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F 157D2^C73" ""'""'"^ "-Ibrary 
^°W,Mraap.,.,!'.iSar.aph|cal encyclopedia 



3 1924 028 852 668 



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Cornell University 

The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 


Biographical Encyclopedia 





Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens, 

and Many of the Early Scotch-Irish 

and German Settlers. 





Publishers. , i 



Daily Telegraph Print, 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

.1,1 Ml '1^^^' 


A. H. W. 

L. E. c. m. 


There is no more exalted feature in the history of any locality than that 
which relates to the individual— whether he has passed from off the stage of action 
a century ago, or whether we cross his path daily in the intercourse with our 
fellow-men. It is unfortunately true that while we may delight in the record of 
the lives of the former, and regret that there is not more known of what they 
were and what they accomplished in their day and generation, the almost cynical 
sneer comes as we glance over the meagre data which our fellow-citizens have 
gathered up to send down the paths of futurity as their legacy to the biography 
of the present. We M'ish it were otherwise, that just such a volume as the 
Publisher has in this instance essayed to give us would be as thoroughly appreciated 
as the descendants of those herein named will in the days to come. Sneer, as some 
may, it is a noble undertaking — this preservation of the narrative of tlie life work 
of the many, although humble and meagre they may perchance be. No two 
persons reach the same mark, or accomplish identical work, and yet every one 
has his mission to fill. To us who are living near the close of the nineteenth 
century, and have learned to revel in the researches into the past, the facts herein 
gathered should have a charm. The present will soon belong to the past, and 
thus, as the years roll on apace, the very biographical sketches here contained will 
be more highly treasured. We believe the Publisher has proven faithful to the 
trust, and the people of Dauphin County will find a fair record of its people. 
If the sketches of some who ought to have a place here are wanting, it is 
certainly not the fault of the Publisher — it is that of the individual. The former 
has sought to give a representative work; it is the neglect of the latter if this 
is not the case. 


As introductory to this volume, a brief resume of the history of the county 
is given, with other data nowhere else to be found, and that feature is peculiar 
to this work. The genealogical information, meagre in some respects, will be of 
exceeding value to those in search of the records of their ancestry. And, although 
some objections may be made to the orthography of many surnames, yet we give 
all as we find them in official documents. 

In conclusion, as most of the biographies were submitted to those interested, 
errors of fact or date ought not to fall upon the Publisher, whom we firmly 
believe has used his best endeavors to give his subscribers a perfectly reliable as 
well as valuable book. 

W. H. E. 

In presenting the Biographical Encyclopedia of Dauphin County to its 
patrons, the Publishers acknowledge, with gratitude, the encourngement and support 
their enterprise has received, and the willing assistance rendered in enabling them 
to surmount the many unforeseen obstacles to be met with in the production of 
a work of such magnitude. To procure the material for its compilation, official 
records were carefully examined, newspaper files searched, manuscripts, letters and 
memoranda were sought, and a corps of competent solicitors visited every portion 
of the county and secured ^information direct from the parties concerned. Great 
care was taken to have the sketches as free from error as possible, but we do not 
hold ourselves responsible for mistakes, as we charge nothing for the insertion of 
any printed matter contained in the book. In the compilation of the biographies 
we were ably assisted by William H. Egle, M. D., State Librarian of Pennsylvania, 
and who is the author of the introductory chapter headed " Historical Review of 
Dauphin County;" Rev. A. S. Dudley, D. D., of Cincinnati, Ohio; Harry I. 
Huber, of Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., and Miss R. H. Schively, of Chambers- 
burg, the latter being one of the most accomplished literary scholars of the 
Cumberland Valley. 

J. M. RUNK & CO. 



Historical Review of Dauphin County, 1 

The Scotch-Irish Immigration, 1 

The Early German Settlers, 3 

John Harris, Trader and Pioneer, 7 

Early Assessment List : 

North End of Paxtang, 1750, : 11 

Narrows of Pax tang, 1751, 11 

West Side of Paxtang, 1751, 11 

South End of Paxtang, 1751, 11 

Return of Paxtang, 1756, 12 

Return of Paxtang, 1758, 13 

Paxtang Continental Tax, 1779, , 14 

Return of Middletown, 1779, 15 

Return, Upper Paxtang, 1779, 15 

Return, Upper District, Wiconisco, 1770, 16 

Return, Located Tracts, Wiconisco, 1779, 16 

Return, West End of Derry, 1756, 16 

Return, East Side Derry, 1758, 19 

Return, West Side Derry, 1758, 19 

Return, Derry Township, 1769, 19 

Return, Derry Township, 1770, 20 

Return, Frederick Town, 1770, .... 20 

Return, East End of Hanover, 1750, 20 

Return, East End of Hanover, 1756, 21 

Return, West End of Hanover, 1756, 21 

Hanover Assessment, 1769, 21 

Hanover Assessment, 1782, 22 

Leading Events to War for Independence 24 

The Paxtang Boys' Affair, 28 

The Hanover Resolutions of 1774, 32 

Historic Resume, 1785-1896, 33 

The " Buckshot War," 37 

The County Centennial, 40 

Origin of Dauphin County Names of Places, 42 


Early Settlers in the " Upper End :" 

How the Early Settlers Lived, *. . 45 

Settlement of Uniontown, 46 

Settlement of Wiconisco, 46 

Old Settlers of Lykens, ' 46 

The Early History of Gratz,, 47 

Early Families in the " Upper End," 48 

The Lykens Valley Coal Development, 52 

Andrew Lycans, 55 

Genealogical Notes, 53 

Some Early Dauphin County Families : 

Family of the Founder of Harrisburg, 77 

Allisons, of Derry, 85 

Balsbaugh Family, 86 

Baums, of Derry, 87 

Brubaker and Meetch, 88 

Clark, of Clark's Valley, ■ ■ • 93 

Cochrans, of Paxtang, 94 

Crawfords, of Hanover, 96 

Enders Family, 98 

Fahnestock Family, 99 

Fetterhoff Family, ■ 106 

Fox Family, of Derry, 106 

Geddes, of Derry, ^ HO 

Geiger Family, HI 

Harris Family, of Derry, 112 

Hayes, of Derry, 114 

Hershey Family, 115 

Hoffman, of Lykens Valley, Hg 

Marcus Hulings and his Family, T18 

Hummel Family, 121 

Kelly, of Londonderry, 124 

Landis Family, 128 

LaRue Family, ". 128 

Leebrick Family, 129 

Lehman Family, 131 

Lingle Family, 132 

McClures, of Paxtang and Hanover, 133 

Mitchell Family, 134 

Nissley Family, 185 

Renick, of Paxtang, 138 

Sawyer Family, 138 

Shelly, of Shelly's Island, 139 

Simpsons, of Paxtang, 142 

Sloans, of Hanover, 142 

Stewart, of Paxtang, 145 

Stewarts, of Hanover, 146 



Umholtz Family, 149 

Weise Family, of Lykens Valley, ... 149 

Wiggins Family, • • 151 

Youngs, of Hanover, 152 

Some Industries of Harrisburg : 

Pennsylvania Steel Works, 153 

Chesapeake Nail Works, 155 

Central Iron Works, 155 

Harrisburg Foundry and Machine Works, 156 

W. 0. Hickok Manufacturing Company, 157 

Lalance & Grosjean Manufacturing Company, 157 

Harrisburg Manufacturing Company, 158 

Paxton and Steelton Flouring Mills Company, 158 

Woven Wire Mattress Company, 159 

Lykens Valley Coal Trade, 159 

Plummelstown Brownstone Company, 159 

American Tube and Iron Company, 160 

Paxton Furnaces, • 160 

Shoe Industries, 161 

Biographical Sketches, 165-1196 


Abercombie, Wyman E 1051 

Adams, Ricbard 492 

Adajms, Thomais 538 

Adams, William J 487 

Aginiew, Samuel, M. D 361 

Ailiiswarth, Samuel, 194 

Albright, Mrs. Prances, 213 

Aldilngieir, Frederick B 617 

Aldimger, John, 616 

Alditager, William C 616 

Alexandeir, Benjamin, 620 

Alexamdra, Thomas, 1100 

AUemau, Henry 773, 816 

Allemam, Jolhm C'hostian 446 

Alleman, John Sylvaniia, . ..503, 446 

AUemam, John 446 

Allemam, Michael, 816 

AUemam, Midbuael R 1018 

Alleman, Samuel 446 

Allen, George, 523 

AUen^ Joihn. M. 1143 

Alien, Waiiam F 1146 

Allison, John, 85 

Alricks, Hamilton, 426 

Alricte, Hermiamis, 426 

Alriebs, James 196 

Alithouise, Reuben H 636 

Allw-ine, John H 929 

AUwlme, Jomais, 1 005 

Allwime, Joseph, 1005 

Altmaier, Peter A., 585 

Alviaird, Jacob, 1180 

Anderson, Rev. James 260 

Ajfldieirson, Samuel .T., 325 

Apip, Framois, 926 

Armioir. WilliaTO C'rawford 1193 

Armpriester, George W., 538 

Arnold, Oalvin M., M. D 399 

Arnts, .Jacob, 1130 

Attick, Damdel J., 294 

Attick, Daniel, 1015 

Attick, Jacob A., 1014 

Attick, OHwr 566 

Auchmuty, Robert, M. D. 354 

Auchmuty, Robert 354 

Auchmuty, Dr. Robert, 49 

Aumgst, Joim, 788 

Awl, Franciis Asbuiry, 258 

Awl, .Jacob, 174 

Awl, .Jacob Michael, 214 

Awl, John Wesley, 259 

Ayres, .John, 185 

Ayres, Samuel, 171 

Ayires, William 171 

Ayres, William, 17, 212 

Babb, Charles H 1033 

Bacajstow, Franklin P., 699 

Bacastow, John 699 

Bach, Henry A 615 

Baclh, Tillmam, 615 

Bachmam, Samuel S 661 

Bacbenstoe, Olaytom H.,. . .665, 458 

Bacom, Darnel, 543 

Bailey, Ohiarles I>. Jr 460 

Bailey, Oharies Lukens 527 

Bailey, Edward 420 

Bailey, Hamilton 567 

Bailey, Joseph, 527 

Bailey, Gen. Joel, 290 

Baker, Cbairles H., 820 

Baker, Charles P 1023 

Baker, Frederick, 470 

Baker, Geoi'ge W., D. 13. S., . . . 393 

Baker, George W., 470 

Baker Henry 874 

Baker, Bemr J., 729 

Baker, Jacob, 730 

Baker, Jacob, Sr., 878 

Baker, John J., 862 

Baker, Jobo M., 929 

Baker, Rev. Leroy Franklin, . . 280 

Baker, Matthias, G., 578 • 

Baker, W. C, M. D 376 

Baker, W. C, M. D 671 

Ball, Joseph , 413, 407 

Ball. William, 407 

Balsbaug-h, Christiam Hei-vey, . .1152 

Balsbaugb, George 86 

Balsbaugh, George, 1035 

Bailsbaugh, HeuTy, 821 

Balsbaugh, Hiram W., 681 

Balsbaugb, John 821 

Balsbaugh, John H., 681 

Balsbaugh, Peter, 87 • 

Balsbaugh, Solomon, 821 

Balsbaugh, Uriah 691 

Balsbaugh, Valentine, 86 

Bamider, Augustus 822 

Baimnan, George, 577 

Barber. Spencer F 1004 

Bare, Diller, 678 

Barnes, .Tea-emSaih S 536 

Bamiet, .John J 1028 

Barnett, John, 186 

Bairringer, Jacob P 577 

Baee'hoire, Benjamin 699 

Basehore. Geoirge R99 

Baiskin, George B., 526 

Balskin, Oliver P., 1036 

B-aiskin. Wiiliam, 526 

Bauer, Frank .7 1179 

Baum, Daniel 87 

Baum. Michiael 770 

Baum^.' Michael S., 77 ) 

Bay. J. G. Mc 535 

Bayard, Edward 861 

Bayard, Henry M., 860 

Bayard. .Ta.mes A 860 

Bay.ard, .Tosenh S 861 

Bealorr, David ^ ]104 

Bealor, Max 1104 

Beaird, Aramon W., "60 

Beard. Charles P. 844 

Beard, Robert 1089 

Beard, Samuel 769 

Bea/tes. Edward IC, 772 

Beatty, George, 205 

Beatty, James 1 ''S 

Beaver, John L 974 

Beck, Julius Augustus, 254 

Beck, David 497 

Beck, David M 497 

Beck, John 640 

Becker, Henry 531 

Belbmi, Jacob, 681 

Beinbower, Adam, 1035 

Beinihower, J. S., 1036 

Bell, David D 1149 

Bell, George H., 645 

BeU, John, 479 

Bell, Thornton A., 579 

Bell, Samuel M., 863, 877 

Bell, William., 214 

Bell, William 852 

Bell, William A., . . . ; .849 

Bellman, Samuel, 1140 

Bender, Hamilton, 967 

Bender, Jacob, 409 

Bender, Jacob M., 409 

Bend-eor, William, 1083 

Bent, Luther Stedman, 253 

Bent, Winslow B 1028 

Bentley, George RoUand 549 

Benton, Rev. Gilbert Liguori, . . 998 

Bergner, Goorge, 447 

Bergner, Charles Henry, 447 

Bergstresser, Alexander W., . . 484 

Bergstresser, William J 577 

Bergner, George, 338 

Bemheisel, Luther, 601 

Bemheisel, Peter, 408 

Bembeisel, Peter, 406 

Berry, Robert, 962 

Best, Austin, 380 

Best, Martin 380 

Bertram, William 168 

Biekley, .John H., 524 

Bickley, William H., Sr 524 

Biekley, William H., Jr., 524 

Bigelow, Luipiiis S., 521. 554 

Bishler, Dr. H. C, 915 

Bitting, John 940 

Bixler, Cornelius, 741 

Bixler, John, 741 

Black, Alfred T 329 

Black, Andrew Krause, 249 

Black, Homer, 475 

Black, John, 655 

Slack, Rev. Samuel 260 

Blair, William, M. D., 388 

Blanning, William, 1191 

Blessing, Absalom, 693 

Blessing, Frank D 693 

Blough, Bertram F., 559 

Blough, Cyrus, 559 

Blough, George, 930 

Blough, Wilson R 559 

Blust, Dr. Joseph 313 

Blyer, Robert E., 524 

Blyter. Simon 903 

Boias, Daniel D., 89, 477 

Boas, Frederick 207 

Boas, Col. Frederick Krause,. 236 

Boas, Henry D., 482 

Boas, Jacob, 207 


Boas, William Diok, 227 

Bodmer, Edward, 818 

Boiestoire, David H 1145 

Boieshoffie, Thiomas, 1115 

Bogimer, Riley, 885 

Boll Uhas. S 5841/2, 563 

Boll, Johin W 564 

Bolton, Levi 1149 

Boimbaugh, Aaroni, 226 

Bomibaug'h, Abrajbam, 199 

Bodniberger, John Cauff man, . . 239 

Bamberger, Jacob M., 597 

Bomgardner, Jerome, 944 

Bomgardner, John, 706 

Bond, S. Weidler, 772 

Bonawitz, Jonathan 907 

Bonawitz, Jonathan, 740 

Bomawitz, W. E., M. D... .755, 740 

Book, David N 930 

Books, Joihn 764 

Books, Jonas, 764 

BoosM-, Bphraini, 780 

Booser, Henry, 642 

Booser, Henry, 780 

Booseir, Henry 1033 

Borland, Joim A 773, 804 

Borland, William, 804 

Bowiers, Abraham, 668 

BoweiTB, Ghiarles E., M. D., 803 

Bowers, Edwin, 565 

Bowens, G-eorge Washington. .1059 

Bowers, Jacob 1035 

Bowers, Martin H 384 

Bowers, Moses K., M. D 384 

Bowman, Christian 592 

Bowman, Christian, 966 

Bowman, Prank S., 1055 

Bowman, .Tohn, 592 

Bowman, Tohn F. 199 

Bowman, John P. 49 

Bowman, JohIn J., 1053 

Bowman, John K., 595 

Bowman, Devi B 1055 

Bowman, Samnel 592 

Bowman, Simon Sallade 1052 

Bowman, Snmraer S., 1186, 917 

Bowman, William 966 

Bowman, William H., 916 

Boyd, Capt. Adam 183 

Boyer, David A., 1 155 

Boyer, .Tosiali 1113 

Boyer, Jacob 1034 

Boyer, Wesley, 1 1 30 

Braokeniridge, Alfrpd 464 

■Rrackenridge. Dr. -Tohn 464 

Brandt, Abraham L 661 

Brandt, T/evi 495 

Brandt, B. P 806 

Breckenmaker, Abram K., . . . 569 

Breckenmaker. P. Dilik, 569 

Brenneraan, Adam, 539 

Brenneman, Henry 532 

Brenneman, .Tncmb D 591 

Brennemani. William H 532 

Bressler. John S., 721 

Bretz, Benjamin 48 

Brice, Innis. M. D 352 

BriefhftbiH, Davii'1 W 1147 

Brighitbill, Henderson P 680 

Brierhtbill, .Jacob > 457 

RrightbiH, Oscar K., 457 

Brightbill, Samuel 707 

Briggs, John Hanna, 236 

Brinser, P. 771 

Brinser, .Tonas 772 

Brinser, Rev. S. H 762 

Brinser, Solomon C, 770 

Brinser, Simon, 771 

Brinton, Caleb, 543 

Brinton. Harry A., R43 

Brown, George D., A.M., M.D., 9.38 

Brown, Gone H., 713 

Brown. James Morrison, M.D., 373 
Brown, John 713 

Brown, John, 168 

Brown, Mercer, M. D., 361 

Broiwn, Rev. William B 373 

Brown., Samuel S 1150 

Brown, William 167 

Brua, Peter, 199 

Brabaker, Charles J., 329 

Brubaker, Daniel 728 

Brubaker, George M., 1095 

Brubaker, Henry, 329 

Brubaker, Jacob, 329 

Brubaker, Jacob, 91 

Brubaker, John, 88 

Brubaker, John B., 728 

Brubaker, Joniathan 728 

Bi-ubaker, Joseph, 88 

Brubaker, Seih 662 

Buck, Elias B 703 

Buck, Solomioini J., 1144 

Buck, Solomon C, 1146 

Bucher, John Conrad, 217 

Bucher, John Jacob, 191 

Budd, WUliam, 1189 

Bu'dd, Capt Richard 1185, 917 

Buehler, George, 202 

BueUer, Henry 202 

Buehler, Jacob, 570 

Buehler, Martin H., 556 

Buehler, William 231 

Buffington, Benjamin 48 

BuflBngton, Cyrus P. 905 

Buffington, DamM 897 

Bnffington, HJeniry Edwin, .1158, 899 

Buiffington, Isaialh, T 1106, 1097 

Buffinigiton, Solomon 1106 

Buffington, William 906 

' Buggy, Midnajei, 1186 

Buggy, Johin P., 1186 

Buntz, Rev. Sltephien 916 

Burd, James 173 

Burke, Miohael 218 

Burkholder, Jacob, 632 

Burkholder, Josialh, . . . 698 

Burkholder, Michael K., 693 

Burbholder, Williajm, 631 

Burkhoder, William, Jr., 632 

Buser, H. Wells, 328 

Buser, Iraj, 822 

Buser, Jacob, 328 

Buser, John K., 821 

Buser, Milton, 822 

Buser, Otis S 822 

Buser, Otis S., 497 

Butler, James, 562 

Butler, Wiilliam H., 644 

Buttorff, Jonathan, 649 

Bnttorff, Harvey Y 649 

Oalder, A. Russell 995 

Caldei-, Ool. Howaird L., . 512%, 459 

Oalder, James, 266 

CaJidieir, William 125, 245 

Oalder, William, 208 

CaWer, William James, 514 

Caley, William E 705 

Oaley, Winfield S 705 

Oameron, Col. James, 225 

Cameron, James Donald 417 

Cameron, John, 217 

Oamieron, Gen. Simon, . . . .611, 219 

Oameron, William Bnia, 430 

Oairapbell, Harry Huse, 995 

Oarlile, Alexander W., 548 

Oarmany, Chajrles Augu'stus, . . 823 

Carter, William Justin 461 

Caissiel, August, 1155 

Cassiel, Otoristiani, 1153 

OasBel, David, 1151 

Oassel, David B., 671 

OaBsel, Elias. 1143 

Oassel, John B 1149 

Cassel, Joihn W., 930 

Oassel, Joseph^ 787 

Oassel, Martini S 930 

Oassel, Michael H., 788 

Oassel, William 708 

Cassel, Uriah, 931 

GaJtrell, William 206 

Oauim, Edward L., 502 

Oaveny, Reuben, 320 

Caveny, Samuel Brady, 320 

Ohallis, Jones J. 883 

Chandler, Greorge P 509 

Ohamberiin, James I. 443 

Chandler, .Jonathan, 536 

Chandler, William G., 536 

Chester, Thonaas Morris 256 

Christman, Ohas. D., M. D 1173 

Ohubb, Henry, 726 

Chubb, Samnel H 726 

dark, James, 500 

Olairk, J. Nelson, M. D,. .557, 397 

Clark, Williami, 93 

Clark, William, 93 

Clay, Daniel W., 950 

Clemens, Peter H., 626 

Clemens, Reirben, 952 

Olemson, Amos 511 

Olemson, Lloyd Colder 511 

CllemBon, L. W 866 

Olokey, Joseph, 139 

Clyde, John Joseplh, 337 

Coble, Abraham B 686 

Coble, Amos G., ; 659 

Ooble, Aaron C, M. D 847, 719 

Coble, Andrew .• 775 

Coble, Isaac H., 822 

Coble, Jacob 822 

Cochran, G-eorge, 95 

Cochran, Joihn, 94 

Cochran, Jotin, 95 

Cochran, William, 205 

Oocklin, Dr. O. C, 389 

Cooldin, E. H., 389 

Oocklin, Jacob, 389 

Coder, John G., 411 

Codei', Simon, 411 

Oof rod, Waiiam R., 878 

Coleman, Charles, 898 

Coleman, John C, 897 

Compton, Siamuel R., 582 

Oonnely, James 772 

OiMirad, Jacob 870 

Cook, I. Elmer, M. D., 371 

Cook, Thomas E. 371 

Cooper, Adam, 49 

Oooper, Adam, 1117 

Oooper, Alford L 628 

Cooper, Williami. 1117 

Coover, Eli H., M. D 395, 365 

Coover, Prederiok Welty, 379 

Coovei-, Dr. H. Ross 386 

Coover, Joseph Henry, M. D.,. 368 

Coover, Jacob 365 

Oorbett, Joseph P., 875 

Comman, WUison S., 611, 610 

Cordeis, Henffy, 1078, 737 

Cotterel, .John W., 405 

C^tterel, John 405 

OoufEer, Samnel, 827, 978 

Oowden, Prederick H., 541 

C/owden, James, 178 

Co'Wden, Col. Ja-mes, 542 

Oowden, John Wallace, 238 

Coiwden, Matthew 542 

Cowtdan, Matthew B 503, 327 

Cowden, William Kerr 246 

Cox, Joihn Bowers 239 

Cox, Col. Cornelius, 185 

Cox, D. W., 480 

Cox, John, 185 

Craig, L. P 855 

Crain, Richard Moore 203 

Crane, Irvin J., 499 

Crajwford', James, 97 

Crawford. Robert 96 

Cratzer. Prank B 732 

Crist, Dr. JoBiaii B 691 


Crouch, Ed-ward, 193 

OoTic'li, James, 174 

Oryder, Moses G., 766 

Crook, Oabriel, 317 

Crook, William', 317 

Crook,- Oapt. William H., 317 

Oroll, Atmer 811 

CroU, Edward, 811 

Oroll, G^or^e L 811 

Oroll, John 811 

CroH, William A., 811 

Oram, Alfred, 967 

Orum, Amos, 781 

Criim, Daniel 1146 

Orum, David, 1144 

Oram, EdwaTd L 502 

Cram, Edward M., 782 

Orum, Sarah Jane, 798 

OurtchaJl, Eichard, 861 

Gulp, Jotm F., M. D . 978 

Ouimbter, J. H 719, 730 

Ourry, Joh-n B., 675 

Cum'bler, Williajm, 730 

DagneU, John Ridhard, 948 

Daniels, Samders, 627 

Diamiel, Uriaih H., 898 

Darie, James M., 1144 

Dasher, HiTam D., 813 

Daslher, Peter, 813 

Dajugherty, Daniel, 506 

Daugherty, HJamlet, 506 

Daffies, Neiwtou H., 417 

Davidson, Johto H., 471 

Davidson, William W., 471 

DaiViis, Ohas. 35, 1192 

Davis, Cbaa-les S 1024 

Day, William Howard, 308 

Day, Charles W., 1059 

Douglass, William 601 

Deckard, Henry 808 

Deckard, Israel, 812 

Deckard, Dr. I. K 812 

DacfcaTd, Jacob B. 813 

DeckaiTd, Levi L., 809, 808 

DeHaveo, JehTi, 407 

DeBaven, Natiban, 407 

Deibler, Daniel J., 916 

Dejbler, George 904 

Deibler, George A 916 

Deibler. John W., 904 

Deiss, William, 399 

Demming. Ool. Henry C, . . . . 314 

Demmy. David 1141 

Demy, Simon S. 765 

Demiy, Jolhn,. 765 

Deaison, George R., 878 

Derr, Anthony, 498 

Deshong, James B., 405 

Deshiong. Rev. John W 405 

Detter, David F 919 

Detwedler, John Shelly 250 

Detweiler, Meade D., 485, 451 

Detwpiler, Samuel 451 

DeVenney, J. 0., M. D., 387 

DeWalt, Ferdinand, 879 

DeWitt.Dr. William RaidclifEe, 358 
DeWitt, William Radclifee, ... 262 

DeToe, Rev. Du+iher, 285 

Dickinson, Bayajid T 1036 

DieWn, Henry, 769 

Diffenderfer. Jonah G., 992 

Dill, Irvin W., 567 

Dill, Hiairy A., 585 

Dimler. Philip 1004 

Ditty, Henry, 732 

Ditty, Joseph Franklin, 1057 

Ditty, Jo^ua, . 732 

Dock, George 364 

Dock. William, 422 

Domihieim, Prof. Henry G., 1096 

Doirniheim, Rudolph H„ 1096 

Douglhlerty, Joh,n W., 993 

Do\Tgih«rty, Dennis, 229 

Downey, John 194 

Downs, John B 994 

Douglierty, Philip 229 

Drake, Henry, 510 

Dressel, Christ A., 608 

Dubendorf, Samuel D., 913 

D'uey, Simon, 31] 

Duff, Edmund, 368 

Duff, William L., M. D., 368 

Duff, Jonathan, 368 

Duncan, Dauphin L., 622 

Duncan, .Joseph, 1161 , 899 

Dunoain, William, q29i, 021 

Dunkle, J. A., 983 

Dunikel, Samuel F., 559 

Earle, Thomas, 1027 

Early, Aaron Daniel Soth 826 

Early, Christian 700 

Early, George, 700 

Early, John, 285 

Early, Israel, 700 

Eaa-ly, Thomas, 285 

Early, William 286 

Early, Zimanerman, 190 

Earnest, Franklin 1037 

Earnest, Simon F., M. D., 931 

Ebersoie, Joihn P., • 775 

Ebersole, Levi, 931 

Eberie, William F 554 

Eby, Christian, 689 

Ehy, Bphraim C, 238 

Eby, Henry B 662 

Eby, Michael '. . . 689 

Eby, Michael 688 

Eby, Hon. Maurice 321 

Eby, Jacob Ruipley 238 

Edwards, Olivei-, 248 

Bgle, Casper 173 

Egle, WiUiam Heniry, 161, 338 

Egle, Valentine, 187 

Einstein, Edgar V 595 

Einstein, Joseph V., 595 

Einstein, M. G 595 

Elder, David D., 1117 

Elder, James 249 

Elder, John, 169 

Elder, Joshua 580 

Elder, Matthew B 580 

Elder, Robert, 182 

Elder, Robert, 169 

Elder, Robert 1118 

Elder, ThomaiS 391 

Ellenbergeir. J. Wesley M. D., . 381 

EllMaker, Frank 516 

Enders, A mos E., 642 

Enders, Philip Christian, 98 

Enders. Oo'Tneliu's, 759 

Engle, Dnniel, 823 

Enders, Charles W., 1114 

Enders, Edward A 525 

Bndiers, George W. D 737, 7.S5 

End-ers, George W., 742 

Enders, Henry 751 

Enders, Isaaic F., 748 

Enders, I. T., 636 

Enders, .Tohn, 1131 

Enders, .Tohn, 743 

Enders, .ToTin Conrad, '7'i-^ 

Enders, L. .!.. M. D 1182, 1097 

Enders, Philip 735 

Enders, Philip C 734 

Enders, Samuel 'i'52 

Bnin(>y, George W., Jr 1032 

Ensinger, F. W 584 

Ensminger, John T., '^ff^ 

Ensminger. Philip 489 

Ensinger, Samuel D 684 

Enterlin'e, Solomon H 919 

Epler, John 787 

Epler, Jacob R., 767 

Fypler, Peter 767 

Eppley, Daniel 238 

Erb, Jdhn, 823 

Erb, Peter 739 

Erb, Wm 0. 690 

Ernest, Damiel, 1109 

Etnest, George, 1109 

Eshleman, Abraham 815 

BshenauT, H. G., 985 

Eshenower, Jacob J 1037 

Bshilemam, Jrthn, 773, 815 

Bspenshade, Christian 988 

Espy, William 1002 

Etter, Abram Landis 799 

Btter, Benjamin F., 248 

Etter, Calvin, 633 

Etter, Rev. David, 713 

Etter, David K., 698 

Etter, Henry H., 633 

Btzweiler, Daniel, 49 

Etzweiler, Daniel, 760 

Btzweiler, George 1139 

Etzweiler, Jacob F., 760 

Etzweiler, .Terome, 1069 

BtzweiilPT, Joto' D., 1069 

Etzweiler, Miobajel, 760 

Etzweiler, Samuel, 1139 

Etzweiler, William H. 760 

Evanis, Daniel W 1189 

Ewing, Rev. James, 332 

Fackler, Adam 1150 

Fackier. Ezra, 653 

F'ager.ChiaJTles Buffin.gton.M.D., 370 
Fager, Christiam. M., M. D.,. . . 403 

Fager, Johin, 194 

Eager, ,Tohn Jacob, 194 

Fager, .John Hemry 194 

Fager, Johin Henry, M. D 356 

Fager, .Tohn H., M. D., 379 

Fahniestock, Adam K., 105 

Fahnestock, Conrad, 102 

Fahnestock, Dredrick, 99 

Faihnjestock, Obert 102 

Fabniestock, W. E., 600 

Eansler, Milton A. 928 

Farver, Christiam, 657 

Faraum. Henry, 1043. 348 

Faunce, Jacob 589 

Faunce, .Jacob, 650 

Faunce, Lawrence A., 589 

Feidt, Daniel S., 1094 

Feidt, David E 1094 

Feidt, George, 1086 

Feidt, Simon 1086 

Feidt, Geon-gp 1066 

Feltv. John S 785 

Felty, .Tohn S 789 

Felty, John Solomon, 785 

Feltv, John Solnmion .Jr.... 701, 785 

Felty, Luther D., 786 

Feltv. Philio D 939 

Fendl, Nathaniel S 1038 

Ferree, George Washington, . . . 888 

Ferree, Framk P 888 

Ferridav. A. Reeder, 561 

Fertig, Elias, 851, 863 

Fertig, John K., 879 

Fertig. John Q., 880 

Fetterhoff . Clarence 753 

Fetterhoff. Frederick 106 

FetterhofE, Philip 7.53 

Fetterhoff, William 879 

Findlav. Gov. Wi'.liam 53, 195 

Fink, Henry, 827, 607 

Finney. Isaiac S 256 

Fish, Ben-iajnin, 491 

Fisher, Charles Frederick Wm. 999 

Fisher, Emory A., 579 

Fisher, George 1194 

Fishier, Heniry 579 

Fisher. John G., 824 

Fisher, John L 823 

Fishier, Wesley 639 

Fisher, William, 823 

Fisher, William, 789 



FiBhier, William H., 520 

Fitrtinig, John, 748 

FittiHig, Williiam H 748 

Fitzgeraid, James R., 587 

Fitzgeraid, Samuel W., 587 

Fitzpaitrick, W. Righter, 549 

Fleming, David, 107, 428 

Fleming, David Jr., 551 

Fleming, George R., 448 

Flemiiing, James, 232 

Fletch-ar, Josepto A 982 

Fleming, Samuel 188 

Fleming, Samuel W 573 

Fleming, Robert, 187 

Fleming, Robert Jackson 227 

Flowers, George L., 685 

FlowerB, Thiomas, 1000 

Fochit, Joihn, 784 

Foerstefl:, George, 641 

Faltz, Cbiristiain M., 663 

Foltz, Johm B., 402 

Fodtz, J. B 663 

Foltz, John E 766 

Foltz, J. H 775 

Foltz, William 402 

Forney, Chiarles M., 404 

Forney, Christian Harvey 572 

Forney, Rev. Christian Heno^, . 277 

Fomiey, Clayton C 572 

Fomey, HeoiT J., 323, 537 

Forney, John, 1118 

Fomey, Jaoob H., 1091 

Fomey, J. 287, 572 

Forney, Wien, 341, 343 

Fomiey, Johm Wilson, 572 

For^ter, John, 203 

Foneter, John Montgomery, . . . 213 

Fouster, Thomas 189 

FortenbaiUghi, Abraham 731 

Fortenbaugh, Anidrew, 731 

Fortenbauigh, Peter 731 

Fortney, Sylvester T 641 

Fosraanght, John R 501 

Fox, Johm, 106 

Fox, John, 204 

Fox, John E., 467, 457 

Fox, Johm E., 109 

Fox, Milton, 942 

Fox, Thomas G., M. D 674 

Fox, William L., 787 

Fox, William R., 692 

FooBe, Jaeob A., 555 

Foose, Lemuel Oliver, 471 

Fi"aim, Benjamia 653 

Fraim, Henry S., 653 

Fraim, Jeremiajh S., 653 

Fraley, Henry, 586 

Frank, Aradrevc P., 753 

Frank, Oharles, 571 

Frank, David 749 

Frank, George W., 749 

Frank, James, 964 

Frank, John 1110 

Frank, Henry, 1063 

Frank, William' D., 1110 

Prantz, Henry, 858 

Frantz, Michael A., 1038 

Ftreck, Mathdas, 48 

Freck, Newton C 1054 

Free, Johm W 939 

Freeland, George W. P., 1093 

Pritcbey, John- A., M. D., 382 

Pritchey, John P., 382 

ProeMich, Johm 603 

Punk, David S., M. D 377, 379 

Funk, Michael, 379 

GaistvT'hite, Joseph 1 142 

Gallagher, Michael, 1031 

Gardner, Adam Heniry 991 

Garman, Charles B 946 

Garman, George B., 946 

G-arman, Isaac 868 

G'airmaiu, John, 967 

Garman, Jonas 1165 

G-arman, Peter, 1165 

Gairverick, James W., 987 

Gaimier, Abraham , . 472 

Garner, Johm B., 472 

GajTver, OhiriBtian, 776 

Gairver, C. L 776 

Garver, Joseph L 776 

Gastpock, Bajjnhard 3154 

Gastrock, Barthol, 597 

Gastrock, William, 600 

Gastrock, William M 597 

Cause, iDewis H 246 

Gayman, Jacob, 849 

Gayman, John P 849 

Geary, Gov. Johm White,. . .53, 241 

Geary, Richard 241 

Geddes, James 110 

Geddes, Boibert, 110 

Geddes, William, 110 

Geiger, Bernard Ill 

Geiger, Christian 869 

Geisel, Henry, 549 

Geiger, Joseph Ill 

Geety, William WaUace 254 

Gerberick, Andrew T., 871 

Gerdes, Henry, 1017 

Gerhiard, Rev. Isaac, 739 

Gerhard, Jerome Z 372 

Gerberidi, Diandel, 707 

Geriaok, Frank G 654 

Gerlack, John M 688 

German, Emanuel S 327 

German, John W 327 

Gemert, Henry, 706 

Gemert, John, 706 

George, William J., 971, 348 

Geyer, MichaeJ, 776 

GUhert, Rev. David McC, . . 275 

Gilbart, Frederick R., 1090, 755 

Gilbert, Isaac 732 

Gilbert, Jacob, 733 

Gilbert, Samuel E 1091 

Gilmore, James A., 531 

Gilmore, John 531 

Gingrich, Cyrus, ; 682 

Gingrich, Edwin G., 685 

Gingrich, Jacob 777 

Gipe, Jeremiah E 704 

Gipe, Jeremiah E 704 

Gipe, Peter, 704 

Gfee, Joseph D 886 

Gist, John L 681 

Gish, John R., 681 

Goldsmith, Joseph 492 

Gorgas, George A 405 

Gorgas, Hon. William R., ... 375 

Gorgas, William L 419 

Gorgas, Solomon R., M. D., . 375 

Good, Christian, Jr., 824 

Good, Christian, Sr 824 

Good, Jacob 993 

Good, George 642 

Good, John 957 

Good, Martin 824 

Goodman, Benedict, 551 

Goodman, Simon 551 

Gough, Henry W., 493 

Gould, George W 643 

Goss, Jacob, 656 

Goss, Jacob, Jr 657 

Goss, Martin, 786 

Gross, Abraham 206 

Gross, Daniel Wiestling, .... 401 

Gross Bd'ward Z 401 

Gross, Joshua W.. 571 

Grove, G-eorge H., 411 

Grofve, John, 942 

Grove, John Z., 411 

Grove, Samuel, 785 

Glover, John W 600 

Graber, Leon K., M. D 385 

Graham, Robert 591 

Graupner, Robert H., 609 

Graydon, Mrs. Rachel 167 

Graydom, William, 188 

Greenawalt, Charles P., 944 

Greenawalt, Jacob, 300 

Greenawalt, Jeremdali K., . . . 312 

Greenawalt, Jaoob, 310 

Greenawalt, John Philip, .... 300 

Greenawalt, Philip B 880 

Greenawalt Philip Lorentz, . . 300 
GTeemawialt,Maj. Theo. D., 71, 300 

Gregory, Gen. Edgar M., 474 

Gregory, Frank H., 474 

Green, Innis, 201 

Green, Timothy, 177 

Green, Robert, 177 

Gross, Henry S., 1021 

Grove, John W., 1039 

Grubb, Benjamin, . . ; 663 

Gmbb, Joseph G 664 

Gruber, Peter, Jr. 658 

Gruber, Peter, sr 658 

Grubb, Henry A. 891 

Grunden, Martin H., 1039 

Haas, James A., 390 

Hage, Hotihier, 224 

Hain, George W 1190 

Hain, George, , 459 

Hain, Joseph 780 

Hain, WiUdam M 459 

Hain, Samuel, 729 

Haldeman, Donald C 462 

Haldeman, Jacob, 172 

Haldeman, Jacob M., 172 

Haldeman, John, 172 

Hall, Louis William, 435 

Hall, Samuel S 322 

Hamiltom, Adam Boyd, . . 935, 335 

Hamlin, Benjamin B., Jr 402 

Hamlin, Rev. Benjamin, 402 

Hamdltom, Hugh, 17, 207 

Hamilton, Johm S., 415 

Hamilton, John 184 

Hamilton, Thomas Allen 239 

Hamilton, Thomas H., 415 

Hammelbaugh, D. Daniel, . . . 472 

Hammelbaugh, Phdlip 472 

Hammond, John Wesley, M.D., 362 

Hammond, William B 466 

Hanma, Bdwaird C, 1180 

Hanna, Gen. John, 84 

Hanna, Gen. John Andre, .... 189 

Hanshuie, Bhner B., 1005 

Hanshue, David 933 

Hanshue, Jeremiah, 1006 

Hiamshaw, Ohiarles E 483 

Hanshaw, Henry, 532 

Hanshue, John P., 932 

Hargest, Jefferson S., 960 

Hargest John Jamies 960 

Hargest, Tlhomais S., . . 440%, 440 

Harper, Oomelius 724 

Hairris, David 81 

Harris, David, 82 

Harris, Esther, 78 

Harris, Elizabeth. 78 

Harris, George Washington, . . 83 
Harris, James, of Derry, .... 114 

Harris, John, 24,77 

Harris, James, of Derry 114 

Harris', John, ... 79 

Harvie. John C, 560 

Hartmian, Henry 1119 

Hartman. Paul A., M. D., 374 

Harris, Robert, of Derry 113 

HaiTPiis, Roibert 17, 192 

Harris, Robert, 82 

Harris, Samuel H., 639 

Harris, Samuel, 81 

Harris, William Augustus, ... 81 
Harris, William. Augustus, ... 83 
Harris, William, of Derry, . . . 113 
Harris, George Washington, . . 219 



Harris, Thomas Jefferson, ... 83 

Hassler, Edwin 967 

Haasler, Samuel F., M. D., . . 389 

Hartman, Jacob, 921 

Hartman, Maurice H., 825 

Hartmaji, Rufus A., 643 

Hatter, George W., 1068 

Hatz, Jacob W., 824 

Hautzman, Frederick H., .... 480 
Hawkins, Jajnes D., . . . . 503, 651 

HaYca'stick, Haarry W., 3157 

Haitz, Jaooib W., iS24 

Hawkins, James D., 651 

Hay, Chara^els A., 89, 264 

Hay, Jahm W., 377, 399 

Hayes, Joshua Roiberts, M. D., 366 

Hayes, Patrick, 114 

Hays, Saimnel Wallace 214 

Bays, Wdlliam Wallace, 258 

Hay ward, Riobard W., Sr 319 

Hay ward, Richard W., Jr.,... 319 

Heard, Frank S 605 

Heek, Dr. Louds, 880 

Heekert, John E., 680 

Heffieffinger, Edward A., 639 

Beilkel Heniiy, 927 

Hi«st©r, A. O., 89, 965 

Hiester, G-abried, 943 

Hiesiter, Gen. Gabriel, Jr., .... 204 

Heister, William A., 510 

Heist, Thomas H 613 

Heisy, Jacob H., 707 

Heisy, John, 707 

Heller, John E 345 

Hellermam, Isaac, 499 

Hellerman, Hiram, 499 

Helman, Jdhn, 661 

Helt, David, 742 

Helt, Ira M., -.. 742 

Hielt, John F., 755, 742 

Hemler, Hamilton D., 418 

Hemperly, Lewis F., 826 

Henderson, Dr. James 975 

Henderson, Joihn W., 975 

Henderson, James, M. D 367 

Henderson, William B., M. D., 974 

Headriokson, William D., 826 

Henisel, Johin, 1165 

Hensel, Thomas A., 1165 

Hepf ord, David, 507 

Hepford, David 951 

Hepford, Samuel, 507 

Hepler, Isaac, 894 

Herman, Ohristian B., 444 

Henniam, Edwin S., 624 

Herman, Harry 1119 

Herman, Jolhn Armstrong, .... 444 

Hermam, John C., 624 

HeiT, Andrew Jacksom, 253 

Herr, Col. Daniel 217 

HerShey, Andrew 115 

Hershey, Ohiristian, 614 

Hershey, Israel L., 686 

Hershe^y, Henry E 614 

Hershey, Rev. Joseph, 707 

Hei-shey, Miartin, 682 

Hersihey, Martin L., M. D 678 

Hertz, William, 525 

Hess, Ohristan, 1039 

Hess, Edwin H 404 

Hess, Hiram W 404 

Hess, John 920 

Hess, John 1040 

Hess, Solomon, 1188 

Hetrich, Eden, 710 

Hetrick, Johm E 1147 

Hickok, Williiam 143, 526 

Hildrup, Thomas, 290 

Hildrup, William Thomas 528 

Hildrup, Williiam T., Jr., 559 

Hill, Samuel, 166 

Hills, Stepihem 165 

Hite, Jerome, 1025, 980 

Hite, J. 777 

Hocker, Joseph 790 

Hoak, George J 963 

Hocker, Andrew C, 816 

Hocker, George, 1040 

Hocker, George M. 932 

Hocker, Jacob, 816 

Hocker, John P., 865 

Hocker, Rev. M. P 1007, 1029 

Hoemer, Albert, 1041 

Hoerner, Isaiac R., 968 

Hoerner, John^ 929 

Hoerner, John, 711 

Hoemer, Maijor John, 711 

Hoerner, Lieut. Peter, 929 

Hoffer, Ohristian 696 

HofCer, Ohristian H., 825 

Hoffer, Jacob, 1040 

Hoffer, Samuel, 825 

Hoffman, Amos, 1183 

Hoffman, Ohiristiain^ 1132 

HoffmiaHi, Christiajn, 1136 

Hoffman, Comedius, . ~ ..737, 1132 

Hoffman, David, 871 

Hoffmian, Ephraim B., 767 

Hoffman, Isaac W., 1070, 737 

Hoffman, Jacob, 117 

Hoffman, Jacob, 1183 

Hoffman, Jacob D., 118 

Hoffman, John 116 

Hoffman, John B 48 

Hoffmam, John H., 1182, 917 

Hoffman, John Nicholas, 116 

Hoffman, John Nicholas, 1182 

Hoffman, John Peter 1182 

Hoffman, John Peter, 116 

Hoffman, Peter E 767 

Hoffman, Jdhn W 889 

Hoffmian, William, 920 

Hogentogler, Ohalmiers 0., . . . . 583 
Hogentogler, Harry Grant, . . 607 

Hoke, Peter, 947 

Holconube, Henry W., 628 

Holcombe, Lewis P 628 

Holland, Thomas H., 764 

Holler, Oharies, 330 

Holler, Oharies K., . 696 

Holder, Henry F., 330 

Hollinger, Eli, 534 

Holman, Samuel 217 

Holstein, Howard O., 520 

Holstein, Harry M 520 

Holtsman, B. W., 1088 

Holtzman, David K., 1066 

Holtzmain, George, 1066 

Holtzman, George M., 628 

Holtzman, Harry B., 962 

Hoke, Aaron D 1120 

Hoke, Jonathan 1120 

Hooper, Rev. PhiMp S. 1177 

Hoopes, Jacob B., 627 

Hoover, Oharies F., 493 

Hoover, Henry, 1135 

Hoover, Jacob 50 

Hoover, Joseph W., 490 

Hoover, William H., 493 

Hoover, William H., 562 

Horning, James B., 761 

Homing, Samuel S 761 

Horst, David 932 

Horst, Michael 932 

Horting, George, 615 

Houck, George A 959 

Houck, Isaac, 986 

Hoiaser, George W 942 

Houser, John, 853 

Houtz, William, 600 

Houtz, William H 600 

Howard, James H. W., 469 

Howell, Rev. Oharies J., 283 

Hoy, OhriBtiain, 1066 

Hoy, Francis H., 320 

Hoy, Robert M., 320 

Hoy, Robert W., 321 

Hoyer, Benneville, 911 

Hoyer, B. Franklin 302 

Hoyer, George, 311 

Hoyer, Jacob, 311 

Hubley, Alpheus T : 596 

Huggins, Jacob, 961 

Hughes, Washington R., 493 

Hulings, David Watts, 121 

Hulings, Frederick Watts, .... 121 

Hulings, Marcus, 118 

Hulings, Thomas 121 

Hummer, Benjamin, 706 

Hummel, Elwood E\, 689 

Hummel, Frederick, 694 

Hummel, Frederick, .• 121 

Hummel, Frederick 695 

Hummel, Jacob, 689 

Hummel, Jacob, 950 

Hummel, Joseph, 695 

Hummel, Levi 978 

Hummel, Richard T., 695 

Hummel, Samuel Wesley, .... 961 

Hummel, Rev. Solomon M 679 

Hummel, Vialentine, 694 

Hummel, Valentine, 694 

Humner, Isaac N., 706 

Hunter, Forrest 617 

Hunlter, George Williaim, 611, 617 

HunteT, William 655 

Hursh, George R., M. D 367 

Hutman, George A 587 

Hutman, George Frederick, . . . 587 

Hutmian, William E 587 

Hutter, Frank L 574 

Hutton, George J., 640 

Hutton, Josei^h 371 

Huitton, John 0., M. D., 371 

Ingram, John Geiger 112 

Ingram, Samnel D., 1153 

Irwin, Daniel, 855 

Irwin, Philip, 826 

Irwin, Philip, 237 

Jacks, Levi, 766 

Jackson, George W., 322 

Jennings, Harry 564 

Jefferson, Joseph, 201 

Jennings, William 564 

Jennings, William Wesley, . . . 418 

Johnson, Olement B., 608 

Johnson, John Bucher, 256 

.lohnso'u, John, Sr. 1067 

Johnlson, Joseph M., 1067 

Johnson, Ovid Frazer, 231 

Johnson, William B 608 

Johnson, Max P., . 609 

Johnston, Andrew P. W 510 

Johnston, Rev. John, 510 

Jones, J. Ohaldis, 883 

Jones, Nathan, 618 

Jones, Samuel 422 

■Tomes, Thomais McDowell 935, 349 

Jones, Uriah James, 240 

Jones, Uriah James 349 

Jones, WUliam H., M. D. 387 

Jones, William H 387 

Jones, William McHeiiry, . . . .1042 
Jones, Ool. William W.,1174, 1061 

Jordan, Benjamin 204 

Jordiam, Fraincis, 251, 429 

Joirdian, Tlhos. Jefferson, . 35, 1194 

Joyce, Thomas, 548 

.Jury, Abraham 50 

KalbaOh, Henry A 1164 

Karmany, William, 676 

Kaufman, Benjamin S., 829 

Kauffiman, H^elix, 789 

Kauffman, Henry K., 660 

Kautz, Dr. A. J., 921 

Kautz, Samuel H. 583 

Kayler, Neri H., 659 

Keagy, John M., M. D., 855 

Kean, John, 17, 189 

Keefer, John Brua, 255 

Keen, W. H. Clay, 1167 

Keener, Harry 0., 813 


Keener, Josejxh. 0., 813 

Keeney, Martin Ij 638 

Kefeer, Henry B., 625 

Keffer, John J 625 

Kefter, Joseph, Sr 1077 

Keffer, Peter B 625 

Keiper, Jacob, 1107 

Keiiper, Michael R 1107 

Keisei', Heniry 1175 

KeiSteT, WdlMiaim A 1042 

Keiter, Sanrael 746 

Kelker, Anthony 176 

Kelker, Fredericlj, 205 

Kelker, Frederick, 290 

Kelker, Henry Auitfhioiny, . 197, 309 
Kelker, Immanuel Meister, . . . 302 

Kelker, John, 201 

Kelker, Luther Reily 465 

Kelker, Rudolph Frederick, . . 298 

Keller, Christian Kunkle 397 

Keller, Edward C, 996 

Keller, Isaac B., 1041 

Keller, John P., 392 

Kellei-, Jolhn Peter, 202 

Keller, Moses 707 

Keller, Rev. Emanuel 263 

Kelly, Col. John 127 

Kelley, Henry M 479 

Kelley, Harry S 483 

Kelley, Patrick 939 

Kelly, Patrick, 124 

Kemible, Dr. George S., 357 

Kemible, George S 357 

Kemdig, Damiel, 876 

Kendig, Rev. Danitl, 804 

Kendig, John 803 

ICendig, Mai-tin, 219 

Kendig, Martin 803 

Kendig, Walter Henry, . . 791, 803 

Keniniedy, B'all'ey, 883 

Kenimedy, George G 331 

Kennedy, James L 331 

Kepnei-, William H 232 

Kepple, JohjQ, • 622 

Kepple, John, Sr. 622 

Kerns, John, 517 

Kerns, WilUam H., 517 

Kerr, William, 203 

Kessler, Abraham, 891 

Kessler, Reuibem^ 891 

Kibler, Calvin M 590 

Killer, John Peter, 202 

KiUinger, Jacob, 739 

Killinger, John G., 739 

Kimmel, Amirew F 1181 

King, Anthony 582 

Kinsey, Jacob, 777 

Kinsey, John P., 992 

Kinsey, Samuel, 777 

Kinter, Oharies H., 552 

Kinter, George 501 

Kinter, Isaac, 884 

Kinter, Samiiel, 852 

Ivfesliaiger, Jacob 886 

Kister, Jacob, 458 

Kister, William H 458 

Kitzmiller, Dixon G., 516 

Kitzmiller, Frank K. 406 

Klauser, Jacob, 570 

Kleinfelter, Joseph 675 

Klemm, Ohiarles Augustus, . . 506 

Kline, Daniel 582 

Kline, George W 1057 

Klinger Family 895 

Kliinger, George, 895 

Klingor, George, 1121 

Kliniger, George S., 895 

Klimger, Jomathan, 1 120 

Klimger, Johjn A., 906 

Klinger, William, 906 

Klimger, William^ 895 

Klopfer, Gottlieb, 949 

Kluerh, Jacoh Frederick, . 809, 814 
Klugh, O. R., M. D 806 

Kaipe, Josiepih Farmer,. 35, 1195 

Kniisely, Jdhin P., 992 

KmouBe, Franklin, 585 

Kniouse, Jacob, 403 

KnouEe, Jacob H 403 

Kmuipp, Beingamin F., 968 

Kohlieir, Stephen S., 466 

KoUer, WilUam H 466 

Koemig, Frederick h., 610 

Kohl, Rev. GeirmanuB, 283 

Kohii-, Michael 829 

KoppeinliaiiEer, iMichaed 1085 

Koppenlhaffier, Moses, 1085 

Koppemheffer, OoirneliuB, 733 

Kramer, Charles F. 402 

Kramer, George W IU64 

Kramer, George W., 1147 

Kramer, John, 402 

Knimer, J'olhin H 1140 

Kremer, Rev. Ellis N 279 

Kryder, Jacob, ' 568 

Kulp, James C., 509 

Kuukel, Ohi-istian, 188 

Kuinkel, George, 247 

Kunkel, Gtwrge 503, 444 

KuiiLkel, John Christian, 188 

Kuinkel, Johm Christian, 237 

Kuinbel, Paul A 463 

Kumtzeilraan,, Amos, 1169 

Kurtz, Bein(jaim*n W., . . . 809, 807 

Kurtz, John, 807 

Kuutz, John. B., .'.'.'." .1000 

Kuirzemkmabe, J. H., 475 

j-vutz, William C, 523 

Lamberton, Robert Alexander, . 304 

Lamey, HhiUip H., 1172 

Liamidis, A. C 982 

Lamidis, Aarom M .'. 322 

Laiuidis, Banjamin,, 128 

I/amdiB, C. B., 933 

lianidis, Heiui-y B., 546 

Lamdis, Joseph H., 830 

Ija:ndis, M'ajor Jacob, 614 

Landis, Robert F., 614 

Landis, Samuel, 709 

Laiudis, Samuel, 235 

Lamdrain, George 474 

Lanid'on, Samuiel G 474 

I/ajnglotz, Martin^ 637 

LaRoBS, David Hemiry Eaiiiest, 310 
LaRosis, ProdC. David H. E., . . . 698 

LaRuje, Joham George, 128 

Latshia, Hemry 907 

L(aits:ha, Johoa J., 907 

Laraer, Jacob F 618 

Laumian^ Henry 784 

Lauman, Michael C, 830 

Lautenbaucher, Irwin, 1185 

Daverty, Dr. Theodore C, . . . . 831 
Laverty, DeWitt C, M. D., . . . . 830 

Lawrence, Johm 434 

Lavwenoe, SamTiel M 258 

Lawineinee, William Calder An- 
derson, 434 

Lebo, Joseph A., II37 

LebOi, James M., 724 

Lebo, William H 1137 

Leebrick, George 130 

Leebrick, George T., 715 

Leebrick, Johm P., 716 

Leebrick, John Philip, Jr.,. .. . 130 

Leebrick, John Philip, Sr 129 

Leedy, Daniel 564 

Leedy, John W., 565 

Leese, Elijah, . . . : 703 

Lefever, Dr. Jioihn Russfl, . . . .1162 

Lefever, Jacob, 1163 

Lefever John, Russel, M. D., 1163 
LeFevre, James Hasbrouch,. ..1022 

Lehman, Benjamiin. 713 

Lehman, Ohristiam, 829 

Lebma/n, Hianiy, 131 

Lelhmiain, Johm J., 829 

Lehmam, Johin, Jr., 132 

Lehnaam, John R., 658 

Leibman, Martim, 131 

Lehmiam, Simom C, 1042 

Lehmami William, 92is 

Leihr, Henry R., 1157 

Lehr, Jacob 724 

Lehr, Dr. M. D 1157, 899 

Lemar, LeRue, 589 

Lesmer, Milton M., 460 

Leufcei-, Ohasples H., 927 

Lenker, Damiel Y. 1072, 827 

Lemfcer, George N., 1121 

Lenikeir, Heniry, 1121 

Lenker, John N 1174 

Lenker, Valentinie> 922 

Lenker, WiUiam E., 1073 

Lentz, Auguistuis D., 1092 

Lentz, Joilui, 596 

Lenitz, Joseph F., 596 

Leomaird, Joseph L 941 

Leshier, Jacob 705 

Lesher, Rev. Thomas, 705 

Leshar, Samuel H., 704 

Levam^ Peter Dressier 781 

Levami, Peter K 781 

Lewis, Eli, 185 

Liesman, Frederick W.,. 953, 348 

Liken, Thomais, 637 

Lingle, John 710 

Lingte, John C, M. D., 804 

Lingle, Levi 704 

Linigle, Paul, 182 

Ljiigle, ThomiaB W 1144 

Littchj, Jacob 541 

Litch, John B., 541 

Litcto, Johm B., 625 

Livingston, Abrahajm, 988 

Livingstoni Family 988 

Livimgstomi, Jacob, 988 

Lloyd, Chaj-les Howard, 416 

Lloyd, Isaac 416 

Loague, Hugh, 1187 

Loague, Rev. H. A 1187 

Lochmam, Rer. John (reorge, 

D. D 261 

Lodge, John 723 

Lodge, William, . .. 723 

LomiB, Albert Scott 721 

Lomis, A. W 721 

Long, Adam' C, 1166 

Long, Irwin J 1178 

Longanecker, Christian 318 

Longenecker, Ohristiani R 778 

Lomgeniecker, Isaac A., 831 

Longemiecker, Johm S., 318 

Look, Miomiroe M., 790 

LoomDs, Anthony Wayne, 230 

Loiudermilch, Hemiry, 708 

Loudermiloh, Hemry, Sr., 708 

Lucas, WiUiam D 955 

Luidwig, Emammel 969 

Lusk, Charles P., 598 

Luther, John, 353 

Lutz, H enry . H 623 

Lutz, Richard L 655 

Lycams, Andrew, 55 

Lyons, Thomas, 673 

Lyons, William H 608 

LynA, .loliiu, ■ 1188 

Lyter, Ohristiam, 722 

Lyter, Hemry, 727 

Lyter, Hiram 870 

Lyter, Isaac, 719, 722 

Lytter, Joseph E 733 

Lyter, Samined, 790 

Lyter, W. H 597 

MacAvoy, James, 511 

MacAvoy, Thomas D., 511 

Maclay, William, 81 

Maday, Williami, 178 



M'acQueen, James M., 412 

Mader, Daniel E 959 

Maeyer, David, 582 

Magininds, Jiamies 423 

MaJoney, Tlioinas Francis, . . . 259 
Manning, Oharles J., M. D., . . 388 
Marcet, Mrs. Dr. Alexander, . . 172 

Mark, Adam Bllenberger 1086 

Marks, Herman 596 

Markley, George B., 367 

Mai-kley, George H., M. D., . . 367 

Marsh, Fred. H., 554 

Marshall, Joihn L 581 

Marshall, John S 581 

Martin, Jeremiah 789 

Mai-tin, Joseph B., 778 

MarzoM, George 948 

Mather, Edmund, 533 

Matheson, George, 833 

Mathiais, John 768 

Miathdas, Peter, 768 

Matter, Balthaser, 903 

Matter, Daniel D 1122 

Matfter, Midhiael, 1122 

Mattis, Aaron 727 

Mattis, Abraham, 727 

Matftis, Charles T., 1112 

Mattis, Isaac, 1112 

Matzinger, Frank H., 969 

Mauk, Ohtotes H 341, 652 

Miauk, Samnel T., 995 

Mau'Mair, Dr. Harvey E. 933 

Manrer, Daniel, 318 

Maurer, Daniel C, 318 

May, Johm K., 633 

McAlarney, M. Wilsoin, . . 179, 347 

McAlis'ter, James, 387 

McAlister, J. B.. M. D., . . 539, 387 

McOaleb, John D., 519 

McOaleb, William B., 518 

MoCammon, Jaimes, 353 

McCammoiii, John 201 

McGarrell, S. J. M. 1133, 439 

McOarty, Jesse, ^. 884 

MoClintock, Ctoarles W., 512 

MeOlintook, Dr. Joseph H., . . . 512 
McOlure, Obarles B., M. D., . . 902 

M'cOIure, Jonathan 421 

McOlure, Richard, 133 

McGonliey, Qiharles B., 460 

McGomkey, Blbridge, 460 

McOord, Joseph, 933 

MoOormick, Henry, 254 

McOorm'ick, James, 224 

McGormick, James, 255 

McOready, Duncan, 352 

McOreaar, Etijah 812 

McOreary, John 812 

McOreati, Andrew S., 259 

MoOreery, George J., 602 

McDaniel, Dr. Henry M., 833 

McEntee, Peter J 1021 

McEntee, Thomas T 994 

McFajdden, John B., 654 

MoFadden, Thomas F 654 

M.cFadden, William C, 500 

McFarland, George G., 591 

MoGamm, Ca>pit. Jotm K., 755, 749 

McGann, Edward, 749 

M'oGJnnos, Lemuel E., 981 

McGowam, Hiraan, M. D., . . . . 372 
McGoveiTO, Rev. T.,D. D., 269, 268 

Mcllhenny, Samuel, 247 

McKee, Edward G 581 

McKee, Hai-iy D 872 

McKee, James T., 581 

McKelvey, Jacob J., 412 

McKelvy, Jacob, 412 

MoKlUips, Alexander, 573 

McKlnney, Mordecai, 423 

McLianghlin, Alexander, .... 1135 
McDanghlin, James T. W., . . . 538 

McDiran, Ezra, 619 

M'CDinn, Thomas 619 

McNaJir, Alvdn 834 

McNamara, Michael 1190 

McPherson, John Bayard 441 

Meals, Ezra S., M. D., 374 

Meals, Samuel, 374 

Meals, Theodore S 646 

Meashey, Peter 708 

Meek, Charles S 574 

M«ckley, Jacob 964 

Meckley, Samuel Joseph, 946 

Meetch, John, 91 

Meily, George W., 571 

Melick, John P .^21, 329 

Melick, Rev. J. A 329 

Melick, Rev. Justus A., 266 

Mellln, Dustin Fletcher, 729 

Mellin, Ezra 729 

Mellin, John 729 

M-easersmith, Edward, 1123 

MeBsner, Jacob 1122 

Metzger, Adam Till, 763 

Metzger, David, 763 

Metzger, Henry 763 

Metzger, Jacob, 763 

Meyer, Robert L., 610 

Meyers, Benjamin, 867 

xMeyers, Hon. B. F., 179, 344 

Meyers, John, Jr 1045 

Meyers, William K... ." 460 

Middletou, Wm, John, M. D., . . 985 

Middleton, WilMliaim, 330 

Midddeton, William H., 330 

Milleisen, G. Frank, 482 

Millhouse, Augustus S., 1019 

Miller, Aaron, 747 

Miller, Abraham C, 578 

Miller, Ohiaries A 935, 326 

MiUer, Cliiarle R., M. D 1045 

Millei-, Clayton C, M. D.,.719, 718 

Miller, Daniel, 1103 

Miller, Dajnded Newton 1087 

Miller, David R 410 

MiUer, David, Sr 945 

Miller, D. W., 1022 

Miller, Edmund J., 653 

Miller, Francis X., 326 

Miller, Hon. Jesse, 430 

Miller, Isaac, 914 

Miller, Jacob, 410 

Millei-, Jaioab F., 1141 

Millier, James, 1104 

Miller, James, 744 

Miller, John 793 

Miller, John, 747 

Milletr, John C, 902 

MOler, John B., 768 

Miller, ,Twhn, 1104 

Miller, John Edmund, 500 

Miller, John, Patterson, 852 

Miller, Jonathan, 922 

Miller, Joseph, 744 

Miller, Michael 747 

Miiller, Michael H '. . . 753 

Miller, Major J. Frank, 914 

Miller, Nathanliel, 1103, 827 

Miller, Peter, 718 

Miller, Samuel 1171 

Miller, Samuel A 793 

Miller, William H., 943 

Miler, Samuel B., 718 

Miller, William Henry, 430 

Miller, William F., 634 

Milliken, Thomas, 848 

Milnor, George W., 599 

Minnick, Michaeil E., 969 

Minsker, Moses, 885 

■Miah, George, • 800 

Mish, George F., M. D., .. 791, 800 

Missemer, J. R., 976 

Mitichell, Andrew, 187 

Mitchell, Andrew Dinsmore, . . 262 

Mitchell, Bhrman B., 444 

Mitchell, Joseph 134 

Mitchell, William, 443 

Moeslein, Edward, 545 

Monroe, C. E., 1030 

Montgomery, Joseph, 176 

Montgomery, Mrs. Rachel, . . . 182 

Moody, Washington 961 

Moody, William H 948 

Moore, Austin A., 605 

Moore, James A., 511 

Moore, W. Brooke 511 

Moorehead, Gen. James K., . . 230 

Moorehouse, George H., 509 

Morris, Milton K 993 

Morrow, John C, 818 

Mo'ssop, Isaac, 1173 

Mountz, Adam 1142 

Mountz, Leonard, 1142 

Mowry, Charles '. 334 

Mowry, Morgan A 605 

Moyer, Benjamin F., 793 

Moyer, Blfcamaih D., 1046 

Moyer, John 902 

Moyer, John H., .". 678 

Moyer, Rudolph, 1103 

Moyer, Rev. C. C, '. ' ' 1123 

Muench, Isaac S 508 

Muench, Rev.Oharles Edward, 50 

Muench, Robert L 435 

Muller, John George, .... 171 

Mumma, Christian, .'.,'. 832 

Mumma, Christ Nissley 3045 

Mumma, Edward L., ......' 832 

Mumma, Ellis I/ewis, . . 179' 350 

Mumma, Hon. David ' 433 

Mumma, Isaac, 832 

Mumma, Isaiah ,.,' 1142 

Mumma, .Tohn, , . ,', II41 

Mumma, Joseph J., • • ■ ■ • ^^^ 

Mumma, Martin N .'..'. 832 

Murray, James, 174 

Murray, John ' ' 696 

Murray, John, ',\\ 1(59 

Murray, John, 175 

Murray, Dindley, ' ' 421 

Murray, Patrick, 186 

Murray, Samuel 696 

Musser, Andrew J., 519 

Musser, Frank B 521 519 

Muisser, John S., ' 106O 

Myers, Charles . , 604 

Myers, J. R \ 833 

Nace, Enoch 1138 

Nace, Henry 724 

Nace, John E., 717 

Nace, William' Benjamin, .... 717 

Nagle, Christian M., 550 

Nagle, Emanuel, 550 

Nagle, John H., 545 

Nauss, Christian, 580 

Naylor, Dr. Wilsom B., 1124 

Nead, Benjamin, 441 

Nead, Benj. Matthias, . . 575, 441 

Neagley, Jacob 250 

Neagley, Jdhn, 250 

Neely, J. M 620 

Nell, Levi H., 1046 

NelBom, Arthur F., 1023 

Neron, D. W., 679 

Newbecker, John J., 1030, 701 

Newcomer, Samuel S., 998 

Newhard, Irvin C 391 

Newhard, James D 391 

Ney, Joel, 855 

Nicholas, .Jacob M., 400 

Nicholas, John, B., 400 

Nissley, Christian, 669 

Nissley, Frank, 1046 

Nissley, Harmon L 447 

Nissley, Isaac L 970 

Nissley, Isaac O., 791, 799 

Nisley, Jacob 1017 

Nissley, Jacob, 778 

Nissley, Jacob, 135 

Nissley, .Tacob 448 

Nissley, .Tohn C, 449, 448 

Nissley, .Tohn H., 765 

Nissley, John H., 834 


Nissley, John J 669 

Nissley, John L., 669 

Nisstey, Joseph, 448 

Nissley, Mairtin F 675 

Nissley, Martin H., 969 

Nissley, Samiiel E 447 

Nisley, Samuel, 1016 

Noblet, Newton E 326 

Norris, Alex. Wilson, . . 494%, 462 

Nunemaoher, Ambrose W 398 

Nunemacher, John 398 

Nye, Daniel Henry, 794 

O'Conner, Mortimer, M. D., . . 366 

Ogelsby, Jonalh 488 

Ogelsby, Joseph J., 488 

Olmsted, Marlin E 458%, 452 

Olewine, George W., 941 

Orr, D. A 179, 346 

Orr, Joihn G 347 

Orth, Charles, 819 

Orth, Christian Henry, 200 

Orth, Edward Laurence, .... 370 

Orth, Edw. Laurence, M. D.,. 363 

Orth, Fred J 638 

Orth, Henry, 819 

Orth, Henry C, 477 

Orth, Henry L., M. D., ...359, 370 

Ott, Leander N 297 

Oves, Henry F., 482 

Oyler, J. H 390 

Page, S. S 1048 

Painter, David, 794 

Painter, Ebenezer Greenough, 331 

Painter, Jacob, 370 

Painter, John 331 

Painter, Thomas, 331 

Palmer, Lafayette, 640 

Park, George, 380 

Park, J. Walter, M. D., 380 

Parke, Capt. Benjamin 715 

Parthemore, E. Winfield Scott, 465 

Patterson, John D., 819 

Patton, J. HeTTey 552 

Patton, John 552 

Peacock, James, 334 

Pearson, Judge J. J., , 425 

Pearson, William, 444 

Pease, Charles E., M. D., 803 

Peck, Christian 779 

Peck, Levi N., 779 

Peters, Abraham, 955 

Peters, Benjamin G. 469 

Peters, D. Augustus, 997 

Peters, Benjamin Snyder 835 

Peters, Benjamin Snyder, 1047 

Peters, Jacob M., M. D 976 

Peters, Simon 1047 

Peters, Thomas Sawyer, .... 469 

Pflueger, Rev. O. B 1124 

Pfoutz, Dr. George 1 400 

Pfoutz, William C 400 

Pf uhl. Rev. John George, 276 

Phillips, Louis O., 482 

Pitoaim, Hugh, M. D 358 

Plambeck, J. H. W., 1078 

Plunket, William H., M. D., . . 352 
Poffenberger, Albert T.,. 863, 851 
Poffenberger, Leonard, . . 850, 863 
Poffenberger, T.M.L., D.D.S., 394 

Poole, Washington I., 580 

Porter, Gov. David R., . . 53, 210 

Porter, George W., M. D 366 

Potter, Ira O., 494 

Potteiger, Jacob 632 

Potter, Levi 494 

Prowell. Dr. William R 1047 

Pufe'h, A. Judson, 543 

Pugh, William 543 

Quickel, Henry F 599 

Rahe, Henry J., 506 

Rahter, Chas. A., M. D., . 377, 369 

Rahter, Christian 369 

Rakea-, Dr. WiUiam, 923 

Rambler, Henry B., 386 

Rambler, Leonard C 808 

Rambleir, Michael Backenstoe, 807 
Rambleir, Robert A., M. D., . . . . 386 

Ramsey, Thomas, 206 

Rapp, W. H., 934 

Rauch, Bemaird 712 

Ranch, James M., 1150 

Rauich, John N 1140 

Ranch, Samuel J., 1154 

Rawn, Charles C, 940 

Rawn, Charles Coatesworth, . . . 427 

Raysor, John 955 

Read, Capt. Adam 169 

Ream, Abraham, 970 

Redmonid, Andrew, '..... 567 

Redmond, Thomas H., 567 

Reed, Dr. J. J., . . , 923 

Reed, Elijah, 795 

Reed, George Engard, 622 

Reed, George W. 620 

Reed, John B., 1013 

Reed, Philip, 623 

Reed, Reuben S., 506 

Reed, Robert, , 506 

Reed, Robert L 795 

Reed, Samuel B 620 

Reed, William H. 687 

Reel, Samuel 560 

Rehrer, Henry L 836 

Rehrer, Thomas Jeffierscm, .... 219 

Reichtefrt, David J., 946 

Reichert, Henry, .1 973 

Reider, Abraham H., . . 791, 805 

Reider, Jacob S., 765 

Reiff, Jacob L., 779 

Reigle, Amdrew, 48 

Beily, Capt. John, 304 

Reily, George Wolf, M. D., 367 

Reily, John, 186 

Reily, .John A 701, 303 

Reily, John W 521, 938 

ReUy, Luther, M. D., 355 

Reimert, Hiram 795 

Reimick, Thomas, 138 

Reniuinger, Mairtin, 313 

Rettinger, Charles 1191 

Rewialt. Dr. J. W 885 

Resroth, G. William, 562 

Reynders, J. V. W., 994 

Rhoadis, Dainiel, 547 

Rhoads, James M., 547 

Richardson, John T 585 

Riclser, George T 1049 

Ricker, Uriah 795 

Rickert, Hartmam, 49 

Rickert, John, 1082 

Rider, John 682 

Rider, Michael, 710 

Riiegel, Jacob, 1003 

Riiegel, Samuel, 1003 

Riegle, Benjamin, 1074 

Riegle, Harrisom, 890 

Rife, J. N., 779 

Rineard. Samuel W., 949 

Ringland, Dr. John, 835 

Ringland, John 838 

Rihfcenbach, Edward L 588 

Ritchie, Josiah, 376 

Ritchie, Me'lancthon M., M. D., 376 

Ritzman, Andrew, .• 1084 

Ritzman, A. S 896 

Ritzmam, A. S 896 

Roam, Rev, John 260 

Robea-ts, Alexander, H 550 

Roberts, Alexander, Sr., . 30."), 307 

Roberts, Col. John, 307 

Rober'ts, Bdmumd WHfoti.M.D., 356 
Roberts, George, 519 

Roberts, James W 5S4 

Robinson, Philip, 169 

Robinson, Thomas Hastings, . . 267 

Roekafellar, John M 470 

Rockaf ellar, Thomas B., 470 

Roe, Edward J., 404 

Roe, Dr. Framcde M. 404 

Romberger, BengohaiU, 910 

Romberger, Boltaer 910 

Romberger, B. W., 1108 

Romberger, Cyrus 1125 

Romberger, Daniel, 1101 

Romberger, Edward 1126 

Romberger, G. D., 898 

Romberger, Henry A., 905 

Romberger, Howaird H., 901 

Romberger, Joseph F., 903 

Roimberger, Johm A 1125 

Romberger, Samuel B 1101, 917 

Boop, Joihm 820 

Roop, John S., 820 

Rose, Harvey J. 515 

Rose, William John, 513 

Ross, Hari7 C 603 

Roshom, Joiiin William 591 

Boss, Joseph, 263 

Ross, Robert James, 231 

Roumfont, Augustus L 644 

Boumf oirt, Charles E., 644 

Row, Jacob, 758 

Roiw, Jonas, 758 

Rowland, James 1187 

Royal, John Kedker, 553 

Rudy, C. Lamdis 328 

Ruby, Charles W., 635 

Rudy, Joseph^ 298 

Rudy, Joseph, 328 

Rudy, Michael 957 

Rummel, John L., 761 

Rumpf, Charles C 505 

Runk, Philip 48 

Runk, Philip, 909 

Runk, Rev. Jacob, 909 

Rupp, Johm H., 1009 

Rupp, Samuel 1009 

Rupp, Samuel B 1014 

Buss, James 618 

Russ, Narcissus, 617 

Russ, PatTick, 618 

Russ, William 618 

Ruithierford, Abner, 236 

Rutherford, Abnieir 697 

Rutherfoird, Abner, 1001 

Rutherford, Capt. John 177 

Rutherford, Francis W., 1048 

Rutherford, John, 1011 

Rutherfoird, John 1001 

Rutherfoaid, John, 1048 

Rutherford, John Brisben, .... 229 
Rutherford, John Edmund,. . .1018 

Rutherford, Jolm E. 1018 

Riutherford, John M., 771 

Rutherford, John P., 1013 

Rutherford, John Parke 1012 

Rutherfoird, John Parke 226 

Rurtherfoi-d, Levi, M. D 365 

Rutheford, S. A 1016 

Rutherford, Samuel H., 1022 

Rutherford, Samuel 771 

Rutherfoird, Samuel S. B., 1011 

Rutherford, W. F 1001 

Rutherford, Wflliam, 1001 

Rntheirford, William 1011 

Rutherford, William W., M. D., 363 

Ryam, Charles W., 718 

Ryan, John 718 

Sallade, John, 1056 

Sallade, Simon, 51 

Sajnple, Alexanidei', 598 

Sample, John B., 598 

Sanckey, Rev. Richarrt, 261 

Sandierson, Alfred, 343 


Sandensan, G-eoo-ge, 343 

Samgree, Rev. Miltom H., 273 

Sainkey, James W 567 

Saul, Charles H., M. D 1050 

Saul, Henry R., 839 

Savage, Jamas, 247 

Sawyor, Tihiomias, 881, 731 

Sawyer, Thomas J 881, 731 

Sawyer, William, Jr., 139 

Sawyer, William, Sr 138 

Schiaeffer, Dr. Uriah R G97 

Sobaffer, Benjamie Franklin, . . 858 

Sohaffner, Damiel 934 

Schafeneir, D. W., M. D 985 

Scbeffer, Theodore F., 573 

Scheffeir, Thomas Jeffersoii, . . . 573 

Scheib, Chairlies Monroe 901 

Sdiieffler, Hemiry W., 1127 

Schlayer, Andrew, 392 

Schlayer, Jacob 408 

ScMiayer, Jacob F., 408 

Sdhlos'seiT, Andrew, 965 

Schmenky, John M. D., 901 

Schminky, Gurney M., M. D., .1184 

Sohooley, William G 610 

Schriver, Charles C, 590 

Schriver, Oornelius, 590 

Schultz, Leonard, 838 

Sdhubauer, Jacob C, 1145 

Seal, John Beeiaimin, 1064 

Sebourn, Andrew 856 

Sees, Maj. Oliver Washington, 257 

Sees, Williaim, Edwards, 255 

Seiber, Ohamles F., 538 

Seibert, George, 975 

Seibert, Wm. Henry, M. D., 989, 975 

Seller, Christian, M. D 362 

Seller, Jeremiah, M. D., 364 

Seirtz, J. Dandis, M. D., 385 

Seitz, Noiah H 385 

Selser, Samuel S., 841 

Scnsen'ig, Isaac, 372 

Sensenjg, Isaac B., M. D., 372 

Sergeant, William, 250 

Seubert, Rev. Father, F. C, . . 284 

Shadel, David F 797 

Shiaefer, George 733 

Sbaefer. Michael, 733 

, Shaffer, Clinton E 566 

; ShafCer, Blias, 566 

• Shaffer, • George W., 938 

Shaffer, Willam S., 484 

Shiaffiaer, Aaron, 867 

Shaffner, Francis W., 1020 

Shaffiicr, Gabrie'l 615 

Shaffner. George, 1020 

, Shaffner, Henry C 615 

. Shammo, W'il'liam, 241 

Shan'ahan, Jeremiah F., D. D., 274 

Shartle, John, 686 

Sheaf er, Maj. Henry Jackson, . 249 

Sheaf er, Mitfbael, 227 

Shea,f er, Wood K., 469 

Shearer, Joseph L., 603 

Sheesley, Daniel, 237 

Sheesley, John H., 956 

Sbeesley, J<Am H., 479 

Sheesley, William, 478 

. Sheetz, Garson Asbury, 757 

Siheetz, George, 1139 

Sheetz, John 754 

Sheetz, Samuel, 1139 

Sheetz, Washington, 1138 

, Sheetz, William^ H. 758 

■ Sheetz, William J., . 754 

Shelly, Daniel 139 

Shelly, J. 664 

Shenk, Adam R., 710 

. S'henk, Ohrisitiajn, ' 664 

Sbenk, Cyrus G., 667 

Sbenk, Cyrus G., 664 

Sbenk, Damiel 710 

Sbenk, John M., 667 

Sbenk, Samuel, 667 

Shepler, Jacob H. 840 

Sherer, Joseph 175 

Sharer, Samuel, 175 

Shertzer, Benjamin F., 715 

Sbieilds, James D., 547 

Shireman, Aaron 836 

Sbireman, William, 836 

Shirk, Jacob S., 714 

Sihirk, Michael 714 

Shirk, Simon, 783 

Shiro, Jacob, 893 

Shive, Edward L 1169 

Sboeh, Michael, 423 

Shoemaker, G«orge J., 296 

Shoemaker, Homer, 461 

Shoop, Daniel, 751 

Shoop, Rev. James 924 

Shoop, John, 779 

Shope, Abra;ham W^^ 871 

Shope, Rev. Adam J., 782 

Shope, Andrew 357 

Shope, A. L., M. D 984 

Shope, C. B 984 

Shape, David, 796 

Sihope, David, M. D., 357 

Shope, Elias L., M. D 973 

Shope, George F 604 

Sliope, George W., 857 

Shope, Henry N 837 

Shope, Jacob, 796 

Shope, Dr. Jacob, 683, 673 

Shope, Jacob W., 716 

Shope, Nathaniel 1006 

Shreiner, Aaron, 951 

Shriver, John A., 711 

Shriver, Henry 711 

Shuey, Daniel, 956 

Shull, Dr. William M 697 

Shnltz, John, 761 

Shu'ltz, Joshua, 761 

Shumberger, J. C 476%, 473 

Shimk, Gov. Francis Rawn,.53, 208 

Shunk, James Findlay, 345 

Shunk, Jobn, 208 

Shutt, Henry Lawrence, 947 

Sible, John S., 481 

Sible, Peter, 481 

Sieg, Williami H. H 979 

Simms, Edwaird, 495 

Sim'ms, Samnel 495 

Simm'ons, George Washington, 236 

Simmons, Col. O. B., 313 

Simmons, Col. Seneca G., . . . . 291 

Simon, Dr. Samuell H., 943 

Simouton, Rev. Ashbel Green, . 274 
Simonton, Hon. John W., 431, 433 

Simonton, William, 210 

Simonton, William, M. D 352 

Simpson, John 142 

Simpson, Murray, 182 

Siple, W. H 671 

Sitlinger, Isaac, 887 

Sloan, Alexander, 226 

Sloan, Robert 145 

Sloan, William 145 

Smeltzer, David M 1151 

Smith, Andrew C 949 

Smith, CharJes G., 625 

Smith, Chnrlce H., M. D., 798_ 

Smith, David H., 958 

Sniitli, D.'inie' M 411 

Smith, Edwin B., D. D. S., . . . 393 

Smith, Frederick E 997 

Smith, George, 788 

Smith, Henry, 1176 

Smith, Jacob 780 

Smith, John C 412 

Smith, Michael, 411 

Smith, Peter > 393 

Smith, Peter A., 569 

Smith, Simon, 762 

Smith, Wellington J., M. D.,. .1166 

Smith, William C, M. D., 797 

Smith, William O., 634 

SmoU, Jobn Augustus, 340 

SmuJler, George 229 

SmuUer, George, 839 

Suavely, Jobn H., D. D. S.,... .1050 

Suavely, Joseph, 672 

Suavely, Joseph K., 934 

Suavely, M. N., 986 

Suavely, WfiUiam J., 996 

Snodgrass, Benjamin, 438 

SnodgrasB, Rev. James 438 

Snodgrass, James 190 

Snodgrass, Robert, 215, 438 

Snyder, Charles Albright 224 

Snyder, Emanuel, 1010 

Snyder, George William 945 

Snyder, John, 947 

Snyder, John A., 711 

Snyder, John Benj 1010 

Snyder, John Christian,....'.. 745 

Snyder, John D 925 

Snyder, John D., 928 

Snyder, Joseph, 745 

Snyder, Josiah, 746 

Snyder, Peter, 859 

Snyder, Peter C, 406 

Snyder, William, 714 

Snyder, William, 835 

Snyder, William H., 406 

Soell, John, 643 

Soell, Jobn, Sr 643 

Sohn, Daniel W., 420 

Soles, John 518 

Soper, HaiTy A., 588 

Soper, Lea-ndeir V. B., 586 

SouUiard, John H 998 

Sourbier, George H 650 

So'urbier, George H., Jr., .... 651 

Spabr, John, 496 

Spahr, John H 496 

Spahr, William. A., 497 

Spayd, Clarence B 341, 351 

Spayd, J. W., 349 

Spieer, Oharles^ A., 552 

Spicer, Henry 552 

Spieer, J. Henry 552 

Spatter, Adam G 10.50 

Spracht, HaiTy W 1127 

Sponsler, Albert L., 885 

Spomsler, John, 876 

Spomsler, Joseph D., 1131 

Sponsler, Samuel B 885 

Stackpole, E. J., . 935, 350 

Stable, Noah L 709 

Stamford, Bishop W. M., . . 89, 277 

Stanford, Vincent W., 574 

Stanley, Alfred G 1162 

Stauffer David H 937 

Stauffer, Rev. J. J., 1128 

Stecher, Rev. Henry G., 839 

Steckel, Rev. L. D., 1168, 899 

Steckley, Rev. Matthew, 276 

Stepbenson, John D., 1010 

Stephenson, John L., 1010 

Steele, Gen. .lames, 191 

Steese, Alfred David, 873 

Steese, Jasiab G 874 

Steever, Aaron M., 401 

Steever, James, 401 

Stence, Ephriam. EHjah, 873 

Stence, Benjamin F., 645 

Stem, Emanuel, 572 

Stevens, Rev. B. F., 388 

Stevens, John C, M. D., 388 

Stewart, Andrew, 184 

Stewart, David, 214 

Stewart, Rev. George B., 282 

Stewart, Hug'b, 171 

Stewart, John, 147 

Stewart, Jobn M., 636 

Stewart, Lazarus, Jr., 147 

Stewart, Lazarus, Sr 146 

Stewart, Robert Templeton, . . 200 

Stewart, Samuel, 165 

Still, Samnel G., 987 

Stine, Daniel P., 892 

Stine, Frederick A 391 

Stine, George W 391 


Stine, John P 892 

Stine, Josiah, P 1129 

Stine, Peter E., 908 

Stdne, Peter L., 1128 

Stine, Rev. Milton H., 281 

Stites, George M., M. D., 1181 

Stoey, John R., 488 

Stoner, Milton J., 838 

Storey, James B., 394 

Storey, J. Wilbert 394 

Stouffer, Blias E., 973 

Stouffer, Jacob W 948 

Stout, David Oberlin 838 

Stranahan, James A., 439 

Strauib, Amos, 924 

Straub, William 912 

Strayer, Abraham, 817 

Stray er, Horace R 817 

Strayer, Oliver, F 584 

Strayer, Valentine 752 

Strieker, Albert 859 

Strickler, Adam 687 

Striekler, Joseph S., 677 

Strickler, Ulric'h, 687 

Strite, Abraham, 415 

Strine, Daniel H., 956 

Strite, George W., 415 

Strock, Jacob, 797 

Stroek, John H 797 

Stroh, Isaac F., 483 

Stroh, Winfield Soott, 483 

Strominger, Daniel 514 

Strominger, Frank, 514 

Stroup, Johm B., 1096 

Stroup, John C, M. D., 1095, 1097 

Stroup, J. HariT, 1191 

Stroup, Peter 1095 

Stroup, Samuel B., 1099 

Stroup, N. W., M. D., 1099, 1097 

Stuart, Andrew 145 

Stuart, Rev. John, 146 

Stueker, George B 416 

Stueker, Peter 416 

Studebaker, Clement 638 

Stutsman, John P., 962 

Swab, AaroHi, 1103 

Swab, Daniel, 1102 

Swab, Eli, 1111 

Swab, Isaac 1106 

Swab, Jacob, 1105 

Swab, Jacob, 1111 

Swab, Johm D., 112T 

Swab, John G 1126 

Swab, John Jacob, 1111 

Swab, Jonas, 1102 

Swallow, S. C, 345 

Swartz, J. Ross, M. D 388 

Swartz, Joshua W., . . ; 461 

Swartz, Martin Nissley, 837 

Swartz, Martin N., 461 

Swartz, Robert H., 561 

Swartz, Rev. Solomon L., .... 887 

Sultzaberger, D. O., 983 

Sweigard, Daniel, 840 

Sweigart, Michaiel, 872 

Taylor, William, 725 

Taylor, William H. 470 

Templar, Joseph E 644 

Tenney, Prank 1020 

Thomas, Harry H., 517 

Thomas, Herbert 515 

Thomas, James M 518 

Thomas, Joseph L., 631 

Thomas, Martin, 177 

Thomas, Percy, 515 

Thome, Charles V. M., M. D., 712 
Thompson, Alex. F., . . 1160, 1115 
Thompson, James Baxter, 593, 303 

Thorley, Samuel 400 

Thoriey, Thomas A., 400 

Till, John 228 

Tod, Hon. John, 84 

Towsen. James A 534 

Tracy, David E., 563 

Traver, David B., M. D 1033 

Trullihger, George L., 973 

Trullinger, John E., 952 

Turns, William, 940 

Uhler, Frederick 463 

Uhler, Frederick B., 584 

Uhler, Henry, 463 

Uhler, Jeiremiah, 584 

Ulmer, Jacob, •. . . . 764 

Ulrieh, Adam 841 

Ulriidh, Isaac 973 

Ulriioh, John L 842 

Ulrich, Marion, M. D 1095 

Ulrrioh, Sylvester, M. D 808 

Ulrich, William H 670 

Ulsh, Jaeoib M 918 

Umberger, Dr. David 844 

Umberger, Henry L. 634 

Umberger, John 844 

Umberger, John R., M. D., 845, 844 

Um'hloltz, Emanuel, 890 

Umholtz, Henry, 149 

Unger, .John J., 798 

Urich, John J., 700 

Urioh, Samuel, 570 

Urich, Solomon 570 

VanCamp, William L., 641 

VanHorn, William, 417 

Vajniier, George P 1050 

Vaughn, H. Patrick, 581 

Venbeke, James C, M. D., . . . . 354 

Verbeke, Marion 656 

Verbeke, William K 317 

Vollmer, Charles T 495 

VoUmer, Harry A., 495 

Wagner, Frederick R 843 

Wagner, George, 937 

Wagner, George W., 724 

Wagner, Henry, 937 

Wagner, John, . . . .' 843 

Wagnier, John R 842 

Wagner, Serell, 944 

Walbom, Levi 1060 

Walkemeyer, Henry, 649 

WaJkemeyer, Frederick R 650 

Walker, James, 1015 

Walker, Jajnios Rutherford, . . . 1015 

WaJl, Richard J 672 

Wallace, John J 1170 

Wallace, Joseph 208 

Wallace, Robert, 507 

Wallace, .Samrael T., 1171 

Wallace, Thomas L., 507 

Wallace, William L., 1171 

Wallace, William, 193 

Wallis, Frank J., 484 

Wallis, Joseph 620 

Wallis, Robert, 618 

Wallis, WiUliam 619 

Waiter, Charles P 380 

Walmer, George W., 783 

AV aimer, George, 568 

Walmer, Henry G., 671 

Walmer, John, 568 

Walmer, Noah A., 568 

Walter, Henry 830 

Walter, Henry B., M. D., 377, 384 

Walter, John S., 963 

Walter William, 384 

Walton, Allen, 669 

Walton, Allen K 690 

Walton, Roberit J., 672 

Waltz, Daniel 947 

Waltz, Benjamin, 952 

Watson, Jackson, 484 

Waugh, Beverly Roberts, 248 

Weast, George B., 556 

Weaver, Adam G., 1076 

Weaver, David B 926 

Weaver, Joseph, 870 

Weaver, John S 646 

Weaver, Philip, 1075 

Weber, William 546 

Webmer, Aaxoe, 1130 

Weise, Adam, 149 

Welker, Joslma, 869 

WeJs, James B., 502 

Wendel, Rev. Jacob Hugo R., . 284 

Wenrieh, Framcls, 1051 

•Wennick, Francis, 200 

Weurick, Peter 200 

Werner, Jacob 710 

Westfall, John C, 927 

Whiteside, George A 565 

Whiteside, John B., 565 

Whiteside, John Elton 519 

Whitley, Capt. Michael 175 

Whitman, Bartholomew, .... 753 

Whitman, John, 754 

Whitman, William, 753 

Whitmer, Abralham U., 842 

Whitmoyer, Simon 508 

Whitney, Everett E., 1024 

Whitney, James B., 1156 

Wickersham, Frank B., 977 

W'ier, James Wallace, 386 

Wier, James Wallace, 228 

Wier, John Andrew 225 

Wierman, Thomas T., . . 647, 295 
Wierman, Thomas T., Jr., .... 525 
Wiestling, Benjamin J., M. D., 362 

Wiestling, George P., 337 

Wiestling, Joshua M., M. D.,. 355 

Wiestling, Samuel C 631 

Wiggins, Jdhn, 151 

Wilbert, C. B., 743 

Wilbert, I^evi, 743 

Wild, John 649 

Williams, Edward Charles, 35, 244 

Williams, Evan, 494 

Williams, Frank E., 494 

Williams, Robert E., 502 

Williams, Thomas M., . .1157, 1079 

Willard, John Peter 52 

Williaird, John Peter, 183 

Wilson, Henry, M. D 390 

Wilson, Thomas, 333 

Wilson', Thomas Low, 335 

Wilson, William G., 542 

Wilt, Harry, 996 

Wilveirt, Henry E 868 

WUvert, Henry M 868 

Wimer, L. Edmund, 941 

Winebrenner, Rev. John, 611, 263 

Winger, Henry C, M. D., 397 

Wingert, Jesse, 312 

Wirt, Charles L., 959 

Withers, Samuel, 709 

Withers, Samuel G., 709 

Witman, Daniel, 950 

Witman, Henry Orth, M. D., . . 358 

Wititvan, John, 842 

Witman, John A., 842 

Witman, John Otto 356 

Witman, R. E., 350 

Witmer, Ohnistian, 660 

Witmer, Daniel, 926 

Witmer, Joseph B., 660 

Witmer, Peter, 667 

Witmer. Peter, 660 

Wolf, Elias, 463 

Wolf, Fa-anklin 773, 815 

Wolf, George W 815 

Wolf, Jaoob F 704 

Wolf, William 463 

Wodfie, Gov., 53 

Wolfe, Leroy J., , . 447 

Wolf ersberger, Levi, 1146 

Worden, Henry M. F., 550 

Wordcn, .Tames H., 547 

Worley, Rev. Daniel A. M., . . 267 

Worrfull, James, 166 

WoiTall, John, 166 

Wyeth, Francis, 336 

Wyeth, John, 333 

Wynn, Webster 862 


Yotter, Samuel I^ 843 

Yingst, Frederick W 490 

Yingst, Samuel H., 938 

Young, Harry P 802 

Young, Col. James 801 

Young, .Toihn G., 544 

Young, John Wesley 440 

Young, .fosiah Carothers, .... 245 

Young, Richard, 544 

Young, Robert 152 

Young, Simon Cameron, 802 

Young, Walter S 1156 

Zarker, Andrew U 325 

Zarker, Benjamin, 325 

Zeigler, Francis, 523 

ZiegkT, Col. George, 196 

Zeigler, .Jonathan, 1051 

Zeigler, Richard B 523 

Zellers, Isaac W., D. V. S., . . 390 

Zeirn, Charles, 754 

Zerbe, Jonathain, 1114 

Zimmerman, Amos 745 

Zimmerman, Christian, 735 

Zimmerman, C. O., 233, 560 

Zimmerman, George, 240 

Zimmerman, George Z., 560 

Zimmerman, Harrison, 746 

Zimmerman, Henry, 207 

Zimmerman, Henry, 819 

Zimmerman, Jacob, 746 

Zimmerman, John Frederic, . .734 

Zimmerman, Peter 190 

Zimmerman, Philip, 235 

Zimmerman, Samuel H., .... 462 

Zimmerman, Solomon, 818 

Zimmerman, Valentine 876 

Zinn, Anson B., 646 

Zinn, Edward P 646 

Zollinger, Elias 595 

Zollinger, George 498 

Zollinger, George C, 498 

Zollinger, John Harris, 498 

Zollinger, W. A., 595 





The Early Settlers— Scotch-Irish and German. 

In a brief resume of the history of the 
county of Dauphin it is out of place to treat 
of the Aborigines and even of the early his- 
tory of the State of Pennsylvania, save when 
some allusion to either may be deemed nec- 
essary. We proceed, therefore, to give an 
account of the settlement of the pioneers on 
the Susquehanna within the limits of our 
own county domain. The Founder of Penn- 
sylvania is certainly deserving of grateful 
remembrance for his efforts to settle his 
Province, to protect the pioneers and to fos- 
der their industry and thrift. He was a re- 
markable man in many respects, and his 
"Frame of Government" is a model un- 
equalled by the laws of any of the Colonies 
or Provinces. The " concessions " agreed 
upon in England for the encouragement of 
emigration to his Province was an import- 
ant factor in that great movement which so 
materially assisted in building up this west- 
ern empire, and gave to the world the great 
State founded in peace. The inducements 
by Penn to settlers were not confined to right 
of soil or voice in government, but religious 
tolerance was guaranteed by him. The law 
of religious liberty as framed by him, and 
passed by the first Assembly at Chester on 
the 10th of December, 1682, was the first act 
of toleration ever given to any people in the 
history of nations. 

Owing to this toleration on the part of the 
Proprietary of Pennsylvania, that Province 
became a refuge and home to the people of 
all creeds and religious beliefs. It is true 
that during the life time of the Founder lib- 
erty of conscience was not questioned, but at 
a later period, we regret to say, his religious 
adherents would have throttled tolerance 
had they not feared revolution. 

The Scotch-Irish Immigration. 

Following the advent of the Founder with 
his adherents, the Welsh and English Qua- 

kers, came the emigration of the German, 
Swiss and the Scotch-Irish, and it is proper 
in this place to give an account in brief of 
both these migrations, illustrative of the 
character of the people who first settled the 
county of Dauphin, and to whom after the 
lapse of over a century and a half it has 
risen to be one of the most thrifty, produc- 
tive, enterprising and populous counties of 
the Commonwealth. 

Of the coming of the Scotch-Irish, much 
has been said and written, and as the ear- 
liest settlers within the limits of the county 
of Dauphin belonged to these people, some 
account of this remarkable race is appropri- 
ate here. The question naturally arises, who 
were the Scotch-Irish ? At the first it was 
used as a term of reproach, but to us it has 
become a synonym of enterprise, intelligence, 
patriotism and religious fervor. 

It was during the reign of good Queen 
Bess — the proud Elizabeth of all England — 
that through treason, tyrannj' and rebellion, 
the Province of Ulster, especially the coun- 
ties of Down, Londonderry, and Antrim, Ire- 
land was reduced to the lowest extreme of 
poverty and wretchedness, while its moral 
and religious state was scarcely less deplor- 

Soon after the accession of James I., 
O'Neill, the Earl of Tyrone, and O'Donnell, 
the Earl of Tyrconnel, were falsely accused 
of having arranged a plot against the gov- 
ernment. An accusation being at those 
times tantamount to a conviction, compelled 
those thus arraigned to fly the country, leav- 
ing their extensive estates (about five hun- 
dred thousand acres) at the mercy of the 
king, who at once confiscated them. A sub- 
sequent supposed threatened insurrection, 
promptly suppi'essed, gave occasion for an- 
other large forfeiture, and nearly six entire 
counties in the Province of Ulster were se- 
questrated and subjected to the disposal of 
the crown. Any country passing through 
such an ordeal of turbulence could not be 
otherwise than almost depopulated, with re- 


sources wasted and the cultivation of the 
soil in a great measure abandoned. And 
such was the true condition of Ulster. To 
repeople the country it was determined to in- 
vite the settlement of Protestants from Eng- 
land and Scotland, and hence liberal offers 
of land were made for colonists to occupy 
this wide and vacant country, the better to 
preserve order, to establish more firmly the 
British rule, and to secure loyalty. The 
project was easily embraced, companies were 
formed, and individuals withoutorganization 
were tempted to partake of the advantageous 
offers of the government. A London com- 
pany — among the first to enter upon the 
new acquisition — established itself at Derry, 
and gave such character to the place as to 
cause it to be known and called the city of 

The principal emigration, however, was 
from Scotland. Its coast is within twenty 
miles from the county of Antrim, Ireland, 
and across this strait flowed from the north- 
east a large population, distinguished for 
thrift, industry and endurance', and bring- 
ing with them their Presbyterianism and 
rigid adherance to the Westminster stand- 
ards. This was the first Protestant popula- 
tion that was introduced into Ireland, and 
the Presbyterians of Scotland who thus fur- 
nished tlie largest element have maintained 
their ascendancy to the present day against 
all the persevering efforts of the govern- 
ment church. 

The Province of Ulster, in consequence of 
this influx of population, greatly revived and 
continued for some years to advance in pros- 
perity. In time the throne of England was 
controlled by bigotry and despotism. Per- 
secutions of an oppressive nature began in 
Ulster in 1661, and every expedient was 
tried to break down tlie attachment of the 
people to the faith of their fathers ; yet, as 
is ever the case, persecution only attached 
the people the stronger to Presbyterianism. 

From Ireland the tide of persecution 
rolled to Scotland. The latter Stuarts, — 
Charles II. and James II. — blind to the dic- 
tates of justice and humanity, pursued a 
system of measures best calculated to wean 
from their support their Presbyterian sub- 
jects who were bound to them by national 
prejudice and had been most devoted to 
their kingly cause, and to whose assistance 
Charles IL owed his restoration to the 
throne. Sir James Grabame, better known 
as Claverhouse, was sent to Scotland- with 

his dragoons upon the mistaken mission of 
compelling the Presbyterians to conform in 
their religious worship to that of the estab- 
lishment; and from 1670 until the accession 
of William and Mary the Covenanters of 
Scotland worshiped in hidden places and at 
the peril of their lives. 

The attempts of the Stuarts to destroy the 
religious system so universally established 
and so dearly cherished by that devoted 
people was steadily pursued by persecution 
as cruel and as savage as any which have 
disgraced the annals of religious bigotry and 
crime. Many were treacherously and ruth- 
lessly butchered, and the ministers were pro- 
hibited, under severe penalties, from preach- 
ing, baptizing or ministering in any way to 
their flocks. 

There are some matters connected with 
these persecutions which may not be unin- 
teresting. From 1660 to 1688 no less than 
eighteen thousand Scotch Presbyterians were 
put to death in various ways in defense of 
the solemn league and covenant and Christ's 
headship over the Church. In looking over 
the list of names one is forcibly struck with 
the fact that among them are the very sur- 
names of the Scotch-Irish emigrants to this 
section of Pennsylvania — Allison, Stewart, 
Gray, Thompson, Murray, Robinson, Ruth- 
erford, McCorraick, Mitchell, Kerr, Todd, 
Beatty, Johnston, Hamilton, Finley, Mc- 
Cord, McEwen, Hall, Boyd, Clark, Sloan, El- 
der, Forster, Montgomerj', Robertson and 
others. It would thus seem that we have 
here the lineal descendants of those who 
loved not their lives unto the death, but 
were drowned, hanged, shot, beheaded, and 
their heads stuck upon poles, their bodies 
chopped in pieces and scattered about, in the 
days of that human monster, Claverhouse. 
Through their blood shed in defense of reli- 
gious liberty we enjoy many and great privi- 

Worn out with the unequal contest, these 
persistent and enduring Presbyterians took 
refuge from persecution — abandoned the 
land of their birth — and sought an asylum 
among their countrymen who had preceded 
them in the secure retreats of Ulster, and 
thither they escaped as best they could, some 
crossing the narrow sea in open boats. They 
carried their household gods with them, 
and their religious peculiarities became more 
dear in their land of exile for the dangers 
and sorrows through which they had borne 


This is the race which furnished the popu- 
lation in the north of Ireland, familiarly 
known as the Scotch-Irish. This term — 
American in its origin, and unknown in Ire- 
land — does not denote an admixture of the 
Scotch and Irish races. The one did not in- 
termarry with the other. The Scotch were 
principally Saxon in blood and Presbyterian 
in religion ; the native Irish Celtic in blood 
and Roman Catholic in religion ; and these 
were elements which could not very readily 
coalesce. Hence the races are as distinct in 
Ireland at the present day as when the Scotch 
first took up their abode in that island. 
They were called Scotch-Irish simply from 
the circumstances that they were the de- 
scendants of Scots who had taken up their 
residence in the north of Ireland. 

Taxation and oppression, however, with 
difficulties partly political, partly religious, 
no doubt were the strong motives which one 
hundred and eighty years ago induced the 
Scotch-Irish to leave Ireland. It was not 
the home of their ancestors, it was endeared 
to them by no traditions, and they sought 
and obtained in the wilds of Pennsylvania 
a better home than they had in the Old 

Extensive emigration froni the northern 
counties of Ireland were principally made 
at two distinct periods of time. The first 
from about the year 1717 to the middle of 
the century, the second from about 1771 to 
1773. They were Protestants, generally 
Presbyterians — few or none of the Roman 
Catholic Irish came until after the war of 
the Revolution, and few then until after the 
great political upheaval in 1798, since which 
period, as we all know, the flow of the latter 
class of immigrants has been one continuous 

The Scotch-Irish emigrants landed prin- 
cipally at New Castle and Philadelphia, 
save a handful who had settled on the Ken- 
nebec in Maine, and of these the greater por- 
tion eventually came into Pennsylvania. 
Settling on the frontiers from Easton to the 
Susquehanna and the Potomac, the stream 
of immigration continued south to Virginia 
and the Carolinas. 

The country north of the Swatara had not 
been visited save by French traders prior 
to the coming of ^illiam Penn. After his 
first visit he seems to have been well in- 
formed concerning this locality, and person- 
ally visited it, and at or above the mouth 
of "the Swatara decided to locate a city, and 

proposals were consequently issued therefor 
in 1690. It is easily understood why the 
project was never carried out. The careful 
reader of Pennsylvania history will readily 
comprehend the peculiar conditions sur- 
rounding the founder. The government of 
his Province was giving him serious concern. 
The material composing his Assembly was 
of that stubborn, self-willed character that 
little could be done, and he had as much as 
he could do in the preservation and foster- 
ing of those enterprises he had already be- 

The Early German Settlers. 

The origin of the German-Swiss popula- 
tion in Pennsylvania dates back to the latter 
part of the seventeenth century. As early 
as 1684, Francis Daniel Pastorius, of whom 
the poet Whittier has sung so sweetly, with 
a colony of Germans settled and laid out 
Germantown near to the Metropolis. These 
came from Cresheim, Germany, and were in 
religious opinions and proclivities allied to 
the Quakers. Other colonists followed, set- 
tling in different parts of the Province. It 
was not, however, until the years 1709 and 
1710 that the emigration of the Germans 
was of any magnitude. For two or three 
years previous Queen Anne, of England, 
gave refuge to thousands of the Palatinates, 
who, oppressed by the exactions of the French , 
were forced to flee from their homes. It is 
stated that in the month of July, 1709, there 
arrived at London six thousand five hun- 
dred and twenty German Protestants. Trans- 
portation was gratuitously given many to 
America through the aid of the Queen and 
the government of England. The vast ma- 
jority were sent at first to New York, from 
whence many reached the confines of Penn- 
sylvania, a province the laws of which were 
more tolerant than those of any of the new 
colonies. Among these German emigrants 
were Mennonites, Dunkards, German Re- 
formed and Lutherans. Their number was 
so great during the subsequent years that 
James Logan, secretary to the Proprietary, 
wrote, " We have of late great numbers of 
Palatines poured in upon us without any re- 
commendation or notice which gives the 
country some uneasiness, for foreigners do 
not so well among us as our own English 
■ people." Two years afterwards Jonathan 
Dickinson remarks, "We are daily expect- 
ing ships from London which bring over 
Palatines in number about six or seven 


thousand. We had a parcel who came out 
about five years ago, who purchased land 
about sixty miles from Philadelphia and 
proved quiet and industrious. Some few 
came from Ireland lately, and more are ex- 
pected thence. This is besides our common 
supply from Wales and England. Our friends 
do increase mightily, and a great people there 
is in the wilderness which is fast becoming a 
fruitful field." 

These emigrants settled principally in 
Montgomery, Bucks and Lancastercounties, 
the latter including the present counties of 
Dauphin and Lebanon. They were well 
educated, and brought with them their min- 
isters and school-masters; the latter very 
frequently, when there was a want of supply 
of the former, read sermons and prayers. 

Between the years 1720 and 1725 a large 
number of Germans, who had previously 
settled in Schoharie county, N. Y., descended 
the Susquehanna river on rafts to the mouth 
of the Swatara, ascending which stream, al- 
ready settled b}^ the Scotch-Irish, they took 
up their abode near the waters of the Tulpe- 
hocken, partly in Berks county, some few 
miles within the present limits of Lebanon 
county. The celebrated Conrad Weiser 
was of this party of colonists 

From 1725, for a period of ten years, there 
was another great influx of Germans of vari- 
ous religious opinions — Reformed, Luther- 
ans, Moravians, Swenkfelders and Roman 
Catholics. By a letter of Secretary James 
Logan, in 1725, it appears that many of 
these settlers were not over-scrupulous in 
their compliance with the regulations of the 
land ofiice. He says, and perchance with 
much truth, "They come in in crowds, and 
as bold, indigent strangers from Germany, 
where many of them have been soldiers. 
All these go on the best, vacant tracts and 
seize upon them as places of common spoil." 
He again says, "They rarely approach me on 
their arrival to propose to purchase;" and 
and adds, " when they are sought out and 
challenged for their riglit of occupancy they 
allege it' was published in Europe that we 
wanted and solicited for colonists, and had a 
superabundance of land, and therefore th^ey 
had come without the means to pay." In 
fact, those who thus " squatted " without 
titles acquired enough by their thrift in a 
few years to pay for the land which they had 
thus occupied, and so, generally, they were 
left unmolested. Secretary Logan further 
states, " Many of them are Papists — the men 

well armed, and as a body a warlike, morose 
race." In 1727 he writes, "About six thou- 
sand Germans more are expected (and also 
many from Ireland), and these emigrations" 
he " hopes may be prevented in the future 
by act of Parliament, else these Colonies will 
in time he lost to the Crown." The italics in 
the last sentence are our own. To us it 
seems like a prophecy. 

From 1735 to ^752 emigrants came into 
the Province by thousands. In the autumn 
of 1749 not less than twenty vessels with 
German passengers to the number of twelve 
thousand arrived at I'hiladelphia. In 1750, 
1751 and 1752 the number was not much 
less. Among those who emigrated during 
these years were many who bitterly lamented 
having forsaken their native land for the 
Province of Pennsylvania. At that time 
there was a class of Germans who had resided 
some time in Pennsylvania, well known by 
the name of Neulander, who, acting in the 
capacity of agents for certain firms — promi- 
nent Quakers of Philadelphia — went to Ger- 
many and Switzerland, prevailing on their 
countrymen to sacrifice their property and 
emigrate to Pennsylvania. Many persons in 
easy circumstances at home were induced to 
embark for America. False representations 
were made, lands were offered for the settling 
thereon, a nominal charge was to be made 
for the passage on ship-board, and every in- 
centive employed by these nefarious agents 
to beguile the unsuspecting. 

Of the horrors and privations of that six 
or eight weeks on ship-board we shall not 
refer, the bare recital of which is terrible to 
contemplate even at this late day. The 
condition of these emigrants on their arrival 
was absolutely wretched. The exactions of 
the masters of the vessels, the plundering of 
their baggage by these unscrupulous pirates, 
placed them at the tender mercy of the 
Quaker merchants who purchased the entire 
cargo of living freight as a speculation, such 
being the object in sending out their agents; 
and men, women, and children were thus 
sold at auction for a term of years to the 
highes't and best bidder. It was white slav- 
ery, and those concerned considered that it 
paid them better than negro slavery. We 
have recently examined some records which 
tlirow additional light u^on this subject of 
German emigration, and prove conclusively 
that for years this nefarious traffic was car- 
ried on. This statement is not flattering to 
Pennsylvania and her history, it is true, but 


the people at large or the government were 
not wholly responsible for the acts of those 
who insisted upon their " pound of flesh." 
The persons thus disposed of were termed 
redemptioners. They were usually sold at 
ten pounds for from three to five years' servi- 
tude; and in almost every instance the time 
for which they were sold was honestly served 
out, while many subsequently, by dint of 
industry and frugality, rose to positions of 
wealth and importance in the State and 

In later times, say from 1753 to 1756, the 
Germans having become numerous and 
therefore powerful as " make-weights " in 
the political balance were much noticed in 
the publications of the day, and were at that 
period in general in very hearty co-operation 
with the Quakers then in rule in the Assem- 
bly. From that time onward, although not 
so numerous, almost all the German emi- 
grants to America located in Pennsylvania. 

A manuscript pamphlet in the Fi-anklin 
Library at Philadelphia, said to have been 
written by Samuel Wharton in 1755, con- 
tains certain facts which are worthy of repro- 
duction in this connection, showing, as it 
does, their influence in the Province, whether 
fancied or actual we do not say. "The party 
on the side of the Friends," says the writer, 
" derived much of their influence over the 
Germans, through the aid of Christopher 
Sauer, who published a German paper in 
Germantown as early as 1729, and which, 
being much read by that people, influenced 
them to the side of the Friends and hostile 
to the Governor and Council. Through this 
means they have persuaded them that there 
was a design to enslave them, to enforce their 
young men, by a contemplated militia law, 
to become soldiers, and to load them down 
with taxes, etc., from such causes," he adds, 
" have they come down in shoals to vote, 
and carrying all before them." " To this I 
may add," says Watson, " that I have heard 
from the Norris family that their ancestors 
in the Assembly were warmly patronized by 
the Germans in union with Friends. His 
alarm at this German influence at the polls, 
and his proposed remedies for the then 
dreaded evils, as they show the prevalent 
feelings of his associates in politics, may 
serve to amuse the present generation. He 
says the best effects of these successes of the 
Germans will probably be felt through many 
generations ! Instead of a peaceable, indus- 
trious people as before, they are grown now 

insolent, sullen and turbulent, in some 
counties threatening even the lives of all 
those who oppose their views, because they 
are taught to regard government and slavery 
as one and the same thing. All who are 
not of their party they call 'Governor's 
men,' and themselves they deem strong 
enough to make the country their own ! 
Indeed, they come in such force, say up- 
wards of five thousand in the last year, I see 
not but they may soon be able to give us 
law and language, too, or else, by joining 
the French, eject all the English. That this 
may be the case is too much to be feared, for 
almost to a man they refused to bear arms 
in the time of the late war. and they say it 
is all one to them which king gets the coun- 
try, as their estates will be equally secure. 
Indeed it is clear that the French have 
turned their hopes upon this great body of 
Germans. They hope to allure them by 
grants of Ohio lands. To this end they send 
their Jesuitical emissaries among them to 
persuade them over to the Popish religion. 
In concert with this the French for so many 
years have encroached on our Province, 
and are now so near their scheme as to be 
within two days' march of some of our back 
settlements," alluding, of course, to the state 
of the western country, overrun by French 
and Indians just before the arrival of Brad- 
dock's forces in Virginia in 1755. 

The writer imputes their wrong bias in 
general to their " stubborn genius and ignor- 
ance," which he proposes to soften by educa- 
tion; "a scheme still suggested as necessary 
to give the general mass of the inland coun- 
try Germans right views of public individual 
interests. To this end he proposes that faith- 
ful Protestant ministers and school-masters 
should be supported among them ; that their 
children should be taught the English tongue ; 
the government in the mean time should sus- 
pend their right of voting for members of 
Assembly, and to incline them the sooner to 
become English in education and feeling, we 
should compel them to make all bonds and 
other legal writings in English, and no news- 
paper or almanac be circulated among them 
unless also accompanied by the English 
thereof" " Finally," he concludes, " without 
some such measure I see nothing to prevent 
this Province from falling into the hands of 
the French." A scheme to educate the Ger- 
mans as the one alluded to was put on foot in 
1755, and carried on for several years, but 
really with little good results. The Ger- 


man settlers appreciated education, for they 
brought their ministers and school-masters 
with them, and there were few who could not 
read or write. They could write their names, 
and as great a proportion as their English 
neighbors, the Quakers. The difficulty was 
not alone to educate them in the English 
tongue, but for the English Church. That 
they did not talie kindly to, and after the 
lapse of a century and a quarter in many 
localities there is the same objection to the 
"scheme of 1755." This matter has been 
wrongly construed to the detriment of the 
German settlers, they fostered education, but 
they did not approve being taught the Eng- 
lish vernacular. 

While upon this subject of the early settle- 
ment, it may as well be stated that the Penn- 
sylvania Germans are not the descendants of 
the Hessians, who were brought to America 
by the British government to put down the 
rebellion of 1776, as has repeatedly been 
charged by New England historians. This 
statement is as impudent as it is false. All 
of the German " Mercenaries," as they are 
called, who were prisoners of war and sta- 
tioned in Pennsylvania, according to Baron 
Reidesel, who was one of the commanders, 
were properly accounted for, and were re- 
turned to their own country upon the evacu- 
ation of New York by the British. They did 
not remain; as it was a condition entered into 
by the English government with the Land- 
grave of Brunswick, the Duke of Hesse- 
Cassel, and the petty princes of Hanau and 
Waldeck, that a certain price was to be paid 
for every man killed, wounded or missing. 
Before the official proclamation of peace the 
Hessian prisoners were on their way to New 
York, by direction of the Supreme Executive 
Council of Pennsylvania. Some few de- 
serted, and some eventually returned to 
America after their transportation to Ger- 
many, but the bold assertion that the origin 
of the large German population of Pennsyl- 
vania is due to the settlement of those hired 
mercenaries of England cannot be supported, 
and shows the profoundest historical ignor- 
ance and audacious stupidity. 

Pennsylvania took the lead of the Colonies 
in agriculture because of the great number 
of Germans settling in the Province; and 
Governor Thomas, as early as 1738, wrote, 
" This Province has been for some years the 
asylum of the distressed Protestants of th0 
Palatinate and other parts of Germany, and 
I believe it may with truth be said that the 

present flourishing condition of it is in a great 
measure owing to the industry of those people — 
it is not altogether the goodness of the soil, 
but the number and industry of the people 
that make a flourishing colony" (Col. Rec. 
iv, p. SIS). The exportation of farm products 
kept pace with the increase of the popula- 
tion. In 1751 there were exported 86,000 
bushels of wheat, 3 29,960 barrels of flour, 
90,743 bushels of Indian corn. The total 
exports of 1761 exceeded $1,000,000 in value. 
This was a period when the entire population 
did not exceed 180,000, whereof nearly one- 
half were Germans. 

That the Germans of Pennsylvania have 
been so uniformly successful in acquiring 
wealth is due to their industry, to their thrift 
and to their knowledge of agricultural pur- 
suits. If some portions of Pennsylvania are 
the garden-spots of America they have been 
made so by the Germans who have tilled 
them — who have indeed "made the wilder- 
ness to blossom as the rose."' Not anywhere 
in the New England States, in New York nor 
in the South are farms so well tilled, so 
highly cultivated as in the sections of Penn- 
sylvania where the descendants of the Ger- 
mans predominate ; and we assert, with out 
fear of contradiction, that more works on agri- 
culture, more papers devoted to farming, are 
taken and read by the so-called " Pennsylva- 
nia Dutch " farmers than by the farmers of 
any other section of the Union. That our Ger- 
man citizens are not " content to live in huts" 
is palpably certain, and whoever will go into 
the homes of our farmers will find evidence 
of both refinement and culture, their farms 
being easily distinguished from those of 
others by the great fences, the extent of the 
orchard, the fertility of the soil, the produc- 
tiveness of the fields, the luxuriance of the 
meadows, the superiority of his horse, which 
seems to feel with his owner the pleasure 
of good living. And although their barns 
are capacious, because their dwellings are not 
castles, they should not be accused of indif- 
ference to their own domiciles. At the pres- 
ent time it is rare to find a farm-house in the 
old German settlements that does not con- 
tain a double parlor, sitting-room, dining- 
room, kitchen and outkitchen, with six or 
eight bed-rooms. This is more general in 
the counties of Berks, Lancaster, Lebanon, 
Dauphin and Cumberland than among the 
New England settled counties of the North 
and West — the Quaker counties of Chester 
and Bucks in Pennsylvania — and to go to 


New England, the latter are not to be men- 
tioned in comparison. 

Of the Pennsylvania German language 
or idiom, which is the vernacular of the 
greater portion of the people of this section 
of the State, especially in the farming dis- 
tricts, we will not speak, except to state that, 
at the present time, there are few persons 
speaking this patois who are unable also to 
speak and read English. Those who are 
not conversant with English are of recent 
importation from the Fatherland. Because 
the Dunkards and other religious bodies re- 
tain the peculiar views of their ancestors 
they are accused of being un progressive, of 
preserving the customs and general character- 
istics of the race, which is far from the truth. 
Next to the Scotch-Irish no race has left such 
a high and lofty impress upon this Nation as 
has the German. There is less ignorance 
and superstition in the German counties of 
of Pennsylvania than will be found in 
any agricultural region East, West, North or 
South. Because some old plodding farmer, 
who prefers remaining on his farm attend- 
ing to his cattle and grain, caring little of 
going beyond the county town in his visits, 
his disinclination ought not to be reputed to 
either his ignorance or to his being close- 
fisted. In the German counties one rarely 
meets with an individual who has never been 
" to town," and we venture an opinion that 
both in the New England States and in 
New York are there many persons who have 
never visited the county seat ; and as for visit- 
ing Boston and New York City, where one 
farmer has visited either metropolis, we as- 
sert that two Pennsylvania German farmers 
have seen their own city of Philadelphia. 

German opposition to common schools 
has been a terrible bugaboo to very many 
outside of Pennsylvania, who never under- 
stood the occasion of it. Foremost among 
the opponents of the free-school system 
were the Quakers, the opposition arising 
from the fact that, having had schools estab- 
lished for many years, supported by their 
own contributions, they were opposed to be 
ing taxed for the educational maintenance 
of others. Precisely similar were the objec- 
tions in the German districts. As has already 
been accurately stated, the German emi- 
grants brought their school-masters with 
them, and schools were kept and supported 
by them. More frequently the church pas- 
tor served as teacher, and hence, when the 
proposition came to establish the system 

of public education, the people were not pre- 
pared for it, for the free schools severed 
education from positive religion. But that 
was nearly sixty years ago, and, to the credit 
and honor of the German element in Penn- 
sylvania, Governor George Wolf, the father 
of the free-school system, and .Governor 
Joseph Ritner and William Audenreid, the 
earnest advocates of the same, were of Ger- 
man descent. The opposition died away in 
a few years, and a glance at the school sta- 
tistics of Pennsylvania would open the eyes 
of our New England friends and astonish 
the descendants of Diedrick Knickerbocker. 
The present system and management of 
public education in our State is in the lead 
in the Union, and figures and facts will bear 
us out in our assertion. 

As a general thing the first settlers were 
staid farmers. Their mutual wants produced 
mutual dependence, hence they were kind 
and friendly to each other — they were ever 
hospitable tostrangers. Theirwantof money 
in the early times made it necessary for them 
to associate for the purpose of building houses, 
cutting their grain, etc. This they did in turn 
for each other without any other pay than 
the pleasures which usuall}' attended a coun- 
try frolic. Strictly speaking, what is attributed 
to them as virtues might be called good quali- 
ties, arising from necessity and the peculiar 
state of society in which these people lived — 
patience, industry and temperance. 


John Harris, Trader and Pioneer — Early Assess- 
ment Lists. 

As stated, the settlers began to pour in, and 
warrants for land were taken up in various 
townships, as soon as the land office, was 
opened, it having been closed from the time 
of the death of William Penn until 1732. 
For a record of these warrantees our readers 
are referred to the author's History of Dau- 
phin County, published in 1883. Most of 
these show who were the first settlers in the 
various townships now forming Dauphin 
county. It was not for twenty years after the 
organization of the county of Lancaster that 
we haveany assessment lists, giving thenames 
of the people who inhabited the various town- 
ships. Recentlythe earliest in existence, com- 
mencing in 1751 and continuing down to the 
tkne of the Revolution, came into our pos- 


session and copies made therefrom. For per- 
manent reference these lists are of great value 
and we include them in this sketch of the 
history of our county as being of very great 
import in locating the earliest settlers. 

The first English trader we hear of within 
the limits, of the county was John Harris. 
The fears of the French, who were constantly 
gaining ground in the northwestern part of 
the Province, and especially of " Papists," 
which all at once seems to have filled our 
Quaker friends with terror, it became abso- 
lutely necessary to license only English 
traders, and they of Protestant proclivities, 
so as to prevent communication with the 
French on the Ohio. Among the first was 
John Harris, who perchance entered this 
then lucrative field, the Indian trade, at 
the suggestion of his most intimate friend, 
Edward Shippen, Provincial Secretary. 

Of the John Harris who thus located per- 
manently at Harrisburg, and who gave name 
to that city, it may not be inappropriate to 
refer. " He was as honest a man as ever 
broke bread " was the high eulogium pro- 
nounced by Parson Elder, of blessed mem- 
ory, as he spoke of the pioneer in after years. 
Born in the county of Yorkshire, England, 
although of Welsh descent, about the year 
1673, he was brought up in the trade of his 
father, that of a brewer. Leaving his home on 
reaching his majority, he worked at his call- 
ing some time in the city of London, where he 
joined, a few years afterwards, a company 
from his native district, who emigrated to 
Pennsylvania two or three years prior to 
Penn's second visit to his Province. Watson 
states that John Harris' " entire capital 
amounted to only sixteen guineas." 

We first hear of him after his arrival in 
Philadelphia as a contractor for clearing 
and grading the streets of that ancient vil- 
lage. In 1698 his name is appended to a 
remonstrance to the Provincial Assembly 
against the passage of an act disallowing the 
franchise to all persons owning real estate 
less in value than fifty pounds. The memo- 
rial had its effect, and the objectionable law 
was repealed. By letters of introduction to 
Edward Shippen, the first mayor of Phila- 
delphia, that distinguished gentleman be- 
came his steadfast friend, and through his 
influence, no doubt, were secured those 
favors which induced him eventually to 
become the first permanent settler in this 

In January, 1705, John Harris receiv^ 

his license from the commissioners of prop- 
erty authorizing and allowing him to "seat 
himself on the Sasquahannah," and "to 
erect such buildings as are necessary for his 
trade, and to enclose and improve such 
quantities of land as he shall think fit." At 
once he set about building a log house near 
the Ganawese (Conoy) settlement, but the 
Indians made complaint to the government 
that it made them " uneasie," desiring to 
know if they encouraged it. As in numer- 
ous instances when the provincial author- 
ities were taken to task, they disavowed 
their own acts. Nevertheless, the " trader " 
continued his avocation, making frequent 
visits to the Swawanese villages at the Cone- 
wago and Swatara. It is doubtful if John 
Harris came farther west until after the per- 
manent removal of all the French traders. 

It was during one of his expeditions that 
Harris first beheld the beauty and advantages 
of the location at Paxtang. It was the best 
fording place on the Susquehanna, and then, 
as now in these later days, on the great 
highway between the North and South, the 
East and West. Annually the chiefs of the 
Five Nations went to the Carolinas, where 
were located their vast hunting-grounds, 
and these, returning with peltries, found 
need of a trading-post. The ej'e of that 
hardy pioneer, looking out over the vast ex- 
panse of wood, and plain, and river, saw 
and knew that it was the place for the reali- 
zation of that fond dream of the founder of 
Pennsylvania, the great and good Penn, " a 
city on the Susquehanna." At the period 
referred to, the lands lying between the Gone- 
wago or Lechay Hills and Kittochtinny or 
Blue Mountains had not been purchased 
from the Indians. Of course, neither John 
Harris nor the Scotch-Irish settlers could 
locate except by the right of squatter sover- 
eignty or as licensed traders. As a trader, 
it could only be with the permission of the 

Harris' first move was the erection of a 
store-house, which he surrounded by a stock- 
ade. It was located on the lower bank of 
the river, at about what is now the foot of 
Paxtang street. A well dug by him still 
exists, although covered over about thirty- 
five years ago, the old pump stock having 
become useless and the platform dangerous. 
A mound or hillock about one hundred feet 
southeast of the graveyard denotes the spot. 
" For almost a century," in the language of 
the late David Harris, " this well supplied a 


large neighborhood with water, which was 
exceedingly cool and pleasant to the taste." 
Adjoining his cabin were sheds for the hous- 
ing of peltries obtained by traffic, wliich at 
stated periods were conveyed to Philadelphia 
on pack-horses. 

Some years prior to 1718 an incident took 
place in the life of John Harris which has 
received all sorts of versions, and even 
doubts of truthfulness. We shall give it as 
we believe it, and as traditionary and other 
facts in our possession supply the material 
therefor. All the French traders having 
"gone over Sasquahannah," John Harris 
monopolized the business at Paxtang. In 
glancing over the rec(?rds of the Province of 
Pennsylvania, frequent allusions are made 
to the excursions of the northern Indians, 
either to hunting-grounds in the South or to 
a conflict with a deadly foe. At one time 
the Onondagoes, on a predatory excursion 
against the Talapoosas, in Virginia, descend- 
ing the Susquehanna, left their canoes at 
Harris', proceeding thence to the scene of 
strife. Situated as he was, at the best ford 
on the river, he commanded an extensive 
trade. His Indian neighbors (ShawaneseJ 
were very friendly, and of course would not 
allow any strange or predatory bands to 
molest him. The deadly foe of the red race 
is rum, and although the selling of it was 
expressly forbidden by the provincial au- 
thorities, yet there was scarcely a treaty or 
conference without this potion being a part 
of the presents made by the refined white 
man to his ignorant red brother. Of a con- 
sequence liquor was sold, and we are told by 
Conrad Weiser that on one occasion " on the 
Sasquahannah," the Indians whom he was 
conducting to Philadelphia became so drunk 
that he was fearful of them and left them. At 
the first period referred to, it seems a preda- 
tory band of Indians, on returnmg from the 
Carolinas, or the " Patowmack," naturally 
halted at John Harris'. In exchanging 
part of their goods, probably rum — for this 
seems to have been the principal beverage 
drunk at that period — was one of the articles 
in barter. At least we have it by tradition 
that the Indians became riotous in their 
drunken revelry, and demanding more rum 
were refused by Mr. Harris, who began to 
fear harm from his visitors. Not to be de- 
nied, they again demanded liquor, and seiz- 
ing him, they took him to a tree near by, 
binding him thereto. After helping them- 
selves to whatever they wanted of his stores, 

they danced around the unhappy captive, 
who no doubt thouglit his death was nigh. 

