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Full text of "History of the Sage and Slocum families of England and America, including the allied families of Montague, Wanton, Brown, Josselyn, Standish, Doty, Carver, Jermain or Germain, Pierson, Howell. Hon. Russell Sage and Margaret Olivia (Slocum) Sage. The Slocum families showing three lines of descent from the signers of the Mayflower compact"

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_„_^ _ Cornell University Library 

0871 .8126 1908 

"'*N?i!'X(ifi!Li:'?,^ ^^fl^ ^""^ Slocum families 

i ,. 3 1924 029 771 247 

Do not doface books by marks and writing. 





The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 

History of the 

Sage and Slocum Families 

Of England and America 

Including the Allied Families of 

Montague, Wanton, Brown, Josselyn, Standish, Doty, Carver, 
Jermain or Germain, Pierson, Howell 

Hon. Russell Sage and Margaret Olivia (Slocum) Sage 

The Slocum Families Showing 
Three Lines of Descent 

From the Signers of the Mayflower Compact 

By Henry Whittemore 

New York 1908 

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tI|n«aanJ« iul|0 fail, or reaci; onlg a mobf rate hs^m nf aur«Ba. ®Ijf rt aaott for Iljta 
mill bi founJj fay traring tiyp Uttf of tljf tniJiotJiual to tta ortgtnal aoura anb, tI|ouglj ttjt 
Unp bf foUoujpJi for ifu«J»rf&a of para, evm into tifp " iiark agpa." it will be founb ll|at 
r? rtain rl|arartpriattra ar? tranamittph from gt n^ration to gpn^ration iioron to tljr pr^a^nt timp. 
Jt mill bt fonnb alao tljat tiff alli^ii familipa Ijaitf ixncxsish a potf nt influ^nrt in bttprmintng 
tlfp rl|arartfr of tljt inbiniimal, alttjouglj tiff rififf rlfarartfriatira of tiff original family 
uBually prf Jiominatf. 

SIbf Ifiatory of tiff " ^agf , riorum anJj Allif b Iffamiliea" forma an intf rfating atuiy in 
Ifiatoriral an& gfnf alogiral rfaf arrlf, alfoming. aa it iofa, tlfat in fufry gfnf ration, from tiff 
timf of William tiff Olonqnf ror Jiomn to tiff landing of tiff Pilgrima at piymontlf tiff prinripal 
family, or tlfoaf of intfrmarriagfa in tiff iirfrt linf, Ifanf Ifft tiffir imprfaa on farlf 
gfnf ration; anh tiff bfarfniianta of tiff af familifa of tiff Wlh Worlh, rlfiffly of Jffrfnrlf aniJ 
^axon origin, inlffriting tiff rlfiff rlfarartfriatira, Ifanf bffn largflg inatmmfntal in ifwloping 
tiff rf aourrf a of tiff Nf m Morlb. Jn tiff ff uiial agf a rf prf af ntatiuf a of tiff af familifa mf rf 
notf & for tiffir military promf aa, anb tiffir Ifiglf af naf of Ifonor ; anJi mt f of rg faattlf -fif 1J» of 
Atttf rira for tmo Ifnnirf h anJJ fifty yf ara, tiff namf a of ^agf anb riorum arf founJi inarribf ii 
on tiff rolla of Ifonor. Aa lamyfra, atatfamfn, f inratora, finanrifra, aniJ promotfra of 
Amf riran 3n&natrif a tiff y Ifanf all bornf a ronapirnona part ; anii among tifoaf mlfo Ifaof 
biatinguialffi tlffmaf lof a in tiff ninf tf f ntif anb tmf ntif tlf rf ntnrif a tiff rf arf ff m, if any, morf 
mortify of rf mf mfaranrf tlfan tiff bf arf nbanta of tiff af tmo familifa. 

PART 1. 





His birth in the Empire State. His self-denying efforts to acquire an education. Early and 
successful business operations. A comparatively rich man at tWenty-three. His political 
experience; the office sought the man. Elected Treasurer of the County;. T>efeated in 
his first nomination for Congress, and twice elected afterwards. His intimate friend- 
ship with President Zachary Taylor and U. S. Senator, William H. Seward. 
His remarkable record in Congress. His famous anti-slavery speech and 
his efforts to restore the Missouri Compromise. His record as 
Financier and Railroad Promoter, and his successful operations 
on Wall Street. Originator of the system of "Puts" and 
"Calls" and other well-known Wall Street methods. 

A S merchant, statesman, financier and railroad promoter, Russell Sage stood among 
^*^ the foremost men of his time. His business and public career cover the most 
important period in the history of our country, and in all the great events of the half 
century of his activities he bore a conspicuous part. That he added millions to the 
Avealth of the country, and aided materially in the development of its resources, none 
can deny ; that in his business methods by which he accumulated his millions he made 
enemies is an accepted fact ; and every successful man of business who keeps his own 
counsel and trusts to his own judgment necessarily makes enemies among narrow- 
minded imitative competitors, w^ho fail to appreciate true genius, and measure every 
man by their ow^n standard. 

Mr. Sage was a man of the highest intellectual attainments, remarkable business 
sagacity, and almost prophetic in his far-seeing knowledge of the fiiture as pertaining to 
present conditions. In every undertaking he saw the end fi-om the beginning and laid 
his plans accordingly. "Insurmountable difficulties " had no terrors for him. Like 
Napoleon, w^hen informed by his aids that the Alps stood between him and the enemy^ 
replied : " Then there shall be no Alps ! " If Mr. Sage, after due consideration found 
that the ends justified the means, he seldom failed to achieve his ends. Probably one of the 


greatest secrets of his success was the fact that he made few confidants. With a keen 
know^ledge of human nature, he discussed his plans only w^ith those w^hose friendship and 
discretion he had tested, and in w^hose integrity he knew he could confide. The busi- 
ness man, like the inventor, is justified in guarding well his own secrets ; they are a part 
of his capital. Self-protection compels a man to fortify himself against the attacks of 
unscrupulous competitors, and Mr. Sage was no exception to this rule, but his methods 
were straight-forward, and no one ever accused him of dishonesty in his dealings. His 
strong sense of duty made him indifferent to public opinion. It would have been 
impossible for him to have become a politician according to the modern acception of the 
term, as he cared nothing for personal popularity. He was amenable only to that 
Higher Power which governed all his actions. 

Hon. Russell Sage owed something to heredity, as the personal record of his 
American ancestors for seven generations clearly indicate, and these hereditary traits 
w^ere manifest in every event of his life. The "image and supjerscription " of his 
forbears were stamped on every fibre of his nature ; and he determined to make the 
most of his personality, either to repress or give full play in development, as circum- 
stances might determine. He had just reason to feel proud of the achievements of his 
ancestors ; they rendered important service to their country and this w^as the legacy 
they bequeathed to him and nothing more. They were hard working industrious men 
w^ho made the most of their opportunities and their environment. 

Hon. Russell Sage, son of Elisha and Prudence (Risley) Sage, (son of Elisha (2), son 
of Elisha (1), son of Amos, Son of Timothy, son of David), was born in Shenandoah, 
Verona township, Oneida County, New York, 4th of August, 1816, a year after the 
close of the second war between England and the United States. He just missed being 
bom in the " land of steady habits; " and the Empire State, which has profited so much 
by his activities, can justly claim him as her own son, of which she has just reason to 
feel proud. This comparatively " Unknown Quantity " came on to the stage of existence 
just as the great industrial revolution of which he was to become a prominent factor 
began. The greatest discoveries, and the greatest advancement in civilization since the 
discovery of America, all occurred during his lifetime, and he became instrumental in 
the development of many of these, and lived to witness what appeared to be at the time 
of their inception, miraculous. He was but two years old when the first steam power 
press was set in motion in this or in any other country. The discovery of the first coal 
mines anti-dated his birth but ten years. The first gas was manufactured in the year 
of his birth. He was 13 years old when matches were placed on the market. At that 
time he was a salesman in a country store. 


He was 14 years old when the first railroad was built in the United States, and cast 
his first vote before the first steamship crossed the ocean. He was nearly thirty years 
of age, and had already accumulated a fortune when Morse constructed his first tele- 
graph line ft-om Baltimore to Washington, and Edison was then " unknown." 

The boy who little dreamed of the bewildering changes which were to take place 
became, before he died, one of the master spirits in the world of finance as well as of 
in any industrial and business enterprises. The boy to whom the railroad came as a 
marvel bordering on the miraculous, lived to become a heavy stockholder in a railroad 
mileage which would girdle the earth. No man ever lived who was a more active 
participant in changes so widespread and momentous as those w^hich have been a part 
of the life of Russell Sage. The event which made the first great impression upon the 
boy was the building of the Erie Canal. The State authorized the construction of the 
waterway in the year of his birth, and the canal was completed when he was nine 
years old. It ran through Oneida County not far from the Sage farm. 

" W^henever I had a chance," he w^as fond of saying in his later years, " I watched 
the men at work on it. Even as a chUd I had great faith in the enterprise and a clear 
idea of the route and subject. It was a red-letter day with me when they let the water 
into the ditch, and I watched it rise to the level." 

Russell Sage virtually knew no childhood. When other boys of his age were pursu- 
ing the elementary branches of education, he was working out the great problems of 
life and planning for the future. " Boyhood," once mused Mr. Sage, when asked for 
his reminiscences of that period, " I don't suppose I ever had any. It was nothing but 
work. After I went into my brother's store, I realized that I was lacking in education 
and I determined to spend a part of my small earnings in attending night school. Of 
the $4.00 wages, I got on the first of every month, I paid $1.50 to my teacher. I soon 
learned book-keeping, and the more intricate problems in arithmetic. I managed to 
borrow some books on history and read all the papers I could get my hands on, I had 
no time for anything else." 

At the end of a year his wages were increased $2.00 a month. W^hen he was 13 
years old he was making $4.00 a week. He saved almost every cent. 

Across the street were two vacant lots which he made up his mind to own. They 
cost him $200.00 which had taken several years to save. In this period of his activities 
he was something of a horse trader. Horses, as in all new lands were in great demand, 
and there was no shrewder judge of horseflesh anywhere than the grocery clerk. He 
made more money with every deal and bought more land. He was still a clerk at this 
time with his brother, Henry Sage, of Troy. 


W^ith some of his profits he bought a sloop which he navigated from Troy to New 
York. He handled a lot of horses on commission and landed them safely in New^ York 
w^here he disposed of them to advantage, studied market conditions, and started home 
with a cargo of provisions. The trip netted him $700.00, and he quit his clerkship as 
soon as he reached home, entering into partnership in a new store with his brother, 
Elisha Montague Sage. In less than two years he was able to buy his brother out. 

In 1839, the great temperance wave known as the " Washingtonian plan," swept 
over the country, and it w^as necessary to do away with the liquor end of the store. This 
reduced the profits of the business. He sold out at a good price, and found himself at 
the age of 22 with at least $25,000 in cash and owning several tracts of land with his 
staunch sloops as another asset. 

In all the time he had sold liquor, when it was customary for nearly every one to 
drink, including Christians, and ministers of the gospel, he had never touched a drop 
himself. He had handled many a cigar and piece of tobacco across his counters, but he 
never smoked or chewed, and in that day chewing and smoking w^ere considered as 
manly qualities, and any boy who could get through the initiatory process of sickness 
was looked up to by his playmates and companions. It is related of Mr. Sage that on 
one occasion he attempted a cigar. The sickness cured him, and he never tried tobacco 
again in any form. 

Finding himself after having barely attained his majority with what was in those 
days considered a fortune, with inexpensive habits, and possessing great frugality in the 
matter of his expenditures, he cast about him for some new^ line of activity. It w^as but 
an advancement along natural lines that he should enter into the commission business 
with New York connections. In the course of a very short time the firm controlled 
several branches of trade not only in Troy, but in Albany. 

As early as 1850 Mr. Sage branched out on broader lines in the transportation 
business. In 1853, as a member of the Troy Common Council, he took a leading part 
in the sale of the Troy and Schenectady Railroad, then owned by the city ; and which 
now forms a part of the New York Central system. A little later he became a large 
owner in the Lacrosse Railroad, now the Chicago, Milwaukie and St. Paul. 

Mr. Sage began his political career at a very early age, and, like everything else he 
undertook he was successful. He was elected to the Common Council of Troy in 1845. 
Later he was elected Treasurer of Rensselaer County, and held the position for seven 

An incident occurred in 1847 that had an important bearing on Mr. Sage's political 
career. The occasion was a banquet w^here he met for the first time Gen. Zachary 


Taylor, and the two became warm friends. Mr. Sage, at this time, publicly challenged 
the statement that the guest of honor, Gen. John A. Wood, was the real hero of 
Buena Vista. He contended that the real hero was General Zachary Taylor ; and 
the ablest military critics and historians justify Mr. Sage's claim. 

Mr. Sage, in 1848, was a delegate to the National Congress of the Whig party, 
and took a foremost part in nominating General Taylor for the Presidency, and the 
latter felt under deep obligations to him, and availed himself of the first opportunity 
to show his appreciation of Mr. Sage's efforts. 

When General Taylor w^as elected President one of the problems he had to face 
was the rivalry between the anti and pro-slavery leaders. The situation caused con- 
siderable friction over the nominations made by Senator Seward for important New 
York offices, and Mr. Sage went to W^ashington in the Senator's behalf, his opponents 
in the meantime using every effort to defeat his political aspirations. The President 
had not forgotten the kindness of Mr. Sage, and he gladly made the appointments sug- 
gested by Mr. Seward. 

Mr. Sage thus made a life-long friend of Senator Seward, and never neglected an 
opportunity to do him an act of kindness, or assist him in carrying out his policies and 
contributing to his political success. Mr. Sage formed strong friendships, which lasted 
through life. It w^as only those who knew^ him intimately that could appreciate his 
high moral worth and true nobility of character. W^hat the public at large thought 
of him was a matter of little concern to him. 

In 1850 Mr. Sage was nominated for Congress on the Whig ticket, but was 
defeated. Two years later, however, he was successfiil at the polls, and in 1854 was 
re-elected by an overwhelming majority. In Congress Mr. Sage proved himself one 
of the ablest debaters, and one of the strongest advocates of the principles of the Re- 
publican party, which were not then very popular. He supported the Kansas and 
Nebraska Bill and opposed the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, measures which 
exasperated the South, and helped to force the issue and led finally to the secession of 
several of the Southern States, thus precipitating the Civil War. Mr. Sage was fear- 
less in proclaiming a doctrine he believed to be right ; and any measure that tended to 
abridge the liberties of one section at the expense of the other he did not hesitate to 
firmly oppose, whatever might be the consequences. 

The efforts of the Southern leaders and advocates of slavery to repeal the Missouri 
Compromise — after a solemn pledge entered into four years previous — which it was 
believed at the time would remove sectional animosities and restore peace and harmony 
throughout every part of the Union, called forth the noblest sentiments, the loftiest 


patriotism, and skiliull statesmanship of which Mr. Sage was capable. He had made 
an exhaustive study of the subject, and viewed it from every stand-point, and took the 
most charitable view possible for a man in his position, who felt that he had a solemn 
duty to perform regardless of the opinions of others. Mr. Sage w^as noted for his 
brevity, and this was probably the longest speech he ever prepared, and one of the 
longest made in Congress during that exciting period. It covered twenty pages of the 
Congressional Globe, of 2500 words to the page, aggregating some 17,000 words. He 
dealt only in facts, of which he had an abundant supply, and made no attempt at 
display. It was an honest, manly effort — logical, forceful, eloquent and convincing. 
His heart had been touched, his patriotism aroused, and all his intellectual faculties 
brought into full play. The Congressional Globe, in bold headlines, published it as follows : 


Of New York 

In the House of Representatives, 

August 6th, 1856, 

The House being in the Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union. 

"When I took my seat here in December, 1853, I found a new Administration in 
power, having been elected by one of the largest popular votes ever given to any 
previous one. It had two-thirds of its friends in the Senate and in the House. It 
received this power by professions and pledges of adherence to the compromises of the 
past, and opposition to the agitation of the question of slavery in the ftiture. The 
country was in an unprecedented state of prosperity. Ovir foreign and domestic affairs 
w^ere of the most pacific character; but in less than two months this change com- 
menced, and instead of peace and quiet reigning, as had been promised, the firebrand 
of slavery and sectionalism was introduced into the Senate of the United States by 
the Senator from Illinois [Stephen A. Douglass] ; and the unfortunate, bitter and sec- 
tional results that have followed forms the subject which I propose to discuss dviring 
the time allow^ed to me this evening in the following order, namely : Its causes, its 
objects, its results, its influence and its remedy. 

" First, its cause was owing to the departure of the professions and pledges made 
prior to and at the commencement of the present Administration. It is a historical 
fact that during the long and exciting session of the Congress of 1850, certain Sena- 
tors and Representatives then in Congress got up a Congressional pledge for the 
purpose of forever stopping the agitation of the subject of slavery, and of saving the 
Union, and that the present Administration came into power on the professions and 


pledges of, adherence to and support of this Congressional pledge and the compromise 
measiires of 1850. Mr. Chairman, in order that we may iiilly realize the fidelity of 
this Administration in its professions and pledges, I beg to read the memorable docu- 
ment, that the country may judge of the difference between professions and acts. 

Declaration and Pledge. — The undersigned members of the Thirty-first Congress 
of the United States, believing that a renewal of the sectional controversy upon the 
subject of slavery would be both dangerous to the Union and destructive to its objects, and 
seeing no mode by which such controversies can be avoided, except by a strict adher- 
ence to the settlement thereof, effected by the compromise passed at the last session 
of Congress, do hereby declare that their intention to maintain the same sentiment 
inviolate, and to resist all attempts to repeal or alter the acts aforesaid unless by 
general consent of the friends of the measure, and remedy such evils, if any, as time 
and experience may develop. And for the purpose of making this resolution effective, 
they further declare that they will not support for the office of President or Vice- 
President, or of Senator or Representative in Congress, or any member of the State 
Legislature, any man, of whatever party, w^ho is not know^n to be opposed to the dis- 
turbance of the settlement aforesaid, and to the renewal in any form, of agitation upon 
the subject of slavery hereafter : 

" ' Henry Clay, Howell Cobb, Robert Toombs, Alexander H. Stevens, C. S.. More- 
head, William C. Dawson, Robert L. Rose, Thomas J. Rusk, Jeremiah Clemens, James 
Cooper, Thomas G. Pratt, "William M. Gwinn, Samuel A. Elliott, David Outlaw, C. 
H. W^illiams, J. Philps Phoenix, A. U. Schermerhom, John R. Thurman, D. A. Bokee, 
George R. Andrews, W. P. Mauquin, Jeremiah Morton, R. J. Rowie, E. C. Cabell, 
Alexander Evans, H. S. Foote, James Brooks, William Duer, M. P. Gentry, H. W. 
Hilliard, L. S. Hammond, Edmund Debeverry, H. Marshall, Daniel Breck, James L. 
Johnson, J. B. Thompson, J. M. Anderson, John B. Kerr, J. P. Caldwell, Allen F. Owen.' 

" In January, 1854, a bill was introduced into the United States Senate by the 
Senator from Illinois [Mr. Douglass], providing for the organization of the Territories 
of Kansas and Nebraska; but it did not provide for the repeal of the Missouri restor- 
ation, and consequently it was recommitted to the Committee on Territories, and the 
wishes of the South complied with, and an outrage perpetrated towards the North 
that will never be forgotten, if it should ever be forgiven ; because it was conceived in 
political bad faith and repudiation, and consummated by political intrigue, corruption 
and partisan rewards. When this bill, establishing the territorial government of 
Kansas and Nebraska, was passed, it was enacted that they should, when admitted as 
States, be admitted with or without slavery, as their constituents should provide. But 


this was not enough for the slaveholding States ; and, therefore, the Missouri Com- 
promise, which forbids slavery forever north of 36° 30' north latitude, that time- 
honored compact, that biU of repose for which the slave-holding States had received 
and secured forever their consideration ; that bill, w^hich was a Southern measure, 
passed by Southern votes, and claimed as a Southern victory, that bill which was 
forced by the South on the North — 

" But, sir, the North — although wronged, as she felt herself to be, by its passage — 
respected it and acquiesced in it ; but the South, with their few dough-faced allies of 
the North, repealed it after it had been sanctioned for over a period of thirty years, 
and this, too, be it remembered, without there being a single petition presented to 

Congress asking for it And then came the novel experiment of submitting the 

subject to the people w^ho should come into the Territory. This w^as done to admit 
slavery into that Territory which that compromise forbade ; and if the North submits 
to its introduction she will deserve to bear all the reproaches that the South heaps 

upon her Well, sir, this breach of faith in the repeal of the Missoviri compact 

w^as effected by making another plight of faith ; that is, by providing that the settlers 
of Kansas ' should be perfectly free to form and regulate their domestic institutions in 
their own w^ay.' " 

Mr. Sage, referring to the immigration from different States of the Union, said : 
" Has the Executive or the Congress kept their promise and executed that law ? No, 
sir, it has not been done ; the disclosures made by the report of the special committee 
sent to Kansas establish the fact that of the 6331 votes cast in March, 1855, for the 
election of the Legislative Assembly of Kansas, 4921 of them were cast by armed 
bands of the inhabitants of Missouri, w^ho invaded Kansas for that pvirpose on that 
occasion ; that only 1410 legal votes w^ere cast, and the majority of those w^ere for the 
free-State candidate, though most of the free-State voters were driven from the polls. 

The people in the Territory have not been left free, but have had their 

homes invaded and subjugated, and they are, and their institutions have been, con- 
trolled by the people of Missouri ; the arms of that State have been used against the 
free-State immigrants going to Kansas, by the tyrannical laws passed by that Assembly, 
and more tyrannically enforced by the officers by them appointed. The President of 
the United States has aided to enforce these laws, passed by usurpation and fraud. 
The complaints and appeals of the people in said Territory have been made in vain ; 
their representations have been treated with indifference and neglect ; the property of 
the fi-ee-State people has been destroyed and stolen ; their buildings have been burned ; 
their printing offices have been suppressed to prevent their making known the 


oppression, crimes and atrocities under which they were subjected ; the people have 
been hunted out ; they have been hung; they have been murdered; their cattle killed 
in their presence ; they have been warned, one after another, to leave the Territory, by 
violence, in large numbers. Yes, Mr. Chairman, you may find them fleeing from the 
midnight blaze of their own dwellings. You may find their bones bleaching on the 
green fields of their new country. You may find some of them here at the capitol of 
the nation, this very day, who have been indicted by this mockery of justice in Kansas 
for constructive treason, imploring the Executive and beseeching Congress to do some- 
thing, so that they may be allowed to have a fair and impartial trial by a change of 
place of trial to St. Louis, or any other place, except in Kansas, where there is not the 
first principle of justice administered towards free-State men." Mr. Sage then quotes 
firom the Senate report, which confirms all the statements he had made regarding the 
gross injustice and inhuman treatment of these people by the Kansas authorities, and 
then continues : 

"Having thus spoken of the cause of the present crisis in domestic affairs, I proceed 
to consider the contemplated objects to be attained by the report of the ' Missouri Com- 
promise Act,' which I believe to be the extension of human slavery into Kansas and 

" Down to the period of the commencement of the first Congress under General 
Taylor's administration, when a small number of Representatives from the South, led 
by two Representatives from Georgia [Toombs and Stevens], defeated the re-election 
of Hon. Robert C. Winthrop as Speaker of the House, because he would not commit 
himself by a pledge on the subject of slavery, such as no honorable man could give — 
the principles of the Missouri restriction had been voted for or approved of by most of 
the eminent and leading men of the South. But firom this period a new doctrine was 
proclaimed in behalf of the right of the slave power to extend slavery into any of the 
Territories of the United States, on the ground of its existence prior to the adoption of 
the Constitution ; and, therefore, it is claimed that slavery is not dependent upon or 
subject to any of the provisions of the Constitution. Well, sir, this is a little ahead of 
any higher law that I know of. I believe we have power over the subject of slavery 
in the Territories. So thought, and so did the Congress in 1820, when the South 
passed the Missouri Compromise Act ; when Charles Pinckney wrote a letter rejoicing 
over the result of its passage. 

"This, Mr. Chairman, was Thomas Jefferson's view of the power of Congress 
over the subject of slavery in 1784, not only in the Territories, but in the States to be 
formed out of the Territories. So thought the Congress in 1787, when the ordinance 


of that date was adopted, excluding slavery from the Northwestern Territory. So 
thought the Congress of 1789, under the Constitution, which recognized and confirmed 
the ordinance of 1789, w^hich w^as appointed by George Washington. So thought the 
Congress of 1800, which passed an act establishing a territorial government over the 
Territory of Indiana, which was approved by John Adams. So thought the Congress 
of 1805, in their act establishing a territorial government over Michigan. So thought 
the Congress of 1809, in their act establishing a territorial government over Illinois ; 
both of which last named acts were approved by Thomas Jefferson. So thought the 
Congress of 1834, in extending the jurisdiction of Michigan over Wisconsin and Iowa, 
which was approved by Andrew Jackson. So thought the Congress of 1836 and 1838, 
in their acts, also, establishing territorial government over W^isconsin and Iowa, w^hich 
were approved by Martin Van Buren. So thought the Congress of 1843, in their act 
establishing a territorial government over Oregon, which w^as approved by James K. 
Polk, Mr. Buchanan being a member of his Cabinet. So thought the Congress of 
1853, in their act establishing a territorial government over the Territory of W^ashing- 
ton, approved by Millard Fillmore. In all the aforementioned acts the slavery restric- 
tion or proviso of 1787 was incorporated, and slavery expressly prohibited. So thought 
Mr. Webster, in 1850, when he said that these compromises (1850) comprehend every 
inch of territory not disposed of by previous legislation." 

Mr. Sage cited many other authorities, and quoted from a letter of Millard Fill- 
more, of October 17, 1838, in which he replied to every question put to him by the 
Anti-Slavery Society in the affirmation. He quoted also from Henry Clay, who said, 
in 1850 : " I repeat that I never can, and never wiU vote, and no earthly power will make 
me vote, to spread slavery over territories where it does not exist." 

After giving statistics, comparing the population of the free and slave States in 
the Union, Mr. Sage said: 

" Thus it will be seen that the number of slave-owners, including men, women 
and children, is only about three hundred and forty-one thousand, and the free white 
population are six millions, in the slave States — or only about one in twenty of the 
white population in the slave States are slave-owners. Yet this small number, by a 
union of interest, and by the political importance given to slavery, rule these States 
absolutely and despotically ; the great majority of the people — a majority of nearly 
thirty to one — are never heard of, and have no more power in those States politically 
than the slaves its aristocratic rulers own ! This is truly astonishing ! But the con- 
dition of the General Government is more so. The free population of the Union is 
about twenty millions. The slave-owners now number some three hundred and 


forty-six thousand. For the past sixty years this number would average from one 
hundred and fifty to two hundred thousand ; yet the General Government is in their 
hands, and has been for the past fifty years, when the majority against them in the 
Union is as sixty to one ; still they hold the power, and the Government is directed and 
controlled by them, and has been almost ever since it has been in operation. And 
during all that time more than one-half the important offices of the Government— and 
I believe nearly two-thirds of those offices— have been filled by slave-holders to the 
exclusion of the great mass of the people of the United States. 

" The five pxirchased slaves States — Florida, Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana and Mis- 
souri contain 543,368 square miles. The territory thus added to the slave States by pur- 
chase, is larger by 89,025 square miles than the five States named. This excess is a 
a larger territory than is contained in seven of the free States, and this was all purchased ot 
extend slavery; while the free States admitted have been formed out of territory belonging 
to the United States when the government was established, and to which the ordinance of 
Jefferson and of freedom, prohibiting slavery, was applied by the fathers of the Republic. 

