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Mr. Hugh F. Bell 

j Cornell University Library 

I F 627W2 E92 

3 1924 028 872 807 




Cornell University 

The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 




Wapello County, Iowa, 


Representative Citizens. 


Capt. S. B. Evans. 

'History is Philosophy Teaching by Examples." 
1843 1900. 



George Richmond, Pres.; S. Harmer Neff, Sec'y; C. R. Arnold, Treas. 

Chicago, Illinois. 




CHE aim of the publishers of this volume has been to secure for the historic portion 
thereof full and accurate information respecting all subjects therein treated, and to 
present the data thus gathered in a clear and impartial manner. If, as is their hope, 
they have succeeded in this endeavor, the credit is mainly due to the diligent and exhaustive 
research of that well-known pioneer resident of Wapello county, Capt. S. B Evans, of 
Ottumwa, whose high character and recognized ability as an editor and author have brought 
him prominently before the people of the Hawkeye State. His patient and conscientious 
labor in the compilation and presentation of facts is shown in the historical port on of this 
volume. This record gives an elaborate description of the land and its aboriginal occupants 
before the opening of the "New Purchase," and a comprehensive account of the organization 
of the county, and of the leading events in the stages of its development from 1843 to the 
present time, as set forth in the table of contents. Certain subjects which Captain Evans 
hoped to introduce have been omitted for lack of requisite data, but all topics and occurrences 
are included which are essential to the usefulness of the history. Although the purpose of 
the author was to limit the narrative to the close of 1900, he has deemed it proper to touch 
on some matters overlapping that period. For any possible errors that may occur in the 
work, the indulgence of our readers is asked. 

The reviews of resolute and strenuous lives, which make up the biographical department 
of the volume, and whose authorship for the most part is entirely independent of that of the 
history, are admirably adapted to foster local ties, to inculcate patriotism and to emphasize 
the rewards of industry, dominated by intelligent purpose. They constitute a most appro- 
priate medium of perpetuating personal annals and will be of incalculable value to the 
descendants of those therein commemorated. They bring into bold relief careers of 
enterprise and thrift and make manifest valid claims to honorable distinction. If " Biography 
is the only true History," it is obviously the duty of men of the present time to preserve in 
this enduring form the story of their lives in order that their posterity may dwell on the 


successful struggles thus recorded, and profit by their example. These sketches, replete with 
stirring incidents and intense experiences, will naturally prove to most of the readers of this 
book its most attractive feature. 

In the aggregate of personal memoirs, thus collated, will be found a vivid epitome of 
the growth of Wapello county, which will fitly supplement the historic statement; for the 
development of the county is identified with that of the men and women to whom it is 
attributable. The publishers have endeavored in the preparation of the work to pass over 
no feature of it slightingly, but to give heed to the minutest details, and thus to invest it with 
a substantial accuracy which no other treatment would afiord. The result has amply justified 
the care thus exercised, for in our belief no more reliable production, under the circumstances, 
could be laid before its readers. 

We have given special prominence to tie portraits of representative citizens, which 

appear throughout this volume, and believe they will prove a most interesting feature of the 

work. We have sought to illustrate the different spheres of industrial and professional 

achievement as conspicuously as possible. To those who have kindly inferested themselves 

in the successful preparation of this work, and who have voluntarily contributed most useful 

information and data, we herewith tender our grateful acknowledgment. 

Chicago, III., December, igoi.' 


All the biographical sketches published in this volume were 
submitted to their respective subjects, or to the subscribers, from 
whom the facts were primarily obtained, for their approval or 
correction before going to press; and a reasonable time was 
allowed in each case for the return of the t\'pe-written copies. 
Most of them were returned to us within the time allotted, or 
before the work was printed, after being corrected or revised; 
and these may therefore be regarded as reasonably accurate. 

A few, however, were not returned to us; and as we have 
no means of knowing whether they contain errors or not, we 
cannot vouch for their accuracy. In justice to our readers, and 
to render this work more valuable for reference purposes, we 
have indicated these uncorrected sketches by a small asterisk (*), 
placed immediately after the name of the subject. They will 
all be found on the last pages of the book. 


Cable of Contents 

Chapter I. ;^ . 

Brief Sketch of Early Iowa , 11 

Its Territorial and State Organizations. 

Chapter II. 

Aboriginal Inhabitants 1.'! 

Geographical Description o£ Wapello County — Preparing for Settlement — An Indian Agency Established in the 
County — Sketches of General Street and Major Beach — Sketch of Wapello, for Whom the County was Named. 

Chapter III. 

Indian Census 3."i 

Names of Indians of the Sac and Fox Tribe, as Revealed by the Account Book of J. P. Eddy, the Indian 

Chapter IV 

South Ottum wa in Early Days r;2 

Graphic Description of the Indian Country Before the Whites were Permitted to Take Claims — South Ottumwa 
was at That Time the Scene of a Great Camp Ground. 

Chapter V 

Occupying the Land :i(i 

Description of the County's Physical Features Before the Advent of the Settlers — Recollections of Old 
Settlers — Extracts from an Address Made by Judge Hendershott. 

Chapter VI. 

How the Pioneers Lived 4(i 

Methods of First Settlers in Selecting Claims — The Cabins which were Their Rude Homes — Dietary of the 

Chapter MI. 

County Organization .'1(1 

An Instance of Claim Troubles — Illustrating how the Difficulty was Settled — Then Followed County Organi- 
zation and Other Evidences of Progress. 


Chapter \TII. 

Coi'NTY Seat Located 'i" 

The Town was First Named Louisville, but Indian Influence Prevailed, and it was Changed to Ottumwa — 
Board of Commissioners — Business at the First Session of the Board — The Town of Ottumwa from the Begin- 
ning — Pen Pictures. 

Chapter IX. 

Ottumwa and Its Institutions 'i? 

Public Schools and Churches — Fraternal Societies— Railroads of the County — Newspapers of the County — A 
Glance at Manufacturing Interests — The Carnegie Library. 

Chapter X. 

Ottumwa and Its Municipal Officers "'^ 

Official Roster of the City of Ottumwa — Names of the Diffsrant Persons Who have Hsld Elective and Appoint- 
ive Offices— The Postmasters of Ottumwa. 

Chapter XI. 

Ottumwa A\'atf.r Works and \\'ater IViwer ■"''S 

Origin and Development of AVater Power and Water Work, — Concise Statement Relating to the Enterprise. 

Chapter XII. 

The Coal Palace Period '■••J 

The Great Coal Palace .Advertising Ottumwa as the Center of a Vast Coal Region — Visited by the President 
and Other Distinguished Men of the Republic — Its Success Financially and Otherwise — List of Shareholders. 

Chapter XIII. 

Roster of County Officials and Census 104 

Names of Different Persons who Have Held Office in the County From the Beginning until the Year 1!M)1 — 
Population of the County by Townships, and Also by Towns. 

Chapter XIV. 

The Briscoe Gold Fever 112 

.Alleged Discovery of Gold on Bear Creek — The .Mania of Speculation that Ensued — Land Worth but S4II 
Per Acre Sold for S'l'H' Per .Vcre. 

Chapter X\'. 

Kelley's Army and His Fleet of Flat Boats 114 

Wapello County Invaded by a Horde of Organized Tramps, who Came on Flat Boats Down the Des Moines 

Chapter XVI. 

Improvement of the Des Moines River 1 IG 

An Historical Sketch — The Various Vicissitudes of the Proposed Enterprise — Causes of its Failure. 

Chapter XVII. 

Bench and Bar 1 29 

Early Members of the Wapello County Bar— Sketches of Eminent Lawyers and Jurists— Something About 
the Present Members of the Bar. 


. Chapter XVIII. 

The Medical Profession ..." 1 3,3 

Diseases and R.einedies of the Early Period — Primitive Doctors and Their Practices — The Profession as it is 

Chapter XIX. 

The Towns of the County l.T) 

Sketches of Eldon, Agency City, Eddyville, Kirkville, Dahlonega, Chillicothe and Blakesburg. 

Chapter XX. , 

Notable Events 1.51 

Important Events, Worthy of Record, Chronicled— Laying of the Corner Stone of the Carnegie Library Build- 
ing—Record of the Deaths of Prominent Citizens of the County — Destructive Fires— Notable Crimes and 
Their Punishment. 

Chapter XXI. 

War Record ICO 

Civil War — Spanish-American War, 

Last Will and Testament of P. G. Ballingall 192 

Biographical lilj' 




Abegg, Walter 499 

Abernathy, J. M '. ."ilid 

Abernathy, M. H 48() 

Abraham, Xils 'iO!) 

Acton, J. J -!«:! 

Ainley, Joseph 214 

Allbaugh, W. M (117 

Allen, C. R iil 

Allen, E. G (ili9 

Applegren, Gus 'J2() 

Areingdale, Arthur 4S4 

Armstrong, T, K (il9 

Armstrong, \V. B 2S(i 

Anderson, J. P 279 

Arnold, Mrs. Mary li-'U 

Arrison, N, L 2(i.'i 

Asbury, W. H. H 2(i2 

Bailey, G. L 19,S 

Baker, H. T 414 

Baker, J. R :ii:i 

Baker, L. D .")(« 

Baker, Dr. L. ] 424 

Bannister, Col. Dwight .'.57 

Bannister, Dr. M .■;92 

Bare, J. \' ."iKi 

Barnes, Stephen 477 

Beagle, J. F 479 

Beck, W. R 21)1 

Bell, A. W .■).->:! 

Bennett, C. P ."):•.■> 

Betterton, Edward Ii:i4 

Bizer, J. F .ISl 

Bolibaugh, Milan r]4S 

Bonnifield, W. B 2ir. 

Bosworth, C. A ; :!(i:i 

Boude, C. E 2SII 

Bowman, J. B 4.")() 

Box, Dr. J. C 42:! 

Bremhorst, Otto .172 

Brown, B. P 421 

Brown, C. P 422 

Brown, Hugh iil S 


Brown, W. A -WS 

Brown, W. A. C <149 

Buchanan, A. W 2.58 

Buchanan, \V. A 447 

Bullock, F. J :«)1 

Burbage, James ^U.") 

Burton, Mrs. Elizabeth J .)9(i 

Burton, S. H 402 

Caldwell, Paris 240 

Campbell, J. A 29(i 

Carman, J, B (i:!7 

Carpenter, L. M (U.S 

Carr, Alfred ()2:i 

Carr, S. B .■i24 

Chisman, B. F ."i.-il 

Cline, F. X :i7(i 

Cloyd, Mrs. \\'ealthy ."lOli 

Cobler, David ^Uo 

Cohagan, S. L .")()4 

Coleman, Alexander 4(IS 

Cornell, Seneca 2S1) 

Cottom, Albert 41! 7 

Creath, Geo. W (i29 

Cremer, Mrs. Rebecca J 1)21) 

Crisman, L. T .")9:i 

CuUen, S. C. & Company 28] 

Cummings, \\\ W ;).")! 

Daggett, Mrs. Susan E 207 

Daggett, ^\'. R 28,S 

Dailey. J. H (ilil 

Daniels, John 008 

Davis, G. D 4."):; 

Davis, Dr. Morris L :il2 

Davis. ^Villiam 4.1() 

Davis, W. Z 019 

Dean. E. L 027 

Decker, Adam ~>'S-> 

De Long, AV. W .)47 

Denny, William .'112 

Dennis, J. B .■188 

Devin Family, The ."lO.") 


Dible, John .').j9 

Dickins, G. W 497 

Djckins, Scott M 472 

Dimmitt, Beniah 'il') 

Dimmitt, Lincoln .)90 

Dimmitt, Samuel 449 

Dimmitt, W. H (Jl7 

Dixson, H. G 041 

Donelan, AV, J 40.i 

Dudgeon, Lafayette .11.5 

Dudgeon, S. B 4(i2 

Dysart, J. K 340 

Earhart, George 4;!1 

Eastburn, B. M .'iOS 

Eaton, Daniel :!71 

Edwards, lohn 001 

Elder, J. M 489 

Emerv, D. H 282 

Enoch, A. W 420 

Erskine, A, J O.")!! 

Evans, D. T .■)2.7 

Evans, Capt. S. B 24^1 

Fais, Garvais .>4."> 

Fecht, Emil :i40 

Ferree, J. D :i.'W 

Fetzer, W. H (iOO 

Fink. Fred J 018 

Fish, J. M .wl 

Flint, L T - .")29 

Ford, C, E 3.i9 

Foster, T. D 197 

Francis, Peter .547 

Friend, G. AV :i20 

Fritz, Henry .509 

FuUen, C. D OO:! 

Gardner, A. J .530 

Gardner, Mrs. Jane .571 

Garner, J. W 29(i 

Gibbons, T. E 21.'! 

Gift, AVilliam 594 



Godley, L. M y 27.) 

Goff, George W (538 

Gosney, L. S 040 

Goudy, G. T .'),S4 

Gray, J. D :I8] 

Green, J. R :il)4 

Green, W. H (i5j 

Guggerty, Lawrence 474 

Hackworth, J. T 231 

Hale, Shelton 308 

Hall, W. T 323 

Hamersley, T. J 3.')2 

Hamilton, A. H 240 

Hammond, I, H 375 

Hanawalt, Mrs, Caroline .Ill 

Hanna, Mrs. E. M (i47 

Hanshaw, I. M 033 

Hardsocg, Martin 369 

Harrow, A. G 407 

Harper, S. H '... 317 

Harper, W. T., Jr 203 

Harsch, E. G 4,80 

Harshnian, Eli <).i7 

Hatch, G. W '. 311 

Haw, Christopher 28.') 

Haw, George 2.56 

Heindel, G. F 387 

Heifer, J. W .'SI? 

Helman, J, B Oil 

Henry, Dr. C. A 461 

Herman, M. G 460 

Hicks, A. J., Jr ."i78 

Hill, J. F .")82 

Hills, Levi 212 

Hirst, AVilliam .")83 

Hodson, Reuben 612 

Holzhauser, A. W 37.") 

Howell, C. A .570 

Hull, J. E 374 

Humbert, H. C 520 

Hunt, \V, E 190 

Hutchison, Capt. J. G 240 

Hutchison, M. B 416 

Israel, H. J 537 

Israel, M. C 532 

Israel, R, T 526 

Ives, H. D 303 

Jewett, Joseph 626 

Janney, G. C 658 

Jaques, W, H, C 257 

Johnson, A, E ■5(i6 

Johnson, A. W 3SM 

Johnson, Elijah 500 

Johnston, Allen 267 

Kerfoot, J. F .378 

King, W. L 3.58 

Kitterman, G. W 403 

Kitterman, Samuel 64(i 

Knight, Z. T 611 


Knox, Dr. E. M 600 

Knox, J. F 6(i2 

Kriegh, J. S 57() 

Krueger, C. F 5.38 

Langford, J. L 033 

Lanz, W. J 406 

Lee, A. W 238 

Leighton, A. C 233 

Leighton, Henry 516 

Lewis,' Mrs. E. H 6j:! 

Long, Albert 587 

Lore, Levi 554 

Lottridge, G. D 355 

MacMillan, John 225 

Macoy, H.N 443 

Mader, A, J 3.50 

Manchester, J, C 255 

Mann, Mark 400 

Manning, Calvin .331 

McCarroll, C. T 200 

McCarroU, J. B 306 

McCollough, Samuel (i57 

McCormick, J. E 325 

McCoy, Mrs. Sarah W 312 

McDowell, J. H 6115 

McElroy , E. E 382 

McElroy, J. M 651 

McElroy, Rev. J. M 204 

Mclntire, Frank 380 

Mclntire, W. A 22.3 

McShane, James 450 

Melcher, A. W 485 

Metzger. Frederick 053 

Miller, W. H 307 

Mitchell, J. C , 237 

Montague, Henry 410 

Moore, E. W 007 

Morey, D. F 604 

Morrell, J. H 273 

Mowrey, J, B 413 

Murray, John 589 

Murray, Mrs. Catherine <i45 

Myers, C. M 388 

Myers, Samuel J 603 

Neil, W. J (i(i5 

Nelson, W. R 444 

Newell, David 570 

Newell, T. J 565 

Nosier, James 302 

Nye, G. L 377 

O'Brien, Moses 607 

O' Bryant, John 040 

Ockert, L. A 401 

Ogden, B. F 563 

Oldham, R. J <i-12 

Ostdiek, H. B...' 232 

Palmer, C. C <506 

Parker, Mrs. Pherryba 490 


Parks, John 58 

Parr, J. E 60 

Peck, H. E .31 

Pelham, W. S ;V) 

Phelps, A. B ■ 37 

Phillips, Henry .38 

Phillips, J. S .51 

Phillips, T, J 39 

Picken, Mrs. Eliza B 01' 

Porter, Robert .35 

Powelson, Leander .58. 

Proctor, Joseph 33i 

Pumroy, Mrs. Emma J 39l 

Prosser, C. H 45! 

Pumroy, Levi 22( 

Randal, E. L 30: 

Ream, Jacob 651 

Reece, W. M 211 

Reeve, ^^'illiam 31; 

Renfew, Mrs. Mary Ann 57' 

Reno, Norman 51 

Riggs, A. W 601 

Riggs, I. S .32, 

Robertson, Jas. F 47: 

Robertson, G. D 45 

Roemer, G. A 23>! 

Ruffing, Joseph 50i 

Ryerson, George 02 

Sackett, D. M 48 

Saner, George 46 

Sautbine, David 37 

Sawyers, Dr. S. H 03i 

Schlagater, Dominick 47- 

Schmidt, Bernard 47.' 

Schmidt, Garry 37( 

Schmidt, Henry 20' 

Schmidt, J. B 38 

Schwartz, John 40: 

Schwarz, Michael 35( 

Scott, J. W 601 

Sharp, C. M. D 62 

Shawver, S. A 541 

Shumaker, William 27: 

Simmons, F. W 43: 

Simmons, Rev. J . T. . 43 

Skinner, Frank 44. 

Smith, C. L (i2 

Snow, Heman 43' 

Spangler, Lewis 63 

Spilmau, J. H. R 53 

Springer, C. V (i:{ 

Steck, A. C 64 

Stevens, Dr. A. V 20 

Stevens, Frank 44 

Stevens, J. F 4,5 

Stevens, L. E 23 

Stewart, E. P .'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. .52 

Stodghill, Thomas go 

Streicher, Xaver 4(j 

Strickland, M. W 31 



Stuber, C. H Srv? 

Styre, S, S 224 

The Swift-Campbell Brick Co 431 

Theunisson, John 898 

Thomas, B. F 471 

Thornburg, T. M (i;-!.i 

Thornton, C. W 344 

Timonds, James ()44 

Tinsley, A. V .")77 

Traul, Thomas 410 

Trisler, John 22(1 

Trout, H, L 518 

Udell, ex., M. D .50(1 

Ulmer, Morris 030 

Vance, F. E. , M. D 440 


Vance, Dr. W. Vf .5!)!) 

Vanfossan, W. P 42.5 

Vass, John C 020 

Von Schrader, Frank 432 

Walsh, C. A 31)3 

Waugaman, W. A .5.58 

Ward, Patrick 44(i 

Warner, Sylvester 483 

Warren, A. J .50!) 

Warren, W . ]...•. i 025 

Waterman, H. L 41!) 

Webber, L. A 504 

Wellman, J. F 3!I7 

Wellman, Mrs. Minerva .541 

Wertz, H. J ' 04.5 

White, J. M ' 447 

Whitcomb, Frank 052 


Williams, Dr. A. 349 

Williams, J. H 201 

WiUiams, R. M /. OO!) 

Williams, W. E .5()3 

Wilson, G. A 047 

Wilson, Ira .524 

Wilson, Dr. J. B 252 

Wilson, J. M .5],S 

Wilson, P. S 054 

Withall, George 291 

Wood, J. S 2!)S 

Work, W. A 211 

Wycoff, J. C 053 

Wycoff, W. B 3.3!) 

Wyman, W. C 05O 

Young, Abraham 453 



Acton, J. J 482 

Anderson, J. P 278 

Baker, L. D .502 

Ban'nister, Col. Dwight 330 

Barnes, Stephen 470 

Beck, W. R 200 

Bennett, C. P 'ilU 

Bizer, J. F 580 

Bonnifield, W. B 204 

Bullock, F. T 300 

Carnegie Library Building 77 

Carr, Alfred (}22 

Crisman, L. T 5!)2 

Cobler, David 342 

Cottom, Albert 430 

County Poor Farm, south and north 

view 105 

Decker, Elizabeth, Cora E. and 

W. J 521 

Decker, Mr. and Mrs. Adam 520 

Dickins, G. W 494 

Dickins, Mrs. Martha E 4!)5 

Dimmitt, Beniah 574 

Dimmitt, Mrs. W. H 015 

Dimmitt, W. H 014 

Donelan, W. J 404 

Dudgeon, Lafayette 514 

Earhart, George 428 

Earhart, Mrs. Emma M 42!) 

Elder, J. M 488 


Evans, Capt. S. B 242 

First Hewed Log House in Wa- 
pello County 47 

Foster, Thomas D 190 

Group picture of Maj. Beach, Gen. 

Street and Agency Bldg. ..... 10 

Hackworth, James T 228 

Hackworth, Residence of James T. 22!) 

Hall, W. T 322 

Hammond, I. H 374 

Hanshaw, S, M 0:i2 

Hardsocg, Martin 308 

Harper, S. H 210 

Harrow, .A. G 400 

Haw, Christopher 2S4 

Heifer, J. W 310 

Hnmburt, H. C 52S 

Hutchison, J, G 248 

Johnson, Elijah 508 

Johnston, Allen 300 

Long, Mr. and Mrs. Albert and 

Family 58(i 

Lottridge, G. D 354 

Macoy, H. N 442 

Manchester, J. C 254 

Manning, Calvin 32!) 

Manning, Edwin 328 

McDowell, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. and 

Family 004 


Mclntire, ^V. A 223 

Miller, Mrs. Eady C " :i(")0 

Miller, W. H .-id.-, 

Mitchell, J. C . 2.3(1 

Mowrey, J. B 4] 2 

Ottumwa Coal Palace 94 

Ockert, Lee A 400 

Pelham, Mr. and Mrs. William... 550 

Phillips, Henry :i(-;4 

Phillips, T. J 390 

Prosser, C. H 4,5,^; 

Shumaker, William 072 

Stuber, Mr. and Mrs. C. H. and 

Family .-,,-,(; 

Thomas Family Group 470 

Vance, Dr. W. W 593 

Wapello County Court House 


Wapello County Scenery, The 

Phantom Lady 147 

Wapello County Scenery I44 

Warren, Mr. and Mrs. A. J 5(jS 

Waterman, Hon. H. L 4]8 

Wellman, J. S ,540 

Williams, Dr. A. O . . 34g 

Williams, W. E 502 

Withall, George 290 

Work. W. A. . . ; 310 

f)\%m of mapello County 



Its Territorial and State Organizations. 

What is now known as the State of Iowa 
became a part of the United States in 1803. In 
1804 it was included in what was, known as the 
district of Louisiana. March 3, 1805, it was or- 
ganized as a part of the Territory of Louisiana. 
In 1812 it was included in the jurisdiction of 
the Territory of Missouri, and in 1834 it be- 
came a part of the Territory of Michigan. In 
1836 it was included in the Territory of AVis- 
consin. In 1838 it was organized as the Ter- 
ritory of Iowa, and was admitted into the 
Union as a State in December, 1846. The 
first legislative body that ever sat in the pres- 
ent limits of the State of Iowa was the Ter- 
ritorial legislature, which was composed of a 
few men and which was convened in a little 
room in an old frame building, gone years ago, 
situated on Front street, Burlington, in the 
winter of 1838. Robert Lucas, a former gov- 
ernor of Ohio, was appointed by President 

Van Buren to be governor of the Territory of 

Iowa. Governor Lucas was disposed to wield 
the large veto power he possessed with the 
sway of an autocrat and a stormy session was 
the result. The great wrangle arose over the 
location of the capital of the Territory. Both 
Burlington and Mount Pleasant, in the south- 
ern part of the Black Hawk purchase, wanted 
it, while their opponents favored a central lo- 
cation. The central party won. Three com- 
missioners were appointed to select the site of 
the seat of government within the limits of 
Johnson county. They decided on a place, and 
laid out a square mile, which they called Iowa 
City, and there the capital was located. The 
eighth and last Territorial legislature was held 
there in 1843-44. In February, 1844, the leg- 
islature adopted an act, submitling to the peo- 
ple of the Territory the proposition to form a 
state constitution and to apply for admission 
to the Union. The measure carried, and the 
convention met at Iowa City in October, and 


on the first day of the following November fin- 
ished its work and reported a State constitu- 
tion and State boundaries. The latter did not 
meet with favor. The line between this State 
and Missouri lay 30 miles north of its pres- 
ent location, and the western line stopped far 
short of the Missouri River. By a small ma- 
jority, the people rejected the lines. May 4, 
1846, another convention assembled and an- 
other constitution, prescribing the present 
State boundaries, was drafted. The people 
.adopted it, Congress adopted it, and Iowa, was 
admitted as a State, December 28, 1846. 

On the 15th of January, 1855, a bill relo- 
cating the capital within two miles of the Rac- 
coon fork of the Des Moines River, and for 
the appointment of commissioners, was ap- 

proved by Governor Grimes. The site was se- 
lected in 1856, the land being donated to the 
State by the citizens and property owners of 
Des Moines. An association erected a build- 
ing for a temporary capitol, and leased it to the 
State at a nominal rent. On the 19th of Oc- 
tober, 1857, Governor Grimes issued a procla- 
mation, declaring the city of Des Moines to be 
the capital of the State of Iowa. The removal 
of the archives was a task of difficulty, as the 
records and safes had to be drawn from Iowa 
City to the new capital on sleds, and it was not 
until December, 1857, that the removal was 
completed. On the nth of January, 1858, 
the seventh general assembly convened at the 
new capital. 



Geographical Description of Wapello County — Preparing for Settlement — An Indian 
Agency Established in the County — Sketches of General Street and Major 
Beach — Sketch of Wapello, for Whom the County was Named. 

The annals of Wapello county begin prop- 
erly with its organization as a civil district, but 
it will be of abiding interest, not only to the 
present generation, but to those who are to 
follow, to have a written record of the develop- 
ment of civilization, and this will necessitate 
an examination of the circumstances that led 
to the early settlement of the country, and of 
its aboriginal population. 'There were no fierce 
wars to determine the possession of the ter- 
ritory; the conquest was in a manner peaceful, 
beginning with the cession of the .Louisiana 
province by Napoleon, and ending in the dif- 
ferent treaties with the Indians, who had 
actual possession and certain rights that could 
not well be ignored by the American people. 
The Indians are unique and interesting, with an 
uncertain origin and a past that must be al- 
ways buried in oblivion. A chapter or two of 
this work will be devoted to them as they were 
revealed to the early settlers who came in con- 
tact with them, when they were probably liv- 

ing as their ancestors had lived prior to the 
discovery of the continent. 

The early settler himself was a distinctive 
character, who cannot be ignored in a work 
of this kind ; he encountered privations, and 
the way in which he conquered the wilderness 
and laid the foundations of a state under 
the most discouraging circumstances is a 
never-failing subject of interest to the student 
of history. Therefore, there will be no apology 
necessary for the space that is occupied in de- 
tailing the stories of adventure that illustrate 
the lives of the hardy men and women, who 
were the pioneers of civilization in a new and 
strange country. 

geographical description. 

The county of Wapello is situated in the 
second tier of counties from the southern line 
of Iowa, and is bounded by Mahaska and Keo- 
kuk oil the north, Jefferson on the east, Davis 



on the south, and Monroe on the west. The 
civil townships are Competine, Highland, 
Richland, Columbia, Cass, Polk, Center, Dah- 
lonega, Pleasant, Agency, Washington, Keo- 
kuk, Green, Adams; 14 civil townships. The 
principal stream is the Des Moines River, 
which enters the county in the corporate limits 
of Eddyville and flows in a general southeast- 
erly direction, finally leaving the county on the 
southwest quarter of section 35, township 71, 
range 12, thus dividing the county into nearly 
equal parts. Competine township is drained 
by Competine and Wolf Creeks and a number 
of tributaries. Cedar Creek crosses Richland, 
Highland and Pleasant townships ; into the 
Cedar flows Brush and Little Cedar Creeks and 
a number of small branches. The Des Moines 
River on the south is fed by North and South 
Avery and Bear Creeks. Little Soap Creek 
flows nearly eastward through Adams, Green 
and Keokuk townships, and empties into Big 
Soap Creek in Davis county. Village Creek 
empties into the Des IMoines River in Keokuk 
township. The southern part of the county 
was at one time well timbered, but the native 
stock has been greatly reduced by the process 
of cultivating the soil. A large part of the 
county on both sides of the river is embraced 
within the region of the most valuable portion 
of the Iowa coal field. The soil throughout 
the county is generally very fertile, yielding- 
abundant crops of corn, oats and the grasses. 


The steps of organization, which led to 

the marking out of the boundaries of Wapello 
county, may be summarized as follows : Orig- 
inally it was included in the Louisiana Pur- 
chase of 1803; in 1804 this territory was di- 
vided into the governments of Louisiana and 
Orleans. In 1812 Louisiana was admitted into, 
the Union, and the country north of it was then 
called Missouri Territory. From 1812 to 1834. 
that region of country now embraced in Iowa 
was a part of Missouri Territory. In the 
latter year Iowa was placed under the jur- 
isdiction of Michigan and was known as. 
a part of Michigan Territory. In 1837 
the State of Michigan was admitted into 
the Union, and this had led to the organiza- 
tion, in the previous year, of a new terri- 
tory under the name of Wisconsin; Iowa 
was then a part of Wisconsin. Iowa was cre- 
ated as a separate territory in 1838. In 1833 
a treaty was made with the Sac and Fox tribe, 
of Indians, by the terms of which the country 
lying west of the Mississippi River and east of 
the west line of Jefferson county was ceded to- 
the United States by the Indians. On the nth 
of October, 1842, a second treaty was made 
with the same tribe, by which the remainder 
of Iowa was ceded. Under this latter treaty 
the whites were not permitted to settle within 
what are now the boundaries of Wapello coun-- 
ty until the ist of Alay, 1843. 

We are now brought up to that period prior 
to the occupation of the county by the set- 
tlers and to the time when the Indians still held, 
possession, and also to the time when Gen. 
Joseph M. Street, as the Unitcl States Indian-, 
agent, established a post at Agency. 

MAJ. JOHN BEACH, Agent Sacs and Foxes. GEN. JOSEPH M. STREET, Agent Sacs and Foxes. 

{From portrait painted in 1815.) 

1. Old Agency Building. 2. Grave of General Street. 3. Grave of Chief Wapello. 




The following sketch of General Street is 
taken from A. R. Fulton's book (now out of 
print) "The Red Men of Iowa:" "General 
Joseph M. Street was born in Virginia, Oc- 
tober 1 8, 1782. He was appointed to the 
agency of the Winnebagoes in 1828, and in the 
autumn of this year arrived at Prairie du 
Chien, his family remaining for a short time 
in Illinois. During the winter he returned and 
removed his family also to the agency. He 
was a strict Presbyterian, and his was the first 
family professing the Protestant faith to lo- 
cate at that place. After the treaty of 1837, 
by which the Sacs and Foxes relinquished 
'Keokuk's Reserve' on the Iowa River, and 
the Indians agreed to remove further west, 
General Street was transferred from the 
agency at Prairie du Chien to the new agency 
of the Sacs and Foxes on the Des Moines. In 
accordance with this purpose, early in 1838 
General Street took measures to locate a new- 
agency as convenient as practicable to the prin- 
cipa-1 villages of the Indians. Accompanied by 
the chief, Poweshiek, and a party of Indians, 
he set out to examine the country and selected 
the location, where the town of Agency City is 
now situated in Wapello county. He at once 
contracted for the erection of the necessary 
buildings, — including a family residence and 
office, blacksmith shop and stables. The con- 
tractor ■ was from Clarksville, Missouri ; he 
brought with him a large force of mechanics 
and laborers, including a number of negro 
slaves. The work was soon completed. In 

April, 1839, General Street removed his family 
to the new agency. In the meantime his health' 
had been gradually declining, and before the 
close of the year he had become almost totally 
disabled, owing to a complication of obstinate 
maladies. On the 5th day of May, 1840, he 
was out riding with his brother-in-law, Dr. 
Posey, who had been attending him profession- 
ally. On returning home, he alighted from 
the carriage, and seating himself in the door 
called for a cup of cold water. When the ser- 
vant brought it, he remained motionless in the 
chair. Dr. Posey was immediately called, and 
came without the delay of a minute, but too 
late. The General had died while sitting in his 


Major John Beach, who succeeded General 
Street as Indian agent, was born at Gloucester, 
Massachusetts, February 23, 1812. At an early 
age he entered Portsmouth (X. H.) Academy, 
where at ten years of age he took a prize for 
proficiency in Latin, and at thirteen he ex- 
celled in Greek. He was appointed a cadet 
at West Point at the age of sixteen, and grad- 
uated in the class of 1832 at the age of twenty 
years. Soon after he received his commission 
as second lieutenant in the First U. S. Infantry, 
of which Zachary Taylor was colonel. He 
was assigned to duty on the frontier and in 
1838, his hearing having become impaired, he 
resigned from the army and was for some time 
employed in the United States land office at 
Dubuque. In the meantime he had married a 
daughter of General Street, and succeeded him 



as agent in 1840. From 1847 ""til 1863 he 
was engaged in mercantile pursuits at Agency 
City, where he died, August 31, 1874. He dis- 
charged all his duties as an officer and a citizen 
with fidelity. Prior to his death, he had com- 
pleted a series of valuable historical articles, 
entitled "Old Times," which were published in 
the newspaper of his own town. From these 
papers, the author of this volume will quote as 
follows : 

In the fall of 1837 Major Beach accom- 
panied General Street, who conducted a party 
of 30 chiefs to the East, and while there they 
visited Boston. Major Beach says: "There 
were two theaters then in Boston, and a strug- 
gle ensued between them to obtain the presence 
of the Indians, in order to 'draw houses.' At 
the Tremont, the aristocratic and fashionable 
one, the famous tragedian, Forrest, was filling 
an engagement. His great play, in which he 
acted the part of a gladiator, and always drew 
his largest audiences, had not yet come off, and 
the manager was disinclined to bring it out 
while the Indians were there, as their presence 
always insured a full house. General Street, 
being a strict Presbyterian, was not much in 
the theatrical line, and hence the writer, who 
had recently become his son-in-law, took these 
matters off his hands; and, as he knew this 
particular play would suit the Indians far bet- 
ter than those simple, declamatory tragedies, in 
which, as they could not understand a word, 
there was no action to keep them interested, he 
finally prevailed upon Mr. Barry, the manager, 
to bring it out, promising that all the Indians 
should come. 

"In the exciting scene, where the gladi- 
ators engage in deadly combat, the Indians 
gazed with eager, breathless anxiety; and as 
Forrest, finally pierced through the breast with 
his adversary's sword, fell dying, and as the 
other drew his bloody weapon from the body, 
heaving in the convulsions of its expiring 
throes, while the curtain falls, the whole Indian 
company burst out with their fiercest war- 
whoop. It was a frightful yell to strike sud- 
denly upon unaccustomed ears, and was in- 
stantly succeeded by screams of terror from 
among the more nervous of the ladies and chil- 
dren. For an instant the audience seemed at 
a loss, but soon uttered a hearty round of ap- 
plause — a just tribute to both actor and In- 

"After ceding the belt of country upon the 
Iowa side of the Mississippi, as heretofore 
mentioned, and having considerably increased 
the width of this belt by an additional cession in 
the treaty of 1837, the Sacs and Foxes still re- 
tained a large and most valuable portion of our 
State. This last treaty was negotiated Avith the 
party whose visits to Washington and other 
eastern cities we have just mentioned, and was 
concluded on the 21st day of October. This 
was the first treaty ever made with the Sacs 
and Foxes, in which the principle was incor- 
porated that had just then- begun to be adopted, 
of making the sum allowed the Indians for their 
land a permanent fund, to be held in trust by 
the United States, upon which interest only, at 
the rate of five per cent, would be annually 
paid to them. Hitherto it had been the custom 
to provide that the gross sum granted for a 



cession should be paid in yearly installments. 
For instance, $10,000 in regular payments of 
$1,000, over a term of ten years, would have 
left the Indians, at the end of that time, desti- 
tute of all further benefit from that cession. 
But now the more humane policy had come 
to be followed — of saving for them, in per- 
petuity, the principal sum. For their cession of 
1837, they were allowed $200,000; upon which 
the interest annually paid is $10,000; and the 
treaty of October 11, 1842, that finally dis- 
possessed them of their land in Iowa, pays 
them $40,000, as the interest upon $800,000, 
which, together with the payment by the United 
States of a large amount of claims, and some 
minor stipulations of a cash character, was the 
consideration for which that cession was ob- 
tained. Under a very old treaty, they were 
also receiving an unlimited annuity of $1,000, 
so that now there is the yearly sum of $51,000 
payable to the Sacs and Foxes, as long as any 
of their people live to claim and receive it. 

"This treaty of 1837 also stipulated for the 
erection of mills and support of millers; the 
breaking-up and fencing of fields ; the estab- 
lishment of a model farm, and other schemes 
of the pestilent brood of so-called philanthro- 
pists who were then beginning to devise their 
various plans for plundering the savages, and 
fastening upon theuT their hosts of vampires 
and leeches, schemes causing the outlay of 
many thousands of dollars of the money grant- 
ed to these Indians for their lands, from which, 
it is safe to say, they never derived the slightest 

"Appanoose persuaded General Street that 

Sugar Creek, between Ottumwa and Agency, 
was 50 miles long, and the General had a mill 
erected on it. A freshet occurred within the. 
next twelve months or so, sufficient in size andi 
force to wash it away ; but the, writer doubts if 
ever a bushel of grain was ground in it, nor, 
had it stood to this day, and had the Indians ^ 
remained to this day, does he believe they could 
have been prevailed upon to have raised a 
bushel of corn to carry to it. Another mill was 
put up on Soap Creek, and when the writer took 
charge df the Agency, in June, 1840, that was 
also destroyed ; but as that was a better stream 
and as he was fortunate enough to secure the 
services of Peter Wood, a man who fully un- 
derstood his business, and was honestly dis- 
posed to attend to it, a second mill that was. 
erected fared better, but the Indians took no 
interest in it whatever. 

"A large field, cornering where the creek 
just below the depot at Ottumwa debouches 
from the bluff, was made and cultivated for 
one of the villages then located opposite. The 
field extended in this direction and toward the 
river. .-Vnother was made on the opposite bank 
near to the villages, and still a third in the 
same neighborhood, giving one to each of the 
three villages located opposite and below Ot- 
tumwa. A splendid wheat crop, harvested by 
the hands employed on the Pattern Farm, was 
stacked and a very high fence built around until 
it could be threshed ; but, in a very little time, 
the young men, too lazy to hunt up their ponies 
if turned out to graze, and having no squaws 
of whom to exact the duty, tore down the 
fences and turned their ponies upon the grain. 



"At the time of General Street's decease, the 
Indians were occupying their country with 
their permanent, or spring and summer vil- 
lages, located as follows : Upon the bank of the 
Des Moines, opposite the mouth of Sugar 
Creek, where there is quite a spacious bot- 
tom extending for a mile or more below, 
where the bluff closes in pretty closely 
upon the bank, and for a much longer 
distance in the up-river direction toward 
and past Ottumwa, was the village of Keo- 
kuk; and still above, were those of Wapello, 
Foxes, and Appanoose, a Sac chief. Ac- 
cording to the writer's present memory, that of 
Wapello was the intermediate one. Keokuk 
himself had selected a pleasant, commanding 
and picturesque point for his own summer wig- 
wam, some half way up the side of the blufif, 
in the rear of his village, where, with his own 
little field of corn and beans, despite the large 
field of Uncle Sam just beneath him, he en- 
joyed the otium ciun dignitate of his authority 
and rank during the hot weather. 

"His wigwam was a very conspicuous ob- 
ject to a traveler along the road that crests the 
bluff and winds down the long hill to Sugar 
Creek on this side. From his elevated position, 
where, like another Robinson Crusoe in the 
boys' story books, he could contemplate himself 
as 'monarch of all he surveyed,' he had a fine 
view of the three villages spread beneath him, 
as well as of the bluffs and bottoms for a con- 
siderable distance up and down the river on 
this side. Several of the lodges in every town 
had their own small patches of cultivated 
ground in the neighborhood of their villages; 

but the hillside, now covered by Ottumwa, 
seemed to offer them more attractive spots for 
this purpose, probably because the soil was 
more easily worked, and situated more favor- 
ably for the influence of the sun than upon their 
side of the river. A light, easily turned soil 
was, of course, an object to the poor squaws, 
upon whom devolved the duty of working it 
with their hoes, and of inserting the rickety 
posts that, with light poles bound to them, 
made the fence, not exceeding four feet in 
height, but, in general, very respectfully treated 
by the ponies, the only animal liable to intrude 
injuriously upon their fields. 

"The whole hillside on its lower slope, for 
they seldom cultivated it more than half way 
up, was occupied in this way by the Indians, 
from some distance below the depot fully up 
to or above the court house; often the writer, 
on the receipt of some instructions requiring a 
'talk' with the leading men, in order to save 
time, and to the Indians the trouble of a ride 
to Agency, has appointed some shady spot in 
one of these patches. 

"The Indians seldom occupied their per- 
manent ^'illages, except during the time of 
planting or securing their crops, after which ■ 
they would start out on a short hunt, if the 
annuity — which was generally paid within the 
six weeks from the ist of September — had not 
yet been received. Immediately after payment, 
it was their custom to leave the village for the 
winter, hunting through this season by families 
and small parties, leading the regular nomad 
life, changing their location from time to time, 
as the supply of game and the need — so es- 



sential to their comfort — of seeking places near 
to timbered streams best protected from the 
rigors of weather would require. 

"The village of Hard Fish — or Wishe- 
comaque, as it is in^the Indian tongue — which 
was quite as respectable in size as any of the 
old villages, was located in what is now the 
heart of Eddyville, named for J. P. Eddy, a 
trader, who was licensed in the summer of 
1840, by the writer, to establish his trading post 
at that place. He continued to trade there until 
the treaty of final cession in 1842, and was the 
most fortunate of any of the large traders in 
finding his schedule of claims against the In- 
dians very little reduced by the commissioners, 
whose part it was at that treaty, to adjust all 
outstanding claims against the Sacs and Foxes. 

"The writer cannot locate the place exactly, 
according to our state maps, although he has 
often visited it in Indian times ; but somewhere 
out north from Kirkville, and probably not 
over 12 miles distant, on the bank of Skunk 
River, not far above the 'Forks of Skunk,' 
was a small village of not over 15 or 20 lodges, 
presided over by a man of considerable influ- 
ence, though he was not a chief, named Kish- 
kekosh. This village was on the direct trail — 
in fact it was the converging point of the two 
trails — from Hard Fish village, and the three 
villages across the river below Ottumwa, to 
the only other permanent settlement of the 
tribes, which was the village of Poweshiek, a 
Fox chief of equal rank with \\'apello, situated 
•on the bank of the Iowa River. 

"About the time that Eddy moved out his 
stock of goods from Burlington to his licensed 

point at Hard Fish village, P. Chouteau, Jr., 
& Company also obtained an addition to their 
license for a post at the same place, and put up 
a small establishment some fourih of a mile be- 
low Eddy, on the river bank. In the same 
winter, of 1840-41, W. G. & G. W. Ewing, of 
Indiana, who had already acquired large wealth 
in the Indian trade, but never yet had dealt with 
the Sacs and Foxes, obtained a license and 
had their point assigned them just at the mouth 
of Sugar Creek, on the Ottumwa side, where 
they soon got up a large establishment, filled 
with a full and valuable stock. This post was 
started, and, for a year or so, conducted by 
a Mr. Hunt, a gentleman of far more educa- 
tion, refinement and culture than is often found 
among the resident Indian traders. 

"Previous to the treaty of 1542 some few 
changes were made in their location, both by 
the Indians and among the whites. The house 
at the 'Old Garrison' was broken up, and one 
established in its stead up in the Red Rock 
region, near the mouth of White Breast; and 
Keokuk, also, moved his village into the same 
neighborhood. A second blacl smith was ap- 
pointed, named Baker, son-in-law of Colonel 
Ingraham, one of the pioneers of Des Moines 
county, and a person of considerable character 
and influence in his county. Baker died at 
Fort Des Moines, still in the service of the 
Indians ; but when appointed, he built his resi- 
dence some half a mile east of the Agency, not 
far from the claim taken by the late William 
Newell, father of L. F. Newell, by whom the 
property was subsequently purchased and add- 
ed to his farm. 



"The Sacs and Foxes were quite friendly 
and manageable; in fact, were very pleasant 
and agreeable people to live among, and all 
public and personal intercouse with them rolled 
smoothly along the well-worn track, without 
much of incident or marvel, until the final sale 
of their remaining Iowa domain. Sometimes 
incidents would occur, possessing excitement 
or amusement enough to encroach for a little 
upon the monotony that otherwise might have 
become tedious, of which the writer will en- 
deavor to recover the memory of one or two 
that may amuse the reader. 

"The Sacs and Foxes, like all other In- 
dians, were a very religious people, in theii 
way, always maintaining the observance of a 
good many rites, ceremonies and feasts in their 
worship of the Kitche Mulito, or Great Spirit. 
Fasts did not seem to be prescribed in any of 
their missals, however, because, perhaps forced 
ones, under scarcity of game or other edibles, 
were not of impossible occurrence among peo- 
ple whose creed plainly was tO' let tomorrow 
take care of things of itself. Some of these cere- 
monies bore such resemblance to some of those 
laid down in the book of Moses as to have 
justified the impression among biblical students 
that the lost tribes of Israel might have found 
their way to this continent. 

"The writer was a witness, one delightful 
forenoon in May, 1841, of a ceremony that 
seemed full of mystery, even to those of the 
Indians who took no part in celebrating 
it. A large lodge had been set up for 
the occasion on the level green, near 

Keokuk's village, and its sides left so 
entirely open that vision of the proceedings 
conducted within was entirely free. Close 
around was a circle of guards or sentinels, evi- 
dently 'in the secret,' as they were close enough 
to hear, but at a distance far enough to prevent 
eavesdropping of the low tones used within the 
sacred precincts. Inside of these guards was 
another and much larger circle of sentinels, 
who restrained all outsiders (of whom the 
writer had to content himself with being one) 
from crossing within their line. Keokuk 
seemed to be the chief personage among the 
performers, and the performance to be de- 
signed for the exclusive benefit of one old 
fellow of some importance in the tribe, who 
was mainly distinguished from those about him 
by being clad in a much scantier pattern of 
raiment. Sometimes they would place him on 
his feet, and sometimes on his seat, as they 
powwowed and gesticulated about him. Final- 
ly, while in a sedentary position, with a large 
pile of blankets behind him, Keokuk ap- 
proached in front, pistol in hand, apparently 
aimed at his forehead. 

"There was an explosion, quite audible to 
us outsiders, and a no small puff of smoke, and 
the old savage went over on his back in quick 
time, where he was covered up and left among 
the blankets, \yhile a good many 'long talks' 
were held around and over him, until at length, 
Keokuk, taking his hand, brought him to the 
sitting posture, and soon after i,o his feet, ap- 
parently none the worse for having been used 
as a target. The outside multitude of Indians 



gazed with marked awe throughout the entire 
performance, and maintained, withal, the deep- 
est silence." 

It will be appropriate in this connection to 
introduce a sketch of Wapello', the chief in 
whose honor the county is named. We take 
this sketch from Fulton's "Red Men of Iowa." 


"The name Wapello signi6es prince or 
chief. He was head chief of the Fox tribe, arid 
was boi-n at Prairie du Chien, in 1787. At the 
time of the erection of Fort Armstrong ( 1816) 
he presided over one of the thrive principal vil- 
lages in that vicinity. His village was on the 
east side of the Mississippi, ii'^ar the foot of 
Rock Island, and not far from the famous 
Black Hawk village. In 1829 h^ removed his 
village to Muscatine Slough, on the west side 
of the Mississippi, and then to a place, at or 
near the present town of Wapello, in Louisa 
county. Like Keokuk and Pashepaho, he was 
in favor of abiding by the requirements of the 
treaty of 1804, and was therefore opposed to 
the hostile movements of Black Hawk. 

"Wapello was among the chiefs present on 
the occasion of the liberation of Black Hawk 
at Fort Armstrong, in 1833. At that time, 
after several chiefs had spoken, he rose in the 
council and said T am not in the habit of talk- 
ing — I think! I have been thinking all day; 
Keokuk has spoken; I am glad to see my 
brothers ; I will shake hands with them. I am 

"The name of Wapello appears signed to 

several treaties relinquishing lands to the 
United States. He was one of the delegates 
who accompanied Keokuk to Washington in 
1837. On that occasion he made a very fa- 
vorable impression by the correctness of his de- 
portment. He made a speech in the council, 
which was held at that time by the secretary 
of war for the purpose of reconciling the Sioux 
with the Sacs and Foxes. After Keokuk had 
spoken, Wapello commenced his speech by say- 
ing : 'My father, 3'ou have heard what my 
chief has said. He is the chief of our nation. 
His tongue is ours. What he says we all say. 
Whatever he does we will be bound by it.' 
It was conceded that Wapello's remarks were 
sensible and pertinent, and although he did 
not possess the fine form and cornmanding 
presence of Keokuk, many thought his speech 
was not inferior to Keokuk's. 

"After the conclusion of the business at 
Washington, the delegation visited Boston, 
where they held a levee at Faneuil Hall, and 
were afterward conducted to the State House, 
where they were received by Governor Everett, 
members of the legislature and other digni- 
taries. The governor addressed them and the 
chiefs replied, Keokuk, as usual, speaking first. 
He was followed by Wapello, who said : T 
am happy to meet my friends in the land of 
my forefathers. When a boy I recollect my 
grandfather told me of this place where the 
white men used to take our forefathers by the 
hand. I am very happy that this land has in- 
duced so many white men to come upon it; 
by that I think they can get a living upon it. 
I am always glad to give the white man my 



hand, and call him brother. The white man is 
the older of the two; but perhaps you have 
heard that my tribe is respected by all others, 
and is the oldest among the tribes. I have 
shaken hands with a great many different 
tribes of people. I am very much gratified that 
I have lived to come and talk with the white 
man in this house where my fathers talked, 
which I have heard of so many years ago. I 
will go home and tell all I have seen, and it 
shall never be forgotten by my children.' 

"In the spring of 1842 Wapello had left his 
village on the Des Moines, not far from the site 
-of the present city of Ottumwa, to visit the 
grand scenes of his former hunting exploits. 
It was in March — the dreary month of storms 
— but there were days when all nature seemed 
to rejoice at the near approach of the season 
■of springing grass and budding leaves. Alas ! 
The good chief had numbered his winters on 
■earth. His moccasins were never again to 
press the green carpet of the prairies, nor fol- 
low the trail of the deer amid the coverlets of 
the forest. While encamped with his hunting 
party on Rock Creek, in what is now Jackson 
township, Keokuk county, he was taken sud- 
denly ill. Surrounded by his faithful follow- 
ers, he lingered but a few days, and then on 
the 15th of March, 1842, his spirit passed away 
to the better hunting grounds. To the curious 
it may in the years to come be a matter of in- 
terest to know that the closing scene in the 
■earthly career of this good Indian chief was 

on the northwest quarter of the northeast quar- 
ter of section 21, township 74, range 11. 

"In accordance with a request made by 
Wapello some time before his death, his re- 
mains were conveyed to the agency for inter- 
ment near those of General Street, the former 
beloved agent of the Sacs and Foxes. The 
funeral cortege accompanying the remains con- 
sisted of 25 Indians, three of whom were 
squaws. (Samuel Hardesty drove the ox 
wagon, in which the body was conveyed.) In 
the presence of Keokuk, Appanoose and most 
of the leading men of the tribes, on the same 
evening of the arrival of the body, after the 
usual Indian ceremonies, the interment took 
place. Since then the remains of Wapello have 
peacefully reposed beside those of his pale- 
faced friend, and suitable monuments mark the 
resting place of both. Many years ago the 
author copied from their gravestones the fol- 
lowing inscriptions : 


Memory of 

Gen, Joseph M. Street, 

Son of Anthony and Molly Street, 

Born Oct. 18th, 1783, in Virginia; 

Died at the Sac and Fox Agency, 

May .5th, 1840. 


Memory of 


Born at Prairie du Chien, 1787; 

Died near the Forks of Skunk, 

March 15, 1842. — Sac and Fox Nation. 



Names of Indians of the Sac and Fox Tribe, as Revealed by the Account 
Book of J. P. Eddy, the Indian Trader. 

In the year 1840, J. P. Eddy was ap- 
pointed Indian trader at the Hard Fish vil- 
lage, on the site now occupied by Eddyville. 
The author of this work has in his possession 
the book of accounts kept by Eddy, in which 
the names of the heads of families and single 
Indians are preserved, giving the number in 
family and the articles purchased. This is, 
perhaps, the only document in existence that 
contains the names of the Indians of that 
period, and is therefore very valuable. The 
book was presented to the writer by Richard 
Butcher, of Eddyville (now deceased), who 
was a clerk or assistant in the trading house 
of Mr. Eddy. The names are written in a 
very plain handwriting, and with ink that still 
preserves its glossy black color to a remark- 
able degree. We have, therefore, not only 
the names but as nearly an accurate census 
as could possibly be taken. The names of 
some of the prominent chiefs and leading men 

appear in the list that follows. The total 
number of persons represented is 2,004. The 
purchases made by the Indians were calico, 
blankets, powder, lead, scalping knives, a few 
parasols, saddles, bridles, handkerchiefs, mus- 
lin, broadcloth, pocket knives, ribbons, ver- 
milion paint for the purposes of decoration, 
hunting knives, coffee, sugar, etc. Kishke- 
kosh, who was a chief, ran up a bill amount- 
ing to nearly two hundred dollars. The 
names of other chiefs appear, such as Wa- 
pello, Pashepaho, and Keokuk's wife. 

No. in family. 

Mink Col Che Roc 4 

We Shield O Ma Quat ,'. 8 

Paw caw caw 3 

Waw pe mah Whey 2 

Mashe wac quah i 

Pam me po Ko 4 

Assaw waw mink i 

Nam maw Reah 4 

Lah Lah waw pit 7 

Pup pe qua pac quae 5 

Ne Kail ack quack g 

Ke we Tshah cooss sat ; 3 



Paw Po Tsay 3 

Sha Sho want 2 

Fah she Kah Tshik ' i 

She pe pec ■. 6 

Wass ay hon wa 7 

Tshah Kat Taw cos see 7 

Not Taw Tass cee 2 

Kac Kenaw watassee , 4 

Kot tac que ' 11 

Minsh CO 2 

Ah Taic 2 

Nam maw Kea 4 

No Ten o Kah i 

Ah Shah so 8 

Kash Ke pu 5 

Wap pwa ah Tuc 4 

Ah put tah hone I 

Peu Keen nack 5 

Mool a ma 7 

Quas Quis si 4 

Mash que quah Tah wa 2 

Watch che wea 2 

Wass at tan no qua...... 3 

Shah maw Kaw 2 

Mack quaw Tas 2 

We te munt 3 

Mack atq Hah quata 3 

We Yah i 

Mash que pac Ke . . . . •. 6 

Saw Pee quae que .... 2 

Man Whay 7 

Wah we so 4 

Ah cow we mah , 3 

Mack cat tan can 3 

Nam me pash qua i 

Mat che seppo 4 

Ne Kal 00 Sah hat 4 

Mash quah Ka 7 

Kat tat tah 3 

Mink coh che Ke 4 

Muk quaw 2 

Waw push e con 7 

Kah tah Kow wall 3 

Me Kass se qua 5 

Pam me Tuck Wuc Tshe 2 

Mant hi Ke ne -. . . 6 

O Ke mant 5 

Pam me po Ko 4 

Wass ay hon wa 7 

Tshh cat taw quah 6 

Wah pe Kac Kaic White Hawk 7 

Ka tan no qua 5 

Sah Kash Kee 3 

Ken Niss a s 

Pe at taw we o Ke mant 8 

Nac ot to cop paw 5 

Ah tah moon e qua 7 

Wac Kam mo 2 

Wah Kaw pe Shick i 

Kat Tac qua 11 

Pash Ko whah 3 

Min Cup pay ' I 

Tslie Quu . 4 

Assaw watali quat 3 

Ke cool ass i 

Tsha cal a ma S 

Noqk Kah whay 4 

Assaw wash Koow 3 

Mink che pah 6 

Wah pe Koss pah 4 

Wah CO Shaw 2 

As aw wee 2 

Pam me hat 2 

As si wal i Ri .. i 

Nan Ne maw wlia 2 

Wah pusha Kac qua 3 

Resh Rat tap pe qua 2 

We sha pit i 

Mo Me te ne . - i 

She Col ah wah ■. 2 

Mah che ne no 5 

Puss ays 4 

Ass aw assam mo i 

Ro Raw ho '. i 

Ke we nin ne 3 

Wah pee moy whay 2 

Kush Ko maw 2 

Paw ne tc te 2 

No shay co 2 

Kah Ke os sa qua ' 3 

Ah tshe auaw Lo na 7 

Quos que ton i 

Mack cah tow con 3 

Ash qua Mah i 

Tac cum messac 3 

Mah tah pay i 

Tshah tsah coos sah qua 5 

Meshe muh tuck quah 4 

O tac Kone 3 

Mank ke we na 3 

O Ke maw assam 4 

Meal wa ma qua 5 



Os Kush I 

Wah Wah Ke 2 

Allem Peen 7 

Nut che min 4 

Ah Pah am p pee 3 

Mash quah wat 3 

Mash qua Tah 4 

Pan e nan nese 5 

Sackitto 6 

Que yam ma 3 

Ni an no i 

Ne mah Ka Wha S 

Ah Shah soo : 8 

Mu or Re mo tah i 

Sac ko wa Kah 5 

Kee wa wic kay 10 

Pal ah See 4 

No Tick Kah '. 4 

Wah cum mo 3 

Kow we Kul Suck 4 

Pwa E nak kee 3 

Push Ko 6 

Kiesh kow tamp pee 4 

The son of Shackeo 4 

Mack OSS penia 4 

She CO Call an ke 12 

Kac ke na wa Tase 11 

Ke o tah quah i 

I am o us 2 

Am mo wah 3 

Ko ko at cha S 

Ap pah lah nose '.'. 4 

Chaw Ko Kaw wah 3 

Pam mas sah hat S 

Me shat che qua i 

Wah pal nah tuck 5 

Kash ke pai i • 

I ah wa che 3 

She koo kaw kac , i 

Wa pa pe qua 4 

Wah Saw pen ent 4 

Wapo low I 

Mai ah quaw i 

Mint taw waw kaw pit 3 

Pal La noss ah 3 

Nin cot ta hit 3 

Kot Tah whah i 

Ash Shish ke we i 

No Ro Mack i 

Mol Cat te Cat Tul i 

Mai taw taw 2 

Pshah Tshah pa we 3 

No tut tiz Eu 2 

Tsho wah 3 

Me ah Kee 3 

Was ash Kee i 

Sha Ra ho i 

Ash ke packaw whah 4 

Kish Kee Kosh I 

Chow ko cow wah 10 

Pey new nese 5 

Wah posh e mock que 3 

Wah tass sah ko i 

Muk que bol lah Shaw 2 

Hah not taw 2 

Nis so Kat or Pam ma ho i 

Ah quam mant i 

Puck Cut tup pu I 

Ashe- came 2 

Mack Kose 3 

Ke Ke Kep sah i 

I moo ass 5 

Us cos She quah i 

Sho wa kea i 

Mackata qua 4 

Kook 4 

Nan to wa ka 10 

Pallo qua 7 

Nam ma Enin nee 4 

Ac kan nee 3 

Mash CO kaw i 

Mack e nee 4 

Caw is see i 

Assaw E call ak i 

Kah Ke mo i 

Kah Kah Kee cak quaw 4 

No Kuh qua 2 

Ka ke me 2 

Nah pwe Ta hat 5 

Way sa han nue 5 

Wah we Tah Cah 2 

Mank kek qua 4 

Saw wah 6 

Packe ses So i 

Pat tac quee 6 

Tshe quass 3 

Re mant 5 

At che kaw hon i 

Pe qual lo i 

No tak kay 3 

Tshe quaho 4 

Miss aw wat 2 



Quail quee eas i 

Shaw ma Kole 2 

Wah wah cassam 4 

Equa enint tomant , 4 

Mat taw we qua i 

Nan nass wa we wa i 

Wah pe caw paw I 

Wah puss aye 4 

Mush quee packee 6 

Wah camm mee *. 3 

Auck que Sok I 

No Tah Ra 3 

Cass ah quu I 

Wah pee Mo Wha 2 

Wah wa sah 4 

Pie maush kee 3 

Wah pas as mo qua 2 

Assaw wishe no qua i 

Mack Kat Tow as se 2 

Sho na Kee 7 

Ke wah ma hoo wha i 

Kat tac qua i 

I Ke maw qua 3 

Mint ' che 3 

La wah Re wah i 

.Wah pe mauk 6 

Kat che Okemant., 6 

Not tuw nur 5 

Kash Kat tap pequa 2 

Ka pe CO ma 5 

Mala Okemant 4 

Ash ke pack ka 5 

Ma kas ah 6 

Mack at tah na na macke i 

An o Tah 4 

Ne sho we na 2 

Ah Lah me 5 

Shah La quah uk 9 

Shay Pur 5 

Ne Po quah 2 

Wah cam mee 2 

Pea qualo co 2 

We tah wah nawpe 3 

Mac Kata Equa i 

We Ne Kan nawk 4 

To kon e qua i 

Ash keu Tah 7 

Ka To To Se 7 

Nay qu ash K 3 

Nah mass we hah 2 

Wah we Yah tan 2 

Kat che kam equa 

Ko shah a 

No kah whay 

Assam mit 

Ke shus 00 muk o kuc 

Ke she asa 

Kat ah may 

Be nos see 

Shah kah pe 

Me kes e ne ne 

Qu ak kah 

Ne Sho Ta 

Que ah que yes 

Mack e naw 

Cap pen na qua 

Tshe call pa 

No tan osh kuck 

O ne e She 

Ne kah tah quak 

Com me 

Batiste ,. 

Pam mail ho 

Wis con sin 

Kesh Co 

Kal O niah 

No a hawk 

Qu ash qu et an 

Mat she nam mas . . . . 

Nin naw ke 

Wa pap peu 

Mash quah pose 

Mack E Naw 

Wah pah she con 

Ash ah he qua 

Kah sham maw nee 

Che nah pec 

At tan no qua 

Tshee cam mack qua . 
Me Couh U quah . . . 

Mee Kess Tah 

We t mough 

Sha ne Kah 

Pas e tak nah tuk . . . 

Che quat e mo 

Sah we Yah co se ... 
Pash ke Lah sant .... 
We Shick O ma quet 
Kew wa taw wappee... 

Kish kah tah 

Ke o Kuck 

Was see quaw ko .... 

, 4 










. 2 















. I 




Ke wat che 4 

Ne she wash kuck 4 

Peat taw we ok maw 2 

Shah way 6 

Shah cat tap pe 5 

Shah pot taw 5 

Wah ko pushito 6 

We sheet 2 

Na mass we cah pah i 

Pack Kai tai .' 3 

We sha kah wah 14 

Wah pe sha qua mink . . . 10 

Mint taw wa qua i 

Kos sa quaw 3 

Kai shay Okemant 3 

We kai cos sah hat -....• 4 

Mank is say 4 

Mack et che 4 

Ah kah qua 6 

Mack e paw 6 

Pe wee nee ! I 

Ma nay 5 

Tshe Kas Kuk 3 

Batist, Biss on nette 3 

Poh Pah ke ay 3 

Pam mes sat 5 

We sah kah lay i 

We pay tay 2 

Kah ke we she 3 

Shah poui kay 4 

Mam wa tuclc , 3 

Wah Say So qua 3 

Wa pa ma ha 4 

Ka con way nah 8 

Man a to wah ' 7 

Wah pe swoeh 2 

Wah pat tea hat 6 

Kan was so '. . . 6 

Ne kah nah a tah 2 

Mush wah a to 3 

Kah kah tslie kah 3 

Shah wah no ho noqua 3 

Mak wuk mootuy ' 

Meah lah what ; . . i 

Tshocl< ko not 18 

Shay Kee i 

Sa nee kee i 

Tsh ah kah sho .~ 4 

Mash quash wat 3 

A la quah to 3 

Wick e yah i 


N k kee wa wekay ^ 

Matche mo ho cos 4 

A tah me ho 3 

Sah kah pan no qua I 

Pam a maky ; ^ 

Mash que pa Ky o 

Pass o qua , 3 

Nash e as kuk and Brother 4 

Am a wah 4 

Mek kah tahal lo e to 12 

No pot 6 

Not ah Ke i 

Me Kess e ne ne 3 

Noo ah Kuck i 

Wah Co shah sha 2 

Ne pope 14 

Nay quah Huck : 3 

Ne See Kee 8 

Mo Kese 6 

Pat ta ssah 3 

Wah wah seek kee caw 2 

Tshah tshah pe we 3 

Nam me peay ' 6 

Pack a tuck , I r 

Wat che Ho 3 

Wah wah kee 11 

Pea tea Shah 6 

Ne pat to 2 

Wa pa loo's Brother r 

Ke wa quack •. 2 

Nah Nah he Kit 9 

Mali he can nee 6 

Wala tah call 3 

Polla Los wa 4 

Queen na Mo , 4 

Ka kac que Mo 2 

Mash wa e can 6 

Sho Kap peay 8 

Waw we Yal tan 3 

Mam mackaw Eshik 3 

Paw Kcc 4 

Saw lies qua 3 

Na ho tuck 6 

Wa pi shic i 

Ah ah we hah i 

Wape camish kuck i 

No ak ten Kah qua i 

Ne Kail Sah quack 9 

Mat tah pay son i 

Kasha Okemant 6 

Mo na say no we 4 



Qua qua tsh ysay 7 

Mai ant ch qua 4 

Mac ket ah assan ; 3 

Mat tot cho no tah ket 6 

Wah lash 3 

Waw pall o ka 6 

Nah cot ta we noe 6 

Anoo way S 

Sah Re win nah Kah pah 5 

Wah Wah Kee i 

Nah waw qua i 

Paw nu shic 5 

Wah pe sha quah mink : S 

Taw wah nin ne 6 

She paw Sah me i 

Wah paw quat 4 

Ac R Ray E niu nee 3 

Mink cat ta wassit i 

Ac Ree nam Mass we tuck 5 

Mai a to pack S 

Pan nac nac Ka hawk i 

We taw wee 7 

Na so kat ta 6 

Moc kaw ho CO .■ . 3 

Kal a pe qua i 

Mat tat tah 4 

Wa Sam Me Sa 8 

Kaw kaw paw hah g 

Man a to appen no 3 

Naw naw happee 6 

Mam me a she co S 

Kesh Kit tan . . . / 4 

Kan no tappee i 

Wah Rah tapa 4 

Waw pal cos sa squa 4 

Wah pit che qua 2 

Sak Kaw cha Shick ' 4 

Wap pe nah may i 

Tshah Kee Seppoo 5 

Kah Kah Kee i 

Matche S 

Nansh shee 5 

Wah pe hai kac 3 

Man a too am mick . . . ., .- 6 

Ah sho wa hock 9 

Ap a pah we ne 3 

Ac Kee Dam moos sa noo tak i 

Tshee Kaw pai 4 

Sah Kah now quato 4 

Quas h quam mee S 

Tap paw Shu 3 

Wah can na 5 

No Shac Ko 2 

Pan me Kaw wat 8 

Nan noh he kit 9 

Wah we Yash Ke Shek i 

Kah Ke Kay 7 

Ma Show ass 2 

We can nessat 6 

Cass appee 2 

Nan tan no qua i 

Na may qua 3 

Mea CO i 

Queen no wa peah 3 

Wah pe man e too 3 

Ah not tah 7 

Nah man e qua 2 

She pash qua 6 

Paw ne nen ne 5 

Pe we nee i 

Sackitto 5 

Paw waw que ' 7 

Sissah sah ho 2 

Ashe pack qua 3 

Apeppe pen wa pose 5 

Wah we Yash Ke Shic 5 

Tshah Rah Mant 18 

Kah Kou we na 1 

An a Mo Sah i 

Mack ata Equa Kaw 8 

No tee Kay 3 

Ne Cole lah quack 3 

Tack Ro Sah 5 

Calumet 3 

Man A Nee 3 

lyo nay 6 

I Yapp am miss ai i 

Nah sah wah Ray 5 

Pea Shah Kaw 2 

Pait che Kah Shay 3 

Pah we Shic i 

Shah So mat ta 4 

Tshah Ke Mackoo 1 

Wah pe Rack ay 6 

Mai a Too Packe 5 

Nesh wah que i 

Paw we Shick 6 

To Ke Casha 6 

Tol Lah Whah i 

Que we we 3 

Mah Whay Tah ." , i 

Kail omac quah 4 



Nah Nah wa Ke hat 4 

Pam me Ke we ta 5 

Mon a nee 2 

Peat tac qua 3 

Saw Kern mah 4 

Tsha Kah Mant i 

Ah Lo Tah 2 

Nac Kose 3 

Tshe cah pay 3 

Pash E Kaw eah 6 

Sah Tack i 

Kal em p pee 2 

Mesh at Che Qua 1 

Pah his 6 

Manney co ah I 

Ash ah, E qua 2 

Tass Sa Sha Shik 3 

Nah Ya Shee 3 

Nah quail nat 5 

Ys pe naw 4 

Rap ash cah 4 

Kish Ke Kosh i 

Shah que quat 2 

As hehe way i 

Pal al Nos wa 4 

We yat tsh ah cah 4 

Yalo qua \ 5 

Ot Tshe poi qua 2 

Re Sha sa qua 5 

Ne cal ap pit 2 

Tos Ah Mon i 

Was Sah Pit i 

Total 2004 



Graphic Description of the Indian Country Before the Whites were Permitted to 
Take Claims — South Ottumwa was at that Time the Scene of a Great 
Camp Ground. 

A. W Rankin, an honored citizen of Davis 
county, was a youth wlien tlie early settlement 
of Davis and Wapello counties was made, but 
he has preserved a \'i\'id recollection of what 
took place; he has recently contributed two or 
three chapters of his early life to the Davis 
County Farmer, from which we make the fol- 
lowing extracts : 

"The writer was sent to Meek's Mill or 
Bonaparte with another party, knowing that 
the limit allowed each man was but five bush- 
els. After waiting nearly a week for my 
turn I was told that I was too little to claim 
a turn, and was sent home with my five bush- 
els of grain unground. But then we would 
not starve Avith plenty of unground grain, 
plenty of fuel to cook with and salt and pork 
to season with. Yes, and plenty of venison, 
wild turkeys, prairie chickens, etc., — the last 
named so plentiful that we often trapped doz- 
ens of them in a day, — and wild honey to 

sweeten anything. Although the lads went 
to the dance clothed in leather breeches and 
buckskin moccasins, and ladies tripped the light 
fantastic in stocking feet; they were happy 
then as now. Yes, they even courted and mar- 
ried as they do now, and the affable preacher 
or genial squire who^ tied the knot charged 
about the same price then as now, but had to 
take his pay in truck of some kind, usually 
wheat, corn or coon skins. A sheep was gilt- 
edge pay. But sometimes the anxious groom 
would have to stand the preacher off awhile, 
as they do now. 

"Yes, Mr. Indian often came to our houses, 
ate and drank with us, partook of our hospi- 
tality and was verv friendly, there being no 
fear on our part, although these same Indians 
( Sac and Fox), under their great leader. Black 
Hawk, had been at war with us less than ten 
years before. 

"The writer helped to build the first school- 



house, also the first church, and assisted in 
opening up the first mile of public road in 
Davis county. This first school-house was 
built on the site of the settlement now called 
Stringtown or Dover, and was constructed of 
logs, with clapboard roof, weighted with logs 
or poles ; the puncheon floor was hewed from 
split logs; greased paper was used for part of 
the windows ; a huge fireplace, large enough to 
take in six-foot wood, was an important fea- 
ture, — the wood being supplied by voluntary 
contributions. Seats were made by splitting 
small logs in two and supporting them, with 
the fiat side up, on large pins or legs inserted 
in the lower or rounding side of the seat; these 
seats were so high that the smaller children 
could scarcely touch the floor. The door was 
made of split pieces, secured together with 
wooden pins, and was hung on wooden hinges, 
not a nail being used in the building. Picture 
these surroundings and then imagine the ap- 
pearance of the teacher, AA'illiam Olney, with 
clean hands and face, hair combed straight 
back, and armed with a huge gad, and you have 
a fair idea of Davis county's first school-room. 
The teacher was to receive $15 per month, 
payable in wheat, corn or coon skins. 

"Along in 1841 or 1842 John and Peter 
Marson built the first mill in Davis county, 
aside from the Government mill before spoken 
of. It was about one mile southwest of 
Stringtown on the raging Fox River, and was 
a water-mill, run by horse power. Unfortu- 
nately, among the first teams hitched on was 
a skittish one, that ran away with the mill. 

"Now start out with us, five men and a 
boy, the writer, to look at this Indian country, 
all west of where Troy now stands, filled with 
Indians, wild game, bees and honey, if not 
with milk. Near where Drakesville now 
stands we struck the Mormon trail, — a plain 
wagon road made by those deluded people fol- 
lowing their leader, Joseph Smith, driven by 
exasperated Missourians, wending their lonely 
way, about the year 1838, through this Indian 
territory to found Nauvoo. The road was 
quite plain at this time (March, 1841). We 
followed this road southwest and crossed Fox 
River one mile southwest of where Drakes- 
ville now stands. After going southwest part 
of a day we reversed our course and traveled 
toward the other end of this Mormon road, 
going northeast and down by Lick Springs 
and where Floris now stands, finding plenty 
of Indians all along the way, who offered no 
resistance. When nearing the Des Moines 
River the party concluded to visit Keokuk's 
village, an Indian town where now stands 
South Ottumwa. This Indian village con- 
tained a population supposed to number about 
2,000 inhabitants. 

"We rode our horses into the river and 
watered at the head of a large island, the south 
side being the main and steamboat channel, 
now dry farming or garden land. We con- 
tinued back through the Indian village and still 
further south to their burial ground, which 
interested me more than an}- other feature 
about the place. There the virtues of the de- 
parted were pictured upon rude posts or slabs, 
— I think some of these were of cedar, but most 



of them were of more perishable wood, that 
certainly could not last more than twenty 
years. But upon these post or slabs were 
jjainted in unmistakable signs by loving hands 
the great merits or deeds of the one quietly 
resting beneath, for almost all were buried 
beneath the sod in this particular burying 

"Some paintings showed the deceased in 
the act of slipping up on a lone deer and shoot- 
ing it with bow and arrow, others wrestling" 
with a bear or buffalo, while some of the dead 
were represented as being carried from a great 
distance as the rising or setting sun. Others 
told the story, T killed my white man ; see his 
scalp in my hand,' or 'I killed my Sioux In- 
dian,' the unmistakable delineation of the fea- 
tures of the Sioux or Pawnee face telling the 
tribe. So these pictures told the story of the 
dead without using a single letter of our alpha- 
bet as certainly as the sculptured chiseling upon 
the Egyptian tombs of Rameses or Thothmes, 
made before Cadmus invented letters. 

"This Indian village seemed to me, a boy 
as I was, to be back from the river nearly a 
mile, from which they were hauling water 
in neatly-dressed skins of animals, hung be- 
tween two long poles, one on each side of their 
horses. I should judge that a horse would 
haul as much as a barrel of water at a time. 
I wondered why they did not build their town 
near the water instead of at a distance that re- 
quired them to haul their water. This pro- 
cedure, however, was a military necessity, for 
a foe forming under the cover of the river 
bank might annihilate the town at short range. 

while to charge across an open plain for a mile 
would be quite another thing. 

"These Indians (Sac and Fox) were as 
well, if not better, armed as any of the Indians 
of the whole Northwest or upper MississiiDpi 
valley. But their longest range guns — flint- 
lock rifles — could not reach more than a hun- 
dred yards or two hundred yards at the most. 
A gun, bow and arrow, tomahawk and scalp- 
ing knife, with a little paint, was the full out- 
fit of a warrior. 

"x\s some who read this may never have 
seen an Indian, I will say that almost all the 
tribes inhabiting the upper Mississippi valley 
were quite similar in color, stature, etc., while 
to the practiced eye there was difference 
enough to notice. They were all copper-col- 
ored, high cheek-boned, with little or no beard 
and with but little hair on the head, straight 
and rather tall, had little to say to us, and were 
stoical and indifferent tO' passing events. 
They were clad in a breech clout, surmounted 
with a heavy woolen blanket of civilized manu- 
facture, often very greasy and dirty, and this 
clothing was used by men and women alike. 
Their food was dirty and filthy in the extreme. 
This picture I think will apply to all the tribes 
of the upper Mississippi valley, but not to the 
Sioux nor to those farther west, and I will say 
that I have seen some of nearly all the tribes 
of the central portion of North America. 

"All, or nearly all, these Indians were 
lazy, dirty and filthy in camp and tramp, the 
men leading an easy, indolent life on foot or 
horseback, while the female portion of the 
community ■ showed every sign of care, cau- 



tion and drudgery, performing all the work in 
the camp, whether in the village or in the coun- 
try. Crouched in the tent, the saddle, or hold- 
ing on to the dear little ones with the vigil of 
a mother, countenance dejected, the Indian 
women seemed worthy of pity; they had a 
bountiful supply of thick, long, flowing black 
hair, occasionally combed in a rude manner 
with their fingers. This is a fair picture of the 
Indians of the upper Mississippi valley. 

"But I will return to our Keokuk village 
in 1 84 1, where now stands South Ottumwa, 
1 90 1. Keokuk was chief, but I do not recol- 
lect seeing him nor Chief Appanoose nor Che- 
c|U€st. But I think Hard Fish, the war chief, 
was there. Black Hawk, the noted warrior 
and statesman, had died about two and a half 
years before, and was buried near lowaville. 
But vandal white hands had carried away his 
body, and not one of his bones can be found 
to-day, his skeleton having been consumed to 

ashes about the year 1840, through the burn- 
ing of a building in Burlington, Iowa, where 
it was secreted. 

"Many of the houses of this village had 
an upper story, reached by steps or notches cut 
in logs or poles, and all the houses were cov- 
ered with bark peeled from trees in such an 
ingenious manner that we soon learned to imi- 
tate their example and to co\er our own houses 
and porches in the same way. 

"Now^ as I walk down those long and beau- 
tiful streets in South Ottumwa, crowded with 
a busy throng, and I stop to cjuench my thirst 
from the clear, cool water just from the well, I 
inwardly ask myself is this water drained off 
those poor savages buried here in my day as 
well ascenturies before? Then it was war and 
hate ; now, I trust, it is love and peace and 
good will on earth." 

It is a pleasure to rescue the above fresh 
and charming description and place it where 
it will be preserved for future generations. 



Description of the County's Physical Features Before the Advent of the Set- 
tlers — Recollections of Old Settlers — Extracts from an Address Made by 
Judge Hendershott. 

All the lands now included in Wapello 
county were open, unoccupied and awaiting 
ownership in the year 1843, when the Govern- 
ment removed restrictions, opened the gates 
and bid the settlers to come forward and 
choose farms for themselves ! It was a great 
heritage that came to these men of adventure, 
who had pushed forward to the borders of civ- 
ilization on the heels of the departing Indians. 
It was land that had lain unstirred by the plow 
from the date of creation, and was rich beyond 
all ordinary measure; the Indians did not pre- 
tend to utilize it except on the bottoms, where 
their squaws would stir up the ground with a 
rude hoe, plant a few hills of corn and beans 
and gather small crops at their convenience or 
as their wants demanded; the great body of 
land had never yielded anything but the spon- 
taneous products of the soil. We do not suffi- 
ciently realize what a grand inheritance this 
was that had been kept in a state of nature for 

so many centuries for the use of the first set- 
tlers ! 

The site of Ottumwa and the surrounding 
country was beautiful and picturesque; all the 
land on the north side of the river at an early 
period was covered with a dense growth of 
forest trees ; all the bluffs, that are now trav- 
ersed by streets, some of which are paved, 
were thickly studded with oak, elm and hick- 
ory trees; the low places, or flats, near the 
river bank were overgrown either with tall 
prairie grass or by thickets of haw, plum or 
hazel brush. On what is now Main street 
there were various ponds that were made the 
resort of wild fowl in the proper season, and on 
the south side of the river, on the site of what 
is now known as South Ottumwa, there was a 
beautiful plain covered with grass; on the 
heights beyond South Ottumwa there was a 
thick body of ''timber" or forest trees and a 
dense growth of underbrush. 



There was no lack of game in the days 
before the white man came; there were herds 
■of buffalo ranging on the prairies and count- 
less herds of deer and elk ranging between 
Ottumwa and Eddyville. In the forest there 
were wild turkeys in great numbers, on the 
prairies and near the groves were prairie chick- 
ens. Occasionally a black bear would waddle 
•down to the river and then go back to its den 
in the woods. This is a picture of the county 
and its natural conditions prior tO' the advent 
of the white man, when the wild animals and 
the wild men were the only occupants of the 
soil. This is the picture as described by old 
Jim Jordan, who was a trader at lowaville in 
the days when Black Hawk was still alive and 
after he gained his great victory over the 
lowas a few miles below Eldon. This is the 
picture as described by army officers, who, with 
their dragoons, occasionally scouted the coun- 
try between this place and the Raccoon Forks. 
It was this wild but beautiful country that in- 
vited the adventurous settler to a home, on the 
first d^y of May, 1843. Before night of that 
day there were not less than 2,000 persons ac- 
tually inhabiting the county. The most of 
these had been squatted along the line of the 
county, in Jefferson county, preparatory to 
passing into Wapello as soon as midnight ar- 
rived. The greater part of these early set- 
tlers were engaged the last half of the night 
of the 30th of April and the ist of May, 1843, 
in marking out their claims. This was done 
by setting stakes in the prairie and blazing 
trees in the timber. These claims embraced 
from 80 to 320 acres each. 

As might be expected, the work of locating 
and defining- these claims, much of it being 
done in the night, was very inartistically done. 
Many of the boundary lines were crooked, dis- 
jointed and encroached the one upon the other. 
This inevitably led to many disturbances 
called "claim difficulties." It must be quite 
apparent that these difficuhies must find some 
peaceable means of adjustment. To meet this 
necessity the earlier inhabitants organized what 
were called "Claim Committees." A claim, 
when bona fide made and held, was as sacredly 
protected as are homes and lands of the pres- 
ent inhabitants. The judgment of these 
crudely organized, though necessary, tribunals 
were enforced by summary process. This 
process was generally a plain, written state- 
ment of the opinion of the "Claim Committee," 
setting forth the right of the injured party 
and the wrong complained of, and an order to 
the wrongdoer to abide by and submit to the 
judgment of the court, in default of which the 
power of the county was invoked to carry out 
and enforce, on the spot, the judgment.. From 
the judgment of these "Claim Committees" 
there was no appeal or stay of execution. 

In the year 1874 Hon. H. B. Hendershott, 
who was himself one of the early settlers and 
the first clerk of the District Court, was in- 
vited to deliver an address at a meeting of the 
Old Settlers' Association. That address has 
never been equaled by any similar effort, and, 
inasmuch as it contained the truth of history, 
it would not be wise to do anything else than 
to draw largely from it rather than to attempt 
to improve upon it. It is a valuable historical 



production and should be inserted entire in 
these pages, but space will not permit. We, 
therefore, quote that which seems indispen- 
sable in making a complete record of import- 
ant events that have transpired since the first 

Judge Hendershott, in the course of his ad- 
dress, said : "Among th.e very earliest settlers 
in the county of Wapello are the following: 
In Competine township, Joseph Leighton ( fa- 
ther of A. C. Leighton), Mahlon W'right, 
Jesse Scott, Dr. Lewis, Alexander Smith and 

"In Pleasant township, George Harmon, 
John Henderson, James Hill, John Murray, 
John Huffstutter, James T. Coleman, Lewis 
F. Temple, George Hanna, Thomas Larwood, 
Samuel McGee, Thomas Brumsy (father of 
Samuel Brumsy, Esq.), Manley Blanchard, 
John Philips, Calvin Carson, Hiram Fisher, 
John McDowell and Templin McDowell. 

"In Agency township, James Weir (sub- 
sequently Judge of Probate, and father of Dr. 
Weir, of Agency City), James Stevens, 
Charles F. Harrow, S. S. Dwire, William H. 
Cogswell, Joseph Myers, Maj. John Beach, 
William B. Street, Alexander Street, J. H. D. 
Street (sons of Gen. Street, the Indian agent), 
Reuben Myers, Jesse Brookshire and H. B. 

"In Washington ■ township, John Priest, 
Gideon Myers, Joseph H. Flint, S. M. Wright, 
Silas Garrison, Thomas Ping, James Acton, 
John Acton, L. A. Myers, G. D. La Force, 

Joseph Hayne, Demps Griggsby, Thomas Fos- 
ter, Daniel Dennison and Green B. Savery. 

"In Keokuk township: Joseph Mclntire, 
Seth Ogg, William C. Mclntire, J. J. Seaman^ 
Benjamin Young, William Kendrick, Robert 
H. I vers, Curtis Knight, Jesse Wallace and 

"In Green township were : D. H. Michael 
(once sheriff of the county and now member 
of the beard of supervisors), Benjamin Baum,. 
Richard Jackson, Ezekiel Rush, Benjamin 
Powell, Isham Higdon and A. J. Redenbaugb 
(once clerk of the board of county commis- 
sioners, a good officer and honest man). 

"Passing on around to Adams township, 
we find : James F. Adams ( for whom the 
township is called), Theophilus Blake, Cyrus 
Van Cleave, Lawson Bradley, the Brocks,. 
Drapers, Ralstons and others. 

"In the western part of the county, then 
not organized into townships as now, were:- 
Joseph Gardner, Moses Baker, Frank Bates, 
James Sales, Abram Butin, Samuel Webb,. 
Bird Pritchett, Noah Doffiemeyer, Lewis My- 
ers, George F. Myers, L. L. Denny, L. Stump,, 
Samuel Bush, J. P Eddy, John Kavanaugh, 
Abner Overman, James Baker, Walter Clem- 
ent, William R. Ross, Joseph Roberts, Stephen- 
Roberts, Lorenzo Roberts, William Black, 
Richard Butcher, Henry Segur, Michael- 
Welch and D. Campbell. 

"In Richland township: T. M. Kirkpat- 
rick. Dr. Kirkpatrick, David Whitcomb, John- 
Baker, J. G. Baker (Uncle Gurley, you know),. 
Isaac Fisher, William Brim, James B. Wright,. 



John D. Bevens, the McGlassons, A. J. Spur- 
lock, John Kirkpatrick, Wilham A. Winsell, 
John M. Spurgeon, Hugh Brown (once a clerk 
of the District Court and always a good citi- 
zen), Thomas Hardesty, Hill and Bayliss. 

"In Highland township : J. W. Carpenter, 
George Godfrey, William Evans, James AA^est, 
Jedediah Scott, William Harris, Washington 
AA'illiams, George Robinson, James Van AA'in^ 
kle, M. A'V." McChesney. 

"In Dahlonega township: Joseph H. Hed- 
rick, Peter Kitterman, Elias Kitterman, Mar- 
tin Koontz, James AA^oody, W. B. AVoody, 
Benjamin Brattain, Jehu JVloore, N. D. Earl, 
N. H. Gates, Peter AVhite, John and Joseph 
,Kite, Alvin Lewis, John AV. Caldwell, Lewis 

"In Center township : James M. Peck, 
Farnum AVhitcomb, Richard Fisher, J. C. 
Fisher, Peter Fisher, Henry Huffman, Nason 
Roberts, John Alexander, Reuben R. Harper, 
J. M. Montgomery (settled out north), Phi- 
lester Lee, John Clark, James Langshore, Dr. 
Hackleman, Thomas H. Wells, Jerry Smith, 
Sr., and Clark Williams in the eastern part of 
the township; Dr. C. C. Warden, Hugh 
George, William Dewey, Paul C. Jeffries, Da- 
vid Glass, David Hall, Rev. B. A. Spaulding, 
S. S. Norris, Sewell Kinney, David P. Smith, 
John Myers; David Armstrong, H. P. Graves^ 
William H. Galbraith, Levi Buckwalter in Ot- 
tumwa; Jink Vassar, George D. Hackworth, 
Arthur Eakins, Ammon Shawl, John Over- 
man on the south side of the river; John C. 
Evans, Thomas Reveal, John Humphrey, Syl- 
vester Warner, Paris Caldwell, G. A. Roemer, 

William Harris, William Crawford, Alexan- 
der Crawford, Thomas Crawford, Nathaniel 
Bell in the western part of the township. 

"But I cannot tarry longer to name all 
those who first settled in the county. Nor ran 
I take up your time with biographical sketches 
of those named ; suffice it to say that a nobler 
set of men, of large hearts, of generous im- 
pulses and true courage, never lived. And 
when I call to mind the many times I have 
shared your hospitality, old settlers, have been 
sheltered by your humble roofs, and protected 
from the pitiless prairie storms and parching 
summer suns — when I look back and am re- 
minded of the many kind friends I have found 
in you v;hen I was but a youth, poor and a 
stranger in a wild, strange land, I would not 
if I could, and cannot if I would, suppress that 
'God bless you' which springs up in my heart 
made glad at meeting you this day. Poverty, 
adversity and pluck brought us together in the- 
olden times ; a happy present and hopeful fu- 
ture have brought us together to-day. And 
while our main purpose in this 'reunion is to 
talk over the early days and to rejoice together, 
I must be pardoned if I tarry in the shades of 
the lamented dead, and with you shed a tear 
on their venerated graves. John Humphreys,. 
Joseph Leighton, George Harman, Lewis F. 
Temple, John Huffstutter, James Weir, James 
Stephens, S. S. Dwire, William H. Coggswell, 
Joseph Mclntire, Robert H. Ivers, Curtis 
Knight, Benjamin Baum, Theophilus Blake, 
Abraham Butin, Abner Overman, Charles- 
Overman, Walter Clement, Michael Welch, 
A¥illiam Black, John Baker, Isaac Fisher, 



James B. Wright, John D. Bevans, A. J. Spur- 
lock, WiUiam Evans, Jedediah Scott, Richard 
Fislier, Rev. B. A. Spaulding, S. S. Norris, 
Jerry Smith, John Priest, John C. Evans, 
John Myers and A. D. Whipple — these among 
the early settlers. And coming down a little 
later, Aaron Harlan, Albert Mudge, James 
Hawley, A. D. Wood, Nathan Tindall, John 
Stout, James H. Nosier, James Gray, AVilliam 
Lotspeich, James D. Devin, Thomas Devin, 
Charles F. Blake, Sr., John Myers, Thomas 
C. Coffin, Thomas C. Ogden, William Ham- 
mond, Allen M. Bonnifield and Capt. C. C. 
Cloutman cannot be forgotten. 

"In naming the earlier settlers in the dif- 
ferent parts of the county, it will be seen the 
list does not embrace those who have been in 
the county only twenty-five or thirty years. 
My purpose is to mention only those who came 
in on the heels of the departing Indian, and, 
of course, I have omitted \'ery many who were 
•of the first to reach the county. 

''As the Indian took up his march toward 
the setting sun, you, old settlers, more favored 
than he, came in from the east. Many of you 
who are here to-day were here to see the red 
men of the forest, with their squaws and 
papooses, draw their blankets in sadness 
around their naked forms and with sullen and 
reluctant march take up their way to the set- 
ting sun and give way to the more favored 
wards of the Government. 

"The inquiry may arise in the minds of 
many who are rejoicing with us to-day, how 
the first settlers provided the necessaries of life 
during their first season, as they came on the 

1st of May, and found nothing but a wild, un- 
cultivated country. Hard enough! But there 
were fewer necessaries needed then than now ; 
the inventory of necessaries was exceedingly 
brief. We had not then learned the lesson 
of extravagance. A pone of corn-bread, a 
slice of fat meat, spiced with its own gravy, 
furnished a most gracious and palatable re- 
past. JMany and many is the happy meal, old 
settlers, you have taken under your humble 
roof, prepared by your cheerful and constant 
wives and daughters (God bless them!) of 
nothing but bread and meat. 

"Then there were no mills in the county. 
You had to go to distant mills to get your flour 
and meal. Some went to Moffit's mill, on 
Skunk River, at Augusta, in Des Moines 
county, 75 or 80 miles distant ; others went to 
Meek's mill, in Van Buren county, 40 or 50 
miles ; some went to one place and some to 
another. Some used an old farmer's coffee- 
mill with which to grind their buckwheat for 
cakes. Peter Kitterman has one of these 
mills, and promised to bring it in to-day so 
that I could show you the very mill, but he 
neglected to do so, informing me that his most 
excellent wife would not consent because no 
one would give credit to the story. But you 
who know Peter Kitterman know that when 
he says anything it is true. 

"Six and eight days were frequently spent 
in these milling trips ; and when you returned 
with meal and flour and found an}' of your 
neighbors destitue you sent them word to come 
and get of your store. Yours were generous 
hearts and open hands. No destitution was 



permitted in your respective neighborhoods 
that you could prevent. You were then aU 
partners; what one had the others owned. 
These were cordial, generous, happy days — no 
selfishness, no exclusion. You, old men and 
aged women, will remember when your last 
pound of meat, your last peck of meal or bushel 
of potatoes was generously divided with your 
needy neighbors. 

'T have thus far spoken of the men of the 
olden times, of the wild and early days of 
AA'^apello. I must not, I cannot, forget the 
mothei's and wives and daughters of those 
days. The cheerfulness, joy and grace with 
which they made these wild and crude homes 
happy are not forgotten. You, who in better 
days and more abundant lands had vowed to 
love, honor and obey , did not, in 3-our hard and 
rugged homes, forgot those vows. 

"You, like those noble men \\hose ambi- 
tion and pluck brought them west, stood erect 
in that lofty womanhood which makes you 
helpmeets indeed, and adds glory to your sex. 
Never heard to murmur at the fate which 
brought you here — God bless you for the good 
you ha\'e done and the many kind offices you 
have filled and pass you in your advanced and 
declining years in joy to the close! 

"Wapello county, which had been attached 
to Jefferson count)-, was organized in 1844. 
The territorial legislature passed an act, ap- 
proved February 13, 1844, the first section of 
which declares : 'That the county of Wapello 
be and the same is hereby organized from and 
after the ist day of March next' (March i, 
1844). This act declared that the clerk of the 

District Court of the county, aided by the sher- 
iff of the county (this latter officer appointed 
by the act itself), should be the organizing 
officers. The duty of the clerk (he who now 
addresses you) was to appoint the judges and. 
clerks of election; fix the places of voting; re- 
ceive, open and canvass the returns; declare 
the result, and issue certificates of election. 
James M. Peck, who is yet among us, an hon- 
ored, worthy and influential citizen of the 
county, residing some two miles north of Ot- 
tumwa, was the sheriff \\'hose duty it was to 
post notices of the time and places of holding 
the election, deliver to the judges and clerks 
the poll books, etc. 

"The first election was held April i, 1844. 
The judges were: David P Smith, Peter 
Barnett, Jacob Daily, Alvin Lewis, Nason 
Roberts, Lewis Cobler, James T. Coleman, 
John Huffstetter, James Acton, William Alil- 
ler, Willoughby Randolph, William R. Ross, 
Jonathan Davis, AA'illiam C. Mclntire, John 
W Caldwell, J. P. Eddy, James A\^eir, Jeffer- 
son Redman, Daniel Dennison, James Broherd, 
Josiah C. Boggs, Nelson AA-escoatt, N. B. Pres- 
ton, John Aliller, AA'illiam Kendrick, Robert 
H. Ivers, James F. Adams, Gamaliel Belknap, 
Lawson Bradley, Reuben Ahers, Demps 
Griggsby, Mahlon AA'right, Alexander B. 
Smith and Joseph Leighton. The clerks were : 
AV'illiam A. Houghland, A. C. Logan, James 
R. Fisher, James Hilton, Thomas AA'right, N. 
D, Earl, AA^illiam S. Campbell, Hiram Lam- 
bert, Thomas J. Linnard, AA'illiam B. Street, 
William Newell, George AVilson, Samuel T- 
AVarden, Lewis Kenney, David F. Parrott 



George H. Gow, James P. Bradley, Thomas 
Ping, R. V. Holcomb, Joseph Myers, Jonathan 
Hodson and Curtis Knight. 

"At this first election James M. Montgom- 
ery, Lewis F. Temple and Charles F. Harrow 
were elected county commissioners ; Charles 
Overman, commissioners' clerk; Paul C. Jef- 
fries, judge of, probate; Joseph Hayne, sher- 
iff; James Caldwell, assessor; Thomas Foster, 
treasurer; Milton J. Spurlock, recorder; Hugh 
George, surveyor, with a goodly number of 
justices and constables. 

"For some time after the county was first 
settled the inhabitants in the southeast part 
got their mail matter from Keosauqua; those 
in this and most other parts of the county got 
their mail from Fairfield. We generally sent 
down a special messenger for our mail once 
each week. If we could hear from AA'ashing- 
ton once in two weeks we felt that we were 
especially fortunate in getting news so quickly. 
News which we recei\'ed from Washington 
was more usually three weeks than two in 
reaching us; and, if I am not mistaken, our 
news from Europe was from four to six 
months in reaching us ; and as for news from 
any other part of the world, that was never 
looked for. 

"On an examination of a very ancient rec- 
ord I find the following entry, and I can vouch 
for its correctness, for I made it myself." 
[Here was exhibited about half a quire of very 
common foolscap paper, stitched together with 
white thread and covered with a very coarse of paper, as the first record book fur- 
nished by the United States, in which to enter 

the proceedings of the court, from which was 
read :] 

And now, on this day, to wit, the IBth of September, 
A. D. 1844, the day on which, according to law, the District 
Court of the United States, within and for the county of 
Wapello, and Territory of Iowa, was to have begun and 
held its first or September term, at the court house, in the 
county-seat of said county. Tliera being no judge prasent, 
the time for the commencement of said court is adjourned 
until 9 o'clock tomorrow morning. 

Tuesday morning, !) o'clock, September 17, 1S44. — And 
now on this day there yet being no judge present, the time 
for the commencement of said court is farther adjourned 
until tomorrow morning. 

And now, on tliis day to-wit : Wednesday, September 
18, 1844, being the adjourned day for the beginning of the 
September term of the District Court of the United States, 
for the county of Wapello and Territory of Iowa. Present, 
the Hon. Charles Mason, Judge. 

[Here follows an entry showing the or- 
ganization of a grand jury as well on the part 
of the United States as the Territory of Iowa.] 

"Thus we have, on the i8th day of Sep- 
tember, 1844, a District Court opened, both 
on the part of the Territory of Iowa, to ad- 
minister the laws of the Territ(,ry, and on the 
part of the United States to administer the 
laws of Congress. 

"This court was opened and held in a log 
house situated on the lot where the First Na- 
tional Bank of Ottumwa now stands. The 
first judicial act which the court did after its 
organization had been completed, as shown by 
the record, is the following: 

Josiah Smart, Agent, who sues for the use of S. S. 
Phelps vs. Elias Orton, assumpsit. Damages, $500. And 
now, on this day, this case came up for hearing. Where- 
upon, by the consent of parties, it is ordered by the court 
here that this case be dismissed at the cost of defendant, 
taxed at $1.^2}(. 

"I find, on looking over the record, the first 



jury trial had in the court was in the case of 
James Woody vs. Demps Griggsby; verdict 
for defendant. 

"J- C. Hah, of BurHngton; I. W. Lewis 
and James H. Cowles, of Keosauqua; George 
May and \X. H. Galbraith, of Ottumwa, are 
shown to have been in attendance as attorneys 
of the court. On the last day of the term I 
presented to the court my resignation in 
writing of the office of clerk, and thereupon 
John W. Ross, Esq., was appointed. The 
law, as it then stood, conferred upon the judge 
of the court the power to appoint his own 
clerk. Judge Mason had conferred the ap- 
pointment upon me, but with the express un- 
derstanding that an election should be held, 
and that the candidate receiving the highest 
number of votes should have the office. 

"It may be a matter of interest to know 
who preached the first sermon in the county. 
I have sought in vain to ascertain this fact 
with certainty. The honor lies between J. H. 
D. Street, Joseph H. Flint, Silas Garrison, 
T. M. Kirkpatrick, Milton Jamison, B. A. 
Spaulding and Joel Arrington. I think, how- 
ever, that the palm must be borne off by T. M. 
Kirkpatrick, of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, who, as I am informed by Seth Ogg, 
preached on the Keokuk prairie, on the south 
side of the river, just below Ottumwa, in an 
Indian wigwam, made of bark, early in 1843 — 
just at what time Mr. Ogg could not inform 
me. I know that B. A. Spaulding, of the 
Congregational church, a good citizen, kind 
neighbor, honest man, able preacher and most 
exemplary Christian, preached in 1843 at 

Agency City and Ottumwa, but at what time 
I have not ascertained. He, however, preached 
in a log cabin where Union Block now stands, 
and Kirkpatrick preached in an Indian wig- 
wam made of bark. I think the presumption 
is in favor of Rev. Mr. Kirkpatrick, of the 

[Mr. Spaulding came in November, 1843. 
Mr. Kirkpatrick preached the first sermon. — 

"I have endeavored to ascertain who taught 
the first school in the county. The credit lies 
between Ezekiel Rush, now living on the south 
side of the river, and ^Ir. Tansey. who taught 
a school at Dahlonega, with the presumption 
in favor of Mr. Rush. 

"Sabbath-schools were organized at an 
early day at Agency City, Eddyville, Ottum- 
wa, Dahlonega and some other points. I 
think, from the most reliable information re- 
ceived, that the one organized at the house of 
Rev. AV. A. Nye, near where Chillicothe now 
stands, in June, 1845, mainly through the 
efforts of G. F. Myers, was the first Sabbath- 
school organized in the county., There was 
one organized in Dahlonega in 1846, with J. 
W. Hedrick as superintendent, assisted by N. 
H. Gates and J. H. Given. 

"The first death in the county of which I 
have an account was that of Miss Mary Ann 
Hall, who died in the summer of 1843 ■ ^"d 
the first birth was that of Mary Ann Smith, 
daughter of David P. Smith, early in 1843. 
[This is correct as far as it relates to the actual 
settlers. On the authority of M^jor Beach, 
we give the iirst death as that of General 



Street, and the first birth as that of Wilham 
Street Beach, son of the Major.] 

"The first young lady who settled in Ot- 
tumwa was Samantha Shaffer, in honor of 
whom the street of that name in Ottumwa \vas 
called. She was not, however, the first young 
lady who came to the county, as 1 can myself 
aver and prove; for I know that James Weir, 
Paul C. Jeffries, William Brim, James B. 
W'right and Joseph Mclntire brought a bevy 
of interesting daughters with them to the coun- 
ty in May, 1843, oi" ^'^iT soon thereafter. 

"The first instrument of any kind recorded 
in the county is a lease from Charles F. Har- 
row to his son-in-law, Jesse Brookshire, of the 
Baker farm, one mile east of Agency, in con- 
sideration of $79.50, and that the family of 
said Harrow should live with and form a part 
of said Brookshire's family, and be supported 
by him until December 20, 1844. This paper 
was acknowledged before Green B. Savery, 
justice of the peace, witnessed by George May, 
and is dated April 29, 1844. 

"The first mortgage which appears on rec- 
ord, is one from Joseph McMullen to J. P. 
Eddy & Company, on a half section of land 
lying on Gray's Run, in Kishkekosh county, 
now Monroe. This mortgage was given to 
secure the payment of $50, in one year, and 
contained the usual covenants of warranty. 
It would seem that lands in those days were 
not esteemed very valuable when a mortgage 
was required on a half section to secure $50. 
The only interest which McMullen could then 
have had in the land was a claim right, al- 
though he warranted the title. 

"The book of original entries shows that 
the persons who first acquired titles to lands 
from the United States in the county were. 
James Longshore, who purchased, September 
16, 1844, lots 6, 7 and 8 and the northeast 
quarter of the northeast quarter of section 4, 
township 71, range 13, and John Caldwell, 
who purchased on the same day the east half of 
the northeast c[uarter of section 25, township 
y2, range 13. 

"The first physician who settled in the 
county was either Dr. C. C. Warden, Dr. F. 
W Taylor or Dr. C. W. Phelps. ]\Iy im- 
pression is that Dr. Warden may justly claim 
that distinction. He came in 1843. Though 
young, he was skillful and attentive, and he is 
now honorable and fair as a merchant in Ot- 

"The first lawyer who settled in the county 
was William H. Galbraith. Dewey, Burkhal- 
ter. May and Chapman were close after Gal- 
braith. Then, very soon, came Ives, Baker, 
Allison and myself. Then Jones, Colonel 
Summers, Brumfield, Lane and Devin. 

"It is fitting that in mentioning the early 
immigrants to the county I should not forget 
the Otfiinn^'a Courier and Dcs Moines Repub- 
lic. The Courier was the first newspaper pub- 
lished in the county. The first number is dated 
August 8, 1848, and it was then called The 
Des Moines Courier, and was published by 
Joseph H. D. Street and R. FI. AVarden. If 
there is one paper in this whole countr}^ that 
has, more than any other, advocated Whig and 
Republican principles, the Courier is that pa- 



per. Whether under the control of its found- 
ers, Street & Warden, or under the control of 
that veteran, J. W. Norris, or General Hed- 
rick and Major Hamilton, or Hamilton & 
Warden, we always know where to find the 
Courier on political issues. Through the re- 
verses of Whiggery and Republicanism, and 
in the triumph of its party in county. State and 
nation, it has always been able to^ get out the 
very biggest rooster in the land. At all times, 
and under all i'ts proprietors, it has wielded an 
influence in the State of no^ mean proportions. 
The opposition always felt its blows. 

"The Des Moines Republic was started by 
James Baker, but at just what time I do not 
know ; not, however, until some years after the 
Courier. The Republic was merged into the 

Democratic Mercury, E. L. & S. H. Burton 
proprietors, the former being editor. The 
forcible and spicy pen of the Mercury's editor, 
E. L. Burton, made that paper one of the best 
in southern Iowa. 

"The Mercury was succeeded by the Cop- 
perhead, which passed under the control of S. 
B. Evans, and is now published and edited by 
him under the old name of Democrat. The 
able pen of Mr. Evans has placed his paper as 
one of the best in the State. Other papers 
have been and still are published in the county, 
but as it is not my purpose to speak of modern 
things, I will not refer to them. I wall, how- 
ever, state that no county in the State has bet- 
ter papers than Wapello." 



The Methods of the First Settlers in Selecting Claims — The Cabins which 
WERE Their Rude Homes — Dietary of the Settlers. 

In choosing his home, the pioneer usuahy 
had an eye mainly to its location, and for that 
reason settlers were oftener than not very soli- 
tary creatures, without neighbors and remote 
from even the common conveniences of life. A 
desirable region was sure to have plenty of in- 
habitants in time, but it was the advance guard 
that suffered the privation of isolation. Peo- 
ple within a score of miles of each other were 
neighbors, and the natural social tendencies of 
mankind asserted themselves even in the wil- 
derness by efforts to keep up communication 
with even these remote families. ' 

The first business of a settler on reaching 
the place where he intended to fix his residence, 
was to select his claim and mark it off as nearly 
as he could without a compass. This was done 
by stepping and staking or blazing the lines as 
he went. The absence of section lines rendered 
it necessar}' to take the sun at noon and at 
evening as a guide by which to run these claim 
lines. So many steps each way counted 320 

acres, more or less, the then legal area of a 
claim. It may be readily supposed that these 
lines were far from correct, but they answered 
all necessary claim purposes, for it was under- 
stood among the settlers that when the lands 
came to be surveyed and entered, all inecjualities 
should be righted. Thus, if a surveyed line, 
should happen to run between adjoining claims, 
cutting off more or less of the other, the frac- 
tion was to be added to whichever lot required 
equalizing, yet without robbing the one from 
which it was taken, for an equal amount would 
be added to it in another place. 

The next im.portant business was to build a 
house. Until this was done some had to camp 
on the ground or live in their wagons, perhaps 
the only shelter they had known for weeks. 
So the prospect for a house, which was also to 
be home, was one that gave courage to the 
rough toil, and added a zest to the heavv labors. 
The style of the home entered very little into 
their thoughts — it was shelter they wanted, and 





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protection from stress of weather and wearing 
exposure. The poor settler had neither the 
money nor the mechanical appliances for build- 
ing himself a house. He was content, in most 
instances, to have a mere cabin or hut. Some 
of the most primitive constructions of this kind 
were half-faced, or as they \vere sometimes 
called "cat-faced" sheds or "wickiups," the In- 
dian term for house or tent. It is true, a claim 
cabin was a little more in the shape of a 
human habitation, made, as it was, of round 
logs light enough for two or three men to la) 
up, about 14 feet sc^uare — perhaps a little larger 
or smaller — roofed with bark or clapboards, 
and sometimes with the sods of the prairie ; and 
floored with puncheons (logs split once in two, 
and the flat sides laid up), or with earth. For 
a fireplace, a wall of stone and earth — frequent- 
ly the latter only, when stone was not con- 
venient — was made in the best practicable 
shape for the purpose, in an opening in one 
end of the building, extending outward, and 
planked on the outside by bolts of wood 
notched together to stay it. Fr-squently a lire- 
place of this kind was made so capacious as to 
occupy nearly the whole width of the house. In 
cold weather, when a great deal of fuel was 
needed to keep the atmosphere above freezing- 
point — for this wide-mouthed fireplace was a 
huge ventilator — large logs were piled into this 
yawning space. To protect the crumbling back 
wall against the efifects of fire, two back logs 
Avere placed against it, one upon the other. 
Sometimes these back logs were so large that 
they could not be got in in any other way than 
to hitch a horse to them, drive him in at one 

door, unfasten the log before the fireplace, 
from whence it was put in proper position, and 
then drive him out at the other door. For a 
chimney any contrivance that would conduct 
the smoke up the chimney would do. Some 
were made of sods plastered upon the inside 
with clay; others — the more common, perhaps 
— were of the kind we occasionally see in use 
now, clay and sticks, or "cat in clay," as they 
were sometimes called. Imagine of a winter's 
night, ^^'hen the storm was having its own wild 
way over this almost uninhabited land, and 
when the wind was roaring like a cataract of 
cold over the broad wilderness, and the settler 
had to do his best to keep warm, what a royal 
fire this double-back-logged and well-filled fire- 
place would hold ! It must ha^^e been a cozy 
place to smoke, provided the settler had any to- 
bacco, or for the wife to sit knitting before, pro- 
vided she had needless and yarn. At any rate it 
must ha\'e gi\'en something of cheer to the con- 
versation, which very likely was upon the home 
and friends they had left behind when they 
started out on this bold venture of seeking for- 
tunes in a new land. 

For doors and windows, the most simple 
contrivances that would serve the purposes 
were brought into requisition. The door was 
not always immediately provided with a shut- 
ter, and a blanket often did duty in guarding 
the entrance. But as soon as convenient, some 
boards were split and put together, hung upon 
wooden hinges, and held shut by a wooden 
pin inserted in an auger hole. As substitute 
for window glass, greased paper, pasted over 
sticks crossed in the shape of a sash, was some- 



times used. This admitted the light and ex- 
cluded the air, but of course lacked trans- 
parency. In regard to the furniture of such a 
cabin, of course it varied in proportion to the 
ingenuity of its occupants, unless it was where 
settlers brought with them their old household 
supply, which, owing to the distance most of 
them had come, was ^•ery seldom. It was 
easy enough to improvise tables and chairs ; the 
former could be made of split logs — and there 
were instances where the door would be taken 
from its hinges and used at meals, after which 
it would be rehung — and the latter were de- 
signed after the three-legged stool pattern, or 
benches served their purpose. A bedstead was 
a very important item in the domestic comfort 
of the family, and this was the fashion of im- 
provising them : A forked stake was driven 
into the ground diagonally from the corner of 
the room, and at a proper distance, upon which 
poles reaching from each wall were laid. The 
wall ends of the poles either rested in the 
openings between the logs or were driven into 
auger holes. Barks or boards were used as a 
substitute for cords. Upon this the tidy house- 
wife spread her straw tick, and if she had a 
home-made feather bed, she piled it up into a 
luxurious mound and covered it with her whit- 
est drapery. Some sheets hung behind it, for 
tapestry, added to the coziness of the resting 
place. This was generally called a "prairie 
bedstead," and by some the "prairie rascal." 
In design it is surely quite equal to the famous 
Eastlake models, being about as primitive and 
severe, in an artistic sense, as one could wish. 
The house thus far along, it \\-as left to the 

deft devices of the wife to complete its com^ 
forts, and the father of the family was free to 
superintend out-of-door affairs. If it was in 
season, his first important duty was to prepare 
some ground for planting, and to plant what 
he could. This was generally done in the edge 
of the timber, where most of the very earliest 
settlers located. Here the sod was easily 
broken, not requiring the heavy teams and 
plows needed to break the prairie sod. More- 
over, the nearness to timber" offered greater 
conveniences for fuel and building. And still 
another reason for this was, that the groves 
afforded protection from the terrible conflagra- 
tions that occasionally swept across the prairies. 
Though they passed through the patches of 
timber, yet it was not with the same destructive 
force with which they rushed over the prairies. 
Yet by these fires much of the young timber, 
was killed from time to time, and the forests 
kept thin and shrubless. 

The first year's farming consisted mainly of 
a truck "patch," planted in corn, potatoes, tur- 
nips, etc. Generally, the first year's crop fell 
far short of supplying even the most rigid 
economy of food. Many of the settlers 
brought with them small stores of such things 
as seemed indispensable to frugal living, such 
as flour, bacon, coffee and tea. But these sup- 
plies were not inexhaustible, and once used, 
were not easily replaced. A long winter must 
come and go before another crop could be 
raised. If game was plentiful, it helped to eke 
out their limited supplies. 

But even when corn was plentiful, the prep- 
aration of it was the next difficulty in the way. 



The mills for grinding it were at such long dis- 
tances that every other device was resorted to 
for reducing it to meal. Some grated it on an 
implement made by punching small holes 
through a piece of tin or sheet iron, and fasten- 
ing it upon a board in concave shape, with the 
rough side out. Upon this the ear was rubbed 
to produce the meal. But grating could not 
be done when the corn became so dry as to shell 
.off when rubbed. Some used a coffee-mill for 
grinding it. And a very common substitute 
for bread was hominy, a palatable and whole- 
some diet, made by boiling corn in weak lye till 
the hull or bran peels off, after which it was 
well washed, to cleanse it of the lye. It was 
then boiled again to soften it, when it was 
ready for use as occasion rec[uired, by frying 
and seasoning it to the taste. Another mode 
of preparing hominy was by pestling. 

A mortar was made by burning a bowl- 
shaped cavity in the even end of an upright 
block of wood. After thoroughly clearing it 
of the charcoal, the corn could be put in, hot 
water turned upon it, when it was subjected to 
a severe pestling by a club of sufficient length 
and thickness, in the large end of which was 
inserted an iron wedge, banded to keep it there. 
The hot water would soften the corn and loosen 
the hull, while the pestle would crush it. 

\Mien breadstuffs were needed, they had to 
be obtained from long distances. Owing to 
the lack of proper means for threshing and 
■cleaning wheat, it was more or less mixed with 
foreign substances, such as smut, dirt and oats. 
And as the time may come when the settlers' 
methods of threshing and cleaning may be for- 

gotten, it may be well to preserve a brief ac- 
count of them here. The plan was to clean off 
a space of ground of sufficient size, and if the 
earth was dry, to dampen it and beat it so as to 
render it somewhat compact. Then the sheaves 
were unbound and spread in a circle, so that 
the heads would be uppermost, leaving room 
in the center for a' person whose business it was 
to stir and turn the straw in the process of 
threshing. Then as many horses or oxen were 
brought as could con^-eniently swing round the 
circle, and these were kept moving until the 
wheat was well trodden out. After several 
"floorings" or layers were threshed the straw 
was carefully raked off, and the wheat shoveled 
into a heap to be cleaned. This cleaning was 
sometimes done by waving a sheet up and 
down to fan out the chaff as the grain was 
droi^ped before it; but this trouble was fre- 
quently obviated when the strong winds of 
autumn were all that was needed to blow out 
the chaff from the grain. 

This mode of preparing the grain for flour- 
ing was so imperfect that it is not to be won- 
dered at that a considerable amount of black 
soil got mixed with it, and una^'oidably got 
into the bread. This, with the addition of 
smut, often rendered it so dark as to have less 
the appearance of bread than of mud ; yet upon 
such diet, the people were compelled to subsist 
for want of a better. 

Not the least among the pioneers' tribula- 
tions, during the first few years of settlement, 
was the going to mill. The slow mode of 
travel by ox-teams was made still slower by 
the almost total absence of roads and bridges. 



while such a thing as a ferry was hardly even 
dreamed of. The distance to be traversed was 
often as far as 60 or 90 miles. In dry weather, 
common sloughs and creeks offered little im- 
pediment to the teamsters ; but during floods, 
and the breaking-up of winter, they proved ex- 
ceedingly troublesome and dangerous. To get 
stuck in a slough, and thus be delayed for many 
hours, was no uncommon occurrence, and that, 
too, when time was an item of grave import to 
the comfort and sometinies even to the lives of 
the settlers' families. Often, a swollen stream 
would blockade the way, seeming to threaten 
destruction to whoever should attempt to 
ford it. 

With regard to roads, there was nothing 
of the kind worthy of the name. Indian trails 
were comrrion, but they were unfit to travel on 
with vehicles. They are described as mere 
paths about two feet wide, — all that was re- 
quired to accommodate the single-file manner 
of Indian traveling. 

An interesting theory respecting the origin 
of the routes now pursued by many of our pub- 
lic highways was given in a speech by Thomas 
Benton many years ago. He says the buffa- 
loes were the first road engineers, and the 
paths trodden by them were, as a matter of 
convenience, followed by the Indians, and last- 
ly by the whites, with such improvements and 
changes as were found necessary for civilized 
modes of travel. It is but reasonable to sup- 
pose that the buffaloes would instinctively 
choose the most practicable routes and fords 
in their migrations from one pasture to an- 
other. T-hen, the Indians following, possessed 

of about the same instinct as the buffaloes, 
strove to make no improvements, and were 
finally driven from the track by those who 

When the early settlers were compelled to 
make those long and difficult trips to mill, if 
the country was prairie over which they 
passed, they found it comparatively easy to do 
in summer, when grass was plentiful. By trav- 
eling until night and then camping out to feed 
the teams, they got along without much diffi- 
culty. But in winter, such a journey was at- 
tended with no little danger. The utmost 
economy of time was, of course, necessary. 
\A'hen the goal was reached, after a week or 
more of toilsome travel, with many exposures 
and risks, and the poor man was impatient to 
immediately return with the desired staff of 
life, he was often shocked and disheartened 
with the information that his turn would come 
in a week. Then he must look about for some 
means to pay expenses, and he was lucky who 
could find some employment by the day or job. 
Then, when his turn came, he had to be on 
hand to bolt his own flour, as in those days the 
bolting machine was not an attached part of 
the other mill machinery. This done, the anx- 
ious soul was ready to endure the trials of a 
return trip, his heart more or less concerned 
about the affairs of home. 

These milling trips often occupied from 
three weeks to more than a month each, and 
were attended with an expense, in one way 
or another, that rendered the cost of bread- 
stuffs extremely high. If made in the winter, 
when more or less grain feed was required for 



the team, the load would be found to be so 
considerably reduced on reaching home that 
the cost of what was left, adding other ex- 
'penses, would make their grain reach the high 
cost figure of from three to five dollars per 
bushel. And these trips could not always be 
made at the most favorable season for travel- 
ing. In spring and summer so much time 
could hardly be spared from other essential 
labor ; yet, for a large family it was almost 
impossible to a,void making three or four trips 
during the year. 

Among other things calculated to annoy 
and distress the pioneer was the prevalence of 
wild beasts of prey, the most numerous and 
troublesome of which was the wolf. While it 
was true in a figurative sense that it rec[uired 
the utmost care and exertion to "keep the wolf 
from the door," it was almost as true in a 
literal sense. There were two species of these 
animals — the large, black timber wolf and the 
smaller gray wolf that usually inhabited the 
prairie. At first it was next to impossible for 
a settler to keep small stock of any kind that 
would serve as a prey to these ravenous beasts. 
Sheep were not deemed safe property until 
years after, when their enemies were supposed 
to be nearly exterminated. Large numbers of 
wolves were destroyed during the early years 
of settlement — as many as 50 in a day in a 
regular wolf-hunt. When they were hungry, 
which was not uncommon, particularly during 
the winter, they were too indiscreet for their 
own safety, and would often approach within 
easy shot of the settlers' dwellings. At cer- 
tain seasons their wild, plaintive yelp or bark 

could be heard in all directions, at all hours 
of the night, creating intense excitement 
among the dogs, whose howling would add to 
the dismal melody. 

It was not all hog and hominy that the 
early settlers ate; the table comforts depended 
to a great extent upon the ingenuity of the 
viife, the head of the kitchen. There were 
times when it was ^-ery difficult to obtain flour 
and cornbread was the substitute; those who 
were, from the South knew best how to utilize 
corn, — it was ground into meal by hand-mills 
or by graters, which were made of a concave 
piece of tin with holes punched, or bv the mor- 
tar and pestle method. The last-named con- 
venience consisted of a stump or section of 
a tree, one end of which was excavated to 
the depth of ten inches by tools or sometimes 
by the aid of fire, into the form of a mortar ; 
the pestle was often operated by the simple 
up and down motion of the hands and arms 
that wielded it, but there was an improved 
sort of an apparatus arranged in which the 
pestle was attached to a convenient bent sap- 
ling, the elasticity of which would cause the 
pestle to arise each time after the downward 
motion. The corn was thus beaten into a mass, 
and the husks of the grain were separated 
from the meal by vchat was generally known 
as a "sifter." The sifter was often made 
from dressed deer skin, perforations being 
made by a hot awl, wire or nail, pointed for 
that purpose. The corn bread made by this 
method was sweet and nutritious. The set- 
tlers generally brought with them their 
ovens and skillets in which the bread was 



baked. They had a fashion ,of making 
"Johnny cake," where the dough was spread 
on an oblong board of oak and placed close 
to the embers of an open fire-place. "Johnny 
cake" Avas delicious; the Southern people had 
the "ash cake," derived from the negroes, — 
the dough was enveloped in a corn shuck and 
placed in a bed of hot ashes and embers ; the 
"ash cake" was excellent. The meal was often 
made into mush, and this, with milk consti- 
tutes a dish that a prince might enjoy; when 
milk was not plentiful they used gravy or 
grease of the hog, wild animal or bird. 

All the settlers raised wheat when they 
could, but Iowa soil in early days was not fa- 
vorable to the growth of wheat; buckwheat 
flourished well, and I have distinct recollec- 
tions of the difficulties encountered by the 
mothers of that period with buckwheat flour; 
they actuall)' attempted to make good, solid 
bread out of it, but their efforts were, of 
course, failures. They soon learned, however, 
how to make buckwheat cakes. A man by 
the name of Titus, in Davis county, was the 
one who' seemed to know all about buckwheat 
flour, and his directions and recipes were fol- 
lowed. Xeighborhood after neighborhood fol- 
lowed his instructions until buckwheat cakes 
asserted their excellence all over southern 
Iowa. It was difficult to make any kind of 
decent flour from Mheat, except by the regu- 
lar process of grinding then in vogue, but there 
was a hand-mill introduced that ground a 
black kind of flour, which made a kind of 
substitute for something better. The early 
mills, however, at Keosauqua and St. Fran- 

cisville made excellent flour and the bread 
made from it was wholesome. When it was 
impossible to get flour ground, the wheat was 
boiled and made into a dish that closely re-, 
sembled boiled rice. 

Coffee was scarce and very dear; there 
were some of the early settlers who would have 
their genuine coffee, no matter what it cost, 
but there were others who had to satisfy them- 
selves with rye browned in a skillet, the same 
as coffeee berries, and then ground or beaten 
into a consistency like genuine ground coffee. 
The decoction had the bitter taste of bad 
coffee, but none of its pleasant effects; it was 
such an imitation as is revived now in the 
form of cereal coffee, "Postum," and such 
other substitutes. 

The hog was early introduced; he was 
easily raised; there was mast or acorns in 
plenty and an acorn-fed hog furnishes the 
sweetest of meats ; the hams were cured by 
the smoke from hickroy bark, and the sau- 
sages from such meats, seasoned with sage, 
were delightful. There was little beef used, 
because cows and steers were valuable to the 
settler ; the cow furnished the milk and the 
steer was used as a beast of burden. Wild 
game, however, furnished all that could be 
desired for fresh meat ; there were deer in 
plenty; almost any kind of a settler could go 
out in any desirable season and kill a deer 
or a turkey; the buffaloes had disappeared 
as \\'ell as the antelope, and there were but 
few elks in Wapello coimty when the territory 
was opened for settlement in 1843. Deer and 
turkeys were the wild game of edible value. 