Prior to this the Indian village of Paxtang 
had been deserted, and the inhabitants re- 
moved to the west side of the Susquehanna. 
On the bluff opposite John Harris', as also 
at the mouth of the Yellow Breeches, there 
were lodges of Shawanese, and these held our 
Indian trader in high esteem. Information 
was taken them by Mr. Harris' negro servant, 
when at once were summoned the warriors, 
who crossed the river, where after a slight 
struggle with the drunken Indians they 
rescued from a death of torture their white 

Esther, a daughter of the first John Harris, 
left three daughters: Elizabeth, married to 
Samuel Maclay ; Isabella, married to Wil- 
liam Bell, of New York, and Margaret, mar- 
ried to Isaac Richardson, of Pennsylvania, 
and then or subsequently living in York 
county. All of these granddaughters made 
statements in relation to the occurrence in 

In the year 1840 G. W. Harris had a con- 
versation with Mrs. Bell on this subject. 
She stated that she was born in 1760. That 
in 1766 she was coming from Carlisle, where 
she lived, to Harrisburg with her father and 
some of her sisters. When they came to the 
river opposite to Harrisburg, where William 
Harris was then living, some of the children 
pointed to an old man fishing in the river, 
and they mentioned that he had saved the 
life of his master, John Harris, from the In- 
dians. She said that she understood it to be 
when he was tied to the mulberry tree. 

Robert Maclay, of Kishacoquillas Valley, 
Mifilin county, wrote some years ago a state- 
ment as to this matter, from information ob- 
tained from his mother and her sisters, Mrs. 
Bell and Mrs. Richardson. His statement is 
to the effect that a party of Indians came to 
trade, and after obtaining what Mr. Harris 
had given to them, or traded for, they de- 
manded rum, which he refused. They then 
determined to burn him, and bound him 
with hickory withes to a mulberry tree on 
the bank of the river, and commenced gath- 
ering and piling wood around him. While 
they were gathering wood his negro man, 
Hercules, slipped off and informed friendly 
Indians on the opposite side of the river, 
who at once came in sufficient force to rescue 
and save his master. He added, as the state- 
ment of these ladies, that Mr. Harris set Her- 
cules free, and that afterwards he directed 



that he should be buried under the mulberry 
tree. Hercules died a considerable time after 
the death of John Harris, and is buried 

Mr. Maclay also furnished a statement, 
which he had heard from his mother, to the 
effect that some friends endeavored to dis- 
suade the old gentleman, Mr. Harris, from 
his determination to be buried under the 
mulberry tree, alleging that the river bank 
was being washed away and the grave might 
be exposed and perhaps wasted away, and 
that he ought to be buried in the Paxtang 
church graveyard, but that he silenced all 
argument by saying that if you bury me out 
in Paxtang I'll get up and come back. One 
of his daughters, Mrs. Elizabeth Finley, is 
also buried under the mulberry tree. 

Here, then, is the statement, of Robert 
Harris, a grandson of John Harris, and of 
three of his granddaughters to the alleged 
occurrence at the mulberry tree, and Mr. 
Harris adds that Mrs. Bell and Mrs. Richard- 
son were known to him, and were persons of 
superior intellect. 

Robert Maclay also mentioned an incident, 
as derived from the same source, that an 
Indian in a distressed condition, on a cold 
night, came to the house of John Harris and 
sought admission. He was received and 
lay by the fire during the night. When the 
Indians came to the relief of John Harris it 
is said that this Indian was with them. 

As to whether the alarm was given by 
Hercules, in a conversation with Robert 
Harris, about the year 1840, in which he 
said that the alarm on the occasion in ques- 
tion was not given by Hercules, but in some 
other way, how he did not know; but that 
Hercules had saved the life of his master on 
another occasion, I think he said when he 
was endangered from a steer in the flat on 
the river. But Mr. Samuel Breck, of Phila- 
delphia, previous to October, 1827, wrote an 
account relative to Harrisburg, in which, 
in reference to this alleged occurrence at the 
mulberry tree, he states that the Indians 
who came to the relief of John Harris were 
led by Hercules, and he adds that the nar- 
rative was submitted in substance to the in- 
spection of Mr. Robert Harris, and declared 
by him to be correct. 

When the picture relative to that scene 
(in possession of the State of Pennsylvania) 
was painted by Reeder, who was in com- 
munication with Robert Harris, the latter, it 
would seem, was of opinion that the alarm 

was not given by Hercules, and Hercules 
did not appear in"it. His attention may not ■ 
have been directed especially to the state- 
ment relative to Hercules in the narrative of 
Mr. Breck, or his subsequent recollection 
may have been at fault. The burden of 
evidence seems to be that the alarm was 
given by Hercules, and if it were, he is en- 
titled to representation in the picture. 

We have been thus explicit because the 
incident has been stated as untrue, and 
hence have given such traditionary evidence 
as it has been possible to obtain. 

Although no mention of these facts is 
made in the provincial records, there may 
possibly have been good reason therefor, and 
it is well known that many incidents, well 
authenticated in later years, have not been 
noted in the documents referred to. By 
tradition and private sources alone are they 
preserved from oblivion. It was no myth, 
this attempt to burn John Harris, and al- 
though the pen and pencil have joined in 
making therefrom a romance and height- 
ened it with many a gaudy coloring, yet 
accurate resources have furnished us with 
the details here given. 

The remains of this tree, which in the 
memory of the oldest inhabitant bore 
fruit, stood until 1865 within the enclosure — 
a striking memento of that thrilling inci- 
dent. The late George W. Harris furnished 
the author with certain corrobatory tradi- 
tional evidence, which is herewith given. 
That it did occur was not only traditional in 
the Harris family but also in others. 
The writer's grandmother, Mrs. Elizabeth 
(Thomas) Egle, tarried when a child of fif- 
teen at John Harris', her father then being 
on his way from Philadelphia to his home 
at his mill on the Yellow Breeches. John 
Harris, the founder, in the course of conver- 
sation with her father alluded to the mul- 
berry tree and the rude inclosure of the 
graves at its foot, and distinctly remembers 
then hearing the story in detail which we 
have given. 

Robert Harris, a grandson of the Indian 
trader, stated it as a fact in which he be- 
lieved. According to a memorandum, made 
in his lifetime, he stated that a band of In- 
dians came to the house of his grandfather 
and demanded rum. He saw that they were 
intoxicated, and he feared mischief if he 
gave them more rum. They became en- 
raged and tied him to the tree for burning. 
The alarm was given, and Indians from the 



opposite side of the river came and after a 
struggle released him. 

Early Assessment Lists. 

North End of Paxtang—1750. 

John Harris, 200 a.; James Mitchell, 50 a.; 
Widow Forster, 100 a.; James Mc'Night, 
Moses Dickey, 100 a.; Thomas McCarter 
[McArthur], 100 a.; Samuel Martin, 100 a.; 
Widow Kerr, 100 a.; Thos. Simpson, 100 a.; 
Robert Montgomerj', 100 a.; Widow Farris, 
25 a.; James Alcorn, 200 a.; James Pollock 
[Polk], 40 a.; James Reed, 100 a.; James 
Armstrong, 200 a.; Samuel Price, 100 a.; 
Robert Potter, 100 a.; James Potter, 100 a.; 
William Bell, 100 a.; John Lee, 100 a.; 
Joseph Davis, 30 a,; John Carson, 300 a.; 
Thomas Forster, Esq., 100 a.; Widow Whit- 
ley, 50 a.; Samuel Simpson, 100 a.; Arthur 
Forster, 100 a.; Thomas Elder, 100 a.; An- 
drew Caldwell, 50 a.; William Chambers, 
80 a.; William Cochran, 100 a.; William 
Brown, 100 a.; Francis Johnston, 50 a.; 
James Graham, 100 a.; Widow Armstrong, 
100 a.; William Barnett, 50 a.; Robert 
Curry, 40 a.; Stephen Gambel, 100 a.; John 
Barnett, 50 a.; William Barnett, Jr., 40 
a.; John Wiggins, 100 a.; David Patton, 
1 00 a.; William McMuUen, 100 a.; Francis 
Smith, 10 a.; John Cavet, 100 a.; James Gil- 
christ, 100 a.; Samuel Hunter, 100 a.; Will- 
iam Armstrong, Matthew Cowden, 100 a.; 
John Bell, 100 a.; Richard Cavet, 100 a.; 
John Thompson, 100 a.; James Wilson, 50 
a.; John Caldwell, 100 a.; Andrew Cochran, 
100 a.; James Toland, 20 a.; John Roop, 30 
a.; John Montgomery, 50 a.; Joseph Roop, 
100 a.; Robert Dougal, 100 a.; Thomas Stur- 
geon, 100 a.; Andrew Stewart, 100 a.; George 
Gillespy,50a.; William Hines, 100 a.; Andrew 
Stephen, 200 a.; Alex. Johnston, 40 a.; Rob- 
ert Chambers, 100 a.; John Dougherty (car- 
penter), John Scott, 100 a.; John Cochran, 
100 a.; Samuel Cunningham, 30 a.; Jeremiah 
Sturgeon, 100 a.; Francis Loock, John Wiley, 
20 a.; Widow Wiley, 100 a.; Robert Smith, 
100 a.; John Smith, George Bell, 50 a.; Thos. 
Larrimore, 40 a.; Noah Copley (blacksmith), 
John Chambers, 50 a.; Hugh McCormick, 
2uO a.; David Diney (taylor), William Thorn, 
100 a.; John Johnston, 100 a.; James Eackin, 
20 a.; Samuel Gambel, 100 a.; Thomas Arm- 
strong, 50 a.; John Snoddy 30 a.; Alexander 
McHarge, 50 a. Collectors for ye north end of 
Paxtown 1750 — Thomas Simpson, William 
Bell. Freemen — George Roop, James Means, 

Adam Means, Robert Reed, Joseph Kelso, 
John Steel, William Bell, Oliver Jeens, James 
Micheltree, Robert Delap. 

.Narrows of Paxtang — 1751. 

Widow Murray, Robert Armstrong, John 
Armstrong, Thomas Gaston, William Fors- 
ter, Mr. Robert Armstrong, Thomas Clark, 
John McKennedy, Robert Clark, Thomas 
Adams, Albert Adams, John Watt, William* 
Raskins, Geoge Wells, Francis Glass, George 
Clark, John Mitcheltree, Francis Baskins 
(trader), John Clark, James Reed, James 
English, John Gevens, James Baskins, 
Thomas McKee, John Kelton. Freemen — 
Charles Williams, John Lee (trader). — John 
Kelton, Collector. 

West Side of Paxtang — 1751. 

William Thorn, Hugh Montgomery, Rob- 
ert Dugan, Thomas Sturgeon, John Johnson, 
Widow Forster, James McKnight, John 
Harris, James Reed, James Armstrong, Rob- 
ert Chambers, John Davis, William Ta, 
James Harris, David Carson, William Mc- 
Calley, James Toland, Andrew Stephen, 
John Cochran, Alexander Johnson, Thomas 
Forster, Esq., James Eaken, James Allcorn, 
Thomas Simpson, Widow Kerr, James Polke, 
James Potts, George Gillespie, Alex. McCay, 
John Cavet, Andrew Caldwell, Patrick Gil- 
lespie, John Scott, Samuel Price, Jeremiah 
Sturgeon, Robert Montgomery, John Cald- 
well, Robert Smith, Joseph White, John 
Neal, John Dougherty, George Gabriel, John 
Carson, Samuel Hunter, Widow Armstrong, 
John Daley, Samuel Simpson, Samuel Mar- 
tin, Thomas McArthur, James Collier, 
Thomas Larnard, Andrew Stuart, William 
Barnet, Samuel Gamble, Alexander Sanders, 
Robert Currey, Moses Wain, John Ross, Jo- 
seph Ross, John Smith, James Thorn, Will- 
iam Thorn, Widow Wiley, William Arm- 
strong, William Calhoun, Thomas McCor- 
mick, John Wiggins, John Wiley, John 
Schultz, Andrew Cochran, Robert Potts, 
James Gilchrist. — William Thorn, Col- 

South End of Paxtang — 1751. 

William Kirkpatrick, Thomas King, 
Thomas Mayes, William Steel, Robert Tay- 
lor, Hugh Stuart, Peter Fleming, John 
Shields, Henry Renick, John Gray, William 
Harris, Richard McClure, John Willson, 
William Willson, Oliver Wiley, Thomas 
King, Samuel Galbraith, Martin Shults, 



David Shields, Moses Dickey, Henry Mc- 
Kinney, Hattman Seller, Valentine Starn, 
Jonas Lerue, Thomas Dugan, WidowBrown, 
Alex. Brown, James Lusk, John Means, An- 
drew Hanna, George Sheets, Timethy Mc- 
Knight, William Sharp, Henry McElroy, 
John Johnston, Andrew Johnson, Charles 
Gordan, John Montgomery, Timothy Shaw, 
Robert Wright, Matthew Gordan, Andrew 
•Husten, Samuel Woods, John Welsh, Alex- 
ander White, John Murray, James Mc- 
Knight, Francis Johnson, James Willson. 
Freemen — William Dickey, Patrick McKin- 
ney. — Jacob Sheets, Collector. 

Return of Paxtatig — 1766. 

William McCord, 100 a.; Patrick Mont- 
gomery, 100 a.; Thomas Renick (smith), 200 
a.; Samuel Galbraith (Hugh Davis' land), 
400 a.; Robert Morrison, Andrew Lykens, 
Robert Jones, Aaron Hine, Valentine Starn 
(Peter Gardner's land), 400 a.; Michael Teph 
(John Potts' land), 200 a.; Crisley Swarts, 
200 a.; Jonas Lerue, 200 a.; Richard Fulton, 
175 a.; John Kerr, William Cummens (ye 
Secretary's land), 200 a.; Adam Torrance, 
John Harris, 400 a.; Thomas Chambers, 70 
a.; John Bell, 100 a.; William Steel, 100 a.; 
James Smith, 100 a.; James Thorn, 100 a.; 
Hugh McClay, 160 a.; James Collard, 200 a.; 
George Alexander, 100 a.; George King (ye 
land of Dr. Reker's), 400 a.; Fl'ederick Fogle, 
John Shield, 200 a.; John Moore, Alexander 
McClure, 200 a.; Richard McClure, 200 a.; 
James Lusk, 150 a.; Robert Sterret, 100 a.; 
James Fitzgerald (ye land of Joseph Randies), 
200 a.; James Boyle, 150 a.; James William- 
son, 60 a.; Thomas Dugal, 200 a.; William 
Willson, 200 a.; Jacob Sheets (smith), 100 a.; 
Stophel Monts (ye land Wil'm Kirkpatrick), 
150 a.; William' McClintock, 100 a.; Joseph 
Sherer, 120 a.; John Montgomery, 100 a.; 
Michael Graham, 150 a.; Timothy Shaw, 100 
a.; Edward Sharp, 100 a.; Henry Renick, 150 
a.; Thomas McCord, John Willson, Jr., 200 
a.; Thomas McCarter [McArthur], 100 a.; 
William Sharp, 100 a.; David Sheilds, 120 a.; 
Henry McKiney, 100 a.; Robert Gray, 50 a.; 
Timothy McKnight, 100 a.; William Carson, 
50 a.; Hugh Stuart, 200 a.; John Means, 50 
a.; James Alexander, Thomas King, Sr., 100 
a.; Andrew Hannah, 100 a.; William Kirk- 
patrick, 200 a.; Edward King, 50 a.; Thomas 
King, Jr., 100 a.; Philip Fisher, 50 a.; David 
Walker, 50 a.; Frederick Foster, 80 a.; Will- 
iam Hannah, 100 a.; Moses Dickey (mill- 
wright), 200 a.; Thomas Rutherford, 150 a.; 

Michael Whitley (shoemaker), William Kerr, 
100 a.; James Pollock, 50 a.; Jeremiah Stur- 
geon, 100 a.; James Armstrong (saddler), 50 
a.; Jacob Roop, 199 a.; Thomas Armstrong, 
50 a.; James Huston, 100 a.; Samuel Forgue, 
James Reed, 60 a.; Samuel Simpson (black- 
smith), 150 a.; John Johnston (shoemaker), 
100 a.; Thomas Simpson (smith), 100 a.; Will- 
iam Kelso, Step] en Gamble, 50 a.; William 
McMullen, 50 a.; John Cashon, 50 a.; John 
Gray, 100 a.; Walter Bell, John Wilson, Sr., 
200 a.; Jacob Lantz, 100 a.; George Sheets, 
200 a.; Samuel Martin, 250 a.; James Kil- 
creest, 50 a.; Andrew Huston, 100 a.; Alex- 
ander Johnston (little), Thos. Forster, Esq., 
200 a.; Robt. Potts, 100 a.; George Gillespy, 
100 a.; John Carson, 300 a.; To Edgel's Es- 
tate, 300 a.; Rudy Herr's land, 160 a.; The 
Proprietor's land, 1000 a.; Samuel Hunter, 
100 a.; Arthur Simpson, Robert Armstrong, 
100 a.; Denis Dougherty, Neal McGlaughlin, 
James Wallace, 200 a.; Andrew Stephen, 100 
a.; William Calhoon, 10 a.; James Thorn, 
100 a.; John Cochran, 30 a.: Patrick Gillespy, 
100 a.; Archibald McCollogh (ye land Jas. 
Wilson's), 50 a.; Philip Kinder, Jacob Sider 
(the land Henry Deyarmond's), 100 a.; John 
Montgomery (youngest), 60 a.; William 
Chambers, 100 a.; Joseph White, 50 a.; John 
Smith, 100 a.; John Ross, 100 a.; James 
MacKnight, 50 a.; Andrew Caldwell, 100 a.; 
William Wallace, 60 a.; John Barnett, 50 
a.; William Barnett (black), 50 a.; William 
Barnett (white), 20 a.; David Patten, 200 a.; 
Thomas McCormick, 200 a.; Robert Gilchrist, 
222 a.; William Bell, 100 a.; Matthew Cow- 
den, 200 a.; Robert Taylor, 400 a.; Matthew 
Brown, 100 a.; Catherine Harris, 100 a.; 
Thos. Mays, 100 a.; Thos. Alexander (school- 
master), John Gilchrist (smith), 240 a.; James 
Calhoun, 100 a.; William Woods, 40 a.; 
Robert Carson, 30 a.; Henry Harley (ye land 
Peter Miller's), 150 a.; Henry Sharp, 100 a.; 
William McKnight, 100 a.; John McCollom 
(ye land John Nives), 150 a.; David English, 
100 a.; Thos. Sturgeon, 150 a.; Andrew 
Stuart, 100 a.; Robert Stephen, 20 a.; John 
Wiley, 100 a.; John Neil, 50 a.; Alex. John- 
ston (big Alick), 100 a.; William Armstrong, 
John Cavet, 100 a.; John Johnston, 100 a.; 
James Gayly, 50 a.; Henry MacElroy, 100 a.; 
John Johnston (whitelocks), 100 a.; John 
Montgomery (Patrick's son), 50 a.; Robert 
Heslat, 50 a.; John McKeever, 50 a.; John 
Jameson, 100 a.; Robert Curry, 150 a.; Alex. 
Meharg, 50 a.; Robert Wright, 100 a.; Will- 
iam McClure, Joseph Wilson, 50 a.; Alex. 



Mahon (ye land Thos. Forster's). Land 
Holders — All these the time was so short, I 
had not time to go to their houses, but 
they're all land holders. John Wiggins, 
James Thorn, Joseph Ross, James Potts, 
Widow Cavet, Moses Swan, George Clark, 
John Ross, Robt. Montgomery, Widow 
Wiley, John Scott, Hugh McCormick. 
Widows — Widow Cunningham, 50 a.; Widow 
Calhoun, 100 a.; Widow Smith, 100 a.; 
Widow McKnight, 50 a. Fled from ye In- 
dians — Anthony Thompson, Barney Tolan, 
Hugh Gibson, Michael Gibson, John Cham- 
bers, Alexander Murray, John Young, 
James Miller, James Murray. Freemen — 
Joseph McCord, inmate to Patrick Mont- 
gomery; Daniel Lindley, at Valentine Sturn's; 
Alexander Caldwell, at Thomas Chambers' ; 
John Sterling, Samuel Steel, at William 
Steel's ; Thos. Mays, Jr., at Thos. Mays' ; 
William Simpson, Robert Barkley, at John 
Shields'; John Collier, ^t his father's; Jere- 
miah Brandon, at George Ellis'; Charles 
McKillip, at Richard McClure's; Phillip 
Donnelly, at Valentine Sturn's ; James Black, 
at Widow Boal's ; Patrick McGranahan, at 
Jacob Awl's; Jacob Awl (tanner), Richard 
Carson, at John Carson's; Patrick Hodgon, 
John Patrick, at Andrew Stewart's; Jonathan 
Cummins, at John Harris'; Charles McGran- 
ahan, John Forster, at Justice Forster's; 
James Eakins, Jr., William Cowden, at 
Matt. Cowden's; John Sipapson, at Thos. 
Simpson's ; Moses Dickey, Jr., John Mont- 
gomery, at his father's; Robt. Montgomery, 
at John his father's; Robert Fruit, at Andrew 
Huston's ; Walter Clark, Geo. Clark's son ; 
William McClure, at Oliver Wiley's ; Luke 
McCool, an old man at Thos. Dugan's. Re- 
fused to give their Return {Covenanters) — 
Alexander Brown, James Brown, Ben. 
Brown, William Brown, John Caldwell, 
James Eakin, Peter Corbit, Geo. Fisher, one 
nager. — Hugh Stuart, Collector. 


James Armstrong, Jacob Awl, James Arm- 
strong (tenant), John Albright, Thomas 
Alexander, William Armstrong, Thomas 
Allen, James Alexander, Thomas Arm- 
strong, George Alexander, Robert Britwell, 
Widow Boyd, Benjamin Brown, Martin 
Brown, James Brown, Alex. Brown, William 
Brown, John Bell, John Bell (tenant), Wal- 
ter Bell, Samuel Brice, William Bell, John 
Barnett, William Barnett, Sr., William Bar- 
nett, Jr., Richard Carson, James Collard, 

James Calhoun, John Carson, William Car- 
son, Michael Cassel and Michael Casel, Jr., 
John Chambers,William Chambers, Andrew 
Chaeren (?), Peter Eaby, William Chambers, 
John Caldwell, Martin Cowden,Widow Coch- 
ran, John Cochran, George Clark, John Cavet, 
John Chambers, Andrew Caldwell, William 
Calhoun, James Cilley, John Carson, Moses 
Dickey, Thomas Dockham, Rev. John Elder, 
James Ekins, Jr., David English, Robert 
Fruit, Thomas Forster, Esq., Richard Fulton, 
Frederick Foster, George Fisher, Samuel 
Galbraith, George Gross, Robert Gray, 
Michael Graham, George Gray, John Gray, 
Patrick Gillespy, George Gillespy, John 
Harris, Andrew Huston, William Hannah, 
Widow Hannah, Widow Harris, Samuel 
Hunter, Robert Haslet, John Johnston, 
Robert Jones, John Johnston, Alexander 
Johnston, Philip Kinter, Edward Kiug, 
Thomas King, Sr., Thomas King, William 
Killpatrick, William Kerr, Robert Killcreese, 
James Killcreese, John Killcreese, John Kis- 
ler, (Landlord's Part), John Lukins, James 
Lisk, Jonas Lerue, Samuel Laney, Henry 
McSeney, Richard McClure, William Mc- 
Clure, Thomas Mays, Widow McKnight, 
Hugh McGillap, John Means, Samuel Mar- 
tin, Tinnle McKnight, Stofel Man, John 
Montgomery, William McMullen, John Mc- 
Caver, John Montgomery, Sr., John Mc- 
Chulen, William McKnight, Alexander Mc- 
Clure, Alexander Maugham, Robert Mont- 
gomery, John Montgomery, Thomas Mc- 
Arthur, Hugh McCormick, Alex. Murry, 
Patrick Montgomery, Robert Montgomery, 
Alexander McHort, John Neal, William 
Nicholson, Robert Potts, David Patten, 
Thomas Rutherford, James Reed, Henry 
Renick, Jacob Roop, John Ross, Joseph 
Ross, Timothy Shaw, Thomas Simpson, 
Samuel Simpson, William Steel, James 
Smith, Robert Stuart, Nicholas Stugh, Hugh 
Stuart, John Shield, David Shield, George 
Sheets, Henry Sharp, Edward Sharp, Will- 
iam Sharp, Joseph Sherer, Frederick 
Swicker, Jeremiah Sturgeon, Andrew 
Stuart, Andrew Stephen, James Sloan, John 
Smith, Widow Smith, Christian Swartz, John 
Steel, Valentine Starn, Thomas Sturgeon, 
John Scott, Michael Tafer, Thomas James 
and William James, Adam Torence, Will- 
iam Thome, James Thorne, James Will- 
iamson, William Willson, John Willson, 
Jr., Joseph Willson, Joshua White, Robert 
Wright, Robert Whitley, Thomas Willey, 
James Wallace, John Wright, Widow Wil- 



ley, David Walker, James Woodside. Free- 
men — William Boggs, Isaac Bell, James Bell, 
John Bell, Robert Cochran, William Cow- 
den, John Cowden, John Conrad, Arthur 
Cuningha;m, Alexander Diver, William 
Davis, Andrew Eakins, Robert Eakins, Will- 
iam Gibbons, Joseph Gray, John Hannah, 
Daniel Linwell, Thomas Little, Thomas 
Mays, Charles McCannahan, William Mc- 
Cardney, Andrew McCollum, Thomas Mc- 
Arthur, Thomas McCord, William Mont- 
gomery, Nathaniel Paul, Robert Renick, 
John Rutherford, John Sterling, Samuel 
Steel, George Sheets, William Smith, David 
Sterrett, Robert Fruit, Thomas Kennedy. 

Paxtang Continental Tax — 1779. 

John Alleman, Stophel Alleman, Conrad 
Alleman, Chrisley Alleman, John Arm- 
strong, John Achia, Jacob All, Jacob B. 
Brand, George Bennett, Conroad Burghough, 
John Bowman, William Brown, John Bar- 
nett, John Barnett, Sr., Andrew Berryhill, 
Alexander Berryhill, William Boyd, Thomas 
Bell, Peter Bobb, William Bell, Thomas Bra- 
man, Henry Bolls, Peter Brener, John Boyer, 
James Burd, John Bowman (weaver). Bear- 
foot Brunson, Jacob Barkley, Casper Byerley, 
Felty Beaker, Philip Brown, Conroad Bobb, 
John Barris, Widow Boggs, John Buck, John 
Boughman, Sam Byers, John Brand, Max'll 
Chambers, Robert and Roland Chambers, 
Hugh Crocket, George Consort, Robert Cald- 
well, John Cavits, William Calhoon, John 
Chambers, William Cochran, James Coch- 
ran, Widow Caldwell, Hugh Cunningham, 
John Clehdining, William Carson, Cornals 
Cox, Samuel Clemins, John Cline, James 
Cogley, John Cogley, James Crouch, Land 
sold by Carson, James Collier, John Clark, 
Frederick Cassel, Michael Cassel, George 
Carson, Richard Carson, Daniel Cooper, 
John Cassel, Matthew Calhoon, Samuel 
Cochran and James Sherer, James Cow- 
den, John Cambel, James Cavit, Archi- 
bald Cambel, Philip Crinar, James Dun- 
can, Robert Duglas, George Dickson, 
William Dickey & Porter, Peter Duffey, 
Christian Demmey, John Doneley, John Din- 
sey, John Davis, Rev. John Elder, Robert 
Elder, John Elder, Joshua Elder, Johii Elder, 
Jr., Adam Eckert, Stophel Earnist, Abraham 
Ea^le, Joseph Flora, Jr., George Facklan, 
John Foster, John Fritz, Phillip Fisher, John 
Flackameer, Joseph Fultain, Bernard Frid- 
ley; George Fridley, Joseph Flora, Sr., Ven- 
del Fachlar, Frederick Foster, Tames Fin- 

ney, John Garber, John Gilcrist, Esq., John 
Galiaher, George Gray & Joseph, John Gau- 
day, William Gibbins, John Graham, John 
Gilcrist, John Gray, Joseph Gregg, Robert 
Gilcrist, Joseph Hutchinson, Samuel Hutch- 
inson, Andrew Huston, John Hatfield, Jo- 
seph Hufman, William Hetrick, Patrick 
Heaney, Henry Humbarger, John Hilton, 
Jacob Haldiman, John Harsha, John Harris, 
James Harris, Martin Houser, Tice H oove 
Patrick Hogan, Alexander Hetherton, John 
Hersha, Alexander Johnson, John Jamison, 
Peter Isonhaver, James Johnson, Joseph 
Ervin, William Kerr, Thomas King, Will- 
iam Keays, John Kinsley, William Kelso, 
Jacob Kerr, Joseph Keller, John Kis- 
nor, Adam Kitchmiller, Will'm Kirkpat- 
rick, Edward King, .John Little, John 
Larkey, Widow Lider, Patrick Lusk, Adam 
Lampart, Michael Lyms, Francis and George 
Lerue, Jacob Lymes, John Maxwell, John 
Means, Alexander McHargue, William Mc- 
Millen, George McMillen, William McRob- 
erts, John McElhenney, Thomas McCormick, 
Robert Montgomery, Jacob Miliar, Hugh 
Montgomery, John Matthews, John Meader, 
David Montgomery, James McKee, John 
Moor, Thomas Miller, George Millar, James 
McCoard, Jonathan McClure, Rowan Mc- 
Clure, Alexander McClure, Richard Mc- 
Clure, John Mumma, Thomas Murray, 
James Mahan, William McClure, Jacob Mil- 
lar, John McKeary, Rev. Joseph Montgom- 
ery, William Montgomery, William McClan- 
ahan, Joseph Mark, John and James Mc- 
Kinney, Robert McWhorter, Thomas McAr- 
thur, John Murray, Andrew McClure, Robert 
Neel, Francis Nieckel (col.), Eliab Neagley, 
Widow Nab, George Heviland, John Nooip, 
Abraham Nidigh, Christian Paige, Michael 
Peasinger, David Paton, Michael Pitner 
(Bitner), John- Parthimar, Stephen Poor- 
man, George Pancake, John Postlethwaite, 
Jacob Poorman, Jacob Peck, George Page, 
Peter Pancake, George Pile, Felty T -i.-- 
cake, Samuel Rutherford, Simeon Rear- 
don, Hugh Robertson, Paul Randolph, 
James Rutherford, George Reniear, John 
Roop. Jacob Roop, Sr., Jacob Roop, Widow 
Renick, Capt. John Rutherford, David 
Ritchey, Michael Smith, Jacob Stricklar, 
Jacob Springer, Henry Stoner, John Steel^ 
George Shanklin,William Simonton,Wi]liam 
Swan, Richard Swan, Frederick Switser, 
Matthew Smith, Esq., George Shoop, Lar- 
rence Smith, Stophel Soop, Jeremiah Stur- 
geon, George Sheets, Andrew Stewart and 



Charles, Samuel Simpson, Sr., Joseph Simp- 
son, Samuel Simpson, Jr., William Smith, Sto- 
phel Smith, Felty Snider, Andrew and Zach. 
Stephen, Hugh Stephen, Felty Spangler, 
Jacob Smith, Jacob Siders, Michael Sheaver, 
Michael Smith, Widow Shell's place, Joseph 
Shaw, Barnard Soop, Petter Smith, Elijah 
Stewart, George Sheets, Hugh Stewart, Leon- 
ard Sheets, John Shoemaker, Petter Shearer, 
Andrew Smith, Mary and Joseph Smith, 
Jacob Shafner, Robert Smith, David Toot, 
George Tevibaugh, Christley Temey, John 
Thompson, George W^illiams, Hugh Ray, 
Robert Wiley, John Wiggins, Josiah White, 
Leonard Wallower, Thomas Wiley, Joseph 
Wilson, Jr., Robert Whitehill, Mathias Win- 
agel, James Wallas, John Winderley, Samuel 
Wiley, John Wilson, Sr., John Wilson, Jr., 
Jr., John Wilson, Jr., Alexander Wilson, Jo- 
seph Wilson, Sr., Joseph Wilson, Jr., Abner 
Wickersham, Hugh White, Widow Whitley, 
Moses Vance, Conrad Yoance. 


Mark Snider, Christian King, Daniel 
Con, Peter Shuster, John Snider, George 
Lowman, Felty Welker, Abraham Tarr, 
Henry Davis, Henry McCan, John Len- 
ning,' Peter Richart, John Myers, Henry 
Shaffner, Henry Harris, MartainHemperley, 
Nicolas Castle, George Metsker, Philip Graft, 
George Fry, Christian Spayd, Ludwick Hem- 
perley, Abraham Gross, Daniel Huffman' 
Dr. Robert Kenedy, Jacob Snider, Plenry 
Millar, Frederick Zebernick, John Mitcher, 
John Bacenstose, John Holaback, John De- 
france, Michael Gross, Conrad Wolfley, Will- 
iam Walls, Jacob King, Thomas and Will- 
iam Crabb, Alexander Jamison, Philip 
Shockey, Christian Shertz, Adam Means, 
George Gross, Patrick Scott, Samuel Parks, 
Thomas Minshall, David McClure, Daniel 
Dowdle, Tliomas and Henry Moor, Peter 
Millar, Adam Millar, George Aman, David 
Atley, Philip Parthemore, Christian Hep- 
peck, Paul Hemperley, Christopher Sea- 
baugh, Henry Myers, Samuel Seratzy, Philip 
Etley, Frederick Hubley, William Crabb. 
Young Men — Conrad Toot, Joseph Barnett, 
William Cowden, James Spence, Robert 
Douglas, Anthoney Whikerel, John Miller 
(weaver), William Wilson, John Fleming, 
John Cochran, John Whitehill, Henry Bit- 
ner, Richard Hughs, John Darby, John 
Boyd, William Wright, Robert Elder, 
Thomas Strahan, James Currey, John Baird, 
Barnard Fridley, John Millar, George 

Smith, William Lochery, Adam Ritter, 
Frederick Overlander, William Witner, John 
Millar (stonecutter), Emanuel Bollinger, Mi- 
chael Gross, David Shaw, Matthew Gilchrist, 
James Wiggins, Melhar Millar, Charles Mc- 
Coy, Hugh McLay, Lodwick Dagon, Henry 
Alleman, John Page, John Fisher, Mathias 
Winagel (saddler), Stephen Poorman, Robert 
Clark, William Murray, Mungo Linsey, 
Abraham Brunson, William Stewart, Jacob 
Sider, David Toot, John Parks, Robert Gray, 
Thomas Murray, Peter Pancake, John Mc- 
Knighton, John Shearer, John Stoner, Sam- 
uel Smith, Robert Marshall, Jacob Fridley, 
John McCaghan, Andrew Berreyhill, George 
Woods, Nicholas Nagle. 

JJpper Faxtang — 1779. 

Robert Armstrong, Sr., Robt. Armstrong, 
Jr., William Ayers, Richard Allison, Peter 
Brown, William Bell, John Bell, Sr., John 
Bell, Jr., Joseph Brown, John Brown, James 
Birney, Felty Brough, Widow Baskin, Will- 
iam Boyce, James Buchanan, James Bell, 
Thomas Black, James Black, Dan Black, 
Robert Boyd, Thos. Barnett, Robert Boyd 

(stiller), Hugh Calhoon, Campbell, 

George Clark, John Chambers, Peter Corbit, 
John Cochran, William Campbell, Samuel 
Cochran, Joseph Colligan, James Clark, 
Robert Crawford, John Colligan, John Dun- 
can, John Dice, David Davis, Jacob Eyraan, 
John Elder, Adam Eckard, Stephen Forster, 
William Forster, William Foulks, James 
Forster, Conrad Fry, John Garber, Tlios. 
Gallagher, Adam Gartner, Michael Garber, 
John Gilmore, Thomas George, Alexander 
George, Alexander Givins, William Gonow, 
Larry Hatton, Michael Herman, Anthony 
Hoone, George Holmes, Marcus Hulings, John 
Hatfield, Isaiah Jones, Isaac Jones, David 
Ireland, William Johnston, Widow Kess- 
ler, John Kinter, Thomas Kearns, William 
Kennedy, John Kays, William Linsey, James 
Leonard, Patt LafFerty, Joseph Little, Henry 
Little, Henry Leek, Henry McCloskey, Abra- 
ham Monney, Robert McGill, Patrick Mc- 
Elhare, John Mellan, Patt Martin, John 
Meetch, Robert McCord, James McCall, John 
McFadden, James Murray, John Mordock, 
Joseph McElrath, Arch'd Murray, Widow 
Minsker, Widow McComb, John Murray, 
David McCracken, James McNamara, Mar- 
tin Newbecker, Thos. Oarim, Sam'l Plough, 
Malachi Powell, Aaron Pecker, James Pea- 
cock, John Ryan, Sr., John Richmond, Alex- 
ander Randels, John Ringler, John Ryan, Jr. 



Conrad Rhoads, William Smith, Joseph and 
George Straw, Conrad Smith, Jacob Striker, 
Ludwick Shellman, Patt Sufferin, Thos. Stur- 
geon, Peter Snagerty, Michael Stiver, Robert 
Smith, John Simpson, Alexander Spear, 
James Sloane, George Simmons, John Taylor, 
Samuel Taylor, George Taylor, Jacob Tin- 
dorff, John Thomas, William Thompson, 
Thos. Thompson, Henry Vanderbach, Robert 
Walker, James Walker, Hugh Watt, Michael 
Yanelet. Freemen — John Snagerty, John 
Golden berry, George Simmers, Herman Leek, 
Conrad Leek, Geo. Bell, Geo. Cochran, Peter 
Sturgeon, Philip Newbecker, Philip Tinturff, 
Cristley Eyman, Jacob Eyman, John Ayres, 
John Boyce, James Spear, Henry Taylor, 
Isaiah Winn. Non-Resident Land-owners — 
Jacob Rizet, Peter Landish, Ruben Hains, 
John Cline, James Tillman, John Leadick, 
George Fry, John Cline, Bulls Land, Isaiah 
Jones, Peter Pelley, Alexander Bartram, 
Timothy Mattlack, John Flora, John 
Mumma, Person Harshaw, Bertram Gal- 
braith, Robert Neal, Mich'l Herman, Mc- 
Clure's land, Dinnis Dougherty, John Meetch , 
Joseph Little, Widow Duncan, W^idow Scot, 
Frederick Humble, Jacob Waggoner, Cris- 
tian Hattocks. 

Upper District, Wiconisco — 1779. 

John Boashart, Benjamin Buffington, Lud- 
wick Bretz, Stephen Bend, Charles Barger,Cut- 
lip Cline, Widow Cline, Widow Cooper, Philip 
Clinger, John Coleman, Michael Divler, Mat- 
thias Divler, John Didde, Joel Free, Anthony 
Fralick, George Fight, Peter Grubb, Peter 
Huffman, Nicholas Huffman, John Huff- 
man, Jacob Herman, David Herman, Henry 
Haynes, Peter Heckart, Abraham Jury, Sam- 
uel Jury, William Ingram, Adam King, 
Stophel Lark, Daniel Leman, Jacob Mitz, 
John Miller, John Motter, John Myers, George 
Minnich, Nicholas Meek, Abram Neighbour, 
Geo. Nigla, Henry Omholtz, Joseph Philips, 
Richard Peters, John Powell, Jacob Bickel, 
William Rider, John Rider, Philip Ros- 
coulp, George Riddle, George Supe, Yost 
Stiver, Michal Salady, Fitter Stonebreaker, 
Stophel Sheesly, John Sheesly, Jacob 
Sheesly, Jacob Shotts, Linord Snider, .Jacob 
Smith, Lodwick Shotts, Michael Shadel, 
George Seal, John Salady, Zacheus Sponing- 
berry, Abraham Snider, Christian Snoak, 
Michael Titrich, James Woodside, Martin 
Weaver, Henrj' Wolf, Adam Wertz, Jacob 
Weaver, Henry Werfel, Peter Woobery, An- 
drew Yeager, The Rev. Mr. Enderline. Free- 

men — Ludiwick Shotts, Jonathan Woodside, 
John Philips, John Herman, William Arma- 
gost, Jacob Easterly. 

Located Tracts, Wiconisco — 1779. 

George Free, James Baeham, Nicholas 
Miller, Henry Winover, Abraham Riggey, 
Andrew Boggs, Stophel Martin, Crawford's 
land, Peter Isk, Abraham Reggey, John 
Shough, Isaac Keller, Frederick Stone- 
breaker, Martin Lowman, Thos. Car- 
michael, Geo. Eakard, Simeon Snider, 
Laudis Winger, Arthur Tikert, Patt 
Work, Frederick Sleigh, Caleb Day, Simeon 
Snider and Groff, Aaron Levi, Bertram Gal- 
braith, Daniel Williams, Felty Overlady, 
Michael Miller, Jacob Whitmore, William 
Poor, George Fry, John Cline, John Meek- 
land, Philip DeHaas, Martin Cryder, Michael 
Groscolp, Simeon Brand, Frederick Deigh, 
Henj'y Wails, Sam. Sleight, Levi Simeon, 
Doctor Light, John Clendinin, George Free, 
John Didde, George Hawk, Blacher's land, 
Daniel Wolf, Simeon Snider, Daniel Mawer, 
Geo. Shaddle, Cristley Snider, Phipil Reel, 
Michal Welker, Henry Minsler, Jacob Shaver, 
John Hackard, Jacob Covel, Andrew Rigla. 

West End of Derry—1756. 

Adam Baum, Matthew Laird, William 
Spencer, Hugh Black, Thomas Black, James 
Ireland, John Laird, Adam Walker, Robert 
Taylor, William Breden, David Campbell, 
James Russell, Moses Patterson, John Cook, 
John Crockett, John Penelton, William 
Thompson, Lawrence McGill, Isaac Penel- 
ton, Moses Campbell, James Willey, William 
Sterrett, Samuel Murray, Robert Ramsey, 
James Walker, James Willson, William Mc- 
Cobb, William Drennan, James Semple, 
Thomas Park, Robert Bradshaw, Matthew 
Willson, Joseph Candor, Moses Willson, 
Stophel Shoop, Alexander Fleck, Adam 
Waggoner, James Carothers, Peter Barsh, 
John Singer, Jacob Couts, Dewalt Baker, 
Simon Singer, George Bombaugh, Henry 
Corber, Anthony Weirick, Peter Spengler, 
Peter Grossglas, David Etley, Edward Mar- 
tin, John Tice, John Fleming, George Beaver, 
Francis Newcomer, Henry Hart, Jacob Al- 
bright, Max Spidle, Peter Kinder, James 
Chambers, Andrew Robinson, James Clark, 
Thomas Hall, Robert Willson, John Carr,' 
John Vanlear, James McCoye, Samuel Shaw| 
Robert Carothers, John Weir, Hugh Caroth- 
ers, Andrew Weir, George Wedaberger, Rob- 






ert Armstrong, Andrew Hershey, John Mul- 
len, Martin Brand, Ulry Hipsher, James 
Russell, Jacob Bromek. Freemen — James 
Swaty, James Harris, Robert Brety, Thomas 
Care, John Bowman, John Clark, Robert 
McKee, James Vanleer, James Henry, James 
McCormick, Mr. Hipsher's stepson, one Ken- 
nedy at James Cander's, William Fomly. 

East Side of Derry—17S8. 

Robert Allison, Jacob Albright, Adam 
Burckholder, John Bowman, Joseph Berry- 
hill (weaver), Robert Boyd, William Boyd, 
Wendel Bow, John Campbell (Duncan's es- 
tate), John Campbell (McCord's land), James 
Campbell, Vincent Cooper, Michael Cassell, 
John Chestnut, Charles (Jlark, John Camp- 
bell, Anthony Carman, John Duncan, Leon- 
ard Deininger, Thomas Eakin, Nicholas 
Ebert, John Early, John Espy, George Espy, 
William Espy, Ludwick Elser, David Fos- 
ter, Robert Foster, Widow Foster, James 
Foster, Melchoir Flenckpow, Henry Freek, 
Philip Fishburn, John Gourly, Jacob Grove, 
Frederick Hummel, John Kay, Anthony 
Hemperly, George Henry, Patrick Hay, 
Robert Hay, Hugh Hay, Widow Hall, John 
Hall, David Johnson, Adam Kettering, Felty 
Kettering, John Keesemer, .Patrick Kelly, 
George Kelly, Stophel Liverton, Jacob Long- 
necker, Jacob Lemah, John Logan, Thomas 
Logan, Felix Landis, Jr., Frederick Morral, 
John Montgomery, David Mitchel, Wendel 
Minick, Andrew Moor, William Moor, John 
Moor, John Maybane, John Maybane, Jr., 
Jacob Martin, Robert Mordah, Samuel Moor, 
Widow McCallen, Robert McCallen, John 
McCullough, Robert McCleery, William Mc- 
Cord, Neil McCallister, Thos. McCallen, John 
McCallister, John McQueen, Josiah Mc- 
Queen, John McQueen, Jr., Nathaniel Nes- 
bit, John Over, Widow Binneogle, Moses 
Potts, Jacob Brunk, Abraham Reamer, 
Philip Reamer, Abraham Reigal, John 
Roan, David Rea, Conrad Rash, Andrew 
Roan, John Rea, William Robinson, Will- 
iam Sawyer, Christly Snyder, John Sawyer, 
Jacob Steely, Christly Stickley, George Bals- 
bach, iLumbard Shellan, Widow Sloan, 
Peter Dollenbough, Felty Dollen bough, John 
Tanner, David Taylor, William Willson, 
John Walker, Henry Walker, James Walter, 
John Walker, Conrad Washhon, Archibald 
Walker, James Willson, James Walker. 
Freemen — Joseph Carmony, Thomas Mit- 
chel, James Carson, James Morton, Robert 
Kennedy, John Mordah, Robert Mordah, Jr. 

[I have been Eleven Days taking the re- 
turn of the within Township. 

Robert Mordah. 
December 20th, 1758?\ 

West Side of Derry—1758. 

Jacob Albright, Robert Armstrong, Widow 
Blackburn, Anthony Blessly, Michael Bach- 
man, Thomas Bell (blacksmith), Will- 
iam Bredan, Hugh Black, Martin Brand, 
Adam Baum, Peter Barsh, George Bom- 
baugh, George Beaver, Dewalt Baker, 
Thomas Black, Arthur Chambers (for 
James Chambers' land), William & John 
Carson, Hugh Carothers, James Clark, 
James Carothers, Jacob Couts, Joseph 
Candor, Robert Cryder, Arthur Chambers, 
Robert Chambers, Moses Campbell, John 
Crocket, Adam Dalker, William Drennan, 
David Etley, George Frey, John Fleming, 
Michael Gensel, Michael Hoover, Jr., Ulry 
Hipsher, Frederick Hummel, Adam Ham- 
aker, Thomas Kail, Andrew Hershey, Jr., 
Michael Hoover, John Harris, Esq., James 
Ireland, John Carr, Peter Kinder, John 
Laird, Matthew Laird, Felix Landis, Samuel 
Murray, Lewis Murray, John Newcomer, 
Albert Nelson, James Nelson, Robert Nelson, 
Francis Newcomer, Thomas Park, Moses 
Patterson, John Porterfield, Samuel Reed, 
James Russell, Sr., James Russell, Robert 
Ramsey, Andrew Robinson,William Strieker, 
StofFel Shoop, William Starrett, Daniel 
Straw, Geo. Stevenson, Esq., William Spen- 
cer, Mathias Stahl, Peter Spengler, Simon 
Singer, John Singer, Philip Shuger, Widow 
Semple, Max Spidle, James Shaw, Alexan- 
der Sterrett, Jacob Stoufter, Robert Taylor, 
John Tice, John Vanlear, John Vance, John 
Willson (non-resident land), George West- 
berry, Conrad Wolfley, Adam Waggoner, 
Matthew Willson, Robert Walker, Moses 
Willson, Samuel Walker, Anthony Weirick, 
Lawrence McGill, Edward McConnal, Hec- 
tor McClain, Samuel McCormick, William 
McComb, Robert McKee, Widow McKee. 
Freeman — James Harris, George Shinlin, 
Lawrence Strieker, Frederick Cassler, John 
McCollough, James Vanlear, James Henry, 
James Snoddy, John Waugh, Andrew Lenny, 
James Feuton, James Walker, John Bow- 

Derry Township — 1769. 

Adam Slaymaker, Alexander Fleck, An- 
drew Bayer, Abraham Strickler, Anna Ire- 
land, Abraham Derr, Andrew Shredly, An- 



thony Blessly, Abraham Copa, Archy Mont- 
gomery, Adam Thomas, Adam Baum, Bedy 
Blackburn, Bernard Queen, Christy Stouffer, 
Jennie Chambers, Cassel Beyers, Christly 
Smith, Christlj'^ Brunner, Christly Alleman, 
David McHorter, Galloway's land, David 
Clinn, David From, Benjamin Hershey, 
David Johnson, Felix Landis, Frederick 
Hess, Frederick Zeller, Frederick Brands- 
letter, Frederick Shott, George Balsbaugh, 
George Pf ail, Henry Slaymaker, Henry Lan- 
dis, Henry Fritz, Handel Wentz, Henry 
Hoover, John Semple, John Kaufman, John 
Brindel, John Hamaker, John Laird, Jacob 
Haldeman, John Raysor, John Borrish, John 
Singer, Jacob Smith, John Hershey, Jacob 
Lime, Joseph Brinn, James Russel, Jacob 
Metzger, John Abler, John Witmer, James 
Shaw, Jacob Ross, Joseph Kinder, John 
Carr, Jacob Nissly, Isabel Hall, Joseph Reif, 
John Fleming, John Evans, John Parthe- 
more, Moses Wilson, Martin Houser, Ma- 
thias Young, Moses Campbell, Mathias 
Bricket, Max Spidle & Son, Matthew Laird, 
Martin Brand, Michael Hoover, Nicholas 
Bass, Peter Berst, Peter Bucks, Peter Gros- 
glass, Robert Crotter, Robert McKee, Robert 
Walker, Robert Dollar, Robert Brickey, 
Galloway's land, Robert Allison, Robert 
Ramsey, David Ramsey, Stophel Alliman, 
Oliver Ramsey, Samiiel Rich, Galloway's 
land, Sarah Chambers, Samuel Clark, George 
Bower, Christopher Bogner, Andrew Rid- 
linger, Martin Reaf, Adam Dean, Michael 
Kramer, Widow Wetherholt, Peter Spate, 
Jacob Reigert, Christian King. Freemen — 
Frederick Stahl, Daniel Staper. 

Derry Township — 1770. 

Robert Allison, Stophel Alliman, John 
Abler, Christy Alliman, Jacob Albright, 
George Balsbaugh, Elisha Blackburn, Peter 
Bucks, Anthony Blessly, Martin Brand, 
Peter Berst, Cassel Beyers, Adam Baum, 
Martin Brand, Ludwick Brand, John Boor- 
ish, Nicholas Bass, Joseph Brim, George 
Bails, Mathias Bricker, Christley Braneer, 
John Parthemore, Abraham Copa, Daniel 
Clim, Moses Campbell, Sarah Chambers, 
Samuel Clark, John Carr, Robert Crotter, 
Isaac Chambers, Abraham Derr, William 
Denn, Jacob Dudmilen, William Ears, John 
Evans, Alexander Fleck, Henry Fretz, John 
Fleming, David From, Peter Grosglas, Jos- 
eph Galloway, Archy Montgomery, John 
Gingrich, Adam Hamaker, Frederick Hess, 
John Hamaker, Jacob Haldeman, Michael 

Huber, Henry Hamaker, Andrew Hershey, 
David McHorten, Isabell Hall, Anna Ireland, 
David Johnson, John Kaufman, Jacob Kass, 
Robert McKee, Joseph Kinder, Adam Lam- 
bert, Henry Landis, Peter Landis, Mathew 
Laird, William Laird, John Laird, Jacob 
Linn, Wendel Minek, Jacob Max, Jacob 
Metzger, Elias Nagly, Henry Nover, Jacob 
Nissly, John Prentill, William Brinton, Bern- 
hard Queen, John Raysor, James Russell, 
Samuel Reith, Thomas Ramsey, Robert 
Ramsey. Joseph Reif, Stophel Rernsway, 
Max Spidle, Andrew Sherdly, Max Spidle 
(inmate), Christly Stouffer, John Singer, 
Christly Smith, Abraham Strickler, Fred- 
erick Shott, Jacob Smith, James Shaw, 
Daniel Sharrat, John Sampel, Ulry Sharr, 
William Shaw, Stophel Shoop, Adam 
Thomas, Henry Thomas, Moses Wilson, 
Wendel Wentz, John Witmer, Robert 
Walker, James Welsh, Matthew Young, 
Frederick Zeller. 

Frederick Town — 1770. 

Peter Spare, Jacob Reigert, Sussanah 
Wetherholt, Bastian Crawas, John Cramer, 
Christian King, Frederick Hummel, Widow 
Emerick, Ludwick Shad, Jacob Haman, 
Andrew Ridlinger, Adam Deen, Bernard 
Fridley, Jacob Myer, Christopher Bogner, 
John Philips, Jacon Isaac, Henry Bessem, 
Andrew Herauf, Henry Sheaffer. Freemen 
— Henekel Ebert, Wm. Krap, Bernard Folk, 
Samuel Hall, Jacob Fridley, George Shoop. 

East End of Hanover Return — 1760. 

Joseph Willson's land, 100 a.; John Dixon, 
100 a.; Hugh McQown, 100 a.; John Ramsev, 
100 a.; Edward McMurray, 100 a.; Jaco"b 
Stuckey (upon a rented place), Mathias 
Plouts, 100 a.; William Stover, 100 a.; Jacob 
Stover, 100 a.; Thomas Strain, 50 a.; John 
Myers, 100 a.; William Woods, 100 a.; Robert 
Strain, 50 a.; Joseph Todd, 100 a.; John 
Todd, 100 a.; Walter Bell, 140 a.; Jos. Mc- 
Courtney, 50 a.; James Dixon, 100 a.; Will- 
iam Thomson, 50 a.; .John Strain, 100 a.; 
Robert Heslet & Porterfield (upon a rented 
place), John Crawford, 100 a.; William Rob- 
nison, 100 a.; Peter Stuart's land, 100 a.; 
Humphrey. Cunningham, 100 a.; Stophel 
Sees, 100 a.; Henry Hover, 100 a.; Samuel 
Grevy, 50 a.; Thomas Shonla, 100 a.; John 
Young, 200 a.; Adam Reed, 200 a.; John 
Sloan, 100 a.; John Sloan, 100 a.; Samuel 
Sloan, 100 a.; William Young, 200 a.; Joseph 
Clark, 100 a.; Abraham Williams, 200 a.; 



Jack Williams, 100 a.; William Clark, 100 a.; 
George Titel, 100 a.; Jonathan Hide (free- 
man), Robert Gibson (freeman), Joseph 
Haupt, 100 a.; Hugh Giliiland, 150 a.; John 
Foster, 100 a.; Widow Nidig, 100 a.; John 
Andrew, 100 a. Durst Brightbill, 200 a.; 
William Watson's land, 100 a.; Robert Ber- 
ger (a poor man), Brice Innis, 200 a.; John 
Morton, 50 a.; Thomas Prest, 200 a.; John 

, 150 a.; Jos. Greenlee, 50 a.; John 

Thomson, 40 a.; Andrew McMehon, 40 a.; 
Anthony McCreight, 50 a.; George Shekley 
(upon a rented place), John Creage, 160 a.; 
Patrick Gillespie, 100 a.; John Grevy, 100 a.; 
Alexander Thomson, 100 a.; Alexander 
Sloan, 100 a.; Joseph Grevy, 100 a.; 

Samuel , 100 a.; John Brown, 100 

a.; Barnet McNitt, 50 a.; John McGloone, 
50 a.; Jacob Ricar, 50 a.; Adam McNiley, 50 
a.; John Henderson, 50 a.; John Andrews, 
100 a.; Patrick Brown, 50 a.; Lazarus 
Stuart, 100 a.; John Goningham, 100 a.; 
William Goningham, 100 a.; Joseph Stuart, 
200 a.; Leonard Longe, 100 a.; Walter Mc- 
Farland's land, 150 a.; Peter Walmer, 100 a.; 
Joseph Smiley, 80 a.; Jacob Moser, 50 a.; 
Moses Vance, 100 a.; John Bruner, 100 a.; 
Peter Hetrick, 100 a.; John Kechiler, 50 a.; 
John Giliiland, 100 a.; Henry Bachman, 

100 a.; Mathias P ,100 a.; Philip Maur, 

100 a.; Mike H , 50 a.; George Shep- 

ard, 100 a.; Paul Shepard, 50 a.; Joseph 

Young, 50 a.; Martin Light, 50 a.; 

, 100 a.; Young John Tike, 50 a.; 

John Toops, 100 a.; Jacob Toops, 100 a.; 
Roudey Hauk, 100 a.; Peter Bucher, 30 a.; 

Philip Golpe, 50 a.; , 50 a.; 

Benjamin Clark, 100 a.; Joseph Williams, 
100 a.; Widow Tittle, 100 a.; Anthony Rosen- 
bome, 200 a.; John Stuart, 100 a.; Jacob 
Ricar, 30 a.; Robert Hinkroad, loO a.; Con- 
rad Ick, 50 a.; Jonathan Hume (freeman), 

Robert Gibson (freeman), Frederick 


East End of Hanover — 1756. 

Durst Brightbill, Andrew Karsnits, John 
Foster, John Young, Martin Light, William 
Young, James Williams, Joseph Hoof, Daniel 
Angony, Samuel Sloan, John Sloan, Mathias 
Door, James Clark, Isaac Williams, John 
Stuart, James Young, John Andrew, Adam 
Reed, Esq., Benjamin Clark, George Tittle, 
John Forney, John Dubbs, John Weaver, 
Rudy Houk, Jacob Dubbs, Anthony Rosen- 
bom, John Tibbin, Jr., John Tibbin, Sr., 
George Sheflfer, Devolt Angony, William 

Clark, Peter Hedrick, Nicholas Winter, 
Adam Harper, James Stuart, Lazarus Stuart, 
Patrick Brown, John Cunningham, Henrj' 
Weaver, Stophel Sees, Adam McNelly, Jacob 
Rigard, Thomas Price, John Crawford, Will- 
iam Graham, Alexander Martin, William 
Thomson, John Mire, James Dixon,' Walter 
Bell, William Woods, James Todd, James 
McCurry, Christopher Ploutz, Erice Innis, 
George Miller, Isaac Sharp, Jacob Stover, 
William Stover, John Jacob Stover, John 
Thomson, John Dixon, William James, 
Widow Cunningham, Leonard Miller, John 
Anderson, Anthony McCreight, James Mc 
Crory. Freemen — William Wootsen, John 
Hume, Thomas Hume, John McClure, Sam- 
uel Endsworth, John Compbler, John Egter- 
son, Anthony McCreight. 

West End of Hanover — 1766. 

Mathew Snoddy, Joseph Willson, John 
McCormick, Henry McCormick, Adam Ham- 
aker, Widow Parks, Loracce Ralican, David 
McClenaghen.Sr., David McClenaghen, John 
McNeely, James Finney, Thomas Finney, 
Robert Snodgrass, Robert Love, Samuel 
Young, Daniel Shaw, John Woods, Charles 
McClure, John Taylor, John Hutchinson, 
Daniel Brown, Widow Rodgers, Seth Rodg- 
ers, Samuel Stewart, Hugli Rogers, Wm. Rog- 
ers, Joseph McKnight, James Baird, William 
Thompson, William Truesdell, Matthew 
Thornton, Francis McClure, William Rogers, 
John Brown, Alexander McElheuny, Sam- 
uel Robinson, ThomasFrench, James Finney, 
James French, Thomas Sharp,John Sharp, 
John Cooper, William Cooper, John Thomp- 
son, David Furgison, William Allen, John 
McClure, James Wright, Thomas Robinson 
(miller), Michael McNeelj^, James Robinson, 
John Stuart, Thomas McMullin, John Mil- 
ler, Robert Martin, Samuel Stuart, Gyon 
Strain, James Rippeth, Robert Wallace, 
James Willson, Matthew Taylor, Hugh Will- 
son, Autoney Ealor, William Galbraith, Ben- 
jamin Wallace, Samuel Barnett, Robert Por- 
terfield, Joseph Hutchinson, Robert Mont- 
gomery, Philip Ambrister. — Francis Mc- 
Clure, Collector. 

Hanover Assessment — 1769. 

Samuel Sterret, 150 a.; John Shergs, 100 
a.; Archibald Sloan, 150 a.; Samuel Sloan, 
150 a.; John Stuart, 200 a.; James Stuart, 
200 a.; Lazarus Stuart, 200 a.; George 
Shever, IcO a.; James Ripeth, 100 a.; Hugh 
Ripeth, 100 a.; William Ripeth, 50 a.; James 



Robinson, 200 a.; E. Rosenbery, 100 a.; 
Effey Robinson, 260 a.; James Riddel, 150 
a.; James Riddel, Jr., 150 a.; Ketren Rogers, 
100 a.; John Rogers, 100 a.; Adam Rogers, 
100 a.; Adam Rogers, 80 a.; Philip Robin- 
son, 190 a.; Joseph Ripeth, 80 a.; George 
Rogers, 100 a.; James Rogers, 200 a.; Jacob 
Richer, 100 a.; Thomas Robinson, 100 a. 
Adam Reed, Esq., 290 a.; Christian Ramberey, 
100 a.; Robert Huston, 150 a.; Joseph 
Hutchison, 120 a.; Joseph Hutchison, 150 a. 
John Hay, 100 a.; Robert Hume, 190 a. 
Bartholmew Heans, 100 a.; John Hutchison 
200 a.; Adam Harper, 320 a.; Peter Hetrick 
150 a.; Joseph Huff, 150 a.; Ruddy Hooke, 
100 a.; John Henderson, 100 a.; John Hill 
200 a.; Thomas Hume, 100 a.; John Halo 
back , James Beard, 100 a.; Robert Bell 
255 a.; William Brown, 150 a.; William 
Barnet, 150 a.; Andrew Brown, 100 a.; Will 
iam Brandon, 100 a.; Daniel Brown, 100 a. 
Thomas Bell, 100 a.; Thomas Bell, 180 a 
Martha Barnet, 200 a.; Samuel Brown, 100 
a.; John Brown, 200 a.; John Brown, 100 a. 
William Brown, 100 a.; George Brightbill 
218 a.; Barnet Besore, 100 a.; Mathias Besor, 
100 a.; Jacob Besor, 100 a.; William Cooper, 
100 a.; Adam Clemar, 50 a.; John McCol 
lough, 150 a.; William Clark, 150 a.; Will 
iam Clark; Benjamin Clark, 200 a. 
James Clark , 90 a.; John Campbell, 200 a. 
William McClure ; Mary Conyngham 
100 a.; Elizabeth Conyngham, "200 a. 
John Crawford, 100 a.; Frances McClure, 
100 a.; James McClure, 100 a.; John Craw- 
ford, Jr., 50 a.; Henry Counts, 80 a.; James 
McClure, 150 a.; James Parke, 100 a.; Thomas 
Price, 65 a.; Mary Price, 120 a.; Robert Por- 
terfield, 100 a.; Matthew Snodey, 120 a.; 
Robert Snodgrass, 120 a.; Joseph Snodgrass, 
140 a.; John Stren, 100 a.; John Smiley, 100 
a.; George Smiley, lOO a.; Daniel Shaw, 150 
a.; Samuel Stuart, 150 a.; John Stuart, 100 
a.; John Swan, 100 a.; John Tibney, Sr., 100 
a.; John Tubs, 100 a.; Jacob Tubs, 200 a.; 
George Tittel, 150 a.; William Thompson 
(weaver), 100 a.; William Ferguson, 200 a.; 
Thomas French, 100 a.; John Foster, 211 a.; 
Walter McFarland, 200 a.; Ruddy Fray, 200 
a.; John Fox, 200 a.; Thomas Finey, 50 a.; 
James Finey, 100 a.; James Finey, Sr., 180 
a.; Thomas Finey, 50 a.; James French, 
50 a.; James Low ; Samuel Young, 50 
a.; William Young, 230 a.; John Young, 
295 a.; Robert Martin, 100 a.; Robert Mont- 
gomery, 80 a.; John Montgomery, 250 a.; 
Thomas McMuUen, 150 a. Freemen — John 

Parke (weaver), James Petticrew (weaver), 
George McMullen (weaver), William Clark, 
John McClure (weaver), George Shanklen 
(weaver), David Stren (shoemaker), William 
Dermond (weaver), Samuel Robinson, Robert 
Hill, John Wilken (schoolmaster), Hugh 
Willson, James Andrew (blacksmith), James 
Andrew, John McFarland (carpenter), Will- 
iam Willson; William McElheney 200 a.; 
Samuel Endsworth, 100 a.; Doctor John 
Letes ; Sebastian Kinsner, 150 a.; Will- 
iam Allen, 200 a.; Joseph McNutt, 100 a.; 
Matthew Gelor, 100 a.; Robert Brown, 100 
a.; Mary Dermond, 200 a.; James Wright, 
100 a.; Matthias Poor, 100 a.; Patrick Brown, 
90 a.; William Diver (tailor); John 
Dixon, 250 a.; James Dixon, 200 a.; John 
Andrew, 150 a.; John Andrew, 200 a.; Tim- 
othy McGuire, 200 a.; James McQuown, 265 
a.; John McQuown, 299 a.; Brice Innis, 229 
a.; William James, 190 a.; John Gettey; 
William Graham, 111 a.; Edward Mc- 
Glanigen, 100 a.; William Graham, 180 a.; 
John Gililand, 100 a.; James Greenlee, 100 
a.; John Graham, 100 a.; Hugh Glenn, 50 a.; 
James Todd, 200 a.; John Thompson, 200 a .• 
James TaggCTt; John Thomson, 130' 
a.; William Thornton, 100 a.; William 
Thomson, 80 a.; William Trousdal, 200 a.; 
John Thomson, 100 a.; John Tibens, 100 a.; 
John Taylor, 150 a.; James Willson, 199 a.; 
Hugh Willson, 199 a.; Robert Wallace, 200 
a.; Joseph Willson, 100 a.; Samuel Walkers, 
150 a.; John Woods, 100 a.; James Willson, 
100 a.; Joseph Willson, 103 a.; Andrew 
Woods, 190 a.; Thomas Willson (weaver); 
Peter Walmei-, 130 a.; James Williams, 
98 a.; John Weaver, 100 a.; James Willson, 
200 a.; William Wattson, 100 a.; Henry Mc- 
Cormick, 150 a.; John McCord, 100 a.; David 
McClanochan, 150 a.; John McClanochan, 
150 a.; John McCormick, 100 a.; Anten Mc- 
Creight, 80 a.; William McClure, 90 a.; 
Thomas McClure, 90 a.; John McClure, 100 
a.; Eleanor McClure, 150 a.; William Mc- 
Clintock, 390 a.; Alexander McColm, 100 a.; 
John Cameron (one cow), William Gargin 
(one cow), John Glenn (one cow). 

Hanover Assessment — 1782. 

Capt. William Allen, Joseph Allen, James 
Andrew, Widow Andrew, Francis Alberthal, 
Nicholas Alberthal, Michael Boughman, John 
Brown, Sr., William Brown, Esq., Samuel 
Bell, Widow Baird, William Brown, Samuel 
Brown, Jr., Philip Brand, John Brown, Joseph 
Barnet, William Branden, Jacob Bowen, 



Andrew Brown, George Brouse, Michael 
Brown, Philip Bomgartner, Peter Bridbile, 
John Bridbile, (Japt. Uaniel Bradley, Balzer 
Bomgartner, John Bear, Robert Bell, John 
Backer, John Bomgartner, David Caldwell, 
Jacob Cook, Esq., Andrew Cooper, James Cal- 
hoon, Richard Crawford, John Cooper, Widow 
Crawford, Joseph Crain,- William Cathcart, 
George Crain, Patrick Cunningham, Capt. 
Ambrose Crain, Widow Campbell, Benjamin 
Clark, Jr., Michael Cunkle, Andrew Carvery, 
Henry Clover, John Craig, James Caldwell, 
James Dixon's widow, Richard Dixon, Sankey 
Dixon, Richard Dearmond, John Dolliuger, 
Peter Ebersole, Robert Ewing, Christian 
Earley, Josias Espy, John Entsworth, Eman- 
uel Tuye, Samuel Ferguson, Michael Finlaw, 
Adam Firebough, Thomas Finey, Robert 
Fleoman, John Ferguson, Widow French, 
Anthony Fox, Richard Finley, Samuel 
Finey, Casper Freeman, Thomas Frederick, 
Robert Folten, Timothy Green, Esq., Joseph 
Green, John Graham, Hugh Glenn, James 
Graham, Capt. William Graham, Henry 
Graham, Plenry Graham in trust, Robert 
Greenlee, Curtis Grubb & Co., Christian Hu- 
ber, John Herring, Andrew Horner, Adam 
Hamaker, John Hume, Leonard Humbarger, 
Joseph Hutchison, AJaraham Host, James 
Hamble, John Harper, Conrad Helm, Henry 
Hess, William Hedrick, Peter Hedrick, 
George Hedrick, Thomas Hume, Widow Hill, 
Isaac Harrison, David Hoy, John Huber, 
George Haynes, Joseph Hutchison, Sr., Rich- 
ard Johnson, James Johnson, Israel Low, 
Andrew Kerr, Robert Kenaday, Thomas Ken- 
nedy, Andrew Killinger, Samuel Kearsley, 
Ludwig Kleck, Peter Kingrey, Daniel King, 
Maj. Abraham Latcha, Widow Leidy, Jacob 
Lose, John Lose, Henry Lowmill^r, Widow 
Low, John McClintock, William Montgom- 
ery', Esq., William Montgomery, Capt. Will- 
iam McCullough, William Miskimons, James 
McMullen, John McCown, John McCown in 
trust, William Michael, John McCormick's 
widow, Robert Moody, Thomas McNear, 
Widow McCormick, James McClure, Conrad 
Moyer, George Mi nig, Jacob Moyer, Killian 
Mark, George Mease, Jacob Millen, John Mc- 
Cord, Daniel Musser, William McFarland, 
Michael Moura, John McCallen, John Mc- 
Callen in trust, Capt. James McCreight, 
Thomas McCord, David McGuire, Martin 
Miley, Barnard McNutt, Daniel Miller, James 
Porter, James Parks, Robert Porterfield, Mi- 
chael Poise, Josepli Pirkey, Nicholas Poor, 
Frederick Peasore, Mathias Peasore, George 

Peasore, George Peasore, John Bruner, John 
Pickel, James Pet, Col. John Rogers, Jacob 
Righard, William Robinson, Jacob Ram, 
James Ripeth, James Robinson, William 
Ripeth, James Rogers, Widow Ram, Jere- 
miah Rogers, William Riddle, William Rog- 
ers, John Robinson, John Rouck, Samuel 
Robinson, George Rumberger, Peter Rambol, 
Peter River, John Raver, David Ramsey, 

William Ramsey, Philip Rank, Martin R , 

George Ramsey & Co., John Romatch, John 
Righard, John Righard in trust, Jacob Road, 
Adam Stone, Balzer Stone, John Snodgrass, 
Samuel Sturgeon, Widow Swan, Samuel Stew- 
art, John Snyder, Robert Sturgeon, Peter 
Spelsbough, William Snodgrass, John Ster- 
ritt, Henry Sharp, Jacob Sant, Jacob 
Sprecher, John Sim merman, Ulrey Sach- 
ery, William Snody, Henry Sigler, Widow 
Stewart, John Shuby, Michael Seltzer, Arch- 
ibald Sloan, Widow Stewart, William Stew- 
art, Q. M., Philip Seidensticker, Nicholas 
Snyder, Peter Smelzers, William Sloan, 
Henry Shue, Abraham Stine, John Sy- 
mon, Alexander Sloan, Widow Strean, 
John Shue, Ludwig Seanng, Valentine 
Shouffler, John Tod, David Tod, Robert 
Templeton, James Tagart, William Trous, 
John Thompson, John Thompson, Sr., 
George Title, William Thome, Jacob Tups, 
John Tubbin, Jacob Tubbins, James Tod, 
Capt. James Wilson, Thomas Walker, Widow 
White, Andrew Waler, George Ward, James 
Waller, Andrew Wilson, Hugh Wilson, 
James Wilson, Sr., George Wallmore, John 
Weaver, Jacob Wolf, Deobald Wentling, 
Christian Wingard, Abraham Wingard, Peter 
Walmore, Sr., Peter Wallmore, John Winter, 
Bartholmew Wentle, William Young, Jr., 
James Young. Inmates — Benjamin Fulton, 
Jacob Houck, John Martin, Robert Fulton, 
Neal Matten, John Elder, Alexander Foster, 
John Patterson, David Moffett, Francis Fer- 
guson, David Kingrey, . William Clockey, 
James Wilson, Robert Lues, Hugh Morris, 
Valentine Spelsbough, George Bruner, Fred- 
erick Bickel, John Stover, Micliael Moyer, 
John Moore, Patrick Gallent,. James Bradden, 
Robert McFarland, William Fleeman, John 
Dunlay, Robert Strain, David Hays, Alex. 

ander Mc , James Johnson, Alexander 

Hechet, William Cunningham, Charles Mc- 
Elroy, Hugh Jolly, Henrj' Menig, George 
Maura, John Pitre, John McBride, John 
Young (smith), Smith, Andrew Young, 
Henry Bruner, John Wallmore, James Robin- 
son, Jacob Creamor, Peter Weiry, John Arm- 



strong, George Espy, Adam Weaver, Eave 
Huffnagle. Freemen — John Young, Nicholas 
Bruner, John Bruner, Henrj'^ Stone, Henry 
Peasore, Duncan Sinkler, Martine Miller, 
William Hume, Hugh Rippelly, Edward 
Striddle, John Morrison. People living over 
the mountain — John Smiley, Jacob Graff, 
Jacob Fealer, George Unger, Peter Bucher, 
Casper Grasson, Christian Fox, Thomas 
Smiley, David Petticrue, Conrad Smith, John 
Shups, George Sider, Abraham AUes, John 
Carverry, Peter Kling. 


Summary of Events up to the Struggle for Inde- 

Proceeding onward, with our brief history 
of Dauphin county and the lists of its early 
settlers, we find that about 1740 the influx 
of emigration, especiall}' of the Scotch-Irish, 
was so great that family after family re- 
moved down the Cumberland Valley to the 
Potomac and beyond, into Virginia and the 
Carolinas. This tide of settlers was one con- 
tinued stream until the thunders of the Revo- 
lution checked emigration to America. They 
can be traced from their resting place among 
their relations and friends in the townships 
of Paxtang, Derry and Hanover, to their de- 
scendants of the present day, who are promi- 
nent among the representative people of the 
South and West. The assessment lists, of 
which we have given, contain probably 
double the number of names found later on, 
showing how these people, pioneers of the 
wilderness, like bees swarmed out from the 
parent hive, and sought, perchance, more 
congenial localities. Limited as we must be, 
in this historical sketch, we find it impossi- 
ble to dwell fully upon the important events 
which transpired in the early days of the 
hardy pioneers. Volumes could be written 
upon their trials, upon their endurance, and 
upon the remarkable events in which they 
were prominent actors in Pennsylvania his- 
tory. A summary of the most important 
phases of that history is all that can be given 
in this connection, reference being had to 
other works which furnish not only a fuller, 
but a better insight into the beginnings of 
Dauphin county history. 

Harris' trade with the Indians continued 
to increase, and Harris' Ferry became known 

far and wide, not only to the red men, but 
to the white race in foreign countries. 

During John Harris' frequent visits to 
Philadelphia he met at the house of his 
friend Shippen, Miss Esther Say, like him- 
self not over young, from his native York- 
shire, and in the latter part of the year 1720 
married her. The wedding took place either 
at the Swedes church, Wicaco, or at Christ 
church, both being members of the Church 
of England. Among the early colonists who 
settled in Philadelphia were a number of the 
name of Say, but to which family Esther 
Harris was connected is not to be ascertained 
with certainty. She was kinswomen to the 
Shippens, and of course respectably con- 
nected. A remarkable woman, she was also 
well calculated to share the love, the trials, 
the hardships and the cabin of the intrepid 

In 1721-22 their first child, Elizabeth, was 
born; in 1725 their second, Esther Harris, 
and in October, 1727, their first son, John 
Harris. This was the founder of Harris- 
burg. The statement that he was the first 
white child born west of the Conewago hills 
is not correct. There were settlers beyond, 
along the Swatara, as early as 1718 ; and it 
is natural to suppose that in many a log 
cabin the sunshine of babyhood gladdened 
the hearts of the hardy pioneer, and who 
also attained mature age. The parents car- 
ried their child when nearly a year old to 
Philadelphia, where he was baptized on the 
22d of September, 1728, as they had pre- 
viously done with their other children. That 
of Esther Harris took place August 31, 1726, 
according to the parish register of Christ 
church, but we have not been able to ascer- 
tain the date of the baptism of the eldest 

Until this period (1728) the country lying 
between the Conewago hills and the Kittoch- 
tinny mountains was owned, or rather 
claimed, by the Five Nations. It is true, 
the Scotch-Irish settlers had been pushed 
within these bounds ten years previously by 
the very Provincial authorities who destroyed 
their cabins on land already purchased. 
The treaty of 1728 opened up this vast and 
rich valley to the venturesome. Filling up 
rapidly, on May 10, 1729, the Assembly 
passed " An act for the erecting the upper 
part of the Province of Pennsylvania lying 
towards the Susquehanna, Conestogoe, Don- 
negal, etc., into a county," to be called Lan- 
caster. At the first court in and for said 



county, November 3, 1730, at Posthleth waite's, 
a petition was presented by John Harris, 
among others, "praying that he may be 
recommended to the governor as a suitable 
person to trade with the Indians," and was 
allowed per curiam. This, of course, was 
necessary in the change of counties ; hereto- 
fore the application passed through the 
court of Chester county, and in this connec- 
tion we may remark that among the Chester 
county records as early as 1722 is to be found 
the name of John Harris, " on the Susqua- 
hannah." Subsequently he made applica- 
tion to the same authority to " sell rum by 
the small," which was granted. 

In 1732, with the desire of establishing an 
additional trading post, Harris built a store- 
house at the mouth of the Juniata. The last 
purchase (1728) not extending this far, the 
Indians objected to it, especially Sassonan 
and Shickalamy, who wrote through their 
interpreters to the governor, informing him 
of the fact, and also to John Harris, com- 
manding him to desist from making a plan- 
tation at the point referred to. The author- 
ities made no objection. 

By virtue of a warrant from the Proprie- 
taries of Pennsylvania, bearing date January 
1, 1725-6, five hundred acres of land were 
granted to John Harris, father of the founder 
of Harrisburg; and subsequently, on the 17th 
of December, 1783, by a patent, three hun- 
dred acres of allowance land, upon which he 
had commenced a clearing, on the pres- 
ent site of the city, about the year 1707. 
The land included in the latter patent ex- 
tended from what is now the line of Cum- 
berland street some distance south of the 
present north boundary of the city, and in- 
cluding also a part of the present site of the , 
city, with its several additions. 

Until the year 1735-6 there was no regu- 
larly constructed road to the Susquehanna, 
but at a session of the Provincial Council 
held in Philadelphia January 22, 1735-6, on 
the petition of sundry inhabitants of Chester 
and Lancaster counties, " setting forth the 
Want of a High Road in the Remote parts 
of the said Counties where the petitioners are 
seated, and that a very commodious one may 
be laid out from the Ferry of John Harris, 
on Susquehannah, to fall in with the High 
Road leading from Lancaster town at or near 
the Plantation of Edward Kennison, in the 
Great Valley in the County of Chester," it 
was ordered that viewers be appointed who 
shall make a. return of the same, "together 

with a Draught of the said Road." Subse- 
quently this was done, and the highway 
opened from the Susquehanna to the Dela- 

The most interesting of the early or pio- 
neer roads, historically considered, is that 
which was laid out through the territory 
lying west of the Susquehanna river — from 
" Harris' Ferry towards Potomac." It is the 
most interesting, because for a period of 
seventy years it was the great highway up 
and down which passed the produce of that 
large and fertile region ; because in the early 
provincial wars to which the Paxtang, 
Derry, and Hanover settlements gave many 
of their fathers and sons, it was the way by 
which they marched to meet the enemy and 
by which they marched to receive greetings 
from homes made safe by their valor ; and 
because it has the unique distinction of hav- 
ing been the first effort of our forefathers to 
connect the wilderness with the civilization 
which lay beyond. It swept by our borders 
on the north and on the west ; and by reason 
of its location became the pioneer road of 
Western and Southern Pennsylvania. It was 
laid out six years before Cumberland county 
was created, and while all the territory west 
of the Susquehanna was within the jurisdic- 
tion of the courts at Lancaster. Hence in 
the archives at Lancaster is the only record 
now attainable of the various steps by which 
this road came into being. It was in con- 
troversy for nine years. The first trace of it 
is in 1735. It was surveyed by courses and 
distances and ordained as a lawful road in 
1744. We have said that the first trace of 
this pioneer road appears in 1735. It was 
in November of that year when a petition 
was presented to the " Worshipful the Jus- 
tices of the Court of Quarter Session " at Lan- 
caster, from inhabitants on the west side of 
the Susquehanna river, opposite to Paxtang, 
praying that a roadway be laid out " from 
John Harris' Ferry towards Potomac." The 
petition was favorably regarded, and Randle 
Chambers, James Peat, James Silvers, Thomas 
Eastland, John Lawrence and Abraham 
Endless were appointed the viewers, with 
power in four of them to act. They reported 
a route for the road at the next sitting of the 
court, but the view had developed the usual 
result of great neighborhood agitation. In 
the winter of 1735, it is recorded that there 
met at the house of Widow Piper in Ship- 
pensburg a number of persons from along 
the Conedoguinet and Middle Spring to re- 



monstrate against the road passing through 
" the barrens " and to ask that it be made 
through the Oonedoguinet settlement as 
more populous and more suitable. When, 
therefore, the viewers made their report in 
February, 1736, they were confronted with 
the petitions of a " considerable number of 
inhabitants in those parts," who set forth 
that the said road, as it is laid, is hurtful to 
many of the plantations, is " further about, 
and is more difficult to clear " than if it was 
laid more to the southward. They, there- 
fore, prayed that a review of the same be 
made by "persons living on the east side of 
the Susquehanna." This conveys a delicate 
suggestion that personal or other interests 
had influenced the previous viewers, two of 
whom lived on the line as laid out. The 
court granted a review and appointed Will- 
iam Rennick, Richard Hough, James Arm- 
strong, Tbomas Mays, Samuel Montgomery 
and Benjamin Chambers, to " make such 
alterations in said road as may seem to them 
necessary for the public good." Some of 
these lived west of the Susquehanna — others 
east of it. So the court did not fully share 
the suspicion of the remonstrants, but con- 
ceded something to the excitement of the 
moment. Little change, however, in the 
route was made, and to-day the turnpike 
from Harrisburg to Chambersburg passes 
over this very pioneer highway which a 
century and a-half ago exercised the early 
settlers. This was the opening of the high- 
way to the undeveloped West. 

Well advanced in life, at the age of about 
seventy-five, after having for several years 
intrusted his business to his eldest son, still 
in his minority, in December, 1748, the first 
pioneer quietly passed away from earth, 
having previously made a request that his 
remains be interred underneath the shade 
of that tree so memorable to him. There 
his dust lies at rest on the banks of our 
beautiful river — within the hearing of its 
thundering at flood-tide, and the musical 
rippling of its pellucid waters in its subdued 
majesty and bf^auty. 

The oldestson, John Harris, who succeeded 
to the greatest portion of his father's estate, 
and who, in 1785, laid out the capital city of 
Pennsylvania, married, first, Elizabeth Mc- 
Clure, and, second, Mary Read, daughter of 
Capt. Adam Read, of Hanover, an officer of 
the Provincial service, was a prominent per- 
sonage during the Indian wars, and the 
principal militarj' storekeeperon the frontier. 

His letters to the governors and the officials 
of the Province and others are of intense 
interest, and deserve to be collated by our 
antiquarians. Not models of style, it is true, 
but they give vivid descriptions of the peril- 
ous times in which our ancestors dwelt who 
made the then out-bounds of civilization 
flourish and " blossom as a rose." 

By a grant from Thomas Penn and Rich- 
ard Penn, Esqs., proprietaries, to John Har- 
ris, Jr., bearing date of record " 3'e 19th Feb- 
ruary, 1753," that gentlemen was allowed 
the right of running a ferry across the Sus- 
quehanna, from which originated the former 
name of the place, which previous to the or- 
ganization of the county was. known far and 
near as Harris' Ferry. 

It appears from letters of John Harris, 
written to Governor Morris, that an Indian 
named Half King, also called Tanacharisson, 
died at his house on the night of the 1st of 
October, 1754. Rupp says that " he had his 
residence at Logstown,on the Ohio, fourteen 
miles below Pittsburgh, on the opposite side. 
George Washington visited him in 1753, and 
desired him to relate some of the particulars 
of a journey he had shortly before made to 
the French Commandant at Fort Duquesne." 
We find this note among the votes of As- 
sembly, 1754: "Dec. 17, Post Meridian, 
1754. — The Committee of Accounts reported 
a balance of £10 15s. 4d. due to the said 
John Harris for his expenses, and £5 for his 
trouble, &c., in burying the Half-King and 
maintaining the sundry Indians that were 
with him." It may be interesting to know 
that the Half King was buried near the 
first John Harris at the foot of the mulberry 

They had considerable trouble at Harris' 
Ferry during the French and Indian war, 
which extended over the period from 1754 
to 1765. A petition from the inhabitants of 
the townships of Paxtang, Derry and Hano- 
ver, Lancaster county, bearing date July 22, 
1754, and setting forth their precarious con- 
dition, was presented and read in the Coun- 
cil on the 6th of August following. It bore 
the signatures of Thomas Forster, James 
Armstrong, John Harris, Thomas Simpson, 
Samuel Simpson, John Carson, David 
Shields, William M'Mullin, John Cuoit, Will- 
iam Armstrong, William Bell, John Dough- 
erty, James Atkin, Andrew Cochran, James 
Reed, Thomas Rutherford, T. McArthur, Will- 
iam Steel, Samuel Hunter, Thomas Mayes, 
James Collier, Henry Rennicks, Richard Mc- 



Clure. Thomas Dugan, John Johnson, Peter 
Fleming, Thomas Sturgeon, Matthew Tay- 
lor, Jeremiah Sturgeon, Thomas King, Rob- 
ert Smith, Adam Read, John Crawford, 
Thomas Crawford, Jonathan McClure, 
Thomas Hume, Thomas Steene, John Hume, 
John Creige, Thomas McClure, William Mc- 
Clure, John Rodgers, James Patterson, John 
Young, Ez. Sankey, John Forster, Mitchel 
Graham, James Toalen, James Galbraith, 
James Campbell, Robert Boyd, James Cham- 
bers, Robert Armstrong, Jno. Campbell, 
Hugh;Black, Thomas Black. 

At this period also we find an extensive 
correspondence between John Harris, Con- 
rad Weiser and others and Edward Shippen, 
complaining of the insecurity of life and 
property owing to the depredations of the 
Indians; and their tenor is a continual and 
just complaint of the outrages committed by 
the savages, and urgent requests to the au- 
thorities for protection and arms, etc. 

On the 8th of January, 1756, a council 
with the Indians was held at the house of 
John Harris, at Paxtang, composed of Hon. 
Robert Hunter Morris, governor; James 
Hamilton and Richard Peters, secretaries ; 
Joseph Fox, commissioner, and Conrad 
Weiser, interpreter ; two. Indians of the Six 
Nations, called " The Belt of Wampum," a 
Seneca, and the " Broken Thigh," a Mohawk. 
The meeting was of an amicable character, 
and was only the preliminary step to a 
larger and more important council held the 
week following at Carlisle. One of the rea- 
sons for holding the council at the latter 
place was, " that there was but few con- 
veniences ' for the proper entertainment' of 
the Governor and his company at Harris 
Ferry, and Mr. Weiser gave it as his opinion 
that it would be better to adjourn to Car- 
lisle." A second council was held here on 
the 1st of April, 1757. Present, the Rev. 
John Elder, Captain Thomas McKee, Messrs. 
James Armstrong, Hugh Crawford, John 
Harris, William Pentrup, interpreter, and 
warriors from the' Mohawks, Oneidas, Tus- 
caroras, Onondagoes, Nanticokes, Cayugas, 
Delawares, Senecas and Conestogoes, with 
their women and children. George Croghan, 
Esq., deputy agent to the Hon. Sir W. John- 
son, Bart., his majesty's sole agent and 
superintendent of the Six Nations, etc., was 
also present. This council was removed to 
Lancaster, owing to the number of Indians 
then encamped at Conestoga Manor where 
the remainder of the business was concluded. 

The most interesting event of this period 
was the extermination of the so-called Cones- 
toga Indians by the Paxtang Rangers. The 
situation of the frontiers siicceeding the 
Pontiacwar was truly deplorable, principally 
owing to the supineness of the Provincial 
authorities, for the Quakers, who controlled 
the government, were, to use the language of 
Capt. Lazarus Stewart, " more solicitous for 
the welfare of the blood-thirsty Indian than 
for the lives of the frontiersman." In their 
blind partiality, bigotry and political preju- 
dice, they would not readily accede to the 
demands of those of a different religious 
faith. Especially was this the case relative 
to the Presbyterians and Roman Catholics, 
both of whom w6re tolerated by mere suffer- 
ance. To them, therefore, was greatly attri- 
butable the reign of horror and devastation 
in the border counties. The government 
was deaf to all entreaties, and Gen. Amherst, 
commander of the British forces in America, 
did not hesitate to give his feelings an em- 
phatic expression — " The conduct of the Penn- 
sylvania Assembly" he wrote, " is altogether so 
infatuated and stupidly obstinate, thai I want 
ivords to express my indignation thereat." 
Nevertheless, the sturdy Scotch-Irish and 
Germans of this section rallied for their own 
defense. The inhabitants of Paxtang and 
Hanover immediatel}' enrolled themselves 
into several companies, the Rev. John Elder 
being their colonel. 

Lazarus Stewart, Matthew Smith and Asher 
Clayton, men of acknowledged military abil- 
ity and prowess, commanded distinct com- 
panies of Rangers. These brave men were 
ever on the alert, watching with eagle eye the 
Indian marauders who at this period swooped 
down upon the defenseless frontiers. High 
mountains, swollen rivers, or great distances 
never deterred or appalled them. Their 
courage and fortitude were equal to every 
undertaking, and woe betide the red men 
when their blood-stained tracks once met 
their eyes. The Paxtang Rangers were the 
terror of the Indians — they were swift on foot, 
excellent horsemen, good *hots, skillful in 
pursuit or escape, dexterous as scouts and 
expert in manoeuvering. 

The murders in and around Paxtang, not- 
withstanding the vigilance of the Rangers, be- 
came numerous, and many a family mourned 
for some of their number shot by the secret 
foe or carried away captive. The frontiers- 
men took their rifles with them to the field 
and to the sanctuary. Their colonel and 



pastor placed his trusty piece beside him in 
the pulpit; and it is authoritatively stated 
that on one occasion old Derry meeting 
house was surrounded while he was preach- 
ing; but their spies having counted the rifles 
the Indians retired from their ambuscade 
without making an attack. 

Many were the murderous deeds perpe- 
trated by the savages — but where these came 
from was a mystery. Indians had been traced 
by the scouts to the wigwams of the so-called 
friendly Indians at Conestoga, and to those- 
of the Moravian Indians in Northampton 
county. Suspicion was awakened, the ques- 
tions, "are these Christian Indians treacher- 
ous ? are their wigwams the harbors of our 
deadly foe? do they conceal the nightly 
prowling assassin of the forest; the villain, 
who with savage ferocity tore the innocent 
babe from the bosom of its mother, where it 
had been quietly reposing, and hurled it in 
the fire? The mangled bodies of our friends 
cry aloud for vengeance." Such were the 
questions, surmises and expressions of the 
exasperated people on the frontiers, arid well 
warranted, for on one occasion when the As- 
sembly were deaf to all entreaties and peti- 
tion,- with the hope of arousing their sym- 
pathy the murdered were taken to Philadel- 
phia on wagons — when a prominent Quaker, 
with a sneer, remarked they were "only 
Irish." This unfeeling expression was re- 
membered by the "Scotch-Irish of the fron- 

The Quakers who controlled the govern- 
ment, as heretofore remarked, "seemed re- 
solved," says Parkman, "that they would 
neither defend the people of the frontier or 
allow them to defend themselves, vehemently 
inveighed against all expeditions to cut off 
the Indian marauders. Their security was 
owing to their local situation, being confined 
to the eastern part of the Province." That 
such was the case, rather than to the kind 
feelings of the Indian toward them, is shown 
by the fact that of the very few living in ex- 
posed positions, several were killed. 

The inhabitants declared openly that they 
no longer confided in the professions of the 
governor or his advisers in the Assembly. 
Numbers of volunteers joined the Rangers of 
Northampton, Berks, Lancaster, York and 
Cumberland, who were engaged in tracing 
the midnight assassins. On the Manor, a 
portion of land surveyed for the Proprieta- 
ries, situated in Lancaster county, near where 
the borough of Columbia is now located, was 

settled a band of squaHd, miserable Indians— 
the refuse of sundry tribes. Time and again 
they were suspected of murder and thievery, 
and their movements at this crisis were closely 
watched. Strange Indians were constantly 
coming and going. 

Colonel Elder under the date of September 
13, 1763, thus wrote to Governor Hamilton, 
" I suggest to you the propriety of an imme- 
diate removal of the Indians from Conestoga 
and placing a garrison in their room. In 
case this is done, I pledge myself for the future 
security of the frontiers." 

Subsequently, on taking charge of the 
executive affairs of the Province in October, 
Governor John Penn replied as follows: 
" The Indians of Conestoga have been rep- 
resented as innocent, helpless and depend- 
ent on this government for support. The 
faith of this government is pledged for their 
protection. I cannot remove them without 
adequate cause. The contract made with 
William Penn was a private agreement, 
afterwards confirmed by several treaties. 
Care has been taken by the Provincial com- 
mittee that no Indians but our own visit 
Conestoga. Whatever can be faithfully exe- 
cuted under the laws shall be as faithfully 
performed ;" and yet Governor Penn in 
writing to Thomas Penn afterwards used 
this language : " Many of them," referring 
to the frontier inhabitants, " have had wives 
and children murdered and scalped, their 
houses burnt to the ground, their cattle 
destroyed, and from an easy, plentiful life 
are now become beggars. In short, not only 
in this Province, but in the neighboring 
governments is the spirit of the people in- 
veterate against the Indians." 

John Harris had previously made a simi- 
lar request : " The Indians here, I hope yqur 
honor will be pleased to be removed to some 
other place, as I don't like their company." 

The Rangers finding appeals to the au- 
thorities useless, resolved on taking the law 
into their own hands. Several Indian mur- 
derers had been traced to Conestoga, and it 
was determined to take them prisoners. 
Captain Stewart, whose men ascertained this 
fact, acquainted his colonel of the object, 
who seemed rather to encourage his com- 
mand to make the trial, as an example was 
necessary to be made for the safety of the 
frontier inhabitants. The destruction of the 
Conestogas was not then projected. That 
was the result of the attempted capture. 
Parkman and Webster, following Rupp, 



state that Colonel Elder, learning of an in- 
tent to destroy the entire tribe, as they were 
about to set off rode after them command- 
ing them to desist, and that Stewart threat- 
ened to shoot his horse. Such was not the 
case. From a letter dated Paxtang, Decem- 
ber 16, 1763, written to Governor Penn, he 
says: "On receiving intelligence the 13th 
inst., that a number of persons were as- 
sembled on purpose to go and cut off the 
Conestoga Indians, in concert with Mr. Fors- 
ter, the neighboring magistrate, I hurried 
off an express with written message to that 
party ' entreating them to desist from such 
an undertaking, representing to them the 
unlawfulness and barbarity of such an ac- 
tion ; that it's cruel and unchristian in its 
nature, and would be fatal in its conse- 
quences to themselves and families; that 
private persons have no right to take the 
lives of any under the protection of the Leg- 
islature ; that they must, if th«y proceeded 
in that affair, lay their accounts to meet with 
a severe prosecution, and become liable even 
to capital punishment; that they need not 
expect that the country would endeavor to 
conceal or screen them from punishment, 
but that they would be detected and given 
up to the resentment of the government.' 
These things I urged in the warmest terms 
in order to prevail with them to drop the 
enterprise, but to no purpose." 

Not to be deterred, the Rangers reached 
the Indian settlement before daylight. The 
barking of some dogs discovered them and 
a number of strange Indians rushed from 
their wigwams, brandishing their toma- 
hawks. This show of resistance was suffi- 
cient inducement for the Rangers to make 
use of their arms. In a few moments every 
Indian present fell before the unerring fire 
of the brave frontiersmen. The act accom- 
plished, they mounted their horses and 
returned severally to their homes. Unfortu- 
nately a number of the Indians were absent 
from Conestoga, prowling about the neigh- 
boring settlements, doubtless on predatory 
excursions. The destruction at the Manor 
becoming known, they were placed in the 
Lancaster work-house for protection. Among 
these vagabonds were two well known to 
Parson Elder's scouts. 

An express being sent to Philadelphia 
with the news, great excitement ensued, and 
Governor Penn issued a proclamation rela- 
tive thereto. Notwithstanding its fine array 
of words it fell upon the Province harmless. 

Outside of the Quaker settlements everyone 
heartily approved of the measures taken by 
the Paxtang Rangers. As the governor him- 
self wrote to England : " If we had ten 
thousand of the king's troops I don't believe 
it would be possible to secure one of these 
people. Though I took all the pains I could 
even to get their names, I could not succeed, 
for indeed no one would make the discovery, 
though ever so well acquainted with them, 
and there is not a magistrate in the country 
would have touched one of them. The 
people of this town are as inveterate against 
the Indians as the frontier inhabitants. For 
it is beyond a doubt that many of the In- 
dians now in town [referring to the Mora- 
vians confined in the barracks] have been 
concerned in committing murders among 
back settlers. 

The presence of the remaining Indians at 
Lancaster also became a cause of great un- 
easiness to the magistrates and people, for as 
previously remarked, two or three were no- 
torious scoundrels. It may be here related 
that several of the strange Indians harbored 
at Conestoga, who were also absent at the 
destruction of the village, made their escape 
and reached Philadelphia, where they joined 
the Moravian Indians from Nain andWech- 
quetank, and there secreted. 

The removal of the remaining Indians 
from Lancaster was requested by the chief 
magistrate, Edward Shippen. Governor , 
Penn proved very tardy, and we are of the 
opinion he cared little about them, or he 
would have acted promptly, as from his own 
confession he was not ignorant of the exas- 
peration of the people and the murderous 
character of the refugees. Day after day 
passed by, and the excitement throughout 
the frontiers became greater. The Rangers, 
who found that their work had been only 
half done, consulted as to what measure 
should be further proceeded with. Captain 
Stewart proposed to capture the principal In- 
dian outlaw, who was confined in the Lan- 
caster work-house, and take him to Carlisle 
jail, where he could be held' for trial. This 
was heartily approved, and accordingly a 
detachment of the Rangers, variously esti- 
mated at from twenty to fifty, proceeded to 
Lancaster on the 27th of December, broke 
into the work-house, and but for the show 
of resistance would have effected their pur- 
pose. But the younger portion of the Rang- 
ers, to whom was confided this work, were so 
enraged at the defiance of the Indians that 



before their resentment could be repressed 
by Captain Stewart, the unerring rifle was 
employed, and the last of the so-called Con- 
estogas had yielded up his life. In a few 
minutes thereafter, mounting their horses, 
the daring Rangers were safe from arrest. 
George Gibson, who, from his acquaintance 
with the principal frontiersmen of his time, 
in a letter written some years after, gives the 
most plausible account of this transaction, 
which bore such an important part in the 
early history of the Province. He says: 
" No murder has been committed since the 
removal of the friendly Indians and the de- 
struction of the Conestogas — a strong proof 
that the murders were committed under the 
cloak of the Moravian Indians. A descrip- 
tion of an Indian who had, with great bar- 
barity, murdered a family on the Susque- 
hanna, near Paxtang, was sent to Lazarus 
Stewart at Lancaster. This Indian had 
been traced to Conestoga. On the day of its 
destruction he was on a hunting expedition. 
When he heard that the Rangers were in 
pursuit of him he fled to Philadelphia. The 
three or four who entered the work-house at 
Lancaster were directed by Stewart to seize 
on the murderer and give him to his charge. 
When those outside heard the report of the 
guns within several of the Rangers alighted, 
thinking their friends in danger, and has- 
tened to the door. The more active of the 
, Indians, endeavoring to make their escape, 
were met by them and shot. No children 
were killed by the Paxtang boys. No act 
of savage butchery was committed." 

If the excitement throughout the Prov- 
ince was great after the affair at Conestoga, 
this transaction set everything in a ferment. 
" No language," says Rev. Dr. Wallace, " can 
describe the outcry which arose from the 
Quakers in Philadelphia, or the excitement 
which swayed to and fro on the frontiers and 
in the city. The Quakers blamed the gover- 
nor, the governor the Assembly, and the 
latter censured everybody except their own 
inaction." Two proclamations were issued 
by the Provincial authorities, offering re- 
wards for the seizure of those concerned in 
tlie destruction of the Indians ; but this was 
impossible, owing to the exasperation of the 
frontiersmen, who heartily approved of the 
action of the Rangers. 

On the 27th of December the Rev. Mr. 
Elder hurriedly wrote to Governor Penn: 
" The storm, which had been so long gather- 
ing, has at length exploded. Had govern- 

ment removed the Indians from Conestoga, 
as was frequently urged without success, this 
painful catastrophe might have been avoided. 
What could I do with men heated to mad- 
ness? All that I could do was done. lex- 
postulated, but life and reason were set at 
defiance, and yet the men in private life are 
virtuous and respectable — not cruel, but 

mild and merciful T}i.e time 

will arrive when each 'palliating circumstance 
will he calmly weighed. This deed, magnified 
into the blackest of crimes, shall be considered 
one of those youthful ebullitions of wrath 
caused by momentary excitement, to which hu- 
man infirmity is subjected." 

To this extenuating and warm-hearted 
letter came a reply, under date of December 
29, 1763, from the governor, requesting the 
commanders of the troops — Colonels Elder 
and Seely — to return the Provincial arms, 
etc., as their services were no longer required. 
From this letter of Governor John Penn, it 
is evident that the commissioners, or rather 
the Provincial Council, intended to punish 
both Colonel Elder and Esquire Seely, or 
that with the destruction of the Conestogas, 
there was little or no danger of Indian 
atrocities. The latter proved to be the case, 
but the authorities were cognizant of the 
fact that the Paxtang boys were correct in 
their surmisings, and that peace would fol- 
low the removal of the friendly Indians. It 
shows, also, that believing thus, the Provin- 
cial government was culpable to a great de- 
gree in allowing the Indians to remain on 
the Manor, despite the representations of 
Colonel Elder, John Harris and Edward 
Shippen. The Rev. Mr. Elder quietly laid 
by his sword, feeling confident that time 
would vindicate his course, whatever that 
may have been. 

Of the marching of the Paxtang boys to- 
ward Philadelphia, we shall briefly refer in 
this connection, and the reason therefor is 
best given by an extract from a letter of Gov- 
ernor Penn: "The 14th of this month we 
suspect a Thousand of the Rioters in Town 
to insist upon the Assembly granting their 
request with regard to the increase of Rep- 
resentatives, to put them upon an equality 
with the rest of the Counties. They have 
from time to time presented several petitions 
for the purpose, which have been always dis- 
regarded by the House; for which reason 
they intend to come in Person." Although 
our Quaker historians have uniformly stated 
that the object of the Paxtang boys was the 



massacre of the Moravian Indians in Phila- 
delphia, yet the foregoing statement of the 
Executiveof the Province proves conclusively 
that their visit was not one of slaughter but 
of petition for redress of grievances. The 
narrative is one of interest to us in this sec- 
tion and the true history remains to be 

Pamphlets, says Webster, without number, 
truth or decency, poured like a torrent from 
the press. The Quakers took the pen to hold 
up the deed to execration ; and many others 
seized the opportunity to defame the Irish 
Presbyterians as ignorant bigots and lawless 

Violent and bitter as were the attacks of 
the Quaker pamphleteers. Parson Elder was 
only casually alluded to. With the excep- 
tion of the following, written to Colonel Burd, 
he made no attempt to reply to any of these, 
leaving his cause with God and posterity : 
" Lazarus Stewart is still threatened by the 
Philadelphia party ; he and his friends talk 
of leaving ; if they do, the Province will lose 
some of its best friends, and that by the 
faults of others, not their own ; for if any 
cruelty was practiced on the Indians at Con- 
estoga or at Lancaster, it was not by his or 
their hands. There is great reason to be- 
lieve that much injustice has been done to 
all concerned. In the contrariness of ac- 
counts, we must infer that much rests for 
support on the imagination or interest of the 
witnesses. The character of Stewart and his 
friends was well established. Ruffians, nor 
brutal, they were not; but humane, liberal 
and moral, nay, religious. It is evidently 
not the wish of the party to give Stewart a 
fair hearing. All he desires is to be put on 
trial at Lancaster, near the scenes of the hor- 
rible butcheries committed by the Indians at 
Tulpehocken, etc., where he can have the 
testimony of the scouts and rangers, men 
whose services can never be sufficiently re- 
warded. The pamphlet has been sent by my 
friends and enemies ; it failed to inflict a 
wound ; it is at least a garbled statement; it 
carries with it the seeds of its own dissolution. 
That the hatchet was used is denied, and is 
it not reasonable to suppose that men, accus- 
tomed to the use of guns, would make use 
of their favorite weapons ? 

"The inference is plain that the bodies of 
the Indians were thus mangled after death by 
certain persons to excite a feeling against 
the Paxtang boys. This fact Stewart says he 
can and will establish in a fair trial at Lan- 

caster, York or Carlisle. At any rate we are 
all suffering at present by the secret influence 
of a faction — a faction who have shown their 
love to the Indians by not exposing them- 
selves to its influence in the frontier settle- 

The " pamphlet " alluded to in the forego- 
ing was the notorious article written by Ben- 
jamin Franklin for political effect. He 
acknowledged, in a letter to Lord Karnes, 
that his object was a political one. As such, 
its tissue of falsehoods caused his defeat for 
member of the Assembly, a position he had 
held for fourteen years. Fortunately for him, 
the Revolution brought him into prominence, 
and the past was forgotten. 

This transaction was subsequently "inves- 
tigated " by the magistrate at Lancaster, but 
so condemnatory of the Indians was the evi- 
dence elicited that it was the Quaker policy to 
suppress and destroy it. Nevertheless all ef- 
forts to carry into effect the proclamation of 
the governor were really suspended, so far as 
his authority went, in regard to which grave 
complaints were made by the Assembly, who 
seemed to bend all their energies to -prose- 
cute the offenders. 

The names of many of those brave defend- 
ers of their homes have been lost to us — but 
the frequent statement in all our histories 
that the participants in that transaction came 
to an untimely end is false. With the ex- 
ception of Lazarus Stewart, who fell on that 
unfortunate day at the massacre of Wyom- 
ing, these heroes of the frontiers lived to 
hearty old age, and several reached almost 
the hundred years of life. Their deeds were 
those of desperation, it is true, but their acts 
are to be honored and their names revered. 

The discussions which ensued may truly 
be said to have sown the seeds of the Revo- 
lution, and in a letter of Governor John 
Penn to his brother in England, written at 
this time, he thus alludes to the inhabitants 
of Paxtang, "their next move will be so sub- 
vert the government and establish one of 
their own." 

No wonder then, when the first mutterings 
of the storm was heard, that the people of 
this entire section were ripe for revolution. 
The love of liberty was a leading trait of the 
people who settled in this delightful valley. 
The tyranny and oppression of Europe 
drove them to seek an asylum among the 
primeval forests of America. Persecution 
for conscience sake compelled alike the 
Scotch-Irish and the German of the Palati- 



nate to come hither and rear their altars 
dedicated to God and Freedom to man. With 
them Independence was as much their 
dream as the realization. Their isolated 
position — placed on the frontiers — unpro- 
tected by the Provincial authorities — early 
instilled into their minds those incentives 
to action, that when the opportune moment 
arrived they were in the van. Two years 
before the Declaration by Congress, the 
people had assembled at their respective 
places of rendezvous, and heralded forth 
their opinions in plain and unmistakable 
language, while the citizens of the large 
towns were fearful and hesitating. 

As early as the spring of 1774 meetings 
were held in the different townships, the re- 
solves of only two of which are preserved to 
us. The earliest was that of an assembly of 
the inhabitants of Hanover, Lancaster 
county, held on Saturday, June 4, 1774, 
Colonel Timothy Green, chairman, " to ex- 
press their sentiments on the present critical 
state of affairs." It was then and there 
" Unanimously rpsolved : 

"1st, That the recent action of the Par- 
liament of Great Britain is iniquitous and 

"2d. That it is the bounden duty of the 
inhabitants of America to oppose every 
measure which tends to deprive them of 
their just prerogatives. 

"3d. That in a closer union of the Colonies 
lies the safeguard of the people. 

"4th. That in the event of Great Britain 
attempting to force unjust laws upon us by 
the strength of arms, our cause we leave to 
Heaven and our rifles. 

"5th. That a committee of nine be ap- 
pointed who shall act for us and in our be- 
half as emergency may require. 

"The committee consisted of Colonel Tim- 
othy Green, James Caruthers, Josiah Espy, 
Robert Dixon, Thomas Copenheffer, William 
Clark, James Stewart, Joseph Barnett and 
John Rogers." 

So much for patriotic Hanover. Follow- 
ing in the footsteps of these brave men, on 
Friday following, June 10, 1774, a similar 
meeting was held at Middletown, Colonel 
James Burd, chairman, at which these stir- 
ring resolves were concurred in, and which 
served as the text of those passed at the 
meeting at Lancaster subsequently : 

"1st, That the acts of the Parliament of 
Great Britain in divesting us of the right 

to give and grant our money, and assuming 
such power to themselves, are unconstitu- 
tional, unjust and oppressive. 

"2d. That it is an indispensable duty we 
owe to ourselves and posterity to oppose with 
decency and firmness every measure tending 
to deprive us of our just rights and privi- 

" 3d. That a close union of the Colonies 
and their faithful adhering to such measures 
as a general congress shall judge proper are 
the most likely means to procure redress of 
American grievances and settle the rights of 
the Colonies on a permanent basis. 

" 4th. That we will sincerely and heartily 
agree to and abide by the measures which 
shall be adopted by the members of the gen- 
eral congress of the Colonies. 

" 5th. That a committee be appointed to 
confer with similar committees relative to 
the present exigency of affairs." 

Not to be behind their Scotch-Irish 
neighbors, the German inhabitants located 
in the east of the county met at Fredericks- 
town (now Hummelstown), on Saturday, the 
11th of June, at which Capt. Frederick Hum- 
mel was chairman, resolving to stand by the 
other townships in all their action. 

We say they were ripe for revolution, and 
when the stirring battle-drum aroused the 
new-born nation, the inhabitants of Dauphin 
valiantly armed for the strife. One of the 
first companies raised in the Colonies was 
that of. Capt. Matthew Smith, of Paxtang. 
Within ten days after the receipt of the 
news of the battle of Lexington, this com- 
pany was armed and equipped, ready for 
service. Composing this pioneer body of 
patriots was the best blood of the county — 
the Dixons, the Elders, the Simpsons, the 
Boyds, the Harrises, the Reeds, the Tods and 
others. Archibald Steele and Michael Simp- 
son were the lieutenants. It was the second 
company to arrive at Boston, coming south 
of the Hudson river. It was subsequently 
ordered to join General Arnold in his unfor- 
tunate campaign against Quebec, and the 
most reliable account of that expedition was 
written by a member of this very Paxtang 
company, John Joseph Henry, afterwards 
president judge of Lancaster and Dauphin 
counties. They were enlisted for one year. 
The majority, however, were taken prisoners 
at Quebec, while a large percentage died of 
wounds and exposure. 




Historical Resume' from 1785 to 1896. 

For the part taken by Dauphin county 
(which was then a part of Lancaster county) 
in the struggle for Independence, our readers 
must refer to those volumes of the Second 
Series of Pennsylvania Archives, which 
comprise a history of the Pennsylvania 
Line, the Associators and the militia, in the 
war of the Revolution, from 1775 to 1783. 
The rolls of many of the companies which 
went out from this section and participated 
in the sanguinary conflicts and which 
achieved the independence of their country, 
are, we are glad to say, nearly complete. 
At that period the entire country was so 
bare of men that the old men, women and 
the lads of ten and twelve years, not only 
did the planting and harvesting, but took 
up arms to defend their homes in the 
threatened invasion by Indians and Tories 
after the massacre of Wyoming. A great 
majority of those who served from Paxtang, 
Derry, Hanover, Upper Paxtang and Lon- 
derry were styled Associators, officered by 
those of their own choosing, and serving 
short terms of duty, as called upon by the 
Supreme Executive Council. At Trenton, 
at Princeton, at Brandywine, at German- 
town, at the Crooked Billet and the Paoli, 
the militia of Dauphin county fought and 
bled and died. A glance at their names 
even shows a long line of heroes, whose 
brilliant achievements shed an undjnng 
glory on the patriotism of this section of 
Lancaster county in the war of the Revolu- 

With the dawn of peace, the people of the 
county returned to their usual avocations. 
Civil affairs were taken cognizance of, and 
movements were at once made to secure the 
formation of a new county, with Harrisburg 
as the seat of justice. By the act of Assem- 
bly of March 4, 1785, the county of Dauphin 
■ was separated from Lancaster, its name de- 
rived from the eldest son of the then king of 
the French — France at that period, in conse- 
quence of its efficient aid to the Colonies, 
being uppermost in the affection of the peo- 
ple. The enthusiasm was unbounded, and, 
as we shall refer to hereafter, carried to ex- 
treme lengths. The name was suggested by 
the prime movers for the formation of the 
new county. The seat of justice was fixed 
at Harris' Ferry, then a village of about one 
hundred houses, although the town was not 

actually laid out or surveyed until after the 
passage of the ordinance referred to. In the 
commissions of the officers of the new county, 
the town was named Louisburgh, in honor 
of Louis XVI., suggested by Chief Justice 
Thomas M'Kean, not only on account of his 
French leanings, but to show his petty spite 
against Mr. Harris, to whom, somehow or 
otlier, he held political opposition. 

This act of injustice was subsequently 
remedied, when, on the 13th of April, 1791, 
the town was created a borough, by the 
name of Harrisburg. It was undecided for 
awhile whether to call the place Harris' 
Ferry or Ii.&vvisburg. The latter, fortunately, 
was adopted. 

On the organization of the county, Mid- 
dletown was the largest village in the 
county, and strenuous efforts were made by 
its_ citizens and the inhabitants of the town- 
ships subsequently forming Lebanon county, 
to make it the seat of justice; while similar 
claims were made for the town of Lebanon, 
on account of its central location. 

The machinery of the new county was 
soon put into motion, the earliest record of 
whose courts reads thus : 

" At a court of quarter sessions, holden 
near Harris' Ferry, in and for the county of 
Dauphin," &c., on the "third Tuesday of 
May, in the year of our Lord 1785, before 
"Timothy Green, Samuel Jones and Jona- 
than M'Clure, Esqrs., justices of the same 

We may imagine the scene, in a small 
room in a log house near the " lower ferry," 
at Front and Vine streets, with a jury par- 
ticularly intelligent — an excellent set of 
county officers, and such a bar as Ross, Kit- 
tera, Chambers, Hubley, James Biddle, 
Hanna, Andrew Dunlop, Reily, Collinson 
Reed, Jasper Yeates, John Joseph Henry, 
Thomas Duncan and Thomas Smith, most 
of whom rose to occupy the highest positions 
at the bar or in the Senate — quite a show of 
famous men to start the judicial engine of 
the new county, with the net result of con- 
victing William Courtenay, a descendant of 
one of the proudest houses of England, and 
sentencing him to eighteen lashes, fifteen 
shillings fine, and " to stand in the pillory." 
This instrument of judicial vengeance stood 
about sixty yards below the grave of John 
Harris, the elder, or just above the ferry 
house, at the junction of Front and Paxtang 
streets. This, doubtless, was the exact posi- 
tion, as two or three of the first courts were 



held in a building on what is now the south- 
ern corner of Front street and Washington 
avenue. There was no citizen of Harrisburg 
on the first jury, except, perhaps, Alexander 
Berryhill, but that is not certain. Col. 
James Cowden, of Lower Paxtang township, 
was the foreman of this grand jury. 

The sheriff of Lancaster county exercised 
the same office in Dauphin county. The 
names of the jurymen were James Cowden 
(foreman), Robert Montgomery, John Gil- 
christ, Barefoot Brunson, John Clarke, Roan 
McClure, John Carson, John Wilson, William 
Crain, Archibald McAllister, Richard Dixon, 
John Parthemore, James Crouch, Jacob Awl, 
William Brown, Andrew Stewart, Jarnes 
Rogers, Samuel Stewart, John Cooper, Alex- 
ander Berryhill. Alexander Graydon was 
the first prothonotary and Anthony Kelker 
the first sheriff. 

The minutes of the second court held in 
the town are dated at "Harrisburgh," and on 
the 3d of August, 1786, the following en- 
dorsement appears on the docket : " The 
name of the. county town, or seat of the 
courts, is altered from ' Harrisburgh ' to 
' Louisburgh,' in consequence of the Supreme 
Executive Council of the Commonwealth so 
styling it i-n the commissions of the justices 
of said town." 

The courts were held for several successive 
years in the same locality, but subsequently 
in the log house recently demolished on the 
southeast corner of Market street and Dew- 
berry alley. From here it was removed to 
its present location, except during the ses- 
sions of the Legislature from 1812 to 1822, 
when the court occupied the brick building 
built by the county commissioners on the 
corner of Walnut street and Raspberry alley. 
The present edifice was erected in 1860. 

The act of Assembly erecting Harrisburg 
into a borough defined its limits as follows: 

" Beginning at low-water mark on the 
eastern shore of the Susquehanna river; 
thence by the pine-apple tree north 60^ de- 
grees, east 79 perches, to an ash tree on the 
west bank of Paxton creek ; thence by the 
several corners thereof 323 perches to a white 
hickory on William Maclay's line ; thence 
by the same south 67| degrees, west 212 
perches, to a marked cliestnut-oak on the 
eastern bank of the Susquehanna ; thence by 
the same course to low-water mark to the 
place of beginning." 

The borough limits were extended by the 
act of the 16th of April, 1838, as follows : 

"The northwestern boundary line of the 
borough of Harrisburg shall be and the 
same is hereby extended and enlarged as 
follows : Extending it along the river line to 
the upper line of the land of the late Will- 
iam Maclay, on said river; thence to Pax- 
ton creek, and thence along said creek to the 
jiorthwestern corner to the present bound- 
ary." Thus annexing Maclaysburg, or all 
the territory included in the borough then 
lying northwest of South street. 

During the so-called Whiskey Insurrec- 
tion, 1794, Harrisburg became quite promi- 
nent, it being on the great thoroughfare to 
the western counties. The court house was 
then building, and some of the sympathizers 
with the anti-excise men beyond the moun- 
tains hoisted a French flag on that structure. 
Of course this gave offense and it was quietly 
removed. Several arrests were made of in- 
dividuals who expressed sympathy for the 
western insurgents — one of whom, Major 
Swiney, was confined in prison for nearly a 
year, when he was released without trial. 
Governor Mifflin, who was an excellent 
stump speaker, made one of his character- 
istic addresses here, and in two days time no 
less than three companies from the town 
were on their march to Carlisle. When 
Governor Howell, of New Jersey, and his 
brilliant staff remained over night, they 
were so hospitably entertained by the citi- 
zens that he returned his thanks in special 
orders. On Friday, the 3d of October, when 
the President, the great and good Washing- 
ton, approached the town, he was met by a 
large concourse of the people and the enthu- 
siasm was unbounded. The worthy bur- 
gesses, Conrad Bombaugh and Alexander 
Berryhill, presented the address of the town, 
to winch the chief magistrate briefly replied, 
bearing " testimony to the zealous and ef- 
ficient exertions" they had made. That 
evening he held a reception at his head- 
quarters, where the principal citizens em- 
braced the opportunity of paying their re- 
spects to the venerated chieftain. On the 
morning of the 4t.h he crossed the river at 
the upper ferry, which was fifty yards above 
the present Harrisburg bridge. 

About this period came the fever of 1793-5 
and the mill-dam troubles. For two years 
previous a disease of a malignant type pre- 
vailed during the summer season in" the bor- 
ough. Its origin was proved beyond doubt 
to be due to a mill-dam located in what is 
now the first ward of the city, on Paxtang 











creek. In 1793, during the prevalence of 
the yellow fever in Philadelphia, it was 
thought and even pronounced such. Quite 
a number of Irish emigrants died, and al- 
though mainy of the inhabitants were at- 
tacked there were no fatal cases among 
them. This was proof positive that the 
endemic was due to the damming up of the 
Paxtang creek, which was always " dead 
water " (its Indian significance), producing 
malarial poisoning. The ancestors, reason- 
ing rightly, their next move was to get rid 
of the nuisance. Meetings were held, com- 
mittees were appointed, funds raised and 
tendered to the owners of the mill, Peter 
and Abraham Landis, the amount demanded 
by them the previous year for their property. 
The impecunious millers now required a 
greater sum, but the citizens positively refused, 
and at a public meeting they resolved that a 
further tender be made the Landises and 
in case of refusal to "prostrate the dam and 
pay, if necessary, the "porportionable parts 
of all legal expenses and damages that 
might accrue on any suits or indictments 
which might be brought or prosecuted in 
consequence of such acts." The forefathers 
were not to be trifled with, and suiting the 
action to the word, met at a given hour and 
opened the dam. Eventually the parties 
compromised — the Landises accepted a cer- 
tain sum and the town secured the mill 
right. The valuable papers relating to this 
interesting epoch in the history of Harris- 
burg are in the possession of the Dauphiq 
County Historical Society. The entire trans- 
action was creditable to the ancient Harris- 
burger, and the decendants of the men who 
then stood up for the rights of the people 
are among the most prominent of our citi- 
zens to-day. 

In 1798, when a war with France M'as im- 
minent and a call made by the General 
Government on Pennsylvania for troops, an 
unusual excitement was created, and several 
companies tendered their services to the 
governor. The storm blew over, and as in 
1807, when a war was threatened with Great 
Britain — no occasion for troops were re- 
quired until five years later — when the sec- 
ond struggle with England took place. 
Among tlie prominent military organiza- 
tions which armed for the conflict were the 
companiesofCaptainsThomas Walker, Rich- 
ard M. Grain, John Carothers, Jeremiah 
Rees, Thomas MTlhenny, Peter Snyder, John 
B. Moorhead, James Todd, Richard Knight, 

John Elder, Isaac Smith, Philip FedderhofF 
and Gawen Henry, quite a formidable array. 
Some of these marched as far as Baltimore 
at the time of the British attack on that 
city, while others went no farther than 
York. None of these companies had an op- 
portunity to meet tlie enemy on the san- 
guinary field — but Dauphin county men 
composed the major portion of two com- 
panies which joined the Canada expedition. 
The heroes of this conflict are nearly all 
passed from off the stage of life. Following 
in the footsteps of the fathers of the Revolu- 
tion, they emulated their heroism and de- 
votion to the liberties of their country. 

The removal of the seat of government to 
Harrisburg, although suggested as early as 
1787, and often moved in the Assembly, did 
not prove successful until by the act of Feb- 
ruary, 1810, when " the offices of the State 
government were directed to be removed to 
the borough of Harrisburg, in the county of 
Dauphin," "within the month of October, 
1812," and " the sessions of the Legislature 
thereafter to be held." The first sessions of 
the Assembly were held in the court house, 
and that body continued to occupy the build- 
ing until the completion of the capitol. 

No historical resume of Dauphin county 
can be called complete without some refer- 
ence to the so-called "Buckshot War" of 
1838. At the October election of that year. 
David R. Porter, of Huntingdon, was chosen 
governor, after a hotly contested political 
canvass, over Governor Ritner. The defeated 
party issued an ill-timed and ill-advised ad- 
dress, advising their friends "to treat the 
election as if it had not been held." It was 
determined, therefore, to investigate the elec- 
tion, and to do this the political complexion 
of the Legislature would be decisive. The 
majority of the Senate was Anti-Masonic, but 
the control of the House of Representatives 
hinged upon the admission of certain mem- 
bers from Philadelphia whuse seats were con- 
tested. The votes of one of the districts in 
that city were thrown out by reason of fraud, 
and the Democratic delegation returned. 
The Anti-Masonic return judges refused to 
sign the certificates, " and both parties made 
out returns each for a different delegation, 
and sent them to the Secretary of the Com- 
' monwealth." The Democratic returns were 
correct, and should have been promptly re- 
ceived "without question." 

When the Legislature met, the Senate or- 
ganized by the choice of Anti-Masonic officers. 



In the House a fierce struggle ensued, both 
delegations claiming seats. The consequence 
was that each party went into an election for 
speaker, each appointing tellers. Two 
speakers were elected and took their seat 
upon the platform — William Hopkins being 
the choice of the Democrats and Thomas S. 
Cunningham of the opposition. The Demo- 
crats believing that they were in the right, 
left out of view the rejection of the votes of 
the Philadelphia district. However, when 
the returns from the Secretary's office were 
opened, the certificate of the minority had 
been sent in, thus giving the advantage to 
the Anti-Masons. It was then a question 
which of the two Houses would be recognized 
by the Senate and the Governor. 

At this stage of the proceedings, a num- 
ber of men (from Philadelphia especially) 
collected in tlae lobby and when the Senate 
after organization proceeded to business, in- 
terrupted it by their disgraceful and menac- 
ing conduct. The other branch of the Leg- 
islature was in like manner disturbed, and 
thus both Houses were compelled to dis- 
perse. The crowd having taken possession 
of the halls proceeded to the court house, 
where impassioned harangues were indulged 
in and a committee of safety appointed. For 
several days all business was suspended and 
the governor, alarmed for his own personal 
.safety, ordered out the militia,, and fearing 
this might prove insufficient, called on the 
United States authorities for help. The latter 
refused, but the militia under Major Generals 
Patterson and Alexander came promptly in 
response. For two or three days during this 
contest, the danger of a collision was immi- 
nent, but wiser counsels prevailed, and the 
Senate having voted to recognize the section 
of the House presided over by Mr. Hopkins, 
the so-called " Insurrection at Harrisburg " 
was virtually ended. This was what is com- 
rnonly known as the " Buckshot War." 

In the war with Mexico, consequent upon 
the annexation of Texas, among the troops 
which went out to that far-off land to vindi- 
cate the honor of our country and preserve 
its prestige, was. the Cameron Guards, under 
command of Cap t. Edward C. Williams. They 
made a good record, their heroic conduct at 
Cerro Gordo, Chapultepec and theGarreta de 
Belina, won for them high renown and the 
commendation of their venerated com- 
mander-in-chief. Scarce a corporal's guard 
remains of that gallant band. 

Coming down to later times, when the 

perpetuity of the Union was threatened and 
the great North rose up like a giant in its 
strength to crush secession and rebellion, the 
events are so fresh in the remembrance of 
all that we shall only refer to them in brief. 
The first public meeting held after the firing 
upon Fort Sumter in the State of Pennsylva- 
nia, and in fact the first in any northern city, 
was in the court house at Harrisburg, Gen. 
Simon Cameron being chairman thereof. 
Dauphin county, foremost in tendering men 
and means to the government for the bitter, 
deadly strife, furnished her full quota of 
volunteers. Twice Harrisburg was the ob- 
jective point of the Confederate troops, and at 
one time (June, 1863) the enemy's picket 
was within two miles of the city. Active 
preparations were made for its defense and 
fortifications erected on the bluff opposite, 
and named " Fort Washingtori." This was 
the only fortification deserving a name 
erected in any of the Northern States. Rifle 
pits were dug along the banks of the river, 
in front of Harris Park, and every prepara- 
tion made to give the enemy a warm recep ■ 
tion. The Union victory at Gettysburg 
checked the further advance of the Confed- 
erates and with it the last attempts to invade 
the North. It would take volumes to re- 
hearse not only the heroism of the sons of 
Dauphin county on the battlefield, but the 
deeds of mercy and charity and love of the 
noble-hearted women. We need not speak 
of the gallantry of the lamented Simmons 
and the six hundred brave dead — stricken 
down on the field of battle, in the hospital or 
in the loathsome prison, or yet of the heroes 
only a few of whom are living — Knipe and 
Jennings, the Awls, Porter, Williams and 
Jordan, Witman and Davis, Detweiler, Mc- 
Cormick and Alleman, Savage, Geety and 
Hummel, and many others — a long line of 
illustrious names — officers and privates of 
that immense force which Dauphin county 
sent out from her midst for the preservation 
of the Union. The location of the first and 
greatest military camp in the Northern 
States was within the limits of Harrisburg — 
named by Generals Knipe and Williams in 
honor of the Chief Magistrate of Pennsyl- 
vania, Camp Curtin, which with being the 
central point of communication, especially 
with the oft-beleagured Federal Capital made 
it a prominent rendezvous. From the com- 
mencement of the war, the charity of the 
citizens was unbounded and without stint, 
the doors of hospitality freely opened, and to 



our honor be it said, two citizens, Messrs. 
John B. Simon and Eby Byers, established 
the Soldiers' Rest, where the sick and 
wounded patriot, on his way homeward, 
found rest, and refreshment and gentle care. 
Thousands were kindly ministered to, and 
until the "boys came marching home " the 
good work went on unabated. In every 
cemetery and graveyard within the borders 
of Dauphin county lie the remains of her 
brave and true sons, while in the cemetery 
at Harrisburg the grass grows green over the 
graves of Union and Confederate soldiers 
from far-off States. In all the struggles for 
life, for liberty, for right and for the Union, 
Dauphin county has been in the van. But 
these dark days of our country have passed 
like " a dream that has been told." May 
the lesson taught be heeded by those who 
come after us — that the Union of States is 
not a rope of sand which may be broken at 
the will of any section. 