"The fifteen free States have 13,000,000 of free, white inhabitants; the fifteen 
slave States have 6,000,000 ; yet each have thirty Senators. True, the small States are 
entitled to two Senators each, as w^ell as the larger ones ; but this number of slave 
States extended over a large territory with a small population, make the dispropor- 
tioned representation of the two sections in the Senate palpably unjust. In Senators, 
the slave States have, by this system kept up a representation in the proportion of two 
to one as against free States. 

" In the House, the slave States' ninety members representing 6,000,000 of popula- 
tion; the free States' one hundred and forty-two members, representing 13,000,000. 
Upon the same rate with the slave States the free States should have one hundred 
and ninety-five members, a loss of fifty-three in the popular branch of the Government; 
that in which the popular voice is to be heard and the popular will expressed " 

Mr. Sage then takes up the condition of the several free States, comparing each of 
them with the slave States and says: "These eleven States (Virginia included) that 
gave in 1852 a less vote than New York for a president, have twenty-two Senators, while 
New York has only two. 

" Slaveholders have political advantages denied to all other men ! A man who 
owns one thousand slaves has the same political power over his slave property as six 
hundred inhabitants in the free States. His power is superior to that of most of the 
voters in a town of ordinary size. He has, besides, individually, the same political 


power as the richest man in a free State. This additional right — six hundred 
strong — is solely in consideration of his owning one thousand slaves as property." 

Referring to the aquisition of territory by the slave States he continued: "Yet the 
free States have paid more than two-thirds of the entire cost of these acquisitions of 
territory, and the consequent expenditures since incurred. They have borne their full 
share in the wars which led to or resulted from these aquisitions, in the expenditure of 
money and in the sacrifice of human life." 

Again reverting to the political affairs of Kansas and Nebraska he shows how these 
territories in their legislative enactments constantly disregard and violate the Constitu- 
tion of the United States. In closing this part of his speech Mr. Sage says : " Time 
will not permit me to go further into these Kansas law^s which Senator Clayton declared 
to be an outrage upon the rights of the people and the civilization of the age in which 
w^e live." Mr. Sage also quotes from the Detroit Free Press, w^hich declared, "But the 
President should pause long before treating as treasonable insurrection the action of 
those inhabitants of Kansas who deny the binding authority of the Missouri Kansas 
Legislature ; for, in our humble opinion, a people that would not be inclined to rebel 
against the acts of a legislative body forced upon them by fraud and violence, would be 
unw^orthy the name of American. If there was even justifiable cause for popular revolu- 
tion against a usurping and obnoxious government that cause has existed in Kansas." 

" But, sir," says Mr. Sage, "notwithstanding this appeal, the President of the United 
States has declared in his special message to Congress, in his proclamation, and in his 
orders to Gov. Shannon and Colonel Sumner, through the Secretary of State and 
Secretary of W^ar, that this code of territorial laws shall be enforced by the full exercise 
of his power. He knows their provision. He knows that these laws are in violation 
of the organic law organizing the Territory w^hich he signed. He knows they are in 
violation of the Constitution of the United States which he and we have sworn to 

During the debate a member from Alabama arose and endeavored to show that 
the slaveholders of the South came from a superior race of people with an ancestral 
line of which they had reason to feel proud, evidently thought that this fact ought to 
receive due consideration. He said : 

" Members from the North seem to think that the reason why the South has had 
so large a share in our governmental operations lies in the institution of slavery. I tell 
them they are mistaken ; it lies behind that institution. It is to be found in the adminis- 
trative faculty belonging to the early settlers of the State — the Cavaliers and Huguenots, 
and w^hich their descendants have inherited." Mr. Sage replied : 


" Well, sir, I rejoice in the boldness of this boast of superiority of birth and blood. 
I respect and honor the frank expression of one's sentiments as thus given; but I tell 
the gentleman that he is mistaken in the true character of the people of the North. 
True, they have not enjoyed the advantages of experience that the people of the South 
have in the governmental affairs of the Government, but this is solely owing to the 
sectional and aggressive spirit of the slave power. But, sir, the people of the North will 
not long remain under the vain and boasting charge; they intend to demand, and 
expect to receive, and take their fair and just proportion of the responsibilities in the 
administration of the Government. 

" If the people of the North are true to themselves, true to the best interests of their 
country, true to the Constitution and Union, as I know them to be, they will take the 
affairs of this Government into their own hands on the 4th of March next ; and then the 
gentleman from Alabama will have an opportunity of witnessing the honor, capacity, 
and justice of the people of the North to administer the affairs of the Government." 

In closing, Mr. Sage gives the remedy for the settlement of the disturbed conditions 
of the covintry. He says : " The remedy for the present unhappy state of affairs existing 
between the different sections of the country, is in a return to the principles of the early 
fathers of the Republic in the admission of Kansas as a free State for which we have 
precedents in the admission of Michigan and California, for which we have the approval 
of Judge McLean, w^ho said in his letter to Chief Justice Homblower of New Jersey, on 
the 6th of June last: "I have no hesitation in saying that the immediate admission of 
Kansas as a State into the Union under the Constitution already formed, commends 
itself to me as a measure of sotind policy, and well calculated to bring peace to the 
Territory and to the Country." 

" Oh, sir, if the South will pass the bill sent to it, restoring the Missouri Comprise 
restriction which protects the Territory to freedom north of 30° 30 ' north latitude forever, 
and liberates the freemen of Kansas that are unlawfully imprisoned there ; and provide 
for the reorganization of the territory until it is admitted into the Union as a State, they 
will do an act of justice which the country demands. Are not these just, reasonable 
and easy remedies — the true ones to restore peace and transquility in Kansas, and 
throughout the country ? " 

This speech of Mr. Sage made a most profound impression on the people of the 
whole coiantry, who were led to realize the gross injustice toward the people of Kansas 
and Nebraska. It did probably more to precipitate the great events that followed than 
any other public speech of that period. 


Referring to the great public work accomplished in the State and National councils 
by Mr. Sage, the Brooklyn Eagle in its issue of July 23, 1906, said, editorially: " New 
York city was the scene, and the enterprises centering there were the subject of Mr. 
Sage's greatest industry, patience, shrewdness and concentration during his very long 
life. Troy, however, is where he began work of saving and investment. There he also 
disclosed those qualities, which made him conspicuous as a public man. In Troy also 
is situated the institution to which Mr. Sage is known to have contributed. There was 
the theatre of the discoveries of his abilities and of his effective use of them as a store- 
keeper and as a speculator. There, also, was the scene of his early identification with 
public affairs, as a supervisor, as a county treasurer, as a member of two national 
congresses, as one of the organizers of the Republican party, as one of the ablest of 
^A^illiam H. Seward's friends, and as one of the advisers and upholders of Abraham 
Lincoln in the latter's first presidency. They reflected on and felt for Mr. Sage more 
honor than Manhattan ever did or felt for him. 

" It is well to look at the Russell Sage of Troy. That man was a politician in the 
not bad sense of the word. He believed in the conservative Whiggism of Seward, and 
the support of the conservative Whig election of Zachary Taylor. He influenced that 
President to give to Seward's friends the Federal patronage which Seward's "Whig 
opponents sought for themselves and for the undoing of Seward in politics. The Troy 
Sage afterward took part in the formation of the Republican party and in the endeavors 
to elect Fremont to the Presidency. He shared in the honorable failure to make Sew^ard 
President in 1860, which resulted in the discovery of Abraham Lincoln. From that time 
the sequence of the reestablishment of the Union and the Emancipation of the slaves. 

"All this involved settled purpose, a degree of moral courage, and a devotion to 
liberty. Identifications with these results made labor for them a valuable inspiration 
and instruction. With them for Mr. Sage was involved four years membership of the 
congresses which secured our territory to freedom, and which educationally prepared 
the North for Republicanism, and the Republicanism itself for the stew^ardship of the 
great purposes it long subserved and to which under Roosevelt, it is in part still com- 
mitted in our history. 

"As indivisible Union, opposition to the extension of slavery, the overthrow of 
rebellion, and the accomplishment of emancipation w^ere the results w^hich still stir the 
pulses, broaden the heart and glorify the brain. They outclass civil service reform, 
specie payments, expansion, the curbing of corporations and natiomal irrigation, the 
the creation or the enrichment of educational institutions and any other of the contem- 
porary causes which broaden and better, and beautify our present life. 


"None of these contemporary results would have been possible with slavery- 
perpetuated, with Secession recognized, and with the breaking up of our Union into a 
series of petty republics, wrangling as well as petty. Mr. Sage's earlier life confronted 
and helped accomplish the greatest achievements of our nineteenth century politics. 
Had his career not extended beyond that limit, his fame had been more, his usefulness 
more, and only his wealth less. 

"Those who think we exaggerate his political importance at that time should 
now recall that the second election to Congress was marked by the largest majority 
any human being ever won in his district, and was followed by his appointment on 
the Committee on Ways and Means. That is a distinction which not ten Congress- 
men in all our national history ever won, after so short a period of service. And his 
career in politics was advanced as well as interpreted by speeches which still survive 
as arguments for freedom and for union in our political annals." 

On all occasions Mr. Sage jealously guarded the rights of the House against what 
he considered the infringements of the Senate. On March 3, 1857, after boldly 
criticising what appeared to him an act of gross injustice by the Senate, the Speaker 
ruled that " it w^as clearly out of order to refer to the proceedings of the Senate." 

Mr. Sage replied that " there was something which took place in another place 
that w^ould justify the members of this House, if they entertain that respect for them- 
selves, w^hich I think they do, in standing firm upon what they believe to be their 
rights. There w^as every concession made at the first conference to meet the views 
of the committee upon the report of the Senate ; so much so that they signed a report. 
After that concession upon the part of the House the report was submitted to the 
Senate, but it was not received. On the contrary, there were threats thrown out that 
if the Senate only adhered, they would make the House do as they had made them do 
before. The result has been a second committee of conference. 

" In addition to that resolution, which passed the House by almost unanimous 
consent yesterday, it has been treated in the same manner. No disposition has been 
manifested to comply with the wishes of the House, though expressed by a two-thirds 
vote. But I will not consume the time of the House in discussing this matter. I hope 
the House will stand firm, and let the Senate understand that we have some rights as 
well as the gentlemen at the other end of the Capitol." 

Melatiah E. Dwight, in The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record for 
October, 1906, in referring to Mr. Sage's public career, said : " In 1848 he was a dele- 
gate to the National Convention of the W^hig party. He controlled twenty-eight out 
of the thirty-two New York delegates, and took a leading part in the nomination of 


General Zachary Taylor for the presidency. It was at his suggestion that the Con- 
vention nominated Millard Fillmore for Vice-President. This selection by Mr. Sage 
of Fillmore for Vice-President made him President, for General Taylor died while in 
office and FiUmore succeeded him. The part taken by him in General Taylor's 
nomination gave him much influence with the President, and when the latter disre- 
garded the nominations for federal office made by Mr. Seward, who was then United 
States Senator for New York, Mr. Sage was chosen as the best representative of the 
Seward W^higs, to convince the President that his prejudices were unfounded. He 
visited Washington, saw General Taylor, and was entirely successful in his mission. 
In 1850 Mr. Sage was nominated for Congress by the Troy W^higs, but owing to the 
defection of a faction of the party opposed to Mr. Seward, he was defeated. He w^as 
again nominated in 1852, and was elected by a small majority. Two years later he 
was returned to Congress by the unprecedented majority of seven thousand votes. 
During his four years in Congress the great talents of Mr. Sage in financial matters 
found recognition in his appointment as a member of the \Vays and Means Com- 
mittee, the most important committee of the House. He served also on the Invalid's 
Pension Committee, which had charge of the pensions incurred by the Mexican "War, 
and took part in the five weeks' struggle which finally resulted in the election of Nath- 
aniel P. Banks as Speaker. But the incident in his Congressional career which 
brought him most reputation w^as the appointment of a committee through his efforts 
to inquire into the condition of W^ashington's old estate at Mount Vernon, Va. The 
committee's report bore ftiiit in the formation of the Mount Vernon Association, the 
purchase of the estate, and its dedication as a permanent memorial of the Father of 
his Country. 

" At the end of his second term, notwithstanding his success in political life, Mr. 
Sage determined to abandon politics and devote himself exclusively to business. He, 
therefore, declined another nomination. The panic of 1857, which ruined so many, 
while it left him comparatively unscathed, had an important effect upon his business 
career. He had advanced considerable money in the La Crosse Railroad. To protect 
his loans he found himself compelled to advance yet larger amounts, and finally, 
through legal proceedings, to become owner of the road, which ultimately extended 
into the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul system. This opened to him a wider 
entrance into the transportation business of the country. It would be hard to point to 
a man who took a greater part in the development of American railroads. During 
his career he achieved the presidency of no less than twenty corporations. He was 
connected in an official capacity, at one time or another, with the Iowa Central ; Union 


Pacific ; Missouri Pacific ; St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern ; Wabash, Texas 
and Pacific; Troy and Bennington; Troy and Boston; Delaware, Lackawanna and 
Western; Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul; Manhattan Elevated, and other railroads. 
He was one of the largest stockholders in Manhattan Elevated, and took an active 
part in its management. One of his favorite ideas concerning elevated roads was that 
they should be double-decked, so that express trains might run on the upper tracks. 
Other enterprises in which he had been active are the Pacific Mail Steamship Com- 
pany; the Mercantile Trust Company; the Importers and Traders National Bank; 
Western Union Telegraph ; International Ocean Telegraph and American Telegraph 
and Cable Companies; the Standard Gas Light Company, and the Fifth Avenue Bank 
— of which he was one of the founders and the only one living at the time of his 

" In 1863 Mr. Sage gave up his Troy business altogether, and removed to New 
York, to devote himself wholly to the promotion of his own and other railroads, and 
to operate in stocks. He opened an office in William Street, and gave his first atten- 
tion to Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul securities. Later he extended his interest to 
other railroads, and gradually enlarged his field of operations until it covered nearly 
the whole range of stocks listed on the Exchange. He was unsurpassed as a judge of 
values, and his success became proverbial. It is said that only once did he sustain 
any great loss. This was at the time of the failure of Grant CBi Ward, in 1884. He 
was the originator of the system of the sale of privileges, and did a large business in 
what are know^n as ' puts ' and ' calls.' He said that he started this business to assist 
brokers of moderate means. But it was as the largest operator in cash loans that 
Mr. Sage was generally known. Certainly no other individual did so large a business 
in lending cash on loans, subject to be called for payment at any time. W^ith his 
millions lent under such circumstances, it is easy to perceive that in the event of his 
death, if all of his loans of this nature should be called in, serious disturbance in the 
price of securities might follow. It is illustrative of Mr. Sage's character that he took 
steps to avoid any such disaster. He prepared a special form of contract for all cash 
loans, whereby it was expressly stated that upon the death of the lender the loan 
should not be called merely for that reason. One of the features of Mr. Sage's finan- 
cial career was his friendship with Jay Gould. They had come together as promoters 
of the Atlantic and Pacific Telegraph Company, which was later merged into the 
Western Union. Until Mr. Gould's death Mr. Sage counted the day lost in which he 
did not spend an hour with Mr. Gould at the luncheon prepared for the directors of the 
Western Union, of which Mr. Sage was one, until the time of his death. Their trust 


in each other -was implicit. The fortune of either was ready to help the other out. 
Mr. Sage was the more astute of the two in the opinion of many. 

"On December 4, 1891, Mr. Sage, while in his office at 71 Broadway, escaped 
instant death as by a miracle. An insane crank, Henry W. Norcross, of SomerviUe, 
Mass., entered the office, carrying a bag loaded with dynamite, and demanded that the 
sum of $1,200,000 be given him immediately or he would blow up the building. Mr. 
Sage saw^ that he was in the presence of a madman, rose and retreated from him, 
whereupon the maniac exclaimed, ' "Well, then, here goes ! ' and lifting the bag high in 
air, dashed it violently upon the floor. The explosion which followed blew off the 
dynamiter's head, killed a clerk, injured others, and wrecked the office. Mr. Sage w^as 
much shaken, and received wounds in front, but w^as able to return to business in a 
few^ days. One of those most injured was William R. Laidlaw, w^ho had called upon 
some brokerage business. Laidlaw brought suit for damages against Mr. Sage, claim- 
ing that the latter had seized him by the shoulder and swung him round, using his 
body as a shield against the force of the explosion. The jury aw^arded Laidlaw^ 
$25,000 damages. Mr. Sage was much criticised for refusing to pay this judgment. 
But he believed that he had not used Laidlaw as a shield, and naturally sought to 
defend himself against this imputation of his courage. He appealed from the verdict, 
and obtained a new trial, in which the jury failed to agree. At the third trial Joseph 
H. Choate appeared for the plaintiff, and obtained a judgment for $43,000. Again 
Mr. Sage appealed, and in January, 1899, the Court of Appeals reversed the judgment. 
' There are certain physical facts,' so stated the Court in its opinion, ' established by 
the proof, and uncontradicted, which tend to show that the plaintiff's theory that he 
was in front of the defendant, was impossible. If, as claimed by the plaintiff, the 
defendant employed his body as a shield, and it was between him and the place of the 
explosion, it is quite difficult to comprehend how the missies which were found in the 
defendant's body in front and near the median line could have reached him.' 

" No one can follow Mr. Sage's career without being convinced that he was a 
man of remarkable and varied powers. He could have succeeded in almost any field 
of action that he might have chosen. He could have continued in the political arena 
and become one of the foremost statesmen of this nation. He chose rather the 
largest, hardest and most dangerous field of all — the development of the transporta- 
tion system of the country. For Mr. Sage, above all else, and from first to last, was a 
promoter and manager of railroads. That he was also a lender of money, particularly 
in his old age, was merely an incident in his long and useful life. ' He was an 
American, and loved his country,' said Henry Clews, on hearing of his death. ' He 


loved his country, believed in it, and was ready, therefore, to venture as well as labor 
in its behalf. He made it his purpose to assure and advance its prosperity.' ' My 
aim in life,' so he declared in an interview which was published Dec. 19, 1897, in the 
New York Herald, ' has been to do my share in developing the material resources of the 
country. I have spent millions on the railroad systems of the United States, and am 
now connected with more than twenty thousand miles of railroad, and with twenty- 
seven different corporations.' 

" It has been said that Mr. Sage was ' a man of peculiarities.' If this means that 
he was a man of strong individuality it is measurably true. In several ways he was 
different from his associates. He loved work for its own sake, and found his greatest 
pleasure in doing it w^ell. This was so marked a trait in his disposition that it was 
popularly believed he never took a vacation. While this was untrue, yet he himself 
has recorded his opposition to the vacation habit, saying that it was ' the outgrowth of 
abnormal business methods.' It is easy to say that he loved his work for its own sake, 
and say that he loved it rather for the gains it brought him. But greed is never just, 
although it is sometimes generous. Mr. Sage, however, was a just man. ' One of his 
peculiarities,' said John F. Dillon, in a w^arm tribute to him ' that stood out above all, 
was his integrity in everything, even to the smallest things.' Another of his traits was 
his frugality. It is this feature of his character w^hich has provoked more criticism of 
Mr. Sage than any other. His name, indeed, has become a synonym for economy in 
the midst of riches. It may be questioned w^hether he did not render good service to 
his country by such a conspicuous example of simple living. But this is certain, it is 
of vastly more importance to the community that a man make his money honestly 
than spend it generously. The veriest miser who hoards his gold to gloat over it is 
immeasurably less of an enemy to society than the rich man who makes his millions 
by unjust methods, though he fare as sumptuously as Dives, and feed every Lazarus 
laid at his gate. Mr. Sage was honest and straightforward in all his dealings. It is 
true that he was surprisingly economical for one so rich, yet his fi-ugality has been 
greatly exaggerated. He was unassuming in his disposition, and his personal wants 
were few. He cared little for luxuries, but those he wanted he enjoyed and paid for. 
He lived in a good house, and kept a good stable, for he loved horses, and his one 
pleasure, except business, was to drive them. He did not hoard his money, but caused 
it to circulate. Until far advanced in age, he staked it boldly in the promotion of the 
railroads and telegraphs of the country, and sometimes lost it — to all appearances with 
equanimity. He had, indeed, a horror of extravagance in any form ; but this feeling 
is commendable. Another trait of his character was his fidelity. He was faithful to 


his word, his friends, his family, and to the many corporations in which he was a 
director. He stood firm and true for nearly half a century at the very center of trust 
in the financial world, and in the fierce and sometimes unfriendly light of publicity. 
He was an officer in twenty-seven great corporations, and for many years was in the 
thickest of the struggle for commercial advantages ; yet never was his uprightness 
denied by his associates. As one of them has lately testified : ' His financial operations 
have always been without reproach.' He acknowledged, also, his religious and moral 
obligations. In his maturity, when thirty-four years old, he united with the Presby- 
terian Church of Troy, and since that time the churches of his choice have found in 
him a devout and constant worshipper. ' I have always tried,' he said, 'to do my duty 
to my brother man, and to the community in w^hich I lived, and this will be a great 
comfort to me when I depart this life.' " 

The New YotI^ Times said of Mr. Sage : " It would be hard to find a man who took 
a deeper interest in the development of American railroads than Mr. Sage. During 
his career he achieved the presidency of no less than twenty railroad corporations. He 
was, living, the only survivor of the original Board of Directors of the New York 
Central. He was connected in an official capacity, at one time or another, with the 
Iowa Central, Union Pacific, Missouri Pacific, St. Louis, Iron Mountain, and Southern 
"Wabash, Texas and Pacific, Troy and Bennington, Delaware, Lackawanna and 
Western, Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul, the Manhattan, and other railroads." 

Colonel Henry Watterson, the great democratic leader and editor of the Louisville 
Courier Journal, said of Mr. Sage : 

" I knew Russell Sage from my early boyhood. When he first came to Congress 
from the Troy district, a very rugged pine knot, apparently from the backwoods ; he 
lived at Willard's Hotel, where my father's family made their abode. I called him 
' Uncle Russell ' from the time I was twelve or thirteen years old until I last saw him 
ten or twelve years ago. During the Presidency of Dr. Green in the W^estern Union 
Telegraph Company — that is for twelve or fifteen years — I constantly met him at 
luncheon. He was always the same exuberant, affectionate, and apparently simple- 
minded man I had known in my childhood. 

" The simplicity of Mr. Sage's life and the plainness of dress were proverbial, and 
his food was of the simplest and plainest kind, which may account in a measiire for 
his great longevity." 

Dr. Schmuck, his family physician, said of him : "After many years of close asso- 
ciation with him, I can say that it was his home and his own family that he appeared 


at his best. He was considerate of every one who came near him, and tried to save 
them trouble and inconvenience." 

Another, referring to the great helpfulness of his wife, said : " With her, Mr. 
Sage's home life was a happy one. Of all the good bargains he made, so his friends 
were wont to declare, his marriage to this estimable woman [Margaret Olivia (Slocum) 
Sage] was the best, and, among the maxims of Mr. Sage, to which he said that he 
owed his success, is one that intimates his own appreciation of her worth : ' The tender 
care of a good wife is the finest thing in the world.' " 

Mr. Sage's first wife was Maria Winne, daughter of Moses L. Winne, of Troy, 
N. Y., to whom he was married in 1841 ; she died in 1867. Two years later he mar- 
ried Margaret Olivia Slocum, daughter of Hon. Joseph Slocum, of Syracuse, N. Y. 

The Genealogical and Historical record of the Sage and AUied Families indicate 
the prevailing family traits w^hich none can fail to recognize in the life of Russell Sage, 
notably his invincible courage, ardent patriotism, and unimpeachable integrity. Not 
one of his American ancestors, as the record proves, ever led a life of idleness, but by 
the " sweat of their brow they earned their bread." Industrious, self-reliant and inde- 
pendent they were, but with a due regard to the rights of others, and the happiness 
and comfort of their fellow-men. Part II. of this work contains the history of the 
Slocum and Allied Families — the line of Mrs. Margaret Olivia (Slocum) Sage, and 
includes many of the leading New York and New England families, notably, the 
Germains, Piersons, Josselyns, Browns, Standishes, etc. 

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At a meeting of the Directors of the Manljattatt Eatlway Qlnmpang. held on 
Tuesday, the fourteenth day of August, Nineteen hundred and six, the following 

Prpamblf anJ» &0ol«ttnn were offered by Mr. John Terry ; and being seconded by 
Hon. Samuel Sloan w^ere unanimously adopted 

Wijprfaa: At a ripe and extended age it has pleased Divine Providence to 
remove l|ntt. Suaarll ^agf. who, since the ninth day of November, 1881, has been a 
Director and member of the Executive Committee of this Company ; and who for 
twenty-five years has freely given to the service of this Company the benefit of his 
great experience in business affairs, his wisdom in solving the many difficult problems 
of the Company's existence, and his untiring industry in his attention to its interests ; 

SfBfllopJi: That this Board learns of his death with regret, and extends its 
sympathy to the members of his family at their loss. 

His life illustrates the success that cannot fail to attend upon the untiring dis- 
charge of duty in connection w^ith great pecuniary and business responsibilities. 

His intelligence, his industry and thrift met with great and inevitable reward. 

His public service w^hile in Congress, w^hile beneficial to his constituents, broadened 
his sphere of action and enlarged the field of his activities. 

This Board desires to record its sense of his great service to this Company and 
its stockholders, and directs that this Resolution be entered upon its minutes, and a 
copy thereof be duly engrossed and sent to the widow^ of their departed colleague. 

D. W. McWILLIAMS, President. 



At a regular meeting of the Board of Directors of ©Iff Sfxaa anb Partfit Satlutaa 
Qlampan^, held on Wednesday, September Nineteenth, Nineteen hundred and six, formal 
announcement of the death of Mr. Suaa^U ^agt having been made by the President, 
the following Resolutions in respect to his memory were adopted. 

Uf aoliifb : That it is with deep regret that this Board recognizes the loss it has 
sustained in the death of Mr. Suaaf U §>agf . who, for twenty-six years served in its 
counsels, and brought to the performance of his duties the wise judgment, and integrity 
of purpose for which he was distingxaished. 

His eminent position in the world of finance, and intimate relations with corporate 
interests, rendered his counsels potential and of great value. 

SfBolopii : That a copy of the foregoing Resolutions suitably engrossed be sent to 
the widow of Mr. Sage to whom the Board tenders its sincere sympathy in her 

George J. Gould 
Samuel Sloan 
John L. Terry 
Howard J. Gould 
John P. Munn 
Frank Jay Gould 
R. M. Gallaway 

E. T. Jeffery 
Winslow S. Pierce 
J. J. Slocum 
A. S. Hopkins 
L. S. Thome 
T. T. Eckert 
C. E. Satterlee 

IV 1 

abasli ISatlrcaJi (Unmiiang 

At a special meeting of the Board of Directors of the Habaalj iSatlroab (dntttpattg. 
held Thvirsday, August Ninth, Nineteen hundred and six, the following Resolutions 
w^ere unanimously adopted. 

Untfb : That this Board has heard with deep regret, of the death of Mt. ISuBSf U 
^agf , a Member of the Board since the organization of the Company, and one whose 
services w^ere alw^ays at the command of the Company. 

His good judgment always proved of benefit; and his associates desire to put upon 
record their appreciation of his many sterling qualities. He will be greatly missed by 
his associates, not only on this Board, but on others ; and it is desired to record this 
expression of their regard. 

HotFb : That a copy of these resolutions be spread upon the minutes, and an en- 
grossed copy sent to Mrs. Sage. 

Attest Chairman of Board. 



I V 

The Directors of the Jnma (E^ntral ISatluiag fflntttpang, of which Board Mr. ISuhs^U 
^agf was an honored member, desire to place upon record their appreciation of his 
services to the Company during the many years of his connection with it, and their 
personal tribute to his memory. 

