declaring war against England. A town 
meeting held. Resolutions adopted declaring 
their gratification thereat, and determination to 
support the government. 

Sept. 1. Completion of the new Market House on 
the Place d'Armes with twelve stalls. A clerk 
of the same appointed, to receive a salary of $104 
per annum. 

1818, June. First survey of the Town by Jos. C. 
Brown, U. S. Deputy Surveyor. 

THE VILLAUB AlfD TOWN — ITS PROGRESS. 

In 1804 the river front presented a perpendicular 
lime stone bluff, extending from the foot of what is 
uow Poplar street, northwards to near Rocky 
Branch, over two miles, on a level with Main street, 
about forty feet above the ordinary stage of water 
in the river. There was a narrow road on the sand 
at the foot of the bluff, used as a tow path for cor- 



ST. LOUIS IN 1804. 23 

delling boats, which, m high stages of water, was 
completely covered. The only road then and for 
some years thereafter to get from our present Main 
street to the river, was at our present Market street, 
which had been roughly quarried out by the early 
inhabitants to get to the river for water. 

The principal road up from the Main street to the 
hill in rear of the village, was our present Walnut 
street, at that day called " Rue de la Tour," Tower 
street, leading up from the Government Office, at 
the southeast corner of Main and Walnut (now 
Block 6), to the Fort and the soldiers' quarters on 
the hill at Fourth street. 

Main street was but 36 feet wide, and in some 
places, where, in the early days, some of the lot 
holders had not been very particular about a few 
feet, and had built outside this line, there was not 
more than 30 feet from house to house, and what 
are now our cross streets, were then simply narrow 
lanes left between the blocks, from 25 to, 30 feet 
wide, upon which there were no houses until long 
after our acquisition of the country. 

Market street, going west from Main to the foot 
of the hill, at 3rd, was but little used, it being low 
at 2nd and 3rd, and in wet weather much water run- 
ning down it, over the bare rock, which extended 
for some distance west of Main street, the soil, 
which originally covered it, having been washed off 
in the course of years. 

For the first few years after the transfer, there 
was but little, if any, increase in either population 
or houses, a few of the latter, generally log, were 



24 HISTORICAL. 

now and then added to the place, as the gradual in- 
crease of the population seemed to require. 

Then came the war with England, in June, 1812, 
which continued until the early part of the year 
1815. During the three years' continuance of this 
war, the General Government deemed it necessary 
to keep up a pretty large force of men here, as a 
protection to our frontier inhabitants, from inroads 
on the part of the British and Indians, this post be- 
ing then the westernmost military post of the United 
States. 

These troops were cantoned at Belief ontaine, on 
the Missouri, in this county, and the officers had 
almost daily intercourse with the people of the place. 
After the close of the war, and the consequent re- 
duction of the army to the peace establishment, 
many of these troops, both officers and men re- 
mained in the west, and became permanent residents 
of the country, thereby adding materially to the 
population. Added to this was the revival of busi- 
ness throughout the country, east and west, conse- 
quent upon the peace, which gave an impetus to the 
place, so that in the next few years, at the date of 
my arrival here in 1818, the population was esti- 
mated at three thousand souls. 

During this period up to 1816, the Town was 
confined to "the three original streets on the lower 
plateau, but after the close of the war, the pros- 
pective increase in the place induced Col. Chouteau 
and Judge Lucas, who were the sole owners of the 
land on the " MZ," back of the village, as it was 
then called, in contradistinction to the old or lower 



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FIRST SURVEY OF THE TOWN. 25 

Town, Col. C. owning south and Judge Lucas 
north of Market street, their dividing line, to lay out 
an addition to the Town, which was accordingly- 
done in May, 1816, and the lots brought into mar- 
ket. A number of them in the center near to Mar- 
ket street were sold, and a few houses erected 
thereon of brick and frame. 

Prior to 1816, there were but two houses on the 
" Hill," both stone ; one inside the old fortification, 
completed in 1791, for the residence of the officers 
of the few troops in the garrison — and the other, 
built by Judge Lucas in 1812, for his residence, on 
the ground now occupied by the Public School 
Library, 7th and Chestnut. 

THE MARKET HOUSE, 

built on the public square (Block 7) , was the first 
one west of the Mississippi river. It was completed 
and opened Sept. 1, 1812. Sixty-four feet long by 
30 feet wide, with 12 stalls. Eent, from $10 to |30 
per annum. A clerk of the Market appointed, to 
be paid $104 per annum. 

The first survey of the Town to ascertain the true 
corners and fines of the blocks and streets, was 
made in the year 1818, by Joseph C. Brown, U. S. 
Deputy Surveyor, — previous to which period, every 
person who inclosed his lot, or built a house, fixed 
its location as best he could from the surroundings, 
usually taking Laclede's Block as the initial point, 
and as some of the early improvements were made a 
long distance from this, and the place thickly cov- 



26 HISTORICAL. 

ered with timber, it was almost impossible to be any- 
way accurate. Mr. Brown found it a difficult and 
tedious job, he was a long time at it, taking La- 
clede's Block as his starting point, the lines of 
which he first established, and then all the others 
seriatim, driving cedar stakes in the precise center 
of the intersections — making two plats of the same. 

ACT OF CONGRESS CHANGING "LOUISIANA" TERRI- 
TORY TO "MISSOURI." 

1812, June 4. 

The territory heretofore called " Louisiana," shall 
hereafter be called "Missouri." 

The Governor shall be appointed by the Presi- 
dent for 3 years, and must reside in the territory. 

The Secretary for 4 years, also to reside in the 
territory. 

The General Assembly shall consist of the Gov- 
ernor, Legislative Council and House of Represen- 
tatives. The representatives to be elected by the 
voters for two years, every 500 inhabitants to be en- 
titled to one representative, until they number 25, 
then the ratio to be regulated by the General As- 
sembly. For the first election there shall be 13 
elected, for which purpose the Governor shall divide 
the territory into 13 precincts previous to October 
1st next. 

These first representatives will meet in St. Louis, 
on the first Monday of December, 1812. They shall 
nominate 18 persons to the President of the United 
States, who will appoint nine of them as members 
of the Legislative Council. And the Governor 



GOVERNOR WM. CLARK. 27 

shall convene the first General Assembly at St. 
Louis, as soon as may be convenient after the ap- 
pointment of the Legislative Council. 

Afterwards the General Assembly shall meet 
once iji each year at St. Louis, on the first Monday 
of December. 

A delegate to Congress shall be elected by the 
people at the election for the Assembly. 

This act to go into effect on the first Monday in 
October, 1812. 

Heistry Clay, 
Speaker House of Sepresentatives. 
Wm. H. CiiAwroRD, 
PresH Senate pro tern. 
Approved, James Madison, 

Brest. 

1812, Dec. 5. The first meeting of the Territorial 
House of Representatives, to select a Legislative 
Council, was held at the house of Major Peter 
Chouteau, Sr. 

1813, July 3. Gen. Wm. Clark has accepted the 
governorship of the territory. He arrived here 
on Thursday last. 

1813, July 17. Gov. Clark's proclamation for an 
election. 



1814, Sept. 24. Gov. Clark's proclamation declar- 
ing Eufus Baston elected delegate to Congress on 
Sept. 17th. Easton 948, McIsTair 854, Hammond 
744, Riddick 35. Total 2581 votes. 



28 HISTORICAL. 

1816, Sept. 21. Gov. Clark's proclamation of re- 
sult of election for delegate in Congress August 
5th; for John Scott 1816, Eufus Easton 1801. 
Scott's majority 15. Total votes 3617. 
Easton contested Scott's right to the seat on the 
score of fraud in the election. The committee on 
elections in Congress, reported that " John Scott is 
" not entitled to a seat in this house as delegate 
"from the territory of Missouri," and "resolved 
" that Eufus Easton is entitled to the seat." How- 
ever the house decided that, " the election being 
"illegally conducted, the seat of the delegate from 
" that territory was vacant." 



1817, Sept. 13. Election for delegate to Congress, 
Aug. 4. John Scott 2406, Rufus Easton 2014. 
Total 4420. Majority for Scott 392. 



1819, Sept. 15. Proclamation of Frederick Bates, 
Acting Governor, of the result of the election for 
delegate to Congress August 6th. 
John Scott 1824, Saml. Hammond 1105, Scatter- 
ing 4. Total 2933. Scott's majority 715. 

ACTS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF MISSOTJEI 
TERRITORY. 

1813, July 28. First act regulating weights and 

measures. 
1813, July 29. A Sheriff to be appointed by the 

Governor for each county for two years. 



CIRCUIT AND SUPERIOR COURTS. 29 

A census of the inhabitants to be taken October 

1, 1813. 

1813, Aug. 20. The old courts abolished, and three 
judges ot' common pleas for each county, for four 
years, three terms each year. For St. Louis, third 
Mondays of February and September, and first 
Monday in June, and a clerk for each court to be 
Recorder, to take effect Sept. 1. Wm. Clark then 
Governor. 

1813, Aug. 21. Bank of St. Louis incorporated. 

1813, Aug. 21. County of Washingtoil established, 
the 7th county. 

1813, Dec. First Legislature in session. 

1813, Dec. Boundaries of the seven counties de- 
fined. 

1814, Jan. 4. Elections to be held first Mondays of 
August. 



1815, Jan. 4. A county court to be established for 
each county except Arkansaw, to be composed of 
the justices of the peace of said counties, four 
terms each year, in St. Louis, second Monday of 
March, June, September and January. A clerk 
for each to be Recorder. 

Two circuits established, St. Charles, St. Louis, 
and Washington, the northern. Ste. Genevieve, 
Cape Girardeau and IS'ew Madrid the southern, 
three terms a year in St. Louis, the second Mondays 
of April, July and October, a clerk in each county 
of the circuit. The Superior Court hereafter but 
one term a year in each county, in St. Louis first 



30 HISTORICAL. 

Monday in February. Office of Attorney-General 

abolished, and a circuit attorney for each circuit 

created. 

1815, Jan. 21. An act for a survey of the town of 

St. Louis and plat of the same. 

Legislature sat in Sanguinet's old log house on 
2nd street. 
1815, Jan. 15. Lawrence County established. 



1816, Jan. 21. Superior Court to hold two terms 
annually in each circuit, in St. Louis, for Northern 
Circuit, third Mondays March and September, a 
clerk for each circuit to be appointed by the 
judge. County courts abolished, their duties 
transferred to the Circuit and Superior Courts. 

1816, Jan. 23. Howard County established. 

John Rice Jones, of Ste. Glenevieve, president of 

the council. 

1816, Jan. 25. An act for a jail in St. Louis 
County. 

1816, April 29. Act of Congress, a member of the 
Legislative council from each county for two 
years, and the Legislature to meet once in two 
years instead of annually. 



1817, Feb. 1. Bank of Missouri incorporated, capi- 
tal $250,000. 
This Legislature sat in Madame Dubreuil's house 

on Second Street. 



PUBLIC LANDS. 31 

1818, Dee . 17. The ratio for a representative was 

increased to 700. 
1818, Dec. 17. Eight new counties were organized 

as follows : — 

Jefferson, Franldin, Wayne, Lincoln, Madison, 
Montgomery, Pike and Cooper, and Lawrence abol- 
ished, increasing the counties to fifteen, and dividing 
them into three circuits, as follows : — 

Cooper, Howard, Montgomery, Lincoln and Pike, 
the northwest ; St. Charles, Fi-anklin, "Washington, 
Jefferson and St. Louis, the northern ; Ste. Gen- 
evieve, Madison, "Wayne, T^ew Madrid and Cape 
Girardeau, the southern. 

PUBLIC LANDS. 

Acts of Congress relating to Land claims, and 
Public land in the district of Louisiana : — 
1805, March 2. Provides for a Register or Re- 
corder of Land titles, to commence his duties on 
or before Sept. 1, 1805, and two Commissioners 
to be appointed by the President, who, with the 
Recorder, compose the Board of Land Commis-^ 
sioners, to commence on "or before Dec. 1, 1805 — 
each to receive $2,000 in full, with a Clerk and 
translator of the Spanish and French languages,. 
to receive $600. 

This Board was composed at first of Jno. B.C. 
Lucas and Clement B. Penrose, commissioners, and 
James Lowry Donaldson, Recorder, with Thos. F. 
Riddick, Clerk. They entered upon their duties in 
January, 1806, and in July, 1807, Donaldson re- 



32 HISTORICAL. 

turned to Baltimore, and was succeeded as Recorder 
by Frederick Bates. 

They made report, from time to time, to the com- 
missioner of the General Land Office, at Washing- 
ton, of their confirmations, viz., from IS'o. 1, Dec. 
S, 1808, to 'No. 1342, Jan. 15, 1812, accompanied by 
a statement of all the claims rejected by the Board, 
with the testimony and reasons in each case. Under 
the act of March 3, 1811, the duties of the Board 
ceased, and a "Register and Receiver were pro- 
" vided for, when they should become necessary." 
Congress extended the time to file claims, at differ- 
ent periods, until June 13, 1812, when they passed 
a final "Act" to allow "Actual Settlers^' to file 
their claims with the Recorder until Dec. 1. He to 
report to the General Land Ofiice, at Washington, 
to be submitted to Congress. 

April 29, 1816. Act of Congress to provide for a 
Surveyor-General for Illinois and Missouri. Gen. 
Wm. Rector was appointed, and in 1817, had St. 
Louis County surveyed by a Wm. S. Pettus. In 
1818, Alexander McN'air was appointed Register, 
and Col. Samuel Hammond, Receiver, for the land 
district of St. Louis. 

HISTOKICAL ITEMS — GAZETTE. 

1807. In the spring, Manuel Lisa, a trader, and 
George Drouillard, who had crossed the Rocky 
Mountains to the Pacific, with Lewis and Clark, 
embarked in the Upper Missouri River fur trade 
with the Indians, with an outfit of |16,000. 



AMERICAN FUR COMPANY. 33 

1808. Fort Osage was commenced early in this 
year. Gen. Clark held a treaty with the Osages, 
early in the summer, escorted to the JS^ation by 
Capt. M. Wherry's troop of horse from St. 
Charles, immediately after which Fort Osage was 
built, and commanded in 1809, by Capt. Eli B, 
Clemson, of the 1st Regiment, U. S. Infantry, 
whose headquarters are at Bellefontaine under 
Col. Bissell. 

1808. In August, Gov. Lewis held a council in St. 
Louis, with the Sacs and Foxes and lowas of the 
upper Mississippi, when a tract of three miles 
square, was ceded by them to the United States, at 
the head of the lower rapids for the purpose, on 
which Fort Madison was built the same fall, the 
first fort built by the United States up the Miss- 
issippi, Lieut. Kingsley in command. 

1809. Early in this year, Wm. Clark, Manuel Lisa 
and Silvestre Labadie formed a copartnership 
under the title of the American Fur Company, 
with a capital of $27,000 — |9,000 each, to trade 
with the Indian tribes, in the upper Missouri to 
the mountains. 

1809, May 1. "Big swamp of Louisiana ! ! ! " 
" What citizen is there, who is in the smallest de- 
" gree alive to the prosperity of our happy country,. 
" who does not feel indignant at the gross false- 
" hoods and ignorant philippics published against 
"the Jefferson administration, concerning the pur- 
" chase of Louisiana? We would recommend these 
" incendiary editors to the study of Geography, and 
" they will discover that Louisiana possesses a soil 



34 HISTORICAL. 

" equal to any other State or Territory in the Union, 
" rich in minerals, numerous navigable rivers and 
" many other advantages, place this desirable coun- 
" try-far above the calumny of the miserable scrib- 
" biers. Give us industrious planters, and in a 
" short period Louisiana will become the bright star 
" in the Federal constellation." 

Prediction of Joseph Charless, Sr., in his Gazette 
of above date. 

Has it not been verified ? 

GAZETTE EDITORIAL. 

1809, Aug. 16. 

"Rogers, chief of the Meramec Shawnees, tells 
"us that he received a summons from Waubeteth- 
" theh, Delaware chief, and Thathaway, Shawanee 
" chief, to attend a solemn council at their Town 
" near Cape Girardeau, where the three Indians and 
" a squaw were tried, she acquitted and the three 
" men found guilty of murder. They were led out 
"into a thick woods and tomahawked, then placed 
" on an immense pile of wood and burnt to ashes, 
" upwards of one hundred men assisting at the ex- 
" ecution." 

The Shawanees still occupied their village up the 
Meramec, known to the whites as Rogers' Town, 
after their then chief, they frequently visited St. 
Louis, where they procured their supplies. They 
were very friendly, many of them being partially 
civilized. They were still there at the admis/sion in 
1820. At same period other Shawanees and Dela- 



GAZETTE ITEMS. 3& 

wares had their village on the waters of the St. 
Francis, in the district of ISTew Madrid. 

South of these there are no others until you 
reach the Choctaws and Cherokees from the east 
side, Tennessee and Mississippi, in the White 
river country. 

Whole number of Indians in the Territory in. 
1810 : Sacs, Foxes, Shawanees, Delawares, Chero- 
kees and Choctaws, about 3,000 warriors, 15,000 
souls. Osages of the Arkansas and Osage Rivers, 
1,500 warriors, 5,000 souls. 

FBOM LOUISIANA GAZETTE, FEB. 35, 1810. 

"Died, in the island of Santa Margaretta, near 
"the frontier of France, in Provence, ' Barnaba 
" Chiaramonti ' (Pope Pius 7th), who was born 
" in Cesene, Romania, April 14, 1742, created 
"cardinal April, 1785, elected Pope at Venice, 
"March 14, 1800, and crowned the 2l8t of the 
"same month. Spanish papers say he was poi- 
"soned, and that his successor as head of the 
" church, is to be Cardinal Fesch, the uncle of 
" Bonaparte." 

GAZETTE, 1810. 

1810. Carondelet, 218 souls. Florisant, 270. 

Herculaneum, 200 souls ; 20 houses, 1 store, 1 
blacksmith, 1 hatter, 2 shot towers, Maclot's 
just below the Town, and Bates' just above 
the Town. Several mills near the village. 



36 HISTORICAL. 

1811, March 11. ''Wilson P. Hunt left St. Louis 
" with 70 men in barges, on his expedition to the 
"Columbia, where he is to meet the JNew York 
"Fur Company's ship, which is now on its voyage 
"around to the shores of the Pacific, accompa- 
" nied by Messrs. Bradbury and I^uttall, Bnghsh 
" Botanists, to gather new plants for that 
" country." 

To Mr. Joseph Charless, Editor of the Louisiana 

Gazette : 

Sir — I cannot but feel gratified by the flatter- 
ing terms in which you speak of the hasty and im- 
perfect essays of mine published in your paper, on 
the topography of this territory; but I have read 
with regret, in the same paragraph, a statement of 
my having set out on a journey to the westward, with 
the intention of visiting the city of Mexico, and of 
publishing the result of my travels, on my return to 
my own country. It is true, I have more than once 
expressed an opinion that such a tour, in case of the 
independence of the Mexican colonies, and of an 
amicable intercourse between them and the United 
States, would be highly interesting ; but having de- 
voted myself to a different pursuit, and besides feel- 
ing deficient in the qualifications which a person 
undertaking such a tour ought to possess, I never 
had any serious thought of it. You will forgive me 
for troubling you upon a subject which can be of no 
public interest, but which if passed by in silence^ 
would place me in a disagreeable embarrassment, 
with respect to my acquaintances, who may suppose 
that I have left the United States. 



WAK WITH ENGLAND. 37 

An excursion which I made up the Missouri, has 
doubtless given rise to the idea. It had been my 
intention to have descended the Mississippi last 
spring, in order to settte myself in my profession in 
the lower country, but circumstances preventing, I 
postponed it until fall, and in the mean time, I was 
induced to accompany Mr. Manual Lisa to the Man- 
dan villages, from whence I returned a few days 
ago, in company with Mr. Bradbury, who had as- 
cended the river for the purpose of pursuing his re- 
searches on the natural history of the country. 
With sentiments of respect, 
I am yours, &c. 

H. M. BRACKEimiDGE. 

St. Louis, Aug. 2, 1811. 

CONGEESS DECLARED WAR 

against England June 19, 1812. The news reached 
St. Louis on July 9th, and was received with delight 
by the large mass of the people of the place, partic- 
ularly the American portion, as it had been expected 
for some time. A town meeting was held on the 
succeeding day, at which a preamble and resolu- 
tions, expressive of the sense of the people on this 
subject, were unanimously adopted, concluding as 
follows : — 

Resolved unanimously, that having learned that 
several companies of volunteers, belonging to the 
State of Kentucky, have generously offered their 
services to the Governor for the protection of this 
territory, the thanks of this meeting be offered to 



38 HISTORICAL. 

the said volunteers. The evils of our exposed situ- 
ation are alleviated by the assurance that we have in 
our neighborhood, hearts to feel for our possible 
sufferings, and hands to relieve them. 

Resolved unanimously, that the proceedings of 
this meeting be publislied in the paper of this place, 
and in one of the Gazettes of Lexington, Kentucky, 
and that a copy of them be transmitted by the chair- 
man to the President of the United States. 

Charles Gratiot, 

Chairman. 
James F. Hull, 

Seci'etary. 
July 11, 1812. 

TOWlsr MEETING 

of a large number of the principal inhabitants of St. 
Louis held Monday, February 15, 1813, to consult 
on the situation of the country in consequence of 
the war. 

Major Wm. Christy, Chairman, and Wm. C. 
Carr, Secretary. 

' ' Resolved, that a committee of five persons be 
' ' appointed to take into consideration the situation 
" of the town of St. Louis, and report thereon to a 
" subsequent meeting of the inhabitants." 

" Resolved, that Col. A. Chouteau, C. B. Pen- 
"rose, Wm. Christy, B. Pratt and Ber'd G. Farrar 
" be the committee." 

" Resolved, that the said committee report on 
**■ Wednesday next at 2 o'clock p. m. 



COMMITTEE OF SAFETY. 39 

Wednesday, February 17, 1813. 

Pursuant to the resolutions of the 15th inst. , the 
committee made their report to the present meeting, 
which being read, with its accompanying resolutions, 
were unanimously adopted, viz. : — 

"■Resolved, that it is the unanimous opinion of this 
'Assembly that the town of St. Louis ought to be 
' fortified, or put in a state of defense, as speedily 
' as practicable, and in order that the objects em- 
' braced by these resolutions, equally dear and de- 
' sii-able to us all, may be the more conveniently 
' effected, it is furthermore, 

'•'■Resolved unanimously that a committee of 
' seven be appointed to be called and styled the 
' ' Committee of Safety ' for the town of St. Louis, 
* vested with absolute power not only to adopt and 
' devise the best measures for our defense or fortifi- 
' cations, but also to have the same carried into 
' effect." 

" Resolved, also, unanimously, that as soon as 

' those measures of defense or fortification shall be 

' adopted and made known by the said committee to 

' the citizens of this place and those of the vicinity 

' who may wish to be associated with them, the 

' present assembly pledge themselves to support 

' them, and to aid in carrying them into immediate 

' operation." 

Resolved, that the said committee shall apportion 

as justly and equally as may be, according to the 

property and means possessed by each person, the 

proportion of work that may be necessary for them 



40 HISTORICAL. 

to perform ; and for as much as this is a free and 
vohmtary association for objects common to us all, 
to wit : the defense of our property and lives, and 
the protection of our wives and children, it is 
therefore " Resolved, that if any pei'son shall refuse 
" or neglect to perform the portion of work requested 
" of them as aforesaid, they shall and ought to be 
" considered enemies to their country." 

'■^Resolved, that Col. A. Chouteau, George Wil- 
" son, William Christy, Francois Guyol, Robert Lu- 
" cas, Clement B. Penrose and William Smith, be 
" and they are hereby appointed the Committee of 
" Safety for the town of St. Louis." 

'•'■Resolved, lastly, that a copy of these proceedings 
be presented by the ' Committee of Safety ' to each 
inhabitant of St. Louis and its environs for their sig- 
nature." 

Wm. Christy, Chairman. 

Wm. Co Caer, Sec. 

Feb. 20, 1813. 



LEGISLATURE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

A majority sent a remonstrance to Congress against 
the war with Great Britain, and other measures of 
the General Government. 

A patriotic minority of the Legislature protested 
against this action of the majority of their body, and 
in an address to Congress, condemns the action of 
the said majority as unwise and unpatriotic, and set 



TEKEITORy TO BE CALLED MISSOURI. 41 

forth their views upholding and sustaining the Gen- 
eral Government in the war. 

The address is signed on hehalf of the minority by 
JoHi^r Holmes, Wm. Moody, 
Solomon Aiken, Joshua Prentiss, 
John Hunt, Ambrose Hall. 

Boston, June 16, 1813. 



Congressional 
census of 1810, 


Eepresentation under the 
, approved December 21, 


third 
1811, 


Eatio, 35,000. 






99 


1 !N"ew Hampshire, 6 

2 Massachusetts, 20 


10 Maryland, 

11 Virginia, 


9 
23 


3 Vermont, 


6 


12 IS'orth Carolina, 


13 


4 Ehode Island, 


2 


13 South Carolina, 


9 


5 Connecticut, 


7 


14 Georgia, 


6 


6 ]^ew York, 


27 


15 Kentucky, 


10 


7 ]S"ew Jersey 

8 Pennsylvania^ 

9 Delaware, 


6 
23 

2 


16 Ohio, 

17 Tennessee, 

18 Louisiana, 


6 
6 
1 



99 182 

The representative from Louisiana, was admitted 
April 11, 1812. 

congressional, relating to MISSOURI, ETC. 

1812. June 4. Act changing the name Louisiana, 
to Missouri Territory, and providing for a Terri- 
torial Assembly, and a Delegate in Congress. 
Gazette, July 18, 1812. 



42 HISTORICAL. 

TEOM MISSOUEI GAZETTE, SATURDAY, 'SOV. 14, 1812. 

" Our first Territorial election was held on Mon- 
" day last, as soon as we can procure complete re- 
" turns we will publish them. We believe that 
" Edward Hempstead is elected delegate to Con- 
" gress." 

The returns were never published. 

Mr. Hempstead went to "Washington, in Decem- 
ber, and was in his seat as Delegate, prior to Janu- 
ary 7, 1813, date of his letter to Mr. Charless, of 
the Gazette, and was his correspondent during the 
session. 

Gazette, Feb. 13, 1813. 

1813. Jan. 15. Mr. H., from Missouri, spoke on 
the bill to give further time to produce proofs to 
Land Claims. The Act approved March 3, 1813. 

1813. Monday, May 24. Special Session of the 
13th Congress. Mr. Hempstead was in his seat, 
and made several motions on June 4.' 
This special session ended Aug. 2, 1813. 
Edward Hempstead was Delegate from ]S'ov. 12, 

1812, to Nov. 12, 1814. — 2 years. 



PKO CL AM ATION 

of the Governor, Wm. Clark, apportioning the rep- 
resentation in the Territorial Assembly, according 
to the census recently made, and ordering an elec- 
tion for same on the first Monday in August, and 
for a delegate to Congress. 
July, 1814. 



TERRITORIAL LEGISLATURE. 43 

PROCLAMATION 

of Governor Clark, announcing the result of the 

election for Delegate to Congress, Monday, Aug. 1, 

1814. 

Eufus Easton, 948. Saml. Hammond, 744. 

Alex. Mc^air, 854. Thos. F. Eiddick, 35. 

Rufus Easton declared duly elected. 
Sept. 24, 1814. 

1814, ]S"ov. 16. Rufus Easton, Hempstead's suc- 
cessor took his seat. 
Gazette, Dec. 17, 1814. 

Aug. 5, 1816. Election for Delegate to Congress. 
John Scott, 1,816; R. Easton, 1,801; all others, 
30; total, 3,647; Scott's plurality, 15, who re- 
ceived the certificate of election, it was contested 
by Easton, on the ground that the vote of Cote 
Sans Dessein precinct, which had given Scott, 23, 
and Easton but 1, was illegal, the judges not 
having been sworn. This fact being established, 
Congress ordered a new election to fill the va- 
cancy, which came off Aug. 4, 1817 ; result John 
Scott, 2,406; Rufus Easton, 2,014; total, 4,420; 
Scott's majority, 392. 

Sept. 27, 1817. 



Tereitokial Legislature, From the Gazette. 

GOVERlsrOR HOVTARD'S PROCLAMATIOISr, 

1812, Oct. 1, dividing the Territory into five dis- 
tricts or counties, and apportioning their repre- 
sentation, based upon the U. S. census of 1810. 



44 HISTORICAL. 

1st. St. Charles, north of Mo.^Kiver to have 2 

members ; 
2d. St. Louis to Platin Creek to have 4 members ; 
3d. St. Genevieve to Apple Creek to have 3 

members ; 
4th. Cape Girardeau to have 2 members ; 
5th. jSTew Madrid to 33d degree to have 2 mem- 
bers ; 13 in all ; 
and ordering the election on 2d Monday of No- 
vember (9th), next, and returns of same to be 
made to the Governor. 



HOUSE OF BBPEESENTATIVES. 

1812, Monday, Dec. 7th ; ivom the Journal. First 
Session . 

The House assembled pursuant to the Gov- 
ernor's proclamation in a room of the house of 
Peter Chouteau, Sr., and w^ere qualified by Judge 
J. B. C. Lucas. 
Present : 

From St. Charles, John Pittman and Robert 
Spencer, 2. 

From St. Louis, David Musick, Bernard G. 
Parrar, Wm. C. Carr and Richard Caulk, 4. 

From St. Genevieve, George Bullitt, Richard 
S. Thomas and Israel McGrady, 3. 

From Cape Girardeau, Geo. F. Bollinger and 
Stephen Byrd, 2. 

From JSTew Madrid, John Strader and Samuel 
Phillips, 2; 13 in all. 



LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL. 45 

Hon : Wm. C. Carr was elected Speaker pro 
tem., and Thomas F. Riddick, Clerk pro tern. ; 
adjourned. 
Tuesday, Dec. 8. A Committee on Eules and a 
committee to wait on acting Gov. Bates, were 
appointed ; adjourned. 
"Wednesday, Dec. 9. Wm. C.'Carr elected perma- 
nent Speaker. 

They were in session six days, and adjourned on 
Saturday, Dec. 12th without day, their only busi- 
ness being to select eighteen persons to be sub- 
mitted to the President of the United States, to 
select therefrom nine, to compose the legislative- 
council of the territory. And electing Andrew 
Scott, clerk of the House. — Gazette, Dec. 19, 1812. 

PROCLAMATION OF ACTING GOV. PRED'e BATES. 

1813, June 3. That the President of the U. S. had 
selected for the Legislative Council, 

James Flaugherty and Benj. Emmons of St. 
Charles, 2; 

Augustus Chouteau and Samuel Hammond, of 
St. Louis, 2 ; 

John Scott and James Maxwell of St. Gene- 
vieve, 2 ; 

William ISTeely and George Cavener of Cape 
Girardeau, 2 ; 

And Joseph Hunter of Kew Madrid, 1 — 9 ; 
and the first Monday of July was designated for 
the first meeting of the General Assembly at St. 
Louis. 



46 HISTORICAL. 

1813, July 5 — First Monday : — 

Both houses united in an address to the new 
Governor, Wm. Clark, signed by Wm. C. Carr, 
Speaker of the House of Representatives, and 
Samuel Hammond, Pres't of the Council, no date. 

The Governor being absent on public business, 
his reply to the address was not received until 
July 26th. 

Owing to the war, the special session soon ter- 
minated — no official journal of its acts was ever 
published. 

SECOND SESSION OF THE EIR8T TERBITORIAL LEGIS- 
LATURE. 

1813, Monday, Dec. 6, present: — 

George Bullitt, George F. Bollinger, Stephen 
Byrd, Wm. C. Carr, Richard Caulk, Bern'd G. 
Farrar, John Pittman, John Shrader, Robt. Spen- 
cer — 9; George Bullitt was elected Speaker, 
Andrew Scott, Clerk, and Wm. Sullivan, Door- 
keeper, and house adjourned. 

Tuesday, 7th. Israel McGrady in his seat, as also 
Sam'l Phillips, 'New Madrid; Messrs. Pittman 
and Caulk a committee to wait on the Governor. 

Wednesday, 8th. The Governor met both branches 
of the Legislature in the Representative Chamber 
and delivered his address. 

9th and 10th. Richard S. Thomas, St. Genevieve, 
and Barnabas Harris, St. Louis, in their seats. 

1814, Jan. 4. Act to regulate Elections approved. 
''Elections to beheld on the first Monday of 



CENSUS OF 18U. 



47 



" August, 1814, and every second year thereafter, 
" and Legislatures to meet on the first Monday of 
" December." 
1814, Jan. 19. Samuel Hammond resigned his seat 
in the Council, and James Maxwell of Ste. Gene- 
vieve elected President in his place. 
The house nominated Abraham Gallatin and 
David Musick for the President's choice to fill this 
vacancy. Adjourned sine die — Jan. 19. 



TERRITORIAL CENSUS OF 1814. 

1814, June 23. Proclamation of Governor Wm. 
Clark, apportioning members of Assembly, and 
ordering an election on 1st Monday of August. 

St. Charles County . . . 1696 3 members 

St. Louis do 

Washington do 

Ste. Genevieve do 

Cape Girardeau 

]S"ew Madrid 

Arkansas ..... 



3149 


6 


do 


1010 


2 


do 


1741 


3 


do 


2022 


4 


do 


1548 


3 


• do 


827 


1 


do 



11993 22 members. 



SECOND TERRITORIAL LEGISLATURE. 

1814, Dec. 5; Monday; First Session; from the 
Journal. 

St. Charles County : John Pittman, Peter Jour- 
ney and Jno. G. Heath, 3; 



48 HISTOEICAL. 

St. Louis County : Barnabas Harris, Rich'd 
Cault, Wm. C. Caxr, Robert Simpson, Kincaid 
Caldwell, 5 ; 

Washington County : ISTicholas Wilson, Philip 
McGuire, 2 ; 

Ste. Genevieve County : Richard S. Thomas, 
Jas. Caldwell, Aug. Demun, 3; 

Cape Girardeau County : Stephen Byrd, Geo. F. 
Bollinger, Robert English, and Joseph Sewell, 4 ; 

ISTew Madrid County : John Davidson, Geo. C. 
Hart, Hy. H. Smith, 3. 

Arkansas County, 1 — 22. 

James Caldwell, of Ste. Genevieve, elected 
Speaker ; Andrew Scott, Clerk ; William Sullivan, 
Doorkeeper. 

Wm. l^eely elected President Council, to suc- 
ceed James Maxwell, deed. 

Seth Emmons, Representative of St. Louis 
County, had died, and Chas. Lucas was elected 
to the vacancy. 

John Rice Jones and Alexander Henry were 
named to fill the vacancy of Maxwell, dec'd, and 
Jones appointed by the President. 
Tues. 6. — Governor's Message received. 

Legislature occupied two rooms in Sanguinet's 
bouse. 

Session closed in January, 1815. 
Proceedings not found in Gazette. 

SECOND LEGISLATURE, SECOND SESSION. 

1815. Monday, Dec. 4, at the house of Mad'e Du- 
breuil, Second Street, from 



THIRD LEGISLATURE. 49 

St. Charles — John Pittman, Peter Journey 
and John G. Heath, 3 ; 

St. Louis — Barnabas Harris, Eichard Caulk, 
Eobert Simpson, Win. C. Carr, Kincaid Cald- 
well, and Charles Lucas, 6 ; 

Washington — Hardage Lane and Stephen P. 
Austin, 2 ; 

Ste. Genevieve — James Caldwell, Isadore 
Moore, and August Demun, 3 ; 

Cape Girardeau — Stephen Byrd, George P. 
Bollinger, Robert English and Joseph Sewell, 4 ; 

Kew Madrid — Eobert D. Dawson and John 
Davidson, 2. 

Arkansas — Henry Cassidy, 1 — 21. 

James Caldwell, elected Speaker. 

Andrew Scott, Clerk. 

William Sullivan, Doorkeeper. 
Adjourned sine die, Thursday, Jan. 25, 1816. 

Matthias McGirk was in the Council from St. 
'Charles. 

THIBD LEGISLATURE. 

1816. Pirst Monday, Dec. 2nd. 

St. Charles — Hugh McDermid, — Evans, and — 
Spencer, 3 ; 

St. Louis — Edward Hempstead, James Mackey, 
John Coons, Jno. W- Honey, Barnabas Harris, 
Jesse Murphy, and Jno. E. Allen, 7 ; 

Washington — Hardage Lane and. Stephen P. 
Austin, 2 ; 

Ste. Genevieve — l!^athaniel Cookj Isadore 
Moore and John McArthur, 3 : 



50 HISTORICAL. 

Cape Girardeau — G-eo. F. Bollinger, Robert 
English and John Dunn, 3 ; 

New Madrid — Robert D. Dawson, 1. 

Arkansas — Edward Hogan, 1; 

Howard — Benjamin Cooper, James Alcorn, 2 ; 

Lawrence — Joseph Hardin and Alex. S. 
Walker, 2 — 24. 

Edward Hempstead, Speaker. 

Andrew Scott, Clerk. 

William Sullivan, Doorkeeper. 
House adjourned sine die, Saturday, Feby. 1,. 

1817. 

LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL, MONDAY, DEO. 2, 1816. 

St. Charles — Benjamin Emmons. 

St. Louis — John Ward. 

Washington — Samuel Perry. 

Ste. Genevieye — Joseph Bogy. 

Cape Girardeau — William [N'eely . 

ISTew Madrid — Joseph Hunter. 

Arkansas — James Cummins. 

Lawrence — Richard Murphy. 

Wm . JS'eely , President, unanimously ; Joseph 
v. Garnier, Sec'y. 

The only time the Council doings were printed, 
Deer. 17, 1816; and Feb. 15, 1817. 



1816. April 29; An Act of Congress amending 
the Act of June 4, 1812, in relation to the Leg- 
islative Council, fixing the number at one member 
from each County, to be elected by the voters at 
each general election to serve two years. 



SPECIAL SESSION. 51 

The Legislature to meet biennially, in lieu Of 
annual sessions. 

Enumeration of white males in 1818, and appor- 
tionment of members of the Legislature under the 
same, the ratio being afterwards raised to 700. 

Howard County 3,386 6 Mem. Surplus 386 

366 
225 
205 
245 

9a 
169 

29 
327 



Sjt. Charles County ....2,866 5 

St. Louis County 4,725 9 

Ste. Genevieve County. 2, 205 4 

Washington County .....1,245 2 

Cape Girardeau County. 2, 593 5 

New Madrid County... 669 1 

Lawrence County 1,529 3 

Arkansas County 827 1 



20,045 36 2,045 



PROCLAMATION OF GOV. WILLIAM CLARK, 

August 31, 1818, convening a special session of the 
Legislature of the Territory of Missouri, on the 
fourth Monday, October the 26th, 1818, at B. 
Maury's Hotel, on Second Street. 

From Howard County, John Adams, Samuel 
Brown, David Jones, Daniel Munro, Thomas 
Eogers and George Tompkins, 6. 

From St. Charles County, Hugh McDermid, Chris- 
topher Clark, Wm. Smith, James Talbot and Ira 
Cottle, 5. 

From St. Louis County, David Barton, Barnabas 
Harris, Hy. S. Geyer, Eobert Wash, John W- 
Harvfey, Jno. C. Sullivan, Marie P. Leduc,. 
Daniel Eichardson, David Musick, 9. 



52 HISTORICAL. 

From Washington County, Lionel Brown and 

Stephen F. Austin, 2. 
From St. Genevieve County, Isadore Moore, Davis 

F. Marks, William Shannon and Joab Walters, 4. 
From Cape Girardeau, Johnson Ranney, Robert 

English, Joseph Sewell, Erasmus Ellis and James 

Ravenscroft, 5. 
From Kew Madrid County, Stephen Ross, 1. 
From Lawrence County, Perry G. Magness, Joseph 

Harden and Jno. Davidson, 3. . 
From Arkansas County, Edmund Hogan, 1 — 36. 
Organization, David Barton, elected Speaker 

unanimously ; Andrew Scott, Clerk j William 

Sullivan, Door-keeper. 

Fred'k Bates, Acting Governor, delivered his 
message. 

John C. Sullivan, St. Louis, resigned his seat, 
and Chas. S. Hempstead, elected. 

THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL. 

Benjamin Emmons, St. Charles, President. 

Thomas F. Riddick, St. Louis. 

Samuel Perry, Washington. 

Jno. D. Cook, St. Genevieve. 

Geo. F. Bollinger, Cape Girardeau. 

Robert D. Dawson, l^ew Madrid. 

Henry Cassiday, Arkansas. 

Adjourned sine die December 23rd, 1818. The 
journal was printed to December the 12th. This, 
the last territorial Legislature, adopted a memorial 
to Congress, praying the establishment of, a State 
Government. 



POST-OFFICE. 5-J 



POST-OI'FIOE AT ST. LOUIS, FROM GAZETTE. 

1808. Established in the Spring of 1808. 

Col. Eufus Baston appointed by the President 
first Postmaster at St. Louis. His first quarterly 
list of letters remaining in the P. O. June 30, 
1808, was forty. 

1808, Aug. 10. An article in the Gazette complains 
of the failure of the mails from Vincennes and St. 
Genevieve to Cahokia, from which place another 
rider brings them to St. Louis and St. Charles. 
These were all the mail routes then west of Indi- 
ana and Kentucky. Mails from Philadelphia and 
IN^ew York usually about six weeks on their way, 
and from Europe three months. 

1809, Jan'y. 25. " No mail from the east for more 
"than two months. Excessively cold and no 
" thermometer in the place to record the degree." 

1810, ]N^ov. 7. Rufus Easton, Postmaster, advertises 
for carrying the mails once a fortnight from St. 
Louis, by Mine a Burton (now Potosi), to St. 
Genevieve. 

IS^ov. 14. The mails from St. Louis to Cahokia 
east, once a week. St. Louis to Herculaneum, 
Mine a Burton and St. Genevieve once in two 
weeks, and St. Louis to St. Charles once a week. 
Easton was Postmaster for 6 1-2 years, and 
kept the Post-ofiice at his residence. Elm and 
Third, and getting tired of it turned it over to his 
brother-in-law, Doct. Robert Simpson, in Octo- 
ber, 1814, who being in the drug business, kept 



54 HISTORICAL. 

the P. O. in his store ; he was Postmaster four 
years. 

Capt. A. T. Crane, late of the Army, succeed- 
ed Simpson in October, 1818; he died in 1819, 
holding the office a year. 

Col. Elias Kector, the fourth, succeeded Capt. 
Crane in 1819, and died in 1822, being in office 
three years. The P. O. was then in the old man- 
sion of Mrs. Chouteau, southwest corner of Main 
and Chestnut streets. 



MISCELLAKEOUS ITEMS, EROM GAZETTE. 

1809, June 14. Some straggling loway Indians, in- 
festing the country on the other side, between 
Cahokia and Wood river for several weeks, steal- 
ing pigs, etc., crawling on all fours, and imitating 
the notes of the mud-lark. One poor devil being 
more successful than the rest in his imitations, and 
being obscured by the bushes, was fired on and 
killed. This has put a stop for the present to their 
depredations. 

Sept. 27. A brief notice of the death at Yienna, 
May 31st, of Haydn, the celebrated composer of 
music. 



1^10, Sept. 21. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, of 
South Carolina, has been promoted from the Pres- 
idency of the Jockey Club, to the Presidency of 
the Bible Society in Charleston. 

" The kingdom of Heaven suffereth violence, 
" and the violent take it by force." 



DINNER TO GOV. HOWARD. 55 

1811, Jan. 16. notice. 

Several persons having shown to the monks of 
Latrappe, a desire to purchase watches, if they 
would sell them for trade — the said monks, in 
order to satisfy everybody, give notice to the pub- 
lic, that until the end of the year 1811, they will 
sell watches, clocks, and other silver-smith work, 
and also fine horses, for the following articles in 
trade — viz. : wheat, corn, linen, beef, pork, cat- 
tle, leather, tallow, blankets, etc. 

Ukban Guillet, 
Of the monks of Latrappe, at the mound, 9 miles 
from Cahokia. 
N. B. Cheaper for money. 



GOVEKKOE HOWARD. 

1810, Sept. 27. On Monday, the 24th inst., a pub- 
lie dinner was tendered by the citizens of St. 
Louis to Gov. Howard. 

In the evening the Assembly Eoom was thrown 
open to a crowded assemblage of beauty and 
fashion, when the lovers of the mazy dance en- 
joyed themselves until morning. 



BATTLE OF TIPPECANOE, NOV. 7, 1811. 

1812, Feb. 15. A full return of the killed and 
wounded at this battle is given by the Adjutant 
Col. John O'Fallon in this Gazette with names 
of the officers. 



56 HISTOEICAL. 



Nov. 21, 1812. GOV. HOWAKD. 



A dinner was given by a large number of citi- 
zens of St. Louis on this day, to Gov. Howard, 
as a mark of their appreciation of his efficiency in 
the measures taken by him for the defense of the 
Territory. 



1813, May 8th. Eobert Steuart, Ramsey Crooks, 
Joseph Miller and Robert McClelland, with three 
hunters, arrived a few days ago from the mouth 
of the Columbia river. 



PROGRESS. 



In despite of the Savages, Indian and British, 
the country is progressing in improvements. A red 
and white lead manufactory has been established in 
this place by a citizen of Philadelphia, by the name 
of Hartzhog.* This enterprising citizen has caused 
extensive works to be erected, to which he has added 
a handsome brick house, on our principal street, for 
retailing merchandise. 

We understand that his agent here has already 
sent several hundred thousand weight of manufac- 
tured lead to the Atlantic States. 

Editorial, July 17th, 1813. 



* This was Joseph Hertzog, of Philadelphia, uncle to Christian and 
Andrew Wilt. 



COL. DANIEL BOONE. 57 

NO NEWS ! ! ! 

We are again tantalized with a defalcation in the 
mail department ; the weather is too warm for these 
tender gentry to travel, and the Postmasters are too 
good natured to tell tales at Washington. How the 
Shawaneetown Postmaster can get- over his oath is 
not an easy task to tell — for he swears he will 
faithfully perform his duties. 

The Post-office law says he must employ a rider in 
case of failure in those who have the contract. 

Editorial, Aug. 14, 1813. 



FALSE ALARM. 



In a part of our impression of last week we an- 
nounced the approach of our red hrethren in consid- 
erable force ; late on Saturday night an express 
arrived with a contradiction of the report, but too 
late to stop the march of the volunteers ; numbera 
had rode off to the frontier to join in the repulsion 
of the savages. We understand that the propaga- 
tor of the mischievous story has been severely pun- 
ished. 

August 14, 1813. 



ACT OP CONGRESS. 

For the relief of Col. Daniel Boone, confirms to 
him 1000 arpents of land, claimed by him under a 
grant, bearing date January 28, 1798, and the Re- 
corder of Land titles, for the territory of Missouri, 



58 HISTORICAL. 

is directed to issue to 'the said Boone, a certificate 

for the same. 

Approved. 

James Madisok, PresH. 
Jan. 17, 1814. 



PRAIRIE DU OHIEN. 

1814. In the spring of this year, Governor Clark 
started with five barges and about 200 volunteers, 
under Capts. Yeizer and Sullivan, and 60 U. S- 
Regulars under Lieuts. Joseph Perkins and Geo. 
H. Kennerly, to take possession of Prairie du 
Chien, which, although an American Territory, 
was still occupied by Indians and traders to the 
exclusion of Americans, and establish a garrison 
there — which having accomplished, and com- 
menced the erection of a fort, Clark returned to 
St. Louis with his volunteers in July, leaving the 
regulars to garrison the place. 



In the summer of 1814, many families and indi- 
viduals were surprised and butchered by Indians 
within a short distance of St. Louis, on Wood 
Eiver, Illinois, several families in St. Charles 
County, etc. 

THE DEATH OP GETSTEEAL HOWARD, 

on Sunday, Sept. 18, 1814, of a short but severe 
illness, is announced. 
Sept. 24, 1814. 



JACKSON'S VICTORY. 59 

ME. CHAELB8S, 

In a short editorial to his patrons, informs them, 
that the large increase to his subscription list, in- 
duces him to order a new printing press, paper and 
materials for a paper of larger size — which he will 
receive by the first arrivals in the spring. 

Dec. 17, 1814. 

Also a notice of the death at Washington City, 
of Elbridge Gerry, Vice-President of the United 
States, on Nov. 24. 



JUVENILE COMPANY. 

The subscribers are anxious to raise an infantry 
company of young men between 14 and 18 years of 
age, to do duty when called upon, south of the Mis- 
souri river. Those who wish to join, first obtaining 
the consent of their parents, will apply to 

Edward Charless or John Russ. 

Jan. 21, 1815. 



1815, Feb. I^ews received of Jackson's victory at 
l!^ew Orleans on Jan. 8. A Solemn High Mass 
and Te Deum was celebrated in the church, and a 
patriotic discourse by the Rev'd Father Savigne. 

GLORIOUS NEWS — OEFICIAL. 

Extract from Major-Gen. Carroll to W. Tanne- 
hlll, at U. S. Saline. 

I!^EW Orleans, Jan. 18, 1815. 

" I pass over the battle of the 23d, etc., and in- 
form you of the event of the 8th inst. At daybreak 



60 HISTORICAL. 

they advanced in great force on the left of our line 
where the Tennessee militia were stationed. At 75 
yards distance, they displayed column under a heavy 
fire from our small arms, grape and cannister and ar- 
tillery. They came within a few paces of our works, 
but were repulsed with great loss. They were soon 
reinforced, and renewed the attack with double vigor, 
but were again repulsed and routed, in two hours the 
battle was over, not more than about 400 had reached 
our entrenchments, such as were not killed were made 
prisoners. Their loss was about 500 killed, 1000 
wounded and prisoners. Total in this battle, 1,500. 

Lieut. -General Sir Edward Packenham, brother- 
in-law of the Duke of Wellington, Major-General 
Keene and other officers of high rank killed. 
Americans killed, 6 ; wounded, 24 ; total, 30. 

Feb. 11, 1815. 

EXTKACT FROM MR. MAOLOT TO MR. CABANJSTE. 

New Orleai^s, Jan. 14, 1815. 

The enemy have re-embarked leaving their 
wounded and prisoners, they landed 9,966 men, after 
the action 1,906 were missing in the next morning's 
report. They acknowledge a loss in the various en- 
gagements of over 3,600. Their total loss may be 
fairly put down at 4,000. 

Feb. 18, 1815. 

A FEDERAL SALUTE 

will be fired this evening, and the citizens are re- 
quested to illuminate their windows in honor of the 



GAZETTE EDITORIAL. 61 

brilliant success of the American arms at IsTew 
Orleans. 

Feb. 18, 1815. 

TEE AT Y OF PEACE. 

The news Avas received at Philadelphia, on Sunday, 
the 12th of February, by the British sloop of war 
Favorite, at ISTew York, the 10th, and was ratified at 
"Washington on the 17th, the President's Procla- 
mation announcing the same, was issued on the 
18th, and appeared in the Gazette of Saturday, 
March 25th, with a copy of the Treaty in full. 

EDITORIAL. 

In a hand-bill published by Major Berry, on Tues- 
day last, I have been severely censured, and charged 
with making ^'^ fallacious and disrespectful remarhs,^'' 
in publishing an account of his mission to Rock 
River. Those who may have read the last Q-azette, 
and his hand-bill will acquit me of fallacy; 'tis true 
' I did not give his report in full, because I always 
give preference to merit in the selections for my 
paper. On the charge of disrespect, I must plead 
want of information, for until the Major informed 
me that he ranked as Major in the line, and was a 
Deputy Quartermaster General, I was ignorant of 
the matter. But should my pen or press be employed 
in recording any of his achievements in future, I 
will announce him. Major Taylor Berry, Deputy 
Quartermaster General. Jos. Charless. 

May 6, 1815. 



62 HISTORICAL. 



THE BOAKD OP OFFICERS 

assembled at the City of Washington, to curtail the 
army, has performed that unpleasant task and retired. 

The Army Register, according to the new estab- 
lishment, has been printed and published by author- 
ity at Washington. 

The United States are formed into two Military 
Divisions, the North and South. General Brown to 
command the former, and Greneral Jackson the 
latter, as Major Generals. Under General Brown, 
Generals Ripley and Macomb, will serve as Briga- 
diers, as will Gaines and Scott under Gen. Jackson. 

June 17, 1815. 

THE OOIIN'TY JAIL. 

1816. In the Spring of this year. Judge Jno. B. C. 
Lucas laid out his addition to the Town of St. 
Louis on the hill west of Fourth Street. His first 
deed for a lot in this addition was to the County 
of St. Louis for the northwest quarter of Block 
No. 114, upon which to erect a County Jail, the* 
lot was 135 feet on Chestnut Street by 115 on 
6th. The Jail was commenced in 1817, but for 
want of funds it progressed slowly, and was not 
completed until the winter of 1819-20. The build- 
ing covered nearly the whole lot, with the excep- 
tion of a small portion reserved from the south 
part of the lot for a Jail yard. It was used as 
such for many years, and on the completion of 
the Four Courts it was removed, and the Laclede 
Hotel now occupies its site. 



TOBIAS LEAR'S SUICIDE. 63- 

ARCHBISHOP JOHK CARROLL. 

The Gazette announces the death in Baltimore on 
the 3rd, December ult., of this venerable Prelate, in 
the eightieth year of his age. 

July 13, 1816. 



AliT ACT OF COIS^GRESS 

Approved March 25, 1816, provides for the Reg- 
istry of Lands in the District of St. Louis. Notice 
is given by Alex. McIsTair, Register, that the Land 
Office at St. Louis is now open for the entry of 
Lands, &c. 
June 13, 1816. 



TOBIAS LEAR. 



The Georgetovpn Messenger, of Sept. 22d, an- 
nounces that: "Yesterday morning between the 
" hours of 9 and 10 o'clock, Tobias Lear, Esq., ac- 
" countant of the War Department, put a period to 
"his existence by shooting himself through the- 
"head." 

" We have not as yet learned the causes which led 
"to the perpetration of this unhappy deed; Mr, 
" Lear was naturally cheerful and pleasant; on the- 
"fatal morning, Mr. Lear breakfasted with his 
" family in his usual good humor, and was proceed- 
" ing, as they thought, to his office, when the re- 
" port of a pistol was heard from the back part of 
" the garden. Mr. Lear, son of the deceased, im- 
" mediately proceeded to the spot from whence the 



^4 HISTORICAL. 

"sound appeared to issue, and found his father 
^' weltering in his blood." 
-Nor. 30, 1816. 

In the year 1811 James Baird, a blacksmith, 
put up a large frame building for his shop on 3rd, 
below Spruce. It was afterwards used for other 
purposes ; theatricals, exhibitions, religious meet- 
ings, preaching, etc., etc., but was for some years 
generally called the Theatre. 

1816, Oct. 5. Divine service will be performed in the 
Theatre on Sunday, "the 27th inst., by the Eev'd 
Mr. Blackburn, from Tennessee. 

1816, Oct. 12. The Eev'd Mr. Brown, from Vir- 
ginia, will perform divine service at the Theatre 
to-morrow, to commence at 11 o'clock a. m. 

1816, Nov. 16. The Eev'd Mr. Giddings will 
preach at the 'Theatre to-morrow at 11 o'clock 



a. in. 



1817, April 26. 

"In Boonsborough, Maryland, by the Eev'd 
"Frederick Underducker, Mr. Michael Lingum- 
' ' f eltz to Miss Kitty Fertzelhunter — the brides- 
" maid was Miss Peggy Shellhammer and grooms- 
" man Mr. John Smackpepper." 



1817, Sept. 13. Mr. August P. Chouteau, Mr. 
Demun and companions, after forty-eight days' 
confinement in the prison of Santa Fe, returned on 
Sunday last to their rejoicing families and friends. 



PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. 



65 



1818, April 10. A KESOLUTION" 

of the House of Representatives of the United 
States calling on the President for any informa- 
tion he may possess, relating to the imprisonment 
at Santa Fe, ISTew Mexico, of Aug. P. Chouteau, 
Julius Demun, Robert McKnight, James Baird, 
J. Harro and others adopted. 



G\7.ETTK 


ITEMS 


, STATISTICS. 




1809, Mar. 8. 

jfof. President. 
James Madison . 
Chas. C. Pinckney 
George Clinton 


122 

. 48 
. 6 


Vice-President 
George Clinton . 
Rufus King . . 
Scattering . . . 


118 
43 
15 


Total votes 


176 




176 


1813, April 17. 
James Madison . 
George Clinton . 


128 
89 


Elbridge Gerry . 
C. I. IngersoU 


131 

86 


Total . . 


217 




217 



1817, Mar. 29. 
James Monroe 
Rufus King . 



183 Dan'lD. Tompkins 183 
31 Scattering ... 31 



Total 



214 



214 



66 HISTORICAL. 

1810. Third U. S. Census, for Missouri Territory. 
District of St. Charles, 3,505; St. Louis, 5,667; 
St. G-enevieve, 4,620; Cape Girardeau, 3,888; 
New Madrid, 2,103 ; Hope and St. Francois, 188 ; 
Arkansas, 874. Total Territory, 20,845. 



1815, Dec. 9. By John W. Thompson, Sheriff. 
Town of St. Louis, 2,000; whole county, 7,395; 
gain in 2 years, 1,200. 



1820, Aug. 1. U. S. Census, Town about 4,000; 
whole county, 9,732. 



ILLINOIS Towisr. 



1817. Opposite St. Louis, was laid out by John 
McKnight and Thomas Brady, in Oct., 1817. 



In 1818, Mr. Charless issued his first Missouri 
Almanac, which he continued annually for many 
years. 

1818. THE U. 8. LAKD OFFICE, 

for the entry of Public Lands was opened early in 
1818, Alexander MclS'air, Register, and Samuel 
Hammond, Receiver. The county had been sur- 
veyed in 1817 by Wm. S. Pettus, a Deputy U. S. 
Surveyor. 



erin benevolent society. qf 

1818. mechanics' benevolent society, 

April 17, organized, Joseph Charless, Sr., Presi- 
dent, and Abraham Keys, Secretary, 



1818, Feb. 9. EEIN BENEVOLENT SOCIETY. 

A meeting of Irishmen to form a benevolent so- 
ciety was held at the house of Jeremiah Connor. 
Thomas Brady, Chairman, and Thomas Hanly^ 
Sec'y. A committee of five, Jeremiah Connor, 
James McGunnegle, John Mullanphy, Alex. 
Blackwell and Arthur Magenis, was appointed 
to frame resolutions. Adjourned to meet Tuesday 
24th inst., at 10 o'clock A. M., at the house of 
Thomas Brady. 



1819, Oct. 10. A meeting of Irish Citizens, held 
at the house of Jeremiah Connor, at which he pre- 
sided, and James ISTagle, Esq., acted as Secretary, 
adopted a Constitution for the " Erin Benevolent 
Society," and adjourned to Thursday, the 21st, 
for an election for officers, etc. 

Oct. 21. Met pursuant to adjournment, and pro- 
ceeded to the election. Jeremiah Connor, Prest. j 
Thomas Hanly, Vice-Prest. ; Hugh Eanken, 
Treas. ; Laurence Ryan, Sec. ; Thos. Enghsh, 
James Timon, Robt. ]S^. Catherwood, Joseph 
Charless and Hugh O'JSTeil, Standing Committee, 
and John Timon, Eobt. Ranken and Frans. Roch- 
ford, Visiting Committee. 



68 HISTORICAL. 



ST. Patrick's day. 



1820, March 17. The first observance of the day in 
St. Louis occurred on this day, by a procession of 
the Society, and a dinner, at which a number of 
toasts and sentiments were drank — the first one 
"The 17th of March, the 1326th' Anniversary, 
&c." 



1820. THE MISSOURI FUR OOMPAJSTY, 

organized this year, was composed of Manuel Lisa, 
President; Thomas Hempstead, Joshua Pilcher, 
Joseph Perkins, Andrew Woods, Moses B. Car- 
son, Jno. B. Zenoni, Andrew Drips and Robert 
Jones — 9. 



GAZETTE ITEMS. 
. CHRIST CHURCH COJiTGREGATIOK. 

1819. The Eev'd John "Ward, Episcopalian, from 
Lexington, Ky., preached at the Baptist Church, 
corner of 3rd and Market, on Sunday, Oct. 7th, 
the first sermon to the few Episcopalians at that 
day in St. Louis. 

Dec. 8. After due notice, a tneeting took place at 
the ofiice of Thos. P. Riddick on Monday, Dec. 
6, 1819, to elect Wardens and Yestry men for 
the congregation of Christ Church about to be 
formed — and the following gentlemen were 
elected to serve until Easter Monday, 1820: 

Thos. P. Riddick and Wilson P. Hunt, for 
Wardens ; Wm. Stokes, Jos. Y . Garnier, Robert 



EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 69 

Wash, Wm. Rector, Henry Von Phnl, James 
Kennerly, James Clemens, Jr., and Sam'] Ham- 
mond, for Vestry men. 

Theodobe Hunt, Manager of Election. 

Mr. John Ward was the first "Rector for some 
years. 

Their first church was a large one story frame 
of 30 feet by 70, on the west side of 2nd, just 
below Walniit, which they occupied for 'some 
years, and in 1826 built their first brick at the 
northwest corner of Chestnut and Third, on the 
ground now covered by the southeast corner of 
the Merchants' Exchange building. Mr. Ward 
being succeeded by the Rev'd Thos. Horrell as 
Rector. 



1819, June 9. A meeting of citizens was held at 
Col. Riddick's auction house, to make prepara- 
tions for the reception of the President, James 
Monroe, then on a Western tour, and expected 
in St. Louis. 

But after reaching IS'ashville, Tenn., he was 
unexpectedly called back to Washington by im- 
portant public business. 



THE 4th op JULY, ITEMS PROM THE GAZETTE. 

Until recent years, and that not very long back, 
we had no "Legal Holidays" made so by enact- 
ment. 

The Fourth of July, our only national day for 
many years, after we had accomplished our Inde- 



70 HISTOKICAL. 

pendence grew to be generally observed, in cities 
and large towns by military displays, and other 
festivities, and in small communities by public din- 
ners, balls and parties. 

1808. AT ST. CHARLES. 

July 4, a public dinner at which Mr. Timothy 
Kibbey was President, and Francis Saucier, Vice- 
President. 

1809. AT HARRISOIsrVILLE, ST. CLAIR CO., 

At the house of Capt. Tabor Washburn, Shad- 
rack Bond, President ; Abijah Ward, Yice-Prest. 

Peter Darling and other citizens to fire the 
fieldpiece, one gun at day hraJce, followed by 17 
more. 

At one o'clock P. M. Mr. Murphy sang a 
hymn and delivered an appropriate prayer. 

Then the address by Jacob A. Boyes, Esqr., 
commencing " Fellow Citizens, Brother and Sis- 
" ter Republicans, we are once more met to cele- 
" brate," etc., etc. 

" Then the dinner, with 17 regular toasts, and 
" a number of volunteer sentiments by the ladies ; 
Ist, by Mrs. McClure — 'Long may we enjoy peace 
" and equality, and our religious and civil rights, 
" under the auspicious wings of the American 
'' Eagle.' " 
2nd, by Miss Jane McClure— " The genius of the 
" seventeenth century. Dr. Priestley." 



JULY 4TH,-CELEBRATI0NS. 71 

3rd, by Mrs. Coats — "Perpetual disappointment 

" to the enemies of the Union." 
4th, by Mrs. Blair — "The memory of General 

"Washington and all the heroes of 1776." 

Amongst the guests at the celebration was 

Jabez Warner, afterwards constable of St. Louis, 

who lost an arm at a 4th of July celebration. 

1809. July 4th. at st. louis. 

A dinner given by Capt. Rezin Webster in 
Lee's orchard,* and a ball at night in the Masons' 
Hall. 

1810. A dinner at Major Wm. Christy's tavern. 

1811. A dinner at Major Christy's, Governor 
Howard in the chair. 

1812. A parade of Capt. McNair's troop of horse 
and Col. Musick's company of riflemen. The 
' ' Declaration of Independence ' ' read at the 
Court House by Edward Hempstead, and an 
oration by James T. Hull. 

Then a dinner at Major Christy's, Silas Bent, 
Esqr., President, and Bernard Pratte, Vice-Pres't. 

1813. A celebration is mentioned, but no account 
of it given. 

1817. A dinner prepared by Mr. Mills in Mr. Did- 
ier's orchard, at which Col. Samuel Hammond 
was President and Judge Silas Bent, Yice-Pres't. 



♦ Between Main and Second, Myrtle and Spruce. 



72 HISTORICAL. 

1818. By the St. Louis Mechanics' Benevolent 
Society, joined by a large number of the most 
respectable citizens of St. Louis, Joseph Charless 
was President and Chas. W- Hunter, Yice-Pres't. 
The Declaration of Independence was read by 
Col. Thomas F. Riddick, and dinner prepared by 
Mr. Horrocks. 

1819. A number of gentlemen partook of a dinner 
in Mr. Peter Didier's orchard, prepared by Mr. 
Horrocks, at which the Company sat down at B 
P. M., Col. Auguste Chouteau presiding, and 
Wm. C. Carr, Doct. Pryor Quarles and Col. 
John Miller, Yice-Presidents. 

A portrait of Greorge Washington over the 
President's chair, surmounted by a large, live 
eagle. 

Another celebration took place at Lucas' 
Spring, where a dinner was provided, James 
Loper, President, and David B. Hill, Vice-Prest. 



WASHINaTON'S BIRTHDAY. 

1817, Feb. 22. First celebration in St. Louis, by 
a dinner at Kibby's "Washington Hall, in his ele- 
gant Ball room. Gov. Wm. Clark, President, 
and Col. MclS'air, Yice-President. 

GAZETTE STEAMBOAT ITEMS. 

1815, May 11. A new steamboat, the Pike, built at 
Henderson, on the Ohio, made the trip up to 
Louisville, 250 miles, 67 hours, against the cur- 
rent — 3 ^/4 miles an hour. 



EARLY STEAMBOATS. 73 

1817, Aug. 9. The steamboat Pike arrived at St. 
Louis July 27th. 

1817, Oct. 4. The steamboat Constitution, Capt. 
Gruyard, for Xew Orleans the 9th, airived — will 
make an excursion to Bellefontaine on Tuesday 
the 7th, for tickets apply to Robert Collett. 

1819, May 5. The steamboat Maid of Orleans ar- 
rived at IS^ew Orleans from Philadelphia on Feb. 
1, 1819, and at St. Louis on Monday evening, May 
3rd. 

May 11. The steamboat Independence, Capt. JSTel- 
son, arrived at St. Louis, left for Franklin on 
the Missouri, Sunday, the 16th — returned to St. 
Louis, Saturday, June 5 ; absent on the trip, 21 
days ; the first steamboat to ascend the Missouri.^ 

Wednesday 12. The steamer Expedition, Capt. 
Craig, for the Yellow^stone, arrived. 

Wednesday 19. The steamer Johnson passed here 
with troops for the Yellowstone. 



EARLY THEATRICALS. 

For the first ten years after our acquisition of the 
country, theatricals practically were unknown in St. 
Louis. But toward the close of the year 1814, the 
population of the place having increased to near 
2,000, including a large number of young men from 
the eastern cities, an amateur dramatic association 
was organized under the style of the " Thespian 
Society." 



74 HISTOKICAL. 

The only building- in the place, at that time, suffi- 
ciently large for their purpose, was a large one-story 
frame, built by James Baird for a blacksmith's shop 
in 1811, on the west side of 3rd, below Spruce. It 
had a front of about 40 feet, with a depth of 80 feet. 

They procured the use of this building, closed the 
large door, the only opening in front, opened a new 
side entrance through the vacant lot on the north, 
erected a small stage at the west end, with seats in 
front rising gradually back to the front of the build- 
ing, and this was the Theatre for a number of years. 

FIRST PERPORMAKCE. 

Friday evening, Jan. 6, 1815. 

A comedy called " The School for Authors," and 
the much admired farce of " The Budget of 
Blunders." 

THEATRE, 

Saturday evening, March 4, 1815. 

The celebrated comedy of "The Heir at Law," 
and the much admired farce of "Fortune's 
Frolic." 

THEATRE, 

Friday evening, March 81, 1815. 

The favorite comedy, "The Poor Gentleman;" 
with the afterpiece, " Hit or Miss." 

The Thespian Society will present Monday even- 
ing, Dec. 30, 1816, the five-act play called " Lovers 
Vows," and the farce of "Killing no Murder." 



THEATRICALS. 75 

Excellent music provided, dooi's open at half -past five, 
performance to commence at half-past six. Tickets 
to be had at Mr. James Kemaerly's store, arid at the 
Post-office, on the day preceding, and at the bar of 
the Theatre on the evening of performance. 
Price one dollar, children half price. 

The Thespian Society v^^ill present on Thursday 
evening, Jan. 16, 1817, a comedy in five acts, " Se- 
crets Worth Knov^ring," and farce in two acts," The 
Agreeable Surprise." 

The Thespian Society vnll present on Saturday 
evening, Jan. 25, 1817, Home's celebrated tragedy, 
in five acts, " Douglass," and the farce m two acts, 
"Who's the Dupe." 

Early in the spring of 1818, Mr. Turner opened in 
this theatre with a small company, the first profes- 
sional actors that came to St. Louis. 

For Master Turner's benefit, last night but three. 

On Friday evening, April 24, 1818, the tragedy of 
^' George Barnwell, the London Apprentice," and 
the admired farce, the " Children in the Wood." 

4 

THEATRE. 

American Independence — In honor of the day. 

On Saturday evening, July 4, 1818, Hook's cele- 
brated melodrama, " Tekeli or Siege of Montgatz." 
Patriotic Address as the genius of America, Mrs. 
Turner; Song, Mr. King, and farce "Yankee 
Chronology." 



76 HISTORICAL. 



THEATRE. 



Saturday evening-, July 25, 1818. Benefit of Mrs. 
Vos. The play of " Henry 4th or humors of Sh" 
John Falstaff ," and farce of Intriguing valet. 



THEATRE. 

Wednesday evening, July 29, 1818. Benefit of Mr. 
Vos. " King Richard Third " and " Raising the 
Wind." 

THE ISTEW THEATRE 

Was a small frame of about 40 by 80 feet, built 
by Isaac H. Gi-riffith, a carpenter, in the rear of his 
lot on Main, between Olive and Locust, about the 
centre of the block ; entrance by a narrow alley from 
Main street. The first performance in this theatre 
was on Monday evening, February 1, 1819, by the 

THEPPIAN SOCIETY, 

with the comedy of "She Stoops to Conquer," and 
the farce of the " Village Lawyer." 

The second performance by the society, Thursday, 
March 11, 1819, tragedy, the " Revenge," and farce 
" Jew and Doctor." 

THESPIAN SOCIETY. 

Feb. 2, 1820. For the benefit of Mrs. Yos. The 
" Jew and Doctor," and the farce of the " Tooth- 
ache," with songs and recitations. 



AMUSEMENTS. 77 



THEATRE. 

1818, May 25. Christian Wilt, James Kennerly, 
George H. Kennerly, John E. Guy, Thomas Han- 
ley, Chas. S. Hempstead, Oliver C. Smith, William 
Turner, Robert Simpson, Jabez Warner, Thos. 
F. Eiddick, Henry S. Geyer, James Loper, 
Thomas Hempstead, Eobert Wash and Stephen 
Eector, and others, subscribed to an agreement 
for the pm-pose of building a theatre, and appoint- 
ed Thomas Hempstead, Jno. W- Thompson and 
Christopher M. Price, managers, to purchase a lot 
and superintend the building. 

They purchased a lot 50 feet front on the 
south side of Chestnut, by 120 feet deep, for 
$1,500 ; upon this lot they erected the foundation 
walls, when the funds gave out and the project 
fell through. The old foundation remained there 
for some years. The property changed hands, and a 
frame livery stable was erected thereon, and stood 
for some years, occujjied successively by B. W. 
Alexander, Bob O'Blenis and others ; finally the 
Arnots were the last, and put up the present 
building, now the police office, east and adjoining 
the Republican building. 



AMUSEMENTS, EEOM THE GAZETTE. 

1814, Jan. 15. Eugene Leitensdorfer's exhibition 
of slight of hand ; admission 50 and 25 cents. 



78 HISTORICAL. 

1817, Jan. 25. An exhibition in Mr. Everhart's 
room of " wire dancing and balancing." 

Feb. 22. "grand concert." 

On Saturday, March 1, at the theatre, will be per- 
formed a grand concert of music, by Messrs. 
" Thomas and Louther," assisted by several ama- 
teurs. 

1818, THEATEE. 

April 11. Benefit of Mr. Martin; comedy of 
"Eoad to Euin." Goldfinch, Mr. Martin; 
Sophia, Mrs. Turner. See bills. 

1819, June 2. museum 

Of wax figures ; on exhibition at the Illinois 
Hotel, Yosti's, Main street, opposite Wilt's Store. 



SCHOOL NOTICES EEOM GAZETTE. 

1809. Jan. The Rev. Christopher Frederick 
Schewe, formerly Professor at Paris, France, jm'o- 
poses to open a French and English Gri-anmiar 
School, in the house of Mr. Alvarez, Market 
Street. 

(Meeting with poor success as a grammarian, he 
changed his vocation to painting and glazing.) 
20 Sept. Peter St. Martin's Dancing School at 
Mr. Yosti's house, the last new dances, particu- 
larly the waltz, also the science of fencing and 
broadsword. 



SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS. 79'' 

Nov. 16. Isaac Septlivres proposes to teach Draw- 
ing, Q-eographj, Mathematics and French Gram- 
mar at Mr. Vincent Bouis' house. 

1810, May 9. George Tompkins will open a school 
in the house of Mr. Alvarez, on Monday, May 
7th. 