The subject of international improvements 
was one which early commanded the atten- 
tion of the citizens of Pennsylvania, and one 
hundred years ago, as now, communication 
with the western country was the great aim 
of the business men of Philadelphia. The 
first effort was the removal of obstructions in 
the various streams, and especially that of 
the Susquehanna river; and although a con- 
siderable amount of money was eventually 
spent in improving the navigation thereof, 
the result was far from satisfactory. Previ- 
ous to the Revolution (1774), the attention of 
the Provincial Assembly was called to this 
matter, and as a preliminary it was proposed 
to lay out a town or city on that stream. 
John Harris, the founder of our city, imme- 
diately gave notice of his intention of laying 
out a town, which seemed to quiet the move- 
ment of undoubted land speculators. The 
Revolution coming on, such enterprises, if 
ever seriously considered, were abandoned. 
No sooner, however, came peace, than the 
business activity of the people sought out new 
channels — roads were made, attempts at 
slackwater navigation ventured on — until 
finally the Pennsylvania canal, from Colum- 
bia to Pittsburgh, opened up an avenue to 
trade, and brought prosperity to all the towns 
on its route. On none had it better effect 
than Middletown and Harrisburg, and the 
former place at one period was destined to 
retain a supremacy in population, enterprise, 
wealth and influence. It was a great lum- 
ber mart; the Union canal and its admira- 

ble location always made it a rival to the 
capital city. 

Previous to-the opening of the Pennsylva- 
nia canal the transportation facilities of the 
town were confined to Troy coaches or stages 
for passengers and Conestoga wagons, great 
lumbering vehicles with semi-circular tops 
of sail-cloth, drawn by six stalwart horses, 
for goods of various descriptions. This was 
expensive — and the completion of the public 
improvements was an eventful era in the 
progress and development of this locality. 
Real estate advanced, commission and other 
merchants established themselves on the line 
of the canal, rope and boat manufactories 
were erected and various enterprises inaugu- 
rated, giving new life to the town and thrift 
and prosperity to the people. Several lines 
of passenger packets were established, and it 
was considered a wonderful thing when four 
packet boats arrived and departed in a single 
day. The consuming of three days and a 
half to go to Pittsburgh began to be deemed 
slow, and the building of railroads opened 
up another era in the development of the 
country. In September, 1836, the first train 
of cars entered the limits of Harrisburg over 
the Harrisburg, Portsmouth, Mount Joy and 
Lancaster railroad. Following this effort, 
other rapid transit enterprises were carried 
forward to completion until at the present 
thne — when no less than one hundred trains 
of passenger cars arrive and leave Harris- 
burg daily for different points. We give 
these facts to show not only how great the 
travel, but the wonderful progress made in 

In the 3'ear 1860 Harrisburg received its 
highest corporate honors — that of a city. 
Although at the time arousing much oppo- 
sition, yet its subsequent growth and pros- 
perity have fully realized the fondest expec- 
tations of its earnest advocates. In popula- 
tion it ranks the sixth in the State, and in 
manufacturing interests it is the third — Pitts- 
burgh and Philadelphia alone exceeding it — 
while in the Union it ranks high among the 
inland cities. Its citizens are proud of its 
prosperity, of its importance and its high 
social position, and look forward to the time 
when the " Greater Harrisburg " will take 
prominent place among the cities of the 
American Union. 

On the 19th of July, 1877, while the gov- 
ernor and commander-in-chief of the forces 
of Pennsylvania was on his way to visit the 
Pacific Coast, a general strike was inaugu- 



rated by the employes of nearly all the rail- 
roads in the United States. In many por- 
tions of the Commonwealth the municipal 
and county authorities failed to restore traffic, 
and for several days the rioters, for such 
many proved to be, had control of affairs. The 
burning of the round-house depot, and cars 
at Pittsburgh, and the attack of a reckless 
and infuriated mob upon the soldiery at 
that place, gave cause for great uneasiness 
and alarm. Travel was suspended on all 
the railroads centering at Harrisburg. 

Sunday, the 22d, was one of great suspense. 
The authorities, however, were quietly pre- 
paring for the emergency. That evening, 
one by one, the City Grays found their way 
to the arsenal, which had been defenseless. 
On Monday the Mexican trophy cannon 
were duly spiked, but the mob, increased by 
tramps, showed signs of disquiet, and affairs 
were assuming such a situation that became 
suddenly alarming. The sheriff. Colonel 
Jennings, returned to Harrisburg on Mon- 
day afternoon and found the city in the 
power of the mob ; the proclamation of the 
mayor of the day previous availing little. 
The sheriff met the committee of citizens, 
and when Mayor Patterson informed him 
that his power to quiet affairs had been ex- 
hausted, at once took measures to preserve 
peace and quiet and restore order. A pro- 
clamation was issued calling upon the law- 
abiding citizens to aid him in the faithful 
discharge of his duty. The city was placed 
under military rule, and the sheriff sum- 
moned all reputable citizens for the support 
of " law and order." 

In the afternoon quite a number of Phila- 
delphia soldiers, who had reached' Fairview 
on the west side of the Susquehanna, sur- ' 
rendered their arms to a handful of the 
rioters, who, with increasing numbers, 
brought the former to the city, marching 
them through Market street to the depot. 
It was a pitiable sight, and only proved 
what was in store had not the prompt meas- 
ures of Colonel Jennings checked this ebulli- 
tion of outlawry. 

On Monday night the rioters, several hun- 
dred in number, began breaking into the 
stores, ostensibly for guns, but in reality for 
pillage. At this juncture the sheriff gath- 
ered the citizens, and placing himself at their 
head came upon the mob, who soon dis- 
persed, while upwards of thirty were arrested 
and placed in prison. On Tuesday twelve 
hundred of the citizens organized into" law 

and order " companies, paraded through the 
city, and from that time, during the emer- 
gency, the citizens patrolled the city, pre- 
serving order, without calling to their assist- 
ance the military. Governor Hartranft, in 
the subsequent message to the Assembly, 
highly complimented the example of theoffi- 
cers and the citizens of the Capital City. 

In the meantime the military gathered for 
the defense of the different railroads so as to 
insure peace and restore traffic, and when 
this was accomplished the citizen-soldiery 
returned to their homes. 

One of the most important events con- 
nected with the erection of the county of 
Dauphin, and the founding of the city of 
Harrisburg, was the celebration of their one 
hundredth anniversary. As the act for 
erecting part of the countj' of Lancaster into 
a separate county, to be called the county of 
Dauphin, was passed March 4, 1785, at noon 
Wednesday, March 4, 1885, the bells and 
whistles throughout the county announced 
the completion of the first centennial of its 
existence. On the 14th of April, 1885, the 
founding of the city was celebrated by the 
Dauphin County Historical Society. But 
owing to circumstances, which it is not 
necessary here to particularize, the time for 
the general celebration was fixed for the 
second week in September, 1885. On Sun- 
day, September 13, 1885, commemorative 
discourses were delivered in nearly all of 
the churches of the city and county, while 
interesting services suitable to the occasion 
were held in the various Sunday-schools. 
The first day's celebration on Monday, Sep- 
tember 14, was called " Children's Day," 
when over five thousand pupils of the various 
schools marched in procession to Harris 
Park, where open exercises were held. At 
noon of that day in the court house commem- 
orative addresses were delivered by the Gov- 
ernor of the Commonwealth, Robert E. Pat- 
tison, the Hon. John W. Simonton, judge of 
the District, Simon Cameron Wilson, mayor 
of the city of Harrisburg, Judge Hiester, 
Major Mumma and others. In the evening 
at the same place, the historical address was 
made by Judge McPherson, followed by the 
centennial poem by Dr. Charles C. Bom- 
baugh, a native of Harrisburg, with remarks 
by General Cameron and Governor Ramsey, 
of Minnesota. The second day, Tuesday, 
was " Military and Civic Day." In display 
and the number of men in line, in connection 
with the magnificent weather and the large 



attendance, the enthusiasm was exceedingly 
great. The third day, Wednesday, was 
" Industrial Day," and the county and city 
covered themselves with glory ; proud, in- 
deed, of their achievements, and grateful 
that their people gave such evidence of the 
respect of the world. The fourth day, Thurs- 
day, was given to the firemen, who wound 
up the celebration with real centennial 
splendor. Over and above all, however, 
was the antiquarian display, which had been 
inaugurated by the Dauphin County Histor- 
ical Society and which has been conceded to 
have been the most unique, as it was the 
most successful exhibition of the kind ever 
held in this or any other country. The ex- 
tent of the exhibition was of a marvelous 
character and the wonder and surprise of 
the citizens, as well as of the strangers within 
the _ city's gates. The entire centennial 
anniversary proved one of the greatest suc- 
cesses in the history of modern times. Per- 
chance no public manifestation or display of 
any character did so much to benefit a city 
as the celebration of 1885. Through its 
industrial parade it showed to the world the 
resources of the city and county, and the 
grand successes of its varied industries. 
Shortly after a board of trade was organized, 
and tlirough it much has been done to make 
Harrisburg one of the greatest manufacturing 
cities in the Union. 

The " Greater " Harrisburg is approaching. 
The first clamor for admission to the mu- 
nicipality was from the township on the 
north — the site of that historic spot, "Camp 
Curtin." Other sections will no doubt soon 
follow. The ordinance of November 28, 1895, 
extending the boundaries reads : 

" That all that piece or parcel of land be- 
ginning at a point in the center of Cameron 
street, thirty-five feet (35) north of the south 
side of Maclay street ; thence westwardly 
along Maclay street and thirty-five (35) feet, 
north of the south side of Maclay street, and 
by this line continued across Susquehanna 
river, to low water mark on the west shore 
of the Susquehanna river, about nine thou- 
sand, six hundred and seventy feet (9,670); 
thence northwardly along the west shore of 
the Susquehanna river, and the low water 
line of the same, about six thousand, one 
hundred and ten (6,110) feet to the center of 
Park lane extended ; thence eastwardly by 
the center of Park lane extended and the 
center of Park lane' about nine thousand, six 
hundred and fifty (9,650) feet to the center of 

Cameron street, as laid out on the City Ofii- 
cialPIat; thence southwardly through the 
center of Cameron street, about three thou- 
sand, four hundred and forty (3,440) feet, to 
the place of beginning, containing one thou- 
sand and sixty acres, more or less, and being 
a part of the township of Susquehanna." 

Before concluding this historical lesume 
of Dauphin county it is eminently proper 
that some allusion be made to the intellect- 
ual and religious culture of our people. The 
pioneer settlers who opened up this region 
of country to civilization were not adven- 
turers, but they came to America for reli- 
gious liberty, and they planted a new gov- 
ernment in this western world, resting upon 
the immutable foundations of education and 
Christianity. Whether Scotch-Irish or Ger- 
man, they brought with them their Bible, 
their minister and their school teacher, and 
to-day, in referring to the educational history 
of Dauphin county, the results must speak 
for themselves. Although within the limits 
of the county there are no extensive educa- 
tional institutions, yet, from border to bor- 
der, the public school system gives to every 
one the advantages of a high education. 
Over half a million of dollars is annually 
expended for tuition and the erection of 
school buildings. One-sixth of the popula- 
tion is in attendance upon the schools, and 
the facilities in the larger cities for educa- 
tional advancement are such as to fit the 
pupils either for the ordinary business walks 
of life or for the advanced curriculum of the 
leading colleges and universities of America. 

As to the religious training of the early 
settlers, one need only refer to the churches 
as almost coeval with the coming of the first 
pioneer. Prior to 1725 the Presbyterian 
churches of Derry, Paxtang and Hanover 
were in a state of organization. These have 
had a remarkable history, but the limits of 
this brief sketch will not allow more than 
this allusion. Following these early land- 
marks of the Scotch-Irish settlement came 
the organization of the Reformed and Lu- 
theran churches. With them in order came 
others, until now within the limits of the 
county, on every hillside and in every nook 
and corner of its towns and townships, can 
be recognized the achievements of the fath- 
ers, who have bequeathed to us the blessings 
of literary culture and religious freedom. 
Keeping pace with these Christian move- 
ments, benevolent institutions have sprung 
up in all parts of the city and county. Few 



districts in any State of the Union are better 
provided than our own county with the ad- 
vantages the people of to-day possess and 

Origin of Dauphin County Names of 

Dauphin county was formed of part of 
Lancaster, part of Berks, comprised all of 
the present Lebanon county from 1785 to 
1813. It was named after the oldest son of 
Louis XVI., whose official title was " The 
Dauphin." Its official population 1890, 96,- 

Harrisburg, from the owner of the site of 
the town, the second John Harris. For 
several years after 1785 the name in all of- 
ficial documents is " Louisburg," in honor 
of the King of Fratice. The French Revo- 
lution came to aid public opinion and its 
proper name was restored. It was incorpo- 
rated as a borough in 1791, and as a city 
in 1860. Its population in 1890, 39,385; 
1896, nearly 55,000. It has been the seat of 
government of Pennsylvania since 1812, 
and the seat of justice since the formation of 
the county. 

Paxtang was one of the original town- 
ships, formed August 17, 1729. The name 
is derived from the Indian stream passing 
through it. The township covered part of 
the present county of Lebanon as far as Rac- 
coon creek. Derry also trespassed on its ad- 
joining neighbor, Lebanon township, but was 
limited in 1813 to the present Derry, Lon- 
donderry aud Conewago. In the ancient 
surveys it appears to have comprised agreater 
area, as far east as the Quitopahilla creek, 
now in Lebanon county. 

Derry. — One of the original townships 
formed August 17, 1729, from the town of 
that name, in the Province of Ulster, Ire- 
land. Population, 2,288. It has several 
post-offices, Swatara, Vain, Waltonville, and 
Derry Church, the latter in the neighbor- 
hood of the most ancient church in Dau- 
phin county. 

Hanover. — The three townships of this 
name preserve the memory of the house of 
Hanover, in the days when those who named 
them were loyal subjects of the English 
kings of that insignificant German Electo- 
rate. The original Hanover was formed in 
1737. Then as follows: 

East Hanover was formed 1785 — popula- 
tion, 1890, 1,428. 

West Hanover formed 1785 — population, 
1890, 1,013. 

South Hanover formed 1842 — population, 
1890, 1,062. 

Union Deposit, in South Hanover, was 
originally Unionvilleor Uniontown. Its pro- 
prietors, Isaac Hershey and Philip Wolfers- 
berger, when they laid it out in 1845, were 
at a loss for a name. The post-office depart- 
ment stepped in, deciding that it should be 
"Union Deposit P. 0." 

Hoernerstown, from the family of that 
name, in South Hanover. 

Manadaville, from Manada creek, where 
it joins the Swatara in South Hanover. 

Sandbeach is a post-office in South Han- 

Grantville, from U. S. Grant, President of 
the United States. It is in East Hanover. 

Earleysville, formerly Schell's " West Han- 
over post-office," although the village is in 
East Hanover township. 

Manada Hill, in West Hanover, from 
Manada creek. It is a post-office. 

Hummelstown. — Laid out by Frederick 
Hummel in 1762. He called it " Fredericks- 
town," but the present name soon superseded 
that. It was incorporated in 1874. The 
population is 1,486. 

Londonderry township, from the county 
of that name in the north of Ireland ; formed 
in February, 1768, originally bounded on 
the west by Derry and south by Conewago 
creek. This was changed in 1826, when 
its present boundaries were fixed. 

Geinburg in this township, from a Ger- 
man family who came to Londonderry about 
1762, and whose family burial ground is • 
north of Middletown and Lancaster turn- 
pike. The site of the graveyard is in culti- 
vation of crops by the present owners; some 
tombstones are yet scattered over its site. 

Port Royal, in the same township, near 
the confluence of the Susquehanna river 
and the Swatara creek, was laid out in the 
expectation of becoming a considerable 
town. Hence the high-sounding name. 

Conewago township, formed April 2, 1850, 
from Londonderry, and named from the 
creek which divides Dauphin from Lancas- 
ter. Population, 872. 

Bachmanville, named after a family of 
that name, is the site of a post-office. 

Deodate is also a post-office in this town- 

Swatara township, named from the creek 
on its southern border in 1799, when it was 



formed. In 1840, upon the formation of 
Lower Swatara, its boundaries were fixed 
as they are now. Its total population in 
1890 was 3,329', including Oberlin, formerly 
Churchville, and Highland, now Enhaute 

Steelton, from the great iron establish- 
ment there. It was incorporated in 1878 
and had a population of 9,250 in 1890 ; now, 
1896, well nigh 14,000, including Ewington. 

Lower Swatara was formed in 1840 from 
Swatara proper. Middletown was a borough 
long before its formation. Population of the 
township, not including Highspire, in 1890, 
was 793. 

Highspire. — One tradition goes that this 
striking name was given by Dautermann or 
Barnes, who laid out the lots in 1818, from 
Spires in Germany, the birthplace of Dau- 
termann. A borough with a population in 
1890 of 971, now, 1896, claiming nearly 

Middletown received its name on account 
of its being nearly equi-distant from Lan- 
caster and Carlisle, the great interior towns 
of the Province, when John Fisher began to 
survey lots in 1759. In 1761 he had sold 
thirty lots to actual settlers. This is the 
oldest town and second in population in the 
county ; was formed into a borough in 1828. 
Its population, 1890, 5,080. 

The Paxtang of 1729 has now dwindled to 
Lower Paxtang, which it became in 1767, 
when Upper Paxtang was formed. Popula- 
tion, including Linglestown, 1,517. 

Linglestown was " St. Thomas post-office " 
for a number of years. The land upon 
which it is built was owned by Thomas 
Lingle, who set off a village plot as early as 

Susquehanna, a township named for the 
river, its western boundary. It was formed 
January 30, 1815. The population was in 
1890, 3^653, reduced in 1896 by extending 
the northern boundaries of the city of Har- 

Rockville, " Fort Hunter post-office," is a 
village of perhaps 300 persons. It was laid 
out in 1838. 

Estherton [Coxestown], from one of the 
wives of Col. Cornelius Cox, owner of the 
land. It was laid out about 1765, and prior 
to the Revolution was a more important 
place than it has been since. 

Progress, upon the supposition that it was 
to be a progressive town, in a very rural lo- 
cality. It is a post-office. 

Upper Paxtang township was formed in 
1765 and covered all of the county above, 
north of theKittatinny mountain. It is now 
of moderate area, with a population of 1,494 
in 1890. 

Killinger, a post-office named after Hon. 
John W. Killinger, is in this township. Pax- 
ton is also another post-office named after 
an English family of that name in Bucks 

Millersburg, in Upper Paxtang, laid out 
by Daniel Miller in 1807 and called for him. 
It is a borough with a population of 1,527. 

Halifax township, formed in 3 803, and 
named for the old Provincial fort of 1756 of 
that name. Its population is 1,208. 

Matamoras, from the Mexican town of 
that name on the Rio Grande. When the 
town was laid out, General Taylor and Mata- 
moras occupied the attention of the whole 
country. Hence the name. 

Powell's Valley is a post-office in Halifax 

Halifax borough contains a population of 
515. It was laid out in 1794 on land of 
George Winter by George Scheffer and Peter 
Rice, but seems to have fallen into other 
hands before its plot was recorded. It occu- 
pies the site of the fort of 1756, named for 
Lord Halifax by Colonels Clapham and Burd, 
who superintended its erection. 

Middle Paxtang township was formed in 
1787. Its population is 1,327. 

EUendale is a post-office in this township. 

Dauphin was first Port Lyon, afterwards 
Greensburg, after Judge Innis Green, who 
owned the land and laid it into lots in 1824. 
It was erected into a borough in 1854. 
Population, 740. 

Jackson township was formed August 23, 
1828, and named for the then President, 
Andrew Jackson. Its population is 1,137. 

Jacksonville in this township, officially 
"Enders"' post-office, was laid out about 
1825 on land formerly of George Enders. 

Fisherville, laid out in 1854, named for 
the late Major George Fisher. A joke about 
this locality long time ago was, that in time 
of war it would be a safe place " for the loca- 
tion of the Federal Government." At a 
more modern date a distinguished member 
of Congress from this district gravely pro- 
posed that if Washington was a dangerous 
locality, Fisherville, in Dauphin county, was 
a safe one. As no one had ever heard of 
the town, the suggestion was not seriously 
considered by the alarmed strategists of 



1863. It is in Jackson township, and is a 
post town. 

Washington township, named for the 
illustrious first President of the United 
States, was formed September 3, 1845. 
Its population is 1,698, including Elizabeth- 
ville (named for the wife of the owner of the 
land) village, a post-office. 

Washington Square is its near neighbor 
on the Ljkens Valley railroad. 

Short Mountain is another village at which 
there is a post-office named from the coal 
mines in its immediate vicinit3^ 

Reed township, the smallest township in 
Dauphin count}', named for William Reed, 
who lived about midway between Clark's 
Ferry and Halifax. His son, William Reed, 
resides in the old homestead. Previous to 
being called Reed township it was Penn 
election district, formed of portions of Mid- 
dle Paxtang and Halifax April 6, 1849. 
When the township was erected the portion 
of Middle Paxtang reverted to the original 
township. Population in 1890, 267. 

Benvenuc, a post-office with a fancy name, 
probably from the Scotch for mountain, and 
good entertainment therewith. "Choniata" 
would be a better Americanism. 

Wiconisco township, named for the stream 
of that name, was formed in July 2, 1839. 
Its population is 2,280. 

Wiconisco village (laid out in 1848) and 
post-office, named for the township. a borough with a population of 
2,450. It was laid out in 1848 by Edward 
Gratz, and is the principal town of the Ly- 
kens Valley coal district. 

Lj'kens township was so named for one of 
the earliest settlers of the locality, and was 
formed in 1810. Erdman post-office is in this 

Williams township, formed February 7, 
1869, named for an early settler. Its popu- 
lation is 1,485. 

Williamstown, a post-office and thriving 
borough. Population, 2,324. 

Rush township, formed October 23, 1819. 
The least populous of the townships, con- 
taining only 151 inhabitants, named for 
Benjamin Rush, a signer of the Declaration 
of Independence. 

Mifflin township, named for Governor 
Thomas Mifflin, and formed Octoher22, 1818. 
Population, 546. Rife and Speeceville are 
post-offices in this township. 

Berrysburg, originally called Hellerstown, 
a borough of 1871 in this township, named 

for a family of that name. This village 
has 426 inhabitants. 

Uniontown, at first called Snydertown, of- 
ficially Pillow P. 0., after Gen. Gideon J. 
Pillow, a soldier of the Mexican war, formed 
in 1864. Population, 333. 

Curtin, for Governor Andrew G. Gurtin, is 
a post-office. Mifflin township has therefore 
five post-offices. 

Jefferson township, named for Thomas 
Jeff'erson and formed April 23, 1842. Popu- 
lation, 317. Carsonville is a post-office in this 

Gratz borough was laid out in 1805 by 
Simon Gratz, incorporated in 1852. Popu- 
lation in 1890, 490. 

Wayne township, named for the gallant 
Gen. Anthony Wayne, is the youngest of the 
townships, formed from the east and most 
populous portion of Jeff'erson in May, 1878. 
Population, 512. 

Enterline, named for a family of that 
name; also in this township. Waynesville 
P. 0. is in Wayne. 

Penbrook, the latest incorporated borough 
in the county. It adjoins Harrisburg on the 

Having reviewed the various civil sub-di- 
visions of the county, we turn to an expla- 
nation and description of its valleys and 

On the south are Conewago creek and val- 
ley. The stream is found on all early charts, 
spelled as at present. 

Then we have the superb Swatara and its 
fertile valley. It enters the county in East 
Hanover and finishes its course at Middle- 
town. The old Union canal was laid out on 
its northern bank. Its tributaries are Bow, 
Manada and Beaver creeks. All early sur- 
veys give the same names. 

The Paxtang has its source near Lingles- 
town amd discharges itself into the Susque- 
hanna at Harrisburg. It is so spelled in the 
early surveys and should be so now, although 
it is frequently written Paxton. 

Fishing creek has its source in West Han- 
over and discharges itself at Fort Hunter. 
It is almost entirely in Middle Paxtang. 

Stony creek, the origin of the name is 
very patent. Its whole course is turbulent, 
over a rocky bed, crowded into the narrow 
valley between the Kittatinny and Sharp 
mountains. It discharges itself at Dauphin. 

Clark's creek and valley, named for the 
Clark family who settled there about 1728. 
Its source is in Schuylkill county, through 



Rush and Middle Paxtang, to the Susque- 
hanna above Dauphin. The valley is very 

Powell's creek and valley, named for a 
family of that name who settled near its 
mouth about 1760, perhaps at an earlier 
date. Parts of the valley are quite fertile. 
Its source is in Jefferson township. 

Armstrong creek, named for the first settler 
in that locality, takes source in .Jackson 
township and discharges north of Halifax. 
The valley is a very fine one. 

Wiconisco creek takes its rise in Schuyl- 
kill county, passing Williams, Washington 
and Wiconisco townships, discharging at 
Millersburg. The Lykens Valley railroad 
is along its southern bank. It is an Indian 
name, and is found spelled on earlier surveys 
as at present, except occasionally with the 
French Ouikonisko. 

Lykens is a beautiful and fertile valley, 
named for Andrew Lycans, who was the first 
to make a settlement in it. 

Mahantango creek is the north boundary 
of the county. It is also an Indian name. 
On the early maps it is called " Kind creet." 
There is a finely cultivated valley on either 
side of it. 

This account would be incomplete without 
mention of the mountainous region of the 
northern portion of the county. Below 
Harrisburg, depressed spurs of the South 
mountain cross from east to west, none of 
them of great elevation. Above that city 
the Kittatinny range, known as First, Second, 
Third and Peter's dividing ridges, covers a 
great portion of Middle Paxtang, Eush, Hal- 
ifax, Jefferson and Wayne townships ; then 
the Broad, Thick, Sharp, Big Lick ridges; 
then Berry's and Mahantango, occupying a 
large proportion of the area of that section 
of the county. Coal is found in the range 
along the Wiconisco creek, principally in 
the Thick or Big Lick mountain. The local 
nomenclature difi^ers very much- from the 

Peter's mountain has borne the same 
designation since 1729. Peter Allen came 
into the neighborhood from Conestoga, 
Chester, now Lancaster county. He was 
upon the first tax rate of that part of Chester 
county in 1717-18. His name is found after 
that in West Conestoga, then in Donegal, 
then in Paxtang; then in the present Middle 
Paxtang; his house is yet standing. That 
was the northeast boundary of Lancaster 
county as formed in 1729. He probably 

canie up the river in 1724, and made prepa- 
ration for permanent location about the 
time Chambers made his choice in 1725. 


Early Settlers and Settlements In the "Upper 

Perchance no more interesting data can 
be furnished by the gleaner in historic fields 
than those of a reminiscential character; and 
owing to this fact we have concluded to 
give within the limits of this brief chapter 
various facts relating to the settlement and 
the early settlers of the " Upper End" of 
Dauphin county. The information was 
gathered twenty years ago [1876], which 
may account for references to individuals 
then living, but who have since passed off 
the stage of life. This should be borne in 
mind by the reader. 

How the Early Settlers Lived. 

Little we know, in this day of comfort and 
luxury, how our ancestors fared. Although 
the elder settlers had some sheep, yet their 
increase was slow, owing to the depredations 
of wolves and other animals. It was, there- 
fore, a work of time to secure a crop of wool. 
Deerskin was a substitute for men and boys, 
and all generally wore leather breeches; and 
occasionally women and girls were compelled 
to resort to the use of the same materials. 
The women did the spinning and generally 
wove all the cloth for the family, the men 
being engaged in clearing and cultivating 
the soil, or with their trusty rifle went in 
search of deer or other game for food. Our 
early settlers, Scotch-Irish as well as Ger- 
man, had large families, and it required 
the continued labor of the wife and mother 
to provide them with anything like com- 
fortable clothing. The men were not in- 
sensible to this devotedness on the part of 
their wives, but assisted in whatever was 
necessary, even in the cookery and the cases 
were few where they could not do all the 
work of the house. The patient endurance, 
however, of the women we commend to the 
ladies of the present. That endurance did 
not arise from a slavish servility or insensi- 
bility to their rights and comforts, but justly 
appreciating their situation, they nobly en- 
countered the difficulties which could not be 
avoided. Possessing all the affections of the 



wife, the tenderness of the mother, and the 
sympathies of the women, their tears flowed 
freely for other's griefs, whilst they bore their 
own with a fortitude which none but a woman 
could exercise. The entire education of her 
children devolved on the mother, and not- 
withstanding the difficulties to be encoun- 
tered, she did not allow them to grow up with- 
out instruction, but amidst all her numerous 
cares taught them to read and instructed them 
in the principles of Christianity. Noble ma- 
trons! Your achievements have come down 
to us through a hundred years for our ad- 
miration and example. 

Settlement of TJniontown. 

David Snyder, Esq., of Lykens, gave us 
this statement of the early settlement of Sny- 
dertown, now known as Uniontown : 

The land upon which Uniontown is located 
was bought from the Hepner heirs by John 
Snyder, in 1818. The heirs were George, 
Christian, Peter and Henry. The land was 
sold by George Hepner and John Balthaser, 
executors, the whole tract being 360 acres. 
The principal street was laid out in 1818, 
simultaneously with the laying out of the 
town. The onlj' road prior was a wagon- 
road leading from the stone mill, now owned 
by Isaac Boyer, to the left, and continuing 
eastward, north of Main street, to the old 
mill now standing in the eastern part of the 
town. Philip Derger built the first house, 
which stands in a street leading from the old 
cemetery northward to Main street. This 
was in 1819. The first church was a Union 
Reformed and Lutheran, built about 1834, 
now used for a dwelling and stands on the 
hill back of Boyer's hotel. The first school 
house stood on the same street, built in the 
year 1828. One hundred lots were first laid 
out by John Snyder, and seventy-five of these 
were sold by him for $30 each — the balance 
for one-half price. No elections were held in 
the town until it became a borough, the 
people being compelled to go to Berrysburg 
for the purpose of voting. The first physi- 
cian was Dr.Ensweiler,who came there about 
1838 and remained about four years. John 
Snyder, the founder of Uniontown, died 
about 1855, in Mercer county, at the age of 
72 years. Philip Derger came from Berks 
county and subsequently moved to the West. 
Mr. Snyder paid |8,000 for the whole tract. 
It was owned before Hepner by Peter Hain. 

Settlement of Wiconisco. 

The late Christian Seip, of Wiconisco, to 
whom we were indebted for much informa- 
tion relating to the history of Lykens Valley, 
furnished this data : 

The number of houses in and about Wico- 
nisco in 1846 was probably not twenty. A 
man by the name of Lance built the first 
house in Wiconisco, where the Methodist 
church now stands. He now lives in Potts- 
ville. Another house stood in the swamp, 
below the railroad, then occupied by a man 
named Wagner. Michael Shaeffer built the 
tavern now occupied by Neiffer. He never 
lived to take possession of it — died before it 
was completed and was buried in the old 
graveyard near the company's stables. He 
first kept tavern in an old frame house near 
the dirt bank. Many of the first miners 
boarded with him. Behind the old breaker 
there were two houses — one occupied by Mr. 
Couch, the company's superintendent. Mi- 
chael Shaeffer, with his brother Henry, came 
from Germany with their father when mere 
boys. It is thought from Hesse Darmstadt. 
An 'old block house near the company's 
stables was the meeting house — Methodist. 
Mr. Shaeffer took the coal trucks down to 
Millersburg with horses. The track began 
behind the old breaker. At that time " shin- 
plasters" were in vogue. The miners re- 
ceived no more than four dollars a week. Six 
dollars was considered very high -wages. A 
man by the name of Frederick Alvord then 
received the highest wages, eight dollars per 
week, for blacksmithing for the company. In 
the beginning the trucks were only driven 
once a week to Millersburg, in trains of eight 
or ten. Drove only gangways then — no 
breasts. Mr. Bordner drove the first gang- 
way of the Short Mountian mines. During 
the earlier mining period the men were paid 
only every three or four months. 

Old Settlers of Lykens. 

Joshua Bowman, Esq., of Lykens, whose 
memory of the early days of Lykens and 
vicinity were quite vivid, gave us the follow- 

Passed through what is now Lykens in 
1840. Was then living with my parents on 
the property adjoining the Forge. The first 
house then in Lykens was Ferree's house, 
now occupied by the brick buildings of 
Charles Martz. The second, Zerbe's, oppo- 



site 'Squire Ferree's. Next the Conner 
house, but lately demolished for the erection 
of the brick house of William A. Wallace. 
Stehley's stood in the woods near the creek. 
Next Kissley's, owned by Jacob Bordner. 
Next an old log house, built by the Fegley's, 
now occupied by Isaac Derger. Next Pat- 
rick Martin's, now Leah Martin's, bis wife. 
Next John Sheean's, now occupied by Gor- 
man & Hensel's foundry. There was a two- 
story and a-half frame house near the creek, 
back of the Valley House, on what is now 
Water, street. This was built by Edward 
Myers for a man by name of Fisher. No 
store in Lykens at that time. Merchandise 
of every sort was chiefly brought from the 
store of Josiah Bowman, at the Forge. The 
other store in all this part of the country 
was that of Henry Shaeffer's, at the Lykelis 
Valley colliery. Some few of the people 
worked in the mines, others employed them- 
selves in the manufacture of shingles, spokes, 
posts and stays, which they traded for the 
necessities of life. No church at that time ; 
but a place of worship in an old school 
house near the company's stable. The com- 
pany then mined coal without preparation. 
It was taken by horse railway to Millersburg, 
then flatted across the Susquehanna to Mt. 
Patrick, on the opposite side, and placed on 
the canal boats of the North Branch for ship- 
ment to Harrisburg. There was no public 
house at that time. The company would 
not tolerate any upon its own grounds, and 
would not sell ground for hotel purposes. 
Jacob Stehley, a gentleman at large, who 
died at Harrisburg a few years ago, rather 
eccentric, yet verj' entertaining and full of 
wit and humor — in his latter days fond of 
hunting and fishing — " botched " in the 
woods at that time, supported by his son 
John, at Harrisburg. Mr. Stehley was about 
sixty years of age, and quite intelligent, full 
of information and lively when in company, 
which he tried to avoid, preferring the life 
of a hermit. The mail was gotten at Thomas 
Harper's, at the Forge. Isaac Ferree was 
quite an old man then. Had sons running 
a saw mill in " Greenland " — the only saw 
miM then about. The mill in " Greenland " 
was erected in 1840, by the Ferree's — Joel, 
Jefferson, Washington, Uriah and Jacob. 
Shortly afterwards the mill at Round Top 
was erected by the same parties, and the one 
at Greenland abandoned. The elections 
were held at the tavern of Michael Shaeffer. 
Deer were plenty — bear also — fish in abund- 

ance — wild turkeys. The men employed in 
the mines about twenty. The old Lykens 
Valley breaker was erected in 1845-7. No 
breaker in 1840. The mines were then a 
mere drift. In 1853 there were about fifty 
houses in Lykens. About the same number 
in Wiconisco. The orders in 1853 were the 
American Mechanics and Sons of Temper- 
ance. No Odd Fellows at that time. They 
organized shortly after. The orders men- 
tioned met in John Hensel's building on 
Main street, second story, steps on the out- 
side leading up. No minister then resident 
in Lykens. Preaching in the stone church, 
Lykens, the only church then, by Watson, 
it is thought. The first railroad consisted 
of wrought-iron tacked on wooden rails — 
called by the natives the " Slabtrack " road. 

The Early History of Oratz. 

To George Hoffman, Esq., of Gratz, are the 
citizens of that locality indebted for the in- 
formation which follows : 

Ludwig Shoffstall, who came from Lancas- 
ter county, built the first house in Gratz — a 
two-story log, yet standing. JEd. Umholtz 
(tavern) lives in it. Frey kept his store in it 
for a long time — he then attached the tavern. 
Conrad Fre}'^ built the tavern about 1820. 
These buildings were followed in the succes- 
sion named by the log dwellings of Matthias 
Bellow, Faust, Rev. Handel, Daniel Fegley, 
Anthony Matthias, Squire Reedy and John 
Reichard. The first church was the brick, 
built in 1832 — German Reformed and Lu- 
theran. The first pastors. Revs. Isaac Ger- 
hardt and John Peter Shindel. Before the 
brick church was erected meetings were held 
by the said pastors in an old log structure, 
built for that purpose by Simon Gratz. The 
first school house was built in 1822 by Eli 
Buffington, the carpenter of the old Hoffman 
church, which he erected about 1771. The 
original Simon Gratz donated the ground. 
Rev. Anthony Hautz was the first pastor of 
the old Hoffman church. He came back 
when he was seventy-five years of age — a 
very small, gray-headed man, about five feet 
in height. A grist mill was built quite early, 
about a quarter of a mile from town, by one 
John Salladay, and ran by a stream of water 
from a spring — wheel over twenty feet high. 
Mr. Salladay was one of the first settlers. 
Jacob Loudenslager was also one of the old 
settlers — lived about the present town, and 
had patented 400 acres in one tract. Old 
John Hoffman lived about a quarter of a 



mile south of the Hoffman church. Andrew 
Hoffman lived east of Jacob Loudenslager a 
quarter of a mile and had patented about 
100 acres. Peter Stein, adjoining, had 300 
acres. Peter Hoffman lived down the Wico- 
nisco creek, a mile this side of the Forge, and 
had 400 acres. The Pottsville road was made 
about twenty years ago. The old Reading 
road about 1800. Peter Hain owned the 
Gap west of town. The Gap was named for 
him. He originally owned the lands upon 
which Uniontown is now situated, before 
Hepner. Adam Heller laid out Berrysburg. 
He lived where Daniel Romberger now lives, 
which was formerly called Hellerstown. He 
was a very lazy, indifferent man. The place 
where the brick church is now located, near 
Gratz, was formerly called Wild Cat Ridge, 
on account of the great number of wild cats 
congregating there. Conrad Frey came from 
Reading, Pa. The Methodist church was 
built in 1846. 

Early Families in the " Upper End." 

Benjamin Buffington, the fitst of the 
name who located in Lykens Valley, was an 
early settler there. He came from Berks 
county, died in 1814, and was buried in the 
graveyard at Short mountain by request. 
His sons were Eli, George, Levi, and John. 
Eli settled near Gratz, where his grandson 
Jeremiah now resides. He married Eliza- 
beth Kissinger and their sons were Abra- 
ham and John E. The latter, b. 1799 ; d. 
1867 ; m. Susanna Artz, and had sons Elias, 
Jeremiah, and Daniel. The other sons of 
the elder Benjamin Buffington intermarried 
into the Hoffman family, lived to be old 
men and had large families. Jacob Buffing- 
ton, Sr., b. 1800 ; d. 1878 ; was by occupa- 
tion a mechanic, and one of the most expert 
hunters in his day. He married Mary Gfun- 
tryman ; and his sons were Isaac, Jonas, 
Jacob, Emanuel, and Levi. Solomon Buf- 
fington, b. 1819; d. Jan. 1, 1878; was a 
mechanic and farmer. He was a prominent 
member of the U. B. Church for many years 
and took an active part during the war of 
the Rebellion. Two of his sons were in the 
Union army. His wife was Margaret Mat- 
ter, and their sons were Moses C, Edward, 
and Uriah. 

1770 Catharine Hoffman. Their oldest son, 
John Reigle, was a justice of the peace many 
years and followed farming. He married 
Susan Sheetz, and of their .children Simon 
resided at Harrisburg, and Obed J. in Will- 
iamstown. Daniel, son of Andrew Reigle, 
married Catharine Harm an. Their son 
Daniel was a county commissioner in 1852, 
serving three years. Jacob, son of Andrew, 
married Nancy Hartman. Andrew, Jr., was 
a farmer and served in the war of 1812-14. 
He married a Miss Stine. Elizabeth Reigle, 
a daughter of Andrew, Sr., married Daniel 
Sheesly, and they were the grandparents of 
Sheriff Sheesly, of Harrisburg. 

Mathias Freck was a native of Baden, 
Germany, from whence he emigrated in 
1815. In 1821 he married Eliza Penrose, 
daughter of Col. Joseph Penrose, of the Rev- 
olutionary army, and the year after settled 
in Lykens Valley, locating first at Gratz- 
town. Of their children Joseph M. Freck 
was a large coal operator, and resides at 
Pottsville, this State. Roland Freck was re- 
cently postmaster at Millersburg. John L. 
and Newton C. Freck are heavily engaged 
in the lumber business in Millersburg. 

John B. Hoffman, b. in 1792 ; d. 1875. 
He was a blacksmith by occupation ; had 
been a military captain and promoted to a 
lieutenant colonelcy, and served in the war 
of 1812-14. He was a prominent member 
of the German Reformed Church, holding 
the ofiices of deacon, elder and trustee. 
Politically he was a staunch Democrat. Col- 
onel Hoffman married Margaret Bowman, 
and his sons were George, John, Christian, 
Josiah, James, and Peter A. 

Andrew Reigle resided on and owned the 
farm near the end of Short mountain, after- 
wards owned by his son Jacob. He was a 
soldier of the Revolution. He married in 

Benjamin Bretz was born in Lykens Val- 
ley in 1796 and died in 1878. He was 
a grandson of Ludwig Bretz, who was 
one of the first settlers in that region, a sol- 
dier of the Revolution, and wounded at the 
battle of Long Island in 1776. Benjamin 
carried on farming ; filled the office of super- 
visor several terms and was prominently 
identified with the military. He was a iflem- 
ber of the German Reformed Church and 
much honored and respected. He married 
Margaret Paul, and they had sons, John and 

Philip Runk was born in Lykens Val- 
ley, September 16, 1805, and died in Janu- 



ary, 1873. His father came to the valley 
after the Revolution, and was one of the first 
settlers in Jefferson township. The son was 
a farmer, served in the military in early 
life, and a prominent member of the U. B. 
Church. He married Elizabeth Smith, and 
their sons were Jacob, Michael, and Adam. 
Jacob was at one time a presiding elder in 
the U. B. Church. 

Adam Cooper came to Lykens Valley 
during the Revolutionary war, and was a 
private in Capt. Martin Weaver's com- 
pany of Upper Paxtang, which marched to 
the relief of the settlers on the West Branch 
in the spring of 1781. He was a farmer and 
a great deer hunter. He married a daughter 
of Ludwig Shott, an early settler, and they 
had a large family. The late John Cooper, 
who represented Dauphin county in the 
Legislature in 1850,- and who recently de- 
ceased, was a son. Connected by marriage 
to the Cooper family are the descendants of 
Jacob Schwab, or Swab, as now written. He 
was a native of Berks county, and died in 
1866, at the age of. seventy-five years. He 
married Catharine Metz, and of their chil- 
dren, Eli Swab filled the office of county 
commissioner two terms. 

Daniel Etzweiler, Sr., was born April 12, 
1800, and died September 15, 1878. He was 
a farmer, filled the ofiice of supervisor two 
terms, served five years in a volunteer mili- 
tia company, and was one of the founders of 
St. James' Lutheran and Reformed church 
near Carsonville. He was''a great hunter, 
and excelled in deer shooting and the trap- 
ping of bear on the mountains. Mr. Etz- 
weiler married Christiana Smith, of North- 
umberland county, and their sons were Jona- 
than, Daniel, Michael, Elias, Peter, Adam, 
and Henry. 

Dr. Robert Auchmuty, the son of Samuel 
Auchmuty, was born near Sunbury, North- 
umberland county. Pa., in the year 1785. 
He was descended from an old Celtic family 
of Scotland. Robert Auchmuty, the first of 
the American family of that name, an emi- 
nent lawyer, was in practice at Boston, 
Mass., as early as 1719. He died in 1750, 
leaving several children. Among these, 
Robert, who in 1767 became judge of the 
Court of Admirality at Boston ; Samuel, who 
was rector of Trinity church, New York 
city, and Arthur Gates. The latter came to 

Pennsylvania as early as 1765, and located 
in then Lancaster county. In that 3'ear we 
find him commissioned as an Indian trader, 
with permission to trade with the natives at 
Penn's creek, Shamokin and such other forts 
as may by his majesty or the Provincial au- 
thorities be established. He first settled at 
the mouth of Penn's creek, on the Isle of 
Que, and from thence removed to the oppo- 
site side of the Susquehanna, a few miles 
below Fort Augusta, in what is now Lower 
Augusta township, Northumberland county. 
During the war of the Revolution Samuel 
Auchmuty, one of his sons, and father of the 
doctor, entered the patriot army, and was in , 
service from the winter at Valley Forge 
until the close of the war. The veteran's re- 
mains rest in the old burial ground at Mil- 
lersburg, unmarked and the spot unknown. 
Dr. Robert Auchmuty received a good edu- 
cation, studied medicine and began the 
practice of his profession at Millersburg 
about 1830-31. Apart from the duties 01 
his profession he served many years as ejus 
tice of the peace, being first commissione - 
by Governor Ritner. He was an enterprid 
ing, active citizen, and a warm advocate s- 
the common school system when that nobof 
measure was adopted, and was a gentlemale 
beloved and respected by his fellow citizenn 
He died at Millersburg in 1849, at the ags. 
of 64, and is buried in the new cemetery ae 
that place. He was the father of S. P. Aucht 
muty, Esq., of Millersburg. . 

Hartman Rickert, an emigrant from Ger- 
many, settled near Short mountain at an 
early date; he died at the age of eighty-six 
years, leaving one son Hartman Rickert, Jr., 
who married Catharine Seebold. They were 
upwards of eightj^ at their death. They had 
children: Henry, m. Miss Romberger- 
Martin, m. Elizabeth Yerges; Peter, m 
MissKlinger; Jacob, m. Elizabeth Hoover 
All left descendants. 

John F. Bowman was born in Lancaster 
county Pa., May 10, 1771. His father was a 
farmer, residing on Pequea creek, not far 
from Strasburg. John F. was brought up 
as a millwright, but subsequently entered 
mercantile pursuits. In 1809 he removed 
to Halifax, where he was a merchant from 
that period to 1830, when, believing a larger 
sphere of trade was opened for him, he went 
to Millersburg, where he successfully con- 
tinued in business until his death, which oc- 



curred on the 6th of November, 1835. Mr. 
Bowman first married in 1794 a daughter of 
Isaac Ferree, whose farm adjoined that of 
his father. By this marriage they had the 
following children : Eliza, Maria, George, 
Josiah, m. Elizabeth Rutter. Mr. Bowman 
married, secondly, in, 1805, Frances Crossen, 
daughter of John Crossen. They had issue 
as follows: John J., m. Margaret Sallade; 
Levi, Louisa, Isaac, Mary E., m. Rev. 0. W. 
Jackson ; Lucinda,m. Dr. Hiram Rutherford ; 
Jacob, Emeline, Benjamin. John F. Bow- 
man was one of the representative men of 
the " Upper End," enjoj'ed a reputation for 
.uprightness and honesty, and highlj' es- 
teemed by those who knew him. Genial, 
yet quiet and unobtrusive, he never sought 
or would accept any local or public office. 
His second wife, Frances Crossen, b. August 
13, 1786 ; d. September 30, 1846, and lies in- 
terred beside her husband in the old Metho- 
dist graveyard at Millersburg. 

Jacob Hoover settled in the " Upper End" 
in 1800; and built the mill now owned by 
Daniel Buffington. Of his children : Jacob, 
d. young; m. Miss Bellas; Christian, m. 
Miss Feagley ; and their son Samuel was the 
first superintendent of the Short Mountain 
mines ; he removed to Minnesota many years 
ago; John, m. Margaret Lebo; he owned 
the mill erected by his father ; Mary, m. John 
Shoffstall ; Katharine, m. George Kissinger; 
Mary, m. Jacob Bordner; Susanna, m. Henry 

Abraham Jury. — Among the earliest settlers 
on the Wiconisco was Abraham Jury, or, as 
it is sometimes written, Shora. He was of 
French Huguenot descent, and emigrated 
from Switzerland about 1755. He located 
within the valley not far from the town of 
Millersburg. He was a farmer and took up 
a large tract of land. In the Revolution he 
served during the campaign in the Jerseys, 
and subsequently on the frontiers, as did also 
his eldest son, Samuel. He died in August, 
1785,leavinga wife Catharine, and the follow- 
ing children : Samuel, Abraham, Mary, Mag- 
dalena, Margaret, Catharine, Susanna, and 
Salome. Samuel, we presume, either removed 
from the valley or died early,for Abraham, Jr., 
seems to have come into possession of the old 
homestead. The latter died in November, 
1805, leaving John, who was of age, and 
Jacob, Hannah and Sallie, minors. 

Rev. Charles Edward Muench. — Any his- 
toric record of the Upper End would fail of 
completeness without some mention of the dis- 
tinguished "Dominie" of Hoffman church. 
We refer to the Rev. Charles Edward Muench, 
a native of Mettenheim, Wartenburg, in the 
Palatinate of Chur Pfaltz on the Rhine, Ger- 
many, born January 7, 1769. He was of 
Huguenot-French descent, his grandfather, 
Charles Frederick Beauvoir, fleeing France 
during the religious persecutions, and pur- 
chasing the " Muench 'Hofi"," took his sur- 
name therefrom. Charles Frederick, the 
younger, was early sent to Heidelberg, where 
he completed his theological studies. It was 
just at the commencement of the general 
war in Europe, when on the occasion of his 
home being invaded by the French army he 
received and accepted a commission as cap- 
tain of a company of huzzars in the Allied 
armies, in which service he was severely 
wounded by a pistol ball in the leg, and a 
sabre cut on the left hand. He commanded 
the guard that conducted Lafayette to the 
prison at Olmutz. On the 8th of July, 1794, 
he was promoted quartermaster under Sir 
Francis of Wiedlungen. On the very day 
of his promotion he married Margaretha 
Bieser. In 1798 he came to America, where 
he taught a German school successively at 
Shaefferstown, Lebanon county, and Rehrers- 
burg, Berks county. In 1804 he removed to 
Lykens Valley, at the Hoffman church 
school property ; but discouraged somewhat 
at the wild appearance of the land, he went 
to Union county. Subsequently, in 1806, 
the congregation at Hoffman "church re- 
quested his return, when yielding thereto, 
he once more entered upon the duties of his 
station. For a period of twenty-eight years 
he was a faithful teacher, and. although not 
the ordained minister, yet very frequently 
conducted the religious services in Hoffman 
church, and officiated on funeral occasions. 
He was greatly beloved by the people, and 
his death, which occurred on the 8th of Jan- 
uary, 1833, occasioned sorrow in many a 
household. His beloved wife, Margaretha, 
died in the following year, 1834, and their 
remains lie interred side by side in the 
graveyard of old Hoffman church. The Rev. 
Muench was exceedingly expert with the 
pen — had a refined artistic taste as to draw- 
ing and designing — and in the ornamenta- 
tion of books and inlaying of furniture. He 
was a musician of no ordinary abilitv, and 
was an adept in all those essentials charac- 



teristic of the home culture of the Germans 
of the better class. Mr. Muench's children 
were: Juliana, m. Jacob Wolf; William 
Henry, m. Eliz. Reed, of Northumberland 
county; Susanna Louisa, m. Jacob Riegel; 
Charles Frederick, m. Grace Leyburn, of 
Carlisle; Daniel Augustus, of Halifax, m. 
Lydia Smith ; Jacob Dewalt, m. Salome 
Moyer ; Margaret, m. Peter Miller of Halifax. 

Simon Sallade. — There are few citizens of 
the county of Dauphin who are not familiar 
with the name and valuable services of 
Simon Sallade, one of the representative men 
of this district forty years ago, and concern- 
ing whom we have been able to glean the 
biographical data which herewith follows : 

Simon Sallade was born near Gratz, Dau- 
phin county, Pa., on the 7th of March, 1785. 
His father, John Sallade, of French Hugue- 
not descent, was a native of Bosel on the 
Rhine, born in March, 1739, emigrated, with 
other members of his family, to America at 
an early period, and was among the first 
settlers on the Wiconisco. He died at the age 
of 88 years, in November, 1827, being blind 
about ten years before his death. He mar- 
ried on the 8th of February, 1771, Margaret 
Everhart, daughter of George Everhart, born 
in Berks county in 1747, and concerning 
whom we have thefollowingincident. Upon 
the Indian incursions on the east side of the 
Susquehanna, subsequent to the defeat of 
Braddock, in the fall of 1755, she was taken 
captive by the savage marauders, near what 
is now Pine Grove, Schuylkill count}'. She 
was an unwilling witness to the scenes of 
murder and atrocity, when the merciless In- 
dians tomahawked and scalped her parents, 
brothers and sisters, and beheld the home of 
her birth illuminatingby its red glare the mid- 
night sky, while only she of all her friends 
was left — and she a prisoner with the cruel 
and blood-thirst}"^ savage. Doubtless there 
was some attractiveness of person or piteous- 
ness of appeal which saved her life. Of the 
wearisome years of her captivity among the 
Indians, west of the Ohio, we have little 
knowledge. It is not, however, until the 
power of the French on the beautiful river 
was broken by the courage and skill of Gen- 
eral Forbes, that the little prisoner was rescued 
and returned to her friends in Berks county. 
She lived to a ripe old age. John Sallade 
had five sons and two daughters, Simon be- 
ing next to the youngest. Simon Sallade, 
owing to the want of schools in those early 

days in the valley, was obliged to depend 
upon the educational instruction given by 
his parents, but being an apt scholar, it 
was not long before he mastered the main 
branches in a good education. He was a 
great reader, and, although books were few 
in those days, he read and re-read those fall- 
ing into his hands. Later in life, toward 
manhood's years, he acquired considerable 
knowledge by the aid of a teacher, whom he 
and some of the young men of his neighbor- 
hood employed for that purpose. He was 
quite a performer on the violin and being of 
a social nature, he was often the center and 
life of many winter evening gatherings of 
that time. 

Mr. Sallade was a mill-wright by trade, 
acquiring much of his proficiency in that 
vocation from an apprenticeship to Jacob 
Berkstresser, of Bellefonte. Many of the old 
mills within 30 or 40 miles of his home, were 
of his designing, and in fact the workman- 
ship of his hand. A self-made man, ener- 
getic, social and industrious, he became in 
time one of the most popular men of the 
Upper End. 

His constant contact with the people of all 
classes in social life or business relations re- 
sulted in his taking warm interest in politi- 
cal affairs. Although a politician, he was 
such for the advancement of the public good. 
He was a Democrat of the old school, and 
when named for office, he appealed to the 
people instead of the party for support. He 
was four times elected to the Pennsylvania 
House of Representatives. First, in the 
years 1819 and 1820, at the age of 34; next 
in 1836-7, at the age of 51 years; and again 
in 1853, when he was in his 69th year. 
Each time the Whigs were largely in the 
majority in Dauphin county, yet always 
when put in nomination by the Democratic 
party, Mr. Sallade, save in one instance, was 
elected. This defeat was due in part to a 
letter written at the time to Charles C. Rawn, 
Esq., chairman of the temperance committee, 
in which he announced his opposition to the 
passage of the Maine liquor law. His letter 
was bold and outspoken. He did not con- 
ceal his opinions for the purpose of sailing 
into office under false colors. He might 
have done as latter-day politicians do, as did 
his opponents at that time — evaded the 
question and deceived the voter. Simon 
Sallade preferred defeat to deception — that 
the honorable career that he had made and 
sustained for political integrity and honesty 



should lose nothing of its lustre in his de- 
clining years. 

During his term in the Legislature he was 
the author of what was generally known as the 
" Wiconisco Feeder Bill." To his zeal and 
tact, that important legislation for the Upper 
End of Dauphin county, owes its passage. 
Through this outlet the Lykens Valley coal 
fields were first developed. He was the 
superintendent for the construction of the 
Wiconisco canal, and held the appointment 
through the canal commissioners. 

Simon Sallade died at the old liomestead, 
near Elizabethville, on the 8th of November, 
1854, and is interred in the village grave- 
yard at that place. His wife was Jane Wood- 
side, daughter of John Woodside, of Lykens 
Valley. She died September 3, 1854, and 
is buried in the sanje graveyard. They had 
issue as follows: Margaret, m. John J. Bow- 
man, of Millersburg; Ann, m. Edward 
Bickel ; Jane, m. Daniel K. Smith; Simon, 
Jacob, John, George, and Joseph. 

There are many hearthstones, writes one 
who knew Simon Sallade well, and to whom 
we are greatly indebted for much of the in- 
formation herewith given, in Lykens Valley, 
where the story of his sociability, hospitality, 
humor, honesty, and his many deeds of 
charity, are rehearsed by those of the fathers 
of the present generation who never saw or 
knew him, except from the traditionary his- 
tory which is part and parcel of every family 
and community. 

John Peter Willard, of Huguenot descent, 
was a native of Switzerland, born in 1745. 
He came to America as a soldier in the Brit- 
ish service, but shortly after landing effected 
his escape. He then volunteered in the 
cause of the Colonies, and was with other de- 
serters stationed on the Indian frontier or as 
guard of prisoners of war. At the close of 
the Revolution he took up a tract of land in 
Lykens township,called "Amsterdam," where 
he settled, began farming and subsequently 
married. He died in 1821, at the age of sev- 
enty-six. His wife died the following year 
(1822) aged seventy-seven. They left the 
following family : Adam, who came into pos- 
session of the homestead ; his, children, Jo- 
seph, John A., Henry B. and Adam, Jr., then 
divided the farm ; part of it yet remains in 
possession of the descendants; Samuel re- 
mained in the valleyj a farmer, and. had a 
large family ; Anna Maria married John 
Philip Umholtz. 

The Lykens Valley Coal Development. 

The Wiconisco Coal Company, named for 
Wiconisco creek in the northeastern portion 
of the county, was organized in 1831, com- 
posed of six members — Simon Gratz, Samuel 
Richards, George H. Thompson, Charles 
Rockland Thompson, all of Philadelphia, 
and Henry Schriner and Kenry Sheafer, 
both of Dauphin county. They began work 
at opening their mines by drifts in the gap 
at Bear Creek, and sold coal in the vicinity 
in 1832. The first miners were three Eng- 
lishmen — James Todoff, John Brown and 
William Hall, who came from Schuylkill 

The Lykens Valley railroad was located 
by Mr. Ashwin, an English civil engineer, 
and extended from the mines in Bear Gap, 
sixteen miles, to the Susquehanna river, 
along the north foot of Berry's mountain. 
This road was constructed under the direc- 
tion of John Paul, civil engineer, Henry 
Sheafer, superintendent, and Simon Sallade, 
director. The road was completed and began 
transporting coal in 1834 by horse power, on 
a fiat strip rail. A number of ark loads of 
coal were shipped from Millersburg in March 
and April, 1834. Then the coal cars were 
boated across the Susquehanna, from the 
terminus of the railroad at Millersburg to 
Mt. Patrick, on the opposite side of the 
canal, in Perry county. This site was for- 
merly owned by Peter Ritner, brother of 
Governor Ritner. Here the Lykens Valley 
company had a set of schutes on the Penn- 
sylvania canal, where they shipped their 
coal to market. The first boat load of Lykens 
Valley coal was sent on Saturday, April 19, 
1834, by boat " 76," forty-three tons, Capt. C. 
France, consigned to Thomas Baldridge, 
Columbia, Pa. 

Shipments continued in this manner until 
1845, when the railroad was worn out, and 
abandoned until 1848. Then a portion of the 
railroad was regraded, and all laid with new 
" T " rail. The Wiconisco canal was built 
and shipments resumed in 1848, and have 
continued ever since. Up to and including 
1858, the total shipment of coal from the 
Lykens Valley mines, from the beginning, 
■ amounted to eight hundred and forty-eight 
thousand, seven hundred and eighty-one 
tons, and the grand total shipments on the 
Susquehanna were three millions, two Jiun- 
dred and thirty-four thousand, seven hun- 
dred and eighty-one tons, which included 

Governor Wolfe. 

Governor Shunk. 

GOVERNOR porter. 

Governor findlay. 



shipments of coal by the Union canal and 
other avenues as follows : 

The Shamokin railroad was opened in 

The Dauphin and Susquehanna in 1854. 

The Treverton railroad in 1855. 

At this early day of the coal trade, this 
portion of the country was wild and seemed 
far removed in the woods. Lykens Valley is 
the broad expanse, three to five miles in 
width, of fertile red shale soil between the 
Mahantango mountain on the north and 
Berry's mountain on the south, with the Sus- 
quehanna river as its boundary line on the 
west. Its eastern portion is a distance of 
twelve miles from the river, and is sub-di- 
vided into two smaller valleys, the main or 
northern one extending some ten miles east 
to the valley of the Mahanoy creek. The 
south portion is named after its early settler, 
Williams, who built a grist mill near Will- 
iamstown, also named after him. 

Andrew Lyeans, the Pioneer of the Wiconisco 

In 1723 Andrew Lyeans (not Lycan) 
settled on the Swatara creek, where he took 
up two hundred and fifty acres of land ad- 
joining lands of Robert Young and Lazarus 
Stewart, and which was surveyed to him on 
the 4th of April, 1737. About 1740 he seems 
to have sold out, and removed with a num- 
ber of others to the west side of the Susque- 
hanna, where he settled and made some im- 
provements on a tract of land between Shear- 
man's creek and the Juniata, in then 
Cumberland county. This not being in- 
cluded in the then last Indian purchase, the 
Shawanese, who had a few scattered villages 
on the Juniata, complained of the encroach- 
ments of these settlers and demanded their 
removal. To pacify the Indians, the Pro- 
vincial authorities sent, in 1748, the sheriff' 
of Lancaster county, with three magistrates, 
accompanied by Conrad Weiser, to warn the 
people to leave"at once. But, notwithstand- 
ing all this, the settlers remained, determined 
not to be driven away at least by threats. 

On the 22d of May, 1740, after more 
decisive measures had been decided upon by 
the Provincial government, a number of 
high dignitaries who had been appointed 
by the lieutenant governor, held a conference 
at the house of George Croghan in Penns- 
boro' township, Cumberland county. Sub- 
sequently, accompanied by the under-sheriff 
of that county, they went to the place where 

Lyeans and others lived, and after taking 
the settlers into custody burned their cabins 
to the number of five or six.* 

They were subsequently released by order 
of the governor of the Province, when An- 
drew Lyeans removed with his family to the 
east side of the Susquehanna beyond the 
Kittatinny mountains, and by permission 
of the authorities, settled on a tract of about 
two liundred acres, situated on the northerl}' 
side of Whiconescong creek." Here he 
made " considerable improvements," which 
we learn from a document in our possession. 

Until the spring of 1756 these pioneers on 
the Wiconisco were not disturbed in their 
homes, but following the defeat of Braddock, 
everywhere along the frontier the savages 
began their work of devastation and deatli. 
Their implacable cruelty was stimulated by 
the promise of reward for scalps on the part 
of the French, beside the further one of be- 
ing put into possession of their lands. On 
the morning of the 7th of March, 1756, An- 
drew Lyeans and John Rewalt went out 
early to fodder their cattle, when two guns 
were fired at them. Neither being harmed, 
they ran into the house, and prepared them- 
selves for defense in case of an attack. The 
Indians then got under cover of a hog house 
near the dwelling house, when John Lyeans, 
a son of Andrew, John Rewalt and Ludwig 
Shott, a neighbor, crept out of the house in 
order to get a shot at them, but were fired 
upon by the savages, and all wounded, the 
latter (Shott) in the abdomen. At this 
moment Andrew Lyeans saw one of the In- 
dians over the hog house, and also two 
white men running out of the same, and get 
a little distance therefrom. Upon this, Ly- 
eans and his party attempted to escape, but 
were pursued b3' the Indians to the number 
of sixteen or upwards. John Lyeans and 
Rewalt, being badly wounded and not able 

*NOTE. — ^We have before us the account of An- 
drew Work, sheriff of Lancaster, for removal of 
trespassers at Juniata," which is as follows : 

" Dr. Province of Pennsylvania to Andrew Work, 
Sheriff of the County of Lancaster and Cumberland. 
" To ten days attendance on the Secretary Mag- 
istrates of Cumberland, by his Hon'r, the Gover- 
nor's command to remove sundry persons settled to 
the northward of the Kichitania mountains : 
" To paid the Messenger sent from Lancaster 

at mv own expenses, • . • ■ 3:7:0 

"To the" Under-sheriff's Attendance on the 

like service, eight days, 

"To his Expenses in taking down Andrew 
Lyeans to Prison to Lancaster other Ex- 
penses on the Journey, . • • ■ 2:10:0 
"Augt., 1750. And. Work, Sher. 



to do anything, with a negro, who was with 
them, made off, leaving Andrew Lycans, 
Shott and a boy engaged with the Indians. 
The savages pursued them so closely that 
one of them coming up to the boy was going 
to strike his tomahawk into him, when Lud- 
wig Shott turned and shot him dead, while 
Lycans killed two more and wounded sev- 
eral in addition. At last, being exhausted 
and wounded, they sat down on a log to 
rest themselves ; but the Indians were some- 
what cautious and stood some distance from 
them, and subsequently returned to look 
after their own wounded. Lycans and all 
his party managed to get over the moun- 
tain into Hanover township, where they 
were properly cared for. Here Andrew Ly- 
cans died, leaving a wife, Jane Lycans, 
and children, John, Susanna, Rebecca, 
Elizabeth, Mary, and Margaret. It is 
not known when Lycans' family, with 
the other settlers, returned to their homes 
in the Wiconisco Valley — but not until 
all danger was over; and although on 
a subsequent occasion they were obliged to 
leave all and flee before the marauding sav- 
ages, yet the one alluded to was the only in- 
stance where they so narrowly escaped with 
their lives. Besides, the erection of the forts 
at Shamokin (Sunbury) and at Armstrong's 
(Halifax) and at McKee's, at the foot of 
Berry's mountain, was perchance ample pro- 
tection from the annual marauds of the In- 
dians, which up to the year 1764 kept the 
frontier inhabitants in a terrible state of ap- ' 
prehension and fear. 

John Lycans, son' of Andrew, became an 
officer of the Provincial service, commis- 
sioned July 12, 1762. In June, 1764, he 
was stationed at Manada Gap. It is prob- 
able he removed from the valley prior to 
the Revolution. His mother, Jane Lycans, 
in February, 1765, had a patent issued to 
her for the land on which her husband had 
located. The Lycans cabin stood until 
about twenty years ago on McClure's farm, 
owned at present by H. L. Lark. Ludwig 
Shott died about 1790, and left a large family ; 
some of his descendants remain in the val- 
ley. Rewalt subsequently removed to the 
now thickly settled portion of the Province. 

Andrew Lycans has given his name to 
this beautiful valley of the AViconisco, owing 
perchance to the terrible encounter with the 
Indians as narrated. The orthography has 
been changed within the last fifty years, but 
we have not learned the reason therefore. 

Whether Lykens, or Lycans, we trust that 
no attempt may ever be made to deprive the 
first pioneer of the name which has been 
appropriately given to it. 


Genealogical Notes. 

In the absence of town records, much diffi- 
culty is daily experienced by those in search 
of the records of their ancestry. In Penn- 
sylvania, save among the early Quakers, the 
abstracts of wills, the assessment lists, the ad- 
ministration accounts, with an occasional 
deed, are the only fields for genealogical re- 
search prior to the war of the Revolution. 
Owing to this fact, and to preserve to the 
people of Dauphin county, and to the de- 
scendants of those who have gone out from 
it and are scattered over many States of the 
Federal Union, we have compiled the follow- 
ing abstracts of wills pertaining to that sec- 
tion of Lancaster county which, after 1785, 
became the county of Dauphin. The history 
of the family is becoming of far greater im- 
portance than the general history of public 
affairs or that of the individual. We feel 
confident, that in the, preservation in this 
volume of these beginnings of the early 
family history of the pioneers and other set- 
tlers, we do excellent service ; and, therefore, 
tender them to those into whose hands this 
Encyclopedia of Biography may fall, believ- 
ing that no other chapter contained within 
the covers of the volume will be more highly 
appreciated. At the present time, when on 
all sides efforts are being made to preserve 
the history of the family, no better lexicon 
of genealogy can be found i n any local his- 
torical volume. 

Ashton, Alexander, of Hanover, d. De- 
cember, 1743, leaving a wife Isabella, and 
children ■. James, John, and Henry. The ex- 
ecutors were Walter Carruth and John Mc- 

Allison, William, of Derry, d. in August, 
1739, leaving a wife, and several children. 

Allison, James, Sr, of Cormack Plains, d. 
in September, 1739, leaving a wife Jean, and 
children : Isabella, James, and John. 

Allison, John, of Derry, d. in May, 1747, 
leaving a wife Jeanet, and child ren : Robert, 
Jean, Isabel, Margaret, Jeanet, and James. 

Allison, James, d. in September, 1762, 
leaving a wife Rebecca, and children : James, 



Anna m. Defrance, Janet m. William 

•Watt, Margaret m. Bowman, Sarah, 

and Rebecca. Mrs. Rebecca Allison d. Sep- 
tember, 1764. 

Allison, Robert, of Derry, d. in February, 
1765, leaving brothers William and John, 
who were his executors. The legatees of his 
estate were the trustees of the Philadelphia 
Hospital, the Grammar School of Newark, 
Del., Anabella McDowell and Mary Clark. 

Allison, John, d. May, 1767, leaving a wife 

Ann, and children : Patrick, Jane, m. 

Clark, Margaret, John, James, Ann, William, 
Robert, and Rose. 

Allison, James, d. April, 1776, leaving his 
estate to his sisters Sarah Allison, Rebecca, 

m. Killwell, and Janet, m. William 

Watt ; also to his nephews, James and John 

Allen, William, of Hanover, d. in Feb- 
ruary, 1744, leaving a wife Sarah, and chil- 
dren : William, John, Benjamin, and James. 

Allen, William, of Hanover, d. in March, 

1782, leaving a wife Elizabeth, and children : 
John, Sarah, m. James Dixon, Jean, m. John 
Sawyer, Elizabeth, m. Samuel Mann, Mary, 
m. John Snodgrass, Samuel, and William. 
He mentions grandchildren Sarah and Allen 
Dixon, Mary and William Allen. 

Armstrong, James, of Paxtang, d. Decem- 
ber, 1758, leaving a wife Jean, brothers Will- 
iam and John, sisters Margaret, Mary, Eliza- 
beth, m. Thompson, and Frances. 

Andrews, John, of Hanover, d. March, 

1783, leaving a wife Rachel, and among 
others, daughter Elizabeth. 

Barnett, John, d. September, 1734, leaving 
a wife Jennet, and children : Thomas, Joseph, 
Robert, James, John, Rebecca, Mary, and 

Barnett, Samuel, of Hanover, d. July, 
1758, leaving a wife Martha, and children : 
Samuel, John, Elizabeth, Sarah, and Rebecca. 

Barnett, William, of Hanover, d. Febru- 
ary, 1762, leaving a wife Margaret, and chil- 
dren: Joseph and Sarah. .John and Will- 
iam Barnett were the executors. 

Barnett, William, of Paxtang, d. Septem- 
ber, 1764, leaving a wife Rebecca, and chil- 
dren : John, William, Mary, Rebecca, Isabel, 
and Jean. 

Barnett, John E„ of Paxtang, d. January, 
1785, leaving a wife Margaret, and children : 
Andrew, John, and Janet. 

Bartlett, John, d. prior to August, 1761, 
leaving sisters as follows: Rachel, m. Will- 
iam Mills, Mary, m. Matthew Chambers, 

Bathsheba, m. John Bailey, Rebecca, Martha. 

Barclay, William, d. prior to 1761, at that 
time his widow Esther being the wife of 
Mclntire. William Barclay's chil- 
dren were: John, Hugh, Stephen, Joseph, 
Mary, Margaret, Martha, Esther. 

Brandon, William, of Hanover, d. April, 
1753, leaving a wife Isabella, and children: 
James, Catharine, Ann, and William. 

Black, David, of Derry, d. November, 1753, 
leaving a wife Jane, and his estate to his 
nephews, William and Thomas Spencer, and 
William Laird, and nieces, Eliza Laird and 
Mary Maxwell. 

Black, Hugh, of Derry, d. September, 1759, 
leaving a wife Margaret, and children : 
Thomas, David, deceased, Jean, Agnes, m. 
John Laird, and Mary, m. Maxwell. 

Bowman, Thomas, of Derry, d. in 1763, 
leaving a wife Mary, and children : Hugh, 
Jean, Elizabeth, John, and Thomas. 

Bowman, Stephen, of Paxtang, d. May, 
1782, leaving a wife Anna, and children : 
Chrisly, John, Stephen, Barbara, m. Elias 
Neglee, Mar}', m. JohnRoop, Addy, m. .Jacob 
Roop, Freney, m. Chrisly Stopher, Ann, ra. 
Henry Landis, and Elizabeth, m. Melchoir 

Brown, William, of Hanover, d. January, 
1771, leaving children; Mary, Ann, Molly, 
William, John, and James. John and An- 
drew Brown, presumably brothers, were the 

Brown, Daniel, d. April, 1782, leaving a 
wife Agnes, and children : Philip, Margaret, 
Elizabeth, Agnes, and John. 

Boyd, Jane, of Paxtang, d. in December, 
1772; ,she left children: Mary, Jane, and 
Martha ; sons-in-law James Miller, James 
Means, James Anderson, William McWhor- 
ter, and Robert McWhorter ; also a grand- 
child, Jane Means. 

Boyd, Robert, of Paxtang, d. September, 
1785, leaving a wife Elizabeth, and children : 
Sarah, Elizabeth, Margaret, and Catharine 
— the first three then residing in Ireland. 

Boyd, William, of Derry, d. May, 1800, 
leaving a wife Jennett, and children : James, 
John, who had a son William, Jennett, m. 

Moore, Mary, m. Strawbridge, 

Williams, and William, 

Margaret, m. 

who had a son WiUiain. 

Brightbill, J. Dorst, of Hanover, d. in 
December, 1773, leaving a wife Mary, and 
children : Elizabeth, Mary, John, and Peter. 

Balsbach, George, of Hanover, d. in Sep- 
tember, 1773, leaving a wife Maria Eva, and 



children : Peter, Valentine, Margaret, Cath- 
arine, Eva, and George; son-in-law George 

Boeshore, Jacob, of Hanover, d. December, 
1778, leaving children: Henry, Catharine, 
John, Jacob, Ann, Christina, and Margaret; 
son-in-law Adam Baumgardner. 

Boggs, William,, of Paxtang, d. March, 

1782, leaving a wife Lydia, and children : 
James, Catharine, Ann, Margaret, Elizabeth, 
William, Lydia, and John. 

Bishop, William, d. March, 1783, leaving 
a wife Anna, and children : Christopher, 
Peter, John, Philip, Godleib, and Susanna, 
m. Bretz. 

Bell, William, of Paxtang, d. in October, 

1783, leaving children : John, George, Will- 
iam, Thomas, Arthur, Andrew, Jean, Sarah, 
Mary, Dorcas, and Margaret. 

Bell, Thomas, b. 1787 ; d. June 23, 1815. 
His wife Ann, b. September 18, 1740. They 
had among other children : Rev. Samuel, 
m. Mary Snodgrass; James, b. 1772, d. 

March 6, 1841, m. Catharine , b. 1782, 

d. October 4, 1826; Eliza, m. James Dale, of 
Union county. Pa. 

Brand, John, of Paxtang, d. in November, 
1783, leaving his estate to brothers Chris- 
topher, Jacob, and Peter ; to sisters Eliza- 
beth, m. Allman, Nancy, and Mary, 

m. Hemperly. 

Bradley, Samuel, of Hanover, d. April, 
1785, leaving a wife Agnes, and brother John, 
whose children were Samuel, William, Mary, 
and John, brother James and son Samuel, 
brother Matthew; besides Mary and Will- 
iam Shay, children of William Shay. 

Boal, Peter, of Paxtang, d. April, 1791, 
leaving his . estate to his brothers John, 
Michael, Henry, and sisters not named. 

Bordner, John, of Lykens, d. June, 1812, 
leaving a wife Susanna, and children as fol- 
lows : Peter, Anna, m. Adam Heller, Susanna, 

Bucher, Casper, of Paxtang, d. September, 
1800, leaving a wife Catharine, and children : 
George, John, Casper, Catharine, m. Henry 
Goetz, Elizabeth, m. Jacob Engel, Anna 
Maria, m. Samuel Wiestling, Dorothea, m. 
Godfrey Fritchey, Magdalena, m. Henry 
Shiley, and Jacob. 

Clark, William, d. in September, 1732, 
leaving wife Esther, and children : William, 
Sarah, Esther, and Priscilla. The executors 
were Thomas Clark and Rev. Adam Boyd. 

Clark, Sarah, d. October, 1752, leaving sis- 
ters: Esther, m. Jonathan Jones, and Pris- 

cilla, m. Joseph Cookson, and a brother Will- 
iam Clark. , 

Clark, John, d. in January, 1753, leaving 
a wife Elizabeth, and children: Thomas, 
Robert, and James. 

Clark, Thomas, d. in 1759, leaving a wdfe 
and children named: James, John, Abraham, 
William, Thomas, Eleanor, Ma,ry, and Mar- 

Clark, William, d. in May, 1763, leaving 
wife Margaret, and children :, Peter, John, 
Thomas, Joseph, and Ann. He mentions 
his son-in-law John Baldridge. 

Clark, Robert, of Upper Paxtang, d. in 
March, 1771, leaving a wife Jean, and chil- 
dren: William, Jean, m. Thomas Renick, 
Elizabeth, m. John Means, and Mary, m. 
William Wallis. 

Clark, Robert, of Paxtang, d. March, 1788, 
leaving his estate to his nephew William 

Clark, Benj., of Hanover, d. March, 1801, 
leaving children: Thomas, Margaret, de- 
ceased, m. John Gilichen, Mary, m. Richard 
McCIay, grandson Benjamin Clark, and 
granddaughter Elizabeth Clark, m. Balzer 
Stein, children of his daughter Jane. 

Cathey, John, of Paxtang, d. in February, 
1742, leaving a wife Ann, and children: 
Alexander and Eleanor. 

Campbell, Samuel, of Derry, d. October, 
1747, leaving a wife and children: William, 
James, John, Hugh, and Thomas; also grand- 
children Elizabeth and Samuel, children 
of Hugh Campbell. 

Campbell, William, d. in April, 1748, 
leaving a wife Mary, and children : John, 
William, Mary, Jane, Margaret, and Ann. 
The executors were Samuel Reed and Samuel 

Campbell, Andrew, d. in June, 1752, 
leaving children : John, Archibald, Andrew, 
Sarah, and Margaret; besides grandchild 
Jane, m. Robert McNeal. 

Campbell, James, of Londonderry, d. in 
May, 1771, leaving a wife Rosan'na, and 
children : John and Patrick ; grandchild 
James, son of John ; sister Martha Cary. 

Campbell, Patrick, d. July, 1772, leaving 
a wife Mary, son-in-law William Smith, and 
grandchild Campbell Smith. 

Campbell, Andrew, d. in July, 1797, leav- 
ing his estate to his nephews Daniel, Archi- 
bald, and John McNeal. 

Campbell, John, of East Hanover, died in 
1787, leaving a wife Margaret, and children : 



William, James, John, Mary, Jane, Isaac, 
and Margery. 

Craig, John, d. prior to September, 1760, 
and left issue : Sarah, m. David Allen, Mary, 
Isabel, and John. 

Caldwell, Andrew, d. in December, 1752, 
leaving a wife Ann, and children : Andrew, 
Rachael, m. James Croswell, and Robert; 
granddaughter Hannah, child of Rachael. 

Caldwell, Robert, d. March, 1755, leaving 
his estate to his mother Ann Caldwell, and 
brother Andrew Caldwell, and sister Rachael, 
m. James Croswell. 

Caldwell, Andrew, d. in January, 1759, 
leaving a wife Martha, and children : Alex- 
ander, Andrew, John, and David. 

Caldwell, Andrew, of Paxtang, d. in April, 
1771, leaving children : Sarah, m. James 
Carson, Rebecca, David, Ann, Andrew, and 
James. The executors were James Carson, 
Matthew Smith, and Andrew Caldwell. 

Caldwell, John, of Paxtang, d. in March, 

1782, leaving a wife Mary, and children : 
David, James, John, Sarah, and Ann. 

Caldwell, David, of Paxtang, d. in May, 

1783, leaving mother, Mary Caldwbll, 
brothers James and John, and sisters 
Sarah and Ann. 

Caldwell, James, d. in March, 1785, leaving 
a wife Mary, and children : John, William, 
Andrew, Oliver, James, Mary, m. William 
Mooney, and Agnes, m. John Atchinson. 

Caldwell, John, of Paxtang, d. April, 1786, 
leaving a father John ; brothers James and 
David, and sister Ann. 

Crawford, John, or Christopher, a native 
of Londonderry, Ireland, came to America 
about 1803. He married, about 1805, Bar- 
bara Radebaugh Berryhill, daughter of Peter 
Radebaugh, of Hummelstown,and widow of 

■ Berryhill. By her first marriage Mrs. 

Crawford had : Mary, b. February 9, 1794, 

m. Wise ; Justina, b. March 21, 

1796, m. Deary; William, b. 1798, 

d. December 11, 1867, m. Catharine Bran- 
don, d. August 28, 1.863, at Harrisburg. The 
children of Christopher or John Crawford 
and Barbara Radebaugh Berryhill were : 
John, b. November 6, 1808 ; Eliza, b. 1808 ; 
m. Robert Wright, and removed to Miami 
county, Ohio; Mrs. Wright resided near 
Potsdam, that county ; Jane, b. June 9, 
1810, m. John Daly, of Lewistown, Pa.; then 
removed to Piedmont, W. Va., where their 
descendants now reside ; Mrs. Daly died in 
1880; Susan, b. 1812, m. Andrew Murray, 
of Hanover ; removed to Harrisburg, Mont- 

gomery county, Ohio, and subsequently to 
Blue Ball, Butler county, that State ; Bar- 
bara, b. January 18, 1814, m. John Delaney, 
of Derry, Dauphin county, removed to Red 
Lion, Lycoming county. Pa. Mr. and Mrs. 
Crawford diedinSpringdale, and were buried 
in the old church graveyard at Hummelstown. 
Cochran, William, of Paxtang, d. in July, 

1749, leaving a large famil}^ of children, only 
two of whom are named in the will, Janet 
and Martha. 

Cochran, John, of Hanover, d. in July, 

1750, leaving a wife Jean and son William. 
Cochran, Andrew, of Paxtang, d. in No- 
vember, 1775, leaving children : James, Jean, 
Mary, Martha, Sarah, John, Andrew, and 
William. The executors were Andrew and 
William Cochran. 

Calhoun, John, of Paxtang, d. in October, 
1754, leaving a wife Janet and son George. 

Calhoun, James, d. November, 1772, leav- 
ing a wifeElizabeth, and children : William, 
James, Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah, and Jane. 

Calhoun, William, of Paxtang, d. Septem- 
ber, 1786, leaving a wife Agnes and daugh- 
ter Elizabeth, m. Henry McCormick, and 
other children : Isabel and William, and 
also a grandson William. 

Cunningham, William, d. in December, 

1751, leaving a wife Isabella, and children : 
John, Thomas, James, Margaret, and Mary. 
The executors were Anna Kyle and Samuel 

Cunningham, Samuel, d. in July, 1777, 
leaving a wife Janet, and children : Robert, 
Samuel, Sarah, Martha, and James, and 
grandchild Hannah Campbell. 

Chambers, James, of Derry, d. in Febru- 
ary, 1758, leaving a wife Sarah, and chil- 
dren : Ann, Sarah, James, Elizabeth, Benja- 
min, and Joseph. The executors were Rob- 
ert Boyd and Arthur Chambers. 

Chambers, Arthur, of Derrj'^, d. in 1761, 
leaving a wife Jean, and children : Max- 
well, Robert, Rowland, Arthur, and John. 
Jean Chambers and James Shaw were the 

Chambers, Thomas, of Paxtang, d. in Feb- 
ruary, 1768, leaving a wife Mary, and 
daughter Catharine. James Patterson and 
Samuel Hunter and Thomas Forster we're 
the executors. 

Chambers, William, of Paxtang, d. in Oc- 
tober, 1765, leaving a wife Mary, and chil- 
dren : Margaret, Elizabeth, Sarah, James, and 
Samuel. The executors were Mary and Sam- 
uel Chambers. 



Chambers, Samuel, of Paxtang, died in 
Jijly, 1766, leaving a wife Jean, and mother 
Mary, brothers William, John, and James, 
and sister Sarah. James Chambers and 
Joshua White were the executors. 

Chambers, John, of Paxtang, d. in March, 
1770, leaving a wife Margaret, and children : 
Samuel, Robert, Elizabeth, Isabel, Esther, 
and Mary. 

Chambers, Maxwell, of Paxtang, d. in 
June, 1785, leaving children : Elizabeth, b. 
April 14, 1792 ; Arthur, b. December 5, 1793 ; 
Jeremiah, b. November 16, 1794; and Max- 
well, b. September 7, 1799. 

Crawford, William, d. in April, 1761, 
leaving a wife Violet, and children : Isabella, 
m. William Moore, Elizabeth, m. John 
Crawford, Robert, and William. 

Crawford, David, d. in April, 1779, leav- 
ing a wife Mary, and children : Ann, Martha, 
Betsy, and James; grandchildren Lillie 
Hamilton, David and John Maybin, Mary 
and Sarah Clark, David and William Craw- 

Carson, William, of Paxtang, d. in Sep- 
tember, 1761, leaving a wife Elizabeth, and 
children : Sarah, Agnes, John, Jean, and 

Carson, John, of Paxtang, d. in February, 
1765, leaving a wife Elizabeth, and children : 
William, John, and Elizabeth ; and step- 
children Sarah Willis and Tillie Gillespie. 
The executors weie Jeremiah Warder, John 
Ord, and John Pywell, all of Philadelphia. 

Carson, James, of Paxtang, d. in July, 
1773, leaving children : Jean and Andrew, 
brother Alexander, and sister Mary Sloan 
alias Thompson. 

Carson, John, of Paxtang, d. January, 1778, 
leaving children : Richard, John, George, 
and Jean, and son-in-law James Wilson. 
Sons Richard and George were the execu- 

Curry, William, of Paxtang, d. in Feb- 
ruary, 1746, leaving a wife Agnes, and child 
Mary, and brothers Robert Curry and An- 
drew Caldwell. 

Curry, Robert, of Paxtang, d. in May, 
1768, leaving a wife Mary Ann, and chil- 
dren : William, Margaret, Jean, Agnes, John, 
Daniel, and James. 

Crocket, John, of Derry, d. in March, 1768, 
leaving a wife Jean, and children : Thomas, 
Robert, John, and James. There were others, 
but not mentioned by name. Jean Cham- 
bers and Robert Bradshaw were the execu- 

Caruthers, Robert, of Derry, d. November, 
1770, leaving a wife Eleanor, and a brother 
James. Robert Chambers and Jacob Cook 
were the executors. 

Caruthers, Robert, of Derry, d. April, 1772, 
leaving children : Mary, Eleanor, Dorcas, 
Jane, and Sarah, son-in-law Henry Taylor, 
and grandchild Robert McCartney. Jacob 
Cook and David Montgomery were the ex- 

Carr, John, of Derry, d. February, 1789, 
leaving sisters Rosannah Campbell, Mary 
McMichael, and her children : John, James, 
Jean, and Mary ; Susannah, m. Coul- 
ter ; and brother Joshua ; also a sister's son, 
Robert Edmiston ; Susannah Caldwell, Mary 
Caldwell, and Rosannah Green. 

Cooper, William, of Hanover, d. April, 
1785, leaving a wife Sarah, and children : 
John, Robert, who had a son Robert, Mar- 
garet, m. Alexander Mitchell and had a son 
William, and Isabella, m. David Ramsey. 

Corbett, Peter, of Upper Paxtang, d. 1785, 
leaving his estate to his daughter Margaret, 

m. Sturgeon, and other children : 

Jean, Peter, Samuel, John, and Thomas. 

Duncan, John, d. in 1746, leaving a wife 

Duncan, James, of Derry, d. in March, 
1758, leaving a wife Jean, and children: 
Mary, Elizabeth, Jean, Margaret, Anthony, 
James, Andrew, and Joseph. The execu- 
tors were Thomas Logan and Robert Boyd. 

Duncan, James, of Martick, d. in Septem- 
ber, 1765, leaving a wife Elizabeth, and chil- 
dren : John, Robert, James, Andrew, Sarah, 
m. Robert Martin. The executors were wife 
Elizabeth and son John. 

Duncan, Jean, of Derry, d. October, 1765, 
leaving children: Joseph, Andrew, John, 
James, Elizabeth, .Jean, and Margaret. John 
Steel and Patrick Haj's were the execu- 

Duncan, John, of Paxtang, d. October, 
1788, leaving wife Ann, brothers James, 
Robert, Andrew, sister m. John Hilton, and 
their daughter Jean, grandson David 
Ritchey, great-grandchildren John and Ann 

Dickey, George, d. in October, 1748, leav- 
ing a wife and children: James, William, 
John, Sarah, Susanna, Esther, Elizabeth, 
and Moses. Moses Dickey was executor. 

Dickey, Moses, of Paxtang; d. in May, 
1766, leaving a wife Agnes, and children: 
William, John, Catharine, m.John Forster, 
Sarah, m. John Carson, Agnes, m. Robert 



Dickey, and Moses. The executors were 
John and Moses Dickey. 

Deininger, Leonard, d. September, 1770, 
leaving a wife Mary Margaret, and children : 

Adam, Barbara, and Catharine, m. 


Dearmond, Mary, of Hanover, d. in March, 
1780, leaving children: John, Sarah, Mar- 
garet, and Richard; grandchildren James 
Robertson and Mary Johnston. Richard 
Johnston and Richard Dearmond were the 

Ettelin, David, of Paxtang, d. in May, 1 781, 
leaving a wife Anna Margaret, and children: 
Christina, John, Philip, Catharine, Conrad, 
David, and Anna. The executors were 
Christopher Heppich and Conrad Wolfley. 

Ellis, Ann, of Humm-elstown, d. 1788, 
leaving children : Christiana, m. Samuel 

Miller ; Ann, ra. Wolfkill ; and sister 

m. Mathias Hoover, and their son Ma- 

Enterline, John Michael, of Upper Pax- 
tang, aged 74 years, d. March, 1800, leaving 
a wife Anna Barbara, and children : John 
Michael, John Paul, Daniel, Anna Mary, 
m. Adam Lenker, and Elizabeth, m. Henry 

Foster, David, of Derry, d. in November, 
1745, leaving a wife Mary, and children : 
David, William, James, and Robert. The 
executors were Andrew Moore and John Mc- 

Foster, William, of Derry, d. March, 1764, 
leaving brothers James, John, Robert, and 

Foster, David, of Londonderry, d. in April, 
1778, leaving a wife Mary, and daughter 
Elizabeth. Mary and James Foster were the 

French, James, of Hanover^ d. in Septem- 
ber, 1764, leaving a wife Margaret, and 
children: Mary, Thomas, Isabel, James, 
Agnes, Elizabeth, John, Sarah, Ruth, and 

Fleming, George, of Paxtang, d. in June, 
1768, leaving a wife Martha, and children : 
Elizabeth and Margaret. 

Fleming, John, of Derry, d. in April, 1777, 
leaving a wife Jean, and children : John, 
Margaret, Eleanor, and Ann. Jean Flem- 
ing and Jacob Cook were the executors. 

Finney, James, of Hanover, d. in April, 
1774, leaving a wife Jane, and children : 
Thomas, Mary, Jane, and Rebecca. 

Finney, Thomas, of Hanover, d. Marcli, 
1786, leaving a wife Isabella, and children : 

Martha, Mary, Jane, Isabella, Margaret, 
Effie, John, and Henry. 

Flora, Joseph, Sr., of Paxtang, d. Septem- 
ber, 1785, leaving a wife Katharine, and 
children: David, deceased; Abraham, de- 
ceased; John, deceased ; Katharine, m. .John 
Bomberger; Mary, m. Michael Bomberger; 
Joseph, and Peter. Executors Katharine 
Flora and Conrad Wolfley. 

Fertig, Michael, of Middle Paxtang, d. prior 
to 1800, leaving a wife Mary, and children 
as follows: Michael, John, Zachariah, Peter, 
Adam, and Elizabeth, m. Jacob Bogner. 

Flack, Alexander, of Derry, d. March, 
1788, leaving by first wife Elizabeth, chil- 
dren : Martha, Christina, Margaret, William, 
Thomas, and Elizabeth ; by second wife 
Dorothy, children : Dorothy and Sabina. 

Fox, Peter, of Lower Paxtang, d. in May, 
1814, leaving a wife Anna, and the follow- 
ing children : Henry, Peter, and Anna. 

Forster, Thomas, of Paxtang, d. in July, 
1772, leaving brothers John and William; 
sisters Elizabeth, Margaret, Isabella, and 

Fisher, George, of Paxtang, d. October, 
1781, leaving children: John, George; and 
Hannah. The executors were Joshua and 
Jonas Chamberlin. 

Graham, John, d. January, 1743, leaving 
a wife and children : William and John. 
Richard Sankey and Brice Sankey were ex- 

Graham, James, d. in October, 1745, leav- 
ing a wife and children: James, John, and 
Mary. Richard Sankey and Patrick Wat- 
son were the executors. 

Graham, John. d. in December, 1763, leav- 
ing a wife Margaret, and brothers George 
and Robert. 

Graham, James, of Hanover, d. May, 1786, 
leaving a wife Agnes, and his estate to his 
brother John, deceased, and his children : 
William, James, and John ; to sister Eliza- 
beth Innis, and lier children : Elizabeth, 

Ann, m. Irwin, Racliael, m. David 

Sterrett, Mary, m. Timothy Green ; to sister 
Martha Graham and her children : Mary, 

m. Young, Jennie, m. Irwin, 

William, Martha, m. Black, John, 

Ann, and Samuel ; to sister Ann Hender- 
son and her children : Mary, m. 

Smith, Samuel, and John ; brother Alexan- 
der Graham, and his daughter Ann, m. 
Thomas Bell; sister Margaret and her chil- 
dren : Jennie Bell and Ann Crawford. 
Gilchrist, John, of Paxtang, d. in Feb- 



ruary, 1746, leaving a wife Jean, and chil- 
dren : James, John, Elizabeth, and Robert. 
Gilchrist, James, of Paxtang, d. April, 
1777, leaving a wife Jean, and children : 
Eleanor, Mary, Margaret, Jean, Elizabeth, 
Martha, and John. Robert Gilchrist execu- 

Gilchrist, James, d. May, 1782, leaving a 
wife Sarah, and children : Margaret, m. 
Charles Harrow, Sarah, m. James Robert- 
son, and Robert; grandchildren James and 
Alexander Harrow. 

Gilchrist, Robert, of Paxtang, d. July, 
1783, leaving a wife Sarah, and children : 
Thomas, John, Robert, Elizabeth, Eleanor, 
Agnes, and Sarah. 

Gilchrist, William, d. in March, 1795, 
leaving children: Sarah, Samuel, and a son- 
in-law James Cummings. 

Gilliland, Hugh, d. in November, 1750, 
leaving a wife Ann, and children : Mary, 
Eleanor, Ann, Elizabeth, Agnes, Robert, and 
Hugh. Executors wife Ann and brother 

Gillespie, Patrick, of Paxtang, d. in 
March, 1771, leaving a wife Mary, and chil- 
dren : John, William, Catharine, and Mary. 
Gallagher, John, of Paxtang, d. in April, 
17.81, leaving a wife Elizabeth, and children : 
Sarah, Mary, Thomas, and William. The 
wife, with David Montgomery and Andrew 
Stewart, were the executprs. 

Greenlee, James, of Hanover, d. March, 
1785, leaving wife and children : William 
and son James, James, Alexander, and 

Harper, Moses, of Paxtang, d. April, 1746, 
leaving his estate to his brother Samuel, sis- 
ter Jean, and nephew Moses Harper. 

Harris, John, of Paxtang, d. in 1748, leav- 
ing a wife Esther, and children : William, 
Samuel, David, Elizabeth, John, and Esther. 
John Harris and George Gibson were the 

Hall, James, d. August, 1745, leaving a 
wife Catharine, and children : John, Will- 
iam, Jane, Mary, and Catharine. 

Hall, Hugh, of Derry, d. in. February, 
1758, leaving a wife Sarah, and children: 
John,. George, Thomas, James, Hugh, Sam- 
uel, Rose, and William. Sarah Hall and 
Joseph Candour were the executors. 

Hall, Thomas, d. in March, 1759, leaving 
a wife Isabella, and children : Mary, Sarah, 
Hugh, Elizabeth, and John. The executor 
Isabella, his wife. 

Hall, Sarah, of Londonderry, d. April, 

1783, leaving children : Rose, m. Jacob Cook, 
Samuel, and William ; grandchildren Sarah 
Hall and Sarah Cook. 

Hendricks, Tobias, of Pennsboro, d. No- 
vember, 1789, leaving children : Henry, John, 
Rebecca.Tobias, David, Peter, Abraham, and 
Isaac. Executors were his wife and son 

Hamilton, James, d. in December, 1748, 
leaving a wife Mary, and son James. He 
mentions his cousins Thomas and James 
Hamilton, and brother Hance Hamilton. 

Hamilton, Jean, of Londonderry, d. May, 
1801, leaving children: Elizabeth, William, 
and James. 

Hamilton, William, d. in 1782, having 
made his will September 17, 1778. In this 
he mentions his wife Jean, and the following 
children : Hugh, William, John, Robert, 
Ann, m. James Wallace, James, now in the 
army, Nancy, m. Thomas Wade. The ex- 
ecutor of the estate was his son Hugh. 

Hays, John, of Derry, d. May, 1766, leav- 
ing a wife Margaret, and children : Jean and 
William. The wife and Patrick Hays were 

Hays, John, of Londonderry, d. in April, 
1774, leaving a wife Mary, and children : 
James, Jean, Mary, John, and Sybil. The 
executors were wife Mary, and trusty friend 
William Hays. 

Hays, Hugh, of Londonderry, d. in April, 
1779, leaving a wife Mary, and child : Mar- 
garet. He speaks of his brother, Patrick 
Hays, and sisters Buchanan and Morrison. 

Hays, David, of Rapho, d. May, 1780, 
leaving a wife Jean, and children : Robert, 
John, Patrick ; son-in-law Alexander Scott. 

Hays, Robert, of Derry, d. April, 1807, 
leaving a wife Margaret, and children : Mar- 
garet, John, Patrick, Robert, William, Sam- 
uel, and Joseph. 

Hough, Joseph, of Hanover, d. in July, 
1768, leaving children : Ann, Elizabeth, and 
Joseph. Executors were Joseph Stout and 
Samuel .Jones. 

Haney, Margaret, of Paxtang, d. February, 
1771, leaving children: Jean, Margaret, m. 
Patrick Heaney, and Mary, and grandchild 
Howard Heaney, and brother John Scott. 

Hill, John, of Hanover, d. in June, 1770, 
leaving a wife Abigail, and children : Will- 
iam, Jenny, Ann, and Abigail. 

Hill, Robert, of Hanover, d. 1783, leaving 
children: William, Abigail, and Robert, 
and step-daughter Ann Morton. 

Heart, Henry, of Derry, d. in June, 1771, 



leaving a wife Agnes, and a number of chil- 
dren. Names not given. 

Huston, Andrew, of Paxtang, d. in May, 
1782, leaving a wife, whose maiden name 
was Park. The legatees were : Brother 
James and his sons Andrew, James,William, 
and John, sister Margaret, wife of Thomas 
Mayes, niece Jean Hilton, niece Mary Smith, 
brother John and his son John, niece Mar- 
garet Stewart, nephew Robert Thome, the 
children of .John Rutherford, Thomas, 
Samuel, John, William, Jean, Martha, and 
Mary, sister-in-law Margaret Rutherford. 
The executors were John Rutherford, Will- 
iam Thome, and Samuel Hutchinson. 

Hubler, Abraham, of Hanover, d. in Feb- 
ruary, 1777, leaving children: Barbara, m. 
Francis Alberdal, Jacob, Catharine, Salome, 
and John. 

Hutchison, John, of Hanover, d. in March, 
1784, leaving a brother Robert and a sister 
Lydia Scott. 

Hutchison, Joseph, of Hanover, d. in Feb- 
ruary, 1785, leaving children: Mary, m. 
Robert Moody, Lydia, m. James Wilson, 
step-daugh ter Margaret Robinson , and grand- 
children Joseph Willson, Elizabeth Jami- 
son, and Nancy Scott. 

Henderson, John, of Swatara, d. Septem- 
ber, 1801, leaving children: William, John, 
James, Alexander, Francis, and Mary, m. 
James Graham. 

Harrison, Sarah, widow, of East Hanover, 
d. August, 1806, leaving children: Elizabeth, 

m. Martin, Mary, m. Ward, 

Jane, Sarah, James, and Stephen. 

Hume, Mary, of Hanover, d. April, 1791, 
leaving brothers: John, William, and 
Thomas, and sister Martha. 

Hume, William, of Hanover, d. February, 
1792, leaving a mother Ann Hume, brothers 
James, Thomas, and John; sisters Isabel, 
Eleanor, and Martha. 

Irvine, William, of Pennsboro, d. in May, 
1748, leaving a wife Eleanor, and children: 
Mary, Francis, John,William, Robert, James, 
Samuel, and Alexander. 

Ireland, James, of Derry, d. September, 
1767, leaving a wife Anna, and child: Mary. 
The executors were Robert Wallace and 
Matthew Laird. 

Innis, Elizabeth, of Hanover, d. May. 1788, 
leaving daughters: Ann Irwin, Rachael, wife 
of David Sterrett, Elizabeth, wife of John 
Gilchrist, and Mary, wife of Timothy Green, 
son James Innis and grandson Brice Innis. 

Isenhower, Peter, of Paxtang, d. May, 1801, 

leaving a wife Ann, and children: Peter, 
Frederick and son John, Samuel, Michael, 
Elizabeth, Nicholas, Magdalena, Barbara, 
John, Catharine, Christina, Ann, Margaret, 
and Jacob. 

Johnston, Francis, d. September, 1752, 
leaving a wife Isabella and children: Mary, 
George, and John. 

Johnston, James, of Paxtang, d. Septem- 
ber, 1783, leaving children: James, Jean, m. 
John Foster; step-daughters Eleanor and 
Mary McClain; and grandchildren Martha 
Willson and Janet Means; son-in-law 
Thomas Means. 

Johnson, John, of Hanover, d. in January, 
1763, leaving children : Robert, William, and 

Jones, Darick, of Paxtang, d. in July, 1777, 
leaving a wife Jean, and children : William, 
Benjamin, Miriam, and Jean. Executors 
were wife Jean and brother Benjamin, resid- 
ing at Kirkwood, Hunterdon county, N. J. 

Jones, Isaac, of Halifax, d. January, 1816, 
leaving children as follows : Jacob, John, 
and George. 

Jury (Sliora), Abraham, of Upper Paxtang 
d. September, 1785, leaving a wife Catharine, 
and children: Samuel, Abraham, Mary, 
Magdalena, Margaret and her son Andrew, 
Catharine, and Susannah. , 

Kerr, John, of Paxtang, d. in July, 1734, 
leaving a brother William, and nephew 
George, son of William. 

Kerr, James, of Paxtang, d. in June, 1748, 
leaving a wife and children : John, Joseph, 
William, Mary, James, and Nathaniel. The 
executors were James Morris and Thomas 

Kerr, John, of Derry, d. October, 1754, leav- 
ing children: Sarah, m. Caruthers,and 

James; grandchildren John, Robert, and 
Esther Caruthers. The executors were James 
Kerr and Seth Rogers. 

Kerr, Joiin, d. in 1778, leaving brothers 
Michael and Thomas, and sisters Janet and 

Kirkpatrick, William, of Paxtang, d. Sep- 
tember, 1760, leaving a wife Margaret, and 
children : John, William, Margaret, Anna, 
and Sarah. 

Kapp, Michael, d. in May, 1764, leaving a 
wife Margaret, and children: Christopher, 
Barbara, George, Valentine, John, Andrew, 
Michael, Anthony, Jacob, Peter, Susanna, 
Catharine, and Christina. 

Kapp, Margaret, widow, d. in December, 
1785, leaving children : Christopher, George, 



John, Andrew, Michael, Anthony, Peter, Bar- 
bara, Susanna, Catharine, and Christina. The 
executors were George Kapp and son-in-law 
Martin Frey. 

Kelly, George, of Derry, d. in September, 
1768, leaving wife Rosanna, and children : 
Andrew, Thomas, and Rachel. The wife and 
brother Patrick Kelly were executors. 

Kelly, Patrick, of Londonderry, d. in July, 
1770, leaving a wife Rachael, and children : 
Patrick, Thomas, James, Rachael, Mary, 
George, Anna, and John ; grandchild An- 
drew, son of George. 

Kii'kwood, Robert, of Hanover, d. Septem- 
ber, 1771, leaving a son William and a 
brother William. Robert Wallace and James 
McCreight were the executors. 

Kittering, Adam, of Londonderry, d. in 
N( vember, 1775, leaving a wife Magdalena, 
and children : Valentine, Jacob, Michael, 
Lawrence, and Margaret, m. Mathew Stehley; 
grandchildren Abraham and Barbara Steh- 

Kennedy, David, of Paxtang, d. April, 
1775, leaving a wife Sarah. 

Kennedy, -James R., of Paxtang, d. in Sep- 
tember, 1777, leaving a wife Mar}^ ; his widow 
d. in September, 1777, leaving a brother 
John Kerleton. 

Kennedy, Thomas, of West Hanover, d. 
January, 1803, leaving a wife Jean, and chil- 
dren: Robert, Joseph, Mary, and Jean. 

Kerper, Frederick, of Londonderry, d. 
March, 1790, leaving a wife Margaret, and 
children : John, Nicholas, Jacob, Philip, 
Adam, Samuel, Catharine, m. Peter Becker, 
and Magdalena. 

Keiter, Peter, of Upper Paxtang, d. April, 
1801, leaving a wife Gertrude, and children: 
John, Peter, Gerhard, Benjamin, Margaret, 
m. Jacob Frack, Elizabeth, m. John Frey, 
Gertrude, m. Daniel Miller, Mary, Catha- 
rine, and Veronica. 

Koch, David, of Lower Paxtang, d. in No- 
vember, 1813. He left his estate to his 
mother, Eva Koch, and his sisters, as fol- 
lows: Magdalena, Jane, Catharine, and Eva. 

Kupper, John George, of Upper Paxtang, 
d. in April, 1780, leaving a wife Elizabeth, 
and children: Jacob, Elizabeth, Catharine, 
Anna Maria, Magdalena, and Adam. Ex- 
ecutors were Martin Weaver and John Mat- 

Laird, James, of Derry, d. in November, 
1731, leaving a wife Jean, and children : 
David and Mary. 

Laird, John, of Derry, d. in August, 1777, 

leaving a wife Agnes, and children : James, 
Hugh, John, Samuel, William, Elizabeth, m. 
Mathew McKinney, Mary, m. Andrew Rei- 
gart, and Jane. The executors were Hugh 
and James Laird. 

Laird, Agnes, dau. of Hugh Black and 
widow of John Laird, of Derry, d. March 
1779, leaving children : Hugh, Elizabeth, m. 
Matthew McKinney, Mary, m. Andrew Big- 
gar, James, John, Jean,m. Parkhill, 

Samuel, and William. Executors were James 
and John Laird. 

Lusk, James, of Paxtang, d. in May, 1768, 
leaving a wife and children : James, Patrick, 
William, Margaret, Martha, Elizabeth, Mary, 
Sarah, and Ann. 

Lusk, James, of Paxtang, d. May, 1778, 
leaving sisters Mary, m. John Bowman, 
Elizabeth, Sarah, Ann, and Margaret, and 
brother Patrick Lusk. 

LeRue, George, of Paxtang, d. in. Decem- 
ber, 1769, leaving brothers Isaac and Jonas 

LeRew, Peter, d. December, 1744, leaving 
a wife Elizabeth, and children : John, 
George, Esther, Mary, Elizabeth, Catharine, 
and Peter. Nathaniel Lightner and Joseph 
Ferree were the executors. 

Landis, John, d. July, 1756, leaving a wife 
Margaret, and son John. There were other 
children whose names are not given. 

Landis, Henry, d. September, 1760, leav- 
ing a wife Mary, and son Henry. Other 
children not named. 

Landis, Felix, of Derry, d. in April, 1770, 
leaving a wife Mary, naming sons Peter and 
Jacob. The writer of the will was twice 
married, and there were minor children 
whose names are not mentioned. 

Landis, John, d. in November, 1771, leav- 
ing a wife Anna, and children : Mary, m. 
Christian Graybill, Rebecca, m. Martin Bear, 
and Sarah, m. Michael Wenger ; grandchild 
Jacob Grider. 

Landis, Barbara, d. in March, 1776, leav- 
ing a brother Henry. Executors were Rudy 
and Daniel Bollinger. 

Loss, Jacob, of Hanover, d. December, 
1781, leaving a wife Anna Dorothea, and 
children : John, Jacob, and George. 

Low, James, of Hanover, d. in July, 1782, 
leaving a wife Isabella, and children : James, 
George, John, Margaret, m. John Willson, 
Mary, and Isabella. Executors were John 
French and David Ramsey. 

Lecron, Daniel, d. prior to 1770, leaving a 
wife Maria Margaret, and issue: John, Mat- 



thias, Andrew, Maria Susanna, Susanna, and 

Luther, Dr. John, of Harrisburg, d. Jan- 
uary, 1811, leaving children : Catharine, Cor- 
nelius, Martin, and John. 

Logan, John, of Londonderry, d. February, 
1788, leaving a wife Hannah, and children : 

Thomas, William, John, Margaret, m. 

Willson, Mary, m. Samuel McCleary. Ex- 
ecutors were William Duncan and William 

Middleton, William, of Paxtang, d. in Jan- 
uary, 1732, leaving a wife and children : 
John, William, Thomas, and George. 

Middleton, George, d. 1747, leaving a wife 
Mary, and children : Thomas, Robert, and 

McCallen, James, d. September, 1744, leav- 
ing a wife and children : John, James, Dolly, 
and Esther. 

McCallen, James, of Pennsboro, d. July, 
1747, leaving a wife Anna, and children : 
Alexander, William, James, and John. 

Mordah, John, d. in December, 1744, leav- 
ing a wife Agues, and children : James, 
Henry, and Eleanor. 

Murray, John, of Paxtang, d. in June, 
1745, leaving his estate to James Armstrong 
and Thomas Gallagher. 

Mays, James, d. August, 1745, leaving a 
wife Margaret, and children : Rebecca, Mar- 
garet, James, and Andrew. Executors were 
wife and brother Andrew. 

Means, Samuel, of Paxtang, d. in Febru- 
ary, 1746, leaving a wife Griselda, and chil- 
dren : Nellie, Margaret, Andrew, Jean, Isa- 
bella, .John, Mary, and Samuel. 

McMeen, William, of Pennsboro, d. in 
September, 1746, leaving a wife Jennie, and 
children : John, William, James, Thomas, 
andRachael. Executors were James Woods, 
George Wright, and John McCormick. 

Mitchell, James, d. October, 1746, leaving 
children : James, Alexander, Thomas, Will- 
iam, Jean, Rachel, Mary, and Margaret. 

Mitchell, David, d. November, 1757, leav- 
ing children : Samuel, Jean, Margaret, Sarah, 
Abraham, George, and David. 

Mitchell, David, of Londonderry, d. April, 
1786, leaving children : Thomas, who had 
Jean, Elizabeth, and David ; Jean, who had 
a son David ; a daughter m. James Mc- 
Cord, David, Elizabeth, Eleanor, a daughter 
m. Thome, who had a son David. 

McDowell, James, d. August, 1746, leav- 
ing a wife Mary, and children : John, Mar- 
garet, Mary, Jean, Elizabeth, Abigail, and 

Sarah. Executors were Andrew Morrison 
and John McDowell. 

Montgomery, Robert, of Paxtang, d. in 
October, 1748, leaving a wife Elizabeth, and 
children : John, Jean, m. .James Tolan; son- 
in-law George Clark, and grandchild Robert, 
son of John. 

McGee, John, of Derry, d. in 1748, leav- 
ing brothers and sisters: James, Elizabeth, 
Margaret, Jane, and Mary. 

McCleary, Andrew, d. in May, 1748, leav- 
ing a wife Isabella, and children : Samuel, 
Robert, and Hannah. Executors were Will- 
iam Maxwell and David Houston. 

McQuown, John, d. in July, 1748, leav- 
ing a wife Margaret, and children : Hugh, 
Thomas, John, Richard, Elizabeth, and Mar- 

McKinney, John, of Paxtang, d. in No- 
vember, 1749, leaving a wife Jean, and 
among other children, a son John; mother, 
Martha McKinne}' ; brother Henry, and 
brother-in-law Thomas Harris — the latter 
three being executors. 

McFarland, James, d. January, 1752, leav- 
ing a wife Margaret, and brothers John 
and Joseph. Executors were wife Margaret 
and brother-in-law William Greer. 

McFarland, Daniel, d. July, 1752, leaving 
a wife and children : William and Marga- 
ret ; grandson James Chestnut. 

McFarland, Walter, of Hanover, d. July, 
1790, leaving a wife Margaret, and children : 
John, dec'd, who left children, Margaret, m. 
McBride, Catharine m. John- 
ston, and had Walter, Mary m. Rid- 
dle, Walter, Rachel, m. 

Gibson, Ann, 
m. McCullough, and William ; grand- 
son James McFarland. 

McFarland, Mary, of Derry, widow of John, 
d. August, 1780, leaving children: Walter, 
John, Mary, m. James Laird. 

McCosh, John, of Derry, d. in November, 
1754, leaving a wife Jannet. Executors were 
wife and Robert and William Boyd. 

McCosh, Jannet, of Derry, d. in October, 
1757, leaving brothers William and John and 
Alexander Boyd. 

McAllister, Neal, of Derry, d. November, 

1757, leaving children : John, James, and 
Neal; grandchild Neal. 

McKnight, James, of Paxtang, d. in No- 
vember, 1753, leaving a wife Martha, and 
children: Francis, Samuel, and John. Ex- 
ecu tors were wife Marth a an d brother Will iam. 

McNeely, John, of Hanover, d. in October, 

1758, leaving a wife Martha, and child : 



Rachael, m. 

Gamble ; grandchil- 

dren John and Janet Gamble and Chrissa 

McKibben, Josepli, d. October, 1761, leav- 
ing a wife Elizabeth, and children: John, 
Joseph, James, and Elizabeth. 

McCord, William, d. March, 1761, leaving 
a child Martha, and sons-in-law George Alex- 
ander, Thomas McCord, John Means, and 
John Montgomery. Executors were Patrick 
Montgomery and George Alexander. 

Mcllhenny, Alexander, of Hanover, d. 
April, 1761, leaving children : Agnes, Mary, 
Elizabeth, and Ann. 

McKee, James, of Derry, d. October, 1762, 
leaving a wife Margaret, and children: 
Robert, James, and Samuel. Executors 
were Margaret and Robert McKee. 

Menelly, Martha, of Hanover, d. Novem- 
ber, 1762, leaving her estate to Robert and 
John Bell. 

Mays, Thomas, of Paxtang, d. July, 1764, 
leaving a wife Margaret, and children: 
Thomas, Margaret, Rebecca, Andrew, Will- 
iam, John, Mary, Dorcas, Samuel, and 
Matthew. Executors were wife Margaret and 
son Thomas. 

Maybane, John, Jr., of Derry, d. January, 
1765, leaving children: David and John, 
father John Maybane, father-in-law David 
Crawford, and brother William Maybane. 
The executors were John Maybane, Sr., and 
Andrew Roan. 

Maybane, John, of Derry, d. November, 

1769, leaving a wife Anna, and children : 
Robert, William, Elizabeth, m. Lind- 
say, Isabella, m. William Cusich, Jean, m. 

Leister, Mary, m . Wiley, Janet, 

m. Joseph White, and Anna, m. James Pat- 
terson ; grandchildren Margaret and Anna 
Patterson, and John and David Maybane, 
children of son John. 

Martin, Samuel, of Paxtang, d. in May, 

1770, leaving a wife Elizabeth, and children : 
John, James, Jean, Elizabeth, Samuel, and 
Joseph. Executors were John Gilchrist and 
Matthew Smith. 

Martin, Robert, of Hanover, d. October, 
1773, leaving a wife Jane, and children : Ann, 
Robert, Jean, and Margaret. Executors 
were wife and son Robert. 

Moore, Andrew, of Derry, d. October, 1767, 
leaving children: Elizabeth, Mary, m. Joseph 
Grain, John, and William ; grandsons An- 
drew, son of William, and William, son of 

Montgomery, Archibald, of Derry, d. De- 

cember, 1773, leaving children : Archibald 
and Mary ; sons-in-law Samuel Hanna and 
Robert Walker. Executor was Adam Woods. 

Montgomery, Robert, of Paxtang, d. Feb- 
ruary, 1776, leaving a wife Sarah, and chil- 
dren : Mary, John, Hugh, David, and Eliza- 
beth. Executors were wife Sarah, Hugh 
Montgomery, and John Gallagher. 

Mintzker, Ludwig, of Upper Paxtang, d. 
February, 1777, leaving a wife and chil- 
dren : John, George, Casper, Mary, and 
Ludwig; sons-in-law Peter Hashouer and 
Henry Albright. 

Maurer, Philip, of Hanover, d. May, 1779, 
leaving a wife Anna Catharine, and children : 
Simon, Margaret, Catharine, Anna, m. 
Christopher Brown, and George. 

Myer, John, of Paxtang, d. April, 1782, 
leaving a wife Christina, and children : 
John, Elizabeth, Abraham, Solomon, Michael, 
and Samuel. Executors were wife and son 

Minich, William, of Paxtang, d. April, 
1784, leaving wife Gertraut, and children : 
George and William. 

Minich, George, of Hanover, d. April, 
1784, leaving wife Catharine, and children : 
Simon, Catharine, m. Jacob Kreamer, Mar- 
garet, m. John Zimmerman, Susannah, m. 
Jacob Sechily, Elizabeth, in. Adam Weaver, 
Christina, Rosanna, and George. 

Mills, William, of Derry, d. November, 
1784, leaving a wife Susanna, and children : 
Mary, Rebecca, Phoebe, and Susanna. Ex- 
ecutors were Susanna Mills, Francis Wilkin- 
son, and John Mills. 

Minshall, Thomas, of Paxtang, d. Decem- 
ber, 1784, leaving wife Mary, and children : 
Hannah, Joshua, John, Robert, Thomas, 
Jean, and Elizabeth ; son-in-law William 

Maxwell, Robert, d. prior to March, 1761, 
for at that date his widow Catharine was the 
wife of James Porterfield. He left issue : 
James, Samuel, Robert, Margaret, Joseph, 
Thomas, Francis. 

McNeeley, Michael, of Hanover, d. Decem- 
ber, 1762, leaving wife Eleanor, and chil- 
dren : Margaret, Agnes, Margery, Eleanor, 
James, and Jean. Executors were wife and 
William Trousdale. 

McClure, David, d. in November, 1749, 
leaving a wife Margaret, and children: 
Elizabeth, Mary, Jane, William, Alexander, 
James, John, David, and Randal. Execu- 
tors were wife Margaret and son William. 

McClure, Thomas, of Hanover, d. April, 



1765, leaving a wife, and children: John, 
Martha, William, and Thomas. There were 
two other daughters. 

McClure, Mary, of Hanover, d. April, 1773, 
leaving children: John, William, Mary, 
Martha, Jean, and Thomas. Executors we're 
sons John and Thomas. 

McClure, Richard, of Paxtang, d. Novem- 
ber, 1774, leaving a wife Jean, and children : 
Alexander, John, Jonathan, William, An- 
drew, Roan, Margaret, m. John Steel, Mary, 
m. Joseph Shearer, Catharine, m. Robert 
Fruit, Jean, m. Joshua Russell, Susannah, 
m. Hamilton Shaw, and David. Executors 
were sons Jonathan and Andrew. 

McClure, Thomas, of Hanover, d. January, 
1778, leaving a wife Mary, and children : 
William, Thomas, and four daughters. 
Executors were William McClure and 
Thomas Finney. 

McClure, William, of Paxtang, d. April, 
1785, leaving a wife and children : Robert, 
Rebecca, Mary, Sarah, Margaret, and Jean. 
The executors were brother Jonathan Mc- 
Clure, son Robert, and son-in-law Samuel 

Montgomery, Sarah, of Paxtang, d. Novem- 
ber, 1784, leaving children : William, Mary, 
Elizabeth, David, and Hugh ; grandchild 
Mary Gallagher. Executors were Hugh and 
David Montgomery. 

McKnight, Joseph, d. March, 1767, leaving 
children : Bernard, Joseph, William, Mar- 
tha, Jean, and Mary. Executors were Hugh 
Ray and John Rogers. 

McAllister, Rose, late of North Carolina, 
d. in February, 1770, leaving children : 
Jean, Grisel, Elizabeth, and Joseph ; and 
step-daughter Mary McAllister. Executors 
were James McAllister and John Walker. 

McQueen, John, of Derry, d. prior to 1750. 
His children were : David, d. prior and left 
issue; Jane, m. John Bayley, of Donegal ; 
Mary, m. James Anderson, of Donegal ; Jo- 
siah, and Robert. 

McQueen, John, of Derry, d. November, 
1770, leaving children : John, Josias, Abra- 
ham, Rachael, Margaret, and Sarah. 

McQuown, Richard, d. November, 1778. 
leaving a wife Jean, and children, not 
named. Executors were Jean and John Mc- 

McFadden, James, d. March, 1775, leaving 
a wife Elizabeth, and child Mary. Execu- 
tors were Thomas Rutherford and Thomas 

McMullen, William, of Paxtang, d. in 

March, 1782, leaving children : Jean, Sarah, 
Margaret, Eleanor, Mary, William, and 
James. Executors were sons William and 

McCormick, John, of Hanover, d. Decem- 
ber, 1784, leaving a wife Mary, and children : 
Margaret, Sarah, Henry, Jane, and John. 
Executors were Robert Moody and James 

McCormick, William, of Hanover, d. March, 
1809, leaving estate to his brothers Henry 
and David, and sisters Isabella and Mary, 
m. David Ritchey, and sister-in-law Jean 

McArthur, Thomas, of Paxtang, d. Jan- 
uary, 1785, leaving children : Catharine, 

Barbara, Mary, m. Peacock, and 

Thomas; grandchildren Thomas Peacock, 
Margaret and Rebecca Kyle. 

Moore, William, of Paxtang, d. June, 1776, 
leaving a wife Agnes. The legatees were 
William Gray and others. 

Martin, Robert, of Hanover, d. April, 1777, 
leaving mother Jean, and sisters Jean and 
Margaret. Executors were James Wilson 
and Isaac Hanna. 

Moore, Agnes, of Paxtang, d. October, 

1784, leaving her estate to her brother John 

McEwen, John, of Hanover, d. April, 1791, 
leaving a wife Eleanor, and children : Mar- 
garet, m. Samuel Ainsworth, Mary, Eliza- 
beth, Jean, m. William Sturgeon, Eleanor, 
m. Joseph Allen, John, James, Richard, and 

Metzgar, Jacob, of Derry, d. July, 1786, 
leaving children : Jacob, Jr., Margaret, Eve, 
Barbara, and Susannah. 

McCullough, Archibald, of West Hanover, 
d. prior to 1792, leaving a wife Agnes, and 
issue : Archibald, John, and William. 

Miller, Thomas, of Paxtang, d. November, 

1785, leaving a wife Jean, and children : 
George, Mary, John, Thomas, and Margaret. 
Executors were wife, son George, and Will- 
iam Grain. 

Miller, Daniel, of Londonderry, d. No- 
vember, 1801, leaving a wife Susannah, d. 
January, 1811, and children: Peter, Daniel, 
Susannah, m. Frederick Hoover, Mary, and 

Miller, William, of Upper Paxtang, d. 
January, 1802, leaving a wife Catharine, and 
children : William, Barbara, and Catharine. 

Miller, Jacob, of Middle Paxtang, d. prior 
to 1801, leaving a wife Susanna, and issue : 
Jacob, m. Margaret , Daniel, m. Gert- 



root [Gertrude] , John, Adam, m. 

Mary — • , resided in Harrisburg, Susanna, 

m. Harvey Creek, Margaret, m. Joseph Cog- 
ley, Elizabeth, m. Philip Ettinger. 

Miller, Jacob, of Derry, d. January, 1802, 
leaving a wife Christian, and children : Sam- 
uel, John, Elizabeth, and Ann. Executors 
were Christian Kaufman and Capt. William 

Matter, John, Jr., son of Michael Matter, 
of Upper Paxtang township, d. in February, 
1816, leaving a wife Anna Mary, and chil- 
dren as follows: Simon, Anna" Mary, and 

Moorhead, William, d. 1817, leaving a 
wife Elizabeth, and children : Eliza, Adaline, 
James Kennedy, William G., Joel B., and 
Henry C. 

McCall, James, of Upper Paxtang, d. Jan- 
uary, 1788, leaving a wife Mary, and chil- 
dren: Robert, James Plunket, Lydia, Ann 
Jane, and Margaret. 

McCallen, Robert, of Londonderry, d. Sep- 
tember, 1800, leaving his estate to his 
nephews and nieces, as follows: William, 
Margaret, John, Andrew, and Jean Huston ; 
James, Margaret, John, Robert, and Paul 
Geddis; John, Sarah, Jean, Thomas, and 
Mary McCallen ; Robert, Isabella, John, and 
Thomas Donaldson. 

Motter, John, of Upper Paxtang, d. May, 

1802, leaving a wife Salome, and children : 
John, Michael, Jacob, George, Adam, Anna. 
Maria, and Christian. 

Meek, Nicholas, of Harrisburg, d. April, 

1803, leaving a wife Catharine, and children : 
Philip, who had sons George, John, and 
Jacob ; John, Jacob, Henry, Mary, m. Henry 

Meyrick, Samuel, " Doctor of Physick," 
of Middletown, d. June, 1811. He directed 
his wife and son to continue " the apothe- 
cary shop." The children were: Samuel, 
Ruth, and Esther. , 

Neffer, Henry, of Derry, d. March, 1787, 
leaving a wife Catharine, and children : 
Christian, who had sons Henry, Christian, 
and Peter; Ann, Elizabeth, Catharine, Juli- 
ana, and Christine. Executors were sons-in- 
law Martin Stahl, of Derry, and Peter 
Blosser, of Donegal. 

Neal, John, of Paxtang, d. October, 1791, 
leaving a wife Margaret, arid children : 

Margaret, m. Cochran, James, John, 

Jean, m. Clark, Eleanor, m. 

Simpson, William had son John, Agnes, m. 

Fleming and had son James, Robert 

had son John. 

Null, George, of Derry, d. October, 1771, 
leaving a wife Catharine, and children : 
George, Mary, Christian, Catharine, John, 
and Elizabeth. Executors were wife and 
son George. 

Ney, Adam, of Derry, d. in February, 
1783, leaving a wife Veronica and children : 
Peter, John, William, Nicholas, Elizabeth, 
and Michael. Executors were sons William 
and Peter. 

Nafziger, Jacob, of Londonderry, d. Sep- 
tember, 1782, leaving a wife Anna, and chil- 
dren : Christian, Barbara, Jacob, and Joseph. 

O'Neill, Charles, of Paxtang, d. in Sep- 
tember, 1770, leaving children : William, 
Elizabeth, and Prudence. The executors 
were Alexander Johnson, William McClure, 
and John Barnet. 

Ober, Peter, of Londonderry, d. March, 
1801, leaving wife Frany, who was a daugh- 
ter of Joseph Forney, and children : John, 
Elizabeth, Marv, Catharine, Barbara, and 

Porterfield, Robert, of Hanover, d. April, 
1785, leaving a wife Ann, and children : 
Robert, and a daughter m. David Work, 
who had children : John and Ruth. He 
mentions granddaughter Grizzle Porter- 

Porter, James, Sr., of West Hanover, d. 
May, 1788, leaving a wife Jean, and chil- 
dren : Grizel, m.. McCormick, Isabel, 

David, Jam&, Robert, and Joshua. Execu- 
tors were Robert Moody and James Will- 

Patterson, William, of Paxtang, d. Octo- 
ber, 1745, leaving children : Samuel^ Francis, 
Anna, Catrine, Jean, and Mary. Executors 
were Robert Taylor and Robert Baker. 

Patterson, Samuel, d. November, 1772, 
leaving a wife Mary, and children : James, 
Martha, Mary, Elizabeth, and Isabella. Ex- 
ecutors were wife Mary and William Patter- 

Powell, John, of Paxtang, d. November, 
1748, leaving a wife Margaret, and besides 
other children, a daughter Nancy. Execu- 
tors were wife Margaret and Thomas McKee 
and John Allison. 

Preece, Thomas, of Derry, d. 1759, leaving 
a wife Mary, and children: Johanna, Thomas, 
Joseph, David, Richard, Hannah, Mary, and 
Elizabeth. Executors were wife and son 

Preece, David, of Hanover, d. November, 



1774, leaving a wife Dorothea, and children: 
Elizabeth and Anna. 

Poh, Wendel, d. February, 1768, leaving a 
daughter, m. — ; Haldeman, and a daugh- 
ter, m. Christian Shaub ; grandchildren 
Jacob, Christian, and Adam Haldeman. Ex- 
ecutors were wife Mary and Christian Shaub. 
Potts, Robert, of Paxtang, d. October, 1769, 
leaving a wife Sarah, and children : Rachael, 
Peggy, Jean, and Ann ; and sister Jean. Ex- 
ecutor was wife Sarah. 

Poorman, Stephen, of Paxtang, d. April, 
1782, leaving a wife Ann, and children : 
Chrisly, John, Stephen, Barbara, m. Elias 
Neglee, Mary, m. John Roop, Addy, m. Jacob 
Roop, Freny, m. Christly Stouffer, Ann, m. 
Henry Landis, and Elizabeth, ra. Michael 
Poorman. Executors were Conrad Wolfly 
and Jacob Roop. 

Poorman, Jacob, of Paxtang, d. January, 
1784, leaving a wife Mary, and children, not 

Pettigrew, David, of Hanover, d. in July, 
1784, leaving a wife Elizabeth, and children: 
John, James, Rosa, Margaret, Catharine, and 

Patton, David, Sr., of Paxtang, d. Septem- 
ber, 1784, leaving a wife Rebecca, and chil- 
dren : David, John, Elizabeth, Rebecca, Jane, 
Joseph, and Sarah, m. John Hatfield. Ex- 
ecutor was son David. 

Reid, Thomas, d. July, 1734, leaving a wife 
Mary, and children : John, Nathan, Eleanor, 
Alexander, Thomas, Mary, and James. Ex- 
ecutors were wife and son John. 