Mr. Sage became a Director of the low^a Central Railway in February, 1889, and 
filled that position until the time of his death. He w^as Vice-President in September, 
1889; and in the following year became President, which office he held until September, 
1897 ; and, with the exception of two years, he was a member of the Executive Com- 
mittee from 1889 to 1904. During the entire period of his connection with this Com- 
pany, Mr. Sage gave to its interests the close attention, and served it with the fidelity 
so characteristic of the man; never failing of attendance upon the meetings of the 
Board except in case of illness; while, by his uniform courtesy and. geniality, he w^on the 
esteem and sincere regard of all his associates. 

&anlwii : That this minute be spread upon the records of the Company and that 
a copy of the same, suitably engrossed, be sent to Mrs. Sage. 

A. C. DOAN, 


This was accompanied by the following letter. 

Jotua (Upntral Satlmag (Ha. 

Broad-Exchange, 25 Broad St. 

EDWIN HAWLEY, Presidenl 

New York, Sept. 14, 1906. 
Mrs. Russell Sage, 
Lawrence, L. I. 

My Dear Mrs. Sage : 

As a personal friend of your husband as well as on behalf of the 
Board of Directors of the Joma Ql^tttral ISatlmag (Eompatty, I beg to tender you the 
accompanying Memorial in which we have attempted to express our sincere apprecia- 
tion of his sterling qualities, and our profound regret, that in the evitable course of 
events he should be removed from amongst us. 

Very truly yours, 


[VI 1 

Extract from the Minutes of the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors 
of the Wssttrn Intnn Spkgrjqjlj Ol0mpan}j ; meeting held, July 25, 1906 : 

The Chair announced the death, since the last meeting of Mr. SubhfU ^agf : 
whereupon the following was adopted : 

In the death of Mr. Sage this Company has lost a loyal friend and one of its 
warmest supporters. 

For twenty years he w^as a member of the Board of Directors, and of all the 
principal committees; and as long as his health permitted he was faithful in attendance 
upon the meetings, and took an active part in the direction of the Company's affairs. 

^isalvih : That the Committee gratefully records its appreciation of Mr. Sage's 
faithful service, and its acknowledgement of his sturdy independence of character and 
of the unassviming simplicity of his manner. 

^tsalvth : That this Committee sympathize deeply with the family in their afflic- 
tion, and that a copy of this Minute be sent to them. 




N^m fork ^tork lExrliang^ 

The members of the '^tat ^atk Btatk lExrifangf having been informed of the death 
of their former associate, iSuaaf 11 ^age, desire herewith to extend to the family of the 
deceased their sincere sympathy for the loss sustained. 



New York, July 23, 1906. 

L viii ] 

Jtftli Au^nu? lank 

At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the 3FtftI} Atipnuf lank of New York, 
held July 26th, 1906, the following Minute was adopted : 

A large majority of the foimders of the Jfftftlj Avmne Sank have passed away. 
One of this number the l^on. Suaapll ^agp, died on July 22, 1906. 

Mr. Sage in his early manhood was a member of Congress, and a follower of the 
principals and policy of Henry Clay. 

He was for many years a power in financial circles of New York. 

His long and ceaseless activity included the period when the great railroads of the 
country were created, and the later era of the consolidation and reorganization. 

He was a director in many important corporations, and left his impress upon the 
progress of this country for three generations. 

Mr. Sage w^as for thirty years a prominent and useful member of the Board, and 
his strong and genial personality will be long remembered by his associates. 

The foregoing was ordered to be spread upon the Minutes, and a copy be sent to 
Mrs. Sage with an expression of the cordial sympathy of the members of this Board. 

B. H. FANCHER, President. 



®I|0 Jmport^rfi ^nh ExuhtvB Nattottal lank nf N^tu fork 

New York, July 24, 1906. 
Mrs. Russell Sage, 

Lawrence, L. I., N. Y. 

Dear Madam : 

At a regular meeting of the Board of Directors of E\}i Umpavtnn attJii 
®rai»pra National Mmik of 'Ntm fork held this day, the following : 

Prtattlbb anb SeaoluttotlH were unanimously adopted, and a copy of them is here- 
with transmitted to you in accordance with the provisions thereof: 

OTIjfrfaa: The Board of Directors of this bank have heard with deep regret of the 
death of their Associate Director and Vice-President, Mr. Susa^U B'agp. when full of 
years at the advanced age of ninety, who has been a director of this bank since 1864, 
and the President since 1868 ; and desire to record their appreciation of him, and his 
services to this bank ; therefore : 

SpaolupJi : That in the death of Russell Sage, the directors of the bank have lost 
a personal friend whom they esteemed most highly for his marked abilities, and for his 
many sterling qualities, and the geniality always displayed in his long association with 
them ; and that the bank has lost a director and officer who, through his long years' 
connection with it, was ever thoughtful of its interests, jealous of its credit, giving to it 
freely the benefit of his wise counsel and advise. 

Sfaoltifii : That this Preamble and Resolution be spread upon the Minutes of the 
bank and that a copy of them be sent to his widow^, with the assurance of the deep 
sympathy of the members of this Board for her in her affliction and sorrow^. 

Yovirs respectfully, 



I X 

111 Broadway 
New York, August 15, 1906. 

At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the Inttpb BtnUB (Bunmntte ®0tttpang, 
held this day, the following Spsolution was unanimously adopted : 

Staolwh ; That it is with deep regret that the Directors have to record the recent 
death of My, SuaajU ^ags, one of the incorporaters and a Director of this Company 
since its organization in 1890 ; and the officers of the Company are directed to convey 
to the widow of the deceased an expression of the sincere sympathy of this Board, and 
of the appreciation of Mr. Sage's character; of his wise and conservative counsel, and 
of his efforts in promoting their Company's interests. 

A true copy from the Minutes. 



New York, August 15, 1906. 
Mrs. Russell Sage, 

Lawrence, L. I. 

Dear Madam : 

I beg to enclose a copy of Spa0lutton adopted at the first meeting of 
the Company's Directors occurring since the decease of Mr. Sage, and to convey the 
assurance of my respect and sympathy. 

Very truly yours, 




®ljp OlntiBoltbat^b dual Cnmpang nf Bt Horns 

At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the QIottaoltiiatpi» Qloal (Enmpang nf 
^t- ICout0, held in New York on October third, Nineteen hundred and six, it was 

l&SBohxth : That in the death of Mv. iSusafU B'agf , a member of this Board since 
the organization of the Company; his fellow Directors feel that they have lost one 
w^hose judgment and experience were always at the service of the Company ; and they 
desire to express their appreciation of the services he rendered, and of the unfailing 
support that he gave to the Company. The Board desires to put on record the ex- 
pression of their regard. 

^taalxtsh : That a copy of these Resolutions be spread upon the Minutes, and an 
engrossed copy sent to Mrs. Sage. 


Asst. Secretary. 


lEmma UtUarb Alumnae KBBamtxm 

In the death of the i|ottorablp HuaatU ^age. Smma lliUarb Alumna? Aaanrtatinn of 
New York feel that they have lost one of their best and most valuable friends. 

From the inception of this Association he has shown the deepest interest in its 
welfare and progress, and in all ways in his power he has aided us in our work ; and 
his removal from these earthly scenes is a personal grief to each and all of us. 

His gift of Russell Sage Hall was most generous and timely; as it helped to restore 
to its pristine glory a famous institution, and enabled it to keep its place as the pioneer 
in America of the higher education of women. 

In recognizing the indebtedness of our Association to him we wish to pay tribute 
to the noble w^orth of the man, and his many kind acts, w^hich gave the assurance that 
his aims w^ere of the highest. 

Those who knew him best are the first to acknowledge the virtues of his manhood, 
his sterling integrity, his Christian Character, and the warmth of his friendship. 

But if we mourn our loss, how terrible must his passing away be to (fur 'Eilavth 
l^xsBxhent, for so many years his companion and associate in the work of his life; sharing 
w^ith him pleasures and pains, as w^ell as charities, and the labor of helping others. She 
made for him an ideal home, where he was always sure to find effection, sweet counsel 
and peace. 

To her in this sad hour w^e tender our deepest sympathy, and we pray that in the 
years to come heaven's choicest blessings may be hers. 

Now the silver chord is loosed, and the golden bowl is broken, and the spirit has 
returned to God who gave it. But we know on the resurrection mooning there will be 
for them a glorious reunion. 


Mrs. John C. Havemeyer Mrs. Randolph W. Townsend 

Mrs. Allen C. Washington Mrs. William S. Searles 

Mrs. Mary Knox Robinson Miss Marie Stevenson 

Mrs. Charles A. Edwards Mrs. Lucius W^ilson 

Mrs. Charles E. Patterson Mrs. Titus E. Eddy 


®r0g iF^mal^ ^^mtnar^ 

At a meeting of the Trustees of the Qlrng iFptnalf ^f tntnarg, lEmma lItUarJ» ^rljonl, 
announcement having been made of the decease, July 22, 1906, of ^an. UuaacU ^agf, a 
member of this Board, Benefactor of this institution, it was 

&anlttpii : That there be included in its permanent records the following Minute : 

In the death of iRuBSfU i>agj, the Smtna 3itUar& ^tlfool loses one of its oldest 

One w^ho, by his prominence in the financial world and by the sturdy integrity of 
his character, as well as by his generous gifts, dignified the office which he held. 

1Su00pU Buqs ^txll, erected through the munificence of Mr. Sage, is a ilottum^nt 
that reveals the impulses of a sturdy and manly heart in hours when fi-ee fi-om the 
cares and ambitions of business, it w^as left at liberty to dwell on cherished things that 
had touched and strengthened it in the more quiet paths of life. 

The Building is more than anything else his expression of admiration for noble 
devoted w^omanhood. It commemorates the impression that w^omanly gentleness, 
purity, aspiration and wisdom, were able to w^ork upon a nature involved in the most 
engrossing and intricate of affairs. 

Inspired by two earnest women, one Mrs. Willard, long since deceased, w^ho 
stimulated his early efforts by wise encouragement. 

The other, still living, ever at his side, alert to seek and glad to find objects of en- 
nobling love and care. 

He built to one, and for the other, Russell Sage Hall. It stands as if at a gateway 
to his inner life an unconscious tribute to himself 

In this hour of affliction, the Board emphasises this record that discloses so fairly 
a nature that was not wont to seek publicity. 

ISpsnlof J» : That the above Minute be commiinicated by the Secretary to the family 
of the deceased, and published in the papers of this city. 

Troy, N. Y., July 23, 1908. 


[ XIV 1 

At a meeting of the Trustees of the ^ttiBBslmr fal^Utl^mt SuBtitttU of Eraij, iN. %. 
held on August 2, 1906, the following resolution was unanimously adopted: 

The Secretary of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute is directed to enter in the 
minutes this Expression of Appreciation of the life and services of l^an. iSusHpU ^agr 
lately deceased. 

For ten years one of our Trustees. 

Rising to a position of world-wide prominence in finance, renowned alike for great 
ability, industry and integrity, leading a life of Simplicity and Uprightness, whereby he 
attained to an age rarely reached by man. 

It is fitting that his associates in this Board testify to their appreciation of his un- 
usual gifts and steadfastness ; essentials to the highest success. 

His Useful Life in the upbuilding of great enterprises and the conduct of large 
financial affairs points to the emphasis to be placed on untiring energy, intelligence and 

The Board of Trustees take this opportunity of expressing their sympathy for 
Mrs. Sage in her great bereavement. 

Let a copy of this minute be published in the daily papers, and let an engrossed 
copy be sent to the w^idow of the deceased. 





1 XV 

®ljf Sf naa^tor Qlountg ^nrwtg ttt lljf Qlitg of Nf tu fork deeply mourns the loss by 
death of its Foiirth Vice-President, the Ifnnnrabk SuHBf U Bui^. 

This is the first death in the Society since its recent organization. 

W^e desire in offering our profound sympathy to his widow, for so many years his 
beloved and faithful companion, to place on record a testimonial to his sterling character. 

The City of Troy was honored for many years by the residence of Russell Sage, 
and in selecting him as its representative in some of the most important stations in 
public life. He never failed to fully and satisfactorily meet any responsibility that was 
placed before him. 

Fearless, Faithful, Honest and Honorable, the splendid record of his long life is left 
without a stain. 

In this time of reckless extravagance and luxurious display we may well have a 
lesson from the quiet, simple and successful life of this self-made man, who, overcoming 
all adversities, and with no adventitious aid, rose from poverty to wealth and finally 
wielded an influence — especially in the financial world — that few have been able to 

We mourn the death of our honored and respected associate. 

New York City, July the Twenty-sixth, 
One Thousand Nine Hundred and Six. 

John A. Sleicher, President. 
Walter J. McCoy 
Benjamin D. Benson 
Jeauvard Simmons 
W^illiam R. Newely 



OH^risttan KuBmmtmn 

3 West Twenty -ninth Street, New York Cit\) 
Jlrmy and tNjavy T)epartTnent 

Silver Bay, Lake George, 
Aug. 6. 1906. 

Mrs. Russell Sage, 

Fifth Avenue, New York 

Dear Mrs. Sage : 

At a gathering of the Army and Navy Secretaries in conference here 
the undersigned were appointed a committee to express to you our deep sympathy and 
regret in your recent bereavement. 

May you continually feel the blessed ministry of Him who " was a man of sorrows 
and acqxiainted with grief." 

Very sincerely, 




®I|^ Mntersttg of Woost^r 


Wooster, Ohio, July 31, 1906. 

Mrs. Russell Sage, 

New York. 

My dear friend Mrs. Sage :- 

I wish to express to you the sincere sympathy of the Board of 
Trustees, faculty and students of Sljf llntwrjattg of Hooater. in the great loss which has 
come to you in the death of your beloved husband, Mr. ^agf . 

The partings of life are great sorrows. They come to us all. Sorrows seem to 
be the common lot of all mankind, and yet we, w^ho have our faith in Jesus Christ 
sorrow^ not as those who have no faith, for we know that our dear ones are safe in the 
arms of Jesus, and that we, too, shall meet them with the redeemed around the Great 
White Throne. 

I rejoice to see the testimony which Mr. ^agj has borne concerning his beloved 
wife to all the world in his magnificent will. What an honor this first and foremost 
business man has conferred upon you to intrust to your wise heart and mind, the dis- 
tribution of so vast a fortune. In so doing, he has endeared his name to every true 
husband and faithful wife. He has honored a married relation by keeping its vow to 
the letter unto the end of life. 

May the God of peace and comfort come into your soul and make your remaining 
years most happy and most blessed, is our sincere wish and prayer. 

Very sincerely yours, 



L xviii 

August 14, 1906. 
My Dear Mrs. Sage :- 

The Managers of the " ffittllt iiflll|?r'a " AtiJ ABBortattnn at their last 
regular meeting passed resolutions expressing sympathy with you in the great loss you 
have sustained in the death of your husband, and desire to convey to you their deep 
felt condolence and warm appreciation of your sad bereavement. 

Yours Sincerely, 



XIX 1 


'TpHERE has been much speculation and many conjectures regarding the origin of 
* the Sage family, but the evidence to sustain the many theories advanced is lack- 
ing. The most sensible theory is that contained in the Patronimica Britanica, which 
states that it is " Probably a translation of Le Sage, still a very common French sur- 
name. It has reference to the wisdom and prudence of the original bearer ; Wise, as 
an English surname is a precise analogue." 

The same word may have been applied by different nationalities to indicate the 
character and reputation of an individual before the use of surnames, and, finally, like 
many others, adopted by some one family and continued by his descendants. But 
there is no evidence to show that any one of this name was the founder of the Sage 
family, or that there is any connection between these various families. The most 
probable conclusion is, that a family of this name came over w^ith the Conqueror, and 
was the founder of the Sage family of England ; and from this no doubt originated 
all the Sage families of New England. Wherever found, they appear to have been 
men of great will power, as well as men of culture and refinement. Though not 
numerous, the family, from a very early period, has been one of high social standing 

in England, and the armorial bearings show that 
members of it were honored with the degree of 
Knighthood by their sovereign for distinguished ser- 
vice rendered. The flevirs-de-lis in the arms indi- 
cate the French origin of the name ; and the motto, 
" Not for himself, but for his country," seems to apply 
to every member of the family from the earliest 
period in its history down to the present time. The 
description given by Burke is — 

Arms — Per pale erminois and vert three fleurs- 
de-lis counterchanged. 

Crest — A stag's head erased and erect proper. 
Motto — Non sibi sed patriae (Not for himself, but 
for his country.) 


So far as shown by the records in the Old as well as the New World, this motto 
has been characteristic of the family, and they have proved themselves to be " without 
fear and without reproach." 

The stag's head in the crest indicates alertness, watchfulness, quickness of thought 
and action — conspicuous traits in the Sage character. 

It is noteworthy that three of the greatest financiers and capitalists of the past 
century — Russell Sage, Jay Gould, and Cyrus W^. Field — w^ere all descendants of the 
founders of the Connecticut Colony — a Colony and State that has furnished some of 
the greatest jurists, statesmen, patriots, inventors, and learned men in every profession, 
the world has ever known. 

A record in detail of "The Sages in the Revolution" is given in the History of 
Middlesex County, Conn., compiled under the supervision of Mr. Henry "Whittemore, 
in which it appears that nearly every member of this family, of fighting age and 
physically qualified, was enrolled in the patriot army during the War of the Revolu- 
tion; and the records of the War Department at W^ashington furnish additional 
evidence of this fact. 


It has often been said of the State of Connecticut concerning her supply of troops 
in the Revolution that she " robbed the cradle and the grave." It is doubtfiil if any 
village in New England of the same population as Cromwell, then known as Upper 
Middletown, furnished more, if as many, men in proportion than did this little village. 
Says the local historian: "They were in the earliest struggles at Ticonderoga, at 
Bunker Hill, at Boston, and with General Arnold in his disastrous Quebec campaign. 
Of this little band of patriots not a family of its size in Connecticut sent as many men 
into the field as did the Sage family. First on the list is that of Colonel, afterwards 
General, Comfort Sage. He entered the army as Lieut.-Colonel of Wadsworth's 
regiment, which went to Boston in March, 1776, took part in the battle of Bunker 
Hill and the several engagements in and around Boston, till the close of that campaign 
and the departure of the British from Boston. 

When General James Wadsworth's Brigade was organized in the summer of 
1776, Colonel Comfort Sage commanded the Third Regiment, and was engaged at the 
battle of Long Island, the retreat from New York to Harlem Heights, took part in the 
battle of W^hite Plains, etc. In the latter engagement Colonel Sage had the full com- 
mand of eight companies of General Wadsworth's Brigade, whose term of service 


expired December 25, 1776. He was soon after placed in command of the Twenty- 
third Regiment of State Militia, made up mostly of companies from Middletown and 

When Tryon made his famous raid against Danbury, Conn., April 25-28, 1777, 
troops were hurried from every part of the State, and among the first to respond was 
Colonel Comfort Sage, who at this time was an experienced veteran. 

General Comfort Sage was the son of Ebenezer, and grandson of John Sage. For 
some years after the close of the war he served as General of the State Militia, and 
added new lustre to the name of Sage. 

" Nathan. Sage, son of Amos, baptized August 23d, 1752 ; renewed baptismal cove- 
nant November 21st, 1773. In the privateering service, then the United States Navy. 
While the British were blockading New York, Sage, as Captain on a vessel, ran a 
cargo of powder into port, after a sharp race with two British cruisers. Was received 
by Congress, then in session in New^ York. After the war Captain Sage w^as appointed 
Collector of the Port of Oswego, N. Y., which position he held till his death, about 
1833, being then eighty-four years old. 

" Elisha Sage, another son of Amos, was a private in the war. 

" W^illiam Sage, another son of Amos, bom 1749, was a captain, and was engaged 
in the battle of Bimker Hill. 

" Epaphras Sage, bom 1757, was a private in the war, and was afterwards Ensign, 
Lieutenant, and Captain of Militia ; he died May 28, 1834, aged seventy-seven. 

" Matthew Sage, killed in battle, in 1776 ; probably at the battle of Long Island, in 
which his cousin, Colonel Comfort Sage, bore a conspicuous part. 

" Benjamin Sage was with Arnold in the Quebec campaign. 

" Simeon Sage, son of Deacon Solomon Sage, three years in the service. 

"David Sage, jr., died from wounds received at Quebec, 1776. 

" Daniel Sage, with Arnold in Quebec campaign. 

" Hosea Sage, died in service in 1781, at West Point." 

It is doubtful if another family in the whole State can show such a record as this. 

The old cemetery at Cromwell, where the ancestors of Russell Sage resided, tells 
the simple story of the family, and of the esteem in which they were held by the 

" Here lies interred the body of John Sage, who departed this life January 22d, 
A.D. 1751, in the 83d year of his life. 

" He left a virtuous and sorrowftil widow, with whom he lived 57 years, and had 
fifteen children, twelve of whom married, and increased ye family by repeated 


marriages, to the number of twenty-nine, of whom there are fifteen alive. He had 
one hundred and twenty grandchildren, one hundred and five of them now living ; 
forty great grandchildren, thirty-seven of them now living ; which makes the numerous 
offspring one hundred and eight-nine." 

This is upon a slate tablet set in a ft-eestone table monument. Upon a second 
tablet of slate, in the same stone, is the following inscription : 

" Here lies the body of Mrs. Hannah Sage, once the virtuous consort of Mr. John 
Sage, who are both covered with this stone, and these has been added to the numerous 
offspring mentioned above; forty-four by births and marriages, which makes the 
whole two hundred and thirty-three. She fell asleep September the 28th, 1783, in the 
85th year of her age." 

" Sacred to the memory of Amos Sage, who died at Port-au-Prince, January 25, 
1791, in the 18th year of his age. Much lamented by his father, mother, sister and 
friends, he bid fair to make the honest man." 

Remarkable as it may appear, it was stated in 1883 that " none of the descendants 
of John Sage and his numerous offspring reside in town. Also, that there are five 
hundred and five families descended fi-om him scattered through thirty-four States and 

It will be noticed that the Sage family was remarkable for the longevity of its 
members w^hen they died from natural causes. They w^ere a vigorous, hardy race, 
noted for their courage and endurance. 

SatrtJl ^agP, the first of the name in New England, was bom in 1639, and came 
with his mother, a widow, to Middletown (then known by the Indian name of Matta- 
besett), in 1652, one year after it was "ordered and decreed that Mattabeseck shall be 
a Towne." Rev. David Dudley Field, who published a small history of Middlesex 
County, Conn., in 1819, states that he came ft-om Wales ; but there is not a particle of 
evidence in the records to support that statement. If they came from Wales, their 
parents must have gone there fi-om England, as the name is not found in the records 
of the W^elsh families. 

The Town Records of Middletown show that on " Feb. 22, 1662, David Sage was 
admitted an inhabitant of Middletown." If the date of his birth is correctly given, he 
was at that time twenty-three years of age, and his first marriage occurred tw^o years 
later. In Vol. II., Connecticut Colony Records, is the following : 

"At a Court of Election, held at Hartford, May 9, 1667, a list of those Nominated 
to Election for Deputies." Then follows another list : " These were swome." Of the 
list of " swome," containing twenty-eight names, the name of David Sage appears 


among them. He was a man of great industry and preservance, and one of the most 
thrifty farmers in the town. His "home lot" and residence was at Middletown 
"Upper Houses," now known as Cromwell He died there March 31, 1703. He left 
a large estate for those days. He raised a large family of children ; and after making 
liberal provision for all those living at the time of his death, he says : " The rest of my 
estate, personal and real, I leave with my wife, to be managed by my sons Jonathan 
and Timothy, so that she have a comfortable and creditable maintenance during her 
natural life, and at her decease to be shared betwixt sd Jonathan and Timothy — 
debts and legacies paid." 

Mr. Sage married, first, in Feb., 1664, Elizabeth, daughter of John Kirby; she was 
bom Sept. 8, 1646; she "deceased about the 23d year of her Ufe," leaving three 
children, viz.: 

Daniel, bom Feb. 1, 1665. 

Elizabeth, born Jan. 1, 1666. 

John, bom March 6, 1668. 

David Sage married, secondly, Mary Wilcox, daughter of John Wilcox, one of the 
original settlers of Hartford, Conn. He and his brother Thomas were early settlers 
at Middletown " Upper Houses," now CromweU. By his second wife, Mary W^ilcox, 
David Sage had issue: 

Mary, born Nov. 15, 1672; married to Dr William Johnson, the first Presi- 
dent of Kings (now Columbia) College, New York. 
Jonathan, born 1674. 

Timothy Sage, bom Aug. 14, 1678 (see record). 
Nathaniel, born 1680; died without issue. 
Mercy, born 1680, twin of Nathaniel. 

Slttttnttlg ^ag?, second child of David, by his second wife, Mary W^ilcox, was 
bom in Middletown, Conn., Aug. 24, 1673. He married Margaret Hulbert, daughter 
of John, son of Thomas Hulbert, the ancestor first of Saybrook, then of Wethersfield. 
Lieut. Thomas Hulbert came to this country in the barque Bachelar, in 1635, with Lion 
Gardner, to build a fort at Saybrook, at the mouth of the Connecticut river. The 
Pequots made an attack on Gardner and his party while absent form the fort, and 
Hulbert, though severly wounded, fought his way back to the fort inch by inch. 
Gardner, in his account of the affair, says: "But in our retreat I kept Thomas Hul- 
bert, Robert Chapman and John Spencer still before us, we defending ourselves with 
our naked swords, or else they had taken us all alive." Thomas Hulbert also took 
part in the assavilt on the Pequot fort, on the Thames River, under Mason, which 


resulted in almost the entire extinction of the tribe. He afterwards settled in Werters- 
field, Conn. 

In the Connecticut Colony Record, Vol. VII., is the following, as a part of the 
record of the General Court : 

" Upon the petition of Margaret Sage, of Middletown, administratrix on the estate 
of Timothy Sage, late of Middletown, deceased, prays to this Assembly that she, with 
the assistance of Captain William Savage, of said Middletown, may be empowered to 
sell so much of the lands of the said Timothy Sage, deceased, to the value of £39 6s. 4d., 
by and with the advise of the Court of Probate, Hartford." 

Timothy Sage, by his wife, Margaret (Hulbert) Sage, had issue : 

Samuel, bom 1709. 

Timothy, bom 1714. 

David, bom 1718. 

Solomon, bom 1729. 

Amos Sage, born 1724 (see record below). 

Two daughters, Mercy, bom 1712 ; Mary, bom 1716. 

AtJUl0 ^agf, youngest son of Timothy and Margaret (Hulbert) Sage, was bom 
at Middletown Upper Houses (now Cromwell, Conn.), 1722. He married Rebecca 
"Wilcox, of Cromwell, daughter of Francis, son of Samuel, Son of John Wilcox, the 
ancestor. " The Wilcox family," says a well known authority, " is of Saxon origin, 
and was seated at Bviry St. Edmunds, in County Suffolk, England, before the Norman 
Conquest." Sir John Dugdale, in the Visitations of County Suffolk, mentions fifteen 
generations of this family prior to 1690. This takes the family back to 1200. In the 
reign of King Edward III. Sir John W^ilcox was entrusted with several important 
commands against the French, and had command of the cross-bow men from Nor- 
folk, Suffolk and Essex. On the ancient records the name is spelt Wilcox, W^ilcocks, 
and Wilcockson (meaning the son of Wilcox). The coat armoior of this family is 
described as — 

Arms — Argent a lion rampant between three crescents sable; a chief vair. 
Crest — Out of a mural coronet, or, a demi lion rampant, sable, collared vair. 
Amos Sage, by his wife, Rebecca ( Willcox) Sage, had issue : 

Amos, bom 1747. 