The housewife played an important part 
in utihzing the spontaneous productions of the 
soil as well as the first crops raised by the 
settlers. They all had the same opportunities, 
but all did not employ the opportunities alike. 
The careful housewife found many delicacies 
in the woods ; in the spring time there was the 
"deer tongue," "lamb's quarter," aijd many 
oFher herbs that made "greens" for the table; 
as the season advanced there came the wild 
strawberries, a fruit that has never been excel- 
led for flavor ; later on came the blackberries in 
rich profusion; there were also plums and 
crab-apples, and these were made into de- 
licious preserves. So there were opportunities 
given to gather in the free open orchard ber- 
ries for pies and fruits for tarts, and all these 
combined gave the good woman at the head 
■of the household a chance to show her ingenu- 
ity. There were others, however, who were 
always complaining, moaning for the fruits 
of the old settlements, and such malcontents 
exist to-day. The early settlers, as a rule, 
made the best of everything. 

The first year of occupancy of the new 
land was one of privations ; the new ground 
had to be plowed and there was a belief that 
the richest land was covered by the roughest 
brush. This led the settlers to take up the 
feast desirable lands, while the prairie was left 
unoccupied. These mistakes, however, recti- 
fied themselves. The first years crops gave 
an abundance of corn, but there were few po- 
tatoes, cabbages and other vegetables; the set- 
tlers were, in 'a state of uncertainty and yet 
they did not doubt that the land would in 
the end be fruitful There truly was reason 
for doubt; the lands of Iowa had never been 
cultivated according to European or Asiatic 
methods. It is true that Illinois and Indiana 
had yielded bountifully, but no one knew 
what might be produced from Iowa soil. It 
was an experiment, but those who ventured 
were confident, and the yield of the first year 
tfortified their hopes. The soil gave forth 
corn, potatoes, pumpkins, beans, rye, wheat 
and succulent grasses. There was food for 
man and beast! 



An Instance of Claim Troubles — Illustrating how the Difficulty was Settled 
— Then Followed County Organization and Other Evidences of Progress. 

the dahlonega disturbance. 

One James Woody sold a claim near Dah- 
lonega to Martin Koontz for $200 and received 
the money ; subsec[uently he reconsidered the 
matter and, thinking that he had sold too cheap, 
"jumped" the claim, erecting' a cabin. This 
was a violation of the old settlers' regulations, 
and about 60 men under the command of Capt. 
John Moore surrounded the cabin, tore it down 
and drove Woody off the claim. A fight en- 
sued in which Thomas Crawford was killed. 
The "war" was continued through an effort on 
the part of the civil authorities to arrest Capt. 
John Moore. Wapello county was then at- 
tached to Jefferson county, for judicial pur- 
poses, and Deputy Sheriff Jesse Woolard, of 
Fairfield, was sent to the scene to make arrests. 
The old settlers, however, were waiting for 
him; he was treated with civility but with a 
grim determination that he should make no ar- 
rest. He was permitted to stay over night, but 

the next morning he was brought into the pres- 
ence of 60 armed men, and then notice was 
served on him to depart at once, and to not re- 
turn until he was wanted. Mr. Woolard was 
a man of sense and departed. This closed the 

county organization. 

An Act was passed, approved February 13,, 
1844, by the Governor, to organize the county 
of Wapello, and Joseph B. Davis, of Wash- 
ington county, John H. Randolph, of Henry 
county, and Solomon Jackson, of Lee county, 
were appointed commissioners to locate the 
county-seat. James M. Peck was appointed 
under the Act as sheriff, until a regular election- 
was held, and it was made his dut)'- to organize 
the county. Paul C. Jeffries was the first 
judge of probate, Joseph Hayne was the first 
elected sheriff, and Thomas Foster was treas- 
urer. The first case presented to the Court of 
Probate was that in the matter of the estate of 



Thomas Crawford, deceased, — William Craw- 
ford was appointed administrator and his bond 
was approved. The first guardian of minors 
appointed by the probate judge was Joseph 
Mclntire, guardian of Daniel, James and John 
Murphy, May lo, 1845. The f^rst will filed 
was that of William B. Woody, dated Octo- 
ber II, 1846, and filed by the widow, Frances 
Woody, sole executrix, December 7, 1846. 


The first license issued was in favor of the 
marriage of Andrew Crawford and Mary Ann 
Montgomery, dated March 15, 1844. The in- 
tended bride was a minor, under the guard- 
ianship of Peter AValker. The couple were mar- 
ried March 15, 1844, by R. R. Jones, justice 
of the peace, at the house of Peter W^alker. 
The groom was nineteen, and the bride six- 
teen years of age. 

The second marriage license was that of 
Dr. C. W. Phelps and Elizabeth C. Weaver, 
sister of General Weaver, of Bloomfield ; the 
third, that of John P. Scott and Elvira A. 
Weir. The latter marriage was solemnized at 
Agency City, by Rev. Benjamin A. Spaulding, 
April 17, 1844. The authority possessed by 
Mr. Spaulding was filed at this time, and con- 
sisted of a license issued by the clerk of the 
.District Court of Jefiferson county, Iowa. 

On the 28th of August, 1844, the certificate 
of ordination, issued by Bishop Morris, of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, August 29, 1841, 
proclaiming Thomas M. Kirkpatrick a fully 
consecrated elder in the said Methodist Epis- 

copal church, was filed with the clerk of Wa- 
pello county. This was to establish Mr Kirk- 
p.itrick's authority to solemnize marriages. A 
similar document was filed by Rev. Robert 
Long, of the Christian church, on the 9th day 
of November, 1844. 

During the first year of the county's exist- 
ence, the following marriage license were 
granted : George Nelson to Isabella Frances 
Hackney, November 9; Seth Ogg to Rebecca 
IT. Mclntire, April 28; David Glass to Eliza 
Jane Hall, June 19; Joseph Mclntire to Mrs. 
Sarah Murphy, July 2 ; Wiilliam Cartel' to 
Mary Jane Lewis, August 21 ; William F. 
Ba.j tO' Nancy J. Kirkpatrick, September 5 ; 
Alexander Kitterman to Elsie Linch, Septem- 
ber 24 ; James S. Baker to Tamas Overman, 
September 28 ; Thomas J. Linnard to Julina 
Lambert, September 30 ; Melville H. Talbott 
to Elizabeth Rouse, October 4 ; James R. 
Fisher to Sarah McCall, October 5 ; Charles 
Wallace to Cynthia M. Ross, October 9; 
George Howlet to Sarah Wilson, Novem- 
ber 7 ; William Parker to Lavinia Boyce, De- 
cember 2 ; James Stephens to !Mary Ann Har- 
row, December 18; James D. HufTstetter to 
Eliza Ann White, December 30. 

On the 24th of April, 1845, R^^"- John 
Pardoe filed his certificate of ordination as a 
Methodist Protestant clergyman. November 
26th, Rev. Joseph Ackerman filed his certificate 
of authority to solemnize marriages, having his 
ordination papers issued by Bishop Roberts, of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. The papers 
were dated at Terre Haute, Indiana, October 
10, 1841. Thirty-six marriage licenses were 



issued out of the clerk's office of Wapello 
county during the year 1845. 


In almost every case the original record of 
the District Court in Wapello county consist's 
■of eight sheets of foolscap paper, stitched to- 
gether to form a book. The following self- 
explanatory records are taken literally from 
the record book. We quote : 

And now, on this day, to-wit, the sixteenth day of Sep- 
tember, A. D. 1844, the day on which, according to law, 
the District Court of the United States, within and for said 
■county of Wapello and Territory of Iowa, was to have 
begun, and its first or September term, at the court house 
in said county, there being no judge present, the time for 
commencement of said Court is adjourned until 9 o'clock 
tomorrow morning. 

Tuesday morning, 9 o'clock, ) 
September 17, A. D.'1S44. (' 

And now, on this day there yet being no judge present, 
the time for the commencement of said court is further 
adjourned until tomorrow morning. 

And now, on this day, to-wit, Wednesday, 18th Septem- 
ber, 1844, being the adjourned day for the beginning of the 
September term of the District Court of the United States, 
for the county of Wapello and Territory of Iowa, Present 
the Hon. Charles Mason, Judge, etc. 

The following proceedings were had, to- 

wit : 

And now, on this day, to-wit, the 18th day of Septem- 
ber, A. D. 1844, the venire which had been returned on the 
16th inst., by Joseph Hayne, Sheriff of said county, being 
-examined by the Court, it is ascertained the following- 
named persons have been duly summoned to serve as grand 
jurors to this Court, to-wit: 


James Weir, George W. Knight, 'Seth Ogg, Robert H. 
Ivers, Thomas Pendleton, Henry Smith, William Brinn, 
Lewis F. Temple, John Humphreys, Martin Fisher, Paul C. 

Jeffries, John Fuller, Finley Lindsey, William Prichell, 
William C. Mclntire, John Clark, James R. Boggs, John 
Kirkpatrick, John Murray, Isam Garrett, Shannon Hackney, 
Philaster Lee and Thomas Wright; five of whom, to-wit: 
Robert H. Ivers, Martin Fisher, John Fuller, John Clark 
and John Kirkpatrick, on being called answered not. 

The court ordered the sheriff tO' complete 
the panel, whereupon \\''illiam A. Winsell, Pe- 
ter Barnett, Richard Fisher and Jacob Hack- 
ney were added to the list. James Weir was 
appointed foreman. George B. Warden was 
appointed bailiff, and proceeded tO' take the 
grand jury under his charge. 

The first case of record was that of "Josiah 
.Smart, Agent, etc., who sues for the use of 
S. S. Phelps vs. Elias Orton." This was a 
land-claim case, and was dismissed, with costs 
assessed against the defendant to the amount 
of $7.4254. The next case, James C. Ramsej'j 
vs. John R. and \\'. S. Wright, assumpsit. 
Damages claimed $67. Case compromised by 
the parties, with costs on defendants, stated 
at the sum of ^S-Syyi- The third case was 
John McCoy vs. William Flood, assumpsit; 
damages, $100. Case withdrawn by plaintiff, 
with costs on him to the amount of $5.62^. 
The next three cases were : John F. Myers 
vs. Charles F. Harrow ; James Foster vs. 
Charles F. Harrow ; and Hugh George vs. 
Jesse C. Weeks. Each dismissed at cost of 

The first naturalization papers were issued 
September 19, 1844, to John Wall and George 
Wall, subjects of Great Britain. 

The first indictment presented by the grand 



jury was against Joseph S. Hendricks, for 
larceny. Tlie defendant was discharged. 

The first divorce case was on a change 
of venue from Jefferson county between Mary 

Kinzie and John Kinzie. Bill granted by de- 
fault. The first divorce granted to -parties 
within the county was in the case of Amanda 
Hulin vs. Ira Huhn. 



The Town was First Named Louisville, but Indian Influence Prevailed, and it was 
Changed to Ottumwa — Board of Commissioners — Business at the First Session 
OF the Board — The Town of Ottumwa ij'rom the Beginning — Pen Pictures. 

THE county seat. 

The commissoiners located the county seat 
at the Appanoose Rapids, and very near the 
geographical center of the county, which fact 
had been ascertained liy a random line that 
was run westward from Jefferson county ir, 
the fall of 1842 or the winter of 
1843, by John Arrowsmith, under the 
direction of a company of promoters, who 
could see far enough into the future to know 
that a prosperous town would soon be built 
'as the county seat of a good 'pounty. So 
soon as the location was made these men made 
a claim to the lands, and immediately organ- 
ized the Appanoose Rapids Company to facili- 
tate operations. So, on the 20th day of May, 
1843, J. R. McBeth, Uriah Biggs, John Lewis, 
Thomas D. Evans, Paul C. Jeffries, Hugh 
George, David Glass, Sewell Kenny, William 
Dewey and Milton Jamison met on the site 

and formed a company according tO' law. Cer- 
tain lots were donated to the county for build- 
ing purposes. The town was laid out, the 
company bound itself to erect a court house, 
the small expenses were paid, a public sale of 
lots was arranged for July 4, 1844, and in 
this way the town was born, which was first 
named Louisville, — but the name would not 
stick. The more appropriate Indian name of 
Ottumwa would arise from time to time until it 
was finally accepted. The name '"Ottumwa" 
signifies "Swift Water," to which the suffix 
"noc" was sometimes applied, which means 
simply the place of swift water. This is the 
interpretation of the name as rendered by Mr. 
Smart, who was then the honest and intel- 
ligent interpreter for General Street, and may 
be accepted as absolutely correct. There are 
other versions, among them "Strong Will" 
or "Perseverance," but this is a fanciful ren- 
dering. We prefer to take the interpretation 



of Mr. Smart, who was familiar with the In- 
dian language. 


The first building used for the sessions 
of the commissioners' court was a very ordi- 
nary log cabin, one story high, built of rough, 
unhewn logs, chinked with sticks and clay, 
and covered with clapboards. It was situated 
between Fourth and Fifth streets, about where 
the jDostoffice building now stands. The first 
meeting of the board was "held at Louisville, 
the county seat of \A^apello county, on Mon- 
day, the 20th day of May, 1844. The counJ.y 
commissioners were as follows : Lewis F. 
Temple, James M. Montgomery and Charles 
F. Harrow. Charles Overman was appointed 
clerk. In August, 1844, John C. Evans, John 

B. Gray and James B. Wright were elected. 
In 1845-46 the board consisted of John C. 
Evans, James B. Wright and Henry Smith. 
In 1846 the clerk's office was filled by James 

C. Tolman. In 1847 the board consisted of 
Henry Smith, Charles Dudley and James B. 
\\^right. A. J. Redenbaugh was clerk. In 
1848 James B. Wright, Charles Dudley and 
Nathaniel Bell were commissioners and A. J. 
Redenbaugh, clerk. In 1850 Charles Dudley, 
Nathaniel Bell and Samuel GMliland were 
commissioners and A. J. Redenbaugh, clerk. 
The last meeting of the board, before it was 
dissolved by the act creating the county judge 
system, was held July 20, 185 1, at which 
Nathaniel Bell, Samuel Gilliland and Gideon 

Myers officiated. Mr. Redenbaugh was the 
last clerk. A roster of the succeeding county 
officers is published elsewhere. 

The first business transacted at the May, 
1844, session, was to grant a license to David 
Glass to keep a grocer}' "in Ottumwa." This 
shows that the name Ottumwa was insisted 
upon by the settlers, although the official name 
was then Louisville, by reason of the act of 
the locating commissioners, who named it in 
honor of Louisville, Kentucky. Washington 
township was organized at the first meeting. 
Pleasant, Competine, Columbia, Center, Dahl- 
onega, Richland and Adams townships were 
created at the June session, or second meet- 
ing. J. P. Eddy was granted a ferry license at 
the July session authorizing him to establish 
a ferry at Eddyville. This was the first ferry 
in the county, duly legalized. The prices per- 
mitted to be charged were : Footman, 6% 
cents; man and horse, 18^ cents; two horses 
and wagon, 3714 cents; four horses and 
wagon, 50 cents; cattle, 4 cents; hogs, 
2 cents. In July, Henry Smith & Com- 
pany \\'ere authorized to construct a dam 
across the Des Moines River on section 2y, 
township 71, range 12, where Eldon now 
stands. A tax of five millls on the dollar 
was authorized, and a poll tax of 50 cents. A 
jail was ordered to be built on the east end 
of lot 136, block II, in Louisville, but definite 
action was postponed. A free ferry was or- 
dered across the river at Louisville, provided 
the Appanoose Rapids Company sustained 
one-half of the expense of the building and 
maintenance of the same. 



At the April term, 1845, Anderson Cox 
was granted permission to establish a ferry 
across the Des Moines River, one and a quar- 
ter miles above Louisville. At the May term, 
1845, the board agreed upon the specifications 
for the erection of a jail, the previous action 
havitig resulted in nothing. A two-story 
hewed-log building was agreed upon. W. W. 
Chapman was acting as attorney for the coun- 
ty in 1845. At the August ses^^ion the board 
ordered that the names of Francis M. Harrow 
and Robert W'. Ramsey be stricken from the 
mill and dam charter, and that the company 
proposing to build a mill at Louisville be al- 
lowed until March, 1847, to do so. .The orig- 
inal charter was granted by the board of Jef- 
ferson county, while this county was attached 
thereto, September, 1843, to Francis M. Har- 
row, Robert W. Ramsey, David Armstrong 
and Joel Myers & Company. The board of 
Wapello county approved of the charter at the 
August meeting, as aforesaid, with the change 
of naraes shown above. The jail conti-act 
was finally awarded to David Armstrong, at 
this meeting, for $2,000. The site chosen was 
lot 140, block II. The -first official r,ecogni- 
tion of the name Ottumwa was made Novem- 
ber, 1845, by the board. Before that date 
"Louisville" and "Ottumwa" were both used. 

Polk and Keokuk townships were created 
in April, 1846. In that year a court house was 
built on the corner of Market and Third 
streets, of wood, 24 feet square, two stories 
high, the lower story being used for the ses- 
sions of the court, for religious meetings on 
Sundays and as a school-house when court 

was not in session. The second story was 
divided into three rooms, occupied by the 
clerk of the court, the county treasurer and 
the county recorder. When the brick court 
house was built on the site now occupied by 
the present magnificent building, the old one 
was sold to the Christian church and after- 
ward transferred to W. C. Grimes, who used 
it as a wagon factory until it was destroyed 
by fire on the 22nd of October, 1872. 

In January, 1848, D. F. Gaylord and Levi 
Reeve were authorized to fit up a ferry across 
the river, at Ottumwa, to continue twelve years. 
The petition praying for the incorporation of 
Ottumwa was presented to the board in Jan- 
uary, 1 85 1. An election, in accordance with 
the prayer, was ordered to be held February 8,. 


In the year 1846, A. C. Leighton, who is 
now known as an old settler, but who was but 
a small boy at that time, came with his father 
and mother to Ottumwa; he was old enough,, 
however, to receive vivid impressions of the 
little town on the borders of the great wilder- 
ness that then extended westward from this 
point to the Pacific Ocean. He remembers 
that when his father's family came here, Cass 
Hendershott was a babe in his mother's arms, 
six weeks old. There were then about 25 
houses of all descriptions in the town, among 
which were two dry-goods stores and one wet 
grocery (saloon). There was a log house 
where the First Methodist Episcopal church 



now stands, on the corner of Fourth and Mar- 
ket streets, and another log house on the oppo- 
site side of the street, where the Christian 
Science church is located ; there was a copious 
spring of water and a clump of trees on this 
ground. There was a log house on the comer 
of the sc[uare where the Public Library build- 
ing is being erected, near the cotu"t house. 
These were all the houses that were on Fourth 
street. On Fifth street there was a frame 
house, owned by Judge Paul C. Jeffries, which 
afterwards became the site for the Hendershott 
residence, and is now the site for the residence 
of T. D. Foster. There was a log house on 
Fifth street, where Senator W aterman's resi- 
dence is now. There was a log house on the 
corner of Market and Second streets, the 
ground now occupied by the Leighton block 
Joseph Hayne had a house on the Gillaspy 
property, northeast corner of Green and Second 
streets. John W" Ross had a house on the 
grouild now occupied by \\^ B. Bonnifield'.^ 
residence. S. S. Norris (the deacon) had a 
frame house on the southwest corner of College 
and Second streets. Tay Sinnamon had a 
house where T. H. Pickler's grocery is now lo- 
cated. There was a brick-yard near there. 
Charley Blake's father was out of town — he 
was located in a house now occupied by the 
Caster House. On the northeast corner of 
College and Second streets, there lived a man 
by the name of Lyons, in a small frame house. 
On the southwest corner of College and 
Main streets, there was an old-fashioned tan- 
yard, with vats and a bark mill. James C. 
Tolman lived on the southeast corner of Main 

and Jefferson streets, in a log house. There 
were no buildings on the south side of Main 
street from Green to Market. There was a 
mill yard near there. There were three small 
frame buildings on the south side of Main 
street between Green and Market. Where the 
Centennial building now stands there was a 
small "Tavern" kept by a Mr. Sharp. There 
was nothing more on the north side of Main 
street until the ground \\'as reached where the 
St. Louis Store now is ; here was a frame build- 
ing occupied by John T. Baldwin as a general 
store. About where the Hammond building: 
now stands, there was a log hotel established 
by David Hall, and then by his wife, "Aunt 


Seth Richards had a store in a log 

house a little east of where Charles Bachman's. 
jewelry store is no\\-. D. F. Gaylord had a 
grocery store where the west half of Bert Phil- 
lip's new store now is. There was a house 
above Washington street, about where the Dr. 
Hawkins property is ; it was owned by a law- 
yer, whose name was James Baker ; he went to 
Missouri and became rich, through transactions 
on St. Louis & San Francisco Railroad stock. 

Charles F. Harrow lived on a high point, in 
a dou]:)le log house, with a porch, above where 
General Heclrick's residence was located. Paris 
Caldwell lived out of town, on the place where 
he died ; he had made his claim there when the 
country was first settled. 

The court house, which has already been 
alluded to, and described, was located where 
the J. W. Edgerly & Company wholesale drug- 
store is located. School was taught there so as 
not to conflict with terms of court. The first 



school was taught by Miss Ann Norris, after- 
ward widow of Rev. B. A. Spalding, a man 
eminent for piety and good citizenship. 

There was a log stable, where the city hall 
now is. There was a two-story frame dwelling 
where Harper & Mclntire's wholesale house 
now is ; the building was occupied by the father 
of Joseph Myers, and by Thomas C. Coffin. 
The mill was at the foot of Market street; it 
was a steam saw and grist mill. The town 
company gave the mill company some lots. 
You hear it referred to as the "mill donation." 

Dr. C. C. Warden was the only physician 
who practiced medicine here until about 1851, 
when he engaged in tlie dry-goods business 
with Joseph Leighton, father of A. C. Leigh- 
ton ; Joseph Leighton was elected county treas- 
urer; Dr. Warden then carried on the mer- 
cantile business in his own name. 

It is to Dr. A\'arden's credit that while he 
was on the board of county supervisors he sold 
the miserable old county poor farm and pur- 
chased the new one. In 1848, R. H. Warden, 
brother of the Doctor, came to Ottumwa and 
was prominently identified with the city and 
its business interests until his death, which took 
place July 13, 1900. 

The following were residents of Ottumwa 
in 1846: Dr. C. C. AA^arden, Albert Mudge, 
S. S. Norris, H. B. Hendershott, Paul C. Jeff- ' 
ries, Benjamin Jeffries, D, F. Gaylord, 
Joseph Hayne, Thomas J. Devin, Josqjh 
Leighton, Da\'id Armstrong, John Bran- 
denburg, Tay Sinnamon, John W. Ross, 
Reuben Ross, Cap. Ross, Peter Barnett, Will- 
iam Lewis, John Harkens, George D. Hack- 

worth, A. G. Redenbaugh, George May, 
AA'illiam H. Bromfield, John T. Baldwin, Grau, 
H. P. Graves, C. F. Blake, Bela White. These 
were about all the legal voters of the town; 
there were a fe\V young men who drifted in and 
out but made no permanent residence in the 
town. Among those who came then or soon 
afterward were Seth Ogg, William Mclntire 
and Michael Tullis. 

From a series of papers published in the 
Democrat, in 1876, from the pen of J. W. 
Norris, the appearance of the town was quite 
primitive in 1845. Mr. Norris says: "No 
streets had been opened. Paths run across 
lots, every which way, like they were made by 
cows going to pasture. Indian wickiups were 
scattered over the bluff, a cluster of them being 
on the lot where we now live (corner of College 
and Second streets)." 


The Courier of October 6, 1848, mentions 
that the enterprising contractors now carry the 
mail three times a week from Keokuk, and in 
1849 the same paper says that building in Ot- 
tumwa was very brisk, but retarded by scarcity 
of lumber. Breadstuffs were scarce, on ac- 
count of the difficulties in getting the grain 
ground. Steamboats now began to arrive, 
bringing in freig'ht and carrying ovit grain. 
The steamer "Revenue Cutter" arrived early 
in April, 1849. The water was high, and an 
excursion party boarded the vessel here and 
went up to Eddyville. 

On November 23, 1849, ^ lyceum was or- 



ganized with Rev. B. A. Spaulding, president; 
H. B. Hendersliott, vice-president; Bertrand 
Jones, recording secretary; J. W. Norris, cor- 
responding secretary; R. H. Warden, treas- 
urer; and Joseph Leighton, Hbrarian. 

It will be news to many of the present gen- 
eration that such a project as a plank road was 
agitated. In February, 1850, a meeting was 
held in Ottumwa to discuss the construction of 
a plank road to meet the Burlington and 
Mount Pleasant plank road at Mount Pleas- 
ant. Uriah Biggs was president of the meet- 
ing; Thomas Ping and John C. Evans, vice- 
presidents; and Bertrand Jones, secretary. A 
committee was appointed to represent the coun- 
ty at a plank road convention at Mount Pleas- 
ant on the 27th of February, said committee 
consisting of J. W. Norris, J. D. Devin, H. B. 
Hendershott, J. C. Ramsey, Thomas Ping, F. 
Newell, J. H. D. Street, S. M. Wright, J. H. 
Flint, Gideon Myers, B. Boydston, Bertranu 
Jones, Joseph Hayne, J. M. Peck, Dr. Yoe- 
mans, Uriah Biggs, G. B. Savery, Dr. A. D. 
)Vood, W. S. Carter, Dr. James Nosier, Madi- 
son AA-ellman, J. G. Baker, D. P. Inskeep, E. 
G. McKinney, AV.' G. Martindale, A. Ingra- 
ham, Andrew Major, William M. Dunlap and 
Joshua Marshall. Ottumwa subscribed $8,- 
700 and Agency City and Ashland, $4,500. 
The project, however, was abandoned as rail- 
road interests began to crowd out such make- 
shifts as plank roads. The only plank road 
built in the State was one from Keokuk, point- 
ing in this direction about 15 miles. This 
stretch of road was maintained as late as 1854. 


The court house is one of the finest west 
of the Missisippi River; it was built at a 
cost of $135,000. The postoffice was erected 
by the government at a cost of about $50,000. 
The Y. M. C. A. building is a handsome struc- 
ture; the high school was built at a cost of 
$75,000. There are several church buildings 
that are creditable in style of architecture, 
among which are the two Presbyterian 
churches; the Swedish Lutheran; Church of 
the Sacred Heart (Roman Catholic) ; First 
Methodist; and First Congregational. 


The first electric light seen in Ottumwa 
was about the year 1882, which was produced 
by an isolated plant installed in Pallister 
Brothers' store. In the year 1886 the Ot- 
tumwa Electric Light Company was organ- 
ized, which was later absorbed by the present 
plant, now known as the Ottumwa Electric 
Light & Steam Company. This company now 
operates the city and commercial lights, the 
street car line and the steam heating plant. 
During the past year they have installed mod- 
ei-n apparatus for .'lighting, using what is 
known as the Hartford system of street light- 
ing, with enclosed alternating lamps, and have 
a capacity for 8,000 incandescent lamps. The 
power plant consists_of 1,000 horse-power en- 
gine capacity, 1,300 horse-power in boilers and 



electrical units of i,ooo horse-power. They 
operate seven and one-half miles of track and 
run eight cars regularl}', — they have a total 
of i8 cars; the maximum grade is lo per cent. 
A large amount of power is distributed to 
manufacturing plants. The (company oper- 
ates about three miles of steam main. The 
officers of the company are : J. H. Merrill, 
president ; J. B. Sax, secretary ; J. W. Garner, 
treasurer. This is distinctly an Ottumwa in- 
stitution, the stock being owned by Ottumwa 


The following is a statement of the condi- 
tion <;f the banks of the city in December, 1900, 
as compared with the condition of the same 
banks one year previous. The statement is 

from official sources : The capital, including 
profit account, employed by the three national 
and three savings banks of this city, as taken 
from published reports of December 2d, was 
3^663,188.73. Their total assets were $3,162,- 
603. Their combined deposits were $2,341,- 
914.37, and their loans $1,965,922. The 
same six banks on December 13, 1900, 
had an invested capital and profit account of 
$679,176.78; assets, $3,586,445.57; deposits, 
$2,732,318.79, and loans, $2,225,527.75. This 
does not include the W^apello County -Savings 
Bank, organized February 5, 1900, which has 
a capital and profit account of $51,971.05; to- 
tal assets, $146,378.25; deposits, $94,407.20; 
and loans, $128,658.48; nor the Citizens 
Bank, which is a private institution and makes 
no published report. 



Public Schools and Churches — Fraternal Societies — Railroads of the County — 
Ne\\-spapers of the County — A Glance at Manufacturing Interests — The 
Carnegie Library. 

public schools. 

The Courier, on September 22, 1848, men- 
tions that "Ottumwa, or rather Center town- 
ship, has two schools but no school-house." 
In May, 1849, there was a tax of i per cent to 
build a school-house in the city. These plans 
were not carried out, but in 1850 two frame 
buildings were erected, and in 1853 Miss La- 
vina Chanler opened a private school in one 
of these buildings in the lower or eastern part 
■of the town. Misses Hornby and Street 
opened a school on August 6, 1855. W A. 
Sutliff opened a select school at about the same 
time. The Ottumwa Seminary was opened on 
the 8th of October, 1855. On October 15, 
1858, there was the first recorded meeting of 
■directors of the Ottumwa City School District. 
There were present : J. M. McElroy, president ; 
W. L. Orr, vice-president; and S. B. Thrall, 
secretary. The treasurer was Charles Law- 
rence. In 1858 the board was made up as 

follows: Thomas C. Woodward, president; S. 
B. Thrall, vice-president ; S. D. Alorse, secre- 
tary ; John Moore, treasurer ; directors, Joseph 
Hayne, Joseph H. Merrill, F J. Hunter. In 
1865 a commodious brick school-house was 
built on College Sc[uare, at an expense of $28,- 
818.57. It will be seen that ai an early date 
Ottumwa had determined on superior facilities 
for educating the youth of the town. During' 
all the time, from the organization of the first 
school board, the officers ha\e been men of the 
highest intelligence and business capacity. 
There have been few superintendents of the 
schools, and these few have ranked high in 
their profession. A. W. Stuart became super- 
intendent in 1873, succeeding Wilson Palmer, 
and during the past twenty-eight years he has 
worked faithfully and with great success for 
the improvement of the schools. He ranks 
now as one of the prominent educators of the 

There are 10 school buildings in Ottumwa, 



which cost about as follows : High School, 
situated on West Fourth street, $50,000; 
Adams school, situated on East Fourth, Col- 
lege, East Second and Union streets, $32,000; 
Lincoln School, North Court, $24,000; Agas- 
siz and Irving schools. South Side, each $18,- 
000; Franklin school. Walnut avenue, $18,000; 
Garfield school. North Ash street, $18,000; 
Douglas school, AA'est Second street, $8,000; 
Froebel school, Adams lot, $2,000 ; Hedrick 
school, Highland Park, $17,000. Four-room 
additions are now completed to the Lincoln and 
Irving buildings, at a cost of $15,000. The 
last school census, taken in September, 1900, 
shows 5,632 persons of school age in the dis- 
trict; the average daily attendance for the 
school year, ending June, 1900, was 3,284. 
The number of teachers employed is no, of 
which four are males. The members of the 
school board are: E. E. McElroy, J. C. Jor- 
dan, T. H. Pickler, W. A. Mclntire, Charles 
Hallberg, E. T. Edgerly, A. D. Moss. E. E. 
McElroy is president of the board and J. A. 
Wagner, secretary. 


The first minister of the Gospel was Rev. 
B. A. Spaulding, who came as a missionary in 
1843 or 1844, as a member of the "Iowa Band," 
composed of nine young preachers of the Con- 
gregational church. Mr. Spaulding was a 
devoted Christian, and was held in high respect 
during all his life by all who knew him. He 
formed a church in Agency City in 1844. The 
Congregational church of Ottumwa was organ- 

ized February 15, 1846, with eight members: 
Bela White, Samuel S. Norris, Anna N. Nor- 
ris, Julia M. Norris, Peter Barnett, Mrs. P. 
Barnett, Mrs. David P. Smith. Mr. Spauld- 
ing was the pastor for twenty-two years, when 
he resigned, and died March 31, 1867. This 
church has been favored with pastors of more 
than ordinary ability, among whom may be 
mentioned Spaulding, Simeon Brown, Her- 
man Bross, Dr. J. W. Healy, Rev. Archibald 
and the present pastor, P. Addlestine Johnston. 
A church edifice was erected in 1875-76, on 
Fourth street, at a cost of $22,000. 

Revs. S. C. McCune and L. G. Bell organ- 
ized the First Presbyterian church, September 
24, 1853, with the following members: Dr. 
\V L. Orr, John Hite, Rebecca Hite, Luther 
Hite, Elizabeth Hite, Hannah Hoover, John M. 
Taylor, Sarah Taylor, Rebecca Brown, Charles 
Brown, Jonathan Heckard, Harriet Heckard, 
Elizabeth Carmen, Martha Gray, Mary Davis, 
Sarah A. Moyer, Lucy A. Sloan, Anna Bill- 
man, Sarah L. Mudge and Daniel Hoover were 
received on profession of faith, and Michael 
Heckard and Mary M. Heckard were received 
on certificate. Dr. W. L. Orr, John Hite and 
John M. Taylor were ordained as elders. In 
July, 1855, Rev. J. M. McElroy arrived, and 
took charge of the church as pastor, and labored 
with great success for many years. He was 
succeeded by Revs. H. B. Knight, B. S. Ely, 
Frederick W. Hinitt and F. F. Stoltz in the 
order named. The church building is on the 
corner of Eovn-th and Washington streets; its 
cost was $20,000. The pastors of this church 
were eminent in their sacred profession and 



labored with zeal in the interests of Christian- 
ity. In 1886, the Presbyterians of the East 
End organized, and, aided largely by T. D. 
Foster, built a large church building in thai 
locality. Rev. Murray is the present pastor. 
The Presbyterians also have an organization jn 
the West End of the city. 

The Methodist Episcopal church was early 
in the field, represented by Rev. Thomas yi. 
Kirkpatrick, who conducted services in a log 
cabin in 1844. The first organization was 
effected in 1845, '^^'ith Mr. Kirkpatrick as 
pastor. The following-named were prominent 
members at that time : Heman P. Graves and 
wife; Paul C. Jeffries and wife; Washington 
Williams and wife; Martha Williams, later on 
the wife of Dr. C. C. Warden; Peter Barnett 
and wife; Mrs. Joseph Hayne; Sarah Pumroy; 
Sarah Lewis ; J. C. Evans and wife. The 
Main Street M. E. church was organized in 
1869, by Rev. E. L. Briggs, with 70 members. 
The First M. E. church edifice is on the cor- 
ner of Fourth and Market streets. The Main 
Street church building is on the corner of 
Main and College streets. The pastors of these 
churches have been successful in building up 
the different organizations to a high degree of 

The Catholic church organization dates 
back to 1849, when missionary work was in- 
augurated by Rev. Father Villars, of Keokuk. 
Rev. Alexander Hattenberg came in 185 1 and 
remained a time. In the winter of 1853, Rev. 
Father John Kreckel came to St. Mary's Catho- 
lic church and at once entered upon an arduous 
line of duties that extended over Wapello, Jef- 

ferson, Van Buren, Keokuk, Mahaska, Polk, 
Jasper, Marion, Monroe, Davis, Appanoose, 
\\'ayne and Decatur counties. Father Kreckel 
was of sturdy, vigorous frame, indomitable 
will, and undying devotion to the church. He 
organized other parishes, made perilous jour- 
neys, encountering cold, heat, high and dan- 
gerous waters, with the same firm determina- 
tion to overcome all obstacles. He built a sub- 
stantial stone church on the corner of Fourth 
and Court streets, also a convent and the St. 
Joseph school, and was always ready to extend 
a helping hand to Ottumwa enterprises. He 
was a man of marked character and accom- 
plished great good in his day and generation. 
He died June 18, 1899, and was succeeded by 
Father Kelly. There are two other Catholic 
churches : St. Patrick's, in South Ottumwa, 
with Rev. John O'Farrell as priest, and the 
Church of the Sacred Heart, with Father 
Flood (since deceased) in charge. 

St. Mary's parish of the Epicopal church 
was organized at the office of Jacob Wen- 
dall, on May 2, 1857; Rev. D. F Hutchison 
presided ; there were present Dr. L. D. Morse, 
James Hawley, Sr., James Sinnamon, C. J. 
Gilson, E. AA'ashburn, John J. AVendall and 
W. F. Elmendorf. The name of the parish 
was changed to Trinity a few years ago. Suc- 
ceeding Mr. Hutchison as rector were the fol- 
lowing: R. R. Gift'ord, 1860-1864; Walter 
F. Lloyd, 1864-1866; J. E. Ryan, 1866-1871 ; 
W. C. Mills, 1872-1875; A, C. Stilson, 1876- 
1889; J. H. Lloyd, 1889-1895. Rev. J. Hol- 
lister Lynch is the present rector. The present 
number of communicants is 7,t,t, ; in 1895, when 



Mr. Lynch became rector, there were 235. 
The church building is a beautiful structure 
on the corner of Fifth and Market streets. 
I1 is a model of church architecture. 

The First Baptist church was organized 
March 14, 1855; 17 persons entered the or- 
ganization, viz : John Ballard, Elizabeth 
Wellman, Avia AVellman, Samuel Harper, 
Mary Harper, Ann Michael, Eliza Alcott, 
Daniel Barrett, Lydia Guthrie, Virginia Bar- 
rett, Eliza Harper, Melissa Fisher, Margaret 
Higdon, Francis Llewellyn, Charity Aldridge,. 
Miner\'a Fisher and Barbara A. Monk. The 
church has had an unusual number of pastors 
since its organization; the present pastor is 
Rev. Davies. 

The Church of Christ was organized in 
March, 1845, with nine persons, as follows ^ 
Hugh Brown, Nathaniel Bell, M. J. Bell and 
daughter, Eliza Halloway, J. Anderson and 
wife, H. H. Hendrick and a Mr. Potts. H. 
H. Hendrick was ordained evangelist in the 
autumn of 1847; the ordination services were 
conducted by Aaron Chatterton, who was a 
noted evangelist. 

The first Swedish Lutheran church in the 
county was organized about the year 1859 in 
Polk township. The church in Ottumwa was 
organized in 1871. The church building is on 
Jefferson street and is cjuite commodious. 

The colored people of the city have two 
churches, of the Baptist and Methodist de- 
nominations, and have comfortable church 
buildings. The African M. E. church was 
organized in 1867. 

TlTere are church organizations and edi- 

fices in South Ottumwa for the Congregational, 
Christian, Methodist Episcopal, Methodist 
Protestant, Baptist and United Brethren de- 
nominations. The Dunkards and Friends, or 
Quakers, are also organized and hold regular 
meetings. It should also be recorded that T. 
J. Hall, of the Christian or Disciple denomi- 
nation, built a small church at his own expense 
in South Ottumwa, where services are held 
each Lord's day. 


The first Masonic organization in Ottum- 
wa was that of Ottumwa Lodge, No. 16, A. F. 
& A. M., on August 18, 1848. The first offi- 
cers chosen under special dispensation were: 
H. M. C. Lane, W M. ; V. AV Coffin, S. W. ; 
J. C. Tolman, J. \Y. ; Samuel Carnes, treas- 
urer; Bela White, secretary; T. A. Truman, 
S. D. ; N. L. Gephard, J. D. ; Seth Fair, tiler. 
The charter was issued in November, 1.848, 
under which the following officers were 
chosen : H. M. C. Lane, W. M. ; V W,. Coffin, 
S. W.; J. C. Tolman, J. W. ; N. Baldwin, 
treasurer; Bela White, secretary; N. C. Hill, 
S. D. : N. L. Gephard, J. D. ; M. W. Hopkin- 
son, tiler. 

Empire Lodge, No. 269, A. F. & A. M., 
was organized October 21, 1869, under dis- 
pensation issued to J. C. Hinsey, W. M. ; I. N. 
Mast, S. AV. ; George Hill, J. W. ; AVilliam S. 
Holden, S. D. ; M. McFarlin, J. D. ; John F. 
Lewis, treasurer : Joseph Gray, secretary ; and 
H. B. Cowell, tiler. The constituent mem- 
bers were : John Gray, L. L. McBride, O. H. 



Potts, Charles O. Williams, J. P. Cariies, O. E. 
Stewart and Charles W. Betts. 

Ottumwa Lodge, No. 9, I. O. O. F., was 
the first organization of Odd Fellows, on May 
20, 1848. John F. Baldwin, Duane F. Gay- 
lord, V. \Y:. Coffin, Thomas A. Freeman, 
Thomas J. Devin, R. Boydson and George M. 
Wright were the charter members. 

Laramie Lodge, No. 230, I. O. O. F-, was 
instituted January 22, 1872, with the follow- 
ing charter members: Jacob Prugh, J. J. 
Millard, John L. Moore, D. W. Tower, L. M. 
Godley, James Hawley, Sr., Eugene Fawcett, 

C. G. Lewis, G. A. Derby, W. W. Pollard. 
Ottumwa Lodge, No. 347, Benevolent and 

Protective Order of Elks, was instituted under 
a charter bearing date of July 7, 1896. John 
P. Scheying was exalted ruler; F. B. Clark, 
esteemed leading knight ; C. M. Myers, es- 
teemed loyal knight; J. B. McCarroll, esteemed 
lecturing knight. The other charter members 
were : Charles Hall, R. H. Moore, T. M. Gilt- 
ner, Charles A. AValsh, AV. F. McDonald, H. 
M. Hedrick, S. L. McGavic, J. R. Burgess, 

D. M. Conroy, AV. A. Graves, AA^ AA^ Vance, 
L. J. Baker, J. C. Cooper, Luther Brown, Gus. 

The following orders and fraternal organ- 
izations in the city are mentioned, with the 
name of a leading member in connection there- 
with : A. O. U. AAA., G. A. Pitts; K. O. T. 
M., Dr. C. R. Russell; L. O. T. M., Miss Nora 
Cook; Eagles, C. A. Brown; Foresters, John 
O'Donnell; M. AV. A., Frank Norfolk; AV. O. 
W., L. B. Scott; Knights and Ladies of Se- 
curity, Dr. E. A. Sheafe; Ancient Order of 

Hibernians, Fred Grier; B. of R. T., F. M. 
Reeves; K. of P., A. G. Cook. 

A lodge of the American Brotherhood of 
Yeomen was organized in November, 1899, by 
John L. Moore. 

Pickwick Lodge, No. 129, I. O. O. F., was 
instituted in South Ottumwa December 8, 
1891, with the following charter members: J. 
A. Ballard, A. S. Cook, D. S. Lain, W. N. Bal- 
lard, Charles E. Newnam, J. H. Finley, J. E. 
Hull, O. L. Harris, AV F. Harsch, U. G. 
Reed, A. G. Cook, C. T. Hartman, J. Eichen- 

AVapello' Lodge, No. 632, I. O. O. F., was 
instituted in South Ottumwa, December 8, 
1897, with the following charter members: J. 
A. Ballard, H. D. Rime, J. H. Finley, W. N. 
Ballard, J. Eichenberry, M. Schwartzenbach, 
L. McCrary, J. A. Rupe, J. AV. Carson, R. S. 
Carson, A. T. Snider, S. L. Finley, Samuel 
Harding, V E. Beeson. 

Dorcas Lodge, No. 1888, I. O. O. F. ( Re- 
bekah degree) , was instituted in South Ottum- 
wa, October 19, 1893, with the following 
charter members : J. Eichenberry, Alarv Eich- 
enberry, A\' X. Ballard and wife Hester, A. 
S. Cook and wife .Vnna, J. A. Ballard and wife 
Lizzie J., J. H. Finley and wife Luella, Charles 
E. Newnam and \\ife Alice, AA". F. Harsch and 
wife Rosanna, E. A\'. Steel t^nd wife Ella, 
U. G. Reed and wife Fannie, H. D. Rime 
and wife Arabella, E. L. Holt and wife Jane, 
J. E. Hull and wife Tena, S. L. Finlev and 
wife Nannie, F. G. Ven de Ven, Anna Ven de 
Ven, Ella Paxton. 

Glenwood Camp, No. 1740, Modern^AVood- 



men of America, was instituted in South Ot- 
tumwa August 15, 1892, with the following- 
charter members : E. M. Arenschield, J. A. 
Ballard, W. H. Campbell, W. L. Bateman, W. 
S. Brown, Charles E. Brown, S. L. Finley, O. 

E. James, J. A. Moorhead, C. M. Xye, J. L. 
Schwartz, M. Schwartzenbach, B. W. Scott, 

F. G. Ven de Ven, O. D. Wray, 

Tuttle Post, No. 497, G. A. R., was insti- 
tuted in South Ottumwa April 28, 1892, with 
the following charter members : M. T. Dough- 
erty, W. F. Harsch, D. S. Lain, W. H. Duncan, 
W. H. Morgan, L. M. Adams, John Cherry, 
C. C. Powell, J. O. Parker, J. J. Ninemeyer, 

G. W. Wisehart, G. \V Somerville, E. H. 
Thomas, B. F. Berry. W. G. Powell, William 
J. Jasper, W. G. Fish, J. H. ,Riggs, Griff 

Reno Post, of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, was organized in Ottumwa, in 1879, 
but its membership was never more than about 
30 ; it held its charter nearly four years ; its 
commanders were : Templin, Harness, Mor- 
timer and L. J. Allen. This post disbanded 
and a petition for a new post was circulated 
and signed by 97 veterans. The name of the 
new post is Cloutman, No. 69 ; it opened with 
67 members. It was designated as Cloutman 
Post in honor of Capt. C. C. Cloutman, who 
was killed at Fort Donelson. E. M. B. Scott 
was the first commander and served three 
terms; then came D. T. Miller in 1887, W. S. 
Coen in 1888, Timothy Egan in 1889, T. J. 
Hah in 1890, Maj. A. H. Hamiltoon in 1891. 
The following named gentleman served as com- 
manders of Cloutman Post after Major Ham- 

ilton: James H. Coe, in 1892; Levi Hills, in 
1893 ; S. B. Evans, in 1894; W. H. H. Asbury, 
in 1895; George H. AVheelock, in 1896; T. R. 
Bickley, in 1897; S. H. Harper, in 1898; W. 
R. Warren, in 1899; W. H. Fetzer, in 1900; 
H. L. Waterman, in 1901. Several members 
of this post have served on the department and 
Ihe uH^ional staff. 

iV camp of the Sons of Veterans was or- 
ganized as Donelson Camp, No. 32, in 1886. 
W. B. La Force was the first captain and was 
succeeded by Dr. S. A. Spilman. The camp 
was reorganized by Lieutenant-Colonel Dilley, 
who mustered in 75 new members in April, 
1901. The following were the officers : Cap- 
tain, J. K. Dysart ; first lieutenant, John K. 
Mahon ; second lieutenant, Russell Harper ; 
first sergeant. Dr. M. Bannister ; quartermaster 
sergeant, John R. Criley. The following are 
past captains : William M. Reece, George P. 
Salmon, H. M. Spilman, E. M. Campbell, W. 
T. Mollison, C. H. Auraack. It is due to Cap- 
tain Mollison's efforts that there have been 
such large accessions to the camp recently. 


The first railroad to enter the city was the 
Burlington & Missouri River Railroad, now a 
part of the C. B. & Q. Railroad system. The- 
road was formally opened to public use to Ot- 
tumwa September i, 1859. Work from Ot- 
tumwa west was begun in 1865 and the road 
was finished to Albia November i, 1866. The 
day that the B. & M. R. road entered Ottum- 
wa was made memorable by a great gathering 



of the people of the county, speeches, toasts and 
responses. The citizens of Ottumwa had pro- 
vided a free dinner on long tables beneath 
the shade of the trees; when the food was 
placed on the tables, the throng did not 
wait for dinner to be announced, but made a 
rush and a grab, and swept everything off 
the tables. The dinner was a failure, not 
because there was not enough provided, but 
through the waste and selfishness of those 
who wanted more than a fair share of the 
victuals. After the arrival of the B.* & M. 
R., there came the Des Moines Valley 
Railroad (now incorporated into the C. R. I. 
& P. Ry. system) ; then the St. Louis & Cedar 
Rapids Railroad (now in the Wabash R. R. 
system) ; then the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 
Paul Railway, extending to Kansas City ; then 
the Fort Madison & Northwestern Railroad, 
later known as the Chicago, Fort Madison & 
Des Moines Railroad (now included in the C. 
B. & Q. R. R. system). 

The immense business done over these lines 
will be better appreciated by a study of the 
figures furnished by officials cf the difl^erent 
roads. The figures are, consolidated : Amount 
of freight earnings forwarded and received at 
Ottumwa station by the C. B. & Q., C. M. & 
St. P., C. R. I. & P., Wabash and Fort Madi- 
son roads, during 1900, $1,166,146.55. 

A citizen of Ottumwa, who entered the 
service of the C. B. & Q. Railroad when he 
was quite a young man, just returned from the 
Civil War, had an extraordinary career and 
arose, as it were, from the ranks ; beginning as 
a station agent at Albia, he became general 

manager of the C. B. & Q. Railroad system, 
and afterward general manager of the Union 
Pacific Railroad. This was Capt. Thomas J. 
Potter, son of John and Nancy Potter, also of 
this city. He was advanced from station 
agent to assistant division superintendent; 
from that position to charge of a division ; then 
to manager of the Iowa lines, and on until he 
became general manager. He was a vev\ able 
man, and, if he had lived, would no doubt have 
achieved still greater success. Mr. Potter was 
born in Carroll county, Ohio, August 16, 1840, 
and died in the city of Washington, March 9, 

O.' E. Stewart is the present division super- 
intendent of the C. B. & O. Railroad; he has, 
also risen from an humble place to the position 
he now holds, through merit alone. 



The Des Moines Courier was the first 
newspaper established in the county, August 
8, 1848, by R. H. Warden and J. H. D. Street. 
January 20, 1851, Mr. Warden became sole 
proprietor. In April, 1852, J. W. Norris acted 
as associate editor and on December 20, 1855,. 
he became editor and proprietor. In 1866 N. 
D. Musselman, AV. H. Caldwell and W. C. 
Holden succeeded Mr. Norris, and in August, 
1869, Gen. John M. Hedrick and Maj. A. H. 
Hamilton became editors and proprietors. In 
Januarv, 1878, Major Hamilton became sole 
owner and editor. In 1857 the name of the 
paper was changed to the Ottuimva Courier, 
and on April 5, 1865, the Daily Ottumzva 



■Courier was first issued and has continued to be 
prosperous and enterprising from that day to 
this. On April i, 1890, A. W. Lee became 
proprietor and editor-in-chief of the Courier 
(Major Hamihon retiring), and the paper at 
once entered upon a new career of prosperity. 
On June i, 1898, he added a perfecting press, 
with great speed capacity, to the newspaper 
•equipment, at a cost of several thousands of 
dollars. This was necessar}- in order to meet 
the demands of an increased subscription list. 
Mr. Lee has displayed wonderful energy in 
building up this paper to metropolitan ideas and 

In June, 1850, the Des Moines Republic 
was first published by James Baker & Com- 
pany, but it was suspended after about two 
years of existence. 

G. D. R. Boyd published the first number 
of the Democratic Statesman in 1858; he was 
succeeded by J. H. D. Street, and in 1861 H. 
B. Hendershott and E. L. Burion became the 
owners and changed the name to the Ottumiva 
Democratic Union. In 1862 Judge Hender- 
shott retired, and S. B. Evans became asso- 
ciated with Mr. Burton in the publication of 
the Democratic Ulcrcurx. J\Ir. Evans went into 
the army in August, 1862, and Judge Burton 
continued the publication in connection with 
his brother, S. H. Burton, until October, 1865, 
when Judge Burton sold his interests to Russell 
Higgins ; in November, 1865, Mr. Higgins sold 
to S. B. Evans, who remained until March, 
1868, when the latter severed his connection 
with the paper, and in a few weeks it was dis- 
continued permanently. 

In December, 1870, S. B. Evans founded 
the Otiiunzca Democrat (weekly), and in 1874 
he established the Daily Democrat. It was the 
first paper in the city printed by steam power. 
In 1876 he sold a half interest in the plant to 
J. \y. Norris ; later on the Democrat was con- 
solidated with the Times, under the name of 
the Democrat and Times, which continued until 
1 88 1, when the plant was finally sold to a 
syndicate of Democrats, and the company was 
incorporated. In August, 1884, Rlr. Evans 
assumed the management and thus continued 
until the paper was purchased by R. H. Moore, 
who published the paper until August, 1897; 
when it was consolidated with the Sun. Mr. 
Moore retired in 1898, and was succeeded by 
Charles D. Brown & Company, until George F. 
Smith became owner; Mr. Smith transferred 
the paper to Martha B. Johnston, who conduct- 
ed it a few weeks until June 15, 1901, when 
S. A. Brewster became sole proprietor, and who 
at once began to put forth great energy in the 
conduct of the paper. Mr. Brewster is strong 
as a writer, as well as in business c|ualifications. 

In 1870 H. S. Bailey began the publication 
of the Rez'cille, which lived six months. 

In April, 1871, A. Danquard established the 
Journal, a German paper; in 1881 John A. 
Wagner became part owner, and in 1884 be- 
came sole proprietor. 

In April, 1874, the Ottumwa Printing 
Company, consisting of H. M. Ives, O. C. 
Graves, Dr. G. F. Foster and others, began the 
publication of. the Spirit of the Times. Foster 
soon withdrew, and in 1875 H. M. Ives pur- 
chased Mr. Graves' interest. In July, 1876, 



I. T. Flint acquired an intei'est. The Times 
was consolidated with the Democrat on No- 
vember 14, 1878. 

The Ottumn'a Press (weekly) appeared in 
1880, published by Riley & Jones, as a modest 
and unpretending sheet, but under the intelli- 
gent direction of its proprietors it grew in cir- 
culation and in size, and attained a large cir- 
culation in southern Iowa. In the year 1899 
the plant was incorporated, Riley & Jones tak- 
ing a majority of the stock, and a daily edition 
of the Press appeared. The plant was equipped 
with a speedy and expensive printing press and 
typesetting machines, but the enterprise did not 
pay, and the paper was forced to suspend. 

The Ottum-ci'a Saturday Ne-n's appeared as 
the Soiitli Ottumzva Ne-n's January 4, 1890, 
with E. H. Thomas as publisher. J\Ir. Thomas 
was appointed postmaster of South Ottumwa, 
disposed of his paper, and in the course of 
time it passed into the hands of A. Jay Stump 
and Arthur IMcGrew, the present proprietors, 
and is now enjoying a fair degree of prosperity. 
It is independent in politics. 

The Ottumiva Sun (weekly) was estab- 
lished in June, 1890, by S. B. and H. C. Evans, 
and prospered until it was incorporated. The 
Moruiug Suu, a daily morning paper, was es- 
tablished in 1894, and although it attained a 
circulation of nearly 2,000 as a daily edition, 
yet the enterprise was not profitable, and the 
daily was suspended. The Sun was continued 
as a weekly until July, 1897, when it was con- 
solidated with the Democrat. 

The Independent, as a weekly, was estab- 

lished May 26, 1899, by S. B. Evans. It is 
what the name implies, politically. 

The Saturday Herald (weekly) was estab- 
lished Alay 27, 1899, by R. H. Moore. Mrs. 
Moore is assistant editor. 


There are a number of small factories in 
Ottumwa, but it will be our purpose to note 
only those that employ a large number of peo- 
ple, and have been potent in building up the 
town, giving it the prestige of being one of 
the leading manufacturing cities in Iowa. 

Among the most notable of the earl)- fac- 
tories of Ottumwa is the Johnston Ruffler Com- 
pany, which had a very humble beginning; in 
1872, however, the company erected buildings 
at a cost of $48,000, and entered upon the 
manufacture of sewing machine rufflers on a 
large scale, supplying a great part of this coun- 
try and many European cities. The patents 
finally expiring, the manufacture of these de- 
vices declined, and the Ottumwa Iron \\'orks 
developed. This factory supplies all manner 
of iron machinery, making a specialty of min- 
ing hoists and steam engines. 

The most important industrial and com- 
mercial enterprise in the city is the ]\Ii irrell 
Packing House. The peculiar advantage ■; Ot- 
tumwa offers for a great packing house were 
first brought to the attention of T. D. Foster, 
through Hon. J. G. Hutchison, on board an 
Atlantic steamship. Mr. Hutchison \\as re- 
turning from Europe and Mr. Foster was on 



his way to America to seek a location. It was 
a most fortunate meeting for all concerned, 
as it resulted in inducing Mr. Foster to investi- 
gate, and he was satisfied. The great English 
packing house began operations here in 1877. 
A disastrous fire took place July 12, 1893, and 
the plant was almost destroyed, but it was re- 
built on a larger scale. It is one of the largest 
exclusively pork packing houses in the world, 
with a capacity of from 4,000 to 5,000 hogs 
per day, employing over 1,000 men on the 
average during the year. The Morrell meats 
find a market in Norway, Sweden, Great 
Britain, Denmark, Germany, Holland, Austria, 
Belgium, France, Italy and Switzerland, and, 
of course, an extensive market in America. 
Agencies are established in New York, Boston, 
Memphis, San Francisco and in several other 
American cities. A detailed description of the 
great plant appears in the sketch of A-Ir. Foster, 
which is in another part of this volume. Mr. 
Foster takes great interest in all public enter- 
prises and gives freely of his means to aid all 
things that contribute to the good of the city 
and county. 

The Janney Manufacturing Company was 
established in July, 1899. This factory manu- 
factures the Janney Common Sense Corn 
Husker and Fodder Shredder, the Janney Corn 
Planters and Grinders, and other agricultural 
implements and machinery. The plant is in- 
stalled in a number of extensive brick build- 
ings, and employs 150 men, exclusive of the 
ofihce force and traveling agents. A detailed 
description of the plant appears in a sketch of 
Mr. Janney in this volume. 

The Dain Factory was established and be- 
gan operations early in January, 1900. The 
buildings are in South Ottumwa near the Wa- 
bash Railroad. These buildings are extensive. 
This establishment manufactures hay stackers, 
loaders, land rollers, shoveling boards, hay 
rakes, feed grinders and other agricultural im- 
plements. About 150 men are employed. 

On April 20, 1891, the Hardsocg Manu- 
facturing Company was incorporated for the 
manufacture and sale of mining tools. These 
implements are acknowledged to be superior to 
any other kind and are used in all the prom- 
inent mines of the United States. Martin 
Hardsocg, the president of the company, found- 
ed the plant. A more detailed description will 
be found in a sketch of Mr. Hardsocg, that 
appears elsewhere in this volume. 

The Ottumwa Box Car Loader Company 
began operations about two years ago, and 
about a year ago erected a building, in which 
the plant is installed. ■ The product of the 
plant is a machine for loading box cars with 
coal. It is the invention of Henry Phillips. 


On January 6, 1900, Andrew Carnegie of- 
fered to give $50,000 for the erection of a 
library building in Ottumwa, coupled with the 
condition that the city should by tax or other- 
wise contribute $5,000 annually for the support 
of a library. This proposition was accepted 
or ratified by the people at a special election 
held September 4, 1900. On October i, 1900, 
the following persons were named as trustees 



by Mayor T. J. Phillips: J. T. Hackworth, 
W. A. Mclntire, J. J. Smith, S. P. Hartman, 
F. W. Simmons, C. M. Myers, C. P. Brown, 
George Withall and D. E. Chisman. The ap- 
pointments were confirmed by the city council. 
On October 3, 1900, the trustees met and or- 
ganized by- electing J. T. Hackworth, presi- 
dent ; S. P. Hartman, secretary. Steps were at 
once taken to procure a site for the building 
and to secure plans for the structure, which was 
to be completed January 20, 1902. The plans 
of Smith & Gutterson, of Des Moines, were 
adopted on May 15, 1901, and the contract for 

the building was let. The main building is to 
be 93.4 by 61 feet, with annex of 38.1 by 27.4 
feet, to contain books ; the design is classic, but 
does not conform exactly to any of the different 
orders of architecture. It may be considered 
as Italian Renaissance, or an Italian soften- 
ing of the Greek-Doric order of architecture, 
and has a grand effect. The contractors for 
the work are Bartlett & Kling, of Galesburg, 
Illinois ; the immediate direction of the work is 
under George Withall, superintendent for the 
trustees, and R. B. Teeter, superintendent for 
the contractors. 




Official Roster of the City of Ottumwa — Names of the Different Persons Who 
HAVE Held Elective and Appointive Offices — The Postmasters of Ottumwa. 

Following- is a list of city officials for the 
past fifty years, from the time Ottnmwa was 
organized as a village in 185 1 up to the present. 
The list contains many names that ha\e since 
become famous in city and state affairs, and it 
shows that some of the most substantial men 
the city contained were at one time or another 
at the head or participated in its government. 
Ottumwa was organized on I\Ia)- 20, 1844, and 
the site for the city selected, but it was not un- 
til 185 1 that the town was incorporated and a 
set of officials provided for. When the site for 
a city was first selected it was gi\'en the In- 
dian name of Ottumwa, but later it was 
changed to Louisville, in honor of Louisville, 
Kentuck)^ This name was kept but a few 
months, when it returned to the old Lidiau 
name, which it has had since. 

George Gillaspy was the first president of 
the board of trustees or mayor, as the office is 
known at present. Since that time Ottumwa 
has' passed successively through all the stages 
of a village with its board of trustees, until to- 

day it is a city of the first class, with a mayor 
and a full set of city officials. 


George Gillaspy, president of board; Bert- 
rand Jones, clerk (resigned October 24; suc- 
ceeded by William H. Bonnifield) ; Duane F. 
Gaylord, treasurer ; Joseph Leighton, assessor ; 
T. A. Taylor, marshal (removed June 14: suc- 
ceeded by William L. Bastin). - 

Trustees — J. W. Caldwell, Albert Mudge, 
Silas Osborn, John ]\I}-ers, Sr. 


Albert Mudge, president of board; H. B. 
Hendershott, clerk; Joseph Leighton, treasur- 
er; Duane F. Gaylord, assessor; James Hall, 

Trustees — George Gillaspy, J. W. Caldwell, 
James Hawley, Erastus Washburn. 




Albert IMudge, president of board; H. B. 
Hendershott, clerk; James Hall, treasurer; 
William J. Ross, assessor; John A. Newman, 

Trustees — George Gillaspy, J. AV. Caldwell, 
James Hawley, Erastus Washburn. 


A. L. Graves, president of board; William 
L. Orr, clerk; Thomas J. Holmes, treasurer; 
C. Hickenlooper, assessor; John A. Newman, 
marshal ; William Lewis, collector. 

Trustees — C. C. \A^arden, Stephen Osborn, 
Joseph Leighton, Thomas G. Given. 


C. C. Warden, president of board ; AA'illiam 
L. Orr, clerk; John Graves, treasurer (resigned 
February 7, 1856; succeeded by N. C. Hill) ; 
Josiah H. Myers, assessor; H. B. Jones, mar- 
shal ; J. W. Ireland, collector. 

Trustees — A. L. Graves, H. B. Hender- 
shott, Joseph Leighton and David Gephart. 

James Hawley, president of board ; Charles 
Lawrence, clerk; Charles F Blake, treasurer 
(resigned January 30, 1857; succeeded by AA'. 
L. Orr, who was elected to fill the vacancy) ; 
Joseph Leighton, assessor; Richard Fisher, 
supervisor; J. W. Ireland, marshal and as- 


Trustees— E. Washburn, N. C. Hill, P. C. 
Daum and J. H. Griffith. 


The city was organized this year under its 
special charter. 

Duane F. Gaylord, mayor; James D. Devin, 
recorder; S. AA^. Summers, solicitor; Erastus 
Washburn, treasurer; Hosea B. Jones, assess- 
or; John A. Newman, marshal; S. AV. ITart- 
well, engineer. 

Aldermen — First ward, D. B. Abrahams,, 
F. AV. Hawley and Thomas Bigham; seconds 
ward, H. P. Graves, A. Hawkins and James. 
Milligan; third ward, Charles Lawrence, AA^- 
L. Orr and J. A. Hammond. 


A. H. Hamilton, mayor; Newton Doggett, 
recorder (resigned October 18; succeeded by 
AValter Goldsmith); A. A. Stuart, solicitor; 
S. J. Warden, treasurer ; C. F. Blake, assessor ; 
Josiah H. Myers, marshal. 

Aldermen — First ward, James Hawley, P. 
C. Daum and John Potter ; second ward, F. J. 
Hunter, J. AA'. Caldwell and J. Prugh (the 
latter resigned December 27; succeeded by J. 
AV. Dixon); third ward, J. Milburn, Thomas 
Neville and C. A. Bradshaw. 


George Gillaspy, mayor; AValter Gold- 
smith, recorder (resigned July 11, 1861;, suc- 
ceeded by A. W. Gaston) ; Erastus AVashburn, 



treasurer; James A. Milligan, assessor; J. H. 
Myers, marshal (resigned October i8, 1859; 
succeeded by D. F. Gaylord). 

Aldermen — First ward, H. B. Hendershott, 
J. N. Simons and John Potter; second ward, 
H. B. Jones, F. J. Hunter and A. Lewis ; third 
ward, J. G. Baker, A. L. Graves and C. F. 


William L. Orr, mayor; S. B. Thrall, re- 
corder; James Hawley, treasurer; J. Prugh, 
assessor ; W. H. CUfton, marshal ; J. A. Milli- 
gan, street commissioner. 

Aldermen — First ward, J. W. Dixon, D. 
C. Mitchell (resigned February 4, 1861 ; suc- 
ceeded by William Daggett) and J. AA^illiam- 
son ; second ward, R. H. Warden, A. Baldwin 
and A. Lotspeich ( latter resigned October i ; 
succeeded by J. W. Caldwell) ; third ward, C. 
W Kittridge, J. O'Conner and T. H. Milburn. 


Erastus Washburn, mayor; S. B. Thrall, 
recorder; E. L. Joy, solicitor; C. AV. Kittridge, 
treasurer (resigned July i; succeeded by AA^ 
L. Orr); A. Mudge, assessor; AA^illiam H. 
Clifton, marshal (resigned October 14; suc- 
ceeded by J. F. Lewis) ; J. A. Milligan, street 

Aldermen — First ward, William Daggett, 
E. L. Burton and J. H. Merrill ; second ward, 
William J. Ross, Charles Miller and J. \A^ 
Caldwell (the latter resigned August 5; suc- 
ceeded by A. H. Hamilton) ; third ward, J. 

M. Hedrick (resigned November 5; succeeded 
by S. W. Hayes), Thomas Neville and T. H. 


Samuel Gossage, mayor ; A. W. Gaston, re- 
corder; Tim Riordan, assessor; William J. 
Ross, treasurer; A. W. Gaston, solicitor; 
Thomas O' Sullivan, marshal. 

Aldermen — First ward, E. L. Burton, A. 
M. Bonnifield and F. W. Hawley; second 
ward, Robert Porter (resigned June 16, suc- 
ceeded by James Cullen), J. McLeod and A. 
Dombach ; third ward, Thomas Neville, T. J. 
Douglass and A. L. Graves. (The latter re- 
signed October 6; succeeded by George D. 
Temple. ) 


Samuel Gossage, mayor ; A. W. Gaston, re- 
corder ; Frances Bliley, treasurer; Tim Riordan, 
assessor (resigned February 4, 1864; succeed- 
ed by G. D.' Temple) ; A. W. Gaston, solicitor; 
John Danihy, marshal. 

Aldermen — First ward, E. L. Burton (re- 
signed Decembei'7; succeeded by H. B. Hen- 
dershott) , John Potter and M. B. Murphy; sec- 
ond ward, E. H. Stiles, AVilliam Sower and 
Joseph Wagg; third ward, T. J. Douglass, 
James Eakins and George D. Temple. 


Manlove McFarlin, mayor ; J. M. Douglass, 
recorder; Charles Lawrence, treasurer (re- 
signed January 20, 1865 ; succeeded by Thomas 


Neville); E. L. Burton, solicitor; George M. 
Wiltfong, assessor; H. B. Jones, marshal. 
(The latter resigned January i6, 1865; suc- 
ceeded by C. P. Mason.) 

Aldermen — First ward, M. B. Murphy (re- 
signed June 30; succeeded by H. B. Hender- 
shott), L. E. Gray and John Guyzelman; sec- 
ond ward, E. H. Stiles, H. C. Grube and H. 
B. Jones ; third ward, George D. Temple, James 
Eakins and Hugh Brown. 


Samuel Gossage, mayor; J. M. Douglass, 
recorder ; John Graves, treasurer ; E. L, Burton, 
solicitor ; John Coyan, assessor ; I. L. Milligan, 

Aldermen— First ward, A. D. Moss, A. M. 
Bonnifield and D. B. Abrahams; second ward, 
J. W. Carpenter, A. Huggins and William 
Daggett; third ward, James Brady, A. T. Holly 
and A. W. Gaston. 

James Hawley, Sr., mayor; Robert Burke, 
recorder (resigned November 5; succeeded by 
S. B. Thrall); A. F. Hoddy, assessor; E. H. 
Stiles, solicitor; R. H. Warden, treasurer; I. 
L. Milligan, marshal ; J. J. Adams, street com- 

Aldermen — First ward, A. H. Hamilton, 
H. B. Sisson, P. C. Daum ; second ward, J. C. 
Hinsey, J. McBride (resigned December 13; 
succeeded by J. W. Carpenter) and C. C. 
Peters; third ward, W. B. Armstrong, R. J. 
Williams and Tim Riordan. 


James Hawley, Sr., mayor; S. B. Thrall, 
recorder; E. L. Burton, solicitor (resigned July 
2 ; succeeded by C. E. Fulton) ; W. B. Arm- 
strong, treasurer ; J. S. Wood, marshal ; John 
Coyan, assessor; M. McFarlin, street commis- 

Aldermen — First ward, F. W. Hawley, G. 
C. Barnes (moved out of ward in June; suc- 
ceeded by P. C. Daum), G. A. Roemer; second 
ward, J. C. Hinsey, C. C. Peterii, A. Dombach. 
(The latter died in August; J. W. Caldwell 
elected) ; third ward, P. G. Ballingall, T. Rior- 
dan, W. B. Littleton. 


The city this year was reorganized under 
the general incorporation laws of the state. 

C. E. Fulton, mayor; S. B. Thrall, clerk; 
C. C. Blake, solicitor; J. A. Schworm, treas- 
urer; John S. Wood, marshal; John Coyan, 
assessor; M. McFarlin, street commissioner. 

Trustees — First ward, P. C. Daum, J. G. 
Meek. (Resigned November 16) ; second ward, 
J. C. Hinsey, W. W. Pollard ; third ward, W. 

B. Littleton, James Eakins. 


C. E. Fulton, mayor; S. B. Thrall, clerk; 

C. C. Blake, solicitor ; W. B. Armstrong, treas- 
urer ; J. S. Wood, marshal ; John Adams, as- 
sessor; N. A. Cody, street commissioner. 
(Office abolished October 5.) 



Trustees — First ward, S. D. Pierce, Tim 
Riordan; second ward, C. F. Blake, F. J. 
Clarke; thirc^ ward, J. G. Hutchison (resigned 
November i6), P. Brady; fourth ward, W. W. 
Pollard, B. B. Durfee. 


W. B. Littleton, mayor; \V H. Caldwell, 
clerk; Eugene Fawcett, solicitor; D. AA'. Tower, 
treasurer ; John S. Wood, marshal ; John Coy- 
an, assessor; H. L. Waterman, engineer. 

Trustees — First ward, Tim Riordan, P. G. 
Ballingall ; second ward, C. F. Blake, J. S. Por- 
ter (the latter resigned May 2; succeeded by 
R. H. Warden) ; third ward, P. Brady, Will- 
iam Daggett (the latter resigned July 2; suc- 
ceeded by J. S. Porter) ; fourth ward, R. N. 
Harlan, John E. Cummings. 


W. B. Littleton, mayor; W. H. Caldwell, 
clerk; Eugene Fawcett, solicitor; D. AV. Tower, 
treasurer; John Coyan, assessor; John Gray, 

Trustees — First ward, P. G. Ballingall, 
John Shea ; second ward, R. H. AA^arden, Carey 
Inskeep; third ward, P. Brad}', J. S. Porter; 
fourth ward, R. X. Harlan, B. B. Durfee. 


AA^ L. Orr, mayor; G. F Foster, clerk; 
Eugene Fawcett, solicitor ( resigned Augxist 
19; succeeded by AA^illiam JMcXett) ; D. AA'. 

Tower, treasurer; John Coyan, assessor; T. 
J. Hall, marshal. The latter resigned Septem- 
ber 16; succeeded by John Gray. 

Trustees — First ward, P. G. Ballingall,. 
John Shea; second ward, Carey Liskeep, 
Charles F. Blake; third ward, John L. Moore, 
Pat Brady; fourth ward, W. W. Pollard, B. B. 


AA". L. Orr, mayor; G. F. Foster, clerk; J. 
B. Ennis, solicitor; D. AA^ Tower, treasurer;. 
John Coyan, assessor; John Gray, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, N. Baker, P G. 
Ballingall ; second ward, Charles F. Blake,. 
George H. Sheffer; third ward, J. L. Moore, 
Pat Brady; fourth ward, AA^ AA-^ Pollard, B. 
B. Durfee. 


AA^ L. Orr, ma3'or; W. H. Resor, clerk; 
O. M. Ladd, solicitor; D. AA-^ Tower, treas- 
urer; John Coyan, assessor; John Gray, mar- 

Trustees — First ward, N. Baker, P G. 
Ballingall ; second ward, J. J. Millard, George 
H. Sheffer; third ward, Sim Chaney, Pat 
Brady ; fourth ward, B. B. Durfee, C. C. Peters. 


AA" L. Orr, mayor; AA'. H. Gorsuch, clerk 
(resigned April 26, succeeded by W. H. Fet- 
zer) ; O. M. Ladd, solicitor (resigned Septem- 
ber 6, succeeded by Capt. AA^ H. C. Jaques) ; 
D. AA^ Tower, treasurer; Al. Vannaman, mar- 
shal ; J. F. Lewis, assessor. 



Trustees — First ward, W. B. Armstrong, 
P. G. Ballingall; second ward, J. J. Millard, 
James Hawley (resigned July 10, succeeded 
by H. L. Waterman) ; third ward, Sim Chaney ; 
John L. Moore; fourth ward, C. C. Peters, 
J. M. Lamme (resigned October 11, succeeded 
by B. J. Boulton). 


The city limits were extended this year. 

0. D. Tisdale, mayor; W. H. Fetzer, clerk; 
J. B. Ennis, solicitor; D. W. Tower, treasur- 
er; J. S. Porter, assessor; E. B. Davis, 

Trustees — First ward, W. B. Armstrong, 
P. G. Ballingall; second ward, James Hawley, 
W. D. McCue ; third ward, J. L. Moore, \Y. A. 
McGrew; fourth ward, J. M. Lamme, B. J. 


J. S. Porter, mayor; W. H. Fetzer, clerk; 
J. B. Ennis, solicitor; Wade Kirkpatrick, treas- 
urer; J. F. Lewis, assessor; E. B. Davis, mar- 
shal. The latter resigned October 19; and was 
succeeded by T. B. Trotter. 

Trustees — First ward, P. G. Ballingall, 
Kinsey Jordan; second ward,- Charles F. Blake, 
W. D. McCue; third ward, W. A. McGrew, 

1. N. Mast; fourth ward, B. J. Boulton, L. E. 


J. S. Porter, mayor; W. H. Fetzer, clerk; 
'Calvin Manning, solicitor; Wade Kirkpatrick, 

treasurer; J. L. Harman, assessor; T. B. Trot- 
ter, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, P. G. Ballingall, 
Kinsey Jordan; second ward, C. F. Blake, O. 
M. Ladd; third ward, W. A. McGrew, I. N. 
Mast ; fourth ward, C. B. Rounds, L. E. Gray. 
The latter resigned and was succeeded by Ja- 
cob Chilton. 


W. H. Resor, mayor (died January 25, 
1880; H. L. Waterman appointed February 9, 
1880) ; W. H. Fetzer, clerk; Calvin Manning, 
solicitor; Wade Kirkpatrick, treasurer; H. B. 
Jones, assessor ; J. C. Slaughter, marshal ; H. 
L. Waterman, engineer. The latter resigned 
January 19, 1880. 

Trustees — First ward, P. G. Ballingall, 
Kinsey Jordan ; second ward, O. M. Ladd, 
Charles F. Blake ; third ward, AA". A. McGrew, 
John L. Moore (the latter resigned February 
9, 1880; no appointment made) ; fourth ward, 
C. B. Rounds, AA" E. Chambers. 


H. L. AA^aterman, mayor; AA^ H. Fetzer, 
clerk; Calvin Manning, solicitor; Wade Kirk- 
patrick, treasurer; H. B. Jones, assessor; John 
Robinson, marshal ; Robert Douglass, city en- 

Trustees — First ward, Kinsey Jordan, P. 
B. Murphy; second ward. Charles F. Blake, 
O. M. Ladd; third ward, W. A. McGrew, W. 
A. Coombs (to fill vacancy) ; fourth ward, AV. 
E. Chambers, C. B. Rounds. 




(City limits extended this year.) 
H. L. Waterman, mayor; W. H. Fetzer, 
clerk; Calvin Manning, solicitor; W. W. Pol- 
lard, treasurer; J. H. Myers, assessor; John 
Robinson, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, P. B. Murphy, E. L. 
Lathrop ; second ward, O. M. Ladd, Carey Ins- 
keep; third ward, W. A. McGrew, W. A. 
Coombs ; fourth ward, C. B. Rounds, W. E. 


H. L. Waterman, mayor; W. H. Fetzer, 
clerk ; W. D. Tisdale, solicitor ; W. W. Pollard, 
treasurer; J. H. Myers, assessor; Dan Han- 
non, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, E. L. Lathrop, F. 
M. Hartman ; second ward, Carey Inskeep, Cal- 
vin Manning; third ward, W. A. Coombs, W. 
A. McGrew ; fourth ward, W. E. Chambers. 
C. B. Rounds. 


H. L. Watermati, mayor; W. H. Fetzer, 
clerk; W. D. Tisdale, solicitor; W. W. Pol- 
lard, treasurer; J. H. Myers, assessor; T. B. 
Trotter, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, F. M. Hartman, 
P G. Ballingall ; second ward, Calvin Man- 
ning, Carey Inskeep; third ward, W. A. Mc- 
Grew, L. J. Michael ; fourth ward, C. B. 
Rounds, Frank Feidler. 


G. A. Madson, mayor; W. S. Coen, clerk; 
Charles Hall, solicitor ; A. Hawkins, treasurer ; 
John Ford, assessor; T. B. Trotter, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, P. G. Ballingall, S. 
Kirkpatrick ; second ward, Carey Inskeep, Cal- 
vin Manning; third ward, L. J. Michael, W. A. 
McGrew; fourth ward, Frank Feidler, \V. F. 


G. A. Madson, mayor ; C. A. Walsh, clerk ; 
Charles Hall, solicitor; A. Hawkins, treas- 
urer; H. B. Jones, assessor; E. S. Kent, mar- 

Trustees — First ward, S. Kirkpatrick, P. 
G. Ballingall ; second ward, Calvin Manning, 
M. Kubitshek; third ward, W. A. McGrew, 
J. R. Burgess ; fotirth ward, W. F. McCarroll, 
W. H. Stevens. 

Frank Dungan, mayor; C. A. Walsh, 
clerk (resigned April 5, 1886, succeeded by 
A. Melick) ; Charles Hall, solicitor; A. Haw- 
kins, treasurer; John Ford, assessor; H. C. 
Williams, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, S. Kirkpatrick, long 
term; R. T. Shea, short term; second ward, 
M. Kubitshek, Evan Jones : third ward, J. R. 
Burgess, John C. Jordan ; fourth ward, W. H. 
Stevens, Timothy Egan ; fifth ward, N. S. Pol- 
ing, long term ; T. E. Gibbons, short term. 




H. B. Hendershott, mayor; H. D. Craw- 
ford, clerk ; W. W. Epps, solicitor ; C. T. Hart- 
man, treasurer; E. P. Hughes, assessor; H. 

C. Williams, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, S. Kirkpatrick, R. 
T. Shea; second ward, Evan Jones, C. F. 
Blake; third ward, John C. Jordan, J. R. Bur- 
gess; fourth ward, T. Egan, J. C. Hinsey; 
fifth ward ; N. S. Poling, T. E. Gibbons ; sixth 
ward, Charles Schick, long term; L. P. Rus- 
sell, short term. 


H. B. Hendershott, mayor; M. A. Roberts, 
clerk; W. W. Epps, solicitor; C. T. Hartman, 
treasurer; E. P. Hughes, assessor; Dan Han- 
non, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, R. T. Shea, Jerry. 
Van Gent ; second ward, C. F. Blake, F. W. 
Wilson; third ward, J. R. Burgess, J. T. 
Bowles ; fourth ward, J. C. Hinsey, H. P. 
Keyhoe; fifth ward, T. E. Gibbons, J. T. Bohe; 
sixth ward, Charles Schick, L. P. Russell. ' 


W. W. Epps, mayor; M. A. Roberts, clerk; 

D. H. Emery, solicitor; F. Von Schrader, 
treasurer; E. P. Hughes, assessor; Dan Han- 
non, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, Jerry Van Gent, T. 
H. Pickler ; second ward, F. W. Wilson, Will- 
iam M. Reece; third ward, J. T. Bowles, Sam- 

uel Mahon; fourth ward, H. P. Keyhoe, J. C. 
Hinsey; fifth ward, J. T. Bohe, E. E. McEl- 
roy; sixth ward, L. P. Russell, B. F. Hyatt. 


W. W, Epps, mayor; M. A. Roberts, clerk: 
D. H. Emery, solicitor; F. Von Schrader, 
treasurer; E. P. Hughes, assessor; Dan Han- 
non, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, F. M. Gortner, T. 
H. Pickler; second ward, William M. Reece, 
, E. H. Hoglund; third ward, Samuel Mahon, 
C. A. Walsh; fourth ward, H. P^ Keyhoe, J. 
C. Hinsey; fifth ward, E. E. McElroy, John 
F. Lewis ; Sixth ward, B. F. Hyatt, C. T. Mc- 


City limits extended this year. J. R. Bur- 
gess, mayor; James Conway, clerk; L. C. Hen- 
dershott, solicitor ; F. Von Schrader, treasurer ; 
S. P. Hartman, assessor; A. J. Mader, mar- 
shal ; S. H. Burton, engineer. 

Trustees — First ward, T. H. Pickler, F. 
M. Gortner ; second ward, E. Hoglund, George 
H. Sheffer; third ward, C. A. Walsh, Arthur 
Gephart; fourth ward, J. C. Hinsey, A. W. 
Buchanan; fifth ward, John F. Lewis, D. E. 
Chisman ; sixth ward, C. T. McCarroll ; P. B. 


J. R. Burgess, mayor; James Conway, 
clerk; L. C. Hendershott, solicitor; F. Von 



Schrader, treasurer; S. P. Hartman, assessor; 
H. C. Williams, marshal; S. LL Burton, engi- 

Trustees — First ward, T. H. Pickler, 
Thomas Keefe; second ward, George H. 
Shefffer, T. P. Spilman; third ward, Arthur 
Gephart, H. C. Evans; fourth ward, A. W. 
Buchanan, D. A. Emery; fifth ward, D. E. 
Chisman, H. D. Crawford; sixth ward, P. B. 
Murphy, H. L. Hedrick. 


(This year the city was organized as a city 
of the first class, and the proper officers elected 
at the March election. City limits extended 
by resolution February 6, 1893; also April 17, 


D. A. LaForce, mayor; L. M. Godley, 
auditor and clerk; W. W. Epps, solicitor; F. 
Von Schrader, treasurer; W. H. Lewis, as- 
sessor; C. R. Allen, engineer; J. B. Gephart, 
marshal; F. G. Orelup, police judge; B. W. 
Van Der Veer, chief of police. 

Aldermen-at-large — A. C. Leighton, term 
expired March, 1895 ; A. P- Peterson, term ex- 
pired March, 1894. 

A^'ard aldermen — First ward, Thomas 
Keefe, term expired March, 1895; second 
ward, George H. Sheffer, term expired MarcJi, 
1894; third ward, H. L. Waterman, term ex- 
pired March, 1894; fourth ward, A. W. Bu- 
chanan, term expired March, 1895; fifth ward, 
J. A. Ballard, term expired March, 1895 ; sixth 
ward, M. L. Kirk, term- expired March, 1894. 


D. A. LaForce, mayor; L. M. Godley, aud- 
itor and clerk; W. W. Epps, solicitor; F. Von 
Schrader, treasurer; W. H. Lewis, assesor; 
C. R. Allen, engineer; J. B. Gephart, marshal; 
F. G. Orelup, police judge; B.' W. Van Der 
Veer, chief of police. 

Aldermen-at-large — A. C. Leighton, E. H. 

Ward aldermen — First ward, T. F. Keefe; 
second ward, S. D. Baker; third ward, W. H. 
H. Asbury; fourth ward, A. W. Buchanan; 
fifth ward, J. A. Ballard; sixth ward, M. L. 


D. A. LaForce, mayor ; L. M. Godley, aud- 
itor and clerk; W. W. Epps, solicitor; S. L. 
Vest, treasurer; Charles Hall, police judge; 
C. R. Allen, engineer; C. E. Benson, assessor; 
M. Morrissey, marshal ; B. W. Van Der Veer, 
chief of police. 

Aldermen-at-large— E. H. Thomas, S. A. 

Ward aldermen — First ward, T. F. Keefe; 
second ward, S. D. Baker; third ward, W. H. 
H. Asbury; fourth ward, C. W. Major; fifth 
ward, H. D. Crawford; sixth ward, M. L. 


D. A. LaForce, mayor; L. M. Godley, aud- 
itor and clerk; W. W. Epps, solicitor; S. L. 
Vest, treasurer; C. E. Benson, assessor; C. R. 



Allen, engineer; Charles Hall, police judge; 
M. Morrissey, marshal; B. W. Van Der Veer, 
chief of police. 

Aldermen-at-large — S. A. Spilman, L. E. 

Ward aldermen — First ward, T. F. Keefe ; 
second ward, S. D. Baker; third ward, C. M. 
Myers; fourth ward, C. W. Major; fifth ward, 
H. D. Crawford (removed from the city; J. 
W. Sampson elected to fill vacancy November, 
1896) ; sixth ward, Sanford W. Withrow. 


T. J. Phillips, mayor ; W. A. Stevens, aud- 
itor and clerk; W. W. Epps, solicitor; L. E. 
Stevens, treasurer; J. T. Brady, engineer; H. 
I. McCarroll, assessor; Charles Hall, police 
judge; H. C. Williams, marshal and chief of 

Aldermen-at-large — L. E. Rogers, E. Hog- 

Ward aldermen — First ward, T. F. Keefe; 
second ward, S. D. Baker; third ward, C. M. 
Myers; fourth ward, Joseph Daniels; fifth 
ward, W. I. Peck; sixth ward, Sanford W. 


T. J. Phillips, mayor; W. A. Stevens, audi- 
tor and clerk; W. H. C. Jaques, solicitor; L. 
E. Stevens, treasurer; J. T. Brady, engineer; 
J. T. Smith, assessor; Charles Hall, police 
judge; H. C. WilHams, chief of police. 

Aldermen-at-large — T. E. Boggs, E. Hog- 

Ward aldermen — First ward, T. E. Keefe ; 
second ward, E. H. Mather; third ward, W. 
H. H. Asbury; fourth ward, B. F. Hyatt; 
fifth ward, N. Poling; sixth ward, Stephen 
Barnes ; seventh ward, J. E. Hull. 


T. H. Pickler, mayor; W. A. Lewis, audi- 
tor and clerk; W. H. C. Jaques, solicitor; 
James V. Curran, treasurer; J. T. Brady, en- 
gineer; J. T. Smith, assessor; E. G. Moon, 
police judge; John Gray, chief of police. 

Aldermen-at-large — E. Hoglund and T. E. 

Ward aldermen — First ward, T. F. Keefe; 
second ward, E. H. Mather; third ward, 
Claude M. Myers; fourth ward, B. F. Hyatt; 
fifth ward, Charles Deeds ; sixth ward, Stephen 
Barnes; seventh ward, W. W. Rankin. 

(Note: — Dr. B. F. Hyatt died in July, 
1901. He was succeeded by his son. Dr. F. 
B. Hyatt.) 


Paul C. Jeffries, Richard H. Warden, 
Stephen Osborn, John C. Fisher, Thomas J. 
Holmes, J. W. Norris, J. M. Hedrick, A. H. 
Hamilton, S. B. Evans, R. L. Tilton, J. R. 
Burgess, A. W. Lee. 



Origin and Development of Water Power and Water Works — Concise 
Statement Relating to the Enterprise. 

The origin and deveiopment of the Ot- 
tumwa Water Power and Water Works in and 
connected with tlie city of Ottumwa form an 
important, checkered and interesting chapter 
in the development and growth of the city. 

In 1876 certain surveys were made of the 
fall of water in the Des Moines River from 
Chillicothe to the point of. the present dam, in 
the western part of the city, and a number of 
Ottumwa's enterprising citizens conceived the 
idea that a valuable water power could be 
secured by building a dam and utilizing this 
power for manufacturing and other purposes. 
A corporation, entitled the Ottumwa Water 
Power Company, was organized in that year, 
and a contract to put in the dam over the Des 
Moines River in the vicinity of Turkey Island, 
and tO' construct the head and tail races and 
other necessary improvements for utilizing 
water power. The company was capitalized 
for $100,000 and the stock subscribed for by 
numerous citizens of Ottumwa. The contract 

v;as let and the work begun in 1876, and the 
work of construction was completed during 
the year 1877. The year 1876 turned out to- 
be a very rainy year. The river was fre- 
qtiently high, and from time to time great dam- 
age was done by the floods to the improve- 
ment, and it proved to be much more expen- 
sive than was figured upon. About $80,000 
\Aas collected from the stockholders and put 
into the works, but they were then in such 
condition that the company was obliged to go- 
into debt in large sums- to complete the im- 
provement and save what had already been 
expended. To this end S. L. Wiley & Com- 
pany, contractors, were employed, and from 
1877 to 1879 put in additional work upon these 
improvements to the amount of about $80,000,, 
so that when completed the plant had cost 
about $160,000; but the value and revenues 
derived from it were scarcely sufficient to pay 
for the contract work done from 1877 to 1879, 
and, as a result, the original stockholders sunk 



their entire investment of $80,000, and the 
stock of that company became worthless. 

In 1882, Mr. Wiley, to whom the old com- 
pany was largely indebted, together with a few 
associates, organized and incorporated the Ot- 
tumwa Hydraulic Power Company. The wa- 
ter power plant was conveyed to this com- 
pany and the original company disbanded. 
Its fate and destiny are almost pathetic. Well 
does the writer remember the high hopes which 
were entertained of it when die result of the 
survey of the river and the golden promises 
of an extensive water power in our midst were 
made known. When the company was or- 
ganized, and had gone through the ordinary 
stages of public meetings and much speech 
making, and importunity to subscribe, and the 
amount was finally subscribed, great enthusi- 
asm prevailed in Ottumwa. A brass band was 
called into requisition, and the promoters and 
friends of the enterprise marched through the 
streets to the joyous and exhilarating music. 
Finally, the lawyers administered upon the 
company, and for several years our dockets 
were crowded with numerous suits for and 
against the Ottumwa Water Power Company. 
The Hydraulic Power Company, in order to 
raise the money to pay what was due to the 
contractors, gave a bond and mortgage, and 
this remained until 1887, when the company 
conveyed its properties to a new company then 
organized, and which will be spoken of pres- 

In 1882 the farmers living along the river 
between the dam and for a mile or two above 
the Des Moines River bridge conceived the 

idea that their farms were greatly injured by 
water back-set from the dam and by percola- 
tion through the banks and under their soil. 
This belief and conviction, though possibly a 
mistaken one, was honestly entertained, and 
the theory was greatly sustained by a series 
of failure to crops. The company contended 
that this was not due to back-set water from' 
the dam nor to percolation, but to a series of 
wet and rainy seasons, which prevailed for 
most of the years between 1876 and 1883, and 
in support of this claim pointed to the fact that 
from the same cause the flat lands tipon the 
prairies were also unproductive, — raised more 
weeds than corn. 

Finally, 15 or 20 suits for damages were 
brought by the river-bottom farmers, aggre- 
gating in their claims perhaps $30,000 or 
$40,000. One of these suits was brought by 
O. P. Bizer in 1882 against the Hydraulic 
Power Company and the Ottumwa Water 
Power Company, which gave rise tO' one of the 
most hotly contested, interesting, lengthy and 
expensive law suits in the history of the coun- 
ty. Judge Traverse presided, assisted by a 
jury, and the trial lasted from the 22d day of 
October to the 14th day of November. Over 
a hundred witnesses were examined, prO' and 
con, and every interesting history of the Des 
Moines River, beginning wiith the flood in 
185 1 and coming down to the trial, was given 
by the various old settlers who had lived along 
the 'river. The tables of these h'igh water 
marks and the information contributed by these 
old settlers make a very interesting page in 
the history of this county and of the Des 



Moines River. The trial resulted in a verdict 
.and judgment in favor of Mr. Bizer and 
against the Hydraulic Power Company. It 
was appealed tO' the Supreme Court, and in 
1886, in October, that court reversed the judg- 
ment of the court below and sent the case back 
for a new trial. However, a law point made 
in the decision was so dangerous to the plain- 
tiffs that the cases were abandoned and dis- 
missed. Dry seasons then set in, and after 
.a year or two these lands all got back to their 
original fertility, and after a time thus demon- 
strated that the theory, honestly entertained 
by the farmers, was a mistaken one, and that 
the dam had done their farms nO' injury. The 
expense of these litigations and the lack of 
revenues, together with the- expense of- keep- 
ing the property up, deprived the Hydraulic 
Power Company of the prosperity for which 
it- had hoped, and, after mortgaging the plant, 
it finally deeded the same in 1887 to a new 
•company. This traces, in brief, the historj^ 
•of the)- water power improvement enterprise 
from its beginning in 1876 to 1887. 

The movements which resulted in the build- 
ing of water works to supply the city and its 
citizens with water was inaugurated in 1877. 
In August of that year the city council granted 
to S. L. Wiley & Company a -charter -or fran- 
chise to build a system of water works within 
the city. This franchise was to- extend for 
twenty-five years, and will, consequently, ex- 
pire in -September, 1902. This is the fran- 
chise under which the water works have ever 
since been operated. In the same year a cor- 
poration was organized by Mr. Wiley, named 

the Ottumwa Water Works, and this franchise 
was transferred to that company by the concur- 
rence and consent of the city council. The 
construction of the water works was soon en- 
tered upon; though the time fixed for com- 
pletion was January, 1879, yet from ■ various 
causes the time was extended to July, 1880, for 
final completion, though the works had been 
used to some extent prior. Since their origi- 
nal construction the works have been extended 
from time to time until they now embrace 
about 24 miles of main pipe, and furnish for 
consumption about 60,000,000 gallons of water 
per month. The works were largely con- 
structed with borrowed capital, and in 1887 
this company then had a mortgage on its plant 
of about $120,000. In that year a new cor- 
poration was formed under the name and style 
of the Iowa Water Company, with an author- 
ized capital of $750,000. It purchased the 
plant of the Hydraulic Power Company and 
of the Ottumwa Water AVorks and assumed 
the mortgages upon both. It then gave upon 
these combined plants a mortgage securing 
$400,000 of bonds. Of these bonds $100,000 
were paid tO' retire a like amount of H3fdraulic 
Power Company bonds, $120,000 to take up 
that quantity of bonds of the Ottumwa Water 
Works Company, and $130,000 to pay the 
floating debts. This left $50,000 in the treas- 
ury, which was subsequently expended in the 
improvement of the plant. 

It will thus be seen that at the time the 
Iowa Water Company was formed, in 1887, 
and took these two properties, they had cost 
about $500,000. 



In 1890 and 1891, in obedience to the de- 
mand of the city and, particularly, of the peo- 
ple of South Ottumwa, it expended about $60,- 
000 in new improvements, and then for the 
first time the water mains were taken over to 
South Ottumwa. These improvements re- 
sulted in adding about eight and a half miles 
of new mains. 

The Iowa Water Company defaulted on 
the interest of its bonds in April, 1894, and 
foreclosure was begun in the United States 
Court at Keokuk in July of that year. Pend- 
ing the foreclosure, and at the urgent solicita- 
tion of the city of Ottumwa, the court ordered 
the recei\'er to construct a Jewell filter plant, 
at a cost of about $21,000, and provided for 
the means through the sale of receiver certifi- 
cates, which were made a lien upon the prop- 
erty ahead of all the mortgage bonds. In 
February, 1897, a general decree of foreclos- 
ure was rendered and the property sold to a 
bondholders' committee in July of that year. 
A new corporation was formed under the name 
of the City Water Supply Company, and the 
properties were conveyed to this company in 
September, 1897, and since that time have been 
owned and operated by the last named com- 
pany. Since the foreclosure suit was begun in 
1894 there have been expended, in permanent 
improvements upon the water works and water 
power plants, including the filter, about $75,- 
000. The City Water Supply Company put 
two mortgages upon the plants, one for $150,- 
000, to provide for certain outstanding bonds 
of the old Ottumwa Water Power Company, 
which were not exchanged for a like quantity 

of $400,000 series; and improvement then, 
made and to be made, including expenses of 
foreclosure". It also executed, subject to this 
mortgage, another called an income mortgage, 
to secure the old bondholders the amount found 
due under foreclosure of the old mortgage and 
to be accepted in lieu thereof, — this mortgage 
being for $325,000. Upon the first mort- 
gage, above mentioned, the interest has been 
paid. None has been paid upon the second 
because the net earnings have been insufficient 
for that purpose and also' because a certain 
portion thereof has been set aside for contem- 
plated improvements. 

The gross annual earnings of the property 
are about $32,000. For the past two or three 
years differences have arisen between the water 
company and the city authorities in respect to 
the cjuantity and cpiality of the water being 
furnished, the pressure, etc., and finally the- 
city authorities concluded to take steps to com- 
mit the city to build and own a water plant of 
its own. Looking to this purpose and end, 
ordinances were passed, and on the 30th day 
of March, 1901, a provisional contract, sub- 
ject to the ratification of the voters of the cit}-, 
was entered into with the Fruin-Bambrick 
Construction Company, of St. Li.uis, Alis- 
souri, to construct a system of water works for 
the city to cost about .$400,000, the arrange- 
ment being to issue bonds i;r obligations of 
the city to the amount of $400,000, sell the 
same, and with the proceeds of the sale to pay- 
the contractors for constructing the works. 
After this was entered into a proclamation 
was issued for an election to be held on Alay 



6, 1901, for the purpose of approving said con- 

At this juncture the City Water Supply 
Company filed its bill in chancery in the United 
States Circuit Court, for the Southern Dis- 
trict of Iowa, asking that court to restrain the 
city from holding the election, or from issuing 
any bonds, or from carrying out said contract. 
A temporary restraining order to prevent the 
election was made, and May 31 fixed for hear- 
ing at Council Bluffs as to whether the court 
vi'^ouM g'rant a temporary injunction. This 
matter was argued at Council Bluffs and taken 
under advisement. 

On July 30, 1 90 1, the court filed its opin- 
ion, and with it an order enjoining the city 
from carrying out the contract, or from issuing' 
any bonds, upon the ground that tO' do so 

would violate that provision in the constitu- 
tion of Iowa limiting the right of cities to be- 
come indebted in an amount exceeding five per 
cent on the value of taxable property at the 
last assessment. The court declined to en- 
join the city from holding an election. A 
proclamation has since been issued to hold an 
election on the 7th day of September, 1901, 
and the city has taken steps to appeal from 
the decision of the court. The result of the 
election was in favor of approving the con- 

Such, in brief, is the history of the com- 
panies which have constructed and carried on 
the water power and water works improve- 
ments, beginning in 1876, and such is the status 
of the water works matter in the City of Ot- 
tumwa at the time this volume goes to press : 



The Great Coal Palace Advertising Ottumwa as the Center of a Vast Coal Region 
— Visited by the President and Other Distinguished Men of the Republic — 
' Its Success Financially and Otherwise — List of Shareholders. 

Ottumwa is situated so as to command the 
distribution of a vast tonnage of coal ; it is the 
headquarters of the great White Breast Com- 
pany and of various other corporations that 
furnish cOal to the muUitude. During the two 
3-ears ending June 30, 1900, the output of coal 
in the territory in the vicinity of Ottumwa 
and tributary to this city was 6,230,750 tons. 
The prices of coal are as follows : Lump, 
$2.50 per ton; mine run, $1.25; steam, $1.00. 
These prices are low as compared to those in 
other cities, and afford manufacturers cheari 
fuel, which is a most important item for the 
factory as well as for the ordinary consumer. 
In conseciuence of this and other natural ad- 
vantages presented, Ottumwa is becoming a 
factory town, giving employment to a large 
number of operatives. The products of the 
factories are steam hoisting machines for 
mines, steam engines, boilers and all kinds of 
iron and steel work, material for bridges, agri- 

cultural implements, etc. The Morrell Pack- 
ing House employs 1,000 men and ships its 
products all over the United States and to 
many parts of Europe. These industries are 
in a thriving condition, growing in importance 
year by year and increasing" their business. 

The coal interests of this and- adjacent 
counties and the vast deposits that were known 
to exist prompted the far-seeing business men 
of Ottumwa, in 1890, to advertise facts to the 
world, which they did in this manner : They 
secured by subscriptions from Ottumwa peo- 
ple a sum amounting to over twenty thousand 
dollars, with which they built a palace of coal. 
This does not imply that the structure was 
made of such a frail building material as bi- 
tuminous coal, but the product was used in a 
judicious and artistic manner, so that coal 
seemed to be the predominating feature. It 
was built on the ground immediately north and 
west of the Union Depot, the property then of 



Col. P. G. Ballingall, and at last the palace was 
i"eady for the opening. The dimensions of 
the palace were as follows: 230 by 130 feet, 
two stories in height, with a tower 200 feet 
in height. The stories above , ground) were 
used for exhibits of various products, agri- 
cultural and mechanical. There was a mu- 
seum attached that was of great interest. In 
the basement of the structure there was the 
representation of a coal mine, which was cjuite 
realistic. The palace was opened to the pub- 
lic September 16, 1890, and was not closed 
until October 1 1 of the same year. Multi- 
tudes of people from Southern Iowa were 
present at the opening, and nearly every day 
thereafter the palace was crowded. There 
were days especially set apart for counties in 
Southern Iowa, as for example : There was 
Van Buren County Day, Jefferson County 
Day, Monroe County Day, Davis County Day, 
Lucas County Day, and so on until each county 
manifesting an interest had its special day and' 
special programme. 

Calvin Manning generally acted as man- 
ager, and made the anriouncements in a sonor- 
ous voice that reached to ever_\' part of the 
building. The Ottumwa Coal Palace Com- 
pany was incorporated with the following- 
named gentlemen as incorporators : P. G. 
Ballingall, Charles F Blake, AV. T. Harper, 
J. W. Garner, A. G. Harrow, R. H. Moore, 
AV. R. Daum, J. C. Manchester, Henry Phil- 
lips, A. A\' Johnson, Calvin Manning, AA^ B. 
Bonnifield, John C. Jordan, Samuel Mahon, 
F. AV. Simmons, J. AA'. Edgerly, John S. AVolf, 
A. H. Hamilton, George Riley, A. AV. Lee, 

J. G. Meek, V\^. B. Smith, Samuel A. Flagler, 
A. C. Leighton, J. E. Hawkins, AV. T. Fen- 
ton, Frank Fiedler and Thomas D. Foster. 
The articles provided that the company should 
begin business on the first Monday in April, 
1890, and should endure twenty years from 
said date. 

The following were the officers and direc- 
tors of the Coal Palace Company : 

P. G. Ballingall, president; Samuel A. 
Flagler, vice-president; Calvin Manning, sec- 
retary; AV. T. Fenton, treasurer. 


J. AA'. Garner, J. E. Hawkins, George 
AA'ithall, J. G. Meek, Henry Phillips, AV T. 
Harper, Dr. AA' B. Smith, A. AA'. Johnson, 
J. C. Manchester. 

A list of the various committees, with theiit 
personnel, follows : 

Executive — Henry Phillips, George AA'ith- 
all, J. AV. Garner. 

E.rhibits~Sa.nmd A. Flagler, C. O. Tay- 
lor, F. Von Schrader, H. C. Nosier, F. AV,- 

Finance — J. G. :Meek, A. AA^ Johnson, J. 
E. Hawkins. 

Decorations — J. AA' Garner, AA'. T. Har- 
per, George AVithall. 

Building — George AVithall, Henry Phil- 
lips, Dr. AV. B. Smith. 

Privileges — A. AA^ Johnson, J. AA' Garner, 
J. G. Meek. 

Printing — J. C. Manchester, Dr. AA^ B, 
Smith, A. AV. Johnson. 



Eiitcrtaininciit — Dr. W. B. Smirh, J. C. 
Manchester, Henry Phillips. 

Reception — W. T. Harper, J. E. Hawkins, 
J. C. Manchester. 

Police— J. E. Hawkins, J. G. Meek, W. T. 

Coininittcc on Counties — Marion county, 
Samuel A. Flagler; Monroe county, W. T. 
Fenton ; Appanoose county, J. E. Flawkins ; 
Davis county, J. W. Garner; Mahaska county, 
P. G. Ballingall and Cahin Manning; Keo- 
kuk county, Henry Phillips ; Lucas county, J. 
G. Meek, F. W. Simmons and \A'. T. Harper; 
Jefferson county, A. \Y. Johnson and J. C. 
Manchester; Van Buren county, Calvin ]\Ian- 

Many distinguished men of the nation were 
brought here as guests and speakers during 
the exhibition. Judge George G. Wright 
spoke on September i8. Governor Boies was 
present October 9, and met President Benja- 
min Harrison ; the Governor and the President 
each addressed the vast assemblage. This 
was the big day of the exhibition. Visitors 
were present from all parts of the state. Wa- 
pello County Da)' was conspicuous in the cal- 
endar; on that occasion 1,000 school children 
were in line. The fraternal organizations had 
a day set apart, as did also the traveling men. 

The exhibition of the first year was not 
only successful in drawing large numbers of 
visitors and gratifying them with the enter- 
tainments that were offered, but it was a busi- 
ness success and paid dividends to the stock- 
holders, but nearly all these profits were do- 
nated for the next year's exhibition, held in 

1 89 1. Calvin Manning was made president 
of the association, H. S. Kneedler, secretary, 
and J. G. Meek, treasurer. Carter Harrison, 
the elder, made the opening address on Sep- 
tember 15; Gen. Russell A. Alger was here 
on the 17th; William McKinley addressed an 
immense assemblage on September 23, — in 
company with McKinley were Senators James 
F. Wilson and Allison, John FI. Gear, Con- 
gressman Lacey and other distinguished men. 
The \'ast crowds could not all be seated in the 
palace and Mr, ]\IcKinley spoke in the open 
air from a stand erected at the corner of Court 
and Third streets, near the public "park," or 
court-house lawn. -- 


The following is as complete a transcript 
of the list of shareholders in the coal palace 
company as is available. The author adver- 
tised and requested all who contributed to re- 
port their names, and the list that appears be- 
low was all that could be found in the records, 
and the result is believed to cover about all that 
can be found. The names of all that can be 
found are printed; from those who gave hun- 
dreds to the poor man who took one share. 
All these are entitled to honor. The value of 
each share was $5.00. These are the men 
and women who made the coal palace possible : 

T. D. Foster.. $1,000 00 

P. G. Ballingall 700 00 

J. C. Manchester 500 00 



W. B. Bonnifield 

Ottumwa Iron ^Vorks 

Phillips Coal Company 

Samuel Mahon & Merrill 

J. W. Edgerly & Co 

Charles F. Blake 

J. W. Garner 

Estate of Isabella Lilburn 

Ottymwa R'y, Electric & Steam Co . 
A. C. Leighton 

Charles O. Taylor 

Dr. W. B. Smith 

Ottmnwa Gas Company. . . . 
W. F. McCarroll & Son. . . . 

O. M. Ladd 

F. W. Simmons 

J. B. Sax 

Globe Tea Compan}' 

W A. Jordan & Sons 

Harper, Chambers & Co ... . 
Ottumwa Supply Company. 

S. M. StanclifT 

E. K. Shelton 

Calvin Manning 

John S. AVolf 

Martin Hardsocg 

Claude Myers 

Sam Stern 

S. H. Harper 

W. T. Harper 

Arthur Gephart 

R. H. Moore 

J. G. Meek 

A. D. Moss 

J. Prugh & Co 

S. C. Cullen & Company. . . . 

500 00 
500 00 
500 oci 
500 00 
500 00 
500 GO 
500 00 
500 00 
500 00 
500 00 
300 00 
300 00 
250 GO 
200 GO 


2 GO GO 

200 GO 


200 GO 

200 GO 

200 GO 

200 OC 

2GG 00 
20G GO 
150 GO 
150 GO 
150 OC 
150 OC 
I GO 00 
100 GO 
lOG 00 
100 GO 
100 GO 

Dial & Foland 

Charles Bachman 

J. A. Phillips 

F. S. Worcester 

C. Sax & Son 

J. P. Anderson 

Fred Swenson 

Moore, Ogden & Company. 

W. H. Cooper 

Lowenberg Brothers 

A. H. Hamilton 

Riley & Jones 

Loton E. Gray 

Jones & Buchanan . 

W S. Cripps & Brother. . 

Rosen & Brother 

Chris. Miller 

D. F. Morey 

Samuel A. Flagler 

Ira Phillips . . 

George W Thomas 

W. A. Carnes 

Henry J. Phillips 

D. D. Calhoon 

William Steller 

E. Talbert., 

M. V. Pratt 

Gottlieb Beck 

Mrs. C. L. Graham 

P. H. Riordan 

Baker Brothers 

C. W Sargent 

Poe Underwood 

S. T. Carter 

Thomas Swords 

T. P. Spilman 

100 GO 
100 GO 
100 00 


100 00 

100 GG 
I GO 00 
100 00 
100 OG 

100 OC 


100 od 

100 00 
IGG 00 
100 OC 

IGG or 
100 OC 






75 00 
75 00 
75 OG 

65 GG 
60 GO 

6g 00 



J. G. Hutchison 

W. R. Daum 

J. A. Mangan 

Thrall & Gephart 

Sam Stern 

W. S. Christie 

J. T. McCune 

Pallister Brothers 

J. W. Miller 

John W. Gray 

H. C. Peters 

J. J. Bowles 

B. Allmeyer & Company . 
Forbes & Scheying. . . . 

J. R. Burgess 

\X. H. Boston 

H. M. Cockerill 

Z. A. Frasier 

William Paul 

A. Silberman 

AV B. Wycoff 

L. T. Briggs 

Ira A. Myers 

W. Owens 

R. N. Morrell 

N. Glew 

John Connell 

J. P. AVing 

James R. Asher 

W. G. Ball 

J. E. Hawkins 

Harlan & Company 

Robert James 

C. R. Gipe 

Ed Nash 

O. E. Stewart 

SO oo 
SO oc. 
SO oa 
SO oo 
50 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 00 

50 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 OJ 
50 00 
SO 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 00 
50 oo 

50 00 

35 oo 
30 00 
30 00 
30 00 
30 00 
30 00 

Mrs. Calvin Manning 25 00 

J. L. Harmon ,25 00 

Dr. J. Williamson 25 00 

C. L. Walker 2S 00 

W. D. Tisdale 25 00 

L. S. De Veney 2S 00 

D. A. La Force 25 00 

Charles Riefsnyder 25 00 

Joseph Sloan 2S 00 

W. B. Armstrong 2S 00 

C. E. Boude 2S 00 

S. B. Evans 2s 00 

I. N. Mast 25 00 

W H. H. Asbury 2^ 00 

William Ridout 2S 00 

Gwin & Mc 2S 00 

A. P Anderson 25 oc 

Frank Cummings 2 t 00 

Dungan & Culbertson 25 00 

J. W. Calhoun 25 00 

J. M. Gibbs 25 00 

Tierney & Hammond 2S 00 

J. C. Ransun 2=; 00 

P. Dayton 25 00 

P. C. Biddison 25 00 

G. N. Graves 2S 00 

O. D. Wray 25 00 

T. E. Muir 25 00 

Daniel Rosecrans 25 00 

John H. White 2S 00 

Charles R. Davis . . . 25 00 

J. J. Smith 2S oc 

Samuel Loeb 25 00 

W. H. Stevens 25 00 

G. H. Sheffer 25 00 

Joseph Loomis 2s 00 



Kiser & Pierson 25 oo 

Henry Throne 25 00 

F. W. Grube. . 25 00 

James Daly 25 00 

H. Snyder 25 00 

F. Geiss 25 00 

John Mytton 25 00 

G. L. Blundell 25 00 

John Berkes 25 00 

J. Conway 25 00 

J. Wishart . . 25 00 

A. Clifton 25 oc 

J. Kreutzbender 25 00 

Annie S. Mytton 25 oc 

p. Golfer 25 00 

John VV. Scott 25 00 

Francis Ward 25 00 

Joseph Frey 25 00 

C. T. Hartman 25 00 

R. B. Teter 25 00 

S. T. Hartman 25 00 

William RIcNett 25 00 

G. A. Madson 25 00 

L. E. Rogers 25 00 

R. L. Tilton 25 00 

\V. A. Work. 25 00 

Dr. Armstrong 25 00 

J. A. Frey 25 00 

B. F -Hyatt 25 00 

George B. Simmons 20 00 

Mike Kirby 20 00 

Carl Harlan 20 00 

Ed. Arnold 20 00 

E. J. Smith 20 00 

R. B. Dowden 20 00 

T. E. Gibons 20 00 

Coen & Siberell 

J. T. Staats 

W. F. Meyers 

Will T. Carper 

J. G. Howard, C. T. L. Company . . 

George C. Nash 

O. E. McNair 

J. B. McCarrol 

William Fiedler 

F. B. Clark 

C. R. Anderson . 

Clara Thomas ... 

Nettie & Elsie Thomas (Per G. 

W. T.) 

James Cronin 

W. P. Liston 

S. L. Shepherd 

C. Owens ; . . . 

W. B. Smith 

W. R. McLityre 

H. H. Coughlan •. . . . 

T. M. Swanson 

Charles C. Doty ..... 

Philip Duffy 

N. J. Potter 

J. W. Cleavinger 

H. B. Summers . 

H. H. Rosseau 

Victor Johnson 

Alex. Skogerson 

John Erland 

J. Xusbaum 

Leonard Johnson 

AVilliam Wells 

H. L. Patrick. 

J. S. McCleland & Company 

20 00 

15 00 

15 oa 

15 00 

15 00 

15 00 

IS 00 

15 00 

15 00 

15 00 

IS 00 

15 00 

15 00 
15 00 
15 00 
15 00 
15 00 
15 00 
15 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 oo>' 



R. L. Morgan 

Eaii F. Walker 

James Dyson 

John Brambeck. . . 

B. Bissell 

E. Huffman 

John Morris 

W. O'Malley 

W. L. Blundell .... 

W. Strohauer 

G. Boyer 

C. H. Owens . 

E. Harris 

James Trenneman. 

P. Husted 

M. Mclnernv 
John Glanville. . 
Charles Shultz . 
A. J. Larche 

A. Brown . 

J. E. Hall 

J. Casidy .'.... 

P. Kearns 

T. J. Kelley 

B. Brier 

J. McDonald 

C. Horn 

A. T. Gardner. . . . 

T. E. CuUen 

J. Hopkins 

R. L. Chamberlain. 

R. T. Keefe 

W. W. Shepherd . . . 

F. J. Bullock 

John Durkin 

George Mitchell . . . . 

lo oo 
lo or. 
lo oo 
ID oo 
ID oo 

ID oo 

lo oo 
10 oo 

lO 00 

lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
10 oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 

ID oo 

J. M. Spilman. . . 
M. Kairns, Jr., . . . 

W. Ewing 

P. Muldoon 

F. Smith . 

W. J. Sinnamon . 

\V. Parkinson 

E. B. Davis .... 

F. Schafer 

H. Hamilton .... 
T. D. Lee . . 
George Tweedel 
Joseph Kitchen . . 
T. H. Spilman ... 
H Cutter . . . 
J. Kirb}' , 
C. Hogewoning 

G. W A\^ellman . . 
Z. Zimmerman . . . . 
P. Henneberry 
Mrs. C. A. Carter. 

B. AV Scott 

E. N. Thomas. 

J. A. Ballard. 
A. B. Williams . . . 
W. O. Hand 
J. Amelang .... 

E. E. Ehis 

J. W. Simpson . . . . 

J. Beever 

W. H. C. Jaques . . 
W L. Orr.. .. 
H. W. Roberts... 
S. A. Spilman . . . . 
A. O. Williams. 

C. A. Walsh 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

10 oo 

lo oo 

10 oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

10 oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 

lo oo 



S. E. Adler lo oo 

E. L. Burton lo oo 

T. J. Boltz lo oo 

E. & R. Chambers lo oo 

B. E. S. Ely ID oo 

Charles Hall lo oo 

G. E. Howard 5 oo 

M. S. Bush 5 oo 

W H. Prescott 5 oo 

John Sheehan 5 00 

Ed Lowenberg 5 00 

C. G. Keyhoe S 00 

J. C. McCormick 5 00 

Elmer Peck 5 00 

C. S. Tindell 5 00 

E. W. & C. L. Fowler 5 00 

E. S. Smith 5 00 

Morris Feltheimer 5 00 

V. Warren Baker 5 00 

Clifford J. Baker 5 00 

C. Rockefeller 5 00 

Rossar Davis 5 00 

William C. Williams 5 00 

Richard Price 5 00 

J. A. Murphy 5 00 

C. B. Fossett 5 00 

John Mier 5 00 

Matt Meyer 5 00 

J. J. Evans 5 00 

Robert Wilson 5 oo 

Mathew Johns 5 00 

Newell Parsan 5 00 

John Loring 5 00 

James Powell 5 oo 

G. W. McCullough 5 00 

W. Moffitt 5 00 

W. Robinson. . . . 

J. Van Beek 

G. M. Jennings . . 

John Breaky 

G. Schworm 

H. Geissel 

W. Hogewoning. . 

A. Seaburg 

J. B. Rayner. . . . 
C. W. Knight.... 

P. Phillips 

John Browner. . . . 

P. Murphy 

W. Harris 

W. Barkley. . 

V. Kraf ta 

William Kline. . . 
W. Schworm . . . . 
H. D. Lockwood. 
C. H. Johnston . . . 
M. G. Garland... 

J. Anderson 

H. Glew 

James Kearns . . . , 

E. Rabens 

J. Kreutzbender . . 
G. Applegate. . . . 

F. Underwood . . . 
J. H. Schneider . . 

J. Simons 

E. Copeland 

A. Weimer 

Otto Wurmbach . . 
C. McKinney . . . . 

J. Weimer 

H. List 










































































W. Leonard 

S. L. Fairly 

C. C. Powell 

L. Finley 

J. H. Finley 

M. Coleman 

E. Seifert 

M. Hinsey 

I. Hp.tfield 

A. Melick 

M. Williams 

F. Griffith 

J. AV. Bothwell 

B. B. Lottridge 

N. Swenson & C. H. Johnson . 

B. F. Berry 

W. T. Tappen 

5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 




VV. M. Carroll 5 00 

I. N. Rogers 5 00 

W. H. Holmes 5 00 

W. Amelang 5 00 

George Phillips . .^ 5 00 

H. Wagner 5 oq 

G. Pomeroy 5 00 

D. L. Lane 5 00 

S. L. Berry 5 00 

J. J. Baker 5 00 

H. E. Peck 5 00 

D. E. Chisman 5 00 

J. D. Callaway 5 00 

Mrs. M. La Point 5 00 

J. W. Soule 5 00 

J. F. Blake 5 00 



Names of' Different Persons who Have Held Office in the County From the 
Beginning until the Year 1901 — Population of the County by Townships, and 
Also by Towns. ' 

official roster of the county. 

County Coinniissioncrs. — L. E. Temple, J. 
M. Montgomery and C. T. Harrow were the 
original commissioners, elected in 1844. Dr. 
Warden thinks that the first commissioners 
served but one year. If that is so, then there 
is a missing name in this list, for the first full 
board discovered is in 1847, when Henry 
Smith, Charles Dudley and James B. Wright 
served. We are inclined to believe that one of 
these gentlemen — probably Smith — was chosen 
in 1845; James B. Wright, in 1844, and 
Charles Dudley, in 1847. Perhaps Mr. Dud- 
ley was elected first in 1845, as the retirement of 
Mr. Gray would create a vacancy. If that 
supposition is correct, Mr. Dudley was re-elect- 
ed in 1848. In 1847 the board consisted of 
Smith, Wright and Dudley; and in 1848, of 
Wright, Dudley and Bell; in 1849, Samuel 
Gilliland was elected; and in 1850, Gideon 

On the authority of a paper published in 

the "Annals of Iowa," April, 1868, by G. D. 
R. Boyd, we state that the second board of 
county commissioners, chosen at the first reg- 
ular election, in August, 1844, was composed 
of John C. Evans, James B. Wright and John 
B. Gray. 

The election of the first or organizing board 
was held in April, 1844. The regular election 
took place always in August in those early 
years. The original officers, except coinniis- 
sioncrs, were re-elected at the first August 
election in 1844. 

Coinniissioncrs' Clerk. — This office was dis- 
tinct from that of clerk of the district court. 
The first incumbent, 1844, was Charles Over- 
man. In 1848 A. J. Redenbaugh was chosen, 
and held the office until the system was abol- 

County Judge. — In 1851-55 Silas Osborn 
was elected; in 1857, Joseph H. Flint. Judge 
Flint was legislated out of office in 1861, when 
the board of supervisors came into power. 

Supervisors. — Under the system of 1861 





the following men were elected : AVilliam Cloyd, 
Thomas Bedwell, George Gillaspy, G. F. 
Myers, A. Major, J. C. Hinsey, William 
Knight, Silas Osborn, W. C. Mclntire, L. 
Rose, George Neville, Aaron Harlan, Moses 
C. Israel, Peter Knox. 

1862 — Thomas Bedwell, William Cloyd, 
Martin Dickens, J. C. Hinsey, Peter Knox, 
William Knight, G. F Myers, George Neville, 
Silas Osborn, L. Rose, J. Y. Simpson, G. \X. 
Draper, M. C. Israel, Moses Fairburn. 

1863— A. H. Butin, C. S. Carwile, Martin 
Dickens, Thomas Bedwell, George Neville, 
Silas Osborn, William Cloyd, J. C. Hinsey, 
Peter Knox, L. A. Myers, H. Reinhard, G. W 
Dresser, W. C. Mclntire, J. Y. Simpson. 

1864— S. Packwood, P. AI. AA'arder, J: W. 
Hedrick, S. A. Monroe, G. Temple, L. A. 
Myers, William Cloyd, J. Y. Simpson, C. S. 
Carwile, H. Reinhard, Silas Osborn, A. H. 
Butin, George Neville, M. AVelch. 

1865— James M. Hull, George Neville, 
Henry Reinhard, E. C. Myers, D. R. Swope, 
P. M. Warder, L. A. Myers, J. W. Hedrick, 
Silas Osborn, S. A. Monroe, William Cloyd, 
W. H. Dunlap, J. R. Kerfoot, George F. 

1866 — George Temple, Silas Osborn, J. W. 
Hedrick, Joseph Myers, Isaac AV Stanley, 'N. 
Williams, John H. Carver, E. T. Neville, 
Charles Barbour, M. L. Godley, George F. 
Myers, S. A. Monroe, Henry Reinhard, AVill- 
iam Cloyd. 

1867— J. W. Hedrick, George Temple, J. 
H. Carver, William Cloyd, Charles Barbour, 
John Harlan, William Evans, M. L. Godley, 

John Wilcox, Edward Neville, Joseph Myers, 
S. A. Monroe, Henry Reinhard, A. H. Butin. 
1868— J. AA^ Hedrick, J. D. Ladd, A. Lot- 
speich, J. H. Carver, E. L. Randel, Charles 
Barbour, Henry Reinhard, John Molumuby, 
E. T. Neville, Moses C. Israel, AA'illiam Cloyd, 
A. H. Butin, William Evans, R. AA^ Boyd, 
John Harlan. 

1869 — A. Lotspeich, AVilliam Cloyd, 
Charles Barbour, John Harlan, Henry Rein- 
hard, John Molumuby, John Carver, E. L. 
Randel, R. Hyatt, James D. Ladd, R. AV. Boyd, 
A\'. H. Kitterman, AA'illiam Evans, E. T. 
Neville, Moses C. Israel. 

1870— O. D. Tisdale, AVilliam Cloyd, AA' 
C. Reynolds, R. Hyatt, G. A. Derby, G. AV. 
Dickins, R. AA\ Boyd, AA". H, Kitterman, Will- 
iam Evans, S. A. Monroe, E. T. Neville, John 
Harlan, T. Slutz, T. Poster. 

1 87 1 — System changed to board of three 
members — H. Canfield, Henry Reinhard, T. J. 

1872 — H. Canfield, Henry Reinhard, T. J. 

1873— Henry Reinhard, D. H. Michael, T. 
J. Nelson. 

1874— S. McCullough, D. H. Michael, T. 
J. Nelson. 

1875— D. H. Michael, S. McCullough, S. 
M. Wright. 

1876— S. McCullough, S. M. Wright, D. 
H. Michael. 

1877— S. M. AVright, D. H. Michael, John 

1878— John Postlewaite, G. W. Fair, D. L. 
Hardy, — the latter to fill vacancy. 