Read, Adam, of Hanover, d. January, 1769, 
leaving a wife Mary and children : Eleanor, 
m. Robert Whitehill, and Mary, m. John 

Reed, John, of Upper Paxtang, d. April, 
1777, leaving a wife Margaret, and children, 
names not mentioned. 

Rodgers, Robert, of Hanover, died Novem- 
ber, 1745, leaving a wife Elizabeth, and 
brothers George, Hugh, and Joseph Rodgers. 
Executors were John Harris and Robert 

Rodgers, Seth, of Hanover, d. May, 1758, 
leaving a wife Katharine, and brothers 
Hugh and George. Executors were wife 
Katharine and brother Hugh. 

Riddel, John, of Hanover, d. in 1747, 
leaving a wife Sarah, father James, brother 
James, and sister Katharine. Executors were 
father and brother James. 

Robinson, Thomas, of Paxtang, d. August, 
1758, leaving a wife and a number of chil- 

dren, names not mentioned. Executors were 
James McKnight and Mathew Saylor. 

Robinson, Richard, d. February, 1768, leav- 
ing a wife Isabella, and children : Richard, 
James, John, Thomas, and Eleanor. Execu- 
tor was James Robinson. 

Robinson, Philip, d. May, 1770, leaving 
children: Samuel, Thomas, George, Agnes, 
and Sarah. Executors were Thomas and 
Samuel Robinson. 

Robinson, Thomas, of Hanover, d. Decem- 
ber, 1780, leaving wife Jean, and brothers 
Samuel and George Robinson. Executors 
were William Thome and James McCreight. 

Riddle, Tristram, of Hanover, d. 1759, leav- 
ing his estate to his father James Riddle, and 
brother James Riddle, Jr. Executors were 
William Young and Walter McFarlin. 

Riddle, James, of Hanover, d. August, 
1763, leaving a wife Janet, and children : 
James and Catharine, son-in-law Joseph 
Allen, grandson William Young. Execu- 
tors were Robert Wallace and Hugh Wilson. 

Russell, James, of Derry, d. June, 1761, 
leaving a wife Jean, and daughter Mary, 
brother .James and sister Mary Ann Russell. 

Russell, Jean, of Derry, d. May, 1766, leav- 
ing a child : Mary, m. Oliver Ramsey. 

Rumberger, Christian, of Hanover, d. Jan., 
1776, leaving a wife Elizabeth, and chil- 
dren : George and Mary, m. Christopher Ryn- 
wine. Executors were Michael Brown and 
Adam Weiss. 

Roan, John, of Londonderry, d. February, 

1776, leaving wife Annie, and children : 
Flavel, Jean, Elizabeth, and Mary. Execu- 
tors were wife Anne, Robert Robinson, and 
Joseph Boyd. 

Rennick, Thomas, of Paxtang, d. April, 

1777, leaving a wife Jean, and children : 
Mary, Jean, John, Margaret, and Ann. 

Rennick, John, of Paxtang, d. May, 1782, 
leaving children: Mary, Jean, John, Mar- 
garet, and Ann. Executor was John Will- 

Rutherford, Thomas, of Paxtang, d. May, 
1777, leaving a wife Jean, and children : 
John, James, Samuel, Nell, Jean, Agnes, 
Mary, and Elizabeth ; son-in-law Andrew 
Mays. Executors were John and Samuel 

Robertson, James, of Hanover, d. in 
March, 1792, leaving a wife Margaret, and 
children : Robert, James, daughter, m. Alex- 
ander McGee and had a son James, Hugh, 
William, Jean, Rebecca, m. William Moffittj 
John, Mary, and Elizabeth. Executors were 



wife and son Robert, and brother-in-law 
Robert Moody. 

Reel, Philip, of Paxtang, d. July, 1812, 
leaving a wife Catharine, and children as, 
follows: Peter, Mary, Jacob, Sarah, Catha- 
rine, and Benjamin. 

Stewart, George, of Donegal, d. January, 
1732, leaving a wife Jean, and children : 
Francis, Elizabeth, m. Samuel Fulton, John, 
and Mary. Executors were wife and son 

Stewart, William, d. May, 1748, leaving a 
wife Mary, daughter Isabel, and son Thomas. 
Executors were wife Mary and Thomas 

Stewart, John, of Donegal, d. 1749, leav- 
ing a wife Ann, and children : George, Suit, 
and Jean. Executors were wife and James 

Stewart, Rebecca, of Donegal, d. January, 
1749, leaving children : Charles, Robert, 
William, and Frances. Executors were John 
Galbraith and James Kerr. 

Stewart, Andrew, of Paxtang, d. July, 
1774, leaving a wife Mary, and children : 
James, John, Mary, Elizabeth, Charles, and 
Andrew. Executors were James and An- 
drew Stewart and Dr. Thomas Wiggins. 

Stewart, John, of Hanover, d. April, 1777, 
leaving a wife Jennet, and children : Anna, 

m. Smiley, Sarah, Jean, m. John Mc- 

Callen, Margaret, Mary, m. Johnson, 

James, John, and Samuel. 

Stewart, James, of Hanover, d. November, 
1783, leaving a wife Margaret, and children : 
Charles, Lazarus, and James ; grandchil- 
dren Lazarus Stewart, son of Lazarus, and 
William Campbell. 

Stewart, Frances, widow, of Hanover, d. 
November, 1790, leaving children: William, 
who had a daughter Frances, Lazarus, who 
had a daughter Frances, John, Mary, m. 

George Espy and had Mary, Jean, m. 

Armstrong, George, and James. 

Snoddy, William, of Derry, d. May, 1735, 
leaving a wife, and a number of children. 
Executors were John McQuown and James 

Snoddy, John, of Derry, d. May, 1736, 
leavinganumber of children. Executor was 
John McQuown. 

Snoddy, Jane, of Hanover, d. November, 
1746, leaving daughter Isabella, and step- 
daughter Margaret Snoddy. Executor was 
John McQuown. 

Snoddy, Matthew, d. August, 1780, leaving 
a wife Mabel, and children : John, Mary, Isa- 

bella, Matthew, William, Elizabeth, and 
Mabel. Executors were wife and son John. 

Simpson, John, of Fishing Creek, d. Sep- 
tember, 1738, leaving his estate to Thomas 

Simpson, Thomas, of Paxtang, d. May 
1761, leaving a wife and children: John, 
Thomas, Michael, Rebecca, William, Samuel, 
Joseph, and Edward. Executors were wife 
and son John. 

Simpson, Thomas, of Paxtang, d. Novem- 
ber, 1772, leaving a wife Jean, and children : 
Samuel, Thomas, Nathaniel, and Sarah, m. 

Forster, and son-in-law William 

Harper, living in Ireland. 

Simpson, Thomas, of Paxtang, d. Febru- 
ary, 1777, leaving a wife Mary, and children : 
Michael and Thomas. Executors were Mar- 
garet and Michael Simpson and John Elder. 

Simons, Michael, of Hanover, d. in May, 
1775, leaving a wife Margaret, and children: 
Peter, John, Mary, m. Thomas Hears, Eliza- 
beth, m. William Weirick, a daughter m. 
Henry Fensler, and Catharine, m. Peter 

Sawyer, William, of Londonderry, d. in 
October, 1784, leaving his estate to his " dear 
auld woman Sophia," and children : William, 
Benjamin, John, and Hannah. 

Steckley, Christian, of Derry, d. in Octo- 
ber, 1767, leaving a wife Catharine and 
children : John, Barbara, Chrisly, Abraham, 
Mary, and Catharine. The executors were 
Jacob and .John Lehman, of Derry. 

Sloan, John, d. in September, 1741, leaving 
a wife Jean, and children : James, Robert, 
William, John, Sarah, and Agnes. Execu- 
tors were James Walker and George Espy. 

Sloan, Samuel, d. September, 1777, leaving 
brothers John, James, Archibald and Will- 
iam ; sisters Mary, ra. James Michaels, and 
Elizabeth ; nephew Archibald Sloan, son of 
John, and niece Elizabeth, daughter of 
William. Executors were Archibald Sloan, 
David Allen and John Campbell. 

Sloan, James, of Hanover, d. December, 
1775, leaving a wife Mary, and children: 
William, James, and Mary; son-in-law Peter 
Hastings. Executors were William and 
James Sloan. 

Swan, James, of Hanover, d. December, 
1741, leaving a wife Mary, and children : 
James, Alexander, Margaret, and Jane. Ex- 
ecutors were Alexander and Mary. 

Swan, Alexander, of Hanover, d. Febru- 
ary, 1778, leaving a wife Margaret, and be- 
sides other children : Samuel, Alexander, 




and Jean. Executors were Joseph Barnet 
and John Gilchrist. 

Swan, William, of Paxtang, d. October, 
1782, leaving a wife Martha, and children : 
Margaret, Sarah, and Moses, and brother 
Richard. Executors were Richard Swan 
and John Wilson. 

Steele, Thomas, of Hanover, d. March, 
1746, leaving a wife Agnes, and son David. 
Executors were Richard McClure, John 
Steeass, and Agnes Steele. 

Sterrett, John, d. April, 1748, leaving a 
wife Martha, and children: James, Joseph, 
Mary, Ann, Rebecca, Elizabeth, ra. Edward 
Crawford, Martha, m. Joseph Wilson, and 
Sarah, m. Abraham Lowrey. 

Sterrett, Martha, d. April, 1754, leaving 
children : Anne, Rebecca, James, and Joseph ; 
grandchild John, son of James. Executors 
were Andrew Work and Andrew Sterrett. 

Sterrett, Samuel, of Hanover, d. March, 

1776, leaving a wife Margaret, and children : 
Alexander, Benjamin, Samuel, Elizabeth, 
John, and William; sonsin-law Moses Shaw 
and William Hall; granddaughter Sarah 
Shaw, child of Moses. Executors were John 
and William Sterrett. 

Sterrett, Robert, of Paxtang, d. March, 

1777, leaving a wife Mary, and children : 

Agnes, m. Hanna, Mary, m. John 

Bowman, William, James, David, and Rob- 
ert; grandchildren James and Robert Ster- 
rett and Mary Bowman, daughter of Mary. 

Semple, Hugh, d. May, 1749, leaving a 
wife, and brother-in-law James Graham. 
Executors were William Cunningham and 
John McClure. 

Semple, James, of Derry, d. October, 1758, 
leaving a wife Ann, and children : John, 
Isabella, Sarah, and Ann ; son-in-law James 
Henry. Executors were wife Ann and 
brother Robert. 

Semple, John, d. January, 1758, leaving a 
wife Hannah, and children: Robert Mc- 
Coses, William, and James. 

Smith, Robert, of Paxtang, d. March, 1757, 
leaving a wife Mary, and children : Matthew, 

m. Agnes , Rebecca, Robert, b. 1747, 

and David, b. 1749. 

Smith, James, of Paxtang, d. September, 
1775, leaving a wife Mary, and children: 

John, James, Williams, m. Mary and 

had Thomas, who was a surveyor, Robert, 
Samuel, Agnes, Joseph,- and Mary. In the 
will he speaks of his " brother John Gate, of 
Neelytown, in the county of Ulster, New 

Strain, John, d. August, 1752, leaving a 
wife Mary, and children : David, William, 
Gilbert, John, Mary, and Robert. Executors 
were James Dixon and William Watson. 
Granddaughter Elizabeth Strain. 

Strain, Robert, of Hanover, d. September, 
1753, leaving brothers John, David, William, 
and Gilbert; sister Mary Thompson. Ex- 
ecutors were James Dixon and William 

Strain, Thomas, of Hanover, d. February, 
1780, leaving a wife Hannah, and children : 

Sarah, m. Edwards, John, and 

Thomas ; sons-in-law James Miliken and 
William Thompson ; granddaughter Mar- 
garet Miliken. Executors were sons John 
and Thomas. 

Strain, David, of Hanover, d. September, 
1783, leaving a wife Elizabeth, and chil- 
dren : John, Alexander, and William ; sons- • 
in-law James McCreight and John Wilson. • 

Snodgrass, James, d. May, 1750, leaving a 
wife, and children : William, James, Ann, 
Sarah, Elizabeth, and Mary. Executors 
were Andrew Caldwell and John Snodgrass. 

Snodgrass, Alexander, d. May, 1750, leav- 
ing a wife, and children : William, James, 
and Robert. Executors were John Caldwell 
and Patrick Johnson. 

Snodgrass, Robert, of Hanover, d. March, 
1777, leaving children: Joseph, James, 
Elizabeth, Margaret, Mary, Susannah, and 
Isabella. Executors were George Sanderson 
and John Snodgrass. 

Smith, John, of Paxtang, d. May, 1777, 
leaving children: Robert, Andrew, Marga- 
ret, and Rebecca. Executors were Matthew 
and Andrew Smith. 

Smith, Jacob, of West Hanover, d. July, 
1815, leaving a wife Margaret, and children : 

Elizabeth, m. Ziegler, Hannah, m. 

Henry Balsbaugh, Abraham, David, Daniel, 
Jacob, deceased, and John, deceased, leaving 
a son Samuel. 

Sharp, Thomas, d. January, 1758, leaving 
a wife Ketrine, and children : John, Ann, 
Sarah, Thomas, and Mary. Executors were 
Philip Robinson and John Sharp. 

Sharp, Edward, of Paxtang, d. October, 
1765, leaving a wife Sarah, and children: 
Henry, Edward, and Eleanor. Executors 
were William Sharp and Michael Graham. 

Sharp, Dietrick, of Paxtang, d. April, 
1765, leaving a wife Margaret, and children: 
Sophia and Eva. Executors were Jacob 
Loeser and John Backenstoes. 

Stehley, Christian, of Derry, d. October, 



1767, leaving a wife Catharine, and children : 
John, Barbara, Chrisley, Mary, Abraham, 
and Catharine. 

Stehley, John, d. October, 1776, leaving a 
wife Elizabeth, and children : John, Eliza- 
beth, Martin, Christian, Mary, and Jacob. 
Executor was wife Elizabeth. 

Stouffer, Jacob, of Derry, d. February, 

1768, leaving a wife Magdalena, and chil- 
dren : Christian, Anna, Mary, and Eva. Ex- 
ecutors were Ulrich Burkholder and Yost 

Steele, William, of Paxtang, d. July, 1769, 
leaving children : John, Samuel, Agnes, m. 
John Boggs, Elizabeth, m. Thomas McNutt, 
David, Mary, Jean, and William ; grand- 
children William McNutt and William 

Stephen, Andrew, of Paxtang, d. Febru- 
ary, 1770, leaving a wife Ann, and children: 
Hugh, Ann, Andrew, and Hezekiah. Ex- 
ecutors were wife, John Gilchrist, and John 

Symons, Nicholas, of Hanover, d. May, 

1775, leaving wife Margaret, and children : 
Peter, John, and Elizabeth, m. William 
Warick; son-in-law Henry Fensler. Ex- 
ecutors were Peter Hedrick and Abraham 

Schweigert, Peter, of Upper Paxtang, d. 
August, 1775, leaving a wife Christina, and 
children : Peter, John, Adam, Andrew, Jonas, 
Elizabeth, and Ann. Executors were Peter 
Schweigert and Valentine Branch. 

Sherer, Joseph, of Paxtang, d. November, 

1776, leaving a wife Mary, and children : 
Samuel, John, William, Catharine, Mary, m. 
Samuel Cochran, Jean, Richard, and Joseph. 

Sturgeon, Samuel, d. March, 1750, leaving 
children : Thomas, Jean, and Sarah. Ex- 
ecutors were James Armstrong and Thomas 

Sturgeon, Samuel, Sr., of West Hanover, 
d. October, 1801, leaving a wife Margaret, 
and children : William, Jeremiah, James, 
Samuel, Andrew, Martha, John, and Allen. 

Sturgeon, Jean, widow of Robert, d. Febru- 
ary, 1809, leaving children : Jean, Effie, Jere- 
miah, who had Jean, Thomas, who had Jean, 
Timothy, who had Jean and Samuel. 

Snyder, Leonard, of Upper Paxtang, d. 
October, 1801, leaving children : Leonard, 
Nicholas, Catharine, Jacob, Christopher, and 

Snyder, John, of Hanover, d. July, 1791, 
leaving a wife Veronica, and children : John, 
Christian, Abraham, Barbara, and Peter. 

Snug, Christian, of Upper Paxtang, d. 
February, 1786, leaving a wife Catharine, 
and children : Catharine, m. John Nicholas 
Baer, Elizabeth, Eva, Catharine, m. Christo- 
pher Yeager, Margaret, Ann, Mary, Char- 
lotta, Susannah, Margaret, m. John Yeager, 
Christine, Christian, Philip, Magdalena, and 
John. Executors were John Motter, Sr., and 
Leonard Snyder. 

Sawyer, Sophia, widow of William Sawyer, 
d. September, 1788, leaving children : John, 
Sophia, Hannah, m. John Logan, Benjamin, 
a daughter m. William Duncan and had 
William, William and daughter Mary, 
Thomas and son William. 

Sawyer, William, of Derry, d. in October, 
1784, leaving a wife Sophia, and children : 
John, Hannah, William, and Benjamin. 
Executors were William and Benjamin Saw- 

Sawyer, Benjamin, of Londonderry, d. 
January, 1792, leaving a wife Margaret, and 
children : Thomas, William, James, and 

Singer, Simon, d. in 1763, leaving a wife 
Elizabeth, who afterwards married Henry 
Eby, and children : John, Simon, Barbara, 
Elizabeth, Jacob, Catharine, Henry, Anna, 
and Mary. 

Singer, John, of Derry, d. May, 1790, leav- 
ing a wife Barbara, and among other chil- 
dren : Conrad and David. 

Singer, Jacob, of Derry, d. November, 1800, 
leaving a wife Franey, and children : Jacob, 
Daniel, Anna, and Ephraim. 

Shope, Bernard, of Paxtang township, d. 
August, 1813, leaving children: Barbara, 
m. Henry Michael, Julianna, m. George Sil- 
sel, Jacob, Margaret, Mary, Christiana, Mag- 
dalena, Adam, Bernhart, and Eve, deceased. 

Shearer, Michael, of Paxtang, d. January, 

1777, leaving a wife Ann, and son Daniel. 
Shaw, Daniel, of Hanover, d. in March, 

1778, leaving a wife Phebe, and chil^^-en : 
Samuel, Jean, m. William Haggerty, and 
Robert. Executors were Joseph Brown and 
William Hutchison. 

Shaw, Samuel, of Hanover, d. in Novem- 
ber, 1778, leaving a brother Robert and sis- 
ter Jean, m. William Haggerty. 

Shaw, Alexander, of Paxtang, d. in De- 
cember, 1785, leaving his estate to James 
Monteith. Executor- was Samuel Lyon. 

Scott, Patrick, of Paxtang, d. in June, 
1782, leaving a wife Ann, and children ; 
Robert, Jane, m. Flannigan ; and 



grandchildren Alexander, Samuel, and 
Violet Jackson. 

Stoner, Catharine, of Paxtang, d. June, 

1785, leaving children: Susanna, m. 

Gowen, and John ; grandchild Catharine 

Tait, William, of Derry, d. 1749, leaving 
a wife Rebecca, and children: Mary, m. 
Robert Stratford, and Robert ; grandchildren 
Mary and Margaret Tait, children of Robert. 
Executors were wife Rebecca and Alexander 

Teas, John, of Hanover, d. May, 1752, 
leaving a wife Martha, and children : Mary 
and Thomas. Executors were wife Martha 
and James Karris. 

Taylor, Robert, owned the farm at Pine 
Ford, in Derry .township. In 1762 his widow 
was the wife of Charles McCormick. The 
farm of 150 acres was purchased by the 
eldest son for £270. The children of Robert 
Taylor then living were : Henry, Catharine, 
m. John Sterling, William, Robert, Matthew, 
Jane, John, Elizabeth and Ann. The son 
of John was then a minor, and John Laird 
was appointed guardian of his estate. 

Taylor, David, of Derry, d. November, 
1761, leaving a wife Agnes, and children : 
John, Mary, Esther, Agnes, and Janet. Ex- 
ecutors were wife Agnes, and John and Pat- 
rick Hays. 

Todd, Hugh, of Hanover, d. 1772. Records 
of will missing. 

Todd, James, of Hanover, d. November, 
1783, leaving a wife Mary, and children : 
John, James, David, and Isabella, m. John 

Thompson, John, of Hanover, d. Septem- 
ber, 1778, leaving children : William, Jean, 
m. John Robinson, Jolin, and Andrew. 

Trousdale, William, of Hanover, d. April, 

1785, leaving a wife Elizabeth, and children : 
Jean and Henry; also brothers Thomas 
and John Trousdale. 

Thornton, Matthew, of Hanover, d. April, 

1786, leaving a wife Agnes, and children : 

Mary, Nancy, m. Jamison, and had 

Matthew, William, Martha, m. Thomp- 
son and had Agnes, Margaret m. 


Tifebaugh [Diffenbaugh], George, of Pax- 
tang, d. November, 1788, leaving a wife, 
Mary, and children : Elizabeth, m. John 

Shoop, Catharine, m. Moore, George, 

Mary, Adam, John, Jennie, and Daniel. 
Executors were wife,son George, and brother 

Templeton, Robert, of Hanover, d. Octo- 
ber, 1789, leaving a wife Agnes, who d. Feb- 
ruary, 1790. Their children were : Jean, m. 
Robert Henry, Mary, m. Charles McCoy, 
Ruth, m. John Johnson, John, Agnes, m. 
Samuel Stewart and had Agnea and Mary, 
Sarah, m. William Clark, Barbara, m. Henry 
McCormick, Susannah, m. James Hathorn, 
Hannah, m. Duncan Sinclair, and Robert, 
who had William and Richard. 

Vance, Moses, of Paxtang, d. April, 1786, 
leaving a wife Anna, and children : William, 
Adam, Jane, m. Edward Ashcraft, Elizabeth, 
and Sarah. Executors were wife and son 

Vance, John, of Hanover, d. July, 1734, 
leaving a wife Mary, and children: Hugh, 
George, and Jean. Executor was Jared 

Van Lear, Christopher, of Derry, d. Au- 
gust, 1750, leaving children : John, William, 
James, Mary, Michael, and Christopher. 

Van Lear, Michael, of West Hanover, d. 
April, 1801, leaving a wife Mary, and chil- 
dren: John, Agnes, m. John Thompson, and 

Wilson, John, of Paxtang, d. Sej)tember, 

1738, leaving his estate to his father Alex- 
ander and brother Joseph Wilson. 

Wilson, David, of Hanover, d. August, 

1739, leaving a wife Rebecca. 

Wilson, George, of Paxtang, d. 1750, leav- 
ing a brother John Wilson and sister Eliza- 
beth Wilson, m. Thomas Lennox. 

Wilson, John, of Paxtang, d. May, 1762, 
leaving a wife Martha, and children : John, 
Sarah, William, Martha, and Jean. His 
wife and brother Joseph Wilson were execu- 

Wilson, David, d. in March, 1766, leaving 
a wife Margaret, and children : Samuel, 
Robert, and Elizabeth, m. Samuel Woods 
and had Nathan. 

Wilson, Moses, of Derry, d. February, 1781, 
leaving children: John, Catharine, Mary, 
Martha, Susannah, and James; grandchil- 
dren Moses ftnd William Wilson, Jane Kear, 
and Elizabeth Wilson. 

White, John, of Hanover, d. March, 1740, 
leaving a wife Barbara, and children : Alex- 
ander, Thomas, and Anna. Executors were 
John Brandon and James Sturgeon. 

White, Josiah, of Hanover, d. July, 1753, 
leaving a wife Agnes, and children: Josiah, 
Benjamin, Samuel, John, James, Daniel, 
and Isabella. Executors were John Bar- 
nett and Josiah White. 



White, William, of Derry, d. July, 1783, 
leaving a sister Mary, m. Thomas Mont- 
gomery, and nephew Thomas White. Ex- 
ecutors were James Scott and John White. 

Watson, William, of Hanover, d. in Octo- 
ber, 1770, leaving a wife Sarah, and chil- 
dren : Samuel, William, liugh, David, Pat- 
rick, a daughter m. . Alexander Kennedy, 
Sarah, Eleanor, Mary, Martha, Ann, and 

Welsh, James, of Paxtaug, d. April, 1754, 
leaving a wife Mary and children : John, 
Thomas, James, Robert, Joseph, Jean, Isa- 
belle, and Mary. Executors were wife and 
SO" John. 

Welsh, James, of Derry, d. September, 
1769, leaving a wife Jane, and children : 

Elizabeth, m. -; McConnell, Mary, m. 

— , Anna, Margaret, Martha, and 


Woods, Adam, of Hanover, d. August, 
1756, leaving a wife Sarah, and children : 

Andrew, John, Margaret, m. — ^ Patton, 

Janet, m. — r Calhouri, Jiles, m. 

— Cochran, and 

McAllister, Sarah, m. 

Martha, m. James McClenaghan. 

Woods, Andrew, of Hanover, d. April. 
1769, leaving a wife Jean, and brother John. 
Executors were wife and brother John. 

Woods, John, of Hanover, d. December, 
1769, leaving a wife Mary, and children : 
George, Andrew, Samuel, Sarah, Anna, 
Margaret, Janet, Mary, Elizabeth, and Mar- 
tha. Executors were wife, Josiah Espy, and 
James McClenaghan. 

Woods, Rev. Matthew, of Hanover, d. Jan- 
uary, 1785, leaving wife, and several chil- 
dren, not named. Executors were Samuel 
Kearsley and John Ainsworth. 

Wylie, Oliver, of Paxtang, d. October, 
1757, leaving a wife and children : Margaret, 
Oliver, and William. Executors were John 
Harris and Thomas. 

Wiggins, John, of Paxtang, d. February 
1762, leaving a wife Mary, and children : 
John, Agnes, James, Jean, Martha and Mar- 
garet. Executor was John Wiggins. 

Wright, James, of Hanover, d. March, 
1764, leaving a 'wife Margaret, and children : 
William, Margaret, Ann, Agnes, Jean, and 

Wright, William, of Hanover, d. October, 
1782, leaving a wife Margaret, and children : 
Margaret and Mary, m. John Elder. Ex- 
ecutors were Margaret Wright and James 

Walker, James, of Derry, d. April, 1753, 

leaving a wife Margaret, and children: 

James, Agnes, Archibald, Sarah, m. 

Caruthers, and Mary, m. Andrew Roan ; 
grandchild James Caruthers. 

Walker, James', of Paxtang, d. October, 
1784, leaving a wife Barbara, and children : 
William, Isabella, James, David, Robert, 
Thomas, and John ; grandchildren Catharine 
and Rachael Galbraith. Executors were 
wife Barbara and John Forster. 

Walker, James, of Londonderry, d. prior 
to 1785. His widow Martha in 1787 was 
the wife of Samuel Weir. The children 
were: Archibald, William, Margaret, Mary, 
and Lettice. 

Whitley, Michael, who died in 1777 from 
wounds received at Chestnut Hill, left a wife 
Martha, and children : Michael, William, 
Sarah, Elizabeth, Mary, Jane, and Martha. 

Walter, Jacob, of Paxtang, d. March, 1782, 
leaving wife Juliana and son Michael., 

Wallace, Robert, of Hanover, d. April, 

1783, leaving a wife Mary, and children : 
Moses, James, Isabella, and Mary ; sons-in- 
law Thomas McNair and Joseph Boyd ; 
grandchildren Mary Boyd, Robert Wallace, 
son of Moses, and Martha McNair. 

Wallace, James, of Paxtang, d. March, 

1784, leaving a wife Elizabeth, and step- 
children: Robert and Rachael Elder; and 
grandchild Thomas Elder. 

Wetherhold, Susanna, widow, of Harris- 
burg, d. July, 1812, leaving children as fol- 
lows : Margaret, m. Barnett ; Eliza- 
beth, m. Wingert, and had Charles 

and John ; John, of Hummelstown, m., and 
had Elizabeth, m. Peter Snyder, and had 
Charles, and Susanna ; and George. 

Willson, John, of Londonderry, d. July, 
1812, leaving his estate to his brother Will- 
iam Willson and wife Mary, and sister 
Syble, nephews Moses, Hugh, and John Will- 
son, and nieces Ann and Mary Willson. 

Willson, John, Sr., d. October, 1801, leav- 
ing his estate to his nieces Jean Robinson, 
Martha Young, Sarah Willson, Martha 
Smith, Jean Willson, wife of John ; Sarah 
Galey, and Martha Caddow; to nephews 
Samuel, John, Abraham, William, John, 
and James Willson ; sister Jean Willson. 

Willson, James, of West Hanover, d. Oc- 
tober, 1806, leaving children : James, Eliza- 
beth, m. Robert Sturgeon, Ann, m. James 
Moorehead, Mary, John, Samuel, Rachel, 
Thomas, Lucy, m. Thomas Bell, and Mar- 
tha. Executors were Samuel Willson and 
William Allen. 



Young, Alexander, of Paxtang, d. March, 
1751, leaving a wife Mary, and a number of 
children. Mentions father-in-law James 

Ziegler, Jacob, d. October, 1750, leaving a 
wife Barbara, and children : Margaret, Mary, 
Philip, and Ann. 

Ziegler, George, d. September, 1769; leav- 
ing children by first wife Mary : Jacob and 
Mary; by second wife Catharine : Ann, Bar- 
bara, George, and Frederick. 

Zent, Jacob, of West Hanover, d. in 1809, 
leaving children as follows: Elizabeth, m. 
Valentine King and had a daughter Su- 
sanna, John, Phoebe (Pevey), m. Christian 
Kish, Mary, m. Abraham Houser, Catharine, 
m. John Snyder, Susanna, m. Jacob Moyer, 
and Jacob. 


Some Early Dauphin County Families. 

[It is not intended to give a complete 
g:enealogical record of Dauphin county fami- 
lies. Records of other families have ap- 
peared in print or it has been proposed to 
publish them in distinct publications. Taken 
in connection with the C'liapter of Genealogi- 
cal Records, this information, limited as it 
may be, is of great value. There may be 
errors here and there, but these will prob- 
abty prove unimportant. The editor can- 
not verify every statement given him. The 
hope is that from this meager data many 
may see the value thereof, and at once pro- 
ceed to gather up the valuable records of 
their own family, and preserve it for those 
coming after.] 

The Family of the Founder of Harris- 

John Harris, the first, was a native of 
Yorkshire, England, where he was born 
about the year 1673. He was a brewer by 
occupation, and at his majority came to 
America with several of his brothers. Wat- 
son, the annalist, states that John Plarris' 
" entire capital amounted to only sixteen 
guineas." Although spending a few years 
in the new city of Philadelphia, at a time 
when it was decided to license but English 
born persons as Indian traders, he with one 
or two of his brothers entered that lucrative 
business. In January, 1705, the commis- 

sioners of property authorized and allowed 
him " to seat himself on the Sasquahannah 
at Pextang, to erect such buildings as are 
necessary for his trade, and to enclose and 
improve such quantity of land as he shall 
think fit." Mention is made of him in the 
Colonial Records, and among the fac-similes 
of Indian autographs is that of John Hans. 
An examination of the original show this to 
be a misprint for John Harris. The auto- 
graph I. H. is especially amusing, placing 
him among the Indian chiefs of the time. 
By comparing this signature with one in our 
possession we are perfectly satisfied that the 
" big Indian " John Hans was our pioneer 
John Harris. Of the incidents in the bor- 
der life of this early settler it is not our in- 
tention to say much at the present time. 
That he was an adventurous spirit, hardy and 
daring, his seating himself in the midst of 
the perfidious and treacherous Shawanese is 
sufficient evidence. " He was as honest a 
man as ever broke bread," was the high 
eulogium of the Rev. John Elder, who knew 
him well in the early days of his ministry. 
John Harris died at Harris' Ferry, in De- 
cember, 1748, his will being probated at 
Lancaster the latter part of that month. At 
times we are inclined to the belief that John 
Harris had been twice married. If not, his 
first and only wife was Esther Say, whom 
he married late in .life. She was many 
years his junior, and concerning whom we 
have much traditionary history. It is said 
that Harris, on his frequent visits to Phila- 
delphia, met her at the house of Edward 
Shippen, the first mayor of Philadelphia, an 
intimate friend of Harris. She was also a 
relative of the family with whom she was 
residing. They were married in old Christ 
Church, but the exact j^ear we have no 
record. Esther Say Harris survived her 
husband, and four or five years thereafter 
married William McChesney, who resided 
on the west side of the Susquehanna, in what 
is now Newberry township, York county. 
She died there in 1757, and was probably 
buried in Silvers Spring church graveyard. 
The names of John Harris' children who 
reached maturit}'^, and probable dates of 
birth, are as follows: 

i. Elizabeth, b. 1720; m. John Findley. 

ii. Esther, b. 1722; m. William Plunket. 

iii. John, b. 1726 ; m., 1st, Elizabeth Mc- 

Clure; 2d, Mary Reed. 
iv. William- Augustus, b. 1730; m. Mar- 



V. Samuel, b. May 4, 1733 ; m. Elizabeth 

TO. David, b. 1737 ; m. Miss Mahon. 
At his death, it may be noted, the pioneer, 
John Harris, was buried at the foot of a 
large mulberry tree on the river bank, as 
was also his first wife, and several of his 
children who died in early life. The in- 
closure in Harris Park and the fast decaying 
stump of the old tree mark the site of the 
last resting place of the first .John Harris. 

Elizabeth Harris, the eldest child of 
John Harris, married John Findley or Fin- 
ley. She died in 1769 at the age of forty- 
nine years; her husband in 1771 at the age 
of almost fifty. Little is known of him, save 
that he was the ancestor of the Findleys or 
Finleys of Western Pennsylvania. The 
cliildren of Elizabeth and John Findley were : 
*. Esther, who married " William Pat- 
terson, Esq., of Fermanagh." Pat- 
terson had been previously married 
to Isabella Galbraith, of Derry, and 
their only son, Galbraith Patterson, 
was a noted lawyer in the early 
days of the Dauphin county courts. 
The children of Esther and Will- 
"iam Patterson were: John, Isabella, 
William-Augustus, Margaret, and 
James, all of whom married and 
left issue. 

n. John, m. Hannah ; in 1796 he 

resided in Washington county. Pa. 
Hi. Isabella, 
iv. William- Augustus. 
V. Margaret, she married William Wirtz, 
of Lancaster; and their children 
were: Margaret, Elizabeth, Esther, 
Christian, Hannah, and William. 
Otherwise concerning them we have 
little knowledge. 
vi. James. 
As previously remarked, the Findleys 
went to Western Pennsylvania, and from 
thence their descendants have scattered over 
the States of the Union beyond the Ohio, 
where they are to-day a representative people. 

Esther Harris, the second daughter of 
the elder John Harris, born about 1724, died 
in 1768. She married Dr. William Plunket, 
a native of Ireland. At that time he was 
practicing medicine in Carlisle. He was an 
officer in the Provincial service ; subse- 
quently located atSunbury, where he became 
the leader in the so-called Pennamite War — 
efforts made by the government of Pennsyl- 

vania to drive off the Connecticut intruders 
upon the Wyoming lands. During the war 
of the Revolution he was suspected of dis- 
loyalty, and was once placed under arrest. 
Sabine, in his loyalists of America, tells some 
fabulous stories of Colonel Plunket. We 
doubt if he was ever a loyalist. As in the 
recent civil conflict, however, it may be that 
as he was not for, he certainly must be 
against. All of his friends and family con- 
nections were ardent for independence — and 
he would have entered heartily into the 
struggle, but with the other officers of the 
French and Indian war, they found them- 
selves supplanted by inexperienced men as 
officers, and this rankled in their bosoms 
and they stood aloof. At this distance from 
that era it is difficult to inquire into the 
causes why old and well-tried officers were 
totally ignored in the organization of the 
Pennsylvania Line, and the chief places 
given to men who knew not the " art of war." 
Plunket and his fellow officers of the Pro- 
vincial war, at the outset of the Revolution, 
hurriedly organized the militia of the 
counties, but when the Continental Line was 
formed they were left out in the organization. 
And so the old hero quietly retired to do- 
mestic life, only annoyed by repeated charges 
of disloyalty to the cause of liberty. He died 
at Sunbury in the month of April, 1791, and 
is there buried. The children of Esther 
Harris and William Plunket were : 

i. Elizabeth, who married Samuel Ma- 
clay, brother of William Maclay, a 
member of the Senate of Pennsyl- 
vania, speaker of that body, and 
afterwards United States senator; an 
influential man in public aff'airs, 
and whose descendants have oc- 
cupied and do occupy honorable 
and prominent positions in Penn- 
■a. Isabella, who married William Bell, 
of Elizabethtown, N. J. She was a 
remarkable woman, was principal 
of a young ladies' seminary many 
years, and died on the 10th of 
March, 1843, at the good old age of 
eighty-three years. 
Hi. Margaret, married Isaac Richardson. 
A descendant was recently a repre- 
sentative in the United States Con- 
gress from one of the New York dis- 
iv. Esther-Harris, married her cousin, 
Col. Richard Baxter, of the British 



service. She died young, leaving a 
daughter, Margaret, who became 
the wife of Dr. Samuel Maclay, of 
Mifflin county, Pa. 
Dr. Plunket had besides the foregoing, five 

other children, all sons, who died in early 


John Harris, the eldest son of the first 
John Harris, and the founder of Harrisburg, 
was b( rn in 1726 at Harris' Ferry. He was 
I. but twenty-three years old when his father 
died. At that period Harris' Ferry was an 
important place on the frontiers of Pennsyl- 
vania; and that with the management of 
his father's estate and the guardianship of 
his younger brothers required care and good 
judgment. Soon thereafter the French and 
Indian war broke out. The ferry was the 
entre-pot for the Provincial forces stationed on 
the frontiers. The story of John Harris' 
life through these exciting times, down to 
its close, remains to be written, and we pro- 
pose at some future day to venture upon the 
subject. Much of it reads like a romance. 
He lived in perilous times — and he was 
equal to the emergency. He was an officer 
in the Provincial service, and during all that 
struggle for white supremacy against the 
treacherous Delawaresand perfidious Shawa- 
nese he was active and energetic. The Rec- 
ords of Pennsylvania contain a great deal of 
correspondence between John Harris and 
the Provincial authorities, principally relat- 
ing to the condition of the frontiers and ac- 
counts of Indian forays. During the Pax- 
tang Boys' affair of 1763 and 1764 he was 
among those censured by the government, 
but had that government taken his advice 
and removed that viperous and blood- 
stained band of Indians on the Conestoga, 
there would never have resulted the neces- 
sity in the Paxtang Boys taking summary 
justice in their own hands. When the revo- 
lutionary struggle came John Harris was 
not behind his friends and neighbors in 
taking sides with the Colonies. Not only 
his influence, but his money was given to 
the authorities to assist in the contest with 
the mother country. One of his sons, his 
eldest born, fell in front of Quebec in De- 
cember, 1776; another, David, became an 
officer in the war, and served with distinc- 
tion. Prior to the Revolution, with a far- 
seeing eye, John Harris proposed the laying 
outof a town at the ferry — but that contest 
put an end for the time to all projects. No 
sooner had peace been declared than the 

proposals for the new town were set forth. 
In the newspapers of 1784 an advertisement 
to that effect was published. The new 
county project, however, changed the origi- 
nal plans, and provided Harris' Ferry was 
chosen as the county seat the proprietor of- 
fered lands for the public use — town, county 
and State — and agreed to appoint commis- 
sioners who should value the lots of the 
town of Harrisburg, and which were to be 
sold at the sum fixed therefor. On the 4th 
of March, 1785, the General Assembly of the 
State passed the act for the erection of the 
county of Dauphin, designating Harris' 
Ferry as the county seat. Agreeable to John 
Harris' plans the lots of the town were ap- 
proved and valued, and report thereof made 
on the 14th day of April, 1785. The town 
grew rapidly, and the founder lived to see it 
prosperous. He died on the 30th of July, 
1791, and his remains were interred in the 
graveyard of old Paxtang church. A marble 
slab bearing the following inscription marks 
the spot: 

In memory of \ John Harris | Who died on 
the 80th Day of July \ 1791 \ In the 66th year 
of his age \ and gave name \ To the Toivn of 
Harrishurgh. \ The remains of \ Elizabeth his 
first I and Mary his second wife \ Lie in- 
terred with him \ Under this Stone. 

John Harris was in reality one of the 
" men of mark " in the early history of Penn- 
sylvania. During the French and Indian 
war his services were invaluable, and so 
down to the close of his active life he was 
the same unflinching patriot — a generous 
hearted and enterprising citizen. He had 
strong faith in the advantageous position of 
the town which he had laid oat, and some 
years before his death, in his efforts to dis- 
suade Matthias Hollenbach, of Hanover 
township, who was then removing to Wilkes- 
Barre, and who became quite prominent in 
the history of that locality, said this place 
[Harrisburg] would eventually become the 
center of business in interior Pennsyvania 
and in time be selected as the seat of govern- 
ment of the State. He was far-seeing. At 
his death he owned about 900 acres of land, 
including most of what is now embraced in 
the city of Harrisburg. Also 200 acres on 
the Cumberland side of the river, including 
the Ferry, as also a large tract of land at the 
mouth of the Yellow Breeches, in Newberrj'- 
township, York county, with 600 acres at 
the mouth of Conedoguinet creek, where an 
old Shawanese town once had been. 



John Harris, the founder, was twice mar- 
ried. In the year 1749, b)' the Rev. John 
Elder, to Elizabeth McClure, born 1729 in 
Paxtang, and died January 20, 1764, at 
Harris' Ferry. The following incidents, 
credited to the wife of the first John Harris, 
refer to this noted woman. "The log house 
of Mr. Harris, situated on the river bank, 
was surrounded by a stockade for security 
against the Indians. An English officer was 
one night at the house, when by accident the 
gate of the stockade was left unfastened. 
The officer, clothed in his regimentals, was 
seated with Mr. Harris and his wife at the 
table. An Indian entered the gate of the 
stockade and thrust his rifle through one of 
the port-holes of the house, and it is sup- 
posed pointed it at the officer. The night 
being damp, the gun simply flashed. In- 
stantly Mrs. Harris blew out the candle to 
prevent the Indian aiming a second time, 
and he retreated." On another occasion a 
servant girl was sent upstairs for some pur- 
pose, and she took with her a piece of lighted 
candle, without a candlestick. The girl 
soon came down without the candle, and on 
Mrs. H. asking what she had done with it, 
she said she had stuck it into a barrel of 
flaxseed. This, however, happened to be a 
barrel of powder. Mrs. Harris instantly 
rose, and without saying a word, for fear of 
alarming the girl, went upstairs, and advanc- 
ing to the barrel, cautiously placed her 
hands under the candle and lifted it out, and 
then coolly reproved the girl for her careless- 
ness. These occurrences prove her to have 
been well fitted for the life of a pioneer. 

The children of John Harris and his wife 
Elizabeth McClure were : 

i. Mary, b. April 13, 1750 ; m. William 

a. John, b. August 20, 1751. He is the 
son of whom his father wrote on 
the 4th of July, 1775, after speaking 
of his son David, who was an ap- 
plicant for a commission in the 
patriot army : " I shall let my 
other son Johnny go cheerfully in 
the service, anywhere in America." 
He joined at this time Capt. Mat- 
thew Smith's company, and fell 
mortally wounded in front of Que- 
bec, on the 31st of December, 1775. 
Hi. David, b. February 24, 1754, at 
Harris' Ferry. He received a good 
English and classical education 
under the\^care of the celebrated 

Dr. Alison. At the time of the 
breaking out of the war for Inde- 
pendence he was in Baltimore. 
He accepted a commission in the 
Pennsylvania Line and was ap- 
pointed paymaster of Col. William 
Thompson's battalion of riflemen. 
He served in various positions 
until the close of the Revolution, 
when he returned to Baltimore 
where he married. After the death 
of his father, being one of the ex- 
ecutors of the estate, he came to 
Harrisburg, and was appointed by 
his old friend and companion in 
arms. Governor Mifflin, one of the 
associate judges of Dauphin county, 
August 17, 1791. This position he 
resigned on the 20th of February, 
1792, to accept an appointment in 
the Bank of the United States. 
Upon the establishment of the office 
of discount and deposit, in Balti- 
more, he accepted the cashiership 
thereof. Major Harris died in that 
city on the 16th of November, 1809, . 
at the age of fifty-five years. His 
wife was Sarah Crocket, of Baltimore, 
and their children were : John, who 
died in Europe, and Mary Crocket, 
who married Joseph Sterritt. 
iv. William, b. January 23, 1756 ; d. July 

3, 1764. 
V. Elizabeth, b. November 22, 1759 ; 
d. s. p. 
John Harris married, secondly, in Novem- 
ber, 1764, by Rev. John Roan, Mary Read, 
daughter of Adam and Mary Read, of Han- 
over, b. 1730 ; d. November 1, 1787, at Har- 
risburg, and buried in old Paxtang church 
graveyard. Their children were : 

TO. Adam, b. November 7, 1765 ; d. s. p. 
vii. James (1st), b. February 15, 1767 ; 

d. s. p. 
via. Robert, b. September 5, 1768 ; m. 
Elizabeth Ewing. 
iz. Mary, b. October 1, 1770; m. John 

Andre Hanna. 
X. Jean, b. March 18, 1772; d. s. p. 
xi. Joseph, b. October 23, 1774 ; d. s. p. 
xii. William, b. September 1, 1776; d. 

August 17, 1777. 
xiii. Read, b. October 5, 1778 ; d. s. p. 
xiv. Elizabeth, b. October, 1780 ; d. s. p. 
XV. James (2d), b. 1782 ; d. May 17, 1806; 
unm.; buried in Paxtang church 



William Augustus Harris, son of John 
Harris, the elder, born about the year 1730, 
at Harris' Ferry ; d. in 1760, near Elizabeth- 
town, now Lancaster county. He married, 
October 4, 1752, Margaret Simpson, daughter 
of Samuel Simpson, of Paxtang. She sur- 
vived her husband only a year or two. They 
left children : 

i. John, d. s. p. 

a. Simpson, was a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion, and died in the service at 
Ashley Hill. 

Samuel Harris, son of the first John 
Harris, b. May 4, 1733, at Harris' Ferry. At 
the beginning of the Revolution, he was a 
settler in Northumberland county, and took 
an active part in affairs there, asalso in the 
so-called " Pennamite War." He afterwards 
removed to near Cayuga Lake, New York, 
where he died on the 19th of October, 1825. 
At West Cayuga, or Bridgeport, on the shore 
of the Cayuga Lake, in the town of Seneca 
Falls, is a monument erected to Samuel 
Harris. From it we take the following in- 
scription, although the date of his birth is 
seven years out of the way : 

Samuel Harris \ Born at Harrisburg, Penn., 

I May 4-) l^Jfi I An active poMicipant in the 

I Stirring scenes of the old French War \ was 

present at surprise and defeat \ of Braddock 

nea.r Fort Du Quesne \ He was the decided 

friend of his | Country and her Cause, in the 

War I of the Revolution, during which he was 

I appointed Captain of Cavalry ]■ Emigrated 

to and settled on the \ bank of the Cayuga Lake 

in the year 1795 \ Where he died Aug. 19, 1825 

I Aged 85 yrs S months 15 days. 

On the same monument is this inscrip- 
tion : 

Elizabeth Harris wife of Samuel Harris | 
born at Philadelphia March 17, 174-0 \ Died 
Dec. 25, 1828 \ Aged 88 yrs 9 mo. 8 da. | 
Blessed are the merciful for they shall ob- \ tain 

Samuel Harris married, in 1758, Eliza- 
beth Bonner, of Philadelphia. Their chil- 
dren, all born at Harris' Ferry, were: 

i. John, b. September 26, 1760 ; m. Mary 

ii. William, h. October 3, 1762; m. Miss 

Mead, and left issue. 
Hi. Ann, b. 1764; d. s. p. 
iv. David, b. JApril 22, 1771; m. Ann 

[; and "theirirchildren were 

Alfred,[Samuel, andlElizabeth. 

David Harris, the youngest son of the 
first John Harris, born about 1737, received 
a good education, settled at Sunbury, and 
was prothonotary of Northumberland county 
in 1777 and 1778. He died while on a voy- 
age to Europe. He married a Miss Mahon, 
of Baltimore, and they had one chUd, Esther, 
concerning whom we have not been able to 
secure information. 

Mary Harris, the daughter of the second 
John Harris, and his wife, Elizabeth McClure, 
was born April 13, 1750, at Harris' Ferry ; 
d. April 20, 1809, at Harrisburg, and is 
buried in Paxtang church graveyard. She 
married, April 16, 1769, William Maclay. 
He was the son of Charles Maclay and Elea- 
nor Query, and was born July 20, 1737, in 
New Garden township, Chester county, Pa. 
In 1742 his parents removed to Hopewell 
township, Lancaster county, now Lurgan 
township, Franklin county, where he grew 
up to man's estate. He was at Rev. John 
Blair's classical school, in Chester county, 
when the French and Indian war broke out, 
and desiring to enter the Provincial service, 
Mr. Blair recommended him as a "judicious 
young man and a scholar." He was ap- 
pointed an ensign in the Pennsylvania bat- 
talion, subsequently promoted to lieutenant, 
and served under Forbes and Bouquet. He 
afterwards studied law and was admitted to 
the York county bar, April 28, 1760. He 
was appointed one of the deputy surveyors 
of the Province, and until the Revolution 
was busily engaged as the assistant of Sur- 
veyor General Lukens on the frontiers. By 
direction of the Proprietaries he laid out the 
town of Sunbury, where he erected a stone 
house and resided until the close of the war. 
During that struggle he marched with the 
Northumberland county associators, partici- 
pating in the battles of Trenton and Prince- 
ton. He was afterwards appointed assistant 
commissary of purchases. In 1781 he was 
elected to the Assembly, and filled many 
offices in the county and State, while in 1789 
was chosen to the United States Senate, tak- 
ing his seat there as the .first senator from 
Pennsylvania. A diary of the proceedings 
of these two years was kept by Mr. Maclay, 
the original of which was in the possession of 
his grandson, William Maclay Lyon. Upon 
leaving the Senate he took up his permanent 
residence in Harrisburg, where he built the 
stone house yet standing at the corner of 
Front and South streets. He represented the 



county of Dauphin in the Pennsylvania 
House of Representatives in 1795 and, 1803, 
and was a Presidential elector in 1796, and 
from 1801 to 1803 one of the associatejudges 
of the county. He died at Harrisburg on 
the 15th of April, 1804. In the old Paxtang 
churchyard is a flat marble stone with this 
inscription : 

Sacred \ to the memory of \ William Maclay> 
Esq., I late of Harrishurgh, \ who departed this 
life April 16, 180 i., \ Aged 68 years. \ In the 
death of this valuable member of \ Society his 
Country has lost an enlightened \ citizen and 
his family their only support. | He held some of 
the most honourable offices | in Pennsylvania 
and the United States \ and discharged their 
duties with firmness | and integrity. \ To an en- 
larged and superior mind he added | the strictest 
moralit'^ and served his God \ by improving 
himself in virtue and knowledge. \ He has gone 
to receive a glorious reward \ for a life spent in 
honour and unsullied by crime. \ His afflicted 
wife and children raise this stone | over his 
grave and have no consolation but \ in the re- 
membrance of his virtues. 

O'er thy loved tomb shall angels bend, \ And 
tr^ie affection tribute pay, \ To mourn the Father, 
Husband, Friend, \ Untimely torn by Death 
away. | T?i,o' power and honour could not save \ 
Thy mortal part from Death's abode, | Th' 
ethereal spirit bursts the grave \ and seeks the 
bosom of its God. 

" Words of truth for once told on a tomb- 
stone," said William Darby, the geographer, 
who knew Mr. Maclay well. For further 
notes concerning him see " History of Dau- 
phin County." The children of Mary (Mc- 
Clure) Harris and William Maclay were 
(surname Maclay): 

i. John-Harris, b. Feb. 5, 1770 ; d. s. p. 
a. Elizabeth, h. Feb. 16, 1772 ; d. April 
19, 1794. In Paxtang church burial 
ground is a large marble slab with 
this inscription : 
Sacred \ to \ the Memory of | Eliza Maclay. 
A lingering distemper \ borne vnth resignation 
put a period to her life \ on the 19th of April 
17 9 If. I in the 23d year of her age. \ The duties \ 
annexed to her station \ were dischargad with- 
out a I blot. I Her weeping Parents \ have placed 
over her this stone \ The monument \ Of her vir- 
tues and of I their affection. 

Hi. Eleanor, b. January 17, 1774 ; m. Will- 
iam Wallace. 
iv. Mary, b. March 19, 1776; m. Samuel 

V. Esther, b. September 19, 1778 ; m. Dr. 

Henry Hall. 
vi. Sarah, b. January 5, 1781; m. John 

vii. Jean, b. March 19, 1783 ; m. John 

via. William, b. 1784 ; d. 1785. 
ix. William (2d), b. May 5, 1787 ; d. Mon- 
day, March 22, 1812, at Harrisburg, 

Robert Harris, son of the second John 
Harris, and his wife Mary Read, was born 
September 5, 1768, at Harris' Ferry. He re- 
ceived a good education, and was brought up 
as a farmer, residing during the early por- 
tion of his life in the old log house which 
stood where the Harris Park school building 
is erected. He filled various positions of 
honor, and during the war of 1812-14 served 
as paymaster of the Penn'a troops. He was 
elected to Congress two terms, 1823 to 1827. 
Mr. Harris was one of the most active and 
energetic men of his day. Possessed of great 
public spirit, he aided in the establishment 
of various enterprises, including the bridge 
over the Susquehanna, Harrisburg Bank and 
Harrisburg and Middletown turnpike. When 
the Assembly of the State decided to remove 
the seat of government to Harrisburg he was 
selected as one of the commissioners for fix- 
ing the location of the Capitol buildings be- 
fore removal. Many of our old citizens re- 
member well the last prominent act in his 
long life, the address of welcome made by 
him to President Taylor. Mr. Harris died 
at Harrisburg on the 3d of September, 1851, 
at almost the age of eighty-three years. He 
married in Philadelphia, May 12, 1791, Eliza- 
beth Ewing, daughter of Rev. John Ewing, 
D. D., provost of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. She died at Harrisburg on the 27th 
of April, 1835, in the 63d year of her age. 
The children of Robert and Elizabeth Ewing 
Harris were: 

i. John, b. March 9, 1792 ; died June 22, 

1846; unmarried. 
ii. Hannah, b. December 21, 1793 ; d. s. p. 
Hi. David, b. March 27, 1796, at Harris- 
burg. He received his education in 
the schools of the town and at the 
academy there. At the age of eigh- 
teen he went to Philadelphia, where 
he was engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits several j'ears, when he re- 
turned to his native town and es- 
tablished himself in the general 



transportation business in connec- 
tion with the canal, and subse- 
quently in merchandizing. For 
many years he was clerk of the 
borough and city councils, was a jus- 
tice of the peace under the borough 
charter, and one of the first alder- 
men elected under the city charter. 
In 1814 Mr. Harris marched to Bal- 
timore — one of the youngest-in that 
band of brave defenders — with the 
" Harrisburg volunteers," and was 
among the last of its survivors. 
Upon his retirement from councils 
he lived in quiet retirement, his age 
rendering it im{)Ossible for him to 
participate in any active business. 
He was a man of strict integrity, 
and lived an honorable and correct 
life, doing what he had to do faith- 
fully, beloved and respected by his 
friends and neighbors. He died at 
Harrisburg on the 14th of March, 
1880. Mr. Harris married Eliza- 
beth Latimer, who survived to a 
ripe old age. Their children were 
Mary, Philip-Small, Henry-Latimer, 
Louisa, m. Charles H. Wilson, and 
Sallie-Latimer. Of these Mary is de- 
ceased ; Philip-S. resides at St. Paul, 
Minn.; Mrs. Wilson, a widow, at 
Philadelphia, and the others at Har- 
iv. George- Washington, b. June 23, 1798, 
at Harrisburg, where he died on 
the 13th of August, 1882. He re- 
ceived a preliminary education at 
the old Harrisburg academy and 
select schools of the town. Subse- 
quently he went to Dickinson, Jeff- 
erson and the University of Penn- 
sylvania, graduating at the latter 
institution. He studied law and 
was admitted to the Dauphin 
county bar at the December term, 
1820. He remained at Harrisburg 
several years, during a portion of 
which period he served as deputy 
attorney general for the county of 
Dauphin. He afterwards removed 
to Philadelphia and entered into 
law partnership with Calvin Blythe, 
at one time judge of this district. 
He returned, however, in a short 
time to Harrisburg, and resumed 
his place at the Dauphin county 
bar, and was appointed reporter of 

the Supreme Court of Pennsylva- 
nia, publishing a series of volumes 
of reports. For a number of years 
he filled the position of secretary to 
the Library Committee of the Uni- 
ted States Senate. Until the last 
day of his long life he was very ac- 
tive — physically and mentally. In 
his address, appearance and man- 
ners, he belonged to the old school. 
He was a great reader, a man of 
good information and of fine con- 
versational powers. He was ex- 
emplary and upright in his inter- 
course with his fellow-citizens, and 
was highly respected by all. Mr. 
Harris married Elizabeth Mary 
Hall, daughter of Dr. Henry Hall, 
whose wife was Hester Maclay, 
daughter of Senator William Ma- 
clay. She died during the year 
1884. Their children were Eliza- 
beth- E.., m. J. Wallace Kerr ; Catha- 
rine-Hall, m. William Morris; 
Robert, William-H, and Julia-Todd. 
Mrs. Kerr, a widow, resides at Har- 
risburg, as does Julia T. Robert 
and William H. were both physi- 
cians, and died in the prime of life. 
Mrs. Morris resides in Delaware. 
V. Thomas-Jefferson, b. October 17, 1800. 
He received a good education, and 
was appointed a midshipman in 
the U. S. Navy. He passed a few 
years in the service, but having lit- 
tle inclination for a man-of-war life, 
he resigned and returned to Har- 
risburg, where he lived in quiet re- 
tirement until the close of his life, 
which terminated on the 10th of 
August, 1878. He was genial and 
generous, affable and entertaining, 
and a student his whole life long. 
Mr. Harris married, in 1859, Eliza 
Stine, of Harrisburg, but she died 
within a year thereafter. 
vi. Robert (1st), b. January 29, 1804 ; d. 
March 8, 1804. 

vii. Robert (2d), b. March 21, 1808. He was 
a physician and practiced his pro- 
fession at Harrisburg a number of 
years. He died there on the 19th 
of December, 1863, unmarried. 

via. William-Augustus, b. August 21, 1810. 
He was an Episcopalian minister, 
resided at Washington, D. C, and 
the last survivor of the children of 



Robert Harris. He married Cath- 
arine Butcher, and their children 
were James- Otey, Catharine, Will- 
iam, and Robert. 

Mary Harris, daughter of John Harris 
and his wife Mary Read, was born October 1, 
1770, at Harris' Ferry, She was an active 
and energetic woman, and closed a life of 
four score years on the 20th of August, 1851. 
She married John Andre Hanna, a native 
of Flemington, N. J., where he was born 
about 1760. He was the son of Rev. John 
Hanna and his wife Mary McOrea. He re- 
ceived a good education under the direction 
of his father, and was partly educated at the 
College of New Jersey. It is probable that 
he came to Pennsylvania as a tutor, after- 
wards studying law with Stephen Chambers, 
of Lancaster, a noted lawyer of his day, and 
was admitted to the bar of that county in 
1784. Upon the formation of the county of 
Dauphin he located at Harrisburg, where his 
marriage to a daughter of the founder of the 
new town gave him a prestige and promi- 
nence he would perchance not otherwise 
have had. With this influence of family, 
and his great natural abilities, he soon be- 
came the leader at the bar. Probably an ac- 
tive participant in the war of the Revolu- 
tion, he had a decided taste for military af- 
fairs. He commanded one of the first com- 
panies raised in Harrisburg, and during 
the so-called Whiskey Insurrection of 1794 
was in command of the Second brigade of 
the Pennsylvania forces. The same year he 
was elected to Congress, and up to the time 
of his death served in that illustrious body. 
He died, somewhat suddenly, on the 18th of 
July, 1805, and his remains repose in the 
cemetery at Harrisburg. General Hanna 
was a man of rich promise, was a leader of 
the anti-federal party, and the colleague of 
Gallatin, Snailie and other Pennsylvanians, 
then quite prominent in the political affairs 
of the Nation. He was a gentleman in man- 
ners and deportment and eminent in his life 
work. The children of General Hanna and 
his wife Mary Harris were : 

i. Esther-Harris, d. s. p. 
a. Eleanor, d. s. p. 

Hi. Sarah-Eaton ; she married in 1820 
Richard Templin Jacobs, who died 
November 25, 1842. He was a 
prominent merchantof Harrisburg. 
Their children were Samuel, Hen- 
rietta, Jarnes, George- W., and Eliza. 

The latter was twice married, first 
to A. K. Cornyn, a lawyer, and sec- 
ondly John J. Clyde, of Harrris- 
iv. Henrietta, d. 1840 ; unm. 
V. Caroline-Elizabeth, b. 1795 ; d. 1880 at 
Harrisburg.- She married, in 1813, 
Joseph Briggs, of Silvers Spring, 
and they had John-Hanna, m. Julia 
' Ann Todd, and Mary, m. Hon. John 
J. Pearson. 
vi. Frances-Harris, m. John Carson Mc- 
Allister, and left issue. 

vii. Juliana-C, m. John Fisher. 

via. Mary-Read, m. Hon. John Tod. He 
was the son of David Tod and Rachel 
Kent, and born in Suffield, Hart- 
ford countj^ Conn , in November, 
1779. His father was a Scotchman 
by birth and a man of an original 
turn of mind, possessing much 
shrewdness, and a dry kind of wit, 
many of his sayings being familiarly 
repeated years after his decease. His 
mother was a native of the town of 
Suffield. Young Tod received his 
preliminary education at the public 
schools of the village, but his class- 
ical education was pursued under 
the direction of the Rev. Mr. Gray, 
pastor of the Presbyterian church 
of that town. His rapid progress 
in his studies enabled him on ex- 
amination to enter the junior class 
at Yale College, where he graduated 
two years afterwards with great 
credit and honor to himself. After 
graduating he entered the office of 
his brother, George Tod, then a 
practicing lawyer in New Haven, 
and it is said was also a short time 
in the office of Gideon Granger, 
Postmaster General under President 
Adams. He was admitted to the 
bar of Hartford in 1800. Shortly 
after he went to Virginia, where he 
filled the position of tutor in a 
family in one of the southern coun- 
ties of that State. In 1802 he lo- 
cated at Bedford, Pa., where he did 
some clerical labor in the prothono- 
tary's office, and the same year ad- 
mitted to the bar there. His prac- 
tice rapidly increased, and such was 
his standing and popularity in the 
county that he was elected to the 
House of Representatives of the 



Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 
1808, serving in that branch until 
1813 — the last two session's being 
speaker of that body. In 1813 he 
was elected member of the State 
Senate, of which he served as pre- 
siding officer from 1814 to 1816. 
He was re-elected in 1816, but re- 
signed the office December 20, 1816. 
In 1820 Mr. Tod was elected a mem- 
ber of Congress, and again in 1822. 
The tariff question was the leading 
measure of Congress during the 
session of 1823-4. His speeches on 
the subject — particularly his open- 
ing speech, delivered on the 10th of 
February, 1824, and that with 
which he closed the debate on the 
8th of April — are remarka:ble ; the 
first for the data, facts, statistics and 
other important information it con- 
veys — the second for its powerful 
and persuasive reasoning, fervid 
eloquence, wit and satire, all ex- 
pressed in chaste and elegant lan- 
guage. Few subjects have elicited 
more masterly and brilliant dis- 
plays from American statesmen. 
On the 8th of June, 1824, he was 
appointed president judge of the 
Fifteenth judicial district, and 
thereupon resigned his seat in Con- 
gress. In May, 1827, he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Shulze a jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of Penn- 
sylvania. He had been engaged 
with two other judges in holding a 
court at Lancaster, and becoming 
ill, hastened to his home at Bed- 
ford, where, after a brief illness, on 
the 27th of March, 1830, in the 
fifty-first year of his age, he breathed 
his last. The character of Judge 
Tod was that of a plain, practical 
Republican — a downright honest 
man. Without the least ostenta- 
tion or disguise he remarkably ex- 
emplified, in a Spartan simplicity 
of manners, the truth of his own 
sentiments — that there may be a 
social equality in the intercourse of 
men on all proper occasions without 
at all interfering with the difference 
conferred by intellect and educa- 
tion. He was too humble to think 
himself wiser than others, and too 
honest to account himself better. 

The children of Mary Read Hanna 
and John Tod were Julia-Ann, m. 
John H. Briggs ; Rachel, m. Samuel 
A. Gilmore, of Butler; Isabella, m. 
William M. Kerr, and Henrietta. 
Mrs. Briggs and Mrs. Kerr, both 
widows, reside at Harrisburg. 

The Allisons op Derky. 

I. John Allison, a native of Londonderry, 
Ireland, emigrated with his family to Amer- 
ica as early as 1725, and located on what 
were termed the '' Barrens of Derry, then 
Chester, afterwards Lancaster, now Dauphin 
county, Pa. He took up two hundred acres 
of land, which were warranted to him 15th 
of April, 1734. He died in 1747, leaving a 
wife Janet, and among other children, the 
following : 

i. Robert, d. March, 1766, unm.; by his 
will he bequeathed " £100 to the 
Trustees of the Philadelphia Hos- 
pital," "£100 to the Grammar 
School at Newark, ten miles from 
New Castle," and the _ balance of 
his estate to his brothers and sisters. 
ii. William, d. August, 1739; m. Grizzle 
Wray, and had Margaret, Patrick, 
and Robert. 
Hi. Hetiry, who had James. 
2. iv. John, m. Ann . 

3. V. James, m. Rebecca 

vi. Jean, m. Smith. 

- White. 

vii. Margaret, m. — 

II. John Allison (John), d. May, 1767, 
in Donegal, leaving a wife Ann (who subse- 
quently married John Stewart), and had 
children as follows : 

i. Patrick. 

ii. Jean,!!!. George Clark, and had Mary. 
Hi. Rose, m. James Crawford, and had 

iv. Margaret. 
V. John. 

vi. James, h. 1750. 
vii. Ann, h. 1753. 
viii. William, b. 1755. 
iz. Robert, b. 1757. 

III. James Allison (John), d. November, 
1762, in Donegal, leaving a wife Rebecca, 
who died in September, 1764, and the fol- 
lowing issue : 

i. James, m. a daughter of Gordon 
Howard, of Donegal. 



ii. Anna, m. 

Defrance, and had 

James and John, who were, in 1776, 

over fourteen years of age. 
Hi. Jean, m. William Watt, and removed 

to North Carolina. 
iv. Margaret, m. Bowman, and 

removed to North Carolina. 
V. Sarah, 
vi. Rebecca, m. Hugh Caldwell, and had 


The Balsbaugh Family. 

Among the earliest of the German settlers 
on Spring creek, in what is now Derry town- 
ship, Dauphin county, was George Bals- 
baugh, a native of Fahrenbach, in the Pfaltz, 
Germany, where he was born in 1706. He 
married Eva Minich, born in the same 
neighborhood, in 1716. With their little 
family thej' came to America in the year 
1743, and located among their old neighbors 
in the Fatherland, near Derry church, on the 
farm now owned by the late venerable Wen- 
del Henry. Mr. Balsbaugh subsequently 
removed to Hanover township, six miles 
further north, and purchased a tract of land 
of two hundred acres — most of it hilly and 
sterile — which has ever since been known 
as the " Balsbaugh Place." Mr. Balsbaugh 
died there in' 1775, his wife ten years later. 
They had a large family, and their descend- 
ants were quite numerous in Dauphin and 
Lebanon counties sixty years ago, but 
like their Scotch-Irish neighbors, they have 
gone out from the old-homestead and sought 
new locations south and west. The record 
we have been able to make of them is mea- 
ger, it is true, and that mainly of one branch 
of the family. George Balsbaugh and Eva 
his wife had among others the following 
children : 

i. George, b. 1736 ; d. March 10, 1802. 
it. Peter, b. June 27, 1738; d. June 26, 
1796 ; m. Mary , b. Decem- 
ber 12, 1742 ; d.- June 19, 1798. 
in. John,h. 1740; d. March 24, 1802. 
iv. Catharine, b. 1743 ; d. at sea. 
V. Elizabeth, b. 1745. 
TO. Eva, b. 1749. 
vii. Gertrude, h. 1752. 

via. Valentine, b. February 14, 1755 ; m. 
Elizabeth Miller. 

Valentine Balsbaugh (George) was 
born near old Derry church, February 15, 

1755. He was, however, brought up on the 
old Balsbaugh Place in Hanover, to which 
his parents removed about 1760. Although 
a practical farmer, he was a minister of the 
German Baptist Church, and emphatically 
a self-educated man. His knowledge of the 
Holy Scriptures was wonderful, and his 
grasp of revealed truths deep, spiritual and 
far-reaching. He was what is termed a 
" weeping " minister of the gospel, and was 
never known, to preach without shedding 
tears and causing others to weep. To the 
close of his long and influential life, he never 
used glasses. He died suddenly of apoplexy 
at the homestead on the 26th of November, 
1851, in the 97th year of his age. Mr. Bals- 
baugh married August 3, 1777, Elizabeth 
Miller, daughter of the saintly George Mil- 
ler, the first bishop of the German Baptist 
Church in Dauphin county. She was born 
May 2, 1753, and died in September, 1821. 
They had issue as follows : 

i. George, h. May 5, 1778; was a black- 
, smith by trade, and was noted 
among his Scotch-Irish Presbyte- 
rian neighbors as much for his 
mental strength as for his leonine 
physique ; he was well read, and 
with his strong reasoning powers 
was the leader in debate — a verita- 
ble Elihu Burritt in knowledge. 
He married late in life and died at 
three score. 
ii. Christian, b. 1779; d. s. p. 
Hi. Daniel, b. 1781 ; d. s. p. 
iv. Henry, b. February 8, 1783'; was a 
farmer ; represented the county 
of Dauphin in the Legislature of 
1843 ; died September 1, 1848. He 
married Hannah, daughter of Jacob 
Smith who died at Forreston, 111., 
at the age of eighty-five. Dr. George 
Balsbaugh, of Forreston, 111., is a 
V. Catharine, b. May 26, 1785 ; a woman 
of fine personal appearance and 
noble, self-sacrificing disposition ; 
she accomplished great good in her 
long life. She married Rev. Dan- 
iel Reichard, of Ringgold Manor, 
Md., a bishop of the German Bap- 
tist Church. They had a large 
family most of whom were promi- 
nent in the church. The Rev. 
Reichard was a profound theolo- 
gian, and the professors of St. 
James College said of him, " he is 



as tough as a fiddle string and 
genial as tough." He was born 
May 1, 1.760; died January 28, 
1856. Mrs. Reichard died Decem- 
ber 22, 1870. They had twelve 

vi. Elizabeth, b. February 14, 1787 ; m. 
the Rev. Lawrence Etter, " an elo- 
quent man and mighty in the 
scriptures," many years a minister 
in the German Baptist Church. 
He died November 9, 1853, in his 
sixty -seventh year. Their son John 
is now a bishop in that church. 
Mrs. Etter died at the early age of 

vii. John, b. November 4, 1788 ; d. in his 
ninety-first year, near Highspire ; 
married a Miss Ziegler, sister of a 
prominent minister of the church 
in Lancaster county. Their son, 
John, Jr., who died recently, repre- 
sented Juniata county in the Leg- 
via. Mary, b. October 7, 1790; d. February 
27, 1882 ; married William Gibson, 
of York county, near Dallastown, 
Pa., where they resided all their 
married life. 

ix. Peter, b. June 4, 1793 ; d. November 
21, 1871, at the old homestead ; was 
for years a director of the poor ; in 
the early days of common schools 
he was one of the most strenuous 
advocates of that noble plan of ed- 
ucation, and all through his long 
life he took the deepest interest 
therein. A plain, practical farmer, 
he was as influential as generous. 
He married Elizabeth Longenecker, 
who deceased on New Year's Day, 
1874. Their children were Valen- 
tine, b. March 19, 1827 ; m. Mary, 
daughter of the Rev. Jacob Hol- 
linger; Abraham, b. October 12, 
1819 ; m. Susan Seltzer ; Benjamin, 
b. November 14, 1821 ; m. Mary, 
daughter of Rev. Miskey, of Berks 
county ; Daniel, b. February 15, 
1825, founder and first principal of 
Lebanon Valley College, d. in 1860 ; 
m. Laura, daughter of Andrew 
Henry, of Palmyra ; Maria, b. Sep- 
tember 18, 1828; m. John M. Zort- 
man, a farmer near Palmyra; 
Christian- Hervey, b. April 16, 1831, 
now of Union Deposit, Dauphin 

county ; Lizzie, b. July 3, 1834 ; d. 
at the age of twenty-eight ; David, 
h. November 23, 1836, died at six- 
teen, and Samuel, b. July 30, 1839 ; 
m. Sarah, daughter of Rev. Mr. 
Keefer, of Dauphin county. 

X. Christina, b. December 10, 1795; d. 
May 23, 1863; married Michael 
Friese. Their son Michael was a 
leading homeopathic physician who 
died in Harrisburg in 1880. An- 
other son, Valentine, a graduate of 
Dickinson College, died in 1875 at 
Fort Wingate, New Mexico. 

xi. Anna, b. July 26, 1798 ; d. December 
23, 1868 ; married Peter Gingrich, 
a substantial farmer. Their son 
Aaron is a prominent physician in 

The Baums of Derey. 

I. Adam Baum, a native of the Palatinate; 
emigrated to America about 1760, and set- 
tled in Derry township, Lancaster now Dau- 
phin count}'. Pa., where he died in Decem- 
ber, 1785 ; m. Veronica ; both are 

buried in the family graveyard, on the Horse- 
shoe turnpike, two miles east of Hummels- 
town. They had issue, among others : 

2. i. Michael, b. 1757 ; m. Margaret Eber- 


3. M. i)aTiieZ, b. January 30, 1759 ; m. Catha- 

rine Fishburn. 
Hi. John, b. 1761 ; d. and left a son John. 

II. Michael Baum (Adam), b. 1757, in 
Derry township, Dauphin county. Pa.; d. in 
1796 ; m. Margaret Ebersole ; his widow sub- 
sequently married John Miller. They had 
issue : 

4. i. Daniel, h. April 9, 1783; m. Mary 


5. ii. Abraham, b. 1785; m. Elizabeth Esh- 

Hi. John, b. 1787 ; d. April, 1839 ; m. 

Nancy . 

iv. Ann, b. 1789. 

V. Freny, h. 1791 ; rn. Isaac Suavely. 
vi. Mary, b. 1793; m. Felix Burkholder; 

removed to Ohio. 

III. Daniel Baum (Adam), b. January 30, 
1759 ; d. December 30, 1839 ; was an ingen- 
ious mechanic, learned gunsmithing with his 
father, and during the war of the Revolution 
was noted for the rifles which he manufac- 



tured for the patriot army. He m. Catharine 
Fishburn. They had issue : 

6. i. Michael, m. Nancy Sheller. 
a. Barbara, m. Thomas Fox. 

7. in. John, b. March 9,1794; m. Rebecca 


IV. Daniel Baum (Michael, Adam), b- 
April 7, 1783; d. December 4, 1857 ; m. Mary 
Hummel, b. March 13,1/89; d. November 
23, 1862 ; dau. of David Hummel and Mary 
Toot. They had issue : 

i. Mary-Ann, m. Samuel Murray. 
M. Lena. 

Hi. Sarah, d. unm. 
iv. Susan, m. Levi Jones. 
V. Catharine, m. Edward Magee, of New- 
ark, N. J. 
vi. Adam-Hummel. 

vii. Caroline, m. John Yordy, of Lebanon. 
viii. David-Hummel, 
ix. Amanda, d. s. p. 

V. Abraham Baum (Michael, Adam), m. 
Elizabeth Eshleman. They had issue: 

i. Jfari/, m., first, Abraham Fackler; sec- 
ondly, John Gerhart. 
ii. John, m. Elizabeth Metz. 
Hi. Michael, m. a dau. of Philip Michael, 

of Dauphin county. 
iv. Catharine, m. Benjamin Miller. 
V. Susan. 

vi. Isaac, m. Barbara Bear. 
vii. Elizabeth, m. John Baum. 
viii. Abraham. 

VI. Michael Baum (Daniel, Adam), d. 
March, 1831 ; m. Nancy Shpller. They had 
issue : 

i. John, d. s. p. 
• ii. Daniel, m. and removed to the West. 

VII. John BAUM(Daniel, Adam), b. March 
9, 1794 ; d. October 8, 1826 ; m. Rebecca Zim- 
merman. They had issue : 

i. Catharine, m. John Abel. 
ii. Maria, m. Jacob Ha maker. 
Hi. Eliza, d. s. p. 
iv. Margaret, d. s. p. 

V. Mary, m. Gill, of Lebanon 

vi. Louisa, m. Franklin Scott. 


I. John Brubakkr, a native of Switzer- 
land, emigrated to America about the year 
1712, or perchance earlier, as it is stated he 

built the first grist mill in what was after- 
wards Lancaster county. Pa. He settled 
near the present town of Lancaster. He had 
a family of nine sons, of whom we have the 
following : 

i. John, m., 1st, Maria Newcomer; 2d, 

a daughter of Michael Tanner, and 

had issue. 

2. ii. Daniel, m. and left issue. 
Hi. Peter. 

iv. Abraham, m. and left issue. 

3. v. David. 
vi. Christian. 

vii. Henry, 
viii, Jacob. 

II. Daniel Brubaker (John), b. about 
1715, in Lancaster county. Pa.; m. a daugh- 
ter of Michael Tanner. They had issue, 
among others (surname Brubaker) : 

i. Joseph, h. 1741 ; m. Elizabeth Dow- 

III. Abraham Brubaker (.John), resided 
in what is now Clay township, formerly a 
portion of Elizabeth township, Lancaster 
county, Pa. He married and left issue, 
among others (surname Brubaker): 

i. Abraham, m. and had David, John, 

Abraham, Jacob, and Peter, 
ii. John, m. and had John, Jacob, and 

Hi. Daniel, m. and had Daniel and John, 
iv. Christian, m. and had Abraham and 

v. Jacob, m. and had Jacob and John. 

IV. Joseph Brubaker (Daniel, John), b. 
about 1741, in Lancaster county. Pa., d. 
about the year 1808, in Halifax township, 
Dauphin county, Pa. In 1785 he purchased^ 
a large tract of land in then Upper Paxtang 
township, Dauphin county, Pa., and in 1790 
with his family settled thereon. At that 
early period the comforts of civilization were 
few, schools, homes and churches being widely 
scattered ; nevertheless he erected the altar 
of his simple faith (Dunkard) and in that, 
after the manner of his fathers, instructed his 
sons and daughters. Mr. Brubaker m., 1764, 
Elizabeth Downer. They had issue (sur- 
name Brubaker) : 

5. i. Daniel, b. June 6, 1765 ; m., 1st, Catha- 

rine Singer; 2d, Barbara Brubaker. 

6. ii. Elizabeth, h. 1770; m. John Meetch, 


7. Hi. Jacob, b. 1775 ; m. Barbara Bartle. 
iv. Joseph, b. 1779. 

8. V. Ann, b. May 1, 1781 ; m. John Boyer. 



^.^-ei-'i-^-t-o ««^/r?2<i— / 



9. m. Catharine, b. 1790; m. Jacob Bru- 

10. vii. John (twin), b. 1800 ; m. Julia Me- 


V. Daniel Brubaker (Joseph, Daniel, 
John), b. June 6, 1765, in Lancaster county, 
Pa.; d. February 19, 1843, in Halifax, Dau- 
phin county. Pa.; was twice married; 1st, 
Catherine Singer. They had issue (sur- 
name Brubaker) : 

i. Joseph. 

a. Jonathan, m. Eliza Rutter, and had 
John-Rutter, m. Louisa PofFenber- 
Daniel Brubaker m., secondly, Barbara 
Brubaker. They had issue : 

in. Ann, m. S. W. Straw, and had Joseph. 
iv. Maria, m. A. W. Loomis,' and had 
Albert, Daniel, Barbara, and Will- 

VI. Elizabeth Brubaker, (Joseph, 
Daniel, John), b. about 1770; d. April 28, 
1822; m. John Meetch, Jr.,* b. 1761; d. 
1828, son of John Meetch, Sr. They had 
issue (surname Meetch): 

11. i. Joseph-B., b. September 3, 1792; m. 

Alice A. Buchanan. 
a. Rebecca, b. 1795 ; d. July 16, 1829 ; m. 

Thomas Trump, and had Alfred- 

Heaton, d. s. p., and Gyrus. 
Hi. Benjamin, m. Sarah Hoffman, and 

had Frank and Lizzie, m. Daniel 

iv. Daniel. 
V. John, h. 1803. 
vi. Elizabeth, b.l805; d.l847; m. Michael 

*Jolin Meetch, Sr., the son of an Irish magistrate, 
was born in Enniskillen, county Fermanagh, Ire- 
land, in 1724. He received a good education. 
Marrying in opposition to his father, he came with 
his wife to America about 1752, landing at New 
York. Prom thence they went to the headwaters 
of the Susquehanna, finally passing down that river, 
locating on the northern side of Peter's mountain, 
thus being one of the early pioneers of that locality. 
In 1756 his family was driven off by the Indians — 
but returned when the settlers had organized for 
their own defence. In the French and Indian war, 
Mr. Meetch took up arms in aid of the frontiers, 
and when the storm of the Revolution burst upon 
the country he was an active participant, being in 
Capt. John Reed's company during the Jersey cam- 
paign of 1776-7. Mr. Meetch died at his residence 
in 1794, his wife surviving him only a few years. 
They had five children who reached maturity: 
Nancy, m. John Cavet, went to Knoxville, Tenn., 
where she died at the age of ninety ; Mary, m. 

Brown, removed to Westmoreland county, 

Pa.; Bebecca, m. Dunlap, settled in Erie 

county. Pa.; Elizabeth, m. Robert Lyon, removed to 
Northumberland county. Pa., and John, who mar- 
ried and remained on the homestead, as- above. 

Freeburn, and had John-M., m. 
Susan Wickersham. 
12. vii. Ann, b. 1807 ; m. Benjamin Hoon. 
IS.viii. Mary, h. September 25, 1809; m. 

George Carpenter. 
14. ix. Catharine, b. June 7, 1811 ; m. John 
X. Robert, 
xi. Sarah, b. 1817 ; m. Joseph Brubaker. 

Vn. Jacob Brubaker (Joseph, Daniel, 
John), b. 1775; d. prior to 1808; m. Bar- 
bara Bartle, b. 1766; died October 11, 1853, 
in Middletown, Pa., and is buried in the M. 
E. graveyard there. Concerning the wife 
of Jacob Brubaker, we have the following : 
She was of German parentage and born 
in Cumberland county. Pa. Her mother, 
Christiana Bartle, was a woman of strong, 
practicable turn of mind, of good education, 
and possessed of a firm reliance upon divine 
Providence. Her father, Andrew Bartle, re- 
moved to Harper's Ferry, where he remained 
until the outset of the Revolution, when he 
went to near Fort Licking, on the Holstein 
river. A year after their settlement they 
were taken captive by the Indians, and with 
other prisoners marched toward Detroit. 
On the journey the prisoners were separated, 
each party consi.'sting of eight whites and 
nine Indians. Barbara, with her mother 
and sister Wilhelmina, continued together 
until the latter, a delicate girl of fourteen, 
fell by the way exhausted, when one of the 
savages struck her with a tomahawk, and 
scalping her proceeded onward. The an- 
guish of the mother and sister cannot be de- 
scribed. The march was rapid and provi- 
sions scarce, the entire partj^ subsisting for 
three days on a pair of pigeons caught by 
one of 1 heir number. Barbara received from 
her Indian captor kind treatment, and when 
her little feet gave out he carried her upon 
his back until she was rested. When they 
gathered around the campfire after the day's 
march, her mother would take her Bible, 
which she carried with her, and read aloud 
by the light of the blazing logs. Her heroic 
endurance of the hardships of her situation 
had won the admiration of the savages. 
Her reading from " the book " had to them 
an appearance of mystery that to their 
untutored minds savored of the super- 
natural, and when the time came for her to 
read, they were her earnest and reverential 
listeners, while as they expressed it, she 
" made the book talk." When grown to wo- 



manhood Barbara was often heard to say 
that the Indians treated her infinitely better 
than did the British, into whose hands she 
afterwards fell. Arriving at Detroit, they 
were delivered to the British, starved and ill- 
treated, and every indignity and abuse 
heaped upon them by their white captors. 
At the end of six weeks' captivity among 
the Indians, and two years and a half among 
the British, she and her mother were ex- 
changed as prisoners of war. Barbara Bar- 
tie had become a perfect mistress of the arts of 
swimming, diving and skating, and was sub- 
sequently instrumental in saving more than 
one person from a watery grave. She grew 
to be a lovely woman, and afterwards mar- 
ried Jacob Brubaker. They left issue (sur- 
name Brubaker): 

15. i. Joseph, b. August 12, 1797 ; m., first, 
Rachel Frederick ; secondly, Sarah 
ii. Jacob, b. 1800 ; d. 1859. 

VIII. Ann Brubaker (Joseph, Daniel, 
John), b. Mav 1, 1781 ; d. January 1, 1857 ; 
m. John Boyer, b. 1792 ; d. 1860. They had 
issue (surname Boyer) : 

i. Joseph, b. 1817; d. 1875; m. Mary 
Syler, and had David, Joseph, Mary- 
Jane, and Sarah, 
ii. Elizabeth, b. 1819; d. 1844; m. Fred- 
erick Fronk, and had Henry and 
Rebecca. , 
Hi. John, b. 1822 ; m. Jane E. Keagle, and 
had Rebecca, Elizabeth, Mary, Kate, 
Margaret, John-Doivner, and Philip. 

IX. Catharine Brubaker (Joseph, Dan- 
iel, John), b. about 1790; m. Jacob Bru- 
baker, b. December 22, ] 787 ; d. December 
22. 1851. They had issue (surname Bru- 
baker) : 

i. John, m. Maria Clemson, and had 

' William and Lydia. 
ii. Hiram, m. Sarah Umberger, and had 

Rebecca, Benjamin, and Millard. 
Hi. Henry, m. Rebecca Shammo, and had 

Jacob and Samuel, 
iv. Benjamin, m. Barbara Loomis, and 

had Mary-J., Earnest, and Myrtle. 
V. Susanna, 
vi. Mary, 
vii. Isaac, m. Mary Geist, and had John- 

H and Margaret, 
via. Jacob. 

X. John Brubaker (Joseph, Daniel, 
John), b. about 1800 ; d. 1826 ; m. Julia Me- 

haffey, and there was issue (surname Bru- 
baker) : 

i. Elizabeth, m. John Fullwood, and had 
Sarah, Julia, Emma, Charles, John, 
and William. 

ii. Sarah, m. Ebron, and had 

Hi. Henry- Mehaffey, m. Kate Guernsey, 
and had Mary, John, and Stephen. 

XI. Joseph B. Meetch (Elizabeth, Jos- 
eph, Daniel, John), b. September 3, 1792; 
d. December 25, 1875 ; m. Alice Ann Bu- 
chanan. They had issue (surname Meetch): 

i. Mary-R. 

ii. Alice-Ann, m. Herman Chubb, and 
had Ellen, Joseph, Myra, Myrtle, 
Mary, and Harry. 
Hi. William- Buchanan, xn. Mary Sheaffer, 

and had issue Annie and Sarah, 
iv. John. 

XII. Ann Meetch (Elizabeth, Joseph, 
Daniel, John), b. 1807; d. 1854; m. Benja- 
min Hoon ; and had issue (surname Hoon): 

i. John, m. Livingston, and had 

John and Justina. 
ii. Joseph-E, m. and had Clarence, John, 

and Joseph. 
Hi. Harriett-E., m. George English, and 

had Emma, George, Clara, and 

iv. Sarah. 

V. Annie- Clara, m. John Metzger. 
vi. Mary, 
vii. Benjamin. 

XIII. Mary Meetch (Elizabeth, Joseph, 
Daniel, John), b. September 25, 1809 ; d. Jan- 
uary 26, 1879; m. George Carpenter. They 
had issue (surname Carpenter): 

i. James-B., b. August 11, 1830 ; m. 
Mary Garman, and had James, 
America, and Allen. 

ii. Lizzie-M., b. November 3, 1832 ; d. 
September 25, 1857 ; m. Stiles Dun- 
can, and had Mary and Harry. 

ii. Charles-B. 

iv. Thomas-B., b. April 16, 1838; m. 
Emma F. Brubaker, and h&d. Sarah, 
Benton and Duncan. 

V. John-H. 

vi. Oeorge-W., b. July 4, 1842; m. Sallie 
Fyson, and had Bruce and Walter. 

XIV. Catharine Meetch (Elizabeth, 
Joseph, Daniel, John), b. June 7, 1811 ; m., 
April 8, 1830, John Frederick; b. May 6, 
1806. They had issue (surname Frederick) : 



i. Emma, m. William Wilson, 
n. Marion. 
Hi. Kate. 

iv. Clara, m. Isaac Shivers. 
V. John- W., m. Mary Powell, and had 

vi. Ella. 
vii. Annie. 

via. Walton, m. Ziegler. 

ix. Charles, in. Annie (Powell) Frederick. 

XV. Joseph Brubaker (Jacob, Joseph, 
Daniel, John), b. August 12, 1797 ; d. March 
31, 1871 ; was a justice of the peace fiftf^en 
years, and for a long period postmaster at 
Halifax ; he was a gentlemen of integrity, 
uprightness, and was liberal and liumane to 
the poor and unfortunate. He was twice 
married; first to Rachel Frederick, who 
died in 1828, leaving no issue; secondly 
August 16, 1835, Sarah Meetch, b. 1817; d. 
November 27, 1880. They had issue (sur- 
name Brubaker) : 

i. Sarah-L., m. C. E. McFarland, and 
had Virginia, Bruce, Mabel, Laura, 
and Walter, 
ii. John- Meetch. 

Hi. Emma-F., m. Thomas B. Carpenter, 

and had Sarah, Benton, and Duncan. 

iv. Lillie-K., m. J. Wesley Straw, and 

had John. 
V. Joseph- W. 
vi. James-H. 
vii. Charles-E. 

Clark, of Clark's Valley. 

William Clark, the first of the name to 
settle in this country, was of Scotch-Irish de- 
scent, and came to America in 1728. He 
settled in then Chester county, Province of 
Pennsylvania, and died there. His son, 
William, was born in Pennsylvania, and 
after reaching manhood, with his family 
settled in what was at first called the " Nar- 
rows of Paxtang," then Upper Paxtang 
township, Dauphin county, in a valley about 
two miles from the Susquehanna river, giv- 
ing to the valley and tlie creek the name of 
Clark, which they still retain. The farm on 
which they settled is yet known as the Clark 
farm, although it has passed into other 
hands. After residing there a number of 
years he rented his farm and migrated to 
Northumberland county, in this State, where 
he bought a farm, and lived there until com 

pelled to leave on account of the hostile at- 
titude of the Indians, which caused the 
" Great Runaway " of 1778-79. They buried 
all their farming implements, lashed two 
canoes together and taking some few clothes 
with them, sailed down the Susquehanna 
river, and thus escaped the savages. They 
then returned to Middle Paxtang, where the 
second William died. His children were as 
follows : 

i. Robert. 
ii. John. 
Hi. James, 
iv. William. 
V. Jane, 
vi. Love, 
vii. Sarah, 
via. Elizabeth. 

Robert, the eldest of the children, was 
never married. He lived the greater part 
of his life in Dauphin county, and finally 
died in Perry county. 

John, the second son, and Jane, the eldest 
of the girls, lived on a farm about one mile 
up Clark's Valley. Neither of them were 
married ; they lived to a good age and died 
on the farm where they had lived. 

James, the third son, was never married, 
and died when a young man. 

Love, the second daughter, married James 
Hines. They at one time resided at Erie, 
Pa., and from there removed to Indianapolis, 
Ind., or in that neighborhood. 

Sarah, the third daughter, married Moses 
Gladding and lived most of her life in 
Clark's Valley. 

Elizabeth, the youngest of the sisters, mar- 
ried Richard Green, a son of Col. Timothy 
Green. They had two children, Timothy 
and Jane. 

William Clark, the youngest son, was 
born February 18, 1774. He left home after • 
he became of age and went to the western 
part of the State, and settled in Crawford 
county, near what is now Meadville, Pa. 
He there married Miss Sarah Patterson in 
1802. He was elected associate judge of 
Crawford county, and was in the war of 1812 
and '14, when he was appointed brigade in- 
spector of the Western district of Pennsyl- 
vania. He rendered service in forwarding 
men and supplies to Erie ; was on board the 
flagship St. Lawrence in her first engage- 
ment with the British fleet on Lake Erie. 
He was appointed by Governor Findlay 
secretary of the Land Office, which position 



he held from May 11, 1818, to May 11, 1821. 
He was chosen by the Legislature to the 
office of State treasurer and served from 
1821 to 1827. He was elected to Congress 
from the district composed of Dauphin and 
Lebanon counties. Was appointed by the 
President, Treasurer of the United States, 
his commission signed by John Quincy 
Adams, President, and Henry Clay, Secre- 
tary of State, is dated June 4, 1828 ; and 
held the office until the election of Andrew 
Jackson as President. He spent the most of 
his time in Dauphin county and died March 
28, 1851, aged 77 years. His children were: 

i. Pataline. 

ii. William. 
Hi. John. 

iv. James. 

V. Sarah. 

vi. Margaret. 

vii. Elizabeth, b. January 6, 1817. 
via. Anna, b. April 29, 1819; d. December 
4, 1888. 

ix. Jane, b. October 7, 1821 ; d. young. 

X. Ellen, b. November 15, 1823. 

xi. Jefferson. 
Pataline married David Steel, who lived 
near New Buffalo, in Perry county. Mr. 
Steel died shortly after they were married, 
and left one daughter, Sarah-F., who mar- 
ried Philip B. Greenawalt, with whom Mrs. 
Steel lived until her death, which occurred 
June 15, 1882. Her grandchildren were 
(surname Greenawalt) : 
i. William- Clarh. 

ii. Bertha-May, d. s. p. 

Hi. Philip-Herbert. 

iv. Alice, d. s. p. 

V. Mary-Ehrman. 
William, Jr., was born March 3, 1805 ; he 
never married; represented Dauphin county 
in the State Legislature, and filled many 
positions of trust; died at his home in Dau- 
phin May 19, 1870. 

John, born February 20, 1807, lived most 
of his life in Crawford county ; was a major 
in the State militia, and engaged in the tan- 
ning business. He d. April 29, 1876. He 
married Sophia Atkinson, and their children 

i. Sarah, m. F. H. Bern is. 

ii. Anna, m. H. Sheppardson. 
Hi. William, d. s. p. 

iv. Thomas, killed in the battle of the 

V. James, d, s. p. 

TO. Henry-Clay, living in the West. 

Jairies, born October 21, 1809, graduated 
from West Point and was a captain in the 
regular army, which position he resigned to 
study theology; he died in 1886 at George- 
town, D. C, at the university of that name. 
Sarah was born December 18, 1811, and 
died at the age of 19 years. 

Margaret, born May 3, 1814, married Will- 
iam J. Robinson, of Dauphin. She died 
February 21, 1874. Their children were : 
i. Charles, d. s. p. 
ii. Elizabeth, m. Preston Miller. 
Hi. Sarah. 

iv. Anna-Clark, ra. Capt. J. F. Wilson, 
i;. William, d. s. p. 
vi. Margaret, 
vii. Rev. Edwin-P. 
via. Ellen, d. s. p. 
ix. Harry-Justice, d. s. p. 
X. James-Weir. 
Jefferson, the youngest of the family, was 
born August 15, 1826 ; was engaged in the 
mercantile business for years; was post- 
master for a long time and one of the first 
elders in the Presbyterian church at Dau- 
phin. He married, in 1855, Miss Margaret 
Kimmel, of Shippensburg, daughter of 
George Kimmel, Esq. Their children were: 
i. Dr. Charles-Henry, m. May Zacharias. 
ii. Dr. William-Patterson, m. Kate S. 
Hi. Oeorge-Kimmel, d. s. p. 
iv. Edwin-Robinson, d. s. p. 
V. Horace-Moore, 
vi. Thom,as- Cummin, 
vii. Mabel. 

The Cochrans of Paxtang. 

I. John Cochran,* of the house of Dun- 
donald, crossed over from Paisley in Scotland 
to the Province of Ulster, Ireland, about. 
1570 — perhaps a little earlier. From him 
descended James Cochran*, whose second 
son was Robert and fourth son John'. 
Robert Cochran had a son Robert, called 
" Deaf Robert." From John' we have 
James^ and in the subsequent generation 
Robert^ called "Honest Robert." He had 
James, Stephen, and David of the sixth gen- 
eration, who came to Pennsylvania and 
settled on the Octoraro, in Chester county. 
Concerning Stephen and David we have 
meager information. James Cochran' mar- 
ried his kinswoman, Isabella, daughter 
of " Deaf Robert." James Cochran died in 



1766 — his wife some years later. They had 
issue : 

i. Ann,h. 1724; m., 1st, Alex. Leckey; 

2d, Rev. John Roan. 
ii. Robert, b. 1726 ; left a daughter, Isa- 
Hi. James, b. 1728 ; d. in April, 1768. 
iv. John, b. September 1, 1730 ; was Dr. 
Joiin Cochran, surgeon general of 
the Revolution, and an intimate 
friend of Washington; d. April 6, 
1807; m., December 4, 1760, Ger- 
trude Schuyler, sister to Gen. Philip 
Schuyler, of the Revolution. 
V. Stephen, b. 1732. 

m. Jane, b. 1734 ; m. Rev. Alexander 
2. vii. George, b. 1736. 

II. George Cochran (J^mes, Robert, 
James, John, James, John), the youngest son 
of James and Isabella Cochran, was born 
about 1736, on the Octoraro, Chester county. 
Pa. He settled on the Swatara, where he 
died about 1770. He married Annie Henry, 
daughter of Rev. James Henry, a Presbyte- 
rian minister, who came from the north of 
Ireland and settled at Pomoco, Md., about 
1739. She died on the Swatara. They 
had issue : 

i. Israel, m. Isabel Hammel, and left one 

daughter, Jean ; she married 

Reaznor, of Erie county, in 1808, 
and died a few years after her mar- 
riage. Mr. Hammel, after his wife's 
death, removed to Ohio, leaving his 
daughter Jean with her uncle, 
John Cochran. 
ii. Sarah, m. William Robertson ; re- 
moved to Danville, Montour county, 
Pa., where they died, leaving issue : 
John, Isabella, James, William, 
Samuel, Jane, and Mary. 
Hi. Jean, m. William Thompson, and re- 
moved to Buffalo Valley, where 
they lived until their death. They 
had Nancy, James, and Ruth. 
James became a Presbyterian clergy- 
man, and was connected with the 
Huntingdon Presbytery. 
iv. John, h. 1761 ; spent his earliest years 
in Chester county, among his fa- 
ther's friends, where he received a 
good education and studied survey- 
ing. In 1792 he removed to North- 
umberland county, now Union 
county; from thence to Erie county 

in 1796 as deputy surveyor under 
Thomas Rees, who was the first 
State surveyor appointed by the 
Land Department of the Common- 
wealth for that county. Mr. Coch- 
ran surveyed and laid out the 
Erie and Waterford Reservations 
with tracts and farms in 1796-7. 
He purchased tracts 30 and 70 of 
the Erie reserve, and removed his 
family there in 1799. In 1800 he 
built a rude saw and grist mill on 
Mill creek, where is Dinsmore's 
mill, now Stewart's. Gov. McKean 
appointed Mr. Cochran deputy sur- 
veyor of Erie county, July 9, 1801, 
and subsequently, July 5, 1803, one 
of the associates judges of the 
coun ty . He was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Snyder secretary of the Land 
Office in 1809 ; removed to Lancas- 
ter with his family, and afterwards 
to Harrisburg. He held the office 
nine years, when he returned to his 
home in Mill Creek, near Erie. He 
lived on this farm until his death, 
May 1, 1836. Judge Cochran's wife 
was Sarah Lattimore ; she died about 
1840. They had two sons: George, 
who died in December, 1827, un- 
married, and Robert, who married, 
about 1820, Eliza Justice, by whom 
he had nine children. RobertCoch- 
ran was appointed by President 
Jackson, postmaster of Erie, Feb- 
ruary 26, 1833, filled it seven years ; 
and was again appointed by Presi- 
dent Polk, July 23, 1845, holding 
the office four years. He died on 
the old Cochran farm, in South Erie, 
December 9, 1869, aged seventy 
V. Annie, b. August 16, 1763, in now 
Dauphin county. Pa., d. April 12, 
1857. at Winchester, Tenn.; mar- 
ried in 1787, Sankey Dixon, son of 
John and Arabella Dixon, born in 
1762 in Londonderry township, 
Dauphin county. Pa. ; died at Knox- 
ville, Tenn., November 11, 1812, at 
the age of fifty. 
In the Paxtang assessment, north end, for 
1749, the earliest we have, appear the names 
of William, Andrew, George, and John Coch- 
ran. Of George and his descendants we have 
spoken. The others were probably children 
of David or Stephen, previously referred to. 



Later we find the names of Samuel, James, 
and William. 

Andrew Cochran, of Paxtang, died at an 
advanced age in November, 1775 ; his estate 
was bequeathed to his children, his wife 
having previously deceased : 

i. Margaret, m., August 17, 1756,Thomas 

ii. Jean, m. Campbell. 

Hi. Mary, m., November, 1774, Robert 

iv. Sarah, m. — '■ Chambers. 

V. John-. 
vi. Andrew, 
vii. William. 

Samuel Cochran, b. in 1732 ; d. April 8, 
1816, in Middle Paxtang. He was a private 
in Captain Rutherford's company of asso- 
ciators in 1776 and 1777. He left a wife 
Margaret, and had issue as follows : 

i. l_A dau.l, m. John Hatfield, and had 

Margaret and John, 
ii. Margaret. 
Hi. Jane, 
iv. Martha, m. William Forster, and had 

V. Isabella, m. Philip Reichart. 
vi. Rachel. 
vii. William. 

James Cochran was probably a son of 
Andrew Cochran, b. in 1742; d. July 16, 
1822, and is buried in, Paxtang. He was a 
private in Captain Rutherford's company of 
associators in 1776. He married, November 
22, 1770, Mary Montgomery, of Paxtang, b. 
in 1744 ; d. August 6, 1803, and is also in- 
terred in Paxtang. They had issue, among 
others : 

i. John, b. 1773 ; d. November 16, 1845; 
m. Hannah Cowden, b. 1778; d. 
May 31, 1850. 
ii. Andrew. 
Hi. Jane, m. Henry Peffer. 

John Cochran, a soldier of Captain Mur- 
ray's company of the Revolution, died in 
November, 1789; his wife Caroline died 
in April, 1804. They had John, who had 
issue : Lydia, Caroline, Ann, m. Jeremiah 
Crain, and Jamison. 

We have the following disconnected data: 

William Cochran, b. 1780; d. April 26, 
1840 ; m., January 11, 1810, Rachel, daughter 
of Christian Gross. 

Samuel Cochran, Jr., was a private in 
Capt. John Rutherford's company of asso- 

ciators in 1776. He married, December 11, 
1770, Mary Sherer, of Paxtang. His daugh- 
ter Margaret married, October 20, 1803, 
David Mitchell, of Cumberland county. 

Jacob Cochran, of Chester county, died 
prior to 1785. His children, minors, Jacob, 
David, John, and Mary, were then residing in 
Dauphin county. David died January 21, 
1809. John married, March 3, 1804, Mary 
Hart, of Middle Paxtang. 

Samuel Cochran, of Chester county, 
was surveyor general of Pennsylvania from 
1800 to 1809. He died at Cochranville, 
Chester county. Pa., May 3, 1829. His son 
Samuel, b. 1797; d. September 5, 1821, at 

Among the Rev. John Roan's marriages 
are the following : 

Margaret Cochran and Thomas Wiley, 
August 17, 1756. 

Janet Cochran and Robert Whitely, April 
24, 1759. 

Martha Cochran and Andrew Caldwell, 
October 1, 1771. 

Martha Cochran and James Robinson, 
September 12, 1769. 

Mary Cochran and Robert Whitehill, 
November 1, 1774. 

The Crawpords, of Hanover. 

I. Robert Crawford, of Scotch parent- 
age, born in county Donegal, Ireland, emi- 
grated to America prior to 1728, with sev- 
eral of his sons : 

i. James, who settled in Paxtang town- 
ship, and had surveyed to him in 
March, 1738, 258 acres of laud on 
the bank of the Susquehanna river, 
adjoining Robert and William 
Renick's land. This location was 
subsequently secured by Joseph 
Chambers, James locating in Hano- 
ver township. 

ii. Robert, settled in Hanover. 

Hi. Hugh, settled in Hanover. 

2. iv. William, settled in Drumore town- 

ship, Lancaster county. 

3. V. John, settled in Hanover. 

II. William Crawford (Robert), d. in 
June, 1767, in Drumore township, Lancaster 
county. Pa., leaving a wife Violet, and chil- 
dren as follows : 

i. John, 
ii. Agnes, m. Robert Mcllhenny. 



Hi. Isabel, m. William Moore. 
iv. Elizabeth, m. John Crawford. 
V. Robert. 
vi. Margaret. 

III. John Crawford (Kobert), emigrated 
to Pennsylvania with his family and friends 
prior to 1728 ; he married, and had issue 
among others : 

4. i. James, b. 1730 ; m., 1st, Rosanna Alli- 

son ; 2d, Agnes McDonald. 

5. ii. John, b. 1736; m. Elizabeth Crawford. 

6. Hi. Richard, b. 1740; m. Elizabeth . 

IV. James Crawford (John, Robert), b- 
1730, in Hanover, seems to have removed to 
the West Branch in Northumberland county 
about 1770. He was a member of the con- 
vention of July, 1776, which framed the first 
Constitution of the State, and on the 8th of 
October following commissioned major of 
Col. Wm. Cooke's regiment of the Pennsyl- 
vania Line. He resigned October 12, 1777, 
on account of being deprived of his rank, 
but proposed to serve through the contest at 
his own expense. He afterwards filled the 
offices of sheriff, commissioner and justice of 
the peace. He died about 1812 or 1813 and 
was buried in the old Pine Creek burying 
ground, near Jersey Shore. 

Major Crawford was twice married, first, to 
Rosanna Allison, daughter of John and 
Ann Allison, of Lancaster county. She 
was a superior woman. ' Her sister, Marga- 
ret Allison, a notable woman in her day, 
married Col. Hugh White, a soldier of the 
Revolution, who lived near Chatham's Run, 
Lycoming county, and from whom are de- 
scended the Whites of Williamsport and 
Wellsboro'. Through the first marriage of 
Major Crawford comes the connection with 
the Allisons of the Juniata Valley, one of 
whom, Robert, was a distinguished lawyer, a 
captain in the Black Hawk war of 1812, and 
subsequently a member of Congress. The 
children of James Crawford and Rosanna 
Allison, all born in Hanover, were : 

i. John, who served in the war of the 
Revolution ; went to the lower 
Mississippi, where he died, unmar- 
ii. Robert, who married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Michael Quigley. Through 
her comes the relationship with the 
Quigleys, Cranes, Custards, Deis 

and others. Robert was palsied 
late in life, and died about 1836 
aged seventy-six. He was buried 
in the Pine Creek burying ground. 
His children were: Ann, m. Levi 
Packer ; Oeorge, m. Mrs. Elizabeth 
Weitzel White; Nancy, m. Hugh 
White; Frances, xn. Robert Shaw; 
James- Allison; and Eliza, m. 
Thomas Condon. 

Hi. Thomas, removed to North East, Erie 
county, Pa., where his descendants 

iv. Ann, m. Benjamin Walker, whose de- 
scendants live at Laporte, Ind. 

Major Crawford married, secondly, Agnes 
McDonald, daughter of Captain McDonald, 
of Cumberland county. She survived her 
husband several years and is buried in Pine 
Creek graveyard. They had one daughter, 
Elizabeth, who removed after the death of 
her mother to Erie county, where she died 
many years ago, unmarried. 

V. John Crawford (John, Robert), b. 
1736, in Hanover township; d. April 8, 1789, 
in Hanover, and buried in the old Hanover 
church graveyard ; m. his cousin, Elizabeth 
Crawford, b. in Drumore township, Lancas- 
ter county, Pa.; d. June, 1824, in Hanover, 
and there buried. They had issue : 

i. MiZm7^,d. November, 1829; m. Patty 

ii. Ann, m. Samuel Finney ; d. Decem- 
ber, 1823. 
Hi. Violet, d. April, 1844. 

iv. Mattie (Martha), a character in her 
day; d. 1842. 

V. John, d. February 18, 1811. 

VI. Richard Crawford (John, Robert), 
b. about 1740 in Hanover; d. in 1813 at the 
residence of his daughter, Ann Wilson, in 
Anthony township, Columbia, now Montour 
county, Pa., whither he removed upon the 
death of his wife; was buried in Warrior 
Run graveyard. He m., in 1765, Elizabeth 
, b. in 1745 ; d. June 12, 1810, in Han- 
over, and there buried. They had issue : 

t. Paul, b. 1766. 

it. James, b. 1768 ; m. Mary Finney. 
Hi. Ann, b. 1772; m. Hugh Wilson. 
iv. Elizabeth, b. 1776 ; m. Rev. John 
Moody, who died at Shippensburg. 
V. Mary, m. Robert Moody. 



The Endebs Family. 

I. Philip Christian Enders, b. July 22, 
1740, in Braunsigweiler, District of Zugen- 
heim, Nassau, Germany ; d. February 26, 
1809, in Halifax township, Dauphin county, 
Pa. After completing his education he en- 
tered the military service of his sovereign, 
William Heinrich, Prince of Nassau, partici- 
pating in numerous battles of the " Seven 
Years' War." For gallantry and other sol- 
dierly qualities he was promoted to a cap- 
taincy in the Royal cavaliy. He subse- 
quently resigned his commission, and on 
May 13, 1764, married Anna Degen, daugh- 
ter of Conrad Degen, of Sippertsfield, Nassau. 
A few months later he came to America, ac- 
companied by his bride. His first settle- 
ment was in Philadelphia, and later in this 
part of then Lancaster county. In 1788 he 
purchased a tract of over 1,300 acres of land 
in Upper Paxtang township. On this he 
permanently located, and here his last years 
peacefully passed away. He was one of the 
founders of Fetterhoff church, erected the 
first saw mill in the valley, taught the first 
school, and bore a leading part in many 
other enterprises. In 1796 his wife and eld- 
est son, John Philip, died and were buried a 
few rods from the cabin of the old settler. 
Thirteen years later the husband and father 
was laid by their side. He lived a long, use- 
ful and honored life, and his descendants 
have cause to thank God that their ancestor 
deserves their reverence, respect and grati- 
tude. His children were : 

i. John-Henry, b. 1765 ; d. s. p. 

2. ii. John-Philip, b. April 26, 1766 ; m. 

Elizabeth . 

Hi. Margaret, b. April 21, 1768 ; d. s. p. 

3. iv. Ann- Elizabeth, b. December 15, 1769 ; 

m., first, Adam Kreeger; secondly, 
John Shoener. 
V. \_A sonl, b. July, 1771 ; d. s. p. 

4. vi. George-Michael, b. July 12, 1772 ; m. 

Elizabeth Crum. 
vii. John-George, b. March 11, 1774; d. 
1825 in Dauphin county ; m. Cath- 
arine Bowman, and left a large 
via. \^A son'\, b. April, 1776 ; d. s. p. 

5. ix. Margaret- Martha (called Eva Margaret 

in her father's will), b. January 24, 
1778 ; m. Isaac Baughman. 
X. Christiana, h. July 24,1779; m. John 
Miller, and their numerous descend- 
ants are scattered over many States. 
xi. Susannah, b. February 12, 1781 ; d. s. p. 

xii. Catharine, b. March 25, 1783 ; d. in. 
1844 ; m. Peter Phillips ; a num- 
ber of their children live in Bell- 
ville, 0.; he was a soldier in the 
war of 1812-14 ; removed to Ohio 
in 1839, but after the death of his 
wife returned to Pennsylvania, 
where he died October 2, 1860. 

xiii. l^A son^, b. January 11, 1785 ; d. s. p. 

xiv. John-Conrad (twin), b. January 11, 
1785 ; d. December 5, 1874; he in- 
herited the old homestead which is 
now in the possession of his young- 
est son, Daniel. 

II. John Philip Enders (Pliilip-Chris- 
tian), b. April 26, 1766, in Philadelphia ; d. 
October, 1794, in Dauphin county; m. Eliz- 
abeth ; and had children : 

6. i. Philip, b. August 15, 1790 ; m. Anna 
il. Susanna, b. June 25, 1791 ; m. Leonard 
Peters ; of their descendants, nearly 
all reside in Pennsylvania. 
Hi. John, b. August 25, 1792 ; went West 
when young, and all trace of him 

III. Anna Elizabeth Enders (Philip- 
Christian), b. December 15, 1769, in Lan- 
caster county. Pa.; d. in Crawford county, 
Ohio, many years ago; m., first, Adam 
Kreeger; a tailor by trade, who died in 
Cumberland county. Pa.; and there was 
issue (surname Kreeger): 

i. John, d. in 1878, s. p.; was a minister 
in the Church of God. 

ii. Jacob, d. April 7, 1850, in Gallon, 
Ohio ; m. Anna Campbell, and had 
issue, besides four children d. in in- 
fancy (surname Kreeger): 

1. Sarah-Jane, b. January 22, 

1828; m. John Hindman. 

2. Elizabeth-F., b. September 7, 

1829; m. Milton Fenders; 
reside in Indiana. 

3. Jacob-C, b. May 21, 1833; re- 

sides in New Orleans. 

4. Jeremiah- W., b. April 11, 1838 ; 

m. Prudence Love ; reside in 

5. Mary-A., h. April 7, 1842 ; m. 

William Angle. 

6. Benjamin-F., b. April 22, 1843; 

m. Sarah A. Scott ; reside in 
Gallon, Ohio. 

7. Joseph-R, h. January 15,1845; 




8. Amanda-J., b. January 11, 
1847 ; m. John "Warden. 
Hi. Margaret, m. Michael Watson. 
iv. Elizabeth, m. John Rose. 
Mrs. Kreeger afterwards m. John Shoener, 
a clock maker; they emigrated to Ohio, 
where they both deceased ; no children. 

IV. George Michael Endees (Philip- 
Christian), b. July 12, 1772 ; d. October, 1831, 
in Dauphin county. Pa.; m. Elizabeth Crura, 
and had issue : 

i. Jacob, d. March 16, 1857, s. p. 

a. Elizabeth, b. October 25, 1799 ; m. 
Christian Zimmerman, and had 
eleven children. 

Hi. Catharine, m. Michael Hummel ; had 
one son. 

iv. Sarah, b. February 18, 1810 ; m. Fred- 
erick Eberween ; resided in Winter- 
set, Iowa. 

V. William, b. April 28, 1812 ; m. and 
resided in Harrisburg. 

V. Margaret Martha Enders (Philip- 
Christian), b. January 24, 1778 ; d. March 
29, 1864, in Ohio ; m. Isaac Baughman, d. 
July 25,1869, in Knox county, Ohio, whence 
he emigrated with his family in 1848; was 
a miller by trade. They had issue (surname 

i. John, b. June 3, 1802 ; d. near Cham- 
bersburg, Pa.; m. and had a large 

ii. Samuel, h. January 30, 1804 ; a son, 
Jeremiah, resides at Fort Wayne, 

Hi. Elizabeth, b. January 28, 1807 ; m. 
John Ventling, and had seven chil- 

iv. Margaret, b. March 4, 1809 ; m. 

Reed ; resided at Mt. Vernon, Ohio. 

V. Sarah, b. February 5, 1811 ; m. Peter 

vi. Mary, b. June 21, 1812; m. Rev. Sol- 
omon McHenry; had seven chil- 
vii. Catharine, b. March 29, 1814; m. 
Wingert, and had six chil- 
via. Isaac, b. July 5, 1817 ; d. January 15, 
1883; m., and left three children. 

ix. Rosanna, b. March 14, 1818 ; resided 
at Chambersburg, Pa. 

X. William-C, b. March 15, 1822; was a 
miller ; m. Frances Wingert, and 
had twelve children. 

VI. Philip Enders (John-PhiHp, Philip- 

Christian), b. August 15, 1790 ; d. 1874, in 
Genesee county, Mich.; removed to Erie 
county, N. Y., in 1827, and shortly after to 
Genesee county, Mich.; m. Anna Hummel, 
and there was issue : 

i. Sarah, m. William Myers. 
ii. Lucy, m. Benjamin Ineasly. 
Hi. Samuel, m. Nancy Rhodes. 
iv. Jeremiah, m., and resides in Australia. 
V. George- W.,jn., and resides in Genesee 

county,' Mich. 
vi. Elizabeth, m. B. Brosius. 
vii. Norman, a farmer living in Genesee 

county, Mich. 
via. Mary-A., m. Abraham Mastin. 
ix. Harry-H., m., and resides in Michigan. 
X. Martha, d. in infancy. 
xi. Almeda, d. in infancy. 
xii. Franklin, d. s. p. 

Fahnestock Family. 

I. DiEDRiCK Fahnestock, son of Laborius 
Fahnestock was born February 2, 1696, in 
Halten in the district of Hagen, Province of 
Westphalia, Prussia, emigrated to America 
in 1726, first settled on the Raritan, New 
Jersey, but a few years later we find him 
at Ephrata, now Lancaster count}'^. Pa. 
He subsequently took up a tract of three 
hundred and twenty-nine acres of land 
which was surveyed to him October 12, 
1735. He died in Cocalico township on the 
10th of October, 1775, his will being proved 
January 22, 1776. Diedrick Fahnestock 
married prior to his emigration to America, 
Anna Margaretta Hertz, b. July 23, 1702; d. 
September 29, 1783. Of their children the 
two eldest were born on the old homestead 
at Halten on the Rhine. One sister accom- 
panied the family, Elizabeth, who married 
Henry Dierdorf at Amwell, N. J.; subse- 
quently another sister, Armella, came to 
America — she united with the Seventh Day 
Baptist society at Ephrata. " It was not for 
the comforts of this life," wrote Diedrick 
Fahnestock, " but in the hope of finding 
people of more congenial religious faith," 
that induced him to emigrate to Pennsyl- 
vania, and he found them at Ephrata. His 
family were: 

2. i. Casper, b. April 11, 1724, m. Maria 
Catharine Gleim. 
H. Andrew, b. 1726, d. on ship- 
board, near the American coast, 
and buried in New York. 



3. in. Peter, b. March 3, 1730, m. Elizabeth 


4. iv. Diedrick, h. December 25, 1733 ; m. 

Esther Bauman. 

5. V. John, b. 1735 ; m., first, Rebecca 

Groff; secondly, Catharine Studa- 

6. vi. Daniel, b. 1793 ; m., first, Ellen Lustin ; 

secondly, Catharine Rider. 
vii.Joseba, b. 1742; d. June 20, 1816; 
m. John Urie. 

7. via. Benjamin, b. May 2, 1747 ; m., first, 

Catharine Garber ; secondly, Chris- 
tiana Underwood. 

8. ix. Borius, b. May 9, 1744; m. Elizabeth 


II. Casper Fahnestock (Diedrick), b. 
April 1], 1724, in Halten-on-the-Rhine ; d. 
August 17, 1808, in Lancaster county. Pa.; 
m., about 1760, Maria Catharine Gleim, b. 
1739; d. August 5, 1805, in Lancaster 
county. Pa.; daughter of John Godfreid 
Gleim, of Wiesbaden, Germany. They had 
issue : 

9. i. CAarZes,b. February 1,1761; m. Susan 

a. Daniel, b. January 11, 1763 ; d. May 

30, 1830; unm. 
Hi. Esther, b. 1766 ; d. 1844 ; m. Casper 

iv. Diedrick. b. March 14, 1771 ; d. Janu- 
ary 18, 1821 ; unm. 
V. Catharine, b. March 3, 1774; d. Au- 
gust 9, 1853; m. Solomon Gorgas. 

III. Peter Fahnestock (Diedrick), b. 
March 3, 1730, in Cocalico township, Lan- 
caster county. Pa.; d. September 15, 1805 ; 
m. Elizabeth Bolthouser. They had issue : 

i. Sarah, b. April 30, 1758; d. January 
30, 1792; unm. 

10. a. Samuel, b. March 27, 1761 ; m., first, 

Hannah Studebaker ; secondly, 
Eleanor Sweigart. 

11. Hi. Conrad, h. July 19, 1763 ; m. Mary 

iv. Hannah, h. October 8, 1767 ; d. Janu- 
ary 16, 1844 ; m. John Landis. 

12. V. Obed, b. July 25, 1770 ; m. Anna 

Maria Gessell. 
vi. Margaretta, b. March 5, 1772; d. June 
12, 1847 ; m. Benj. Konigmacher. 
vii. Peter, b. 1776. 

via. Elizabeth, b. March 24, 1779 ; d. May 
20, 1837; m. Dr. Daniel Fahne- 
ix. Andrew] b. November 29, 1781; d. 

February 5, 1863; was a Seventh 
Day Baptist preacher; m. Marga- 
ret Graver, and had issue : 

IV. Diedrick Fahnestock (Diedrick ), b. 
December 25, 1733, in Cocalico township, 
Lancaster county. Pa.; d. December 20, 1805; 
m. Esther Bauman, b. May 27, 1740, at 
Ephrata ; d. December 6, 1792. They had 
issue : 

i. Mary, b. October 2, 1762 ; m., first, 

Rudisell ; secondly, George 


13. ii. Samuel, b. March 16, 1764; m. Re- 

becca Baker. 
Hi. Anna, b. July 31, 1765. 
iv. Esther, b. April 26, 1767; d. Decem- 
ber 6, 1792 ; m. Jacob Kimmel. 
V. Margaret, b. December 8, 1768; m. 

John Bauman. 
vi. Joseba, b. December 2, 1770; d. s. p. 
vii. Peter, b. April 4, 1772 ; m. Susan 
Bauman, and had issue. 
via. Daniel, b. December 18, 1773 ; d. July 
29, 1829; m. Elizabeth Fahnestock, 
b. 1779 ; d. May 31, 1837, and had 
ix. Joseba, b. July 18, 1775 ; m. John Hay. 
X. Susanna, b. March 8, 1777 ; m., first, 

Michael Pfoutz; secondly, 

xi. Christiana, b. September 11, 1780. 
xii. John, b. September 21, 1781 ; d. 1827; 
m. Mary Bush, b. 1799 ; d. March 
10, 1840, and had issue. 
xiii. Salome, b. December 30,1784; d.l803. 

V. John Fahnestock (Diedrick), b. 1735, 
in Cocalico township, Lancaster county, Pa.; 
d. May 22, 1812, at Pittsburgh; m., first, in 
1766, Rebecca Groff, d. January 12, 1773. 
They had issue : 

i. Molly, b. 1767 ; m. C. Studebaker. 

14. ii. Jacob, b. December 5, 1769 ; m. Sa- 

lome Fahnestock. 

15. Hi. Henry, b. March 6, 1772 ; m. Elizabeth 

John Fahnestock (Diedrick) m., secondly, 
Catharine Studebaker, b. 1745 ; d. May 13, 
1822, at Pittsburgh. They had issue : 

iv. Rebecca, b. July 7, 1775 ; d. Decem- 
ber 3, 1832; m. Joseph Konig- 
v.Hanna, b. 1780; d. 1866; m. Jacob 

VI. Daniel Fahnestock (Diedrick), b. 
1739 in Cocalico township, Lancaster county. 



Pa.; m., first, in 1773, Ellen Lustin, and they 
had issue: 

16. i. Daniel, b. February 23, 1774; m. 

Elizabeth Rider. 

17. a. William, b. 1776 ; m. Esther Rider. 
Hi. Mary, b. 1777; m. Joseph Hallopter. 
iv. Sarah, b. 1778 ; m. Andrew Trummus. 

V. Esther, h. April 13, 1779 ; d. April 18, 
1855 ; m. Frederick Rider. 
Daniel Fahnestock m., secondly, Catharine 
Rider, and had issue : 

vi. Margaret, m. Daniel Bollinger. 
vii. Barbara, 
via. Frederick, 
ix. Eleanor, d. August 22, 1840; m. M. 

z. Joseph, d. s. p. 

VII. Benjamin Fahnestock (Diedrick), 
b. May 2, 1747, in Cocalico township, Lan- 
caster county, Pa.; d. February 27, 1820, in 
Adams county. Pa.; m., 1st, October 9, 1770, 
Catharine Garber, b. February 26, 1750; d. 
July 17, 1793. They had issue : 

18. i. George, b. September 7, 1772 ; m., 1st, 

Mary Aughenbaugh ; 2d, Barbara 

19. a. John, b. July 8, 1774; m. Catharine 

Hi. Margaret, h. May 19, 1776. 

20. iv. Henry, b. April 22, 1778; m. Catha- 

rine Latshaw. 

V. Esther, b. March 22, 1780. 

vi. Christiana, b. June 7, 1782 ; m., De- 
cember 19, 1802, Peter Aughen- 
baugh, of Adams county. Pa. 

21. vii. Peter, h. April 15, 1784; m. Mary 


22. via. Benjamin, b. August 18, 1787; m. 

Elizabeth L. Smith. 
ix. Emanuel, b. May 4, 1790 ; d. July 
14, 1791. 
Benjamin Fahnestock m., secondly, Chris- 
tiana Underwood ; and had issue : 

X. Joseba, b. July 10, 1796; d. May 11, 
1872 ; m. Dr. Bauman. 

VIII. BoRius Fahnestock (Diedrick), b. 
May 9, 1749, in Cocalico township, Lancaster 
county, Pa.; d. January 9, 1820 ; m., Octo- 
ber 17, 1772, Elizabeth Enders, b. December, 
1752. They had issue: 

i. Salome, h. November 4, 1773 ; ra. 
Jacob Fahnestock. 

23. a. Diedrick, b. October 20, 1775; m. 

Sarah Deardorf. 
Hi. Samuel, b. August 22, 1777. 

iv. Joseba, b. January 14, 1780 ; m. Jacob 

V. Elizabeth, b. April 3, 1782 ; m. Thomas 

vi. Mary, h. May 24, 1784 ; d. July 22, 

1866; m. Peter Fahnestock. 
vii. Diana, b. January 16, 1787; m. Jacob 

via. Benjamin, b. May 13, 1790 ; m. Ann 

C. Clemens, and had Alexena-M., 

McAtee,&n6. Elizabeth, m. G. Aughin- 

ix. Jacob, b. January 7, 1792. 
X. John, b. December 4, 1794. 
24. xi. Daniel-Enders, b. January 6, 1800; m. 

Mary Fahnestock. 

IX. Charles Fahnestock (Casper, Died- 
rick), b. February 1, 1761, in Cocalico town- 
ship, Lancaster county. Pa. ; d. January 16, 
1837, in Chester county, Pa. ; m. Susan 
Smith, b. September 24, 1768 ; d. September 
14, 1814, in Chester county. Pa. They had 
issue : 

i. Catharine, b. January 29, 1787; d. 
April 23, 1867 ; m. Joseph Phillips. 
a. John, b. August 23, 1788; d. Septem- 
ber, 1849, unm. 
Hi. Casper, b. November 12, 1789 ; d. March 
4, 1871 ; m. Jemima P. Morgan, 
and had issue: Charles-S., m. Jane 
E. Bowman; Edwin-F., Josephine, 
Casper- C, m. Mary Jean Dean, John, 
Henry, Susan, Catharine, Jemima, 
and George-Mayer, m. Philena S. 
iv. Mary, b. April 13, 1791; m. J. F. Stein- 
V. Charles, b. December 23, 1793 ; d. July, 

1820, unm. 
vi. Susanna, b. October 13, 1795 ; d. July, 

1832, unm. 
vii. Rebecca, b. November 4, 1797 ; d. 

March 14, 1827, unm. 
via. Henry, b. October 18, 1798 ; d. Novem- 
ber 19, 1822, unm. 
ix. Esther, b. 1800 ; d. January 12, 1866 ; 

m. Ernmer Elton. 
X. Elizabeth, b. March 16, 1804 ; d. Au- 
gust 14, 1807. 
xi. Hannah, h. March 6, 1806 ; d. August 

27, 1826, unm. 
xii. William, h. March 21,1808; m. Ann 
Elizabeth Earnest, and had issue. 
xiii. Edwin, b. 1810, d. s. p. 
xiv. Washington, b. 1812, d. s. p. 

X. Samuel Fahnestock (Peter, Diedrick) 



b. March 27, 1761, in Cocalico township, 
Lancaster county. Pa.; d. June 29, 1830; m., 
first, Hannah Studebaker, b. October 15, 
1755 ; d. October 13, 1825. They had issue: 
i. Elizabeth, b. July 6, 1785 ; d. Septem- 
ber 18, 1812. 
ii. Rebecca, b. January 12, 1787 ; m. 

Daniel Fundenberg. 
Hi. Peter, b. October 9, 1788 ; m., first, No- 
vember 19, 1819, Mary Kunkel ; 
secondly, Eliza C. Poe; thirdly, 
Caroline C. Geakle. 
iv. Samuel, b. March 11, 1791 ; d. s. p. 
V. Catharine, b. December 11, 1792 ; d. 
February 15, 1868 ; m. George 
vi. Oeorge, b. November 26, 1795 ; d. Oc- 
tober 27, 1804. 
vii. Samuel, b. November 4, 1797; d. May 
13, 1869; m., first, Eliza Heiser; 
secondly, Mary Murray; and left 
issue by both. 

XI. CoNEAD Fahnestock (Peter, Died- 
rick), b. July 19, 1763, near Ephrata, Pa.; d. 
September 20, 1803, at Middletown, Dauphin 
county, Pa.; received a fair education at the 
German School, Ephrata, and learned the 
art of printing with the Brethren ; came to 
Harrisburg in 1791 and engaged with his 
brother Obed in merchandising; subse- 
quently he entered into partnership with 
Benjamin Mayer in the publication of the 
Morgenrothe or " Dutch Aurora," as it was 
commonly called ; under the infamous alien 
and sedition act of the administration of the 
elder Adams, Messrs. Mayer & Fahnestock 
were arrested • by Qnited States officers and 
thrown into prison, but promptly released on 
bail; they were never tried. Shortly after- 
wards Mr. Fahnestock retired from the print- 
ing business and entered the mercantile trade 
at Middletown, where he died. The Oracle 
speaks of him as " an industrious, honest and 
valuable member of society." Mr. Fahne- 
stock m. Mary Hallacker. They had issue : 
i. Joseph, b. April 9, 1792 ; d. s. p. 
ii. Peter, b. June 9, 1793 ; d, February 6, 

1872, at Ephrata ; m. Salome Lan- 

dis, and had Susan, Samuel, m. 