William, bom 1748. 

Hezekiah, bom 1750. 

Nathan, bom 1752. 


Elisha Sage, bom 1755 (see record below). 

Rebecca (Riley), bom 1754. 

Abigail, bom 1758; married Swift. 

Submit, bom 1759 ; married Willetts. 

lEltalfa ^ag?, fifth child of Amos and Rebecca (Willcox) Sage, was bom 1755. 
He served as a private in the War of the Revolution. He was an industrious, enter- 
prising farmer and public-spirited citizen. He married Martha Montague, daughter 
of John Montague, son of Richard, son of John, son of Richard, the American ancestor. 
He was the son of Peter and Eleanor (Allen) Montague, son of William and Margaret 
(Malthouse), son of Robert and Margaret (Cotton), son of W^illiam Montague, of 
Buckinghamshire, England. 

The Montague family have borne an important part in the history of England 
from the time of the Conqueror down to the eighteenth century. In the old Chronicles 
of France mention is made of forty-seven different incvirsions by various Scandinavian 
bands called Northmen. The most important of these, under the command of Rollo, 
the Dane, resulted in the permanent occupation of a large province, w^hich w^as subse- 
quently Normandy. " It w^as thus," says Freeman, " the settlement of these northern 
pirates which finally made Gaul French in the modem sense. It was at the same 
time the alliance w^ith Romaine France w^hich brought the Northmen fully under the 
influence of French language, law^ and custom w^hich made them Normans, the fore- 
most Apostles alike of French chivalry and Latin Christianity." 

In this province and of this people, was bom on the 14th of October, 1024, W^illiam, 
Duke of Normandy, known as W^illiam the Conqueror. 

In this province also flourished one thousand years ago the Norman family of 
Montague. They were seated probably at Montagu les Bois, in the district of 
Constances, of which place it was said : " Its ancient lords were famous in the middle 
ages." The name and family of Montagu was probably well known and distinguished 
at that time as evidenced by the fact that there are mountains, castles, fortresses and 
towns, bearing this name. 

Drogo de Montagu (or, as the Latin records give it, Montacute and Montacute,) 
was bom about 1040. He became the trusted companion, follower and intimate friend 
of Robert, Earl of Moriton, the favorite brother of William, Duke of Normandy. 

Drogo and the Earl of Moriton were of the same age, and both of them entered 
heartily into the plans of W^illiam in his proposed expedition against England. Drogo 
de Monte-acuto accompanied the expedition in the immediate retinue of Robert, Earl 
of Moriton. They landed at Pevnesey, upon the coast of Sussex, late in September, 


1066, and immediately burned and scuttled their ships that their only hope might be in 
their courage and resolution, the only safety in victory. 

This marked the advent of the first Montagu upon the shores of England, and, as 
he marched toward the plain near Hastings, where the battle was fought he bore the 
kite shaped shield of the Norman invader, which contained a blue ground (azure), and 
the full length figure of a griffin segreant ; (rampant, with wings expanded) this figure 
was of gold. This device was adopted later as the Montagu Coast of Arms. 

[A gryphon or griffin was an imaginary creature devised by the ancients, and 
consisted of the body and tail of a lion with the head and talons of an eagle — thus 
denoting great strength and courage, united with great swiftness.] 

Lady Cleveland in her description of the Battle Abbey and its associations, says : 
" But the principal features of the country are, of course, unchangeable. It w^as over 
yonder high hill to the left, crossed by the present road to Hastings, that the Conqueror 
came. There he vowed to build his Abbey, and formed his army in three divisions 
that were to make the attack ; whence, it is said, is derived the name of Telham Hill. 
The right wing, commanded by Roger de Montgomerie, afterwards Earl of Shrewsbviry, 
Chichester, and Arundel, and the founder of a great English house, w^as composed 
chiefly of soldiers from Picardy, Boulogne, and Poix, and charged up the steepest part 
of the hill where the houses of the Lower Lake now stand, and the road leads do^vn to 
the station." 

Joselyn de Bee of the old Normandy family of Josselyn, or Jossiline, w^ho accom- 
panied the expedition, was in all probality closely related to this Roger de Montgomerie 
and served with him or under him. A history of Normandy, published in 1767, contains 
a description of the Monastery of St. Martin at Troan, a small town an the Orne, 

" A Benedictine Monastery, dedicated to St. Martin, the Bishop, founded in the year 
1050 by Roger de Montgomery, cousin to William the Conqueror and Earl of Arundel, 
Chichester, and Shrewsbury. He was the son of Hugh de Montgomery and Joscelus 
his wife, daughter of Trerolph, lord of Pont Audimer, by Werd, sister to Gannord, wife 
of Richard II, Duke of Normandy. [This Joselyn de Bee — signifying of Bee — was the 
ancestor of Mrs. Russell Sage.] 

It was the custom in those days for great military leaders to erect monasteries to 
some saint in the hope that intercessory prayers might be made for their own souls. 
The history of Normandy, previously referred to, states that : 

" The edifices in Caen, which principally attract the attention of a traveller, are the 
two great Benedictine Abbies of St. Stephen and the Holy Trinity— the former for men 


and the latter for women. Historians agree that the Abbey of St. Stephen was buUt 
by William the Conqueror, and that of the Holy Trinity, by his Queen Maud or Matilda 
in pursuance of a mandate of Pope Nicholas II. in 1064. On the 13th of September, 
1077, this church was, with great solemnity, dedicated to St. Stephen by John, 
Archbishop of Rouen. 

" In the middle of the choir, and just before the high altar was deposited the body 
of its founder : — William the Conqueror, King of England, and Duke of Normandy, 
under a most stately monument, erected at the expense of his son, William Rufus, and 
richly adorned with gold, silver and precious stones. 

" Within the precincts of this Abbey, and adjoining to the church, King William 
the Conqueror built a stately palace for his own residence. 

" Upon the outside of the wall of the chapel were painted in fresco fovir portraits 
as big as life representing W^illiam the Conqueror, his wife Matilda, and their sons 
Robert and W^illiam. The Conqueror was drawn as a very tall man, clothed in royal 
robe, and standing on the back of an hound couchant. 

" Queen Matilda was dressed in Kerthe and mantle, and had on her head a diadem ; 
her feet were supported by the figure of a lion. 

" Duke Robert was represented as standing on a hound. Upon his right hand 
clothed with a glove stood a hawk. 

" The picture of Duke W^illiam represented him as a youth bareheaded, dressed. 
He also w^as represented w^ith the left hand clothed with a glove holding a falcon, w^hich 
he was feeding with his right." 

" In the Abbey of the Holy Trinity at Caen is Jl Tomb of the Foundress, Queen Matilda, 
Wife of William the Conqueror. Queen Matilda, or Maud, was the daughter of Baldwin, 
sumamed the Gentle, Earl of Flanders by Adala or Alice, the eldest daughter of Robert, 
King of France, son of Hugh Capet. Duke William married her at Augi, in Normandy, 
while he was young. Upon his victory over Harold, being offered the crown of 
England, he w^ould have deferred his coronation till Matilda came over to partake of 
the ceremony ; but being pressed not to delay it, he was crowned by himself, and she 
afterwards, on Whit Sunday, in the year 1068. 

While William was anxiously awaiting the arrival of his Queen to participate in 
this important ceremony an interesting scene transpired in Normandy. The author of 
the history of Normandy after discribing the suburbs of St. Sever, on the banks of the 

Seine, says: 

"In the fields behind this magazine is the Benedictine priory of Notre Dame du 
Pre or, as it is more generally called Bonnes Nouvelles founded in the year 1060 upon 


a spot of ground belonging to the Abbey of Bee, by Maud, wife of King William the 
Conqueror, at the fellicitations of Anselme, who afterwards became Archbishop of 
Canterbury. This priory was originally dedicated to the mystery of the Annunciation of 
the Holy Virgin, but, as the tradition of the place assures us, the Queen being at her 
devotions in the priory chapel, when she received the news of the complete victory gained 
by her husband over King Harold at Hastings, she, in order to perpetuate the memory of 
that important action, ordered that thenceforth the priory should be called Bonnes 
Nouvelles, (Good News). After the Conqueror's death, his eldest son, Robert, endowed 
this priory with the tithe of his part near Rouen, and annexed it to the Abbey of Beck, 
reserving to himself the power of erecting it into an Abbey, and making it again 
independent in case he should thereafter think fit. Maud, the daughter of King Henry I., 
had so great an affection for this priory that she became a considerable benefactor to it, 
and in 1135, portions of the body of King Henry I. w^ere deposited under a handsome 
monument before the high altar in the ancient church of this priory. Maud, the 
daughter, was interred in the Abbey of Bee. " 

William Montacute erected a Monastery at Montacute Mountain, and endowed it 
with the borough and Market of Montacute. The line was continued through Richard, 
his son, to Drue de Montacute, father of W^illiam de Montacute, who had son William, 
father of William (2), who had Sir Simon de Montacute; the latter was father of 
William, Lord of Montacute, whose eldest surviving son W^iUiam, was made a baronet 
in the reign of Edward III. He was appointed Governor of Sherboume Castle in the 
county of Dorsit, and in 1337 was constituted Admiral of the King's fleet, and the 
following year, in consideration of his faithful services in the Scottish wars, he was 
advanced to the title of Earl Salisbury. He married Catharine, daughter of Lord 
Grandeson, a famous Baron. She w^as a brave woman, w^orthy of such a brave and 
noble man as was her husband. She nobly defended and aided, with heroic valor, the 
defense of the castle of Werk, with her husband's brother. Sir Edward Montacute, 
who was its Governor ; and she also defended bravely, her own Castle of Salesbury, 
from King David of Scotland, with the aid of William Montacute, her husband's cousin, 
while her husband was a prisoner in France. 

Sir John Montacute, son of the former, was the third Earl of Salisbury, and his 
son Thomas w^as the Fourth. 

The line of W^illiam Montacute or W^illiam Montague is continued in a direct line 
as follows: 

W^illiam Montague, who erected a Monastery at Montacute. He had a son 
Duke de Montacute, who was father of 


William de Montacute in the sixth reign of Richard I. (1196), succeeded to the 
barony. His son WilUam Montacute recovered all the lands his father had lost. He 
was Sheriff of Dorsetshire, Somersetshire, in the 6th, 7th, 8th and 9th reign of John 
(1205-1209). His son 

"William de Montacute, who had summons to attend the King into Gascony 
against Alphanso 10th, King of Castile, who had usurped the province. In the 41st 
reign of Henry III. he was summoned to be with the King of Chester on the feast day 
of St. Peter, ad vincuta, well furnished with horse and armour, there to march against 
Llewelljm of Griffith, Prince of Wales. He had issue, by Bertha, his wife 

Sir Simon de Montagu, who as Burke declares, was one of the most eminent 
persons of the period in which he lived. In the 14th reign of Edward I. he was in the 
expedition made into W^ales, and within a few years after received considerable grants 
from the Crown. In the 22nd reign he was in the wars of France, where he appears to 
have been engaged for the two or three following years, and then we find him fighting 
in Scotland. In the 27th reign he was constituted Governor of Corfe Castle and sum- 
moned to Parliament as a Baron from 28th Edward I. to 9th Edward II. In the 4th 
Edward II. his lordship was appointed Admiral of the King's fleet then employed 
against the Scots, and he obtained in three years afterward license to make a castle of 
his mansion house at Perlynton in Somersetshire. He married Aufrick, daughter of 
Fergus, and sister and heir of Ovry, King of the Isle of Man, and had issue 

W^illiam, his successor, and Simon 

Baron W^illiam de Montacute, who was summoned to Parliament, was born 22nd 
August, 1318. This nobleman has distinguished himself in the Scottish wars in the life- 
time of his father and was made a Knight of the Bath. In the 11th reign of Edward 
II., being then steward of the King's household, his lordship was constituted seneschal 
of the Duchy of Aquitaine, and had license to make a castle of his house at Kersyngton 
in Oxfordshire. He subsequently obtained other extensive grants from the Crown. 
He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Peter de Montford of Bearedesert, by whom he 
had surviving issue : William, his successor ; Simon, Sir Edward, Katharine, Alice, 
Mary, Elizabeth, Hawise, Maud, Isabel. His lordship died in Gascony, in 1319, but 
w^as buried at St. Frides, now Christ Church Oxford. 

It is a matter of considerable interest to the Montagu family that a decendant of 
Drogo de Montacute, who fought so valiantly under the Conqueror, finally came into 
possession of the Battle Abbey. 

The Abbey had existed close upon five hundred years when it met its doom, on 
May 27, 1538, and passed, with all its possessions into the hands of Henry VIII's 


commissioners. The dissolution of the smaller monasteries, two years before, had warned 
the monks of the impending spoilation, and they had warily disposed of all their valu- 
ables. " So beggarly a house I never se " wrote Dr. Layton (one of the authors of the 

Black Book), " nor so filthy stuffe the vestments so baysse, worn and ragged, 

and tome as your lordshippe would not thinke." The monks were all pensioned ; of 
sixty (their original number) sixteen only then remained. According to the usual 
practice, the chapter-house dormitory, sacristy, and cloisters w^ere razed to the ground, 
and all the other buildings unroofed and dismantled. The great minster, with its 
campanile was pulled down " for lucre of the leade, tymber, etc.;" and the beautiful 
" Basilica," that had been so long in building w^as so rapidly and utterly demolished that 
the new owner planted his garden on its site." 

This was Sir Anthony Browne, Master of the Horse, who, three months after the 
surrender, received a grant of the Battle Abbey and all its lands in Sussex and Kent, 
with the sole exception of one manor, reserved for the Chief Commissioner, Sir John 
Gage. This Sir Anthony was a high lineage, representing a branch of the old Norman 
house, of La Ferte, and the son of one of four great Montague heiresses, Lucy, Countess 
of Southampton, an able and sagacious man, who had spent all his Ufe at Court, and as 
"the w^eU-guided ship that could go with the tide," always remained in high favor. 
The King appointed him one of the executors of his w^ill, and guardian of his younger 
children, the Princess Elizabeth being placed under his special care. It w^as intended 
that she should take up her abode at Battle Abbey, and he began to build a w^ing to 
the Abbot's house for her reception : but he did not live to complete it, and she never 
came. His effigy, with that of his first wife, remains on the altar tomb in Battle 
Church, that he is supposed to have erected himself 

Sir Anthony's son was created Viscount Montagu by Queen Mary, and built him- 
self a stately mansion on what is believed to have been the site of the former Guest- 
house of the Monastery. But his chief residence was at Cowdray, where he entertained 
Queen Elizabeth right royally for a week, in 1501; and his successors lived there almost 
entirely. Battle Abbey was occasionally used as a dower-house, but as time went, it was 
more and more neglected and abandoned, and latterly became, in its deserted condition, 
the haunt of smugglers who stored their goods in the vaults. The third Viscount, who 
had suffered heavily in the Civil War, disparked the "Great Park," and his son sold the 
place to Sir Thomas Webster. 

The next Lord Montagu, who married a Methodist of Lady Huntington's school, 
was the first of the family who left the Church of Rome. This yonng man and his 
friend, Mr. Sedley Burdett, while on a boating excursion on the Rhine, made a fool- 











hardy attempt to shoot the falls of Laufenberg. The authorities knowing the risk, did 
their best to prevent it, but in vain; they heeded neither warning, remonstrance, 
nor prohibition. Even at the last moment. Lord Montagu's servant took hold of his 
coat crying: "My lord! my lord! the curse of water!" but he wrenched himself 
away, and sprang into the boat. It was upset at the second wave of the Laufen, and 
both he and his friend were drowned ; though often searched for, their bodies were 
never recovered. 

Lady Cleveland, the present owner of the Battle Abbey, in a historical sketch, 
contributed to " Famous Homes of Great Britain," says : " On the open space in front 
the old bull-ring, still fixed in the ground, marks where the favorite Sussex sport of bull- 
baiting yearly went on in \A^hitsun week. To the west it is joined to a much older 
building, which retains one of its original Norman windows on the further side ; to the 
east is a wing added by Lord Montagu as a Market House and Court Hall, probably 
in 1566, when he obtained an Act of Parliament for changing the weekly market 
from Sunday to Thursday. Its roof — no doubt long neglected — fell in during a great 
storm in 1764, and it is now a mere shell. The gateway contains a fine central hall 
reached by a carefiiUy g^uarded staircase, that had not only a portcullis, but open 
spaces in its ribbed vaulting for pouring down boiling or melted lead on unwelcome 

" The present entrance to the Abbey is not that originally in use, which was on 
the north side, where the offices now are, but leads through a porch into the Abbot's 
Hall. It is of noble proportions, measuring fifty-seven feet, both in height and in length, 
and thirty-one feet wide ; with a fine timber roof, which, though modem, is a faithful 
copy of the ancient one taken down in 1812, and is of walnut wood grown in the park. 
All the oak wainscoting and carved work, as well as the great fireplace, were added by 

Sir Godfrey at the same time The stained glass is all heraldic ; the south 

window showing the Duke's coat-of-arms, and some of the Paulet quarterings. 
Between the windows are ranged the shields and banners of the chief leaders in the 
Conqueror's army. [These would naturally include the equipments of Drogo de 
Montacute and Joscelyn de Bee]. Over the fireplace, two shields bear the arms of 
England and of the Abbey ; and two banners display, one, the two lions or leopards of 
Normandy, the other, the gold cross on a silver field (figured in the Bayeux tapestry) 
of the consecrated banner sent to Duke William by the Pope. The coat and quarter- 
ings of the Viscounts Montagu are over the music gallery. 

"Queen Elizabeth's wing left incomplete by Sir Anthony Brown (Montagu) is 
now occupied by a long and very handsome room, lighted by five great Tudor windows, 


three of them bays. Looking: south and west, it is so flooded with sunshine that we 
had to guard it in the summer by our outer Venetian blinds. It is entered from the hall 
through an ante-room built by the Duke, and contains the great library that he had 
been all his life collecting. 

" There had always been a persistent tradition handed down from father to son, as 
to the place w^here King Harold w^as killed, and one particular spot on the turf was 
faithftilly pointed out to sight-seers. At that time no one even guessed where the 
church had stood ; generation after generation had passed away since its demolition ; 
and if the w^aves of the sea had closed over it, it could scarcely have been more utterly 
lost. There were no indications of any kind to guide the explorer ; but Sir Godfrey, 
wishing to test the truth of the tradition had the ground dug up, — and there, on the 
very spot it had been indicated, he found the high altar of the cr5T5t, corresponding 
w^ith that once in the chancel above ! No historic locality could, I suppose be better 
ascertained or authenticated than this, marked out, immediately after the battle, by order 
of the Conqueror." 

William Montagu, a direct descendant of Drogo de Montacute, married Margaret, 
daughter of John Malthouse, of Binfield, Berkshire, and had issue : 

Peter Montague, married as already stated, Eleanor, daughter of William Allen, 
of Bumham, Bucks. They were the Parents of Peter Montague who settled in 
Virginia, and Richard, who settled in New England. One authority states, that : " It 
is known that they descended from the family of W^illiam Montagu, second Earl of 
Salisbury and eldest son of W^illiam, the first Earl, born June, 1328, eleventh descent 
from Drogo de Montagu." 

Richard Montague, the first settler in New England of that name, son of Peter and 
Eleanor (Allen) Montague was born in Boveney about 1614. He came to New 
England, it is supposed, in 1634, and settled first in Salem, and moved thence to W^ells, 
in what is now Maine but was then a part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1651 
he moved to W^ethersfield, Conn. It was not long after this that the divisions in the 
church took place and several of the members moved to Hadley, Mass., among them 
Richard Montague and his wife. W^hen the attack was made on Hadley by the 
Indians he supplied the troops with food. He married Abigail Downing, daughter of 
Rev. Dr. Downing of Norwich, England. She also was of a very noted family, a des- 
cendant of some of the noblest families of England. His immediate ancestor was Sir 
Jeffrey Downing, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John W^ingfield, whose family were 
famous for their Knighthood and ancient nobility. In his blood "says one authority," 
flows the commingled blood of Sir Simon Montague (A.D. 1300). William the 


Conqueror, Malcolm, King of Scotland, William, Earl of Warren, William, Duke of 
Aquetaine, King Henry III., and other noble families. 

This Richard Montague, by his wife Abigail (Downing) Montague, had issue 
John Montague, born about 1655 in W^ethersfield, Conn., and removed with his 
parents to Hadley,, Mass. in 1659. He married in Hadley, Hannah Smith, daughter of 
Chileah and Hannah (Hitchcock) Smith. On their tombstone is inscribed the following. 
"Ensign Chileah Smith died March 7, 1781, aged 96 years, and Hannah, his wife, died 
Aug. 31, aged 88 years. It is a worthy memorial that they lived in marriage state 70 
years." They had ten children of whom was a son Richard. 

Richard Montague, son of John and Hannah (Smith) Montague, was bom in 
Hadley, Mass., March 10, 1684. He moved early in life to W^ithersfield, Conn., where 
he married, July 28, 1715, Abigail Camp. They were buried in the old cemetary at 
W^ithersfield, w^here their tombstones are still to be seen. They had issue John 

John Montague, son of Richard and Abigail (Camp) Montague, was born in 
Wethersfield, Conn., Oct. 17, 1722. He married Sept. 27, 1759, Anna Belden. They 
were both admitted as members of the First Church of W^ethersfield in 1751. They 
had issue Martha, bom Nov. 15, 1754, married to Elisha Sage. 
Elisha Sage by his wife Martha (Montague) Sage had issue 

Rufus, bom 1777. 

Elisha Sage, bom 1779 (See record below). 

Martha, bom 1781. 

Barzello, " 1782. 

Fanny, " 1784. 

Molly, " 1785. 
■ Mary, " 1787 (Woodworth). 

Louisa, " 1789. 

Amos, " 1791. 

Calvin, " 1793. 

Wealthy, " 1795 (Mooreson). 

Cyprian, " 1801. 
1EltfiI|a ^agP (2), son of Elisha (1) and Martha (Montague) Sage, was born in Crom- 
well, (or Middletown Upper Houses) Conn., 1779, died 1854. He was an industrious 
hard working farmer, but he too, like his father and other ancestors had that strong 
love of country, the indomitable will and coiirage to overcome difficulties, and when he 
saw his country threatened by the same power against which his father and imcles 
had fought, he at once volunteered his services. He, like many others in Connecticut, 


had heard of the wonderful resources of the great West, and so he determined to leave 
the home of his childhood and erect a home for himself Said a writer in the New 
York Times at the time of Russell Sage's death. " Elisha Sage was a man of parts. 
He had served through the war of 1812, and when he heard of the livelihood to be won 
by enterprises in the then unknown country, he packed his lodgings in an ox wagon 
and started out. He traversed the central part of New York and finally came to the 
little settlement of Shenandoah. There he stopped to rest, and his son Russell came into 
the world. The old house where this important event took place was torn down years 
ago, but the old bam attached to the place yet stands and has been used of late years 
as a tinker's shop." Elisha Sage settled in the township of Verona, in Oneida County, 
N. Y., in 1818, his intention at the time, being to go further west, but the birth of 
Russell decided him to settle in the township of Verona which had little more than a 
name at the time. He cleared* the land and became a prosperous, well-to-do farmer. 
He married Prudence Risley. 

Of the Risley family the History of Oneida County says : Capt. David Risley, a 
Revolutionary veteran, with his brothers Allen and Truman, settled very early south 
of New Hartford village, and west of what is now Washington Mills. They built a 
shanty and began making other improvements. Soon after his settlement, Capt. Risley 
built and opened a small store on his place. It was a log building, and he also built a log 
tavern w^hich was a popular stopping place for travelers. Later he built a large frame 
store which soon became extensively patronized by the pioneers. He died August 24, 
1834, aged 68 years. The children of Elisha and Prudence (Risley) Sage were 

Henry R., bom 1805. 

SaUie, " 1807. 

Fannie, " 1809. 

Elisha M. and Elisha W., twins, born 1612. 

William C, bom 1814. 

Russell Sage, bom in Oneida County, N. Y., Aug. 4, 1816. 
See record at the beginning of this work. 
Part II. following contains the history of his wife's family (Margaret Olivia Slocum). 

Errata. — Fifth line from the bottom should read Elisha M. and Elisha W., twins, 
bom 1812. 

On page 41 it is stated that Lady Cleveland is still the owner of Battle Abbey. 
Mr. Michael B. Grace the present occupant of Battle Abbey (brother of ex-Mayor 
Grace of New York City), states in a letter to the author of this work that the Duchess 
of Cleveland died some six years ago. He states further that the Websters bought the 
place about 1730, and sold it to Lord Harry Vane, who became the Duke of Cleveland, 
It was left by will to his nephew Colonel Forrester who sold it to the present owner 
Sir Augustus Webster. 









THE name of Mrs. Margaret Olivia (Slocum) Sage, the widow of Russell Sage, 
has become almost as familiar to the American public as that of her distinguished 
husband. It reqmres greater wisdom, knowledge, tact and business sagacity to make 
a proper use of a large fortune than it does to acquire it. The demand is so great, and 
the avenues of its distribution are so numerous that it requires great discrimination, 
and taxes the mental faculties to their utmost capacity to know how to use it to the 
very best advantage. That this has been done by the possessor no one can doubt or 

Birth, education, environment, and a practical experience of many years along 
different lines have eminently qualified Mrs. Sage for this great responsibility and trust, 
and she has had opportunities for the indulgence of her tastes and inclinations that few 
women under like circumstances have enjoyed. 

The public at large know little of the inner life of Mrs. Sage : this can only be 
judged by her w^orks ; and as these are largely of a public character it would be im- 
possible for her to follow the scripture injunction : " Let not thy right hand know 
what thy left hand doeth "; and yet her own inclinations would naturally lead her to 
adopt such a course. From childhood up her whole life has been spent in promoting 
the happiness of those with whom she has been brought in contact, and a word of en- 


couragement or sympathy from her has imparted renewed courage and strength to 
the depressed in spirit, who were struggling to overcome apparently insurmountable 
difficulties. Her old classmates, and the friends of her early years are, perhaps, the 
best judges of her true character, and their tributes of praise have been generously be- 
stowed on one whom they delighted to honor. With the increased opportunities for 
doing good through the abundant means placed at her disposal, her friends were warm 
in their congratulations at this good fortune that enabled her to follow the promptings 
of her ow^n generous heart. Many of them had enjoyed her confidence and knew of 
the high and pure motives that prompted every act of her life. It is from such sources 
as these that the writer has drawn his inspiration and gathered the facts relating es- 
pecially to the personality of Mrs. Sage. No one can question the fact that the talents 
entrusted to her by an All- Wise Creator have multiplied at least an hundred fold ; and 
that in the years to come thousands who have known her only by reputation will "rise 
up to call her blessed." 

Those familiar with the life and characteristics of Mrs. Sage, as well as her educa- 
tional religious and benevolent work w^ill not fail to recognize in her the hereditary traits 
of her ancestors. One of these, Henry Pierson, brother of Rev. Abraham was the 
founder of the common school system of America, and w^as also a devout and earnest 
Christian. Governor Wanton, another ancestor, a native of Rhode Island who lived 
and practiced the simple life and faith of the Society of Friends, was one of the most 
refined and courteous men of his time, and had, it is said, the finest library in the colony 
of Rhode Island. 

The strong personal traits, the independence, self-reliance and courage are clearly 
traceable to Capt. Myles Standish of the Mayflower. Her love of country, her patriot- 
ism, can be traced to her revolutionary ancestors, and the late Civil W^ar furnished 
abundant evidence of the military spirit and heroism of the Slocums. 