1812, May 9. Madame Pescay^s prospectus for a. 
Young Ladies' Academy and Boarding School in 
Sanguinet's house on Second Street. 

June 6. Isaac Septlivres and George Tompkins 
associated to open a school Aug. 7, 1812. 

1813, May 8. Mrs. Jane Richard's school to com- 
mence May 7th, in Manuel Lisa's house on Second 
Street. 

1814, June 4. George Tompkins relinquishes his 
school. (He changed to the law, and became one 
of the Judges of the Supreme Court of the State, 
after our admission.) 

1815, Jarnes Sawyer announces his intention to- 
open a seminary. 

1816, Oct. 12. The Rev. Mr. Giddings will open a 
school in St. Louis, in a few days. 

1817, May 27. Robert S. Lett's school, Maii>. 
Street next below Mr. Wilt's store. 

Oct. 25, Durochers' dancing school card at San- 
guinet's house. 



80 HISTORICAL. 

1817, Dee. 27. Rev'ds. John M. Peck and James 
E. Welch, Baptist missionaries, will open an 
academy near the Post-office. 

1818, Jan. 3. Rev. Salmon Griddings will open a 
school for young ladies and gentlemen on Mon- 
day, Jan. 5, 1818, at his new house on the hill, 
south side of Market above 4th. 

Jan. 23. A. C. Vanhertum, from Amsterdam, will 
teach the Forte Piano and Clarionet, at the corner 
house adjoining the Q-azeJtte office. 

Sept. 8. Mrs. Perdreauville, opened her young 
ladies academy. 

Oct. 23. The Reverend M. ]^iel, with three other 
Catholic priests, under the auspices of the Right 
Rev. Bishop Dubourg, will open on the 16th of 
JS'ovember, in the house of Mrs. Alvarez, an 
academy for young gentlemen. 

1819, Sept. 13. The Rev. Francis ISTiel will re-open 
his school for the second year. 

1820, Jan. 26. Miss P. Lefavre's young ladies 
French and English Academy, at Mr. Michael 
Tesson's house on Main Street. 

April 12. Edward McManus' Juvenile School, in 
Papin's stone house, upstairs. 

It would appear that most of these early schools 
in St. Louis had but a very brief existence. 



EARLY DUELS. 81 

Bishop Dubourg's College, built on the site of 

the old Catholic Log church, on 2nd, below Market, 

in 1820. 

Eev. Francis Niel, curate of the Cathedral Presi- 
dent. 

Eev. Leo Deys, Professor of Languages. 

Kev. Andreas Ferrari, Professor of Ancient Lan- 
guages. 

Eev. Aristide Anduze, Professor of Mathematics. 

Eev. Michael Gr. Saulnier, Professor of Languages. 

Mr. Samuel Smith, Professor of Languages. 

Mr. Patrick Sullivan, Professor of Ancient Lan- 
guages. 

Mr. Francis C. Gruyol, Prof. "Writing and Drawing. 

Mr. John Martin, Prefect of the Studies. 



EAKLY DtlELS, FROM THE GAZETTE. 
FIRST, FARRAR AISTD GRAHAM. 

Dec, 1810. The Louisiana G-azeUe alludes briefly to 
an affair of honor that took place a few days be- 
fore, but gives no particulars of it, nor the names 
of the parties. 

Dopt. Eobert Simpson, here at the time and fa- 
miliar with the facts, long afterwards gives this 
account of it : — 

' ' The first duel on Bloody Island was in 1810, 
*' between Doct. Farrar and James A. Graham — 
' ' Farrar was the bearer of a challenge to Graham ' ' 
' ' (he does not say from whom) , Graham declined 
"to accept it, on the plea that the challenger was 



82 HISTORICAL. 

"not a gentleman; according to the established 
" code in such cases, Farrar became theprincipal — 
" Graham was severely wounded, and went on 
" crutches for about a year, and died on his way 

"east."* 

SECOND, CAPT. GEyEE AND GEOKGE H. KENNERLY, 

took place on Bloody Island in 1816, it originated 
in some trifling misunderstanding. Doct. Simpson 
was present as Geyer's surgeon. At the second 
fire Kennerly was wounded in the knee which 
lamed him for some years. They afterwards be- 
came good friends, and both lived to become 
respectable old men with large families, and to 
laugh at the folly of their younger days. 

Aug., 1818. 

EOUKTH, CAPTS. MARTIN AND THOS, RAMSEY, 

both of the Ist Regiment U. S. Rifles, at Bloody 
Island, in which Capt. Ramsey received a mortal 
wound of which he died shortly after, on Aug. 
6th, 1818. 

Aug., 1817. 

THIRD, THOMAS H. BENTON AND CHARLES LUCAS. 

They had two meetings, the first one on Tues- 
day, August 12th. At 9 o'clock at night of the 



* Robert Wash administered on his estate and sold his personal effects 
in Dec, 1811 — a fine riding horse, saddle and bridle, valuable booksi 
clothing and furniture. 



BENTON AND LUCAS. 83 

11th, the evening before the first meeting, Charles 
Lucas prepared the "following written statement 
of the origin of the differences between himself 
and Col. Benton : — 

" At the election held on the 4th August, 1817, 
" when Benton offered his vote, Lucas inquired 
" if he, Benton, had paid the tax in time to enable 
' ' him to vote — Benton then applied abusive and 
" ungentlemanly language to Lucas, and Lucas 
" then challenged him." They met on the morn- 
ing of the 12th, Luke E. Lawless the second of 
Benton, and Joshua Barton of Lucas. They fired 
one shot, Lucas was wounded in the neck, and 
Benton a slight contusion below the right knee. 
Lucas being too badly wounded to continue the 
fight, Col. Lawless, Benton's second, asked him 
if he was satisfied, to which he replied he was, and 
did not require a second meeting. Having report- 
ed this answer to Benton, he said he was not sat- 
isfied, and required that Lucas should come out 
again as soon as his wound would permit him. By 
the time Lucas became sufficiently well to be 
about, through the exertions of some friends, the 
matter had been, as was supposed, satisfactorily 
adjusted to dispense with a second meeting, but 
a week or ten days after the supposed adjustment 
of the affair, Benton sent Lucas a challenge for 
a second meeting, dated Sept. 23, 1817, " alleg- 
" ing that friends of Lucas had circulated state- 
" ments derogatory to him, Benton." 

Lucas being absent for two or three days, re- 
turned home on the evening of the 26th. The 



84 HISTORICAL. 

challenge was handed Mm within an hour after 
his return, and accepted. On the morning of 
Saturday the 27th they met on the small island 
above St. Louis, and took their positions at ten 
feet distance. They both fired nearly at the 
saiue time. Benton's ball went through the right 
arm of Lucas, penetrated his body in the region 
of the heart, he fell. 
Mr. Barton states thus : — 

" At the last interview, he, Mr. Lucas, appeared 
" equally cool and deliberate, both of them pre- 
^' sented and fired, so nearly together that I could 
" not distinguish two reports." He died in half 
an hour, aged 25 years and 3 days. 

A BKIEF SKETCH BY HIS FATHER. 

Charles Lucas was born Sept. 25, 1792, near 
Pittsburg, Penn'a; came with his parents to St. 
Louis in 1805, then 13 years of age ; sent to Jef- 
ferson College, Philadelphia, 1806, at the age of 
14 years ; at college five years, coming home in 
1811, aged 19 years, and read law in Col. Easton's 
ofiice. 

In 1812'an artillery company was formed by some 
of the young men of St. Louis, which tendered 
their services to the government in 1813, and 
Charles Lucas was appointed captain. 

He was admitted to the bar in 1814, and the same 
year elected to the Legislature, and afterwards re- 
ceived the appointment of U. S. Attorney for the 
Territory. 



BANK OF ST. LOUIS. 85 



GAZETTE EDITORIAL. 

1817, Sat. 27. "The infernal practice of dueling- 
"has taken off this morning one of the first 
" characters in our country, Charles Lucas, Esq., 
" attorney at law. His death has left a blank in 
" society not easily filled up." 



TEREITORIAL BANK OE ST. LOUIS, EKOM THE GAZETTE. 

1813, Aug. 21. Act of the Legislature, incorporat- 
ing the " Bank of St. Louis." 

Auguste Chouteau, Jno. B. C. Lucas, Clem- 
ent B. Penrose, Moses Austin, Bernard Pratte, 
Manuel Lisa, Thomas Brady, Bartholomew Ber- 
thold, Samuel Hammond, Eufus Easton, Robert 
Simpson, Christian Wilt and Risdon H. Price, 
appointed commissioners to open the books for 
subscriptions. 

Sept. 20. Monday the books were opened, but 
owing to the distracted condition of the country , 
consequent on the war, the stock was not taken 
under the above notice of Sept. 20, 1813, and an 
application was made to the Legislature for a re- 
vival of the charter. 

1814, Dec. 31. ISTotice is given by Thos. F. Rid- 
dick, Risdon H. Price and John Cromwell, that 
the books will be re-opened for the subscription 
to the stock of the said Bank of St. Louis. 
Capital, 1100,000. 



86 HISTOKICAL. 

1816, July 13. Christian Wilt gives notice that a 
sufficiency of stock having been subscribed, an 
election for thirteen Directors for the Bank of 
St. Louis will take place at the Court House, on 
the first Monday of September. 

1816, Sept. 2d, Monday. The following Directors 
were elected : Samuel Hammond, 809 ; Wm. 
Eector, 801; Bernard Pratte, 791; Eisdon H. 
Price, 623; Moses Austin, 551; Eli B. Clemson, 
550 ; Theodore Hunt, 543 ; Justus Post, 536 ; 
Robert Simpson, 538; Chas. W. Hunter, 512; 
Walter Wilkinson, 483; Theophilus W. Smith, 
476; Elias Bates, 443. 

Sam'l Hammond, subsequently, President. 
l^ov. 30. " The Bank of St. Louis will open for 
business on Monday, Dec. 2d inst. Robert Simp- 
son, acting Cashier."* 

Dec. 12. The Bank of St. Louis commenced busi- 
ness this day in the rear part of the building of 
Piddick & Pilcher's store. Jno. B. l!^. Smith, 
Cashier. 

1817, Aug. 7. The Bank of St. Louis purchased 
the old stone house east side of Main, between 
Elm and Myrtle, which they fixed up for their 
banking house ; tearing down the old stone front 
and putting up a new brick front. 

Dec. 8, 1817. Annual election for Directors ; nine 
of the old board re-elected ; leaving out Bernard 



* Archibald Gamble was the first, and Louis Bompart the second clerks 
of this bank at its openin;:, Dec, 1816. 



BANK OF ST. LOUIS. §7 

Pratte, Chas. W- Hunter, "Walter Wilkinson and 
Theophilus W- Smith, and filling their places with 
Joshua Pilcher, Samuel Pei-ry, Thomi^son Doug- 
lass and Thos. Wright. 

1818. Early in this year there were dissensions 
among the directors and certain stockholders, re- 
garding the management, or rather mismanage- 
ment of the Bank. 

Feb. 11. " Some parties took forcible possession of 
" the banking house," which was subsequently re- 
stored,. and business resumed as usual. 

Feb. 19. Samuel Hammond, President, "gives 
" nptice that the Bank will be re-opened on the 
^' 23d inst." 

In 1818 there were frequent changes and much 
confusion in the Board of Directors ; in July 
Wm. M. O'Hara was cashier, and Eisdon H. 
Price was president in place of Hammond . 

Dec. 14. Directors of the bank elected this day. 
Sam'l Hammond, E. H. Price, Robert Simp- 
son, Stephen F. Austin, John Nevin, Eli B. 
Clemson, Rufus Easton, Sam'l Perry, James 
Clemens, Jr., Frederick Dent, John Hall, Paul 
Anderson and Jesse G. Lindell. 

Eisdon H. Price, re-elected Pres't, and Wm. 
M. O'Hara, Cashier. 

1819. The Bank had suspended in March, 1818, 
but no notice had been given of it, it re-opened 
March 3, 1819, and paid its bills for a short time 
and again closed, not paying expenses. 



88 HISTORICAL. 

July 24. Risdon H. Price, Pres't, notifies the stock- 
holders to a meeting' to consider the expediency 
of continuing business or closing its affairs — 
■which last step was taken. 



TEKEITORIAL BANK OF MISSOURI, FROM GAZETTE. 

The Bank of St. Louis, chartered Aug. 21, ]813, 
owing to the war and other causes, did not com- 
mence business until Dec. 12, 1816, a delay of over 
three years. In meantime some of the principal 
getters-up of that bank, dissatisfied with this long 
delay, had opened books for subscriptions to the 
stock of another bank to be called the " Bank of 
Missouri," with a capital stock -of |250,000, the 
commissioners were Charles Grratiot, William Smith, 
John McKnight, John P. Cabanne and Matthew 
Kerr. 

They were incorporated by the Legislature, Dec. 
17, 1816, although in anticipation of that act, they 
had organized and opened the bank on Sept. 30, 
18 16, fully four months before their incorporation. 
Their first officei's were — 

Col. Auguste Chouteau, Pres't; 

Lilburn W. Boggs, Cashier, resigned in 1819 ; 

John Dales, Teller, elected Cashier, 1818 ; 

Louis Bompart, Clerk. 

The bank was for several years in the basement 
of Col. Chouteau's residence on Main St. 
In 1819. They built a Banking house at JSTo. 6, 

north Main and on its completion occupied it that 

Bame year. 



■MILITARY ITEMS. 89 

1820, May 1. The following Board of Directors 
were elected : — 

Thos. F. Riddick, JosepJi Philipson, Thomas 
Brady, Henry Yon Phul, James Kennedy, 
Michael Tesson, Thomas Hempstead, Thomas 
H. Benton and Angus L. Langham. 

Col. Chouteau declining to serve any longer, 
Col. Thos. F. Riddick was elected President. 

The other officers were Louis Bompart, Cash'r ; 
Elias T. Langham, 1st Clerk; Gabriel P. Cerre, 
2nd Clerk. 

In 1820 the Bank was made the Depository of 
the U.S. public moneys for the Land district of 
Missouri. 

In the summer of 1822, the Bank closed its 
doors and went into liquidation. 



MILITART ITEMS, FROM THE GAZETTE. 

1808, Augt. A meeting of citizens of St. Louis, 
held at Mr. Yosti's tavern to form a Volunteer 
Company — 

Benj. Wilkinson, elected Captain ; Risdon H. 
Price, Lieut., and John Yoorhees, Ensign. 
Oct. Gov. M. Lewis' general orders to the militia to- 
muster according to law. 

District of St. Louis, 3 Battalions Infantry, 
and Capt. P. Chouteau's troop of horse ; 

District of St. Genevieve, 2 Battalions Infantry, 
and Capts. Bibbs and Whitley's troops of Light 
Infantry ; 



HISTOEICAL. 

District of St. Charles, 2 Battalions Infantry, 
Capt. Shrader's troop of horse; 

District of Cape Girardeau, 2 Battalions In- 
fantry, and Capts. Ellis and Bonis' troops of 
horse ; 

District of 'New Madrid, 2 Battalions Infantry. 

1809, Feb. 9. Requisition of the Secretary of War 
for 377 militia men from the Territory, her 
portion of 100,000 men, ordered by the President 
of the United States, to be held in readiness if 
called upon, each man to provide his own arms 
and ammunition. 

St. Louis, St. Genevieve, New Madrid, each 
one company of 77 men. 

Infantry, commanded by Col. Chouteau . 232 
Riflemen, " by Major Cook . . 158 

Total 390 

GENERAL ORBERS. 

1809, April 21. " St. Charles, 10 o'clock a. m. 

" The companies of Capts. Ellis and Bouis, of 
" Cape Girardeau; of Capt. Otho. Shrader, of St. 
"Genevieve; of Capt. Pierre Chouteau, of St. 
"Louis; and Capt. Mackey Wherry, of St. 
" Charles, will rendezvous at St. Louis, May 4th, 
"with arms and ammunition." 



MILITARY ITEMS. 91 

GOVBRKOR lewis' PROCLAMATION, 

1809, July, '' discharging- the militia, of the Terri- 
" tory, held under his requisition of ]S'ov. 28, 
' ' 1808 — to be again enrolled as before with the 
" ordinary militia — and his thanks for their 
" promptness in volunteering/' 



1810, May 17. 



a 



OAPT. OWENS U. S. ARMY, 



" with 120 soldiers from Winchester, Virginia, 
" for Belief on taine, passed the falls of .Ohio on 
" May 2nd." 

1812, April 25. The six comijanies of Rangers, or- 
dered to be raised by a late Act of Congress, are 
nearly filled up, and are ordered to march to our 
frontier. 

May 16. capt. nathan boone, 

was commissioned by the President of U. S. to 
raise a company of Mounted Hangers, for 12 
months' service. 

June 18. Capt. Boone's company of Mounted 
Rangers, 65 men, were mustered into service at 
St. Charles. 

Aug. 22nd. " St. Louis now boasts of one troop of 
" horse, in active service on the frontier, one 
" company of riflemen on board a galley, at the 
"mouth of the Illinois, one of artillery, one of 



92 HISTORICAL. 

' ' infantry, and a veteran ' company of men now 
" over 45 years of- age, five companies comprising- 
" almost every man in the place." — Editok. 

BELLEFONTAIKE . 

1813. There are at present at this post, about 200 
U. S. regular soldiers, and 150 more looked for — 
this, with about 300 partisans shortly expected, 
with the aid of our militia, would enable us to give 
a warm reception to the British and Indians, 

' should they return this way. — Editok. 

During the three years continuance of the war 
with Great Britain from 1812 to 1815, but little, 
if any, progress was made in the growth of the 
place, all our male population being more or less 
absorbed in military matters, as we were the front- 
ier town, with hostile Indians in close proximity 
to us, continually committing depredations and 
outrages, even to the extent of killing our settlers 
within a few miles of our town. Our people were 
kept constantly on the alert, so that business was 
almost entirely suspended. In 1812 our popula- 
tion was about 1200, at the close of the war, 1815, 
it had only increased to 1500, altogether by the 
settlement with us of officers and soldiers of the U. 
S. army, sent out for the defense of our frontier. 

1813, July 9. .JOIIK M. DUFF, 

a soldier of Capt. D. Musick's company of U. S. 
Hangers, died in St. Louis of a wound he re- 



MILITARY ITEMS. 93 

ceived in a skirmish with a party of Winnebago 
Indians on the frontiers of St. Charles, near 
Fort Mason. His remains were interred with 
miUtarj honors in the Catholic cemetery on the 
10th. 

OEDEK OP THE PROCESSION. 

1. Guard from the Regulars — Sergeant and ten 
men. 

2. Military music, with muffled drums. 

3. The Catholic priest in his sacerdotal robes, 
with attendants. 

4. The body, carried by four soldiers of Capt. 
Lucas' company, 6 pall-bearers. 

5. Two privates of the deceased's company, as 
mourners. 

6. Capt. Lucas' company of volunteers. 

7. Judges and officers of the court, then in 
session 

■ 

8. Members of the Council and Legislature. 

9. The speaker and clerks of both houses. 

10. The adjutant- general and assistant adjutant- 
general of the troops. 

11. The officers of the army in town. 

12. The Governor of the Territory, and brigadier- 
general of the troops. 

13. Citizens in pairs. 

BRIGADIER GENERAL HOWARD, 

1813, Sept. 10. With 1400 men left Portage des 
Sioux on an expedition against the Indians of Illi- 
nois. 



94 HISTORICAL. 



1814, April 9. the president 

has promoted to the rank of Brigadier Greneral, 
U. S. Army, Cols. Daniel Bissell, 5th Infantry; 
Edmund P. G-aines, 25th Infantry; and Winfield 
Scott, 2d Artillery. 

1815, March. Col. Wm. Russell, U. S. Army, was 
in command at Belief ontaine. 

Sept. 15. On Thursday last, 10 boats with the 8th 
Regiment U. S. Infantry, 700 men, passed St. 
Louis for Belief ontaine and Portage des Sioux. 

1816, BRIGADIER GENERAL SMITH, 

June 15. U. S. Army, with 1000 Regulars went 
up the Mississippi to build a fort on Rock Island. 
300 of the Rifle Regiment have sailed from Belle- 
f ontaine to join him. Editor. 

'Nov. 9. Two companies of the 8th Regiment U. 
S. Infantry, under Capt. "Willis Poulck, sailed 
from this place on Wednesday for IS'atchitoches, 
Red River. 

1819, June 9. the 5th regiment. 

' U. S. Infantry, left Detroit to proceed to Prairie 
des Chiens, to establish a Fort at the mouth of 
the St. Peter's, Falls of St. Anthony. 

June 28. The detachment of the 5th U. S. Infant- 
ry, at Bellefontaine has dropped down to the 



MILITARY ITEMS. 95 

month of the Missouri river, to proceed up the 
Mississippi to St. Peters, under Lieutenant-Colonel 
Leavenworth. 

Sep. 22. The 5th Regiment, Col. Leavenworth, 
have established themselves at St. Peters. 

Oct. 13. Lieut. Col. Josiah Snelling promoted to 
Colonel of the 5th Infantry, to take command at 
St. Peters. 

1820, Jan. 5. From St. Peters we learn that the 
barracks are completed, and the troops quartered 
therein for the winter. They have commenced 
ploughing for next year. The climate appears 
mild and pleasant. Latitude 45° north. 

1819, June. col. talbot chambers 

with 260 men of the Rifle Regiment, left Belle- 
fontaine on the 14th inst, in five barges, to pro- 
ceed up the Missouri to Capt. Martin's canton- 
ment. 

July 21. Col. Chambers' five boats and 260 men 
arrived at Franklin, Howard County, on July 2d, 
with Capt. James S. Gray, Lieuts. Scott and 
Keith and Doct. Martine. They left Bellefontaine 
June 14th, and were eighteen days to Franklin;, 
they left Franklin July 5th. 

Sept. 22. The keel-boats with Col. Chambers' 
troops arrived at Martin's cantonment on the 28th 
August, and left the 4th Sept. inst. 



■96 HISTORICAL. 

1819, June 9. ool. henkt Atkinson's 

6th Regiment U. S. Infantry j)assed St. Louis for 
Bellefontaine on Sunday and Monday, the 6th 
and 7th, in nine barges, on their way to Council 
Bluffs. 
■July 7. The 6th Regiment left Bellefontaine on the 
4th and 5th July, in three steamboats ; the Expe- 
dition, Capt. Craig; the Johnson, Capt. Colfax; 
and Jefferson, Capt. Orfurt, and four barges pro- 
pelled by wheels and sails. 
1^0. 1, Major Ketchum; ]S'o. 2, Capt. Hamilton and 
Lieut. Mansfield ; 'No. 3, Capt. Reed and Lieut. 
EUison ; ISTo. 4, Capts. Boardman and Living- 
stone. 

In the steamers were Majors Humphreys and 
Foster, — Capts. Haile, Shaler and Bliss, — 
Lieuts. Bedell, Wilcox, Durand, Givens, Mc- 
Ilvaine, Keller and Palmer, — Lieut. Talcott, 
Engineers, — Docts. Mower and Kicholl, — Ad- 
jutant Staniford, — Lieuts. Wetmore, Pay-Mas., — 
and Brown, Quar. -Master. 

Col. Atkinson and Capt. Smith, of the Rifles, 
proceeded by land to take the boats at Franklin ; 
also G-eneral Jessup, Quarter-Master General. 

Oct. 27. By a gentleman from Council Bluffs we 
learn that the keel boats and troops had arrived. 
The steamboats were from June 22d to Aug. 29, 
68 days from St. Louis to Martin's cantonment, 
350 miles, average 5 miles a day. And the keel 
boats from Sept. 6th to 29th, 23 days from there 



YELLOWSTONE EXPEDITION. 97 

to the Council Bluffs, 270 miles, about ten miles 
a day. 

" THE YELLOWSTONE EXPEDITION." 

^'1819, April 20. The U. S. Steamer 'Western 
" Engineer,' built by the U. S. expressly for the 
"purpose, left Pittsburgh on Tuesday, April 20, 
" 1819." —Saturday, May 1st. 

The boat is thus described : — 

75 feet long, 13 feet beam, draws 19 inches. 
The engine and machinery below decks out of 
sight, the steam is blown out through the figure- 
head of the boat, which is a large serpent, the 
wheels are in the stern to avoid snags. 

Objects of the expedition : — To explore the 
Missouri and the country to the falls, about four 
thousand miles from Pittsburgh, — to fix the point 
in the Rocky Mountains, where it is intersected by 
the 49th degree of north latitude — take observa- 
tions and establish the latitude and longitude of 
prominent points, fix upon a suitable point for a 
military establishment near the Yellowstone, — 
investigate the geology, mineralogy, botany, and 
natural history of the country, etc., etc., in a word 
a scientific expedition. Under the command of 
Major Stephen H. Long, Topographical Engi- 
neei's, and assistants Lieuts. James Grraham and 
William H. Swift, Engineers ; with Major Thomas 
Biddle, Paymaster U. S. Army; Doct. Jessup, 
Mineralogist; Doct. Say, Botanist; and Doct. 
Baldwin, Zo-ologist. Messrs. Peale and Sey- 
mour, Artists ; and Major Benjamin O'Fallon, 
Indian Agent. 



98 HISTORICAL. 

1819, June 9. The "Western Engineer," arrived 
at St. Louis this day, fifty days from Pittsburgh. 

1819, June 17th, Thursday. An elegant entertain- 
ment was given to the ofiicers of the Missouri 
expedition, the gentlemen of the Scientific expe- 
dition, and to Capts. Hewes and Nelson, of the 
steamers St. Louis and Independence. 

"western engineer," 

June 23, left St. Louis on her Yellowstone expedi- 
tion on Monday the 21st, to be absent it is sup- 
posed about two years. She arrived at Franklin, 
Howard County, July 13, having left St. Charles 
June 25th ; 19 days out. 

She remained here 5 or 6 days and left here on 
July 19, and arrived at Manuel Lisa's Trading 
post, five miles below the Council Bluffs, on 
Sept. 19, 1819, here the party passed the winter 
of 1819-20 in cabins they built to shelter them. 

In October Majors Long and Jessup repaired 
to Washington to report progress and obtain 
funds, and rejoined his party in May, 1820, and in 
July having sent back the steamer under com- 
mand of Lieut. Graham,' he left the cantonment 
to prosecute his expedition by land. 

THE ST. LOUIS GUARDS. 

1819, Dec. 29. A volunteer company of Light In- 
fantry has been formed in this town, denominated 
the "St. Louis Guards." 



MISSOURI GAZETTE. 9^ 

The following officers were elected : — 
Captain, Henry "W. Conway; 1st Lieut., Geo. 
H. Kennerly; 2nd Lieut., Amos J. Bruce; 3rd 
Lieut., Josiah Bright; Ensign, Jno. B. Sarpy; 
Orderly Sergt., Chas. "Wahrendorff ; 2nd Sergt. 
Charles Keemle ; 3rd Sergt., William Kenshaw; 
1st Corp'l, David B. Hoffman; 2nd Corp'l^ 
Wilson McGunnegle; 3rd Corp'l, Stephen Rec- 
tor; Treas., William Eenshaw. 

1820, Feb. 22nd. The first parade of the company 
took place in honor of the day, at which they 
made a fine display. 



MISSOUEI GAZETTE, ESTABLISHED BY JOS. 
CHAKLESS, SB. 

1808, July 12, 'No. 1 issued on a sheet of foolscap 
8 by 12 incbes, there being no suitable paper in 
the place. 

1809, July 19. Editorial on the completion of the 
first year : — 

" He regrets that his paper, under the untoward 
" circumstances under which he labored for the 
" first year, did not come up to his own calcula- 
" tions, and perhaps to the expectations of his- 
" patrons — but now having disposed of his office 
" in Lexington, Ky., and brought his family to 
St. Louis, together with a supply of good 
paper, trusts that he will henceforth meet the 
" expectations of his friends." 



100 HISTORICAL. 

July 26. An editorial upon the death of Thomas 
Paine at 'New York, on June 24th. 

Nov. 30. ISTame of the paper changed to " Louisi- 
ana Gazette," as more appropriate. 

1810, July 19. Completion of the second year. 

1811, July 18. Completion of the third year. 

" Nov. 9. Mr. Charless calls upon those of his 
^' subscribers who gave their notes or word of 
^' honor to pay in flour or corn to bring it in di- 
*' rectly. Others who promised to pay in heef or 
" porTc, to deliver it as soon as possible, or their 
" accounts will be placed in the magistrate's 
" hands." 

MISSOURI GAZETTE. 

1812, July 18. " Congress having changed the 
" name of this Territory, the editor also changes 
" his paper to its fii'st appellation, ' Missouri Ga- 
" zette.' " 

August 15. Close of the fourth year. 

1813, August 2]. Close of the fifth volume of the 
paper. 

1814, Feb. 19. From a communication in this paper, 
" it appears that Gov. Howard returned to St. 
" Louis in April, 1813, with an appointment as 
' ' Brigadier General. He acted as Governor for a 
" few weeks, until the expiration of his commis- 
" sion as such, and then there was a vacancy in 



MISSOURI GAZETTE. 101 

" the office, until Gov. Clark accepted the appoint- 
"ment in July. The article then animadverts 
"upon Gov. Howard's course in the subject 
" matter." 

Sept. 24. Close of the 6th volume of this papei-. 

1815, Jan. 21. Mr. Charless, at the request of a 
subscriber in Washington County, gives an ac- 
count of the affair between Majors Wm. C. Carr, 
Clement B. Penrose and Wm. Christy, and Doc- 
tors Farrar and Walker on one part, and himself, 
alone, on the other, and of what transpired be- 
tween them in his office on Sunday, and " of their 
" subscription of $1,000 to start a new paper, and 
" buy a printer of their own to conduct it as they 
" should dictate." 

Sept. 23. Close of the 7th volume of the paper. 

1816, July 13. Editorial of Mr. Charless on St. 
Louis : 

" In the year 1795 I first passed down the Ohio 
" to the Falls, where a few stores and taverns con- 
" stituted Louisville a town. Cincinnati was a 
" village, and the residence of the soldiers thatde- 
"fend the ]^. W. Territory, the country between 
" to Pittsburg a wilderness, the haunt of the Sav- 
" ages. See it now in 1816. Both banks of the 
" Ohio sprinkled with farms, villages and towns. 
"Some with a population of 5,000 or more, with 
" banks, steam mills, and manufactures of leather, 
" wool, cotton and flax, the various metals, schools 
" and seminaries, and teachers in every village. 



•f 



102 HISTORICAL. 

" The above is noticed as a contrast to the opu- 
" lent town of St. Louis, with a capital of one 
" million dollars, it has but few manufactures, no 
" respectable seminary, no place of worship for 
'* dissenters, no public edifices, no steam mills, 
"nor boats, no bank. Mr. Philipson has just 
" established a brewery, Mr. Wilt a white and red 
*' lead factory, Mr. Hunt a tanning establishment, 
" and last, Mr. Henderson's soap and candle man- 
" ufactory, would be of great utility had it re- 
" ceived that patronage it so richly merits," and 
concludes, his remarks by saying, " that machin- 
" ery of every description are needed here, and 
" particularly a man of capital to erect a steam 
" mill, who would soon realize a fortune, and to 
" establish a distillery, as at least 5,000 barrels of 
" whisky are annually received fr'om the Ohio and 
" sold at 75 cents a gallon, while thousands of 
" bushels of grain are offered at a very low price 
" to any man who will establish a distillery." 

1816, Sept. 21. " We have not been able to learn 
"the particulars of the late affray at St. Gene- 
" vieve, in which Augustus Demun was killed." 
Editor. 

Sept. 16. Close of the 8th volume. 

1817, Sept. 20. Close of the 9th volume. 

1818, Sept. 11. " The account of Win. Tharp's trial 
" for shooting Wm. Smith came too late for this 
"number." 



MISSOURI GAZETTE. 103 

Sept. 18. Close of the 10th volume. 

1819, Sept. 15. Completion of volume 11th. 

1820, Sept. 13. Completion of the 12th volume. 

ME. CHAKLESS' VALEDICTORY TO HIS PATRONS. 

This number closes the 12th year of his editorial 
labors. The paper was established when the popu- 
lation of the whole territory, now the State, hardly 
numbered 12,000 inhabitants ; it had been ceded but 
four years. The original subscription was but 170 
(now increased to 1,000), and the advertising list 
small ; my means were limited, and the establish- 
ment supported with difficulty ; but by perseverance 
in a straight forward course, assisted by kind friends 
and patrons , he is gratified to know that he transfers 
it to his successor in a prosperous and successful 
condition, and returns his grateful acknowledgments, 
etc. Joseph Charless. 

Sept. 13, 1820.* 



* Note. ^ The early flies are incomplete, many numbers missing, torn, 
cut or defaced. The first book was made up from papers which had been 
delivered to subscribers from the names on them. 

Mr. Charless had his printing office from 1808 to 1816, eight years, in 
an old stone house, east side of Main street below Elm (afterwards the 
Bank of St. Louis and Post-office.) In 1816 he removed It to his new 
frame, at the southeast corner of Second and Walnut streets. 

After Mr. Charless sold the paper to Cummins, from Pittsburg, C. 
moved it to the Sanguinet stone house, northeast corner Main and Elm. 

In 1822, when re-purchased by Edward Charless, he removed it back to 
his father's frame, and not long afterwards next door to the new bank 
on Main street. 



104 HISTOBICAL. 



" TO THE PATRON'S OP THE MISSOURI GAZETTE. 

" With this number the estabhshment of the 
" Missouri Gazette is transferred to the subscriber, 
" who will hereafter conduct the paper. He as- 
" sures the public that he is the sole proprietor, 
"and totally disconnected Avith any other person 
" in the purchase of the establishment; and trusts 
*' that he will so conduct the paper as to merit the 
" approbation and support of his patrons and the 
" public, etc., etc. 

" The paper will be issued as heretofore on 
" every Wednesday. 

" James C. Cummhsts." 
Sept. 13, 1820.* 



THE OPPOSITION PAPER. 
1814. 

About this time certain prominent gentlemen of 
aristocratic tendencies, who from their lineage, 
position, and early training, had become leaders 
of society, and imagined themselves of bluer 
blood than the common herd, had for some time 
past, been endeavoring to get up distinctions in 
society by assuming to control Mr. Charless in 
the conduct of his paper, denouncing certain edi- 

* Cummins was the proprietor of tlie paper for 18 months, from Sept. 
13, 1820, to March 20, 1822. He preserved no files, add to this, the last 
four months of Mr. Charless' ownership, whose files are not found, and 
we have a period of 22 months in which the flies are lacking. F. L. B. 



THE OPPOSITION PAPER. 105 

torials and communications which Mr. Charless in 
his independent obstinate course produced in his- 
columns from time to time, and which resulted in 
a personal attack on him, in his own office by 
some five or six of them variously armed, on 
Sunday, Feb. 6, 1814, Mr. C. defending himself 
as best he could with his sMllaly.^ 

1815. In the spring of 181 5, these parties, raised by 
subscription the sum of $1,000, procured a press, 
and materials, and engaged Mr. Joshua Korvell,. 
from !N^ashville, Tennessee, to manage it. 

The first number appeared in May, 1815, as the 
" Western Journal,^' it was a failure financially, 
it being sustained by an additional subscription. 

Sergeant Hall, a lawyer from Cincinnati, was- 
the next editor, who issued " his " first number on 
May 17, 1817, as the " Western Emigrant,^'' 
conducting it with no better success than the 
first. 

In the summer of 1819, it passed into the banda 
of Isaac "N". Henry, from Ifashville, as proprietor, 
and Col. Thos. H. Benton, editor, who again 
changed its name to the " 8t. Louis Enquirer.'''' 

A singular fatality appears to have accom- 
panied this paper through its first decade, in its 
frequent change of ownership, Mr. Henry had 
owned it but two years when he died in June, 
1821. 



* The details of this affair, too long to produce in this work, are to be^ 
found in his flies of the period. 



106 HISTORICAL. 

A succeeding editor, Patrick Henry Ford, died 
Jan. 20, 1827. 



Early in the year 1820, the population of Missouri 
Territory having grown to upwards of 60,000, far 
above the then ratio for a member of Congress, an 
act ' ' authorizing the inhabitants of that Territory 
' ' to take the proper steps to form a Constitution 
*' and State Government," was passed and approved 
by the President, James Monroe, March 6, 1820. 

According to the provisions of the Act, the elec- 
tion of delegates to the convention, was held 
throughout the Territory viva voce, on the first 
Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday of May, ensuing 
(1820). 

The convention assembled at Wm. Bennett's 
Mansion House Hotel, corner Vine and Third 
streets, on the second Monday, June 12, 1820, and 
was in session about five weeks. 

The Constitution* was completed and signed on 
the third Wednesday, July 19th. 

The first State election under it, for the ofiicers 
provided for the State government, was held on the 
fourth Monday, August 28th, 1820. 

The Legislature assembled in St. Louis at its 
first session on the third Monday, Sept. 18, 1820, 
at which Alexander McISTair was duly inaugurated 
as the first Governor of the State. 



* Mostly the work of David Barton. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 107 

He made the following appointments : — 

Joshua Barton, Secretary of State. 
Edward Bates, Attorney-General. 
William Christy, Auditor of Accounts. 
Pierre Didier, State Treasurer. 
William Gr. Pettus, Private Secretary. 

This first session of the State Legislature passed a 
number of acts, setting the State government in 
operation, elected two United States Senators to 
Congress, David Barton and Thos. H. Benton, who 
with John Scott, the Representative elect, spelit 
the winter of 1820-21 in Washington, unable to 
obtain tlieir seats, we not yet admitted to the 
Union for the following reasons : — 

When Congress assembled at Washington in 
Dec, 1820, the Constitution of the ISTew State of 
Missouri was submitted for its approval, it took 
the usual course, and was submitted to the appro- 
priate committee who reported, objecting to several 
clauses in it, which gave rise to much discussion and 
long delay — finally Congress adopted a resolution 
on March 2, 1821, " providing for the admission 
*' of Missouri, on amending her Constitution in 
*' regard to the obnoxious clauses." 

For this purpose the Gov., Mcll^air, convened a 
special session of the Legislature, it met at St. 
Charles, June 4, 1821, and after a brief session, 
adopted the amendments proposed by Congress. 
Whereupon the President of the United States, 
James Monroe, issued his proclamation of Aug. 10, 



108 HISTOEICAL. 

1821, declaring- the admission of Missouri as the 
24th State of the Union. 

Extract from the Governor's Message at this 
first special session : — 

Gentlemen of the General Assembly: 

lu discharge of the duties required of me by the Constitution, I have 
convened you at this early period, for the purpose of laying before you 
several matters which appear to me urgent in their nature, and of vital 
importance to the State, hoping from your wisdom and prudence a 
remedy for some of the evils under which the country labors, which my 
own reflection has not been able to devise. 

This measure, which will necessarily occasion a considerable public 
expense, has not been adopted without the matured deliberation, and 
absolute conviction, on my part, that the public interest and safety re- 
quire the prompt interposition of the General Assembly. Since the first 
organization of this government, we have exhibited to the American 
people a spectacle novel and peculiar — an American Republic on the 
confines of the Federal Union, exercising all the powers of sovereign 
government, with no actual political connexion with the United States^ 
and nothing to bind us to them but a reverence for the same principles, 
and an habitual attachment to them and their government, &c. * » ► 

Albx'b McNaik. 

St. Charles, 4th June, 1821. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 



I-EOM THE FILES OF THE MISSOURI GAZETTE. 



CASH 

given for Bills of Exchange on the Grovernment. 

Wilkinson & Price. 
St. Louis, July 12, 1808. 

A variety of School Books for sale, and. Blanks 
printed at this office on short notice. 
July 26, 1808. 

XEKBMIAH CONNOR, AUCTIONEER, 

will sell to the highest bidder, for cash, at 10 A. 
M., on Tuesday, Aug. 3d, 1808, at' the house of 
Mrs. Labadie, an invoice of goods amounting to 
between 7 and 800 dollars. Cogniac Brandy, three 
years in cellar, Dry Goods, Chewing Tobacco, 
Saddlery and Hardware. 
July 23, 1808. 

WILLIAM HARRIS, HATTER, 

in all its branches, next door to Doct. Saugrain's. 
Aug. 17, 1808. 

(109) 



110 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

N^OTIOE. 

Whereas, ray wife Polly has left my bed and 
board, I will pay no debts of her contracting. 
Aug. 8, 1808. Thomas Beavers. 

BOARDING. 

Two or three young men may have boarding on 
reasonable terms. Enquire at this office. 
Aug. 17, 1808. 

CALVIlSr BURNS, TAILOR, 

wants two or three journeymen immediately ; good 
wages. 
Aug. 2i, 1808. 

A I'INE COACHEE 

for sale. Enquire at this office. 
Sept. 7, 1808. 

RUEUS EASTON 

requests all for whom he is agent on Land Claims 
to bring their testimony before the Commissioners, 
before the 1st day of I^overaber next. 
Sept. 7, 1808'. 

NOTICE. 

The subscriber, intending to leave this Territory, 
will offer at public sale, on Monday the 12th inst., 
all his household furniture, with a small collection 
of valuable books, etc. 

One or two likely young negroes, and a pair of 
handsome, well matched horses. J. Brtote. 

Sept. 7, 1808. 



BUSINESS NOTICES.' HI 

WILSON P. HUNT AND JOHN HANKINSON 

have recently added to their former stock, a gen- 
eral assortment of merchandise, for sale low for 
cash. 

Sept. 14, 1808. 

EAGLE TAVERN. 

Resin Webster has opened a house of entertain- 
ment, in the building lately occupied by General 
William Clark. 

]Sr. B. — A few genteel boarders can be accom- 
modated. 

Ifov. 2, 1808. 

JACOB PHILIPSON, FROM PHILADELPHIA, 

is now opening at his new store, opposite the 
Post-office, a general assortment of Dry Goods and 
Groceries, for sale for cash at reasonable prices. 
]S"ov. 10, 1808. 

HORACE AUSTIN & CO., STE. GENEVIEVE, 

have just received an assortment of Dry Goods 
and Groceries, purchased in 'New York for cash, 
will be sold low for cash or lead. 
Jan. 4, 1809. 

JUST RECEIVED, 

at the store of Bernard Pratte, a complete assort- 
ment of Dry Goods, Groceries, Liquors, Iron and 
Steel. 

Jan. 11, 1809. 



112 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

FALCONER & COMEGTS 

have just received, and for sale, a general assort- 
ment of merchandise. 
April 19, 1809. 

PEIMM & DAVIS, TAILORS, 

have entered into partnership, and will continue 
the business in P. Primm's old stand, opposite 
the late Mr. Robidoux's. 
April 25, 1809. 

DOCTOR FARRAR 

will practice medicine and surgery in St. Louis ; 
his office is in Mr. Eobidoux's house, Second 
•street. 

May 16, 1809. 

JEREMIAH CONKOR, AUCTIONEER, 

will sell at auction, Thursday, June 15, at 9 o'clock 
A. M., at the store of Hunt & Hankiiison, the stock 
of goods of said firm, to close business. 
May 30, 1809. 

AUCTION SALE, 

on Monday, June 12, at the store of Alexander 
McKeever, next door to Madame Robidoux, all the 
remaining stock of goods now in said store. 
May 31, 1809. 

VACCINATION. 

Doct. Saugrain gives notice of the first vaccine 
matter brought to St. Louis. Indigent persons 
vaccinated gratuitously. 

May 26, 1809. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 113 

"WANTED, 

two or three journeymen carpenters ; good wages 
and constant work. Norman Mackenzie. 

May 31, 1809. 

DISSOLUTION. 

The copartnership of Wilson P. Hunt and John 
Hankinson is this day dissolved by mutual consent. 
Wilson P. Hunt will settle the affairs of the late 
firm. 
. June 10, 1809. 

JOHN KERR 

has just opened in the store recently occupied by 
Hunt & Hankinson, a stock of fresh Dry Goods, 
Groceries, and Hardware, for sale at reasonable 
prices for cash. 
July 5, 1809. 

L. T. HAMPTON, 

skin dressing and breeches making, in Mrs. Robi- 
doux's house, known as the Council house, near 
Webster's tavern. 
June 29, 1809. 

MATTHEW KERR 

has opened in the store formerly occupied by Hunt 
& Hankinson an assortment of fresh Dry Goods, 
Groceries, and Hardware, for sale at reasonable 
prices. 
July 5, 



114 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

MICHAEL DOLAIJ'S , 

tailor shop, in the same house with L. T. Hampton, 
Breeches Maker and Glover. 
June 29, 1809. 

BERNARD LALENDE, 

Merchant Tailor, lately from Bordeaux, has the lat- 
est fashions of London and Paris. Cloth and other 
stuffs always on hand. He has for sale Bordeaux 
Wine, Coffee, and Imperial Tea, an assortment of 
the best Fiddle Strings. 
Sept. 6, 1809. 

B. BEETHOLD AND R. PAUL, 

lately arrived from Baltimore and Philadelphia, have 
for sale an elegant assortment of Dry Goods and 
Groceries at moderate prices. Their store is at Mr. 
"Valois', Main street. 
Sept. 13, 1809. 

GROVE TAVERN. 

James H. Audrain has just opened a public 
house in Mr. Cerre's large stone house, IS'orth Main 
street. He solicits the patronage of a generous 
public. 

Sept. 13, 1809. 

WM. CHRISTY 

will take in keeping on moderate terms, a few horses, 
by the week or month. Excellent pasture and 
plenty of grain . 
Aug. 29, 1809. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 115 

1809. !N"ov. 16, Jno. N". Maclot having com- 
pleted the erection of his Shot Tower at Her- 
culaneum, — the first in the West, — gives notice 
to his friends and public that he will manufac- 
ture lead into drop-shot on reasonable terms. 

Kocky Place, below the mouth of the Joachim, 
adjoining Herculaneum. 

1810. Early this year a second Shot Tower was 
erected at Herculaneum, by Moses Austin, of 
Mine a Breton. 

JACOB PHILIPSON 

has removed his store to next north of Mr. Charles 
Gratiot's house, where he has added largely to 
his former stock. 
Oct. 12, 1809. 

ISAAC SEPTLIVEE8 

proposes to teach Drawing, Geography, Mathe- 
matics and French Grammar. He can be found 
at Mr. Vincent Bonis, Sr. 
Nov. 16, 1809. 

J. PAHSr AND AKMSTEONG, TAILORS, 

have commenced business near the Post Ofiice, 
they also carry on Skin Dressing and Breeches 
Making. 

my. 30, 1809. 

JOHN STEELE 

has just opened a Stock of New Goods next door 
to Mad'e Robidoux's, with about 2,000 gallons 
Whisky, etc. 
Dec. 7, 1809. 



116 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

WILLIAM SHANNON 

is now opening at the house of Francis Benoit a 
complete assortment of Goods of the newest and 
most fashionable styles. 
Dec. 14, 1809. 

WILLIAM SHANNON 

has just received a quantity of Drugs and Medicines, 
which he will sell at moderate prices. 
Dec. 28, 1809. 

SAMUEL PEEBY 

has just opened in the store formerly Hunt & Han- 
kinson, an assortment of fresh Dry Goods and 
Groceries. 
Dec. 28, 1809. 

MATTHEW KERR 

has just returned from Philadelphia with a well 
chosen assortment of Merchandise, which he will sell 
at the most reasonable terms. 
Jany. 13, 1810. 

ERESH GOODS. 

We have recently added to our former Stock, a 
supply of goods suitable for the present and ap- 
proaching seasons, for sale on the lowest terms. 

Beethold & Paul. 
Feb. 22, 1810. 

EALCONER & COMEGYS, 

desirous of closing out their stock of merchandise, 
will dispose of it at very low prices. 
Jany. 30, 1810. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 117 

ENTERTAINMENT. 

Joseph Charless informs his friends that he receives 
Boarders by the day, week or month. Travelers 
can be accommodated with as good fare as the town 
affords, on moderate terms. Stabling for 8 or 10 
horses. 

StIBSCKIBERS 

to the Paper are requested to pay up. Pork and 
flour received. 
April 19, 1810. 

H. M. SHKEVE & CO. (PERGUS MOORHEAd) 

have brought from Philadelphia, and opened next 
door to the house of the late Joseph Robidoux, a 
complete assortment of Dry Groods, Groceries, Hard- 
ware, China and Qneensware, Iron, Steel, Cast- 
ings and Stationery, to be disposed of low for 
Cash. 

April 23, 1810. 

WOOD & DUNN 

have just arrived from Philadelphia with a gen- 
eral assortment of Dry Goods, Groceries, etc., etc., 
for sale at the late stand of Hunt & Hankinson. 
April 23, 1810. 

ST. VRAIN'S and HABB'S BREWERY, 

at Belief ontaine. Edward Hempstead will always 
have a supply of strong and table beer in his cellar. 
April 28, 1810. 



118 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

MR. GEORGE PESOAT 

informs the public that he has just arrived from 
Philadelphia and has opened in the house formerly 
occupied by Mr. Eobidoux, a complete assortment 
of Dry Groods, Groceries and Crockery Ware. 
April 18, 1810. 

CHEAP GOODS. 

John Arthur has just opened a quantity of country 
linen, cotton cloth, cotton. and wool cards, iron, 
steel, etc., etc., which he will sell on low terms, and 
will take in payment furs, hides, whisky, maple 
sugar, bacon and beeswax. 
April 19, 1810. 

NOTICE. 

The firm of Falconer & Comegys is this day dis- 
solved, Mr. P. Falconer retiring. J. G. Com- 
egys & Co., the new firm, is just opening, 
from Baltimore & Philadelphia at the store op- 
posite Mr. Charles Gratiot, a general assortment 
of merchandise, to sell for- Cash, Lead or Beaver. 
May 7, 1810. 

GEORGE TOMPKISrS 

will open a school in St. Louis in the house of M. 
Alvarez, on Monday, May 7th. 
May 1, 1810. 

GEK'l. WM. CLARK. 

United States Agent for Indian Department. 
July 12, 1810. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 119 

WILLIAM CHRISTY 

has rssumed his old stand on Main Street, opposite 
Col. A. Chouteau's, where he has opened a house 
of public entertainment, and hopes to receive the 
public patronage. 

He is provided with Liquors of the best kind, and 
good pasture for horses, with corn, oats and green 
clover. 

June 27, 1810. 

PATRICK LEE, 

Auctioneer, Broker arid Commission Merchant, 
near the Post Office, is well provided with Dry 
Goods, Groceries, etc. His house and cellar is well 
calculated for storing goods. 
July 10, 1810. 

HESLEP & TATLOK. 

Windsor and Fancy Chair-makers, adjoining Jno. 
Coon's shop. Work superior to any in the west. 
Penciled and gilt in the finest Philadelphia fashion. 
July 26, 1810. 

THE FIRM OF H. M. SHRBVE & CO. 

is this day dissolved. Fergus Moorhead will con- 
tinue alone at the old stand. 
Aug. 11, 1810. 

HORACE AUSTIN 

is opening at the old stand of Falconer & Comegys, 
a handsome assortment of Dry Goods and Queens- 
ware. 

Sept. 15, 1810. 



120 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

ETIFUS EASTON, POSTMASTER, 

has removed the Post Office to his new etone 
residence on Third Street under Court House 
hill. 

:N'ov. 12, 1810. 

matthew kerb 

has just returned from Philadelphia with an ex- 
tensive assortment of Merchandise, to dispose of on 
very reasonable terms. 
Dec. 10, 1810. 

JACOB PHILIPSON, 

to close his business in St. Louis, offers the 
balance of his Stock of Groods at low prices. 
Jany. 12, 1811. 

ZAOHARIA MUSSi:PfA, 

just from Philadelphia, with a large stock of 
fresh goods, for sale in Madame Labbadie's old 
store, 

Jany. 21, 1811. 

JAMES BAIRD, BLACKSMITH, 

in Jno. B. Becquet's old shop on South Main 
Street. 

Feby., 1811. 

MOSES SCOTT 

has for sale. Porter, Castings, Tin and Glass- 
ware, etc., from Pittsburgh, next above Baird's 
shop. 
Feb. 14, 1811. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 121 

BADGLEY & STUBBLEFIELD, 

Ladies' and Gentlemen's Shoe and Boot Makers. 
April 9, 1811. 

JOHN AUDUBOlsr & PEEDIKAKD KOZIEE, OI' STE. 

GEISTEVIEVE 

have this day dissolved their copartnership. 

Ferd. Rozier will continne in business alone at 
the old stand. 

April 6, 1811. 

m' KNIGHT & BKADY 

have just received from Baltimore and Philadel- 
phia, a large stock of Merchandise, in their 
store opposite Genl. Wm. Clark. 
May 22, 1811. 

CHRISTIAN WILT, PROM PHILABELPHIA, 

with a stock of new Goods, will continue busi- 
ness in Z. Mussina's old stand, in Chas. Gratiot's 
old stone store- 
July 25, 1811. 

SAMUEL BRIDGE 

has for sale low, a kiln of Bricks, at the south 
end of the village, near the banks of the 
creek. 

Oct. 12, 1811. 

JAMES BAIRD 

has removed his Blacksmith Shop to John Coon's 
old house on South Third Street. 
l^ov. 27, 1811. 



122 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

DEPESTEE, DEMTJN & CO., 

just arrived from Philadelphia and Baltimore, 
with an assortment of new goods, are opening 
ill their store adjoining Delaunay's boarding 
house, Main Street. 
Sept. 12, 1811. 

MATTHEW KEKR 

has just arrived with an extensive assortment of 
new Merchandise, for sale at the usual low 
prices. 

ISTov. 16, 1811. 

BOOT. J. M. EEAD, 

from Baltimore, is in the north end of Mad'e 
Dubreuil's'house, next to Major Penrose's. 
Dec. 21, 1811. 

LOOK HEKE ! ! ! 

Fred. Teizer, on Main Street, next door to 
Dongan's Silver Smith Shop, has on hand "rt 
heap of whisky ^^'' plenty of Peach Brandy, 
Linsey, Country Linen, Shoes, Nails, Cotton, 
Bed Cords, etc., etc., low for cash or hides. 

Feed. Yeizek. 

!Nr. B. No credit, as I have never learnt to 
write. 

Dec. 14, 1811. 

JOHN CHANDLER & CO., 

Saddle, Bridle, and Harness Makers, Main Street, 
St. Louis. 

Jany. 11, 1812. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 123 

ALL MASTERS 

are desired to observe the clothing of their serv- 
ants to detect a Thief; who, on the night of the 
27th ult., stole from the house of A. MclS^air, a 
large, blue Cloak of superfine German Cloth. If 
the Thief should be a white man a reward of |20 
will be given upon conviction, by 

Robert Wash. 
Jan. 4, 1812. 

FARRAR & CHARLESS' 

Apothecary Shop, adjoining the Printing Office 
have on hand genuine medicines, and will receive 
in the Spring an additional supply fresh from 
Philadelphia. 

DOCT. FARRAR 

continues the practice of his profession. 
Jany. 18, 1812. 

MISSOURI FUR COMPANY. 

Capital 150,000. 50 shares at $1,000. Silvestre 
Labbadie, Wm Clark and Manuel Lisa, the old 
Company hold $27,000 in goods, &c., up the Mis- 
souri River. Subscriptions desired for the remain- 
ing 123,000. 
Feb. 1, 1812. 

M. GUYOL, 

Portrait and miniature painter in oil. Lessons in 
architecture and landscape. 
March 7, 1812. 



124 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

JOSEPH BOUJU, CLOCK AND WATCH MAKER, 

Silver Smith and Jeweler, has just arrived in St. 
Louis, at Mrs. Papin's house opposite Genl. 
Clark's office. He has for sale, Cherry-bounce, 
Katafia de Grenoble, Whisky, etc., etc. A Gig 
and Harness and his keel boat and apparatus. 
April 4, 1812. 

m'NAIE, THOMPSON & CO. 

have just opened in the house of Madame Robi- 
doux, a fresh stock of goods from Philadelphia 
and Pittsburgh. Having a good store and cellars, 
they will receive consignments on Commission and 
Storage. 

May 1, 1812. 

J. E. LAVILLE, 

just from 'New Orleans, has opened a new store in 
Mad'e Chouteau's house. 
May 1, 1812. 

MADAME PESOAY'S PEOSPEOTUS 

for a Boarding and Day Academy for Young 
Ladies in French and English, in Sanguinet's 
house on Second Street. 
May 8, 1812. 

BEETHOLD & PAUL 

have this day dissolved their copartnership by 
mutual consent. Rene Paul will settle the books 
of the late firm. 
June 6, 1812. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 125 

J. SEPTLIVRES AND GEO. TOMPKINS 

have formed a copartnership to open a French 
and English School in St. Lonis on August 7th 
next. 

June 6, 1812. 

DOCT. BERNARD FAREAR 

has opened a Drug and Medicine Store, in St. 
Louis. He has for sale a variety of Spices, Paints 
and Stationery. 

June 27, 1812. 

B. G. PARRAR AND JOS. OHARLESS 

dissolved their copartnership in the drug business on 
the 10th of May last, by mutual consent. 

Jos. Charless will adjust the business. 

July 6, 1812. 

DOCT. SIMPSON 

will practice Medicine and Surgery in the town and 
vicinity of St. Louis. Office lately occupied by 
Fergus Moorhead, in Manuel Lisa's house. 
July 25, 1812. 

DOCTORS FARRAR & WALKER 

have entered into partnership for the practice of 
Medicine, Surgery and Midwifery. They have 
opened a Drug and Medicine store on Main Street, 
below Major Christy's Tavern, adjoining Dangen's 
Silversmith Shop. 
Aug. 29, 1812. 



126 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

HORACE AUSTIN 

has opened a Tavei'ii in the house lately occupied 
by Mad'e Robidoux. 

Good cellars for storage of Whisky. 

Aug. 8, 1812. 

PETER PRIMM 

recommences his tailoring business in the small 
shop next to Mad'e Lecompte's dwelling, opposite 
to Doct. Simpson's drug store. 
Aug. 22, 1812. 

BE PE8TRE, DE MUN & CO. 

close their business in St. Louis. Julius De Mun 
to wind up the affairs of the late firm. 
Sept. 15, 1812. 

THE P08T-0EEICE 

is removed to Doctor Simpson's Drug Store, Main 
street, St. Louis. 
Oct. 1, 1812. 

JOSEPH CHARLESS 

will give one bit a pound for old copper and brass, 
and takes it at that price for debts due the 
printer. 

Sept. 12, 1812. 

SMITH, VON PHUL & CO. 

have dissolved partnership. Smith & Von Phul 
will continue business at their former stand in St. 
Louis. 

Sept. 19, 1812. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 127' 

MADAME PESOAY AWD MICHAEL TESSON 

have dissolved the partnership existing between 
them since February, 1811. Michael Tesson con- 
tinues the business alone. 
Nov. 6, 1812. 

aEOEUE CASNER 

has removed his blacksmith shop to the large shop 
lately occupied by James Baird. 
Nov. 5, 1812. 

EDWARD HEMPSTEAD ANTD DAVID BAETO^T, 



Attorneys at Law. 



Nov. 27, 1812. 



TOUSSAIKT BEKOIT'S 

Baker Shop, north Second street. 



Dec. 5, 1812. 

THE COPARTNERSHIP 

of John Chandler and Alex'r McNair is this day 
dissolved. The business will be carried on in future 
by John Chandler, who will close the accounts of 
the late firm. 
April 13, 1813. 

BEETHOLD & CHOUTEAU 

are just opening a general assortment of Dry- 
Goods, Groceries, Hardware, Crockery, etc. 
April 30, 1813. 



128 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

FAKRAR & WAUEBR'S 

Apothecary Store is removed to Mrs. Chouteau's 
house, opposite to Manuel Lisa's new brick house. 
They have just received from Baltimore a fresh sup- 
ply of medicines. 
May 1, 1813. 

LOCKH art's free EEREY, 

at St. Louis. 
May 1, 1813. 

MRS. JANE RICHARDS 

will open her new school in the house of Manuel 
Lisa on Second street, formerly occupied by Doct. 
Simpson. 
May 7, 1813. 

DOCT. SIMPSON 

has removed his drug store to the former stand of 
Farrar & Walker. 
Aug. 28, 1813. 

THE BANK OE ST. LOUIS 

opened her books for subscriptions to stock on 
Monday, September 20th, 1813. 

JAMES KENNERLT AND JOHN O' FALLON 

have for sale Pickled Pork, Beef, and Flour. 
Oct. 18, 1813. 

JOHN C. SULLIVAN, 

Collector of U. S. Revenue for Missouri. ' 
Jan. 1, 1814. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 129 

GEORGE TOMPKINS 

-declines keeping school any longer ; he will sell 
his furniture, book-case, and a ten-plate stove. 
June 10, 1814. 

GEO. M. KEEMEE, 

just from Philadelphia, with a large stock of 
Boots and Shoes, at Austin's Tavern. 
July 16, 1814. 

PKICE & SHULL 

have purchased the tools, etc., of Burrows & Co., 
and will carry on the Hatters' business at the 
same stand. 
July 16, 1814. 

D. Stewart's 
Nail Factory, Main street, adjoining the store of 
Theo. Hunt. 
Sept. 14, 1814. 

BERNARD PRATTE 

lias just returned from Philadelphia and Baltimore 
with an extensive assortment of Merchandise, for 
sale at low prices. 
May 14, 1814. 

BERTHOLD & CHOUTEAU 

have just brought on from Philadelphia and Balti- 
more a general assortment of Groceries, Dry 
Goods, Queensware, etc., etc., which they will 
«ell low at their old stand on Main street. 
April 30, 1814. 



130 BUSINESS NOTICES. 



JAMES BARLOW, BLACKSMITH, 

at Beard's large shop on Third street. 



I^ov. 12, 1814. 



PETER LINDELL & CO. 



desh'e to close their business here by January 1, 
and request all who have transactions with them, 
to have settled up by that date. 
I^ov. 23, 1814. 

M'KlSriGHT & BEADY 

give notice that they have sold out their stock ot' 
goods, and desire to settle their accounts, as soon 
as possible. 
Dec. 28, 1814. 

DAVID BARTOK 

has quit the practice of law. Matthias McGirk 
will attend to the professional business I have 
undertaken. 
Feb. 3, 1815. 

THE COPAETIsnEESHIP 

of Peter Lindell with Thos. and John Cromwell 
is this day dissolved. Peter Lindell will settle 
the business of said firm. 
March 1, 1815. 

MICHAEL TESSON 

has removed his store across the street to Primm's 
house, next door below Austin's Tavern. 
March 18, 1815. 



BUSINESS KOTICES. 131 

FREDERICK A. BUTI^R 

has just opened a new store of American manu- 
factured goods, next door to Doct. Simpson's, 
formerly the Post-office. 
April 26, 1815. 

J. D. RUSSELL'S 

Chair Factory, on Main street, between Matthew 
Kerr's store and the Post-office. 
May 31, 1815. 

THEODORE HTINT'S 

Tan Yard, in the Town of St. Louis. The highest 
price paid for Raw Hides. 
May 28, 1815. 

JAMES SAWYER 

has opened a Seminary on the Lancasterian System, 
near Major Christy's. 
July 21, 1815. 

WM. L. m'QUIE 

has a hand for sale, at Mr. Chenie's, opposite Genl. 
Pratte's store; three or four thousand gallons of 
Whisky of the best quality, and eight hundred gal- 
lons of High Wines. 
Aug. 11, 1815. 

HENRT S. UEYER, 

Attorney at Law, office in Mr. Brazeau's dwelling 
on Second street, opposite Mrs. Hempstead's. 
Sept. 1, 1815. 



132 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

DOCT. PKYOK QUAKLES 

will practice Medicine and Surgery; his of&ce is 
opposite Mr. Patrick Lee's, Main street. 
Sept. 2, 1815. 

I'OUKD, 

sometime ago in St. Louis, a watch; the owner 
is requested to prove property, pay charges, and 
receive her. Sampson Fiire. 

Sept. 17, 1815. 

BOOTS. PAKKAE & WALKER 

have removed to their new medicine shop. Main 
street, opposite Eene Paul's new stone building. 
Sept. 16, 1815. 

DOCTS. EOb't SIMPSON" AND PETOK QITAELES 

have formed a connection in the Drug and Medicine 
husiness, at the old stand of Doct. Simpson. 
Oct. 1, 1815. 

MAJOR LORENZO AUSTIN, 

at Bellefontaine, advertises deserters from that Post. 
Oct. 15, 1815. 

CHRISTIAN smith's 

new Bakeshop, opposite Mr. Hempstead's office, on 
3rd Cross Street South. 
]S'ov. 11, 1815. 

CENSUS. 

Town of St. Louis, 2,000; County, 5,395. Total, 
7,395. 

Dec. 2, 1815. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 133 

AUGUSTUS CHOUTEAU 

notifies the public, that he will not permit his 
land, adjoining the Court House in the Town of 
St. Louis, to be made use of as a place of burial. 
Oct. 12, 1815. 

DOOT. EOBT. SIMPSON 

is hard run for cash to pay his debts, and will 
sell a number of notes and accounts on reasonable 
terms, particularly to those interested. 

After Jan. 1, they will be offered at auction. 
. Dec. 1, 1815.. 

CHAS. W. HinSTTEK & OO.'S 

'Neyv Store, just opened, from Philadelphia, oppo- 
site Matthew Kerr's Store. 



Dec. 22, 1815. 



JAMES SAWYER 



thanks his patrons for their support of his Sem^ 
nary, and will endeavor to extend its usefulness. 
Dec. 22, 1815. 

JOS. CHAJRLESS, 

at the instance of a number of friends in Ken- 
tucky and Ohio, intending to remove to Missouri 
and Illinois Territories, has opened Books, for 
the Registry and Sale of Lands, Town lots and 
Slaves. Every exertion will be made to render 
the institution worthy of patronage. 
Dec. 28, 1815. 



134 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

THOMAS PEEBLES 

has opened a house of entertainment, sign of the 
Union Hall, formerly known as the Missouri 
Hotel. 

Jany. 27, 1816. 

HOLMES & ELLIOTT 

have just received from Philadelphia a Stock of 
Presh Merchandise, in the stone house on Main 
Street, opposite Matthew Kerr's store. 
Feby. 14, 1816. 

GEO. w. Ferguson's 
Pottery, a large assortment of vessels of every 
description on hand. 
April 19, 1816. 

JOHN DOWLING 

has commenced the Copper and Tin business in 
the rear of Robidou's Store, near Matthew 
Kerr's. 

Jany. 2, 1816. 

MADAME PESCAY'S 

fresh Stock of Goods, in her white house oppo- 
site the Union Tavern. 
April 27, 1816. 

.LILBUEN W. B0GG8 & TH08. HANLX's 

new store adjoining the residence of Grov. Clark 
and opposite McKnight & Brady, large Stock of 
Fresh Goods. 
May 1, 1816. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 135 

A. m'NAIR & JAS. KBinSTEELT 

have dissolved theii^ copartnership by mutual 
consent. The business will be settled by Alex. 
Mc!N"air. 

May 3, 1816. 

SMITH & SPICEE 

have taten the store, recently occupied by McKair 
& Kennerly, and are now opening a general assort- 
ment of Merchandise. 
May 3, 1816. 

THEODORE HUNT 

has just received, and offers for sale at his store, 
two doors below McKnight & Brady's, a general 
assortment of Merchandise. 
May 1, 1816. 

JOSEPH PHIIilPSON'S 

St. Louis Brewery is ready to sell Beer, at $11 per 
barrel or $6 per half barrel. One Dollar deduction 
if the barrel is returned. Retailed at 12 1-2 cents 
per quart at the stores of Silvestre Labbadie and 
Michael Tesson. 
May 25, 1816. 

EVAEIST MAUKY, 

from !N"a8hville, Tennessee, opened a coffee-house 
in the old Sanguinet Mansion, on Second 
Street. 

April, 1816. 



136 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

TIMOTHY ITiINT AND JAS. SAWYEE 

have associated, and will continue their school on 
the Lancasterian System. 
May 30, 1816. 

JAMES SAWYER, 

gives notice that having purchased lot !N^o. 6 
of Col. Chouteau's addition, on which there are 
some graves, and being about to build on the 
same, those who may have friends or relatives 
buried there are at liberty to remove them if 
they think fit. And suggests further that Cham- 
bers, Christy & Co., in their new addition 
of Korth Saint Louis, have set aside a suitable 
lot for a Church and Cemetery to be free to all 
den omin ations . 
May 31, 1816. 

DAVID m'NAIR, 

having obtained the Ferry privilege across the 
Missouri River at St. Charles, will always be ready 
to convey passengers, produce, or merchandise, etc., 
at all hours with safety and despatch. 
April 9, 1816. 

THOMAS HAJSTLY 

has just opened, in the south store of McKnight & 
Brady's new double brick house on Main street, a 
choice assortment of Merchandise. 
June 7, 1816. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 13T 

TIMOTHY KIBBY, TROM ST. CHARLES, 

opened the upper part of this new building as the 
Washington Hall. 

PETER, JOHIf AND JESSE G. LINDELL 

have just received at their store on Main Street, 
next above Henry Yon Phul & Co., a general 
assortment of Merchandise. 
June 8, 1816. 

JOHN KEESAOKER 

has just opened a Barber's Shop on Main Street, 
near Mr. Paul's stone house, and pledges himself 
to give satisfaction in his line. 
June 5, 1816. 

E. MAURY, 

next to Capt. Price's Store, near the Indian Office,, 
has just opened a stock of 'New Merchandise. 
June 14, 1816. 

THOS. E. RIDDICK, AUCTIONEER. 

June 18, 1816. 

H. C. DAVIS 

has opened a Tavern, sign of the (Srreeu Tree, on 
Second Street. 
July 26, 1816. 

JAMES CLEMENS, JR., & CO., 

nearly opposite the P. O., large stock of 'New 
Goods. 
July 20, 1816. 



138 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

JAMES CLEMENS, JR., & CO. 

have removed to the house of Mr. William Smith, 
and have lately received additions to their stock of 
Merchandise. 
Sept. 2, 1816. 

DOCT. ED. S. GANTT 

offers his professional services to the citizens of 
St. Louis and vicinity, at the house lately occupied' 
by Mad'e Lebeau, South Main St. 
Nov. 1, 1816. 

RENE PAUL & CO. 

are now opening in his stone house, a large assort- 
ment of Merchandise, recently purchased in Phil- 
adelphia and Baltimore, 
l^ov. 2, 1816. 

^MITH & SPICE R 

have removed to next door to Davis' Green Tree 
Hotel, 2nd Street. 
Oct. 26, 1816. 

JAMES SAV^^YER 

will undertake the tuition of a few Scholars, in the 
Arts and Sciences, at his residence. 
]^ov. 30, 1816. 

RIDDICK & PILCHER, 

Auctioneers, South Main, a new frame warehouse 
in rear for storage. 
l^OY. 30, 1816. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 139 

JNO. JACOB y's 

Saddle and Harness shop, in Clark's stone row, 
opposite Hunt's Store. 
Dec. 14, 1816. 

JAMES KESnSTEBLY'S STORE, 

in Clark's new brick, a large addition to his stock. 
Dec. 21, 1816. 

JOHN B. HBRPI2Sr & SON, 

l^ew Store, from Philadelphia, in Patrick Lee's 
former stand. South Main Street. 
Dec. 28, 1816. 

STEPHEN K. WIGGINS' 

new Store, with a large Stock of Fresh Goods, 
just from New York, next door to Matthew 
Kerr. 
Jany. 2, 1817. 

SIMPSON & QUAKLES 

have removed their Drugs and Medicines to the 
corner store lately occupied by Eiddick & Pil- 
cher. 

Jany. 4, 1817. 

PATRICK M. DILLON 

has just opened a fresh Stock of Dry Goods, 
Groceries, "Wines, etc., in the house of Peter Chou- 
teau, Sr., JS'orth Main Street. 
Jany. 11, 1817. 



140 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

JOHN little's store, 

two doors below the. Indian Office, a general assort- 
ment of Merchandise. 
Feb. 6, 1817. 

p. M. DILLON 

has removed his Store, to that lately occupied by 
Theo. Hunt, directly opposite Grenl. Clark's Indian 
Office. 

April 2, 1817. 

ALBX'r jST ash's FERRT at ST. LOUIS. 

He has just put on a large Flat and two Keel- 
boats, landing on this side just above the sand 
bar. 

May 9, 1817. 

PORTER, GLASGOW & NIVEN'S 

new Store, with all I^ew Goods, in the place 
recently occupied by Theo. Hunt, Papin's house, 
two doors below " Washington Hall." 
May 10, 1817. 

MOSES SCOTT 

has removed his store to next below Porter,. 
Glasgow & Niven, opposite Clark's Indian 
Office. 

May 9, 1817. 

ROBERT S. LETT 

has opened his Academy on Main Street, next door 
to Mr. Wilt's Store. 
May 27, 1817. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 141 

REV. SALMON GIDDrSTGS, 



^? 



having procured a convenient house, vv^ill open 
his Academy on Jviiie 4th, his prices of tuition 
will be from $4 to $6 per quarter. 
May 29, 1817. 

KENE PAUL & CO. 

have this day dissolved partnership, Rene Paul 
will continue the business alone at his former 
stand. 

June 10, 1817. 

MICHAEL TESSOjST AND JULES PESCAY, 

successors to Patrick Lee, in the Auction and 



Commission Business. 
June 13, 1817. 



Bakers and Grocers, South Main Street. 
June 20, 1817. 

CHAS. E. JEASnSTERET, 

Clock and Watchmaker from Europe, has opened 
his shop in Major Chouteau's house^ ]S"orth Main. 
July 10, 1817. 

REUBEN NEAL, 

Copper and Tin Smith, in house lately occupied 
by Joseph Brazeau, on Second, opposite Edward 
Hempstead. 
July 10, 1817. 