Mary Bollinger, Conrad, John, m. 

Maria Bollinger, Mary, m. Adam 

Ream, and Reuben, m. Catharine 

Hi. Samuel, b. February 12, 1795 ; d. s. p. 
iv. Anna, b. May 31, 1800; m. Christian 


XII. Obed Fahnestock (Peter, Diedrick); 
b. February 25, 1770, near Ephrata, Pa.; d- 
March 2, 1840, at Harrisburg, Pa.; was 
brought up to mercantile pursuits, and re- 
moved to Harrisburg about 1795, where he 
entered into business ; he seems to have 
been a man of considerable intelligence and 
prominence, as almost thirty years of his 
life were spent in office ; was coroner from 
November 3, 1802, to November 3, 1805 ; 
director of the poor from 1811 to 1813; one of 
the associate judges of the countv from No- 
vember 12,1813, to July 30, 1818" appointed 
by Governor Snyder, when, owing to his dis- 
like of Samuel D. Franks, who had been 
appointed president judge of the courts, he 
resigned ; was burgess of the borough 1820 
and 1821, frequently a member of the coun- 
cil, and served as prothonotary from Janu- 
ary 17, 1824, to January 29, 1830. Judge 
Fahnestock m., April 19, 1796, Anna Maria 
Gessell, b. January 9, 1777, at Brickersville, 
Lancaster county. Pa.; d. December 8, 1847, 
at Harrisburg, Pa. They had issue : 

i. Harris- Charles, b. April 26, 1797; d. 
May 24, 1845. 

ii. Hannah, h. December 21, 1799; d. 
February 12, 1872 ; m., in 1824, 1st, 
James A. Mahany ; 2d, in 1845, 
James Wallace Weir. 

Hi. William- Morr ell, b. April 10, 1802 ; d. 
December 15, 1854 ; m. Sarah Ann 
Magee, b. July 18, 1805 ; d. Decem- 
ber 2, 1868; and had issue. 

iv. Dorothy, b. July 12, 1806; d. s. p. 

25. V. Adam-Konigmacher, b. July 12, 1806; 

m., 1st, Sybil T. Holbrook; m., 2d, 

Mrs. Mary Jacobs; 3d, Elizabeth 

C. AfFner. 
vi. Maria- Matilda, b. December 15, 1808 ; 

m. John Andrew Weir. 
vii. Amelia-Snyder, 'b.Apvi[15,1813; d.s.'p. 

26. via. Walter-Franklin, b. September 13, 

1815; m. Louisa C. Heisely. 
ix. Simon-Snyder, b. September 11, 1819; 
d. June 19, 1876; m. Caroline Jen- 
nings, b. May 31, 1826; and had 

XIII. Samuel Fahnestock (Diedrick, 
Diedrick), b. March 16, 1764, near Ephrata, 
Pa.; d. December 8, 1836, at Lancaster, Pa.; 
m. Rebecca Baker, b. September 28, 1770 ; 
d. October 25, 1862. They had issue: 

*. Sarah,^ b. June 29, 1789. 
ii. Diedrick, b. August 28, 1790; d. June 
9, 1860. 



Hi. Mary, b. December 20, 1791 ; d. March 
17, 1876; m. D. E. Fahnestock. 

iv. Esther, b. July 3, 1793; d. February 
20, 1877; m. James Hueston. 

V. George, b. December 2, 1795; d. Feb- 
ruary 21, 1870, at Philadelphia; m. 
Catharine S. Cox, and had Arnold- 
Baker; -BKza, m. Joseph Stoddard; 
Mary- Ann, m. Henry Stoddard; 
Return-E., Susan, m. F. Lasher; 
Emma, m., first, Isaac EUmaker; 
secondly, Dr. H. A. Fahnestock; 
Catharine, George, Elizabeth-Bates, 
Louisa, m. Joseph Juel, and Marga- 
ret, m. Clarence Nouse. 

m. William-B., b. October 13, 1801; m. 
Maria Reigard, and had issue. 

XIV. Jacob Fahnestock (John, Diedrick), 
b. December 5, 1769, in Cocalico township, 
Lancaster county. Pa. ; d. ]\Jay 31, 1812, at 
Pittsburgh, Pa. ; m. Salome Fahnestock, b. 
November 4, 1772. They had issue : 

i. Elizabeth, b. July 29, 1793 ; m., first, 
Thomas Tucker ; secondly, Sebas- 
tian Hofer. 

ii. Samuel, b. March 11, 1796 ; m. Susan 
Baugher, b. December 10, 1795 ; 
d. November, 1877, and had issue. 
Hi. Borius, h. August 21, 1798 ; d. August 
20, 1876; m. Sarah Wampler, b. 
November 17, 1797 ; d. August 15, 
1869, and had issue. 

iv. Jacob, b. January 26, 1801 ; d. Sep- 
tember 9, 1841, at Glasford, 111. ; 
m., November 11, 1824, Maria Har- 
mon, b. May 16, 1806, and had 

V. William, b. December 21, 1803. 
vi. John, h. August 21, 1806. 
vii. Rebecca, b. July 8, 1809 ; m. Rev. 

Frederick Vandersloot. 
via. Salome, b. January 31, 1813 ; m. 
James S. Fink. 

XV. Harvey Fahnestock (John, Died- 
rick), b. March 6, 1772, in Cocalico township, 
Lancaster county, Pa.; d. November 22, 1831, 
at Pittsburgh, Pa.; m. Elizabeth Brindle. 
They had issue : 

i. Abner-H., b. October 17, 1798 ; d. May 
4, 1866, at Alton, 111.; m., first, La- 
vinia McCarthy, b. February 6, 
1802"; d. March 1, 1834; m., sec- 
ondly, Matilda Brewer, and had 
issue by both. 
ii. Elizabeth, b. March 29,1803; m. Solo- 
mon Brand. 

Hi. Franklin-B., b. November 6, 1805; m. 
Elizabeth Repore ; resided at Muncy, 

iv. Henry-W., b. March 8, 1813 ; m., first, 
Mary DeHufF; secondly, Marie J. 
Hall ; thirdly, Mary P. Bigley ; 
fourthly, Margaret J.Matthew, and 
had issue by first and second wives ; 
resided at Salem, 0. 
V. Rebecca-K., h. April 8, 1814 ; m. Jus- 
tice A. Ward. 

XVI. Daniel Fahnestock (Daniel, Died- 
rick), b. February 23, 1774; ra. Elizabeth 
Rider, b. 1780; d. October 25, 1829. They 
had issue : 

i. Margaret, h. December 16,1800; m. 
Abraham Garrell. 

ii. William, b. November 24, .1802 ; d. 
November 22, 1877; m. Barbara 
Hollopter, b. August 11, 1810, and 
had issue. 

Hi. Daniel, b. June 30, 1805 ; d. June 26, 
1855; m. Mary McKaughton, and 
left issue. 

iv. Samuel, b. September 15, 1807 ; d. 

September 10, 1843. 
V. John, b. September 15, 1807. 

vi. Elizabeth, b. May 15, 1810 ; m. Luke 
vH. Ephraim, b. October 6, 1812 ; m. Eliza 
Billingsley, b. 1816 ; d. 1872 ; and 
had issue. 
vHi. Christiana, b. March 18, 1815 ; m. Sam- 
uel Hollopter. 

ix. Ellen, h. July 6, 1817; d. August 20, 
1869 ; m. John Gram. 

X. Joseph, b. June 26, 1820 ; m. Mary 
Hollopter, b. 1822 ; d. 1851, at Cov- 
ington, Ky.; m., secondly, Lydia 

xi. Benjamin, b. August 22, 1822 ; d. Jan- 
uary 14, 1854. 

XVII. William Fahnestock (Daniel, 
Diedrick), b. 1776 ; d. 1840; m. Esther Rider, 
b. 1770 ; d. 1848. They had issue : 

i. Mary, b. 1794 ; m. George Tyne. 

ii. Barbara, b. 1796 ; m. Joseph Latshaw. 

Hi. Daniel, b. 1798. 

iv. William, b. 1800 ; d. 1877, at Win- 
chester, Va.; m. Mary A. Sydle, b. 
1801 ; and had issue. 

V. Eleanor, b. 1802; m. D. Mumper. 

m John, h. 1804; d. 1875; m. Christiana 

Kunkle, b.l809; d. 1873. 
vii. Peter, b. August 20, 1807 ; d. Novem- 



ber 7, 1866 ; m. Rebecca Bender, b. 
July 1, 1814 , and had issue. 
viii. Sarah, h. 1810 ; d. s. p. 

XVIII. George Fahnestock (Benjamin, 
Diedrick), b. September 7, 1772, in Cocalico 
township, Lancaster county. Pa.; d. Novem- 
ber 17, 1851 ; m., first, Mary Aughenbaugh. 
They had issue : 

i. Elizabeth, b. April 20, 1797 ; d. July 

26, 1862; m. A. Dewing. 
ii. Benjamin, b. July 8, 1799 ; d. July 11, 
1862, at Philadelphia ; m., August 
9, 1822, Anna Mary Wolf, b. 1803, 
and had issue. 
Hi. John, b. August 1, 1801 ; d. s. p. 
iv. Barnett, b. January 19, 1804 ; d. s. p. 
v..Ephraim,h. December 2, 1805; d. s. p. 
George Fahnestock m., secondly, April 19, 
19, 1808; Mrs. Barbara Fisher, of Harris- 
burg ; no issue. 

XIX. John Fahnestock (Benjamin, Died- 
rick), b. July 3, 1774 ; d. December 2, 1842 ; 
m. Catharine "Wallich, b. February 28, 1774 ; 
d. December 28, 1869. They had issue : 

i. Samuel, h. December 20, 1804 ; d. 

April 13, 1864; m. Elizabeth Hart- 

zel, b. December 7, 1807. 
ii. Benjamin- W., b. September 25, 1807 ; 

m. Annetta S. Haynes, of Newton, 

0.; and had issue. 
Hi. Margaret, b. September 25, 1809 ; m. 

J. Weidner. 
iv. William-Linn, b. September 30, 1813; 

m. Isabella Worley ; and had issue. 
V. James, b. April 30, 1816 ; m. Rachel 

A. Worley ; resided at Versailles, 0. 

XX. Henry Fahnestock (Benjamin, 
Diedrick), b. April 22, 1778, in Cocalico 
township, Lancaster county. Pa. ; d. in 
Indiana ; m. Catharine Latshaw. The}' had 
issue: ' 

i. Christiana, b. June 17, 1802; m. Dr. 

0. Holmes. 
ii. Juliana, b. January 7, 1804 ; d. No- 
vember 15, 1871 ; unm. 
Hi. Jeremiah, b. May 11, 1806 ; m., first, 
Mary Smith, b. July 7, 1805; d. 
March 13, 1844 ; m., secondly, Eliza 
Hamilton, b. March 3, 1813; re- 
sided at Herrman, 111. 
iv. Mary- Ann, b. September 6, 1808; m. 

D. McArthur. 
V. Benjamin- Latshaw, b. December 16, 
1810; m., first, Elizabeth Houpt ; 
secondly, Mary F. Fahnestock ; re- 
sided at Pittsburgh. 

m. Catharine-M., b. February 29, 1813. 
vii. Henry-0., b. June 22, 1815. 
viii. Avarilla, b. September 5, 1818 ; m. S. 

XXI. Peter Fahnestock (Benjamin,Died- 
rick), b. April 15, 1784, near Ephrata, Pa. ; 
d. November 17, 1864, at Baltimore, Md. ; 
m. Mary Fahnestock, b. May 14, 1784 ; d. 
July 23, 1866, at Baltimore, Md. They had 
issue : 

i. Levi, b. September 3, 1807 ; d. July 

20, 1854 ; m. Sarah Fahnestock. 
ii. Elizabeth, b. December 4, 1809 ; d. 

December 3, 1869; unm. 
Hi. Benjamin, b. December 5, 1811 ; d. 

s. p. 
iv. Mary-F., b. May 25, 1813. 
V. Catharine, h. February 14, 1816. 
vi. Joseba, b. December 7, 1817 ; d. Au- 
gust 5, 1849 ; m. Frederick Haut. 
vii. Derick, h*. July 25, 1821 ; m. Lucinda 

viii. Joseph-D., b. November 25, 1824 ; d. 
June 19, 1863. 

XXII. Benjamin Fahnestock (Benjamin, 
Diedrick), b. August 18, 1787 ; d. September 
4, 1842, at Chambersburg, Pa.; m., January 
11, 1815, Elizabeth L. Smith, b. June 19, 
1792 ; d. August 8, 1868. They had issue : 

i. Anna-Mary, b. October 25, 1815 ; m. 
November 20, 1846. 

ii. Alexander, b. May 26, 1817. 

Hi. Daniel-Smith, b. October 22, 1818 ; d. 
November 10, 1877, at Chambers- 
burg, Pa. ; m. Rebecca M. Koons. 

iv. Catharine-H., b. July 11, 1820; m. G. 

W. Heagy. 
V. Elizabeth, b. September 4, 1821. 

vi. Augustus-B., b. July 3, 1823 ; m. Eliza 
Nicholas, and had issue. 

vii. Matilda-K, b. July 22, 1825 ; ra. John 

mii. William-Henry, b. October 4, 1828. 

ix. Sarah- Ann, b. October 13, 1831 ; d.s. p. 

XXIII. Diedrick Fahnestock (Borius, 
Diedrick), b. October 20, 1775, in Lancaster 
county, Pa.; d. February 3, 1824; m. Sarah 
Deardorf, b. February 1, 1777 ; d. September 
9,1864. They had issue: 

i. Elizabeth, h. December 15, 1799; m. 
Lot Ensey. 

ii. Jessie, b. November' 2, 1801 ; d. April 

16, 1862. 
Hi. Lewis, b. January 8, 1808 ; d. s. p. 

iv. Matilda, b. February 7, 1805 ; m. Dan- 
iel Kemp. 



V. Alfred, b. February 7, 1807; m., first. 
Eleanor A. Strider, b. April 5, 1813; 
d. September 20, 1869; m.,secondly[ 
Margaret D. Snyder, and had issue. 
Resided at Toledo, 0. 
iv. Christian- D., b. January 9, 1809; d. 
December 6, 1834; m. Priscilla A. 
vii. Sarah-Ann, b. December 29, 1810- d 

August 16, 1866; unm. 
viii. Joseph, b. October, 1812; d. s. p. 
ix. Franklin, b. October 13, 1818; d. Au- 
gust 20, 1869; m. Mary Ann Jacobs, 
and had issue. 

XXIV. Daniel Endees Fahnestock (Bo- 
nus, Diedrick), b. January 6, 1800 ; d. Sep- 
tember 29, 1851; m. Mary Fahnestock, b. 
December 20, 1791 ; d. March 17, 1876. They 
had issue. 

i. Adam-Haughton, b. January 15, 1821 ; 

d. s. p. 
ii. Edward, b. January 1, 1822; m. Mar- 
tha W. Davis. 
Hi. Lucinda, b. December 31, 1823 ; m. 

Derick Fahnestock. 
iv. Elizabeth-Mary, b. January 28, 1826 ; 

d. s. p. 

V. Charles-Barber, b. April 28, 1828 ; m., 

July 29, 1851, Josephine Berkhart. 

vi. Arthur-Augustus, b. January 30, ]830; 

d. November 28, 1860 ; m. Susan 

Davis, and had issue. 

vii. George- Washington, b. September 27, 

1832; m., December 14, 1858, Phoebe 

A.Pierce; resides at Baltimore, Md. 

XXV. Adam Konigmacher Fahnestock 
(Obed, Peter, Diedrick), b. July 12, 1806, at 
Harrisburg, Pa., where he d. in 1890 ; 
was educated in the schools of that borough 
and at the academy at Lititz ; was brought 
up in mercantile pursuits, and for many 
years carried on brick-making extensively ; 
was also engaged in the hardware business 
about fifteen years, and in 1833 established a 
glue manufactory at Harrisburg, which he 
successfully carried on for several years. 
Mr. Fahnestock was thrice married ; m., first, 
in 1834, Sybil T. Holbrook, b. December 11, 
1811 ; d. January 18, 1851. They had issue : 
i. Harris-C, b. February 27, 1835 ; a dis- 
tinguished banker, residing in the 
city of New York ; m., October 16, 
1856, Margaret McKinley, daughter 
of Isaac Gibson McKinley, and 
they had issue : 

1. William, b. September 2, 1857. 

2. Gibson, b. February 21, 1859. 

3. Margaret, b. April 13, 1867; d. 


4. Harris, b. September 21, 1869. 

5. Helen, b. April 24, 1872. 

6. Clarence, b. December 4, 1873. 

7. Earnest, b. January 27, 1876. 
ii. Holbrook, b. September 6, 1836 ; d. 

December 31, 1838. 
Hi. A.- Morris, b. January 28, 1838 ; m., 
first, February 18, 1866, Sallie 
Webb, b. March 21, 1846; d. Oc- 
tober 2, 1871, and had issue : 

1. Harris- Webb, b. March 6, 1867. 

2. Richie-Thomas,h. Apr. 15, 1868. 

3. Edward-Morris, b. September 

6, 1871. 
He m., secondly, Rebecca B. Thomp- 
son, b. January 19, 1848, and they 
had issue: 

4. Maria-Bland, b. November 28, 

iv. James, h. October 3, 1839; d. March 

17, 1858. 
V. Sybil-Amelia, b. January 1, 1842 ; m. 
T. H. Hubbard, of New York city, 
and had issue. 
vi. Charles-A., b. April 17, 1844. 
vii. Wallace- Weir, b. January 18, 1846; 
m., October 12, 1871, Mary K. Nut- 
ting, and had Edith, Wallace, and 
viii. Louis-F., h. August 26, 1848 ; m., Oc- 
tober 21, 1878, Grace Zeigler, b. 
November i, 1850, and had Louis 
and Adam- Br lice. 
Mr. Fahnestock m., secondly, 1855, Mrs. 
Mary Jacobs, b. July 6, 1805 ; d". February 7 
1857 ; m., thirdly, 1869, Elizabeth C. Affner, 
b. June 6, 1821. 

XXVI. Walter Franklin Fahnestock 
(Obed, Peter, Diedrick), b. September 13, 
1815 ; d. 1898 at Harrisburg, Pa.; m., March 
19, 1839, Louisa C. Heisely, b. December 24, 
1817, daughter of George J. Heisely, and 
they had issue : 

i. Hannah-Mahany,h. May 19, 1840 ; m. 
John C. Harvey, anS they had 
ii. Louisa-C, b. August 8, 1842. 
Hi. Walter-Franklin, b. October 8, 1844 ; 

d. May 19, 1879. 
iv. George, b. October 3, 1846 ; d. July 

19, 1869. 
V. Harry-C, b. April 12, 1849; d. Janu- 
ary 10, 1851. 



vi. William-M., b. February. 3, 1851 ; m., 

June 19, 1819, Carrie. Achenbach, 

and had John-Harvey, 
vii. Alice-E., b. November 18, 1852; d. 

November 26, 1856. 
via. Anna-M., b. November 19, 1855 ; d. 

June 26, 1862. 
ix. Frank-G., b. September 29, 1857. 
X. James- Weir, b. September 29, 1859. 
xi. Edward-E., b. May 5, 1862 ; d. May 

23, 1862. 

The Fetterhoff Family. 

I. Frederick Fetterhoff, b. August. 6, 
1765, in now Lancaster county. Pa., where 
his parents were early settlers; d. July 16, 
1837, in Jackson township, Dauphin county, 
Pa. He removed with his family to then 
Halifax township in 1803; m. Susanna 
Heckerd, b. June 25, 1768; d. June 28, 1831, 
in Jackson township, and with most of his 
family buried in the Fetterhoff church grave- 
yard. They had issue, besides three chil- 
dren died young : 

2. i. Philip, b. September 2, 1788 ; m. Eve 


3. ii. John, b. October 12, 1790 ; m., first, 

Elizabeth Snyder; secondly, Katha- 
rine Harris. 

4. Hi. George,}). May 3, 1795 ; m. Mary Zim- 


II. Philip Fetterhoff (Frederick), b. 
September 2, 1788, in Lancaster county. Pa.; 
d. September 4, 1833, in Jackson township, 
Dauphin county, Pa.; m. Eve Boyer, b. June 
27, 1792; d. January 11, 1839. They had 
issue : 

i. John, h. July 19, 1812 ; resided at 

ii. Susanna, b. July 20, 1813; m. Henry 

Will vert. 
iii. Elizabeth, b. November 19, 1815 ; d. 

June 7, 1860; m. John Faber. 
iv. Polly, b. 1817 ; m. Henry Hoover. 

III. John, Fetterhoff (Frederick), b. 
October 12, 1790, in Lancaster county. Pa.; 
d. June 27, 1829, in Jackson township, Dau- 
phin county, Pa.; m., first, Elizabeth Snyder, 
and there was issue : 

i. Susanna, b. March , 23, 1814 ; m. 
George Enders. 
He m.. secondly, Katharine Haines, b. June 
18,1791'; d. December 6, 1862; and there 
was issue : 

ii. H Elmira, b. January 15, 1817 ; 

d. March 30, 1875 ; m., December 
10, 1835, John Shepley. 

IV. George Fetterhoff (Frederick), b; 
May, 3, 1795, in Lancaster county. Pa.; d. 
March 16, 1862, in Jackson township, Dau- 
phin county. Pa.; m. Mary Zimmerman, b. 
March 5, 1798; d. August 1, 1863; daughter 
of Christian Zimmerman. They had issue : 
i. Joseph, b. April, 1816. 
ii. Catharine, b. October, 1819. 
iii. Samuel, b. February 26, 1821 ; d. Feb- 
ruary 26, 1866. 
iv. Mary,h. April 7, 1828; d. October 14, 

V. Philip, b. November 3, 1825. 
vi. Susanna, b. 1827. 
vii. Margaret, h. 1830. 
via. Abby, b. April 28, 1833. 

Fox Family of Derry. 

I. John Fox, a native of the county Dev- 
onshire, England, where he was born in the 
year 1751, came to America when a young 
man, and settled first at Germantown in the 
Province of Pennsylvania. There he mar- 
ried Anna Margaret Rupert, b. December 
14, 1756, in Holland. Shortly after, in 
1799, they settled in what was then London- 
derry township, Lancaster county, in the 
neighborhood of Hummelstown. Mr. Fox 
died April 25, 1816, and his wife on the 21st 
of October, 1838. Both were interred in the 
Lutheran churchyard at Hummelstown. 
They had issue : 

2. i. John, b. June 10, 1780 ; m. Sarah 


3. ii. Margaret, b. 1782 ; m. John Phillips. 

4. iii. Thomas, b. November 4, 1786 ; m. 

Barbara Baum. 

5. iv. George, b. December 17, 1788 ; m. 

Elizabeth Eshenauer. 

6. V. James, b. 1794 ; m. Sophia Bayle. 
vi. Richard, h. February 9, 1799, in Lon- 
donderry township, Dauphin 
county. Pa.; d. July 1, 1827; m. 
Rachel Hummel, b. November 24, 
1799; d. September 27, 1867; 
daughter of Frederick Hummel 
and Rachel Eckert ; no issue. 

IL John Fox (John), b. June 10, 1780, in 
then Londonderry township, Lancaster 
county. Pa.; d. July 19, 1853. He was edu- 
cated in the country schools of the neigh- 


^ t(y^-tj^'9'>y,.^^'t^^J 



borhood, and a farmer by occupation. He 
became quite prominent and influential in 
the political affairs of the county, and served 
as a member of the House of Representatives 
of Pennsylvania from 1831 to 1833. He 
filled the office of sheriff from October 14, 
1833, to October 21, 1836, and again from 
October 19, 1839, to October 24, 1842. Apart 
from these positions of trust and honor, he 
served his neighbors in the various town- 
ship offices with fidelity. He was a repre- 
sentative man, not only of his family but of 
the county, a faithful officer, of strict integ- 
rity, upright and conscientious in all his 
relations with his fellow citizens. Mr. Fox 
m., November 29, 1804, Sarah Shonberger, 
b. November 4, 1785 ; d. October 8, 1866. 
They had issue : 

i. John, b. 1805. 

ii. Liberty, b. 1807 ; m. Mary Ann Hag- 
gerty, of Philadelphia, b. Novem- 
ber 29, 1817 ; d. May 26, 1857, and 
had one son. 
in. Margaret, b. 1809; m. Henry Orth. 

III. Margaret- Fox (John), b. 1782, 
in then Londonderry township, Lancaster 
county. Pa.; d. at Hummelstown, Pa. She 
m., August 20, 1807, John Phillips, b. Feb- 
ruary 19, 1786 ; d. July 11, 1855, at Hum- 
melstown, Pa., and with his wife there 
buried. He was a gentleman of erudition, 
an eminent school teacher, and of consid- 
erable prominence. They had issue (sur- 
name Phillips): 
i. Horace, 
ii. Mary. 
Hi. John, 
iv. Harriet. 
V. Margaret. 

TV. Thomas Fox (John), b. November 4, 
1786, near Hummelstown, Dauphin county, 
Pa. ; d. there October 25, 1824. He m., Feb- 
ruary 4, 1808, Barbara Baum, b. January 8, 
1780, in then Londonderry township, Lan- 
caster county. Pa.; d. January 3, 1833; 
daughter of Daniel Baum and his wife 
Catharine Fishburn. They had issue : 
i. Catharine, d. s. p. 
ii. Alfred, d. s. p. 
Hi. Louisa, d. s. p. 

iv. Margaret, b. 1814 ; m. Dr. Adam Shel- 
lar, b. January, 1808 ; d. November, 
1882 ; son of Christian and Margaret 
Shellar, of Rapho township, Lan- 
caster county. Pa. ; studied medi- 
cine with Dr. Henderson, of Hum- 

melstown, and graduated from the 
Reform Medical College at New 
York in 1830 ; located in Mt. Joy ; 
was highly esteemed by the profes- 
sion and secured an extensive prac- 
V. Tho7nas-E»ans, b. July 2, 1816 ; d. 
March 3, 1851 ; m. Mary L. Ricker; 
adopted daughter of Frederick 
Ricker, b. 1821 ; d. February 9, 
1868, and had issue. 
vi. John-Michael, b. 1818 ; m. Harriet 
Carson, and had issue. 

V. George Fox (John), b. December 17, 
1788, in then Londonderry township, Dau- 
phin county. Pa.; d. August 25, 1855. He m. 
Elizabeth Eshenauer, b. December 3, 1794; 
d. April 8, 1862 ; daughter of Caspar and 
Mary Eshenauer. They had issue : 

7. i. Richard, m., first, Anna Patten ; 

secondly, Adelaide Hynicka. 

8. ii. John-E., m., first, Mary Boggs; sec- 

ondly, Caroline Boggs. 
Hi. Qeorge, d. s. p. 

iv. James, b. 1820; d. February 28,1858. 
V. Abner, m. Louisa Shepherd. 

9. vi. Thomas- George, m. Diana Hershey. 

VI. James Fox (John), b. 1794, in 
then Londonderry township, Dauphin 
county, Pa.; d. September 25, 1843, in Hum- 
melstown, Pa. He ni. Sophia Bayle, b. 
1804; d. March 6, 1844, in Hummelstown, 
Pa. They had issue : 

i. William. 

ii. Margaret, m. Michael Longenecker. 
Hi. John-Thomas, 
iv. Ann, m. John H. Hummel. 

VII. Richard Fox (George, John). Mr. 
Fox was twice married; m., first, Anna 
Patton. They had issue : 

i. William, 
ii. George. 
He m., secondly, Adelaide Hynicka, 
daughter of Christopher Coal Hynicka and 
Mary Ann Rohm. They had issue : 
i. Anna. 
ii. May. 
Hi. Richard- V. 
iv. Elizabeth. 

VIII. John E. Fox (George, John), b. 
in Hummelstown, Pa.; d. February 17, 1880, 
in Philadelphia. He was a native of Hum- 
melstown, Dauphin county. Pa., and was 
educated at the Gettysburg College. He 
went to Philadelphia when a young man. 



and was a clerk in the office of the Eagle 
Transportation and Railroad Line, at Eighth 
and Market streets. In 1843 he commenced 
business as a stock broker on Third street, 
below Market, and remained in the same 
neighborhood until the time of his death. 
A daughter became the wife of John H. 
Weiss, of Harrisburg. 

IX. Thomas George Fox (George, John), 
m. and had issue : 

i. Dr. L.- Webster, who graduated at Jef- 
ferson Medical College, Philadel- 
phia, and completed his medical 
studies in Berlin, Vienna, and Lon- 

James- O., married Emma 8trickler. 






Geddes, op Derry. 

I. James Geddes, born the year 1704, 
near Randallstown, county Antrim, Ireland, 
emigrated to America, landing in August, 
1752, with his wife Margaret and three sons. 
He died in 1764 ; and his wife, born in 1699, 
died 1783 ; and with her husband lies buried 
in old Derry church graveyard. They had 
issue : 

i. Paul, b. 1732, in Ireland ; d. May 25, 
1814, in Northumberland Pa.; he 
removed to what was subsequently 
Turbut township, now Chillisqua- 
que township, that county, about 
1765 ; was quite active during the 
Revolution, and a member of the 
Committee of Safety for Northum- 
2. a. William, h. 1735; m. Sarah McCallen. 
Hi. Samuel, b. 1739, in Ireland; d. in 1788. 

II. William Geddes (James), b. 1735 in 
Ireland ; came to America with his father's 
family in 1752 ; his farm was located six 
miles west of Harrisburg in Cumberland 
county, on which he died in 1789. He mar- 
ried Sarah McCallen, daughter of John and 
Sarah McCallen, b. in 1733; d. 1773, in Lon- 
donderry township; both buried in Derry 
churchyard. They had issue : 

i. James, h. July ^22, 1763 ; d. August 19, 

1838, in Onoudago county, N. Y., 
where he resided and left a family. 

ii. MargAret, b. December 31, 1764; d. 
in 1818, near Fannettsburg, Frank- 
lin county. Pa. 

Hi. John, b. August 16, 1766 ; d. Decem- 
ber 5, 1840, near Newville, Cumber- 
land county. Pa. 

iv. Paid, b. June 9, 1768 ; d. October 22, 
1832, in Path Valley, Franklin 
county. Pa., where he resided and 
left a family. 

3. V. Robert, b. September 30, 1771 ; m., 

first, Jane Sawyer ; secondly, Mrs. 
Martha McClure. 

III. Robert Geddes (William, James), b. 
September 30, 1771, in Londonderry town- 
ship, then Lancaster county, Pa. He inher- 
ited the farm of his mother's brother, Robert 
McCallen, situated near Campbellstown, 
Lebanon county. Pa. He died July 14, 
1832, and is buried in the grave of his grand- 
mother, Sarah McCallen, in Derry church- 
yard. He m., first, March 2, 1797, by Rev. 
James R. Sharon, Jane Sawyer, daughter of 
John Sawyer, b. May 25, 1770 ; d. November 
29, 1803. They had issue: 

i. Robert, b. December 11, 1797 ; d. 

March 11, 1866. 
ii. Sarah, b. July 10, 1799 ; d. August 
25, 1819. 

4. Hi. John, b. March 19, 1801 ; resided in 

Ypsilanti, Mich. 

iv. William, b. December 28, 1802; d. 

• May 21, 1877; removed in 1844 

from Pennsylvania to Michigan, 

where he died. 

V. Jane, b. August, 1804 ; d. February 8, 

vi. Isabella, b. September 17, 1806 ; d. 
November 21, 1834. 
Robert Geddes m., secondly, March 22, 
1810, Mrs. Martha McClure, and they had 
issue : 

vii. James, h. December 12, 1810 ; m. and 

resided near Decatur, Macon county, 

111. ^ 

via. Thomas, b. September 10, 1812; d. 

May 6, 1837. 

ix. Agrippa, b. September 31, 1814 ; d. 

December 25, 1849. 
X. Anna, b. July, 1818. 

IV. John Geddes (Robert, William, 
James), b. March 19, 1801, in now London- 
derry township, Lebanon county. Pa. In 
company with his brother Robert, he left 



Pennsylvania April 19, 1825, arriving in 
Ann Harbor, Mich., May 11, 1825. John 
resided at Ypsilanti, Mich. He m., first, 
April 6, 1837, Fanny Savage; b. February 
19,1806, in Orange county, N. Y.; d. Decem- 
ber 6, 1855, and there was issue : 
i. John, d. s. p. 
a. Sarah, m. and had two sons and three 

Hi. Rachel, m., but had no children. 
John Geddes m., secondly, Julia Ettie 
Savage, a sister 'to his first wife, b. July 22, 
1800 ; d. August 18, 1883. 

The Geiger Family. 

I. Barnhart (or Bernard) Geiger, Sr., 
was born in 1748. His ancestors were 
Brandenburgers and lived at Frankford on 
Oder. His father and brothers were in the 
military service, several of whom fell at 
Zorndorf. Bernard was a conscript in King 
Frederick's army and served seven years, 
but ran away to escape the barbaritj^ of the 
discipline of the Prussian service, and 
reached America in 1773. He entered the 
American army in 1776, and participated in 
the battles of Monmouth, Brandywine, Ger- 
mantown, and several minor skirmishes, be- 
ing mustered out of service in 1779. At the 
close of the Revolution he removed to Reams- 
town, Lancaster county, Pa., from whence 
he came to Harrisburg in April, 1788. There 
he engaged in blacksmithing. He was one 
of the founders of the Lutheran Church at 
that place, and an enterprising citizen. He 
died July 16, 1811. Mr. Geiger married, in 
1779, Mary Smith, a native of Darmstadt, in 
Hesse. She died at Harrisburg, July 19, 
1840. They had issue, all save the youngest 
born at Reamstown : 
2. i. John, b. February 18, 1780 ; m. Mary 
a. George, b. April 21, 1782; d. Septem- 
ber 6, 1853, at Harrisburg ; learned 
the trade of a blacksmith with his 
father, and afterwards opened a 
store in Market Square, second 
door from the Harrisburg Bank, 
which he continued in partnership 
with his brothers Joseph and Ber- 
nard for many years. He died un- 
3. Hi. Joseph, b. December 27, 1784; m. 
Sarah Rupley. 
iv.Mary.h. 1786; m. Michael Walters, 

of Limestone, Clarion county. Pa., 
nothing further is known of them. 
V.Susanna, b. December 3, 1787; d. 
March 30, 1820, at Orangeville, 
Columbia county. Pa.; m. Andrew 

4. vi. Bernard, b. October 27, 1795; m. 

Charlotte Lewis. 

IL John Geiger (Bernard), b. February 
18, 1780, at Reamstown, Lancaster county. 
Pa.; d. July 11, 1864, at Harrisburg; he was 
a prominent merchant there many years ; m., 
in 1807, Mary Shoch, b. April 1,' 1788; d. 
August 4, 1855 ; daughter of John Shoch 
and Salome Gilbert. They had issue: 

5. i. Sarah, b. October 31, 1808 ; m. James 


6. ii. George, b. January 27, 1811; m. Re- 

becca McGrath. 
Hi. John-Bernard, b. November 30, 1812 ; 
d. July 24, 1825. 
7 iv. Mary-R., b. October 21, 1814; m. Israel 
V. Amanda-E., b. August 1, 1816; d. 
November 17, 1845, unm. 

8. vi. Joseph-H.i b. November 11, 1817; m., 

first, Eliza Ingram ; m., secondly, 
Mary Stewart ; thirdly, Sarah But- 
vii. Samuel-Shoch, b. June 7,1819 ; d. Octo- 
ber 30, 1839. 

9. via. Malvina-L., b. November 16, 1821 ; 

m. Samuel D. Ingram. 

III. Joseph Geiger (Bernard), b. Decem- 
ber 27, 1784, at Reamstown, Lancaster 
county. Pa.; d. January 4, 1872, at Halifax, 
Pa. ; learned the trade of a blacksmith with 
his father, and subsequently became a mer- 
chant at Harrisburg. In 1821 removed to 
his farm on the site of old Fort Halifax, and 
in 1828 to the borough of Halifax, where he 
resided until his death. He married, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1819, Sarah Rupley, b. February 
16, 1801, in East Pennsboro' township, Cum- 
berland county. Pa. ; d. October 25, 1859, at 
Halifax, Pa. ; daughter of Jacob Rupley and 
Anna Maria Rupp. They had issue : 

i. Bernard, b. March 21, 1820; d. Sep- 
tember 3, 1820. 

10. ii. Hiram-Rupley, b. January 24, 1822, 

m. Elizabeth K. Blattenberger. 

11. Hi. Sarah-Louisa, h. September 5, 1826 ; 

m. Rev. William L. Gray. 
, iv. Mary-Ellen, b. August 25, 1831 ; d. 
January 3, 1833. 
V. Rebecca- Emily, b. April 16, 1834 ; re- 



sided in the old homestead at Hali- 

IV. Bernard Geiger (Bernard), b. Octo- 
ber 27, .1795, at Harrisburg, Pa. ; d. May 30, 
1841; was a merchant at Harrisburg ; m. 
Charlotte Lewis, of Harrisburg, b. March 6, 
1805; d. November 19, 1832. They had 


i. Louisa, b. 1828 ; d. March 2, 1849 ; ra. 
Daniel Eppley, of Harrisburg, and 
had Minnie, b. August, 1847 : d. 
1867, at East Liberty, Pa. ; m. Wal- 
ter Fahnestock, of Pittsburgh. 

12. ii. Annie- Maria, b. 1830; m. Uavid J. 


13. m. Charlotte- Elizabeth, b. 1833; m. Alex- 

ander Roberts. 

V. Sarah Geiger (John, Bernard), b. 
October 31, 1808, at Harrisburg, Pa.; d. Jan- 
uary 27, 1842 ; m., December 22, 1831, James 
Wilson, Jr., of Philadelphia. They had 
issue : 

■ i. John-Oeiger, resides in Philadelphia. 
ii. James. 
Hi. Sarah-E., resides in Harrisburg. 

VI. George Geiger (John, Bernard), b. 
January 27, 1811, at Harrisburg, Pa.; was a 
merchant of Topeka, Kan.; m. Rebecca 
McGrath, of Martin's Ferry, Ohio. They 
had issue : 

i. John, d. s. p. 
ii. George, d. s. p. 

Hi. Mary, m. Lee, of Kansas Citj'^, 

iv. Fannie, m. Thomson, of To- 

V. Malvina,ra. ■ 

— Rodgers, of Topeka. 

VII. Mary R. Geiger (John, Bernard), b. 
October 21, 1814, at Harrisburg ; d. January 
17, 1848; m., 1833, Israel Steel. They had 
issue : 

i. Annie-C, b. July 26, 1834; m. Elias 
J. Unger ; reside at Pittsi)urgh, Pa. 

VIII. Joseph H. Geiger (John, Bernard), 
b. November 11, 1817, at Harrisburg, Pa.; 
removed to Columbus, 0.; was attorney gen- 
eral of that State, and then State librarian ; 
was thrice married; first, Eliza Ingram, of 
West Chester, Pa., and there was issue: 

i. Eliza-Ingram, resides in Washington, 
D. C. 
He m., secondly, Mary Stewart, of Colum- 
bus, 0., and had : 

ii. Lydia-L, m. Milne, of West 


Hi. Ruth. 

He m., thirdly, Sarah Butterfield, a native 
of New England. 

IX. Malvina L. Geiger (John, Bernard), 
b. November 16, 1821, at Harrisburg, Pa.; re- 
sides at Harrisburg ; m., January 1, 1843, 
Samuel D. Ingram, and had issue : 

i. John-Geiger, b. October 21, 1843, at 
Harrisburg, Pa.; d. October 8, 1877 ; 
was for several years attached to 
the reportorial staff at the capital of 
the State, and local editor of the 
Telegro^ph. "Affable in his manners, 
gentlemanly in his bearing, scrupu- 
lously truthful in his official ca- 
pacitj% he won during his brief ca- 
reer as a journalist the warm ad- 
miration of a host of friends." Mr. 
Ingram m. Clara V. Kosure, and left 
one son. 

X. Hiram Rupley Geiger (Joseph, Ber- 
nard), b. January 24, 1822, near Halifax, Pa.; 
drowned in the Juniata, near Lewistown, Pa., 
June 29, 1849 ; m., January 20, 1846, Eliza- 
beth K. Blattenberger, b. September 4, 1826, 
at Mt. Patrick, Perry county. Pa. They had 
issue : 

i. George, b. December 16, 1846, at Liver- 
pool, Perry county, Pa.; entered the 
United States army (regulars) dur- 
ing the rebellion, and rose to the 
rank of captain of infantry; was 
killed in the charge on the fort at 
Blakely Landing near Mobile, Ala., 
April 9, 1865. 

XI. Sarah Louisa Geiger (Joseph, Ber- 
nard), b. September 5, 1826, near Halifax- 
Dauphin county, Pa.; m. Rev. William L 
Gray, b. November 8, 1821, in Cumberland 
county, N. J.; son of George Frederick Gray 
and Martha Smith ; a member of the Phila- 
delphia Conference of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church, and now (1883) stationed at First 
M. E. church, Norristown, Pa. They had 
issue : 

i. Hiram- Geiger, b. June 16, 1845, at 
Fort Hunter, Dauphin county. Pa.; 
d. December 16, 1865, at Philadel- 
ii. William- Bowen, b. November 11, 1847, 
at Georgetown X Roads (now Ga- 
lena), Kent county, Md.; resides at 
Halifax, Dauphin county. Pa. 

Hi. Joseph-Downing, b. March 22, 1849, at 
Galena, Kent county, Md. 

iv. Charles-Brindle, b. February 15, 1851, 



at Fulton House, Lancaster county, 
V. Sarah-Martha, b. December 1, 1852, at 
Philadelphia ; d. March 18, 1878, at 
Easton, Pa. 
m. Harriet- Rebecca, b. April 13, 1855, at 

Milford, Pa. 
vii. John-Milne, b. October 3, 1857, at 

Pottsville, Pa. 
viii. Robert- Chamberlain, b. October 18, 
1859, at Mainayunk, Pa. 
ix. George-Edward, b. April 28, 1868, at 
Manayunk, Pa.; d. March 3, 1865, 
at Eeading. 

XII. Annie Maria Geiger (Bernard, 
Bernard), b. 1830, at Harrisburg," Pa.; d. 
December 12,1862; m., in 1848, David J. 
Unger ; was a merchant at Harrisburg ; was 
lieutenant of the Cameron Guards and 
served in the war with Mexico. They had 
issue : 

i. Charlotte, d. s. p. 
a. George, d. s. p. 
Hi. John-Kunkel, d. s. p. 

XIII. Charlotte Elizabeth Geiger 
(Bernard, Bernard), b. November 19, 1832, 
at Harrisburg; d. May 2, 1863; m. Alexan- 
der Roberts, a civil engineer of Harrisburg ; 
and they had issue : 

i. John-Bernard, 
ii. Alexander. 
Hi. James, 
iv. George. 

The Harris Family of Derry. 

Among the early settlers of this locality 
was William Harris, a native of England, 
and no doubt related to John Harris, the 
pioneer of Harris' Ferry. He settled on the 
Swatara one and one-half miles above Mid- 
dletown. He was born in 1701 and died on 
the 4th of April, 1754. His wife was Catha- 
rine Douglass, of the family of Sir Robert 
Douglass, of Scotland, born in 1709, dying 
August 7, 1780, aged 71 years. William 
Harris and his wife are buried in old Derry 
graveyard; The record of the children of 
these pioneers, as copied from an old Bible, 
marked " James Harris, his Book," reads as 
follows : 

2. " James Harris wass born the 16th of 
January, being Friday, 1739. 

" Sarah Harris wass born the 20th day of 
March, it being Saturday, 1741. 

"John Harris wass born November the 
20th, it being Friday, 1746. 

" William Harris wass born November the 
20th, it being Wednesday, 1749. 

" Mary Harris wass born July the 22d, it 
being Thursday, 1752." 

There appears to have been another entry 
in 1753, but it is illegible. As the youngest 
son, Robert, was born that year it was evi- 
dently his birth record. 

William Harris died the year after (1754). 
A distribution of his estate was not made, 
however, until 1763, when, on the 6th of 
September, the Orphans' Court, held at Lan- 
caster, directed the following : 

" To Catharine Harris, widow of the de- 
ceased, the interest of one-third, in lieu of 
her dower ; James, the eldest son, one-third 
as the remainder, or two shares ; while the 
other children — Sarah, John, Mary, and 
Robert — were to receive one share ; the 
dower to be divided among the same upon 
the decease of the widow. The personal 
property was also distributed in the same 
proportion, and their uncle James Harris, 
was appointed guardian of Robert, Mary, 
and John. 

Robert Harris, the j'oungest child, studied 
medicine and served as a surgeon of the 
Pennsylvania Line during the Revolution. 
He was a valuable officer and highly es- 
teemed by his confreres in that glorious 
struggle. Dr. Harris died of quinsy at the 
house of John Phillips, inn-keeper, the sign 
of the Blue Ball, almost twenty miles west 
of Philadelphia, in Tredyffrin township, 
Chester county, on the night of the 4th of 
March, 1785. His will was written by An- 
drew Gordon, at his request, and is dated 
March 3, 1785, " recorded May 3, 1785, and 
remains in the register's office in Paxtang, 
Dauphin county." Letters of administra- 
tion with the will annexed were granted to 
Mary Harris, the wife of his brother James. 
Dr. Harris willed the interest of a part of 
his personal estate to his brother John Har- 
ris during his lifetime, and then the princi- 
ple to fall to Robert, son of James. His 
land (donation land), when surveyed, he 
allowed to Laird Harris, son of James. 
From a receipt still in existence, tombstones 
were purchased in Philadelphia, and as 
there are no records in the graveyard at 
Derr}'^ or Paxtang, the presumption is that 
he was interred at Tredyffrin. The papers 
of Dr. Harris, which would be of undoubted 
historic value, were burned by a member of 



the famil}^ some forty years ago, to prevent 
their falling into the hands of strangers. His 
medicine chest is in the possession of his 
grand-nephew, William L. Harris, of East 
Buffalo township, Union county. 

Of Sarah and Mary Harris, daughters of 
William, we have no record. 

II. James Harris, the eldest child, mar- 
ried, June 2, 1768, Mary Laird, daughter of 
William Laird and Catharine Spencer. She 
was born April 28, 1750 (O. S.), and died De- 
cember 13, 1842, and interred in the ceme- 
tery at Lewisburg. James Harris died April 
30, 1 787, and is buried at Derry. The chil- 
dren of James Harris and Mary Laird were 
as follows : 

i. William, b. Wednesday, April 28, 
1769; d. February 2, 1785, and 
buried at Derry. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. Thursday, July 18, 1770; 
d. May 20, 1842; m. Thomas 
Howard, d. January 15, 1842. 
Hi. Catharine, b. Thursday, April 2, 1772 ; 
d. December 28, 1784, and buried 
at Derry. 

iv. Jean, h. January 6, 1774 ; d. Decem- 
ber 5, 1839. 

V. Laird, b. Tuesday, February 22, 1776 ; 
d. June 30, 1804. 

vi. Robert, b. Sunday, November 22, 

1777 ; d. at Lewisburg. 
vii. Sarah, b. Saturday, September 4, 1779 ; 
d. December 30, 1827, unm. 
S.viii. James, b. Wednesday, June 13, 1781; 
m. Sarah Bell. 

ix. Matthew, h. Fridav, August 13, 1784; 
d. February 13," 1873. 

X. William- Laird, b. Thursday, May 17, 
1786; d. November 11, 1845; was 
a member of the Pennsylvania As- 
semby in 1833, and of the Constitu- 
tional Convention 1837-8. 

James Harris took and subscribed the 
oath of allegiance and fidelity to the State 
and Colonies on the 14th day of July, 1777, 
before Joshua Elder, magistrate at Paxtang. 
He served in the army and was at the battles 
of Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine and 
Germantown. During the year 1778 he was 
in service with his wagon and team in the 
Jerseys. After his death his widow removed 
about 1792, to Buffalo Valley, then North- 
umberland and now Union county. 

III. James Harris (James, William), b. 
June 13, 1781, in Derry township, Dauphin 
county, Pa.; d. July 1, 1868, in Buffalo Val- 

ley, Union county. Pa.; m., October, 1819) 
Sarah Bell. They had issue : 
i. William-Laird, b. 1821. 
ii. James-Spencer, h. 1823. 
m. Samuel-Bell, b. 1825. 
iv. Mary-Laird, b. 1827. 
V. Robert-Douglass, b. 1829. 
vi. Ann- Berry hill, b. 1831. 
vii. Sarah- Clementina, b. 1833. 
via. Caroline-Douglass, h.l8S5; d.l864. 

ix. Berryhill-Bell, b. 1837. 
Of this family of Harris' none remain in 
this locality. Like their neighbors of a 
century and more ago, their descendants 
have sought new homes, while only the brief 
tombstone inscriptions in deserted grave- 
yards, and the mere mention of a name here 
and there on the old records, tell of the brave 
and hardy ancestry. 

The Hayes of Derry. 

Patrick Hayes, born in county Donegal, 
Ireland, in 1705, came to Pennsylvania in 
company with his brothers, Hugh, William, 
and James, about 1728, all of whom took up 
land in what is now Derry township. On 
the assessment list for 1751 the name of 
James is wanting. He probably died prior 
to that period, while Hugh and William 
followed the Virginia and Carolina migra- 
tion of the few years subsequent. Patrick 
remained and died in Derry on the 31st of 

January, 1790. His wife, Jean , 

whom he married in 1729, died October 15, 
1792. Both are buried in old Derry church- 
yard. They had children as follows : 

i. David, b. 1731; m. Martha Wilson, 
daughter of James Wilson ; he in- 
herited what is now the Felty 
ii. Robert,h. February 2, 1733 ; m., March 
25, 1762, Margaret Wray, of Derry; 
was an officer of the Revolution ; 
he inherited what is now the Long- 
necker farm ; he built his house iu 
1762, and his stone barn in 1772; 
the latter was torn down in 1850. 
Robert and Margaret Hayes had — 
Jean, b. 1763, d. 1817; John, b. 
1765, m. Margaret Gray : Patrick, 
b. 1767, m. Mickey, of Cum- 
berland county; Margaret, b. 1769, 
m. William Thome, of Hanover; 
Robert, b. 1771, m., first, Jean 
Hayes, daughter of Capt. Patrick 



Hayes, and secondly, 

— Hen- 
derson, of Shippensburg; David, b. 
1773, d. October 8, 1796 ; Samuel, b. 
1775, d. unm.; James, b. 1777. d. 
1798; William, b. 1779, removed 
to Virginia; Solomon, b. 1781, d. 
s. p.; Joseph, b. 1783, m. and went 
to Equality, III. Robert Hayes d. 
June 6, 1809; his wife Margaret, 
January 6, 1820; aged 77 years. 

Hi. Eleanor, b. 1735; m., February 6, 
1755, Patrick Campbell, son of John 
Campbell, of Derry ; their daughter 
married the Rev. Joshua Williams. 

iv. William, b. 1737 ; m., October 6, 1767, 
Jean Taylor, and removed to Vir- 

V. Jean, b. 1739 ; m., October 31, 1765, 
William Scott. 

m. Samuel b. 1741 ; m. and removed to 

vii. Patrick, b. 1743; m. McAl- 
lister, sister of Capt. Archibald Mc- 
Allister; was Capt. Patrick Hayes 
of the Revolution ; removed to Ly- 
coming county and died there about 
1812; he inherited the farm in 
Derry, now owned by Mr. Hershey. 

The Hershey Family. 

I. Andrew Hershey, b. 1702, in Switzer- 
land ; removed early in life with his parents 
to the Palatinate. In the year 1719 he and 
his brother Benjamin sailed for America and 
settled in Lancaster county. Pa. His brother 
Ch ristian followed in 1739 ; and all three were 
chosen ministers in the Mennonite Church. 
Andrew Hershey died in 1792, aged ninety 
years. There was issue : 

i. Christian, b. 1734; d. January, 1783; 
m. Elizabeth Hiestand, daughter of 
Abraham Hiestand, of Hempfield, 
Lancaster county. Pa. 
2. ii. Andrew, h. 1736 ; m., first, Magdalena 
Baughman; secondly, Maria Acker. 
Hi. John. 

iv. Benjamin, d. prior to 1780, and had 
Elizabeth, m. Henry Landis, Benja- 
min, and Mary. 
V. Jacob, resided in Hempfield township ; 
d. prior to 1767, at which time his 
children, Maria and Ann, were 
above fourteen years but not of age. 
vi. Abraham, 
vii. Isaac. 

via. Henry. 
ix. Catharine. 
X. Maria, 
xi. Odti. 

II. Andrew Hershey (Andrew), b. 1736, 
in Lancaster county. Pa.; d. July 16, 1806 ; 
was twice married ; m. Magdalena Baugh- 
man ; d. prior to 1763 ; daughter of Micliael 
Baughman, and had issue : 

i. Catharine, b. 1760. 
He m., secondly, Maria Acker, b. Septem- 
ber 26, 1743 ; d. September 13, 1831. They 
had issue : 

ii. Anna, b. February 28, 1762. 
Hi. Jacob, b. October 2, 1765. 
iv. Maria, b. May 23, 1768. 
3. V.Andrew, b. September 14, 1770; m. 
Esther Kauffman. 
vi. Henry, b. December 19, 1772. 
vii. Elizabeth, b. December 5, 1775. 
via. John, h. March 31, 1783. 

III. Andrew Hershey (Andrew, An- 
drew), b. September 14, 1770 ; d. August 1, 
1835 ; m. Esther Kauffman, b. May 31, 1770; 
d. March 3, 1829. They had issue : 

i. Christian, b. December 22, 1796; d. 

September 5, 1834. 
ii. Anna, b. July 15, 1799. 
Hi. Andrew, h. January 15, 1802. 
iv. Maria, b. December 9, 1804. 
V. Catharine, b. January 15, 1809. 
vi. Esther, b. September 11, 1811. 
vii. Barbara, b. December 9, 1814. 
via. Elizabeth (twin), b. December 9, 1814. 
ix. John, b. March 14, 1815. 
X. Magdalena, b. March 20, 1821. 
In addition to the foregoing, which evi- 
dently refers to one branch of the family, we 
have the following : 

Benedict Hershey died prior to 1763, 
leaving a wife Judith, and children : 
i. Jacob. 
ii. Barbara. 
Hi. Andrew, 
iv. Peter. 
V. John, 
vi. Esther. 

Andrew Hershey, of Londonderry town- 
ship, Dauphin county, died in 1792, leaving 
a wife, and children : 
i. Benjamin. 
ii. Henry. 

Hi. Christian, of Manor township. 
iv. Andrew, of Donegal township. 
V. John, m. Magdalena . 



Hoffman Family of Lykens Valley. 

I. Among the earliest settlers of the Wico- 
nisco Valley was John Peter Hoffman, a na- 
tive of Germany, born in 1709. With others 
of his family and friends he came to Amer- 
ica in 1739, in the ship Robert and Alice, 
Capt. Walter Goodman, arriving at Phila- 
delphia in Septeuiberof that year. He first 
located in Berks county, where he worked at 
his trade, that of a carpenter. During the 
early Indian troubles on the frontiers he 
served some time as a soldier in the Provin- 
cial forces. About the year 1750 he came to 
the end of Short mountain in Lyken's Val- 
ley, where he built a small log house, just 
across the road from the present residence 
of Daniel Romberger. Sixty years ago this 
was used as a blacksmith shop. John Peter 
Hoffman was the contemporary of Andrew 
and John Lycans or Lykens, Ludwig Shott, 
John Rewalt, and others, and with them 
driven off by the Indians in their marauds 
of 1756. It was subsequent to this period 
that he brought his family to the valley. 
Here he followed farming, and died in 1798 
at the age of eighty-nine years. His remains 
with those of his wife who had deceased pre- 
viously were interred in the field near the 
present house on the old farm now owned by 
Mr. Romberger, before named. He left issue, 
among others : 

i. Catherine, m. Andrew Reigle, the head 
of a large family of that name in 
the "Upper End." They both 
reached the age of four score years. 
a. Barbara, m. George BufBngton, a sol- 
dier of the Revolution, and the 
head of the family of that name. 
Hi. Elizabeth, m. Ludwig Sheetz, the head 
of the large family of that name. 

2. iv. John, b. 1746 ; m. Miss Kauffman. 

3. V. John- Nicholas, b. 1749 ; m. Margaret 

Harm an. 

4. vi. Christian, b. 1752 ; m. Miss Deibler. 

II. John Hoffman (John-Peter), eldest 
son of John Peter Hoffman, was a native of 
Berks county, born in 1746. He served in 
the war of the Revolution, and commanded 
the Upper Paxtang company in its expe- 
dition up the West Branch in 1778, and 
participated in the battle at Muncy Hill. 
He resided near Hoffman's church, on the 
farm now owned by George Williard. He 
was a farmer, and served as a justice of the 
peace from 1771 until 1831, the year of his 
death. He and his wife, a Miss Kauffman, 

are buried in Hoffman's church graveyard. 
They had issue : 

i. Elizabeth, m. John Hoffman, a farmer. 
They resided near Hoffman's 
church, on the farm now owned by 
George Row. 
ii. Maria, m. Joseph Neagley, a farmer, 
who resided in the lower part of the 
valley. They had a large family, 
and lived to advanced ages. 
Hi. Magdalena, m. Thomas Koppenheffer. 
He was a captain in Col. Timothy 
Green's battalion, and was at the 
battle of Long Island. Mrs. Kop- 
penheffer lived to be over four 
score years of age. 
iv. Catharine, m. John Buffington, a 
farmer, who resided on the farm 
adjoining Robert Elder's, now 
owned by Jacob Hartman. Mr. 
Buffington was county commis- 
sioner from 1822 to 1824. 
V. Barbara, b. 1800 ; m. John N. Specht. 
She d. in 1879. 

5. vi. John, m. Miss Deibler. 

vii. Jacob, married and removed to 
Schuylkill county, where some of 
his descendants yet reside. 

6. via. Daniel, m. Miss Snyder. 

III. John Nicholas Hoffman (John- 
Peter), was born in Tulpehocken township, 
Berks county, in the year 1749. He settled 
on the farm now owned by Benjamin Rick- 
ert, near Short mountain. He was the 
owner of a large tract of land, at present 
divided into a number of farms. He deeded 
land to the congregation of Hoffman''s 
church, for church, school and burial pur- 
poses. He was a soldier of the Revolution, 
and participated in the battles of Brandy- 
wine and German town. His life was an 
active, busy and useful one. He was mar- 
ried, April 22, 1772, by Pastor Kurtz, of the 
Lutheran church, to Margaret Harman, also 
a native of Berks county. They had issue: 
i. Catharine, b. 1775; m. Peter Shoff- 
stall. They resided near Gratz- 
town, and died at advanced ages, 
leaving a large family. 
ii. Susanna, m. Levi Buffington, a car- 
penter. He built the Hoffman 
Hi. Sarah, m. Jonathan Snyder. They 
moved to Wayne county, Ohio, 
near Wooster, where they both 
lived to upwards of ninetj^ years of 
age ; their son Daniel resides there. 



7. V. 


O. Vll. 

9. TOM, 

10. ix. 

11. 3^ 


Margaret, m. Alexander Klinger, and 

removed to Crawford county, Pa. 

She died a few years ago at the age 

of 98. 
Peter, b. September 22, 1778 ; m. Miss 

Elizabeth, b. 1780 ; d. in Sugar Valley, 

over 91 years of age; m. Jacob 

Jacob, b. 1782 ; m. Catharine Ferree. 
Daniel, b. 1784; m. Hannah Ferree. 
Nicholas, h. 1790; m. 
John, h. 1794 ; m. 
George,h. 1798; resided in Gratztown; 

was appointed justice of the peace 

in 1834. 

IV. Christian Hoffman (John-Peter), b. 
1752; resided on the old homestead at the 
end of Short mountain. He died in Powell's 
Valley. He was a soldier of the Revolution 
and an active citizen in the " Upper End." 
He married Susannah Deibler, daughter of 
Albright Deibler, and died in Armstrong 
Valley at the age of 87. They had issue: 

i. Anna-Mary, m. John Pies, and left a 
large family. They resided at Sand 
Spring, in the upper end of Powell's 

ii. Susannah, m. Philip Shott, and had a 
large family. 

Hi. Catharine, m. Jonathan Novinger; re- 
moved to Indiana. Cyrus Novinger, 
of Millersburg, is their son. 
12. iv. John-B., b. 1790 ; m. Margaret Bow- 

V. Jonas, was a farmer, and resided at 
the foot of Peter's mountain, where 
he died. 

TO. Peter, was a farmer; m. and resided 
near Fisherville, where he died, 
leaving a large family. 
vii. Christian, was a farmer; resided near 

Snyder's mill, Lykens Valley. 
viii. Daniel-Q., b. 1795, was a farmer and 
resided near Fisherville; sixty 
years ago m. Susannah Harman, 
now 85 years of age; was a justice 
of the peace a long time, and held 
other offices. 

ix. Philip, b. about 1800; was justice of 
the peace for Jefferson township. 

V. John Hoffman (John, John-Peter), re- 
sided near his father; was a farmer, and 
held the office of justice of the peace until he 
received the appointment of steward of the 
county almshouse in 1824, a position he held 

until 1838 when he was elected register, 
serving until 1841; was the first local 
preacher in the valley, built the first fulling 
and carding mill in the Upper End, where 
Samuel Wolf now resides in Lykens town- 
ship. He was married four times, his first 
wife being a Miss Deibler, sister to Daniel 
Deibler, Sr., and left a large family. 

VI. Daniel Hoffman (John, John-Peter), 
m. Miss Snyder, and had one son, Daniel, Jr., 
a distinguished civil engineer, residing in 
Philadelphia. John R., a sou of the latter, 
also a civil engineer in the employ of the 
Summit Branch Railroad and Coai Com- 
pany, resides at Pottsville. Daniel Hoflf- 
man, Sr., died young, in Lykens Valley, and 
his widow subsequently married John Hoke. 

VII. Peter Hoffman (John-Nicholas, 
John-Peter), was born on the 22d of Septem- 
ber, 1778. He was a farmer and owned the 
farm now in the occupancy of William 
Hawk. He was a soldier of the war of 1812 
and died in 1864, aged 86 years. He mar- 
ried Mollie Lubold, sister of Frederick Lu- 
bold. They are both buried in the Hoffman 
church graveyard. They had issue: 

i. Daniel, m. Miss Rissinger and re- 
moved to Crawford county. Pa., 
where his son Joshua now resides. 
Another son, Jonas, a carpenter, re- 
sides at Lykens. Daniel died a few 
years ago aged 73 years. 

ii. Jacob-Peter, was quite a politician and 
died a few years ago in Lykens, 
where his widow and children now 
Hi. John-Peter, b. in 1806 ; m. Elizabeth 
Umholtz, daughter of J. Philip 
Umholtz ; was a farmer residing 
near Short mountain. Their son, 
Henry-B., resided at Millersburg, 
and John-P., in Powell's Valley. 

iv. Catharine, m. Daniel Reigle. Mr. 
Reigel was county commissioner, 

V. Elizabeth, m. Philip Keiser. Their 
son Daniel was a member of the 
Legislature, 1863-4. 

TO. Hannah, m. Samuel Thomas. 

VIII. Jacob Hoffman (John-Nicholas, 
John-Peter), b. in 1782, purchased his father's 
farm. He was a well-informed farmer, and 
was exceedingly popular. He filled several 
local offices, and in 1833 and 1834 served in 
the Legislature. He was quite prominent in 



the church, and a zealous Christian. He 
married Catharine Ferree. They had issue: 
i. Amos, b. 1809 ; m. Amanda, daughter 
of the late Gen. Thomas Harper ; 
was for a number of years steward 
of the almshouse, and resided at 
Berrysburg. At one time he had 
five sous in the Union army, Col. 
Thomas-W., Capt. Jacob-F., John- 
H., Edwin-A., and Henry, 
ii. Jacob-B., resided near Williamstbwn. 
Hi. Hannah, m. John Romberger. 
iv. Sarah, m. Michael Forney. 
v. Catharine, m. Abram Hess. 

IX. Daniel Hoffman ' (John-Nicholas, 
John-Peter), was born in 1784 ; was a farmer, 
and served in the war of 1812. He died in 
1830 at the age of 46 years. He married 
Hannah Ferree, and had issue : 

i. David, was a merchant and justice of 
the peace. He died and is buried 
at Berrysburg. His son, Danel-C, 
became superintendent of a Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee railroad, and 
died of yellow fever in 1878 at 
Louisville, Ky. 

ii. Jacob-B., was a county commissioner 
and twice sheriff; resided at Har- 
risburg ; of his family Isaac- W. is 
agent of the Northern Central rail- 
way at Millersburg ; Adam, United 
States postal route agent; George- 
E., d. 1888; Ada, m. M. Wilson 
McAlarney, an attorney-at-law, 
postmaster at Harrisburg 1874- 
1886, now editor Daily Telegraph ; 
Elmira, m. Joseph C. McAlarney, a 
lawyer, of Harrisburg ; Rebecca, and 

Hi. Daniel, is a miner and resides at Ly- 

iv. Joseph, resided at Hummelstown. 
V. Hannah, m. Isaac Uhler, a miller. 

vi. Elmira, m. John S. Musser, who was 
county commissioner 1860-62; re- 
sided at Millersburg. 

X. Nicholas Hoffman (John-Nicholas, 
John-Peter), was born in 1790 — a farmer, 
and served in the war of 1812. He died in 
1874 at the age of eighty -four. He had 

i. John-Nicholas, was director of the 
poor; resided in Washington town- 
ii. Isaac, was county commissioner 

Hi. Sarah, m. 

Sheaffer ; their 

daughter Mary married William B. 
Meetch, former register of the 
iv., resided on the old homestead. 

XI. John Hoffman (John-Nicholas, John- 
Peter), b. in 1794, was a soldier in the war 
of 1812 ; a tailor by trade, and resided near 
Berrysburg, where he died. He left a large 
family. George, Daniel and Henry Katter- 
man, severally, married daughters of John 

XII. John B. Hoffman (Christian, John- 
Peter), b. in L790 ; was a blacksmith by 
trade; served in the war of 1812, in which 
he was promoted a lieutenant colonel. He 
filled a number of responsible official posi- 
tions, and died in 1875, aged eighty-five 
years. He married Margaret Bowman and 
left a large family, most of whom reside in 
Powell's Valley. 

Marcus Hulings and His Family. 

From data in our possession we are able to 
give the year of the location of an early 
settler at the mouth of the Juniata, that of 
Marcus Hulings in 1753. Day and Rupp, 
relying upon tradition, give the time " possi- 
bly as early as 1735." It is a matter of his- 
tory that all the settlers on Shearman's 
creek and the Juniata had been removed by 
the sheriff, Andrew Work's posse in 1750, 
and the houses of the settlers burned ; so 
that it was not for two or three years at least 
afterwards that the hardy frontiersman ven- 
tured to build his rude cabin on the forbid- 
den land. It is stated by Watson that 
Marcus Hulings came from Marcus Hook on 
the Delaware. Nevertheless, the Hulings 
were among the earliest settlers on that 
river, locating there long before the founder 
came over and constituted the grand old 
Commonwealth called for him. The name 
is spelled Uhling, Hewlings and Hulings, 
and is Swedish. 

A few years after locating on the Juniata 
came Braddock's defeat, and all the horrors 
of an Indian war followed. In the spring 
after (1756) the savages had reached the Sus- 
quehanna: but the few scattered frontiers- 
men were unequal for the conflict, and were 
obliged to flee. Some lingered too long, for 
the wily red man came down suddenly and 
the tomahawk and scalping-knife were reek- 



ing with the life-blood of the hardy, but 
unfortunate pioneers. Mr. Huhngs, on be- 
ing apprised of the near approach of the 
savages, hurriedly packed up a few valuables 
and, placing his wife and youngest child 
upon a large black horse (the other children 
having previously been removed to a place 
of safety) fled to the point of the island, ready 
to cross over at the first alarm. Forgetting 
something in the haste, and thinking the 
Indians might not have arrived, Mr. Hulings 
ventured to return alone to the house. 
After carefull}'- reconnoitering, he entered, 
and found, to his surprise, an Indian upstairs 
"cooly picking his flint." Stopping some 
time to parley with the savage, so that he 
might retreat without being shot at; the de- 
lay, to his wife, seemed , unaccountable and, 
fearing he had been murdered, she whipped 
up her horse and swam the Susquehanna. 
The water was quite high, but, nowise 
daunted, she succeeded in reaching the op- 
posite shore in safety. Mr. Hulings soon 
appeared, and finding the animal with his 
wife and child had disappeared, in turn he 
became alarmed, but a signal from the east- 
ern shore of the stream relieved his anxiety, 
and he himself, by means of a light canoe, 
was safe from pursuit. The fugitives suc- 
ceeded in reaching Fort Hunter, where the 
Baskins and others of their neighbors had 
congregated and the inhabitants of Paxtang 
had rallied for a defense. 

It was not until the fall of Fort Duquesne, 
and the erection of Fort Pitt, that Marcus 
Hulings returned to his farm with his family. 
A year after, however, we find him at the 
Forks of the Ohio, where he took up a quan- 
tity of land. In the meantime, encroach- 
ments were being made upon his lands on 
the Juniata, and in 1762 we have the fojlow- 
lowing letter, protesting against the same : 

" Fort Pitt, May the 7th, 1762. 
" To William Peters, Esq., Secretorey to the 

Propriatorries in land office in Philadelphia, 


" The Petitioner hereof humbly showeth 
his grievance in a piece of uncultivated 
land, laying in Cumberland County, on the 
Northwest side of Juneadey, laying in the 
verry Forks and point between the two 
rivers, Susquehanna and Juneadey, a place 
that I Emprovedand lived on one Year and 
a half on the said place till the enemeyes in 
the beginning of the last Warrs drove me 
away from it, and I have had no opertunity 

yet to take out a Warrant for it; my next 
neighbour wass one Joseph Greenwood, who 
sold his emprovement to Mr. Neaves, a 
merchant in Philadelphia, who took out a 
warrant for the s'd place, and gave it into 
the hands of Collonel John Armstrong, who 
is Surveyor for Cumberland County ; and 
while I was absent from them parts last 
Summer, Mr. Armstrong runed out that 
place Joyning me, for Mr. Neaves; and as 
my place layes in the verry point, have en- 
croached too much on me and Take away 
part of Improvements ; the line Desided be- 
tween me and Joseph Greenwood was up to 
the first small short brook that empyed into 
Susquehannah above the point, and if I 
should have a strait line run'd from the one 
river to the other with equal front on each 
River from that brook, I shall not have 300 
acres in that survey ; the land above my 
house upon Juneadey is much broken and 
stone}^ I have made a rough draft of the 
place and lines, and if Your Honour will be 
pleased to see me righted, the Petitioner 
hereof is in Duty bound ever for you to 
pray ; from verry humble serv't, 

" Marcus Hulings." 

With the foregoing he sent the following 
note to Mr. Peters : 

" May ye 17th, 1762. 

" Sir : I have left orders for Mr. Mathias 
Holston living in Upper Merrion of Phila- 
delphia county, to take out two warrants for 
me, one for the Point between the two Riv- 
ers, and one for the Improvements I have in 
the place called the Onion bottom on the 
south side of Juneadey right aposite to the 
other, where I lived six months before I 
moved to the other place; from your hum- 
ble servant, Marcus Hulings." 

Directed to " William Peters, Esq., Secretorey 
to the Propriatories land office In Philadel- 

With these letters is the " rough draught" 
of the land at the mouth of the Juniata, 
which would be worth reproducing, as no 
description we can give will convey an accu- 
rate idea of it. Three islands are noted. 
One now known as Duncan's Island is 
marked " Island " and house as " Widdow 
Baskins." The large island in the Susque- 
hanna known as Haldeman's Island con- 
taining three houses — the one to the south- 
ern point " Francis Baskins " one-third 
further up, on the Susquehanna side, 
" George Clark," while about the center that 



of " Francis Ellis." Oa the north point is 
the word " Island." Almost opposite, on the 
east bank of the Susquehanna, is " James 
Reed's" house ; while between the center of 
the island and the western shore is a small 
triangular " Island," so marked. On " the 
point" between the " Susquehannah River " 
and the " Juneadey River," near the bank of 
the latter stream, is "Hulings' house." 
Some distance from "the point " is a straight 
line running from river to river on which is 
written " this is the way I want my line ;" 
while beyond on the West Branch of the 
Susquehannah nearly opposite " James 
Reed's " house is " Mr. Neave's house." 
Farther up the river, opposite a small 
island is " Francis Ellis' " house. A circuit-^ 
ous line denominated " Mr. Neave's line," 
crosses the straight line referred to which in- 
cluded " Part of Hulings' Improvement." 
On the south side of the Juniata below the 
mouth thereof is "William Kerl's" house; 
opposite the point of Duncan's Island, 
" James Baskins' " house, while " Hulings' 
house" (another improvement) is farther up 
—in what is named the " Onion bottom." 
Beyond this on the same side of the Juniata 
is a house marked " Cornelius Acheson, who 
has encroached upon Hulings' Improvement 
in the Onion bottom — settled there last 
Spring." Opposite the islands on the east 
bank of the Susquehanna are " Peter's moun- 
tain " and " narroughs." We suppose Mr. 
Hulings was " righted," as he desired. 

Becoming discontented with the situation 
at Pittsburgh, Hulings sold his claim for 
£200 and returned to his home at the mouth 
of the Juniata, where he made considerable 
improvements. He established a ferry, and 
built, says Watson, a causeway at the upper 
end of Duncan's Island for pack horses to 

Marcus Hulings' home was lately in the 
possession of Dr. George N. Reutter. He 
originally owned all the land between the 
Susquehanna and Juniata below New Buf- 
falo, and had also a tract of land at the 
mouth of Shearman's creek, then in Rye 
township, Cumberland county, but now 
Penn township. Perry county. 

Mr. Hulings died in September, 1788, and 
is buried in a graveyard near Losh's Run. 
Mrs. Hulings, whose maiden name has not 
come down to us, was a remarkable woman, 
and on more than one occasion forded the 
Susquehanna and wended her way to the 
mill at Fort Hunter with a small bag of 

grain — when waiting till it was ground, she 
hastened homeward. This, however, was 
only in the first years of their pioneer life, 
for shortly after a grist mill was erected on 
Shearman's creek. She was a brave and in- 
trepid pioneer woman, and a noble wife for 
the hardy frontiersman. She died prior to 
the Revolution and is buried in the same 
graveyard with her husband, but their 
graves are unmarked. They had five chil- 
dren who survived their parents : 

I. Marcus, the eldest, born in 1747, pos- 
sibly never returned with his father from 
Fort Pitt. He erected a large stone tavern 
and established a ferry on the south side of 
the Monongahela river, opposite the foot of 
Liberty street, Pittsburgh. It was afterwards, 
says Mr. Isaac Craig, for half a century 
known as Jones' ferry house, and as fre- 
quently noted in the journals of travelers 
abo.ut the commencement of the present cen- 
tury. He seems to have been quite promi- 
nent on the western frontiers and is fre- 
quently made mention of. Gen. Richard 
Butler, one of the commissioners appointed 
to hold treaties with the Northern and 
Western Indians, in his journal of October 
1,1785, says: "I fortunately recommended 
the employment of one Mr. Huling, who I 
find to be a very useful, active and ingenious 
man, he goes ahead with a small canoe to 
search out the channel, which we find to be 
very crooked." This was no doubt Marcus 
Hulings. In the journal of Gen. Joseph 
Buell, the arrival at Fort Harmar of 
" Uhling, a trader on the river," is mentioned 
three times, November 5 and December 3, 
1786, and on the 4th of January, 1787. For 
more than ten years subsequent to 1790, 
Marcus Hulings was employed by Major 
Isaac Craig, quartermaster at Pittsburgh, in 
transporting military stores up the Alle- 
gheny to Fort Franklin and to Presqu' Isle, 
and down the Ohio and Mississippi to the 
military posts on those streams. Major 
Craig's letter-books and papers contain 
ample evidence that Marcus Hulings was a 
faithful and reliable man in all his under- 
takings. We have no knowledge as to his 
subsequent career, although we are informed 
that he died in Tennessee. He left descend- 

II. Mae^, b. in 1749; m., 1st, Thomas 
Simpson ; 2d, on January 18, 1780, William 
Stewart. They had four children. She d. 
February 22, 1790. Mr. Stewart afterwards 
m. Mrs. Martha Espy, widow of James Espy. 



III. Samuel, b. in 1751, also located on 
the Ohio. He owned an island in the Alle- 
gheny called Hulings', and we presume is 
yet known by that name. Samuel Hulings 
married and left issue. 

IV. James, b. in 1/53 ; we have no knowl- 
edge whatever. 

V. Thomas Hulings, youngest son of 
Marcus Hulings, who succeeded to the pater- 
nal estate, b. March 3, 1755; d. in Buffalo 
township. Perry county, March, 1808. He 
was a prominent man in the locality, and 
served on several important State commis- 
sions. He was twice married ; 1st, to Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Gen. Frederick Watts, of 
the Revolution, and Jane Murray, his wife, 
b. July 7, 1749; d. July 15, 1801. They had 
issue : 

i. Rebecca, b. March 25, 1789 ; m., May 
21, 1811, Robert Callender Duncan, 
son of Judge Duncan, of Carlisle, 
from whom Duncan's Island de- 
rives the name. She died in April, 
1850, leaving two children : Dr. 
Thomas Duncan, who d. in 1879, 
without issue; and Benjamin Styles 
Duncan, who d. in 1870, leaving 
four children now residing on Dun- 
can's Island. It may be here re- 
marked that Mrs. Duncan, in her 
will, says, " of Isle Ben venue." 
ii. Marcus, b. February 11, 1791 ; re- 
moved to the South ; m. and left 

Hi. Frederick- Watts, b. March 9, 1792 ; m. 
and settled in Tennessee, where he 
became quite prominent, being at 
one time speaker of the House of 
Representatives of that State. He 
was a captain in the Confederate 
army, and while attempting to get 
on a train of cars during the Rebel- 
lion was severely injured, from the 
efferts of which he died at his then 
residence. New Orleans. He left 

vi. David- Watts, h. 1793; m. Maria Pat- 
ton, of Lewistown. He studied law 
and was admitted to the Dauphin 
county bar April 21, 1823. He be- 
came the possessor of the old home- 
stead, but afterwards disposed of it 
and purchased largely near Lewis- 
town. He bought Hope Furnace, 
which he greatly improved. He 
represented Mifflin county in the 

Legislature. Subsequently he re- 
moved to Baltimore, where he died 
leaving children, Thomas, Maria, 
Ellen, Mary, and Lizzie. Thomas 
married a daughter of General 
Thomas, of Washington, D. C; 
was a colonel in the Civil war, 
and killed in the battle of the 
Wilderness. Maria married Lloyd 
Williams, a lawyer, of Baltimore. 
Ellen married Charles Denison, of 
Wilkes-Barre. Mary married Good- 
win Williams, of Baltimore, and 
Elizabeth married Chauncey Rey- 
nolds, of Wilkes-Barre. The latter 
are' both widows, residing at Balti- 
V. Mary, b. May 8, 1798 ; m. James S. 
Espy, of Harrisburg, and had two 
children, both of whom are de- 
Thomas Hulings married, secondly, Re- 
becca, daughter of Andrew and Rebecca 
Berryhill, of Harrisburg, and had issue : 
vi. Eleanor, b. 1803 ; m. John Keagy, of 
Harrisburg, and had issue: Thomas 
and Rebecca, both residing at Balti- 
more. After Mr. Keagy's death, 
she married Dr. Joseph Ard, of 
Lewistown, whom she survived. 
She died at Baltimore in June, 
vii. Elizabeth, b. 1805 ; m. James Dickson, 
of Lewistown, and had issue : Annie 
and William. The latter died in 
Philadelphia in 1875, leaving 
Annie, who resides at New Bloom- 
field. Mrs. Dickson, the last surviv- 
ing child of Thomas Hulings, died 
at New Bloomfield on the 25th of 
July, 1881. 
via. Julia, m. William Bringhurst, of 
Clarkesville, Tenn., and had issue, 
three boys and three girls ; two of 
the former are dead, the remaining 
children married and are residing 
in Tennessee. 

The Hummel Family. 

I. Frederick Hummel, the founder of 
Hummelstown, was born April 14, 1726, in 
Wurtemberg, Germany ; d. June 24, 1775, in 
Derry township, Lancaster, now Dauphin 
county. Pa. He was twice married ; first, 
Rosina , b. December 20, 1732, in the 



Pfalz, Germany; d. December 26, 1768. They 
had issue: 

2. i. Valentine, b. February 17, 1753; m. 

Anna Eve . 

3. ii. Frederick, b. October 4, 1758 ; m. 

Rachel Rickert. 

4. Hi. David, b. January 9, 1761 ; m. Mary 

iv. Rosina, b. August 9, 1768 ; d. s. p. 
V. Eve, b. 1765 ; m. Peter Fridley. 
Mr. Hummel m., secondly, in 1769, Bar- 
bara Blessing, who d. December, 1797. They 
had issue : 

5. vi. Christian, b. March 24, 1770; m. Sus- 

anna Reist. 
vii. Catharine (twin), b. March 24, 1770 ; 
m. John Wetherholt. 

6. viii. Barbara, b. 1772 ; m. Nicholas Singer. 

7. ix. John, b. September 11, 1774; m. Esther 

z. Ludivig, b. 1775 ; d. inf. 

II. Valentine Hummel (Frederick), b. 
February 17, 1753 ; d. October 20, 1802. His 

wife, Anna Eve , b. December 20, 1 750 ; 

d. September 16, 1830 ; both buried in the Lu- 
theran church graveyard at Hummelstown. 
They had issue: 

i. John, b. March, 1796; d. s. p. 

III. Frederick Hummel (Frederick), b. 
October 4, 1758 ; d. December 7, 1802 ; m. 
Rachel Rickert, daughter of Jacob Rickert, b. 
March 14, 1757; d. November 24, 1835. 
They had issue : 

8. i. Jacob, b. 1780; m. iSusanna Bine- 


9. ii. Frederick, b. July 6, 1782 ; m. Susanna 

Hi. John, b. 1785 ; d. March 10, 1793. 
10. iv. Valentine, b. February 7, 1787 ; m. 
Elizabeth Walborn. 
V.Hannah, h. September 18, 1789; d. 

June 21, 1860; unm. 
vi. David, b. October 29, 1792 ; d. Feb- 
ruary 9, 1805. 
vii. Rosina, h. May 4, 1795 ; d. March 24, 

1876; unm. 
viii. Christina, b. 1797 ; m. David Earnest. 
ix. Rachel, b. November 24, 1799 ; d. 
September 27, 1867; m. Richard 
X. Elizabeth, b. September 23, 1807 ; d. 
March 24, 1836 ; unm. 

IV. David Hummel (Frederick), b. Janu- 
ary 9, 1761 ; d. October 3, 1793 ; m. Mary 
Toot, b. January 11, 1764; d. December 29, 
1858, daughter of David Toot, of Middle- 

town. In the Lutheran church graveyard 
at Hummelstown is a tombstone with the 
following inscription : " Hier Ruhet \ David 
Hummel, \ Er war Gebohren \ den 9ten Januar 
I 1761 und Starb den | Sten October 179S ; 
ist ait war den in | S^JahrSmo \ undH Tag 
ich habe uber imnden, | zu guter nact welt 
Und zog durch Christi wunden \ ins reehti Sie- 
geszelt." They had issue : 

11. i. Frederick,}). December 24, 1782; m. 

Barbara Metzgar. 

12. ii. David, b. September 8, 1784 ; m. Su- 

sanna Kunkel. 

Hi. Leah, b. 1787 ; d. January 20, 1817 ; 
m., December 10, 1811, Henry Lan- 

iv. Mary, b. March 13, 1789 ; d. Novem- 
ber 23, 1863; m. Daniel Baum, b. 
April 19, 1783; d. December 21, 

13. V. Anna, b. May 29, 1791 ; d. October 3, 

1763 ; m. George Stoner. 

14. iv. Joseph, b. August 11, 1793 ; m. Eliza- 

beth Leebrick. 

V. Christian Hummel (Frederick), b. 
March 24, 1770 ; d. March 7, 1837 ; m. Su- 
sanna Reist, b. February 28, 1772 ; d. Sep- 
tember 28, 1854. They had issue ten sons 
and four daughters, of whom we have the 
following : 

15. i. Jacob, b. March 24, 1791 ; m. Justina 

ii. David, b. 1792; accidently drowned 

February 28, 1808. 
Hi. Samuel, b. 1794; m. Kunkel- 

man, and had issue. 
iv. Joseph, b. 1796 ; d. June 19, 1844. 
V. Mary, h. 1798 ; d. February 19, 1829 ; 

m. William Barnett, b. 1793; d. 

September 6, 1828. 
vi. Christian, b. 1803 ; m. and left issue. 

16. vii. David, b. May 16, 1806 ; m. Barbara 


17. mn. John, m. Catharine Weidle. 
ix. Reist, d. s. p. 

X. Michael, d. February, 1829 ; m. Catha- 
rine . 

VI. Barbara Hummel (Frederick), b. 
1774 ; d. March 25, 1834 ; m. Nicholas Singer, 
b. 1769 ; accidentally drowned March 4, 
1815 ; had issue as follows (surname Singer) : 

i. Jacob, m. Elizabeth Andrew. 
ii. Elizabeth, d. s. p. 

Hi. John, m. Binehower. 

iv. David, d. s. p. 
V. Frederick, d. s. p. 



m. George, b. July 19, 1808 ; ra. Nancy 
Christley, b. October 31, 1811 ; d. 
June 23, 1869, and had issue : 

1. Elizabeth-Barbara, m. Herman 


2. Sarah- Rebecca. 

3. David- William, m. Jennie Sel- 


4. Caroline-Margaret, m. John H. 


5. Juliann, m. Ann Sellers. 
vii. Samuel, m. and left issue. 

VII. John Hummel (Frederick), b. Sep- 
tember 11, 1774, d. September 11,1832; m. 
Esther Minsker, b. March 12, 1778 ; d. May 
23, 1832, and buried at Campbellstown. 
They had issue: 

i. Rebecca, b. March 19, 1805 ; d. August 
13, 1868; m. John Blessing, b. 
September 30, 1800 ; d. March 19, 
ii. Frederick. 

Hi. David, m. Catharine Herr, of Lancas- 
ter county, Pa. 
iv. Jesse-B., b. November 4, 1807 ; d. Au- 
gust 11, 1867 ; m. Mary Ann Stoner, 
b. April 22, 1815 ; d. June 14, 1849. 
v. Sabina. 

vi. Michael- Minsker, d. s. p. 
vii. James, 
viii. John, d. s. p. 

VIII. Jacob Hummel (Frederick, Freder- 
ick), b. 1780; d. Novembers, 1850; m.,June 
11, 1805, Susanna Binehower, daughter of 
Peter and Christina Binehower, b. 1783; 
d. December 10, 1845, and left issue : 

i. Peter, b. June 7, 1807 ; d. May 18, 
1868 ; m. Sarah B. Stoner. 

ii. Frederick-A., d. s. p. 

m. Jacob- Binehower, m. and had issue. 

iv. Catharine, m. George Balsbaugh, and 

had issue. 
V. John-H., b. July 18, 1817 ; m. Ann Fox. 

vi. Solomon, d. s. p. 

vii. Valentine-B., b. April 28, 1825 ; d. Oc- 
tober 10, 1879 ; m. Lydia , 

b. November 27, 1827; d. April 20, 
1876, and left issue. 

IX. Frederick Hummel (Frederick, Fred- 
erick), b. July 6, 1782; d. March 28,1831; 
m. Susanna Hamaker, b. March 6, 1783; d. 
April 6, 1855, and had issue : 

i. Savilla, b. December 11, 1803 ; d. De- 
cember 19, 1836. 
ii. Cyrus, b. 1805; m. 

Hi. Elizabeth, b. September 23, 1807 ; d. 

March 24, 1836. 
iv. Valentine, b. March 12, 1812 ; d. Au- 
gust 26, 1880 ; m. Jane Nelson, and 
left issue. 
V. Anna, d. April, 1855 ; m. John Hum- 
mel, of Ohio, and left issue. 
vi. John-Frederick, d. May, 1890. 

vii. George-Washington, m. Kill- 

viii. Richard- Jackson, b. July 25, 1823 ; d. 

August 7, 1845. 
X. Valentine Hummel (Frederick, Fred- 
erick), b. February 7, 1787,atHummelstown; 
d. September 4, 1870; m., March 18, 1813, by 
Rev. F. C. Schaeffer, Elizabeth Walborn, b. 
1797 : d. October 25, 1867 ; daughter of Chris- 
tian Walborn. They had issue : 

i. 3Iary- Walborn, m. Charles L. Berg- 

haus, and had issue. 
ii. Elizabeth, m. William M. Kerr, and 
had Elizabeth, m. Dr. George W. 
Hi. Franklin, d. s. p. 
iv. Caroline, m. Jacob S. Haldeman, and 

had issue. 
V. Richard, b. 1826 ; d. October 6, 1880 ; 
m. Eliza Bucher, and had issue. 

XL Frederick Hummel (David, Freder- 
ick), b. December 24, 1782 ; d. October 31, 
1847 ; m., March 25, 1806, Barbara Metzgar, 
b. September 1, 1779 ; d. November 22, 1861, 
daughter of Jacob Metzgar, of Derry. They 
had issue : 

i. Martin, b. June 8, 1808 ; d. January 
23, 1875 ; m. Barbara Keller, and 
left issue. 
ii. David, d. s. p. 

Hi. Adam, h. June 16, 1810 ; m. Mary 
Berger, of State of New York, and 
had issue. 
iv. George-Toot, b. September 2, 1812 ; d. 
April 15, 1875 ; m. Margaret Earn- 
est ; no issue. 
V. Jacob-Metzgar, b. March 16, 1818 ; m. 

Elizabeth Hertzler. 
vi. Joseph- Frederick, h. January 31,1820; 
m. Ellen Baum, and had issue. 

XII. David Hummel (David, Frederick), 
b. September 8, 1784, at Hummelstown ; d. 
June 30, 1860, at Harrisburg ; m., October 
13, 1807, Susanna Kunkel, b. May 31, 1790; 
d. January 1, 1851, at Harrisburg, daughter 
of Christian Kunkel, and had issue : 

i. Catharine, m. Philip W. Seibert, and 
left issue. 



a. David, m. Sarah Bombaugh, and left 
Hi. Christian, d. s. p. 
iv. Mary, in. Alexander Watson, son of 

Jackson Watson. 
V. Elizabeth, m. William R. Gorgas. 
vi. Susanna, d. s. p. 
vii. George. 

via. Albert, m. Anna Plitt. 
ix. Susan, m. James L. Reily. 
X. Annie, m. Dr. Eli H. Coover. 
xi. Emma. 

XIII. Anna Hummel (David, Frederick), 
b. May 29, 1791; d. October 3, 1863; m. 
George Stoner. They had issue (surname 
Stoner) : 

i. Mary-Ann, ra. Jesse B. Hummel. 
ii. Sarah-B., m. Peter Hummel. 

Hi. Augustus, m. Hetrick. 

iv. David. 

V. Henrietta, m. Major Beinteman, of 

Hamburg, Berks county. Pa. 
vi. Rebecca, m. Dr. Witmer, of Philadel- 
vii. Leah, m. Rev. Jeremiah Smith. 

XIV. Joseph HuMMKL (David, Frederick)) 
b. August 11, 1793; d. April, 18, 1852 ; m. 
Elizabeth Leebrick, b. 1799 ; d. September 
12, 1890, at Hummelstown ; dau. of Philip 
and Mary G. Leebrick. She was a woman 
of great force of character, dignified, yet 
tender, truthful and consistent in all her 
walks through life. They had issue : 

i. Henry-Leebrick, h. 1817 ; m. Adeline 

ii. Elizabeth, m. Frederick Lauman. 
Hi. Richard-Toot, b. March 23, 1821 ; m. 

Mary Coover. 
iv. Mary, m. Benjamin Givler ; resided in 

Mechanicsburg, Pa. 
V. Sarah, m. Martin Early ; resided in 

Palmyra, Pa. 
vi. David-S., m. Catharine Zinn. 
vii. Susan. 

■viii. Caroline, in 1882 was postmistress of 
ix. Anna. 

X. Charles, resided in New York City. 
xi. Joseph-Augustus, d. s. p. 
xii. Edwin, d. s. p. 
xiii. Silas, d. s. p. 

XV. Jacob Hummel (Christian, Freder- 
ick), b. March 24, 1791 ; d. March 13, 3847; 
m., in 1815, Justina Bower, b. September 15, 
1793 ; d. April 15, 1845 ; and left issue : 

i. Louisa- Anna, b. June 6, 1816 ; d. s. p. 

ii. Caroline, b. December 17, 1817; d. 

1852; m. David Dipner and left 

Hi. Levi, b. July 19, 1820. 
iv. Justina, b. December 28, 1822 ; m. 

Benjamin F. Feaster. 
V. Sarah-Elizabeth, b. October 4, 1825 ; 

d. s. p. 
vi. Abner, b. October 2, 1827 ; m. Eliza- 
beth Alexander, b. March 4, 1852, 

and had issue : Sarah-Elizabeth, m. 

H. Wells Buser ; Charles-H.; d.s. p.; 

Mary-C, Frederick-E., Carrie-E., and 

Jacob- A. 
vii. Harriet, b. February 3, 1831 ; m. 

Christian Laley, both deceased and 

left issue. 
viii. Theodore, b. October 16, 1833 ; m. and 

resides in Portsmouth, O. 
ix. Mary, b. July 20, 1836. 

XVI. David Hummel (Christian, Freder- 
ick), b. May 16, 1809; d. July 27, 1870; m. 
March 3, 1833, Barbara Shira (Shearer), and 
had issue : 

i. Alfred, 
ii. George. 
Hi. David, 
iv. Henry, 
v. Samuel- A. 
vi. Christian, 
vii. Joseph. 
viii. John-M., d. s. p. 
ix. Annie, m. Thomas Jack. 

XVII. John Hummel (Christian, Freder- 
ick), m. Catharine Weidle, of Jonestown. 
They had issue : 

i. Sarah, m. John Steckley. 
ii. Matilda, m. Jacob Reigel. 
Hi. Daniel, m. Anna, dau. of David Earn- 
iv. Alexander, m. Mary Moore. 
V. John, d. s. p. 

The Kellys of Londonderry. 

I. Patrick Kelly, b. 1709, in the north 
of Ireland; d. June 27, 1769, in London- 
derry township, then Lancaster county, Pa.; 
came to America in 1734, and took up a 
large tract of land in the Swatara region, 
where he lived and died ; his wife Rachel, b. 
in 1708, in Province of Ulster, Ireland ; d. 
August 5, 1782, in Londonderry, and with 
her husband buried in old Derry church 
graveyard. They had issue: 




i. Rachel, b. 1735 ; m. William Forster 

2. %i. George, b. 1737 ; m. and had issue. 
%^l. Anne, b. 1739; d. prior to 1806; in. 

Patrick ; and left Mary, m. 

Thomas Nicholson. 

3. iv. John, b. February, 1741 ; m. Sarah 

V. Patrick, b. April 28, 1843 ; d. October 

28, 1826, in Londonderry; unm. 
m. Thomas, b. 1747 ; of whom we have 
no further record. 

4. vii. James, b. 1749 ; m. Elizabeth Forster. 

5. via. Mary, b. 175] ; m. John Duncan. 

II. George Kelly (Patrick), b. 1737, in 
Londonderry township; d. prior to 1806, 
and left issue : 

i. Andrew, 
a. Thomas. 

Hi. Rachel, d. prior to 1806; m. James 
Snodgrass; and left Sarah, Mary, 
Margaret, Rosina, Rachel, Elizabeth, 
William, George, James, SLud Thomas. 

III. John Kelly (Patrick), b. February, 
1741, in Londonderry township, Lancaster, 
now Dauphin county. Pa.; d. February 8, 
1832, in Buffalo Valley. After the Indian 
purchase of 1768, he settled in the Buffalo 
Valley, enduring all the hardships of pioneer 
life. At the age of twenty-seven he was a 
captain and major on the frontiers, and at 
the outset of the Revolution was ready for 
the conflict; he was a member of the con- 
vention of July 15, 1776, and subsequently 
entered the army, having previously assisted 
inorganizingthe associators, being appointed 
major in Col. James Potter's battalion. After 
the battle of Princeton, when Cornwallis by 
a forced march arrived at Stony Brook, 
General Washington sent an order to Colonel 
Potter to destroy the bridge at Worth's 
Mills in sight of the advancing British. 
Colonel Potter ordered Major Kelly to make 
a detail for that purpose, but the latter said 
he would not order another to do what some 
might say he was afraid to do himself; he 
took a detachment and went to work. The 
enemy opened upon him a heavy fire of 
round shot; before all the logs were cut off, 
several balls struck the log on which he 
stood, and it breaking down sooner than he 
expected, he was precipitated into the stream ; 
his party moved off, not expecting him to 
escape. By great exertions he reached the 
shore, through the high water and floating 
timbers, end followed the troops. Encum- 
bered as he was with his wet and frozen 

clothes, he succeeded in making prisoner an 
armed British scout, and took him into 
camp. During the summer of 1777, Colonel 
Kelly commanded on the frontier, and con- 
tinued in that service almost to the close of 
the Revolution. The record of his adven- 
tures during those troublesome times reads 
like a romance. Colonel Kelly was a"p- 
pointed agent for confiscated estates May 6, 
1778, and in 1780 was chosen to the 
Assembly. He was one of the magistrates 
of Northumberland county from August 2, 
1783, for upwards of twenty years. He 
married Sarah Polk, daughter of James 
Polk, of the valley, d. January 2, 1831. 
They had issue : 

i. James, removed to Penn's Valley, and 
died there ; was father of James K. 
Kelly, U. S. senator from Oregon, 
ii. John, removed to Penn's Valley. 
Hi. William, ra. a daughter of Archibald 
Allison, of Centre county, and died 
there January 27, 1830. 
iv. Andrew, b. 1783; d. September 24, 

1786; unm. 
V. Samuel, removed to Armstrong county. 

vi. Elizabeth, m. Simeon Howe. 
vii. Maria, d. January, 1861 ; m. John 

Campbell, of Lewisburg. 
via. Robert, b. 1798 ; d. April 12, 1865. 
iz. Joseph, h. 1793 ; d. March 2, 1860. 
X. David-H., b. 1803 ; d. February 11, 
1875; was county commissioner of 
Union county. 

IV. James Kelly (Patrick), b. 1781, in Lon- 
donderry township, Lancaster, now Dauphin 
county. Pa.; d. February 10, 1813; m. 
Elizabeth Forster, daughter of James Forster 
and Elizabeth Moore ; b. 1759, in London- 
derry township; d. September 7, 1822, in 
Londonderry, and with her husband buried 
in old Derry church graveyard. They had 
issue, but we have not been able to secure 
their names. 

V. Mary Kelly (Patrick), b. 1751; d. 
prior to 1816 ; m. John Duncan. They had 
issue (surname Duncan): 

i. Samuel, 
ii. William. 
Hi. Battana. 
iv. Mary. 

V. Rachel, dec'd; m. William Smith, and 

left Mary and Rachel, 
vi. Margaret, m. Hugh Dempsey. 



vii. James, m., and left James, John,Andrew, 

and Elizabeth, 
via. Thomus. 

ix. David. 

X. Rebecca, m. William Elliott. 

V. Abraham, b. 1780; d. 1861 ; m., and 
had Hemry-N., Abraham, Jacob, 
John, and Benjamin. 

The Landis Family. 

I. Benjamin Landis, a native of Switzer- 
land, and a Mennonite preacher, came to 
America in 1718, and took up a tract of two 
hundred and forty acres of land in now East 
Lampeter township, Lancaster county, Pa., 
where he lived and died. Of his children, 
we have record of only one: 

2. i. Benjamin, b. 1700. 

II. Benjamin Landis (Benjamin), b. in 
1700, in Switzerland ; came with his father 
to America in 1718; m., and left issue : 

3. i. Benjamin, b. 1728. 

4. ii. Abraham, b. 1730. 

5. Hi. Jacob, b. 1782. 

6. iv. Henry, b. 1734. 

III. Benjamin Landis (Benjamin, Benja- 
min), b. 1728 ; removed to a farm near Lan- 
caster in 1753 ; m., and had issue : 

i. Benjamin, m., and had John, Benja- 
min, and Jacob, 
ii. Henry, m., and had Benjamin, Henry, 

John, Isaac, and Jacob. 
Hi. John, m., and had John, Benjamin, 
and Henry. 

IV. Abraham Landis (Benjamin, Benja- 
min), m., and had issue: 

i. Benjamin, m., and had John, Abra- 
ham, Benjamin, and David, 
ii. John, m., and had John, Abraham, 
and Emanuel. 

V. Jacob Landis (Benjamin, Benjamin), 
m., and had issue: 

i. John, m., and had Jacob, Jo)m, Abra- 
ham, Benjamin, Christian, Martin, 
David, and Daniel, 
ii. Abraham, m.,and ha.d Jacob, Abraham, 
Benjamin, John, and Adam. 

VI. Henry Landis (Benjamin, Benjamin), 
m., and had issue : 

i. Benjamin, m., and had Daniel, Henry, 

Benjamin, and John, 
ii. John, m., and had Benjamin and John. 
Hi. Henry, m., and had Daniel, Jacob, 

Henry, and Isaac. 
iv. Peter, m., and had David. 

The Larue Family. 

I. JoHAN George Larue, a native of 
Switzerland, emigrated to America about 
1740, and located in Lancaster county, Pa. 
He left, among other children : 
2. i. Jonas, b. August 4, 1709 ; m. Barbara 

ii. George, d. January, 1770, and left 
Isaac, Barbara, Elizabeth, and Mar- 

Hi. Isaac, d. prior to 1770, leaving a son 

iv. Henry. 

V. Peter, d. prior to 1762 ; his wife Eliza- 
beth subsequently married John 
Shertz. They had John, George, 
and Catharine, who were under 
fourteen in 1768. 

II. Jonas Larue (Johan-George), b. Au- 
gust 4, 1709, in Switzerland ; d. January 1, 
1760, in Paxtang township, Lancaster, now 

Dauphin county ; his wife Barbara , 

d. November 4,1785. They had issue : 

i. Henry, b. September 24, 1739 ; d. Feb- 
ruary 15, 1778. 
ii. Catharina, b. December 31, 1740; m. 
John Biisart ; removed to Hamil- 
ton township, Franklin county. Pa. 
Hi. Francis, b. March 2, 1744; d. Febru- 
ary 18, 1795; unm. 

3. iv. Anna-Maria (Mary), b. January 10, 

1747 ; m. John Metzgar. 

4. V. George, b. December 15, 1748; m. 

Anna Maria Forshner. 
vi. Elizabeth, b. February 19, 1754 ; m. 
Rev. Frederick Illing, of Caernar- 
von township, Lancaster county. 

5. vii. Margaretta, b. October 13, 1757 ; m. 

Henry Boal, of Northumberland 
county. Pa. 

III. Anna Maria (Mary) Larue (Jonas, 
Johan-George), b. January 10, 1747 ; d. No- 
vember 20, 1826, at Middletown, Pa.; m. 
John Metzgar, b. June 24, 1740 ; d. April 24, 
1826, at Middletown, and with his wife 
buried in the Lutheran graveyard. They 
had issue (surname Metzgar): 

i. John, b. September 13, 1766; d. May 
10, 1820. 



ii. Elizabeth, b. October 14, 1767. 
Hi. ^rma-Jlfana, b. September 20, 1768 ; d. 

June 11, 1769. 
iv. John-George, b. October 8, 1769. 
V. Daniel, b. October 30, 1770 ; d. Au- 
gust 28, 1807. 
vl. Ludwig, b. March 21, 1772 ; d. Au- 
gust 3, 1773. 
vii. Anna-Maria, b. November 19, 1773 ; 
d. April 19, 1850 ; m. Dr. Charles 
Fisher, b. September 8, 1766; d. 
May 8, 1808. 
via. Jonas, b. September 29, 1775. 
ix. Catharine, h. May 22, 1777 ; d. Decem- 
ber 4, 1849 ;'m. Jacob Shertz, b. 
February 20, 1772 ; d. May 27, 1 831. 
X. Jacob, b. March 20, 1779 ; d. October 

31, 1817. 
xi. Rebecca, b. December 25, 1781. 
xii. Charlotte, b. June 18, 1784. 
xiii. Lydia, h. June 16, 1786. 
xiv. Joseph, b. December 23, 1789 ; d. in 
Harrisburg in 1854; the father of 
Larue Metzgar, Esq., of this city. 

IV. George Larue ( Jonas, Johan- George), 
b. December 15,1748; d. April 11,1806; m„ 
March 27, 1778, Anna Maria Forshner, b. 
May 16, 1757, in Switzerland ; arrived at 
Philadelphia October 17, 1772 ; d. September 
5,1789. They had issue: 

i. Jnna,b. September 11,1779; m., first, 

George F. Varnick ; secondly, John 

ii. Barbara-Elizabeth, b. April 23, 1782 ; 

m. Robert M. Dickey. 
Hi. Anna-Maria, b. June 29, 1784. 
iv. Anna-Catharine, b. July 5, 1789 ; d. 

October 27, 1806, near Harrisburg. 

V. Margaretta Larue (Jonas, Johan- 
George), b. October 13, 1757; m. Henry 
Boal, d. 1792, in Lower Paxtang township. 
They had issue : 

i. Michael, m. Anna . 

ii. Catharine, m. Daniel Warrior. 
Hi. Margaret, m. Michael Wolf, b. 1765; 
d. November 25, 1847. 

iv. John, d. 1819; m. Elizabeth ; 

removed to Chillisquaque, North- 
umberland county. Pa., where they 
died. They had Elizabeth, m. Mat- 
thew Laird ; Mary, m. John Resnor; 
Sophia, m. Samuel Woods; Marga- 
ret, and Nancy, m. J. Foster Wilson, 
of Hartleton. 
V. Henry, m. Rebecca ; removed 

to West Buffalo, Northumberland 
county, Pa. 

vi. Medaline (Mary), m. Michael Gross, of 

vii. Anna, m. Daniel Snyder; removed to 

Botetourt county, Va. 
via. Elizabeth, ra. Peter Snyder, of Wash- 
ington county, Tenn. 

ix. Veronica (Frany), m. Michael Kis- 

X. John. 

xi. Christiana. 

The Leebrick Family. 

I. John Philip Leebrick, b. in 1896 in 
Manheim, Germany ; d. 1778, in Manheim, 
Lancaster county. Pa. He emigrated to 
America in the year 1750, locating in Lan- 
caster county. Pa. His children were : 

2. i. John-Philip-Nicholas, h. in 1748; m. 

Catharine Franks. 
ii. \_A dau.'], m. Daniel Bridigam. 
Hi. Hannah, lu. Charles Wilsbach. 
iv. \_A dau.'], m. John Newman. 

II. John Philip Nicholas Leebrick 
(John-Philip), b. 1748, in Manheim, Lan- 
caster county. Pa.; d. February, 1788, in 
Manheim. He m. Catharine Franks. They 
had issue : 

i. John, d. s. p. 
ii. Catharine, d. s. p. 

3. Hi. Philip, b. February 7, 1775 ; m. Mary 

Gertrude Cassel. 
iv. Elizabeth, m. Jacob Swentzell. 

4. v. George, b. February 17, 1779; m. 

Mary Mohr. 

5. vi. Mary, m. Jacob Urben. 

vii. Daniel, m. Elizabeth Peters. 

6. via. Salome, b. December 14, 1787 ; m. Dr. 

John Eberle. 

III. Philip Leebrick (John-Philip-Nich- 
olas, John-Philip), b. February 7, 1775, in 
Manheim, Lancaster county. Pa.; d. Novem- 
ber 30, 1827, at Hummelstown, Pa. He m. 
Mary Gertrude Cassel, b. September 24, 1776, 
in Hanover township, Dauphin county. Pa.; 
d. March 23, 1860, at Hummelstown ; and 
with her husband buried in the old Lutheran 
church graveyard. They had issue : 

{.Elizabeth, h. 1799; m. Joseph Hum- 
ii. Rebecca, m., first, Daniel Byers; sec- 
ondly. Gen. A. C. Harding; had 
issue by both. 



in. Mary, untn.; resided at Hummels- 

iv. John, m. Matilda Fritchey ; removed 

to Indiana. 
V. George, m., first, Emily Goldsmith ; 
secondly, Mrs. Elizabeth Woorall ; 
resided at Quincy, 111. 

TO. Ca^/ianne, m., first, Enoch Wade; sec- 
ondly, Benjamin Woorall ; removed 
to Burlington, Iowa. 

vii. Samuel, m., first, Rachel Pierson ; sec- 
ondly, Mrs. Elizabeth Johnson. 
via. Sarah, m. Elliott Scott; removed to 
DeSoto, 111. 

ix. Lucy-Ann, d. s. p. 

IV. George LEEBRiCK(John-Philip-Nich- 
olas, John-Philip), b. February 17, 1779, at 
Manheim, Lancaster county, Pa.; d. March 
12, 1847, at Halifax, Dauphin county. Pa.; 
removed to Union county, where he was en- 
gaged in tanning. In 1812 returned to Hal- 
ifax, where he erected a tannery and built a 
residence. He was engaged in this business 
many years in connection with keeping a 
general store. He was strictly upright and 
conscientious in all his transactions and en- 
joyed the confidence and respect of his neigh- 
bors. Mr.Leebrick married, March 17, 1801, 
by Rev. William Slyer, Mary Mohr, of 
Youngwomanstown, now Mifflinburg, Union 
county, Pa., b. December 17, 1777 ; d. March 
12, 1849, at Halifax, and there buried. They 
had issue: 

7. i. Catharine, b. January 1, 1802 ; m. 

William Parsons. 

8. n. John-Philip, b. February 10, 1804 ; 

m. Hannah Mary Parke. 
Hi. Elizabeth, b. February 10, 1806 ; m. 

Benjamin Parke. 
iv. Sarah, b. April 26, 1808. 
V. Mary, b. March 25, 1810. 
vi. John, b. 1812; d. s. p. 
vii. Hannah- Wilsbach, b. March 10, 1814. 
via. George, h. March 24,1816; m. Henri- 
etta Aston. 
ix. William-Mohr, b. September 12, 1819 ; 
d. at Davenport, Iowa. 

V. Mary Leebrick (John-Philip-Nich- 
olas, John-Philip), m. Jacob Urben. They 
had issue (surname Urben) : 

i. Catharine, d. February, 1879; m. John 

ii. Ambrose, d. unm. 

Hi. George- W., m. Mary Green ; resided at 

iv. Fanny, m. Colonel McFadden, of 

Lewisburg, Pa. 
V. Mary, m. Jacob Steel, of New Buffalo, 

Perry county, Pa. 
vi. John, m. Miss Wade. 

VI. Salome Leebrick (John-Philip-Nich- 
olas, John-Philip), b. December 14, 1787, at 
Manheim, Lancaster county. Pa.; m., July 1, 
1810, Dr. John Eberle. They hadissue(sur- 
name Eberle) : 

i. Richard, m. Miss Higbee. 
ii. John, A. s. p. 

Hi. Catharine, m. Mr. Bacon, of Dayton, 0. 
iv. Augustus, m. Miss Taylor, of Kentucky. 
V. Margaret, ra. 0. F. Mayonne. 
TO. Lucretia, d. at' Halifax, Dauphin 

county. Pa.; unm. 
vii: Edward, 
via. Charles. 

VII. Catharine Leebrick (George, John- 
Philip-Nicholas, John-Philip), b. January 1, 
1802, at MifHinburg, Union county, Pa.; d. 
June 24, 1871 ; m., October 26, 1826, William 
Parsons, who d. March 23, 1842, at Halifax. 
They had issue (surname Parsons) : 

i. George- Leebrick. 
ii. William-H., m. Ellen Singer. 
Hi. John-Emery, m. Georgiana Parke, dau. 
of Benjamin Parke and Elizabeth 
iv. James-Mohr, m. Mary Meek. 

VIII. John Philip Leebrick (George, 
John-Philip-Nicholas, John-Philip), b. Feb" 
ruary 10, 1804, at MifHinburg, Union countv 
Pa. ; d. April 24, 1862, at Halifax. Mr'" 
Leebrick was an enterprising and leading 
citizen of his adopted home. He built the 
section of the Wiconisco canal at Halifax ; 
was for many years director of the Harris- 
burg Bank, and succeeded his father in the 
mercantile trade. He m., February 17, 1831, 
Hannah Mary Parke, b. July 25, 1804, in 
Susquehanna county. Pa.; d. May 2, 1852, at 
Halifax, Pa.; dau. of Thomas Parke and Eu- 
nice Champlin. They had issue : 

i. Ellen, d. s. p. 
a. John-Eberle, d. s. p. 
Hi. Louisa-Parke, 
iv. Anna-Mary, d. s. p. 
V. Henry- Clay, d. s. p. 
vi. George-Thomm, m. Sarah Noblet, dau. 
of Samuel Noblet and Susannah 



The Lehman Family. 

I. Martin Lehman was born January 1, 
1744, in Wiesbaden, Germany, coming to 
America with his parents in 1746. The 
latter located in Berks county. Pa., on a 
tract of land north of Reading. Martin 
learned the trade of a carpenter, and after 
his marriage purchased some fifty acres near 
where the town of Pinegrove, Schuylkill 
county, is located. Here he built a log 
cabin, cut out doors and windows and re- 
moved there with his wife. The place was 
surrounded by wild beasts, and during the 
absence of Mr. Lehman, his wife would fre- 
quently rise from her bed and shoot from a 
rifle at the wolves to drive them away. 
Deer and other game were plentiful and 
supplied their table. Much of the time Mr. 
Lehman was employed building cabins in 
Lykens Valley. 

The soil, however, not being very produc- 
tive, in the year 1796 he removed to Lancas- 
ter county on a farm belonging to James 
Patterson who was then in his minority and 
under the guardianship of his brother 
Arthur. This farm lies on Little Chickies 
creek one half a mile east of the town of 
Mount Joy. Here he resided for a number 
of years. Martin Lehman d. September 13, 
1801. Frederica C, his wife, b. March 4, 
1751 ; d. September 8, 1822 ; both buried in 
Manheim, Lancaster county. Pa. Their chil- 
dren were : 

i. Catharine, h. November 23, 1773; d. 
June 17, 1844; m. Jacob Hiestand, 
b. November 12, 1767 ; d. June 27, 
1 834 ; both buried in Mount Joy. 
They had one daughter who be- 
came the wife of Christian Heist- 
and, whose farm lies adjoining 
the village of Landisville, seven 
miles west of the city of Lancaster, 
on the pike to Harrisburg. Here 
they resided long enough to raise a 
family of ten children to mature 
age. These children all remained 
in that and the adjoining counties, 
except John, the eldest, who went 
to California and died there. Four 
are dead, and six survive of the de- 
scendants of Catharine. 
n. Henry, b. December 19, 1775 ; d. June 
13, 1847; m. Margaret Oberlin ; 
both buried at Salem church, Salem 
township, Wayne county, 0. They 
had six children, to wit: Mary, 

David, Catharine, Sarah, John, and 
Elizabeth. Mary married George 
Johns, and had two children, when 
he died. Her second husband was 
William Beck and they had four 
children. She is now a widow. 
Two of her sons are preachers of 
the Gospel, and one lives in Ne- 
vada. The second of Henry's chil- 
dred, David, married Susan Bit- 
ner, and their children were Sarah 
Jacob, Christian, Elizabeth, Harriet, 
Mary, David, Henry, Daniel, and 
Simon. Henry's daughter Catha- 
rine married Benjamin Brubaker, 
and they had six sons and six 
daughters, of whom only David 
and Peter survive of the sons, and 
of the daughters, Leah, Sarah, and 
Fanny. Henry's daughter Sarah 
married S. Zimmerman and they 
had six sons and five daughters, of 
whom only Jacob, David, Fanny, 
Sarah, and Martha are living. The 
fifth member of Henry's family 
was John, who married Elizabeth 
Storet. They had five sons and three 
daughters, of whom John, Daniel, 
and Catharine are dead — Joseph, 
Henry, David, and Margaret surviv- 
ing their parents. Henry's daughter 
Elizabeth married David Switzer. 
They raised a family of nine chil- 
dren: Henry-R., Annie, John, Sarah, 
Harriet, Mary-Ann, Elizabeth, Da- 
vid, and Philena, all now living ex- 
cept Mary-Ann. 
Hi. Christian, b. May 28, 1778 ; d. August 

9, 1847; m. Nancy ; buried 

in Middletown, Dauphin county. 
Pa. They had a large family, but 
they nearly all died young, Henry- 
R. and Martin only surviving their 
iv. George, b. June 11, 1781 ; d. Septem- 
ber 10, 1819; buried in Manheim, 
Pa.; m. M. Stohler, b. August 19, 
1787 ; d. December 19, 1881 ; buried 
at Des Moines, Iowa. Their chil- 
dren were : Henry, m. Miss Han- 
nah ; removed to Philadelphia ; left 
children : Louis, George, Alfred, 
Caroline, Amanda, and Emma ; 
Catharine, and Christianna. 
V. Mary, b. March 25, 1784 ; d. Decem- 
ber 16, 1860; buried at Salem 
church ;2m. Adam Leister, d. April, 



1823; buried in old Lutheran grave- 
yard, Middlelown, Pa. They had 
issue (surname Leister) : Nancy, m. 
Benjamin Leib, and they had issue 
(surname Leib): Daniel, Adam, 
"William, Samuel, Sarah, Eliza, and 
Mary ; Christian, Martin, Henry, 
and Fanny, m. Levi Strayer, and 
they had (surname Strayer): Fanny, 
Mary, Catharine, John, and Sam- 
uel ; Abraham, and Catharine. 

vi. Martin, b. August 8, 1787 ; d. April 

14, 1863; m. Martin, b. 

January 24, 1789 ; d. October 25, 
1861 ; buried in Napiersville, Du- 
page county. 111.; they had issue : 
John, Henry, d. s. p., Daniel, Fanny, 
resided in Clarion county. Pa., 
Catharine, Martha, resided in Lan- 
caster county, Catharine, resided in 
Progress, Dauphin county, and 
Eliza, d. s. p. 

vii. John, b. August 14, 1790 ; d. July 14, 
1886; m., first, Christina Smith, b. 
January 24, 1790; d. July 13,1823; 
buried atWooster, 0.; m., secondly, 

Nancy , b. May 25, 1802 ; d. 

August 28, 1867 ; buried at Salem 
church, Wayne county, 0. By his 
first wife John Lehman had one 
son and three daughters. By his 
second marriage there were twelve 
children. Of all this number the 
following survived their father : 
Benjamin, the eldest, in 1886 resid- 
ing in Vendura county, Cal., aged 
71 ; Cyrus-E., the youngest, residing 
in San Bernardino, Cal., aged 40 ; 
John-H, residing in St. Clair 
county. 111.; Martin-B., residing in 
St. Clair county. 111.; Ephraim, 
George, Maria, m. Albert Miller — 
these reside in Wayne county, 0. ; 
Sarah, ra. Mr. Trome, lives in 
Wooster, 0.; Caroline, m. Dr. Poltz, 
resides in Akron, 0. 

ii. Frederick, b. 1734. 
iii. Jacob, b. 1736. 
iv. Martin, b. 1738 ; m. Elizabeth - 

The Lingle Family. 

I. Paul Lingle, a native of Switzerland, 
of Huguenot ancestry, was born about 1709 ; 
emigrated to America, and settled in Tulpe- 
hocken township, Berks county. Pa., where 
he died about the first of June, 1786, leaving 
a wife Catharine, and children as follows : 
I'John, b. 1732. 

resided in Paxtang in 1789. 
V. Nicholas, h. 1740. 
2. vi. Thomas, b. 1742 ; m. Anna Mary 

vii. Mary, b. 1744 ; m. Jacob Sholl. 
via. Conrad, b. 1746. 
ix. Stephen, h. 1748. 

3. X. Simon, b. 1750 ; m., and left issue. 
xi. Casper, b. 1753. 

II. Thomas Lingle (Paul), b. -1750, in 
Tulpehocken township, Berks county, Pa.; 
d. in November, 1811, at Linglestown ; m.. 
Anna Mary , b. about 1753, in Tulpe- 
hocken township, Berks county. Pa.; d. at 
Linglestown. They had issue: 

4. i. Paul, b. January 24, 1775 ; m. Mary 


5. ii. John, b. 1778 ; m. Barbara . 

6. iii. David, b. December 29, 1781 ; m. 

Sarah Light. 
iv. Leonard, b. 1783. 
V. Anna-Mary (Maria), b. 1785 ; m., No- 
vember 29, 1813, Thomas Wenrick. 
vi. Christina, b. 1787. 
vii. Simon, b. 1789 ; m., March 7, 1811, 

Susanna Steener. 
via. Joseph, b. 1791. 

7. ix. Thomas, h. 1793 ; m. Susanna Hinkel. 

X. Elizabeth, b. 1795 ; m. John Smith. 

III. Simon Lingle (Paul), b. about 1750 
in Tulpehocken township, Berks county. Pa.; 
d. in 1805 ; m., and had issue : 

8. i. Jacob, b. 1788 ; m., and left issue. 
a. Thomas, b. 1790. 

iii. John, b. 1792. 

iv. Samuel, b. 1794. 

V. Daniel, b. 1796. 

vi. Mary, b. 1798. 
vii. Betsy, b. 1800. 
via. Catharine, b. 1802. 

ix. David, b. 1804. 

IV. Paul Lingle (Thomas, Paul), b. Jan- 
uary 24, 1775, in Dauphin county, Pa.; d. 
February 1, 1856, in Centre county. Pa.; m., 
January 8, 1800, Mary Spohn, b. March 31, 
1781, in Dauphin county, Pa.; d. October 14, 
1863, in Centre county. Pa.; daughter of Got- 
leib Spohn. They had issue : 

i. Mary, b. November 26, 1800 ; m., in 
1823, Samuel McNitt, of Mifflin 
county, Pa. 
a. John, b. May 16, 1802 ; m. Sarah Mil- 
ler ; removed to Ohio. 



Hi. Catharine, b. March 28, 1804 ; d. No- 
vember 16, 1804. 

iv. Simon, b. December 22, 1805 ; m. 
Susannah Kuhnes ; resided in Cen- 
tre county, Pa. 
V. Thomas, b. October 21, 1807 ; m., and 
in 1832 removed to Ohio, where he 
now resides. 

vi. Jane, b. July 8, 1809 ; m. John Baker; 
removed to Ohio. 

vii. Joseph-J., h. March 2, 1811 ; m., and 
removed to Centre county, Pa., 
where he was sheriff from 1851 to 
1854 ; resided at Bellefonte. 
viii. David, b. December 18, 1812 ; m., and 
removed to Iowa. 

V. John Lingle (Thomas, Paul), d. in 
November, 1823 ; leaving a wife Barbara, 
and issue as follows : 

i. Sarah, 
a. Daniel. 
Hi. Levi, 
iv. John. 

VI. David Lingle (Thomas, Paul), b. 
December 29, 1781, in Paxtang township; 
d. March 13, 1849, at Harrisburg, Pa. ; m. 
Sarah Light, b. May 13, 1792, in Paxtang 
township ; d. March 1, 1869, at Rock Island, 
111. ; daughter of John Light. They had 
issue, all born at Harrisburg : 

i. Sarah, m. Samuel Berry and left 

a. Joseph, m., first, Ellen Horner, of 

Philadelphia ; secondly, 

Garverich ; thirdly, Sarah Steel. 

Hi. Mary, d. unm. 

iv. John-Light, m., first, Sarah Forney, 
of Lancaster; secondly, Rebecca 

V. Rebecca, d. s. p. 

vi. David, d. 1878, at Chicago, 111. ; m. 
Regina Bowman, daughter of Sam- 
uel Bowman, of Cumberland. 

VII. Thomas Lingle (Thomas, Paul), d. 
November, 1821 ; m., May 24, 1814, Susanna 
Hinkel (who in 1831 was the wife of Peter 
Houies). They had issue : 

i. John, residing in Philadelphia. 
a. Thomas. 

Hi. Mary, m. Joseph Light, of Swatara. 
iv. Joseph, b. 1810, of Philadelphia. 

V. William, b. 1812. 
vi. Simon, b. 1814. 
vii. Isaac, b. 1820; d. s. p. 

VIII. Jacob Lingle (Simon, Thomas, 

Paul), b. in 1788 ; d. July 20, 1847 ; m., 
and had issue : 

i. Benjamin. 

ii. Barbara, m. William Ewing. 

Hi. Catharine. 

iv. Eve. 

V. Anna. 

vi. David. 

ix. Elizabeth, b. January 25, 1815 ; m. 
Amos V. Patten ; settled in Mich- 

X. WUliam, b. March 8, 1817 ; m. and 
removed to Ohio, where he died 
some twenty years ago. 

xi. Ann-M., b. March 4, 1819; m. Will- 
iam Williams, of Clinton county, 
xii. Alexander, b. February 29, 1821 ; m., 

and resided at Halifax. 
xiii. George-W., b. April 6, 1823 ; m., and 
resided near Beech Creek, Clinton 
county. Pa. 
xiv. James, b. November 9, 1825 ; - m., and 
resided near Milesburg, Centre 
county. Pa. 

McCluees op Paxtang and Hanovee. 

I. Richard McClure, an emigrant from 
the north of Ireland, settled prior to 1730 in 
Paxtang township, then Lancaster county, 
Province of Pennsylvania, where he took up 
a tract of six hundred acres of land. Of his 
children, all born in Ireland, we have the 
following : 

2. i. Thomas. 

3. ii. Charles. 

4. Hi. John. 

5. iv. Richard. 

II. Thomas McClure, son of Richard 
McClure, b. in north of Ireland ; d. in 1765, 
in Paxtang, whence he emigrated ; m. Mary 

-, who d. April, 1773, 'in Hanover. 

They had issue : 

i. John, m. Mary 

, in 1773. They 

resided in Mt. Pleasant township, 

York county, Pa. 
ii. William. 
Hi. Mary, m., February 6, 1759, Joseph 

iv. Martha, m. Andrew Wilson. 
V. Jean, m. James Burney. 
vi. Thomas, m. Mary Harvey. 

III. Charles McClure (Richard), b. prior 
to 1761, leaving a wife Eleanor, and chil- 
dren as follows : 



i. Arthv/r. 
ii. Rebecca, 
ill. Jennett. 
iv. William. 
V. John, 
vi. Martha, 
vii. Eleanor, 
via. Charles, 
ix. Margaret. 

IV. John McClure (Richard), b. in 1762, 

in Hanover; m. Margery . They 

had issue : 

i. James, b. 1733 ; d. November 14, 1805, 

in Hanover ; m. Mary Espy. 
ii. William. 

Hi. Jane, m. William Waugh. 
iv. Ann. 

v. Richard McClure (Richard), m., and 
left issue : 

i. Alexander, m. Martha . 

7. ii. William, m. Margaret Wright. 

8. Hi. Jonathan, m. Sarah Hays. 

iv Andrew, m. Margaret . 

V. Roan, removed to White Deer Valley, 
Northumberland county; d. Octo- 
ber 8, 1833 ; m. Hannah , 

d. August 20, 1828. 
vi. Margaret, m., September 7, 1757, John 

vii. David, m. Margaret Lecky. 
viii. Katharine, m. Robert Fruit. 

VI. Thomas McClure (Thomas, Richard), 
d. January, 1778, in Hanover ; m., in 1761, 
Mary Harvey. They had issue : 

i. William, m. Agnes Lewis. 
ii. Thomas. 
Hi. Martha, m. Andrew Wilson, and had 

iv. Mary, m. James George. 
V. Sarah, m. Daniel McGuire. 
vi. Jean, m. Samuel Moor. 

VII. William McClure (Richard, Rich- 
ard), d. April, 1785, in Paxtang ; m. Marga- 
ret Wright, daughter of Robert Wright. 
They had issue : 

i. Robert, b. December 18, 1763 ; m- 

Priscilla . 

ii. Rebecca, m. Peter Sturgeon. 
Hi. Mary, m. Samuel Russell. 
iv. Sarah, m. David Riddle, of York 

county, Pa. 
V. Margaret, m. James Crain. 
vi. Jean, b. 1788 ; d. December 21, 1876, 
in Buffalo Valley. 

VIII. Jonathan McClure (Richard, 
Richard), b. 1745, in Paxtang ; d. December 
11, 1799; m., November 10, 1768, Sarah 
Hays, of Derry. They had issue : 

i. Roan, removed to Buffalo Valley. 
ii. Mary. 
Hi. Matthew, 
iv. Jonathan. 
V. Sarah. 

A Mitchell Family. 

I. Joseph Mitchell, b. October 22, 1783 ; 
d. February 12, 1832 ; m.. May 5, 1808, Eliza- 
beth Zearing,* b. December 13, 1789, at Leba- 
non ; d. June 4, 1859, at Harrisburg, and 
with her husband there buried. They had 
issue : 

i. Joseph, b. April 10, 1809 ; d. s. p. 

2. ii. Susan, b. September 5, 1810; m. Moses 


3. Hi. John, b. July 31, 1813 ; m. Julia Light- 


4. iv. William, h. September 17, 1814; m. 

Angelica Ehrman. 

5. V. Henry- Zearing, b. November 30, 1816; 

m. Elizabeth Cannon. 

6. vi. Mary- Elizabeth, b. December 15, 1818 ; 

m. Andrew Gams. 

7. vii. Rev. James, b. February 18, 1822 ; m. 

Mary A. Allen. 

8. viii. Lewis- Zearing, b. December 12, 1824 ; 

m. Anna McBride. 

