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Cornell University Library 

BX5919.Y81 S14 

History of St. John's Episcopal Church. 


3 1924 029 457 920 

Cornell University 

The original of tiiis book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

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the United States on the use of the text. 

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Table of Contents. 

The Chuech in England and America . . Introduction 

The Beginning at Boaedman . . . . . .11 

St. John's Paeish, Youngstown ..... 20 

Gifts and Memokials . . . . . . .45 

Baptisms, Maeeiages, Etc. ...... 48 

Letter of Rev. C. S. Abbott . . . . . .49 

Seemon op Rev. A. L. Frazer, Eastee, 1898 ... 52 

Dedication Addeess of Bishop Leonard . . . .61 

Address of Rev. F. B. Avery ..... 74 

Addeess of Rev. R. R. Claiborne . . . . .81 

Biographical Sketches ...... 84 

Churc!H Directory. 


'T seemed desirable that a permanent record should he made of 
many facts pertaining to the history of the Parish, which, from 
their nature, are not among the written records; also, to present 
to the friends of St. John's Church, in a convenient form, copies 
of archives that are not accessible to the average individual. Some 
of these records are now very fragile, and may, by the further rav- 
ages of time, soon become unavailable, if not entirely destroyed. This 
little work was preparerl in accordance tuith the above, caid for the 
further purx)Oses of giving to the people a full account of their stew- 
ardship, and to make them familiar with every important event in 
the history of St. John's Parish since its organization. 

The compiler has secured, through conversations ivith older mem- 
bers, and from other sources, much valuable and interesting informa- 
tion; some facts not generally knmvn being now published for the 
first time. He has also drawn largely from information gathered by 
the late Mr. John M. Edivards, and is under obligations to the former 
Sectors of the Parish, as ivell as to the Rev. Mr. Frazer, the present 
Rector, for their kind assistance. We are now entering into a new 
epoch, under very different conditions than those that obtained at the 
organization of the Parish. We are enjoying our beautiful new Church, 
have a goodly congregation, and live in a wide-atuake city of nearly 
fifty thousand people; as compared to the early days of the Parish, 
ivhen the peo]]le iverc glad to have a neighboring clergyman come 
once in two weeks and address them in a dingy hall, in what was 
then a ver)/ insignificant country village of a few hundred inhabit- 
ants. TIV are hoping for further success, but let us not forget the 
earnest endeavors of the little handful of noble men and women who 
fissembled, nearly forty years ago, to organize the Parish. They .itood 
by it through the uncertain days of the Civil War, through financial 
jjfinics and ot/ier ail versifies, until it became fully estcdili.shed a?id a 
self-sustaining institution. We honor them for their fidelity and zeal, 
yet we know they tvoiild say in their hearts, wlien surveying the suc- 
cessful result of their labors, as U'e do in ours today: — ^^]Kon nobis 
Dominr! non nobis, sed Nomini tuo da (Jloriam !" 















A. D. 

1575 First Church services in North America. 

1607 First Thanksgiving- services August 9, by Church of England 

1799 First settlers from Connecticut to Western Reserve (were Epis- 

1807 Lay ReacUng commenced at Boardmsin. 

1809 Church organized at Boardman. 

1818 Diocese of Ohio organized at Columbus, .January 5. 

1819 Rev. Philander Chase consecrated first Bishop of Ohio. 

1832 Rev. Charles P. Mcllvaine consecrated second Bishop of Ohio. 
1859 Rev. Gregory T. Bedell consecrated third Bishop of Ohio. 

St. John's Church, Youngstown, organized, December 9. 
1861 Cornerstone of the Church on Wood street laid. May 27. 

Rev. Wyllys Hall elected first Rector, December 15. 
1863 Church consecrated by Bishop Bedell, October 21. 
1866 Rev. Samuel Maxwell entered upon his duties as Rector, May 1. 

1883 Rev. F. B. Avery entered upon his duties as Rector, April 8. 

1884 St. James' Chapel opened, February 24. 
1887 St. Mary's Chapel built. 

1889 Rev. William A. Leonard consecrated fourth Bishop of Ohio, 
October 12. 
Rev. Robert Claiborne entered upon his duties as Rector, Octo- 
ber 13. 

1892 Rev. A. L. Frazer, Jr., entered upon his duties as Rector, No- 
vember 1. 

1896 Work commenced on new Church, Wick avenue, October 21. 

1897 Cornerstone of new Church laid. May 27. Old Church decon- 


1898 First services in new Church held in basement, March 12. 
Church formally opened by Bishop Leonard, May 22. 

The Clergy Who Have Served in 
St. John's Parish. 

Temporarily in Charge — 1859 to 1861. 

Rkv. a. T. McMiibphy, Rector St. James, Boardman, Ohio. 

Rev. C. S. Abbott, Rector Christ Church, Warren, Ohio. 


Rev. WYLiiVS Hall 
Rev. Samuel Maxwell 
Rev. Frederick Burt Avkry 
Rev. Robert R. Claiborne 
Rev. Abner L. FrA/^er, Jr. 


Assistant Ministers. 

Rev. H. L. Gamble 
Rev. C. W. Hollister 
Rev. Douglass I. Hobbs 
Rev. Edwin S. Hoffman 
Rev. Henry J. Beagbn 
Rev. Herbert C. Gaylord 

To Rev. F. B. Avery 

. To Rev. F. B. Avery 

To Rev. F. B. Avery 

To Rev. F. B. Avery 

. To Rev. R. R. Claiborne 

To Rev. A. L. Frazer, Jr. 

Rev. Wyllys Hall. 

Rev. Samuel Maxwell. 

Rev. F. B. Avery. Rev. R. R. Claiborne. 

Former Rectors of St. John's Church. 


BEFORE iJi'oceedinjj' with our Parish History it is ))ut pi'oper that 
we sliould give a short slcetch of the oi'igin of our Church and 
its continuance in America. 

The origin of tlie Anglican Church is three-fold, and is so 
called in contradistinction with the Romish Church as designating 
those Churches which embrace the principles of the English Refor- 
mation. It claims the term Catholic because it is united in origin, 
doctrine and form of government with the Universal Church as it 
has existed with various differences of rites and ceremonies since 
the time of the Apostles. 

The three-fold succession of the English Church is: — First, from 
St. James, first Bishop of Jerusalem, to David of Wales; second, 
from the Church at Ephesus through St. John and Polycarp to 
Etherius of Lyons; and, third, from St. Paul and St. Peter of 
Rome through Linus to Pope Gregory. 

There was an established Church in Britahi as early as the sec- 
ond century, probably of Gallic origin; the heathen Saxons, however, 
abolished it wherever they could, so that when St. Augustine came 
in 596, Christianity had been driven into the mountainous districts 
of Wales, where were found one Archbishop and seven Bishops, the 
rest of the land being in a state of heathenism. 

St. Augustine, who derived his succession through the Ephesian 
Church, was sent by Gregory to England in 596 and worked sepa- 
rately from the British Bishops already mentioned. His successors 
continued the work up to 668. The Saxons having asked Vitalian of 
Rome to aid them in selecting an Archbishop, he selected Theo- 
dorus, a Greek of Tarsus, consecrated him, and sent him to England 
in 668, at which point the Roman succession enters into the English 
line, which traced first to Saints John and James. 

Under Theodorus the ancient British Church became united 
with that established by Augustine. Britain had become by this 

time converted entirely to Christianity, which was due as much to 
the labors of the Scottish Bishop, St. Aidan, and Chad, the Saxon 
Saint, as to the Romish Bishops in the South. 

Wliat is now known as the ANGLICAN CHURCH embraces tlie 
"Church of England," the "Protestant Episcopal Church in Ireland," 
"The Episcopal Church in Scotland," "The Church in the English 
Colonies," and "The Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States of North America." 

THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND, our mother Church, has always 
had a national character. "In mediaeval Acts of Parliament it was 
called by the same name as at present, and was never identical 
with the Church of Rome, which was usually described as the 
Court of Rome." It is Protestant, as sympathizing with the protest 
made in Germany against the errors of Rome, for which she was 
anathematised at the Council of Trent, as were all who would not 
receive the articles of the Roman Church; the separation became 
final, and the position of the two Churches to each other has since 
been extremely hostile. The descent of her Bishops is traced con- 
tinuously to the present time, as the separation from the Set' of 
Rome, caused no break in the succession. 

STATES OF NORTH AMERICA derives its succession through the 
Church of England, with which it is united in doctrine and disci- 
pline, and is in legally authorized communion. 

The first record of Church services in North America is made 
by the historian Hackluit, who relates that in Frobisher's third 
voyage, as early as 1575, they were held and the Holy Communion 
administered. It is also related that in 1587, at Roanoke, Virginia, 
Maneto, an Indian, the first convert among the natives, was bap- 
tized according to the Church ritual, by its Missionaries, and on 
the Sunday following, Virginia Dare, born in Virginia, August 18, 
1587, the first white child of English parentage born in America, 
was baptized according to the same ritual. The first Thanksgiving- 
service was held by Church of England men, Popham colonists, who 
on August 9, lfi07, landed upon an island, near the Kennebeek, and 
under the shadow of a high cross, listened to a sermon by Chap- 
lain Seymour, also, "gyving God thanks for our happy metinge and 
saffe aryval into the contry." 

The first permanent settlement in America was effected under a 
charter of 1606, at Jamestown, Virginia; the Rev. Robert Hunt 
accompanied the expedition and celebrated Holy Communion in 
May, 1607, under an awning hung between the trees. The celebrated 
Captain John Smith in his journal says: — "This was our Church 
till we built a homely thing like a barne, set upon cratchets, 
covered with rafts, sedge and earth. Wee had daily common prayer 
morning and evening, every Sunday two sermons, and every three 

— 8 — 

months the Holy Communion, till our minister died; hut our prayers 
daily, with an homily on Sunday, wee continued two or three years 
after till more preachers came." 

The arrival of a new governor at the critical period called the 
"starving time" was celebrated by a service in the Church, "which 
was neatly trimmed with the wild flowers of the country." 

In 1611 a second and more substantial Church, built of brick, was 
consecrated at Henrico, on the river just above Jamestown. In this 
Church, according' to documentary evidence, Pocahontas, the Indian 
princess, was baptised in 1613, and afterwards married to John Rolfe 
by Rev. Alexander Whittaker, who is called the Apostle of Virginia. 

The establishment of these Churches, at Jamestown, Rev. R. 
Hunt, Rector, and at Henrico, Rev. A. Whittaker, Rector, preceded, 
the first by thirteen years and the second by nine years, the land- 
ing of tlie Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock. The Protestant Episcopal 
Church, or, as otherwise designated, the Anglican Church, has been 
in continued existence in Nortli America for two hundred and 
ninety-one years, and is the oldest Protestant Church, and, we 
believe, the oldest Church within its borders. 

First American Bisliops. 

For the long period of about two hundred years, since the ser- 
vices were first held in this country, to the close of tlie Revolu- 
tionary War, the Protestant Episcopal Church had no Bishops 
residing in North America. Soon after peace had been established, 
in March, 1783, the clergy of Connecticut met in convention and 
elected Rev. Dr. Samuel Seabury, of Staten Island, N. Y., to be 
their Bishop. He sailed for England to obtain consecration there, 
before the British troops had evacuated New York. He made 
application for consecration to the Archbishop of York, the See of 
Canterbury being then vacant. But the Archbishop could not con- 
secrate a Bishop of tlie United States without a special Act of 
Parliament. Hence Rev. Dr. Seabury had recourse to the Scotcli 
Bishops who were not connected with the State, and who could, 
therefore, if they were so disposed, consecrate a Bishop for the 
United States. The application of Dr. Seabury was readily granted 
and he was consecrated in a little upper room at Aberdeen on 
November 14, 1784, by Bishops, Dr. Robert Kilgour, of Aberdeen ; Dr. 
Arthur Petrie, of Ross and Moray, and Dr. John Skinner, Bishop 
Coadjutor of Aberdeen. 

First General Convention. 

The first General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
of the United States was assembled in Philadelphia on September 

27, 1786. A committee was appointed to correspond witli the Arch- 
bishops and Bishops of the Church of England, with a view to 
obtain an Episcopate. Tlie convention adjourned to meet in Pliila- 
delphia on June 20, 1786. The address of the committee to the 
English Prelates was forwarded to John Adams, American Minister 
to Great Britain, witli a request to present it to the Archbishop of 
Clanterbury. ... In the Spring- of 1786 the committee received 
an answer, signed by the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, and 
eighteen of the twenty Bisliops of England. It was courteous in 
tone and expressed a desire to comply with the request, but delayed 
compliance until they could be advised of the alterations to be 
made in the Prayer Book. 

Bishops Consecrated at Lambeth. 

The General Convention in June, 1786, and one subsequently at 
Wilmington, Delaware, in October, made such satisfactory represen- 
tations to the English Bishops that all obstacles to the consecration 
of the American Bishops were removed. Accordingly, Eev. Dr. 
William White, of Pennsylvania, and Rev. Samuel Provoost, of New 
York, wdio had been elected by the Convention, sailed to England 
and were consecrated on Sunday, February 4, 1787, by the two Arch- 
bishops, Dr. John Moore, of Canterbury, and Dr. William Markham, 
of York, and Bishops, Dr. Charles Moss, of Bath and Wells, and 
Dr. John HInchcliffe, of Peterborough, in the Chapel of Lambeth 
Palace, near Dondon, where the Bishops of England had been conse- 
crated for centuries. The Bev. James Madison, President of William 
and Mary College, was chosen first Bishop of Virginia and conse- 
crated at Lambeth Palace, September 19, 1790, by Dr. John Moore, 
Archbishop of Canterbury, assisted by Dr. Beilby Porteus, Bishop of 
London, and Dr. John Thomas, Bishop of Rochester. In 1792 the 
Convention assembled in New York with the three Bishops of the 
English line, and Seabury, of the Scottish succession. They now 
felt authorized to perform consecrations, and at this Convention con- 
secrated the Rev. Thomas James Claggett, of Maryland, to the Epis- 
copate, all four uniting in the ceremony. 

10 — 

First Church. 

Corner Wood and Champion Streets. 

Consecrated October 21, 1863. 

History of St. John's Parish. 


THE first public services, according to the Prayer Boolv of tlie 
Episcopal Church, held on the Western Reserve, were held 
in our neighboring township of Boardman. And there was 
formed one of the first Church organizations in Ohio. The mem- 
bers of the organization were citizens of that and neighboring 
townships, pioneers from the older States, Episcopalians who 
brought their prayer books, as well as their bibles, with them. 
Among them were — from Connecticut — Joseph Piatt and his son, Eli, 
from New Milf ord : Ethel Starr, from Danbury; Mrs. George Tod, 
from New Haven ; Judson Canfield, from Salisbury ; and Judge Tur- 
hand Kirtland, from Wallingford. Preaching, or public religious 
worship of any kind, was onljr occasional in those earl3'- days of the 
Reserve. The first Episcopal services, of which we have informa- 
tion, were held, as above stated, in Boardman, and in 1807, by 
Joseph Piatt, as Lay-reader, and they were attended by the sparse 
population. On the records of the Parish of Boardman we find a 
memorandum, made by Henry M. Boardman, an early resident of 
that township and a highly esteemed citizen, which we copy: — 
"Lay Reading was commenced in Boardman in the year 1807, 
and had alternately in Boardman and (Janfield, by Mr. Joseph 
Piatt, then recently from Connecticut, a Layman, and the reading 

— 11 — 

so eontinviecl until the summer of 1S17, when the Parish was regu- 
larly organized, and. called St. James' Parish, By Rev. R. vSearle, 
from Pljrmouth, Connecticut." 

First Organization. 

A meeting was held June 20, 1809, to consider the organiza- 
tion of a Church. At this meeting the following petition was 
presented, which we have copied verbatim from the old records : — 

" BoAEDMAN, June 20th, 1809. 
"We the subscribers. Inhabitants of the Towns of Boardman, 
Canfield and Poland, in the County of Trumbull and State of Ohio, 
being desirous to promote the worship of God after the order of 
the protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, 
having for some time past met and attended divine service accord- 
ing to the established forms of tliat Church & finding ourselves 
under great inconveniences for the want of Prayer Books & Ser- 
mons, to remedy which and endeavor to procnre the assistance of 
a wortliy teacher, judge it best to form ourselves into a regular 
Episcopal Society, investing the same with the proper officers, there- 
by putting ourselves in a proper situation to petition the Et. Revd. 
tlie Bishop of the State of New York, praying him to incorporate 
us and grant us such relief as in liis wisdom lie may deem nreet 
and consistent. 

" We appoint Saturday the l^th day of August next to meet at 
the Town of Boardman for the aljove purpose. 

Subscribers Names. Subscribers Names. 

tuehand kirtland, zlba lovbland, 
Ension Church, Aead Way, 

tlHAS. Chittenden, Eleazoe Gilson, 

JosiAH Wbtmore, Eleazor C. Faieohild, 

Samuel Blixu^er, Russell F. Starr, 

Joseph Platt, Eli Platt, ' 

Ethel Staer, John Lovbland, 

Francis Dowler, Lewis Hoyt, 

John Liddle, Joseph Liddle, 

John Dowler, Jared Kirtland." 

Eleazoe Faibchild, 

" Saturday 12th, August, 1809. 
"Met and adjourned to the 4th of Sept., Turhand Kirtland, 
Esqr., appointed Moderator & Ethel Starr, Clk., when the following 

— 12 — 

persons were duly appointed as officers (to wit) Josepli Piatt, War- 
deen, Turliand Kirtland, Ethel Starr & Lewis Hoyt, Vestry. 

Ethel Stabb, Society Clerk." 

" BoAEDMAN, Sept. 4th, 1809. 

"At a ineeting- of the professors of the protestant Episcopal 
Church in America, inhabitants of Boardman, Canfleld & Poland in 
the County of Trumbull & State of Ohio, holden at the School 
house near the center of Boardman by appointment aforesaid for 
the purpose of forming- themselves into a regular Episcopal Societjr 
& investing' the same with proper society officers, voted at this 
meeting unanimously. Turhand Kirtland, Moderator, Ethel Starr, 
Clerk, Joseph Piatt, Warden, Turhand Kirtland, Ethel Starr & Lewis 
Hoyt, Vestry." 

At a meeting held Aug. 27, 1810, it was " on motion voted that 
a committee be appointed to draw a subscription for the obtaining 
and supporting a respectal)le Clergyman from the States of Con- 
necticut or New York to come to this place and visit us, and tarry 
as long- as the Society and himself can ag-ree. . . . Voted, that 
we will associate with any persons in the town of Young's Town 
who will associate with us and that they share with us all the 
benefits of said society." 

First Clergyman. 

The first clergyman of this tUiurch who otlieiated in Board- 
man or on the Western Reserve, so far as is known, was Rev. 
Jackson Kemper, afterwards widely known as Missionary Bishop 
of the Northwest, and subsequently as Bisliop of Wisconsin. Mr. 
Kemper, in the Fall of 1814, was on a Missionary tour in Western 
Pennsylvania, under the auspices of " The Societ}' of the Protes- 
tant Episcopal Church for the Advancement of Christianity in 
Pennsylvania," which he had aided in forming. He visited Pitts- 
burgh, and there Rev. Mr. Taylor, Rector of Trinity Church, 
informed him of the Episcopal Church in Boardman, and that 
Joseph Piatt, during a business visit to that city the previous 
Summer, had requested that, if possible, some clergyman of the 
Church might be sent to them. Mr. Kemper cordially accepted 
the invitation, went to Boardman, and spent some weeks in preach- 
ing there and in Canfleld, Poland, and probably Youngstown, 
though we have no authentic information as to his preaching in 

— 13 — 

the latter place. During this time, in September, 1814, he bap- 
tized twenty-nine persons, among whom were Hon. Sheldon New- 
ton and Billius Kirtland. Two years later, from September 19 to 
22, 1816, Rev. Jaeob Morgan Douglas, in the employ of the same 
society, visited Boardman and neighboring townships. He bap- 
tized fifteen persons. 

A More Perfect Organization. 

On March 28, 1817, Eev. Roger Searle, who had come from 
Plymouth, Connecticut, to Ohio, as a Missif)nary, otflciated in 
Boardman. He called a meeting of the Vestry, and then a new 
formula was adopted and subscribed, in which was incorporated 
the name of the Parish, Saint James, and a declaration of sub- 
mission to the constitutional Canons of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States. 

We copy from the old records the account of this organization: 

"At a meptins of the Wardens, Vestry and others of the Epis- 
copal Parish held in Boardman, March 23rd, 1817. 

" Revd. Roger Hearle, Rector of Ht. Peters Church Plymouth, 
Connecticut, present and in the chair and Russell Starr Clerk. 

" On motion the followins' resolution was moved and adopted 
(viz): 'We the subscribers do hereby declare that we are attacht 
and belong to the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States 
of America and do hereby unite ourselves into a congregation by 
tlie name of St. Jameses Church Boardman, Ohio, for the worship 
of Almighty God according to the forms — the Liturgy and Consti- 
tution of the said Chui'ch. 