142 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

DOCT. GEO. P. TODSEN 

offers his services in the practice of Medicine, 
Surgery, etc., in Mr. Papin's house, opposite Mr. 
Landreville's stone house. 
July 11, 1817. 

CHAS. W. HTINTER'S 

new Store, from Philadelphia, adjoining Mr. Mat- 
thew Kerr's. 
July 12, 1817. 

SANGUrtsTET & BRIGHT 

have just received and opened, a large and gen- 
eral assortment of Merchandise. 
Jnly 26, 1817. 

A. MEDDOOK & DUTAL'S 

new Store in Dangen's house, lately occupied by 
Moses Scott. A general assortment of Fresh 
Goods. 

July 22, 1817. 

JAMES H. PECK, ATT'y AT LAW, 

from Tennessee, will practice in the Several Courts. 
Aug. 15, 1817. 

M. DETAIifDEBARATZ, 

with fresh goods, just from Philadelphia, has 
opened them at Mrs. Pescay's. 
Aug. 2, 1817. 

DOLAN & m' DANIEL, TAILORS, 

opposite Col. Paul's, Main Street. 
July 7, 1817. ■ 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 143 

CHA8. W. HUNTER 

has removed to the new Stone house, nearly oppo- 
site to Mr. Kerr's Store. 
Aug. 20, 1817. 

ISRAEL B. GRANT, 

Watch and Clock Maker, has opened his shop, next 
door below Mr. Wilt's Store on Main Street, where 
he will carry on the business in all its various 
branches. 
Aug. 30, 1817. 

MR. E. bowling's 

Boarding House, North Main Street, next door 
above Maj. Peter Chouteau's. A large and con- 
venient house, good air and water. 
Sept. 13, 1817. 

M. DETANDEBARATZ 

has removed to the store next below Kerr & Bell's,. 
where C. W. Hunter was. 
Oct. 8, 1817. 

CHAS. WAHRENDORFE 

has just opened, at the store of Perkins & Drips, 
opposite the Post Office, an Assortment of German 
Goods, imported this Spring by himself. 
Oct. 16, 1817. 

BERTHOLD & CHOUTEAU'S 

copartnership expired, and was succeeded by the 
new firm of A. P. Chouteau, Demun «fc J. B. 
Sarpy. 

Oct. 18, 1817. 



144 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

M. DUKOCHER'S 

Dancing School, at the house of Mr. Sanguinet, 
Main Street. 
Oct. 22, 1817. 

EVAEIST MAUEY'S 

Planters Hotel, in the old Gonde building, on 
Second Street, just opposite Major Douglass' 
Office. 

Kov. 7, 1817. 

THOMAS ESTB8, 

at the store lately occupied by Robert Collet, at the 
lower end of Main Street, is authorized to sell 
wholesale or retail, a Stock of about $100,000 worth 
of Assorted Merchandise, 
l^ov. 28, 1817. 

EIOHABDS & QTJARLES' 

Tobacco Manufactory, in .the Cross Street, nearly 
opposite the P. O. 
E'ov. 29, 1817. 

GABRIEL & REKE PAUL'S 

large Stock of Fresh Groods, just opened in 'Rene 
Paul's Stone Store, on Main Street, a complete As- 
sortment of Merchandise. 
Dec. 7, 1817. 

DAVID BARTON^ 

has resigned the Circuit Judgeship, and resumed 
the practice of law. 
Dec. 13, 1817. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 146 

BERISTARD PBATTE 

has removed to his new brick house, between the 
stores of J. Clemens & Smith, Main Street. 
Dec. 10, 1817. 

THOMAS m'GUIKE & CO. 

have opened their store, in the South one of 
M'Knight & Brady's double brick building, just 
opposite Gov. Clark's, lately Moses Scott & Co. 
Dec. 20, 1817. 

STEPHEIf B. WIGGINS' 

Broker and Land Office, and St. Louis Exchange, 
on Main Street, formerly Peeble's Tavern and 
Auction House in rear on River bank.* 
Dec. 20, 1817. 

KBVD. SALMON" GIDDINGS 

will open a school for boys and girls on Monday, 
the 5th, at his new house on the Hill. 
Jany. 3, 1818. 

JAMES mWIN, 

has some new furniture for sale. 
Jany. 3, 1818. 

A. C. VAISrHIKTUM, 

from Amsterdam, will give lessons on Piano and 
Clarionet ; refers to K. Revd. Bishop Dubourg. 
Jany. 23, 1818. 

* The Gazette (vol. fourth) for 1818, 19 aod 20 is missing. I take 
1818 from January 1 to October 7, from my written memoranda, and 
beginning with October 7, 1818, from my printed Gazette of 1818-19. 

10 



146 BUSINESS NOTICES. 



JAMES BRAUD's 



new Stock from Philadelphia, in the house for- 
merly Sergeant Hall's Printing Office. 
Jany. 23, 1818. 

THOMAS ESTES 

removed to the house formerly Peeble's Tavern, and 
since then Stephen E. Wiggin's Store. 
Jany. 30, 1818. 

L. W. BOGGS AND THOMAS HA^STLT 

dissolved partnership. Boggs purchased Hanly'e 
interest. 

Feb. 13, 1818. 

J. H. BOYEE, 

Tailor from Europe, in P. Chouteau's house. 
March 6, 1818. 

EENSHAW & HOFFMAN, 

just from Baltimore, with all new Goods, at Store 
formerly Collett & Daly. 
March 12, 1818. 

GEO. HAMMOND, 

fresh groceries from ISTew Orleans. 
April 10, 1818. 

ISAAC ALLYN'S 

Chair Factory, on Second, next door to Shope's. 
April 17, 1818. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 147 

JOHN BOBB AKD SAML. CABMAIT, 

Bricklayers, etc. 
April 17, 1818. 

DOCT. AETHUE NELSON'S 

professional card. 
April 24, 1818. 

PAUL & WM. AJSTDEESON, 

Commission Merchants, on Front, near the north- 
east half -moon. 
April 24, 1818. 

N. J. MACLOT & CO., 

!N'ew Goods from Philadelphia, opposite the Indian 
Office. 
May 1, 1818. 

ROBERT BAILEY & JOS. JATSTES, 

Builders. 
May 4, 1818. 

JOHSr MULLANPHY 

appointed Julius Demun to transact his business in 
his absence. 
May 8, 1818. 

p. M. dillok's 

new Stock in the Store, lately Jos. Wiggin, oppo- 
site Bank St. Louis. 
May 15, 1818. 

KIMBALL & "ward's 

Eeading Eoom and Punch House. Corner Second 
and Main Cross Street. 
May 15, 1818. 



148 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

THOMPSON P. WILLIAMS & CO., 

in store late Perkins & Drips. 
June 12, 1818. 

t 

DOCT. A. NELSON 

has purchased the Drug business of Simpson & 
Quarles. 
June 19, 1818. 

ANTOINE DANGBN 

has established a Ferry to Oahokia, below [Judge 
Bent's farm. 
June 19, 1818. 

JOHN O. POTTEK, 

Lumber business. 
June 26, 18*18. 

EENSHAW & HOFFMAN, 

removed to Sign of the Plough, opposite to Henry 
Yon Phul & Co. 
July 1, 1818. 

JAMES CLEMENS & CO., 

Main, third door above the Market. 
July 24, 1818. 

HORATIO COZENS, 

Law Office, in Douglass' new brick. 
July 24, 1818. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 149 

SAMUEL R. OBBR, 

large stock new goods, next below CoUett and 
Daly. 

July 31, 1818. 

WM. PROUT & SON, 

New Goods, just opened, in Clark's old Indian 
Office. 
August 19, 1818. 

THE OLD LIVERY STABI^, 

8. e. corner Third and Main Cross Street. 
Aug. 19, 1818. 



Just from 'New York, with IN'ew Goods, at the 
store of Dent and Rearick. 
Sept. 4, 1818. 

JONATHAJSr GUEST, 

has just opened his new goods from Philadelphia, 
in Major Douglass' new brick. 
Sept. 4, 1818. 

CHAS. WAHRENDOREE & CO. 

removed to next below the new Banking House. 
Sept. 11, 1818. 

MADAME PBRDREAUVILLE'S 

Academy for Young Ladies, Music, Dancing, 
French, etc. 
Sept. 18, 1818. 



150 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

KUFUS E ASTON AND KTJFUS PETTTBONE, 

Land Agency Office. 
Sept. 25, 1818. 

HBIfRY W. CONWAY & OO. 

offer $300 reward for their clerk, Geo. R. Robert- 
son, who absconded from their store with a large 
amount of money and notes. 

Nimrod H. Moore adds $100 to the reward. 

Sept. 25, 1818. 

JONATHAN GUEST 

removed to Pratte's Warehouse. 
Sept. 25, 1818. ' 

H. VON PHUL & CO., OF ST. XiOUIS, 

William Morton, Jno. S. Sue ad, & Henry Yon 
Phul dissolved partnership. 
Oct. 7, 1818. 

EEVD. ME. NIEL'S 

academy for young gentlemen, at the house of 
Mr. Alvarez. 
Oct. 23, 1818. 

CHARLES BILLON, 

Clock and Watch Maker, from Philadelphia, in 
Dangen's house. 
l^ov. 10, 1818. 

HENRY GULAGER, 

Clock and Watch Maker, in Clark's row. 
Nov. 5, 1818. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 151 

JOSEPH C. LAVEILLE, 

Architect and Builder. 
March 20, 1818. 

HASTINGS AND STIMPSON'S 

Store, Main Street, in Collet's brick. 
March 29, 1818. 

sam'l r. obek, 

next below Hastings and Stimpson's. 
March 29, 1818. 

THOMAS HANLY 

removed to his new brick on the river bank. 
Dec. 1, 1818. 

KENE AND GABEIEL PAUL, 

dissolution. Gabriel Paul continues Auction and 
Commission. 
lS[ov. 11, 1818. 

THEODORE HIHSTT'S 

Tan Yard, South Second. 
Jany. 1, 1819. 

DOCT. GEBEKT, 

from France, at Mrs. Benoist's house. 
Jany. 1, 1819. 

DOCT. W. OAKR LANE'S 

oflBce on Third, late Eeed's. 
Jany. 4, 1819. 



152 business notices. 

dueocher's dancing school, 

his last ball on the 26th inst. 
Jany. 14, 1819. 

PETER HALDEMAN & CO.'S 

"Warehouse, on Church Street. 
Jany. 15, 1819. 

JAMES AND GEO. H. KBNNERLY'S 

Store in Clark's brick house. 
Jany. 15, 1819. • 

DENT & REARICK'S 

"Warehouse. 
Jany. 22, 1819. 

JOSEPH WHITE & CO., 

Hatters, next below Hull's grocery. 
Feby. 3, 1819. 

CHOUTEAU & SARPY 

removed their store to next to the old Indian 
Office. 
Jany. 29, 1819. 

GABRIEL PAUL'S 

Auction Room, in his new brick house. 
Feb. 9, 1819. 

NELSON & HOFFMAN'S 

new Drug Store, in Simpson's new brick, opposite 
the Post-office. 
Feb. 9, 1819. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 153 



CHRISTIAN JOSD ANDREW WILT'S 



new firm, in Christian Wilt's old store. 



Feb. 10, 1819. 



TUTTLE & TELLER, 



Drugs and Medicines, new brick below Collet's. 
Feb. 10, 1819. 

ABRAHAM BECK'S 

Law Office, Second Street next to the Gazette 
Office. 
Feb. 16, 1819. 

JAMES ARNOLD, SR., 

Wines, &c., in Bosseron's cellar. 
March 5, 1819. 

JOHN R. GUT, 

100,000 Shingles and Lime. 
March 29, 1819. 

RBNSHAW & HOFFMAN 

have removed to next door north. 
April 7, 1819. 

DOCTS. NELSON & HOFFMAN 

have removed to the late stand of Renshaw & 
Hoffman. 

April 20, 1819. 

CHARLES W. HUNTER 

removed into Matthew Kerr's late stand. 
May 18, 1819. 



154- BUSINESS NOTICES. 

MICHAEL AlTD FRANCIS TESSON, 

copartnership, general assortment. 
June 2, 1819. 

DOCT. GEO. P. TODSEN'S 

office, in Perras' house, Second Street. 
June 9, 1819. 

THOS. COLiLET & MICHAEL DALY, 

dissolved. Daly formed a copartnership with Mad- 
ame Pescay. 
June 9, 1819. 

Large stock of Pittsburgh porter and ale, opposite 
Bank of St. Louis. 
June 9, 1819. 

JOSEPH WIGGIN 

removed to l^o. 2 in Chouteau's row. 
June 23, 1819. 

JULIUS DEMUN, AGENT FOR JNO. MULLANPHY, 

new Stock in Lisa's new house, opposite Enquirer 
Office. 

June 30, 1819. 

DAVID W. TUTTLE 

removed to No. 3, Chouteau's row. 
July 24, 1819. 

JAMES TIMON & SON, 

new Store, next to Riddick's Auction. 
Aug. 4, 1819. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 155 

DAVID E. CUTLER 

has a lot of goods for sale at Dillon's new brick 
Store. 
Aug. 11, 1819. 

ROBERT LOGAN, 

Clock and Watch Maker, Bouju's old stand. 
Aug. 11, 1819. 

ISAAC H. GRIFFITH, 

Architect and Builder. 
Aug. 11, 1819. 

JOSEPH BOUJU, JEWELLER, &C., 

in his new frame, opposite Paul's Auction. 
Aug. 18, 1819. 

CRANE & beck's 

Western Land Agency. 
Sept. 8, 1819. 

ALEXIS AMELIN'S 

new ferry over the River. 
Sept. 15, 1819. 

REV'd FRANCIS NIEL 

reopens his school, second year. 
Sept. 15, 1819. 

SOLOMON MIGNERON'S, 

Gun Smith's Shop. 
Sept. 15, 1819. 

JOHN SARRADE'S 

Confectionery, Main Street. 
Sept. 29, 1819. 



156 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

JOHN BOUDON'S 

Dancing School. 
Oct. 27, 1819. 

PEEDERICK WHITE, 

Attorney at Law. 
Oct. 27, 1819. 

AMOS WHEELER, 

Attornej'^ and Counsellor at Law. 
ISTov. 17, 1819. 

THEO. PAPIN & JOS. LAMOUEEtrX, 

having purchased the Stock of Maclot & Co., 
will continue the business in G-ratiot's Stone 
Store. 
Dec. 8, 1819. 

GEOKGE CASNEK'S 

new Livery Stable and Blacksmith Shop, adjoining 
Mount's Carriage Shop. 
December, 1819. 

THE POST-OEEICE, 

removed by the new Post Master, Col. Elias Rec- 
tor, to the old Stone Mansion of Mrs. Chouteau. 
Dec. 8, 1819. 

CHARLES BILLON, 

removed to his new establishment, North Main, 
at the comer opposite the old Gratiot Mansion. 
Dec. 23, 1819. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 157 

WM. M. O'HAKA & CO., 

Exchange Bank, 'Ho. 1 of Col. Chouteau's brick 
row. 

Dec. 23, 1819. 

THOS. E8TES, 

removed to No. 2 of Col. Chouteau's new brick 
row, South Main Street. 
Dec. 29, 1819. 

CASTILLO & UILHULY' S 

store in Becquet's old house. South Main Street. 
Jan. 5, 1820. 

JOS. HERTZOG, 

from Philadelphia, will continue the business of 
C. & A. Wilt, at same place. 
Jan. 19, 1820. 

MISS P. LEFAVKE, 

French and English Academy for Young Ladies. 
Jan. 26, 1820. 

DOCT, BICHARD MASON, 

from Philadelphia, in Bosseron's brick house. 
Feb. 2, 1820. 

JOHN HOLBEOOK, 

Boots and Shoes. 
Feb. 8, 1820. 

aiLHULY AND OUMMINS' STOKE, 

in McKnight & Brady's old store, North Main. 
March 8, 1820. 



158 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

MRS. gay's 

boarding house, upper part of McKnight and 
Brady's double brick. 
March 8, 1820. 

HERMAN L. HOITMAK, 

removed to third house north of the Bank, sign 
" Golden Sun Shines equally upon all." 
April 5, 1820. 

JOSEPH Am) FRANCIS ROBIDOU 

removed their Store to Papin's brick house. 
April 8, 1820. 

m'kenna & CO., 

Tailors, from IS'ew York. 
April, 1820. 

CHARLES WAHEENDOEJFF & CO. 

have dissolved partnership. 
April 10, 1820. 

EDWARD m'mANUS' 

Juvenile School, at Mrs. Papin's house. 
April 10, 1820. 

JOHN SHACKFORD & CO., 

Chouteau's row, third house. 
" April 19, 1820. 

OLIVER HOLMES, SURGEON DENTIST, 

from Baltimore. 
April 26, 1820. 



BUSINESS NOTICES. 159 

JOHN SIMONDS, SB., 

has taken the Green Tree tavern. 
April 26, 1820. 

THOS. ESSEX & OHAS. E. BEYISTEOTH, 

Books and Stationery. 
April 26, 1820. 

TRACT & WAHRENDOKFP 

have associated, in the old stand of Wahrendorff. 
May 3, 1820. 

SAMUEL E. "WIGGINS' 

new Team Boat Ferry, l!^orth Levee. 
May 11, 1820. 

RENSHAW & HOEEMAK, 

Auctioneers, at the old Stand. 
May 12, 1820. 

RIDDICK & HONEY, 

Auctioneers, at'Kiddick's old stand. 
May 30, 1820. 

NATHANIEL D. PATNE'S 

new Store in Mrs. A. P. Chouteau's house. 
May 30, 1820. 

GEORGE BURCHMORb'S 

new Store, in Belcour's Stone Corner. 
Aug. 9, 1820. 



160 BUSINESS NOTICES. 

PAUL & rsruRAM, 

from Philadelphia, 'No. 1, Chouteau's row. 
Aug. 17, 1820. 

NEAL & LIGGETT, 

copper and tin shop, South Main. 
Aug. 17, 1820. 

T. 6KIMSLEY & WM. STAKK, 

Saddlers and Harness Makers. 
Aug. 23, 1820. 

GILES AND JOHN SAMUEL, 

Merchants, in E. Paul's corner. 
Aug. 23, 1820. 

DOCT. BEENAKD FAEBAK'S 

residence, in Carr's brick house, South Main. 
Sept. 13, 1820. 

DOCT. kelson's RESIDENCE, 

Main Street, lower end. 
Sept. 13, 1820. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 



BEIXG BRIEF NOTICES OF INDIVIDUALS WHO WERE 
MORE OR LESS PROMINENT IN THEIR DAY. 



The Bench and Bak 
of St. Louis, from 1804 to 1821. 

During the forty years of the French and Span- 
ish dominations in upper Louisiana, there were no 
Lawyers in the country, there being no courts 
requiring the profession, and consequently but 
little litigation. 

Under the laws of these countries, the Governor 
of their respective colonies, exercised the functions 
of Judge and Jury, heard the statement of each 
party litigant, supported by their proofs, and then 
gave their decision in the matter, no doubt con- 
scientiously, and their decision.s were always 
acquiesced in by the parties litigant. 

After the transfer of the 'Eastern or Ilhnois 

country to the British in 1765, Courts of Justice 

were gradually introduced, and the first Lawyer 

in the Territory was John Rice Jones, who came 

n (161) 



162 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

to KaskasMa in 1787, and in after years after the 
transfer to the United States' of the Louisiana 
side, removed to St. Louis, where he died in 
1824. 

The next one we read of was Isaac Darneil, 
who also came from the other side to this about 
1807, but soon went back again to Illinois. 





Dates of 




Names. 


Arrival. 


Died. 


John Rice Jones . . 


1796 


Jany. 23, 1824. 


Wm. C. Carr . . . 


1804 


March 31, 1851. 


Rufus Easton . . . 


1804 


July 5, 1834. 


Edward Hempstead . 


1804 


Aug. 9. 1817. 


John Scott .... 


1804 


1861. 


John B.C. Lucas . . 


1805 


1842. 


Charles Lucas . 


1805 


Sept. 27, 1817. 


William Lucas . 


1805 




Henrj^ M. Breckenridge 1810 




James A. Graham 


1810 ■ 


Dec, 1811. 


Robert "Wash 


1810 


^ov. 29, 1856. 


Charles S. Hempstead 


1811 




David Barton . . . 


1812 


1837. 


Joshua Barton . . . 


1812 


June 29, 1823. 


Edward Bates . . . 


1814 


March 25, 1869. 


Matthias M'Girk . . 


1814 


1841. 


Alexander Gray . . 


1815 


Aug. 1, 1823. 


Henry S. Geyer . . 


1815 


March 5, 1859. 


Thomas H. Benton . 


1815-16 


April 18, 1858. 


Robert P. Earris . . 


1815-16 


Dec. 17, 1830. 


Luke E. Lawless . . 


1816-17 


Sept. 3, 1846. 



THE 


PHVISICIANS. 
Dates of 




Names. 


Arrival. 


Died. 


Horatio Cozens 


. 1817 


July 13, 1826. 


Eleazer Block . . 


. 1817-18 




Eufus Pettibone . 


. 1818 


July 31, 1825, 


James Hawkins Peck 


. 1818 


1837. 


A. L. Magenis . 


. 1818 


Feb., 1848. 


Fi'ancis Carr . . 


. 1818-19 


Sept., 1821. 


D. B. Wright . . 


. 1820 




Frederick VVliite . 


. 1819 




Henry Shurlds . 


. 1819 


Aug. 2, 1852. 


Abraham Beck 


. 1819 


Sept. 4, 1821. 


Amos Wheeler 


. 1819 


June 8, 1822. 


Joeiah Spalding 


. 1819-20 




D. H. Conrad . . 


. 1820 




George P. Strother 


. 1820 


N"ov. 28, 1840 



163 



The PHYSiciAjiTS 
of the territorial days of St. Louis. 

In our Annals of the French days we have 
enumerated the half dozen physicians, who suc- 
ceeded each other in the little village in that 
period, the last of whom, Doct. Saugrain, came 
here in the year 1800. He appears to have had 
no competition in the profession for several years. 

Our first American physician of whom we find 
any record was Doct. Bernard Gr. Farrar, 1807. 



16i BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Dates of 
Names. Arrival. Died. 



Bernard Gr. Farrar 


1807 


1849. 


J. M. Eead .... 


1811 




Robert Simpson . 


1812 


May 2, 1873. 


David Y. Walker . . 


1812 


April 9, 1824. 


Pryor Quarles . . . 


1815 


Oct. 15, 1821. 


Edward S. Gantt . . 


181(3 




Geo. P. Todsen . . 


1817 




Arthur J^elson . . . 


1818 




Herman L. Hoffman . 


1819 


Nov. 5, 1878. 


Richard Mason 


182U 


April 11, 1824 


Louis C. Beck . . . 


1819 




Wm. Carr Lane 


1819 


Jan'y 6, 1863. 


Sam'l G. J. Decamp . 


1819-20 




Paul M. Gebert . . 


1819-20 IS'ov. 20, 1826. 


Zeno Fenn .... 


1820 


Dec, 1824. 


Samnel Merry . . . 


1820 


March, 1865. 


Edward C. Carter . . 


1820 




Joseph Williams . . 


1820 




Doct. Lemignon. 







AUGUSTE OIIOUTBAU, SEjST'e, 

was born in IS'ew Orleans, Sept. 26, 1750, came 
up with Laclede in 1764, and materially assisted 
him in establishing the new Post. ' 

When Laclede died in 1778, he succeeded him 
as the most important individual in the place, as 
one of its founders. 

At the transfer of the country to the United 
States in 1804, he was, from his wealth and 



MRS. AUGUSTE CHOUTEAU. 165 

position, perhaps the most prominent individual in 
the village, and filled tinder the new government 
several important positions at various times. 

In 1804, at the first organization of the Terri- 
torial Courts, he was appointed Presi-ding Justice 
of the Court of " Oyer and Terminer." 

In 1808, at the organization of the militia of 
the Territory, Gov'r M. Lewis appointed him the 
Colonel of the St. Louis Regiment.* 

In 1809, at the first election of Trustees for the 
Town of St. Louis, he was chosen President of the 
Board. 

Subsequently he was a Commissioner of the 
United States in negotiating several important 
treaties with Indian tribes, etc. 

Auguste Chouteau was married on July 27th, 
1786 to Miss Therese, daughter of Gabrjel Cerre, 
an old Fur Merchant. He died Feb. 24th, 1829, 
aged 78 years and 5 months. 

His widow continued to occupy the old "Family 
Mansion" on Main Street, in the centre of the 
Town, until 1836, when at the suggestion of her 
children, she built for herself a residence on the 
hill and covered the block with thirty-two three- 
story brick business houses, which she divided 
amongst her children and grandchildren. 

She died August 14, 1842, aged 72 years, HVa 
months, two months after the death of her third 
and last daughter, Mrs. Major Thos. F. Smith. 



* This was how he became a Colonel, at nearly sixty years of age, 
previously only a plain " Mister." 



166 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

They were the parents of nine children, of whom 
four sons and three daughters attained maturity. 

AUGUSTUS AKISTIDE CHOUTEAU, 

the eldest son of Col. Augustus Chouteau, was 
born Oct. 21, 1792, in St. Louis, and was 
married June 10, 1810, to Miss Constance San- 
guinet, daughter of Charles Sanguinet, Sr. He 
died about 1833-34 at the Indian Trading Post 
of his cousin, Aug's P. Chouteau, on the Ver- 
digris branch of the Arkansas River, about five 
miles from Fort Gribson, in the then Cherokee, 
now Indian Territory, aged about 41 years. 

His children were : 

Augustus Rene, born in 1811, who married Miss 
Rebecca Sefton ISTov. 23, ]836, and died without 
issue lato in 1847, aged 36 years. 

Edward A., born Dec. 26, 1814, who married 
Miss Elizabeth I. Christy August 8, 1849, and 
died Jany. 1, 1864, aged 59 years, leaving a son 
and two daughters. 

Virginia C, born June 16, 1816, married to 
Joseph C. Barlow March 8, 1836. She died Aug. 
11, 1855, aged 39 years. 

GABRIEL SYLVBSTRE CHOUTEAU, 

the second son of Col. Chouteau, was born Dec. 
31, 1794, in St. Louis, and except for a few 
years when a youth, that he was at the Cath- 
olic College at Bardstown, Ky., to complete 
his education, he spent the whole of his long life 
in St. Louis, superintending the operations of the 



HENRY P. CHOUTEAU. 167 

old Chouteau Mill, at Hickory and IsTinth Streets, 
until after 1853, when the Mill-pond being- di^ained 
by the City authorities, the old Mill ceased its 
labors and became a thing of the past. 

Mr. G. S. Chouteau died June 18, 1887, having 
attained the unusual age of 92 years, 6 months. 
He left the bulk of his large landed estate to the 
children of his brothers and sisters. 

HENRY p. CHOUTEAU, 

the third son of Col. Chouteau, was born in St. 
Louis, Feb. 11, 1805, and completed his education 
at the Catholic College on Second Street in this 
City. 

At the death of Silas Bent, Sr., in December, 
1827, Mr. Chouteau, then in his 23d year, was ap- 
pointed to succeed him in the office of Clerk of the 
County Court and Recorder of St. Louis County. 
This position he filled for fourteen years, until 
Jany. 1, 1842, when he embarked into business 
as a merchant, and established the house of 
Chouteau & Riley, afterwards changed to Chou- 
teau & Valle. 

Mr. Chouteau was married on July 10, 1827, to 
Miss Clemence Coursault, from Baltimore, a niece 
of his two brothers-in-law, Grabriel and Rene Paul. 
He lost his life at the Gasconade disaster Nov. 
1, 1855, at the age of 50 years, 8 months and 21 
days, one of the thirty victims of that awful cat- 
astrophe. His widow survived him a few years, 
she died Oct. 6, 1859, aged 49 years and 9 months. 



168 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Their oldest son, Henry A., born IS'ov. 24, 1830, 
died Oct. 10, 1851, in his 24th year, the result 
of an accident, leaving a young widow and two 
children. Another son, ISTorbert Sylvestre, born 
May 17, 1841, died unmarried, Oct. 31, 1883. 

Their oldest child, Aglae, born in 1828, is the 
widow of the late IS'ere Valle, the former business 
partner of his father-in-law ; she has two married 
daughters, Mrs. John A. j!)illon, of St. Louis, and 
Mrs. Randolph, of Tallahassee, Florida. 

Corinne, born in August, 1843, is the wife of Jno. 
N. Dyer, St. Louis. 

Beatrice, born in October, 1847, is the wife of 
Jno. O'Fallon Clark, St. Louis. 

Lillia Clemence, born in June, 1850, is the wife 
of John S. Winthrop, of Florida. 

And one surviving son, Joseph Gilman Chouteau 
of this place, born in 1836. 

JOHN PIEEKB O'HOUTEAU, SR., 

was born in New Orleans, Oct. 10, 1758, and 
arrived in St. Louis in September, 1764, at the 
age of six years. 

His earliest years of manhood, and a portion of 
his prime, were devoted to the Indian trade, in 
which he laid the foundation of his fortune. His 
trading post was at the head waters of the Osage 
river, in the region of country occupied by the 
Osage tribes, with which and the neighboring 
nations, the Kansas, Pawnees and others, his trade 
was chiefly confined, and over whom, fi'om his 



MAJOR JOHN PIERRE CHOUTEAU. ] 69 

conciliatory course, he had acquired great influence. 
They held him in great esteem and regarded 
him as their father, always calling him by that 
familiar title. 

Some few years after we had received possession 
of the country, Major Chouteau, then al)Out fifty 
years of age, abandoned the active pursuit of the 
Indian trade, and devoted his attention to other 
matters, dealing largely' in landed property, through 
which he added materially to his acquisitions. 
Like his elder brother Auguste, he soon acquired 
promuience with the Americans, was appointed 
Major of the St. Louis battalion of militia, and 
held other positions, a member of the Town 
Council, Sub Indian-Agent for his old friends, the 
Osages, etc., etc. 

Major Chouteau was twice married : 

First. On July 26, 1783, to Pelagic Kiersereau, 
who died Feb. 9, 1793, after ten years' marriage, 
at the age of 26 years, leaving four children, 
three sons and one daughter. 

After a year's widowhood, Mr. Chouteau mar- ■ 
ried a second wife. Miss Brigitte Saucier, of 
Cahokia, on Feb. 14, 1794. This lady died oii May 
18, 1829, after thirtj^-five years of married life, 
leaving five sons. Major Chouteau survived this 
second wife over twenty years. He died July 10, 
1819, aged 90 years and 9 months. 

Children of Major John Pierre Chouteau ; 
Augustus?., born May 9, 1786, married Sophie 
A. Labbadie, Feb. 15, 1809. 



170 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Pierre, Jr., born Jan. 19, 1789, married Emilie 
<3-ratiot, June 15, 1813. 

Paul Liguest, born Oct. 30, 1792, married Con- 
stance Dubreuil, Feb. 11, 1813. 

Pelagie, born Oct. 7, 1790, married Bartholomew 
Berthold, Jan. 10, 1811. 

Francis G., born Feb. 7, 1797, married Berenice 
Menard, July 12, 1819. 

Cyprian, born Oct. 1, 1802, married, and died 
Feb. 1, 1879, aged 77 years. 

Louis Pharamond, born Aug. 18, 1806, died un- 
married, May 28, 1831, aged 25 years. 

Charles, born Feb. 2, 1808. 

Frederic, born Oct. 16, 1809. 

Children of Augustus P. Chouteau, the first son : 

Sophie, born 1813, was married to IS^. N. De- 
menil. 

Susanne, born 1815, was married to Louis E. 
Cortambert. 

Marie Antoinette, born 1816, was married to E. 
, J. Watson. 

Pierre Sylvestre, born 1819, was married to Miss 
Alvarez. 

Virginia, born 1826, was married to John G. 
Priest. 

Pelagie, Augustine, Marie E., Louis and Aimee 
died single, some of them young. 

Aug's P. Chouteau died at his Trading Post 
in Arkansas, in 1839, aged 53, and Mrs. A. P. 
Chouteau in St. Louis, Sept. 5, 1862, aged 72 
years and 6 mos. 



FRANCIS G. CHOUTEAU. 171 

Children of Pierre Chouteau, Jr., the second 
son : 

Emilie, born Feb. 13, 1814, married to John F. 
A. Sanford. 

Julie, born Feb. 28, 1816, married to William 
Maffit. 

Pien-e Charles, boi'n Dec. 25, 1817, died an infant 
in 1818. 

Charles P., born Dec. 2, 1819, married to Julia 
A. Gratiot. 

Benj. Wilson, born Aug. 17, 1822, died an in- 
fant. 

Pierre Chouteau, Jr., died Oct. 6, 1865, in his 
77th year. 

Mrs. P. Chouteau, died 1863, aged 70 years. 

Children of Paul L. Chouteau, third son : 

Augustus L., born April 22, 1815. 

Alexander, born Feb. 10, 1818. 

Charles Louis, born March 7, 1819. 

Charles Liguest, born 1821. 

Mrs. P. L. Chouteau died in St. Louis, January 
3d, 1824. 

Mr. P. L. Chouteau marxried a second wife. 
Miss Aurora Hay, daughter of John Hay, Esq., 
of Belleville, Ills., Nov. 3, 1830. 



Children of Francis Gr. Chouteau, the fourth 

n:* 

Edmund Francis, born Feb. 13, 1821. 



son : * 



* All born in Kansas City, of which place he was the founder, and for 
many years the sole resident. 



172 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Louis Amede, born Feb. 27, 1825. 
Louis Sylvestre, born Feb. 14, 1827. 
Benjamin, born Dec. 25, 1828. 
Odille, born Jan'y 8, 1837. 

Children of Charles P. Chouteau, only son of 
Pierre, Jr. : 

Emily, born Oct. 1, 1846, married Mr. Henshaw. 

Pierre, born July 30, 1849, married to Miss 
Chauvin. 

Il^annie, born Jan'y 4, 1856, married to Lieut. 
Johnson, U. S. Army. 

Henry, born, Oct. 12, 1857. 

Marie Julie, born Feb. 28, 1873. 



GEN'L CHAKLES GRATIOT, 

the eldest son of Charles Gratiot, Sr., and Yic- 
toire Chouteau, was born in St. Louis Aug't 29, 
1786. In 1804 he was appointed to the Military 
Academy at West Point, from which he grad- 
uated in 1806, and was assigned to the Corps of 
Engineers as Second Lieuten't in October, 1806. 
Li 1808 promoted to Captain. Feb'y, 1815, 
Major. Lieut. -Colonel in March, 1819. Colonel, 
and Engineer in Chief in May, 1828. 

General Gratiot served thi'oughont the war of 
1812-15, on the Western frontier, he built Fort 
Gratiot at the foot of Lake Huron, in Michigan, 
planned and superintended the ei'ection of Fortress 
Monroe, where he was stationed many years, 




o 

hi 



o i 

Pi 
"A 



OOL. HENRY GRATIOT. 173 

and was retired from the Army in December, 
1838. 

He married in Philadelphia, April 22, 1810, Miss 
Anil Belin, born in 1799. They were the 
parents of two daughters. 

Mary Victoria, born Feb'y 17, 1820, who mar- 
ried InTov. 1, 1837, C. F. F. DeMontholon, from 
France. 

Julia Augusta, born Sept. 24, 1824, married 
K'ov. 27, 1845, to Charles P. Chouteau, of St. 
Louis. 

Gen. Grratiot died in Washington City. 

Mrs. Gen. Gratiot in St. Louis, Dec. 26, 1886, 
aged 87 years, 

COL. HENKY GRATIOT, 

the second son of Charles Gratiot, Sr., was born 
in St. Louis, April 25th, 1789, and when a young 
man built a house and improved a farm on his 
father's league square on the King's Highway, 
five miles from the Town, where he lived for some 
years, previous to and after his marriage. He was 
married Jan'y 21, 1813, to Miss Susan, born in 
Hebron, Connecticut, Feb'y 20, 1797, youngest 
daughter of Capt. Stephen Hempstead, Sr., and 
continued to reside in St. Louis for some years, 
the most of their children being born here. 

In 1825, with his brother John P. B. Gratiot, he 
went with the rush to the " Fevre Kiver" lead 
mines at Galena, 111., and established themselves, at 
the place named after them "Gratiot's Grove" 



174 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

fifteen miles from Galena in ""Wisconsin," wher* 
they were for a number of years extensively en 
gaged in the smelting of lead ore. In after years 
Col. Gratiot relinquished the " lead business," am 
turned his attention to farming, being at same 
time Indian-Agent. 

Early in 1836 important pnblic business callec 
him to Washington, which having accomplished 
he had just started on his return home, when h( 
died very suddenly at Barnum's Hotel, Baltimore, 
April 27, 1850, at the age of 47 years. Hi« 
widow survived him a number of years, and diec 
June 2, 1854, aged 57 years and 3 months. 

Their children were : 

Charles H., born in 1814, married, had several 
children, died in 1883 at Gratiot. 

Edward H., born June 19, 1817, married, had 
5 or 6 children, died Dec, 1882, at Platteville. 

Mary, born in 1821, died a young woman, un- 
married. 

Susan, born in 1819, married Mr. Child, died 
Dec, 1843, aged 24. 

Henry A., born in 1823, lives in California. 

Adelle, born in 1827, married to E. B. Wash- 
burne, died in 1887, aged 60. 

Stephen H., died in Washington in 1864, 

Eliza, died young. 

JOHN p. B. GEATIOT, 

the third son of Charles Gratiot, Sen'r, was born 
in St. Louis, Feb. 19, 1799, and completed hit 
education at the College at Bardstown, Kentucky 



PAUL B. GRATIOT. 175 

in 1818. On ISTovember 18, 1819, he married Miss 
Marie Antoinette Adelle Perdreauville, a young- 
lady from Paris, whose parents had left France 
after the abdication of ISTapoleon, succeeding the 
battle of Waterloo. In 1825, with his Brother 
Henry, he went to the lead mines near Galena, 
Illinois, where he was engaged in smelting lead 
mineral for a number of years. About the year 

he came back to St. Louis, removed to 

Washington County and settled on a farm, repre- 
senting that County in the Legislature in . 

He had a large family of five sons and four 
daughters . 

His oldest daughter, Antoinette, married Edward 
Hempstead, of Arkansas. 

His other daughters were Adele, Marie and 
Mimmie. 

His sons were Kene, Theodore, Julius, Adolph 
and Charles, some of them are married. 

He died in St. Louis in the summer of 1876, at 
the age of 77 years. 

PAUL B. GRATIOT, 

the fourth son of Charles G-ratiot. Sen'r, was born 
March 13, 1800, and returned from College at 
Bardstown, Kentucky, with his brother John in 
1818. He was employed as a clerk in the house 
of Berthold & Chouteau for some few years. In 
1823 he entered into an engagement with the 
American Fur Company to act as a clerk of tht- 
company in the Fur trade of the upper Missouri. 



176 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Ill 1825, June 6, he was married to Miss Vir- 
ginia, daughter of Mr. Charles Billon, dec'd, from 
Philadelphia, and their first child, a sou, was born 
oil April 3, 1828. On the expiration of his engage- 
ment with the Far Company, he removed with his 
family to Grratiot's Grove, where his brothers Henry 
and John were smelting lead, and engaged in 
mining for a few years. In 1832 he returned to 
St. Louis, and removed out to his farm, a part 
of his father's " league square," five miles from 
the City, now Cheltenham, where he lived the 
balance of his life. 

In 1851-53 one of the Judges of the County 
Court. 

He died in 1854, in his 55th year, and Mrs. P. 
M. Gratiot IS'ov. 29, 1871, aged 66 years, 7 months. 

Their children: 

Charles B., born April 3, 1828, married to 
Edith Thornburg. 

Henry Terry, born July 3, 1830, unmarried. 

Victoria Sophia, born March 10, 1832, died a 
young woman. 

John Sarpy, born Feb. 2, 1834, died young. 

Isabella Deinun, born Aug. 25, 1836, died young. 

Adolph Paul G., born Oct. 9, 1838, married to 
Miss Caroline Graham. 

Theresa M., born April 15, 1841. 

Paul Benjamin, born Aug. 10, 1847. 



HERCULANEUM. 177 



JOHN NICHOLAS MAOLOT, 



was born in the City of Metz, Loraine, France, 
June 18, 1767, he was the son of John Maclot 
de Cohgny and Anne Marguerite Francoise Joly 
de Morney. When a young man about of age, 
he came to Paris during the troublous times pre- 
ceding the breaking out of the Revohition, and 
soon found himself one of the hundreds that 
were almost daily incarcerated in the Bastile for 
their political views and sentiments. After a brief 
imprisonment he obtained his release and im- 
mediately left France and crossed over to London. 
Here having been always fond of jewelry, he 
learnt the business as a means of support, and 
worked at it for some years, he then , crossed the 
Ocean to the United States and spent some years 
in Philadelphia. 

In the year 1804 he came to St. Louis with a 
Stock of Groods and embarked in Mercantile 
business. 

On August 16, 1806, Mr. Maclot was married 
to Miss Marie Therese, third daughter of Mr. 
Charles Gratiot, Sr. 

Early in the year 1809, after the Town of 
Herculaneum, thirty-two miles below St. Louis, 
in Jefferson County, had been laid out by Austin 
and Bates and had gotten a start, Mr. M. com- 
menced the erection on the high cliff at the south 
end of the village, of a tower for the manufacture 
of patent shot and bar lead, the first shot works 



12 



178 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

west of the Alleghany mountains. The works 
were sufficiently advanced to commence making 
shot in IS^oyember of the same year 1809. 

In 1811, his works being completed and in suc- 
cessful operation, Mr. Maclot purchased a farm 
adjoining his lead works, built a good residence 
on it, and removed his wife and young children to 
that place so as to oversee his business. He 
remained here nearly four years. In the winter 
of 1814-15, his wife being extremely ill, to obtain 
better service and attention, he took her down to 
St. Genevieve by water, then the only means of 
conveyance. Mrs. M. died there Feb. 26, 1815, 
aged 27 years, leaving two little daughters, one 
Julia Zelina, born April 13, 1808, then nearly 7 
years of age ; the other, Virginia Elizabeth, born 
July 23, 1814, about seven months. 

After the death of Mrs. M., Mr. Maclot left the 
two children with their grandparents, the Gra- 
tiots, in St. Louis, and descended to ISTew Orleans 
on his way around to Philadelphia. 

The oldest child, when at a suitable age, was 
married to Henry A. Thomson, U. S. Army, at 
Baltimore, both deceased, leaving a number of chil- 
dren. 

The youngest, Virginia, married Jan'y 31, 
1837, to Peter A. Berthold, St. Louis, 

In 1819 Mr. John N. Maclot married a second 
wife in Phil'a, Emelie Mathieu, born Feb. 15, 
1791, then 28 years of age. 

Their only son, Louis A., born l^ov. 16, 1821, 



SYLVESTEE LABBADIB. 179 

died Dec. 16, 1865, at Davenport, Iowa, aged 44, 
unmarried.* 

John N". died April 16, 1849, at Davenport, Iowa, 
aged 83 years. 

Mrs. Jno. :N". died Jan'y 26, 1872, at St. Louis, 
aged 81. 

They raised two daughters to become married 
ladies, both now deceased, Mrs. Wallace and Mrs. 
Weston. 



SILVESTEE LABBADIE, JR., 

son of Silvestre Labbadie, Sr., from France, and 
Pelagie Chouteau, was born in St. Louis, Oct. 
15, 1779, the only son of his parents who lived 
to maturity. His father died in 1794, when he 
was a lad of fifteen years of age, and leaving him 
a competency he does not appear to have engaged 
in any business, until 1818-19, when house building 
materials being in great demand, Mr. Labbadie, 
with a view to give himself employment, erected 
an ox-mill for sawing joists, scantling, &c., at the 
upper end of the town on the river bank, the first 
one in the country, which he operated for near 
twenty years and then disposed of. 

Mr. Labbadie was married to Yictoire, daughter 
of Charles G-ratiot, Sr., on June 25, 1807. They 
had three children, two of whom died at an early 
age, and one only, their daughter Yirginia, grew to 
womanhood. 



* With the death of Louis A., the name of Maclot became extinct, 
his uncles in Europe having died without male heirs. 



180 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Mr. Labbadie died July 24, 1849, in his seven- 
tieth year, and Mrs. L., May 5, 1860, at the ag-e of 
seventy -five. 



MR. JOSEPH A. SIKE, 

was born at Rochelle, Department of the Lower 
Charante, France, on the 19th of February, 1799, 
and came over to Pliiladelphia a young man, and 
to St. Louis a clerk of Braud and Detandebaratz, 
merchants from that city, in 1821. 

On June 26, 1827, Mr. Sire was married to Miss 
Virginia, the only child of Silvestre Labbadie, and 
went into business with his father-in-law in Lab- 
badie' s saw mill at the upper end of the town. 
After giving birth to an infant, Mrs. Sire died on 
Sept. 22d, 1828, aged but 20 years, after a brief 
married life of but fifteen months, and leaving her 
parents childless. 

After the death of his wife and child, Mr. Sire 
continued to reside with her parents until the dis- 
posal of the mill in the 1836, when Mr. Sire changed 
his business, and became a partner in the fur com- 
pany of Pierre Chouteau, Sarpy & Co. 

On June 29, 1852, Mr. Sire was married to Mrs. 
Rebecca, the widow of Augustus E.. Chouteau, and 
died July 15, 1854, without children, aged 55 
years. 



BROTHERS PRATTE. 181 

SILVESTRE PRATTE, 

the oldest son of Gen'l Bernard Pratto, Sr., and 
Emilie Sauveur Labbadie, was born in St. Louis 
Sept. 22, 1799. 

On June 5th, 1822, he was married in Ste. Gene- 
vieve to Miss Odille, daughter of Major Camille 
Delassus, a brother of our last Spanish Governor 
Delassus. 

He died in June, 1828, at the head waters of the 
Platte River, in his twenty-ninth year, without 
children. 

His widow subsequently becanie the wife of 
Louis Valle. 



BERNARD ERATTE, JR., 

second son of B. Pratte Sr., was born in St. 
Louis Dec. 17, 1803, three days before the transfer 
to the United States. 

He was married to Miss Louise, the eldest 
daughter of the late Antoine Chenie, on July 20, 
1824. 

In his early years he was closely engaged in 
business as a merchant, commanded a . steamboat 
in the New Orleans trade, made several voyages 
up the Missouri and Mississippi, served ae Mayor 
of the city in 1844 and 45, was President of the 
Bank of Missouri, &g. 

After 1850 he retired from business, and spent 
the latter years of his life on his" farm near Jones- 



182 BIOGEAPHICAL. 

burgh, Montgomery County, Mo., where he died in 
July, 1887, aged 83 years and six months. 

His widow survives liim. They raised six chil- 
dren, viz. : 

Louisa, Mrs. Clay Taylor, dec'd; married ISTov. 
16, 1853. 

Celeste, widow of Augustus Tracy; married 
Nov. 16, 1853. 

Julia, was first Mrs. Dickinson, and now Mrs. 
Gilpin. 

Lena, deceased wife of Doc't Gervais Robinson. 

Bernard IS'o. 3, living in the South, married. 

Sylvestre, married Miss Sloan ; he died recently. 



eldest son of Gregoire Sarpy and Pelagie Lab- 
badie, was born in St. Louis, Jan'y 12, 1798. 
After completing his studies at school, he was 
employed as a clerk in the mercantile house of 
Berthold & Chouteau, with whom he continued 
associated throughout the various changes of the 
house for the balance of his life. 

He was twice married, first to Miss Adele, the 
eldest daughter of John P. Cabanne, on Sept. 14, 
1820, this lady died March 24, 1832, in her 27tli 
year, leaving a little daughter of nearly five 
years. Mr. Sarpy married his second wife, Mise 
Martha, daughter of James Russell, Esq., Apri' 
14, 1835. This lady died in the fall of 1845, ii 



ALEXANDER L. PAPIN. 183 

^New Orleans, at the age of 27 years, leaving a 
little son and daughter. 

John B. Sarpy died April 1, 1857, in his 60th 
year. 

His oldest daughter, Virginia, was married first 
to Frederick Berthold, April 15, 1847, who died 
in St. Louis in Oct., 1868, aged 47 years; and 
secondly to Armand Pengnet, in France, where 
they live. 

His son, John E. Sarpy, born Dec. 27, 1838, 
died a young man. 



JOSEPH PAPIK, 



the oldest san of Joseph M. Papin and wife, Marie 
Louise Chouteau, was born in St. Louis in 1780. 
He married February 15, 1820, Mrs. Bradshaw, 
a widow lady. He died in April, 1850, leaving 
no children. 

ALEXANDER LAEORCE PAPIN, 

the second son of J. M. P., born in St. Louis in 
1782, married Julia Brazeau, daughter of Louis 
Brazeau, Sr., Aug't 13, 1814. He died in July, 
1849, and his wife previous to her husband. 

Their children were : 

Marguerite, Mrs. Henry Masure. 

Fanny, Mrs. Larkin Deaver. 

Henrietta, Mrs. Jeremiah Wilcox. 

Alexander, Jr., killed in 'New Mexico. 



184 BIOGRAPHICAL. 



the third son of J. M. P., born [in 1787, married 
Josephine, eldest daughter of Regis Loisel, July 14, 
1815. 

He died Dec. 20, 1842. His wife had died two 
months previously, leaving seven sons and four 
daughters. 

Hypolite, Joseph L., Pierre M., Theodore, Ray- 
mond, Eugene and Bdmond. 

Louise Anne, marrid Eugene Dupre. 

Bmilie Lise, married James C. Waugh. 

Zoe, married Edward IST. Tracy. 

Josephine, married Robert C. (^reer. , 

PIERRE MELLICOUET PAPIN, 

the fourth son of J. M. P., was born in 1793. 
He died in St. Louis, in July, 1849, unmarried^ 

SYLVESTER VILRAY PAPEST, 

the fifth son of J. M. P., was born in 1794. 

He m^arried Clementine, the second daughter of 
Regis Loisel, July 18, 1817. He died Aug't 3, 
1828, at the age of 34 years. 

Their children were : 

Clementine, married Leopold Carriere, from 
France, in 1838. 

Sylvester Y., married Emeline Schofield ; he died 
without children. 

Timothy L., married first Mary, daughter of 



THEODORE D. PAPIN. 185 

Hugh A. Garland ; second Margaret Brent, and 
third Lida Yarnall, all deceased. 

Theophile, married first Julie Henrie, of Prairie 
duRocher, Ills., dec'd, and second Emily Carlin, of 
Illinois. 



PIEKRE DIDIEE, PAPIN, 

sixth son of J. M. P., was born in 1798. He mar- 
ried Catherine Louise, only daughter of Pascal 
Leon Cerre, Aug't 10, 1826. 

He died in May, 1853, at the age of 55 years, 
and his widow in April, 1884, aged 77 years and 7 
months. 

They left four children : 

Leon J., who married Medora C, daughter of 
Capt. Jno. D. Daggett. 

Alfred J., who married Miss Virginia McCord, 
of Georgia. 

Palmyre, who married Joseph P. Wilkinson. 

Armantine J., who married Henry T. ISTorcom. 

THEODOKE d'AKTIGNY PAPIN, 

seventh son of J. M. P., born in 1799, married 
Marie Celeste, daughter of Jno. B. Duchouquette, 
Oct. 25, 1820. 

He died in 1851. His wife had died previously. 

Their children were : 

Mary, married first to Geo. W- Atchison, Jr., 
and secondly to Doct. S. Gratz Moses. 

Adolph, married Mary Saucier. 

Henry, married Harriet Wilkinson. 



186 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

GILES JOSEPH LEDUC, 

son of Jos. G. Leduc, Sr.. and Marie Helene 
Hamelin, Avas born at St. Denis, Paris, a brother 
of Marie Philip Leduc, noticed in my previous 
annals. 

He came over vpith his mother and brothers from 
France, and lived for a while in IS'ew Orleans, 
then came up to ]S"ew Madrid, and finally to St. 
Louis at the commencement of the century. 

He was married July 14, 1806, at Cahokia, 
Ills., to Miss Constance Brisson of that place, 
and died in St. Louis in 1810. 

His mother also died about the same time. 



HENET GUSTAVUS SOULARD, 

the second and only surviving son of Antoine 
Pierre Soulard and Marie Julie Cerre, was born in 
St. Louis, May 14, 1801, and has passed all his 
life in the place, being nOw in his 88th year, 
the last survivor of all those who were born in 
St. Louis, prior to the transfer of the country to 
the United States. 

Mr. Soulard was married in Ste. Genevieve on 
May 9, 1833, to Miss Harriet, daughter of the 
late Doct. Harvey Lane, formerly of that place, 
and granddaughter of Col. John F. Hamtramck, 
of the Revolutionary Army, in his life time Col. 
•of the old First Regiment U. S. Infantry, the 
Pioneer Regiment in the West, that built Fort 
Harmer at Marietta, Ohio, in 1787, and other early 



ANTOINE DANGEN. 187 

forts, and who died, Col. of the Eegiment at 
Detroit, Michigan, April 11, 1803. 

They are living at their residence on State Street, 
having passed their golden wedding five years ago. 



was born near Montreal, Canada, about the year 
1770, and came to St. Louis a young man. 

On Dec. 5, 1799, Gov'r Delassus made him a 
concession of a vacant half block of ground, 
at the extreme north end of the village, upon 
which some years thereafter he built for himself 
a blacksmith shop, now the northwest corner of 
Main and Cherry. This he disposed of and re- 
moved to Ste. Genevieve in 1807. 

About the year 1808 he married Miss Aubuchon 
of that place, where his children were all born. 
He subsequently returned to St. Louis, where he 
died in 1841, at the age of 71 years, his wife 
having died at Ste. Genevieve about the year 
1824. 

His children were : 

Gemenin, Jules, Rene, and Francis A., sons, 
and Edith, who married Aug'te Lachance. 



ANTOHS^E DANGEN, 

son of Charles D'Engin and Catherine Bonis, 
was born at Marseilles, in Provence, France, and 
came to St. Louis about the year 1805, a jeweller 
and silver smith. 



188 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

1807, July 22d, he was married to Claire Mar- 
guerite, the oldest daughter of Amable Guyon, Jr., 
of Carondelet. 

Their children were : 

Rosine, born in 1808, married to Louis Menard, 
from France, May 24, 1824. 

Frederick, born in 1810, killed Sept. 27, 1823, 
aged 12 years, thrown from a buggy. 

Selina, born in 1812, died May 28, 1830, aged 
18 years. 

Antoine L., who married Clara M. Tesson, 
]S'ov. 24, 1853. 

Antoine Dangen, died April 12, 1827, aged 
about 50 years. 

Mrs. C. Marg't Dangen, died July 8, 1827, 
aged about 43 years. 



COL. THOMAS PIVEASH EIDDIOK, 

son of Thomas Riddick and Fanny Fiveash, was 
born at Suffolk, Nansemond County, Virginia, 
June 5, 1781, and came to St. Louis about the 
time of the transfer of the country to the LTnited 
States in 1804, and during the first fifteen years 
of his residence here, filled at various periods a 
number of public offices of trust, such as Assessor, 
Clerk of the Common Pleas Court, Deputy Re- 
corder of Land Titles, Secretary of the Board of 
Land Commissioners, Justice of the Peace, etc., 
etc., second President of the old Bank of Missouri 
Territory, succeeding Col. Augustus Chouteau. 



ANTOINE MICHAU. 189 

For twenty years Col. Riddick was an active, in- 
fluential business man of St. Louis, and was the 
principal originator of our Public School System. 
In 1826 an Alderman of the City. 

In 1827 Col. Riddick removed to the Sulphur 
Springs, below the Maramec in Jefferson County, 
of which he was part owner, and where he continued 
to reside until his death on January 15th, 1830, 
at the age of 48 years, 7 months and 10 days. 

Col. Riddick was married in 1813, at Lexing- 
ton, Ky., to Miss Eliza, daughter of Charles 
Carr, Sen'r, and sister of Wm. C. Carr, of St. 
Louis. He left at his death his widow, who sur- 
vived him a number of years, two sons, Walter 
and Dabney, and two daughters, Virginia and 
Frances, who in Dec'r, 1834, were married at one 
ceremony by the Rev'd Mr. Chaderton, to Edward 
Brooks and Chas. P. Billon, both now dead, but 
the two widows still survive. 



ANTOINE MICHAU (SOBRIQUET ST. AMANt) , 

son of John Michau, Sr., and Grenevieve Rosalie 
Chevallier was born at Galliopohs, Ohio, Jan'y 
17, 1792, and came to St. Louis with his father 
and family in the year 1800, then eight years old. 
He had been named Antoine " Aristide " in the 
family records which by some means had become 
changed to " St. Amant." 

In 1809 he was employed in Mr. Maclot's shot 
and lead works at Herculaneum, Jefferson County, 
where he continued to work for a number of years. 



190 BIOGEAPHICAL. 

About the year 1813-14, when 21 years of age, 
he was married to Marguerite Meimier. They were 
the parents of several sons and daughters. 

Their sons were Saugrain, Hamilton, Alfred and 
others. 

His eldest son, Saugrain Michau, born in 1814, 
was married to Miss Therese Letourno, at Caron- 
delet, July 7, 1835. 

At the death of his first wife, Saugrain Michau 
married Julia Eliza Lurtz, a widow lady, Sept. 
11, 1854. He died in 1856, aged about 42 years, 
and she about the same time. 

St. Amant Michan, died in 1845, at the age of 53 
years. 



JOSEPH VICTOR GAEKIER, ESQB., 

was born at St. Pierre, Isle of Oleron, Saintonge, 
in France, February 14, 1767, and went a young 
man to the Island of San Domingo. 

At the negro insurrection of 1793, he left the 
Island and came to New York, where he resided 
for about ten years. 

On the transfer of Louisiana to the United States 
in 1804 he came out to St. Louis, and became a 
resident of the place. On the establishment of the 
Superior Court of the Territory in 1806, he was 
appointed the first clerk of the same, and held it 
for several years. He was appointed in 1809, the 
first clerk of the Town of St. Louis at its in- 



DOCT. JOHN H. ROBINSON. 191 

corporation in that year, and for many years was a 
Justice of the Peace and l!^otary Public. 

Mr. Garnier was married on April 30, 1812, to 
Marie, third daughter of Chas. Sanguinet, Sr., and 
died Sept. 11, 1851, in his 85th year. Mrs. Garnier 
survived her husband nearly thirty-five years, and 
died on Feb'y 3, 1885, at the extreme old age of 
ninety-five years. 

Their only child, Harriet, is the wife of the Hon. 
John Hogan. 



DOCT. 

son of David Robinson and Miriam Hamilton, was 
born in Augusta County, Virginia, January 24, 
1782. A nephew of Alex'r Hamilton, his mother 
being a sister of Hamilton. 

He was bred a physician, and came to St. Louis 
very shortly after the transfer of the country to the 
United States, designing to make it his permanent 
place of abode, and entered upon the practice of his- 
profession, in which he continued for some years at 
intervals. 

Doct. Robinson was married on Dec'r 24, 1805, 
by Auguste Chouteaii, Sr., then a justice of the 
peace in St. Louis, to Miss Sophie Marie Michau, 
a young lady born in Paris, whose parents brought 
her to the United States when a child of four years 
of age. 

In 1806-7 Doct. Robinson was with Major Zeb- 
ulon M. Pike, U. S. Army, as a volunteer asso- 



192 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

ciate in his expedition to Pike's Peak, and his 
explorations of the interior of Louisiana and 'Ney, 
Spain, from which he returned in the fall of 1807. 

After this we find the Doctor, who was an ener- 
getic, enterprising man, almost constantly on the 
move, frequently changing his locality, which we 
arrive at from the birth of his other children. They 
were : 

Edward Y. Ham'n Robinson, Oct. 6, 1806, at 
St. Louis ; lost at sea in 1831. 

Jas. Houze Robinson, Aug. 17, 1808, St. 
Louis ; died at l^atchez, 1818. 

Ant'e Saugrain Robinson, April 18, 1810, at 
Fort Osage. 

Henrietta Sophia Robinson, !N'ov. 21, 1811, at 
Ste. Genevieve; died at ]S"atchez, 1818. 

Virginia R. Robinson, in 1818, at ISTatchez ; died 
there an infant, in 1818. 

Doct. Robinson made these frequent changes 
of residence in the public service in obedience to 
orders. 

He died at IS'atchez, Sept. 19, 1819, aged but 37 
years, falling a victim, with his three children, of 
that malignant disease, yellow fever, which carried 
off two-thirds of his family. 

His widow, Mrs. R., survived him 30 years. She 
died in St. Louis in 1848 at the age of 62 years. 

ED. Y. HAMILTOIir KOBIlSTSOIsr, 

entered "West Point in 1820, at 14 j^ears of age. 

Commissioned a Midshipman U. S. ISTavy, March 
4, 1823, at 17 years of age. 



WILSON P. HUNT. 193 

A Passed Midshipman, March 23, 1829, at 23. 

A Lieutenant, March 3, 1831, at 25. 

Lost at sea, August, 1831, at 25.* 

Ant'e Saugrain Robinson, the only survivor of 
the Doctor's family, long so well known here as 
the Cashier of the old Bank of Missouri, is still with 
is in his seventy-ninth ye^ir. 



WILSOlSr p. HUNT, 

one of the numerous family of the Hunts of Tren- 
ton, New Jersey, came to St. Louis in 1801, and 
was in business with a John Hankinson in selling 
merchandise for about five years. In June, 1809, 
the firm was dissolved, and Mr. Hunt closed up 
their business. 

In the year 1810 Mr. Hunt became connected 
with John Jacob Astor's ITew York Fur Company, 
and early in 1811 he left St. Louis with seventy 
men to ascend the Missouri, cross the mountains, 
and descend to the Pacific Ocean, there to meet a 
ship dispatched around by Astor. This was accom- 
plished, Mr. Hunt's party being the first to follow 
in the footsteps of Lewis and Clark, in pursuit of the 
Indian trade of that region. He was absent on this 
expedition several years, and returned to St. Louis 
in the year 1813. 

In 1817 Mr. Hunt purchased from heirs of Lab- 
badie a tract of several thousand acres of land lying 



* The U. S. Sloop of war, Sylph, was lost in the Gulf of Mexico with 
all on board. 

13 



194 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

on the waters of the Glravois Creek, about eight 
miles southwest of St. Louis. On this land he built 
a mill, made a farm, and other improvements, and 
the place was long well known in this locality as 
*' Hunt's Mill." 

Ill 1829 he visited Asbury, IS^ew Jersey, the place 
of his birth, and there induced a nephew, John H. 
Wilson, to come out to St. Louis and take charge 
of his. Hunt's farm, which he, Wilson, did the 
following year, and lived on his place until Mr 
death. 

In Sept., 1822, Mr. W. Himt was appointed by 
Pres't Monroe, Postmaster of St. Louis, to succeed 
Col. Elias Rector. He held the position some 
eighteen years and was in turn succeeded by 
Thomas Watson, in 1840. 

April 20, 1836, he was married, to Anne L. Hunt, 
widow of his cousin Theodore Hunt, and died with- 
out children in April, 1842, at the age of about 60 
years. 

His widow, Ann Lucas Hunt, died April 12> 
1879, aged 82 years, 6 months, 20 days. 



JEREMIAH CONNOR, 



a native of Ireland, came -to St. Louis in 1805,. 
from Georgetown, District of Cokimbia, where he 
had followed the vocation of an auctioneer. 

He was the third sheriff of St. Louis, appointed 
by Gov'r Wilkinson in Sept. 1806, and served as 
such until l^ov'r, 1810, something over four years, 
acting also as Collector and Treasurer. 




S ft 






MAJOR WILLIAM CHRISTY. 195 

St. Lonis is indebted to this gentleman for her 
Washington Avenue. In the year 1818 he was the 
owner of two of the forty arpent lots, lying be- 
tween the additions of Judge Lucas on the South 
and Major Wm. Christy on the north, the strip 
being a mile and a half in length from Third Street 
to Jefferson Avenue, and but 880 feet wide between 
the above additions. Through the center of this 
strip he laid out his Washington Avenue, 80 feet 
wide, running its whole length, which he gener- 
ously relinquished to the city without consideration, 
leaving him but 150 feet in depth on each side. 

Mr. Connor was never married. He died on 
Sept. 23, 1823, aged about jfifty years, an intelligent 
liberal gentleman. 



MAJOR WILLIAM CHRISTY, 

was born in Carlisle, Penn'a, Jan'y 10, 1764. 
When very young his parents removed to the Falls 
of the Ohio, and settled in Jefferson County, Ken- 
tucky, among the first to come there. In 1788 
was appointed Lieutenant of a troop of Jefferson 
County Cavalry, and in St. Clair's campaign of 
1791, was an adjutant of a Kentucky regiment of 
militia, and served in 1794 under Gen'l A. Wayne. 
In 1792 Major Christy was married to Martha 
Thompson Taylor, of Jefferson County, Kentucky, 
and continued on his farm until 1804, when he 
removed to St. Louis among the first Americans, 



196 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

bringing- with him ample means and a number oi 
slaves. 

In 1806 he opened a public house in the old Gov- 
ernment mansion at the south-east corner of Main 
and Walnut Streets, vphich he kept for a number 
of years, patronized by the best classes of society. 

In 1806 appointed a Justice of the Court oi 
Quarter Sessions. 

In 1807 appointed clerk of the same. 

In 1809 elected a Trustee of the newly incorpo- 
rated Town. And Major of the Louisiana Rangers. 

March 1813, Presiding Justice of the Court of 
Common Pleas. 

1814, Auditor of accounts for the Territory, and 
in 1820 Auditor same for the State. 

1820, Appointed by Pres't Monroe Register of 
the United States Land Office, which he resigned 
in 1833. 

Major Christy died at his residence, IN'orth St. 
Louis, April, 1837, aged 73 years ; his widow sur- 
vived him until 1849, their children were : 

Sarah, the first wife of Doct. Bernard G. Far- 
rar ; she died in 1817. 

Mary Ann, married Maj. Thomas Wright, U. S. 
Army. 

Matilda, wife first of Doct. D. V. Walker, and 
second of Col. J^. P. Taylor. 

Frances, wife first of Maj. Taylor Berry, and 
second of Judge Robert Wash. 

Eliza, wife of Gen'l Wm. H. Ashley, member of 
Congress. 



JOHN MULLANPHY. 197 

Harriet, wife of Capt. James Deane, U. S. 
Army. 

Virginia, married to Doct. Edwin B. Smith in 
1838, yet living, and 

Two sons, Edmund, who died unmanded, and 

Howard, who married Miss Susan Preston, of 
Kentucky. 



WILLIAM RUSSELL, SUSVEYOR, 

was born in Frederick County, Virginia, June 3, 
1778. 

"Immigrated" to St. Louis in 1804, and early 
commenced speculating in Town lots and lands. 
Soon perceiving the future advance and prosperity 
of St. Louis, he had before the end of our Terri- 
torial days made large acquisitions of vacant lands 
in and about the Town, priiicipally in the southern 
portion of it, so that, already considered a large 
fortune, even in those early days, its value was 
immensely increased in subsequent years by the 
judicious management of his son-in-law, Thomas 
Allen, who had married his only daughter. 

Wm. Eussell died in St. Louis, July 14, 1857, in 
his 80th year. 



JOHN MTTLLANPHT, 

of County Fermanagh, and wife Elizabeth Brown, 
Youghal, County Waterford, L^eland, landed in 
Philadelphia in 1794, and soon removed to Bal- 
timore. 



II 



198 - BIOGRAPHICAL. 

In 1798 they came west and located in Frank- 
fort, Ky. He engaged in mercantile business in 
18U3, built a schooner and sent her with produce 
to the West Indies. 

In 1804 came to St. Louis, which thereafter was 
his home, although himself and family frequently 
absent ; his children were : 

Ellen, died in France, in March, 1827. 

Catherine, Mrs. Major Richard Graham. 

Jane, Mrs. Chas. Chambers, married in iN^ew 
York, 1817. 

Anne, Mrs. Major Thos. Biddle. 

Mary, Mrs. Wm. S. Harney, married Oct. 1, 
1833. 

Eliza, Mrs. James Clemens, married Jan. 10,' 
1833. 

Octavia, first Mrs. Dennis Delany, and second 
Mrs. Judge Boyee. 

And one son Judge Bryan Mullanphy. 

John Mullanphy died at his house, North Main 
Street, St. Louis, Aug't 29, 1833. 



JUDGE SILAS BENT, SR., 



was born in Massachusetts, April 4, 17G8, educated 
at Rutland, Worcester County, — a son of Silas 
Bent, of Sudbury, Mass., who commanded the 
famous " Tea Party " in Boston Harbor December 



16, 1773. 



JUDGE SILAS BENT, SR. 199 

In 1788 he came to Ohio and was one of the 
first settlers of Marietta. He read law with Phillip 
Doddridge, of Wheeling, Vir'a, afterwards he kept 
store atCharlestown, Vir'a, and married Miss Mar- 
tha Kerr, of Winchester. In January, 1802, he was 
Postmaster at Brooke Court House, Vir'a, and in 
18U3 deputy in the oflBce of the Surveyor General 
Eufus Putnam. 

Feb'y 17, 18U4, appointed associate Judge of the 
Common Pleas of Washington Co., Ohio. In 
July, 1805, Deputy Surveyor under James Mans- 
field, Surveyor Oeneral. July, 1806, appointed 
by Albert Gallatin, Sec. of Treasury of the 
United States, to be principal Deputy Sur- 
veyor for Louisiana Territory, and came to St. 
Louis, Sept. 17, I80(i. 

August 20, 1807, was appointed by Frederick 
Bates, the first Judge of the Common Pleas and 
Quarter Sessions, for the District of St. Louis. 
JSTov'r, 180.S, by Governor Lewis, auditor of public 
accounts, ISTov. 9, 1809, presiding Judge of St. 
Louis Common Pleas, with Bernard Pratte and 
Louis Labeaume associates, and on that day issued 
the first Charter for the Town of St. Louis. 
Jan'y5, 1811, appointed by Fred'k Bates, Auditor 
of the Public accounts, and on September, 18 LI, 
Judge of the Common Pleas by Governor Benja- 
min Howard. 

Feb. 21, 1813, was appointed,by President Madi- 
son, Judge of the Superior Court of the Territory 
of Missouri, Jan'y 21, 1817, was recommissioned 



200 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

by the President, and held the office until 
abolished by the admission of Missouri as a State 
in 1821. 

After the admission of the State, Judge Bent 
received the appointment of Clerk of the St. Louis 
County Court, which he held until his death, Nov. 
20, 1827, in his 60th year. 

His widow, Mrs. Martha Bent, died Aug't 20, 
1833. 

They raised seven sons and four daughters to 
matur'ity. 

Charles, born in 1799, died single, Grovernor of 
Taos, N^ew Mexico ; murdered. 

Julia Ann, born in 1801, married July 24, 1817, to 
Lilburn W- Boggs ; she died Sept. 21, 1820, aged 
about 19 years. 

John, born in 1803, married Sept. 15, 1829, to 
Miss Olivia, daughter of Col. Jos. McClelland, of 
Boone ; he died in 1845, aged 42 years. 

Lucy, born in 1805, married Sept. 29, 1826, to 
James Russell, of Oakhill ; she died March 2, 1871, 
aged GG years. 

Dorcas, born in 1807, March 12, married Dec. 10, 
1829, to Judge "Wm. C. Carr; she died Feb'y 25, 
1888, aged nearly 81 years. 

William, born in 1809. 

George, born in 1811, died unmarried in 1847, 
aged 35 years, 6 months. 

Mary, born in 1814, married in 183G, to Jonathan 
Beane. 

Robert S., born in 1816, died unmarried Oct. 20, 
1811, aged 25 years. 



JUDGE WM. C. CARB. 201 

Edward, born in 1819, died in 1824, aged 5 
years. 

Silas, Jr., born in Oct., 1820, married, and died in 
1887, aged 67 years. 



JUDGE WM. C. CAKK, 



was a son of Walter Carr, and one of a numer- 
ous family of brothers and sisters. He was born 
in Albemarle County, Virginia, on April 15, 
1783, he received an academic education and 
studied the legal profession. 

He arrived in St. Louis March 31, 1804, in' a 
keel boat from Louisville, making the passage, as 
he often used to say, in the ^^ short time of 25 
days'''' one, of the earliest Americans after the 
transfer. After remaining a month here, he went 
to Ste. Genevieve, then a larger place than St. 
Louis, to settle there. 

He opened an office, was admitted to the- Bar, 
and commenced the practice of law. A year 
later discovering his mistake in location, he re- 
turned to St. Louis, to settle himself permanently. 

In the early history of St. Louis, Judge Carr 
played a prominent and influential part in the po- 
litical and social affairs of the place, and was very 
successful in the management of his pecuniary 
affairs having acquired a handsome competency. 
In 1826 he was appointed by Gov'r John Miller, 
to the office of Circuit Judge of the St. Louis 
Circuit, succeeding Alexander Stuart in the office, 



■202 BIOGUAPHICAL. 

which position he held for nearly eight years, 
resigning it in 1834, and was succeeded in March 
-of that year by Judge Luke E. Lawless. 

Judge Carr was twice married, first in Ste. Clen- 
■evieve TsTov'r 17, 1807, to Miss Anna Maria Elliott, 
daughter of Doct. Aaron Elliott from Connecti- 
cut. This lady died August 11, 1826, aged 
38 years, leaving three daughters, Anna Maria, 
Virginia, and Cornelia, who subsequently became 
the wives of Greorge W. Kerr, Charles Cabanne 
and Thos. P. Dyer, and one only son, Charles 
Elliott Carr, who died Sept. 22, 1826, one 
month after his mother, in his twelfth year. 