1879 — Johii Postlewaite,G.W. Fair, Henry 

1880— G. W. Fair, Henry Reinhard, C. C. 

1 88 1 — Henry Reinhard, C. C. Warden, 
Mathew Henry. 

1882 — C. C. Warden, Mathew Henry, 
Page White. 

1883— Mathew Henry, Page White, W. E. 

1884— Page White, W. E. Jones, Frank 

1885 — W E. Jones, Frank Warder, Curtis 

1886 — Frank Warder, Curtis Chisman, J. 
B. Mowery. 

1887 — Curtis Chisman, J. B. Mowery, E. 
M. Whetsel. 

1888— J. B. Mowery, E. M. Whetsel, David 

1889— E;" M. Whetsel, David Jay. J. B. 

1890 — David Jay, J. B. Mowery, J. C. 

1 89 1— J. B. Mowery, J. C. Ives, J. F. 
Baum and O. P. Bizer. 

1892— J. C. Ives, J. F Baum, O. P. Bizer. 

1893 — J- F- Baum, O. P. Bizer, Norman 

1894 — O. P. Bizer, Norman Reno, Samuel 

1895 — Norman Reno, Samuel Johnson, M. 
L. Kirk. 

1896— Samuel Johnson, M. L. Kirk, J. M. 

1897— AI. L. Kirk, J. M. Elder, Samuel 

1898— J. M. Elder, Samuel Johnson, H. B. 

1899 — Samuel Johnson, H. B. Wagers, J. 
M. Elder. 

1900— H. B. Wagers. J. M. Elder, J. H. R. 

1 90 1 — J. M. Elder, J. H. R. Spilman, John 

Sheriff — 1847, Joseph Hayne; 1849, Duane 
F. Gaylord; 1853, D. H. Michael; 1855, AVill- 
iam H. Williams; 1857, William Lewis, Jr.; 
1859, L. E. Gray — A. M. Bonnifield served 
during a portion of the last term for which 
Mr. Gray was elected, owing to Mr. Gray's 
resignation; 1865, George A. Derby; 1867, 
Thomas Bedwell; 1869, Samuel A. Swiggett; 
1873, T. P. Spillman; 1877, D. AV. Stewart; 
i88o, Sim. Chaney; 1884, J. W AA'orkman; 
1888, L. J. Michael; 1890, J. W. Mclntire; 
1894, Thomas Stodghill; 1898, B. F. Slutts. 

Treasurer and Collector — 1844, Thomas 
Foster; 1845, Charles Overman; 1846, AA^ill- 
iam G. Ross; 1847, Joseph Leigh ton; 1851, 
James Pumroy; 1855, Peter Knox; 1857, A¥ill- 
iam J. Ross; 1862, Joseph Hayne; 1867, Will- 
iam J. Ross; 1869, Alfred Lotspeich; 1873, 
WiUiam H. H. Asbury; 1877, AA^ I. Poag; 
1880, AA^ A. Nye; 1884, George Bane; 1890, 
I. D. Mowery; 1894, AA^ R. Warren; 1898, 
John H. Spry. 

Recorder — 1844, M. J. Spurlock; 1845, 
Charles Overman ; i846,AVilliam J. Ross; 1847, 
Joseph Leighton; 1851, James Pumroy; 1855, 



Peter Knox; 1857, William J. Ross; 1862, Jo- 
seph Hayne; 1866, Daniel W. Tower; 1872, 
Wade Kirkpatrick; 1881, John Harness; 1885, 
James Houdyshell; 1891, J. M. Kussart; 1893, 
H. L. Hedrick; 1894, W. S. Parks; 1897, C. 
T. Porter; 1901, George H. Smith. 

Until 1866 this office was connected with 
that of treasurer and collector. 

Judge of Probate — 1844, Paul C. Jeffries; 
1846, G. B. Savery (this judge could have held 
office but a short time, for in 1846 we find that 
James Weir was also judge) ; 1848, James 
Baker; 1849, D. M. C. Lane; 1850, George 
May. After 1851 this office was known as a 
part of the county judge system, a plan which 
obtained after the abolishment of the busi- 
ness office of county judge in 1861, and until 
the establishment of the circuit court, in 1869, 
when the probate business passed under the 
jurisdiction of the circuit judge. After Silas 
Osborn and Joseph H. Flint, in 1865, came 
S. Porter, until 1869. 

Auditor — 1869, office created, George D. 
Hackworth; 1873, William H. Caldwell; 1875, 
M. B. Myers; 1880, M. L. Godley; 1882, E. 
Washburn; 1888, H. B. Wagers; 1890, James 
Hicks; 1893, H. B. Wagers; 1897, Morgan 
Griswold; 1901, 1. H. Hammond. 

Prosecuting Attorney — 1846, H. B. Hen- 
dershott; 1848, William H. Brumfield; 1852, 
James Baker; 1854, Thomas Bigham. In 1858 
the office was changed to district prosecutor. 
The above list is complete as far as it goes, but 
we may have omitted one or two names. No 
records can be found to aid us. 

County Attorney — 1889, A. C. Steck; 

1891, C. A. Walsh; 1893, Sumner Siberell; 
1897, A. W. Enoch; 1901, D. H. Emery. 

Clcrlz of the District Court — 1844, H. B. 
Hendershott; 1846, John W. Ross;. 1848, 
Thomas G. Given; 1852, Joseph Hayne; 1856, 
Joseph Campbell; 1858, Joseph Hayne; i860, 
Hugh Brown; 1864, L. M. Godley; 1879, W. 

C. Thompson; 1885, J. T. Purdue; 1889, C. E. 
Norton; 1891, John Shehan; 1893, H- L. Hed- 
rick; 1897, O. J. Garriott; ±901, H. AV. 

Surveyor — 1844, William Dewey; 1849, 
George D. Hackworth; 1851, Joel B. Myers; 
1853, Thomas Fowler; 1855, Walter Clement;. 
1859, Thomas Fowler; 1861, W. M. Clark; 
1865, John Grant; 1868, George D. Hack- 
worth; 1870, John D. Baker; 1872, L. D. Mc- 
Glashon; 1878, W. H. McGlashon; 1879, John 

D. Baker; 1880, Samuel H. Burton; 1882, 
John D. Baker; 1884, Samuel H. Burton; 
1888, John D. Baker; 1890, Samuel H. Burton; 
1S92, John T. Brady; 1894, C. R. Allen; 1896, 
Gordon Bell; 1900, C. R. Allen. 

Coroner — 1849, A. George; 1851, Alex- 
ander Brown; 1853, Griggs; 1855, Will- 
iam E. Coe; 1859, C. G. Packard; 1861, J. G. 
Porter; 1865, A. L. Chamberlain; 1869, J. C, 
Hinsey; 1873, E. L. Lathrop; 1877, A. C. Ol- 
ney; 1882, James Carter; 1884, E. H. Sage; 
1888, S. A. Spilman; 1890, E. M. Arenschield; 

1892, L. Campbell; 1894, J. Williamson; 1898, 
John O'Donnell; 1900, C. C. Powell; 1901,. 
David Throne. 

Superintendent of Schools — 1859, George 
D. Hackworth; 1863, John M. McElroy; 1865^ 
B. A. Spaulding; 1867, S. L. Burnham; 1869, 



Henry C. Cox; 1871, N. M. Ives; 1873, Clay 
A\^ood; 1877, W. A. Mclntire; 1880, T. J. 
Sloan; 1882, W. A. Mclntire; 1890, George 
Phillips; 1894, Joseph Parks; 1900, Beniah 
Dimmitt: ' 


In October, 1844, the first constitutional 
■convention met at Iowa City; Wapello county 
was represented by William H. Galbreath and 
William W. Chapman. The territorial legis- 
lature, seventh assembly, met at the same place 
in May, 1845. William G. Ccop represented 
Jefferson, Wapello and Kishkekosh ( now Mon- 
roe) counties in ,the senate, and Reuben R. 
Harper in the house. The eighth assembly met 
in December, 1845; Mr. Coop was then sen- 
ator, and Joseph Fink, representative. The 
second constitutional convention met May 4, 
1846; AVapello was represented by Joseph H. 
Hedrick. The third constitutional convention 
met at Iowa City January 19, 1857; Wapello 
was represented by George Gillaspy. 

The state of Iowa was organized in 1846. 
The first state assembly met at Iowa City No- 
vember 30. Since that time the ■ county of 
Wapello has been represented as follows : 

Senate — Wapello and Monroe counties — 
1846, James Davis; 1848, Barney Royston; 
1850, Wapello, Monroe and Lucas — Henry B. 
Hendershott; 1852, Wapello, John W. Hed- 
rick; Wapello, Monroe, Lucas and Clarke, 
Flenry B. Hendershott; 1854, Wapello, James 
C. Ramsey; Wapello, Monroe, Lucas and 
Clarke, Daniel Anderson; 1856, Wapello, 

James C. Ramsey; 1858, John A. Johnson; 
1862, J. W. Dixon; 1866, Edward H. Stiles; 
1868, Augustus H. Hamilton; 1872, J. H. Mer- 
rill; 1878, G.'A. Madson; 1880, J. G. Hutchi- 
son ; 1884, P. G. Ballingall ; 1886, J. G. Hutchi- 
son; 1890, P G. Ballingall; 1892, J. J. Smith; 
1894, H. L. Waterman; 1898, W. A. Mcln- 

House — 1846, Wapello, .-V. B. Comstock; 
1848, Joseph H. Flint; 1850, Joseph H. Flint 
and Andrew Major; 1852, Wapello, Robert 
Coles, James C. Ramsey ; Wapello, Monroe, 
Lucas and Clarke, Henry Allen; 1854, Wa- 
pello, Samuel K. Cramer, Nimrod Boston : AVa- 
pello and Keokuk, Cyrus Franklin; 1856, Wa- 
pello, Cyrus Franklin, S. G. Finney; AA^apello 
and Keokuk, M. F Bottorf; 1858, AWlliam 
Campbell, William McCormick; i860, J. C. 
Mitchell, James Doggett; 1862, Joseph H. 
Flint, T. D. McGlothlen; 1864, Peter Knox, 
Edward H. Stiles; 18.66, Peter Knox, Charles 
Dudley; 1868, Samuel T. Caldwell, Charles 
Dudley; 1870, Charles Dudley, John H. 
Carver; 1872, John H. Carver, Samuel T. 
Caldwell; 1874, J. AA' Dixon, Jacob Siberell; 
1876, J. AV. Dixon, G. A. Madson; 1878, W. 
A. Fast, J. A. Israel; 1879, AV. A. Fast; 1880, 
F. M. Epperson: 1882, F. M. Epperson, G. 
AV. Dickins; 1884, Henry Canfield; 1886, D. 
A. La Force, J. R. Burgess; 1888, J. R. Bur- 
gress; 1890, J. J. Smith; 1892, A\'. AA^ Cun- 
ningham; 1894, AV. G. Crow; 1898, G. AA'. 
Dickins; 1900, A. AA'. Buchanan. 


The following shows the population of AVa- 


1 1 1 

pello county by townships, also the towns in the 
county, accorcUng to the census taken in 1900: 

Adams I.ISS 

Agency, including Agency City 1,085 

Cass, including Chillicothe 503 

Center, including Ottumwa 20,350 

Columbia, including part of Eddyville 1,768 

Competine 836 

Dahlonega 466 

Green ■. 822 

Highland 1,015 

Keokuk 840 

Pleasant 089 

Polk 916 

Richland, including Kirkville 1,709 

Washington, including Eldon 2,903 

Total population of the county 35,357 

The fohowing is the population of the towns 
in Wapello county : 

Agency 408 

Chillicothe 216 

Eddyville, including part of Harrison twp., Ma- 
haska Co '..'... 1,230 

Eldon 1,850 

Kirkville 402 

Ottumwa 18,197" 



Alleged Discovery of Gold bN Bear Creek — The Mania of Speculation that 
Ensued — Land Worth but $40 Per Acre Sold for $500 Per AcrE; 

In the fall of 1881, J. O. Briscoe, a citi- 
zen then of Ottumwa, announced that he had 
discovered gold on Bear Creek, a tributory of 
the Des IVIoines River ; the place of the alleged 
deposit was about a mile and a half from the 
mouth of the creek and a few hundred yards 
below where the main road crosses the creek 
in the vicinity of a school-house. In order 
to give a more explicit description, the land 
on which Briscoe claimed to discover gold, 
and on which he obtained possession, was the 
southwest c[uarter of the northwest quartei" 
of section 27, township ^2, range 14. Bris- 
coe claimed that he found gold in the sand 
obtained from the creek, and that he had ob- 
tained assays of a stratum of rock (limestone) 
that ran from a trace to $20 per ton in gold. 
It was a mystery why Briscoe never attempted 
to stock this property and place it on sale, but 
he was carrying out a scheme that was sat- 
isfactory to himself, and it is believed that he 
reaped his reward in inducing others to buy 

adjacent lands at a high \alue, and that the 
owners of such lands divided the profits with 
him. He manifested what the people be- 
lieved to be full faith in his discovery, by erect- 
ing a mill for reducing the alleged ere on the 
premises, and for many days the farce of 
a gold mill in full operation was enacted. In 
the course of time he brought out an alleged 
gold brick and placed it on exhibition at a 
Baptist festival in Ottumwa. The newspa- 
pers published frequent accounts of alleged 
assays that increased the excitement. Early 
in 1882 syndicates were formed for the pur- 
chase of adjacent lands or within a mile of 
the gold mill, and extravagant prices were 
paid. A case is noted where $2,000 was paid 
for the mineral only that lay in a tract of 40 
acres; there were instances where the land 
near or adjoining the Briscoe property was 
sold at prices ranging from $100 to $500 an 
acre. One man, a teamster, mortgaged his 
horses and wagon for $150, in order to get 



a small holding, and as a matter of course 
lost team and money. He was indignant 
when a prominent citizen, who had already 
invested, warned him against the investment, 
and declared that the friend who gave him 
the warning was a hog and wanted it all for 
himself. A nugget of gold, weighing nearly a 
half ounce, was exhibited, which it was al- 
leged was taken from one of the rockers of 
the Bear Creek gold mine. This increased the 
fever and hundreds of persons rushed to the 
diggings to see what they could find. The 
nugget Was examined by practical miners and 
mineralogists, who cpiickly discovered that 
5t was a vest-pocket specimen, with aill its 
original angularities worn smooth, but the en- 
thusiasts would not believe a word of it, and 
the price of the lands in the vicinity again 
increased. In vain did the old California and 
Rocky Mountain miners denounce the whole 
thing as a fraud, but men \\-ho had never 
looked into a mine and knew absolutely noth- 
ing of mineralogy assumed to know it all, and 
the majority believed them. It was an inter- 
esting phase of human credulity, and at thf^ 
same time a melancholy spectacle, to see men, 
who were sane on all other subjects, go wild 
and almost insane over the prospect of mak- 
ing Wapello county a great gold mining dis- 
trict. Finally a committee of business men 
took up the matter for serious investigation ; 
the committee procured a number of specimens 
of the "gold" rock and sent them to Chicago 
for assay; it was not long until the returns 
came in, and each certificate was to this effect : 

"Gold none; silver none." This caused a re- 
action ; the spell cast over the minds of men 
was broken, and there was no more gold land 
sold at fancy prices. The bubble collapsed. 
Briscoe lingered for a time, but finally went 
to Montana, where there is gold, and there 
engaged in a series of speculations, but none 
of these is a proper subject for a history of 
Wapello count3^ 

It is perhaps unnecessary to add that the 
land on which Briscoe's "mine" was located 
is now regarded as valuable only for agricul- 
tural purposes. There is no gold in paving 
quantities in the county; gold is widely dif- 
fused and the metal is found in small Cjuanti- 
ties almost everywhere; it has been found in 
the gulches of Agency township and on Tur- 
key creek, in Keokuk township, but there is 
not enough of it to pay the expenses of secur- 
ing it. The only persons that derived any 
benefit from the Briscoe fever were the land 
owners in the vicinity, who wisely sold "min- 
eral" rights or the land itself to the city syn- 
dicates. It is to the credit of Major Ham- 
ilton, who at that time published the Courier, 
that he discouraged the craze through the col- 
umns of his paper. It was his belief then, as 
it was also the belief of others, that there never 
was a grain of gold found on Bear Creek. If 
is to be noted that the victims of the craze 
were business men of Ottumwa, and those who 
profited by it were farmers and owners of poor 
land, that was not then and is not now re- 
garded as worth much for agricultural pur- 



Wapello County Invaded by a Horde of Organized Tramps, who Came on 
Flat Boats Down the Des Moines River. 

In the spring of 1894 an "army" of dis- 
contented men, tramps and adventurers, gath- 
ered in Nebraska and other Western States, 
and at last entered Iowa at Council Bluffs, 
marching on foot and in wagons until they 
reached Des Moines. They terrorized com- 
munities, not Ijy actual acts of violence, but 
by their numbers and threats, and in this 
way secured subsistence from towns, cities 
and the farmers. By the time the "army" 
I'eached Des Moines it numbered about 
1,000 men, all under the command of 
Charles T. Kellev, who assumed the title 
of "General." He was a shrewd kind of ad- 
A enturer and had great power over his lot of 
ragamuffins. The State and municipal offi- 
cers at Des Moines entered into ne- 
gotiations" with the "army," and the city 
authorities and citizens contributed to a 
fund to feed the "army" After vain- 
ly importuning the railroads tO' give the 
men transjxjrtation, all hands set about to 
build flat boats, which were to be embarked 

at Des Moines and float down the Des Moineg 
River. After a delay of several days at Des 
Moines the boats were built, and the Kelley- 
ites, about 1,000 in number, embarked on over 
100 boats. In the course of time the "fleet" 
arri\-ed within the borders of Mahaska County 
and Col. A. W.. Swalm met the "army" with 
provisions he had gathered at Oskaloosa. The 
"fleet" arrived at Eddyville about May 12th, 
halted, and received Eddyville's donation of 
groceries. Here General Kelley and his staff 
were met by !\Iayor La Force and a delegation 
of citizens and aldermen of Ottumwa. It was 
thereupon agreed that when Kelley and his 
"navy" arrived at Ottumwa the city would 
contribute. General Kelley had prior to this 
sent the foUcnving message : "To the citizens 
of Ottumwa : Desiring to give mv men a 
day in which to rest and clean up a bit, and 
desiring also not to appear improvident, I 
have requested Mr. Harry Leason, of the 
Courier, to ask for 75 pounds of coffee and 
a quantity more of meat. Also to ask the to- 



bacconists for such smoking and chewing to- 
bacco as you can consistently give. 

"Yours, Chas. T. Kelley." 

The KeUey "fleet" arrived at Ottumwa op. 
May 14th at the dam west of the city, and an 
army of workingmen were there to assist the 
boats in making the pkmge. The work of 
getting the boats over the dam was expedi- 
tious ; a since of lumber had been constructed 
from the level of the dam abo\-e to the \\'a- 
ter below, the since being constructed 
of heavy timbers. The boats were placed in 
the sluce and a rope attached to them ; the men 
then all disembarked and stood in the water 
to their waists to prevent the boats from 
capsizing. All the boats passed over the 
dam without material injury. 

Then was presented the spectacle of a 
special committee appointed by the city council 
meeting with Kelley to arrange terms. It was 
determined by these high contracting parties 
that the flotilla should land near Garrison 
Rock, about four miles below the center of 
the city, and the city would guarantee sub- 
sistence to the tramps for two or three days. 
Kelley agreed that he would prevent his men' 
from going to the city for begging purposes 
and would maintain an orderly camp. Score;; 
of extra policemen were swtjrn in to prevent 
depredations. Before the "army" left town, 
however, Kelley demanded and the authori- 
ties granted that the camp should be estab- 
lished at Baker's Grove, on the South Side, 
and adjacent to South Ottumwa, and there 

the camp was established. The city council 
then appropriated a sum of money sufficient to 
purchase 1,500 loaves of bread, 1,500 pounds 
of bacon, 125 pounds of cofifee and 25 bushels 
of potatoes. Citizens, following the example 
of the city authorities, gave as much more, 
and the adventurers proceeded to have a good 
time. They secured the little park in front 
of the court house, and each night they dele- 
gated one of their "statesmen" to speak at the 
park and instruct citizens as to their duties. 
Mean^\hile, every day they lingered strag- 
glers from the camp roamed through the city 
and country, demanding contributions of flour„ 
meat, clothing and an}-thing else that they 
thought they could obtain. It was a lesson tO' 
citizens as to what an irresponsible band of 
vagabonds cost the countrv in actual contribu- 
tions, and as an example to the rising- genera- 

At last the Kelley flotilla moved down the- 
river, finally reaching the ]\Iississippi, but the 
"army" did not hold together; it broke up 
into detachments, some of which joined 
Coxey s "army" and reached the city of AA'ash- 
ington. That "army" arrived there, heralded 
as the "big petition in boots," and there were 
nian\' worthy but unwise people who imagined 
that the "army" would start a revolution, but 
sturdy Grover Cleveland, who was then presi- 
dent, paid no further attention to them than 
Lo compel them to "Keep off the grass" of the 
national lawns, and the movement collapsed. 



An Historical Sketch — The Various Vicissitudes of the Proposed Enter- 
prise — Causes of its Failure. 

Inasmuch as the Des Moines Ri\'er trav- 
verses the county and Ottumwa having had 
great hopes centered on improving its naviga- 
tion, the following sketch, which was written 
by Hon. Charles Negus, is appropriate for a 
worl<: of this character. The sclieme was abor- 
tive for the reasons that are apparent in the 
sketch and perhaps from other causes that are 
to be referred to nature. It is certain, how- 
e\er, that at an early day the river was de- 
pended upon to a great extent for the transpor- 
tation of freight and products to the Miss- 
issippi. Steamboats continued to make trips 
from the mouth to Ottumwa as late as 1862 
with some degree of regularity. A distin- 
guished citizen of this city, in the person of 
Hon. George Gillaspy, was one of the officers 
of the board of commissioners. It may also be 
said in this connection that Col. Gillaspy was 
one of the leaders of enterprise; he established 
a pork packing house and was prominent in po- 
litical affairs. He was a unique character and 
a man of far more than ordinary ability. He 

served as register of the board of public works 
connected with the improvement of the river, 
serving both as an appointed and as an elected 

the negus statement. 

"The river Des Moines has connected with 
its history many things of interest. It is pur- 
posed at this time to notice some of the histori- 
cal events connected with this river since the 
land through which it passes was purchased 
by the Government from the Indians. 

"By the treaty of 1842, by which the Sacs 
and Foxes sold all their lands in Iowa, they were 
permitted to retain possession of that portion 
which lay west of Red Rock for three years, 
and the Indians moved up the river and located 
themselves near the Raccoon Fork, and the 
Government thought proper to locate a body of 
troops at that point ; and for the conveyance of 
soldiers and their equipage to that place, the 
little steamer 'lone" was employed, and, laden 



with stores and a detachment of troops, landed 
on the site where is now the city of Des Moines, 
on the 9th of May, 1843. This is the first 
steamboat that ever ventured to disturb the 
waters of this river so far from its mouth. The 
Tone' having made a successful trip added 
greatly to the expectation of the estimated im- 
portance and value of this thoroughfare, which 
was brought to the attention of Congress, and 
on the 8th of August, 1846, a law was enacted, 
giving to Iowa, for the purpose of aiding to 
improve the navigation of the river Des Moines 
from its mouth to the Raccoon Fork, an equal 
moiety in alternate sections of the public landr, 
remaining unsold, in a strip five miles wide on 
each side of the river, to be selected within the 
Territory of Iowa by an agent, or agents, who 
should be appointed by the governor of the 
Territory, subject to the approval of the U. S. 

"When this grant was first made, it was not 
supposed by any one that it extended above 
Raccoon Fork, and Governor Clark, in com- 
municating the intelligence to the legislature, 
estimated the grant to amount to about 300,000 
acres. This part of the Governor's message 
was referred to a select committee, for them to 
take into consideration whether it was advisable 
for the State to accept the grant, and if so, to 
devise the method of disposing of the lands 
and the mode of improving the river. 

"The committee, after having the matter 
under consideration several weeks, through 
their chairman. Dr. James Davis, of Wapello 
county, made a very lengthy report, in which 
they took the ground that the grant was not 

limited to lands below the Raccoon Fork, but 
extended to every alternate section for five 
miles on each side of the river to the north- 
western boundary of the State, if not to the 
source of the river. They estimated the grant 
to contain 400,000 acres below the Raccoon 
Fork, and 560,000 above, making 960,000 acres 
of land. The report of the committee at first 
was looked upon as visionary, and but very 
little calculation was made on getting any land 
above the fork of the river ; but a matter of so 
much importance was not passed over without 
examination and full discussion. 

"From this time on, for several years, the 
improvement of the river Des Moines entered 
largely into the politics of the State. Politi- 
cians became interested in it; the construction 
put upon the grant by the committee was the 
popular side, and found manjr advocates, and 
scarcely any one opposed it. The committee 
reported in favor of receiving the grant, with 
provisos, and a bill for creating a board of pub- 
lic works. On this report the legislature passed 
an act accepting the grant, with the proviso that 
it was not to form a part of the 500,000 acres 
which the State was entitled to by an act of 
Congress of 1841, giving to each new State 
that amount of land for internal improvements. 
This was conceded by the General Government, 
and it also permitted the State to divert 500,000 
acres from works of internal improvement to 
the purpose of education. The legislature, on 
the 5th of February, 1847, ^^so passed an Act 
creating a board of public works, and provid- 
ing for the improvement of the river. The 
board consisted of a president, secretary and 

I I! 


treasvirer, who were to be elected by the quali- 
fied electors of the State, on the first Monday 
of the following August. The president was 
to be the active agent of the work, and was re- 
cjuired to make monthly reports of his doings, 
and of the progress of his work to the board; 
the secretary was to record the proceedings of 
the board and to sell the lands ; the treasurer 
was to receive and disburse the moneys. The 
officers were required to commence the work 
on the Mississippi, near Keokuk, at the mouth 
of Dead Slough, or of the Nassaw Slough, and 
then up the Slough to the river. And subse- 
Cjuently the work was commenced by undertak- 
ing to dig a canal from the mouth of the Nas- 
saw Slough to St. Francisville, the first place 
on the ri\-er where it was thought practicable 
to build a dam. 

"About $150,000 were expended in the ef- 
fort, but the attempt pro^'ed to be an impractic- 
able undertaking, and, after expending this 
large amount of mone^-, the work of digging a 
canal was abandoned. At the August election, 
Hugh W. Sample, of Jefferson county, was 
elected president; Charles Corckery, of Du- 
buque county, secretary, and Paul Bratton, of 
Van Buren county, treasurer. The officers 
elected were qualified, and at first opened their 
offices at Fairfield. Col. Samuel Curtis, 
from Ohio, was selected by the board as chief 
engineer; but there was very little done this 
season toward impro\'ing the river, further than 
making sur\-e3S. The necessar\- sur\-evs hav- 
ing been completed, early in the spring of 1848, 
the work was commenced. The canal and three 
dams were put under contract, and about 500 

hands were put at work. On the 21st of Au- 
gust, the building of 10 more dams was con- 
tracted for, and there seemed to be a fair pros- 
pect for the speedy completion of the entire 

"Gl(n\ing reports of the country and the 
advantages to be derived from the improve- 
ment of the river, excited the public mind to 
the highest expectations, and the people be- 
came very anxious to secure as much of the 
public lands as possible, that this great under- 
taking might be speedily completed; and to 
ascertain the construction put upon the "grant 
by the General Government, application was- 
made to the Land Department for a decision.. 
Richard M. Young, the Commissioner of the 
General Land Office, on the 23d day of Feb- 
ruary, 1848, in a letter addressed to the board 
of public works, gave it as his opinion that the 
State was entitled to alternate sections with- 
in five miles of the Des Momes River, through 
the whole extent of Iowa. This decision gg,ve 
assurances that the amount of land claimed 
would be received. The board of improve- 
ment made great preparation for rapidly push- 
ing on the work, and the public mind was ex- 
hilarated with the greatest hopes of speedily 
realizing the great advantages represented to 
be derived from this undertaking. 

"But, as it is the lot of man to meet with 
disappointments, such seems to have been the 
result in this case; for it was found that the 
lands could not be sold fast enough to meet 
the expenses of so extensive a work as had 
been undertaken. To remedy this difficulty, 
the board of public works recommended to. 



the legislature 'that bonds, bearing the sanc- 
tion of the supreme power of the State, should 
be issued by the board, and pledging the pro- 
ceeds of the sales of the lands, as well as the 
tolls of the improvements, for their redemp- 
tion." But this policy did not meet with the 
sanction of some of the leading Democrats of 
the State, who regarded such a measure as 
not being in accordance with Democratic prin- 
'ciples, among whom were Ver Plank Van 
Antwerp. Van Antwerp, having held the of- 
fice of receiver in the first land office estab- 
lished in Southern Iowa, and then holding the 
same office at Fairfield, and also, for a while, 
editor of a paper, was extensively known, and 
at that time exerted much influence among 
the people and he took a very active 
part against the proposition recommend- 
ed by the board. He claimed that the 
measure was not only anti-Democratic, 
"but impolitic, and went to Iowa City as 
a lobby member, and made himself verv 
busy with the members to defeat it; and the 
opposition with which it met from Van Ant- 
werp and other private individuals had its ef- 
fect with the members of the legislature, and 
the measure was defeated, much tO' the dis- 
comfiture of Sample. This interference of 
Van Antwerp with the recommendations of 
the board created a coolness between Sample 
and Van Antwerp which caused some singular 
results in the future political matters of the 

"For the purpose of securing the full 
amount of land claimed, the legislature passed 
a memorial asking Congress to enact an ex- 

planatory law confirming to the State the 
quantity of land claimed. But Congress did 
not feel disposed to do this, and the ext-ent of 
the grant was a disputed question for several 

"At the August election in 1849, the offi- 
cers of the board of public works were to be, 
again elected, and the old officers were desir- 
ous of holding on to their offices, and Sample 
made great efforts to have the old officers re- 
nominated by the State convention for candi- 
dates before the people. Those who were in 
favor of issuing bonds for the speedy comple- 
tion of the work were in favor of re-electine 
the old board; those who were against this 
measure were opposed to them. Among those 
who took an active part against the old board 
was Van Antwerp, and his opposition was 
particularly made against Sample, which got up 
much ill-feeling between them. Van Antwerp, 
to accomplish his ends before the convening of 
the convention, prepared a stricture on Sample's 
political acts, wliich 'showed him up' in 
no very enviable light. Van Antwerp went 
to Iowa City, where the convention was to be 
held, a short time before it convened, and had 
his strictures printed in handbill form, and on 
the morning of the convention circulated copies 
all over the city, so that a copy found its way 
into the hands of every delegate. This had 
the effect to beat Sample, and the other officers 
of the old board, and AA'illiam Patterson, of 
Lee County, was nominated for president ; 
Jesse Williams, of Johnson, for secretary; and 
George Gillaspy, of Wapello, for treasurer. 

"These individuals were all elected, entered 



upon the duties of their trust, and with energy 
undertook to complete all the work which had 
been put under contract. But they soon found 
that they could not sell lands fast enough to 
meet their expenditures, and had to suspend a 
portion of the work. But they did not do 
this until they had contracted a large amount 
of debts, which they had not the means to 
pay. The new board, on making settlements 
with the contractors, not having the money to 
pay them, issued bonds, or certificates of in- 
debtedness, pledging the lands for their pay- 
ment, and binding the board to redeem them 
as soon as they had the means to do it. So 
the new board, without the sanction of the law, 
did what the old board tried to get the legis- 
lature to authorize them to do by law, and for 
which policy they were turned out of office 
and others put in their place. Those contrac- 
tors who were stopped from going on with 
their work claimed damages ; legal proceedings 
were had, and some of them recovered large 

"The course pursued by the new board met 
with much censure from the public and the 
newspapers ; particularly the Whig press was 
very severe in its strictures. The course which 
had been pursued by the board of public works 
made the improvement of the river Des Moines 
a prominent matter before the legislature 
which convened in December, 1850. The is- 
suing of bonds did not meet with the approval 
of that body, and a law was passed abolishing 
the offices of president, secretary and treas- 
urer, and the offices of 'Commissioner and 
Register of the Des Moines River Improve- 

ment' were created, which, instead of being 
elected by the people, were appointed by the 
Governor, by and with the consent of the Sen- 

"As soon as the law abolishing the board 
of public works went into efifect, the Governor 
appointed Ver Plank Van Antwerp commis- 
sioner, and George Gillaspy register of the im- 
provement, who, on the 9th of June, 185 1, en- 
tered into a contract with Bangs Brothers & 
Company, of New York, in which they stipu- 
lated to complete the whole work, from the 
mouth of the river to> the Raccoon Fork, in 
four years from the time, when for the im- 
provement of the river a confirmation should 
be secured of the extension of the grant of 
land above that point. When the contract 
was closed Bangs Brothers & Company and 
the officers of the improvement went to work 
and succeeded in getting the Land Depart- 
ment of the General Government to recon- 
sider the decision in which it had been held 
that the grant of land only extended to the 
Raccoon Fork, and obtained a decision that 
it extended to the northern boundary of the 
State, which gave hopes that the river would 
soon be made navigable. On the first reception 
of the news there was much rejoicing, but 
when the details of the contract with Bangs 
Brothers & Company were made public, it 
was found that the contract provided that the 
Sands below Raccoon Fork were not to be 
sold for less than $2.00 per acre, and those 
above for not less than $5.00. 

"This gave great dissatisfaction, for a 
great portion of these lands was occupied by 



claimants who expected to buy their claims 
at $1.25 per acre, as others had done who had 
settled upon Government lands. This provis- 
ion stirred up much ill-feeling among the set- 
tlers; public meetings were held, and this part 
of the contract was condemned in the strongest 
terms ; and such were the feelings that there 
were apprehensions of serious difficulties if 
this part of the contract should be enforced. 
But when these excitements were at the high- 
est news came that Bangs Brothers, & Com- 
pany had failed, and probably their contract 
would be annulled, and this allayed the pub- 
lic feeling. Bangs Brothers & Company did 
not comply with their contract in furnishing 
means, and the work on the river did not go 
on, and the public expectation of a speedy 
completion of the proposed improvement van- 

"The officers of the improvement were ap- 
pointed for only two years, and at the expira- 
tion of their term of office Van Antwerp was 
re-appointed commissioner, and Paul C. Jef- 
fries was appointed register. But these last- 
appointed officers held their trust but a short 
time, for during the past two years the work 
on the river had progressed .very slowly ; the 
contract with Bangs Brothers & Company had 
been declared forfeited, and it was understood 
that other sources were to be looked to for 
going on with the work. The officers ap- 
pointed by the Governor not being successful 
in their undertaking, the legislature, on the 
1st of January, 1853, repealed the law author- 
izing the Governor to appoint, and made these 
officers again to be elected by the people, and 

on the first Monday in the f(j! lowing April 
Josiah Bonney, of Van Buren County, was 
elected commissioner, and George Gillaspy, 
register. And, for the purpose of aiding the 
commissioner in conducting and concluding 
any contract on the subject of impro\'ing the 
river, the legislature appointed George G. 
Wright, of Van Buren County, and Uriah 
Biggs, of Wapello, his assistants, 'with equal 
powers of the commissioner in making and 
determining such contract." 

"From past experience it was not deemed 
advisable to parcel out the work to many in- 
dividuals, and consecjuently these officers were 
required by the legislature not to make any 
contract, unless such contract stipulated for 
'at least $1,300,000 to be faithfully expended 
in the payment of the debts and liabilities of 
the Improvement, and its completion to the 
greatest extent possible." And, to this end, 
if it was necessary, the\- were authorized 'to 
sell and dispose of all and any lands which 
had been or might hereafter be granted by 
Congress for the improvement of the river, 
and, if it was necessary to efTect a contract, 
they were authorized to convey the right to 
tolls and water rents arising from the Improve- 
ment, for the length of time and upon such 
terms as they might deem expedient. But in 
disposing of the lands, they Mere not to' con- 
tract them for less than $1.25 per acre;" and 
if no contract of this character should 
be made before the ist of September, 
1853, and then the pay of all the officers 
connected with the work, except the register 
and one engineer, was to cease, and all oi>er- 



ation connected with the work, except such 
parts as were under contract, were to be sus- 
pended until further action by the legislature. 
The register was required to put all unfinished 
work then under contract in such a condition 
as to prevent it from injury, and to see that all 
property of the State connected with the work 
was carefully preserved. If the register, at 
any time subsequent, should recei\'e proposi- 
tions which he deemed sufficient for consider- 
ation, he was to submit the same to the com- 
missioner; and should a contract be made on 
the terms required by the legislature, then the 
pay of the officers should commence and the 
work go on as though it had not been sus- 

"The new commissioner, being conscien- 
tious about the expending of money, immedi- 
ately after taking charge of the work, dis- 
missed all the engineers, except Guy AVells, 
the chief engineer, and employed no officer or 
other persons, except when the necessity of 
the \\'ork imperatively demanded it. There 
were in several places of the river snags and 
bowlders, which much obstructed the naviga- 
tion, and had become . a source of much in- 
convenience and complaint ; but during the of- 
ficial term of Bonney the river was 'cleaned 
of snags, bowlders and other obstructions to 
such an extent as to make the navigation of the 
river, at proper stages of the water, safe.' 

"The commissioner and his associates, af- 
ter assuming the duties of their trust, entered 
into correspondence with such persons and 
companies as they thought likely to embark, 
in such an enterprise. And by this means 

they ■ succeeded in eliciting the attention of 
capitalists to such an extent that a number 
of persons came to the State for the purpose 
of investigation. These persons, by an ex- 
amination of the valley of the Des Moines per- 
sonally, and making themselves acquainted 
with the resources of the country, on their re- 
turn east imparted to others the undeveloped 
wealth and advantages of the valley, which 
was the means of bringing many good and 
enterprising citizens to the State. Among oth- 
ers who visited Iowa for the purpose of inves- 
tigation was Henry O'Rielly, a man who had 
acquired some considerable notoriety as a con- 
tractor in putting up telegraph wires, and he 
proposed to undertake the work. Such was the 
known reputation of O'Rielly as a contractor 
that the commissioner and his associates com- 
menced the negotiating of a contract. And 
'on the 17th of December, 1853, Henry 
O'Rielly, Esq., of New York, entered into 
a contract with the commissioners, in which, 
for the consideration of the unsold lands be- 
longing to the improvement and tolls and water 
rents and other profits arising from the work 
for the term of forty years, agreed to completg 
the entire work within a period of four years 
from the ist day of July, 1854, according to 
the original surveys and specifications made by 
the engineers.' 

"Immediately upon entering upon this con- 
tract, O'Rielly returned east and organized a 
company, under the laws of Iowa, called the 
'Des Moines Navigation & Railroad Com- 
pany,' to ^\hich O'Riel]}' assigned his con- 
tract, himself being one of the officers of the 



company. On the 9th of June, 1854, by the 
consent and request of O'Riehy, and with the 
approbation of the officers of the River Im- 
provement, the* contract with O'Rielly was 
canceled, and another contract was made with 
the Des Moines Navigation & Raih-oad Com- 
pany. In this contract the company agreed 
to pay ah outstanding debts against the Im- 
provement within ninety days from the date 
of said contract, to settle and pay all damage 
suits against the State of Iowa on account of 
the prosecution of said work to mill-owners 
or others who have, or might thereafter, 
sustain damages on account of the same; to 
pay the salaries and expenses of the officers 
and engineers in charge of the work ; to com- 
plete the improvement from the mouth of the 
Des Moines river to Fort Des Moines, in 
accordance with the original plans and speci- 
fications of the state engineer, by the ist day 
■of Jul)', 1858; and to construct the whole work 
in such a manner as to assure the navigation 
•of the same for the longest period of each 
year practicable, and to complete at least one- 
fourth of the work each and every year, com- 
mencing on the 1st day of July, 1854. 

"In consideration of this understanding, 
the commissioner agreed to convey to the com- 
pany all the unsold lands belonging to the im- 
provement, the use of the work, the tolls and 
water rents for the term of forty-one years. 
And afterward, in consideration of the com- 
pany enlarging the works and making some 
other improvements in the navigation of the 
river, and also on account of there not being 
:as large a quantity of land undisposed of below 

Fort Dodge as was understood to be by the 
commissioners and the company at the time of 
making the contract, a majority of the com- 
missioners, Bonney and Biggs, entered into an 
article of agreement with the company, in 
which they promised to extend the time of the 
company's use and control of the work to sev- 
enty-five years. 

"Under this contract, the public expected 
that the work wouJd be immediately com- 
menced by the new contractors and speedily 
completed. The great expectations which at 
first had been raised by the contractors, under 
the name of the 'Des Aloines Navigation & 
Railroad Company,' soon after they undertook 
the work began to diminish; for there soon 
arose disagreements and misunderstandings 
among themselves. The company had been 
organi_zed under the general incorporation laws 
of Iowa, and, consequently, was subject to the 
laws of the State. At the called session of the 
legislature, in 1856, Donald Mann, a stock- 
holder of the company, memorialized the legis- 
lature to correct the "manifold abuses' of which 
he charged the directors of the company to have 
been guiltv. In this memorial he charged that 
the managers of the company had, in various 
ways, 'corruptly, and for corrupt purposes,' vio- 
lated the laws of the State, 'greatly to the injury 
of the people thereof, and to the great loss and 
damage of the stockholders,' and showed in de- 
tail wherein they had acted corruptly and vio- 
lated the laws under which the company was 
incorporated. Among other things, he stated 
that, 'for the purpose of deceiving the people 
and individuals in relation to their means,' they 



had represented to the public and to individuals 
that there had been paid into the treasury 'enor- 
mous sums of money, on account of stock sold, 
for much larger amounts than had l^een re- 
ceived. And the better to accomplish and main- 
tain such deceptions, the managers (or a ma- 
jority of them) caused to be issued certificates 
of stock to the amount of, nominally, $630,000, 
or six thousand three hundred shares of $100 
for cash, of which shares they had represented 
to the public and individuals that the holder had 
paid the sum of $100, amounting to $630,000, 
when, as a matter of fact, there was only 5 per 
cent paid on each share, by which means the 
public and many individuals were deceived.' 

"Henry O'Rielly, the individual with whom 
the contract had first been made, a stockholder 
and one of the directors, also memorialized the 
legislature for an investigation of the affairs of 
the company, in which he reasserted the charges 
made by Mann, and stated that he held him- 
self ready, if the legislature would order an 
investigation of the doings of the company, 
to prove, from the records of the company 
and from other evidence, 'that there was 
scarcely an important provision in the code 
of Iowa (applicable to corporations), scarcely 
an important point in the Des Moines Im- 
provement laws, scarcely an important pro- 
vision in the contract which the company 
agreed to fulfill, scarcely an essential provis- 
ion in its by-laws, or even in the charter which 
gave it legal existence, which had not been 
violated, and violated with a recklessness that 
will form a memorable feature in the history 
of Iowa.' 

"A joint committee was appointed from 
both branches of the legislature at the called 
session to investigate the alleged abuses, but, 
owing to the short time in which they had to 
act, it was impossible for them to make the 
necessary investigation. An attempt was made 
to create a committee for this purpose to act 
after the legislature adjourned ; but this failed, 
so that the alleged abuses passed by without 
examination at that time. These memorials 
to the legislature and the discussion of these 
matters by the newspapers greatly prejudiced 
the public mind against the • company ; and 
while these discussions were going on W C. 
Johnson, president of the company, recjuested. 
the Governor to examine intO' its affairs, in 
person or by a committee, and proposed to 
pay the expenses of such an examination. The. 
Governor did not feel disposed to comply with 
thfe request, but referred the matter to the 
legislature, which convened the following De- 
cember, and recommended that a committee 
should be appointed, with power to adminis- 
ter oaths, and to send for persons and papers, 
with instructions to inc[uire into all the trans- 
actions of the former commissioners and reg- 
isters of the Improvement. 

"This part of the Governor's message was 
referred to a committee of 12, consisting of 
members of both branches of the legislature,, 
who immediately proceeded to the discharge 
of their duties. After a careful and thorough 
examination, this committee reported that they 
did not consider the contract made by the com- 
missioners with the company a valid contract 
on behalf of the State, for the law which au- 



thorize'd the commissioner and register to make 
contracts required tlrat any contract made by 
them, to be vaHd, must be approved by the 
Governor, and tliat tlie subsequent law, which 
created two assistant commissioners, did not 
do away with the provision requiring the Gov- 
ernor to approve of such contracts. And, as 
the contract made with the company had never 
been approved by the Governor, they did not 
regard it as binding on the State. The com- 
mittee also reported that the company had acted 
in bad faith, and violated their charter in many 
ways ; and, among other things, they found that 
over $1,000,000 of full-paid stock had been is- 
sued by the company, upon which had been re- 
ceived but $167,000, leaving a deficit of $833, 
000, for which certificates of full-paid stock had 
been issued, for which not a farthing had been 
received by the company, which had been sold 
to innocent purchasers for a valuable consider- 
ation, who -had purchased, believing its full 
value had been paid into the treasury of the 
company. The company had come far short 
of completing the amount of work which they 
were required to do under their contract, and 
their acts gave strong indications that their 
object was to expend money enough to get pos- 
session of all the available lands, and then 
abandon the work; for more than one-half of 
the time which was given for completing the 
entire contract had expired, and on a work 
which was estimated to cost about $2,000,000, 
they had expended about $185,957.44 for an 
actual construction of the work, while the com- 
pany claimed that they had expended $104,- 
180.74 for incidental expenses, the most part 

of which did not, in any manner, benefit the 
improvement. Yet the company claimed that 
they were entitled to land at $1.25 per acre in 
payment for the whole amount. 

"On the 2d of April, 1855, William Mc- 
Kay, of Polk county, was elected commissioner, 
and John C. Lockwood, of Louisa county, 
register; but in November, 1856, McKay re- 
signed, and Edwin Manning, of Van Buren 
county, was appointed by the Governor to fill 
his place. Manning bore the name of a good 
business man and close financier, and he was 
not willing to audit the claims for incidental 
expenses, as one for which the company were 
entitled to receive land ; and this became a mat- 
ter of dispute betv\'een the company and com- 
missioner, and, in order to have the matter ad- 
justed, the President proposed to make an 
abatement of $72,000 ; but Manning did not 
feel disposed to settle the matter himself, and 
referred the whole claim to the legislature. 

"Manning, in his report to the legislature, 
showed that there had been sold by the State, 
through the board of public works, during the 
six years that the State prosecuted the work, 
about $75,000 worth of land; and for this sum 
only 'three stone-masonry locks' and two dams 
had been completed; and there had been certi- 
fied to the Des Moines Navigation & Railroad 
Company, by Bonney and Gillaspy, 88,853 ^9~ 
100 acres of land, and by McKay and Lock- 
wood, 116,636 4-100 acres, at $1.25 per acre,, 
making $256,861.53 worth of land, which had 
been disposed of to the present Company, a 
part of which amount was for old debts which 
they had paid. 



"The report of the committee and commis- 
sioner having been made to the legislature, that 
body, acting upon the premises that the con- 
tract which had been made by the commission- 
ers with the company was not binding upon the 
State, on the 29th of January, 1857, passed an 
act by which there was to be a commissioner 
appointed by the Governor, who, with the reg- 
ular commissioner, was authorized to contract 
for the speedy prosecution of the work, and it 
was made their duty to ascertain and pay off all 
just claims against the Lnprovement; and they 
were authorized to contract with any company 
for the sale of all lands, tolls and water rents 
who would give satisfactory evidence and se- 
■curity for the completion of the Lnprovement. 
But they were not to bind the State by any con- 
tract further than the appropriation of the land 
and the income of the improvement; and no 
contract made by the commissioners was to be 
valid until approved by the Governor. And by 
this act, the offices of register and assistant 
commissioner were abolished, and the register 
was required to deliver over to the State land 
ofhce all books and papers in his office ; and the 
register of the State land office was required fo 
perform all the duties which the register of the 
improvement had done. And b}' thus doing, 
the legislature gave the Des Moines Navigation 
& Railroad Company to understand that they 
did not regard the contract made by them with 
the commissioners as binding upon the State, 
though by this act they made arrangements for 
auditing their claims and paying them their 
just dues. 

"About this time, the question was brought 

up in the Land Department at A\"ashington, as 
to the extent of this grant of land, and the opin- 
ion was made public that the original inten- 
tion of Congress was to only give to the state 
the lands below the Raccoon Fork; but a dis- 
position was manifested to compromise by the 
department recognizing as being in the grant 
all lands adjacent to the river within the state 
But assumptions had heretofore met with suc- 
cess, and now those interested in the land grant 
claimed and contended that this grant embraced 
all the lands to the source of the river. This 
difficulty about the extent of the land grant, to- 
gether with the action of the legislature, nearly 
suspended all operations on the river, and much 
was said by the company about enforcing their 
claims by law. 

"The commissioners appointed to audit and 
pay the claims against the Improvement did not 
succeed in adjusting the claims of the company, 
and the matter was again referred to the legis- 
lature; and, on the 22d of March, 1858, there 
was a joint resolution passed by the legislature, 
defining the basis upon which the State would 
settle, and the Des Moines Navigation & Rail- 
road Company were given sixty days to con- 
sider whether they would accept of and ratify 
this proposition ; and if they did not, within 
that time, then it was made the duty of the 
Governor to enjoin them from further proceed- 
ing with the work of the Improvement. Also, 
on the same day of adopting this resolution, 
there was an act passed giving all the lands 
which remained after settling with this Com- 
pany, 'and also all the stone, timber and other 
materials turned over to the State by the Com- 



pany,' to the Keokuk, Fort Des Moines & 
Minnesota Railroad Company, for the purpose 
of constructing a railroad from Keokuk up the 
Des Moines Valley, to the northern line of the 
state, except the material which it might be 
necessary to use for the completion of the locks 
and dams at Croton, Plymouth, BentonSport 
and Keosauqua, which the railroad company 
were to complete; and also, all debts which 
grew out of the Improvement, which at that 
time remained unsatisfied, or were, in some 
manner, provided for. But in this grant there 
was a provision made that it should not, in any 
manner, conflict with the lands which had, pre- 
vious to that time, been given to the State by 
Congress for raih-oad purposes, which, on the 
15th of July, 1856, had been given by the legis- 
lature to the companies formed to build the four 
roads designated by the grant. But it was un- 
derstood that these lands, having been donated 
by Congress for the improvement of the naviga- 
tion of the river Des Moines, could not be di- 
verted to the building of a railroad without the 
consent of Congress, and measures were imme- 
diately taken to get Congress to sanction the 
diversion; but this attempt failed, so that the 
action of the Iowa legislature did not avail the 
Railroad Company anything that session. The 
railroad company determined to make another 
effort at the next session of Congress ; but be- 
fore the time for this effort, another difficulty 
arose in the way of obtaining the lands for the 
Keokuk, Fort Des Moines & Minnesota Rail- 
road Company. 

"In setting up the claims that the grants 
for improving the river Des Moines extended 

above! the Raccoon Fork, the citizens of Iowa 
were united, until after the grant of lands by 
Congress for railroad purposes was made. 
After this the railroad companies became in- 
terested in the lands claimed for the Rixer Im- 
provement, and claimed that the grant did not 
embrace any lands abo\-e the Raccoon Fork, on 
which the citizens of Iowa were now divided, 
and both sides of the cpestion were represent- 
ed. Upon this phase of the case the officer 
of the Land Department at AVashington had 
but very little hestitation in deciding against 
the claims of the River Improvement. Aft^r 
this decision was made the legal tribunals wera 
restored to, and a case was taken to the Su- 
preme Court of the United States, where the 
same decision was given as in the land office.. 
"On the 3d of March, i860, there was an 
act passed abolishing the office of commis- 
sioner of the Des Moines Improvement, and 
George G. AA'right, Edward Johnson and 
Christian \Y. Slagle \\ere appointed a board 
of commissioners for the purpose of ascertain- 
ing all the liabilities against the Des [Moines 
River Improvement and against the state of 
Iowa, growing out of the improvement. They 
were required to meet at Keosauqua, and were 
clothed with power similar to the District 
Court, to hear and determine all' claims grow- 
ing out of the Improvement, and were author- 
ized to sell all the interests of the State, and 
all dams and improvements, and the lands ap- 
pertaining thereto. These commissioners pro- 
ceeded with their duties, and with their la- 
bors closed all official acts, as far as the State 
was concerned, in applying the proceeds of 



this land grant toward the improvement of the 
navigation of the river Des Moines. 

"This was a most magnificent grant, em- 
bracing some of the best lands in the State ; 
and if the proceeds had been judiciously and 
properly expended, would have made a great 
thoroughfare for steamboats, besides affording 

an immense water-power for driving machin- 
ery. But, through the incompetency of manag- 
ing the means, and the intrigues of designing 
men, the whole of the lands below Raccoon 
Fork, and a large c[uanity above, were disposed 
of and very little practical good accomplished 
toward the navigation of the river. 



Early Members of the Wapello County Bar — Sketches of Eminent Lawyers and 
Jurists — Something About the Present Members of the Bar. 

On the 1 8th of September, 1844, the first 
court higher than that of a justice of the peace 
was held in Wapello County. Judge ]\Iason 
acted in a dual capacity, — as judge of the U. S. 
District Court and as a judge of the Terri- 
torial District Court ; he had received his au- 
thority from the President of the United 
States, Martin Van Buren. 

Since that time the following judges of the 
District Court have held sessions in W^apello 
County : W. I. Babb, of Henry County : E. 
L. Burton, of Wapello; H. B. Hendershott, 
of Wapello; J. C. Knapp, of Van Buren; C. 
D. Leggett, of Jefferson; J. C. Mitchell, of 
Lucas; Cyrus Olney, of Jefiferson; M. A. Rob- 
erts, of Wapello; Robert Sloan, of Van Buren; 
W. H. Seevers, of Mahaska; Dell Stuart, of 
Lucas; W. D. Tisdale, of Wapello; John S. 
Townsend, of Monroe; H. Tannehill, of Ap- 
panoose; H. H. Trimble, of Davis; H. C. 
Traverse, of Davis; M. J. Williams, of Wa- 
pello; T. M. Fee, of Appanoose; Frank Eich- 
elberger, of Davis ; and Dashiel, of Monroe. 

Many of the judges here named have at- 
tained distinction. Nearly one-half the num- 
ber are dead. Those who are alive at this 
date (August, 1901) are; W D. Tisdale, 
Frank Eichelberger, Robert Sloan, T. M, Fee, 
W I. Babb, H. H. Trimble, H. C. Traverse, 
J. C. Mitchell, C. D. Leggett, Dell Stuart, M. 
A. Roberts. 

Judge Knapp was a picturesque figure — 
a link between the old and the new — a judge 
of commanding appearance ; although he was 
a stern man, he was popular, as was evidenced 
by his election in a district that was hostile 
to his party. Judge Burton was a close 
analytical lawyer; his opinions were generally 
affirmed by the higher courts. Judge AA'illiams' 
was eminent in his profession, a just judge 
as well as a good lawyer. Trimble was able, 
so was Traverse ; Seevers was a close student ; 
the same can be said of Townsend. There can 
be said many good words for the sitting 
judges, Sloan, Fee, Eichelberger and Roberts. 

Hon. E. H. Stiles, who was himself a dis- 



tinguished member of the Iowa bar, and at one 
time reporter of the supreme court, gave this 
estimate of Judge H. B. Hendersliott : "Al- 
ways a good lawyer, his legal forces were in 
excellent discipline, and his great industry, 
sound judgment and painstaking disposition 
enabled him to apply those forces in the most 
thorough and satisfactory manner; while his 
urbanity and fairness placed everybody at ease 
and invoked the profound respect of his audi- 
tors."' This tribute, from so good a lawyer 
as Mr. Stiles, is perhaps all that Judge Hen- 
dershott himself would have asked in Iiis life 

Contemporary with Stiles were such law- 
yers as Samuel \Y Summers, J. W. Dixon, 
A. H. Hamilton, jM. J. Williams, John D, 
Devin, John A. Johnson, A. A. Stuart, Thom- 
as Bigham and A. \A' Gaston, of Ottumwa, 
with Homer D. Ives and R. W. Boyd, of Ed- 
dy\-ille, and C}'rus Franklin, of Agency City. 
Summers became colonel of the 7th Iowa Vol- 
unteer Cavalry, and fought Indians on the 
plains during the Civil \\ar. J. W Dixon 
gave John H. Gear a merry race for the speak- 
ership of the Iowa legislature. Hamilton be- 
came major of the 36th Iowa Volunteer In- 
fantry, and was captured Ijy the rebels at 
Mark's ?\Iill after a sturdy contest. Gaston has 
remained in Ottumwa during all these years, 
leading a quiet life. Devin left the country 
years ago. John A. Johnson went to Mon- 
tana, where he died about a year ago. 
A. A. Stuart left long ago. Thomas Bigham, 
eccentric and yet with sturdy ideas, is dead. 
Homer D. Ives died in his prime at Eddy- 

ville, and Cyrus Franklin, after a stirring ca- 
reer as an officer in the Southern Confederacy, 
passed into the silence. 

Mr. Stiles, in an address delivered May 
17, 1894, when the new court house was dedi- 
cated, referred tO' J. C. Hall and David Rorer, 
of Burlington; to Townsend and Perry, of 
Albia; Dunlavy, M. H. Jones and Trimble, 
of Bloomfield. The author of this book recalls 
the appearance of Rorer, who always appeared 
in court with the traditional green bag of the 
English advocate; he had a bullet-like head, 
but he was a bright lawyer. M. FI. Jones 
had a keen sense of humor; he was full of 
sarcasm, but a gentleman of infinite wit. 
His reminiscences, if they could be gathered 
and printed, would be of great value. Trim- 
ble \\'as one of the most intellectual men of 
the Southern border. Perr)^, of Albia, is an- 
other able lawyer, \\ho has practiced at the 
Ottumwa bar. 

There were other notable men from other 
counties who practiced at the AA'apello county 
bar. Such men as Charles Negus, a man of 
commanding presence and of fine literary abil- 
ity; Stiles says he had a Jove-like front, and 
this is true, if our conception of Jove be a true 
one. Stiles himself was one of the noblest 
looking men of the county bar. We had here 
also Micajah Williams, of Oskaloosa, and J. 
A. L. Crookham ; the latter was -picturesque 
and forcible. Amos Harrie was a tall, angular 
man; he was from Centerville and was once 
prosecutor of the district. Judge Knapp was an 
ancient Greek in appearance — one of the no- 
blest of the pioneer jurists of Iowa. Georgfe 



Wright and Clay Caldwell are associated with 
the Wapello county bar; they occasionally 
made their appearance here in cases of great 
importance. Judge Caldwell now occupies a 
commanding position on the Federal bench and 
adds new luster to our national jurisprudence. 
L. C. Hendershott, son of Judge Hender- 
shott, is the oldest native-born Ottumwa law- 
)'er; the oldest practitioner now in service is 
W. \Y. Coi'y, who' has been \-er}' successful 
as a lawyer and in a financial way. Capt. 
W. H. C. Jacjues is next after Corv as to 
length of ser\ice; he has made a splendid rep- 
utation as a lawyer and has been called to 
distant states in his practice. The name of 
William AlcXett is synonymous with honesty, 
integrity, culture and ability. D. H. Emery 
is the worthy and able prosecuting attorney 
for the count}'. E. E. AIcElroy is noted for 
his steady purpose and integrity. M. A. Rob- 
erts is now one of the judges of this district. 
J. C. Alitchell, an able jurist, formerly judge 
of the district, is acti\'e in practice. A. W. 
Enoch has served acceptably two terms as 
county attorney. A. C. Steck and J. J. Smith 
constitute a strong legal firm that is well 
known to the Wapello county calendar. J. 
W. Lewis, an orator of renown as well as a 
successful lawyer, has been register in bank- 
ruptcy, but resigned the place and is succeeded 
by C. C. Mclntire. Work & Work, a firm 
made up of father and son, — W'. A., the head 
of the firm, a most excellent lawyer, and Em- 
mett A., constitute one of the leading legal 
firms of southern Iowa. Blake & Hall are 
partners in a profitable business. F. M. 

Hunter is a partner with Judge Mitchell in 
the legal business, and is also U. S. commis- 
sioner, charged with important duties. B. W. 
Scott, C. C. Leech, P. H. Riordan, AV. W. 
Epps, at one time mayor of Ottumwa, F. G. 
Orelup, at one time police judge, Ayres & 
Fullen, the latter at one time U. S. district 
attorney, Seneca Cornell, honest and able, who 
also conducts an abstract oflice, Sumner Siber- 
ell, at one time county attorney, Joseph R. 
Jaques, son of and partner with his father, 
Captain Jaques, in the legal business, A. B. 
AA'illiams and Ke.jta, son and daughter of the 
late Judge Williams, and \\\ D. Tisdale, who 
remained on the bench as long as he wanted 
the position. 

There are not many lawyers in Wapello 
county, outside of Ottumwa. W R. Nelson, 
of Eddyville, is deservedly prominent as an 
attorney, and the same may be said of Messrs. 
Tomlinson, Smith, Henshaw and Dougherty, 
of Eldon. 

It is, perhaps, better to speak of the dead 
than of the living; of those who have finished 
their course and completed their record. Sum- 
mers, Williams, Burton and Hendershott were 
lawyers who would have graced any bar in the 
United States. Summers was austere in the 
presence of strangers, calm and dignified, yet 
he was very genial with his intimate friends ; 
he and Major Hamilton were the only lawyers 
of note in the county who entered the army 
and achieved distinction during the Civil war, 
if we except Colonel Stuart, who Mas here a 
short time, and did not relocate after the war 
was over. Williams was noted for his keen 



cross-examinations of contumacious witnesses. 
Hendershott was grave, dignified and studious. 
Burton excelled in the examination of consti- 
tutional questions and was impressive in argu- 
ment. Dixon was a man of more than ordi- 
nary ability. Eugene Fawcett was here for 
ji short time ; he was brilliant but eccentric ; he 
achieved reputation and honors in California. 
One of the most, distinguished lawyers, who 
practiced occasionally in Wapello county, was 
James F. AA'ilson, of Fairfield, who became 
United States Senator and achieved national 
fame as a statesman. Van Buren coimty con- 
tributed Knapp, the dead jurist, and Sloan, 
the living one, to the galaxy of stars at the 
AA'apello ccunty bar. 

Henry Clay Dean appeared at the Wapello 
county bar (in two or three important occa- 
sions; his greatest success was achieved about 
the year 1867, when he saved the neck of 
T'rogdon, who had committed a most brutal 
murder and robbery in this county. The evi- 
dence was complete; indeed, it was admitted 
that Trogdon had committed the crime, but 
Dean set up the plea of imbecility and secured 
a sentence of life imprisonment. The gal- 
lows was cheated! Dean made a wonderful 
argument in support of his plea; he had Trog- 
don before him and exhibited the prisoner's 

head to the jury; Trogdon had the physiog- 
nomy of the average cut-throat, and a certain 
peculiarity of the skull that Dean claimed to 
be a malformation. Those who heard it will 
never forget Dean"s dramatic presentation : 
pointing to the head of the murderer, he ex- 
claimed in piercing tones: "A defect! A de- 
fect! A defect!" He dwelt on this, and con- 
vinced the jury that the prisoner was not a 
responsible being. It was the triumph of ora- 
tory. Trogdon was a base murderer and 
deserved the gallows. Dean was one of the 
greatest orators that the West has produced; 
he was unique, original, and sometimes spoke 
as if he were inspired. 

AA' S. Coen, attorney-at-law, whO' died 
January 25, 1900, aged 53 years, was an ex- 
ample of an honest, industrious lawyer, who 
gained an enviable place at the county bar. 
He was a soldier of the Union and was seri- 
ously wounded ; he returned from the front, 
determined tO' become a lawyer. He had d 
hmited education, but acquired the habits of a 
student and was admitted to the bar with hon- 
ors. He had a brusque way about him that 
was not agreeable to all those he encountered, 
but all admired and respected him when they 
came to know of his many good cjualities. 



Diseases And Remedies of the Early Period — Primitive Doctors and Their 
Practices — The Profession as it is To-day. 

It is believed that the Indians did not suffer 
from some of the diseases tliat canje witli the 
advent of civihzation; they were either ac- 
chmated, or there were conditions produced by 
the cultivation of the soil that developed certain 
kinds of fevers. The decaying vegetation and, 
possibly, the pollution of streams from which 
the early settlers procured water for domestic 
purposes, also the privations to which they 
were subjected, the coarse food which they 
M^ere obliged to use, all contributed to make 
the country appear unhealthy at the beginning. 
The prevailing diseases were intermittent 
fevers, fever and ague or the "chills." There 
were but few doctors as compared with the ex- 
tent of territory that was inhabited; there were 
occasions when a physician had to be sum- 
moned that involved a horseback ride of 25 
or 30 miles ; and the settlers were thus taught 
that in ordinary cases they had to depend upon 
themselves and upon the aid given by simple 
remedies. Some of these settlers became 

c[uite proficient in the use of native herbs, roots 
and barks. The common remedy for coughs 
and colds was a decoction of wild cherry bark, 
simple syrup and whiskey. There were other 
barks and herbs that served to reduce fever. 
Fever and ague, or the "chills,' were very re- 
fractory and nothing but quinine seemed to be 
potent enough to do any good in such cases. 
At that time, there were no c[uinine tabloids, 
co\'ered with gelatine to remove the bitterness ; 
instead of the active principle, they used Pe- 
ruvian bark in a decoction with whiskey as the 
menstruum. In deed there were instances 
where more confidence was placed in the men- 
struum than in the bark, and it was used ac- 
cordingly. Cuts or wounds were treated with 
poultices, the only antiseptic being hot or cold 
water, and it is interesting to note that there 
were few cases of blood poisoning. There 
were no laws governing the practice of medi- 
cine and there sprang up self-made doctors, 
who carried immense saddle-bags stuffed with 



ill-smelling roots and herbs, and it is possible 
that many of the sick died from the want of 
proper medical attention. 

Among the earliest of competent physicians 
who came to the county was Dr. C. C. Warden, 
who had an extensive practice. Dr. Elbert, of 
Keosauc[ua, was eminent as a surgeon and was 
called in cases of delicate surgery. Among 
other early physicians was Dr. A. D. Wood, 
of Ottumwa ; later on came Dr. T. J. Douglass, 
who became eminent in his profession. Dr. 
S. B. Thrall came later than' did Dr. Douglass, 
and was highly esteemed as a physician. The 
same good words can be said of Dr. J. AVill- 
iamson and old Dr. Heuvel, an eccentric but 
learned Hollander, generally known as the 
"Old Dutch Doctor," who was among the last 
of the physicians who practiced bleeding, 
though not indiscriminately. Dr. D. A. La 
Force came still later, as well as Dr. Charles 
G. Lewis, who became eminent as physicians. 

Meanwhile the character of prevailing diseases 
changed, but the doctors of Ottumwa and Wa- 
pello county ha^'e kept well in line with the ad- 
vance of medical science, and are ranked high 
in the profession and in the various medical 
associations, state and national. 

The Wapello County Medical Association 
was organized in 1853 by Drs. C. C. Warden,. 
J. AA'illiamson, W. L. Orr, J. AA'. La Force, 
A. D. AA'ood and AA'eir. The president was 
Dr. C. C. AA'arden; vice-president. Dr. A. D. 
AA'ood; secretary. Dr. J. AA'illiamson. The as- 
sociation became defunct, but was reorganized 
in 1870, with Dr. AA'. L. Orr, president; Dr. 
T. J. Douglass, vice-president; and Dr. J. 
AA^illiamson, secretary. The present officers oi- 
tlie association are Dr. L. J. Baker, president;. 
Dr. F. AA'. Mills, vice-president; Dr. C. R. 
Russell, secretary; board of censors, Drs. B.. 
AA". Searle, A. O. Williams, J. F. Herrick. 



Sketches of Eldon, Agency City/ Eddyville, Kirkville, Dahlonega, 
Chillicothe and Blakesburc. 


Peter Mulvany, who was one of the first 
business men of Eldon, wrote an address, 
which he dehvered at a celebration of the 
Fourth of July, in 1876, in which he gave a 
history of the first settlement of Washington 
township, including an account of the begin- 
ning of Eldon. The address was printed in the 
form of a pamphlet and few copies are now 
extant. AVe are under obligations to ]\Ir. and 
Mrs. E. T. Roland, of Eldon, for a loan of 
their copy of Mulvany's address, and from 
which we derive the history of the township 
and town prior to 1876. 

Mr. Mulvany says : "I have learned that 
where Eldon now stands and this valley reach- 
ing down to lowaville was the scene, in 1827, 
of a most terrible battle that Indian tradition 
has handed down in this state. It was fought 
by the old tribe of Iowa Indians and the Sac 
and Fox tribes, which resulted in almost the 
complete extermination of the lowas. Soon 

after this battle, James H. Jordan came to this 
locality, in 1828, as a trader with the Sac and 
Fox Indians. Black Hawk, the chief of the 
tribe, informed Mr. Jordan of his trouble with 
the lowas as follows : One of the Sac and Fox 
Indians killed one of the Iowa tribe, and the 
chief of the latter demanded the 'transgressor.' 
Black Hawk delivered him up where Eldon is 
now built ; Black Hawk and his men bid the 
'transgressor' farewell and left him singing his 
death song, then proceeded on their way to 
Rock Island; they camped for the night on 
the Skunk (or Checaucjua) Ri\-er, and at mid- 
night were alarmed \)y a horseman, when the 
'transgressor' soon rode up to the camp, the; 
lowas having released him and given him a 
horse after they had held a council. This 
seemed to be very generous on the part of the 
lowas, but soon after this the two tribes had 
a serious difficulty, and Black Hawk, with his 
war chief Pashepaho, marched from Rock Isl- 
and to the lowaville bluffs, and in two di- 
visions, at the signal of a gun, attacked the 



lowas, cutting them off from their town, and 
fought a terrible battle, which resulted in the 
total defeat and flight of the lowas to the 
woods, where Eldon now stands; they after- 
wards retreated to Snake Ridge or Council 
Bluffs, leaving the Sacs and Foxes in posses- 
sion of the valley." 

It is probable that the United States Gov- 
ernment interfered and compelled the Sacs and 
Foxes to make some kind of restitution to the 
lowas, as will appear from the following para- 
graph from !\Ir. Mulvany's address : 

"Long after this, in 1838, Black Hawk in- 
vited the lowas to a council on the prairie at 
Mr. Jordan's. They attended, and Black 
Hawk, after making friendly terms \^•ith them, 
presented the chief with 300 horses, 1,000 
blankets and some other things, which they 
immediately took with them, back to Snake 
, Ridge, near Council Bluffs." 

Mr. Muh-any then proceeds : "Black Hawk 
lived within three rods of Mr. Jordan's. In 
September, 1838, he took sick and sent for his 
friend, Mr. Jordan, who went to see him ; he 
said he had been \'er3' ill for fourteen days, and 
that the Indian doctor could not cure him. He 
requested Mr. Jordan to go to Fort Edwards 
(now AVarsaw) for a white doctor. Mr. Jor- 
dan replied that he had to go to Rock Island 
to a treaty, and would have to bid Black Hawk 
farewell. Black Hawk then presented Mr. 
Jordan with his sword, bowie knife and whip, 
and said he wished to be buried in the full dress 
of a warrior chief, in the grove near where he 
lay. He died soon after, leaving a wife, two 
sons and two daughters, who buried him as re- 

quested, in full dress, blue cloth regimentals, 
military hat with ostrich feather, gold epaulets 
on shoulders, sword belted on, sword cane in 
hand and three silver medals on his necklace. 
One of these medals was given him by the 
British, with blankets to the value of $5,000, 
to induce him to join them in their war with 
the United States ; he did join them, but find- 
ing that he would have to fight under command 
of British officers, he returned home with his 
warriors. The second medal was presented to 
him by President Madison, as a token of 
friendship. The third medal was presented by 
General Jackson, when Black Hawk was a 
prisoner at AA'ashington, after the close of the 
Black Hawk A\'ar. Jackson also presented him 
with the militai'ysuit in which he was buried, 
also the American flag, which was hoisted over 
his grave, and remained there till it wore out." 
Mr. Mulvany in his 'narration omits a de- 
scription of the mode of burial, but it is here 
given, from the testimony of Mr. Jordan : A 
slight excavation was made in the earth, but 
not more than two feet; a puncheon, or split 
log, was laid in this excavation with the end on 
which the head of the body was placed elevated 
at an angle of perhaps 30 degrees ; the chief 
was placed on this; blankets were spread over 
the body ; then there was a rude structure of 
puncheons set up in the form of a house roof, 
one end resting on the ground, the other end 
meeting at the top with a puncheon from the op- 
posite side. Then some earth was thrown up 
against the sides of the structure, as well as- the 
ends, but not enough to constitute a mound, 
nor any semblance of a mound. On the con- 



trar_\', when the roof had decayed and fahen, 
there \vas no elevation to mark the temporary 
resting place of the chief. Wheu the author of 
this w(jrk last saw it, there was a slight de- 
pression instead of an ele\-ation of earth. 

We again cjuote from Mr. Mulvany's ad- 
dress: "About a year after Black Hawk's 
death, a Dr. Turner, from Bonaparte, stole his 
remains and the \'aluables that were buried with 
him ; he took the bones to Alton, Illinois, to a 
doctor, to have them 'wired." Black Hawk's 
wife and children were much aggrieved at the 
action of Turner, and had JVIr. Jordan to write 
to "the Governor of the Territory, informing 
him of the facts. The two doctors disputed 
about the price of 'wiring,' and the Alton doc- 
tor informed Governor Lucas that he had the 
remains of Black Hawk, and would send them 
to him. The governor received them and wrote 
to Jordan that Black Hawk's family might go 
to his office in Burlington and get them. BlacK 
Hawk's two sons went and saw the skeleton 
of their father; they concluded, as the bones 
were hung in a nice, dry place, they would 
leave them there until the tribe would be ready 
to move to Fall River, Kansas, on the reserva- 
tion. The Governor's office was burned down 
before they moved and the skeleton was lost. 
In 1844-45 the Indians all left here for Des 
Moines, prior to their removal to the Kansas 

"Before the treaty with the Indians, John 
B. Groover, an honest, good-hearted Gerinan, 
settled here and claimed the land where Eldon 
is now built. He thought this v,/as included in 
the 'Old Purchase," but finding that the line did 

not go farther west than lowaville, he left, 
until after the 'New Purchase,' when he re- 
turned and claimed the same land : he built near 
where the round house now stands and lived 
there three }-ears, when he died, and was 
buried with two of his children near where John 
Drake now lives, and within a few yards of 
where we now stand at this celebration. The 
C. R. I. & P. Railroad was sur\'e)e(l over his 
gra\'e, and the graders, little k; owing or car- 
ing that he was the first settler here, dug up 
his bones and threw them out witli the exca- 
vated earth. 

"James H. Jordan, the gentleman to whom 
I am indebted for this information of tlie early 
history of this place, was born in ^Mercer coun- 
ty, Kentucky, on September 29, 1806, where 
his parents li\'ed and died. As I ha\'e stated, he 
came to this valley in 1828, as an Indian trader, 
and built a small house near the site of the fine 
dwelling that he and his family now occupy. 
In 1838 he married Frances Williams, of 
Boone county, Missouri, a lady of more than 
ordinary refinement ; he has two sons, H. C. 
and Victor P., and one daughter, Sarah, wife 
of Abraham Hinkle. The Indi? ,is offered him 
10 miles scjuare of this valley before the gov- 
ernment purchase, but he did not take it ; he 
had, however, to content himself afterward 
with three or four thousand acres. 

"In June, 1837, William Betterton arrived 
in this valley from Elkhart county, Indiana. 
He bought a claim that is now known as the 
Haigler farm, from Peter Avery, for $250 in 
gold, and lived on it only four years, when the 
government troops under command of Cap- 



tain Beach, of the Agency, burned his house 
and property, destroyed his crops, and left him 
in a desolate condition. He fled to Jefferson 
county, on the 'Old Purchase,' and when the 
'New Purchase' was made, he came back to 
this valley and entered 330 acres of land in this 
township, where he lived until March 13, i860, 
when he died, leaving two sons and six daugh- 
ters. Edwin is still living in this township, 
where he was born in 1840, and is one of our 
most respected citizens." 

Washington township (in which Eldon is 
located) is in the southeast corner of AA'apello 
county, joining Jefferson county on the east 
and Da\'is county on the south ; it was first 
taken possession of by the whites on the event- 
ful night of April 30, 1843, ^^ ^^ o'clock. At 
. I o'clock (before that) some of our citizens 
were busily engaged in blazing trees, setting 
stakes, burning brush, etc., to mark the bound- 
ary lines of their claims. Among these we 
may mention : John Mael, Mxlton W^right, 
James Acton, Reuben Myers, Anderson j\l}'ers, 
who served ten years as justice of the peace, 
Martin Fisher, Thomas Foster, .Irst treasurer 
of Wapello county, E. Cummins, whose fa- 
ther was the first American born in the State 
of Indiana, when the French had charge of the 
Vincennes garrison, in 1777; and James H. 
Cartwright, who came to this township in 
April, 1843, — 1^^ ^i^d lost a leg, and had the 
honor of being the central figure as justice of 
the peace in John Mulvany's celebrated paint- 
ing, "The Trial of a Horse Thief in a AA^estern 
Justice's Court," which has been valued in 

Chicago recently at $8,000, and which oc- 
cupied the "Place of Honor" in the gallery of 
the Lotus Club, in New York City. 

Soap creek flows into the Des Moines 
river at Eldon, section 34, in this township. 
The Des Moines river flows diagonally 
through this township; consecjuently half the 
land is well watered and heavily timbered, the 
remainder being a fertile prairie, producing 
corn, wheat, rye, oats and grasses, with po- 
tatoes and other vegetables and an abundance 
of fruit. The township is underlaid with beds 
of bituminous coal, which is being mined in 
different places. Concretionary limestone is 
found in the bed of the Des Aloines river, and 
fire clay and sand suitable for making brick are 
\'ery plentiful. There is a fall of from eight 
to 10 feet in the river about 100 yards west of 
Eldon, which, with very little expense, could 
be used for water power to good advantage. 

The township was organized into four 
school districts in 1844, each district being 
three miles square. The first school house was 
built in 1 844 in the northwestern district. John 
H. Nicholas was the first teacher; Thomas 
Foster, director; and G. B. Savery, secretary. 
Thomas Ping was the first justice of the peace. 
James Caldwell was the first constable. The 
first lawsuit was AA'oody vs. Grigg.sby. A 
large per cent, of the suits grew out of claim 
disputes. S. M. AA^right was the first coroner 
of the county. Silas Garrison was the first 
to deliver a religious discourse from the Bible, 
publicly, in this township. The first postoffice 
was opened by Thomas Ping, in the fall of 



1843. The first election took place at Ash- 
land, in October, 1843, where 50 votes were 

In consequence of the very wet season, the 
farmers were much distressed and had to go 
to Bentonsport Mills, 30 miles, to get flour. 
Reuben Myers and- Enos Moore organized the 
first Sabbath-school in the first school house 
built in the township. 

Ashland, or "Old Ashland," as it is now 
called, was once the center of commerce in 
Washington township. It was designed early 
after the influx of settlers, and promised to 
become a place of note. It was on the road 
to Agency from the south, being upon the 
southeast quarter of section 9. Tt grew apace, 
and boasted of numerous advantages over otlier 
towns. It was surrounded -by a rich agricult- 
ural region, and was settled by a good class of 
men. Thomas Ping was the owner of the plat, 
which was dated in 1845. The Methodist 
Episcopal church was organized there by Rev. 
Thomas M. Kirkpatrick, in 1843. In 1854 
the Ashland Seminary was established. It was 
tinder the auspices of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and was the first school of that char- 
acter in the county. It was managed by a 
board of trustees, and Lewis Dwight, for many 
j'ears a teacher in Greencastle College, Indiana, 
was engaged as principal. They had a good, 
substantial building of brick, 30 by 50 feet, 
and two stories high. There was a famous 
bank, and many other metropolitan institutions. 
In 1856 the place had three stores, a steam 
mill, a hotel (kept by Thomas Ping), two 

churches (Methodist Episcopal and Meth- 
odist), two physicians and a wagon and cooper 
shop. The town is now no more. Most of the 
lots are annually cultivated as farms. The 
failure to secure railroad lines killed the place. 

Eldon is situated on the north bank of the 
Des Moines River, section 27, township 71, 
range 12. Eldon owes its origin mainly to the 
old Keokuk & Des Moines Vallc). Railway, now 
a part of the C. R. I. & P. Railway system. A 
flag station was located on the site of the pres- 
ent town shortly after the road was opened, 
and named "Ashland Crossing." Subsequently, 
the little place was called "AVilliamsburg," and 
a postoffice established there, with Bert. Loftus, 
postmaster. In 1861 William Riordan settled 
on the site, and, with John Flynn, Timothy 
Ryan, Jere Keiff, and perhaps a few others, 
formed the beginning of the town. William 
Flint put up a sawmill. So the prospects of 
the place improved, and when the Chicago, 
Rock Island & Pacific Railroad pushed its 
southwestern division to this point, the fate of 
the town was decided. In 1870 the town of 
Eldon was laid out by Judge J. M. Love, Col. 
George Gillaspy, Hon. Edward Johnston, Col. 
William Leighton and George AA'illiams. The 
platting and surveying was done b^• O. Bald- 
win, of Keokuk. Among the first to settle there 
were James Bradley, Peter Mulvany, Martin 
Dooley, John Donohoe, W. H. Cross, Ed. 
Dibble, Patrick Russell, J. C. Nelson, and 

In 1872 Eldon was incorporated. The first 
officers were : D. K. Taylor, mayor ; John 



Donohoe, A. L. Twing, Adam Blair, J. C. Nel- 
son and F. X. Kopper, trustees; Ed. Dibble, 
recorder; Peter Mulvany, treasurer. 

The Catholic, Methodist Episcopal, Congre- 
gational and Baptist churches are well repre- 
sented in Eldon. Eldon is justly proud of its 
public schools. 

The postoffice was established at EH don in 
1870. E. T. Cummins was the first postmaster. 
E. T. Roland was the second incumbent of 
that office; the latter is now deputy postmaster 
under Hon. AV G. Crow. 

The newspaper record was hard to obtain, 
but it is believed to be substantially correct, as 
given : First came the Eldon Herald, estab- 
lished by Mr. Mprehouse, in i.he summer of 
1873. The effort failed after about three 
months' trial. Then came the Eldon Mes- 
senger, the publication of which was started 
about November i, 1875, by Mr. Messick, but 
this lasted only through six or seven weekly 
issues. Then appeared the Eldon Times, under 
the charge of Dr. J. E. Alverson, and a good 
paper he made of it, too, a fact attested by the 
life of the little journal. In June, 1876, Tunis 
Bentley became editor and ran the paper until 
July 2 1 St, when he changed the name to that 
of the Western Ne-n's. In the winter of 1877- 
78 Jesse Markee bought the office, but finally 
suspended the paper in April or May, 1878. 
The Eldon Rcviezv wag established in 1881 by 
E. H. Thomas, now the South Ottumwa post- 
master ; he sold out to C. E. & L. R. McKin- 
ney, in 1885, who still continue tne publication. 
The Eldon Graphic was established July 25, 
1891, by George W. Friend and M. P. Duffield. 

Mr. Friend purchased Mr. Duffield's interest 
in 1893, and changed the name of the paper to 
the Eldon Foriun. The paper is prosperous 
under Mr. Friend's management. 

On August 18, 1850, at the town of Black 
Hawk, Van Buren county, opposite lowaville, 
Pulaski Lodge, No. 28, I. O. O. F., was es- 
tablished, with 12 members. The location re- 
mained unchanged for more than two years, 
when, in October, 1852, the lodge was taken to 
lowaville, and the name changed to lowaville 
Lodge, No. 28. In 1863 it suspended work, 
and so remained until A'lay 26, '872, when 13 
n:embers, viz. : W. H. Cross, J. E. Alverson, 
B. F. A\'elch, T. M. Taylor, T. P. Kelley, T. 
Barnes, T. B. Allen, J. Beatty, E. T. Roland, 
D. Yeoder, J. C. Nelson, J. W. Nicholas and 
W. H. Nicholas, of Magnolia Lodge, No. 24, 
of Agency City, were granted the privilege of 
removing the lodge to Eldon, and changing the 
name to Eldon Lodge, No. 28 The charter, 
in accordance with the above, was granted Oc- 
tober 17, 1872, and, on the 27th of December, 
of that year, the lodge was removed to Eldon. 
There is a post of the G. A. R. md a lodge of 
the A. F. & A. M. in Eldon. 

The young town has met with more than its 
proportion of losses by fire. Ihe first heavy 
fire occurred on the morning of November 22, 
1875. It broke out in the Valley Hotel, in a 
building used as a saloon. The Parker House 
adjoining was next to take fire. This building 
was not used as a hotel, but two of the lower 
rooms were occupied as grocery stores and 
some of the upper rooms were also used for 
various purposes. The wind changed ana 



threw the flames toward the Ashland House, 
which was the property of the C. R. I. & P. 
Raih-oad, and was a very fine building, used as 
a depot hotel. The railroad ticket office and 
freight depot were the next to suffer, and were 
entirely consumed. The landlord of the Ash- 
land House was the heaviest indi\'idual loser by 
this fire. Very little of his personal property 
was saved. The total loss l)y the fire was not 
far from $10,000. The second hea\'y fire be- 
gan June 13, 1876, in J. D. Baker & Son's 
store, which was in a building o\^ned by Peter 
Faust. The flames were communicated to the 
buildings on the southwest, occupied by JJike 
Shanahan, thence to William Huston's proper- 
ty, and thence to the Iowa Hotel, which was 
occupied by N. W. jMcKee. The total loss 
was probably about $9,000, with $3,500 in- 
surance. In 1 89 1 a fire destroyed a number of 
buildings. The losses were as follows : Ritz, 
$1,000; George Earhart, $1,500; Dr. J. W. 
La Force, $2,000; L. Guggerty, $3,000; De 
Ford & Croddy, $1,500; partiahy insured. In 
1892 the Phoenix Block was burned, with the 
following losses : A. J. Sheffer, $3,000 ; H. 
C. Mason, $7,000; William Noviock, $1,800; 
Eldon Rcznci^<, $1,000; millinery, etc., $500; 
two grocery stores, $1,600; partial insurance. 
In 1893 fire destroyed the Depot Hotel, kept by 
Mr. Mosely, who lost $3,000; tiie loss on the 
building was $2,000; partially insured. 

On the night of Februar}' i, 1897, the 
Bradley Bank, J. L. Foungker, cashier, was en- 
tered by burglars and the safe robbed of 
$7,000. Two of the robbers were convicted 
and sent to prison. 


The earliest records of the beginning of 
Agency City are related in other parts of this 
volume. The town owes its origin to General 
Street, the Indian agent, who selected the lo- 
cality as a suitable place for the Indian agency. 
General Street was the. first In^'ian agent, but 
he died in 1840, and was succeeded by his sou- 
in-law, Major Beach. A sketch of the lives of 
these tw(j worthy men is incorporated in this 
work. The town began in 1843, soon after 
the 'New Purchase" was opened for settle- 
ment. The first store was opened by Shaphat 
Dwire, who became the first postmaster. Rev. 
B. ,\. Spaulding organized a Congregational 
church there, in 1844. Rev. Thomas M. Kirk- 
patrick organized the fir^t class in Methodist 
circles. Olive Branch Lodge, No. 21, A. F. & 
A. M., was instituted Jtme 6, 1850; the first 
officers were : C. P. Yeoman, M. ; William 
Griffin, S. W. ; S. E. Griggs, J. W. ; Luther M. 
Davis, S. D.; John Wiley, J. D. ; James AA'eir, 
secretary ; John Priest, treasurer ; AA'illiam 
Griggs, tiler. Magnolia Lodge, No. 24, I. O. 
O. F., was instituted October 27, 1852. The 
Encampment was chartered October 21, 1874. 
Gen. E. F. AA^inslow Post, No. 107, G. A. R., 
was organized November 28, 1882, and the 
following officers installed : Post commander, 
Capt. E. G. White; S. V. C, Eugene Chilson; 
J. V C, William J. Allen; Q. M., J. T. Rey- 
nolds ; surgeon. Dr. D. A. La Force ; chaplain, 
W H. H. Smith; O. D., J. O. A. Dawson; O. 
G., E. T. Allen; adjutant, H. B. Wagers; ser- 
geant major, J. S. Dunbar; O. M. S., H. C. 



Humbert. General Winslow took a great in- 
terest in this post and made valuable donations 
to it. Dr. M. L. Davis is the jDresent adjutant 
and contributed the facts relating to the history 
•of the post. 

The oldest known plat of the town is 
-dated November 10, 1848. The charter to the 
town was granted by County Judge J. H. Flint, 
January 6, 1859. The application for incor- 
poration was signed by a committee composed 
■of J. O. A. Dawson, B. B. Allen, J. T. Rowe, 
Thomas Lyon and Joseph R. Myers. The first 
■election was held in March, 1859, and the fol- 
lowing named officers were elected : Mayor, 
Jesse Brookshire; recorder, J. H. Cartwright; 
trustees, J. Q. A. Dawson, Edward Dudley, 
Samuel Packwood, M. Hixon, £. D. Blacky 
marshal, E. F.. Hoffstatter; treasurer, J. S. 
Wheaton. The mayors since that time have 
been Gideon Myers, R. Banks, J. T. Rowe,. J. 
Q. A. Dawson, Joseph Myers, E. G. AA^hite, N. 
A. AVoodford, Eh Allen, AA'illiam Shadford, 
AA' D. Horton, Robinson M3'ers, A. Roberts, 
A. L. Chamberlin, H. C. Humbert and J. F. 
Newell. The following have been the post- 
masters since Dwire : Joseph Myers, Dr. 
Johnson, H. B. AA'agers, who served fourteen 
years, E. T. Sage, J. T. Reynolds, John FuUen 
and George L. Nye, who holds the office at 

Among those most prominent as citizens of 
Agency City and Agency township, there were 
Edward and Charles Dudley, AA'alter Connelly, 
Hugh Connelly, John FuUen, J. S. Wheaton, 
H. C. Humbert, Maj. S. K. Creamer, H. C. 

Van Zant, Major Beach, Thomas Wilcoxson, 
John Q. A. Dawson, John Phillips, George L. 
Nye, David Farnswortth, N. A. Woodford, 
Charles Connelly, James Stevens, J. M. Mur- 
ray, David Sautbine and George Reynolds and 
his sons, J. T., AA^ C. and AA' H. The most 
prominent citizen of Agency, who has made a 
mark in civil life, was Hon. Charles Dudley, 
who was born near Bangor, Maine, September 
16, 1 81 3, and died at Agency City, August 25, 
1880. Mr. Dudley came to the county in 
1844. He represented AA^apello county in the 
nth, 1 2th and 13th general assemblies; was 
temporary speaker of the 12th assembly; 
chairman of the claims committee of the 12th 
and 13th, and was a member of the ways and 
means committee. He guarded the State treas- 
ury so closely that he was given the name of 
"Economy" Dudley. In 1871 he was appoint- 
ed a member of the board of capitol commis- 
sioners, charged with the duty of erecting the 
new state house, involving an expenditure of a 
million and a half of dollars. In each public 
position he served with ability and rugged in- 
tegrity. Mr. Dudley was a man of more than 
ordinary force of character and was honored 
and respected by men of all political parties. 
He was a leading member of the Free AA^ill 
Baptist church and contributed liberally of his 
means to church purposes. 

It is a fact not generally known, that the 
buildings and improvements of the old Indian 
agency were made through the aid of slave 
labor. The contractor was a Missourian, who 
owned a large number of slaves and he brought 

WAPELLO COUNTY SCENERY--Between Sugar Creek and Agency City. 

A channel is cut by the water, several inches deep, in the solid rock. It iii an intarestinfi probljni to calculate how manj- years have 
elapsed since the rushing rivulet began its work. 



them into the Territory of Iowa and held them 
here to service and labor, during the erection of 
the agency buildings. 

At Agency City, in the Fullen Grove, is 
held the annual meeting of old settlers. Those 
who have gathered there in the past will not 
forget John Fullen, owner of the grove, who 
always took such an interest in these reunions. 
He was a good citizen in all the word implies. 

The first newspaper published at .Vgency 
City was the Newsboy, by William Axline, in 
1869, which paper was discontinued. The 
next paper was the Independent, by C. L. More- 
house; in 1875 the paper was managed by AV. 
F Moeller. On February 14, 1878, Charles J. 
Best became proprietor. During the time -Air. 
Best was publisher he published Major Beach's 
narrations, and if he had done no more than 
this he is entitled to the gratitude of the people 
of Wapello county for his thoughtfulness and 
enterprise. The paper is no longer published. 


J. p. Eddy, of Warren county, Ohio, was 
the first settler on the site of the present Eddy- 
ville; he was an Indian trader and opened a 
store in 1841, and sold scalping knives, sad- 
dles, calico, beads, coffee, sugar and other 
articles to the Sac and Fox Indians, who were 
located on the Des j\I(jines river. Hard Fish 
was chief of the band that was located near 
Eddy's trading point. Mr. Eddy had a grant 
from the government to 640 acres of land, and 
he laid off 160 acres of it into a town plat, and 
called it Eddyville. It lies in the corner of 

Wapello, Monroe and Mahaska counties. Mr. 
Eddy remained there until 1844, when he re- 
moved to St. Louis. He was the first post- 
master of the town. Mr. Edd} built a school 
house and donated it to the town that bears his 
name. He converted his Indian trading house 
into a store for white settlers, but sold out the 
stock to E. D. Fish. Richard Butcher was a 
clerk for Mr. Eddy in the trading house days, 
and afterward established a store of his own 
in connection with William Cox, the firm name 
being Butcher & Cox. The first commissioners- 
.to represent the county were elected August 18, 
1844; they were James M. Montgomery, 
Lewis F. Temple and Charles F. Harrow. J. 
H. Benedict came to the locality in 1843; he 
built a sawmill and was elected justice of the 
peace. He joined in marriage the first couple, 
— James AA^ilson and Catharine Steele. In 
j8/|7 the town had increased to 20 families, and 
Benedict built a gristmill, in connection with 
his sawmill. Among those who had settled 
there were J. T. Wiley, Nicholas Scribner,. 
Walter Clement, the sur\'eyijr, AA'illiam Dun- 
lap, B. H. Palmer, David Campbell, Robert 
Akins, James Amos, Richard Butcher, Dr. 
Fish, Milton Fish, \A\ T. Caldwell, Dr. Nosier, 
Dr. Ross, Homer D. Ives, William Cox, Mar- 
tin Tucker, John B. Gray, Joseph Roberts and 
R. \Y. Boyd. • 

Martin Tucker opened the first hotel in an 
abandoned Indian wigwam ; this was about 
1843 or 1844. The first ph}'sicians were Dr. 
Ross, in 1843; Dr. Fish, in 1845: and Dr. 
James Nosier, in 1846. The first blacksmith- 
ing work was done by J. W Caldwell and J, 



T. Wiley. Li 1843 ^ steamboat passed by on 
the way to Fort Des Moines, with soldiers for 
the post. A. J. Davis ran a flatboat to St. 
Louis in 1847, ^.nd in 1849 another flatboat 
"sailed" for St. Louis under the command of 
Captain Carnes. Li 1855 B. H. Palmer 
equipped the "Ben Buster," a sloop-rigged ves- 
sel, with sails, laden with produce, and made 
the trip to St. Louis and returned after many 
days. The first child was born to Mr. and -Mrs. 
J. \y. Caldwell ; it was a son, named George. 
A\'alter Clement was the first school teacher 
and survejfor. 

John M. Fish was the pioneer in the lumber 
business, in i860; he must have prospered, for 
he started the first bank in Eddy vi lie three years 
later. Joseph Perry made wagons as early as 
1853. There was a pottery conducted by J. M. 
McNamee in 1847, which existed until 185 1. 
There was a woolen mill in 185'' , conducted by 
James Brady; the motive power was oxen, on 
an inclined wheel. The first toll bridge was 
built in 1855-56, at a cost of $30,000, by a 
company consisting of Dr. Nosier, S. A. 
A\'elch, Elijah Quillen, H. H. Williams. J. T. 
AA'iley, Joseph Roberts, Sr., and J\Iary Ives. 

The Eddyville Mutual Institute was or- 
ganized in 1849, with such members as Homer 
D. Ives, Rev. Hitchcock, Dr. Fish, R. W. 
Boyd, W. H. Dunlap, Walter Clement, H. H. 
AA'illiams, AA' M. Allison, Robert Coles and 
W. H. Cross. The first town election was held 
on Monday, May i, 1857. The following offi- 
cers were elected: Mayor, Dr. F. H. Buck; 
recorder, E. L. Smith; treasurer, F. R. Man- 
ning; marshal, Benjamin S. Slemmons. 

Mr. Eddy built the first church edifice, 
which was free to all denominations. The 
Methodists .built in 1848, and erected a brick 
church in 1862. Rev. B. A. Spaulding, one of 
the "Iowa Band," came in 1844 as a missionary 
of theCongregational denomination ;.he labored 
until 1849, when he was relieved by Rev. 
Hitchcock. Rev. J. G. Schafer, a Lutheran 
minister, began his labors in 1844, and in 
1855 the society erected a building. The Bap- 
tists were organized under Rev. Moses H. 
Post, but in 1846 or 1847 ^^ went to Pella, 
where he died. Rev. Post was a fair example 
of the missionary spirit of the Baptists; prior 
to the time he came to Eddyville, he was a 
pioneer preacher in Davis county. The Cath- 
olics established a church at Eddyville, through 
the efforts of Father John Ivreckel ; the first 
priest was Father Feely. 

The I. O. O. F. Lodge was chartered July 
5, 1850, its members then being John Cline, 
Dr. AA'^arner, Dr. Buck, AA'illiam H. Diinlap 
and AValter H. Cross. The charter and all the 
records were burned December 6, 1873, and 
in October, 1874, a new charter vras granted. 
Eddyville Lodge, No. 74, A. F. & A. M., was 
organized June 5, 1856, the charter members 
being AVilliam Thompson, \Y. M. ; Thomas 
Ogden, D. A\' Corwin, Henry Graves and 
James Sherrod. The charter was burned. De- 
cember 6, 1873, and renewed soon after. John 
AVilcox Post, No-. 138, G. A. R., was organized 
February 13, 1883, with the following charter 
members : F. M. Epperson, A. M. Lafferty, J. 
C. Logan, R. M. Young, W. A. Edwards, 
Hiram McKim, D. H. Hudso:i, Silas Chase, 


J 47 

William Allison,, W. A. York, William Spen- 
cer, H. C. Beamer, F. R. Barnett, J. P. Totman, 
W. L. Palmer, J. M. Ryan, E. G. Wellman, O. 
H. Vance, Samuel Stuart, J. B. Mummert, Na- 
thaniel Totman, John Kirkpatrick, H. M. 
Sparks, H. G. True, John Jager, J. M. AA'elch. 

The public school records were destroyed 
by fire prior to 1873. Walter Clement had 
taught a school at an early date ; it is on record, 
however, that on August 25, 1858, a school 
meeting was held. Peter Knox, T. C. Ogden 
and Daniel Zollars were present. In 1867 a 
school house was built at a cost of $18,000. 
Eddyville has always maintained public schools 
in line with the march of progress. 

J. W. Norris established the first newspa- 
per, the Free Press, August 11, 1853; it was 
neutral in politics; upon Mr. Norris' retire- 
ment, he was succeeded by J. V. Meeker. Ben- 
jamin H. Palmer then became proprietor, with 
William H. Allison as editor. The paper was 
then called the Coniincrcial. Robert McGone- 
gal leased the ofBce, and continued the publi- 
cation of the Coniincrcial for a time; it was 
discontinued after three years of life. J. T. 
Cooke then started the Observer, but it soon 
ceased to exist. Melick & O' Council started 
the Star, published it about three years, and 
sold it to Charles Sherman; it was discontin- 
ued. In 1868 Melick & Bitner started the In- 
dependent, but it soon suspended; the material 
was sold to a Air. Straight, who started the 
Des Moines Valley Gazette. Maj. John W'il- 
cox bought an interest, and Mr. Straight re- 
tired; Major Wilcox conducted the paper until 
1872, when it was discontinued. In February, 

), William L. Palmer, son of Benjamin H., 
established the Advertiser, a Republican paper. 
In June, 1865 W. A. Fast and J. T. Sherman 
began the publication of the Advance, a Demo- 
cratic organ ; it was changed into a Greenback 
paper, Mr. Fast retired and A. Cross became 
identified with the paper until the office was 
destroyed by fire in November, 1873. The 
Eddyville Tribune became the successor of all 
these publications; it is now in its fifteenth 
year and is published by \Y. W DeLong, the 
postmaster. Tliere have been so many changes 
in the newspapers that it has been \-ery difficult 
to obtain accurate information. It is believed 
that the above statement is substantially cor- 

Eddyville has been blessed with men who 
have been enterprising enough to do all that 
seemed necessary for public use's and to supply 
public demands. Mills were erected at an early 
day, for grinding corn and afterward, wheat. 
The Riggs, father and son, have been engaged 
in the milling business since 1865 ; in 1867 John 
M. Fish, Robert Cooper and George Bliss & 
Company built the Star Mills, at a cost of $29,- 
000. Manning & Caldwell were the propri- 
etors of a pork packing house, in 1865, which 
v,-as operated until 1875. B. Walz started a 
brewery in 1868, but it no longer exists. 

Three fires of considerable magnitude have 
afflicted Eddyville. The first occurred in 1866, 
destroying the depot buildings ?nd two freight 
warehouses, involving a loss of $50,000. On 
December 6, 1873, fire destroyed the store of 
Fish & Dunlap, the store of Dunlap & Com- 
pany, store of S. T. Caldwell, Chamberlin's 



store, and the house of Roberts Brothers. The 
depot of the C. R. I. & P. Railroad was de- 
stroyed in 1875. Other fires of more or less 
importance have occurred since. The fire 
which destroyed the stores of Manning & Ep- 
person and of D. H. Harper and Mr. Kibley's 
bakery, took place April 4, 1888. The bridge 
over the Des ]\Ioines River \\'as erected by the 
Seevers Manufacturing Company, of Oska- 
loosa, in 1887. Samuel T. Caldwell died Au- 
gust 25, 1878. The flood of 1851, in the month 
of ]May, is memorable in the annals of Eddy- 
ville and all the country adjacent to the river. 
It is said that the water rose to the height of 
35 feet above low water mark, Eddy\'ille was 
almost entirely submerged and the people 
sought safety on the bluffs and in the upper 
story of a mill. In 1861 Johnson, a Virgin- 
ian, stabbed and killed Vance; it was the re- 
sult of a dispute as to the cause of the Civil 
AVar. Johnson was acc[uitted; he was found 
dead, two years afterward, by the road side, 
about 10 miles south of Ottumwa. There was 
another murder committed in 1862, growing 
out of war troubles. Harding shot and killed 
John Powell, a Kentuckian. Harding was ar- 
rested, but escaped and entered the Union 
army, where he attained the rank of captain. 
In the autumn of 1862 a Mrs. Craven shot and 
killed James Humphrey. The woman escaped 
by what was regarded as perjury on the part of 
a witness, and was not even indicted. 


Kirkville is in Richland township, one of 
the first organized (in 1844) in the county, and 

is a rich agricultural region. The first re- 
ligious society organized was the Methodist 
church by Rev. Thomas M. Kirkpatrick, in 
1844; the first church building was erected in 
1852; the next was dedicated in 1870. Kirk- 
ville became prosperous during the period that 
the coal mines were operated in that vicinity, 
and at one time contained a population of 500 ; 
the mines, however, were abandoned and the 
town consec[uently decreased in population, but 
it will always be a local business center, sit- 
uated as it is in a fertile region, where the 
farmers are all prosperous. The present pop- 
ulation is 402. 


The town of Dahlonega is in the township 
of the same name; it originated soon after the 
county was opened for settlement, in 1843, ^^^^ 
became quite a business center, claiming at 
one time a population of about 300, with three 
stores, a tavern and two small pork packing 
houses. Dahlonega at one time aspired to be 
the county seat, and petitions were circulated 
to effect that purpose, but Ottumwa held the 
position that nature designed it to hold, and 
Dahlonega languished. It is now but a hamlet, 
but it is in the midst of a rich agricultural 
region, inhabited by thrifty farmers. It was- 
the seat of the famous "Dahlonega Disturb- 
ance," which is mentioned elsewhere. 


This town is in Cass township, on the Des 
Moines river, and is connected with the busi- 
ness world by the C. B. & Q. Railroad. Ira 



February, 1845, -"'^- J- Wicker located on Avery 
creek, aiid in 1849 ^^^'^ o"t Chillicothe. The 
first house was built for Rev. A. J, Pierce, a 
Methodist minister. Mr. Wicker was a Meth- 
odist and gave all his influence in favor of that 
denomination, which has always been strong 
in that vicinity. The region was then a part of 
the White Breast Mission, which extended 
from Knoxville to, but not including the teri- 
tory now embraced in Solith Ottumwa. The 
first religious services held in the vicinity of 
Chillicothe were conducted by Rev. James F. 
New. Revs. William W. Knight and M. H. 
Hare were among the early preachers. Rev. 
^V. A. Nye was a local preacher of the same 
denomination. He was also a merchant in 
Chillicothe, and was elected treasurer of Wa- 
pello county. A. J. Wicker became the first 
postmaster in 1849. The first store estab- 
lished was by Peter Young. Afterward W. A. 
Nye & Son opened a general store. The Odd 
Fellows instituted Chillicothe Lodge, No. 115, 
in 1857. The first officers were : D. Hen- 
shaw, N. G.; N. W. Dowd, V. G. ; G. AY. 
Dickson, secretary; J. H. Griffith, treasurer. 
Jacob Myers, J. M. and J. E. Hull were prom- 
inent in the lodge as active members in later 


Blakesburg is 14 miles from Ottumwa, in 
Adams township, and is the center of one of 
the richest agricultural regions in southern 
Iowa ; it is also well located, in that it is near 
the corner lines of the four counties, Wapello, 
Monroe, Davis and Appanoose; it is on Wa- 

pello county soil, but the people of four coun- 
ties have a deep interest in it, because it is the 
town where they sell their stock and produce, 
where they purchase their supplies, where the 
merchants know them as well as though they 
lived next door to them. They have been 
trading in Blakesburg for many years, and the 
more they trade the better are they pleased 
and satisfied with Blakesburg business men. 
The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway 
passes through the town and connects it with 
the great business centers. Among the first 
settlers was the venerable Daniel Carl, whc 
located there in 1847, before there was any 
town or thought of a town. Air. Carl sayS' 
that the town was laid out in 1852 by The- 
ophilus Blake and Cyrus Van Cleve; the first 
merchants were Butcher & Van Cleve, and them 
came Leighton & AA'arden. The Leighton men- 
tioned was the father of A. C. Leighton, of 
Ottumwa, and the AA'arden was the venerable 
Dr. C. C. AA^arden, also of Ottumwa. ]\Ir. Carl 
was justice of the peace in Adams township 
thirty-four years. Judge Hendershott often 
said that Mr. Carl was the best justice in the 
county. Another good old citizen. Capt. S. G, 
Finney, who located in the vicinity in 1854,. 
lives only about a mile and a half from town,, 
but he is in Monroe county ; he and the Hursts 
and Sam Swiggett were Marylanders, and were 
relatives. Captain Finney has had a career of 
ad\'enture; he was an early California argo- 
naut, but for many years he has lived quietly 
and in peace on his excellent farm. He built 
the first brick house in Blakesburg, and it was 
built so well that it is now occupied by the 



Blakesbnrg Bank, which, by the wa)', is one 
of the soUd institutions of the county. BlaKes- 
burg is so well located that there will never be 
another town attempted near it; it is growing 
now, not rapidly, but steadily, and some of the 
Ibuildings would be creditable to any city in 
the state; there are several residences that dis- 
play excellent taste and architectural beauty. 
The Ijusiness houses are commodious and well 
:supplied with all that the county demands. 
.;Vmong other enterprising citizens may be men- 

tioned the Fritz Brothers, Dr. C. N. Udell, 
Frank Hardy, son of Captain Hardy, the Tins- 
leys, David Jay, William Day and S. L. Co- 
hagan. George Upp, who became a famous 
portrait painter, was raised in the township; 
also Thomas M. Upp, who is now a New York 
journalist. Allen Johnston, the distinguished 
inventor, whose devices for cutlery work are 
used all over America and in Europe as well, 
was raised in Adams township. 

WAPELLO COUNTY SCENERY--Bet-ween Sugar Creek and Agency City. 

Above the mouth of the cave is the well defined figure of a fashionably dressed woman, formed by the rock and foliat;e. 
occasionally disappears, to be again caught by the vision in a remarkable manner. It is in this sense a Puzzle Picture. 



Important Events, Worthy of Record, Chronicled — Laying of the Corner Stone 
OF the Carnegie Library Building — Record of the Deaths of Prominent 
Citizens of the County — Destructive Fires — Notable Crimes and Their 

Gas was introduced in Ottumwa in 1870 
by A. E. Swift & Company; they sold tlieir 
franchise to tlie Ottumwa Gas Light Company, 
— A. E. Swift was president and W. H. 
W'hitla, secretary and treasurer. Li 1875 the 
franchise and plant were transferred, and E. 
Tillottson was president; J. R. Murdock, vice- 
president; and Dwigiit Bannister, secretary 
and treasurer. On February 12, 1878, Mr. 
Bannister became president and acting secre- 
tary and treasurer; J. R. Murdock, vice-presi- 
dent. On January i, 1899, the franchise and 
plant were sold to Dows & Company, the pres- 
ent owners. 

Board of trade organized in Ottumwa Jan- 
uary 13, 1881; T. D. Foster, president. 

The wagon bridge over the Des Moines 
river at Ottumwa swept away by flood March 
26, 1881. 

Report of board of trade committee on 
Briscoe's Bear Creek gold mine : Assayer's 

report, — "Gold, none; silver, none." The 
committee was O. M. Ladd, J. G. Meek, S. H. 
Harper. January 7, 1882. 

John Scott, on August 18, 1883, fell from 
the top of the Sax building in Ottumwa, cor- 
ner of Main and Green streets, 68 feet, and no 
bones were broken; he recovered entirely. 

The new opera house was erected in 1890- 
91, at a cost of $50,000 ; $5,000 of this amount 
was contributed by citizens. The remainder, 
or $45,000, was furnished by members of the 
Opera House Company, named as follows : 
J. FL ]\Ierrill, Samuel Mahon, A. C. Leighton, 
A\'. R. Daum, J. W Garner, Charles Bigham 
and J. AV. and J. C. Jordan. The opera house 
has all the modern improvements. It was 
built by the enterprise and public spirit of 
members of the company, whose names appear, 
and is creditable to the originators and pro- 

The new court house, a stately structure. 



70 by 90 feet, four stories in height, was dedi- 
cated with appropriate ceremonies May 17, 
1894. The corner stone was laid September 
28, 1892. The offices were first occupied 
March 13, 1894. The cost of the building, 
was $140,000. Capt. \\\. H. C. Jaques pre- 
sided at the dedication and made a speech. 
Hons. H. B. Hendershott and E. H. Stiles 
delivered addresses. 

In July, '1896, Charles A. Walsh, of Ot- 
tumwa, was elected secretary of the Demo- 
cratic national committee, and, after serving 
four years, was re-elected in 1900 for the term 
of four years. 

The most recent old settlers' reunion was 
held at Fullen's Grove, Agency City, on Wed- 
nesday, September 18, 1901. An address of 
welcome was delivered by Mayor Humbert, of 
Agency City; this was responded to by Capt. 
S. H. Harper, president of the association. 
A\''. A. \A'ork delivered the principal address. 
There were short addresses also made by J. R. 
Burgess, A. Cain, Rev. J. T. Simmons, W. A. 
Mclntire, J. G. Meek and Capt. S. B. Evans. 
Captain Harper declined re-election, and the 
following officers were chosen : President, Ja- 
cob Lowenberg ; vice-president, David Jay ; 
secretary, A\',. H. H. Asbury ; treasurer, A. H. 
Hamilton; historian, J. L. Harmon; execu- 
tive committee, George L. Nye, W. A. Mc- 
lntire, David Jay, S. H. Harper, Elijah John- 
son. The township \-ice-presidents are as fol- 
lows : Agency, J. F. Newell ; Highland, 
George VV. Buckner ; Pleasant, Samuel Mc- 
Clurg ; Cass, John Swope ; Adams, John Heck- 
art; Keokuk, John McMillan; Richland, J. N. 

Barker; Competine, George W. Dickins: 
Dahlonega, John Giltner; Center, Capt. S. B. 
Evans; Washington, L. F. Newell; Columbia, 
Abraliam Stuber; Green, Samuel Randall. 

McKinley memorial services were held at 
Trinity Episcopal church Sqjtember 19, 1901, 
where Mayor Pickler delivered a short ad- 
dress, which was followed by a sermon by the 
rector. Rev. J. Hollister Lynch. Requiem 
mass was celebrated by Rev. Father J. O'Far- 
rell, of St. Patrick's church, assisted by Rev. 
Father Flenry Manniett, of the Sacred Heart 
church, and Rev. Father James McGillin, as- 
sistant priest of St. Mary's. Union memorial 
services were held at the opera house at 2 :30 
p. M., where the following program was 
carried out : Scripture reading by Rev. J. 
Hollister Lynch; prayer by Rev. Gunberg; ad- 
dresses by Capt. J. G. Hutchison, Rev. Father 
J. O'Farrell, Capt. S. B. Evans, Hon. A. M. 
Roberts. The opera house was crowded to 
its utmost capacity. There was appropriate 
music. The benediction was pronounced by 
Rev. F. F. Stoltz, pastor of the First Presby- 
terian church. 

Rev. F. F. Stoltz was formally installed as 
pastor of the First Presbyterian church, of Ot- 
tumwa, on Sunday, September 22, 1901. Rev. 
Dr. F. W. Hinitt preached the sermon and 
conducted the ceremonies. Rev. Dr. J. M. 
McElroy, of Ottumwa, delivered the charge 
to the new pastor; Rev. H. B. Knight deliv- 
ered the charge to the members of the church. 
Prayer was ofifered by Rev. D. A. Murray. 
Mr. McElroy was the first pastor of the church 
and still lives in Ottumwa. Mr. Knight was 



the second pastor, and is now connected with 
the Presbyterian College at Fairfield, Iowa. 
Dr. Ely, now of Des Moines, was the third 
pastor. Dr. Hinitt was the fourth pastor, and 
is now president- of Parsons College at Fair- 


The following account of the laying of the 
corner stone of the Carnegie Library building 
in Ottumwa is from the Ottuinn.<a Daily Demo- 
crat of September 21, 1901. In this account 
is a complete history of the building, its incep- 
tion, the names of the trustees and other mat- 
ters of interest concerning this important event 
in the history of the county : 

Not more than 100 persons witnessed the 
laying of the corner stone of the Carnegie 
Library building to-day. The audience con- 
sisted of the members of the board of trustees, 
the workmen employed on the building, a few 
semi-interested citizens and two representatives 
of the city press. There were no ceremonies 
of any sort. 

The stone had been placed almost in posi- 
tion earlier in the day by the workmen, and 
when the board members expressed readiness 
for the work to proceed Superintendent W. L. 
Wilson signaled for the engineer to "bring 
about the boom," and the mammoth arm 
swung tO' a position directly over the stone. 
The block and tackle was lowered, the "tongs" 
were fitted to the stone and the engineer was 
•given a signal to- "hoist away." The stone 

was raised a few inches, the bricks were taken 
from beneath it, and A. H. Ray, of Kansas 
City, one of the masons employed on the build- 
ing, spread the mortar. Then the stone was 
lowered again under the direction of Superin- 
tendent Wilsun. This was at 10:34 o'clock, 
and three minutes later it had been "trued" 
and the stone was pronounced by Superintend- 
ents AVilson and AA'ithall as "laid." The 
faces of the stone presented to view are each 
two feet and four inches long by 15^/2 inches 
in thickness, and they bear the simple figures 

The tin box, which the stone is to con- 
tain, was officially closed by President J. T. 
Hackworth at 10:21 o'clock, and later it was 
taken to a tinner by Superintendent George 
Withall and hermetically sealed. Its contents 
are: A copy of the Ottumn'a Daily Democrat 
and supplemental portraits of the late Presi- 
dent William McKinley and Mrs. McKinlev; 
copies of the Ottunizca Daily and Weekly 
Courier, Otfumzva Journal, Ottimn^.<a Satur- 
day Nezus, Ottumz^'a Independent, Saturday 
Herald; library ordinance passed by the city 
council ; copy of Mr. Carnegie's letter, agree- 
ing to donate $50,000 ; several coins of the fol- 
lowing denominations and dates — dollar, 
1896; half-dollar, 1900; quarter, 1899; dime, 
1900; nickel, 1900; penny, 1901 : Coal Palace 
coin, 1901 ; Columbian building medal, AA''orld's 
Fair, 1893; a marked Master Mason's penny; 
and the following history of the library, pre- 
pared by S. P Hartman : 

"On December 25, 1899, Robert H. Moore, 
wrote Andrew Carnegie, New York, asking if 



he would not include Ottumwa, Iowa, in the 
list of cities to \vhich money would be donated 
for a public library building. On January 6, 
1900, Mr. Carnegie made reply, asking if the 
city would provide an annual income of $5,000 
for maintenance if he would make a donation 
of $50,000 for the building, to which Mr. 
Moore replied, expressing Ottumwa's willing- 
ness to comply with the conditions. On Jan- 
uary 13, 1900, ]\lr. Carnegie replied, saying- 
he would donate $50,000 for the erection of a 
library building in Ottumwa, Iowa. 

"On Alay 16, 1900, a public meeting was 
held, at which time a recjuest was formulated 
and sent to the city council. On ]\'Iay 21, 
1900, a resolution calling for a special election, 
providing for the maintenance of a public li- 
brary by taxation, was referred to the city 
council. On June 4, 1900, the city council 
adopted a resolution calling a special election 
to be held June 19, 1900. Election held. The 
report of election showed the library proposi- 
tion to have carried by a majority of 240 
votes. On July 2, 1900, an ordinance, pro- 
\iding- for the establishment and maintenance 
of a public library, was introduced in the coun- 

"On July 20, 1900, Judge Eichelberger de- 
clared the election held June 19, 1900, illegal 
on technical grounds. August 6, 1900, the 
citizens, b}^ petition, asked the council to call 
another election. On September 3, 1900, the 
city council adopted a resolution ordering a 
special election to be held September 24, 1900, 
for the establishment and maintenance of a 
public library in the city of Ottumwa, Iowa. 

On October i, 1900, full returns from the 
special election were canvassed by the city 
council, and the library proposition was shown 
to have carried by a majority of 534 votes. 

"October i, 1900, the mayor named J. T. 
Hackworth, W. A. Mclntire, C. M. Myers, 
F. W. Simmons, George Withall, C. P. Brown, 
D. E. Chisman, J. J. Smith and S. P. Hart- 
man as a board of library trustees. The nom- 
inations were confirmed by the council. 

"On October 3, 1900, the library trustees 
met at the city hall for the purpose of organiz- 
ing. The oath of office was administered by 
r\Ia}-or T. J. Phillips. Permanent organiza- 
tion was effected by the election of J. T. Hack- 
worth as president and S. P. Hartman as sec- 
retary. Andrew Carnegie, being furnished 
with a complete copy of the various proceed- 
ings, replied January 3, 1901, that he had in- 
structed his cashier to honor the draft of the 
proper persons to the extent of $50,000, which 
sum should be used for the construction of a 
library building. 

"Grounds for the building were purchased 
from the estate of AMlliam Daggett, deceased, 
for the sum of $7,000, and architects were in- 
vited to submit plans and specifications for a 
suitable library building. The drawing sub- 
mitted by Architects Smith & Gutterson, of 
Des Moines, Iowa, was accepted March 15, 
1 90 1. Contract for the construction of the 
building was let to Bartlett & Kling, of Keo- 
kuk, Iowa, Alay 15, 1901, and the contract for 
the plumbing and heating was let to the firm 
of AA'ise & Thompson, of Ottumwa, Iowa, on 
the same date. 



"George Withall, of Ottumwa, Iowa, was 
superintendent, representing the board of trus- 
tees. \y. L. Wilson, of Chicago, Illinois, was 
superintendent of construction, representing 
Bartlett & Khng, of Keokuk, Iowa. 

"The corner stone of the building was laid 
September 21, 1901. 

"Signed: J. T. Hackworth, S. P. Hart- 
man, F W. Simmons, W. -V. Mclntire, D. E. 
Chisman, C. ;\I. M}-ers, George Withall, J. J. 
Smith and C. P. Brown. (Last two by S. P. 
Hartman, secretary.)" 


AV /v. Jordan, founder of the mercantile 
house of \Y. A. Jordan's Sons, at Ottumwa, 
died May 26, 1873, aged fifty-three years. He 
came here in 1868. Mr. Jordan was a man of 
great business ability, and possessed, as well, 
of wide information on general subjects. He 
was well versed in the laws pertaining to busi- 
ness, and had a general knowledge of legal 
principles, which he acc|uired during a suc- 
cessful business life. 

Col. George Gillaspy died January 30, 
1875 ; he was born in Kentucky, July 15, 1814. 

\y. H. Resor, ex-mayor of Ottumwa, died 
January 2y, 1880. James Hawley, Jr., died 
April 20, 1880. 

Nathaniel Bell died February i, 1881. 
Paul Caster, magnetic healer, died April 18, 
1881. Joseph Hayne died July 25, 1881. Dr. 
J. L. Taylor died July 30, 1881. Dr. James 
Nosier died at Eddyville, August 16, 1881. 

J. W. Norris, at one time editor of the Ot- 
tinnz^'a Courier, died March 3, 1882. 

Simon Chancy, at one time sheriff, died 
June 12, 1883, in the fiftieth year of his age. 

Gen. John M. Hedrick, \\ho died October 
3, 1886, was born in Rush count)-, Indiana, 
December 16, 1831. He distinguished him- 
self in the Ci^•il Wzv as colonel of the 15th 
Regiment, bjwa \'olunteer Infantr\-, was 
v><:;undecl se\erel_\' at Shiloh, and again on the 
2d of Jul)-, 1863, before Atlanta. He was 
breveted brigadier general for his gallantry in 
the field. At the close of the war he returned 
home and was made postmaster of Ottumwa 
and, afterward, superxisi.r of internal revenue. 
He was also one of the editors and proprietors 
of the Ottunviva Courier for a time. General 
Hedrick inaugurated street railroads in Ot- 
tumwa, and was alwa)'s prominent in public 
enterprises. He was very prominent in the 
movement that secured the C. ;M. & St. P. 
Railway for Ottumwa. His death resulted 
from paralysis, superinduced by wounds re- 
ceived in battle. 

Thomas J. Potter, \-ice-president of the 
Union Pacific Railroad, died at the citv of 
Washington, D. C, Alarch 9, 1888. He was 
born in Carroll county, Ohio, August 16, 1840; 
his parents were John and Nancy Potter, who 
became residents of Ottumwa, and here he 
spent several years of his life. He was finally 
employed as station agent on the line of the 
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad at 
Albia, Iowa, and from that position his rise 
was rapid, as well as deserving-. He was at 
length made general manager of the Burling- 



Ion system, with headquarters at Chicago, a 
position he resigned to assume the place of 
vice-president and general manager of the 
Union Pacific. It was under his administra- 
tion of the affairs of the Burlington road that 
it became one of the great sj'stems of the 
country; it was under his policy, too, that the 
■officials of the road took such personal interest 
in the towns and cities reached by that system 
.as to give that corporation great influence and 
popularity among the people. This policy 
survi\'es and is manifested among all the offi- 
cials of the road who' come in contact with the 

J. W. Dixon, who represented ^YapeIlo 
county twO' terms in the Iowa legislature, and 
was secretary of the State Senate, and a prom- 
inent lawyer, died January i, 1889. 

John Gurley Baker died at Ottumwa Jan- 
uary 17, 1890, aged seventy-iive years. Mar- 
tin Dickens died in Competine township March 
I, 1890, aged seventy-eight years. John \V. 
Hedrick died July 4, 1890; he served as a 
member of the general assembly from Wapello 

P. G. Ballingall died at sea, off the coast 
of China, while on a tour around the world, 
on March 7, 1891 ; his body was taken to 
Hong Kong and buried temporarily, but the 
remains were finally brought to Ottumwa and 
buried in the cemetery. The funeral cere- 
monies were largely attended by citizens of* 
the county and by sympathizing friends from 
other parts of the State. Colonel Ballingall 
served four years in the State Senate from Wa- 

pello county and several terms as a member 
of the city council of Ottumwa. 

E. L. Burton, a prominent lawyer of Ot- 
tumwa, and who served two terms as judge of 
the District Court, died January 22, 1895. 

Col. . Dwight Bannister, a gallant officer 
in the Union army, died January 30, 1899, at 
Ottumwa. J. W. Mclntire, ex-sheriff of Wa- 
pello county, died at Ottumwa, February 18, 
1899, aged forty years. Paris Caldwell, one 
of the first settlers in the county, died at Ot- 
tumwa, March 5, 1899, aged eighty-one years. 
Rev. John Kreckel, the oldest Catholic priest 
in Ottumwa, died June 19, 1899. Lewis 
Hills, Union soldier and business man, died 
at Ottumwa, July 14, 1899. A. L. Graves 
died at Ottumwa, July 15, 1899, aged seventy- 
seven years. Dr. T. J. Douglass, of Ottumwa, 
eminent as a physician, died September 2, 1899. 
Aaron Melick, newspaper writer, died Oc- 
tober 13, 1899, at Ottumwa. George Gris- 
wold died November 21, 1899, at Ottumwa. 
Saumel D. Pierce died November 25, 1899, 
aged seventy-two years. 