Joseph Platt, 

Tbyal Tanner, 

TuKHAND Kirtland, 

Ethel Starr, 

Francis Dowler, 

Isaac Newton, 

Peter Stilson, 

Russell Starr, 
" On motion the Constitution of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the United States of America, was adopted." 

It is curious to note the titles of officers as shown by these 
old records. The}' started off with a "Moderator," then a 

Comfort Starr, 
Jared Kirtland, 


John Northrop, 
Bena.iah Tioknor, 

Luther Stilson, 
Shannon D. Buck. 


"Warden," who seemed to be next in authority, then an "Assistant 
Warden," and in 1814 they elected a "Junior Warden." After 
1815 the term "Moderator" was not used, but instead the old- 
est Warden in the Parish acted as chairman of their meetings 
when no Eector was present. In 1824 they elected three War- 
dens, two Vestrymen, a Collector, a Treasurer, and a Recorder. 

Hon. Elijah Boardnian, the proprietor bj" deed from the t!on- 
necticut Land Company of the township, was an Episcopalian, 
and was liberal in his encouragement and donation to its new 
Church. He had married Miss Mary Anna Whiting, of Great Bar- 
rington, Massachusetts. Her father was an active member of the 
St. James' (Episcopal) Church in that place, in which C!hureh she 
had been baptized, confirmed and married, and, it is said, in cfm- 
formity with her wishes, this pioneer Church in the then almost 
wilderness, though not named at its first organization, was now 
named St. James. 

Eev. Searle visited various places in Ohio and Kentuckj', per- 
forming missionary work, returned to Connecticut, and in the Fall 
removed with his family to Canfield. He preached, for a time, in 
Boardman and Canfield, and other places in Ohio, also organizing 
parishes, and then removed to Medina, Ohio, but visited his old 
parishes of Boardnian and Canfield occasionallj'-. He died Septem- 
ber 6, 1826. Says one who knew him well: — "He will ever be 
regarded as the chief pioneer missionary of the Western Reserve, 
so far as this (Episcopal) Church is concerned. During the nine 
years and over of his labors in this field he organized thirteen 
parishes in Ohio and four in Kentucky." 

First Bishop of Ohio. 

The Diocese of Ohio was organized at a convention of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church, held at Columbus on January 6, 
1818, Rev. Philander Chase, a Missionary from New York, being- 
its president. An adjourned meeting of the convention was held 

— 15 — 

at Worthington, Ohio, on June 3, IS18, where, on June 21, Mr. 
Chase was unanimously elected Bishop of Ohio. He was conse- 
crateil in St. James' Church, in Philadelphia, f)n February 11, 1819, 
hy Rt. Rev. William White, one of the American Bishops conse- 
crated in Lambeth Chapel, England, assisted by Bishops Hobart of 
New York, Kemp of Marjdand, and Croes of New Jersey. His 
journey from Ohio to Philadelphia and return was made on horseback. 

He made his first Episcopal visitation to Canfiekl October 6, 
1819, where sixteen persons were confirmed, and preached in Board- 
man on the 7th in the evening, with confirmation and communion. 
The next year he visited Canfiekl (August 29), and at Boardman 
(August 30) he preached to a large audience, with baptism, con- 
firmation and communion. He also visited Youngstown, passing 
through, but for want of time did not preach there. He again 
visited the parishes of Boardman and Canfield in August, 1823, 
and baptized and confirmed several persons. He visited Youngs- 
town in 1825 and preached there. 

The following extracts from his journal of that year are inter- 

" Sept. 8th. Rode to Warren and in the evening preached and per- 
formed divine service in the Court House. The 
audience was very large and attentive." 

" Sept. 9th. Proceeded to Youngstown, here also in the midst of a 
respectable congregation the same duties were per- 

"Sept. loth. At Poland, in addition to the evening services and a 
sermon, I baptized two children." 

"Sept. 11th. Sunday rode to Boardman where I offleiated in the 
morning and evening, administering the communion 
to twenty-six and confirmed tliree persons, baptized 
four adults and four children. The congregalion 
though so crowded as scarcely to admit the admin- 
istration of the ordinances, was most attentive and 
reverential during the great length of the service 
and two sermons." 

" Sept. I2th. Rode to Canfiekl preached and baptized and on the 
next day rode to New Lisbon." 

— 16 — 

Clergymen at Boardman. 

Rev. John Hall, who had been a student of Mr. Searle, was 
ordained a Deacon in June, 1822, and preached in Boardman a 
few times. Eev. Intrepid Morse was in Boardman in April, 1823, 
and baptized several. He was there occasionally afterwards, and 
made an especial visit in August, 1823, to administer the Holy 
Communion to Hon. Elijah Boardman, of New Milford, Connecti- 
cut, then on his death-bed at the house of his son, Henry M. 
Boardman, and who there died on August 18, 1823. 

In the Fall of 1828 Rev. Benjamin Benham, of Brookfield, 
Connecticut, father of Mrs. H. M. Boardman, visited his daugh- 
ter and her husband, and stayed until the following Summer with 
them. During his stay he preached at Boardman and at Canfield 
on alternate Sundays. 

Rev. Marcus Tullius Cicero Wing was the first settled Rector 
in the new Church. Having raised $400 for him, on September 
5, 1829, the Vestry decided to give him a call to take charge of 
the Parish, in connection with Youngstown and Vienna. He was 
then an instructor in Kenyon College, the new Episcopal College, 
at Gambler, Ohio. He accepted the call. We have no record of 
the services he held, if any, at Youngstown, but it is on record 
at Boardman that after the first year he was engaged for two- 
thirds of the time for the same sum, $400 per year. He re- 
signed his charge September 25, 1831, and returned to Gambler, 
where he held for many years a professorship in Kenyon 

Rev. John L. Brj^an was then engaged as Rector, and continued 
in that relation, two-thirds of the time, at Boardman, until Octo- 
ber 13, 1834. 

Rev. Joshua L. Harrison, from West Farms, New York, was 
called December 25, 1835, accepted the call, and came to the Par- 
ish in the Spring of 1836. He also officiated at Canfield, a new 
Church having been erected at that place. He was the first to 

— 17 — 

hold regular services at Yoiingstown ; prior to this time the 
services had been verjr irregular. The following is a copy, in 
part, of the letter he wrote November 24-, 1S03, to Rev. C. S. 
Abbott, of Christ Church, Warren, Ohio : — 

" Rbv'nd. Dear Sir: — Your favor of the 8th., June came duly 
to hand. I remember Mr. Jacob Baldwin, and also Mr. John Crowell, 
with whom I stayed, on my visit to Warren. I do not recollect 
any of the names of the persons who may have been in Warren, 
but I organized the Parish and gave it the name of Christ Church. 
And now to refer to Youngstown, and I believe I may claim the 
honor of having been the first preacher of the Church in what was 
then a very pleasant village on the banks of the Mahoning; for I 
preached there, as these extracts from my own personal register 
will show, 'On the 2.Srd., June, 1836, in the Presbyterian Meeting- 
House' and again on these dates; viz, June 30, July 14, Aug. 11, 
Aug. 25, Sept. 22 and Oct., 6th., and then I baptized the following 
children, sons of J. W. and Lucy Rayen; — viz, Isaac Jackson, aged 
9 years, William Asa, 7 years, Philo Porter 5 years and James Wil- 
son, 3 years. October 18, I preached at Youngstown, and on 8th, 
August, 1837, married at Youngstown, Francis Reno to Rachel Pent- 
land; I received .$10. Nov. 23, married John H. MeCoombs to 
Amaryllis B. Fitch and received $10. Nov. 30, married Wm. B. Fos- 
ter to Mary Ann Wick. The young lady died in about six weeks 
after her marriage. Mr. Foster, who was a friend of mine and a 
relative of the Kev. E. A. Buchanan, gave me $20. 

" Perhaps this brief record may not be deemed unworthy of a 
place, in the Register of the new Parish at Youngstown. 
Yours very sincerely, 

J. L. Harrison." 

Mr. Harrison removed to Greensburg, Pa., November, 1838. 

The Rectorship was vacant until May, 184-0, when Rev. 
Joseph T. Eaton came to the Parish and remained until A^Dril, 
1845, holding services in Warren part of the time. Rev. William 
Granville, from Medina, Ohio, on July 13, 1845, preached, for 
the first time, in Canfield, and officiated there and at Boardman 
until March 22, 1846. 

Henry M. Boardman removed to Boardman in 1819, and 
resided there until his death, resulting from an accident, on 
December 17, 1846. Soon after his arrival he was elected Clerk 
of the Parish. In 1827 he was elected Junior Warden, and on 

— 18 — 

the retiracy of Ethel Starr, in 1843, Senior Warden, which he 
held until his death. He commeneed Lay-reading in April, 
1846, and continued it until September 27, 1S46, when Rev. G. 
F. Lewis took charge of the Parish. He was succeeded in May, 
1848, by Rev. Joseph Adderly, who was succeeded in December, 
1852, by the Rev. C. S. Doolittle, who officiated about four 
years, until after September, 1856. There was again a vacancy 
and Rev. A. T. McMurphy entered upon the Rectorate about 
October, 1857, and continued as Rector of Boardman and Can- 
field until 1863, offlciating occasionally in Youngstown and other 
places, and was largely instrumental in organizing the Parish of 
St. John's in Youngstown. 

Church Edifice in Boardman. 

At a meeting held in the house of Mr. Ethel Starr, September 
5, 1825, on motion it was resolved to build a Church, and a build- 
ing committee, consisting of Asa Baldwin, H. M. Boardman and 
Trial Tanner, was appointed. The records do not show when they 
commenced work on the Church, but it was in course of con- 
struction in 1827. The records do not say when building was 
finished, which must have been in the Summer of 1829, as their 
yearly meeting, in April of 1829, was held at the house of Ethel 
Starr ; their next vestry meeting was in the Church, in August 
of that year. On August 23, 1829, the Church was consecrated 
by Bishop Chase. 

The building was remodeled in 1881, but the chancel remains 
practically the same as it was built in 1827. Many articles of 
furniture belonging to the original edifice are still in use, some of 
them very old, among which may be noted the quaint old bap- 
tismal font brought from New Milford, Connecticut, an old fash- 
ioned Communion table, and the stained glass window erected in 
memory of Hon. Elijah Boardman and his wife Mary Anna. This 
window was for many years in the Church at New Milford, but 

— 19 — 

was removed to Boardman when the old Church at that place 
was taken down. The baptismal font was also removed to Board- 
man, and from it manj^ of the ancestors of the people of the 
Western Reserve received baptism, the grandmother of our present 
Bishop (a relative of the Boardmans) being one of the number. 
The earliest record of baptisms of Youngstown people is 
found in the Register of St. James' Church, Boardman, in the 
handwriting of H. M. Boardman, Clerk of the Parish, and is as 
follows : — " May 22, 1823, by the Rev. Roger Searle." (Place 
not given, but apparently in Youngstown.) 

1. James Wilson Rayen, adult. 

Witnesses: — Mr. B. E. Bayen; H. M. Boardman, not present, 
but answering' by request. 

2. Margaretta Amanda, infant daugliter of James W. and Clarissa 

E. Rayen. 
Sponsors: — The parents and Mrs. S. H. Boardman. Mrs. 
Boardman was absent, but became sponsor by request. 

The Church in Youngstown. 

The Youngstown Church had its beginning through the Sun- 
day School work begun in the early fifties by Mrs. Jesse Thorn- 
ton, nee Miss Henrietta Foster, a sister of Stephen C. Foster, 
the song writer. Mrs. Thornton, who was an Episcopalian, 
taught a class of young children every Sunday in one of the 
rooms of her home on West Federal street. Her daughters Mary 
( afterwards Mrs. Major Crosman ) and Eliza, assisted in this 
work, which was continued for several years, until the Thorn- 
tons removed to Warren, Ohio. Some of the scholars who 
attended her class became teachers of the Sunday School held in 
the old brick school house, corner Wood and Champion streets, 
of which mention is made further on. 

Rev. A. T. McMurphy, as already stated, became Rector of 
St. James' Church, in Boardman, in 1857. He frequently held 
services in Youngstown. Rev. C. S. Abbott, of Warren, also 

— 20 — 

held services here occasionally, the Presbj^terians and Methodists 
generousljr furnishing the use of their Churches on these occa- 
sions. With her increasing population many additions were made 
to the number of Episcopalians, and it was considered desiral)le 
to form a Church organization. For this purpose a meeting of 
"The Friends of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Youngs- 
town" was held on July 7, 1859, of which Mr. M. T. Jewell 
was Chairman, and Hiram A. Hall, Secretary. Kevs. McMurpliy 
and Abbott were present. They instructed the meeting as to the 
measures necessary to effect an organization. It was resolved 
that "it was desirable and practicable to organize a Parish of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in Youngstown," and on motion 
of Mr. Jewell, " St. John's " was adopted as the name of the 
Parish. Committees were appointed, one to prepare a petition 
and procure signatures, and another to procure a suitable room 
for holding Church services, and Revs. McMurphy and Abbott 
were invited to hold services here as often as might be conveni- 
ent, it being understood that their services would be remunerated 
and they would be hospitably and handsomely entertained. Rev. 
C. S. Abbott, in a letter dated February S, 1898, stated that 
" at odd intervals in preceding 3rears, clergymen had been invited 
by friends of former parishioners to visit them and hold services, 
but there was no thought, as far as I know, from these invita- 
tions, of any permanent work as their result. I held services 
and preached on the afternoon of Trinity Sundaj^ June 19, 
1859. The Methodist Church was kindly loaned to us for the 
service. This was the beginning of the Church movement. On 
Thursday night, July 7, Mr. McMurphy and myself took the incip- 
ient steps towards organizing the Parish. The meeting was held 
in a small frame building, — session room, I think it was called, — 
on the grounds of and belonging to the Presbyterian Church." 

Bishop Bedell visited Youngstown on November 29, 1859, and 
the requisite number of names having been signed to the petition, 

— yi — 

he advised a notice to be given for a meeting to be lield for 

Organizing St. John's Parish. 

Tlie notice was given, and tiie meeting was held in the old 
Presb3''terian Church, on East Federal street, on the evening of 
December 9, 1859. Bishop Bedell, as we are informed, was 
present and preached. After the sermon and usual religious 
services. Rev. Mr. McMurphj^ was appointed Chairman, and H. 
A. Hall, Secretary. The committee, consisting of William M. 
Hunter, Henry Manning, .Jr., and .Joseph B. Wilder, appointed 
at a previous meeting, presented the petition and signatures. 

The following is a copj^ of the petition as it appears on the 
old record book : — 


We, whose names are hereunto atfixed, deeply impres.sed with 
the importance of the Christian Religion, and earnestly wisliing to 
promote its Holy influence in tlie liearts and lives of ourselves, our 
families and neighbors, do hereby associate ourselves together, under 
the name, style and title of the Parish of St. John's Church, in the 
Townsliip of Youngstown, County of Mahoning, State of Ohio, and 
by so doing, do adopt the Constitution and Canons of tlie Protes- 
tant Episcopal Churcli in the United States of America and of the 
Diocese of Ohio. 

Signers' Names. 

JosKPH B. Wilder, 
M. T. Jewell, 
H. A. Hall, 
John W. Ellis, 
H. Manning, Jk., 
w. m. huntek, 
John Smith, 
Samuel A. Ross, 
F. O. Arms, 
James M. Reno, 
Arthur G. Lewis, 
Susan Lewis, 
T. W. Johnson, 
C. G. Edwards, 

WM. J. HlT(JH(U)('K, 

Signers' Names. 

Mrs. Mary H. Powers, 

Mrs. M. F. Jewell, 

Mrs. J. M. Wilder, 

Mrs. Sophia Manning, 

Mrs. Elizabeth Byrd, 

Mrs. Mary Emerson, 

Mrs. Alexander Caufield, 

Miss Emma Smith, 

Mrs. a. Smith, 

Mis.s Mary Smith, 

Mrs. C. M. A. Manning, 

Mrs. Emily' Arms, 

Mrs. a. S. Manning, 

Mr. William Creed, 

Mrs. Hannah Creed. 

— 22 — 

Morris T. Jewell. 

Hiram A. Hall. 

John Smith. 

John W. Ellis. 

First Vestrymen of 

Freeman O. Arms. 

J. B. Wilder. 

W. J. Hitchcock. 

St. John's Parish. 

Others who were active assistants in the organization, 

although not signers of the petition, were: — 

Francis Reno, John Manning, 

Mrs. Rachel Reno, R. J. Powers, 

Miss Sarah McCJ^y, Alexander Caupield, 

Mrs. Wm. J. Hitchcock, Mrs. Henrietta Thornton. 

Election of Officers. 

At this meeting, December 9, 1859, the Church was organ- 
ized by electing the following oftieers : — Francis Reno, Senior 
Warden; Henry Manning, Jr., Junior Warden; M. T. Jewell, 
John W. Ellis, H. A. Hall, John Smith, William J. Hitchcock, 
Freeman O. Arms, J. B. Wilder, Vestrymen. The Vestry elected 
Mr. Jewell their Secretary. 

On December 13, of the same year, the Vestry met, and 
after electing Mr. Jewell their Secretary, took steps toward hav- 
ing a Church of their own by starting a subscription paper to 
obtain subscriptions "for the purpose of purchasing a lot and 
erecting thereon a suitable C'hurch edifice." Those present 
signed that evening to the amount of $550.00. On May 21, 
18(50, Messieurs. F. O. Arms, H. Manning, Jr. and M. T. Jewell 
were appointed to choose a location, and in June theji- reported 
favorably on a lot offered by Dr. Manning. On July 23, 
1860, the old High School property, on the Southwest corner of 
Wood and Champion streets, was purchased from John Manning 
for $1,400.00, he taking in part payment at $400.00 another lot 
on Walnut street, which had been given to the Church by Dr. 
Manning, who approved the exchange. 

The history of this piece of property is interesting. It 
appears that in 1827 John Moore began the erection on it of a 
building to be used for a Presbyterian Church, but when he had 
finished the first story, a dissension arose among the members of 
the congregation, which resulted in an abandonment of the 
work. Dr. Henry Manning bought the building and roofed it 

— 23 — 

over. For many years it was used as a private school, and is 
often mentioned as the "Old High School." From the time it 
was purchased by the Parish until shortly before the laying of 
the corner-stone of the Church, it was used by the Sunday 
School, which was organized and doing good work before a 
Rector had been placed in charge. The teachers and workers in 
the vSunday School were, of course, from among those who were 
prominent in the organizing of the Parish. Mrs. Freeman 0. 
Arms was the prime mover in the work, in which she was ably 
assisted by Mr. and Mrs. Henry Manning, Mrs. Mary Powers, 
Mrs. Rachel Reno, Miss Emma Smith, Mr. J. M. Reno, and 
others. In this old building, in 1880, was held the first Christ- 
mas festival held in Youngstown. The program of the day's 
exercises is not on record, but Mrs. Freeman Arms, who had a 
very pleasant voice, sang some of the Church music, and the 
members present joined in singing hymns as best they could 
without the aid of instrumental music. This was a gala day for 
those interested in the (Church, for up to this time the Youngs- 
town people had never held any religious services on Christmas. 
Happily in these days of grace Christmas, Easter and some other 
daj's considered by us as Holy, are treated bj^ other Churches 
with considerable more respect, as regularly arranged services, 
copied closely after ours, are now quite common with those who 
in former years condemned us for, as they erroneously said : — 
"Copying after the Romanists." 

Building the First Church. 

On Easter Monda}' of the year 1S61 the Vestrj^ appointed 
Messieurs. W. J. Hitchcock, F. 0. Arms, John W. Ellis and M. 
T. Jewell as the Building Committee, and on May 27, of that 
year, the corner-stone of the Church was laid by the then 
Assistant Bishop, Gregory T. Bedell, assisted by the Rev. A. T. 
McMurphy, of Boardman. The contents of the stone, as shown 

— 24 — 

by Mr. Jewell in the brief history of the Church, which he pre- 
pared and read at the time were as follows : — 

Copy of the Western Episcopalian. 

Copy of each of the Youngstown papers. 

Journal of Diocesan Convention for 1860. 

Catalogue of the Theological Seminary and Kenyon 

College, at Gambier. 
Brief history of the Church. 
Bible, Prayer Book and some specimen coins. 

The ceremonies incident to the laying of the corner-stone 
were as follows : — 

Repeating by all the people the 122d Psalm. 

Introductory address by Rev. Mr. A. T. McMurphy, and prayer. 

Reading of Scripture lesson. 

Singing of first and second verses of Hymn 38. 

Reading of brief history of the Church by Mr. Jewell. 

Laying of the corner-stone by Bishop Bedell. , 

Gloria In excelsis. 


Address by the Bishop. 

Hymn No. 25. 

Doxology and Benediction. 

The building was completed in the early part of the year 
1862, and consecrated by Bishop Bedell, October 21, 1863. 

First Rector— Rev. Wyllys Hall. 