The origin of this family is clearly indicated by the construction of the name, and 
the compiler of the Slocum Genealogy states that it derives from a certain locality 
where there was an abundant growth of the Sloe; this being the fruit of the English 
wild spring Plum-tree, which is also known as the Sloe-tree, thorn and Black-thorn. 
The fruit was so named from its peculiar astringent action on the mouth known in 
English, as "setting the teeth on edge "; the primary significance of the word is harsh, 
blunt, dull, but this has no reference to family characteristics for the history of the 
family, both in the Old and New World indicates just the reverse of this description. 

Efforts have been made to trace the family to its origin, and the compiler of the 


Slocum Genealogy, states that the earliest record found by him was A. D. 1558, in 
Chatworthy, adjoining Huish Camflower. Capt. E. A. Lawson, a well known English 
genealogist discovered a Slocum will dated 1543, indicating that this surname must have 
existed at least as early as the fourteenth century. That some member of the family 
achieved distinction and was rewarded by his sovereign who conferred on him the coat 
armour is a well established fact. The same authority states that the Coat of Arms of 
the Slocombes of Somersetshire were seen by him in the British Museum Library, 
London, in the Harlein MS. No. 1385, which represents in part the report of the Herald's 
Visitation of Somersetshire England about the year 1573, described as 

Arms — Argent on a fesse gules between three griffins' 
heads couped, sable, as many sinister wings, or. 

Crest — A griffin's head gules between tw^o wings 
expanded or. 

Motto. Vivit post funera virtus. (Virtue outlives the 

" Only the actions of the just 
Look green and flourish in the dust." 

In the Slocum Genealogy there is an illustrated 
representation of sprigs of the Sloe-tree in flower, leaf and fruit as signifying the origin 
of the name. 

Wheeler's, in his " Reminescences of North Carolina, " advances the theory that 
the derivation of the name of Slocvim or Slocombe is from combe generally meaning a 
valley, but more literally cut-shaped depressions in hillsides, and sloe a kind of wild plum. 
It may have been that the first who received the surname of Slocombe, owned a combe 
or valley, noted for sloes, or lived near one ; or perhaps from some noted person of the 
name of Combe, an ancient surname, wearing the leaves of the blackthorn or sloe as a 
badge or emblem, as the Earl of Anjou wore the sprigs of a broom, a badge or emblem 
of humility from which came the surname Broom in the Plantaganet royal family of 
England. The blackthome or sloe, is an emblem of difficulty, and a sprig of it worn 
by the first Slocombes might mean "Valley men difficult to overcome, or hard to 
conquer. " 

A much more plausible and reasonable theory than either of the foregoing is that 
their name w^as originally Combe, and that a second or third son of a Combe who 
counted for little or nothing under the existing laws of primogenture, won distinction 
that entitled him to public recognition and, that living in a locality where the sloe grew 
in large qxiantities he w^as know^n as James or John Combe of the Sloe, and he was 


designated as the Sloe-Combe or Combe of the Sloe. The earliest records of the Slocombe 
family are found in Somersetshire, where one branch of the Combe family had long been 
seated. The earliest will of the Slocombes is dated 1543, which shows that the family 
must have had an existence under some other name at a much ealier period and that 
the surname of Slo-combe was adopted in the fifteenth century. 

Whatever may have been their origin they were men of intellectual ability and 
high social standing as is evidenced by the descendants of the New England progeni- 
tors, many of w^hom have been conspicuous in civil and military life and have adorned 
the various professions w^hich they entered. 

It is claimed, and verified by the records that Anthony, Giles and Edward Slocombe 
came to New England about the same time and were the progenitors of most if not all 
the Slocums or Slocombes of this country. They were probably brothers, although the 
relationship has never been established. They probably aU went first to the Plymouth 
Colony. Edward, the youngest, was in Taunton in 1643. He is mentioned in the 
Plymouth Colony Records, vol. I. — III. in June 1647, as one of the Supervisiors of 
Highways for Taunton. Giles and Edward probably both remained there, and while 
Anthony had lived in Taunton, his religious view^s and love of liberty, and his identity 
with the Society of Friends who were under the ban of the Plymouth authorities no 
doubt necessitated his removal to Rhode Island within the jurisdiction of the great- 
hearted, liberal-minded Roger Williams who gave a hearty welcome to the persecuted 
of every class, and Jew^ and Gentile, bond and free, were permitted to w^orship God 
under their ow^n vine and fig tree with none to molest or make them afraid." 

AntlinniJ riorum, the eldest, was one of the forty-six "first and ancient 
purchasers, " A. D. 1637, of the territory of Cohannet, which was incorporated March 
3d, 1639, with the name of Taunton in New Plymouth, and for which the present 
townships of Taunton, Raynham, and Berkeley have been organized. His name appears 
on the town records in various capacities as Surveyor of Highways and other positions., 
The place where he settled, near Pascamauset River, is more generally known as 
Slocum's River. The fragment of a letter written by his brother-in-law, without date, 
indicates that his wife was named Harvey. 

"To the church of Christ in Taunton and the Shore [the pastor] and yourself in 
particular, I desire to be remembered, whose prayers, I doubt not, I and mine are the 
better for, and whose welfare I earnestly wish and pray for. Myself, wife and sons, 
and daughter, Gilbert, who hath four sons, remember our respects and loves, and my 
sons are all married. He had by his wife, Harvey, four children, of whom Giles was 
the eldest. 


^tlpH ^iatambi, eldest child of Anthony and ( ) Harvey Slocombe, was 

bom in Somerset, England ; he came to this country and settled in what is now the 
township of Taunton, New Plymouth, previous to 1675. Giles Slocum and his wife 
were early members of the Society of Friends. The Friends' records for Portsmouth, 
R. I., show that "Joan Slocum, the wife of old Giles, she Dyed at Portsmouth, the 31st 
6 mo., 1670." He died in 1682. By his wife, Joan, he had seven children, of whom 
Peleg was the sixth. 

Uptt. Pplf 9 ^Inrunt. sixth child of Giles and Joan Slocum, was bom in Ports- 
mouth township, R. I., Jan. 17, 1654. He is named as one of the proprietors of Dart- 
mouth in the confirmatory deed of Governor William Bradford, 13 Nov., 1694. In 
1698 he and others " undertake to build a meeting-house for the people of God, in scorn 
called Quakers, 35 foot long, 30 foot wide, and 14 foot stud." Peleg Slocum's sub- 
scription, £15, w^as the largest on the list, and three times larger than any of the others, 
except John Tucker, who gave £10. 

Peleg Slocum is recorded in the Friends' Records as a minister. Richardson in his 
Journal, 1701, wrote : " Peleg Slocum, an honest public Friend, carried us in his sloop 
to Nantucket. 

Rev. Peleg Slocum married Mary Holder, daughter of Christopher Holder, bom 
in Gloucester, England, in 1631 ; came to Boston, Mass., in 1656, and was there impri- 
soned and whipped, and his right ear cut off, as a punishment for being a Friend ; " but 
he hearkened no better after these modes of persuasion, and flourished on transplanta- 
tion to Providence, R. I., in 1665. He married Mary Scott, 12 Aug., 1660, daughter 
of Richard Scott and Catharine Marbxiry, who was the daughter of Edward Marbury, 
of Lincolnshire, England, Rector of St. Martin Vintry, London, who married Bridget 
Dryden, great aunt of Dryden, the famous poet. Mary Holder died Aug. 20, 1737, 
aged 75 years, 4 months and 14 days. Peleg Slocum had by his wife above-named 
ten children, of whom Joseph was the ninth. 

3(o0^)]t|[ ^Icnmt, ninth child of Rev. Peleg and Mary (Holder) Slocum, was bom 
March 13, 1701, in Dartmouth, Mass. He was admitted freeman of Newport, R, I., 
in 1722. He was named in his father's will, 13 June, 1731, as joint executor with his 
brother Holder; but in a letter dated at Newport, Feb. 5, 1732, he declined to act in 
that capacity, and requested Holder to assume entire control of the estate. He suc- 
ceeded his father in the possession of Patience Island, in Narragansett Bay, R. I. He 
married, 1721, Susanna Wanton, of Newport, bom 1704, daughter of Hon. John 
Wanton, who, as Savage states, " was chosen Governor of Rhode Island seven years, 
from 1733 to 1740. 


Of this family John Russell Bartlett says : " Among the citizens of Rhode Island 
who have rendered distinguished service to the State since its foundation none are 
more prominent than the W^anton family. For a century their names appear among 
those who were prominent in social, political and commercial life. For several genera- 
tions they were the leading merchants in the Colony. They were active in the support 
of religion, and in all works for the advancement of the interests of the town where 
they resided, as well as for the Colony at large. They were alw^ays found among the 
leaders. During the war betw^een Great Britain and France, when tw^o of them filled 
the office of Governor, they rendered distinguished service which was acknowledged 
by their sovereign. Four bearing the name were at different times elected Governor 
of the Colony — "William Wanton, Governor in 1732, served two years; John, elected 
1734, served seven years; Gideon, elected 1745, served tw^o years; and Joseph, elected 
1769, served until November, 1773. Another, Joseph, jr., held the office of Deputy- 
Governor. Portraits of "William, John and Joseph are preserved in the Redw^ood 
Library, at Newport, and copies of the same have been placed in the State House in 

Edward Wanton is the earliest ancestor of the family in this country. He w^as a 
resident of Boston, in 1658, and perhaps earlier. Tradition says he came from London 
accompanied by his mother, but of his father there is no record. It w^as quite a prom- 
inent family in England, and represented among the landed gentry. 

The arms of the "Wanton family are found on the tombstone of the w^ife of John 

"Wanton [1720] in the old North Burying Ground at Newport, 

R. I. 

Governor John Wanton [1734] and his son, Governor Gideon 

"Wanton [1745], both of Rhode Island, used the same device on 

their official seals. These are the arms of the "Wantons of County 

Huntington, England, described as: 
Arms — Argent a chevron sable. 

Crest — A plume of seven ostrich feathers; three argent, two 
Wanton. sable, and two vert. 

Motto — Mehs sibi conscia recti (a mind conscious in itself of rectitude). 
Edward "Wanton was a resident of Scituate, Mass., in 1661, where he owned a 
farm of eighty acres at the well known ship-yard, a little below Dwelly's Creek. He 
had extensive lands in Cordwood Hill, and also at the southwest of Hoophole Hill. His 
house stood near the bank of the river. The persecution of the Friends (called in 
derision Quakers) by the authorities of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, influenced 


Edward Wanton to join the Society. Deane, in his history of Scituate, says : "The 
severity of the Massachusetts Government toward this new sect had been carried on 
to the extent of executing three of them in 1659-60. Edward Wanton was an officer 
of the guard on one or more of these occasions. He became deeply sensible of the 
cruelty, injustice and impolicy of these measures, was greatly moved by the firmness 
with which they submitted to death, and was won entirely by their addresses before 
their execution. He returned to his house saying: "Alas, mother! we have been mur- 
dering the Lord's people ;" and taking off his sword, but it by with a solemn vow never 
to w^ear it again. From this time he took every opportunity to converse with the 
Friends, and soon resolved to become a teacher of their faith." It is said that he 
built the first Quaker meeting-house in Massachusetts. He was most successful as 
a religious teacher in the Society of Friends. He died Oct. 16, 1716, aged 85, " with 
faculties unblurred, mind clear, piety fervent, faith unwavering, and active as he nearer 
approached its realization, from which standpoint he could review his past life, and 
with soul-stirring eloquence and deep sympathy exhort all to stand fast in the faith." 

Soon after taking up his residence in Scituate, Mr. W^anton received a visit fi-om 
a Quaker preacher, recently arrived from England, who recommended to him as a 
second wife a w^oman in that country w^ith whom he w^as w^ell acquainted. After a 
brief correspondence between the two, the lady came to America in 1663. They 
were married, and lived happily together. They had issue, Joseph, bom 1664 ; George, 
1666; Elizabeth, William, 1670; John, 1672; Sarah and Margaret, twins, 1674; 
Michael, 1679; Stephen, 1682; Philip, 1686. 

Governor John W^anton, fifth son of Edward, was bom in 1672. In consequence 
of religious differences in the family, some of the members being connected with the 
Episcopal Church and others with the Society of Friends, John and his brother W^il- 
liam moved to Newport, Rhode Island, where they carried on a large and successful 
business as shipping merchants. 

John W^anton first appears in public life as a Deputy to the General Assembly 
from Newport in 1706, where he is styled " Captain." Two years later he is styled 
" Colonel," at which time he was commander of a regiment of militia, and accompanied 
the famous expedition to Canada. 

During the war with France news was brought to Newport that a ship laden with 
provisions had been captured by a French privateer off Block Island. A proclamation, 
calling upon the inhabitants for volunteers, was at once issued by Colonel Cranston. 
Within two hours time two sloops were armed, equipped and manned with one hun- 
dred and twenty men, and placed under the command of Colonel John Wanton, who 


immediately put to sea. They soon fell in with the Frenchman, whom they captured, 
and within tw^elve hours h-om their departxire, they entered the harbor with the priva- 
teer and the sloop she had previously taken. This w^as one of the greatest feats 
recorded in naval warfare of that period. 

After many years of active life connected with military and naval enterprises, 
Colonel W^anton, about 1712, laid aside all warlike aspirations and joined the Society 
of Friends. He had been a most successful merchant, and w^as considered the 
wealthiest man in the Colony. The good use he made of his riches in acts of benev- 
olence, and his devotion to his country, obtained for him a popularity such as no citizen 
of the Colony had ever before acquired. 

From 1712 to 1721 he was among the Deputies or Assistants to the General 
Assembly from Newport until 1721, when he was elected Deputy-Governor, and 
re-elected, and in 1729 w^as elected Governor, and continued in office for seven years. 

He was a liberal patron of the arts, collected a fine library and some philosophical 
apparatus. His home was the intellectual centre of the Colony, and the fame of his 
library and apparatus extended throughout the neighboring colonies, so that when 
strangers visited the town his home was one of the desirable places to visit ; and he 
was like his brothers, very hospitable, refined, instructive in conversation, possessing 
those elegancies of manner which distinguished the gentlemen of his day. He died 
May 5, 1744. He married, first, Ann, daughter of Gideon Freeborn, of Portsmouth, 
R. L He married, secondly, Mary Stafford, of Swinton. His daughter, Susanna, 
bom 1704, was married to Joseph Slocum. 

Joseph Slocum, by his wife, Susanna ("Wanton) Slocum, had three children, of 
whom John was the youngest. 

Jntin i'lnrum. youngest child of Joseph and Susanna (Wanton) Slocum, was 
bom May 5, 1727, in or near the village of Newport. He was a prosperous farmer, 
and lived a quiet, uneventful life. He married Hannah, daughter of W^illiam Brown 
and Rebecca (Lawton) Brown. 

"William Brown and Rebeckah Lawton married by John Wanton, Governor, 
Dec. 10, 1734." 

W^illiam Brown was the son of Tobias Brown, son of William, son of Nicholas 
Brown, one of the early settlers of Portsmouth, R. L He was probably the son of 
Nicholas Brown, of Lynn, Mass. 

Nicholas Brown, the ancestor of this branch of the Brown family, was of Lynn, 
Mass., as early as 1630 or 1637. He was the son of Edward Brown, of Inkberrow, 
eight miles fi-om Droitwich, Worcestershire, England. He was admitted ft-eeman of 


the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1638. He was a Representative to the General 
Court of Massachusetts from L5mn, 1641. He removed to Reading, Mass., in 1644. 
He died April 5, 1673. 

Nicholas Brown, of Portsmouth, R. I., 1638, w^as probably a son of Nicholas, of 
Ljmn, Mass. He was admitted an inhabitant of the island of Aquedneck. The Rhode 
Island Colony Records state that in 1639 " Nicholas Brown doth disarm himself of the 
government here." 

"April 30, 1639, he and twenty-eight others signed the follow^ing agreement or 
compact : ' We, w^hose names are underwritten, do acknowledge ourselves the legal 
subjects of King Charles, and in his name do bind ourselves into a civil body of politicke 
unto his law^s according to matters of Justice.'" 

He married Frances Parker, widow of George Parker, of Portsmouth, 1638, who 
came from London in 1635, in the "Elizabeth and Ann," aged 23. He was serg.-gen. 
He died in 1656, leaving a widow^. He had twenty-nine acres to his other twenty 
acres adjoining. His children by Frances (Parker) Brown were : 



Jane, bom 1677. 

William Brown. (See record.) 

His will, dated Nov. 10, 1694, proved Dec. 27, 1694, names Executor, grandson, 
Tobias ; to his eldest son he gives 5s. ; to his daughter, Jane Babcock, £10 ; to grand- 
daughters, Martha and Jane Brown, daughters of son, W^illiam, deceased, each £10 ; 
to grandson, Tobias, son of W^illiam, all my lands and houses in Rhode Island, and all 
neat cattle, sheep, horsekind and hogs, carts, plows, corn, hay, pewter, brass, iron, 
provision, apparel and bedding. 

W^ilUam Brown, youngest son of Nicholas and Frances (Parker) Brown, was bom 
in Portsmouth, R. I., about 1679. He appears to have been the favorite child, as he 
is named in his father's will as the principal legatee. " All my houses and property in 
Rhode Island " indicates that he would have been a man of considerable wealth for 
that day, had he lived ; but he died before his father. He had a son, Tobias, and other 

Tobias Brown, son of William Brown, was bom in Portsmouth, R. I., about 1679; 
died, 1734. He married Alice Buovington, and had issue. 

John, bom 1705. 

William Brown, born 1709. (See record.) 

Sarah, bom 1713. 





William Brown, second child of Tobias and Alice (Buovington) Brown, was bom 
in Portsmouth, R. L, in 1711. He married Rebekah Lawton, bom April 25, 1711, 
daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth (Talman) Lawton, son of George Law^ton, one of the 
early proprietors of Portsmouth, R. I. They had issue, Hannah and other children. 

Hannah Brown, daughter of William and Rebeckah (Law^ton) Brow^n, was born 
in Portsmouth, R. I., June 23, 1735; married June 20, 1754, to John Slocum. 

John Slocum, by his wife, Hannah (Brown) Slocum, had issue : 

I. John, bom Dec. 20, 1759; married Phebe Durfee. 

II. Peleg, born 1765 ; married Hannah Stoddard. 

III. Mary, bom 4th May, 1767. 

IV. W^illiam Brown Slocum, bom 26 April, 1770. (See record below.) 

l|on. HtUtam Irnuitt riorum, youngest child of John and Hannah (Brown) 
Slocum, was bom in Middleton, Newport County, R. I., April 20, 1770. He married 
Olivia Josselyn, of Stockbridge, Mass., April 28, 1793. Soon after his marriage he 
moved to Rensselaer County, N. Y., where he cultivated a large farm, and w^as also a 
dealer in live stock. He took an active and prominent part in the public affairs of 
State and County, and in 1820-21 was elected to the State Assembly. This was at a 
period in the history of the Empire State when it was an honor to fill such a position ; 
w^hen men of intellectual worth and influence — statesmen rather than politicians — were 
sent to represent their districts in the councils of the State. It was at a period when 
Erie Canal and other great public enterprises formed the leading topics of discussion, 
and occupied the attention of the State Legislature. His contemporaries and co- 
workers were the Clintons, the Van Rensselaers, the Livingstons, and other men of 
that stamp, w^ho laid the foundations of our commercial prosperity through wise legis- 
lation and public addresses, Mr. Slocum had a share in all this, and helped to shape 
the destinies of his adopted State. Both his public and private life were exemplary in 
the highest degree. He enjoyed a personal popularity, due to his many noble and 
manly qualities. He died at Speigletown, Rensselaer County, New York, May 29, 
1823, and was buried at that place. His widow died in Lansingburgh, N. Y., greatly 
beloved and honored by all who knew her. No higher tribute could be paid to any 
woman than the sentiments expressed in the inscription on her tombstone : " Her's was 
a piety deep in its veins, and holy and most benignant in its influence." Through 
Mary Holder she was descended from the Drydens, closely related to Dryden the 

®lima 3(oaBflutt i»lorum 
(Mrs. HtUtam Irnum S'lnrum) 


poet. She was a woman of culture, refinement and deep religious nature. She evinced 
the poetic genius of the Drydens, as shown in the following lines, which, through a 
custom in those days of " sampler " needle-work, have been preserved to posterity : 

Let piety, celestial guest, 
With wisdom flourish in my breast ; 
And virtue, lovely, heavenly, fair. 
Hold an unrivaled impress there. 
Let living faith and love divine. 
Possess this youthful heart of mine ; 
That when my flesh returns to dust, 
My soul may triumph with the just. 

Olivia Josselyn was the daughter of Stockbridge Josselyn and Olivia Standish. 
Stockbridge Josselyn was the son of Thomas, son of Henry, son of Abraham, son of 
Thomas Josselyn, the ancestor of this branch of the Josselyn family. 

She was married to Hon. "William Slocum, April 28, 1793. Their daughter, L. 
Josselyn Slocum, worked the above in her "sampler," a beautiful piece of needlework 
of that period. 


This is a noted and very ancient family, settled in Kent and Essex Counties, Eng- 
land. One of the most prominent representatives of the family was 

Sir Ralph Jocelyn, K. B., who was lineally descended, through the marriage of 
Thomas Jocelyn with Maud, daughter and co-heir of Sir John Hyde, from Sir Gilbert 
de Jocelyn, one of the companions in arms of the conqueror. This Sir Ralph was 
Sheriff of London in 1458, and Lord Mayor in 1464. In 1467 Sir Ralph represented 
the City of London in Parliament, and was again Lord Mayor in 1476. His portrait 
and also the portrait of his wife, whose second name was Barley, and her second 
husband. Sir Robert Clifford, Knt., are in Medford Church, Suffolk, in perfect glass, of 
the date about 1490. 

The Horseley and New^hall Jocelins were seated in County Essex, while another 
branch of Jocelyn, or Jocelyne, were seated at Sawbridgeworth, County Hertford. 
All were descended, however, from the same family. 



The armorial bearings of the New England family of Josselyns as described by 
Barry, in his History of Hanover, Mass., were : 

Arms — Chequy gules and azure, on a fesse of the first, 
an annulet, or. 

Crest — A bear's head and neck, sable muzzled, or. 
Motto — Fain mon devoir (To do my duty.) 
Barry says further : " In America John Josselyn, gent., 
was in New England in 1638, and was the author, among 
other works, of one called New England's Rarities, and 
Henry, his brother (and son of Sir Thomas, of Kent), was at 
Black Point, now Scarborough, Me., in 1634, being sent out 
by Capt. Mason to make a more complete discovery and 
examination of the advantages of the grant made to Capt. Mason. He w^as a 
member of the General Court at Saco, in 1636; Councillor, 1639; Deputy-Governor, 
1648; a magistrate and member of the government of the province of Ligonia 
during in 1650; a commissioner and associate under Massachusetts, 1658; and 
the long period, from 1635 to 1676, he was one of the most active and influential 
men in the Province ; and during all the changes of proprietorship and government 
he held the most important offices. He married Margaret, widow of Capt. Thomas 
Cammot, and it is said had one son, Henry. Family tradition and other authorities 
assert that this son settled in Scituate, Mass., in 1668 ; married Abigail Stockbridge in 
1578, and was the ancestor of the Josselyns of Plymouth County, Mass." 

According to Massachusetts Historical Collections, 3d Series, Vol. viii., Thomas 
Josselyn, a husbandman, aged 43, Rebecca, his wife, of the same age, and their children, 
Rebecca, aged 18; Dorothy, aged 11; Nathaniel, aged 8; Eliza, aged 6; and Mary, 
aged 1, with a maid servant, Eliza Ward, aged 36, came to New London in the 
Increase, of London, Robert Lea, master, in 1635 ; and, according to Lincoln's History 
of Hingham, Thomas, the father, was in Hingham in 1637, and in 1652 he was in 
Lancaster (Worcester Mag. II., 280), where he died in 1660 (Middlesex Record), his 
widow, Rebecca, being executrix of his estate. She married W^iUiam Kelsey in 1664. 

Abraham Josselyn, son of Thomas, the ancestor, had an assignment of land in 
Hingham, Mass., in 1647. He did not come with his father in the Increase, but at a 
later period. In the summer of 1660 the birth of his son, Nathaniel, was recorded in 
Boston. He removed to Lancaster before 1663, and died there July 9, 1670; where 
" William Kirby, of Marlborough, husbandman, by the consent and approbation of 

of tl|f SoHHrltn iEstatf 

©Iff first iUuHtratton rtprf a^nts tijf lorattott an& a portion of tijp rt matna of Abbf g bu 
?Bw, miftrlj rompriaf & a part of ttff original Qlaatb of Qlf uatan iw "If r" or aa Iff uiaa known 
(Hilbfrtna ((^alfribua) 3loaaflinua. Slijia proptrtg waa tnlffrttfi bg Ijim from ijia fattier. 
Qllff otiffr tUuatrationa rf prf atnt ttjp ? xtf rior anb interior of tijf Soaaf lin aalon aa it appt ara 
at tiff prf af nt timp. (illfia Sit uatan bu Itr arrompantf i» William tbf Qlonquf ror to lEnglanJi 
miff rf Ifia namf ia inarribf i in tiff StoU of Ulattlf Abbf g. 

33r. Surarfl in Ifia Norman Antiqnitifa (17fir) aaga: *'®Ifia famoua Sfnf&irtinf Abbfjj 
in ^et, or, aa it ia gfnf rallg knomn If r i|iIlouin, atan&a nf ar Srionnf about ninf milfa 
biatant from Olaf n, anJ» ia aituatfii in a narrom naif, f nrloaf J» bg tmo atffp mountaina, along 
tiff foot of miftrif mna a amall brook, knomn aa If Ifr mlfirlf riaf a out of tiff abtarfnt 
mountain. ©Ifia Abbfg maa founifJJ about 1034 bg 2|illouin. a noblf Sauf. A ffm gfara 
aftfr ita romplftion a grfat part of tiff builbing ffll 6omn; ani ^anfranr, tiff Prior of tiff 
monaatf rg, aftf rmar&a Arrlfbialfop of QIantf rburg in&urf & l^tllouin to f rf rt a uf m nnf , mlfirlf 
maa romplftfb in 1072. ®lff noblf founbfr amplg fuiiomfii it, anJ» prorurfJj tlffrsmttlf 
granta of mang f xtf naittf anJ» naluablf prinilf gf a anJi f xf mptiona, all of mlfirlf mf rf aftf r- 
marii ronfirutf JJ bg tiff Jffrfurlf SCtnga, aa alao l|fnrg I., I^f nr^ II., Solfn, Sffurg III., ^trplffu 
nnh !l|fnrg V., 2Cinga of iEnglanli. 

©Iff prfafut Abbfg OHfurrlf (irH3) mlfirlf maa bfgun in 12^3, on tiff aamf apot mlffrf 
tiff olJ> onf maa Jifatrogfii bg firf, in 1204, ia jnatlg fatffmfJj am of tiff fiufat ^otlfir 
rlfurrlffa in S^ranrr . 

"3n tiff front tlffrf arf tmo noblf rolumna of ;aapfr, mlfoaf prifatala anJi rapitala arf 
of tiff fittf at atatuarg marblf . All tiff mr topf a arf of taapr r, anb onf r tiff m arf plarf b tiff 
figurf a of af of ral utf naila bf longing to tiff tf mplf of Solomon. Slff ark of tiff ronr nant 
atan&a onf r tiff mibblfmoat mftopf , anb on f arlf atiif arf altf rnatrlg plarr J» tiff tablf of 
alff m-brf ai, tiff altar of inrf naf anii tiff attrtbutf a of tiff f nangf liata. Mitlfin tiff tgmpan, or 
panf I of tiff pf bimf nt ia a baaan rf lif no of mital, rr prf ar nting Aiiam anii lEnf atanbing at 
tiff foot of tiff trf f of IKnomlf i»gf in tiff attituif of tiff atrongf at rontrition anb &f plnring 
tiff atn mlfirlf llffg lfa& |uBt rommittf b." 