AV. S. Coen, of Ottumwa, lawyer, died 
January 25, 1900, aged fifty-three years. 
William Daggett, a prominent business n:^an, 
died at Ottumwa, February 26, 1900, aged 
se\'enty years. Joseph M. Kiser died April 
29, 1900, aged sixty-two years; he had lived 
in Y'apello county thirty-six years. Daniel 
Zollars died at Ottumwa, September 3, 1900, 
aged ninety-t\\-o years; he had lived in Wa- 
pello county forty-six years. Y". T. Harper, 
Sr., died October 15, 1900, aged sixty-seven 



years ; he had Hved in Wapello county forty- 
six years. 

John Fullen died January 2, 1901, aged 
sixty-eight years; he had lived in Wapello 
county forty-two years, the greater part of 
the time at Agency City. Frank O'Neill died 
February 7, 1901, aged sixty-six years. G. A. 
Roemer died March 21, 1901, at Ottumwa, 
aged eighty- four years ; he had lived in Wa- 
pello county fifty-six years. David Gephart 
died June 21, 1901, aged eighty-two years; he 
had lived in Wapello county fifty-two years. 
Dr. B. F. Hyatt, member of the city council of 
Ottumwa, died June 29, 1901, aged sixty- 
three years; he had lived in Wapello county 
thirty-two years. Rev. Charles E. Brown 
died July 23, 1901, aged eighty-eight years; 
he had lived in Iowa fifty-nine years. Edwin 
Manning, a citizen of Keosaucjua, but owner 
•of a majority of stock in the Iowa National 
Bank, of Ottumwa, died at his residence in 
Keosauqua, August 16, 1901, at the age of 
ninety-one years. W. W. Pollard, an honored 
citizen of Ottumwa, was stricken with death in 
St. Mary's Catholic church on Thursday,- Sep- 
tember 19, 1901, whither he and his wife had 
gone to attend the memorial services relating 
to the burial of President McKinley. He was 
about sixty-seven years of age, and was an 
■elder in the First Presbyterian church. 


The fire of October 30, 1868, was a great 

■calamity to Ottumwa. When the comparative 

infancy of the town is considered, the appall- 

ing character of this conflagration will be un- 
derstood. Twenty-two buildings in the heart 
of the city were consumed, involving a loss of 
about $400,000. The fire was discovered at 
I o'clock Friday morning, October 30, 1868, 
•in Charles Betts' hat and cap store, on the 
south side of Main street. Those who suf- 
fered by the fire were J. A. Schworm, Henry 
& Haw, J. Prugh & Company, F. W. & J. 
Hawley, Cope & Porter, \V C. ]\Ioss, Jr., & 
Company, T. Neville, C. C. Peters & Com- 
pany, D. M. Harmon, Thomas Devin & Son, 
H. C. Grube, Adolph Kaiser, Clark & Tuttle, 
H. Nunamaker, J. G. Meek, J. Leighton, 
George Brandenburg, F. W. Smith, Charles 
Betts, W. D. Earl & Brother, Michael Ma- 
guire, J. Loomis, Dr. C. C. Warden, Shreve 
& Yates, L. Danbaum, Dr. J. L. Taylor, J. W. 
Huggins, E. Wjashburn, P C. Daum, James 
Hawley, Sr., George Godfrey, William Kraner 
and others. The total insurance was $225,- 

A fire occurred January 22, 1873, which 
destroyed about $142,000 worth of property. 
It originated in the third story of the building 
occupied by W. A. Jordan & Sons in the Union 
Block, as a clothing store and tailoring estab- 
lishment. The block was the pride of the 
city, and in less than three hours it was a mass 
of ruins. The flames communicated to all 
parts of the block, and involved the loss of 
property owned as follows : D. Eaton, on the 
corner of Main and Green streets, loss $8,000; 
insured for $5,500. Eatan & Arthur, furni- 
ture, loss $5,000 ; insured for value. J. H. 
Merrill, building, loss $7,000 ; insured for 



$5,000. J. H. Merrill & Company, groceries, 
loss $25,000; insured for value. W. A. Jor- 
dan & Sons, building, loss $7,000; insured for 
$3,000; loss on dry goods, $20,000; insured 
for \'alue. A. Simpson, building, loss $7,000 ; 
no insurance. Egan & Harper, hardware, 
loss $12,000; insured for $10,000. R. N. 
Harlan, building, loss $7,000 ; insured for $4,- 
000. S. B. Fuller, dry goods, loss $3,000 ; in- 
sured for $2,000. J. AV & G. .\. Huggins, 
building adjoining the Union Block, loss $15,- 
000; insured for $9,000. 1 he Harlan Build- 
ing was occupied by Mrs. Frances AA'illiams 
and Miss Mary King as millinery shops, — loss 
$500 ; also I33' ]\Ir. Friedlander as residence, — 
loss $400; and by J. M. AA'allace as a photo- 
graph gallery, — loss $1,000. No insurance on 
any of the following losses: Dr. H. B. Sisson 
lost his dental furniture, value $800, and J. W. 
Da\'}', clothing, etc., value $400, in the Jdrdan 
Building. W. B. Ketcham & Company, gro- 
cers, had a stock in the rear of Eaton & Ar- 
thur's building, which was damaged to the 
extent of $1,000. 

The most destructive fire, involving the 
greatest loss, was that of the Morrell Packing 
House, on the 12th of July, 1893; the loss 
was $600,000, with partial insurance. This 
fire was a public calamity ; citizens regarded it 
as their own calamity individually ; the destruc- 
tion of property was so great that many de- 
spaired and feared that the great packing 
house would never be what it was again; but 
T. D. Foster, the manager, never despaired; 
he employed gangs of men the next day to 
clear away the wreck preparatory to rebuild- 

ing, and in a comparatively short space of 
time the packing house was in full running 
order, better equipped that ever before. It 
may be recorded here, as well as in any other 
place, that the Morrell Packing House was 
established here without a dollar of assistance 
in the way of a subsidy. It has used only the 
capital of the company in all its operations, and 
has been generous in donating to the aid of 
all worthy public enterprises. 


The murder of Laura J. Harvey and 
George Lawrence on or about March 28, i860, 
by Benjamin A. McComb \\as an atrocious 
crime that caused great excitement among' 
A'Vapello cotmty people: The murderer hauled 
the bodies of his victims several miles, and at 
last threw the woman's body in the river, and 
Lawrence's body was found in one of the ra- 
vines between Ottumwa and Agenc}- City. 
McComb was captured March 2, 1864, tried 
and found guilty ; he appealed to the Supreme 
Court. On the day that he was to have been 
hanged, by sentence of the lower court, viz : 
July 2y, 1864, a mob took him from the jail 
and to the eastern limits of the city, and had 
the rope around his neck, when three or four 
determined citizens dashed in, cut the rop_e and 
released him. McComb was finally hanged by 
legal process, February 17, 1865, in the jail- 
yard. He died, protesting his innocence, but 
within a few months a pamphlet, purporting 
to be his confession, appeared. 

Another atrocious murder was committed 



near Eddyville, in June, i860, by John Kep- 
hart, who was moving the W'ilHs family, con- 
sisting of the parents and three children, from 
Jefferson county to Missouri. He murdered 
AVilliam Willis, the husband, by poison, and 
killed the wife and two children \vith an ax 
and hammer. James, one of the bo}'S, escaped. 
Kephart was captured and hung l)y a mob in 
Jefferson county, near where the bodies were 
found, on July 5, i860. 

Albert M. Logan, a policeman, was shot 
and killed by John Smith, on June 28, 1875. 
Smith was captured immediately and placed in 
jail. The next day he was brought to the city 
hall for preliminary examination before Jus- 
tice Fetzer. He was duly committed. As the 
officers were on their way with him to the 
jail, however, he was taken forcibly by a mob 
and hanged to a lamp-post directl)' in front 
of the city hall. 

Pleas. Anderson was arrested June 9, 1883, 
for the murder of Christopher ]Mc.\llister, on 
November 6, 1882, near Blakesburg. An- 
derson was hanged by a mob in 1885, near 

Adolph Neise was arrested for the mur- 
der of his wife and infant child. The house 
was set on fire and their bodies consumed, on 
the night of February 22. 1893. Neise was 
tried and acquitted, but he immediately left 
the county. 

On the night of May 26, 1893, J. L. 
Chamberlin was "slugged" on the head and 

died on the 29th of May. No arrest was 

Thomas Lloyd, a mining boss at Keb, was 
shot and killed by Amelia Darby, on June 27, 
1893. She was tried, found guilty and sen- 
tenced to the penitentiary, but was pardoned 
out a few years later. 

On the 2 1st day of November, 1893, one 
F O. Johnson, whose name was tattooed on 
his arm, was arrested tmder the name of Gust- 
afson, charged with the crime of rape, on the 
person of a little girl not more than five years 
of age. He was arrested by the city authori- 
ties of Ottumwa and placed in jail, but an in^ 
formation was filed before Justice Tr^^iitt the 
next day, and he was brought to the office of 
the justice for examination. While he was 
there he was seized by a mob, a rope was 
placed around his neck, tied to the railing of 
the outer stairway of the Ennis building, cor- 
ner of ^Market and Alain streets, and he was 
hurled into space and choked to death. Dr. 
La Force, who was mavor at the time, exerted 
himself to save the man, but was powerless. 
There are grave doubts expressed as to the 
guilt of the victim; there are those who affirm 
positiveh' that he was not the guilt}- one, while 
others are ec|ually certain that he was guilty. 
This was the last hanging by a mob that has 
taken place in the county. It is believed that 
public sentiment would not now tolerate such 
violence and contempt of Islw. 



Taken Principally from Adjutant General's Reports. 


.Adjt Adjutant 

Art Artillery 

Bat - . Battle or Battalion 

Col Colonel 

Capt Captain 

Corp Corporal 

Comsy Commissary 

•com commissioned 

cav cavalry 

■ captd captured 

desrtd deserted 

disab disabled 

disd discharged 

e enlisted 

excd exchanged 

inf infantry 

inv invalid 

I. V. I Iowa Volunteer Infantry 

kid killed 

Lieut Lieutenant 

Maj Major 

m. o mustered out 

prmtd promoted 

prisr prisoner 

Regt Regiment 

re-e re-enlisted 

res resigned 

Sergt Sergeant 

trans ,. . . . . transferred 

-vet veteran 

V. R. C Veteran Reserve Corps 

wd wounded 

hon. disd honorably discharged 


[Note. — Tlic non-veterans of this regiment were 
mustered out at expiration of their term of service in 
April. May and June, 1864. The veterans and recruits 
were consolidated into six companies, known as the 
Second Veteran Infantry. The Second Veteran In- 
fantry luas consolidated to make a full regiment with 
the Third Veteran Infantry, Nov. 8, 1S64, and was mus- 
tered out at Louisville, Ky., July iz, i86s.\ 

Q. M. Alonzo Eaton, com. ist lieut. Co. K May 28, 
1861 ; prmtd. Q. M. Aug. 7, 1861. 

Company C. 

Philip Q. Stoner, e. May 6, 1861, disd. Aug. 11, 1862. 
Cox, Samuel, disd. June 13, 1862. 
Stamper, G. C, e. Aug. 26, 1862. 

Company K. 

Capt. Chas. C. Cloutman, com. May 28, 1861, killed at 

Fort Donelson. 
Capt. Ermon E. Mastick, e. as sergt. May 6, 1861, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. Sept. 19, 1861, prmtd. ist lieut. Nov. 

I, 1861, prmtd. capt. Feb. 16, 1862. 
First Lieut. Jno. E. Mobley, e. as sergt. May 6, 1861, 



prmtd. 2d lieut. Nov. i, 1861, prmtd. ist lieut. Feb. 

16, 1862, disd. for wds. Aug. 20, 1862. 
First Lieut. Geo. W. Blake, e. as sergt. May 6, 1861, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. Feb. 16, 1862, prmtd. ist lieut. Aug. 

20, 1862, wd. at Corinth. 
Second Lieut. Fredk. W. Hawley, com. May 28, 1861, 

res. Sept. 14, 1861. 
Second Lieut. Thos. K. Raush, e. as corp. May 6, 1861, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. Aug. 20, 1862, wd. at Corinth. 
First Sergt. R. P. Caldwell, e. May 6, 1861, trans, to 

Co. I 1st Iowa Cav. 
Sergt. Jas. H. McClure, e. May 6, 1861. 
Sergt. Wm. H. Norris, e. May 6, 1861. 
Sergt. Wm. C. Holden, e. May 6, 1861. 
Sergt. Z. M. Cook, e. May 6, 1861, wd. at Fort Donel- 

son, disd. July 7, 1862. 
Sergt. S. Kirkpatrick, e. May 6, 1861. 
Sergt. Benj. E. Hammitt, e. May 6, 1861, wd. at Ft. 

Sergt. Z. McAllister, e. May 6, 1861, disd. May 9, 1862. 
Sergt. Edwin Johnson, e. May 6, 1861. 
Corp. Jno. Morrison, Jr., e. May 6, 1861. 
Corp. Young J. Powell, e. May 6, 1861. 
Corp. Jesse Buckner, e. May 6, 1861, disd. Nov. 6, 1861. 
Corp. Stephen Osborn, e. May 6, 1861, disd. Sept. 15, 

Corp. S. S. Shearer, e. May 6, 1861, wd. at Ft. Don- 
elson, died of wds. March 27, 1863. 
Corp. Thos. Gallagher, e. May 6, 1861, wd. at Fort 

Corp. Adam L. Saum, e. May 6, 1861, deserted April 29, 

Corp. Wallace Weed, e. May 6, 1861, wd. at Columbus, 

Ky., died Jan. 16, 1863. 
Corp. H. Deller, e. May 6, 1861. 

Corp. W. H. Henderson, e. May 6, 1861, kid. at Corinth. 
Corp. D. A. Sergeant, e. May 6, 1861, wd. at Fort 

Corp. Jos. Berkey, e. May 6, 1861, kid. at battle of Ft. 

Donelson Feb. 15, 1862. 
Musician Jas. White, e. May 6, 1861, disd. Aug. s, 1862. 
Wagoner Matthias Alcott. e. May 6, 1861. 
Ayres, Wm., e. May 6. 1861. 
Asman, Louis, e. May 6, 1861. 

Bosworth, D. C, e. May 6, 1861, died Oct. 26, 1861. 
Brock, F. A., e. May 6, 1861. 
Bell, Dora, e. May 6, 1861, disd. Sept. 5, 1861. 
Blake, James, e. May 6, 1861, kid. battle Ft. Donelson. 

Bossee, Hermann, e. May 6, 1861, deserted July 31,, 

Brooks, Jos., e. May 6, 1861, deserted Sept. 9, 1861. 

Coen, John, e. May 6, 1861. 

Cole, W. W., e. Sept. 4, 1862. 

Coyne, B., e. May 6, 1861. 

Cochran, Wm., e. May 6, 1861, died May 22, 1862. 

Coffin, Wm. A., e. May 6, 1861. 

Comstock, James, e. May 6, 1861. 

Chadd, Daniel, e. May 6, 1861. 

Chadd, Wesley, e. May 6, 1861. 

Cook, David, e. May 6, 1861, wd. at Fort Donelson. 

Day, Elias, e. May 6, 1861. 

Drake, Wilson, e. May 6, 1861, died at Corinth, Miss.. 

Durbin, Levi, e. May 6, 1861, captd. at Corinth Oct. 5, 

Dewitt, Jas. P., e. Dec. 14, 1863. 

Davis, Nelson, May 27, 1861, disd. July 29, 1862. 

Enslow, Daniel T., e. May 6, 1861, died at St. Louis. 

Elerick, Shannon, e. May 6, 1861. 

Fulton, M., c. Dec. 21, 1863. 

Goodall, Wm. H., e. May 6, 1861, wd. at Ft. Donelson. 

Gee, Wm. M., e. May 6, 1861, disd. Feb. i, 1862. 

Grubby, W. B., e. May 6, 1861, disd. Dec. 28, 1861. 

Graves, Geo. W., e. May 6, 1861. 

Graves, Alfred H., e. May 6, 1861, disd. Nov. 6, 1861. 

Goulden, M., c. Dec. 19, 1863. 

Harrison. S. F., e. May 6, 1861, died at Ft. Donelson. 

Holmes, T. D., e. May 6, i86r, wd. at Ft. Donelson. 

Hampton. John, e. May 6, 1861, kid. at Ft. Donelson. 

Harper, Geo., e. May 6, 1861, died Jan. 9, 1862. 

Harper, James, e. May 6, 1861, disd. Nov. 6, 1861. 

Kilpatrick, B., e. Dec. 12, 1863. 

Kirkpatrick, W. T., e. May 6, 1861, kid. at Ft. Don- 

Krutz, John R., e. Sept. 30, 1862. 

Lyon, R. E., e. May 6, 1861. 

Lottridge, George, e. May 6, 1861. 

Lankford, H. C, e. May 6, i85i, disd. Sept. 14, 1862. 

Martin, C. L., e. May 6, 1861. 

McGuire, Wm., e. May 6, 1861, died Sept. 17, 1861. 

McDonough, Geo., e. Sept. 2, 1862. 

Manro, N. F., e. May 6, 1861, disd. Dec. 19, 1861. 

Phillips, Samuel, e. May 6, 1861. 

Phillips, Bosler, e. Sept. i, 1862. 

Parker, Geo., e. May 6, 1861, disd. April i, 1862. 

Reed, Wm., e. May 6, .1861. 

Reams, C. F., e. Dec. 14, 1863. 



Rupe, John, e. May 6, 1861, disd. Oct. 31, 1861. 

Sterling, Jos., Sept. 2, 1862. 

South, M., e. Sept., 1862. 

Thompson, A. S., e. May 27, 1861, wd. at Donelson, 

Thallheimer, S., e. May 6, 1861. 
Trim, Wm. E., e. May 6, 1861. 
Vance, Jos. H., e. May 6, 1861. 

Varner, Jas., e. May 6, 1861, disd. Oct. 9, 1862, disab. 
Wishart, E. H., e. May 6, 1861. 
Woodward, Jas. M., e. Sept. 4, 1861. 
White, A. M., e. Sept. 16, 1862. 


Carroll, B. F., e. Feb. 22, 1864. 
French, Morris, e. Aug. 16, i862.\ 
Thorp, N. P. 


Q. M. Alonzo Eaton, com. Aug. 7, 1861, from 2d Inf. 
capt. and A. Q. M. U. S. V. June 30, 1864. 

Company A. 

Sylvester, John W., e. May 3, 1864. 

Company C. 

Second Lieul. Thomas K. Raush, com. Aug. 20, 1862, 
from Co. K, 2d Inf., May 21, 1864, kid. at Atlanta. 

Company G. 

Stamper, G. C, e. Aug. 29, 1862. 

Company K. 

First Lieut. Sanford Kirkpatrick. 

Sergt. William C. Holden, e. May 6, i85i, vet. Dec. 25, 

Corp. Young J. Powell, e. May 6, 1861, vet. Dec. 25, 

Corp. T. D. Holmes, e. May 6, 1861. vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 
Coen, John, e. May 6, 1861. 
Childers, P. R., e. Nov. 25, 1861. 
Cole, William W., e. Sept. i, 1861. 
Day, Elias, e. May 6, 1861, vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 

Farnsworth, William, e. Feb. i, 1861. 

Gallagher, Thomas, e. May 6, 1861, vet. Dec. 28, 1863. 

Graves, George W., e. May 6, 1861, vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 

Hascal, Samuel, e. Jan. 15, 1864. 

Kirkpatrick, Wade, e. Feb. 24, 1864. 

Krutz, John R., e. Sept. 30, 1862. 

Lyon, R. E., e. May 6, 1861, vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 

Lockwood, J. W., e. Jan. 24, 1864. 

Locker, W. H., e. Sept. 8, 1862. 

McDonough, George, e. Sept. 2, 1862. 

Mick, Henry, e. Feb. 19, 1864, died at Chattanooga, 

Phillips, Bosler, e. Sept. i, 1862. 
Sterling, Joseph, e. Sept. 2. 1862. 
South, Michael, e. Aug. 20, 1862. 
Sheppard, D. M., e. March 31, 1862. 
Thallheimer, S., e. May 6, 1862, vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 
Wishart, E. H., e. May 6, 1862. 
White, A. M., e. Sept. 16, 1862. 
Woodward, J. M., e. Sept. 4, 1862. 
Wykoff, S. D., e. Jan. 16, 1862. 


Company A. 

First Lieut. Jacob C. Mowrey, e. as private June 8, 1861, 
prmtd. to 2d lieut. Jan. 22. 1865, prmtd. to ist lieut. 
March 24, 1865. 

Critchfield, Elliott, e. June 8, 1861. vet. Jan. 4, 1864. 

Company F. 

Goodwin, George W., Jan. 6, 1861, vet. Dec. 17, 1863, 
disd. July 3, 1865. 

Company I. 

Ball, H. H., e. May 21, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Company K. 

First Lieut. Sanford Kirkpatrick, com. Nov. 10, 1864, 
from com. sergt. 


[Note. — This Regiment ivas mnstered out at Louis- 
ville July 12, 1865.} 



Lieut. Col. Saml. Mahon, e. as ist lietit. Co. F, July 
24, 1861, prmtd. capt. June 12, 1862, prmtd. major 
June 13, 1865, prmtd. lieut. col. June 13. 1865. 

Q. M. Stiles E. Forsha, com. Aug, 6, 1861, prmtd. ist 
lieut. Co. I, capt. and com. of sub. 

Com. Sergt. Andrew J. Horton. 

Company C. 

McDonough, E, C, e. March 31, 1864. 

Company D. 

Gebel, Geo., e. Feb. 8, 1864. 
Gutterman, Jacob, e. Feb. 15. 1864, 
Ferry, Ga. 

wd. at Lay's 

Company E. 

Chambers, J. G... c. July 28, 1861. 
Doll, Jno., e. July 28. 1861. 
Fairchild, H. C, e. July 28, 1861. 
Strange, e. July 28, i85i. 

Company F. 

Capt. Chas. W. Kitteridge, com. July 24, 1861, wd. at 

Belmont, resd. June 11, 1862. 
Capt. Chas. J. Sergent, e. as private in 1861, prmtd. 2d 

lieut. June 12, 1862, prmtd. capt. Aug. 7, 1861, wd. 

Aug. II, 1864, died at Ottumwa. 
Capt. Peter Hennegin, e. as private in 1861, prmtd. 2d 

lieui. Aug. 3, 1864. prmtd. capt. Jvme i, 1865. 
First Lieut. Orran S. Russell, e. as private in i85i, wd. 

at Corinth, prmtd. ist lieut. June i, 1865. 
First Sergt. Wm. W. Farley, e. July 11, 1861, kid. at 

Belmont Nov. 7, 1861. 
Sergt. Stevens W. Merrill, e. in 1861. 
Sergt. Chas. G. Grout, e. 1861, trans, to 3d Ala. A. D., 

asst. 1st lieut. March i, 1864. 
Sergt. Hiram Balcom, e. 1861, vet. Dec. 26, 1863, wd., 

disd. June i, 1865. 
Sergt. John Hammitt, e. 1861, wd. at Belmont, disd. 

Sept. 19, 1862. 
Corp. Geo. F. House, e. 1861, disd. Jan. 9, 1863. 
Corp. Wm. W. Johnson, e. 1861, wd. at Belmont, disd. 

Oct. 20, 1862. 
Corp. Seth Sampson, e. 1861, disd. March 25. 1862. 

Corp. A. W. Neighbor, e. 1861, kid. at Corinth. 

Corp. Cyrus Sumard, e. 1861. 

Corp. W. Carroll, e. i85i, captd. at Belmont, Mo. 

Corp. E. S. Beardon, c. 1861. 

Corp. Wm. H. Litsey, e. 1861, died of wds. May 

22, 1864. 
Bartlett, Ulysses, e. 1861, wd. at Corinth, disd. Aug. 

13, 1863. 
Bartholomew, Wm., e. 1861. 

Backus, D.. e. Feb. 13, 1864, died at Nashville, Tenn. 
Backus, Wm., e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Buckner, C. S., e. Jan. 25, 1864, kid. in battle of 

Oostanaula River, Ga. 
Brown, C., e. 1861, vet. Dec. 26, 1863, died at Rome. Ga. 
Buckner, E., e. Jan. 25, 1864, died at Jeffersonville, Ind. 
Bearden, E. W.. e. 1861. 
Bridenstine, D., e. Jan. 25. 1864. 
Bowman, John, c. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Broadhead, Elisha, e. Feb. 10, 1862, vet. Feb. 11, 1864. 
Brown, Ira, e. 1861, vet. Dec. 26, 1863. 
Carman, J. B., e. Feb. 10, 1864. 
Crossen, F. M., c. 1861, vet. Dec. 26, 1863, trans, to Co. 

G, iiith U. S. Inf., as ist lieut. 
Cowan, G. G., e. Dec. 25, 1861. vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Evans, Josiah B., e. 1861, kid. in battle of Belmont. 
Davis, J. D., e. Dec. 14, 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Davis, Wm. M., e. Dec. 25, 1861, captd. at Shiloh, vet. 

Dec. 24, 1863. 
Doak, Jno., e. Dec. 16, 1861, wd. at Corinth, vet. Dec. 

24, 1863. 
Eldridge, John, e. July 11, 1861, died Oct. 26, 1861. 
Frank, Joseph, e. 1861, deserted July 25, 1861. 
Foster, J. C, e. Jan. 18, 1864. 
Gregory, R. C, e. 1861, vet. Dec. 26, 1863. 
Godfrey, Wm., e. July 11, i»di, kid. in battle of Belmont. 
Godfrey, Lewis, e. 1861, disd. April 2, 1862. 
Harris, Aaron, e. Dec. 17, 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Hulls, Silas, e. July 11, i85i, kid. in battle of Belmont. 
Hennegin, Jas., e. Feb. 4, 1864. i 

Hults, Jno. M;, e. Feb. 6, 1864. 

Harness, John, e. 1861, died Oct. 20, 1862, of wds. re- 
ceived at Corinth. 
Kitterman, J. H., e. Feb. 20, 1864. 
Kitterman, Samuel, e. Dec. 16, 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Klumpe, Jno. H., e. July 11, 1861. 
Kent, Jas. E., e. Jan. 27, 1864. 
Kessler, Geo., e. July 11, 1861, vet. Dec. 24. 1863. 
Lewis, Washington, e. July 11, 1861, died Nov. 2, 1861. 
Lyle, Jos. R., c. 1861, disd. April 26, 1862. 



Long, Esquire, e. 1861, 'vet. Dec. 26, 1863, disd. Aug. 
S, 1864. 

McDonald, Wm. H., e. 1861, disd. March 28, 1862. 

Moser, A,, e. Feb. 20, 1864. 

Newell, Isaac F., e. 1861, disd. Nov. 6, 1861. 

Pickeral, Wm., e. 1861, captd. at Belmont Nov. 7, 1861, 
vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 

Rybolt, S., e. Feb. 10, 1864. 

Ream, Sam'l M., e. 1861, wd. at Shiloh, was trans, to 
Inv. Corps Aug. 13, 1863. 

Robinson, John D., e. 1861. 

Smith, Geo. L., e. Jan 18, 1864. 

Sherley, Jos., e. 1861, wd. at Shiloh, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 

Simmons, A., e. Feb. 20, 1864. 

Sales. Stephen, e. July 11, 1861, died Oct. 17, 1861. 

Sergent. Wm. G.. e. Feb. 18, 1864. 

Swift, A. E., e. Feb. 4, 1864. 

Stevens, Ezra, e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 

Smith, Andrew, e. Dec. 5, 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 

Stocker, Daniel, e. Feb. 10, 1862, vet. Feb. 11, 1864. 

Thomas, Wm., e. 1861, kid. at Corinth Oct. 4, 1862. 

Van Winkle. Alex., e. Feb. 20, 1864. 

Voss, Henry, e. 1861, wd. at Belmont and Corinth. 

Walden, Calvin, e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 

Wright, Elisha, e. July 11, 1861, kid. at battle of 

Wilson, Jas. H., e. 1861, wd. at battle of Belmont, vet. 

Dec. 26, 1863. 
Wortman, David, e. '1861, disd. Nov. i, 1S61. 
Wortman, Wm., e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
White, Geo. H., e. 1861, kid. at battle of Corinth 

Oct. 4, 1862. 
Wilkee, H. C, e. 1861. 
Withered, Henry, e. Feb. 8, 1864. 

Company I. 

Capt. Jas. M. Irvin, com. Aug. 2, 1861, lieut. col. First 

Ala. Vol., A. D.. May 20, 1863. 
Capt. Benj. S. Barbour, e. as se.rgt. 1861, prmtd, 2d 

lieut. Oct. 3, 1862, prmtd. capt. May 21, 1863. 
First Lieut. Charles Gardner, e. as sergt. 1861. prmtd, 

2d lieut. Sept. 21, 1861, prmtd. 1st lieut. Oct. 17, 

1861, wd. at Belmont and died at Mound City, 111. 
First Lieut. Wm. H. Robinson, e. as sergt. 1861, prmtd. 

2d lieut. Oct. 17, 1861, prmtd. ist lieut. Nov. 22, 

1861, resd. Feb. 26, 1862. 
First Lieut. Frank A. Irvin, e. as sergt. 1861, prmtd. 

1st lieut. March i, 1862, wd. at Corinth, m. o., Aug. 
I, 1864, terra expired. 
First Lieut. Geo. W. Lazenby, e. as private 1861, prmtd. 

1st lieut. Jan. i, 1865. 
Second Lieut. Jno. Wilcox, e. as sergt. 1861, wd. at 
Belmont, Mo., prmtd. 2d lieut. Nov. 22, 1861, resd. 
Sept. 26, 1862. 
Sergt. Jno. T. Wallen, e. 1861, disd. March 28, 1862, 

for wds. received at Belmont. 
Sergt. Jas. B. Muurmert, e. i86i, disd. July 3, 1862. 
Sergt. Levi Baldwin, e. 1861, disd. March 11, 1862. 
Sergt. Robt. M. Jones, e. 1861, disd. March 11, 1862. 
Sergt. Andrew J. Horton, e. 1861, prmtd. to com. sergt. 

Oct. I, 1862. 
Corp. Wm. H. Evans, e. 1861, wd. at Belmont, Mo., 

disd. April 28, 1862. 
Corp. Jas. H. Long, e. 1861, disd. Dec. 5, i86r. 
Corp. Andrew Robb, e. Aug. 11, 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Corp. Jesse Barber, e. 1861, disd. Sept. 14, 186:. 
Corp. H. C. Nosier, e. Aug. 11, 1861, wd. at Belmont, 

disd. March 28, 1862. 
Corp. M. V. Bedel, e. 1861. 

Corp. Allen John, e. 1861, disd. March 28, 1862. 
Corp. Adams Finley, e. 1861, disd. March 28, 1862. 
Blair, Wm. J., e. Feb. 29, 1864. 

Burgoyne, T. J., e. 1861, died July 11, 1863. at Keokuk. 
Bonham, F. N., e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Billings, S., e. 1861, disd. April 10, 1862, disab. 
Beemer, Jos., e. 1861. 
Chattin, H., e. Feb. i, 1864. 
Cahill, John, e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Clark, Jas. C, e. 1861. 

Chambers, J. G., e. Aug. i, 1861, disd. March ir, 1862. 
Crespen, Benj. F., e. 1861, wd. at Belmont, Mo., disd. 

July 3, 1862. 
Cionwell, John B., e. 1861, wd. at Belmont, vet. Dec. 

24, 1863. 
Culver, Geo., e. 1861, disd. March 29, 1862. 
Chidester, Benj. F., e. 1861, wd. at Belmont, disd. Feb. 

24, 1862. 
Chidester, Jas. A., e. 1861, wd. at Belmont and died 

Nov. 13, 1861. 
Chattin, Wm., e. June 9, 1863. 
Edmonds, M. A., e. 1861, disd. April 28, 1862. 
Eastwick, Fred F., e. Nov. 25, 1861, vet. Dec. 2.-;, 1863. 
Fields, A. C. e. Jan. 21, 1864, wd. at Lay's Feriy, Ga,, 

died at Chattanooga. 
Gish, John H., e. Jan. 21, 1864. 
Hall, H. H., e. 1861, disd. March 28, 1862. 



Harding, W. H., e. Dec. 17. 1863. 

Haskulson, Jas., e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 

Janes, J., e. Jan. i, 1864. 

King, Jas., e. 1861, kid. in battk at Corinth Oct. 

3, 1862. 
Lazenby, Cassius, e. 1861, wd. at Belmont, Mo., disd 

March 28, 1862. 
Lazenbee, Geo. W., e. 1861. 
Lawson, Geo., e. 1861. 

J^aw.son. Hamilton, e. 1861, disd. Feb. 24, 1862. 
McGonigal, J., e. Feb. i, 1864. 

McGonigal, Wm. H., e. 1861, kid. at battle of Corinth. 
McDonough, Jas., c. 1861. 
Myrick, Thos., e. 1861, wd. at Belmont, disd. Dec. 2j. 

Murmert, Jacob, e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Matthews, Levi, e. 1861, died Jan. 15, 1862. 
Myers, David, e. 1861, disd. Jan. 15, 1862. 
Murray, Jas., e. 1861, kid. at battle of Shiloh. 
Noe, Geo., e. 1861, kid. in battle of Belmont Nov. 7, 

North, Livingston, e. 1861, wd. at Lay's Ferry, died, 

date unknown. 
Olmstead, J. Q., e. 1861. 
Olney, H. E., e. 1861, disd. May 11, 1863. 
Rice, Preston, e. Aug. 22, 1861, wd. at Fort Donelson, 

vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Pike, Z. W., e. Feb. i, 1864, died at HuntsviUe, Ala. 
Rhinesmith, W. G., e. Feb. i, 1864, disd. Feb. 20, 1865. 
Snow, Albert, e. Aug. 22, 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Snow, F. H., e. Feb. i, 1864. 
Secrist, James, e. 1861, died Dec. 3, 1861. 
Secrist, Jno. W.. e. 1861, died Oct. 20, 1861. 
Strange, Jere, e. Aug. 2, 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Stevens, Geo. W., e. 1861, disd. Sept. 14, 1861. 
Scott, J. J., e. July 22, 1861, kid. at Belmont, Mo. 
Swinson, N., e. 1861. 

Stophee, Jno. H., e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Schwallen, Charles, e. 1861. 

Spillman, Thos. I., c. 1861, disd. Sept. 11, 1862. 
Tittsworth, S. H., e. 1861, disd. April 26. 1862. 
Vance, Wm., e. 1861, disd. Dec. 21, 1861. 
Wheeler, Chas., e. 1861, trans, to Co. E. 
Woodruff, Jno. W., e. 1861, wd. at Lay's Ferry, died 

at Keokuk. 
Warner, L., e. i86r, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Warner, H., e. 1861, vet. Dec. r4. 1863, captd. Feb. 

2\, 1865. 
Weese, Sam'l, e. 1861. 

Weese, Jacob, e. i86r, died Oct. 19, 1861. 

Young, Wesley, e. 1861. 

Zorns, James, e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 


[Note. — This regiment ivas mustered out at Louis- 
ville, Ky., July 24, 186$.] 

Col. John M. Hedrick, com. Q. M. Dec. 23, 1861, prmtd. 

capt. Co. K Feb. 13, 1862, from ist lieut. Co. D, 

wd. at Shiloh, prmtd. maj. Jan. 17, 1863, prmtd. 

lieut. col. April 22, 1863, wd. at Atlanta, prmtd. col. 

Aug. 18, 1864, brevet brig. gen. March 13, 1865, m. 

o. Aug. II, 1866. 
Maj. James S. Porter, e. as sergt. Co. D, prmtd. 2d 

lieut. Feb. 13, 1862, wd. at Shiloh, prmtd. capt. 

Jan. 19, 1863, prmtd. maj. Dec. 15, 1864. 

Company C. 

Shaw, Wm., e. March 28, 1864. 

Company D. 

Capt. Gregg A. JNIadison, com. Nov. i, 1861, wd. at 

Corinth, resd. Jan. 18, 1863. 
Capt. Wm. Fairborn, e. as private Dec. i, 1861. prmtd. 

2d lieut. Dec. 15, 1864, prmtd. ist lieut. Jan. 31, 

1865. prmtd. capt. April g, 1865. 
First Lieut. Charles Smock, e. as private 1861. prmtd. 

2d lieut. Jan. 31, 1865, prmtd. 1st lieut. April g, 1865. 
Second Lieut. Charles M. I. Reynolds, com. Nov. i, 

1861, resd. May 13, 1862. 
Second Lieut. William Addelman, e. as corp. Oct. 15, 

1861, prmtd. 2d lieut. May 14, 1862, resd. Nov. 

27. 1862. 
Second Lieut. E. M. Gebhart, e. as corp. Oct. i, 1861, 

wd.,and captd. at Shiloh, prmtd. 2d lieut. Feb. 2, 

1863, kid. at battle of Atlanta. 
Second Lieut. Edward .-V. Chambers, prmtd. 2d lieut. 

April 9, 186s. 
First Sergt. AVm. N. Brant, e. Oct. i, 1861, disd. May 

29, 1863, disab. 
Sergt. Benjamin F. Briscoe, e. Oct. 15, 1861, disd. Aug. 

14. 1862. 
Sergt. Eugene S. Sheffield, e. Oct., 1861. 
Sergt. Thomas J. Biggs, e. Oct. 15, 1861, trans. June 

10, 1864, prmtd. to 48th U. S. V. 

1 66 


Sergt. F. M. Majors, e. Oct., i86r, disd. April 28, 

186s, disab. 
Sergt. Joseph Heckart, e. Feb. i, 1862, vet. Feb. 2, 1864, 

missing near Atlanta. 
Corp. R. M. Wilson, e. Oct., 1861, kid. near Atlanta. 
Corp. Geo. W. Buchanan, e. Feb., 1862. 
Corp. Edward G. Eastham, e. Jan. 20, 1862, disd. July 

II, 1862, disab. 
Corp. Wm. Arrick, e. Nov., 1861, trans. June 7, 1863, 

for prmtn. to 13th La. Inf. 
Corp. W. S. McLain, e. Oct. 15, 1861, captd. at Atlanta. 
Corp. John G. HoUoway, e. Oct. i, 1861, wd. at Shiloh. 
Corp. John R. Kayburn, e. Oct. 15, 1861, disd. Dec. 

16, 1862, disab. 
Corp. Samuel P. Reid, e. Feb. 24, 1862, wd. at Corinth, 

disd. March 21, 1863, disab. 
Corp. Grimes Pennroy, e. Oct. i, 1861, disd. Aug. i, 

1862, disab. 
Corp. P. M. Bird, e. Oct. i, 1861, trans, to Co. K. 
Adams, Hermann, c. Oct. i, 1861. 

Arnold, John, e. Oct. 15, 1861, disd. Dec. 16, 1862, disab. 
Bendow, E., t. Nov. i, 1863, died at Atlanta. 
Bird, Frank, wd. at Corinth. 
Bird, Lycurgus, e. Jan., 1862, wd. at Shiloh and Corinth, 

wd. and captd. near Atlanta. 
Bird, Milton, e. Oct. 15, 1861. 
Bosworth, John S., e. Oct. 15, 1861. 
Brant. H. W., disd. Aug. 29, 1862, disab. 
Buchanan, Samuel, e. Feb. i, 1862, wd. at Shiloh, disd. 

June 17, 1862, disab. 
Carter, James W., e. Oct. 15, 1861, vet. Nov. 17, 1863, 

captd. plac6 unknown. 
Casscll, John H., e. March 5, 1862, disd. Dec. 5, 1862. 
Clark, Adam. 
Clark, Andrew, e. Feb. 24, 1862, wd. at Shiloh and 

Corinth, disd. March S, 1863. 
Cook, Elijah, e. Feb. 20, 1862, disd. Aug. 27, 1862, 

Cook, John, e. Feb. i, 1862, disd. March 5, 1862, disab. 
Crouch, Geo. H., e. Sept. 8, 1862, missing in action 

near Atlanta 
Deford, Philip, vet. Feb. 2, 1864, captd. near Atlanta. 
Elmer, Henry, e. Oct. 15, 1861, died May 15, 1862, of 

wds. received at Shiloh. 
England, H., e. Feb. 13, 1862, disd. Aug. 20, 1862, disab. 
Farlin, Geo. W., e. Oct. 15. 1861, captd. at Atlanta. 
Fishburn, D. A., e. Sept. 8, 1862. 
Fisher, Wm. IC, died June 5, 1862. 
Foster, John, e. Feb. i, 1862, disd. June 17, 1863, disab. 

Gates, H. H., e. Oct. 15, 1861. 

Gephart, Noah, e. Dec. 31, 1863. 

Gillespie, S. A., e. Oct. 15, 1861. 

Gray, William, e. Feb. i, 1862, wd. at Shiloh, disd. 

June 17, 1862. 
Gray, William F., e. Feb. i, 1862, disd. Aug. 13, 1862, 

Green, Albert, e. Jan. 4, 1864. 
Hammond, T. W., e. Oct. 15, 1861. 
Harding, R. J., e. Oct. 15, 1861, died Jan. 11, 1862. 
Hendrickson, J., e. Oct. 15, 1861, died June 16, 1862. 
Holmes, J. D., c. Oct. 15, 1861. 
Hoover, P., vet. Jan. 29, 1864, captd. at Atlanta. 
Hoover, Henry, e. Oct. 15, 1861, vet. Dec. S, 1863. 
Houk, Wm., vet. Feb, 28, 1864. 
Honts, O. F., e. Nov. i, 1861. 
Howard, H., e. M.irch 28, 1864. 

Huffman, J., vet. Feb. 21, 1864, disd. July 26, 1865. 
Irvin, A. A., e. Dec. 10, 1864. 
Jay, R. L., e. March 29, 1864. 

Johnson, T. L., e. Dec. 14, 1862, died May 21, 1862. 
Ketchum, Wm., e. Jan. i, 1862, died May 30, 1862. 
Kreitzer, Adam, e. Jan. 20, 1862, died July 19, 1863. 
Kuhns, Samuel, e. Oct. 15, 1861, wd. at Corinth. 
Lair, Joseph, e. Oct. 15, 1861. 
Leonard, Martin, e. Oct. 15, 1861. 
Lewallen, Pleasant, e. Oct. 15, 1861. 
Leslie, Thomas, e. Feb. 23, 1862, disd. Dec. 27, 1862, 

Lively, Ellas, e. Jan., 1862, disd. Feb. 18, 1862. 
McConnell, Andrew, e. Oct. 15, 1861, vet. Dec. 31, 

1863, -wd. and captd. at Atlanta. 
McKinley, W. H., e. Dec. 25, 1862, disd. Aug. S, 

1862, disab. 
McNutt, Wm., e. Oct. 21, 1861, disd. July 11, 1862, disab. 
Masserva, Wm., e. Nov. 6, 1861, wd. at Shiloh, vet. 

Dec. 31, 1863, captd. at Atlanta. 
Marshall, Calvin, e. Oct. 25, 1861, died May 26, 1862. 
Marshall, Clark, e. 1861, vet. Jan. 22, 1864. 
Marts, Squire, c. Oct. 15, 1861, wd. at Atlanta. 
Moore, John, e. Jan. i, 1862, died Jan. 13, 1862. 
Morgan, J. E., e. Oct. 15, 1861. 
Moss, James, e. April 13, 1864. 
Nosier, J. H., e. Oct. i, 1861, wd. at Shiloh, died April 

27. 1862. 
Neighbors, R., e. Oct. i, 1861, died Jan. 25, i8'i2. 
Owen, H. D., e. Oct. i, 1861, disd. Dec. 16, 1862, disab. 
Palmer, Thomas, e. Oct. i, i86l, vet. March 22, 1864, 

wd. at Ezra Church. 



Phillips, F., e. Oct. I, 1861, vet. Jan. 23, 1864, wd. 

at Atlanta. 
Rayburn, Alex,, e. Jan. i, 1862 disd. Feb. 18, 1862. 
Rayburn, M., e. March i, 1862, wd. at Shiloh, captd. 

at Atlanta. 
Reynolds, E. M., e. Dec. 30, 1863. 
Ridnour, W. I., e. Oct. i, 1861. 
Rush, Jackson, e. Dec. i, 1861, disd. June 25, 1862, 

Ryan, Joseph, e. Jan. 1, 1862, kid. in battle of Shiloh. 
Shaffner, Daniel, e. Jan. i, 1862, died June 6, 1862. 
Shaw, Wm., e. March 26, 1864, died Sept. 17, 1864. 
Shepard, W. W., e. Feb. 11, 1862, disd. July 11, 

1862, disab. 
Shirley, John, e. 1861. 

Shreeves, Charles, c. Jan. 23, 1862, wd. at Shiloh. 
Simmons, B. F., e. Feb. 24, 1862, died July g, 1862. 
Smock, Charles, e. 1861, vet. Dec. 31, 1863. 
Stewart, J. P., e. Feb. 11, 1862, disd. June 17, 1862, disab. 
Thayer, G. 

Thomas, Josiah, e. Oct. i, 1861, disd. Sept. 24, 1862. 
Tishue, Wm. R., e. Oct. 24, i86r, died June 5, 1862. 
Tishue, John, c. in 1861, vet. Dec. 31, 1863. 
Trick, Geo. W., e. Jan. 28, 1864. 
Turner, Henry, e. Jan. i, 1864. 
Vanskike, S., e. in 1861. 
Vincent, Jolm D., e. Oct. 3, 1861. 
Wade, Absalom, e. Feb. 23, 1862, died Aug. 4, 1862. 
Walker, Wm. H., e. in Nov., i86r. 
Wallace, Geo. W., e. in 1861. 
Ware, Geo. W., e. Sept. 8, 1862, disd. May 18, 1863, 

Wellman, John, e. Nov. 10, 1861, wd. at Shiloh, disd. 

Aug. 20, 1862, disab. 
Wellman, M., e. Nov. 26, 1861, wd. at Shiloh, died 

June I, 1862. 
Wilcox, Alfred, e. Dec. i, 1861. 
Wilkins, S., e. Feb. i, 1862, wd. at Corinth. 
Williams, W. H. H., e. Oct. i, 1861, trans, to Co, 

K Feb. 15, 1862. 
Wilson, Jos. R., died at Vicksburg. 
Winkler,., John W., e. Oct. i, 1861. 
Winn, Chas., e. in 1861, vet. Dec. 5, 1863. 
Winters, Wm. B., e. Oct. 23, 1861, wd. at Shiloh, 

disd. Aug. I, 1862, disab. 
Zimmerman, G. W., e. Nov. 10, 1861, wd. at Shiloh, 

disd. Dec. 16, 1862, wds. 

Company I. 
Colenbrander, G. W., captd. at Shiloh, vet. Feb. 20, 1864. 

Cramer, John W., e. Nov. 10, 1861, vet. Dec. 5, 1863, 

missing at Atlanta. 
Elrick, Chas,, e. Dec. 16, 1861. 
Van Hout, C, e. Feb. 2. 1862, disd. Aug. 2, 1862. 
Zornes, Samuel F,, e. Feb. 20, 1862, vet. Feb. 20, 1864. 

Company K. 

Capt. Thomas H. 'Hedrick, e. as sergt. Oct. i, 1861, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. June i, 1862, prmtd. ist lieut. Oct. 

4, 1862, prmtd. capt. Jan. 17, 1863, wd. at Atlanta, 

disd. Feb. 8, 1865. 
Capt. Wm. B. McDowell, c. as private Oct 15, 1861, 

promtd. 1st lieut. July 22, 1864, prmtd. capt. Feb. 

9, 1865. 
Sergt. S. H. Gillespie, e. Oct. 15, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 

1864, kid. near Atlanta. 
Corp. A. R. Wilcox, e. Dec. i, 1861, wd. at Shiloh. 
Corp. Perry M. Bird, e. Sept. 20, 1861, vet. Dec. 6, 1863. 
Corp. J. N. Noland, e. Feb. 3, 1862, trans, to Inv. 

Corps Feb. 15, 1864. 
Adams, H. H., e. Oct, 6, 1861, disd. Jan. 16, 1863, disab. 
Brandenburg, O. S., e, Jan, i, 1864. 
Bosworth, John S,, e, Oct, 6, 1S61, vet, March 13, 1864. 
Holmes, John D., e, Nov. i, 1861, kid. at Shiloh. 
Houtz, C. F., e, Nov. i, 1861, vet, Jan. i, 1864. 
Lair, Jos., e. Oct. i, 1861, disd. March 11, 1863, disab. 
Luallen, P., e. Oct. i, 1861, disd. Dec. 2y, 1862, disab. 
Morgan, J. N., e. Oct. 15, 1861, disd. June 25, 1862, 

Morgan, Jos. E., e. Jan. 20, 1862, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Pownell, Jas., e. Feb. i, 1862, disd. Nov. 25, 1862, disab. 
Riley, John, e. Feb. i, 1862. 

Ridnour, Wm, J., e, Oct. i, 1861, died on hospital- 
boat Nov. 26, 1863. 
Spears, John A,, e. Jan, 6, 1862, 
Traul, A, B,, e, Feb, 28, 1862, died March 22, 1862. 
Wallace, Geo, W,, e, Oct, 24, 1862, wd. at Shiloh. 
Williams, Wm. H H., e. Oct. i, 1862, wd. at Shiloh 

and Corinth. 
Warren, Lewis, e. Nov. 10, 1861, wd. at Corinth, disd. 

Feb. 23, 1863. 
Walker, Wm. H., e, Oct. i, 18S1, vet. Jan. i, 1864, wd. 

at Atlanta. 
Wycoff, Hazel, e. Feb. 20, 1862. disd. July 7, 1862, 

at Corinth. 
Winkler, John W,, e, Oct. i, 1861, kid. at Shiloh, 
Ketcham, Jacob, e, Feb. 25, 1862, died May zt,. 1862, 

of wds. at Shiloh. 
Hammond, T, W.. e. Sept. 20, 1861, wd. at Shiloh, 

trans, for promotion in 1st Miss. Art. Oct. 23, 1863. 



Hendren, Wm., e. Jan i, 1862, died May 28, 1862. 


[Note. — This regiment was mustered out at Louis- 
ville, July 25, 1865.} 

Company C. 

First Lieut. Wm. J. McCormick, e. as sergt., prmtd. 2d 
lieut. July 17, 1863, prmtd. 1st lieut. July 23, 1863, 
resd. Jan. 29, 1864. 

Corp. Jas. J. Block, e. March 10, 1862, wd. at Mis- 
sionary Ridge. 

Corp. Samuel J. Myers, e. March 9, 1862, vet. March 
18, 1864, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 

Bescoe, Henry, e. March 15, 1862, disd. Oct. 16, 1862, 

Bescoe, Jos., e. March 5, 1862, vet. March 18, 1864, 
captd. at Tilton, Ga. 

Barnett, T. R., e. Oct. 27, 1863. 

Hern, Edmund, e. March S, 1862. 

Myers, Jas., e. March 7, 1862, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 

Company D. 

Capt. John F. Skelton, e. as sergt., prmtd. 1st lieut. 

Dec. II, 1862, captd. and wd. at Jackson, Miss., 

prmtd. capt. Feb. 11, 1864, captd. at Tilton, Ga,, 

com. subs. U. S. V. Jan. 23, 1865. 
Second Lieut. Nicholas Lunkley, e. as sergt., prmtd. 2d 

lieut. July 30, 1865, m. o. as 2d sergt. 
Belknap, F., e. March 25, 1862, vet. March 28, 1864, 

Bollinger, P. H., e. March 18, 1862, vet. March 20, 

1864, captd. at Tilton. Ga. 
Flower, John, e. March 14, 1862. 

Lotsspeich, Geo. H., e. jMarch 10, 1862, wd. at Mis- 
sionary Ridge, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 
McCain. Hugh L., e. March 18, 1862, vet. March 18, 

1864, capt. at Tilton, Ga. 
McCain, R. ^l.. e. Feb. 4. 1864. 

Morrow. F. M., e. March 18, 1862, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 
Mulford, H. W., e. March 21. 1862. 
Ralph, David, e. March 17, 1862. vet. March 25. 1864. 
Stevens. W W'.. e. March 18. 1862, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 
Thompson. F. M.. e. Feb. 5. 1862, wd. at Champion 

Hills, captd. at Tilton. Ga. 
Thompson. Jas. A., e. March 5. 1862. 
Turner, Wni.. e. March 12, 1862, kid. at battle of 

Champion Hills. 

Wellen, Phillip, e. March 12, 1862, vet. March 30, 
1864, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 

Company E. 

Capt. Thomas Ping, com. April 5, 1862, captd. at Tilton, 

Ga., m. o. April 14, 1865, term expired. 
Capt. Wm. F. Johnson, prmtd. 2d lieut. from sergt. 

Feb. 7. 1863, prmtd. ist lieut. June 3, 1863, prmtd. 

capt. June 17, 1865. 
First Lieut. Andrew J. Baker, com. March 13, 1862, 

resd. Jan. 20, 1863. 
First Lieut. Amziah Hull, com. 2d lieut. April 5, 

1862, prmtd. 1st lieut. Jan. 21, 1863, resd. June 2, 

First Lieut. Cincinnatus F. Graves, prmtd. ist lieut. 

from sergt., wd. at Corinth and Vicksburg, June 

30, 1865, m. o. as sergt. 
Second Lieut. Milton L. Godley, prmtd. 2d lieut. from 

sergt., wd. at luka, June 3, 1863, captd. at Tilton, 

Ga., hon. disd. March 12, 1865. 
Second Lieut. J. H. Hamilton,' prmtd. 2d lieut. from 

sergt. July i. 1865, m. o. as sergt. 
Sergt. Andrew Huddleston, e. March 4, 1862, died Jan. 

24, 1864, at Keokuk. 
Sergt. Wm. Walker, e. March 11, 1862, wd. at luka, 

disd. Oct. 2, 1862, disab. 
Sergt. Robert Miller, e. March 11, 1862, wd. at Alis- 

sionary Ridge, disd. March 27. 1865. 
Sergt. Ambrose Warren, e. March 3, 1862, disd. Dec. 

11, 1862. 

Sergt. Elias Shearer, e March 10, 1862, vet. March 

12, 1864. captd. at Tilton, Ga. 

Sergt. H. C. Haydock, e. March 4, 1862, captd. at 

Tilton, Ga. 
Sergt. B. Shearer, e. March 10, 1862, kid. at battle of 

Missionary Ridge. 
Sergt. Henry Segur, e. March 3, 1862, died at Corinth. 
Sergt. Wm. F. Hamilton, e. March 25, 1862. vet. March 

27, 1864, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 
Sergt. Wm. F. Johnson, e. March 8, 1862. 
Sergt. G. M. Cowger. e. March 10, 1862, wd. at Jack- 
son, Miss., disd. Nov., 1863. 
Corp. Jas. Vv^. Eugart, e. March 24, 1862, disd. Jan. 

17, 1863, disab. 
Corp. Wm. ]\IcClease. c. Feb. 27, 1862, vet. March n, 

Corp. Eli W. Myers, e. Feb. 28, 1862, disd. Dec. 10, 1862. 
Corp. Benj. H Schooler, e. March 18, 1862, wd. at 

luka, disd. April 3, 1863. 



Corp. John G. Dall, e. March 17, 1862, wd. at Mis- 
sionary Ridge. 
Corp. David Stanton, e. March 3, 1862, captd. at Til- 
ton, Cia. 
Corp. G. R. C. Holbert, e. Feb. 25, 1862, wd. at Jac!^- 

son, Miss., trans, to Inv. Corps Nov. 11, 1863. 
Corp. Isaac T. Newell, e. March 27, 1862, kid. at Jack- 
son, Miss. 
Corp. Wm. I. Hanks, e. March 18, 1862, disd. Sept. 

27, 1862. 
Corp. Geo. M. Shearer, e. March 10, 1862, wd. at Mis- 
sionary Ridge, vet. March 12, 1864, captd.. at Til- 
ton, Ga. 
Alderson, Curti;, e. March 8, 1862, vet. March 10, 

1864, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 
Burris, John, e. March 26, 1862. 
Barber, Robert, e. March 7, 1862. 
Biby, J. F., e. March 13, 1862. 
Chapman, J. T., c. March 14. 1862, wd. at Corinth, 

drowned at Mound City. 111. 
Conley, Philip, e. March 11, 1862, disd. Sept. 3, 1862. 
Conley, R. R., e. March 11, 1862. 
Campbell, S. N., e. March 15, 1862. 
Carpenter, G. B., e. March 26, 1862, disd. Feb. 1, 1863. 
Dixon, W. H., e. March 11, 1862, disd. Dec. 10, 1862. 
Deatherage, J. M., e. March 28, 1862, disd. Dec. 8, 1862. 
Deatherage, J. W., e. March 28, 1862. 
Decker, John, e. March 26, 1862, disd. Jan. 18, 1863. 
Decker, Adam, e. March 26, 1862, disd. March 11, 1863. 
Davis, Friend, e. March 28, 1862, disd. Nov. 26, 1863. 
Fulton, Moses, e. March 13, 1862, disd. Dec' 8, 1802. 
Goe, B. F., e. March 11, 1862, disd. Jan. 29, 1863. 
Green, J. T.. e. March 11, 1862, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 
Gregsby, J. M., e. Feb. 25, 1862, disd. June 25, 1862. 
Gregsby, W. L., e. Feb. 28, 1862, died at Corinth. 
Golady, Brunson, e. March 4. 1862, disd. June 10, 1863. 
Headley, J. V., e. March 11, 1862, died at Corinth. 
Headley, A. J., e. March 11, 1862, wd. at luka, disd. 

March 8, 1863. 
Hazelitt, W. H., e. March 17, 1862, vet. March 20, 1864. 
Hornback, H., e. March 17, 1862, disd. June 19, 1862. 
Hilton, J. K., e. March i, 1862, wd. at Mission 

Ridge, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 
Hamilton, J. H., e. March 10, 1862, vet. March 12, 1864. 
Kimpson, H., e. March i, 1862, disd. Sept. 24, 1862, 

Long, S. T., e. Feb. 28, 1862, disd. June 10, 1862. 
Munroe, James A., e. Feb. 10, 1862, wd. at Corinth, 

died Oct. 5, 1862. 
Myers, George H., e. March 3, 1862. 

Priest, M. G., e. Feb. 28, 1862, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 
Phelps, Josiah, e. March 10, 1862, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 
Parkhurst, J. S., e. March 10, 1862, wd. at luka, died 

Sept. 25, 1862. 
Parsons, A. J., e. March 20, 1862, disd. Sept. 3, 1862. 
Parker, J. C, e. March 20, 1862, disd. Sept. 24, 1862, 

Parks, Austin, e. March 3, 1862, disd. Aug. 19, 1862. 
Ream, A. W., e. March 11, 1862, wd. at luka, disd. 

June 2, 1863. 
Rushton. Byam, e. March 17. 1862, wd. at Jackson, 

Redman, William, e. March 18, 1862, disd. 
Sullivan, John, e. March i, 1862, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 
Searle, George D., e. March i, 1862, disd. Jan. 31, 

1863, disab. 
Shaw, L. W., e. March 4, 1862. 

Shaw, James N., e. March 4, 1862, disd. Aug. 12, 1862. 
Shearer, Artemus, e. Dec. 24. 1863. 
Smith, John C, e. March 11, 1862, disd. Aug. 6, 1862. 
Stephenson, John C, e. March 18. 1862, disd. Jan 6 

Stephenson, W., e. March 17, 1862. disd. Jan. 6, 1863. 
Stephenson. A., e. March 25. 1862, disd. June 2, 1863. 
Wilson, William H., e. A'larch i, 1862. 
Wilson, George M., e. March 4, 1862, disd. Oct. 17, 1862. 
Williams, R. E., e. March 7, 1862, wd. at luka. 
Wolf, H. C, wd. at Corinth, disd. May 7, 1863. 

Company F. 

Shawl, G. L., e. March 25. 1862. 

Company I. 

Elrick, Thomas J., e. March 24, 1862, vet. March 25, 

,1864, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 
Starkey, Charles, e. March 17, 1862, wd. at Jackson, 

Miss., kid. at ?iIission Ridge. 
Mann, Mark, e. March 26, 1862, vet. March 30, 1864. 


Whitehead, Jesse. 


[Note.— r/i!.f regiment z^'as mnstcrcd out at Little 
Rock, Ark., July 20, 1865.] 

Adjt. Elias J. Pike, e. as sergt. maj., prmtd. adjt. M^y 
14, 1864. 



Company D. 

Second Lieut. Jno. J. Lantner, e. as corp. July 12, 

1862, prnitd. 2d lieut. July 1, 1865. 
First Sergt. Lewis Godfrey, e. June 20, 1862. 
Sergt. Wm. H. McDowell, e. June 18, 1862, captd. 

at Poison Spring, Ark. 
Musician M. M. Lape, e. July 12, 1862. 
Applegate, John, e. July 22, 1862, disd. Feb. 23, 1863. 
Allison, Chas. T., e. July 7, 1862, disd. Jan. 19, 1865. 
Bon, A., e. July 20, 1862. 
Work, Jas., e. June 29, 1862, disd. Feb. 23, 1863. 

Company F. 

Capt. Wm. H. Evans, com. Aug. S, 1862, resd. Feb. 

27, 1863. 
Capt. John A. Bcltzen, e. as sergt. July 7, 1862, prmtd. 

1st lieut. Aug. 18, 1862, prmtd. capt. March 4, 1864. 
First Lieut. Jacob C. Millisack, e. as private July 7, 

1862, prmtd. 1st lieut. March 4, 1864, m. o. as sergt. 

May 29, 1865. 
First Lieut. Zaddock Oldham, e. as corp. July 7, 1862, 

prmtd. lot lieut. July i, 1865, m. o. as ist sergt. 
Second Lieut. Henry C. Nosier, com. Aug. 5, 1862, 

resd. Nov. 18, 1862. 
Second Lieut. Wm. P. Brodrick, e. as sergt. July 7, 

1862, prmtd. 2d lieut. Nov. 19, 1862, res. June 26, 

Sergt. Samuel Breese. e. July 7, 1862, disd. June 30, 

1864, for promotion 2d Ark. Inf. 
. Sergt. James Davis, e. July 7, 1862, disd. Jan., 1863, 

Corp. Woodford Catlin, e. July 7, 1862, disd. April, 9, 

Musician Thaddeus Stewart, e. July 7, 1862, disd. Feb. 

19, 1863. 
Allen, James, c. July 7, 1862. 
Boak, Wm. D., e. July 7, 1862. 

Baker, Jos., e. July 7, 1862, disd. Jan. 20, 1863, disab. 
Brown, H. H., e. July 7, 1862. 
Campbell, R. W., e. July 7, 1862. 
Crane, Jas. M., e. July 7, 1862. 
Clear, Geo. W., e.' July 7, 1862. 
Crank, H. H., e. July 7, 1862. 
Davenport, H., e. July ig, 1862. 
Hoit, H., e. July 7, 1862, captd. at Camden, Ark. 
Hill, T. J., e. July 7, 1862, died Nov. 5, 1862. 
Jordan, John, e. July 7, 1862, disd. April s, 1863, disab. 
Kales, Thos., e. July 7, 1862, disd. Jan., 1863, disab. 

Pyatt, Morgan, e. July 7, 1862, drowned near Van 

Buren, Ark. 
Pike, Elias J., e. July 7, 1862, wd. at Springfield, Mo. 
Stevens, Jas., e. July 7, 1862. 
Thompson, Jas., e. July 7, 1862. 
Ware, Wm. S., e. July 7, 1862. 
White, Olcott, e. July 7, 1862, died Dec. 22, J862. 
Wilson, Alfred, e. July 7, 1862, disd. Feb. 13, 1863, 

Weese, Samuel, e. July 7, 1862. 

Company K. 

Second Lieut. Daniel Henshaw, e. as sergt. July 7, 

1862, prmtd. 2d lieut. Aug. 6, 1862, res. March 25, 

Sergt. Homer C. Gibbs, e. July 22, 1862, wd. at Poison 

Spring, died in rebel camp at Camden, Ark. 
Corp. James McDonald, e. July 7, 1862, ' disd. Jan. 

19, 1863, disab. 
Brown, A., e. July 7. 1862. 

Dennis, Gabriel, e. July 25, 1862, died Jan. i, 1863. 
Durant, A. F., e. July 25, 1862. 
Maring, Jacob, e. July 22, 1862. 
Michael, Chas. A., e. July 22, 1862. 
Pimmegar, Peter, e. June 7, 1862. 


[Note. — This regiment was mustered out at Sa- 
vannah, Ga., July zs, i365.'\ 

Lieut. Col. Ephraim G. White, e. as ist lieut. Co. E,. 
Sept. 9, 1862, prmtd. capt., maj., then lieut. coL 
May 6, 1864, wd. at Winchester. 

Company E. 

Capt. Hiram C. Humbert, com. Sept. 9, 1862, res. Jan. 

29, 1863. 
Capt. Benj. D. Parks, com. 2d lieut. Sept. 9, 1862, 

prmtd. 1st lieut. Jan. 30, 1863, prmtd. capt. June 

10, 1863, kid. in battle of Winchester. 
Capt. Edward J. Dudley, e. as sergt. Aug. 4, 1862, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. Jan. 30, 1863, prmtd. ist lieat. 

June 10, 1863, prmtd. capt. Oct. i, 1864, wd. at 

Cedar Creek. 
First Lieut. Geo. D. Ulrich, e. as sergt. Aug. 8, 1862, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. June 10, 1863, prmtd. 1st lieut. 

Oct. I, 1864, wd. at Cedar Creek. 



Second Lieut. Samuel Day, e. as private Aug. 18, 

1862, prmtd. 2d lieut. July i, 1863, m. o. as sergt. 
Sergt. L. M. Godley, e. Aug. 6, 1862, wd. at Vicksburg, 

disd. Sept. 4, 1863. 
Sergt. Wm. E. Goe, e. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. June 16, 

1863, disab., died at St. Louis July 8, 1863. 
Sergt. Thos. M. Wilcoxen, e. Aug. 6, 1862, disd. Sept. 

4. 1863. . 

Sergt. O. J. Shoemaker, e. Aug. 6, 1862, wd. at Cedar 
Creek, disd. Feb. 6, 1865. 

Sergt. W. J. Warren, e. Aug. 9. 1862, wd. at Win- 
chester, disd. Jan. 25, 1865, disab. 

Corp. Matthew Walker, e. Aug. 8, 1862, captd. at Vicks- 
burg, died there June 5, 1863. 

Corp. Josiah B. Goodall, e. Aug. 6, 1862. 

Corp. Geo. Giltner, e. Aug. 4, 1862, wd. at Vicksburg, 
died May 23, 1863. 

Corp. Jas. A. Reeve, e. Aug.- 6, 1862, disd. March 27, 
1865, disab. 

Corp. J. B. Gardner, e. Aug. 8, 1862, captd. at Win- 

Corp. Benj. T. Ratcliff, e. Aug. 11, 1862. 

Corp. Jno. Giltner, e. Aug. 7, 1862, wd. at Cedar 
Creek, disd. May 26, 1865. 

Corp. Jas. A. Raney, e. Aug. g, 1862, kid. at Vicksburg. 

Corp. Benj. F. Pickerel, e. Aug. 7, 1862, captd. at 

Corp. W. J. Stalcup, e. Aug. 7, 1862, captd. at Win- 

Corp. E. W. Myers, e. Aug. 7, 1862, disd. Dec. 12, 1862. 

Musician W. S. Bartholamew, e. Aug. 2, 1862. 

Musician Alex. Giltner, e. Aug. 6, 1862, disd. Feb. 27, 

1864, disab. 

Wagoner, Martin E. Andrew, e. Aug. 4, 1862, disd. 
March 6, 1863, disab. 

Anderson, Thos., e. Aug. 8, 1862, captd. at Winchester. 

Anderson, Jas. M., e. Aug. 6, 1862, wd. at Vicks- 
burg, captd. at Winchester. 

Arnold, Chas. T., e. Aug. 8, 1862. 

Archer, H. H., e. Aug. 5, 1862, kid. at Vicksburg. 

Brooks, Jno. C, e. Aug. 7, 1862, wd. Vick.sburg. 

Bedell, D. E., e. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. Jan. 22, 1863, disab. 

Blewer, Isaac, e. Aug. 5, 1862, wd. and died at Vicks- 

Brower, David, e. Aug. 18, 1862, disd. June 5, 1863, 

Butler, John, e. Aug. 6. 1862, wd. at Vicksburg. 

Byers, S. C, f. Aug. 11, 1862, wd. at Winchester. 

Crow, Jno. M., e. Aug. 7, 1862. 

Chamberlain, A. L., e. Aug. 18, 1862, wd. at Vicksburg. 

Consolver, Allen, e. .Vug. 2, 1862. 

Cade, , A. F., e. Aug. 11, 1862. 

Davis, Moses, e. Aug. 7, 1862. 

Defew', Jos. M., e. Aug. 8, 1862. 

Donnelson, .Vdam, e. Aug. 18, 1862. 

Forrest, Jas. B., c. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Forrest. John, e. Aug. 5, 1862. 

Farnsworth. B., e. Aug. 4, 1862. 

Fuqua, S. A., e. July 26, 1862. 

Guy, Wm. F., e. Aug. 7, 1862, died at Keokuk Nov. 

16, 1863. 
Green, A. H., e. Aug. 8. 1862, kid. at Vicksburg. 
Giltner, Parker, e. Aug. 8, 1862. 
Garrison, S. S., e. .Aug. 2, 1862, wd. and died at Pt. 

Gibson. I 
Hondyshell, Wm. A,, e. Aug. 9, 1862. 
Haynes, Isaac, e. Aug. 2, 1862. 
Hale. B. F., e. Aug. 9, 1862, died Dec. 16, 1862, at 

Rolla, Mo. 
Jennings, Jos. W., e. Aug. 6, 1862, captd. at Cedar 

Jones. Orlando, e. Aug. 7, 1862. 

King, Cyrus D., e. Aug. 6, 1862, disd. July 15, 1864. 
Krincbrouk, Wm., e. Aug. 7, 1862, died Nov. 30, 1863. 
Kackly, Chas R.. e. Aug. 7, 1862, wd. at Vicksburg 

and Cedar Creek, disd. Jan. 5, 1863. wds. 
Lain, Samuel D., e. Aug. 6, 1862, wd. at Winchester. 
Lockwood, C. U., e. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. Jan. 26, 1863, 

Leggett, Cha^., e. Aug. 7. 1862. 
Lively, E. W., e. Aug. 8, 1862, wd. at Cedar Creek, 

died April 3, 1865. 
Lynch, E. F., e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Vicksburg. 
Mason, Jos. E., e. Aug. 10, 1862. 
Motes, N., e. -Vug. 6, 1862, wd. at Winchester. 
Mahon, Wm. A., e. Aug. 18, 1862, wd. at Winchester. 
Motes, John, e. Aug. 7, 1862, wd. at Cedar Creek. 
jMyers, A., e. Aug. 8, 1862, captd. at Cedar Creek. 
McCoy, John W., e. Aug. 9, 1862, wd. at Winchester. 
Morris, j\l. S., e. Aug. 8. 1862, disd. June 19, 1863, disab. 
Macklin, Geo. C. e. Aug. 8, 1862, wd. at Winchester. 
Macklin, A., e. Aug. 6, 1862, wd. at Winchester, disJ. 

Jan. 5, 1865. 
Magee, A., e. Aug. 9, 1862, kid. at battle of Vicksburg. 
McDaniels, Isaac, e. Aug. 8, 1862. 
McDonald, J., e. Aug. S, 1862, wd. and captd. at Cedar 

Matter, Peter, e. Aug. 15, 1862. 



Priest, J. A., e. Aug. 7, 1862, died Oct. 10, 1862. 
Parkhurst, M. M., e. Aug. 18, 1862, \vd. at Vicksburg, 

died May 26, 1862. 
Porter, Jas., e. Aug. 5, 1862, wd. at Winchester. 
Ray, Samuel, e. Aug. 6, 1862, died at Camp Cliola, La. 
Robinson, Jos., e. Aug. 6, 1862, disd. Dec. 12, 1862, disab. 
Robinson, Jas. G., e. Aug. 6, 1862, died at A^icksburg. 
Rusli, W. K., e. Aug. 18, 1862, died at Vicksburg. 
Reeve, Wm., e. Aug. 7, 1862. 
Roberts, Jas. T., e. Aug. 9, 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps 

Nov. 30, 1863. 
Stalcup, H. G., e. Aug. 9, 1862, wd. and captd. at 

Stalcup, John, e. Aug. g, 1862, kid. at battle of Vicks- 
Shoemaker, E. C, e. Aug. 9, 1862, captd. at Cedar 

Creek, died April 10, 1865. 
Stewart, A., e. Aug. g, 1862, disd. July 15, 1863, disab. 
Snyder, Plarman, c. Aug. 18, 1862, wd. at Vicksburg, 

died there July 9, 1863. 
Turner, A. W., e. Aug. 8, 1862, kid. at Vicksburg. 
Taylor, Jos. H., e. Aug. 6, 1862, wd. at Vicksburg, 

May 22 and July 12. 
Thompson, F., e. Aug. 18, 1862. 

Wright, John H., e. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. Sept. 22, 1864. 
Weir, James W., e. Aug. 8, 1862, trans, to Signal 

Corps Sept. 7, 1863. 
Wiley, Jas. F., e. Aug. 6, 1862, captd. at Cedar Creek, 

died at Annapolis, Md. 
Webb, Henry, e. Aug. 11, 1862, captd. at Winchester. 
White. John L., e. Aug. 8, 1862, died at Vicksburg. 
Yaryan, Wm. B., e. Aug. 8, 1862. 


[Note. — This regiment ivas mustered out at Duvall's 
Bluff, Ark., August 24. 7S65.] 

Col. Chas. W. Kittredge, com. Aug. 10, 1862. 

Maj. Thos. C. Woodward, com. Sept. 5. 1862, res. June 

2, 1863. 
Maj. A. H. Hamilton, com. adjt. Sept. 17, 1862. prmtd. 

maj. June 3, 1863, captd. at Mark's Mills, Ark., 

escaped July 2;;,. 1864. 
Surg. Colin G. Strong, com. asst. surg. Sept. 16. 18(12, 

prmtd. surg. Jan 4, 1865. 
Adjt. Stephen K. Mahon, e. as sergt. maj. Aug. 14, 

1862, prmtd. adjt. June 3, 1863, captd. at Mark's 

Mills. Ark. 
Q. jNI. Stevens W. Merrill, com. Oct. i, 1862. 

Com. Sergt. John C. Parish, Aug. 8, 1862, disd. Jan. 

28, 1865. 
Drum Maj. John M. Simons, e. Aug. 19, 1862, m. o. 

Dec. 19. 1862. 
Fife Maj. Philip Keister, e. Aug. 15, 1862, m. o. Dec. 

19, 1862. 

Company A. 

Belles, Isaac, e. Dec. 25, 1863, kid. at Mark's Mills, 

Livingston, F. G., e. Dec. 7, 1863, captd. at Mark's Mills. 

Company B. 

Capt. Edmund L. Joy, com. Oct. 4, 1862, maj. and 

judge advocate, Sept. 15, 1864. 
Capt. Samuel A. Swiggette, com. ist lieut. Oct. 4, 

1862, prmtd. capt. Dec. 2, 1864. 
First Lieut. Frank L. McNair, e. as sergt. Aug. 4, 

1862, prmtd. 2d lieut. July 30, 1864, prmtd. ist 

lieut. Dec. 2, 1864. 
Second Lieut. J. H. McVey, com. Oct. 4, 1862, captd. 

at Mark's Mills, res. July 29, 1864. 
Second Lieut. John W. Woods, e. Aug. 4, 1862, prmtd. 

2d lieut. Aug. 2, 1865. 
First Sergt. A. N. Barnes, e. Aug. 4, 1862, disd. May 

7, 1863, disab. 
Sergt. Robert S. Henderson, e. Aug. 9, 1862, disd. 

Feb. 21, 1863, disab. 
Sergt. Thos. R. Cole, e. Aug. 4, 1862, captd. at Mark'.s 

Sergt. Geo. W. Thayer, e. Aug. 9, 1862, died at 

Sergt. Joseph Wareham, e. Aug. 4, 1862, died at Little 

Sergt. Jas. Gaudy, e. Aug. 11, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Corp. Daniel Parse, e. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. July 11, 

1865, disab. 
Corp. Asahel Tyrrell, e. Aug. 9, 1862, trans, to V. R. 

C. Jan. 17. 1864. 
Corp. Lee J. Michael, e. Aug. 5. 1862, trans, for pro- 
motion to 4th Ark. Col. Inf. Jan. 10, 1864. 
Corp. Benj. F. Chisman, e. Aug. 9, 1862, captd. at 

:\Iark's Mills. 
Corp. Jesse I. Mudg, e. Aug. 2, 1862, disd. Nov. 24, 

1862, disab. 
Corp. Earl Barrow, e. Aug. 8, 1862, died at Little Rock. 
Corp. John S. Furze, e. Aug. 2, 1862. 



Corp. Samuel H. Harper, e. Aug. 2. 1862, trans, for 

promotion to 4th Ark. Col. Inf., Jan. 10, 1864. 
Musician James S. McGlasson, e. Aug. 4, 1862. 
Ayers, John W., e. Aug. 8, 1862, trans, to Marine 

Brigade Jan. 3, 1863. 
Abegg, Benj. F., e. Aug. 8. 1862. 
Ault, Jas. P., e. Aug. 4, 1862, died at Memphis. 
Belles, John N., Feb. 25, 1864. 
Belles, I. N., e. Feb. 25, 1864, captd. and kid. at 

Mark's Mills, Ark. 
Barker, Joshua, e. Aug. 4, 1862. 
Barker, William G., e. Aug. 4, 1862. 
Brown, John W., e. Aug. 11, 1862. 
Barnes, John, e. Aug. 8, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Bonham, H., e. Aug. 11, 1862. 
Crandall, T. W., e. Feb. 10, 1864, captd. at Mark's 

•Carter, Benj., e. Aug. 8, 1862, kid. at Mark's Mills. 
Case, L. H., e. Aug. 11, 1862. 
Chisman, Noyes, e. Aug. g, 1862, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills, died at Memphis. 
Cook, Miles, e. Aug. g, 1862. 
Custer, Willis N., e. Aug. 11, 1862. 
Clark, John W., e. Aug. 8, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Derby, Wm. C, e. Feb. 25, 1864, captd. at Mark's 

Derby, O. A., e. Aug. 8, 1862. 
Daneton, Wm., e. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. Feb. 7, 1863, 

Derby, Nelson, e. Aug. 8, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Fent, H. K., e. March 9, 1864, died at Little Rock. 
Fent. Jas. R., e. Aug. 8, 1862, wd. and captd. at Mark's 

Finley, James H., e. Aug. 11, 1862, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills, disd. April 17, 1865, wds. 
Gates, Levi, e. Aug. g, 1862, wd. and captd. at Mark's 

Garlinhouse, L., e. Aug. 8, 1862, trans, to V. R. C. Jan. 

17, 1864. 
Good, Ashford, e. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. Jan. 21, 1863, 

Good, Daniel, e. Aug. 8, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Howard, Geo., e. Aug. 8, 1862, died Oct. 8, 1862, at 

Kline, John P., e. Feb. 10, 1864. 
Harsin, Jas. V., e. Aug. 4, 1862, disd. May 4, 1863, 

Kent, H, W., e. Feb. 10, 1864, kid. at Mark's Mills. 
Johnston, Wm., e. Aug. 9, 1862. 

Jones, John M., e. Aug. g, 1862, disd. Nov. 17, 1863. 
Kirkpatrick, D. W., e. Feb. 10, 1864, kid. at Mark's 

Kendall, Thos., e. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. March 12, 1863, 

Kirkpatrick, H. R., e. Feb. 10, 1864. 
Kirk, James, e. Aug. 11, 1864, trans, to Inv. Corps 

April 30, 1864. 
Lanman, J , e. Jan. 4, 1864. 
Lyon, Jas. H., e. March 23, 1864. 
McMahill, J. W., c. Aug. 8, 1862. 
Major, Jas. S., e. Dec. 10, 1863, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
McCormick, T. J., 0. Aug. 8, 1862, wd. and captd. 

at Mark's Mills. 
McGrew, J. F., e. Jan 4, 1864. 
McGasson, Geo. B.. e. Aug. 4, 1862. 
McKown, H., e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. Feb. 13, 1863, 

Merrman, M. D., e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. Jan. 13, 1863, 

McKown. F., e. Aug. 11, 1862. 
Olney. Geo. W., e. Feb. 10, 1864, captd. at Mark's 

Oswald, Jacob, e. Aug. 9, 1862. 
Pence, John, e. Feb. 10, 1864, wd. and captd. at Mark's 

Pratt, H. A., e. Aug. 3, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Pollock, I. H., e. Feb. 10, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Peters. Thos., e. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. March 6, 1863, 

Rubel, M. E. S., e. Feb. 10, 1864, captd. at Mark's 

Parsons, G. W., e. Aug. 11, 1862, died at Helena, Ark. 
Rubel, J. W., e. Feb. 10, 1864, wd. and captd. at Mark's 

Rader, S. I., c. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. Feb. S. 1863, disab. 
Reece, C. W., e. Feb. 10, 1864, captd at Mark's Mills. 
Reading, C. W., e. Aug. 8, 1862. 
Ruble, M. E. S., e. Aug. 4, 1862, trans, to Marine 

Brigade Feb. g, 1863. 
Riley, Wm. P., e. Aug. 4. 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Smith, C. H.. e. Feb. 20, 1864, wd. and captd. at Mark's 

Smith, Jno. H., e. Aug. 8, 1862, died at Helena, Ark. 
Silvey, A. L., e. Aug. 11, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Stevenson, A., e. Aug. g, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Scott, W. H. H., e. Aug. 7, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Tinsley, P. R. S., e. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. June 27, 186.=;, 




Turpin, D. S., e. Aug. 8, 1862, died at Little Rock. 
Thompson, C, e. Jan. 5, 1864. 
Wood, Jno., e. Aug. 8, 1862, died at Helena, Ark. 
West, Jacob, e. Aug. 8, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Westlake, F. M., e. Aug. 7, 1862, disd. Jan. 8, 186.3, 

Wellman, Jno. S., e. Aug. 2, 1862, disd. Feb. 9, 1863, 

West, Wm., e. Jan. 18, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills, 

died at Camp Ford, Texas. 
Waggenner, G., e. Aug. 11, 1862. 

Company D. 

Capt. Thos. B. Hale, com. Oct. 4, 1862, captd. :it 

Mark's Mills, died while prisoner. 
Capt. Charles Birnbaum, com. 2d lieut. Oct. 4, 1862, 

captd. at Mark's Mills, Ark., prmtd. capt. Dec. 

20, 1864. Lieut. Ripley Baylies, com. Oct. 4, 1862. 
Second Lieut. Simeon Liggett, e. as ist sergt. Aug. 2. 

1862, prmtd. 2d lieut. Dec. 20, 1864. 
Sergt. Benj. F. Marts, e. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Sergt. Jesse Barber, e. Aug. g, 1862, died at Little Rock. 

Sergt. Minos Miller, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Sergt. H. Underwood, e. Aug. 12, 1862, captd. at 
Mark's Mills. 

Corp. John H. Sutfin, e. Aug. 4, 1862. 

Corp. Wm. L. Palmer, e. Nov. 20, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Corp. Geo. W. Nicely, e. Aug. 5, 1862, kid. at Mark's 

Corp. P. J. Andrus, e. Aug. 9, 1862, trans, for pro- 
motion 4th Ark. Cav. Jan. 9, 1864. 

Corp. Richard Hobson, e. Aug. 12, 1862, disd. Feb. 14. 

1863, disab. 

Corp. Peter Stuber, Aug. g, 1862, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills, died at Little Rock. 
Corp. Thos. West, e. Aug. 15, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Corp. Francis M. Dofflemyer, e. Aug. 11, 1862, captd. 

at Mark's Mills. 
Corp. C. C. Andrus, e. Aug. 9, 1862, died on Yazoo 

River April 8, 1863. 
Musician B. R. Shipley, e. Aug. 5, 1862. 
Musician Jos. Peach, e. Aug. 13, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Wagoner J. B. Morgan, e. Aug. 4, 1862. 
Amos, Wm., e. July 24, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Amos, Geo., e. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Abram, Isaac, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 
Archibald, Isaac, e. Aug. 13, 1862. 
Blair, J. M., e. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Blair, G. W., e. Aug. 15, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Croell, J. W. M., e. Aug. 12, 1862, died Dec. 2, 1862. 
Cochran, A. J., e. Aug. 15, 1862, disd. Aug. 3, 1863. 
Crane, F. M., e. Aug. 12, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Campbell, L., e. Aug. 4, 1862, captd. at Helena and at 

Mark's Mills. 
Crook, Andrew, e. Aug. g, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
DofHemeyer, J. D., e. Feb. 2g, 1864, captd. at Mark's 

Fox, Dixon, c. Aug. 15, 1862, died Feb. 8, 1863, at St. 

Foster, Robert, e. Aug. 11, 1862. 
Foster, J. S., Aug. 9, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Free. Jacob, e. Aug. 11, 1862. 
French, F. A., e. Aug. 12, 1862. 
Gufhway, D., e. Feb. 17, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills,. 

died at Camden, Ark. 
Gordon, B. F., e. Aug. 11, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Gray, D. F., e. Aug. 11, 1862. 

Gray, J. S., e. Aug. ir, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Hamaker, J. W., e. March 30, 1864. 
Hendrix, S., e. March 29, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Hughes, A. E., e. March 26, 1864. 
Hodges, J. T., e. Aug. 15, 1862. 
Johnson, H. C, e. March 30, 1864. 
Jones, Alexander, e. Jan. 5, 1864. 
Jones, A., e. Dec. 29, 1863, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Kerman, M., e. Nov. 4, 1861, died at Little Rock. 
Knox, Leonard, e. Aug. 11, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Kirfman, W. P., e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Shell Mound, 

Kirfman, A. G., e. March 30, 1864. 
Kavanagh, James, e. Aug. 21, 1862, captd. at Mark's- 

Little. C. E., e. Aug. 2, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills,. 

disd. June 8, 1865, disab. 
Lower, M., e. Jan. 4, 1864. 

Mardes, W. W., e. Aug. 12, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Mil ford, J. M.. e. March 26, 1864. 
Miller, J. H., e. Aug. 12. 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Miller, H. H., e. Aug. 15, 1862, captd. at Mark's :Mills. 
Morgan, William, e. Jan. 5, 1864. 
Mattoon, James, e. Aug. 9, 1862, died at St. Louis. 
Myers, G., e. Feb. 29, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Meeker, W. T., e. Aug. 15, 1862. 
Myers, D., e. Feb. 20, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Myers, Thomas, e. Aug. 15, 1862. 



Newell, S. H., e. Nov. 24, 1862. 

Orsbtin, Perin, c. Aug. i, 1862. 

Penick, H. S., e. Aug. 9, 1862. 

Parish, H., e. Aug. 14, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 

Parish, J. C, e. Aug. 8, 1862. 

Robinson, D. H., e. Feb. 8, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 

Roberts, Joseph, e. Aug. 13, 1862, disd. Jan. 27, 1863, 

Reed, Thomas, e. Aug. 15, 1862, died at Helena, Ark. 
Real, Henry, e. Aug. 2, 1862, died at St. Louis. 
Rose, Richard, e. Aug. 9, 1862, died at Keokuk. 
Shipley, W. P., e. Aug. 13, 1862, died Oct. 21. 1862. 
Secress, Jacob, e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. Nov. 3, 1863. 
Stuber, P., e. Aug. 9, 1862, disd. March 5, 1863. 
Steel, J. G., e. Aug. 15, 1862. 
Thompson, F., e. March 27, 1864. 
True, H. G., e. July 21, 1862, captd. at Mark's Alills. 
True, G. D., e. Nov. 24, 1864. 

Terhune, M. V., e. Aug. 5, 1862, disd. Feb. 7, '63, disab, 
Varner, H., e. Aug. 15, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Warner, A., e. Aug. 6, 1862, disd. Jan. 29, 1863, disab. 
Warren, Richard, e. Aug. 9, 1862, died at Helena, Ark. 
Williams, J, G., e. Aug. 15, 1862, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Way, Asbury, c. Aug. 15, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Warner, Peter, e. Nov. 4, 1862, wd. and captd. at Mark's 

Warner, Wm., e. Feb. 29, 1864, died at Little Rock. 

Ccmpnny E. 

Capt. William Mahon, com. Oct. 4, 1862, 

First Lieut. Richard PL Warden, com. Oct. 4. 1862, 

resd. Dec. 3, 1864. 
First Lieut. E. McLean B. Scott, e. as ist sergt. Aug. 

13, 1862, prmtd. to 2d lieut. Dec. 20, 1862, prmtd. 

to 1st lieut, Jan. 4, 1865. 
Second Lieut. Jacob Houk, com. Oct. 4, 1862, resd. Dec. 

19. 1863. 
Second Lieut. Allen A. Smith, e. as sergt. Aug. 18, 1862, 

prmtd. to 2d lieut. Jan. 4, 1865. 
Sergt. Henry Slagle, e. Aug. 12, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Sergt. J. H. Myers, e. Aug. 15, 1862. 
Sergt. C. R. Minnick, e. Aug. 13, 1862, disd. Feb. 14. 

1863, disab. 
Sergt. Louis Myers, e. Aug. 18, 1862, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills, died May 2, 1864. 
Sergt, George Slagle, e. Aug. 13, 1862. 

Corp. H. L. Thompson, e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Corp. Alvin Kindall, e. Aug. 13, 1862, died at Duvall's 

Corp. Elias Parke, e. Aug. 16, 1862, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Corp. Frederick Campbell, e. Aug. 8, 1862, captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Corp. Peter Shearer, c. Aug. 18, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Mills, died at Tyler, Texas. 
Corp. M. E. Jackson, e. Aug. 12, 1862, wd. and captd. 

at Mark's Mills, disd, June 14, 1865. 
Corp. Wm. O. Chadd, c. Aug. 12, 1862, disd. Feb. 5, 

1863, disab. 

Corp. George W. Dennis, e. Aug. 18, 1862, captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Musician Thomas Skinner, e, Aug, 16, 1862, wd, at 

Yazoo expedition, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Wagoner James E. Bland, e, .\i'g, 19, 1862. 
Adcock, H. A., e, Aug. 16, 1862, wd. and captd At 

Mark's Mills. 
Byerly, Solomon, e. Aug. 15, 1862, died at Memphis, 
Butler, William PL, e. Aug. 16, 1862, disd, Feb, 20, 

1864, disab. 

Bower, Moses, e, Aug. 15, 1862, disd. Feb. 6, 1863, disab. 

Bevin, Joseph, e. Aug. 21, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 

Beatley, John A., e. Aug. 15, 1862, died at Helena, Ark. 

Butler, George, e. Aug. 21, 1862, disd. Feb. 11, 1863. 

Cooper, S. D., c. Feb. 24, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 

Caldwell, W. H. H., e. Aug. 19, 1862. 

Canon, C. W., e, Jan. i, 1S64. 

Cooper, George W., e. Aug. 20, 1862. 

Collins, John J., e. Dec. 25, 1863. 

Campbell, S. W., e. Feb. i, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills, 

died at Tyler, Texas. 
Chance, John J., e. Aug. 13, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills, 
Campbell, James H., e. Aug, 13, 1862, died at Jefferson 

Barracks, Mo. 
Conn, D. H.. e. Aug. 22, 1862. 
Decker, John H., e. Aug. 22, 1862, captd. at i\Iark's. 

Duffee, John, e. Aug. 22. 1862, captd. at Alark's Mills. 
Dennis, John B., e, Aug. 16, 1862. 
England, John F., e. Aug. 16, 1862, trans, to Inv. 

Corps Aug. 30, 1864. 
Fenton, T. W., e. Dec. 13, 1863, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Gee, Solomon, c. Aug. 13, 1862, died Nov, 11, 1862, 
Green, S., e, Dec. 25, 1863. 
Garrison, Alonzo, e. Feb. 24, 1864, captd. at Mark's. 




Honn, Henry, e. Aug. 12, 1862, disd. Dec. 22, 1864. 

Hale, J., e. Jan. 4, 1864. 
Hill, John W., e. Aug. 14, 1864. 
Hale, G., e. Jan. 4, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Harness, H., e. Aug. 13, 1862. 
Henderson, John, e. Aug. 20, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Hale, H. C, e. Jan. 4, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills, 

died at Tyler, Texas. 
Harness, John, e. Aug. 14, 1862, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills, disd. Sept. 28, 1864. 
Hale, H., e. Jan. 4, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Jackson, Richard, e. Aug. 16, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Jackson, Wm. W., e. Aug. 14, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

~~ Mills. 
Judson, Charles, e. Aug. 22. 1862, died at Helena, Ark. 
Keethler, .Alex., e. Aug. 13, 1862, died Oct. 29, 1862, at 

Pt. Isabel. 
Kigar, Joseph, e. Aug. 18, 1862, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills, died May 7, 1864. 
Kindall, Abraham, e. Aug. 13, 1862, disd. June 27, 1865, 

Lay, Peter H., e. Dec. 22, 1863, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Lorr, M., e. Jan. 5, 1864. 

Leslie, Jos., e. Feb. 18, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Leslie, Wm. H., e. Feb. 18, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills, 

kid. at Tyler, Texas. 
Soper, Cud. C, e. Aug. 22, 1862. 
McMahon, George L., e. Aug. 22, 1862, captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
McCallum, T. J., e. Dec. 25, 1863. 
McMullin, John, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 
Matthews, Isaac, e. Aug. 14, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Mendenhall, C. W., e. Aug. 22, 1862, disd. June 6, 1865. 
Miller, John L., e. Aug. 21, 1862. 

Nelson, J., e. Aug. 22, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Peden, Jos., e. Aug. 13, 1862, wd. and captd. at Mark's 

Mills, disd. March 13, 1865, disab. 
Phillips, George W., e. Aug. 18, 1862, wd. and captd. 

at Mark's Mills. 
Parrott, H. J., e. Aug. 22. 1862, disd. June 21, 1864, 

Parker, Jas., e. Aug. 18, 1862, disd. March 25, 1863, 

Randall, B. P., e. Feb. 25, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Rupe, I. W., e. Aug. 13, 1S62, died at Helena, Ark. 

Skinner, J. B., e. Dec. 25, 1863. 

Sliirkey, Darius, e. Aug. 16, 1862, disd. Dec. 12, '64, 

Shirkey, A. J., e. Aug. 22, 1862. 
Scully, John C, e. Aug. 14, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Sebern, John H., e. Aug. 22, 1862. 
Stanton, Andrew, e. Aug. 18, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Sheffer, John, e. Aug. 18. 1862. 

Sheffer, Joseph, e. Aug. 22, 1862, died at Alton Mili- 
tary Prison, 111., Sept. 30, 1863. 
Sheffer, Elias, e. Aug. 22, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Summerlott, Samuel, e. Aug. 18, 1862. 
Shearer, Andrew, e. Aug. 18, 1862, died at Helena, Ark- 
Summerlott, Jno., e. Aug. ig, 1862. 
Thompson, Wm. J., e. Aug. 22, 1862. 
Thompson, Jesse H.. e. Aug. 20, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Vermelan, J., e. Jan. 11, 1864, wd. at Mark's Mills, disd. 

Nov. 25, 1864. 
Weaver, John, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died Nov. 10, 1862, at 

Keokuk. « 

Wallace, Curtis, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. April 20, 1863, 

Wallace, A. H., e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. April 23, 1863, 

Williams, Van B., e. Aug. 13, 1862. 
Watkins, _F. M., e. Aug. 18, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Mills, died there April 21, 1865. 
Wilson, John, e. Aug. 19, 1862. 
Wallace. D. M., e. Jan. 4, 1864, wd., captd. and died 

Mark's Mills. 
Wallace, W., e. Jan. 4, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Wallace, T. H., e. Jan. 4, 1864, captd. and died at 

Mark's Mills. 

Company F. 

Niel, Wm., e. Jan. 5, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Duckworth, L., e. Feb. 11, 1864, died at Memphis. 

Company G. 
Wade, Alex., e. Dec. 28, 1863. 

Company H. 

Capt. Jno. E. Wright, com. Oct. 4, 1862, resd. March 

23, 1864. 
Capt. Wm. H. Clifton, com. ist lieut. Oct. 4, 1862, 

prmtd. capt. March 24, 1864. 
First Lieut. Jno. M. Thompson, e. as sergt. Aug. 7, 



1862, prmtd. 2d lieut. June 3, 1863, prmtd. ist lieut. 
Jan. 8, 1865. 

Second Lieut. Wm. P. Sharp, Oct. 4, 1862, resd. June ~, 

Second Lieut. Andrew J. Garloch, e. as . prmtd. 2d 

lieut. Jan. 8, 1865. 
Sergt. L. Winder, e. Aug. i, 1862. 
Sergt. Wm. T. Scott, e. Aug. 8, 1862, died at Duvall's 

Corp. Wm. Gray, e. Aug. 2, 1862. 
Corp. I. N. Holloway, e. Aug. 11,. 1862. 
Corp. Jno. N. McLoney, e. July 25, 1862, died Dec. 

6, 1862, at Benton Barracks, Mo. 
Corp. Jno. Archibald, e. Aug. i, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Mills, died at Duvall's Bluff. 
Corp. D. T. Anderson, e. Aug. 9, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Corp. M. B. Bishop, e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. Feb. 4, 

1863, disab. 

Corp. Wm. Heppel, e. Aug. 13, 1862, trans, for prmtn. 

to 2d lieut. 2d Ark. Col. Regt. 
Corp. D. H. Cowyer, e. Aug. 5, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Corp. Isaac W. Powell, c. Aug. 4, 1862, wd. and captd. 

at Mark's Mills. 
Corp. Levi Overman, c. Aug. 11, 1862, wd. and captd. 

at Mark's Mills. 
Musician S. K. Rudolph, e. Aug. 11, 1862. 
Musician Philip Keister, e. Aug. 15, 1862. 
Wagoner Rufus Tindell, e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. Feb. 

6, 1863, disab. 
Atwell, Jno. E., e. Aug. 7, 1862, wd. and captd. ,it 

Mark's Mills. 
Atwell, W. H., e. Aug. 7, 1862, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Anderson, Geo., e. Dec. 12, 1863, captd. at Mark's. Mills. 
Allison, Jonathan, e. Aug. 21, 1862, disd. Nov. 3, 1863, 

Bland, J. W. S., e. Aug. 9, 1862, wd. "^'azoo expedition. 
Bollinger, M. V., e. Aug. 15, 1862. 
Boster. J. L.. e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. April 4, 1864. 
Bridges, H. M., e. Aug. 21, 1862. 
Burns, T. S., e. .Aug. 9, 1862, wd. and captd. at Clark's 

Benedict, A. J., e. July 20, 1862. 
Barnes, Ezekiel, Aug. 16, 1862, disd. Dec. 18, 1862, 

Cowger, D., e. Aug, 7, 1862, disd. Jan. 6, 1864, disab. 
Ceist, E., e. Jan. 5, 1864. 

Cooper, J. M., e. Aug. 8, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 

Cade, Wm., e. Aug. 8, 1862. 

Davis, John N., e. Jan. i, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 

Carr, S. M., e. Aug. 7, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 

Davis, L. W., e. in March, 1864. 

Ervin, A. S., e. Aug. 8, 1862, kid. at Mark's Mills. 

Fuller, John W., e. July 25, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

George, Wm. S., e. March 23, 1864. 
Godfrey, F. M., e. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. Feb. 25, 1863,. 

Halloway, R. E., e. March 19, 1864. 
Hoffman, Henry, e. Aug. 5, 1862. 
Halloway, M. C, e. March 22, 1864. 
Halicy, Daniel, e. Aug. 7, 1862. 
Hobbs, John T., e. Nov. 19, 1862. 
Harris, W. H., e. Aug. 9, 1862, disd. Jan. 7, 1863. 
Hudson, Wm. H., e. Jan. 4, 1864, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Hobbs, Samuel P., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 
Hamilton, Wm., e. Dec. 17, 1863, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Holsey, S. T., e. Aug. 14, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills,. 

disd. June 27, 1865, disab. 
Johnson, Samuel M., e. Aug. 13, 1862, trans, for pro- 
motion to 2d Ark. Col. Regt. June 7, 1863. 
Kitterman, F. M., e. Feb. 29, 1864, died Aug. 8, 1864. 
Kitterman, Geo. W., e. Jan. i, 1864, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Kitterman, A. K.. e. Aug. 10, 1862, died at Keokuk. 
King, Jas. R., e. Dec. 29, 1863. 

King, Daniel, e. Aug. 11, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Lowe, Geo., e. Aug. 8, 1862. captd. at ^.lark's Mills. 
Lentz, T. E., e. Dec. 11, 1863. 
Lamb, Jame.s M., c. Aug. 10, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Long, J. H., e. Feb. 20, 1864. 
Lowenberg, Wm., e. Feb. 24, 1S64, wd. at Jenkins" 

Ferry, Ark. 
Lowe, David, e. Jan. 13, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Lentner, H. L, e. Aug. 7, 1862. 
McKowen. H., e. Jan. i, 1864, captd. at Mark's ^Nlills, 

died at Tyler. Texas. 
Mullenix, Jas., e. .Vug. 3, 1862. 

Marrow, John. c. Aug. 5, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
McCoy, Aaron, e. Aug. 6, 1862, disd. Feb. 6, 1863, disab. 
Moyer, John C, e. Aug. 5', 1862. 
Martin, Wm., e. Aug. 2, 1862, disd. April 13, 1863, 




Moffat. T. W., e. Aug. 27, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills, 

disd. June 27, 1865, disab. 
Moore, Jas., e. Aug. 6, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
McCune, Jas. H., e. Aug. 7, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Martin, James C, e. Aug. 12, '62, disd. Feb. 27,. '6,3 

Morrison, Jas., e. Aug. 26, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Owen.- H. C, e. Aug. 7, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Powell, Wm., e. Dec. 14, 1863, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Patgett, J., e. Dec. 17, 1863, kid. at Mark's Mills. 
Prosser, C. H., e. Jan. 19, 1864. 
Richards, John E., e. Feb. 6, 1864, captd. at Mark's 

Mills, died at Tyler, Texas. 
Reams, Samuel, e. Aug. 9, 1862. 
Rush, John, e. Aug. 7, 1862. 
Richards, L. W., e. Aug. 7, 1862. 
Scott, F. M., e. July 25, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Southard, F., e. Aug. 7, 1862, captd. at Mark's Milh, 

died at Magnolia, Ark. 
Sterns, James, e. Aug. i, 1862, disd. April 9, 1863, 

Silvers, E. M., e. Aug. 7, 1862. 
Shearer, J. L., e. Aug. 8, 1862. 
Stinson, Wm., e. Aug. 19, 1862, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills, died April 26, 1864. 
Thomas, T. P., e. Aug. 8, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Troxell, Wm. D., e. Aug. 15, 1862. 
Wright, Jas., e. Aug. 8, 1862. 
Wright, Albert, e. Aug. 8, 1862. 
Whipple, Jos. E., e. March 13, 1864, died at Little 

Walker, C. S., e. March 23, 1864. 
Hobbs, John T., e. Nov. 19, 1862. 

Company I. 

Harris, John H., e. Dec. 27, 1863, kid. at Mark's Mills. 

Company K. 

Musician Wm. B. A. Carter, e. Aug. 22, 1862, captd. 

at Mark's Mills. 
Hopper, A., e. Aug. 22, 1862, disd. Jan. 3, 1863, disab. 
Phillips, Jas. B., e. Aug. 22, 1862, disd. Feb. 26, 1863, 

Robertson, Jas. S., e. Aug. 18, 1862, died at Keokuk. 


Fenton, T. W., e. Dec. 13, 1863. 
Dodd, D. S., e. Feb. 24, 1864. 
Ekin, Wm., e. Feb. 8, 1864. 

Hollingworth, T. W., e. Feb. 6, 1864. 
Mayers, Wm. M., e. March 18, 1864. 
Rupe, John M., e. Feb. 17, 1864. 
Skinner, S. W., e. Feb. 20, 1864. 
Stubers, Philip, e. Feb. 29, 1864. 
Smith, John e. Feb. 24, 1864. 
Tillottson, H. D., e. March 26, 1864. 
Thompson, Geo. M., e. March II, 1864. 
Wolfe, J., e. Feb. 22, 1864. 


[Note. — This regiment was mustered out at Daven- 
port, loitia. Date not given in Adjutant General's 

Company E. 

Capt. Resen Banks, com. Dec. 15, 1862. 

Sergt. Peter Goff, c. Aug. 15. 1862. 

Sergt. Jos. Meyers, e. Oct. 21, 1862. 

Sergt. T. Blake, e. Sept. 18, 1862, disd. Oct. 6, 1864, 

Corp. R. D. Lyon, e. Sept. 20, 1862, disd. May 26, 

1864. disab. 
Corp. Thos. Lottridge, e. Sept. 13, 1862. 
Corp. H. H. Draper, c. Sept. 20, 1862. 
Wagoner John Shauntronan, e. Nov. 25. 1862. 
Asbury, Benj., e. Sept. zy, 1862, disd. March 6, 1863, 

Berkey, Jos., e. Nov. 27, 1862. 
Chapman, A., e. Sept. 21, 1862. 
EJavis, F., e. Sept. 20, 1862. 

Derby, C. W., e. Nov. 27, 1862, disd. Nov. 4, '6s, disab. 
Deashmutt. B. B., e. Nov. 27, 1862. 
Easthans, E. G., e. Sept. 26, 1862. 
Pent, Wm., e. Sept. 26, 1862. 

Godfrey, E., e. Oct. 6, 1862, disd. May 18, 1864, disab. 
Guyton, Benj., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Hornbaker, I., e. Nov. 20, 1862, disd. April 28, 1863, 

Henderson, G. W., e. Oct. 11, 1862, disd. Nov. 21, 1863, 

Huyne, Andrew, e. Sept. 23, 1862. 
Hackley, W. H., e. Sept. 27, 1862. 
Kiaf, J., e. Sept. 28, 1862. 
Lyon, A. E., e. Oct. 2, 1862. 

Mathess, Wm., e. Sept. 20, 1862, died Feb. 16, 1863. 
McClees, Alex., e. Sept. 15, 1862, disd. March 18, 1865, 

Mowre, Jas. A., e. Sept. 27, 1862. 



Powell, Isaac, e. Sept. 25, 1862. 

Rowley, Wm., e. Sept. 14, 1862. 

Roberts, Lewis, e. Sept. 11, 1862. 

Reynolds, Silas, e. Sept. 26, 1862, disd. May 18, 1864, 

Strickland, Wm., e. Nov. 20, 1862. 
Simmons, E,, e. Sept. 20, 1862. 

Stevens, B., e. Sept. 15, 1862, disd. April 6, 1863, disab. 
Silver, Samuel, e. Sept. 25, 1862, died March 27, 1863. 
Schroyer, F., e. Nov. 2r, 1862, disd. Jan. 18, 1865, disab. 
Tidball, D. H., e. Oct. 8, 1862, disd. Dec. 24, 1864, disab. 
Thompson, S. W., e. Oct. 8, 1862. 
Warren, D., e. Sept. 28, 1862, disd. Dec. 24, 1864, disab. 

Company I. 

Clark, James, e. Oct. i, 1862. 


[Note. — Date of the mustering-out of this Regiment 
is not given in Adjutant General's Report.^ 

Adjt. Geo. W. Devin, com. June 4, 1864. 

Company C. 

First Lieut. Jno. T. Wallin, com. May 7, 1864. 

Second Lieut. Jas. Hawley, Jr., com. May 7, 1864. 

Sergt. Robt. N. McMillan, e. May 21, 1864. 

Sergt. F. M. Bush, e. May 7, 1864. 

Corp. Wm. L. Daggett, e. May 20, 1864. 

Corp. I. N. Yates, e. May 9, 1864. 

Corp. Andrew Clark, e. May 21, 1864. 

Corp. Chas. Miller, e. May 11, 1864. 

Musician S. C. Henshaw e. May 7, 1864. 

Adleta, Aug,, e. June 7, 1864. 

Carpenter, Geo. B., e. May 7, 1864, died Aug. 21, 1864, 

at Helena, Ark. 
Dennis, Jas. M., e. May 14, 1864. 
Daily, Dennis, e. May 7, 1864. 
Davis, John, e. May 16, 1864. 
Dennis, Benj., e. May i, 1864. 
Davidson, J. C, e. May 24, 1864. 
Goodwin, Wm., e. May 7, 1864. 
Gossage, Jno., e. May 20, 1864. 
Holloway, S. P., e. May 7, 1864. 
Hayne, N. B., e. May 9, 1864, died Sept. 22, 1864. 
Johnson, F. M., e. May 7, 1864.. 

Knight, C. F., e. May 7, 1864. 
Myrick, L. A., e. May 7, 1864. 
Myrick, Wm. L., e. May i, 1864. 
Parks, R. H., e. May 7, 1864. 
Ross, John, e. May 7, 1864, died. 
Silsby, E. W., e. May 7, 1864. 
Spurgeon, Samuel, e. May g, 1864. 
Shewry, Chas., e. May 18, 1864. 
Starkey, Wm. J., e. May 23, 1864. 
Shreve, Jas. R., e. May 7, 1864. 
Thompson, E, O., e. May 14, 1864. 

Company H. 

Corp. Wm. Dinsmore, e. May 9, 1864. 
Atkinson, Jewett, e. May 9, 1864. 
Carson, Jno. A., c. May 9, 1864. 
Davis, Daniel, e. May 7, 1864. 
Daggett, Geo. M., e. May 3, 1864. 
Hagey, Wm. F. H., e. May 9, 1864, died Oct. i, 1864. 

Company K. 

Capt. Wm. H. P. Norris, com. June 4, 1864. 
Second Lieut. C. M. J. Reynolds, com. June 4, 1864. 
Sergt. C. D. Hendershott, e. April 29, 1864. 
Sergt. Simon P. Wayne, e. April 28, 1864. 
Sergt. Joseph A. Israel, e. May 12, 1864. 
Sergt. E, W. Myers, e. May 4, 1864. 
Corp. Geo. W. Murray, e. April 29, 1864. 
Corp. Wm. E. Davis, c. April 9, 1864. 
Corp. John Q. Wood, e. April 30, 1864. 
Corp. S. M. Woodford, e. April 28, 1864. 
Corp. Louis Wilford, e. April 28, 1864. 
Corp. Geo. W. Nimocks, e. May 12, 1864. 
Corp. Samuel P. Johnson, e. April 28, 1864. 
Musician Wm. Engle, e. May 10, 1864. 
Musician Jas. A. Clark, e. May 17, 1864. 
Armstrong, D. L., e. April 28, 1864. 
Allan, John B., e. May s, 1864. 
Allred, John P., e. May 9, 1864. 
Bills, Neal S.. e. May 10, 1864. 
Burman, Louis, e. May 24, 1864. 
Cooper, John, e. May 11, 1864. 
Cramer, Samuel E., e. May 4, 1864. 
Cramer, A. J., e. May 4, 1864. 

Collier, E., e. May 24, 1864, died Aug. 27, 1864, at 
Helena, Ark. 



Derby, E., e. April 29, 1864, 

Dorothy, C. H., e. May 26, 1864. 

Eyer, Jacob, e. April 29, 1864. 

Flesher, Wm. N., e. April 27, 1864. 

Flesher. Jas. P., e. April 28, 1864. 

Gates, Horatio, e. May 11, 1864. 

Goe, David E., e. May 7, 1864. 

Hall, Wm. A., e. May 9, 1864. 

Joseph, Jno. W., e. May 10, 1864. 

Koons, Cicero, e. April 29, 1864. 

Mudge, H. P., e. April 29, 1864. 

Messervey J. M., e. April 30, 1864. 

Nixon, Amos, e. May 3, 1864. 

Newell, Wm. M., e. May 4, 1864. 

Osborn, George W., e. May 6,' 1864, died Sept. 7, 1864, 

at Helena, Ark. 
Parks, Leander, e. May 7, 1864. 
Perrine, T. B., e. May 14, 1864. 
Pitman, A. M., e. May 3, 1864. 
Penwell, John N., e.. May 3, 1864. 
Reed, John W., e. May 10, 1864 
Sires, John F., e. May 4, 1864. 
Simipton, W. R., e. May 14, 1864. 
Wilson, H. O., e. May 7, 1864. 
Wilson, E. C., e. May 7, 1864. 


[Note.— ^This Regiment icas initstcrcd out at Austin, 
Texas, February 75, 1866.} 

Lieut. Col. Jos. W. Caldwell, com. capt. Co. I Sept." 23, 
1861, prmtd. maj. Aug. 26. 1862, prmtd. lieut. col. 
Ang. 21, 1863, wd. at Little Rock and Camden, m. o. 
Sept. 24. 1864. 

Com. Sergt. Daniel Easley, e. June 13, 1861. 

Company A. 

Corp. Samuel H. Newell, July 18, 1861. 

Company H. 

Saddler H. G. Bates, e. July 18, 1861, vet. Jan. 4, 1864, 

trans, to V. R. C. April 28. 1865. 
Wagoner S. S. Bates, e. July 18, 1861, vet. Jan. 4, 1864. 
Dickson, C e. July 18, 1861, vet. Jan. 4, 1864. 

Company I. 

First Lieut. Jos. H. Springer, e. as sergt. June 13, 1861, 
prmtd. 1st lieut. Jan. 9 1865. 

Second Lieut. Wm. H. Kitterman, com. June 13, 1861, 

served as capt. of veterans from May 2, 1864, com. 

as capt. Nov. 3, 1864, resigned Dec. 8, 1864. 
Second lieut. Samuel M. Lindsay, e. as private July 18, 

1861, prmtd. 2d lieut. Jan. 9, 1865. 
First Sergt. Benj. W. Searle, e. June 13, 1861, disd. 

March 13, 1863, disab. 
Sergt. Saml. Walker, e. July 18, 1861, disd. Sept. 12, 

1863, disab. 
Sergt. Robt. P. Caldwell, e. Nov. 9, 1861. 
Sergt. Wm. B. Brim, e. June 13, 1861, died at Mountain 

Grove, Mo., March 12, 1863. 
Corp. Thos. J. Meyers, e. June 13, 1861. 
Corp. P. J. B. Ping, e. Oct. i, 1861. 
Corp. E. P. Jobe, e. Sept. 14, 1862, died at Little Rock,, 

Corp. Wm. Davis, e. July 18, 1861, disd. Nov. i, 1862, 

Corp. A. J. Chapman, e. June 13, 1861, vet. Jan. 1, 

Farrier R. B. Stevens, e. July 18, 1861. 
Barnett, A. H., e. July 18, 1861. 
Brills. N. W., e. July 18. 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Boster, J. M., e. July 18, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Creamer, Theo., e. July 18, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, wd. 

at Chalk Bluff, died at Antwineville, Kan., of wds. 

received at Camden. 
Clark, M. S., e. July 18, ,1861, wd. at Chalk Bluff, vet. 

Jan. I, 1864. 
Clark, Wm., e. July 18, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Clark, Thos., e. July 18, 1861, disd. March 24, 1862, 

Dickens, Geo. W., vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Davis, Jno. A., e, July 18, 1861, vet Jan. i, 1864. 
Davis, T, G., e. July 18, 1861. 
Earl, Wm. D., e. July 18, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Gillespie, A. J., c. July 18, 1861. 
Godfrey, L. N., e. July 18, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Harris, Jos. C, e. Aug. 16, 1862, died July 7, 1863. 
Hendrickson Jackson, e. July 18, 1861, wd, at Little 

Rock, Ark, 
Jobe, Jno. H., e. Sept. 24, 1862. 
Lindsey, S. M., e. July 18, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Linn, H. C, e. July 18, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Macklin, Jno. M., e. July 18, 1861, vet, Jan. i, 1864, kid, 

in action at .\ntwineville, Ark. 
McFarling, C. H., e. July 18, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, died 

at Little Rock. 
]\IcGuire, Jas., e. June 13, 1861, deserted Jan. 6, 1863. 
Pegg, Jas. A., e. Sept, 18, 1862. 



Myers, T. T., e. June 13, 1861. 

Monroe, Wm. N., e. June 13, 1861, disd. March i, 1863, 

Priest, Geo. W., e. June 13, 1861. 
Ping, W. N., e. June 13, 1861, disd. March 14, 1863, 

Phelps, A. B., e. 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Rouse, Geo. W., e. 1861. 
Shreeve, Jno., e. 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Stevens, Dexter, c. Aug. 13, 1861, kid. May 25, 1862. 
Sylvester, Geo. W. 
Thompson, J. N., vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Taylor, Wm. 

Company L. 


Eickley, Thos. R., e. Feb. 16, 1864. 
Bishop, Wm. N., e. Feb. 2, 1864. 
Crandall, H. S., e. Feb. 12, 1864. 
Decker, David, c. Feb. 10, 1864. 
Dowrife, Jerome, e. Feb. 13, 1864. 
Davis, Ira A., e. June 30, 1864. 
England, Jas. K. P., e. Jan. 25, 1864. 
Fairburn, Hugh, e. Feb. 25, 1864. 
Jobe, Wm. S., e. June 30, 1864. 
Kitterman, Jno., e. Feb. 23, 1864. 
Lair, Edw. B., e. Jan. 15, 1864. 
Maclin, C. W., e. Feb. 12, 1864. 
McMains, David, e. Feb. 29, 1864. 
Robins, A., e. Feb. 12, 1864. 
Robinson, T. C., e. Feb. 24, 1864.' 
Vanwinkle, Wm., e. Feb. 24, 1864. 
Vanwinkle, Willis, e. Feb. 4, 1864. 
Williams, Conrad, e. Feb. 10, 1864. 


[Note.— r/n> regiment ivas mustered out at Atlanta. 
Ga., August p, 186$.] 

Asst. Surg. Wm. L. Orr, com. April 21, 1862, surg. 

2ist Inf. Dec. 2, 1862. 
B. V. S. Willard S. Lewis, e. Sept. 3, 1861, m. o. Nov. 

30, 1862. 

Company D. 

Sergt. F. J. Comstock, e. Aug. 24, 1861, disd. July, 10, 
1862, disab. 

Sergt. N. Barnes, e. Aug. 24, 1861, captd. at La Grange, 

Ark., vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Corp. D. S. Beers, e. Aug. 24, i86r, wd. at Coldwater, 

Tenn., vet. Jan. i, 1864, died at Macon, Ga. 
Bugler F. M. Bush, e. Sept. 16, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge. 
Ball, E., e. Feb. 4, 1864, wd. at Osage, Mo. 
Butin, C. J., e. Sept. 10, 1861, captd. at Pea Ridge. 
Day, Jos., e. Jan. 4, 1864. 
Deford, W., e. Aug. 24, 1861, captd. at La Grange, 

Ark., vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Duffey, David, e. Aug. 24, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Fairchild, Wm. J., e. Aug. 24, 1861, died at St. Louis. 
Gray, T. P., e. Aug. 24, 1861, kid. at battle of Pea 

Martindale, Wm. T., e. Aug. 24, 1861, disd. June 5, 

1862, disab. 
Martindale, Jac. C, e. Aug. 24, 1861. 
Myrick, S. G., e. Aug. 24, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Sellars, John, e. Aug. 24, 1861, killed at Pea Ridge. 
Strange, Wm., e. Sept. 27, 1861, captd. at La Grange, 

Ark., vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Voorhies, E., kid. at Pea Ridge. 

Company E. 

Eplay, Geo. W., e. Feb. 24, 1864. 
Eplay, Thos., e. Feb. 18, 1864. 
Fisher, Geo., e. Feb. 15, 1864. 
King, H. M., e. Feb. 10, 1864. 
Moore, Geo., e. March 28, 1863. 
Sullivan, Jas., e. Feb. 15, 1864. 

Company K. 

First Lieut. Geo. W. Stamm, e. as Q. I\I. sergt. Sept. 3, 

1861, prmld. to 1st lieut. Sept. 21, 1864. 

Q. M. Sergt. John D. Pickett, e. Sept. 3, 1861, disd. 

Sept. 29, 1862, disab. 
Sergt. W. H. Blake, e. Sept. 3, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, 

disd. July 28, 1865. 
Sergt. Thos. E. Commons, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Corp. A. D. Woodruff, e. Sept. 3, 1861, disd. Sept. 18, 

1862, disab. 

Wagoner A. K. Ewing, e. Sept. 3, 1861. 

Austin, Wm., vet. Jan. i, 1864, captd. at Ripley, Aliss., 

died at Andersonville. 
Borman, T., e. Sept. 3, i86r, vet. Jan. i, 1864, captd. 

at Ripley, Miss., died at Wilmington, N. C. 
Carlton, A., e. Feb. 29, 1864. 



Commons, T. E., e. Sept. 3, 1861. 

Ciich, John, e. Sept. 3, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Day, Jos., e. Jan. 4, 1864. 

Holt, Geo. W., e. Sept. 3, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Lewis, W. W., e. Feb. 29, 1864. 

Millard, A., e. Sept. 3, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Mills, Jas. M., vet. Jan. i, 1864, wd. at Gerard, Ala., 

died at Columbus, Ga. 
McQueen, Hugh, March 15, 1864. 
Ortlofif, August, e. Sept. 3, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Terrill, Robt., e. Sept. 3, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, died at 

Blakesburg, March 27, 1864. 

Company L. 

Roby, F. A., e. Aug. 15, 1861, disd. Jan. 3, 1862, disab. 

Williamson, N. L., vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Wilson, L. S., e. Aug. 15, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Wilson, Jas., e. Aug. 15, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Foster, Luther. 

Foster, William. 

Company M. 

Com. Sergt. Richard Creamer, e. Aug. 15, 1861, vet. 

Jan. I, 1864. 
Teamster A. J. Graves, e. Oct. 12, 1861, vet. Jan. 1, 



[Note. — This rcgiincnl was mustered out at Atlanta, 
Ga., Aug. 10, 186$.] 

Company B. 
Richie, A. S., e. Aug. 26, 1862, disd. Oct. 8, 1864. 

Company C. 
Ridenour, B. D., e. Aug. 26, 1862. 

Company F. 

Capt. Thos. J. Zollers, com. ist. lieut., prmtd. capt. Jan. 

27. 1864, resd. Feb. i, 1864. 
Capt. Newell P. Dana, e. as private Oct. 17, 1861, 

prmtd. capt. Feb. 2, 1864. 
First Lieut. Boyd P. Brim, e. as sergt. Oct. 14, 1861, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. April 20, 1862, prmtd. ist lieut. Feb. 

6, 1863, resd. May 13, 1864. 

First Lieut. Elias B. Woodruff, e. as sergt. Oct 14, 1861, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. Feb. 6, 1863, prmtd. 1st lieut. May 

14, 1864. 
Second Lieut. Wm. A. Heacock, kid. at Talbot's Ferry, 

Ark., April 9, 1862. 
Second Lieut. John T. Reynolds, e. as corp. Oct. 14, 

1861, prmtd. 2d lieut. Oct. 26, 1864. 
Sergt. Wm. H. Heacock, e. Oct. 14, 1861, died at St. 

Sergt. T. A. Cramer, e. Nov. 15, 1861, died at Keokuk. 
Corp. Geo. W. Creath, e. Oct. 14, 1861, vet. Dec. 12, 

Corp. Wm. M. Harsin, e. Oct. 14, 1861, died at St. 

Louis April 29, 1863. 
Corp. S. S. Woods, e. Oct. 14, 1861, vet. Dec. 12, 1863. 
Bugler Jas. G. Henshaw, e. Oct. 17, 1861, captd. at 

Black River, Miss. 
Farrier John Dwire, e. Oct. 14, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Wagoner Daniel Henshaw, e. Oct. 17, 1861, disd. May 

I, 1862, disab. 
Allison, C. B., e. Oct. 14, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Brown, Thos., e. Oct. 17, 1861. 
Conwell, Lott, e. Oct. 17, 1861, disd. Feb. 21, 1862. 
Clark, James; e. Oct. 14, 1861, disd. June 20, 1862. 
Giger, B. F., e. Oct. 14, 1861. 
Good, Jacob, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Hazen, Wm., e. Oct. 14, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Hazen, John S., e. Dec. 15, 1863. 
Hilton, Jesse K., Oct. 14, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Hill, Bradford, e. Oct. 14, 1861, died at Agency City, 

Oct. 10, 1863. 
Hanks, Peter, e. Oct. 14, 1861, disd. Feb. i, 1862, disab. 
Kazebeer, David, e. Nov. 11, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Miller, Robert P., e. Oct. 29, 1861. 
McElhaney, J. A., e. Oct. 14, 1861. 
McNair, Jas. M., e. Oct. 14, 1861, trans to V. R. C. 