From the formation of the Parish until the Autumn of 1861 
Reverends A. T. McMurphy, of Boardman, and C. S. Abbott, of 
Warren, held services every two weeks alternately, the Presby- 
terians and Methodists giving the use of their Churches on such 
occasions. Rev. Wyllys Hall, of Portsmouth, Ohio, came to the 
Parish on invitation in October, 1861, and was so well liked that 
he was on December 15, 1861, elected Rector of St. John's Parish 
at a salary of $400.00 per year and what would be given by the 
Diocesan Missonary Society as their proportion of the mission 

— 25 — 

fund — amount not known. At this time Arms & iVIurray's Hall, 
Southeast eorner of Federal and Phelps Streets, was rented and 
the tUiureh services held there regularly thereafter until the con- 
gregation moved into their own building. Although the congre- 
gation was small in those days, yet it was an earnest, wide 
awake lot of people; the ladies then, as now, working faithfully 
to obtain money ffir the Parish expenses. An entry on the 
Treasurer's book for July 2, 1861, shows he received $94.00, 
proceeds from "Ladies' Strawberry Festival," and on July 13, 
1862, cash from "Ladies' Oyster Supper, $100.00." 

Mr. Hall's salary was increased in April, 1863, to $500.00. 
On September 15, 1865, he resigned, and his resignation was 
accepted, to take elf'eet on the 25th of the same month. This 
was Mr. Hall's first charge, but he is favorably spoken of by 
those who knew him and remember the good work he did when 
the Parish was new and struggling for existence. Mr. Hall is 
now retired and lives at San Mateo, California. 

Rev. Samuel Maxwell, Rector. 

Mr. Maxwell was born August 6, 1839, at Albany, New York. 
He graduated as an A. B. from the College of the City of New 
York. After a post graduate course, he received degree of 
Bachelor of Science. He then took a course at the Theological 
Seminary in Alexandria, Virginia. In 1861 he was ordained a 
Deacon bj"^ Bishop Horatio Potter in the Church of the Epiphany 
and became Assistant Kector at St. Mark's Church, New York. 
In 1863 he went to Akron, Ohio, and on March 23, 1866, the 
Vestry of St. John's Church, Youngstown, unanimously elected 
him as Rector at a salary of $1,200.00 per year. He accepted 
the call and entered upon his duties May 1, 1866. The next 
year his salarj^ was increased to $1,500.00. During Mr. Max- 
well's administration of seventeen years the Parish prospered 
exceedingly, making it possible to extend the work and add 

— 26 — 

improvements tn the Parish. In 18(59 the Parishoners built a 
Rectory for Mr. Maxwell on the west side of the ('hurch lot. 
The increased growth of the Parish having made it very neces- 
sary to have more church room, there were commenced in 1879 
a series of improvements, all under the supervision of Mr. Max- 
well. A Sunday School room was built below the Chapel, front- 
ing on Champion street; the Vestry room was added; new 
furniture and altar were procured and Church newly frescoed. 
The thoroughly remodeled Church was opened with appropriate 
services by Bishop Bedell on May 20, 1880. Mr. Maxwell built 
up St. John's Church from a small Parish to a vigorous, self- 
sustaining, aggressive institution, and when his energies and 
ability had finally excited the interest of other Parishes and a 
call was given him to extend his labors into the wider field of 
Trinity Church, of Pittsburg, his people were compelled reluct- 
anly to give him up. Mrs. Maxwell shares with her husband 
the friendship and esteem of St. John's Parish. She was a will- 
ing and energetic worker in all lines of Church work, and 
assisted materially in making the musical part of the Church 
service very attractive. On Sunday, April 1, 1883, Mr. Maxwell 
preached his farewell sermon to an audience that was limited by 
the size of the Church, many people being unable to gain admis- 
sion. After many years in Pittsburg, Mr. Maxwell went to a 
Parish on Long Island, New York, and in the Autumn of 1896 
was stricken with apoplexy while conducting services. He never 
regained consciousness, dying in a few hours. 

Boundary Dispute. 

During Mr. Maxwell's time was commenced the suit of the 
County Commissioners to compel the Church to give to the 
County four feet of their land on Wood street, adjoining the 
Court House property, which the County claimed. The case was 
bitterly fought by the County Attorney. The final trial, which 

— 27 — 

took place in 1889, was decided in favor of the County, to the 
surprise even of the Judge (as the testimony was overwlielmingly 
in favor of the Church) who promptly granted a new trial. 
Before it could be taken up again, it was discovered that all the 
papers and data bearing on the case had mysteriously disap- 

The Vestrj' at an informal meeting decided to not carry on 
further litigation, and abandoned the case, as well as the dis- 
puted ground. Mention is made of this (to us now) very trifling 
matter, but at the time it was a very serious affair to those 
interested, and will be remembered by many of the members, who 
felt that they had been tricked out of property that had been 
their own for years, without question. 

Bell Fund. 

In 1876 the subject of a bell, or chime of bells, was agitated 
and a "bell fund" started. Nothing came of it, however, and 
the project was abandoned. This was as near as the Parish ever 
came to owning a Church bell. The congregation has always 
found its way to services without the primitive summons in use 
by some Churches. 

The Rev. Frederick Burt Avery, Rector. 

On March 30, 1883, the Vestry elected the Kev. F. B. Avery, 
who accepted and held his first services Sunday, April 8, 1883. 
Mr. Avery was born at Cleveland, Ohio, June 7, 1854, his father, 
the Rev. John T. Aytry, being a noted Congregational Evan- 
gelist. He received his early education in the Cleveland public 
schools, afterwards entering Oberlin College, where he received 
the degree of M. A. He studied law at Cleveland, and was law 
librarian of Cuyahoga C'ounty for three years ; received the 
degree of Doctor of Legal Learning from the Ohio State Law 
College, and practiced law for two years with U. H. Birney. He 

— 28 — 

then took a theological eourse at tiie Divinity School, in Phila- 
delphia, receiving his diploma in 1880. In that year he was 
ordained to the Deaconate at Trinity Church, CUeveland, and 
afterwards was appointed "Minister in (Jharge " of St. Paul's 
Church, Canton, Ohio. He was ordained a Priest in 1881. 

January 25, 1884, Rev. Avery was instituted Rector of St. 
John's Parish by the Rt. Rev. Gregory T. Bedell, D. D., Bishop 
of Ohio, assisted by the Reverends James A. Bowles, W. C. 
French and George Hinkle, of Cleveland; Ganter, of Akron; J. 
A. Matthews, of Warren; S. W. Garrett, of Hudson, and Samuel 
Maxwell, of Pittsburg. Mr. Avery was the second Rector insti- 
tuted to a Parish in Ohio, according to the ritual of the Book 
of Common Praj'er. The institution proper was conducted by 
Bishop Bedell, closing with a brief address by him, after which 
the keys of the Church were presented to the Rector by the 
Senior Warden, Mr. James M. Reno, who stood at the right of 
the altar, the Junior Warden, Mr. James Rudge, standing at the 
left. After prayer by the Bishop the services closed. An elo- 
quent sermon was then preached by Mr. Maxwell. 

St. James' Chapel. 

In 1883-1884, St. James' Chapel was built on a lot given by 
James and David Maekey, at the South-west corner of Albert and 
State streets, near the mills of the Mahoning Valle.y Iron Company. 
The Chapel was opened February 24, 1884, with divine services 
b}^ Rev. Avery, at which time he baptized sixteen persons. The 
name St. James was given to this Chapel because St. James was 
a brother of St. John, whose name the mother Church bears. It 
was also the name of both Wardens, the Parish Treasurer and 
one of the gentlemen who gave the lot. 

St. Mary's Chapel. 

In 1887 St. Mary's Chapel was built on a lot on Mahoning 
avenue, South Side, given by Mrs. Mary Howard, from whom 

— 29 — 

the Chapel gets its name. The building committee purchased 
an Episcopal Church at TifHn, Ohio, which was taken down, 
removed here and set up on the Howard lot. 

Resignation of Mr. Avery. 

Mr. Avery resigned February 12, 1889, to take charge of St. 
Mark's Church, Frankford, a suburb of Philadelphia. He after- 
wards returned to this Diocese and is Rector of St. James' 
Church, Painesville. His ministry here was a very busy one, 
and many additions were made to our list of communicants 
during his stay. After Mr. Avery's resignation, the Parish work 
was very ably managed by Rev. Edwin S. Hoffman, the Assistant 
Rector, he having practically taken entire charge. Shortly after 
the arrival of Mr. Avery's successor, Mr. Hoffman was called to 
take charge of Christ Church, at Hornellsville, New York. 

Rev. Robert R. Claiborne, Rector. 

September 23, 1889, the Vestry extended a call to Rev. Robert 
R. Claiborne, of Silver Spring, Maryland, who accepted at once, 
and held his first services on Sunday, October 13, 1889. 

Mr. Claiborne was born June 17, 1856, at Amherst, Virginia, 
and is a descendant of William Claiborne, one of the early ex- 
plorers, who came to America in 1631. He received his early 
schooling at Norwood, Va., and then entered the Virginia Mili- 
tary Institute at Lexington, Va. In 1879 he graduated from the 
Virginia Theological Seminary, and was ordained to the Deaconate 
by Bishop Whittle. In the following year he was ordained to 
the priesthood, and became Rector of Emanuel C!hurch at Rapi- 
dan, Virginia. Afterwards he took charge of Grace Church, 
Silver Spring, Maryland, and on the recommendation of Rev. 
William A. Leonard, of St. John's Church, Washington, D. C. (now 
our Bishop), he was called to Youngstown, Ohio. Mr. Claiborne 

— 30 — 

Rev. Abner L. Frazer, Jr., 

Rector St. John's Church. 

was a very able Rector, but his sojourn with us was short, as he 
resigned on February 4, 1892, to take charge of St. Luke's Parish 
at Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Rev. Abner L. Frazer, Jr., Rector. 

From the time Mr. Claiborne resigned until the autumn of the 
same j^ear, services were conducted by Lay-reader Mr. J. M. Reno, 
and Clergy from Kenyon College and surrounding Parishes. On 
invitation of the Bishop, the Rev. A. L. Frazer, Jr., of Lima, Ohio, 
held services on Sunday morning, August 14, 1892, and after 
services the following Sunday, the Vestry extended a call to him, 
which he accepted, entering upon his duties on All Saints Daj^, 
of the same year. 

Mr. Frazer was born at Cincinnati, Ohio, Julj^ 20, 18.58, where 
he received his education, until he entered Kenyon College at 
Gambler, Ohio. Graduating in 1880, he entered upon a business 
career, which was pursued until 1886. At that time he began his 
theological course at Bexley Hall, Kenyon College, remaining there 
two years. He served as Lay-reader the second year of his course 
at Berkshire, Galena, and at Trinity Church, Columbus. Septem- 
ber 28, 1887, he was ordained Deacon by Bishop Peterkin, of West 
Virginia, and ordained to the priesthood September 30, 1888, at 
Parkersburg, West Virginia. Immediately thereafter he went to 
Kalamazoo, Michigan, as Assistant Rector of St. Luke's Church. 
In October, 1889, he became Rector of Christ Church, Lima, Ohio. 
In 1895 he was elected Dean of the Northeast Convocation, which 
office he now holds. 

Mr. Frazer's work with us is better told by its visible results, 
in the enlarging of the Parish and many progressive ideas intro- 
duced. Through the succeeding years of his ministry, our Church 
History has accumulated very rapidly, as will be shown further 
on. Mr. Frazer has been very intimately identified with it all, 
watchful, energetic, and enthusiastic. 

— .31 — 

Assistant Rectors. 

At dirt'erent times during Mr. Avery's ministrj^ he had as 
assistants the Reverends H. L. Gamble, C. W. Hollister, Douglas 
I. Hobbs, and Edwin S. Hoffman. 

For a short time Mr. Claiborne had as Assistant Rector the 
Rev. Henry J. Beagen, and Mr. Frazer had for a brief period Rev. 
Herbert C. Gaylord. Most of these men also assisted in the work 
at Boardman, which Parish for a time was without a Rector. 

Wardens and Vestrymen Since Organization. 

Francis Reno was Senior Warden and Henry Manning, Jr., was 
Junior Warden at the organization, and continued as Wardens 
until the death of Mr. Francis Reno in October, 1864. The 
vacancy was not filled until the Easter Parish meeting in 1865, 
at which time Mr. Henry Manning, Jr., was elected Senior War- 
den, and Mr. J. M. Reno, son of Francis Reno, was elected Junior 
Warden. No change was made from this until the death of Mr. 
Manning, on Christmas live of 1881. On the Easter Monday fol- 
lowing Mr. J. M. Reno was made Senior Warden, continuing as 
such to the present time. At the same meeting Mr. James Rudge 
was elected Junior Warden, and held the office until his death in 
November, 1896. The Vestry elected Mr. W. E. Manning to fill 
out the time until I-Caster Monday of 1897, when the congregation 
elected Mr. J. M. Butler as their Junior Warden. 


In addition to those who were Vestrymen at the organization 
of the Parish, the following gentlemen were elected in the years 
subsequent, holding office one or more years : — 

T. W. Johnson, A. J. Packard, H. O. Bonnell, 

Godfrey Kino, R. J. Powers, J. M. Reno, 

A. GREfiORY, G. B. SiMONDS, G. B. Converse, 

— 32 — 

Geo. M. Ayer, W. W. Luok, John MANNiNfi, 

James Mackey, David Maokey, Alexander Adams, 

G. T. Lewis, J. L. Botsford, Henry G. Morse, 

F. H. Matthews, James RuiiciE, Geo. A. Coe, 

C. E. RuMPF, Jos. M. Butler, Henry Tod, 

W. B. Manning, E. L. Ford, Henry W. Heedy, 

M. C. McNab, Frank Hitchcock, C. M. Crook, 
James T. MoKelvby. 

Mr. W. J. Hitchcock has continued as a Vestryman since the 
Parish was organized. Mr. J. M. Reno was made a Vestryman in 
1864, and is next in consecutive years of service. Mr. J. L. Bots- 
ford has been Vestryman since 1876; Treasurer since 1877. Mr. 
J. M. Butler, Secretary since 1889. 


Rt. Rev. Philander Chase. 

Bishop Cliase lias been mentioned in previous pages in treat- 
ing with the pioneer history of the Church. His labor here was 
at a time when the town was small, and there were only a few 
scattered communicants who attended at Boardman. He founded 
Kenyon College and Theological Seminary at Gambler, and so 
earnest were his endeavors to build up that great work, that he 
journeyed to England to interest the Church people there, and 
obtain funds. He gave up his jurisdiction in 1831, going into 
missionary work in the West. On March 8, 1835, he was made 
Bishop of Illinois. During this period he made another journey 
to England, collected funds, and founded Jubilee College at Rob- 
in's Nest, Illinois. Here he resided until his death, September 

20, 1852. 

Rt. Rev. Charles Pettit Mcllvaine. 

When Bishop Chase resigned, Charles Pettit Mcllvaine was 
chosen Bishop of Ohio, and consecrated in St. Paul's Chapel, New 
York, on October 31, 1832, bj" Bishops White of Pennsylvania, 

— 33 — 

Griswold of New England, and Meade of Virginia. Bishop Mcll- 
vaine visited Yoimgstown frequentlj^, when it was a mere mission, 
the first time abovit 1853, holding services in the Methodist Epis- 
copal C'hurch; his last visit was on Tuesday, May 23, 1865, at 
which time he confirmed a class of sixteen. 

Bishop Mellvaine graduated from Princeton in 1816, was 
ordained at Georgetown, D. C., and in 1825 was appointed Cliap- 
lain to West Point. Later he was Rector of St. John's Church, 
Brooklyn. In 1853 the University of Oxford conferred on him 
the degree of D. C. L., and in 1858 the University of Cambridge 
that of LL. D. In 1871 he visited Russia to intercede with the 
Czar in favor of the religious rights of his Protestant subjects. 
He died during this journey at Florence, Italy, March 13, 1873. 
His body, on its way to America for burial, lay for a while in 
state at Westminster Abbey. Aside from his work as Bishop, he 
was well known as an author. One of his works, " Evidences of 
Christianity," reaching thirty editions, and was published in 
America, England and Scotland. 

Rt. Rev. Gregory Thurston Bedell. 

Our next Bishop was Gregory Thurston Bedell, who interested 
himself in the formation of our Parish, and for which he had 
unusual regard all his life, as also did his wife. She accom- 
panied him frequently when on his visits here. Bedell was the son 
of an Episcopal clergyman. Rev. Gregory Townsend Bedell, who 
was a very graceful elocutionist, which talent was also possessed 
by the son to a remarkable degree. Bedell studied theology at 
Alexandria, Va., and was ordained at St. Andrew's Church, Phila- 
delphia, in 1840. From 1843 to 1859 he was Rector of the Church 
of the Ascension at New York. He was then consecrated Assist- 
ant Bisliop of Ohio, and, on the death of Mellvaine, succeeded to 
the Bishopric. When the diocese was divided, in 1875, Bedell 
took the northern part, which retains the original name. He 

— 34 — 

Rt. Rev. Philander Chase. 

Rt. Rev. Charles Pettit Mcllvaine, 

D. D., LL. D., D. C. L. 

Rt. Rev. Gregory Thurston Bedell, D. D. 

Former Bishops of Ohio. 

visited liere early in 1859, and while yet Assistant Bishop con- 
firmed two classes, his last visit to Yoiingstown being March 27, 
1887, at which time he held confirmation services. He resigned 
in 1889 on account of ill health, and died at New York in 1892. 
During Bishop Bedell's illness and prior to the consecration of 
his successor, we had Episcopal visits from Rt. Rev. Buell Knick- 
erbacker, of Indiana, and Rt. Rev. C'ortlandt Whitehead, D. D., of 

Pittsburg, Pa. 

Present Bishop. 

Rt. Rev. William Andrew Leonard, D. D., was born at South- 
port, Connecticut,' July 15, 1818, ordained Deacon May 30, 1871, by 
Bishop Williams, who made him a priest at St. John's Church, 
Stamford, Connecticut, July 21, 1873. In 1880 he was nominated 
Missionary Bishop of Washington Territory, but declined the 
appointment. Later he was elected Bishop Coadjutor of Southern 
Ohio, which he also declined. In 1885 he received the title of 
D. D. from Washington and Lee University. Also in 1888 from 
St. Stephen's College, Annandale, New York, his Alma Mater. On 
October 12, 1889, he was consecrated Bishojj of Ohio at St. 
Thomas' Church, New Y'ork. Prior to this time he had been 
Rector of St. John's Church, Washington, D. C. Bishop Leonard's 
work is speaking for itself in the increased number of Parishes, 
and interest taken over all his Diocese in Church work, which is 
encouraged by his own energetic example. Under his guidance 
the Diocese of Ohio has a bright outlook. He has already laid 
the foundation of a Cathedral at Cleveland, and has outlined work 
for his people that will bear good fruit in the near future. 

As Bishop Bedell identified himself so closely with us in the 
formation of our Parish and the building of the first Church, so 
Bishop Leonard has been with us, from the purchase of the lot to 
the laying of the corner-stone and the finishing up of the new 
Church, giving us his blessings on our work, and lending the aid 
of his presence at the different important stages of its progress. 

— 35 — 

Building the New Church. 

It took the efforts of three Rectors and a conflagration before 
we succeeded in getting a new Church. Mr. Avery had talked 
new Church, as he felt the old one was not large enough for our 
needs, and in 1887 appointed a building committee, who, on 
June 1 of that year, recommended the purchase of the Wood- 
bridge lot, on which our present Church now stands. The Vestry 
approved the report of the committee, but did not authorize the 
committee to buy the property. The people were not yet ready 
for the movement, and it was allowed to rest. In the meantime, 
to partly relieve the congested condition of St. John's, the two 
Missions were organized. During Mr. Claiborne's time he talked 
new Church, and took a step forward when the Vestry, in April, 
1891, appointed a building committee, which made the same report 
as the committee in Mr. Avery's time had done. This time, how- 
ever, the Vestry not only approved, but authorized the purchase 
from Dr. Woodbridge of his lot on Wick avenue for $14,000, 
which was done, and all paid for as early as 1896. However, it 
must be considered that )i!5,000 of this sum was secured by the 
sale, in October, 1895, of the Rectory on Wood street.* Mr. Frazer 
also urged the building of a new Church, and in 1894 a commit- 
tee, consisting of J. L. Botsford, W. E. Manning and J. M. Butler, 
was appointed to arrange for a Parish meeting to talk over the 
advisability of building. This meeting was held in the basement 
of the old Church, on Friday evening, May 4, 1894, and was well 
attended by those active in Church work. The subject was thor- 
oughly discussed, and there was an unanimous opinion that we 
needed a new building, but owing to the depressed condition of 
the finances of the country, and the probable continuance of the 
same for an indefinite period, it was considered an inopportune 
time for making a serious move in that direction. A committee. 

* We are Indebted to Mr. .lames Mackey of the building conimittee for the pur- 
chase of the Woodbridge lot, which was brought about by his persistent endeavors. 

— 36 — 

consisting of M. C. McNub, Jno. M. Walter, C. II. We))b, (.:. A. 
Alexander, J. H. Nutt and James T. McKelvej, was appoint<'d to 
aet with the Vestry in arriving at some plan of action. The 
"hard times" continued, and nothing definite was done until the 
fire occurred, when a new Church not onlj^ became desirable, but 
a necessity. 

Passing of the Old Church. 