(if tiff rf maina of tiff olh Abbr^r tiff rlfurrlf ia bfat prfar ntf & aniJ alao aomf fiuf atatuf a 
anb bf autifnl f namf la. ©Iff rf at of tiff builbinga Ifanf bf f n turuf b into a iMilitarg Station 
for ranalr^ mounta. 

Abbry hu Mtt 








Mrs. Beatris Joscelyn, the late deed. Abram Joceline's widow, sold to Abram Jocelin, 
eldest son of the late Mrs. Jocelin, 86 acres of land in Lancaster." 

The name of Abraham Josselyn's wife, Beatrice, is variously written Beatris, 
Beatrix and Betteris. In Middlesex Deeds (iii., 15) is the following : "Abram Joslin, of 
Lancaster, and his wife, Betteris, sold on the 29th of May, 1663, to Henry Kemble, of 
Boston, certain lands in Lancaster, formerly granted to his (Abraham's) father, Thomas 

By his wife, Beatrice, Abraham Josselyn had issue : 

I. Abraham, bap. at Hingham April 8, 1649. 

II. PhiUp, bap. Dec. 15, 1650. 

III. Nathaniel, bap. July 4, 1660. 

IV. Joseph, bom at Lancaster, May 21, 1663. 

V. Mary, bom Oct. 14, 1666. 

VI. Henry Josselyn, date of birth not found (see record). 

VII. Rebecca " 

Henry Josselyn, youngest son of Abraham and his wife, Beatrice, was bom in 
Lancaster, Mass., about 1668-70. He was in Scituate as early as 1669. The Court 
Records show^ that Henry Josselyn, of Scituate, and his wife, Abigail, sold, Nov. 1, 
1695, to Thomas Hums, of Boston, 110 acres of land in Lancaster. His house stood 
stood in the field, 50 rods east of Judge William Cushing's farm. He died in Hanover, 
Mass., Oct. 30, 1739, being called on the Church Records " the oldest man in the town 
for years." He married Abigail Stockbridge, daughter of Deacon Charles Stockbridge, 
who gave the silver communion cups to the Church. The records state that " the 
church received a present of four silver cups for the communion table by order and at 
the expense of Deacon Stockbridge ; the cost of cup at £25 old tenor." He was the 
son of John Stockbridge, who came to New England in the Blessing, in 1635, being 
then 27 years of age. 

The Stockbridge was a knightly family, early seated in Huntingdonshire, and had 
for armorial bearings : 

Arms — Argent on a chevron azure, three crescents, or 

Crest — Out of a cloud two dexter hands in armour conjoined, holding up a heart 
inflamed all proper. 

Charles Stockbridge, before mentioned (son of John), is said to have built, by con- 
tract, the second water mill in the town of Plymouth, in 1676. He died in 1683, and 
his widow married Amos Turner. His second child, Abigail, bom at Charlestown, 
Mass., Feb. 24, 1660, was married to Henry Josselyn. 


Henry Josselyn, by his wife, Abigail (Stockbridge) Josselyn, had issue : 
L Abigail, bom 1677, mamed Dec. 15, 1715, Benjamin Hammer. 

II. Abraham, bom January, 1678-9. 

III. Ann, bom Febmary, 1680. 

IV. Charles, born March, 1682. 

V. Mary, bom January, 1684. 

VI. Nathaniel, bom February, 1686. 

VII. Rebecca, bom , died 1689. 

VIII. Jabez, bom February, 1690. 

IX. Rebecca, bom May, 1693 ; married April 24, 1778, Jos. Perry. 

X. Jemima, bom December, 1695 ; died February, 1696. 

XI. Keziah, bom December, 1695. 

XII. Henry, bom March, 1697. 

XIII. Joseph, bom December, 1697 ; married Ruth Bates. He was known as 

Capt. Joseph Josselyn, and was a man of much influence and great 
prominence in the community. He served in the French and Indian w^ar. 

XIV. Thomas Josselyn, born September, 1703 (see record). 

Thomas Josselyn, youngest child of Henry, by his wife, Abigail (Stockbridge) 
Josselyn, was bom in 1702. He w^as know^n as Deacon Thomas Josselyn. He w^as 
quite active in church, also in public affairs, and his is the only name in the town men- 
tioned in connection with one of the most notable events in connection with the history 
of the Massachusetts Colony, viz. : 

In 1740 a company was enlisted in the county of Plymouth, by Capt. Winslow, to 
serve in the expedition against the Spanish West Indies, under Admiral Vernon. Of 
the 500 men sent by Massachusetts, not more than 50 returned; but their arrival in 
Havana led to the capture of that stronghold by the British. 

The Town Records, under date of Dec. 28, 1741, contain the following: "Voted 
Deacon Thomas Josselyn £13 16s. 4d. for men's rates to Cuba and elsewhere." The 
names of those who went from Hanover are not given. 

The church records of Hanover contain the following relative to a gift of Deacon 
Thomas Josselyn : 

"July 8, 1786, two silver cups for the communion table were received, a legacy 
from Deacon Thomas Josselyn to perpetuate the memory of the benefactor." 

In referring to the new church erected in 1764, it is stated that the spire of this 
house was removed about 1784, when a bell was presented to to the society by Mr. 


Thomas Josselyn married June 1, 1732, Jane Stockbridge (born May 31, 1710), 
daughter of Thomas Stockbridge, who is called on the Church Records Ensign Thomas. 
He was the son of Charles, son of John Stockbridge, the ancestor. The children of 
of Thomas Josselyn, by his wife, Ann (Stockbridge) Josselyn, were : 

I. Thomas, born September 26, 1733 ; married Patience Baker. 

IL John, born May 4, 1735. 

III. Ann, or Nancy, born October 3, 1736 ; died April 21, 1801. 

IV. Stockbridge Josselyn, born April 29, 1741 (see record). 

V. Ruth, bom January, 1745. 

VI. Deborah, born 1752. 

VII. PhiHp, born 1754. 

VIII. Isaiah. 

IX. Seth; married Priscella Standish, December 17, 1787. 

Stockbridge Josselyn, fourth child of Thomas and Ann (Stockbridge) Josselyn, was 
born March 29, 1741; died May 10, 1817, aged 76. He married, November 24, 1768, 
Olivia Standish, daughter of David and Hannah (Magoun) Standish, son of Thomas 
and Mary (Carver) Standish, son of Alexander and Desire (Doty, etc.) Standish, son of 
Capt. Myles Standish, of the Mayflower (see Standish family). 


The history of the Standish family begins early in the eleventh century, previous 
to the reign of Henry III., and more than five hundred years before Capt. Myles 
Standish, the great military head of the Plymouth Colony, made his appearance. 

The following pedigree is compiled from an abstract of the charter and muni- 
ments of Standish, drawn up by Rev. Thomas West, domestic chaplain of the Strick- 
land family, author of the History of Furness Abbey. The first record found by him is 
that of 

De Standish, who had married Margaret, daughter and co-heir of Robert 

de Hulton, became, in her right, possessed of the manor of Shevington. Of the Hul- 
tons a w^ell-known authority says : " This family possesses the most unerring proof of 
antiquity in the title deeds of their estate of Hulton, from which the Hultons derive 
their surname, and of which they have been uninterrupted lords since the Conquest." 
The first de Standish, by his wife, Margaret Hulton, had a son and successor. 

Thurston de Standish, who, 4 Feb., 6th Henry III., anno. 1221, levied a fine of 
lands in Shevington, which he inherited from his mother, Margaret, daughter and 


co-heir of Robert de Hulton. He was living in the 20th of the same reign, A.D. 
1225-36, and had a son, 

Ralph de Standish, who had tw^o sons, viz. : Jordan, his successor, and Hugh. 

Hugh Standish, son of Ralph, was the founder of the Duxbury Park (county Lan- 
caster) family. He married (34 Edward I.) Alice, daughter of Sir Richard Molyneux, 
of Sefton, in Lancashire, and had two sons, William Standish, who died young, and 

Richard Standish, of Duxbury, living 9th Edward III. ; he was the father of two 
sons, Hugh and John. 

Hugh Standish, of Duxbury, married, in 1639, his kinswoman, AHce, daughter of 
Henry Standish, of Standish. [This Henry de Standish, -who, on the death of his 
brother. Sir Ralph, recovered the family estates, was the son of John de Standish, Lord 
of Standish, son of William de Standish, son of Jordan de Standish, brother of Hugh de 
Standish, the founder of the Duxbury branch, and son of Ralph.] The only surviving 
son of Hugh Standish, of Duxbury, w^as 

Christopher Standish, of Duxbury; married (9th Richard II.) Margaret, daughter 
of Sir Thomas Fleming, and had issue : 

Ralph, who married (7th Henry V.) Joan, daughter of Sir Thomas 

Gerard, Knt. 
Rowland (Sir), who received the honor of knighthood, 19th Henry V. 
He brought the riches of St. Lawrence from Normandy to Chorley 
James, the continuator of the family. 

James Standish, of Duxbury, youngest son of Christopher Standish, had, by his 
wife, Alice, 

Christopher Standish, Esq., of Duxbury, whose son. 

Sir Christopher Standish, of Duxbury, knighted by Richard III. He married, and 
had issue: Thomas, James, Hugh, Alexander, Rowland, Anne, and Maud, wife of 
W^illiam Braidshaigh, Esq., of Haigh. The eldest son, 

Thomas Standish, Esq., of Duxbiory, married, in 1497, Catharine, daughter of Sir 
Alexander Standish, of Standish (Knighted at Hulton-Field in 1482), by Sibella, his 
wife, daughter of Henry Bold, Esq., of Bold, in Lancashire, and had a son and successor, 

James Standish, Esq., of Duxbury, who married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Ewen Hadock, and, secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of John Butler, Esq., of Rawcliffe. 
He was succeeded by his son, 

Thomas Standish, Esq., of Duxbury, who married Margaret, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Hoghton, in Lancashire, and was succeeded by his son. 



Alexander Standish, Esq., of Duxbury, father, by Margaret, his wife, daughter of 
Sir Ralph Asheton, Bart., of Whaley Abbey, of several children. The eldest son, 

Thomas Standish, Esq., of Duxbury, married, first, Anne, eldest daughter of Sir 
Thomas Wingfield, Knt., of Letheringham, in Suffolk, and had by her, Thomas, Alex- 
ander, Richard, Anne, and Ratclyffe. He married, secondly, Anne, daughter of Chris- 
topher Whittingham, Esq., of Suffolk, by whom he had Ralph, Gilbert, Henry, 
Catharine, Margaret, and Dorothy. Thomas, the eldest son, was slain at Manchester 
by the parliamentarians, dying without issue ; the line was continued through Richard, 
the youngest son of Thomas, by his wife, Anne Wingfield, down to the eighteenth 

century. The following are the armorial bearings of the 
Duxbury family: 

Arms — Azure, three standishes argent. 
Crest — A cock argent. 
Motto — Constant en tout. 

Seat — Duxbury Park, Lancashire, and Cocken Hall, 

A well known authority (Vermont) says: Capt. Miles 
Standish descended from Thurston de Standish. The branch 
of Duxbury, county Lancaster, from which the emigrant 
descended, originated w^ith Hugh Standish (temp. Edward L), and adopted the reformed 

The records of the parish of Charley, with w^hich the family estate is connected, 
w^ere examined some years since by the agents of the American Standishes, and it is 
said that " these records were easily deciphered, with the exception of the years 1584 
and 1585, the very dates about which Capt. Myles Standish is supposed to have been 
bom ; the parchment-leaf which contained the register of both of these years being 
w^holly illegible, and showing evident traces of having been tampered with." 





Capt. Myles Standish w^as bom, as is supposed, about 1584. 
from his youth up. 

" A stouter champion never handled sword. 
Long since we w^ere resolved of your truth. 
Your faithful service, and your toil in war." 

He was a soldier 


His first military service was during the reign of Queen Elizabeth, from whom he 
received a commission in the English army in Holland, then aiding the Dutch against 

His Christian name, Myles, is an old Roman name for soldiers. He is described 
as "short of stature," but he certainly was "long in reach" and powerful in stroke 
whenever he wielded that trusty blade in defence of a righteous cause. He was not a 
devout man in religion by any means, and his life in Leyden w^ith the Pilgrims was 
that of a casual defender of religious liberty, rather than a "soldier of the cross." He 
certainly was a great acquisition to the little colony that set sail on the Mayflower, 
Aug. 21, 1620, having abandoned the Speedwell, which started sixteen days earlier, 
but, having been reported as leaky, was abandoned for the former. With Capt. 
Standish came his w^ife, Rose, w^ho died the following year. 

Stem of purpose, a disciplinarian in the broadest sense of the word, always a'leader 
as trouble confronted them ; a man bristling w^ith danger signals w^hen aroused, he yet 
has given to history the most romantic side of all the colonists. 

High of station, free from care, holding a military position, he was fully in accord 
with, his joining the little band was a mystery; but he was a zealous, devoted citizen, 
one w^ith them in all thought and deed save the very purpose \vhich made their exile 

The freedom to worship God according to the dictates of their own consciences 
had little interest for him. Some historians declare him to have been of the Catholic 
faith of his fathers. From this he certainly changed with change of environment, but 
he always retained his independence of action, and would brook no restraint fi-om any 
source, being answerable only to his own conscience for his method of religious service. 

On the 2 1st of November, after a passage of sixty-six days, the Mayflower dropped 
anchor in Cape Cod harbor. " Like the down of the thistle they were wafted across 
the sea, and the seed they bore of popular government and religious freedom was 
planted on those western shores." 

On the 11th day of December (old style) the exploring party of Pilgrims, who 
had left their ship, the Mayflower, in Cape Cod harbor, landed at Plymouth, where 
they found " a place (as they supposed) fitt for the situation ; at least it was ye best 
they could find, and ye season and their presente necessities made them glad to accept 
of it. So they returned to their shippe again with this news to ye rest of their people, 
which did much comfort their harts." 

On the same day of this report the first civil act of the Pilgrims was to draw up a 
Compact, or "combination," as Bradford calls it, which was signed by the male mem- 


bers of the company, and became the foundation on which the structure of our 
government has been bviilt. There were 41 signers to to this "Compact," and from 
1 to 7 they appear in the following order, apparently according to procedure: The 
first is John Carver; 2, William Bradford; 3, Edward Winslow; 4, Elder William 
Brewster ; 5, Isaac Allerton ; 6, Myles Standish ; 7, John Alden. 

Bom, as it is asserted, in 1584, Myles Standish, it was found by the association 
formed in 1846 to endeavor to regain the estate belonging to him in England, held the 
commission of Lieutenant, given him by Queen Elizabeth. As he is first mentioned 
as Captain, that is probably the rank he bore when he left Leyden. 

The familiar story of his courtship by proxy of Priscilla Molines is familiar to every 
New England descendant, and he probably yielded gracefully to the inevitable. There 
is no evidence of any resentment to the successful suitor of Priscilla's hand, and she set 
an example to the leap-year maidens when she said: " W^hy not ask for yourself, John?" 

Oliver W^endell Holmes, in his " Landing a Punch Bowl," has fully described the 
man, w^hen he says : 

" 'Twas on a dreary winter's eve; the night was closing dim, 
W^hen brave Myles Standish took the bowl and filled it to the brim : 
The Uttle captain stood and stirred the posset with his sword. 
And all his sturdy men-at-arms were ranged about the board." 

This sw^ord referred to, with its Arabic inscription, of which he was so justly 
proud, was fit for aU occasions, whether to " stir the posset " or to carve a turkey. 
The inscription on this sword is thus translated : " W^ith peace God ruled His slaves " 
(meaning creatures), " and with the judgment of His arm He troubled the mightly of 
the wicked " (meaning the most powerful and evil of the wicked). 

He w^ielded this sword with terrible effect on the Indians, the inveterate foe of the 
white man. The Indians, without civilization and its consequent tempering, made 
repeated attacks on the unprotected settlers, but they soon learned to fear the white 
man's " Protector." One Indian who, with the cunning of his savage nature, made 
a trade in furs an excuse for an interview, but returned to his tribe not the least 
deceived by the calm demeanor of the Captain, informed them that " he saw by his 
eye that he (Standish) was angry in his heart." 

He stood at all times between the people and the dangers that surrounded 
them. He did not go with the " sword in one hand and an olive branch in the 
other." Upon his foresight, grasp of the situation and decisive action, depended the 
very existence of the colony. Prompt measures alone would serve as an example. 


He simply obeyed orders, was true to his oath of office, conforming to the " blue book " 
of the day, which then, as now, left no alternative of action. Pastor Robinson, one 
of his warmest friends, was wont " to consider the disposition of their captain, who 
was warm of temper." In his will Standish remembered " Mayre Robinson, in con- 
sideration of the love he bore her grandfather." 

He conducted all the early expeditions against the Indians, and continued in the 
military service of the Colony during his whole life. He commanded the Plymouth 
troops which marched against the Narragansetts in 1645 ; and when hostilities with 
the Dutch were apprehended, in 1653, he was one of the Council of War, of Plymouth, 
and was appointed to command the troops which the Council determined to raise. 

He was also prominent in the civil affairs of the Colony. He was for many 
years Assistant, or a member of the Governor's Council ; and when, in 1626, it became 
necessary to send a representation to England to represent the colonists in their business 
arrangements, he was selected, and entrusted with fiill pow^er to act. 

The need of room, perhaps a desire for a change of privileges, about 1630, sent 
the Pilgrims to Dvixbury, " close by," which was so named after the English home of 
the Standish family. The following, from the town records, indicate the cause, perhaps 
the principal one, for the change : 

" Ano. 1632, April 2. The names of those which promise to remove their families 
to live in the towne in the winter time, that they may the better to the worship of God : 

John Alden, 
Capt. Standish, 
Jonathan Brewster, 
Thomas Prence. 

Capt. Standish showed his strength of character by using, not abusing, his power ; 
and strange as it may appear, though his intercourse with the Indians was of the law 
and order style, they appreciated the position he took, that he was their just friend in 
reverses, and rendered him affection and even homage in many instances. 

The Indian, Hobomok, who was a friend of the English, early adopted the Chris- 
tian religion, and became an inmate of Capt. Standish's home, endearing himself to all 
by his loyalty, going with Standish as his guide and interpreter. According him the 
spirit and power of a ruler, the quick resentment that had a code of honor where 
wrongs were inflicted, the records of Plymouth and Duxbury hold no cleaner pages 
than those which bore his name, telling that he only twice appeared before the Court, 
and then simply to punish offenders for cruelty to his animals ; once his dog. 


" Though small of stature, he had an active genius, a sanguine temper, and a 
strong constitution," affording us "an instance not only of the nerve of the Pilgrims, 
but a tjTJe of their hearts." He "died Oct. 31, 1650, aged 72," a man full of years, 
and honored by his generation. By his wife, Barbara, who probably came in the Ann, 
in 1625, he had issue : 

Alexander Standish (see record below). 

Charles, living 1627. 


Myles, died April 5, 1663. 

Josiah, " March 7, 1690. 


Alexander Standish, eldest child of Capt. Myles Standish and Barbara Standish, 
his w^ife, was bom probably about 1623, and was admitted freeman of the Colony, 
1648. He was clerk of Duxbury 1695-1700. Referring to church arrangements in the 
settlement at Duxbury, it is said that " w^hen the distance being great, they w^ere obliged 
to have a meeting-house of their ow^n, in due course of time, Alexander Standish, 
alw^ays the heir-apparent, was deacon." 

Alexander Standish married, first, Sarah, daughter of John Alden, and by her had 
seven children. 

He married, secondly. Desire, first the widow of Israel Holmes, and second, that 
of William Sherman. Her maiden name was Doty, and she was the daughter of 
Edw^ard Doty. 

Edward Doty came in the Mayflower in 1620, a London youth in the service of 
Stephen Hopkins, and was the Fortieth Signer of the Mayflower Compact. Regard- 
ing his ancestral line and social standing at home, a careful research was made in 
1873 by Albert G. "Welles, President of the Genealogical Society, and M. S. Foreman, 
the Secretary, and as the result, stated Edward Dotey, or Doughty, of the Mayflower, 
w^as an English youth belonging to the same family as Sir Charles Montague Doughty, 
or Doty, of Therburton Hill, Suffolk County, England, formerly of Lincoln County. 

This family has an ancient and honorable record that dates back to the Norman 

There is a w^ell founded statement in writing that " Edward Doty ran away from 
home in resentment of his oldest brother's inheritance of the home and emoluments," 
has not only a foundation in truth, but there is more to it than this fact. Under the 
law^ of primogeniture introduced by Norman lawyers soon after the Norman Conquest, 
only the eldest son had any rights, and the younger son, in common with all others. 


under the laws of England, was obliged to serve his apprenticeship of seven years to 
earn the rights of citizenship. This was Edward Doty's situation when he entered 
the service of Stephen Hopkins and occupied the same position socially at that of any 
other member. 

Edward Doty completed his apprenticeship and by 1640 he was a considerable 
land owner and a man of position and influence. He married 1634-1635, Fayth Clarke 
only 16 years of age, daughter of Thurston Clarke. It is said that she had a very 
beautiful home at Plymouth on the "High Cliff" when the following named children 
were bom, Edward, John, Desire Doty, (see record), Samuel Thomas, Elizabeth, Isaac, 
Joseph and Henry. 

Desire Doty, third child of Edward and Faith (Clarke) Doty, after being twice 
married, and tw^ice a w^idow^ became the w^ife of Alexander Standish. 

Alexander Standish by his wife Desire nee Doty had issue 

Thomas Standish, born 1687, (See record). 

Desire, bom 1689. 



Thomas Standish, eldest child of Alexander and Desire (Sherman nee Doty) 
Standish was bom 1687. He married Mary Carver, daughter of William, son of John, 
son of Robert, one of the early settlers of Marshfield and brother of Govenor John 

William Carver, eldest son of John (son of Robert Carver), was bom 1658, died at 
Marshfield, Mass., 1760 age 102, and is noticed by Gov. Hutchinson and Dr. Belknap 
in the biography of Gov. Carver as the grandson of the Governor ; but in Pemberton's 
MS. Journal, in the library of the Massachusetts Historical Society, he is called "the 
nephew^ of Governor Carver, being his brother's son." 

John Carver, the father of W^illiam, died 1679 age 42, leaving a widow, Millicent, 
who was daughter of William Ford, and eight children. He was the son of Robert 
Carver, one of the founders of Marshfield, Mass., and brothers of Governor John Carver 
of Plymouth Colony. 

Mrs. Haxton, in her Ma5rflower Descendants refers to " the obnoxious claims of 
the other Carvers to the relationship with Governor John Carver of Plymouth." She 
evidently was not familiar with the Pemberton Manuscripts which establishes the re- 
lationship of the "other Carvers" beyond question. 

The armorial bearings of the Carver family indicate that it was one of great anti- 
quity, and that some members of it took part in the Holy W^ar. These are described as 


Arms — Argent on a chevron a fleur-de-lis, or. 

Crest— Out of a ducal coronet, or, a Saracen's head couped at the shoulders proper. 

Thomas Standish, by his wife, Mary (Carver) Standish, had issue : 

David Standish (see record). 






David Standish, eldest son of Thomas and Mary (Carver) Standish, was bom in 
Marshfield, Mass., 1725. The family Bible states that he " dyed Jvine the 4th, Thurs- 
day, 4 o'clock, the 70th year of his adge, 1795." His wife " dyed Tuesday eve, 9 
o'clock, 75 years of her age, Aug. ye 23, anno. 1803." Either this David or his son> 
David, belonged to a company of militia under the command of Capt. Thomas Turner, 
w^hich marched, April 20, 1775, in response to the " alarm from Lexington ; and again 
in the same company, as a part of Col. Theophilus Cotton's regiment, marched to R. I. 
agreeably to resolve of the General Court of Mass., Sep. 25, 1777." He or his son, 
David, w^as a member of Capt. "William Wosten's company, raised to serve on the 
Gurnell, for the harbor of Plymouth, July to Oct., 1770. 

David Standish married Hannah Magoun, and had issue : 


Olivia Standish (see record). 

Olivia Standish, daughter of David and Hannah (Magoun) Standish, was bom 
May 29, 1748 ; married to Stockbridge Josselyn. 

Stockbridge Josselyn, by his wife, Olivia (Standish) Josselyn, had issue : 

I. Olivia Josselyn, bom Nov. 10, 1769; married to Hon. W^illiam Brown Slocum 

(see record). 

II. Stockbridge, bom Feb. 25, 1772. 

III. Abigail, bom June 23, 1774. 

IV. Lucy, bom April 9, 1777; died unmarried. 

V. Ruth, bom April 1, 1779; married to Capt. Daniel Hall, 

VI. Seth, bom Dec. 5, 1782. 

VII. James, bom Nov. 13, 1785. 

VIII. Christopher, bom May 2, 1788. 

IX. Amasa, bom Feb. 24, 1790. 


Olivia Josselyn, eldest child of Stockbridge Josselyn and his wife, Olivia (Standish) 
Josselyn, was married to Hon. William Brown Slocum, April 28, 1793. 

Hon. William Brown Slocvim, by his wife, Olivia Qosselyn) had issue, nine 
children, all bom in Rensselaer County, New York : 

I. Mary, bom 1795 ; married to John H. Groesbeck. She died in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
Sept. 6, 1852, and was the mother of the following children : 

1. Margaret Ann ; married to Robert Burnet. 

2. Herman ; married to Rosina Benoist, in Covington, Kentucky. 

3. William ; " Elizabeth Burnet, in Cincinnati, Ohio. 

4. Olivia; " Gen. Joseph Hooker. 

5. Mary; " A. S. Sullivan. 

6. Lucy; " T. G. Gaylord. 

7. Augustus ; died early. 

8. John Brown ; married to Genevieve Wilson, in Cincinnati. 

II. Almira, born 1797 ; died in Raymertown, N. Y., unmarried. She was noted 

for her piety and good works. 

III. Isaac. 

IV. Joseph Slocum, bom 1800 (see record). 

V. Hiram, born May 2, 1802 ; married Elizabeth Van Vechten. 

VI. Eliza; married to Augustus Strong. 

VII. William Brown ; died in New Orleans, La., unmarried. 

VIII. Maria; married to Clark Perry, in 1831 ; died at Raymertown, N. Y. 

IX. Lucy Josselyn, died about 1828, at Schaghticoke, N. Y. 

I^ntt. ilnsfpit riorum, fourth child of Hon. W^illiam Brown Slocum and his wife, 
Olivia (Josselyn) Slocum, was born in Schaghticoke township, Rennselaer County, New^ 
York, in 1800. He settled in Syracuse, N. Y., where he became a successful merchant 
and a leader in public affairs. He was elected to the State Legislature in 1849. He 
subsequently made a journey to Russia, and w^as employed by that Government to 
establish agricultural schools in the Empire, and to import American improvements in 
agricultural implements. One of the first plows he took to that country was placed in 
the Russian National Museum as an object of great interest. He died in Syracuse, 
March 20, 1863, and was buried in Oakw^ood Cemetery. He lived an honored and 
useful life, and left a bright example of true manhood and uprightness of character ; 
such a man never dies, " his works do foUow^ him, and his memory is cherished by those 
who come after him." The local papers referred to him as " a man of large intellect, 
fine education and gentlemanly attainments, possessed of the most liberal view^s on all 

^an. SoHpplf riorum 


matters. As a legislator he served with fidelity to his constituents and honor to him- 
self." He married in Cambridge, Washington County, N. Y., May 4, 1825, Margaret 
Pierson Jermain, daughter of Major John Jermain, first of White Plains, Westchester 
County, N. Y., and later of Sag Harbor, Long Island (see record of Major John Jermain). 