II. Susan Mitchell (Joseph), b. Septem- 

* Elizabeth Zearing was the daughter of Henry 
Zearing (1760-1798) and Maria Elizabeth Rupp 
(1762-1836). They resided near Jonestown. They 
had children : 

i. Henry, b. September 26, 1783; d. February 
21, 1830; m. Margaret Ely, b. March 1, 
1781 ; d. July 28, 1865. 
ii. Jonas, b. May 4, 1785 ; d. December 20, 1831 ; 
m. Anna Barbara Evers, b. in 1795 ; d. 
September 26, 1860. 
Hi. Lewis, h. January 15, 1787 ; d. May 8, 1845 ; 
m. Elizabeth Bobb, b. January 10, 1792 ; 
d. March 24, 1809. 
iv. Elizabeth, b. December 13, 1789 ; d. June 4, 
1869 ; m. Joseph Mitchell, b. October 22, 
1783 ; d. February 12, 1832. 
V. Jacob, b. November 6, 1790 ; m. Susan Peter- 
man, b. March 27, 1789 ; d. March 7, 1836. 
vi. John, b. September 20. 1792 ; d. October 5, 
1846 ; m. Margaret Herman, b. August 28, 
1793 ; d. October 17, 1859. 
vii. Martin, b. July 4, 1794 ; d. July 24, 1855 ; m. 
Sarah Shafer, b. May 9, 1797 ; d. Febru- 
ary 4, 1869. 
viii. David, b. May 7, 1796 ; d. s. p. 
ix. Anna-Maria (posthumous), b. March 17, 
1798 ; d. s. p. 



ber 5, 1810, in Dauphin county, Pa.; m. 
Moses Sullivan, b. October 9, 1786 ; d. May 
29, 1839, at Butler; son of Charles Sullivan, 
of Butler, Pa. Mr. Sullivan edited a news- 
paper at Butler, was a member of the Penn- 
sylvania House of Representatives three 
years and of the Senate eight years; and 
from 1835 to 1838 canal commissioner under 
the administration of Governor Ritner. They 
had issue (surname Sullivan): 

i. Aaroi\ lieutenant of Ninth regiment, 
Pennsylvania cavalry, and died 
from wounds received in battle. 
ii. Mary. 
Hi. Moses, d. s. p. 

III. John Mitchell (Joseph), b. July 31, 
1813, in Dauphin county, Pa.; m. Julia 
Lightner, b. September 3, 1826, daughter of 
Isaac Lightner. They had issue : 

i. William, 
ii. Louisa, d. s. p. 
Hi. Mary- A. 

iv. Melvina, m. Carl L. Shulten. 
V. Morrison. 

IV. William Mitchell (Joseph), b. Sep- 
tember 17, 1814, at Harrisburg, Pa.; d. De- 
cember 16, 1884, at Harrisburg, Pa., and 
there buried ; m. Angelica Ehrman, daughter 
of Christian Ehrman and Mary F. Etzler. 
They had issue : 

i. Mary-Augusta, m. Rev. Solomon Hub- 
bard Hoover. 

ii. William-Sullivan, d. s. p. 

Hi. Ehrman- Buckman, h. April 11, 1854 ; 
graduated from Dickinson College 
in 1874 ; admitted to the Dauphin 
county bar in 1875 ; was elected 
prothonotary of Dauphin county 
in 1879 and re-elected in 1882 ; is 
now in the active practice of his 

iv. Samuel- Morton, d. s. p. 

V. Henry Zearing Mitchell (Joseph), 
b. November 30, 1816 ; m. Elizabeth Cannon, 
of Pittsburgh, Pa. They had issue: 

i. William-Bell, 
ii. Mary- Cannon. 
Hi. James-Swisshelm. 
iv. Jenny-Gray. 
V. Charles-Sumner. 

VI. Mary Elizabeth Mitchell (Joseph), 
b. December 15, 1818; m. Andrew Cams, 
b. February 21, 1814; d. December 27, 1865, 
in Mercer county. 111. They had issue (sur- 
name Cams): 

i. Henry-Mitchell, d. s. p. 
ii. John-Crawford, d. s. p. ■ 
Hi. Andrew, m. Harriet Walker. 

VII. James Mitchell (Joseph), b. Febru- 
ary 18, 1822; a minister in the M. E. 
Church; m. Mary A. Allen, daughter of 
Seth Harding Allen and Elizabeth Vanhorn. 
They had issue: 

i. G.-W.-I/ybrand. 
ii. Edwin- Waterman. 
Hi. Ida- Allen, 
iv. Laura-Reamy. 

V. Sarah- Oeiger. 

VIII. Lewis Zearing Mitchell (Joseph), 
b. September 12, 1824 ; an attorney-at-law ; 
member of the Constitutional Convention of 
1873. from Butler county; m. Anna Mc- 
Bride, of Butler. They had issue : 

i. Mary- Elizabeth. 

H. Sarah-Jane. 
Hi. Joseph. 

iv. Lewis-Heiner. 

V. George, d. s. p. 
, vi. Frank, d. s. p. 
vii. Henry- Zearing, d. s. p. 
viii. Paul. 

ix. William, d. s. p. 

X. Aaron, d. s. p. 


'A dau.\ 


'A dau.[ 


[A dau.' 

The Nissley Family. 

I. Jacob Nissley, the original settler of 
the family, emigrated to America from the 
Palatinate, Germany, at an early date, locat- 
ing in now Mt. Joy township, Lancaster 
county. Pa. He had issue : 

2. i. John, m. a Seegrist. 

3. ii. Martin, ra., first, a Snyder; secondly, 

a Stauffer. 

m. a Buhrman. 
m. a Ebersole. 
m. a Stewart. 

II. John Nissley (Jacob), m., and had 
issue : 

i. Michael, b. 1742. 
ii. Abraham, b. 1744. 
Hi. Rev. John, b. 1746 ; m. a Hertzler. 

5. iv. Jacob, h. 1748. 

V. Fanny, b. 1759 ; m., first, a Frantz ; 
secondly, a Lang ; thirdly, a Hiest- 
and ; d. 1813. 

6. vi. Rev. Samuel, b. 1761 ; m., first, Bar- 

bara Kreider ; secondly, Anna 
(Mumma) Kreider ; thirdly, Maria 
(Long) Hohn. 



vii. Martin, b. 1763 ; m. a Lehman. 

III. Martin Nissley (Jacob), of Mt. Joy, 
was twice married ; first, to a Snyder ; 
secondly, to a Stauffer. There was issue: 

7. i. Martin, b. 1747 ; d. 1799 ; m. Barbara 

a. John, b. 1750 ; d. 1819 ; m., first, Ger- 
trude Shearer ; secondly, Eliza Neff. 
Hi. Anna, b. 1752 ; d. 1817 ; m. Abraham 

Stauffer, of Fayette county. Pa. 
iv. Fanny, b. 1756; d. 1840; m. J. Shal- 

lenberger, of Ohio. 
V. Christian, b. 1759 ; d. 1822 ; m., first, 

a Stauffer; secondly, Catharine 

vi. Barbara, m. a Shelly. 
vii. Maria, b. 1763 ; d. 1811 ; m. Christian 


IV. Rev. John Nissley (John, Jacob), b. 
1746 in Mt. Joy township, Lancaster county, 
Pa.; d. in 1825, in Paxtang, Dauphin county. 
Pa. He m. Barbara Hertzler; and they had 
issue : 

i. John, m. an Ober. 

8. a. Martin, b. 1786 ; d. 1868 ; m. Veronifea 

Hi. Maria, m., first, a Frantz; secondly, 
Rudolph Martin. 

9. iv. Jacob, m., first, a Nissley ; secondly, 

Catharine Eagly. 

V. Jacob Nissley (John, Jacob), b. 1748, 
in Mt. Joy township, Lancaster county. Pa.; 
d. February, 1804, in Dauphin county. Pa.; 
m. Elizabeth . They had issue : 

10. i. Martin, m. a Kreider. 

a. Maria, b. 1784 ; m. a Bear. 
Hi. Fanny, b. 1789 ; m., April 11, 1809, 

Christian Mumma. 
iv. Elizabeth, b. 1794; m., first, a Long; 

secondly, a Hershey. 

VI. Rev. Samuel Nissley (John, Jacob), 
b. 1761 ; d. August, 1838 ; m., first, Barbara 
Kreider. They had issue : 

11. i. John, b. December 9, 1786, in Rapho 

township, Lancaster county. Pa.; 
m. Anna Hershey. 

12. a. Ifortm, b. November 6, 1788 ; m. Anna 


13. Hi. Samuel, b. June 24, 1792 ; ra. Anna 


14. iv. Rev. Christian, b. October 20, 1794 ; 

m. Magdalena Bomberger. 
Rev. Samuel Nissley m., secondly, Anna 
(Mumma) Kreider. They had issue : 

V. Fanny (Veronica), b. in 1798 ; m. 
Jonas Eby. 

vi. Jacob, b. December 11, 1800, of Sport- 
ing Hill, Lancaster county, Pa.; m. 
Barbara Witmer. 
vii. Henry, b. in 1805; d. May, 1841; m. 

Mary Nissley. 
Rev. Samuel Nissley m., thirdly, Maria 
(Long) Hohn ; no issue. 

VII. Martin Nissley, Jr. (Martin, Ja- 
cob), of Mount Joy township, Lancaster 
county. Pa.; b. 1747; d. 1799; m. Barbara 
Reist. They had issue : 

i. Anna, b. 1774 ; d. 1856 ; m. Jacob 

15. ii. Rev. Christian, b. 1777 ; d. 1831 ; m. 

Maria Kreybill. 
Hi. Barbara, b. 1780; d. 1799. 
m Rev. Martin, b. 1784; d. 1834; m. 

Anna Witmer. 
V. Peter, b. 1787 ; d. 1799. 
vi. Veronica, b. 1792 ; d. 1799. 

VIII. Martin Nissley (John, John, Ja- 
cob), of Middletown, b. 1786; d. 1868; m. 
Veronica Landis. They had issue : 

i. Nancy, b. 1808 ; d. 1841. 
ii. John, b. 1810 ; m. a Heiges. 
Hi. Martin, b. 1812.. 
iv. Felix, h.lSlA; d. January, 1864; m. 

Mary . 

V. Mary, b. 1816 ; d. 1847. 
vi. Fanny, b. 1820. 
vii. Isaac, b. 1822. 
via. Solomon, b. 1825. 
ix. Jacob, h. 1828. 
X. Joseph- Herman, b. 1831. 

IX. Jacob Nissley (John, John, Jacob), 
d. December, 1829, in Swatara township ; 
was twice married ; m., secondly, Catharine 
Eagly, daughter of Abraham and Susanna 
Eagly. They had issue : 

16. i. Jacob, m. Barbara Hoffman. 
H. Barbara, m. a Suavely ; d. s. p. 
Hi. Martin, m. Mary Hoffman. 

iv. Susanna, m. Michael Barnhard. 
v. Abraham., m., and removed to Indiana. 

X. Martin Nissley (Jacob, John, Jacob), 
of Paxtang; m. a Kreider. They had issue : 

i. John, d. May, 1832 ; m. a Roop. 
ii. Samuel, m. Nancy Wissler. 
Hi. Maria, m. a Heiges. 
iv. Catharine, m. an Overholt. 

XL John Nissley (Samuel, John, Jacob), 
of Rapho township, Lancaster county, b. De- 
cember 9, 1786 ; m. Anna Hershey. They 
had issue : 

i. Elizabeth, b. 1808; m. C. Newcomer. 



ii. Nancy, b. 1810 ; d. 1866; m. Levi Eby. 
in. Fanny, h. 1812 ; m. C. Nolt. 
iv. John, b. 1819 ; m. Barbara Gerber. 
V. Catharine, b. 1827 ; m. John Musser. 
vi. Sarah, h. 1829 ; d. 1843. 

XII. Martin Nissley (Samuel, John, 
Jacob), of Rapho, b. November 6, 1788; m., 
in 1810, Anna Bomberger, b. February 28, 
1791. They had issue : 

i. Magdalena, b. June 25, 1814 ; m. Lem. 

ii. Barbara', b. February 11, 1818 ; d. 

May 13, 1868 ; m. Joseph Witmer 

Hi. Nancy (Anna), b. August 22, 1819 ; d. 

1845; m. Emanuel Cassel. 
iv.^Fanny, b. December 8, 1821 ; m. Jacob 

Witmer Snyder. 
V. Maria, b. June 17, 1824; m. Benjamin 


XIII. Samuel Nissley (Samuel, John, 
Jacob), of Rapho, b. January 24, 1792 ; m. 
Anna Eby. They had issue : 

«'. -Hem-?/, b. 1814; d. 1851; m. Ann Hos- 

ii. Fanny, b. 1816 ; m. Samuel Snyder. 
Hi. Christian, b. 1818 ; m. Fanny Brenne- 

iv. Samuel, h. 1818; m., first. Anna Long; 

secondly, Maria Hershey. 
V. Jonas, b. 1821 ; d. 1848. 
vi. Benjamin, h. 1823 ; m. Susan Stauffer. 
vii. Catharine, 
via. David, m. a Rutt. 

XIV. Rev. Christian Nissley (Samuel, 
John, Jacob), of Chiques, b. October 20, 1794; 
m. Magdalena Bomberger. They had issue: 

i. Samuel, h. 1817:, d. 1824. 
ii. Joseph, b. 1821 ; m. Martha Sherch. 
Hi. Christian, b. 1825 ; d. 1844. 
iv. Martin-B., b. 1829. 
V. Martha, m. Andrew Gerber. 

XV. Rev. Christian Nissley (Martin, 
Jacob), b. 1777, in Mount Joy township, Lan- 
caster county. Pa.; d. 1831; m. Maria Krey- 
bill. They had issue : 

17. i. John, b. 1800 ; m. Barbara Snyder. 

18. ii. Rev. Peter, b. 1802; m., first, a Wit- 

mer ; secondly, a Kreider ; thirdly, 
a Sherch. 

19. Hi. Jacob, b. 1808 ; d. 1862 ; m. Elizabeth 

iv. Barbara, b. 1812 ; d. s. p. 

XVI. Jacob Nissley (Jacob, John, John, • 

Jacob), m. Barbara Hoffman, and removed 
to Crawford county, Pa. They had issue : 
i. Mary-Ann, m. William Stough, of 

ii. Christian-Joseph. 
Hi. Jacob-Hoffman, d. s. p. 
iv. John-K., m. and removed to Iowa. 
V. Frances, ni. George Spitler. 
vi. Amanda-Elizabeth, m. Abraham 

vii. Clara, m. David Espy. 
via. William- 0. 

XVII. John Nissley (Christian, Martin, 
Jacob), b. 1800 ; m. Barbara Snyder. They 
had issue : 

i. Henry-S., m. Anna B. Reist. 
ii. Mary-S., m. Martin W. Nissley. 
Hi. Fanny-S., m. C. K. Hostetter. 
iv. Christian-S., m. Mary N. Eby. 

V. Sarah-S. 

vi. John-E., m. Sarah N. Eby. 
vii. Barbara-8., m. Samuel S. Garver. 

XVIII. Rev. Peter Nissley (Christian, 
Martin, Jacob), b. 1802 ; was thrice married, 
first, to a Witmer ; secondly, to a Kreider ; 
thirdly, to a Sherch ; and there was issue : 

i. Mary-K., m. Solomon L. Swartz. 
ii. Esther-K., d. s. p. 
Hi. John-K., m. Maria B. Reist. 
iv. Leah-K., m. David L. Miller. 
V. Christlan-K., d. s. p. 
TO. Barbar'a-K., m. C. F. Hostetter. 
vii. Catharine-K., d. s. p. 
via. Anna-K., d. s. p. 

XIX. Jacob Nissley (Christian, Martin, 
Jacob), b. 1808; d. 1862, in Mount Joy town- 
ship, Lancaster county, Pa.; m. Elizabeth 
Kreybill. They had issue : 

i. Christian, d. s. p. 
ii. Jacob-K., m. Anna Rissor. 
Hi. Martha, m. Elias Eby. 
iv. Amos, d. s. p. 

V. Barbara, m. Jonas E. Hostetter. 
vi. Mary, d. s. p. 

vH. Catharine, m. Michael H. Engle. 
viii. Elizabeth, m. David Rutt. 
ix. Anna, m. Jacob Good. 
X. Samuel, d. s. p. 
xi. Rebecca, m. Jacob Mumma. 
xH. Simm-K. 

Owing to the constant repetition of the 
baptismal or christian names in this, as well 
as other families, it is a difficult matter to 
dovetail them. For instance, the following 



which is difficult to connect with the pre- 
ceding : 

Abraham Nissley, d. 1823 ; removed from 
Conoy to Frankhn county, Pa., in 1800; m., 
and had issue : 

i. Elizabeth, m. Samuel Ott. 

ii. Jacob, m. Susan Rutt. 

iii. Mary, m. Jacob Leidig. 

iv. Herman, m. Eliza Witmer. 

V. Joseph, m. Sarah Schwartz. 

vi. Fanny, b. 1800 ; d. 1838 ; m. Abraham 

Renick of Paxtang. 

I. Thomas Renick, a native of Ireland, 
came with his family to America in 1733. 
On the 27th of March, 1738, he took out a 
warrant for 326 acres in Paxtang township, 
where he had first settled. This land ad- 
joined lands of William Ritchey and Thomas 
Mayes. Of his family we have the record 
only of one son. 

II. William Renick (Thomas), b. about 
1740 in Ireland ; d. prior to 1763, in Pax- 
tang, for on the 5th of January that year his 
estate was divided ; and the children sever- 
ally released their claims against the estate 
of their father to their brother Henry. The 
family at that date were : 

3. i. Henry, b. 1725 ; m. Martha Wilson. 

4. ii. Thomas, b. 1730 ; m. Jean . 

iii. Margaret, b. 1733 ; resided in Cum- 

.berland county. Pa. 

iv. Alexander, b. 1736; resided in Cum- 
berland county. Pa. 
V. Samuel, b. 1738 ; resided in Cumber- 
land county, Pa.; m., and had a 
son William. 

vi. William, h. 1740 ; resided in Frederick 
county, Md.; m., and had a son 

vii. James, b. 1742 ; resided in Trenton, 
West Jersey. 

III. Henry Renick (William, Thomas), 
b. December 2, 1725, in the north of Ireland ; 
m., in 1750, Martha Wilson. They had 

i. William, b. Monday, October 6, 1749 ; 
d. March, 1776. 

ii. Sarah, b. Tuesday, October 15, 1751 ; 
d. March 12, 1823 ; m. John Wil- 
son, b. 1750; d. November 11, 1800. 
iii. Mary, b. Saturday, August 24, 1754. 

iv. Martha, b. Saturday, November 30, 
1755; m. William Swan. 

V. Esther, b. August 31, 1758 ; m., De- 
cember 14, 1784, Robert Foster, b. 
1758; d. January 20, 1834, in Buf- 
falo Valley, and left issue. 

vi. Margaret, b. September 12, 1760 ; d. s. p. 

IV. Thomas Renick (William, Thomas), 
b. about 1730 in the north of Ireland ; d. in 
April, 1777, in Paxtang; m. Jean Clark, 
daughter of Robert and Jean Clark, of Upper 
Paxtang; d. in May, 1782. They had issue: 
i. Mary, m. Hugh Miller. 
ii. Jean, m. Thomas Brunson. 
iii. John, d. May, 1784 ; unm.; directing 
his estate to be divided between his 
four sisters and his cousin, Esther 
iv. Margaret, 
v. Ann, m. Robert Boyd. 

The Sawyer Family. 

I. William Sawyer, a native of Ireland, 
settled on the Kennebec, in Maine, in the 
fall of 1717. Whether his father ever came 
to Pennsylvania is doubtful, but Will- 
iam located in Lancaster county, Derry town- 
ship, prior to 1735. He was born in 1703 
and died October 18, 1784. In old Derry 
church graveyard is this inscription : 

In memory of \ William Saw- | yer, who 
de- 1 parted this Life | Odo'r the 18 1784- \ in 
the 81st year \ of his age. 

His wife Sophia (maiden name not 
known), b. in 1705 ; d. September 9, 1788, 
and is buried by his side. They had issue, 
all b. in Derry township, among others : 

2. i. John, b. 1729; m. Jean Allen. 

ii. Hannah, b. April 21, 1731 ; d. October 
26, 1806 ; m. John Logan, b. 1729 ; 
d. February 21, 1788; and there 
was issue (surname Logan) : 

1. Thomas. 

2. William. 

3. John. 

4. Margaret,- m. a Willson. 

5. Mary, m. Samuel McCleery. 
iii. James, b. 1733. 

3. iv. Benjamin, b. 1735 ; m. Margaret 

V. Thomxis, b. 1737 ; m., March 30, 1762, 

Margaret McCallen. 
vi. \_A daw.], m. William Duncan and 
had William,. 

4. vii. William,, b. 1741 ; m. Jean Willson. 

II. John Sawyer (William), b. 1729 ; d. 



1812 ; m., October 27, 1757, Jean Allen, b. 
1736 ; dau. of William and Elizabeth Allen, 
of Hanover. They had issue : 

i. Joseph, b. 1758 ; m. Elizabeth ; 

removed to Preble county, Ohio, 
and died there. 
ii. John, m. Mary Bell, of Hanover. 
iii. William, 
iv. Jane, b. 1764; d. November 29,1803; 

m. Robert Geddes. 
V. Elizabeth, m. John Boal. 
vi. Sophia. 

There were other daughters. One mar- 
ried James Johnston, removed in 1727 to 
Fountain county, Ind.,and died there. One 
m. John McCord, and removed in 1827 to 
Preble county, Ohio. One m. John Allen, 
and another William Sawyer, a cousin. 
Concerning the latter, we have the follow- 
ing information : 

Some years after their marriage William 
Sawyer and his wife became thoroughly con- 
vinced that their marriage was wrong and 
agreed finally to separate. Accordingly their 
farm was sold and the proceeds divided. 
Both loved each other dearly, and when the 
time came for separation the ordeal was a se- 
vere one. After embracing his wife he would 
go a short distance, then return, and so con- 
tinued for some time, when at last, amid 
tears, he passed out of view. William Saw- 
yer went to the then far West, engaged in 
boating on the Ohio, and was subsequently 
drowned in the Kanawha river while taking 
down a boat load of salt. The widow of 
William Sawyer married Joseph Clokey, who 
left Ireland at the time of the Rebellion of 
'98, immediately after the battle of Belany- 
Hinch. " I was quite a boy," wrote the late 
Samuel Barnett, of Springfield, in 1867, " at 
the time, but remember hearing all about 
the case. He escaped almost by miracle to 
this country." Mr. Clokey's daughter Eliza 
came subsequently to this country. She mar- 
ried a Mr. Hughes, near Canonsburg, Pa., 
and deceased there, leaving two or three chil- 
dreu. Mrs. Clokey was a cousin of my 
mother's. She had by this second marriage 
two sons and one daughter. The daughter 
married Rev. Mr. Wilson, of Canonsburg, 
and died about 1866. Mr. Clokey removed 
from where he lived, near Hanover church, 
to Canonsburg, about 1813 or 1814. Both 
Mr. and Mrs. Clokey deceased there a number 
of years ago. Their son, John Clokey, mar- 
ried and had a family. His widow resides 

in Springfield, Ohio. Joseph Clokey, the 
other son, took a college course at Canons- 
burg, studied theology, joined the Associate 
Reformed Church at the time the union was 
consummated between the Associate and the 
Associate Reformed Church, now the United 
Presbyterian Church. He afterwards became 
professor of pastoral theology in the United 
Theological Seminary at Xenia, Ohio. He 
has been twice married. His first wife was a 
Patterson, by whom he had a son and daugh- 
ter. The former died at Springfield, Ohio ; 
the daughter married a Mr. Henry, and re- 
moved to Illinois. Dr. Clokey married, sec- 
ondly, a Mrs. Waddell, from near Wheeling, 
by whom he had three sons and two daugh- 
ters. One son is preaching at Steubenville, 
Ohio ; another at Indianapolis, and the third 
is a lawyer." The Rev. Dr. Clokey was the 
oldest minister in Springfield at the time this 
letter of Mr. Barnett's was written and con- 
sidered an able divine. 

III. Benjamin Sawyer (William), b- 
about 1735 in Derry township, then Lancas^ 
ter, now Londonderry township, Dauphin 
county. Pa.; d. February 5, 1792. He mar- 
ried Margaret , b. 1737 ; d. 1796 ; and 

they had issue : 

i. Thomas, m., and had William, Jr., m. 

Mary . 

ii. William, 
iii. James, 
iv. Hannah. 

IV. William Sawyer (William)>b. about 
1741, in Derry township, Lancaster county, 
now Londonderry township, Dauphin 
county ; d. August 20, 1785. He m., Octo- 
ber 1, 1761, by Rev. John Roan, Jean Will- 
son. After Mr. Sawyer's death she married 
David Miskimmins. They had issue : 

- i. Mary, m. William Grain. 
ii. Margaret, m. Archibald Boyd. 
iii. Joseph, b. 1773 ; d. February 28, 1789; 

buried in Derry churchyard. 
iv. William, m. Esther Rogers. 
V. Elizabeth, m. Alexander Weir. 

Shellys of Shelly's Island. 

I. Daniel Shelly, a native of Switzer- 
land, emigrated to America prior to 1740, 
and settled in Rapho township, Lancaster 
county. Pa. We have the names of only 
three of his children — of one of whom, the 
principal proprietor of " Rich Island," known 



afterwards as Shelly's Island, only have we 
data beyond the first generation. These 
children were : 

2. i. Christian, m., and left issue. 

3. a. Daniel, m., and left issue. 

4. Hi. Jacob, m., and left issue. 

II. Christian Shelly (Daniel), b. about 
1730, in Switzerland ; d. prior to 1785, in 
Hapho township, Lancaster county, Pa.; left 
a wife Magdalena, who d. iti 1796, and the 
following issue : 

i. Peter, d. about 1790, unm. 

ii. Jacob, m. Barbara , of Mt. Joy 

township, Lancaster county. 
Hi. Abraham, m. Catharine 

Rapho township, Lancaster county. 

iv. Christian, m. Elizabeth , of Jilt. 

Joy township, Lancaster county. 
V. Magdalena, m. Christian Martin, of 

Earl township, Lancaster county. 
vi. Barbara, m. Peter Snevely, of Lebanon 

vii. Mary, m. Christian Wisler. 
viii. Ann, m. Mark Martin. 
ix. Elizabeth, m. Sanauel Myer, Jr., of 
Rapho township. 

III. Daniel Shelly (Daniel), b. about 
1737; d. in June, 1802, on Shelly's Island, 
in the Susquehanna ; was married three or 
four times — in 1776, wife ^^lizabeth — in 1774, 
wife Catharine — in 1794, wife Barbara. He 
left the following children : 

5. i. Jacob, b. 1762 ; m. Anne . 

6. ii. Abraham, b. 1764 ; m; Rebecca 

7. Hi. Daniel, b. 1766. 

iv. Catharine, b. 1769; m. Joseph Rife. 

8. V. John, b. 1774 ; m., and had issue. 

vi. Nancy, b. 1776 ; m. Henry Etter, son 

of Henry and Eve Etter, of Derry. 
vii. Elizabeth, b. 1779 ; m. Jacob Bear. 

9. viii. Wendle, b. 1781 ; m. Ann Rife. 

10. ix. Susannah, b. 1783 ; m. Henry Rife. 

X.Mary (Polly), b. 1785; m. Henry 

Sharrer, of Paxtang. 
xi. Rachel, b. 1787 ; m. Mr. Brenneman, 
of Lebanon, Ohio. 

IV. Jacob Shelly (Daniel), b. about 
1740; d. prior to 1790; his widow Mary in 
1790 was the wife of Peter Bowman, of 
Hempfield township, Lancaster county, Pa. 
The issue of Jacob and Mary Shelly were : 

i. Jacob, m. Margaretta . 

ii. Mary, m. John Grouss. 
Hi. Barbara. 

V. Jacob Shelly (Daniel, Daniel), b. 
about 1762, in York county. Pa.; d. in De- 
cember, 1801, in Londonderry township, 

Dauphin county Pa.; m. Anne , b. 

1766 ; d. January, 1828. They had issue : 

i. Isaac, h. 1786 ; d. July, 1839 ; m., and 
had Jacob, d. at York, Pa., Samuel, of 
Adams county, Isaac, unm., Eliza- 
beth, d. s. p., and Nancy (Ann), m. 
S. H. Milligan. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. 1788. 

11. Hi. Danieljh. 1790 ; m., and had Ephraim 

and Daniel, 
iv. Nancy, b. 1792; d. prior to 1811. 
V. Polly, b. 1794. 

VI. Abraham Shelly (Daniel, Daniel), 
b. about 1764; d. prior to June,, 1815, in 
Londonderry township ; m., abovit 1790, Re- 
becca . They had issue : 

12. i. Elizabeth, b. 1790 ; m. William 


13. ii. Catharine, b. 1792 ; m. Martin Crall. 

14. Hi. Nancy, b. 1794 ; m. George Etter. 

15. iv. Polly (Mary), b. 1796; m. Henry 


VII. Daniel Shelly (Daniel, Daniel), b. 
about 1766; m. Elizabeth Shuman. They 
had issue : 

' i. John, m., and had Samuel, Elizabeth, 
m. Mr. Bear, John, and Christian. 

ii. Daniel, m., and had Ann, m. Mr. Mil- 
ler, Henry, and Mary, d. s. p. 

Hi. Elizabeth, m., John Sheaffer, of Lan- 
caster, Pa., and had Bartram-A., 
Ella, and Susan. 

iv. Jacob, m., and had Christian, Mary, 

and Nancy. 
V. Wendle, m., and had Danielaud Leah, 
m. George Souders. 

vi. Abraham, d. s. p. 

vii. Mary, d. s. p. 

viii. Christian, m., and had Lydia,- Adeline, 
m. Mr. Hoke, of Harrisburg, Oliver, 
Christian- W., Henrietta, m. George 
R. Winger, Catharine, d. s. p., and 

ix. Abraham, m., and had Elizabeth, m. 
Mr. Kass, Catharine, m. Mr. Bear, 
Bartram, Henry, Albert, Walter, Ed- 
ward, Swiler, Latimer, Lewis, Mary, 
m. Mr. Croft, Jane, m. Mr. Pray, 
and Anna. 
X. Lydia, m. John Croll, of York county, 
•Pa., and had Martin, Abraham, d.s. 
p., and Arabella, m. Mr. Miller. 

VIII. John Shelly (Daniel), b. about 



1774, in Londonderry township, Lancaster, 
now Dauphin county, Pa.; d. August, 1827 ; 

m. Lydia . They had issue : 

i. John-M., d. May, 1835 ; m. Lydia Her- 
man, and had Levi-Herman, d. 1846, 
John, Moses, Benjamin, d. s. p., and 
Anna, m. Jacob Miller. 
a. Susanna, m., June 4, 1823, David Det- 
weiler, and had (surname Det- 
weiler): Lydia, m. David Mumma, 
Esq., of Harrisburg, Ephraim, resid- 
ing in Missouri, and John-Shelly. 
Hi. Rachel, m., first, Abner CroU, of Mid- 
dletown, and had John-Shelly, Will- 
iam-A., Luther-H., and Lydia, m. 
Jacob L. Nissley ; secondly, Martin 

IX. Wendle Shelly (Daniel, Daniel), b. 
about 1781, on Shelly's Island ; d. January 
17, 1831, in Londonderry township, Dauphin 
county, Pa.; m. Ann Rife, daughter of Joseph 
and Barbara Rife; d. May, 1845. They had 

i. David-R, b. 1806. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. 1808 ; m. Abraham Gish, 
of Lancaster county. 
Hi. Susan, h. 1810 ; m. Daniel Kendig. 

16. iv. Michael, b. 1812 ; m. Elizabeth Croll. 

17. V. Lydia, b. 1814; m. John Wolfley. 

vi. Leah, b. 185 6; m. Mr. Bossier, of 
Lancaster county, Pa. 

X. Susanna Shelly (Daniel, Daniel), b. 
about 1783, on Shelly's Island ; m. Henry 
Rife, of Donegal township, Lancaster county; 
d. 1824. They had issue (surname Rife): 

i. Jacob, b. 1813. 
ii. Daniel, b. 1815. 
Hi. Mary, b. 1817 ; m. John H. Achey, of 

Dayton, 0., and had John and 

Joanna, m. Dr. Neil. 
iv. Abraham, b. 1819 ; m. Sarah Achey, 

of Ohio. 
V. John, b. 1821 ; m., and had John- 

Ellinger, of Washington, D. C, and 

George, of Baltimore, Md. 

XL Daniel Shelly (Daniel, Daniel), b. 

1790; m. Magdalena , who in 1839 

was the wife of Abraham Smith. There was 
issue : 

i. Anna, m. John Glatfelter. 
ii. Susanna, m. Joseph Shickel. 
Hi. Benjamin, h. 1820. 
iv. Ephraim, b. 1822. 
V. Daniel, b. 1824. 
XII. Elizabeth Shelly (Abraham, Dan- 

iel, Daniel), b. about 1794; m. "William 
Reeser, of York county. Pa.; and they had 
issue (surname Reeser) : 
i. John, 
ii. William. 

Hi. Eliza, m. Plenry Beard, of Spring- 
field, 0. 
iv. Sarah, m. Samuel Prowell. 
V. Susan, m. Hiram Prowell. 
vi. Alexander. 
vH. Abraham, d. s. p. 
via. Henry, 
ix. George. 

XIII. Catharine Shelly (Abraham, Dan- 
iel, Daniel), b. about 1792 ; m. Martin Crall, 
of York county. Pa.; and they had issue 
(surname Crall) : 

i. John. 

ii. Elizabeth, m. Michael Shelly. 
Hi. Henrietta, m. Christian Shelly. 
iv. Rachel, m. Henry Still. 
V. Susan, d. s. p. 

XIV. Nancy Shelly (Abraham, Daniel, 
Daniel), b. 1796, in Londonderry township, 
Dauphin county. Pa.; d. 1826, at Middle- 
town ; m., March 5, 1818, George Etter, of 
Middletown, b. 1 783 ; d. 1850 ; and they had 
issue (surname Etter) : 

i. George-W.,h. 1814; d. February 13, 

ii. Maria, m. John Josephus Walborn. 
Hi. Ann-Eliza, m. Philip Irwin. 
iv. Harriet, b. 1822 ; d. November 18, 

1889; m. John Monaghan. 
V. Benjamin-Franklin, b. September 29, 
1824 ; m. Catharine A. Snyder. 

XV. Mary Shelly (Abraham, Daniel, 
Daniel), b. about 1798, in Londonderry town- 
ship, Lancaster county. Pa.; m. Henry 
Smith, of Middletown ; and they had issue 
(surname Smith): 

i. Sarah, m. Samuel Jenkins. 
H. Elizabeth, d. s. p. 
Hi. Anna-Mary, m. A. H. Shott. 
iv. Catharine, m. Robert R. Church. 

V. Henry, d. s. p. 

vi. Margaret-E., m. John Ringland. 
vH. Louisa-J, m. Christian W. Kunkel. 

XVI. Michael Shelly (Wendle, Daniel, 
Daniel), b. 1812 ; d. January, 1865 ; m. Eliza- 
beth Croll. They had issue : 

i. David, m., and had issue. 
ii. Wendle. 

Hi. Anna- Catharine, m. 0. T. Everhart, of 
Hanover, Pa. 



iv. John-W. 

V. Jacob. 

vi. Clara-M., m.., and had issue. 
vii. Elizabeth-Elmira. 
viii. Mary-Louisa. 

ix. Henry-Wingert. 

XVII. Lydia Shelly (Wendle, Daniel, 
Daniel), b. 1814; d. December 24, 1839; m. 
John Wolfiey, b. AugKst 9, 1795 ; d. February 
18, 1872, at Middletown. They had issue 
(surname Wolfiey) : 
i. John, 
ii. Jacob. 
Hi. Annice, m. Dr. James A. Lowe. 

The Simpsons of Paxtang. 

I. John Simpson, of Scotland, settled in 
the north of Ireland after the battle of the 
Boyne, where he died and was buried. Of his 
family, we have the names of two of his 
sons, who were early settlers in Paxtang, 
coming to America in 1720. They were : 

2. i. Thomas, h. 1683 ; m., and had issue. 
ii. John, m., and had issue ; d. in Octo- 
ber, 1738, in Paxtang ; in his will 
is designated " of Fishing Creek." 

II. Thomas Simpson (John), a native of 
the north of Ireland, where he was born in 
1683, emigrated to America in 1720, and 
settled ih Paxtang, then Conestoga town- 
ship, Chester county. Pa.; he died in Pax- 
tang in June, 1761 ; was twice married ; by 
first wife there was issue : 

3. i. Samuel, b. 1706 ; m., and left issue. 
ii. Joseph, b. 1708 ; m., and left issue. 

Hi. William, b. 1710. 

iv. Rebecca, b. 1712. 

V. John, b. 1714. 
By second wife, Sarah, there was issue : 

vi. Mary, h. 1732 ; d. October 3, 1786 ; 

m. Rev. John Elder. 
vii. Jean, h. 1734 ; d. February 20, 1777 ; 
m. William Kelso, b. 1737 ; d. No- 
vember 26, 1788; both buried in 
Paxtang church graveyard. 

4. viii. Thomas, b. 1736; m., and had issue. 

X. Michael, b. 1740 ; became quite promi- 
nent in the Revolution. 

III. Samuel Simpson (Thomas, John), b. 
1708, in Paxtang; d. in December, 1791, in 
Paxtang, leaving a wife, and the following 
issue : 

i. Jean, b. 1730. 
ii. Margaret,h. 1732; m., October 4, 1752, 

William Augustus Harris, b. 1730; 

d. about 1760 ; leaving issue, John 

and Simpson, hoth d. s. p. 
Hi. Sarah, b. 1734; m. Col. William Cooke, 

of the Revolution. 
iv. Samuel, b. 1736. 
V. Rebecca, b. 1738 ; m. Thomas Cavet. 

vi. Nathaniel, b. 1740 ; m. Sarah . 

vii. Mary, h. 1741 ; m. Robert Taggart, of 

Northumberland county. 

IV. Thomas Simpson (Thomas, John), b. 
1736, in Paxtang ; d. February, 1777 ; m. 
Mary . They had issue : 

-, who after 

i. Michael, 
ii. Thomas, m. Mary — 

being left a widow m. William 

Hi. Rebecca. 

The Sloans of Hanovek. 

Several members of the Sloan family set- 
tled in Hanover as early as 1730, but in the 
absence of the assessment list it is difficult 
to fix the exact date. John Sloan, who died 
in September, 1741, left a wife Jean, and 
children, James, Robert, William, John, 
George, Sarah, and Cinquas. It was John 
Sloan, the first, who was tile ancestor of the 
Sloans of Hanover, but the connecting link 
we have no knowledge of. Several of the 
family followed the Rev. Mr. Sankey to 
Virginia, and hence the prominence of the 
name in the South. 

On the tax and other lists for 1751, 1756 
and 1759 we have only the names of John 
and Samuel Sloan. In 1769, the next list, 
John disappears, and Samuel, James, Archi- 
bald, and Alexander come upon the stage. 
Samuel died during the Revolutionarv era, 
in October, 1777, leaving brothers John, 
James, Archibald, and William. Archibald 
Sloan, who married first in 1759, Margaret 
Sloan, and secondly in 1766, Mary Craig, of 
Hanover, died in 1793. Concerning Alex- 
ander Sloan we have the following record : 
Alexander Sloan, b. in 1744 ; d. in Jan- 
uary, 1812 ; m. Jean Moor. They had issue : 
i. John, b. 1767 ; m. Elizabeth French, 
sister of Capt. James French ; re- 
moved to Ohio in 1832, and died 
there at an advanced age, leaving 
a large family. 
ii. Robert, b. 1769 ; m. Sarah McC'ormick. 
Hi. Alexander, b. 1771 ; m. Jane French, 





sister of John's wife; d. at Williams- 
port, Pa., at an advanced age. 
iv. Isabella, b. 1773; d. in 18 — , unm. 
V. James, b. 1775 ; m. Nancy McCreight ; 

d. December 1, 1820, in Hanover. 
vi. William, b. 1777; unm.; d. in 1818, 

in Hanover. 
mi. Jean, b. 1781 ; m. Alexander Bell, of 
Hanover; d. in 1832, in Ohio. 

Robert Sloan, a native of Hanover town- 
ship, born in 1769, was brought up on his 
father's farm. He subsequently applied 
himself to mechanical pursuits, and carried 
on the business of cabinet-making. On the 
30th of March, 1799, he was married by the 
Rev. James. Snodgrass to Miss Sarah Mc- 
Cormick, of Hanover, daughter of James 
McCormick and Isabella Dixon. Shortly 
after he removed to the city of New York, 
but about 1812 permanently located at Har- 
risburg, where he pursued his avocation. 
He became one of the old borough's promi- 
nent citizens — esteemed by all for his in- 
dustry, energy and uprightness of character. 
He was an elder in the First Presbyterian 
church thirteen years, " possessing," says 
Rev. Dr. Robinson, " the confidence of the 
church as a man of God, noble and blame- 
less in his uprightness." He died at Harris- 
burg, December 4, 1833, aged 64 years. His 
wife, Sarah McCormick, was one of the most 
amiable of women, whose life was character- 
ized by a faithful devotion to all the high- 
born virtues of Christian womanhood, only 
ending with her days on earth, which closed 
on the 5th of April, 1843. The children of 
Robert and Sarah Sloan, who reached matu- 
rity, were as follows : 

i. Eliza, m., first, Thomas Baird ; sec- 
ondly, James Rutherford Boyd. 
Mrs.Boyd survives and resides in 
ii. A lexander, m. Mary Todd, of Hanover, 
daughter of Capt. James Todd and 
Sally Ainsworth. Mr. Alexander 
Sloan survives and resides in Har- 
Hi. Isabella, m. Matthew P. Kennedy ; d. 

in 1877, at New Brighton, Pa. 
iv. John, d. at Indianapolis, Ind., in 1874. 
V. William, b. 1815; studied medicine 
with Dr. Luther Reily, graduated 
at the University of Pennsylvania, 
and in 1837 was appointed assistant 
surgeon in the U.S. army. He served 
through the Florida and Mexican 

wars. During the war of the Re- 
bellion he was medical director of 
the Department of the East, with 
headquarters in New York city. 
After the war he was transferred to 
the Department of the Northwest 
and stationed at St. Paul, Minn., 
where he died on the 17th of March, 
1880, aged 65, the oldest surgeon in 
continued service in the army. 
vi. Mary, m. D. Craighead; d. in 1866, 
at Indianapolis, Ind. 

Stewart of Paxtang. 

In the graveyard at Paxtang church are 
the following tombstone inscriptions : 

In I memory of \ Andrew Stewart \ who de- 
parted I this life March \ the 31st 1774. I -^ged 
76 years. 

In I memory of \ Mary Stewart \ who de- 
parted I this life April | SOth 1772 \ aged 65 

Andrew Stewart and Mary his wife came 
from Scotland prior to 1740. Owing to the 
destruction of the assessment lists immedi- 
ately subsequent to the formation of Lancas- 
ter county, of which the townships of Pax- 
tang, Derry and Hanover were an integral 
part upon its organization, it is very difficult 
to ascertain the precise year when the early 
settlers located here. Of the family of Stew- 
art there were at least three distinct heads. 
The name is indifferently spelled Stuart and 
Stewart, but rarely Stewart in the old records. 
The origin of the patronymic — Stewart — is 
from ward, to guard, to care for. The first 
syllable ste is of doubtful origin, but is sup- 
posed to mean a place, a corner, a quarter. 
Stuart, Stewart and Steward have all the 
same origin, although those who use the 
Stuart claim to have bluer blood in their 
veins, which, of course, is a fallacy. The u 
was substituted for the w because of their be- 
ing no w in the French alphabet, the Stew- 
arts having retired to France, or perhaps 
during the reign of Queen Mary Stuart, the 
French courtiers having introduced or per- 
sisted in the French mode of spelling the 
name Stuart. 

Andrew Stewart was a Covenanter of the 
most rigid faith, and the earliest Presbyte- 
rian minister in America, the Rev. John 
Cuthbertson, frequently tarried at his house 
while on his missionary tours. In his diary, 
under date of 20th of August, 1751, he notes 



the baptism of Eliza (Elizabeth), daughter 
of Andrew Stewart. On the organization of 
the Covenanter church at Paxtang, Mr. 
Stewart and his wife became members. But 
little is known of this hardy pioneer, save 
that in his day and generation he was ever 
loyal to the " Solemn League and Covenant." 

Of the family of Andrew Stewart, his 
eldest son John, born in Paxtang, on the 
24th of February, 1740, was educated for the 
ministry. While in England he was or- 
dained in the Established Church, returned 
to Pennsylvania, where he was received with 
aught but favor by his sirict old Covenanter 
father. He went as a missionary among the 
Indians in the Mohawk Valley, and made a 
translation of the New Testament in the Mo- 
hawk language. Refusing allegiance to the 
Colonies, in 1781 he went to Canada, where 
he became chaplain tp a provincial regiment, 
and subsequently as a missionary traveled 
through the upper province of Canada, 
where he labored with energy and success. 
In 1786 he settled at Kingston, and for some 
time previous to his death was chaplain to 
the Legislative Council. He died on the 15th 
of August, 1811. 

Of the children of the Rev. John Stewart, 
or Stuart, as our Canadian friends prefer to 
write it, we have been able to glean the fol- 
lowing data, hoping, however, that some 
member of the Literary and Historical So- 
ciety of Quebec will furnish us with fuller, 
if not more accurate information. James 
Stewart, the eldest son, was born at Fort 
Hunter, N. Y., March 2, 1780, became an 
eminent Canadian jurist and' chief justice of 
Lower Canada. He was called to the bar in 
1801; appointed solicitor general, 1805-9; 
attorney general, 1822-32 ; chief justice, 
1838-53. He was created a baronet in 1840, 
and died at Quebec July 14, 1853. His son, 
Sir Charles Stuart, now resides in England 
during the summer season, and in Italy 
during the winter. 

The second son, Andrew, was also a distin- 
guished jurist and solicitor general of Lower 
Canada — decidedly one of the most talented 
men of Canada — many years president of the 
Literary and Historical Society of Quebec; 
was born at Kingston, U. C, in 1786, and 
died at Quebec, February 21, 1840. He was 
the author of a number of valuable historical 
works. A son of Andrew Stuart is at present 
a judge — a gentleman of ability and ardent 

George O'Kill Stuart, another son, became 

an arch deacon. He married a daughter of 
Gen. John Brooks, a soldier of the Revolution 
and governor of Massachusetts from 1816 to 
1823. His son, of the same name, is judge 
of the Vice Admirality Court at Quebec. 

John Stewart, sheriff of Leeds and Green- 
ville, who resided at Brockville, on the 
British side of the St. Lawrence, was also a 
son of the Rev. John first named. 

We have given the foregoing to show the 
connection between the St&Warts of Paxtang 
and those of Canada. 

The other children of Andrew Stewart, 
the pioneer, were James, Mary, Elizabeth, 
previously named, who died May 1, 1773, 
aged twenty-three years; Charles, Andrew 
and Eleanor. Of none of these do we know 
the history save that of Eleanor, the others 
probably removingfrom this locality after the 
death of their father and mother. Eleanor 
married Richard DeYarmond, second son 
of James and Mary DeYarmond. She was 
born May 4, 1753, and died February 19, 
1830. Her husband, born in Hanover,'Sep- 
tember 1, 1743, died November 17, 1802. 
They are both interred in the old Hanover 
church graveyard. Their children were : 
James, born October 2, 1782, died January 7, 
1812 ; Mary, born in 1784, who married 
James McCreight, Jr.; Eleanor, born in 1788 ; 
Andrew Stewart, born in 1791, and Marga- 
ret, born March 1, 1793 ; died May 6, 1824. 

The Stewarts of Hanover. 

I. Lazarus Stewart, a native of the north 
of Ireland, came to America in 1729, the 
same year locating on a tract of land " situ- 
ate on Swahatawro creek," in then Lancas- 
ter county. This tract of three hundred 
acres was directed to be surveyed for him by 
the Proprietaries on the 6th of March, 1739. 
With the aid of two Redemptioners, whose 
passages were paid by him, he built within 
that and the two years following a house and 
barn, cleared twenty odd acres of arable land 
and planted an orehard. He died about 
1744. His farm was a long time in dispute, 
owing to the fact that the warrant never 
having been issued his son Lazarus took out 
a warrant for the same land. After the 
death of the first Lazarus' wife a suit was 
brought by William Stewart, eldest son of 
John Stewart, for the recovery of his share 
in his grandfather's estate. A distribution 
was made in 1785, from the record of which 



in the Orphans' Court proceedings we have 
the foundation of the genealogy herewith 
given. There is no information as to the 
name or the date of death of the first Laza- 
rus Stewart's wife. They may have had 
other children, but the following are the 
names of all whoireached mature years: 

2. i. John, b. 1712 ; m. Frances . 

3. ii. Margaret, b. 1714 ; m. James Stewart. 

4. Hi. Margery, b. 1716 ; m. John Young. 

iv. Lazarus, b. 1718. 

V. Peter, b. in 1720 ; took up one hun- 
dred acres of land adjoining An- 
drew Lykens and William Camp- 
bell, in Hanover township, sur- 
veyed to him on the 17th of Sep- 
tember, 1743. Prior to 1760 he re- 
moved to North Carolina ; m., and 
left issue. 

TO. James, b. 1722 ; took up one hundred 
and fifty acres of land " adjoining 
Lazarus Stewart and James Murray 
on Swahawtawro creek, in Hano- 
ver township," surveyed to him on 
the 2d of December, 1738. He 
married and removed to North 
Carolina with his brother. 

vii- David, b. 1724; m., and removed with 
his brothers to North Carolina. 

II. John Stewart (Lazarus), b. about 
1712, in Ireland ; d. April 8, 1777, in Han- 
over township, Lancaster, now Dauphin 
county, Pa., and is buried in the "New-Side" 
graveyard in Lower Paxtang township. On 
the 26th of May, 1744, one hundred and fifty 
acres of land " adjoining James and Lazarus 
Stewart in Hanover township" were surveyed 

to him. Married, in 1736, Frances , 

of Donegal, b. in 1716; d. November 16, 
1790, and is buried in old Hanover church- 
yard. They had issue: 

i. William., b. 1738 ; d. July 14, 1803 ; 

m., first, Mary , b. 1736 ; d. 

February 22, 1780; m., secondly, 

Mary Stewart, b. 1743 ;.d. August 

9, 1796. 
ii. Lazarus, b. 1740 ; m. Dorcas Hopkins. 
Hi. George, b. 1743 ; m. Rebecca Fleming. 

iv. James, b. 1745 ; m. Margaret . 

V. John, b. 1747 ; m. Margaret Stewart. 
TO. Marv, b. 1749 ; m. George Espy. 
vii. Jane, b. 1751 ; m. Armstrong. 

III. Margaret Stewart (Lazarus), b. in 
1714, in the north of Ireland ; d. in Hanover 
township, Lancaster county. Pa. She m. 
James Stewart, b. 1708, in the north of Ire- 

land, and d. in Hanover, Lancaster county, 
Pa. He had surveyed unto him, December 
2, 1738, one hundred and fifty acres of land 
" adjoining Lazarus Stewart and James Mur- 
ray, on Swahatawro creek, in Hanover town- 
ship." They had issue : 

i. Charles, b. 1731 ; m., and had issue, 
James, Lazarus, John, Margaret, 
Charles, and George. 
5. ii. Lazarus, b. May 16, 1733; m. Martha 
Hi. James, b.l737 ; m. Priscilla Espy, and 
had Lazarus. Subsequently, when 
a widow, she married Capt. An- 
drew Lee, of the Eevolution. 
6. iv. Jean, b. 1739 ; m. John Campbell. 

IV. Margery Stewart (Lazarus), b. 1716, 
in Ireland ; d. in Hanover township, Dau- 
phin county, Pa.; m. John Young, b. in Ire- 
land; d. in June, 1775, in Hanover town- 
ship. They had issue (surname Young) : 

i. David, 
ii. Mary. 
Hi. Margaret, m. Samuel Ainsworth, and 

left issue. 
iv. John. 
V. Margery, 
vi. George, 
vii. James. 

6. via. William. 

V. Lazarus Stewart (Margaret, Lazarus), 
b. May 16, 1733, in Hanover township, Lan- 
caster county, Pa.; fell in the massacre of 
Wyoming, July 3, 1778. He was the noted 
Capt. Lazarus Stewart, an officer in the 
Provincial service, and the captain of the 
Paxtang Boys, who so completely settled the 
question of the rights of Indian tramp ma- 
rauders south of the Blue mountains. Cap- 
tain Stewart m. Martha Espy, b. about 1740, 
in Hanover; d. in the Wyoming Valley. 
They had issue : 

7. i. James, b. 1757 ; m. Hannah Jameson. 

8. ii. Elizabeth, b. 1759; m. Alexander 

Hi. Josiah, b. 1761 ; m. Nancy Chapman ; 
removed to the State of New York 
at an early day. 

9. iv. Mary,h. 1763 ; m. Rev. Andrew Gray. 
V. Priscilla, b. 1766 ; m. Joseph Avery 

Rathburn, who settled in Western 
New York. Their children were 
John, Lazarus, and Joseph, all mar- 
ried and left descendants. 

10. vi. Margaret, b. 1767; m. James Camp- 




vii. Martha, b. 1769 ; d. unm. 

VI. Jane Stewart (Margaret, Lazarus), 
b. 1739, in Hanover township, Lancaster 
county, where she died shortly after the war 
of the Revolution. She m. John Campbell, 
b. 1732 ; d. June 1, 1781. They had issue 
(surname Campbell) : 

i. William, d. July 3, 1804; left a wife 
Margaret and a son James, h. Sep- 
tember 14, 1789, and Martha, bap. 
November 9, 1791. 

VII. James Stewart (Lazarus, Margaret, 
Lazarus), b. in 1757, in Hanover, Lancaster 
county. Pa.; d. in 1823, in Hanover, Luzerne 
county, Pa. He m. Hannah Jameson ; and 
they had issue : 

i. Martha, m. Abraham Tolles; and 
they had issue (surname Tolles): 
James, who m. and had Linda. 
a. Frances, m. Benjamin A. Bidlack ; and 
they had issue (surname Bidlack): 
11. m. Abigail, m. Abraham Thomas. 

iv. Caroline, m. Rev. Morgan Sherman; 
and they had issue (surname Sher- 
man): Mary, m. and left issue, and 
Caroline, m. James Morrison, who 
had Stewart and Irene. 
V. Lazarus, d. unm. 
m. Mary, d. unm. 
James Stewart's widow, Hannah Jameson, 
subsequently married Rev. Marmaduke 
Pearce and had three children, Stewart, 
Cromivell, and John Pearce. Stewart Pearce 
was the author of the "Annals of Luzerne 
County," a prominent man in his day. Crom- 
well Pearce was distinguished as a military 

VIII. Elizabeth Stewart (Lazarus, Mar- 
garet, Lazarus), lived and died in Luzerne 
county, Pa. She m. Alexander Jameson. 
They had issue (surname Jameson): 

i. William, m. Margaret Henry ; and 
they had issue : John, d. inf., and 
Mary, who m. and left descendants. 
ii. Robert, d. unm. 

Hi. Minerva, m. Dr. A. B. Wilson ; and 
they had issue (surname Wilson): 
Edward, Mary, m. Frank Stewart, 
and Minerva, m. F. A. Macartney, 
and they had Frank Macartney. 

iv. Elizabeth, ra. Rev. Francis Macartney; 
and they had issue (surname Ma- 
cartney): Francis-A., m. his cousin 
Minerva Wilson, Mary, d. unm., and 
Elizabeth, m. Dr. James Wilson. 

V. Martha, d. in 1880, unm. 

IX. Mary Stewart (Lazarus, Margaret, 
Lazarus), m. Rev. Andrew Gray. Mr. Gray 
was born in county Down, Ireland, January 
1, 1757 ; d. August 13, 1837. He resided in 
Paxtang, but went to Wyoming, settling in 
Hanover, where he preached. He was a 
Presbyterian, and subsequently removed to 
Western New York, where he missionated 
several years among the Seneca Indians, 
finally locating at Dansville, Livingston 
county, in that State. They had issue (sur- 
name Gray) : 

*. James, m. Rebecca Roberts. 
ii. Margaret, m. Richard Gillespie. 
Hi. Jane, m. Daniel Gallatin. 
iv. William,, d. unm. 
V. Andrew, left home early in life, and 

was never heard from. 
vi. Maria, m. James Jack. 
vii. Martha, d. unm. 
via. Elizabeth, m. Robert Perine. 

X. Margaret Stewart (Lazarus, Marga- 
ret, Lazarus), d. in Hanover township, Lu- 
zerne county. Pa.; m. James Campbell, who 
lived and died in the same township. They 
had issue (surname Campbell) : 

i. Jarrves- Stewart, d. unm. 
ii. Martha, m. James S. Lee, and they 
had issue (surname Lee) : Andrew, 
m. Sarah Buchhout, Priscilla, m. 
Hon. Siba Bennett, Washington, m. 
Emily Thomas, Margaret, m. Dr. 
James Doolittle, Mary, m. Lewis 
C. Payne, and William, d. unm. 
Hi. Mary, m. Jameson Harvey, and they 
had issue (surname Harvey) : Mar- 
garet, m. Robert C. Pieman, Mary, 
William-J., m. Jessie Wright, and 
Harrison, m. Amanda Merritt. 
iv. Margaret, m. James Dilley, and they 
had issue, among others (surname 
Dilley) : Mary, Margaret, and Har- 

XL Abigail Stewart (James, Lazarus, 
Margaret, Lazarus), b. in Hanover, Luzerne 
county, Pa. ; d. there about 1830. She m. 
Abraham Thomas, and they had issue (sur- 
name Thomas): 

i. Emily, m. Col. Washington Lee, and 
they had issue (surname Lee): 
Bessie- Campbell, m. Dr. William 
Morton, James-Francis, m. Madge 
Swetland, Mary-Josephine, m. Bruce 
Price, Ella-Headley, d. inf., Emma- 



Thomas, m. Benjamin Barroll, and 
Charles-William, m. Lilly Doolittle. 
a. Martha, m. Joseph C. Rhodes, and 
they had issue (surname Rhodes): 
Clubine-Lee, Clementine-Thomas, and 
Helen- Headley, m. Walter Meek. 

Hi. Clementine, d. unm. 

iv. Frances, d. unm. 

V. Helen, m. John Boyd Headley, and 
they had issue (surname Headley) : 
Annie-Latona, d. in inf., William- 
Thomas, m. Kate P. Freese, John- 
Boyd, and Nellie-Boyd. 

vi. Latona, d. unm. 

The Umholtz Family. 

We are not entirely satisfied as to the 
orthography of this surname. Many of the 
old records have it Imholtz, some Omholtz, 
and others Umholtz. We are of the opinion 
that the former is the correct orthography. 
As the present members of the family adhere 
to the latter it is this nomenclature we shall 
also employ. 

Henry Umholtz, with a younger brother, 
came to this country from Switzerland prior 
to the Revolution and located in what is now 
Lykens township, Dauphin county, along 
the base of Short mountain, about two miles 
from Gratztown, where John Umholtz 
now resides. Here they took up quite a 
large tract of land and commenced farming. 
The brother entered the army at the outset 
of the war of the Revolution, in Capt. Will- 
iam Hendrick's company, and fell in the as- 
sault on Quebec. Henry was also in service 
during the war, as appears by the rolls of 
Captains Hoffman's and Weaver's com- 

Henry Umholtz married about 1769 his 
first wife, who was a Miss Rouch. Sometime 
after her death he married Magdalena Sei- 
densticker, daughter of Philip Seidensticker, 
of Bethel township, now Lebanon county. 
Mr. Umholtz died at an advanced age, and 
with his two wives are buried at Hoffman's 
church. His children were as follows : 

i. John, b. August 11, 1770; was a farmer 
and resided near Berrysburg. He 
married Catharine Harman and 
had a large family. Of these John- 
Jacob was a major in the Pennsyl- 
vania militia, and father of Joseph 
and Jacob now living near Gratz. 

The latter served as director of the 
poor a few years ago. 
a. Barnhart, b. October 22, 1772 ; d. Au- 
gust, 1829; was a farmer and resided 
above Gratztown. He married 
Catharine Rissinger, and had Mi- 
chael, Solomon, who resides on or 
near his father's place, Philip, 
Susan, m. Jacob Walborn, Anna- 
Margaret, m. George Holloback, 
Catharine, m. Michael Fisher, and 
Esther, m. Daniel Emanuel. 
Hi. Michael, b. August 31, 1776; removed 
to what is now Perry county, where 
he married and raised a family. 
iv. John-Philip, b. September 14, 1779. 
He purchased his father's farm, fol- 
lowed farming and died April, 1838. 
He married Anna Maria Willard, 
daughter of Peter Willard, and had 
Matthias, who settled in Stark 
county, 0.; John, m. Mollie Shoff- 
stall, resided on the old homestead ; 
Samuel, resided near Gratz ; Chris- 
tian, removed to Mercer county, Pa.; 
Susan, m. Daniel Loudenslager ; 
Catharine, m. Isaac Henninger, of 
Stark county, 0., and Elizabeth, m. 
John P. Hoffman. 
V. Henry, h. September 17, 1783; d. De- 
cember, 1829 ; was a soldier of the 
war of 1812, followed farming and 
owned a farm near Isaac Zitlinger's. 
He married Susan Hoover, daugh- 
ter of Jacob Hoover, of Hoover's 
Mill. They had Rebecca, m. Benja- 
min Gise, father of Capt. Joseph D., 
Leah, m. George W. Ferree, Polly, 
m. John Henninger, and Henry, Jr., 
who for many years was a distin- 
guished teacher in the " Upper 
vi. Anna-Maria, b. July 12, 1781 ; m. 
Peter Yartz. 
The family of Umholtz have all been sub- 
stantial and representative farmers of the 

The Weise Family of Lykens Valley- 
Adam Weise was born in New Goshen- 
hoppen, Philadelphia county, Pa., Decem- 
ber 23, 1751. His parents were John George 
and Eve Weise. They moved from New 
Goshenhoppen to Heidelberg township, 
Berks county, Pa., where Adam was brought 



up in a Christian-like manner in the faith 
and doctrine of the Evangelical Lutheran 

The subject of this sketch was married on 
the 2d of February, A. D. 1772, to Margaret 
Elizabeth Wingard, who was born in Heidel- 
berg township, Berks county, on the loth of 
March A. D. 1749. Her parents were Lazarus 
and Catharine Elizabeth Wingard. She be- 
longed to the Evangelical Presbyterian (Ger- 
man Reformed) Church. By this marriage 
there were the following children : 

i. Catharine- Elizabeth, h. November 21, 
1772, in Heidelberg township, 
Berks county ; m. George Gun- 
drum, April 7, 1795, by Rev. Will- 
iam Hendel. 
a. Ann-Elizabeth, b. April 28, 1774, in 
Hagerstown, Md. (the family hav- 
ing removed to that place the pre- 
vious year); m. Philip Shaffer, 
April 5, 1795. He died March 23, 
1814, in Upper Paxtang township, 
Dauphin county. 
iii. John, b. August 13, 1776, in Hagers- 
town; m. Elizabeth Bordner, 
daughter of Michael Bordner, of 
Upper Paxtang township, Dauphin 
county, on June 7, 1801. 
iv. Anna-Mary, b. June 28, 1778, in 
Hagerstown; m. Michael Shade! 
November 7, 1797, in Upper Pax- 
tang township, Dauphin county. 
V. John-Adam, h. January 24, 1780, in 
Hagerstown ; m. Eve Bordner, 
of Upper Paxtang township, 
Dauphin county, in the year 1801. 
His wife died the first year of their 
marriage, and he was married the 
second time, to Elizabeth Lebo. 
Adam Weise served as a sergeant in the 
Maryland cavalrj' in the Revolutionary war, 
enlisting at Hagerstown. He moved with 
his family from Hagerstown to Upper Pax- 
tang township, in Lykens Valley, Dauphin 
county. Pa., in the year 1782. [He settled 
at this time on the north or south side of 
Wiconisco creek, on the road (as now known) 
leading from Gross-Roads to Berrysburg, 
formerly Hellerstown. According to the 
best information obtainable, he settled on 
the north of said creek, on what is generally 
known as the' Elder farm, and very likely 
he owned the land on both sides of the creek, 
for he owned three hundred acres or over. 
When I (his youngest son) was ten or twelve 
years old, in passing along on that road in 

company with old men of the valley, I was 
shown the place where they said my father's 
blacksmith shop had stood, which was a 
little back in the field from the road, south- 
west from the old residence, which is still 
standing, but has been remodeled and re- 
paired at different times. I was also shown 
where he had his coal-pit or hearth, which 
was about a hundred yards slightly north- 
west from where the shop stood, in the woods. 
Blacksmiths used nothing but charcoal in 
those days, and most of them burnt or charred 
their own coal. It should be remembered, 
also, that nearly all of what is now Wash- 
ington and Mifflin townships to the Susque- 
hanna river was included in Upper Paxtang 

vi. John-George, b. Jauuary 7, 1786, in 
Upper Paxtang township, Dauphin 
county ; m. Charlotte Moore, 1808. 
The Indians were very troublesome, and 
from this and other causes the family re- 
moved to Bethel township, Berks county, 
Pa., 1788. 

vii. Anna-Margaret, b. February 14, 1789, 
in Bethel township, Berks county ; 
m. Michael Shoop, November 6, 
1808, in Upper Paxtang township, 
Dauphin county. 
via. Anna-Maria, b. July 21, 1791, in 
Bethel township, Berks county; 
m. Abraham Jury, 1811, in Upper 
Paxtang township, Dauphin county. 
Mr. Weise moved back to Lykens Valley 
to the old place in the year 1796, and in 
1802 took up his residence in Millersburg, 
erecting the third house in the town and a 
blacksmith shop, on the southwest corner of 
Union and Race streets (now owned bj' Levi 
Bowman, Sr.). His anvil was the town clock 
in the morning for a number of years, so the 
old people of Millersburg used to say. He 
was commissioned a justice of the peace by 
Governor Mifflin February 1, 1799. Re- 
mained in offlce over thirty-four years, or 
until his death in 1833. 

His wife died on Sunday, March 29, 1818, 
and was buried on the following Tuesday, 
in the David's (German Reformed) grave- 
yard, about three miles northeast of Millers- 
burg. The funeral attendance was exceed- 
ingly large, and Revs. J. R. Reily and Nich- 
olas Hem ping were present. A very appro- 
priate sermon was preached by Rev. J. R. 
Reily, from Psalms iv. 8. She reached the 
age of 69 years and 14 days. They lived 



together in matrimony 46 years, 1 month 
and 26 days. 

Adam Weise entered into matrimony the 
second time August 23, 1818, with Mary 
Kuehly (Keely), widow of George Kuehly, 
of Swinefordstown, Union county. Pa. (now 
Middleburg, Snyder county). Her parents 
were Jacob and Mary Bitterman,from Mont- 
gomery county, Pa. She was born March 
20, 1765, in Montgomery county. 

_ On Sunday evening, September 10, 1820, 
his second wife died, and was buried the fol- 
lowing Tuesday in the German Reformed 
burial ground, alongside his former partner. 
Her age was 55 years, 5 months and 15 days. 
Rev. Isaac Gearheart preached on the occa- 
sion, from the words recorded in Isaiah 
xxxviii. 1. 

Mr. Weise entered into matrimony the 
third time December 10, 1820, with Catha- 
rine Patton, widow of James Patton, of 
Swinefordstown, Union county, Pa. (now 
Middleburg, Snyder county). Her maiden 
name was Catharine Neiman. She was born 
November 10, 1785, in Montgomerry county. 
Pa. Her parents were Conrad and Catharine 
Neiman. This union was blessed with the 
following issue: 

ix. Abel, b. October 3, 1821, in Millers- 
burg, Dauphin county. Pa. He is still 
living, a resident of Lykens. 
X. Hannah, b. February 13, 1823. 
xi. Frederick- Neiman, b. August 25, 1825, 
in Millersburg. 
Adam Weise died October 5, 1833, in 
Millersburg, after a long and useful life, 
and was. buried by the side of his two de- 
ceased wives in the graveyard of David's Re- 
formed church. Upper Paxtang township. 
Rev. Isaac Gearheart officiated at the funeral. 
His age was 81 years, 9 months and 12 days. 
Catharine Weise, surviving relict of Adam 
Weise, died in Berrysburg, Dauphin county, 
April 30, 1863, aged 77 years, 5 months 
and 20 days. She was buried in the ceme- 
tery of the Evangelical -Lutheran and Ger- 
man Reformed church at Berrysburg. Fu- 
neral services were held by Revs. Bosler and 
I. Gearheart. 

At the death of Adam Weise there were 11 
children, 63 grandchildren and 133 great- 
grandchildren. The descendants of the above 
record (which is made from a correct trans- 
lation of the original German by Rev. Mi- 
chael Lenker) are now scattered in nearly 
every State of the Union, especially in the 
West. F. N. w. 

The Family of Wiggins. 

I. John Wiggins, son of James and Jean 
Wiggins, was born about 1680 in the north 
of Ireland. He came to America about 
1738, locating in Paxtang. His name ap- 
pears on the first assessment list of the North 
End of Paxtang for 1749. He died in Feb- 
ruary, 1762, his will being probated the 
month following. He left a wife Mary 
(probably a Barnett) and children as fol- 
lows : 

i. James, b. 1706. 

a. Jean, b. 1708. 

Hi. Martha, h. 1710. 

iv Margaret, b. 1712. 
2. V. John, b. 1714; m. Elizabeth . 

vi. Agnes, b. 1716; m. Thomas Maguire 
and had a daughter Sarah. 
At this time it seems as if his youngest 
children, John and Agnes, with his wife, were 
the only members of his family in America, 
for in the disposition of his estate he directs 
that the other children were to have their 
share " if they come to this country." It is 
probable they came, and afterwards went 
with the tide of Scotch-Irish immigration 
southward, as the name appears in Virginia 
and the Carolinas. 

II. John Wiggins (John, James), born in 
Ireland, in 1714; came to America with his 
parents, and remained on the parental farm. 
He d. June 12, 1794. He m. Elizabeth 

, b. in 1716 ; d. June 5, 1784. They 

are both interred in Paxtang graveyard. 
Their children were : 

i. Thomas, h. 1746; d. August, 1798. 
He studied medicine, and served 
in the war of the Revolution. Was 
surgeon of the New Eleventh, Penn- 
sylvania Line, Col. Thomas Hart- 
ley, commissioned July 1, 1778. 
Owing to ill health, due to the pre- 
vious exposure in the service," he 
resigned January 23, 1780. 

a. John, b. 1748 ; d. October 21, 1830, in 
Northumberland county. It is 
said that when a young man he 
was attacked by a panther on his 
way home from Paxtang church, 
and killed the animal with his 
fists, although he bore the marks 
of its claws all his life. 

Hi. Elizabeth, b. 1750. 

iv. James, b. 1782 ; d. June, 1805, unm., 
bequeathing his estate to his sur- 
viving brother and sisters. 



V. Jean, b. 1754 ; m., in 1777, Dr. Will- 
iam Simonton. 
m. Margaret, b. 1756 ; m., March 20, 1787, 
James Henderson. 

vii. Mary, b. 1758 ; m. John, brother of 
Dr. William Simonton, who had 
deceased prior to 1805, leaving a 
son Thomas. 

via. Agnes, b. 1760; m. William, son of 
William and Isabella Brandon, of 
Hanover, who had deceased prior 
to 1805, leaving sons, Thomas and 
James, and daughter Ann, m. James, 
son of David Pettigrew, who left 
Hanover about 1792. 

The Youngs of Hanover. 

I. Robert Young, an early settler in 
Hanover township, then Lancaster county, 
d. about 1749, leaving a wife Kerstine, and 
children : 

2. i. James. 

3. u. John, m. Margery Stewart. 

II. James Young (Robert), of Hanover, d. 
in 1772, leaving children : 

4. i. William, m. Catharine . 

5. a. James. 

Hi. John, m. Agnes , and had 

among others John, 
iv. Andrew, m. Sarah , and had 

among others Andrew and Josiah. 
V. Alexander, d. s. p. 

III. John Young (Robert), of Hanover, d. 
in May, 1775, leaving a wife Margery 
(Stewart), and children : 

i. David. 

a. Mary, m. James Dixon. 
Hi. Margaret, m. Samuel Ainsworth. 
iv. John. 
V. Margery, 
vi. George, 
vii. James. 

6. via. William, ra. Martha . 

IV. William Young (James, Robert), of 
Hanover, d. in January, 1785, leaving a wife 
Catharine, and children : 

i. Robert. 

ii. John. 
Hi. James. 

iv. Andrew, m. Margery , and had 


V. Esther. 

vi. Martha, 
vii. William. 

V. James Young (James, Robert), of Han- 
over, d. in May, 1787, leaving children : 

i. \^A daw.], m. Samuel Johnson. 
ii. Elizabeth. 
Hi. Jane. 

iv. [A dau.], m. William McCauley. 
V. Margaret, m. James Robinson. 
vi. Andrew. 

vii. Sarah, m. John Watt. 
via. John, 
ix. James. 
X. Alexander. 

VI. William Young (John, Robert), of 
East Hanover, d. March 15, 1796, leaving a 
wife Martha, and children : 

i. Catharine, b. 1779 ; m. James Bell, b. 

1772 ; d. March 6, 1814. 
ii. Eleanor, b. 1781. 
Hi. William, b. 1783. 
iv. John, b. 1785. 
V. Jane, b. June 1, 1788. 
vi. James, b. September 14, 1789. 
vii. Esther, h. April 16, 1791. 
via. Robert, b. 1793. 


Some of the Industries ol the City and County. 

Apart from Harrisburg being the Capital 
City of Pennsylvania, there is that which 
exists within it, and the surrounding towns, 
to make it of far greater importance — a city 
of industry. From its earliest existence its 
location has been such as to invite capital, 
and it embraces within its industrial estab- 
lishments, manufactories which in their 
great success show the financial and com- 
mercial progress of the city and county more 
than anything else. The local situation has 
always been favorable for healthfulness and 
a desirable place for residence, while the 
abundant water supply, the railroad facili- 
ties, and whatever else is necessary for build- 
ing up a large manufacturing metropolis is 
found within the county of Dauphin. The 
markets are unexcelled ; the fertile islands, 
and plateau along the river, with the beau- 
tiful and productive valley lying between 
the 'North and South mountains, furnish sup- 
plies more than would be needed for a popu- 



lation ten times greater than now within the 
limits of the county. Of the character of 
the manufacturing enterprises it is needless 
to speak, and yet, at the same time it is 
necessary to show what has been accom- 
plished within a few brief decades. 

Beginning with the Pennsylvania Steel 
Company, which was organized in June, 
1865, the plant of which now covers 160 
acres, one stands in wonderment at the mar- 
velous strides made in the mechanical world. 
The construction of the steel plant at what 
is now the city of Steelton (for city it ought 
to be termed), was commenced in December, 
1865, and was ready fur operation in May, 
1867. On the 25th day of the same month, 
the first steel ingots ever produced in 
Pennsylvania by the Bessemer process 
were made. The rail mill of the Pennsyl- 
vania Steel Company went into operation 
May 15, 1868. The importance to the rail- 
road interests of the country, and to all con- 
sumers, of the successful commencement, at 
these works, of the manufacture of steel rails 
has been very great, and probably no one 
can appreciate the value to the country of 
the business which began at these works at 
that date. During the first years of opera- 
tion the steel ingots were hammered before 
rolling in the Forge Department, where they 
had what was at that time the largest steam 
hammer in the country. The practice of 
hammering was continued until December, 
1876, when the present Blooming Mill No. 
1 went into operation. Since that time the 
steam hammers have been employed in the 
production of forgings and other shapes of 
special steel. In 1875 the company increased 
its capacity for the production of steel by 
erecting an open hearth furnace plant. The 
original open hearth plant was later replaced 
by one of greatly increased capacity', and the 
capacity has been increased several times by 
the addition of new furnaces. The original 
Bessemer plant, known now as Bessemer No. 
1, had two converters, the nominal capacity 
of five tons each. In 1881 an additional 
Bessemer plant, known as Bessemer No. 2, 
was completed and put in operation. This 
plant has three converters of ten tons ca- 
pacity each, and was arranged and con- 
structed on plans which secured great facili- 
ties for handling material and products, and 
enabled it to develop great capacity of pro- 
duction. The company commenced the 
erection of blast furnaces in 1872 to produce 
pig iron for their own purposes, and com- 

pleted No. 1 furnace in 1873, No. 2 fur- 
nace in 1875, No. 3 furnace in 1883, and 
No. 4 furnace in 1884. These furnaces are 
of highly approved designs, with the Whit- 
well patent hot blast stoves, and have pro- 
duced outputs of iron comparing favorably 
with any blast furnaces in the country. 
Rolling mills for making steel bars of the 
various sizes and shapes, known as " mer- 
chant bars," were erected in 1882, the plant 
taking the name of " merchant mill," the 
product of the same consisting of merchant 
bars, billets, rail splices, angles, and various 
other shapes. This plant has been enlarged 
by the billet mill building, with a large 
amount of machinery used in finishing the 
product. In 1885 there was added to the 
Forge Department a train of rolls of the type 
known as "universal," driven by a powerful 
reversing engine, for rolling special qualities 
of steel into slabs and blooms of dimensions 
required by manufacturers of plates, etc., and 
this branch of manufacture has been fully 
employed. In 1886 an additional mill, 
called Blooming Mill No. 2, was erected for 
the preparation of special steel required by 
manufacturers of nails, etc., and has also pro- 
duced a great product. The manufacture 
of switches, steel rail frogs, crossings, etc., 
commenced in 1872, and this branch having 
met with great encouragement from railway 
managers in various parts of the counti'y, 
has been enlaiged from time to time. 

A substantial and handsome brick build- 
ing 478 feet long and 78 feet wide was 
erected in 1882, replacing the building pre- 
viously used for this business, and sti^ 
greater enlargement having become expedi- 
ent there was erected a very large addition, 
consisting principally of one building 210 
feet long, 125 wide; another building 144 
feet long and 35 feet wide. These buildings 
have been fitted with the most approved ap- 
pliances for the production of frogs, switches, 
&c., and the business has grown to very large 
proportions, conducted under the title of 
Frog, Switch and Signal Department. In 
1893 a slabbing mill for rolling slabs, plates 
and other structural material was erected, 
still further adding to the immensity of the 
plant. The company next organized a de- 
partment for the manufacture of bridges, 
viaducts, roofs, buildings and other construc- 
tions, under the title of Bridge and Construc- 
tion Department. Several large buildings 
have been erected for the purposes of this de- 
partment, and it has entered upon a very 



busy career. Departments for the manufac- 
ture and removal of various appliances were 
found necessary at an early day in the his- 
tory of the company, and a foundry, ma- 
chine shop and smith shop went into opera- 
tion in 1867. These were enlarged from 
time to time with substantial buildings, 
which at the present day rank among the 
largest plants of this description in the State, 
with building appliances in all manner of 
machine tools and other appliances for the 
reproduction and repairs of the heaviest class 
of machinery used in the works. In 1867 
the company's yearlv product of steel ingots 
was 1,005 tons; in 1890 it was 304,488 tons. 
This gives someidea ofthecompany'sgrowth. 
In 1890 the product of one day was nearly 
equal to the whole year's product of 1867. 
The total product of steel ingots from 1867 
to 1895 was four millions, twenty-six thou- 
sand, eight hundred and four tons! ! Think 
of this, if you can, and pause while you 
think. There was a decrease in the output 
of the years 1891, 1892, 1893 and 1894, 
owing in part to the general business de- 
pression and also to a change in the charac- 
ter of the product. A great proportion of 
the rails now manufactured are for electric 
roads, and are much more difficult to make 
than for steam roads. The immense acreage 
of the company lies between the Pennsylva- 
nia railroad and the Pennsylvania canal. 
The length of the plot is over a mile and a 
quarter, and the view presented to those pass- 
ing in the trains of the Pennsylvania road is 
one of decided and unusual interest. The 
tremendous quantities of metal to be seen 
from the train invariably attract attention, 
and persons frequently imagine the metal to 
be held for speculation, until they learn that 
the monthly requirements are twenty-five to 
thirty thousand tons. The movement of the 
vast amount of material daily required in 
the works is a matter requiring extensive 
facilities, and the company has over twenty 
locomotives of various sizes plying upon 
tracks equal in extent to upwards of thirty 
miles of single track railroad. The freight 
cars received and dispatched in some weeks 
exceed 2,500, or 400 per day. The pay roll 
of the company embraces five thousand 
names, and the annual disbursements for 
labor is nearly two million dollars. There 
are over 20,000 persons who have their sup- 
port directly from this company's disburse- 
ments for labor alone, and when we consider 
the disbursements for materials, supplies, 

&c., and for the freight paid to the railroad 
companies carrying the materials, (fee, and 
endeavor to estimate the extent to which the 
material interests, of those in various ways 
related to or in some manner dependent on 
the successful prosecution of this immense 
enterprise, we may safely estimate the im- 
portance of this company's affairs affects a 
population equal to that of many congres- 
sional districts. It was computed by a re- 
cognized statistician that the railroad ton- 
nage due to the transportation of the mate- 
rials and products of a similar and less im- 
portant establishment for a year represented 
more ton miles than the business of the great 
State of Texas for a corresponding period. 

The works are reached by the tracks of 
the Pennsylvania railroad, also by the 
tracks of the Philadelphia & Reading rail- 
road. This industry has given birth to a 
city. Steelton is the outgrowth of the Penn- 
sylvania Steel Company. Twenty-one years 
ago the site of the town was nothing but farm 
lands, to-day it is a bustling community 
that holds within her corporate limits 
several other large industries that would 
reflect credit upon any metropolis in the 
country, and which are known from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific on account of their 
various products. Steelton is a well built 
city, mostly of brick, it is also well paved 
and is equipped with gas, water, electric 
light and electric railway accommodations. 
The Steelton high school is one of the best 
structures in the State; there are palatial, 
residences and comforts, and all the stores 
and commercial interests are thriving. 
Samuel Morse Felton founded the enter- 
prise and organized the Pennsylvania Steel 
Company. He was born July 17, 1809. At 
the age of fourteen he was employed as a 
clerk in a grocery store in Boston, and while 
there fitted himself for Harvard College, 
from which he graduated in 1834, begin- 
ning the study of law. For the benefit of 
his health he soon adopted the profession of 
civil engineering, and in 1838 engaged in 
railroad construction in New England. In 
1845 he became superintendent, and in 1871 
he became president of the Philadelphia, 
Wilmington & Baltimore railroad, and re- 
moved to Philadelphia. Paralysis com- 
pelled him to retire in 1865 for a short 
time. After several months of rest, in con- 
nection with J. Edgar Thomson, president 
of the Pennsylvania Eailroad Company, 
and others, he took up the manufacture of 



steel rails, and the result was the organiza- 
tion of the Pennsj'lvania Steel Company. 
Mr. Felton was elected president, and held 
that position during his life. He died Jan- 
uary 24, 1889, aged nearly 80 years. He 
was a man of marvelous executive ability, 
and was deeply interested in the welfare of 
the company. His genial presence and 
wise counsel have been greatly missed by 
former associates, and his memory is highly 
honored by all who knew him' in pubhc 
and private life. The Pennsylvania Steel 
Company was fortunate in securing, in 1874, 
the services of Maj. Luther S. Bent as super- 
intendent. From the date of his engage- 
ment by the company the history of the 
same has been one of continual progress 
and great prosperity. The devotion with 
which he managed the multidinous affairs of 
the company has never been exceeded in 
any similar enterprise. By his grasp of its 
affairs, and his foresight, he has been en- 
abled to conduct it with a success, the fame 
of which is world-wide. During the latter 
years of Mr. Felton's life. Major Bent as- 
sumed the position of general manager and 
vice-president, and upon the death of Mr. 
Felton was chosen president and continued 
such until 1896 when Mr. Edgar C. Felton, 
son of the first president, was elected. The 
general superintendent of the company is Mr. 
Harr}' H. Campbell, who has charge of the 
practical affairs of the manufacturing depart- 
ments, and upon his shoulders rests agreat re- 
sponsibility, which he assumes with the 
confidence born of success. The president 
and general manager of the company, Mr. 
Edgar C. Felton, is the guiding spirit 
of the company's affairs, a born executive, 
a master of intricate detail and is possessed 
of that spirit of public progress so essential 
to the commercial success of all communi- 

The Chesapeake Nail Works, Central Iron 
"Works, and the Universal Mill, under prac- 
tically one management, come next in indus- 
trial productiveness. The plant of the 
Chesapeake Nail Works was erected on the 
present site in the year 1866, by Mr. Charles 
L. Bailey. Twice since the building was 
erected misfortune has fallen upon it. In 
1878 a terrible explosion occurred, partially 
demolishing the machinery and buildings. 
It was subsequently rebuilt, only to undergo 
the same misfortune by fire in September, 
1882. Mr. Bailey, not disheartened, deter- 
mined to carry on the business, rebuilt the 

plant on a larger scale. Under one immense 
roof are now to be found a puddle mill, plate 
mill, nail factory, blacksmith department, 
etc. The various buildings of this plant 
cover a space of about four acres. The com- 
pany employs 400 men, skilled and experi- 
enced in the manufacture of iron and steel 
nails and tack plates. There are 103 nail 
machines in operation, and an immense 
warehouse, capable of storing 16,000 kegs of 

The Central Iron Works has long enjoyed 
a reputation for superior quality of iron and 
steel boiler plates. Both are used all over 
the country in the largest boiler shops, 
bridge building and locomotive works, and 
by consumers generally. Their plant is one 
of the largest and most complete in the 
United States. It consists of two three-higli 
plate mills, with all the necessary adjuncts, 
of the most modern construction, of large 
capacity (25,000 tons annually) and capable 
of rolling almost any sized plates required. 
They have also added a new universal mill, 
the largest and most complete of its kind, 
capable of making plates 42 inches wide 
and of any lengths and thickness required. 
Capacity, about 50,000 tons annually. Their 
business extends to all parts of the United 
States, from Maine to California. The mills 
cover several acres, the universal mill being 
200 feet wide by 400 feet long, the entire 
building being made of steel. The plant is 
equipped throughout with machinery of the 
latest modern construction, having its own 
electric light and power plant for lighting 
and running its large electric cranes. The 
mill is second to none, and has the reputa- 
tion of manufacturing the best of all kinds 
of iron and steel used in the construction of 
bridges, buildings, &c. 

The Universal Mill was built in the year 
1892, it being the largest and best equipped 
mill of its kind in the country. The Uni- 
versal Mill is engaged in the manufacture of 
all kinds of bridge construction iron and 
steel, which is shipped to all parts of the 
United States from Maine to San Francisco. 
Large shipments are made to the New Eng- 
land States, where the demand for the pro- 
duct of the mill is steadily increasing. This 
concern has just completed an immense con- 
tract for a firm in San Francisco, which will 
go down in the annals of commercial history 
as an example of progress in mechanical 
skill seldom, if ever, equalled. The Uni- 
versal Mill occupies a building 150 feet wide 



and 500 feet long, the roof of the same being 
entirely of iron. The capacity of the mill 
is 200 tons of finished steel per day. The 
plant is equipped throughout with machinery 
of the latest improved kind, capable of roll- 
ing out plates 100 feet long, 42 inches wide, 
in gauge from three-eighths of an inch to 
one inch in thickness. The Universal Mill 
has turned out 256 tons of finished steel iii 
twenty-four hours. This is wonderfully quick 
work, considering the immense weight. The 
plant has its own electric motors and dyna- 
mos, which furnish power for running large 
electric cranes and manufacturing electric 
light for themselves, the Central Iron Works 
and the Chesapeake Nail Works. The mill 
is also equipped with two immense cranes 
having a capacity of lifting twenty tons and 
carrying the same to any place in the mill — 
to the distance of 500 feet if necessary. Be- 
sides electric and hydraulic cranes used for 
lifting and unloading steel slabs, ingots, cars, 
etc., there are a number of overhead travel 
cranes with 36 and 65 feet spans. In this 
department are two large Todd reversing en- 
gines 30x60, also pumps used for hydraulic 
pressure, which can give 900 pounds pressure 
to the square inch. In the electrical depart- 
ment, besides test motors, there is a battery 
of ten boilers of 100-horse power each. The 
mill is second to none, and has the reputa- 
tion of manufacturing the best and all kinds 
of iron and steel used in the construction of 
bridges, etc. 

The Harrisburg Foundry and Machine 
Works was incorporated in 1891, previous to 
which time it was the Harrisburg Car Manu- 
facturing Company. The main building, 
the machine shop, pattern shop, yards, of- 
fices, etc., cover between three and four 
acres. The annual output of the concern 
is large, and the pay roll presents a formid- 
able array of figures. The number of the 
employed varies from three hundred to 
four hundred, all of whom are skilled me- 
chanics, drawing salaries that are in keeping 
with their skill. A large portion of the trade 
of the company is handled by New York, 
Philadelphia and Boston concerns. Among 
the many large contracts on hand may be 
mentioned one for two eight-hundred horse- 
power engines at Wilkes-Barre, Pa. They 
have just completed a large contract for the 
Soldiers' Orphans' Home at Scotland, Pa., and 
are also engaged upon a large contract for 
the Phi]a*delphia, Castle Rock & West Ches- 
ter Electric Railway. The company manu- 

factures the Weitmeyer Patent Furnace, 
which saves from 15 to 20 per cent, in fuel. 
This furnace is to be seen under hun- 
dreds of boilers. The scope of the work of 
this concern is so great that a detailed list of 
its many products would be too long for a 
single perusal, and a few will be mentioned. 
The company is prepared, with endless beau- 
tifully executed cuts and engravings, to sup- 
ply all information of whatsoever kind re- 
garding their goods and correspondence is 
solicited. A superb set of cuts, executed 
upon the finest calendered card paper will be 
sent upon application to consulting engineers, 
architects, electricians and purchasers. They 
are pleased to submit them as a suggestion 
of the most advanced work in the line of au- 
tomatic engines, simple and compound, and 
especially their happy adaptation to direct- 
connected electric generators. A large num- 
ber of the Harrisburg Ide and Ideal engines, 
direct-connected, are now in operation — a 
method that will probably prevail in the 
near future for all first-class installations. 
Owing to the large variety of sizes of Ide and 
Ideal, or side and center-crank engines, the 
Harrisburg Foundry and Machine Works is 
prepared to meet all requirements for elec- 
tric light and railway work, direct-connected 
or otherwise. In all the conventional • and 
essential characteristics of automatic regu- 
lation, stability, good workmanship and 
economy, these engines are not excelled. In 
addition to the positive and constant lubrica- 
tion of the Ideal engine, it enjoys the unique 
distinction of being the only self-oiling hori- 
zontal steam engine in the world — self-oiling 
without the parts being submerged in oil, 
without waste or throwing oil either upon 
the floor or belts, or if direct-connected, into 
the generator, and its ability to do uninter- 
mitted work, absolutely noiseless in opera- 
tion and economy in oil are all features not 
obtained in any other engine. In this respect 
the Ideal has no peer and recognizes no com- 
petitor. Over 1,500 Ide and Ideal engines 
are in use, aggregating over 200,000 horse- 
power! Catalogues will be furnished upon 
application for simple and compound engines, 
boilers, etc. The Harrisburg Foundry and 
Machine Works has an endless variety of 
beautifully })rinted, engraved and half-tone 
matter, all of which is to enlighten the trade. 
This concern has a printed list over twenty 
feet long, in nonpareil type and unleaded, 
which contains the names of the firms that 
have purchased Ide and Ideal engines, and 



includes the West Indies, Brazil, France, 
Sweden, Canada, British Columbia, Africa, 
etc. It is a splendid enterprise, and we 
are pleased to announce the fact to the 
commercial world. The company does steam 
engineering in all its branches and contracts 
for complete steam power plants, boilers, 
tanks, stacks, etc., and is the' sole manufac- 
turer of the Harrisburg Double Engine Steam 
Road Roller. Harrisburg may well be proud 
of such an industry. 

The oldest of the large industrial estab- 
lishments is that of the W. 0. Hickok Man- 
ufacturing Company. This company was 
established in the year 1848 by the late W. 
0. Hickok, and no other concern in Penn- 
sylvania has given such a unique representa- 
tion as this company, whose manufactures 
are shipped to all parts of the civilized world. 
The plant of this industry covers nearly two 
acres of ground, requiring over 40,000 square 
feet of floor space in order to meet all the re- 
quirements of their increasing trade. The 
company is engaged in the wholesale manu- 
facture of paper ruling machines, Jones' sig- 
nature presses, Hickok roller backers, Hickok 
knife grinding niachine, Hickok book saw- 
ing machine, Hickok gilding presses, Hickok 
standing presses, Hickok table shears, Hickok 
paging machine, Hickok numbering ma- 
chine, Hickok round cover cutter, Hickok 
rotary board cutter, etc., bookbinders' ma- 
chinery, full bindery outfits and so on until 
the list of the vastly useful and particularly 
well-made products of the compan)'- seems 
interminable. Durmg the past three years 
the company had a large .number of orders 
from the Old World. The trade in this coun- 
try embraces every town and city of promi- 
nence from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and 
from Maine to the Gulf. The machine de- 
partment building, foundry, offices, etc., pre- 
sent an impressive view of commercial sta- 
bility and progress and, as was noted before, 
cover one and a half acres of ground. The 
machine department, on North street, is 
50x150 feet in dimensions. The basement is 
half used for roughing out the lumber used, 
and half for the storage of iron pipe and bar 
irons ; the first floor as the machine depart- 
ment; second floor wood working depart- 
ment; third lloor painting, varnishing and 
storage. The first floor is used as a machine 
works, and the second is a store room, etc. 
The company employs over a hundred peo- 
ple, all experienced in their various depart- 
ments, who are engaged the year through. 

The capital stock of the company is $250,000- 
and the office is a scene of busy people trans- 
acting the business of a large and particu- 
larly successful company. W. 0. Hickok, 
the founder of the concern, and later its pres- 
ident after its incorporation, was for a long 
time an invalid, died in 1891, at quite an ad- 
vanced age, deeply mourned by the many 
who had become acquainted with liis sym- 
pathetic personality and his broad views of 
humanity. Before he passed away he made 
a stipulation in his will to the eff'ect that he 
wanted the W. 0. Hickok Manufacturing 
Company to maintain its present firm title 
so long as the business shall exist. In the 
machinery building all the works and ma- 
chines are operated by electric power, which 
gives better results than steam. The plant 
is also lighted throughout by means of elec- 

The Lalance and Grosjean Manufacturing 
Company erected the rolling mill depart- 
ment of their giant enterprise in Harrisburg, 
in 1892. With imposing ceremonies the 
establishment was opened in February, 1893. 
The Harrisburg plant covers over four acres 
of ground. The first structure erected was 
220 by 280 feet, but so grand -was the success 
of the undertaking that an annex 80 by 160 
feet was soon added, thus making the entire 
plant 288 by 380 feet. All work is now ex- 
ecuted under one roof, but in different de- 
partments and under a splendidly systematic 
method. A bar mill, sheet mill, tin mill 
and appointments, a 5,000 pound steam 
hammer, two run-out fires, four charcoal 
fires, immense pair of bar shears, three 
double shears, three large engines and a bat- 
tery of ten boilers of 125,000 horse power 
and which consumes 175 tons of coal per 
week, are a few of the expensive equipments 
of the plant. The concern gives employ- 
ment to over 225 hands, which, using the 
accepted average, makes 1,125 people who 
derive their subsistence from the products 
of the enterprise. Concerns of this character 
are of great moment to the local retail trade 
and are of paramount importance to the 
local property owners. The company man- 
ufactures tin plate and "black plate," which 
is shipped to their immense plant at Wood- 
haven, L. I., where they employ from 1,400 
to 1,800 people, and where tin plate and 
black steel iron sheets are converted into all 
kinds of cooking utensils, and which are 
sold all over the civilized world. The out- 
put of the company is tremendous and the 



names of Lalauce and Grosjean are syno- 
nyms of progress in every household where 
order and neatness reign. 

The Harrisburg Manufacturing Company 
was organized in 1889 and incorporated 
June 10, 1895, the capital stock being $100,- 
000. The manufacture of boilers for steam 
and hot water, heating and for power is the 
business of the concern, the specialties being 
star water tube, volcano water tube, star gas 
burner, horizontal tubular and vertical 
boilers. The company's boiler's are applied 
to all manner and styles of engines, and 
have man}'' points of vantage that can best 
be understood by perusing its catalogue, 
which gives in detail what must necessarily 
be omitted in a comparatively brief article. 
The Harrisburg Manufacturing and Boiler 
Company has acquired a plant equipped 
throughout with the most modern.. tools 
and appliances of such general perfection 
that they are unsurpassed either as to 
facilities or the character of their pro- 
duct. The companj^ is specially equipped 
for the manufacture of complete and perfect 
boilers of the styles mentioned before. The 
boilers of this company have been brought 
up to the very highest standard, both as to 
workmanship and efficiency, and the com- 
pany respectfully invites careful considera- 
tion of all claims in this direction. Know- 
ing that their efforts have been recognized 
and appreciated in the past, it is the aim of the 
company to maintain the highest standard, 
and to excel, if possible, the well-established 
character of their product, keeping, in all 
respects, alive to the spirit and requirements 
of the times. The trade of the company 
extends throughout the length and breadth 
of the land, and their boilers are in great 
favor with all who have used them — the 
rapidity with which they gather steam, their 
safety and their tremendous powers of re- 
sistance in the matter of pressure and their 
almost indestructible qualities have made 
them prime favorites in the manufactories of 
America. The quality of boiler iron used 
is tested by the latest recognized and ap- 
proved methods, and when in the shape of 
the finished product is as near perfection 
as human skill, ingenuity and money can 
bring it. The company employs sixty peo- 
ple in the conduct of their business, and oc- 
cupies a very large three-story brick struc- 
ture, which contains the office, foundry and 
general work rooms. The firm also makes 
a specialty of general repairs, and in this 

line probably do more than any similar con- 
cern in this entire section of the State. 

The Paxton and.Steelton Flouring Mill 
Company was incorporated in February, 
1891, for the manufacture of high grade 
flour, assuming control at once, through a 
leasei for a term of years, of the Paxton Flour 
Mills, of Harrisburg, and the Steelton Flour- 
ing Mills, of Steelton. The Paxton Mills, 
owned by the estate of James McCormick, 
dec'd, in' 1862 succeeded the Eagle Mills, 
and increased its daily capacity from fifteen 
barrels to one hundred barrels. In 1879 the 
old frame building was torn down, and the 
present large stone mill erected and fitted 
out for the burr process, with a daily capacity 
of 350 barrels, but in 1880 the mill was 
changed from the old burr process to the 
new roller process — being the first mill in 
Pennsylvania to adopt the roller process — 
with a daily capacity of 500 barrels ; since 
then the capacity has been gradually in- 
creased to meet the demands of its trade, 
until it is now 750 barrels. The leading 
brands of this mill are " Paxton " and 
" Hoffer's Best," which have been on the 
local markets since 1862 and 1880 respec- 
tively, and " Castilla," which has been on 
foreign markets since 1868. The entire 
plant at the Paxton Mills consists of engine 
and boiler house, 40x40, and mill proper, 
64x85, five stories high, warehouse, 64x85, 
one story high, all built of heavy limestone ; 
elevator, six stories high, built of stone and 
slated frame, with capacity of 80,000 bushels. 
Also a cooper plant, consisting of a stock 
house, 50x120, two stories high ; two barrel 
houses with a storage capacity of 15,000 
barrels ; a factory 30x120, fitted up with the 
most improved machinery, with a daily 
capacity of 1,500 barrels. The Steelton Mill 
was built in 1882, by The Steelton Flouring 
Mills Company, fitted up with a full roller 
process, with a daily capacity of 500 barrels, 
but has since been increased to 750 barrels. 
The leading brands of this mill for local 
trade are " Hercules," " Pearl," and " Stella," 
and for export, " Crystal," which have been 
on the market since 1883. The entire plant 
of the Steelton Mill consists of a brick engine 
and boiler house, 54x62, brick mill building, 
62x74, five stories high, one brick warehouse, 
50x78, three stories high, and one warehouse 
built of frame and corrugated iron, 34x120, 
one-story high, one slated-frame elevator, 
40x62, five stories high, and cooper building, 
now used for barrel storage, with a capacity 



for 10,000 barrels. In its various depart- 
ments this company employs 150 men. 

In 1885 the Boll Brothers Manufacturing 
Company established its enterprise, and a 
company incorporated in 1893. For eight 
years it had been known as the Harrisburg 
Woven Wire Mattress Compan3^ Its author- 
ized capital was $100,000. The company 
occupies a splendid five-story brick building 
with dimensions 40x180 feet;, which is 
equipped throughout with all the latest im- 
proved machinery for the special manufac- 
ture of their several grades of intricate and 
beautiful workmanship. There are some 
seventy people employed, and the represent- 
atives on the road cover the New England 
and Middle and Southern States. There are 
few thoroughly first-class, completely stocked 
furniture concerns in the country that do 
not handle the splendid goods of Boll Broth- 
ers Manufacturing Company. The goods 
sell themselves ; their beauty, solidity and 
intricate workmanship being silently elo- 
quent of the merits of the same. Losses by 
fire in no way impeded the progress of the 
company, whose able president, Mr. Charles 
Boll, seems fitted by nature to surmount 
difficulties that would discourage most men 
of his years — he is not yet thirty — and to 
gather strength from his misfortunes. The 
building and equipment are models in every 
particular, the system that has been evolved 
is perfection itself. The fifth floor of the 
factory is devoted to a feather purifying de- 
partment, which is unique and original, 
being one of the latest and improved pro- 
cesses. The model picking room, on the 
fourth floor, has a granolithic floor, and is 
lined with asbestos, thus avoiding any possi- 
bility of fire. Here the material is carefully 
sorted and picked. The latest irnproved 
machinery is employed, notably Boll's cotton 
curler, which gives the company the exclu- 
sive franchise to manufacture curled cotton 
mattresses. The first floor is devoted to the 
elegant offices and immense sample room, 
where a sample of every product of the com- 
pany is kept to show customers. The nian- 
agers are all practical men, educated in 
every detail of the business and all work 
and material are subjected t o their personal 
inspection and direction. Every brass and 
iron bedstead, spring mattress, etc., made by 
the company meets every requirement of the 
trade, which explains t he high appreciation 
in which dealers and the public hold their 

goods. The company manufactures only 
for the wholesale trade. 

Reference has already been made to the 
early development of the Lykens Valley 
coal regions, and in this connection it is im- 
portant to refer again to these celebrated 
mines in the upper end of Dauphin county. 
The Lykens Valley coal is mined by two 
coal companies, the Short Mountain of Wic- 
onisco, and the Summit Branch of Williams- 
town, both collieries now being controlled 
by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. 
The two collieries employ over 2,000 men 
and boys, who are paid on the third Satur- 
day of each month for all work done during 
the previous month. Thomas M. Williams 
is superintendent of both collieries. The 
following table shows the output for the 
present year, 1896, up to August 15, together 
with the amount shipped in 1895 to the 
same day, giving increase and decrease of 
.each colliery : 


Short Mountain, 
Last year, . . 

Increase, . . 

Williamstown, . 
Last year, 

Decrease, . 

Total amount. 
Last year, . . 

The Hummelstown Brownstone Company 
was established in 1867, and the quarries, lo- 
cated about three miles from that enterprising 
town, have been worked for thirty years past. 
For the last eighteen years, however, they 
have been more extensively operated, owing 
to the change of ownership and the business 
facilities and enterprise of the new manage- 
ment. The plant consists of a railroad of 
some three and a-half miles, with extensive 
sidings, four locomotives and a number of 
freight and passenger cars. There is a large 
stone saw mill of thirteen gangs, with a large 
stonecutter shop, thoroughly equipped with 
rub wheels and ten stone planers, together 
with all necessary appliances for doing first- 
class cut stone work. There are four quarry 
openings, with some thirty steam hoist der- 
ricks, and in prosperous times the number 
of men employed has amounted to about 
600. The capacity of the quarries is prac- 
tically unlimited, and in the summer season 
as many as forty cars of stone have been 
shipped in one day. Perchance no similar 

4,794 17 . . . 
4.497 08 , 

. 155,332 19 
. 116,321 09 

297 09 

4,925 11 . . . 
6,242 06 . . . 

. . . 39,011 10 

177,603 17 
214,212 09 

1,316 15 . . . 

9,720 08 . . . 
10,739 14 . . . 

36,608 12 

. . 332,936 16 
. . . 330,533 18 



quarries in the United States are so thoroughly 
equipped in every respect with machinery 
and proper appliances, and these quarries 
are recognized as amongst the largest in the 
United States. The building stone taken 
therefrom is of the most durable character, 
and the climate does not seem to have any 
effect upon it. It may be proper to state 
that Professor Pond, who made an analysis 
of the brownstone, says that in comparison 
it is placed among the best, as far as the 
chemical determination of the constituents 
is capable of indicating, while Professor 
Reber, in testing the stone for compression 
states, that the crushing strain averaged 
over seven hundred tons to the square foot, 
showing that the stone is of excellent quality 
for building purposes. It may be well said 
that the Brownstone Company has been one 
of the most successful in the State of Penn- 
sylvania, due to the fact of its high grade 
and excellence as building material. 

In the month of May, 1880, there was es- 
tablished at Middletown an industry which 
advanced with such marvelous strides that it 
has developed into the largest manufacturing 
pipe and tube works in the United States, if 
not in the world. The new plant started 
with about seventy-five men, which rapidly 
increased until with the supplemental plant 
at Youngstown, Ohio, two thousand persons 
are employed. The magnitude of the Ameri- 
can Tube and Iron Company, a,t Middle- 
town, must be seen to be properly estimated. 
The mills are equipped to make all dimen- 
sions of pipe. The sizes of pipe made in the 
butt mills run from 1-16 inch diameter to 
IJ inches diameter, whilst the sizes made in 
the lap mill range from IJ inches diameter 
to 20 inches diameter. A large galvanizing 
works filled with three immense baths is in 
constant operation galvanizing pipes. Three 
car loads of spelter are used per week for this 
purpose. This department is kept so busy 
that it was found absolutely necessary to en- 
large it, and it was only recently that changes 
were made which increased its output fifty 
per cent., thus giving employment to addi- 
tional workmen. As it is not proposed to 
bring within the scope of this notice' the 
methods of manufacturing pipe, no mention 
can be made of the many departments and 
buildings wherein pipes, tubes and fittings 
pass through the various stages of manufac- 
ture before being ready for market. It is the 
admirable equipment of these mills and their 
mechanical departments that has ever distin- 

guished the American Tube and Iron Com- 
pany from other pipe concerns, and enables 
it to undertake successfully special lines of 
work requiring the highest engineering 
knowledge and skill to develop and apply 
the same with the greatest accuracy of de- 
tail. This is one of the reasons why, during 
the dullest business seasons when all trade 
seems to flag, the mills are able to keep their 
large army of workmen fully employed ; a 
body of men keenly alive to the value of 
steady employment, and for whose welfare 
they have made ample assurance. 

For the character of work the American 
Tube & Iron Company could easily claim 
supremacy. Several years ago, by way of 
illustration, the mill was running day and 
night for about one hundred miles of eight- 
inch pipe to convey natural gas from the 
Indiana fields to Chicago. Six of the largest 
pipe concerns of the United States endeav- 
ored to meet the rigorous requirements of 
this company, but unsuccessfully. Every 
gas and oil field has the pipe manufactured 
by this company in use. Among its largest 
customers is the Standard Oil Company, for 
whom it has furnished hundreds of miles of 
pipe. The Sandwich Islands and other 
prominent countries have afforded promis- 
ing fields for the production of this great in- 
dustry. For the great success of these works 
much is due to the enterprise and energy of 
the Mathesons. 

Apart from this mammoth industry there 
are other enterprises at Middletown, which in 
prosperous times have added very much to 
the progress of that thriving town. It has 
always been an important manufacturing 
center, and contains within and around it all 
the elements to make it a great industrial 

For a period of nearly forty years the Mc- 
Cormick estate has had control and manage- 
ment of the Paxton furnaces, which in the 
flush times of the iron trade have been suc- 
cessfully carried on, and the production of 
iron profitable demonstrated. The capacity 
of these furnaces is about twelve hundred 
tons of pig iron per month. In connection 
with these furnaces there is a rolling mill 
which has been one of the most successful 
enterprises in this locality. The main build- 
ings cover an area of ground, 250 by 160 
feet, while the puddle mill has a large num- 
ber of double puddling fornaces and a ca- 
pacity of about 150 tons per week. 

The Jackson Manufacturing Company 

WM. H. EGLE, M. D. 



was established in 1880 with a paid up capi- 
tal of $50,000, but owing to the vast increase 
of business, in 1889 the stock was increased 
to $100,000. The company has a large and 
substantial building which extends a whole 
block, from New Fourth street to Fulton 
street along Boyd avenue. The plant 
throughout is equipped with all the latest ap- 
pliances and improved machinery, including 
heating furnaces, hydraulic presses, drills, etc. 
The reputation of the Jackson Manufactur- 
ing Company is not only confined to the 
United States, but extends throughout North 
and South America, and across the waters. 
They construct the highest grade, scientifi- 
cally, steel wheelbarrows for all purposes, 
used by mills, large industries, miners, rail- 
roads, public works, etc. At present twenty- 
five experienced hands are employed at these 
works. During the busy season this num- 
ber is doubled. A few years ago this com- 
pany received a medal and diploma from 
the Exposition University at Barcelona, 

To show how the varied manufacturing 
industries thrive and succeed at Harrisburg, 
we need only refer, in conclusion, to the 
manufacturing of shoes. The establishments 
of Forney Brothers & Company, Bay Shoe 
Company, and the Harrisburg Boot and 
Shoe Manufacturing Company, with two. 
others, incorporated, whose combined pro- 
ducts are valued at nearly a half million of 

dollars, go to show how successful these en- 
terprises have proven to be in the Capital 

Although the foregoing industrial estab- 
lishments are more prominent owing to their 
extensive works and the large sum of money 
invested therein, still there are other indus- 
trial concerns intimately connected with tlie 
prosperity of Harrisburg whose total value 
of stock and machinery with the other pro- 
ductiveness amounts in value to hundreds 
of thousands of dollars. Limited as we must 
necessarily be, only an epitome of the indus- 
tries of a large manufacturing city, like Har- 
risburg, can be given. Its unequalled ad- 
vantages, its facilities for transportation, in 
the midst of one of most productive regions 
in America, give to Harrisburg a supremacj' 
offered by no other city or town in the 
American Union. Capital has been invited, 
capital has located its establishments, and 
capital has received its rich reward. Closely 
allied to the various industries are the bank- 
ing institutions of the city. The variou;^ 
financial institutions have always been of 
conservative management. And the new 
Harrisburg, and newer Steel ton, with ten 
millions of dollars in their banks, show alike 
to. capitalists, manufacturers, and skilled 
labor that no better financial institutions 
and greater manufacturing enterprises exist 



— OF— 


Hills, Stephen, the architect of the State 
Capitol of Pennsylvania, was the fifth child 
of John and Sarah (Lewis) Hills, who were 
married in December, 1755, and had a family 
of seven sons and a daughter. Stephen, the 
fourth son, was born at Ashford, Kent county, 
England, August 10, 1771. According to the 
custom of the times, he was " bound out for 
seven years " and apprenticed to a local house- 
wright, living in his "master's" family until 
his twenty-first birthday. In 1794 he mar- 
ried Margaret Ashby, of Pluckley, a parish 
village about five miles from Ashford. He 
was the first of five brothers who came to 
America, arriving at Boston in either 1796 
or 1797. His brothers* Richard and William 
joined him in 1801, and subsequent to his 
departure for this city, about 1802, his broth- 
ers George and Joseph, and their widowed 
mother, came to the United States and settled 
in the capitol of New England. 

While a resident of Boston he was actively 
engaged in business and built several houses. 
The building erected for his own home in 
1799, in what was then the outskirts of the 
town, still stands in what is now a very thickly 
settled part of Boston. The city's geographi- 
cal center has passed it, and is now nearly a 
mile beyond its location. At how early a 
date he became a resident of Harrisburg is 
not known to his New England relatives, but 
it is believed that he built many of the houses 
of that city which were erected in the earlier 
part of the present century. His plans for 
the capitol of Pennsylvania were adopted, 
and he was the builder as well as the archi- 
tect of that edifice, the cornerstone of which 
was laid May 31, 1819. 

While on a visit to England his wife, Mar- 
garet Hills, died at Harrisburg, on Sunday, 
August 4, 1822, in the 51st year of her age, 
leaving four children. Sarah, who married 
November 26, 1821, Samuel White, and sub- 
sequently removed to Indianapolis, where she 
was living in 1845, and three sons, John, 
Stephen, and Thomas. Before returning to 
America Mr. Hills again married, and was 

for a short time once more a resident of Har- 
risburg. Aboub 1825 he went to England 
for the last time and remained there about 
eleven years, and in the winter of 1836-7 re- 
turned to the United States. He is described 
by those who knew him at this time as a 
man of large frame, weighing about two hun- 
dred and fifty pounds. In the spring of 1837 
he went to Jefferson city to build the capitol 
for the State of Missouri. The plans made 
for the Pennsylvania structure were accepted 
for this edifice, and so closely followed that 
the building was practically a duplicate of 
his earlier work. Immediately following 
the completion of the capitol, he commenced 
the erection of the university at Columbia, 
in that State, and finished his contract in the 
spring of 1843. He then retired from his 
profession and went to his farm in the west- 
ern part of Illinois (about twelve miles from 
St. Louis). Here he died, October 17, 1844, 
leaving a widow and her children, two daugh- 
ters and a son ; and a son, daughter,' and six 
grandchildren as descendants of himself and 
Margaret Ashby, his first wife. 

Stewart, Samuel, son of Samuel Stewart, 
born in the county Down, Ireland, was 
brought to Pennsylvania in the emigration 
of his father's family in 1735, and on com- 
ing of age settled as a farmer in Hanover 
township, Lancaster county, now West Han- 
■over, Dauphin county. Pa., about 1750. His 
warrant for one hundred acres of laud was 
dated May 17,1754, and in an "assessment 
for the King's use, 1759, Samuel Stuart " is 
taxed five shillings. This township, estab- 
lished in 1737 and named in honor of the 
reigning family of Great Britain, almost ex- 
clusively settled by Scotch-Irish Presbyte- 
rians, was on the then frontier and contigu- 
ous to theKittatinny mountains. From the 
date of his settlement therein, in 1754, until 
1764, on account of its proximity to the wil- 
derness, it was subject to Indian raids and 
depredations from which the inhabitants suf- 
fered fearfully in their persons and property. 



often being compelled to abandon their 
homes and fly for safety. This state of af- 
fairs continued until the massacre in Lan- 
caster of the Couestoga Indians, who were 
the aiders and abettors of these outrages. ' A 
public meeting of the citizens of Hanover 
township, June 4, 1774, has gone into his- 
tory, showing the earliest recorded movement 
toward independence, and, when the Revo- 
lutionary war began, the liberty-loving and 
patriotic Scotch-Irish of Hanover were found 
faithful and active participants. Samuel 
Stewart entered as a private, serving in Col. 
Timothy Green's battalion for the defense of 
the frontier, and, in June 6, 1776, in Oapt. 
James Rodgers' company of Lancaster county 
associators, "destined for the camp in the 
Jerseys." On the erection and organization 
of the county of Dauphin, in 1785, we find 
him upon the first grand jury, composed of 
prominent citizens. A Presbyterian by birth 
and a supporter of the old Hanover church, 
founded in 1735, and situated eleven miles 
east of Harrisburg, the records show that on 
" November 2, 1788, Samuel Stewart and 
Nanc3' Stewart, his wife, were admitted to the 
Lord's table." Samuel Stewart died Septem- 
ber 16, 1803, and was buried in Hanover 
church graveyard. He was a large man, 
weighing two hundred and thirty pounds, 
six feet in height, eyes blue and complexion 
fair. His surviving wife, Agnes Calhoun, 
and his son, Samuel Elder Stewart, were the 
executors named in his will. He married, 
first, Nancy Templeton, daughter of Robert 
and Agnes Templeton, of Hanover; died 
1788, and buried in old Hanover church 
graveyard. Samuel Stewart married, sec- 
ondlv, in 1789, Agnes (Nancy) Calhoun, born 
1763"; died August 29, 1823 ; buried in the 
cemetery at Graysville, Huntingdon county. 
Pa.; daughter of William and Hannah Cal- 
houn, of Paxtang township, Dauphin county, 
Pa. On the death of her husband in 1803, 
she purchased a farm in West Hanover town- 
ship, Dauphin county. Pa., adjoining the 
farm of Robert Stewart, ten miles east of Har- 
risburg, on the Jonestown road, where she 
remained until the spring of 1813, when she 
removed to Spruce Creek, Centre county. Pa. 

Hill, Samuel, son of Arundel and Char- 
lotte Hill, was born in 1765 in England. 
His ancestors belonged to one of the repre- 
sentative families of that country. He re- 
ceived a good English and classical educa- 
tion, and learned the trade of clock and 

watchmaker in London. He came to Penn- 
sylvania about 1785, and shortly afterwards 
established himself in business at Harris- 
burg, Pa. He was a skilled and ingenious 
workman. He was quite prominent in the 
early affairs of the new town, and was among 
the first to jump into the water to tear down 
the obnoxious mill-dam in the Paxtang 
creek, in 1795. He was a volunteer in 
Captain Reitzell's company on the expedi- 
tion westward in 1794; and twice visited 
England on matters connected with his 
father's estate, then considered quite an 
undertaking ; and what particularly dis- 
tinguished his last visit was his reception 
by his fellow-citizens of Harrisburg on his 
return, which was an ovation showing what 
a strong hold he had upon his friends in 
America. He died very suddenly, while 
sitting in his chair on Monday evening, 
November 6, 1809, aged 44 years, and the 
Oracle of Dauphin speaks of his loss to the 
community as " irreparable." Mr. Hill mar- 
ried at Harrisburg, February 3, 1790, Nancy 
Beatty, daughter of James Beatty and his 
wife Alice Ann Irwin. She was born May 
2, 1771, at Bally Red-Ednagouud, county 
Down, Ireland, and died May 7, 1839, at 
Steubenville, 0. 

* WoERALL, James, is a native of Limerick, 
Ireland, the son of John Worrall,of that city, 
merchant, who failed in business in conse- 
quence of some decree of the first Napoleon. 
He had cargoes of provisions on the ocean, 
and when the continental ports were closed 
against them they had to be sacrificed or rot 
in the ships, a fate which bankrupted their 
owner. He then emigrated to this country, 
and being a man of education he began 
teaching, in which occupation he successfully 
continued until his death, at Philadelphia, 
in 1845. He left a large family, of whom 
James was the eldest. The latter entered 
the establishment of Carey, Lea & Co., book- 
sellers, where he remained several years, 
when he secured a position on an engineer 
corps under Judge F. W. Rawle. The first 
rod Mr. Worrall ever held was on a railroad 
in Northumberland county in 1881, and 
strange to say, the road was only commenced 
to be built in 1882, more than half a century 
later than its preliminary survey. He con- 
tinued with Judge Rawle into 1832. In 
1833, under Judge Benjamin Wright, one of 
the engineers of the Erie canal, he assisted 
in making the surveys and maps of the great 



St. Lawrence canal, between Prescott and 
Cornwall. He then joined the engineer 
corps on the Chesapeake and Ohio canal, 
where he remained two years. In the fall 
of 1835 he helped Colonel Schlatter on a 
survey across New Jersey for a railroad from 
Trenton to New Brunswick, which, through 
the opposition of the Camden and Amboy 
railroad, was never built. Mr. Worrall then 
took service on the James river and Kanawha 
canal, under Judge Wright, consulting engi- 
neer, and Charles EUet, Jr., constructing 
engineer. He was subsequently called back 
to Pennsylvania by Hother Hage to make a 
survey over the Alleghany mountains on a 
line from the Cumberland Valley to Pitts- 
burgh. He was given the division from 
Bedford across the mountains as far as the 
Laurel Hill, a reconnoissance from thence to 
Greensburg, and again a survey from the 
latter point to the Youghiougheny at the 
mouth of the Sewickly. This was in 1838, 
and here Mr. Worrall first showed his skill 
and judgment, but the fact of their existence 
was not to be discovered until some forty- 
five years afterwards, when the highest en- 
gineering ability of the year 1882 was called 
upon for an opinion on the location then 
made; they unanimously pronounced it the 
true location for the road, the South Penn- 
sylvania, and adopted it without hesitation. 
There was some difficult engineering sug- 
gested by Colonel Worrall east of Bedford 
upon which the syndicate of engineers was 
called upon to pronounce, which also they 
unanimously approved. It is questionable 
whether it would not have been hard to find, 
in the early history of engineering, an engi- 
neer, who, locating a road upon a single ex- 
amination, so marked it as that the improved 
science of forty years later adopted it as the 
best without hesitation. He was afterwards 
engaged with Milnor Roberts as principal 
assistant engineer in the Erie extension of 
the Pennsylvania canal ; in 1844 he became 
interested with others in canal and railroad 
contracts in the United States and Canada. 
In 1850 he was chief engineer of the Union 
canal, where he continued until the comple- 
tion of its enlargement, when he became 
principal engineer on the western division 
of the Philadelphia and Erie railroad. Upon 
the completion of this work he returned to 
Harrisburg. After the year 1861 he acted 
as clerk in the quartermaster's department 
during the war. At the close of the Rebellion 
he was agaiia engineering across the State for 

projected routes to the West ; afterwards on a 
canal survey in Illinois, returning to Penn- 
sylvania in 1869, since which period he has 
been prominently identified with the fishery 
commission of the State, and to him much 
that has been accomplished in that direction 
is due. 

Graydon, Mrs. Rachel (Marks), was a 
native of the Island of Barbadoes, and the 
eldest of four daughters. Her father, Mr. 
Marks— engaged in the West India trade- 
was of German birth ; her mother a native of 
Glasgow, Scotland . At the age of seven years 
her parents removed to Philadelphia, where 
Rachel was educated. She formed the ac- 
quaintance and married, about 1750, Alex- 
ander Graydon, a native of Longford, Ire- 
land, doing business at that time in the old 
town of Bristol, Bucks county, Pa. At this 
period the celebrated Dr. Baird wrote of her 
that she was " the finest girl in Philladelphia, 
having the manners of a lady bred at court." 
At the opening of the war of the Revolu- 
tion her oldest sons enlisted in the patriot 
army — one of whom, Alexander, has re- 
corded in the " Memoirs of a Life Passed in 
Pennsylvania" much concerning the ma- 
ternal aff'ection, the fortitude and patriotic 
spirit of an American matron. Taken pris- 
oner at the capture of Fort Washington, the 
devoted mother, accomplished, by personal 
appeals, the parole of Captain Graydon. 

During the major part of the Revolution, 
Mrs. Graydon resided at Reading, and while 
there her house was " the seat of hospitality, 
and the resort of numerous guests of dis- 
tinction, including officers of the British 
army who were there stationed as prisoners 
of war." The Baron de Kalb was often 
there; and between her own and General 
Mifflin's family there was a strong intimacy 
existing. When the county of Dauphin was 
organized, the appointment of her son, 
Alexander, as prothonotary, occasioned her 
removal to Harrisburg. She was a lady 
much devoted to her family, and yet, in the 
early days of this city, she was prominent in 
deeds of love and charity. She died at Har- 
risburg at the residence of her son on the 
23d of January, 1807, aged 73 years, and is 
interred in the Harrisburg cemetery. 

Brown, William, of Paxtang, thus desig- 
nated in the act for the erection of the 
county of Dauphin to distinguish him from 
Capt. William Brown, of Hanover, a cousin. 



Of the ancestr}' of this prominent man and 
citizen we have the following : John Brown, 
"the pious carrier" of Muirkirk parish, Ayr- 
shire, Scotland, was captured by Graham, 
of Claverhouse, and his troops the first of 
May, 1685, and ordered to take the oath of 
conformity, which he refused to do. Claver- 
house bid him go t«-4iis prayers, because he 
had but a few minutes to live. He did pray 
with such power that when Claverhouse 
ordered his men to fire upon him they re- 
fused, and with a pistol and an oath he blew 
his brains out, and then turned to the widow 
and said, "What thinkest thou of thy hus- 
band now?" She answered, "I ever thought 
meikle of him, but never so meikle as I do 
this day." He said, " It were but justice to lay 
thee beside him." She answered, "If you 
were permitted, I doubt not but your cruelty 
would go that length ; but how will you 
answer for this morning's work?" "To man 
I can be answerable, and as for God I will 
take him into my own hand," he replied 
and rode away. She laid down her child, 
tied up her husband's head with her apron, 
stretched out his limbs, covered him with 
her plaid, and sat down and wept long and 
bitterly. Without means, without a friend 
to help, and liable to be persecuted, she was 
at her wit's end. But God cared for her and 
removed her to Ireland, where she found 
friends, and where she married again. From 
this second marriage sprung the Weir family 
of our county. John Brown's sons were 
James and John, both of whom came to 
America about 1720, the former settling on 
the Swatara, the latter in Paxtang. A son 
of John, born 30th of June, 1720, was Will- 
iam Brown, of Paxtang. He was a promi- 
nent actor in Provincial and Revolutionary 
times, a representative man on the frontier, 
and as might be supposed a zealous Cove- 
nanter. At his own expense he visited Ire- 
land and Scotland on behalf of his religious 
brethren to procure a supply of ministers, 
and brought over the celebrated divines 
Lind and Dobbins. He was a member of 
the Pennsylvania Assembly in 1776, and 
during its sessions proposed the gradual 
emancipation of slaves within the Common- 
wealth, a measure not very favorably re- 
ceived at the time, but which four years 
afterwards was enacted into a law. He 
served again in the Assembly in 1784, and 
was a member of the Board of Property De- 
cember 5, 1785. He was afterwards, Octo- 
ber 2, 1786, appointed one of the commis- 

sioners to superintend the drawing of the 
donation land lottery. Mr. Brown died on 
the 10th of October, 1787, and is buried in 
Paxtang church graveyard. He was not 
only an active, earnest and public-spirited 
Christian, of unquestioned piety of heart, 
but as a neighbor and citizen generous and 
kind-hearted, which insured respect and won 
friendship. He had no children, but to his 
paternal and loving care are we indebted 
for the education of his distinguished 
nephew. Rev. Matthew Brown, LL. D., presi- 
dent of Washington and Jefferson College. 
These were the men who a century ago 
fulfilled the trust confided to them. They 
were all Scotch-Irish Presbyterians — all save 
one born in the Paxtang of old — and all 
save one rest beneath the hallowed God's 
acre which lies within the shadow of that 
historic landmark, Paxtang church. The 
founder and his friends (for they were his 
warm personal friends) lie within the same 
enclosure. They were but human, it is true, 
3'-et they were men who never shrunk from 
the fulfillment of duty, and we of to-day in 
calling up their names and honoring their 
memories will do well to follow their ex- 

Bertram, William, was born February 
2, 1674, in the city of Edinburg, Scotland. 
He received his education in the university 
of his native place, studied for the ministry, 
and was licensed by the Presbytery of Ban- 
gor, Ireland, who gave him "ample testi- 
monials of his ordination, ministerial quali- 
fications, and regular Christian conversa- 
tion." He married, about 1706, Jane Gilles- 
pie, the widow of Angus McClain, and their 
children were, John, first, second and third, 
who died in infancy ; Phebe, died at age of 
seventeen, and Elizabeth, married James 
Galbraith. During one of those periodical 
political excitements in the British Isles, the 
son disappeared, and his parents, under the 
impression he had come to America, deter- 
mined, if possible, to ascertain his where- 
abouts, and came to Pennsylvania about the 
year 1730. Failing in their search, they de- 
cided to remain in this country, and the fol- 
lowing year we find the Rev. Mr. Bertram 
unanimously received by Donegal Presby- 
tery, which he joined. At the same time 
George Renick presented him an invitation 
to settle at Paxtang and Derry, which he 
accepted. He was installed November 17, 
1732, at the meeting-house on Swatara. The 



congregations then appointed representa- 
tives, who executed to Bertram the right and 
title to the "Indian town tract," situated in 
Hanover township, on the north side of the 
Swatara, containing three hundred and fifty 
acres. On the settlement of Eev. Bertram 
the congregation in Swatara took the name 
of Derry, and the upper congregation, on 
Spring creek, was styled Paxtang. In 1735, 
Mr. Bertram complained »f the "intolerable 
burden " he was under with the two congre- 
gations, and September 13, 1736, he was re- 
leased from the care of Paxtang. The Rev. 
William Bertram died on the 2d of May, 
1746, aged seventy-two, and his remains are 
interred in Derry church graveyard, his wife 
dying prior thert-to. He was a faithful min- 
ister of tlie gospel. It may be stated that, 
through his marriage with Miss Gillespie, 
his descendants became heirs to a handsome 
estate in Edinburg. Efforts were made to 
secure this, but the difficulties inherent upon 
proving descent, we presume, have been the 
means of keeping the rightful parties from 
enjoying this patrimony. 

Murray, John, son of John Murray, was 
born about 1691, in Scotland ; emigrated to 
the Province of Pennsylvania in 1732 in 
company with his brother and other friends. 
On the 10th of January, 1737, he obtained a 
land warrant from the proprietaries of Penn- 
, sylvania,and on the "14th of ye 9th month," 
1739, had the same located upon two hun- 
dred acres and twelve perches of land adjoin- 
ing the northwest side of "Swahatawro" 
(Swatara) creek, then in Hanover township, 
Lancaster county. Pa. Adam Read, an early 
settler and prominent in frontier times, held 
an adjoining tract on the north by improve- 
ment. On the 1st of March, 1744, John 
Murray obtained another warrant, which 
was located, about a year afterwards, east of 
the other tract, and between it and land of 
James Stewart. This latter tract is now 
within the limits of Lebanon county, the 
former, the homestead, being within the 
present bounds of Dauphin county, a short 
distance from Dixon's Ford on the Swatara. 
The date of death or name of John Murray's 
wife we have been unable to gather. 

list of Hanover township, Lancaster county. 
He settled with his family on Manada creek, 
near the Gap. During the Indian war, 1755- 
1763, there was a fort on his farm for defense 
against the Indians and the safety of the 
settlers. His sons were already grown men, 
for in 1755 Governor Morris addressed a 
letter to Samuel Robinson, sending with it 
one hundred pounds of gunpowder to be 
used by the inhabitants of Hanover in " de- 
fense of themselves and their country." Be- 
side their farm, the Robinsons were millers, 
owning a mill on the Manada at the Gap, and 
furnishing supplies to the Government dur- 
ing that war. Philip Robinson died in May, 
1770; his wife's name is unknown, and her 
death preceded her husband's. 