Late Saturday night, December 2f, fS95, the Church was dis- 
covered to be on fire, and before it was subdued the Vestry Eof)m 
and basement were badly damaged. The silver Communion Serv- 
ice and some of the vestments were saved by Mr. James M. Reno, 
who had his beard and eyebrows singed in the effort. The fire 
is supposed to have caught from the electric wires. The invita- 
tion of the Trustees of the Tabernacle United Presbyterian Church 
to hold our Christmas services in their Church was gladly ac- 
cepted. We were also ottered the use of the First Christian 
Church (Disciples) and the Jewish Synagogue. On December 26 
the City Commissioners condemned the C'hurch as being unsafe, 
thej'' claiming that the walls were sprung and the tower out of 
plumb. They afterwards admitted that they had been hastj^, and 
time has shown they were mistaken. The tower never was plumb, 
but was accepted by the building cf)mmittee for two reasons. 
One was, the contractor was poor, and it would have ruined him 
to have torn it down ; then the congregation was poor, and were 
unwilling to go into the expense of rebuilding it. So it stood 
for many years, not enough out of plumb to be noticed except by 
an expert. Many of the older members had forgotten about it 
until the firemen called attention to it. Fortunately we had the 
Mission Church of St. Mar3T's to use in the meantime, which en- 
abled us to keep our congregation together until we could go 
into our new building. 

On January 6, 1896, the Vestry appointed a building commit- 
tee, consisting of James Mackej^, J. L. Botsford, W. J. Hitchcock, 

— 37 — 

and Henry Tod, their first duty Ijeing to solicit subscriptions and 
ascertain if enough coidd be secured to commence building. On 
Friday evening, April 24, 189(3, a Parish meeting was held at the 
residence of Mr. and Mrs. George F. Arrel, on Lincoln avenue; 
Mr. James Rudge, Junior Warden, presiding. Others present were 
J. M. Reno, James Mackey, J. M. Butler, E. L. Ford, Henry Heedy, 
and W. E. Manning, of the Vestry; Rev. A. L. Frazer, Mr. George 
Tod, Miss Sallie Tod, Mrs. E. L. Ford, Mrs. Henry Heedy, Mrs. 
W. J. Hitchcock, Mrs. A. M. Clark, Mrs. J. L. Botsford, Mrs. Henry 
Bonnell, and Miss Sallie Reno. Mr. E. L. Ford gave a description 
and showed sketches of a Church at Bloomfield, New Jersey, 
which he had seen, as had Mrs. Arrel, Miss Tod and Mrs. Frazer. 
Photographs of other Churches were shown, but the sentiment 
prevailed that the Bloomfield C'hurch was more in line with what 
we wanted, and the architect of that Church, Mr. William Halsey 
Wood, of Newark, New Jersey, was chosen to submit plans for a 
new Church. On May 5, 1896, Mr. E. L. Ford and Mr. J. M. 
Butler were elected members of the building committee to take 
the places of Henry Tod and James Mackey, who had resigned. 
The committee met at the residence of Mr. W. J. Hitchcock, on 
June 24, 1896, and organized by electing E. L. Ford chairman and 
J. M. Butler secretary. 

At this meeting, preliminary sketches for the new Church 
were submitted by Mr. Wood, and approved. On July 6, 1896, 
the Vestry asked the building committee to consider the building 
of a Rectory and Chapel with the Church, and to that end Mr. 
Wood, the architect, prepared plans, which were accepted. When 
it came to getting bids on the work, it was found that they were 
far in excess of the estimates. The Vestry decided to refer the 
matter to the congregation, and on Monday evening, October 5, 
1S96, a Parish meeting was held at the home of Judge Arrel, at 
which time it was decided to build only the Church. On October 
20, 1896, the building committee let the contract for the basement 

— m — 

work {n Henry Niedernieier, and on April 9, 1897, the contract 
for the superstructure was let to The Heller Brothers Co. 

Removal of the Old Corner=stone. 

It had been decided by the Vestrj'- that the contents of the 
corner-stone of the old Church should be placed in the new, but 
considerable difficulty was experienced in locating the old stone. 
No one remembered the exact place. Some thought one place, 
some another, until finallj'" it was thought perhaps, in conformity 
to an ancient custom, it had been placed in the northeast corner. 
The committee acted accordingly, and by aid of some worlcmen 
soon brought to light the old box, very much the worse for its 
exposure of thirty-six years. It was of tinned iron and badly 
oxidized. The corner-stone was porous sandstone, directly under 
a water spout, and its contents were, with the exception of the 
coins, practically destroyed. Some of the papers and books could 
be identified, but were of no value to place in the new stone. 

Contents of the New Corner=stone Box. 

The Rector and Wardens arranged the contents of the new 
corner-stone box, which was of sheet copper and hermetically 
sealed. The contents were as follows: — 

1. Small Bible from St. James' Mission. 

2. Book of Common Prayer. 

3. Church Hymnal. 

4. Catalogue of Kenyon College for 1896-1897. 

5. Journal of Diocesan Convention for 1896. 

6. List of Communicants of St. John's Parish. 

7. Brief History of St. John's Parish. 

8. Copy of Mahoning Sentinel, dated May 29, 1861, giving an 
account of the laying of the corner-stone of the old Church on 
May 27, 1861. This paper was taken from the files of Mrs. John 
M. Webb (wife of the editor), by her kind permission. 

9. Copy of Daily Vindicator of May 2.3, 1897, giving history of 

10. Copy of each of the Youngstown daily papers of the date 
INIay 27, 18!J7, the " Telegram " and " Vindicator." 

11. Copy of "The Churchman." 

12. Copy of "The Church Life." 

13. Piece of corner-stone of old C'hurcli. 

14. Coins from old corner-stone box. 

IB. Proof set of silver and minor coins for 1897 direct from 

ITnited States Mint at Philadelphia. 

•IG. Copy of invitation to the corner-stone laying-. 

17. Photograph of proj^osed new Church (taken from crayon 

15. A list of the above articles was made out, sealed in a glass 
bottle and jilaced in the box. 

Every precaution was made to preserve the records of the 
Church from the ravages of time, so that future generations may 
know our early historj^. 

Secularizing of Old St. John's Church. 

May 27, 1S97, being the anniversary of tlie laying of the 
corner-stone of the old Church, it was decided to lay the corner- 
stone of the new Church on that date, and arrangements had 
been made accordingly. The program for the day's exercises was 
carried out as planned, nothing unpleasant occurring to mar any 
of the details. The day set (which was Ascension Day) proved 
to be one of the most beautiful of Spring daj^s, atmosphere clear, 
the air pure, and the Spirit of God pervading over all, making it 
like the theme of the Bishop's sermon, "A Grand Coronation." 
Members of the Parish had decorated the old building with 
flowers and plants, and with boughs of trees and leaves covered 
the burned walls of the Chancel and Vestr}' Eoom. Chairs were 
placed in the Auditorium, which were quickly filled, many per- 
sons being obliged to stand, and the old building was taxed to 
its utmost capacity. At 3:30 r. m. the C'lergy, consisting of: — 
Eev. A. L. Frazer, of St. John's C'hureh, Youngstown, Ohio, 
Rev. F. B. Avery, of St. James' Church, Painesville, Ohio, 
Rev. C. W. Hollister, of St. Paul's Church, Akron, Ohio, 

— 40 — 

Kev. Charle* O'Meara. of St. Stephen's Church, East Lirer- 
pciol, Ohio, 

ReT. A. A. Abbott, of Christ Choreh, TTarren, Ohio, and 
BeT. A. W. Mann, of Kenjon Collie, Gambier, Ohio, 
eame in proeession up the center aisle and advanced to the Chan- 
cel ; the Bishop, Bt. Bev. W. A. ILeonard, D. D., passing throngh 
the open ranks to his place. AH then knelt for a feir moments 
in silent prayer, after firhieh the choir and congregation joined 
in singing the hymn, '''Onward, Christian Soldiei^.'' As the 
second verse iras being song, the candidates for confirmation 
came for«rard and pre-ented themselves to the Bishop, ■who admin- 
istered to them the "Ordinance of Confirmation or Laving On of 
Hands."" They ivere thirty-five in nomber, three of them being 
deaf mates presented by Bev. A. W. Mann. After the confirma- 
tion serried had closed, a brief history of the Parish iras read 
by the Secretary of the Vestry. The Bishop then prononneed the 
words that changed the edifice from one consecrated to the laror- 
sMp of God to a secular stmctore. In doing so. he dwelt earn- 
estly upon the awfol sin of sacrilege, and hoped that the build- 
ing w^ould be torn down and not used for seenlar porposes. Tfis 
words were very impressive, visibly affecting many of the congre- 
gation, who loved the old bnilding that had been their '- Church 
Home '" for many years. The Bishop then directed the Beetor 
to remove the Cro^ and furnishings from the Altar and dose 
the Bible for the last time, thus ending ^e ceremony of 
seeolarizing, or deeonseeration. The people were then dismis^!d 
and went in procession to the new Church lot on Wick avenue 
by twos, in the following order : — 


J. 3J. Seno, Senior. J. M. Bntler. Junior. 


James I«. Bofsford, WiDiain M. Manning. 

3L C. MeXab, Henry ^W. Heedy. 
James T. McKelvey, Charles M. Crook. 

—41 — 

Rev. F. B. Avery, Rev. C. W. Hollister. 

Rev. C. O'Meara, Rev. A. W. Mann. 
Rev. A. A. Abbott, Rev. A. L. Frazer, Jr. 


Rt. Rev. "William A. Leonard, D. D., Bishop of Ohio. 


Rev. W. G. White, Westminster Presbyterian. 

Rev. F. Meyer, German Lutheran. 

Rev. Olsen, Swedish Congresatlonal. 

Rev. Jester, Protestant Methodist. 

Rev. Noll, German Reformed. 

Rev. J. B. Davis, Welsh Congreg-ational. 

Then came original members of the Church, as follows : — 

Mr. J. B. Wilder, Mrs. Jane M. Wilder. 

Mr. John Manning, Mrs. Anna S. Manning. 

Mrs. W. J. Hitchcock, Mrs. Sophia Manning. 

Mrs. Susan Lewis, Mr. Alex. Caufield. 

The remainder of the congregation came last. Arriving at the 
new Church lot, the Senior AVarden handed the corner-stone box 
to the Bishop, who placed it within the corner-stone, which was 
then laid with appropriate ceremony by the Bishop, assisted by 
his C;lergy, all the people uniting in repeating the Apostle's 
Creed. At the time of the hiying of the corner-stone, sixteen of 
the original members of the Parish were living ; of this number 
seven were absent. They were as follows : — 

Mr. W. J. Hitchcock, Mb. C. G. Edward.s, 

Mb. R. J. Powers, Mr. T. W. Johnson, 

Mrs. Hannah Creed, Mrs. Alex. Caufield. 

Miss Mary Smith. 

The corner-stone was placed in the northwest corner of the 
Church, and is the large, rough-hewn stone to the left of the 
North door of the vestibule as you enter the Church from 
the North aisle. It has the date 1897 upon it, and a large Cross 
in the center. 

— 42 — 

Progress on the New Church. 

Thursday afternoon and evening, Jul)' 22, 1S97, Youngstown 
was visited hj one of tlie worst storms in its liistory, and, among 
otlier things that were damaged, was the temporary bridge over 
tlie Mahoning River at Spring Common, it being completely de- 
stroj^ed. This cut our congregation off from attending at St. 
Mary's, and for a few Sundays, until the bridge was replaced 
chairs were put in the old St. John's Church and services held 
there. In the meantime, work on the new Church progressed so 
that by October, 1897, it was entirelj^ under cover. Many vexa- 
tious delays were experienced, however, such as the iron work for 
the tower, the window glass, pews, etc. The arcliitect, Mr. Wil- 
liam Halsey Wood, died March 13, 1897, and the supervising of 
the work fell to the lot of the building committee, the chairman 
of which, Mr. E. L. Ford, giving it his personal attention to such 
an extent that we may unreserA^edly say, "He took the archi- 
tect's place." His taste is shown in manj' of the details that 
were not worked out by Mr. Wood. In this Mr. Ford gave us 
the benefit of his technical knowledge and his observations of 
Churches in the Eastern States and Europe. The work on the 
basement of the Church was not quite completed when the build- 
ing committee gave the Vestry p)ermission to use it for services 
temporarily. The first part of the new Church was used on 
March 8, 1898, at which time the choir room was opened for choir 
rehearsal by Prof. Forcier and his newly organized vested choir. 

Short Lenten services were held in the Sunday School room 
on Saturday afternoon, March 12, 1898, and regular Sunday serv- 
ices the next day, March 13, 1898, and thereafter until the 

Dedication of the New Church. 

Although the Church was not quite complete in all its details, 
it was thought best to arrange for its formal opening on Sunday, 

— 43 — 

May 22, 1S9S. I'he weather the clay before had been rainy, with 
a severe hail storm in the evening, but Sunday came with clear 
shy and fresh, pure atmosphere, to help us appreciate more fully 
the beauty and glory of the occasion. 

Early Communion services were held at 8 o'clock in the morn- 
ing, at which time over one hundred communicants availed them- 
selves of the sacrament which was administered by Rev. Mr. 
Frazer. Among those who participated was our Bishop, who, in 
civilian dress, came and took his seat with the congregation. 

The regular dedication exercises took place at 10:30 a.m., and 
were conducted by the Rector, The Rev. A. L. Frazer, Jr., who, 
after the close of the morning prayer, presented a class of sev- 
enty-one persons to the Bishop for confirmation. This was one 
of the largest, if not the largest, class ever confirmed in the Dio- 
cese. After confirmation the Church was formally dedicated by 
our Bishop, The Rt. Rev. William A. Leonard, D. D., in an excel- 
lent address, which was reverently listened to bj^ an audience of 
nearly one thousand people. At this service the following musical 
program was rendered : — 

Prelude — Offertoire in D Minor . Edward Batiste 

Communion in G Major . Edivard Batinte 

(•' Pilg-rim's Song- of Hope.") 

Processional — "Ancient of Days" . . . Jeffries 

Venite— Chant No. 2 . 

Te Deum — In C . . . . . James Knox 

Benedictus— Cliant No. 97 . 

Hymn— No. 345 ...... 

Hymn— No. 369 

Anthem — "Praise ye the Father" . . . Oounod 

Retrocessional — "Jesus Meek and Gentle" 

IJ. DelC. Rider 

Posthule — Wedding- March . . . Mendelssohn 

(From "Midsummer Night's Dream.") 

At 3 o'clock in the afternoon a special service was held by 
the Sunday Schools of St. John's and St. James, which was very 
well attended bj^ young and old. 

— 44 — 
















In the evening a special clioral service was given, at wliicii 
time Bishop Leonard and Eev. Frazer addressed the Sir Knights 
of St. John's Conimandery, Knights Templar, who were in attend- 
ance in full uniform. Nearly nine hundred persons were at this 
service, which was the first full choral service ever had in our 
Parish. Mr. Frazer had thought it pleasant to hold services dur- 
ing the week, and to that end invited all former Rectors and 
Assistants to officiate each one evening, commencing on Monday, 
the 23rd. Previous engagements and illness prevented the accept- 
ance of the invitation by all but Revs. Avery and Claiborne, who 
were able to be present and address us, the former on Monday 
and the latter on Tuesday evening. On Wednesday evening our 
neighbor. The Rev. A. A. Abbott, of Christ Church, Warren, Ohio, 
favored us , with an address. All of the services were well 
attended. , . 

Qifts and Memorials. 

One of the first, perhaps the first, gift to the new Parish was 
the Baptismal Font from the wife of Bishop Bedell. She wrote 
October 21, 1863, as follows: — 

"Gentlemen of the Vestry: — I hoped to have presented to 
St. John's Church, Youngstown, on this day of its consecration, a 
small, simple, white marble font. Circumstances have prevented its 
being ready on time, but tlie sculptor promises to send it to you 
next month. I trust that all who receive from it the waters of 
baptism will have tlieir names written in the "Lamb's Book of 
Life. Respectfully, 

Julia Bedell." 

In 1874 Mrs. H. O. Bonnell gave the brass altar cross as a 
memorial of her father, A. G. Botsford. 

Mr. and Mrs. H. O. Bonnell gave the brass olfertory basins. 

Two brass altar vases were given in 1880 by Mr. Thomas G. 
Botsford, of Louisville, Kentucky. 

When the- old Church was remodeled in 1880, Mrs. Grace 
Arrel, in addition to her subscription, defrayed most of the cost 

— 45 — 

(if the Sunday S<'li(i(il room. Hur sister, Miss Siiliie Tod, p;i\ve 
tile pews I'or the Cliureh. A hrass chimdelier for the chaneei 
was given by Mrs. Samuel Maxwell, tile mother of tiie Rector. 
The fresco work was the contribution of the Rector and his wife. 
The altar, pulpit, prayer desk, and credence shelf were the gifts 
of the ditt'erent Sunday School classes and a few parishioners. The 
silver Communion Service was given in 1890 by a few parishion- 
ers, two pieces being memorials, viz.: — Tlie Datten, l)v Mr. J. M. 
Reno, in memory of his^ mother, ^Mrs. Rachel IIi-h I Iw i il I Reno, lind 
the chalice, by Mrs. Emiline Morris, in menu)r_y of her hus- 
band, Joseph Morris. 

Mr. H. O. Konnell gave the beautiful window, copied from the 
celebrated painting, "The Light of the World," by Holman Hunt. 
This window, which has been removed to the new Church, was a 
memorial to his little son, Henrj^ Scott IJonnell, and Eliza Lynn 
Botsfortl, his wife's mother. 

Most of the above gifts are still in use in the new C!hurch. 
Only those gifts that are permanent, or have some special interest, 
have been noticed. 

Gifts to New Church. 

Mrs. Mary Julia Botsford Bonnell, desiring to give a nu'niorial 
to her husband, engaged the services of Architect William Ilalsey 
Wood to design an altar and reredos. He gave his best ell'orts 
to the order, which was never completed, as he lay very ill when 
his assistant, Mr. Henry Baechlin, handed him the finished crayon 
sketch. Mr. Wood had, however, before his death, sent it on to 
Mrs. Bonnell for approval. Mrs. Bonnell enqjloyed Mr. Henry 
Baechlin to complete the design and make detail drawings, which 
he did with rare artistic skill. He also designed the pulpit and 
credence tiible, which are all in beautiful creamy white caen stone. 
The inscription on the altar and reredos is as follows: — "In 
loving memory of Henry O. Bonnell, 1839-1893." 

— 46 — 

Mrs. Bonnell also gave the furnishings for the altar. 

The credence table was given by Mrs. Bonnell in memory oi 
her brother, Jarecl Kirtland Botsford, United States Navy, who 
died in 1864. 

Mrs. Bonnell gave the pulpit in memory of her father, Archi- 
bald Grant Botsford, who died in 1870, and her brothers, John 
Edward Botsford (died 1888) and Thomas Grant Botsford (died 

The two gargoyles over the main entrance to the vestibule 
are gifts of Miss Ethel Ysabel Bonnell, youngest daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. H. O. Bonnell. 

The stained glass window in the south transept, next to that 
of Mr. Bonnell's, is the gift of Mrs. Olive S. Botsford, of Poland, 
Ohio, and is in memory of her husband, Thomas Grant Botsford, 

The widow and children of James Rudge gave to his memory 
a stained glass window, placed in the south aisle of the 

Mrs. Sophia Manning, in memory of her husband, Henry Man- 
ning, Jr., gave an entire new set of books for Church service in 
the new Church, consisting of Bible, prayer books and hymnals 
for litany desk, lectern, altar, etc, 

Trigg Brothers presented the Church with the beautiful mar- 
ble bowl which is a part of the new baptismal font. 

The hymn cards and new rack were given by the " Willing 
Workers," the girl's society. 

Through the united efforts of the ladies comprising the dif- 
ferent Church societies, enough money was raised to pay for the 
altar rail, marble rood screen, marble floor in the chancel, the 
steps to the chancel, and steps and foundation for altar and 
reredos. They also purchased cushions for the seats. 

These societies are "The Ladies' Aid," "Daughters of the 
King," and one that gave a series of "Four O'clock Teas." 

— 47 — 

Baptisms, Marriages, Etc. 

The first baptism on the records of St. John's Parish was that 
of Henry Manning, son of John and Anna Sophia Manning, June 
3, 1860, by Rev. A. T. McMurpliy. 

Tlie first baptism in the Church on "Wood street was an adult, 
Mr, Henry Onions, by Rev. Wyllys Hall, May 18, 1862. 

The first baptism in the Church on Wick avenue was on Sat- 
urday, May 21, 1898, the recipient being an adult. Miss Mary 
Natalie Wick, daughter of George D. and Mary Chamberlain Wick. 

The first confirmation class in the Parish was by Bishop 
Bedell, on May 26, 1861. Rev. A. T. McMurphy presented the 
candidates, who were Mrs. Francis Harris, Emma Lewis and Fanny 
(Harris) Johnson. They had been baptized in the Church of 

The first marriage on the Parish records was that of James 
Mackey to Mary Helen Ruggles, on Thursday, October 30, 1862, 
by Rev. Wj^llys Hall, at the residence of Dr. Henry Manning. 