In a work published in 1907, entitled, " Memorials of Love," it being "A Sermon by 
Rev. George B. Spalding, D.D., LL.D., pastor of the first Presbyterian Church, Syra- 
cuse, N. Y., May 19, 1907, in reference to the western Transept Window, erected by 
Margaret Olivia Slocum Sage and Joseph Jermain Slocum, in loving memory of their 
father and mother, Joseph Slocum and Margaret Pierson Slocum, and the eastern 
Transept W^indow, erected by Margaret Olivia Slocum Sage, as a Memorial of the 
pastor of her childhood, Rev. John W^atson Adams, D.D.:" 

Dr. Spalding said : "Ten years ago Mrs. Russell Sage and her brother, Joseph 
Jermain Slocum, erected in the choir loft of the former church a window, in loving 
memory of their father, Joseph Slocum, and their mother, Margaret Jermain Slocum, 
This window, greatly enlarged, has found its fitting place in the western transept of 
the new^ edifice. 

" Mr. Joseph Slocum, the father, was a charter member of the first Board of Trus- 
tees, of whom Hon. A. J. Northrop said in his fine historical address on the occasion of 
the Seventy-fifth Anniversary of the Church, in 1899: 'They w^ere pioneers of Pres- 
byterianism w^ithin the limits of old Syracuse, strong and true men, w^ho were foremost 
in public affairs, and in laying the foundations of the institutions and the prosperity we 
thankfully enjoy ; ' and of the mother, Margaret Pierson Jermain, it has been said by 
one who carries the traditions of this churche's precious jewels in the treasury of her 
heart : ' An Elect Lady by birth and environment, for the law of the Lord governed 
the household into which she was born, and in this holy law she loved to meditate with 
an abiding trust in its promises, and a quick faith which never wavered, even w^hen 
gathering years, with their varied experiences, brought their sorrows and perplexities. 
As wife and mother, she ordered well the ways of her household. As a fi-iend, she 
w^as loyal, and much given to hospitality, and gifted with a peculiarly sw^eet and gen- 
erous natvire. Fulfilled to her was the promise, ' W^ith long life will I satisfy thee,' for 
it was granted her to spend an honored old age in the homes of her daughter and 
son, and to see grow^ing up around her children's children of the third and fourth 

" The filial love and gratitude of the children of such parents, as expressed in this 
w^indow, we, as a church, will keep sacred while these walls endure. 

" And now, to-day, we receive another deposit of this daughter's tender affection, 


another window by which her great loving heart would perpetuate its tender esteem 
of her ' child's pastor,' the first minister of this church, Rev. John W^atson Adams, 
D.D., who baptized Margaret Olivia Slocum and her brother, and received her into 
church membership. 

" The gifted artist has caught the wonderful scene of our Lord's baptism by John, 
in the Jordan. Our Savior's feet stand in the flowing stream. His face is turned 
upward as the water from the shell in the Baptist's hands is poured upon him. The 
face, flooded with the light of the descending dove, the eyes suffused w^ith deepest 
feeling, are the full expression of a spirit of mingled devotion, perfect submission and 
adoring love. 

" The marvellous scene is bordered upon the sides with faces of the Apostles yet 
to be called, and above, in canopies of softened splendor, the faces of angels, radient 
in beauty, look down with blessing. 

" In the name of this church, which is receiving into its keeping these treasures of 
art and commemorating affection, I congratulate the artist on this successful completion 
of months of labor and earnest prayers. In the name of this church I express its grati- 
tude of Mrs. Sage for her continued love to this church, and for this splended memorial 
to its first pastor ; pastor of the church's childhood as of her own. This church will 
cherish and preserve with loving care the new monument of affection and incentive to 

Thus the memory of these two bright and shining lights in the Christian world 
will ever be kept green, and the motto inscribed on the Slocum arms, that " virtue 
outlives the grave," will have a perfect fulfillment, as 

" Only the actions of the just 
Look green, and flourish in the dust." 

The ancestral line of the mother, whose memory has thus been perpetuated, is 
shown in the record of Major John Jermain and that of his wife, Margaret Pierson. 

Owing to the loss of many important records during the War of the Revolution 
the ancestral line of Major John Jermain has not been clearly established. 

One account states that " The sufferings endured by the inhabitants of West- 
chester were not due alone to the outrages inflicted by the Royal Army, but by the 
Commissioned Officers of the American Army who had been sent into the country for 
the protection of the inhabitants and of their properties. The Committee of Safety 
addressed a letter to the President of the Continental Congress, stating that the Court 
House and the remains of the village at the White Plains, which had been spared on 

Ifugu^nnt il^mnrml Uinbnut 

prfaftttrb tn ti^t ^tm fork ftatonral ^orirtg bg iHra. SJuhh^U ^uqc 

Wnt of % moat beautiful marks of art. as aseil as of Ijiatortr tntf rpat tJ^at aborna ll|f 
mm bttUbing of tiff Ntm ^ork Iftatortral S'orwtg, ta tljf JHpmortal Winboui pr^af ittrb to llfp 
^omty by iEra. iluaaf U ^agr in rf rognittott of tljr Uttif rolong of ?^U0Uf nota. uiljo. forrt b 
bg ronttnuf b ppraf ruttona on arrount of ti\nv rfltgton. flrb from tljptr t|omra in iFranrp. anb 
Bouglft tpfogp in i!|oUanb. ?Englanb anb ^rotlanb. anb finalist founb a aafe asylum in lljp 
3Prooinrp of Nrm fork. ®f tljia littU rolong uiaa am of ttff anrratora of iMra. Suaarll 
^agp. ulljta iMfmorial mill bt apprrriat^b bg tlj? bfacpnbanls of ttjf littb rolong of 
i^nguf nota ml|o fonnbfb anb nauwb tlft tomn of 5fpm Sorljf lU in Mf atrljrstpr (Eountg, 5f. f .. 
anb afiforba ranap for rongratulation tljat tljp mf morg of tljpir anrratora ia tljua to be prr- 
pjtnatrb. ullfia ia alao intpnbrb aa a memorial to ilra. Harttya 3. iCamb. tljf mfll knomn 
Ifiatorian anb fonnbf r of tljr l|uguf not S'orirtg. 

(Hlfia brautiful ilf morial Winbom ia tl|p mork of Uiaa Mav^ uJiUingtrast. a famona 
'Ntm fork artiat. mljo ia alao a brarf nbant of tljt ?l^ugn^not rr fugr^a. Qllff mork Ijaa bf r n 
mnrlf abmirtb anb faaorabl^t notirf b bg ttjp art rritira of tiff Npm fork prraa. 

mfs anbtprt ia " QIlp ISjpuoration of tljf Ebitt of Nantpa." 

Sllff srtnp in tlj? main optninga sljoma a room at ^Fontainbkan mitlj a xtitm of tiff park 
tljrouglf tiff long minboma mlfpr? , arrorbing to trabition. 2jonia XIV signrb tlf? Sfnoration. 

®lff King. Slouis XIV. is slfomn in a rostnmp of tonps of mtfitf . rirlflg rmbroibfrrb, 
anb robfb in a mantb of rogal pnrplf borb^rrb urttlf ^rminp. anb m^aring tiff tall pprrnquf 
anb tiff Ifiglf Ifffla Iff afffrtfb to inrrfaa? Ifia Ifpiglft. ^t is surrounbfb bg attfnbant 
rourtif rs robrb in tiff rtrlf roatumfa of tiff pf riob. At tiff SCing'a ffft knffla a aolbif r rlab 
in armour. Iff Imft in Ifanb. rf rfitrtng tiff rogal rommanb to figlft tiff fuf mifa of tiff Qllfurrlf. 
©Iff poaf of ffionta ia oigoroua anb impoaing. aa Iff pointa mitlf Ifia smorb to tiff 3mpf rial 
ifrrff bf aring tiff morba " ffia Sfuoration bf I'iEbit bf Jfantfa." 

©Iff rf gal fignrf of illabamf bf Maintf non appf ara in tiff opr ning at tiff riglft, bf auti- 
fnllg arragf b in ronrt roatuntf of mlfitf anb golb brorabf . mitlf a long train of rosf satin 
mlfirlf alff ia Ifolbing bark, mitlf onf Ifanb. in a poaf of fxrfptional brautg anb bignitg. 

©Iff arrlfitf rtnral ff aturf a rarrg out tiff ge nf ral arlff mf of tiff room at 3Fontainblf an. 

©Iff roat of arms in tiff nppf r part of tiff If ft opf ning is tlf at of Iff nrg of Naoarrr . 
anb is surmountf b b^r Ifia mfballion portrait. 

Jin tiff nppf r part of tiff opf ning ia tiff roat of arma of ilamr a II. mlfo aurrorrb tiff 
l|ugufnota in tlffir biatrfaa. Abowf it apprara a mfballion of ffiouia XIV, aftfr tiff 
^fttoration jllf bal atrnrk at Somf in romntf moration of tiff iEbirt of Nantf s. 

" (Ulff ?l|uguf not iCoof ra " (aftfr UliUaia) arf alfomn in tiff mfballion ottrr tiff rf ntrf 
opf ning. 

©Iff foUoming inarription ia plarr b in tiff baaf of tiff minbom : " Jn romntf moration 
of tiff ifuguf nota mlfO flf b to Antf rira oming to tiff Hf notation of tiff Prioilf gr a arrorbing 
bg ttff iEbirt of Nantf a." 

Jebruarg. 1599. (§ttabn, 1BB5. 


the retreat of our forces, was, after the enemy had in their turn retired, wantonly- 
destroyed without the Order, and to the infinite regret of our worthy General. In 
addition to the destruction of the Court House, with all its valuable records, the church 
was burned on the night of the 5th of November, 1776. Thus the town and church 
records were entirely destroyed, and many of the inhabitants fled after their houses 
and other property was destroyed by the so-called "patriots." 

It is a well known fact that in the little Huguenot family settled at New Rochelle 
there was a family of Jermains. The name is found in the marriage records of New 
York City and in several towns on Long Island. The State rosters and Revolutionary 
RoUs contains some of this name who served in the patriot army. 

Among the numerous French families that fled to England and Scotland after the 
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes were the Jermains, or Jermyns, as the name is 
frequently spelled, and some of the descendants fled to America during the latter part 
of the seventeenth and early part of the eighteenth centuries. 

In the absence of all documentary evidence concerning the direct ancestral of 
Major John Jermain, his descendants may point with pride to him as the founder of 
the family in this country. Not a single " black sheep " has ever been found among 
them, and the family escutcheon remains untarnished. The public and private life of 
Major John Jermain and the splendid record of his descendants show that he must 
come of an excellent family, endowed with great intellectual and moral attainments. 

It has alw^ays been claimed, with many facts to substantiate such claim, that 
Major John Jermain was a descendant of one of the numerous families of Huguenots 
who fled to this country fi-om France and England. Baird's " Huguenot Emigration 
to America," vol. ii., page 268, says: "Jean Germin, or Germaine, was a native of 
Trimblade, in the province of Sainti^ge." 

"Jean Germin, fiigitif de la Trimblade. He was one of the Narragansett (R. I.) 
settlers in 1686. 

" During the Indian hostilities in Rhode Island many of the Huguenot families who 
had settled there were obliged to flee for their lives. 

" Upon leaving Narragansett, the refugees became widely scattered. Among 
those who left and joined other settlements were the Germaines, and the name appears 
on the records in different parts of the State of New York and on Long Island. It is 
spelled Germin, Germaine, Jermyn and Jermaine. The same is spelled in a variety of 
ways in England, Scotland and Wales. Jean Germaine is John Germaine, or Jermaine, 
in English ; the pronunciation is almost identical in the original." 



Major John Jermain was bom in Westchester County, New York, May 20, 1758. 
That his educational opportunities were favorable to the development of his intellectual 
inheritance is shown in his subsequent business and public career. There can be 
no question of his patriotism, and of his ardent devotion to the cause of American 
Independence. If he w^as not on the " fighting line " in the front ranks of the patriot 
army, he was certainly in the line of duty from the beginning to the close of the war, 
and he determined to perpetuate that event so far as lay in his power by naming his 
youngest son after the Father of his Country. The Revolutionary Rolls of the State 
of New York are very incomplete, and even w^ithin the past few^ years muster rolls 
were found in obscure comers of the State Archives, w^here they had remained since 
the close of the war, and it will not be at all surprising if additional lists are discovered, 
showing the names and record of many who rendered important service in defence of 
their country. Probably at the close of the war he moved to Long Island, w^here he 
married Margaret Pierson, and from that time forward his Kfe was an open book, " to 
be seen and read of all men." 

The date of his removal to Sag Harbor (in the town of Southampton), Long 
Island, is not definitely known ; but he engaged in business there, and was no doubt 
successful in his several undertakings, as he accumulated considerable property for 
those days. The Southampton Town Records contain the following, vol. iii., page 
338-9 : " "Whereas, the Trustees of Southampton, on the third day of December, in the 
year 1782, did grant unto Nathan Fordham, and Ebenezer White, Esq., and Deacon 
David Hodges, the pond called Otter pond, lying near Sagg Harbour, with all the 
privileges of said Pond, and likewise the privileges to dig across the road to have said 
pond to communicate with the salt water as ordered ; to make a Fish Pond, together 
with the privileges of the brook that may run from said pond, so that the fish may not 
be hindered from coming in ; to them, their heirs, and assigns forever, provided always 
that they do and shall well and tmly make and maintain a good and sufficient bridge 
across said brook, at least twelve feet wide, with a rail on each side of the same, 
suitable for all sorts of carriages to pass over on ; and W^hereas, the proprietors of said 
pond did, on the eighteenth day of Febmary, in the year one thousand seven hundred 
and ninety-three, petition to the trustees that the above-said grant, with the privileges 
of the pond, should be transferred to John Jermain, with the privilege to set mills on 
the stream. Voted that the above-said grant for the Otter Pond, together with the 
privileges belonging to the same, with liberty to put mills on the stream, be transferred 
to John Jermain, his heirs and assigns forever ; provided always that he do and shall 
well and tmly make and maintain a good and sufficient bridge over said brook. 














seventeen feet wide, with a road on each side of the same, and boarded up to said rail, 
suitable for all sorts of carriages to pass over ; and further, that the said John Jermain 
have liberty to dig across the road in order to let the water of Crooked Pond and Little 
Long Pond into said pond; provided always that he do and shall well and truly make 
and maintain good and sufficient bridges across said brooks for all sorts of carriages to 

Henry Corwither, Jonathan Roger, 

John Fordham, Rufus Foster, 

David Hodges, Daniel Howell, 

Uriah Rogers, James "White, 

David Hains, Jeremiah Post, 

David Hulsey. 

Per Caleb Cooper, Clerk. 
A true copy, compared and examined by me, 

Wm. Herrick, Clerk." 

Major John Jermain was an enterprising, public-spirited citizen, and entered 
heartily into every project for the improvement and development of his adopted town. 
He w^as a model husband, a tender and affectionate father, and an upright, honorable 
citizen, w^ho enjoyed to the fullest extent the confidence and esteem of his neighbors, 
as w^ell as that of his fellow^ citizens, throughout Suffolk County. He died at Sag 
Harbor, Long Island, February 17, 1819, leaving a will, of which the following is a 
certified copy : 


In the name of God, Amen. I, John Jermain, of the Town of Southampton, in 
the County of Suffolk and State of New York, Merchant, being of sound mind and 
memory, thanks be given unto God for the same, therefore, calling unto mind the 
mortality of my body, and knowing that is appointed for all men once to die, do make 
and ordain this my last will and testament, that is to say : First, I give my soul to 
God, with a hope of salvation threw the merits of Jesus Christ our Lord, and with 
regard to my worldly estate, after paying my just debts, and allowing my wife her 
Dower, it is my wiU that a distribution of my Estate be made to Silvanus Jermain, 
Rebecca Spooner, Juleaan Prime, Alanson Jermain, Caroline Jermain, John Jermain, 
Jun., George W. Jermain, and Margaret Jermain the 2nd, or the younger, to their 
heirs and assigns forever. 

But as my children are all dear and dutiful to me alike, I wish a just distribution 
of my property to each of them ; therefore, it is necessary here to mention that Rebecca 


Spooner and Juleaan Prime has been advanced out of my estate for thare fumatvire, 
beding, and out fits to the ampt of three hundred dollars each, and Sylvanus P. Jer- 
main and Alanson Jermain for their education and other expenses have had, I should 
say two hundred dollars more than John and George ; and it is my -will that this may 
be adjusted equal and in brotherly love, also the amount that w^as advanced out of my 
estate to my dear departed daughter, Poley. I wish that to be given to her three 
children, Elbert Daniel, Jun., and Mary Latham, at the discretion of their Father, 
Daniel Latham, and my wife, Margaret Jermain ; and. 

Lastly, I constitute and appoint my beloved wife, Margaret Jermain, Silvanus 
P. Jermain, and Alanson Jermain, executors of this my last will and testament. 

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal this seventh day of 
June, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and eleven. 

Signed, sealed and declared by the said John Jermain, to be his last will and testa- 
ment, in presents of each of us the subscribers witness: 

Abraham Corey, 
Wm. Ramond, 
Charles Douglass. 

John Jermain (L. S.) 
Proved March 23, 1819. 

Recorded in Suffolk County Surrogate Office, in Liber. D. of Wills, at page 191. 

State of New York, 1 

Suffolk County, Surrogate's Court. J 

I, Robert W. Duvall, Clerk of the Surrogate's Court of the said County, do hereby 
certify that I have compared the foregoing copy of the will of John Jermain, deceased, 
with the original record thereof, now remaining in this office, and have found the same 
to be a correct transcript therefrom, and of the whole of the said original record. 

In Witness W^hereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of office, 
the 10th day of February, in the year of our Lord, one thousand nine hundred and 

Robert W^. Duvall, 

Clerk of the Surrogate's Court. 

Major Jermain is said to have served in the Westchester Militia during the War 
of the Revolution. He commanded the fort at Sag Harbor in the War of 1812-15; 
and this was one of the most exposed points on the Long Island coast, a large fleet of 
British ships being almost constantly stationed near the entrance to New London 



harbor, and cruising around near the mouth of the Connecticut river, watching for 
American privateers, which w^ere constantly engaged in preying on British commerce. 

Unfortunately, all the records pertaining to the defence of Long Island during the 
War of 1812, except the town of Brooklyn, have been lost. That Major Jermain saw 
active service during that period there can be no doubt. His title of "Major" was 
honestly earned, and w^as by no means a merely " ornamental " one. 

Major John Jermain married, August 27, 1781, Margaret, daughter of Sylvanus 
Pierson, of Bridgehampton, L. I., son of Josiah, son of Colonel Henry, son of Henry 
Pierson, founder of the Long Island branch of the Pierson family, and brother of Rev. 
Abraham Pierson (see Pierson family). 


In the various accounts published of Rev. Abraham Pierson, of Connecticut, and 

Henry Pierson, of Southampton, Long Island, no 
attempt has been made to establish the relationship 
between them. The marriage records of England, 
however, have established the fact beyond question 
that they were brothers, and came of a family of con- 
siderable distinction, having been honored by their 
sovereign for distinguished services rendered, as shown 
by their armorial bearings, which are nearly the same 
as those borne by the Dean of Salisbury, viz.: 

Arms — Three suns in pale, or, between two palets 

Crest — A demi lion proper, holding in the dexter 
paw a sun or. 

jier^Ott Motto — Mea spes est in Deo (My hope is in God). 

From the English Church Records: 

I. Richard Pierson, of St. Mary's, Aldermeary, married, 1540, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Edward Church, by Thomassine, daughter of Liman Hendon. Children : 

1. Henry, married Anne [She married, 2ndly, Oct. 25, 1567, Thomas 

Chamber laine.] 

1. Anne, Aug. 10, 1586, married Thomas L. Wilbraham. 



Richard Pierson (see record). 


II. Richard Pierson, Jr., son of above-named Richard, of St. Mary, Aldermeary, 
bom 1545 ; married, July 1, 1567, Johann Harwood. Issue : 

1. Henry Pierson. 

III. Henry Pierson, son of Richard Pierson, Jr., of St. Mary, Aldermeary, bom 
1568 ; married . He was the father of 

IV. Abraham Pierson, of Shadwell, Parish of Stepney, Middlesex, bom 1590; 
married, July 31, 1615, Christian Johnson, widow, and had 

1. Abraham, bom 1616; Trinity College, Cambridge, 1632; A.M., 1636; 
came to New England 1639, first to Lsmn, Mass. ; Southampton, 
Long Island, 1640-1647; Branford, Conn., 1647-66; Newark, N. J., 
1666, to his death. 
Henry Pierson, son of Abraham (1) and Christian Qohnson) Pierson, was bom in 
England, 1618; came to New England with his brother, Rev. Abraham. He settled 
first at Lynn, Mass., and removed thence, with his brother and a small colony, from 
Lynn to Southampton, Long Island. [The place was named from Southampton, Eng- 
land; called by the Indians "Ag-wam, " a place abounding in fish.] 

Henry Pierson, like his brother, was a man of deep piety and strong religious con- 
victions, as well as fine scholarly attainments, and a leader in public affairs of the 
town. Both he and his brother labored earnestly for the temporal and spiritual 
upbuilding of the town, until the latter removed to Branford, in 1647. From that 
time forward Henry was the leading spirit of the town, notably in educational matters, 
and is said to have been the founder of the common school system of America. 

The town of Southampton was incorporated by patent, under Governor Andros, 
Nov. 1, 1676, confirmed by Governor Dongan, Dec. 6, 1686, and recognized as a to^vn 
March 7, 1788. The Trustees named in the first patent were: John Topping, John 
Howell, Thomas Halsey, Sen., Jos. Raynor, Edward Howell, John Jagger, John Foster, 
Francis Sayre, Jos. Fordham, Henry Pierson, John Cooper (father-in-law of Henry 
Pierson), Ellis Cook, Samuel Clarke, Rich. Post, and John Jennins. 

Henry Pierson was elected Clerk of Suffolk County, L. I., in 1669, and held that 
position till 1681. He wrote a clear, bold, scholarly hand, a rare accomplishment in 
those days. He was consulted on all matters relating to transfers, judicial and local 
govemment affairs. A deed signed by Nathaniel Pierson, one of his descendants, is 
written in a clear, bold, beautiful hand, an evidence of family inheritance. Most of 
Henry's descendants were men of culture and scholarly attainments. Henry Pierson 
married Mary, daughter of John Cooper. 


John Cooper, of Lynn, Mass., came from England in the Hopewell, in 1635, 
aged 41, with his wife Wibroe and children, Mary aged 13, John 10, Thomas 7, and 
Martha 5. He was a son of Edward Cooper. He came to Southampton with the 
colony from Lynn, and was one of the Trustees named in the original patent under 
Governor Andros. 

Henry Pierson (1) by his wife Mary (Cooper) Pierson had issue 
Abigail, bom 1649. 
Joseph, " 1656. 
Henry Pierson (2)— see record below. 
Benjamin, moved to New Jersey. 
Theodore, bom 1669. 
Sarah, " January 20, 16—. 

Col. Henry Pierson, third child of Henry (1) and Mary (Cooper) Pierson, was bom 
at Southampton, 1652. He was a man of superior education, cultured and refined in 
manners, and a gentleman in the highest sense of the term ; prominent in military 
affairs, a thorough organizer and strict desciplinarian. He was elected to the General 
Assembly of the Province of New^ York and was reelected for several successive terms, 
together with his brother-in-law. Col. Matthew Howell. He served on all the 
important committees and did much in shaping legislation and laying the foundations of 
of our Colonial and State laws. He was Speaker of the Assembly from 1690 to 1695, 
and was associated with the leading statesmen and other public men of that period. 
He deserves to rank high among the great founders of the Empire State. He married 
Susanna, daughter of Major John Howell, son of Edward. 

Edward Howell came with his family to Boston in 1639, and was admitted 
freeman of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in March of the same year. He soon 
removed to L5ain, where he had a grant of 500 acres. Dviring the winter of 1639-40 a 
new settlement was proposed on Long Island of which he seems to have been the leader, 
as the compact, or agreement of terms of founding the plantation is in his handwriting, 
as well as the laws adopted by the first settlers, and to the last year of his life he was 
always Magistrate and a member of the General Court at Hartford, Conn., Southampton 
then being under the jurisdiction of Connecticut. 

The Howells sprang from a Knightly family w^ho descend from one of the ancient 
families of North Wales. The armorial bearings are recorded in the College of 
Heraldry, described as 

Arms.— Three towers, triple-towered, argent. 


Crest— Out of a ducal coronet or, a rose argent, stalked and leaved vert, between 
two wings endorsed of the last. 

Edward Howell, by his wife Frances, had six children, of whom John was the third. 

Major John Howell, son of Edward and Frances How^eU, w^as baptized Nov. 22, 
1624. He was a man of distinction, and one w^ho, more than any other of his contem- 
poraries in Southampton was entrusted with the management of public business, espec- 
ially in its greater relations with New England and the colonial government of New^ 
York. By his wife Susannah, he had eleven children of whom Susanna w^as the sixth. 

Col. Henry Pierson, by his wife Susannah (Howell) Pierson, had issue eight chil- 
dren, viz : 

1. John, bom Nov. 30, 1685. 

2. David, bom 1688. 

3. Hannah, 

4. Sarah. 

5. Theophilus, bom 1690. 

6. Abraham, " 1693. 

7. Josiah Pierson, bom 1695. (See record). 

8. Mary. 

Josiah Pierson seventh child of Col. Henry by his wife Mary (Howell) Pierson, was 
bom 1695. He lived the life of a quiet industrious farmer with no ambition for public 
or military affairs. He was four times married, and raised a large family of children, 
many of whom lived honorable lives and perpetuated the virtues of the Pierson Family. 
Of these there were 

I. Silas. 

II. Matthew, born 1725. 

III. Sylvanus Pierson, bom 1727. (See record). 

IV. Paul. 

V. Timothy. 

VI. Josiah. 

VII. Joseph. 

VIII. Benjamin. 

IX. John. 

X. Martha, married to Stephen Jagger. 

XI. Susannah, married to David Hodges. 

Sylvanus Pierson, third child of Josiah Pierson, was bom March 2, 1725 ; died at 


Bridgehampton, L. I., Aug. 23, 1795. He married Rebecca Lupton, daughter of David 
Lupton, of Boston, Mass. Their children were 

I. Rebecca. 

II. Margaret. 

III. Sally. 

IV. Margaret Pierson, married to John Jermain. 

The children of Major John Jermain and his wife Margaret (Pierson) Jermain 

I. Mary, bom May 7, 1782 ; died at Sag Harbor, Long Island, Jan. 28, 

1811. She was married to Daniel Latham at Sag Harbor, Feb. 19th, 
1800. He died at Sag Harbor, Nov. 15, 1830. 

II. Silvanus Pierson Jermain, bom Jan. 31, 1784; died at Albany, N. Y., 

April 20, 1869. He married Catharine Barclay, at Albany, N. Y., 
Aug. 1, 1807. She died at Albany, N. Y., Jan. 24 1816. 

III. Rebecca, bom Oct. 2, 1787 ; died in Brooklyn, N, Y., Nov. 15, 1824. 

She was married to Col. Alden Spooner, Feb. 24, 1807. He died in 
Brooklyn, N. Y., Nov. 24, 1848. 

IV. Julie Ann, born Jan. 31, 1789 ; died at White Plains, N. Y., Aug. 24, 

1874. She was married to Rev. Nathaniel Scudder Prime, D.D., at 
Sag Horbor, L. I., July 5, 1808. He died at Mamaroneck, N. Y., 
March 27, 1856. 