Judge Carr married his second wife. Miss Dor- 
cas, the third daughter of Silas Bent, Sr., Dec'f 
10, 1829, by whom he had five sons, Walter, 
Dabney, Charles B., Thomas and Robert, and one 
daughter. 

In l;il5. Judge C;irr built the fifth brick house 
in St. Louis, and the first one for a dwelling 
exclusively, at the South east corner of Main and 
Sprnce streets, which still stands, one of the early 
land marks. 

Judge Wm. C. Carr died March 31, 1851, aged 
6"< years, his widow and children then, all sur- 
viving him, except the youth who died above. 



COL. RUFUS EASTOK, 

was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, on May 4, 
1774, of an English family of good descent. 

In February, 17S)1, at 17 years, he studied law in 



COL. RUFUS EASTON. 203 

the office of Ephraim Kirby, at Litchfield, for two 
years, and on reaching the age of 2L years, obtained 
a hcense to practice in Connecticut. About the 
commencement of the present century, we fiud him 
at Home, Oneida County, New York, He soon be- 
came well known as a promising young lawyer, and 
was in correspondence with such prominent men as 
Col. Aaron Burr, Vice-President U. S. ; Gideon 
Granger, Postmaster-General ; De Witt CUnton, 
and others at the seat of Government, from letters 
of these parties addressed to him, found in Col. 
Easton's papers after his death. 

He spent the winter of 1803-4 in Washington, 
and while there proposed to change his residence 
from New York to New Orleans, and procured 
letters of introduction , to influential parties of 
that city, with which he left Washington in the 
early part of March of that year. It seems, how- 
ever, that Col. Easton changed his mind in that 
matter, for on reaching Vincennes, Indiana, on his 
way West and South, he concluded to remain at 
that place, for a time at least, and obtained a license 
to practice in the courts of that Territory. 

He remained here but a few months,- and about 
the time that Gen'l Harrison with the Indiana 
judges vfent to St. Louis, to frame laws for Mis- 
souri, Col. Easton accompanied them and took up 
his residence in St. Louis. 

He again visited Washington in the winter of 
1804-5. 

March 13, 1805, he'received from President Jef- 



204 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

ferson a commission as Judge of the Territory of 
Louisiana, and in March, 1806, was appointed by 
the President United States Attorney for the 
Territory of Louisiana. Early in 1805, when a 
post-office was established in St. Louis, Col. E. was 
appointed the first Postmaster, and held the position 
for nine years, resigning the office in 1814, being 
succeeded by Doct. Robert Simpson. 

In 1814 he was elected Delegate to Congress, suc- 
ceeding Edward Hempstead, and in 181(3 re-elected 
to the same, serving four years in that office. 

In 1821, when Missouri became a State of this 
Union, Col. Baston was appointed by President' 
James Monroe, United States Attorney-General 
for the State of Missouri, which office he filled 
for five years, after which he retired to private 
fife. 

Col. Easton removed to St. Charles in 1822, and 
died there on July 5, 1834, at the age of 60 years. 
His wife, whose maiden name was Smith, he had 
married in the State of IN"ew Yoi-k, where his two 
or three first children were born. She died in St. 
Charles in 1848. 

They had a numerous family of seven daughters 
and four sons. 

Mary, born in Pome, IS^ew York, married Major 
Geo. C. Sibley, Sept., 1815 ; no children. 

Joanna, born in Rome, l^ew York, married first 
Doct. Pryor Quarles, 2 daughters ; secondly, 
Henry S. Geyer, 2 sons. 

Louisa, married Archibald Gamble, 7 children. 



HON. EDWAED HEMPSTEAl). 205 

Kussella, married Thos. L. Anderson, of Pal- 
myra, 3 sons. 

Alby, married Jarnes Watson, St. Louis, 2 
daughtei's. 

Sarah E., married Samuel South, of Palmyra^ 4 
children . 

Medora, born in St. Charles, married to Abner 
Bartlett, New York, 4 children. 

Alton R., born in St. Louis, twice married, 6 
children. 

Joseph G., born in St. Louis, married to Miss 
Smith, Connecticut. 

Langdon C, born in St. Louis, of the U. S. 
Army, several. 

Henry C, born in St. Charles, married twice, 
several. 



born June 23, 1807, in St. Louis, married first Miss 
Eliza Ott at St. Charles ; she left 2 sons and 1 
daughter. Second, Miss Emeline Noye, at St. 
Charles, has 3 sons. 

Col. Easton is now 81 years of age, and not a 
gray hair in his head. 



HON. EDWAKD HEMPSTEAD 

was born in New London, Connecticut, June 3, 
1780, and studied law, and in 1801, admitted to 



206 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

the Bar. After practicing three years in Rhode 
Island, he came west in 1804, stopping; for a brief 
period in Vincennes, and then settled in the town 
of St. Charles. In 1805 he removed to St. Louis, 
where, in his brief residence of twelve years, he 
filled many public positions with credit to himself, 
and satisfaction to the community. 

In 1806, he received the appointment of deputy 
attorney-general for the Districts of St. Louis 
and St. Charles. 

In 1809, appointed Attorney-General for the Ter- 
ritory of Upper Louisiana. 

1812, June 4, Act of Congress changed the name 
from Louisiana to Missouri Territory, and Mr. 
Hempstead was elected its first delegate to Con- 
gress from west of the Mississippi. 

In 1814. He was Speaker of the Territorial 
Assembly of Missouri. 

Mr. Hempstead was married on Jan'y 13, 1808, 
to Miss Clarissa, daughter of Louis C. Dubreuil of 
St. Louis. On August 5, 1817, in retui-ning 
from St. Charles, where he had been attending 
the election, Mr. Hempstead was thrown from his 
horse, and died from congestion resulting from his 
fall, on Aug. 9, 1817, after a brief illness of a few 
days, at the age 37 years, leaving no children, 
they having died young.* 



* He was interred on Monday the llLh, at his father, Stephen Hempstead, 
S'-'s., farm (•■.he proptrty of Ed. Hempstead), now forming the north-east 
portion of BellefontaiQe Cemetery, his funeral was the largest that had 
ever occurred in the country). 



JUDGE JONES. 207 



JUDGE JOHN RICE JONES, 



was born in Merionethshire, Wales, on February 
10, 1759. 

He came to the United States about the close of 
the war of the Revolution with his first wife 
and a son or two. He resided for a time near 
Philadelphia, and came out to the new JS^orth- 
west Territory as soon as it was organized, and 
lived for some years in Vincennes, the seat of 
government. 

Here he lost his first and married a second 
wife, a Miss "Baeryer, from Pennsylvania, in the 
year 1791. 

A few years thereafter he removed to Kaska,skia, 
about 1795, subsequently returned a second time to 
Vincennes for some years, and then again to Kas- 
kaskia for a short period. 

In 1808 he removed across the Mississippi to Ste. 
Genevieve, where he established his home. While 
living on the east side of the River, he practiced 
law in the courts at Kaskaskia and Vincennes, 
and after establishing himself on this side, contin- 
ued in the practice of his profession in Ste. Grene- 
vieve and Washington counties. 

In 1820 he was a member of the Missouri Con- 
stitutional Convention from Ste. Genevieve County, 
and after the formation of the State was appointed 
a Judge of the Supreme Court, associated on the 
Bench with Matthias McGirk and John D. Cook. 

Judge Jones died in St. Louis, Jan'y 31, 1824,, 



208 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

at the residence of his daughter Harriet, relict of 
Thos. Brady, lacking but ten days of being 65 
years, the then constitutional term of a Judge; 
his children were : 

Rice Jones, born in Wales, assassinated at Kas- 
kaskia, Dec'r 7, 1808. 

A daughter, born in Vincennes, in 1792. 

A son, John, born in Vincennes in 1794. 

A son, Augustus, born in Kaskaskia, in 1796. 

A daughter, Mrs. Harriet Brady, born in Kas- 
kaskia in 1798. 

A son, Geo. W., born in Vincennes, April 12, 
1804, living at Dubuque, Iowa. 

And several more by his two wives. 



COL. ALEXAKDEE m'NAIE, 

was born in Pennsylvania of Irish parents about 
the year 1776. 

In 1 799 was appointed a Lieut, of Infantry in 
the U. S. Army; his Regiment was disbanded in 
1800, at Pittsburgh. 

In 1804: he come to St. Louis, and engaged in 
business early in 1806, at the Southeast corner of 
Main and Pine, in which he continued for some few 
years. In 1811 he sold this property and purchased 
the old French house at the JSTorthwest corner of 
Main and Spruce, whei-e he lived until 1820, From 
his pleasant manners he soon made many friends, 
and was very popular with the whole community. 

In 1810 he was the fourth sheriff of St. Louis 
County. 



COL. SAMUEL HAMMOND. 209 

During the war of 1812-15, he raised a Company 
of mounted Rangers of which he was elected the 
Captain. 

In 181.6, when Congress estabhshed a Land OflBce 
for the St. Louis District, he was appointed by 
President Madison tlie first Register of the same, 
and held the Office four years, until he was elected 
in 1820 the first Governor of the State, by a very 
large majority over his competitor, General Wm. 
Clark, also a very popular citizen of St. Louis. 

In March, 1805, he was married to Miss Margaret 
Reilhe, daughter of Antoine Reilhe, an old French 
citizen of St. Louis. 

They raised to maturity four sons and three 
daughters. 

Governor Mc!N"air died in St. Louis March 18, 
1826, aged about fifty years. 



COL. SAMUEL HAMMOKD, SK., 

was born in Richmond County, Virginia, Sept. 
21, 1757. 

Was at the battle of Point Pleasant in 1774, 
was under Gen'l Hand in 1777-1778, at the 
battle of King's Mountain in 1780, and served 
throughout the war of the Revolution in the 
Carolinas and other Southern States. 

He came to Louisiana at the time of the trans- 
fer to the U. S., remained at St. Louis and vicin- 
ity for some twenty years, about 1825 returned 
to the South, and died in Hamburg, South Caro- 

14 



210 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

lina, Sept. 11, 1842, at the age of 85 years. 
He filled many public positions of trust. 

In Georgia he was a member of the State 
Legislature, and Congressman. In Missom'i, a 
member of the State Convention, and Legisla- 
ture and first Receiver of Public Moneys at St. 
Louis; in South Carolina Surveyor General of the 
State, and Secretary of State. 



HON. JOHlSr SCOTT, OF STE. GEl*fEVIEVE, 

was born in Hanover County, Virginia, about 
the year 1782, and graduated at Princeton Col- 
lege, IsTew Jersey, in 1802. 

He came west shortly after graduating and 
located in Indiana, and in 1804 came to Missouri 
and entered upon the practice of the law in Ste. 
Genevieve, where he remained until his death. 

In 1817 he was elected the delegate in Con- 
gress from Missouri Territory, and in 1820 the 
first Representative in Congress from the new- 
State, Missouri being entitled to but one member, 
and again re-elected in 1822 and 1824. 

In 1825, when the choice of President of the 
United States devolved on the House of Represen- 
tatives, he cast the vote of Missouri for John 
Quincy Adams, for which mistake he was defeated 
in 1826 and relegated to private life, Andrew 
Jackson being the undoubted choice of a plural- 
ity of the voters of Missouri for that ofiice. 



ANTOINE CHKNIE. 211 

Mr. Scott continued his practice as a Lawyer for 
many years. 

He was twice married. 

His second wife was Mrs. Harriet, widow of 
Thos. Brady, of St. Louis, and daughter of Judge 
John Rice Jones; she had then three little girls.* 

John Scott died in Ste. Genevieve in 1861, in 
his eightieth year. 



ASTTOIKE CHENIE, 

was born at Pointe Claire, Canada, April 14, 1768. 
After leaving school at Montreal, he entered into 
the Service of the Canadian Fur Company, and 
was engaged for several years in the Indian Trade 
at the Falls of ^N^iagara. 

He came to St. Louis in 1795, and soon after 
entered the service of a leading Missouri River Fur 
trader as a clerk, in which he continued for some 
years. 

Oct. 26, 1805. He married Marie Theresa 
Papin, second daughter of Joseph M. Papin, quit 
the fur trade and established a bakery. 

He purchased from Peter Chouteau, Sr. , on Oct. 
15, 1808, the south half of Block IS"©. 33, on the 
north side of Market street, extending 300 feet 
from Main to Church street, with a stone dwelling 
4.8 by 30 feet, called large in that day, at the south- 
east corner of 'the half block. He lived here for 
many years, his bake house being on Market street 

* Who grew up to become married 1adie«. 



212 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

in rear of his dwelling, and in later years built for 
himself a brick dwelling on south 3rd, below Plum 
street, where he died on May 26», 1842, aged 74 
years, leaving six children all grown and married. 

Louise, who was married to Bernard Pratte, Jr., 
in July, 1824. 

Leon, married to Miss Julia Demun. 

Amanda, married to Doct. Auguste Masiare. 

Atalie, married to Joseph S. Pease. 

Julius, married to Miss Josephine Lane of St. 
Genevieve. 

Julia, to Mr. Heiiry Gourdes of France, where 
she still lives. 

aug'ustik guiboed, 

was born in the Parish of Mascouehe de la 
Chenel, Montreal, in Canada, May 12, 1785, and 
came to St. Louis in the fall of 1804, at the 
age of 19 years, with a party of Hudson's Bay 
Fur traders, without the consent of his parents, 
he being a minor. 

He was married in St. Louis by Judge M. P. 

Leduc on July 6, 1811, to Marie Catherine 

• Lacroix, daughter of Joseph Lacroix and Helene 

Bissonnet, who was born in St. Louis on Feb'y 

8, 1795. 

He was a veteran of the war of 1812-15, 
serving in the American forces, and continued 
to reside in St. Louis until his death. 

Augnstin Guibord died Sept. 12, 1860, aged 
75 years and 4 months, and his widow l^ovember 
26, 1872, at the age of 77 years and 9 months. 



JNO. B. C. LUCAS. 213 

Their children, who attained maturity, were : 

A.ugustus, born May 12, 1815, who died Sept. 
8, 1850, at 85, in Colorado. 

Jnlia, born April 8, 1817, married first C. 
Eichard, and secondly Bender. 

Henri, born August 3, 1824. 

Edward F., born March 8, 1826. 

Angeline, born April 8, 1828, married Wm. 
A. Luckie. 

Edmund M., born April 16, 1830. 



CAPT. HEl^EI GUIBOR, 

a veteran of two wars, when a young man of 22 
years, served in the Mexican War, in Capt. 
McKellop's Company, of Col. Easton's Regiment 
from St. Louis in 1816-7, and again in the late 
war as Captain of Artillery in the Confederate 
Service. 

He was married Aug't 23, 1852, to Miss 
Louisa A., daughter of Saugrain Michau, who 
was born April 26, 1836, at St. Louis, and died 
Oct. 22, 1869, aged 33, leaving two sons, Henry 
A., and John Louis Guibor. 



JUDGE JlSrO. B. C. LUCAS, 



was born in l!^"ormandy, France, in the year 1758. 

He graduated in the profession of Law at Caen, 

l^ormandy, in 1782, and practiced in his native 

place about two years, during which period he was 



214 BIOGKAPHICAL. 

married to Miss Anne Sebin, who born in 1764, was 
six years younger than him. 

In 1781, they came to the United States, and 
settled on a farm on the Monongahela River, a 
short distance above Pittsburgh. 

In his early years in Pennsylvania he made some 
trading voyages down the Ohio and Mississippi to 
New Madrid, then a new place just started in 1787 
by French traders. In 1791 he made another voy- 
age to that place bringing with him Henry, a 
young lad, son of Judge Brackenridge, of Pitts- 
burgh, an intimate friend of Lucas, to be placed 
with some French family where he might acquire 
the French language. 

In 1792 Judge Lucas was elected to the Legis- 
lature of Penn'a, and afterwards was for a time 
Judge of the Court of Common Pleas in his Dis- 
trict. 

In 1803 he was elected to Congress from the 
Alleghany District, succeeding Albert Gallatin. 

In 1805 he was appointed by President Jefferson 
Judge of the United States Court in Upper Louisi- 
ana, and, in conjunction with Clem't B. Penrose, 
commissioners to settle land claims in Missouri, for 
which purpose he removed to St. Louis with his 
wife and family late that fall. 

His five sors were : 

Robert, bo .i 1788, entered the Army from West 
Point in 1808; died Feb. 8, 1814.* 



* At French Mills, on the St. Lawrence, a Major In the IT. S. Army, 
at the age of 26 years. 



CHAKLES LUCAS. 215 

Charles, born Sept. 24, 1792; died Sept. 27, 
1817, aged 25 years. 

Adrian, born 1794 ; died in the year 1831, aged 
37 years. 

William, born 1798 ; died in July, 1837, aged 39 
years. 

Anne, born Sept. 23, 1796. 

Jas. H., born May, 1800. 

Mrs. Lucas died in St. Louis Aug't 3, 1811, aged 
47 years, and Judge Lucas Aug. 29, 1842, aged 84 
years, surviving his wife 31 years. 

After the death of Mrs. Lucas in 1811, the 
Judge built the first house on the hill, a small 
stone, in his cornfield. It stood on the ground 
whereon now stands the Masonic Hall at the north- 
west corner of Market and 7th Streets, in which he 
lived many years, the only house on the hill until 
1816-17. 

CHARLES LUCAS, ESQ., 

second son of Judge Jno. B. C Lucas, was born 
near Pittsburgh, Penn'a, Sept. 25, 1792. At 13 
years of age he came with his father's family to St. 
Louis in 1805. 

In 1806 he was sent to Jefferson College, Phila- 
delphia, where he spent five years at his studies, 
returning home in 1811 at 19 years, and then 
studied law with Col. Easton. 

In 1812 he joined a volunteer company in St. 
Louis, afterwards assisting in organizing a^ com- 
pany of Volunteer Artillery, stationed near Portage 
des Sioux, of which he was elected Captain. 



216 BIOGBAPHICAL. 

In 1814, at the age of 22 years, admitted to the 
bar of St. Louis. 

Elected to the Legislature of the Territory. 

Then appointed United States Attorney for the 
Territory. 

Killed in a duel with Col. Thomas H. Benton, 
Sept. 27, 1817, at the age of 25 years and 2 days. 

WILLIAM LUCAS, 

was the fourth son of Judge John B. 0. Lucas. 
He was born near Pittsburgh, Penn'a, in 1798, and 
came here with his father's family in 1803 at 7 
years of age. He read law in St. Louis with 
Col. Easton, and at the proper age was admitted to 
the bar. He died unmarried in 1837, aged 39 
years. 



OLEMEKT BIDDLB PBNEOSE, 

of Philadelphia, and wife Anna Howard were 
married about the year 1797, and lived at Frank- 
ford, north Philadelphia. In 1805, he was ap- 
pointed by the Pres't Thos. Jefferson, a commis- 
sioner to adjudicate the claims to Lands in Upper 
Louisiana, and came out to St. Louis in October 
of that year, associated with Jno. B. C. Lucas, 
and served as such until the completion of their 
labors and the dissolution of the board. 

Their five children, all born in Philadelphia, were 

Chaules Bingham Penrose, Oct. 6, 1798. 

James Howard Penrose, 1800. 

Clement Biddle, ]S"o. 2, 1802. 



THE PENKOSES. 217 

And two daughters Mary Biddle Penrose, and 
Anna Howard Wilkinson Penrose. 

Judge Penrose when he arrived here had consid- 
erable means, purchased a house in town and sev- 
eral tracts of land throughout the country, bixt a 
long life of idleness and extravagant living grad- 
ually reduced his means, and in his old age he was 
glad to accept the position of Justice of the peace, 
which he held at the period of his death, May 15, 
1829. 

His oldest son Charles B. lived here vdth us until 
21 years of age, in 1819, when he returned to Phila- 
delphia, finished his law studies, and settled in Car- 
lisle, Cumberland Co., became eminent at the Bar 
and a prominent politician, a State Senator in 1833, 
and re-elected to the same. In 1841 appointed by 
President Wm. H. Harrison, Solicitor of the Treas- 
ury, which office he held until the close of Tyler's 
administration. In 1847 settled in Phila., his native 
city, in 1856 again elected to the State Senate, and 
died at Harrisburg, April 6th, 1857, aged 59 
years. 

After the death of Judge Penrose his widow, 
with the two daughters and third son Clement Bid- 
die ^NTo. 2, went south to Louisiana, and became 
residents of the Parish of Jefferson, where in the 
course of time they all died, the son leaving a 
family. 

The ladies of this family were very aristocratic in 
their ideas, priding themselves very much on their 
lineage. 



218 BIOGKAPHICAL. 

JAMES LOWIiY DOKALDSON, 

"was born in the north of Ireland, of the ancient 
Scottish family of the Lowrys, which was his 
•original name. He came young to the United 
■States, and was bred to the law in the City of 
Baltimore, where his name was changed by Act 
of the Legislature of Maryland, to Donaldson, to 
■enable him to inherit an estate, that being the 
condition of the bequest. 

In 1805, he was appointed by the President 
Thos. Jefferson, under the Act of Congress, 
March 2^ 1805, " for the settlement of Land Claims 
*' in the new Territories'," Recorder of Land titles 
for Louisiana, to act with the two Land Cominis- 
eioners. And in December of the same year, pre- 
sented his commission as Attorney General for the 
Territory. 

When the Board organized in January, 1806, 
in St. Louis, he took his seat with Judge Jno. B. 
C. Lucas and Clement Biddle Penrose, and acted 
with them for some time. About the year 1807, 
he returned to Baltimore and resumed his profession 
of the Law. 

Ho lost his life at the head of his Regiment, in 
the defense of his adopted Country, at the Battle 
of North Point, near Baltimore, at the attack by 
the British on that place, Aug't 13, 1814, and his 
name is found inscribed on the monument erected 
in "Monument Square" in that City, to the 
memory of "the patriotic band who devoted their 
" lives to the welfare of their country on that 
■" memorable occasion." 



WILLIAM MORRISON. 219 

THE MORRISON BROTHERS 

were amongst the most noted of the early Ameri- 
cans of our Territorial days, being educated gen- 
tlemen, they soon became prominent in their 
respective communities. They were born at 
Doylestown, county seat of Bucks County, 25 
miles north of Philadelphia, one of the three coun- 
ties originally organized by Wm. Penii himself in 
1682. They were of Irish origin. 

An uncle, Gray Bryan, was a prominent whole- 
sale Dry Goods Merchant of Philadelphia, whose 
name is found in the first Directory of that City 
(1785) and for many years thereafter, and who 
sold extensively to our early merchants of the 
Mississippi Valley. In this long established house 
of their uncle, these gentlemen successively 
acquired their early business knowledge. 

There were some six or seven of them. 

William Morrison, the oldest, who had been 
associated with his uncle in Philadelphia, came 
out to Kaskaskia about the year 1795, and 
lived to become a prominent man in the coun- 
try, having stores at St. Louis, Kaskaskia 
and Cahokia. He was twice married, first to 
a lady in Illinois, after whose death he married 
in 1813, a daughter of Gen'l Daniel Bissell, U. 
S. A., and died in 1837 at Kaskaski, Ills. The 
former distinguished member of Congress, Wm. K. 
Morrison, is a grandson. 



220 BIOGRAPHICAI,. 

Robert Morrison came out in 1798 and settled 
in Kaskaslda, and married first a daughter 
of James Edgar, a brother of the noted Gen'l 
John Edgar. After the death of this lady 
Mr. Morrison married in 1806, Miss Donald- 
son, who had come ont from Baltimore with 
her brother previously mentioned. This lady was 
highly spoken of for her literarj'^ taste and culti- 
vation, and produced several articles, chiefly on 
moral or religious subjects ; she died in Belleville 
in 1813, and Morrison in Kaskaskia. 

They left several sons, one of them, J. L. Don 
Morrison, long a resident of our City. 

James Morrison settled in St. Charles, married 
Miss Saucier of Portage des Sioux, and was the 
father of the late Wm. M. Morrison, of St. Louis, 
the first Mrs. Geo. Collier, Mrs. Wm. G. Pettus, 
Mrs. Francis Yosti and Mrs. Richard Lockwood, 
all at %ne time of St. Louis. 

Jesse Morrison came out to this place in 1805, 
and for a time was associated with his brother 
James at St. Charles, and subsequently in Galena, ■ 
Illinois. Like the most of his brothers, he raised 
a large family. 

Samuel Morrison came to Kaskaskia in 1807. He 
spent some years in the Rocky Mountains as a 
clerk of Manuel Lisa' s Company ; he returned in 
1811, married shortly afterwards, and settled in 
Covington, Washington County, Illinois, where he 
died in 1828. 



GEN'L DANIEL BISSELL. 221 

Guy Morrison, the youngest, came to Kaskaskia 
in 1814, became a partner of his brother William 
in his Cahokia store, married the widow of Isaac 
]^. Henry, the printer of Col. Benton's Enq;a%rer, 
in St. Louis, in 1819-20, located a fine farm near 
Collinsville, Illinois, in 1826, became very wealthy, 
and died on his place in 18 — , and his widow but 
a few years since ; they left no children. 

At the present day the descendants of these 
Brothers Morrisons are very numerous, scattered 
throughout the west from Illinois to California. 



GEN'l DANIEL BISSELL 



the third in command at Bellefontaine, was born 
in Connecticut about the year 1768, son of a Revo- 
lutionary officer, was with St. Clair in 1791, a 
Lieutenant in 1794, a Captain Jan'y 1, 1799, a 
Lieut. Col. Aug't 18, 1808, and a Col. in 1812. 
Brigadier General 1815. 

He married at Middletown, Connecticut, in 1793, 
Deborah Seba, daughter of Jacob Seba, from 
Holland. 

When a captain in 1799, he had command of 
Fort Massac, on the Ohio, and on the death, of 
Col. Hunt, succeeded him at Bellefontaine, where 
he built the permanent buildings. After he was 
relieved from Bellefontaine in 1813-14, he went 
below to Baton Rouge and JSTew Orleans, and there 
was mustered out in 1821. 



222 BIOGRAPHICAL. - 

He died Dec. 14, ISHS, at 65 years of age, on 
his farm, Franklinton (nine miles north of St. 
Louis, on the road to Cantonment Belief ontaine,) 
where he possessed a large body of land. His 
widow died 'Nov. 15, 1843. 

They had three married daughters and a son. 

EUza, married to Wm. Morrison, merchant of 
Kaskaskia and St. Louis, July 20, 1813. 

Mary, married to Risdon H. Price, merchant of 
St. Louis, Aug. 30, 1815. 

Cornelia, rnarried to Maj. Thompson Douglass, 
Paymaster U. S. Army, Sept. 23, 1817. 

James, the only son, after being at school in 
Connecticut, went on to his father's place, of which 
he became the owner after the death of his mother, 
and lived there for some sixty years, dying but 
very recently. 



THE BISSELI BROTHERS, 



born in Connecticut, were seven in number, and 
all served in the war of the Revolution. 

Major Russell Bissell, born in 1755, was a 
Captain in 1793, in the 1st Regiment of 
Infantry and promoted to Major in 1797, the 
Regiment then garrisoning the different posts 
in the ^Northwest Territory. It crossed the 
Mississippi river to this side with Gen'l Wilkinson 
in 1805-6. 

He was the first commandant at the Cantonment 
at Belief ontaine, where he died Dec'r 18, 1807, 



CAPT. MACKEY WHERRY. 223' 

aged 52 years ; the stone slab over his grave is 
still in the little graveyard of the garrison. 

A son, Lewis Bissell, was in after years a Cap- 
tain, and suttler of the 6th Regiment, U. S. In- 
fantry at Coiincil Bluffs, and died — at his. 

residence near the Reservoir, Bissell' s Point. 



CAPT. MACKEY WHERRY 

was born in Chester County, Pennsylvania, July 10,. 
1766, and came out west in 1798. 

He lived first at St. Charles, Missouri, after the 
transfer to the U. S., where he established and oper- 
ated a tannery for some years. 

About 1804:-5 was appointed the first sheriff of 
St. Charles County. During the war of 1812 he 
commanded a company of Cavalry raised at St. 
Charles, and at the close of the war in 1815 he 
removed to St. Louis, and. was appointed Register 
and Collector of the town. 

At the incorporation of the city, April, 1823, he 
was reappointed to the same position which he held 
for four additional years, until 1827, when he was 
sncceeded in the oflSce by his oldest son, Jos. 
A. Wherry. 

Capt. Mackey Wherry, was married March 19, 
1800, at St. Louis, to Miss Louisa, daughter of the 
Rev'd Ichabod Camp, dec'd. 

They were the parents of several children, three 
of whom attained maturity and married, the others- 
dying young. 



224 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Mrs. Wherry died in St. Louis, Aug't 6, 1825, 
aged 57 years, and Mackey "Wherry Sr., in St. 
Louis County, Aug't 3, 1828, aged 62. 

Joseph A. Wherry, born Aug't 16, 1801, married 
Amelia H. Horner 'Noy. 5, 1835, at Helena, Arkan- 
sas, and died at St. Louis Feb. 13, 1843, Aet. 41, 6. 

Mackey M. Wherry, born ISTov. 57, 1802, mar- 
ried Elizabeth S. Horner March 8, 1832, at Hel- 
ena, Arkansas, and died at Florissant June 26, 
1864, Aet. 61, 7. 

Dan'l Boone Wherry, born l^ov. 25, 1804, died 
May 29, 1844, aged 39, 6 mos. 



CHARLES BOSSEEOSr 

was born in Vincennes, Indiana, and came to St. 
Louis about the time of the transfer, and went 
into the blacksmithing business at the north-west 
corner of Main and our present Pine street, where 
he conducted the business until his death, Feb. 6, 
1828. 

Jan'y 25, 1805, he married Miss Therese, daugh- 
ter of Louis Brazeau Sr. ; their children were : 

Therese, who married James Reed Oct. 12, 
1825. He died May 17, 1828, and she married 
again. 

Susan, who married Russell Farnham, Oct. 27, 
1829, and died Oct. 23, 1832. 

Leontine, who married James Corse, Feb. 18, 
1841. 



COL. THOMAS HUNT. 225 

Charles, who died a young man unmarried. 

Francis, who died a young man unmarried. 

Theodore, married Caroline W. Peacock, July 
20, 1846. 

Mrs. Theresa Bosseron Eeed, married her second 
husband, Sam'l Cole June 19, 1834. 

Mrs. Charles Bosseron Sr., survived nearly all 
her children and died in Jan'y, 1874, aged near 90 
years. 

COL. THOMAS HUNT OF THE EEVOLUTION, 

born in Massachusetts, a Lieut, in 1777, a Capt. 
in 1779, Major 1793, Lieut.-Col. 1802, and 
Colonel April 11, 1803, was the second command- 
ing officer at Belief on taine, succeeding Major K. 
Bissell, for the brief period of but seven months. 
He died there July 17, 1808, and was laid along 
side his friend and associate in arms. 

Again six short months still later, Col. Hunt 
was in turn followed by his wife, she died at the 
cantonment Jan'y 15, 1809, and was laid by her 
husband. 

Thus within the brief space of thirteen months 
were these three prominent personages laid to rest, 
in that far distant land on the very conjBnes of civ- 
ilization. 

Col. Hunt left a son, a young. Lieut., iii the 
Army, and two young daughters, who when grown 
became, the one the wife of Col. Josiah Snelling 
U. S. Army, and the other the wife of James Gr. 
Soulard of this City. 

15 



226 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

MA JOE THOMAS FOESYTHE 

was born in Detroit, December 5, 1771 (his father 
had come from Aberdeen, Scotland), and received 
a plain education. 

In 1793, with his step-brother, John Kenzie, who 
was afterwards the founder of Chicago, he went 
trading with the Illinois Indians. 

In one of his trips to the east, he married at Ha- 
gerstown, Maryland, a lady named De Maillot, and 
in 1809 he located at Peoria, Illinois, at which place 
he was appointed Indian Sub-Agent previous to the 
war of 1812, and removed to St. Louis in 1815 
or '16. 

Mrs. Sarah Forsythe died ISTov'r 21, 1829, at 
their residence North Main St., and Major Forsythe 
Oct. 29, 1833, on his farm (now in Forest Park), 
aged 62 years. 

Their children were : 

John, who died a young man of 21 years, a stu- 
dent with Doet. Farrar. 

Robert, born in 1808, died ISTov'r 1, 1872, aged 
64 years, in Forest Park. 

Mary, married Antoine R. Bonis, Oct. 14, 1835, 
and died within a year. 

Robert Forsythe, whose wife was Miss Anne Cul- 
ver, left three children, William, Mary and Louis. 



HON. PEEDEEICK BATES 



was born in Belmont, Goochland Co., "Virginia, 
June 23, 1777, of Quaker parents, but his father 



GOV. FREDERICK BATES. 227 

having fought for the Revolution was disowned by 
the Church. Frederick was one of seven brothers, 
Edward Bates being a younger one. 

In 1797, at the age of 20, he went to Detroit, 
where he was first engaged in mercantile pursuits, 
and was for a time Postmaster of the place, and 
U. S. receiver of public moneys, until its complete 
destruction by fire in June, 1805. 

In 1806 he removed to St. Louis, and was the 
first Recorder of the Board of Land Commissioners 
when the Office was created. 

He was second Secretary of the Territory, 
appointed May 7, 1807, by Pres't Jefferson, to 
succeed Joseph Browne, temporary Secretary, un- 
der Gov'r Wilkinson, and held the place for 13 
years under successive Governors until the forma- 
tion of the State Government in 1820, acting as 
Governor in their frequent absences from the Ter- 
ritory, and also as Recorder of Land Titles. 

He compiled the early Territorial laws printed 
in 1808, the first book printed in St. Louis or west 
of the Mississippi. 

In 1824 he was elected the second Governor of 
the State, filling the office but one short year. He 
died Aug't 2, 1825, on his farm in Bonhomme 
Township, at the age of 48 years, leaving a widow 
and four young -children. He was married March 
4, 1811), to Miss Kancy, daughter of Col. John S. 
Ball, of St. Louis County. 



228 BIOGRAPHICAL. 



in the year 1S03, were partners as merchants in 
Philadelphia. 

In 1808, Jacob Philipson came to St, Louis and 
opened a store on Main Street, which he carried 
on until 1811, when he quit business in that line, 
but continued his residence in Missouri, generally 
at St. Louis, until his death in January, 1858, a 
period of 50 years. 

He lived a portion of his time at Potosi, and 
married in the southern portion of the State, his 
children, of whom he left seven, being all born in 
Missouri. He lived for the last ten years of his 
life on South 3rd Street, and gave lessons in En- 
glish, French and German until near the close of 
his life. 

SIMON PHILIPSON 

continued to reside in Philadelphia, where his six 
children were all born, until the winter of 1821-22, 
when possessing some fine property in our near 
vicinity he concluded to follow his two brothers 
and make St. Louis his future home. His eldest 
son, Joseph, an accomplished young man of eigh- 
teen years, died about six months after they became 
settled in the place, followed in a couple of years 
by the death of his wife, an amiable well educated 
lady, and again some years later by another son, 
a lad of fourteen. It may perhaps be owing to 
these repeated domestic afflictions, but Mr. Philip- 
son never resumed business again. 



JOSEPH CHARLESS, SR. 229 

His oldest daughter, Miss Esther, was married 
on March 31, 1829, at the ag-e of 20, to Lieut. 
Eobert Emmett Clary, of the U. S. Army. 

Mr. Philipsoii, haviug survived the most of his 
children, died in August, 1841, naming his brother 
Joseph his executor and trustee for his two daugh- 
ters, Esther and Amanda. 

This third brother, Joseph Philipson, Sr., came 
to St. Louis in the year 1810, and purchased 
Habb's brewery, the fii;st one west of the Missis- 
sippi River, upon which he expended a large 
amount in improving the works and in purchasing 
other lands near by. In 1820-21, when financial 
affairs were almost prostrated throughout the 
country, Mr. J. Philipson became very much 
embarrassed, and was compelled to part with all 
his St. Louis property to meet his liabilities. 
Being an accomplished musician, he was compelled 
to adopt it as a profession, and for the balance of 
his days it was his only resource. 

He died in June, 1844, never having married. 

These brothers were well educated refined gen- 
tlemen, I think from Hamburg. 



JOSEPH OHAELESS, 8K., 

was born in Westmeath, Ireland, July 16, 1772. 
Being implicated in the Irish Rebellion of 1795, he 
fled to France and sailed for the United States, 
arriving in IS'ew York in 1796. He added an s 
to his name of Charles, in order to write it as it was 



230 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

pronounced " Oharless." He settled in Philadel- 
phia, and being a printer he worked for a time on 
William Duane's Aurora in Franklin Court. 

In 1798 he married Mrs. Sarah McCloiid, nee 
Jourdan, a widow with one son, Robert McCloud. 
In 1800 he removed with his family to Lexington, 
Ky., where he established a newspaper.- In 1806 
removed to Louisville, Ky., and in 1808 to St. 
Louis, Louisiana Territory, where he established 
the first paper west of the Mississippi Kiver, the 
"Missouri^'' Gazette, the first number being issued 
July 12, 1808. The following year he changed its 
name to " Louisiana Gazette " as more a,)propriate, 
and in 1812 again to '^^ Missouri Gazette,^'' the name 
of the territory being so changed. 

Mr. Oharless, Sr., was the proprietor of the paper 
some twelve years. In Sept., 1820, he disposed of 
it to James Cummins, from Pittsburgh, who con- 
ducted it for eighteen months, and re-disposed of 
it to Edward Charless, the oldest son of Joseph 
C, Sr., who changed the name to Missouri He- 
publican, and issued the first number under that 
title, March 20, 1822. 

Mr. Charless, Sr., some years thereafter estab- 
lished a wholesale Drug and Medicine house, asso- 
ciated with his son, Joseph Charless, Jr. 

Their children were : 

Edward, born in Philadelphia, April 12, 1799 ; he 
married Miss Jane Stoddard at St. Charles in March, 
1823, and died without children June 22, 1818, 
aged 49 years and 2 months. 



JOSEPH CHAELESS, JR. 231 

John, born in Lexington, Ky., in 1801; he died 
in St. Louis, Aug't 31st, 1816, aged 15 years. 

Joseph, Jr., born in Lexington in 1804, married 
Miss Charlotte, daughter of Peter Blow, Sr., in 
St. Louis, l!^ov'r 8, 1831. 

Ann, born in Lexington, in 1806, married first 
to Amos Wheeler, May 26, 1822 ; he died June 
S, 1822. Secondly, to Charles Wahrendorff, Sept. 
8, 1823; he died Aug. 27, 1831, aged 41 years; 
and third, to Beverly Allen, Oct. 16, 1832. And 
she herself died Nov. 1, 1832, fifteen days after 
her third marriage. 

Eliza, born in Louisville in 1808, married to 
John Kerr, St. Louis, Aug. 29, 1«27. She died 
without children June 5, 3833. 

Joseph Charless, Sr., died July 28, 1834, aged 
€2 years. 

Mrs. Sarah Charless died March 4, 1852, in her 
80th year; her son, Robert McCloud, born in 1795, 
died May 1, 1832, aged 37 years. 

JOSEPH CHARLESS, JR., 

born at Lexington, Ky., Jan'y 17, 1804, was early 
put to the case, didn't like it and went to school, 
read law with Josiah Spalding, aiid finished at 
Transylvania, Lexington, and tried law for some 
years ; not to his taste, he went into the Drug 
business with his father in 1828. 

Married Miss Charlotte Blow :N'ov. 8, 1831 ; died 
June 3, 1859 (assassinated by Thornton), in his 
56th year, leaving but one daughter, afterwards 



232 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

the wife of Louis S. Le Bourgeois, of Louisiana, 
both now deceased, leaving several children. 

Mrs. Jos. Charless still survives at a very ad- 
vanced age. 



THE M'KNiaHTS AND BRADTS 

were an L'ish crowd, numbering some four or 
five * of the former, and several of the latter. 
The whole gang came to St. Louis together, row- 
ing their own boat down from Pittsburgh, and 
reaching St. Louis early in 1809, the principals 
being John McKnight and Thomas Brady, who 
had formed a copartnership at the east. 

They opened a store at once and being enterpris- 
ing intelHgent men, the house of McKnight & 
Brady was not long in acquiring prominence, and 
soon became extensively known for its enterprise 
and public spirit. In 1810 they purchased a lot of 
60 feet front, the southwest corner of Main and 
Pine, with an old stone house of the primitive 
French days. Here they transacted their business 
for the next six years. 

In 1816, they erected on this lot a double brick 
house, of two stores, with a hall in the center, 
leading to the upper part, designed for a public- 
house, which on completion was opened that same 
fall by Timothy Kibby, from St. Charles, as the 
" Washington Hall," the seventh brick house in St. 



* These McKnis;hts were John, Thomas, James, Robert and William. 
John never married and died a confirmed old bachelor. 



THOMAS BEADY. 233 

Louis, and the first built for a Hotel, in which, on 
the 22d February following, 1817, the first observ- 
ance of "Washington's birthday west of the Missis- 
sippi river took place by a public dinner, presided 
over by Gov'r Wm. Clark. 

In 1812 Mr. Brady purchased Glamorgan's stone 
dwelling, with the block of ground on which it 
stood, near the upper end of Main Street, in which 
he resided until 1819, when he built another about 
three miles north of the village. 

In 1820 they dissolved their copartnership, hav- 
ing during its continuance purchased and sold ex- 
tensively of real estate. 

Mr. Brady was married in Il^ovember, 1814, at 
Ste. Genevieve, to Miss Harriet, a daughter of 
John Rice Jones, Bsq'r, and died Oct. 11, 1821, 
leaving his widow with three little girls, the oldest 
about six years old. The Kight Rev'd Bishop Du- 
bourg officiated at the funeral obsequies. 

After the death of Tho's Brady, the widow re- 
moved to the City, and her father, John Rice 
Jones, then Chief Justice of the Supreme Court 
of the State, lived with her until his death, January 
31, 1824, when she removed to Ste. Genevieve 
and afterwards became the second wife of John 
Scott. 

The three little girls grew to be women and mar- 
ried: 

The eldest to George Campbell, of Galena. 

The second to Ferdinand Rozier JSTo. 2, of Ste. 
Genevieve. 



234 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

BARTHOLOMEW BERTHOLD, 

son of Alexander Berthold and Maria Magdalena 
Beltramy, was born near the City of Trent, on the 
Adige, in the Italian Tyrol in the year 1780. 

In 1798, at eighteen, he came to the United 
States, remained for a time in Philadelphia, and 
then settled in Baltimore, where he lived for some 
years. In 1809, associated with Kene Paul, he 
came with a stock of fresh goods to St. Louis, 
Where they established themselves in business. 

Mr. Berthold was married on Jan'y 10, 1811, to 
Miss Pelagie, the only daughter of Major Pierre 
Chouteau, Sen'r. 

In 1812, Mr. B. built a brick house for his 
store and dwelling on Main Street, the first brick 
building, not in St. Louis alone but west of the 
Mississippi River, into which he removed on its 
completion late in that year. 

On June 6, 1812, the firm of Berthold & Paul 
was dissolved, and Mr. B. went into partnership 
with his brother-in-law, Peter Chouteau, Jr. 

On May 1,1813, "Berthold & Chouteau" opened 
their new firm with a freph Stock of Merchandise 
they had purchased at the east. This was the 
foundation and origin of what, in a very few years 
thereafter, by the addition of two new partners, 
Messrs. Jno. P. Cabanne and Bernard Pratte, Sr., 
with their added capital, became the great and 
wealthy " American Fur Company," that for many 
yeai'S almost monopolized the fur trade of the 
upper country, and acquired large wealth. 



LOUIS RENE PAUL. 235 

Mr. Berthold, Sr., died April 20, 1831, at the 
age of 51 years. 

Mrs. B. survived him 44 years, dying May 24, 
1875, in her 85th year. ' 

Their children were : 

Pierre Alexander, born JSTov. 17, 1811, married 
Virginia E. Maclot, Jan'y 31, 1837. 

Auguste, born Feb. 26, 1814, died unmarried in 
1837. 

Pelagie TalHa, born Oct. 3, 1815, died 1885. 

Amedee, born Feb. 10, 1818, died 1886. 

M. T. Clara, born April 12, 1819, married to 
Wm. L. Ewing, in 1838. 

Frederick, born Oct. 18, 1821, married to Vir- 
ginia Sarpy, 1847. 

Emilie, born Jan. 29, 1824, first Mrs. Kennedy, 
secondly Mrs. "Waggaman. 

The children of P. A. Berthold are : 

Mrs. Sanford of JS'ew York, and Mrs. Ladd and 
Miss Martha of St. Louis, three daughters, and 
Augustus and Bartholomew — two sons. 

Mrs. Ewing has : 

Augustus, Wm. L. and Frederick, three sons. 
Mrs. Kerr, Mrs. Taylor, Mrs. "Wilson — three 
daughters. 



GABRIEL E. ANT> LOUIS E. PAUL, 

were sons of Eustache Paul and Marie Scholas- 
tique Mace, were born at Cape Francois, Island 
of St. Domingo, and with their mother and sisters 
were in Paris, for their education, when the insur- 



236 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

rection of the negroes broke oat in the Island in 
1793. Their father Mr. Paul being, as all others, 
compelled to leave the Island took passage for Phil- 
adelphia, he died on the voyage and was buried 
at sea. 

The widow remained in France for about ten 
years, until the children were grown, and their 
education completed. They then came to the 
United States in 18U2, and took up their residence 
in Baltimore, where the sons einbarked in business 
(the eldest Miss Paul had been married in Paris 
in 1801 to Mr. Fleury Generelly of Lyons, who 
came with them to the United States, and went 
into business in Philadelphia. In the fall of 1814 
Mr. Generelly removed to New Orleans with his 
family, arriving there in December jast in time to 
participate in the battle of Jan'y 8, 1815, two of his 
children, a daughter born in Philadelphia in 1805, 
and a son born in New Orleans in 1838, are yet 
living there in 1888). 

In the year 1809, Rene Paul associated with Mr. 
Bartholomew Berthold, came to St. Louis and com- 
menced business. 

April 9, 1812. He married Miss Marie Therese 
Eulalie, the eldest daughter of Col. Augustus 
Chouteau. 

She died May 18, 1835, at the age of 38 years. 
Col. Paul survived her about 16 years and died in 
1851, aged about 70 years. 

Their- children were : 

Gabriel Rene, born March 21, 1813, married 
Miss Whistler in 1835. 



GEN'L G. K. PAUL. 237 

Edmund, born Feb'y 22, 1816, [married Marie 
E. St. Yrain, 1836. 

Maria Louisa Estelle, born March 8, 1818, died 
an infant. 

Emilie ] June 14, 1819, married Peter N. Ham. 

Louise ) June 14, 1819, married Charles 
Dubreuil. 

Sophia Tulia, born Dec. 11, 1821, married 
Frederick Beckwith. 

Julius, born Mar. 9, 1828, died aged 16 years. 

Harriet, born June 16, 1831, died young. 

Julia Augustine, born July 24, 1834, died 
young. 

And two or three that died infants, all now 
deceased except Mrs. Beckwith, who is the sole 
survivor of the children of Col. Rene Paul. 

GBNEKAIi G. R. PAUL, U. S. A. 

Graduated at "West Point in the year 1834, and 
was assigned to the 7th Infantry Col. Wm. Whist- 
ler, then stationed in the Cherokee nation. 

In December, 1834, he was a 2nd Lieut. ; Oct. 
1836, a first Lieut.; in 1846 a Captain; 1847, 
Brevet Major; 1861, Major; 1862, Lieut.-Col. ; 
1864, Colonel; 1866, Brigadier-General. 

At the battle of Gettysburg, he was supposed to 
have been mortally wounded and was left for dead 
on the field, but his life was miraculously pre- 
served, although blinded by the shot, and after- 
wards lived to a good old age. 

He was twice married, first at Fort Gibson, 
March 24, 1835, to Miss Mary Ann "Whistler, the 



238 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

daughter of his Colonel, his three daughters of 
this wife, were in after years married, one to Capt. 
Gurden Chapin, another to Capt. Chas. B. Stivers, 
U. S. A., and the third to Mr. Duff , c ommissary ; 
he left also a son by this first wife. 

By his second wife a Mrs. R. Rogers, a widow 
lady who survives him, he left two daughters, one 
a married lady residing in I^ew York. 

Gen'l Paul died in Washington, May 5, 1886, 
aged 73 years. 

CAPT. EDMIHSTD PAUL, 

second son of Col. Rene Paul, born 1816, married 
in 1836, commanded a Company of the St. Louis 
Legion, in the Mexican war of 1846-7. 

He died in St. Louis, June 27, 1880, aged 64 
years and 4 months. Of a family of several 
children, one son and the widow survive. 



was born in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, 
in 1783, and came to Missouri in 1806 and settled 
at Mine a Burton, Washington County, where he 
became a prominent individual, representing that 
county in the Convention that framed the Consti- 
tution of the State, and subsequently in the House 
of Representatives and Senate of the State. 

In 1817 he was married to Mrs. Anne M. Lowe, 
whose first husband was Capt. Joseph Cross, of 
the 1st Regiment U. S. Artillery. This lady was 



COL. R. P. FAREIS. 239 

born in ]!^orthumberland County, Pemi'a, April 11, 
1786. 

They raised but one' daughter, who became the 
wife of Edward Bredell. 

Capt. S'. Perry died at Potosi, "Washington 
County, Mo., Dec. 12, 1880, aged 47 years, and 
Mrs. Perry died at St. Louis, Feb'y 12, 1860, aged 
73 years and 10 montlis. 



COL. EOBEET P. PARRIS, 

was born in l^atick, near Boston, Mass., in the 
year 179+ . 

He came to St. Louis about 1815-16, and com- 
menced the practice of law. In 1820-21, he was 
appointed Lieut. -Col. of the First JRegiment of 
Missouri militia under the new militia law at St. 
Louis, and in 1822 was elected to the position of 
Colonel. 

In 1822, he was appointed by Governor McNair, 
Circuit Attorney for the County of St. Louis, and 
entered upon his duties at the June term of that 
year. This office he held for seven years, being 
succeeded in the same by Hamilton Gamble, March 
23, 1829. 

Col. Farris was married on Mai'ch 31, 182-1, at 
Potosi, "Washington County, Mo., to Miss Cath- 
erine Ann Cross, daughter of Capt. Joseph Cross, 
formerly of the United States Artillery, and step- 
daughter of Samuel Perry, Esq., merchant. She 
died March 2, 1829, at the age of 21. 



240 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Col. Parris died in this city Dec'r 27, 1830, the 
year after his wife, aged about 36 years, leaving 
an only son, the Rev'd Robert P. Parris. 



DOCT. BEKlSrAED GAIN"ES PAERAE, 

son of Joseph Royal Parrar, was born in Gooch- 
land County, Virginia, July 4, 1785. His parents 
removed to Kentucky in the same year. 

In the year 1800, at fifteen years of age, he 
commenced his medical studies in Cincinnati, and 
afterwards in Lexington, Ky. 

In 1804, he attended medical lectures at the 
University in Philadelphia. 

In 1806, when 21 years of age, he located at 
Prankfort, Ky., but at the suggestion of his 
brother-in-law. Judge Cob urn, one of the terri- 
torial Judges of Missouri, removed to St. Louis 
the following year, he being the first American 
Physician who established himself west of the 
Mississippi River. His professional card appears 
in the Gazette, May 16, 1809. 

In 1812, Jan'y, he was associated for a short 
time in the Drug and Medicine business with Mr. 
Joseph Charless, Sr., of the Oazette; and in 
Aug't, 1812, he formed an association in business 
with Doct. David V. Walker, who had just come 
to the place. As these two gentlemen became 
subsequently brothers-in-law, their wives being 
daughters of Major Wm. Christy, their copart- 
nership in business continued until dissolved by 



JUDGE ROBERT WASH. 241 

the death of Doct. Walker, April 9, 1824, a 
'period of twelve years. 

Doct. Farrar was twice married. 

First, in 1811, to Miss Sarah, the oldest 
daughter of Major Wm. Christy. She died on 
Nov'r 3, 1817, leaving two sons and one daugh- 
ter, Wm. Clark Farrar and James Leach Farrar, 
both deceased unmarried, and Martha Farrar, 
relict of the late Jas. T. Sweringen, deceased. 

Doct. Farrar married his second wife, Ann 
Clark Thruston, in Louisville, Kentucky, Feb'y, 
1820, by whom he left at his decease a number 
of sons and daughters. 

He died in the summer of 1849, and Mrs. 
Farrar April, 1878, aged 79. 



JUDGE ROBERT "WASH 

was born in Louisa County, Virginia, IS^ov'r 29, 
1790. He received a good education at William 
and Mary College, where he graduated in 1808, at 
the age of 18, came west and opened a Law-oflSce 
in St. Louis in 1810. 

During the war of 1812-15 he served on Gen'l 
Benjamin Howard's staff with the rank of Major. 
He was not long enough at the Bar to acquire 
much fame as a Lawyer, but that he made an ac- 
ceptable judge is generally admitted. 

Like most Virginians, Judge Wash was a great 
hunter, fond of the chase, and always kept a pack 
of hounds. 

16 



242 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

After the incorporation of the City, he served 
for a time as an Alderman in 1823, and was always 
very sanguine of the future prosperity of St. Louis, 
so that investing his limited means in real estate, 
it laid the foundation of an ample fortune, which 
he enjoyed through life. 

He was appointed one of the Judges of the Su- 
preme Court, to fill a vacancy in 1824, which posi- 
tion he held for thirteen years and resigned in 1837. 
He had previously held under President Monroe the 
position of United States District Attorney. 

Judge Wash was twice married. First, in 1828 
to Frances, widow of Major Taylor Berry and 
daughter of Major Wra. Christy, who bore him one 
daughter, who became the wife of Greo. W. Goode, 
and 

Secondly, Miss Eliza L. Taylor, daughter of 
Col. ]S"at. P. Taylor. They had several sons and 
daughters. . 

Judge Wash died 'Nov. 29, 1856, having just 
completed his 66th year. 



JAMES A. GEAHAM 

was a young lawyer from Pennsylvania, of a family 
of position in the Cumberland Yalley (Carlisle or 
Shippensburgh) , and came to the place about 
1809-10. 

In the earl}' part of 1810 he received a challenge 
for a duel, from whom is not stated, which he de- 
clined to accept on the plea that the challenger was 



DOCT. ROBERT SIMPSON. 243 

not a gentleman. The bearer of the challenge, 
Doet. B. Farrar, according to the code, took his 
place. Graham was severely wounded, and went 
on crutches tor nearly a year, and died towards its 
close, while on his way to the East. 

Eobert Wash administered on his estate, and 
gave bond in six hundred dollars, his personal prop- 
erty being inventoried at exceeding that amount, 
"Wash's securities being Wm. Christy and Capt. 
Jas. O. Allen. 

Graham had been employed by Matthew Kerr, 
Merchant, to collect for him, they being from the 
same place. He had a well furnished room, a fine 
riding horse, pistols, &c., but as he did not die in 
St. Louis, but on his way home, his death is not 
found in our paper. Accounts against his estate 
were allowed in 1814, and Wash's final settlement 
and discharge in the year 1826. 



DOCT. ROBERT SIMPSON 

was born in Charles County, Maryland, Nov. 1, 
1785 ; when young he studied medicine at Phila- 
delphia, and graduated at the College. 

In 1809 he was appointed Ass't Surgeon in the 
United States Army, and was ordered to St. 
Louis. In 1810 he accompanied the troops that 
established Fort Madison, Upper Mississippi, and 
remained one year, and then returned to St. 
Louis. 



244 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

1811, June 27, Doct. Simpson was married to 
Miss Breeia Smith, from Massachusetts, sister of 
Mrs. Col. Kufus Baston. 

1812, opened a Drug Store and appointed 
Postmaster to succeed Col. Easton. 

1823, appointed Collector of St. Louis County. 

1826, elected Sheriff of the County, and in 
1828 re-elected the same. 

1840 to 1846, served seven years as City 
Comptroller, and as 

Cashier of the Boatmen's Savings Institution. 

Doct. Simpson died May 2, 1873, in his 88th 
year, his wife having preceded him. They had 
several sons, the last of whom, Symmes, died at 
Davenport, Iowa, Aug't 4, 1885, aged 72 years. 

Their only daughter,, the wife of Gen. A. J. 
■Smith, yet survives. 



JUDGE ALEXANDER STUART, 

from Virginia, was practicing Law in Kaskaskia 
as early as 1806-7, and then came over to St. 
Louis about the year 1809. 

When Chonteau & Lucas laid out their addi- 
tion to the little old French village of St. Louis 
on the hill in 1816, Alex'r Stuart was the first 
purchaser of a lot in the same. 

On the 22d of May, 1816, he purchased from 
Chouteau for $1,200 the block of ground 
bounded by Market, Walnut, Fifth and Sixth 
Streets, 270 by 288 feet, then considered a fair 
price. 



HON. DAVID BARTON. 245 

He was appointed by Gov'r Alex'r Mc^fsTair, 
Judge of the St. Louis Circuit Court to succeed 
Judge N. B. Tucker; he was on the bench 
from 1823 to 1826, and was succeeded in turn 
by Judge Wm. C. Carr. 

He died in January, 1833, while on a visit to 
Virginia. 

HOlSr. DAVID BAKTON, 

the eldest of six brothers, was ■ born in Green 
County, Korth Carolina, (now a part of East 
Tennessee,) Dec. 14, 1783, and came when a 
young man .to Missouri, prior to the commence- 
ment of the war with England in 1812, and served 
for some time, as a mounted Ranger in that war. 

In 1814, he commenced the practice of the law 
in St. Louis. Upon the establishment of the Cir- 
cuit Courts in 1814-15, he was appointed by the 
Governor, the first Judge of the Northern Circuit, 
and held his first terra at St. Louis on April 10, 
1815. This position he held for three years, and 
then resumed the practice of the law in 1818. 

Being very popular with the people, he was 
elected to preside over the convention that adopted 
the State constitution in 1820, and then by a unan- 
imous vote of the Legislature, our first Senator in 
Congress, his colleague being Col. Thos. H. Ben- 
ton, in drawing lots for the term he drew the short 
one for four years. In 1824, he was re-elected 
Senator for the full term of six years, and served 
until 1830. 



246 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Afterwards, he served as a State Senator in 
1834-35. In his late years he had become very 
intemperate, and died unmarried, near Boonville, 
Cooper County, Sept. 28, 1837. 

JOSHUA BAETON, 

the second brother, came to St. Louis with, or 
about the same time with David the oldest. He 
studied law with Col. Easton, in St. Louis, and 
after being admitted to the Bar, he became asso- 
ciated in the practice with his friend Edward Bates. 

After the formation of the State government, he 
was appointed Secretary of State, which office he 
resigned to accept the appointment of United 
States District Attorney, which oflSce he held at the 
time of his death on June 30th, 1823. 

He was killed in a duel on Bloody Island, by 
Thos. C. Rector; like his brother David he was 
never married. 

ISAAC BARTON, 

a third brother, came to St. Louis, some little time 
a:^ter the two first. He was for a time a Deputy 
Sheriff. 



WILLIAM SMITH, 8K., MERCHANT, 

was born in Culpepper County, Virginia, in 1772, 
moved young to Lexington, Ky., and was there 
married to Eliza Brady. 

He came to St. Louis with his family in the year 
1810. Having ample means he purchased from B. 



WILLIAM SMITH, MERCHANT. 247 

Pratte, Sr., a lot on the east side of Main Street, 
just north of Market, upon which in 1812 he erected 
the second brick house built in the Town, for his 
store and residence, which he occupied until his 
death in 1817. 

During the few years between his arrival in the 
place and death, being a business man of means and 
an active politician, he acquired prominence and 
influence in our then little town, was a director in 
our first bank of St. Louis, &c. 

* He died Sunday, Sept. 28, 1817, at the age of 
45 years, leaving his widow, four sons and one 
daughter, viz. : 

John B. Smith, who was afterwards twice mar- 
ried. 

William, who married the daughter of Wm. 
Stokes. 

Henry, who died unmarried. 

Dalzell, who also married subsequently, and 

Juliana, who died a young lady, in 1822. 

The widow of Wm. Smith was married on Dec. 
29, 1827, to Lewis Edward Hempstead, a grandson 
of Capt. Stephen Hempstead, Sen'r. She died 
Oct. 24, 1832. 



* The day following the death of Charles Lucas, in his duel with Col. 
Thos. H. Benton, a collection of idlers were assembled in front of 
Washington Hall, southeast corner of Main and Pine Streets, discussing 
the unfortunate affair of the preceding day, when an altercation arose be- 
tween Smith and a William Tharp, who received a blow from Smith, 
whereupon Tharp drew his pistol and shot Smith dead. 



248 BIOGRAPHICAL. 



\ 



JOHN B. SMITH, MERCHANT, 

the eldest son of the above, was born in Lexington, 
Ky., in January, 1800. On coining of age in 1821, 
he formed a connection with Alexander Ferguson, 
under the style of " Smith & Ferguson, Dry-goods 
Merchants," at IS'o. 7 North Main, which continued 
for several years, and on the younger brothers be- 
coming of age was subsequently changed to 

" SMITH BROTHERS," 

Ferguson retiring. The firm continued for a num- 
ber of years. At the organization of the State 
Bank of Missouri, in 1837, John B. Smith was 
elected its first President, holding the office for — 
consecutive years. In 1852-54 he was appointed 
State and County Collector, and subsequently 
United States Surveyor for the port of St. Louis. 

Jno. B. Smith was twice married. 

1st. In New York, in 1821, to Miss Louisa, 
youngest daughter of Capt. Alexander McDougall, 
formerly of the British Navy, and his wife. Miss 
Ellsworth, of New York. Their children were : 

Ellsworth F., born in 1825, married to Miss Belle 
Chenie in 1861, with 5 children. 

Charles Bland, born in 1830, married to Miss 
Emilie Demun, 1860. 

Julia Penelope, born in — , married to Jno. H. 
Wilson, 1845, and died in 1861. 

Jno. B. Smith's first wife died Feb. 18, 1832, 



CAPT. JOSEPH CROSS. 249' 

and iu 183(3 he married Mrs. Penelope Hepburn, 
her sister. 

John Brady Smith died in March, 1865, at the 
age of 65 years. 



was born in the year 1776, and was appointed 
from Massachusetts an Ensign in the Battalion 
of Artillery in 1797. 

Promoted Feb. 16, 1801, a first Lieutenant. 

Promoted 'Noy. 7, 1808, a Captain, and left 
the service in 1818, at St. Louis. 

During his service of sixteen years, he was 
the most of his time on duty in the west. 

In 1805 he was stationed at Michilimacinac, 
iu 1807-8 at Niagara and Fort Pitt, in 1810 
brought troops to St. Louis for Bellefontaine, 
in the fall descended the Mississippi with a de- 
tachment for Natchez and Fort Adams, went 
around by sea to the east. In 1811 came again 
to St. Louis with a detachment of troops for 
Bellefontaine, and two years later his military 
career was brought to a close. 

Capt. Cross was an educated, well read man, 
poetically inclined, as is shown by several of 
his published effusions in prose and verse. Of 
a convivial disposition, a jovial good fellow, fond 
of the pleasures of the table, he gradually ac- 
quired a taste for drink, not uncommon with 
gentlemen of the Army, which resulted in his 



250 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

being compelled to leave the service May 20, 
1813. Shortly afterwards he left the country for 
Arkansas and Texas. 

In the fall of 1807 Capt. Cross was married 
at IS'iagara Falls to Miss Anna M. Lowe, born 
in Northumberland County, Penn'a. Their chil- 
dren were : 

Catherine Anne, born at Fort Pitt in 1808, 
married to Col. Rob't P. Farris, of St. Louis, 
in 1824, and ' died in 1829, aged 21 years, and 
Horatio JN'elson, born in 1811. 

In 1817, Mrs. Cross, having obtained a legal 
separation from her first husband, w^as married 
at . Potosi, Washington County, to Capt. Samuel 
Perry, merchant of that place. 

HORATIO NELSON CROSS, 

married Feb'y 19, 1833, Margaret Emily Austin. 
After the death of H. N. Cross his widow was 
married to Chas. D. Drake, March 9, 1842, now 
living in Washington City. 

I 

CAPT. HANNIBAL MONTE80UE ALLEN 

was born in Vermont, and appointed from that ' 
State, on June 27, 1804, a second Lieut, in the 
Artillery Regiment. 

Jan'y 31, 1806, a first Lieut, in the same. 

Jan'y 29, 1811, a Captain in the same. 

He died May 11, 1813, at Norfolk, Virginia. 

Capt. Allen was married at Niagara Falls, in 
the fall of 1807, to Miss Catherine Lowe, a 
sister of Mrs. Capt. Joseph Cross. 



HEMPSTEAD FAMILY. 251 



CAPT. STEPHEN HEMPSTEAD, SR., 

was born in New London, Connecticut, May 6, 
1754, and married Mary Lewis, born Feb'y 24, 
1757 in that place, where they continued to reside 
for many years after their marriage and where tlieir 
numerous family of sons and daughters were all 
born. In the year 1811 Capt. Hempstead, then in 
his fifty-seventh year, with the largest portion of his 
family came to St. Louis where they arrived on 
June 12, 1811. 

Two of his sons had preceded him to St. Louis, 
Edward and Stephen, Jr., and three sons and three 
daughters came with him, with some of his grand- 
children, while others of his children remained and 
ended their days in Connecticut. 

The sons who came with him were Thomas, 
Charles S. and William young men and boys, and 
long afterwards an older one, Joseph. 

The daughters were Mary, the widow of Keeney, 
with a son a lad, and a daughter of Keeney by a 
former wife. 

Sarah, wife of Elijah Beebe, with her husband 
and children. 

Miss Susan, unmarried. 

There was also in his party, an Ehsha Beebe, a 
brother of his son-in-law Elijah, also with a young 
family. So that the Captain's colony numbered 
twenty souls, and was an event in our early history 
long remembered and talked of. 



252 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Mrs. Stephen Hempstead, Sr., died in St. Louis, 
Sept. 13, 1820, aged 63. 

Capt. Hempstead, Sr., died in St. Louis Oct. 3, 
1831, aged 77 years 5 mos. 



was born in New London, Connecticut, May 13, 
1787, and was bred a hatter. In 1808, when he had 
reached 21 years of age, he emigrated to St. Louis, 
where his brother Edward had gone before him, and 
where he arrived on July 15, 1808. 

Li 1819, his brother-in-law Manuel Lisa, a Mis- 
souri Fur trader, employed him to take a stock of 
goods to the mouth of the Yellowstone river, 
where he remained a considerable time and then 
returned to St. Louis, and soon after located in St. 
Charles, where he resided several years. Thence 
he went to the gold mines of Virginia, thence to 
Tennessee, and finally back to Missouri in 1861, 
since which time he has resided in Callaway 
County. 

Mr. S. Hempstead, Jr., was married in January, 
1809, at Portage des Sioux, St. Charles County, to 
Miss Marie Louise Lefevre, of that village. He 
died at his home in Callaway County, June 3, 1873, 
at the age of 86 years and 21 days. He was gored 
to death by a furious bull. 

CHARLES S. HEMPSTEAD, ESQB., 

the fourth of the numerous sons of old Capt. Stephen 
Hempstead, Sr., was born in New London, Conn't, 



THOMAS HEMPSTEAD. 253 

in 1793, and came here with his father's fainily in 
1811 ; he read law in his brother Edward's office 
until the death of, the latter in 1817. After finish- 
ing his legal studies he was admitted to practice. 

May 15, 1819, he was married to Miss Rachel 
Wilt, a sister of Christian and Andrew Wilt, bo^rn 
in Philadelphia in 1795. She died Oct. 28, 1823, at 
the age of 28 years, leaving two sons, Charles and 
Edward. Mr. Hempstead remained in St. Louis for 
some years after his wife's death, and about the 
year 1828 he removed to Galena, Illinois, where he 
resided for many years until his death at an ad- 
vanced age but a few years back. 

After his removal to Galena, he married a widow 
Barnes, one of his sons married a daughter of Major 
John P. B. Gratiot, and settled in Arkansas, Hemp- 
stead County, in that State being named from him. 

THOMAS HEMPSTEAD, 

the fifth son of Stephen Hempstead, Sr., was born 
in IS^ew London, Connecticut, in the year 1795, and 
came to St. Louis with his father's family in 1811, 
at the age of 16 years. 

Of a restless roving disposition when young, he 
was for a few years engaged in the Indian trade of 
the Missouri. 

After he became of age he appeared to settle 
down to business, purchased several pieces of choice 
property, which he resold, realizing a handsome 
profit on them, and was supposed to be prospering, 
when in 1825 he suddenly left St. Louis and never 
returned. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 

In 1819 he was appointed U. S. Military Store- 
keeper for St. Louis, and Paymaster of the Missouri 
Militia. 

Ahout 1841, a brother, William, having good 
grounds for believing him dead, made application to 
the Probate Court for letters of administration on 
his estate. 

Mr. Hempstead had married in 1817, Miss Corne- 
lia, daughter of Judge Henry Vanderburgh, of Yin- 
cennes, Indiana ; they had but one child, named 
after her mother, Cornelia V., who subsequently 
became the wife of a Jno. D. Wilson, and with the 
mother continued to reside in St. Louis for a num- 
ber of years thereafter. 



JOSHUA PILCHER 

was born in Culpepper County, Virginia, March 15, 
1790 ; came to St. Louis during the war of 1812-15. 
Originally a hatter by occupation, being a gentle- 
man of intelligence and enterprise, he engaged in 
mercantile pursuits, associated for some time with 
Col. Thos. F. Riddick, who was a relative. 

About the year 1820 he engaged in the Fur trade 
of the Upper Missouri River, in which pursuit he 
spent a number of years, and acquired a thorough 
knowledge of the various tribes of that region. 

At the death of Gen'l Wm. Clark, in 1838, Mr. 
Pilcher was appointed by President Van Buren to 
succeed him in the office of Superintendent of In- 
dian affairs at St. Louis. This position he filled 



JUDGE PETER FERGUSON. 255 

for about five years, dying here, unmarried, on 
June 5, 1843, aged 53 years, 2 months and 21 
days. 

HON. JUDGE PETER FERGUSON 

was born Jan'y 26, 1788, in Scotland, supposed at 
Edinburgh. He earne to America a young man, 
and settled at Norfolk, Virginia, where in the year 
1809, he married a lady of Princess Anne County. 

In the war of 1812-15, he was a captain and 
commanded a company at Norfolk. In 1817 he re- 
moved to St. Louis and for a time followed his trade 
of a plasterer. He was appointed a Justice of the 
Peace by the Hon. Fred'k Bates, acting Governor 
of the Territory in 1818, and in 1819 was elected 
Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Town, in 
which year the first street paving was done, on Mar- 
ket Street from Main to the Levee. 

He was a member of the Board of Aldermen for 
several years, also an Assistant Clerk in the County 
Court and Recorder's Offices. 

In 1841 a Probate Court being established, he 
was elected the first Probate Judge, serving contin- 
uously until 1858, a period of over seventeen years, 
during all which time he failed to hold his courts 
but one term and that from sickness only. 

Judge Ferguson died June 15, 1863, aged 75 
years. He left but one son, Wm. Findley Fergu- 
son, born in Norfolk, who succeeced his father as 
Probate Judge, serving one term of six years, and 
died in August, 1883. 



256 BIOGKAPHICAL. 

JOHN W. HOTSTEY, 

the stepbrother of Col. Thos. F. Riddick above, was 
born at Suffolk, Virginia, Oct. 2, 1789. In 1809 he 
followed his brother to St. Louis, and was employed 
as a clerk to assist him in the Land Commissioner's 
office. 

On Sept. 22, 1810, when not yet quite 21 years of 
age, he was married to Miss Marie Antoinette, the 
youngest daughter of Sylvestre Labbadie, Sr., de- 
ceased. 

They lived together for about five years', when 
from some cause they parted and were. divorced in 
the year 1815. 

Mr. Honey was again married on March 13, 1817, 
at Herculaneum, Jefferson County, to Miss Clarissa, 
daughter of Mr. Elias Bates, and took up his resi- 
dence at that place, where he lived lintil his death 
on Sept. 2, 1832, at the age of 43 years.' 

A daughter is the wife of our former Governor 
Thos. C. Fletcher. 

Marie Antoinette Labbadie, after her separation 
from her first husband, Jno. W. Honey, was mar- 
ried Oct. 19, 1816, to John Little, an Irish gentle- 
man ; she died Feb. 18, 1818, after a brief marriage 
of but 16 months at the early age of 25 years 
without children. 

John Little died in October, 1820. 



MABAMB ANGELICA PBSCAY. 

In the territorial days of St. Louis, there were 
several ladies here who from their natural abilities. 



MAD'E A. PESCAY. 257 

superior education, and a tact for business, played 
important parts in the community. One of the most 
conspicuous of these, was the lady whose name 
heads this article. 

Her maiden name was Angelica La Grange, of a 
noted old family of France, where she received her 
education, and became the wife of a Francis Pescay, 
of the Island of St. Domingo, from whence at the 
negro insurrection of 1793, they came to Philadel- 
phia, where they kept a retail store for some years. 

In the year 1810, being a widow, she came to St. 
Louis with her two sons, G-eorge, the eldest, a 
young man just of age, and Julius, some years 
younger ; they brought with them a stock of mer- 
chandise and opened a store. In January su.cceed- 
ing, 1811, George Pescay left for New Orleans in a 
keel-boat with a cargo of lead, the proceeds of their 
stock of goods. The boat was snagged, sunk, 
cargo lost and young Pescay drowned. After the 
old lady had somewhat recovered from the terrible 
shock, finding it necessary to engage in something 
for her support, and encouraged by sympathizing 
friends, she concluded to open a day and boarding 
school of a superior class for young ladies, there 
being at that day none in the west. With this pur- 
pose she purchased an eligible lot on the Second 
street, erected a suitable building, issued a prospec- 
tus, and opened her Academy in May, 1812. 