The first burial in the Parish was Mrs. Emily S. Arms, wife 
of Freeman O. Arms, on June 12, 1861, by Rev. Mr. McMurphy. 
The first from the Church was that of Senior Warden Francis 
Reno, in 1864, by Rev. C. S. Abbott. 

— 48- 

o - 

< s 


S I 












Letter from the Rev. C. S. Abbott. 


BeIjIjEvii^IjE, Essex Co., N. J., Feb. 8, 1898. 

My Dear Sir: — Enclosed is the photograph you requested. I 
did not know I had one. 

I will give, as you requested, a few items concerning the organ- 
ization of Saint John's, as my private journal and memory will 
permit. There may be nothing, Iiowever, but what you already 
know. My impression is that by the Bishop's appointment, the Rev. 
Mr. McMurphy, Rector of the Parishes of Boardman and Canfield, 
was, nominally at least, in charge of tlie work. Being somewhat of 
a retiring disposition, and ratlier avoiding than seeking prominence 
for himself, partly by his action and partly because of railroad com- 
munication with Warren, I was practically as much in charge as 
he was, and, in some respects, perliaps more so. My impression is, 
that the first service out of which the organization of the Parish 
took place was held by myself. At odd intervals in former years, 
clergymen had been invited, by friends or former parishioners, to 
visit them and hold service. But there was no thought, so far as 
I know, from these ministrations, of any permanent work as their 
result. I lield service and preaclied, on tlie afternoon of Trinity 
Sunday, June 19, 1859. The Metiiodist Cliurch was kindly loaned to 
us for the service. I may have held service before this date, but 
I have no recollection of it; at any rate, this was the beginning of 
the Church movement. It was understood that this was a positive 
effort looking to permanence, and from this time on the work was 
not allowed to cease. I would say here that the work was an as- 
sured success from the start. The Youngstown people, both Church- 
men and others, felt this way, and it must be added here, as a 
testimony of the Christian character and good feeling of our friends 

— 49 — 

wlio do not walk witli us, tliat there was no jealousy manifested, 
and, although tliey knew that tlie organization of an Episcopal 
C'liurc'h meant to them a loss of some valuable members of their 
congregations, they loaned us willingly their Churches to thus take 
away a part of their strength. After a few Sundays, for some rea- 
son which I do not rememlier, our services commencing in the 
Methodist, were held in the Presbyterian Church. 

On Thursday night, July 7, Mr. McMnrphy and myself took the 
incipient steps towards organizing the Parish. The meeting was 
held in a small frame building, session room, I think it was called, 
on the grounds of and belonging to the Presbyterian Church. The 
Youngstown paper, the name of which I cannot recall, published 
the following notice of this meeting: — 


"A meeting of persons friendly to the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church was held Thursday evening (7th inst.), at 
which it was resolved to organize a Parish in this place. 
The Canons of the Church require the signatures of twenty 
persons favorable thereto before a Parish can be formed. 
We understand the committee for that purpose has ob- 
■ tained more than the requisite number. An organization 

would doubtless be advantageous in furthering the inter- 
ests of the Church here, as at present it is the proper 
business of no person to look after them, except in an 
individual capacity. An invitation was extended to Rev. 
Messrs. McMurphy and Abbott to preach here as often 
as practicable. These gentlemen, being present, announced 
that they would preach and conduct services once in 
two weeks. Rev. Mr. McMurphy on the first Sunday, and 
Rev. Mr. Abbott on the third Sunday of every month 
until further notice. A committee was appointed to take 
into consideration the practicability of providing a place 
for worship. There was a general desire expressed for 
soine place exclusively their own, though a universal 
exijression of gratitude was manifested towards other 
Churches for past favors in this way. The meeting ad- 
journed subject to call, which will probably be announced 
next Sunday. Rev. Mr. Abbott will preach next Sunday 
at the Methodist Episcopal Church at 3 p. m." 

This arrangement lasted until Rev. Wyllys Hall became Rector. 

On Tuesday, November 29, Bishop Bedell visited Youngstown, I 
accompanying him. On Friday, December 9, the organization of the 
Parish was completed, at a meeting at which I was present and 
.presided. I do not know if your present Church is on the site of 

— 60 — 

the first one. It was a beautiful location on tlie top of tlie liill, 
on tlie edge of a very pretty tract of woodland, which I suppose 
you have spoiled by removing tlie trees, opening streets, and build- 
ing houses. The plan selected for the Church was at the suggestion 
of Mr. Jewell, being that of a wooden building planned by the 
Architect Upjohn, which was located at Sodus Point, Western New 
York, his former home, I believe. Lil?:e all adoptions of a building 
designed for one locality, erected in a different locality, and without 
consulting the architect as to alterations, and withal built of dif- 
ferent material, it was of course architecturally deficient. However, 
you all know what it was, and its defects in a Churchly point of 
view, both inside and outside. Nevertheless I do not propose to 
criticize; it looked very neat and tasty, and we all were pleased 
at having a settled habitation and home. It is with great pleasure 
I recall the dear old friends who welcomed me to their homes with 
open hearts. I can see them all now, although most of them, I 
presume, are in Paradise, while those who are on earth must be as 
greatly clianged as I am myself. One of the blessings of the future 
will loe resuming old friendships and loves, taking up the threads 
of life where death had broken them. We laid foundations in faith, 
we saw the building in hope. We liave lived long enougii to know 
that the foundations were well and wisely laid, and tliat the build- 
ing is advancing to its completion. 

I do not suppose but few of your congregation know anything 
about me., I send most hearty congratulations on the completion of 
your new Church. I invoke for you the highest blessings of God's 
grace. Generation after generation passes away, but all form but 
one body. One' enters into the labors of another, but, after all, the 
work and its results are the joint product of all. As God has been 
with you in the past, so may He be witli you for all time. 

Faithfully your friend, 

C. S. Abbott. 

— 51- 

Sermon on Easter Sunday, 

April 10, 1S9S. 


" Fear not ye, Jor I know that ye seek Jesus, which was cruci- 
fied. He is not here, for He is risen." 

— St. Matt., is: .5-6. 

YES, the glad news is borne down through the centuries, "He 
is risen." Our King has proved Himself the rightful sov- 
ereign. He rules all things. The last enemy of man has 
been vanquished. Death no longer reigns supreme, no longer does 
he hold in thrall the people of the earth. His reign has been 
broken, for the Death Conquerer has come, and has proved His 
everlasting victory. The history of the life of Christ upon earth 
closes with a miracle as great as that of its beginning. It may 
be said that the one casts light upon the other. If He was what 
the Gospel represents Him, He must have been born of a pure 
virgin, without sin, and He must have risen from the dead. If 
the story of His birth be true, we can believe the resurrection ; 
if that of His resurrection be true, we can believe that of His 
birth. The resurrection is the keystone of the arch. In His life 
upon earth we start with the incarnation. He was born of a 
virgin, the arch is reared and ends with the ascension, and the 
keystone is the resurrection. This arch, beautiful in its symmetry, 

— 52 — 

rears itself proudly and grandly, finished and capped with the 
resurrection. This is the entrance into the Holy of Holies, this 
is the way of life, this it is which beautifies and adorns the 
C'hristian Church, the very center and being of the Church, tliat 
which holds the building in its perfectness and gives it grandeur 
and perfection. To us of the congregation there is a beautiful 
significance in the Easter Day. Our new life is begun. We have 
longed, and waited, and hoped, but the day has come at last. 
The sun of righteousness has shown with brilliant light, full of 
life and activity, in the dawning of a brighter day. How much 
alike are those two great daj's in the world's history, Christmas 
and Easter day. lilach one speaks of life, new life. Each has its 
lesson of growth, activity, and development. Each is ushered in 
with glad refrain from Heaven, with God's good news to man. 
For at each, Grod's ministering angels convey to man the glorious 
tidings of good things. On Christmas it is the angels that say 
to men, "Fear not, for behold I bring you good tidings of great 
joy," and at Easter angelic messengers say, "Fear not, for I 
know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified. He is not here, 
for He is risen." The C^hristmas message comes to a waiting and 
expectant world, lying in sin and desiring a Savior. The Easter 
message comes to a despondent people, who had looked for great 
things, but had been disappointed in their hopes, despondent, 
doubting, almost desperate. Gloom and dark despair filled the 
hearts of the little band which had companied with Jesus for 
three years. The dark clouds of death had settled as a pall, on 
that Friday many centuries ago, on the hearts and minds of the 
Disciples and friends of Jesus. Their activities had ceased, their 
growth had stopped suddenly. Like the Winter blast upon the 
vegetation of the earth life had ceased its energizing force, a 
benumbing cold had taken hold upon the heart and mind, death 
had come. But it was not to hold its reign so long that ener- 
gizing life could not come back. The three short daj's, so long 

— 63 — 

to those who waited, had not utterly killed all life. The Sun of 
life had only to cast his first full beams upon the nature of 
men's hearts to bring back life, and to startle the world into 
newer and greater activities and growth. The news that Jesus 
lives was as startling to the Disciples as to us. It was too good 
to be true. They could not understand it, even after they had 
been with Him, and had seen the many wonderful works He per- 
formed. It was marvelous, in their eyes. They had witnessed 
His death, and had known of His burial ; their hearts had gone 
down into the grave with Him. They had not the heart to fab- 
ricate any theor}', nor would tliey have had the boldness or the 
means to foist upon the suspicious Jews, who, no doubt, were 
watching every movement, both at the tomb where Jesus lay and 
the Disciples themselves. Then, too, we must remember that the 
Roman soldierj' was on the side f>f the Jewish authorities, and 
not with the Disciples. So that any theory started by the ad- 
herents of Jesus, which was not true, would have met with instant 
denial, and with such repressive measures as to have stopped the 
work of the Disciples once and forever. Men loved life in those 
days as they do now, and men today do not give up life for false 
ideas. One great fault with those who stumble at this marvelous 
work of God is that they do not grant unto the men of those 
days the feelings and dispositions which are common to man. 
They are not willing to project themselves back in their minds 
to those days; they are not willing to give the men of those 
days the credit they themselves would desire under like circum- 
stances. To realize the feeling of the Disciples of our Lord at 
the time of the resurrection, we must put ourselves back in their 
place. We must in our minds enact the great scenes of Good 
Friday. We must recall their hopes, as they mounted up at each 
progressive step in the active life of Christ, and then we must 
see those hopes dashed to the ground by the death upon the 
Cross. We must recall that these men had been under the 

— 64 — 

moral and spiritual instrviction of Jesus, who is the Truth, and 
who would not countenance lying, deception and hypocrisy. How 
can we even for a moment accept any other hypothesis than the 
truth, that the Disciples believed the resurrection, and that their 
belief was founded upon fact ? Then, too, God sends His own 
message by His own appointed messenger, an angel. This was 
the most unique, the grandest, episode in the life of humanity. 
All its surroundings were necessarily strange, but it was only the 
fulfillment of all that had been said regarding the Messiah in 
the Old Testament, and is the only natural outcome of all that 
belonged to Him who is the Resurrection and the Life. If Jesus 
is God, then death could not hold Him. If we believe He had 
power to give life to others, then surely He has power to give 
life unto Himself. It is not as though this was unforseen by 
Him, for many times. during his ministry he spake of it to the 
Apostles. The most significant of these sayings, and that of 
which He was accused by the Jews, was, "Destroy this temple, 
and in three days I will raise it up." And St. John, writing 
long after the resurrection, saj's, "But he spake of the temple of 
His body." The message of the angel is full of the deepest and 
most significant meaning. It conveys to us who are following 
the life of (!hrist the lessons of comfort and hope, but also those 
of activity, growth, and development. Where there is life there 
is not only hope, but activity and growth. And the (Christian 
Church, with its enormous influence, is today the greatest proof 
of the resurrection of Christ, for, as we have said, the resurrec- 
tion is that which finishes and holds the great temple of God to- 
gether, the building not made with hands eternal in the Heavens. 
St. Paul's great argument on the resurrection is most pointed: — 
" Now if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and 
your faith is also vain ; yea, and we are found false witnesses of 
God, because we have testified of God that He raised up Christ, 
whom He raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not." The 

— 65 — 

resurrecticm was the sum and substance (if the preaching of the 
Apostles. This was the center out from wliich radiated, the great 
thought of Christian life. ■ If this were not true, then the mes- 
sage was vain, empty, a mere assortment of words and phrases 
without a soul ; a doctrine which, if it could be called a doctrine, 
was devoid of all that entitled it to command the attention of 
human beings. As the resurrection is life out of death, so the 
Christian influences are giving life to palsied and dead impulses. 
We have only to compare the energy in morals and spiritual life 
today, with those of some centuries ago, to see the activities of 
the Christian (Jhurch. The writer of " Gesta Christi " uses the 
following words: — "There are certain practices, principles, and 
ideals, now the richest inheritance of the race, that have been 
im])lanted, or stimulated, or supported, by Christianity. They 
are such as these : Regard for the personality of the weakest 
and poorest; respect for woman; the absolute duty of each mem- 
ber of the fortunate classes to raise up the unfortunate ; human- 
ity to the child, the prisoner, the stranger, the needy, and even 
the truth; unceasing opposition to all forms of erueltj^, oppression, 
and slavery ; the duty of personal purity, and the sacredness of 
marriage; the necessitj^ of temperance; the obligation of a more 
equitable division of the profits of labor, and of greater co-opera- 
tion between the employer and employed ; the right of every 
human being to have the utmost opportunity of developing his 
faculties, and of all persons to enjoy equal political and social 
privileges; the principle that the injury of one nation is the 
injury of all, and the expediency and duty of unrestricted trade 
and intercession between all countries; and finally, and princi- 
pally, a profound opposition to war, a determination to limit its 
evils when existing, and to pirevent its arising by means of inter- 
national arbitration." These words convey to us, in some meas- 
ure, the great work accomplished by the C'hristian Church as it 
has advanced the ideas of energizing life and growth, which are 

— 56 — 

founded and depend upon the resurrection of our Lord and Mas- 
ter, Jesus Christ. The work of Christ was not finished after His 
death; rather it was just begun; and this is the great lesson of 
hope for us who remain. Death does not end all ; rather it opens 
the way to better and greater work. God teaches us this lesson 
in Nature. At this season of the year all Nature is alive. Its 
greatest activities come in the Spring, after the rest in Winter's 
grasp. The trees and shrubs send their sap into the fartherest 
twig to give them life and growth. The seeds swell and burst in 
preparation for their greater work of usefulness and beauty. And 
so the soul, after death, prepares for its greater work of useful- 
ness and beauty, the verj;- beauty of holiness and service. But 
what was true of our Lord after the resurrection, and of Nature 
as it wakes at Spring, and of the soul in its rehabilitation at the 
great day of resurrection, is equally true of the Church, corpor- 
ately and individually. The Church must rise out of its lassitude 
and inertness into greater effort. Each year, each day, brings it 
greater growth and its higher duties. There are more souls to be 
saved, better lives to live, more work to be done in arousing con- 
science, more influence to be exerted in moral and spiritual direc- 
tions. The world is not as it should be, and can be; much more 
of the spirit of the Master can be used by the world. God's will 
is not yet done on earth, as it is in Heaven. For all these rea- 
sons the resurrected life and energy must be instilled into the 
world by the Church, and this is to be done by the efforts of 
the individual. Man must assume the life energy of the Risen 
Christ. The angel messengers say to us this day, "Fear not, for 
I know ye seek Jesus, which was crucified." He is not in the 
grave of death; death hath no power to hold Him, for He is 
risen, and man can return the thrilling answer, "Yes, He is risen, 
indeed." My heart bnrus within me as I feel His risen life 
urging me on to greater effort, to larger spiritual growth, to more 
activity. And we have a double reason to rejoice on this glad 

— 57 — 

Easter Day. The seed scattered here some forty years ago has 
grown; the Church, with its Apostolic ministry, its grand liturgy, 
its historic creed, its blessed sacraments, has been growing slowl}' 
and surely. Like her blessed Lord, the Church here has been 
active in good works. She has been shedding her beauty and 
fragrance, her influence has been felt even beyond the congrega- 
tion, and she is now budding more and more. The petals are 
opening, and soon we shall enjoy the beauty of full bloom. This 
Easter Day shows us what activity and energy can do. We have 
taken a long step as we have come into our new building. As 
the resurrected life of our Lord and Savior meant newer activi- 
ties, as it brought joy and gladness out of doubt and almost 
despair to the Apostles, and awakened them to the grandeur and 
beauty, — yes, and to the responsibility, — of the better work and 
growth, so this glad Easter Dajr brings the same to us. We, too, 
have reared a building beautiful in its arches and tower. Self- 
sacrifice and devotion have brought the stones together ; archi- 
tecture has lent her aid, and the builders have acted upon her 
plans; a wise, untiring committee has superintended the work, 
and today we rejoice, and soon our hearts will be even more 
tuneful with the glad thanksgivings that we have risen to a 
newer and a stronger life. As the resurrection was the keystone 
of the arch of life of our Master, so is our new Church, with all 
its beauty, its symmetrj^, its opportunities for grander, more 
solemn service, the keystone of our Church life here. We, too, 
are building an edifice not made with hands eternal in the 
Heavens. The souls we bring to God are the stones that shall 
raise this building to greater and grander proportions. The great 
Architect of the Universe has given us the plans to work with. 
God the Holy Ghost is directing and guiding the builders. Self- 
sacrifices, devotion, convictions, the certitude of our right in the 
Apostles' doctrine, the Creed, the Apostles' fellowship, the his- 
toric Episcopate and ministry, the breaking of bread, the 

— 58 — 

blessed saerament, and the prayers, the gi-and liturgy and 
true love for God, the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost, — 
all these have and will have their influence in making the 
temple of God grander and greater than the former temple. 
As the Church of Christ has grown and developed since that first 
resurrection morn, when darkness and death were dispelled, and 
the angel announced the rising of Jesus from the dead; as the 
whole world has been reanimated and vivified by a new life 
under a new covenant sealed by the shed blood of Christ on 
Calvary's Mount; as the individual life has been started into new- 
resolves and impulses; as it has proclaimed its belief in the risen 
Christ, so must this branch of Christ's Church, inspired and vig- 
orated, enlightened and enthused by the glorious lesson of Easter's 
hope, thrill and expand, grow and develop, and show the beauty 
of holiness in this greater temple of God. We have passed 
through our chrysalis stage; we have burst out from the shell 
that has held us, into a fuller, more glorious life. But this must 
not be a mere transitory life ; it must be sustained and continu- 
ous, it must have growth and development. The animating life 
of our Master must have taken such a hold upon us that we will 
never relinquish our endeavor, but shall go from strength to 
strength. This means much striving, much endeavor, sometimes 
heart-aches and disappointments, but still endeavor. But so was 
it with our Master before the crucifixion and death, so was it 
with the Apostles and Saints and Martyrs after the resurrection. 
And yet the blessing has come, and will come. We have entered 
into their work, and more shall enter into ours. The animating 
principle of life never dies ; that is why we have the resurrec- 
tion ; and so, if it is implanted in us, we must live up to it. 
And here another thought occurs. We must live up to the full- 
ness of life. Our building here is the fullness of our hopes, even 
though at times those hopes were deferred, and we must live up 
to it. Its beauty and symmetry rdust make us strive more for 

— 59 — 

the beauty of holiness and the symmetry of life. Its arches must 
resound with the fervor and spirit of our true worship ; its altar 
must be that vipon which we are to place the sacrifices of our 
hearts and minds, our gifts to God for God's uses, consecrated 
and holy, and from which we are to receive God's gracious and 
loving gifts to us, brought by the sacrifice made once for all in 
the broken body and shed blood of our dear Lord. It is not to 
be the tomb of a dead Christ, or of dead issues and promises, 
but the living temple of the living God, out of whose depths 
must go the hopeful, animating message, " Christ is risen from 
the dead." We must be God's messengers to bear the glad news 
to sin-sick, troubled and doubting hearts, but we must first re- 
ceive the message from God's throne and in God's temple, and 
then go out with the strength of the risen Christ, and take the 
strength and life to many people. It is a glorious life, this risen 
life of Christ, — pure, true, holy, manly, as it comes from Him 
who is the resurrection and the life, — and it is ours, ours this 
day and forevermore. It is ours to make this life felt in the 
world ; it is ours to show its beauty and its power, its activity 
and growth. Think what God hath wrought for us, how glori- 
ously His promises have been fulfilled for us. And now Easter 
Day brings to us words to remember. He is risen. He is alive 
forevermore. Life is growth, and activity, and development. 
Let these be our words and ideals for all time to come. Let 
nothing daunt us, let nothing hinder, but let us press onward and 
upward past the disappointments, doubts, despairings, past the 
Cross, past the grave, into the light that shines with immortal 
and unending brightness upon the great temple of God, whose 
foundation is Christ, capping the towering arch of His glorious 
life with the resurrection, whose stones laid upon it are the 
Saints, Apostles, Mart3a-s through the ages, truly a building not 
made with hands, but glorious in its beauty of holiness and 

— 60 — 

Rt. Rev. Wm. A. Leonard, D. D. 

Bishop of Ohio. 