April 29, 1864, disd. Nov. 22, 1864. 
Myers, Geo., e. Oct. 19, '61, disd. as musician, July 22, 

Terrill, S. A., c. Oct. 17, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Wheeler, Wm., e. Nov. 15, 1861, died at West Plain, 

Walker, F. R., e. Oct. 14, 1861, wd. at Mechanicsburg, 

Wagers, H. B., e. Oct. 26, 1861, captd. at Black River, 

trans, to V. R. C. April 29, 1864. 
Wilber, Alford, e. Oct. 17, 1861, disd. July 6, 1863, for 

promotion in Missouri cav. regt. 
Sparks, H. A., e. Sept. 4. 1862, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 



Gibbs, Charles, e. Dec. 16, 1862, vet. Jan. I, 1864. 
Pelham, Asbury, e. Jan. 25, 1864. 

Company G. 

Harrison, Richard, e. Oct. 14, 1861. 

Company L. 

Corp. Wm. W. Dull, e. Sept. ig, 1861. 
Sergt. Samuel L. Miller, vet. Dec. 12, 1863. 
Richie, A. S., e. Aug. 26, 1861. 

Company M. 

Bugler, Samuel Schoonover, e. Nov. 7, 1861, vet. Feb. 
2, 1864. 


[Note. — This regiment ivas mustered out at Leaven- 
worth, Kan., May ly, i866.'\ 

Col. Samuel W. Summers, com. Jan. 8, 1863, m. o. 

Jan. 31, 1865. 
Maj. John S. Wood, com. capt. Co. A April 27, 1863, 

prmtd. maj. July 8, 1863 m. o. Jan. 31, 1865. 
Maj. John Wilcox, com. capt. Co. B April 2y, 1863, 

prmtd. maj. Nov. 27, 1865, m. o. as capt. 
Surg. Andrew J. Wiley, com. April 3, 1863. 
Asst. Surg. Jas. W. La Force, com. May 15, 1863. resd. 

Dec. 7, 1864. 
Asst. Surg. Stephen P. Yeomans, com. July 27, 1863. 
Adjt. Eugene S. Sheffield, com. March i, 1863. prmtd. 

2d sergt. Co. D, 15th Inf., resd. July 20, 1865. 
Q. M. Wm. H. Northrup, com. March 25, 1863. 
Comy. Benj. F. Giger, com. July 23, 1863, prmtd. sergt. 

Co. B. 
Hosp. Steward D, S. Kees, e. March 10, 1863. 

Company A. 

Capt. Edward B. Murphy, com. ist lieut. April 27, 

1863, prmtd. capt. July 8, 1863, resd. Dec. 23, 1865. 
Capt. Thos. J. Potter, e. as sergt. Oct. 17, 1862, prmtd. 

2d lieut. March 10, 1865, prmtd. ist lieut. Nov. 14, 

1865, prmtd. capt. March 10, 1866. 
Second Lieut. James Grooms, e. as private Feb. 23, 

1863, prmtd. 2d lieut. April 14, 1866. 
Q. M. Sergt. W. H. Williams, e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Sergt. Benj. Grooms, e. Feb. 23, 1863, kid. at Ft. Cot- 
tonwood by accidental explosion of shell. 

Sergt. Geo. W. Ellsworth, c. Oct. 10, 1862. 

Sergt. Jas. Harper, e. Sept. 15, 1862. 

Corp. John M. Rupe, e. Sept. 17, 1862, died at Ft. 
Kearney Dec. 19, 1862, frozen to death. 

Corp. Chas. Lumkly, c. Sept. 15, 1862, disd. Nov. 6, 
1865, disab. 

Wagoner Daniel Neill, e. Feb. 14, 1862, disd. Jan. 15, 

1863, disab. 

Bird, M. O., e. Oct. 29, 1862. 

Buchanan, E. R., e. Sept. 14, 1862. 

Cloyd, Benj., e. Sept. 19, 1862. 

Casper, Rudolph, e. Sept. 24, 1862. 

Coffin, T. C, e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Hiatte, Stephen, e. Oct. 15, 1862. 

Hartshorn, Edw., e. Oct. 21, 1862. 

Johnston, C. H., e. Jan. 6, 1862. 

Lynch, John, e. Feb. 16, 1862. 

McGee, Wm., e. Sept. 15, 1862. 

Munn, Wm. E., e. Sept. 15, 1862. 

Peterson, E., c. Oct. 2, 1862. 

Riker, Henrj', e. Oct. 15, 1862. 

Rodgers, Martin, e. Jan. 8, 1862, 'died April 26, 1865, at 

Ross, John, e. Nov. 6, 1862. 
Rupe, Israel, e. Sept. 17, 1862. 

Rhoads, J., e. Feb. 25, 1862, disd. Aug. i, 1863, disab. 
Stanley. J. W., e. Sept. 15, 1862. 
Shirley, John B., e. Sept. 27, 1862, disd. Oct. 23, 1865, 

Tullis, John B., e. Sept. 27, 1862, disd. Nov. 29, 1864. 

Wilkson, I. E., e. Nov. 17, 1862. 
Wilkson, R. J. A., e. Sept. 15, 1862. 
Williams, Robert L., e. March 28, 1864. 

Company B. 

Capt. Thos. S. Parker, e. as sergt. Jan. 26, 1863, prmtd. 
2d lieut. Aug. 24, 1864, prmtd. ist lieut. Nov. 29, 

1864, prmtd. capt. Dec. 11, 1865. 

First' Lieut. John M. Phillips, com. April 27, 1863, 

resd. Nov. 28, 1864. 
Second Lieut. Francis J. Comstock, com. Jan. 20, 

1863, resd. Aug. 23, 1864. 
Second Lieut. Geo. E. Butin, e. as comy. sergt. Nov. 

7, 1862, prmtd. 2d lieut. Dec. 11, 1865. 
Sergt. Josiah C. Davis, e. March 21, 1863. 

1 84 


Corp. Daniel L. McLain, e. Nov. 7, 1862. 

Corp. A. A. Davis, e. Nov. 7, 1862. 

Corp. Geo. L. Nye, e. March 15, 1863. 

Corp. John A. Pinegar, e. March i, 1863, wd. at 

Plum Creek, disd. June i, 1865, wds. 
Corp. Thos. L. Speed, e. Nov. i, 1862. 
Corp. John H. Morrfs, e. Oct. 28, 1862. 
Trumpeter J. B. Summers, e. April 5, 1863, deserted 

Aug. 10, 1863. 
Trumpeter L. C. Williams, e. Nov. 6, 1862. 
Wagoner W. H. Wagoner, e. Nov. 2, 1862. 
Anthony, Wm., e. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Billings, S., e. Nov. i, 1862. 
Billings, L. W., e. Nov. I, 1862. 

Clark, Rob. E.. e. Feb. it, 1863, kid. at Ft. Heath 
Jan. 18, 1866, while in act of resenting treatment 
of superior ofificers. 
Clark, Joel, e. Nov. 8, 1862. 
Culbertson, A., e. March 10, 1863. 
Culbertson, Geo. W. B., e. March 11, 1863. 
Davis, J. C, e. March 21, 1863. 
Edwards, M., e. Feb. 18, 1863. 
Foster, James, e. March i, 1863. 
Fisk, F. C, e. Nov. 8, 1862. 
Hoover, Moses, e. Jan. 21, 1863. 
_ Mobley, J. C, e. Nov. 6, 1862. 
' Mobley, S. P., e. Oct. 27, 1862. 
Mobley, Geo. G., e. Jan. 15, 1863. 
McMillin, LeGrand, e. Nov. 6, 1862. 
McFarland, John D., e. Feb. 14, 1863. 
Roberts, S., e. Oct. 29. 1862. 
Starkey, Caleb, e. Nov. 8, 1862, disd. Nov. 24, 1863, 

Sperry, John, e. Nov. 8. 1862. 
Simmons, T. P., e. Feb. 18, 1863. 
Thompson, Jas. A., e. Feb. 5. 1863. 
Tenel, Leander. e. April 5. 1863. 
Vance, E. P.. e. Nov. 6, 1862. 
Wilson, Erastus, e. Feb. 17, 1863. 

Comfaiiy C. 

Capt. Jonathan C. Mitchell, com. April 28, 1863, dis- 
missed Aug. IQ, 1864. 

Capt. Harrison W. Crenier, com. 1st lieut. April -28, 
1863. prmtd. capt. Aug. 20, 1S64. 

Q. M. Sergt. Wm. P. Millisack, e. Dec. i, 1862, died 
at Ft. Cottonwood. 

Sergt. Moses S. Ramsel. e. Nov. 4, 1862. 

Sergt. Peter Wade, e. Jan. i, 1S63. 

Corp. Jas. K. Deford, e. Dec. 16, 1862. 

Corp. Smith E. Forbes, e. Jan. i, 1863. 

Corp. Benj. M. Lyon, e. Nov. 6, 1862, died at Fort 

Trumpeter Isaac Beck, e. Nov. 14, 1862. 

Farrier Wm. H. McMickle, e. Nov. 27, 1862. 

Crandall, H. L., e. Jan. i, 1863. 

Dethridge, Joseph M., e. Feb. 13, 1863, disd. June 3, 
1865, disab. 

Dopp, Chas., e. Nov. 18, 1862. 

Davidson, H., e. March 20, 1863. 

Engle, H. M., e. March 10, 1863. 

Eastham, Wm. T., e. Dec. 25, 1862. 

Hondyshell, S. H., e. Nov. 20, 1863. 

Hill, A. J., e. Dec. 9, 1862, disd. June S, 1865, disab. 

Hanks, Peter, e. March 18, 1863. 

Johnson, I. L., e. Jan. 8, 1863. 

Kimpson, Hugh, e. March 21, 1863. 

McClintock, A., Nov. 7, 1862. / 

Moshier, Wm. R.„ e. Nov. 27, 1862, kid. at Ft. 

Simpson, M., e. Nov. 18, 1862. 

Stewart, Jos., e. Nov. 20, 1862. 

Shirkey, Hiram, e. Dec. 21, 1862. 

Tannahill, H., e. March 24, 1864, died at Ft. Cotton- 

Vinson, Geo., e. March 10, 1863. 

Wyatt, Saml., e. Dec. 29, 1862. 

Tannahill, John L., e. March 24, 1864. 

Company D. 

First Lieut. W. N. Monroe, com. April 28, 1863, resd. 

Aug. 2i, 1864. 
Sergt. John S. Wellman, e. March 10, 1863. 
Cooper, L., e. April i, 1863. 
Groger, Richard, e. March I, 1863. 
Jones, Daniel, e. Feb. 11, 1863. 
Kees, D. S., e. March 10, 1863. 
Luallen, Pleasant, e. Jan. 10, 1863. 
Moore, Wm. T., e. March 10, 1863. 
Thornburg, A. G., e. March 15, 1863. 
Thatcher, C. A., c. Jan. 15, 1863. 
Williams, John, e. April 2, 1863. 

Company E. 

Capt. George P. Norris, com. ist lieut. Jan. 3, 1863, 

prmtd. capt. June 3, 1865. 
Sergt. Benj. F. Giger, e. Nov. 14, 1862. 
Corp. Lewis George, e. May 11, 1863. 



Frary, Edgar, e. March 26, 1864, disd. date unknown. 

Fisher, John J., e. March 12, 1863. 

Flerer, Wm., e. March 27, 1864, disd. Aug. 10, 1864. 

Holcomb, S. A., e. Feb. 18, 1863. 

Roach, John C, e. April i, 1863, deserted June 9, 1863. 

Thompson, J., e. April 5, 1863, disd. April 20, 1865. 

Company F. 

Corp. George Butler, e. June i, 1863. 
Jordon, J., e. June i, 1863, kid. in action at Julesburg, 
C. T. 

Company G. 

'Collins, H. W., e. May 28, 1863. 
Thomas, W. D., e. March 24, 1863. 



Second Lieut. Allen Ellsworth, com. July 13, 1863, 

from sergt. Co. C, disd. July 9, 1864. 
Sergt, N. F. Munro, e. June 17, 1863. 
Corp. Z. H. Bones, e. May 28, 1863. 
"Large, Wm., e. June 18, 1863. 
Wellman, McG. W., e. June 23, 1863. 

Company L. 

Crawford, Geo., e. March i, 1864. 

Crowley, Patrick, e. Feb. 29, 1864, disd. May 16, 1865, 

Dulin, James, e. March 4, 1864. 
Israel, A. A., e. March 19, 1864. 
Lock, E. M., e. March 19, 1864. 
Magee, John, e. March 11, 1864, kid. accidentally, 

March 12, 1864. 
Nye, John W., e. Feb. 29, 1864. 
Turner, L. G., e. Feb. 25, 1864. 
Thompson, Wm. E., March 4. 1864. \ 

Ward, N. W., e. Feb. 29, 1864. 


Bucher, Richard, e. March 26, 1864. 
Baker, David, e. April 16,. 1864. 
Clark, John M., e. March 25, 1864 
Dowing, Geo. W., c. March' 21, 1864. 
Doll, L. H., e. March 26, 1864. 

Forsythe, T. I., e. March 30, 1864. 
March, N. B., e. March 31, 1864. 
Mace, H. L., e. March 25, 1864. 
Mace, R., e. March 25, 1864. 
Noe, Samuel, e. March 27, 1864. 
Swinford, John R.. e. March 25, 1864. 
Vance, O. H., e. March 23, 1864. 


[Note. — This Regiment zuas mustered out at Ma- 
con, Ga., Aug. I J, 75(55.] 

Q. M. John Q, A. Dawson, com. Sept. 17, 1863, resd. 
March 29, 1864. 

Company B. 

Capt. Wm, H. Evans, com. Sept. 30, 1863, wd. at 

Campbellsville, Tenn., resd. March 9, 1865. 
First Lieut. John T. Ware, e. as ist sergt. June 17, 

1863, prmtd. 2d lieut. April 2, 1864, prmtd. 1st 

lieut. Aug. 13, 1864. 
Second Lieut. Daniel Henshaw, com. sergt. Sept. 30, 

1863, resd. April i, 1864. 
Q. M. Sergt. Richard D. Williams, e. June 8, 1863. 
Com. Sergt. Jas. A. Allison, e. June 13, 1863. 
Sergt. Samuel F. Craig, e. June 10, 1863, captd. at 

Newnan, Ga. 
Sergt. C. R. Kinkade, e. June 24, 1863, kid. at Flor- 
ence, Ala. 
Sergt. Geo. W. Stephens, e. June 15, 1863. 
Sergt. John P. Glenn, e. June 26, 1863, trans, to Inv. 

Corps July 30, 1864. 
Corp. R. W. Hamilton, e. June 20, 1863. 
Corp. T. J. Haywood, e. Aug. 4, 1863. 
Corp. R. M. Young, e. June 20, 1863. 
Corp. John C. McDole, e. July 6, 1863. 
Corp. W. Catlin, e. Aug. 14, 1863. 
Trumpeter A. J, Graham, e. June 20, 1863, captd. at 

Newnan, Ga. 
Wagoner Thomas B. Cale, e. June 14, 1863. trans, to 

Inv. Coros yVpril 30, 1864. 
Burton, E. L., e. June 20, 1863. captd. at Newnan, Ga., 

died at Annapolis. 
Byrum, E. L., e. July 6. 1863. 

Byrum, L. E., e. Aug. 15, 1863, captd. at Newnan, Ga. 
Babb, H. C, e. June 22. 1863, wd. at Cassville, Ga. 
Conwell, John W., e. Aug. 6, 1863, wd. at Nashville, 

trans, to Inv. Corps April 2, 1865. 

1 86 


Conwell, Lott, e. Aug. lo, 1863. 

(Time, Simeon, e. Aug. 2, 1863. 

Cotter, James, e. Aug. 25, 1863. 

Fetter, A. J., e. June 20, 1863. 

Fri?by, Wm., e. June 22, 1863, died at Nashville. 

Griffis, Wm. B., e. June 20, 1863, disd. Oct. 30, 1863. 

Glenn, Jos. N., e. June 26, 1863. 

Gladson, Wm. P., e. June 17, 1863. 

Gettys, L. N., e. Aug. 15, 1863. 

TIalc, M., e. July 8, 1863, died at Kingston, Ga. 

Hill, A. M., e. June 20, 1863. 

Harris, B., e. Aug. i, 1863, captd. at Sipsy River, Ala. 

Howe, Geo., e. Aug. 8, 1863, captd. at Sipsy River, Ala. 

Hrmd, E., e. Aug. 17, 1863, captd. at Sipsy River, Ala. 

Jourdon, John W., e. June 2g, 1863. 

Jourdon, B. p., e. July 23, 1863, captd. at Newnan, Ga. 

Kerr, H. ]., e. Aug. 11, 1863. 

Lewis, Geo., t. July 8, 1863, died at Nashville, Tenn. 

Land, James, e. June 26, 1863. 

Myers, J. C, e. July 4, 1863. 

Moffat, Jos., e. June 20, 1863, captd. at Sipsy River, 

Moffatt, Saml., e. June 20, 1863, captd. at Sipsy River, 

Olney, L. W., e. July 6, 1863. 

Packer, F. G., e. July ig, 1863. 

Pollard, D. H., e. July 4. 1863. 

Roberts, P. H., e. July 10, 1863. 

Roberts, Wm. A., e. July 6, 1863. 

Rouze, Joseph E., c. June 20, 1863, wd. at Florence, Ala. 

Rhodes, J. Q., e. July 24, 1863, captd. at Newnan, Ga. 

Shippy, S. R., e. June 11, 1863. 

Stuber, F., e. June 13, 1863. 

Sackett, Alex., e. Aug. 5, 1863, captd. at Newnan, Ga. 

Tharp, L.,jV., e. July 24, 1863. 

Taylor, Samuel, e. July 21, 1863. 

Wilkins, G. W., e. June 10, 1863. 

Wilson, Alfred, e. June 20, 1863, captd. at Newnan, 

Wolf, 'H. C, e. July 6, 1863, died at Nashville. 

Wilkins. Ralph, e. July 15, 1863, wd., died at Keokuk. 

Wolf, H. D., e. July 6, 1863, captd. at Newnan, Ga., 
died at Wilmington N. C. 

Company H. 

Barrows, Jas. C, e. July, 1863. 

Reed, Geo. J., e. Aug., 1863, captd. at Newnan, Ga. 

Company L. 

Capt. Aaron Pinney, com. Sept. 30, 1863. 

Second Lieut. Newton Doggett, e. as sergt. Aug. 8, 

1863, captd. at Newnan, Ga., prmtd. 2d lieut. Aug. 

28, 1865. 
Sergt. H. D. Owen, e. June g, 1863, captd. at Newnan, 

Sergt. John Underwood, e. June 11, 1863, died at 

Corp. John Clark, e. July 15, 1863, captd. at Newnan, 

Saddler N. W. Collier, e. June 10, 1863. 
Wagoner E. Ashcraft, e. June 13, 1863. 
Barnett, O. P., e. June 28, 1863. 
Backus, Jas. M., e. July 27, 1863, captd. at Kingston, 

Ga., died at Andersonville. 
Cochran, Jas. H., e. Aug. 17, 1863, wd. at Florence. 
Duley, John M., e. July 8, 1863. 
Gotte, Joseph, e. June 2y, 1863. 
Goodwin, O., e. Aug. 4, 1863. 
Hendren, E. R,, e. June ig, 1863. 
Hazlett, E. C, e. June 14, 1863. 
Plendricks, W. A., e. Sept. 2, 1863. 
Jewett, A., e. June 10, 1863, disd. Aug. II, 1864, disab. 
Klingler, Geo. W., e. June 10, 1863. 
Merryfield, John F., e. Aug. 10, 1863. 
Morrow, Samuel E., e. July 20, 1863. 
Manro, Geo. W., e. Aug. 17, 1863, wd. at Camp- 

bellville, Tenn. 
McCormick, S., e..July 27, 1863. 
Mercer, B: C, e. Aug. 11, 1863. 
McVey, H. K, e. Aug., 1863. 
Packer, A., e. June 10, 1863, disd. April 27, 1864. 
Place, John W., e. July 10, 1863. 
Peterson, John A., e. July 8, 1863, wd. at Cypress- 

Creek, Ala. 
Renfro, John B., e. July 22, 1863. 
Sheafer, P. M., e. July 27, 1863. 
Thompson, T. J., e. July 12, 1863. 
Taylor, John W., e. June 15, 1863. 
Whipple, Joseph, e. Aug. 20, 1863. 

Company M. 
Saddler Geo. W. Lindsay, e. Jiily g, 1863. 


[Note. — The volunteers of this regiment zuere mus- 
tered out at Little Roek, Feb. 3, 1866 ; field staff and 



Companies A, C and D, Feb. z8; Company I, March 75; 
Company B, March 23.] 

Company B. 

Sergt. William Ware, e. Oct. 9, 1863. 

Company C. 

First Lieut. Thomas J. Reigart, com. Nov. 30, 1863, res. 

May 22, 1865. 
Sergt. William M. Gill, e. Aug. 18, 1863. 
Corp. John B, Brown, e. Aug. 12, 1863. 
Farrier G. C. Bell, e. Sept. 25, 1863. 
Batson, Henry, e. Aug. 16, 1863. 
Carhartt, Clay, e. Oct. 10, 1863. 

Carver, J. H., e. Oct. 5, 1863, died at Little Rock, Ark. 
Godfrey, L L, e. Oct. 6, 1863. 
King, Charles, e. Sept. S, 1863. 
MuUenix, David, e. Aug. 21, 1863. 
Randolph, L, e. Aug. 12, 1863. 
Wolfe, Levi, e. Sept. 12, 1863. 
Williams, Thomas, e. Sept. 26, 1863. 

Company I. 

Capt. Cyrus C. Bitner, com. Nov. 30, 1863, resd. Aug. 

3. 1864. 
First Lieut. Thomas J. Lafferty, com. Nov. 30, 1863, 

resd. July 27, 1864. 
First Lieut. John H. Killinbarger, e. as sergt. Oct. 15, 

1863, prmtd. 1st lieut. May 10, 1865. 
Sergt. Elias Whited, e. Sept. i, 1863, died at Memphis. 
Sergt. C. M. Lazenby, e. Sept. i, 1863. 
Corp. John P. Heskett, e. Sept. i, 1863. 
Corp. Mahlon Lappin, e. Sept. i, 1863. 
Corp. F. A. Jones, e. Sept. 15, 1863. 
Corp. Harry Jones, e. Sept. 15, 1863. 
Corp. James F. Askey, e. Sept. i, 1863. 
Farrier Wm. W. Napier, e. Sept. 15, 1863. 
Wagoner Michael Burk, e. Sept. 21, 1863. 
Annaws, W. N., e. Sept. 29, 1863. 
Carson, James, e. Sept. 11, 1863, disd. May 5, 1864, 

Crowl, J. E., e. Oct. 15, 1863. 
Faris, William, e. Oct. 21, 1863. 
Marshall, J. N., e. Oct. i, 1863. 
McMaster, W. R., e. Nov. 23, 1863. 
Phillips, S. B., e. Oct. 16, 1863. 

Pike, H. C, e. Sept. 15, 1863. 

Porter, J. H., e. Oct. 31, 1863. 

Powelson, L., Oct. S, 1863. 

Pyatt, John, e. Sept. 30, 1863. 

Regester, J. E., e. Oct. 15, 1863. 

Ruffcorn, W. H,, e. Oct. 15, 1863, died at Eddyville, 

June 8, 1864. 
Salon, J. W., e. Sept. 10, 1863. 
Ward, Simon, e. Oct. 10, 1863. 
Ward, J. M., e. Oct. 10, 1863, 

Company K. 

First Lieut. Wallace B. Goodal, com, ist lieut. from 

Regt. Q. M. Sergt. Sept. 19, 1865. 
Brown, C, e. Oct. 28, 1863. 
Filer, C, e. Oct. 28, 1863. 

Company M. 

Pumroy, John, com. Nov. 30, 1862, died at Ottumwa. 
Q. M. Sergt. Henry Simons, e. Aug. 21, 1863. 
Sergt. Sidney A. Jones, e. Aug. 25, 1863. 
Sergt. Merritt M. Ford, e. Aug. 4, 1863, died at 

Ottumwa, Feb. 19, 1865. 
Corp. E. T. Muna, e. Aug. 25, 1863. 
Trumpeter W. J. Osterhaut, e. Sept. i, 1863. 
Adams, J. J., e. Sept. 14, 1863. 
.•\llen, J. S., e. July 29. 1863. 
Burns, Hugh, e. Sept. 14, 1863. 
Fightmaster, Alexander, e. July 22. 1863. 
Kibler, J, D., e. Aug. 4, 1863. 
Osterhaut, C. E., e, July 22, 1863, kid. at Lewisburg, 

Ark., shot by guard during a riot. 
Pegg, W. J., e. Nov. 11, 1863. 
Payne, J. J., e. Aug. 28, 1863. 
Parsons, J. A., e. Aug. 12, 1863. 
Wolf, John, e. Oct. 9, 1863. 


First Infantry. 

Hoag, Stephen, e. April 23, 1861, m. o. Aug. 25, 1861. 
Ott, Gottfred, e. Aug. 23, 1861, m. o. Aug. 25, 1861 
Ott, Gottfred, e. Aug. 23, 1861, m. o. Aug. 25, i86i. 
Brown, Edward P., e. April 20, 1861, m. o. Aug. 25, 



Third Infantry. 

Nidiver,' Geo. M., e. June I, 1861, m. o. June or July, 

Fourth Infantry. 

[Note. — This regiment zuas mustered out at Louis- 
ville. Ky., Inly 24, iS65\ 

Corp. Thos. Pomeroy, e. July 4, 1861, trans, to Inv. 

McGraw, John, e. Dec. 6, 1861. 
Atkinson, John W., c. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Allen, Wm. W., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Allen, John L., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Bigham, Robert, e. June 16, 1864. 
Crawford, E. M., e. Sept. 15, 1862. 
Case, D. T., c. Sept. 15, 1862. 
Dutton, Jeremiah, e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Foster, Torrence, e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Gibbs, F. M., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Greenlee, M., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Gornes, Jas. R., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Hawk, Wm., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Lewellen, Wm. T., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Laing. Geo. J., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Millard, John H., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Nelson, N. G., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Pennebaker, Wm., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Poplin, R. G. M., e. Sept. 18. 1862. 
Ratcliffe, Wm. A., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Robinson, Wm., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Rush, Frederick, e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Shumord, John L., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 

Sixth Infantry. 

Corp. Hiram Hull, e. July, i, 1861, disd. Nov. 25, 

1862, disab. 

Brown, Geo. A., c. July i, 1861, wd. April 6, 1862, 

m. o. July 24, 1865. 

Bradley, E. P., vet. Jan. i, 1864, wd., m. o. July 2}, 


McGonegal, , vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Eighth Infantry. 

Cummins, W. H., e. 1861, captd. at Shiloh, April 6, 
1862, vet. Jan. i, 1864, m. o. April 20, 1866. 

First Lieut. J. G. Harrow, com. Sept. 23, 1861, resd. 

Dec. 31, 1861. 
Dougherty, Wm., e. Aug. 10, 1861, m. o. April 20, 1866. 
Grier, Geo., died Dec. 26, 1864, of wds. 
Johnson, Wm., e. Aug. 10, 1861, m. o. April 20, 1866. 

Tenth Infantry. 

Holland, J. W., e. Aug. 22, 1861, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 

Elcvcntli Infantry. 

Second Lieut. Wm. M. Twiggs, e. Sept. 17, 1861, com. 
Oct. 3, 1861, was private in Co. C, ist Inf., m. o. 
July IS, 1865. 

Tliirtcenth Infantry. 

Asst. Surg. Seneca B. Thrall, com. Aug. 19, 1862, resd. 

April 4, 1864. 
Reed, D. M., e. Oct. 10, 1861, vet, Dec. i, 1863, m. o. 

July 21, 1865. 

Fourteenth Infantry. 

Musician Francis W. Kimble, e. Oct. 15, 1862, m. o. 

Nov. 16, 1864. 
Littlefield, Wm. C, e. Oct. 17, 1862, m. o. Nov. 16, 

Bartholomew, Robt., e. Oct. 18, 1861, missing at Shiloh, 

died Aug. S, 1863. 
Bearden, Wm., e. Oct. 17, i86r, captd. " at Shiloh. 
Turner, Hiram, e. Oct. 1, 1861, died at Macon May 

19, 1862. 
Clark, W. F., e. March 28, 1862. 

Tivcnty-iirst Infantry. 

Surg. Wm. L. Orr, com. Dec. 2, 1862, from asst. surg. 
3d Cav., resd. Oct. 29, 1864. 

Twenty-third Infantry. 

Browning, W. S., e. March 29, 1864, m. o. July 26, 

Tivenfy-cighth Infantry. 

Hunter, Jos., e. Dec. 12, 1863, wd. Sept. 19, 1864, m. o. 
July 31, 186s. 



Murphy, I. M., e. Dec. 12, 1863, disd. Nov. 23, 1864. 

Twenty-ninth Infantry. 

Thompson, John E., e. Feb. 14, 1864, m. o. Aug. 10, 

Thirtieth Infantry. 

Asst. Surg. J. C. Stoddard, com. Feb. 17, 1863, com. 

declined and canceled. 
Bryant, Benj., e. Aug. 9, 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps. 
Berry, John P., e. Aug. 9, 1862, m. o. June S, 1865. 
■Corp. Thos. B. Fleanor, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. June S. 

Carr, Arthur, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died April 17, 1863. 
Jackson, Geo. W., c. Aug. 17, 1862, died IVIay 20, 1863. 

Thirty-third Infantry. 

Smith, Marion, e. March 22, 1864, m. o. July 17, 1865. 
Trent, Josiah, e. Feb. 2, 1864, m. o. July 17, 1865. 
Brooks, Peter, e. Feb. 4, 1864, m. o. July 17, 1865. 
Mitchell, Wm. W., e. Feb. 2, 1864, m. o. July 17, 1865. 
Trent, John, e. Feb. 2, 1864, m. o. July 17, 1865. 

Forty-fourth Infantry. 

Middleton, Loomis, e. May 7, 1864, m. o. Sept. 15, 

Forty-fifth Infantry. 

Wallace, A. A., e. April 30, 1864, m. o. Sept. 16, 1864. 

Forty-eighth Infantry. 

Parsons, Jas., e. June 3, 1864, m. o. Oct. 21, 1864. 

Second Cavalry. 

Larimore, M. K, e. March 10, 1862, died at Hamburg, 

Cartner, D. M., e. March 10, 1862, m. o. Sept. 10, 

Fuller, S. J., e. March 19, 1862, died June 13, 1864. 
Lewis, Rufus, e. Aug. 3, 1862, m. o. Sept. 19, 1865. 
Margaretz, Herman, e. April i, 1862, missing in battle 

of Boonesville, July i, 1862, 
Samuel G. Vannice, e. March 1, 1864, died March 22, 

1865, at Eastport, Miss., as ist sergt. 

Fifth Cavalry. 

Bell, Dora, m. o. Aug. 11, 1865. 

Besco, Henry, disd. Feb. 7, 1862. 

Leonard, Thos., disd. April 27, 1862. 

Coan, W. S., e, March 17, 1864, m. o. Aug. 11, 1865. 

Perrin, F., e. March 27, 1864, m. o. Aug. 11, 1865. 

Quinn, Wm., e. March 30, 1864, m. o. Aug, 11, 1865. 

Quinn, John C, e. March 30, 1864, m. o. Aug. 11, 

Lynch, Jacob, c. March 30, 1864, m. o. Aug. 11, 1865. 
Lynch, Wm. M., e. March 30, 1864,, m. o. Aug. 11, 

Staton, Wm. M., c. March 30, 1864, m. o.. Aug. 11, 

1865. ■ 
Thompson, J. S., e. March 30, 1864, m. o. Aug. 11, 


First Battery Light Artillery. 

Jr. Second Lieut. D. M. Parks, e. as sergt., 1861, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. March 19, 1864, resd. June 14, 1864. 
Jr. Second Lieut. Jas. Thomas, e. as private, 1861, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. June 13, 1865. 
Sergt. W. M. Van Zant, died Feb. 12, 1864,^ at St. 

Sergt. D. M. Sparks, m. o. July S, 1865. 
Corp. Chas. R. Parks, died at Millikin's Bend, La., 

March 7, 1862. 
Artf. Benj. Corbin, wd. and disd. June 16, 1863, disab. 
Gardner, J, M.. m. o. July S, 1865. 
Halsted, Wm. D., wd., m. o. July S, 1865. 
King, Fletcher, died April 29, 1864, at Agency City. 
Mills, Wm. H., died Nov. s, 1862, at Helena, Ark. 
Parkhurst, Reese, kid. at Pea Ridge. 
Rush, Ross, wd. at Vicksburg. 
Temple. Jas. A., m. o. July 5, 1865. 
Tosh, Geo. T., m. o. July S, 1865. 
Day, Henry, m. o. July S, 1865. 

Even, Thompson, e. Dec. 22. 1863, m. o. July 5, 1865. 
Ferris, S. R., e. Oct. 10, 1864. m. o. July S, 1865. 
Thomas, Even, e. Dec. 22, 1863, m. o. July S, 1865. 
Gales, Washington, e. Oct. 10, 1864, disd. June 6, 1863, 


Fourth Battery. 

Hobbs, W. T., e. Aug. 27, 1863, m. o. July 14, i86s. 
Logan, Jacob, e. Aug. 21, 1863, m. o. July 14, 1865. 
Mounts, John S., e. Aug. 18, 1863, m. o. July 14, 1865. 



First Iowa Infantry (A. D.) 

ted States service at Des Moines, lozva, May 17, i8gS. 
It left the state May 21, 1898, and was stationed at 

Sergt. Wm. Phillips, e. Aug. 29, 1863, m. 0. 



Jacksonville, Florida. It was mustered out of service 


November 30, iSgg.] 

Bedinger, Jep., e. Aug. 25, 1863, died Nov. 

3, 1864, 

at Helena, Ark. 

Capt. F. W. Eckers. 

Carroll, Jas., e. Aug. 20, 1863, m. 0. Oct. 15, 


First Lieut. Theodore A. Stoessel. 

Harrison, H., e. Aug. 20. 1863, died July 29 



Second Lieut. Charles S. Tindell. 

Helena, Ark., of wds. 

Sergt. William R. Armstrong. 

Lewis, Robert, e. Aug. 25, 1863, died Sept. i 



Sergt., Q. M., Maurice G. Holt. 

Helena, Ark. 

Sergt. Alexander T. Kasparson. 

McBride, Hiram, e. Aug. 25, 1863, died Aug. 

ID. 1864, 

Sergt. William D. Sumner. 

at Helena, Ark. 

Sergt. Leroy Christie. 

Basket, N., e. Sept. 2, 1863, m. 0. Oct. 15, 1865. 

Sergt. Alvin J. Crail. 

Buck, Moses, e. Sept. 2, 1863, m. 0. Oct. 15. 


Corp. Roy J. Cook. 

Brown, Benj., e. Sept. 24, 1863, m. 0. Oct. 15 


Corp. Albert V. Lindell. 

Davis, Wm., e. Sept. 2, 1863, m. 0. Oct. 15, 


Corp. Eugene B. Hill, Jr. 

Holloway, J., e. Aug. 28, 1863, m. 0. Oct. 15, 


Corp. Charles Brown. 

Lewis, Chas. e. Sept. 4, 1863, m. 0. Oct. 15, i 


Corp. William F. Bickley. 
Corp. Edward Steller. 

Second Cavalry, M. S. M. 

Corp. Grant Irving Emery. 
Corp. Samuel Manro. 

Hendricks, A. E., e. Feb. 13, 1862. 

Corp. George H. Elliott. 
Corp. Mernie S. Ballagh. 

Tivcnty-iiftli Missouri Infantry. 

Corp. John H. Wright. 

Musician Joseph Hayes, died at Jacksonville, Florida,. 

First Lieut. W. H. P. Norris, e. July 26, 186 

I, prmtd. 

September 8, 1898 (typhoid). 

from 2d sergt. Co. K, 2d Inf., Aug. 6, 1861. 

Musician Otto Armstrong. 
Artificer William T. Smith. 

Tenth III. Cavalry. 

Wagoner Ivory H. Cook. 
Barnum, Emerson E. 

Doonegan, W., e. Aug. 16, 1862. 

Boughner, Charles S. 
Bowser, John W. 

Twenty-tifth III. Infantry. 

Curran, John. 

West, A. J. 

Church, Dean K. 

Thirty-fifth III. Infantry. 

Cullen, Frank. 
Davis, Harvey A. 

Toll, Wm. M., e. July 3, 1861. 

DeValt, Albert. 
Ellis, Foster R. 
Ellis, Macy M. 


Emery, Roscoe. 
Frost, Robert. 


Graves, Chauncey A. 

Grube, Oscar A., died at Des Moines, October 6, 1898' 

Maj. H. H. Coughlan. 

Higgins, Bert D. 

Company G. 

Hobbs, William A. 
HobbsT William P. 

[Note. — This company was mustered into 

the U 


Hedrick, Eugene F. 



Langford, J. Elliott. 
Lowe, Robert W. 
Mitchell, Mark M. H. 
Mungoven, Thomas. 
Moore, Charles F. 
Moore, Charles E. 
Parker, Alva A. 
Parker, Fred W. 
Pickett, Charles S. 
Rolison, Merit V. 
Riordan, John T. 

Riordan, Allen B. 
Scott, Charles U. 
Simmons, Harry M. 
Smith, Edward O. 
Sunley, Nate L. 
Snyder, John J. 
Trease, John C. 
Trowbridge, Edward A. 
Terrell, Otis T. 
Wheelock, Herbert K. 
Williams, William W. 


Colonel Ballingall died March 7, 1891. 

Will executed on the 22d day O'f Novem- 
ber, 1890. 

Will appointed Mary J. Phillips, A. G. 
Harrow and Charles A. Walsh executors. 
Mrs'. Phillips refused to qualify, but Harrow 
and Walsh accepted said appointment and 
qualified as executors. 

Suit of Mary J. Phillips, David Hodge, 
Charles and Harry Hodge, plaintiffs, vs. Har- 
row and Walsh, executors, and the Ottumwa 
Library Association, the City of Ottumwa and 
Mattie J. Thomas, defendants, begun on the 
2 1st day of December, 1891, attacking the 
eighth and ninth paragraphs of the will. 

The lower. court, Judge E. L. Burton, sit- 
ting, decided in favor of the plaintiffs. The 
Supreme Court, on appeal taken by the execu- 
tors, reversed the decision of the lower court 
and sustained the will in every particular. 

The City of Ottumwa, by its Council, 
adopted a resolution in March, 1895, accept- 
ing that part of out-lot No. 13, devised to 
the public for park purposes, and obligated 
itself to construct and maintain a public park 
on said premises as provided by the terms of 
the will, but refused to accept the trust further. 
The court afterward appointed Charles A., 

Walsh as trustee in the place of the City of 


By the eighth paragraph of the will the 
Ottumwa Library Association was given an 
annuity of $200, also a strip of ground 34 feet 
wide, fronting on Main street and extending 
back to the right of way of the C. R. I. & P. 
Railway. The devise of real estate to the Li- 
brary Association is upon the express condi- 
tion that the said ground shall be used for the 
purpose of erecting thereon a building for the 
use and benefit of a public library. 

By the ninth paragraph of the will, the 
Ballingall House property, the property then 
known as the Magnolia Restaurant (now 
known as the English Kitchen), the Pony 
Pork House (now used as a pickle factory), 
part of out-lot No. 13, part of lot No. 370 
were given to the City of Ottumwa in trust for 
the following uses and purpses : 

The Ballingall House to be kept up as a 
hotel; part of out-lot No. 13 to become a pub- 
he park ; part of the same lot to be used for a 
flower conservatory; the remainder of the 
property to be leased or sold according to the 
judgment of the trustee. 



A sinking fund of $20,000 to be estab- 
lished first ; then the wiU directs from tlie rents 
and incomes the establishment of a second 
fund of $6,000. The first fund to be used for 
remodeling the hotel building, to suitably 
keep up with the times and the growth of the 
city; the second fund for the purpose of main- 
taining the public library now established. 
The will provides that upon the refusal of the 
Library Association to accept or use the 
ground willed to it for the purpose of erecting 
z library building thereon, that the saiiie shall 
go to the City of Ottumwa and become a part 
of the public park. 

After the founding of the perpetual sink- 
ing fund of $20,000 and the expenditure of 

the second fund of $6,000 as directed, the will 
provides that all accumulations arising from 
the rents of the property and from the interest 
on the sinking fund shall go and be devoted 
to the following uses and purposes annually: 

One-fourth to the Library Association. 

One-fourth to poor and needy people of 
Ottumwa whO' are dependent upon their own 
labor for a livelihood. 

One-fourth to the religious societies of the 
city without regard to sect. 

One-fourth to build or aid in the building 
and maintenance of a foundling hospital, with 
the special view and purpose of relieving un- 
fortunate females and protecting and caring 
for their offspring. 


Representative Citizens 

HOMAS D. FOSTER, who- has been 
identified with the extensive pack- 
ing estabhshment of John Morrell 
& Company, Limited, since 1865, is 
one of the two American directors of tlie firm, 
the other being J. H. Morrell. It is by far the 
largest business plant of Wapello county, and 
an institution of which Ottumwa may well 

The business of the John Morrell Company 
was founded about 1830 at Bradford, York- 
shire, England, by John Morrell, who died 
about 1881. It was originally a bacon and 
ham curing plant, as well as a wholesale and 
retail grocery. It continued at Bradford un- 
til i860, when it was moved to Liverpool and 
became a strictly wholesale provision business 
in meats, butter and cheese, being still con- 
trolled by John Morrell. From 1856 to 1865 
the packing business was conducted in County 
Kilkenny, Ireland, and a branch office was es- 
tablished in New York City in 1864, the main 
office, then, as now, being at Liverpool. The 
branch in America was established with the 
object of purchasing meats, butter, etc., for 
shipment to England. In 1874 the business 

was closed in New York, packing having been 
in operation in Canada from 1868 to 1874, and 
at Chicago from 1871 to 1874. In 1874 all 
the American interests were transferred to 
Chicago, where an office is now maintained at 
No. 901 Royal Insurance Building. In 1878 
the nucleus of the present mammoth plant was 
erected at Ottumwa, Iowa, where the company 
had begun business the previous year. The 
plant was enlarged and completed to its pres- 
ent capacity in 1896. The American feature 
of the business has been highly successful and 
satisfactory to the promoters, and has been a 
boon to the country in which it is located. 
The plant consists of many large buildings, 
their dimensions being as follows : Alain 
building, 194 by 160 feet, seven stories; ware- 
house, known as building "D," ' 160 by 128 
feet, six stories; slaughtering building, 128 by 
112 feet; engine room, 100 by 70 feet; boiler 
house, 120 by 50 feet; lard refinery, 112 by 70 
feet; box factory, 176 by 50 feet; fertilizer 
building, 72 by 80 feet; smoke house, sausage 
room and canning buildings, 98 by 108 feet; 
office, 66 by 50 feet ; and the stock yards cover 
five acres of floor space. The boiler room 



contains eight boilers with an aggregate ca- 
pacity of 1,740 horse power, the engines are 
700 horse power, and the electric generators 
750 horse power. The three ice houses have a 
capacity of 25,000 tons of ice, and the output 
of the four ice machines aggregates 475 tons 
daily. The hanging capacity of the establish- 
ment is from 10,000 to 12,000 hogs. From 
40 to 50 men are employed in the engineering- 
department, including the machine and black- 
smith shops ; from 50 to 60 men in the offices ; 
and the number in the other departments com- 
bined varies from 800 to 1,300 men, according 
to the season. One day each smiimer is given 
as a holiday for a picnic for employes, all of 
whom receive their pa}' on that day as usual. 
They go to some neighboring town or pleas- 
ant site, several trains being needed to convey 
the throng of people. Those employes whom 
it is impossible to spare on this day are paid 
double wages. The concern of John Morrell 
& Company, Limited, belongs to nO' trust or 
combine, either to lower wages or control 
l^rices, and pays first-class wages to its work- 
men. It is conducted on fair business prin- 
ciples, and all work in perfect harmony. The 
l^acking house is an exceptionally well ap- 
pointed one, and is kept scrupulously clean in 
e\-ery department. 

Thomas D. Foster was born at Bradford, 
Yorkshire, England, in 1847, ^^'^'^ "'^s reared 
and educated in England and Ireland. He has 
been identified with John Morrell & Company, 
Limited, since 1865, and has made the busi- 
ness his life work and study. He came to 
America in 1868, and took charge of the com- 

pany's business in this country in 1872. He 
has made his home in Ottumwa since 1878, 
having erected a fine residence on the corner 
of Fifth and Market streets. He is married 
and has a family of 10 children. Religiously, 
the family is Presbyterian. Mr. Foster makes 
regular trips to England in the interest of the 
firm. His portrait is shown on a page in 
proximity to this. 

UY LORENZO BAILEY, a prominent 
farmer of Agency township, Wapello 
county, Iowa, has always lived upon 
his present farm, on which he was 
born in 1870, the youngest^ child born to J. 
Howard and Amanda P. (Tull) Bailey. He 
has a one-half interest in 180 acres of land lo- 
cated in sections 26 and 27, and is successfully 
engaged in diversified farming. 

J. Howard Bailey with his wife and three 
little children came to Lee county, Iowa, from 
Scott county, Indiana, in 1853, and in 1854 
removed to a farm in Washington township, 
AA'apello county, where he followed farming 
and merchandising until 1857. He then lo- ' 
cated at Agency and in Februar}^ 1861, lo- 
cated on a farm in sections 26 and 27, Agency 
township, which is now the home of our sub- 
ject. l\lr. and Mrs. Bailey reared six children, 
as follows : Chapman ; Cyrus D. ; Randolph ; 
Charles A. ; Clara V., wife of Hubert W. 
Whitney, of Pleasant township, Wapello coun- 
ty; and Guy Lorenzo. The father died July 
18, 1887, and Mrs. Bailey now resides with 
our subject on the old homestead. 



Guy L. Bailey was united in the holy bonds 
of matrimony with Jennie E. Burr, who was 
born in AVashington, Washington county, 
Iowa, and is a daughter of A. M. and I. L. 
Burr, of Henry county, Iowa. Fraternally, 
he is a member of the Odd Fellows and 
Knights of Pythias. He was a member of the 
school board of his district for several years, 
and is now secretary of that body. A man of 
recognized ability, he commands the respect of 
his fellow-citizens as a man of worth to the 

A great-grandfather of j\Ir. Bailey (Joseph 
Wallace) was in the battle of Fort Duquesne 
(Braddock's defeat), July 9, 1755. A great- 
uncle (Samuel Bailey) was a major in the 
Revolutionary \\'ar. Another great-uncle 
(John Tull) was in the battle of Xew Orleans 
January 8, 1815. An uncle (Nelson Bailey) 
and a cousin (Asl)ur}' Tull) were in the Civil 
War. A nephew ( H. Verner Bailc}-) was a 
lieutenant in a Alontana cavalr}- companv in 
the Spanish-American \A'ar, being with the 
Rough Riders in Cuba. 

E. HL'XT, a gentleman of recog- 
nized skill as a mechanic, is posess- 
ed of considerable in\'entive genius 
and is superintendent of the Ot- 
tumwa Box Car Loader C( mipany, which is en- 
gaged in the manufacture of box car loader, a 
product of his genius. Pie was born near To- 
ledo, Ohio, October 5, 1861, and is a son of C. 
J. and Elizabeth (Plolbrook) Hunt. 

C. J. Hunt is deceased, and his widow 
lives in the state of South Dakota. They had 
four sons and two daughters, of whom Frank, 
as well as W. E., is located in Ottumwa and 
is employed as a machinist by the Hardsocg 
Manufacturing Company. 

W. E. Hunt began his successful career 
as a machinist when fourteen years of age, 
serving an apprenticeship in the railroad shops 
of the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Rail- 
way Company. At the age of twenty-one 
years he came west and followed his trade at 
different places in the West and Northwest, 
until he came to Otttumwa about the year 
1885. He had charge of different machine 
shops here and spent about ten j-ears. 
with the Ottumwa Iron W^rks and five years, 
with the Hardsocg Manufacturing Companv. 
Meanwhile he had been working on the in- 
vention of the box car loader, which is prov- 
ing such a pronounced success. The first full- 
sized machine was turned out at the Hard- 
socg factor)-. It is an exceptionally ingenious 
machine and despite its weight of eight tons 
is easily handled h\- one ]e\-er, which controls 
the engine and machinery. The hopper, which 
is provided with a carrier bottom, has a ca- 
pacity of about one ton of coal, li is u feet 
in length, rc\olves on a heavy ])ivot, and 
travels in and out of the car. The machinery 
is operated b}- an 80-horse-power steam en- 
g ne, and is controlled lj_\- a single lever, the 
machine reversing automatically. It is placed 
directly under the chute and then conveys the 
coal to different parts of the box car, loading a 
car in seven minutes with the greatest ease. 



The sale to coal companies has been extensive 
and is rapidly increasing, a completed ma- 
chine retailing at about $2,000. Twelve 
skilled mechanics are employed, and other la- 
borers to the extent oi 40 men. Mr. Hunt 
and Henry Phillips, a record of whose life 
appears elsewhere in this volume, are eciual 
partners in the business, and both are excep- 
tionally shrewd busniess men. The former, 
being unexcelled as a machinist, is well cjuali- 
fied to superintend the work in the factor}-. 

A/Ir. Hunt was united in marriage with 
Josephine Lewis, a daughter of John Lewis, 
deceased. She is a native of Ottumwa, where 
she was reared and has always resided. They 
have two children: Charles and Hazel. Po- 
litically Mr. Hunt is a .strong supporter of 
Republican principles. He is a member 
of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 
In a religious connection, he is a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. He has a 
^•ery comfortable home which he built on the 
South Side of Ottumwa. 

T. McCARROLL, owner of the Mc- 
Carroll Manufacturing Company, one 
of the leading enterprises of Ottum- 
wa, Iowa, is a thorough business man, 
and has met with great success in the manufac- 
ture oi various kinds of stoves, of some of 
which he is the patentee. He was born in Har- 
rison county, Ohio, in 185 1, and is a son of W 
F. a-d Mary E. (Timmerman) McCarroll. 
W. F. McCarroll came of an old Ohio fam- 

ily, and was engaged in farming until he moved 
west, to Ottumwa, Ljwa, in 1871. He mar- 
ried Mary E. Timmerman, who had previously 
been married to a Mr. Ross, by whom she had 
one child, Mary E. (Hennegan), who now re- 
sides with Mrs. J. \V. Jordan, of Ottumwa. 
Mrs. McCarroll died when C. T. was but two 
years of age. Mr. McCarroll formed a second 
union, wedding Mary Millsack, and four chil- 
dren were born to them, namely : J. B. and 
A\^ F., who form the firm of McCarroll Broth- 
ers, conducting a hardware business on Main 
street, Ottumwa; Mrs. Phoebe (Biddisbn), 
whose husband died in 1900 ; and IMrs. Laura 
( Kilby ) , of Ottumwa, Mr. Kilby being a book- 
keeper in the First National Bank. 

C. T. McCarroll came to Ottumwa in 1871, 
and formed a partnership with his father, buy- 
ing out the hardware, business of William 
Kraemer on Main street. His father died in 
1 89 1, but the business continued to be con- 
ducted under the firm name of AA^ F. McCar- 
roll & Son until February, 1898. C. T. Mc- 
Carroll then sold out to the Harper & Mclntire 
Company, and entered upon his present busi- 
ness of manufacturing stoves. He purchased 
land at the end of the car line on West Sec- 
ond street, filled up the ground and erected his 
present building, 30 by 118 feet, in dimensions, 
with an ell 20 by 30 feet in size, used as a store- 
room. He employs a number of people in the 
manufacture of stoves, and uses a large num- 
ber of special machines, thus lessening the 
amount of labor recjuired. A number of the 
machines were patented by him. He has 
shown considerable skill as an inventor, one 



of his inventions being a soft coal blast-heater, 
with top draft, which readily burns slack and 
soft coal, and was patented in August, 1900. 
He also patented, in 1898, a sheet-iron wood- 
burner with no up draft, the heat being forced 
to the bottom of the stove before ascending ; it 
is called a wood base-burner. He has a large 
sale of these and they are giving universal satis- 
faction wherever used. He also makes heavy 
air-tight heaters and farmers' feed cookers. 
He has a sheet-iron wood carrier, and other 
conveniences. The plant covers one and a half 
acres of ground and is complete in all its de- 
tails, the power being furnished by a gasoline 
engine. He is also connected with the Ot- 
tumwa Brick & Construction Company, of 
which D. F. Morey is manager. 

Mr. McCarroll was joined in marriage with 
Emma L. Foster, a daughter of Thomas Foster. 
Mrs. McCarroll was reared in Wapello county, 
Iowa. They have three children, as follows : 
Mary, Helen and Laura. Politicall)-, Mr. Mc- 
Carroll is a Republican, and served as alder- 
man of the sixth ward, in which he has a good 
residence property. He is a member of the 
Royal Arcanum. He is liberal in religious 



H. WILLIA^^IS is president of the 
Fair-Williams Bridge & Manufactur- 
ing Company, at Ottumwa, the only 
concern of the kind in AA^apello county. 
He has been engaged in this line of business 
since 1880, and has displayed great business 
ability. This is one of the leading industries of 

Ottumwa, and the largest plant of its kind in 
the state of Iowa. He was born in 1840 in 
Crawford county, Pennsylvania, and is a son of 
James Williams. 

James Williams was a mechanic by trade 
and lived in Pennsylvania until his death in 
1859. His wife died later at the age of eighty 
years. Fie had two children : J. H. ; and Mrs. 
Mary (Daniels), of Crawford county, Penn- 

J. H. Williams was reared and educated in 
Crawford county, Pennsylvania, and worked 
in the machine shops at Conneautville, in that 
county, when a boy. He enlisted, in 1863, in 
Company C, 112th Reg., Pa. Vol. Inf. (then 
converted into the 2d Pa. Artillery) and served 
until the clcse of the war. He first came to Iowa 
in 1 856, and one year later located near Keosau- 
C|ua, Iowa, having completed an apprenticeship 
as a carpenter and joiner before coming to this 
state. In i88o, he became identified with the 
bridge and manufacturing business at Keo^au- 
qua, and owned and operated a plant there. In 
1887, he moved to Ottumwa, Iowa, and with 
Mr. Fair established the present business, hav- 
ing purchased the plant of the Ottumwa Plow 
Company. They have since added largely to 
the buildings, and, in addition to the ware- 
house, there is now a space of no by 160 feet 
under roof. In 1900, the large fire-proof brick 
structure was erected, and they have a foundry 
complete in all its appointments. The firm 
was incorporated as the Fair-\A'illiams Bridge 
& Manufacturing Company in 1894, with Mr. 
Williams as president and E. D. Fair as secre- 
tary and treasurer. They manufacture bridge 



material and architectural iron work, and em- 
ploy about 40 men, who are mainly first-class 
mechanics and iron workers. They have a 
wide field for the sale of their products, em- 
bracing Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Nebraska, 
Dakota and Colorado, and their business is 
rapidly increasing. The owners attend to the 
interests of the firm on the road, and are en- 
terprising and energetic business men. 

E. D. Fair was born in Maryland near the 
Pennsylvania line, and is a son of John Fair, 
who with his family came to Wapello county, 
Iowa, in 1856, and located a little north of 
Agency, where he followed farming. At the 
time of the removal to this state, E. D. Fair 
was but ten years of age. He learned the car- 
penter's trade and did some contracting, and 
later crossed the plains and contracted on the 
gradework of the Union Pacific Railroad. He 
returned to A\'apello county, Iowa, in 1869, 
contracted -for bridge building in the county, 
and in 1887 began steel bridge making, which 
he has since continued. His parents are de- 
ceased. He married ]\Iiss Giltner, a daugh- 
ter of \A'illiam Giltner, deceased, who was a 
pioneer of this cnuiit)-. They have six chil- 
dren, one of whom is Dr. A. B. Fair, of Iowa 
City. The others reside at or near Agenc}', 
where he has his home and o\Vns extensive 
farming interests. 

Mr. \\ illiams was married in Pennsylvania 
to Lovina Wright, ^^■ho died and left seven 
children : Frank, who is in the employ of the 
Fair-AA'illiams Bridge & IManufacturing Com- 
pany, at Ottumwa; Eva (Horner), whose hus- 
band is a druggist in Eddyville, Iowa; Mrs, 

Tettershall, of Chicago; Flora (Gibson), of 
Los Angeles, California; Mrs. William Gregg, 
of Burlington, Iowa ; Mrs. Craighead, of Joliet, 
Illinois, and Bert, of Ottumwa, Iowa. Polit- 
ically, Mr. Williams is a Republican, and cast 
his first vote for Lincoln. Fraternally, he is a 
Mason and Knight Templar, and belongs to 
the Elks. Religiously, he is a Methodist. Mrs. 
Williams died in September, 1900, at the age 
of sixty-one years. 

R. A. V. STEVENS, who was long 
a prominent member of the medi- 
cal profession in Wapello county, 
Iowa, was engaged in active practice 
at Highland Center for a period of thirty-seven 
years, but is now living a retired hfe at Ot- 
tumwa. He is a man of pleasing personality 
and has many friends throughout this county. 
Dr. Stevens was born in Harrison county, 
Indiana, in 181 5, and at a very early date 
went to Illinois, where he was located until 
1853. In that year he came to \A'apello coun-' 
ty, Iowa, and settled in Highland township. 
He erected a log calkin, to which he toijk his 
bride, and improved the claim he had entered. 
He resided there until 1893, and then moved 
to Ottumwa. AA'hen he first came to this 
county a log-house was the only dwelling in 
Ottumwa, in which a general store was con- 
ducted by Mr. Devin. He sold his land in 
1893 and has since been retired from business, 
enjo}'ing life at his home in Ottumwa, at the 
age of eighty-six years. 

Dr. Stevens formed a matrimonial alliance 




with Catherine Aliller, who was born in Ken- 
tucky, and they became the parents of the fol- 
lowing children : Charlotte ; Nancy ; Lydia ; 
Rhoda; Ernest; Jacob; Owen; Douglas; and 
Orlando. His children are all well settled and 
he gathers much enjoyment from their com- 
pany. Mrs. Stevens, who was a woman of 
amiable disposition, attractive manners and 
high character, died in Ottumwa some time 
after their removal here. Politically, Dr. Ste- 
vens is a Democrat, and has served on the 
school board of his township for fifteen years. 
He is a faithful member of the Baptist church. 

B. BONNIFIELD, a gentleman 
exceedingly prominent in the cir- 
cles of finance in this section 
of the state of Iowa, whose 
portrait is shown herewith, is president 
of the First National Bank of Ottum- 
wa, Iowa. He has been located in this 
city for more than forty years, and dur- 
ing this time has been closely identified with 
all public improvements, and all projects tend- 
ing to benefit the community. 

Mr. Bonnifield was born in Randolph 
county, Virginia, February 23, 1827, and 
moved with his parents to Jefiferson county, 
Iowa, in the spring of 1837, where they set- 
tled on a farm nine miles east of Fairfield. 
There both of his parents died in the spring 
of 1 84 1, leaving a large family of children. 
He remained on the farm until 1847, attend- 
ing school in the winter months in the log 

school-house (wliich had greased paper in the 
\\'indows in the place of glass), and working 
on the farm through the summer months. Mr. 
Bonnifield was ver\- desirous of obtaining an 
education. In 1847, h^ and his two younger 
brothers went to the Iowa W'esleyan Univer- 
sit_\' at Mount Pleasant, Iowa, and remained 
there one and a half years. From there they 
went to Pennnsyhania, in 1849, and attended 
Allegheny College. At that early day there 
was no means of public conveyance from Iowa 
to Meadville, Pennsylvania, the seat of Al- 
legheny College, except by boat on the Missis- 
si])pi and Ohio rivers to Pittsburg, and thence 
by canal to Meadville. As cholera prevailed 
on those rivers in that year, these three broth- 
ers chose to tramp across the prairies of Illi- 
n(,is to Chicago, and carry their luggage, get- 
ting a ride occasionally in a farm-wagon for 
pay or through the sympathy of a farmer. 
There was at that time but one railroad, the 
Michigan Southern, Ijy which transportation 
east from Chicago could he secured, and as 
the fare was more expensi\"e than by water, 
these three sore-footed bo\'s took a steamer 
on the lakes for Erfe, 40 miles from Allegheny 
College; but by the time the}- got to Cleve- 
land, Ohio, they concluded the)- would not con- 
tribute anything more towards the filling of the 
Lke and abandoned the steamer for a tramp 
of 90 miles to Meadville. After remaining 
in college for two and a half )-ears, their 
purse was found depleted to such an extent 
that something had to be done. Therefore 
W B. Bonnifield went to Kentucky and taught 
school for a term of five months, fullv ex- 



pecting to return to college. He was in- 
duced to stay another term, with increased 
pay, and then, still another term, so that he 
remained nearly two years. At this time the 
California gold fever was prevalent all over 
the country. Mr. Bonnifield crossed the plains 
by means of ox teams, in 1853, in company 
with four brothers. He followed mining and 
stock-raising in northern California until 
1 86c, when he returned east and located at 
Ottumwa, Iowa. His California venture wa; 
reasonably successful, at least he returned with 
more than he took there with him. He en- 
gaged in the private banking business in Ot- 
tumwa, in October, 1861, with his two broth- 
ers, under the firm name of Bonnifield Broth- 
ers, and continued thus until October, 1863. 
Then, on the passage of the national banking 
law he organized the First National Bank of 
Ottumwa, with a capital stock of $60,000. 
This bank was No. 107, and was the first na- 
tional bank organized west of the Mississippi 
river. He was its first cashier and George 
Gillaspy its first president. AVithin the 
first year Mr. Bonnifield was made pres- 
ident, and has since continued in that 
capacity with the exception of two years, 
James Ha\^'ley serving as its president 
during that period. This bank is considered 
one of the best managed and most successful 
in the state of Iowa. It doubled its capital 
stock of $60,000 in 1891, and has paid $460,- 
300 in dividends to its stockholders since its 
organization. Mr. Bonnifield was president 
and treasurer of the Iowa Central Coal Com- 

pany, at Oskaloosa, for one year, and was 
treasurer of the St. Louis & Cedar Rapids 
Railroad Company for six years, until it was 
sold to the Milwaukee system. He has always 
been prominently identified with public enter- 
prises, w'hose object was toi increase the 
growth and prosperity of the community. He 
was one of the promoters of the Ottumwa 
AVater Power Company, and served as its 
president for eight years. 

W. B. Bonnifield was united in marriage 
October 28, 1862, with Alcinda Innskeep, a 
native of Hillsboro, Ohio, and they have 
reared three children, as follows : Mary B. 
(Hormel), of Cedar Rapids, Iowa; Lizzie B. 
(Simmons), of Ottumwa, Iowa; and William 
B., Jr., assistant cashier of the First National 
Bank of Ottumwa, who married Lizette Near, 
of Racine, Wisconsin. In 1870, Mr. Bonni- 
field built a residence on the corner of Sec- 
ond and Jefferson streets, in which he has since 
resided. He has for many years been a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity. Religiously 
he is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 

In 1898, the Union Trust & Savings Bank 
was organized with a capital of $50,000 by the 
same men who controlled the First National 
Bank, and as a result the capital of the latter 
was reduced to $100,000. The present di- 
rectors of the First National Bank are: W. 
B. Bonnifield; Martin Hutchison (cashier); 
George Haw; J. B. Sax; and W. B. Bonni- 
field, Jr. The bank officials erected their own 
building in 1870, and occupied it until 1880,. 



when it was destroyed by fire. They rebuilt 
in 1 88 1, on the corner of Main and Market 

\y. B. Bonnifield has been an important 
factor in the building up of Ottumwa; he has, 
all the time been a banker, bringing tO' the 
business his native good sense as well as that 
financial education that comes to those who 
are accustomed to handling the money of oth- 
ers ; he has never aspired to office, but steadily 
kept in view the interests of those who con- 
fided in hiiii as a financier, and has so managed 
the affairs of his bank that at no time has it 
been in peril, or even threatened with peril. In 
the exercise of these functions he has had the 
accustomed experience of bank8rs, and yet with 
all of his conservatism there has never been 
a day or an hour that he has not been ready 
to aid all legitimate enterprises that have been 
calculated tO' advance the interests of Ot- 
tumwa, materially as well as morally. He 
has, at the risk of loss, been a fearless ad- 
v(;cate of temperance, and in every way he 
has thrown his influence in favor of things 
that contribute to good rather than to evil. In 
all the public movements for charity the name 
of AY. B. Bonnifield has been among the fore- 
most in contributing to relieve the woes of 
others, whether at home or abroad. 

It will be seen by this sketch that Mr. 
Bonnifield attained his present position 
through his own efforts and ^vithout the aid of 
any extraordinary circumstances in his favor. 
In early life he worked on a farm; later on 
he taught school, and when California offered 
an opportunity for enterprising young Ameri- 

cans, he was adventurous enough to take his 
chances. He met with no great fortune there-, 
but he returned to the state with more money 
than he took \\ith him ; he \\ as all the time 
prudent, laboring earnestly, and all that he' 
gained was through his untiring industry and 
excellent judgment in dealing with the prob- 
lems that entered into his experience as a 
miner and stock-raiser. He brought the same 
qualities to bear th.en that he has since dis- 
played in managing the affairs of a great cor- 
poration, which has been built up mainly 
through his efforts. If ^Ir. Bonnifield had 
been less careful in business matters, and in 
exercising the virtues of prudence and econ- 
(;my, he \\'0uld not ha\-e been able to do the 
works of charity and liberality which he takes 
pleasure in doing, when the proper objects 
have been presented to him. 


the most highly esteemed residents 

of Ottumwa, AA'apellO' county, 

Iowa, is the widow of William 

Daggett, who for many years was one of the 

leading business men of Ottumwa. 

AA'lilliam Daggett was born in Jordan, On- 
ondaga county. New York, ^larch 12, 1830, 
and was a son of Ebenezer Daggett. He had 
three brothers and a sister, namely: Edward, 
who is in the livery business at Ottumwa; 
Henry B., of Brookfield, Missouri ; C. F., of 
Syracuse, New York ; and ]\Irs. Rebecca 
Morse, of California. AA^illiam Daggett came 



to Ottnmwa from Onondaga county, New 
York, in 1856, one year later returning to Sen- 
eca Falls, New York, \\here he was married, 
his wife accompanying him back to Ottnmwa. 
He was influenced in locating at Ottumwa by 
Seth Richards, deceased, who was then resid- 
ing at Bentonsport, located on what is now 
the Des A/[oines Valley Division of the C. R. 
L & P Railway. Following, that gentleman's 
advice he located at Ottumwa, with the result 
that the city has seen all of his successful busi- 
ness career and been greatly benefited thereby. 
In 1857, he engaged in the hardware business, 
and a few years later J. W. Edgerly, who had 
been in Mr. Daggett's employ, became a mem- 
ber of the firm. The firm of Daggett & Ed- 
gerly continued until the latter retired. Mr. 
AA' T. Plarper then became a partner. The 
firm of Daggett & Harper continued in the 
hardware business until 1875, when they sold 
out, only to engage in the linseed oil business. 
Mr. Daggett became identified with I. N. Alast 
in operating the Ottumwa Starch Works. In 
1870, Mr. Blake bought the interests of 
stockholders in the Iowa National Bank, and 
in 1872 Mr. Daggett became one of the direc- 
tors, after which time he was identified with 
the bank as director or vice-president until his 
death on February 26, 1900, having nearly 
rounded out the allotted term of three score 
years and ten. He was possessed of excellent 
business rjualifications, and was very success- 
ful in whatever line of business he engaged. 
He. was largely instrumental in securing the 
water ]5nwer and later the water works, which 
now supply the city with water. After the old 

starch works were sold to the starch trust, Mr. 
Daggett nearly succeeded in bringing the im- 
mense mill to Ottumwa that was later located 
at Des Moines, making several trips tO' New 
York for that purpose. He was connected 
with all enterprises of note and was a conser- 
vative business man of good judgment. In 
late A-ears he was known as Ottumwa's lead- 
ing financier, and was always appealed to 
when any new industry wished to locate here. 
Fie looked thoroughly into the merits of the 
Janney Alanufacturing Company, and aided 
largely in securing its location. He later 
placed capital at the company's command and 
served as its treasurer. AVhen the possibility 
of bringing the immense Dain works to Ot- 
tumwa was first learned, Mr. Daggett was one 
(if the first to place his shoulder to the wheel 
and push the enterprise to a successful issue. 
At the time of his death Mr. Daggett was 
busily engaged in trying to bring a large cok- 
ing plant here, which would mean thousands 
of dollars of revenue annually to Ottumwa, and 
that success had crowned his efforts is shown 
by a letter which was received from L. Z. 
Leiter only a few hours before his death rela- 
tive to the matter. The promoters of the en- 
terprise tacitly announced their intention of 
placing the plant here. There is not a large in- 
dustry in Ottumwa which was not favored in 
some wa)' b)- Air. Daggett, either financially 
or by work in its interest. He was also vice- 
president of the Ottumwa Railway, Electric 
Light & Steam Company, president of the 
Equitable Loan Association, and a director of 
the Ottumwa Opera House Company. He 




was prominently identified with the Trinity 
Episcopal church, of which he was a warden 
since 1863, being senior warden at his death, 
and was most liberal in its financial support. 
He was instrumental in getting the original 
church structure, and when the last edifice was 
erected he not only gave liberally of his wealth 
toward its successful completion, but actually 
superintended its construction. 

Mr. Daggett was married at Seneca Falls, 
New York, October 13, 1857, to Susan E. 
Daniels. She was born in Seneca Falls, in 
1835, and is a daughter of George B. and 
Mary S. (Giddings) Daniels, her father at 
one time serving in Congress from Seneca 
■county. Her mother recently celebrated her 
ninetieth birthday. She comes of old Revolu- 
tionary stock, and has a brother residing in 
Seneca Falls. Mr. and Mrs. Daggett became 
parents of eight children, seven of whom are 
living: Minnie A. ; Maude; \A^allace R., cash- 
ier of the Iowa National Bank of Ottumwa; 
Amy; Eva (Higdon), of Ottumw^a; Blanche; 
and Philip. The present fine brick home was 
erected in 1885 and is located on the corner of 
Fifth and Court streets. Politically, Mr. Dag- 
gett was a Republican. 

whose portrait is shown on the op- 
posite page, is the senior mem- 
ber of the firm of Work & 
AA'ork, his son Emmett A. being as- 
sociated with him in the practice of 

law. He is devoted to his profession, turning 
neither to the right nor to the left in search for 
honors or preferment outside of the profession 
which he has chosen for his life work and which 
he loves so well. He was born on December 
25, 1844, on a farm in Jefferson county, Iowa; 
his father, Joseph Work, was a native of Clark 
county, Indiana, and came to Jefferson county, 
Iowa, in 1843. T^^ same year, before leaving 
Indiana, the latter was married to Eleanor 
Huckleberry. They moved, in 1845, to Van 
Buren county, Iowa, near Birmingham, w-here 
the subject of this sketch was reared on a farm, 
and became inured to all the hardships, toil and 
privations incident to pioneer life. Joseph 
Work represented Van Buren county in the 
Iowa legislature in 1872. 

William Alexander Work received his rudi- 
niental education in the old school-house of pio- 
neer days, where he attended a winter and sum- 
mer term until he was old enough to work in 
the field; then, he was limited to a winter term 
for several years. In such schools everything 
taught was not from books ; the wide expanse 
of prairie, fringed with forests, gave the boy 
a breadth of character not attained in the en- 
vironments of a towni or city. Such a young 
man was Mr. Work in the latter "fifties," 
when he entered the then well known academy 
at Birmingham. In 1862, he was admitted to 
die college course of Iowa Wesleyan Univers- 
ity, at Mount Pleasant ; he completed one year's 
study there, and in 1863 enlisted in the United 
States Nav}', and was assigned to the United 
States gunboat "Benton," the flagship of Ad- 
miral Porter's Lower Mississippi Squadron. 



He served during a part of 1863 and 1864, 
at the time when many of tlie great 
engagements on the Mississippi river oc- 
curred. Island No. 10, Memphis, Vicioburg 
and New Orleans had fallen during this period. 
When his term of service closed, he returned 
to Iowa AVesleyan University, and completed 
his college course, in 1867. After graduating, 
he taught school in Keosauqua f ( )r a year ; in 
the meantime he had taken up the study of law 
with Hon. Robert Sloan, of the Keosauquci. 
bar, and when Mr. Sloan was elected circuit 
judge, JMr. A\'ork succeeded to the Judge"? 
practice. Eight years later, he associated him- 
self with Judge Alexander Brown under the 
firm name of Work & Brown, and in 1882, 
Judge Sloan, after leaving the bench, became a 
member of the firm of Sloan, A\'ork & Brown. 
In 1883, Mr. Work removed to Ottumwa and 
opened an office, but retained his connection 
with the old firm until Judge Sloan was again 
advanced to the bench, when the firm became 
AVork & Brown, which has continued until the 
present time, at Keosauqua. Mr. AA'ork regu- 
larly attends both the courts of Van Buren and 
AA^apello counties. He has been successfully 
engaged in some of the most important litiga- 
tions in southern Iowa. As a trial lawver, 
either before the court or jury, he has few 
equals at the bar in Iowa. His mind is natur- 
ally analytical and logical, and whether dis- 
cussing a point of law or presenting an analysis 
of evidence, he is strong and convincing. He 
is also eloquent as a public speaker. It is a 
matter of record in the county that he has been 
singularly successful in the cases that he has 

undertaken. His methods are to advise clients 
safely, without regard to prospective fees, and 
when he undertakes a case, it may be set down 
that he believes in the justice of his cause, and 
knows how to maintain the rights of his client. 
Mr. AA^ork is a Republican, in politics, and 
a strong supporter of his party, but he is in no 
sense a politician ; he devotes his attention tc^ 
his profession, seeking no honors except those 
that strictly belong to it. Mr. Work married 
Hinda H. Marlow at Keosauc[ua, in 1869. 
They have had the following children : Craig 
M. ; Benjamin M. ; Emmett A. ; Esther B. ; 
Ruth E. ; and Stella E. Mr. and Mrs. AVork 
are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church ; they have a very pleasant home at the 
corner of Fifth and Court streets. 

EVI HILLS, deceased. This gentle- 
man was for many years a prominent 
citizen of Ottumwa, engaged in the 
merchandise brokerage business. He 
\\-as born July 22, 1838, at Lisbon, Kendall 
county, Illinois, and was a son of Levi Hills, 
Sr., who was known as "Deacon Hills," and 
was for many years engaged in the grocery 
business in Ilinois. Deacon Hills' wife died in 
Manchester, Iowa, in 1876, at the home of her 
son. Levi Hills had one brother. Miles, who 
lived in California until his death, and of sev- 
eral sisters but one is living. 

Levi Hills was reared in Illinois. He at- 
tended Beloit and Knoxville colleges, and m- 
tended to prepare for the career of a lawyer,. 



but on account of serious trouble with his eyes 
he was obhged to abandon that intention. At 
the cah for three months volunteers in 1861, 
he enlisted in Company F, nth Reg. 111. Vol. 
Inf., as a private. He reenlisted at the expira- 
tion of that time, and served mainly in the 
quartermaster's department during the remain- 
der of the war. In 1865 he went south, where 
he bought a cotton plantation, in Louisiana. He 
then returned to Iowa, where he was married. 
In 1867, Mr. Hills accepted a position with 
W. C. Moss, Jr., & Company, as bookkeeper, 
which he held for some years. Later he trav- 
eled for the Ottumwa Starch Works, until that 
business was sold tO' the trust. Mr. Hills then 
opened a merchandise brokerage office in the 
Richards block in Ottumwa, where he con- 
tinued business until the time of his death. 
He died July 15, 1899, and his death was sin- 
cerely mourned by all. He was one of the most 
. prominent business men in Ottumwa, and no 
public enterprise was complete without his as- 
sistance. A man of honest, upright character, 
kind and charitable to all, his absence has been, 
keenly felt in Ottumwa. 

Mr. Hills was united in marriage, in 1870, 
with Sarah McCollum. She was born in La 
Porte, Indiana, in 1846, and is a daughter of 
Frederick McCollum. Her father was of 
Scotch ancestry. He was a merchant, and his 
death occurred at the home of a daughter in 
Illinois, in 1885, at the age of seventy-three 
years. His wife, who- was of English descent, 
died in 1876, at Manchester, Iowa, aged sixty- 
one years. Mrs. Hills had one brother, who 
died, and she has three sisters living. 

To Mr. Hills and his wife two children 
were born, namely : Hubert L., whO' was born 
in Ottumwa, in 1881, and has taken his fa- 
thers place in the brokerage business; and 
Mary, who was born in 1871, and is the 
wife of James W. Mytton, of St. Joseph, Mis- 
souri, prosecuting attorney of Buchanan coun- 
ty, Missouri, — they have two children, Allen 
and John. 

Politically, Mr. Hills was a Republican. 
Fraternally, he was a Master Mason and was 
an enthusiastic member of the G. A. R., hold- 
ing, successively, all the offices in the post, 
and that of senior vice commander of the De- 
partment of Iowa. Mr. Hills was secretary 
of the Industrial Exchange at Ottumwa for 
many years. The family attend the Episcopal 
church, though Mr. Hills people were Con- 

HOMAS E. GIBBONS, the leading 
grocer on the South Side of Ottum- 
wa, A\'apello county, Iowa, and also 
alderman at large, is a native of To- 
ronto, Canada. He was born in 1856, and is a 
son of John and Margaret, (O'Donnell) Gib- 
bons, who were both natives of Ireland. 

When John Gibbons was married, he de- 
cided to make his home in America, and in 
1855 came to this country. Soon after reach- 
ing here he went to Canada. Six children re- 
sulted from his union with Margaret O'Don- 
nell, three of whom are deceased. Edward 
died in Ireland, and Catherine and James died 
in America. The oldest son, John F., is a 



Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad em- 
ployee, who lives on the North Side of Ot- 
tumwa. Mrs. Ann O'Malley also lives in Ot- 

Thomas E. Gibbons, the subject of this 
sketch, was reared and schooled in Ottumwa. 
He entered the employ of McCullough & Lil- 
liburn, dealers in butter and eggs, in 1870. 
After remaining with that firm a short time, 
he went to Omaha, where he engaged in the 
same business. He returned to Ottumwa in 
1879, and entered the grocery business with 
Mr. O'Malley, after which he formed a part- 
nership with \\'. J. Neil, which lasted until 
1883. The store was on the North Side and 
was known as Neil & Gibbons. Then Mr. 
Gibbons conducted a store (jn the South Side 
under the name of Beaver & Gibbons. Since 
1895 he has been engaged in the grocery busi- 
ness alone at Nos. gii-913. Church street. His 
store is known as the Gibbons Tea Store. He 
erected a building and employs three people 
to assist him in the store. By his courteous 
and fair treatment to his cu.'^tom.ers he has 
gained the patronage of about one-third the 
residents of the South Side. He has been a 
self-made man, and has just cause to be proud 
of the success which he has won. 

Air. Gibbons married Annie Monley, who 
died in June, 1891. They had five children, 
namely: Frank; ?\Iary ; Kittie; Maggie; and 
Annie. Air. Gibbons married, secondly, Vina 
AA'allace, a daughter of A\'oodson Wallace, who 
\Aas an early resident of Ottumwa. In poli- 
tics, our subject is a Democrat. He was elect- 
ed alderman of the Fifth ward, being the first 

one from the South Side to be elected. Mr. 
Gibbons has served two terms, and was elect- 
ed both times by a large majority. Fraternal- 
Iv, he is a member of the Woodmen of the 
AA'orld and National Union. In his religious 
views he is a Catholic. 

OSEPH AINLEY, who has been 
closely identified with the growth of 
Ottumwa since 1862, is a member of 
the firm of Ainley & Weidenfeller, and 
is engaged in the milling business. 

Mr. Ainlev was horn in Yorkshire, Ene- 
land, in 1833, and is a son of AVilliam Ainley, 
being the only member of the family who 
moved to this country. He is one of five chil- 
dren. Upon coming to this country, he lo- 
cated in St. Louis, in 1858, and six months 
later moved to Jefiferson county, Iowa. In 
1862, he came to Ottumwa, AA'apella county, 
Iowa, bringing his family with him, and was 
engaged in the livery business for eleven years. 
He then engaged in the stock-yards business. 
He was associated with P. G. Ballingall in 
both the li\-ery and stock-yards business, fol- 
lowing the latter until 1876. In that year, Air. 
Ainley engaged in baling and shipping hay at 
Ottumwa, — making that city the distributing 
point. He continued thus until 1884, in which 
year he erected his present feed, flour and cus- 
tom mill.' It occupies a three-story building, 
4- by 50 feet, in dimensions, and has a capac- 
ity of 60 barrels of straight-grade flour, and 
a greater feed capacity. He has a large local 




trade, supplying the feed and grocery stores, 
and the business is in a thri\'ing condition. He 
was alone in this business until 1899, when he 
took a trip to his native country, England, 
leaving" his affairs in charge of his son and Mr. 
Weidenfeller. Since that time, the firm name 
has been Ainley & AVeidenfeller. 

Mr. Ainley was united in marriage, in Eng- 
land, .with Hannah Crowther, who died in 
1877, leaving four children, as follows : J. W., 
a railroad man who died in 1893, at the age of 
thirty-fi\'e years ; Edwin, who is thirty-five 
years old, and is connected with the Union 
Stock Yards of Chicago ; Sarah Eliizabeth 
(Weidenfeller), whose husband manages the 
mill and lives in South Ottumwa; and Sewell 
C, wlio is located in the West. Politically, 
Mr. Ainley has always been a Republican. In 
religious views, he is an Episcopalian. He 
owns residence property in South Ottumwa, 
and has a pleasant home. 

H. PLVRPER, who has been prom- 
inently identified with the growth of 
Ottumwa for more than thirty Acars 
past, is a member of the Harper & jMc- 
Intire Compan}?, wholesale dealers in hardware. 
He was born near Zanesville, Muskingum C(jun- 
t}-, Ohio, April 2^. i(S43. 

;\Ir. Harper came to Ottumwa, AA'apello 
county, Iowa, in 1853, and settled on a farm 
with his father's family, about one and a quar- 
ter miles north of the present city limits. He 
remained on the farm until 1862, when he en- 

listed as a private in Company B, 36th Reg., 
Iowa Vol. Inf. In June, 1863, he was commis- 
sioned by the Secretary of War as a second, 
lieutenant in the 46th Reg., U. S. Colored In- 
fantry. He was later promoted to be a first 
lieutenant, and then to a captaincy, and was^ 
honorably discharged from the army in Feb- 
ruar)', 1866, after three years and seven 
months of service. 

In 1867, Mr. Harper entered the employ of 
the hardware firm of Henry & Haw, of Ot- 
tumwa, and thus continued until 1869, when he 
embarked in business for himself, as a member 
of the firm of Egan & Harper. In 1873, the 
building and stock of this firm were destro\-ed 
by fire, and the same year they purchased the 
stock of Daggett & Edgerly, their competitors 
in the hardware business. The business \\as 
then conducted under the firm name of Egan, 
Plarper & Company, Mr. Edgerly remaining 
with the new firm. In 1875, Mr. Edgerly sokf 
his interest to E. A. Chambers, and in 1876 
the firm embarked in the wholesale business by 
putting tw(j traveling men on the road. In 
1 88 1, Mr. Egan sold his interest in the busi- 
ness, and R. C. AA'ilson and Frank Alclntire 
entered the firm, — the name being changed to- 
Harper, Chambers & Compan}-. In 1881, a 
fire starting in an adjoining drug store de- 
stroyed the building,' and seriously damaged 
the goods of the firm. In [885, :Mr. AMison, 
retired from the firm, and in 1892 Air. Cham- 
bers retired, the firm name being changed to 
the Plarper & Alclntire Company, which has 
remained its designation up to the present time. 
The large four-story building now occupied 



by the company was erected in 1893, and the 
business has grown to enormous proportions, 
— the firm being rated as one of tlie largest 
commercial houses of Iowa. 

Mr. Harper has always taken an active in- 
terest in public matters, and has assisted in se- 
curing all of the enterprises which have lo- 
cated in Ottumwa during the past thirty years. 
He has been a member of the school board, 
president of the Mississippi & Missouri Valley 
Hardware Association, a presidential elector, 
and for the past two years president of the 
Wapello County Old Settlers' Association. He 
has been a director of the Iowa National Bank 
for twenty years, and was a delegate to the na- 
tional monetary convention held at Indian- 
apolis, in 1897 and 1898. He is a man of 
great influence, and has many friends in the 
state. His portrait accompanies this sketch, 
being presented on a foregoing page. 

ILLIAM M. REECE, who holds 
an important position with the 
government as secretary of the 
committee on public lands, is a 
prominent contractor and builder of Ottumwa, 
Iowa. When he came to this state he was 
without means, and it was only by hard work 
and perseverance that he attained his high 
standing in, the community. He was born in 
Wood county. West Virginia, November 25, 
1856, and is a son of Alpheus R. and Phoebe 
(Lowther) Reece. 

Alpheus R. Reece was born in Wood coun- 
ty, West Virginia, and came from a promi- 


nent old family of Virginia, of English and 
Welsh descent. His great-grandfather was 
also a native of Virginia. The members of 
the family have been largely mechanics and 
tradesman, but few entering professions. 
Abraham Rees, the compiler of the first Eng- 
lish encyclopedia, was a relative of Alpheus 
R. Reece. The latter was a soldier of the 
Civil war, serving in the 15th Reg., W. Va. 
Vol. Inf., and after the war engaged in the 
boot and shoe and other mercantile business. 
He married Phoebe Lowther, who' was born 
in 1828, in Ritchie county. West Virginia. 
Her father crossed the Alleghany mountains 
as early as 1790, and settled in ^^•hat is now 
Ritchie county. West Virginia. He en- 

gaged with a pack-train in carrying salt to 
settlers in the Ohio River Valley in the vi- 
cinity of ^Marietta. He experienced all the 
hardships incident to that early pioneer life, 
and had many fierce skirmishes with the In- 
dians. His oldest son, William M., moved to 
Clay county, Illinois, and engaged in farming 
on an extensi^-e scale. His 3'oungest daughter 
married Da^-id McGregor, an influential man 
in the Democratic party of West Virginia for 
many years, who' was also- extensively engaged 
in oil operations; he was somewhat unfortu- 
nate in speculations prior to his death, but left 
his wife 1,700 acres of land, upon which an 
abundance of petroleum has since been found, 
from which land she derives a handsome in- 
come, leasing it to operators.. Mr. and Mrs. 
Reece reared two sons and three daughters, as 
follows : A\'illiam M. ; Abraham L., a Christian 
minister located in Fresno county, California; 



Anpa M., wife of Clark AVigner, an oil opera- 
tor; and Electa J., wife of William Dilly, a car- 
penter, both residing in Ritchie county, West 
Virginia; and Ella, who resides with an aunt 
in the same county. 

\\^iliam M. Reece was reared in Virginia 
until he reached the age of twenty years, and 
then came west to strive for himself. He stop- 
ped at Keosauqua, Van Buren county, Iowa, 
having, as he expressed it, "75 cents and a 
good appetitie." He resolved to make a start 
and succeed in life or never return to Virginia. 
Twelve years later he and his wife visited the 
old home friends, and viewed the hills and the 
valleys where he had played as a boy, now 
all covered ^\•ith oil derricks. Although he 
had only co-mmon school advantages as a boy, 
he has always been a student, and now has a 
valuable library. He learned the trade of a 
cooper and carpenter early in life, and has 
done large contract work at different places. 
At Keosauqua, he was engaged at carpenter 
work until 1881, when he came to Ottumwa. 
He then began work at the cooper trade at 
Morrell &Seymour's, and, later, worked by the 
da}' as a carpenter for Charles Simons, who 
was then contracting. In 1884, he formed a 
partnership with Mr. Simmons, which lasted 
one year, and, in 1885, built for George H. 
Shaffer the large house now occupied by Dr. 
Bonham. He built the Ottumwa Coal Palace, 
in 1889. He planned John Mclntire's resi- 
dence on North Market street, in 1892. In 
1893, hs built the Franklin school-house, and 
Leighton Block, in 1895. He employed over 
100 men, and built school-houses and churches 

in different parts of the state. He was elect- 
ed a member of the city council from the sec- 
ond ward, in 1889, and served one term. In 
1894, he was chairman of the Republican coun- 
ty central committee, and chairman of the 
judicial district Republican committee. He 
was appointed, in the latter part of 1895, sec- 
retary of the committee on public lands by 
Congressman John F. Lacy, and has since held 
that position. He has discharged its duties 
in a most satisfactory manner, and is in Wash- 
ington, D. C, during every session of Con- 
gress. He made a trip to the northern coast 
of the Behring Sea in the summer of 1900, 
and has visited all the public land states to 
better acquaint himself with the public domain, 
spending considerable time in the Yosemite 
Valley and in Yellowstone Park. Recently, 
accompanied by his son Carroll J\I., aged nine 
years, he made a trip to Alaska, going up Nome 
River and had a very fine time. 

In 1901, Mr. Reece visited the Kiowa and 
Comanche country, and since his return he or- 
ganized a company with an authorized capital 
stock of $100,000, to engage in producing oil 
and deal in oil lands. ]\Ir. Reece was elected 
president of this company, known as the Ot- 
tumwa Oil & De\'eloping Company. 

Mr. Reece was united in marriage, in 1880, 
in Van Buren county, Iowa, with Clara Houk, 
who was born in that county in 1857, and is a 
daughter of Henry Houk, who was killed at 
the battle of Fort Donelson in the Ci\'il AA^ar. 
This union was productive of two children : 
Harlan M., aged seventeen years; and Carroll 
M., aged nine years. Fraternally, he belongs 



to the Royal Arcanum, of which he is chap- 
lain ; to the Modern Woodmen of America ; and 
to the Sons of Veterans. Religiously, he is affil- 
iated with the Methodist Episcopal church. 
He first built a modest home on the corner of 
Fourth and Birch streets, and, later, the house 
where he now resides, at Xo. 447 North Jef- 
ferson street. 

OHX TRISLER, who for many years 
was successfully engaged in agricult- 
ural pursuits, is at the present time 
located in South Ottumwa, where he 
owns a comfortable home and two acres of 
land, which he devotes to fruit raising, — main- 
ly cherries and plums. He was born in 1843 
in Bartholomew count}-, Indiana, and is a son 
of Isaac Trisler. 

Isaac Trisler was born in Ohio about 18 10, 
but learned his trade and was married in Indi- 
ana. He was a blacksmith and carpenter by 
trade; he died in 185 1, just after removing his 
family to Davis county, Iowa, about nine miles 
northeast of Bloomfield. He married Nanc\- 
Williams, who was born in Virginia, and came 
to Indiana with her parents. She died in 
Davis county, Iowa, shortly after the death of 
her husband, leaving seven children: Eman- 
uel F ; Elizabeth : John ; Sarah Ellen ; James 
]M. ; Matilda; and Isaac. Emanuel F. resides 
at Glenwood, Iowa, and is a mechanic; Eliza- 
beth ( Peck) died in 1883, and left one daugh- 
ter who resides in Nebraska ; .John is the sub- 
ject of this sketch; Sarah Ellen (Russell) lives 
in Nebraska ; James M. lives in Calhoun, Ne- 

braska; Matilda (Chapman) lives in Arling- 
ton, X^ebraska; and Isaac is a retired farmer 
and ranchman, of Kansas. 

John Trisler was reared in Davis county, 
Iowa, and received his intellectual training in 
the public schools. He took up the vocation 
of a farmer, and later owned a fine farm south- 
A\est of Drakesville, where he carried on een- 
eral farming and stock raising very success- 
fully. In 1895, he sold his farm. In 1896 he 
removed to Bloomfield and resided there for 
a short time, when he moved to South Ot- 
tumwa. Purchasing two acres of land, he 
built a nice house, and planted fruit trees, prin- 
cipally cherry and plum, of different varieties. 

Mr. Trisler was united in matrimony, in 
1S70, in Davis county, Iowa, with Nancy J. 
Garretson, who was born in Lee county, Iowa, 
in 1843. Her father, William Garretson, was 
born December i, 18 19, in Clark county, Ohio, 
and moved to Lee county, Iowa, in the early 
"forties," and to Davis county, in 1843, where 
he took a claim. This claim he exchanged for 
another farm on which he lived and followed 
the trade of a carpenter, renting his land. He 
sold the farm in 1891 and moved to Drakes- 
ville, and later to Floris, where he died April 
25, 1900. On ^larch 11, 1841, Mv. Garret- 
son was married to Christine X'ewcomb, who 
was born in Miami county, Ohio, September 
2/, 1820. They had 10 children, as follows: 
Alexander ; Xancy J. ; I\Iary E. ; Sarah E, ; 
Frances E. ; Amanda C. ; Thomas J. ; Clarissa 
A. ; John A\'esley ; [Melissa C. John Wesley 
died in 1884. Mr. and Mrs. Trisler have two 
children : Eva J., a teacher in the Nebraska 


ffn? '-WZ-' 



schools; and Angie L., a music teacher, living 
at home. 

Mr. Trisler is a veteran of the Civil War, 
having enlisted upon the first call for volun- 
teers, in 1861, in Company D, loth Reg., Mo. 
Vol. Inf., as Iowa had at that time filled her 
quota. He served throughout the war as a 
private, participated in many important en- 
gagements, and, although wounded at luka, 
still remained in the ranks. He was in the 
battles of Corinth and luka, the campaign of 
Vicksburg, and the engagements at Raymond, 
Jackson and Champion Hills. He was finally 
transferred to the Veterans Reserve Corps on 
account of disability, incurred in the siege of 
Vicksburg. His regiment guarded prisoners 
at Rock Island, Illinois, just before being mus- 
tered out, at Milwaukee, August 22, 1864. He 
joined the G. A. R. shortly after its organiza- 
tion, and is a member of Tuttle Post, No. 497. 
He has served two terms as commander and 
held all other offices. His wife is a prominent 
member of the A\'. R. C. Religiously, they be- 
long to the Christian church. In politics, he 
is a Republican, and has" served as township 
trustee, and' in other offices. 


senator from this district, and for 
many years county superintendent of 
schools, is a resident and business 
man of Ottumwa, Iowa. He was born in 
WapellO' county, April 11, 1849. His fa- 
ther, William Clark Mclntire, was born and 
reared in Clark county, Ohio. In 1843, 


the latter married Eliza A. Myers and im- 
mediately moved to Iowa, locating in Keo- 
kuk township, Wapello count)-. He took 
up a claim of government land, engaged 
actively in its improvement and cultivation, 
and continued in that vocation until his death, 
January 30, 1881. Being one of the pioneers 
of the state, he lived in a log cabin, and en- 
dured all the hardships incident tu a new coun- 
try, but was possessed oi that energ)- which 
conquered adversity and brought him success. 
He always took an active interest in educa- 
tional matters, and bestowed upon his chil- 
dren a good education. The family consisted 
of six children, namely: Caroline C, who 
died at the age of five years ; Joseph, who died 
at thirty years of age ; John, who was sheriff 
of Wapello county, and is deceased-; Frank,, 
a member of the Harper & Mclntire Company,, 
wholesale and retail dealers in hardware ; Har- 
riett F (Davis), deceased; and William A. 
The wid(.)w of William Clark Mclntire died 
July I, 1882. 

William A. Mclntire was reared on his fa- 
thers farm and received his early mental train- 
ing in the primitix'e log school-house. He 
continued to reside upon the nld homestead 
until he reached his majorit)-, having had in 
the meantime the pri\ilege of attending the 
high school at Ottumwa two years. In 1870- 
71, he attended the agricultural college at 
Ames, Iowa, and on finishing the sophomore 
course engaged in teaching school in Taylor 
county. In the fall of 1877, he was elected 
to the office of superintendent of the public 
schools of Wapello county. In 1879, he was 



defeated for that position, but in the fall of 
1881 he was elected again, and reelected in 
1883, 1885 and 1887, serving in that capacity 
ten years. 

In 1888, Mr. Mclntire established himself 
in the hardware business in Ottumwa, under 
the firm name of W A. Mclntire & Company. 
He has followed that line ever since. 

In the fall of 1897, he was chosen by the 
Democratic party to represent his party in the 
state senate for the term expiring January i, 

Mr. Mclntire was married March 26, 1874, 
to Clara M. Goldsberry. She was born in 
Ross county, Ohio, July 15, 1849. Socially, 
]\Ir, Mclntire is a member of the K. of P., 
holding fellowship with the Wapello Lodge, 
Xo. 12; he is also identified with the Modern 
Woodmen of America. 

The subject of this sketch has been con- 
nected with the People's Building & Savings 
Association since 1894, and is now serving as 
president of the organization. He is a mem- 
ber, and now president, of the Io\\a Retail 
Hardware Association. He belongs to the 
Iowa's State Teachers' Asscciatinn and is pres- 
ident of the school directors' section of that as- 
sociation. He has done much to advance the 
cause of education throughout the ciamty, as 
well as the state, and still maintains an interest 
in school affairs. He is now a member of the 
Ottumwa a school board, on which he has 
served since 1895. He is also a member of the 
board of directors of the Ottumwa Public Lib- 
rary .'vssociation. His portrait is shown on a 
preceding page, in proximity to this. 

&r*iSI S. STYRE, junior member of the 
firm of G. E. Styre & Brother, pro- 
prietors of the Excelsior coal mine, 
in Center township, A'^^apello county, 
Iowa, is one of the prominent young business 
men of the county. He was born in Nebraska, 
in 1876, and is a son of G. W. and Celina 
(Sickman) Styre. 

G. W. Styre was born in Pennsylvania, and 
when about eight years old went with his par- 
ents to Ohio, where he was reared to manhood. 
He was engaged in farming and in the dairy 
business. When the Civil War broke out he 
enlisted in the 71st Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf.; he 
served in two regiments. After the war, he 
removed to Michigan, and later to Nebi"aska, 
where he engaged in farming. In 1878 he set- 
tled in Kirkville, W'apello county, Iowa, and 
farmed there until 1888, when he located in 
Center township, on section i, township 71, 
range 14. He is engaged in farming, and is 
one of the best known men in that township. 
He married Celina Sickman, who was born 
in Wayne county, Ohio, and their union re- 
sulted in the birth of six children, namely: 
B. F., who lives at home; G. E., senior mem- 
ber of the firm of G. E. Styre & Brother, who 
lives in South Ottumwa ; S. S., the subject of 
this sketch, who lives at home with his parents; 
Kate (Pickens), of Cedar county, Iowa; D. 
A., who lives at home; and Mabel C. ( Porter), 
who lives in Medina, Ohio. 

S. S. Styre was reared and schooled near 
Ivirkville, in Wapello county. He assisted his 
father in farming and the dairy business, only 
giving this up to become associated with his 



brother in coal mining". The mine was opened 
in 1897, on the G. W. Styre land, and has 
been in operation ever since, giving employ- 
ment to 40 men. The shaft is 52, feet deep, 
and the output is 125 tons daily. The mine 
was opened by G. E. Styre, and S. S. Styre 
became a partner in 1898. Mr. Styre is one of 
the brightest young business men in the town- 
ship, and a bright future awaits him. 

S. S. Styre is a member of the Wapello 
Lodge, No. 62, I. O. O. F. His father and 
brother are both Odd Fellows, tlie elder Mr. 
Styre belonging to Lodge No. 9. G. E. Styre 
is also a member of the W^oodmen of America. 
The family has been identified with the growth 
and development of Wapello county for the 
past twenty-three years, and is highly respect- 
ed in the community. 


OHN MacMILLAN has been in the 
employ of the Phillips Fuel Company, 
as weighing boss, since 1884, having 
charge of all the coal taken from the 
mine, and his work has been highly satis- 
factory to his employers. He was born in 
Ohio, in 1852, and is a son uf H. S. M:;c- 

H. S. MacMillan was born in Scotland 
and at an early day immigrated to Canada., 
where he remained but a short time, and then 
came to this country, locating at Keokuk, Iowa. 
He followed railroading most of his life, his 
last position being that of road master on the 
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. He 

died at Kahoka, Missouri, at the age of sixty- 
seven years, having lived in Iowa for half a 
century. His wife died at the age of seventy- 
eight years. They had four sons and one 
daughter. Alexander, the third son, is super- 
intendent of bridges on the Texas & Pacific 
Railway, and is located at Marshall, Texas. 
Sarah, the only daughter, married James M. 
Welch, a merchant of Keokuk, H'ho has served 
as mayor of that city. 

John MacMillan was two years of age 
when his parents moved to Keokuk, Iowa, and 
there he grew to maturity, receiviiig a liberal 
education in private schools. At the early 
age of eighteen years he began railroad work, 
serving first as operator, then as switchman one 
vear, after which he became a brakeman. He 
held this position until he was set up as con- 
ductor, and served in that capacit)' until he ac- 
cepted a position as weighing boss for the 
Phillips Fuel Company. He has held that po- 
sition since 1884, and has discharged his du- 
ties in an eminently satisfactory manner, never 
in all these j^ears hax'ing received a complaint 
as ti) the correctness of weight. He is a man 
of good business ability, faithful to the in- 
terests of the company, and stands high in the 
esteem of his emplo}'ers. 

In 1872 ^Ir. Mac?vlillan was united in mar- 
riage with Maggie AA'hite, who is of Scotch- 
Irish parentage. Her father was born in Bel- 
fast, Ireland, and came to this country. He 
enlisted in the L^nited States aimy and served 
with credit during the Ivlexican War, being- 
promoted to a captaincy for bravery on the 
battle field. Mr. MacMillan and his wife have 



three children, as follows: William W., who 
was born June 2, 1873, and is a conductor on 
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad; 
Louise, who was born February 17, 1875, mar- 
ried Mr. Bromley and has one child Marguerite 
L. ; and Sarah, born July 8, 1877, who is still 
single, and for seven years has been head packer 
for the largest cigar manufacturing establish- 
ment of the city. ]\Ir. MacMillan is a strong 
Republican in politics. He and his wife are 
members of the Maccabees and Foresters, both 
being officeholders. Mrs. MacMillan is chap- 
lain and district deputy for the Maccabees. In 
religious belief, both are Baptists. 


EVI PUMROY. Among the many 
well knoAvri farmers living in Center 
township, A\'apello county, Iowa, is 
the gentleman whose name opens 
these lines. He resides in' section 33, township 
72, range 14, where he has successfully farmed 
for a number of years. He was born in \A'a- 
pello county, Iowa, and is a son of Grimes and 
Ellen (Thrush) Pumroy. 

Grimes Pumroy, the father of Levi, was 
a native of Ohio, and came to Iowa in 1851. 
He bought the farm in Center township now 
owned by our subject, and for many years con- 
ducted a sawmill on Soap creek. In i860 he 
sold out his interest in the sawmill and moved 
on his farm, where he remained until his re- 
moval to Ottumwa, in 1890, where he died in 
July, 1898. In 1861 he enlisted in Company 
D, 15th Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf., and was with 
this regiment during its famous service at 

Shiloh. He afterward joined in the pursuit of 
General Hood, and was in many battles and 
marches in Tennessee. He was promoted for 
bravery, and when he returned home from the 
war, it was as a corporal of his company. He 
then raised a company and was made its cap- 
tain. He married Ellen Thrush, and to them 
were born nine children, Levi, the subject of 
this sketch, being the oldest son now living. 

Levi Pumroy was reared and schooled in 
Wapello county, and his early life was spent on 
the farm on which he now lives. He became 
the possessor of the place in 1889, and many 
are the improvements he has made. He has 
built a new hotise, and has just finished a model 
barn, ^2 by 48 feet, in dimensions, for his 
stock and grain, and has also erected several 
outbuildings. He has made many other im- 
provements, .until the farm is now considered 
one of the finest in Wapello county. Mr. Pum- 
roy is a man of much thrift and energy, and 
his early life on the farm has helped him in 
the management of the property which was 
once the pride of his father. 

Mr. Pumroy married Sarah E. Simmons, 
January 2j, 1886. She was born September 
14, 1865, and is a daughter of A^athan and 
Rachel Simmons. Nathan Simmons was of 
Scotch-Irish descent, his father, Edward Sim- 
mons, ha\'ing settled in Virginia and Kentucky 
in the early days of this country. ;\Ir. and 
Mrs. Pumroy have been blessed by the birth of 
nine children, whose names are as follows : 
Ralph Edward, born December 22, 1886; 
Harry Mortin, born March 8, 1888; Elmer 
Marton, born October 8, 1889; Lora Flor- 













ence, born February 2, 1891; Levi Ernest, 
born June 18, 1892; Arthur Grimes, born 
March 18, 1894; Sarah Irene, born December 
20, 1895; Thomas, born January 17, 1898; 
and Leshe, born March 13, 1899. Mr. Pum- 
roy has ahvays been a Repubhcan, in poHtics. 
He and his wife attend the Christian church in 
South Ottumwa. 

AMES T. HACKWORTH, one of the 
most progressive spirits in the busi- 
ness world of Ottumwa, is president 
of tlie Johnston Ruffler Company, and 
one of the proprietors of the Ottumwa Iron 
Works. He has been engaged in his present 
husiness since 1871, and in the meantime has 
identified himself \\ith many of the leading- 
business enterprise of the city. He was born 
in Adams county, Ohio, in January, 1839, and 
is a son of George D. Hackworth. 

George D. Hackworth was born in Vir- 
ginia in 1810, and came west to Center town- 
ship, Wapello county, Iowa, in .Vugust, 1845, 
residing on section 35 until 1857, when he 
moved with his family to Ottumwa. He served 
several years as county surveyor, and two 
years as county auditor. In 1873, he moved 
to Kansas, where he died in Cowley county, 
in March, 1878, leaving a family of four chil- 

James T. Hack\\()rth came with his par- 
ents to Ottumwa in 1845, ''■"d attended the 
Iowa Wesleyan University at Mt. Pleasant, 
from which he was graduated in i860. He then 

entered upon the study of law with Prof. Henry 
Ambler, of that institution, and was admitted 
to the bar in 1861. He was made count)- sur- 
ve}'ur of Wapello county, served as such for 
one 3'ear, and then entered upon the practice 
of his profession in 1863. In the latter j-ear, 
he was appointed assistant assessor of internal 
revenue of AA'apello count)-, which office he 
held for three or four years. In 1871, he en- 
gaged in his present business, becoming iden- 
tified with the Johnston Ruffler Company. He 
also became a member of the firm of Porter 
Brothers & Hackworth, wholesale leather deal- 
ers, and at the present time is the sole owner of 
that concern. 

The Johnston Ruffler Company was estab- 
lished in 1871, having been promoted by J. T. 
Hackworth, Allen Johnston, Capt. J. G. 
Plutchison, and A. G. Harrow. Capt. J. G. 
Hutchison withdrew from the company about 
1877, ^"d W' T. Major became a partner. 
The Ottumwa Iron AAVjrks is an outgrowth 
of the Johnston Ruffler Companv, and was or- 
ganized in 1880, having been promoted l^v the 
same parties mentioned above, except \A' T. 
Major, deceased, whose estate is managed by 
his son. The Johnston Ruffler Company manu- 
factured sewing machine attachments until 
1898, when the patents were sold to Eastern 
corporations and the article ceased to be manu- 
factured in Ottumwa. The Ottumwa Iron 
AA'orks manufacture steam engines and min- 
ing machinery, and for a time made the fa- 
mous automatic screw machines. Thev now 
manufacture cutlery machinery, which prom- 
ises to revolutionize the cutlery business, as it 



is used by the largest concerns of the kind in the 
world, among them the cutlery manufacturing- 
plants of Sheffield, England, and Norwich, 
Connecticut. Mr. Hackworth is one of the pro- 
moters of the Ottumwa National Bank, of 
which he is now vice-president, helped in the 
organization of the Ottumwa Savings Bank, 
of which he is a director, as he also is of the 
AVapello County Savings Bank. He is a pub- 
lic spirited man and is deeph' interested in all 
that promotes the prosperity and welfare of 
the city and county. Fie was one of the 20 
men who secured the Dain ^Manufacturing 
Company for Ottumwa, and is one of its di- 
rectors. He is president of the Public Library 
Association, and also a trustee. Air. Hack- 
worth was joined in matrimony, in 1866, with 
Sue C. Kissinger, of Mount Pleasant, Iowa. 
Mr. Hackworth and wife are members of the 
First Methodist Episcopal Church, of Ottum- 
wa. A portrait of Mr. Hackworth and a view 
of his residence are shown on preceding pages 
accompanying this sketch. 

B. OSTDIEK, a prosperous farmer 
located on section 20, township 72, 
range 13, Center township, Wapello 
C(.)unty, Iowa, is also engaged in the 
manufacture of brick on his farm, and is secur- 
ing good results. He was born in Lee countv, 
Iowa, ]\Iarch 15, 1855, and is a son of Ferch- 
nand B. Ostdiek. 

Ferdinand B. Ostdiek was born in Prussia 
and came to this country in 1846, locating in 

Lee countv, Iowa, immediately thereafter. He 
was a school teacher for a period of fourteen. 
}'ears, and was then engaged in agricultural 
pursuits until he died, at the age of fifty-seven 
years. His wife died in 1885, aged seventy 

FI. B. Ostdiek received a good educational 
training. He first attended a parochial school, 
and later the public schools. He was then 
placed in the Commercial College of Ottumvva, 
received a good business training and gradu- 
ated from the institution. He purchased his 
present farm of 40 acres in the spring of 1892, 
and has since devoted much time and labor to 
its improvement, building a barn fS by 50 feet, 
in dimensions, and a number of other buildins-s 
necessary for successful farming. He has a 
good orchard and a nice berry patch. He is 
also engaged in manufacturing brick on his 
farm, having bought the engine used in the 
Ottumwa Coal Palace during its existence. He 
makes upwards of a million bricks per year, 
and has had a very large sale. He is an excel- 
lent business manager, and has made friends of 
all with whom he has come in contact, both in 
business and private life. 

Mr. Ostdiek was united in marriage, in. 
1881, with Ellen Mary Berks, who was born 
in AVapello county. Her father was born in 
1825, and is still living. Her mother died at 
the age of forty-four }-ears. Six children have 
blessed this union : Mary Katherine, who was 
born December 2-^. 1881 ; Rose Pauline, born 
March 28, 1883; Gerhard Paul, born Septem- 
ber 29, 1885; Ferdinand Theodore, born No- 
vember 3, 1887; John Laurence, born January 



27, 1891 ; and Herman Joseph, born November 
9, 1893. Pobtically, Mr. Ostdiek is a strong 
supporter of Democratic principles. In re- 
ligious belief he is a Catholic. 

LVIN C. LEIGHTOX was bom in 
Scott county. Illinois, in 1839, and 
is a son of Joseph and Marv L. 
(Coe) Leighton. 
Joseph Leighton was born at East Har- 
mony, Maine, and learned the trade of a car- 
penter, which he followed many years of his 
life. He moved to Scott county, Illinois, in 
1836, thence to Des Moines county, Iowa, in 
1 84 1. There he resided until Wapello county 
was opened for settlement, in 1843, when he 
took a claim and followed farming until 1846. 
He assisted in building Meeks' mill at Bona- 
parte, Iowa, in 1844-45. He then located in 
Ottumwa. In the fall of 1847, when Ottum- 
wa contained but 18 houses, he was elected 
treasurer of \Vapello county, which oflice then 
combined the duties of treasurer and recorder, 
and served in that capacity until 1851, holding 
the office for two terms of two years each. In 
1 85 1 Ottumwa received its charter as a city 
and Mr. Leighton was elected its first city as- 
sessor, and in 1852 was elected treasurer. In 
1854 and 1855 he was a member of the board 
of city trustees, and was again elected city as- 
sessor in 1856. In 185 1 he engaged in the 
general merchandise business with Dr. C. C. 
Warden, establishing general stores at Ottum- 
wa and Blakesburg. The partnership was dis- 

solved in 1853, Dr. AWirden retaining the Ot- 
tumwa store and Mr. Leighton the one at 
Blakesburg. Later Mr. Leighton sold his in- 
terests and then engaged in the real estate busi- 
ness, also serving as justice of the peace until 
a short time before his death, in 1858. He 
was an old-line Democrat, but in 1S54 left the 
party ranks because of the Ivansas-Xebraska 
bill and became a Republican. In 1838 he was 
joined in marriage with Mar)- L. Coe, who was 
born in 1821 in Greene count v, Illinois, and 
now resides at Ottumwa. They reared three 
sons and three daughters, as f(jllows : Alvin 
C, subject of this sketch; Ann Elizabeth, who 
died in Wapello county at the age of four 
years; James, born in 1844 in AA'apello coun- 
ty, was a partner of our subject for many 
years and died in 1882; Joseph, born in 1848, 
at Ottumwa, died in 1888, leaving a widow and 
two sons, Joseph, Jr., and .-Vh'in C, — he was 
president of the First National Bank of Miles 
City, [Montana, and also a wholesale merchant 
of that city; JiLary Emily, who died in 1889, 
was the wife of Walter B. Jordan, a memljer 
of the firm of Leighton & Jordan, wholesalers 
and bankers at IMiles City, Montana, — thev had 
the following children : Stella Emily, who 
died at the age of one year; William Alvin and 
A\'alter B., Jr., who are now in their father's 
bank and store at ?\liles Cit}- ; James Leighton, 
who died from appendicitis at Ottumwa, and 
Marcus, who resides in Ottumwa with his 
grandmother, Mrs. Maria Jordan; Abbie, the 
sixth child born to Mr. and Mrs. Leighton, 
married a Mr. Jordan and n( )w resides with her 
mother, having two children, — Mary Inez, who 



married Frank Thompson, of St. Paul, Minne- 
sota, by whom slie has a daughter, Dorothy, 
aged five years, and Abbie, wlio married Law- 
rence Garner, son of J. W. Garner, wlaolesale 
dry-goods merchant of this cit}', October 8, 

Alvin C. Leighton came to Wapello coun- 
ty with his parents May i, 1843, ^'1'^' i" i^S^ 
went west of the l^Iissouri River, li\ing on the 
plains until 1878, since which time he has re- 
sided in Ottumwa. He bought a part and built 
a part of the Leighton Block on ]\Iarket street, 
spending a large sum of money in completing 
and arranging it. He has built several build- 
ings in the cit_\' and conducts a real estate busi- 
ness, his attention being entirely occupied by 
his individual interests. He has been identified 
with all public enterprises and improvements 
of the city, such as the opera house and Coal 
Palace, and also aided in securing the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway. 

Li 1874 Mr. Leighton married Mar_\- T. 
Benson, who, was born in Baltimore in 1831 
and is a daughter of Benjamin S. Benson. The 
latter was a foundryman and inventor of Balti- 
more, where he died some years ago. He was 
a natural mechanic and as a boy invented a 
water ram. Lie manufactured all of the piano 
plates used by the celebrated Knabe Piano 
Companv : his principal business, however, \\as 
making water pipe. His grandson, Benjamin 
S., has offices in the Leighton Block. He A\as 
a Quaker in religious belief. Politically Mr. 
Leighton is a Democrat. Pie lives at the north- 
east corner of Fourth and AVapello streets, Ot- 

EO E. STEVENS, cashier of the Ot- 
tumwa National Bank, of Ottumwa, 
Iowa, is a descendant of one of the 
old pioneer families of Wapello coun- 
tv. He was born in Wapello county, June 11, 
1872, and is a son of William H. Stevens, and 
grandson of Abraham Stevens. 

Abraham Stevens was a native of Ohio, and 
was born in 18 15. He was a farmer, but was 
known by all as "Doctor" Stevens. He was an 
early settler of McDonough county, Illinois. 
In 1846 he removed to Hairy county, Iowa, 
and two years later to Wapello county, where 
he is still living. He married Katherine Miller, 
who was born in 181 5, and died in 1896. 

William Stexens, father of the subject of 
this sketch, was born in Illinois, in 1844. He 
was reared and educated in AA^apello county, 
and followed farming until 1874, vidien he 
moved to the city of Ottumwa, and engaged in 
the grocery business, which he followed until 
recent }'ears. He is now li\'ing in retirement. 
He has two sons : Leo E., and Fred C, who 
is engaged in the grocery business in Ottumwa. 

Leo E. Stevens was educated in the Ottum- 
wa public and high schools. In 1887 he ac- 
cepted a position with the First National Bank 
as collector. He remained with that bank until 
1893, and was promoted through different 
clerical grades up to the position of teller. He 
resigned that position in 1893 to accept the po- 
sition of assistant cashier in the Ottumwa Na- 
tional Bank. In Jul)-, 1898, he was elected 
cashier of the bank, and has since served in 
that capacity. His steady progress has demon- 
strated his ability as a man of good business 




-capacity, and a bright future is predicted for 

October 16, 1895, Mr. Stevens was married 
to Grace E. Miller, a daughter of John W. 
Miller, of Ottumwa. They had one child, — 
Donald, — who died aged three years and six 
months. Mr. Stevens is a member of several 
fraternal organizations, viz. : B. P. O. E., K. 
of ,P., Fraternal Pilgrims, Wapello Club, Ot- 
tumwa Country Club, Virginia Historical So- 
ciety, and Sons of the American Revolution. 
He is a Democrat in politics and served as city 
treasurer for two terms. He is a public-spirited 
man, and his assistance is always sought in all 
enterprises which are for the benefit of the 
people who reside in the thriving city of Ot- 

ON. J. C. MITCHELL, ex-judge of 
the Second Judicial District of Iowa, 
whose portrait is shown on the op- 
posite page, has been engaged in the 
practice of law in Ottumwa, Wapello county 
since 1893, and is at the present time associated 
with Attorney F. M. Hunter. He is possessed 
of great natural ability, and has thoroughly 
mastered his profession. He enjoys a large 
and lucrative practice and has been identified 
with many of the most prominent cases tried 
in his district. He was born in Monroe coun- 
ty, Indiana, in 1849, and is a son of James 

James Mitchell removed from Indiana with 
his family to Chariton, Iowa, and in 1856 lo- 
cated at Osceola, Iowa. In the fall of 1861, 

he enlisted for ser\-ice in the Federal army dur- 
ing the Civil War, and died while in the ser- 
vice. Flis widow still resides at Osceola. 

J. C. Mitchell went to Mount Pleasant, 
Iowa, in 1866, and entered college, remaining 
in that city for a period of five years. He 
then entered the law office of .-Vmbler & Babb, 
in which he studied for one year. He was 
graduated from college in June, 1871, and in 
the spring of 1872 was admitted to the bar. He 
embarked in practice at Chariton, Iowa, and 
continued there for twenty years and some 
months, a portion of the time serving as judge 
of the Second Judicial District of Iowa. In 
1893, he removed to Ottumwa, Iowa, and was 
engaged in the practice of law alone, with great 
success, until 1895, when he formed a part- 
nership with F. M. Hunter, which has con- 
tinued to the present time. He has followed 
a general practice, and has been connected with 
many prominent and important cases, both in 
Chariton and Ottumwa. Among them is the 
case of the Bonaparte Dam, which attracted 
wide local attention, also the Kelly murder case 
at Chariton, and the Dougherty murder case at 
Albia, besides a number of other murder cases. 
He also maintains an office at Keosauqua, 
Iowa, as a member of the firm of iXIitchell & 

^Ir. {Mitchell was united in marriage with 
Alice C. Wilson, who was born and reared in 
Mount Pleasant, Iowa, and is a cousin of ex- 
Governor Boies, of Iowa. They became par- 
ents of three children : Mrs. Lynn AA'illiams, 
of Ottumwa, whose husband is a machinist in 
the employ of the Fair, Williams Bridge & 



Manufacturing Company, and a son of J. H. 
Williams, who is a member of the firm men- 
tioned ; Mark, who is in the employ of the 
Fuel Company of Ottumwa; and Paul, who is 
now in Colorado. Mr. Mitchell purchased a 
fine residence property on North Green street 
near Fifth street. He has a large library at 
home, as well as an exceedingly fine law li- 
brary. Politically, he was a Democrat until 
1898, when he changed to the Republican 
party. Except his term as judge, he has ne\-er 
sought nor accepted political preferment. 
Fraternally, he has been a member of the Li- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows since he was 
of age, and is a Masim, Knight Templar, and 
a member of the Modern Woodmen of Amer- 
ica, — belonging to the lodges located at Chari- 
ton. Mrs. Mitchell is a member of the P. E. 
O. Sisterhood, being one of the first interested 
in the order at Mount Pleasant, and has ser\'ed 
as president of both the Chariton and Ottumwa 
chapters. Religioush-, she is a member of the 
Episcopal church, which the family also at- 

LFRED W. LEE, one of the most 
prominent journalists of this section 
of Iowa, is editor and proprietor of 
the Otitiinca Courier, one of the 
state's enterprising and progresive daily and 
semi-weekly newspapers. He is also serving 
as postmaster of Ottumwa in a most satis- 
factory manner. He was born in Johnson 
county, Iowa, July 8, 1858, and is a son of 
John B. and Ehira (Branson) Lee. 

John B. Lee was an early resident of Cedar 
and Johnson counties in Iowa, where he entered 
government land. He came from Harford 
county, Maryland, and is descended from 
the distinguished Lee family of Virginia and 
Maryland. He was a merchant in the East, 
but followed farming upon coming to Iowa. 
His physical disability barring him from 
enlisting in the army during the Civil \\"ar, he 
went into the government transport service, 
and contributed what he could to the Union 
cause. After the war he was elected recorder 
of Johnson county, being a Republican in pol- 
itics. He was engaged in mercantile pursuits 
in Iowa City until he moved to Muscatine, 
where he now resides with his wife, each be- 
ing eighty-one years of age. They reared three 
sons and two daughters, as follows: Mrs. 
Anna L. Mahin, whose husband, John Mahin, 
has been editor and publisher of the. Aliiscatine' 
Journal for over fifty years; Joseph J. . and 
Isaac B., of Iowa City; Mrs. Milly L. Loomis, 
of Bevier, Missouri; and A. W. No death has 
ever occurred to mar the happiness of the fam- 
ily of John B. Lee. 

A. W. Lee attended the public schools of 
Iowa City, and at the age of thirteen years en- 
tered the State University of Iowa, being the 
youngest regular student ever admitted to that 
institution. He took a two-years' preparatory 
course and remained until the end of his sopho- 
more year. He then began newspaper work at 
$6 per week, with his brother-in-law, on the 
Muscatine Journal. In 1885 he became a part- 
ner in the Journal and continued with that 
publication until 1889, when he went to Hutch- 



inson, Kansas, as business manager of the 
Htttchinson Nczi's. He remained there but a 
short time, and then went to Cliicago and was 
engaged in the advertising department of the 
Chicago Times until April, 1890. He next 
came to Ottumwa and purchased the Ottmniva 
Courier, which was established by Richard H. 
\\''arden, in 1848. He has built up a splendid 
circulation for both the dail}' and semi-weekly 
editions, as comparative statements of }-early 
business will show. In 1890 the circulation 
was: daily, 575; weekly, 1,500. The sworn 
statement of the circulation for the first six 
months of 1901 was: daily, 3,709; semi-week- 
ly, 6,598. He has three linotype machines and 
a perfecting press, printing from stereotyped 
plates, and employs about 30 workmen, in ad- 
dition to the carrier boys. He is a member of 
the Associated Press, and is president of the 
Lee Syndicate of Iowa Evening Papers, an or- 
ganization of three of the best dailies in the 
state, including the Daz'cnport Times, Ottimi- 
z^.'a Courier and Muscatine Jofirnal. The 
Courier is recognized as one of the most suc- 
cessful county newspaper in the United States. 
Mr. Lee is always connected in a general way 
with all improvements in the city of his home, 
and contributes, both personally and through 
the influence of his paper, to the furtherance 
of all worthy projects. He was a powerful fac- 
tor in making the Sixth Congressional District 
of Iowa safely Republican. 

June 4, 1885, Mr. Lee was united in mar- 
riage with Mary Walker, daughter of W \Y. 
Walker, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and three chil- 
dren were born to them, viz. : AVilliam \A^alker, 

who died in Chicago, in 1890, aged two years 
and eight months : Alfred William, who died in 
Ottumwa July 29, 1900, aged nine years, one 
month and sixteen days ; and Laura Anna, 
born November 12, 1896. 

A. R-OEMER, a prosperous farmer 
of Center township, A\'apello county, 
Iowa, is located on section 29, town- 
ship /2, range 13. He was born in 
Center township, and was one of the first white 
children born in Wapello county. 

C. F. A. Roemer, father of G. .\., was born 
in Saxony, German}-, in 1813, and came to 
this country in 1845, locating in Ottumwa, 
Iowa, on July 6. He purchased land near the 
fair grounds, but did not begin farming rmtil 
1848; he thenceforth continued it until his 
death, which occurred in 1894, at a ripe old 
age. He entered the land now owned by his 
son on Xt)\'ember 6, 1848, and held it until 
1875, when the latter acquired it. 