Read, Capt. Adam, was a native of the 
Province of Ulster, Ireland, where he was 
born in 1703. He located in Hanover on 
the Swatara about 1725, and secured the 
possession of large tracts of land. He was a 
gentleman of education and became quite 
prominent in Provincial days. He was for 
many years one of His Majesty's justices, and 
during the French and Indian wars held the 
commission of captain, doing gallant service 
on the frontiers. Considerable of his corres- 
pondence is found among the archives of the 
State, mostly relating to Indian forays and 
earnest appeals for protection. Captain Read 
was an elder in Hanover church, and in the 
old grave^'ard on Bow creek rest his remains. 
He died Februarv 2, 1769; and his wife 
Mary, born in 1712, on the 11th of June, 1783. 
Their two daughters married respectively — 
Mary, John Harris, the founder of Harris- 
burg, and Eleanor, Robert Whitehill, of 
Cumberland county. 

Robinson, Philip, son of Thomas Robin- 
son, was born about the year 1698, in the 
north of Ireland, came to the Province of 
Pennsylvania with his father's family, prior 
to 1730. His name appears on the first tax 

Elder, John, son of Robert Elder, who 
came from Lough Neagh, county Antrim, 
Ireland, to Pennsylvania in 1730, was born 
January 26, 1706, in the city of Edinburg, 
Scotland; died July 17, 1792, in Paxtang 
township, Dauphin county. Pa. He received 
a classical education. and graduated from the 
University at Edinburgh. He subsequently 
studied divinity, and in 1732 was licensed 
to preach the gospel. Four or five years 
later, the son followed the footsteps of his 
parents and friends, and came to America. 
Coming as a regularly licensed minister, he 
was received by New Castle Presbytery, hav- 
ing brought credentials to that body, after- 
wards to Donegal Presbytery, on the 5th of 



October, 1737. Paxtang congregation having 
separated from tliat of Derry in 1735, and 
Rev. Mr. Bertram adhering to the latter, left 
that of Paxtang vacant, and they were 
unanimous in giving Rev. John Elder a call. 
This he accepted on the 12th day of April, 
1738, and on the 22d of November following 
he was ordained and installed, the Rev. 
Samuel Black presiding. The early years of 
Mr. Elder's ministry were not those of ease ; 
for in the second year the Whitfield excite- 
ment took a wide spread over the Presby- 
terian Church. He preached against this re- 
ligious furore, or the "great revival," as it 
was termed, and for this he was accused to 
the Presbytery of propagating "false doc- 
trine." That body cleared him, however,, in 
December, 1740; "but a separation was 
made," says Webster, "and the conjunct 
Presbyters answered the supplications sent 
to them the next summer by sending Camp- 
bell and Rowland to those who forsook him. 
He signed the protest. His support being 
reduced, he took charge of the' 'Old Side' 
portion of the Derry congregation." Follow- 
ing closely upon these ecclesiastical troubles 
came the French and Indian war. Associa- 
tions were formed thrpughout the Province 
of Pennsylvania for the defense of the fron- 
tiers, and the congregations of Mr. Elder, were 
prompt to embody themselves. Their min- 
ister became their leader — their captain — 
and they were trained as scouts. He super- 
intended the discipline of his men, and his 
mounted rangers became widely known as 
the " Paxtang Boys." During two summers, 
at least, every man who attended Paxtang 
church carried his rifle with him, and their 
minister took his. Subsequently, he was ad- 
vanced to the dignity of colonel by the Pro- 
vincial authorities, the date of his commis- 
sion being July 11, 1763. He had command 
of the block-houses and stockades from 
Easton to the Susquehanna. The governor, 
in tendering this appointment, expressly 
stated that nothing more would be expected 
of him than the general oversight. "His 
justification," says Webster, "lies in the 
crisis of affairs . . . Bay at York, Steele at 
Couecocheague, and Griffith at New Castle, 
with Burton and Thompson, the church 
missionaries at Carlisle headed companies, 
and were actively engaged." During the 
latter part of the summer of 1763, many 
murders were committed in Paxtang, cul- 
minating in the destruction of the Indians 
on Conestogg, Manor and at Lancaster. Al- 

though the men composing the company of 
Paxtang men who exterminated the murder- 
ous savages referred to belonged to his 
obedient and faithful rangers, it has never 
been proven that the Rev. Mr. Elder had 
previous knowledge of the. plot formed, al- 
though the Quaker pa,mphieteers of the day 
charged him with aiding and abetting the 
^destruction of the Indians. When the deed 
was done, and the Quaker authorities were 
determined to proceed to extreme lengths 
with the participants, and denounced the 
frontiersmen as " riotous and murderous Irish 
Presbyterians," he took sides with the border 
inhabitants, and sought to condone the deed. 
His letters published in connection with the 
history of that transaction prove him to have 
been a man judicious, firm and decided. 
During the controversy which ensued, he 
was the author of one' of the pamphlets : 
"Letter from a Gentleman in one of the 
Back Counties to a Friend ,in Philadelphia." 
He was relieved from his command, by the 
governor of the Province, who directed that 
Major Asher Clayton take charge of the mil- 
itary establishment. Peace, however, was 
restored — not only in civil affairs, but in the 
church. The union of the Synods brought 
the Rev. John Elder into the same Presbytery 
with Messrs. John Roan, Robert Smith and 
George Duffield, they being at first in a mi- 
nority, but rapidly settling the vacancies with 
New Side men. By the leave of Synod, the 
Rev. Mr. Elder joined the Second Philadel- 
phia Presbytery May 19, 1768, and on the 
formation of the General Assembly, became a 
member of Carlisle Presbytery. At the time 
the British army overran New Jersey, driv- 
ing before them the fragrants of our discour- 
aged, naked, and half-starved troops, and 
without any previous arrangement, the Rev. 
Mr. Elder went on Sunday as usual to Pax- 
tang church. The hour arrived for church- 
service, when, instead of a sermon, he began 
a short and hasty prayer to the Throne of 
Grace;! then called upon the patriotism of 
all effective men present, and exhorted them 
to aid in support of liberty's cause and the 
defense of the country. In less than thirty 
minutes ,a company of volunteers was formed. 
Col. Robert Elder, the parson's eldest son, 
was chosen captain. They, marched next 
day, though in winter. His son John, at 
sixteen years, was among the first. His son 
Joshua, sub-lieutenant of Lancaster county, 
could not quit the service he was employed 
in, but sent a substitute. Until his death, 



for a period of fifty-six years, he continued 
the faithful minister of the congregations 
over which he had been placed in the prime 
of his youthful vigor, passing the age not 
generally allotted to man— that of fourscore 
and six years. His death was deeply lamented 
far and wide. Not one of all those who had 
welcomed him to his early field of labor sur- 
vived him. Charles Miner, the historian of 
Wyoming, gives this opinion of Rev. John 
Elder : " I am greatly struck with the evi- 
dences of learning, talent and spirit displayed 
by him. He was, beyond doubt, the most 
extraordinary man of Eastern Pennsylvania. 
I hope some one may draw up a full memoir 
of his life, and a narrative, well digested, of 
his times . . . He was a very extraordinary 
man, of most extensive influence, full of 
activity and enterprise, learned, pious, and a 
ready writer. I take him to have been of 
the old Cameronian blood. Had his lot been 
cast in New England he would have been a 
leader of the Puritans." He had, with one 
who well remembered the old minister, " a 
good and very handsome face. His features 
were regular — no one prominent — good com- 
plexion, with blue eyes . . . He was a portly, 
long, straight man, over six feet in height, 
large frame and body, with rather heavy legs 
... He did not talk broad Scotch, but spoke 
much as we do now, yet grammatically." 
His remains quietly repose amid the scenes 
of his earthly labors, in the burying-ground 
of old Paxtang church, by the side of those 
who loved and revered him. Over his dust 
a marble slab bears the inscription dictated 
by his friend and neighbor, William Maclay, 
first United States senator from Pennsyl- 
vania. The Rev. Mr. Elder was twice mar- 
ried; married, first, in 1740, Mary Baker, 
born 1715, in county Antrim, Ireland ; died 
June 12, 1749, in Paxtang; daughter o.f 
Joshua Baker, of Lancaster, Pa. He married, 
secondly, Mary Simpson, born 1732, in Pax- 
tang; died October 3, 1786; daughter of 
Thomas and Sarah Simpson. 

MuLLEK, John George, sou of Rudolph 
Muller (more frequently written Miller), was 
born September 21, 1715, in the Canton of 
Zurich, Switzerland; emigrated with his 
family to America in 1752, and settled in 
Lebanon township, Lancaster county. Prov- 
ince of Pennsylvania. He took the oath of 
allegiance October 23, 1752. He had been 
an officer in the Swiss service, and when the 
French and Indian war broke out he was 

commissioned a lieutenant in Col. James 
Burd's regiment of Provincial forces. May 8, 
1760 (see Fenn'a Arch., Sd ser.,vol. ii., p. 605), 
promoted to a captaincy on the northern 
frontiers, October 2, 1764 {ib. p. 616). Cap- 
tain Muller died April 19, 1765, in Lebanon 
township, leaving a wife Barbara Gloninger, 
who survived her husband several years, 
dying in 1783. 

Stewart, Hugh, son of Robert Stewart, 
was born near Glasgow, Scotland, June 11, 
1719 ; died October 8., 1798 ; buried in the 
graveyard of the old Covenanter church, 
three miles east of Harrisburg, Pa., of which 
church he was the main supporter. At the 
age of sixteen years he accompanied his 
elder brother, Samuel, and family, in their 
migration to the Province of Pennsylvania 
in 1735. He landed with a capital in coin 
equivalent to one dollar and twenty-five 
cents, and having learned the trade of weav- 
ing followed it for many years ; settled 
finally in Paxtang township, about six miles 
from Harris' Ferry, where he acquired a 
large estate, for the times. His name first 
appears on the tax list of 1750. In 1780 he 
was assessed for four hundred and five acres. 
He was considered a very handsome man, 
of more than ordinary height, and retained 
through life his Scotch accent. Hugh Stew- 
art was twice married ; married, first, in 
1750-1, Hannah Dallas, born 1727, in Ire- 
land ; died 1760, and buried with her hus- 
band. He married, secondly,in 1764, Nancy 
Moore, born 1735 ; died March 22, 1790. 

Ayres, William, son of Samuel Ayres 
and his wife Margaret Richmond, who came 
to I^hiladelphia with his family in 1745, was 
born in 1720 in the county of Antrim, Ire- 
land, came to the Province of Pennsylvania 
previous to 1745, in advance of his father's 
family, and settled in the country contiguous 
to the Pennepack, then Philadelphia county. 
Pa. In the year 1773 William Ayres with 
all his family, excepting Samuel and Charles, 
who remained in the old locality, moved to 
the west, then in Paxtang township, Lancas- 
ter county, now Middle Paxtang, Dauphin 
county. Pa., and purchased land on the east 
side of Peter's mountain, where the turnpike 
crosses, three miles above Dauphin. The 
common road terminated at that point, and 
when supervisor of roads, in 1781, he con- 
structed the first road across the mountain. 
In the map of purchase from the Indians, 



only twenty-four years previously (1749), the 
country west of the mountain is entitled 
" Saint Anthony's wilderness." He was sev- 
eral times elected to township offices. Al- 
though nearly sixty years old, we find him 
doing Revolutionary service in Capt. Richard 
Manning's company of the Fourth battalion 
of Lancaster county, Col. James Burd, March 
13, 1776. In the winter of 1784-5 he was acci- 
dentally drowned in Fishing creek, near old 
Fort Hunter, his wife having died previ- 
ously, and both were buried in the old grave- 
yard above Dauphiit, where sleep all the 
oldest residents of that section of the county. 
William Ayres married Mary Kean, daugh- 
ter of Charles Kean, of the same locality. 

Haldeman, Jacob M. — Honeste Gaspard 
Haldimand (Caspar Haldeman), of Thun, 
Switzerland, became a citizen of Yverdun, 
Canton de Vaud, in 1671. His grandson, 
Jacob, born October 7, 1722, in the Canton of 
Neufchate],died December 31,1784,in Rapho 
township, Lancaster county. Pa., where he 
settled on first coming to this country, and 
purchased a considerable tract of land. He 
was a member of the Committee of Safety 
for his adopted shire on the breaking out of 
the war of the Revolution. 

Jacob Haldeman's near relative was the 
noted British general, Sir Frederick Haldi- 
mand, K. B., who served with distinction in 
the armies of Sardinia and Prussia, entered 
the military service of King George II. in 
1754, was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 
Sixtieth regiment. Royal Americans, 1756. 
In 1776 he was commissioned a general in 
America, and subsequently commander-in- 
chief of His Majesty's forces as governor of 
the Province of Quebec, where he received 
the honor of knighthood. May 19, 1778. A 
tablet has been erected to the memory of 
General Haldimand in Westminster Abbey, 
in the chapel of Henry VII. A niece of Sir 
Frederick was Jane Haldimand, Mrs. Dr. 
Alexander Marcet, a distinguished woman, 
and the first writer to attempt to popularize 
science by the publication of her " Conversa- 
tion on Chemistry, Natural Philosophy, Bot- 
any, Mineralogy, Language, and Political 
Economy." Of this last work Macaulay said, 
" Every girl who has read Mrs. Marcet's little 
dialogues on political economy could teach 
Montague or Walpole' ,many_, lessons in 
finance," and Faraday gleaned his first 
knowledge of science from the book which 
heads the list. 

Jacob Haldeman's son John (1753-1832) 
settled at Locust Grove, Lancaster county. 
Pa. John's fourth son, Henry Haldeman, 
was the father of the distinguished Samuel 
Stehman Haldeman, LL. D., professor of 
comparative philology in the University of 

John Haldeman was an enterprising and 
influential citizen. He was a large land- 
owner and engaged largely in business pur- 
suits, in partnership with Robert Ralston, of 
Philadelphia, in the China trade, and he was 
a member of the Bingham Court and first 
General Assembly of Pennsylvania. He re- 
sided at Locust Grove until late in life, when 
he removed to Columbia, in the same county, 
where both himself and wife died. 

Jacob M. Haldeman, second son of John 
and Mary (Breneman) Haldeman, obtained 
a good English and German education un- 
der the private instruction of an English 
officer, and seemingly inherited practical 
ideas from his father. At the age of nine- 
teen he was sent on horseback by his father 
to Pittsburgh, making his journey through 
many Indian settlements, to purchase flour 
to send down the river in flat-boats to New 

About 1806, assisted by his father, he pur- 
chased the water'power and forge at the 
mouth of Yellow Breeches creek and estab- 
lished himself in the iron business. He 
added a rolling and slitting mill, and by his 
energy and industry soon became one of the 
foremost iron manufacturers in the State. 
His .superior iron found steady market, and 
upon the establishment of the arsenal at 
Harper's Ferry he supplied the Government 
with iron, especially during the war of 
1812-14, which he forwarded across the South 
mountain on muleback to the Ferry, where 
it was manufactured into guns, many of 
which may be seen to-day, stamped 1812. 
At that time he founded Haldemanstown, 
now called New Cumberland, at the junction 
of the creek and river, and it may be here 
remarked that it had been one of the points 
in question in the Congress at New York as 
the proposed site of the national capital, and 
he also built a saw mill and gristmill at the 
same place. 

Following the war of 1812, during the de- 
pression, he invested largely in farms and 
real estate, and engaged in the management 
of the same, a business so varied and so 
large as to require his constant attention, 
and he managed it all without the aid of an 



assistant or clerk. In 1830 he removed to 
Harrisburg and purchased a residence built 
by Stephen A. Hills, architect of the capitol 
building, on Front street, on the bank of 
the Susquehanna, where he continued to re- 
side until his death. His connection with 
the Harrisburg Bank and the Harrisburg 
Bridge Company as president, with the Har- 
risburg Car Company as one of its founders, 
and a director with the Dauphin Deposit 
Bank, as one of its founders, made his 
name familiar in business and financial 
circles during his residence here, and made 
him known to the community as a man of 
sterling integrity, discretion and superior 
business ability. He was never solicitous 
of public place or the emoluments of office, 
and led a strictly business life. As a citi- 
zen, he was independent in his political 
views, was an attendant of the Presbyterian 
Church, and a contributor to all worthy local 

His wife, Eliza E., daughter of Samuel 
Jacobs and Sarah Templin, and grand- 
daughter of Richard Jacobs, of Wales, was 
born June 13, 1789, at Mount Hope Fur- 
nace, Lancaster county. Pa. Mrs. Haldeman 
is a member of the Presbyterian Church. 
Their children are Sara Jacobs, widow of 
the late William W. Haly, of Cork, Ireland, 
a distinguished lawyer of Philadelphia, and 
author of " Troubat & Haly's Practice," re- 
sided at the homestead in Harrisburg. Mary 
Ewing was the wife of Kobert J. Ross, a 
banker of Hari-isburg, and died in 1873. 
Caroline Jacobs, Elizabeth Templin and 
Anne died young. John, born September 
19, 1821, died in Denver, Col., July 18, 1865. 
Jacob S., born October 13, 1823, for many 
years president of the State Agricultural So- 
ciety, ex-member of the State Legislature, 
and ex-Minister to Sweden, resided in Har- 
risburg. Susan Frances, wife of Dr. Morti- 
mer O'Connor, a graduate of the Dublin 
schools of medicine, and formerly a surgeon 
in the British service, and Richard Jacobs 
Haldeman, born May 19, 1831, educated at 
Yale, Heidelberg, Germany, and Berlin, was 
editor and proprietor of the Harrisburg Pa- 
triot for several years, and the founder of 
the Harrisburg Daily Patriot, and member of 
Congress for two terms. 

Egle, Casper, born October 16, 1725, in 
the city of Zurich, Switzerland ; died Septem- 
ber 3, 1804, in Harrisburg, Pa. He was the 
son of Marcus and Elizabeth Egle, who emi- 

grated to Pennsylvania prior to 1740. His 
father was the twelfth in descent from Ulric 
Egle, or Egli, who was a citizen of Zurich 
in 1386, coming down in direct line to Mar- 
cus Egle, the emigrant. Casper Egle was 
brought up on his father's farm, a wine- 
grower; received a good education, and with 
the other members of his family, came to 
America prior to 1740. His father, as before 
stated, located in Cocalico township, Lan- 
caster county. Pa., but the son settled in Al- 
sace township, Berks county. He was nat- 
uralized in October, 1762, as appears by the 
Pennsylvania Archives. In 1770, he was en- 
gaged in merchandizing at Reading, while 
in 1774 he established a brewery at Lancas- 
ter. He took the oath of allegiance August 
24, 1777, served as a private in Capt. John 
Hubley's company, and performed several 
tours in the militia during the struggle for 
independence. He remained at Lancaster 
until 1794, when he and his wife removed 
to Harrisburg, Pa., where they both died at 
the residence of his son Valentine. Casper 
Egle was twice married. His first wife was 
Elizabeth Mentges, born about 1730; died 
January 3, 1/60 ; the daughter of Francis 
Mentges, Sr., a Swiss-Huguenot. His second 
wife was Catharine Bintling, b. 1738 ; d. 
1811, at Harrisburg, Pa. There were chil- 
dren by both marriages. 

BuRD, James, a Scot, was born at Or mis- 
ton, near Edinburgh, in 1726, son of Edward. 
He came to Philadelphia in 1747 ; married, 
1748, Sarah, daughter of Edward Shippen, 
born 1730. Both died at Tinian, near Mid- 
dletown, in Dauphin county, Pa. (Colonel 
Burd in 1798, Mrs. Burd in 1784), and are 
buried in the graveyard at Middletown. 
Colonel Burd resided from 1750 to 1753 at 
Shippensburg, as manager of the affairs of 
Mr. Shippen. About 1755 he came to Tin- 
ian, where he resided until his death. He 
entered the Provincial service (1755) as a 
commissioner with George Croghan, Will- 
iam Buchanan and Adam Hoopes to lay 
out a road from " Harris' Ferry to the 
Ohio." He was then a captain; he is 
soon heard of as major, then lieutenant 
colonel, and colonel in 1760. As there were 
but two regiments in service, his rank was a 
very prominent one. He fulfilled with great 
uprightness and punctuality all the public 
duties with which he was intrusted for quite 
twenty years. Then the stirring days of the 
Revolution came, and with it disaster to 



Burd as a public man. He seemed to have 
entered heartily into the contest, but just 
when such experience as he had acquired 
would have been of the highest benefit, an 
unfortunate dispute about rank occurred ; 
that, with insubordination in his command, 
and some criticism in the Committee of 
Safety, caused him to resign his civil and 
military employments. His sons and son- 
in-law were good patriots, and a pretty thor- 
ough examination of the hasty conduct of 
Burd convinces us that he was, notwith- 
standing this aff'air, in accord with the lead- 
ing patriots with whom he was surrounded. 
He was a man of fine form, hardy and 
healthy, an advanced and prosperous farmer, 
hospitable in his intercourse with his neigh- 
bors, and respected for his integrity as a 
civil officer from 1785, when Dauphin county 
was formed, until his death, in 1793. He 
died holding position as one of the county 

AwL, Jacob, was born August 6, 1727, in 
the north of Ireland ; and died September 
26, 1793, in Paxtang township, Dauphin 
county, Pa. The name should properly be 
spelled Auld, and the first settler wrote it 
Aul, which the descendants have changed 
into Awl. He learned the trade of a tanner; 
was a man of means when he came to 
America, and settled, at an early date, in 
Paxtang, near his relative, John Harris, of 
Harris' Ferry, where he took up a large tract 
of land, which he improved, erected a tan- 
nery, and on which he lived to the time of 
his death. He became a prominent person- 
age in Paxtang, was an ensign and lieuten- 
ant in Col. John Elder's battalion of 
rangers in the frontier wars from 1756 to 
1764, and at the outset of the war for inde- 
pendence, aided, by his counsel and his 
purse, in organizing the associated bat- 
talions of Lancaster county, which did 
such effective service in the Revolution. 
When the new county of Dauphin was 
erected, Mr. Awl was appointed one of the 
commissioners in the act relating thereto, 
and John Plarris afterwards appointed him 
one of the trustees or commissioners for the 
public grounds ceded by him, at the laying 
out of the town of Harrisburg, for public 
uses. He was a representative man, influ- 
ential and potential in the county, yet pre- 
ferred domestic retirement to the struggle 
for office, and when he was offered the nom- 
ination for representative in the General 

Assembly, he positively declined. Jacob 
Awl married, July 26, 1759, by Rev. John 
Elder, Sarah Sturgeon, born September 1, 
1739 ; died June, 1809, in Paxtang, and with 
her husband there buried. She was the 
daughter of Jeremiah Sturgeon, one of the 
first settlers. 

Crouch, James, was born about 1728, in 
Virginia. The Crouches were an old family, 
who emigrated at an early day from Eng- 
land and settled in King and Queen county, 
near the court house. James Crouch re- 
ceived a good education, came to Pennsyl- 
vania prior to 1757, purchasing about three 
thousand acres of land in York county, 
where the town of Wrightsville now stands, 
on which he settled for a few years, but 
which he subsequently sold and removed to 
then Paxtang township, Lancaster county. 
Pa., where he bought one thousand acres of 
land. He was a soldier of Quebec, being a 
sergeant of Capt. Matthew Smith's company 
of Paxtang volunteers. On his release from 
captivity he became an officer of the associa- 
tors, and subsequently paymaster of the bat- 
talion. He served during the whole of the 
Revolutionary war with honor and distinc- 
tion. He died at his residence. Walnut Hill, 
near Highspire, Pa., on the 24th of May, 
1794, aged 66 years. Colonel Crouch mar- 
ried, September 22, 1757, Hannah Brown, 
born 1727; died May 24, 1787. Their chil- 
dren were: Edward, Mary, married Col. 
James Cowden, Elizalaeth, married Matthew 
Gilchrist, removed to Washington county. 
Pa., and Hannah, married Roan McClure. 

Murray, James, son of William Murray, 
was born about 1729, in Scotland ; died Feb- 
ruary 15, 1804, on his farm adjoining the 
borough of Dauphin, Dauphin county. Pa. 
For this farm he entered an application in 
the Land Office in 1768. In 1775 he was 
chosen to represent Upper Paxtang township 
in the Committee of Safety for Lancaster 
county and attended the meetings of the 
committee in Lancaster on the 8th, 9th and 
10th of November. At this time he was a 
captain of a " company of foot in the Fourth 
battalion of associators in the county of Lan- 
caster." On the fourth of July, 1776, at a 
military convention representing the fifty- 
three battalions of associators of Pennsylva- 
nia, he was present as captain. With John 
Rogers and John Harris, on the 8th of July, 
1776, by appointment of the Provincial Con- 



ference, he superintended the election at Gar- 
ber's Mill for the Sixth district of Lancaster 
county, to choose delegates to the convention 
that assembled on the 15th of the month, 
and which framed the first Constitution of 
the Commonwealth. During the remainder 
of that and the following year he was almost 
in constant active military service with his 
compnay. His company, a roll of which ap- 
pears in Dr. Egle's Notes and Queries, First 
Series, p. 7, and in Pennsylvania Archive^ 
Second Series, vol. xiii., p. 310, went into the 
Continental service in July or early in Au- 
gust, 1776. In a return of the troops quar- 
tered in and near Philadelphia, made Au- 
gust 27 , of that year, it is reported sixty strong. 
It participated in the battles of Trenton and 
Princeton. He commanded one of the com- 
panies of the Tenth battalion, Lancaster 
county militia and was with the expedition 
up the West Branch in 1779. The exposures 
to which Captain Murray was subjected dur- 
ing the Revolutionary struggle brought on an 
attack of rheumatism, from which for many 
years prior to his death he was a constant 
sufferer. He married Rebecca McLean, a 
native of Scotland, who died August 7,1795. 
The remains of both rest, side by side, in the 
old Dauphin cemetery. 

Whitley, Capt. Michael, was born in 
1730, in the north of Ireland. He came to 
America when a young man, and settled in 
what was then Paxtang township, Lancaster 
county. He was a farmer by occupation 
and was in good circumstances when the 
war of the Revolution aroused the war- 
eagles on the Susquehanna. He raised a 
company of associatois for Col. Robert El- 
der's battalion, and was in active service in 
the Jersey campaign of 1776, and the battles 
of Brandywine and Germantown. On the 
6th of December, 1777, he was severely 
wounded in a skirmish at. Chestnut Hill, 
taken prisoner, and died a few days there- 
after at Philadelphia. Captain Whitley was 
a brave and gallant officer, and the com- 
mendations of his superior officers show how 
highly he was esteemed. He left a wife 
Martha, who died in Paxtang, November 
11, 1813, aged about ninety years. 

Sherer, Joseph, was born in 1730 in Ire- 
laud. His father, Samuel Sherer, was among 
the earliest of the Scotch-Irish emigrants. 
He came from near Londonderry, Ireland, 
to the Province of Pennsylvania in the au- 

tumn of 1734, and located in Paxtang town- 
ship, Lancaster, now Dauphin county. He 
was a man of means, was well educated, rnd 
became quite prominent in the Scotch-Irish 
settlement. The son was about 4 years old 
when his parents came to America" He se- 
cured a fair English education and was 
brought up to the life of a frontiersman, that 
of a farmer. During the French and Indian 
war he served as a non-commissioned officer, 
and was in active service as a scout or ranger 
on the frontiers. When the thunders of the 
Revolution reverberated along the valley of 
the Susquehanna, with all his Scotch-Irish 
and German neighbors, he entered into the 
contest for liberty. In 1775 and 1776 he 
was in command of one of the companies of 
Col. James Burd's battalion of associators, a 
roll of which is to be found in the recent 
history of Dauphin county. Colonel Burd's 
farm at Tinian joined the Sherer homestead, 
and the two patriots were intimate friends. 
Captain Sherer was a member of the Com- 
mittee of Observation for the county of Lan- 
caster, and was chosen by the vote of the 
people a member of the first Constitutional 
Convention of the State of Pennsylvania, 
which met at Philadelphia on the 15th of 
July, 1776. While in attendance on this 
representative body of the Revolutionary 
era he took ill, returned home, and died on 
the 1st or 2d of December following. His 
remains were interred in the burial ground 
of old Paxtang church, of which he was a 
consistent member. Captain Sherer mar- 
ried, first, February 6, 1759, Mary McClure ; 
subsequently married Mary McCracken, of 
Northumberland county, Pa. 

Murray, John, son of William Murray, 
was born about 1731, in Scotland ; died Feb- 
ruary 3, 1798, in Dauphin county, Pa. In 
1766 he took up a tract of land called the 
" Indian Burying Ground," lying on the 
Susquehanna, immediately above his brother 
James' farm, which adjoined the present town 
of Dauphin. He commanded a rifle com- 
pany, which in March, 1776, was attached to 
Col. Samuel Miles' battalion, and participated 
in the battles of Long Island, White Plains, 
Trenton and Princeton. He was promoted 
to major April 18, 1777, and lieutenant 
colonel of the Second Pennsylvania regiment 
in 1780, serving until the disbanding of the 
array in 1783. He then returned to his 
family and farm. Governor Mifflin ap- 
pointed him a justice of the peace August 



29, 1791, the only political office he ever 
held. He was an ardent Whig of the Revo- 
lution, and a brave officer. Colonel Murray 
married, December 29, 1762, by Rev. John 
Elder, Margaret Mayes, born 1733, in the 
north of Ireland ; died June 22, 1807, in 
Upper Paxtang township, Dauphin county. 
Pa.; buried by the side of her husband in 
the old cemetery near Dauphin bor&ugh ; 
daughter of Andrew and Rebecca Mayes. 

Montgomery, Joseph, son of John and 
Martha Montgomery, emigrants from Ire- 
land, was born September 23, 1733 (0. S.), 
in Paxtang township, then Lancaster, now 
Dauphin county. Pa. He was educated at 
the College of New Jersey, from which he 
graduated in 1755, and was afterwards ap- 
pointed master of the grammar school con- 
nected with the college. In 1760 the Col- 
lege of Philadelphia and Yale College con- 
ferred upon him the Master's degree. About 
this time he was licensed to preach by the 
Presbytery of Philadelphia, and soon after, 
by request, entered the bounds of the Pres- 
bytery of Lewes, from which he was trans- 
ferred to that of New Castle, accepting a call 
from the congregations at Georgetown, over 
which he was settled from 1767 to 1769. 
He was installed pastor of the congregations 
at Christiana Bridge and New Castle, Del., 
on the 16th of August, 1769, remaining 
there until the autumn of 1777. when he re- 
signed, having been commissioned chaplain 
of Colonel Small wood's (Maryland) regiment 
of the Continental Line. During the war 
his home was with his relatives in Paxtang. 
On the 23d of November, 1780, he was 
chosen by the General Assembly of Penn- 
sylvania one of its delegates in Congress, and 
re-elected the following year. He was elected 
a member of the Assembly of the State in 
1782, serving during that session. He was 
chosen by that body, February 25, 1783, one 
of the commissioners to settle the difficulty 
between the State and the Connecticut set- 
tlers at Wyoming. When the new county 
of Dauphin was erected the Supreme Execu- 
tive Council appointed him recorder of deeds 
and register of wills for the county, which 
office he, held from March 11, 1785, to Oc- 
tober 14, 1794, the date of his death. " Mr. 
Montgomery filled conspicuous and honora- 
ble positions in church and State in the most 
trying period of the early history of the 
country. In the church he was the friend 

and associate of men like Witherspoon, Rog- 
ers and Spencer, and his bold utterances in 
the cause of independence stamp him as a 
man of no ordinary courage and decision. 
. . . He enjoyed to an unusual degree the 
respect and confidence of the men of his 
generation." The Rev. Mr. Montgomery 
was twice married ; married, first, in 1765, 
Elizabeth Reed, died March, 1769, daughter 
of Andrew and Sarah Reed, of Trenton, N. 
1 Mr. Montgomery married, secondly, July 
n, 1770, Rachel (Rush) Boyce, born 1741, in 
Bybei'ry ; d. July 28, 1798, in Harrisburg, 
Pa.; widow of Angus Boyce, and daughter 
of Thomas and Rachel Rush. 

Kelker, Anthony, son of Henry Kelker 
and Regula Braetscher, was a native of 
Herrleberg, near Zurich, Switzerland, born 
on December 30, 1733. At the age of ten 
years, in 1743, his parents emigrated to 
America and located in Lebanon township, 
Lancaster county, now Lebanon county. Pa., 
four miles north of the town of Lebanon. 
Anthony was brought up on his father's 
farm, receiving the meager advantages of the 
schools of that period. He was commis- 
sioned August 28, 1775, lieutenant in the 
Second battalion of Lancaster county as- 
sociators, and w as in active service during 
the campaign of 1776. In 1777 he was an 
officer in the militia at Brandywine and 
Germantown. He was appointed January 
19, 1778, wagon-master of Colonel Greena- 
walt's battalion, and the same year was sent 
on a secret expedition to Virginia and Mary- 
land. Until the close of the war Captain 
Kelker was an active participant. He was 
deputy sheriff of Lancaster county in 1781- 
82, and upon the formation of the county of 
Dauphin was commissioned the first sheriff 
in 1785, and subsequently elected, serving 
until 1788. He was a member of the Penn- 
sylvania House bf Representatives 1793-94. 
He was a very active member and vestryman 
of the German Reformed church, and treas- 
urer of the same during the erection of the 
old (First) Reformed church in 1794. Mr. 
Kelker died at Lebanon March 10, 1812. 
He married Mary Magdalene, daughter of 
George Meister, a Moravian. She died at 
Lebanon, December 30, 1818. Mr. Kelker 
was a man of strict integrity, an unflinch- 
ing patriot, and highly esteemed by his fel- 



Green, Timothy, son of Eobei-t Green, 
was born about 1733, on the "Monoday," 
Hanover township, Lancaster, now Dauphin 
county, Pa.; died February 27, 1812, at Dau- 
phin, Pa., and is buried in the old graveyard 
there. His father, of Scotch ancestry, came 
from the north of Ireland about 1725, locat- 
ing near the Kittochtinny mountains on 
Manada creek. The first record we have of 
the son is subsequent to Braddock's defeat, 
when the frontier settlers were threatened 
with extermination by the marauding sav- 
ages. Timothj"^ Green assisted in organizing 
a company, and for at least seven years was 
chiefly in active service in protecting the 
settlers from the fury of the blood-thirsty 
Indians. In the Bouquet expedition he 
commanded a company of Provincial troops. 
For his services at this time, the Proprieta- 
ries granted him large tracts of land in Buf- 
falo Valley and on Bald Eagle creek. At 
the outset of the Revolution, Captain Green 
became an earnest advocate for independ- 
ence, and the Hanover resolutions of June 
4, 1774, passed unanimously by the meeting 
of which he was chairman, show that he was 
intensely patriotic. He was one of the Com- 
mittee of Safety of the Province, which met 
November 22, 1774, in Lancaster, and issued 
hand-bills to the import that "agreeable to 
the resolves and recommendations of the 
American Continental Congress, that the 
freeholders and others qualified to vote for 
representatives in Assembly choose, by bal- 
lot, sixty persons for a Committee of Obser- 
vation, to observe the. conduct of all persons 
toward the actions of the General Congress; 
the committee, when elected, to divide the 
country into districts and appoint members 
of the committee to superintend each dis- 
trict, and any six so appointed to be a quo- 
rum, etc." Election was held on Thursday, 
15th December, 1774, and, among others, 
Timothy Green was elected from Hanover. 
This body of men were in correspondence 
with Joseph Reed, Charles Thompson, George 
Clymer, John Benezet, Samuel Meredith, 
Thomas MifHin, etc., of Philadelphia, and 
others. They met at Lancaster again, April 
27, 1775, when notice was taken of General 
Gage's attack upon the inhabitants of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay, and a general meeting called 
for the 1st of May, at Lancaster. Upon the 
erection of the county of Dauphin, Colonel 
Green was the oldest justice of the peace in 
commission, and, under the Constitution of 
1776, he 'was presiding justice of the courts. 

He continued therein until, under the Consti- 
tution of 1790, which required the presiding 
judge "to be learned in the law," Judge Atlee 
was appointed. After his retirement. Judge 
Green returned to his quiet farm at the 
mouth of Stony creek, where he had erected 
a mill and other improvements. He was 
thrice married ; married, first, in 1760, Effy 
Finney Robinson, daughter of James and 
Jean Finney, and widow of Thomas Robin- 
son. She died December 28, 1765, and is 
buried in old Hanover church graveyard. 

Rutherford, Capt. John, son of Thomas 
Rutherford, the pioneer, was born February 
16, 1737, in Donegal, Lancaster county. Pa. 
He accompanied his father to Paxtang in 
1755. In the year 1760, in connection with 
the latter, he purchased the plantation, con- 
taining nearly four hundred acres, on which 
Rutherford station, on the Philadelphia & 
Reading railroad, is now (1895) located. This 
property, although divided into three tracts, 
is still owned by the descendants; and his 
mansion house, built before the Revolution, 
is used as a dwelling by his great-grandchil- 
dren. When the troubles with England 
arose, which led to the struggle for independ- 
ence, he was active in his opposition to British 
tyranny. He was a member and officer, 
throughout the war, of the " Liberty Associa- 
tion of Pennsylvania," and served as captain 
of a company in the campaigns of 1776 and 
1777 in the Jerseys and Eastern Pennsylva- 
nia. He afterwards commanded a detach- 
ment from several companies against the In- 
dians. Throughout his life we find Mr. 
Rutherford's name connected with many en- 
terprises, both civil and ecclesiastical, which 
show him to have been a representative man 
and trusted citizen. He died at his home in 
Paxtang October 2, 1804. Captain Ruther- 
ford married, February 4, 1762, Margaret 
Parke, born 1737 ; died January 18, 1810. 

Thomas, Martin, son of Martin Thomas 
and grandson of Durst Thomas, an early 
emigrant to Pennsylvania, was born March 
15, 1737, in Heidelberg township, then Lan- 
caster county. Pa., and died July 15, 1802, 
in East Pennsboro' township, Cumberland 
count}', Pa. He served, as a private, in the 
French and Indian war in his father's com- 
pany, and prior to the Revolution established 
a furnace in the neighborhood of Shamukin, 
Northumberland county, Pa. He served in 
the struggle for independence as sergeant of 



Capt. John Simpson's company, First bat- 
talion, Northumberland county associators, 
March 25, 1776, and subsequently sergeant 
in Third regiment, Pennsylvania Line. 
During the " Great Runaway " of 1778, his 
family fled from the locality, and settled on 
the Yellow Breeches, in Cumberland county, 
where he built a stone mill, yet standing, 
and where he remained until his death. He 
disposed of his Northumberland county 
property, receiving a large sum in Conti- 
nental currency therefor, which, before he 
had the opportunity to re-invest, became 
worthless. He was one of the founders of 
Friedens Kirche, near the present Shire- 
manstown. He married, in 1767, Ursula 
MuUer, born 1740, in Lebanon township, 
now Lebanon county, Pa. ; died 1807, in 
East Pennsboro' township, Cumberland 
county, Pa.; daughter of John and Barbara 

CowDEN, James, son of Matthew Cowden, 
was born June 16, 1737, in Paxtang town- 
ship, Lancaster, now Dauphin, county. Pa. ; 
died October 10, 1810, in Paxtang. He was 
brought up on his father's farm, enjoying, 
however, the advantages of that early educa- 
tion of those pioneer times, which, among 
the Scotch-Irish settlers, was remarkably 
comprehensive and ample. Apart from this, 
he was well-grounded in the tenets of the 
Westminster Confession, which among our 
pious ancestry formed a part of the instruc- 
tion given to all. Until the thunders of the 
Revolution rolled toward the Susquehanna, 
Mr. Cowden remained on the paternal acres, 
busily engaged in farming. At the outset, 
he was a strong advocate for active defensive 
measures, and in favor of independence. Ke 
was one of the leading spirits at the meeting 
at Middletown, June 9, 1774, of which Col. 
James Burd was chairman, and whose action, 
in conjunction with those of Hanover, nerved 
the people of Lancaster in their patriotic re- 
solves. Suiting the action to the word, Mr. 
Cowden and the young men of his neighbor- 
hood tpok measures toward raising a battalion 
( f associators, of which Col. James Burd was 
in command, and a company of which was 
intrusted to Captain Cowden. His company, 
although not belonging to the Pennsylvania 
Line, was, nevertheless, in several cam- 
paigns, and did faithful service at Fort 
Washington, in the Jerseys, at Brandywine, 
and Germantown, and in the war on the 
northern and western frontiers, defending: 

them frora the attack of the savage Indian 
and treacherous Tory. At the close of the 
war Captain Cowden returned to his farm. 
Under the Constitution of 1790, he was ap- 
pointed the justice of the peace for the dis- 
trict of Lower Paxtang, April 10, 1793, which 
he held up to the time he was commissioned 
by Governor Thomas MifHin one of the 
associate judges of the county of Dauphin, 
October 2, 1795, an office he filled acceptably 
and creditably. In 1809 he was chosen 
presidential elector, and was an ardent sup- 
porter of Madison. Judge Cowden married, 
March 20, 1777, by Rev. John Elder, Mary 
Crouch, b. 1757, in Virginia ; died October 
14, 1848, in Paxtang township, Dauphin 
county. Pa., and buried in Paxtang church 
graveyard ; daughter of James and Hannah 

Maclay, William, son of (iharles Maclay, 
was born July 20, 1737, in New Garden town- 
ship, Chester county, Pa.; died Monday, 
April 16, 1804, at Harrisburg, Pa.; buried in 
Paxtang church graveyard. In 1742 his 
father removed to now Lurgan township, 
Franklin county, where his boyhood daj^s 
were spent upon the paternal farm. When 
the French and Indian war broke out he 
was at Rev. John Blair's classical school, in 
Chester county, and, desiring to enter the ser- 
vice of the Province, his tutor gave him a 
recommendation " as a judicious young man 
and a scholar," which secured him the ap- 
pointment of ensign in the Pennsylvania 
battalion ; he was promoted lieutenant in the 
Third battalion, Lieut. Col. Hugh Mercer, 
May 7, 1758. Accompanied General Forbes' 
expedition that year, and especially distin- 
guished himself at the battle of Loyalhanna. 
In Bouquet's expedition of 1763, he was in 
the fight of Bushy Run ; while in the sub- 
sequent campaign of that gallant officer, he 
was stationed, with the great portion of the 
Second Pennsylvania, on the line of the 
stockade forts on the route to Fort Pitt as 
lieutenant commanding the company. For 
these services he participated in the Provin- 
cial grant of land to the ofiicers connected 
therewith, located on the West Branch of the 
Susquehanna, and most of which he assisted 
in surveying. He studied law and was ad- 
mitted to the York county bar, April 28, 
1760, but it is doubtful if he ever practiced 
his profession at that court, the continued 
Indian war, and his subsequent duties as 
surveyor, engrossing.his entire time, although, 




from a letter of John Penn's, it would seem 
that he was afterwards admitted to the Cum- 
berland county bar, and had acted for the 
prothonotary of that county. At the close of 
the French and Indian war he visited Eng- 
land and had an interview with Thomas 
Penn, one of the Proprietaries, relative to the 
surveys in the middle and northern parts of 
the Province, and was the assistant of Sur- 
veyor Lukens on the frontiers. In 1772 he 
laid out the town of Sunbury and erected for 
himself a stone house, which was standing 
a few years since. Upon the organization of 
the county of Northumberland he was ap- 
pointed prothonotary and clerk of the courts. 
He also acted as the representative of the 
Penn family, and took a prominent part in 
the so-called Pennamite war. In writing to 
the secretary of the Province, in April, 1773, 
he says, "If hell is justly considered as the 
rendezvous of rascals, we cannot entertain a 
doubt of Wioming being the place;" but, 
much as he was prejudiced against the Con- 
necticut settlers, he foresaw the future value 
of the land in that valley, and advised Penn 
not to sell his reservation there. At the out- 
set of the Revolution, although an officer of 
the Proprietary government, William Ma- 
clay took a prominent and active part in favor 
of independence, not only assisting in equip- 
ping and forwarding toops to the Continen- 
tal army, but marched with the associators, 
participating in the battles of Trenton and 
Princeton. During the Revolution he held 
the position of assistant commissary of pur- 
chases. In 1781 he was elected to the Assem- 
bly, and from that time forward he filled the 
various offices of the Supreme Executive 
Council, judge of the Courts of Common 
Pleas, deputy surveyor, and one of the com- 
missioners for carrying into effect the act re- 
specting the navigation of the Susquehanna 
river. About this period he visited England 
in the interest of the Penn family. In Janu- 
ary, 1789, he was elected to the United States 
Senate, taking his seat there as the first sena- 
tor from Pennsylvania. He drew the short 
term, and his position terminated March 3, 
1791, his colleague, Robert Morris, securing 
the long term. His election to this body 
raised him upon a higher plane of political 
activity, but contact with the Federal chiefs 
of the Senate only strengthened his political 
convictions, which, formed by long inter- 
course with the people of Middle Pennsylva- ' 
nia, were intensely democratic. He began 
to differ with the opinions of President 

"Washington very early in the session; he 
did not approve of the state and ceremony 
attendant upon the intercourse of the Presi- 
dent with Congress — he flatly objected to the 
presence of the President in the Senate while 
business was being transacted, and in the 
Senate boldly spoke against his policy in the 
immediate presence of President Washing- 
ton. The New England historians, Hildreth 
and Goodrich, repute Thomas Jefferson as 
the "efficient promoter at the beginning and 
founderof the Democratic party." Contempo- 
rary records, ho wever,show beyond theshadow 
of a doubt that this responsibilit3'^or honor, in 
whatever light it may be regarded, cannot 
be shifted from the shoulders or taken from 
the laurels of Pennsylvania statesmanship. 
Before Mr. Jefferson's return from Europe, 
William Maclay assumed an independent 
position, and in his short career of two years 
in the Senate propounded ideas and gath- 
ered about him elements to form the oppo- 
sition which developed with the meeting of 
Congress at Philadelphia, on the 2'lth of Oc- 
tober, 1791, in a division of the people into 
two great parties, the Federalists and Demo- 
crats, when, for the first time, appeared an 
open and organized opposition to the admin- 
istration. The funding of the public debt, 
chartering the United States Bank, and 
other measures championed necessarily by 
the administration, whose duty it was to put 
the wheels of government in motion, engen- 
dered opposition. Mr. Maclay, to use his 
own language, " no one else presenting him- 
self," fearlessly took the initiative, and with 
his blunt common sense (for he was not 
much of a speaker) and Democratic ideas, 
took issue with the ablest advocate of the 
administration. Notwithstanding the pres- 
tige of General Washington, and the ability 
of the defenders of the administration 
on the floor of the Senate, such was the 
tact and resolution of Mr. Maclay, that 
when, after his short service, he was retired 
from the Senate and succeeded by James 
Ross, a pronounced Federalist, their impress 
was left in the distinctive lines of an oppo- 
sition party, a party which, taking advantage 
of the warm feeling of our people toward 
the French upon the occasion of Jay's treaty 
with Great Britain, in 1794, and of the un- 
popularity of the alien and sedition laws, 
passed under the administration of President 
John Adams, in 1798, compassed the final 
overthrow of the Federal party in 1800. 
While in the Senate, Mr. Maclay preserved 



notes of its discussions, both in open and 
secret sessions, with observations upon the 
social customs of the first statesmen of the 
Republic, which have been published and 
edited by George Washington Harris. Upon 
his retirement, he resided permanently on 
his farm adjoining Harrisburg, where he 
erected the stone mansion for many years 
occupied by the Harrisburg Academy. In 
the year 1795 he was elected a member of 
the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, 
and again elected in 1803. He was a presi- 
dential elector in 1796, and, from 1801 to 
1803, one of the associate judges of the 
county of Dauphin. Mr. Harris, who edited 
his journal, gives us this summary of Mr. 
Maclay's character : " He was a man of strict 
integrity, of positive opinions, having im- 
plicit confidence in his own honesty and 
judgment; he was inclined to be suspicious 
of the integrity of others whose sentiments 
or action in matters of importance differed 
from his own, and the journal, to which ref- 
erence has been made, is evidence of the 
strength of his intellect." " In personal ap- 
pearance Mr. Maclay is said to have been 
six feet three inches in height, and stout and 
musclar ; his complexion was light, and his 
hair, in middle age, appears to have been 
brown, and was worn tied behind or 
clubbed." Mr. Maclay married, April 11, 
1769, Mary McClure Harris, daughter of 
•John Harris, the founder of Harrisburg, and 
Elizabeth McClure, his wife; born April 13, 
1750, at Harris' Ferry ; died April 20, 1809, 
at Harrisburg, and buried in Paxtang church 

Montgomery, Mrs. Rachel, the eldest 
daughter of John and Rachel Rush, was 
born at Byberry, in Philadelphia county. Pa., 
in 1741. She was full sister of the celebrated 
Dr. Benjamin Rusii, a signer of the Declara- 
tion of Independence. ^ Rachel received an 
excellent education and was a woman of re- 
fined taste and manners. She married, about 
1761, Angus Boyce, a merchant of Philadel- 
phia. He died a few years later, leaving one 
child, Malcolm. Mrs. Boyce married, about 
1769, the Rev. Joseph Mongomery, then pas- 
tor of the Presbyterian congregation of New 
Castle and Christiana Bridge, Del., and sub- 
sequently member from Pennsylvania in 
Congress, 1781 to 1783. In 1785 Mr. Mont- 
gomery, having been appointed recorder and 
register of the new county of Dauphin, re- 
moved with his family to Harrisburg. Here 

he died, in 1794, leaving his wife with three 
children, one by his former marriage. Mrs. 
Montgomery died on Saturday, July 28, 1798, 
at Harrisburg. 

Elder, Robert, son of Rev. John Elder, 
was born June 11, 1742, in Paxtang ; died 
September 29, 1818. He was educated at 
the academy in Chester county, and was 
destined by his father for the ministry. His 
inclinations, and the breaking out of the 
French and Indian war, when the boy en- 
listed with his father as a ranger on the 
frontiers, determined otherwise. With his 
Scotch-Irish neighbors, he entered heartily 
into the contest for independence, and 
throughout the war of the Revolution was 
in the field or engaged in organizing the 
associators, of which he was colonel, suc- 
ceeding Colonel Burd in the command of 
the companies raised in Paxtang. At the 
close of the conflict he continued his occu- 
pation of farming, avoiding public office, 
preferring the quiet of domestic life. Col- 
onel Elder married Mary J. Thompson, of 
Derry, born October 19, 1750 ; died Auglist 
18, 1813. 

Simpson, Murray, was born about 1744, 
in Buckingham township, Bucks county, 
Pa. ; died February 3, 1807, in Huntingdon, 
Pa. His parents, John and Mary Simpson, 
went South and were residing in North Caro- 
lina in 1783 and in Georgia in 1791. The 
son learned blacksmithing, and, in 1763, 
settled on the Susquehanna, in what was 
then Upper Paxtang township, Lancaster, 
now Dauphin county. ,0n the 15th of Au- 
gust, 1775, he was commissioned second 
lieutenant of Capt. James Murray's company 
in the Fourth battalion of associators, of 
Lancaster county. On the 28th of January, 
1777, Lieut. Col. Cornelius Cox, of the bat- 
talion, ordered him to remain in the " Conti- 
nental smith-shop " at Bristol. He served 
during the greater part of the Revolution, 
toward its close in command of a companj' 
of militia, when he returned to his farm. In 
the spring of 1793 he removed to Hunting- 
don, where he passed the remainder of his 
days. He married Margaret Murray ,daughter 
of Capt. James Murray, of the Revolution. 
She was born in 1756 in Paxtang township, 
Lancaster county. Pa., and died April 27, 
1826, at Huntingdon, Pa. They were the 
grandparents of lion. J. Simpson Africa. 



Beatty, James, the fourth in descent from 
John Beatty, who settled in the Province of 
Ulster, Ireland, in 1690, was born 1746, in the 
townland of Ballykeel-Ednagnnnel, parish of 
Hillsborough, county Down, Ireland; died 
December 1, 1794, at Harrisburg, Pa. From 
the family record, in the possession of his 
descendants, we have this entry: "That my 
children may know the place of their nativity, 
I, James Beatty, was born in the Kingdom 
of Ireland, and county of Down, parish of 
Hillsborough, and townland of Bally keel - 
Ednagonnel, in the year of our Lord 1746, 
and came to America in the year 1784. My 
wife. Ally Ann Irwin, was born in said king- 
dom, county and parish, and townland of 
Tillynore, within two miles of Hillsborough, 
three of Lisburn, and three miles of Dromore, 
and six miles of Bally-nahinch, and ten of 
Belfast, which last place we sailed from the 
27th of June, 1784." In the fall of this year, 
he settled at Harrisburg, Pa., and thus be- 
came one of its first inhabitants. He subse- 
quently was the purchaser of a number of 
lots in the town, some of which remain in 
possession of his descendants. He was quite 
prominent in his adopted home, and held 
several official positions under the borough 
charter. He was buried in the Presbyterian 
graveyard, of which church be held member- 
ship. In personal appearance, Captain Beatty 
was about five feet eight inches, thickset, 
florid complexion, dark hair and blue eyes. 
He was an active and energetic business man, 
and his death was a great loss to the young 
town. James Beatty married, in 1768, at 
Tullynore, Alice Ann Irwin, born 1750, in 
the townland of Tullynore, parish of Hills- 
borough, county Down, Ireland, daughter of 
Gawin Irwin and Mary Brereton ; died June, 
1805, at Harrisburg, Pa., and there buried. 
They had issue, all born in Ireland. 

Wii.LAED, John Peter, was a native of 
Switzerland, born in 1745. He came to 
America as a soldier in the British service, 
but shortly after landing effected his escape. 
He then volunteered in the cause of the 
Colonies, and was with other deserters sta- 
tioned on the Indian frontier or as guard of 
prisoners of war. At the close of the Revo- 
lution he took up a tract of land in Lykens 
township, called " Amsterdam," where he 
settled, began farming, and subsequently 
married. He died in 1821, at the age of 76. 
His wife died the following year (1822), aged 

77. They left the following family : Adam, 
who came into possession of the homestead. 
His children, Joseph, John A., Henry B., 
and Adam, Jr., then divided the farm. Part 
of it yet remains in possession of the descend- 
ants. Samuel remained in the valley, a 
farmer, and had a large family. Anna Maria 
married John Philip Umholtz. 

Boyd, Capt. Adam, the son of John Boyd 
and Elizabeth Young, was a native of North- 
ampton county. Pa., born in 1746. He 
learned the trade of a carpenter, and was 
following that avocation when the war of 
the Revolution called to arms. He was an 
early associator, and when the State of Penn- 
sylvania had formed its little navy for the 
protection of the ports on the Delaware, 
Lieutenant Boyd received a commission 
therein. During the year 1776, and the 
early part of 1777, he was most of the time 
in command of the armed sloop " Burke," 
and rendered efficient service in the conflict 
between the Pennsylvania navy and the 
British ships " Roebuck " and " Liverpool " 
in May, 1776. Growing tired of that branch 
of the service. Lieutenant Boyd requested to 
be discharged, that he might volunteer in 
the land forces. Being honorably dismissed 
from the navy, he at once entered the army 
proper, holding the same rank therein. He 
was at the battles of Brandywine and Ger- 
mantown, with two of his brothers, one of 
whom was killed in the latter engagement. 
Subsequently, Lieutenant Boyd acted as 
"master of wagons," aad as such remained 
with the army until after the surrender at 
Yorktown. Returning to the home of his 
mother, near Newville, he married and set- 
tled in Harrisburg. Upon the incorpora- 
tion of the borough of Harrisburg, in 1791, 
he was chosen a burgess, Dr. John Luther be- 
ing the other. In 1792 he was elected ti'eas- 
urer of the county, and held the office until 
1806, when he declined a re-election. In 
1809 Mr. Boyd was elected a director of the 
poor, and during his term of office the county 
poorhouse and mill were erected. 

Mr. Boyd died on May 14, 1814; was in- 
terred in the Presbyterian graveyard, but 
subsequently his remains were removed to 
the Harrisburg cemetery. Mr. Boyd mar- 
ried, in 1784, Jeanuette Macfarlaue, of Big 
Spring, Cumberland county, daughter of 
Patrick and granddaughter of James Mac- 
farlaue, who came from Ireland to Pennsyl- 



vania in 1717. Mrs. Boyd died in early 
life at Harrisburg, leaving one child, a 
daughter Rosanna, who married Hugh Ham- 
ilton in 1807. This estimable lady lived 
until 1872, when she died, the oldest in- 
habitant of Harrisburg, having been born 
here in 1786. 

Stewart, Andrew, was the son of Andrew 
Stewart and Mary Din widdie, whose remains 
lie in old Paxtang churchyard. The first 
Andrew Stewart with his brother Archibald 
Stewart came to America prior to 1733 and 
settled in Paxtang township, then Lancaster 
county, Pa. The former remained there, 
while Arcliibald drifted down the Kittoch- 
tinny Valley into the Valley of Virginia, 
and settled in Augusta county, that State. 
He was the head of a large family and whose 
descendants have been represented in the 
recent history of our country by the rebel 
chieftain. Gen. James E. B. Stuart, " the 
Murat of the Confederacy," and by the Hon. 
A. H. H. Stuart, a prominent Virginia states- 
man of the old regime. The youngest son 
of Andrew Stewart, Sr., was the subject of 
our sketch, also named Andrew. He was 
born in Paxtang in 1748, and was a farmer 
by occupation. He was one of the leaders 
in the movement for the erection of the new 
county of Dauphin, and hence was named 
as one of the commissioners. In 1792 Mr. 
Stewart sold his plantation in Paxtang, and 
removed to Western Pennsylvania. He died 
in Allegheny county about tl;e year 1827, 
the date of his will being the 14th day of 
June that year. Capt. John Rutherford and 
Thomas Brown, of the county of Dauphin, 
were the executors named in his will, but 
the former passed away before the settlement 
of the estate. We have no information as 
to any descendants. 

Hamilton, John, son of John Hamilton, 
was born June 17, 1749, in New London, 
Chester county. Pa.; died August 28, 1793, at 
Harrisburg, Pa. Under the will of his father 
he inherited a " plantation and fulling-mill, 
bought of James Long, on Shearman creek, 
in Cumberland county" (Perry count}'). He 
was educated principally in the celebrated 
academy of Rev. Mr. Alison, Chester county. 
When upon a visit to his patrimony in the 
Juniata region, he was attracted to the su- 
perior excellence of a tract of land called 
"Fermanagh," now in Juniata county. He 

purchased it. On the Shearman's creek farm 
Hugh Alexander was his adjoining neigh- 
bor; he became attached to his daughter, 
and at twenty-three years of age he married 
her ; established himself at " Fermanagh," 
and erected a large stone mansion. This 
house is standing. It has been occupied by 
himself, his son John and a grandson, Hugh 
Hamilton. He became, by successful indus- 
try and in right of his mother, Jane Allen 
Hamilton, of great fortune for his day. The 
inventory of personal property at his death, 
in 1793, makes his effects in money £7,500. 
At that moment he had active enterprises of 
various kinds in full operation — at Lost 
creek, at Fermanagh, in Shearman's Vallej' 
and at Harrisburg. He was one of the ori- 
ginal lot holders at Harrisburg. One of his 
largest houses was that at the southeast cor- 
ner of Market square ; another on his lot. 
Front street and Raspberry alley. In 1792 
he employed at his warehouse and stores, on 
what is now Mulberry street, between Second 
and Third streets, " as many as fifteen mules 
and a far greater number of horses, upon 
which he sent nails and salt and other mer- 
chandise to Pittsburgh." Sending nails to 
Pittsburgh at this date would be reversing the 
usual course of trade. He was one of the 
last of those in the interior who held slaves, 
a half dozen in all. All but one continued 
in the family until the death of his widow, 
not as slaves, but as free laborers on the 
farms. Mr. Hamilton was a sergeant in 
Capt. Gibson's company. Col. Wilson's bat- 
talion of Cumberland county associators, in 
1 776 ; captain of a company in Col. Samuel 
Lyon's battalion in August, 1777 ; and also 
captain in Col. Buchanan's battalion in 
1778, and was out in two campaigns, 1776 
and 1781. In the family records of the Mc- 
Alisters, of Lost Creek, Juniata, one of whom 
married a granddaughter of Capt. Hamil- 
ton, we have the following narrative : " The 
American army, December, 1776, shattered, 
disheartened and decreasing daily, were mak- 
ing precipitate retreat across Jersey into 
Pennsylvania, before the victorious army of 
Howe and Cornwallis. In this gloomy hour 
a meeting of the people was called at the 
farm of Mr. William Sharon within a couple 
of miles of Mr. Hugh McAlister, near the 
present town of Mexico, to consult and de- 
vise measures to reinforce Washington and 
the army. All the neighbors below the Nar- 
rows met. John Hamilton, of Fermanagh, 
was made chairman. It was unanimously 



agreed to raise a company of mounted men. 
All were young men, with 3'ounger families, 
but they did not hesitate. They agreed to 
march. Hamilton pledged himself to start 
immediately, then McAlister and Sharon. 
The former was chosen captain, the latter 
lieutenants, and in two days they were off, 
more than eighty strong, riding the first day 
to the mouth of the Swatara, over snow many 
inches in depth. They reached camp, on 
the Pennsylvania side, below Trenton, the 
day after the Hessians were captured." None 
but men with their whole hearts in the cause 
would have made such a dreary march in a 
most inclement winter, unless thoroughly in 
earnest. This was the sentiment that actu- 
ated all the frontier settlers. In 1793 Har- 
risburg was scourged by a pestilence resem- 
bling yellow fever, an epidemic that then 
prevailed at Philadelphia, Baltimore and 
New York. One of its victims was Mr. Ham- 
ilton. Hp married, in December, 1772, Mar- 
garet Alexander, born March 17, 1754, in 
Shearman's Valley, Cumberland, now Perry 
county. Pa.; died August 22, 1835, at "Fer- 
managh," Juniata county, Pa.; daughter of 
Hugh Alexander and Martha Edmeston. 

Lewis, Eli, was a native of York county. 
Pa., born about 1750, and the first settler of 
the town of Lewisberrj'. He was a printer 
by profession, and had the honor of estab- 
lishing the first newspaper in Harrisburg — 
the Harrisburg Advertiser — in 1789. This 
was purchased by Mr. Wyeth in 1792 and 
clianged to The Oracle of Dauphin and Har- 
risburg Advertiser. Major Lewis was a soldier 
of the Revolution, and a gentleman of con- 
siderable literary acquirements. He was 
the author of a poem entitled " St. Clair's 
Defeat," printed in a small 32mo. at his 
office, copies of which are exceedingly rare. 
He died at his residence at Lewisberry on 
Sunday, February 2, 1807, aged 57 years. 
He was the father of Chief Justice Ellis 
Lewis of the Supreme Court of Pennsyl- 

Cox, Col. Cornelius, son of John Cox and 

Esther , was born about 1750 in the 

city of Philadelphia. His father was a na- 
tive of England, a physician of prominence 
in Philadelphia, in which city he died. 
He laid out Estherton, on the Susque- 
hanna, in 1761, supposing at the time it 
would become an important place. Dr. Cox 

was twice married — first to Sarah, widow of 
William Edgell, of Philadelphia ; second to 

Esther , of the same place. We know 

nothing further, save that their son was the 
subject of this sketch. Cornelius Cox re- 
ceived a good education in his native city. 
Some time prior to the Revolution we find 
him at Estherton in management of the 
estate left him by his father. He early 
espoused the cause of the Colonies, was pres- 
ent at the meeting at Middletown which 
passed the patriotic resolutions of June, 1774, 
and when the people were called to arms was 
commissioned major of Col. James Burd's 
battalion of Lancaster county associators. 
Was appointed assistant commissary of pur- 
chases, and also issuing commissary July 7, 
1780. Until the close of the Revolution he 
was actively engaged, whether it was in the 
collecting of flour for the French fleet, the 
gathering of blankets for the half-clad army 
at Valley Forge, or the superintending of the 
erection of bateaux for the use of General 
Sullivan in his expedition against the Six 
Nations. In 1792 he was chosen one of the 
State electors for president in favor of Gen- 
eral Washington. Governor Mifflin ap- 
pointed him one of the associate justices of 
the courts of Dauphin county, but preferring 
quiet, he declined the honor. He died Feb- 
ruary 3, 1803, at Estherton, aged about 53 
years. Colonel Cox married Mary Foster, 
born 1767; died August 2, 1810; daughterof 
John Foster and Catherine Dickey. 

Ayres, John, son of William Ayres and 
his wife, Mary Kean, was born February 9, 
1754. At the age of twenty-one years, ac- 
companied his father and family in their 
movement to Paxtang township, Lancaster, 
now Dauphin county. Pa. ; subsequently be- 
came the owner of the homestead there 
established, and added thereto a certain tract 
of land called " Ayresburg." In 1775, on 
the first call for volunteers for the Revolu- 
tionary army, he enlisted in Capt. Matthew 
Smith's company of riflemen, formed in 
Lancaster county, and detailed on the expedi- 
tion against Quebec under Arnold, but whilst 
th^ army lay before Boston, he took sick and 
was invalided. On March 13, 1776, he again 
enlisted in Captain Manning's company 
Fourth battalion of Lancaster county, com- 
manded by Col, James Burd. His father 
and several of his connections belonged to 
the same company. The Oracle of Dauphin, 
in announcing his death, August 17, 1825, 



remarks that " he was the last of the Revolu- 
tionary patriots in his neighborhood." John 
Ayres was twice married; married, first, in 
1781, Mary Montgomery, daughter of Gen. 
William Montgomery, of Mahoning, now 
Danville, Pa., who died at the age of twenty- 
three years, without issue. He married, 
secondly, in 1786, Jane Lytle, eldest daughter 
of Joseph Lytle, of Lytle's Ferry, in Upper 
Paxtang township, Dauphin count}'. Pa. 
Jane Lytle was born near Anderson's Ferry, 
March 1, 1767 ; died in Harrisburg, Pa., May 
7, 1831. The old burying-ground, one mile 
above Dauphin, contains the remains of this 
branch of the Ayres famity. 

Reily, John, was born at Leeds, England, 
on the 12th of April, 1752. His father, 
Benjamin Reil}', emigrated soon after, and 
was a gentleman of some note in the Prov- 
ince of Pennsylvania.- Receiving a classical 
education, the former began the study of 
law, and was admitted to the bar on the eve 
of the Revolution. Accepting a commission 
as captain in the Twelfth regiment of the 
Pennsylvania Line, subsequently (1778) 
transferred to the Third regiment, he served 
with valor and distinction, and was severely 
wounded at Bonhamton, N. J., being shot 
through the body. Returning home he 
slowly recovered, when he resumed the prac- 
tice of his profession. He was present and 
took part in the first term of the Dauphin 
county court, in May, 1785. In 1795 he 
published at Harrisburg "A Compendium 
for Pennsylvania Justices of the Peace," the 
first work of that character printed in Amer- 
ica. Captain Reily died at Myerstown, Maiy 
2, 1810. He married, at Lancaster, on May 
20,_ 1773, by Rev. Thomas Barton, of the 
Episcopal Church, Elizabeth Myer, the 
daughter of Isaac Myer, the founder of 
Myerstown, Lebanon county, born April 2, 
1755; died April 2, 1800. They had a large 
family. Captain Reily was not a brilliant 
orator, but was perfectly reliable as a lawyer, 
and had an extensive practice at the Lancas- 
ter, Berks and Dauphin courts. He was a 
tali, courtly gentleman, and an ardent Whig 
of the Revolutionary era ; was a po!isl;ed 
writer, and a manuscript book of literary 
excerpts in the possession of his descendants 
shows a refined and cultivated taste. 

settled near the North mountain, then Han- 
over township, Lancaster county, was born 
August 18, 1752, in Hanover township. He 
was a farmer by occupation. At the outset 
of the Revolution he was appointed a lieu- 
tenant in the Hanover battalion of associa- 
tors, commanded by Col. Timothy Green. 
He served with distinction at Long Island, 
August 27, 1776, and through the campaign 
of 1777 was in constant active service. Dur- 
ing the remainder of the war he was in 
command of a volunteer company, which 
was formed for the protection of the frontiers 
from the encroachments of the Tories and 
their allies, the savage Indians of New York. 
The sword which he carried through the 
war is now in possession of William Barnett, 
of Dayton, Ohio. Major Barnett died May 
12, 1823. He married, April 29, 1784, Mary 
McEwen, of Hanover, a very estimable lady. 
She was born September 9, 1762 ; died March 
10, 1806, and is interred by the side of her 

Barnett, John, the fourth in descent from 
John Barnett, who came from Londonderry, 
Ireland, to Pennsylvania, prior to 1730, and 

Murray, Patrick, was born March 17, 
1755, in county Donegal, Ireland; died July 
23, 1854, in Orange township, Ashland 
county, 0. He came to America at the out- 
set of the struggle for independence, and we 
find that on the 3d of June, 1776, he enlisted 
in Capt. James Parr's company, of the 
First regiment of the Pennsylvania Line, 
for three years or during the war. He was 
discharged in 1782, and shortly after settled 
at Harris' Ferry, on the Susquehanna, and 
when, two years after, the town of Harrisburg 
was laid out, established himself in business 
as a " clothier and fashioner.'-' In the year 
1800 he removed with his family to Greens- 
burg, Westmoreland county. Pa., remaining 
there until 1809, when he'located in Stark 
county, Ohio. In 1812 he and his son James 
volunteered in the brigade of Gen. Reasin 
Beall, organized for the defense of the border 
settlers in the Northwest. While quartered 
at Fort Meigs the army became much dis- 
tressed for want of provisions ; the roads to 
the settlements were long, rough, and in poor 
condition, passing mostly through dense 
forests, and across marshes and bogs. The 
quantity of forage consumed by the cavalry 
as well as the supply of the quartermaster's 
department for the troops made it difiicult to 
furnish the necessary rations at the proper 
time. On more than one occasion the troops 
were on the point of starvation, and this, with 
the inclemency of the weather, made their 



sufferings almost unbearable. Several remi- 
niscences of this period, in Mr. Murray's his- 
tory, have been preserved to us which show 
that under the most adverse circumstances 
his mother wit and his indomitable energy 
never forsook him, while his patriotism was 
none the less enthusiastic by his many depri- 
vations. After General Beall returned, the 
father and son served a second enlistment, 
and were at the battle of Fort Meigs. In 
that contest the elder Murray was separated 
from his company, and the grass being very 
tall it was presumed by his comrades tliat he 
had been killed and scalped by the Indians. 
After a few hours he appeared in the camp 
amid the cheers of his companions at his 
safe return. Upon the expiration of his term 
of service he returned to his home in Stark 
county, where he remained to 1812, when he 
removed to what is now Orange township, 
then Richland county, Ohio. It is said of him 
that, although his education was defective, 
he had a very retentive memory, and enjoyed 
at the close of his long life the relation of 
the exploits and border achievements of Jjim- 
self and other early pioneers in that section 
of Ohio. In many respects he was a reniark- 
able man, and was all his life-time active, 
energetic and industrious. On the 4th of 
July the year he was ninety-nine years of age 
he rode to Ashland in a buggy, waked about 
one mile during the day and returned home 
some three miles, in the evening. He voted 
for ten different Presidents of the United 
States. Mr. Murray married, September 2, 
1786, at Harrisburg, Pa., by Rev. John Elder, 
of Paxtang, Mary Brereton Beatty, born 1769, 
in county Down, Ireland ; died March 2,1853, 
in Ashland county, Ohio ; with her hus- 
band buried in Orange graveyard ; daughter 
of James Beatty and Alice Ann Irwin. 

MiTCHEL, Andrew, a native of Dublin, 
Ireland, born November 1, 1754, emigrated 
to America in 1774, on the eve of the Revo- 
lution. Espousing the cause of the Colonies, 
he took position as an officer among the de- 
fenders of his adopted country. He was a 
gentleman of finished education and excel- 
lent moral training, having been destined 
for a clerical life, adopted teaching as an 
avocation, and in the dearth of preceptors 
after the peace of 1783 had gratifying suc- 
cess as an educator. He came to Harrisburg 
in 1791, and in June, 1795, married Mar- 
garet, the widow of Capt. John Hamilton. 
He was one of the burgesses of the borough 

in 1799, and served a number of years in 
the town council. Mr. Mitchel was an of- 
ficer and early member of the Presbyterian 
church, and greatly assisted in its first or- 
ganization. He died December 21, 1825, at 
his residence on Front street, now Mrs. Dr. 
Rutherford's. His daughter, Jane Alexan- 
der, wife of Dr. Thomas Whiteside, was the 
only child who survived him. 

Fleming, Robert, the fourth son of Robert 
Fleming and Jane Jackson, was born in 
Chester county, Pa., June 6, 1756. His 
parents were natives of Argyleshire, Scot- 
land, who subsequently removed to Ireland, 
and from thence emigrated to America, 
about 1746, settling near Flemington, Ches- 
ter county. Prior to the Revolution they 
located within the limits of the " New Pur- 
chase," on the West Branch of the Susque- 
hanna, but during the ''Great Runaway" 
in 1778, they sought refuge among some 
friends in now Dauphin county. About 
1784 they removed to Hanover township, 
Washington county. Pa., locating on Har- 
mon's creek, where they resided at the time 
of their death, Robert Fleming at ninety-six 
and his wife at ninety-four. Robert Flem- 
ing, the subject of this notice, remained in 
Dauphin county; purchased land in Han- 
over township, on which he resided during 
his lifetime. On the 6th of February, 1783, 
lie married Margaret, daughter of John 
Wright. He was=one of the founders of the 
Harrisburg Bank, and instrumental in the 
erection of the Harrisburg bridge. He was 
an officer in the volunteer force of 1812, and 
filled acceptably various local offices. He 
was an elder in the Hanover church during 
the ministrations of Rev. James Snodgrass. 
He died February 4, 1817, and his wife De- 
cember 12, 1813, aged fifty-nine years. 

Egle, Valentine, was born October 27, 
1756, in Bern township, Berks county, Pa. ; 
died November 23, 1820, at Harrisburg, Pa. 
At the age of nineteen he enlisted in Captain 
Ross' company. Col. William Thompson's 
battalion of riflemen, subsequently enlisting. 
for one year in the First regiment of the 
Pennsylvania Line of the Revolution, and 
subsequently was lieutenant in Eighth bat- 
talion, Lancaster county militia. He learned 
the trade of a hatter, and settled in Harris- 
burg, Pa., where he established himself in 
business and was a gentleman universally 
respected and esteemed. He died suddenly 



from nervous shock and over-exertion, 
caused by the complete destruction of his 
property by fire a few months prior. He 
married, in 1796, by Eev. Anthony Hautz, 
pastor of Frieden's Kirche, in Cumberland 
county. Pa., Elizabeth Thomas, born May 2, 
1772, in Londonderry township, Lancaster, 
now Lebanon county, Pa. ; died August 5, 
1867, at Harrisburg, Pa. She was the daugh- 
ter of Martin Thomas and Ursula Muller. 
Her father was a soldier of the Eevolution, 
and her mother's father, John George Muller, 
was a lieutenant, subsequently captain, in the 
Provincial army, serving in the Forbes and 
Bouquet expeditions to the westward. Said 
a contemporary at the time of her decease: 
" During her long and eventful life she was 
highly esteemed by all who knew hec She 
was an eye-witness of many interesting 
scenes, not only in frontier times, at a period 
when the red man was occasionally to be 
seen revisiting his old hunting grounds, but 
during the struggle for liberty — the war of 
the Revolution." She was indeed a remark- 
able woman, and the incidents of her life 
were such as few persons have experienced. 
She was a devoted Christian, and her good 
deeds are the heritage of her descendants. 

KuNKEL, Christian, son of John Christian 
Kunkel, was born July 10, 1757, in the Palat- 
inate, Germany ; died September 8, 1823, in 
Harrisburg, Pa. His father arrived in Penn- 
sylvania September 23, 1766, subsequently 
locating at or near York. Christian was 
brought up to mercantile pursuits. In the 
war of the Revolution he was commissioned 
an ensign in Colonel Slagle's battalion of 
associators, and was in active service during 
the campaign around Philadelphia in 1777 
and 1778. In 1786, in company with his 
brother-in-law, George Hoyer, he located at 
Harrisburg. There ihe at once entered into 
business, which, with his indomitable energy 
and industry, proved highly successful. He 
was one of the prime movers and contributed 
toward the organization of the first German 
church in Harrisburg. He was burgess of 
.the borough in 1796, and frequently a mem- 
ber of the council. He was elected, in 1809, 
one of the directors of the branch bank of 
Philadelphia at Harrisburg, and the same 
year appointed by Governor Snyder one of 
the commissioners for erecting a bridge over 
the Susquehanna, and was interested in other 
enterprises. His life was an active and busy 
one. Mr. Kunkel was twice married ; mar- 

ried, first, on May 4, 1779, at York, Pa., 
Catharine Hoyer, born October 31, 1758, in 
the "Palatinate, Germany ; died August 27, 
1796, at Harrisburg, Pa. 

Graydon, William, the son of Alexander 
Graydon and Rachel Marks, was born near 
Bristol, Bucks county. Pa., September 4, 
1759. He was educated in Philadelphia, 
and studied law under Edward Biddle, of 
that city. He came to Harrisburg upon the 
organization of the county of Dauphin, and 
began the practice of his profession, being 
admitted at the May term, 1786. He was 
the first notary public, commissioned Sep- 
tember 2, 1791, and a leading man in the 
borough during the " mill-dam troubles " 
of 1794-95. He was many years a member 
of the town council and president thereof, 
and subsequently one of the burgesses. He 
was the author of " Forms of Conveyancing " 
(in two volumes), " The Justice's Assistant," 
and edited "An Abridgement of the Laws of. 
the United States" in 1802. Mr. Graydon 
was prominent in the organization of the 
First Presbyterian church, and for many 
years an elder thereof. He died at Har- 
risburg, October 13, 1840, in the eighty- 
second year of his age. "Mr. Graydon," 
says Rev. Dr. Robinson, " was a man of fine 
literary tastes, was highly esteemed as a 
gentleman of the old school, in his manners 
refined, courteous, of unblemished integrity" 
in the many trusts committed to him, of 
high and honorable principles, and in the 
church and walks of Christian life a man of 
true piety and deep devotion." H. Murray 
Graydon and Dr. William Graydon are his 

Fleming, Samuel, was born October 30, 
1761, in Cecil county, Md., died August 3, 
1851, in Harrisburg, Dauphin county, Pa. 
Removed with his father's family to West- 
ern Pennsylvania, where he served as justice 
of the peace and surveyor for Washington 
county ; was captain of a ranging company 
on the frontiers to protect them from the 
Indian marauders from the Ohio ; was one 
of the local committee to treat with the in- 
surgents during the Whiskey Insurrection. 
In 1812 he removed. to West Hanover town- 
ship, Dauphin county, where he resided 
until a few years before his death. Mr. 
Fleming married, September 24, 1789, Sarah 
Becket, born 1771 ; d. January 21, 1831, in 
Hanover township, Dauphin county, Pa. 



Hanna, Gen. John Andre, son of Rev. 
John Hanna and Mary McCrea, was born 
about 1761, at Flemington, N. J. He re- 
ceived a good dassical education under his 
father, who was a most excellent tutor. He 
served in the war of the Revolution. To- 
ward its close came to Pennsylvania and 
studied law with Stephen Chambers, of Lan- 
caster, whose acquaintance he made in the 
arm}', and was admitted to the bar of Lan- 
caster county at November session, 1783. 
He located at Harrisburg upon the forma- 
tion of the county of Dauphin and was among 
the first lawyers admitted there. He took a 
deep interest in early municipal affairs, and 
there was little transpiring looking to the 
welfare and development of tlie new town 
in which Mr. Hanna did not take part. His 
marriage with a daughter of John Harris, 
the founder, brought him into unusual 
prominence. He represented the county in 
the Legislature, and in 1795 elected to the 
United States Congress, a position he filled 
up to the time of his death by successive re- 
election. During the Whiskey Insurrection 
he was a brigadier general of the Pennsyl- 
vania force in command of the Second brig- 
ade, Second division. In 1800 Governor 
McKean commissioned him a major general 
of the Third division of the militia forces of 
the State. He died at Harrisburg on the 
13th of July, 1805, aged forty-four years, and 
is buried in the cemetery there. General 
Hanna married Mary Harris, daughter of 
John Harris and Mary Read, who died Au- 
gust 20, 1851, in the eighty-first year of her 
age. They had nine children : Esther Har- 
ris, d. s. p.; Eleanor (first), d. s. p.; Sarah 
Eaton, married Richard T. Jacobs ; Henri- 
etta, died unmarried; Caroline Elizabeth, 
married Joseph Briggs; Frances Harris, 
married John Carson McAllister; Julian C, 
mai-ried John Fisher; Mary Read, married 
Hon. John Tod ; and Eleanor (second), d. s. p. 

FoRSTER, Thomas, son of John Forster, 
was born May 16, 1762, in Paxtang town- 
ship, Lancaster, now Dauphin county, Pa.; 
died June 29, 1836, at Erie, Pa. He received 
a good education, and was brought up as a 
surveyor. In the Revolutionary struggle he 
was a private in Capt. John Reed's company 
in the summer of 1776, in active service dur- 
ing the Jersey campaign of that year. In 
1794, during the so-called Whiskey Insur- 
rection, he served as colonel of one of the 
volunteer regiments on that expedition. He 

was one of the associate judges of Dauphin 
county, appointed October 26, 1793, by Gov- 
ernor Mifflin, resigning December 3, 1798, 
having been elected one of the representa- 
tives of the State Legislature that year. At 
the close of 1799 or early in 1800, as the 
agent of the Harrisburg and Presqu' Isle 
Land Company, he permanently removed to 
Erie. In the affairs incident to the early 
settlement of that town and the organization 
of that county, he took a prominent part. 
He was one of the first street commissioners 
of the town, president of the Erie and Water- 
ford Turnpike Company, one of the directors 
of the first library company and its librarian, 
and captain of the first military company 
formed at Erie, and which in 1812 was in 
service, at Buffalo, Captain Forster being 
promoted brigade inspector. In 1823 he was 
appointed b}' Governor Shulze one of the 
commissioners to explore the route for the 
Erie extension of the Pennsylvania canal, 
and in 1827 was chairman of the meeting 
organizing St. Paul's Episcopal church. In 
1799 he was appointed by President Adams 
collector of the port at Erie, and successively 
commissioned by Presidents Jefferson, Madi- 
son, J. Q. Adams and Jackson, filling the 
office until his death. Colonel Forster mar- 
ried, October 5, 1786, Sarah Pettit Mont- 
gomery, born July, 1766, at Georgetown, 
Kent county, Md.; died July 27, 1808, at 
Erie, Pa.; daughter of Rev. Joseph Mont- 
gomery and Elizabeth Reed. 

Kean, John, was born October 3, 1762, in 
Philadelphia and died December 9, 1818, in 
Harrisburg, Pa. He was the son of John 
Kean [1728-1801 J and Mary Dunlop [1728- 
1819]. His father removed to what is now 
Dauphin county. Pa., in 1775. In 1780 he 
entered the Revolutionary service, and was 
with the army until after the capitulation of 
Yorktown. Upon his discharge he was 
placed with James Clunie, a merchant at 
Hummelstown, second sheriff of Dauphin 
county, at a salary of one hundred dollars a 
year and boarding. In this period he taught 
himself conveyancing and surveying. In 
1785 he located at Harrisburg, in partnership 
with Mr. Clunie. In 1788 he was one of the 
members of the famous " Harrisburg Confer- 
ence." He was one of the managers of the 
first library company, established in 1787, 
and the same year elected a commissioner of 
the county ; one of the trustees of the Harris- 
burg Academy, 1788; treasurer of the Pres- 



byterian congregation in 1790; chosen cap- 
tain of the first volunteer compan}"^ upon the 
resignation of General Hanna, and president 
of the first fire company, and in 1792 ap- 
pointed an associate judge. In 1796 Mr. Kean 
purchased, with John Elder, Jr., New Mar- 
ket forge, about three miles from Palmyra, 
and removed thence. Was elected to the 
State Senate, and. re-elected in 1798, serving 
until 1802. In 1805 he was appointed by 
Governor McKean register general, serving 
for three years. He removed to Philadel- 
phia in 1810, was a merchant there, returned 
to Harrisburg in 1813, was again appointed 
justice of the peace by Governor Snyder, 
which office he filled until his death. Judge 
Kean married, first, in 1786, Mary Whitehill, 
daughter of Robert Whitehill, of Cumber- 
land county. By her he had one daughter, 
Eleanor, who married, first, March 24, 1808, 
William Patton, M. D., son of Thomas Pat- 
ton and Eleanor Fleming, born in 1775, in 
Derry township, Lancaster, now Dauphin 
county, Pa.; died March 30, 1816. Mrs. 
Patton married, secondly, Christian Spayd, 
and left descendants. By his second wife, 
Jean Hamilton, born June 1, 1774; died 
March 20, 1847, at Harrisburg ; daughter of 
John Hamilton, there were four children, all 

Early Zimmermans. — The early history 
of the advent of the Zimmerman ancestors 
in Dauphin county, which at that time com- 
prised what is now known as Dauphin and 
Lebanon counties, is very obscure. There 
seem to be no records extant to give any in- 
formation on this subject. About the only 
knowledge that has so far come to light is 
the fact that three brothers, John Michael, 
Gottfried and Peter, and one sister, Isabella, 
who was married to one Rodearmel, and who 
died on the voyage without leaving any 
issue, originally came over from Holland ; 
and that some of them settled in Dauphin 
count}', near Jonestown, which has since be- 
come a part of Lebanon county. One of 
these brothers, named Peter Zimmerman, 
passed the humble life of the hardy pioneer 
in what was then the frontier of Pennsyl- 
vania. All records as to the dates of his 
birth and marriage and death, and even the 
place of his burial, seemed to have vanished 
with the dim past. A son of this Peter Zim- 
merman, also named Peter Zimmerman, was 
born March 4, 1763, in Hanover township, 
Lancaster county. Pa., as given on his bap- 

tismal certificate, now in the possession of 
.Jacob Shaeffer, Cumberland cpunty. Pa. 
These early Zimmermans, to be sure, are 
only slightly connected with the history of 
Dauphin county, but they are given for the 
purpose of more clearly showing the origin 
of the subsequent generations bearing that 
name, who have played an important part 
in the realistic drama of Dauphin county's 

The last named Peter Zimmerman married 
Miss Mary Magdelene Beane, of near Jones- 
town, now Lebanon county. Pa., and moved 
to a small unfertile farm in Cumberland 
county, a few miles southwest of Fairview, 
close to the mountains ; there were born to 
them eight children, of whom we have any 
record, five sons and three daughters, to-wit : 
Henry was born December 30, 1786, died 
March 12, 1839. Mary was born August 2, 
1788, died August lO" 1873, and was the 
second wife of Jacob ShaefFer, of Cumberland 
county, Pa. Elizabeth Zimmerman, of whom 
there is no record except that she married a 
certain Peter Blawser, and moved to the 
southern tier of counties of New York State. 
John Zimmerman, of whom there is no 
record, moved to Wooster, Ohio, where he 
died. Catherine Zimmerman was born 
November 9, 1795, married to Andrew Mona 
Smith and died June 7, 1862. Peter Zim- 
merman was born in 1796, the exact date is 
not known ; he was married to Elizabeth 
Mona Smith, and died at his home in 
Wooster, Ohio, in 1880. Samuel Zimmer- 
man was born March 11, 1798, in East 
Hanover township, Dauphin county. Pa., 
married Sarah Lehman, and moved to Wayne 
township, Wayne county, Ohio, where he 
died March 24, 1888, and lies buried near 
MadisonburgjOhio. Jacob Zimmerman, the 
youngest of whom we have any record, was 
born January 26, 1805, and moved to Bed- 
ford county. Pa., where he died August 26, 
1867. The father of these children is said 
to have died in 1810, and lies buried in the 
old graveyard now almost obliterated by the 
rough hand of time, along the river road, a 
few miles southwest of West Fairview. It is 
from this family, as well as from the line 
of early ancestors above, that the Dauphin 
county Zimmermans trace their origin. 

Snodgrass, James, the son of Benjamin 
Snodgrass, was born near Doylestown, Bucks 
county, Pa., July 23, 1763. His grandfather 
came from the north of Ireland about the 



year 1700, locating in Bucks county, Pa. 
He graduated at the University of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1783; and was for a brief time a 
tutor therein. He studied theology under 
direction of the Rev. Nathaniel Irwin, then 
pastor of the church at Neshaminy, and was 
licensed to preach the gospel by the Presby- 
tery of Philadelphia in December, 1785. Af- 
ter preaching about a year and a half in desti- 
tute places in the central and northern part 
of New York, on the 16th of October, 1787, 
he accepted' the call of the Hanover congre- 
gation of May previous, and until his ordina- 
tion on the 13th of May, 1788, he gave his 
attention to that church. A+. his installation 
there were present of the Presbytery of Car- 
lisle the revered and honored ministers 
Revs. John Elder, John Hoge, John Linn, 
John Craighead, Robert Cooper and Samuel 
Waugh. His pastorate extended over a 
period of fifty-eight years, and he was the 
last who ministered at Hanover. His death 
occurred July 2, 1846, and he lies interred 
in old Hanover church graveyard. The 
Rev. Snodgrass was twice married. His 
first wife, Martha, born November 12, 1760 ; 
died December 20, 1828 ; his second wife, 
Nancy, born in 1770 ; died January 24, 
1839, and are both interred in the same 

Steele, Gen. James, the son of William 
Steele, Jr., and Abigail, daughter of Francis 
Baily, was born in Sadsbury township, Lan- 
caster county, Pa., in 1763. He received a 
good classical education. He represented 
Chester county in the P'ennsylvania legisla- 
tive sessions of 1809 and 1810, served in the 
war of 1812-14 in the capacity of colonel, 
and for meritorious conduct prdmoted to in- 
spector general of the State troops with the 
rank of brigadier. He was an enterprising 
business man, and prior to the war erected 
a paper mill on the east side of the Octoraro, 
and in 1818 a cotton mill in the same neigh- 
borhood. General Steele removed to Harris- 
burg in 1839, dying there September 29, 
1845, and was the first person interred in the 
Harrisburg cemetery. His integrity and 
zeal, whether as officer or private individual, 
made him universally beloved and respected. 
He was a Presbyterian, but -his wife and 
some of his family were Methodists. His 
son, Franklin B. Steele, was appointed 
military storekeeper at the Falls of St. An- 
thony in 1837, and from that period was 
closely identified with the history and inter- 

ests of the Upper Mississippi. He died Sep- 
tember 10, 1880. General Steele's wife was 
Miss Humes, of Lancaster county. After her 
husband's death she removed to St. Paul, 
where she died and is buried. Their chil- 
dren were : Frank, who married a Miss Bar- 
ney, of Baltimore, a granddaughter of Com- 
modore Barney; Sarah, married Governor 
Sibley, of Minnesota; Rachel, married Gen- 
eral Johnson, of St. Paul ; John, a physician 
of prominence, married Miss McClung, of 
Lancaster county. Pa. ; Mary, unmarried, and 
Abby, married Dr. Potts. 

BucHER, John Jacob, son of the Rev. John 
Conrad Bucher, a noted early divine as well 
as an officer during the French and Indian 
war, was born January 1, 1764, in Carlisle, 
Pa. In 1790, located in Harrisburg as a 
hatter and furrier ; in 1796, elected coroner 
of Dauphin county ; in 1798, appointed jus- 
tice of the peace by Governor Mifflin, and 
represented Dauphin county in the Pennsyl- 
vania Legislature, sitting at Lancaster, nine 
successive terms from 1803. In 1810 he was 
appointed by Governor Snyder one of the 
commissioners for the erection of the public 
buildings at Harrisburg. In 1818, appointed 
by Governor Findlay an associate judge for 
the county of Dauphin, filling the office, 
honorably, until his death, October 16, 1827. 
Endowed with great wisdom and sagacity, 
and of unimpeachable integrity and honesty, 
he was called upon to fill man}' public and 
private trusts of honor and responsibility. 
His remains now lie in the Harrisburg ceme- 
ter}'. Judge Bucher married, March 27, 
1792, Susanna Margaret Hortter, one of the 
five daughters of John Valentine Hortter, of 
Spires, Bavaria, who settled in Harrisburg 
in 1785. She was born inGermantown Sep- 
tember 24, 1774; died in Harrisburg, De- 
cember 30, 1838. She was three years old 
when the battle of Germantown was fought, 
October 4, 1777, and remembered the ex- 
perience of the family who were confined in 
the cellar of their residence, which was on 
the route of the battle. 

Elder, Thomas, grandson of the Rev. 
John Elder, born January 30, 1767; d. 
April 29, 1853, in Harrisburg, Pa. He 
received a good English and classical educa- 
tion, especially under Joseph Hutchison, a 
celebrated teacher in his day. He subse- 
quently attended the academy at Philadel- 
phia, where he graduated. Studied law 



with General John A. Hanna, and was ad- 
mitted to the Dauphin county bar at the 
August term, 1791. He at once began the 
practice of a profession in which he became 
distinguished, and which he followed with 
great success for upwards of forty years, and 
" was eminent as a safe and sagacious coun- 
selor, a laborious and indefatigable lawyer." 
During the Whiskey Insurrection, he volun- 
teered as a private in Captain Dentzel's 
company, which marched westward, prefer- 
ring the ranks to that of a commissioned of- 
fice, which his company offered hira. He 
subsequently held the ofiice of lieuten- 
ant colonel of the militia, and was fre- 
quently designated by the title of colonel. 
As a citizen in the early years of the borough 
of Harrisburg, Mr. Elder possessed public 
spirit and enterprise in advance of his con- 
temporaries generally. He was the promi- 
nent and leading spirit in organizing a com- 
pany to erect the Harrisburg bridge, the 
first constructed over the Susquehanna, and 
for many years the longest in the Union. 
Upon the permanent organization, he was 
unanimously elected the president, which 
ofiice he held by annual re-election of the 
directors until his resignation in June, 1846. 
He was chosen president of the Harrisburg 
Bank in June, 1816, which office he held 
until his death. Governor Hiester appointed 
him attorney general of the Commonwealth, 
a position he filled with marked abilitv from 
December 20, 1820, to December IS," 1823, 
but he ever after positively refused to accept 
office, although he took deep and active in- 
terest for many years in the political aff'airs 
of the State and Nation. He was blessed 
with a physical constitution which enabled 
him to accomplish an extraordinary amount 
of labor without diminishing the elasticity 
of his spirits or the vigor of his mind. He 
lived to the advanced age of over 86 years. 
Mr. Elder was twice married ; married, first, 
March 23, 1799, Catharine Cox, d. June 12, 
1810 ; daughter of Col. Cornelius Cox, of 
Estherton, Pa. Thomas Elder married, 
secondly. May 30, 1813, Elizabeth Shippen 
Jones, born December 13, 1787, in Burling- 
ton, N. J.; died October 81, 1871, in Harris- 
burg, Pa.; daughter of Robert Strettell Jones 
and Ann Shippen. 

Harris, Robert, son of the founder, John 
Harris, and of Mary Read, daughter of Adam 
Read, Esq., of Hanover, was born in Harris' 
Ferry on the 5th of September, 1768. He 

was brought up as a farmer, and resided in 
the early part of his life in the log and frame 
building on Paxtang street, now used as a 
public school. His farm extended from the 
dwelling-house down the river to about the 
present location of Hanna street, and thence 
out over the bluff, including the ground oc- 
cupied by the Catholic cemetery, containing 
about one hundred acres. 

By the death of his father, in 1791, much 
of the business affairs of the family was early 
intrusted to him. He was possessed of con- 
siderable public spirit, aiding in the establish- 
ment of various enterprises, including the 
bridge over the Susquehanna, the Harris- 
burg Bank, and the Harrisburg and Middle- 
town turnpike road, in the first two of which 
he was a director and perhaps also in the 
last. Mr. Harris was appointed to various 
public trusts. He was one of the State com- 
missioners to survey and lay off a route for 
the turnpike from Chambersburg to Pitts- 
burgh, also for improving the Susquehanna, 
in the course of which the commissioners 
descended the river below McCall's ferry. 
When the Assembly of the State decided to 
remove the seat of government to Harris- 
burg, Mr. Harris was selected as one of the 
commissioners for fixing the location of the 
capitol buildings preparatory to the removal. 

During the mill-dam troubles, in 1795, 
Mr. Harris was one of the party of prominent 
citizens who finally tore down the Landis 
dam, the site of which was in the lower part 
of the city, and to which was attributed much 
of the sickness then prevailing here. He 
was one of the first" to rush into the water, 
and it was said that he was then laboring 
under an ague chill, but never afterwards 
had a return of it. 

During the war of 1812-14, Mr. Harris was 
appointed paymaster of the troops which 
marched to Baltimore, and acted as such at 
York, where the soldiers were discharged. 

He was elected to Congress and took his 
seat in 1823, and by a re-election served 
therein until the 4th of March, 1827. On 
one of the occasions he brought home with 
him a picture, made before the days of 
daguerreotyping, of the celebrated John 
Randolph, of Virginia, representing him on 
the floor of the House of Representatives en- 
veloped in a large coat, extending his long, 
lank arms and his bony finger as he pointed 
it at Henry Clay and others in the course ot 
his impassioned and sarcastic harangue. 

Mr. Harris served in Congress during the 



Presidency of John Quincy Adams, and of 
course knew him. When General Taylor, 
as President, was in Harrisburg, Mr. Harris 
was appointed to deliver the address of wel- 
come on the part of the citizens. During the 
subsequent intercourse with General Taylor 
he observed to him that he had dined with 
all of the preceding Presidents. He was 
married in Philadelphia in the spring of 
1791, during the Presidency of General 
Washington, and diued at his table, and 
there or elsewhere with Adams, Jefferson, 
Madison, and probably Mr. Monroe. He 
was intimately acquainted with General 
Harrison when a lieutenant in the army, had 
entertained him at his house in Harrisburg, 
and was invited to dine with him during 
his brief term as President. He was on 
friendly terms with John G. Calhoun, and 
was well acquainted with General Jackson. 

After the State capital was removed to 
Harrisburg, the residence of Mr. Harris, who 
had in 1805 purchased the Harris mansion 
from his brother David, and from that period 
occupied it, was the center of attraction at 
the seat of government. He entertained 
many of the prominent men of the State and 
of the Legislature. At his house might have 
been seen Governor Findlay, Samuel D. In- 
gram, Thomas Sergeant, William J. Duane, 
Governor Wolf, and various other persons of 
distinction, including Isaac Weaver, of 
Greene county, speaker of the Senate from 
1817 to 1821, a gentleman of marked pres- 
ence, and who, Mr. Harris said, more resem- 
bled General Washington than any other 
man he had ever seen. During the Presi- 
dency of General Washington, Mr. Harris, 
then a young man, accompanied the party 
on board the Clermont, the steamboat of 
John Fitch, when that vessel made its trial 
trip on the Delaware. 

The first prothonotary of Dauphin county 
was Alexander Graydon, and the first reg- 
ister Andrew Forrest, both sent from Phila- 
delphia by Governor MifHin, with whom 
they had served as fellow-officers in the war 
of the Revolution. Governor McKean for 
some reason refused to reappoint Mr. Forrest, 
and tendered the appointment to Mr. Harris. 
He, however, recommended the retention of 
Mr. Forrest, but Governor McKean informed 
him that if he did not accept the office he 
would appoint some one else. He accord- 
ingly accepted it, but, it is said, divided the 
fees with Mr. Forrest for some time, and 
perhaps until his death. 

Until the close of his long life Mr. Harris 
was quite active in body and mind. He died 
at Harrisburg September 3, 1851, being 
within two days of fourscore and three years 
of age. His remains repose in the beautiful 
cemetery now within the bounds of our city 
by the Susquehanna. His warm and life- 
long friend. Rev. William R. DeWitt, D. D., 
delivered the funeral discourse, which we 
recollect well of hearing, in which he paid 
a most glowing tribute to the memory of 
Robert Harris. He died not unwillingly in 
the faith and hope of a Christian, and in the 
respect and kind regard of his fellow-citizens. 

Mr. Harris married in Philadelphia, May 
12, 1791, Elizabeth Ewing, daughter of the 
Rev. John Ewing, D. D., provost of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. Mrs. Harris was 
born in Philadelphia December 2, 1772 ; 
died at Harrisburg April 27, 1835, and is 
there buried. 

Wallace, William, was born October, 
1768, in Hanover township, Dauphin county, 
Pa.; died Tuesday, May 28, 1816, and with his 
wife buried in Paxtang church graveyard. 
He was the eldest son of Benjamin Wallace 
and Elizabeth Culbertson ; received a class- 
ical education ; graduated at Dickinson Col- 
lege ; studied law at Harrisburg under Gal- 
braith Patterson, and was admitted to the 
bar at the June term, 1792. He became in- 
terested in the Harrisburg and Presqu' Isle 
Land Company, and about 1800 removed to 
Erie, in the affairs of which place and in the 
organization of the county he took an active 
and leading part. About 1810 he returned 
to Harrisburg and partly resumed his pro- 
fession. Besides being a member of the bar 
he was a partner of his brother-in-law, John 
Lyon, at Pennsylvania Furnace. He was 
nominated by the Federalists for Congress 
in 1813, but defeated. He was elected the 
first president of the old Harrisburg Bank 
and was burgess of the borough at his death. 
He was a polite, urbane man, of slight frame 
and precise address. Mr. Wallace had pre- 
viously married, in 1803, Rachel Forrest, 
daughter of Dr. Andrew Forrest, of Harris- 
burg, who died at Erie in 1804. Mr. Wallace 
married, 1806, Eleanor Maclay, daughter of 
Hon. William Maclay. She was born Janu- 
ary 17, 1774, at Harris' Ferry; and died Jan- 
uary 2, 1823, at Harrisburg. 

Crouch, Edward, son of Col. James Crouch, 
was born at Walnut Hill, in Paxtang, Novem- 



ber 9, 1764. He was a merchant by cccupa- 
tion. At the age of seventeen he enlisted in 
the army of the Revolution, and commanded 
a company in the Whiskey Insurrection in 
1794. He served as a member of the House 
of Representatives from 1804 to 1806, and 
was a presidential elector in 1813. Gover- 
nor Snyder appointed him one of the associ- 
ate judges of the county of Dauphin April 
16, 1813, but he resigned upon his election 
to the Thirteenth United States Congress. 
He died on the 2d day of February, 1827, 
and is buried in Paxtang graveyard. " In 
private life he was an able and an honest 
man," wrote one of his contemporaries, and 
the record of his life shows him to have been 
a gentleman of uprightness of character, and 
as honorable as he was influential. Mr. Crouch 
married, first, Margaret Potter, born 1775 ; 
died February 7, 1797; daughter of Gen. 
James Potter, of the Revolution. Their only 
daughter Mary, born October 23, 1791 ; died 
October 27, 1846 ; married Benjamin Jordan, 
who succeeded to the estate of Walnut Hill. 
He married, secondly, Rachel Bailey, born 
April 16, 1782 ; died March 2, 1857. 

AiNswoRTH, Samuel, son of John Ains- 
worth and his wife Margaret Mayes, who was 
born November 11, 1765, in Hanover town- 
ship. His grandfather, of the same name, 
with his wife Margaret Young, were settlers 
in Hanover in 1736. In 1756 the family 
were driven out by the Indians and one of 
the children captured. The latter was never 
retaken. Samuel was brought up on his 
father's farm in Hanover, receiving a year's 
education in Philadelphia in addition to that 
acquired in the schools of the neighborhood. 
After the organization of the county he be- 
came quite prominent, and twice elected to 
the Legislature. He died while in attend- 
ance on this body, in Philadelphia, in Febru- 
ary, 1798. Mr. Ainsworth married, May 10, 
1792, by Rev. James Snodgrass, Margaret 
McEwen, daughter of Richard McEwen; born 
1770, in Hanover; died October 29, 1867, 
near Lancaster, Ohio. 

Downey, John, the son of John and Sarah 
Downey, was born at Germantown, Pa., in 
the year 1765. The elder Downey was an 
officer of the Revolution under Gen. John 
Tracey and was inhumanly massacred at the 
battle of Crooked Billet. The son received a 
classical education in the old academy there, 
and in 1795 located at Harrisburg, where he 

opened a Latin and grammar school. At 
this period, in a letter to Governor Thomas 
MiflJin, he proposed a " plan of education," 
remarkably foreshadowing the present com- 
mon-school system, and which has placed 
him in the front rank of early American 
educators. He was for maxiy years a justice 
of the peace, and served as town clerk for a 
long time. He was the first cashier of the 
Harrisburg Bank, largely instrumental in 
securing the erection of a bridge over the 
Susquehanna, and one of the coiporators of 
the Harrisburg and Middletown Turnpike 
Company ; was a member of the Legislature 
in 1817-18, and filled other positions of 
honor and profit. He died at Harrisburg on 
the 21st of July, 1827, and the Oracle speaks of 
him as " a useful magistrate and pious man." 
He wrote much for the press, and a series of 
articles published in the Dauphin Guardian, 
entitled " Simon Easy Papers," were from 
his pen — sparkling with wit; they are worth 
a permanent setting, as a valuable contribu- 
tion to literature. Mr. Downey married, June 
5, 1798, Alice Ann Beatty, daughter of James 
Beatty, Esq., one of the first settlers at Harris- 
burg. She died in Ashland county, Ohio, 
May 14, 1841. Their daughter, Eleanor 
Downey, born 1811, at Harrisburg; died 
1869, at Springfield, Ohio; married April 5, 
1851, Hon. Daniel Kilgore, of Ohio. 

Fager, John, son of John Jacob Eager 
and Rosanna Lutz, was born June 10, 1768, 
in Oley township, Berks county. Pa. His 
grandfather, John Henr}' Fager, born in 
1714, in Germany, married Susanna M. Leu- 
ter and emigrated to America, settling in 
Oley township, Berks county, where he died 
in 1778. His son, John Jacob, born 1788, in 
the Palatinate; died in 1815, at Harrisburg; 
married Rosanna Lutz, born 1739; died 1802. 
Their son John learned the trade of a hatter 
in Reading and came to Harrisburg about 
1790, where for a number of years he carried 
on the business. He was one of the founders 
of the Evangelical Lutheran church at Har- 
risburg in 1795 ; served as commissioner of 
the county of Dauphin, and for a number of 
years was a member of the town council. 
After retiring from active business, late in 
life, he was the collector of tolls at the east 
end of the Harrisburg bridge. He died at 
Harrisburg on May 10, 1848, lacking one 
month of being eighty years of age. Mr. 
Fager married Sarah Cleckner, born 1772- 
died 1844, at Harrisburg ; daughter of Fred! 



erick Cleckner, Sr., one of the first settlers at 
Harrisburg. They had ten children, of whom 
those reaching mature years were Sarah, mar- 
ried George Adams, of Harrisburg ; Catha- 
rine, married Frederick Kelker, of Harris- 
burg ; Samuel, George C, and Dr. John H; 

FiNDLAY, Gov. William, the second son 
of Samuel Findlay and Jane Smith, was 
born near Mercersburg, Franklin county, 
Pa., June 20, 1768. His progenitor, beyond 
whom he never traced his lineage, was Adju- 
tant Brown, as he was called, who took part 
in the famous siege of Derry, and afterwards 
emigrated to America with his daughter 
Elizabeth. The daughter married Samuel 
Findlay, of Philadelphia. A son by this 
marriage settled, about 1756, in Cumberland 
(now Franklin) county, Pa. In the year 
1765 he married Jane Smith, a daughter of 
William Smith. She died in her thirty-fifth 
year, the mother of eight boys, six of whom 
survived her. The subject of this sketch was 
the second of this family of sons. The 
Scotch-Irish settlers appreciated the import- 
ance of a good education. A knowledge of 
the common English branches they deemed 
indispensable for all their children, while 
one son in a family at least, if it could be 
accomplished by any reasonable sacrifice, 
received a classical education. William, in 
his boyhood, displayed that activity of mind 
and thirst for knowledge which were the 
characteristics of his manhood. His leisure 
hours were devoted to. reading such books as 
were accessible. His instruction was, how- 
ever, such as could be obtained in the schools 
of the neighborhood. The meager advan- 
• tages afforded him were studiously improved, 
and the natural activity of his mind and his 
ambition to excel enabled him to make sub- 
stantial acquirements. 

On the 7th of December, 1791, he was 
married to Nancy Irwin, daughter of Archi- 
bald Irwin, of Franklin county, and com- 
menced life as a farmer on a portion of his 
father's estate which, at the death of his 
father in 1799, he inherited. 

Ke was a political disciple and a great ad- 
mirer of Mr. Jefferson. The first office 
which he ever held was a military one, that 
of brigade inspector of militia, requiring 
more of business capacity than knowledge of 
tactics. To the veterans of the Revolution- 
ary war it was given to become generals and 
colonels. In the autumn of 1797, that im- 
mediately succeeding the inauguration of 

John Adams as President of the United 
States, at a time when the only newspaper 
published in Franklin county was the organ 
of the Federalists, with its column strictly 
closed against the Republicans, Mr. Find- 
lay was elected a member of the House of 
Representatives of the State Legislature, • 
which then sat in Philadelphia. He was 
again elected to the House in 1803. Mr. 
Jefferson had succeeded Mr. Adams in the 
Presidency, and the Republicans were in the 
ascendant in both National and State gov- 
ernments. The capital had, by the act of 
April 3, 1799, been temporarily established 
at Lancaster. Mr. Findlay, at this session, 
proposed that it should be permanently es- 
tablished at Harrisburg. The proposition 
then failed ; but it was eventually carried, and 
in 1812 the removal was eS'ected. He proved 
himself a leading member, and one of the 
most useful in the House, being placed in 
the most responsible positions. When the 
act to revise the judiciary system was before 
the House, Mr. Findlay offered additional 
sections, providing that a plaintiff might 
file a statement of his cause of action, instead 
of a declaration ; for reference of matters in 
dispute to arbitration ; that proceedings 
should not be set aside for informalitj'^ ; that 
pleadings might be amended, and amicable 
actions and judgments entered without the 
agency of an attornej'. 

These provisions were not then adopted, 
but they afterwards became and still are a 
part of the statute law. The object aimed 
at by their mover was doubtless to enable 
parties to conduct their own case in court 
without professional assisiance. This the 
enactments have failed to accomplish ; but 
they have been of great advantage to attor- 
neys themselves, enabling them to cure 
their own errors and omissions, to which 
they as well as the unlearned are liable. 

On the 13th of January, 1807, Mr. Findlay 
was elected State treasurer, whereupon he re- 
signed his seat in the House. From that 
date until the 2d of December, 1817, when 
he resigned to assume the duties of chief 
magistrate, a period of nearly eleven years, 
he was annually re-elected by the Legislature 
to that office, in several instances unani- 
mously, and always by a strong majority, not 
uncommonly being supported by members 
politically opposed to him. During nearly 
four years of this time the United States 
were at war with England, and the resources 
of the country were severely taxed. 



In 1817, Mr. Findlay was nominated by 
the Republicans as their candidate for gover- 
nor. Gen. Joseph Hiester was selected by 
a disaffected branch of the Republican party, 
styled Old School men, to oppose him, who 
was supported also by the Federalists. The 
result was a triumph for Findlay, who was 
elected by a majority of over seven thousand 

In 1820, Governor Findlay again received 
the unanimous nomination of the Republi- 
cans for re-election, and Joseph Hiester was 
nominated, as before, by the Republicans of 
the Old School, and was supported by the 
Federalists en masse. Under the Constitution 
of 1790 the patronage of the Executive was 
immense. To him was given the power of 
appointing, with few exceptions, every State 
and county officer. This power, considered 
so dangerous that by the Constitution of 
1838 and subsequent amendments the Ex- 
ecutive has been stripped of it almost entirely, 
was, in fact, dangerous only to the governor 
himself. For while he might attach one per- 
son to him by making an appointment, the 
score or two who were disappointed became, 
if not active political opponents, at least 
lukewarm friends. Many trained and skill- 
ful politicians had been alienated from the 
support of Governor Findlay by their in- 
ability to share or control patronage. The 
result was the election of his opponant. 

At the general election of 1821 the Repub- 
licans regained ascendancy in the Legisla- 
ture. At the session of 1821-22, while Gov- 
ernor Findlay was quietly spending the winter 
with a friend and relative in Franklin county, 
he received notice that he had been elected 
to the Senate of the United States for the full 
term of six years from the preceding 4th of 
March. He immediately set out for the capi- 
tal, where he took his seat and served the en- 
tire term with distinguished ability. While 
he was in the Senate two of his brothers. Col. 
John Findlay, of Chambersburg, and Gen. 
James Findlay ,ofCincinnati,Ohio, were mem- 
bers of the national House of Representatives. 
After the expiration of his senatorial term he 
was appointed by President Jackson treasurer 
of the United States Mint at Philadelphia. 
This office he held until the accession of Gen. 
Harrison to the Presidency, when, unwilling, 
at his advanced age, to be longer burdened 
with its cares and responsibilities, he resigned. 
The remainder of his life was spent in retire- 
ment with the family of his son-in-law. Gov- 
ernor Shunk, at whose residence, in Harris- 

burg, he died on the 12th of November, 1846' 
in the seventy-ninth year of his age. 

In person Governor Findlay was tall, with 
fair complexion and dark-brown hair. He 
had a vigorous constitution and a cheerful 
disposition. He was affable and courteous in 
his address, fond of conversation, but did not 
monopolize it. He understood and practiced 
the habits of a good listener. He exhibited 
great tact in drawing out the reserved and 
taciturn, and enabling them to figure well 
in conversation by giving rein to their hob- 
bies. He. possessed a remarkably tenacious 
memory of names and faces. After a long 
separation he could recognize and call by 
name a person with whom he had had but a 
short and casual interview. His acquaintance 
was probably more extensive and his perso- 
nal friends more numerous than those of 
almost any other public man of his day. 

ZiEGLEE, CoL. George, the son of George 
Ziegler, a native of the Palatinate, was born 
in Lancaster county, Pa., July 3, 1768. He 
was brought up to mercantile pursuits, came 
to Harrisburg in 1795, and began merchan- 
dising, in which he was quite successful. In 
his early life he took an important part in 
public affairs. He was frequently a member 
of the borough council, was lieutenant 
colonel of the Sixty-sixth regiment, Pennsyl- 
vania militia, in 1807, and coroner from 
January 12, 1809, to December 18, 1811. 
Colonel. Ziegler died at Harrisburg, August 
28, 1845, aged seventy-seven years. His wife, 
Elizabeth, born December 6, 1777, died 
January 2, 1853. They left three daughters, 
Catharine, married George Kunkel ; Mary, 
married Rev. John P. Hecht; and Elizabeth, • 
married Rev. Frederick Rothrock. Colonel 
Ziegler was an estimable citizen, a gentleman 
of sterling integrity and worth. 

Alriceis, James, was fourth in descent 
from Pieter Alricks, who became very prom- 
inent in the early settlement of the Dutch 
on the Delaware, was a member of the first 
Assembly of the Province of Pennsylvania, 
and from 1685 to 1689 served as one of 
William Penn's counselors. James Alricks 
was born December 2, 1769, at Carlisle, Pa., 
and died October 28, 1833, at Harrisburg, 
Pa. He received a good education in the 
schools of the day, and was brought up to a 
mercantile life. In 1791-92, he was engaged 
in business in May Town, Lancaster county, 
and in 1814 he removed with his family 



from Lost Creek Valley to Harrisburg. He 
was a man of extensive reading, passionately 
fond of books, and he regarded an honest 
man, of fine education and refined manners, 
as the most remarkable object on the face of 
the earth. After his father's death, he was 
raised on a farm in Donegal, Lancaster 
county, and used to say at that period no 
one could get an education for want of 
teachers. While lamenting his own lack of 
education, he was remarkably well ac- 
quainted with history, ancient and modern, 
and with geography. He was likewise quite 
familiar with the writings of Shakespeare, 
Goldsmith, Burns, Campbell, etc. While 
living in the prime of life on the Juniata, he 
was delighted to meet and converse with 
such men as the Rev. Matthew Brown, the 
first Dr. Watson, of Bedford, Judge Jonathan 
Walker (the father of Robert J. Walker), 
William R. Smith, etc. On March 10, 1821, 
he was appointed clerk of the orphans' court 
and quarter sessions, serving until January 
17, 1824. He subsequently served as one of 
the magistrates of the borough. Mr. Alricks, 
married, July 21, 1796, at Harrisburg, by 
Rev. N. R. Snowden, Martha Hamilton, born 
August 5, 1776; died March 16, 1830; 
daughter of John Hamilton and Margaret 

BoMBAUGH, Abraham, son of Conrad Bom- 
baugh and Esther Zell, was born in 1770 in 
Paxtang township, Lancaster (now Dauphin) 
county, Pa. He received a fair German edu- 
cation and entered mercantile life, subse- 
quently, however, turning his attention to 
farming.. His father, being a man of con- 
siderable influence in the young town, gave 
Abraham prominence, and being a gentle- 
man of energy and activity, apart from his 
business tact, he was not long in winning his 
way to popular favor. As early as 1808 he 
was a member of the town council, and for a 
period of twenty-five years thereafter held a 
position therein. In 1809 he was chief bur- 
gess of the borough, and later on in life, 
from 1828 to 1831, elected to the same office. 
He was one of the county commissioners 
from 1882 to 1835, and for one or two terms 
was a director of the poor. Mr. Bombaugh 
died April 23, 1844, at Harrisburg. He mar- 
ried, March 18, 1802, Catharine Reehm, born 
July 14, 1770; died March 22, 1855. They 
had Aaron, married Mira Lloyd, of Phila- 
delphia ; Catharine, d. s. p., and Sarah, mar- 
ried David Hummel. 

Bowman, John F., was born in Lancaster 
county. Pa., May 10, 1771. His father was 
a farmer, residing on Pequea creek, not far 
from Strasburg. John F. was brought up 
as a millwright, but subsequently entered 
mercantile pursuits. In 1809 he removed to 
Halifax, where he was a merchant from that 
period to 1830, when, believing a larger 
sphere of trade was opened for him, he went 
to Millersburg, where he successfully con- 
tinued in business until his death, which oc- 
curred on the 6th of November, 1835. Mr. 
Bowman first married, in 1794, a daughter 
of Isaac Ferree, whose farm adjoined that of 
his father. By this marriage they had the 
following children : Eliza, Maria, George, and 
Josiah, married Elizabeth Rutter. Mr. Bow- 
man married, secondly, in 1805, Frances 
Crossen, daughter of John Crossen. They 
had issue as follows: John J., married Mar- 
garet Sallade, Levi, Louisa, Isaac, Mary E., 
married Rev. C. W. Jackson, Lucinda, mar- 
ried Dr. Hiram Rutherford, Jacob, Emeline, 
and Benjamin. 

John F. Bowman was one of the repre- 
sentative men of the "Upper End," enjoyed 
a reputation for uprightness and honesty, 
and highly esteemed by those who knew 
him. Genial, yet quiet and unobtrusive, he 
never sought or would accept any local or 
public office. His second wife, Frances 
Crossen, was born August 13, 1786; died 
September 30, 1846, and lies interred beside 
her husband in the old, Methodist grave- 
yard at Millersburg. 

Brua, Peter, the son of John Peter Brua, 
was a native of Berks county. Pa., where he 
was born in 1771. He learned the trade of 
a carpenter, and came to Harrisburg about 
1792. He served as director of the poor from 
1818 to 1821; was a member of the borough 
council in 1824, 1826 and 1829; commis- 
sioned county treasurer January 7, 1824, and 
was one of the county commissioners from 
1827 to 1829. While in the latter office he 
was a prime mover in establishing the Lan- 
casterian system of education, which pre- 
ceded that of the common schools. Mr. 
Brua was a gentleman of sound practical 
sense, honest and upright, and highly 
honored in the community. He died at 
Harrisburg on the 1st of January, 1842, in 
his seventy-first year. He married Catharine 
Rupley, of Cumberland county. Pa., who 
died on the 19th of January, 1833, aged sixty 
years. They had six children : Margaret, 



married Hon. Simon Cameron ; Lucetta, 
married Jacob Hoyer ; Mary, married Isaac 
McCord; Catharine, married Andrew Keefer; 
Jacob, who went as a private in the Cameron 
Guards to Mexico, and died at Tampico, a 
few hours after receiving his commission as 
a lieutenant in the United States army ; and 
John Peter, wlio was a paymaster during 
the late Civil war and now on the retired list 
of the United States army. 

Wbnrick, Peter, son of Francis and Eliza- 
beth (Greiger) Wenrick, was born in 1773, 
near Linglestown, Dauphin county, Pa. His 
father's family came from Germany and 
settled in what is now Lebanon county, 
Francis Wenrick subsequently removing to 
near Linglestown, where most of his family 
were born. Francis Wenrick was a soldier 
of the Revolution, had been at Brandywine 
and Germantown, and on the frontiers against 
the Indians subsequent to the massacre of 
Wyoming. He died about 1785, and with 
his wife was buried in Wenrich's church 
graveyard. He had, besides his sons Peter 
and Phillip, several daughters. Peter Wen- 
rick received a comparatively limited educa- 
tion, brought up on his father's farm, which 
he continued to occupy until his election to 
the sheriffalty, when he removed to Harris- 
burg. He served in that office from October 
19, 1818, to October 16, 1821, and was always 
considered a faithful and efficient officer. 
He died at Harri'sburg, February 27, 1825, 
in the fifty-second year of his age. Mr. Wen- 
rick married, February 2, 1796, Susannah, 
daughter of John Umberger, and their 
children were: John, Peter, Samuel, Francis, 
David, Joseph, Mary, who married a Mr. 
Sheafer; Elizabeth, who married a Mr. Min- 
shall ; Susannah, who married a Mr. Sloan; 
Sarah, who married a Mr. Scott; and Re- 
becca, who married a Mr. Umberger. 

Orth, Christian Henry, son of Adam 
Orth, was born March 24, 1773, in Lebanon 
township, Lancaster, now Lebanon county. 
Pa. ; died 1816 in the city of Baltimore, Md. ; 
in life went by the name of Henry, dropping 
Christian. He received a good English edu- 
cation, and was brought up in the iron busi- 
ness. Upon the death of his father he be- 
came the owner of New Market forge, but 
being elected sheriff of the county of 
Dauphin, commissioned October 17, 1797, 
like the vast majority who have followed 

him in that office, he became financially 
shipwrecked. In 1801 he was elected State 
senator, serving until 1804, when he posi- 
tively declined further continuance in office. 
Governor Snyder appointed him flour in- 
spector of the port of Philadelphia in Janu- 
ary, 1809, but he resigned this oflSce in 
April following, when he entered mercantile 
pursuits in Philadelphia. He remained in 
that city until about the commencement of 
the last war with England, when he re- 
moved to Baltimore, and had there estab- 
lished a successful business as a merchant, 
when he suddenly died, at the age of forty- 
three. Mr. Orth married, in 1794, Rebecca 
Rah m, born November 22, 1773; died Decem- 
ber 31, 1843, at Harrisburg, Pa.; daughter 
of Conrad Rahn and Catharine Weiser. 

Stewart, Robert Templeton, was born 
June 15, 1773, in Hanover, and died Octo- 
ber, 1835, at Hoilidaysburg, Pa., while en 
route to Pittsburgh ; buried at Saltsburg, 
Indiana county, Pa. He settled in Belle- 
fonte in the year 1800, and was admitted to 
the bar of Centre county at the November 
term. He was retained in the famous slander 
suit of McKee vs. Gallagher, August term, 
1801, in which there were fourteen lawyers 
for the plaintiff and twenty-two for defend- 
ant. In 1810 he was appointed postmaster, 
and continued in office until 1819. In 1810 
engaged in mercantile pursuits with his 
brother, William C, and in 1819 entered 
into partnership with John Lyon in the 
manufacture of iron ; residence at Coleraine 
■Forges, Huntingdon county. In 1828 Lyon 
and Stewart sold Coleraine Forges to Joseph 
and James Barnett and Anthony Shorb. 
He moved to Pittsburgh in 1823, and built 
Sligo Rolling Mill. Represented Allegheny 
county in Pennsylvania Legislature in 1831- 
32. Disposing of his interests in the iron 
business, Mr. Stewart went to manufactur- 
ing salt on the Kiskiminetas. He was 
a man of genial disposition and social 
habits, and of great practical humor. In 
person, above the ordinary size, and of 
very dark complexion, 'which he inherited 
from his grandmother Stewart. He mar- 
ried, in 1809, by Rev. Henry Wilson, Mary 
Dunlop, daughter of James Dunlop, and 
Jean, daughter of Andrew Boggs, of Done- 
gal township, Lancaster county. Pa., who, in 
connection with James Harris, in 1795, laid 
out the town of Bellefonte. Mary Dunl< p 
Stewart died in 1827, aged forty-five years 



and was buried in the First Presbyterian 
cliurcliyard, Pittsburgh. Robert T. Stewart 
married, secondly, in 1831, Mrs. Mary E. 
Hamilton, of Middlesex, Cumberland county. 
Pa., who died in Pittsburgh in 1842. 

Port Lyon and Greensburg) about the year 
1826. He married, in 1804, Rebecca Mur- 
ray, daughter of Col. John Murray, of the 

McCammon, John, of Middletown, was born 
in the county of Down, Ireland, about the 
year 1774, and emigrated to the United States 
when about seventeen years of age. He re- 
sided a short time in Chester county, from 
whence he came to Middletown, where he 
followed his trade of stone-mason. He mar- 
ried there and afterwards kept the principal 
hotel and stage office on Main street, near 
Center square. When General Lafayette, on 
his visit to America, in 1824-25, passed 
through Middletown on his way to Harris- 
burg, he and his escort dined at the house of 
Mr. McCammon. Mr. McCammon was ap- 
pointed postmaster early in 1803, and con- 
tinued to hold the office until December 24, 
1829, a period of nearly twenty-seven years. 
He died July 24, 1838, aged sixty-four years, 
and was buried in the old Presbyterian grave- 
yard in Middletown. Two of Mr. McCam- 
mon's daughters served lengthened terms as 
postmistresses, Mrs. Catharine A. Stouch and 
Mrs. Rachel C. McKibbin, making in all a 
period of about forty-seven years for the 
family as postmasters. Mr. McCammon was 
a consistent member of the Paxtang Presby- 
terian church. 

Green, Innis, the eldest son of Col. Tim- 
othy Green and Mary Innis, was born in 
Hanover township, Dauphin county. Pa., 
March 25, 1776. His early years were spent 
on his father's farm, but he received a toler- 
ably fair English education, an essential in 
the Scotch-Irish settlements. His father, 
who built a mill at the mouth of Stony creek 
about 1790, dying in 1812, Innis took charge 
of it. He was appointed one of the associate 
judges of Dauphin county by Governor 
Findlay, August 10, 1818, resigning October 
23, 1827, having been elected to the National 
House of Representatives. He served dur- 
ing the Twentieth and Twenty-first Con- 
gresses. Governor Wolf, January 26, 1832, 
re-appointed him associate judge, a position 
he held at the time of his death, which oc- 
curred on the 4th of August, 1839. His 
remains lie interred in the cemeter}' at 
Dauphin. Judge Green laid Out the town 
(which for many years went by the names of 

Kelker, John, fourth son of Anthony 
Kelker and Mary Magdalena Meister, was 
born at Annville, Pa., June 12, 1776. He re- 
ceived a good education, or rather such as 
the country afforded during the Revolution- 
ary era, and was brought up to mercantile 
pursuits, and learned the trade of a hatter. 
In 1812 he was elected sheriff of Dauphin 
county, and permanently removed to Harris- 
burg April 29, 1813. He was appointed 
deputy marshal for the county, and took the 
census thereof in 1830, and served as county 
treasurer from 1829 to 1832. Mr. Kelker was 
an officer of the Reformed church, Harris- 
burg, and one of the building committee 
when the present church was erected. He 
died at Harrisburg April 29, 1859, at the 
age of eighty-three. " In social life," wrote 
a contemporary, " he was an example of ur- 
bane manners, of warm and genial friendship, 
of generous hospitality, and was everywhere 
welcomed as a man of courteous and kind 
disposition." Mr. Kelker married, in 1798, 
Sabina, daughter of Henry Shantz and Sabina 
Meily, of Lebanon, who died at Harrisburg, 
December 26, 1853, and had issue. 

Jefferson, Joseph, was a native of Eng- 
land, born in 1776. He was the son of a 
distinguished actor, who was the contem- 
porary of Garrick. It is well authenticated 
that the English Jeffersons, from whom 
Thomas Jefferson, the third President, 
claimed descent, and the ancestry of Joseph 
Jefferson the elder, were of the same county 
of England. It is a fact, also, that Mr. Jef- 
ferson, when President, sent for the come- 
dian, then in Washington, and the interview 
satisfied both parties that they were of the 
same stock, and that conclusion was strength- 
ened by a strong family resemblance. The 
latter was asked to dine at the executive 
mansion. He very courteously but firmly 
declined, saying that his gratification and 
pride in their possible connection was so 
great that it would be marred if the matter 
were known to the world, as any avowal of 
it would be misconstrued. He was educated 
for the stage, and in 1795 came to Bos- 
ton, where and in New York he performed 
until about 1803, when he located in Phila- 



delphia. Here he was quite a favorite, 
especially at the Chestnut street theater. 
From 1825 to 1832 he made Harrisburg his 
home, having a suite of apartments in the 
old Shakspeare building. He died here on 
the 4th of August, 1832, greatly lamented. 
His remains were interred in the burying 
ground attached to St. Stephen's Episcopal 
church, and from thence removed to the 
Harrisburg cemetery. The inscription on 
his tomb was written by Chief Justice Gib- 
son, and has often been quoted and admired 
for its diction. 

Of him the late John P. Kennedy wrote : 
"He played everything that was comic, and 
always made people laugh until the tears 
came in their eyes. Laugh! Why I don't 
believe he ever saw the world doing any- 
thing else. Whomsoever he looked at 
laughed. Before he came through the side 
scenes, when he was about to enter he would 
produce the first words of his part to herald 
his appearance, and instantly the whole 
audience set up a shout. It was only the 
sound of his voice. He had a patent right 
to shake the world's diaphragm which 
seemed to be infallible. When he acted, 
families all went together, young and old. 
Smiles were on every face; the town was 
happy. The chief actors were invited into 
tlie best company, and I believe their per- 
sonal merits entitled them to all the esteem 
that was feit for them." 