' ' '- . Address of 

Rt. Rev. William A. Leotiard, D. D., 

Bishop of Ohio. 


IHARBLY know how, my dear friends, to express my apprecia- 
tion of what you have done, for what God has permitted you 
to do, and for what He has helped you to do. My heart is 
very full today with fair remembrances, and with an appreciation 
of the advance that has been made, and with anticipations for 
the future of things which I believe our Lord has in store for 
you in this city and Parish. 

I am very thankful, indeed, to my brother, the Rector of this 
Church, and I know that his heart, too, is pverflowing today, as 
yours must be, with gratitude for the benediction that has come; 
because of the answers to many prayers, and because of the ful- 
fillment of our earnest desires. 

I am thankful to this congregation, its Wardens and Vestry- 
men, for their vigor, for the unity of their effort and its purpose. 
I am thankful to every man, and every woman, and every child 
in this Parish for the carrying forth of this great undertaking in 
the name of the Lord ; and it is in His name, and it is for His 
glory, that we built these strong foundations and nplifted these 

— 61 — 

noble walls, in order that this may be, as we know it is and will 
be, a " Sermon in Stone." 

It is a peculiar venture, and it is an unusual experiment, in 
this country, to build a Church like this, but the experiment is a 
perfect success ; and I feel so thankful to our Father, and I feel 
so thankful to His children, and to those who have from day to 
day had relationship with it; who have watched the placing of 
every stone, the placing of every timber, and the induction of 
every feature ; and I am so thankful to my Father, and to you, 
for that which is this day permitted in His holy name. And now 
may I ask you to listen for a few moments to a few words 
which I trust may not be inappropriate at this time. 

The second chapter of the Prophet of Haggai, seventh verse, 
is a great promise of good concerning His temple: — "I will fill 
this house with glory, saith the Lord of Hosts." Same Prophet, 
ninth verse: — "The latter glory of this house shall be greater 
than the former, and in this place will I give peace, saith the 
Lord of Hosts." 

The venerable Projihet, beholding from afar the coming of the 
Prince to His Kingdom, announces the hope that was set before 
the Hebrews, and the ultimate accomplishment of all that thej' 
and their forefathers had prayed for and anticipated. 

It was at least five hundred years before the incarnation of 
the Son of God, and, in order that he might comfort the people, 
and inspire them with fidelity and hopefulness, Haggai utters 
these words of brightness and of precious promise. 

Thej^ had rebuilt the broken walls, and upreared the pillars, 
and opened the porches, and erected again the altars of Jehovah 
in old Jerusalem. Wars and captivities and national depressions 
had distressed and disciplined them. The great and glorious 
Fane which Solomon had built had been overthrown and demol- 
ished. The fires upon the tables of sacrifice had long been 
quenched; the Priests and Levites had been without a proper 

— (52 — 

sanctuary for their ceremonial rites and splendid worship. Re- 
ligion itself had failed to exercise its benignant force, and God 
had visited His children with merited punishments. But now the 
new temple was completed, and the expectant multitudes, with 
earnest desires, besought the nearer relation of God to themselves. 
And then it was that the white-haired seer, commissioned of the 
Most High to make known His will, gives forth this prophecy of 
the Divine Presence, and of the indwelling glorj', and of Peace. 
And I doubt not but that, with the completion of the sacred 
ceremonies attendant upon the opening of this Temple of Zeru- 
babel, the Governor of Judah, that the radiant Shekinah eame 
within the Holy Precincts and filled the whole place with its 
heavenly light, just as it did when Solomon's Temple was dedi- 
cated, hovering over the new mercy seat, indicating to the Israel- 
ite, by its visible refulgence and luminosity, the immediate con- 
tact of God and His continued association and indwelling, if 
they would but obey His commandments and accomplish His 

The Church of God is always expectant; and the conscious 
presence of the Most High within her tabernacle is the assurance 
of her advancement, increase, and final victory. Under an earlier 
dispensation, this sign and testimony was like unto the pillar of 
cloud and smoke — ever leading on, ever pointing forward to 
something better, some land of promise, some larger outlook, some 
advancement and conquest that would bring comfort and rest. 
And the temple itself was but the visible type, the material 
prophecy and parable, reminding the pious Prophet and the rev- 
erent Jew of a greater Kingdom, of an extended dominion, of an 
universal empire of truth and righteousness — a halc3'on time and 
a golden age — when the glory of Heaven should fill all the 
spaces with its atmosphere of beneficence, as the lapsing days of 
spiritual triumph should move on in gladsome processions of vic- 
tory; when God's peace should be abounding among men, and 

— 63 — 

the knowledge of the Lord should cover the earth, as the whelm- 
ing waters fill and cover the seas. And the light has never gone 
out, because it is an undying light, and the promise and prophecy 
have ever remained to encourage and buoy up the faithful ; and 
the seer continues to cry from his vantage ground of penetrative 
vision, and the Church is expectant and militant, pushing for- 
ward her legionaries, eager for her spoils; and her hostages, 
beholding the light of God, confident of the outcome. And 
though it change its phase, or be obscured because of sin and 
disobedience, yet, I repeat, the Light shines for those whose eyes 
are undimmed, — a burning bush, a column of supernal glow, . a 
lightning fire on Sinai's top, a mellow flush of Shekinah near- 
ness, a star hanging lustrous over Bethlehem, a manifestation of 
the fullness of the Godhead on Mt. Tabor, or tongues of lambent 
flame at Pentecost. The Light never dies out, but shines, and, its 
increment of heat and illumination, and life, is ever more and 
more, even unto the perfect day of God's own millennial consum- 

I do not know of any better thought to bring to j'ou, my 
dear friends, on this joyous day of Parish festal and Parish jubi- 
lation, than the thought that present advancement is the future 
assurance of growth and larger increase of spiritual life, secured 
from contact with the Divine indwelling. 

This scripture read in your ears does not intend to make com- 
parisons between the past and present so much as to point you 
gladly to the possible future, and to j^our part in the making of 
that future. The theme is big with promise, and buoj^ant with 
God's hope, as it confidently announces that He who hath begun 
a good work in faith yet shall continue it, adding glory to glory, 
and granting the peace which passeth understanding. And yet, 
we may predicate somewhat upon the story of the past. We 
may go forward into our duty, and our conflict, stimulated bj^ the 
example of the wise and good who have preceded us, and we 

— 64 — 

may start where they (the Fathers) left off; and remembering 
what thejr did for Christ, and also remembering them today at 
the altar before God in humble thankfulness, we may seize upon 
our inheritance as children of the Kingdom, and so become par- 
takers here of the revealed glorj^, and enter ultimately with them, 
into its warmth and satisfying light. 

We are gathered together here today as children of a common 
household. We stand on holy ground, as from this point we look 
backward into the past, replete with hallowed memories and 
crowded with visions of saints, and of pilgrims, and of disciples 
of our Christ, whom we admired and loved, while we hear the 
Prophet's cry of promise, and look forward to the blessed and 
full harvesting of souls that shall under His oversight be gath- 
ered in. And the wondrous enlightenment of the ancient servant 
of Jehovah is in a sense being repeated for us, as we behold the 
mountain side thick with the ranks of the hosts that will fight 
God's battles of truth with us; or we feel the stronger throbs of 
our pulse beats, as with St. Paul we realize that we are sur- 
rounded in this Parish today with such a cloud of witnesses — 
such a great congregation of holy men and devoted women, of 
blessed children and rejoicing j'ouths and maidens, in the amphi- 
theatre of rest Christ hath granted them, — that we fain would 
gird up the loins of our endeavor and "run with patience the 
race that is set before us," "looking unto Jesus," as they did 
when they struggled for holy masteries, looking ever unto Him 
who is the author and finisher of the C!hristian's faith. 

The past history of this Church and congregation is the pre- 
sage for its future. It has stood here on these green hills, over- 
looking your winding river, in the midst of a great toiling and 
industrious community, ministering to the poor and the rich alike. 
It has been a religious center and home, in which the ancient 
verites have been regularly and faithfully taught, and the holy 
sacraments have been rightly ministered. Its children today rise 

— 65 — 

up and call it blessed, and this entire community will, I am con- 
fident, pay its tribute of gratitude. This Church has reared 
noble sons and loving daughters, and, whether they be in the 
flesh or in the Land of Light, this festal is one in which all join 
as in a full-voiced Te Deum. This Parish, too, has been singu- 
larly fortunate in its Pastors; they have been men of pious con- 
versation and consistent living, and they have been faithful as 
stewards and diligent as Priests. And they, too, this day, — one 
in Paradise (Rev. Mr. Maxwell), some in other parts of the 
earthly vineyard, with our brother beloved (would that 1 might 
with propriety speak in this presence of his loyal, patient, steady, 
loving labors), — these shepherds of this flock, are devoutly rejoic- 
ing in the approval of the Great Shepherd and King. For the 
light that illumined the pathway of the past has taken on new 
brightness and enlarged the circumference of its radiance, and it 
is burning with the increased glory of the Most High, who hath 
condescended to have His dwelling among men. And, beloved 
people of St. John's, my well-tried friends and helpers, I am mak- 
ing no empty prognostication, when I assert that your future 
accomplishment for God, and for man, through j^our Parish agen- 
cies, will perforce be nobler, and wider reaching, and more loving, 
than ever before. Because I know the reason for your present 
gladness. I know that all your prayers, and anxious endeavors, 
and ingenious methods, and never flagging work, and your gener- 
ous self-denying gifts for the building of this beautiful House of 
Prayer, this Gate of Heaven, are laid at your Master's feet 
gladly, in order that you may do Him the greater honor. Not 
for a mere civic ambition, not simply to have a larger or a bet- 
ter structure, but for God's glory; for the more effective instruc- 
tion of the people; for the more acceptable machinery with which 
to do pious work; for the blessing of those who are to succeed 
you; for the symbolizing, here in the eyes of the world, the per- 
manency and stability of your lieloved Church; for these reasons 

— 66 — 

have you struggled and laboi-ed, and let us praise God that He 
hath given you such a good mind and will. And the glory of 
the Most High is come into this House. He will increase its 
forceful power, and these latter days will be glad with His pres- 
ence and His peace. And, mjr brethren, this rebuilded Temple, 
with its manifest improvements, its added convenience, its more 
substantial and statelj^ edifice, its more ornate and beautiful be- 
holdings, is illustrative of the present status of our Catholic 
heritage in this land of intelligence, and, I think, prophetic of 
the days that are nigh at hand. The outlook of the Parish is 
typical of the outlook of the Church. I say this not in the spirit 
of criticism, but in the mind of love, because the extended inves- 
tigation that is now being given by the unjirejudiced, and by the 
thoughtful Christians of all sorts and names, to the Church's 
claim to Apostolicity, her careful guardianship and unwearying 
interpretation of Holy Scriptures, her stern, un3Tielding hold on 
the unchangeable faith, her pure sacramental teaching and prac- 
tice, must eventuate in the acceptance of her gracious care for 
the souls of the multitudes who look for peace. 

The story of the Clhurch's struggle in this country, against 
the political embarrassments that followed the Revolutionar}^ War, 
and with the strong Puritan and Dutch constituencies in New 
England and New York, is a page of most interesting and 
instructive history. 

From 1776 to 1830 this branch of God's Church seemed to be 
but a despised sect of Nazarenes, and it has taken each of the 
years since 1830, — years of quietness, and confidence, and faith, — 
to bring her life into that kind of touch with the general life of 
our great land, that will approve to all men the superior beauty 
and value of her system, when so many rival systems have flour- 
ished. I believe that I am correct in stating, that in our great 
Eastern cities and centers of power and thought, it is not Roman- 
ism, nor Methodism, nor Presbyterianism, whose masters and whose 

-67 — 

intiuences predfiminnte, but that the Anglo-Catholic Church — our 
American Episcopal Chureli — is the most potential factor in con- 
trolling and in molding public and private opinion. So that 
today, rising into the rich and strong glow of this closing cen- 
tury and standing against the background of the past, our 
previous Church is found in the presence of all the religious 
communities, — calmlj', majesticallj^, lovingly, — with her hands 
stretched out, offering a bond of unity and of peace, which 
already is bringing to her the approval and the. glory of her 
God. And I see this leaven of Catholic truth and order, work- 
ing in the seething heterogeneous mass of our Western life. No 
soil could have been more suitable for sectism ; rich' and .alluvial, 
the seeds of separation and of independence found in it a warm, 
congenial place for their prolific v^rorking, until at least one hun- 
dred and fifty opposing ecclesiastical bodies are reported by our 
Bureau of Census. Into that restless, almost uncontrollable civili- 
zation our Church has quietly made her way. She stirs up no 
unwholesome excitements. She has no mission of fanaticism or of 
radicalism, but as a conserver of truth, and a peace-giving, ten- 
der, helpful friend. She has been, and is, content to patiently 
labor, ever presenting the faith and sacraments, and never falter- 
ing in her walk and work. I can see what the outcome will be, 
— nay, more, what it is already, — and, with no optimistic vision, 
can readily foretell for the West the latter glory of this Church's 
service; "in quietness and confidence shall be j^our strength," 
and sometimes it is even "strength to sit still," and you and I 
must be content with the fact of our own duty well done, leaving 
issues unto Him who sitteth over all, our God forever. 

The late Archbishop Taite of Canterbury was wont to say, 
that during his ministry he had seen the Church pass through 
many crises, unscathed and unharmed, and that "we have much 
need for something changeless, to rest upon in these changeful 
and ever anxious times." And this is a characteristic of the 

— 68 — 

Church; changeless, because she is the Body of fMirist; not un- 
wieldy iron and mechanical, but changeless as to her foundations, 
her deposit of unvarying truth, " not blown about by every wind 
of doctrine," yet adaptable and accommodating to the times, and 
the ever-shifting, changing moods of the generations. What a 
solid comfort comes to the devout Churchman as he realizes this. 
He finds that opinions of men, and of factions and parties, vary, and 
are set aside as obsolete and worn out and of no further use ; he 
sees governments rising, flourishing, decaj'ing, and dead; he notes 
the remarkable diversity in literary styles and standards, all the 
way down from Chaucer to Tennyson; he regards the mutability 
of that code which in each generation attempts to criticize art 
and her masters and pupils; he is amazed at the constant fluctua- 
tions, the recurrent ebbs and flows, of the rules of science. And 
then he turns to the Church and finds her ever the same; just 
like his mother; older, it is true, than when he climbed on her 
knee ; wiser, riper, fitter for another world, but the same dear 
mother, and friend, and guide ; teaching the same creeds, reading 
the same Bible, refreshing souls with the same sacraments, and 
ministering by the same Apostolic hands to her loving children. 
It is one of her marks by which she is known and may be found, 
and differentiated from a community which hesitates not to add 
wilfully and freely to the venerable symbols of the primitive 
Church, on the one side, and from such schools and societies of 
religious thought which impatiently throw off rightful authority, 
and cast away essentials, on the other side. And this oneness of 
the Church we love, this steadiness and unswervingness that holds 
her, and holds us, through the ages to the ancient things "once 
for all time delivered to the Saints"; this it is which, perhaps 
more than anything else^ is attracting the study and admiration 
of many men. Sometimes we grow restive under this slowness of 
our Church's development; I confess that I do, as I see her com- 
pelled to wait aside, perhaps humiliated, as the more brilliant and 

— 69 — 

noisier pageants go by. We are troubled with the desire for 
numerical power; we are prone to study columns of comparative 
statistics, and to reckon the value of our ecclesiastical inherit- 
ance by the showing of other apparently more vigorous associa- 
tions of religious people. But this is the nature of sin. Moses 
hankered after a census of Israel, and numbered the people, and 
found some satisfaction in it, but it cost him the joy of his soul, 
and God forbade his entering into the promised land. You and 
I, ni}^ brothers, have nothing to do with results ; we have but to 
work and pray; you and I have no right to fret and worrjr over 
small confirmation classes, or small congregations, or meagre 
attendance on Holy Communions. We have but to toil, to keep 
the instruments of labor bright with use, to plant and to water, 
and to wait for the increase from God. He it is who is responsi- 
ble, reverently speaking, for results, because He may see fit to 
withhold the harvests and the reapage of souls. For us, 
the arduous, never ceasing, contented, hopeful, faithful, daily 
round of obligation is set, and our only anxiety, our only scrutiny, 
is to know that we are true, and earnest, and tireless, and con- 
stant, and unremitting. And so we must not be at all anxious 
about our Church's progress; we must not have a doubt on that 
score. We must the rather learn the lesson of " abiding God's 
time," and hope for an entering in upon the larger fields of oppor- 
tunity that are ahead. I would have clergy and laity alike so 
positive in their confidence as to the ultimate mission of our 
Church to this intelligent, strong human life all abf)ut us, so 
absolutely filled with a hope that is based upon a knowledge of 
the (Church charter, her historic continuity of life, reaching back 
of this young American constituency, back of English transmis- 
sions, back of reformations, back of Papal identification, back of 
St. Augustine and Kent, back of Aries and St. Albans, back to St. 
John and to Jesus Christ, that the look forward is aglow with 
the fulfillment of the Prophet's vision, and resplendent with the 

— 70 — 

promise of the Lord Himself. And that onward gaze to each 
should show the latter glory to be greater than anything the 
Fathers dreamed of; a glory filling the Church and the nation, 
bringing contentment to united Christians of every name, the 
harmonious dwelling together of brethren; this the "peace that 
passeth understanding." And, finally and briefly, what we have 
anticipated for this Parish, and the greater communion of which 
it is an integral part, must be announced and held in larger con- 
cept for Christianity itself. As the atmosphere pervades all earth 
spaces, so must the vital power of the Son of God, the world's 
Redeemer, relate itself to humanitJ^ And as the sun, arising in 
darkness, rides the meridian in glorious, all-suffusing brightness, 
and sets in the splendor of his glad accomplishment, so do the 
inspired words assure us that the Sun of Righteousness shall lift 
up His healing wings upon all nations, and enfold them beneficently, 
and warm them into appreciative responsive life, and only cease 
His endeavors when, at the last, the world kindreds shall bend 
their allegiance unto their Lord and King. That fact does not 
seem possible now. Again are we beset with the impulse to 
reckon by figures ; we make our poor and petty little calculations, 
and estimates, and comparisons; we think of the ratio and pro- 
portion of Christian adherents, to heathendom, and to the vast 
armies of indifferentists, and the myriads who have eyes and yet 
see not, and we are dismayed and wonder if, "when the Son of 
Man shall come, He will find faith on the earth." And we show 
our own lack of faith by such misgivings. "With God all things 
are jDossible," and He who hath wrought will still work, for He 
hath sworn by Himself, and that oath cannot fail. And He hath 
said, "I will fill this house with glory"; "I will subdue nations 
under me, and peoples beneath my feet"; "The latter glory of 
this house, of my Kingdom, of my power, shall be greater than 
the former, greater than hath yet been imagined," and "I will 
give peace, saith the Lord." And how irrational we are, too, in 

— 71 — 

our methods of deduction. We do not make an a priori argu- 
ment about Christianity; we forget the past; we omit from cal- 
culation the triumphs hitherto; we do not recall that in four 
centuries the imperial Eagles passed beneath the shadow of the 
Cross, and that the crucified Lord became the conqueror of Ctesar. 
We do not seem to see that the civilization we luxuriate in, the 
comforts, and liberties, and privileges of life, our reasonable gov- 
ernments, our extended commerce, our whole modus vivendi, would 
not — nay, could not — have been, without Christ. The entire 
philosophy of life is revolutionized, or better, is leavened, by 
Christianity ; and that which is most hopeful for the nations 
today, is the wider and still wider spreading range of the silent, 
yet all effective, force of Christianity. Today, that is not toler- 
able in any department of experience which is lacking in Chris- 
tianity. Art, education, law, traffic, literature, philanthrophy, 
philosophy, culture, and even war, each, if accorded place among 
peoples of intelligence, must bear the impress of Christ's touch, 
in which Christian nations are the masters of the world, and even 
treaties are not accomplished, of a ranking standard save with 
such distant races as at last come suppliant to the terms of the 
Lord. Yes, we are lacking in faith, as well as in hope, if we 
hesitate to doubt that God can, by His mighty power, and if he 
wills, "convert a nation in a day," for when His light shall 
emit its penetrating shafts as at Pentecost, the convincing and 
convicting results will follow, and the thousands that hear shall 
irieekly and gladly accept the voice of the Son of God. Antici- 
pation is the keynote of the right-minded disciple, and absolute 
confidence in the success of the armies of the Lord of hosts must 
be the inspiration of our patriotism, for, says one of the wisest 
Christian thinkers of our centurjr, " Skepticism is uniformly 
pessimistic. Faith alone soars and exalts. To the man who is 
doubtful about this religion, who looks upon it with either critical 
incredulity or the frigid complacence of an outside amateur, the 

— 72 — 

world almost always grows daily darker. To the missionary 
laborer in far lands, mastering with dilliculty unknown tongues, 
surrounded by unfamiliar arts and dusky faces, toiling for j^ears 
to make a few souls know something of Him who taught in Pal- 
estine, the future is as certain as if he touched it; and that 
future, to his exulting expectation, is to be as radiant with glory 
as the sky over Calvary was heavy with gloom ; as resplendent 
with lovely celestial lights as to his imagination, if you hold that 
the faculty chiefly concerned, was the mount of the Lord's 
supreme ascension. He expects long toil and many disasters, 
incarnadined seas, dreary wildernesses, battles with giants, and 
spasms of fear in the heart of the Church. But he looks as 
surely as he looks for the sunrise, after nights of tempest and 
lingering dawn, for the ultimate illumination of the world by 
faith. And however full of din and dissonance the history of 
mankind has seemed hitherto, seems even today, he anticipates 
already the harmonies to be in it; as under the guidance of Him 
of Galilee, it draws toward its predestined close, not sentimental 
or idyllic, but epic and heroic. 