G. A. Roemer attended the public schools 
during his early life and received a fair edu- 
cation. He has followed farming all his life, 
and with much success. He has never been 
married, but has a very comfortable home, 
where his friends always find a welcome. Lie 
has made berries and small fruits his principal 
crop, producing a large quantity each year. 
For some years he played in one of Ottumwa's 
brass bands, in which he found a great deal of 
pleasure, but the band was disorganized when 
the leader left. He has been identified with 



politics more or less, and is a Republican. He 
came close to the nomination for sheriff on 
two occasions, and had he succeeded would 
undoubtedly have made a good record as an 

tired business man of Ottumwa and 
former proprietor of the Ottiimz^'a 
Courier, was born January 19, 1827, 
in Cleveland, Ohio, in the part of the cit)- then 
called Newbm^g. He lived there until June, 
1854, when he removed to the \\-est, in search of 
broader fields of operation, and located in Ot- 
tumwa in September of that year. He had 
been admitted to the bar of Ohio in the spring 
of 1854, but concluded that the newer regions 
offered more inducements for the practice of his 

He .opened an office in Ottumwa and con- 
tinued his professional labors until August, 
1862, being associated for about eight ^-ears 
with Hon. Morris J. AA'illiams. Mr. Hamil- 
ton gave up a large practice when he entered 
the 36th Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf., and ^vas ap- 
pointed adjutant of the regiment. One vear 
afterward he was promoted to the grade of 
major, and in 1865 was commissioned lieuten- 
ant-colonel. He was not mustered in as such, 
however, on account of the regiment not hav- 
ing men enough to justif^- it. Mr. Hamilton 
"was mustered out August 24, 1865, and the 
regiment was disbanded September 7, of that 
year, at Davenport. In October, 1865, the 
Major returned to Ottumwa and resumed his 

legal practice. During his army life he was 
in nearly all the engagements participated in 
by the old "36th.'" He was captured at the 
battle of Mark's Mills, Arkansas, April 25, 
1864, and was taken to prison at Camp Ford, 
near Tyler, Texas, and retained there until . 
July 23rd, when, in company with Capt. Allen 
W Miller, of Company C, and Capt. John 
Lambert, of Company K, of his regiment, he 
escaped. They traveled a distance of 700 miles 
on foot, without arms and poorly clad, and 
arrived at Pine Blufif, Arkansas, on the 24th of 
August. During this journey the men suffered 
terrible privations, subsisting for eighteen 
days on raw green corn. They were com- 
pelled to make moccasins of their boot-tops, 
and resort to all possible expedients to escape 
detection. For many weary days they slept in 
the forest, or under such shelter as they could 
find, but not a single day was passed indoors. 
They traveled nearly always by night, and their 
experience sounds like the ante-war stories of 
escaping sla\'es. For weeks at a time their 
ragged clothing was wet through. In fact, 
their escape was a marvelous one, considering 
the dangers to which they were subjected. The 
Major's brave comrades died from the effects 
of their exposure. Captain Miller reached his 
home in Iowa, but died in September, 1864, 
from slow fever, and did not recognize his par- 
I ents until a few hours before death. Captain 
Lambert returned to his regiment, but was not 
fit for duty, and died January 6, 1865. Major 
Hamilton rejoined his regiment and was in 
command a good deal of the time. In 1869, 
after several years of home life, the Major be- 





came associated with General Hedrick in tlie 
publication of the Courier and January i, 
1878, became its sole proprietor. He was the 
second mayor of Ottumwa, was several times 
chosen councilman, was elected to the State 
senate in 1866, to fill a vacancy, and again in 
1868, and was appointed postmaster in 1870, 
a position he held several years. 

In the battle of Mark's Mills, Major Ham- 
ilton distinguished himself for gallantry; it 
was a disastrous battle for the Union troops, 
but the 36th Iowa Regiment, under Major 
Hamilton's command, retrieved the situation, 
in teaching the Confederates a lesson of loyalty 
and valor. ]\Iajor Hamilton has been no less 
eminent in peace than in war ; there is no man 
in Ottumwa' who has done more for the city 
than has he. He has always been at the front 
in promoting great interests, and ne^'er has he 
been backward in charities. ?\Iajor Hamilton 
has made an impress upon Ottumwa that will 
never be eradicated ; he is one of the strong 
characters who go to make up the civilization 
of a great State. 

Alajiir Hamilton married Elma C. Coffin, 
a native of Springfield, Ohio, August 19, 1856. 
Six children have resulted from this union. 
The sur\-iving ones are : Mary E. and Emma 
S. Major Hamilton has been prominently 
identified with the public interests of Ottum- 
wa. He was a member of the board of edu- 
cation for a number of years, and was a prin- 
cipal agent for the St. Louis & Cedar Rapids 
Railroad Company in raising subscriptions for 
that line, by which means the St. Louis, Kan- 
sas City & Northern road was secured. About 

$50,000 of the total subscription for that con- 
cern was raised through his efforts. He was 
also active in the scheme to induce the Chicago 
& Southwestern road to come to Ottumwa, 
which was not successful. , In the securing of 
water power and water works for Ottumwa, 
and in other great undertakings the Major was 
foremost among the workers, and his name has 
ever been associated with the material pros- 
perity of the city. 

APT. S. B. EVANS, editor and pub- 
lisher of the Independent, at Ot- 
tumwa, and editor and compiler of ■ 
the historical feature of "this volume, 
whose portrait accompanies this sketch, is a 
nati\'e of Jefferson county, Tennessee, his birth 
occurring July 31, 1837. 

The ancestors of Captain Evans are num- 
bered among the early settlers of Eastern Ten- 
nessee. His father, Samuel Anderson Evans, 
was a soldier in the Seminole \A^ar, and a law- 
yer b}' profession. His death occurred in Keo- 
kuk county, Iowa, in 1881, at the age of al- 
most three score years and ten. The Captain's 
grandfather, Samuel E\'ans, served in the A\'ar 
of 181 2, and his great-grandfather, Andrew 
Evans, was a soldier in the Revolutionar\- War, 
and participated m the battle of King's Moun- 
tain. Sarah (Mitchell) Evans, mother of 
Captain Evans, was a daughter of Berr\- Alitch- 
ell, a soldier in the War of 1812. She died 
in Keokuk county, Iowa, in 1865. Samuel 
Anderson and Sarah (Mitchell) Evans were 



the parents of four children, namely : S. B. ; 
Gideon, a printer residing at Richland, Iowa; 
Margaret, who also lives at Richland; and 
Nancy, wife of J. D. Hayworth, who resides 
at Milo. 

S. B. Evans came with his parents to Iowa 
when but five years old, and lived with them in 
Davis county until 1849, when the family 
moved to Keokuk county. At the age of six- 
teen years, he entered a printing office and 
served an apprenticeship to the printer's trade. 
He afterward worked as a journeyman, and 
accumulated a small sum of money. Near the 
age of manhood, he found himself with a good 
trade, a small capital, and but a partial educa- 
tion; realizing that education was more de- 
sirable than capital, he entered a branch of the 
University of Iowa at Fairfield, in 1855. In 
1858, in company with John R. Farra as part- 
ner, he founded the Democrat at Sigourney. 
Mr. Farra soon sold his interest to J. B. Sholl- 
enbarger. The paper was edited by Mr. Evans 
assisted by Judge J. M. Casey, and in i860 it 
supported Stephen A. Douglas for the presi- 
dency. When the Civil AA'ar broke out, Mr. 
Shollenbarger enlisted in the cause of the 
Union. In the fall of 1861, Mr. Evans sus- 
pended publication of the Democrat, moved to 
Ottumwa, and with Judge E. L. Burton as 
partner established the Mercury. But Mr. 
Evans, like his forefathers, could not be con- 
tent at home when the country needed his ser- 
vices in the field. Leaving his paper in charge 
of Judge Burton and Judge H. B. Hender- 
shott, he enlisted, in August, 1862, and was 
mustered into service with Company B, 33d 

Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf. He was appointed com- 
missary sergeant of the regiment and held that 
rank until 1864, when he assisted in organizing 
the 4th Regiment of Arkansas Cavalry, a regi- 
ment of loyal whites, and was promoted to be 
first lieutenant, with which rank he was mus- 
tered out in June, 1865. He participated in 
the Yazoo Pass expedition, the battle of Helena, 
and the Little Rock and Camden expeditions, 
including the battle at Jenkin's Ferry, besides 
numerous skirmishes, and was never wounded 
or taken prisoner. On returning from the 
army, he resumed the editorial chair of the 
Mercury, and attended to its duties until 1868, 
when he sold it to Samuel Burton. He next 
founded, in connection with others, the Ot- 
tumz^'G Democrat, which he conducted until 
1881, when he sold it. Soon after this, he took 
charge of the archaeological expedition into 
Mexic(.), in the interest of the Chicago Times. 
His researches took him into several states of 
Mexico, and he succeeded in making some dis- 
co\-eries acknowledged by the Mexican Govern- 
ment to be of great importance. One of these 
was the Tezcuco Calendar Stone, found in a 
pyramid at the ancient city of Tezcuco. The 
original stone is now in the Government Mus- 
eum of Mexico, and fac-similes are in the 
Smithsonian Institute at Washington, and in 
the Fairfield Library. He was several months 
in Old Mexico, and during his stay there, 
through the influence of Gen. U. S. Grant and 
the American minister, Judge Morgan, the 
Mexican Government permitted him to exca- 
vate at any place and gave him a guard of 
troops when he desired. His guides were In- 



dians, and he lived with them during his so- 
journ. After leaving Old Mexico, he con- 
tinued his i^esearches in New Mexico for a time, 
and there acquired mining interests to which he 
gave his personal attention until 1884, and 
which he still owns. Returning to Ottumwa 
in August, 1884, he again became editor of the 
Democrat, and in February, 1886, again be- 
came its proprietor. 

Politically, Mr. Evans has at all times ad- 
hered to the Democratic party. In 1872, he 
was a delegate to the national convention held 
at Baltimore, and voted for Horace Greeley. 
In 1876, he was an alternate delegate to the 
national convention held at St. Louis, and sup- 
ported Samuel J. Tilden. In 1880, he was a 
delegate to the national convention at Cincin- 
nati and was made one of the vice-presidents of 
that body. After the declination of Samuel J. 
Tilden, he supported Thomas F. Bayard for 
the presidency. Mr. Evans was appointed and 
commissioned postmaster of Ottumwa by 
President Johnston in 1866, but during the 
controversy between the president and the sen- 
ate, his nomination, with many others, was 
withdrawn. During the year 1866, he served 
several mondis as deputy collector of internal 
revenue, tie was appointed postmaster of Ot- 
tumwa by President Cleveland on July 14, 
1885, and his appointment was confirmed by 
the senate in March, 1886, without opposition. 
He served a term of four years. He was ap- 
|)ointed in October, 1893, by President Cleve- 
land, consul of the United States to Managua, 
the capital of Nicaragua, Central America. 
The appointment v^ras confirmed by the Un,ited 

States senate, but Mr. Evans declined the office. 
In 1874, when the Iowa legislature established 
the fish commission, he was chosen president 
of that body, as it was largely through his in- 
fluence that the commission was created, which 
greatly benefited the people of the common- 
wealth. He may well be proud of his labors 
while acting in that capacity, and of the results 
achieved. He was appointee I by Governor 
Boies, served from 1891 to 1897 as such com- 
missioner, and for three years of that period he 
was president of the board of commissioners of 
the Iowa Soldiers' Home at Marshalltown. He 
was chairman of the committed that built the 
hospital for that institution. In 1896, he was 
a delegate at large to the Democratic national 
convention at Chicago, and was chairman of 
the Iowa delegation. During 1891, he was 
engaged in editing and publishing the Sitii and 
other newspapers, and has continued in such 
work. He founded the Sun, Democrat and 
Independent, and is at present publishing the 
last named paper. Mr. Evans was a member 
of the International Congress of .Vmericanists 
at Berlin- and Paris, and contributed a paper 
which was read and published at each congress. 
The object of this congress is to investigate the 
anticjuities and early history of America. 

In 1 90 1, Mr. Evans was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Shaw, as a member of the Louisiana 
Purchase Commission, in connection with the 
exposition at St. Louis, and he became a mem- 
ber of the committee of seven on scope and plan 
of the work in Iowa. 

December 19, 1866, Mr. Evans was united 
in marriage with Sarah E. Potter, who was 



born in Carroll county, Ohio, in November, 
1 845,' the youngest child of John and Nancy 
Potter. Five children were born of this union : 
Margaret, deceased, who was the wife of F. L. 
Briggs; Sarah Edith; Lucy; Samuel MacDon- 
ald, deceased; and Bertha. As a citizen, Cap- 
tain Evans has always been ready to assist 
worthy public enterprises, particularly those 
intended to benefit wide-awake Ottumwa. 

ARIS CALDWELL, deceased, was 
born in Ohio county, Virginia, March 
13, 1 818. He was the son of John 
and Sarah (Mulligan) Caldweh. The 
former was a native of Scotland, and died 
when Paris was but eleven months old. 

Paris Caldwell left Virginia and located in 
Burlington, Iowa, in 1841, where he remained 
seven months. He then \\'ent to what is now 
Davis county, Iowa, and remain.ed there until 
May, 1S43, when he came to AA'apello county. 
He made claim to a tract of land in Center 
township, which he afterward purchased from 
the go\'ernment. He resided on that tract un- 
til his death. Fifty-four acres of the original 
farm now lies within the corporate limits of 
the city of Ottumwa. During the active career 
of Mr. Caldwell he carried on farming and 

In .1845 hs married ^Margaret Hacknew a 
daughter of William and Ellen Hackney, of 
Virginia. She was born December 22, 1824, 
and died November 26, 1863. To this union 

eight children were born, ^'iz. : John R. 


married Clara J. Jordan and now lives in Kan- 

sas City, Missouri; Sarah R., deceased; Clara 
A., the wife of Edward Graves, now residing 
in Ottumwa; Mary F., deceased; Anna L., 
the wife of Newton L. Arrison, living on the 
old homestead; Charles S., deceased; Joseph 
S., living at St. Louis, Missouri; and Cassius 
C, deceased. Mr. Caldwell was married, sec- 
ondly, to Rebecca J. Walker, widow of Will- 
iam Walker. She was born October 8, 1825, 
and died September 17, 1877. One child was 
born to this union, — Blanche E., the wife of 
James A. Campbell, a sketch of whom is found 
on another page of this book. 

Mr. Caldwell died April 5, 1899. He was 
a member of the ]\Iasonic fraternity, and his 
political affiliations were with the Republican 
party. When he first came to Iowa it was yet 
a territory and so remained for five years. For 
fourteen years after his arrival there was not 
a mile of railroad in all the State. The only 
means of conveyance was by water or by the 
slow-going ox team. The Indians yet existed 
in great numbers, and that portion of the 
territor^' now comprised in the county of Wa- 
pello was almost unknown, there being only 
the Indian agency where Agency City now 
stands. The changes that have since taken 
place it is hardly possible for man to realize. 
In e\erv seat of justice of the 99 counties of 
the State the puffing of the engine on the great 
American railroad is heard. The markets of 
the world are brought to their ^•ery doors, and 
the latest news is gixen to us day by day, al- 
most as soon as the events occur. 

Mr. Caldwell was reared under the benefi- 
cent influence of the schools and of the refined 




society of the older settled states. Such men 
were well eciuipped to go forth and open up a 
new einpire. It was this type of men that laid 
the broad foundations of the commonwealth of 
Iowa, and to such as he Iowa to-day largely 
owes her greatness. 

whose portrait appears on the oppo- 
site page, was born September 11, 
1840, in Northumberland county, 
Pennsylvania, of Scotch-Irish descent, his fa- 
ther's ancestors being Scotch. His mother's 
maiden name was Caldwell, and her parents 
came from the North of Ireland in 1798. His 
grandmother Hutchison, whose maiden name 
was Guilford, was of English descent. His 
grandfather Hutchison was prominent in the 
public affairs of Pennsylvania, and at an early 
day represented a district, constituting alsout 
one-twelfth the state, in the general assembly. 
The subject of this sketch, Joseph G. 
Hutchison, was educated at the Williamsport 
Dickinson Seminary, at AVilliamsport, Penn- 
sylvania, from which he was graduated in 
June, 1862, after completing a four years' 
course. This institution sustains and conducts 
classical and scientific collegiate courses. He 
entered the service August 10, 1862, as first 
lieutenant in the 131st Reg., Pa. Vol. Inf., in 
the Army of the Potomac, and participated in 
the historic battles of Fredericksburg, .Vntietam 
and Chancellorsville. He also took part in the 
Gettysburg campaign as captain of Company 


I, 28th Reg., Pa. Vol. Inf., which regiment 
was mustered into service under the special call 
of President Lincoln, to repell the Confederate 
invasion. Captain Hutchison performed his 
duties well as a loyal and valiant officer, at a 
time when the country was in its greatest peril. 
Special mention was given him by the com- 
mander of his brigade for bra^•ery in the charge 
on Mary's Hill at the battle of Fredericksburg. 
Captain Hutchison had been pursuing his 
study of the law, and graduated at the Cleve- 
land ( Ohio} La-w School in the spring of 1865. 
In December, 1865, he came to Ottumwa and 
formed a law partnership with Hon. E. H. 
Stiles, one of the most distinguished members 
of the Iowa bar. He practiced law until 1872 
when he assisted in organizing the Johnston 
Ruffler Company, and the Ottumwa Irdu 
Works, a very important industry that gave 
employment to a large number of men and 
brought the name of Ottumwa to the front as 
a manufacturing city. In 1873, he went to 
Europe, ( )n a business trip, accompanied h\ his 
wife, and spent nine months there, visiting Lon- 
don, a few of the larger towns of England, and 
the cit\' of Paris. On the \-oyage home, he 
met T. D. Foster, who was then on his wa\- to 
America, with a view of establishing a large 
pork-packing house in the interests of John 
Morrell & Company, Ltd. Captain Hutchi- 
son. l(>^•al to his own town, and as an act of 
courtes\' to his new accpiaintance, called ■Mr. 
Fosters attention to Ottumwa and the ad- 
vantages it offered as the location for such an 
industry. The final result was that the Mor- 
rell packing-house became a fixture of Ot- 



tumwa. The subject of this sketch resumed 
the practice of law in August, 1875, and con- 
tinued it actively and successfully until 1879. 
In the latter year Captain Hutchison was 
elected to the lower house of the state legisla- 
ture, where he served one term. In 1881, he 
received the nomination for the Iowa senate, 
from the Republican party, by acclamation, of 
which party he has always been a consistent 
member, and was elected; he was re-elected in 
1884, thus rendering ten years' service in the 
halls of the legislature. During his senatorial 
terms, he was a member of the ways and means 
and judiciary committees, and, it is said, he had 
more to do in shaping the policy that paid off 
the state debt, than an}- other man in the legis- 
lature. He was the author of the registration 
s}'Stem for elections, which is now giving the 
greatest satisfaction to men of all parties, al- 
though it was opposed at the beginning by 
those who did not understand its beneficent 
effect in securing an honest ballot. Mr. 
Hutchison also de^•oted a great share of his 
attention to railroad legislation, and organ- 
ized the committee which took the matter in 
charge, and at last brought about reforms that 
were advantageous to the people. He re- 
cei\'ed the nomination for go\'crnor from the 
Republican party, in 1889, at a time when re- 
action against prohibition was strongest, 
llany Republicans \oted for Governor Boies 
on account of prohibition, and because Captain 
Hutchison stood manfnlly upon the platform of 
his party. Two years afterwards, Hiram 
Wheeler was nominated by the Republicans for 
governor, as against Governor Boies, when the 

same issue was presented, and Mr. Wheeler 
was defeated by a 10,000 majority — 4,000 
more than the majority Mr. Boies obtained over 
Mr. Hutchison. It thus became plain that 
Captain Hutchison was not defeated on per- 
sonal grounds, but because people suddenly 
turned against the principles of prohibition, 
and held the Republican party responsible. 
Others for other positions on the Republican 
state ticket suffered defeat each time that Gov- 
ernor Boies was elected, but the chief effort was 
made against the head of the ticket. 

Joseph G. Hutchison has been twice mar- 
ried. His first wife was Sarah L. Taylor, to 
whom he was married November 4, 1868; she 
died on November 2, 1896. She was a woman 
of strong character and unusual mental gifts 
and scholarly attainments, and through her in- 
fluence and executive ability there remain many ' 
good works to attest her worth as a true woman 
of exalted character. Mr. Hutchison was mar- 
ried to Mabel Vernon Dixon, a daughter of 
Hon. J. AV. Dixon, June 23, 1898. Mrs. 
Hutchison served as president of the Iowa 
Federation of Women's Clubs from May, 1899, 
to May, 1901, a position which she filled with 
rare ability and to the entire satisfaction of the 
Federation. She has done much unselfish and 
noble work for women's club interests in Iowa. 
Captain Hutchison has had a successful 
business career. He was one of the promoters 
of the Ottumwa National Bank, served seven 
years as its president, and then resigned to 
accept the nomination for governor. He left 
the bank in good condition, which has been 
maintained by his successors. In May, 1891, 



he entered upon a wholesale grocery business 
in which he has prospered. His has been a 
busy life, which promises to be prolonged to 
an advanced age with faculties unimpaired. 

AVe have thus given an outline, only, of the 
principle events connected closely with the sub- 
ject of this sketch, and the share he has taken 
in controlling those events. It will be seen 
that he is a man of action, and has taken his 
full share of the burdens of citizenship, and 
^^'ell won the honors due to those who are faith- 
ful in their convictions, and who devotedly love 
their country and its institutions. His first 
sacrifices were made when he was but a mere 
vouth, in offering his services as a soldier on 
the battlefield. When he again became a citi- 
zen, he so conducted himself that his integrity 
and ability won recognition, and he was instru- 
mental, to a large degree, in shaping the des- 
tiny of the young and growing state of his 
adoption. During all the years he has lived 
in Iowa, he has led the life of an upright Chris- 
tian gentleman, and attracted warm friends be- 
cause of his integrity and his unswerxing ad- 
herence to a high standard of honor. 

R. ALLEN, civil engineer and a 
prominent mapmaker, well and fa- 
vorably known in different sections 
of the United States and Canada, has 
been a resident of Ottumwa since 1890. He 
was born at Peoria, Illinois, in 1850, and is a 
son of D. B. and Martha (Rewey) Allen. 
The Allen family is of English descent and 

its ancestry is the same as that of Ethan Allen, 
of Revolutionary fame, having been established 
in this country in 1665. D. B. Allen was born 
in New York, of New England parents, his fa- 
ther having been born in Massachusetts. The 
former was a soldier in the Civil War and the 
latter served in the War of 1812. The former 
became a civil engineer by profession and set- 
tled at Peoria, Illinois, as early as 1846, having 
since made his home in that city. He married 
^lartha Rewey, who was of French ancestry, 
and who died when the subject hereof was very 
young. She was the mother of three children; 
her t\v(j daughters now reside in Kansas. Mr. 
Allen formed a second marital union, which 
resulted in the birth of one son and a daughter, 
who live in Illinois with their parents. 

After leaving the public school C. R. Allen 
took a normal course and was trained for a 
teacher. After teaching successfully for two 
years he abandoned that work on account of 
the indoor confinement, chose the profession of 
ci\'il engineering, and went under training with 
his father. Air. Allen commenced civil engin- 
eering with his father at a very early age, the 
latter being city engineer of Peoria. He next 
engaged in railway surve)- work in Illinois and 
Indiana, and served under a hydraulic engineer 
some time. He was under the supervision of 
Major Wright, an engineer of some note, and 
also under Mr. Locke, a hydraulic engineer 
of Louisville. During the seven years of his 
apprenticeship he located several hundred miles 
of railroad. He then gathered data for maps 
for different publishing houses, traveling from 
the Atlantic to the Pacific in most of the north- 



ern states, and thus acquired a broad experi- 
ence and becoming familiar with many por- 
tions of the country in detail. In 1876 he 
went to Canada and spent four years in the 
same business, gathering details, platting land,' 
etc. He came to Iowa in 1880, and engaged in 
publishing on his own account, covering a 
large part of western Iowa in detail. He hao 
either compiled or published maps of portions 
of Canada, the states of Michigan, Indiana, 
Illinois, Wisconsin and some 20 counties in 
Iowa, making 80 counties in all, together with 
60 cities and towns, some of which are large in 
size. They are all standard maps and sold at a 
correspondingly high price. He has published 
his third map of Ottumwa and also one of AA'a- 
pello county, and has located lands in the far 
west for syndicates. Since 1890 he has been 
engaged in local engineering work at Ottumwa 
and the surrounding county, and has met 
with success. He was city engineer four years 
and enjoys the deserved reputation of being 
one of the best municipal engineers in the state. 
While acting as cit_\' engineer he improved 
some of the streets of Ottumwa, and, being a 
landscape engineer of some note, has designed 
some fine parks and residence grounds. He 
is a member of the Iowa Engineering Society, 
of which he is past president, and is now a 
director. He has a fine large reference library 
and, being greatly interested in the progress 
of engineering, has contributed various ar- 
ticles for publication. 

Mr. Allen was joined in marriage at De- 
troit, Michigan, in 1877, '^^''th Josie Burdge, 
whose parents were from Xew York. Her an- 

cestors on her father's side were English and 
on the mother's side, Hollanders. They have 
two children : Clara Brooks, a teacher in the 
public schools of Ottumwa, and John Burdge, 
now employed with a large wholesale establish- 
ment at Peoria, Illinois. Clan was born on 
Prince Edward Island, Gulf of St. Lawrence,, 
and John in Iowa. In politics Mr. Allen is a 
Republican, and, being a close student of his- 
tory, is ever interested in the political situation. 
In religious views the family are in accord with 
the Methodist church, Mr. Allen taking a deep 
interest in Sunday-school work. His father- 
was also a Methodist. 

R. J. B. WILSON, a gentleman skilled 
in the science of medicine and sur- 
gery, has been located at Ottumwa 
since December, 1897, in which time 
he has established a large and remunerative 
practice. He was born in Mitchell, Ontario, 
and is a son of James F. and Matilda ( Stewart) 

Dr. Wilson received his primary education 
in the Harrison high school, from which he 
graduated in 1886, and then took a classical 
course of study in Toronto Universit) , which 
lasted two years. In 1891 he entered Trinity 
Medical College, in which he completed a five- 
year course, graduating in 1896, with the de- 
grees of Doctor of ^Medicine and Master of 
Surgery. His first field of practice was at 
Hanover, Ontario, where he remained about 
two years. He removed to Ottumwa, AA'apello 




county, Iowa, in December, 1897, and met with 
immediate success. He lias won the confidence 
of the citizens of Ottumwa to a marked degree, 
and stands very high in their esteem, botli in a 
professional and personal relation. He main- 
tains an office at No. 1402 East Main street. 
Fraternally Dr. Wilson is a Mason and 
has been a member of that order since March 
21, 1894, when he was admitted to Harriston 
Lodge, No. 252, A. F. & A. M., at Harriston, 
Ontario. He is also a member of the Modern 
Woodmen of America and Royal Neighbors. 
In religious views- he favors the Episcopal 

portrait is shown herewith, one of the 
most widely known citizens of Ot- 
tumwa, is the proprietor of the Ball- 
ingall Hotel, the only first-class hotel in the 
city. It commands the finest transient as well 
as local patronage, and its management and 
cuisine are spoken of only in the highest terms 
of praise.. This hostelry consists of 100 rooms, 
exceptionally well furnished and equipped with 
all modern improvements. For the advantages 
to be had, the rates of $2 and $2.50 per day 
are exceedingly moderate. Mr. Manchester 
was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut, m 1844, 
is a son of William M. and Content (Beach) 
Manchester, and comes of an old New Eng- 
land family. 

William M. Manchester and his wife were 
reared and married in Connecticut. She died 
in 1893, and he came to Ottumwa tO' live with 

his son, J. C, and died here March 22, 1898, 
at the age of eighty-five years. Religiously, 
they were strong Methodists. They were the 
parents of seven children, as follows : Lucius, 
who' is about sixty-eight )"ears of age, and 
has been a minister of the Methodist Confer- 
ence of New Jersey, for the past forty years; 
Francis, aged sixty-three years, who has fol- 
lowed teaching as a profession, and lived in the 
West for a number of years, but now resides in 
Ohio; Minerva, who died some years ago; 
Sarah, who married Henry F. Keyes, and now 
resides in New Haven, Connecticut : Julian C, 
and Julius, a machinist, of Bridgeport, Con- 
necticut, who are twins ; and one who died in 

Julian C. Manchester was reared and 
schooled at Bridgeport, Connecticut, and 
learned the trade of a machinist. But when 
seventeen years old, in January, 1864, he en- 
listed in Company E, 1st Reg., Conn. Heavy 
Artillery,, and served for two years, being a 
sergeant when he was mustered out. He was 
in the nine months siege of Petersburg and 
the siege of City Point, and, after Lee's sur- 
render, was ordered with his regiment to Rich- 
mond to take charge of and ship homiC the 
guns and supplies. He was mustered out in 
December, 1865, at New Haven, Connecticut, 
being among the last of those mustered out. 
He then returned to his trade as a machinist, 
and followed it until 1871, when he moved to 
Big Rapids, Michigan, where he conducted the 
Manchester Hotel for some years. He then 
located at Muscatine, Iowa, where he con- 
ducted the Eastern House from 1879 till 1882, 



and then came tO' Ottumwa. Here he became 
proprietor of the BaUingaU Hotel, which was 
buih by P. G. BalUngaU, a prominent resident 
of Ottumwa, who died in 1891. Enterprising 
and progressive, Mr. Manchester soon made it 
the finest hotel in this section of the state, 
drawing to it the very best class of trade. It 
is complete in all its appointments, and its 
bar is one of the finest in the city. He also 
conducts a wholesale liquor department, the 
annual business of which is between $25,ooci 
and $30,000. When he began he had 35 tran- 
sient rooms, which have since been increased 
to 93, the average number of transient guests 
being 75 daily. He has a regular Sunday trade 
of from 60 to 70 persons. He employs be- 
tween 45 and 50 people in the building, and, 
although he superintends the work, has an 
able assistant in his son, Edward, who is head 
clerk and assistant manager. 

Mr. Manchester was united in marriage at 
Fort Wayne, Indiana, with Ella J. Burnabee, 
a native of Vermont. Two sons blessed this 
union : Edward, assistant manager of the 
hotel, who> married Natilia Grube, and has 
his home in the hotel ; and Charles, who was 
born in the hotel, lived to be fifteen years of 
age and died September 13, 1899. Fraternal- 
ly, Mr. Manchester is a member of the Elks, 
and Knights of Pythias, and \\-as formerly a 
member of the Odd Fellows. He filled all the 
chairs of the subordinate lodge of the K. of P., 
and is now brigadier general of the Iowa 
State Uniform Rank, ha^'ing command of the 
state. Religiously, he is a Methodist. He 
has never engaged in politics to any extent. 

EORGE HAW, vice-president of the 
First National Bank of Ottumwa 
and a prominent hardware merchant, 
was born in England October 8, 
He is a son of John and Mary (Lazen- 
by) Haw, both natives of England. 

John Haw came to America with his fam- 
ily and settled in Grant county, AVisconsin, 
where he died at the age of fifty years. 
His wife died at the age of forty- 
seven years. They reared a family of 
nine children, namely : AVilliam, deceased ; 
George, the subject of this sketch; Jane 
(McMurray), of Evansville, Wisconsin; Si- 
mon, of Lodi, Wisconsin; John, of Hammond, 
Wisconsin; Christopher, of Ottumwa, Iowa; 
Thomas, deceased; Elizabeth (DeSellerst), 
deceased; and Mary (Smith), of West Su- 
perior, Wisconsin. 

George Haw received his primary educa- 
tion in Wisconsin. He taught school one term 
and then read medicine a short time, and in 
1S57 engaged in the drug business. In 1862 he 
enlisted as first lieutenant of Company B, 33d 
Reg., Wisconsin Vol. Inf., and was taken into 
General Sherman's army and later into Gen- 
eral Grant's. He was with the latter when he 
made the attack at the rear of Vicksburg while 
Sherman made the attack in front. After the 
fall of Holly Springs his regiment returned to 
]\Iemphis and remained there until the spring 
of 1863, when it went down the river to jom 
in the siege of Vicksburg. He also participated 
in the Red River expedition. In May, 1864, 
he resigned from the service on acount of poor 
health. In September, 1864, he sold out his 



drug- business, came to Ottumwa, Iowa, and 
engaged in the hardware business. The firm 
of George Haw & Compan)^, as organized at 
present, had its beginning in 1864. A'lr. Haw 
started the business with Mr. Henry, under the 
firm name of Henry & Haw. Thus he con- 
tinued until 1868, when they had the misfor- 
tune to be burned out, and he then became con- 
nected with the First National Bank. Al- 
though he resumed the hardware business in 
1 87 1, he has not severed his connection with 
the bank. In 1871 the firm took its present 
name, which it has since retained. In 1878 
F. VV. Simmons became a member of the firm, 
since which time it has Ijeen composed of 
George Haw, Christopher Haw and F. AA'. 
Simmons. They do a retail and wholesale 
business, and it is with pride that they can re- 
fer to the fact that they have cjuite a number 
of customers on their books who have traded 
with them for twenty-five years. That alone 
proves their worthiness. They deal in shelf 
and heavy hardware, house furnishing goods, 
and mining supplies of all kinds. They occupy 
a handsome four-story structure, fronting on 
main street, and extending back to the Chicago, 
Burlington & Quincy and Chicago, Rock Isl- 
and & Pacific tracks. 

Mr. Haw married Henrietta R. Meeker, of 
Iowa county, AA'isconsin, in i860, and she died 
in November, 1861. He married, secondly, 
Anna M. Henry, who died in September, 1869, 
having had two children : Minnie F and Hat- 
tie T. He next married Anna M. Corkhill, in 
1873. She was born in New London, Iowa, 
and died in 1895, leaving four children : 

George C, Alice Jane, Carl T. and James G. 
Mr. Haw was married again, in 1899, to Kath- 
erine Jeardeau, of Platteville, AA^isconsin. Re- 
ligiously he is a strong member of the ]\I. E. 
church. lie is a Knight Templar, and belongs 
to OttumA\-a Post, G. A. R. He is a director of 
the Dain Manufacturing Company. Politically 
he is a Republican. 

APT. \Y H. C. JAQUES, a member 
of the firm of Jaques & Jaques, at- 
torneys-at-law, is an ornament to the 
bar of AA'apello county. He has 
practiced in Ottumwa ever since his admission 
to the bar, and has a large and well established 
clientage. He was born October 29, 1841, at 
Abingdon, A^irginia, and was two }'ears old 
when brought to Iowa by his parents, AVilliam 
and Mary Jaques, who located in Jefferson 
county. His father was a bricklayer, and al- 
ternated his duties on the farm with working at 
his trade as opportunity permitted. 

Air. Jaques attended the district schools 
three months of the year until i862, when he 
enlisted as a private in Company D, 19th Reg., 
Iowa Vol. Inf. He served with his regiment 
through the campaign in southwestern JMis- 
souri and northwestern Arkansas, in the fall of 
1862, and in 1863 in the campaign around 
Jackson and at the siege of Vicksburg. From 
there his regiment A\as sent to Ne\\- Orleans, 
but on account of sickness he was granted a 
furlough and remained at home several months. 
AA'liile on his return to his regiment, then lo- 



cated at Brownsville, on the Rio Grande River, 
he was commissioned second lieutenant of the 
56th United States Infantry, then at Helena, 
Arkansas, and joined his new regiment in Feb- 
ruary, 1864. He soon rose to the rank of first 
lieutenant, and afterward served on the staffs 
of Generals McCook, Thayer, Carr and Col- 
onel Bentzoni, while they were in command of 
the eastern district of Arkansas, as aid-de-camp 
and assistant adjutant-general, until promoted 
to be captain of Company B, of the same regi- 
ment. After serving a while with his regiment 
he was detailed as a member of the court mar- 
tial at Little Rock, Arkansas, which was ap- 
pointed to conduct the trial of Capt. Green 
Durbin, assistant cpiartermaster, a trial which 
lasted o\'er three months. AAHiile acting as a 
member of this court he first conceived the idea 
of studying law. He was mustered out of serv- 
ice with his regiment in September, 1866. 

Immediateh' upon returning home from the 
war he took a course of lectures in the law de- 
partment of Harvard Universit}-, and in the 
spring of 1867 came to Otturawa, where he 
entered the law office of Judge Williams, one 
of the leading jurists of southern Iowa at that 
time. Here he continued to pursue his studies 
and was admitted to the bar the same year. He 
immediately thereafter began the practice of 
law in Ottumwa, where he has continuously 
followed it since. He is careful and painstak- 
ing in the preparation of -a case for trial, and 
as an advocate is forciljle, agreeable and per- 
suasive, — possessing natural talent as an or- 
ator. He is an extensive reader, and takes an 
intelligent interest in general and political mat- 

ters. At present he is serving as city solicitor 
of Ottumwa, having been elected to the office 
on the Democratic ticket. He has had im- 
portant cases that called him outside the state; 
he has been very successful in his practice be- 
fore the supreme court, and wherever he has 
come in contact with legal minds, his ability 
and integrity have been recognized. 

Captain Jaques was married August 29, 
1869, to Flora Williams, a sister of Judge Will- 
iams. To this union have been born four chil- 
dren, namely ; Stella W. ; J. Ralph, now junior 
member of the firm of Jaques & Jaques ; Edna, 
and Mabel. 

\y. BUCHANAN, of the firm of 
Jones & Buchanan, wholesale deal- 
ers in flour and feed, has been located 
in A\''apello county since 1870, and 
is a very prominent business man. He was 
born in New Jersey, in February, 1848, and is 
a son of Alexander and .Vnna (Cameron) 

Alexander Buchanan followed the occupa- 
tion of a farmer until the Civil A\'ar, when he 
enlisted in the Union army. He lost his life 
at the battle of Kenesaw Mountain, June 27, 
i8r)4. He was of Scotch descent, and was 
married, in New York State, to Anna Cam- 
eron. They reared five children, as follows: 
A. AA'., the subject of this biographical record; 
Christiana (Scott), who resides near Hed- 
rick, Iowa; Agnes (Thompson), who lives 
near Fremont, Iowa; :\Irs. Alice (Bowlin), at 




whose home at Highland Center, Iowa, her 
mother resided at the time of the latter's death, 
July 22, 1901 ; and Robert, of Ringgold coun- 
ty, Iowa. 

A. \V. Buchanan spent most of his early 
life in Illinois,' whither his parents moved in 
1850, locating near Princeville in Peoria coun- 
ty. Pie took an academic course at Princeville 
and pursued it until within a short time of the 
graduating period. His business career has 
been spent mainly in the grain trade. He lo- 
cated in Highland township, AVapello county, 
Iowa, in 1870, where he purchased land and 
engaged in agricultural pursuits until 1878. 
In that year he moved to Ottumwa, \\'here he 
has since been continuously engaged in busi- 
ness. He formed a partnership with Mr. 
Jones and embarked in the wholesale flour, 
feed, grain and seed line in a small store on 
Mai-ket street. The concern at the present 
time, in point of size, is four times larger than 
in the early years of its existence. It is now 
located on Second street, between Court and 
Market, in a two-story building, 33 by 132 feet 
in dimensions. The firm employs a force of 
seven men, and also has a number of teams 
for draying. Jones & Buchanan are the only 
grain shippers in the city, and keep one man on 
the road all the time, covering a territory 
within a radius of 50 miles of Ottumwa. Mr. 
Buchanan also has extensive farm interests in 
the county. He has been very successful in 
a business way, and by his honesty and 
straightforwardness in dealing with all has won 
the confidence and respect of his fellow men. 

Mr. Buchanan married Martha Albertson, 

in Illinois ; she was a native of Ohio. In poli- 
tics he is a Republican, and served as alder- 
man of the Fourth Ward for a period of four 
years. Fraternally he is a member of the 
Sons of Veterans, and has represented Donel- 
son Camp, Xo. 32, of Ottumwa. In religious 
attachments he is a Presbyterian, and is a trus- 
tee of his church. In 1899 he was elected to 
the Iowa State legislature, and is now serving 
in the 28th general assembly. 

R. BECK, a prominent druggist, 
w ho has been engaged in that line 
of business in Ottumwa since 1892, 
is also president of the Beck Chem- 
ical Comj^an}-, He was born in 1866, at 
Bloomfield, Davis county, Iowa, and is a son 
of M. H. Beck. 

M. H. Beck was formerl}- from Indiana, 
but is now retired from active business and re- 
sides at Bloomfield. He was at one time en- 
gaged in the general mercantile business at 
Ashland, Wapello county, Iowa. 

AV. R. Beck was reared in Bloomfield, Iowa, 
and took a course in pharmacy at an earlv age, 
serving an apprenticeship at Moulton, Iowa. 
He engaged in the drug business for himself 
at Eldon, Iowa, in 1889, conducting a store 
there until 1892. when he came to Ottumwa, 
and established a retail drug store at No. 601 
East Alain street, which he still conducts. The 
Beck Chemical Company, located just across 
from the drug store, is at No. 602 Main street, 
and was incorporated in January, 1900, with 



Mr. Beck as general superintendent and man- 
ager; Judge Charles Hall, vice-president; M. 
Gris\\-old, secretary ; and C. Planning, treas- 
urer. It was organized as a stock company 
with a capital of $25,000. A large line of pro- 
prietary medicines is manufactured, and two 
salesmen, G. R. Hartson and W. F. Moss, rep- 
resent the company on the road. Twenty dif- 
ferent preparations are manufactured and a 
number of people employed. Under success- 
ful management, the business of the company' 
has flourished, and they have a large trade 
throughout this section of the state. 

Mr. Beck was united in marriage with Min- 
nie Callen, of Moulton, Iowa, and they have a 
very pleasant home in Ottumwa. In politics, 
he is a Republican. Fraternally, he is a mem- 
ber of the K. of P. and B. P. O. E., and has 
filled some of the chairs. Mrs. Beck belongs 
to the Daughters of the American Revolution ; 
and the P- E. O. Sisterhood ; she is a member 
of the Presbyterian church. Mr. Beck has 
many friends in Ottumwa, who hold him in 
high esteem for his many sterling cjualities. 
His portrait accompanies this sketch. 

H. H. ASBURY, the well-known 
real estate dealer of Ottumwa, and 
one of the very early residents of 
this section of the State, located 
in Monroe county, near the Wapello county 
line, as earh- as 1850. He was born in Parke 
county, Indiana, April 4, 1841, and is a son of 
Benjamin and Mary (Porter) Asbury. He is 

a grandson of Joseph Asbury, a Revolutionary 
soldier, and comes of English stock. 

Benjamin Asbury was born in Fairfax 
county, Virginia, and when a youth moved tO' 
Kentucky, thence to Indiana and finally to 
IoA\a. His occupation was that of a black- 
smith and farmer. He was a soldier of the 
"Graybeard" regiment, the 37th Reg., Iowa 
Vol. Inf. He made his home in Monroe and 
Ringgold counties, Iowa, until his death, 
\\hicli occurred in 1899, at the age of ninety- 
five years. He was a stanch Whig and later 
a Republican, and was a great admirer of 
Henry Clay. He married Mary Porter, who 
was born in Kentucky and is now living in 
Ringgold county, Iowa, at the advanced age 
of ninety-one years. Her grandfather was 
also a soldier in the Revolutionary War. This 
union was blessed with five children, as fol- 
lows : Emily (Cleary), who was born in In- 
diana and resides on a farm in Keokuk county, 
Iowa; Thomas, a physician and druggist of 
Ringgold county, Iowa; W. H. H., the subject 
of this biography; and Mary Ann (Neidigh), 
and Benjamin, Jr., a mechanic, both living in 
Ringgold county, Iowa. 

William H. H. Asbury attended the com- 
mon schools in Indiana and Iowa, and engaged' 
in farming up to the time of the Civil War. 
He then enlisted in Company E, 3d Reg., Iowa- 
Vol. Cav., as a private, and later served as 
sergeant for one and a half years. He was 
wounded to such an extent that he wa= inca- 
pacitated for duty, and was discharged on that 
account, after participating in several minor- 
engagements. He was mustered out in 1863,. 



and returned to Iowa, where he, in turn, farmed 
and taught school in Monroe county until 
1865, when he came to Wapello county and 
engaged in merchandising. Here he served 
as deputy sheriff for two years. In 1872- 1873 
he served in the capacity of deputy county 
treasurer. He served as treasurer during 
1874, 1875, 1876 and 1877, and again as dep- 
uty treasurer in 1880 and 1881. Fie next en- 
gaged in the mercantile and real estate lines, 
and for a time, prior to 1890, was in the gov- 
ernment revenue service. Since that date he 
has devoted his attention exclusively to the real 
estate business, in partnership with John B. 
Mowrey, his present office being at No. loi 
North Court street. He is very progressive 
and enterprising in his business methods, and 
has met with marked success. He is a man 
of pleasing personality and has scores of friends 
wherever he has lived. 

Mr. Asbury was united in marriage, in Wa- 
pello county, with Mary E. Jay, who was born 
in Ohio in 1841, and came to this state at the 
age of thirteen years, accompanying her fa- 
ther. Job P. Jay, a prominent Quaker. They 
became the parents of three children, — two of 
whom, sons, died in infancy. A daughter, 
Bertha, aged twenty years, is a graduate of 
the Ottumwa public schools, and is living at 
home. She is a member of the Daughters of 
the American Revolution. Mr. Asbury is a 
Republican in politics, and has served in the 
city council from the Third Ward, in which 
he lives, having built a comfortable home on 
Maple avenue. Fraternally, he is a Knight 
Templar and a member of Cloutman Post, No. 

69, G. A. R., having served in all chairs of the 
local post. He is also a member of the Sons 
of the American Revolution. Mrs. Asbury is 
a member of the AVomen's Relief Corps. Mr. 
Asbury holds to Unitarian doctrines, while his 
wife is a member of the Presbyterian church 
and of the various church organizations. 

EWTOX L. ARRISON, who has been 
a resident of Wapello county, Iowa, 
since 1877, is efficiently ser\'ing in the 
capacity of assistant city clerk of Ot- 
tumwa. He was born in Greene county, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1853, and is a son of G. W. and 
Clara (Humberts) Arrison. 

G. W. Arrison was born in Fayette county,. 
Pennsylvania, in 1823, and was of Scotch de- 
scent. His father was an extensi\'e slave- 
holder in old Virginia. G. W. Arrison fol- 
lowed farming all his life, and died in Penn- 
sylvania in 1890. He married Clara Hum- 
berts, who was born near Wooster, Ohio, in 
1828, and is now a resident of Southwestern 
Pennsylvania. Ten children blessed this 
union, six of whom are living: Jennie 
(Schmitz), a widow living in Greene county, 
Pennsylvania ; Ethelbert, mayor of Carnegie, 
A\'ashington county, Pennsylvania; Newton 
L. ; George J., mayor of Mount Morris, Penn- 
sylvania; Sarah (McConnell), a widow, of 
Greene county, Pennsylvania; and Nellie 
(Hitchens), whose husband is an attorney-at- 
law in McKeesport, Pennsylvania. 

Newton L. Arrison attended the common 



schools of Greene county, Pennsylvania, and 
left for the West on July 10, 1877. He was a 
schoolmate of A. B. Cummins, prospective gov- 
ernor of the State of Iowa. His intention was 
to visit Indianola and, perhaps, to locate there, 
but he decided on Ottumwa as the better, and 
more prosperous location. He first began 
painting and paper hanging, which he fol- 
lowed until some years after his marriage. 
He then served fourteen years as clerk in the 
Ottumwa postoffice, and later in various cleri- 
cal positions. Since April, 1901, he has been 
assistant city clerk, and is discharging the du- 
ties of that office in a most satisfactory man- 

Mr. Arrison was united in marriage with 
Anna L. Caldwell, a daughter of Paris Cald- 
well, one of the pioneers of the county. Paris 
Caldwell was born in Ohio county, Virginia, 
March 13, 1818, and was a son of John and 
Sarah (Mulligan) Caldwell, the former a na- 
tive of Scotland, who died when Paris was 
eleven years old. Paris Caldwell came from 
Virginia to Burlington, Iowa, in 1841, and 
after the lapse of seven months went to what 
is now Davis county, Iowa. He remained 
there until Mav, 1843, when he located in what 
is now Wapello county, taking as a claim a 
tract of land which is now situated in the 
A\estern part of the city of Ottumwa ; this he 
purchased from the government. When he 
first came to Iowa it was a territory, and so 
remained for five years. For fourteen years 
after he came there was not a single mile of 
railroad in the State. That part of the terri- 
tory now comprised in Wapello county was 

almost unknown, there being only the Indian 
agency \\'here Agency City now stands. He 
was a public-spirited man, and always contrib- 
uted to public improvements and enterprises. 
He was reared under the influences and refine- 
ment of society in the older settled states, and 
was well suited to assist in the opening of a 
new territory. He was a superbly constituted 
man, both mentally and physically, retaining 
his activity and energy almost up to the time of 
his death, which occurred April 5, 1899, at the 
ripe old age of eighty-two years. In 1845 he 
was united in marriage with Margaret Hack- 
ney, a daughter of A\'illiam and Ellen Hack- 
ney, of Virginia. She was born December 
22, 1824, and died November 26, 1863. Eight 
children were born to them: John R., who 
married Clara J. Jordan and resides at Kan- 
sas City, Missouri; Sarah R., deceased; Clara 
A., wife of Edward Graves; Mary F., de- 
ceased; Anna L., wife of -the subject hereof; 
Charles S., deceased; Joseph S. ; and Cassius 
C, deceased. Mr. Caldwell later married Re- 
becca J. AA^alker, widow of William AA'alker. 
This lady was born October 8, 1825, and died 
September 17, 1877, leaving a daughter, 
Blanche E., ^^■ho became the wife of James 
A. Campbell. Mr. Caldwell was a Republi- 
can in politics, and a member of the Masonic 

Mr. and Mrs. Arrison have two sons: 
Harry, aged eighteen years; and Ralph, aged 
sixteen years. Their home is the original 
liouse built by Mr. Caldwell, in which Mrs. 
Arrison was born. They still possess the 
original patent to the claim obtained from the 




government. At one time Mr. Caldwell 
owned 320 acres, all in the city of Ottumwa, 
and there are still 30 acres of the old homestead 
intact. Politically Mr. Arrison is a Demo- 
crat, and under Governor Boies held a secre- 
taryship of election committees. He is a 
member of the Woodmen of the World, Mod- 
em Woodmen of America, and Union Central. 
In religious views he is a Presbyterian. 

LLEN JOHNSTON, of Ottumwa, 
Iowa, whose portrait is shown here- 
with, was born in Muskingum coun- 
ty, Ohio in 1848. He came to Wa- 
pello county with his parents in 1855, they lo- 
cating on a farm one mile northeast of Blakes- 
burg. Allen remained on the farm until he 
was nineteen years old, and received a common 
school education. In 1867 he came to Ottum- 
wa to study deutistry with his brother, W. T. 
Johnston, who was also agent for the Singer 
sewing machine, but taking a greater interest 
in the sale and mechanism of sewing machines 
than dentistry, he ceased his preparation for 
that profession. 

Allen Johnston showed his inventive genius 
at a very early age. In 1862, while carpenters 
were working on the erection of a new frame 
house on the farm, he sat watching them as 
they used the crank auger and chisel in mak- 
ing the mortices, and he conceived the idea of 
putting a chisel on the auger, so that the work 
of the auger and chisel would be done by the 
same crank at the same time, and thus the 

auger would throw out all the chips made by 
the chisel, forming a square hole. He explained 
his theory to- the workmen and they thought 
there .was a possibility of making a tool of that 
kind, but their remarks were of such a character 
as .to discourage his saying anything further 
about it. Later such a patent was taken 
out by other parties, and became a very 
valuable discovery. He was not like most 
boys on the farm, and although he was 
eager for sports and spent much time in 
that way, he passed most of his leisure 
hours at home, working in a little shop 
which he had fixed up in the attic. He spent 
his spare cash (which was small in amount )- 
for tools and chemicals, with which to make 
experiments. When young he made wagons 
and sleds. In his neighborhood hazel nuts 
were plentiful, and young Johnston made a 
machine to hull them. He made silver and 
gold rings for the neighboring children, also 
repaired revolvers, guns and other implements. 
It was while selling sewing machines that Mr. 
Johnston first began to make extensive use of 
his inventive power along commercial lines. 
His first patent was taken out jointly by him- 
self and brother, AV. T. Johnston, in 1870, and 
was an embroidery attachment for sewing ma- 
chines. Plis second in\'ention was a ruffler at- 
tachment, contrived, also, jointly with his 
brother. The first of these articles were made 
in his brother's dental office; they were first 
sold by canvassing from house to house. As 
trade increased there was a demand for more 
room and they moved into the third story of 
a Main street building, where he made tools 



with which to manufacture the celebrated 
Johnston rufflers. The first machinery was pro- 
pelled by hand, through the aid of a large 
grindstone. The old grindstone was soon re- 
placed by an engine, and more spacious quar- 
ters were taken on Court street, where a large 
store room was secured. Business grew rapid- 
ly and soon 30 hands were employed. The 
company was known as W. T. Johnston & 
Company, consisting of AV. T. Johnston, x^llen 
Johnston, W. T. Major, J. T. Hackworth and 
J. G. Hutchison. In the spring of 1871 they 
bought a lot in the middle of the block they 
now occupy, and thereon built a factory, 30 by 
60 feet, in dimensions, and two stories high, 
thinking that structure would accommodate all 
the business the firm would ever have; but 
this was a mistake, as business increased rapid- 
ly, and they had to add to their capacity until 
the entire block was covered by one solid build- 
ing. In 1872 the concern was organized as a 
corporation under the title of the Johnston 
Ruffler Company, the incorporators being J. 
T. Hackworth, Allen Johnston, AV T. Major 
and J. G. Hutchison. The last named gentle- 
man sold his interest after a few years, and 
A. G. Harrow was admitted into the corpora- 
tion. The largest amount of busiiness done by 
them was during the period from 1882 to 
1892. The Johnston Ruffler Company had in 
its employ over 500 men. 

Allen Johnston took out patents on vari- 
ous sewing machine attachments, and they were 
all manufactured by the Johnston Ruffler Com- 
pany until recent years. Most of the sewing 
machine patents have been sold to an eastern 

corporation, and the Ottumwa Iron Works, 
which now occupy the plant formerly operated 
by the Johnston Rufifler Company, and which 
are controlled and managed by the same gen- 
tlemen who promoted the latter company, now 
manufacture other machinery ^jataited by Mr. 
Johnston. Mr. Johnston's patents for the auto- 
matic screw machines were among the first 
secured for that kind of machinery. These 
machines were manufactured and sold for a 
time by the Johnston Ruffler Company and 
the Ottumwa Iron AVorks, but the patents hav- 
ing finally been sold to other parties, they 
ceased to manufacture the machines. Among 
the many other patents taken out by Mr. 
Johnston, the latest and most important are 
machines for the manufacture of cutlery. 

Some time ago Mr. Johnston was induced 
to take stock in a cutlery factory, and this is 
what led him to make improvements on ma- 
chinery of that kind. His first patents were 
for grinding and polishing machines; these 
brought out another condition in the depart- 
ment of forging, which led him to make im- 
provements in order to get a uniform product 
for the grinding machines. The result of this 
was the inauguration of the manufacture of 
grinding machines and this led to the designing 
and patenting of machines for the different op- 
erations, — forging, grinding, whetting and 
glazing, also machines for grinding and finish- 
ing handles. About 25 patents have been taken 
out by Mr. Johnston, bearing on cutlery ma- 
chinery. So important have these been, that 
they have revolutionized the manufacture of 
cutlery, even in the Old AA'orld. These ma- 



chiiies are made by the Ottumwa Iron Works, 
and are being used in Norwich, Connecticut, 
and Sheffield, England, the two greatest cut- 
lery manufacturing centers in the world. The 
Ottumwa Iron Works are now building ma- 
chines for one of the most extensive plants in 
Sheffield, England. In this connection an in- 
cident may be related. A year or so ago Mr. 
Johnston was on his way to England to make 
arrangements with cutlery works there for the 
introduction of his machines. On the steamer 
he made the acquaintance of an Englishman, 
who made some inquiries as to the object of his 
visit to England. Mr. Johnston replied: "I 
am going there to show them how to make 
cutlery." The Englishman replied : "Why do 
you mean to say that they don't know how to 
make cutlery in Sheffield?" "No," said Mr. 
Johnston, "I don't mean that, but I am going 
over to show them a better and cheapei" way 
to make cutlery, and I am sure they will take 
hold of my proposition." The result proved 
to be as the latter said; the English factories 
were glad to take hold of the American in- 
ventor's patents, and are well pleased with their 

Mr. Johnston was married, in 1872, to 
Elizabeth Wiley, a daughter of Dr. Wiley, of 
OskaloO'Sa, Iowa, and they have three chil- 
dren: Stella M., wife of F. W. Sharp, of 
Ottumwa; Roy W., who was educated in the 
Ottumwa public and high schools and the Chi- 
cago Manuel Training School, and is how a 
member of the Johnston & Sharp Manufactur- 
ing Company; and Alice M., who is attending 
school. Mr. Johnston is a Republican in pol- 

tics. He is a trustee of the First Presbyterian 
church of Ottumwa, contributes liberally to its 
support and laids his good counsed to all its 
undertakings. He is also liberal in bestowing 
charities and in the furtherance of enterprises 
tending toward the benefit of the city. He 
does not pretend to be a business man, as that 
term is applied to the promoters of great enter- 
prises. His forte is invention, and in this 
sphere he is a genius, who, contrary to the 
usual experience of inventors, has also secured 
a competency. He has taken out about 100 
patents and has now a number pending in the 
patent office. His life is an example of honest 
industry and application of the talents given 
him, and the success which has come to him 
should prove an incentive to every young man 
or boy who is born with the same opportunities. 

L. RANDEL, who for many years 
was a prominent farmer of Center 
township, Wapello county, Iowa, is 
now living a retired life in the city 
of Ottumwa. He was born in Greensburg, 
Decatur county, Indiana, in 1836, and is a son 
of Benjamin Raiidel. 

Benjamin Randel was of Scotch descent 
and was born in Virginia. He followed the 
trade of a potter until 1846, after which he 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. He came to 
Wapello county with his son, E. L., and died 
here in August, 1888, at the age of seventy-six 
years. Politically he was active during his 
earlier life, and served officially as associate 
probate judge in Indiana. He was a Whig and 



a Republican. He was married in Indiana to 
Miranda Lathrop, who was born in Canada in 
1811, just across the Vermont line. While 
she was a babe in arms her father moved to 
Vermont, and served as a soldier in the War 
of 181 2. During a battle in which her father 
was engaged her mother held her in her arms 
and watched the smoke of the conflict. Mrs. 
Randel died in 1891. This union resulted in 
10 children, five of whom are now living, as 
follows : J. M. Randel, a retired farmer, of 
Mississippi ; J. N., who lives in Ottumwa ; 
Margaret J. (Logan), of Ottumwa; Almira 
(Spilman), of Ottumwa; and E. L. 

E. L. Randel was reared to manhood in 
Indiana, and, as a boy, assisted his father some- 
what in the potter's trade, but has made farm- 
ing his successful life work. He located in 
Wapello county^ Iowa, in 1865, purchased a 
farm near Agency, of the claimant, AVilliam 
Ruckman, who removed to Washington, and 
there died. He improved this farm, resided 
upon it until 1871 and then exchanged it for 
240 acres of land three miles north of Ot- 
tumwa, to which he added largely, and which 
he still owns. He resided on the farm until 
1893, since which time he has been practically 
retired, although he still looks after his farm- 
ing niterests. He resided six years in South Ot- 
tumwa, and then a year on Park avenue, but 
at the present time he lives with a widowed 
sister on Chester avenue, Soutli Ottumwa. 
He is engaged in general farming and stock- 
raising, and keeps only the very best grade of 
stock. He kept pure Shorthorns and Poland- 
China and Berkshire hogs for about twenty- 

five years. He introduced the McGee, or Pol- 
and-China, hogs in this county, having brought 
some from Greensburg, Indiana. In the early 
"seventies" he brought two carloads of stock 
from Indiana, which he took pains to keep 
pure and registered. At times he shipped very 
extensively, and also supplied many of the 
farmers with good stock. He held many pub- 
lic sales here and also in Western Iowa and 
Nebraska. He always took great pride in 
building, and otherwise improving his farm, 
and adopted scientific and business-like prin- 
ciples in his work. He raised some wheat at 
an early day, but decided there was more 
money in stock-raising, and corn, clover and 
hay became his staple crops. He leases his 
farm now, partly for cash and partly for grain 
rent, — keeping a close supervision of it. He 
has met with success in his work, and has made 
many friends throughout the county. 

Mr. Randel was united in marriage, in In- 
diana, to Rachel Draper, who was born in Indi- 
ana, in 1842, and died in 1889. They had 
five children : Ella, a trained nurse, of Des 
Moines, Iowa; Luna E. (Stf-vens), of Ot- 
tumwa; Minnie (Bare), of Des Moines; Mat- 
tie (Simmons), of Fernandina, Florida; and 
Benjamin D., who is located on one of his 
father's farms. The subject of this sketch is 
a Republican in politics, but never sought 
office. Owing to the fact that a Republican 
had never before been elected at Agency, he 
consented to run for supervisor on that ticket, 
and was elected, serving in 1866 and 1867. 
He is a Mason. Religiously he has always 
been a faithful Methodist. 




ILLIAM SHUMAKER, who is now 
living a retired life, was for many 
years a prominent farmer of Pleas- 
ant . township, Wapello county, 
Iowa; he now lives on section 11, in Agency 
township. He has been a very prosperous man, 
and at the present time owns 204 acres of land 
in the county. He was born in Pennsylvania 
in 1827, and is a son of Joseph Shumaker. 

Joseph Shumaker was born in Pennsylvania 
and was a chairmaker by occupation. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Riley, who was born in Pennsyl- 
vania, and of the three children born to them, 
^Villiam is the only one now living. 

William Shumaker resided in his native 
state until 1850, and during his youth was a 
shoemaker. He came to*\Vapello county, Iowa, 
in the fall of 1850, aaid lived in Ottumwa until 
jMarch, 185 1, when he returned to Pennsyl- 
vania; in the fall of that year he went to Cali- 
fornia. There he was engaged in mining for 
four years, at the end of which time he re- 
turned, in 1856, to Wapello county, Iowa, and 
has since made his home here. In 1850 he 
bought a farm of 160 acres in Pleasant town- 
ship, on which he lived until 1861, when he 
rented the land and located on a farm near 
Agency City, Agency township. He resided 
upon that farm until 1891, and then located 
on his present farm in section 11. He was a 
carpenter by trade, and also followed general 
farming, but at the present time is living a re- 
tired life. 

]\Ir. Shumaker was united in marriage with 
Mrs. Sarah (Barnard) Morley, who was born 
in Greene county, Illinois, in 1840, and is a 


daughter of John Barnard. The latter was 
born in Tennessee, and was a blacksmith by 
trade. He married Mary Creighton, who was 
born in South Carolina, and they reared 13 
children, two of whom are now living, — Sarah 
and Edward. By her marriage with George 
Morley Mr. Shumaker's wife had one child, 
Kate O., who married Martin S. Bush. Mrs. 
Shumaker is a member of the M. E. church. 
In politics Mr. Shumaker is a Democrat. Fra- 
ternally he is a Mason, belonging to Olive 
Branch Lodge, No. 21, of Agency City. A 
portrait of Mr. Shumaker accompanies this 

OHN H. MORRELL, one of the promi- 
nent business men of Ottumwa, Iowa, 
is one of the two American directors 
of the packing establishment of John 
Morrell & Company, Limited, whose main 
offices are in Liverpool, England. 

Mr. Morrell was born in England in March, 
1864, and is a son of the late George Morrell. 
He AN'as reared to young manhood in England, 
and has been identified with the firm of John 
]\Iorrell & Company, Limited, since 1878, ha\'- 
ing occupied various positions in England and 
the United States. He came to America in 
1883, located at Chicago, Illinois, and in 1890 
came west to Ottumwa, Iowa. He is a man 
of excellent business qualifications, and has 
served with credit in his present capacity. 

John H. Morrell was united in marriage, at 
Ottumwa, with Helen Edgerly, a daughter of 



the late J. W. Edgeiiy, and they have one son, 
George Alfred. His home is on Market street, 
Ottumwa, and he attends the First Methodist 
Episcopal chvnxh. 

en s 

OHN E. HULL, a life-long resident of 

Wapello county, Iowa, is a prominent 

real estate dealer and insurance agent 

in the city of Ottumwa. He was born 

June 9, 1865, and is a son of AVesley and 

Mary C. (Apperson) Hull. 

Wesley Hull was born in Culpeper county, 
Virginia, in 1824, and at the age of eleven 
years began to learn the milling business, — his 
father being engaged in that line of work. He 
Avas a miller throughout his active business 
career ; he operated a sawmill at Chillicothe 
and Blakesburg, this county, and a grist-mill 
at the latter place. He was also engaged in 
the lumber business for some years, and in 
1890 retired from business cares. In politics he 
was a strong Democrat. Mr. Hull was united 
in marriage with Mary C. Apperson, who was 
born in Culpeper county, Virginia, and died in 
A\'apello county, Iowa, at the age of fifty years. 
This union was blessed with six children, as 
follows : George W. ; William W. ; Charles J. ; 
John E. ; Mary; and James A. George W., who 
li\'ed in Blakesburg for sixteen years and left 
that place at the age of twenty-four vears, is 
now clerk in a foundry at Denver. AVilliam W. 
became a physician, having been educated iq 
Keokuk and Iowa City medical colleges. He 
practiced seventeen years at Attica, Marion 

county, Iowa, and is now located at Fulton, 
Missouri. Charles T. left Ottumwa at the age 
of seventeen years and has been located at 
various palaces since. John E. is the subject 
of this biography. Mary (Brooks) resides 
near Byer, Ohio. James A. is a physician, 
located at Keb, Wapello county, Iowa. 

John E. Hull was reared and schooled at 
Blakesburg. He entered the stock business at 
an early age, and made several trips west Vi^ith 
cattle. While at Omaha on one of these trips 
he enlisted in the regular army, and spent one 
year in the service. He then returned to Wa- 
pello county, engaged in school teaching near 
Blakesburg, and followed that and other occu- 
pations at the same time for about five years. 
He worked at the lathing trade with Con- 
tractor Ed Birch for some time, and was ap- 
pointed to the police force of Ottumwa, on 
which he served during 1891 and 1.892. In 
the latter year he entered the real estate and 
insurance business, which he has since followed 
with great success. For six years his office 
v/as located in the Beaver Block, and at the 
present time is in the Sampson Building, 
owned by W. AV. Cummings. He has had 
much success in this business, and recently 
erected some fine houses in Dain's Addition, 
South Ottumwa. He has worked his way to 
the front by perseverance and industrv, and is 
a self-made man in every sense of the term. 

John E. Hull was married at Blakesburg 
to Tena Smithburg, who was born in Jeffer- 
son county, Iowa, of Swedish parents, both of 
whom died before her marriage. Three chil- 
dren were born to them, as follows : Ruth V., 



aged twelve years; John W., aged eleven 
years; and Mary Emeline, aged eight years. 
While a resident of Adams township Mr. Hull 
served as assessor at Blakesburg. He was a 
candidate for city auditor of Ottumwa, and 
from 1899 to 1 90 1 served as alderman from 
the Seventh Ward. He declined a renomina- 
tion. Fraternally he is a member of the 
Knights of Pythias (of which he is master of 
finance); the Royal Arcanum; Pilgrims; and 
I. O. O. F. He has served through all the 
chairs of the latter order, and has iDcen trustee 
for the past three years. He is also a member 
of the Uniform Rank, K. of P., and was cap- 
tain in 1900. Mrs. Hull is a member of En- 
terprise Lodge, Daughters of Rebekah. In 
religious views they are Methodists. 

EONIDAS M. GODLEY, a gentle- 
man who bears an honorable record 
for service in the Union army during 
the Civil war, was for many years a 
trusted official of Wapello county, serving in 
various capacities. He was born in W'est Vir- 
ginia in 1836, and is a son of Mahlon and 
Nancy (Newman) Godley. 

Mahlon Godley came of an old Virginia 
family, of English extraction. Several gener- 
ations back two Godley brothers came from 
England, — one locating in Virginia and the 
other in New England. Mahlon Godley had 
seven brothers and two sisters, who- scattered, 
most of them going south, while he located in 
West Virginia. He learned the trade of a 

miller and followed it for some years in Vir- 
ginia. Later he learned the trade of a cabinet- 
maker, which he followed until his death, in 
1869. He was an active Democrat in politics, 
and served as justice of the peace and post- 
master at Ashland, which was considered the 
best town in Wapello county in the early days. 
While a resident of West Virginia he married 
Nancy Newman, who was born just across the 
line, in Pennsylvania, and is of Dutch descent. 
Eight children were born of this union, Leoni- 
das M. being the youngest. All were born in 
the East, and all but the eldest brother, who 
died in 1849, came west. 

Leonidas M. Godley first came to the State 
of Iowa with his parents in 1850, locating in 
Jefferson county, and in April, 1854, he came 
to Ashland, AVapello county. He engaged in 
farming for a number of years, and then fol- 
lowed the trade of a carpenter until the out- 
break of the Civil War. He spent some time 
in working at his trade in Kansas, and was a 
resident of Sedalia, Missouri, when the war 
began. He enlisted in the 27th Reg., Missouri 
Vol. Inf., but was sick in Sedalia at the tims, 
of the siege of Lexington. After his three 
months' term of service had expired he re- 
turned to Wapello county, Iowa, and upon 
recovering his health enlisted in Company E, 
22(1 Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf. They rendezvoused 
at Iowa City, and thence went to spend their 
first winter in Missouri. They were soon or- 
dered to Port Gibson, Mississippi, and took 
part in the engagement at that place. Mr. 
Godley also participated in the battles at Cham- 
pion Hills and Black River Bridge, and was 



at the siege of Vicksburg. It was during the 
first assault upon the works that he was struck 
by a ball between the knee and ankle. The 
wound being very painful, he lay down between 
the firing lines of the contending armies. 
Finding his limb was bleeding profusely, he 
arose, and, while trying to- tie his handkerchief 
around the member, was shot in the right 
breast, the ball coming out at the shoulder 
blade. He was later shot through the knee 
of the same limb. The general charge had 
terminated, and he sat up and became a target 
for the enemy. Being forced to resume his 
recumbent position, he lay between the two 
lines for three hours, and was finally assisted 
to a shady spot under a tree, where he lay from, 
forenoon until midnight, with 20 others who 
were disabled. At his own request he was car- 
ried inside the Confederate lines to the Texas 
Legion, and was next morning looked after by 
the surgeon. He was carried out and laid in 
a hole beside the railroad bridge, upon some 
branches and leaves, which served as an op- 
erating table. He displayed great courage 
and fortitude during the operation of ampu- 
tating his limb, and refused the aid of any 
anesthetic. Two strong men were chosen to 
hold him still, but he dispensed with these, and 
calmly watched the removal of his left limb 
near the hip. After the operation he rode in 
a lumber wagon with a Confederate soldier, 
and was taken to an improvised hospital. En 
route they encountered Lhiion sharpshooters, 
who fired upon them. Mr. Godley implored 
the driver, who had put the horses tO' their 
fastest speed, to go slower, but he would not. 

SO Mr. Godley crawled to a corner of the wagon, 
box and managed to hold his limb in such 
a manner as to prevent bleeding to death. 
The building in which they were finally located 
was shelled by the Union troops and all werq. 
forced to vacate. Mr. Godley, being the only 
Union soldier there, was paroled and reached 
the Union lines. He was placed on a marine 
hospital boat and taken to Memphis, where he 
arrived July 3, 1863. July 6, 1863, he started 
for St. Louis, where he was placed in Lawson 
Hospital, and remained there until September 
4, 1863, when he was discharged. His wife 
joined him and cared for him until they re- 
turned to their home at Ashland, Iowa, on 
September 7. His service in the army was- 
one of heroism, and for meritorious conduct, 
Idu/ring the assault on Vicksburg, Congress 
voted him a medal of honor. He has many 
relics of the war, which form a most interest- 
ing collection. His limb healed in four weeks, 
and he gets around well with a crutch and a 
cane. Losing a leg in fighting for so great 
and just a cause is not a matter of regret to 
one of his patriotism. He receives a just pen- 
sion from the United States government. 

In 1864 he was elected clerk of the court of 
Wapello county, and held that office for four- 
teen years (seven successive terms), the long- 
est period of any incumlient. He was later 
appointed a revenue collector in the govern- 
ment's employ, and was engaged in examining 
distilleries, but resigned, and was then ap- 
pointed deputy revenue collector under Mr. 
Burnett, of Burlington, succeeding Charles 
Brown. After holding that office nearly three- 




years he became deputy postmaster at Ot- 
tumwa, under Postmaster Tilton. He re- 
signed one year later, and has not been active 
in business since. 

Mr. Godley was united in marriage in 1859 
with Juha Walker, who was born in Ken- 
tucky and reared in Missouri; she is now 
fifty-four years of age. They became parents 
•of 10 children, five of whom died in infancy. 
Those who grew up are as follows : William 
L., who died in 1888, at the age of twenty-one 
years; Terasita; Martha; Charles L., who' is 
at home and in the employ of John Morrell 
& Cortrpany, Limited; and Harry, a stenog- 
rapher, residing in Chicago. Mr. Godley was 
reared a Democrat, and continued so until the 
Charleston corivention, since which time he has 
been a strong Republican. He is a member 
of Cloutman Post, No. 69, G. A. R. In re- 
ligious views he is a Methodist. 

OHN P. ANDERSON, one of the best 
known tailors of Ottumwa, whose por- 
trait is presented on the opposite page, 
has been located in the city since Feb- 
ruary, 1878. He was born in Sweden in 
1844, and is a son of Andrew Anderson. 

Andrew Anderson always lived in Sweden 
and followed farming until his death in the "fif- 
ties." His wife was born in 1821, and still 
resides on the old homestead in Sweden. Both 
had children by previous marriages; John P. 
was the youngest child born to them. 

John P. Anderson was reared in Sweden 

and was confirmed at the age of fifteen years. 
He immediately after served an apprenticeship 
to the trade of a tailor, which lasted until he 
came to America in the spring of 1873. Ow- 
ing to years of hard night work by poor light, 
he had trouble with his eyes, and upon lo- 
cating at Jsliet, Illinois, soon after his arrival 
in this cotmtry, he engaged in out-door work. 
Pie came to Ottumwa, Iowa, in 1878, and was 
employed as a tailor by Mr. Swenson, until 
1883, when he embarked in the tailoring busi- 
ness for himself. For about eleven 3'eai's he 
was located in the Peterson Block, aad then 
he and Mr. Calhoun rented the Pallister Build- 
ing, where he conducted a tailoring shop and 
I\Ir. Calhoun engaged in the manufacture of 
shirts. In 1897, Mr. Anderson formed a 
partnership with Mr. Swenson, who had come 
to Ottumwa in 1877, and the partnership con- 
tinued until February, 1901, when the latter 
purchased the interest of the former. ]Mr. 
Anderson remained with Mr. Swenson until 
August, 1901, when he again engaged in busi- 
ness for himself at No. 223 Main street, where 
he has a fine tailoring establishment and em- 
ploys eight hands 

John P. Anderson was united in marriage 
in Ottumwa, in 1879, to Hannah Gunnerson, 
then a resident of Princeton, Illinois, but a 
native of Sweden. Fi\'e children were born 
to them, as follows : Mabel, aged twenty 
years ; Loraine, aged eighteen \'ears ; Carl, 
aged seventeen years, wIkj is in the senior class 
in the high school and will graduate in 1902 ; 
Annie, aged fifteen years, who is in the second 
year in the high school ; and Adolph, aged 



eleven years; who is also in school. In poli- 
tics, Mr. Anderson is a strong supporter of 
Democratic principles and candidates. Fra- 
ternally, he was made a Mason in 1878, and 
is a Knight Templar. He took his first degrees 
under Master Charles Sax, and was knighted 
in Ottumwa in 1882. Religiously, he is a 
member of the Episcopal church. 

HARLES E. BOUDE, who has been 
located in Ottumwa, Wapello county, 
Iowa, since 1866, is extensively en- 
gaged in the insurance and loan busi- 
ness, — representing some of the best com- 
panies in this country. 

Mr. Boude was born in Oxford, Butler 
county, Ohio, and was one of six children born 
to his parents, Thomas and Martha B. 
(Sharpe) Boude. One of these, Mary A., 
makes her home with him in Ottumwa. A 
brother, Austin E. died in Illinois, in 1898. An- 
other brother, Dr. J. K. Boude, of Washington, 
D. C, who had been one of the medical exam- 
iners in the pension department for the past 
twenty years, died in September, 1901. One 
sister and one brother died in early life. 

Charles E. Boude came from Ohio west 
to Illinois at an early day, and there took an 
academic course of study. Upon coming to 
Ottumwa, he obtained work on the Des Moines 
Valley Railway, and was in station service 
twenty-five years. He began as clerk and was 
later freight and passenger agent, at one time 
serving under Mr. Armstrong, of Ottumwa. 
He continued with the Chicago, Rock Island 

& Pacific Railway until 1891, and then ac- 
cepted a position as cashier of the Ottumwa 
National Bank. In 1896 he gave up that po- 
sition and was then inactive for nearly a year, 
after which he entered the insurance and loan 
business, buying out an agent located in Ot- 
tumwa. He represents a large number of the 
old-line fire, life and accident insurance com- 
panies. He has a fine office in the Hoffman 
Block, and does a large business, employing a 
stenographer. In making loans he handles 
mainly local money. He also has other busi- 
ness interests, holding stock in the Ottumwa 
National Bank, the Western Supply Company 
and the Phillips Fuel Company. In politics he 
is a Republican. 

Mr. Boude was united in marriage at Ot- 
tumwa with Mary M. Sharp, a daughter of 
W. P. Sharp, who resided at Ottumwa many 
years and has traveled extensively. They have 
two daughters : Lois M., wife of M. J. Mc- 
Clellan; and i Bessie S., who resides at home. 
Religiously M r. Boude is a member of the 
Presbyterian church, being an elder and clerk 
of the sessions. 

ENECA CORNELL, a well-known 
resident of Ottumwa, Iowa, is a prom- 
inent attorney-at-law, and during his 
practice here has been identified with 
many important cases. He was born March 
12, 1858, in Jefferson county, Iowa, and is a 
son of Washington and Sarah (Wilson) Cor- 



Washington Cornell was born in Ohio, in 
1818, and came to Iowa in 1849. His father 
was from Canada and located in Ohio at an 
early day. The latter was a Republican and 
Abolitionist and assisted in the famous under- 
ground railway. Washington Cornell mar- 
ried Sarah Wilson, who was born in 1823, and 
they became the parents of the following chil- 
dren: George W. ; Laura (Wireman) ; Sen- 
eca, the subject of this sketch ; Oscar, a farmer 
in Kansas ; Sylvanus, a merchant of Fairfield, 
Iowa; Alvah, who conducts a restaurant at 
Fairfield; and Chloe (Miller), whose husband 
is a farmer. 

Seneca Cornell was reared and educated in 
Jefferson county, Iowa, and at an early date 
decided to enter the legal profession. He read 
law with Senator James F. Wilson at Fairfield,, 
Iowa, and was admitted to the bar in 1882, at, 
the age of twenty-four years. He then went 
to Eldon and formed a partnership with T. H. 
Asby, of Jefferson county, with whom he 
practiced for three years, after which he prac- 
ticed alone until 1890. He served two terms 
as mayor of Eldon, and in 1886 owned and 
edited the Des Moines Valley Journal, which 
he sold one year later. During 1890 he was 
in partnership with L. E. Coad, now a min- 
ister, and on January i, 1891, located in Ot- 
tumwa, where he has since been engaged in 
general practice. He has attained prestige as 
one of the leading lawyers of the city, and has 
been associated in the trial of cases with some 
of the most eminent attorneys. 

Mr. Cornell was joined in marriage with 
Ella Caster, a daughter of Dr. Paul Caster, 

deceased, a noted faith healer of Ottumwa. 
Dr. Caster built the Caster House in Ottumwa. 
Mrs. Cornell has a sister and brother living: 
G. W. Caster and Mrs. Nettie Binks. She 
also has the following half-brothers : S. P. 
Caster, who is in the restaurant business ; John 
Caster, who conducts a store in the West End, 
Ottumwa; and Dr. J. S. Caster, of Burlington, 
who successfully follows the healing methods 
employed by his father. Mr. and Mrs. Cor- 
nell are parents of one child, Rolla \\^, who 
was born August 31, 1889, and is now attend- 
ing school. Mr. Cornell owns a comfortable 
home in Ottumwa, and has his offices in the 
Summers Block. He has made a specialty of 
probate and real estate law, and is having a 
very large patronage along these lines. In 
politics he is a Democrat. Fraternally he is 
a member of the I. O. O. F. ; A. O. U. AV. ; 
B. P. O. E. and auxiliaries; and Canton Ot- 
tumwa, No. 5, P. M., of which he is captain. 
He is also' a colonel on General Manchester's 
staff and judge advocate in the Uniform Rank, 
K. of P. Religiously he is a Presbyterian, and 
was educated at a Presbyterian institution — 
Persons College, — of Fairfield, Iowa. 


firm, which conducts the largest dry 
goods establishment in the city of Ot- 
tumwa, was founded by Sadie C. 
Cullen, now Mrs. E. P- Barton, in February, 
1890. Prior to that time Miss Cullen was for 
several years in charge of the (\r\ goods store 



of Israel Brothers, who then occupied one 
room of the present large, double building of 
the company. It was made a double store in 
1892, and in 1893 Miss Cullen purchased the 
interest of her partner, H. A. Warner. The 
firm name has continued unchanged since 
1890, and Miss Cullen remained in charge un- 
til 1899, when she was married to Mr. Barton, 
who now also owns an interest in it, and is 
the manager. Mr. Barton comes from an old 
Pennsylvania family. At an early age he en- 
tered the dry goods business in Philadelphia, 
and for many years before coming to Ottumwa 
was connected with some of the leading whole- 
sale houses of Philadelphia — notably, Young, 
Smyth, Field & Company and Folwell 
Brothers & Company. Mr. Barton is thor- 
oughly versed in the dry goods business. 
Thomas E. Cullen, a brother of the founder, 
has owned an interest in it, and has served as 
its advertising agent since Mr. Warner dis- 
posed of his interest, in 1893. The store is 
completely stocked with everything in the line 
of dry goods, and is patronized by the leading 
citizens of the city and vicinity. 

Sadie C. Cullen was born in Ottumwa, and 
is a daughter of James and Sarah (O'Conner) 
•Cullen. Her father \Aas reared in Lynn, 
Massachusetts, and died in Ottumwa, in 1887. 
He was a contractor, and came to Ottumwa 
about 1850, having charge of the brick and 
stone work of manv of the earlv buildino-s in 
the city. His \\ idow nr)w resides in Ottumwa, 
aged nearly seventy-two )-ears. They were 
parents of 12 children, the older ones having 
been born in Lynn, Massachusetts, and the re- 

mainder in Ottumwa. Five are now living, as 
follows : Thomas E. ; Mrs. E. P. Barton ; 
Frank, who is now a private in Company D, 
nth U. S. Infantry, in the Philippine Islands; 
Nellie, A\ho is at home with her 'mother; and 
Mrs. Agnes Quinlan, who moved from Ot- 
tumwa to Lorain, Ohio, in 1862; 

Thomas E. Cullen was reared arid educated 
at Ottumwa, and previous to 1893 ^\'as engaged 
in the insurance business with Georg-e A. 
Brown. ' He then entered the dry goods busi- 
ness, in which he has since continued. At the 
time of his death his father owried a fine farm 
and residence property at Ottumwa. 

H. EMERY, a prominent attorney- 
at-law, of Ottumwa, is now serving 
in the capacity of county attorney of 
^^^apello county; Tie has shown un- 
usual ability in the discharge of the diities of 
this office, and stands high among the member.i 
of the legal profession. He was born in Ful- 
ton county, Illinois, in 1837, ^I'^d is a son of 
F. W. and Hannah (Gafney) Emery. 

F. W. Emery was born in Pennsylvania, 
moved to Ohio, and then to Fulton county, 
Illinois, Ideating in the last named district in 
1833. He died in Stark county, Illinois, in 
1846, and was survived by his wife, who died 
in Illinois, in 1890. They had four sons and 
one daughter, namely : D. H. ; J. G, a farmer 
residing in Illinois ; ^\^illiam E., who was killed 
in the army at the battle of Stone River; O. 
P., who died in Missouri in 1898; and Amanda 
(Pritchard), who died some years ago. 




D. H. Emery was three months old when 
his parents removed to Stark county, lUinois, 
where he was reared. He read law at the 
■county-seat of that county and. was admitted 
to the Iowa bar at Montezuma, Iowa, in Feb- 
ruary, 1 86 1. He began practice there, but in 
the following August enlisted in the loth Reg., 
Iowa Vol. Inf. He was chosen first lieuten- 
ant of his company, and continued as such dur- 
ing the three years of his service. He was at- 
tached to the 17th Army Corps at Vicksburg 
tinder General McPherson, and was later trans- 
feiTcd to the 15th Army Corps. He was in 
the battle of Champion Hills and was wounded 
at the battle of Mission Ridge, receiving a bul- 
kt in the thigh, which came near inflicting a 
fatal wound, as it barely missed the main ar- 
tery. In November, 1863, he was sent home 
and spent three months in recruiting soldiers, 
after which he returned to his regiment and 
served in Alabama and' Georgia, being mus- 
tered out September 28, 1864. He returned 
to Montezuma, Iowa, and practiced law there 
until 1870, in the meantime serving a term 
in the State legislature. He had been associ- 
ated with Judge W. R. Lewis and Capt. VV. H. 
Redman in practice at Montezuma, but after 
coming to Ottumwa, in 1870, he has practiced 
alone, with the exception of a short time when 
he was in partnership with his son. He en- 
gaged in a general practice, and has secured a 
large and well-paying clientage. He was 
elected to succeed A. W. Enoch as county at- 
torney of Wapello county, and is faithfully 
discharging the duties of that office at the pres- 
ent time. 

Mr. Emery was married while residing at 
Montezuma, to Sarah C. Holland, who was 
born in Iowa, and is fifty- four years of age. 
She is a daughter of Rev. Mr. Holland. This 
union resulted in the birth of seven children, 
as follows : Roscoe, who received a legal 
training, but is now engaged in the fruit busi- 
ness with the firm of E. H. Emery & Company ; 
Wilbur, who is attendng McKendrick College, 
at Lebanon, Illinois, and preparing for educa- 
tional work; Edwin H., proprietor of a whole- 
sale fruit establishment; Herbert, who travel.! 
for the fruit house of E. H. Emery & Company ; 
Alice E. (Throne), whose husband is a grocei^ 
in the West End, Ottumwa; Irving G., who 
holds a good position in the office of .the West- 
ern Electric -Company, of Chicago; and Clara 
E., \\'ho graduated from the Ottumwa High 
School in 1900, and is employed in a book 
store in Ottumwa. Airs. Emery is a lady of 
prominence in the community, and is president 
of the Hospital Association of Ottumwa. Mr. 
Emery is a member of the Grand Army of the 

This gentle- 


man, ^^•hose portrait is shown on the 
opposite page, is a member of the 
firm of George Haw & Com- 
pany, dealers in wholesale and retail hard- 
ware, at Ottumwa, Wapello county, Iowa. 
Mr. Haw was born in Grant county, \A''iscon- 
sin, in 1848. He received his primary educa- 
tion in De Kalb county, Illinois, and in 1868 
came to Ottumwa, where he attended the high 



school. After leaving school he clerked for 
a short time with Henry & Haw, and spent 
1869 and 1870 in Kansas City, Missouri. In 
1 87 1 he became a member of the firm of George 
Haw & Company and has been in that concern 
ever since. This firm has a large hardware 
trade, both wholesale and retail. The members 
of the firm are among the best business men 
in the city of Ottumwa. A large and com- 
plete stock of hardware is carried, and the 
store is one of the finest in the state. Mr. 
Haw is a man of good business ability; he is 
one of the representative citizens of Ottum- 
wa, takes a deep interest in all public enter- 
prises, and lends his assistance whenever it is 

Mr. Haw was married, in 1875, to Clara E. 
Bowen, a daughter of George W. Bowen, of 
Ottumwa. To them have been born the fol- 
lowing children, namely: Edwin A., Mabel 
Jay, Francis B., and Arthur B. 

Mr. Haw is a member of the Modern 
Woodmen of America. Religiously he is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
In politics he is a Republican. 

gressive citizen of Ottumwa, occu- 
pies the position of local freight 
agent of the Chicago, Burlington 
& Quincy Railroad Company, and is dischargi 
ing the duties of his office in a most satisfactory 
manner. He was born in Pike county, Penn- 
sylvania, August 10, 1830, and is a son of Will- 
iam and Mary (Pellett) Armstrong. 

The grandfather of ^Villiam B. held a ma- 
jor's commission in the Revolutionary War, 
and enjoyed the acquaintance and confidence 
of General Washington. He was a man of 
great force of character and fine abilities, and 
represented his district in the State legislature. 
He was afterward proffered a judgship, which 
he declined to accept. He was a remarkable 
man in many respects, and in all his dealings 
with his fellow men adhered to the principles 
of honor and honesty. 

William Armstrong followed farming dur- 
ing early life and afterward engaged exten- 
sively in milling. He married Mary Pellett, 
and they reared a family of eight children, of 
whom but three are living: Obadiah P., of 
New Jersey ; William B. ; and John B., a farm- 
er in Sussex county, New Jersey. They wer(^ 
Scotch Presbyterians in religious belief, and 
their children w^re carefully trained to high 
morality and integrity. 

William B. Armstrong received a liberal 
education, and in 1851, determining to see 
something of the western country, started from 
home and located first at St. Louis, Missouri, 
where he was emploj'-ed as clerk in a commis- 
sion house. The following year he went to 
Athens, Missouri, where he was employed as 
a clerk and later was engaged in business on 
his own account until he entered the railroad 
business, having been appointed the first local 
agent of the Keokuk, Fort Des Moines & Min- 
nesota Railroad. He was thus employed for 
eleven years, and in 1861 came to Ottumwa, 
serving in the same capacity for the Des Moines 
Valley Railroad. He continued with this 



road until 1872, and then resigned to accept 
the position of general agent of the Burlington 
& Missouri River Railroad, which was consoli- 
dated with the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railroad in January, 1873. Mr. Armstrong is 
a practical railroad man, and has had an experi- 
ence of over forty years in this line of work. 
From a small beginning the business of this 
company has extended until now there are 
seven miles of switch track at Ottumwa, and 
the success attained is in a large measure due 
to the fidelity and intelligence of its employes, 
of whom Mr. Armstrong ranks among the 
most faithful. In the spring of 1862 Mr. 
Armstrong, in company with his brother, Capt. 
B. C. P. Armstrong, who died in the army near 
the close of the war, recruited Company M, 
9th Reg., Iowa Vol. Cav., of which the latter 
was lieutenant and subsequently captain. 

William B. Armstrong was united in mar- 
riage in 1858 with Virginia Thome, of Athens, 
Missouri, who was born in Kentucky, and is 
a daughter of Arthur and Eliza Thome, of 
Athens, Missouri. Four children blessed this 
union, of whom three are now living, namely : 
William, who is. in the grocery business; Mary, 
wife of John C. Fetzer, of Ottumwa, Iowa; 
and Anna T., wife of H. A. Smith, of Ot- 

H. A. Smith, son-in-law of Mr. Arm- 
strong, is proprietor of the Courier Blank 
Book Company, located on Third street oppo- 
site the postoffice. They carry a full line of 
bank and county stationery, and do- a strictly 
"to order" business. They employ about 12 
people, and occupy two floors about 60 feet 

long. Their customers are located throughou', 
the State of Iowa, Southern Minnesota and 
Northern Missouri, and under Mr. Smith's 
capable management the business is steadily 
growing. It was started in 1881 by C. A. 
Smith and Alfred G. Cook, in the Finley 
Block, and furnished employment originally 
to three or four people. This partnership 
lasted until 1888, after which C. A. Smith and 
William Fiedler conducted the business for two 
years. It was then sold to A. W. Lee and 
named the Courier Blank Book Company. In 
1894 it was again acc[uired by C. A. Smith, 
who conducted it until February, 1900, when 
H. A. Smith purchased it. The latter was 
born at Indianapolis, Indiana, in 1872, and is a 
son of J. H. C. Smith, of Chicago, who 'for 
many years was engaged in the publishing 
business. Fraternally Mr. Smith is a member 
of the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks ; Knights Templar ; and Knights of 

Fraternally William B. Armstrong is a 
Mason, and has risen to the rank of Knight 
Templar, being a charter member of the com- 
mandery. In politics he is a stanch Republi- 
can, and has held various local offices. He 
has been a member of the city council several 
terms, was treasurer of the city several years^ 
and school director six years. Since first lo- 
cating here he has been identified with the busi- 
ness interests of the city, giving his active sup- 
port tO' the cause of education and morality, 
and encouraged every worthy enterprise hav- 
ing for its object the welfare of his adopted 
city. He has always stood high in the confi- 


dence of the officers of the different roads on 
which he has been employed. Several years 
ago he was offered a promotion which would 
have taken him away from Ottumwa, but ho 
preferred to stay here, hold his old position, re- 
main a citizen of Ottumwa and identify hin;- 
self with its interests. This has been pleasiuK 
lo his old friends and neighbors, who' honor 
and respect him for his many noble qualities. 

ALLACE R. DAGGETT, one of Ot- 
tumwa' s most progressive business 
men, is cashier of the Iowa Na- 
tional Bank, of Ottumwa. He was 
born in Ottumwa in 1863 and is a son of Will- 
iam Daggett, now deceased, who was vice- 
president of the Iowa National Bank, of Ot- 
tumwa, and a prominent business man of the 

Wallace R. Daggett was reared and pri- 
marily educated in Ottumwa, taking a col- 
legiate course at Andover, Massachusetts, and 
a business course at Poughkeepsie, New York. 
He has always followed the banking business, 
and after leaving school was at several differ- 
ent places before locating here. He was cash- 
ier of a bank at Englewood, Kansas, about 
three years, and then went to North Carolina 
and accepted the presidency of the First Na- 
tional Bank at Mount Airy, a position he filled 
until the spring of 1894, \vhen he resigned. He 
spent about a year looking up a place to lo- 
•cate, and passed a portion of this time at 
Eureka Springs, Arkansas. In 1895, he ac- 

cepted the position of assistant cashier of the 
Iowa National Bank of Ottumwa, and was 
made cashier in the spring of 1900, an office he 
has filled in a highly satisfactory manner. He 
is also president of the Iowa Steam Laundry 
Company, of Ottumwa, a flourishing concern, 
and secretary of the Janney Manufacturing 
Company of Ottumwa, one of the most exten- 
sive and best ecjuipped plants in the United 
States for the manufacture of agricultural im- 
plements. ' 

Mr. Daggett was joined in matrimony with 
Male Beach, a daughter of J. H. Beach, secre- 
tary and treasurer of the, Iowa Steam Laundry 
Company, located at 218 South Market street. 
Mr. and Mrs. Daggett ha\'e two children, Gen- 
e\"i£ve and Ruth. Politically Mr. Daggett is a 
Republican and has served in the capacity of 
alderman. He is a member of several fraternal 
insurance orders. In religious views he is an 
Episcopalian. He has a very comfortable home 
at No. 30,4 East Fifth street. 

LAUDE M. MYERS, proprietor of 
a large wholesale and retail ice cream 
and confectionery store on Second 
street, Ottumwa, Iowa, is a descend- 
ant of one of the pioneer settlers of Wapello 
county. He was born in Agency township, 
Wapello county, in 1865, and is a son of Chris- 
topher and Martha E. Myers. 

Christopher Myers was an early settler of 
Iowa, where he located in 1845. He is now a 
member of the Ottumwa police department. 




He had three children, one of whom is de- 
ceased. Another, Mrs. C. H. Sage, lives in 

Claude M. Myers, the subject of this sketch, 
Avas reared at Agency, Iowa, where he re- 
mained until 1882. While there he assisted his 
father in the confectionery business, and in 
July, 1882, moved to Ottumwa, where he en- 
tered the same business as clerk for J. J. 
Bowles, on Main street, after which he had 
charge of his branch store on Second street. 
He remained with him for seven years. He 
afterward bought this gentleman's stock and 
continued business for himself at that stand. 
After several months he located' on Second 
street, where he has since conducted his busi- 
ness. His store is centrally situated and has 
been enlarged to accommodate his constantly 
increasing business. It is now 100 feet deep 
by 20 feet wide. Mr. Myers makes a specialty 
of ice cream, having the leading trade of the 
city, and largely supplying this section of Iowa 
and northern Missouri. He has a general con- 
fectionery, cigar and fruit store, with the rear 
of the building fitted with modern improve- 
ments for the manufacture of ice cream. He 
employs four men in that department, and five 
clerks are kept busy in the front part of the, 
building, attending to the throng of customers 
to be found patronizing the store, especially in 
the hot season. The average daily output, dur- 
ing the ice cream season, is 175 gallons. Mr. 
Myers is a young business man, and by close 
application to business and careful manage- 
ment has attained a degree of success which 

many men of more mature years are still striv- 
ing for. 

Mr. Myers is at present serving his second 
term as alderman of the third ward. He is a 
trustee of the local library board, of which S. 
P. Hartman is secretary. Fraternally he is a 
Mason, and has advanced through intermediate 
orders to the Shrine. He is also a member of 
the Royal Arcanum, Elks and Pilgrims. In 
religious views he is liberal. 


who has worked extensively through- 
out this and foreign countries, is the 
leading contractor in brick and stone 
construction in Ottumwa, Iowa. He was born 
at London, England, March 11, 1838. 

Mr. Withall served an apprenticeship of 
seven j^ears (from the age of fourteen to twen- 
ty-one years) as a bricklayer, and soon after 
diis became general foreman for George ]Mun- 
d)-, contractor and builder. He came to this 
country, en route to San Franciscoi and Aus- 
tralia, but meeting with friends at Brooklyn 
he remained there for a time and engaged in 
\\'orking at his trade. He first landed in New 
York in August, 1867, and worked at Brook- 
lyn, Williamsburg and also in New England,, 
where he ei\gaged in contract \i'ork. In 1869 
he was at Columbus, Ohio, where he put in a 
sewer on a sub-contract, and dfter its com- 
pletion went south to Chattanooga, where he 
built the Slocum Iron Works and several other 
large structures. In the spring of 1873 he 



built the Iron AVorks at Rising Fawn, Georgia, 
which is a very large establishment. In the 
fall of 1875 he went to Indianapolis, Indiana, 
where he remained one season at work on dif- 
ferent buildings. In February, 1876, he re- 
turned to England and worked at different 
places in that country and Scotland, — building 
the St. Enoch's Square Depot. He next went 
to Wrexham, North Wales, and worked on the 
construction of barracks for four months, hav- 
ing a sub-contract. He then went to Birming- 
ham, England, worked on several buildings, 
and became general foreman for Surman & 
Sons. He remained in that city about eight- 
een months, in all, during which time he built 
Asten's button factory. In 1877 he and his 
family returned to America on the steamship 
"Indiana," the one on which General Grant 
made his trip to England. He returned to In- 
dianapolis and was engaged there until 1879, 
when he came to Ottumwa, Iowa. He first 
located at River View, where he rented 40 
acres of land and manufactured brick for two 
years. His first Ottumwa contract was for 
John Morrell & Company, Limited; then he 
built the AA^ood Block, where he placed the first 
pressed brick front in the city. He purchased 
the Joseph Hayne place adjoining the packing 
house grounds; it consisted of 25 acres, on 
which he manufactured bricks. He built the 
First National Bank, the St. Lcuis store build- 
ing, the Baptist and Presbyterian churches, the 
Reed House (now the Park Hotel), and was 
superintendent and director of the Ottumwa 
Coal Palace. Together with Peter Ballingall, 
he superintended the taking down of the Coal 

Palace during 1 890-1 891. He built the Haw 
and AA-^yman & Rand buildings, also T. D. 
Foster's residence. He has attained a high de- 
gree of perfection in his work, enjoys a 23restige 
such as no other contractor in the county has, 
and secures the contracts for most of the heavy 
structures in the vicinity of Ottumwa. He is 
at present one of the trustees and also super- 
intendent of construction, of the Carnegie 
library building, located near the court house, 
for which library building Andrew Carnegie 
donated $50,000. He also had the contract for 
the main sewer of Ottumwa. He owns two 
large houses on Union and Second streets and 
resides in the corner house. It is a fine 12-room 
house, with a fireplace in each room, and the 
lower floor is laid with tile 12 inches square, 
over concrete. The heat is furnished by a hot 
water plant. It is supplied with electric light, 
and is modern in every particular. 

At the age of twenty-one years Mr. AVithall 
was united in marriage with Mary Davis, who 
was born in South Wales and reared in Bir- 
mingham, England. They are the parents of 
the following children: Elizabeth Mary (Mrs. 
H. A. Lewis), of Ottumwa, whose husband is 
in the employ of the Globe Tea Company, and 
who has four children, — AA''arren, who lives 
with Mr. AVithall, Katie, Mary Elizabeth and 
Margaret; Eleanor (Mrs. Harvey Davis), of 
Keokuk, whose husband represents the G. H. 
Hammond Packing Company; and Catherine, 
who died three months after the family located 
at Ottumwa, aged seventeen years and three 
months, and who is buried at Ottumwa. Po- 
litically Mr. AA^ithall has always been a member 



of the Republican party. During the Crimean 
War Mr. Withall was on the Mediterranean 
Sea (in 1855 and 1856), and participated in 
the struggle against Russia. Fraternally he is 
a Mason of high standing, being high priest of 
Chapter No. 9, R. A. M; prelate of Ottumwa 
Commandery, K. T., and a member of Daven- 
port Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. Mrs. Withall 
is past worthy matron of the Chapter of the 
Order of the Eastern Star. Religiously both 
are members of the Episcopal church, of which 
Mr. Withall is a vestryman. A portrait of the 
subject of this sketch appears on a foregoing 

T. HARPER, Jr., president of 
the wholesale drug house of J. W. 
Edgerly & Company, of Ottumwa, 
was born in this city in 1868, and 
is a son of W. T. and Jennie (Shaul) Harper. 
W. T. Harper, Sr., came from JNIuskingum 
county, Ohio, to Ottumwa in 1854. In 1861, 
or 1862 he became a member of the firm o? 
Taylor, Blake & Company, wholesale and re- 
tail dealers in drugs, on Main street, where 
the St. Louis Store now stands. In 1875, with 
William Daggett, he organized the firm of 
Daggett & Harper, and put in operation the 
linseed oil mill. That firm continued until 
January i, 1886, when his partner retired, and, 
J. AV. Edgerly purchasing an interest, the firm 
became W. T. Harper & Company. The firm 
was incorporated in 1887 as the Ottumwa Lin- 
seed Oil Company, and soon after was bought 
out by the National Linseed Oil Company, on 

January i, 1888. Mr. Harper continued as 
manager of this company until January i, 1899, 
when he retired from active business. In 1888 
associated with Mr. Edgerly and C. F. Harlan, 
who died in May, 1893, he bought the whole- 
sale drug business of Blake, Bruce & Company, 
and the firm of J. W. Edgerly & Company re- 
sulted. Three additions have since been made 
to the building occupied by the concern, and 
its present cjuarters are 100 feet deep, with 
three fronts. They now do an exclusively 
wholesale business. Mr. Harper was a silent 
partner, and Mr. Edgerly acted as manager 
until his death, in 1894. In January, 1895!, 
the firm was incorporated, Mr. Hai'per being 
elected president, which office he maintained 
until his death, in 1894. In January, 1895, 
sixty-seven years. New officers were then 
elected, with the subject hereof as president, 
and Dr. Edgerly as secretary and treasurer. 
W. T. Harper, Sr., was first married to Jennie 
Shaul, who died at Ottumwa, leaving two chil- 
dren : Mrs. Edward A. Jones, now of Helena, 
Montana ; and AV. T., Jr. Mr. Harper formed 
a second marital union at Ottumwa, wedding- 
Mary E. Knight, who resides in this city. 
They reared four children, as follows : Harry 
C, foreman for J. AA'. Edgerly & Company; 
Ralph S., who is in the employ of J. AA' Edg- 
erly & Company; Charles K. ; and Mary E. 
Mr. Harper had built a fine home at 1008 
North Court street. 

AA^ T. Harper, Jr., graduated from the 
schools of Ottumwa in 1884, and then attended 
the State Agricultural College at Ames one 
year and the State University of Iowa at Iowa 



City for one year. In January, 1886, he be- 
came bookkeeper for his father in the hnseed 
oil mih and continued until February, 1890. 
He then accepted a position in the office of 
J. AV. Edgerly & Company as bill clerk, and 
one year later represented the firm on the road 
for a year. In June, 1892, he became assist- 
ant to Mr. Harlan, the buyer of the firm., and 
upon the decease of the latter becaine buyer, in 
May, 1893. On the death of J. W. Edgerly, 
in 1894, the management of the business de- 
volved upon A. S. Udell, Dr. E. T. Edgerly 
and W. T. Harper, Jr. Since the present firm 
has Existed there has been a wonderful increase 
in business, and six traveling representatives 
are employed, covering all the territory west 
of the Missouri River, Northern Missouri, and 
also the Iowa Central and Ruthven Branch of 
the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railwa}-. 
About 20 people are employed in the building, 
in addition to two bookkeepers and a man in 
charge of the city department. 

Mr. Harper was united in marriage, in 
Denver, tO' Alice Beamen, a daughter of D. C. 
and L. A. Beamen, formerly residents of Ot- 
tumwa and of Van Buren county, Iowa. D. C. 
Beamen was a prominent attorney-at-law. 
Mrs. Harper was born in Van Buren county in 
1866, and removed with her parents to Ot- 
tumwa in 1883, and to Denver in 1888, where 
her father still resides, being general attorney 
of the Colorado Fuel and Iron 'Company. 
They have two children, Ruth and Dorothy. 
In politics Mr. Harper is a Republican. He 
resides at No. 1041 North Court street, Ot- 
tumwa, where he erected a comfortable home. 

iV. JOHN M. McELROY, the pioneer 
Presbyterian minister of Ottumwa, 
Iowa, is a native of Ohio, and was 
born near Greenfield, January 21, 
1830. His parents, Ebenezer and Sarah Mc- 
Eh'oy, nati^-es of Pennsylvania and of Scotch- 
Irish descent, located in Chillicothe, Ohio, in 
1813. Two or three years later they removed 
to their new home in the timber, four miles 
from Greenfield, which proved to be their per- 
manent residence. Six ,of their 10 children 
lived to be heads of families, of whom John M. 
was the youngest. 

During boyhood days John M. McElroy at- 
tended a three-months' district school in the 
winter, and worked on the farm in the summer. 
At the age of fifteen years he entered the 
classical academy at South Salem, which he at-^ 
tended about four years, and in 1849 he entered 
the junior class at Jefferson College, Penn- 
sylvania, where he graduated in a class of 52 
members in the year 1851. The next two 
years he was a teacher in Dr. Donaldson's- 
Academy at Elders Ridge, Pennsylvania, giv- 
ing some attention also tO' theological studies. 
The two years following were spent in the 
study of theology at Princeton, New Jersey. 
He was licensed by the presbytery of Chilli- 
cothe June 6, 1855, and soon after came tO' 
Iowa, accepting an invitation to take charge 
of the recently organized church in Ottumwa. 
He was married September 11, 1855, at Mur- 
rysville, Pennsylvania, to Agnes Greer, who is 
still by his side. He was ordained by the Des 
Moines presbytery ' in the Congregational' 
church building in Ottumwa, which stood at 



the corner of Second and Court streets, De- 
cember 6, 1855. The infant church, of which 
he took charge, had no liouse of worship and 
no Sunday-school. The roll of members num- 
bered 23, half of them living eight miles away, 
and only four residing in town. Gradually a 
congregation was gathered and a small church 
building was erected and occupied at what is 
now No. 308 East Fourth street. Services 
were held at various places throughout the 
county, in every village, in many school houses 
and .also in private houses, groves and barns. 
A good many hindrances were encountered, 
hard times, floods, crop failures, and at length, 
the Civil AVar. The pastor continued his work 
and in 1866 dedicated a good and commodious 
house of worship at Fourth and Green streets, 
now the Second Baptist church. Soon after he 
found himself broken in health and oppressed 
with failure of hearing, which led to his resig- 
nation in 1869. In 1870 he moved to Batavia, 
Iowa, where he was pastor thirteen years, the 
churches of Kirksville and Libertyville sharing 
a part of his labors. The western migration 
fever, which prevailed all over the country, 
appeared in violent form at Batavia, and car- 
ried away three-fourths of his flock to various 
points in the West. This induced his resigna- 
tion and return to his old home and residence 
in Ottumwa. In 1885 he was invited to try 
the experiment of holding services in the new 
chapel which T. D. Foster had erected near the 
packing house for the Sunday-school. There 
he met with much encouragement, organized a 
church of over 100 members and continued his 
work about six years. Since 1891 he has had 


no pastoral charge, — several attacks of "la- 
grippe," together with total loss of hearing, 
making his retirement necessary. He has, 
however, frecjuent calls for ministerial service, 
and is always ready, so far as able, to respond. 

Mr. McElroy has had extensi\'e experience 
in educational work. He was active in organiz- 
ing the earliest teachers" institute known in 
central Pennsylvania, and also in the first in- 
stitute held in Wapello county. He was county 
superintendent of schools in 1864-65, and made 
the first official visitation of the schools of the 
county. He was for five years principal of 
the Ottumwa Male and Female Seminary. He 
has been a frec[uent contributor to the local 
press, and also to the religious press. He at- 
tended a reunion of his college class at Wash- 
ington, Pennsylvania, in 1881, and read a class 
history, which was afterward printed in Chica- 
go. On that occasion his alma mater conferred 
on him the honorary title of D. D. In 1899 he 
published a small \-olume entitled "Aljby B\ram 
and her Father. Indian Captives," a true story 
of Revolutionary times. On the first da}- of the 
twentieth century he placed in the hands of the 
printer the manuscript of a work entitled 
"Scotch-Irish McElroys in .Vnierica," which 
will be issued shortly Ijv the Fort Orange Press, 
Albany, New York, and is a work of special in- 
terest ti) those bearing the ^IcElruy name. 
Dr. McElroy has usually voted with the Re- 
publicans, but has never been a politician. His 
friends are many and his enemies few. 

Mrs. ?\IcElroy is a descendant of John and 
Priscilla Alden, and has been a faithful and 
efficient helper to her husband, and an import- 



ant factor in whatever of good he has accom- 
pHshed. They have four children, as follows : 
Addison H., who is married and has two chil- 
dren, William T. and Maude Agnes, who lives 
in Ottumwa, but is at present employed in Chi- 
cago; Abby, secretary of the Young \A'omen's 
Christian Association at Nashville, Tennessee; 
Mary, secretary of the Harlem. Young 
Women's Christian Association in New York 
City; and Jennie, wife of Dr. E. R. Beard, of 
Liberty, Indiana. 

W. GARNER is an extensive whole- 
sale dry-goods dealer of Ottumwa. 
He was burn in Franklin, Warren 
county, Ohio, in 1846, and is a son of 
J. Wesley and Anna J\I. (Hausel) Garner. 

J. Wesley Garner was born in AVarren 
•county, Ohio, and became a member of the 
■dental profession. In 1858 he moved with his 
familv to Ottumwa, Iowa, and in 1859 located 
at Blount Pleasant, Iowa, where he was living 
at the time of his death. ITe married Anna M. 
Hausel, and they reared three sons and four 

J. W. Garner has resided in Ottumwa since 
1858; in that year he began his business ca- 
reer by entering the employ of Thomas Devin 
& Sons, wholesale dry-goods merchants, in the 
capacitv of clerk. He remained with them for 
nine ^■ears. In 1869 their stock was partially 
destroyed by fire and the residue was purchased 
by ^Ir. Garner, and formed thf nucleus of his 
present business. He first began operations 
under the firm name of J. \Y. Garner & Com- 

pany, but in 1 88 1 it was changed to Lawrence 
& Chambers, and in 1882 to Lawrence & Gar- 
ner; the title then remained unchanged until 
1 89 1, when it became J. W. Garner again. He 
started in a small way, supplying only a few 
merchants in Ottumwa and vicinity ; at present 
he employs four traveling salesmen and num- 
bers his customers by the hundreds. The whole- 
sale house is located at No. 108-116 Market 
street, and is filled with one of the finest and 
most complete lines of dry goods, notions, un- 
derwear and gentlemen's furnishings to be 
found anywhere. He is a liberal contributor to 
any and all enterprises which have for their 
object the advancement of the interests of Ot- 
tumwa. He was one of the original stock- 
holders in the Ottumwa Sa\'ings Bank and has 
been a director for many years ; he is treas- 
urer of the Grand Opera House Company, 
the Ottumwa Artesian AVell Company and 
the Ottumwa Electric & Steam Power Com- 
pany, and is a member of the Wapello Club. 
Mr. Garner was united in marriage with 
Mary Y. Yarnell, of AVestchester, Pennsyl- 
vania, and they have six children, as follows : 
Laura H., Edna E. (Kerns), H. AV.. C. L., 
Blanche V., and Alary E. Religiously he and 
his family are members of the Episcopal 

AMES A CAAIPBELL, who has served 
in the capacity of state mine inspector 
since 1894, has been identified with the 
mining business ever since his child- 
hood, and has been located at Ottumwa, Iowa, 



since 1885. He was born in AVarren county, 
Illinois, July 4, 1865, and is a son of Ira G. 
and Dovey E. (Reynolds) Campbell. 

Ira G. Campbell was born in Pennsylvania 
May I, 1826, and came west after his marriage, 
settling in Warren county, Illinois, where he 
remained until 1868. He then moved to Albia, 
Monroe county, Iowa, where he is residing at 
the present time. He married Dovey E. Rey- 
nolds, of Warren county, Illinois. She was 
born there May 13, 1826. They became par- 
ents of 1 1 children, of whom four are now liv- 
ing, namely: Mary (Ewart), of Scammon, 
Kansas: Maggie J. (Mneor), of Foster, Iowa; 
James A. ; and William B., of Albia, Iowa. Ira 
G. Campbell is an active worker in the Presby- 
terian church, of which he is a member. He 
is a Republican in politics. He enlisted for 
service during the Civil War, August 17, 1861, 
in Company B, 83d Reg., Illinois Vol. Inf., and 
was in Company F, 148th Reg., Illinois Vol. 
Inf., when discharged on September 3, 1865. 

James A. Campbell was but nine years of 
age when he entered the Cedar Valley coal 
mines as trapper, and he has ever since been 
engaged in the mining business, with the excep-. 
tion of one year. He came I0 Ottumwa in 
1885 and in 1894 received the appointment to 
the office of state mine inspector from Goverm ir 
Jackson, — an office which he is eminently qual- 
ified to fill. He was reappointed by Go\'ernor 
Drake in April, 1896, and in 1898 and 1900, 
by Governor Shaw. He is a faithful, painstak- 
ing, careful and competent official, prompt and 
industrious in the performance of his duties, 
and is recognized by all as a most excellent 

mine inspector. He is one of Ottumwa's most 
energetic and progressive citizens, a man of 
integrity and a pleasant, comi>anionable gentle- 
man. He is deservedly popular with all who 
know him, and by his energy and -ability has 
risen to a position of high responsibility. 

Mr. Campbell was united in marriage on 
September 29, 1887, with Blanche E. Cald- 
well, of Ottumwa, a daughter of Paris Cald- 
well, a record of whose life appears elsewhere 
in this volume. This union resulted in three 
children : Paris G., LeRoy S. and Frank Jack- 
son. Mr. Campbell is a member of Lodge No. 
12, Uniform Rank, K. of P.; Lodge No. 230, 
I. O. O. F.; Tribe No. 19, I. O. R. M. ; AVa- 
pello Court, No. 14, Foresters; and Hickory 
Camp, No. 31, AA'oodmen of the AVorld. Re- 
ligiously he attends the Presbyterian church, of 
which he is a member. 

EXRY SCHMIDT, the efficient chief 
of the fire department in Ottumwa, 
AA'apello county, Iowa, is the fourth 
child of Bernard Schmidt, and was 
born September 15, 1874, in Ottumwa. His 
^mother was Katrina Stuckleman Schmidt; 
after her death, Bernard Schmidt married 
Elizabeth Dunnebrink. Bernard Schmidt is 
a well known brickmaker of Ottumwa. 

Henry Schmidt attended St. John's paroch- 
ial school, after which he entered the fire de- 
partment, holding the position of pipeman. 
This was in 1899, and three months after en- 
tering the department he was promoted to 



tlie position of assistant chief, under Chief 
Richards. For his efficiency and many other 
commendable quahties, the young man was ap- 
pointed by the council as chief of the Ottumwa 
Fire Department, April 4, 1901. During his 
incumbency he has been active and diligent 
in his duties, and has made a record that stands 
out prominently as worthy of the highest com- 
mendation. The first year he served in the 
department, there were 104 fires, the second 
year, 106, and for the first three months since 
he has been at the head of the department, he 
has battled with 49 fires, many of them disas- 
trous ones. He is probabl}- the youngest fire de- 
partment chief in the state, in a city as promi- 
nent as Ottumwa, and the authorities respon- 
sible for his appointment and the citizens gen- 
erally are proud of him and the record he has 

Mr. Schmidt is a member of the Catholic 
church. Politically, he is a Democrat. 

to Ottumwa in 1848, in company 
with ■Majnr Donelson, Major Mc- 
jlenomy and Charles Handserker, 
the latter ha\-ing been for some time collector 
of tolls en the Wabash & Erie Canal. These 
four tra\'eled from Covington, Lidiana, in a 
carriage of their own and stopped in the hotel 
in Ottumwa then kept by James Hawley, Sr. ; 
they remained there a month and returned to 
Covington, but came back to Ottumwa in the 
fall of 185 1. In the spring of 1852, John S. 

W^ood and others, organized a party to go to 
California; they equipped with convenient 
wagons, well laden with provisions and drawn 
by oxen. Mr. Wood remained in California 
until 1855, when he returned to Ottumwa, and 
has since made the city his home. The family 
of Major Wood, however, has for several years 
lived on the ranch owned by Mr. and Mrs. 
Wood, situated near Livingston, Montana, 
where the Major spends his recreation days. 

John S. Wood assisted in organizing the 
7th Reg., Iowa Vol. Cav., of which S. W. 
Summers was colonel and T. J. Potter, ser- 
geant major. Subsequently. Mr. Potter be- 
came adjutant of the regiment and when John 
S. Wood was promoted to be major of the regi- 
ment, ]\Ir. Potter succeeded to the place made 
vacant by Wood's promotion and became cap- 
tain of Company A. The 7th Reg., Iowa Vol. 
Cav., rendezvoused at Ottumwa in the fall of 
1862, and remained in camp which was on the 
ri\-er bottom, near where the starch mill was lo- 
cated, until February, 1863, and was at that 
time ordered to Camp Hendershott, at Daven- 
P'Ort ; he was in command of Camp Hendershott 
for a time and was there mustered in as major 
and assigned to the command of the Third Bat- 
talion. He was in active service against the 
hostile Indians of the plains, in the meantime 
acting as commander of the post of Fort 
Kearne}', in 1863- 1864, and until he assumed 
command of the post at Fort Laramie, in June, 
1864, remaining there until mustered out in 
April, 1865. He was mustered out because the 
number of men in his regiment had fallen below 
the minimum. 




j\Ir. Wood has been a busy man all his life; 
he was deputy sheriff of Wapello county in 
1856; city marshal of Ottumwa in 1867-68-69, 
and from 1871 to 1874 was in the employ of 
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, 
as adjusting agent. He was appointed agent 
.of the Blackfeet and Piegan Indians, with 
headcjuarters at Teton, on the Teton River, 60 
miles north of Fort Shaw, and served in that 
capacity from 1874 to 1876, when he re- 
signed, returning to Ottumwa, and again en- 
tered into the service of the Chicago, Burling- 
ton & Quincy Railroad, acting as adjusting 
agent and charged with many other important 
interests. The length of his service indicates 
that the great corporation appreciates him as a 
man and an officer. 

Major John Stuart Wood comes of good 
stock, as the name Stuart indicates. He was 
an intrepid officer during the Civil War, brave 
and daring, and very efficient as a post com- 
mander. He appears n(jw as in the best of 
health, and vigor, and \-ery energetic in his 

J. BULLOCK, a prominent business 
man of Ottumwa, A\''apello count)-, 
Iowa, whose portrait is shown here- 
with, is superintendent of the pack- 
ing establishment of John jMorrell & Company, 
Limited. H^e was born in Gloucestershire, 
England, in 1856, and is a son of John Bul- 

John Bullock came to America when F. J. 
was young and first located in St. Louis, but 

later removed to Canada. Throughout his en- 
tire life he was engaged in the butcher business. 
He was killed by a train at Iowa avenue 
crossing, Ottumwa, in 1897, at the age of six- 
ty-four )'ears. He was united in marriage with 
Frances James, \\ho resides at London, On- 
tario, and they had six children, as follows : 
F. J., the subject of this biography ; and Susan, 
Frances, Bella, Emma and .-VHce, who reside 
in or near London, Ontario. 

F. J. Bullock was reared in Canada and mar- 
ried there. He learned the trade of a butcher 
with his father, and in 1870 first became identi- 
fied with John ^^torrell & Company, Limited, at 
Chicago. In 1877 he moxefl with that firm to 
Ottumwa, Iowa, where they loc-ited their plant, 
and worked in the cutting and killing depart- 
ment. His next task was as inspector of for- 
eign meats and he worked alsu in other de- 
partments, thus becoming an all-around man. 
He was subsequently placed in charge of the 
smoked meat department, and then made fore- 
man of the killing and cutting gang. He was 
next returned to his former position in charge 
of the smoked meat department, where he con- 
tinued until just before the fire in 1891. He 
then assumed the duties of f( ireman of the for- 
eign package department, having charge of all 
meat shipped and exported. He filled this re- 
sponsible position until Xo\'ember, 1899, when 
he succeeded Mr. Henneberry as superintend- 
ent of the- entire plant. He has charge of all 
foremen, employes and departments, with the 
exception of the main office, and the duties of 
his position are many and important. He is 
ably assisted by a good corps of foremen, who 



employ and manage their own men. The larg- 
est force is employed in the killing and cutting 
departments, of which AVilliam O'Malley is 
foreman. The other departments and the men 
in charge as as follows : A. R. Brown, for- 
eign package department ; John Breaky, curing 
department; L. A. Darlington, chief engineer 
of machine and blacksmith shops; Ernest 
Manns, in charge of the lard r^ifinery; Robert 
McDugle, of the smoke house ; A. B. Osier, of 
the j ebbing and shipping department ; James 
Trenman, outside or roustabout foreman ; N. T. 
Sleight, of the cooper department; VVilUam 
Jennings, of the carpentering department; 
Peter Johnson, car inspector and foreman of 
the repair gang, which keeps in order the i8o 
Morrell Refrigerator Line cars ; Mike Moffitt, 
of the box shop; Major Spillman, of the stock 
yards; Neville Glew,. of the pickled meat de- 
partment ; Charles Freeman, of the tierce gang ; 
Charles Langdale, of the painting department ; 
John Allott, of the beef killing department ; and 
Fred Heller, of the fertilizing department. It 
is one of the largest concerns of the kind in the 
country and ships meats to all parts of this 
country and also to foreign markets. Besides 
its own cars it uses many belonging to the vari- 
ous railroad companies. 

Mr. Bullock was united in marriage at Lon- 
don, Canada, to Mary Humphrey, who was 
born there in 1857. They have six children: 
Charles, William, Frances, Fied, John and 
Mary. They were all christened in the Epis- 
copal church, in which their parents were mar- 
ried. Mr. Bullock's family were Episcopalians, 
while his wife's family were Presbyterians. In 

politics he is an independent Republican. Fra- 
ternally he is a member of the Modern Wood- 
men of America. He has a very pleasantly 
located home in the first ward of Ottumwa. 

R. JAMES NOSLER, deceased, for 
many years a prominent physician 
and surgeon of Eddyville, Wapello 
county, Iowa, was born in West Vir- 
ginia, and reared in East Tennessee, where his 
early education was obtained. He later moved 
to Indiana, where he read medicine and, like 
many of the physicians of that early period, 
commenced the practice of his profession. 
After completing his medical reading, he be- 
came a very prominent man ir the profession 
and practiced in Putnam county, Indiana, until 
May, 1846. He then moved west, and located 
in Eddyville, with his family. He acquired a 
large and lucrative practice in Monroe, Ma- 
haska and Wapello counties, and many of the 
citizens of Eddyville remember his kindly min- 
istrations. He was universally liked for his 
excellent traits of character, and his death was 
sincerely mourned by his acquaintances and 
friends in the three counties in which he had 
spent so many years in practice. He was never 
known to refuse a patient, even wheii he knew 
full well he would receive no remuneration for 
his services. In the early history of Eddyville, 
he was very enthusiastic in a mo^•e to make the 
Des Moines River navigable, and was one of a 
committee formed to promote that scheme. 
The railroad at that time had its terminal at 



Eddyville, and all freight was carried overland, 
as far west as Omaha, as far north as 150 miles, 
and as far south. He took a great interest in 
any movement likely to advance the prosperity 
of the community. 

Dr. Nosier was united in marriage, in In- 
diana, with Jemima Moore, a native of Ken- 
tucky. To this union the following children 
were born who lived to maturity : Martha A. ; 
Thomas M. ; Mary J. ; Irene ; Armilda C. ; and 
Sarah E. and Henry C, twins. All are now 
living but the first named. There were two 
children, not here named, who died in their in- 
fancy. In religious belief, they were Method- 
ists. Mrs. Nosier died, and the Doctor formed 
a second union, Sarah Nelson, who is also de- 
ceased, becoming his wife. Dr. Nosier was 
first a Whig, in politics, and later a stanch Re- 
publican. While living in Indiana, he served 
in the capacity of sheriff of Putnam county. 