Mr. Jefferson possessed great taste and 
skill in the construction of intricate stage 
machinery, and was unrivalled in his pecu- 
liar personations. His favorite characters 
were Kit Cosey, Old D'Oiley and Admiral 
Cop. He is known as the elder Jefferson. 
His son and grandson were alike great actors 
— the father of the second Joseph bequeath- 
ing to him his genius and his aspirations, 
with all that polish which rendered each so 
popular in his day. And now comes a third 
Joseph Jefferson, who, since the days of 
Hackett, has made the character of Rip Van 
Winkle his own. 

BuEHLER, George, the son of Henry 
Buehler, a soldier of the Revolution, and 
Jane Trotter, was born near the town of 
Lebanon, Pa., in July, 1776. His parents 
were Moravians ; they lie buried in Mount 
Hebron burying ground, and were life-long 
members of the old Hebron church. George 
received a good English and German educa- 
tion at the celebrated Moravian school at 

Lititz, and was subsequently brought up to 
mercantile pursuits. He was commissioned 
by Governor Mifflin justice of the peace for 
Lebanon township December 3, 1799. The 
year following, under the auspices of the 
Harrisburg and Presqu' Isle Land Com- 
pany, he removed to Erie, and was appointed 
in August, 1801, by President Jefferson, col- 
lector of the Eighteenth Collection District 
of Pennsylvania. Mr. Buehler took a prom- 
inent part in the affairs connected with the 
early organization of Erie county. At his 
residence, on the 2d of April, 1803, that 
county was organized for judicial purposes. 
He was a member of the first council of the 
town of Erie in 1806, and in 1808 and 1809 
was borough burgess. He was one of the first 
to aid in developing the Lake Erie trade, 
foreseeing at that early day the advantages 
of that magnificent port of the lakes. In 
1811-12 he was a member of the Erie Light 
Infantry, Captain Forster, which was in active 
service during a portion of that period. In 
1812, owing probably to the war troubles on 
the frontiers, he came to Harrisburg and 
took charge of the " Golden Eagle." He died 
at Harrisburg on the 5th of August, 1816, 
aged forty years. Mr. Buehler married 
previous to removing to Erie, Maria, daughter 
of Peter Nagle, of Reading. She was born 
December 25, 1779, and died at Plarrisburg 
July 27, 1843 ; a lady of great amiability of 
character. Mr. Buehler was a man of sterling 
integrity, and his brief life was one of activity, 
enterprise and industry. At Erie he stood 
high in the esteem of its citizens, and at 
Harrisburg his appreciation was none the 

Keller, John Peter, son of Charles An- 
drew Keller and Judith Barbara Bigler, was 
born at Lancaster, Pa., September 28, 1776. 
His ancestor belonged to one of the oldest 
families in Switzerland, and emigrated to 
America in 1735. John Peter learned the 
trade of a brass founder, coming to Harris- 
burg in 1796. In 1801 he established him- 
self in business as " brass founder and rope- 
maker," which proved successful, and after- 
wards in general merchandising. He was a 
member of the borough council almost con- 
tinuously from 1810 to 1824, and was quite 
prominent and influential in the public 
affairs of his day. He was identified with 
nearly all the early enterprises of the town, 
such as the Harrisburg Bridge Company, 
Harrisburg and Middletown Turnpike Com- 



panjr, and at his death was the last survivor 
of the original board of directors of the Har- 
risburg Bank. He was a gentleman of 
thrift, industry and indomitable energy, up- 
right, honored and respected by liis fellow- 
citizens. He was no less decided and influ- 
ential as a Christian, being one of the found- 
ers of the Lutheran church in Harrisburg. 
He died at Harrisburg October 1, 1859, in the 
eighty-fourth year of his age. Mr. Kel- 
ler was twice married. His first wife was 
Catharine Schaeffer, daughter of Kev. Fred- 
erick Schaeffer, D. D., of Lancaster, born 
November 6, 1774, died December 19, 1842, 
and by whom he had the following children : 
Frederick, George, Rev. Emanuel, Eliza, m. 
James R. Boyd, Maria, m. Lewis L. Plitt, 
Catharine, m. James Gilliard, John Peter, 
Sophia, m. Thonoas Montgomery, William, 
Frederick, George, Benjamin, Peter, Charles 
and Charles Andrew. His second wife was 
Mrs. Rachel Cochran, widow of William 
Cochran, formerly sheriff of the county, who 
survived him thirteen years. 

Alricks, of Harrisburg ; William M., J. Wal- 
lace, James Wilson, and Martha, married 
Dr. Edward L. Orth, of Harrisburg. As a 
minister there were few who stood higher in 
the estimation of his brethren in the Presby- 
terv than the Rev. William Kerr. 

Kerr, William, was born in Bart town- 
ship, Lancaster county. Pa., October 13, 1776. 
His father dying early, he was left to the 
tender care of a pious mother. After some 
years spent in the schools of the neighbor- 
hood, he was sent to Jefferson College, Can- 
nonsburg, where he was graduated. For 
some years thereafter he was principal of an 
academy at Wilmington, Del. He subse- 
quently placed himself under the care of the 
Presbytery of New Castle, and was shortly 
after ordained by that body. He preached 
in Harrisburg about the years 1805-6, and 
upon the resignation of the Rev. Mr. McFar- 
quhar was sent to supply the pulpit of the 
old Donegal church. In the fall of 1808 the 
congregation at Columbia made application 
to Mr. Kerr for part of his time. It was not, 
however, until the year following that he 
assented to give them a portion of his min- 
isterial labors. He continued to be the 
stated supply there until the first Sunday in 
January, 1814, when he preached his fare- 
well sermon. Mr. Kerr also preached at 
Marietta in addition to his charge at Donegal. 
He died September 22, 1821, aged forty- 
five years, and is interred in old Donegal 
church graveyard. The Rev. Mr. Kerr mar- 
ried Mary Elder, daughter of .James Wilson 
and Mary Elder, of Derry, born 1788 ; died 
February 22, 1850, at Harrisburg ; and their 
children were : Mary E., married Hermanus 

FoRSTER, John, son of John Forster, was 
born September 17, 1777, in Paxtang, Lan- 
caster, now Dauphin county. Pa. ; died May 
28, 1863, at Harrisburg, Pa. ; he received a 
good education and was at Princeton when 
a call was made by President Washington for 
volunteers to march to Western Pennsyl- 
vania to put down the so-called " Whiskey 
Insurrection " of 1794, and was on that ex- 
pedition as an aid to General Murray. He 
subsequently read law with General Hanna, 
but never applied for admission, turning his 
attention to mercantile pursuits, in which he 
was very successful. During the military 
era of the Government prior to the war of 
1812 he was colonel of the State militia, and 
in 1814, when the troops from Pennsylvania 
marched to the defense of the beleaguered 
city of Baltimore, he was placed in command 
of a brigade of volunteers. For his gallant 
services in that campaign the thanks of the 
general commanding were tendered in special 
orders. He served in the State Senate from 
1814 to 1818. General Forster was cashier 
of the Harrisburg Bank for a period of at 
least sixteen years, established the Bank of 
Lewistown, and in 1837 was cashier of the 
Exchange Bank of Pittsburgh. He subse- 
quently became president of the Branch 
Bank at Hollidaysburg, but in a few years re- 
tired from all business pursuits and returned 
to his home at Harrisburg. General Forster 
was faithful, honest and upright in all his 
business connections, and a good financier. 
He was twice married ; first, September 25, 
1798, Mary Elder, born 1779 ; died Decem- 
ber 18, 1831, at Harrisburg, Pa. ; daughter 
of John Elder and Elizabeth Awl. General 
Forster married, secondly, Julj"^ 9, 1833, 
Margaret Snodgrass Law, born March 6, 
1804; died December 9, 1891; daughter of 
Benjamin Law, of Mifflin county, Pa., and 
widow of Rev. James H. Stuart, a Presby- 
terian minister of the Kishacoquillas Valley. 
There was issue by both marriages. 

Grain, Richard Moore, was born in No- 
vember, 1777, in Hanover township, Lancas- 
er county. Pa.; died Friday, September 17, 
1852, in Harrisburg, Pa. He received a fair 



education and was brought up on his father's 
farm. He became quite prominent in pub- 
lic affairs the first decade of this century, and 
during the incumbency of Gen. Andrew Por- 
ter as surveyor general of Pennsylvania, Mr. 
Grain received the appointment of deputy 
secretary of the Land Office, a position he ac- 
ceptably filled through all the changes of ad- 
ministration for forty years, until the advent 
of Governor Ritner, when he was displaced. 
. He then retired to his farm in Cumberland 
county, from which district he was sent a 
delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 
1837, in which he was a leading spirit. Dur- 
ing the war of 1812-14 he commanded a com- 
pany of volunteers from Harrisburg, and was 
subsequently commissioned colonel of the 
Pennsylvania militia. Colonel Crain mar- 
ried, in 1802, Elizabeth Whitehill, born 1771; 
died October 2, 1848; daughter of Robert 
Whitehill and Eleanor Read. 

Jordan, Benjamin, son of Thomas Jordan 
and Rachel Steele, was born July 19, 1779, 
on the ground where the town of Milton, 
Northumberland county. Pa., is located. 
Thomas Jordan, the first of his family, was 
an emigrant from Scotland, coming to Amer- 
ica prior to 1700, and settled in Cecil county, 
Md. He and his family were rigid Presby- 
terians, and attached themselves to Christi- 
anna church, located just over the line in 
the State of Delaware. In the yard of that 
church the remains of four generations of 
the Jordan family rest. Thomas Jordan, 
father of Benjamin, was born near this old 
church prior to 1752, from whence he re- 
moved to Northumberland county, prior to 
the war of the Revolution. When the son 
was only a few weeks old the family were 
driven from their home by the marauding 
Indians, when they located in York county 
where Thomas Jordan died. He married 
Rachel Steele, the eldest sister of Gen. Archi- 
bald and Gen. John 'Steele, of Revolution- 
ary memory. In 1805 Benjamin Jordan 
removed to Lancaster, where he engaged 
himself in the business of bookseller with 
William Dickson, at the same time assisted 
in editing the Lancaster Intelligencer until 
1808, when he was appointed weighmaster 
of the port of Philadelphia. In 1816 he re- 
signed and cam^e to Dauphin county, taking 
up his residence at Walnut Hill. Mr. Jor- 
dan represented the Dauphin District in the 
State Senate 1846 to 1850. He died at his 
residence May 24, 1861, in the eighty-second 

year of his age. Mr. Jordan married, Octo- 
ber 29, 1811, Mary Crouch, born October 23, 
1791, at Walnut Hill, Dauphin county. Pa.; 
died October 27, 1846, at the same place ; 
daughter of Edward Crouch and Margaret 
Potter. They are both interred in old Pax- 
tang church graveyard. 

HiESTER, Gen. Gabriel, Jr., son of Gabriel 
Hiester and Elizabeth Bausman, was born in 
Bern township, Berks county, Pa., January 
5, 1779. He received a good English and 
German education, and his early years were 
spent on his father's farm. His father being 
an active politician, the son was early imbued 
with the same spirit. In 1809 he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Snyder clerk of the 
courts of Berks county, and in 1811 pro- 
thonotary, holding these offices until 1817. 
During the war of 1812-14 he was brigade 
major and served under General Adams, of 
Berks county, during the campaign at Wash- 
ington and iBaltimore. Under appointment 
by Governor Findlay, he held the office of 
associate judge from 1819 to 1823. Gov- 
ernor Shulze appointed Judge Hiester sur- 
veyor general, when he removed to Harris- 
burg. He held that position from May 11, 
1824, to May 11, 1830. He was a presiden- 
tial elector in 1817, and again in 1821, cast- 
ing his vote for James Monroe. About 1833 
he erected the first rolling-mill in this neigh- 
borhood, at Fairview, on the Conedoguinet. 
He died there suddenly, September 14, 1831, 
in his fifty-sixth year, and is buried in the 
Harrisburg cemetery. General Hiester mar- 
ried. May 12, 1808, Mary, daughter of Dr. 
John Otto, of Reading, who died at Esther- 
ton, January 9, 1853. They had children : 
Louisa Harriet, married C. B. Bioren ; Au- 
gustus 0., Gabriel, and Catharine. 

Fox, John, son of John Fox and Ann 
Margaret Rupert, was born June 10, 1780, 
near Hummelstown, Dauphin county. Pa. 
He was educated in the country schools of 
the neighborhood, and a farmer by occupa- 
tion. He became quite prominent and in- 
fluential in the political affairs of the county, 
and served as a member of the House of 
Representatives of Pennsylvania from 1831 
to 1833. He filled the office of sheriff from 
October 14, 1833, to October 21, 1836, and 
again from October 19, 1839, to October 24, 
1842. Apart from these positions of trust 
and honor, he served his neighbors in the 



various township offices with fidelity. He 
died at his residence in Hummelstown, July 
19, 1853, aged seventy-three years. He was 
a representative man, not only of his family 
but of the county, a faithful officer, of strict 
integrity, upright and conscientious in all 
his relations with his fellow-men. 

Kelker, Frederick, son of Anthony 
Kelker and Mary Magdalena Meister, was 
born October 29, 1780. His early education 
was extremely limited, and consisted of a 
few months' attendance at the parochial 
school in the churchyard of the Reformed 
church at Lebanon. In May, 1801, he en- 
tered the store pi Oves & Moore, and in 
March, 1805, removed to Harrisburg, where, 
in partnership with his former employers, he 
established in that town the first exclusively 
hardware store. In 1811 he purchased the 
interest of his partners and became the sole 
owner. In 1823, his health failing, he relin- 
quished business and disposed of it to two of 
the young men who had been in his employ. 
He continued, however, to reside in the house 
in which he first settled until his decease. 
Through all that period he manifested great 
interest in the welfare of his successors in 
business, and there was perhaps no year in 
which a portion of his capital was not to a 
greater or less extent used by them whenever 
they desired it. He was remarkable for 
punctuality and integrity. A close observer 
of human nature and a safe counselor, being 
often appealed to by his fellow-citizens, calm 
and modest in his demeanor, he was not to 
be swerved from his purposes when he felt 
that he was in the line of duty. His habits 
of industry and economy led to the acquisi- 
tion of a competency, and the latter half es- 
peciallj' of his long life was devoted in his 
own quiet and unobtrusive way to the 
amelioration of the condition of the poor, 
sick and friendless. In the vigor of man- 
hood he filled many minor positions in 
the community in which he lived, always 
rejecting political preferment. For several 
terms he was a member and president of the 
borough council ; was a director of the 
branch established by the Philadelphia 
Bank in Harrisburg, a director of the Har- 
risburg Bank, a director of the common 
schools when they were first established in 
Pennsylvania, and was ready at all times to 
co-operate with his fellow-citizens in all the 
benevolent enterprises of the day. In the 
church of which he was a member (the Re- 

formed), he was prominent ; presided at the 
meeting on November 17, 1820, to establish 
the first Sunday-school in connection witli the 
church, and active in the measures adopted 
for erecting the church building yet standing. 
He died at Harrisburg on July 12, 1857, in the 
seventy-seventh year of his age. Mr. Kelker 
was twice married ; first to Lydia Chamber- 
lain, daughter of Charles Chamberlain, of 
Philadelphia ; secondly to Catharine Fager, 
daughter of John and Sarah Fager, of Har- 

Cochran, William, was born in what is 
now Middle Paxton township, Dauphin 
county. Pa., in 1780. He received a good 
English education, and was brought up on 
his father's farm. In 1814 he served as a 
volunteer and marched to the defense of 
Baltimore. He served as coroner of the 
county from 1818 to 1821 ; member of the 
House of Representatives from 1820 to 1824; 
county commissioner from 1830 to 1833, and 
sheriff from 1837 to 1839. He died at Har- 
risburg on Sunday, 26th of April, 1840, aged 
sixty years, and was interred in the family 
burying ground in Middle Paxtang. The 
Intelligencer pays this tribute to his memory: 
" Mr. Cochran was a highly respected citi- 
zen, a popular officer, and a kind and hos- 
pitable neighbor." 

Beatty, George, youngest son of Capt. 
James Beatty, was born January 4, 1781, at 
Ballykeel-Ednagonnel, county of Down, Ire- 
land. He received a good early education 
in the Latin school of John Downey, and 
learned watch and clock-making with his 
brother-in-law, Samuel Hill, whose clocks are 
more or less celebrated to this day. In 1808 
Mr. Beatty established himself in business, 
which he continued uninterruptedly for up- 
wards of forty years. He was an ingenious 
mechanician and constructed several clocks 
of peculiar and rare invention. In 1814 he 
was orderly sergeant of Capt. Thomas Walker's 
company, the Harrisburg Volunteers, which 
marched to the defense of the city of Balti- 
more. Mr. Beatty in early life took a promi- 
nent part in local affairs, and, as a conse- 
quence, was frequently solicited to become a 
candidate for office, but he almost invariably 
declined. He, nevertheless, served a term as 
director of the poor, and also as county audi- 
tor. He was elected burgess of the borough 
on three several occasions and was a member 
of the town council several years, and, while 



serving in the latter capacity was one of the 
prime movers in the effort to supply the 
horough with water. Had his suggestions, 
however, been carried out, the water-works 
and reservoir would have been located above 
the present city limits. Mr. Beatty retired 
from a successful business life about 1850. 
He died at Harrisburg on the 10th of March, 
1862, aged eighty-one years, and is interred 
in tiie Harrisburg cemetery. He was an 
active, enterprising and upright Christian 
gentleman. Mr. Beatty was thrice married; 
married, first, May 18, 1815, by Rev. George 
Lochraan, D. D., Eliza White, daughter of 
William White, born Januarv 20, 1797 : died 
September 10, 1817. 

Mr. Beatty, married, secondly, November 
22, 1820, by Rev. George Lochman, D. D., 
Sarah Smith Shrom, daughter of Casper 
Shrom and Catharine Van Gundy, born Janu- 
ary 15, 1796, at York, Pa; died August 25, 

Mr. Beatty mariied, thirdly, September 21, 
1830, by Rev. Eliphalet Reed," Catharine 
Shrom, born December 26, 1807, at York, 
Pa.; died August 11, 1891, at Harrisburg, Pa. 

Gross, Abraham, was born December 24, 
1781, in Montgomery county, Pa., and died 
August 25, 1834, in Middle Paxton township, 
Dauphin county. Pa. He was a son of John 
Gross and Rachel Sahler. His father, John 
Gross, was born in November, 1749, in Wes- 
tern Massachusetts, not far from the Hudson 
river, where his parents were early settlers 
from the Palatinate, being of Huguenot de- 
scent. On the eve of the Revolution John 
Gross removed to now Montgomery county, 
Pa. He entered into the spirit of that con- 
test at the outset, and was commissioned 
first lieutenant January 5, 1776, in Col. Ar- 
thur St. Clair's (Second Pennsylvania) bat- 
talion ; subsequently promoted a captain in 
the Third Pennsylvania at its organization, 
which was formed on the basis of the former, 
but with several of his colleagues in St. 
Clair's battalion seems never to have ac- 
cepted the position, or, if thdy did, declined 
it shortly after, especially upon the resigna- 
tion of Col. Joseph Wood in July, 1777. 
After the close of the war he removed with 
his family to now Middle Paxton township, 
Dauphin county. Pa., where he lived the re- 
mainder of his days, dying January 2, 1828. 
Mr. Gross married, about 1778, Rachel Sah- 
ler, born in 1756. in Ulster county. New 
York; daughter of Abraham Sahler and 

Elizabeth Du Bois, of Huguenot extraction. 
She died August 16, 1828, and with her hus- 
band buried in the old cemetery at Dauphin. 

Ramsey, Thomas, was born near York, 
Pa., on the 15th of June, 1784. With a 
limited education acquired during his early 
years, he learned the trade of blacksmithing, 
at that period an important occupation. 
About 1806 he located at Hummelstown, 
Dauphin county, and there carried on busi- 
ness. In 1814 he was a corporal of Captain 
Moorhead's company of the First regiment. 
Colonel Kennedy, which marched to the 
defense of Baltimore. Mr. Ramsey died at 
Hummelstown on the 4th of May, 1826, at 
the age of forty-two years. He married 
Elizabeth Kelker, daughter of Henry Kelker 
and Elizabeth Greenawalt, of Lebanon, born 
September 8, 1791, and died at Harrisburg 
5th of February, 1858. Hon. Alexander 
Ramsey, former Secretary of War, is their 
son. Mr. Ramsey was an industrious, enter- 
prising citizen, patriotic, generous, and held 
in great esteem by his fellow-citizens. 

Catrell (Ketterell), William, was a 
native of the State of Maryland, where he 
was born in 1784. He learned the trade of 
shoemaker, and established himself in Har- 
risburg about 1805. During the war of 
1812-14 he served under General Pike in 
the Western Department. Subsequently he 
began merchandising, and successfully car- 
ried on business until the close of his life. 
March 23, 1835, he was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Ritner inspector of flour at Harris- 
burg, an office shortly after abolished. He 
served several years as a member of the bor- 
ough council of Harrisburg. He died at 
Harrisburg, April 7, 1848. He married, 
November 6, 1808, Letitia Wilson, sister of 
McNair Wilson, of Harrisburg, who sur- 
vived her husband only a few years. 
They left no issue. By his will Mr. Ca- 
trell left several bequests to the Zion 
Lutheran church, of which he was long an 
elder, one resulting in the founding of the 
Catrell library. His pastor, the Rev. Charles 
W. Schaeffer, D. D., late of Germantown, 
bears this noble testimony : " He was a man 
of very kindly, cheerful spirit, of pleasant 
manners, of good sound sense, and gener- 
ally well informed. As a business man he 
had been distinguished for his habits of 
order and diligence, and his sterling integ- 
rity of principle. His confession and main- 



tenance of his religious faith was modest, 
though positive and earnest, and in the 
highest^ degree sincere. He stood very high 
in the regard of all who knew him, and was 
deeply lamented in his death." 

Hamilton, Hugh, the son of John Hamil- 
ton and Margaret Alexander, was born at 
" Fermanagh," now in Juniata county. Pa., 
on the 30th of June, 1785. He received a 
careful preparatory education, and with his 
brother John was sent to Dickinson College, 
where he graduated. He studied law under 
Thomas Elder, and was admitted to the 
Dauphin county bar in 1805. At the time 
of his admission to the bar Judge Henry had 
ordered the prothonotary to issue commis- 
sions on parchment. Accordingly the de- 
scendants of the young lawyer have his com- 
mission " on parchment," issued 21st of June, 
1805, signed by " Joshua Elder, Pro'thy, by 
order of the court," with the seal of the 
county attached. In 1808 Mr. Hamilton 
edited and published The Times at Lancaster, 
and upon the removal of the seat of govern- 
ment to Harrisburg, with William Gillmor, 
The Harrisburg Chronicle, the leading and 
influential newspaper at the State capital for 
twenty years. The Chronicle was the first 
paper in Pennsylvania which gave full and 
systematic legislative reports. He died at 
Harrisburg, on the 3d of September, 1836, 
aged fifty-one years. Mr. Hamilton married, 
January 6, 1807, Rosanna, daughter of Adam 
Bovd and Jeannette MacFarlane, born De- 
cember 1, 1789, died April 17, 1872. They 
are both buried in the Harrisburg cemetery. 
Mr. Hamilton was a vigorous and polished 
writer, and his editorials were models of 
elegant composition. For a quarter of a 
century he wielded considerable political in- 
fluence through his newspaper. He was an 
active and enterprising citizen, twice chief 
burgess of the corporation of Harrisburg, 
frequently a member of council, and highly 
esteemed in social intercourse. 

Boas, Frederick, son of Rev. William 
Boas, was born at Reading, Pa., July 3, 1785. 
His parents were emigrants from Germany, 
and came over with the Muhlenbergs. 
Frederick learned the trade of a coppersmith 
and tin-plate worker at Reading, but com- 
menced business for himself at Kutztown. 
He came to Harrisburg in 1811, where he 
carried on his trade successfully. He was 
an enterprising citizen, and although quiet 

and unobtrusive, a representative man in 
the community. He died at Harrisburg, 
June 17, 1817, aged thirty-one years. Mr. 
Boas married. May 17, 1811, Elizabeth, 
daughter of David and Regina (Orth) 
Krause, who survived her husband many 
years, leaving two children: Frederick 
Krause and Elmina, who married William 

Boas, Jacob, son of the Rev. William Boas, 
was born at Reading, Pa., in 1786. He was 
brought up to mercantile pursuits and came 
to I-Iarrisburg in 1805, where he established 
himself in business. He served as a mem- 
ber of the borough council, and was com- 
missioned by Governor Snyder, February 6, 
1809, prothonotary and clerk of the Court of 
Quarter Sessions, and died while in office, on 
the 8th of October, 1815. Mr. Boas married 
Sarah, daughter of Jacob Dick, of Reading. 
They had five sons: William D., Jacob D., 
John, Augustus F., and Daniel D. 

Zimmerman, Henry, son of Peter and 
Mary (Beane) Zimmerman, was born Decem- 
ber 30, 1786, in Cumberland county. Pa. 
His boyhood days were passed among the 
scenes of farm life, familiar to the majority 
of farmer sons during that early period. 
Schools were then very little known of and 
less attended. The subject of this sketch is 
said to have spent only three months in all 
in what was then known as " pay school " or 
" select school." Upon reaching manhood 
he married Miss Barbara Griner, daughter of 
Philip and Barbara (Fishburn) Griner, who 
then resided on what is now known as the 
Newton Gray farm, in Lower Swatara town- 
ship, Dauphin county, Pa. Shortly after the 
marriage he moved near the home of his 
wife's parents, in Dauphin county, and set- 
tled upon a forty acre tract, adjoining that 
of her parents, which was given to her as 
her patrimony. He learned the trade of 
wagon making and pursued this business 
together with the farmingof this small tract, 
and while living here there were born to 
them the following children: Rebecca, Julv 
8,1810; Catherine, October 13,1811; Philip, 
November 22, 1812; Elizabeth, September 
14, 1814; Henry, May 16, 1816 ; 'George, 
February 11, 1819 ; Simon, January 8, 1821 ; 
Isaac, March 20, 1823 ; Mary, September 7, 
1824. On June 10, 1824, he purchased the 
farm known as the Kerr estate, adjoining 
this forty acre tract, and moved thereon with 



his family in the spring of 1825, and lived 
in the historic Old Spring House, still stand- 
ing at the " fork " of two creeks. While liv- 
ing here there were born to them the follow- 
ing children : Solomon, October 7, 1827 ; 
Valentine, May 19, 1829 ; and Maria, Janu- 
arj' 19, 1831. Here he established himself 
permanently and laid the foundation of the 
estate that has remained in the Zimmerman 
line of descent for nearly a century. He 
was one of the sturdy Jacksonian Democrats 
of that day, and was a highly esteemed citi- 
zen in the community. He died March 12, 
1839, and lies buried beside the remains of 
his wife in the old graveyard on what is now 
called the Newton Gray farm. 

Calder, William, eldest child of John 
Calder and Naomi Norris, was born in Belair, 
Harford county, Md., July 24, 1788. The 
father was a native of Scotland. William 
remained on the farm of his parents in Har- 
ford county until he was of age, when he 
removed to Baltimore, and soon thereafter to 
Lancaster, Pa. When the seat of govern- 
ment was removed from Lancaster to Harris- 
burg he came to the latter place, and resided 
there up to the time of his death. In 1817 
he married Mary Kirkwood, who was born 
in Armagh, Ireland, of Scotch-Irish parents, 
and emigrated to this country when seven 
years of age. Their children were John. 
Mary, wife of Wells Coverly, William, 
Matilda, wife of Charles A. Keller, and 
James. His wife died in 1858, and in 1860 
he married Margaret C. Walmer, of Dauphin 
county, by whom he had no issue. He died 
March 5, 1861, and of his children none now 
survive. Immediately upon leaving Harford 
county, Mr. Calder became interested in lines 
of stage-coaches and the United States mail 
service, and for fifty years this was his chief 
business. Up to the time of the sale of the 
public works of Pennsylvania he was asso- 
ciated with Alexander Wilson, of Lewistown, 
Jacob Peters, of Philadelphia, Silas Moore, of 
Hollidavsburg, and other gentlemen in the 
"Pioneer," "Good Intent," and "Express" 
companies for the transportation of passen- 
gers and mails by cars and canal packet- 
boats. He never lost his fondness for farm- 
ing and live-stock, and maintained several 
of the most fertile farms in Dauphin county. 
Enterprises for the development of the re- 
sources of the country and particularly the 
business of Harrisburg received his support. 
He built many houses, favored the introduc- 

tion of manufactures, and at the time of his 
death possessed an ample fortune. 

Wallace, Joseph, son of James Wallace 
and his wife Rachel Elder, was born in Pax- 
tang, March 29, 1786, and died February 22, 
1867, at Harrisburg. His mother was a niece 
of Rev. John Elder. Mr. Wallace received a 
good English education, and about the year 
1809 or 1810, we find him the manager of 
New Market Forge, Lebanon county, for John 
Elder, subsequently employed at Hope Fur- 
nace, in Lancaster county. He removed to 
Harrisburg prior to 1812, and with Joshua 
Elder entered into mercantile life ; afterwards 
in business alone for many years. In the 
war of 1812-14 he volunteered with the Har- 
risburg artillerists and marched as far as 
York. He served in the Harrisburg borough 
council and was treasurer a long term of 
years. He was quite prominent as an Anti- 
Mason, having been chairman of the State 
committee during the Ritner campaign, and 
afterwards appointed deputy secretary of the 
Commonwealth under that administration. 
For many years he was secretary and treas- 
urer of the Harrisburg Bridge Company, of 
the Middletown Turnpike Company and 
Peter's Mountain Turnpike Company. He 
was a gentleman of high moral character and 
worth, greatly esteemed in the community, 
and ever enjoyed their confidence and re- 
spect. Mr. Wallace married, May 28, 1816, 
Sarah Evans Cummins, born January 16, 
1787, in Chester county. Pa.; died August 21, 
1858, at Harrisburg, Pa., and with her hus- 
band there buried. 

Shunk, Gov. Francis Rawn, the son of 
John Shunk and Elizabeth Rawn, was born 
August 7, 1788, at the Trappe, Montgomery 
county. Pa. His father was the son of Fran- 
cis Shunk, who emigrated to America from 
the Palatinate, on the Rhine, in Germany, 
about the year 1715. His mother was the 
daughter of Casper and Barbara Rawn, also 
emigrants from the Palatinate. The mother 
of Francis Rawn Shunk was a woman dis- 
tinguished for her kindness and aflection, 
and the son ever spoke of her in terms of the 
most devoted attachment, and cherished her 
memory with filial piety. Her influence no 
doubt was greatly felt in the formation of 
his early character and its subsequent de- 
velopment. His father was a man of strong 
and stern mind, yet naturally facetious, and 
fond of indulging in this propensity. 



The parents of Francis R. were not able 
to furnish the means or spare his time to se- 
cure in the ordinary way even the rudi- 
ments of an education. Much of his child- 
hood and youth was devoted to manual 
labor. At the early age of fifteen he became 
a teacher, and soon after the instructor of 
the school at the village where he was born. 
From that time until 1812 he seems to have 
been employed as a teacher during the few 
months of the year the school continued, 
and the rest of the time as a laborer in the 
pursuits of agriculture. The intervals of 
toil were devoted to the improvement of his 
mind in every useful branch of study. In 
1812 he was selected by An drew Porter, then 
surveyor general under the administration 
of Governor Snj'der, to fill a clerkship in his 
department. While thus employed he com- 
menced and prosecuted the study of the law 
with Thomas Elder, of Harrisburg. In 1814 
he marched as a private, with many of his 
fellow-townsmen, to the defense of Baltimore. 
Soon after he was chosen first assistant, and 
then the principal clerk of the House of 
Representatives, and for many years per- 
formed with great fidelity the arduous duties 
of that ofHce. He was subsequently elected 
secretary of the board of canal commis- 
sioners, and served in that capacity during 
a period when the condition of our public 
improvements called for the most constant 
and strenuous efforts on the part of the com- 
missioners, and rendered the situation of 
their secretary anything but a sinecure. In 
1838 he was chosen by Governor Porter sec- 
retary of State. On retiring from that office 
he removed to Pittsburg, and engaged in the 
practice of the law. In 1844 he was called 
from his retirement by the voice of the 
people of the Commonwealth to fill the 
highest office in their gift. He so conducted 
his administration as their chief executive 
that he received from them the highest ex- 
pression of their confidence and regard by 
being re-elected with an increased majority, 
and that, too, against an opposing candidate 
uf the most estimable character, whose ex- 
alted virtues and worth were acknowledged 
by all. 

But he had scarcely entered upon the 
duties of his second term before he became 
the victim of a disease which in its early pro- 
gress excited apprehensions in the minds of 
his friends that it might prove fatal. The 
Governor himself, though conscious that his 
disease was deep-seated, yet seemed to cherish 

with confidence the hope that the vigor of 
his constitution and the skill of his physician 
would eventually restore him to health. It 
was not until the morning of the 9th of 
July, 1848, when a severe and copious hemor- 
rhage from the lungs took place, that he gave 
up entirely the hope of life and felt that his 
days were indeed numbered. Upon that 
day, being Sunday, he wrote a letter of 
resignation — the last public act of his life. 

His professional attainments, especially in 
the more abstract principles of law, were 
large, and as a counselor he had few superiors. 
But he shrunk from the personal collision 
its practice in the courts involved, and re- 
tired from the bar to engage in employments 
and studies more congenial with his taste. 

His administration as the chief magistrate 
of this Commonwealth shows that he was no 
novice in the great and fundamental princi- 
ples of government. His state papers indi- 
cate that he had deeply studied the ques- 
tions of policy involving the great interests 
of this Commonwealth and the country at 
large, that he had looked at their remote as 
well as immediate consequences, and con- 
templated their influence on the progress 
and advancement of the entire community 
tmder the fostering care of our free institu- 
tions as well as their adaptation to the mere 
accumulation of gain. The opinions which 
these papers contain commend themselves to 
our attention, not only for the candor with 
which they are expressed, but for the reasons 
by which they are sustained. 

Our common school system had a deep 
hold on the affections of his heart. He 
knew it had many imperfections, particu- 
larly as it was carried into operation in some 
of the rural districts ; he knew it was not 
accomplishing all that was desirable, but he 
believed it would yet work its way into the 
confidence of the people, and be itself the 
most efficient means of curing many of its 
defects. He rejoiced in the good it had 
effected, and with a generous enthusiasm 
exulted in the good it would effect. 

We should do signal injustice to the char- 
acter of Governor Shunk and omit one of 
the most important elements of his success 
in life if we did not refer to his moral as 
well as intellectual culture. He was a sin- 
cere, honest, upright man, pure in his pri- 
vate morals, and no less so in his public 
character. The political principles and pol- 
icy avowed in his state papers were sincerely 
entertained. They were not set forth, as 



some who knew him not and did not agree 
with him may erroneously suppose, to please 
the popular taste. He never courted popu- 
lar favor at the expense of sincerity and 
truth. The proverbial honesty of Governor 
Shunk was one principal cause of his popu- 
larity, both in public and private life. There 
were multitudes who did not properly esti- 
mate his intellectual worth, who did not 
adopt many of his political views, or did not 
belong to his political party, who yet be- 
lieved him to be an honest, upright man in 
whom they could confide, and on that ac- 
count gave him their support. 

SiMONTON, William, son of Dr. William 
Simonton and his wife Jean Wiggins, was 
born in 1788, in Hanover township, Dauphin 
county. Pa., and died May 17, 1846, in Han- 
over. At the death of his father he was 
only twelve years of age. His early educa- 
tion was received under the direction of his 
mother, and consisted of the branches usu- 
ally taught in the country schools of that 
period. As he was inclined to the medical 
profession, he studied Latin under the tui- 
tion of the Rev. James R. Sharon, pastor of 
Derry and Paxtang churches. After the 
usual preliminary instruction under a pri- 
vate preceptor, he studied medicine with Dr. 
Samuel Meyrick, of Middletown, afterwards 
attending lectures of the Medical Depart- 
ment, University of Pennsylvania, in Phila- 
delphia, from which he received the degree 
of M. D. In the distribution of property re- 
sulting from his father's death, the farm 
"Antigua " was equally divided between him 
and his brother, John W. Simonton. The 
latter occupied the homestead until his death 
in 1824, which occurred a few days previous 
to the death of his mother. After the erec- 
tion of the necessary buildings in 1818, he 
took possession of his new home, where the 
remainder of his life was spent. While his 
time was devoted to the practice of medicine, 
the farming operations were carried on under 
his superintendence. He always took an 
interest in political affairs, and was accus- 
tomed to act with the Whigs in opposition 
to the Democrats, who had retained posses- 
sion of the National Government from the 
election of Andrew Jackson in 1824. He was 
elected county auditor in 1823, serving three 
years, and in 1838 he was nominated as a 
candidate for (bngress from the district 
then composed of the counties of Dauphin 
and Lebanon, and was elected by a large ma- 

jority. He was re-elected in 1840. During 
the extra session of Congress, held in the 
summer of 1841, Dr. Simonton's health 
gave way. Having been accustomed to an 
active life and to exercise on horseback, 
strict attention to public business, with con- 
finement to the atmosphere of Washington 
during the heated term, so prostrated him 
physically that he was unable to attend re- 
gularly upon the sessions of 1842 and 1843. 
He never fully recovered his health, though 
he resumed his medical practice, which was 
continued nearly three years after the close 
of his congressional career. In person Dr. 
Simonton was five feet eleven inches in 
height, of good presence and proportions, 
with regular features and very black hair, 
which retained its color to the last. He was 
a modest, diffident man, but of a genial and 
friendly disposition. For some years pre- 
vious to his death he was an elder of old 
Derry church, and while in Washington a 
member of the Congressional prayer-meet- 
ing. He was a decided Presbyterian in his 
faith, and ever took a deep interest in the 
affairs of the denomination to which he be- 
longed. He was a strict observer of the 
Sabbath and of the services of the sanctuary. 
He maintained family worship, and was 
careful to give his children a religious train- 
ing. He acquired a good reputation as a 
physician, and for many years had an ex- 
tensive country practice. Dr. Simonton mar- 
ried Martha Davis Snodgrass, born 1790 ; 
died April, 1862; daughter of Rev. James 
Snodgrass, of Hanover. 

Porter, Gov. David Rittenhouse, the 
son of Andrew Porter, was born October 31, 
1788, near Norristown, Montgomery county, 
Pa. He received his early education at an 
academy in Norristown, where the branches 
of a good English education, mathematics 
and the elementary classical studies, were 
successfully taught. With his brothers 
George and James, he was here pursuing a 
course preparatory to entering Princeton 
College, when the buildings of that institu- 
tion were destroyed by fire, and the purpose 
of a collegiate course was abandoned. When 
the father was appointed surveyor general 
he took his son David with him to the seat 
of government as his assistant. While thus 
employed the son also studied law, with the 
intention of entering upon its practice at 
Harrisburg, but the labor and confinement 
of these double duties were too severe, and 



his health was so much impaired, as was 
thought, to preclude the possibility of his 
pursuing any sedentary employment. He 
decided, therefore, to seek more active occu- 
pation, and removed to the county of Hunt- 
ingdon, where he engaged in the manufac- 
ture of iron. 

The Messrs. Dorsey then owned that mag- 
nificent estate known as the Barree Forges. 
Mr. Porter was first employed by them for a 
year as a clerk, and during the following 
year was made manager of their works. 
Having thus acquired an acquaintance with 
the business, he embarked in it on his own 
account, in partnership with Edward Patton, 
on Spruce creek, but so great was the depres- 
sion into which all branches of manufactures 
fell for some years succeeding the war of 
1812 that their enterprise was not successful. 
He continued, however, through life to take 
a deep interest in all that related to the 

He was in 1819 elected a member of the 
Assembly from Huntingdon county, and was 
returned for the following year, having as a 
colleague John Scott, father of the present 
senator of the United States. 

On retiring from the "Legislature he was 
appointed by the governor prothonotary and 
clerk of the several courts of Huntingdon 
county, and to these were afterwards added 
the offices of recorder of deeds and register of 
wills. There was then little business in these 
offices, and the pecuniary returns were mea- 
ger. He had in 1820 married Josephine, 
daughter of William McDermott, who had 
emigrated from Scotland for the purpose of 
manufacturing steel bj' a new process and 
who was one of the pioneers in that art. 

In 18^6 he was elected a member of the 
State Senate from the district then composed 
of the counties of Huntingdon, Mifflin, Juni- 
ata, Perry and Union. The soundness of his 
judgment and the readiness of his under- 
standing made him an acknowledged leader. 
In 1838 Mr. Porter was elected governor 
of Pennsylvania, and in 1841 was re-elected 
by a majority almost four times as great as 
that given at his first election. His inaugu- 
ration as governor occurred on the 15th of 
January, 1839. 

Governor Porter took much interest in the 
success of the system of common schools then 
in its infancy, and having appointed Francis 
R. Shunk superintendent, devoted with him 
much time in resolving the numerous and 

difficult questions which theu came up from 
the county officers for decision. 

His efforts to sustain the credit of the State 
and to secure the payment of interest on the 
public debt drew upon him national atten- 
tion, and were frequently noticed in Europe, 
where many of the obligations of the State 
were held. By his recommendation the act 
of 1840 was passed, requiring the interest on 
the State debt to be paid in specie or its 
equivalent. One of his last acts as governor 
was the suppression of the riots which occur- 
red in Philadelphia in 1844, and the courage 
and decision displayed on his taking com- 
mand of the military in person were generally 
commended and long remembered by men of 
all parties. Both branches of the city coun- 
cil, then opposed to his administration, hon- 
ored him with an expression of their thanks, 
and a resolution unanimously passed by 
those bodies was presented to him in person, 
accompanied with an address by the mayor 
of the city. 

Having completed, in 1845, the longest 
term as governor allowed by the new Consti- 
tution, he retired from public life and re- 
turned to his favorite pursuit of making iron. 
The adaptation of anthracite coal to the 
manufacture of this metal was then almost 
unknown, and having given much reflection 
to the subject and made many practical 
experiments, he erected at Harrisburg, at a 
large cost, the first anthracite furnace built 
in that portion of the State. 

He was for many years the friend of the 
late President Buchanan, and the correspon- 
dence which they maintained for a long 
period shows how frequently that statesman 
consulted him on questions of national in- 
terest and how greatly he relied upon his 

There was another public man with whom 
his intimacy was even closer. Gen. Sam. 
Houston, of Texas, whose career as a military 
commander, an executive officer, and effective 
orator is yet fresh in the public recollection. 

Mr. Porter returned to his home in Harris- 
burg and contributed his mfluence to sustain 
the government in the fierce conflict which 
had commenced. He scouted the doctrine 
of secession. To encourage others he should- 
ered his musket at the age of more than 
seventy years, and with the young men of 
the town joined in military drill. He re- 
joiced greatly over the success of the Union 

During the winter of 1867, while attend- 



ing at night a meeting of his church, he con- 
tracted a severe cold. While others regarded 
the attack as light, he believed that it would 
prove fatal and began to prepare for the 
approaching change. During the succeeding 
summer he was able to walk out, but in the 
beginning of August his strength declined. 
With great composure and even cheerfulness 
he arranged several matters of business and 
conversed calmly of his approaching end. 
On the 6th of August, surrounded by several 
children and a devoted wife, his hands hav- 
ing been folded on his breast, he thanked 
those about him for their kindness and duti- 
fulness and composed himself as if to fall 
asleep. As one and another passage of 
Scripture was repeated he expressed his as- 
sent, until the pulse became still and the 
aged heart ceased to beat. He had passed 
away as gently as a child falls to sleep in its 
mother's arms. The public business was, at 
the request of the governor of the Common- 
wealth, generally suspended. Large num- 
bers of citizens came from every section of 
the State to pay to his memory the last sad 
tribute of their respect. 

Ayrks, William, son of John Ayres and 
Jane Lytle, of Scotch -Irish ancestry, was 
born December 14, 1788, at the eastern base 
of Peter's mountain, Dauphin county, where 
his grandfather (whose name he bore) had 
settled in October, 1773. The locality is 
noted as the commencement of the old road 
over the mountain. William was endowed 
with rare native energy and unfailing per- 
severance, but his opportunities for educa- 
tional improvement were meager indeed ; he 
was indeed self-educated. His first venture, 
apart from the business of his father's farm, 
was an engagement with James S. Espy, 
merchant at Harrisburg, in 1816. During 
his two years' residence there he married 
Mary Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Hon. 
Jacob Bucher, May 6, 1817. 

The next year he was induced to return 
to Peter's mountain, where he kept* the hotel 
at the crossing, assisted in conducting the 
farm, and became justice of the peace Decem- 
ber 13, 1819. He was elected major Second 
battalion of the Sixteenth regiment, and com- 
missioned February 22, 1822. 

Looking forward, however, to making the 
law his profession, he removed to Harrisburg 
in 1824, and resided along the river, just 
above the town. Here he acted as a justice 
both for the borough of Harrisburg and for 

Lower Paxtang and Susquehanna townships ; 
while at the same time he pursued his legal 
studies under Samuel Douglas, Esq., an 
eminent member 'of the Dauphin bar. 

He was admitted to practice May 3, 1826, 
and his private docket shows him to have 
been successful from the start. He had a 
very large acquaintance in the "Upper End," 
was able to speak German, and otherwise 
possessed many qualifications then valued 
and essential to practice with profit. The 
celebrated McElhenny murder case, in which 
he saved his client from the gallows, gave 
him a marked prominence. 

He was also attorney for various officers 
of the county, turnpike companies, etc. 

He was elected to the Legislature in 1888- 
34, and again for the session of 1834-35. 
During this time he was the coadjutor of 
Thaddeus Stevens in his great conflict against 
the powers of darkness and ignorance for 
the establishment of the common school 
system of 1834. The friendship of Ayres 
and Stevens here begun lasted through life. 

In 1839 William Ayres was elected to the 
town council, and the circumstance proved 
a fortunate one for Harrisburg. He at once 
brought his great energies to bear on a pro- 
ject for the introduction of Susquehanna 
water into the borough. The idea seemed 
so premature that it was deemed fanciful and 
impracticable. Nevertheless, he alone was 
the means of its accomplishment, which he 
did by borrowing funds from the United 
States Bank, of which he was then a 
director. Harrisburg received water in 
seven months' time from breaking ground, 
and this despite of much opposition from the 
old fogies. 

His directorship in the United States Bank 
(at Philadelphia) was at the invitation of 
the famous Nicholas Biddle, who presented 
him with stock and had him elected ; hav- 
ing selected him as " a country gentleman 
to complete the board of directors." 

Having thus embarked in pubic enter- 
prise, even to the great sacrifice of his legal 
practice, he next sought to obtain a free 
bridge over the river, but he could not ob- 
tain sufficient aid in subscriptions to buy 
out the old company. He was mainly in- 
strumental in getting up the new prison to 
replace the old jail. 

He was an active supporter of General 
Harrison for President, and the Harrison 
letters, still preserved, show that William 
Ayres was his confidential friend at the cap- 



ital of Pennsylvania. He had been also the 
advocate of Governor Ritner, whose confi- 
dential correspondence is also preserved. 

The successful introduction of water en- 
couraged him to attempt the formation of a 
gas company at Harrisburg, and having ob- 
tained an act of incorporation he went vig- 
orously to work, as was alwt^ys his way, and 
Harrisburg was lighted with gas. 

The incorporation of the Pennsylvania 
railroad, about 1846, was a project in which 
he was much interested, and he gave his 
time and services on the " Hill " gratuitously. 

By this time there was not a man in Cen- 
tral Pennsylvania more widely known for 
his spirit, energy and capacity in matters of 
public improvement. As a result he was en- 
gaged by the citizens of Huntingdon to lead 
a project in their coal region — the Hunting- 
don and Broad Top railroad. After securing 
the necessary legislation lie was elected pres- 
ident January 10, 1853. He was obliged to 
spend so much of his time at Huntingdon 
that he could only give the road a good start, 
but he left his completion to others. He re- 
linguished his position with honor, the com- 
pany voluntarily presenting him two thou- 
sand dollars in cash and stock. 

He immediately took up a more convenient 
enterprise, the Harrisburg and Hamburg 
railroad, a rival line to the Lebanon Valley 
railroad. He became president of the com- 
pany, obtained subscriptions and had the 
route surveyed, with the intention of begin- 
ning active operations in the spring of 1856. 
The winter of 1855-56 was devoted to office 
work by the engineers at Jonestown. 

But William Ayres' iron constitution was 
crumbling by the insidious action of heart 
disease. He was unable to give his own ac- 
tive dutj'or instill his own energy into others, 
and the railroad languished just when it 
should have progressed. 

Mr. Ayres died, after some months' illness. 
May 26, 1856. His fellow-citizens united 
with his associates of the bar in attesting the 
loss of one in whom the capital of Pennsyl- 
vania found her most enterprising citizen, 
ever ready to sacrifice for the public good, 
and one who, having many opportunities to 
have made himself rich, could never be 
tempted or bribed, proved unflinchingly 
honest and died poor. 

FoRSTER, John Montgomery, son of Col. 
Thomas Forster and his wife Sarah Pettit 
Montgomery, was born June 21, 1789, in 

Paxtang ; d. September 21, 1858, at Harris- 
burg, Pa. He passed his youth partly at 
Harrisburg and partly at Erie, where his 
father removed about 1799. He studied law 
with his uncle, Samuel Laird, at Harrisburg, 
and was admitted to the bar of Dauphin 
county, at May term, 1814. He marched 
with the volunteers from this section of the 
State to Baltimore, in 1814, and was elected 
or appointed brigade major of the brigade 
commanded by his uncle. Gen. John Forster. 
After his return, he practiced law at Harris- 
burg, and was deputy attorney general for 
the counties of Daupfiin and Lebanon, un- 
der the administration of Governor Hiester, 
Thomas Elder being attorney general. Upon 
the occasion of General Lafayette's visit to 
Harrisburg, he commanded tlie military. He 
was president of the Branch Bank of Penn- 
sylvania at Harrisburg, until it was discon- 
tinued. He represented this judicial district 
in the first Board of Revenue Commissioners, 
convened in 1844, to equalize taxation be- 
tween the several counties of the State, and 
was elected secretary of the board at the 
session of 1847 and 1850. In 1846 he was 
commissioned by Governor Shunk as presi- 
dent judge of the counties of Chester and 
Delaware, and served for several months in 
this capacity. Major Forster married Jen- 
nette Wright, born 1790, in Paterson, N. J.; 
died July 30, ]880, at Harrisburg, Pa., 
daughter of John Wright and Rose Cham- 

Albright, Mrs. Frances, daughter of 
Charles Gemberling, was born about 1789. 
Her father came to Harrisburg about 1793 
and established himself in business. Frances 
received an excellent education and on July 
20, 1809, married Lieut. Jacob W. Albright, 
of the U. S. army, who was then in the re- 
cruiting service at Harrisburg. Lieutenant 
Albright was appointed from Pennsylvania 
ensign of the First Infantry March 6, 1806 ; 
promoted second lieutenant November, 1807 ; 
first lieutenant August 26, 1812; district 
paymaster September 4, 1813; disbanded 
June 15, 1815 ; appointed paymaster Second 
Infantry July 9, 1816; resigned May 13, 
1823. He died at Erie about 1830. After 
the death of her husband, Mrs. Albright 
began teaching school, and until the estab- 
lishment of the common school system was 
quite successful. Subsequently she received 
the appointment of teacher in one of the 
public schools, where she remained until her 



advanced years compelled her to resign. 
Mrs. Albright was a conscientious and faith- 
ful teacher, and the writer of this brief 
sketch holds her memory in reverence as 
being his first tutor. Besides this, she was 
a strict Presbyterian of the old school, .ex- 
emplary in her faith and belief. She died 
at Harrisburg, October 13, 1862, aged about 
seventy-three years. 

Hays, Samuel Wallace, was born Octo- 
ber 30, 1790, at Newville, Cumberland 
county. Pa.; died May 18, 1855, at Harris- 
burg, Pa. He received the education so 
freely given by the Scotch-Irish to their 
children. He came to Harrisburg in 1821, 
where he resided until 1825, when he went 
to Philadelphia, returning to the former 
place in 1828, which from that period be- 
came his permanent home. Mr. Hays then 
began business, which he successfully carried 
on until a few years prior to his death. He 
was an earnest, laborious worker in his 
church (Presbyterian), of which he was one 
of the ruling elders from 1840 to his decease. 
For a period of twenty -seven years he was 
superintendent of the first infant Sunday- 
school, which he organized in 1828, in Har- 
risburg, and only relinquished its care when 
failing health compelled him to give up his 
charge. The Rev. Dr. Robinson bears this 
testimony of him : " I remember him as a 
quiet, modest man and patient sufferer. The 
little I knew of him endeared him to me. 
. . . He was a warm friend and lover of 
the young, kind and genial in his intercourse 
with them, and an admirable teacher." Mr. 
Hays married, September 2, 1834, Margaret 
Rebecca Moore, born August 7, 1806 ; died 
February 8, 1851, at Harrisburg, Pa.; daugh- 
ter of Archibald Moore and Rebecca Junkin, 
of Locust Grove, MifHin county. Pa. 

Bell, William, was born at Jaysburg, 
Pa., in 1790. His education was limited, and 
was in early life, owing to the accidental 
death of his father by drowning, apprenticed 
to the trade of a carpenter. He came to 
Harrisburg during the erection of the capitol, 
and was employed by Mr. Hills until its com- 
pletion. He carried on the business until 
1829, when he established a grocery, which 
he conducted until his death. He served 
frequently as a member of the borough 
council, and took a deep interest in the 
prosperity of his adopted home. He died at 
Harrisburg, on the 20th of May, 1847, aged 

fifty-seven years. Mr. Bell married, in 1819, 
Elizabeth Hutman,daughter of Matthias and 
Catharine Hutman ; born in 1792 ; died Feb- 
ruary 28, 1868, at Harrisburg. Their children 
were Catharine, George, William, Maria, 
married Edward Curzon, Ann, and Elizabeth. 

Awl, Jacob Michael, son of Jacob Awl 
and Sarah Stroh, was born February 24, 
1792, in Paxtang. He was a grandson of 
the preceding early settler. His father dying 
in his infancy, he was raised on the farm of 
his maternal grandfather, Michael Stroh. In 
early life he settled in Harrisburg, where he 
spent the remainder of his days, dying 
there on the 5th of September 1849 ; was 
long a leading member of the Methodist 
church ; at the time of his death the Demo- 
cratic Union said he was "a gentleman of 
the purest piety and strictest integrity in all 
his intercourse with his fellow men;" while 
the Keystone stated that " no man enjoyed in 
a higher degree the confidence and respect 
of the community" — that " his life had been 
a continual exemplification of what the walk 
and conversation of a Christian should be." 
Mr. Awl served as a solder in the war of 
1812-14. He married, April 27, 1824, Fanny 
Horning, born February 17, 1803; died July 
12, 1869, at Harrisburg. 

Stewart, David, born October 30, 1792, in 
Hanover township, Dauphin county, and 
died May 29, 1869, at Coleraine Forges, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa.; buried in the Spruce 
Creek cemetery at Graysville. He was twenty- 
one years of age at the time of the exodus of 
the family from Hanover to Centre county in 
1813. He became the general manager at 
Pennsylvania Furnace, and subsequently 
entered the firm under the title of Shorb, 
Stewart & Co., which was synonymous with 
that of Lyon, Shorb & Co., Pittsburgh, manu- 
facturers of the famed Juniata iron. Mr. 
Stewart was, undoubtedly, the most promi- 
nent and wealthy member of this large family ; 
resided at Coleraine Forges, Huntingdon 
county, from 1831 until his death. His 
house was noted for its elegant and liberal 
hospitality. In person he was large and im- 
posing, showing traits of his Scotch ancestry, 
and was the last of his father's family, a long 
lived race, and it may be noted that from the 
birth of .his eldest brother, Robert, to the date 
of his own death, embraced a period of nearly 
one hundred years. He married, May 22, 
1822,Sarah Walker, daughter of John Walker 



and Ann, bis wife, of Alexandria, Hunting- 
don county. Pa., originally from county Stra- 
bane in the nortb of Ireland. She was born 
September 23, 1799, and died at Coleraine 
Forges, April 24, 1874, having survived her 
husband, by whose side she now lies buried. 

BucHER, John Conrad, was born Decem- 
ber 28, 1792; died October 26, 1851. In 
early life was engaged in merchandising; 
in 1830 elected to represent Dauphin and 
Lebanon counties in the Twenty-second 
Congress of the United States ; a[)pointed 
by Governor Porter, in 1839, an associate 
judge of the courts of Dauphin county, 
which office he held for twelve years. 
He was a man of enlarged views and of 
public spirit, unsullied reputation and un- 
impeachable integrity, engaged in all the 
public enterprises of his day, and held 
various positions of honor and responsi- 
bility. Many years a school director and 
president of the board of education of his 
native city, Harrisburg. A member and an 
officer of the German Reformed congregation 
at home, he was one of the leading laymen 
in the ecclesiastical councils of the church ; 
treasurer of one of its boards and of its theo- 
logical seminary. Judge Bucher married, 
January 17, 1820, Ellen Isett, daughter of 
Jacob Isett, of Huntingdon county, Pa. ; 
born September 10, 1797 ; died March 6, 
1881 ; both buried in Harrisburg cemetery, 
of which he was one of the founders. 

He was a man of much energy of char- 
acter in whatever business he engaged. Dur- 
ing the war of 1812-14 he went as fifer in 
Captain Walker's company, which marched 
to the defense of Baltimore, and in his old 
age served as a volunteer for the defense of 
Harrisburg when, in 1863, it was threatened 
by General Lee. He frequently was a mem- 
ber of the borough council, and took a deep 
interest in the prosperity of his adopted 
town. He died at Harrisburg September 28, 
1863. Mr. Holraan married, in 1822, Sarah, 
daughter of Daniel Hertz and Elizabeth Eis- 
ner; born at Harrisburg, December 5, 1800, 
and there died October 22, 1863. They had 
five children living at the time of their death : 
Ann Elizabeth, married Samuel Alleman, 
Hev.Samuel Augustus, William Simon, Mary 
Ellen, married Dr. A. L. Alstead, and Sarah 
Frances, married George A. Klugh. 

HoLMAN, Samuel, son of Conrad Holman, 
Jr., and Rachel Guss, was born in Chester 
county, Pa., January 11 , 1793. Conrad Hol- 
man, Sr., the grandfather, was born in New 
Castle county, Del., in 1738, and died at the 
residence of his son in Perry county. Pa., in 
1822. Conrad, Jr., born in Chester county in 
1768, died in Perry county in 1841 ; he mar- 
ried Rachel, daughter of Charles Guss and 
Mary Shunk. Samuel learned the trade of 
house carpenter, and came to Harrisburg 
after his majority, where he successfully pur- 
sued his business and was widely known as 
a builder and architect. Among the public 
works constructed under his supervision and 
according to plans were bridges over the Sus- 
quehanna at Clark's Ferry and Harrisburg, 
and over the Schuylkill river at Schuylkill 
Falls. He was the architect for the court 
houses at Lewistown and Harrisburg. For 
several years he was supervisor of the public 
works between Columbia and Millerstown. 

Cameron, John, son of Charles Cameron 
and Martha Pfoutz, was born February 8, 
1797, in the village of Maytown, Lancaster 
county, Pa. He received the ordinary edu- 
cation of the public schools of the town, and 
at an early age apprenticed to the trade of a 
tailor. He came to Harrisburg in 1816, 
where he started in business. Governor 
Shulze appointed him register and recorder 
of the county of Dauphin, January 17, 1824. 
He was frequently chosen member of the 
borough council of Harrisburg. He subse- 
quently engaged in merchandizing, dealt 
largely in cattle, and became interested in 
the through stage lines. In 1837 he re- 
moved to Lancaster, retired from business, 
and died there May 7, 1841; buried at Har- 
risburg. Mr. Cameron was twice married — 
first, to Catharine Hutman, daughter of 
Matthias Hutman, of Harrisburg, born Sep- 
tember 1, 1796, died November 1, 1821 ; sec- 
ondly, to Mary Shulze, of Myerstown, Leb- 
anon county, a sister of Gov. John Andrew 
Shulze. He left a son and a daughter; the 
former died early, the latter became the wife 
of Dr. Muhlenberg, of Lancaster. Mr. Cam- 
eron was quiet and unobtrusive, an intelli- 
gent and enterprising business-man. 

Herr, Col. Daniel, was born on the 14th 
of December, 1795, at Hagerstown, Md. His 
ancestors were among the first settlers in 
Lancaster county, Pa., from whence the 
family name has become wide-spread. 
Daniel learned the trade of a house carpenter, 



an occupation he pursued several years. 
During the last war with Great Britain he 
was lieutenant colonel of a volunteer regi- 
ment in active service. In later life he fol- 
lowed hotelkeeping. He kept the Tremont 
House at Philadelphia, the Mansion House 
at Eeading, and that famous hostelry, Herr's 
Hotel, now the Locliiel, at Harrisburg. He 
was a prominent member of the Masonic 
fraternity, and during the Anti-Masonic 
crusade never swerved from his allegiance 
to the fraternity, being master of his lodge 
from 1835 to 1838, inclusive. He was a man 
pure in purpose, amiable, kind, and generous 
hearted, yet firm and decided as to opinions 
and duty. He died at Harrisburg, sincerely 
regretted, on the 11th of July, 1857, in his 
sixty-second year. Colonel Herr married, 
February 15, 1820, in Gettysburg, Pa., Sarah 
Gilbert, daughter of Boise Gilbert and 
Susanna Fox, born February 14, 1801, and 
died April 13, 1880, at Harrisburg. Their 
children were George Isaiah, d. s. p. ; John 
Davenport, married Jane Nanc}^ Sutton ; 
Margaret Ann, married, first, Peter Nagle 
Coleman, second, George Leonard; Amelia 
Matilda, married John Peter Hassler ; An- 
drew Jackson ; Jacob Gilbert, married Mary 
Taylor; Susanna, married Dr. Jacob G. 
Witstling; Sarah Isabella, married George 
Z. Kunkel ; Daniel B.; William Henrj^ Har- 
rison, d. s. p.; Mary Elizabeth, married 
Charles Lipps ; Louisa Irene, married Charles 
A. Bannvart. 

Burke, Michael, was born on the 29th of 
September, 1797, in Templetrathen, county 
Tipperary, Ireland. Having received a lib- 
eral education, he left his native land in his 
eighteenth year for Newfoundland, where an 
uncle was extensively engaged in the fish- 
eries off that coast. There he remained 
only a brief period, being eager to reach the 
United States. His first destination was Lock- 
port, N. Y., where he secured a position as 
bookkeeper for a prominent contractor. He 
here gained his first idea of a business which 
he subsequently successfully followed. In 
1824 he secured a contract on the Erie canal, 
and upon its completion went to Akron, 0., 
to construct a section of the canal at that 
place. From thence he came to Pennsylva- 
nia, that State being largely engaged in per- 
fecting her system of internal improvements, 
and a wide field for Mr. Burke's business 
energies was open before him. Securing the 

contract for that portion of the Juniata di- 
vision of the Pennsylvania canal between 
Mexico and Lewistown in 1829, he fixed his 
permanent home at Harrisburg. Identify- 
ing himself with the business and welfare of 
the town of his adoption, he was chosen to 
the borough council, and in the establish- 
ment of the first system of water works took 
an active and warm interest. During a por- 
tion of this period he was president of the 
legislative body of the town, and on several 
occasions became personally responsible for 
the payment of loans secured for the con- 
struction of the water works. Upon the 
completion of the through transportation to 
Pittsburgh by the Pennsylvania canal, Mr. 
Burke, with several others, commenced a 
packet line from Philadelphia to the former 
place, he having his ofiice at Harrisburg. 
He also became interested in the Portable 
line, in which enterprise, however, he sus- 
tained a loss of thirty-five thousand dollars ; 
but not discouraged, he continued in other 
business ventures. The first or pioneer blast 
furnace erected at Harrisburg was by Mr. 
Burke and Governor Porter. It was erected 
along the line of the Pennsylvania canal 
above State street. While in successful 
operation several years, Mr. Burke withdrew 
from the firm, owing to his connection with 
some contracts on the various railroads then 
building in the State. He constructed por- 
tions of the Pennsylvania road between Har- 
risburg and Pittsburgh, and on the Northern 
Central, between Harrisburg and York. He 
had heavy contracts in Massachusetts and 
New Hampshire, and was also engaged, in 
the construction of reservoirs, building one 
at Baltimore, Md., in 1860, and was engaged 
in the erection of one in the city of Wash- 
ington at the time of his death. He died at 
Harrisburg on the 15th of August, 1864, in 
his sixty-seventh year. Few men have ex- 
hibited more public spirit than Mr. Burke, 
and during his entire residence at Harris- 
burg he was held in the highest esteem by 
his fellow citizens, who admired his energy 
and remarkable business capacity. To those 
who knew him best he was kind, obliging, 
genial, and noble-hearted. Mr. Burke mar- 
ried, on April 6, 1824, Mary A. Finley, of 
Lockport, N. Y. Their children among 
others have been: William (deceased), John 
Michael (deceased), George Washington, Jose- 
phine, married James Brady, and Martina, 
married Edward P. Kearns. 



Rehrer, Thomas Jefferson, only son of 
Godfried Rehrer and Eva Leiss, was born 
November 8, 1797, near Rehrersburg, Berks 
county, Pa. His grandfather, Godfried Rehrer 
or Roher, settled there at an early day. Dur- 
ing the French and Indian war his residence 
was on the direct road to the frontier settle- 
ments. He married Magdalena Etchberger, 
and their son, Godfried Rehrer, born 1769, 
represented Berks county in the Legislature 
in 1817, 1820 and 1823. ' Thomas J. received 
a good education, was brought up to a mer- 
cantile life, but subsequently retired to his 
farm. While engaged in farming he was 
elected a member of the Legislature, in which 
he served two terms. At the close of the 
last session be removed to Harrisburg, hav- 
ing accepted a clerkship in the Land Office of 
the Commonwealth. He remained in that 
department, with the exception of two inter- 
vals of three years each, until 1866, filling 
the position of deputy or chief clerk under 
the several organizations of the office. His 
long service there made him unusually 
familiar with the business, and its bearing* 
on the land interests of the State, together 
with his faithful attention to the duties, was 
appreciated and recognized by ail who had 
business to transact in the survevor general's 
office. He died February 28, 18"72, al Phila- 
delphia. Mr. Rehrer married Salome Weiser, 
daughter of John Weiser and Elizabeth An- 
spach, born January 3, 1799, on the Conrad 
Weiser farm, about twelve miles west of 
Reading. She died October 30, 1842, at Har- 
risburg, and is there buried. The children 
were: Clementine M., Clara S., married Dr. 
George Dock, of Harrisburg, Miranda E., 
married Lewis G. Osbourn, of Philadelphia, 
and Erasmus Godfrev. 

Kendig, Martin, son of John Kendig, 
was born December 31, 1797, in Suubury, 
Northumberland county, Pa., died August 
28, 1850, near Middletown, Pa. After receiv- 
ing a fair education, he learned the trade of 
saddle and harness making at Harrisburg, 
and, upon attaining his majority, established 
the business at Middletown, carrying on, 
with his brother Daniel, the lumber trade. 
Subsequently, in company with thelatter and 
Judge Murray, erected a large saw mill at the 
mouth of the Swatara, and established an 
extensive business. He served as one of the 
auditors of the county from 1826 to 1828, 
and represented Dauphin county in the 
Legislature from 1837 to 1839. Mr. Kendig 

was an enterprising citizen, and a gentleman 
of probity and worth, highly esteemed in 
the community, and influential in public af- 
fairs. He was thrice married ; married, 
first, June 15, 1820, Rebecca McFarland, of 
Lower Paxtang township, Dauphin county. 
Pa.; b. June 28, 1800 ; died April 1, 1831. 

Harris, George Washington, was born 
June 23, 1798, in the old ferry house, now 
the location of Harris Park school house. 
He was a son of Robert Harris, who was a 
son of John Harris, the founder of the city 
of Harrisburg, and grandson of John Harris, 
the first settler. His mother was Elizabeth 
Ewing, daughter of the celebrated Rev. John 
Ewing, D. D., provost of the University of 
Pennsylvania. Mr. Harris' early education 
was received at the old Harrisburg Academy 
and the select schools of the day. Subse- 
quently he went to Dickinson, Jefferson and 
the University of Pennsylvania, graduating 
at the latter institution. He studied law, 
and was admitted to the Dauphin county 
bar in 1820. He remained at Harrisburg 
several years, during a portion of which 
period he served as deputy attorney general 
for the county of Dauphin. He afterwards 
removed to Philadelphia and entered into 
law partnership with Calvin Blythe. He 
returned to Harrisburg and resumed his 
place at the Dauphin county bar, and was 
appointed reporter of the Supreme Court of 
Pennsylvania, publishing a series of volumes 
of report. For a number of years he filled 
the position of secretary to the library com- 
mittee of the United States Senate. Mr. 
Harris recently edited the journal of Mr. 
Maclay, one of the first United States sen- 
ators from Pennsylvania. He died at Har- 
risburg Sunday morning, August 13, 1882. 
Mr. Harris married Elizabeth Mary, daughter 
of Dr. Henry Hall and Hester Maclay, daugh- 
ter of Senator Maclay ; his wife surviving him 
at near fourscore. 

Cameron, Gen. Simon, son of Charles 
Cameron and Martha Pfoutz, was born 
March 8, 1799, at Maytown, Lancaster 
county, Pa. On the paternal side he is de- 
scended from the clan Cameron, of Scotland, 
who shared their fortunes with the unfortu- 
nate Charles Edward, whose star of hope 
sunk on the field of Culloden. Donald Cam- 
eron, his great-grandfather, was a partici- 
pant in that memorable battle, and having 
escaped the carnage made his way to Amer- 



ica, arriving about 1745^46. He afterwards 
fought under the gallant Wolfe upon the 
Heights of Abraham, and during the war 
with France was in continuous service. His 
grandfather, Simon Cameron, was an early 
associator in the Revolution, and took the 
oath of allegiance June 1, 1778 ; a brother 
Jolin signed the same day. Of the latter 
General Bingham, of Philadelphia, is a 
grandson. On the maternal side he is de- 
scended from Conrad Pfoutz, an emigrant 
from the Palatinate, Germany. He settled 
in Lancaster county, and Pfoutz's Valley, in 
now Perry county, perpetuates the name of 
a hero of the border warfare of Pennsylvania 
in the days when the treacherous Delawares 
and perfidious Shawanese sought to desolate 
the homes of the earl^' pioneers of our State 
— John Pfoutz. Charles Cameron and Mar- 
tha Pfoutz had a large faniily, yet a remark- 
able one, and the history of our country 
gives but few instances of the successful 
career of an entire family, among whom the 
subject of this sketch is the most prominent. 

When young Cameron was about the age 
of nine years his parents removed to North- 
umberland county, where his father shortly 
afterwards dying, he was early cast upon 
his own exertions. There were then few ad- 
vantages afforded by public schools, and 
his educational facilities were exceedingly 
limited. Having an unquenchable fondness 
for books, young Cameron was able to per- 
ceive no other means so likely to satiate his 
appetite as a printing office, it seeming to 
him the chief center of thought in the com- 
munity in which destiny had fixed his lot. 
He therefore entered, in 1816, as an appren- 
tice to the printing business with Andrew 
Kennedy, editor of the Northumberland 
County Gazette, at Northumberland, where 
he continued one year, when his employer, 
owing to financial reverses, was obliged to 
close his establishment. Being thus thrown 
out of employment, he made his way by 
river boat and on foot to Harrisburg, where 
he secured a situation in the printing office 
of James Peacock, editor of the Republican, 
with whom he remained until he had at- 
tained his majority. 

In January, 1821, he went to Doylestown, 
Pa., at the solicitation of Samuel D. Ingham, 
where he published the Bucks County Mes- 
senger. As editor of this paper he evinced a 
breadth of information which, in view of his 
limited advantages, seemed astonishing. In 
March of the same year he entered into part- 

nership with the publisher of the Doylestown 
Democrat, and the firm merged their papers 
into the Bucks County Democrat, which pub- 
lication was continued until the close of the 
year 1821, when the establishment passed 
into the hands by purchase of Gen. W. T. 
Rodgers. The succeeding winter Mr. Cam- 
eron spent in the office of Messrs. Gales & 
Seaton, publishers of the National Intelli- 
gencer, at Washington, as a journeyman 
printer. He returned to Harrisburg in 1822, 
and entered into partnership with Charles 
Mowry in the management of the Pennsyl- 
vania Intelligencer, then the organ of the 
Democratic party at the State capital, and 
enjoyed the official patronage of the State 
administration, and was elected one of the 
printers to the State, a position he held seven 
years. Having been the early friend and 
suppdrter of Governor Shulze, upon his ceas- 
ing to be State printer, he was honored by 
that executive with the appointment of ad- 
jutant general of Pennsylvania, the duties 
of which office he discharged with ability 
"and to the satisfaction of the public. 

General Cameron at an early period took 
a deep interest in the development of inter- 
nal improvements, and took extensive con- 
tracts upon the Pennsylvania canal, then in 
process of construction. Ih 1826 he began 
building the section between Harrisburg and 
Sunbury, and after this was well under way 
he took one or two sections on the western 
division of the canal. When Louisiana gran ted 
a charter to the State Bank of that Common- 
wealth, it provided that the bank should build 
a canal from Lake Pontchartrain to New Or- 
leans. General Cameron took the contract 
for that great work, which was then regarded 
by engineers as the greatest undertaking of 
the time. In 1831 he started for New Or- 
leans. He employed twelve hundred men in 
Philadelphia, and sent them by sea to that 
city. He, with his engineers and tools, went 
down the Mississippi river, embarking at 
Pittsburgh. He spent nearly half a year 
upon the work, and demonstrated beyond a 
doubt its entire feasibility. He was recalled 
from his work on the Lake Pontchartrain 
canal by a summons from Major Eaton, Sec- 
retary of War under General Jackson, who 
requested him to return to Pennsylvania and 
organize a delegation to the National Con- 
vention, which had been called to meet in 
Baltimore. This was in the interest of Mar- 
tin Van Buren for the Vice-Presidency. Cal- 
houn had served eight years, had quarreled 



with General Jackson during his second term, 
and had otherwise put himself in antagonism 
to the prevailing popularity of Jackson. Gen- 
eral Cameron respected the summons, came 
home and organized a delegation that went 
to Baltimore in the interest of Mr. Van Buren 
for the Vice-Presidency. This was the first 
National Convention ever held in the United 
States. Mr. Cameron was requested to accept 
the permanent chairmanship of that conven- 
tion, but declined, and a gentleman from 
North Carolina was selected. 

After the National Convention in Balti 
more he was appointed a visitor to West 
Point by General Jackson, and upon per- 
forming his duties on the Hudson he made 
his first trip to New England. He went with 
a brother of Bishop Potter, of Pennsylvania, 
and thoroughly inspected the paper mills 
and other manufactures of that section. 

In the winter of 1832 the Legislature char- 
tered the bank at Middletown, and he be- 
came its cashier. From the first the bank 
was successful, but the duties of cashier were 
so limited that General Cameron sought 
other fields of labor and usefulness, although 
he remained there twenty-five years. He 
projected and created the railroads from Mid- 
dletown to Lancaster, from Harrisburg to 
Sunbury, from Harrisburg to Lebanon, and 
at the same time gave large encouragement 
to the Cumberland Valley railroad. And 
in this connection it may be stated that the 
Northern Central railroad from Harrisburg 
to Baltimore was captured by him from Bal- 
timore interests and made a Pennsylvania 
institution; and he was atone time president 
of not less than four corporations, all operat- 
ing lines within a few miles of the spot where 
he was born. 

In 1838 President Van Buren tendered to 
General Cameron the appointment of a com- 
missioner with James Murraj'^, one of the 
most respected citizens of Maryland, under a 
treaty with the Winnebago Indians to settle 
and adjust the claims made against the In- 
dians by the traders. These claims were for 
goods furnished the Indians during a long 
period of years, and the sum appropriated 
by the treaty was three hundred thousand 
dollars. In many cases the commissioners 
found the claims of the traders unjust, and 
every account allowed by them met with the 
approbation of the commissioner appointed 
by the Indians. In the settlement of some 
of the claims, the aggregate amount having 
been reduced from over a million to about 

two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, the 
traders refused to accept the award and went 
to Washington with charges against the com- 
missioners. It had been the usual custom 
to give the entire appropriation to the claim- 
ants, but this course did not allow of any di- 
vision. The charges were met by a demand 
from the commissioners for re-examination, 
which resulted in the appointment of a new 
commission the next year, under whose di- 
rection the Indians were assembled in coun- 
cil, who approved by a united vote of their 
council the entire acts of Messrs. Cameron 
and Murray, and the account thus adjudged 
was paid by the Government. 

In 1845, when James K. Polk tendered the 
State Department to James Buchanan, and 
that gentleman resigned his seat in the Sen- 
ate of the United States, an election to sup- 
ply the vacancy became necessary. General 
Cameron was at this time in recognized sym- 
pathy with the Democratic party, and selected 
as the representative of the wing of the party 
which favored the policy of a protective 
tariff. The regular caucus nominee of the 
Democracy, however, was George W. Wood- 
ward, which was regarded as a free trade tri- 
umph, rendering it possible for some other 
Democrat known to be honestly devoted to 
the ever-cherished policy of the State to be 
elected by a union of the Whigs, Americans, 
and those Democrats in favor of the protec- 
tive policy. The result was the election of 
Simon Cameron to the United Stales Senate. 
From March, 1845, to March 4, 1849, he 
served his State faithfully in that body, and 
proved himself true to the greatest interests 
committed to ins charge, and he never wearied 
in the support of the principles on which he 
was elected. It may be here stated that Pres- 
ident Polk at the first seemed inclined to ig- 
nore Mr. Cameron, declaring his election to 
the Senate as having been outside the party 
organization, but this treatment he found to 
his cost was not conducive to his own peace 
of mind, sent for General Cameron, made a 
truce with him, and there was never any 
more trouble. 

In the winter of 1857 the entire opposition 
members of the Legislature, consisting of 
Whigs, Native Americans, and Tariff-Men, 
selected General Cameron as their candidate 
to fill the place of Senator Brodhead, whose 
term of service expired on the 4th of March 
that year. The Democratic caucus nomi- 
nated Col. John W. Forney, then the inti- 
mate friend of President Buchanan, who had 



written a letter to the Legislature naming 
him as his choice for the senatorship, al- 
though a large portion of the party were in 
favor of Henry D. Foster, who was an out- 
spoken tariff man. The united votes of the 
opposition, with three Democratic votes, two 
from Schuylkill and one from York, in which 
counties General Cameron possessed great 
strength and popularity on account of his 
firm devotion to their industrial interests, 
were cast in his favor, and he was elected for 
the full term. He took his seat in the Senate 
on the 4th of March, notwithstanding the 
futile assault made by his colleague from 
Pennsylvania, Mr. Bigler, upon his title to 
the place, and which that body refused to 
consider. General Cameron's return to the 
United States Senate brought him again 
prominently before the public, and in the 
political movements which preceded the 
campaign of 1860 he was named as the choice 
of Pennsylvania for the Presidency; and his 
name early associated with that of Mr. Lin- 
coln in connection with the Republican na- 
tional ticket. 

General Cameron's national career began 
at the Chicago convention in 1860, when the 
Republican party, crystallized into a national 
organization, made its open, clear, and stern 
antagonism to slavery. With intuitive sa- 
gacity the advocates of slavery recognized 
in the Republican party the force which 
would ultimately overthrow it, and men like 
General Cameron were recognized as the 
leaders of that force. There was no mistak- 
ing the measure on which it entered on the 
canvas in 1860. When Mr. Lincoln was 
nominated General Camerom made himself 
felt in such a manner as to win the confi- 
dence of that illustrious statesman. After 
the great political battle of that year, General 
Cameron was the first of those to whom Mr. 
Lincoln turned for counsel, and the offfer of 
a cabinet office by the latter to the former 
was a voluntar_y act, and that appointment 
would have been made the first in the selec- 
tion of his cabinet had not intrigues inter- 
fered to defer it at the time. Mr. Lincoln 
looked on General Cameron from first to 
last not only as his political, but his warm 
personal friend, and there were no such rela- 
tions existing between the President and his 
other constitutional advisers. This fact was 
well known when the cabinet was organized. 
While he was in the War Department his 
counsel was not only potential in cabinet 
meetings, but was sought by the President 

in private, and heeded in such a marked 
manner as to create a feeling of hostility, 
which caused the President much unpleas- 
antness. Then, too, believing that the Civil 
war would require all the available resources 
of the Nation to preserve the Union, doubt- 
ing the speedy settlement of the trouble, he 
began as Secretary of War a scale of prepa- 
rations to combat it which puzzled the oldest 
officers in the army and chagrined the leaders 
of the Rebellion, who had calculated much 
on the supineness and lethargy of the North- 
ern people. General Cameron frustrated 
this hope by his energy, but he had the cabi- 
net to a man against him. When he sought 
to furnish the necessary supplies for the 
armj'^ he was met by sickly sentimentality 
about settling the war in diplomacy. The 
Confederates resorted to the ruse of diplo- 
macy by means of commissioners for the 
purpose of retarding this activity, but at 
the same time General Cameron was filling 
up the arsenals which had been dispoiled by 
the former Secretary of War, thus supplying 
the army with huge quantities of ordinance 
and commissary and quartermasters' stores, 
etc. Such work naturally attracted the at- 
tention of the sordid, excited the timid, 
aroused the jealous, and confounded the sus- 
picious. The minister who thus labored to 
equip his country for a struggle with trea- 
son, the proportions of which he alone 
seemed fully to appreciate, was assailed for 
each and all of these acts. Mr. Lincoln had 
the fullest confidence in his Secretar}' of 
War ; he believed in his sagacity aiid relied 
on his courage, but he could not wholly 
withstand the clamor, the outgrowth of 
cowardice on the one side and the cunning 
greed of adventurers on the other, so that 
General Cameron, to relieve Mr. Lincoln 
from embarrassment, resolved to resign, and 
on January 11, 1862, returned the portfolio 
of the War Department to the President; 
but in that act he commanded the renewed 
confidence of Mr. Lincoln, who the day he 
accepted his resignation nominated the re- 
tiring minister for the most important diplo- 
matic mission in his gift. Nor was this all ; 
Mr. Lincoln insisted that General Cameron, 
should name his own successor, an act which 
no retiring cabinet officer ever did before or 
since. The mission to Russia involved the 
safe and sagacious handling of our relations 
with the Czar's government at a moment 
when it demanded the most prudent direc- 
tion. The kindly relations which existed 



between the colossal power of the North 
and the great republic of the West dated 
back in their amity when Catharine declined 
to take part with England in the suppression 
of American Colonial Revolution for inde- 
pendence. General Cameron restored this feel- 
ing, and thus frustrated English and French 
intrigue to organize an alliance with Na- 
poleon III. at its head in the interest of the 
Southern Confederacy. The country never 
fully appreciated this fact, because it was a 
part of its diplomacy which admitted of no 
correspondence. This object accomplished, 
concluded General Cameron's mission to 
Russia. There was in fact nothing more to 
do in St. Petersburg but to maintain what 
had been established, and he could with 
safety ask for his credentials and retire. 

The relations between Mr. Lincoln and 
Mr. Cameron were always most cordial, and 
immediately upon his reaching the United 
States the latter was the accepted citizen- 
counselor at the White House. At this time 
efforts were being made looking to defeating 
the renomination of Mr. Lincoln for a second 
" term. It was- a period of great solicitude 
to the President, who with characteristic 
modesty declined to make any movement in 
his own behalf In the winter of 1864 the 
intrigue referred to was talked of in political 
circles at Washington as a success. General 
Cameron visited the national capital re- 
peatedly at that time, and on reaching his 
farm after a return from one of these visits 
had a paper prepared, embodying the mei'its 
of Mr. Lincoln as President, acknowledging 
the fidelity and integrity of his first admin- 
istration, and declaring that his renomina- 
tion and re-election involved a necessity es- 
sential to the success of the war for the 
Union. That paper was submitted to the 
Republican members of both branches of 
the Legislature of the State of Pennsylvania, 
ever}' one of whom signed it, and in this 
shape was presented to Mr. Lincoln, and 
telegraphed to the country at large. Its 
publication accomplished all that the fore- 
thought of its originator anticipated. In 
three weeks after the issuing of this letter, it 
was a curious spectacle to watch the precipita- 
tion with which the Republicans in all the 
States hastened to declare in favor of Mr. 
Lincoln's renomination ; so that when the 
National Convention assembled to do that 
act there was no opposition to him. 

From 1864 to 1866 General Cameron took 

a very active part in the politics of Pennsyl- 
vania, giving to the organization of the Re" 
publican party a prestige which enabled it 
to bear down all opposition. He was the 
one leader of that party who could rally it 
in despondency and hold it in fidelity to its 

In 1866 he was re-elected to the United 
States Senate, a position he held a longer 
term of years than any man sent to the same 
body from the State of Pensj'lvania. His 
influence on national legislation was as great 
as that of any man that ever served in the 
Senate. The singularity of this influence is 
revealed in greater force when it is remem- 
bered that he seldom participated in debate. 
He made no pretention to oratory, but his 
talk was sound, his argument lucid, and his 
statement of fact impregnable. What he 
lacked in fervid, flashing speech he made up 
in terse, solid common sense. From the 
time he entered the Senate until he resigned 
his seat in 1877 — a continuous service of 
eleven years — he was recognized as one of 
its most useful and reliable members, and at 
the date of his resignation was chairman of 
the committee on foreign relations, a posi- 
tion only accorded to a senator of admitted 
statesmanship. He was foremost always in 
practical legislation. His opinions on ques- 
tions of commerce, manufacturing, finance, 
internal improvements, fortifications, and 
the public domain were always accepted as 
guiding counsel. He encouraged the build- 
ing of the first Pacific railroad, was a warm 
supporter of opening the public lands to 
actual settlers, and no man in Congress be- 
fore or after he left it did more, and few as 
much as he, for the fostering, promotion and 
protection of American industry. He lost 
no opportunity to advocate and further the 
organization of new States, and regarded the 
expansion of the boundaries of the Union 
as the only true course to preserve the equi- 
librium of power between the sections. He 
made history as few other statesmen in this 
country created it, by producing results in 
the practical walks of life, such as make 
men prosperous and happy, that stimulate 
the growth of communities, whereby the 
country has been constantly rendered power- 
ful abroad and a blessing to its people at 
home. History in its broadest scope will 
ever keep such individuals before the gen- 
erations of men which are to live in this 
country, for their models in public affairs. 



General Cameron died June, 1889, at the 
ripe old age of ninety years, his faculties per- 
fect until the last. 

General Cameron married Margaret Brua, 
daughter of Peter Brua, of Harrisburg, and 
their children were Rachel, married Judge 
Burnside, of Bellefonte, Brua, Margaret, 
married Richard J. Haldeman, James Don- 
ald, and Virginia, married Wayne MacVeagh. 

Snydee, Charles Albright, son of Simon 
Snyder and Catharine Michael, was born 
May 29, 1799, at Selinsgrove, Pa. His grand- 
father, Simon Snyder, was an emigrant from 
Moravia, while his mother's father was Eber- 
hart Michael, a prominent personage in the 
early history of Lancaster county. Charles 

A. was educated by private tutors, and early 
in life began contracting. In 1837 he was 
one of a partnership in the building of the 
West Feliciana railroad in Mississippi and 
Louisiana. For several years he was a clerk 
in the prothonotary's office at Sunbury and 
afterwards at Harrisburg. In the latter part 
of his life he was a justice of the peace, alder- 
man, United States commissioner, and a 
notary public. He died at Harrisburg on 
the 8th of November, 1868, aged sixty-nine 
years. Mr. Snyder was a good land lawyer 
and had a very extensive knowledge of land 
titles in Pennsylvania, and was often sought 
by prominent members of the bar in consul- 
tation on such subjects. He owned consid- 
erable bodies of coal land, which have now 
become valuable, but which he was com- 
pelled to part with because of the slowness 
of internal improvements ; was interested in 
the copper and nickel mines of Lancaster, 
Pa., and Connecticut; developed the first 
cannel coal mines in Missouri ; was pioneer 
in such early enterprises, which always 
turned out disastrous at the time, but as the 
country improved and modern appliances 
and new inventions came in vogue turned 
out well. In fact, he was too far in advance 
of the times. Mr. Snyder married, in 1828, 
Barbara Keller, daughter of John Keller, 
and their children were: Catharine, married 

B. F. Etter, Edward, Eugene, Mary, Emma, 
married Dr. George H. Markley, Charles, 
Simon, and John Keller, the two latter de- 

Hage, HoTHER, son of Jens Fredrich and 
Gertrude (Heitmann) Hage, was born April 
9, 1800, in the city of Copenhagen, Denmark. 
He was a graduate at the age of fourteen of 

the Royal University of Copenhagen. In 
1819 he came to the United States and set- 
tled upon a tract of land known as " Galla- 
gher's Improvement," on Clearfield creek, 
Clearfield county, Pa., presented him by his 
father. He built a log hut and remained 
there about nine years, passing that time in 
studying, clearing the land and hunting. 
In 1832 he found employment in the con- 
struction of the State canals in his chosen 
profession, that of civil engineer. In 1835 
he was employed as chief engineer on the 
construction of the West Feliciana railroad, 
of Louisiana, a short line of road running 
from Bayou Sara to Woodville. During the 
years 1836-38 he was chief engineer of the 
Franklin railroad in Pennsylvania. May 
30, 1838, he was appointed by the canal 
commissioners of the State principal engi- 
neer upon the survey of a route from the 
town of Chambersburg to Pittsburgh, also on 
the Raystown Branch of the Juniata, as con- 
templated in the act of the Pennsylvania 
State Legislature passed April 14, 1838. 
April 19, 1847, he was appointed principal 
assistant engineer of the eastern division of ' 
the Pennsylvania railroad, under William 
B. Forster, Jr. In 1852 he was employed in 
the construction of the Dauphin and Susque- 
hanna Coal Company railroad. From 
September 1, 1850, to July 19, 1859, he was 
principal engineer on the enlargement of the 
Union canal. July 10, 1859, he was ap- 
pointed by Gov. William F. Packer a com- 
missioner to examine that portion of the 
line of the Sunbury and Erie railroad lying 
between the harbor of Erie and the borough 
of Warren. On April 24, 1860, he was 
elected civil engineer to make survey and 
plan of the city of Harrisburg. In 1866 he 
was employed in the ofiice of the assessor of 
the United States internal revenue, continu- 
ing in the employ of the Government until 
1872, in which year, on the 27tli day of June, 
he departed this life. Mr. Hage was married, 
December 18, 1849, by the Rev. J. Baker, of 
Lancaster, to Mary A., daughter of Henry 
and Salome Kendig, of Lancaster county. 

McCoRMicK, James, son of William Mc- 
Cormick, was born February 24, 1801, near 
Silvers Spring, Cumberland county, Pa.; 
died January 19, 1870, at Harrisburg, Pa. 
When less than five years of age he lost his 
father by a fatal accident. Paternal care 
thus devolved upon his mother, a bright, 
determined woman, and by her his prepara- 



tory studies were carefully made, fitting him 
at an early age for Princeton College, where 
he graduated with reputation, and began the 
study of law with Andrew Carothers, Esq., 
of Carlisle. Me was admitted to the bar of 
Cumberland county in 3823, and to that of 
Dauphin county at the August term, 1825. 
His most successful career never faltered as 
long as he was able to give his professional 
duties any attention, and, indeed, followed 
him after his retirement from all active pur- 
suits. He served in the borough council a 
long time, and was president of that body, 
also of the Dauphin Deposit Bank, of the 
Harrisburg cemetery, of the Harrisburg 
Bridge Company, and one of the trustees of 
the Pine Street Presbyterian church. In all 
these positions he was a cautious and able 
adviser. He uniformly declined candidature 
for office, as also offers of the highest honors 
of his profession. Upon the retirement he 
gave the powers of his active mind to the 
management of a large estate, consisting of 
furnaces, rolling mil]s,grist mills and farms. 
All these interests were successful, and not- 
withstanding his physical disability, con- 
ducted in a masterly and systematic manner. 
Mr. McCormick married, in 1830, Eliza 
Buehler, born November 11, 1806, at Erie, 
Pa.; died December 25, 1877, at Harrisburg, 
Pa.; only daughter of George Buehler and 
Maria Nagle. She was, indeed, a most esti- 
mable woman. To each noble charity, 
benevolent enterprise, philanthropic move- 
ment. Christian endeavor, hospital or home 
in the city of Harrisburg she was a friend, 
promoter and benefactor. From no good 
cause or charitable work or needy poor did 
she withhold her hand or deny her 

Cameron, Col. James, youngest son of 
Charles Cameron and Martha Pfoutz, was 
born at Maytown, Lancaster county, Pa., 
March 1, 1801. He received his early edu- 
cation at the village school, and at nineteen 
entered the printing office of his brother. 
General Cameron, at Harrisburg, where he 
served a faithful apprenticeship. In 1827 
he went to Lancaster, where he assumed tfie 
editorship of the Political Sentinel, stud} ing 
law in the meantime in the office of James 
Buchanan, afterwards President of the United 
States. He was duly admitted to the Lan- 
caster bar, and in 1838 established himself 
at Harrisburg. During the Mexican war he 
served under General Scott, and upon its 

close settled upon a farm near Milton, Pa., 
where he was living in retirement when the 
war for the Union was inaugurated. At the 
solicitation of the soldiers of the so-called 
Highlander regiment (the Seventy-ninth 
New York), he accepted the commission of 
colonel of that organization.. At the battle 
of the first Bull Run, June 21, 1861, he was 
of Sherman's brigade, Tyler's division, and 
at the crisis of the struggle bore himself with 
the greatest gallantry. Again and again he 
led his men with the cry, " Scots, follow 
me ! " in the face of a withering fire of mus- 
ketry and artillery, until stricken down mor- 
tally wounded, expiring on the field of his 
heroic exploits. " No mortal man," says an witness, " could stand the fearful storm 
that swept them." After repeated efforts the 
body of the gallant Cameron was recovered, 
brought to his home, and interred amid 
many demonstrations of respect and affec- 

Weir, John Andrew, son of Samuel Weir 
and his wife Mary Wallace, born January 19, 
1802, at Harrisburg, Pa. ; died October 10, 
1881. He was educated in the private schools 
of the town and at the Harrisburg Academy. 
He learned coach-making, and, subsequently, 
went into the hardware business, which he 
continued a number of years, afterwards con- 
necting with it the drug trade, taking into 
partnership his nephew, D. W. Gross. Dur- 
ing the administration of Governor Ritner 
he served as a clerk in the office of the sec- 
retary of the Commonwealth. In 1840 he 
was elected prothonotary of Dauphin county, 
a position he filled two terms (six years). 
While serving in this office he was chosen a 
director of the Harrisburg Bank, and after- 
wards became teller in that institution, in 
which capacity he continued until 1880. 
While performing these duties he was treas- 
urer of the State Lunatic Hospital, at Harris- 
burg, from its first establishment in 1850 to 
1880. For nearly fifty years he was an elder in 
the first Presbyterian church of Harrisburg, 
and took a warm interest in the promotion of 
the Sunday-school system. He was one of the 
first, firmest and influential friends of the 
anti-slavery cause in Dauphin county. Mr. 
Weir married twice; first, Catharine E. Wiest- 
ling, born February 21, 1810, died May 18, 
1845, daughter of John S. Wiestling ; and 
secondly, Maria Matilda Fahnestock, born 
December 15, 1808, died August 28, 1883, in 
Harrisburg, daughter of Abed Fahnestock. 



Rutherford, John Parke, son of Will- 
iam Rutherford and his wife Sarah Sjvan, 
was born February 14, 1802, in Swatara 
township, Dauphin county. Pa.; died May 
12, 1871. He was a farmer, and brought up 
in that pursuit. He held many places of 
public trust in his life ; was superintendent 
of the Wiconisco canal as early as 1837, an 
auditor of the county, a jury commissioner, 
and was vice-president and treasurer of the 
Pennsylvania State Agricultural Society. 
He was a strong anti-slavery advocate, as all 
his family were, and many a weary pilgrim, 
in the days of the fugitive slave act, sore of 
foot and heart, found in Captain Rutherford 
hospitable assistance, material aid and manly 
encouragement. He hated slavery because 
he considered it a moral sin and a political 
blight upon the free institutions of America. 
During the late Rebellion he served as quar- 
termaster in the United States army, rank- 
ing fourth on the list. While stationed at 
Harper's Ferry he was captured in one of 
the raids on that stronghold, but released on 
parole. He was then ordered to Camp Doug- 
las, and subsequently to Charleston, S. C. 
In the latter city, about the close of the war, 
he contracted a disease from the effects of 
which he never fully recovered. Captain 
Rutherford married Eliza Rutherford, born 
October 30, 1801 ; died January 30, 1860 ; 
daughter of Samuel Rutherford. 

Sloan, Alexander, son of Robert and 
Sarah (McCormick) Sloan, was born October 
9, 1802, at Harrisburg, Dauphin county. Pa. 
He was educated in the private and select 
schools of Harrisburg, especially under that 
eminent mathematician, James Maginnes. 
He learned the trade of cabinet-maker with 
his father, and after the latter's death con- 
tinued the business alone up to 1864, after 
that period for several years in connection 
with Mr. Boyd. Mr. Sloan married, Septem- 
ber 19, 1833, Mary, daughter of James and 
Sarah Todd, of Hanover. She died at Har- 
risburg December 2, 1871, in her sixty-third 
year, and their children were: Robert, Sarah, 
who married H. Murray Graydon, Margaret 
A., who married Henry Shantz, and Isa- 
bella D. 

BoMBAUGH, Aaron, son of Abraham Bom- 
baugh and Catharine Reehm, was born Feb- 
ruary 12, 1803, at Harrisburg, Pa. He was 
educated at the private schools of the town, 
and at the old academy. He was placed 

early in youth to the trade of a hatter with 
Jacob Shoemaker, of Harrisburg, and at his 
majority went to Philadelphia for instruc- 
tions as a finisher, and while there became a 
member of the "Association of Journeymen 
Hatters," being entered March 2, 1824. He 
returned to his native town and established 
himself in business, which he followed several 
years, until he was obliged to relinquish it, 
owing to impaired health, which had been 
affected by the dyes used in coloring the felt. 
He then assumed charge of his father's ex- 
tensive limestone quarry, conducting that 
business with marked success. Like his 
father and grandfather before him, Mr. Bom- 
baugh took a prominent part in municipal 
affairs, and frequently served in the borough 
council. From 1838 to 1844 he ser^ved as 
treasurer of the county of Dauphin, a posi- 
tion he filled efficiently and acceptably. He 
was one of the first advocates for the estab- 
lishment of a lunatic hospital by the State 
for the insane poor of the Commonwealth, 
and greatly aided *Miss Dix in her efforts to 
secure State assistance for the inauguration 
of those noble charities which have so dis- 
tinguished our Commonwealth. He was one 
of the first trustees of the institution located 
at Harrisburg. Having several farms near 
the city, the latter years of his life were 
passed in their management. He died at 
Harrisburg on the 13th of December, 1877, 
in the seventy- fifth year of his age. He was 
an early Abolitionist, as the anti-slavery men 
were denominated, a decided Anti-Mason in 
the days of that crusade, and with well-de- 
fined and positive convictions was ready to 
encounter any amount of obloquy in their 
defense. During the Rebellion he devoted 
his time and means to the care and comfort 
of the Pennsylvania soldiers in camp and 
hospital. He was the last survivor of the 
Unitarian Society established by the Rev. 
Mr. Kay, and which, from successive deaths 
and lack of fresh accessions, melted away 
many years since. 

Mr. Bombaugh was twice married — first, 
on May 3, 1827, to Maria Lloyd, daughter of 
Joseph Lloyd, an attorney-at-law, of Phila- 
delphia, born there in 1809, and died Janu- 
ary 1, 1853, at Harrisburg, and their chil- 
dren were Dr. Charles Carroll, a noted phy- 
sician and author, now of Baltimore, Md.; 
Lavinia, married Gillard Dock, of Harris- 
burg ; Alexander; d. s. p.; Catharine, married 
Junius B. Kaufman, a lawyer, of Lancaster, 
Pa.; and Julia, married Dr. Grafton, of Bal- 



timore. Of these only Dr. C. C. Bombaugh ried, in 1828, Martha Ingram, born Novem- 

and Mrs. Kaufman aie living. Mr. Bom- ber 30, 1808 ; died August 23, 1850, and 

baugh married, secondly, Julia Duncan, of their children were Margaret Ingram and 

Duncan's Island, who survived him. Emma Elizabeth. 

Jones, Andrew J., son of Robert Thomas 
Jones and Margaret Williamson, was born, 
1803, in county Donegal, Ireland. He re- 
ceived a fine English education, and early 
in life came to Harrisburg, where he learned 
merchandizing with John Cameron. Sub- 
sequently, in partnership with his brother 
Samuel T., he entered into the mercantile 
business, which they successfully carried on 
for many years. Mr. Jones became quite 
prominent in political affairs, and in 1848, 
upon the election of Gen. Zachary Taylor to 
the Presidency, was appointed postmaster at 
Harrisburg, a position he acceptably filled 
four years. He died at Harrisburg, January 
13, 1867, aged sixty-four years. Mr. Jones 
was thrice married ; first, to Mary Ann Jones, 
daughter of Thomas Jones and Margery 
Donnelly, of Perry county. Pa. She died in 
March, 1843, and there was, issue: Robert 
Thomas, d. s. p., John Cameron (1833-56), 
and Samuel T. He married, secondly, Susan 
B. Ayres, daughter of William Ayres and 
his wife Mary Elizabeth Bucher, of Harris- 
burg; their children all died in infancy. He 
married, thirdly, Sarah A. Buckman, of Bur- 
lington, N. J., and there was issue : Virginia 
R. and Andrew J. 

Boas, William Dick, son of Jacob Boas 
and Sarah Dick, was born September 6, 1803, 
at Harrisburg, Pa., and died there May 20, 
1889. He learned the art of printing with 
George Getz, of Reading, on the Berks and 
Schuylkill Herald, and afterwards worked at 
his profession in Philadelphia, Alleutown 
and Harrisburg. In 1837 he purchased an 
interest in the Reporter office at Harrisburg, 
in partnership, first, with Samuel D. Patter- 
son, and then with William F. Copeland, re- 
tiring in 1842. During this period he was 
printer of the journals and bills of the House 
and Senate. He was cashier and clerk in 
the State treasurer's department during the 
administrations of Bickel, Bailey, Magraw 
and McGrath, about nine years in all ; was 
a clerk in the surveyor general's office, and 
four years prothonotary of the count}' of 
Dauphin. From 1866 to 1868 he was one of 
the publishers of the Patriot. Mr. Boas mar- 

Fleming, Robert Jackson, son of Samuel 
Fleming and grandson of Robert Fleming, 
was born November 16, 1803, in Hanover 
township, Washington county. Pa.; died 
December 2, 1874, at Harrisburg, Pa. He 
received an academical education, and while 
yet a young man became a teacher and lec- 
turer on English grammar and' on music, 
and took a trip to the then West, lecturing 
on his favorite topic. In 1834 he established 
the coach-making business on an extensive 
scale at Harrisburg Pa., and continued it 
with success until his entire establisliment 
was destroyed by fire, June 15, 1865. He 
did not resume it. He built at his shop the 
first eight-wheel passenger car which ran on 
the Pennsylvania railroad between Columbia 
and Philadelphia, also the first on the Will- 
iamsport and Elmira railroad, taking it up 
the canal on a flat boat. He was appointed 
notary public in 1861, and held the office 
until his death, for years doing the business 
of the Harrisburg National Bank in this 
official capacity. He was deservedly honored 
in his adopted city as an upright and enter- 
prising citizen, a man of intelligence and 
high moral character, and in the Presby- 
terian church, of which he was a life-long 
member, he was one of its elders for twenty 
years. Mr. Fleming married, June 5, 1845, 
at McConnellsville, Morgan county, Ohio, 
Sarah Ann Poor, born January 30, 1814, at 
York Haven, Pa.; daughter of Charles Mer- 
rill Poor and Elizabeth (Karg) Roberts ; died 
in Harrisburg, Pa., at the residence of her 
son, Samuel W. Fleming, January 7, 1892. 

Sheafer, Michael, son of George Sheafer, 
was born December 1, 1803, at Halifax, Dau- 
phin county, Pa. For some years he re- 
sided in Harrisburg, Pa., and when quite a 
young man he married Susan Cloud, of Lan- 
caster county, and made his home in that 
county a few years. They had issue: Ada- 
line, married Rev. C. A. Wyeth ; Henry J.; 
John M., a civil engineer, who died at Selma, 
Alabama, August 11,1871; Mary L., mar- 
ried Theodore D. Irish ; Harriet Matilda, 
married Joseph Davidson ; Lucetta, died 
June 9, 1837; Anne Eliza, married John 
Thompson ; George T., died November 4, 



1867, at Ashland; and Benjamin Ingersoll. 
In 1831-32 the Lykens Valley Coal Com- 
pany was organized, and commenced opera- 
tions at what was then called " Bear Gap " 
(now Wiconisco). The company built a 
large log frame house, and Michael Sheafer 
moved into it for the purpose of boarding 
the workmen and entertaining the members 
of the company. At that time the Upper 
End (now Lykens, Wiconisco and Williams- 
town) was one vast wilderness, with a few 
log huts scattered around. He resided in 
this place up to the date of his death, No- 
vember 30, 1849, taking an active part in 
the development of the coal region. He was 
one of the contractors in the building of the 
Lykens Valley railroad, also in the building 
of the aqueduct and other improvements at 
the mouth of the Wiconisco canal feeder. 
After the first railroad was built from the 
Gap to Millersburg, he had the contract for 
the delivery of the coal, floating it across the 
river at Mount Patrick on the Pennsylvania 
canal. His wife, Susan Sheafer, who was a 
most estimable Christian woman, died at 
Harrisburg, Pa., on the 17th of February, 
1876. The remains of both rest in Kalmia 
cemetery, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Till, John, son of John and Catherine 
(Miller) Till, was born April 13, 1804, in the 
district of Kensington, Philadelphia. His 
parents were natives of Philadelphia, and he 
was the fourth child of ten sons and one 
daughter. Like his father, grandfather and 
most of his relatives, John was brought up 
a ship builder, learning that trade with the 
Messrs. Vaughan, of Kensington. In the 
winter of 1834 he came to Harrisburg to 
build a boat for W. P. Orrick, of Reading, 
who was extensively engaged in transporta- 
tion on the Pennsylvania and Union canals. 
Returning to Philadelphia after finishing 
his contract with Mr. Orrick, he entered into 
partnership with James Main, a ship builder 
of that city, and removed to Harrisburg in 
August, 1835, establishing a boatyard at the 
foot of North street oh the canal. At that 
period boat building was the leading busi- 
ness at Harrisburg. About 1840, owing to 
want of proper facilities, the firm purchased 
a location on the west side of the canal, be- 
low Mulberry street, where they constructed 
a large basin connected with the canal on 
the towpath, over which they built a draw- 
bridge. At this place they carried on the 

building of boats for many years. A large 
number of the packet boats were built by 
them. During the winter the packet and 
other boats of Leech & Co.'s extensive trans- 
port,ation line were repaired, the number 
filling the basin and the canal from Paxtang 
street to now Herr street, from one winding 
bridge to the other. It may be here stated 
that Messrs. Till & Main constructed on the 
river bank below Mulberry street, two boats 
and one schooner for parties in New York 
City, which were launched ' in the Susque- 
hanna during the rise, and floated in the 
bay. In 1852 the firm erected a saw mill 
adjoining their boat yard, where they car- 
ried on a large lumber business., In 1853 
Mr. Main died, and for several years Mr. 
Till conducted the enterprise alone, subse- 
quently engaging in the coal trade a brief 
period, when he retired from all business 
pursuits. He served one term in the old 
borough council, for sixteen years a mem- 
ber of the school board, and was elected 
county treasurer for one term. Mr. Till 
married, November 6, 1825, Rebecca Rutter, 
of Philadelphia, who died May 16, 1871, at 
the age of sixty-five years. Their surviving 
children are: William B., Rebecca, who 
married G. L. Suttie, of New York, and 
Mary E., who married David C. Burnite, of 

Weir, James Wallace, youngest son of 
Samuel and Mary (Wallace) Weir, was born 
August 9, 1805, at Harrisburg, Pa. He re- 
ceived a good education, excelled as a scholar 
and his taste for study and reading drew 
him toward the printing office. He learned 
the art with John S. Wiestling, and after his 
apprenticeship spent some time in the 
printing-house of the Messrs. Johnson, of 
Philadelphia. On November 26, 1833, hav- 
ing been chosen teller of the Harrisburg 
Bank, he accepted that position, holding it 
until October 30, 1844, when he was chosen 
cashier of the bank. When the institution 
became a national bank in 1874, he was 
unanimously elected its cashier, which office 
he held until his death, which occurred at 
Harrisburg, March 14, 1878, having been 
connected with the bank for over forty -four 
years. As a bank officer and financier he 
gained an enviable distinction for his uni- 
form courtesy and for ability of the highest 
order. Few bankers in the Commonwealth 
can present a record equal to his in years of 



service, in successful administration of affairs 
through financial trouble, and for such rigid 
honesty. He was gifted with rare social 
qualities and a graceful wit, which made 
him one of the most companionable of men. 
To the poor and lowly he was always a kind 
and true friend and his cliarities, though 
not ostentatious, were made with a free and 
open hand. His literary taste and ability 
were of a high order, and he frequently 
wrote for the press. He was the author of 
several religious tracts, published by the 
American Sunday-school Union. In 1838 
appeared a small volume, " Manual of 
Prayer," which was published with an in- 
troduction by Rev. Albert Barnes, of Phila- 
delphia. In 1854, " The Closet Companion " 
appeared, and passed through several edi- 
tions. In the Presbyterian church, of which 
he was many years an elder, as in every 
walk and pursuit in life, he was active, en- 
ergetic, consistent, pure in character, and 
lofty in purpose. 

Smuller, George, son of John Smuller 
(1780-1840) and Susanna Shirtz (1782-1864), 
was born October 7, 1805, at Jonestown, Leb- 
anon county. Pa. He acquired a fair Eng- 
lish education in the schools of his day, and 
in early life followed the occupation of a 
tailor. He subsequently became extensively 
engaged in the lumber business with the 
Union Canal Company and a contractor in 
the public works of the State. He was after- 
wards appointed collector of tolls in a 
Union canal at Middletown, a position he 
filled many years, resigning in 1857, when he 
was elected president of the Middletown 
Bank. As first officer of that institution Mr. 
Smuller won for himself the highest confi- 
dence in the communitj^ which he retained 
down to the close of his busy and active life. 
He died at Middletown on August 19, 1882, 
aged almost seventy-seven years. Few men 
stood higher in the community than he. His 
life was characterized by great goodness of 
heart and true nobleness of soul, which won 
for him the love and esteem of his fellow- 
men and neighbors. Mr. Smuller married 
Caroline Fisher, daughter of Dr. Karl and 
Mary Fisher, of Middletown, born 1805 at 
Middletown ; died January 5, 1870. Their 
children were : Lehman, d. s. p., Mary, Eliz- 
abeth, married George F. Mish, M. D., Annie 
G., married Henry J. Meily, Ellen, married 
David G. Swartz, of Chicago, and Caroline. 

RuTHEEPOKD, JoHN Brisban, SOU of Sam- 
uel Rutherford, was born on the 28th of Nov- 
ember, 1805, in Swatara township, Dauphin 
county, Pa.; died on the 10th of October, 
1892, on the farm where he was born. 
Being the only surviving son, he succeeded 
to the farm property of his father upon his 
death, November 26, 1833, and made farm- 
ing his main business through life. In 
early manhood, Mr. Rutherford was elected 
captain of the Dauphin cavalry, hence his 
military title. He was active in politics, 
and was elected member of the Legislature 
on the Whig ticket in 1848, and re-elected 
in 1849. In 1857 he was elected to the 
State Senate for three years, on the Republi- 
can ticket. He was treasurer of the Penn- 
sylvania State Agricultural Society for a long 
time — elected in 1864 and served twenty- 
five years. Mr. Rutherford was identified 
with the various offices in his township, and 
in old Paxtang church was a ruling elder. 
He married, March 19, 1833, Keziah Parke, 
died July 2, 1885 ; daughter of Col. James 
Parke, of Parkesburg, Chester county. Pa. 

Dougherty, Philip, son of Dennis and 
Catherine (Maginty) Dougherty, was born 
March 24, 1806, near Middletown, Dauphin 
county. Pa. His father came to America 
from Ireland about 1805, and settled in 
Derry township, not far from Middletown, 
where he died about 1824. His wife, whom 
he married in Ireland, died about 1845, in 
Harrisburg. Their children were Mary, who 
married Hugh Dougherty, and -John, both 
born in Ireland ; Philip, the subject of this 
sketch, James, Catherine, who married 
Edward Sweeny, Dennis, Charles, Hugh, 
and Daniel. From the age of eighteen Philip 
Dougherty was busily engaged as a contrac- 
tor on canals and railroads, and was largely 
engaged in the construction of important 
public works, such as the Pennsylvania 
canal, the Chesapeake and Ohio canal, Del- 
aware and Raritan canal. Union canal, 
Leliigh canal. Northern Central railroad. 
New York and Erie railroad, Camden and 
Amboy railroad, and the Dauphin and Sus- 
quehanna railroad. He continued in the 
business until February, 1853, when he was 
chosen president of the Mechanics' Bank of 
Harrisburg, organized at that time, a position 
which he filled until his death, which 
occurred at Harrisburg, February 3, 1865, in 
his fifty-ninth year. He was also a director 
of the Northern Central railroad, the Mid- 



dletown Bank and the Harrisburg Gas Com- 
pany, of which he was one of the founders. 
Mr. Dougherty was very successful in busi- 
ness, combining great energy and force of 
character with quick perception, sound judg- 
ment and strict integrity. He dispensed a 
liberal hospitality to his many friends, and 
enjoyed the respect and confidence of his fel- 
low-citizens. Of a warm and generous nature, 
his feelings, impulses and actions were of an 
elevated character, and his friendship per- 
manent, strong and useful. He was ever 
ready to aid the deserving and relieve the 
unfortunate, and in all respects was a valued 
member of the community. Mr. Dougherty 
married, June 10, 1833, at New Brunswick, 
N. J., Mary W., daughter of John and 
Rebecca (Whiteside) Clark. Mrs. Dougherty 
was born 1813. Their children who reached 
maturity were James Dennis, who graduated 
at Georgetown College, class of 1857, was a 
lawyer by profession, and a captain of artil- 
lery during the Rebellion, and colonel on 
the staff of Governor Packer, of Pennsyl- 
vania, and died April 2, 1878 ; William E., 
for many years engaged in the banking busi- 
ness in Harrisburg, and later resident clerk 
of the United States Senate, at Washington, 
D. G, and Mary F., who married Bernard J. 
McGrann, contractor and banker, of Lancas- 
ter, Pa. 

in its main features remained the tariff law 
until the last revision. At the time of his 
death General Moorehead was president of 
the Chamber of Commerce and also of the 
Monongahela Navigation Company. 

Moorehead, Gen. James K., of Pittsburgh, 
died March 6, 1884. He was born in Hali- 
fax, Dauphin county, seventy-eight years 
ago, and after obtaining a good business 
education began a connection with the pub- 
lic improvement of the State, which was 
only severed by his death. When only 
twenty-two years old he was appointed super- 
intendent of the Juniata branch of the Penn- 
sylvania canal. He afterwards established the 
Pioneer Passenger Packet Line, running be- 
tween Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. In 1839 
he was appointed adjutant general of the 
State, but declined theofBce. In 1858 General 
Moorehead was elected to Congress by the 
Republicans of the Twenty-first Congres- 
sional district, and retained that position 
until 1869, when he refused to be again a 
candidate. During the last three terms of 
his service in Congress he was chairman of 
the committee on manufactures, and a mem- 
ber of the ways and means and on naval 
affairs. The Moorehead tariff bill was for- 
mulated and reported by a sub-committee of 
whicli General Moorehead was chairman, and 

LooMis, Anthony Wayne, eldest son of 
Ashbel Loomis and Mary Scott, was born 
April 11, 1806, at Alstead, N. H. The 
Loomis family in America is descended 
from Joseph Loomis, who emigrated from 
Braintree, county Essex, England, in 1638, 
and settled at Windsor, Conn. One of his 
descendants was Eleazer Loomis, who mar- 
ried Jemima Crandall and removed from 
Tolland, Conn., to Alstead, N. H., in 1783. 
He died March 17, 1822, and his wife in 
April, 1838, at Alstead. Their son, Ashbel 
Loomis, born September 16, 1779, married 
Sarah Scott, daughter of Capt. William 
Scott, one of the first settlers of Petersbor- 
ough, N. H. Captain Scott was born, in 
May, 1733, in Townsend, Mass.; served in 
the French and Indian war from 1756 to 
1758 in Canada ; was in the war of the Rev- 
olution, and after the peace of 1783 was a 
government surveyor on the Western lakes. 
He died in Litchfield, September 19, 1796, 
from sickness caused by exposure in his sur- 
veying expeditions. Ashbel Loomis died 
August 31, 1824, and his wife, Sarah Scott, 
September 10, 1841. They had four chil- 
dren : Anthony Wayne, William, Nancy, 
married Horace Hamblit, and Mary, mar- 
ried Lewis Slader. Anthony W. Loomis 
came to Pennsylvania in 1827, and began 
teaching. He first taught a writing school 
at Liverpool, and next year at Harrisburg. 
He subsequently engaged in the lumber 
trade near the foot of Berry's mountain (now 
the Wiconisco canal site), and afterwards 
turned his attention to farming. In 1844 
he established the Halifax Herald, which he 
edited and published about two years, when 
he began merchandising, lumbering and 
farming until his death, which occurred at 
Halifax, August 4, 1864. He was an expert 
penman, having learned the art under the 
best masters in Boston, and for a third of a 
century was one of the leading business men 
in the region of Halifax. Mr. Loomis was 
twice married ; first, June 3, 1835, to Maria 
Brubaker, of Halifax, born March 5, 1814, 
died 'May 28, 1843, daughter of Joseph and 
Barbara Brubaker, and there was issue : 
Albert Scott, Daniel Brubaker, Barbara Ann, 
and William Anthony; secondly, April 2, 



1844, to Mary Murray, of Middletown, born 
March 14, 1818, daughter of Francis Murray 
and Margaret Snyder, and there was issue : 
Francis Murray, Charles Cass, George Otis, 
Walter Jefferson, Sarah Margaret, and Mary 

Ross, Robert James, son of Andrew Ross, 
a native of Londonderry, Ireland, who came 
to America about 1800, and his wife, Hannah 
Templin, of Chester county Pa., was born at 
Georgetown, D. C, in 1807. He received a 
good English and classical education and 
was appointed by President John Quincy 
Adams midshipman in the United States 
navy August, 1826, and subsequently pro- 
moted for meritorious conduct and services. 
Shortly after his marriage he resigned and 
was appointed teller in the Branch Bank of 
Pennsylvania, at Harrisburg, then under the 
cashiership of James Lesley. In 1839 he 
was tendered the position of cashier in the 
Harrisburg Savings Institution, which he ac- 
cepted, and when this corporation became 
the Dauphin Deposit Bank he remained its 
cashier until his death. Mr. Ross died at 
Harrisburg October 6, 1861. He was enter- 
prising and successful in business and stood 
high in financial circles. He married, in 
1833, Mary E., daughter of Jacob M. Halde- 
man and Eliza Ewing Jacobs, who died at 
Harrisburg in 1873, aged fifty-nine years. 
They had children : Jacob H., d. s. p., An- 
drew, Jacob Haldemaii, Eliza, Hannah, mar- 
ried Colonel Reno, United States army, 
Roberta, married J. Wilson Orth, and Robert. 

Johnson, Ovid Fkazer, was born in the 
year 1807, in the Valley of Wyoming, near 
the town of Wilkes-Barre ; died February, 
1854, in Washington, D. C. He was de- 
scended from some of the early settlers of 
that historical locality. His paternal grand- 
father, the Rev. Jacob Johnson, was a su- 
perior linguist and man of rich education 
and culture ; a graduate of Yale College, he 
took his degree as early as 1740, with dis- 
tinguished honor. In 1778 he was called 
from his home in Connecticut to reside in 
Wilkes-Barre. After that terrible event, the 
massacre of Wyoming, he assisted Colonel 
Dennison with his advice and influence, in 
protecting the inhabitants that remained, 
and the original articles of capitulation 
were in the proper handwriting of Mr. 
Johnson. In quite a lengthy biography, 
written of him in the year 1836 by the 

historian of Wyoming, Charles Miner, ap- 
pears this : " When the Revolutionary war 
broke out, Mr. Johnson took his stand early 
and firmly in behalf of freedom. And 
through the whole contest he rendered the 
utmost service in his power, which, from 
his learning, talents, and the respect he 
commanded, was very considerable. A son, 
born while the animated discussions preced- 
ing the Revolution were going on and the 
elder Pitt was thundering his anathemas 
against ministers for their tyrannous con- 
duct to the Colonies, Mr. Johnson named Je- 
hoiada Pitt. . . . Jehoiada is sometime 
since deceased, but a son of his with heredi- 
tary genius is winning his way to enviable 
distinction." The latter is the subject of 
this sketch. At the close of his early educa- 
tion, in which he had as school and class- 
mates many who afterwards rose to posi- 
tions of eminence and distinction, he com- 
menced the study of law with John N. 
Conyngham, of Wilkes-Barre, afterwards 
Judge Conyngham. He was duly admitted 
to the bar and entered into the practice of 
the law at that place. In 1833 he removed 
to Harrisburg, and there married. In 1839, 
at the early age of thirty-two years, his 
talent secured for him the appointment as 
attorney general of Pennsylvania. In 1842, 
his term of office having expired, he was re- 
appointed and served through a second 
term until 1845. As an orator, Mr. John- 
son was brilliant; as a lawyer, he had su- 
perior abilities, and somewhat of a wide- 
known reputation, being frequently em- 
ployed to try cases in different States of the 
Union. It may be here remarked that, in 
addition to Mr. Johnson's legal ability, he 
had a high reputation as a political writer. 
He was the author of the celebrated " Gov- 
ernor's Letters," published during the admin- 
istration of Governor Ritner, and which 
purported to give the ludicrous side to the 
political characters then figuring in the 
politics of the State. Mr. Johnson married 
Jane Alricks, daughter of James Alricks. 
She was born in 1808 at Oakland Mills, in 
Lost Creek Valley, now Juniata county, Pa., 
and died December 21, 1891, at Harrisburg, 
Pa. Of their children, Ovid Frazer Johnson 
is a prominent lawyer at the Philadelphia 

BuEHLER, William, son of George Buehler 
and Maria Nagle, was born in the year 1808, 
at Erie, Pa. His father removed from Erie 



to Harrisburg in 1813, and died at that 
place in 1816. When a young man, the son 
went to Ohambersburg, where he learned the 
mercantile trade. He subsequentlj' removed 
to Philadelphia, where he was engaged as a 
merchant in the hardware business. He re- 
turned to Harrisburg about December, 1848, 
and took charge of the Buehler House which 
had been conducted by the family since 
1818. Here he remained several years when 
he embarked in the insurance business, then 
comparatively in its infancy, and became 
State agent for the insurance company of 
North America. The result wasthe establish- 
ment of one of the largest insurance depart- 
ments in the State, successfully and reliably 
carried on until his death. It was not alone 
in the business walks of life that Mr. Buehler 
was widely known and esteemed. For many 
years he was a prominent and active mem- 
ber of the Protestant Episcopal Church ; was 
warden of St. Stephen's church, and the 
superintendent of its Sunday-school for a 
long period. He represented his church in 
different dioceses to which he belonged, and 
took an earnest part in all questions that 
arose therein relating to the extension and 
prosperity of the church. From theorganiza- 
tion of the diocese of Central Pennsylvania 
until his decease, he had been the treasurer 
thereof, a most responsible position, and by 
his good judgment, liberality and kindness, 
did much to advance the financial interests 
of the new diocese. He was identified with 
the Successful establishment of the Home of 
the Friendless, the City Hospital, and a 
member and officer of the Harrisburg Benev- 
olent Society which has done so much to 
relieve the poor and needy of the city. In 
every organized effort for public charity he 
took an active part, contributing and counsel- 
ing, and working with his own hands to 
promote good works in others. But his in- 
dividual charities were the most character- 
istic of the man, for it was by these that " he 
established for himself a brotherhood with 
men which made his name blessed among 
them." He died suddenly at Harrisburg on 
Sunday morning, June 12, 1881, aged seventy- 
three years. Mr. Buehler married. May 17, 
1831, at Chambersburg, Pa., Henrietta R. 
Snyder. Their children were : Anna, mar- 
ried Robert A. Lamberton,LL. D. ; Elizabeth, 
married, first, Charles Hammond, secondly, 
H. Stanly Goodwin ; Catharine, married Capt. 
George Ramsey, U. S. A.; Dr. Henry B., 
William, and Edward. 

Kepnee, William H., son of Samuel 

Kepner and Sarah , was born in 1810, 

in Bern township, Berks county. Pa. His 
father was a millwright, came to Harrisburg 
in 1823, and erected the first steam flour 
mill in the neighborhood of Harrisburg. 
William H. adopted the business and trade 
of his father, and a't the death of the latter 
continued the business, acquiring an exten- 
sive reputation in this and adjoining States 
for the superior quality of his millstones. 
For a period of twenty years Mr. Kepner 
filled various prominent positions in the 
municipal affairs of the borough and the 
city. He served several terms in the old 
town council, and upon the amendment of 
the borough charter was elected the council- 
man-at-large. He was elected the first mayor 
of the city of Harrisburg, an office he filled 
with becoming dignity. He was at one time 
the Democratic candidate for associate judge 
of the county, and although his party were 
greatly in the minority, came within a small 
vote of an election. He was one of the or- 
ganizers and president of the Harrisburg 
Fire Association. In all public positions he 
was fjiithful to his trust, and conscientiously 
exercised the authority reposed in his hands. 
In the city of his adoption he took a large 
and liberal interest in its growth and general 
prosperity. He died January 18, 1871, at 
Harrisburg, aged sixty years. Mr. Kepner 
married, in 1842, Cassandra Loucks, daughter 
of George Loucks (1786-1849) and Susan 
Weltzhofifer (1795-1842), of York county. 
Pa., and their surviving children are George 
L. and Ida J., married 0. P. Good, of Har- 

Fleming, James, son of Samuel Fleming 
and grandson of Robert Fleming, was born 
June 25, 1810, in Hanover township, Wash- 
ington county. Pa.; died January 30, 1857, 
in Harrisburg, Pa. In 1812 his parents re- 
moved to Hanover township, Dauphin 
county, Pa., where his early life was passed. 
His boyhood was marked by a laudable am- 
bition to excel in his studies, and the influ- 
ence of his mother in this direction had its 
good effect, not only during his youth, but 
throughout his life. Thrown upon his own 
resources at the age of eighteen, he resolved 
to educate himself by alternately acting as 
teacher and pupil, and pursued this course 
for seven years, thereby becoming convers- 
ant with the higher mathematics, the ancient 
languages and French. Much of his time 



was passed in the States of Kentucky and 
Ohio. About 1835 he commenced the study 
of medicine, and graduated at Jefferson 
Medical College, Philadelphia, in March, 
1838. For four years he practiced his pro- 
fession, but finding the duties too arduous for 
his slender constitution, his attention was 
drawn to the science of dental surgery, then 
comparatively in its infancy. Observing the 
necessit}' for good operators in this field, he 
went to Philadelphia and acquired athorough 
knowledge of that specialty. Returning to 
Harrisburg, he met with deserved and well- 
marked success. During the remainder of 
his life he was a frequent contributor to both 
medical and dental journals, and occasionally 
to the newspaper press. lie was a member 
of the Pennsylvania Association of Dental 
Surgeons and of the American Society, and 
one of the original advocates of the establish- 
ment of a dental college at Philadelphia, in 
which he was subsequently tendered a pro- 
fessorship, but declined. He was twice the 
recipient of the honorary degree of Doctor of 
Dental Surgery. He was a director of the 
Harrisburg National Bank, president of the 
board of school directors and an elder of the 
First Presbyterian church there. Dr. Flem- 
ing married, June, 1852, Jennette Street, 
daughter of Col. Thaddeus Street and Martha 
Davenport Reynolds, of Cheshire, Conn., a 
lineal descendant of Rev. John Davenport, 
the founder of New Haven. Her maternal 
grandmother, Martha Davenport, was a de- 
scendant of Oliver Wolcott, a signer of the 
Declaration of Independence. She resided in 
Germantown, Pa. 

Zimmerman, Philip, son of Henry and 
Barbara (Greiner) Zimmerman, was born No- 
vember 22, 1812. He spent his early boy- 
hood days amid the rural scenes of a quiet 
farm life. His early school days were spent 
both at Churchville and Highspire. He 
early evinced an active disposition for busi- 
ness. He resided for several years on the 
farm near Middletown, now owned by Will- 
iam H. Ulrich. He exchanged this farm 
with David Brenneman, of Middletown, and 
moved to that place into the house that is 
now occupied by L. F. Hemperly. He first 
ran the old saw mill on Race street, and soon 
after sold this house to L. F. Hemperly and 
built for himself the house which Mrs. Sey- 
mour Raymond occupies. He engaged in 
business with Dr. Mercer Brown as Brown 
& Zimmerman, having a lumber yard and a 


saw mill at the "Point." Dr. Brown having 
retired, he associated himself with Joseph 
Lescure in the same business as Zimmerman 
& Lescure. The firm, after doing a large 
trade for several years, was, owing to losses 
and misfortune, compelled to make an as- 
signment and relinquish business. He was 
always active and energetic, and after this 
failure he was engaged in a number of en- 
terprises, but none of them proved to be very 
successful. He was married to Mary Vogle, 
daughter of the late Henry Vogle; she died 
November 26, 1881 ; by whom he had three 
daughters : Mrs. Kate Stofer, renowned as 
being the first editress of Pennsylvania, 
resided in Middletown ; Mrs. Ada Camp- 
bell, of Reading, Pa., and Mary, who died in 
infancy, and three sons, Joseph and William, 
who died in infancy, and Simon, who was un- 
fortunately drowned in the Swatara creek, 
by the upsetting of a sail boat, when he was 
about twenty years of a