Let this mind and mood be in each one of us, as we look for- 
ward confidently to the ultimate issues. Let this undiverted 
appreciation of the presence of the true Light in the world since 
the day of Jesus Christ's incarnation, the Light that cannot fail, 
that fills the Church, and that will irradiate and transfigure uni- 
versal humanity, let this thought animate us. And as we work 
in the Parish, in the Church, in the great religious life every- 
where and anywhere, let us catch some reflections from the bourne 
to which we lovingly hasten ; when Heaven shall open its gates 
to earth's thronging multitudes, and hope will cease in the Chris- 
tian's heart because the goal is reached, and faith will fade away 
forever because the hour of realization is attained, since the 
future is merged at last into eternity, as we reach "the Temple 
and City without foundations, whose builder and maker is God." 

— 73 — 

Part of Sermon of Rev. F. B. Avery, 

Of Painesville, Ohio, Former Rector of St. John's. 


ONE year ago it was my blessed privilege to be with you at 
the laying of the corner-stone of this noble house of wor- 
ship, which is to be the future home of God's elect people 
in St. John's Parish, we hope and pray, for many years to come. 
As we attended the deconsecration services of old St. John's 
structure, it seemed for a moment like a funeral service. But as 
we proceeded to the site of the future house, which was to be so 
much larger, more beautiful, and better fitted for the new life 
and growth of this parochial family, it seemed like the putting 
on of the resurrection body which we are to assume hereafter, so 
much more glorious than our present' poor tabernacles of clay. 
Old St. John's is not dead, however; it has only changed its old 
tabernacle structure for a new and more imposing habitation, as 
we read the people of Israel did in the days of David, after thej' 
had used the tabernacle, as you have the old Parish Church, for 
nearly forty years. Then David selected a place for the new 
temple on the holy hill in Jerusalem, for he had determined in 
his heart that a new structure should be erected more worthy of 
God's people, who had outgrown their house of worship, as Bishop 
Bedell once told you, "You had outgrown the old Parish Church 

— 74 — 












as a boj' his clothing." But David was not permitted to erect 
the more permanent structure for which he had prayed and made 
great preparation, but his son Solomon religiously carried out his 
father's designs. And this we see so frequentlj' today in the ad- 
ministration of Christ's Church; as St. Paul aptly puts it, "Paul 
may plant, Apollos water; God giveth the increase in order that 
no flesh may glory in His presence." Under the planting of the 
Rev. Wyllys Hall, and by the watering of the Rev. Samuel Max- 
well (who has since entered into the rest of the faithful stewards 
of God's ministers), we find the beginning of the co-laboring of 
God's servants, who, whether in the flesh or out of the flesh, 
rejoice today with our dear .brother, your faithful pastor, whom I 
congratulate with all my heart, with joy unspeakable, for the 
splendid consummation of his indefatigable labors. " The hopes 
and fears of all the years are not with thee tonight," and I 
thank you personalij^ for the privilege of being here to bid you 
one and all the dear people godspeed. 

In this parochial family, permit me for a moment to live with 
you in the past, — with those, only a few of whom need I men- 
tion by name, who departed this life during the past ten years. 
One of the founders of this Parish, and alwaj's thereafter a de- 
voted adherent, though not a communicant, was the ever generous 
supporter, Morris T. Jewell. He never failed to be present at the 
Easter Monday election, and to see that a good Vestry was 
elected, even if he cast the whole ballot himself. Evidently it was 
alwa3's done by your unanimous consent, and you had great con- 
fidence in his good judgment. He exercised a jealous care over 
the temporalities of the Parish, even to the boundary lines of 
what he considered the original lot. At last he made full pro- 
fession of his secret faith in the C!hurch of Christ, of which he 
had ever claimed that he was not worthy to be called a member. 
And having received the Holy Baptism, God called him from the 
CHiurch militant to the Church triumphant. 

Not maiijr years later his faithful wife followed him. Mrs. 
Jewell had been ever valiant for the teachings of the Church as 
she conceived them, and those who differed with her could not 
but believe in her deep sincerity and conscientious adherence 
to her Churchly views. She loved the mission work, and her 
Easter offering for this purpose, eighteen years ago, was the first 
received as a seed planted in good soil, afterwards bearing much 
fruit in the labors and generous gifts of all who did well their 
part in the years following. 

We make loving mention of the saintly Rachel Reno, whose 
most hospitable home was like a family altar to every one of the 
former Rectors of St. John's Parish. It mattered not how close 
was the relationship with one Rector, his successor was as warmly 
welcomed and adopted, and as loyally supported as a son in the 
faith. "The King is dead; long live the King," seemed to be 
the loyal maxim of her household, whether it be Wyllj^s Hall, 
Samuel Maxwell, or their successors. She was a most queenly 
woman, of gentle dignity, of the good old-fashioned grace and be- 
nignity. My brother, I could ask for you no greater personal 
blessing than to have known and loved her as some of us have, 
who still cherish her memory as a rich legacy. 

Old Lady Harris, as we used to call her, was a veritable 
"Mother in Israel," living to a great age. Her simple faith and 
trust in God was an inspiration to each and all of the pastors 
who have ministered in this Church from its organization to this 
day. Her children and children's children numbered, even a de- 
cade ago, over one hundred souls.. She was ever looking with 
eager eyes to the home beyond, and she sometimes said, in time 
of illness, "Do not send for the minister, for all of them hereto- 
fore have come to see me, and their prayers were heard and I've 
gotten well each time, and now I have lived longer than I ought 
and want to go home." With her own hands, at the age of four 
score and six, she made a patched bed quilt and sold it, the 

— 76 — 

amount received being suffleient to pay for the ehaneel rail for 
St. Mary's Chapel, at which she knelt on the feast of the Presen- 
tation of Christ in the Temple, and was the first in that Chapel 
to receive the Holy Coiiimunion. Like mother like daughter, can 
we thus speak of her daughter, Mrs. Edmonds; so patient under 
many a trial, many a sorrow. 

Akin in spirit, and in a quiet, yet very fine, adherence to true, 
clear standards of Christian rectitude, was that humble, devout 
and beloved woman, Mary Howard. 

Henry 0. Bonnell was a typical American Churchman. He 
believed in God as his loving Father, "who does not willingly 
afHict nor grieve the children of men." He believed in Jesus as 
a personal Savior, and he believed in the visible Church of Christ 
with her sacraments as the outward visible sign and means of 
grace ordained by Christ Himself. He loved the quiet week day 
service, which he regularly attended, and which was to him that 

" Sweet hour of prayer, sweet hour of prayer, 
"Which calls me from a world of care. 
And bids me at my Father's throne 
Make all my wants and wishes known. 

" In seasons of distress and grief 
My soul has often found relief. 
And oft escaped the tempter's snare, 
By thy return, sweet hour of prayer." 

He also took an active interest in St. James', Springdale. Al- 
though we could not persuade him to teach a Sunday School 
class, he used to assist in any humble way possible, whether it 
was to wash the hands and faces of little children and then to 
place them in some class, or to assist in amusing them in his 
own winsome ways. He was devoted to the Mission of St. James; 
it was at his suggestion that the field was looked over and the 
blessed work begun, the lot being donated by another on what 
was called "Bottle Hill," and re-christened Springdale. There 

— 77 — 

was no department of St. John's Parish activities that did not 
feel the impress of his helpful hand. We can not forget his un- 
assuming, almost bashful, manner of suggesting methods and 
means, approval or disapproval. If he differed with his brethren, 
he did it frankly and in the spirit of a courteous Christian 

In closing this necrology, permit me to speak of your late 
Junior Warden, James Eudge. He is the first to leave us of that 
noble coterie by the name of James, all of whom have been to 
the old Parish, and are still, pillars in the Church. We give 
thanks for their good examples, and rejoice that so many others 
remain to do true and laudable service as loyal soldiers in the 
Church militant for the Captain of our Salvation. Mr. Rudge 
was not one who snuffed the breeze of battle from afar, but he 
was a faithful soldier of Christ, working righteousness in the 
humblest things of life, in the little details, as careful as though 
they were great issues. You always knew where to expect him, 
and you always found him where you expected so to do. He was 
a sturdy, conscientious, old-fashioned, English Churchman; quiet 
and unassuming, yet firm and jjositive in his conscientious con- 
victions. He did his part well, but if he could not enthuse over 
new methods and the aggressive undertakings of others, he did 
not willingly oppose, and was ever glad to rejoice in the progress 
made by his neighbors, either in business or Church affairs. He 
loved the ways of Zion, and was ever thoughtful for her highest 

And what shall I saj^ more, said the Apostle, for time would 
fail me to tell of many of this household of faith taken in the 
past few years to be ever in the presence of God and His Christ 
and their blessed angels, and with their loved ones gone before. 
Godly fathers, sainted mothers, holy innocents carried by the 
angels to the arms of the tender Shepherd, who, when here on 
earth, said, "of such is the Kingdom of Heaven." There, too, 

— 78 — 

are your noble husbands, who have fought tlie good fight of faith. 
Your brothers, your sons and daughters, — faithful and true, what- 
ever their mistakes, — leaving us many virtues to emulate. They 
have entered the gates of Paradise, delivered from the burdens of 
the flesh, and are in joy and felicity. This is an All Saints day 
to us, beloved, — an All Souls day. "Tell me," ssiys a bereaved 
heart, " that I shall stand face to face with the sainted dead, 
and, whenever it may be, shall I not desire to be readj^, and to 
meet them with clear eye and spirit unabashed '? Shall I not feel 
that to forget them were a mark of a nature base and infidel ? 
That under whatever pleasant shelter I may rest, and over what- 
ever wastes I may wander as a wayfarer in life, I must bear 
their image next to my heart, like the exile of old flying with 
his household gods hidden in his mantle's secret folds?" 

Yea, more, beloved, we believe that they are still interested 
and engaged in the same moral and spiritual work so dear to our 
hearts. More, we have fellowship with them, and from the pres- 
ence of Christ they look upon these varied scenes of our human 
experiences, and are a thousand times nearer to us during this 
temporary physical separation than when they lived with us. 

" We live tog-ether years and years, and leave unsounded 

Each other's springs of hopes and fears, each other's 

depths of will 
We live together day by day, and some chance look or 

Lights up with instantaneous ray an inner world 


"Thank God," said the saintly Wordsworth, "while death 
may separate bodies it can not separate souls." The great Ori- 
gen, living in sub-Apostolic times, records the precious faith of 
the early Church, which did not teaoh us to pra}' to the departed 
Saints. But he wrote these words: — "It will not be out of place 
to say that all the Saints have departed this life, still retaining 

— 79 — 

their love for those who are in the world, concerning themselves 
for their salvation, and aiding them by their prayers and media- 
tion with God." 

This is but the interpretation of the beloved St. John's words, 
who, in the Revelation, tells us that he saw in Paradise the mul- 
titudes who had come up out of great tribulation, in their midst 
the Shepherd of Israel, who carries the lambs in His bosom, and 
calls His own by name and feeds them. God doth wipe away all 
tears from their eyes. And the angel of God offers from his 
golden censer the incense of praise to purify the prayers of all 
Saints. Thus Heaven and earth one communion make. In this 
ascension tide we see our blessed Lord, having led captivity cap- 
tive, opening the gates of Paradise to our longing, expectant 
eyes. "The Heaven of heavens can not contain thee; how much 
less this house which I have builded." Yea, more, — "Lift up 
your hearts." "We lift them up unto the Lord," is your anti- 
phon. "Therefore, with angels and arch-angels and all the 
company of Heaven we laud and magnify Thy glorious name ; 
evermore praising Thee, and saying, Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God 
of hosts. Heaven and earth are full of Thy glory ; glory be to 
Thee, O Lord, Most High. Amen." Beloved, ye are come to the 
spirits of just men made perfect. 

— 80 — 











Synopsis of the 

Sermon of Rev. Robert R. Claiborne, 

Of St. Luke's Church, Kalamazoo, Former Rector of 
St. John's, Youngstown. 


AS Mr. Claiborne did not write his sermon, we are unable to 
give it exactly in his words, and necessarily can only sum- 
marize it. He took, for his theme, lessons drawn from the 
ascension of our Lord, his text being St. Luke, twenty-fourth 
chapter, fiftieth verse : — 

"And He led them out as far as to Bethany, and He 
lifted up His hands and blessed them." 

He said in part as follows : — 

"To the disciples who witnessed it, it furnished a fresh ex- 
perience of bereavement. They stood in speechless agony beside 
His cross, and heard His words of anguish, which must have 
seemed to them the death wail of their fondest hopes. Yet this 
had not the same elements of grief as that former sorrow, and 
time and experience contributed to make it what it was intended 
to be, and really was, a revelation of inexplicable comfort. And 
so it is to us if we receive it aright." 

— 81 — 

After drawing the various lessons of tlie ascension, the speaker 
congratulated tlie congregation on the erection of this magnificent 
building, which they would consecrate to the service of God. 
Consecrated, also, by their toil and tears, the consummation of 
the hopes and prayers of all, through a series of years. It gave 
him great pleasure to take part in these opening services, which 
added another note to the joy of ascension tide. 

"But," he continued, "all true and deep joy is tinged with 
sorrow. A Chinese picture has no depth, because it has no shade. 
Tonight our joy is shadowed by the absence of those dear ones 
whose prayers and labors mingle with our own, and I can but 
believe that they rejoice with us, as they and we but one com- 
munion make. It would tax my emotions beyond control did I 
attempt to speak of them in detail. Even now their faces stand 
out before me, and the familiar voice is still audible, so being 
dead they still speak. It may seem strange that while we are 
celebrating the final triumph of the Prince of Peace, our country 
should resound with the clash of arms. While we look with 
horror on the ravages and desolation of war, — better, far better, 
than a rotten, corrupt, mammon-loving peace, — a thousand battles 
shaking a hundred thrones. We may lament the need of war, 
but let us believe that out of it righteousness will emerge with 
healing in its wings. No birth, no advance in civilization, noth- 
ing worth anything, has ever been accomplished without pain and 
suffering. Everj^ individual and every nation, every century and 
every generation, has had its Calvary from which flows streams 
of beneficence and peace. What we enjoy today is not the result 
of a " survival of the fittest," but sprung out of the sacrifice of 
the best. The Civil War settled questions which could have been 
settled permanentl}^ in no other way, and today you will find but 
few men who would reverse that decision. It decided that this 
land of freedom is a nation, and not a federation of States from 
which any State may retire of its own will and motion. When 

— 82 — 

the bugle sounded, the slumbering embers of patriotism that filled 
the breasts of a citizen soldierj^, the strength of every nation, 
leaped into flame, and there is no North, no South, no East and 
no West, and the flag of glory waves from Maine to the Gulf, and 
from ocean to ocean. Blue and gray both encamp beneath its 
shadow, and the pure southern blood of Bagley is a sacrament of 
eternal union between North and South. We should felicitate 
ourselves on the fact that now, as in another crisis of the nation's 
story, we have for chief magistrate a man who fears God and 
believes that He manifests Himself in the great movements of 
history, overruling and controling the destinies of nations as well 
as individuals. He exhausted all the resources of diplomacy but 
in vain, for Spain never relinquished an}' evil without compulsion. 
Her stagnation and despotic desolation is only equaled by the 
tideless harbor of Havana, which contains the filth of three cen- 
turies. Four hundred years ago she was in the foremost place of 
nations, first or second only to Italy in art, first in war, and first 
in the men that she produced; but one by one, by reason of 
cruelty, injustice and misrule, the gems have fallen from her 
crown, until now the greatest of them all, the "Pearl of the 
Antilles," must be lost, and Cuba, the queen of the Indies, will 
float the flag of the free." 

At this point the speaker decried the use of the battle-cry, 
"Remember the Maine," inasmuch as it was not a war for ven- 
geance, but for humanity's sake and the uplifting of our brothers. 

"God grant that this land of ours may never learn to look 

stolidly and indifi'erently, without a blow, at the suffering of the 

helpless and the agony of the oppressed. Maj^ she never tamely 

abdicate her place in the vanguard of the world's righteous 


"Waft the blessed tidings across the deep blue sea. 
Let Columbia tell the nations that Cuba shall be free." 

-83 — 


IT WOULD not be possible to mention by name tlie many who 
liave helped to make St. John's Parish what it is today, nor 
would it be fair to single out a few of the present noble men 
and women, who are striving to maintain the good name of the 
Church, and exploit their endeavors, but it has seemed right that 
some of the first Vestrymen and founders of the Parish should be 
noticed by brief biographical sketches. Even these few will serve 
to show that the individuals who were instrumental in the making 
of the Parish were men of sterling worth, and of whom any 
community might well be proud. 

Francis Reno. 

Francis Eeno, born March 25, 1802, was Senior Warden of St. 
John's Church, Youngstown, Ohio, from its organization till his 
death, September 3, 1864. He was by profession a civil engineer, 
and was one of the principal engineers on the Pennsylvania and 
Ohio Canal, assisted in the surveys and location of the Pittsburg, 
Fort Wayne and Chicago Kailroad, the Pittsburg and Erie Rail- 
road, and many other public works. He assisted in organizing 
and building Christ Church, New Brighton, Pennsylvania, and 
Trinity Church, Rochester, Pennsylvania, where he spent his early 
life; also St. John's Church, Youngstown, Ohio. He descended 
from a long line of Churchmen. In a list of Vestrymen — period 

— 84 — 

Francis Reno, 

Senior Warden 1859 to 1864 

Henry Manning, Jr., 

Junior Warden 1859 to 1864. 
Senior Warden 1865 to 1881. 

James M. Reno, 

Junior Warden 1865 to 1881. 
Present Senior Warden. 

James Rudge, Sr., 

Junior Warden 1882 to 1896. 

Wardens of St. John's Church. 

1685 to 1758, St. Peter's Parish, New Kent Oounty, Virginia, — 
the name of J. Reno is recorded, and in Prince William County, 
Virginia, in the year 1799, Enoch Reno was commissioned to sell 
glebe lands. The family are the descendants of Lewis Reno, a 
Huguenot, who emigrated to America from France, arriving in 
C!harleston, South Carolina. The father of our subject was the 
Rev. Francis Reno, admitted as Deacon in Christ (Jhuroh, Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, April 26, 1791, and ordained Priest in the 
same Church on the twenty-first Sunday after Trinity, the 28th 
day of October, 179'2, Bishop William White ofticiating. His 
charge consisted of missionary work from and about Pittsburg, 
and west, on both sides of the Ohio River. He traveled over 
parts of Washington, Allegheny and Beaver Counties, riding horse- 
back, sometimes accompanied by his friend, Edward Moore, who 
acted as clerk. -The church services were rendered in the woods 
in pleasant weather, and in some dwelling house or large barn on 
stormy days and cold weather. Large numbers assembled at these 
services, some coming from long distances. The writer hereof 
met many old people who said they had been baptized by Parson 
Reno. His immediate charge for Sunday services was the old 
building at Woodville, known as the Chartiers Chapel, St. 
Stephen's, Sewickley, and St. Luke's, Georgetown, all in Penn- 
sj^lvania, extreme distance about fifty miles. He completed his 
education in the school taught by Dr. McMillan at his own house, 
— afterwards in a log cabin known as the "Latin School." This 
school is now known as Jefferson College, Canonsburg. The his- 
tory of the Presbyterian Church, Sewickley, gives a very particu- 
lar biographj'' of the Rev. Francis Reno, in which is stated, that 
he was the first minister who had a regular charge this side of the 

Allegheny Mountains. 

James Reno, 

The writer of the above sketch, and son of Francis Reno, Jr., 
was born May 10, 1838, at Rochester, Pennsylvania. When six 

— 85 — 

weeks old, his parents reninved to Yoiingstown, Ohio, which has 
since been his home. He and his father were verj^ active in the 
organizing of St. John's Parish, the son being one of the peti- 
tioners. During the Civil War, he enlisted as a private in the 
4-l:th Battalion, O. V. I., and later, September, 1864, was appointed 
by President Lincoln, Assistant Quartermaster with rank of Cap- 
tain. While in the army he was elected a Vestryman (in 1864), 
and, after the death of his father, became Junior Warden of St. 
John's Parish. In 1882 he was elected Senior Warden, which 
office he has held continuously since that time. Mr. Reno has 
been closely identified with every part of the C'hurch history 
since its organization. He was one of the first teachers in the 
Sunday School, for many years its Superintendent, and officiates 
as Lay-reader in the absence of the Rector in charge. 