V. Alanson, bom Feb. 10, 1791; died Nov. 5, 1885; married Sabra Rice 

at Albany, N. Y., Jan. 12, 1820. She died in New York City, 
May 13, 1841. 

VI. Caroline, bom Jan. 25, 1794; married Rev. Stephen Porter, at Sag 

Harbor, L. I., June 9, 1812 ; died at Geneva, N. Y., June 18, 1877. 

VII. John, born March 22, 1796 ; died at Detroit, Mich., March 15, 1881. 

He married, at Ovid, N. Y., April 13, 1820, Sarah Delavan ; she 
died Jan, 14, 1890. 

VIII. George \A;'ashington, bom Sept. 29, 1798 ; died at Geneva, N. Y., 
Sept. 21, 1879. He married Comelia Wendell, Jan. 13, 1820; she 
died at Lockport, N. Y., Sept. 6, 1857 ; he married 2ndly, Jan. 9, 1859, 
Abigail P. W^amer, at Milwaukee, Wis. 

IX. Margaret Pierson Jermain, bom March 4, 1804. (See record below). 
Margaret Pierson Jermain, youngest child of Major John Jermain and his wife 

Margaret (Pierson) Jermain, was bom March 4, 1804. She died at Cedarhurst, Long 


Island, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Russell Sage, July 19, 1891. She was a 
woman of fine intellectual gifts, a devout, and concientious Christian, with great firmness 
of character ; at the same time, a gentle loving mother, and the highest type of true 
womanhood. She was greatly beloved in the community where she resided during her 
married life, which was devoted to deeds of charity and love. She was married, at 
Cambridge, N. Y., May 4, 1825, to Joseph Slocum. 

The children of Hon. Joseph Slocum and his wife Margaret Pierson (Jermain) 
Slocum were : 

Margaret Olivia Slocum (see record below) ; married Nov. 24, 1869, at Albany, 
N. Y., to Hon. Russell Sage. 

Joseph Jermain Slocum, bom June 24, 1833. 

Margaret Olivia (Slocum) Sage, eldest child of Hon. Joseph Slocum and his wife, 
Margaret Pierson (Jermain), was bom at Sjo-acuse, N. Y. She inherits, w^ithout 
doubt, the best traits of her distinguished ancestors whose personal history has 
already been given. Environment has been favorable to the development of these 
characteristics. Only those who had enjoyed the most intimate acquaintance with her 
could appreciate the qualities of mind and heart, and the noble qualities with which 
nature has endowed her. This delightful task was undertaken by a classmate and one 
of her closest fiiends, who, after referring to her ancestral line says : 

" From such a parentage it follows that Margaret Olivia Slocum was blessed with 
rare mental endowments and a harmony of character that have signally qualified her 
for an active and conspiciously useful career. 

" She enjoyed in childhood and early youth the advantages of the best private 
schools of S)n-acuse, always loving study for its own sake, and readily mastering the 
elementary branches, so that at twelve years of age she found pleasure in rhetoric and 
pastime in the brilliant marvels of astronomy. 

" Through happy childhood she grew as a flower reaches to the light, full of ecstacy 
of existence, but with a tender concientiousness that foreshadowed an earnest woman- 
hood. She was but a child in years when she wrote in her dairy as the motto of her life: 

"Count that day lost, whose low descending sun 
Views from thy hand no worthy actions done. 

"In 1846 she entered Troy Seminary and graduated in 1847. 

" The following year was passed in her home in Syracuse, until through the financial 
reverses of her father she resolved to become a teacher. In furtherance of this purpose 
she secured a position with her fiiend and former teacher in Troy, Miss Harriette 


Dilaye, who, with Miss Mary L. Bonney, was then at the head of Chestnut Street 
Seminary of Philadelphia, since become renowned as Ogontz School. 

" There Miss Slocum remained for two years, meeting her responsibilities with cheer- 
fial efficiency until her overtaxed strength required a respite. 

" Later she resumed teaching for a while, but from impaired health, only at brief 
intervals. In 1859 she became the second wife of Hon. Russell Sage, the well known 
financier of New York City, and whom she had known from childhood. 

"Amid the responsibilities of her social position, through the years of her married 
and affluent life, she has been true to her early motto. 

" Her benefactions have been unstinted, and her executive ability in her public 
philanthropies has already passed into history. Officially connected with the Women's 
Christian Union as Treasurer, the Woman's Hospital for thirty years, the W^oman's 
Exchange, Home and Foreign Missions, besides other local organizations, she has for 
many years served the interests of these institutions with conspicuous fidelity. 

" Mrs. Sage has been President of the Emma W^illard Association from its begin- 
ning in 1891 for w^hich office her fine presence and recognized administrative qualities 
eminently fit her. 

" She is zealously devoted to the aims of the organizations in the furtherance of 
which she has been liberally aided by her husband. In 1894, Mrs. Sage was chosen 
by the Board of Trustees of the Emma W^illard School, (successor to Troy Seminary) 
to act with them. 

" Of the seventeen trustees, four may be women, and Mrs. Sage was awarded the 
honor of being the first to serve in that capacity with the honorable body. To her 
zealous efforts in behalf of the future of this historic school, perpetuating the name and 
fame of Emma W^illard, and the cordial sympathy and co-operation of her husband in 
his far-reaching plans, we owe the revival of interest in this famous institution, and the 
new departure that has for its object the fullest equipment for the high and liberal 
education of women. 

" On the occasion of the first commencement exercises of the Emma Willard 
School, in 1897, Mrs. Sage was the recipient of a valuable testimonial from the Emma 
Willard Association— a beautiful pin, the design of which is a gold scroll, with a coronet 
of four large diamonds at the top, an enameled bow-knot underneath in imitation of 
the pink ribbon emblem of the school. The monogram ' E. W^. A.' is encrusted with 

"Heartily in touch with the progress of events, Mrs. Sage, in her deductions and 
opinions, gives evidence of a comprehensive mind and a generous judgment. She is a 


fine conversationalist, abundant in anecdote and amiable in repartee. In the cultivated 
society of New York she is known as a genial hostess, who gracefully sustains the 
dignity of her prominent position without ostentation. She is a member of the 
Collegiate Church of St. Nicholas, 48th Street and Fifth Avenue, New York City, and 
attends the First Presbyterian Church at Far Rockaway, Long Island, near her 
country home at Cedarhurst, L. I." 

After the death of her husband, Mrs. Sage was called upon to assume the respon- 
sibility of managing the immense estate left to her discretion as executrix, and, with 
the exception of a few bequests, the chief beneficiary under the will. So great w^as the 
confidence of Mr. Sage in her ability to handle and dispose of his accumulated millions, 
that there w^as not a single qualification or restriction specified in the w^ill. 

W^ith the wisdom of a Solomon, with the mature judgment of a Judge in Equity, 
and w^ith a generosity that does credit to her heart as w^ell as her business sagacity, 
she has met and overcome the serious difficulties that beset her pathw^ay. Litigations 
were threatened on every side from near and distant relatives. These w^ere met in the 
same generous spirit that has characterized every act of her life, and a satisfactory 
compromise was effected. In her own benefactions she has chosen wisely, and given 
where, in her opinion, the result of long experience, the greatest good could be accom- 
plished; and it goes without sajnng that in the future "thousands will rise up to call 
her blessed." In dealing with the old employees of her husband, who had served him 
faithfully for many years, she generously doubled the amount of their salaries. No 
woman ever experienced in a greater degree the scriptural assurance that " it is more 
blessed to give than to receive." Her whole life has been spent in doing good and 
contributing to the happiness of others. 

Those who have known Mrs. Sage only as the gentle, sympathetic. Christian 
woman, could realize that she is also a woman of indomnitable will, fearless and self- 
possessed, and equal to any emergency. Incidents in her life, known only to a few 
of her most intimate friends, have proved this beyond question. In this respect she is 
one woman among a thousand. 

To enumerate all her great educational, charitable and other noble enterprises, 
would be simply a repetition that would add but little to her reputation as one of the 
greatest philanthropists and public benefactors of the present age. The greatest of all 
these is her gift to the Emma Willard School, of Troy. 

The Troy Press, in its issue of April 4, 1908, referring to Mrs. Russell Sage's gift 
to the Emma Willard School of that city, said, editorially: 

" The broadside of beautiful buildings projected by the Emma Willard School, 


presented to-day, and made possible by the munificence of Mrs. Russell Sage, the 
most eminent graduate from this venerable, victorious and renowned institution, 
will be viewed with pleasvire and pride by our people. This presentation is 
representative of an epochal change in the direction of development, and prophetic of 
an ampler magnitude, which w^ill assure the attainment of a collegiate classification 
in the near futvire. Incidentally this School will play its full part in making Troy 
one of the leading educational centres of the country — a very valuable moral and 
material asset for any community. The R. P. I., in a different way, will perform 
a similar fianction. Factors such as these contribute to the culture and civilization 
of society. The cause of humanity is under heavy obligations to noble women of 
the type of Emma Willard and Mrs. Russell Sage, whose names will be insepar- 
ably interlinked in the progressive history of the Emma W^illard School." 

In a supplement of the same date, containing illustrations of the buildings, the same 
paper says : 

" The magnificent group of buildings depicted in to-day's supplement is reproduced 
from the plans for the new Emma Willard School, to be erected on the site on Pawling 
Avenue, purchased by the trustees of that institution with a portion of the $1,000,000 
given her Alma Mater by Mrs. Russell Sage. In architectural beauty, completeness 
of equipment and ideality of location, these superb scholastic structures, when finished, 
will be second to none in the country. They will enable the school to extend its work 
in all departments to the highest standard of efficiency, and do for the cause of higher 
education for women, with Troy as a centre, more than any act in recent years. 

" The new location of the splendid old school is one of the most sightly in this 
section, and in that respect, also, the institution will occupy a commanding position. 
The new buildings will stand on a tract of about thirty acres, much of which will be 
utilized immediately, while eventvially every inch of it will be devoted to some useful 
purpose. The buildings will face Pawling Avenue, with Elm Grove Avenue on the 


" Introductorily, it is fitting to point out that one of the results of the generous gift 
of Mrs. Sage is to move the school from a congested city block, which half a centiary 
ago had an entirely different environment, and place it, imbued with new life and a 
wealth of enthusiasm, on one of the most ideal suburban sites to be afforded in any 
section of the State. The elevation of the tract on which the new buildings will stand 
varies from 320 to 400 feet above sea level. The main structures are to be placed on 
the crown of the hill, the ridge of which overlooks Pawling Avenue. The first floor 
of the residence hall will be 392, and the school hall 393 feet above the level of the 
















1— ( 









sea. The trustees, with whom originated the plan to transplant the institution, con- 
tend that when the old is placed in comparison with the new site, and it is realized 
that the present location is not more than ten feet above the sea level, there can be no 
one of judgment who will not realize and appreciate the immense value of the 
marked change. 

"The plans show^ a collection of buildings of such beauty in design, and so pecu- 
liarly adapted for educational purposes, that in themselves they disclose the immense 
amount of work entailed in their preparation by the architects to whom they are 
accredited. They were drawn by M. F. Cummings CBi, Son. 

" The main structures fronting on Pawling Avenue consist of a School Hall and 
a Residence Hall, separated by an open space, which gives an approach to the 
\J campus, the only communication betw^een these two blocks being a cloistered passage. 
The Gjmtinasiiim Hall will be placed on the further side of the campus. 

" The buildings known as Sage Hall, the Plum Art Museum and Gurley 
Memorial, are ultimately to be located around the campus. The new collection of 
buildings will be approached by a driveway from Pawling Avenue that will encircle 
the entire group, and lead the visitor to the porte-cochere, the main entrance to the 
Residence Hall. 

" The Residence Hall is the most important bmlding of the group. It will occupy 
the northwest comer of the campus, with a fore court overlooking Pawling Avenue. 
The building is three stories in height, and dominated by a tower 110 feet high. The 
top of the parapet of this tower will be 492 feet above sea level, and it will form 
one of the most prominent and lofty landmarks in this section of the State. The 
tower is intended to give a large water storage, which of itself will be a source of 
protection against fire for all the buildings. It will also be utilized to carry up the 
chimney flue from the power station. The lower floor of the tower will be used as 
a reading room. The four floors above will be devoted to studies and dormitories. 

"The first floor contains a reception parlor adjoining the entrance from the 
porte-cochere, with the principal's, teachers', guests' writing and spare rooms located 
on either side of a main corridor eleven feet wide. The main staircase hall is at the 
further end of this trunk corridor, placed directly at the intersection of the four arms, 
and will be modeled on the lines of the old English hall, with a richly molded oaken 
staircase leading to the balconies, which gives access to. the upper floors. To the 
west is the living room, an unusually fine apartment, 52 by 36 feet, with two large 
oriel bays and an inglenook fireplace recess in addition. This living room will be 
paneled eight feet high in oak, with beam ceilings, reminding one of the English 


























sixteenth century living halls. East of the stair hall is the dining room, 32 by 62 feet, 
with large bays and fine recess in addition, with a private dining room for guests 
adjoining, 21 by 16 feet in dimensions. The dining room will be paneled with oak, and 
the ceiling will be treated after the manner of Elizabethian times. The kitchen wing 
communicates directly with the dining room and main corridor, comprising the house- 
keeper's office and rooms, serving room, kitchen 33 by 30 feet, servants' dining hall, 
pastry, and other rooms adjoining. The two upper stories of the kitchen wing provide 
for a servants' parlor and bedrooms, and are entirely separated from the rest of the 
block. The students have their own entrance from the comer of the fore court, with 
the entrance hall leading into the main stair hall. It also has an approach to the 

"The uppermost floor of the residence hall contains an infirmary, with every 
facility for the best treatment of students in case of sickness. 

" The basement of the hall on the north side overlooks Elm Grove Avenue, pro- 
vides for a laundry, ironing and sorting rooms, drying rooms, kitchen stores and cold 
stores, and communicates by elevator w^ith the main dormitories. A sub-basement 
permits direct access from a kitchen yard entering from Elm Grove Avenue, making 
it possible for all supplies to be brought to the service wing direct, thereby avoiding 
the necessity for tradespeople entering the main grounds at all. It allows all refuse to 
be taken direct to the power station for consvimption beneath the boilers. 

" The School Hall. — This occupies the southwestern portion of the Pawling Avenue 
front. The students' entrance is on the north side of the fore court, with an imposing 
staircase hall, two stories in height, with marble balustrading and painted walls. The 
first floor is occupied by four primary rooms to the west, four intermediate students' 
rooms overlooking the campus, principal's office, secretary's office, the teachers' rooms 
looking on to the fore court, and is also approached from the general entrance and 

" The Library will be an exceptionally fine apartment, open to the roof, thirty-two 
feet wide and seventy feet long, with very fine oriels at each end and a fireplace in the 
centre. This library room is specially well designed for its purposes, with its open 
timber, hammer beam, arcaded and traceried side windows and oriels, and cannot fail 
to remind travelers of similar rooms in the Old World colleges, of which it is really a 
replica. The fireplace is especially intended as a memorial to the donor. The campus 
is easily accessible. 

"Assembly Room. — This is a large room, fifty-five by forty-two feet, and is entered 
from the main stair hall, and will serve for the time being as a place for morning 


devotions. In the distant future it is hoped to furnish a fitting building on the south 
side of the campus, providing a chapel and general assembly hall. This Assembly 
Hall will be a fine apartment, with open timbered, traceried roof, tall, traceried side 
windows, and high paneled wood dado. The second floor of this school block is to be 
occupied by the academic students. It has rooms devoted to French, German, history, 
classics, mathematics and English, with the requisite teachers' rooms, toilets and other 
accessories, and a study hall fifty-three by thirty-nine feet, occupying the west front, 
with paneled walls and ornamental beam ceiling. 

" In the basement of the school hall will be located the chemical laboratories and 
a large lunch hall for the students. 

"Gymnasium Hall. — This building occupies a site on the east side of the campus, 
with a tower entrance. In the upper portion of the tower will be a clock, the three 
faces of which will be seen from any portion of the campus, and in fact also from some 
parts of the Pawling Avenue fore court. The main floor contains a gymnasiiim forty- 
four feet wide and ninety feet in length, lighted by large oriels, and having an oaken 
timber roof. The walls are fitted for the reception of gymnastic apparatus. A run- 
ning track gallery is provided overhead. Fencing room, social room, office and 
retiring room are also on this floor, with a large piazza, fi"om which spectators can 
watch the progress of the games on the athletic field to the rear. Rooms for special 
apparatus are on the upper floor. On the lower floor are a swimming bath, sixty- 
three by twenty feet, a double bowling alley, three hundred lockers, shower baths, 
drying rooms and toilets. A spiral stairway leads to the floor above, in addition to a 
main stair. 

"Externally the designs provide for buildings in the English Collegiate Gothic 
style, such as one would expect to find in the buildings of Oxford and Cambridge, 
erected in the latter part of the fifteenth and during the sixteenth centuries. 

"Russell Sage Hall is the gift of Russell Sage. This structure has five stories above 
the basement, and is of fireproof construction. All the floors have steel beams, with 
a filling of fireproof material, and all the dividing walls and partitions are of brick or 
hollow tiles. The building is equipped with an electric elevator, and there are two 
staircases, both of iron. The interior is finished in quartered oak, and the floors are 
of hard polished wood. The library, dining room and reception rooms are equipped 
with open fire-places, and the designs of the three apartments are very beautiful and 
artistic. Both the single and double rooms for the students are completely furnished, 
and the pupils need to bring only their personal belongings. Of Russell Sage Hall it 
may be said that it is in all the essentials a home for the students, in which the 


highest type of refined home life is cultivated. It is entirely separated from the other 
buildings, and, therefore, makes possible an atmosphere of quiet and rest. 

" It was in 1907, after the death of her husband, that Mrs. Sage gave to her old 
school in Troy the sum of $1,000,000, and at the same time a similar amount to the 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Her other benefactions include $115,000 to the 
public school at Sag Harbor, L. I.; $350,000 to the New York Yoimg Men's Christian 
Association; $150,000 to the American Seaman's Friend Society; $150,000 to the 
Northfield, Mass., Seminary; $300,000 to the Sage Institute of Pathology of the City 
Hospital on Blackwell's Island; $250,000 to a Home for Indigent Women; and 
$100,000 to the Syracuse University. One of Mrs. Sage's best known donations is 
that of $10,000,000, constituting a fund that is known as the Sage Foundation for 
Social Betterment." 

The most interesting, as well as the most sacred, of all Mrs. Sage's gifts are the 
Memorial Windows to her parents, and to her old pastor in the church where, as a 
child, she received her baptismal name and her early religious instruction — the First 
Presbyterian Church of Syracuse, N. Y. A full account of these gifts is compressed in 
"A sermon by Rev. George B. Spalding, D.D., LL.D., Pastor of the First Presbyterian 
Church, Sjn-acuse, N. Y., May 19, 1907, in reference to the Western Transept Window, 
erected by Margaret Olivia Slocum Sage and Joseph Jermain Slocum, in Loving 
Memory of their Father and Mother, Joseph Slocum and Margaret Pierson Slocum, 
and the Eastern Transept Window, erected by Margaret Olivia Slocum Sage, as a 
Memorial of the Pastor of her childhood, Rev. John W^atson Adams, D.D." 

Referring to these gifts Dr. Spalding said: " Ten years ago Mrs. Russell Sage and 
her brother, Joseph Germain Slocum, erected in the choir-loft of the former church a 
window in loving memory of their father, Joseph Slocum, and their mother, Margaret 
Germain Slocvim. This window, greatly enlarged, has found its fitting place in the 
western transept of the new edifice. 

" Mr. Slocum, the father, was a charter member of the first Board of Trustees, of 
whom Hon. A. J. Northrop said in his fine historical address on the occasion of the 
Seventy-fifth Anniversary of the Church in 1899 : ' They were pioneers of Presby- 
terianism within the limits of old S)a-acuse, strong and true men, who were foremost 
in public affairs, and in laying the foundations of the institutions and the prosperity we 
thankfully enjoy;' and of the mother, Margaret Pierson Jermain, it has been said by 
one who carries the traditions of this church as precious jewels in the treasury of her 
heart : 'An Elect Lady by birth and environment, for the law of the Lord governed 
the household into which she was bom, and in this holy law she loved to meditate. 


with an abiding trust in its promises, and a quick faith which never wavered even 
when gathering years, with their varied experiences, brought their sorrows and per- 
plexities. As wife and mother, she ordered well the ways of her household. As a 
friend, she was loyal, and much given to hospitality, and gifted with a peculiarly sweet 
and generous nature. Fulfilled to her was the promise, ' With long life will I satisfy 
thee,' for it was granted her to spend an honored old age in the homes of her daughter 
and son, and to see growing up around her children's children of the third and fourth 

" The filial love and gratitude of children of such parents, as expressed in this 
window^, we as a church will keep sacred while these walls endure. 

" And now, to-day, we receive another deposit of this daughter's affection, another 
w^indow, by which her great loving heart would perpetuate its tender esteem of her 
' childhood's pastor,' the first minister of this church. Rev. John Watson Adams, D.D., 
who baptized Margaret Olivia Slocum and her brother, and received her into church 

The " Memorial of Love," which contains a copy of this sermon, gives the follow- 
ing description of these Memorial W^indows and the inscriptions on them : 

These large windows in the transepts of the church are the productions of Miss 
Mary Tillinghast, of New^ York. They represent the best work of the modem renais- 
sance of the splendid art of the eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth centuries. In depth 
and richness of colors and jewelled effect, they recall the famous windows in the 
cathedral of Chatres. 

The subject of the western window, erected by Mrs. Russell Sage and her brother, 
Joseph Slocum, to their father and mother, is the Heavenly Pilgrim. The Savior is 
pointing a sorrowing woman upward to the Holy City, which, in golden glory, breaks 
into view through the parted clouds. It is an inspiring illustration of the words, " In 
my Father's house are many mansions. I go to prepare a place for you." 

The bordering panels are in striking harmony with the architecture of the church. 
W^ith their rich jewelled symbols, they illustrate the twelve epochs in the life of the 
Savior. The following inscription is upon the base of the window : 

"To the Glory of God and in Loving Memory of Joseph Slocum, Trustee of 
the First Board of this Church, Bom at Schaghticoke, Rensselaer Co., 
N. Y., July 19, 1795, Died March 30, 1863 ; And Margaret Pierson Jermain, 
his wife, born at Sag Harbor, L. I., March 4, 1804, Died July 19, 1891. 
This window is erected by their son, Joseph Jermain Slocum, and their 
daughter, Margaret Olivia Slocum, wife of Russell Sage." 


In the eastern, the baptismal transept, Mrs. Russell Sage has now erected a 
second window, the creation of the same gifted artist. The Gothic canopies above 
enshrining the figures of Faith, Hope, Love and Prayer, and below containing the 
emblems of the baptism, and the side panels with medieval busts of the Apostles set in 
jewelled borders, very rich in color and leafage, are suggestive of the world-renowned 
Jasse window at Chartres. The central figures are life size ; that of the Savior with 
uplifted face, expressive of a spirit of self-surrender and boundless love; that of the 
Baptist of rugged strength and prophetic inspiration. 

The inscription on this window is as follows : 

"He who tumeth many to righteousness shall shine as the Stars forever and 
ever. This window is presented by Mrs. Margaret Olivia Slocum Sage, in 
Memory of Rev. John Watson Adams, D.D., The Pastor of Her Childhood 
and First Pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, 1826 to 1850." 

dnl. 3l0H?|ll][ ^Inntm, youngest child of Hon. Joseph and Margaret Pierson 
Qermain) Slocum, was bom in Syracuse, N. Y., June 24, 1833. He went to Cincinnati, 
Ohio, to reside in 1849, and there married Sallie L'Hommedieu, daughter of Stephen 
and Alma (Hammond) L'Hommedieu, son of Charles L'Hommedieu, son of Samuel, 
son of Sylvister, son of Benjamin L'Hommedieu of Rochelle, France and Southold, 
Long Island. 

Soon after the breaking out of the Civil War, Mr. Slocum was commissioned 
Captain, and Commissary of Subsistence, and assigned to the command of General 
Ormsby M. Mitchell, as a member of his staff, and was engaged in active service in 
southern Tennessee and northern Alabama until that officer's removal to other quarters, 
and then acted as Post Commissary at Huntsville, Ala., continuing until ordered to 
Murfireesboro, Tenn. W^hile on his way thither the train was thrown from the track 
by a Confederate scouting party and Capt. Slocum was severely injured. After his 
recovery he served on Gen. Horatio G. W^right's staff and was brevetted Major, and 
later was commissioned Colonel. He continued in service till 1867. In 1874 he moved 
to Chicago and three years later to New York City where he still resides (1908). He has 
one daughter and two sons. 

Herbert Jermain Slocum, eldest son, born in Cincinnati, Ohio, April 25, 1855. Im- 
bued with the spirit of his ancestor, the famous old Capt. Myles Standish of the 
Plymouth Colony, he entered the United States Military Academy at W^est Point in 
1872, being appointed fi"om the Second Congressional District of Ohio. He was a 
member of the Corps of Cadets which took part in the inauguration ceremonies of 
General Grant at the beginning of his second term as President of the United States. 


He attended the Centennial Exhibition at Philadelphia as a member of the cadet 
graduating class in 1867. He was that year promoted Lieutenant and assigned to 7th 
U. S. Cavalry, and later served with his regiment in the Northwest. He participated 
in the campaign against the Nez Perces Indians and in 1880 was stationed at Fort 
Totten, Dakota Territory. 

The official army record shows that on 22 June, 1876, he was made 2d Lieutenant, 
and assigned to 27th U. S. Infantry. Transferred to 7th Cavalry 28 July, 1876. 1st 
Lieutenant 22d Sept., 1883. Captain 26 Aug., 1896. Graduating at the Infantry and 
Cavalry School, 1883. Brevet 1st Lieutenant, 27th Feb., 1890 for gallant and meri- 
torious service in action against Indians at Canon Creek, Montana, March 13, Sept. 
1877. Major of I. G. Vols, 12 May, 1898. He took part in the Spanish American 
War, and was for some time stationed in Phillipine Islands and later on the island of 
Cuba where he rendered effective and important service under Gov. Magoon in the 
organization and instruction of the Rural Guard, which has achieved great success in 
preserving order throughout the island. 

Major Stephen L'Hommedieu Slocum, youngest son of Col. Joseph, was born in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, Aug. 11, 1859. He was graduated at Charlier Institute, New York, 
in 1876, and soon after entered Colvimbia College. President Rutherford B. Hays 
having selected him for appointment to the Army on account of meritorious conduct as 
Aide on the staff of General Samuel D. Sturgis in the Indian campaign of 1878, he left 
college, and was assigned to the 18th U. S. Infantry as Lieutenant and ordered to Fort 
Assinibone, Montana, where he was stationed in 1880. 

His official army record shows that he was appointed from New York 2nd Lieu- 
tenant 18th Infantry, 1st Sept., 1879. Transferred to 8th U. S. Cavalry, June, 1883. 
1st Lieutenant, 28th Sept., 1889. Captain, 2nd March, 1899. Graduate of the Infantry 
and Cavalry School, 1883. 

He has since been engaged in special and detached service of the Government. 
He is Military Attache at the Court of St. Petersburg and Sweden, and has served in 
other important capacities requiring tact, wisdom, diplomacy, etc. He was sent to 
Africa on a secret and special mission which he accomplished to the entire satisfaction 
of the Government. He has shown on many occasions the courage and daring, as well 
as the tact, wisdom and quickness of action of the famous old warrior, Capt. Miles 
Standish from whom he is descended.