She was successful in her enterprise, well patron- 
ized by our first families, and completed the educa- 
tion of a number of young ladies of the place and 
vicinity. She continued in this occupation about 

17 



258 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

four years, when her other son, Julius, having 
grown to manhood, and herself perhaps desiring a 
change, she gave up the Academy and again em- 
barked in business. In 1822 they removed to Pen- 
sacola, Florida. 

Julius Pescay, having a short time previously 
married a Miss Marinot, from Philadelphia, an old 
family acquaintance. They all died in the South. 



MICHAEL TESSOX 

was born in the Island of St. Domingo. He was 
the son of — Tesson and Elizabeth Payre, and 
with his brothers, Pierre and Francis, were refugees 
from the Island in 1793 to Philadelphia, and came 
to St. Louis in 1810 with Madame Pescay and her 
sons. 

Mr. Tesson was married in St. Louis on February 
14, 1811, to Miss Adelaide B., daughter of — 
Barrousel, a former Attorney of Port de Paix, de- 
ceased, at the residence of Mrs. Pescay, who was 
her guardian, and went into business with that lady 
about the same time. In 1812 the partnership was 
dissolved, Mr. Tesson continuing the business 
alone. 

They were the parents of some half dozen chil- 
dren, most of whom died in infancy, raising one son 
and one daughter. 

Their son, Edward P., born in May, 1812, was 
married to Miss Lucy Marotte, of Philadelphia, 
'Nov. 26, 1833; he died in 1883. 



EDWARD S. POLKOWSKI. 259 

The daughter, Covalie, is the wife of Mr. Ed- 
ward PolkowsM. 

Pierre Tessoii, a brother of Michael, died Feb. 
18, 1818; his widow married Capt. Josiah Bright 
in 1820, and Bright died July 31, 1822. 

Francis Tesson, anotlier brother, was a partner in 
business for a number of years ; he died unmarried 
in 1839. 

Children of Ed. P. and Lucy Tesson : 

Clara, married first to Ant. Dangen, one son; 
and secondly to Jeremiah "VYilcox of Montana. 

Cecile, widow of H. Renouard, with 1 son and 3 
daughters. 

Noemie, married to George Hall, has several 
children. 

Dr. Louis Tesson, married. 

Edward Tesson, married to Miss Forsythe. 

Theodore Tesson, unmarried. 

George Tesson, married. 

A son died a young man. 



ED. STANISLAS POLKOWSKI, 

born in the City of Konskie, district of Sandomir, 
Poland, Sept. 8, 1812. He was engaged in the 
revolt against the Russian Government in 1830. 
Arrived in the United iStates of America, April 
15, 1834, and at St. Louis in June, 1835. 

He was married to Coralie Tesson, Dec. 6, 1842, 
and they are yet residing in St. Louis. 



260 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

CAPT. THBODOEE HUNT, 

cousin of Wilson P., was born near Trenton, l^ew 
Jersey, in 1788, and in 1803, at the age of fifteen 
years, was appointed a midshipman in the U. S. 
IS^avy, and assigned to the frigate Philadelphia, 
Capt. Bainb ridge, of Commodore Preble's Squadron 
in the Mediterranean, which ran on the rocks in the 
harbor of Tripoli, and was burnt Feb. 16, 1804, by 
sailors in boats from the Squadron under command 
of Lieut. Stephen Decatur, Jun'r. He came to St. 
Louis about 1813-14, and was married June 23rd, 
1814, to Anne Lucas, only daughter of Judge John 
B. C. Lucas. 

In 1816, he purchased from Wm. C. Carr & Co., 
a tan yard with the necessary buildings, at the 
southeast corner of Second and our present Almond 
Streets, which he operated for some years. 

In May, 1824, he was appointed by President 
Monroe, U. S. Recorder of Land Titles, succeeding 
Frederick Bates, just elected our second State Gov- 
ernor, which office he held until his death Jan'y 21, 
1832, at the age of 44 years, leaving a widow and 
three children, two daughters and a son. 

Theodosia Tucker Hunt, married Henry Livings- 
ton Patterson, Sept. 4, 1839. 

Julia Tucker Hunt, married to Henry C. Turner, 
Feb'y 1, 1841. 

Charles Lucas Hunt, married to Miss Mary 
Owings, April 6, 1842. 

The widow of Capt. Theodore Hunt married 
"Wilson P. Hunt, cousin of Jier first husband. 



WILT BROTHERS. 261 

CHRISTIAN WILT, MERCHANT, 

son of Abraham and Rachel Wilt, was born in 
Philadelphia, Jan'y 18, 1789, and cameto St. Louis in 
June, 1811, and commenced business July 25, 1811, 
in Mrs. Labbadie's old store, opposite Mr. Gratiot's. 

1813. He built the third brick house in St. Louis, 
at the southeast corner of Main and Locust, and 
moved his business into it, which he occupied until 
his death. He was an active business man, and 
soon acquired prominence in the business circles of 
St. Louis, operated a large mill and distillery on the 
Caholda creek opposite St. Louis, was a director in 
the Bank of St. Louis, &c., &c. 

He was married at St. Louis, Jan'y 10, 1815, to 
Miss Ann K., daughter of Major Geo. Wilson,* 
born at Louisville, Kentucky, Jan'y 20, 1798; she 
died Dec. 12, 1816, in her 19th year, and her hus- 
band Wilt, Sept. 27, 1819, in his 31st year. They 
left an only son, Greorge, in his 3rd year, who died 
in 1823, aged 7 years. 

ANDREW WILT, MERCHANT, 

brother of Christian above, was born in Philadel- 
phia, Oct. 27, 1791, came to St. Louis in 1818, and 
joined his brother in business Feb. 10, 1819, under 
the firm style of " Christian and Andrew Wilt." 



* MAJOR GEORGE WILSON, 

was born in Auchentock, Ayrshire, Scotland, in the year 1750, and died in 
St. Louis, Jan'y 26, 1824, aged 74 years, father of Mrs. Christian Wilt, a 
gentleman highly esteemed, and one of the first interred in the Hemp- 
stead lot of Bellefontaine Cemetery, where his head stone still stands. 



262 BIOGUAPHICAX. 

He died in St. Louis, August 10, 1819, iu his 28th 
year, unmarried, but 48 days before his brother. 
Their firm continuing but six months. 

He brought out with him two sisters, the Misses 
Rachel and JuHana Wilt. The first became the wife 
of Charles S. Hempstead, Esq., in 1819, and died in 
Oct., 1823. The other died unmarried, Sept. 27, 
1824. 



JULIUS DEMUN, 

son of Jacques Demun and Marie Madelaine Le 
Meillieur, was born at Port au Prince, in the Island 
of St. Domingo, April 25, 1782. 

When young he and his brother Augustus were 
sent to France to be educated, and then joined their 
parents in England. In 1793, after the insurrection 
of the negroes, he went to England, where they re- 
mained until 1808, when the father died and they 
came to the United States, and remained in ISTew 
Jersey for a time ; in 1810, they removed to Ste. 
Genevieve. 

March 31, 1812, Mr. Demun was married to Isa- 
belle, daughter of Mr. Charles Gratiot. 

In 1816, Mr. Demun with Aug't P. Chouteau and 
others went on a trading expedition to Sante Fe and 
Chihuahua. While in that country they were robbed 
of their goods, and the whole party imprisoned. 

They were confined in prison for two years, when 
through the demand of the U. S., they were released 
and returned to the U. S. in 1818-19. 

In the summer of 1819, Mr. Demun had charge of 



COL. ELI B. CLEMSON. 263 

Mr. John Mullanphy's store in St. Louis, and in the 
following year, 1820, with his wife and three little 
girls, went to Cuba, where he cultivated a coffee 
plantation for some ten years, and then returned to 
the United States in January, 1831. 

After his return to the U. S., he was appointed 
Secretary and Translator for the Board of U. S. 
Land Commissioners, and in 1842 elected Recorder 
of Deeds for St. Louis County. 

In 1817, Mrs. Demun, the mother, removed to 
Baltimore, and from there to Cuba, where she died. 

Julius Demun died Aug't 15, 1813, at the age of 
61 years. 

His brother, Augustus Demun, was killed in Ste. 
Genevieve in 1816, by one McArthur in a personal 
conflict. 

They had five daughters : 

Isabella, wife of Edward Walsh. 

Julia, wife of Leon Chenie. 

Louisa, wife of Rob't A. Barnes. 

Emilie, wife of Chas. Bland Smith. 

Clara, died unmarried. 

Mrs. Demun, the widow, died July 13, 1878, at 
the age of 82 years. 



COL. ELI B. CLEMSOK, 

entered the U. S. Army from Pennsylvania, and 
was appointed 

March 3, 1799, Second Lieut, in the first U. S. 
Infantry, 

April, 1800, First Lieut, in the same. 



264 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

March, 1807, Captain in the same. 

Jan'y 20, 1813, Major in the same. 

March 9, 1814, Lieut. Col. of the 16th Eegiment. 

June 15, 1815, close of the war; he was dis- 
banded. 

August 27, 1816, appointed Ass't Commissary 
at St. Louis. 

December 1, 1819, resigned from the Army. 

Before the war of 1812 he was much about St. 
Louis and Bellefontaine where his Eegiment was 
stationed. 

In Sept., 1814, while Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
16th Regulars, he had command for a short time of 
the Philadelphia Volunteers, then concentrating at 
Camp Bloomfield, Kennett Square, Chester County, 
Penn'a. 

After the war he was stationed for some years at 
St. Louis, where he bought and sold several town 
lots, realizing a handsome profit therefrom. 

Jan'y 17, 1816, from C. M. Price, a lot of 20 feet 
front in Block 36. 

l^ov. 1, 1816, from Col. Ehas Rector, lot of 60 
feet in Block now No. 2. 

Aug. 5, 1817, from Judge Lucas, a block of 
ground, in Lucas' new addition to the Town, on 
which he built a large frame dwelling, where he 
lived for some time.* 

After he left the Army in 1819, he disposed of 
his property in St. Louis, and returned to the East. 



* This is the Block on which at present stands Wm. Barr& Co.'s Dry 
Goods house, 6th from Olive to Locust. 



WM. VON PHUL, SE. 265 

He was married when a Captain, April 9, 1811, at 
New Brunswick, N^ew Jersey, to Miss Ann Maria 
Oliver. 



WM. VON PHUL, 

a brewer, native of West Hofen, Pfalz, Westpha- 
lia, on the left bank of the Rhine, was born in 1740, 
and came to Philadelphia in 1765. 

In 1775 he married Catharine Graff, of Lancaster, 
Pennsylvania. 

He died in Philadelphia in 1798, aged 58 years, 
leaving his widow, 5 sons and 3 daughters. 

HKNRY VON PHUL, 

one of his sons, was born in Philadelphia, Aug't 14, 
1784. 

In the year 1800, his mother, a widow, removed 
to Lexington, Ky., with some of her children; 
Henry, then 16 years of age, became the clerk of 
Thomas Hunt, Jr., in whose service he remained for 
ten years. In 1811 he came to St. Louis and com- 
menced business on hi« own account, in which he 
was actively engaged until within a few years of his 
death, a period of nearly 60 years. 

Mr. Von Phul was married to Miss Rosalie, 
daughter of Doct. Antoine Saugrain, on June 10, 
1816. On June 10, 1866, they celebrated their 
golden wedding, 6 sons and 4 daughters participat- 
ing. 

June 10, 1874, celebrated their 58th wedding day. 



266 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Mr. Yon Phul died Sept. 8, 1874, aged 90 years 
and 25 days. 

Mrs. Yon Phul died Feb. 28, 1887, in her 90th 
year. 

They were the parents of 15 children, of whom 
ten attained maturity and married, and leave a nu- 
merous progeny of descendants. 

Their surviving children are five sons and three 
daughters. 

Henry, lives in Louisiana, married Miss Mary 
Daigre. 

Frederick, lives in St. Louis, married Miss I^idelet, 
deceased. 

Frank, lives in Louisiana, unmarried. 

Benjamin, lives in St. Louis, married Miss Lape, 
of Mississippi. 

Phillip, lives in St. Louis, marriedlst Miss Chatard, 
dec'd, 2nd Miss Throckmorton. 

Maria, wife of Thomas M. Taylor, St. Louis. 

Eliza, widow of Judge "W. M. Cooke, deceased, 
St. Louis. 

Juha, wife of A. T. Bird. 



JAMES KBNNEELT, 

was born at Fincastle, Botetourt County, Yirginia, 
Aug. 5, 1792, son of Samuel Kennerly and Mary 
Hancock. 

He came to St. Louis in October, 1813, in part- 
nership with John O' Fallon in a cargo of Kentucky 
produce, 

" Pickled Pork, Beef, Flour, &c." 



JAMES KBNNEELY. 267 

Which having disposed of, he became Chief 4~ 
Clerk of Gov'r Clark, in the U. S. Indian Office. 

He was next associated with Alexander MclSTair 
in a store for some time. In 1816 James Kennedy 
opened a store in Clark's new brick house on Main 
Street in Block now No. 10. 

In 1817-18, James and Geo. H. Kennerly went 
into partnership in mercantile business in the same 
place. 

In 1820 James Kennerly, having built a new 
brick building and residence, next north of their 
former stand, removed into it, where they carried 
on their business for some years, Mr. Kennerly 
residing with his family in the upper part of the 
house. 

Towards the close of the year 1827, when the 
works at the new Military post of Jefferson Bar- 
racks were approaching completion, they were ap- 
pointed the Sutlers for the Post, and removed 
there, where James Kennerly resided for over ten 
years, at the end of which time, having biiilt a 
stone residence at Cote Brilliante, about five miles 
northwest of the City, he removed to it and died 
there August 26, 1840, at the age of 48 years and 
3 weeks. 

James Kennerly was married June 10, 1817, to 
Mies Eliza Maria, the second daughter of Doct. 
Antoine Saugrain, born in Lexington, Ky., Oct. 
12, 1799. 

Their three children are : 

Mary Larned K., born in 1820, widow of Wm. 
C. Taylor. 



268 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Wm. Clark Keunerly, born in 1825, married 
Florence Brooks, of Mobile, Alabama. 

Harriet Clark K., born Aug. 2, 1829, married to 
Ed. J. Glasgow, Oct. 29, 1856. 

CAPT. GEORGE HAl^COCK KENISTEKLT, 

was born at Fincastle, Botetourt County, Vir'a, 
Jan'y 28, 1790, and came to St. Louis about the 
commencement of the war of 1812, and was ap- 
pointed a Lieut, in the Regular Army. He accom- 
panied Gov'r Clark in his expedition to Prairie du ^ 
Chien, and at the close of the war was mustered out 
of the service. 

He then went into partnership with his brother 
James in St. Louis until their removal to Jefferson 
Barracks in 1827, where a Po8t-oJ0B.ce having been 
established, he was appointed Jan'y 31, 1828, its 
Postmaster, and put on aline of two horse stages 
for the public accommodation. 

Capt. Kennerly lived on the Barracks tract of 
land for about forty years with occasional intervals, 
his wife having purchased about 189 acres of the 
tract, the Captain had improved a portion of it with 
a farm. 

Capt. Geo. Kennerly was married on Dec. 27, 
1825, to Miss Alzire, a daughter of Col. Peter 
Menard, of Kaskaskia, Ills. 

He died in Jan'y 25, 1867, at the age of 77 years, 
leaving his widow and a number of sons and daugh- 
ters. 

Mary, married to Jno. Si Bowen. 



CAPT. RISDON H. PRICE. 269 

Abigail, married to Wm. Haines. 
Eliza, married to Matthew Stephenson. 
Louis H., Samuel, Peter M., Henry. 



was born in Maryland, a grand nephew of Charles 
Thomson, Secretary of the Congress of the Revolu- 
tion. His grandfather Douglass, a gentleman from 
Scotland, having married a sister of Thomson. 

He came to St. Louis during the war of 1812-15, 
a paymaster in the United States service, until the 
reduction of the Army following the peace of 1815, 
when he was mustered out. 

After this he was appointed a Justice of the Peace 
and J^ptary Public for St. Louis. 

He was married Sept. 23, 1817, to Miss Cornelia, 
third daughter of Gen'l Daniel Bissell, U. S. Army. 
They had several daughters. 

He died in 1844. 



CAPT. KISr>ON H. PEICE, 

came to St. Louis from the eastern shore of Mary- 
land, about the year 1807, and in 1808 was a partner 
in business with Benjamin Wilkinson, a son of Gen'l 
Joseph "Wilkinson, of Maryland, the firm being Wil- 
kinson & Price. 

"Wilkinson died in February, 1810, at sea on his 
passage around from New Orleans to Baltimore, 



270 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

after which Price operated alone with more or less 
success until about 1822, when reverses and hard 
times combined drove him out of business, and he 
removed with his wife to Ste. Genevieve County, 
where he was still living in 1843. 

During his residence here he was prominent in 
business- circles, a director in the old bank of St. 
Louis, &c. 

He married Aug't 30, 1815, Miss Mary, the second 
daughter of Gren'l Daniel Bissell, U. S. Army. 
Their only son, Frederick Price, was still living not 
long since, in the upper part of this county, on the 
old Bissell estate. 



GEORGE TOMPKINS, 

was born in Caroline County, Virginia, in March, 
1780. He came out to Jefferson County, Ken- 
tucky, about the year 1804, and located at the 
''Falls," April 29, 1806. He taught school in 
Kentucky six or seven years. 

He came to St. Louis about in the year 1811 or 12, 
and taught school for some years in the old Alvarez 
mansion on the north side of Market Street, below 
Third, opposite the old Catholic Cemetery, and was 
studying law during all the time. 

In 1816, he gave up teaching school, settled in 
the Town of Old Franklin, Howard County, and 
commenced the practice of law. He was twice 
elected to the Legislature then sitting at St.. 
Charles. In 1824, at the death of the Hon. John 



GEORGE SHANNON. 271 

Bice Jones, of the State Supreme Court, Judge 
Tompkins was elected to fill the vacancy, which 
position he filled for twenty-one years, until 1845, 
when he reached the constitutional age of sixty-five 
years, and was retired to private life. 

He died near Jefferson City, April 7, 1846, having 
just completed his 66 years. 



GEOKUE SHANNON, 



was born in Pennsylvania in 1787. "When seventeen 
years of age, in 1804, he enhsted in Capt's. Lewis 
and Clark's expedition to the Rocky Mountains and 
Pacific Ocean. He received a wound in the leg 
from the Indians, and on his return had his leg am- 
putated at St. Charles, and a wooden one substi- 
tuted in its place, from which he was ever afterwards 
called Peg Leg Shannon. 

Lewis and Clark took him to Philadelphia to 
superintend the publication of their Journal. He 
there studied law, and was admitted to the bar, and 
commenced practice in Lexington, Ky., and was 
then a Circuit Judge for three years. In 1828, he 
located at Hannibal, Mo., and afterwards at St. 
Charles, was a State Senator a short time, and 
United States Attorney for Missouri. 

He died suddenly at Palmyra, in Court, at the age 
of 49, in 1836. 



272 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

MOSES SCOTT, MERCHANT, 

came to St. Louis in the winter of 1810-11, and 
opened his store in the north part of the old Jno. B. 
Becquet house, on Main, between Myrtle and Elm 
Streets. 

In 1816, May, he bought from Chouteau a lot in 
his new addition to the Town , at the north-east cor- 
ner of Fifth and Elm (where Tony Faust is at 
present), upon which he built a two-story frame 
building for his residence, which he occupied until 
his death. 

In May, 1817, he removed his store to McKnight 
& Brady's new building, on Main Street, south-east 
corner of Pine Street, the south one, 'No 42. 

In December, 1817, he removed across the street 
to Clark's new stone row, the south one of the 
three, where he remained in business until 1821, 
when being a Justice of the Peace for St. Louis, 
he opened an office in his dwelling on Elm Street, 
where he died Aug't 20, 1823. 



THOMAS m'GITIRE, MERCHATSTT, 

commenced business here on Dec'r 20, 1817, in the 
store just vacated by Moses Scott above, in Bra- 
dy's, l^o. 43i. 

1818, February 26th, he bought from Chouteau a 
lot in his new addition on the hill, on the north side 
of Market Street from 8th to 9th, on which he 



COL. JOHN O'FALLON. 273 

built a small brick dwelling house where he lived 
until he died, a Justice of the Peace and Merchant, 
Dec'r 23, 1828. 



was born at Mulberry Grrove, near Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, the residence of his uncle, Jonathan Clark, 
on Nov'r 17, 1791. His father, Doct. James 
O'Fallon, born at Athlone, Ireland, of a very 
ancient family, had served under "Washington as a 
surgeon in the Continental Army ; his mother was 
Francis Clark, the youngest sister of Gen'ls Geo. 
Rogers and William Clark, born at Mulberry Hill 
near Louisville, the residence of her father, John 
Clark, Sen'r. They were married in 1790. Doct. 
O'Fallon died in Louisville in 1793, leaving two 
sons, John, two years of age, and Benjamin, an 
infant. 

Mrs. O'Fallon's second husband was Cha's M. 
Thruston, of Louisville, by whom she had two 
sons and two daughters; and her third. Judge 
Dennis Fitzhugh, of Virginia, by whom she had 
one daughter. She survived the three for several 
years. 

When of a proper age John was sent to school at 
an Academy at Danville, Kentucky. In 1810 he 
Avent to Louisville to complete his education, and 
his brother Benjamin came to St. Louis to stay 
with his guardian, his uncle Gren'l William Clark, 
and went to school in St. Louis. 

18 



274 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

In the fall of 1811 Jno. O'Fallon, then 20 years 
of age, marched with the mounted Kentucky Yol- 
unteers, under Col. Jos.' Davieg, to the- Indian 
Towns on the Wabash River, and was severely 
wounded at the battle of Tippecanoe, where Col. 
Davies was killed. After the battle he went to St. 
Louis, remaining with his uncle until well. 

In Sept., 1812, he was appointed an Ensign in 
the first U. S. Infantry. 

In January, 1813, he was promoted to 2nd 
Lieutenant. , In May, Aid-de-camp and acting Ad- 
jutant-General at the siege of Fort Meigs. 

In August, 1813, to 1st Lieut. 24:th U. S. In- 
fantry. March, 1814, Captain in the 2d U. S. 
Eifle Regiment. And resigned July 31, 1818, at 
Mackinaw. 

After he left the army he settled in St. Louis 
and commenced business as a contractor for army 
supplies, &c., &c. 

He was twice married, first, in 1821, to Miss 
Harriet Stokes, an English ladj'-, who died Feb. 
14, 1826, and secondly, on March 15, 1827, to 
Miss Caroline Sheets, from Baltimore. 

During his long residence in our community Col. 
O'Fallon was one of our most prominent and pub- 
lic spirited men, filling many positions of trust, and 
exercising great influence with the people. 

He died Dec. 17, 1865, at the age of 74 years, 
leaving four sons and an only daughter, Caroline, 
who was the wife of the late Doct. Chas. Pope. 



COL. A. B. CHAMBERS. 275 



NATHANIEL PASCHALL 



was born at Knoxville, Tenn'e on April 4, 1802. 
His father afterwards removed with his family to 
Ste. Grenevieve, Mo., where young Paschall received 
his schooling. Early in 1814, when he was not yet 
quite twelve years old, his father apprenticed him to 
Mr. Joseph Charless, of the Missouri Q-azette, to 
learn the trade of a printer. After his apprentice- 
ship had expired in 1823, he continued to work on 
the paper with Edward Charless, its new proprietor, 
who in March, 1828, admitted him as a partner in 
the proprietorship. 

In 1837, Charless and Paschall sold their estab- 
lishment to Messrs. Chambers, Harris and .George 
•Knapp. 

In 1840, Paschall and Charles Ramsay established 
a new paper, which they called the New-JEra. In 
1842, Mr. Paschall was elected Clerk of the Court 
of Common Pleas of St. Louis County, the only 
office for which he ever ran. Jan'y 1, 1844, he was 
associate Editor of the Missouri Republican, Col. 
A. B. Chambers being the chief, and in 1854, at the 
death of Chambers, Paschall became Chief Editor. 

Mr. Paschall was married at Springfield, Ills., on' 
l^"ovem'r 27, 1832, to Mrs. Eliza Edgar (nee Ste- 
vens), widow of Gen'l John Edgar, of Kaskaskia, 
Ills. 

• Mr. N". Paschall died Dec'r 12, 1866, in his 65th 
year. 

Mrs. Paschall had died in 1859. 



276 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

They left two sons, Henry Gr. and George M., 
and 4 daughters. 

Bagenia L. married first to Walter B. Carr, Dec. 
16, 1854, and secondly to Gerard B. Allen, July 
13, 1871. 

Ada married to Wm. C. Tyler, of Louisville, 
March 10, 1853. 

Mary A. married to Thomas Cummins, June 
25, 1863. 

EHzabeth mariied to Jos. P. Carr, Nov. 23, 
1871. 



DK. DAVID V. WALKEK 

came to St. Lonis in August, 1812, and entered at 
once into partnership with Doct. B. G. Farrar, in 
the practice of medicine. 

Doct. Walker married Miss Matilda N., third 
daughter of Major Wm. Christy, thus becoming the 
brother-in-law of his business partner. 

Doct. Walker died April 9, 1824, leaving his 
widow with two young children. 

Leonidas, born Aug't 16, 1817, who died Aug't 
4,* 1866, aged 49 years, and a daughter who after- 
wards became the wife of Samuel B. Churchill, 
Postmaster. 

Mrs. Walker was married June 24, 1832, to Col. 
Nathaniel P. Taylor, from Jefferson County, Ky., 
who brought with him four grown children by a 
former wife. 

She died Feb'y 5, 1872, aged 74 years. 



JUDGE M. MCGIRK. 277 



DOOT. PRYOR QUARLES 



caine from Richmond County, Virginia, in Sept., 
1815, the 5th American physician, and commenced 
his practice of medicine. 

Sept. 4, 1817, he was married to Miss Joanna A., 
second daughter of Col. Rufus Easton, and 
died early in October, 1822, after a brief married 
life of five years, leaving two young children. 

His widow became the second wife of Henry S. 
Geyer, April 26, 1831. 



JUDGE MATTHIAS m'GIRK 

was born in Tennessee about the year 1790. He 
studied his law there, and came to St. Louis when 
but a young man, in about the year 1814. 

In 1816, when Chouteau & Lucas made their first 
addition to the Town of St. Louis, McGirk pur- 
chased from Chouteau the second lot he sold, being 
jN'o. 5, the southwest quarter of Block ISio. 1, 144 
feet front on Fourth by 135 feet deep on "Walnut, 
which had been the northeast quarter of the old 
Spanish Garrison on the hill, and on which stood 
the old stone building occupied as the Officers Quar- 
ters. In this house he resided for some years. lii 
1817 he put up a small one-story brick for his office 
on his Fourth Street front, which was afterwards oc- 
cupied by David Barton and Judge Jas. H. Peck. 



278 BIOGKAPHICAL. 

At the organization of the State Government in 
1820, Judge McGirk was elevated to the Supreme 
bench, associated with Judges Jno. Rice Jones and 
John D. Cook, their commissions were issued in 
1820, This office he held until 1841. 

About 1827 or 1828 he removed to Montgomery 
County on the Missouri, shortly afterwards he mar- 
ried a Miss Talbot. They had no children ; his wife 
survived him many years. 



JUDGE ALEXANDER GRAY. 

Amongst the large number of young men, from 
all parts of the country, who joined the Army during 
the war with England of 1812-15, was Alexander 
Gray, from Kentucky, who, when the armywas in- 
creased, was appointed a Captain in the 24th Regu- 
lar Infantry, and served during the war. 

At its close in 1815, he came first to Cape Girar- 
deau, and from there to St. Louis, yet a young man, 
and opened a law office, which profession he had 
studied. He was well educated, skilled in the 
classics, a fine writer, and ranked amongst the 
first as a criminal lawyer. 

Early in 1820, Judge N. B. Tucker, of the St. 
Louis Circuit Court, about to be absent for some 
time, resigned the Judgeship of the northern circuit, 
and Alexander Gray was appointed by Acting Gov- 
ernor, Frederick Bates, to fill the vacancy. He held 
two terms of his court in St. Louis, the April and 
August terms of 1820. The State Government 



HON. EDWARD BATES. 279 

having then come into existence the courts were re- 
organized in the fall, and Judge Gray was appointed 
by Gov'r MclSTair to the new Northern Circnit north 
of the Missouri River. 

He died unmarried August 2, 1823. Being a fine 
looking man, he was somewhat vain of his personal 
appearance, and although yet but a young man, his 
hair was almost white. 

His friend, Spencer Pettis, administered upon his 
estate Aug. 18, 1823. 



HOK. EDWAKD BATES, 

was born in Belmont, Goochland County, Virginia, 
Sept. 4, 1793, of Quaker parentage, the seventh son 
of a family of twelve children. 

He came to Missouri in 1814, at the age of 21 
years, his elder brother Frederick Bates being then 
Secretary of the Territory, and studied in the oflGlee 
of Eufus Easton, Esq'r. He was admitted to the 
bar in 1816, and soon became one of the most 
prominent members of the same. 

He was a member of the convention of 1820, that 
framed the constitution of the State, and was ap- 
pointed the same year by Gov. Mcll^air to the Of- 
fice of Attorney-General for the State. In 1822 he 
was a member of the first Legislature that sat in St. 
Chailes, and in 1824 was appointed by Pres't Monroe 
United States Attorney for the district of Missouri. 

He was the second Representative in Congress 
from the State of Missouri, being elected to the 



280 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

20th Congress in 1826, to succeed John Scott, 
Afterwards declining a re-election to enable him to 
resume his practice of law as far more lucrative. 
In 1830 he served as a State Senator, and in 1834 
as a Representative in the State Legislature. 

In 1850 President Fillmore appointed him Secre- 
tary of War, one of his Cabinet ; he was confirmed 
by the U. S. Senate, but he declined to accept the 
position. In 1853, he was elected Judge of the St. 
Louis Land Court. In 1856, Presiding Officer of 
the Whig l^ational Convention in the City of Bal- 
timore, and finally in 1861, President Lincoln se- 
lected him for Attorney- Greneral of the United 
States, which office he filled for two years, resign- 
ing it in 1863 to retire to private life. 

Mr. Bates was, perhaps, the most prominent mem- 
ber of the St. Louis bar, long associated with his 
brother-in-law, Grov'r Ham. E. Gamble, and enjoy- 
ing a lucrative practice. 

Mr. Bates was married May 29, 1823, at Dar- 
denne Prairie, St.. Charles County, to Miss Julia 
D., daughter of David Coulter, Esq'r, formerly of 
Charleston, S. C. He was thefatherof a numerous 
family of children, leaving some ten or twelve at his 
death, March 25th, 1869, at the age of 76 years. 



OAPT. HENRY S. GEYEK, 



was born in Frederick County, Maryland, of Ger- 
man parents, Dec. 9, 1790 ; his father came from 
Prussia. 



HENKY S. GEYER. 281 

He read law with his uncle Daniel Shaeffer, in Ha- 
gerstown, and commenced practice in 1811. In 
1812 was a volunteer in the war, and appointed a 
Paymaster in the U. S. Army, while stationed at 
Norfolk, Virginia. 

At the close of the war he came to St. Louis in 
1815, still a Paymaster, which office he resigned at 
the end of the year, and commenced the practice of 
law. 

He soon assumed a prominent position at the bar, 
and filled several important civil offices. In 1817, 
compiled his digest of the Territorial Laws. 

In 1818, was a member of the Territorial Legis- 
lature. 

In 1821, elected Speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives at their first session. 

In 1822, re-elected Speaker of the House. 

In 1824-25, H. S. Geyer and Eufus Pettibone 
made the first revision of the State Laws. 

In 1851 he was elected to the U. S. Senate to 
succeed Thos. H. Benton, and served in the ofiice 
one term of six years. 

Capt. Geyer was three times married in St. Louis. 

1st, Jan'y 1, 1818, to Miss Clarissa B. Starr, a 
young lady from the State of JSTew York ; this lady 
died Oct. 27, 1829, leaving. two young daughters 
who grew to womanhood and became married ladies. 

2d, April 26, 1831, to Mrs. Joanna Quarles, sec- 
ond daughter of Enfus Easton, and widow of 
Doct. Pryor Quarles, by whom he raised two sons 
to manhood. 



282 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

3d, Feb. 12, 1850, to the widow of Edward 
Charless, (Miss Jaue Stoddard, of St. Charles,) 
who survived him and died at a very advanced age, 
after marrying her third husband, Doct. Herman 
L. Hoffman. 

Capt. Henry S. Geyer died March 5, 1859, aged 
69 years. 



HON. NATHAKIEL BEVERLY TUCKEK, 

was born at Mattox, Chesterfield County, Virginia, 
Sept. 6, 1784, third son of J. St. George Tucker, 
from the Island of Bermuda, who settled in Virginia 
previous to the Revolutionary war, and had married 
in the year 1778, the widow of John Randolph, Sr., 
mother of the celebrated John Randolph,* of Roan- 
oke, who was thus the half brother of IST. B. Tucker. 

Judge Tucker came to St. Louis in 1815, at the 
age of 31 years, to practice his profession of the law, 
a.nd was appointed by Frederick Bates, the Sec'y 
and then acting Governor of the Territory, Judge of 
the l^orthern Circuit, and he held the first term of 
his court at St. Louis on Monday, Feb'y 9, 1818. 
This position he held for about five years, except 
durmg a brief absence, and was succeeded on the 
bench by Judge Alexander Stuart in June, 1823. 

Judge Tucker was married at St. Charles in 
October, 1828, to Miss Eliza, daughter of Mr. John 



* John Randolph, ol Roanoke, was born at Cawsons, Chesterfield 
County, Virginia, in 1773, and died In Philadelphia in 1833, aged 60 years. 



GAIUS PADDOCK. 283 

Nailor. This lady died on March 14, 1829, at Ful- 
ton, Callaway County, after a brief married life of 
but five months. 

About the year 1831-32, he lived for a time in 
Saline County. 

After a residence in Missouri of about eighteen 
years, he returned to Virginia, in 1833-34, to accept 
the chair of Law-Professor in William and Mary 
College, at Williamsburg, James City County, 
which had been proffered him. This position he 
filled about eighteen years, until his death at that 
place, Aug't 26, 1851, at the age of 67 years. 



GAIUS PADDOCK, SR., 

came to St. Louis from Woodstock, Vermont, with 
his large family of children, nearly all of them 
daughters, about 1815, and opened a boarding house 
on South Main Street, in the large old French house, 
the former residence of Charles Gratiot, Sr., in the 
early days of the village. 

About the year 1820, they moved up to the north- 
west corner of Chestnut and Main, into the large 
stone house, late the Gratiot mansion, where they 
lived for some five or six years. They were a highly 
respectable family and their boarders of the best 
class. 

Gains Paddock, Sen'r, died at St. Louis, August 
11, 1831. 

Aiter his death the widow and daughters moved 
to Illinois, on a farm they had been improving, 



284 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

seven miles north of Edwardsville, on the main road 
to Springfield; it was long known as Paddock's 
grove. 



the second son, was born in Woodstock, Kov'r 15, 
1805, and was about 10 years of age when the family 
came to St. Louis ; he was raised in the dry-goods 
business by James Clemens, Merchant, in whose em- 
ployment he continued for nearly 20 years. 

In 1834 he went into business with Philemon 
Hunt at No. 3 South Main Street, as "Hunt & 
Paddock, dry goods." 

About 1838 he removed to Springfield, Ills., 
where he remained for a time, and then to Alton, 
Ills., where he became permanently established. 

Mr. Paddock was married June 25, 1834, to 
Miss Mary Elizabeth Bailey, at St. Louis, and 
died at Alton, Jlls., Dec'r 26, 1869, at the age 
of 64 years. 



* CHARLES W. HUNTEK, MEKCHAKT, 

from Philadelphia, " has just opened, Dec'r 23, 
" 1815, a new store on South Main Street, opposite 
" Matthew Kerr's Store. 

"1817, July 12. He has removed across the 
Street to next south of Matthew Kerr's. 



* Charles W. Hanter had served in the campaign of 1813-14 as Brigade 
Major of Gen'l Cadwallader's Brigade of Philadelphia Volunteers at 
Camp Bloomfleld, Kennett's Square, and Camp Dupont, Brandywine, 
near Wilmington, Delaware. 



DOCT. ED. S. GANTT. 285 

August 20. Removed to Belcour's new stone 
store diagonally opposite the old stand. 

1819, May 18. Chas. W. Hunter has removed 
across to Matthew Kerr's old stand on the east side 
of Main Street. 

1820-21. He removed to Alton, Ills., just then 
taking a start. 



JAMES AKNOLD, SR., MERCHANT, 

came from Dublin, Ireland, with his two sons, "Will- 
iam and James, Jr. 

March 5, 1819, he opened his stock of Wines and 
Liquors in Bosseron's cellar, not being able to find 
a vacant store. In the summer of that year he re- 
moved to Clark's Store, ISTo. 55 IsTorth Main Street. 

In 1821 Jas. Arnold & Co. were in ISTo. 71 North 
Main, Paul's Store. 

In 1822-23 they were in Jas. Kennerly's Store, 
'No. 57 North Main. 

Wm. Arnold, the oldest son, died here Sept. 3, 
1823, aged 32 years, born 1791, highly esteemed 
by all who knew him for his kindly qualities. 

Mr. Arnold, Sr., after the death of his son, re- 
turned to his family living in DubUn ; he was a 
well raised gentleman. 



DOCT. EDWARD S. GANTT, U. S. A., 

came to St. Louis during the war of 1812-15, at 
tached to the Army, and after its conclusion 



286 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

remained here for some years in the practice of his 
profession. He had three handsome daughters that 
were noted belles of our place at that period. 



MK. JONATHAN GUEST, MERCHAJ^fT, 

from Philadelphia, married Miss Mary, Feb. 8, 
1819. 



DOOT. ARTHUR NELSON, PHYSICIAN 

of St. Louis, married Miss Eleonora, May 25, 1819. 

Major Stoughton Gantt, Paymaster U. S. Army, 
a cousin of the Doctor, died here April 25, 1819. 

Capt. John Gantt, another of the family, was a 
Capt. in the GthPegiment U. S. Infantry, stationed 
for some years at Port Atkinson, Council Bluffs. 



PATRICK WALSH, ESQ., 

was born in the town of Sligo, Ireland, in the year 
1783, and received a business education. He emi- 
grated to the United States, arriving at 'New York 
in 1803, and was married in that place in 1810. In 
1817 he moved out west, remained in Cincinnati a 
couple of years, and arrived in St. Louis in Janu- 
ary, 1820. 

He commenced business as an Auctioneer and 
Commission merchant the same year at No. 29 
ISTorth Main Street, in which he continued for some 



JOHN E. THOLOZAN. 287 

years, and then relinquished, having been commis- 
sioned by the Governor a Justice of the Peace for 
the Township of St. Louis. 

Mr. Walsh had a family of ten children, viz. : 
Joseph W., Mary Ann, Peter A., James B., John 
C, William P., Agnes C, Edmond E., Julia IST. 
and Edward P., of whom two survive. 

Mr. Walsh died in February, 1851, at the age of 
68 years. 

CAPT. JOSIAH BRIGHT, 

from Boston, came to St. Louis about the year 
1813, and became associated in business with his 
brother-in-law, Charles Sanguinet, Jr. The firm of 
" Sanguinet & Bright" was a prominent one here 
for some years, until its dissolution in 1821. 

Capt. Bright was twice married, first, in 1814 to 
Miss Eulalie, the fifth daughter of Charles Sangui- 
net, Sr. She died Feb. 14, 1817, leaving a son and 
daughter. 

May 30, 1819, Capt. Bright was married to Mrs. 
Eliza, the widow of the late Pierre Tesson, dec'd. 

Capt. Bright died July 31, 1822. 



JOHN ELI THOLOZAN, 



born in Toulouse, France, came to St. Louis about 
the year 1816, bringing with him a stock of French 
goods, and kept a store for about a couple of years, 
until he had disposed of his goods, when he closed 
his business, and moved on to a place he had pur- 



288 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

« 

chased in the country a few miles south-west of the 
Town, where he lived until his death. 

On January' 5, 1819, he was married to Adelaide, 
the sixth daughter of Charles Sanguinet, Sr., and 
died in May, 1848, at the age of 61 years. 

His widow survived him twenty-nine years, and 
died April 2, 1877, aged seventy-nine years. They 
had no children. 



THE THREE BROTHERS LINDELL, 

Peter, John and Jesse G., were born near Snowhill, 
Worcester County, Maryland, where their ances- 
tors for two generations had lived. 

Peter was born March 26, 1776, and when a 
young man was engaged in business, making occa- 
sional visits to Philadelphia with droves of cattle to 
dispose of for himself and others. 

About 1813 he came to St. Louis, associated witli 
Thos. and John Cromwell, with a stock of fresh 
goods from Philadelphia, and opened a store. 

1815, March 1. Having disposed of their stock 
of Merchandise, the partnership of Peter Lindell and 
Thos. and John Cromwell was dissolved. 

" 1816, June 8. Peter, John and Jesse G. Lindell, 
have just opened a large stock of l^ew Goods in 
the brick house of M. Lisa, corner of Main and the 
first Cross Street north of the Market," (now Chest- 
nut St.) 

Having acquired a handsome property while en- 
gaged in business, he retired from the same, after 
aome years of active life, and died a confirmed old 



JOHN BOBB, SR. 289 

bachelor Oct. 26, 1861, at the age of 85 years, pos- 
sessed of an ample fortune, the fruits of his economy 
and frugality. 

John Lindell, Jr., the next brother, born about 
1780, died unmarried in the summer of 1821, at 
Herculaneum, Jefferson Cy., where they had a 
branch store of their principal house in St. Louis. 
His interest in the business passed to the surviving 
brothers, Peter and Jesse G., deed from his father 
and sisters, on record book L., pages 5 and 7. 

Jesse Gr. Lindell, the youngest of these, was born 
Dec. 16, 1790, and came to St. Louis in 1816. He 
married Dec'r 14, 1825, Jemima Smith, nee Lee, 
widow of Oliver C. Smith. He had not long before 
retired from business, having like his brother Peter, 
acquired a competency, which in the 33 years fol- 
lowing his marriage, had grown into a very large 
fortune. It was a part of his fortune, and not his 
brother Peter's, that went into the Lindell hotel. 

Jesse G. Lindell died Feb. 2, 1858, at the age of 
68 years, without children. 

A fourth brother, Robert, settled in Pittsburgh at 
an early day and was in business there for many 
years, at his death in very moderate circumstances. 

Several of his children came to St. Louis and 
lived with their uncles. 



JOHN BOBB, SR., 

was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, in the 
year 1766. 

His father, who was a brick maker, moved his 



19 



290 BIOGEAPHICAL. 

family to Philadelphia, where John and an elder 
brother Peter were long successfully engaged in the 
manufacture of bricks. 

In the year 1800, he with a wife and several chil- 
dren, removed his family to Lexington, Ky., where 
he built a brick house, opened a brick yard, and 
built a mill for the manufacture of linseed oil. 

In December, 1816, he came to St. Louis, and in 
January, 1817, purchased from Col. Augte. Chou- 
teau-, block Ko. 132 of his new addition on the hill, 
bounded by Market and Walnut, 6th and 7th Streets, 
then high ground eight or ten feet above the present 
grade, built a log house for his family at the south- 
west corner of the block (on the spot where now 
stands the Standard Theatre), and made bricks there 
until the ground was cut down to present grade, and 
then purchased the block next west, from 7th to 
8th, for the same purpose. 

In 1819 Mr. Bobb was elected one of the Town 
trustees. 

In 1823 he was appointed by Mayor "Wm. Carr 
Lane, Street Commissioner, and subsequently was 
Coroner of St. Louis County. 

In 1838 he commenced the publication of a liberal 
paper called the Western Examiner, advocating 
the same views as the Boston Investigator. 

Mr. Bobb was married in the year 1787, at Phila- 
delphia, to Miss Anna Maria Sprinkle ; they were 
the parents of seven sons and four daughters, all 
but one of whom attained maturity. 

He died May 17, 1851, at the age of 85 years. 



JOHN COLLIER. 291 

Mrs. Bobb had died at her daughter's home in 
Marion County in August, 1845, aged 75 years, and 
was interred at that place. 

John, died in Yicksburgh in 1863. 

William, died in Natchez in 1826. 

Jacob, died in ISTatchez in 1826. 

George, died in St. Louis in 1834. 

Peter, died in St. Louis in 1839. 

Theodore, died in St. Louis in 1844. 

Charles, born in 1810, is the last surviving son. 

Mrs. Masters, born in 1798, is now 90 years of age, 

Julia A., born in 1803, (Mrs. Isaac A. Letcher,) 
died in St. Louis, Nov. 27, 1885, aged 82 years. 

Caroline, born in 1812, (Mrs. Alexander Lyle,) 
is now 76 years of age. 

Dolly, died an infant in Kentucky. 



JOHN COLLIEK, 

son of Peter and Catherine Collier, born near Snow- 
hill, Worcester County, eastern shore of Maryland, 
about the year 1792 ; came to Missouri with his 
mother, a widow, in 1816, with a stock of goods 
from Philadelphia, and opened a retail store in St, 
Charles, at that time a rival of St. Louis, with more 
brick houses, and an even chance of keeping pace 
with her. 

In 1819-20, three years later, prospects in St. 
Charles not appearing so bright, they established a 
branch of their house in St. Louis, under the style 
of John Collier &; Co. 



292 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

John Collier died unmarried May 18, 1821, at 
St. Charles, aged 29 years. 

Catherine Collier, widow of Peter Collier, died in 
St. Charles June 5, 1835, aged 73 years. 

GEORGE OOLLIEK, 

the second son of the same, was born on the same 
farm with John, March 17, 1796, and after the 
death of his father sent to Philadelphia to school. 

In 1818, having completed his education, he came 
to Missouri and became a partner of his brother, 
under the style of John Collier & Co. 

On January 1, 1826, Greorge Collier was married 
at St. Charles to Miss Frances E., daughter of 
James Morrison, Bsq'r, merchant of that place. 

She died Aug't 30, 1835, leaving a young daugh- 
ter and an infant son, George Collier, Jr., born 
in 1835, who grew to manhood, and married a 
daughter of General Stephen Kearny; he died in 
1863, aged 28 years. 

In 1838, George Collier was married at Pitts- 
burgh, Penn'a, to Miss Sarah A., eldest daughter 
of the late William Bell, Merchant, of that city. 
He died July 18, 1852, at the age of 56 years, leav- 
ing five sons and two daughters, one the wife of 
Henry Hitchcock, Esq'r, and the other the wife of 
Ethan A. Hitchcock, Esq'r. 

Thomas Collier, a son by his second wife, Sarah, 
died at the age of 20 years. 

Mr. George Collier becoming the heir of his 
mother and elder brother, shortly after he embarked 



COI. THOMAS H. BENTON. 2i93 

in business, was already the possessor of ample 
means, in 1840 when he withdrew from active busi- 
ness on account of his ill health, he had accumu- 
lated a very large fortune, acquired in the various 
enterprises he had been engaged in, and which con- 
tinued to increase for the rest of his days, dying, 
in its strictest sense, a millionaire. 



COL. THOMAS H. BETSTTON, 

was born in Hillsborough township, Orange county, 
^orth Carolina, March 14, 1782. His mother, a 
widow, removed to Tennessee. He taught school 
and studied law, and in 1808, after being admitted 
to the bar, opened an office in Franklin, Williamson 
County, Tennessee. Shortly afterwards he re- 
moved to I^ashville and opened an office in that 
place. 

In 1811 he was elected to the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee, and in 1812 joined the army, and was an aid- 
de-camp of Greneral Jackson until the summer of 
1813, when a misunderstanding arose between them, 
which resulted in the rencontre of Friday, Sept. 4, 
1813. Subsequently he was appointed Lieut. 
Colonel of the 39th Regiment United States In- 
fantry, then being raised for the war, but it was 
never completed. Peace occurring not long after- 
wards, the new regiments were disbanded. 

After the peace of 1815, Col. Benton removed to 
Missouri and opened a law office in St. Louis in 
1816, and in 1819 became associated with Isaac JST. 



294 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Henry, in the publication of the 8t. Louis Enquirer, 
as its editor. 

When the new State government went into effect 
in the fall of 1820, he and David Barton, who had 
been President of the State Convention, were elected 
by the Legislature, for our two first Senators in 
Congress, Barton unanimously and Benton by a 
mere majority. 

At the expiration of his first term as Senator for 
six years, Benton had made himself so popular with 
our people, mainly by having espoused the cause of 
Andrew Jackson, to whom he had become recon- 
ciled, that he was re-elected to the Senate for four 
additional terms, serving as a Senator for thirty con- 
secutive years, longer than any other member of 
that body before or since. 

After thirty years of continual service in the 
Senate, Col. Benton, who had now reached his 
" three score and ten " being still anxious to serve 
his constituents, was elected in 1852 to a seat in the 
lower house from the St. Louis district. After serv- 
ing out this term, his friends retired him from public 
life to make way for a new generation. 

During all this long period of time, Col. Benton's 
actual residence was in Washington City, where 
Mrs. Benton owned her dwelling. 

Col. Benton was married on Tuesday, March 20, 
1821, at Lexington, Virginia, to Miss McDowell, a 
sister of Gov. McDowell, of Virginia, and died April 
lO, 1858, in Washington City, aged 76 years, and is 
interred at Bellefontaine Cemetery. He left four 
married daughters. 



REV'D SALMON GIDDINGS. 295 

Elizabeth, married to ~Wm. Carey Jones, of 
"Washington City. 

Jessie, to Col. John C. Fremont, of South 
Carolina. 

Sarah, to Rich'd Jacobs, of Kentucky. 

Susan, to Mr. Boisleau, of France. 

His only son died a young man, unmarried. 

Mrs. Benton died March 24, 1855. 



eev'd salmon gidditstgs 

was born in Hartford, Connecticut, March 2nd, 1782, 
and was ordained on December 20, 1814. 

In 1815 was an itinerant minister in Massachusetts 
and Connecticut. 

April 6, 1816, he arrived at St. Louis. 

Oct. 12, 1816, opened a school in the two-story 
frame on the hill, built by James Sawyer for the 
purpose. 

IS'ov'r 15, 1817, organized the first Presbyterian 
congregation in St. Louis. 

Jan'y 3, 1818, opened a school for girls. 

Aug't 30, 1823, laid the corner stone of his new 
Presbyterian Church, the first " 'brick'''' Protestant 
Church west of the Mississippi River, by the Grand 
Lodge of Ancient Free Masons of Missouri, at the 
northwest corner of 4th and St. Charles Streets. 

Rev'd S. Giddings married Dec'r 4, 1826, Miss 
Almira Colhns, at Collinsville, Ilhnois. 

He died Feb. 15, 1828, in his 46th year. 



296 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

CAPT. JAMES m'GUNNEGLE, U. S. ARMY, 

was appointed from Pittsburgh, Penn'a. 

Jan'y 3, 1812, an Ensign in the 5th Regiment, 
U. S. Infantry. 

March 12, 1812, a Second Lieut, in same. 

April 28, 1814, a First Lieut, in same. 

May 17, 1815, transferred to the Rifle Regi- 
ment. 

July 12, 1818, promoted to Captain. 

Sept. 25, 1818, was appointed Deputy Quarter- 
master General for St. Louis. 

June 1, 1821, was transferred as Captain to 6th 
Reg't Infantry. 

He died unmarried at St. Louis, Aug't 27, 1822, 
and was buried with military honors by the St. Louis 
Guards- 

The Territorial Bank of St. Louis having become 
insolvent, the old banking house was sold at public 
sale by Joseph C. Brown, Sheriff, under execution, 
on Dec'r 20, 1819, and Capt. James McGunnegle, a 
creditor, became the purchaser and held it at the 
period of his death. 



ME. CHARLES WAHRENDORFP, 

was born in the Kingdom of Hanover, Germany, in 
the year 1790. 

He was in business in Pittsburgh, Penn'a, prior 
to the war of 1812-15, and served in that war as a 
member of the Pittsburgh -Blues. 



EUFUS PETTIBONE 297 

In October, 1817, he came to St. Louis with a 
stock of German goods, which he opened in Per- 
kins and Drip's store on South Main Street. 

In Sept., 1818, on the completion of Chenie's new 
brick store on Main, above Market Street, he re- 
moved to it. 

April 10, 1820, the old firm of Charles Wahren- 
dorff & Co. was dissolved, and in May the new firm 
of Edward Tracy & Chas. Wahrendorff was estab- 
lished in the old stand. They conducted its busi- 
ness in this same house, until the death of Mr. Wah- 
rendorff in August, 1831, brought it to a close. 

Charles Wahrendorff was married Sept. 8, 1823, 
to Mrs. Ann, widow of the late Mr. Amos Wheeler, 
dec'd, and oldest daughter of Mr. Joseph Charless, 
Sr. He died Aug't 27, 1831, the result of a fall, at 
the age of 41 years, leaving but one child, a daugh- 
ter, who when of age became the wife of Taylor 
Blow. 



KTJPUS PETTIBONE, 

was born in Litchfield County, Connecticut, May 
26, 1784. 

In 1801, at 17 years of age, he entered Williams 
College, Massachusetts, where he remained four 
years and graduated in 1805. Studied law in Onon- 
dago County, IS^ew York, for a couple of years, and 
finished his studies with Abraham Yan Yechten, a 
leading Lawyer of Albany, New York, in 1809, and 
was admitted to the bar. 



298 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

In 1810 he commenced practice in Vernon, 
Oneida County, New York, 

In 1812, elected to the Legislature, and in the 
same year was married to Louise Esther De Russey, 
daughter of a French refugee from St. Domingo, 
of 1793. 

In May, 1818, he arrived at St. Louis, with his 
wife and three children, and immediately formed a 
•copartnership with Rufas Easton, whom he had pre- 
viously known. 

In 1821, he was appointed Judge of the Second 
Circuit, and removed his family to St. Charles. He 
held his first term at Louisiana, Pike County, in 
February, 1821. In April, 1823, he was appointed 
to fill a vacancy on the Supreme bench of the State. 
And died in office at St. Charles July 31, 1825, 
aged 41 years. 



his brother, born in Litchfield in 1780, who came 
here with him, survived him many years, in Lou- 
isiana, Pike County, and died in St. Louis in 1883, 
having attained 103 years of age. 

A daughter of Rufus Pettibone became the wife 
of Judge Hunt, of Louisiana. 



HON. JAMES HAWKINS PECK, 

was born in the eastern part of Tennessee, upon the 
confines of jSTorth Carolina, and came to St. Louis, 
-and established himself as a Lawyer in 1818. 



EDWARD TRACy. 299 

At the establishment of the District Court of the 
United States for Missouri in 1821, amongst others 
James H. Peck made application for the appoint- 
ment of Judge, and being supported by Col. Rich- 
ard M. Johnson, of Kent'y, and Senator David 
Barton, of Missouri, received the appointment, and 
occupied the bench for a number of years. Gen'l 
Henry Dodge, afterwards United States Senator 
from Wisconsin, was the first U. S. Marshal for the 
district. The Court was held in an old French 
house, south-west corner of Walnut and Second 
Streets. 

Judge Peck died, unmarried, Saturday, April '60, 
1836, in this county, opposite St. Charles, after an 
illness of many weeks, contracted while on his I'e- 
turn from holding a term of the District Court at 
Jefferson City. 

He was buried the next day, Sunday, May 1st. 
He left a will, a brother, Isham T. Peck, adminis- 
tered on his estate May 17, 1836. 



MK. EDWAJRD TRACY, SEN'R, 

from 'New York with a stock of merchandise, ar- 
rived in St. Louis in 1818, and opened his goods in 
Dent & Eearick's stoi-e, Sept. 4th. 

In May, 1820, he entered into partnership with 
Charles Wahrendorff, then established in Chenie's 
new brick building No. 4 IS'orth Main St., the style 
■of the firm " Tracy & Wahrendorff." They were 
partners exceeding eleven years, until the death of 



300 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Mr. Wahrendorff in 1831, when Mr. Tracy associ- 
ated with liim his nephew, Alfred Tracy, as com- 
mission merchants. 

In 1851, he was appointed by Mayor Kennett 
City Anditor of St. Louis, and in 1852 re-appointed 
to the same office. 

In the winter of 1820-21 Mr. Tracy was married 
at the residence of Frederick Dent, Esq'r, in Grra- 
vois, to Miss Mary Ann, daughter of Capt. John 
Nelson, of Louisville, Ky. 

Mr. Tracy died in IS'ovember, 1852, at the age of 
71 years. 

Mrs. Tracy had died in 1849 at the age of 48 
years. 

Their children were : 

Charles F., married Sophia Morton. 

Edward 'N., to Zoe Papin, both deceased. 

Henry W., died unmarried. 

John N., died unmarried in 1854. 

Augustus B., deceased, married to Celeste 
Pratte. 

William, to Miss Sloan. 

Alfred, died young, 

One daughter married lives in New York. 



ALFEBD TRACY, 

b.orn May 19, 1802, nephew of Edward Tracy, 
came to St. Louis a young man, and for a time 
was a clerk with his uncle, and afterwards a 
partner. He married at St. Charles, May 22, 
1828, Miss Sarah Stoddard, sister of Mrs. Ed- 



PEEDERICK DENT, SE. 301 

ward Charless, who died without children July 1, 
1833, and secondly Miss Ellen, the eldest daughter 
of George Morton, Esq. 

Mr. Alfred Tracy died Jan'y 4, 1860, aged 57 
years 8 months. 



FEEDERICK DENT, SR., 

was born in Maryland in the year 1786, and lived 
for some years in Pittsburgh, where he married. 

He came to St. Louis early in 1818, associated 
with George Rearick as merchants, and they com- 
menced business on July 1st of that year, in a new 
frame house, one of three just erected by the estate 
of Wm. Smith, on the west side of Main just below 
Chestnut Street. Houses being difficult to obtain, 
he procured a couple of rooms in the residence of 
his old Pittsburgh friend, MclSTair, where he passed 
the winter of 1818-19 with his family, and where 
his second son, Geo. "W., was born. 

In 1819 he obtained the old Delaunay stone 
house, south-west corner of Main and Olive 
Streets. 

In June, 1820, he purchased from Theodorfe 
Hunt, 200 arpents of land, part of the old Mackey 
tract, with a good house and well improved, and his 
partnership with Rearick being dissolved, he re^ 
moved into the country with his young family, 
where the balance of his children were born, and 
where he resided for more than 25 years. 



302 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Mr. Dent was married to Miss Ellen Brey, at 
Pittsburgh about the year 1816. She died in Feb- 
ruary, 1857, at the age of 60 years. 

Their children were : 

John Dent, born in Pittsburgh in 1817, twice 
married. 

George Wrenshall D., at St. Louis, 1818-19, 
married Oct. 14, 1841, to Mary Isabella Shurlds. 

Lewis, born at Gravois, 1823 ; died March 23, 
1874, aged 51 years. 

Fi-ederick, Jr.* 

Julia D., married to U. S. Grant, U. S. Army, 
Sept. 10, 1848. 

ISTellie, to Dr. Alexander Sharp, Feb'y 7, 1854. 

Emma, to James Casey, Feb. 14, 1861. 

Frederick Dent, Sr., died at the President's 
house, in Washington, on Dec. 15, 1873, at the age 
of 87 years. His remains were brought to St. 
Louis, accompanied by his son-in-law, Pres't Grant, 
and interred in Bellefontaine Cemetery. 



LILBUEN W. BOGGS, 

came to St. Louis early in 1816, and on May 1st, 
in partnership with Thomas Hanly, commenced 
business in Clark's row on Main Street, opposite 
McKnight & Brady. 

On September the 30th, he was elected the first 
Cashier of the new bank of Missouri. 



* A graduate of West Point, Second Lieut. 6th Infantry, July 1, 1843, 
Lieut. Col. 5th Artillery, Dec. 15, 1S70. 



COL. LUKE E. LAWLESS. 308. 

July 21, 1817, he married Miss Julia Ann, the 
eldest daughter of Judge Silas Bent, Sr. 

Shortly after his marriage he resigned his position 
as Cashier, and removed to the Boons-lick country, 
Old Franklin, Howard County, just organized, and 
to which there was a great rush at this time. 

Here he lived many years, became a prominent 
politician, filling various important offices, and in 
1836 was elected the fifth Governor of oui- State. 

His wife died in Sept., 1820, a young woman of 
but nineteen. 



COL. LUKE E. LAWLESS. 

A Dublin paper of ISTovember 7, 1846, has the 
following of him : 

Born in 1781. At an early age he entered the 
British I^avy, serving under Sir Sidney Smith. 

In 1802 he returned to Dublin and commenced his 
studies. 

In 1805 he was called to the bar, and practiced for 
a time. 

In 1810 he passed over to France and entered the 
French service under his uncle Gen'l William Law- 
less. Appointed the military secretary of Gen'l 
Clark, Due of Feltre, and promoted to Colonel. 

On the return of Napoleon from Elba, he read 
the address of congratulation from his Regiment to 
the Emperor, 

After the final defeat of Napoleon in 1815, he 
came to the United States and adopted his former- 
profession of law, coming to St. Louis in 1816-17. 



304 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

After the resignation of Judge Wm. C Carr from 
the bench of the Circuit Court, Luke E. Lawless was 
appointed to succeed him by Governor DunMin, and 
took his seat at the March term, 1834. 

Col. Lawless was married to the Baroness De 
Grenhm, the widow of the Baron De Greuhm, the 
Prussian Minister, at Washington, at Georgetown, 
District of Columbia, in May, 1825, by whom he 
had an only child, a daughter who lived to 
become a young woman, and then died, I think 
at 17 or 18 years. 

He died in St. Louis, Sept. 12, 1846, aged 65 
years. 

WILLIAM GLASGOW, SEN"'e, 

was born at Christine, near Wilmington, Delaware, 
in the year 1787. 

When a young man, was employed at the Brandy- 
wine Flour Mills. 

His health being somewhat delicate, he made a 
voyage to Cadiz, Spain, where he was employed 
for some years in the office of the United States 
consul. 

Li March, 1815, was at Bordeaux, France, on his 
return to the U. S. 

In 1817 he came to St. Louis, one of the firm of 
"Porter, Glasgow & Nivin," who opened their 
stock of goods on May 10th in Papin's old stone 
store, next to Kibby's hotel. 

In 1818 he went to Belleville, Illinois, where he 
was in business for five years. In 1823 he removed 



WM. GLASGOW, SR. 305 

to Herculaneum, Jefferson County, Mo., where 
he was engaged in business and lead mining. 

In 1827 he removed to St. Lonis, where he was 
engaged in business until 1841, a part of the time 
of the firm, of Ross & Glasgow. 

In 1846 he was appointed by Mayor Peter G. 
Camden, City Treasurer of St. Louis, which office 
he held for seven successive years, under Mayors 
Camden, Mullanphy, Krum, Barry and Kennett. 

Subsequently Mr. Glasgow resided in the country 
near the residence of his son-in-law, Jefferson K. 
Clark, where he died. 

Mr. Glasgow was married at Belleville, Illinois, 
IS'ov'r 19, 1818, to Miss Sarah, daughter of Edward 
Mitchell, and died near St. Louis, April 8, 1876, in 
his 89th year. Mrs. Glasgow, born in Virginia 
June 16, 1801, died in St. Louis County March 31, 
1883, in her 82nd year. 

Their children are : 

Edward James, born June 7, 1820, married Har- 
riet Clark Kennerly, Oct. 26, 1856. 

Wilham Henry, born Feb. 19, 1822, married first 
Mary Wright, Oct. 22, 1850, married secondly Miss 
Charlotte ^. Fales in 1860. 

Eleanor Ann, born May 1, 1824, married Geo. R. 
H. Clark, March 30, 1841. 

Mary Susan, born ISTov. 19, 1828, married Jeffer- 
son K. Clark, Aug't 8, 1849. 

Two other sons, Charles and John P., died in 
infancy. 

20 



306 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Wm. Glasgow, Sen'r's, grandchildren: 

Julien K. and Wm. Jefferson, sons of Edward J. 
Glasgow. 

Ed. J., Jr., Jefferson Clark, Anita D. and Mary 
Susan, children of Wm. H. Glasgow. 

flohn O'Fallon Clark; Julia, wife of Robert 
Voorhies ; Ellen, wife of Wm. Lauderdale, and 
Seddie, deceased, children of George R. PI. Clark, 
deceased. 

JAMES CLEMEIiTS, JR., MERCHANT, 

son of Jeremiah Clemens, was born in Danville, 
Kentucky, Oct. 29, 1791 ; at an early age was a 
clerk in the store of Mr. Bell in that town. In 
October, 1811, he went to Sparta, Tennessee, where 
he was engaged in business with his uncle, James 
Clemens, of Huntsville, Alabama. In April, 1815, 
he came to Ste. Genevieve, and in April, 181(5, came 
to St. Louis. 

July 26 he opened his goods on Main Street, oppo- 
site the Post-office, in Sept. he removed to Wm. 
Smith's house (No. 7 ISTorth Main Street), and in 
1819, on the completion of Manual Lisa's two new 
brick stores, ISfos. 17 an'd 19 l^orth Main, he re- 
moved into No. 17, between Mullanphy and You 
Phul, where he was for a number of years. 

In 1836 he was at No. 4 ISTorth Main, in Chenie's 
three-story brick. 

In 1846 he retired from business with an ample 
competency. 

In 1852 his residence and office was at I^o. 98 
Market, above 3rd. 



CHARLES CHAMBERS. 30T 

In 1854 his office ISTo. 32 IS'orth 3rd, his residence 
in the country. 

Mr. James Clemens was married on January 10, 
1833, to Miss Eliza, seventh and youngest daughter 
of John MuUanphy, Esq'r. She died at her country 
residence, six miles from the city, Aug't 20, 1853, 
and Mr. Clemens, who survived his wife twenty-four 
years, at his residence on Cass Avenue, January 12, 
1878, in his 87th year. 

Their children were three sons and three daugh- 
ters. 

James B. Clemens, married, died shortly after 
his father. 

Bryan M. and William J. 

Mrs. C. J. Cates. 

Mrs. Ellen J. Clemens. 

Mrs. Alice B. Von Versen, residing in Europe. 



CHAELES CHAMBERS, ESQ'r, 

was born in Dublin, Ireland, in the year 1784. 

"His father, John Chambers, was one of the 
' oldest stationers and publishers of that City, a 
'member of the order of 'United Irishmen,' who 
' made themselves odious to the British govern- 
' ment, and with sixteen others, were arrested in 
' 1798, and confined as prisoners of State, in Fort 
' George, Scotland, then banished from the coun- 
' try and sent to Germany, but soon finding their 
' way to Paris, and thence to Bordeaux. And in a 
' short time afterwards, Thomas Addis Eminett, 



308 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

" John Chambers, Doct. McNevin, Doct. Cum- 
" mings, and others were landed at New York. 

"Here John Chambers opened a pubUshmg 
" house m Wall Street." 

Charles Chambers rejomed his father in New 
York in 1803, and was with him in business until 
1817, in which year he was married by Bishop Con- 
elly to Miss Jane, the third daughter of John Mul- 
lanphy, Esq. 

In the winter of 1818-19 Mr. Chambers and his 
young family went around by sea to New Orleans, 
and on February 1st, 1819, left there on the steamer 
Washington, Capt. Henry M. Shreve, the first boat 
from New Orleans to St. Louis, where they landed 
on March 1st, 1819. 

Mr. Chambers began at once the improvement of 
the tract of land given to his wife by her father, by 
the erection of a house, and which in time, by his 
untiring industry he cQnverted into a splendid farm, 
on which he resided for many years, and where all 
his children were born. 

In the year 1846 he removed to the city where he 
continued to reside until his death late in 1861, aged 
about 77 years. 

Their children were six daughters and four sons : 

Margaret F., who married Commodore Wm. 
Smith, U. S. Navy, dec'd. 

Ellen, married Capt. Joseph H. Lamotte, U. 
S. A. 

Eliza B., married Thomas B. Hudson, dec'd. 

Jane J., married B. Franklin Thomas, dec'd. 



CAPT. GABRIEL R. PAUL. 309 

Anne B., married Greo. W. Thatcher. 
Mary, married first, Mr. Waters ; secondly, 
James Larkin, both dec'd. 

John H. Chambers, now deceased. 
Bart. M., married a daughter of Ed. Walsh. 
Thomas B., a Catholic clergyman. 
Owen, who died unmarried in 1854. 



CAPT. GABRIEL EIVAT PAUL, 

continued in business in Baltimore until 1816, when 
he followed his brother Rene to St. Louis. 

On March 30, 1817, he was married to Miss Marie 
Louise, the second daughter of Col. Augustus Chou- 
teau. She died Oct. 24, 1832, at the age of 33 
years, leaving one son and two daughters. 

The oldest daughter, Estelle Felicite, born July 
21, 1821, was married May 23, 1843, to Richard W. 
Ulrici. She died in 1883, and Ulrici Aug't 23, 1886, 
leaving no children. 

The second daughter, Theresa L., born March 18, 
1829, married George R. Taylor, August 9, 1846. 
She died in 1873, and Mr. Taylor in 1880, leaving 
three sons and five daughters, some of whom are 
married. 

Their only son, Adolph Paul, born January 9th, 
1824, was twice married, first on January 24, 1855, 
to Miss Mary, daughter of Mrs. Eugenie and the 
late John W. Reel, dec'd. This lady lived but a 
few years after "her marriage, dying and leaving 
but a son named as his father, Adolph. After 



310 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

remaining a widower for a number of years, Mr. 
Paul mari-ied a second wife, Miss Virginia Menkens, 
wlio survives him with one daugliter. 

He died in March, 1882, at the age of 58 years. 

Capt. Grabriel Paul had executed his will on Sept. 
23, 1815, and died shortly afterwards, aged about 
68 years. 



MAJOK THOS. FLOYD SMITH, U. S. A., 

was a native of Kentucky and served in the Rifle 
Corps. 

On November 24, 1825, he was married to Maria 
Antoinette Emily, the third daughter of Col. Augus- 
tus Chouteau, who was born on April 14, 1802, and 
died June 5, 1842, at the age of 40 years, and her 
husband, Major Smith, in December, 1843, eighteen 
months after his wife. 

Their surviving children are : 

Louis Chouteau Smith, born in 1827, married in 
1853. 

Thomas Floyd Smith, born Sept. 30, 1831, mar- 
ried. 

Philomena, born Nov'r 24, 1836, married to 
Major Charles F. Larned, Paymas. U. S. Army, 
now deceased. 



EDWARD RENE CHOUTEAU, 

the fourth son of Col. Augustus Chouteau, born 
March 30, 1807, died unmarried May 15, 1846, aged 
39 years. 



DOCT. HERMAN L. HOFFMAN. 311 



born in Baltimore in the year 1792, came to St. 
Louis in 1818, of the firm of Renshaw & Hoff- 
man, mei'chants here for some years. 

He was married Feb'y 3, 1820, at Chesterfield, 
St. Louis County, to Miss Phebe Ann Eliza, 
daughter of Mr. Joseph Klein, from CaatsMll, New 
York. He was for many years the efficient Book- 
keeper of the Fur house of Peter Chouteau, Jr., & 
Co., and long engaged in the Lisurance business. 

He died at Fulton, Callaway Co., Mo., March 
14, 1864, aged 72 years, leaving a number of chil- 
dren. 

One of his sons is Wm. lienshaw, of Baltimore, 
father of Morrison Eenshaw of this place. 



DOOT. HEEMAJSr LAIDLY HOFFMAN, 

was born Oct. 17, 1796, in Westchester County, 
l^ew York, and received a superior education. He 
left New York a Physician in the fall of 1819, 
opened a drug store in St. Louis, and practiced his 
profession. 

On March 34, 1822, he was married to Miss Char- 
lotte Klein, second daughter of Mr. Joseph Klein, 
from Caatskill, New York. 

He was engaged in the Apothecary and drug busi- 
ness for a number of years, and in 1852 we find him 
in the Insurance agency business. Subsequently he 
had a large vineyard at Cleveland, Ohio, and still 



312 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

later a mill and distillery at Peoria, Illinois, associ- 
ated with Chas. P. Billon. 

After a number of years absence from St. Louis, 
Doct. Hoffman returned to the place about the year 
1874, and shortly afterwards was married to the 
widow of Henry S. Geyer, her third husband. 

He died November 5, 1878, at the age of 82 
years, and was interred from Christ Church, of 
which he had been a member from its first organi- 
zation . 

His widow, who survived him about seven years, 
died in October, 1885, at the age of 81 years, with- 
out children from either marriage. 



LUOIEN DUMAINE, MERCHANT, 

was born at Baignes, Department of Charente, 
ancient Angoumois, France, March 25, 1800, came 
to St. liouis about the year 1819, and was first em- 
ployed as a clerk at Berthold & Chouteau's store, 
with whom he remained for a number of years, and 
then went into business himself, associated for a 
time in the Dry-goods line, in 1835-6 with A. E. 
Bonis, a nephew of his wife. 

He married Oct. 30, 1820, Miss Julia O., daugh- 
ter of Antoine Yincent Bonis, Sr., then deceased, 
who like himself had come to this place from 
France. They had a large family of children, to 
the number of ten, most of whom died young. 

Their oldest daughter, Julia, married Eobert 
Darst, Sept. 6, 1837. 



PEEDEEAUVILLE FAMILY. SIS 

Another daughter, Octavia, married Emaimel 
Alexander Lesueur, May 28, 1840. 

And a third, Virginia, married to Charles Marlow, 
April 21, 1852. 

An only living son, Bernard Dumaine, is yet a 
resident of St. Louis. 

Mr. Lucien Dumaine died at Farmington, St. 
Francois County, April 13, 1875, at the age of 
75 years. 