Henry Manning, Jr., 

Was born in Youngstown, September 15, 1829, and was a resident 
here nearly all his life, receiving his education at our public 
schools. While a young boy he commenced clerking at the com- 
pany store connected with the Youngstown Iron Company. In 
1853 he became interested in Penns_ylvania coal lands, and later 
identified himself with the old Eagle Furnace, of which he was 
manager nearly twenty j^ears. For manj' j^ears he was one of the 
firm of Manning, McKeown & Co., druggists. 

Mr. Manning was one of the petitioners for the organization 
of St. John's Church, its first Junior Warden, and from 1865 to 
his death, December 24, 1881, its Senior Warden. He gave a 
great deal of attention to Church work, and our Parish is in- 
debted to him for much of its after growth, as he gave freely of 
his money, and his valuable advice was alwaj^s sought. In 1852 
he was married to Miss Sophia B. Arms, sister of Freeman O. 
Arms, one of our first Vestrymen. Mrs. Manning has always 
been a loyal, earnest Church-woman, was one of the pioneer 

— 86 — 

teachers of the Sunday School in the old brick school house, and 
one of the petitioners for the new Parish. 

The Mannings are one of our earliest and best known fami- 
lies, the father of this sketch being one of the pioneer physicians, 
coming to Youngstown on horseback from Connecticut in 1811. 
Dr. Manning was one of the organizers of the first iron mill 
here, and was well known in pulilic life. Although a prominent 
Presbyterian, he was quite liberal to the newly organized Parish 
of St. John's, as the Church records show. His third wife, 
nee Mrs. Caroline A. M. Ruggles, was an earnest Church-woman, 
and one of the petitioners for the new Parish. Dr. Manning's 
son John was a Vestryman of St. John's for a time, and his 
grandson, William E. Manning, who is a member of the present 
Vestr}^, takes a prominent part in all lines of Church work. 

Freeman O. Arms 

Was born at Sodus, New York, April 24, 1H24, and came to 
Y'oungstown in 1845. He was one of our most successful mer- 
chants, being a member f)f a succession of firms carrying on the 
dry goods business in the building known as Arms & Murray's 
block, on the southeast corner of Federal and Phelps streets. Mr. 
Arms was vice-president of the First National Bank and president 
of the Youngstown Savings and Loan Association, which later 
became the Mahoning National Bank. He was one of the first 
Vestry of St. John's Church, and its Treasurer for man}^ years. 
During the Civil War he was Captain of Company B, 44th Bat- 
talion, O. V. I., afterwards incorporated into the 155th O. V. I. 

He was married at Sodus, New York, September 18, 1849, to 
Miss Emily S. Proseus, by whom he had two children, — Freeman, 
who died in childhood, and Caroline, deceased wife of Mr. Tod 
Ford. Mrs. Emily S. Arms died June 10, 1861, her burial being 
the first in the new Parish of St. John's. 

— 87 — 

Mr. Arms died suddenly of paralysis, on December 8, 1880, and 
was buried from St. John's Church. He was a man of exalted 
character, very unassuming and of few words, a good citizen, de- 
voted to his family, true to his country and the Church. 

Mrs. Emily S. Arms was one of the effective Church workers, 

especially in the Sunday School, over which she had charge for 

some time, her musical talent being of excellent service in that 

line of work. 

W. J. Hitchcock, 

Born May 16, 1829, at Granville, New York, comes from a long 
line of Churchmen. His grandfather, Collins Hitchcock, was one 
of the organizers of Zion's Church, at Sandy Hill, New York, and 
his father, Warren F. Hitchcock, was for many years Senior War- 
den of the Church at Whitehall, New York. It was at the latter 
place that the subject of this sketch spent most of his boyhood 
days, and where, for a time, he clerked in a general store. De- 
siring to better himself, he went West, and at Detroit learned 
the machinist's trade. From Detroit he went to Pittsburg, and 
became interested in the firm of Knapp, Totten & Co. With Mr. 
Knapp he embarked in business at New Castle, Pennsylvania, at 
which place he was married to Miss Mary Peebles. 

In 1858, through the solicitation of Mr. C. H. Andrews, he 
came to Youngstown, the two entering into partnership in the 
coal business, their mines being at Thorn Hill. From this place 
thej^ built a tramway to haul the coal to Youngstown. Later 
they built their celebrated blast furnaces at Hubbard, Ohio. Mr. 
Hitchcock's business career has been eminently successful, as is 
well known, but he has found time in the midst of it to devote 
some of his energies to St. John's Church. He was one of the 
organizers of the Parish, and has been a member of the Vestry 
continuously since that time ; was a member of the building 
committee that built the first C^hiirch on Wood street, and has 
served also in that capacity in the building of the new edifice 

— 88 — 

just eompleted. In all his Church work he has had the energetic 
support of his wife, than whom no more loyal and faithful 
Church-woman exists among us. Their sons and daughters, all 
brought up in the Church, are always ready to do their part 
of the Parish work. Frank Hitchcock their eldest son, is a 
member of the present Vestry. 

M. T. Jewell 

Was born in Sodus, New York, June 20, 1825, the only son of Dr. 
M. T. and Dorcas (St. John) Jewell. His career in life was a 
mercantile one. He came to Youngstown in 1853, and engaged in 
the grocery and drug business. In 1857 he purchased the prop- 
erty on the southeast corner of Federal street and Public Square. 
His place was burned out in 1867, and he built a new block on 
the same site, where for many years he was a familiar figure. 

In 1855 he was married to Maria F. Edwards, daughter of 
William Edwards, and grand-daughter of Colonel Peregrine Fitz- 
hugh, a member of one of the oldest and most prominent families 
of New York. 

Mr. Jewell was one of the first Vestrymen of St. John's Church, 
suggesting its name, and was for several years its Secretary. He 
continued as a Vestryman from the commencement of the Parish 
till his death, which took place April 5, 1891. 

His wife did not long survive him. They left no children to 
perpetuate their name, but they will be long remembered as active 
workers in the Church. Mr. Jewell was the early historian of 
the Parish, and one of the most active in its formation. All 
through his life he gave the business of the Vestr}'- his earnest 
attention, and was tireless in his efforts to have St. John's a live 
Parish and keep it to the front. 

Joseph B. Wilder 

Was born at Woleott, New York, February 19, 1819. His early 
life was spent on a farm, receiving his education in the country 

— 89 — 

district scliool. In his twentj'-third year he was married to Miss 
Jane M. Arms, sister of the late C. D. Arms and Freeman O. 
Arms. After Iris marriage, for a few years he assisted in the 
management of his father's extensive stocls farm, but becoming 
dissatisfied with farm life, he removed to Youngstown, and entered 
the employment of Arms, Murray & Co. Later he took an inter- 
est in the firm of Arms, Bell & Co., and aided largely in making 
it one of the foremost manufacturing concerns in the valley. Mr. 
"Wilder was one of the most active in the organization of St. 
John's Parish, and one of the first Vestrjr. Though not now a 
Vestryman, he still takes an active interest in the Church, to 
which he and his family have always been loyal. Mrs. Wilder, 
who, with her husband, signed the petition for the organization 
of the Parish, has ever been a faithful member and an earnest 
worker in the ditt'erent societies of the (Jhureh. 

Hiram A. Hall 

Was born in Plymouth Township, Ashtabula County, Ohio, May 
5, 1818. He received but a limited common school education, 
which, however, he augmented by self study. Mr. Hall was one 
of the best informed men of this locality, being an especially 
good mathematician. He was in charge of the old Front Street 
School in the early "forties," and in 1860 and 1861 was Superin- 
tendent of Rayen School. Mr. Hall was one of the organizers of St. 
John's Parish, one of its first Vestrymen, and its first Secretary'. 
In 1861 he recruited a company of Cavalry, and was elected 
its Captain. This company was Companj^ E, Second Ohio Volun- 
teer Cavalry, a regiment that was one of the most eftieient in the 
Civil War. He left the service in 1863, his health being quite 
broken. Mr. Hall died August 31, 1870. 

John W. Ellis 

Was born June 23, 1827, at Kilmore, County of Fermanagh, Ire- 
land. He came to America when a boy about sixteen years old, 

— 90 — 

landing at New York, where he learned the trade of ear])enter. 
After some ja^ars spent at this work, he went to Pittsburg (about 
1857), and shortly afterwards to Youngstown, where he had rela- 
tives. Being a Churchman, he was interested in the new Parish, 
with whieh he was closely identified until the Civil War, when 
he served as a private soldier in the 155th Ohio Volunteer Infan- 
try. Mr. Ellis was one of the first Vestry, and a member of the 
building committee that built the first Church on Wood street. 
About 1878 he became interested in the planing mill business 
which later developed into the prosperous concern known as the 
Ellis Planing Mill (;:ompany. Mr. Ellis died March 22, 1895. 
His wife, formerlj^ Miss Juliet Richart, survives him ; also one 
daughter, Elizabeth (Mrs. George Summers), and a son, Richard, 
now a Lieutenant in the army. 

James Rudge, Sr., 
Was born in Herefordshire, England, on February 17, 1826. In 
1850 he was married to Miss Caroline Smith, and in that j'ear 
came to America, locating at Boardman, Ohio, where he carried 
on his occupation of farmer until 1872. He then removed with 
his family to Youngstown, which became his permanent home. 
All his life he was a member of the Episcopal Church, and both 
at Boardman and here was an active worker in the Church. 
About 1879 he was elected a Vestr3rman of St. John's Parish, 
and in 1882, when Mr. James Reno was elected Senior Warden, 
he was elected Junior Warden, which office he held thereafter 
until his death, November 19, 1896. Mr. Rudge took a deep in- 
terest in everj^thing pertaining to the good of the Parish, and, 
when St. Mary's Mission was formed, took it under his special 
protection. As Rev. Mr. Averj^ says of him, " he was a sturdy, 
old-fashioned, English Churchman," and " j^ou alwa3rs knew where 
to find him." Those of the Vestry who knew him can add to 
this, that they generally found him at important times, and his 
judgment was always worthy of consideration. 

— 91 — 

Tod Family. 

Among those who have from the first been our strongest and 
most loyal supporters must be mentioned the Tod family. Judge 
George Tod, one of the pioneers of the Western Reserve, was a 
son of David and Rachel (Kent) Tod, of Suflield, Connecticut, 
where he was born December 11, 1773. He was a graduate of 
Yale in 1795, taught school at New Haven, then read law, and 
was admitted to the bar. 

In 1797 he was married to Miss Sallie Isaacs, who was a sis- 
ter to Mrs. Ingersol, the wife of Governor Ingersol of Connecti- 
cut. Mrs. Tod was a very loyal Church-woman, a member of 
Trinity Church, New Haven, one of the oldest Episcopal Churches 
in the United States. Her name is frequently mentioned in con- 
nection with the early Church on the Reserve. 

Mr. Tod came to Youngstown in 1800, having been appointed 
Prosecuting Attorney for the United States at the first territorial 
court of Trumbull County, afterwards he was Territorial Secre- 
tary, State Senator, Judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio, and 
President Judge of Court of Common Pleas of the old Third dis- 
trict. He was a brave officer in the War of 1812, having been 
commissioned first as Major of the 19th U. S. I., and later became 
Lieutenant Colonel of the 17th Regiment, U. S. I. He died at 
the old farm in Brier Hill in 18^1, his good wife following him 
in 1847. 

Of the children, we remember more particularly our fellow 
citizen, David Tod, popularly called the "Great War Governor." 
He was born in Youngstown, February 21, 1805, and, as one his- 
torian puts it, " he had the good fortune to be well born." 
There is not space enough in this little book to do justice to the 
memory of David Tod, or his people, but a careful perusal of 
the Parish records will partly show the great extent we are in- 
debted to Judge Tod and his descendants. Governor Tod died on 
November 13, 1808; his wife, formerly Miss Maria Smith, of 

— 92 — 

Henry O. Bonnell. 

Wan-en, Ohio, still survives him. Their children give us a hearty 
and generous support, being alwaj^s willing to aid in any under- 
taking that seems best for the interests of the C^hurch. Mrs. 
Grace (Tod) Arrel and Miss Sallie Tod, in particular, take a 
prominent part in the Parish work. 

Henry O. Bonnell, 

Son of "William and Sarah A. Bonnell, was born January 11, 1839, 
at Newljr, Yorkshire, England. His family removed to America 
in 1841, going first to Cincinnati, finally becoming residents of 
New Castle, Pennsylvania. In 1854 Mr. William Bonnell, with 
Joseph H. Brown and other practical iron workers, purchased the 
mill of The Youngstown Iron Co., bringing their families to 
Youngstown, where the subject of this article received his educa- 
tion. While quite young he became a clerk in the office of 
Brown, Bonnell & Co., as the new companj^ was called; working 
his way upwards by his earnest attention to the business. In 
1875, when the company was incorporated, he was elected its 
vice-president, a position he held until 1879, when he sold his 
interest and became identified with the Mahoning Valley Iron Co., 
of which he was the ruling spirit, being president and general 
manager from its incorporation, in 1886, until his death. He was 
so prominently known and identified with the business interests of 
the city, that it seems unnecessary here to give that part of his life 
extended notice. It is to his connection with the Church that we 
wish to call attention, as he was in truth one of its "pillars." 
He was a great friend of Mr. M. T. Jewell, through whose 
influence he was led to attend services in the early days of the 
Parish. In 1862 Mr. Jewell proposed his name as a Vestryman, 
and he was elected to the Vestry. Mr. Bonnell, not being a 
Churchman at that time, felt he could not serve. On his birth- 
day, January 11, 1877, he was confirmed by Bishop Bedell, and 
that year was elected a Vestryman, being re-elected every year 

— 93 — 

thereafter of his life. Mr. Bonnell gave us as a Vestryman the 
value of his vvell-trained business mind; the business of the 
Chureh being to him just as important as that of the mill, or 
the directors' meeting of his banking house. 

His presence was known and felt at nearly every Diocesan 
Convention, and he was an honored member of the standing com- 
mittee. During the sickness of Bishop Bedell, this committee 
practically had charge of and transacted much of the business of 
the diocese usually attended to by a Bishop. Too close attention 
to the business of his iron mills finally undermined his health, 
and on January 16, 1893, he was called to his long home. He 
was buried from the Church he had loved so well, many peojjle 
coming from near and far to attend the obsequies, among them 
being Bishop Leonard and Governor McKinlej^. 

Mr. Bonnell's influence was potent in the Church, his judg- 
ment being sought in all matters of importance. Personally he 
was loved by all who knew him, and commanded respect from the 
most casual acquaintance by his noble bearing and gentlemanly^ 
qualities. It has been said that " he was one of God's noblemen," 
which expresses in a few words a correct estimate of him. 

Mrs. H. O. Bonnell, formerly Miss Mary Julia Botsford, comes 
from an old New England family that has been closely identified 
with the Church. Her father, Mr. A. G. Botsford, was a mem- 
ber of the Boardman Church in the early days of its history. 
His son Thomas was a strong Churchman, and during a large 
part of his life was identified prominently with the Church at 
Louisville, Kentucky. Another brother is Mr. James L. Botsford, 
our worthy Treasurer, who has so judiciously handled the funds 
of our Parish for over twenty-one years. Mrs. Bonnell has 
fittingly remembered her husband and family by beautiful memo- 
rials, of which mention is made elsewhere. She is a zealous 
member of the Parish, anxious for its welfare, and willing always 
to do something for its advancement. 

— 94 — 

St. John's Parish. 

St. John's Chukch ..... 323 Wick Avenue 

St. James' Chapel . . Albert and State Streets 

St. Mary's Chapel .... 624 Mahoninc; Avenue 

Rev. Abner L. Frazer, Jr., Rector. 

Sunday Services. 

Early Communion at St. John's . . . 8:00 a. m. 

Sunday School at St. John's . . . .9:30 a. m. 

Morning Pray'er and Sermon at St. John's . 11:00 a. m. 

Sunday School at St. James' . . . . 8:00 p. m. 

Evening Prayer and Address at St. Jambs' . 4:00 p. m. 

Evening Prayer and Address at St. John's . . 7:30 p. m. 

Week Day Services at St. John's. 

Wednesdays and Fridays, Litany . •. . 10:00 a. m. 

Wednesdays and Fridays, Evening Prayer . . 7:30 p. m. 

Holy Days, Celebrations . . . . . 10:00 a. m. 

Holy Communion at St. Jolin's. 

Every Sunday . . . . . . . 8:00 a. m. 

First Sunday in Each Month .... 11:00 a. m. 

Holy Days . . . . . . . . 10:00 a. m. 

Chapei Services. 

St. Mary's ..... According- to Notice. 

Tlie revenue for maintenance of St. John's Church and 
Chapels is received from Voluntary Contributions. 

The Vestry of St. John's Parish. 

Elected Easter Monday, 1898. Meets second Monday of 
each month at 7:30 p. m. 

Senior Warden ..... James M. Reno 

JuNiOB Warden ..... Joseph M. Butler 


William J. Hitchcock, Henry W. Heedy, 

James L. Botseobd, Charles M. Crook, 

M. C. McNab, Frank Hitchcock, 

William E. Manning, James T. McKelvey. 

Treasurer of the Parish . . . J. L. Botsford 

Secretary of the Vestry . . . . J. M. Butler 

Vestry Committees. 


J. L. Botsford, J. M. Butler, M. C. McNab. 


J. M. Butler, Frank Hitchcock, W. B. Manning. 


E. L. Ford, W. J. Hitchcock, J. L. Botsford, J. M. Butler. 


J. M. Reno, M. C. McNak, H. W. Heedy. 


H. W. Heedy, J. M. Reno, C. M. Crook, Frank Hitchcock. 

Sunday Schools. 


St. John's. 

W. E. Manninc. 
Allan Thompson 
Miss Ellen Franklin 

Superintendent and Treasurer 




Miss Grace Reno, 
Miss Rose Phillips, 
Miss Alice Elton, 
Miss Ellen Franklin, 
Miss Gertrude Hitchcock, 
Miss Mabel Walter, 
Miss Emma Fisher, 
Mrs. George Arrel, 
Mrs. F. a. Layman, 
Mr. Allen Muter, 

Mr. Ira 
Members Enrolled 
Session eac:h Sunday at . 

Miss Mary Manning, 
Miss Ella Smith, 
Miss Maude Jones, 
Miss Maude Ainge, 
Miss Mildred Jewhurst, 
Miss Helen Barger, 
Mrs. Sarah Knorr, 
Mrs. Paul Wick, 
Mr. J. C. Muter, 
Mr. Charles Muter, 

9:30 A, 


St. James'. 

John James 
Henry Taylor 

Secretary and Treasurer 


Miss Grace Mackey, 
Miss Lena Gies, 
Miss Sarah Bott, 
Miss Rush, 

Miss Genevieve Brown, 
Mr. Henry Taylor, 
Members Enrolled 
Session each Sunday at . 

Miss Mary Mackey, 
Miss Hattie Davis, 
Miss Agnes Thompson, 
Miss Viola Witherell, 
Miss Mary Donaldson, 
Mr. Charles Muter. 

3:00 P. M. 


Brotherhood of Saint Andrew, 

St. John's Chapter, No. 130. 


Samuel M. Mutee . 

Rev. Abnee L. Feazee, Jb., 


Secretary and Treasurer 


Daughters of the King, 

St. John's Chapter, No. 567. Emma Rudoe . 
Miss Maegaeet Rose . 
Miss Genevieve Bboavn 


Ladies' Society. 

Boys' Club. 

Willing Workers. 

Mrs. E. L. Ford . 
Mes. H. B. Hills 
Mrs. M. C. McNab 
Mes. E. W. Paeker 

Ernest Booth 
Harold Ain(;b 
Garfield James 

Edith A. Elton ..... 

Macmjie Watson ..... 

Mary Davis ...... 

Lizzie Thompson .... 

' St. John's Church Club. 

Myeon a. Noeeis ..... 
J. L. BoTSFOED, John Bott, W. E. Manning 

W. F. Wilcox 

Charles Muter ..... 
M. O. McNab, James Coopee 


First Vice President 

Second Vice President 

Secretary and Treasurer 



Vice President 



Vice Presidents 






The Vested Choir. 

Organist and Choirmaster, Mr. Robert "W! Forcier. 

Harry Bott, 
William Bott, 
Richard Burke, 
William Chapman, 
Charles Crook, 
Jambs Davis, 
Gilbert Hamilton, 
Ivor James, 
Frank Kightlinger, 
John Knight, 


Arthur Lavvton, 
Thomas Martin, 
James Martin, 
Alfred Mason, 
George Muter, 
John McWilliams, 
Alfred Newton, 
Samuel Price, 
Alfred Pritchakd, 
Walter Pritchard. 

Ralph Seidnbr, 
Fred Stallard, 
John Thompson, 
Charles Trigg, 
Wallace Trigg, 
John Vaughn, 
Roy Wakerman, 
Harry Wooley, 
Joseph Wooley, 


Ensign N. Brown, 
Walter Buehrle, 
James Fletcher, 
Adam James, 
Garfield James, 
John James, 
Thomas Jones, 
Samuel M. Muter, 

John Rose, 
Richar]} Rose, 
Edward Smith, 
George Suthan, 
Herbert Suthan, 
Robert Suthan, 
Henry Walter, 
Charles Winton.