Henry C. Nosier, the youngest son of Dr. 
James Nosier, was born in 1843, and was but 
three -years of age when he was brought by his 
parents to Wapello county, Iowa. He re- 
ceived his early educational training in the 
common schools, and was attending college at 
Mount Pleasant, Iowa, when the Civil War 
broke out. He left the class room and en- 
listed in Company I, 7th Reg. Iowa Vol. Inf., 
under Captain Ir\-in. The regiment was as- 
signed to the First Brigade of Grant's army, 
and was engaged in the first battle fought by 
that general, at Belmont, Missouri. He was 
discharged because of disability, in 1862, but 
reenlisted in Company F, rSth Reg., Iowa Vol. 
Inf., serving as second lieutenant. Pie re- 

signed in November, 1862, and returned to 
Wapello county, where he entered the employ 
of the United States Express Company, as 
messenger on a stage route. He was trans- 
ferred to Illinois, where he remained for ten 
years, and then, in 1875, went into the ice 
business, which he carried on for a period of 
seven years. In 1882, he returned to the em- 
ploy of the United States Express Company, 
as agent at Ottumwa. He joined the Masonic 
fraternity in 1873, becoming a member of Em- 
pire Lodge at Pekin, Illinois. He joined Ot- 
tumwa Lodg'e, No. 16, of the same order, and 
belongs to Malta Commandery No. 31, of Ot- 
tumwa. He is a member of the G. A. R. Po- 
litically, he is affiliated with the Republican 

known educator of Wapello county, 
Iowa, is the principal of the High- 
land Center schools, an official posi- 
tion he has maintained in a most creditable 
manner since 1897. He was born in Jay coun- 
ty, Indiana, August i, 1870, and is a son of 
Augustus and Keziah W (Mills) Bosworth. 
Augustus Bosworth was born in Gallia 
cnunt}", Ohio, in 1820, and now lives on his 
farm near Portland, Indiana. He married 
Keziah AV. A J ills, who' was born in AA'arren 
county, Ohio, in 1827, and was a daughter of 
Michael and Elizabeth Mills. They were 
married in 1843, and to. them were born 
nine children, as follows : Marcus, Laura and 
Ruth, deceased ; Sarah ; Eli ; Homer ; Anthony 5 



Cyrus, deceased ; and Charles. Mrs. Bosworth 
died in 1898, at tlie age of seventy-one years, 
and she Hes buried in the cemetery at Sala- 
monia, Lidiana. 

Charles A. Bosworth attended the Eastern 
Lidiana Normal School two years, and taught 
school in Indiana for some time. He came 
to W'apello county, Iowa, in March, 1890. He 
completed the Wapello County Teachers' 
normal course, and received his diploma, in 
1897. The first examination he took in Iowa 
was under Superintendent George Phillips, at 
which he received a first-class certificate, and 
has held a certificate of that grade since 
that time. He took a course in the .Ottumwa 
Business College, in 1893, and then accepted 
a position with John Morrell & Compan)-, 
Ltd., as assistant cashier and paymaster. He 
continued in that capacity for a year and a 
half and then, in the fall of 1895, resigned 
to accept the position of principal of the Dahl- 
onega schools. In 1897, he was tendered the 
position of principal of the Highland Center 
schdi.ils, which he accepted. He has held this 
positicn for four years and is now ser\'ing 
his fifth )-ear, Avhich closes in 1902. Plis wife 
is his able assistant in the Highland Center 
schools, having charge of the primary depart- 
ment. She is a graduate of the normal depart- 
ment of the Ottumwa Business College, ha^'- 
ing received her diploma in !\Iay, 1897. 

Of the eight children comprising the Bos- 
worth family who reached maturity, there is 
but one who has not been a teacher, and all 
have been successful in their chosen vocation. 
Three of them have gone into the ministry. 

viz : Homer, pastor of the Christian church 
at Salamonia, Indiana; Anthony, pastor of 
the First Christian church at Montpelier, In- 
diana ; and Cyrus, a minister of the Congrega- 
tional church, who, while finishing a course in 
college at ]\Ierom, Indiana, became sick and 
died in June, 1894. Marcus, the oldest brother, 
enlisted in the Civil war, in 1863, at Portland, 
Indiana, and was a member of Company B, 
nth Reg., Ind. Vol. Cav., in which he served 
until the close of hostilities. He spent the re- 
mainder of his life in school work, and, prior 
to his death, conducted a private school in one 
of Denver's suburbs. He died in 1895. 

Charles A. Bosworth was united in mar- 
riage June 10, 1894, with Nancy E. Reinier, 
a daughter of Thomas and Rhoda (Cobler) 
Reinier; they have one child, Thomas A., aged 
lour years. They are members of the High- 
land Center M. E. church. Mr. Bosworth is 
a member of the Modern AVoodmen of Amer- 
ica and is a charter member of Camp No. 
6873, Highland Center. Mrs. Bosworth is a 
charter member of Cedar Camp, No. 2327, 
Royal Neighbors of America, and has been one 
of its officers since its organization. Politi- 
cally, Mr. Bosworth is a Republican. 

AMES R. GREEN. This gentleman 
has been prominently identified with 
the growth and development of AA'^a- 
pello count}-, Iowa. He was born in 

Wapello county in 1855, and is a son of John 

and Elizabeth (Rollins) Green. 





John Green was born in Kentucky in 1808, 
and came to^ Iowa in 1851. He was a man of 
very large stature and attained the weight of 
286 pounds. He followed the occupation of 
a farmer most of his life, but in 1856 opened 
a hotel in Agency City, called the Quiet House, 
which he conducted for a period of ten years. 
In 1866 he sold his hotel and bought 176 acres 
of land a mile and a quarter southeast of 
Agency City, where he lived until 1878. He 
then sold his farm, and located in Clyde, Kan- 
sas. He married Elizabeth Rollins, who was 
a native of Indiana. They reared the follow- 
ing children: James R., the subject of this 
sketch; Marion, who is engaged in the hotel 
business in Colorado; Addison, who conducts 
a shoe store in Kansas City, Missouri ; Willie 
E., who is engaged in the grocery business in 
Nebraska; and Amanda L., deceased. 

James R. Green, the subject of this biog- 
raphy, lived in Kansas eleven months and 
then returned to Wapello county, where he 
bought his present farm in Aguicy township, 
one mile south of Agency City. He now owns 
70 acres of land in section 2, where he carries 
on general farming and poultry raising. His 
farm is well managed and kept in a very good 
condition and he has a thorough knowledge of 
agricultural m,atters. Mr. Green is always 
deeply interested in any movement which is for 
the good of the community in which he lives. 

Mr. Green married Amanda Ridings, who 
was born in Schuyler county, Illinois, in 1854. 
They have reared the following children, name- 
ly: Minnie, Mattie, Ida and Ray, who is an 
adopted son. Politically Mr. Green is a mem- 

ber of the Republican party. He belongs to 
the Modern Woodmen of America, Camp No. 
1800, of Agency City. Mr. Green and his fam- 
ily are members of the Congregational church. 

H. MILLER, a web known resi- 
dent of Ottumwa, Iowa, owns a 
valuable farm of 322 acres in 
iPleasant township, Wapello coun- 
ty. He was born in Union county, Indiana, 
December i, 1837, and is a son of Caleb and 
Mary (Bedell) Miller. 

Caleb Miller was born in Union county, In- 
diana, October 15, 1815, and followed farm- 
ing throughout his entire life. In 1839 he 
moved to Darke county, Ohio, where he re- 
sided seven years, when he located in Dahlone- 
ga township, Wapello county, Iowa, in the fall 
of 1846. Entering a claim, he followed farm- 
ing until his death, which occurred in 1874. 
He was a Republican in politics, served as 
justice of the peace for some Aears, and was 
on the school board of Dahlonega township 
for a number of years. Religiously he was a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
He was united in marriage with Mary Bedell, 
who was born in Indiana, in 181 7, and died 
in 1897. They reared six children, as follows : 
W. H., the subject of this biography ; Sarah E. ; 
John B. ; B. F. ; Mary C. ; and Clarence B. 

AV. H. Miller was a child of two years 
when his parents moved to Darke county, Ohio, 
and had attained the age of nine years when 
they located in Wapello county, in 1846. pTe 



resided with his father in Dahlonega township 
until 1864, when he moved to Pleasant town- 
ship. He engaged in agricultural pursuits with 
a great deal of success, and became the owner 
of 322 acres of fine farming land in that town- 
ship. He followed this occupation until 1899, 
when he moved to Ottumwa, leaving the farm 
to be worked by his two sons, L. E. and C. E. 
Miller, and son-in-law, E. L. Giltner. He was 
a careful manager, led an industrious life and 
accumulated a handsome competence, which 
will permit him to spend the remainder of his 
days in ease and comfort. 

Mr. Miller was united in marriage with 
Eady Cobler, who was born in Indiana in 1839 
and came to Wapello county, Iowa, with her 
parents in 1843. She is a daughter of the late 
Louis Cobler. This union resulted in the fol- 
lowing offspring: Louis E., Caleb E. and 
Mary J. (Giltner). Mrs. Miller is a member 
of the Christian church. 

Portraits of Mr., and Mrs. Miller are shown 
on preceding pages of this book, in proximity 
to this. 


M. EASTBURN. This gentleman is 
an extensive land owner, and a well- 
known farmer and stockbreeder, of 
Green township, A\'apello county, 
He has a farm of 200 acres of land in 
sections 7 and 18, township 71, range 14. Mr. 
Eastburn was born in Tippecanoe count\', In- 
diana, z\ugust 20, 1848, and is a son of Benja- 
min Eastburn. Benjamin Eastburn was of 
English descent, and all his life followed the 

occupation of a farmer. He owned 640 acres 
of land near Fremont, Iowa, which he pur- 
chased in 1852. He was highly respected by 
all, and his death was much mourned. 

B. M. Eastburn received more than an or- 
dinary education. He attended the Central 
University, in Marion county, Indiana, after 
finishing his studies in the common schools of 
his native county. In September, 1892, Air. 
Eastburn purchased his present home-farm of 
the Hendricks heirs. This land had been en- 
tered by Daniel Saunders, on a military land 
warrant issued in 1850. In 1855, the Hen- 
dricks heirs became possessed of the land and 
they in turn sold it to Mr. Eastburn. It was 
m a very poor condition, and the new owner 
set to work to bring it to its present state of 
cultivation. He seeded down the major por- 
tion of the land, bestowed upon it much care, 
and it was not long until great improvement 
was noticed. Most of the farm is fenced in 
N'. ith woven wire, and the houses and out- 
buildings are all large and convenient. 

Mr. Eastburn has always had a fancy for 
fast horses, and at one time owned a string of 
horses that became well known in Iowa for 
their trotting records. In 1894, Mr. East- 
burn and his son, Jesse, under the firm name 
of Eastburn & Son, began the collection of a 
stock of fine thoroughbred Chester-AA'hite hogs. 
These hogs have taken first and second pre- 
miums at the state fair and at the fair held in 
Eklon. The finest hog in his stock is named 
"Good Enough," its registered number being 
10,233 ' it is three yeears old, and weighs 835 
pounds. It took the first premium at the Iowa 



state fair in 1900. Mr. Eastburn had one hog 
whicli weiglied over one thousand pounds. He 
sells his three-month and four-month-old pigs 
at from $15 to $25 each, and last year sold 
$1,700 worth of this stock. Mr. Eastburn and 
his son also own a flock of 225 Shropshire 
sheep, (a good portion of them being 
registered ) , ' which they are placing ■ on the 
market. Mr. Eastburn is a man of much ex- 
ecutive ability, and has met with the great suc- 
cess which he has merited. 

Mr. Eastburn chose for his first \\ife, Anna 
E. Barnes, whom he married in 1868. She 
died in April, 1871, leaving one son, Fred B., 
who resides in Adams township. For his sec- 
ond wife, Mr. Eastburn married, in 1872, 
Amelia F. Baitsell, whO' was born in Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. She is a daughter of John Bait- 
sell, who was born in New York City,' and was 
a cooper by trade. P ■_ removed to Cincinnati, 
where he continued at his trade for some time, 
and came to Iowa in 1856. He then took up 
farming near Oskaloosa and remained there 
until 1864, when he sold his farm and pur- 
chased land near Fremont. He died there at 
the age of seventy-one years, honored by all 
who knew him. Jane Watkins Baitsell, the 
mother of Mrs. Eastburn was born in Wales, 
in 1 81 2, and was a highly educated and accom- 
plished woman. 

Mr. and Mrs. Eastburn ha^-e been the par- 
ents of the following children, namely': Jesse 
O., born in 1874, who assists his father in 
operating the farm; Ora Pearl, born in 1876, 
who is at home; Walter B., born in 1878, who 
died in 1894; and Emma Letha, born in 1879. 

who is also at home. The children have all 
received university educations, and the daugh- 
ters are accomplished musicians. 

Mr. Eastburn is a Republican in politics, 
and notwithstanding the fact that the neigh- 
borhood is Democratic, he was elected a school 
director four terms. He also served as town- 
ship trustee. The family attend the Baptist 
church in Ottumwa. 

ILS ABRAHAM, a native of Sweden,, 
was born in 1836. He owns three 
farms in Green township, W^apello 
county, Iowa, the first one being lo- 
cated on section 17, township 71, range 14, 
•and consisting of 80 acres; the second being 
located in section 16, township 71, range 14, 
md consisting of 40 acres; and the third be- 
ing located on sections 17, 19 and 20, town- 
ship 71, range 14, and consisting of 100 acres. 
He makes his home on the first named farm, 
and is engaged in diversified farming. 

Nils Abraham's father owned a small farm 
in Sweden, and as soon as Nils was old enough 
he was apprenticed to a man who ran a flour 
mill. He remained with him seventeen years, 
saving his w^ages. \\'hen he decided to come 
to this countr)', he was not obliged to come 
penniless. Mr. Abraham arrived in New York 
in 1868, and entered the employ of a railroad 
company. In 1876, he purchased the home 
farm of 80 acres. This was entirely covered 
with brush and timber, and a little log house 



itood on the place. This log house now stands 
by the side of the fine residence which Mr. 
Abraham erected. The barn and outbuilding's 
are large and modern, affording ample shelter 
for his cattle and grain. By dint of hard work 
and much frugality, Mr. Abraham has 
reached his present goal of success, each year 
marking an increase in his income. His three 
farms in Green township consist of 220 acre:; 
and aie kept in splendid condition. 

Mr. Abraham was married, in 1870, to 
Anna Ivunston, and they have three children, 
namely : Alfred, Selma and Emma. Politi- 
cally, the subject of this sketch is a Republican. 
Religiously, he is a member of the Lutheran 

E. PECK, who has one of the most 
commodious homes to be found 
throughout the countr)-, in AVapello 
county, Iowa, ]i\'es near the race- 
track in Center township, and also owns the 
tract on which the track is located. He was 
engaged successfully in general farming and 
berry-raising for many years, but at the pres- 
ent time rents his land to his son, Franklin. 
He was born October 7, 1832, in AA^estport, 
Connecticut, and is a son of Dennis H. Peck. 
Dennis H. Peck was born in Connecticut, 
and died at the age of seventy-three years. 
His grandfather was also a nati\-e of Con- 
necticut. On the side of his mother Mr. Peck 
is also descended from Eastern people, her 
ancestors having been located there for several 

H. E. Peck was reared at AA^estport, twenty- 
two miles from New Haven, Connecticut, until 
he reached his thirteenth year, when he ran 
away from home. He became a sailor before 
the mast, and rose in a comparatively short 
time to a trusted position, — one which some 
men never reach in the work of a lifetime. 
After one of the severe storms which are so 
frequent on the ocean, he was reported 
drowned, and when he finally landed he was 
sought out by his mother and induced to quit 
so hazardous an occupation. After these 
man)- )-ears of ocean life he obtained a position 
as engine-wiper, and through strict attention 
to business and natural ability was rapidly pro- 
moted. He was first made fireman, and then 
engineer, on the New Haven Railroad. Soon 
his services were sought by the Chicago & 
^lihvaukee Railroad Compan}-, for which he 
worked thirteen years. He was their most trust- 
ed man, and when any quick or extra hazardoii^ 
run had to be made he was the choice for en- 
gineman. This confidence in his abilit)- was 
never misplaced. Strange as it may seem, he 
never met with an accident, but his carefulness 
and prudence in an emergency have saved the 
lives of m.nny. In 1870 he was ofl:ered the 
position of foreman of the engine department 
of the St. Louis, Kansas City & Northern Rail- 
road, which he held until he resigned and took 
up farming. This he did not so much as a 
matter of business as to enjoy for the remainder 
of his days a more retired and quiet life. The 
homestead comprises 27 acres, and the tract 
on which the race-track is located contains 80 
acres. Both of these farms are now rented to 



his son. Five years ago lie built one of the 
largest and most commodious farm-houses in 
the county — two and a half stories high and 
47 by 68 feet in dimensions. He has also 
erected a large barn and all outhouses neces- 
sary for successful farming. 

November 5, 1855, Mr. Peck was united 
in marriage with Adeline Pratt, who passed 
away March 6, 1897, having given birth to 
eight children, as follows : Harry A., born 
March 6, 1857; Emma C, who was born Jan- 
uary 26, i860, and died February i, 1897; 
Ada C, born December 20, 1864; W. I., born 
August 20, 1866; Franklin K., born October 
2, 1868; Phebe S., born December 27, 1870; 
Hiram P., w^ho was born October 14, 1876, 
and died August 10, 1888; and James G., born 
August 31, 1878. Mr. Peck has always been 
a Republican in politics, and is very liberal in 
religious views. 

EORGE AA''. HATCH, the owner of 
200 acres of valuable farming land 
in Center township, Wapello county, 
Iowa, and about 65 acres within the 
city limits of Ottuni\\a, is one of the most pro- 
gressive farmers in his section of the county. 
He was born of English ancestry, his father, 
George Hatch, having been born in Hull, Eng- 
land, in 1820. His mother was born in Penn- 
sylvania in 1827. George Hatch came to 
America in 1833, and settled in Iowa in 1844. 
The mother settled in this county in 1837. 
They had 1 1 children. 

Mr. Hatch carried on farming on this land 
many years before buying it. He cultivated 
it with 500 or 600 acres of other land, and hav- 
ing been very successful in several money- 
making projects, he decided to buy the 200 
acres above mentioned. It was formerly the 
estate of Charles F. Blake. In 1898 he pur- 
chased 200 acres in section 33, township •ji, 
range 14. At present he is erecting one of the 
largest and finest barns in the county, and also 
has a fine residence. He has been an extensive 
stock-raiser, often having several hundred head, 
of cattle and hogs. At present he has but few 
cattle, but is running what is known as the 
"Quaker Dairy." and supplying cream and 
milk to the citizens of Ottumwa. He prefers 
Shorthorn cattle. 

jMr. Hatch was married to Ada C. JefTries, 
February 16, 1881. She is of English descent. 
Nine children have resulted from this union, 
whose names are: Jennie E., born J\Iarch 15, 
1882; Blaine, who was born October 15, 1884, 
and died November 23, 1884; Mary E., born 
January i, 1886; Harry, who was born No- 
\ember 24, 1888, and died in December, 1889;. 
Vera H., who was born Alarch 17, 1890, and 
died in December, 1892; Lela A., born June 
9, 1892; George AA''., born August 14, 1895; 
Luella, who was born X<j\ember 5, 1897, and 
died February 13, 1899; and Lucille, born 
August 12, 1899. 

Mr. Hatch is a Republican in politics, and, 
although he has taken a deep interest in local 
politics, he has never sought political prefer- 
ment. He is much interested in educational 
conditions in his township, and lends his sup- 



port to that cause. It was greatly through his 
influence and assistance that the handsome 
school-house in the district was erected. Mr. 
Hatch is a member of the Odd Fellows order. 
He is very liberal and broad-minded in his 
views on religious subjects. 


COY, a highly esteemed resident 

of Agency township, Wapelki 

county, Iowa, is the widow of 

John W. McCoy. She was born in England, 

August 27, 1836, and is a daughter of John 

A I well. 

John Atwell was born in England, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1812, and was first a baker by trade, 
but later applied himself to agricultural pur- 
suits. He now resides in Kansas. He mar- 
ried Mary F. Doughty, who was born in Eng- 
land, and is deceased. They became the par- 
ents of the following children : Sarah W. ; 
Anna ; John ; Xancy ; William ; Frances ; Har- 
riet; Richard; Ellen; George; and Lizzie. 

Sarah A\'. Atwell was first united in mar- 
riage with Mr. Erridge, who is deceased. 
They had four children : Sarah ; Elizabeth ; 
Mary, deceased ; and William. After the death 
of her husband she came with her four children 
to Wapello county, Iowa, and located in Agency 
township, on the Evans farm. She settled on 
her present farm in 1864, and has since resided 
upon it. She has a fine property of 100 acres 
in section 24, township yi, range 13, which is 
conducted by her two sons, Otis and Frank. 

She formed a matrimonial alliance with John 
W. McCoy on September 2, 1866. 

John AV. McCoy was born in Pennsylvania 
in 1843, ^I'^cl came to Wapello county, Iowa, in 
1850, with his parents. He served three years 
in the Civil War, in the 22d Reg., Iowa Vol. 
Inf., and won an honorable record. He was 
engaged in farming throughout his entire ac- 
tive career, and died March 20, 1901. 

Mr. and Mrs. McCoy reared the following 
children : Dora, deceased, who was the wife 
of W'illiam Wilder, by whom she had twO' chil- 
dren, — Nellie and Rosa; Frank, who is a 
farmer and resides about a mile north of the 
home farm ; Osc'ar, deceased ; Otis ; and Ella., 
Mr. McCoy was a RqDublican in politics, and 
was a trustee of Agency township at the time 
of his death. Mrs. McCoy is a woman of 
many estimable traits of character, and enjoys 
the respect and friendship of every one with 
whom she is acquainted. 

R. MORRIS L. DAVIS, who has been 

actively engaged in the practice of 

medicine in Agency City and Ot- 

tumwa, AA'apello county, Iowa, for 

the past fifteen years, is very successful, and 

enjoys the patronage of the leading citizens 

of the community. 

Dr. Davis was born in London, England, 
July 14, 1845, and is a son of John and Ann 
Davites, and a nephew of Sir William Pugh 
and the lawful heir of his estate. He first 
visited the United States in 1859. His early 



education was pursued in the Brancli, Charter 
House, AA'elsh and St. Bartholomew schools 
at London, England, the course in the latter 
institution embracing the classics, general sci- 
ence, pharmacy and medicine. He graduated 
from Wyoming College, at Kingston, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1874, from the Starling Medical 
College, of Columbus, Ohio, in 1879, and the 
medical department of New York University 
in 1884. He was a student of Dr..G. S. Bailey 
at Chicago, who was at one time pastor of the 
Baptist church at Ottumwa, Iowa. Dr. Davis 
was a private student of Prof. Alfred L. 
Loomis, in physical diagnosis, histology and 
pathology; Prof. AVilliam H. Thompson, in 
physical diagnosis; Prof. William Draper, in 
chemistry; Professor AVright, of New York 
University, in surgery ; and Professor Janeway, 
of Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New 
York City, in physical diagnosis. He matricu- 
lated in the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, of New York City, in 1863. He served 
in the Civil War from 1861 to 1865, in the 
1st Reg., Delaware Vol. Inf., 3d Brigade, Sec- 
ond Division, '2d Army Corps. After the 
Army of the Potomac had returned to Arling- 
ton Pleights, Virginia, he was taken with ty- 
phoid fever, and remained at Washington, D. 
C, three months after the regiment was mus- 
tered out. He then returned home and began 
to work so as to be able to support a widowed 
mother, two sisters and two brothers and pre- 
pare himself for his different studies and col- 
lege courses. He has practiced medicine in 
New York City, Youngstown, Ohio, and Ot- 
tumwa and Agency City, Iowa. He has prac- 

ticed in the two last named towns since i^ 
and has a very lucrative patronage. He has 
a thorough understanding of medical science, 
and his years of practice and careful prepara- 
tion for the profession have given hini 
the ciualifications which make a good physician 
and surgeon and a safe counselor. His social 
and intellectual attainments are of the highest ; 
he is genial, kind and loving. 

Dr. Davis was first married to Miss Ida 
McKnight, of Orangeville, Ohio. She died 
in 1891, and for his second wife he led to the 
altar Ada A. Koons, of Luzerne county, Penn- 
sylvania, a daughter of David S. Koons, who 
is a prominent attorney of Pittston, Luzerne 
county, Pennsylvania. Dr. Davis is a mem- 
ber of the G. A. R. and Modern AVoodmen of 
America. He is also a member of the \\ apello 
County Medical Society, Des Moines Valley 
Medical Society, Iowa State Medical Society 
and the .Association of the U^ni\■ersit^■ and 
Bellevue Hospital Medical College Society. 

AMES ROY BAKER, who comes of a 
prominent old family of Ottumwa, 
Iowa, resides on the old Baker home- 
stead just out of the city and is at the 
present time engaged in gardening. For some 
vears he was engaged in the furniture business 
and expects to reenter that field of business as 
soon as a suitable opportunity presents itself. 
He was born December 3, 1868, in Fort 
Branch, Indiana, while his mother was on a 
visit, and is a son of J. J. McCoy and Anna 
E. (Burns) Baker. 



J. J. McCoy Baker was born in BoonviUe, 
Warrick county, Indiana, January 29, 1840, 
and was four years of age when, in 1844, liis 
parents moved to tliis county, locating on a 
claim about seven miles north of Ottumwa. 
There he lived until i860, then located in the 
city of Ottumwa, where his father, John G. 
Baker, conducted the hotel called the Ottumwa 
House. It soon became a popular resort, es- 
pecially during the Civil war, when John G. 
Baker expended time and money for the bene- 
fit of the soldiers. It was through his instru- 
mentality that the railroad companies cut rates 
for the sick and invalid soldiers, and, when 
they would arrive home from the battlefields 
or hospitals, he would secure them cheap liv- 
ery and never charge them for stopping at his 
hotel. He was greatly assisted in this good 
work by his boys, who entered heart and soul 
into the work, and J. J. McCoy Baker never 
during his entire life forgot the lessons taught 
him by his father. All through life, John G. 
Baker was known as a charitable man, and was 
a member of the ^lethodist church. He helped 
to form the firm of Gray, Baker & Madison, 
who contracted to furnish the Chicago, Bur- 
lington & Ouincy Railroad with all the 
ties they could use in the construction 
of their new railroad. They conceived 
the idea of building a wagon and foot 
bridge across the Des Moines River, con- 
necting North and South Ottumwa, which re- 
sulted in a handsome income for them during 
the twenty years they charged toll. 

J. J. McCoy Baker was a farmer by occu- 
pation, although he conducted a grocery busi- 

ness and a livery business for a time. He be- 
lieved in the fundamental truths taught in the 
Bible and practiced what he believed, but could 
not stand the different creeds which seemed to 
teach contradictions more than charity and 
deed. He was respected by all as a man, who 
was sincere in what he believed and practiced. 
He was very successful in his business enter- 
prises and his accumulations were mainly in- 
vested in farm lands. At the time of his death,. 
January 28, 1898, he owned a half interest 
in the Pioneer office building of Ottumwa, and 
three of the finest farms in the county, the 
one in the outskirts of Ottumwa being 
the one his widow and family now re- 
side on, and on this he erected a hand- 
some home which he did not li\'e long 
enough to enjoy. He died full of honor and 
had the confidence of all the community. Al- 
though a member of no church, he was a great 
reader of the Bible and believed faithfully in 
it. He married Anna E. Burns, who was born 
in Warrick county, Indiana, and was a daugh- 
ter of Ratcliffe B. Burns. The latter, who was 
a relatixe of Daniel Boone, was born near 
Bowling Green, Kentucky, in 1820, and in 
early life was a merchant, later becoming pro- 
prietor of a hotel in Chariton, Iowa; he lived 
to reach the great old age of four score years, 
— his father was one of the earliest settlers of 
AA'arrick county, Indiana. Mr. and ]\Irs. Ba- 
ker became the parents of nine children, seven 
of whom are living, namely : James Roy, our 
subject ; Gurley Burns, who is a furniture 
dealer and undertaker at Fairfield, Iowa; 
Hiram Ewin, a farmer who resides with his- 




mother; Queen Anne, who is single and is a 
clerk in the store of Mandel Brothers, at Chi- 
cago, Illinois; Charles C, who is at home; 
Jesse McCoy and Mary Dell, also at home. 
Those deceased are John Ratcliffe Clinton and 
Lucy Fransina. 

James R. Baker was the eldest son born to 
his parents, and he received a fine education. 
After completing his studies in the district 
school, lie attended the Ottumwa High School, 
and later business college. He has been en- 
gaged in the furniture business most of his life, 
and has sold out a couple of times as he did 
■not like the locations. After selling the 
first time, he engaged in the cigar business for 
a time, and then disposed' of his store. He is 
now engaged in gardening on the old home- 
stead, but expects to again engage in the ftn'ni- 
ture business, for which he has a liking. ]Mr. 
Baker is married and has two children :, 
born August 4, 1891 ; and Helen, liorn April 
15, 1895. Fraternally he belongs to the K. of 
P. ; the A. O. U. \\^ ; and the U: B. A., of Ot- 

W. HELPER, a popular conductor on 
the Chicago, Burlington & Ouincy 
Railroad, whose portrait accompanies 
this sketch, has one of the best runs in 
the freight service out of Ottumwa. He has 
been in the employ of this company almost 
continuously since 1879, has served the inter- 
ests of the company faithfully, and as a re- 
sult stands high in the esteem of its officials. 

He was born at Osceola, Iowa, in 1858, and is 
a son of E. H. Plelfer. 

E. H. Heifer came from ^lontreal, Can- 
ada, located at Osceola, Iowa, before the day 
of railroads, and lived with his family one and 
a half miles north of that town , He died there 
twenty-three years ago, and hij wife now re- 
sides at Des Moines, Iowa. They reared five 
children, namely: J. A\'., the subject of this 
personal history; Lydia ( Brady 1, of St. Paul; 
•' J\lary (Barger), of St. Joseph, Missouri; Hi- 
ram, a marble and stone cutter, who died in 
1898; and IMorton, who resides with his 
mother at Des Moines. 

J. W Heifer decided to make railroading 
his life work and came to Ottumwa as the most 
likely place to make a start. In 1879 he begam 
his connection with the Chicago, Burlington' 
& Ouinc\- Railroad and at the present time is. 
next to the oldest employe in the freight serv- 
ice. He began as brakeman o\ er the Middle- 
Division, ( m which he has principalh- run since. 
He was promoted, in August, 1887, to the po- 
sition of conductor, which he now holds. For 
two }ears he ran from Albia to Des Moines,. 
and made his home at Albia a part of the time.. 
He now runs on the through Denver fast 
freight and the Omaha meat run over the 
Aliddle Division., He has been successful in 
his work and exceedingly fortunate in that he 
has never been seriously injured during his 
long term of service. He purchased his pres- 
ent home property, and built a comfortable 
house fourteen years ago, when buildings were 
few in South Ottumwa. He has set out a large 




number of cherry, apple and shade trees and 
has a very pretty home and a fine family. 

Air. Heifer was united in marriage at Ot- 
tumwa, with Jennie Bird, a daughter of John 
Bird, who came from Lidiana and now resides 
at Kansas City, Missouri. Three daughters 
were bbrn to bless this union, as follows : 
Myrtle, MoUie and Marvel. Li politics Mr. 
Heifer is a stanch Democrat. Fraternally he 
is a member of Division No. 216, O. R. C, at 
Ottumwa. Religiously the family are Meth- 

ILLIAM REEVE, one of the pros- 
perous farmers of Agency town- 
ship, Wapello county, Iowa, was 
born in Ohio in 1836, and is a son 
of William and Susan { Murphy) Reeve. 

William Reeve, the father of our subject, 
was born in New York State in 1797, and dur- 
ing his youth learned the trade of a cooper. 
He removed to Wapello county, Iowa, in 1851, 
and en March 22d of that year purchased a 
farm in Agency township, on which he resided 
until his death. He married Susan Murphy, 
and they reared the following children : Sarah ; 
James A., deceased ; Mary A. ; Lydia, deceased ; 
Lucretia J. ; William, the subject of this sketch ; 
Joseph ; Susanah ; Caroline ; and Minerva. 

William Ree\'e, the gentleman whose name 
heads this sketch, lived on his father's farm un- 
til he reached the age of twenty-two> years. 
After his marriage he bought a farm, and now 
OA\ns a farm of 70 acres in section 19, carrying 
on general farming and stock-raising. He en- 

listed for service in the Civil War, August 7, 
1862, serving in Company E, 22d Reg., Iowa 
Vol. Inf., until July 25, 1865. He participated 
in the siege of Vicksburg and the battle of 
Jackson, Mississippi, under General Grant, also 
the battles of Champion Hills and Black River. 
He was then detailed teamster until the close 
of the war. 

Mr. Reeve married Elizabeth Magee, who 
was born in Ohio in 1838. They have no chil- 
dren of their own, but raised J. C. Reeve, a 
s^n of William G. Smith, from the time he was 
two years old, and his sister, Cora E., from the 
time she was seven, giving them the same 
kindly treatment and training that they would 
give children of their own. In politics Mr. 
Reeve is a Republican, and has served on the 
school board of Agency township a number of 
years. He is a member of Agency Post, No. 
107, G. A. R. Both Mr. Reeve and his wife 
are members of the Methodist Episcopal 

UGH BROWN, an esteemed citizen of 

Ottumwa, Iowa, was for many years 

engaged in farming in Richland 

township, Wapello county. He was 

born in County Derry, Ireland, January 25, 

1818, and is a son of Samuel Brown. 

The Brown family is of French descent. 
Samuel Brown was born in Ireland, and fol- 
lowed the trade of a miller and farmer. He 
married Miss L. Cannon, who is related to 
Lord Cannon, and they became parents of 11 
children, of whom but two are now living, 



namely : Hugh and Thomas, — the latter being 
located at Kirkville, Iowa. 

Hugh Brown came to the United States at 
the age of fifteen years, landing in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, where he resided for three years. 
He then lived in Ohio until 1841, and during 
his early days followed farming, shoemaking 
and carpentering. He came to Wapello coun- 
ty, Iowa, in September, 1843, and purchased 
a claim of 160 acres in Richland township, and 
also 40 acres of timber land where the city of 
Ottumwa is now located. There were then 
but two houses in what is now Ottumwa. He 
built a cabin, 12 by 14 feet in size, without a 
chimney, and resided in it one year, when he 
built another cabin, 12 by 12 feet in dimen- 
sions. He made improvements on his claim, 
vidiich he entered, and farmed there until 1861, 
when he moved tO' Ottumwa, having been 
elected clerk of the district court. He filled 
that office two successive terms, and in 1865 
returned to his farm, and carried on general 
farming until 1870. He has since made his 
home in Ottumwa, where he has been one of 
the most enterprising and public-spirited citi- 
zens. He takes an earnest interest in all that 
pertains to the welfare of the city and county, 
and by his just dealings and fairness to every 
one has won the respect of his fellow men. He 
is a Democrat in politics, and has served' in 
various responsible positions with credit. He 
was county supervisor two years, justice of the 
peace in Richland township a number of years, 
trustee of Richland township, president of the 
school board, and a member of the city council 
of Ottumwa for two years. 

April 25, 1843, Mr. Brown was united in 
marriage with Martha H, Thurman, who was 
born in Tennessee, in 181 1, and died in March, 
1897. They reared the following children: 
Mary L. ; Margaret E. ; Martha J.; S. Hugh; 
William A. C. ; Nellie T. ; and George D., all 
of whom are living. Religiously Mr. Brown 
is a member of the Church of Christ, and has 
helped to build several churches in Ottumwa 
during his long residence here. He has for 
a long time been an elder of the church. 

STRICKLAND, a representative 
farmer of A\^apello county, Iowa, 
is located in Washington township, 
where he has a farm of 160 acres in sections 2, 
II and 12. He was born in Greene county, 
Illinois, on June 22, 1836, and is a son of R. 
and Phoebe (Lakins) Strickland. 

R. Strickland, father of our subject, was 
born in Eastern Tennessee and served in the 
War of 18 12 under General Jackson as fife 
major. He was a farmer by occupation, and 
traded with the Indians at Chicago at an early 
day. He married Phcebe Lakins, who was 
born in Georgia, and they reared the following 
children : AA'illiam ; Elizabeth ; Catherine ; 
John ; Mary Jane ; L. M. ; Francis M. ; Mar- 
shal W. ; Harvey M. ; George R. ; and Winfield 
Scott, deceased. 

Marshal W'. Strickland resided in Illinois 
until seven j^ears of age, and in 1844 moved to 
AA'apello county, accompanying his brother 



W^illiam. The latter located in AA'ashington 
township, section lo, one mile north of Ash- 
land, and later sold his farm of 170 acres for 
$7,000 and moved to Missouri, where he died. 
Marshal W. Strickland li\-ed with his brother 
until 185 1, and then went to Agency City, 
where he learned the trade of a blacksmith, fol- 
low ing it for a period of three years. In 1854 
he returned to W'ashington township, where 
he has since resided. He located on his pres- 
ent farm in 18C9, and has' 160 acres in sections 
2, I J and 12. The farm is under a high state 
of cultivation, ^vell fenced and ecjuipped with 
good, substantial farm buildings. He has a 
comfortable two-stc.iry house of nine rooms. 

Mr. Strickland was united in marriage with 
Margaret Ciuff, who was born in Penns3'Ivania 
in 1837, and they are parents of six children, 
as follows : Charles F., of Fremont, Nebraska; 
John H., of Alaska; Anna; Alargaret; A\'ill- 
iam; and Dora Jane, deceased. Politically the 
subject nf this sketch is a Republican. In re- 
ligious attachments he is a member of the Mis- 
sionar}- Baptist church. 

FORGE W FRIEND, a well-known 
journalist of A\'apello countv, Iowa, 
is proprietor of the Fonuii, which is 
published at Eldon and has a wide 
circulation in the vicinity. Fie is a man of 
public spirit, and through the medium of his 
publication has always given his support to 
all worthy enterprises calculated to benefit the 
town and county. He was born in Van Buren 

county, Iowa, in 1870, and is a son of Charles 
Friend, and grandson of George AA". Friend. 

George AA'. Friend, the grandfather, was 
born in Canada in 1830, and was a minister 
the latter part of his life. During his early 
days he followed the trade of a cooper. He 
was a member of the M. E. church, and was 
living in AA'ashington county, Iowa, at the time 
of his death. Charles Friend, father of our 
subject, was born in Indiana, April 3, 1843, 
and came to Iowa with his father in 1855, lo- 
cating in AA'ashington county. He came to 
AA'apellO' count)^ in 1879 with his son, George 
AA^, making the trip in a wagon, and located 
at Eldon. He married Susan A. Jamison, who 
was born in Pennsylvania in 1849, and they be- 
came parents of six children, as follows : AA'iU- 
iam AA'. ; George AA'. ; Lora ; Zulah ; Edmond ; 
and Audrey. Mr. Friend has been employed 
by the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway 
Company since 1879. He is a Republican in 

George AA^ Friend first attended the public 
schools of Selma and later those of Eldon. He 
commenced to learn the trade of a printer at 
the age of twelve years, and then worked for 
Rev. Mr. St. John on a monthly paper. He 
was later identified with the Eldon Rci'ic-a' and 
the Eldon Journal, after which he held a po- 
sition as bookkeeper for the Bradley Bank of 
Eldon for nine months. In 1891, in partner- 
ship with M. P- Duffield, he started the Eldon 
Graphic, a weekly newspaper, which they con- 
ducted one year and then leased for a vear. 
Mr. Friend then bought the paper and named 
it the Forum, and has published it continuously 

Tu/te. 3". ^// 



since. He is an able writer, and his paper 
sprang into popularity at its inception, and has 
had a growing circulation since. 

Mr. Friend was united in marriage on July 
27, 1892, with Carrie Furtney, who was born 
in Lee county, Iowa, April 18, 1872, and they 
have a son. Royal, born March 31, 1896." In 
politics he is active in his support of the Re- 
publican party. He is a member of Eldon 
Lodge,- No'. 127, Knights of Pythias. 

ALTER T. HALL, who has been 
one of the prominent business men 
of Ottumwa since locating here in 
1879, is a member of the whole- 
sale candy firm of Walter T. Hall & Company, 
located at No. 113-117 East Third street. They 
conduct the only candy manufacturing estab- 
lishment in the city and make large sales 
throughout Iowa and adjoining states. The 
concern occupies three stories and the base- 
ment of the Phoenix block. Mr. Hall was born 
near Ottumwa, Wapello county, Iowa, in 1857, 
and is a son of James and Louisa (Woriey) 

James Hall was an Ohioan by birth and fol- 
lowed agricultural pursuits. He and his young 
wife came to Iowa about 1853, and here he died 
when his son was about one year old.. He and 
his wife had four children, namely : Walter 
T. ; Mrs. Andrew • Burnaugh, who resided in 
Ottumwa until her death in 1883; Caroline, 
wife of Shelby Byers, of Huntington, Oregon ; 
and Mrs. Connelly, with whom her mother re- 
sides at Agency City. 

When thirteen years of age Walter T. Hall 
removed with his mother to Quincy, Illinois, 
and there engaged in his first work in the bak- 
ing powder and spice factory of F H. Mason 
& Company, with whom he remained for three 
years after completing his schooling. He came 
to Ottumwa in 1879 and formed a partnership 
with Mr. Cockerell, dealing and jobbing in teas, 
spices and confectionery under the firm name 
of Cockerell & Hall. They located on South 
Market street, and the partnership continued 
for five years, when Mr. Hall purchased his 
partner's interest and continued in the business 
alone until 1893. From 1884 until 1892 he 
also engaged in the manufacture of candies, 
employing from 15 to 20 workmen. In 1893 
William Vinson and J. W. Coen purchased an 
interest in the firm and the firm name was 
changed to AValter T. Hall & Company, the 
plant being located on East Third street, ad- 
joining the J. W Edgerly Drug Company. 
After the lapse of two years Mr. Coen retired 
from the business and the two remaining part- 
ners have since conducted it. The plant has 
been gradually and steadily enlarged under 
cle\'er management, and- they now have from 
60 to 80 employes. The dimensions of the 
Phoenix building, in which they occupy three 
stories and the basement, are 80 by 66 feet. 
The basement is used for storage and for the 
boiler and engine rooms. It contains a boiler 
of 60 horse-power, which supplies the power 
for running the machinery. There is a gen- 
eral superintendent and foreman for each de- 
partment, and the work is systematized in an 
excellent manner. The concern manufactures a 



complete line of candies of every description, 
and has developed a large jobbing trade on 
certain specialties, besides selling goods direct 
to the retail grocery and confectionery trade. 
In jobbing, the firm sells goods from New Or- 
leans to St. Paul, and from the Mississippi Val- 
ley to the Pacific coast, and has the only factory 
of its kind in Ottumwa. Seven traveling men 
call upon the retail trade, covering a large ter- 
ritory, which includes all of Iowa, northern 
Missouri and western Illinois. Another visits 
the wholesale firms from the Mississippi Valley 
to the Pacific coast. In 1898 Mr. Hall built a 
fine home in Ottumwa at No. 575 West Fourth 

Walter T. Hall was united in marriage with 
Minnie Vinson, who was born in Indiana and 
was brought to this state when a child. They 
have two children, Adine and Evelyn. In 
politics Mr. Hall is a Republican, as was his 
father. He is a member of the Modern Wood- 
men of America of Ottumwa, and in religious 
\iews favors the Methodist Episcopal church. 
His portrait accompanies this sketch, being 
presented on a foregoing page. 

AMUEL B. CARR, prominently iden- 
tified with the growth and develop- 
ment of AA^apello county, Iowa, has 
been a resident of the county since 
1854. He is now practically retired from ac- 
tive business life, having placed the care and 
management of his farm in his son's hands. 
.Air. Carr was born in Butler county, Ohio, in 
1834, a son of John and Ruth (Bell) Carr. 

John Carr, the father of our subject, was 
Liorn in Kentucky. He removed to Richland 
township, Wapello county, Iowa, in 1854, 
where he engaged in farming. He died in 
Kansas at the advanced age of seventy years. 
Mr. Carr married Ruth Bell, who was born in 
Maryland, and they reared : Mary Ann ; Will- 
iam; John; Josiah; Samuel B., the subject of 
this sketch; Jacob; Alexander and Franklin. 
who' are twins. 

Samuel B. Carr, the subject of this biog- 
raphy, removing from Indiana to Iowa, reached 
Ottumwa, October 28, 1854, and one year later 
settled on his present home farm, which is the 
eastern half of the northwest quarter of section 
27, in Richland township. With the exception 
of three years spent in Indiana, he has lived in 
Wapello county ever since he first located here. 
]\Ir. Carr had a brother Josiah, who came to 
Wapello county in 1856, and shortly afterward 
located in Mahaska county, where he lived five 
years. He then located in Richland township, 
Wapello county, residing there until his death, 
which was in April, 1900. 

Our subject has been living a retired life 
for a number of years, his son Douglas carry- 
ing on general farming and stock-raising. Mr. 
Carr was married in Shelby county, Indiana, 
m 1856, to Eliza Crow. Seven children re- 
in 1856, to Eliza Crow, who was born in 1835, 
suited from this union, whose names are : Jo- 
seph H., who is a farmer of Wapello county; 
George, who is a miner in Colorado; Susan; 
Douglas, who conducts his father's farm ; Nel- 
lie, who is at home; Charles; and John W. 



F(ir a number of years Mr. Carr was en- 
gaged in the carpenter business, and it was 
he who built the first boarding house in Keb. 
]\Ir. Carr is a Democrat in poHtics, and has 
always been actively interested in the growth 
and development of AVapello county, and al- 
ways lends his support cheerfully to any public 
enterprise. He is well known and highly re- 
spected in his vicinity. 

R. J. E, AIcCORMICK, a progressive 
young physician of Wapello county, 
Iowa, has been located at Ottumwa 
since 1896, and in that time has won 
the confidence of his fellow citizens. He re- 
ceived a very careful preparation for the medi- 
cal profession, is skillful in diagnosing and 
treating the most complicated cases, and en- 
joys a ver}' fine practice. He was born in New 
Orleans, Louisiana, January 2, 1870, and is a 
son of James A. and :\Iarilla (Emery) :\Ic- 

James A. McCormick moved from New 
Orleans to Saratoga, New York, and is now 
a stock-exchange broker of New York City. 
He has been a devotee of the turf, and has 
owned, and now owns, some very fine thor- 
oughbred running horses. During the past 
twenty years he has been a resident of New 
York City, although he has traveled very ex- 
tensively. He married Marilla Emery, who 
was born and reared in Illinois, her father now- 
being a retired agriculturist of Geneseo, Illi- 
nois. The Doctor was their only child. 

Dr. McCiirmick was reared in New York 
City and attended the public schools. He de- 
termined to enter the medical profession in 
1S89, and attended lectures in the College of 
the Cit\' of New York, completing his course 
in 1894. He practiced in that city for two 
years, and then came to Ottumwa, where for 
two years he was associated with his uncle. Dr. 
Wilkinson, an old and well-known practitioner 
of Ottumwa. Since 1898 he has practiced 
alone, and has established a good general prac- 
tice, being well pleased with the city. 

Dr. McCormick was joined in matrimony 
with Estella Jacjues, a daughter of W. H. C. 
Jaques, of Ottumwa. In politics the Doctor is 
a Democrat, and was once a candidate for cor- 
oner. Fraternally he is a member of the 
Knights of Pythias. Professionally he be- 
longs to the Des Moines Valley [Metlical Asso- 
ciation ; the \A'apello County Aledical Associ- 
ation ; and the Iowa State ^ledical Association. 
He was confirmed in the Catholic church, 
\\ hich he still fa\'ors. 

SAAC S. RIGGS, a gentleman well 

known in Wapello count}-, Iowa, is a 

prominent lumber dealer of Eddyville. 

He was born in Indiana, in 1854. and 

is a son of A. \Y. and Alartha (Spillman) 

Riggs. A record of the life of his father mav 

be found elsewhere in this work. 

Isaac S. Riggs moved to Henry county, 
Iowa, when a child, and received the rudi- 
ments of a common school education, which 



was later supplemented by a course in the pub- 
lic schools of AVapello county. After leaving 
school he spent five yeai's in the employ of 
Fish & McGiniter, merchants of Eddyville. He 
later engaged in the grain business for two 
years for the above named gentlemen, and then 
engaged in the business as agent for a lumber 
company until 1875. He then founded his 
present business, and has continuously engaged 
in the lumber business since, meeting with good 
success. He carries a full supply of hard and 
soft lumber, lath, shingles, posts, lime, cement, 
hair plaster, sewer pipe, sash, doors and blinds, 
and, in fact, everything in this line of building 
materials. Besides this business, he owns and 
•operates a farm of 240 acres, which is devoted 
to general farming and stock-raising. 

Mr. Riggs was first married to Ella Mc- 
Williams, of Eddyville, a daughter of Nathan 
McWilliams, and two children were born to 
them : Birdie \l., widow of John Butcher, by 
whom she had two children, — Helen R. and 
Celia ; and Walter, who married Grace Mills- 
paugh, of Burlington, Io\\'a, and they have two 
children, — Alberta and Bernice. After the 
death of his first wife Mr. Riggs formed a sec- 
ond union with Nannie McMahan, of Eddy- 
ville, Iowa, and six children were born to bless 
their union: Clyde A., who married Myrtle 
M. Myers, of Eldon, Iowa, her father being 
■one of the early settlers of the county; Mabel 
M. ; Benjamin H. ; Esther J. ; Grace I. ; and 
Isaac S., Jr. In religious belief he and his 
family are members of the Baptist church. 
Politically our subject is a Republican, and 
has served in the town council and as a member 

of the school board. In 1893 he became a 
member of Eddyville Lodge, No. 76, A. F. & 
A. M. ; and also belongs to Day Lodge, No. 
26, I. O. O. F., of which he has held all the 
chairs. He is a very prominent man in Eddy- 
ville, and always takes an active part in any 
enterprise pertaining to the welfare of the com- 
munity. He is possessed of a pleasing per- 
sonality and his friends are legion. 

US APPLEGREN is the active man- 
ager of the Globe Tea Company, and 
is ably assisted in this successful en- 
terprise by his partner, Charles Hall- 
berg. They also carry a complete line of 
groceries, have made extensive improvements 
and have established a meat market. They 
enjoy the patronage of the best citizens of Ot- 
tumwa and vicinity, and cater to the highest 
class of trade. 

Mr. Applegren was born in Middle Sweden 
in 1847, and is a son of Carl Applegren, who 
was a grocer and extensive land owner. The 
latter accompanied his son Gus to this country 
in 1865; and at the time of his death was living 
at Peoria, Illinois. He was the father of four 
sons and two daughters, namely: Gus; 
Charles and Axel, both engineers on the To- 
ledo, Peoria & AA^estern Railway; John, who 
conducts a restaurant in Chicago; Mrs. Dr. 
Klingberg, of Osage City, Kansas; and Mrs. 
Josephine Anderson, who resides on a farm 
near Peoria, Illinois. 




Gus Applegren had excellent educational 
advantages, and had nearly completed a course 
of study in college at the time of his departure 
for America. He has always been engaged in 
the grocery business, and was a clerk at Bur- 
lington, Iowa, and at Chicago, Illinois. He 
came to Ottumwa, Iowa, from Chicago, in Oc- 
tober, 1877, ^^^ was at once engaged to man- 
age the store of the Globe Tea Company, 
which had been opened six months previously 
in its present quarters, owned b}- Mr. Boulton, 
■one of the early residents of Ottumwa. The 
large double building now occupied was en- 
larged, and is 140 feet deep, the rear being de- 
voted to storing flour, feed, potatoes, etc. In 
the main and front portion of the store is 
■carried what is considered as fine and com- 
plete a line of groceries as is to be found 'in 
the State. A line of cured meats has been car- 
ried for some time, and they also handle a full 
line of fresh meats. An especially large 
amount of potatoes is handled, and also Min- 
nesota, Nebraska and Kansas hard-wheat flour. 
When Mr. Applegren assumed charge of the 
business there was but one other person em- 
ployed in the store, and they hired a delivery 
wagon when one \\as necessary. At the pres- 
•ent time a force of 24 people are employed in 
•caring for the heavy trade, and five double 
teams and two single wagons are constantly 
busy on the delivery. Mr. Applegren is an 
■energetic business man, enterprising and pro- 
gressive, and stands high among the foremost 
men of the county. 

The subject of this sketch is unmarried, 
and rooms at the home of Mr. Hallberg, board- 

ing at the Ballingall Hotel. Fraternally he is 
a member of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks. 

ALVIN MANNING, president of the 
Iowa National Bank, of Ottumwa, 
is one of the prominent financiers of 
Wapello county, Iowa. He was born 
June 7, 1 85 1, at Keosauqua, Iowa, and is a 
son of Edwin and Sarah (Sample) Manning. 
He successfully engaged in the practice of law 
for many years, and acquired much valuable 
experience, which is of great benefit to him as 
the executive head of this institution. 

The Iowa National Bank was organized 
and began business January 2"/, 1871, its pro- 
moters being L. W. Vale, Charles F. Blake 
and Dr. James L. Taylor, deceased. Will- 
iam Daggett, deceased, soon became a stock- 
holder, and J. B. Field was, shortly after the 
organization, elected cashier.. December 20, 

1873, Charles F. Blake having purchased the 
interest of L. ^\" Vale, was duly elected presi- 
dent and E. S. Sheffield was elected to succeed 
Mr. Field as cashier. J. W. Ed^erly became a 
stockholder and a director, and also D. H. 
Michaels, both of whom are now deceased. 
Mr, Blake served as president from December 
20, 1873, until July 21, 1893, when he was suc- 
ceeded by Edwin Manning. The latter held the 
office until January 8, 1901, when he resigned 
because of his ad\anced age, and was succeeded 
hx his son, Calvin Manning. October 30, 

1874, J. AV. Edgerly was elected cashier and 



served ' until January 30, 1888, when T. H. 
Eaton succeeded him. The latter in turn was 
succeeded by C. K. Blake on April 29, 1893, 
and Calvin Manning was elected to that office 
on January 9, 1894. He served in that capacity 
until iVpril 12, 1900, when he accepted the vice- 
presidency of the bank, and was succeeded by 
W. R. Daggett as cashier. The officers of the 
Ijank at the present time are as follows : Calvin 
Manning, president ; J. H. Merrill, vice-presi- 
dent ; W R. Daggett, cashier ; and H. C. Cham- 
Ijers, assistant cashier. The directors are, Calvin 
Manning, J. H. Merrill, Samuel jMahon. S. H. 
Harper, W D. Tisdale, E. T. Edgerly and W. 
R. Daggett. J. H. Merrill was elected June 
9, 1877, and has since served continuously as 
a director, and for many years as vice-presi- 
dent, succeeding William Daggett to the last 
named office. 

Edwin Manning, the father of our subject, 
was a wonderful example of u'ltiring activity, 
and met with the greatest success in all of his 
business ventures. He was born February 8, 
1810, in South Coventry, Connecticut, 15 miles 
east of Hartford, and resided there until he 
was nineteen years of age, when he went to 
Pennsylvania and engaged in the merchandise 
business with an uncle, James Manning. He 
remained there for some years, and then came 
west to Iowa, where he located and laid out the 
town of Keosauqua, which has since been his 
home. He made the journey 'rom Pennsvl- 
vania to Iowa in 1837, traveling on horseback, 
to what the Indians called the "Beautiful 
Land." For a period of sixty-two years, until 
1899, Mr. ^Manning was most prominent and 

active in business life in the Des jMoines val- 
ley. His main places of business were Keosau- 
qua, Ottumwa, Eddyville and Chariton. He 
owned many merchandise stores between Keo 
kuk and Des Moines, and also had hea\-y land 
and banking interests. From 1850 to 1865 
he built steamboats and opened river naviga- 
tion from Keokuk to Des Moines, Iowa. He 
was appointed by Governor Kirkwood, of 
Iowa, as a commissioner of the Des ^loines 
River Improvement. Mr. Manning resided at 
his home in Keosauqua until h's death, which 
occurred August 16, 1901. He was first mar- 
ried at Fort .Madison, Iowa, to Sarah Sample, 
who died in 1857. She was born in AA'ashing- 
ton county, Pennsylvania, and lied at the age 
of about forty-two years, leaving three chil- 
dren: Anna G., who is single and lives at 
Grinnell, Iowa; Calvin, the gentleman whose 
name heads these lines; and William S., who 
was born in 1853, is single and resides at Ot- 
tumwa. Edwin Manning formed a second mat- 
rimonial alliance, wedding Nannie Bryant, then 
a resident of Keosauqua, and an ado^jted 
daughter of Gov. Joseph A. Wright, of In- 
diana. Five children have been born to them, 
as follows: Edward B. and Albert ^^'., de- 
ceased; Stanley W. ; Kate W.. wife of W. G. 
Parrctt, of Cantril, Iowa; and Craig I., of Keo- 

Calvin Manning received his intellectual 
training in Cornell University 2 ad in the State 
University of Iowa, and graduated from the 
law department of the latter institution, in 
1872. He was then in the law office of Joy 
& A\'right, of Sioux City, two years, and came 



to Ottumwa in January, 1875. He practiced 
law for ten years, first being associated with 
Judge Williams and later being alone. He 
entered commercial life in 1888, becoming iden- 
tified with the Iowa National Bank, as cashier. 
He was subsec^uently elected \'ice-president of 
that concern, and is now efficiently discharging 
the duties of president, to which office he was 
elected to succeed his father. 

Mr. Manning was joined in matrimony in 
September, 1877, with Juliet K. Blake, who 
was born and reared at Ottumwa, and is a 
daughter of Charles F. Blake. They became 
the parents of the following children : Maude, 
who died in 1880; Mary B. ; Edwin C. who is 
connected with the Iowa National Bank ; and 
Louise, who died in infancy. Mr. Manning 
erected a handsome home at No. 61Q East 
Second street, the grounds having a frontage 
of 132 feet. In politics he has been a stanch 
Republican, and served as city solicitor for 
four years and as a member of the city coun- 
cil four years, — representing the second ward. 
He was a delgate to the Republican national 
convention which nominated James G. Blaine 
in 1884, and was also a delegate to the St. 
Louis convention of the party, which nominated 
William McKinley, in 1896. He was appointed 
by President McKinley ( the appointment be- 
ing confirmed by the senate), a member of 
the United States national commission to the 
Paris Exposition in 1900, and spent six 
months in Paris. 

Portraits of Edwin and Calvin Planning 
accompany this sketch, being presented on a 
preceding page. 

OSEPH PROCTOR. This gentleman 
has been identified with the growth 
and development of Wapello county, 
Iowa, for a number of years. He re- 
sides in Adams township, on a farm of 200 
acres, in section 23, township 71, range 15. 
He was born in England, in 1848. 

Joseph Proctor obtained his early mental 
(raining by working in the day time, and at- 
tending night school three evenings during the 
week. He was determined in his efiforts to 
gain knowledge, and he has been interested 
in educational matters all his life. When he 
was twenty-one years old, he left England for 
America. Upon his arrival in New York City, 
he had but $10.37 ™ '^i^ possession. He \-erA- 
generously loaned $10 to a friend, who failed 
to return the amount, and this left Mr. Proctor 
with but 37 cents with which to make a start 
in the new country. He soon found employ- 
ment, and managed to save a part of his wages 
each month. He went to Ohio, where he be- 
gan buying small tracts of land, and selling 
them at a profit. He continued this for eigh" 
years, when he started west, and, reaching 
Wapello county, settled on his present farm. 
He purchased 80 acres of land from J. R. 
Proctor, and fifteen years ago purchased an- 
other 80 acres. He afterward added 40 acres, 
making a farm of 200 acres of well improved 
land. Mr. Proctor has now accumulated this 
world's goods to such an extent that he is 
thinking of shortly moving to Ottumwa, in 
order that he may be able to give his children 
better educational advantages. It has always 
been a custom of Mr, Proctor's to keep ac- 



count of all the profits and losses made in the 
different branches of farming, and in this way 
he has been able to guard against losses and 
to push those things which brought him the 
greatest profit. He is a man of much business 
ability, and is self-made in the truest sense of 
the word. 

]\Ir. Proctor married Mary Spangler, a 
■daughter of Samuel Spangler and a sister of 
L. Spangler, a resideiit of Green township. 
Two children have resulted from this union, 
namely': Ethel, born August 28, 1885; ^"^ 
Rena Blanche, born July 30, 1891. Laura 
F. Spangler, Mr. Proctors sister-in-law, also 
makes her Jiome with the famih'. 

Mr. Proctor has been a life-long Democrat. 
He was elected to represent his township in 
the county board for two terms, and also served 
two terms as one of the directors of the school 
board. Xo' public enterprise has been complete 
without his assistance, and he is looked upon 
as one of the best citizens of the county. 


D. FERREE, a gentleman prominent 
in the circles of finance in AVapello 
county, Iowa, is president of the Fidel- 
ity Loan and Building Association. 
He is also well known by reason of his system, 
known as the Ferree system of reducing pay- 
ments and loaning money in a manner advan- 
tageous to his patrons and to the company he 
represents. He was born near Hillsboro, Illi- 
nois, in 1838, and is a son of Thomas Ferree, 
"who died at St. Louis, Missouri, in 1849. His 
mother is also deceased. 

J. D. Ferree was reared on a farm, and 
afterward taught school in Illinois. Subse- 
quently, in 1865, he was engaged in the life 
insurance business. Having been left without 
a father when ten years of age, he has been 
obliged to support himself since that time, and 
has won his own way in the world. He came 
from Keokuk to Ottumwa, Iowa, March 17, 
1878, and at once entered business. He or- 
ganized the Ottumwa Loan and Building As- 
sociation, of which he became secretary. Dr. 
Williams acted as vice-president and treasurer. 
They are at the present time gradually closing 
up the business of the company, as the various 
series issued fall due. The company has pros- 
pered, and its patrons have also reaped their 
full share of the benefits. In May, 1888, Mr. 
Ferree organized the Wapello County Loan 
and Building Association, of which he was 
made secretary; its business is also being 
closed up. In 1893 he organized the Fidelity 
Loan and Building Association, a State com- 
pany, of which he served as secretary until re- 
cently, when be was elected president. His 
son-in-law, C. F. Collison, is secretary, and 
Calvin Manning is treasurer. The company is 
engaged in active business at the present time, 
and has excellent office rooms in the Hoffman. 
Building. In 1896 Mr. Ferree organized the 
Ottumwa Loan, Building and Savings Asso- 
ciation, of which he is president; Mr. Collison 
is secretary and Mr. Manning treasurer. The 
two first named manage all the company's busi- 
ness. Mr. Ferree's daughter. Miss S. F. Fer- 
ree, is located in the same office with her fa- 
ther, and represents nine of the best insurance 




companies in the country. She has followed 
that business for the past nine years, and is a 
ver)' successful business woman. 

Mr. Ferree was united in marriage with 
Miss S. F. Nelson, who was born at Mount 
Pleasant, Iowa, in 1845, and is of English an- 
cestry. She was reared at Keokuk, Iowa. 
This union resulted in the following offspring : 
Mrs. Capt. T. P. Martin, whose husband is 
in the oil business at Beaumont, Texas ; jMrs. 
Gardner, of Fort Dodge, Iowa; Aliss S. F., 
who is in the insurance business in Ottumwa ; 
Mrs. McAllister, whose husband is division 
superintendent of the American Transit Com- 
pany at Kansas City, Missouri; Airs. J. Frank 
Kerfcot, A\hose husband is in the clothing busi- 
ness in Ottumwa ; and Mrs. C. F. Collison, 
whose husband came to Ottumwa from Keo- 
kuk, where he was connected with the Daily 
Constitution, — he was a soldier in the Spanish- 
American war. Fraternally !\lr. Ferree was 
made a Mason at Ottumwa, and has taken the 
thirty-second, or Scottish Rite, degree. He is a 
member of the Des Moines Consistory. His 
wife is a member (jf the Daughters of the 
American Revolution. In religious views they 
are Episcopalians. He has a \ery comfort- 
able home in the Third A\'ard, Ottumwa. 

ceased. The Ottumwa Daily Courier, 
of January 30, 1899, contained the 
following : 
Col. Dwight Bannister, one of Ottumwa's 

oldest, most prominent and honored citizens 
and pioneer business men, passed away at 
8 :20 o'clock this morning at his home on Col- 
lege street. He has been a resident of Ottum- 
wa since June, 1875, and throughout that 
period, up to the 1st of January of this year, 
had been acti\-ely engaged in business, having 
been president of the Ottumwa Gas Light, 
Heat & Power Company for the past twenty- 
four years. He was for twelve ^•ears a mem- 
ber of the Ottumwa school board, being presi- 
dent of tliat body during a large part of tliat 
period. Colonel Bannister was loved and re- 
spected by all who knew him. He was of a 
retiring disposition, adverse to notoriety of any 
kind, and very reserved in manner, but no 
more honorable or upright man e^■er called Ot- 
tumwa his home. 

Dwight Bannister was born in Ontario 
countv. New York, February 3, 1833, his fa- 
ther being Col. Asahel Bannister, who was a 
soldier in the AA'ar of 1812. In early man- 
hood he left New York State and went to Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, and was for several years 
agent for the Illinois Central Railroad Com- 
pany in disposing of the area included in its 
lancl grant. He afterward became acquainted 
with Salmon P- Chase, then governor of Ohio, 
and was appointed his private secretary. He 
accompanied Air. Chase on his tour during the 
presidential campaign of i860, when Air. 
Chase stumped the country for Lincoln. At 
that time he gained the friendship of many men 
who afterward acted prominent parts in the 
great conflict then fast approaching. During 
this period he devoted his spare moments to the.- 



study of law, and was admitted to the bar in 
1858, but on the outbreak of the RebelHon he 
answered the first call and enlisted in a battery 
of Ohio artillery. When Mr. Chase became 
secretary oif the treasury, he, of his own motion, 
had his young friend appointed a paymaster in 
the army. This position he held during the rest 
of the war, and for many years thereafter he 
served in the same capacity in the regular army, 
on what was then the western frontier. Al- 
though not a line oifficer he freciuently volun- 
teered for duty on the field of battle, and was 
once accorded special coimmendation by General 
Lander for gallantry in action. May 26, 1864, 
he was married to Livinia Murdoch, of Ur- 
bana, Ohio. He resigned from the army on 
account of having a serious illness, which ren- 
dered him unable to longer withstand the ex- 
posure his duties recjuired. He went back to 
Ohio and commenced the practice of law at 
Urbana, being connected with the office of 
Judge Robert Fulton. Judge Fulton shortly 
afterward removed to Columbus, Ohio, and 
Colonel Bannister came to Ottumwa. His life 
here is well known to the people of our city. 
He was an upright Christian rentleman, just 
and honorable in all his dealings and was well 
beloved by all who knew him. He was a great 
lover of horticulture and had spent much time 
and labor in trying to find what varieties of 
fruit and flowers could be made to thrive in our 
rigorous climate. The results of this work 
will be of permanent value. He leaves a wife 
and four children, Amy { who died in Ottumwa 
several years ago), Edith, M. Chase, a physi- 
cian, and Robert J., all residing in Ottumwa. 

Dwight Bannister's record for bravery 
while a soldier in the Civil war was surpassed 
by that of but few men. He was major and 
paymaster on the staff of General Lander, and 
one incident in particular during his career is 
worthy of mention. This incident is spoken of 
at length in Schmucker's "History of the Civil 
War in the United States," and is as follows: 
"The long and monotonous inactivity which 
had characterized the Army of the Potomac 
near Washington during some months was 
agreeably broken on the 14th of February, 
1862, by a bold and sudden movement of a 
part of the troops commanded by General 
Lander. That officer having ascertained that 
the brigade of the Confederate general, Carson, 
4,000 in number, had taken a strong position 
at Bloomery Gap, resolved to attack them. He 
ordered the 500 cavalry attached to his brigade 
to take the advance, and, having reached the 
Cacapon River, to construct a bridge "for the 
passage of the infantry who were to follow. 
This order was promptly executed. Twenty 
wagons were placed at intervals in the river, 
over which planks were laid, and thus in sev- 
eral hours at night a bridge was constructed, 
180 feet in length, which admirably answered 
the purpose of transportation. It was located 
at a point several miles distant from the Caca- 
pon River Railroad, and about the same dis- 
tance from Bloomery Gap, the contemplated 
scene of conflict. General Lander had intended 
to make the attack during the night, and, hav- 
ing driven the enemy through the Gap, to pur- 
sue them with the cavalry and to capture the 
ofiicers and many of the men. But the enemy 



had already left their position, either suspicious 
of an attack or forewarned of General Lander's 
/.jjproach, so that when the Federal troops 
charged through the Gap they encountered no 
one. General Lander ordered an immediate pur- 
suit on the Winchester road by his cavalry, fol- 
lowed and supported by the Eighth Ohio and 
Seventh Virginia regiments. They overtook 
the retreating foe about two miles from the 
Gap. The Confederates received them with' a 
sharp fire of musketry, under which the cavalry 
wavered and showed unexpected signs of cow- 
ardice. In vain Gaieral Lander ordered them 
to advance and charge. Not a man stirred. The 
General then exclaimed "Follow me." One 
private only, named John Cannon, answered 
the appeal. Accompanied by this solitary hero 
and by Major Armstrong, his adjutant, Major 
Bannister, and Fitz James 0"]>rien, members 
of his staff. General Lander rode forward to- 
ward a group of Confederate officers several 
hundred yards distant and ordered them to sur- 
render. The boldness and daring of this move- 
ment seemed to have paralyzed those officers, 
and they immediately complied. But the Con- 
federate infantry, posted in the adjacent woods, 
having commenced a brisk fire, General Lander 
ordered Colonel Anestanzel to attack them with 
his cavalry and attempt to secure their bag- 
gage, while the movement was to be supported 
by the infantry. At first the cavalry seemed 
disposed to refuse obedience and General 
Lander, justly enraged at their cowardice, shot 
at one of his men without hitting him. After 
repeated orders the cavalry advanced and 
charged upon the enemy, who were then re- 

treating. The pursuit was continued for eight 
miles under Colonel Carroll's direction, until 
he reached the limits of General Lander's de- 
partment. The result of this engagement was 
the capture of i8 commissioned officers and 45 
non-commissioned officers and privates, to- 
gether with 15 baggage wagons. The loss of 
the Confederates was 30 killed and that of the 
Federals, seven killed and wounded. The rout 
of the enemy was complete, notwithstanding 
the inefficiency of the cavalry. That ineffi- 
ciency was attributed to the fact that several 
of their officers were absent, that they 
had never before been under fire, and that they 
were unaccustomed to practice with the saber." 
A portrait of Col. Dwight Bannister ac- 
com.panies this sketch, being presented on a 
foregoing page. 

ILLIAM B. WYCOFF, a progress- 
ive citizen of Ottumwa, Iowa, is 
, engaged in the real estate and loan 
business, and has his office in the 
Hoffman Block. He has been located in the 
county since 1853, and is well known through- 
out this section. He was bom near Coshoc^ 
ton, Coshocton county, Ohio, May 6, 1841, and 
is a son of James and Rachel (Cecil) Wycoff. 
James Wycoff was born in Pennsylvania, 
but moved to Ohio with his father at a very 
early age. He was a contractor and built the 
White \^'^oman Canal near Coshocton, from 
Lake Erie to the White Woman River. He 
engaged in contracting there until 1846, and 



then came west to Burlington, Iowa, being on 
his way to Raccoon Forks, where Des Moines 
is now located. Receiving discouraging re- 
ports from parties returning from Central 
Iowa, whom they met at AVaugh's Point, now 
the town of Hedrick, they then returned to Jef- 
ferson county, Iowa, and settled there. He 
was soon taken ill and died at the age of sixty 
years. His wid(jw died about six years later. 
They were parents of seven children : Eliza 
(Rhamey), deceased; Delilali (Good), of Ore- 
gon; Haziel, a soldier (jf the Ci\'il War, who 
died in 1870; Peter, formerly in charge of a 
government ferry in the West, is now a resi- 
dent of the State of AA'ashington, — he was also 
a soldier of the Civil War; James, a resident of 
Barron, AA'isconsin, who was a soldier of the 
Civil AA^ar, but mainly spent his term of ser^'- 
ice in charge of, or as assistant steward of, a 
hospital in Indianapolis, Indiana; AA'illiam B., 
the subject of this personal history ; and Rachel, 
who resided with her brother, AA' B., and died 
at the age of about thii'ty years. Mrs. AA'ycoff 
formed a second union by wedding John Vin- 
son, of Kentucky, who brought with him to 
Iowa a hand corn-mill. In 185 1 the highest 
water mark ever recorded in AA''apell0' county 
was reached, and people came from many 
miles, awaiting their turn to use this hand mill. 
AA'illiam B. AA^ycofT was about five years 
old when he came to Jefferson county, Iowa, 
in 1846, and in 1853 he located in AA'^apello' 
county, about four miles north of Ottumwa. 
He followed farming for soiiie years, and now 
owns a farm one mile north of Ottumwa, where 
he resided much of the time, although his home 

is now on AA'est Fourth street, Ottumwa. He 
built a house and other buildings on the farm, 
made many improvements, and has one of the 
most valuable pieces of farm land in his part 
of the county. He has been engaged in the 
real estate business more. or less for the past 
twenty years, and has built numerous houses 
in the city. He has offices in the Hoffman 
Block, and deals in city and farm property, — ■ 
also making loans. He has worked up a well- 
pa}'ing patronage, and his business is in a 
thriving condition. 

At the age of twenty-one years Air. A\'}'coff 
was united in marriage with Sarah E. Martin, 
who was born in Indiana, in -1840, and was 
brought to Iowa in 1843. The following chil- 
dren have blessed their union : Laura J. and 
Flora J., twins, ^\ho died within two weeks of 
each other, aged two and a half years; Airs. 
! Mary E. Bedwell, of Enid, Oklahoma; JMrs. 
C ora AI. Shexye}-, whose husband is a traveling 
man of this city; Airs. Anna AI. Conro}-, of 
iVIasoii City, Iowa, where her husband is editor 
of the Globe-Gazcttc; and J. C, who lives just 
north of Ottumwa on his farm. 

MIL FECHT, who has been located in 
Ottumwa, Iowa, since April, 1892, 
is the well-known proprietor of the 
extensive manufacturing establish- 
ment of the AA'apello Cigar Company. 

Air. Fecht was born in the Upper Penin- 
sula of Michigan in 1853, and received his 
education in the German-American Seminarji 




of Detroit. He learned the tobacco business 
with John J. Bagley & Company, of Detroit, 
Michigan, obtaining a complete understanding 
of its details. He moved to Ottumwa, AVa- 
pello county, Iowa, to associate in the manu- 
facture of cigars with his brother, Julius Feclit, 
and the partnership continued until 1895. He 
then organized the Wapello Cigar Company 
and located at No. 106 East Main street, wher^j 
the concern occupies two stories and a base- 
ment. Under capable management the busi- 
ness has increased wonderfully, and the capac- 
ity for 1901 is about 1,000,000 cigars. Mr. 
Fecht is an advocate of consistent and sys- 
tematic advertising, and his business has in- 
creased about 30 per cent in 1901, without 
an additional outlay of money. The basement 
of the building is used for storage of raw ma- 
terials, about 60 cases of leaf tobacco being 
kept on hand. On the first floor, 60 by 26 
feet in dimensions, are the shipping room and 
office. The second floor, 80 by 26 feet in di- 
mensions, is where the cigars are manufac- 
tured. About 24 men are employed in the 
work altogether, under the superintendence of 
Frank Lewis. They produce many grades of 
cigars, the leading brands being "Gold Seal,'' 
"Twist Head" and "Little Yara," in the five- 
cent goods, and "Corona del Rey," in ten-cent 
goods. The Wapello Cigar Company is also 
the heaviest pipe jobber in the state of Iowa. 
Three men represent the house on the road, the 
territory being divided into north and south 
halves of Iowa and the north half of Missouri. 
Mr. Fecht is married and has two children : 
Alfred E., who is in business with his father; 


and Mrs. C. A. Braun, whose husband is a 
jeweler in Ottumwa. In politics Mr. Fecht 
is a Rq)ublican, and, especially, a protectionist. 
He has always taken an earnest interest m 
party aflairs, and in Michigan took the stumps 
in behalf of the party. At Ottumwa he has. 
always favored municipal ownership of the^ 
water works, and is deeply interested in secur- 
ing a public park, the lack of which is one of 
the most prominent deficiencies of the city. 
The fine natural waterway afforded by the Des 
Moines River offers some excellent sites for a 
public park, and Mr. Fecht is putting forth his 
best efforts to have a park established west of 
the city and within easy access. Fraternally 
he is a member of the B. P. O. E. ; Knights of 
the Maccabees; and Court of Honor. He is 
also a member of Lodge No. 69, A. F. & A. 
M., of Ottumwa. 

AVID COBLER, a prosperous farmer- 
of Highland township, Wapello coun- 
ty, Iowa, whose portrait is shown on 
the opposite page, is living in section 
20, range 13. Fie was born in Tippecanoe 
county, Indiana, October 28, 1837, and is a son 
of Lewis and grandson of David Cobler, 

Lewis Cobler was a son of David and 
Nancy (Travis) Cobler, and was born in 
Adams county, Ohio, in 1810. His parents 
were natives of Pennsylvania and Maryland. 
In 1828 Lewis Cobler went to Indiana, where 
he located on a farm on the Wabash River, 
near Lafayette, and remained there about 



fifteen years. In 1833 he married, and in 1843, 
with his wife and family, removed to Wapello 
county, where, at the opening of the "New Pur- 
chase," he entered a quarter section of land, 
which was situated in Dahlonega and Highland 
townships. Lewis Cobler and his wife had six 
children, who lived tO' maturity, as follows : 
Mary Ann, the wife O'f Jacob Goudy, now liv- 
ing in Nebraska ; Eady, the wife of William 
Henry Miller ; David ; Sarepta, deceased, the 
wife of Jackson Harmon, who lived in Pleas- 
ant township ; Minerva, who married James 
Work, and died in 1899, her husband dying in 
1896; and Rhoda Jane, who married Thomas 
Rhiner, of Dahlonega township. The mother 
of these childreen was born in 181 3, and her 
death occurred January 6, 1873. 

David Cobler, whose name heads this 
sketch, received but a limited education. He 
has always followed the occupation of a farmer 
and for many years engaged in the raising and 
selling of mules. He is a self-made man, and is 
held in high esteem by all his fellow citizens. A 
man of robust physique, gentle in manner and 
voice, one is readily attracted to him by his 
kindliness. He has been very successful, and 
has now reached a stage of prosperity where he 
can enjoy in ease the fruits of his years of toil. 
His farm is one of the most beautiful in High- 
land township, and its general appearance 
speaks well foT its owner's thrift and prosperity. 
In addition to farming in a general way, he 
took great interest for a number of )'ears in the 
breeding of fine Hereford cattle. 

Mr. Cobler was married to Guelma Hoover, 
January 19, 1861. She was a native of Indiana, 

and her death occurred September 24, 1872. 
Five children were born to this couple, as fol- 
lows : Elmer, who married Mrs. Elwood 
Buckner; Marion, who married Maggie 
Young, and lives in Oklahoma; Charles, who 
married Rosie McCuen, and lives near New- 
kirk, Oklahoma; and Lewis, who died July 2, 
1900, in his twenty-ninth year. The other child 
died in infancy. 

Mr. Cobler married, secondly, Sarah Bell 
Hedrick, a daughter of Wesley and Mary Hed- 
rick. They were married in 1873, and are the 
parents of five children, namely: Mary, the 
wife of Lawrence McCuen, who lives near 
Newkirk, Oklahoma; Katie, who married 
Philip Ackerman, and lives in Keokuk county, 
Iowa ; Frederick ; Elizabeth ; and David. 

Mr. Cobler is a Republican, in politics. He 
has many friends in Wapello county, where he 
is held in high esteem. 

LAUDE W. THORNTON, a business 
man of recognized ability, is secre- 
tary and manager of the La Crosse 
Lumber Company, which has had 
headquarters in Ottumwa only since January 
2, 1901, but whose future success here is as- 
sured. He was born, in 1867, at Louisiana, 
Pike county, Missouri, a place well known as 
"the home of Joe Bowers." 

Mr. Thornton is a son of Daniel and Lizzie 
(Hostetter) Thornton, who reared three chil- 
dren : J. C. ; Claude W. ; and Mrs. F. T. Car- 
roll. J. C, of Louisiana, Missouri, is superin- 



tendent of the Louisiana Telqahone Company, 
which is owned by the La Crosse Lumber Com- 
pany. It has 400 miles of toll line, with cen- 
tral exchange at Louisiana, connecting the 23 
towns in Missouri where their lumber yards 
are located. Mrs. F. T. Carroll's husband lives 
at Des Moines, and is identified with a steel 
range company, as its representative for the 
state of Iowa. 

Claude W. Thornton resided on the farm 
until 1886, when he was elected deputy col- 
lector of Pike county, which office he ably filled 
about three years. He engaged in the lumber 
business with the La Crosse Lumber Company 
on March i, 1890. This concern has been 
doing business in a large number of towns in 
Missouri, with headquarters at Louisiana, Mis- 
souri, since 1876. Charles G. Buffum is presi- 
dent of the company ; Frank W. Buffum, vice- 
president and treasurer ; and Claude W. Thorn- 
ton, secretary and manager. Frank W. Bufif- 
um has charge of the company interests in Mis- 
souri; the firm also has three retail yards in 
Illinois. There were many reasons for the" 
company selecting Ottumwa as headquarters. 
The city is centrally located, is a railroad cen- 
ter, is surrounded by a rich and prosperous 
farming country, and is in a coal region, — all 
of which goes to make Ottumwa the best man- 
ufacturing town in the State of Iowa. It is 
the aim of the company to later establish yards 
at different points in Iowa, with Mr. Thorn- 
ten in charge, having his headquarters at Ot- 
tumwa. Extensive improvements are in prog- 
ress on the company's grounds, at No. 623 
West Second street, which, when completed. 

will be an improvement tO' the city. The plot 
of land is 168 by 200 feet in extent, and on 
this, ten feet back from the sidewalk, will be 
erected three sheds extending the full length 
of the lots, with front constructed of pressed 
brick. Two sheds will be 34 feet wide and 
one shed 20 feet wide. The ten-foot space in 
front will be nicely fitted up with grass plots, 
giving thep lace a very attractive appearance. 
The three men at the head of this important 
concern have had many years of experience 
in the lumber business, and their efforts in Ot- 
tumwa will certainly be crowned with success. 
Mr. Thornton was united in marriage with 
Nannie Burnett, who was born at Burlington, 
Iowa, and is a daughter of T. L. Burnett. 
They have two children, Harry and Mabel, 
both of whom are attending school. Frater- 
nally Mr. Thornton is a Mason and a member 
of the Knights of Pythias ; he and his wife 
are members of the Eastern Star Lodge. In 
religious views he is a Baptist. His residence 
is located at No. 158 East Court street. 

AMES BURBAGE, a retired and pros- 
perous farmer of Agency township, 
Wapello county, Iowa, has been one 
of the leading men of the county since 
1844. He was born in the central part of 
England in 18 16, and that country was his 
home until he grew to manhood. In 1840 Mr. 
Burbage came to the United States, landing at 
New Orleans. He settled in Morgan county, 
Illinois, where he lived four years. There he 



carried on the occupation which he has followed 
all his life, that of tilling the soil. Mr. Bur- 
bage located in Wapello county, Iowa, in 1844, 
buying a farm on the county line eight miles 
east of Agency City. There he carried on gen- 
eral farming for a period of twenty-three years. 
In 1867 he bought his present home farm, west 
of Agency City, and since that time has lived 
there. There are but 12 acres in the place, but 
as Mr. Burbage has been retired for a number 
of years, this has proved to be quite enough. 
There is no more prosperous or better known 
man in the county than Mr. Burbage. He has 
been very successful. He is a kind and chari- 
table neighbor, lending support wherever it is 

Mr. Burbage married Elizabeth Pattridge, 
who died in 1894. He married for his second 
wife Airs. Mattie Dawson, who died October 
4, 1899, 3.ged sixty-five years. Politically he 
is a Republican. Religiously he is an attend- 
ant of the Methodist church. 

K. DYSART is proprietor and man- 
ager of the J. K. Dysart Clothing 
Company, one of the best establish- 
ments of its kind in the city, and has 
been located here since May, 1889. He was 
born in Tennessee, and is a son of J. L. Dysart, 
coming of a prominent old family of his na- 
tive State. 

J. L. Dysart is a blacksmith and wagon- 
maker by trade, and now lives in Ottumwa. 
While most of the family were naturally Con- 

federates, not so with J. L. Dysart, who en- 
listed in the Union army and served with an 
Iowa regiment during the war. His wife is 
now dead. They had three children : Mrs, 
F. P. Baer, whose husband is employed in the 
Model clothing store of J. B. Sax, of Ottumwa; 
M. B., who is in the flour and feed business at 
Appleton City, Missouri; and J. K., the sub- 
ject of this personal history. 

J. K. Dysart was reared mainly in Southern 
Iowa, to which section he came with his fa- 
ther's family when young. He spent some 
years in the South Iowa Normal School, but 
passed most of his youth in hustling to earn, 
his living. He began by learning telegraphy 
at Brooklyn, Iowa, but engaged in the clothing 
business at the age of eighteen years. He 
was located for about three years at David 
City, Nebraska, and then at Grand Island, Ne- 
braska, where he was engaged in the clothing 
business for some years. He came to Ot- 
tumwa in May, 1889, and became identified 
with the Golden Eagle clothing store as a 
salesman; it was owned by Samuel Stern, of 
Chicago. He embarked in his present busi- 
ness in Ottumwa seven years ago, under the 
firm name of the J. K. Dysart Clothing Com- 
pany. He was first located at No. 229 East 
Main street two years, was afterward in the 
Baker Building for some time, and then he 
moved to his present location, fronting on 
Main and Market streets — No. 203 Main street 
and No. 118 South Market street. He has- 
increased his stock to twice its original size, 
and the business has grown far beyond expec- 
tations. The store is 130 feet deep, and is 




stocked with everything in the clothing Hne, 
also with hats, caps, trunks, valises and other 
lines. He employs from four tO' six clerks, 
and they are kept exceedingly busy handling 
the trade. Mr. Dysart has traveled quite ex- 
tensively, making several trips to. New York 
City and also going west to Montana and 
Idaho, where he spent a summer. 

Mr. Dysart was united in marriage at 
Bloomfield, Iowa, with Miss Corner, of Mis- 
souri, who was also reared in Southern Iowa, 
and they have three children : Zella, aged 
twelve years ; Helen ; and James Julian. He 
has a fine residence at No. 416 North Green 
street. In politics, though reared a Democrat, 
he now supports the Republican party. He iv, 
a member of the Sons of Veterans, and is now 
a captain. He is also a member of the Royal 
Arcanum and ' the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. In religious views he and his fam- 
ily are Methodists. 

R. A. O. WILLIAMS, whose portrait 

appears on the foregoing page, is one 

of the leading physicians and sur-' 

geons of Ottumwa, Wapello county, 

Iowa. He was born in Nauvoo-, Illinois, in 

1850, and is a son of A. O. and Minerva 

(Townsend) Williams. 

A. O. Williams, Sr., was born in Portage 
county, Ohioi, in 1826, and was there reared 
and educated. The family moved to Nauvoo, 
Illinois, in 1849, ^^^ he followed the trade of a 

druggist during his active career. For the last 
twenty years of his life he lived in retirement at 
Belvidere, Illinois, where he died in 1896. His 
widow, who was born in 1835, is now residing 
at Marion, Iowa. They were parents of two 
children : A. O. ; and George T., who resides 
at Ida Grove, Iowa. 

Dr. A. O. Williams attended the State Uni- 
versity of Iowa, and was graduated with the 
class of 1873, with the degree of A. B. ; during 
a part of his course he taught German to some 
extent. He then attended lectures in the med^ 
ical department of the same institution, and, 
after graduating, in 1875, entered upon the 
practice of medicine, at Eldon, Iowa. He con- 
tinued there for one year, and then moved to 
Ottumwa, where he has since been located. 
His success was assured from the start, and he 
now has a large and profitable practice. HeTias 
been surgeon for the Chicago, Burlington & 
Quincy Railroad Company since 1885, for the 
Chicago^ Rock Island & Pacific Railway Com- 
pany since 1875, and is surgeon for the Ottum- 
wa Electric Street Railway Company. He is 
a member of the American Medical Associa- 
tion, the National Association of Railway Sur- 
geons, and the American Academy of Medi- 

In 1880, Dr. Williams was united in mar- 
riage with Nettie C. Warden, of Ottumwa, and 
they have three children : Bessie, Jeanette and 
Virginia. Fraternally, the Doctor is a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Pythias, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks and Modern \A'ood- 
men of America. 



ICHAEL SCHWARZ, one of the 
progressive business men of Ot- 
tumwa, Iowa, is wholesale distrib- 
utor for the Leisy Brewing Com- 
pany, of Peoria, and runs a retail liquor store 
in connection with that work, being located at 
No. 336 North Main street. 

Mr. Schwarz was born in Lorenz, Ger- 
many, in 1857, and was reared there. He 
came to America in 1883, and located at Ot- 
tumwa, Iowa, where for some years he workeq' 
in the Hoffman Brewery. When the brew- 
eries were closed through the prohibition acts, 
he engaged in business for himself, and has 
since been alone. For several years he has had 
the wholesale agency for the Leisy Brewing 
Company, of Peoria, having also handled 
Lemp's beer for a time. He employs from 
four to six people in the establishment, and 
handles from 10 to 15 carloads per month. 
He has given the business a personal superin- 
tendence, and his affairs are in a thriving con- 
dition. He handles both bottled and keg beer, 
and does a very large case business. Froni 
1892 to 1897 he was assisted in his business by 
Fred Fenner, who died in 1897, since which 
time Mrs. Fenner has occupied the position of 
secretary, and has ably assisted in the business. 
Mr. Schwarz was united in marriage with 
Barbara Rainewald, who was reared at Keo- 
kuk, Iowa, and they have six children : Liz- 
zie; Annie; Clara; Nellie; Mamie; and Paul- 
ine. His home is on the corner of Fourth and 
College streets. In politics he is a stanch 
Democrat. He is a member of the Eagles. 

J. MADER, a well-known resident? 
of Ottumwa, Iowa, holds a very 
important position as an official of 
the United States government, being 
an inspector of live stock and meats at the 
great packing establishment of John Morrell & 
Company, Limited. He was born in Hamilton 
county, Indiana, in 1840, and is a son of Jacob 

Jacob Mader, who- was a native of Ger- 
many, came to this country at an early age, and 
located in Indiana when he was twenty-seven 
years old. He engaged in farming there, and, 
being a miller by trade, operated a mill. He 
moved to Wapello county, Iowa, where he was 
engaged in farming until 1859, and then re- 
moved to Mahaska county, Iowa, where he 
died in 1875, at the age of sixty-six years. 
His wife died in Kansas in 1887, at the age 
of seventy-eight years. They had one son ancj 
two daughters, as follows: A. J.; Lucinda 
(Wray), of Mahaska county, Iowa; and Ro- 
quett, who resides in Kansas. 

A. J. Mader was reared in Indiana until he 
was thirteen years of age, and had very lim- 
ited school advantages. He has cared for 
himself almost since childhood, and has 
worked himself up to a high station in the 
city in which he lives. He first engaged in 
farming on his father's farm, and during his 
twentieth and twenty-first years worked out; 
for other farmers at a salary of $9 per month. 
He engaged in this line of work until 1864, 
when he embarked in the live stock business. 
He made his headquarters in Ottumwa and 



bought and shipped stock to Chicago', con- 
tinuing in this business for a period of eleven 
years. In 1875 he commenced work as mil- 
ler in the starch factory when it was first estab- 
lished, and acted as such for four years. In 
1879 he became assistant miller in the plant oi 
Keiser & Pierson, continuing with that firm 
until 1 89 1, in which year he was appointed 
chief of police of Ottumwa. He served one 
term in that capacity and then accepted his 
present position as inspector of live stock and 
meats at the packing house of John Morrell & 
Company, Limited. He is associated in the 
office with Dr. Miller and John Payton. It it 
a very important position, as all stock killed 
must first be inspected by them, and they then 
judge as to the quality of the meat sent out 
from the great establishment. 

Mr. Mader was united in marriage in Wa- 
pello county, to Marion McCarthy; she was 
born in Ohio, a daughter of William McCar- 
thy, and came here with her father when 
twelve years of age. Her mother now lives in 
South Ottumwa, and her brothers and sisters, 
with one excqDtion, reside in this county. Mr. 
and Mrs. Mader have seven children: Fan- 
nie (Andrews), of Cedar Rapids, Iowa; John 
A., a shipping clerk in the packing house at 
Ottumwa; Norman, who is in the employ of 
Charles Graves, of Ottumwa; Lulu May; 
Alice; Mabel; and Worth. In politics, Mr. 
Mader is a Democrat. Fraternally, he was 
made a Mason at Fremont, Iowa, and now 
belongs tO' the blue lodge at Ottumwa. In 
religious views, he is liberal. A peculiarity 
of the Mader family is that only one son of 

each generation has raised a family, as far 
back as can be traced. Mr. Mader resided on 
Court Hill a good many years, and now resides 
at No. 553 North Green street. 

W. CUMMINGS, one of the sub- 
stantial business men of Ottumwa, 
Iowa, first located in this city in 
1869, and is at the present time en- 
gaged in supplying ice to the citizens of Ot- 
tumwa, having the leading business of the kind. 
He was born in Livingston county. New York, 
in i860, and is a son of John F. and Sarah 
(Welsh) Cummings. 

John F. Cummings, who is now seventy 
years of age, and lives in the west, followed 
farming in New York state for many years : 
upon corning to Ottumwa he engaged in team- 
ing, and engaged in the coal and wood busi- 

W. W. Cummings was one and a half years 
old when his parents removed to Virginia. He 
was brought by them to Ottumwa, Iowa, July 
5, 1869, and here he spent his early years. He 
evinced a liking for railroad grade-work and 
began contracting in 1876, his first work being 
at Beckwith, Iowa, on the Chicago, Burlington 
& Quincy Railroad, where he turned the first 
furrows. He later did contract grade-work 
on several different roads, and helped on the 
Denver cut-off, between Holdredge and Ox- 
ford, Nebraska. He handled large gangs of 
men, and followed that line of business until 
1890, in different states. He then entered the 



ice business, and has since made his home at 
Ottumwa. He started in this business with one 
team ; he has built up a custom which requires 
the use of five teams, and has the principal trade 
of the city. In the winter, he employs from 
60 to 75 men and 10 teams, in putting up ice, 
and in the summer, 1 1 men and five teams. He 
built a fine ice house with a capacity of 5,000 
to 6,000 tons, and has it well arranged and 
equipped. He has put in a 1,6-liorse power en- 
gine for hoisting ice from the river by means 
of endless chains, — thus saving expense and 
time. He has also built an excellent barn for 
his teams. Mr. Cummings owns four dwelling 
houses in South Ottumwa, which he rents, and 
also a large block on Church street. In 1901, 
Mr. Cummings purchased the Paul Emelang 
residence, on the corner of Ward and Division 
streets, which he has greatly improved, and it 
will be his home after November i, 1901. Mr. 
Cummings does considerable farming, and 
raises corn and grain for feed. He is wholly 
self made, and has always been an excellent 
business manager. He is a man of pleasing- 
personality, and has many friends throughout 
this vicinity. 

Mr. Cummings was united in marriage, at 
Ottumwa, with Molly Jeffries, a daughter of 
B. W. Jeffries, an early resident of this city. 
She was born in the home where her husband 
now lives, and was one of five sisters, namelv : 
Mrs. Luella Finley; Mrs. S. P. Crips; Mrs. W. 
S. Crips; Mrs. G. W. Hatch; and Mrs. Cum- 
mings. Three children blessed this union, as 
follows: Halla W., aged thirteen years; Bir- 
dena F., aged seven years; and Anna L., aged 

two years. In politics, Mr. Cummings is a 
strong Republican. Fraternally, he is a mem- 
ber of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
and has served through all the chairs. He is a 
Methodist in religious views. 

LEY, a well known resident of Ot- 
tumwa, Iowa, was born January 12, 
1847, at Terre Haute, Indiana, and is 
a son of J. J. and Eliza (Arnold) Hamers- 

J. J. Hamersley, who was born at Zanes- 
ville, Ohio, went as a young man to Ken- 
tucky, and was married at Louisville. He had 
.seven brothers, all of whom served in the army 
during the Civil war. He followed milling 
as a business during his entire life, building 
several mills in Iowa, one of which was in 
Ringgold county. He came to Wapello county 
in 1847, when the subject hereof was an in- 
fant, and afterward moved to Agency City, 
where he died January 20, 1861, at the age 
of sixty-five years. Politically, he was a strong 
Republican. His wife's family, the Arnolds, 
located in Missouri during the early days, and 
three-quarters of them participated in the Civil 
war, on the side of the South. She died June 
22, 1896, at Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, at. 
the age of sixty-eight years. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hamersley were the parents of the follow- 
ing children: Thomas Jefferson; Cynthia, 
wife of M. M. Albertson, residing in Central 
Addition, Ottumwa : Jane, who was the wife of 




A. L. Dickerson, and died twenty-five years 
ago ; Sarah, wife of G. W. Walker, of Ottum- 
wa; ;\Iary Ellen, who died thirty-eight years 
ago at Lancaster, jNIissouri ; C. H. ; and W. F., 
a stone-mason, residing in Ottumwa. 

Thomas J. Hamersley learned his trade, 
that of boiler-making, at an early age, serving 
.an apprenticeship with Peter Hershaw, who 
■conducted a shop in Ottumwa. He helped build 
the first boiler made in Ottumwa, and for a 
time worked in the shops of Drake & Spivey. 
He entered the employ of the Chicago, Bur- 
lington & Quincy Railroad Company, in 1879, 
•as boiler-maker, at the Ottumwa roundhouse. 
He was foreman of the repair gang and had 
charge of the shops some four or five years. 
He continued with this company until the 
strike of 1896, when he w^ent to work in the 
shops of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railway Company. For the past ten years he 
has done a large amount of contract work in 
the employ of that road, and also at the plant 
of the Fair- Williams Company, of .Ottumwa. 
He is a mechanic of great skill and has been 
very successful in his work. 

Mr. Hamersley was united in marriage 
with Ida L. Vest, who w^as born at Boone, 
Iowa, forty-two years ago, and is a daughter 
•of J. J. Vest, who has lived here since 1865. 
She is one of several children, namely ; Ada 
Louise, wife of Stephen McBride, a blacksmith 
■of South Ottumwa; Alice, wife of Captain 
Ogle, who is now with a Nebraska regiment 
in the Philippines; Charles, who is a stock- 
man of Plum Creek, Nebraska; William, de- 
-ceased, a former partner of Charles; James 

William; C. B.; Thomas N.; and A. L., 
and James, a stone-mason of Ottumwa. Mr. 
Hamersley and his wife are the parents of 
four children : James William, aged twenty- 
three years, is a boiler-maker by trade, and is 
now in the employ of the Chicago, Milwaukee 
& St. Paul Railway Company; he married 
Stella Ross, of Laddsdale, Iowa, and resides in 
South Ottumwa. C. B., aged twenty years, is\ 
also a boiler-maker and works with his fa- 
ther ; he married Cora Ross, and resides at 
the home of his father, the two .brothers hav- 
ing had a double wedding Thomas N. and 
A. L. are serving their time as boiler-maker 
apprentices. Mr. HamersJey has spent a 
great deal of his time in looking up and gath- 
ering curios from the Des Moines River and 
vicinity, and has a very fine collection. 

EORGE D. LOTTRIDGE, one of the 
pioneer settlers of Center township, 
Wapelloi county, Iowa, whose por- 
trait is shown on the opposite page, 
was born in Athens county, Ohio, April 23, 
1838, and is a son of Thomas and Catherine 
(Donahugh) Lottridge, and a grandson of 
Bernardus B. and Abigail (Bull) Lottridge. 

Bernardus B. Lottridge \\as born in New 
York. He went from there to Athens county, 
Ohio, and was one of the first settlers in that 
part of Ohio-. He entered some land and built 
a rude log cabin, which had no door. He had 
one bed, and a trundle bed, in which the chil- 
dren slept. At one side of the room was an 



old-fashioned fire-place; ooe night a panther 
entered the room, and after lying down at the 
fire-place for a short time, got up, walked over 
to the trundle bed and, after sniffing at the 
sleeping children, started tO' leave the room. 
By this time, Mr. Lottridge was thoroughly 
awakened, and snatching a fire brand, he hurled 
it at the panther's head. The aim was not 
amiss, and the panther, with a howl oi rage, 
leaped from the room, and out into the dark- 
ness of the night. Mr. Lottridge married Abi- 
gail Bull, and both died in Athens county, Ohio, 
in the early "forties." 

Thomas Lottridge was born in Carthage 
township, Athens county, Ohio. He was reared 
on his father's farm. He removed toi Hocking 
county, and located near Logan, where he com- 
menced farming for himself. In 1855, he re- 
moved to Polk township, Wapello county, 
Iowa, where he had entered a farm, in 1849, 
and there he spent the remainder of his days. 
His death took place in 1880. He married 
Catherine Donahugh. To them were born the 
following children: Esther (Green) of Mis- 
souri; Leander, who died in Center township 
in 1893 ; George D., the subject of this sketch; 
William, who was in the government service as 
a wagon master, and died at Nebraska City, 
while freighting across the plains; John, who 
is a railroad man; B. B., who died in June, 
1901; Eliza (Barrows), of Missouri; and W. 
D., of Ottumwa, who is engaged in a meat 

George D. Lottridge was reared and 
schooled in Athens and Hocking counties, 
Ohio. When he was seventeen years old, his 

parents removed to Wapello county, where he 
learned the trade of a carpenter. This he fol- 
lowed, in connection with farming, all his life. 
In April, 1861, he enlisted in an Iowa regiment, 
but as this was the first call for volunteers, the 
regiment was full, and he was obliged tO' wait 
for the second call, when he enlisted for three 
years in Company K, Second Regiment Iowa 
Volunteer Infantry, at Keokuk, Iowa. He was 
in the Army of the Tennessee, and took part 
in the battles of Shiloh, Donelson, and other 
engagements up to the evacuation of Corinth. 
He also served three months in the Invalid 
Corps, and had some very narrow escapes dur- 
ing his career as a soldier. He was mustered 
out at Davenport, Iowa, in June, 1864, after 
which he returned to Ottumwa. 

Mr. Lottridge bought a farm of forty-one 
acres, in Center township, in 1873. There he 
has carried on farming e\'er since. He has 
'been engaged in raising poultry, and has also 
been interested in bee culture. He is a eon- 
scientioiUB farmer, and is identified with all the 
prominent enterprises which have been under- 
taken in Wapello county. 

Mr. Lottridge was united in marriage with 
Josephine Dunkle, in Columbia township, in 
1866. She \\as born in Ohio and was a daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Rachel Dunkle. They 
were natives of Vinton county, Ohio, and set- 
tled in Columbia township, Wapello county, 
Iowa, and later moved to Blue Springs, Ne- 
braska, where the mother died. May 9, 1901. 
The father still lives in Nebraska. Mr. and 
Mrs. Lottridge have been the parents of nine- 
children, namely: Anna (Roberts), of Wood- 



burn, Oregon; Philetta, who married J. Stan- 
cer, of Ottumwa; Sarah (Baucus), of Ottum- 
wa; George; Thomas; Charles; Bertha May, 
wife of W. H. Israel, of Des Moines, Iowa; 
Lillian M. ; and Maurice. 

Mr. Lottridge is a Republican, in politics, 
and takes an active interest in local politics. 
He served as trustee of his township for a 
period of twelve years. Pie has been a member 
O'f Cloutman Post, No. 69, G. A. R., of Ottum- 
wa. He is a member of the Methodist church 
on Willard street, in South Ottumwa. There 
is no man in Wapello county whO' is held in 
higher esteem than Mr. Lottridge, and his 
friends in the county are legion. 

3BERT PORTER, who has been lo- 
cated at Ottumwa, Iowa, since 1857, 
is a member of the firm of Porter 
Brothers & Hackworth, wholesale and 
retail harness dealers, who manufacture their 
own goods. This establishment is one- of the 
oldest business houses in the city, and is in ex- 
cellent financial condition, 

Mr. Porter was born near Connellsville, 
Fayette county, Pennsylvania, in 1834, and at 
the age of twenty years had completed his ap- 
prenticeship as a harnessmaker. He then went 
to Virginia, where he spent three years prior to 
locating in Ottumwa. Here he followed his 
trade in the employ of different parties, and in 
1859 started a retail store for himself on the 
second lot east of his present location. Some 
years later, he located on the corner of Main 

and Market streets, where the Ottumwa Na- 
tional Bank now stands. His establishment 
was burned in 1867, and in 1868 he erected his 
present building at No. 104 East Main street;, 
it is 140 by 125 feet, in dimensions, consists of 
three stories and basement, and was one of the 
first buildings of brick built in the city. The 
firm did business under the style of Cope & 
Porter, and was dissolved in 1872. The firm 
of Porter Brothers & Hackworth was then 
formed, with Robert Porter as manager. They 
manufacture harness and make a specialty of 
collars. (on which Mr. Porter has a valuable 
patent)— particularly, high grade buggy har- 
ness collars, some run in price as high as $65 
per pair. From 25 to 40 men work in the plant 
and four traveling representatives are em- 
ployed, covering a large territory, including 
Oklahoma, Missouri, Kansas, Colorado, Ne- 
braska, the Dakotas, Minnesota, Wisconsin, 
Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, and Iowa. Mr. 
Porter has also shipped some patent collars to 
Alaska. He has several other valuable patents 
on harness, and the firm carries by far the 
heaviest stock of any firm in the county, rang- 
ing from $100,000 to $185,000. Mr. Porter 
also has a medicine which he guarantees as a 
positive cure for diabetes, or kidney trouble. 
It has had an extensive sale, and first-class testi- 
monials have been received from over all the 

Mr. Porter was united in marriage with 
Mary J. Hackworth, and they have five chil- 
dren: Clarence, who is in the store, married 
Miss Smith, and has two children; George E., 
who travels, married Miss Kirkpatrick, a 



daughter of Samuel Kirkpatrick ; Lettie M. ; 
Edith S., and Worth. Politically, Mr. Porter 
is a Republican. He is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. He has a very 
pleasant home at No. 506 West Fifth street. 

L. KING is superintendent of the 
King Horseshoeing Company and 
is engaged in developing and per- 
fecting a cushion horseshoe, which 
bids fair to revolutionize the horseshoe busi- 
ness. He has followed this line of work all 
his life, and has met with much success. He 
\\as born in Wales, April 20, 1861, and is a 
son of J. L. and Ann King, who at the time 
of his birth resided in a town called Black 
Woods, in Wales. 

J. L. King came to this country and lo- 
cated at Peoria, Illinois, where he entered the 
boot and shoe business in 1866. He later en- 
gaged in the manufacture of shoes and em- 
ployed some 15 or 20 workmen. Owing to 
failing health, however, he removed to Fair- 
field, Iowa, in 1880, where he also conducted 
a boot and shoe business for several years. 
In 1887, while on a visit to Benkleman, Ne- 
braska, he was taken sick and died at the age 
of sixty-seven years. He was a Republican 
m politics, and served in some minor ofifices, 
such as justice of the peace. His widow now 
resides at Peoria, Illinois. They reared two' 
:sons, George L., a business man of Benkelman, 

Nebraska; and W. L., the subject of this bi- 

W. L. King attended the schools of Peoria 
and helped his father some in the shop, and at 
the age of fifteen years left home and spent 
some years in travel. He had learned the 
blacksmith and horseshoeing trade when very 
}oung, and as a journeyman followed it dur- 
ing his travels, which extended over a large 
number of the Western States. At Florence, 
Nebraska, he had charge of a shop 
in railroad work, for one year, but ow- 
ing to an accident, which did not re- 
sult in any serious injury to him, he started 
for home. The train on which he was a pas- 
senger was wrecked at Agency, Wapello coun- 
ty, Iowa, causing a long delay, so he rode to 
Ottumwa on a switch engine. He arrived here 
at 10 o'clock in the morning, began work at 
noon, and has since made his home in this 
city. He first worked for Keister & Bowers, 
and later, for Mr. Keister in his shop near the 
river. For the past ten or twelve years, he 
has been engaged in business for himself. He 
first opened a shop where the Y. M. C. A. 
building now stands, on Second street, and 
was in partnership with W. A. Welk for two 
years. He next opened a shoeing shop on 
Green street, from which he moved to the 
corner of Main and Wapello streets, where 
he bought the shop of Henry Williams. After 
conducting this establishment about a year, he 
was burned out and purchased another shop 
in the vicinity, which he soon after sold to 
Charles Aldrich, and quit the business for a 



time. He next had charge of the Belmont 
shoeing shop for several years, after which he 
moved to his present location at 219 South 
Jefferson street. Since 1895, he has worked 
hard in devising and perfecting a cushion 
horseshoe, and some months since organized a 
company under the name of the King Horse- 
shoeing Company, to- develop the invention. 
It is well covered with patents and, when com- 
pletely developed and provided with noiseless 
corks, bids fair to revolutionize horseshoeing. 
He has also a patent material to be used for 
corks which will be more serviceable and less 
expensive than rubber. The shop, 66 by 24 
feet in dimensions, is built of brick. Mr. King 
has expended much time and labor on this in- 
vention, and feels that success will reward his 
efforts in the near future. It is a very ingen- 
ious device, the felt padding fitting the grooves 
in the shoe, and coming in direct contact 
with the hoof, thus forming a cushion and pre^ 
venting horses from becoming footsore or be- 
ing troubled with corns. The officers of the 
company are Dr. L. J. Baker, president; Dr. 
M. Bannister, treasurer; R. E. Hull, secretary; 
and W. L. King, superintendent. 

Mr. King was united in marriage with 
Elizabeth Johnson, who was born in Wapello 
county, Iowa, and is a daughter of William 
and Hannah Johnson. They are the parents 
of three children : John L., Clarence L. and 
Lucy. Fraternally, Mr. King is a member 
of the Woodmen of the World, and the 
Knights of the Maccabees. Religiously, he is 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

E. FORD, who comes of a promi- 
nent old family of Wapello county, 
Iowa, is engaged in the harness-mak- 
ing business at Ottumwa, in partner- 
ship with W. H. Boston. He was born in this 
county, November 19, 1850, and is a son of' 
John and Hannah (Leonard) Ford. 

John Ford was born in Onondaga county. 
New York, August 30, 18 17, and was a son of 
Ephraim Ford. The latter was born in 1779 
and was of Scotch parentage. He was a farm- 
er by occupation and followed that calling all 
his life, acquiring a fine estate which he wrested 
from an unbroken wilderness. He died Febru- 
ary 17, 1 83 1, and his widow died in July of the 
same year. In 18 10, he was united in marriage- 
with Jane L)'ons in Onondaga county. 
New York. She was of Dutch extraction 
and was born in New York state, in 
1783. They reared and schooled the fol- 
lowing children : Martha, who married 
Morgan Huelett; Lucinda, wife of Wyman 
Huelett; Ephraim, who married Lucinda Rich, 
all of New York state ; John, father of C. E. ; 
Jeremiah, who died at the age of eleven years ; 
Betsey, wife of Charles Bishop, of New York 
state ; Harley, who married Catherine Bennett, 
of Michigan; Merritt, who married Margaret 
McNett, of Iowa ; and Juliet, who' married Syl- 
vester Warner and lived near Ottumwa, Iowa. 
In political views, Ephraim Ford was a Jeffer- 
sonian Democrat; he cast his first vote in 1808,. 
and his last for Jackson, in 1828. 

John Ford, father of C. E., received a com- 
mon school education in the old log school-- 



houses characteristic of that period. In 183 1 
he moved with his family to Cattaraugus coun- 
ty. New York, on what was called the "New 
Holland Purchase." The father died on Feb- 
ruary 17, and the mother in July, shortly after 
locating there, leaving a large family of or- 
phans, only one of the children being married. 
John Ford was fourteen years of age when his 
parents died and he went to live with a gentle- 
man by the name of Jonathan Palmer, with 
whom he remained for about six years. He 
was treated with kindly consideration by this 
family, but, realizing the inability of his em- 
ployer to pay him the $100 agreed upon, when 
he should become of age, he left before it fell 
■ due. At the age of twenty years he began work- 
ing at the blacksmith trade, and followed it 
from spring until the following January. In 
1837 occurred the McKinzie trouble in Can- 
ada. A man bearing that name, with his 
friends and followers, took possession of Navy 
Island, and the subsequent proceedings are a 
matter of bistoury. Colonel Applegate, of Buf- 
falo, who owned a small steamer, the "Caro- 
line," took a few sight-seers down to> the Island, 
tying up at Slusher for the night. That night 
a British officer named McCloud and a few 
soldiers came over from Canada and killed all 
on board the steamer, which they set on fire and 
sent over the Falls. This inhuman act created 
tremendous excitement, and many volunteered 
to take up arms against the perpetrators of the 
crime. About the last O'f December, about two 
thousand men gathered on the Island, equipped 
with 30 brass cannons, and among this number 
was Mr. Ford. After being there two weeks. 

they disbanded with the declared intention of 
joining a gathering near Detroit. Mr. Ford 
became a member of what was called the 
Marching Rifle Company, composed of 150 
men, which took possession of Point Pelee 
Island, a Canadian possession, seven miles from 
their shore. They were there about five days 
when General McKnat sent over 1,500 soldiers 
to effect their capture. They arrived early one 
Sunday morning, and the force were divided, 
half of it swinging to the north end of the 
Island and the remainder being stationed 60 
rods from shore to prevent escape to Cunning- 
ham Island, which belonged to the United 
States. The Marching Rifle Company had only 
12 rounds of ammunition, but every man was 
spoiling for a fight. They marched out in a 
long line, being placed some three feet apart, 
and when 75 or 100 yards away, the enemy 
Oldened fire on them. Dropping on one knee, 
the company fired their 12 rounds with amazing 
rapidity and accuracy, and while the fight was 
in progress the baggage was taken away. After 
the ammunition had given out they beat a hasty 
retreat to the point of the Island, narrowly 
missing the other half of the enemy's forces. 
They were not followed in their retreat, as the 
opposing force had received a severe blow, and 
presumably because they thought the Ameri- 
cans would be reinforced. Eleven of the brave 
members of the company, including Major 
Hoadley and Captain Van Rensselaer, gave up 
their lives in the fight, while the enany, as after- 
wards ascertained, lost 100 in killed. A cir- 
cuitous route was pursued back to the peninsula 
opposite Sandusky City, where the Marching 



Rifle Company was disbanded. John Ford, ac- 
companied by James Scott, went toi Michigan, 
and hired to James Stewart, who was running 
a country dry goods store in connection with a 
large farm in Hillsdale county. He was to re- 
ceive $15 per month for his work on the farm, 
and at the expiration of six months $80 was 
due him. There was no' money with which to 
pay him but "red-dog'' or "wildcat" money, 
which was good only in that state. He and an- 
other young man wished to go to^ Elkhart, In- 
diana, so the best thing to do was to spend the 
money for clothing. He purchased a suit, hat, 
boots, and underwear and started with $78.00 
worth of clothing on him. He and Derial 
Brown, who had relatives in Elkhart, started 
for that city October i, at two o'clock in the 
morning, from a point seven miles east of 
Jonesville, and arrived at White Pigeon about 
six o'clock P. M., having walked a distance of 
52 miles. They stopped at a hotel, paying 
therefor in "sandstone" money. 

Upon arriving at Elkhart, Mr. Ford hired 
out on a farm at $12.50 per month, and lived 
at Elkhart and in the vicinity until the fall of 
1842, doing farming and job work during 
warm weather, and chopping in winter time. 
He formed an acquaintance with James Comp- 
ton, whose son James was studying medicine 
with a Dr. Miles at Farmington, Van Buren 
county, Iowa. He wished to go to Iowa and 
see his son and Mr. Ford wished tO' view the 
"New Purchase." 

Rigging up a team and a light, covered 
wagon, they started for Iowa in October, 1842, 
and arrived at Farmington, on the Des Moines 

River, just fourteen days later. Dr. James 
Compton, Jr., wished to take a claim in the 
"New Purchase," and the three men established 
headquarters at Bonaparte, where they sold 
the team, as there were no roads and it could 
not be used. The United States government 
was to pay $1,000,000 to the Indians for the 
right and title to this land, and in the contract 
the Indians were given the right to remain until 
the fall of 1843; but the white settlers took 
possession May i, 1843. ^s the Indians were 
too shiftless and lazy to hunt, they as well as 
the white men had to depend upon the Old 
Purchase for provisions. Mr. Ford and his 
companions concluded to build a keel-boat, 
load it with provisions for themselves, and 
others whO' wished to buy, as there remained 
five months before the opening. The boat con- 
structed was 36 feet long and eight feet in the 
bulge, having a capacity oi about 10 tons. Mr. 
Ford established a claim, in April, two and a 
half miles above the present city of Ottumwa, 
in a timber bottom on the south bank of the 
Des Moines River, James Compton, Sr., tak- 
ing the claim adjoining on the west, and Dr. 
Compton, the claim that afterwards became 
the John Overman farm. He built a cabin 
and had it completed by the first of May, then 
blazed and stalled out the claim, as the law re- 
quired. He then with his companions built a 
raft and returned to the starting point, loading 
the boat with 25 barrels of flour, 40 bushels of 
corn-meal, 1,000 pounds of bacon, two caddies 
of tobacco, and a few bolts of prints. They 
started for the new Eldorado with cleated run- 
ning boards'and two poles, on each side. They 



crept up the river at the rate of from 15 to 20 
miles per day, and at a little town called Phila- 
delphia took on Paul C. Jeffries and his family, 
landing them at the moiith of Sugar Creek, at 
the Ewing trading" post. Mr. Jeffries after- 
wards became the proprietor of the property 
included in the original site of Ottumwa. The 
main channel of the river then ran on the south 
side of Appanoose Island, there being only nar- 
roAV rapids where the main channel is now. 
The place where Ottumwa now stands was a 
scattered timber tract with a wilderness of 
undergrowth and grass, and it looked like any- 
thing but a town site. The 1x>at was landed at 
Mr. Ford's cabin on May 24, and by June i, 
everything was in good order. Where the 
cabin was located, the Indians had for years 
had their winter camping ground, and had cut 
down most of the small timber on a few acres, 
to browse their ponies, and it was only neces- 
sary to burn off the underbrush and deaden the 
large trees, to plant a crop. After June i, Mr. 
Ford cleared about two acres, unassisted, and 
then made rails and fenced the land, which he 
planted to corn. Dr. Comptoii had broken five 
acres of his claim, but had to go tO' Elkhart, 
Indiana, on business, and lost his claim. The 
Indians, being more numerous than the whites 
at that time, were Mr. Ford's best customers, 
and came in crowds for provisions. Chief Ap- 
panoose and twO' of Black Ha\\k's nephews 
also came; they were large, dark Indians, six 
feet three inches tall. One day in July, two 
Indians came to the cabin, having come down 
the river in a bark canoe, which they presented 
to Mr. Ford, as they*Avished to join those in 

camp. One of them had 10 or 12 scalps tied to 
his belt, two of these being exceedingly fresh, 
and looking as if they had been "lifted" within 
a week. They had been at war with the Sioux 
tribe for years, but were not strong enough to 
seek a general battle, and sO' killed each other 
as the opportunity was offered. The Indians 
had a strange and novel mode of burial. The 
dead was buried close tO' the surface of the 
ground, in which pickets were stuck about the 
grave, and tied together at the top by grape ■ 
vines. The chiefs and braves had a post placed 
at the head of the graves, with rings painted 
around it, each ring to denote a man killed. 
In coming up the river, Mr. Ford saw a dead 
Indian in a sitting posture between the roots 
of a Cottonwood tree, apparently looking out 
over the river. In another instance, a child 
was put into a trough, a lid being tied on with 
bark, and placed in a tree about 30 feet from 
the ground. Hundreds were buried where the 
town of Richmond now standi, and many on 
the river near Mr. Ford's claim, at a point on 
Bear Creek, near the Overman place. After 
the flood of 185 1, Mr. Ford found 10 skulls 
that had been washed on his claim and lodged 
in a drift. He picked up a jaw and thigh bone, 
which must have belonged to a giant equal in 
size to one of those mentioned in the Scrip- 
tures. He could easily slip the jaw-bone over 
his own, the inside measuring more than the 
outside of his jaw. The thigh-bone, from hip 
to knee, was three or four inches longer than 
that of an ordinary large man. Mr. Ford has 
alsoi found many interesting Indian curios, 
one of which, a medal about the size of a 



saucer and as thick as a silver cTollar, ^yas 
plowed up. The figure oif a bear was carved 
on it, and it was made of a metal which, when 
rubbed, became as bright as silver. Game of 
most kinds was very plentiful, including deer, 
turkeys, chickens, timber and prairie ^^•olves, 
wild cats and, now and then, a panther. Mr. 
Ford's dog, at one time, struck the trail oif 
three wild cats, and he followed them up' and 
shot all of them. Like the black bear, they 
could be treed by any dog, although they could 
have killed the dog without an effort. Mr. 
Compton's health began toi fail in the sum- 
mer, and by October he was unable tO' do' any 
work on his claim, which he turned over to 
Jink Vassar, the owner of the present site of 
Richmond. Mr. Vassar took Mr. Cpnipton 
on October 10 to Farmington, Iowa, and 
placed him with a nephew living there, in or- 
der that he might get better medical attention, 
but it proved of no avail, and he died the fol- 
lowing winter. 

There was nothing of ad\'antage tO' be 
done during the winter, and being left alone, 
without a relative and but few acquaintances, 
;\Ir. Ford concluded tO' go- down tO' the "Old 
Purchase," and therefore sold his things. The 
corn, raised on the ground which he had 
cleared and fenced, was estimated at 80 bush- 
els, and was sold to Mr. Cu])p_\', of Keokuk 
Prairie. The remainder of the property was 
sold tO' Air. Vassar, to- be paid for in cattle that 
were tO' be wintered b}' him. Mr. Ford went 
to Van Buren county, and, falling in with some 
acquaintances who were gohig down the Mis- 
sissippi River to chop wood, accompanied 


them. He went 25 miles below the mouth of 
the Arkansas River, chopped 100 cords of 
wood at 65 cents per cord, and paid $1.50 per 
week for board. He came up to St. Louis in 
Feljruary, and boarded two weeks at the Old 
Dominion House for 373^ cents per day, in- 
cluding three meals and lodging. He returned 
to his claim in March, 1844, farmed it that 
summer and fed some cattle and hogs through 
the winter. He became tired of living alone, 
and in the spring of 1845 rented the place and 
started in April on horseback for Michigan,, 
wliere his four sisters resided. His three broth- 
ers lived in Cattaraugus county. New York^ 
and after a visit with his sisters, he left his- 
horse in pasture and proceeded to visit his- 
bmthers. He went as far as Buffalo by boat,, 
and visited in that state until September. His. 
married brother disposed of his farm in order 
to remo\'e tO' Iowa, also, and they took a steam- 
er at Buft'alo, and had one horse and wagon 
with them. The horse of John Ford completed 
tlie team, and they started for Iowa, accom- 
panied by a sister, Mrs. Bishop, her husband, 
and another sister, Juliet, Harley, the )-(iungest 
brother, having remained in Michigan. It was 
a light-hearted and happv part}- that made their 
wav to the new home, where they arrived with- 
out accident. The only reception they got was 
fr<;m a large flock of wild turkeys which had 
possesslnn of the corn field around the cabin. 
Mr. Ford's brother and brother-in-law pro- 
cured claims, on which they built during the 
winter, and in the spring moved Into their 
houses. The youngest sister kept house _ for 
him and his youngest brother. In the spring 



of 1846 Paul C. Jeffries got a contract from 
the government to sectionalize five townships 
in the eastern part of AVapello county, and his 
assistants were Judge Uriah Biggs, sur\'eyor: 
C. F. Blake and John Ford, chainmen; James 
La F(jrce, cook; and B. W. Jeffries, camp 
mo\'er and roustabout. They worked together 
without a hitch, and the season was well ad- 
\'anced \Ahen they got through. Mr. Ford mar- 
ried Hannah Leonard, daughter of Charles 
Leonard, on November 8, 1846, and his sister 
Juliet married Sylvester \Varner, on the day 
following. His wife was born in Pickaway 
•count}', Ohio, her father having moved to Lidi- 
ana when she was but two years old. Charles 
Leonard located eight miles south of Lafayette, 
where he afterward accjuired a large farm, and 
was quite wealthy for those days. He reared 
a numerous famil}-, and several of his children 
also came to the "New Purchase'' and estab- 
lished homes. 