BENE PERDKEAUVILLE EAMILY. 

Amongst the large number that the abdication of 
N^apoleon in 1815 drove from France, was this 
family, consisting of Rene Perdreauville, Si'., his 
wife, two sons Rene and Leon, and two daughters, 
young ladies grown, well educated in Paris and 
accomplished. 

They came to the United States and in the 
summer of 1818 found their way to St. Louis. Mr. 
P. had filled some official station in the household of 
the Emperor. 

In September, 1818, Mrs. Perdreauville, assisted 
by her daughters, opened an Academy for young 
ladies, gave lessons in music, and dancing was 
taught by Mr. Durocher, a professor of that art, 
who was engaged for that duty. 

On I^overaber 18, 1819, the oldest daughter. Miss. 
Marie Antoinette Adele Perdreauville, was married 
to John Pierre Gratiot, a son of Charles Gratiot^ 
Sr., deceased. 



314 BIOGKAPHICAL. 

In 1820 Mr. P., with his wife, sons and other 
daughter, removed to iNTew Orleans, where the 
second daughter married. 



OAPT. SULLIVAN" BLOOD 

was born in Windsor, Vermont, April 24, 1795. In 
1815, when 20 years of age, he made his way to 
Olean, Cattaraugas Oy., IS". J., then down the 
Allegheny and Ohio i-ivers to St. Louis, stopping at 
various places, which he reached early in 1818, and 
was Deputy Constable with Jabez Warner for 
several years. 

In 1823 paid a visit to his home in Vermont, and 
there married Miss Sophia Hall. 

He was an early Steamboat Captain in the New 
Orleans trade. 

For many years a Director and then President of 
the Boatman's Bank. 

Capt. Blood died ISrov'r 27, 1875, in his 81st year, 
leaving his widow, one son Henry, a married daugh- 
ter Mrs. Sloss, and one single, Miss Anne Louise. 



COL. CHARLES KEEMLE 

was born in Philadelphia in. the year 1800. 

When quite young, his mother, a widow, removed 
to ISTorfolk, Virginia, where he learnt the print- 
ing biTsiness, and came to St. Louis in August, 
1817. 



WILLIAM G. PETTUS. 315 

He was a journeyman printer for several years 
with Isaac K. Henry on the Enquirer newspaper, 
of which Benton was then Editor. 

In 1829 he joined Major Joshua Pilcher's trading 
and trapping expedition to the Rocky Mountains, 
-was in Gen'l Ashley's fight wdth the Arickarees in 
1823, and participated in other encounters with the 
Indians. 

After an absence of five years Mr. Keemle 
returned to St. Louis and resumed his business of 
printing, in which he was engaged for the remainder 
of his life, at times alone, and at times with others 
in conducting several papers. 

In 1854 Mr. Keemle was elected Recorder of St. 
Louis County, succeeding Stephen D. Barlow. 
This office Mr. K. held for seven years, until 1861, 
at same time extensively engaged in his printing 
with Samuel Hager. 

In 1833 Mr. Keemle was married to Miss Mary 
Oliver of this city. He died Sept. 29, 1865, at the 
age of 65 years, leaving a widow, son and daugh- 
ter, now residing somewhere on the Pacific slope. 



WILLIAM UEYMES PETTUS, 



was born in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, Dec'r 
31, 1794, the second son of William and Elizabeth 
Pettus. 

In 1812, at the age of 18 years, he served as a 
volunteer, and soon afterwards was appointed deputy 
■clerk of Lunenburg County, Virginia. 



316 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

In May, 1818, he arrived in St. Louis, having- 
ridden from Virginia on horseback, and in June was 
selected by Col. Alexander Mcl^air, Registei- of the 
United States Land Office, for his principal assistant 
having charge of the office. 

In June, 1820, he was chosen Secretary of the 
Convention that adopted the State Constitution, and 
in the same year the newly elected Governor of the 
State, Alex'r Mc]N"air, appointed him his private 
Secretary. 

The seat of government being established at St. 
Charles in 1821, Mr. Pettus removed to that place, 
being appointed Clerk of the Supreme and Chancery 
Courts, and in 1822 by Gov'r McNair, Secretary of 
State. 

In 1824 he acted as Secretary of the State Senate, 
and in 1825 was appointed by Gov'r Frederick 
Bates, Judge of the Probate Court, serving two 
years, 1825 and 1826. 

In 1827, being tired of public office, he went into 
business in St. Charles, in which he was engaged foi 
a number of years, during which he served as State 
Senator in 1832 and '33. 

In 1834 he removed to St. Louis and was engaged 
in Mercantile and Banking business until 1842, 
when he was appointed Secretary of the Floating 
Dock Insurance Comp., and in 1855 Secretary 
of the United States Insurance Company until 
1862, when ill-health compelled him to resigUj 
being then 68 years of age. 

Mr. Pettus died Dec'r 25, 1867, aged 73 years. 



CAPT. ARCHIBALD GAMBLE. 317 

Wm. G. Pettus was married on Dec'r 31, 1826, 
at St. Charles, to Miss Caroline R., daughter of 
Major James Morrison of that place. Their chil- 
dren were : 

Emily J., deceased. 

Martha A., Mrs. Charles Parsons. 

Caroline Eliza, deceased. 

Euphrasie A., Mrs. Robert B. Mackay. 

Wm. H. H. Pettus married to Miss Mary 
A. Saugrain, and 

Joseph M. Pettus. 



CAPT. ARCHIBALD GAMBLE, 

was born in Winchester, Frederick Co., Virginia, 
in 1791-92. 

He came to St. Louis early in 181G, bred to the 
law. 

In 1817 was a Clerk for about a year in the first 
Bank of St. Louis, then for a short time an assistant 
to M. P. Leduc, Clerk of the Circuit Court, David 
Barton being Circuit Judge. 

In 1818 he was appointed by Gov'r Wm. Clark, 
Clerk of the Circuit Court for St. Louis, which 
office he held for eighteen years, until 1836, when 
the office having been made elective by the Legisla- 
ture, General John F. Ruland, who came from 
Detroit, was elected to succeed him. 

In the eighteen years he had held the office, Mr. 
Gamble had acquired a competency of this world's 
goods. 

In 1822 he was married to Miss Louisa, the third 



318 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

daughter of Col. Rufus Easton, by whom he had a 
number of children. 

He was for a long period the agent of the public 
schools, but for the last 20 years he lived in 'retire- 
ment, having abundant means. 

He died Sept., 1866, aged 75 years, leaving 
three married daughters, Mrs. Charles Gibson, 
Mrs. Doct. Page and Mrs. Clarkson, and several 
sons. 

HAMILTON" ROWAN" GAMBLE, 

the youngest of seven, born l^ov'r 29, 1798, at the 
same place, was educated at Hampden-Sidney Col- 
lege. At 18 years of age, in 1816, he was admitted 
to practice. Before he was 21, in 1818, he had been 
licensed in three States : Virginia, Tennessee and 
Missouri. 

He was for a short time a deputy clerk under his 
brother Archibald, and then removed to old Frank- 
lin, Howard' County, where he commenced practice. 

In 1824 appointed by Gov'r F. Bates, Sec. of 
State, at Bates' death in 1825, he settled in St. 
Louis. 

In 1846 he was sent to the Legislature to revise 
the Laws. In 1851 elected a Judge of the Supreme 
Court, his health led him to resign in 1855. In 
1858 he removed to Philadelphia to educate his 
children . 

In July, 1861, was chosen provisional Governor. 

Gov'r Gamble was married in 1827 at Columbia, 
South Carolina, to Miss Caroline J. Coulter, sister 
of Mrs. Edward Bates. 

He died Jan'y Bl, 1864, at 66 years of age. 



p? 



p. M. DILLON. SIO' 

PATEICK MACMASTEKS DILLON, MERCHANT, 

was born of a good family at ISTewtown Limavaddy, 
County Londonderry, Ireland, on March 17, 1790,, 
hence his baptismal name, Patrick. 

When a young man of seventeen, he participated 
in the rebellion of 1807 against the government, in 
which he held the rank of a commissioned officer, he 
escaped from the island in a fishing boat, and found 
safety on board a trading vessel, following the sea 
for two years. 

In 1809 he came to the United States, and settled 
first at Philadelphia, where he was engaged in the 
lumber business in the employment of Mr. Richard 
Price, a Quaker gentleman, for many years exten- 
sively engaged in that business. 

In 1813-14 Mr. Dillon removed to Pittsburgh, and 
went into the lumber business on his own account, 
in which he was engaged for several years, and then 
removed to St. Louis with a newly purchased stock 
of Dry-goods, Groceries, Wines and Liquors, which 
he opened Jan'y 18, 1817, at the house of Major P. 
Chouteau, Sr., IS'orth Main Street. 

1817, April 5, P. M. Dillon removed to the old 
stand of Theodore Hunt, in Papin's ' old stone 
house. 

1818, May 15, P. M. Dillon has just received his 
new stock of Merchandise at his new stand, lately 
occupied by Joseph Wiggan, opposite the Bank of 
St. Louis. 

Mr. Dillon continued in active business as a 



320 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Merchant until the admission of Missouri as a State, 
and the incorporation of the City in 1822-23, when 
he reHnquished mercantile business and turned his 
attention to real estate. He laid ou.t several addi- 
tions to St. Louis on lands he had purchased with 
that view ; his last being Dillon's fourth addition in 
1840 on a large tract he had purchased from Fred- 
erick Dent in Jan'y, 1836, part of the old Mackay 
tract adjoining the old Town. 

Mr. Dillon was twice married : 

First, in October, 1818, in St. Charles County, to 
Miss Anne T., sister of Doct. Nash of that county. 
She died in 1834, leaving two married daughters, 
Mrs. Doct. Charles Stevens, Sr., and the first wife 
of Capt. James B. Eads, deceased. 

He married his second wife, Miss Eliza Jane Eads, 
of Kentucky, Jan'y 26, 1836, and died at his resi- 
dence on Dillon Street Jan'y 21, 1851, in his sixty- 
first year, leaving by his second wife, who still sur- 
vives him, one daughter and two sons. 

Eliza, wife of Count de la Vaulx, residing in 
Paris, France. 

Arthur, who died a young man, unmarried, and 
John A., who married a daughter of l^eree Yalle, 
with a large family of children. 



KIOHAED K. DOWLIIs^G, 

born in Waterford, on the Suir, in Munster, Ireland, 
came to the United States in Sept., 1806, with his 
wife and son Dick, then about four months old, and 



THOMAS HANLY. 321 

soon afterwards moved out to Lexington, Ky., where 
he remained about ten years. 

In the spring of 1817 he came to St. Louis, where 
he hved about a year and died here May 11, 1818. 

His widow survived him thirty-two years and died 
Dec'r 3, 1850. 

Their sons were Richard, boi'n May 8, 1806, now 
in his eighty-third year. And Joseph, who died in 
1857. A third son died young. 



THOMAS HANLY, MERCHANT, 

came to St. Louis early in 1816, being a partner of 
Lilburn W. Boggs. 

June 7th, commenced business here in McKnight 
& Brady's new brick building, southwest corner 
Main and Pine (the south one afterwards No. 42). 

1817, purchased from P. L. Cerre for |7,000 the 
square of ground (afterwards Block 15) between 
Main and the river, and Green and Oak Streets, and 
built on the 1^. E. corner of it a large brick building 
for business. 

1818, Feb. 13, sold his interest in " Boggs & 
Hanljr " to his partner, L. W. Boggs, to enable him 
to build. Dissolved partnership. 

Dec. 1, removed to his new brick building, where 
he was at the date of his death. 

Thomas Hanly died Oct. 26, 1822, leaving his 
widow Mary C. and six children, Sarah, John, 
Washington, Lucy, Mary and Cornelia. 

21 



322 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

THE BROTHERS WIGGINS, 

were three in number. Stephen E., the first, came 
here in 1816, about December, with a stock of 
Merchandise from New York, and opened in Jan'y, 
1817, next to Matthew Kerr's store, on Main below 
Myrtle, in the summer moved two blocks further up 
into one of Chouteau's new frames below Walnut. 
About 1819-20 he changed his business and be- 
came an Exchange Broker. 

He was unmarried, and left our place about the 
year 1823. 

Samuel Wiggins came here next, about 1819-20, 
and established here the Horse-team Ferry Boat 
across the Mississippi, from the foot of Oak Street, 
which he brought around from Cincinnati where he 
had built it, and which commenced running in May, 
1820. If a married man at that day, his family must 
have lived in Cincinnati, as they never lived in St. 
Louis. 

These two Wiggins kept house together for a 
time in Thos. Brady's old stone dwelling, then 
numbered 164, next below the Missouri hotel. 

William C. Wiggins, a third brother, came out 
afterwards to take charge of the Ferry and Boat, 
after it had got into successful operation, and was 
chief manager for many years. And when disposed 
of by Sam'l Wiggins, in 1828, to a joint stock com- 
pany, he became a stockholder in the company for 



SAMUEL B. WIGGINS. 323 

an eighth, which at the period of his death he had 
increased to three-eighths. 

Mr. W. Wiggins came here a married man from 
the State of ISTew York with his wife and her sister, 
Miss Berrian, who was afterwards married to Mr. 
Arthur Ingram, of the firm of Ingram & Eeilly of 
this place. 

During the 25 years that Mr. Wiggins was in 
charge of the Ferry Boat, his whole time was 
devoted to the interests of the association, accumu- 
lating a handsome fortmie. He died in Dec, 1853, 
leaving by will his whole estate in equal parts to his 
four sons, Sam'l B., Edward C, Charles and Will- 
iam, his wife having died before him. 

His son, Edward, died unmarried in April, 1862, 
leaving his property to the children of his older 
brother Samuel. 

SAMUEL B. WIGGINS, 

eldest son of Wm. C, was married May 3, 1838, to 
Miss Mary Wilson, of Philadelphia. He died in 
July, 1868. 

His widow survived him seventeen years, and died 
July 25, 1885. 

Their four children were : 

Jane, married to Franklin Eidgeley, from Bal- 
timore. 

Laura, married Rev'd Mr. Rhodes, of Cincinnati,, 
deceased. 

Julia, married Mr. Taylor, of ISTew York. 

William, the only son, died unmarried. 



324 BIOGKAPHICAL. 



CHAKLES WIGGINS 

third son of Wm. Sen., married Virginia J. 
daughter of Capt. Charles Mullikin. 



OOL. THORNTON GKIMSLEY, 

was born in Kentucky August 3, 1798, and came 
to St. Louis in the year 1817, with John Jacoby, 
with whom he was learning the Saddlery and Har- 
ness business. 

In 1821 he formed a copartnership with William 
Stark, his brother-in-law, in that line of business, 
under the style of 

" Grimsley & Stark," 
which continued but for a short time. Wm. Stark 
died July 23, 1822, and Mr. Grimsley carried on 
the business alone for a number of years, subse- 
quently associating with him in 1835 his former ap- 
prentice, John Young, and in 1844 his son-in-law, 
George L. Stansbury, and son, John T. Grimsley. 

During his long business life Mr. Grimsley was a 
prominent and popular citizen. 

In 1820 he was married in Indiana to Miss Susan 
Stark, and died in St. Louis Dec'r 21, 1861, aged 
(53 years, 4 months and 18 days. 

Mrs. Grimsley, born ISTov'r 5, 1799, died Sept. 7, 
1861, aged 61 years and 10 months. 

Their children were : 

Minerva, born July 5th, 1821, wife of Henry T. 
Blow. She died June 29, 1870, aged 49 years. 



' JOHN YOUNG. 325 

Lucretia, married to George L. Stansbury, 
Nov'r 23, 1841. Stansbury died June 25, 1876, 
aged 60 years, 6 months. 

John T. Grimsley, born in 1823, and died Jan'y 
25, 1881, aged 58 years. 

He was tAvice married, first, to Virginia Allen, 
born in St. Louis in 1839, and died in May, 1861, 
aged 21 years and 6 months, and secondly, to 
Martha Ann Elbert, born Aug't 12, 1832, and died 
April 3, 1867, aged 35 years. 



JOHlSr YOUNG, 



son of Wm. Young and Mary Rutledge, was born 
in Bourbon County, Ky., Oct. 25, 1814. 

His parents removed to Missouri in the fall of 
1816, when he was two years old, and settled on the 
Coldwater Creek in St. Ferdinand Township, St. 
Louis County. His father died about the year 
1823, when he was about 7 years of age, his 
mother then removed to St. Louis. 

In 1829, at the age of fifteen, he was apprenticed 
to Thornton Grirasley to learn the trade of Saddler 
and Harness maker. 

In 1835, at the age of 21, he was associated with 
Mr. Grimsley as "John Young & Co.," Ko. 37 
North Main, Saddlers. 

In 1842 the firm expired, from which period until 
the present Mr. Young has continued in the busi- 
ness alone, for 46 years, for many years at the 
northeast corner of Market and Main, and latterly 



326 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

at the southwest corner of the same, where he con- 
tinues until the present time. 

Mr. Young was twice married, first in 1842 in 
New Orleans to Miss Julia Wilcox, and secondly to 
Miss Emily, daughter of Lewis li^ewell, formerly of 
St. Louis. 



JAMES RUSSELL, ESQ., 

"was born in Kockbridge County, Virginia, Feb. 29, 
1786. 

He removed to Missouri about the time of the 
adoption of the State Constitution, and settled at 
Jackson, Cape Girardeau County, where he estab- 
lished a paper, which he published for some years. 
Here his first wife died, and he removed to St. Louis 
about the year 1826, and purchased the tract of land 
known as Oak-hill, improved by the late Thos. C. 
Rector, upon which he resided until his death. 

Mr. Russell was twice married. 

First, in Virginia, to Miss O'Bannon, whose 
children were : 

A son, Joseph W., who died in Cape Girardeau, 
leaving a family, and a daughter, Martha, who was 
the second wife of Jno. B. Sarpy. 

On Sept. 29, 1826, Mr. Russell was married to 
Miss Lucy, the second daughter of Silas Bent, Esq'r, 
Clerk of the County Court. 

By this lady Mr. Russell left two sons : 

Jno. G. and Charles S., both married men, and 
two daughters, Mrs. Trumbull G. Russell and Mrs. 
Geo. W- Parker. 



ROBERT COLLET. 327 

James Eussell died at Oak-hill, May 3, 1850, 
aged 64 years, and Mrs. Russell, March 2, 1871. 



THE COLi,ET TAMILY, 

was English from the Isle of Man. 

John Collet born in 1751 was married to Ann 
— in 1782. Their children were Robert, born in 
1783, and Thomas. 



the eldest son, came to St. Louis first in 1817, with 
a large stock of merchandise, furnished him by the 
old Philadelphia house of " Guy Bryan & Wm. 
Schlatter, at 223 High Street, and well known 
throughout the West." He purchased a lot on 
South Main St., built a large brick house, and 
opened his store early in 1818. In 1819-20, having 
disposed of his merchandise and property in St. 
Louis, he removed to Illinois. After an absence 
from St. Louis of several years, during which he 
married a lady by the name of Sophia Catherine 
Austin, he returned to St. Louis, where he continued 
to reside until his death in Sept., 1846, at the age of 
63 years. His widow survived him a number of 
years. Their children are : 

Oscar, born in 1821, married to Miss Dunlop, 
with several children. 

Emma, born in 1824, married to Thos. Mark 
Taylor in August, 1847. 



328 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Robert, Jr., married, with a large family, lives in 
Utah Territory. 

THOMAS COLLET, 

second son, was in business with Michael Daly here 
in 1818, dissolved partnership with Daly in 1819, 
and associated with Benj, Seward in 1820, and con- 
tinued with S. until after 1821 ; until then unmar- 
ried. 

AlSrsr COLLET, SR., 

the widow above, was living in Madison Cy., 111., 
in 1817. In the year 1820 she purchased a house 
in St. Louis, and moved here where she continued 
to reside until her death in March, 1841, at an ad- 
vanced age. 



DOCT. SAHfUEL MEKRT 

came to St. Louis in the year 1820. 

In May, 1821, we find him associated with Doct. 
W. Carr Lane in the practice of their profession, 
which he followed during his residence here. 

In the year 1829 he was appointed by Pres't 
Andrew Jackson, to the position of Receiver of 
Public Moneys for the land district of St. Louis,* 
which office he held during the incumbency of 
Presidents Jackson and Van Buren. 

He resided for some years in St. Louis County, 



* Succeeding Col. Geo. F. Strother 



JAMES C. ESSEX. 329- 

and subsequently removed to Muscatine, Iowa, 
where he resided until his death, well advanced in 
years, about the close of 1864. 



THOMAS ESSEX A]SrD CHAS. E. BEYNROTH, 

from Lexington, Ky., opened in St. Louis in April, 
1820, in the Book, Stationery and Binding business. 
In 1821 Mr. Daniel Hough purchased the interest of 
Mr. Beynroth, and the style of the firm was changed 
to Essex & Hough. 

Mr. T. Essex died Dec'r 12, 1827, leaving but 
one son, Wm. T. Essex. 

His widow was married to her second husband, 
Doct. Thos. Houghan, Oct. 18, 1828, who purchased 
the business and carried it on for a number of 
years, ■ afterwards, about the year 1851, they re- 
moved to Illinois. 



JAMES C. ESSEX, 

a relative of Thomas Essex, came to St. Louis about 
the year 1825, and was for many years engaged in 
the business of book-binding, at first in connection 
with the Book-house of Thomas Essex, and sub- 
sequently for many years alone. 

He still resides with us at nearly four score 
years of age. 



-330 BIOGRAPHICAL. 



HORATIO COZEKS, 



was born in Philadelphia, Jan'y 13, 1795, a son of 
Doct. Wm. Cozens, of Philadelphia, and Charlotte 
ISiicholas, who were married in that city on January 
2, 1794. 

Of his father's family we know but little. On his 
mother's side he was a grandson of Major Louis 
IS^icholas, of the British Army, and his second wife, 
Jane Bishop, of Kinsale, Ireland, who were married 
in April, 1760, and came immediately to America 
where her daughter Charlotte was born in Philadel- 
phia, Feb. 9, 1761. 

Mrs. Nicholas died in Phil'a, Feb. 20, 1797, and 
her daughter, Mrs. Cozens, in Washington City in 
1831, at the age of 70 years. 

Doct. Cozens had removed to the District of Co- 
lumbia. 

Horatio Cozens came to St. Louis about 1816-17. 
In the few years that he lived after coming to St. 
Louis, having received an excellent education, Mr. 
Cozens soon became a prominent member of our 
bar, for his legal knowledge and eloquence. 

He was married on JS^ovember 24, 1818, to Miss 
Anne Caroline, the youngest daughter of Charles 
Sanguinet, Sr., and died July 14, 1826, at the early 
age of 31 years and 6 months,* leaving but one 
son, Wm. H. Cozens, born May 15, 1820, and a 



* Murdered by young French Strother, who fled to Texas, and 
•escaped. 



GEORGE MORTON. 331 

daughter Marie, who died a few years since, the 
wife of Doet. Hereford, of Ferguson Station. 

Mr. Horatio Cozens' widow survived him many 
years. She died on January 1, 1884, in her 84th 
year. 

GEORGE MORTON, 

horn in Scotland, December 25, 1790, lived for 
some time in Pittsburgh, Penn'a. He married Miss 
Margaret Morrison, in Allegheny City, and came 
to St. Louis with his family in 1818, and entered 
into partnership with Philip Eocheblave, as Car- 
penters and Builders. About the year 1823 he 
formed a connection with Joseph C. Laveille in the 
same line, which continued for some ten years until 
1834, from which period Mr. Morton's business was 
speculating in Town lots, of which he purchased 
and sold a large number. 

Their five daughters were : 

Ellen, married first to Alfred Tracy, and secondly 
to Doct. Meredith Martin. 

Margaret M., married to Wm. P. Harrison, of 
Hannibal, Missouri; died Feb'y 27, 1852, aged 33 
years. 

Mary Smith, married to Edwin C. Sloan, St. 
Louis. 

Christiana, married to Joseph S. Sloan, St. 
Louis. 

Sophia, married to Charles F. Tracy, St. Louis. 

And one son, Peter C, who died unmarried in 
Ifew Orleans, Sept. 9, 1853, aged 26 years. 



332 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

G-eorge Morton, died in St. Louis Jan'y 9, 1865^ 
aged 74 years. 

Mrs. Margaret Morton, died Aug't 21, 1859^ 
aged 65 years. 



WILLIAM MORRISON, 

brother-in-law and partner of George Morton, born 
at Pittsburgh, Penn'a, April 29, 1810, came to St. 
Louis with him in 1818, a lad Q,f eight years. 

He married Mary Ann Coleman, who was born 
June 8, 1822, and died Dec'r 29, 1852, at the age 
of 30 years, leaving two children. 

Mr. William Morrison died in October, 1884,. 
aged 74 years and 6 months. 

Their two children were : 

A son, John, who died a married man. 

And daughter, Margaret E., who was married to 
Hugh Davis Morrison, of Pittsburgh, deceased in 
July, 1874, leaving three children, a daughter now 
married, and two sons. 



CHARLES p. BILLON, SR., 

the second son of Jean David Billon and Marguerite 
Robert, was born in the Town of Locle, Canton of 
ISTeufchatel and Valangin, Switzerland, on January 
10, 1766. 

His ancestors were French Huguenots, that had 
left France at the revocation of the Edict of Nante& 
by Louis 14th. 



CHAELES BILLON, SR. 333 

In 1787, at the age of twenty-one years, having 
acquh-ed the profession of a Watch-maker, he came 
to Paris, where he remained nearly four years, dur- 
ing which he witnessed those exciting occurrences, 
which preceded the breaking out of the Fi'ench 
Eevohition, and the destruction of the ancient 
Monarchy.* 

In September, 1790, Mr. Billon crossed over to 
England, with the passport of the King, Louis 16th 
(now in my possession), and resided during the next 
five years in London. In 1795 he came to the 
United States and established himself in Philadel- 
phia, the then Capital, carrying out his original 
intention on leaving his native land of becoming an 
American citizen. 

On May 12, 1797, he was married, at the Trinity 
Catholic Church in that City, to Miss Jeanne Char- 
lotte, daughter of Pierre Hubert Stollenwerck, born 
in Cape Francois, Island of St. Domingo, Sept. 17, 
1781, her parents being of old French famihes, who 
had emigrated to that Island from Paris about the 
year 1765. 

Charles Billon, Sr., continued in business with 
varied success, in Philadelphia, for nearly twenty- 
four years. In 1818, with his wife and numerous 
family of eight children (having lost four others), 
he removed to St. Louis, where he resided four 
years, until his death Sept. 8, 1822, at the age of 
56 years and 8 months. 

* The destruction of the Bastile, July 14, 1789, the confederation of 
the Champ de Mars, &c., speedily followed by the execution of the 
King, Louis 16th. 



334 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

His widow, after having survived her husband the 
almost unparalleled period of nearly 58 years, died 
April 12, 1880, at the very advanced age of nearly 
ninety-nine years. 

Their children, all born in Philadelphia, were : 

Frederic Louis, born April 23, 1801, married 
Eulalie L. Generelly, May 20, 1829. Had twelve 
children. 

Charles P., born June 20, 1803, married Frances, 
daughter of Col. Thos. F. Eiddick, he died Jan'y 
19, 1863. 

Virginia Jane, born May 9, 1805, married Paul 
B. Gratiot; she died IS'ov'r 29, 1871. 

Caroline Emily, born June 2, 1809, widow of 
Capt. Jno. Atchison, of Galena. 

Paul Gustavus, bornFeb'y 29, 1812, of Eichland, 
Mo. 

Henry Adolphus, born Feb'y 29, 1812, died July 
3, 1824, aged 12 years. 

Charles Alfred, born June 20, 1815, of Davenport, 
Iowa. 

Antoinette Theresa, born March 23, 1817, widow 
of John J. Anderson. 



JOHN rnSTNEY, SE., 



with his wife Sarah, and a family of seven children, 
three sons and four daughters, most of them, if not 
all, born in Ireland, came to St. Louis about the 
year 1818. 

He died Sept. 1, 1822, leaving a will dated Aug't 
31, 1822, the day previous to his death, in vphich he 



JUDGE HENRY SHURLDS. 335' 

names his three sons, John, Wilham and James, the 
last a mhior, and fotir daughters, all married, viz. : 

Mary, Mrs. Mathers ; Ann, Mrs. Brooks ; Eliza- 
beth, Mrs. Kells ; Margaret, Mrs. Wilson. 

The brothers John and William were industrious, 
pushing young men and soon acquired prominence 
and position in this community, being extensively 
engaged in mercantile affairs. 

The two brothers married two of the sisters Lee. 

John Finney was married to Miss Mary Ann Lee, 
Sept. 4, 1827, and died March 2, 1868, leaving 
no children. 

William Finney was married to Miss Jane Lee, 
March 17, 1825, and died Sept. 4, 1858, leaving 
several sons and daughters.* 



was born in Gloucester County, Virginia, IN'ov'r 21,, 
1796, and studied his law with William Wirt, with 
whom he practiced for a brief period in Richmond. 
He came to St. Louis in 1819, remaining here some- 
thing more than a year, he removed toPotosi, Wash- 
ington County, in 1821. 

He was Judge of the Washington Circuit for a. 
number of years, which position he resigned to 
accept the office of Secretary of State. 

In IsTovember, 1832, he was elected Secretary of 
the State Senate, and in Feb'y, 1833, appointed by 



* The Rev'd Thos. M. Einney failing to reply to my request, I gatlien-d) 
these particulars as best I could from the public records. — CoiiipikT. 



:336 BIOGEAPHICAL. 

the Grovernor Auditor of Public Accounts, iu which 
oflSce he continued for four years, until March, 1837, 
-when he resigned it to take the cashiership of the 
new State Bank of Missouri. 

This office Judge Shurlds filled for fifteen years, 
until within a few months of his death, when ill- 
health compelled him to resign it. 

He died August 2, 1852, at the age of' 56 years, 
leaving his widow with five daughters and one son, 
Edward, who died in 1865. 

Judge Shurlds had married JsTov'r 14, in the year 
1822, at Potosi, Miss Jane J. Burt, daughter of 
Andrew Burt, formerly of Baltimore, Mary'd, and 
his daughters in after years became the wives of 
Geo. W. Dent, B. H. Batte, Wm. D. W. 
Barnard, &o. 



BOOT. WM. OAEE LAJSTE 



was born in Fayette County, Penn'a, Dec. 1, 1789, 
the third son of Presley Carr Lane, a prominent 
gentleman of that county, who in 1796 represented 
his District in the State Senate of Pennsylvania, and 
for more than twenty years a prominent man of his 
district. 

In his early years young Lane went to the com- 
mon school of the place. 

In 1802, at thirteen, he was sent to Jefferson Col- 
lege, where he remained a couple of years. 

In 1805 he spent a year in the office of an elder 
brother, who was the Prothonotary of Fayette 



DOCT. WM. CAEE LANE. 337 

County, where he acquired familiarity with legal 
matters, which served him greatly in after years. 

In 1810, after he had become of age, he spent two 
years at Dickinson College, Carlisle, where he 
graduated with high honors. 

In 1811 his father died, and his mother removed 
her family to Shelby ville, Ky., in the fall of that 
year. He going to Louisville, where he studied 
medicine with Di"- Collins, a noted physician of 
that City. 

In 1813 he went with the Kentucky Volunteers, 
under the command of Col. Russell, U. S. Army, to 
Fort Harrison, on the Wabash, sixty miles north 
of Yincennes, and was appointed Post Surgeon at 
that Post. 

After the war he spent the winter of 1815-16 
attending the University coiirse in Philadelphia. In 
1816 was appointed a Post Surgeon in the U. S. 
Army, and served for three years at Fort Harrison 
and on the Upper Mississippi River, and at Belle- 
fontaine. 

On May 3, 1819, he resigned from the Army, and 
i;ook up his permanent residence in St. Louis, he 
then having reached the age of 30 years. 

In April, 1823, after the incorporation of St. 
Louis, Doct. Lane was elected the first Mayor of 
the City, and was annually re-elected for six con- 
secutive years. In 1829 he declined a re-election, it 
interfering too much with his practice. But in 1838 
and '39 he was induced to again accept the office, 
and served these two years, making eight years 
in the office of Mayor. 

22 



338 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

In 1852 President Fillmore appointed him Gover- 
nor of N^ew Mexico, which position he filled until 
the close of the Fillmore administration. 

In 1821 he was an aid de camp of Gov'r 
MclSTair. 

Feb. 1, 1822, appointed Quar. Mas. Gen'l of the 
State of Missouri. 

In 1826 he was a member of the House of Kepre- 
sentatives. 

Doct. Wra. Carr Lane was married to Miss Mary 
Ewing, daughter of Nath'l Ewing, Esq'r, on Feb- 
ruary 26, 1818, at Yincennes, Ind'a. 

They raised two daughters : 

Sarah, the 2nd, married to "Wm. Glasgow, Jr. 

Anne, the 1st, is unmarried. 

Their only son, Victor, died a young man. 

Doct. W- Carr Lane died Jan'y 6, 1863, at the 
age of 74 years. 

Several of the brothers of Doct. Lane lived in 
St. Louis : 

Richard, Henry, Jas. S. 

WILLIAM GLASGOW, JR., 

son of James and Ann Eliza Glasgow, was born in 
Christiana, Delaware, July 4, 1813. When five 
years of age in 1818, his parents came to Missouri, 
and settled at Chariton, then in Howard County, 
where he went to school for some years, and after- 
wards completed his education at the East. 

In 1836 he estabUshed himself in business in St. 
Louis, and about 1840, in connection with Amedee 



JOHN LITTLE. 339' 

Yalle and others they established the ' ' Missouri 
Wine Comp.," of which he was for many years 
the President. 

Wm. Glasgow, Jr., was married to Miss Sarah S. 
S. Lane, second daughter of Doct. Wm. Carr 
Lane, by Bishop Kemper, April 16, 1840. She 
died Feb'y 28, 1887, leaving several children. 



AETHUK L. MAGENIS, 

was an intelligent, shrewd young lawyer from Bel- 
fast, Antrim Co., Ireland, who came to St. Louis 
in the year 1818. 

With but a limited practice in the courts for 
some years, but with no small stock of assurance 
and perseverance, he gradually pushed his way into 
society, and in due time acquired prominence and 
position. 

He was married in 'New York, Oct. 22, 1831, to 
Mary Eliza, daughter of Col. Wm. McRea, of the 
U. S. Artillery. 

About the year 1840 he removed to Washington 
City, where he continued to reside until his death 
early in the year 1848, leaving a handsome property 
to his widow and two sons. 



JOHN LITTLE, 

was born in the County Down, Ireland, 1775, and 
came to St. Louis about the year 1815. He kept a 
store for a short time in the old Labbadie stone 
house on Main above Chestnut. 



340 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Oct. 19, 1816, he was married to Marie An- 
toinette Labbadie, the young'est sister of Silvestre 
Labbadie, who had been previously married to 
Capt. John W. Honey, from whom she had been 
divorced, and owned the store where Little was 
doing business. 

She died Feb. 18, 1818, aged 25 years, and John 
Little, Aug't 23, 1820, aged 45 years. They had 
no children, and Little obtained her property. 



HON. JOHN D. DAGGETT, 

was born on Dec'r 4, 1793, at Attleborough, Mass., 
and in his early youth learnt the trade of a Ma- 
chinist. 

In 1815 he worked a short time in Philadelphia at 
lock making, and in 1816 for a short time at Pitts- 
burgh. In 1817 he came west in the employ of 
Reuben ISTeal, a Tin and Coppersmith, of Pitts- 
burgh, to St. Louis, where he arrived in October of 
that year, and had charge of Mr. IS^eal's business 
for a period of three years. 

In 1821, he was associated with Peter Haldeman 
in commission business ; 1823 commenced a retail 
dry-goods business alone, in which he was engaged 
for some years. 

In 1827, he was elected an Alderman of the City 
Government. 

In 1838, appointed Street Commissioner. 

In 1839, he obtained a Charter for the St. Louis 
Gas Light Company, of which he was one of 



DOCT. ARTHUR NELSON. 341 

the originators, and became its President in 1842, 
which position he held until 1849. 

In 1841, he was elected Mayor of the City. 

In 1850, President of the Sectional Dock Com- 
pany, whose affairs he managed for 24 years, until 
his death in 1874. 

He was generally successful in his various enter- 
prises, until the latter portion of his life, when re- 
verses overtook him in his old age, after many years 
of usefulness. 

Mr. Daggett was married in February, 1821, in 
St. Louis, to Miss Sarah, daughter of Mr. Samuel 
Sparks, of Maine. They were the parents of a nu- 
merous posterity, raising seven daughters to become 
married ladies, and two sons, William and James. 

Mr. Daggett died May 9, 1874, in his 81st year, 
and his widow but very recently. 



DOCT. AETHUR NELSON'S 

professional card, April 24, 1818. June 19th he 
purchased the stock of Drugs and Medicines of 
Simpson and Quarles, and continued the business. 

1819, Feb. 9, Docts. Nelson and Hoffman associ- 
ated and opened in Doct. Simpson's new brick, op- 
posite the bank. 

April 20, they removed to the late stand of Ren- 
shaw and Hoffman, in Dent's frame row. 

1820, Sept. 13, he removed to the lower end of 
Main Street, and continued the practice of medicine 
exclusively. 



342 BIOGEAPHICAL. 

Doct. ^Nelson was married May 25, 1819, to Miss 
Eleanor, daughtei- of Doct. Edward S. Gannt. His 
name is not found in the Directory of 1821. 



DOCT. zBisro FEMSr, 



came to St. Louis in 1820, and opened his office at 
]N'o. 52 JSTorth Main, in the old Letourno house. 
He was considered a skillful surgeon, but lived but 
a few years with us, dying, unmarried, in Dee'r, 
1824. Doct. H. L. Hoffman was his administrator. 



DOCT. GEORGE P. 

came from Copenhagen, Denmark, to the United 
States. 

He lived for some time in Pennsylvania, where 
he married an American lady. 

1817, he came to St. Louis alone, and July 11th 
opened his professional office in Laforce Papin's 
house, Main and Locust Streets. 

1819, he removed his office to Perras' house, on 
Second and Myrtle. 

About 1820-21, he left St. Louis and was absent 
in Europe for about two years, returning to St. 
Louis in 1823, with a wife, to the surprise of every 
one, whom he had left in Pennsylvania for several 
years. They went to housekeeping on South Main 
Street, and he resumed his practice. In the sum- 
mer of 1823 his wife died without children, and 
shortly afterwards he abandoned St. Louis. He 
was well educated, a good musician, and fond of 
music. 



HENRY SHAW. 343 

DOCT. PAUL MALO GEBERT, 

born in France in 1794, came to St. Louis in 1818, 
and commenced his practice Jan'y 1, 1819. After 
a residence of nearly nine years in the place, his 
practice being chiefly with our French population, 
he died, unmarried, Nov'r 20, 1826, at the age of 
32 years. 



was born in Sheffield, England, July 24, 1800. 

His father was an extensive manufacturer of cut- 
lery, &c., in that place. Early in ]819 he came over 
to the United States, landing at I^ew Orleans in 
February or March, and came to St. Louis in the 
Steamer Maid of ]S"ew Orleans, Capt. Davidson, 
which had been built at Philadelphia, and came 
around by sea to New Orleans, arriving there in 
February, and landed at St. Louis in the evening of 
Monday, May 3, 1819. 

"When Mr. Shaw arrived in St. Louis, houses were 
difficult to obtain, so he opened his stock in the 2nd 
story over the store of Tracy & Wahrendorff, mer- 
chants atlSTo. 4 ISTorth Main Street. 

In the year 1823, John Mullanphy built two small 
brick houses on Main, between Pine and Olive, Nos. 
56 and 58. IsT. B. Atwood, Drugs and Medicines, 
opened in one, and Henry Shaw, Hardware, in the 
other. He remained here for some years, and then 
removed to a larger house, ISTo. 98 on the next 
block, between Olive and Locust. 



344 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

About the year 184-, Mr. Shaw havmg acquired a 
competency, retired from business, made a voyage 
to Europe ou a visit to his parents and relatives, 
where he passed some time. In 184- he returned to 
the U. S., accompanied by his parents and sisters, 
who remained in IS^ew York, one sister, afterwards 
Mrs. JuHus Morisse, coming with him to St. 
Louis. 

After his return to St. Louis, Mr. Shaw did not 
again embark into business, but devoted his time to 
the improvement of his large landed property in city 
and country. 

In 1842^3, Mr. Shaw became the owner in fee 
of that large body of laud, extending from Grand 
Avenue west to the old Manchester Road and King's 
Highway, upon which he had made large loans to 
Thos. J. Payne, its former owner, and upon which 
he subsequently built his country residence, "Tower 
Grove Mansion," and laid out his "Botanical Gar- 
den" and "Tower Grove Park," to the adorn- 
ment of which he has devoted many of the latter 
years of his life, and expended large amounts of 
money. 

Mr. Shaw has just completed his eighty-eighth 
year, is yet in vigorous health, with a prospect of 
many years yet before him. 



ABRAHAM BECK, 



was born in Albany, ISTew York, of an old Knicker- 
bocker family, about the year 179-. He came to 



DOCT. RICHARD MASON. 345- 

St, Louis in 1819, a young lawyer, and was asso- 
ciated for a brief period with Josiah Spalding as 
Lawyers and Land Agents. 

He died Sept. 4, 1821, a young unmarried man, 
after a brief residence in the place of less than two 
years. 

DOCT. LEWIS C. BECK, 

a younger brother of Abraham Beck, came here 
with him, from Albany, New Yoi'k, in the year 
1819, he remained in the State about a couple of 
years, principally occupied in perambulating the 
different sections of the State, gathering the matter 
for a Gazetteer of Illinois and Missouri, he was then 
engaged in preparing for publication, which having 
accomplished, added to the death of his brother in 
1821, he returned to Albany, and produced his book 
in the year 1823. 

He was yet living in 1848, as in that year in New 
York he produced a small volume, entitled " Botany 
of the United States, north of Virginia." 



DOCT. EICHAED MASON, 

came to St. Louis, from Philadelphia, in Feb., 1820,, 
with a wife and some two or three young daughters. 
His gentlemanly bearing and affable manners soon 
procured him an extensive practice, which he did 
not live long to enjoy. He died April 11, 1824, 
aged about 40, and was the first person interred in 
the "Masonic Burying Grround," purchased by the- 



346 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

"Fraternity" from the estate of Jeremiah Conner, 
bounded by St. Charles Street, Washington Ave- 
nue, Tenth and Eleventh Streets, at that date far 
•out in the countrv. 



JOSIAH SPALDING, 



was born in Connecticut, about 1797, and took his 
degrees at Yale College in 1817, with the first 
honors, and was then a teacher in Columbia Col- 
lege, New York, for a couple of years, in mean- 
time pursuing the study of law. 

In the winter of 1819-20, he removed to St. 
Louis, and entered into the practice of his pro- 
fession, associated with Abraham Beck. 

In 1822, when Mr. "Edward Charless re-purchased 
the Missouri G-azette, which had been sold by his 
father, Mr. Joseph Charless, Sr., in Sept., 1820, 
to James Cummins, Mr. Spalding was engaged as 
the Editor. 

As a Counsellor at Law,' he rapidly rose to 
eminence, and soon ranked with the first at the 
Bar as a commercial Lawyer. 

Mr. Spalding was married April 2nd, 1828, in 
St. Louis, to Mrs. Agnes P. Gay, a widow lady 
from the east with two children, who had been 
teaching school for some years. 

In after years Mr. Spalding and Ham'n K. 
Gamble became associated as Attorneys at Law. 

Mr. Spalding died May, 1852, leaving a widow 
-and several children. 



SAMUEL WILLI. 347 

AMOS WHEELER, 

Attorney and Counsellor, came to St. Louis from 
Albany, 'New York, in 1819, and opened his office 
JSTov'r 17th in the Smith house, ISTo. 7 North Maiu 
Street. 

On May 26th, 1822, he was married to Miss 
Anne, the eldest daughter of Joseph Charless, Sr., 
and died on June 8th, thirteen days after his mar- 
riage, aged about 40 years. 



SAMUEL WILLI, 



was born in Mercer County, Pennsylvania, Aug't 
5, 1796. He came to St. Louis in 1820, and en- 
tered into partnership with Richard Milligan, un- 
der the style of 

"Milligan and Willi, Merchant Tailors," 
'No. 52 JN'orth Main Street, above Pine, and fol- 
lowed the business for many years, at various loca- 
tions, until he had acquired a competency, when 
he relinquished business altogether. 

Mr. Willi was married on April 26, 1827, to 
Miss Lucinda, daughter of Capt. Uri Musick, of 
Gravois, St. Louis County, and died June 27, 1876, 
in his 80th year. 

The only child they raised, Miss Eebecca Willi, 
was married Dec'i- 25, 1852, to DeWitt Clinton 
JBrown, from New York, now deceased. 



348 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Mrs. Willi yet survives at the age of about SO 
years. 

Her father, Capt. Uri Musick, served as a 
mounted i-anger in the war of 1812-15. 



JAMES TIMON, ESQ'r, 

born in Ireland, lived a number of years in Balti- 
more, where most of his children were born, and 
for a time in Louisville, Ky. 

He came to St. Louis in the summer of 1819, 
with a family of wife, two sons, and six daughters. 
And associated with his eldest son John opened a 
" Xew Store" on August 4, 1819, on Main Street 
below Elm. 

He was not long in business here. In 1820 they 
purchased a JS^ew Madrid Claim for 640 acres of 
land, which they located on Sees. 15 and 22, west 
of and adjoining the Grratiot League Square, upon 
which he cleared a farm, built a dwelling house, 
and lived there for over twenty years, returning to 
the city about the year 1841, where for ten years 
more he was employed as a collector, dying in 
1851. 

He left, by his will, what property he possessed 
to his oldest son, John, who had become a Catholic 
Priest, and subsequently was the well known K. 
Rev'd Bishop of Buffalo, 'New York. 

The children of James and Ellen Timon were : 

Mary M., married to Benj. Ames, in Louisville. 



EANKEJS BROTHEKS. 349 

Eosa, married to Michael Daly, of Perry Cy., in 
St. Louis, Aug. 26, 1819. 

Margaret, married to Hugh Mulligan, Feb'y 22, 
1827. 

Agatha, married to Wm. Douglass, lHov. 1, 
1829. 

Anna, married to James McGee, May 4, 1830. 

Elizabeth, married to — Maginnis. 

His second son, Owen y., was for many years a 
Collector and Notary Public in St. Louis, and died 
here not many years back. 



THE EAI^KEH BROTHERS, HUGH, ROBERT AND 
DAVID, 

were born at Lisboy, Londonderry County, Ire- 
land, about seven miles from Colerain, in Antrim 
County, on the river Bann which separates the two 
Counties. 

Hugh must have been the first of the Brothers 
who came to the LTnited States, as he was in busi- 
ness in Philadelphia from 1814 to 1818, about five 
years, at IsTo. 49 Chestnut Street. He then came 
out to Louisville in 1818, where he remained about 
one year, and to St. Louis late in the summer of 
1819, accompanied by his brother Eobert, and 
opened their store at JN'o. 25 IS'orth Main Street. 

Hugh Eanken died unmarried July 11, 1825, 
aged about 36 years. 



350 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

KOBERT RANKEN, 

born in 1793, after the death of his brother, Hugh, 
continued in business alone for nearly twenty-five 
years longer, and died on Dec'r 31, 1849, aged 
about 56 years. He had been very successful in 
business, and left a large estate. 

DAVID RANKEN, 

born in 1800, the third of the brothers who came 
to the United States, during all this long period had 
been actively engaged in business in Philadelphia, 
at first for a number of years in the Grocery line, 
at the old stand of his brother, 49 Chestnut 
Street, and afterwards for a much longer period in 
the Tea-trade at 73 Chestnut St., where he had 
purchased out and succeeded Samuel Brown, and_ 
where he realized a very large fortune. 

He came to St. Louis in 1850, and died here 
April 9, 1859, aged 59. 



JOSEPH Cf. LAVEILLE, 

Architect and Builder, was born in Harrisburgh, 
Penn'a, where he married, and came here with his 
wife in 1819, accompanied by Jacob Rupley, who 
was associated with him in that line for a few years. 
In 1823 he formed a copartnership with George 
Morton, the style of the firm being " Laveille & 
Morton," they were the leading builders in St. Louis 
for a number of years, erected a number of resi- 



JOSEPH C. LA.VEILLE. 351. 

dences and other building's, and several of our early- 
public edifices, amongst them the first brick Episco- 
pal Church in 1825-26; at the northwest corner of 
Third and Chestnut, on the ground now covered 
with the south-east corner of the Merchants' Ex- 
change building. And in 1827-28, the first brick 
Court-house on Fourth, now occupied by the eastern 
portion of our present Court-house. 

Mr. Laveille served us four years as Street Com- 
missioner, from 1823 to 1826, and ten years a mem- 
ber of the Board of Aldermen, from 1827 to 1836, 
when he declined a re-election. 

The copartnership with George Morton was dis- 
solved in 1834, each of them confining his business 
thereafter to dealing in lumber. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Laveille, his first wife, died in 
1834, leaving two sons and two daughters, all born 
in St. Louis, of whom one died young. 

Mr. Laveille married his second wife, Mrs. Lavina, 
widow of Edward P. Wheeler, June 30, 1836, and 
died Sept. 19, 1842, aged about 54 years, leaving- 
a son and daughter by his second marriage. Mrs. 
Laveille, his widow, died in the winter of 1848-49, 
leaving three daughters by her first husband 
Wheeler. Mr. Laveille' s two sons, Eugene and 
Theodore, were young men at their father's death- 

The Wheeler children were: 

A son, Henry M. 

Ann Eliza, married John Hartnett. 

Lavina P., married Greo. W- Campbell. 



.352 BIOGRAPHICAL. 



JOHN L. SUTTON, 

was born in l^ew Brunswick, JS^ew Jersey, 1795. 

He came to St. Louis in the fall of 1817, and 
established his blacksmith shop next below the 
southeast corner of Second and Spruce Streets, 
where he soon acquired the reputation of a master- 
workman in his line ; in 1820 he moved his shop 
diagonally across to the north-west corner, and 
about 1825 to his new shop, on the east side of Main 
just north of Sprace, where he carried it on success- 
f nlly the balance of his thirteen years' residence in 
our place. 

John L. Sutton was for several years an Alder- 
man of the Board from the south ward of the City, 
representing it in 1824, '27, '28 and '29. 

He died unmarried July 7, 1830, at the age of 
35 years. 

His heirs were four brothers and three sisters : 

James C, Henry, Joseph, and William. 

Mary, widow of Henry Taylor, with five chil- 
dren. 

Sarah, wife of James Wilgus. 

Catherine, who died unmarried. 

JAMES 0. SUTTON, 

his brother, born in ]S^ew Brunswick, 'New Jersey, 
July 1, 1797, came to St. Louis about the year 
1820, and for a few years was associated with his 
•elder brother, John L., in the blacksmith business. 



DOCT. N. B. ATWOOD. 353 

In 1826, at the public sale of the lands belong- 
ing to the estate of Charles Gratiot, Sr., he pur- 
chased a piece of 400 arpents, at the southwest 
corner of Gratiot's League Square, about seven 
miles from the Court House, totally unimproved 
and covered with its original timber. 

He set to work at once to improve 'it, built a 
temporary frame dwelling, and commenced clearing 
the land for cultivation. As the years rolled by 
he continued its improvement, built for himself a 
large stone dwelling and other buildings, untQ 
finally at his death, a few years back, he left it 
to his numerous family, a valuable inheritance. 

James C. Sutton was married Oct. 1, 1829, to 
Miss Anna, daughter of Joseph Wells, of Gravois 
Settlement. He died July 19, 1877, at the age 
of 80 years and 18 days, leaving 9 children of 
eleven. 

John L., Chas. W., Henry L., James C, Isam, 
Mary C, Sarah "W"., Catherine C. 



DOCT. NATHAJSriEL BRADLEY ATWOOD, 

was born in N^ewburyport, Massachusetts, in l^o- 
vember, 1796. 

In the winter of 1819-20, he came to St. Louis 
from Philadelphia, one of the firm of J. J. Smith 
& Co., and opened in the Drug business in the 
building No. 67 South Main St., just vacated by 
the old Bank of St. Louis. About the year 1823, 
Doct. Atwood, then alone, removed to IS'o. 56 North 

23 



354 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

Main. A few years later Doct. Atwood went to 
Memphis, Tennessee, where he remained several 
years and then returned to St. Louis, and again en- 
gaged in his former business of Druggist, which 
he followed, until his death, at various localities in 
the City. 

Doct. Atwpod was twice married. First, to 
Miss Green, of Trenton, New Jersey; this lady 
died at Memphis, Tennessee, in Sept., 1828. 

In 1831, he was married to Miss Elizabeth F. 
Legrand, of Tennessee. Doct. Atwood died at 
St. Louis in March, 1860, after a residence of 
nearly forty years in the place, aged 64 years. 

His widow survived him until February, J 887. 

They leave but one son, Doct. Legrand Atwood, 
a prominent physician of our City. 



MK. 

Tallow Chandler, born in Ireland, came to St. Louis 
with his wife and family in the year 1820, and 
commenced the manufacture of Soap and Candles 
on the east side of Second Street, third door below 
"Walnut, which he carried on for about ten years. 

He died July 12, 1830, leaving his widow Eliza- 
beth, five daughters and a son. 

Mary, Jane, Ellen, Elizabeth and Winifred, and a 
son Charles H. 



NATHANIEL PATTERSON. 355 



BEENAED GILHUIiY, 



Merchant, was born in Leitrim County, Ireland, in 
1793, came to St. Louis in 1819, and in January, 
1820, commenced business as the partner of Michael 
Castello in Becquet's old house. South Main St., 
below Elm. 

In March, 1820, he formed a new connection with 
James 0. Cummins and removed to McKnight & 
Brady's brick store No. 44, the south-east corner of 
Main and Pine Streets. 

In Sept., 1820, the firm of Gilhuly and Cummins 
was " dissolved." 

Cummins having purchased the Missouri Gazette 
newspaper, retired from the firm, selling his interest 
in same to Gilhuly, who continued alone for some 
year^ until his death. 

He died May 21, 1825, aged 32 years. 

He married Mary, the eldest daughter of "Wm^ 
Higgins, who after the death of Gilhuly, in 1825, 
remained a widow for 9 years, and then was 
married April 20, 1834, to Hugh O'JS'eil, Jr., a 
Carpenter. 

IN'athaniel Patterson married Winifred, youngest, 
daughter of Wm. Higgins, Oct. 27, 1827. 

Mr. Patterson died in 1846. Their only child, 
Ehzabeth, became the wife of James Slevin, both- 
deceased, leaving the old lady alone in the world. 
at over four score. 



356 BIOGRAPHICAL. 



EDWAED ESTAPP, SE., 

was born in Westmoreland, Orange County, Ife 
York, in the year 1778. 

In the year 1808, he was married to Mif 
Frances Flood, who was born in County Donega 
Ireland. 

Mr. Knapp was a Cabinet-maker, he came to S 
Louis with his wife and six children in 1819, his tw 
youngest bemg born in St. Louis. Their eigt 
children were : 

Edward J., born 1809, in ]^. Y., married, die 
in St. Joseph, July 8, 1879. 

Eliza, born 1811, in 'N. Y., married to Judg 
Rogers, died in Carlyle, Ills., 1868. 

Fannie, born 1812, in K. Y., married to Fre( 
erick Beltzhoover, died in St. Louis, 1855. 

George, .born Sept. 25, 1814, in IS". Y., mai 
ried to Miss Ellen McCartan, died in St. Louis 
Sept. 18, 1883. 

John, bom 1816, in N. Y., married to Yirgini 
Wright. 

Mary, born 1818, in N. Y., unmarried, died i 
Louisiana, 1882. 

William, born 1820, in St. Louis, unmarriec 
died in St. Louis, 1856. 

Margaret, born 1823, in St. Louis, unmarriec 
living. 

Mr. Edward Knapp, Sr., died in St. Louis, Sepi 
15, 1823, aged 45. 

Mrs. Frances Knapp died in St. Louis, 185* 
about 63. 



COL. GEORGE F. STEOTHEE. 357 

GEORGE KNAPP, 

born in Montgomery, Orange County, New York, 
Sept. 25, 1814, was married to Miss Eleanor Mc- 
Cartan, in St. Louis, Dec'r 22, 1840. 

Their children : 

Louisa, first Mrs. l^apoleon Mullikin, secondly 
Mrs. Whitmore. 

Ida, Mrs. Hoblitzelle. 

Shepard, married. 

Vernon W., married. 

George, unmarried. 

Andy J., married. 

Harry G., single. 

Benjamin F., single. 

Thomas M., married. 
.Eleanor J., single. 



COL. GEORGE E. 8TROTHER, 

was born in Culpepper County, Virginia, in the 
year 1787, and was a prominent Lawyer and Mem- 
ber of Congress from his district in 1817-19, and 
took an active and efficient part in the prosecution 
of " Old Hickory," for his alleged offense against 
the laws of Nations, in pursuing the British across 
the line into Florida. 

In 1820, he was appointed by President Monroe 
to succeed Col. Samuel Hammond, in the office of 
Receiver of Public Moneys, in the St. Louis Land 
District; and U. S. Attorney and Fiscal Agent, 



358 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

and immediately acquired great prominence at the 
bar of St. Louis, where he was a familiar and im- 
portant personage for a number of years. 

He brought with him from Virginia a wife and 
young son. Mrs. Sarah G. Strother died on May 
7, 1824, in St. Louis. On June 2d, 1825, Col. 
Strother was married at Lexington, Ky., to Miss 
Theodosia L., daughter of John W- Hunt, Esq'r, 
a wealthy citizen of that place, of the Hunts of 
Trenton, !N"ew Jersey. 

The fruit of this marriage was a single daughter, 
who with her mother figured for many years in 
fashionable life in this country and in Europe. 

Col. Gj-eorge F. Strother died on Saturday, ]S"ov. 
28, 1840, at his residencer in this City, at the age of 
53 years, and was interred in Christ Church Cem- 
etery. His remains now lie in Bellefontaine. His 
son had died young. 



who married March 21, 1824, the second daughter 
of General B. Pratte, Sr., came to St. Louis with 
Col. Strother as his chief clerk. Alexander died at 
Pratte's July 15, 1826. 

His widow, Mrs. Alexander, married her second 
husband, Mr. Louis D. Peugnet, from France, in 
Philadelphia, February, 1830; by this marriage 
there are two sons, both married men with families, 
Mr. Ernest Peugnet, of St. Louis, and Armand 
Peugnet, of Paris, France. 



G. ANDERSON. 359 



GAKKET ANDEESON, 

was born at Fort Lee, New Jersey, on the Hudson, 
opposite 'New York, April 19, 1797. 

He came to St. Louis in the year 1819, in the 
employment of Col. Richard Johnson and brother, 
of Kentiicky, the proprietors of the steamers then 
engaged in the transportation up the Missouri of 
the expedition of Gren'l Henry Atkinson, to estab- 
lish the Military post at the Council Bluffs, then 
Indian Territory, above Omaha, now JSTebraska. 

We had then in St. Louis several Andersons, no 
way related to each other. Our Mr. Anderson, a 
fine looking young man, always well and fashion- 
ably dressed, soon received from his numerous, 
friends and intimates the descriptive appellation of 
"Beau Anderson." 

He was with us several years, and then returned 
to the east, and became a permanent resident of 
"Washington City, D. C, where he resided until his 
death in that city. 

Mr. Anderson was married Dec. 23, 1832, to 
Miss EUza SawMns, a young lady from Southamp- 
ton, England, and died Jan'y 19, 1853, aged 55 
years and 9 months. 

Mrs. Anderson, with her five children, subse- 
quently removed to St. Louis. 

Gertrude C, Mrs. Robert Metcalf, deceased. 

Laura L., Mrs. Henry T. WilHams. 

G-arret Anderson, Jr., born April, 1838. 

Wm. H. H. Anderson, born Oct. 19, 1840, and 
George C. Anderson. 



360 BIOGRAPHICAL. 



CAPT. ELIHU HOTCHKISS SHEPAED, 

was born at Halifax, "Windliam County, Vermont,, 
Oct. 15, 1795. 

In 1803 his parents removed with their children to 
Franklin County, Massachusetts, and in October, 
1806, to Jefferson Co., JS^ew York, where he re- 
mained until the year 1819, when he went out to 
the western country. 

During the war of 1812-15, Capt. Shepard 
served for a time in the New York State militia, 
and participated in several actions. 

He. arrived in St. Louis Aug't 10, 1820. With 
an excellent education, Capt. Shepard early be- 
came a teacher, and followed the profession for 
many years. 

Capt. Shepard was married at Belleville, Ills. 
on Aug't 10, 1823, to Miss Mary Thomas, who 
died June 6, 1864; they had but one child, Mary 
Malinda, who was twice married, first to Britton 
A. Hill and secondly to D. Robert Barclay. 

On December 18, 1866, B. H. Shepard married 
a second time, he then in his 72nd year, to Mrs. 
Catherine, widow of Wm. IsT. Card, by whom he 
left a young son. 

Capt. Shepard died in St. Louis on March 19th, 
1876, aged 80 years and 5 months and 4 days. 
His remains were taken to Jefferson Co., New 
York, and interred in the family ground with 
those of his first wife. 



CAPT. JONAS NEWMAN. 361 



HON. SPEIS^CER PETTIS, 



was born in Virginia, and came to St. Louis about 
the year 1821, and commenced the practice of 
Law. 

In July, 1826, he was appointed Secretary of 
State, under Governor John Miller, which office he 
resigned in 1828, to become a candidate for Con- 
gress, to which office he was elected. 

Li 1830 he was re-elected to the same office. 

In his duel with Major Thomas Biddle on Friday, 
Aug. 27, 1830, both parties were mortally wounded^ 
Mr. Pettis dying Saturday, Aug't 28th, and Major 
Biddle the following Monday. 

Mr. Pettis was interred on Sunday, Aug. 29th, 
in the City Cemetery, Park Avenue and Sixth 
Street, yet young and unmarried. 



CAPT. JOKAS .iraWMAN, 

was born in 1795, near Harrisburgh, Pennsylvania. 

While yet a child, his father and family removed 
to Point Pleasant, Virginia, on the Ohio, at the 
mouth of the big Kenawha. 

After he had attained his manhood, he came to 
St. Louis, and was for a number of years engaged 
in steamboating. 

Capt. I^ewman was married on May 1, 1824, to 
Miss Susan, daughter of Louis Tarteron Labeaume, 
then recently deceased. 



362 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

He died on July 1, 1849, at the age of 54, 
followed but two days later, July 3rd, by that of his 
wife. 

They left but one son, our old fellow citizen, 



SOCEATES ]S"EWMAlsr, Esq'E., 

Who was born Oct. 21, 1826, and was married 
on Dec'r 21, 1852, to Miss Yitahs, daughter of 
Doct. Louis Yitalis, dec'd, a native of France. 
They have been the parents of eleven children, of 
whom four sons and four daughters are living. 



JAMES NAGLE AND HUGH JOHNSON, 

two young Irishmen of good education, came to 
St. Louis in 1820 with an Invoice of Merchandise, 
and opened a store in Clark's stone row, l^o. 35. 
They continued in business here for several years. 

Hugh Johnson died unmarried, August 6, 1825. 

After the death of his partner, Mr. ISTagle aban- 
doned mercantile pursuits, and entered into the prac- 
tice of law, for which he had been preparing himself 
by study for some years. 



NATHAN PAUL AND ARTHUR INGRAM, 

two young Philadelphians, came to St. Louis in 
1820, under the patronage of Nathaniel Burt, a 
merchant of Philadelphia, with a fine stock of mer- 



BEVERLY ALLEN. 363 

<;handise, and opened a branch of his house atl^o. 1, 
Chouteau's new brick row, Aug't 17, 1820, under 
the style of " Paul & Ingram," which soon secured 
a, good run of custom. 

Nathan Paul died Oct. 3, 1823, and Henry Eeilly 
came out to fill the vacant place ; the new firm 

" Ingram & Reilly." 

Arthur Ingram married Miss Berrian, of 

New York, and died at his father's home near 
Pittsburgh, Sept., 1828, in his 29th year. 

Henry Reilly married Miss Julia Paddock, August 
9, 1827, and died in St. Louis, Jan'y 24, 1831. 



BEVERLY AliLEN, ESQ'E, 

wras born in Eichmond, Virginia, August 15, 1800. 

Went to school in his native State, and studied 
Law and graduated at Princeton College, New 
Jersey. 

After the admission of Missouri as a State, he 
came to Ste. Genevieve, and commenced the practice 
of his profession, associated with the Hon. John 
Scott, our first Representative in Congress. 

In 1827, Mr. Allen removed to St. Louis with his 
first wife, and soon acquired an eminent position at 
our bar, where for a number of years he enjoyed a 
very lucrative practice. 

Mr. Allen was three times married, first in Ste. 
Crenevieve, to Miss Celeste M., the only child of 



364 BIOGEAPHICAL. 

George Bullitt, of that place; this lady died July 21,. 
1831. 

Mr. Allen's second marriage was on October 16, 
1832, to Mrs. Ann, the widow of Charles Wahren- 
dorff, dec'd, and eldest daughter of Joseph Charless, 
Sen'r. This lady died I^oy'r 1, 1832, at New' 
Orleans, having herself been three times married. 

April 3, 1834, Mr. Allen was married to Miss 
Penelope, daughter of the Hon. JSTathaniel Pope, of 
Kaskaskia. 

Mr. Allen died Sept. 10, 1845, in ISTew York, on 
his return from Europe, where he had gone for the 
benefit of his health ; he was yet in his prime, aged' 
but 45 years and 26 days. 

His lady still survives him. 



EDWAED BREDELL, 

was bom near Snowhill, "Worcester County, Mary- 
land, Oct. 21, 1812. His father's ancestors were 
French, his mother a daughter of Peter and Cather- 
ine Collier of that place. 

In the year 1820, when eight years of age, his 
mother being dead, and his grandmother, Mrs. Col- 
lier, having settled in St. Charles, he was brought to 
Missouri by his uncle, John Collier, and remained 
with his grandmother at St. Charles until 1823, when 
he returned to his father's residence in Maryland to- 
receive his education, which being completed, he 
returned -to St. Louis in the year 1833, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar at the age of 21 years. 



EDWARD BKEDELL. 365 

Soon thereafter in 1834, concluding to change his 
Yocation, he entered into partnership with James T. 
qSweringen, as Dry-goods Merchants, on IS^orth 
Main Street. 

In 1838, he associated with him, his brother John 
'C Bredell, as Dry-goods Merchants, at the south- 
west corner of Main and Market Streets. About 
the year 1850, Mr. Bredell retired altogether from 
business, and removed his residence to the south 
side of Lafayette Park, where he continues to reside 
to the present day. 

April 6, 1835, Mr. Bredell was married to Miss 
Angeline Cornelia, the only daughter of the late 
Samuel Perry, Esq., of Potosi, Washington County, 
Mo., born Oct. 12, 1818; she died June 28, 1887, at 
the age of 68 years and 8 months. 

Lieut. Edward Bredell, Jr., the only child they 
raised, born Aug. 3, 1839, was killed in the Confed^ 
erate service at Ashby's Gap, Virginia, IS^ov. 16, 
1864, at the age of 25 years, 3 months. 



JOHN c. 

brother of Edward, was born at Snowhill, Mary- 
land, Feb'y 22, 1815; he came to St. Louis a young 
man, about the year , and established a manu- 
factory of cotton batting. 

He died unmarried Jan'y 5, 1853, at the age of 
38 years. 



APPENDIX. 



TREATY CEDING LOUISIANA TO THE UNITED STATES. 

The President of the United States of America, 
and the First Consul of the French Repubhc, in the 
name of the French people, desiring to remove all 
source of misunderstanding relative to objects of 
discussion mentioned in the second and fifth articles 
of the convention of the 8th Vendemiaire An. 9 
(30th Sept., 1800) relating to the rights claimed by 
the United States, in virtue of the treaty, concluded 
at Madrid, the 27th October, 1795, between his 
Catholic Majesty and the said United States ; and 
willing to strengthen the union and friendship which 
at the time of the said convention was happily re- 
established between the two nations ; have respect- 
ively named their plenipotentiaries, to wit: the 
President of the United States of America, by and 
"with the advice and consent of the senate of the said 
states, Robert E. Livingston, minister plenipoten- 
tiary of the United States, and James Monroe, 
minister plenipotentiary and envoy extraordinary of 
the said states, near the government of the French 
Repubhc, and the first Consul, in the name of the 
JFrench people, the French citizen Barbe Marbois, 
(366) 



TEEATY OF CESSION. 36T 

minister of the public treasury, who, after having 
respectively exchanged their full powers, have 
agreed to the following articles : 

Article 1. Whereas, by the article, the third, of 
the treaty concluded at St. Ildefonso, the 9th Yende- 
miaire. An. 9 (1st October, 1800) between the first 
Consul of the French Republic and his Catholic 
Majesty, it was agreed as follows: " His Catholic 
" Majesty promises and engages on his part, to 
"retrocede to the French Republic, six months 
*' after the full and entire execution of the conditions 
" and stipulations herein relative to his royal high- 
*' ness the duke of Parma, the colony or province of 
" Louisiana, with the same extent that it now has 
" in the hands of Spain, and that it had when 
" France possessed it, and such as it should be after- 
" the treaties subsequently entered into between 
"Spain and other States." And whereas in pur- 
suance of the treaty, and particularly of the third 
article, the French Republic has an incontestible 
title to the domain, and to the possession of the said 
Territory. The first Consul of the French Republic 
desiring to give to the United States a strong proof 
of his Friendship, doth hereby cede to the United 
States, in the name of the French RepubUc, forever- 
and in full sovereignty the said Territory, with all 
its rights and appurtenances, as fully and in the 
same manner as they have been acquired by the 
French Repubhc in virtue of the above mentioned 
treaty, concluded with his Catholic Majesty. 

Article 2. In the cession made by the preceding 
article are included the adjacent Islands belonging 



368 APPENDIX. 

to Louisiana, all public lots and squares, vacant 
lands, and all public buildings, fortifications, bar- 
racks, and other edifices, whiph are not private 
property. The archives, papers and documents, 
relative to the domain and sovereignty of Louisiana, 
and its dependencies, will be left in the possession of 
commissaries of the United States, and copies will 
be afterwards given in due form to the magistrates 
and municipal officers, of such of the said papers 
and documents as may be necessary to them. 

Article 3. The inhabitants of the ceded territory 
shall be incorporated in the Union of the United 
States, and admitted as soon as possible, according 
to the principles of the federal constitution, to the 
enjoyment of all the rights, advantages and immuni- 
ties of citizens of the United States ; and in the 
meantime they shall be maintained and protected in 
the free enjoyment of their liberty, property, and 
the religion which they profess. 

Article 4. There shall be sent by the govern- 
ment of France, a commissary to Louisiana, to the 
end that he do every act necessary, as well to re- 
ceive from the officers of* his Catholic Majesty the 
said country and its dependencies, in the name of 
the French republic, if it has not been already done, 
as to transmit it in the name of the French republic 
to the commissary or agent of the United States. 

Article 5. Immediately after the ratification of 
the present treaty by the President of the United 
States, and in case that of the First Consul shall 
have been previously obtained, the commissary of 
the French republic shall remit all the military posts 



TREATY OF CESSION. 369 

of IsTew Orleans, and other parts of the ceded ter- 
ritory, to the commissary or commissaries named 
by the President to take possession ; the troops 
wliether of France or Spain, who may be there, 
shall cease to occupy any military post from the 
time of taking possession, and shall be embarked as 
soon as possible, in the course of three months after 
the ratification of this treaty. 

Article 6. The United States promise to execute 
such treaties and articles as may have been agreed 
between Spain and the tribes and nations of 
Indians, until by mutual consent of the United 
States and the said tribes or nations, other suitable 
articles shall have been agreed upon. 

Article T. As it is reciprocally advantageous to 
the commerce of France and the United States to 
encourage the communication of both nations for 
a limited time in the country ceded by the present 
treaty, until general arrangements relative to the 
commerce of both nations may be agreed on, it has 
been agreed between the contracting parties, that 
the French ships coming directly from France, or 
any of her colonies, loaded only with the produce 
or manufactures of France or her said colonies, and 
the ships of Spain, coming directly from Spain or 
any of her colonies, loaded only with the produce 
or manufactures of Spain or her colonies, shall be 
admitted during the space of twelve years to the 
ports of New Orleans, and in all other legal ports 
of entry within the ceded territory, in the same 
manner as the ships of the United States, coming 
directly from France or Spain, or any of their colo- 

2i 



370 APPENDIX. 

nies, without being subject to any other, or greater 
duty on merchandise, or other or greater tonnage 
than those paid by the citizens of the United 
States. 

During the space of time above mentioned, no 
otlaer nation shall have a right to the same privi- 
leges in the ports of the ceded territory ; the twelve 
years shall commence three months after the ex- 
change of ratifications, if it shall take place in 
France, or three months after it shall have been 
notified at Paris to the French government, if it 
shall take place in the United States ; it is, however, 
well understood, that the object of the above article 
is to favor the manufactures, commerce, freight and 
navigation of France and of Spain, so far as relates, 
to the importations that the French and Spanish 
shall make into the said ports of the United States, 
without in any sort affecting the regulations that the 
United States may make concerning the exportation 
of the produce and merchandise cf the United States, 
or any right they may have to make such regula- 
tions. 

Article 8. In future and forever after the expira- 
tion of the twelve years, the ships of France shall be 
treated upon the footing of the most favored nations 
in the ports above mentioned. 

Article 9. The particular convention signed this 
day by the respective ministers, having for its object 
to provide for the payment of debts due to the 
citizens of the United States by the French Republic, 
prior to the 30th Sept., 1800 (8th Yendemiaire year 
9) is approved, and to have its execution in the same 



TREATY OF CESSION. 371 

manner as if it had been inserted in the present 
treaty, and it shall be ratified in the same form 
and in the same time, so that the one shall not be 
ratified, distinct from the other. Another particular 
convention, signed at the same date as the present 
treaty, relative to a definitive rule between the con- 
tracting parties, is in the like manner approved, and 
will be ratified in the same form, and in the same 
time and jointly. 

Article 10. The present treaty shall be ratified in 
good and due form, and the ratifications shall be 
exchanged in the space of six months after the date 
of the signature by the minister plenipotentiary, or 
sooner if possible. 

In faith whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries 
have signed these articles in the French and English 
languages, declaring nevertheless, that the present 
treaty was originally agreed to in the French lan- 
guage, and have thereunto put their seals. 

Done at Paris, the tenth day of Floreal, in the 
eleventh year of the French Kepubfic, the 30th 
April, 1803. 

Robert R. Livingston. 
James Monroe. 
Bakbe Maebois. 




372 APPENDIX. 

COL. JOHN FRANCIS HAMTEAMCK, TJ. S. ARMY, 

was born in Prussia, August 14, 1757, and at the 
breaking out of the American Revolution in 1775, 
he joined the American Array from New York as a 
commissioned officer in the State troops, and' served 
throughout the war, participating in a number of 
engagements. 

At the close of the war, and the disbandment of 
the Continental Army, he was one of the few who 
were retained in the Federal service with the rank of 
Lieutenant from 1777. 

By Act of Congress, June 3, 1784, the First Regi- 
ment of U. S. Infantry was organized, to which he 
was appointed with the rank of Captain, April 12, 
1785, promoted to Major, Oct. 20, 1786. Lieut. 
Colonel, Feb'y 18, 1793, and full Colonel, April 1, 
1802. 

He died at his Head Quarters at Detroit, Michi- 
gan, April 11, 1803, in his 46th year, leaving a son 
and three daughters, all young, but who reached 
maturity and all married, viz. : 

John F. Hamtramck, Jr., born in Indiana, entered 
West Point in 1815, graduated in 1819, commis- 
sioned 2nd Lieut. Artillery, July 1, 1819, resigned 
March 1, 1822. He was twice married and lived in 
St. Louis some years, commanded a Regiment from 
Virginia in the Mexican War. 

Julianne, married to Doct. Harvey Lane, of Ste. 
Grenevieve . 

Harriet, to Capt. Joseph Cross, formerly U. S. 
Army at Kaskaskia. 



COL. J. F. HAMTBAMCK. 373 

Eebecca, to Capt. Thomas J. Harrison, 3rd Eegi- 
ment, at Jefferson Barracks, April 26, 1827. 

Col. Hamtramck's widow became the wife of 
Judge Jesse B. Thomas in 1805. Gen'l Wm. H. 
Harrison was the guardian of Col. Hamtramck's 
children, all minors. 

A son of Doct. Harvey Lane, John F. Ham- 
tramck Lane, born in Ste. Grenevieve in 1812, died 
there July 16, 1826, aged 14 years. Doct. H. Lane 
had died there a year previously in 1825. 

A daughter, Harriet, is the wife of Henry Gr. 
Soulard, of St. Louis. 

Another was the wife of Julius Chenie, of St. 
Louis, both now deceased. 

Col. Hamtramck was attached to the 1st U. S. 
Reg't from its commencement in 1784, he was with 
G-en'l Harmer in 1790, St. Clair in 1791, Wilkin- 
son 1792, finally at Vincennes and Detroit. 

Col. H. being in Pittsburgh on business in March, 
1801, invited the officers of his Regiment then sta- 
tioned at that post to dine with him on March 4th, 
Pres't Jefferson's inauguration day. At 4 p. m., 
they assembled at the garrison, and duly celebrated, 
the day in an appropriate manner, Capt. Read of 
the Artillery fired the salute, and Major Craig, 
Quarter Master, prepared the fire works. 
. Inscription on his monument at Detroit : 

" Sacred to the memory of John F. Hamtramck, 
" first United States Regiment of Infantry, and 
" commander of Detroit and its dependancies, he 
" departed this life on 11th April, 1803, aged 45 
"years, 7 months, 28 days. 



374 APPENDIX. 

" True patriotism and a zealous attachment to lib- 
" erty, joined to a laudable ambition, led him to 
" military service at an early period of his life, and 
" an active participator in all the dangers, diffieul- 
"ties and risks of the Revolutionary war, and his 
" heroism and uniform good conduct procured him 
"the attention and thanks of his friends and the 
" immortal Washington. 

" The United States in him have lost a valuable 
" officer, a good citizen and member of society, his 
" loss to his country is incalculable, and his friends 
" will never forget the memory of Hamtramck. 

" This humble anonument is placed over his 
"remains by the officers who had the honor to 
" serve under his command, as a small but grateful 
"tribute to merit and worth." 



GOV'k MERIWETHER LEWIS, 

was born Aug't 18, 1774, near Charlottesville, Al- 
bemarle County, Virginia. His grand-uncle, John 
Lewis, had been a member, of the King's Council 
before the Revolution. Another of his grand-uncles, 
Fielding Lewis, was a brother-in-law of Greorge 
"Washington, having married a sister of "Wash- 
ington. 

In 1794, at the age of 20 years, he joined the 
volunteers called out by Washington to suppress 
the Whiskey Insurrection in the western part of 
Pennsylvania • from this he was appointed by Wash- 
ington a Lieiit. in the Regular Service of the 



GAPT. M. LEWIS. 375 

United States, and in 1797, at the age of 23 years, 
was promoted to a Captaincy. 

At the first inauguration of President Jefferson, 
in 1801, he appointed Capt. Lewis his private Sec- 
retary, which position he filled for two years until 
1803. In this year after the promulgation of the 
treaty of cession, Congress made an appropriation 
"to explore the Missouri- River, cross the Stoney 
" Mountains, and descend some river to the Pacific 
"Ocean.'.' 

President Jefferson, knowing well the man from 
his infancy, at once selected him to the command of 
the expedition, and as, in the event of an accident, 
it was necessary that some one should be associated 
with him in this then very hazardous expedition, 
Mr. William Clark, a younger brother of Col. 
George Eogers Clark of Revolutionary history, was 
appointed, and received the commission of Cap- 
tain. 

(Hence called "expedition of Capts. Lewis & 
"Clark.") 

Jefferson's instructions to Capt. Lewis are dated 
"Washington, July 4, 1803." Thus instructed 
Capt. Lewis left Washington on the next day, July 
5, 1803, then 29 years of age, and proceeded to 
Pittsburgh to fit out the expedition. The time 
necessary for this purpose, the low stage of water in 
the Ohio, and other causes, so retarded the move- 
ment of the expedition, that on its arrival at Caho- 
kia, opposite St. Louis, the season was too far- 
advanced to ascend the Missouri River this season. 

(It was during this winter of 1803-4, that, while 



376 APPENDIX. " 

waiting here for the spring to prosecute his voyage, 
Capt. Lewis Avas present at the transfer of the 
country to the United States on the 9th of March, 
1804, and that his name is affixed, as one of the wit- 
nesses, to the official document executed by Delas- 
sus and Stoddard to that effect.) 

Capt. Lewis' party consisted originally of 28 per- 
sons, viz. : 

Nine young men from Kentucky, 14 U. S. sol- 
diers, 2 Canadian boatmen, Capts. Lewis and Clark, 
and a negro servant of Capt. Clark. When leaving 
here in the spring, Capt. Lewis added to his party 
1 Indian Interpreter^ 1 Hunter and ]5 boat hands, 
the party then numbering 45 in all. 

The expedition left Wood river, opposite the 
mouth of the Missouri, where the boats had win- 
tered, on the opening of navigation in the spring of 
1804, and reached the Mandan Villages in latitude 
47 degrees 21 minutes, where they spent the first 
winter in a rude Fort erected for their shelter and 
protection. 

In the spring of 1805 Capt. Lewis dispatched a 
pirogue with 13 of his boat hands to St. Louis with 
dispatches, &c., for the government, and having 
lost one man, his party now numbered 31 men. 

On the 7th of April he resumed his movement 
ascending the Missouri River, and reached the falls 
of the same about the middle of June. About the 
last of July, they reached the three forks which 
they named Jefferson, Madison and Gallatin, as- 
cended the Jefferson fork, the northern and largest. 



CAPT. M. LEWIS. 377 

to its soui'ce, procured horses and a guide from the 
Shoshonee Indians in August, passed through the 
Mountains, reaching the western slope Sept. 22nd — 
built canoes and embarked in them on the Koos- 
koosky, a branch of the Columbia, on October 7th, 
and reached the Pacific Ocean JSToy'r 15th. Here 
they also erected a fort, and passed the second 
winter, on the South bank of the Columbia River. 
On the 23rd of March, 1806, they recommenced 
the ascent of the river on their return home, left 
their canoes on May 2nd, crossed the mountains as 
in going on horseback, reached the Missouri river 
August 12th, and St. Louis Sept. 23rd. 

Absent on the expedition 2 years, 4 months and 
10 days. 

After spending some little time iu St. Louis, 

Capts. Lewis & Clark proceeded to Washington, 

where they arrived in Feb'y, 1807. ' Congress 

passed an act granting each of them and their 

companions a donation of lands. Shortly after this 

Capt. Lewis was appointed Governor of Upper 

Louisiana, and Capt. Clark, General of the militia. 

When Governor Lewis returned to St. Louis^ 

' he found the Territory distracted by feuds and 

' quarrels among the ofiicials, and the people 

'greatly discontented." Mr. Jefferson in his 

sketch of Gov. Lewis, says, "he took no sides 

'with either party, but administering even-handed 

' justice to all, soon established a respect for his 

' person and authority, and time wore down ani- 

' mosities, and reunited the citizens again into one 

' family." 



378 APPENDIX. 

In the autumn of 1809, his affairs requiring his 
presence in Washington, he left St. Louis in Sep- 
tember to proceed down the river to 'New Orleans 
and there take a coasting vessel around — ^from his 
youth he had been subject to occasional fits of low 
spirits and despondency, and on his arrival at the 
Chickasaw Bluffs (now Memphis) somewhat indis- 
posed, he changed his mind and concluded to go 
through by land. Mr. JS^eeley, U. S. agent for the 
Chickasaw Indians, who was to accompany him, 
perceived in him occasional symptoms of derange- 
ment of mind. 

After passing the Tennessee river about a day's 
journey, they stopped for the night of October 10th 
at the house of a Mr. Griner. At about 3 o'clock 
in the morning of the 11th, Mrs. Griner was awak- 
ened by the report of a pistol from the room occu- 
pied by Gov. Lewis, followed in a little while by a 
second. On entering the room the Governor was 
found dead in his bed, with a bullet hole under his 
chin up to and through his skull. 

The place where this occurred is near Gordon, 
the county seat of Lewis County (named by the 
Legislature in honor of Governor Lewis) in Middle 
Tennessee. .He was only 35 years of age (near 
this spot the Legislature of Tennessee erected in 
the year 1848, a gray stone monument of native 
rock, about 25 feet high, inclosed with an iron rail- 
ing, with suitable inscriptions on the four sides) . 

Before leaving St. Louis on this his last journey, 
Governor Lewis, on the 19th day of August, 1809, 



GEN. WM. CLAKK. 379 

appointed his " three most intimate friends, William 
"Clark, Alexander Stuart, and Wm. C. Carr, his 
"lawful attorneys, with full authority to dispose of -4- 
"all or any part of his property real and personal, 
" and to pay, or receive, all debts due by or to him 
"&c.," executed in presence of Jeremiah Connor 
and Sam'l Solomon as witnesses. 

From the fact of his naming three attorneys 
clothed with such full powers as are usually exer- 
cised by Executors only, it would seem to indicate 
that he might have had some foi-eboding that he 
might never return to St. Louis, even if he then 
entertained no idea of self destruction. 

Edward Hempstead was appointed administrator 
of his estate by the General Court of the Territory 
of Louisiana in 1810. Lewis had purchased several 
pieces of land in the vicinity of the village, among 
them a 3 V2 arpent piece from John Mullanphy, 
adjoining Roys Mill tract, just above the north end 
of the then village. The Belcher Sugar refinery 
is on part of it, and Lewis Street, named after 
him, is also on it. 

In concluding this brief sketch of M. Lewis, I 
deem it the proper place to say a few words of his 
associate in the expedition, and intimate friend. 



GEN. WM. OLAEK, 



was born in Caroline County, Yirginia, Aug't 1, 
1770, and was a younger brother of Col. Geo. 
Rogers Clark of Revolutionary fame. In 1784 his 



380 APPENDIX. 

father moved to Kentucky, and settled at the Falls 
of the Ohio, now Louisville. 

In 1788 he was appointed an Ensign. In March, 
1792, prornqted to a Lieutenancy, and appointed 
Adjutant and Quarter-Master. These positions he 
resigned in July, 1796, owing to ill-health. In 1803 
he was appointed a Lieutenant of Artillery with 
orders to join Capt. Lewis in his expedition to the 
Pacific Ocean. In 1806 he was promoted to first 
Lieutenant of Artillery. President Jefferson ap- 
pointed him a Lieut. Colonel, but the appointment 
not being confirmed he resigned from the regular 
service in 1807, and was appointed Brigadier Gen- 
eral of the militia of the Territoiy of Upper 
Louisiana. 

In 1813 he was appointed by President Madi- 
son, Governor of Missouri Territory, succeeding 
Governor Benj. Howard, which position he filled to 
the satisfaction of all parties, iintil the admission of 
Missouri into the Union. 

The ofiice of Superintendent of Indian Affairs 
having been established by Act of Congress, he 
was appointed to the position by President Monroe 
in May, 1822, which oflace he held for 16 years until 
his death on Sept. 1, 1838, at the age of 68 years 
and one month. 

As some thing co-incident in the lives of these 
two men, they were both from the same State, 
Virginia, both associated in the conduct of the 
expedition to the Pacific, and both became gov- 
ernors of the Territory, and so close the intimacy 



GEN. Z. M. PIKE. 381 

between them, that Clark on the birth of his first 
son, named him after his old associate Meriwether 
Lewis. 

Gen'l Clark was twice married, his four sons 
by his first wife are all deceased. His only pne 
by his second, Jefferson K. Clark, being the sole 
survivor. 



UEN'l ZEBULOIf MONTGOMEBY PIKE, 

was born at Lamberton, ISTew Jersey, Jan'y 5, 1779. 
Son of Major Zebulon Pike of the Revolutionary 
Army, who moved over to Bucks Co., Penn'a. 

March 3, 1799. Appointed Ensign in the 2nd 
Regiment of Infantry. 

April 24, 1800. 1st Lieut, same Regiment, 
1802, transferred to 1st Regiment. 

1806. Captain same Regiment. 

1809. Major same Regiment. 

1810. Lieut. Col. 4th Regiment. 

4th July, 1812. Colonel 15th Regiment. 

Feb'y, 1813. Brigadier General. 

Married in 1801 at 22 years to Clarissa Brown of 
Kentucky. Killed at York (Toronto), Upper 
Canada, April 27, 1813. Aged 34 years. 

About the time of the transfer in 1803-4 Lieut. 
Pike was in command for a time at Kaskaskia, 
the first Military Post established by the U. S. on 
the Mississippi River after the treaty with Spain 
in 1795. 



382 APPENDIX. 



Exploration to the Sources of the Mississippi River, 
1805 and 1806, appointed by Gen'l James Wilkinson, 
*U. S. Army, to the command of the party. 
Lieut. Z. M. Pike. 
Interpreter, Pierre Eosseau. 
Sergeant, Henry Hennerman. 
Corporals, Wm. E. Meek; Samuel Bradley. 

Privates. 

Jeremiah Jackson. John Brown. 

John Boley. Jacob Carter. 

Thomas Douglass. William Gordon. 

Solomon Huddleston. John Mountjoy. 

Theodore Miller. Hugh Menaugh. 

Alexander Roy. John Sparks. 

Patrick Smith. Freegift Stout. 

Peter Bran den. David O wings. 
David Whelpley. 22 in all. 

This party left St. Louis, Friday, Aug't 9, 1805, 
in a keel boat, on Sat., Feb. 1, 1806, arrived at 
Leech Lake, extremity of navigation, in 47° 16' 18", 
north latitude, and returned to St. Louis, all well, 
April 30, 1806. Absent 8 months 22 days. 

OAPT. pike's, second EXPEDITION THROUGH 
LOUISIANA. 

Capt. Z. M. Pike. 

Zdeut. James B. Wilkinson. 

Doct. John H. Robinson. 

Sergeants Joseph Ballenger, William E. Meek. 

Corporal Jeremiah Jackson. 



GEN. M. PIKE. 383 

Privates. 

John Boley. Theodore Miller. 

Henry Kennerman, Hugh Menaugh. 

Samuel Bradley. John Mountjoy. 

John Brown. Alexander Roy. 

Jacob Carter. John Sparks. 

Thomas Douglass. Patrick Smith. 

William Gordon. Preegift Stout. 

Solomon Huddleston. John Wilson. 23 in all. 

Interpreter, Baronet Vasquez. 

The party left St. Louis July 15, 1806. As- 
cended the Missouri and Platte rivers, crossed the 
mountains, and on Oct. 27, reached the Arkansas, 
which they at first supposed was the Red River. 
Here Capt. Pike divided his party. 

Lieut. Wilkinson with Sergeant Ballenger, and 
privates Boley, Bradley, Wilson and Huddleston, 
and Interpreter Baronet Vasquez, seven in all de- 
scended the River in canoes to ]S^ew-Orleans, which 
they reaqhed in February, 1807. While Pike and 
Doct. Robinson with the balance sixteen in all, 
ascended the River, traversed the mountains into 
Mexico and Louisiana, and reached ]N^atchitoches on 
Red River, July 1, 1807, absent a year. 

Zeb. M. Pike, Major. 



384 APPENDIX. 



OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE. 



M. LEWIS, COL. CHOUTEAU AND FLEMITSTft AND 
PKEDEEICK BATES. 



City oe "Washington, Feby. 11, 1807. 

Sir: This will be handed you by a particvilar 
friend and acquaintance of mine Mr. Fleming Bates, 
late Judge of the Michigan Territory and receiver 
of public monies at Detroit. 

Mr. Bates has been recently appointed the Sec- 
retary of the Territory of Louisiana, and recorder 
of the Board of Commissioners for adjusting the 
land claims in that territory and is about to estab- 
lish himself at St. Louis, in order to take on him 
the discharge of the duties incumbent to those 
offices. 

The situation of Mr. Bates as a public officer 
sufficiently shows the estimation in which he is, in 
my opinion, deservedly held by the Executive of 
the United States, and consequently renders any 
further observations in relation to his talents or 
integrity unnecessary on my part. You will confer 
an obligation on me by making Mr. Bates ac- 
quainted with the respectable inhabitants of St. 
Louis and its vicinity, or by rendering him any serv- 
ice which it may be in your power to give him. 

The papers you confided to my c^re have been 
laid before the Executive, but as yet I have received 



OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE. 385 

TIC answer on the subject ; nor do I believe that any 
definite answer will be given, or measures taken in 
relation to the land claims of Louisiana, until after 
the passage of a law on that subject which is now 
under the consideration of Congress. 

I shall probably come on to St. Louis in the 
course of the next fall, for the purpose of residing 
among you ; in such an event I should wish timely 
to procure a house by rent or otherwise for my ac- 
commodation, and I have fixed my eye on that of 
Mr. Gratiot, provided we can come on terms which 
may be mutually agreeable. I would prefer renting 
or leasing to purchase ; in either case the enclosure 
of the garden must be rendered secure, and the steps 
and floor of the piazza repaired by the 1st of Oc- 
tober next. I would thank you to request Mr. 
Gratiot to write me on this subject, and to state 
his terms distinctly as to price, payment, etc., in 
order that I may know whether my resources will 
enable me to meet these or not, or whether it will 
become necessary that I should make some other 
provision for my accommodation. 

My respectful compliments to your lady, Mad'e 
P. Chouteau, and my friends of St. Louis and its 
vicinity, and believe me 

Your sincere friend and 

Obed't servant, 

Meriwether Lewis. 

Mon'r Aug't Chouteau. 

25 



386 APPENDIX. 

St. Louis, May 27, 1807. 

Sir: I had this afternoon the honor of receiv- 
ing- your polite intimation with respect to a Parade 
of Volunteers. It is believed to be an affair, over 
which the Executive ought to have no controul. 

I should be gratified by your making on this, and 
all similar occasions, such dispositions and arrange- 
ments, as will be satisfactory to yourself and to the 
people. 

I am Sir, very respectfully 

Your most Obed't Servant, 

Fl. Bates. 
Col. Aug't Chouteau. 



Col. Chouteau. 

Sir: I received last afternoon your friendly and 
hospitable Billet — and • intended , to have had the 
honor of accepting the invitation which it con- 
tained, but the press of business which I ought 
not for a moment to postpone, will I hope be a 
sufficient apology for my not waiting on you. 
I am Sir, 

Most respectfully, 

Your Obed't Sei'vant, 

Fl. Bates.* 
July 8, 1807. 



* Fleming Bates died Dec. 29, 1830, in liis 53d year, at Northumber- 
land, Virginia. 



official corkespondence. 387 

Seorbtaby's Office, 

St. Louis, Aug. 1, 1809. 
'Sir: I have the honor to send herewith three 
pamphlets of the acts of the Congress of the United 
States, also, a volume of the Laws of this territory, 
comprising the whole, at this time, in force, passed 
subsequently to the cession. 

I have the honor to be 

Very respectfully. 
Sir, 
Your most Obed't Servant, 
Feedeeick Bates. 
Hon'ble Aug't Chouteau, 
Judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas, &c., &c. 



St. Louis, Sept. 6, 1809. 
Sir: I have th^ honor to enclose you the bond 
of Francis Deroin, deposited this morning in my 
office, also a new License and Bond, which you will 
have the goodness to be executed at your leisure. 
I have the honor to be. 

Very respectfully. Sir, 

Your Obed't Servant, 

Feedekiok Bates. 
Hon. Augte. Chouteau. 



St. Louis, 11th Sept., 1809. 
Sir: I had the honor to receive this moment 
your nomination of sundry persons to fill the vacan- 



388 APPENDIX. 

cies occasioned by the resignation of Major San- 
guinet. I expect the printer will supply me, in a 
few days, with blanks, when these appointments 
will be made immediately. 

I have the honor to be, 

Very respectfully 
Sir, your most Obed't Servant, 

Fredertck Bates. 
Hon. Augt. Chouteau. 

Lieut. Col. comd'g 1st Reg't Militia. 



/Sir: One of your Hunters applied yesterday at 
my office for a license to hunt on the Osage river. 

As I did not hear the name of the man, I have the 
pleasure to enclose yoa a blank. The name may 
be reported to me at some future time, when con- 
venient. 

I have the honor to be, 

Yery respect^lly 
Sir, your most Obed't Servant, 

Frbdeeick Bates. 
Sept. 23, 1809. 
The Hon. Augte. Chouteau. 



St. Louis, Sept. 4, 1810. 

Sir: I enclose Patent certificates 'Nos. 78, 79, 
80 and 81 on the. commissioners JSTos. 336, 376, 403 
and 363. 

I have been obhged to delay these papers longer 



OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE. 389 

than I could have wished, in ordei* to obtain certain 
explanations from the Surveyors. 

With very great respect, 
I have the honor to be 

Sir, your most Obed't Servant, 
Frederick Bates. 
Hon. Auguste Chouteau. 



St. Louis, April 28, 1813. 

Sir: I have the honor to enclose a letter to the 
General Commissioner of the land-office, enclosing 
the corrected plat and patent certificate for your 
Mill Tract. 

Be so obliging as to put a wafer in it before 
delivery to Major Hempstead.* 
I have the honor to be. 
Very respectfully 

Sir, your Obed't Servant, 

Frederick Bates. 
Hon'ble Augt. Chouteau. 



Missouri Territory, Executive Office, 

Aug. 11, 1819. 
Sir: I have this moment the honor to receive 
your letter of yesterday, enclosing a copy of a Treaty 
negotiated by yourself and Col. Stephenson, com- 



* Edward Hempstead, then acting commissioner of the General Land 
Office. 



390 APPENDIX. 

missioners on the part of the United States, with the 
Kickapoo Indians, on the 30th July last. 
With great respect, I have the honor to be, 

Sir, your Obe't Servant, 

Fkedbeick Bates. 
The Hon. Augt. Chouteau. 



BELLE-PONTAINi;' S EARLY HISTORY. 

A large portion of the people of our City, at the 
present day, imagine whenever they hear the term 
Bellefontaine made use of, that it is the name ex- 
clusively of the Cemetery so designated, but few of 
them, perhaps, being aware of the fact that Belle- 
fontaine proper is a locality some ten miles distant 
from the cemetery, which last received the name 
simply from the fact of lying on the road to Belle- 
fontaine. The association that originated the ceme- 
tery, named it at first the "Rural Cemetery " and 
subsequently changed it to " Bellefontaine," per- 
haps as more euphonious. Bellefontaine lies on the 
south bank of the Missouri river, in St. Ferdinand 
Township of St. Louis County, in Sec. 10, Town- 
ship 47 north, range 7 east, and is just 14 miles due 
north from the Court house. It was a noted point 
in the early annals of St. Louis, and its history 
and events that there occurred, if detailed at length, 
would fill quite a volume. 

Early in the year 1768, but a few years after the 
birth of the village, and while yet there was no 
legally established , government in the country on 



BELLE-FONTAINE. 391 

this side of the River, everything, being in 
abeyance, awaiting the appearance of those to 
whom the country had been ceded by the French 
King, Capt. Rios of the Spanish service, with 
some twenty-five soldiers, arrived from below, sent 
up by Count UUoa to establish the Spanish author- 
ity in this Upper Louisiana. Meeting with a very 
unwelcome reception from the people of the place, 
although, following the example of their country- 
men below, they did not oppose his landing, his 
first step was to select a suitable location for a Fort, 
as protection from Indian inroads on the north, and 
to provide quarters for his men. 

He selected this spot, and late in the season com- 
pleted his Fort which he named, "Fort Prince 
Charles " in honor of the son of his King, and heir 
to the Throne. 

It does not appear to have been long occupied as 
a Military Post by the Spanish, in the year 1769 
Rios returned below with his men, and Piernas came 
up in 1770. It was afterwards converted into a 
Factory, or trading Post with the Indians, although 
still called the "Fort," and is mentioned in several 
documents of the time under that title. However 
Governor Zenon Trudeau, on Sept. 10, 1797, 
granted to a Hezekiah Lard, a concession of one 
thousand arpents of land on the Missouri river, 
through which runs the ' ' Cold water ' ' or Belle- 
fontaine creek; on this land Lard built a house, saw 
and grist mill, and cleared a farm, and on this land 
was the Old Fort or Factory. Lard died in 1799, 



392 APPENDIX. 

and in 1803 his estate was sold at public sale, in par- 
tition and six hundred arpents of the tract were pur- 
chased by a William Massey, upon which was the 
old Factory and buildings. This closes its history 
for the forty years that the Country was in pos- 
session of the French and Spanish. It received the 
name of Belle-fontaine by the French and Spanish 
traders from a large spring at the foot of the 
Bluffs near the river. 

After the transfer of the country to the United 
States in 1804, Geri'l James Wilkinson, then in 
command of the Army of the United States, 
selected Bellefontaine as the most suitable position 
fpr the headquarters of the U. S. Military on the 
western waters. The U. S. troops were first can- 
toned at Bellefontaine in temporary log-huts in the 
years 1805-1806. 

April 20, 1806, Gen'l Wilkinson for the U. S. 
purchased from William Massey, five acres of land 
with the Factory and buildings called Bellefontaine, 
with the use for five years of the ground then used 
for the cantonment, with the buildings, gardens, 
woodlands, &c. Upon these five acres G-en'l Wil- 
kinson erected the buildings for a permanent post. 

July, 1806, Gren'l Wilkinson purchased the whole 
tract of 500 arpents excepting the 5 acres pre- 
viously purchased for the U. S. — and in March, 
1809, conveyed it to the U. S. who then owned the 
whole tract — a considerable portion of which was 
kept in cultivation to supply the wants of the men. 

After the establishment of Fort Atkinson, Couh- 



BELLE-PONTAINE. 393 

cil Bluffs on the Missouri, Fort Snelling, St. 
Peters, on the Mississippi, and the various other 
military posts on these two rivers, Bellefontaine 
was no longer the rallying point of the U. S. Mili- 
tary in the west (but a few troops were still kept 
there for a few years longer) and from its inac- 
cessibility in seasons of low water, it was deemed 
best to abandon it altogether, and establish the 
headquarters of the U. S. in the west, at a more 
suitable and accessible point, for which purpose the 
site of the present Jefferson Barracks was selected, 
and on the 4th July, 1826, Col. Talbot Chambers 
with his four companies of the 1st Infantry, the 
last U. S. military occupants of the Fort, aban- 
doned the old place forever and removed to the new 
site selected by the U. S. (Jefferson Barracks) for 
what was then contemplated to become the chief 
point for the concentration of the U. S. Military. 
After the removal of the troops it remained in 
charge of a military store keeper '" for some ten 
years. 

In 1836 Gen'l Lewis Cass, Sec'y of War under 
Yan Buren, ordered it to be sold at public sale. It 
was purchased by Jamison Samuel, Dunham Spald- 
ing, H. 'N. Davis and E. L. Langham, who laid out 
on it their " Town of Bellefontaine," but as it 
never came to anything it was again converted into 
a farm, and was purchased by the late Doct. David 
C. Tandy of this City, whose son, Eobert E. 
Tandy, at present resides on the place. 



Old Major John Whistler of the Eevolution. 



394 APPENDIX. 

The prospect from Bellefontaine north is very 
fine. Immediately opposite on the north side of 
the Missouri River, Hes the south-east point of St. 
Charles County, low and flat, of alluvial formation, 
extending some three miles east to the junction of 
the two rivers ; across this flat point of land at the 
distance of four miles due north, the City of Alton 
on the east bank of the Mississippi is in full view, 
the hig'h bluffs on that side pointing out the course 
of the river for some distance above that City. 
The bluffs on this side are 170 feet above the river, 
ascertained by the old well which had to be exca- 
vated to that depth before reaching water. 

The noted Spring from which the place received 
its name, is near the foot of the Bluffs on this side, 
but the encroachments of the river have swept it 
away. 

The track of the old upper road to Bellefontaine, 
can be traced to this day (1880) through Belle- 
fontaine and Calvary cemeteries, and from Baden, 
at the forks of the old Hall's ferry road to the 
Spanish pond, it runs pretty much over the same 
ground for 120 years. 



OLD LAND -MARKS. 

There yet remain here at this day (1888) some 
eight or ten dilapidated old houses of the early 
times, and as in a very brief period they must 
inevitably be removed to make way for others, it 
might be a matter of some little interest to a por- 



JUDGE WM. C. CARE'S. 395 

tion of the present generation, to take a cursory- 
glance at these old relics of by-gone days, enabling 
them at a future period to realize the fact, that they 
were here in time to witness for tliemselves some of 
these old remains of early St. Louis. And more 
especially as some of these old ruins had been 
erected and were occupied for a time by individuals, 
who, in their day and' generation, were prominent 
in this community, several of them having filled 
important public positions. 

These old houses are in chronological order. 



JUDGE WM. C. CAER'S. 

A two-story brick dwelling at the southeast corner 
of Main and Spruce Streets (now l^o. 400 South 
Main), built by Judge Wm. C. Carr, in 1815, for 
his own residence, the fifth brick house built in St. 
Louis, and the first one expressly for a dwelling, and 
was occupied by the Judge for several years, until 
he removed to his new place in the country, in what 
is now Franklin Avenue. 

In the year 1820 it was occupied for a short time 
by Doct. Bernard G. Farrar, on his return from 
Kentucky with his second wife, the late Mrs. 
Farrar. 

It was next a sort of Military Headquarters and 
Bachelor's Hall, being occupied in 1821 conjointly 
by Genl. Henry Atkinson, Major Thomas Biddle 
and Capt. Tom Smith, U. S. Army, and Major 
Kichard Graham, U. S. Indian Agent, all four at 



396 APPENDIX. 

that period unmarried men, but Grraham, and he a 
widower. Subsequently by other parties, until 
eventually it was altered for a drinking saloon, as it 
is yet so occupied. 



THE HAMMOND RESIDENCE. 

A two-story frame house, No. 217 South Third 
Street, west side, third house above Myrtle, built by 
James Irwin, a Carpenter, in 1815, who sold it to 
Col. Saml. Hammond in 1818, who occupied it for 
some years, succeeded by other first-class families, it 
being not only a genteel but fashionable locality for 
many years. 

In this house in 1827 Col. John O' Fallon was 
married to his second lady, Miss Caroline Sheets. 



THE OLD EIDDIOK MANSION (bRIOk). 

K'os. 617 and 619, west side of South 4th, oppo- 
site Plum Street, built by Col. Thomas F. Riddick 
for his residence in 1818, then in the country. 
House 36 feet front by 18 deep, two rooms above 
and two below, the window glass below 13 by 18 
inches, sent for to Pittsburg, extra large size. 

At that day there was no Fourth Street south of 
Elm, all being enclosed, the house was approached 
from the east by the road, now Plum Street, and 
was for years the southwest house of the then vil- 
lage, the surroundings originally several feet higher 
were cut down in grading the streets. 

This old house had a noted history — for some 



WM. BENNETT'S MANSION HOUSE HOTEL. 397 

years it was the residence of Col. Riddick. It was 
then opened in the summer of 1823 by Blanchard 
and Storrs as a public resort, called the Vaux Hall 
Garden, subsequently occupied by Major Faysseau, 
U. S. Quarter Master, and finally by Judge Luke 
E. Lawless, who died in it. This locality was a 
very fashionable quarter. 



WILLI A.M DEAKERS, 

A stone mason, built in 1819-20, in a deep sink 
hole at the northeast corner of Elm and Sixth, a 
two-story stone dwelling, in which he died in 1820. 
In raising the street to its present grade, it left but 
the upper story above the street level, at this day 
occupied as a saloon. 



WM. Bennett's mansion house hotel. 

Built in 1816 by Gen'l Wm. Rector, U. S. Sur- 
veyor General for Illinois and Missouri, for his office 
and residence, at the northeast corner of 3d and 
Vine. Enlarged by him early in 1819 for WilUam 
Bennett's Hotel, who opened the house in the summer 
of 1819, and it was occupied as such for many years, 
during which it has been the scene of many interest- 
ing and note-worthy incidents, sufficient in them- 
selves to fill a large volume. 

Old Manager Samuel Drake's Theatrical Company 
from Cincinnati and Louisville, on its first visit to 
St. Louis in the winter of 1819-20, performed in the 
large dining room of this hotel. 



398 APPENDIX. 

The Convention that framed the Constitution of 
the State of Missouri, held its sittings in June, 1820, 
in the same long dining room, and it was for many- 
years our principal ball room. 

This building was removed a few years since, to 
make way for the large business house now occupy- 
ing its site. 

MAJOR WM. Christy's 

Old stone residence in ISTorth St. Louis, erected 
for him in 1818. This house, then two miles out 
in the country, stands at present at the northwest 
corner of Monroe and Second Streets, then not far 
from the river bank. 

Here the Major and his family lived for many 
years, he dying in it in April, 1837, and his widow 
continuing to occupy it for a number of years after- 
wards. It was a fine house in its day, but has long 
since been converted into a manufactory. 

During its long occupancy by this noted family of 
the olden days, it was much frequented by the elite 
of St. Louis society, several of the daughters and 
family connections were married in it, and it was 
frequently the scene of much gayety and festivity. 



HENRY Gratiot's 

Old farm house, built by him about the year 
1810, the first house built on the " Gratiot League 
Square," and one of the earliest near the village, 
where he lived for a number of years after his 



JOHN P. CABANNE'S. 399 

marriage in 1813. A weather boarded log house 
1 1-2 stories high, 50 feet long, by 16 deep, on a 
stone foundation about 4 feet high, with a stone 
chimney at each end. Three doors on the east 
front, one to each room, with a shed over the 
, steps to each, in place of the gallery which originally 
extended along the whole front of 50 feet ; the rear 
gallery still remains in a dilapidated condition. 

It stands on high ground overlooking the country 
in each direction, about three-eighths of a mile west 
of the King's Highway, which is the east line of the 
" Gratiot League Square," and 150 yards north of 
Pattison Avenue which leads to it. 

A deep well of water stands about 50 yards north- 
east of the house. A part of the stone founda- 
tions of Gratiot's old mill, are still to be seen, 
(1881) a short distance north of the house, on the 
slope of the hill which descends to the river Des 
Peres, and the ruins of the old stone spring-house, 
in a hollow about 200 yards east, as also a num- 
ber of old dead apple-trees in the orchard. 

The builder of this house died at Barnum's 
Hotel, Baltimore, in April, 1835. 



,TOHK p. OABAISTNTS'S 



Brick country residence on the King's Highway, 
in survey IS'o. 3052. Situated now (1881) just 
opposite the west end of a proposed new wide road 
from Yandeventer Avenue to Forest Park, to be 
called "Forest Park Boulevard." It is 140 yards 



400 APPENDIX. 

south of the west end of Laclede Avenue, and 165 
yards north of the angle in the front line of 
King's Highway. 

In the year 1819-20, Mr. Cabanne, who had 
resided with his young family in the town during 
the twenty years he had been engaged in mer- 
chandising, being about to relinquish that branch 
of his business, and devote his whole attention to 
the fur business exclusively, which would necessi-' 
tate his absence from home the most of his time, 
built for his family (eight children, the oldest not 
yet fifteen) a residence in the country immediately 
west of the center of our town, on the eastern 
line of the above tract, IS^o. 3052, the King's 
Highway (now the eastern front line of Forest 
Park) a brick residence, where the family resided 
some twelve or fifteen years, until 1833, when Mr. 
Cabanne built his city residence at ISTo. 28 Vine 
Street, in which house he died on Sunday, June 
27, 1841, aged about 68 years. 

This old "Cabanne Mansion" was the first 
brick house built in the country outside of the old 
town, consequently the "Pioneer Brick." It was 
known to almost the whole population of the 
county far and wide, and with its quaint old wind 
mill and out houses could be seen from a long 
distance from all directions except the west, where 
the primeval forest hid it from view. 

Occupied by that family, father and son, for near 
half a century, noted for their hospitality and gen- 
erous mode of living, it had been the scene of many 
a gay and joyous occasion. 



JOHN P. CABANNE'S. 401 

In it two of the daughters of the houise had 
entered the marriage state ; Adelle, the eldest daugh- 
ter, to Jno. B. Sarpy, in 1820, the first year of its 
occupancy, and Juha, in 1830, to Lieut. Jas. W- 
Kingsbury, U. S. Army. The third daughter, 
Louisa, was also united to an officer of the Army, 
Lieut. Albert G. Edwards, at present our Sub- 
Treasurer at St. Louis, although not at this, but at 
their city residence, JSTo. 28 Vine Street. 

After Mr. Cabanne, Sr., had removed to the city, 
he conveyed to his eldest son, John Charles, a large 
portion of this land from the south end including 
the Mansion, etc., who made it his residence until 
the year 1850, in which year he sold it to Alban H. 
Glasby, of Gaty, McCane and Glasby, who also 
lived on the place for some years, and there laid out 
his Town of Hockessin in 1854, and resold to Mr. 
Chas. Cabanne the Homestead and adjacent im- 
provements with a few acres of land. 

This old land-mark, true, by no means an impos- 
ing structure, but simply an unpretentious country 
mansion, yet, from its quaint style of architecture 
and well preserved condition so far from being an 
eye-sore, suggesting its removal, was an ornament 
to the spot, and with very little labor and expense in 
improving the surroundings, could easily have been 
made an attractive spot and an object of historical 
interest. 

To sum up all, there was every reason in the 
world why this old land-mark should have been pre- 
served, and none whatever for its unjustifiable 

26 



402 APPENDIX. 

destruction, it can only be partially excused by the 
supposition that the party who caused its removal 
was totally ignorant of its early history — and the 
writer of this feels almost persuaded that had the 
Superintendent of the Park been anyway posted 
in regard to its early history and associations, he 
would not have allowed its removal. 



GOVEKlSrOK BEJiTJAMIN HOWARD, 

Menlber of Congress from the Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, district, was nominated by President James 
Madison, April 17, 1810, for Governor of Upper 
Xiouisiana to succeed M. Lewis deceased. 
1810 Sep. 17. He arrived in St. Louis, and assumed 

the duties of the office. 
" Oct. 31. He appointed Thomas T. Crittenden 

of Ste. Genevieve, Attorney General of the 

Territory . 

1811. Renewed the commission of Frederick Bates, 
as Secretary of the Territory for four years. 

" Peby. 14. He was married in Loudon County, 
Virginia, to Miss Mary T. Mason, daughter of 
S. T. Mason, dec'd. 

" On Monday Deer. 2nd, Governor Howard 
and lady arrived in St. Louis. 

1812. Gov'r Howard's proclamation dividing the 
Territory into five counties, St. Charles, St. 
Louis, Ste. Genevieve, Cape Girardeau, and 
ISTew Madrid. 

'' Appointed by President Madison, a Brigadier 
General, in the U. S. Army. 



GOV. BENJAMIN HOWARD. 403 

1812 llTov'r. 28. A dinner was given him by a large 
number of citizens of St. Louis, as a mark of 
their appreciation of his measures for the 
defence of the Territory. 

1813 March 21. Death at Lexington, Kentucky, of 
Mrs. Howard, wife of Gren'l Benjamin Howard 
U. S. Army. 

^' Sept. 8. Being about to set out on an ex- 
pedition against the Indians of Ilhnois, he 
executed his will at Portage des Sioux, nam- 
ing his nephew Benj. Howard Payne of Lex- 
ington, Kentucky, as the heir of his estate.* 

'" Sept. 10. He set out from Portage with 
1400 men on his expedition. 

1814 Sept. 18. Death at St. Louis of Genl. Benj. 
Howard U. S. Army, late Governor of the 
Territory. 

After Christy's addition of l^orth St. Louis was 
laid out in 1817 the remains of General Howard 
were removed to the Protestant Cemetery in the 
north circle, now Grace Church, and covered with a 
stone slab. 

General Howard left no children, a sister was the 
wife of Edward C. Payne, Sr., of Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, they had six sons, and the eldest Benj. 
Howard Payne, the sole heir of his uncle, after 
whom he was named, died unmarried in 1821, leav- 
ing five brothers, of whom the fourth, Thos. Jef. 
Payne, acquired the interest of the others, and came 
to St. Louis about the year 1828. After a residence 



* The will recorded at Lexington, Kentucky. 



404 APPENDIX. 

of about forty years in Missouri, the latter part of 
this period in St. Charles County, he died in St, 
Louis in 1867, and is interred in Bellefontaine Ceme- 
tery. 

Mr. Thos. J. Payne had acquired from various 
parties, the large body of land lying between Grand 
Avenue and the King's highway, now embracing 
Shaw's Botanical Garden, Tower Grove Park, etc., 
which he was the first to improve and put in cultiva- 
tion, and on which he lived for a number of years, 
previous to disposing of it to Mr. Henry Shaw. 



JUDGE HUGH HENET BEACKEISTRIDGE , 

was born in Scotland in the year 1750. 

In 1755 hie father, a farmer and poor, came over 
to America, and settled in York County, Penn- 
sylvania. 

With a few old books, then scarce, and a little 
teaching he pursued his studies, and at 18 years of 
age, he succeeded in getting into Princeton Col- 
lege, where he taught two classes for his support. 
Then took charge of an Academy in Maryland. In 
1777 he joined the Army, crossed the mountains to 
Pittsburgh in 1781, read law with Judge Chase, and 
in 1788 was at the head of the Pittsburgh bar, and 
afterwards elected to the Legislature. 

On the election of Governor McKean, 1800-01, 
he appointed him a Judge of the Supreme Court of 
the State, which he fiUec until his death in 1816, at 
66 years of age, universally respected for his integ- 
rity and talents. 



HENRY M. BRACKENRIDGE. 405 

Alleghany County was organized from Westmore- 
land and Washington, in September, 1788, it in- 
cluded all the country in Pennsylvania, north of the 
Ohio, and west of the Alleghany, out of which was 
formed in 1800, the counties of Beaver, Butler, 
Mercer, etc. 

PITTSBURGH, 

was Fort Pitt until 1784, when the Town was laid 
out and surveyed. Town incorporated in 1794, the 
year of the Whisky Insurrection, and the City in 
1816. 

ALBERT GALLATESr'S PLACE 

was JSTew Geneva, Payette County, on the Monon- 
gahela. 

He was in Congress from 1795 to 1801, six years, 
and appointed Secretary of the Treasury by Jeffer- 
son in 1801, and was succeeded in Congress by J. 
B. C. Lucas in 1801 and 1803. 

HENRY M. BEACKElSrEIDGE, ESQ., 

was born in Pittsburg, then called Fort Pitt, in 
1786. 

His father. Judge Hugh H. Brackenridge, author 
of several works, was an eminent Lawyer, his 
mother died when Henry was an infant of eighteen 
months of age. In 1791, when he was five years 
old, his father married again, the daughter of a 
German farmer and Justice of the Peace near 
Pittsburgh. 

In 1792 or 93, when about six years of age, his 



406 APPENDIX. 

father sent him to Louisiana, under the care of John 
B. C. Lucas, a friend of his father, then at Pitts- 
burgh, who occasionally traded to Louisiana, to be 
placed in some French f arnily where he might learn 
the French language. He left him for a short time 
in ]S^ew Madrid, then came by land to Ste. Gene- 
vieve, Henry riding a pony. Here he left him with 
old Mr. Beauvais, in whose family Henry passed 
over two years, treated like one of the children, he 
became a complete French boy, and almost forgot 
his English language. 

In 1794-5 Lucas came for him, took him up the 
Ohio in a canoe, and left him with Doct. Saugrain 
in Galliopolis, Ohio, he was then between 8 and 9 
years old; 'he stayed in Doct. Saugrain' s family 
about one year. 

In 1795-6, General Wilkinson passing up the Ohio 
river with his family, at the request of young Brack- 
enridge's father, took him home in his own boat, to 
Pittsburgh, he being then in his tenth year. 

Here he remained at home with his step-mother, 
who was very kind to him, for about three years, 
taking lessons from his father at home until he was 
thirteen years old. 

In 1799 he went to the Town Academy for the 
next two years, until 1801, when fifteen years old; 
in 1803 commenced the study of Law in his father's 
office, at 17 years, and then went to Jefferson Col- 
lege, Philadelphia, for six months, boarding at Mrs. 
Earl's with several young men attending the 
college. 



HENKY M. BRACKENRIDGE. 407 

In 1805-6 he was admitted to the bar, about 
twenty years of age. After trying for a time 
Baltimore, Bedford, Somerset, etc., he finally left 
Pittsburgh for St. Louis in April, 1810, and arrived 
at I^ew Madrid in May, and went by land to 
Ste. Grenevieve. 

He became acquainted with Messrs. Bradbury 
and I^uttal, two English naturalists. Traveled 
over much of the 'New Louisiana Territory, 
ascended the Missouri River to Fort Mandan, 
1700 miles, and wrote those essays for the Repub- 
lican in 1810. In November he left for IS^ew 
Orleans, where he arrived about the first of 
January, 1811. 

He spent two years in traveling over the new 
States, part of the time as Deputy Attorney (gen- 
eral, and part of the time as a District Judge. His 
health becoming somewhat impaired, he resigned 
and went north again in 1812-13. 

He was in Baltimore in June 1816 and 17, en- 
gaged in the publication of some of his works. In 
1817-18 he made a voyage to South America by 
order of the American government, in the U. S. 
Frigate Congress, visiting Cuba and Mexico. 

He came again to St. Louis about 1820 and was 
here for several years at the time and after we 
became a State. 

He was a great friend of Pres't Jackson, 
who appointed him U. S. Judge for the Dis- 
trict of Florida. Subsequently he settled himself 
on a seat named Tarentum, on the Alleghany 



408 APPENDIX. 

river, 21 miles above Pittsburgh. Here he ended 
his days, after serving his constituents in the lower 
house of Congress. 



THE EOOK SPRISrU, WEST ST. LOUIS. 

Three miles from the Mississippi River, at the 
western end of Laclede Avenue, a prolongation of 
Market Street, a little northwest of the Rock Spring 
addition, and just east of the old Rock Spring 
Catholic Cemetery, a large spring gushes out from 
beneath the rocks, which underlie the rising ground 
to the west. 

This is the well-known "Rock Spring" of the 
early days of St. Louis, which in the olden time 
when far out in the country removed from the 
Town, was celebrated for the beauty of its surround- 
ings, and was for some years the most attractive 
resort in our neighborhood, when beautifully shaded 
by large native forest trees, and the scene of many 
gay and happy occasions of the young people of the 
day. 

This Spring was the principal source of the little 
stream called in the French days of St. Louis, 
" la petite riviere,'''' and which after meandering 
through the valley of the Cul de Sac in a direction 
a little south of east, fed by a few other smaller 
ones, entered the Mississippi just below the gas 
works at the foot of Convent Street. 

This little stream, which in the early, days of the 
village was clear and limpid furnishing the largest 



COL. BENTON AND ANDREW JACKSON. 409 

portion of the water that then formed the beautiful 
lake, known in its day as "Chouteau's pond," no 
longer exists, its bed being superseded by the great 
Mill Creek sewer, now completed from the river to 
beyond Grand Avenue, to be continued eventually 
to its source. 



COL. THOS. H. BENTON AISTD ANDREW JACKSON. 

"Feanklin, Tennessee, Sept. 10, 1813. 

" A difference which had been for some months 
' brewing between General Jackson and myself, 
' produced on Saturday, the 4th inst., in the Town 
' of Nashville, the most outrageous affray ever wit- 
' nessed in a civilized country. 

" In communicating this affair to my friends and 
' fellow- citizens, I limit myself to the statement of 
' a few leading facts, the truth of which I am ready 
' to establish by judicial proofs. 

" 1st. That myself and my brother, Jesse Benton, 
' arriving in ISTashville on the morning of the affray, 
' and knowing of Genl. Jackson's threats, went 
' and took our lodgings in a different house from 
' the one in which he stayed, on purpose to avoid 
' him. 

" 2nd. That the General and some, of his friends 
' came to the house where we had put up, and com- 
' menced the attack by levelling a pistol at me, 
' when I had no weapon drawn, and advancing 
' upon me at a quick pace, without giving me time 
' to draw one. 

'^ 3rd. That seeing this, my brother fired upon 



410 APPENDIX. 

General Jackson, when he had got within eight or 
ten feet of me. 

'•'• 4:th. That four other pistols were fired in quick 
succession, one by General Jackson at me, two by 
me at the General, and one by Col. Coffee at me. 
In the course of this firing General Jackson was 
brought to the ground, but I received no hurt. 
" 5tTi. That daggers were then drawn. Col. 
Coffee and Mr. Alexander Donaldson made at me 
and gave me five slight wounds. Captain Ham- 
mond and Mr. Stockley Hays engaged my brother, 
who being still weak from the effects of a severe 
wound he had lately received in a duel, was not 
able to resist two men. They got him down, and 
while Capt. Hammond beat him on the head to 
make him lay still, Mr. Hays attempted to stab 
him, and wounded him in both arms as he lay ou 
his back parrying the thrusts with his naked 
hands. From this situation a generous-hearted 
citizen of Nashville, Mr. Sumner, relieved him. 
Before he came to the ground, my brother clapped 
a pistol to the breast of Mr. Hays to blow him 
through, but it missed fire. 

" 6th. My own and my brother's pistols carried 
two balls each; for it was our intention, if driven 
to our arms, to have no child's play. The pistols 
fired at me were so near, that the blaze of the 
muzzle of one of them burnt the sleeve of my 
coat, and the other aimed at my head at little 
more than arm's length from it. 
" 7th. Capt. Carroll was to have taken part in 



DANIEL BOONE. 411 

"the affray, but was absent by the permission of 
" General Jackson, as he has since proved by the 
" General's certificate — a certificate which reflects 
" I know not whether less honor upon the General 
" or upon the Captain. 

" StJi. That this attack was made upon me in the 
" house where the Judge of the Disti'ict, Mr. 
" Searcy, had his lodgings ! So little are the laws 
"and its ministers respected! Nor has the civil 
"authority yet taken cognizance of this horrible 
" outrage. 

' ' These facts are sufficient to fix the public 
"opinion. For my own part I think it scandal- 
" ous that such things should take place at 
"any time, but particularly so at the present 
' ' mornent, when the public service requires the aid 
"of all its citizens. As for the name of courage, 
' ' God forbid that I should ever attempt to gain 
"it by becoming a bully. 

"Those who know me know full well that I 
"would give a thousand times more for the reput- 
"ation of Croghan in defending his post, than I 
"would for the reputation of all the duehsts 
"and gladiators that ever appeared on the face 
" of the earth. ,, Thomas Habt Benton, 

" Lieut. Col. 39th 'Infantry.'' 
• 

DANIEL BOONE — THE LATTER TEARS OF HIS LIFE, 
BY REV'd 'JNO. M. PEOE. 

Daniel Boone born in Exeter Township, Philadel- 
phia County,* Penn'a, in February, 1735, removed 

* Afterwards in 1752 forming part of Berks County. 



412 APPENDIX. 

to North Carolina in 1759 when 24 years old, then 
to Kentucky in 1774 at the age of 39, thence to 
Upper Louisiana in 1797, when 62 years of age, 
where he died on Sept. 26, 1820, immediately after 
the organization of our State of Missouri, in his 
eighty-sixth year. 

Many Kentuckians came to St. Louis between the 
years 1794 and 1803. Boone, in a manner having 
been despoiled of his successive homes in Virginia 
and Kentucky by the grasping disposition of man- 
kind, and his own neglect to perfect his titles to the 
improvements he had made, and being somewhat 
disgusted with the cupidity of his fellowmen, 
resolved, in his old agej to remove west of the 
Mississippi, where his oldest living son, Dan'l M. 
had established himself the year previously at 
Femme Osage in the District of St. Charles, about 
45 miles west of St. Louis. So in 1797, upon the 
invitation of Lieut. Gov. Trudeau, who had prom- 
ised him a grant of land, he came to St. Louis 
where he was welcomed bv Grov'r Trudeau to Upper 
Louisiana, and went to reside with his son Dan'l 
M. at the village of Charette. 

1798, Jan'y 24. Gov'r T. made him a grant of 
1000 arpents of land in Femme Osage District; 
which was .surveyed for him Jan'y 9, 1800. He 
was appointed by Gov'r JDelassus July 11, 1800, 
Syndic (Civil magistrate) and commandant of that 
settlement of Femme Osage, which office he held 
at the date of the transfer to the U. S. March 10, 
1804, and was glad to relinquish when the new 



C. HARDING AND J. J. DOTJBERMAN. 413 

U. S. government was set in operation by Gen'l 
Harrison in October of that year, he then verg- 
ing on 70 years and much broken by a hfe of 
privation and exposure. 

In 1804 he removed to his youngest son's 
N"athan, with whom he resided until 1810, and 
then to his Son in Law's Flanders Calloway at the 
village of Charette some miles further west. 

His wife Mrs. B. whom he had married in Penn'a 
when both were young, died in 1813 at the age of 
76 years, after which he broke down rapidly. He 
was visited in 1818 by the Eev'd Mr. John M. 
Peck, at his Son in Law's house at Charette. 

His portrait was taken in the summer of 1820, by 
Chester Harding, who went from St. Louis ex- 
pressly for the purpose, the Rev'd J. E. Welch 
supporting him. 

He died a couple of months after this, on the 
26th Sept., 1820, at the residence of his youngest 
Son Major ISTathan Boone, near St. Charles, in the 
86th year of his age. 

Boone was a rnan of 5 feet 10 inches in height 
and spare, his two oldest sons James and Israel had 
been killed by Indians — he left 3 sons, Dan'l 
Morgan, Jesse and Il^athan — four daughters, Mrs. 
Callaway and three others. 



CHESTER HARDING AJSTD JOHN J. DOUBEEMAN. 

In the year 1820 there came to our Town of St. 
Louis, Chester Harding from Kentucky an embryo 
portrait painter. He had been originally a house 



414 APPENDIX. 

and sign painter, with a natural talent for painting 
fancy picture signs, in imitation of the then famous 
Woodside of Philadelphia. He remained with us 
for some time, during which he took the portraits 
of exceeding an hundred persons more or less prom- 
inent in our community, historically and iu private 
life, amongst them that of Col. Dan'l Boone, then 
on his last bed, a few months prior to his death in 
1820, at the residence of his son Kathan Boone in 
St. Charles County. 

Leaving here he painted at the east for some 
years, acquiring money and reputation in his pro- 
fession, went to Europe, studied the great masters 
in Rome and Florence, then lived for some years in 
London, with the reputation of an artist, acquired 
wealth at 25 guineas a portrait ; finally returned to 
the United States, and made his home at Boston, 
where he ended his days not many years back, in 
the enjoyment of an ample competence. One of 
his daughters, the widow of the late Judge John 
M. Krum, one of our former City Mayors, deceased 
but a few months back, has resided here for forty- 
five years. 

Chester Harding during his sojourn with us in 
1820-21 associated with him as an assistant in his 
studio, a young man, John J. Douberman, from 
Philadelphia, who had served his time with Reuben 
Mears, a fancy chair-painter of that City. This D. 
was qiiite an artist in that line of painting, with a 
happy faculty for catching the likeness of persons, 
even more so than Harding himself, under whose 



ROBERT A. BARNES. 415 

instructions he soon became an expert portrait 
painter, although not up to Harding in his coloring, 
in which particular H. excelled. Harding would 
touch up the first attempts of Douberman, and had 
he remained longer with us, this young man might 
have risen to become his equal in that profession. 
He died in St. Louis about the year 1830. 



EGBERT A. BARNES, 

was born in Washington City, Dist. of Columbia, 
Novr. 29, 1808. His ancestors came from ISTorfolk 
County, England, in 1662, and settled in Charles 
County, Maryland, near Port Tobacco on the 
Potomac. 

He came out west to Louisville in 1822, and to 
St. Louis in 1830, and established himself in 
business, which he carried on successfully for 
many years. 

In January, 1845, Mr. Barnes was married to 
Miss Louise, third daughter of the late Julius 
Demun, Esq. 

He was for over twenty years a Director and 
President of the old State Bank of Missouri, char- 
tered in 1837. 

Having acquired considerable property, Mr. B. 
retired from active pursuits some years back, with 
an ample fortune. 

He is now in his eighty-first year, living alone 
with his wife, they having no children. 



416 APPENDIX. 

THE MOST KEV'd ARCHBISHOP, LOUIS WM. V. 

DUBOIIRG, 

was born at Cape Francois, San Domingo, Feb'y 
14, 1766, and educated in France, and studied 
Theology at the Seminary of St. Sulpice. 

The Revolution drove him from France in 1792, 
and he fled to Spain, whence he went to Baltimore 
in the U. S., where he arrived in December, 1794. 

In 1795 he became a priest of St. Sulpice, and 'in 
1796 President of St. Mary's Ecclesiastical Semi- 
nary, Baltimore, which in January, 1805, he raised 
to the rank of a University. 

In 1809 he established the Sisters of Charity 
in Baltimore, and in 1811 founded what is still the 
mother house of the order for the United States 
at Emmetsburg, Maryland. 

In October, 1812, he was appointed Apostolic 
administrator of the Territory of Louisiana, and 
arrived in New Orleans at the close of the year. In 
1815 he went to Home, and was there consecrated 
Bishop of Upper and Lower Louisiana on Sept. 
24, 1815. On his return he brought with him five 
priests and twenty-six young men Lazarists. He 
arrived in the United States Sept. 14, 1817, and 
proceeded to St. Thomas' Seminary at Bardstown, 
Kentucky. He reached Ste. Genevieve Deer. 27, 
1817, accompanied by Bishop Flaget, to select the 
site for the Bishop's Episcopal residence and 
Seminary, and on January 5, 1818, the two Bishops 
reached St. Louis. 



ARCHBISHOP DUBOURG. 417 

Here he established his Episcopal residence, and 
continued until 1824. On March 25th he conse- 
erated Father Rosatti Coadjutor Bishop of St. 
Louis, and then went to New Orleans to reside. 

In 1815 Bishop Dubourg had founded the Society 
for the " Propagation of the Faith," and in 1818 
St. Mary's College and Seminary at the Barrens in 
Perry County. While in Europe in 1817, he had 
applied to the Superior General of the Order of the 
Sacred Heart, for a colony of Ladies to establish a 
house of the order in St. Louis. In August, 1818, 
the Ladies of the order arrived, also Sisters of 
Loretto, and organized their schools at Florisant. 

In 1820 the College of St. Louis attached to 
the Cathedral was established. He also established 
Missionary Schools among the Indians. 

In June, 1826, Bishop Dubourg left IsTew Orleans 
for Montauban in the South of France, to which 
See he had been appointed Bishop, and in February, 
1833, he was made Archbishop of Besancon, in 
Franche Comte. 

He died in Deer., 1833, aged near 68 years. His 
will, executed Deer. 5, 1833, at Besancon, is 
recorded here, as he held property which he gave to 
the Church. He was a liberal tolerant gentleman, of 
expanded views, and of untiring zeal and energy. 

In 1818 there were seven Chapels and but four 
Priests or Curates in Upper Louisiana. The 
Chapels were St. Louis, Ste. Genevieve, Florisant, 
and IS'ew Madrid, on this side of theEiver, and 
Cahokia, Kaskaskia and Prairie du Eocher in 
Illinois. 

27 



418 APPENDIX. 

Fathers Mel, Pratte, Saulnier, Dahmen, De- 
Andreis, Cellini, Eosatti, DelSTeckere, Acqueroni, 
Ferrari, Tichitoli, Days and Jean-Jean officiated 
at the Cathedral in St. Louis during Bishop 
Dubourg's time. Father DeAndreis was Vicar 
General and died in 1820. Father DeNeckere 
became Bishop of JSTew Orleans, and died of yel- 
low fever in 1833. 

Revd. Joseph Rosatti was consecrated Bishop of 
Tenagre and Coadjutor Mar. 25, 1824, and was 
transferred to St. Louis March 27, 1827. 



THE OLD BRICK OATHKDEAL OF 1820. 

The corner-fltone of the first brick church was 
laid by E. Revd. Bishop Dubourg on March 29, 
1818, and was inaugurated on Sunday, January 
9th, 1820, (Epiphany falling on Thursday, Jany. 6,) 
by the Right Revd. Bishop, who preached on the 
occasion in French and English. It was com- 
menced when everything looked bright and aus- 
picious for the future, business brisk, and money, 
such as it was, in abundance. 

The Commissioners of the Congregation selected 
to carry on the work, were August and Pierre 
Chouteau, Srs., Bernard Pratte and others. By 
the time the building was covered in, late in 1819, 
a revulsion in business had occurred, money had 
become scarce, the 50 Independent Banks of Ken- 
tucky and other kindred institutions in the West, 
Ohio, Indiana, Tennessee, etc., that had furnished 
nearly all of our circulating medium, to use an 
expression of the day, had all "busted up.^^ The 



THE OLD BRICK CATHEDRAL. 419 

building was never finished interiorly, and our com- 
missioners, who had made themselves personally 
liable, were compelled to apply to the State 
authorities for rehef in the premises, or foot the 
bills out of their own pockets. 

Accordingly upon the application of the three 
above named gentlemen, 

"An Act of the Legislature," for the relief of 
" Auguste Chouteau and others, commissioners of 
"the Eoman Catholic Church, approved Deer. 17, 
" 1822," authorized them to sell at public sale by the 
Sheriff, so much of the Church Block in "St. 
" Louis, as was not used for Church and Cemetery 
"purposes, as would be necessary to indemnify 
" them for the amount they had advanced and had 
* ' become responsible for in the erection of the 
"Brick Church to the extent of $4,500." 

Accordingly, at the request in writing of the said 
commissioners, Auguste Chouteau, Pierre Chouteau 
and Bernard Pratte, Sheriff John K. Walker sold 
at public sale, Sept. 16, 1823, the south part of 
the Block, being the Walnut Street front, as per 
plat of division, made by the parties interested.* 

Lot No. 1, 97 by 131 feet, with barn, 

stable, etc., for $301 

Lot 1^0. 2, 75 by 131 feet, with the orchard. 201 

Lot INTo. 3, 70 by 150 feet, with the Pres- 
bytery, kitchen and new brick house . . 501 

Lot l^o. 4, 48 by 180 feet, with the College. 201 

Total $1,204 



' Recorded in Book M, page 48. 



420 APPENDIX. 

Father Niel, the President of the College, was 
the purchaser, and on May 25, 1824, conveyed to 
the three above named parties the same, except 
the College building, which he reserved with three 
feet of ground around the same.* 

Bernard Pratte, Auguste Chouteau and Pierre 
Chouteau re-conveyed to Bishop Joseph Rosatti, 
July 1, 1828, for $4,748.28 with 6 per cent, 
interest, the foregoing Church property .f 

The old brick Church continued to be occupied as 
such, until the completion of the new Stone one on 
the Walnut Street front of the Block, which was 
opened for divine service in October, 1834, when the 
old one was abandoned to the lessees of the ground 
on which it stood. ' It was then used as a warehouse 
for the next six months until it was destroyed by 
fire, on the night of April 6, 1835. 



THE OLD BEIOK COLLEGE ON SECOND STREET. 

After the R. Rev'd Bishop Dubourg had laid the 
corner stone of the first Brick Church in 1818, and 
during the progress of its erection, he, assisted by 
his Yicar the Rev'd Francis JS'iel and other Catho- 
lics, took the incipient steps to establish a College, 
on a small scale at first, suitable to the times and 
circumstances, to be extended at a future period, as 
might be found expedient or necessary. 

With that view, and to aid the undertaking, the 



* Book M, 50. 
t Book 0, 339. 



THE OLD BRICK COLLEGE. 421 

following document was drawn up, and received the 
approval and signature of all the Catholic house- 
holders of St. Louis, including a few, who not 
themselves " Catholics," were allied to Catholic 
families. 

We the undersigned, inhabitants and property 
holders of the Town and parish of St. Louis, 
Territory of Missouri, members of the Roman 
Catholic religion, being informed that the Reverend 
Francis Kiel, Vicar of this parish, by the authority 
of the right Rev'd Bishop Guillaume Dubourg, has 
undertaken to erect at his own cost, on a lot form- 
ing a part of the yard of the Presbytery, a house 
to be used for lodging the Clergy of our Church, 
and the keeping of a school for the education of 
youth; considering the various useful purposes of 
this enterprise, and desiring to protect it from all 
claims or molestation on the part of persons badly 
informed, or badly disposed, as far as necessary, we 
hereby express our entire approbation of the build- 
ing of such a house, and inasmuch as in our said 
capacities we might have a right to dispose of the 
lot forming part of the Presbytery, we warrant 
the free use thereof for the purpose hereinabove 
mentioned to the clergy of our communion by 
the authority of our Bishop. 

Made and executed at St. Louis, Territory of 
Missouri, the 30th October, 1819.* 

Auguste Chouteau. Antoine Chenie. 

Bernard Pratte. Jules Demun. 



* Book I, page 35. 



422 



APPENDIX. 



Jeremiah Connor. 
Victoire Gratiot. 
Cabanne. 

Silvestre Labbadie. 
Gregoire Sarpy. 
M. P. Leduc. 
Silvestre Y. Papin. 
Hypolite Papin. 
Charles Bosseron. 
Rene Paul. 
Pierre Chouteau. 
Pierre Provenchere. 
L. L. Lemonde. 
Joseph Bissonnet. 
Gabriel Paul. 
Thomas Brady. 
John Braud. 
Michael Tesson. 
Francis C. Tesson. 
Antoine Dangen. 
Pierre Didier. 
Joseph Bouju. 
Peter Primm. 
"Veuve Pescay. 
Landreville. 
Veuve Vincent Bouis. 
John B. D. Belcour. 
Hubert Guion. 
Francois Robidoux. 
Joseph Robidoux. 
Joseph X Salois. 



Vincent Guion. 
Charles Billon. 
Joseph Charless. 
Philip Eocheblave. 
Manuel Alva^rez. 
Veuve Eug'e Alvarez. 
Hyacinth Eenard. 
Mel'e A. St. Cyr. 
C. De Hodiamont. 
John Bap. Bouvet. 
Joseph Labbadie. 
Joseph X Lacroix. 
Jno. B. X Molaire. 
Francois Derouin. 
Jno. B. X Dumoulin. 
Louis Brazeau. 
Joseph X Philibert. 
Joseph Vasquez. 
Antoine Vasquez. 
Pierre X Sabourin. 
Jean Louis X Provenche. 
Hyacinthe X Lecompt. 
Louis Tesson Honore. 
Veuve X Ortes. 
Veuve X Marli. 
Pierre X Duchouquette. 
Alexandre Bellisime. 
Francois Valois. 
Batiste X Duchouquete. 
Pierre X Barribeau. 
Auguste X Alvarez. 



THE OLD BRICK COLLEGE. 



423 



Louis X Desire. 
Pierre X Grueret. 
Alexis X Lalande, 
Michel X Bertrand. 
Auguste X Guibor. 
Antoine x Crevier. 
Yeuve Benito x Yasquez 
Antoine x Rencontre. 
Jno. Bap. X Gagnon. 
Laurent X Lanodiere. 
Francois Lebeau. 
Charles Le Guerrier. 
Antoine x Dutremble. 
David Monestes. 
Felix X Fontaine. 
David De Launay. 
Joseph X Montague. 
Paul X Primo. 
Paul X Desjardine. 
"Vincent X Guitarre. 
Louis X Guitarre. 
Jean x Latresse. 
Joseph X Jovial. 
Francois X La Rivierre. 
Pierre x Belleville. 
Francois X Caillou. 
John B. Hortiz. 
Veuve Ant. X Morin. 
Francois x Bouche. 



Francois x Clement. 
Jno. B. Truteau. 
Joseph X Leblond. 
Henry Gratiot. 
Antoine x Bissonnet. 
John Little. 
.John B. Sarpy. 
Joseph X Leberge. 
Charles x Leberge. 
Francois x Fouche. 
Venve x Simoneau. 
Barthtelemy >c Arnaud. 
Veuve Laquaisse. 
Joseph Papin. 
Veuve Dubreuil. 
Pierre x Detailly. 
Vital x Beaugenou. 
Lambert x Lajoie, Jr. 
Michel X Marly. 
Veuve X Charleville. 
Pierre Chouteau, Sr. 
Antoine Soulard. 
James G. Soulard. 
Chas. D. Delassus. 
Thomas McGuire. 
Louis De Thiers. 
Jno. B. Mathurin. 
Francois X Ride. 



424 APPENDIX. 

JEFFERSON BARRACKS. 
A BRIEI' SKETCH OP ITS EAKLT DAYS. 

The United States having selected the place for 
what was then contemplated to be the chief point 
for the concentration of the U. S. Military in the 
West, and having purchased the title to the land 
from the people of Carondelet. 

On Tuesday, July 4, 1826, Colonel Talbot Cham- 
bers with his four companies of the First Regiment 
U. S. Infantry, the last of the U. S. Military 
occupants of the old Post of Bellefontaine, estab- 
lished by General Wilkinson in 1807, abandoned 
the old place forever, and went down to the new 
site, then heavily timbered, where they pitched 
their tents, naming it " Cantonment Adams, ^'' after 
the then President of the United States, and com- 
menced the labor of clearing the land for the new 
Post. 

On the 17th September following they were 
joined by the 3rd Eegiment of Infantry, Col. 
Henry Leavenworth, from Green-Bay, who named 
their temporary encampment " Camp Miller,^'' after 
the then Governor of the State of Missouri, a 
former Colonel in the United States service. 

After the temporary log cabins for the men were 
completed and the whole force established in winter 
quarters about Christmas time, the place was very 
appropriately named ^'^ Jefferson Barracks,''^ in 
honor of the author of the declaration of our 
Independence, whose death had occurred on that 



JEFFERSON BARRACKS. 425 

same July 4, 1826, that the establishment had its 
birth. 

On the completion of their winter quarters and 
the garrison comfortably housed therein, the 
Officers gave the elite of St. Louis Society a fine 
ball in their temporary Mess-room, improvised for 
the occasion, which is thus noticed in the Missouri 
Hepublican of January 11th, 1827. 

"A splendid ball was given in honor of the 8th 
" January, to a large company of ladies and gen- 
" tlemen from the City, by the officers of the U. 
" S. Army stationed at the Military Post (Jeffer- 
" son Barracks), ten miles south of the city." 
In due time this was reciprocated, from the fol- 
lowing in the Hepublican of Thursday, Feb'y 8, 
1827. 

" COMMTJNIOATIOK. 

" In return for a like civility, and in testimony 
" of the high respect entertained for the gentleman- 
" like and military bearing of the Officers at 
" Jefferson Barracks, an entertainment was given 
" them by the citizens of St. Louis on "Wednesday, 
" the 31st January. 

" The large Indian Council-room (General 
" Clark's) was selected for the occasion and was 
" decorated in a style reflecting much credit on 
" those who superintended its arrangement. 

" The company assembled about 8 o'clock to the 
" number of 200. The beauty of the ladies was 
" heightened by a taste and elegance of costume, 
" and a grace in the dance, that might well draw an 



4:26 APPENDIX. 