Li the spring of 1850, John Ford built a 
house on the river bottom, 32x30 feet in size, 
and one and one-half stories high, and this 
was nearly destroyed by the flood of 1851. The 
river overrunning its banks, crossed the fields, 
and when it reached the door Mr. Ford and his 
family got out in a canoe. The water was run- 
ning like a mill tide, and the canoe was at any 
moment liable to strike a stump. and upset, so 
he got out and waded, or swam, backing the 
boat down to eddy-water. He was unable to 
do any work on his farm until July 10. In 
building, he had left an eight-foot roadway 
and an 80-foot front yard, and when the water 
went down he could step from the front yard 

into the ri\er, the house being jammed on the 
cellar wall. The chimney was knocked down, 
and the cabin and smoke-house were carried 
off and landed in the bottom. It -was a 24- 
foot rise, and the ri\'er has ne\'er been within 
three feet of that point since. There was a high 
ridge about a cjuarter of a mile back from the 
river, and, while his family was living with 
neighbors, he cleared this ridge and planted 
a garden. He then hewed out a set of house- 
logs, built a house, and moved his family into 
it before the water left the bottom. About July 
10, he dug rails enough out of the mud and 
drift to make three strings of fence, planted 
10 acres of corn, and sowed buckwheat and tur- 
nips. Fie raised a fine lot of fodder with nub- 
bin corn, 36 bushels of buckwheat, and 100 
bushels of turnips. He found enough lead 
bullets, etc., to start a junk shop, and also 
many trinkets and curios. The carpenters took 
the frame house in the bottom apart and rebuilt 
it on the ridge. In the fall oi 1859, ^i'- Ford 
bought a 36-horse power stationary sawmill 
and commenced sawing early in i860. He got 
a road located on the north side of the river, 
following the stream to the mouth of Cald- 
well Branch, and connecting with Second street 
at the Caldwell place. He built a cable ferry 
boat and conducted it during the summer of 
i860; he then sold it, and it was operated until 
the water dams were built, thus destroying the 
current and forcing the water over the bottom 
road. He operated the mill in connection with 
the farm until 1869, ^nd had a house built in 
the city. The timber here became too scarce 
for mill purposes, and learning that the Wa- 



bash Railroad Company was going to build ma- 
chine shops at ]\Ioberly, Missouri, he went 
there, bought a portable mill, and began saw- 
ing in January, 1870. He operated the mill 
about four years, and built and owned five 
dwelling houses in Moberly. He sold the mill 
in the spring of 1875 and returned to Ottumwa. 
In the meantime his farm had been rented, and 
in 1875 he traded it for city property. He 
purchased a small stock of groceries in order 
to set his son, Charles E., up in business. He 
subscribed $250 to the North Missouri Rail- 
road Company, and then was voted out of an- 
other $iOD. He gave the water company $100. 
The company commenced operations in the 
spring of 1875, and board houses sprang up, 
and many men came on with single and double 
teams. Rain commenced and continued all 
summer. The boarding-house proprietors and 
others began to get provisions at the grocery 
store, agreeing to pay as soon as the rain 
stopped and they could get to work. As it did 
not stop, Mr. Ford lost very heavily, being 
obliged to take orders on the water company 
to the extent of $600, which were worthless. 
To make matters worse, two of his houses in 
Moberly were burned five days after the insur- 
ance had run out, entailing a loss of over 

John Ford cast his first political vote for 
Van Buren, in 1840, and has since been a 
Democrat. He was a justice of the peace for 
sixteen years, and has held a number of posi- 
tions of trust, such as road supervisor and ad- 
ministrator, and has officiated in locating roads 
and valuing and settling estates. He was presi- 

dent of the board of school directors for eight 
or nine years, while the sub-districts were build- 
ing their schools. After moving to the city, he 
was made township assessor in 1879, and held 
that office iive years. He was then elected city 
assessor, in which capacity he served three 
years. He began tO' be afflicted with rheuma- 
tism, was compelled to cjuit work, and has done 
little labor since then, except chores, being en- 
gaged in looking- after his property. His son, 
Walter B., is living with his parents, and at- 
tending tO' their wants in their declining years. 
Longevity characterizes the family. The grand- 
mother on his mother's side lived to reach the 
remarkable age of one hundred and four years. 
John Ford has enjoyed wonderfully good 
health, having required the attendance of a 
physician but once in his life, which was forty- 
two years ago. His hearing is good, and his 
reading and writing are done without the aid 
of glasses. John Ford and his wife became 
parents of six children, as follows : Leonard 
C, who was born September 29, 1847, and died 
November 7, 1857; Hattie L., born December 
7, 1848; Charles E., born November 19, 1850; 
Tellitha. born September 25, 1852; Ellen M., 
born October 12, 1854; and Walter B., born 
March 15, 1858. . 

Charles E. Ford, subject of this biographi- 
cal record, at an early age worked in his fa- 
ther's sawmill, one of the first in the county, 
and acted as sawyer a number of years. He 
quit that business when about twenty-five years 
old, and subsequently engaged in the grocery, 
livery and real estate business in Ottumwa, at 
different times. In 1899, he began his connec- 



tion with. the harness business as a partner of 
W. H. Boston, who has been in the harness 
business in Ottumwa for the past twenty years, 
and is the practical man of the finii. Mr. Ford 
attends to the bills, keeps books, and cares for 
the general business of the firm. They carry 
a complete line of harness and horse furnish- 
ings, and employ from four to six men. They 
do an extensive mail order business in the job- 
bing line, and the affairs of the firm are in a 
thriving condition. 

Mr. Ford was united in the bonds of wed- 
lock with Arabella Blair, a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, and they have three children : Edith, 
wife of Edwin Haw, of Alartinsburg, Iowa; 
Lena ; and Vera. In pohtics, he is a Democrat. 
He is a Mason, and is a member of the Chapter 
at Ottumwa. Religiously, Airs. Ford is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church, 

B. McC.VRROLL, who has alw?.3's 

been engaged in the hardware and 

tinware business, is a member of the 

firm of jMcCarroU Brothers, dealers in 

hardware, their store being located at Xo. 322 

East Main street, Ottumwa. He was born in 

Ohio, and is a son of AV. F. AlcCarroll. 

W F. McCarroll came to Wapello county, 
Iowa, in 1864, and located with his family on 
a farm near Kirkville. He came to Ottumwa 
in 187 1, and opened a stove and tinware store, 
■which he conducted until 1884; he then en- 
gaged in jobbing hardware, stoves, tinware, 
etc., locating at 105 East Main street. He 

was in partnership with his son, C. T. McCar- 
roll, under the firm name of W. F. McCarroll 
& Son. He died in 1891, and J. B. McCarroll 
then took charge of his interests in the business. 
He had previously been in the employ of the 
firm for a period of twenty-three years. The 
jobbing business was disposed of to the Har- 
per & Mclntire Company, in February, 1899, 
and Mr. McCarroll was then occupied with 
settling old accounts of the firm until June i, 
1900. The firm of McCarroll Brothers was 
then established, at No. 322 East Main street, 
dealing in general hardware, stoves, tinware,, 
etc., and has been a success from the start. 
They occupy a building 100 feet deep, and 
have a very complete stock of goods, employ- 
ing from four to six men. They also have i. 
well-equipped tin shop in the rear of the store. 
J. B. McCarroll acts as manager and buyer, 
and both partners sell goods. W F. McCar- 
roll, brother of J. B., is a practical tinner, anc], 
resides at No. 309 Fourth street. He married 
Carita B. Hedrick, a daughter of General Hed- 
rick, of Ottumwa, and they have four chil- 
dren : Catherine ; Carita ; John ; and Alar)-. 
The home place of their father, at No. 736 
West Second street, is still in the possession 
of the family. 

J. B. McCarroll was united in marriage 
with Ida Amos, of Lima, Ohio, she being the 
only one of her family to locate in this sec- 
tion. Mr. and Mrs. McCarroll have one 
daughter, Frances E., born July 21, 190 1. In 
politics Mr. McCarroll is a Republican. His 
father served as alderman from the Fourth 
AYard at one time, and was always- interested 




in the general welfare of the city. Fraternally 
the subject of this record is a Mason and 
Knight Templar. He has been master of the 
Ottumwa blue lodge,, and filled all the chairs of 
the Commandery. He also belongs to the Be- 
nevolent and Protecti\'e Order of Elks. Re- 
ligiously the family are mainl)' Spiritualists. 

ARTIN HARDSOCG, who is at the 
head of the extensive concern 
known as the Hardsocg JManufac- 
turing Company, is a very promi- 
nent business man of the city of Ottumwa, 
Wapello county, Iowa. He owns about five 
hundred acres of land in sections 7 and 18, just 
out of the city limits, and on this he has one of 
the imposing residences to be found in this sec- 
tion O'f the state. 

Martin Hardsocg was born in Germany and 
in ver}' early life was brought to- this country 
hy his parents. At the age of fifteen years he 
was apprenticed to a blacksmith to learn that 
trade, and the knowledge then gained was the 
foundation of the great industry which he now 
controls. He served three years as an appren- 
tice and learned the business thoroughly, so' that 
Avhen eighteen years old he felt himself com- 
petait to work for himself. As a result he es- 
tablished a shop at this earh' age at Smoky 
Hollow, in AA'apello count}-, and did such work 
as the new country demanded. Considerable 
work came to- him in the way of sharpening 
miners' tools, and soon he was oiffered a po'si- 
tion by a mining company Avhich he accepted. 

He remained with them but one year, during 
w hich time he faithfully put foi'th' e\ery effort 
to please them and performed his work to their 
satisfactiim. Because, however, a member of 
the firm wished to place a friend in the position, 
he was discharged to make room. This experi- 
ence taught him that when working for others, 
one's ]jijsition is never safe, although e\ery re- 
quirement is being fulfilled. As a result he re- 
turned to his little shop, although there was not 
work enough to make more than 50 or 75 cents 
a da)'. He continued in this shop for some 
time, always trying to devise some manner in 
which he could enlarge his business and make 
both ends meet. He conceived the idea of go- 
ing- personally to the different mining camps, to 
solicit and deliver work. This plan was most 
successful, and occupied his entire time. He 
also began tO' make improvements on the old- 
fashioned too'ls, and sold them to his customers. 
A read}- sale prompted him to manufacture and 
sell them on a more extensive scale, his highest 
ambition at that time being to give t\\-o men 
steady employment, and reap benefits from 
their labor. When he had a force of two men, 
however, he was just as eager to^ increase it to 
four, and soi on until his plant grew toi its pres- 
ent enormous proportions. The business at 
A\-er}-. where he had removed, outgrew its sur- 
roundings, and as a result was transferred to 
Ottum^va, where a capital of $75,000 became 
necessary for the operation of the plant to its 
limit. He met with great success and was at 
the zenith of his prosperity when his entire es- 
tablishment w-as destroyed by fire. It com- 
pletely ruined him financially, as the amount of 



insurance carried was no- more than sufficient 
to pay off his indebtedness. He still command- 
ed the trade for a like business, but was without 
money to establish it. He rose toi the emer- 
gency and organized a stock compan)-, o-f which 
he held the controlling interest, and soon it was 
in as flourishing a condition as before. Mr. 
Simmons, a partner in the business, is general 
superintendent, and has for a number O'f years 
had the entire management O'f the plant. He 
has displayed great ability in that capacity, has 
added largely to the efficiency nf the working 
departments, and sustained the reputation and 
prestige the firm has al\va)'s enjoyed. A mora 
detailed accoimt of his work can be found in a 
sketch O'f his life, in another part of this work. 
A few years agO' ]\Ir. Hardsocg purchased 
Oif the estate of Charles F. Blake, 500 acres of 
land in sections 7 and 18, just out of the city 
limits of Ottum\\-a, his intention being tO' make 
a home theremi, as it is but a short drive toi the 
center o-f the city, and to his place of business. 
There he caused tO' be built a palatial residence, 
surrounding which is a large and well kept 
lawn, through which walks and drives run in 
an artistic manner. ]\Ir. Hardsocg takes great 
pride in his residence plat, and when at home 
noay be seen out in the grounds trimming the 
trees and giving directions as to the work. He 
set out many trees of different varieties, and 
cared for them and ^vatched their growth with 
a feeling akin to that of a parent observing a 
son's de\'elopment into* manhood. ^Ir. Hard- 
socg is also the principal oi\vner oif the Martin 
Hardsocg Manufacturing Company, o^f Pitts- 
burg, Pennsylvania. This company also man- 

ufactures the same line of goods as is made at 
Ottumwa. He is also the principal owner of an 
infant industry known as the Nichols Manufac- 
turing Company, of Ottumwa. This company 
makes the Nichols patent carpenter square, and 
promises tO' be one of Ottumwa's leading indus- 
tries. ]\Ir. Hardsocg owns about 400 acres oi 
land in Richland township, Wapello county. 
Iowa. He is also' interested in a mining prop- 
erty in Arkansas. 

]\Ir. Hardsocg was united in marriage at 
the early age of nineteen years to a widow with 
a family of two children, and, in bringing up 
and educating these, he has bestOAved the same 
care as upon his own. William Murl, the eld- 
est, was given a commercial education, and now 
holds a position as bookkeeper with the firm of 
which Mr. Hardsocg is the head. Daisy, the 
eldest child of Mr. Hardsocg, li\-es at home. 
She is a graduate of a commercial school. 
Jennie, the wid0'\v of a Mr. AA^otsler, is at home. 
Lester takes after his father, is oi a mechanical 
turn O'f mind, and holds a position of that char- 
acter with the Hardsocg Alanufacturing Com- 
pany. Fred and Bain are now attending 
school. Our subject is a man of pleasing per- 
sonality, and has many friends throughout the 
County, in which he has spent nearly his entire 
life. His portrait accompanies this sketch. 

conductor running out of Ottumwa, 
on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railway, lias been located in this city 
since February 26, 1882. He was born in 



Gladstone, Illinois, in i860, and is a son of 
Chapman C. Cline. 

Chapman C. Cline was born in West Vir- 
ginia, went to Illinois in 1852 or 1853, and in 
1857 was united in marriage with Harriet 
Print. ]Mrs. Cline was born in Ohio and was 
a child when she was brought to Illinois. She 
died at Ottumwa, July 28, 1900, at the age of 
sixty-three _\ears. Air. Cline followed the oc- 
cupation of a farmer throughout his life. He 
enlisted in C(;mpany I, 148th Reg., 111. Vol. 
Inf., in 186.1, and served until the close of the 
Civil war. He died at Tullahoma, Tennessee, 
near Chattanooga, in i8r)5, at the age of about 
thirty-fi\'e \ears, leaving a widow and four 
children, as follows: Emily 1\I. (Barkhuff), 
ijf Humiston, Iowa ; Frank Norman ; George 
j\Iitchell, of Eldon, Iowa; and Ida Elnora, wife 
of Charles Bahl, a roadmaster on the Mexican 
Central Railroad, who lives in Old Alexico. 
The mother and children moved to Iowa and 
located at Garden Grove, in ]866. 

Frank Norman Cline was reared at (iardei 
(jrove, Iowa, and at an earh' age engaged in 
farming. He continued thus until he reached 
his sixteenth year, \\hen he began section work 
on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, 
which he followed for three years He was then 
engaged in farming until 1882, when he moved 
to Ottumwa and began braking on the Chicago, 
Burlington & Quincy Raiilroad, his brother 
holding a similar position. He was a brake- 
man, for a time, on the old Middle Division, 
for different conductors, and in 1885 was pro- 
moted to be a freight conductor. He received 
a regular run two years later, and has been 

on his present run since September 17, 1900, 
going west on the general merchandise train 
and east on the meat train. He has been very 
iortunate, and has never had any serious acci- 

Air. Cline was united in marriage \\ith 
Anna Chenoweth, who' was born in Garden 
Gro\-e, Iowa, in 1865, and is a daughter of 
Lemuel and Eveline Chenoweth, who novv' re- 
side at Albia, Iowa. She was one of 1 1 chil- 
dren, and has fi\e brothers and sisters living,, 
namely: Walter, of Ottumwa; John, of Al- 
bia; Mrs. Dais_\- Wright, of Albia; Charles, of 
Texas; and Pearl, «ho is at home. Air. and 
Airs. Cline became the parents (.f three chil- 
dren, as follows : George Arthur, aged fifteen^ 
3cars; Harriet Alary, who died in 1893, at the 
age of two and a half }-ears ; and John Lloyd, 
who is five years of age. Air. Cline has erected 
a comfortable home on East Alain street, Ot- 
tumwa. In politics, he is a Republican. He 
is a member of Division No. 216, O. R. C, 
of ( Jttumwa ; Ottumwa Lodge, No. 259, Court 
of Honor, and Lodge No. 16, A. F. & .V. AI. 
Airs. Cline is also a memljer of the Court of 
Honor. Religiously, they are Episcopalians. 

ANIEL EATON, who first began busi- 
ness operations in Ottumwa in 1857, 
was for many years engaged in the 
manufacture of furniture, and con- 
ducted a large establishment in this citv until 
it was destroyed by fire in 189 1. Since that 
time he has li\e(l, practically, a retired life. 



Mr. Eaton was born at T-empleton, Massa- 
chusetts, May 2, 1 83 1, and is a son of Joseph 
Eaton. He is descended from a family of five 
brothers, one of whom came to this country in 
the "Mayfloaver.'' His grandfather was a Rev- 
okitionary soldier, and carried a gun brought 
to this country by the Marquis de Lafayette, 
which is now in the possession of Daniel Eaton. 
The latter learned the trade oi a carpenter at 
an early age in AA'orcester, Alassachusetts, and 
worked fur fi\'e years in Fitchburg, for Hallett 
& Da\'is in a piano-case factory. He then went 
to Worcester, and was employed as a journey- 
anan carpenter. He then took charge of a fur- 
niture factory workshop for George B. Ford, 
■of Jamestdwn, New York. He came west to 
Ottuniwa, Iowa, in June, 1857, from James- 
town, where he had spent a year. He was ac- 
companied by, his wife and eldest daughter, 
then three weeks old. He began the manufac- 
ture of furniture in a small way, by hand, but 
gradually added to his plant until he had a very 
extensive business. His first building was on 
the lot now occupied by the Globe Tea Com- 
pany, and he subsequently built a factory in 
the rear of his present building on Green and 
Main streets. He afterward bought the lot 
where the electric power house now stands. He 
erected the Union Block of three stores in 1867, 
one of which he occupied. The block was de- 
stroyed by fire on Sunda}- morning, January 
19, 1873, together with seven stores. He built 
at once his present block on the corner of 
Green and Main streets, a brick building. The 
store is occupied by Dr. Hansell, an oculist, 
and the upper rooms are rented to individuals 

for offices and families for dwelling purposes. 
His furniture factory was destroyed a second 
time in 1891, just one year after he had sold 
out to his s(jn, A. L. Eaton, and it was not re- 
built. He had an extensive trade over Iowa, 
^Missouri, Nebraska and Kansas, and employed 
from 25 to 30 people. 

Mr. Eaton ^vas united in marriage in 1855, 
at Fitchburg, Massachusetts, ^ to Jane West, 
who' was born at Templeton, Massachusetts, 
in 183 1, just ten days after the birth of her 
husband. Five children ha-\'e blessed this 
union, as follows: Ida; Edwin C. ; Hattie J.; 
Andrew Lincoln ; and Etta. Ida, who married 
Attorney AA' E. Chambers, died in July, 1884, 
lea\'ing three sons, — Arthur, Walter, and 
James, — two of whom live in Chicago, and the 
other resides in Ottumwa. Edwin C, a tele- 
graph operator at Grinnell, Iowa,, married 
Ella Allen, and has three children, — Etta, 
Grace, and Daniel. Hattie J., wife of Fred 
AA' AA'ilson, assistant postmaster of Ottumwa, 
and formerly bookkeeper for John Morrell & 
Compan}-', Ltd., has two children living, — 
Louise and Fred, Jr., — and one deceased, 
Grace. Andrew Lincoln, of New York City, 
invented and is manufacturing the Crescent 
belt fastener, which has an extensive sale 
throughout the country, — it fastens without 
weakening the belt, and is manufactured at 
X'ewark, New Jersey; he has traveling repre- 
sentatives on the road, and has the trade of 
all the large manufacturing firms in the east, 
which have belting in their plants. Etta, the 
youngest child, died in May, 1874, at the age 
of six years and eighteen days. Politically, 




Mr. Eaton was an Abolitionist, and is now a 
Republican. He attends the Congregational 

gaged in general farming and stuck 
raising in Competine township, Wa- 
pello county, Iowa, on a farm of 167 
acres of well-improved land in section 7, town- 
ship yT,. range 12. He was born in Ha^•re, 
France, ]\Iarcli 25, 1849, s-^''^ is a son of George 
P. and ]\Iary Phoebe (Denser) Holzhauser. 

George P. Holzhauser, the father of our 
subject, was born in Germany, emigrating tO' 
the United States in 1849. H^ settled in Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, where he remained t\\-o years, 
after which he removed to Iowa, where his 
death occurred, at the age of fifty-four years. 
He married Mary Phoebe Denser, a native of 
German)^, and they reared four children, name- 
ly : Christian, who died on shipboard while en 
route to America; Adolph W., the subject of 
this sketch; Phoebe, born in 1848, married 
Frederick Ritter, and is living in Keokuk coun- 
ty ; John P., born in 1856, married Eliza Miller, 
and is living in Competine township. 

Adolph W. Holzhauser, the subject of this 
sketch, came to the United States with his par- 
ents, and removed with them from Louisville 
to \A'apello county, Iowa. He has lived on his 
present farm for a number of years, and in 
addition to farming has been engaged in stock 
raising. He has met with good success in all 
his undertakings, and is one of the progressive 
farmers of the coiintv. He married, October 

5, 1871, Theresa Ritter, a daughter of John 
Philip and Catherine Ritter. Nine children 
have resulted from this union, namely : Mary 
C, born July 17, 1872, who married Adam 
Greenig, of Hancock county, Illinois ; Emma, 
born February 25, 1874, married Amos Crile, 
of Jefferson county, Iowa; Lizzie, born Febru- 
ary 4, 1875 ; Clara, born July 8, 1876, who died 
in infancy; George P., born May 25, 1877; 
John P., born SqDtember 29, 1878; and Joseph 
A., born January 1 1, 1880, died June 20, 1899; 
Charles W., born August 4, 1883 ; William D., 
born July 6, 1886; and Margaretta F., born 
July 8, 1889. 

Mr. Holzhauser is a member of the Luther- 
an church. Politically, he is a Democrat. He 
has a host oif \\'arm friends in Wapello count}', 
and the township in which he resides. 

H. HAMMOND, one of Ottumwa's 
progressive citizens and business men, 
whose portrait is herewith shown, is a 
prominent Republican in politics, and 
is serving in the capacity of county auditor of 
Wapello county. He was born in Boonville, 
W^arrick county, Indiana, in 1865, and is a 
son of T. A\\ Hammond. 

T. \Y. Hammond was born in Warrick 
county, Indiana, and was a son of AA'illiam 
and jMary (Boone) Hammond, who reared 
several children. T. AA' Hammond was in the 
mercantile business in Indiana for many vears, 
and came to Ottumwa, where he died when 
about eightv-three vears old. A brother, AA^ 



H. Hammond, came to O.ttumwa in 1843 or 
1844, but left for Kansas about 1870, and died 
there in October, 1900. Another brother, J. 
A. Llammond, came to Ottumwa in 1847, 'i"^ 
first engaged in the dry-goods business, then in 
the mining business where the plow factory is 
now located, and continued in the latter line 
until 1875. He then sold out and engaged in 
the furniture business, as a member of the 
firm of Cooper & Hammond, on JMain street. 
He is a son-in-law of J. G. Baker, who erected 
the large buildirig known as the Baker block, 
in which J. A. Hammond was located for 
some ^■ears, and engaged in the furniture busi- 
r.ess. In 1892, the latter remodeled the build- 
ing at a cost of $10,000, and made it over into 
a fine office building. He has superintended 
it since, and has made monthly trips here from 
Des Moines, to which city he moved in Au- 
gust, 1900. ITe has other large interests here 
which also recpiire his attention. He served 
for some years as an alderman in Ottumwa. 

I. H. Hammond first engaged in the gent's 
furnishing business in Ottumwa, as proprietor 
of the Hammond Furnishing Company, and 
continued as such until he became active in 
politics. In 1896, he \\'as elected deputy coun- 
ty auditor and served as such four years, after 
which, in the fall of 1900, he was elected coun- 
ty auditor. He is thoroughly acquainted with 
the duties of his office, and discharges them 
in a highly satisfactory manner. In politics, 
he is a strong supporter of Republican prin- 

Mr. Hammond was united in marriage in 
October, 1890, with Edna Casey, who was 

born at Ottumwa, and is a daughter of John 
Casey, who died in 1880. Her mother is now 
Mrs. Francis Shafer, and lives in Illinois, 
where all of her children live but Mrs. Ham- 
mond and ]\Irs. J. A. Platts, of this city. ;\Ir. 
and ]\Irs. Hammond have two children, — Law- 
rence and Helen. Mr. Hammond has a fine 
new home in course of construction in the city 
of Ottumwa. He is a [Methodist, in religious 
\-iews, and his wife is a member of the Con- 
gregational church. 

ARRY SCHMIDT, a well-known mer- 
chant of Ottumwa, Wapello' county, 
Iowa, was born in Ottumwa, [March 
2, 1870. He is a son of Bernard 
and Katrina ( Stuckleman) Schmidt. 

Bernard Schmidt, the father of Garry, was 
born in Hanover, Germany, IMay 2-. 1844. 
He came to the Lhiited States in 1867, and lo- 
cated in Ottumwa, where he at once com- 
menced work at his trade, that of a brick- 
maker. He is still engaged at that occupation. 
He married Katrina Stuckleman, in 1866, and 
they liad four children, namely : Josephine, de- 
ceased ; Garry; John B. ; and Henry. Mr., 
Schmidt married, secondly, Elizabeth Dunne- 
brink, August II, 1876, and to them were born 
X2 children, namely: Frank; Herman; Mary, 
deceased; Katrina; Ellen; Dorothy: Elizabeth; 
Bernard ; Theresa and Amelia, deceased ; Jo- 
seph ; and Paulus. 

Garry Schmidt was reared and educated in 
Ottumwa. He married, November 6, 1899, 



Cecilia Curran, a daughter o-f James and Jane 
(Doherty) Cm-ran. She was born ]March 12, 
1878. Her father was a native of Ireland, 
caine to this coiintry in 1854, and settled in 
Ottumwa in 1872. He is still a resident oi the 
city, and has reached the age oi fifty-seven 
3-ears. He married Jane Doherty, who was 
born in Canada, November 7, 1852, and they 
had fonr children, name))- : Delia, deceased, 
who was born in Ottumwa, in 1874, and was 
the wife of Charles Hartman ; John, and 
Charles, deceased; and Cecilia, the wife <f 
Garry Schmidt. 

Garry Schmidt is engaged in mercantile 
business in Ottumwa, and is a prominent citi- 
zen of the cit)'. He is a member of the Eagles 
lodge. He and his wife belong to the Roman 
Catholic church. Politicalh-, he is a Democrat. 

EORGE L. NYE, postmaster of Agen- 
cy City, AA'apelloi count}-, Iowa, has 
hern engag-ed in agricultural pursuits 
in Agenc)' townsliip for many years. 
He is a son oif W A. and Rebecca (Wicker) 
Nye, and was born in Cass township, Wapello 
county, Iowa, in 1845. But two native-born 
residents O'f the count)- older than he are imw 

W. A. Nye was born in Germany in 1825, 
and came to the United States with his parents 
when eight years of age, locating in Waverly, 
Ohio. He came toi Iowa in 1845, 3-"^ settled 
in Cass township, Wapello^ county, where he 
farmed for some years. He then lived in Ot- 
tumwa for t\\-o years, and during that time 

served in the capacity of county treasurer, hold- 
ing that office four years. He was a Republi- 
can in politics, and filled various offices in his 
township. He married Rebecca Whicker, who 
was born in Ohio', and they reared the follow- 
ing five children : George L. ; John W. ; Will- 
iam A. ; Samuel x-V. ; and Mary. 

George L. N_\'e was born in a log cabin, and 
li\ecl in Cass tow-nship until he enlisted in the 
Civil War, in 1863, becoming a private in Com- 
pany 1!, 7th Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf. He remained 
in the army until the close of the war, and did 
service in the Indian country in Kansas and 
Nebraska, where he saw thousands of buffaloes. 
After the war, he returned toi Cass township, 
and made his home there until 1869, when he 
removed to .Vgency township, where he has 
since lived and mainly followed farming. His 
farm is located in sections 30 and 36, and is 
under a high state of cultivation. He was ap- 
pointed postmaster of Agency City on Xov-em- 
ber 15, 1897, and has since served efficiently 
in that capacity, gi\-ing universal satisfaction. 

In 1868, Mv. N)e was joined in matrimony 
with Sarah J. Dudley, who was born in Agency 
township, \Yapello' countv, in 1847. They have 
reared six children, as follows: Charles ]\1., 
a farmer in Center township ; Minnie L. ; A. / 
]\I. ; Fannie: William D. : and Russell G. He 
is a Republican in politics, and has served as 
trustee and clerk of his township, and as a 
member oi the school board, for a number of 
years. He is a member of the soldiers' relief 
committee, and belongs to Post No. 107, G. 
A. R. His family are members of the IXIethod- 
ist Episcopal church. 



AVID SAUTBINE, a prosperous 
farmer of Agency township, Wapello 
county, Iowa, has beeu located here 
since 1849, 'incl has many friends 
throughout the county. He was born in Wayne 
county, OhiO', in 1820, and is a son of Charles 
T. and Elizabeth (Brady) Sautbine. 
' Charles T. Sautbine was born in France, 
and came to the United States when twent}- 
}'ears of age. He follnwed the occupation of a 
farmer. He was joined in matrimou}' with 
Elizabeth Brad}', who was born in Ireland, and 
David is their o-nly living child. 

David Sautbine was ten years old when he 
was taken by his parents to Indiana, where he 
IWed until the Mexican War was in progress. 
He then returned to Ohio', and in April, 1847. 
enlisted for service in Company I, 15th Reg., 
Ohio Vol. Inf. He went to Mexico on the ship 
"Russia," landed at Vera Cruz, and then 
marched to Pueblo, where they overtook Gen- 
eral Scott. They then marched to< the City of 
]\Iexico, and assisted in the taking of the capi- 
tal, and participated in much hard fighting 
throughout the war. He was discharged at 
Cincinnati, Ohio, August i, 1848. He came to 
lO'wa in December, 1849, S-iid located east of the 
town of Agency, in Agency township, "W'apello 
count)', where he purchased a farm and resided 
until 1862. He settled on his present farm in 
1863, and in 1870 built a two-story, eight- 
room house, in which he now lives. He has 
250 acres of fine fanning land in Agency town- 
ship, and is engaged in general farming. He 
has been a thrifty, industrious man, and has 
laid by a handsome competency. 

Mr. Sautbine was united in marriage with 
Lauretta Mace, whoi was born in Ohio in 1829, 
and they have reared the following children : 
Ernestine, wife of L. K. Cramer; Nettie, wife 
of Thomas ^Miller; Mary A., wife of William 
Ruck ; and Lorentine, who is a ranchman in 
Oklahoma Territory. Politicall)', the subject 
of this sketch is a Democrat, and has served on 
the school board of his district a number of 


F KERFOOT, a worthy representa- 
ti\'e of the younger generation of 
business men of AA^apello county. 
Iowa, is secretary, treasurer and man- 
ager of the Kerfoot Clothing Company, one 
of the largest firms of Ottumwa. He began 
hustling for himself at the early age of twelve 
years, and the great success attained is due 
solely to his own energy and ability. He was 
born in Ottumwa, in 1870, and is a son of 
John R. and Caroline (Crandall) Kerfoot. 

John R. Kerfoot came to Ottumwa from 
Maryland, about 1 845 , and owned a farm north 
of the city, but in 1880 he sold out and re- 
turned to Maryland, where he now lives. He 
married Caroline Crandall, who died in 1878, 
leaving three children : J. F., the subject of 
this sketch; Fred \Y.. a farmer, located south 
of Ottumwa; and Mrs. J. N. Githens, whose 
husband is a farmer, living north of Ottumwa. 
J. F. Kerfoot was reared and schooled in 
Ottumwa, and left home at the age of eleven 
years. About twelve years ago he began 
clerking for Mr. Paddock, and later worked 



in the office of J. H. Merrill & Company, with 
\Yhom he remained for two years. He next 
entered the employ of Mr. Doty, who had 
bought the business of Mr. Paddock, and re- 
mained with him until 1900. In that year he 
engaged in business for himself under the firm 
name of the Kerfoot Clothing Company, lo- 
cating at Nos. 103-105 East Main street, where 
he has a double building, 100 feet deep. He 
carries a complete stock and the heaviest line of 
gentlemen's furnishings and clothing in the 
city, and employs from seven tO' 10 men all the 
time. He met with success from the start, and 
the results of his efforts have exceeded his 
fondest expectations. 

Mr. Kerfoot was united in marriage with 
Daisy L. Ferree, a daughter of J. D. Ferree, 
on September 15, 1897. 

NSELUM B. PFIELPS, one of Wa- 
pello county's most prominent and in- 
fluential farmers, was born in Gallia 
county, Ohio, August 27, 1839, and 
came to Competine, Wapello county, with his 
parents in 1852. He now lives in Competine 
township, oil section 29, township 73, range 
12, and owns 400 acres of iine farming land. 
Benjamin B. Phelps, his father, was a na- 
tive of Hamilton coimty, Ohio', having been 
born i'l Cincinnati in 181 1, when the city was 
in its infancy. He died while on a visit to a 
son in I'"ranklin county, Iowa, January 5, 1875. 
He married Jane ]\IcCall, who was a daughter 
of James and Mary McCall, and died December 

27, 1871. They reared the following children: 
John B., who was born March 27, 1834, and 
lives in Franklin county, Iowa; James H., who- 
was born March 8, 1836, and died January i, 
1 89 1, at Hedrick; Mai-tha J., who was born 
January 5, 1838, and died January 5, 1873;. 
Anselum B. ; Abigail B., whoi was born April 
13, 1841, married Lafayette Eller, and lives 
in Competine township; Josiah B., born Janu- 
ary 27, 1843, "'liO' lives in Franklin county, 
Iowa, and was sheriff for two' terms ; Sally A.,, 
boa-n in October, 1844, who married W. H. H.. 
Williams, and is a widow, living in Osborne 
county, Kansas; Benjamin F., who was born 
October 12, 1845, ^"d died January 5, 1852,. 
in Gallia county, Ohio'; one who died in in- 
fancy; Alonzo, who was born June 6, 1848,, 
and died June 24, 1848; Harriet E., who was- 
born April 23, 1849, ^.nd died January 23, 
1853; Stephen V., who was born August 5, 
1851, and lives in Omaha; William R., who 
was born January 2, 1854, has taught school, 
many years, and now lives in Competine town- 
ship ; Mary, born February 18, 1856, who mar- 
ried B. F. Stevens, and lives in Hedrick ; Leoni- 
das M., born February 28, 1858, who lives in 
Clay county, Nebraska; and Leora, born Sep- 
tember 24, i860, who married Henry IMcCor- 
mick, and li\'es at Highland Center. Josiah B. 
was a member of Crmipany D, 17th Reg., 
Iowa Vok Inf., spent nine months in Anderson- 
\'ille Prison, and caught the scurvy, which took 
away a part of his jaw-bone. 

Anselun'i B. Phelps enlisted at Ottumwa, 
Iowa, August I, 1861, as a soldier in Companv 
I, 1st Reg., Iowa Vol. Cav., and served four 



years and seven months, by virtue of reenlist- 
ing in 1864. His regiment first went into camp 
at Burlington, Iowa, and thence went to^ Ben- 
ton Barracks, IMissouri. Its iirst engagement 
was at Blackwater, Missouri, in an attempt to 
drive the Confederate general, Hindman, out 
of the state. The officer retired to Wilson 
Creek battle-ground. Mr. Phelps" regiment 
went on a forced march of 100 miles and again 
struck General PIindma.n, completely routing 
his forces. The subject of this sketch returned 
home after the close of the war, and with $400 
saved from the pay received during the war 
bought 40 acres of Wapello' county land. By 
constant and energetic efifoTt, he has added land 
to his first purchase, until he now owns 480 
acres in Competine township, in sections 20, 
28 and 29; and every acre is worth double 
what it was when he purchased it in an uncul- 
tivated state. He has presented one of his sons, 
O. O. Phelps, with a farm worth $3,200, and 
the latter is doing well. He has given the rest 
of his children equal shares of land amounting 
to $2,800 each, and retains 80 acres with the 
homestead. Thirty-four years ago Mrs. Phelps 
planted the maple seed from which has sprung 
up the beautiful grove that shades their home 
and grounds. The farm is well supplied with 
everything necessary, an artesian well being of 
especial value. There are generally maintained 
about 300 head of stock, as this branch of the 
industry receives the principal share of atten- 

October 18, 1866, Mr. Phelps was united 
in marriage with Elizabeth Dickins, who was 
bora July 9, 1 84 1, and is a daughter of Thomas 

Martin and Elizabeth Dickins, and they have 
six children, as follows : Mary E., ^^•ho was 
born August 31, 1867, and was married March 
zj, 1890, to A. L. Howell, of Competine town- 
ship; Otis O., who was born March 29, 1869, 
and married Esther Forest, March 15, 1894; 
Thomas M., who was born June 6, 1871, and 
married Nellie B. Tade, March 25, 1896; Elza 
E., \\\\(y was born in 1873, and married Effie 
Roope, cf Hedrick; Ella E., a twin of Elza E., 
who was married October 19, 1894, to M. G. 
\Mnttington. of Competine township; and Mat- 
tie J., born March 29, 1880. Mr. Phelps is a 
member of the Republican party. With his 
family, he attaids the Baptist church, to which 
all of them belong. 

RANK McINTIRE is a member of the 
Harper & Mclntire Company, whole- 
sale dealers in hardware, of Ottum- 
wa, Iowa. He is a native of Iowa, 
having been born and raised on a farm in Wa- 
pello county. 

Mr. Mclntire attended the public schools 
and completed his education in the Iowa Agri- 
cultural College at Ames, Iowa, after which he 
taught school for three terms. He began his 
business life as a clerk in the hardware store 
of Egan, Harper & Company, on April 15, 
1880. In January, 1881, he was admitted into 
the firm, and the firm naiiie was 'changed to 
Harper, Chambers & Company. At once, upon 
becoming a member of the firm, he took to the 
road as traveling salesman, and followed this 



branch of the work for ten years, when, in 
1891, it was found necessary for him to take a 
place in the office. At that time, Mr. Chambers 
withdrew from the c'ompany, and the name was 
changed to the Harper & Mclntire Company. 
Mr. Mclntire is interested in several enter- 
prises, and is now ^-ice-president of the Ottum- 
wa Savings Bank. At the present time he is 
also' president of the Iowa Hardware Jobbers' 
Association. He is a tliorough-going business 
man, and takes an interest in all public enter- 
prises, contributing liberally of his means to 
public and private charities. Mr. Mclntire pos- 
sesses such social qualities as tO' attach to him 
warm personal friends, and enjoys a high repu- 
tation among the citizens of Ottumwa for in- 
tegrity and honor. 

AMES D. GRAY, proprietor of the Ot- 
tumwa Mineral Springs & Botthng 
Company, is one of the progressive 
business men of Ottumwa, Iowa. He 
was born in the Wapello county jail, iw Ot- 
tumwa, November 6, i860, when his father 
was serving as sheriff. He is a son of L. E. and 
Annie (Carpenter) Gray. 

L. E. Gray was born in Indiana, and died 
at Ottumwa, in June, 1895, at the age of sixty- 
six years. He came to Ottumwa in 1852, 
and was here married to Miss Carpenter. He 
followed farming for some years, and was 
elected sheriff in 1859, — serving one term. He 
later served as alderman from the Fourth 
Ward in Ottumwa, being about the only Dem- 
ocratic alderman ever elected from that ward. 

His wife died in 1876, aged forty-fi\x years, 
leaving three children: Mrs. W. A. Carnes, 
of Ottumwa; John A\' Gray, now chief of 
police of Ottumwa; and James D. He formed 
a second marital union by wedding Eleanor 
Bedwell, who died in 1894. Mr. Gray started 
a grocery store near the Ballingall Elotel, in 
1878, and conducted it under the firm name of 
L. E. Gray & Sons for two years. During this 
time he had formed a stock company and pros- 
pected for mineral water, and in 1880 bored 
an artesian well in East Ottumwa, which sup- 
lies an abundance of water. He had formerly 
been at Colfax and built the first large hotel 
there. In 1880, at a cost of $30,000, he erect- 
ed a hotel on the site of James D. Gray's pres- 
ent bottlery works at Ottumwa, and conducted 
it as a sanitarium. The water is very strongly 
impregnated with sulphates of magnesia and 
iron, and is fine as a remedy for rheumatism 
and stomach trouble. L. E. Gray sold out this 
establishment about 1890, to E. K. Shelton, 
who conducted it until it was destroyed by fire 
in 1892. James D. Gray, who had worked 
as clerk in the hotel, then purchased the land 
and springs. 

James D. Gray was reared in Ottumwa, 
and his first work was as partner in the grocery 
firm of L. E. Gray & Sons He went west to 
Kansas, and was united in marriage in 1885, at 
Council Bluffs, Iowa, with Nellie Bedwell. 
They immediately thereafter went to Santa Fe, 
New Mexico, where he engaged in the livery 
business for about one year. After living in 
various towns in New Mexico and Arizona, 
he returned to Ottumwa, and engaged in the 



bottling business. He purchased the hotel site 
after the destruction of the hotel by fire in 
1892, and cleared up the debris and built a 
house. He erected his present building in 
1894, 34 by 40 feet in dimensions, the upper 
part being used for a residence, and the lower 
portion as a bottling works. It is located on 
Vernon avenue, one block from Main street, 
and the artesian well water flows into the build- 
ing. During the season a large amount of 
pop is manufactured, — about 2,500 bottles per 
day, — and three wagons are kept busy in deliv- 
ering the goods. He has also built a good 
barn and other outbupdings. He 'does his 
own traveling in the interest of the firm, and 
has a very large business. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gray have one daughter, 
Irene S. In politics, Mr. Gray is a Democrat. 
Fraternally, he is a member of the B. P. O. E., 
and served as esquire two years. He belongs 
to the Knights of Pythias; Modern Woodmen 
of America; AA'oodmen of the AVorld; Forest- 
ers of America ; and is worthy president of the 
Eagles. Religiously, he fa^'ors the Congrega- 
tional church. Mr. Gray was nominated on 
August 17, 1 90 1, in the Democratic conven- 
tion held in Ottumwa, for sheriff of A\'apello 
county, and his friends predict his election to 
that oftice. 

counselor-at-law, of Ottumwa, Iowa, 
was born near Greenfield, Ohio, Feb- 
ruary 16, 1849. His father, Thomas 
G. McEIroy, was a soldier in the war of the 

Rebellion, and enlisted in the amiy when the 
subject of this sketch was fourteen years old, 
leaving him with his mother and five younger 
children to care for themselves on the farm. 
Before leaving home, the father called the chil- 
drai together and told them that as Ebenezer 
was the oldest he should take his place, and 
they must obey him the same as they would 
their father. To the fourteen-year-old boy, he 
said : "There will be many things that will 
bother you. Questions will come up about 
whether it is best to break certain fields ; wheth- 
er the wheat has stood the winter, so that it will 
be worth harvesting; whether the stock is fat 
enough to sell; what kind of crops should be 
put in certain fields, etc. If such things bother 
)'ou, it would be well for you to talk with your 
Uncle Hugh, or Mr. Smith, about them, but 
when you hear what they say, I want }"0U to do 
as you please." Throwing this responsibility 
on the boy at an early age probably had much 
influence on his character and prepared him for 
greater responsibilities. 

The subject of this biography attended 
country schools until he was fifteen years old; 
then he studied for two winters in the high 
school of Greenfield, Ohio', then for three years- 
in the South Salem .Vcademy, and then finished 
his course of three years at Cornell University, 
in June, 1872, receiving the degree of B. S. 
He took up the study of law at the State Uni- 
\'ersit}- of Iowa, and graduated from that insti- 
tution with the class of 1873. 

In August, 1873, 'Sir. McElroy located in 
Ottumwa, Iowa, where he has since lived. Iir 
1875, he formed a partnership with W. E. 




Chambers, and this association continued until 
the death of that gentleman, in 1890. M. A. 
Roberts was taken into the firm in 1887, and 
continued with it until he was elected tO' the 
office of district judge, in 1895. 

Mr. McElroy was married July 2, 1873, to 
Belle Hamilton, of Greenfield, Ohio. She was 
a native of that state, and a daughter of 
Thomas and Elizabeth Hamilton. She de- 
parted this life May 10, 1883. She was the 
mother of five children : Thomas Clifford ; 
Carl E. ; Walter H. ; Ralph T. ; and Evalyn. 
In 1884, he was married tO' Elizabeth Millner, 
and they have two children, — Edna and Edith. 

Mr. McElroy is an ardent Republican, but 
has never taken an active part in political work. 
He has served as alderman of the city, and has 
been a member of the school board for over 
eighteen years, and for the last ten years its 
president. He is a member of the Iowa State 
Bar Association. 

ENRY PHILLIPS, who ranks prom- 
inently among the foremost business 
men of Ottumwa, Iowa, is manager 
of the Ottumwa Box Car Loader 
Company, and manager, secretary and tr^as-- 
urer of the Phillips Fuel Company, of which his 
father is president. He was born in Van 
Buren county, Iowa, in 1858, and is a son of 
Ira and Emily (Henry) Phillips. 

The Phillips family descends from Caleb 
Phillips and many of its members are now lo- 
cated about Boston. The first of the family 

to come to this country were nine brothers, who 
emigrated from England sometime between 
1624 and 1630. Wendell Phillips was a de- 
scendant from this family. The first mayor of 
Boston, John Phillips, came from the same an- 
cestry. Ira Phillips, father of Henry, was born 
in iN'Iadison county, Ohio, May 28, 1830, and is 
a son of Asa and Elizabeth (Nichols) Phillips, 
his father being a native of New York and his 
mother, of Connecticut. He was one of seven 
sons and six daughters, and lived in Ohio until 
he reached the age of thirteen years, and then 
came to Van Buren county, Iowa, where his 
family located and farmed successfully. In 
1854, he was united in marriage with Emily 
Henry, who was born in Vermont, and thence- 
forth worked for himself. He farmed in Van 
Buren county until he came to Ottumwa in 
1875, and was then engaged in mining, and 
also, for some years, in the retail and whole- 
sale fruit business. He bought four acres in 
West Ottumwa, which he still o\vns. He 
opened and operated the first coal mines on the 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway, 
northwest of Ottumwa. He and his .wife be- 
came parents of two children ; Henry ; and 
Orra, who died in Van Buren county after ar- 
riving at young womanhood. 

Henry Phillips was reared in Van Buren 
county, Iowa, and attended the common 
schools, after which he took a course in the 
Ottumwa Business College. He accompanied 
his father's family to Ottumwa in 1875, and 
first engaged in the wholesale candy business 
with Boulton Brothers. He sold his interest in 
this business, and since 1881 has been engaged 



in the coal business. His fatlier established the 
Phillips Fuel Company and opened mines in 
the town of Phillips, which was platted later. 
He continued to operate these until 1891, when 
he opened mines at Foster. Since the organ- 
ization of this company, Henry Phillips has 
been secretary, treasurer and inanager. His 
father has not been in acti\'e business since the 
early "nineties," but lives near his son, Henry, 
liaving built a fine home on W'est Fourth street. 
The Ottumwa Box Car Loader Company was 
established in October, 1899, by Flenr}^ Phillips 
and W. E. Hunt, the inventors and promoters. 
The business was started, and the manufacture 
was begun at the Union Iron AVorks building, 
in Ottumwa, but the city donated $2,500 to lo- 
cate the plant, which was built in 1900, and 
occupied in August of that year. The building 
is 75 by 160 feet in dimensions, and is con- 
structed of brick. It is a verv complete ma- 
chine shop, arranged especially for manufactur- 
ing these loaders. The brass- casting is done 
at the plant now, and arrangements are in pro- 
gress for installing an iron foundry in con- 
nection with it. ,\ljout six years were spent in 
perfecting the invention and n\any discourag- 
ing features were met and overcome before the 
machine was an assured success, but one by 
one these were w(.>rked out and as the merits 
of the machine beca:me better known the busi- 
ness constantl}' increased and is very satis- 
factory. Superintendent Hunt, whose entire 
life has been spent in machine shops, has oc- 
cupied numerous responsible positions, such as 
manager of the Ottumwa Iron AVorks and of 

the Hardsocg Manufacturing Company. A 
force of 40 men is employed in the factory, 
and an ofiice force of ample size, together with 
two traveling representatives. Mr. Phillips 
and Mr. Hunt also frequently make special 
trips in the interest of the company. The 
machines, complete, are sold at $2,000, and 
the trade is developing very rapidly in the 
East, and in Canada. The great feature of 
this machine is that it will load coal without 
breaking and mashing it, as occurs when it is 
loaded in box cars by any other process, and 
at a minimum expense for labor. 

Mr. Phillips was united in marriage with 
Alice Hinsey, a daughter of Dr. J. C. Hinsey, 
deceased, who for many years was a prom- 
inent physician of Ottumwa. Mrs. Phillips 
was born in Ottumwa and is now forty-two 
years of age. This unioh resulted in the 
birth of three children : Philip P. ; Orra A. ; 
and Howard A. In politics, I\Ir. Phillips has 
always been a Republican. Fraternally, he 
belongs to the Royal Arcanum, and his wife 
is a member of the Ladies" Clul). She is a 
member of the Congregational church. He 
built a magnificent new residence at the corner 
of Fourth and Phillips streets, — one of the 
finest locations in the city. His home is called 
Greenwood, a name most appropriate, as his 
grounds resemble a park. There are beauti- 
ful shade trees, and the lawn is excellently 
kept. Every modern convenience character- 
izes the place, even to a private gas plant and 
water works. This is unsurpassed by any of 
the beautiful residences of which Ottumwa 



boasts, and is an ornament to the city. A 
portrait of Mr. Phillips accompanies this 

EORGE F. HEINDEL, attorney-at- 
law at Ottumwa, Wapelloi county, 
Io\\'a, is a well-known resident of that 
city. He was born in Gratiot, Wis- 
consin, in 1869, and is a son of Lewis and 
Emma (Rodolf) Heindel. 

Lewis Heindel was born in Lafayette coun- 
ty, Wisconsin, in 1841, where he was reared 
and schooled.' He prepared for a business ca- 
reer, and engaged in merchandising. He is 
now a merchant and banker O'f South Wayne, 
Wisconsin, and is one of the prominent and in- 
fluential business men of that city. He married 
Emma Rodolf, who was born in Lafayette 
county, Wisconsin, and to them were born five 
children, as follows: George F. ; Marcus L., 
a farmer; Wilfred L., who is associated with 
his father in the mercantile business; Roy L., 
who is a teacher in the Philippines ; and Sydney 
C, who lives at home. 

George F. Heindel received his preparatory 
mental training in the primary schools of his 
native county, and in the high school of War- 
ren, Illinois. He then entered the State Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, at Madison, and gradu- 
ated from the literary and law department of 
that institution with the class of 1891. In 
August of that year, he located in Ottumwa, 
Iowa, and began the practice of his chosen 
profession. He was associated with W. A. 
Work from 1892 until 1894, and the following 

four years were spent in partnership with E. E. 
McElroy. Since that time, he has practiced 
alone, and has been veiy successful. With 
keen perception, good judgment, and marked 
executive capacity, he is a lawyer of more than 
ordinary ability, "and stands high among his 
professional brethren in Ottumwa.. 

Mr. Heindel was wedded tO' Emma Rein- 
liardt, a nati^'e of Ottumwa, and they have one 
daughter, Mary. The subject of this sketch is 
a member of the Commercial Law League of 
America. Lie belongs to the A. F. & A. M. 
and Royal Arcanum lodges. Politically, he is 
a Democrat, and takes an active interest in 
party work and organization. 

OHN B. SCHMIDT, the second son of 
Bernard Schmidt, is a merchant of 
Ottumwa, Wapello' county, Iowa. He 
\\-as born in Ottumwa, January 26, 
1872. His father, Bernard Schmidt, was born 
in Hanoiver, German}-, May 27, 1844. He 
married Katrina Stuckleman, in 1867, and John 
B. Schmidt is the second child born to them. 
His mother died, after which his father mar- 
ried Elizabeth Dunnebrink. Bernard Schmidt 
is a brick-maker by trade. 

John B. Schmidt, the subject of this sketch, 
married Libbie Hannan, a daughter of Daniel 
and Libbie (Mason) Hannan. She was born 
February 11, 1877. Daniel Hannan is a native 
of New York, and was born in 1845. He set- 
tled in Iowa in 1871, where he was one of the 
Ottumwa police force for twenty-four years. 



He was chief of police four years, and is riow 
an efficient detective, employed by the Chicago, 
Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company. His 
children are: May, who was born in 1871, 
married James Stark, and lives at Mason City, 
lo'wa; Gertrude, whoi was born in 1873, mar- 
ried Frank Peters, and lives at Creston, Iowa; 
Libbie, Mr. Schmidt's wife; Catherine, born in 
1878, a resident of Ottumwa; and Daisy, bom 
in 1 88 1, who lives at home. 

John Schmidt and his wife are members of 
the Catholic church. Mr. Schmidt is an enter- 
prising merchant of Ottumwa, and is highly 
successful. He is a member of the Foresters 
and the Eagles. Politically, he is a Democrat. 

1885, which business he has managed since 

1886. They conduct a very prosperous busi- 
ness, and stand high wherever known. 

In 1884, Mr. Johnson was united in the 
bonds of matrimony with Sarah Lilburn, a 
daughter of Samuel Lilburn. Politically, Mr. 
Johnson is an indqDendent Republican. 

has been a resident of Ottumwa, 
Iowa, since 1878, is at the present 
time identified with the firm of Sam- 
uel Lilburn & Company, packers and shippers 
of butter and eggs. He was born in Seneca 
county, Ohio, December 10. 1854. 

Mr. Johnson was reared and educated in 
Northern Ohio, and was graduated from Bald- 
win University with the class of 1876. Upon 
leaving college, he entered upon the study of 
law, and soon after coming to Ottumwa, in 
1878, was admitted to the bar of Iowa. In 
addition to the practice of law, he served as 
principal of the Ottumwa High School during 
1879 and 1880. He relinquished the legal pro- 
fession in 1885, having become interested in 
the firm of Samuel- Lilburn, & Company in 

OHN B. DENNIS, one of the progres- 
sive citizens of Ottumwa, Wapello 
county, Iowa, is a member of the firm 
of Samuel Lilburn & Company, pack- 
ers and shippers of butter and eggs. He was 
born in Schuyler county, Missouri, in 1853, 
and is a son of Caswell and Cyrene (Yadon) 

Caswell Dennis was born in Eastern Ten- 
nessee, in 181 7, and is a son of Thomas and 
Charity (Beason) Dennis, — ^being one of 12 
children. His parents were both natives of 
North Carolina, and at an early day moved to 
Tennessee. His father was of Irish nativity 
and parentage, and his mother was descended 
from English ancestors. Caswell Dennis re- 
moved from Tennessee to Shelby county, Indi- 
ana, in 1 84 1, and remained there for two years, 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. He thai 
moved to Schuyler county, Missouri, where he 
was located until he came to Wapello- county, 
in August, 1864. He first located in Competine 
township, but after two years purchased his 
present farm of 120 acres on section 15, High- 
land township. He was united in marriage 
with Cyrene Yadon, \\'ho was born in Tennes- 




see, and was a daughter of William and Mar- 
garet (Capps) Yadon, both natives of the same 
state. Six children were born of this union, 
as follows: William A., who died in infancy; 
Silas M., whoi died in 1887; Elizabeth J., who 
became the wife of J. R. Alexander, of Kansas 
City, Missouri, who died in 1900; Sarah E., 
wife of J. W. McCormick, of Highland town- 
ship; Mary M., wife of AVilliam H. Stevens, 
who is engaged in business in Ottumwa; and 
John B., the subject of this sketch. Mrs. Den- 
nis departed this life in 1873, at the age of 
fifty-three years. Mr. Dennis formed a second 
union in 1874, wedding Miss E. J. Capps, who 
was born in Indiana, and is a daughter of Will- 
iam and Anna Capps. He is a highly respected 
•citizen of his community, and has many friends. 
Religioiusly, he is a member in good standing 
of the Baptist church. 

John B. Dennis received his intellectual 
training in the public schools of Ottumwa, and 
took a business course at the Quincy Commer- 
cial College at Quincy, Illinois. In 1883, he 
entered the service of the First National Bank 
of Ottumwa, where he remained tmtil 1889, 
when he purchased an interest in the firm of 
Samuel Lilburn & Company. They have a very 
extensive business, and have met with good suc- 
cess. Mr. Dennis is a man of recognized busi- 
ness ability, and is very attentive to his busi- 
ness interests. He is an independent Democrat 
in politics, and served as deputy county auditor 
during 1879, and again in 1881 and 1882. He 
is a director in the Ottumwa National Bank, 
and was one of the promoters of the Wapello 
Savings Bank. He is also secretary of the J. 

E. Scase Company, a dry goods firm. He was 
united in marriage, in 1883, with Brehilda 
Bedwell, of Ottumwa. 

HOMAS J. PHILLIPS, ex-mayur of 
Ottumwa, \\-hose portrait is shown 
herewith, is general superintendent 
of the Whitebreast Fuel Company of 
Illinois, a company extensively operating in 
Illinois and Iowa. The main office has been 
located in Ottumwa for some years, and the 
entire business of the company is done through 
the office of Mr. Phillips. He was born in 
South Wales in 1841, and is a son of John T. 
and Margaret (Edwards) Phillips. 

John T. Phillips and his wife became the 
parents of nine children, only two of whom 
are now living : Thomas J. ; and Jeanette, 
widow of Edward E. Ivens, who resides in 
Lucas county, Iowa. John T. Phillips war. 
engaged in the coal business throughout his en- 
tire life, first in AYales and later in America. 
He died in Lucas county, Iowa. 

Thomas J. Phillips was but six or seven 
years old when the family came to, America, 
landing in New Orleans. They then moved to 
St. Louis, where he was reared, his parents 
residing in what was then Shaw's Tower 
Grove, now a park and garden. Aside from a 
good common school education, he has had no 
assistance, but is entirely a self-made man. His 
first work was in the coal business as an em- 
ploye of the Northern Missouri Coal & Min- 
ing Company, by which he was later advanced 
to be a foreman. Upon. the dissolution of that 



company, he immediately entered the employ 
of the W. B. Jackson & Brothers Coal Com- 
pany as a foreman, remaining ^\•ith them un- 
til 1879, \vhen he became identified with the 
Whitebreast Fuel Company. He thereby bet- 
tered his position, and was thereafter steadily 
advanced until he became general superintend- 
ent of the entire company. He was mine su- 
perintendent in Lucas county, Ljwa, from 1879 
to 1884, and then served as general superin- 
tendent with his offices at Cleveland until 1890, 
vvhen he came to Ottumwa, changing the gen- 
eral office to this point. The main offices of 
the company are in the Rookery Building, Chi- 
cago, although all of the business passes 
through the hands of Air. Phillips at Ottumwa, 
as he has charge of all the company propsrt}-, 
both in Illinois and Iowa. The company first 
began operations in Iowa about 1875 or 1876, 
and it is really the parent of the Colorado 
Fuel & Iron Company, a mammoth concern, 
of which J. C. Osgood, formerly president of 
the A\'hitebreast Fuel Company, is now presi- 
dent. Mr. Phillips is ably assisted in his work 
by his son, J. T. Phillips. They have occu- 
pied their present suite of rooms since the 
building was erected by Air. Bonnifield, who 
aranged the rooms for the con\-enience of the 
company. Ottumwa is the distributing point 
of the company for Iowa, and Chicago for Il- 

Thomas J. Phillips was united in marriage, 
in Missouri, with Isabella AA'atkins, a native of 
the East, who came tO' St. Louis as a child 
and was a daughter of Henry AA'atkins. She 
was left an orphan and she, herself, died in 

1 89 1, at the age of forty years, leaving six 
children : John T., vi'ho is assistant to his 
father, and who married Miss Atherton, of 
Marion county, Iowa, and has a daughter, \Vil- 
ma; Margaret (Campbell), of Lucas county, 
Iowa ; Jeanette, who is in the employ of the 
Colorado Fuel & Iron Company, and lives in 
Colorado; Kate, who resides with her father 
at Ottumwa ; Thomas, whO' has a position as 
weighing foreman at the mines in Lucas coun- 
ty; and Ruth, who is at home. Mr. Phillips 
was married in 1892, to Alary AIcHugh, a na- 
tive of the Empire state, and later a resident 
of Bureau county, Illinois. 

In politics, Mr. Phillips is a Democrat and 
served t\\-o terms as mayor of Ottumwa, — 
from 1897 to 1 90 1, inclusive. He is a Alaster 
Mason, having joined the order in 1805; a 
member of the Knights of Pythias, having'- 
served in all the chairs in Lucas county; and 
also a member of the Elks, Eagles, and Druids, 
I'f Ottumwa. His son, J. T. Phillips, is also 
a member of the Knights of Pythias. 

August 21, 1 90 1, at the Democratic con- 
vention held at Des Aloines, Iowa, Air, Phil- 
lips ^\■as nominated as the Democratic candi- 
date for governor of Iowa. 

R. AI. BANNISTER came with his 
parents to Ottumwa when eight years 
old, and received his primary educa- 
tion in the public schools, and his col- 
lege degree at the State University of Iowa. 
He decided on the profession of medicine at an 



early age, and took a course of one year's study 
in the medical department of the State Uni- 
versity of Iowa. He completed his professional 
training in the medical department of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, in 1894, and was for 
some time employed as physician in the Poly- 
clinic Hospital at Philadelphia. He served as 
medical examiner for the Chicago, Burlington 
& Ouinc}' Railroad Company for twO' years, 
and then came tu Ottumwa, to engage in the 
general practice of medicine and surgery. Since 
1898, he has occupied his present suite of 
r(joms in the Leighton Block. Dr. Bannister 
is uninarried, and makes his home with his 
mother, in Ottumwa. Fraternally, he is a mem- 
ber of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows ; 
the -\ncient Order of United Workmen; the 
Rrjyal Arcanum; and the Brotherhood of 
/\merican Yeomen. He also belongs to the 
Des ?*,Ioines 'Valley Medical Association. In 
p< litics, he is a Republican. Religiously, he is 
a member oi the Congregational church. 

HARLES A. WALSH, whose name is 
familiar not only tO' Wapello' county 
people, but to tho'se of the countr}- as 
well, was born in Bentonsport, Iowa, 
October 14, 1859, but has spent the days of his 
manhood in Ottumwa, remi)\'ing here before he 
had attained his majority and here attending 
the public schools. ' 

Mr. Walsh has had a busy life, having 
served as county attorney, and under the Bal- 
lingall will became trustee of the large Bal- 

lingall estate. He was elected a member of the 
Democratic national committee from Iowa in 
1896, and immediately after was chosen sec- 
retary of the committee, serving during the 

campaign with great credit to himself. In if 
he went to Alaska and became interested in 
gold claims near Dawson. During the winter 
he edited a Dawson paper ; prior to that time he 
was cue of the managers (,f the Ottiimz^'a Daily 
Sun. Mr. Walsh returned fr</m the Klondike 
in ample time to take up his duties as secretary 
of the Democratic national committee prior to 
the opening of the campaign (f 1900. He was 
a deleg-ate to the Kansas City convention, and 
was a warm supporter of .Air. Bryan. .Air. 
Walsh \vas reelected secretary of the national 
con:mittee in 1900, a position he now holds ; he 
IS alsrj interested in business enterprises, to 
which he devotes a part of his time. 

Mr. A\'a,lsh was happily married a fevv years 
ag-,;, to Catherine Alaxon, a daughter of Mr. 
and Airs. J. B. Alaxon, the former being for 
se\-eral years superintendent of the Iowa Di- 
vision of the Chicago-, Burlington & puincy 
Railroad. There is no citizen of Ottumwa who 
has been more prominent before the country 
than Air. AA^alsh. 

ON. HOAJFR D. R'KS. The follow- 
ing extracts from an obituary written 
by Henry AA' Clement were pub- 
lished in the Eddyvillc Transcript of 
October 17, 1867, and reflect to some extent 
the deep respect in which Air. Ives was held 
by the people of that locality : 



"The startling annoiuncement made on last 
Monday morning of the sudden death of Hon. 
H. D. Ives, of this city, in Keokuk, cast a deep 
gloom over the entire community. Mr. Ives, 
together with his wife, eldest daughter and in- 
fant child, left this place about two weeks since 
for St. Louis, — partially for recreation, par- 
tially for the purpose oi affording their little 
child the advantages Oif eminent medical skill, 
and also to visit some of the modern residences 
in the city for the purpose of procuring- dia- 
grams for a new residence he \\as contem- 
plating erecting on his fine building site on the 
blufif, in the suburbs of our city. 

"The party concluded their visit and were 
on their return trip up the river on a packet 
when Mr. Ives was suddenly taken ill on Sun- 
day night last and died the following morning 
(October 14), at 8 0'"clock, just as the boat was 
landing at Keokuk. The family immediately 
telegraphed the sad news to ■William H. Dun- 
lap, of this place, and soon after Superintend- 
ent Williams also sent a telegram stating that 
the 1>ody woiild be up on the 2 o'clock train. 
Accordingly everything was put in readiness, 
and his remains were received and immediately 
taken to the cemetery and buried. The family, 
overwhelmed with grief, were taken at once to 
their home, where the remaining portion oi 
them were waiting, and were kindly cared for 
and visited by neighbors and friends, notwith- 
standing the rumor that his death was caused 
by cholera. Even this report, which soon spread 
abroad through the community, causing many 
to stay away when the remains came to the de- . 
pot, did not deter a sufficient number from vol- 

unteering their services to assist in the last sol- 
emn duty to the dead, and a large number of 
friends from visiting and caring for the heart- 
broken, desolate, afflicted and exhausted family. 
Humanity has been fully repaid, however, for 
not one single case of anything resembling 
the cholera has been seen or felt in our city. 

"Homer D. Ives located in Eddyville at an 
early date, when our little city was in its in- 
fancy. He came here with nothing but a small 
library, a literary and legal education (having 
previously graduated, as we learn, at Yale Col- 
lege and Law School) and an indomitable will. 
The location of our town being peculiar as to 
the surrounding county-seats, his business ex- 
tended very rapidly and very widely, and he 
became known in the counties of Wapello, 
Monroe, Marion, Appanoose, Mahaska and 
Keokuk at an early day. He soon became a 
successful practitioner, a man of untiring ener- 
gy and will power. 

"Mr. Ives at an early period purchased lots 
in the city, and from time toi time, as he became 
able, erected buildings on them. At an early 
day he built the brick storeroom now occupied 
l^y Giamberlin Brothers, which formed the nu- 
cleus of the whole block of buildings that now 
surround it. He improved on his property as 
fast as he bought it, and at the time of his death 
his annual income from rents amounted to- a 
large sum. 

"Mr. Ives was appointed agent oi Berdan, 
w ho bought of Eddy the original town plat of 
Eddyville. He threw his whole influence into 
the work, and during his agency our little town 
prospered, property sold very readily, and our 



popnlaition increased tO' almost, if not quite, 
■doiible its former number. 

"When the proposition for building the 
bridge across the Des Moines River at this 
point was first made, it was largely due tO' the 
energy, perseverance and tact of Mr. Ives that 
sufficient life was infused intO' the people tO' in- 
sure its commencement and final completion. 
He was always ready with a fitting speech, and 
though sometimes severe and sarcastic, he was 
usually a harmonizer. 

"Mr. Ives was not only a public-spirited 
man and successful financier, but he was a good 
neighbor and kind-hearted man. To- those who 
best knew him and those who' associated with 
him most, he possessed rare attractions of char- 
acter and warm veins of feeling. 

"At home, Mr. Ives was one of the most 
social, useful and interesting men we ever 
knew. His family, to whom he was an affec- 
tionate husband and father, regarded him with 
little less than adoration, and he was lavish 
with his means in furnishing them with every- 
thing which he thought would add to their 
happiness. He was a fine conversationalist, 
and a man who' kept pace with the best litera- 
ture of the day, and his taste was cultivated 
and correct. He was passionately fond of mu- 
sic, and during his whole life was a warm 
patron of the art. His taste was particularly 
fine and discriminating, and his home was al- 
ways the resort of our best musical talent. 

"We have thus hastily summed up a part 
of the acts and characteristics of the distin- 
■guished citizen whose decease, occurring in the 

manner it did, seemed so peculiarly sad. His 
life as a whole has been a success. He has left 
behind him a good name in the community in 
which he lived, at the \-arioiis bars at which 
he practiced his profession, and in the memories 
of many warm personal friends." 

A scrap-book, containing writings of Mr. 
Ives in Connecticut and other Eastern papers, 
throws side lights on his character. As early 
as 1843, hs' ^""'^^ taking a prominent part in 
public affairs, acting with the old AVhig party, 
and A\as the author of county and cUstrict plat- 
foi^ms and acted as an officer in Whig connec- 
tions of that day. He was an ardent Whig, 
ind became a Republican when that party was 
fi.rst organized. 

Mr. Ives was a Yale student and early im- 
bibed Yale ideas ; his ancestors were among 
those who- aided tof found that great college, 
and during all his life in the AA'^est he never for- 
got !iis early training. He was a gentleman in 
all that the word implies, and was one of the 
best lawyers that have practiced in Wapello 

H. D. Ives was born in North Haven, Con- 
necticut, in 1814, and, as heretofore stated, 
died October 14, 1867. He was a son of Will- 
iam and Mary (Bray) Ives, natives o-f Con- 
necticut. He was married in 1849 ^^ Mary 
Eastman, a daughter of Rev. Oliver and Laura 
(Ward) Eastman, natives of the state of New 
York. There were born to H. D. Ives and 
wife : Mary V., wife of Dr. Todd, of Los An- 
geles, CalifoTuia,; Carrie E.. who married W. 
A. Hunter; Wilfred H., a farmer of Kansas; 



Jennie W., wife of J. W. Calhoun, oi Ottum- 
\va, Iowa; and Vina B., wife of R. N. Bowden, 
of Brookfield, Missouri. 

RS. EMMA J. PUMROY, widow 

of the late Martin S. Pumroy, of 

Center township, Wapello county, 

Iowa, is a native of Morgan 

county, Ohio, and was born July 22, 1855. 

She is a daughter of \A'illiam and Isabella J. 

(Patterson) Moore. 

Mrs. Pumroy's grandfather, James Patter- 
son, was born in 1792, of Scotch-Irish an- 
cestry. His ancestors were driven from Scot- 
land to the North of Ireland by religious per- 
secution, in the seventeenth centur)-. James 
Patterson died at the advanced a,ge of eightv- 
seven }-ears, and his wife reached the age of 
ninety years. 

Elizabeth Patterson, the great-aunt of the 
subject of this sketch, ^^■as a sister of James 
Patterson. The family was reputed as being 
very wealthy, and Elizabeth was considered 
one of the most beautiful belles of Baltimore 
society. During the early period of Napoleon 
Bonaparte's greatness, his brother, Jerome 
Bonaparte, afterward King of AA'estphalia, who 
was visiting in America at that time, was pre- 
sented to Elizabeth Patterson, and immediately 
succumbed tO' her beauty and womanly charms. 
After a brief courtship they \vere united in 
marriage, in 1803. Two sons, Lucien and 
Jerome, blessed the union. Jerome Bonaparte 
was recalled to France after a few years by hifj 

brother, the Emperor, who forced him to set 
aside the marriage, as he had in view for him 
an alliance with royalty, and the American 
marriage was in the way. Jerome Bonaparte 
returned to France with the hope of reconciling 
his brother to the marriage, but was disap- 
pointed. Elizabeth remained in America with 
her two sons, but when Lucien grew to man- 
hood he joined his father in France, taking his 
rightful position in the Bonaparte family. 
Jerome remained loyal to his mother and to 
his country until the time of his death, which 
occurred in Washington, District of Columbia. 

Isabella J. Patterson, the mother of Airs. 
Pumroy, was born February 11, 1822. In 
1852 she married William Moore. To this 
union were Ijorn t^Aoi children, — James P., born 
September i, 1853; and Mrs. Pumroy. Mr. 
r\Ioore died in 1864, and in 1871 his widow 
married William Richardson. This gentle- 
man went west, where he prospected in the 
mountains beyond Leadville, Colorado. He 
was never heard from after that time, and is 
supposed to have been killed by robbers or by 
the Indians who' infested the mountains at that 

Mrs. Pumroy was first married to Thomas 
R. Buckley, orderly sergeant to General But- 
ler, with whom he served during his celebrated 
campaign at New Orleans, where the General 
gained the cognomen of "Silver Spoon But- 
ler." Mr. Buckley was killed by the cars De- 
cember 22. 1 88 1. On February 27, 1883, the 
subject of this sketch married Martin S. Pum- 
roy, who was born in Wapello county, and' 
raised on the farm which is now conducted -by 



j\Irs. Pumroy. He comes of a family oi 
farmers, his father, Grimes Pumroy, hav- 
ing foillowed that occupation all his life. 
Grimes Pumroy was born April 2, 1822, 
and his death took place in 1897. Martin 
S. Pumfoy was for many j-ears one O'f 
the leading farmers of Wapello county, and his 
death, which occurred January 25, 1901, was 
sincerely mourned by all in the community. 
He was a man of much intelligence, and always 
kept thoroughly abreast with the improve- 
ments which tended to advance his chosen oc- 
cupation. He was an energetic, hard worker, 
and his place in the community cannot be filled 
by any man more ali\'e to the interests of his 

Mrs. Pumroy, an estimable lady of many 
splendid qualities, has since conducted the farm 
of 25 acres, which is in section 34, tdwnship 
72, range 14. She is widely known in Center 
township. Mr. and Mrs. Pumroy had no 
children, but raised a boy, from New York, 
who has taken the family name, and is now 
known as John E. Pumroy. He li\-es in Chi- 
cago, Illinois. 

of the representative farmers of Center 
township, Wapello county, Iowa, is 
located in section 32, township y2. 
range 14, and also owns land in section 6 of 
the same township. He was born in AVapello 
county, Iowa, April 8, 1865, and is a son of 
J. AV Wellman. 

J. W. Wellman was born in Kentucky in 
November, 1822, and was a son of i\Iichael 
W'ellman, who' was born in Virginia, and was 
of English descent. This family was estab- 
lished in this country at an early day by three 
brothers, who came from England. J. A\' 
Wellman was a farmer by occupation, and 
came to Wapello count)^, Iowa, in 185 1. He 
established, in 1885, the postoffice called Ama- 
dor, of which he \\as postmaster until his 
death, October 21, 1899. He also conducted 
a grocery store there during the last eighteen 
years of his life. He married }»Iary Hendri.K- 
son, who was born in Shenandoah, Pennsyl- 
vania, her grandfather having come to this 
country from England. Seven children 
blessed this unico, all of whom are now li\-ing 
and mainly folhjw farming. 

Frank Wellman attended the common 
scho(jls of Wapello count}', and at an early age 
began working on the farm, an occupation he 
has followed ever since. In 1891 he acquired 
of Tillie Parks his present farm, she having 
purchased it of the Da^'id Burton estate, and 
the latter being grantee of Mr. Lawrence, who 
entered the land. Mr. AA'ellman is a progress- 
ive farmer, and has made many improvements 
upon his land. He has a good house and sub- 
stantial outbuildings, and engages in diversi- 
fied farming. He is possessed of many high 
qualities, and has numerous friends through- 
out this count}-, where he 1ms spent his entire 

Frank V^ellman was united in marriage, 
April 18, 1886, with Libbie Brock, who was 
born in AA'apello county, Iowa, January 11, 



1866, and is a daughter of Shelby P. and 
Louisa E. Brock. The former was born near 
Nashville, Tennessee, while the latter was 
born at Terre Haute, Indiana. Her father 
was born February 6, 1836, and is still living. 
He is a farmer by occupation, and was four 
3'ears of age when brought to> ^Vapello county, 
where he remained until 1873, when he went 

to Pottawatomie county, Kansas, where he 

ill -^ 

now lives. His father, James Brock, was a 
farmer in the South, where he was born, and 
his grandfather, Thomas Brock, came to 
' America from England at an early day and 
followed the trade of a carpenter. Mr. and 
Mrs. Wellman have two children: George B., 
who was born October 21, 1889; and Julia 
May, born July 6, 1892. 

OHN THEUNISSON (children, spell 
the name Tennyson), a highly re- 
spected farmer of Center township, 
Wapello county, Iowa, is living on 
section 32, townshijp 72, range 14. He is a 
native of Holland, and was born in 1835. He 
was put to work on his father's farm very 
■early in life, and, therefore, his education was 
much neglected, although he learned tO' read 
and write. He was ambitious to better his 
condition, and at the age of eighteen yeai's 
came to America. He spent some time in Chi- 
cago before coming to Iowa. He first settled 
in Keokuk, Iowa, where he worked at teaming. 
After saving some money he removed to Eddy- 
ville, Wapello county, where he remained five 

years, then moved to his present neighborhood 
and rented for five years, and then bought his 
present home farm. He first bought 52 acres 
in Center township for $450, paying $250 
down. The land was in a wild state, and 
there was nothing on the place- but a very rude 
log cabin, not_fit to live in. He managed to 
spend the following winter in this cabin, and 
early in the spring which followed fixed up 
the house. In 1878 he erected his present large 
frame house. The land is in an excellent con- 
dition, and everything about the place is sug- 
gestive of Mr. Theunisson's thrifty and ener- 
getic management. His farm consists of 131 
acres of ^'aluable land. 

In 1859 ^1"- Theunisson married Dora 
Vandaloo, whose parents came from Holland. 
Mr. and Mrs. Themiisson have eight children, 
namely : Mary Ann, born in 1861 ; John H., 
born in 1863; Cornelius, born in 1865; Will- 
iam H., born in 1867; Nellie, born in 1869; 
Anna Mary, born in 1871 ; Elizabeth, born in 
1873; and Thomas, born December 21, 1882. 
The children spell the family name Tennyson. 

Mr. and Mrs. Theunisson are members of 
the Catholic church, and their children were 
baptized in that faith. 

HELTON HALE, deceased, who was 
a prominent farmer of Center town- 
ship, \\^apello county, Iowa, died Oc- 
tober 21, 1 90 1. He was born in 

Jefferson county, Iowa, in 1844, and was a son 

of Peter and Mary Hale. 



40 ii 

Peter Hale and his wife came from Ken- 
tucky to Jefferson county, Iowa, and in 1844 
located in Wapello county, Iowa, where Mrs. 
Hale entered the land where Sheltoii Hale re- 
sided, on section 12, township 72, range 14. 
The Hale family is a prominent one in this 
country, and the ancestry is traceable back to 
Sir Mathew Hale, of England. 

Shelton Hale was but an infant when he 
was brought by his parents to Wapello county, 
and his boyhood was passed in assisting his 
father clear the old home farm. At that early 
day the public school system had not made 
much progress, and his educational advantages 
were very limited, his services being rec|uired 
by his father in the work about the farm. At 
the age of twenty-one he went into the auction 
business, of which he made a grand success. 
He traveled over many states and territories 
making sales, going, as far as California and 
New Mexico. He met with many interesting 
experiences and saw many grand sights, one 
of which in particular made a deep impression 
on him, — a mountain of fire seemingly in the- 
center of a lake in Nicaragua, one of the great- 
est sights in the world. He finally settled in 
permanent business at Ottumwa, Iowa, and 
continued there for six years, ^\•hen he located 
on the old farm, where he lived until his death. 
The land, of which there are 130 acres, is 
under a high state of cultivation, nicely im- 
proved and equipped with good, substantial 
buildings. He followed general farming with 

Mr. Hale was tmited in marriage, in 1895, 
with Anna Jones, who was born in Tennessee 

and comes of a prominent line of ancestors, 
who have been located in this country for many 
generations. Mr. Hale was a strong Demo- 
crat in National politics, but in local elections 
voted for the men he thought best for the office. 

EE A. OCKERT. Among the 
many well known and highly re- 
spected citizens of Wapello county, 
is the gentleman whose name ap- 
pears at the opening of these lines, and whose 
portrait is herewith shown. He is at present 
living on the farm known as the J. L. Mc- 
Cormick farm, on section 12, Dahlonega town- 
ship. Mr. Ockert was born in Warren county, 
Illinois, in 1867, and is a son of John and_ 
Elizabeth Ockert. 

John Ockert was born in- Germany and 
came to the United States when twenty-two 
years old. He followed the occupation of a 
farmer all his life, and his death occurred in 
1899. He married Elizabeth Reibold, who 
was a native of Germany, and their children 
were as follows : Frank ; Mary ; Henry ; 
George ; Lizzie : Lee A. ; Katie ; and W'illiam. 
Lee A. Ockert, the subject of this sketch, 
lived in his native county until he became of 
age. He attended the Dixon Normal School 
for one year, and later spent some time in 
traveling. He came to Wapello county in 
1892, and after spending three years in Dahl- 
onega township, he returned to his home in 
Illinois. In the spring of 1900, he returned to 
Wapello county, where he bought his present 



farm in Dahlonega township. It is in the 
southeast quarter of section 12. ]\Ir. Ockert 
carries on general, farming and stock-raising 
and is considered one of the rising young farm- 
ers of AVapeho county 

PoHtically Mr. Ockert is a RepubHcan and 
is serving at present as clerk of the township. 
He is also- a member of the school board. 
Fraternally he is a member of the M. AV. of A., 
of Agency, Iowa. Religiously he is a member 
of the Methodist church. Mr. Ockert occupies 
a high place in the esteem of his fellow citi- 
zens, and is a man of more than ordinarjr intelli- 
gence and ability. 


AMUEL H. BURTON, who has been 
a resident of A\'apello county, Iowa, 
since 1862, is a native of Waterloo^, 
Seneca county. New York. He has 
had a varied business career and at different 
times was engaged in the practice of law, in sur- 
veying and in the mercantile business, but since 
1886 he has been located on a farm, purchased 
in 1868, in section 21, township 13, range 72, 
one mile east of the city of Ottumwa, in Cen- 
ter township, where he conducts a truck and 
fruit farm with much success. He was born 
January 29, 1841, and is a son of John and 
Elizabeth (Hooper) Burton. 

John Burton was a captain in the War of 
1812, and was in the battles of Lundy's Lane. 
His father was an Episcopal minister and came 
to this country with his family from Man- 
chester, England, in 1798. John accompanied 

his father to this country and took up the legal 
profession, becoming a lawyer of considerable 
prominence. He married Elizabeth Hooper, 
who was a lineal descendent of General Clark, 
a prominent figure during the Revolutionary 
period. The Clark family of this branch has 
long been a very prominent one, and was first 
established in this country by Samuel Clark, 
who located in Wethersfield, Connecticut, in 
1630, possibly having come from Devon, Eng- 
land. He moved to Rippowams, now Stam- 
ford, Connecticut, in 1640, and died at Bed- 
ford, in 1690. His son, William Clark, was 
born in Stamford, Connecticut, in 1645, ^"d 
died in Bedford in 1712; he was the father of 
Nathan Clark, who was born in 1676 and died 
in 1738. The latter was father of Jehiel Clark, 
born at Bedford, New York, in 1710 and died 
near Newljury, Ulster county, in 1743. Sam- 
uel Clark, a son of Jehiel Clark, was born Feb- 
ruary 17, 1 74 1, and was commissioned lieu- 
tenant by General Washington at White 
Plains, captain at Poughkeepsie, June 16, 1778, 
and major May 6, 1779, lieutenant colonel at 
East Line, Saratoga county. New York, in 
1786, colonel at East Line, May 10, 1792, 
brigadier general of the Ninth Brigade at 
Saratoga, July 3, 1804, and major general on 
March 8, 18 14. Lydia Clark, second daugh- 
ter of Samuel Clark, married Pontius Hooper, 
and lived the latter years of her life 10 miles 
west of Clinton, Michigan. This union re- 
sulted in the birth of Elizabeth Hooper, mother 
of our subject, September 25, 1799. The lat- 
ter died in 1875 at Waterloo, New York. 

Samuel H. Burton attended and was grad- 



uated from the Waterloo Academy, and be- 
came a teacher at the early age of eighteen 
years. He subsec[uently took up the profes- 
sion of land surveying, and at the age of twenty 
years came to Wapello county, Iowa, where he 
studied law with Judge Burton and H. B. Hen- 
dershott. He was admitted to the bar in June, 
1862, and soon after purchased a share in the 
Democratic weekly paper called the Mercury, 
which was shortly changed, in 1865, to a daily 
and weekly, published by Samuel H. Burton 
and S. B. Evans. During those stirring times 
in this Republican State it required great cour- 
age to advocate the principles of the Douglas 
platform, but, having the courage of his con- 
victions, he accomplished great good for his 
party. He conducted this paper until 1869, 
and then taught school during the winter 
months and engaged in surveying throughout 
the summer. He later embarked in the gro- 
cery business, but his faith in mankind was too 
great. He gave credit for goods, and as pay- 
ment was not forthcoming, he was obliged to 
relinquish the business, a poorer but much 
wiser man. He then opened an office as 
county surveyor and civil engineer in 1873, 
and was elected city engineer and county sur- 
veyor a number of years until 1893. 

In 1886 he turned his attention to agricul- 
tural pursuits, moving upon his present farm 
and attended to his office in the city as civil 
engineer, which business he now follows when 
not detained by his farm work. This farm 
was almost wholly unimproved, there being 
only a log house upon it when he purchased it, 
in 1868. He lived in this log house during 

1870 and 1 87 1, and then lived in his city home, 
00 Elm street, until 1886, when he erected his 
present commodious home on the farm. He 
has been successfully engaged in gardening 
and fruit-raising, and has his farm under a. 
high state of cultivation. 

Mr. Burton was united in marriage, in 
1 86 1, with Julia Day, and they were parents of 
four children: Mabel, born November 11, 
1863; Grace, born July 22, 1865; Mary D., 
born December 18, 1869; and Edward B., born 
in 1871. Mrs. Burton died in 1875, and he 
formed a second marital union in 1885 with, 
i-'hoda E. Garbry, by whom lie has two sons. 
Frank H., born March 30, i885; and Claude 
Cleveland, born July 11, 1888. He is liberal 
in his religious views and believes in the 
Golden Rule more than in creeds. 

SORGE W ICITTERM.'vN, a well-to- 
do farmer residing in section ^20, 
township 72, range 13, is a veteran 
of the Civil W^ar, in \A-hich he served 
with bra\'ery, bearing a record of which his 
family may justly feel proud. He was born 
November 5, 1843, and is now the oldest lix-ing 
white person born in AA'apello countv, Iowa. 
His family came from Virginia, and one of 
its most prominent characteristics is longevity, 
his maternal grandfather having lived to reach 
the wonderful age of one hundred and four 
years. Elias Kitterman, father of George W., 
held a commission as ensign in the 12th Regi- 
ment, granted in April, 1829, and signed by 



James Morrison, secretary, and Governor 
James R. Ray. This commission is still a val- 
ued possession of the family. 

George .W- Kitterman lived in \\^apello 
county during his early boyhood, and attended 
the public schools. He took up the trade of 
an engineer, but in January, 1863, enlisted 
in Company H, 36th Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf., as 
a private. He went with his regiment to Lit- 
tle Rock, where he was in the thickest of the 
fight, and then remained there after the battle, 
and did garrison duty until the spring of 1864. 
He went on the Red River expedition, and was 
captured at Mark's Mills. Mr. Kitterman 
next went with his regiment to Camden, Ar- 
kansas, where they were victorious, and thence 
to Duvall's Bluff, about eight miles south of 
the Saline River, where they encountered four 
regiments of cavalry and were literally cut to 
pieces. Only two men in Company H made 
their escape, the remainder being killed, 
wounded or captured! There remained but 
260 men in the regiment, and, with Battery K, 
2d Artillery, they stood their ground. Battery 
K had every horse killed, and every man was 
killed or wounded. Mr. Kitterman was 
wounded in the right shoulder, was carried to 
the Confederate field hospital, and remained 
there until paroled about six weeks later. The 
report reached home that he had been killed, 
and his parents had prepared a funeral service 
at home. Mr. Kitterman had been exchanged 
and got a furlough to come home, a day or two 
only, before the services were to be held. He 
arrived home about twelve o'clock one dark 
night, rapped on the door, and was admitted 

by his mother. So certain was she that her 
boy had been killed that she was greatly over- 
come, believing she was laboring under a de- 
lusion. With difficulty she was convinced that 
it was her son, in the flesh, and great was the 
rejoicing. He remained at home about thirty 
days, and then went to Keokuk and waited to 
be exchanged. Getting impatient for active 
service, he got transportation and joined his 
regiment at Little Rock, taking the chance of 
again being captured. He was put on de- 
tached duty, going to Brownsville, Duvall's 
Bluff, St. Charles and, finally, to the mouth of 
the White River, where all remained during 
the winter of 1864- 1865. He became commis- 
sary clerk there and remained as such until all 
were mustered out at Brownsville, finally re- 
ceiving his discharge at Davenport, Iowa, in 
September, 1865. He returned home and 
lived with his parents about one year, when he 
was united in marriage with Barbara L. King. 
He has since lived in Wapello county, and at 
the present time is an engineer in the employ 
of H. B. Ostdick. He owns five acres of land, 
on which he built a fine home, and has devoted 
his land to fruit-raising with much success. 

j\lrs. Kitterman is a daughter of Enos and 
Barbara (AA^ymen) King. Her father was 
born in Pennsylvania, of German parents, and 
came to this county in 1846, being a local 
preacher. He died at the age of seventy-seven 
years. Mr. Kitterman and his wife had nine 
children : Rowena Parker, born in June, 1867 ; 
Clara, who was born June 19, 1869, and died 
July 13, 1871 ; AV'illiam C, born September 10, 
1872; Lihian L., born September 22, 1876; 




Sarah Jane (Parker), born July 23, 1878; 
Hattie E., born August ly , 1880; Lydia, born 
September 11, 1882; Edna, born April 14, 
1886; and Norris AA'., who was born January 
26, 1888, and died October 14, 1889. Lillian 
L., a graduate of the high school, is a teacher 
.at the Lincoln school, of Ottumwa, and has a 
State certificate. L}-dia, also a graduate of 
the high school, of Ottumwa, is a teacher in 
the district school of her neighborhood. !\Ir. 
Kitterman takes an intelligent interest in all 
matters of public importance; and is a highly 
respected member of his community. In poli- 
tics Mr. Kittennan is a Republican. Relig- 
iously, a member O'f the First Baptist church, of 

LBERT G. HARROW, secretary of 

the Ottumwa Iron Works, whose 

portrait accompanies this sketch, 

was born in Ottumwa in 1852. He 

is a son of Francis Isl. Harrow, and grandsirn 

of Charles F. Harrow. 

Charles F Harrow was an early pioneer 
of Wapello county. He wa.s born in Bracken 
county, Kentucky, in September, 1800. He, 
grew to manhood in his native state and was 
married in Fleming -county, .Kentucky, to 
Gracie Frame, in 1821. They located in 
^Montgomery county, Kentucky, and remained 
there for tweh-e years, then moved to noth- 
ern Indiana where they lived ten years. Con- 
cluding to move beyond the Mississippi, in 
1843, they settled in Wapello county, Iowa; 
a tract of land was purchased in the immediate 

N'icinity of the site of the present city of Ot- 
tumwa, and the Ottumwa High School on 
West Fourth street is situated on a part of the 
original Harrow farm. Charles F. Harrow 
was one of the original commissioners of Wa- 
pello county, being elected to that office May 
I, 1844. 

Francis AI. Flarrow, son of Charles F. and 
father of the subject of this sketch, ^vas born 
in Kentucky in 1826. He came to Wapello 
county, Iowa, with his parents in 1843, and 
was married in Ottumwa, February 18, 1852, 
to Harriet F. , tlumphreys. Three children 
resulted from this union, two of whom are 
now living: Albert G. ; and Frances !M., wife 
of F. .F. Hanger, of Little Rock, Arkansas. 
;Mr. Harrow died October 31, 1855, and his 
widow died on February 2, 1864. 

\lhert G. Harrow recei\-ed his primary 
education in his native t(.iwn, took academic 
w(jrk at the Iowa State Agricultural College 
at Ames, Iowa, and a business course in Bry- 
ant & Stratton's Business College at Chicago, 
Illinois. He was one of the promoters of the 
Johnston Ruffler Company, which was or- 
ganized in 1 87 1, and has been identified with 
the business of that firm throughout its manu- 
I facturing period. The Ottumwa Iron W^orks 
\\as pr(jmoted 1)y the same men who so suc- 
j cessfully carried on the affairs of the Johnston 
Ruffler Compan}', and Mr. Harrow has been 
secretary of the company since its organiza- 
tion. Fie was one of the original stockholders 
of the Ottumwa National Bank and has been 
a director in that institution since 1887. He 
helped organize the Ottumwa Savings Bank 



in 1888, and has been one of its directors since 
1895; 1''^ was interested in the estabhshing of 
the Wapello County Savings Bank, and has 
served as director in the same since its incep- 
tion. He is a stockholder in the Batavia Sav- 
ings Bank, the Blakesburg Savings Bank, and 
in both of the banks at Hedrick, Iowa. He is 
also a stockholder and secretary and treasurer 
of the Courier Printing Company of Ottum\\-a, 
and stockholder in the Davenport Times, of 
Davenport, Iowa. He has done his share as 
a public-spirited citizen, assisted in establish- 
ing the city water works, and was one of the 
20 men who brought to Ottumwa the Dain 
Manufacturing Company, in which he is now 
a stockholder. He was also a supporter of 
the Janney Manufacturing Company, in the 
sale of their lots in the East End of the city. 
;\Ir. Harrow was united in marriage in 
1877 with Mary C. Carpenter of Ottumwa, 
daughter of Col. S. D. and Sarah A. Car- 
penter. They ha\'e reared one daughter, Mary 
Grace, who is a graduate of Kenwood Insti- 
tute, Chicago, Illinois. He is a member of 
the Wapello Club, and was president of that 
organization in 1900 and 1901. 

man w ho served with bravery in the 
Union army during the Ci\'il War, 
is a prominent farmer of Center 
township, Wapello county, Iowa, residing on, 
section 20, township yi, range 13. 

I\Ir. Coleman was born in Scotland, in 

1833, ''•"d with his parents embarked for thi.'i 
country in 1837, but his parents died while at 
sea. He landed in Philadelphia, where he was 
taken to be raised by a Quaker family named 
Jones. He was reared on a farm near Phila- 
delphia until he was twenty-three years old, and 
then came west to Illinois, and located in Ma- 
son county, \\here he worked upon a farm un- 
til the outbreak of the Civil Wnx. He en- 
listed from Illinois in Company F, 8th Reg., 
111. Vol. Inf., and remained in winter quarters 
and did picket duty and drilled until the early 
spring of 1863. The regiment then went to 
Fort Henry, on the Tennessee River, thence to 
Fort Donelson, on the Cumberland River, 
which the Union soldiers took, after which the 
regiment went to Corinth, where they had two 
days of hard fighting. At Fort Donelson 11 
of Mr. Coleman's company were killed and 22 
wounded. They retired from the fight, re- 
formed the company and regiment, and then 
advanced, took the position and held it. They 
next moved to Cofifeeville, Mississippi, scat- 
tering the Confederates, and engaged in fre- 
quent skirmishes, after which they returned to 
Memphis and went in camp for two months. 
They next went on the Mississippi River to 
Vicksburg, and held a position on the extreme 
right of the Union lines during the siege of 
that city. They then campaigned around 
Jackson, Mississippi, and carried the positions 
of the Confederates, as they came to them. 
They fought General Pemberton's forces and 
drove them into Vicksburg, where they held 
them until the surrender. Mr. Coleman ac- 
companied General Sherman's army to Ala- 



bama, tearing up railroads and devastating the 
country as they went along, after which he re- 
turned with his regiment to Vicksburg and, 
there remained until spring. They next 
moved tO' Mobile, Alabama, thence to New Or- 
leans and Dauphin Island. They took Fort 
Morgan, remained there for three weeks, and 
then took Spanish Fort, on Mobile Bay, and 
afterward Fort Blakeley. Mr. Coleman was 
wounded in the shoulder in the charge on 
Blakeley Island, and was incapacitated for 
further duty. For bravery shown at Fort 
Donelson he was breveted and made color ser- 
geant, and also mentioned for meritorious con- 
duct at Corinth and Vicksburg, and commis- 
sioned as captain. One of his comrades, James 
Height, who enlisted at the same time, also re- 
ceived the same recognition, and was commis- 
sioned captain for bravery. During his serv- 
ice he was never sick a minute, and was always 
on duty until discharged and mustered out, in 
July, 1865. He was granted a pension of $20 
per month, which he still receives. Mr. Cole- 
riian then returned to his home in Illinois, and 
again engaged in agricultural pursuits. He 
moved to Wapello county, Iowa, and in 1889 
purchased his present farm in Center town- 
ship, of Catherine Keezel, whose father re- 
ceived the patent from the government. He 
built a model farm-house and barns and made, 
other improvements. He has planted the 
farm to berries and has one of the finest berry 
farms in the county, — doing this branch of 
work as much for pleasure as a matter of 

Mr. Coleman was united in marriage with 

Mary Alderdice in 1868, and to them were born 
six boys and two girls, of whom one daughter 
died at the age of four years. Politically he 
has always been a stanch Republican. In re- 
ligious views he is a Presbyterian. He has 
made his home in Wapello county since 1869, 
and has many accjuaintances of long years' 
standing throughout this section of the state. 

/vRK MANN, who is successfully 
engaged in agricultural pursuits 
in section 21, township "ji, range 
13, A\'apello county, Iowa, is a 
veteran of the Ci^•il War, and bears an honor- 
able record for service. 

Mr. Mann was born in England, Novem- 
ber 6, 1827, and came to America in 1849, ^''st 
■settling in Pennsylvania. In 1854 he came 
west to Des Moines county, Iowa, where he 
remained eight months, then spent four years 
in Henry county, Iowa, when he came tO' AA'a- 
pello county, Iowa, before the advent of the 
railroad in this section. Here he worked in- 
dustriously until 1862, when he enlisted in 
Company I, 17th Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf. His 
regiment went to Benton Bar, thence to Pitts- 
burg Landing, where a severe battle was 
fought, his regiment being used as a reinforce- 
ment. They went to Shiloh, and then to Cor- 
inth, being in an almost continual fight around 
that place. They fought the army of General 
Price, at luka and Corinth, and then went to 
Holly Springs, Mississippi, in pursuit of the 
Confederates. Finally the regiment was given 



a rest in guarding a railroad for about six 
weeks. Then it was sent to Memphis, Helena, 
the Yazoo River, ■Milliken's Bend and down 
through Louisana to Grand Gulf. They then 
participated in the engagement at Champion 
hills and in the siege of Vicksburg, — their divis- 
ion and General Logan's having the honor of 
taking the city when General Pemberton sur- 
rendered. After remaining there for two 
months they went to Helena, Memphis and 
Chattanooga, having marched over 400 miles 
through the enemy's country. They next took 
part in the engagement at Missionary Ridge, 
after which they wintered in Alabama. There 
Mr. Mann re-enlisted in the service, and was 
put on provost duty. He was subsecjuently 
in the battle of Resaca, after which they went 
to Tilden, Georgia, and for eight hours held 
the entire army of General Hood at bay, but 
the Union force was finally surrounded, cap- 
tured and sent south, where for many weeks 
they were nearly starved in prison. The Con- 
fedsrate authorities ha^•e been greatly censured 
by man_\- for the ill-treatment of prisoners, but 
Mr. ^lann's A^iew is that there were extenu- 
ating circumstances, the Southern soldiers hav- 
ing barely enough to keep themselves from 
starving. After confinement in the South for 
six months he was paroled, and was mustered 
out in June, 1865. ITe now receives a pen- 
sion of $24 per month. 

Upon the close of the war he moved to the 
vicinit)' of .'\genc}', AA^apello count)', and in 
August following moved to the neighborhood 
of Ottumwa. His farm is under a high state 
of cultivation, and planted largely to grapes 

and small fruit. In politics he is a strong 
Democrat. Religiously he is inclined tO' be 

In 1852 Mr. Mann married Susanah 
Dwire, of Somerset county, Pennsylvania, by 
whom he had seven children, viz : Ebenezer, 
deceased; Rebecca (Cool); Isaac; James, de- 
ceased; Edward, deceased; Agnes; and ;\Iary. 

HOMAS TRAUL, who is located on' 
section t^z, township 72, range 13, 
Center township, Wapello county, 
Iowa, purchased this farm of 43 
acres of his father's estate twenty years ago, 
and has since been one of the representative 
farmers of the township. He was born in 
Holmes county, Ohio, in 1833, and is a son 
of Daniel Traul. 

Daniel Traul was born in Pennsylvania, 
of German parentage, and moved to Ohio at 
an early day, there learning the trade of a 
wheelwright. In 1840 he moved west to Yzn 
Buren county, Iowa, and three years later to 
Wapello county, Lnva, where in 185 1 he en- 
tered the land now occupied by his son. It 
was then bottom land along the Des Aloines 
River, and for many years was nothing more 
than grass land. But as the country became 
settled, the bed of the Des Moines River 
changed and the land became as fertile and 
productive as any in the county. As the river 
overflows its banks each spring, it keeps the 
land in excellent condition, its fertilit)- being 
evidenced by the fact that in 190 1 an average 





of 34 bushels of winter wheat to the acre was 
harvested. Mr. Traul spent the decHning 
years of his hfe in Ottumwa, where he died 
in 1884, at the age of seventy-seven years. 

Thomas Traul was seven years of age when 
he came with his parents from Ohio to Van 
Buren county, Iowa. His educational ad- 
vantages were very limited, but he was pos- 
sessed of good natural abilit)-. At an early 
age he was engaged in the winter in hauling 
logs that had been floated down the Des Moines 
River in the spring, the logs being floated 
down \A-hat is now the main street of Ottumwa. 
In 1854 he drove four yoke of oxen across the 
great western plains for Charles Dudley, and 
tipon arriving in the West engaged in freight- 
ing. After a time he went to the mines and 
worked until 1859, when he made the return 
trip across the plains. The wagon train met 
with many trying experiences and narrowly 
escaped disaster at the hands of the Indians. 
The Omahas and Pawnees engaged in deadly 
tattle with the Sioux, Snakes, Crows and 
Shawnees, having met them when intending 
to attack the whites. Owing to the disagree- 
ment which brought about the fight, the party 
of which Mr. Traul was a member was saved. 
A ^'ery curious incident of this trip was the 
manner in which they were supplied with fresh 
butter. They took several cows with them, 
and the night milk was used, but the morning 
milk was placed in a vessel and attached to a 
wagon, the jar of the wagon churning the 
butter. Mr. Traul has a nugget of gold which 
lie found in the mines; it is worth $31, and is 
now being used by his wife as a breastpin. He 

also' found a piece of cjuartz in the same way, 
worth $1,000, and this he also brought home 
with him. Since returning he has been en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits, and for the past 
twenty years has been located on his present 
farm. He is a good business manager, and 
has laid by a handsome competency. 

Mr. Traul has been married three times, 
and had 10 children Ijy his first wife, of whom 
two are living, Sarah (Brown) and John. To 
the third wife one child was born, I\-ory G. 
Mr. Traul is inclined to be liberal in his re- 
ligious views. 

B. :\iO\\'REY, one of Ottumwa's 
most substantial citizens, whose por- 
trait is herewith shmvn, is president 
of the Ottumwa National Bank, and 
of the Wapello County Savings Bank. Both 
are in a prosperous condition, as a result of 
their excellent management, and are among the 
most stable institutions of this section of the 
state. Mr. ^Mowre's- was born in Knox county, 
Illinois, in 1841, and is a son of John and 
Eleanor (Burnett) I\Iowrey. 

John JMowrey was born in Richland county, 
Ohio, and at an early age moved to Knox coun- 
ts', Illinois, where he died in early manhood. 
His union with Eleanor Burtnett was blessed 
by the birth of seven children, three of whom 
are now living. 

J. B. JMowrey obtained his education in 
KnOiX county, Illinois, and started in life for 
himself jjy carrying on farming on the old 



homestead, from 1869 to 1871. He then moved 
to Martinsburg, Iowa, and was engaged in 
stock-buying for sixteen years. In 1877, when 
the John Morreh & Company, Ltd., packing 
house was estabhshed here, he located in Ot- 
tumwa. He was the buyer for that company 
until 1888, and in 1889 was engaged in the 
hardware business. In 1890, he was elected 
president of the Ottumwa National Bank, and 
has been at the head of that institution since 
that time. When the Wapello- County Savings 
Bank was .organized, in 1897, he was made its 
president, and fills that office at the present 
time. He is a Republican, in politics, and was 
a, member oif the county board of supervisors 
from 1887 to 1 89 1. In 1869 he was joined in 
the bonds of matrimony with Adeline Plum- 

The OttuniAva National Bank was organ- 
ized in 1882, ha\ing been promoted, by Hon. 
J. G. Hutchison, Captain C. P. Brown, Thomas 
D. Foster, J. T. Hackworth, Albert G. Harrow, 
Daniel ZoJlers, J. C. Jordan, J. C. Osgocd, C. 
O. Taylor, and J. Loomis. Its capital stock was 
$100,000. Hon. J. G. Flutchison served in the 
capacity of president until January i, 1890, 
when J. B. Mowrey was elected his successor. 
Captain C. P. Brown was its first cashier, and 
he was succeeded, in turn, by A. H. Bayson, M. 
B. Hutchison, C. E. Bond, and L. E. Stevens. 
The bank has never missed paying a dividend 
and has a surplus and undi\'ided profit account 
of $52,779.52. The following comparative 
statement of the reports to the comptroller of 
the currency about May i, of the }'ears named, 
shows the wonderful growth of this institution. 

Year. Deposits. 

1880 $i2:!,.yn.27 

1891 :i41,:]()7.49 

1890 21.-),.388.8:i 

1901 .VCi, 788.07 






Total Assets. 





The present directors of the bank are J. T. 
Hackwoirth, Albert G. Harrow, Thomas D. 
Foster, D. A. La Force, W. B. Searle, E. John- 
son, Joseph Harmon, John B. Dennis and J. B.. 


IRAM T. BAKER, one of the lead- 
ing agriculturists of Center township, 
\^'apello county, Iowa, is located on 
section 31, township 72, range 13, 
where he owns a tract of 50 acres which has 
been in the family since 1862. He was born in 
\\'arrick county, Indiana, November 24, 1841, 
and is a son of J. G. Baker, and grandson of 
John Baker. 

John Baker was of Scotch-Irish descent, 
and came to this country just previous to the 
Re\'olutionary \A'ar, in which he took sides 
with the colonists. He was but sixteen years 
of age and, o\'\ing to his recent arrival, was 
dressed as an English boy by the general and 
sent out to get valuable information. These 
excursions oi his were always attended 
by great danger, and he met with many 
thrilling experiences. Upon one occasion he 
and eight other scouts, all well mounted, were 
sent out to get information from within the 
English lines. Catching sight of a "Red 
Coat," they proposed his capture, and, suiting 
the action to the word, they spurred their 
horses and were led into an ambush of 40 men. 



The. only alternate to hopeless fighting was to 
surrender, and this they would not do. Every 
brave man of the party was killed but Mr. 
Baker and one noble comrade. The latter was 
mounted on a thoroughbred horse and after 
passing the enemy's line could easily have dis- 
tanced them, but the former, being on a slower 
horse, proposed to get off and trust to his feet 
for escape. The gallant com^rade objected to. 
this and instructed Mr. Baker to ride to the 
left, and he would draw the fire to himself 
until the latter could escape, and would then 
trust to the fleetness of his horse for his own 
escape. This ruse was successful and • the}- 
both returned to headcjuarters. This is but 
one instance of the great dangers he encoun- 
tered and the valuable work in which he was 
engaged. The only relic the family now pcs- 
esses of this gallant old soldier is the old chair 
in which he sat during the late years of his 
life while relating his interesting experiences. 
J. G. Baker was born in Warrick count}-, 
Indiana, and came to Wapello county, Iowa, 
in October, 1844. He located just north of 
the cemetery, and awaited the opening of the 
land rranted by the government. He then 
entered a piece of land seven miles from Ot- 
tumwa and remained there until 1856, when he 
removed to Ottumwa because of the educa- 
tional advantages that city would afford his 
children. In 1862 he purchased the home 
farm in section 31, township ji, range 13, 
Center township, but lived in Ottumwa until 
his death, which occurred at the age of seventy- 
three years. 

Hiram T. Baker was but three years of age 
when his father came t(j Iowa, and here he was 
reared and schooled. After attending the pub- 
lic schools for a time he entered a select school 
and attended it for five years. He then be- 
came identified with his father in the hotel 
business in Ottumwa, and in 1862 located on 
the farm, to which he succeeded as owner. The 
place was at that time wholly unimproved, hav- 
ing onl}- a log house upon it, which was re- 
placed l)y a good frame house, 24 1)\- 34 feet, 
in 1869. A good barn, a granary and other 
buildings necessar}- to successful farming were 
erected, and it is now one of the Ijest imprcn-ed 
farms in its section of the countv. He also 
built another house on the farm for a son, but 
new resides in it himself. He engages in 
general farming and stock-raising, with great 
success, his preference being for Shorthorn 

i cattle. 

i Mr. Baker was united in marriage with 

Harriet A. Hull, and they had four children: 
J. G., who was born in 1869, and died of quick 
consumption at the age of eig'hteen years ; 
Jesse B., a farmer, aged thirty years, who is 
also a painter and paper hanger : Rhoda, who is 
twenty-six years old; and Hiram L., an elec- 
trician, working for John Morrell & Com- 
pany, Limited, who is twenty-two vears of age. 
Mr. Baker was a member of the M. E. church 
for twenty-eight years, and ^-erv active in 
church work, but, believing the U. B. church 
more scriptural, he joined that and became an 
active local preacher. Largely through his 
efforts the church membership has been greatly 



increased, and he has accomphshed a great 
deal of good. In pohtics he has always been 
a Democrat, but has taken no active part in 
political affairs. 

KNRY IMONTAGXE is probably the 
largest dairy and garden farmer of 
Wapello coimty, Iowa, and has an 
excellent farm of 245 acres in section 
I, township 71, range 14. He is within easy 
access of Ottumwa, to which city he makes 
clail)- trips and disposes of his milk and garden 
truck. He has led a frugal and industrious 
life, and his affairs are in a Aery prosperous 

The name Alontagne indicates French de- 
scent, but, if so, such descent goes farther back 
than he has any knowledge of. His parents 
were Germans and he was born in Oldenburg, 
Germany. Fie came t(j this country ^\•hen 
young, and worked at day labor, saving what 
he could of his earnings until he was able to 
purchase 80 acres of the farm on which he 
now lives. He first engaged in general farm- 
ing, and continued it until 1887, when he en- 
gaged in dairying and gardening on a small 
scale. His success was such as to warrant him 
in increasing his business in that line, and he 
now has about 45 head of milch cows, and de- 
votes about 40 acres to gardening. He built 
one of the largest and best arranged barns in 
AA'apello count}- and, as his business grew, en- 
larged his holdings and now has 245 acres of 
land. He has good buildings for the protec- 

tion of his stock, and his farm is a model of 
convenience in every respect. He erected a 
large tank, which is filled by a windmill, and 
the water is conveyed through pipes to his 
barn, hog-lot and chicken yard, as well as to 
his house. He is thoroughly practical in all 
that he does, and is a firm believer in modern 
methods for saving unnecessary labor. Al- 
though he is now in a position to retire from 
active work, if he chooses, the thrift of the 
German race is in him, and he works from 
early morning -until night. In 1886, wishing 
to return to^ his fatherland and visit the com- 
panions of his earl)' days, he went to Germany, 
accompanied by his wife, \\ho is also a native 
of that country, and his son. They spent a 
few weeks ver)- pleasantly, and then became 
restless to return to the farm and pleasant 
home so far awa}-. 3ilr. and Mrs. Montague 
have one son, John Louis. He is a man of 
many excellent traits of character, and has 
made friends of all with whom he has been 
brought into contact, both in business and so- 
cial relations. 

the most progressive and enter- 
prising of Ottumwa's business 
men, is cashier of the First Na- 
tional Bank of the city, and is closely identified 
\\'ith many of the enterprises which have added 
materially to the growth and wealth of the 
community. He was born in Blair county, 
Pennsylvania, in 1861, ancj is a son of Joseph 
and Mary (Scott) Hutchison. 




Joseph Hutchison was an active and suc- 
cessful business man and was engaged in the 
coal and real estate business. He was also a 
large brick manufacturer, and had extensive 
fanning interests. He was a stanch Republi- 
can in politics. He died in March, 1900, at 
the age of seventy-three years, at his winter 
home in Eustis, Florida. His widow, who 
now resides at HoUidaysburg, Pennsylvania, 
at the age of seventy years, is a native of that 
state. They reared four daughters and two 
sons, as follo'ws : Annetta R. (Wilson), of 
Shenandoah, Iowa; Mary, who is at home; 
James, of HoUidaysburg, Pennsylvania; Mat- 
tie, who is at home; Mrs. M. R. Alexander, 
of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania; and Martin 
B. Two daughters, Hester and Jennie, died 
in infancy. 

Martin B. Hutchison was practically reared 
at HoUidaysburg, Pennsylvania, and later at- 
tended college at Easton, Pennsylvania, for 
two years, taking a classical course. In 1882 
he came west and -located at Ottumwa, chiefly 
because his cousin, Capt. J. G. Hutchison, was 
located here. He first entered the Ottumwa 
National Bank, of Ottumwa, as collector, and 
the year following became assistant cashier. 
He was later advanced to the position of cash- 
ier, which he retained for about four years, 
when, in the spring of 1 891, he resigned oh ac-' 
count of ill health, and spent one year in Chi-; 
cago recuperating. In March, 1892, he re- 
turned to Ottumwa and accepted the posi- 
tion of cashier of the First National Bank, 
which he has since filled in a highly satis- 
■factory manner. He is treaSut'er atid di- 

rector of the People's Building & Loan 
Association, which he, in connection with, 
J. F. Deams, of the Chicago, Burlingtori 
& Quincy Railroad established. He is cash- 
ier of the Union Trust and Savings Bank, a 
department of the First National Bank, estab- 
lished in 1898, of which he was one of the fore- 
most promoters. He is treasurer of the local li- 
brary association, and a trustee of the First 
Presbyterian church, of Ottumwa. He has al- 
ways been active in promoting the best inter- 
ests of the city, and stands hig'h in the esteem 
of his fellow citizens. 

Mr. Hutchison was united in marriage in 
1888, with Inez Jordan, a daughter of W. A. . 
Jordan, deceased, who was the head of the 
firm of W. A. Jordan & Sons, dry goods .and 
clothing merchants, of Ottum-\ la. This busi- 
ness was established as early as 1867 or 1868, 
and is now conducted by the two sons, J. C. 
and J. W. Jordan. Mr. Hutchison and his 
wife have two children : Margaret E., born 
June 10, 1889; and Mary Elizabeth, born Feb- 
ruary 20, 1897. The subject of this sketch 
owns a comfortable home in the city, situated 
at No. 320 Washington street. He is a Re- 
publican in politics and fraternally is a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Pythias and' the Ma- 
sonic fraternity. 


ON. H. L. WATERMAN, a distin- 
guished citizen of Ottumwa, Iowa, 
whose portrait is herewith shown, 
was born in Croydon, New Hamp- 
shire, November 19, 1840. His parents were 



Lyman and Lucy (Carroll) Waterman, who 
were natives of Vermont and New Hamp- 
shire, respectively. His father died in 1846, 
and his mother in i860. 

H. L. Waterman's life was spent on the 
farm, in Vermont and New Hampshire, nntil 
he was seventeen years of ^.g-e, when he went 
to California and remained there for three 
years. He was first on a farm and then taught 
school for two years. He re'".eived his early 
mental training in the common schools, and 
for two years was a student in the Lawrence 
Scientific School of Harvard University, where 
he became proficient as a civil engineer. He 
served one year as a private and non-com- 
missioned officer in the 47th Reg., Mass. Vol. 
Inf., and one year as a lieutenant in the ist 
Reg., N. Y. Vol. Engineers. After the war 
he came to. Iowa, in September, 1865, and be- 
gan work as a civil engineer in the construc- 
tion of the Burlington & Missouri River 
Railroad, from Ottumwa westward, and was 
engaged thereon until the completion of the 
road to the Missouri River, in 1869. He came 
to Ottumwa in January, 1870, and served as 
city engineer one year. In 1871 he was in 
charge of the construction of a road from Han- 
nibal to St. Louis, and in 1872 had charge of 
the construction of what is now the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway, between Ot- 
tumwa and Sigourney. From 1873 to 1878 
he was engaged in business in Ottumwa, and 
in 1879 as city engineer. He served as mayor 
of Ottumwa from 1880 to 1884, and from 
the latter date to the present time has been 

general manager of the Wapello Coal Com- 
pany, as well as its vice-president. 

Mr. Waterman was united in marriage tO 
his present wife, Alice Hill, a native of Ot- 
tumwa, in 1879. By ^ former union with 
Georgia Hammond, who died in 1870, he has 
a son, Philip H., who is now superintendent 
of the Wapello Coal Company. Mr. Water- 
man is not formally connected with any church, 
but attends the First Methodist Episcopal 
church of Ottumwa. He is a Mason and 
a member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public. In politics he is a Republican. 
He was twice elected an alderman, and 
four times mayor of the city of Ot- 
tumwa. He was elected to the state sen- 
ate in 1893, and served in the 25th and 26th 
general assemblies, and in the special session 
that revised the code in 1897. Mr. Waterman 
was a member of some of the principal com- 
mittees in the senate, and was influential in 
securing the passage of several important 
measures. He is a clear and forcible speaker, 
and was one of the most prominent members 
of the upper house. 

W. ENOCH, formerly a county at- 
torney of Wapello county, Iowa, is 
one of the leading members of the 
bar of this county. He was bom 

at Rising Sun, Indiana, and is a son of B. 

M. and Caroline (Bohnell) Enoch. 

B. M. Enoch was a native of Ohio; and 



became a boot and shoe merchant ; at one time 
he was a pilot on the i"i\'er. He and his wife 
were the parents of three children, — two 
daughters and a son. , One daughter died at 
the age of six or seven years, and the other 
came west, married a son of Major McKee, 
of Clark county, Missouri, and is now also 

A. W. Enoch lived in his nati\'e countv un- 
til he was thirteen years of age, when he ac- 
companied his family to Illinois, and later to 
Iowa. They located at Carthage, Illinois, 
where he attended school, and at the age of six- 
teen years he decided to prepare himself for 
the legal profession. He was admitted to the 
bar in Illinois before the supreme court of 
that state when but twenty-one years of age. 
He practiced alone at Carthage for one year, 
and then removed to Afton, Iowa, where he 
practiced for several years, forming a partner- 
ship with .Vttnrney P C. AA'inter. He came 
to Ottumwa in 1891, and has since had a suc- 
cessful business here. Mr. Enoch served as 
county attorney of Wapello county for two 
terms of two years each, having been elected 
to that office in 1896. He has occupied his 
present excellent suite of offices in the Baker 
Block for some years past. 

Mr. Enoch was united in marriage with 
Emma Bagg, a daughter of Ralph Bagg, and 
a relative of Judge Sylvester Bagg, of the 
Iowa bar. This union is blessed with two 
children: Albert B. and Clara B., both of 
whom are attending school. Politically the 
subject of this sketch is a Republican. His 
father was an old soldier, and served as a 

pilot in the navy department on the lower Mis- 
sissippi, and as commander of guns. He died 
at Kahoka, ^lissouri, in 1897. Fraternally 
Mr. Enoch was made a Masmi at Afton, and is 
now a Knight Templar at Ottumwa. In re- 
ligious views he is a Presbyterian. 

ENJAMIX P. BROW'X, cashier of the 
Ottumwa Savings Bank, at Ottum- 
\A'a, Iowa, is one <if the well known 
^'< ung business men of AA'apello 
countv. He is a native of McCu'egor. Iowa, 
was born in 1869, and is a son of Capt. Charles 
P. Brown, and a nephew of W'. C. Brown, 
vice-president of the Lake Shore & Michigan 
Southern Railwa)-. 

Captain Brown was born in Herkimer 
county, New York, October 30. 1840, and is 
now a resident of Ottumwa, where he is very 
well known. He has a daughter, Louise, who 
graduated from the Ottumwa High School 
\\ith the class of 1901. Captain Brown re- 
moved to Ottumwa in 187 1, where he was 
employed in the government revenue service 
and was associated with General Hedrick, an 
old Wapello county resident, imtil i88r. In 
1882, when the Ottumwa National Bank \\'as 
organized, Mr. Brown was its cashier, and 
in 1888 he organized the Ottumwa Savings 
Bank, of which he was president until July, 
1895. Mr. Brown is a well known veteran of 
the Civil War. 

Ben P. Brown, subject of this sketch, was 
a year and a half old when his father located 

42 2 


at Ottumwa. He attended the public schools 
of that town, and his first work was with the 
Harper, Chambers & Company hardware store, 
where he was emplo}'ed two and one-half 
years. Li the fall of 1888 he entered the Ot- 
tumwa Savings Bank as assistant bookkeeper 
and collector, and was later promoted to the 
position of assistant cashier. He was made 
cashier in July, 1895, and has since filled it 
in an able and conscientious manner. He was 
treasurer of the independent school district of 
Ottumwa for two terms. 

Mr. Brown was married in May, 1895, to 
Laura Ivendall, a daughter of Samuel Iven- 
dall, an early resident of Ottumwa. The_\- 
ha\e one daughter, Frances. :\Ir. and Mrs. 
Brow n have a \'ery comfortable home on AA'est 
Fifth street. Fraternally he is a member of 
the Sons of Veterans. Religiously his wife is 
a member of the Congregational church. Mr. 
and Airs. Brown are well known in Ottumwa, 
where they are held in high esteem by all. 

born near Little Falls, Herkimer 
county, Xew York, October 30, 
1840, the son of Rev. Charles E. 
and Frances (Lyon) Brown. 

Llis father was a Baptist minister, a gradu- 
ate of ^Madison Universit)-, who came to low a 
in May, 1842, as a missionary b)- appointment 
from the American Baptist Flome Mission 
Society, locating first at Maquoketa, Jackson 
cO'Unty, and the following fall at Davenport. 

After nine years of arduous and successful labor 
in his calling, failing health obliged him to re- 
turn to Xew York in May, 1851, where he 
spent six years in central and western coun- 
ties, returning to Iowa in Jul}-, 1857, to make 
a home in Howard county. 

Captain Brown's mother, a noble Chris-' 
tian woman, and a devoted, loving wife and 
mother, was a daughter of Dr. Benjamin 
Lynn, (jf Herkimer county, X'ew York, whose 
wife, Airs. Brown's mother, was Margaret 
Duncan, daughter of Richard Duncan, a prom- 
inent Scotchman, who' left his native land 
on account of political disturbances and set- 
tled near Schenectady, X^ew York, at an early 

The subject of this sketch was educated in 
the common schools of X'ew York and Iowa, 
and was a teacher in country district schools 
in northern Iowa during the winter terms of 
1859, i860 and 1 86 1. He was the first volun- 
teer from Howard C(junty for the Civil War, 
enlisting about April 20, 1861, in the Decorah 
Guards, a Winneshiek county company, which 
was mustered into the service of the United 
States as Company D, 3rd Reg., Iowa Vol. 
Inf., at Keokuk, Iowa. The ist, 2nd, and 3rd 
regiments (jf Iowa infantry were organized at 
Keokuk about the same time, all being there 
together before any left for the field. 

At the organization of his company Mr. 
Brow-n was elected third corporal, and in 
March, 1862, was promoted to be second ser- 
geant. Was made first lieutenant of artillei'y in 
May, 1863, and in September, 1864, was ap- 
pointed captain and assistant adjutant general 



of volunteers by President Lincoln, holding 
that position until discharged in December, 

1865. He served continuously from April 20, 
1 86 1, until December 31, 1865, when he was 
honorably discharged by the War Department 
order, for the reason that his services were no 
longer rec[uired. He was on staff duty about 
three years as regimental and brigade quar- 
termaster, aide and assistant adjutant general, 
ser\-ing more than a year with Maj. Gen. 
Stephen A. Hurlbut, who cO'mmanded the 
Fourth Di\'ision, Army of the Tennessee, at 
Pittsburg Landing, and later the Sixteenth 
Army Corps and the Department of the Gulf. 
He was in every battle and campaign in which 
his command was engaged. 

After leaving the army Captain Brown re- 
turned to his home in Vernon Springs, Ho\a- 
ard county, Iowa, and was married August 30, 

1866, to x-Vdeline Fall, daughter of Rev. George 
\\^ Fall, of Howard county. He came to Ot- 
tumwa, March i, 1871, as clerk in the office of 
Gen. John M. Hedrick, supervisor of United 
States internal revenue for a district compris- 
ing eight northwestern states and territories. 
He was soon after appointed United States 
internal re\'enue agent on the recommenda- 
tion of General Hedrick, and served in that 
capacity until October, 1881, resigning on ac- 
count of failing health. The Ottumwa Na- 
tional Bank was then organizing and Captain 
Brown was offered and accepted the position 
of cashier. In August, 1883, he left the bank 
to become auditor of the coal mining, railroad 
and supply companies owned and operated by 
J. C. Osgood. This work proving too ardu- 

ous, \\as given up in July, 1884, and for three 
years he was out of business. In the fall of 
1887 Mr. Brown organized the Ottumwa Sav- 
mgs Bank, and was its president until August, 
1895, when the condition of his health obliged 
him to gi\'e up all business for a time. 

Mr. and Mrs. Brow