' exclamation of surprise from those who judge of 
' us merely by the remoteness of our situation, the 
' gay uniforms of the gallant guests, the excellence 
' of the music, the brilliancy of the lights, the good 
' humor and politeness that everywhere prevailed, 
' formed a toute ensemble that would have done 
' honor to any City, and was a favorable evidence 
' of the advance of society west of the Missis- 
' sippi. 

" At half past one, the company sat down to one 
' of the most sumptuous suppers we have ever 
' seen. Every luxury that could be procured was 
' on the table^ and the ornaments were appropriate 
' and surmounted with mottoes complimentary to 
' the guests. 

" The repast being ended, a toast was announced 
' ' from the head of the table ; it was 

" The Army of the United States, 
" Glory to its Military capabilities, 
" Honor to its Civic Virtues. 

" The toast was received with enthusiasm, and 
" the company soon after adjourned to the Ball 
" room, where the dancing was kept up until the 
" approach of morning." 

1827. On the opening of navigation of the 
Missouri river in the spring, the force at the Bar- 
racks was considerably augmented by the arrival of 
the 6th Regiment U. S. Infantry, from Fort At- 
kinson, Council Bluffs, on the Missouri, which 
they had established in the year 1820, and where 



JEFFERSON BABEACKS. 427 

they had remained from that period until relieved 
this year, 1827. 

During this season a large force of Stone Masons, 
Carpenters and others, were busily engaged in 
erecting the permanent stone buildings of the 
Barracks for the Quarters of the Officers and men, 
clearing and preparing the Parade ground, out 
buildings, &c., &c., under the supervision of 
Brevet Brigadier General Atkinson, Senior Officer 
in command of the Post. 

From the JRepuiWcan, June 28, 1827. 

" Major General Jacob Brown, accompanied by 
" his Aid Lieut. Yinton, of the U. S. Artillery, 
"■ arrived at Jefferson Barracks on June 20, 1827, 
" on a tour of inspection of the Military posts of the 
" United States. 

" On the 22nd he reviewed the troops now there. 



" Of the 1st Reg't U. S. Infantry, six companies. 
" " 3rd " " " six " 

" " 6th " " " ten " 



Twenty-two " 

" On Saturday, the 23rd, accompanied by Gen- 
^' eral Atkinson, he visited the old Mihtai-y station 
" at Belief ontaine. 

" On Sunday, the 24:th, he attended Divine 
^' Service at the Presbyterian Church in St. Louis, 
^' on the occasion of Missouri Lodge ISTo. 1 Free 
" Masons, observing the Anniversary of St. John, 
^' the Baptist. 



428 APPENDIX. 

" On Monday, the 25th, a dinner was given him 
" by the Officers at the Barracks, and on Wednes- 
" day, the 27th, he left on the Steamer Herald for 
" Louisville, after a stay here of seven days." 

General Brown died in "Washington City on Sun- 
day, the 24th of February, 1828, just eight months 
from the day he attended the Masonic services at the 
Church in St. Louis on June 24, 1827. His funeral 
took place on Thursday, the 28th, to the Congres- 
sional Cemetery, attended by the largest concourse 
that had ever been seen there on a similar occasion, 
he pi'ocession being a mile and a half long. 

The Secretary of War, James Barbour, in a Gen- 
eral Order of Feb'y 28, 1828, " announces his' death 
" to the Army, and directs the Officers to wear the 
" usual badge of mourning, crape on the left arm 
" and on the hilt of the sword, for six months, and 
' ' guns to be fired at every Military Post at intervals 
" of thirty minutes from the rising to the setting of 
" the sun, and the IN^ational Flag to be suspended at 
" half ma,st." 

GENX,. HEITET ATKIKSOK, U. S. ARMY, 

died at Jefferson Barracks, June 14, 1842, and was 
buried there on June 16th. 

Owing to the disposition of the United States 
troops at that time, there were but few regular sol- 
diers then at the Barracks. The St. Louis Greys 
and Boone Infantry, two of our Volunteer Com- 
panies, formed the Military escort. They went down 
on the Steamer Lebanon, with a number of Ladies. 



FHED'C L. BILLON. 429 

^nd Gentlemen of the City, others went down by 
land. At 12 o'clock M. the procession moved from 
the General's residence on the river bank to the 
"Cemetery, where the last rites were performed by 
Eev'd Mr. Hedges, Episcopal Chaplain at the 
Barracks. 

jRepublican, June 17, 1842. 

GENIi. STEPHEN F. KEAENEY, 

-after his return from the Mexican "War, was in com- 
mand at the Barracks in Oct., 1848. He died in St • 
Louis on the 30th. 

His funeral, the largest and most imposing that 
rhad ever occurred in St. Louis to that time, took 
place on Thursday, I^ov'r 2nd, the Military escort 
-consisting of a Detachment of his Regiment, the first 
Dragoons mounted, and the 7th and 8th Regiments 
•of Regular Infantry from the Barracks, with the 
Volunteer Companies of St. Louis, the Greys, 
Puflileers, Yagers, Artillery and Dragoons, from 
■St. George's Episcopal Church, northwest corner of 
Locust and Seventh, Bishop Hawks officiating, to 
the Episcopal Cemetery, where the remains were 
"deposited. 



feed'c l. billon 



FROM J. THOS. SCHAEF'S ' ST. LOUIS.' 

" Frederic L. Billon has recorded the fact that he 
had no sooner arrived here in 1818 with his father 
i;ban he began to 'think of getting materials together 



430 APPENDIX. 

for a portrait of the picturesque old town, and he- 
has been employed upon that labor of love . ever 
since, giving to it all the antiquarian's patient 
research, until he is almost as familiar with the 
ancient population as he w^'S with his own contem- 
poraries, and far more so than with the present 
generation. We look upon Mr. Billon's work as 
almost unique of its kind, and it is so positively un- 
American. Who else in all this land has done or 
attempted to do such work except Peter Force, of 
Washington, D. C? It must be in his blood — the 
patient, careful ■ devotion to minute, microscopic- 
detail of the hereditary Swiss watchmaker — f or- 
while Mr. Billon's mother was French, and a refugee- 
from insurgent San Domingo, his father was Swiss, 
and a watchmaker, though born in Paris. 

" Mr. Billon was born in the city of Philadelphia,, 
at the southeast corner of Third and Chestnut: 
Streets, on Thursday, April 23, 1801. He lived in 
and about that locality, then the business center of" 
the city, for more than seventeen years. During 
his youth he went to school for some seven or eight 
years to Peter Widdows, an Irish gentleman of^ 
thorough education, a Free Quaker, who taught his- 
school in Church Alley, adjoining Christ's Episcopal 
Chui'ch, and just opposite to another School, under 
the charge of Talbot Hamilton, formerly of the 
British navy, who had served with Nelson in the 
Mediterranean. At that day there were but few 
schools in the large cities of the United States taught; 
by Americans, the popular belief then prevalent: 



FRED'C L. BILLON. 431 

among all classes being that thorough information 
could only be ol)tained from those of foreign 
birth. 

" "When a school boy he cared little for such sports 
as tops, marbles, kites, balls, &c., but delighted in 
athletic recreations, such as running and jumping, 
swimming, skating, rowing or any amusement that 
required activity of body or limbs, long walks, &c. 
During his boyhood he was frequently indulged in 
holidays and made many excursions into the country 
adjacent to the city in all directions, even to the 
adjoining counties, from which he became familiar 
with the surroundings of Philadelphia in almost 
every direction, to the distance of some thirty or 
forty miles from the City. 

' ' During the progress of the war with England in 
1812-15, he spent many evenings at home, reading 
to his father, an indifferent English scholar, from 
the papers of the passing occurrences of the day. 
When in 1814 the British took Washington and 
attempted the capture of Baltimore by their attacks 
on l^orth Point and Fort McHenry, and ascended 
Chesapeake Bay to. its head, although but a lad of 
fourteen years, he was one of those detailed to work 
on the fortifications erected southwest of the City, 
below Gray's Ferry, on the Baltimore turnpike- 
road, and was on several occasions a visitor at the 
encampments of Yolunteers at Kennett's Square, 
Chester County ; at Camp Dupont, on the Brandy- 
wine ; and at Marcus Hook, Delaware Co., where 
some ten thousand men were concentrated. 



432 APPENDIX. 

• 

" Leaving school, upon the conclusion of the war 
in 1815, at the age of fourteen years, he assisted in 
his father's business, that of an importer of watches 
and clocks from his native country, Switzerland, 
and on the occasion of his father's last visit to his 
native place, in the summer of 1815, following the 
battle of Waterloo and the second abdication of the 
&8t ISJ'apoleon, he was left in sole charge of his 
father's business during his absence of some six or 
eight months in Europe, as also during his father's 
frequent business trips to ISTew York and South as 
far as Charleston, South Carolina. 

"In the summer of the year 1818, business being 
completely prostrated in all the principal cities at 
the East, and many turning their attention to the 
' Far West,' beyond the Mississippi, his father 
with nine children to set afloat in the world, 
falling in with the popular sentiment of the day, 
concluded to abandon the City with which he had 
been identified for nearly a quarter of a century and 
seek a new home for his infant colony in the West 
beyond the '■Father of Waters.' 

"Accordingly, on the morning of Sunday, August 
30, 1818, accompanied by his oldest son, the subject 
of this sketch, then a young man in his eighteenth 
year, they left Philadelphia in the mail stage for 
Pittsburgh, three hundred miles, which place they 
reached on Friday, Sept. 4th, in six days. From 
this point they descended the Ohio in a keel-boat, 
reaching Shawneetown, one thousand miles from 
Pittsburgh, about the middle of October. Thence 



FRED'C L. BILLON. 433 

they proceeded by land through Illinois to Kaskas- 
kia, crossing the Mississippi to Ste. Genevieve in a 
canoe and thence to St. Louis, vi^hich point they 
reached on Wednesday, Oct. 28th, having consumed 
just sixty days on the route, about the usual time 
required for the trip at that day. 

' ' After spending the winter of 1818-19 in the place 
selected for their future domicile, and purchased the 
old stone mansion of the Labbadies, at the northeast 
corner of Main and Chestnut Streets, for the recep- 
tion of his family when he should arrive with them 
in the ensuing fall, his father set out on his return 
to Philadelphia on horseback in April, 1819, leav- 
ing Frederic in charge of his business, and to attend 
to the alterations and improvements necessary to 
make his purchase habitable. He reached Philadel- 
phia in May, remained there a couple of months, 
and left with his family in July, arriving in St. 
Louis in September, 1819. The family was domi- 
ciled in their new home at the close of the month. 

"The summer of 1819 was a noted one in the 
annals of St. Louis, for notwithstanding the great 
sickness and mortality of that particular year, in the 
shape of bilious and intermittent fevers, which 
prevailed to a great extent throughout the settle- 
ments on the western waters, it was the year of 
extensive Military operations on the pa^-t of the 
United States, in extending their out posts far 
beyond their former limits, the old frontier post 
at Bellefontaine, on the Missouri. Major Stephen 
H. Long's scientific expedition to the Yellowstone 

28 



434 APPENDIX. 

in the ' Western Engineer ; ' Colonel Henry 
Atkinson's ascent of the Missouri with the Sixth 
Regiment, United States Infantry, to establish 
Fort Atkinson, Council Bluffs ; Col. Josiah Snel- 
ling's expedition with the Fifth Regiment to estab- 
lish Fort Snelling at St. Peters, on the Mississippi, 
and other movements of minor importance, requir- 
ing the use of numerous boats and paddle-wheel 
barges, of which a number were lost in the Mis- 
souri, are vividly impressed upon the memory of 
Mr. Billon, that being his first summer in the then 
remote west. 

"Late in the year 1819 the first '^ uniformed'' 
company of . Volunteer Infantry west of the Missis- 
sippi, styled the ' St. Louis Guards,' was raised 
in St. Louis, of which Mr. Billon became a member 
in the following year, and in 1824 received his 
commission as ensign of the same from Gen. Wm. 
H. Ashley, Lieut. Governor. 

"In 1820 he witnessed the excitements attending 
the adoption of the State Constitution and the 
establishment of the State government. 

" In September, 1822, his father, Charles F. Billon, 
Sr., died, leaving the charge of his widow and 
children to his oldest son, F. L. Billon, who had 
just attained his majority. 

' ' His first vote was cast for the acceptance of 
the city charter in February, 1823, from which date 
he has been a voter at every City and State elec- 
tion down to the present day, as also at every 
Presidential election in the State from the first in 



FRED'C L. BILLON. 435 

1824, and was an eye-witness and participant in 
many interesting events and occurrences connected 
with the Town, City and State governments in 
that early period of St. Louis' history. 

"In the year 1827, while absent on business in 
Philadelphia, he was elected an alderman from the 
Central ward of the three into which the city was 
then divided, and in 1828 was re-elected to the same 
position. 

" On May 20, 1829, his brothers and sisters being 
mostly grown to maturity and disposed of, he him- 
self entered the married state with Miss E. L. 
Generelly, like himself a native of Philadelphia, of 
French parentage. "With this lady he passed thirty- 
six years of wedded life until her death, Feb. 11, 
1865. He was the father of twelve children, but 
three of whom survive. 

" In the year 1834, his health being materially 
impaired by his constant devotion to business, he, 
by the advice of his physician, the late Doct. Will- 
iam Carr Lane, made a trip to Sante Fe and the 
Rocky Mountains, then not a trifling undertaking, 
requiring some ninety to one hundred days in cross- 
ing the plains with wagons and ox- teams, and 
returned in the fall much improved in health. 

" In 1851-52 he was twice nominated by Mayor 
Luther M. Kennett to the position of City comp- 
troller, and on each occasion unanimously confirmed 
by the board of Aldermen. 

" In 1853 he was appointed the first Auditor and 
general Book-keeper of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, 



436 APPENDIX. 

jBUing the position for five years, and then suc- 
.ceeded, in 1858, to that of Secretary and Treasurer 
of the same company, resigning the office at the 
close of the year 1863, after some eleven years in 
the service of the company. Since that period he 
has devoted much time to literary matters, more 
particularly to the task of gathering up the data 
and materials for an early history of the country 
bordering the Mississippi in its entire course, in 
the pursuit of which he is still occupied at the age 
of eighty-two years." J. T. S. 

1883. 



INDKX KIRST. 



HISTORICAL INDEX. 



PAGB 

American Fur Companj', Copartnership formed . . .33 
Amusements 77 

_ Bank of St. Louis 85,86,87,88 

Bates, Fredk., Acting Governor, Proclamation . . .45 
Bellefontaine, Cantonment of Troops at . . . .24 

Account of the Post 92 

Col. Wm. Russell in Command . . . .94 

Early History of . . . 390, 391, 392, 393, 394 
Benton, Thomas H., Duel with Charles Lucas . 82, 83, 84 

Account of diflaculty with Gen'l Jackson . 409, 410, 411 
Berry, Major, Editorial from Jos. Charless . . . .61 
Boone, Daniel, Act of Congress for Relief of . . .58 
Brackenridge, H. M., Letter to Joseph Charless . . 36, 37 

■Carondelet, Population of 35 

Carroll, Archbishop, Death of 63 

Clark, Wm., Governor, Proclamation apportioning Represent- 
ation in Territorial Assembly 42 

Announces result of Election for Delegates . . 43 

Convenes Special Session Legislature . . .51 

Crane, A. T. , Postmaster at St. Louis . . . .54 

Census of 1818 51 

Census St. Louis 1^2 

(439) 



440 INDEX FIRST. 

PAGE 

Christ Church Congregation ...... 68 

Location of Church 69" 

Chouteau, August P. and Companions return from Imprison- 
ment at Santa Fe 64 

Resolutions of House of Representatives relative to . 65- 

Cooper County Organized 31 

Columbia River, Return of R. Stewart, R. Crooks, J. Miller, 

and Robt. McClelland from 55 

Counties, Divided into Circuits .31 

Duff, Jno. M., Funeral Ceremonies . . . . 92, 9* 

Eagle Tavern Ill 

Early Newspapers ....... 104, IDS' 

Early Schools and Teachers . . . . 78, 79, 80 

Easton, Rufus, elected Delegate to Congress . . .27 

Report on his Election .28- 

Appointed Postmaster .53 

England, "War with 37 

Erin Benevolent Society 67 

Enquirer, St. Louis 105- 

Farrar, Doct., and Graham, Duel 81 

Franklin County Organized 31 

Florisant, Population of . . . . . . . SS' 

Fort Osage Commenced 33 

Treaty with Osages held there by Gen. Clark . . 33 

Gazette Statistics 65' 

Grand Concert, St. Louis . . . ■ . . . .77 

Graham, Jas. A. and Farrar, Duel 81 

Geyer, Capt. and G. H. Kennerly, Duel . . .82 
Grove Tavern 114 



HISTORICAL INDEX. 



441 



I PAGE. 

Harrisonville, Celebration of 4th July at . . . .70- 
Hempstead, Edward, elected Delegate to Congress . . 42 

Herculaneum, Population of 35 

Shot Tower II5, 

Howard County Established 30 

Howard, Gov., Public Dinners to . . . 55, 56 

Leaves Portage des Sioux 93 

History of 402, 403 

Hunt, "Wilson P., Leaves St. Louis on Expedition to the 



Columbia 



Illinois Town, Account of . 
Indians, Census of, in Territory . 

False Report of Attack by 

Butchery of Inhabitants at Wood River 
loway Indians, Depredations of . 



36 

66. 
35 
57" 
58 
54 



Jefferson Barracks, Sketch of in Early Days, 

424, 425, 426, 427, 428 

Jefferson County Organized 31 

duly Fourth, Early Celebrations of . . . . 69, 71 

Kennedy, G. H. and Capt. Geyer, Duel . . . .82 

Lawrence County Established 30- 

Abolished 31 

Lear, Tobias, Death of 63- 

Lewis, M., OflScial Correspondence of ... 384-5 

Lockhart's Free Ferry 128 

Louisiana, Big Swamp of (so entitled) Prediction of Joseph 

Charless as to . . . . . . 33, 34 

Louisiana, Treaty Ceding to United States, 

366, 367, 368, 369, 370, 371 



442 



INDEX FIRST. 



PAGE 

Louisiana District, Laws Enacted at Vincennes ... 1 

First Grand Jury .9 

Acts of Congress relating to Public Lands . .31 

Commissioners of Public Lands . ' . . . * 31 

-Louisiana Territory, Laws Enacted at St. Louis ... 2 

Law Appointing Att'y-Gen'l ..... 2 

Relating to Arkansas District .... 2 

Appointing Clerk of General Court . . 2 

Establishing Courts ..... 3 

Incorporation of Villages .... 3 

St. Louis & Ste. Genevieve Road ... 4 

Summary of Facts Relative to Organization, 

4, 5, 6, 7, 8 

Acts of Congress Changing to Missouri . 26 

Lucas, Charles, Account of Duel with Thomas H. Benton, 

82, 83, 84 

Sketch of his Life 84 

Xucaa, J. B. C, Addition to St Louis . . . . .62 

-McNair, Alex., Register of Lands 63 

Mechanics' Benevolent Society, Organization of . , .67 

-Meramec Shawnees burn three Indians near Cape Girardeau 34 

Missouri, Act changing Name from Louisiana . . .41 

Bank of, incorporated . . . . . .30 

Fur Company 68, 123 

Gazette 99, 100 

JMissouri Territory, List of Justices, Clerks, Sheriffs, etc. . 19 



First meeting House Representatives 

Arrival of Gen. Wm. Clark 

Act regulating Weights and Measures 

Old Courts Abolished 

Office of Attorney-General Abolished 

Third U. S. Census .... 



27 
27 
28 
29 
30 
66 



HISTOBICAL INDEX. 



443 



Monks of La Trappe, Notice relating to 
Montgomery County Organized .... 

New Orleans, Battle of 

OflScial Correspondence 

Prairie Du Chien, Governor Clark's Expedition to 

Pinckney, Chas. C. 

Pike County Organized 

Pittsburgh, Early History 

Post-offlce, St. Louis . 

Public Lands 

Hector, Elias, Col., Postmaster at St. Louis 
Eed Lead, Manufacture of .... 

Rock Spring 

Sacs, Foxes, and lowas. Council with at St. Louis 



PAGE 

. 55 
. 31 

. 60 

386, 390 

58 

54 

31 

405 

156 

31, 32 



54 

56 

408 

33 



St. Charles, Celebration of Fourth July at . .70 

St. Louis County, Act for Jail in . . . .30 

St. Patrick's Day, First Observance of in St. Louis . 68 

Scott, John, Report of his election to Congress . . 28 

Elected to Congress (1816) . . . . 43 

Shawneetown, Complaint Against Postmaster . . 57 

Simpson, Eob't., Postmaster at St. Louis . . . .53 
State Constitution, Account of proceedings in relation to 106, 108 

Steamboats, Early 72, 78 

St. Louis, First Book printed in 4 

First Grand Jury meet at house of E. Yousti . 9 

Grand Jurors fined 10 

House rented for Prison 10 

Merrimac Ferry Licensed 10 



444 INDEX FIRST. 

St. Louis — Continued. 

Rufus Easton Attorney General 
Ferry Licensed at St. Charles . 
Taxes and Licenses . 
Taverns Licensed 
Sheriff fined .... 

Jos. Browne Appointed Justice Court Common Pleas 
Andrew Steele Appointed Prothonary 
Military Guard House used as Prison 
Inquest on Body of Gauch6 Becquet. 
Additional Guard furnished at Jail . . 
Wm. Christy Appointed Clerk of Court of Quarter 
Sessions .... 

Silas Bent Appointed First Justice of the Common 
Pleas ...... 

District Divided into Townships 
Population of Townships .... 

Change of Sessions Court of Common Pleas 
New Road to Ste. Genevieve Approved 
First Execution ..... 



Contumacy of Nancy West .... 16-17 
Alex^ McNair Appointed Sheriff . . . .18 

Election of Trustees (1808) 20- 

Petition of Inhabitants for Incorporation . . .21 
Commisioners appointed to Superintend Election 

of Trustees 21 

Ferry Rates to East Shore 22^ 

Election of Town Trustees 22 

Treasurer's Statement ...... 22 

Market House Completed 22 

First Survey of Town 22, 25 

Appearance of Town in 1804 23- 



11 
1] 
1] 
11 
11 
12 

12- 
12 
12 

la 

IS- 
IS 
14 
14 
14 
14 
15 



HISTORICAL INDEX. 



M5 



St. Louis — Continued. 




Principal Roads 


. 23 


Description of Streets 


. 23 


Original Streets 


. 24 


Lucas and Cliouteau's Addition . 


. 25 


First Market House 


. 25 


Bank of, Incorporated 


. 29 


County Court Established . . . . 


. 29 


Act for Survey and Plat 


. 30 


Eesolutions at Town Meeting (1812) as to War 


with 


England 


37-40 


Post-Offlce Established 


. 53 


Location of 


. 53 


Dinners to Gov. Howard. . . . . 


55, 56 


Juvenile Company 


. 69 


Te Deum on account of Jackson's Victory 


. 59 


Judge Lucas' Addition to . 


. 62 


Baird's Blacksmith Shop used as a Theater 


. 64 


Divine Services held at 


. 64 


€ensus of St. Louis, 1815 


. 66 


St. Patrick's Day in 1820 


. 68 


Celebration of 4th July .... 


. 71 


Theatricals in 


73-77 


Thespian Society . . . . . 


74-76 


Amusements 


. 77 


■Grand Concert 


. 78 


Museum 


. 77 


^Schools and Teachers .... 


78-81 


Early Duels 


81-84 


Volunteer Companies .... 


. 89 


St. Louis Guards 


. 98, 99 


^Editorial of Mr. Charless on . . . 


. 101, 102 



Mb INDEX 


FIRST. 




St. Louis — Continued. 


PAGK 


Early Newspapers 


. 105- 


Early Business Notices 




109, 160 


Vaccination 




. 112 


Bench and Bar . 




. 161 


Early Physicians 




. 163 


Old Land Marks 




. 394 


Judge Carr's Residence 




. 395 


Hammond Residence 




. 396 


Old Riddick Mansion 




. 396- 


Mansion House Hotel 




. 397 


Maj. Wm. Christy's Residence 


. 398. 


Henry Gratiot's Residence . . . . 


. 399 


Cabanne Mansion ..... 


399-403 


Old Brick Cathedral 


. 418 


Old Brick College 


420-423- 


Territorial Legislature, Gov. Howard's Proclamation 


. 43 


House of Representatives .... 


. 44 


Second Session, First Territorial Legislature 


. 46 


Second Legislature, Second Session . 


. 47 


Census of 1814 


. 47 


Third Legislature 


. 49 


Legislative Council 


. 50 


Tippecanoe, Battle of 


. 55 


Vaccination at St. Louis 


. 112 


Volunteer Companies 


89, 91 


Washington's Birthday, Celebration at St. Louis . 


. 72 


Western Journal 


. 105 


Western Emigrant 


. 105 


"Western Engineer" 


. 98 


White Lead, Manufacture of . ... 


. 56 


Yellowstone Expedition, Objects 


of . . . 


. 97 



INDKX SECOND. 



INDEX OK NANIES, 

ALPHABETICALLY ARRANGED, AS THEY APPEAR IN THE ANNALS. 



PAGE 

Adams, Calvin 9, 11 

Adams, John 51 

Adams, John Qulncy . . . .210 

Alexander, B. W 77 

Alexander, Walter B. ... 353 

Alcorn, James 50 

Allen, Beverly ... 5, 231, 363 

Allen, Gerard B 276 

AUen, Isaac 147 

Allen, Capt. H. M 250 

Allen, James E 49 

• Allen, James 243 

Allen, John 11 

Allen, John E 9 

Alvarez, Augusts A. . . . . 422 
Alvarez, Eugenio . . 78, 270, 422 

Alvarez, Manuel 422 

Ames, Benjamin 348 

Amelin, Alexis 155 

Anderson, James 19 

Anderson, Garret 359 

Anderson, Paul & William 67, 147 
Anderson, Thomas L. ... 205 
Anderson, Wm. H. H. . . ._359 

Andreville, Andr6 9, 10 

Anduze, Aristide 81 

Armstrong 115 

Arnand, Bartholomew . . .423 
Arnold, James, Sr. . . 153, 285 
Arnold, Wm. & James, Jr. . . 285 

Arthur, John 1 1 8 

Atchison, George 185 

Atkinson, Henry, Col. 

, 96, 359, 395, 427, 428, 434 



PAGE 

Atwood, Doct. N. B. 343, 353, 354 
Ashley, Wm. H., Genl. . 196, 434 

Astor, Jno. J 193 

Audrain, J. H 114 

Audubon & Eozier 121 

Austin, Horace . 18, 111, 119, 126 
Austin, Major Lorenzo . . . 132 
Austin, Moses . . 85, 86, 89, 177 
Austin, Stephen E. . . . 49, 87 

Badgley 121 

Bailey, Robert ,147 

Bainbridge, Capt 260 

Baird, James . . 64, 120, 121, 74 

Baldwin, Doct 97 

Ball, John S 227 

Ballinger, Jos 382 

Barbour, James 428 

Barlow, Jos. C 166 

Barada, Antoine 15 

Barclay, D. Eobt 364 

Bartlet, Abner 205 

Barlow, James 130 

Barnes, Robert A. . . . 263, 415 

Barribeau, Pierre 422 

Barton, David, 19, 20, 106, 107, 127, 

130, 144, 162, 245, 277 

Barton, Joshua, 82, 84, 107, 162, 246 

Barton, Isaac 246 

Basquez, Benito 9 

Bates, Edward, 

107, 162, 246, 279, 280 
Bates, Elias . . .85, 86, 177, 256 
Bates, Fleming .... 384, 386 
29 (449-) 



450 



INDEX SECOND. 



PAGE 

Bates, Frederick 3, 4, 6, 7, 13, 18, 

20, 28, 32, 45, 199, 226, 227, 255, 

260, 278, 279, 282, 384, 387, 388, 

389, 402 

Beaugenon, "Vital 423 

Beauvais, St. Gemiuin . 406, 187 

Beavers, Thos 110 

Beck, Abraham, 

153, 155, 163, 344, 345 
Beck, Doct. Lewis C. . 164, 345 

Becquet, John B 272 

Becquet, Gauche 12 

Bedell, Lieut 96 

Beebe, Elijah 251 

Beebe, Elisha 251 

Beland, John B 11 

Belcour, John B. D 422 

Bellisime, Alex'r ..... 422 

Belleville, Pierre 423 

Bennett, William ..... 106 
Bent, Silas, 

13, 14, 1 , 16, 19, 71, 167, 195, 202 

Benton, Thos. H. 82, 89, 105, 10 r, 

162, 216, 245, 281, 409 

Benoit, Francis M. ... 9, 18 

Benoit, Tbussaint 127 

Berthold, Bartholomew, 85, 114, 
116, 124, 127, 129, 143, 170, 234 
Berthold, Frederick . . . .185 
Berthold, Pierre A. . . 178, 235 
Berry, Major Taylor . . 61, 196 

Bertrand, Michel 423 

Bibbs, Captain 89 

Biddle, Major Thos. 198, 361, 395 
Billon, Charles, Sr., 

164, 156, 176, 422, 434 
Billon, Fred'c L. . 429, 430, 434 

Bird, Abraham 266 

Bissell, Gen'l Daniel, 

33, 94, 219, 221, 222, 269, 270 

Bissell, James 222 

Bissell Brothers 222 

BisselJ, Capt. Lewis .... 223 
Bissell, Col. Kussell . . 222, 225 



page: 

Bissonnet, Joseph 422' 

Bissonnet, Antoine .... 423- 
Blackburn, Eev. ...... 64 

Blair, Mrs 71 

Bliss, Capt 96 

Block, Eleazer 163 

Blood, Capt. Sullivan . . . . 31 4 

Boardman, Capt 96 

Bobb, John 147 

Boggs, Lilburn "W. . 88, 134, 146 

Bogy, Joseph 50' 

Bollinger, Geo. F 44 

Boly, John .... 10, 382, 383 
Bompart, Louis ... .88 

Bond, Shadrack 70- 

Boone, Capt. Daniel, 

67, 411, 412, 414 
Boone, Capt. Nathan . 91, 413, 414 
Bosserou, Charles . . . 224, 285- 

Boss, Dan'l C 154 

Boudon, Johu 156 

Bouvet, Jno. B 422 

Bonis, Capt 90' 

Bonis, "Veuve "Vincent . . . 422 
Bouchg, Francis . . . 422, 423 
Bouju, Joseph . . 124, 155, 422 

Bowen, John S 268 

Boyer, J. H 146. 

Boyes, Jacob A 70- 

Brackenridge, Henry M. 

37, 162, 214, 405 
Brackenridge, Hugh H. 

214, 404, 405 
Bradbury, . . 36, 37, 407 

Bradley, Samuel . . . 382, 38a 
Brady, Thos. 18, 66, 67, 88, 89, 121, 
130, 232, 233, 208, 272, 355, 422 
Brand, James . . . 180, 422, 146 

Bryan, Guy 219 

Brandon, Peter ". 382 

Brazeau, Joseph 9- 

Brazeau, Louis 9, 432 

Bredell, Edward . . . 239, 364 
Bredell, John C 365 



LIST OF NAMES. 



451 



. PAGE 

Bridge, Samuel 121 

Bright, John A 19 

Bright, Capt. Josiah . 99, 142, 287 
Brown, John . . .15, 382, 383 
Brown, DeWitt Clinton . . .347 
Brown, Gen'l Jacob . 62, 427, 428 
Brown, Reverend .>.... 64 

Brown, Lleat 96 

Brown, Lionel 52 

Brown, Samuel. ... 51, 350 
Browne, Joseph, 2, 5, 12, 13, 19, 227 

Bruce, Amos J 99 

Bruff, Major John 110 

Bullitt, George .... 44, 264 

Burchmore, Geo 159 

Burns, Calvin 110 

Burr, Col. Aaron 203 

Burt, Nathaniel ...... 362 

Bush, Joseph 19 

Butler, Fred'li A 131 

Byrd, Stephen 44 

Cabann^, Charles 202 

CabannS, John P., 

88, 152, 234, 399, 422 

Caillou, Francois 423 

Campbell, Geo. W. . . 233, 351 

Camp, Ichabod 223 

Caldwell, Kinkaid 49 

Carr, Francis 163 

Carr, William C, 21, 38, 44, 45, 72, 
161, 201, 202, 245, 260 195, 395 

Carr, Joseph P 276 

Carr, Walter 201 

Carr, Walter B 276 

Calloway, Flanders 413 

Carman, Samael 147 

Carroll, Gen 61 

Carroll, John, Archbishop' . . 63 

Carroll, Capt 410 

Carson, Moses 67 

Carter, Jacob .... 382, 383 

Carter, E. C 164 

Casner, George .... 127, 156 



Castello, Michael 356 

Cass, Col. Lewis 393 

Cassidy, Henry 49 

Catherwood, Eobt. N. ... 67 
Caulk, Richard . . 10, 14, 15, 44 

Cavender, George 48 

Cerr«, Gabriel S., Sr. . 85, 89, 164 

Chambers, Adam B 275 

Chambers, Charles .... 198 
Chambers, Col. Talbot . 183, 424 
Chapin, Capt. Gurden . . . 23» 
Charless, Jos., Sr. 4, 7, 34, 36, 49, 
67, 72, 133, 229, 230,240, 275, 346, 
347, 364, 422 
Charless, Edward, 

230, 369, 103, 375, 412, 282, 346. 
Charless, Joseph, Jr., 
100, 101, 103, 117, 125, 126, 133, 231 

Charleville, Veuve 42» 

Cheni6, Antoine . . 181, 211, 421 

Chenig, Leon .... 212, 263 

Chouteau, Aug't, Sr., 9, 13, 14, 15, 

18, 20, 22, 24, 25, 28, 38, 40, 45, 

72, 85, 88, 90, 132, 164, 165, 272, 

277, 284, 385, 386, 387, 418, 419, 

421 

Chouteau, Aug. A 166 

Chouteau, Gabriel S 166 

Chouteau, Henry T. . . . ,167 

Chouteau, Peter, Sr., 20, 44, 89, 127, 

168, 169, 211, 234, 418, 419, 422, 

42S 
Chouteau, Peter, Jr., 

129, 170, 171, 234 
Chouteau, Auguste P., 

18, 27, 69, 152, 166, 170, 261 
Chouteau, Francis G. . 170, 171 
Chouteau, Paul L. . . . 170, 171+ 
Chouteau, Chas. P. 171, 172, 173 
Chouteau, Joseph Gilman . . 168 
Chouteau, Cyprien .... 170 
Chouteau, Pharamond . . . 170 
Chouteau, Charles & Frederick. 170 
Chouteau, Augt. R 16» 



452 



INDEX SECOND. 



PAGE 

Chouteau, Edward A. . . . 166 ■ 

Chouteau, Henry, A 168 

Chouteau, Norbert Silvestre.. . 168 

Chouteau, Jos. Gilman ^ . . 168 

Christy, Major Wm., 12, 13, 18, 19, 

38, 40, 71, 101, 107, 114, 119, 195, 

196, 240, 241, 242, 276, 398 

Churchill, Saml. B 276 

Chandler, Jno. and C. . 122, 127 
Claiborne, Gen. C. C. ... 4 
Clamorgan, James . . 9, 13, 14, 15 

Clarli, Christopher 51 

CJark, Gen. Geo. E. . . 273, 375 

Clark, Gen. Wm., 5, 8, 13, 27, 28, 

29, 33, 42, 43, 72, 101, 118, 123, 

209, 233, 254, 267, 268, 271, 272, 

273, 362, 375, 371, 372, 379, 425 

Clark, Jno. O.'F 168 

Clark, Jonathan 273 

Clark, JefEerson K 380 

Clary, Eobert E 229 

Clay, Henry 27 

Clemens, Jas., Jr. 

69, 87, 137, 138, 143, 198, 286 
Clement, Francois .... 423 
Clemson, Capt.E. B. 33, 86, 81, 263 

Clinton, Geo 65 

Clinton, DeWitt 203 

Coburn, John . . . . 4, 7, 240 

Coats, Mrs 71 

Coflfee, Col 410 

■Collet, Ann 328 

Collet, Robert 73 

Collet, Thomas 150 

Colfax, Capt 96 

■Collier, John 292 

■Collier, George 292 

■Collier, Catherine 364 

donrad, D. H 163 

Connor, Jeremiah, 12, 13, 14,67, 109, 

112, 194, 345, 422, 379, 346 

Conway, Henry W. . . . 99, 150 

Cook, Major 98 

Cook, John D 207, 278 



PAGE 

Cook, Nathaniel . . . . 49 

Coons John 49 

Cooke, Judge Wm. M. . . . 266 

Cooper, Benj 50 

Cottle, Ira 51 

Coulter, David 280 

Cozens, Horatio . . . 129, 163 
Craig, Capt. . .... 73, 96 

Craig, Major 40 

Crane, Capt. A. T. ... 54,155 

Crawford, Wm. H 27 

Crittenden, Thos. T. 8, 18, 20, 402 

Crevier, Autoine 423 

Cromwell, John ... 85, 180, 288 
Cromwell, Thomas . . . .288 

Crooks, Eamsey 56 

Cross, Cap. Joseph,238, 249, 250, 372 

Cross, Horatio N 350 

Cummins, Jas . . 54, 230, 346, 355 
Cummings,,J. C. . . . 103, 104 

Cummings, Thos 276 

Cuyler, David E 155 

Daggett, John D. . . . 340, 341 
Daggett, Wm. and James . . 341 

Dales, John 88 

Daly, Michael .... 154, 349 
Dangen, Antoine, 148, 187, 259, 422 

Davis, Thos. Terry 1, 5 

Davis, Charles 18 

Davis, H. C 137 

Davis, H. N 393 

Davies, Col. Joe 274 

Davidson, John 48 

Dawson, Eobert 49 

Deane, Capt. Jas 197 

Deaver, Larkln 183 

Deakers, William 397 

De Camp, S. G. J 164 

Dejarlois, Chas 10 

De Launay, David ... 9, 21, 425 
De Lassus, Camille .... 181 
De Lassus, Gov'r Chas. D., 

157, 412, 423 



LIST OF NAMES. 



453 



PAGE 

Decatur, Stephen 260 

Depestre ... .... 126 

Delaney, Dennis. . . . 198 

Denny, Boyd ; 9 

Dent, Frederick . . 87, 152, 341 
Demun, Augustus, 

48, 102, 113, 262, 263 
Demun, Julius, 

18, 126, 262, 263, 415, 421 
De Montholon, C. F. F. . . . 177 



Desir6, Louis . . . . 423 

Deys, Leo ... .... 81 

Desjardins, Paul ... . 423 

Derouin, Francois ... . 422 

De Hodiamont . . . . 422 

De Thiers, Louis 423 

Detandebaratz, M. . 142, 143, 180 

Detailly, Pierre 423 

Didier, Pierre . . 9, 107, 423 

Dillon, P. M. ... 139, 140, 147 

Dillon, John N 168 

Dolan, M 114, 142 

Donaldson, Jas. L. . 20, 31, 218 
Douglass, Maj. Thompson, 

37, 126,232, 382, 383 
Donaldson, Alex 410 



Douglass, Wm 349 

Douberman, Juo. J. 413, 414, 415 

Dowling, B 143 

Dowling.John . . . . 134 

Dowling, Richard K. . . 320 

Doddridge, Philip . . .199 

Drake, Chas. D 250 

Drake, Samuel .... 397 

Drips, Andrew . . . .68 

Drouillard, Geo. ... .12 
Duane, William ... .230 

DuBourg, E. Rev'dL. W., 

81, 383, 416, 417, 418, 420, 421 
Dubreuil, Made. . 20, 30, 34, 423 

Dubreuil, Louis C 206 

Duchouquette, Batiste . . . 422 
Duchouquette, Pierre . . 432 
Duff, John M 92 



PAGB 

Dumaine, Lucien 312 

Dumoulin, Jno B. . . , . . 422 

Dunn, John 50 

Dnprfi, Eugene 184 

Durand, Lieut'. 96 

Durocher, August . . 79,144,152 
Dutremble, Antoine .... '423 

Dyer, John N 165 

Dyer, Thos. P 202 

Earl, Mrs 406 

Easton, Col. Eufus, 10, 19, 20, 27, 

28, 43, 84, 85, 87, 110, 120, 150, 

162, 202, 204, 246, 277, 278, 279 

Eastan, Col. A. E 205 

Edgar, James 220 

Edgar, John 220, 275 

Edwards, Albert G 401 

Egliz, Hyacinthe 9 

Elbridge, George .... 59, 65 

Ellis, Erasmus 52 

Ellis, Captain 90 

Elliott, Aaron 202 

Ellison, Lieut 96 

Emmons, Benjamin .... 45 

English, Eobert 48 

English, Thomas 67 

Essex, Thomas & Co 159 

Essex, James C 329 

Estes, Thomas . . 144, 146, 157 
Everhart, 78 

Falconer & Comegys, 112, 116, 118 
Farrar, Doct. B. G. 38, 40, 81, 123, 
125, 128, 132, 168, 169, 163, 164, 
196, 240, 241, 243, 295 
Farrar, Wm. C. and James L. 241 
Farris, Col. Eobt. P., 

162, 239, 240, 250 

Faysseux, Major 397 

Ferguson, Geo. W 134 

Fergtfson; Peter, Judge . . . 255 
Ferguson, Wm. Findley . . . 255 
Fenn, Doct. Zeno . . . 164, 342 



454 



INDEX SECOND. 



PAGE 

Ferrari, Andreas 81 

Eesch, Cardinal 35 

Fillmore, Pres't 280 

Finney, John 334 

Fitzliugli, Judge Dennis . . . 273 

Flaget, Bishop 416 

Flaugherty, James .... 45 

Fletcher, Thomas C 256 

Ford, Patrick H 106 

Force, Peter 430 

Forsythe, Maj. Thos. . . .226 

Forsythe, Eobert 226 

Fontaine, Felix 423 

Foster, Major 96 

Fouch6, Francois 423 

Foulck, Capt. Willis .... 92 
Furr, Samson 132 

Oagnon, John B 423 

Gaines, Genl. E. P. ... 62, 99 

Oallatin, Abraham 47 

Gallatin, Albert . 199, 214, 405 
Gamble, Archibald .... 204 
Gamble, Hamilton E. . . 280, 346 
Gantt, Doct. Ed. S., 

138, 164, 285, 342 
Gantt, Major Stoughton . . . 286 

Gantt, Capt. John 286 

Gamier, Joseph V., 6, 50, 68, 190, 

191 

Gay, Mrs 158 

Gebert, Doct. P. M. 151, 164, 343 

Generelly, Fleury 236 

Geyer, Henry S., 

57, 77, 82, 131, 162, 277, 280, 281 
Giddings, Rev'd Salmon., 

64, 79, 80, 141, 145 

■Gilhuly, Bernard 855 

Gilhuly & Castello . . . .157 
Gilhuly & Cummins . . . . 1 57 

Givens, Capt 96 

Glasby, Albin H. . . . , . .401 
Glasgow, Sr., William . . .• 140 
<Jlasgow, William, Jr. . . 338 



PAGE 

Gordon, Wm 382, 383 

Gordon, George 15 

Gourdes, Henry 212, 

Graham, James A. . 81, 162, 242 
Graham, Major Kich'd . 198, 395 
Graham, Lieut. James ... 97 

Granger, Gideon 203 

Grant, Israel B 143 

Gratiot, Charles, Sr., 10, 11, 19, 35, 
38, 88, 172, 177, 179, 262, 283, 385 
Gratiot, Mad. Victoire . . .422 
Gratiot, Gen'l Charles . 172, 173 
Gratiot, Col. Henry, 

173, 174, 398, 423 
Gratiot, John Pierre B., 

173, 174,175, 253 
Gratiot, Judge Paul B. M. 175, 176 
Gratiot, Doct. Charles B. . . 176 
Gratiot, Henry Terry . . .176 

Gratiot, Adolph B 176 

Gratiot, Paul Berjamin . . 176 
Gray, Alexander, Judge., 

162, 278, 279 
Gray, Capt. James S. ... 95 

Greer, Eobert C 184 

Griffin, John 1, 5 

Griffith, Isaac H. . . . 76, 155 
Grimsley, Col. Thornton . . 160 
Guerette, Pierre, Jr. ... 423 
Guest, Jonathan . 149, 150, 286 
Guibord, Auguste . . 212, 423 
Guibord, Capt. Henri . . .213 

Guillet, Urban 55 

Guion, Hubert 422 

Guion, Vincent 422 

Guitarre, Vincent .... 423 

Guitarre, Louis 423 

Gulager, Henry 150 

Guy, John E 77, 151 

Guyard, Capt. ...... 73 

Guyol, Fran's M. . . 40, 81, 123 

Habb, Victor 229 

Haile, Capt 96 



LIST OF NAMES. 



455 



PAGE 

Haines, Wm 269 

ilaldeman, Peter . . . 152, 340 

flail, John 87 

Hall, George 159 

flail, Sergeant 105 

flamllton, Capt 96 

flamllton, Capt. Talbot . . . 430 
flammond, George .... 146 

flammond, Capt 410 

flammond. Col. Sam'l, 27, 28, 29, 

32, 43, 45, 65, 69, 71, 86, 87, 209, 

367, 396 

flampton, L 5, 113 

Hamtramck, Col. JohnF. 186, 372 
Hamtramck, John F., Jun'r . 372 

Hand, General 209 

Hankinson, John . Ill, 113, 193 
Hanly, Thomas, 

67, 77, 134, 136, 146, 151 
flardln, Joseph .... 50, 52, 

Harney, Wm. S 198 

Harding, Chester . . . 413, 414 
Harris, Barnabas .... 46 
Harris, Oliver ...... 275 

Harris, William 109 

Harrison, Gen'l W. H. 

1, 5, 20, 203, 217, 373 
Harrison, Capt. Thos. J. . .373 

Hart, George C 5 

flartnett, John 351 

Harry, Jacob 9 

Harry, John W 51 

Hastings, 151 

Hawks, R. Rev'd Cicero . . .429 

Hay, John 171 

Hays, Stockley 410 

Haydn, 54 

Heath, John G 47 

Hebert, Guillaume 9 

Hedges, Rev'd Mr 429 

Hempstead, Stephen, Sr. 173, 251 

Hempstead, Stephen, Jr. 251, 252 

Hempstead, Edward 8, 9, 11, 15, 

20, 42, 127, 162, 204, 205, 251, 379 



PAGE 

Hempstead, Thomas, 

. - 67^,87,89,251,253,254 
Hempstead, Charles S, 

77, 162, 251, 252, 262 
Hempstead, Edward Lewis, . 247 

Henderson, 102 

Hennerman, Henry . 382, 383 
Henry, Isaac N. . . . 105,211 

Ilerpin, Jno. B 139 

Hertzog, Joseph ... 56, 157 

Heslep 119 

Hewes, Capt 98 

Higgins, William 354 

Hill, David B 72 

Hill, Britton A 360 

Hodges, Daniel 15 

Hoffman, David B., 

39, 146, 148, 163 
Hoffman, Doct. Herm. L., 

151, 153, 158, 164, 282, 341, 342 

Hogan, Edward 50 

Holbrook, John 161 

Holmes, Oliver 158 

Honey, John W. . 49, 159, 256, 340 

Honors, Michel 15 

Honors, Louis Tesson . . . 422 
Horrell, Rev'd Thomas ... 69 

Horrocks, Mr 72 

Hortiz, Jos. A 9 

Hortiz, John B 423 

Howard, Gen'l Ben'j. . 8, 18, 20, 

43, 93, 100, 101, 199, 241, 380, 402 

Huddleston, Solomon . 382, 383 

Hull, Abijah & Co 141 

Hull, James F 38 

Hull, Joseph J 71 

Humphreys, Major .... 96 
Hunt, Capt. Theodore, 

86, 102, 131, 135, 151, 260 

Hunt, Wilson P. . 9, 36, 68, 111, 

113, 153, 193, 194, 260 

Hunt, Philemon 284 

Hunt, Col. Thomas . . 221, 225 
Hunt, Thomas, Jr 266 



456 



INDEX SECOND. 



PAGE 

Hunt, John W 358 

Hunter, James 45 

Hunter, Joseph 50 

Hunter, Major Chas. W., 

72, 86, 133, 142, 143, 284, 286 

IngersoU, Charles J 65 

Ingram, Arthur . . 159, 362, 363 
Irwin, James ... 18, 145, 396 

Jackson, Andrew, 62, 407, 409, 410 

Jackson, Jeremiah 382 

Jacoby, H 9 

Jacoby, John 9, 13 

Janes, Joseph 147 

Jeanneret, Chas 141 

Jefferson, Brest. Thos., 

203, 214, 218, 227, 375, 380, 403 

Jessup, Gen'l 96 

Jessup, Doct 87 

Johnson, Hugh 362 

Johnson, Col. Eioharcl . . . 359 

Jones, Augustus 207 

Jones, Geo. W 208 

Jones, Judge John Rice, 

30, 161, 162, 207, 233, 271, 272 

Jones, Robert 68 

Journey, Peter 47 

Jovial, Joseph 423 

Keemer, 129 

Keemle, Charles 99 

Keiler, Lieut ■ . 96 

Keith, Lieut 95 

Keesacker, John . . . .137 
Kendall, Judathan . ... 19 
Kennerly, James, 69, 75, 89, 128, 
135, 139, 152 266, 267, 286 
Kennerly, George H., 

58, 77, 82, 99, 152, 267, 268 
Kennerly, Wm. Clark . . .268 
Kennerly, Samuel .... 260 

Kenzie, John 226 

Kerr, Geo. "W .202 



PAGE. 

Kerr, Matthew, 18, 88, 113, 116^ 
120, 122, 243, 284, 205 

Kerr, John 231 

Kearney, Gen'l Stephen . . 429- 

Ketchum, Major 96- 

Keys, Abraham 67 

Kibby, Timothy . 70, 72, 137, 232^ 

King, Rufus 65 

Kingsbury, James W. . . . 401 

Kingsley, Lieut 33 

Kinney, Mrs 16, 17 

Kirby, Ephraim 203 

Kimball & Ward 148- 

Knapp, Edward, Sr.- .... 356 
Knapp, George .... 356, 275- 

Knapp, Edward, Jr 356- 

Knapp, Col. John 356 

Krum, John M 414 

Labbadie, Silvestre, 9, 33, 123, 179, 
180, 193, 256, 261, 340, 422 

Labbadie, Joseph 422- 

Labeaume, Louis T. 13, 14, 199, 361 
Lacroix, Joseph . . . 423, 212- 



Lalande, Alexis . . 

Laclede, . . 

Lalende, Bernard . 

Landreville, . 

Lane, Doc. W. Carr 
Lane, Doc. Hardage 
Lane, Doc. Harvey . 
Lane, Jno, F. T. 
Langham, Col. Angus 
Langham, Elias T. . 
Lard, Hezekiah . . 
Lanodiere, Laurent 
Laveille, Jos. C, 151, 
Laville, J. F. . . 
Latresse, John . . 
Lawless, Luke E. 82, 
Larlvierre, Francois 
Leavenworth, Col. H. 
Lajoie, Lambert 
Laquaisse, Veuve . 



15, 423 
. 164 
. 114 
. 422^ 
151, 164, 435 
49' 
372, 186- 
. 373- 
. 89 
89, 39& 
. 391 
. 423. 
350, 351 
124 
423 
202, 397 
. 423 
95, 434 
. 42» 
. 42a 



155, 



162, 



LIST OF NAMES. 



45T 



PAGE 

Lebeau, Francois 423 

Lear, Tobias 63 

LeBerge, Charles 423 

LeBerge, Joseph 423 

LeBlond, Joseph 423 

LeBourgeois, Louis S. . . . 232 
Lecompte, Hyacinthe . . . 422 
Leduc, M. P. . . 51, 186, 212, 422 
Leduc, Giles Joseph .... 186 

Lee, Patrick 9, 119 

Le Favre, Miss P. . . . 83, 157 
Leitensdorfer, Eugene ... 77 
Lemignon, Doc. . . . 160, 164 

Le Guerrier, Chas 423 

Lemondc, L. L 422 

Lett, Robert S 140 

Lewis, John 

Lewis, Merriwether, 3, 7, 14, 15, 20 

33, 39, 91, 165, 199, 271, 374, 376, 

377, 378, 380, 384, 385 

Lewis, Fielding 374 

Liggett, Jos 164 

Lincoln, Prest • . 280 

Lindell, Peter . . 130, 137, 288 
Linden, John .... 137, 288 
Lindell, Jesse G. . . 87, 137, 288 
Lisa, Manuel, 

32, 33, 37, 68, 85, 98, 123, 252 
Little, John . . 140, 256, 340, 423 

Livingston, Capt 96 

Lockhardt 128 

Logan, Robert 155 

Long, John, Jr 15 

Long, Gabriel 9 

Long, Major Stephen . 97, 98, 433 

Loper, James 72, 77 

Lord, Matthew 10 

Lucas, John B, C.,2, 3, 6, 7, 14, 15, 
16,17,18,24, 31,44, 85, 162,213, 
218, 260, 264, 277, 405, 406 
Lucas, Charles . 84, 162, 215, 216 
Lucas, William . . 162, 215, 216 
Lucas, Robert ... 40, 93, 214 



PAGB 

McArthur, John 4* 

McClelland 56 

McCloud, Robt. ..... 2,10 

MeClure, Mrs 70 

McClure, Miss 70^ 

McCune, John S 461 

McDermid, Hugh 49- 

McGee, James 349' 

McGirk, Matthias, 

49, 162, 207, 277, 278 
McGunnegle, Major James . . 
McGunnegle, Wilson .... 99 

McGrady, Israel 

McGuire, Philip 4& 

McGuire, Thomas . 145, 272, 423 

Mcllvaine, Lieut 96 

McKeever, Alex. 112 

McKean, Gov'r 404 

McKellops, Capt 2ia 

McKenzie, Normand .... 113- 

McKenna & Co 158 

McKnight, John, 

18, 66, 85, 121, 130, 272, 355 

McLanahan, Josiah . . . 11, 19- 

McManus, Edward . . .80, 168 

McNair Alexander, 11, 18, 19, 20, 

27, 32, 43, 66, 71, 72, 106, 107, 

108, 124, 127, 135, 208, 245, 267, 

279 

McNair, David 136 

McQuie, Wm. L 131 

Mackay, James 9, 49- 

Maclot, John N., 

35, 115, 147, 177, 179 

Maclot, Louis A 178 

Macomb, General 62 

Madison, Jas., Prest. 

27, 65, 199, 209, 380, 402 
Magenis, A.L. ...... 163 

Magennis, 3*9 

Magness, Perry G 52- 

Mansfield, Lieut 96 

Mansfield, James 199' 

I Marks, Davis S 82- 



458 



INDEX SECOND. 



PAGE 

Marli, Veuve 422 

Marll, Michel . . \ . . .423 

Mathurin, Jno. B 423 

Martin, Capt 95 

Martin, John 81 

Martine, Doct 95 

Mason, Doct. Richard, 157, 164, 345 

Mason, Miss Mary T 402 

Mason, S. T. ...... 402 

Massey, William 392 

Masure, Doct. A 212 

Masure, Doct. Henry .... 183 
Maury, Evarist . 51, 135, 137, 144 

Maxwell, James 45 

Mears, Reuben 414 

Meek, Wm. E 382 

Meigs, Return J 2,6 

Menard, Col. Peter .... 268 
Menaugh, Hugh . . . 382, 383 
Merry, Doct. Sam'l .... 164 

Meddock & Duval 142 

Michaud, Antoine 189 

Michaud, Saugrain . . 190, 213 
Migneron, Solomon .... 155 
Miller, Gov'r John . 72, 201, 361 

Miller, Joseph 56 

Miller, Theodore . . . 382, 383 

Milligan, Richard 347 

Mills, 71 

Molaire, Jno. B 422 

Monestes, David 423 

Monroe, James, Pres't, 65, 146,147, 
194, 204, 260, 279, 357, 380 

Moore, Isadore 49 

Moore, Joseph , . 15 

Montague, Jos 423 

Morrison, Brothers . . 219, 220 
Morrison, William . . . .219 

Morrison, Robert 220 

Morrison, Wm. R 219 

Morrison, James 220 

Morrison, Jesse 220 

Morrison, Samuel 220 

Morrison, Guy 221 



PAGE 

Morisse, Julius 344 

Morton, George 351 

Moses, Doct. Gratz .... 385 
Mountjoy, John . . . 382, 383 
MuUanphy, John, 
147, 154, 197, 198, 263, 343, 378, 379 // 

Mullanphy, Bryan 198 

Mulllkin, Napoleon .... 357 

Mulligan, Hugh 349 

Morin, Antoine, -widow . . . 423 

Murphy, Joseph 49 

Murphy, Richard 50 

Murphy, Mr 70 

Musick, David 44, 92 

Musick, Thos. R 15 

Musick, Capt. Uri . . 347, 348 ' " 
Mussina, Zachariah .... 120 

Nagle, James 362 

Nailor, John 282, 283 

Nash, Alexander 140 

Neal, Reuben . . . 160, 141, 340 

Neeley, Wm 45, 50 

Nelson, Doct. A., 147, 118, 162, 153, 

160, 164, 286, 341, 342 

Nelson, Capt. John ... 73, 98 

Nevin, John 87 

Newman,Capt. Jonas .... 361 

Newman, Socrates 326 

Niel, Rev. Trancis . 80, 81, 150, 153 

Norvell, Joshua 105 

Nugent, Samuel . . . . 16, 17 
Nutall, 407 

O'Blenis, Robert Mac ... 77 

O'Fallon, Col. John 

55, 123, 266, 273, 274, 396 
O'Fallon, Doct. James . . .273 
O'Fallon, Major Benj. ... 97 

O'Hara, Wm. M 87, 157 

O'Neil, Hugh, Sr 67 

O'Neil, Hugh, Jr 355 

Ober, Samuel R. . . . 149, 151 
Orfurt, Capt 96 



LIST OF NAMES. 



459 



FAG£ 

'Orles, Veuve 422 

■Owens, Capt 91 

•Owings, David, 382 

Paddock, Gains, Sr 283 

Paddock, Orville 284 

Pain, J 115 

Paine, Thomas loo 

Palmer, Lieut 96 

Papin, Jos., Jr 183, 423 

Papin, J. M., Sr 9,211 

Tapin, Alexander L. . '. . . 342 
Papin, Hypolite L. . . . 184, 422 
Papin, P. Millicourt . . . .184 
Papin, SylvestreV. . . 184,422 

Papin, Peter D 185 

Papin, Theodore D'Artiny, 156, 125 

Papin, Sylvestre, Jr 184 

Papin, Doct. Timothy, . . .184 

Tapln, Theophile 185 

Papin, Leon J 185 

Papin, Alfred J 185 

Paschall, Nathaniel, 88, 89, 149, 275 
I'aschall, Henry G. & Geo. M. . 276 

Patterson, Henry L 264 

Patterson, Nathaniel .... 355 
Paul, Col. Ren« 114, 116, 124, 138, 
141, 144, 151, 167, 235, 422 
Paul, Gen'l Gabriel E. . 236, 237 
Paul, Capt. Edmond . . 237, 238 
Paul, Capt. Gabriel, 

144, 151, 153, 167, 235, 255, 422 
Paul, Nathan . . . 159, 362, 363 

Payne, Nathaniel 159 

Jayne, Thomas J. . . . 344, 404 

Payne, Edward C 403 

JPayne, Benj. Howard . . ■ 483 

Peale, 97 

Pease, Joseph S 212 

Peck, James H. . . 142, 163, 298 

Peck, Eev'd J. M 80 

& J. E. Welch . . 80 

Peebles, Thomas 134 

^erdreauvllle, Ken^ . . .80, 150 



PAGE 

Perkins, Capt. Joseph . . 9, 68 
Perry, Capt. Samuel, 

50,87,116,218, 238,250,365 
Penrose, Clement Biddle, 
31, 38, 40, 85, 101, 216, 217, 214, 218 

Penrose, Chas. B 216 

Penrose, James H. . . . 216 
Penrose, Clem. B., Jr. . 216, 217 

Perras 342 

Pettus, Wm. G 147 

Pettus, Wm. S 32, 66 

Pettis, Spencer .... 279, 361 
Pescay, Made. A., 

79, 118,' 124, 127, 134, 141, 256, 422 
Pettibone, Eufus . 150, 163, 297 

Pettibone, Levi 298 

Peugnet, Louis D 358 

Peugnet, Armand . . 183, 358 

Peugnet, Ernest 368 

Phillbert, Joseph 422 

Philipson, Jacob, 111, 115, 120, 228 
Philipson, Joseph, 

15, 89, 102, 135, 229 

Philipson, Simon 228 

. . 44 
. . 191 
381, 382 
. . 391 



Phillips, Samuel 
Pike, Capt. Zeb. M 
Pike, Major Zeb. 
Plernas, . . . 
Pilcher, Maj. Joshua, 

68, 87, 138, 254 
Pinckney, Chas. C. . . . 54, 65 

Pittman, John 44 

Pius the Seventh, Pope . . 35 
Polkowski, Edward S. . . . 259 
Pope, Doc. Chas. . . . 274 

Pope, Nathaniel 364 

Porter, 140 

Potter, John C 148 

Post, Justus 86 

Pratte, Bernard, Sr. 9, 12, 13, 14, 

22, 23, 38, 85, 86,111, 129, 181, 

234, 247, 358, 418, 420, 419, 421 

Pratte, B., Jun'r. 71, 181, 199, 211 

Pratte, Sylvestre 181 



460 



INDEX SECOND. 



PAGE 

Preble, Commodore .... 260 
Price, Capt. E. H., 

85, 86, 87, 109, 222, 269, 270 

Price, Frederick 270 

Price, Chris. M. . . 77, 129, 264 
Primm, Peter, 15, 18, 112, 126, 422 

Primo, Paul 423 

Provenchere, Pierre .... 422 
Provencli6, Jean Louis. . . . 422 
Putnam, Gen'l Rufus . . .109 

Quarles, Pryor 

72, 132, 189, 164, 204, 277, 281 
Quick, Benjamin 19 

Randolph, John, Sen'r & Jun'r 282 
Eanken, Hugh .... 67, 349 
Eanken, Robert . . 67, 349, 350 
Ranken, David .... 849, 350 
Rankin, James . . . . 9, 11, 19 

Ramsay, Charles 275 

Ramsey, Capt 82 

Ranney, Johnson 53 

Ravenscroft, James • .... 52 
Read, Doc. J. M. . . . 122, 164 
Rector, Genl. William, 

32, 69, 86, 397 
Rector, Col. Elias 

64, 156, 194, 264 
Rector, Capt. Stephen . . .77, 99 

Rector, Thos. C 246 

Reed, Capt 96 

Reilhe, Antoine 209 

Renouard, H 259 

Renard, Hlacinthe .... 422 
Renshaw, William, 

99, 146, 143, 163, 159 
Rencontre, Antoine .... 428 

Reilly, Henry 363 

Rearick, George 152 

Randolph, Doct 168 

Richards, Mrs.- Jane . . 79, 128 
Richards and Quarles .... 144 
Richardson, Daniel .... 51 



PAOE-. 

Riohardson, James .... 10 ' 
Riddick, Thos. P., 9, 13, 14, 19, 27, 

31, 48, 45, 68, 69, 72, 73, 89, 137,. 

138, 159, 188, 189, 254, 256, 396 

Rios, Capt 391 

Ride, Francois 423 

Ripley, Genl 62 

Robinson, Doct. Jno. H. 

191, 192, 382- 
Robinson, Doct. Gervais . . 182 
Robinson, gaugrain . . 192, 193 
Robinson, Ed. V. Hamilton . 192: 
Robidon, Joseph . . . 158, 423 
Robidou, Francois . . 158, 422- 
Rocheblave, Philip .... 422 

Rochford, Francis 67 

Rosatti, Bishop . . . 417, 418' 

Rosseau, Pierre 382 

Roos, Stephen 52- 

Roy, Antoine 21 

Eoy, Alexis 381,383 

Rozier, Ferd 233 

Rupley, Jacob 35 

Russell, William 197 

Russell, James 182- 

Russell, Col. M 94 

Russell, J. D 131 

Ryan, Laurence 67 

Sabourln, Pierre 423- 

Salols, Joseph 422 

Samuel, Jamison 393 

Samuel, Giles and John . . . 160 
Sanguinet, Chas., Sr., 

19, 166, 287, 288- 
Sanguinet, Chas., Jr. . . 142, 287 

Sanguinet, Mad'e 20 

Sarpy, Jno. B., 

99, 162, 182, 183, 401, 423 

Sarpy, Gregoire 422- 

Sarrade, John 155 

Saucier, Francis 70- 

Saugrain, Doc. A. 

112, 163, 265, 207, 406- 



LIST OF NAMES. 



i61 



PAGE 

^Saulnier, Eev. M. G 91 

Savlgne, Eev 59 

■ Sawyer, James, 

78, 79, 131, 133, 136, 138 

Say, Doc 97 

Schewe, Rev. Chris. F. ... 75 

: Scott, Andrew 45 

Scott, Hon. John, 28, 43, 45, 187, 

162, 210, 211, 280, 363 

. Scott, Moses .... 120, 140, 272 

' Scott, Lieut 95 

Scott, Gen'l Winfleld ... 62 

Searcy, Judge 411 

Seba, Jacob 221 

Septlivres, Isaac. . . . 115, 125 

• Sewell, Joseph 48 

Seymour, Mr 97 

Shackford, John 158 

Staler, Capt 96 

Shannon, Geo. W. . . . 46, 271 
iShaw, Henry . . 343, 344, 404 

Shaeffer, Daniel 281 

Shepard, Elihu H 360 

Shrader, Capt 90 

Shreve, Capt. H. M. 

15, 117, 119, 139 

ShuU, 129 

Shurlds, Judge Henry . . .163 

Sibley, Geo. C 204 

Simonds, John 159 

Simoneau, Veuve 423 

Simpson, Doc. Robert, . 77, 85, 
86, 87, 125, 126, 128, 132, 
133, 139, 164, 241, 244, 341 

Sire, Jos. A 180 

Smith, Henry H 48 

Smith, Oliver C 77 

Smith, Samuel 81 

.=Smith, Patrick .... 380, 383 
Smith, Brig. Gen'l .... 94 
Smith, Cap't. Thos. F. 96, 165, 395 

-Smith, Gen'l A. J 244 

Smith, Christian 132 

uSmith, Doc. Edwin B. . . . 197 



PAGB 

. . 243 
135, 138 
263, 244 
. . 86 
. . 86 

40, 246, 247 
88, 102 
247, 248 
. . 353 
, 225, 434 
. . 96 
. . 160 

231, 346, 345 
. . 393 
382, 383 
. . 48 
. . 420 



Smith, Doc. Ellsworth 
Smith & Spicer . . 
Smith, Charles Bland 
Smith, John B. N. . 
Smith, Theophilus W 
Smith, William 
Smith, 'William . . 
Smith, Jno. Brady 
Smith, J. J. & Co. . 
Snelling, Col. Josiah 
Staniford, Capt. 
Stark, William . . 
Spalding, Josiah, 163, 
Spalding, Dunham 
Sparks, John 
Spencer, Robert 
St. Cir, Mad'e A. 
St. Cyr, Hyacinthe 

St. Vrain, . 

Solomon, Samuel 
Soulard, Antoine 
Soulard, James G. 
Soulard, Henry G. 
South, Samuel . 
Steele, John . . 
Steele, Andrew . 
Stephenson, Col. 
Stivers, Capt. Chas 
Stewart, Robert 
Stewart, D. . . 
Stevenson, Matthew 
Stoddard, Major Amos 
Stout, Freegift . 
Stokes, William 

Stimpson, . 

Strader, Otho . 
Strader, John . 
Strother, Geo. F 

Stubblefleld, 

Stuart, Alex'r, Judge, 

201, 244, 282, 379 
Sullivan, John C. ... 11,128 

Sullivan, Patrick 81 

Sullivan, William . . 9, 11, 12, 20 



. 117 
19, 378 
9, 186, 423 
225, 423 
186, 373 
. 205 
. 115 
12, 19 
. 289 



. 56 
. 129 
. 269 

1,* 
382, 383 
. 68 
. 151 
, 3, 6, 7 
. 44 
163, 357, 358 
. 121 



462 



INDEX SECOND. 



PAGE 

Sumner, Mr 410 

Sutton, John L 852 

Sutton, James C 352 

Swerlngen, Jas. T. . . 241, 363 
Swift, Lieut 97, 98 

Talbot, James 51 

Talcott, Lieut. 96 

Tandy, Doct. David C. . . . 193 

Tandy, Robert B 393 

Tannehill, Wilkins .... 59 

Taylor, Clay 132 

Taylor, Thomas Mark . . .327 

Taylor, Wm. C 267 

Taylor, Thos. M 266 

Taylor, Nathaniel P 276 

Taylor, Henry 352 

Tesson, Michael, 

89, 127,130, 131, 154, 258, 422 

Tesson, Francis 422 

Tesson, Edward P 258 

Tesson, Pierre 259 

Tharp, Wm 102 

Tholozan, John E 287 

Thomas, James . . . . 19, 67 

Thomas, Richard S 40 

Thomas, Judge Jesse B. . . 373 
Thompson, John W. 19, 66, 77, 124 
Thomson, Henry A. . . . . 178 

Thomson, Chas 269 

Thruston, Chas. M 273 

Timon, James .... 154, 348 

Tiraon, John 67, 348 

Timon, Owen V 349 

Todsen, Doc. Geo. P. 

142, 154, 164, 342 

Tompkins, Danl. D 65 

Tompkins, George, 18, 118, 129, 270 
Tracy, Edward . . 149,159,843 

Tracy, Alfred 300 

Tracy, Edward N 184 

Tracy, Augustus 182 

Trudeau, Zeno . . . 391, 412 
Truteau, John B 9, 423 



PAGES 

Tucker, Judge N. B. 245, 278, 282- 
Tucker, J. St. George . . .282 

Turner, Wm 76, 77 

Turner, Henry C 260- 

Tuttle, 153, 154 

Tyler, Wm. C 276 

UUoa, Count 39,1 

Vall6, Ner6 168- 

Valois, Francis 422 

Van Buren, President . 254, 393 
Vanderburg, Henry . . 1, 5, 254 
Vanhirtem, A. C. . . . 80, 146 
Vasquez, Veuve Benito . . . 423 

Vasquez, Baronet 383- 

Vasquez, Joseph 422 

Vasquez, Antoine 422 

Vincent, Antoine 9- 

Vinton, Lieut 427 

Von Phul, William .... 265 
Von Phul, Henry, 

69, 89, 126, 145, 265 

Voorhees, John 89 

Vos, Mr. and Mrs 76 

Wahrendorff, Charles, 

143, 149, 158, 159, 231, 364, 343 

Walker, Alex'r S 50' 

Walker, Doc. David V., 18, 101, 
125, 128, 132, 164, 196, 240, 241, 276 

Walker, John K 419 

Walsh, Edward 263 

Walsh, Patrick .... 286, 287 

Walters, Joab 52- 

Ward, John .... 50, 68, 69 

Warner, Jabez 71, 77 

Wash, Judge Robert, 
18,20, 69, 77, 123, 162, 196, 241, 242 
Washburne, Tabor .... 71 
Washington, Geo. . . . 374, 375 

Waugh, James C 184 

Wayne, Gen'l Anthony . . . 195 
Watson, James 201 



LIST OF NAMES. 



46a 



PAGE 

Webster, Rezin . . 16, 71, ill 

Welch, Rev'd J. E 413 

West, Nancy 1 16, 17 

Wetmore, Alphonso .... 96 
Wheeler, Amos, 

156, 164, 163, 231, 347 

Wheeler, Edward T 351 

Wheeler, Henry M 351 

Whelpley, David 352 

Wherry, Capt. Mackey, 33, 90; 223 

Wherry, Jos. A 224 

Wherry, Mackey M 224 

Wherry, Boone 224 

White, Frederick . . . 156, 163 

White, Joseph & Co 152 

Whiteley, Capt 19 

Whistler, Major John . . .393 

Widdows, Peter 430 

Wiggin, Joseph 154 

Wiggins, Stephen R. . . 139,145 

Wiggins, Sam'l R 159 

Wiggins, William 322 

Wiggins, Samuel B 323 

Wilcox, Capt • . 96 

Wilcox, Jeremiah . . . 183, 259 

Wilgus, James 352 

Wilkinson, Gen'l James, 2, 4, 5, 6, 
12, 20, 190, 222, 227, 392, 406 



PAGE 

Wilkinson, Benjamin, 

15, 89, 109, 269 
Wilkinson, Walter .... 86 
Wilkinson, Lieut. James B. . 382- 

Willi, Samuel 347 

Williams, Thompson .... 148 
Williams, Doct. Joseph . . . 164 

Wilson, Jno. D 254 

Wilson, Major George . 40, 261 

Wilson, Nicholas 48- 

Wilson, John 383 

Wilson, John H 194 

Wilt, Abraham 261 

Wilt, Christian, 

77, 85, 86, 102, 121, 153, 253, 261 
Wilt, Andrew . . 153, 253, 261 

Winthrop, John S 168 

Wood and Dunn 117 

Woods, Andrew 68 

Wright, Major Thos. . . 87, 196 
Wright, D. B 163 

Yelzer, Frederick 122 

Yousti, Emelien .... 9, 20 
Young, John 325- 

Zenoui, John B 63. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Portrait of Fred. L. Billon. 

Henry Gratiot's Country Residence (1810)v 

First Market House (1812). 

\Vm. C. Carr's Residence (1815). 

Thos. F. Riddick's Residence (1818). 

Maj. Wm. Christy's Residence (1818). 

.JoH>j P. Cabanne's Country Homestead (1819). 

Bk^nett's Mansion House Hotel (1819). 

Missouri Hotel (1820). 

KiiiST Bkick Church and College (1820). 

(465) 



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/ 



/ 



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/ 



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'^^^^